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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

CERN  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CERN (European Laboratory for Particle Physics) is an CERN (European Laboratory for Particle Physics) is an international laboratory where the W and Z bosons were discovered. CERN is the birthplace of the World-Wide Web. The Large Hadron Collider (see below) will search for Higgs bosons and other new fundamental particles and forces. For more information: LHC: Large Hadron Collider The planned Large Hadron Collider will inhabit the same tunnel as the LEP does. It will accelerate two beams of protons to 7000 GeV in two adjoining 27-kilometer magnets, where they will circulate 11, 000 times a second. The particles, going opposite directions, will be steered into head-on collisions in the experiment halls. In other experiments, it will be able to accelerate entire large nuclei up to 600 TeV. The accelerator magnets will be kept at 1.8 degrees above absolute

2

CERN Courier CERN COURIER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CERN Courier CERN COURIER Mar 31, 2010 In 1976, mastering the controls of the new big accelerator capacitative touch screens at CERN - CERN Courier http://cerncourier.com/cws/article/cern/42092 1 of 7 24 tactiles capacitifs au CERN. Au début des années 1970, du fait des dimensions du nouvel accélérateur du

Crowther, Paul

3

CERN Courier CERN COURIER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CERN Courier CERN COURIER Jul 25, 2006 Un ciel dégagé pour le Laboratoire Pierre Auger En 1938 for the Pierre Auger Observatory - CERN Courier http://cerncourier.com/cws/Articles/EmailFriend.do 1 of 6 3/19/2011 7:44 PM #12;and has been taking data for more than two years. (http://images.iop.org/objects/ccr/cern

4

Refiner Crude Oil Inputs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Day) Refiner Percent Operable Utilization Net Inputs (Refiner and Blender) of Motor Gasoline Blending Comp Net Inputs (Refiner and Blender) of RBOB Blending Components Net...

5

CERN GSM monitoring system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As a result of the tremendous development of GSM services over the last years, the number of related services used by organizations has drastically increased. Therefore, monitoring GSM services is becoming a business critical issue in order to be able to react appropriately in case of incident. In order to provide with GSM coverage all the CERN underground facilities, more than 50 km of leaky feeder cable have been deployed. This infrastructure is also used to propagate VHF radio signals for the CERNs fire brigade. Even though CERNs mobile operator monitors the network, it cannot guarantee the availability of GSM services, and for sure not VHF services, where signals are carried by the leaky feeder cable. So, a global monitoring system has become critical to CERN. In addition, monitoring this infrastructure will allow to characterize its behaviour over time, especially with LHC operation. Given that commercial solutions were not yet mature, CERN developed a system based on GSM probes and an application...

Ghabrous Larrea, C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Signature CERN-URSS  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Le DG W.Jentschke souhaite la bienvenue l'assemble et aux invits pour la signature du protocole entre le Cern et l'URSS qui est un vnement important. C'est en 1955 que 55 visiteurs sovitiques ont visit le Cern pour la premire fois. Le premier DG au Cern, F.Bloch, et Mons.Amaldi sont aussi prsents. Tandis que le discours anglais de W.Jentschke est traduit en russe, le discours russe de Mons.Morozov est traduit en anglais.

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

7

Safety at CERN  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

U.S. CMS Program U.S. CMS Program Last Updated: March 19, 2012 Safety at CERN Information for U. S. Personnel This information was developed by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science. It is provided to assist you in preparing for your visit to CERN and to help you work safely. As at any U.S. laboratory, you are also responsible for your own safety at CERN. If you are in doubt as to whether your working conditions meet safety standards, you must ask for clarification from your supervisor, the CMS GLIMOS, the PH Department Safety Officer or, if necessary, the CERN Safety Commission. If you regard yourself or others as clearly at risk, you must interrupt the work to take corrective action. Your primary points of contact for safety related questions or

8

The significance of Cern  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Le Prof. V.Weisskopf, DG du Cern de 1961 1965, est n Vienne, a fait ses tudes Gttingen et a une carrire acadmique particulirement riche. Il a travaill Berlin, Copenhague et Berlin et est parti aux Etats Unis pour participer au projet Manhattan et tait Prof. au MTT jusqu' 1960. Revenu en Europe, il a t DG du Cern et lui a donn l'impulsion que l'on sait.

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

9

ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes bandwidth.pdf More Documents & Publications ITP Petroleum...

10

ITP Petroleum Refining: Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in California: California Industries of the Future Program ITP Petroleum Refining: Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in...

11

MECS 2006- Petroleum Refining  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Petroleum Refining (NAICS 324110) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

12

Petroleum Refining | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Petroleum Refining Petroleum Refining Maintaining the viability of the U.S. petroleum refining industry requires continuous improvement in productivity and energy efficiency. The...

13

Biocatalysis in Oil Refining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biocatalysis in Oil Refining focuses on petroleum refining bioprocesses, establishing a connection between science and technology. The micro organisms and biomolecules examined for biocatalytic purposes for oil refining processes are thoroughly detailed. Terminology used by biologists, chemists and engineers is brought into a common language, aiding the understanding of complex biological-chemical-engineering issues. Problems to be addressed by the future R&D activities and by new technologies are described and summarized in the last chapter.

Borole, Abhijeet P [ORNL; Ramirez-Corredores, M. M. [BP Global Fuels Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

CERN Courier December 2007 anniversary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CERN Courier December 2007 anniversary In April 932 John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton split the atom. (Courtesy AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives.) s #12;2 CERN Courier December 2007 anniversary in research to establish large accelerator laboratories, in particular CERN in 954. Cockcroft was born on 27 May 897

Crowther, Paul

15

History of Cern  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Crmonie l'occasion de l'apparition du premier volume du livre sur l'histoire du Cern, avec plusieurs personnes prsentes qui jouaient un rle important dans cette organisation europenne couronne de succs grce l'esprit des membres fondateurs qui est et restera essentiel

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

16

25th Birthday Cern- Amphi  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Crmonie du 25me anniversaire du Cern avec 2 orateurs: le Prof.Weisskopf parle de la signification et le rle du Cern et le Prof.Casimir(?) fait un expos sur les rlations entre la science pure et la science applique et la "big science" (science lgre)

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

17

Hirshfeld atom refinement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The new automated iterative Hirshfeld atom refinement method is explained and validated through comparison of structural models of Gly-L-Ala obtained from synchrotron X-ray and neutron diffraction data at 12, 50, 150 and 295 K. Structural parameters involving hydrogen atoms are determined with comparable precision from both experiments and agree mostly to within two combined standard uncertainties.

Capelli, S.C.

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

18

Issues in adaptive mesh refinement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an approach for a patch-based adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) for multi-physics simulations. The approach consists of clustering, symmetry preserving, mesh continuity, flux correction, communications, and management of patches. Among the special features of this patch-based AMR are symmetry preserving, efficiency of refinement, special implementation offlux correction, and patch management in parallel computing environments. Here, higher efficiency of refinement means less unnecessarily refined cells for a given set of cells to be refined. To demonstrate the capability of the AMR framework, hydrodynamics simulations with many levels of refinement are shown in both two- and three-dimensions.

Dai, William Wenlong [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Nuclear Physics: CERN Storage Rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and his colleagues, the ISRs were each filled by repetitive injection from the CERN proton synchroton to an intensity of 2 A which corresponds to 4 x 10+13 protons. ...

1971-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

20

CERN2003005 11 September 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

learning, organizational capability development, market learning) tend to occur together. Learning ­ i.e., the technological, market, and organizational learning benefits that accrue to CERN's supplier. The documented learning outcomes range from technology development, product development, and organizational

Crowther, Paul

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Petroleum Refining Sector (NAICS 324110) Energy use data source: 2010...

22

HEPPH9406340 CERN--TH.7295/94  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@CERNVM.CERN.CH, bilenky@hades.ifh.de, LEHNER@CONVEX.IFH.DE, OLSHEVSK@VXCERN.CERN.CH, RIEMANN@CERNVM.CERN.CH #12; 1

23

Minimally refined biomass fuel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A minimally refined fluid composition, suitable as a fuel mixture and derived from biomass material, is comprised of one or more water-soluble carbohydrates such as sucrose, one or more alcohols having less than four carbons, and water. The carbohydrate provides the fuel source; water solubilizes the carbohydrates; and the alcohol aids in the combustion of the carbohydrate and reduces the vicosity of the carbohydrate/water solution. Because less energy is required to obtain the carbohydrate from the raw biomass than alcohol, an overall energy savings is realized compared to fuels employing alcohol as the primary fuel.

Pearson, Richard K. (Pleasanton, CA); Hirschfeld, Tomas B. (Livermore, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Weekly Refiner Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Net Production Refiner Net Production (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Product/Region 11/08/13 11/15/13 11/22/13 11/29/13 12/06/13 12/13/13 View History Finished Motor Gasoline 2,168 2,300 2,336 2,359 2,462 2,368 2010-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 54 53 52 67 71 67 2010-2013 Midwest (PADD 2) 696 745 722 711 798 790 2010-2013 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 891 916 1,010 1,053 1,011 1,021 2010-2013 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 260 248 245 232 279 235 2010-2013 West Coast (PADD 5) 268 338 308 296 302 255 2010-2013 Reformulated 50 49 49 49 48 49 2010-2013 Blended with Ethanol 50 49 49 49 48 49 2010-2013 Other

25

ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This energy bandwidth analysis provides a realistic estimate of the energy that may be saved in petroleum refining processes by quantifying measures of energy consumption.

26

ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Refining Processes Prepared by Energetics Incorporated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Industrial Technologies Program...

27

Refines Efficiency Improvement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Refinery processes that convert heavy oils to lighter distillate fuels require heating for distillation, hydrogen addition or carbon rejection (coking). Efficiency is limited by the formation of insoluble carbon-rich coke deposits. Heat exchangers and other refinery units must be shut down for mechanical coke removal, resulting in a significant loss of output and revenue. When a residuum is heated above the temperature at which pyrolysis occurs (340 C, 650 F), there is typically an induction period before coke formation begins (Magaril and Aksenova 1968, Wiehe 1993). To avoid fouling, refiners often stop heating a residuum before coke formation begins, using arbitrary criteria. In many cases, this heating is stopped sooner than need be, resulting in less than maximum product yield. Western Research Institute (WRI) has developed innovative Coking Index concepts (patent pending) which can be used for process control by refiners to heat residua to the threshold, but not beyond the point at which coke formation begins when petroleum residua materials are heated at pyrolysis temperatures (Schabron et al. 2001). The development of this universal predictor solves a long standing problem in petroleum refining. These Coking Indexes have great potential value in improving the efficiency of distillation processes. The Coking Indexes were found to apply to residua in a universal manner, and the theoretical basis for the indexes has been established (Schabron et al. 2001a, 2001b, 2001c). For the first time, a few simple measurements indicates how close undesired coke formation is on the coke formation induction time line. The Coking Indexes can lead to new process controls that can improve refinery distillation efficiency by several percentage points. Petroleum residua consist of an ordered continuum of solvated polar materials usually referred to as asphaltenes dispersed in a lower polarity solvent phase held together by intermediate polarity materials usually referred to as resins. The Coking Indexes focus on the amount of these intermediate polarity species since coke formation begins when these are depleted. Currently the Coking Indexes are determined by either titration or solubility measurements which must be performed in a laboratory. In the current work, various spectral, microscopic, and thermal techniques possibly leading to on-line analysis were explored for measuring the Coking Indexes.

WRI

2002-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

28

Refiner Wholesale Price ...........................  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices (cents per gallon) Prices (cents per gallon) Refiner Wholesale Price ........................... 297 299 302 275 289 290 288 262 275 289 280 257 293 282 276 Gasoline Regular Grade Retail Prices Including Taxes PADD 1 .................................................... 363 366 364 355 361 350 355 331 341 355 347 327 362 349 343 PADD 2 .................................................... 355 366 369 340 350 368 352 318 334 355 346 318 357 347 338 PADD 3 .................................................... 346 353 345 326 339 336 337 307 323 341 329 305 343 330 325 PADD 4 .................................................... 322 374 358 348 323 361 362 326 322 351 348 322 351 344 337 PADD 5 .................................................... 390 413 390 384 382 390 385 355 362 384 379 356 394 378 371 U.S. Average ........................................

29

Re-refining in India  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehra Dun made available its know-how for re-refining used engine oil to about 30 entrepreneurs. Out of these only a handful are utilizing their process. However, there are about 30 members in Petroleum Re-Refiners Association of India. After the certification scheme, as announced by the Ministry of Petroleum, is completed, a true picture would emerge as to the actual number of re-refiners engaged in the proper re-refining of used engine oil. The total consumption of lubricants in India is 500,000 tons of which about 5 percent maximum comes to the recognized re-refining industry and the balance is either burnt or discarded. The Government of India has been encouraging in particular the Government undertakings to set up their own captive units for re-refining but these have not been so successful and the output of captive units is used for topping up purpose. With the establishment of a re-refined engine oil specification and registration of the re-refiners it is hoped that the Government will take a more positive step in encouraging the re-refining industry.

Bhargava, M.K.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Effects of wastewater from an oil-sand-refining operation on survival, hematology, gill histology,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of wastewater from an oil-sand-refining operation on survival, hematology, gill histology the effects of various types of wastewater produced in oil-sand-refining on the survival, hematology, gill. In con- trast, all fish did not survive a 28-day period in any of the wastewaters tested and, in some

Farrell, Anthony P.

31

CERN News - A major contract has been signed for the supply of solar panels derived from CERN technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CERN News - A major contract has been signed for the supply of solar panels derived from CERN technology

CERN Video Productions; Marion Viguier

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

The ELENA project at CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CERN has a longstanding tradition of pursuing fundamental physics on extreme low and high energy scales. The present physics knowledge is successfully described by the Standard Model and the General Relativity. In the anti-matter regime many predictions of this established theory still remain experimentally unverified and one of the most fundamental open problems in physics concerns the question of asymmetry between particles: why is the observable and visible universe apparently composed almost entirely of matter and not of anti-matter? There is a huge interest in the very compelling scientiic case for anti-hydrogen and low energy anti-proton physics, here to name especially the Workshop on New Opportunities in the Physics Landscape at CERN which was convened in May 2009 by the CERN Directorate and culminated in the decision for the final approval of the construction of the Extra Low ENergy Antiproton (ELENA) ring by the Research Board in June 2011. ELENA is a CERN project aiming to construct a small 30 m ci...

Oelert, W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

,"U.S. Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_c_nus_eppv_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_c_nus_eppv_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

34

,"Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_a_eppv_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_a_eppv_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

35

,"U.S. Residual Fuel Oil Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Sales Volumes" Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Residual Fuel Oil Refiner Sales Volumes",2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refres_c_nus_eppr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refres_c_nus_eppr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

36

,"U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Sales Volumes" Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

37

The Compass Experiment at CERN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The COMPASS experiment at the CERN SPS has a broad physics program focused on the study of the spin structure of the nucleon and on hadron spectroscopy. Key measurements for the spin program are the gluon contribution to the spin of the nucleon, flavor dependent quark spin distribution, and the measurement of the transverse spin structure function. The apparatus consists of a two-stage spectrometer designed for high data rates and equipped with high-resolution tracking, particle identification, electromagnetic and hadronic calorimetry. Data taking has started in 2002. Following the CERN SPS shut down in 2005, the experiment will resume data taking in 2006 and is planned to continue (at least) until 2010. Few hundreds of Terabytes of data are put on tape each year. Out of this large amount of data first important physics results have been obtained.

Magnon, A. [DAPNIA/SPhN, CEA-Saclay, F91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

2005-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

38

Advanced engineering design as practiced today from the view point of the CERN Industrial Liaison Officer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After an introduction about CERN, a brief description of the Large Hadron Collider(LHC) it is reviewed. Pros and cons of a few advanced engineering design cases are taken in consideration together with the involvement of the European Industry. The conclusion is that the LHC project has been an important driving force for Innovation in European Industry.

Barone, Michele

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Refinement in Object-Z and CSP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we explore the relationship between refinement in Object-Z and refinement in CSP. We prove with a simple counter-example ... , does not imply failures-divergences refinement in CSP. This contradicts...

Christie Bolton; Jim Davies

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Anomalies in the refinement of isoleucine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The side-chain torsion angles of isoleucines in X-ray protein structures are a function of resolution, secondary structure and refinement software. Detailing the standard torsion angles used in refinement software can improve protein structure refinement.

Berntsen, K.R.M.

2014-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Nucleic Acid Standards - Refinement Parameters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Refinement Parameters Refinement Parameters The DNA/RNA topology and parameter files for X-PLOR are shown below. These were tested with DNA structures and with protein-DNA complexes. X-PLOR topology file X-PLOR parameter files: X-PLOR parameter file For the refinement of high resolution structures (< 1.7 Angstroms) the parameter file with distinct bond distances and bond angles for both C2'-endo and C3'-endo conformations should be considered: X-PLOR parameter file for high resolution structures "New Parameters for the Refinement of Nucleic Acid Containing Structures." Gary Parkinson, Jaroslav Vojtechovsky, Lester Clowney, Axel Brunger*, and Helen M. Berman. (1996) Acta Cryst. D 52, 57-64 Rutgers University, Department of Chemistry, Piscataway, NJ 08855-0939; *The Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Departments of Molecular and

42

NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE The Northeast region of the U.S. is particularly vulnerable to gasoline...

43

Improving the accuracy of macromolecular structure refinement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and subsequent refinement is challenging at low resolution. We compared refinement methods using synchrotron diffraction data of photosystem I at 7.4 resolution, starting...

44

EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH (CERN) CERN-PH-EP/2012-356  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH (CERN) CERN-PH-EP/2012-356 2013/06/21 CMS-EXO-11 the procedures of the corresponding dijet search [10], performed in the same dataset, but with strongly reduced

Bruck, Jehoshua (Shuki)

45

25th Birthday Cern- Restaurant  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Crmonie du 25me anniversaire du Cern avec plusieurs orateurs et la prsence de nombreux autorits cantonales et communales genevoises et personnalits, directeurs gnraux, ministres, chercheurs.... Le conseiller fderal et chef du dpartement des affaires trangres de la confdration Monsieur Pierre Aubert prend la parole pour clbrer la fois les rsultats trs remarquables de la coopration internationale en matire scientifique, mais aussi la volont politique des tats europens de mettre en commun leurs ressources pour faire oeuvre d'avenir. Un grand hommage est aussi donn aux deux directeurs disparus, les prof.Bakker et Gregory.

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

46

DSm Vector Spaces of Refined Labels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this book the authors introduce the notion of DSm vector spaces of refined labels. They also realize the refined labels as a plane and a n-dimensional space. Further, using these refined labels, several algebraic structures are defined. Finally DSm semivector space or refined labels is described. Authors also propose some research problems.

Kandasamy, W B Vasantha

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

DSm Vector Spaces of Refined Labels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this book the authors introduce the notion of DSm vector spaces of refined labels. They also realize the refined labels as a plane and a n-dimensional space. Further, using these refined labels, several algebraic structures are defined. Finally DSm semivector space or refined labels is described. Authors also propose some research problems.

W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

48

Conformal refinement of unstructured quadrilateral meshes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a multilevel adaptive refinement technique for unstructured quadrilateral meshes in which the mesh is kept conformal at all times. This means that the refined mesh, like the original, is formed of only quadrilateral elements that intersect strictly along edges or at vertices, i.e., vertices of one quadrilateral element do not lie in an edge of another quadrilateral. Elements are refined using templates based on 1:3 refinement of edges. We demonstrate that by careful design of the refinement and coarsening strategy, we can maintain high quality elements in the refined mesh. We demonstrate the method on a number of examples with dynamically changing refinement regions.

Garmella, Rao [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Electronic structure of superconductivity refined  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electronic structure of superconductivity refined Electronic structure of superconductivity refined Electronic structure of superconductivity refined A team of physicists propose a new model that expands on a little understood aspect of the electronic structure in high-temperature superconductors. July 10, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

50

Carbon Emissions: Petroleum Refining Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Petroleum Refining Industry Petroleum Refining Industry Carbon Emissions in the Petroleum Refining Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 2911) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 79.9 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 21.5% -- Nonfuel Emissions: 16.5 MMTC Total First Use of Energy: 6,263 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 28.9% Nonfuel Use of Energy Sources: 3,110 trillion Btu (49.7%) -- Naphthas and Other Oils: 1,328 trillion Btu -- Asphalt and Road Oil: 1,224 trillion Btu -- Lubricants: 416 trillion Btu Carbon Intensity: 12.75 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey", "Monthly Refinery Report" for 1994, and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998.

51

Big Bang Day: The Making of CERN (Episode 2)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A two-part history of the CERN project. Quentin Cooper explores the fifty-year history of CERN, the European particle physics laboratory in Switzerland.

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

52

Used oil re-refining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Used oils, especially used lubricating oils which are normally considered waste and are discarded or burned, are reclaimed for reuse by a re-refining procedure involving the steps of: heat soaking the used oil; distilling the heat soaked oil; passing the distillate through a guard bed of activated material; hydrotreating the guard bed treated distillate under standard hydrotreating conditions. If the used oil to be re-refined contains a quantity of water and/or fuel fraction which the practioner considers sufficiently large to be detrimental, the used oil may be subjected to a dewatering/defueling step prior to being heat soaked.

Reid, L. E.; Ryan, D. G.; Yao, K. C.

1985-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

53

Vacuum State/Refiner/Location  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vacuum Vacuum State/Refiner/Location Barrels per Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity Barrels per Operating Idle Operating Idle Downstream Charge Capacity Thermal Cracking Delayed Fluid Coking Visbreaking Other/Gas Calendar Day Stream Day Distillation Coking Oil Table 3. Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries by State as of January 1, 2013 (Barrels per Stream Day, Except Where Noted) ......................................................... Alabama 120,100 0 130,000 0 48,000 32,000 0 0 0 Goodway Refining LLC 4,100 0 5,000 0 0 0 0 0 0 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................

54

Green Petroleum Refining - Mathematical Models for Optimizing Petroleum Refining Under Emission Constraints.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Petroleum refining processes provide the daily requirements of energy for the global market. Each refining process produces wastes that have the capacity to harm the (more)

Ali Yusuf, Yusuf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

,"U.S. Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes" Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Products for Refiner Gasoline Volumes",1,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 2","by Grade",3,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 3","by Formulation",3,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls"

56

A design flow based on modular refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a practical methodology based on modular refinement to design complex systems. The methodology relies on modules with latency-insensitive interfaces so that the refinements can change the timing contract of a ...

Dave, Nirav H.

57

Sharp Retrenchment, Modulated Refinement and Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

retrenchment is introduced and briefly justified informally, as a liberalisation of refinement. In sharp as a liberalisation of the notion of refinement, whose purpose was to enable more of the informal aspects of de

Banach, Richard

58

CERN makes good on technician's sabotage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... cut about 200 cables and hidden 1,300 electronic components needed to control the proton-synchroton accelerator and booster (see Nature 373,650; 1995). But CERN's antiproton programme ...

1995-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

59

Entitlements exemptions for new refiners  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The practice of exempting start-up inventories from entitlement requirements for new refiners has been called into question by the Office of Hearings and Appeals and other responsible Departmental officials. ERA with the assistance of the Office of General Counsel considering resolving the matter through rulemaking; however, by October 26, 1979 no rulemaking had been published. Because of the absence of published standards for use in granting these entitlements to new refineries, undue reliance was placed on individual judgements that could result in inequities to applicants and increase the potential for fraud and abuse. Recommendations are given as follows: (1) if the program for granting entitlements exemptions to new refiners is continued, the Administrator, ERA should promptly take action to adopt an appropriate regulation to formalize the program by establishing standards and controls that will assure consistent and equitable application; in addition, files containing adjustments given to new refiners should be made complete to support benefits already allowed; and (2) whether the program is continued or discontinued, the General Counsel and the Administrator, ERA, should coordiate on how to evaluate the propriety of inventory adjustments previously granted to new refineries.

Not Available

1980-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

60

Reaping Energy Savings from Petroleum Refining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REAPING ENERGY SAVINGS FROM PETROLEUM REFINING Alan Deng, Project Manager, San Francisco, CA, Ron Cascone, Project Manager, White Plains, NY, Nexant, Inc. ABSTRACT The refining industry is one of the largest energy users in Pacific Gas.... Market barriers include lack of standards and perceptions of unproven reliability for new technologies in petroleum refining, lack of understanding of the refining process by energy efficiency professionals, lack of capital investment, high up...

Deng, A.; Cascone, R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

CERN 60 years of science for peace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What is the Universe made of? Where did it come from, where is it going and why does it behave the way it does? These are some of the questions that CERN set out to address 60 years ago when a small number of pioneering scientists created Europes first scientific international organization. Founded in the aftermath of the second world war, CERN is not only a first-class centre for fundamental research but also a pioneering adventure in international collaboration.

Fabienne, Marcastel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Firing of pulverized solvent refined coal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An air-purged burner for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal is constructed and operated such that the solvent refined coal can be fired without the coking thereof on the burner components. The air-purged burner is designed for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal in a tangentially fired boiler.

Derbidge, T. Craig (Sunnyvale, CA); Mulholland, James A. (Chapel Hill, NC); Foster, Edward P. (Macungie, PA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of Condition Assessment on Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of Condition Assessment on Energy Use: Selected Applications in Chemicals Processing and Petroleum Refining ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of...

64

ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy and Environmental Profile of the...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry (November 2007) ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry...

65

30.July 2004 A.Fabich, CERN 1 A.Fabich, CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-cooled surroundings Schematic diagram of the radiation cooled rotating toroidal target rotating toroid proton beam results MHD Proton induced shocks At B=0 T At B=19.3 T At B=19.3 T CERN/BNL at GHMFLIndependent&ISOLDE: proton induced shocks ­ CERN at GHMFL: MHD ­ no observation of combined effects of proton induced shocks

McDonald, Kirk

66

DUALISM AND NON-DUALISM: ELEMENTARY FORMS OF PHYSICS AT CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a Cultural Revolution." CERN Courier, July 7, 2010. Koyre,European Organization for Nuclear, Research. "Cern Courier."CERN courier. (1959). Evans, Lyndon R. The Large Hadron

Roy, Arpita

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Solvent refined coal (SRC) process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the progress of the Solvent Refined Coal (SRC) project by The Pittsburg and Midway Coal Mining Co. at the SRC Pilot Plant in Fort Lewis, Washington and the Gulf Science and Technology Company Process Development Unit (P-99) in Harmarville, Pennsylvania, for the Department of Energy during the month of October, 1980. The Fort Lewis Pilot Plant was shut down the entire month of October, 1980 for inspection and maintenance. PDU P-99 completed two runs during October investigating potential start-up modes for the Demonstration Plant.

Not Available

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Petroleum Refining Energy Use in Relation to Fuel Products Made  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years crude oils available to refiners have required more energy to refine and refiners have adjusted their processes to obtain better energy efficiency. In addition, the shift to lead-free gasoline has led to refining adjustments...

White, J. R.; Marshall, J. F.; Shoemaker, G. L.; Smith, R. B.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Chapter 2 Conventional refining processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses conventional refining processes. Refining is a very elaborate operation by which crude oil is transformed into a series of products such as, gases, fuels, solvents, lube oils, etc. Crude oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons (HC) of different C/H ratio and molecular structures. The different classes of HC molecules comprise paraffins, olefins, cycles, aromatics, resins, asphaltenes, and other poly-unsaturated molecules. In addition to hydrocarbons, crude oils also contain some other compounds composed by other atoms (heteroatoms) than carbon and hydrogen. Those moieties consist of sulfur (S), nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), and heavy metals. Crudes are usually classified in terms of their specific gravity as very light, light, median, heavy, and extra heavy. An empirical set of units for the crude gravity, defined by the American Petroleum Institute (API), is currently used in oil industry. Their appearance varies from transparent liquids to black solids, going from light to heavy. Light oils have lower specific gravity and larger API gravity, while for heavy oils vice versa. Their composition also changes, and so the concentration of those heteroatomic compounds typically increases from light to heavy. The crude oils are also categorized in terms of their chemical composition, as for instance, sour crude oils, those presenting high acidity, paraffinic, naphthenic, and aromatic.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Representations of finite groups The Alperin-McKay refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Representations of finite groups The Alperin-McKay refinement The Isaacs-Navarro refinements The Mc-McKay refinement The Isaacs-Navarro refinements The basics Some history The McKay conjecture (for now) Let G groups The Alperin-McKay refinement The Isaacs-Navarro refinements The basics Some history The Mc

Cossey, James P.

71

,"Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0u_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0u_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

72

,"U.S. Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0r_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0r_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

73

,"Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

74

,"No. 2 Distillate Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","No. 2 Distillate Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_a_epd2_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_a_epd2_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

75

,"Residual Fuel Oil Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Residual Fuel Oil Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes",9,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refres_a_eppr_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refres_a_eppr_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

76

,"Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_a_epjk_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_a_epjk_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

77

,"U.S. Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0u_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0u_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

78

,"No. 2 Diesel Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","No. 2 Diesel Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_a_epd2d_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_a_epd2d_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

79

Big Bang Day: The Making of CERN (Episode 1)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A two-part history of the CERN project. Quentin Cooper explores the fifty-year history of CERN, the European particle physics laboratory in Switzerland. The institution was created to bring scientists together after WW2 .......

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

80

CERN seeks an extra $330 million for LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... (CERN) has confirmed its commitment to the construction of the planned Large Hadron Collider (LHC), and has asked for proposals from CERN management as to how non-member states ... design, and concluded that the project "should be approved rapidly.")

Alison Abbott

1993-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Refining Bio-Oil alongside Petroleum  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

W.R. Grace and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are working to establish a bio-oil refining process that users existing petroleum refinery infrastructure.

82

CERN and high energy physics, the grand picture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The lecture will touch on several topics, to illustrate the role of CERN in the present and future of high-energy physics: how does CERN work? What is the role of the scientific community, of bodies like Council and SPC, and of international cooperation, in the definition of CERN's scientific programme? What are the plans for the future of the LHC and of the non-LHC physics programme? What is the role of R&D; and technology transfer at CERN?

None

2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

83

CERN and high energy physics, the grand picture  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The lecture will touch on several topics, to illustrate the role of CERN in the present and future of high-energy physics: how does CERN work? What is the role of the scientific community, of bodies like Council and SPC, and of international cooperation, in the definition of CERN's scientific programme? What are the plans for the future of the LHC and of the non-LHC physics programme? What is the role of R&D; and technology transfer at CERN?

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

84

CERN asks Japan for support to build LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... for his country's cooperation in the construction of CERN's planned Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The move follows numerous unofficial approaches by CERN officials dating back to June 1992 ... they were "positive", and that they had covered both Japan's potential contribution to LHC construction costs and the possibility that it might be given associate membership to CERN. ...

David Swinbanks

1995-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

85

CERN/FC/5469/RA Original: English  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the CERN Site supervision (SUSI) Supply of power cables for the high voltage electrical network-based video surveillance cameras from multiple manufacturers. Supply of power cables for the renovation of the electrical power distribution network. Several types of power cable are requested for a total quantity of 78

86

Excited quark production at the CERN LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the production of excited quarks q? of spin-1/2 predicted by composite models. Production rates, signatures, and backgrounds are discussed for the CERN LHC. We estimate the discovery mass reach for the excited quarks decaying to jet+photon.

O. ak?r and R. Mehdiyev

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

87

Lepton flavor violation at the CERN LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent results from Super Kamiokande suggest ??-?? mixing and hence lepton flavor violation. In supersymmetric models, this flavor violation may have implications for the pattern of slepton masses and mixings. Possible signals for this mixing in the decays of sleptons produced at the CERN LHC are discussed. The sensitivity expected is compared to that of rare decays such as ????.

I. Hinchliffe and F. E. Paige

2001-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

88

CERN automatic audio-conference service  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Scientists from all over the world need to collaborate with CERN on a daily basis. They must be able to communicate effectively on their joint projects at any time; as a result telephone conferences have become indispensable and widely used. Managed by 6 operators, CERN already has more than 20000 hours and 5700 audio-conferences per year. However, the traditional telephone based audio-conference system needed to be modernized in three ways. Firstly, to provide the participants with more autonomy in the organization of their conferences; secondly, to eliminate the constraints of manual intervention by operators; and thirdly, to integrate the audio-conferences into a collaborative working framework. The large number, and hence cost, of the conferences prohibited externalization and so the CERN telecommunications team drew up a specification to implement a new system. It was decided to use a new commercial collaborative audio-conference solution based on the SIP protocol. The system was tested as the first European pilot and several improvements (such as billing, security, redundancy...) were implemented based on CERN's recommendations. The new automatic conference system has been operational since the second half of 2006. It is very popular for the users and has doubled the number of conferences in the past two years.

Rodrigo Sierra Moral

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Heavy oils (natural and refined)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This section of the Petroleum and Coal review again contains discussions on the analysis of asphalts, bitumens, tars, and pitches as well as heavy natural and refined oils. The characterization of these heavy (high-boiling) materials impacts the way they are produced, their effect on the processing environment, and their suitability for various end products. The analysis of these heavy materials is becoming increasingly important as crude oil stocks get heavier and larger quantities of high-boiling materials are processed to derive clean lower boiling products. This review covers articles found in the literature in the last two years. This review will cover new or improved analytical procedures and applications to new sources of heavy oils. This review will be subdivided into individual separation or analytical techniques. Combined analytical techniques (e.g., GC-FT-IR) will be included under the technique most emphasized in the article. The review is categorized further by chromatographic techniques, spectroscopic techniques, thermal techniques, and miscellaneous. 71 refs.

Lintelmann, K.A. [Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, CO (United States)

1995-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Re-refining enters a new era  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author describes the current state of affairs in the re-refining industry. Re-refiners are companies that recycle used lubricating oil into high quality base oils and other petroleum products. The re-refining industry has experienced it's own unique problems, as well as some of those occurring in the rest of the petroleum industry. For these reasons, other solutions are forthcoming, resulting in a new era. The future will see existing plants retrofitted, shut down plants being reopened, expanded and modernized and in the long term, new grass roots ''mega'' plants will be constructed in strategic marketing territories.

Booth, G.T. III

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Firing of pulverized solvent refined coal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A burner for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal is constructed and operated such that the solvent refined coal can be fired successfully without any performance limitations and without the coking of the solvent refined coal on the burner components. The burner is provided with a tangential inlet of primary air and pulverized fuel, a vaned diffusion swirler for the mixture of primary air and fuel, a center water-cooled conical diffuser shielding the incoming fuel from the heat radiation from the flame and deflecting the primary air and fuel steam into the secondary air, and a watercooled annulus located between the primary air and secondary air flows.

Lennon, Dennis R. (Allentown, PA); Snedden, Richard B. (McKeesport, PA); Foster, Edward P. (Macungie, PA); Bellas, George T. (Library, PA)

1990-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

Possible Accelerators @ CERN Beyond the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The physics and world-wide accelerator context for possible accelerator projects at CERN after the LHC are reviewed, including the expectation that an e+ e- linear collider in the TeV energy range will be built elsewhere. Emphasis is laid on the Higgs boson, supersymmetry and neutrino oscillations as benchmarks for physics after the LHC. The default option for CERN's next major project may be the CLIC multi-TeV e+ e- collider project. Also interesting is the option of a three-step scenario for muon storage rings, starting with a neutrino factory, continuing with one or more Higgs factories, and culminating in a mu+ mu- collider at the high-energy frontier.

John Ellis

1999-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

93

Technical Design Report, CERN NA63  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We summarize the status and plans for the 2015 run for the CERN NA63 collaboration. First, we review the motivation for our proposed experiments with the scheduled Ar18+ beam of Feb/Mar 2015. We also show some slightly updated versions of our calculations that better reflect the experimental situation. Then we turn to a detailed description of the detector setup, focusing on the deployment of the MIMOSA detectors.

Mikkelsen, RE; Wistisen, TN

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Valero Refining Company - NJ | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valero Refining Company - NJ Valero Refining Company - NJ Jump to: navigation, search Name Valero Refining Company - NJ Place New Jersey Utility Id 56325 Utility Location Yes Ownership R Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Industrial: $0.0652/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Valero_Refining_Company_-_NJ&oldid=411921" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases

96

Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith Software Verification Research Centre, University of Queensland, Australia smith@svrc.uq.edu.au Abstract. Two types of semantics have been given

Smith, Graeme

97

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1997...

98

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1996...

99

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1995...

100

Diameter-Refined Metallic Carbon Nanotubes as Optically Tunable...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diameter-Refined Metallic Carbon Nanotubes as Optically Tunable Transparent Conductors Home > Research > ANSER Research Highlights > Diameter-Refined Metallic Carbon Nanotubes as...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

U.S. CMS - U.S. CMS @ Work - Working at CERN - Relocating to CERN -  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Working at CERN Working at CERN Mandate Life in Geneva Map to P5 Computers Search People Relocation Visa: Long Term Invitation: Long Term Visa: Short Term Invitation: Short Term Invitation: Long Term For the long term French and Swiss invitations, the following information is needed: *Gender: (male/female) Work address: (including street address for Federal Express) *Home address: *Citizenship: *Place of birth (City and country): *Date of birth: *Passport number: *Date of passport issue: *Date of passport expiration: Professional title: Address of employing institute: Dates of visit to CERN: Email address: Your phone number: Your fax number: The fax numbers of the Swiss and French consulates where you will apply for the visas: *We also need this information for any family members traveling with you...

102

Genealogy of major U.S. refiners  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of major U.S. refiners of major U.S. refiners 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Amoco SOHIO BP ARCO Mapco Williams Clark Refining 1/89 12/98 4/00 3/98 Orion Diamond Shamrock Ultramar k 12/96 7/03 Ultramar Diamond Shamrock (UDS) Total North America UDS 9/97 Valero Salomon (Basis) Valero Williams BP BP b BP-Husky Refining LLC (jv) Husky Huntway 5/97 6/01 9/05 Valero Premcor g Valero Valero Valero 12/01 7/94 e 12/98 f Carlyle Group y Coastal 3/03 d 12/88 a 6/01 o Sun Company Sunoco v 7/07 i 4/08 c 5/04 h Pacific Refining (jv) 12/88 r El Paso 1/04 w 10/98 m 6/00 n 9/89 t 8/94 u See notes, footnotes, and source notes below. PBF Energy 6/10 p 12/10 q 3/11 x 10/11 j 9/00 l 1/01 s Genealogy of major U.S. refiners (continued) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

103

Refining intensity, energy consumption, and pulp quality in two-stage chip refining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on thermomechanical pulps produced in two pilot plant installations. Both installations were conventional two-stage systems in which the first stage was pressurized and the second was atmospheric. At a given specific energy, pulp quality was improved. Alternatively, for a given pulp quality, the energy consumption was reduced when refining in the first stage was carried out at a high refining intensity. High refining intensity was reached by operating the first stage either at a high rotational speed or low consistency. There were indications that these benefits could be enhanced if the second stage were operated at a low refining intensity.

Miles, K.B.; May, W.D.; Karnis, A. (Pulp and Paper Research Inst. of Canada, 570 St. John's Boulevard, Pointe Claire, Quebec H9R 3J9 (CA))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Precision SUSY measurements at CERN LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

If supersymmetry exists at the electroweak scale, then it should be discovered at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Determining masses of supersymmetric particles, however, is more difficult. In this paper, methods are discussed to determine combinations of masses and of branching ratios precisely from experimentally observable distributions. In many cases such measurements alone can greatly constrain the particular supersymmetric model and determine its parameters with an accuracy of a few percent. Most of the results shown correspond to one year of running at LHC at low luminosity, 1033 cm-2s-1.

I. Hinchliffe; F. E. Paige; M. D. Shapiro; J. Sderqvist; W. Yao

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Bosonic quartic couplings at CERN LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze the potential of the CERN Large Hadron Collider to study anomalous quartic vector-boson interactions ZZ??, ZZZ?, W+W-??, and W+W-Z? through the weak boson fusion processes qq?qq?? and qq?qq?Z(?l+l-) with l=e or ?. After a careful study of the backgrounds and how to extract them from the data, we show that the process pp?jj?l+l- is potentially the most sensitive to deviations from the standard model, improving the sensitivity to anomalous couplings by up to a factor of 104 (102) with respect to the present direct (indirect) limits.

O. J. P. boli; M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; S. M. Lietti

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

106

Green Petroleum Refining -Mathematical Models for Optimizing Petroleum Refining Under Emission Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green Petroleum Refining - Mathematical Models for Optimizing Petroleum Refining Under Emission understand that my thesis may be made electronically available to the public. #12;iii Abstract Petroleum and treating options for petroleum refinery waste streams. The performance of the developed model

Anderson, Charles H.

107

Parton cascade description of relativistic heavy ion collisions at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron at 158A GeV?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine Pb+Pb collisions at CERN SPS energy 158A GeV by employing the earlier developed and recently refined parton-cascade/cluster-hadronization model and its Monte Carlo implementation. This space-time model involves the dynamical interplay of perturbative QCD parton production and evolution, with nonperturbative parton-cluster formation and hadron production through cluster decays. Using computer simulations, we are able to follow the entwined time evolution of parton and hadron degrees of freedom in both position and momentum space, from the instant of nuclear overlap to the final yield of particles. We present and discuss results for the multiplicity distributions, which agree well with the measured data from the CERN SPS, including those for K mesons. The transverse momentum distributions of the produced hadrons are also found to be in good agreement with the preliminary data measured by the NA49 and WA98 Collaborations for the collision of lead nuclei at the CERN SPS. The analysis of the time evolution of transverse energy deposited in the collision zone and the energy density suggests the existence of partonic matter for a time of more than 5 fm. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Geiger, Klaus [Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)] Kumar Srivastava, Dinesh [Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF Bidhan Nagar, Calcutta 700 064 (India)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Hydrogen Piping Experience in Chevron Refining  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Piping Piping Experience in Chevron Refining Ned Niccolls Materials Engineer Chevron Energy Technology Company Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop August 30-31, 2005 Outline 2 Overall perspectives from long term use of hydrogen piping in refining. Piping specifications and practices. The (few) problem areas. Related industry work: American Petroleum Institute corrosion and materials work on high temperature hydrogen attack. Overall Perspectives 3 Few problems with hydrogen piping operating at ambient to at least 800F and pressures up to at least 3000psia as long as we stay within well- defined limits H2S contamination presents many more problems, beyond the scope of this talk We will note a couple of specific vulnerabilities Refining tracks materials performance in

109

Hydrotreating operations discussed at refining meeting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At the most recent National Petroleum Refiners Association question and answer session on refining and petrochemical technology, refiners and a panel of experts exchanged experiences on hydrotreater operations. Topics addressed included reactor pressurization, scale basket removal, and the use of antifoulants in effluent exchangers. This article presents comments from the panelists on the following questions. (1) What is the industry practice used to speed up the pressurization of 2.25 Cr/1 Mo reactors during start-up? Is there any relationship between reactor skin temperature and pressure used? (2) Has anyone removed scale baskets from a hydrotreating reactor and compared operations before and after? If so, were there any noticeable differences? Why? (3) What is the industry experience with the use of antifoulants for hydrocracking or hydrotreating reactor effluent exchangers?

NONE

1995-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

110

Norwegian Silicon Refining AS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refining AS Refining AS Jump to: navigation, search Name Norwegian Silicon Refining AS Place Oslo, Norway Zip 214 Product Oslo-based company with an upgraded metallurgical silicon (UMG) production process called the Stubergh method. Coordinates 59.91228°, 10.74998° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":59.91228,"lon":10.74998,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

111

1995 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected 5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently by John Zyren, Charles Dale and Charles Riner Introduction The United States has completed its first summer driving season using reformulated gasoline (RFG). Motorists noticed price increases at the retail level, resulting from the increased cost to produce and deliver the product, as well as from the tight sup- ply/demand balance during the summer. This arti- cle focuses on the costs of producing RFG as experienced by different types of refiners and on how these refiners fared this past summer, given the prices for RFG at the refinery gate. RFG Regulatory Requirements The use of RFG is a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA). The CAAA cover a wide range of programs aimed at improving air qual-

112

Two exercises about neutrino departure times at CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two simple exercises are solved, which educators can use to awake interest of their students in subtleties of the CERN Neutrino beam to Grand Sasso (CNGS) experiment. The first one is about the statistical error of the average departure time of neutrinos from CERN. The second one about a hypothetical bias in the departure times.

Bernd A. Berg; Peter Hoeflich

2011-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

113

CERN-TH.6275/91 Monte Carlo Event Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CERN-TH.6275/91 Monte Carlo Event Generation for LHC T. Sj¨ostrand CERN -- Geneva Abstract The necessity of event generators for LHC physics studies is illustrated, and the Monte Carlo approach is outlined. A survey is presented of existing event generators, followed by a more detailed study

Sjöstrand, Torbjörn

114

Con o sin calzn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

era ange- lical. Aun con su bikini verde, el que apenas leen los brazos de ella con su bikini verde. Cuando tengas mi

Lizrraga, W. Enrique

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Refinement of the crystal structure of hydroboracite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1978) ABSTRACT The crystal structure of caysichite was determined and refined to R=0.06, using 959 independentreflec-iions; the space group is CcmZy with a 13,27(L), b 13.91(1),c 9.73G)4,. The crystal chemical formula is Ye(CagREJ...

C. Sabelli; A. Stoppioni

116

Focus on Venezuelan heavy crude: refining margins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Of six crudes refined in the US Gulf Coast, heavy Venezuelan crude Lagunillas (15/sup 0/ API) provides the best margin per barrel. Data for end of December 1983 and the first three weeks of January show that margins on all crudes are on the rise in this market, due to a turnaround in product prices. The lighter crudes are showing the greatest increase in Gross Product Worth. This is having a modest shrinking effect on the margin differential between light and heavy crudes in this market. The domestic crude West Texas Intermediate, at 40/sup 0/ API, provides the highest GPW in this crude slate sample, over US $31 per barrel, compared to GPW of under US $28 per barrel for Lagunillas. Still, as Lagunillas cost about US $8 less than does WTI, refiners with sufficient residue conversion capacity can be earning about US $3.50 more in margin per barrel than they can with WTI. Although few refiners would be using a 15/sup 0/ API crude exclusively for any length of time, heavier oil's inclusion in modern refiners' diets is enhancing their competitive position more than any other single factor. This issue of Energy Detente presents the fuel price/tax series and industrial fuel prices for January 1984 for countries of the Western Hemisphere.

Not Available

1984-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

117

Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications Alan M. Frisch1 , Brahim Hnich2 , Ian choose model transformations to reduce greatly the amount of effort that is required to solve a problem by systematic search. It is a consid- erable challenge to automate such transformations. A problem may be viewed

Walsh, Toby

118

?????? ??? ??????????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ??? 234U ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????????, ???? ??????????? ??????? n_TOF ??? CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At an international level several issues accompany the long-term development of nuclear science and its applications: nuclear waste management, new reactor design, increasingly safety requirements, public acceptance etc. This has triggered many sophisticated R&D activities, such as Accelerator Driven Systems or next generation reactor concepts and enhanced the ongoing effort to expand and improve the existing nuclear data. Among other measurements of special interest, is the neutron capture cross section determination for several isotopes related to the nuclear fuel cycle. This text mainly presents the obtained results from the (n,?) cross section measurement of 234U that was performed at n_TOF facility (CERN). In detail we describe the main features of the facility, the TAC (Total Absorption Calorimeter) detection arrangement and its performance under specific experimental conditions. Results in the form of R-matrix resonance parameters and cross sections are discussed in parallel with the existing ENDF...

Lampoudis, Christos

119

The BGU/CERN solar hydrothermal reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a novel solar hydrothermal reactor (SHR) under development by Ben Gurion University (BGU) and the European Organization for Nuclear Research CERN. We describe in broad terms the several novel aspects of the device and, by extension, of the niche it occupies: in particular, enabling direct off-grid conversion of a range of organic feedstocks to sterile useable (solid, liquid) fuels, nutrients, products using only solar energy and water. We then provide a brief description of the high temperature high efficiency panels that provide process heat to the hydrothermal reactor, and review the basics of hydrothermal processes and conversion taking place in this. We conclude with a description of a simulation of the pilot system that will begin operation later this year.

Bertolucci, Sergio; Caspers, Fritz; Garb, Yaakov; Gross, Amit; Pauletta, Stefano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Black hole chromosphere at the CERN LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

If the scale of quantum gravity is near a TeV, black holes will be copiously produced at the CERN LHC. In this work we study the main properties of the light descendants of these black holes. We show that the emitted partons are closely spaced outside the horizon, and hence they do not fragment into hadrons in vacuum but more likely into a kind of quark-gluon plasma. Consequently, the thermal emission occurs far from the horizon, at a temperature characteristic of the QCD scale. We analyze the energy spectrum of the particles emerging from the chromosphere, and find that the hard hadronic jets are almost entirely suppressed. They are replaced by an isotropic distribution of soft photons and hadrons, with hundreds of particles in the GeV range. This provides a new distinctive signature for black hole events at LHC.

Luis Anchordoqui and Haim Goldberg

2003-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Discovering chiral Higgsinos at the CERN LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of chirality is extended to the minimal supersymmetric standard model and the ?-term is forbidden by a gauged U(1)? symmetry. R-parity automatically emerges after symmetry breaking, suppressing proton decay and protecting the lightest supersymmetric particle. Exotics charged under the standard model pose a challenge to traditional SU(5) unification, but unification is still implemented in deconstructed grand unified theories. Because of the multitude of additional states to the minimal supersymmetric standard model, the Z? has a large width, and the standard model background, neglected in previous theoretical studies, becomes important for Z? discovery. As a result, the CERN LHC reach is reduced from 3.2TeV, for a Z? with standard model decays, to 1.5TeV, when additional decay channels are included. This model also predicts possibly long-lived colored and electroweak exotics.

Asimina Arvanitaki

2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

122

Using supercritical fluids to refine hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This is a method to reactively refine hydrocarbons, such as heavy oils with API gravities of less than 20.degree. and bitumen-like hydrocarbons with viscosities greater than 1000 cp at standard temperature and pressure using a selected fluid at supercritical conditions. The reaction portion of the method delivers lighter weight, more volatile hydrocarbons to an attached contacting device that operates in mixed subcritical or supercritical modes. This separates the reaction products into portions that are viable for use or sale without further conventional refining and hydro-processing techniques. This method produces valuable products with fewer processing steps, lower costs, increased worker safety due to less processing and handling, allow greater opportunity for new oil field development and subsequent positive economic impact, reduce related carbon dioxide, and wastes typical with conventional refineries.

Yarbro, Stephen Lee

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

123

Improve corrosion control in refining processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New guidelines show how to control corrosion and environmental cracking of process equipment when processing feedstocks containing sulfur and/or naphthenic acids. To be cost competitive refiners must be able to process crudes of opportunity. These feedstocks when processed under high temperatures and pressures and alkaline conditions can cause brittle cracks and blisters in susceptible steel-fabricated equipment. Even with advances in steel metallurgy, wet H{sub 2}S cracking continues to be a problem. New research data shows that process conditions such as temperature, pH and flowrate are key factors in the corrosion process. Before selecting equipment material, operators must understand the corrosion mechanisms present within process conditions. Several case histories investigate the corrosion reactions found when refining naphthenic crudes and operating amine gas-sweetening systems. These examples show how to use process controls, inhibitors and/or metallurgy to control corrosion and environmental cracking, to improve material selection and to extend equipment service life.

Kane, R.D.; Cayard, M.S. [CLI International, Houston, TX (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Parabolic refined invariants and Macdonald polynomials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A string theoretic derivation is given for the conjecture of Hausel, Letellier, and Rodriguez-Villegas on the cohomology of character varieties with marked points. Their formula is identified with a refined BPS expansion in the stable pair theory of a local root stack, generalizing previous work of the first two authors in collaboration with G. Pan. Haiman's geometric construction for Macdonald polynomials is shown to emerge naturally in this context via geometric engineering. In particular this yields a new conjectural relation between Macdonald polynomials and refined local orbifold curve counting invariants. The string theoretic approach also leads to a new spectral cover construction for parabolic Higgs bundles in terms of holomorphic symplectic orbifolds.

Chuang, Wu-yen; Donagi, Ron; Pantev, Tony

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Genealogy of major U.S. refiners - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

See full Genealogy of Major U.S. Refiners Previous Release Genealogy of Major U.S. Refiners Genealogy of Major U.S. Refiners Release date: September 18, 2013 figre 1. World energy consumption, 1990-2040. The structure of the U.S. petroleum refining industry has changed substantially over the past several years. In the diagram the companies shown on the right side are presently active in U.S. refining. The transactions over the past 25 years that created these companies also are shown. The transactions included here may be as little as a single refinery, or as much as all the refining assets of the parties to the transaction. Transactions that include less than all refining assets are indicated by vertical dotted lines while vertical solid lines indicate that all refining assets are included. Additionally,

126

Grain Refinement of Permanent Mold Cast Copper Base Alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grain refinement is a well established process for many cast and wrought alloys. The mechanical properties of various alloys could be enhanced by reducing the grain size. Refinement is also known to improve casting characteristics such as fluidity and hot tearing. Grain refinement of copper-base alloys is not widely used, especially in sand casting process. However, in permanent mold casting of copper alloys it is now common to use grain refinement to counteract the problem of severe hot tearing which also improves the pressure tightness of plumbing components. The mechanism of grain refinement in copper-base alloys is not well understood. The issues to be studied include the effect of minor alloy additions on the microstructure, their interaction with the grain refiner, effect of cooling rate, and loss of grain refinement (fading). In this investigation, efforts were made to explore and understand grain refinement of copper alloys, especially in permanent mold casting conditions.

M.Sadayappan; J.P.Thomson; M.Elboujdaini; G.Ping Gu; M. Sahoo

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Hardware/Software Co-Design via Specification Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The Rosetta refinement capability extends this by allowing a system's functional behavior and its implementation details to be described separately. The Rosetta Refinement Tool combines the functional behavior and the implementation details to form a system...

Peck, Wesley Graham

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

128

5.841 Crystal Structure Refinement, Fall 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course in crystal structure refinement examines the practical aspects of crystal structure determination from data collection strategies to data reduction and basic and advanced refinement problems of organic and ...

Mueller, Peter

129

5.067 Crystal Structure Refinement, Fall 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course in crystal structure refinement examines the practical aspects of crystal structure determination from data collection strategies to data reduction and basic and advanced refinement problems of organic and ...

Mueller, Peter

130

Verification of microarchitectural refinements in rule-based systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microarchitectural refinements are often required to meet performance, area, or timing constraints when designing complex digital systems. While refinements are often straightforward to implement, it is difficult to formally ...

Dave, Nirav H.

131

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows Ralf Hartmann, Joachim Held-oriented mesh refinement for single and multiple aerodynamic force coefficients as well as residual-based mesh refinement applied to various three-dimensional lam- inar and turbulent aerodynamic test cases defined

Hartmann, Ralf

132

Neutralino decays at the CERN LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the distribution of lepton pairs from the second lightest neutralino decay ??20???10l+l-. This decay mode is important to measure the mass difference between ??20 and the lightest neutralino ??10, which helps to determine the parameters of the minimal supersymmetric standard model at the CERN LHC. We found that the decay distribution strongly depends on the values of underlying MSSM parameters. For some extreme cases, the amplitude near the end point of the lepton invariant mass distribution can be suppressed so strongly that one needs the information of the whole mll distribution to extract m??20-m??10. On the other hand, if systematic errors on the acceptance can be controlled, this distribution can be used to constrain slepton masses and the Z??20??10 coupling. Measurements of the velocity distribution of ??20 from samples near the end point of the mll distribution, and of the asymmetry of the pT of leptons, would be useful to reduce the systematic errors.

Mihoko M. Nojiri and Youichi Yamada

1999-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

133

Torsion phenomenology at the CERN LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We explore the potential of the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to test the dynamical torsion parameters. The form of the torsion action can be established from the requirements of consistency of effective quantum field theory. The most phenomenologically relevant part of the torsion tensor is dual to a massive axial vector field. This axial vector has geometric nature, that means it does not belong to any representation of the gauge group of the SM extension or GUT theory. At the same time, torsion should interact with all fermions, that opens the way for the phenomenological applications. We demonstrate that LHC collider can establish unique constraints on the interactions between fermions and torsion field considerably exceeding present experimental lower bounds on the torsion couplings and its mass. It is also shown how possible nonuniversal nature of torsion couplings due to the renormalization group running between the Planck and TeV energy scales can be tested via the combined analysis of Drell-Yan and tt production processes.

A. S. Belyaev; I. L. Shapiro; M. A. B. do Vale

2007-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

134

CERN Winter School on Supergravity, Strings, and Gauge Theory 2010  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The CERN Winter School on Supergravity, Strings, and Gauge Theory is the analytic continuation of the yearly training school of the former EC-RTN string network "Constituents, Fundamental Forces and Symmetries of the Universe". The 2010 edition of the school is supported and organized by the CERN Theory Divison, and will take place from Monday January 25 to Friday January 29, at CERN. As its predecessors, this school is meant primarily for training of doctoral students and young postdoctoral researchers in recent developments in theoretical high-energy physics and string theory. The programme of the school will consist of five series of pedagogical lectures, complemented by tutorial discussion sessions in the afternoons. Previous schools in this series were organized in 2005 at SISSA in Trieste, and in 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 at CERN, Geneva. Other similar schools have been organized in the past by the former related RTN network "The Quantum Structure of Spacetime and the Geometric Nature of Fundamental Interactions". This edition of the school is not funded by the European Union. The school is funded by the CERN Theory Division, and the Arnold Sommerfeld Center at Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich. Scientific committee: M. Gaberdiel, D. Luest, A. Sevrin, J. Simon, K. Stelle, S. Theisen, A. Uranga, A. Van Proeyen, E. Verlinde Local organizers: A. Uranga, J. Walcher

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

135

Renewable Energy Project Refinement Webinar | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Renewable Energy Project Refinement Webinar Renewable Energy Project Refinement Webinar Renewable Energy Project Refinement Webinar May 28, 2014 11:00AM MDT Attendees will become familiar with the three components of project refinement: project financing strategies, off-taker agreements, and vendor selection. Project refinement obstacles, particularly financing, can deter the deployment of renewable energy projects on tribal lands. Attendees will learn about the financial resources and ownership options available-including venture capital and innovative financing-that can help Tribes overcome longstanding barriers and attract higher levels of private investment. Finally, attendees will learn how project refinement can accelerate renewable energy development and, with it, tribal economic and community development. There is no cost to attend the webinar, but

136

A CSP Account of Event-B Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Event-B provides a flexible framework for stepwise system development via refinement. The framework supports steps for (a) refining events (one-by-one), (b) splitting events (one-by-many), and (c) introducing new events. In each of the steps events can moreover possibly be anticipated or convergent. All such steps are accompanied with precise proof obligations. Still, it remains unclear what the exact relationship - in terms of a behaviour-oriented semantics - between an Event-B machine and its refinement is. In this paper, we give a CSP account of Event-B refinement, with a treatment for the first time of splitting events and of anticipated events. To this end, we define a CSP semantics for Event-B and show how the different forms of Event-B refinement can be captured as CSP refinement.

Schneider, Steve; Wehrheim, Heike; 10.4204/EPTCS.55.9

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Refinement of synchroton spectral tip calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Refinements in the computing techniques were performed in the calculation of transition rates to the ground and first excited states in magnetic bremsstrahlung via the use of exact matrix elements. The above calculations were carried out to double precision on a UNIVAC 1108 computer as was the calculation of transition rates to the second excited state. Empirical formulas are given for the transition rates from arbitrary upper states to the ground state, first excited state, and the second excited state for arbitrary magnetic field strengths. In addition the relative probabilities of transitions from level three to the remaining three lower levels is investigated in detail in the vicinity of the quantum-mechanical critical field, and the spectral tip structure for an electron in state n?1 is viewed in this high-field regime.

D. White

1978-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policy Impacts Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/0,,contentMDK:2298 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/renewable-energy-financial-instrument Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Training & Education Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) aims to assist policy in identifying appropriate financial instruments to scale-up

139

New Process for Grain Refinement of Aluminum. Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new method of grain refining aluminum involving in-situ formation of boride nuclei in molten aluminum just prior to casting has been developed in the subject DOE program over the last thirty months by a team consisting of JDC, Inc., Alcoa Technical Center, GRAS, Inc., Touchstone Labs, and GKS Engineering Services. The Manufacturing process to make boron trichloride for grain refining is much simpler than preparing conventional grain refiners, with attendant environmental, capital, and energy savings. The manufacture of boride grain refining nuclei using the fy-Gem process avoids clusters, salt and oxide inclusions that cause quality problems in aluminum today.

Dr. Joseph A. Megy

2000-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

140

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

ITP Petroleum Refining: Technology Roadmap for the Petroleum...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technology Roadmap for the Petroleum Industry ITP Petroleum Refining: Technology Roadmap for the Petroleum Industry petroleumroadmap.pdf More Documents & Publications ITP Aluminum:...

142

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

143

,"U.S. Total Refiner Petroleum Product Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

NUSDPG","EMAEPPRLPWGNUSDPG","EMAEPPRHPWGNUSDPG" "Date","U.S. Total Gasoline WholesaleResale Price by Refiners (Dollars per Gallon)","U.S. Aviation Gasoline Wholesale...

144

Table 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prices," source for backcast estimates prior to January 1983. 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices 36 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

145

Table 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prices," source for backcast estimates prior to January 1983. 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices 36 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

146

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

147

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

148

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

149

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

- - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 292 Energy Information...

150

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

151

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

152

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

153

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

154

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

155

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

156

CERN openlab Whitepaper on Future IT Challenges in Scientific Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This whitepaper describes the major IT challenges in scientific research at CERN and several other European and international research laboratories and projects. Each challenge is exemplified through a set of concrete use cases drawn from the requirements of large-scale scientific programs. The paper is based on contributions from many researchers and IT experts of the participating laboratories and also input from the existing CERN openlab industrial sponsors. The views expressed in this document are those of the individual contributors and do not necessarily reflect the view of their organisations and/or affiliates.

Di Meglio, Alberto; Purcell, Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

E-Print Network 3.0 - au cern language Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Inthisissue News AMS: From the ISS to CERN 1 A word from the DG: Passing the baton 1 LHC... , and extra dimensions 4 CERN inspires 2011 edition of the ARS Elec- tronica Digital...

158

Japan is cool to request to help pay to run CERN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... suggestion by the head of the European Laboratory for Particle Phys-ics (CERN) that Japan should contribute to the running costs of the Geneva-based labo-ratory has received a ... by CERN officials last year (see Na-ture 359, 5; 1992), suggested that Japan should contribute 2.5 per cent of CERN's operating costs, or about SFr25 ...

David Swinbanks

1993-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

159

11 California Petroleum Supply, Transportation, Refining and Marketing Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 California Petroleum Supply, Transportation, Refining and Marketing Trends Chapter 2 CALIFORNIA PETROLEUM SUPPLY, TRANSPORTATION, REFINING AND MARKETING TRENDS INTRODUCTION California is an integral part of the world oil market as a world-scale petroleum consumer. Historically, about 50 percent of this petroleum

160

fCourse: Learn to Swim Level 5: Stroke Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fCourse: Learn to Swim Level 5: Stroke Refinement Purpose To further learn how to coordinate and refine strokes Prerequisites Valid American Red Cross Learn-to-Swim Level 4: Fundamental Aquatic Skills Shallow-angle dive from the side then glide and begin a front stroke Tuck and pike surface dives, submerge

Hemmers, Oliver

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

On Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Atmospheric Pollution Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Atmospheric Pollution Models Emil M. Constantinescu and Adrian Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005 #12;On Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Atmospheric Pollution Models 799 res- olution system for modeling regional air pollution based on the chemical transport model STEM

Sandu, Adrian

162

Refining Landscape Change Models through Outlier Analysis in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Refining Landscape Change Models through Outlier Analysis in the Muskegon Watershed of Michigan significantly to the state economy, accounting for nearly 20% of its economic output (Michigan Land Use, 1965; Lee, 1973; Wegener, 1994), and model refinement/advancement, in large part due to advances

Walker, Robert T.

163

Proton-antiproton physics at the CERN intersecting storage rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The storing of antiprotons in the CERN ISR allowed the comparison of proton-proton and proton-antiproton interactions through a variety of reactions ranging from total cross section measurements to hard scattering processes. This article reviews the results obtained at the ISR on such comparisons.

Leslie Camilleri

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Japan is first non-CERN contributor to LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... 5 billion (US$60 million) towards the construction of Europe's Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Japan is the first foreign country not belonging to the European Laboratory for Particle ... country not belonging to the European Laboratory for Particle Physics (CERN) to back the LHC. The contribution in cash will be drawn from a supplementary budget of 2,726 ...

David Swinbanks

1995-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

165

Refined BPS state counting from Nekrasov's formula and Macdonald functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been argued that the Nekrasov's partition function gives the generating function of refined BPS state counting in the compactification of M theory on local Calabi-Yau spaces. We show that a refined version of the topological vertex we proposed before (hep-th/0502061) is a building block of the Nekrasov's partition function with two equivariant parameters. Compared with another refined topological vertex by Iqbal-Kozcaz-Vafa (hep-th/0701156), our refined vertex is expressed entirely in terms of the specialization of the Macdonald symmetric functions which is related to the equivariant character of the Hilbert scheme of points on C^2. We provide diagrammatic rules for computing the partition function from the web diagrams appearing in geometric engineering of Yang-Mills theory with eight supercharges. Our refined vertex has a simple transformation law under the flop operation of the diagram, which suggests that homological invariants of the Hopf link are related to the Macdonald functions.

Hidetoshi Awata; Hiroaki Kanno

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

166

The response of mechanical and chemical pulps to refining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on theoretical equations describing the flow of pulp in refiners were used to analyze the experimental results obtained in a series of pilot plant trials. Western red cedar and loblolly pine wood chips were refined in 1-3 stages at rotational speeds of 1200 and 1800 rpm to produce thermomechanical pulps (TMP). Also, sulfate semibleached and low-yield sulfite pulps were refined at low (5%), medium (12%), and high (25%) consistency. The results indicate that the number of refining stages did not affect mechanical pulp quality. At a given specific energy, increasing the rotational speed increased the specific energy per impact and decreased the total number of impacts, resulting in a faster rate of fines generation for mechanical pulps. For chemical pulps higher pulp consistency produced gentler refining and yielded a higher rate of freeness decrease.

Miles, K.B.; Karnis, A. (Pulp and Paper Research Inst. of Canada, 570 St. John's Rd., Pointe Claire, Quebec H9R 3J9 (CA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Steel refining with an electrochemical cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for processing a metallic fluid containing iron oxide, container for a molten metal including an electrically conductive refractory disposed for contact with the molten metal which contains iron oxide, an electrolyte in the form of a basic slag on top of the molten metal, an electrode in the container in contact with the slag electrically separated from the refractory, and means for establishing a voltage across the refractory and the electrode to reduce iron oxide to iron at the surface of the refractory in contact with the iron oxide containing fluid. A process is disclosed for refining an iron product containing not more than about 10% by weight oxygen and not more than about 10% by weight sulfur, comprising providing an electrolyte of a slag containing one or more of calcium oxide, magnesium oxide, silica or alumina, providing a cathode of the iron product in contact with the electrolyte, providing an anode in contact with the electrolyte electrically separated from the cathode, and operating an electrochemical cell formed by the anode, the cathode and the electrolyte to separate oxygen or sulfur present in the iron product therefrom.

Blander, Milton (Palos Park, IL); Cook, Glenn M. (Naperville, IL)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Life Cycle Carbon Footprint of Re-Refined versus Base Oil That Is Not Re-Refined  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study showed that global warming potential was lower for all five re-refining techniques considered compared to the production of base oil in standard refineries. ... Safety-Kleen, the largest used oil re-refiner in North America, collects and re-refines used oil into approximately 100,000,000 gallons of base oil per year. ... Figure 4 presents the re-refined carbon footprint-based oil GHG emissions for re-refinery system yields of 50% (equivalent to two gallons of use over a gallon of base oils lifetime; 50% burden from virgin base oil input) to 100% (infinite re-refining; no burden from virgin base oil input). ...

Lisa N. Grice; Carolyn E. Nobel; Lin Longshore; Ramsay Huntley; Ashley L. DeVierno

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

169

Changing System Interfaces Consistently: a New Refinement Strategy for CSP B  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Changing System Interfaces Consistently: a New Refinement Strategy for CSP B Steve Schneider refinement in the context of CSP B. Our motivation to include this notion of refinement within the CSP B to change the events of a CSP process and the B machines when refining a system. Notions of refinement based

Doran, Simon J.

170

Sewage Sludge, Pros & Cons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sewage Sludge, Pros & Cons ... Efficient Hydrogen Sulfide Adsorbents Obtained by Pyrolysis of Sewage Sludge Derived Fertilizer Modified with Spent Mineral Oil ... Efficient Hydrogen Sulfide Adsorbents Obtained by Pyrolysis of Sewage Sludge Derived Fertilizer Modified with Spent Mineral Oil ...

Rebecca Renner

2011-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

171

WATCH LIVE: Talking the Higgs Boson with CERN | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

WATCH LIVE: Talking the Higgs Boson with CERN WATCH LIVE: Talking the Higgs Boson with CERN WATCH LIVE: Talking the Higgs Boson with CERN September 13, 2012 - 2:33pm Addthis WATCH LIVE: Talking the Higgs Boson with CERN Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Where do I watch? To watch this livestream, go to energy.gov/live. Tune in to a special livestream at energy.gov/live on Friday, Sept. 14 at 10 a.m. ET for a science lecture about the Higgs boson with Joe Incandela, head spokesperson for the CMS experiment at CERN's Large Hadron Collider. Hosted by Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, tune in to the livestream to hear about the research conducted by CERN and the Energy Department. Addthis Related Articles WATCH LIVE: Talking the Higgs Boson with CERN

172

Table 24. Refining Industry Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- Corrections to Tables 24 to 32 - Corrections to Tables 24 to 32 Table 24. Refining Industry Energy Consumption 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2002- 2025 Carbon Dioxide Emissions 4/ (million metric tons) 190.4 185.7 188.0 191.3 207.3 215.6 220.0 222.8 225.1 226.3 228.0 230.7 234.1 237.5 238.5 239.4 239.4 238.6 240.6 240.5 242.2 244.2 245.9 246.3 246.6 1.2% Table 25. Food Industry Energy Consumption 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2002- 2025 Carbon Dioxide Emissions 3/ (million metric tons) 87.8 89.4 87.5 87.8 89.2 90.2 90.9 91.4 92.2 93.5 94.5 95.7 96.7 97.7 98.6 99.6 100.8 101.9 102.9 104.1 105.4 107.0 108.7 110.3 112.1 1.0% Table 26. Paper Industry Energy Consumption 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

173

,"Weekly Refiner Net Production"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Net Production" Refiner Net Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Weekly Refiner Net Production",21,"Weekly","12/13/2013","6/4/2010" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_wprodr_s1_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_wprodr_s1_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 10:39:21 AM"

174

Upgrade of the cryogenic CERN RF test facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the large number of superconducting radiofrequency (RF) cryomodules to be tested for the former LEP and the present LHC accelerator a RF test facility was erected early in the 1990s in the largest cryogenic test facility at CERN located at Point 18. This facility consisted of four vertical test stands for single cavities and originally one and then two horizontal test benches for RF cryomodules operating at 4.5 K in saturated helium. CERN is presently working on the upgrade of its accelerator infrastructure, which requires new superconducting cavities operating below 2 K in saturated superfluid helium. Consequently, the RF test facility has been renewed in order to allow efficient cavity and cryomodule tests in superfluid helium and to improve its thermal performances. The new RF test facility is described and its performances are presented.

Pirotte, O.; Benda, V.; Brunner, O.; Inglese, V.; Maesen, P.; Vullierme, B. [CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Koettig, T. [ESS - European Spallation Source, Box 176, 221 00 Lund (Sweden)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

175

Co-generation at CERN Beneficial or not?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A co-generation plant for the combined production of electricity and heat has recently been installed on the CERN Meyrin site. This plant consists of: a gas turbine generator set (GT-set), a heat recovery boiler for the connection to the CERN primary heating network, as well as various components for the integration on site. A feasibility study was carried out and based on the argument that the combined use of natural gas -available anyhow for heating purposes- gives an attractively high total efficiency, which will, in a period of time, pay off the investment. This report will explain and update the calculation model, thereby confirming the benefits of the project. The results from the commissioning tests will be taken into account, as well as the benefits to be realized under the condition that the plant can operate undisturbed by technical setbacks which, incidentally, has not been entirely avoided during the first year of test-run and operation.

Wilhelmsson, M

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Studies of the refining of crude cottonseed oil and its solutions in commercial hexane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Different Concentrations of Caustic Soda................ 55 17. Refining of Diluted Cottonseed Oil-Hexane Fiscellas with 24? Re' Caustic Soda................................. 5^ Page LIST OF FIGURES (Continued) 18. Refining of FFOHR Cottonseed Oil.................................................... .65 21. Refining Cottonseed Oil Kiscellas with Ammonia Gas Followed by Caustic Re-refining......................... 67 22. Ammonium Hydroxide Refining of Cottonseed Oil-Hexane Kiscellas and Re-refining with 2.5$ of 20? Be' Caustic Soda...

Zeitoun, Mohamed Ali

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

177

Developing Refined Products Storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Refined Products Storage in the Strategic Petroleum Refined Products Storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Developing Refined Products Storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve May 12, 2009 - 3:14pm Addthis Statement of David F. Johnson, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Petroleum Reserves before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate. Mr. Chairman and members of the Committee, I am pleased to be here today to discuss the issue of developing refined products storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. As you know, the SPR was established by Congress through passage of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act in 1975 in response to the Arab oil embargoes. The primary policy of the U.S. petroleum stockpiling program has been to store crude oil. The SPR has served to protect our Nation from crude oil supply interruptions for over three

178

Secretary Bodman Tours Refinery and Calls for More Domestic Refining  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tours Refinery and Calls for More Domestic Tours Refinery and Calls for More Domestic Refining Capacity Secretary Bodman Tours Refinery and Calls for More Domestic Refining Capacity May 18, 2006 - 10:43am Addthis Highlights President Bush's Four-Point Plan to Combat High Energy Prices PORT ARTHUR, TX - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today renewed the call for expanded oil refining capacity in the United States and discussed additional steps the Department of Energy (DOE) is taking to prepare for the upcoming hurricane season. Secretary Bodman made the statements after touring the Motiva Refinery in Port Arthur, Texas. "We need a more robust energy sector; and one way to do that is to strengthen and expand our domestic oil refining capacity. We're hopeful that Motiva will continue to work to expand their capacity to 600,000

179

,"U.S. Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Refiner...

180

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

133.6 - 276.4 See footnotes at end of table. 220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

201.3 - 453.3 See footnotes at end of table. 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

182

Wind Simulation Refinement: Some New Challenges for Particle Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present two new challenges related to the stochastic downscaling method (SDM) that we applied to wind simulation refinement in Bernardin et al. (Stoch....Particle in Cell methods. Then we turn to the uniform d...

C. Chauvin; F. Bernardin; M. Bossy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Gulf Coast refiners gain access to more California crudes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Refiners east of the Rockies, particularly Gulf Coast refiners, have gained access to easter and central California crudes with the opening of Celeron Corp.'s All American Pipeline (AAPL). Currently, AAPL is carrying a blend of California crudes with properties similar to Alaskan North Slope (ANS). Although the blend is moderate gravity and sulfur content, it is comprised of crudes from several fields in California that display wide variations in quality. Future deliveries east from California will be from regions with even more extremes of quality. To familiarize refiners with the crudes that will become available, some of the properties of these California crudes are discussed, along with some of the problems refiners may encounter in processing these materials.

Vautrain, J.H.; Sanderson, W.J.

1988-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

184

,"U.S. Total Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crude Oil" "Sourcekey","R00003","R12003","R13003" "Date","U.S. Crude Oil Composite Acquisition Cost by Refiners (Dollars per Barrel)","U.S. Crude Oil Domestic...

185

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows Ralf Hartmann1 and Paul Houston2 1 Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology DLR (German Aerospace Center) Lilienthalplatz 7

Hartmann, Ralf

186

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

S O N D 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 1995 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices and...

187

May 28 Webinar to Focus on Tribal Energy Project Refinement  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Register for the Tribal Renewable Energy Project Refinement webinar, which will be held on Wednesday, May 28, 2014, from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Mountain time.

188

Efficient Parallel Refinement for Hierarchical Radiosity on a DSM computer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient Parallel Refinement for Hierarchical Radiosity on a DSM computer François X. Sillion memory (DSM) parallel architecture. Our task definition is based on a very fine grain decompo- sition

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

189

LCA of a spent lube oil Re-refining process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although re-refining of spent lubricating oils (used oils) has been practiced with varying technical and commercial success for over the past 50 years, a sustainable processing technology has yet to become widely accepted. Poor on-stream efficiency, inconsistent product quality, and careless management of feedstock contaminants and byproducts have often resulted in widespread environmental problems and poor economics. Environmentally-conscious design of processes and products is increasingly viewed as an integral strategy in the sustainable development of new refining and chemical processes. Life cycle assessment is becoming the preferred methodology for comparing the environmental impacts of competing processes. A life cycle analyses of a promising new re-refining technology, the HyLubeTM process, has been undertaken to quantify the intrinsic benefits of HyLube re-refining over the current practice of recovering used oils for fuel value

Tom N. Kalnes; David R. Shonnard; Andreas Schuppel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

The crisis in Kuwait and U. S. refiners' travail  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The August 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait on the part of Iraq has set in motion an accelerated domino affect in US fuels markets. The impact on US refiners has been generally negative, both in terms of margins and perceptions of same. This issue of Energy Detente (ED) updates a few directional indicators that affect refining margins and considers longer-term refining capacity requirements in the US. ED feels the invasion of Kuwait might force oil companies to allocate more talent, time, and financial resources to public affairs. This issue also contains the following: (1) The ED Refining Netback Data Series for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of Aug. 24, 1990; and (2) the ED Fuel Price/Tax Series for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere Aug. 1990 edition. 4 figs., 5 tabs.

Not Available

1990-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

191

CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF SOLVENT REFINED COAL TO LIQUID PRODUCTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I. Solvent Refined Coal II. Catalysts III. Purpose andSondreal, E.A. , "Viscosity of Coal Liquids - The Effect ofAnthraxylon - Kinetics of Coal Hydrogenation," Ind. and Eng.

Tanner, K.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,026.7 W W 234.5 161.7 - 396.3 See footnotes at end of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information...

193

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,222.4 W W 206.4 134.3 - 340.7 See footnotes at end of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information...

194

Polygons in Buildings and their Refined Side Lengths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1999. [Bro] K. Brown, Buildings, Springer, 1989. [BuBI] D.AMS, 2001. [D] M. Davis, Buildings are CAT(0), in Geometryat Springerlink.com POLYGONS IN BUILDINGS AND THEIR REFINED

Kapovich, Michael; Leeb, Bernhard; Millson, John J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells - Refining the Message Initiating a National Dialogue and Educational Agenda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Refining the Message Initiating aApril 1, 2005 Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Refining the Messagethe communication problem. Hydrogen and fuel cells have now

Eggert, Anthony; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom; Ogden, Joan M; Sperling, Dan; Winston, Emily

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Former Corporation/Refiner Total Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Former Corporation/Refiner Former Corporation/Refiner Total Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (bbl/cd) New Corporation/Refiner Date of Sale Table 12. Refinery Sales During 2012 Antelope Refining LLC Garco Energy LLC 3/12 Douglas, WY 3,800 Delta Air Lines/Monroe Energy LLC ConocoPhillips Company 4/12 Trainer, PA 185,000 Phillips 66 Company ConocoPhillips Company 5/12 Belle Chasse, LA 252,000 Billings, MT 59,000 Ferndale, WA 101,000 Linden, NJ 238,000 Ponca City, OK 198,400 Rodeo, CA 120,200 Sweeny, TX 247,000 Westlake, LA 239,400 Wilmington, CA 139,000 Nustar Asphalt LLC (50% Nustar Energy LP and 50% Lindsay Goldberg LLC) Nustar Energy LP/Nustar Asphalt Refining LLC 9/12 Paulsboro, NJ 70,000 Savannah, GA 28,000 Carlyle Group/Philadelphia Energy Solutions Refining and Marketing LLC Sunoco Inc./Sunoco Inc. R&M

197

U.S. CMS - U.S. CMS @ Work - Working at CERN - Computers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computers Computers User accounts on CERN central computer services CERN has various "central services" (LXPLUS - Linux, NICE - MS Windows, etc...) which provide centralized file backup and a set of standard applications. All Unix services use AFS (Andrew File System) which allows users to access all Unix hardware platforms with the same username and password - accounts must be specifically added for each platform on which you wish to work. You must first register with the CERN User's Office before an account on the CERN central Services can be created for you. Once you are a registered CERN User, you'll need to fill out a CERN Computer Center Registration Form (available in the US CMS Project Office) which should be signed by your computer group administrator. The computer group

198

CERN Offers UN Advice on Bringing Women into Science | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CERN Offers UN Advice on Bringing Women into Science CERN Offers UN Advice on Bringing Women into Science CERN Offers UN Advice on Bringing Women into Science April 15, 2013 - 1:50pm Q&A What are your recommendations for engaging more women and girls in STEM careers? Tell Us Addthis Courtesy of: Michael Hoch / CERN Courtesy of: Michael Hoch / CERN Editor's Note: This article was originally published in Symmetry Magazine, a publication of the Office of Science, by Kelly Izlar. European physics laboratory CERN dedicated its first act as an observer to the United Nations General Assembly to addressing the disparity between the number of men and women who build careers in science. Graduate students Kate Pachal of the University of Oxford, Barbara Millan Mejias of the University of Zurich and Sarah Seif El Nasr from the

199

CERN Multimedia Now Playing at DOE's ScienceCinema | OSTI, US Dept of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

CERN Multimedia Now Playing at DOE's ScienceCinema CERN Multimedia Now Playing at DOE's ScienceCinema NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: Cathey Daniels, (865) 576-9539 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE May 25, 2011 CERN Multimedia Now Playing at DOE's ScienceCinema Oak Ridge, TN - CERN's voices and videos are now searchable via ScienceCinema (see Office of Science announcement). The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has long had a productive relationship with CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research. Today, that partnership reached a new level of scientific collaboration, thanks to CERN's opening of its scientific multimedia collections to searches by ScienceCinema. ScienceCinema was developed by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) to allow the spoken words of video recordings to be searched in precise and time-saving fashion. It uses the Microsoft Research

200

GRAIN REFINEMENT OF PERMANENT MOLD CAST COPPER BASE ALLOYS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grain refinement behavior of copper alloys cast in permanent molds was investigated. This is one of the least studied subjects in copper alloy castings. Grain refinement is not widely practiced for leaded copper alloys cast in sand molds. Aluminum bronzes and high strength yellow brasses, cast in sand and permanent molds, were usually fine grained due to the presence of more than 2% iron. Grain refinement of the most common permanent mold casting alloys, leaded yellow brass and its lead-free replacement EnviroBrass III, is not universally accepted due to the perceived problem of hard spots in finished castings and for the same reason these alloys contain very low amounts of iron. The yellow brasses and Cu-Si alloys are gaining popularity in North America due to their low lead content and amenability for permanent mold casting. These alloys are prone to hot tearing in permanent mold casting. Grain refinement is one of the solutions for reducing this problem. However, to use this technique it is necessary to understand the mechanism of grain refinement and other issues involved in the process. The following issues were studied during this three year project funded by the US Department of Energy and the copper casting industry: (1) Effect of alloying additions on the grain size of Cu-Zn alloys and their interaction with grain refiners; (2) Effect of two grain refining elements, boron and zirconium, on the grain size of four copper alloys, yellow brass, EnviroBrass II, silicon brass and silicon bronze and the duration of their effect (fading); (3) Prediction of grain refinement using cooling curve analysis and use of this method as an on-line quality control tool; (4) Hard spot formation in yellow brass and EnviroBrass due to grain refinement; (5) Corrosion resistance of the grain refined alloys; (6) Transfer the technology to permanent mold casting foundries; It was found that alloying elements such as tin and zinc do not change the grain size of Cu-Zn alloys. Aluminum promoted b phase formation and modified the grain structure from dendritic to equiaxed. Lead or bismuth reduces the size of grains, but not change the morphology of the structure in Cu-Zn alloys. The grain size of the Cu-Zn-alloy can be reduced from 3000 mm to 300 mm after the addition of aluminum and lead. Similar effects were observed in EnviroBrass III after the addition of aluminum and bismuth. Boron refined the structure of yellow brasses in the presence of iron. At least 50 ppm of iron and 3 ppm of boron are necessary to cause grain refinement in these alloys. Precipitation of iron from the melt is identified as the cause of grain refinement. Boron initiates the precipitation of iron which could not be explained at this time. On the other hand zirconium causes some reduction in grain size in all four alloys investigated. The critical limit for the zirconium was found to be around 100 ppm below which not much refinement could be observed. The mechanism of grain refinement in the presence of zirconium could not be explained. Grain refinement by boron and iron can remain over a long period of time, at least for 72 hours of holding or after remelting few times. It is necessary to have the iron and boron contents above the critical limits mentioned earlier. On the other hand, refinement by zirconium is lost quite rapidly, some times within one hour of holding, mostly due to the loss of zirconium, most probably by oxidation, from the melt. In all the cases it is possible to revive the refinement by adding more of the appropriate refining element. Cooling curve analysis (thermal analysis) can be used successfully to predict the grain refinement in yellow brasses. The precipitation of iron in the liquid metal causes the metal to solidify without undercooling. Absence of this reaction, as indicated by the time-temperature (t-T) and its first derivative (dt/dT) curves, proved to be an indicator of refinement. The viability of the technique as an on-line quality control tool was proved in two foundries. The method can also correctly predict the onset of fading. Th

M. SADAYAPPAN, J.P. THOMSON, M.ELBOUJDAINI, G. PING GU, M. SAHOO

2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual cern shutdown Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Heijne, CERN Albert Walenta, University of Siegen (Retired) Takaki Hatsui, SPRING8 Chris Kenney Source: Wechsler, Risa H. - Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and...

202

STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING OF SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS AT CERN USING FIBER BRAGG GRATING SENSORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), a multidisciplinary research program is currently of Engineering, University of Sannio, Corso Garibaldi, 82100 Benevento 2 European Organization for Nuclear

Boyer, Edmond

203

Adaptive mesh refinement for shocks and material interfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are three kinds of adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) in structured meshes. Block-based AMR sometimes over refines meshes. Cell-based AMR treats cells cell by cell and thus loses the advantage of the nature of structured meshes. Patch-based AMR is intended to combine advantages of block- and cell-based AMR, i.e., the nature of structured meshes and sharp regions of refinement. But, patch-based AMR has its own difficulties. For example, patch-based AMR typically cannot preserve symmetries of physics problems. In this paper, we will present an approach for a patch-based AMR for hydrodynamics simulations. The approach consists of clustering, symmetry preserving, mesh continuity, flux correction, communications, management of patches, and load balance. The special features of this patch-based AMR include symmetry preserving, efficiency of refinement across shock fronts and material interfaces, special implementation of flux correction, and patch management in parallel computing environments. To demonstrate the capability of the AMR framework, we will show both two- and three-dimensional hydrodynamics simulations with many levels of refinement.

Dai, William Wenlong [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Their Fate during Distillation/Hydrotreatment Re-Refining  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Their Fate during Distillation/Hydrotreatment Re-Refining ...

Dennis W. Brinkman; John R. Dickson

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Construction of the CERN Fast Cycled Superconducting Dipole Magnet Prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CERN is pursuing a small scale R&D on a fast cycled superconducting dipole magnet (FCM) of interest for the upgrade plan of the LHC accelerator complex. The FCM dipole prototype being built has a number of novel features if compared to other magnets for similar applications. In this paper we describe the magnet design, and its expected performance, focusing especially on the novel features (magnetic circuit, mechanical supports, cooling) and on the details of the manufacturing procedure (coil winding and impregnation, joints, instrumentation and quench protection).

Borgnolutti, F; Bottura, L; Carra, F; Foffano, G; Gomes De Faria, J M; Kalouguine, O; Kirby, G; Lopez, C; Tommasini, D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Measuring Higgs boson couplings at the CERN LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For an intermediate mass Higgs boson with SM-like couplings the CERN LHC allows observation of a variety of decay channels in production by gluon fusion and weak boson fusion. Cross section ratios provide measurements of various ratios of Higgs couplings, with accuracies of order 15% for 100 fb-1 of data in each of the two LHC experiments. For Higgs boson masses above 120 GeV, minimal assumptions on the Higgs sector allow for an indirect measurement of the total Higgs boson width with an accuracy of 10 to 20 %, and of the H?WW partial width with an accuracy of about 10%.

D. Zeppenfeld, R. Kinnunen, A. Nikitenko, and E. Richter-Wa?s

2000-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

207

Charmed-hadron fragmentation functions from CERN LEP1 revisited  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Phys. Rev. D 58, 014014 (1998) and 71, 094013 (2005), we determined nonperturbative D0, D+, D*+, Ds+, and ?c+ fragmentation functions, both at leading and next-to-leading order in the MS factorization scheme, by fitting e+e- data taken by the OPAL Collaboration at CERN LEP1. The starting points for the evolution in the factorization scale ? were taken to be ?0=2mQ, where Q=c, b. For the readers convenience, in this paper, we repeat this analysis for ?0=mQ, where the flavor thresholds of modern sets of parton density functions are located.

Bernd A. Kniehl and Gustav Kramer

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Unusual charged Higgs boson signals at CERN LEP 2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have made a detailed study of the signals expected at CERN LEP 2 from charged scalar bosons whose dominant decay channels are into four fermions. The event rates as well as kinematics of the final states are discussed when such scalars are either pair produced or are generated through a tree-level interaction involving a charged scalar, the W, and the Z. The backgrounds in both cases are discussed. We also suggest the possibility of reconstructing the mass of such a scalar at LEP 2.

Dilip Kumar Ghosh, Rohini M. Godbole, and Biswarup Mukhopadhyaya

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Entrevista con Vicente Leero  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de este mundo, fue publicada en 2000), ensayo, autobiografa, y mltiples combinaciones de unos y otros. Desde guiones para obras clsicas como Los de debajo de Azuela o de su novela Los albailes, hasta las ms recientes adaptaciones como El... llaman neoliberalis mo, pero finalmente es lo mismo pero con parangones que nos hemos tomado como valores absolutos, como la democracia en s. La palabra democracia parecera que es en este mundo incrdulo como si se hablara de Dios, "esto no es...

Day, Stuart A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Refining Crude Oil - Energy Explained, Your Guide To Understanding Energy -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil and Petroleum Products > Refining Crude Oil Oil and Petroleum Products > Refining Crude Oil Energy Explained - Home What Is Energy? Forms of Energy Sources of Energy Laws of Energy Units and Calculators Energy Conversion Calculators British Thermal Units (Btu) Degree-Days U.S. Energy Facts State and U.S. Territory Data Use of Energy In Industry For Transportation In Homes In Commercial Buildings Efficiency and Conservation Energy and the Environment Greenhouse Gases Effect on the Climate Where Emissions Come From Outlook for Future Emissions Recycling and Energy Nonrenewable Sources Oil and Petroleum Products Refining Crude Oil Where Our Oil Comes From Imports and Exports Offshore Oil and Gas Use of Oil Prices and Outlook Oil and the Environment Gasoline Where Our Gasoline Comes From Use of Gasoline Prices and Outlook

211

Integration Strategy of Gasification Technology:? A Gateway to Future Refining  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The historical evidence of the operation of a coal gasification plant goes as far back in time as 1878.1 The United State's first power plant based on coal gasification technology was installed in 1980.2 The concept of gasification has begun to attract much attention from the refining industry because of stringent environmental regulations on transportation fuel, slashing demands for fuel oils, and uncertainty in the availability of good crude oils. ... Therefore, it is a challenging task for refining industries to economically integrate gasification technology, and this is the major theme of the paper. ... Gasification is superior to many of the available power production and waste disposal technologies by addressing various issues together regarding environmental emissions, maintaining quality of refining products, and waste management. ...

Jhuma Sadhukhan; X. X. Zhu

2002-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

212

,"U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes" Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes",4,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refres_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refres_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

213

,"U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes" Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes",4,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refres_d_nus_vwr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refres_d_nus_vwr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

214

Chapter 1 - Refining Heavy Oil and Extra-heavy Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The definitions of heavy oil, extra-heavy oil, and tar sand bitumen are inadequate insofar as the definitions rely upon a single physical property to define a complex feedstock. This chapter presents viable options to the antiquated definitions of the heavy feedstocks (heavy oil, extra-heavy oil, and tar sand bitumen) as well as an introduction to the various aspects of heavy feedstock refining in order for the reader to place each feedstock in the correct context of properties, behavior, and refining needs.

James G. Speight

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Petroleum Refining Operations: Key Issues, Advances, and Opportunities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A typical petroleum industry supply chain is composed of an exploration phase at the wellhead, crude procurement and storage logistics, transportation to the refineries, refinery operations, and distribution and delivery of its products (Figure 1). ... This network is used to transport crude from wellhead to refinery for processing, to transport intermediates between multisite refining facilities, and to transport finished products from product storage tanks to distribution centers and finally to the customers. ... In common-carrier pipelines, however, several refineries located at different sites use the same trunk line for shipping refined petroleum products to downstream output terminals. ...

Nikisha K. Shah; Zukui Li; Marianthi G. Ierapetritou

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

216

National oil companies' presence to hike US refining competition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that the downstream segment of the U.S. petroleum business is virtually certain to become more competitive because of the growing presence of national oil companies in the country's refining industry. That's a forecast by New York investment firm Kidder Peabody. It cites a plan by Mexico's Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) to form a joint venture with Shell Oil Co. covering Shell's 225,000 b/d Deer Park, Tex., refinery as the latest example of national oil companies' movement into U.S. refining.

Not Available

1992-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

217

World Network Speed Record Shattered Caltech, SLAC, Fermilab, CERN, Michigan, Florida,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World Network Speed Record Shattered Caltech, SLAC, Fermilab, CERN, Michigan, Florida, Brookhaven, the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), Fermilab, CERN, and the University of Michigan and partners and Fermilab and an optimized Linux kernel developed at Michigan. Professor Harvey Newman of Caltech, head

Low, Steven H.

218

Direct Numerical Modeling of E-Cloud Driven Instability of a Bunch Train in the CERN SPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Driven Instability of a Bunch Train in theCERN SPS by J-L.Driven Instability of a Bunch Train in the CERN SPS* J. -L.simulation of bunch trains generating, and interacting with,

Vay, J-L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Self-Consistant Numerical Modeling of E-Cloud Driven Instability of a Bunch Train in the CERN SPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Driven Instability of a bunch Train in the CERN SPS by J-L.Driven Instability of a Bunch Train in the CERN SPS* J. -L.simulation of bunch trains generating, and interacting with,

Vay, J-L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Entrevista con Enrique Buenaventura  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dramaturgia prctica grupai y su extensa labor docente, han ido resultando en un considerable y ponderado corpus terico sobre la ntima relacin del discurso teatral y la historia, especialmente esa historia truncada, manipu lada y camuflada por poderosos... mucho ms. Esta manera suya de actuar hizo que todo el mundo se metiera en la guerra y de una manera muy decidida. Entonces se empez a producir la desmoralizacin de la Guardia. Como si hubieran ido demasiado lejos con la represin y la matanza. S...

Dí ez, Luys A.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Department of Computing Stepwise Refinement in Event-B||CSP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Event-B||CSP Part 1: Safety Steve Schneider, Helen Treharne and Heike Wehrheim March 12th 2011 #12;Stepwise Refinement in Event-B CSP Part 1: Safety Steve Schneider1 Helen Treharne1 Heike Wehrheim2 1, 2011 Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 CSP 3 2.1 Notation

Doran, Simon J.

222

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

4. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Prices Figure J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1996 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No....

223

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Prices Figure J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1997 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No....

224

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Prices Figure J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1995 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No....

225

Delaunay Refinement for Piecewise Smooth Complexes Siu-Wing Cheng  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a Lipschitz-like property. A Delaunay refinement algo- rithm using the weighted Voronoi diagram is shown]. However, an algorithm that handles input as general as piecewise smooth complexes (PSC) is still lacking. There is a need in solid modeling to represent objects that are dimensionally or materially inhomogeneous [22

Cheng, Siu-Wing

226

Kenney: The USSOCOM Trinity The USSOCOM Trinity: Refining Special Operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was that the American military would plan, train, and equip to conduct major combat operations on opposite sidesKenney: The USSOCOM Trinity 1 The USSOCOM Trinity: Refining Special Operations Commitment to 21st on the United States Special Operations Command and recommends means and methods to capitalize on current

227

Liver vasculature refinement with multiple 3D structuring element shapes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Delineating anatomical structures and other regions of interest is an important component of assisting and automating specific diagnostic, radiological, and surgical tasks. In this paper, a segmentation approach for liver region delineation is proposed, ... Keywords: 3D structuring element, Hysteresis thresholding, Mathematical morphology, Region growing, Texture analysis, Vessel tree refinement

Do-Yeon Kim

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W W 78.6 W 85.7 81.8 W 69.3 73.8 See footnotes at end of table. 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District and State 176 Energy Information...

229

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W 70.5 78.9 W 76.0 83.6 W 69.2 75.2 See footnotes at end of table. 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District and State 176 Energy Information...

230

TOPICAL PAPER Potential Synergies and Challenges in Refining Cellulosic Biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TOPICAL PAPER Potential Synergies and Challenges in Refining Cellulosic Biomass to Fuels, Chemicals that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, enhance energy security, improve the economy, dispose of such products, and sugar costs are predicted to drop with plant size as a result of economies of scale

California at Riverside, University of

231

Adjudication of a Contract for the Supply of Pulsed Power Supplies for Correcting Lenses of the CERN Proton Synchroton (CPS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adjudication of a Contract for the Supply of Pulsed Power Supplies for Correcting Lenses of the CERN Proton Synchroton (CPS)

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Adjudication Concerning the Supply and Installation of an Additional Computer Configuration for the Control System of the CERN Proton Synchroton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adjudication Concerning the Supply and Installation of an Additional Computer Configuration for the Control System of the CERN Proton Synchroton

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Proposal for the award of a contract for the provision of civil engineering services on the CERN site  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the award of a contract for the provision of civil engineering services on the CERN site

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Proposal for the award of a contract for civil engineering consultancy services for a possible CERN neutrino facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the award of a contract for civil engineering consultancy services for a possible CERN neutrino facility

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Proposal for the award of a contract for the provision of civil engineering design services on the CERN site  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the award of a contract for the provision of civil engineering design services on the CERN site

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for Maintenance, Operation and Minor Installation Work for CERN Cooling and HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for Maintenance, Operation and Minor Installation Work for CERN Cooling and HVAC Systems

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Proposal concerning the participation of CERN in the procurement of depleted-uranium sheets for the UA1 calorimeter upgrading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal concerning the participation of CERN in the procurement of depleted-uranium sheets for the UA1 calorimeter upgrading

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

CERN-US July 1, 2004 Accelerator Systems Plan -S.Peggs 1 bnl fnal -lbnl -slac  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

orders of magnitude speed up Applicable to LHC? #12;CERN-US July 1, 2004 Accelerator Systems Plan - S-CERN Committee, July 1, 2004 #12;CERN-US July 1, 2004 Accelerator Systems Plan - S.Peggs 2 Organization Chart 2

Large Hadron Collider Program

239

Search for neutralino pair production at the CERN LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide the next-to-leading order (NLO) predictions for the neutralino pair production via quark-antiquark annihilation and gluon-gluon fusion at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, focusing on the lightest neutralino which is likely to be the lightest supersymmetric particle. The dependence of total LO, NLO cross sections, and $K$ factor on the center-of-mass energy, the $M_2$-$\\mu$ mass plane, the squark mass, and the factorization and renormalization scales is comprehensively analyzed for three different scenarios in the minimal supersymmetric standard model and the constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model. We find that the LO cross section is considerably increased by the NLO correction, and the $K$ factor value is clearly related to the Higgsino/gaugino mass parameters, the squark mass, and the factorization and renormalization scales.

Demirci, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Search for neutralino pair production at the CERN LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide the next-to-leading order (NLO) predictions for the neutralino pair production via quark-antiquark annihilation and gluon-gluon fusion at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, focusing on the lightest neutralino which is likely to be the lightest supersymmetric particle. The dependence of total LO, NLO cross sections, and $K$ factor on the center-of-mass energy, the $M_2$-$\\mu$ mass plane, the squark mass, and the factorization and renormalization scales is comprehensively analyzed for three different scenarios in the minimal supersymmetric standard model and the constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model. We find that the LO cross section is considerably increased by the NLO correction, and the $K$ factor value is clearly related to the Higgsino/gaugino mass parameters, the squark mass, and the factorization and renormalization scales.

M. Demirci; A. I. Ahmadov

2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Unravelling the sbottom spin at the CERN LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Establishing that a signal of new physics is undoubtedly supersymmetric requires not only the discovery of the supersymmetric partners but also probing their spins and couplings. We show that the sbottom spin can be probed at the CERN Large Hadron Collider using only angular correlations in the reaction pp?bb*?bbp?T, which allow us to distinguish a universal extra dimensional interpretation with a fermionic heavy bottom quark from supersymmetry with a bosonic bottom squark. We demonstrate that this channel provides a clear indication of the sbottom spin provided the sbottom production rate and branching ratio into b?10 are sufficiently large to have a clear signal above standard model backgrounds.

Alexandre Alves and Oscar boli

2007-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

242

Ask mostAmericans about their energy con-cerns, and you're likely to get an earful about  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Technology in Pasadena, is on a mission to get policy- makers to face the need for sources of clean energy- ger catastrophic changes in Earth's climate, Lewis says, "is unarguably the greatest technological with rising energy demand--let alone to replace oil, natural gas, and coal. Generating 10 TW of energy

Latham, Peter

243

Atlantic Basin Refining Dynamics from U.S. Perspective  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This presentation focuses on the current refining situation in the Atlantic Basin, This presentation focuses on the current refining situation in the Atlantic Basin, Page 1 including some discussion on how we got here, and on drivers that will influence the next 5 years. I will focus on three topics today that are critical to the petroleum product dynamics of Page 2 the Atlantic Basin over the next several years. The first is product demand growth - something that has been affected both by the recession and legislation. Next I will cover the supply situation for gasoline and distillates in the Atlantic Basin, since Europe and the U.S. are closely entwined in these markets. Last, we will visit the outlook for those drivers affecting profitability - an area of large uncertainty. I will begin today with a short discussion of important underlying long-term trends in U.S.

244

,"U.S. Sales for Resale, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for Refiner Gasoline Volumes" "Sourcekey","A103700001" "Date","U.S. Total Gasoline WholesaleResale Volume by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)" 30331,217871.4 30362,217946.8...

245

Development of miscella refining process for cottonseed oil-isopropyl alcohol system: laboratory-scale evaluations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A technologically feasible cottonseed oil-isopropyl alcohol (IPA) miscella refining process was developed to produce high quality cottonseed oil. Individual steps necessary to refine cottonseed oil-IPA miscella were determined and improved...

Chau, Chi-Fai

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

The Extraction?Flocculation Re-refining Lubricating Oil Process Using Ternary Organic Solvents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Extraction?Flocculation Re-refining Lubricating Oil Process Using Ternary Organic Solvents ... Res., 1997, 36 (9), ... Waste lubricating oils may be re-refined with organic solvents that dissolve base oil and segregate the additives and solid particles. ...

J. P. Martins

1997-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

247

Life cycle and matrix analyses for re-refined Oil in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unstable market systems and consumer preferences for virgin oil have inhibited the development of waste oil re-refining in Japan. In this papery comparative life cycle inventories were developed for re-refining w...

Chie Nakaniwa; Thomas E. Graedel

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

On the limits of refinement-testing for model-checking CSP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Refinement-checking, as embodied in tools like FDR, PAT and ProB, is a popular approach for model-checking refinement-closed predicates of CSP processes. We consider the limits of this ... denotational predicate ...

Toby Murray

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

RFA-14-0001 - In the Matter of Commonwealth Oil Refining Company...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

RFA-14-0001 - In the Matter of Commonwealth Oil Refining Company, Inc.Commonwealth of Puerto Rico RFA-14-0001 - In the Matter of Commonwealth Oil Refining Company, Inc....

250

Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

6: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline from a Barrel of Oil Fact 676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline from a Barrel of...

251

REFINING AND END USE STUDY OF COAL LIQUIDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document summarizes all of the work conducted as part of the Refining and End Use Study of Coal Liquids. There were several distinct objectives set, as the study developed over time: (1) Demonstration of a Refinery Accepting Coal Liquids; (2) Emissions Screening of Indirect Diesel; (3) Biomass Gasification F-T Modeling; and (4) Updated Gas to Liquids (GTL) Baseline Design/Economic Study.

Unknown

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Evolutions in 3D numerical relativity using fixed mesh refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of 3D numerical simulations using a finite difference code featuring fixed mesh refinement (FMR), in which a subset of the computational domain is refined in space and time. We apply this code to a series of test cases including a robust stability test, a nonlinear gauge wave and an excised Schwarzschild black hole in an evolving gauge. We find that the mesh refinement results are comparable in accuracy, stability and convergence to unigrid simulations with the same effective resolution. At the same time, the use of FMR reduces the computational resources needed to obtain a given accuracy. Particular care must be taken at the interfaces between coarse and fine grids to avoid a loss of convergence at higher resolutions, and we introduce the use of "buffer zones" as one resolution of this issue. We also introduce a new method for initial data generation, which enables higher-order interpolation in time even from the initial time slice. This FMR system, "Carpet", is a driver module in the freely available Cactus computational infrastructure, and is able to endow generic existing Cactus simulation modules ("thorns") with FMR with little or no extra effort.

Erik Schnetter; Scott H. Hawley; Ian Hawke

2004-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

253

Refinement and verification of concurrent systems specified in ObjectZ and CSP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Refinement and verification of concurrent systems specified in Object­Z and CSP Graeme Smith­Z and CSP. A common semantic basis for the two languages enables a unified method of refinement to be used, based upon CSP refinement. To enable state­based techniques to be used for the Object­Z components

Smith, Graeme

254

A Multi-Tiered Genetic Algorithm for Data Mining and Hypothesis Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The second stage of testing was on the ability to take results from a previous algorithm and perform refinement on the data model. Initially, Arcanum was used to refine its own data models. Of the six data models used for hypothesis refinement, Arcanum...

Taylor, Christopher M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN-PH-EP/2004-041  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN-PH-EP/2004-041 12 August, 2004 Revised November of the Randall-Sundrum model. In the dataset recorded by the OPAL experiment at LEP, no evidence for radion

256

EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN-PH-EP/2004-041  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN-PH-EP/2004-041 12 August, 2004 Search for Radions of the Randall-Sundrum model. In the dataset recorded by the OPAL experiment at LEP, no evidence for radion

257

Experimental results from CERN on reaction mechanisms in high energy heavy ion collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three main experimental results from CERN concerning reaction mechanisms in high energy heavy ion collisions are discussed: (1) the striking validity of the single particle picture, (2) the nuclear stopping power and (3) the attained energy densities.

Sorensen, S.P. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA) Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA). Dept. of Physics)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Muon identification with the event filter of the ATLAS experiment at CERN LHC's  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Large Hadron Collider at CERN offers unprecedented challenges to the design and construction of detectors and trigger/data acquisition systems. For ATLAS, a three level trigger system has been developed to extract interesting physics signatures with ...

Gabriella Cataldi

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

LINAC4, A New $H^{-}$ Linear Injector at CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linac2, the present injector of the CERN PS Booster, limits the performance of the proton accelerator complex because of its low output energy (50 MeV). To remove this bottleneck, a higher energy linac is proposed (called ??Linac4? ) which will double the brightness and the intensity of the beam delivered by the PSB and ensure the ??ultimate? beam is available for LHC. Linac4 will deliver H- ions at a kinetic energy of 160 MeV. It is designed to be usable as the front-end of a future multi-GeV multi-MW linear accelerator, the ??Superconducting Proton Linac? (SPL). R&D for Linac4 is now actively taking place with the support of the European Union through the Joint Research Activity HIPPI (??High Intensity Pulsed Proton Injectors?), and of three ISTC projects involving three major Russian laboratories (BINP, IHEP and ITEP) and two nuclear centres (VNIIEF and VNIITF). The design of this new accelerator and the on-going developments are described.

Garoby, R; Hanke, K; Lombardi, A M; Rossi, C; Vretenar, M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

EWO Mee'ng September 2012 Petrobras Refining Decision-Making Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: - Fuel demands - Diesel and gasoline Sulfur content - Gasoline octane Number 15) PDA extracCon factor model (NL) HDT sulfur reducCon (NL) Rigorous Blending Rules (NL) EquaCons: Volume balance Units TransformaCons (NL) Blending Solver

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Cogeneration handbook for the petroleum refining industry. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The decision of whether to cogenerate involves several considerations, including technical, economic, environmental, legal, and regulatory issues. Each of these issues is addressed separately in this handbook. In addition, a chapter is included on preparing a three-phase work statement, which is needed to guide the design of a cogeneration system. In addition, an annotated bibliography and a glossary of terminology are provided. Appendix A provides an energy-use profile of the petroleum refining industry. Appendices B through O provide specific information that will be called out in subsequent chapters.

Fassbender, L.L.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Moore, N.L.; Fassbender, A.G.; Eakin, D.E.; Gorges, H.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Nanosized molecular sieves as petroleum refining and petrochemical catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nanosized ZSM-5 was synthesized and used for straight run gasoline reforming. Nanosized ? was synthesized and used for the alkylation of benzene and ethylene in ethylbenzene production. Nanosized titanosilicate molecular sieve with a hollow structure (HTS) was synthesized and used for the oximation of cyclohexanone. Nanosized silicalite-1 was synthesized and used for the gas phase Beckmann rearrangement of cyclohexanone oxime in caprolactam production. Recent progress in the synthesis and application of nanosized ZSM-5, ?, TS-1, and silicalite-1 were reviewed. The catalyst lifetimes were prolonged when nanosized molecular sieves were used as petroleum refining and petrochemical catalysts.

Xuhong MU; Dianzhong WANG; Yongrui WANG; Min LIN; Shibiao CHENG; Xingtian SHU

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Process Refinements - Reporting of Public Use of Diesel Fuel  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Based on FHWA's reassessment of the reporting and attribution process and on the GAO study, several specific issues were identified. These issues were published in a Federal Register notice for public response.3 Sixteen States provided comments on the issues provided in the Federal Register. Two additional issues were also raised by commenters. The comments may be found at http://dmses.dot.gov; search for docket number FHWA-2000-7635. All of the issues are discussed below. Certain process refinements are required to address these issues; these changes are explained in the following sections. Based on FHWA's reassessment of the reporting and attribution process and on the GAO study, several specific issues were identified. These issues were published in a Federal Register notice for public response.3 Sixteen States provided comments on the issues provided in the Federal Register. Two additional issues were also raised by commenters. The comments may be found at http://dmses.dot.gov; search for docket number FHWA-2000-7635. All of the issues are discussed below. Certain process refinements are required to address these issues; these changes are explained in the following sections. Some of the issues concern the data reported by the States. Because of differences in State laws, States collect different types of data. Chapter 2 of A Guide to Reporting Highway Statistics4 provides instructions for completing Forms FHWA-551M and FHWA-556.

264

ConSol | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ConSol Jump to: navigation, search Name: ConSol Place: Stockton, CA Website: http:www.consol.com References: ConSol1 Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with...

265

iCons, 2011 iCons I case study outline and approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

� iCons, 2011 iCons I case study outline and approach I. Outline for an iCons I case study It is intended that each case study used in iCons I will proceed sequentially through stages, generate the creation products #12; � iCons, 2011 II. iCons I Exercises and Activities

Auerbach, Scott M.

266

runManySections.py - Easy Interface to CMSLPC Condor CAF and CERN's Batch  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

runManySections.py - Easy Interface to CMSLPC Condor CAF and CERN's LSF runManySections.py - Easy Interface to CMSLPC Condor CAF and CERN's LSF Batch System Introduction Quick Overview Setup Basic Idea Including a Tarball Using runManySections.py to Create Command File Running Compiled Root Macros Debugging Jobs Locally CERN (LSF) versus FNAL (Condor) Differences Introduction runManySections.py is designed to make it easy to run many different sections (or jobs) at once on the CMSLPC CAF or CERN's batch system. It is designed to complement CRAB as runManySections.py is designed to be used with non-cmsRun executables. The general idea is that you pass in a list of commands you would like run and you get the output of these commands back. It is currently configured to run for the Condor system at CMSLPC CAF and CERN's LSF batch system. It is very easy to configure to run on other

267

Influence of Alloy and Solidification Parameters on Grain Refinement in Aluminum Weld Metal due to Inoculation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goals are: (1) Establish how much Ti/B grain refiner is need to completely refine aluminum weld metal for different alloys and different welding conditions; (2) Characterize how alloy composition and solidification parameters affect weld metal grain refinement; and (3) Apply relevant theory to understand observed behavior. Conclusions are: (1) additions of Ti/B grain refiner to weld metal in Alloys 1050, 5083, and 6082 resulted in significant grain refinement; (2) grain refinement was more effective in GTAW than LBW, resulting in finer grains at lower Ti content - reason is limited time available for equiaxed grain growth in LBW (inability to occlude columnar grain growth); (3) welding travel speed did not markedly affect grain size within GTAW and LBW clusters; and (4) application of Hunt CET analysis showed experimental G to be on the order of the critical G{sub CET}; G{sub CET} was consistently higher for GTAW than for LBW.

Schempp, Philipp [BAM, Germany; Tang, Z. [BIAS, Germany; Cross, Carl E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Seefeld, T. [BIAS, Germany; Pittner, A. [BAM, Germany; Rethmeier, M. [BAM, Germany

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

268

,"U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates",11,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm"

269

,"U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates",11,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vwr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vwr_mgalpd_m.htm"

270

Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability 1995-2001  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report assesses the effects of pollution abatement requirements on the financial performance of U.S. petroleum refining and marketing operations during the 1995 to 2001 period. This study is a follow-up to the October 1997 publication entitled The Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability, that focused on the financial impacts of U.S. refining pollution abatement investment requirements in the 1988 to1995 period.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Linkages between the markets for crude oil and the markets for refined products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To understand the crude oil price determination process it is necessary to extend the analysis beyond the markets for petroleum. Crude oil prices are determined in two closely related markets: the markets for crude oil and the markets for refined products. An econometric-linear programming model was developed to capture the linkages between the markets for crude oil and refined products. In the LP refiners maximize profits given crude oil supplies, refining capacities, and prices of refined products. The objective function is profit maximization net of crude oil prices. The shadow price on crude oil gives the netback price. Refined product prices are obtained from the econometric models. The model covers the free world divided in five regions. The model is used to analyze the impacts on the markets of policies that affect crude oil supplies, the demands for refined products, and the refining industry. For each scenario analyzed the demand for crude oil is derived from the equilibrium conditions in the markets for products. The demand curve is confronted with a supply curve which maximizes revenues providing an equilibrium solution for both crude oil and product markets. The model also captures crude oil price differentials by quality. The results show that the demands for crude oil are different across regions due to the structure of the refining industries and the characteristics of the demands for refined products. Changes in the demands for products have a larger impact on the markets than changes in the refining industry. Since markets for refined products and crude oil are interrelated they can't be analyzed individually if an accurate and complete assessment of a policy is to be made. Changes in only one product market in one region affect the other product markets and the prices of crude oil.

Didziulis, V.S.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Environmental Regulations and Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations By Tancred C.M. Lidderdale Contents * Introduction * Motor Gasoline Summer Volatility (RVP) Regulations o Table 1. Summer Volatility Regulations for Motor Gasoline o Table 2. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Figure 1. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Table 3. Price Relationship Between Normal Butane and Motor Gasoline o Table 4. Market Price Premium for Low Vapor Pressure (RVP) Gasoline * Oxygenate Content of Motor Gasoline o Figure 2. Oxygenate Content of Motor Gasoline o Table 5. Oxygenated and Conventional Motor Gasoline Price Relationship o Table 6. Reformulated and Conventional Motor Gasoline Price Relationship o Figure 3. Price Differences Between RFG or MTBE and Conventional Gasoline

273

Curved mesh generation and mesh refinement using Lagrangian solid mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a method for generating well-shaped curved unstructured meshes using a nonlinear elasticity analogy. The geometry of the domain to be meshed is represented as an elastic solid. The undeformed geometry is the initial mesh of linear triangular or tetrahedral elements. The external loading results from prescribing a boundary displacement to be that of the curved geometry, and the final configuration is determined by solving for the equilibrium configuration. The deformations are represented using piecewise polynomials within each element of the original mesh. When the mesh is sufficiently fine to resolve the solid deformation, this method guarantees non-intersecting elements even for highly distorted or anisotropic initial meshes. We describe the method and the solution procedures, and we show a number of examples of two and three dimensional simplex meshes with curved boundaries. We also demonstrate how to use the technique for local refinement of non-curved meshes in the presence of curved boundaries.

Persson, P.-O.; Peraire, J.

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

274

New extraction-based re-refining process saves money  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel re-refining process uses solvent extraction and distillation to process used oil at lower cost and much smaller volumes than existing technology will allow. Current technology typically requires minimum processing volumes of 40,000 gpd for economically viable operation. The new process, developed by Interline Resources Corp., Alpine, Utah, can operate economically on volumes as small as 5,000 gpd. The new process has eliminated the need for thin-film evaporators, as well as the very expensive hydrofinishing step. The elimination of this capital-intensive equipment is made possible by the patented Mellon Process. In this process, the water, additives, and solids are removed at ambient conditions, thus allowing the resulting oil to be handled in traditional distillation equipment. The paper describes the process, yields, costs, and operating experience of the commercial-scale re-refinery at Draper, Utah.

Not Available

1994-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

275

Global refining beyond the year 2000 - A European perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new French publication from Editions Technip contains a broad-based discussion on the economic and processing parameters that will shape the refinery of the future. Process experts from Institut Francais Du Petrole (IFP) have constructed a {open_quotes}road map{close_quotes} for refining and petrochemical flow schemes that should interest industry planners and decision makers throughout the world. The importance attributed to the characterization of crude oils and petroleum products is stressed. On a directional basis, the industry will see more emphasis on methodologies to improve existing conversion and separation processes. Buzzwords such as biorefining, refinery integrated information systems, petrochemical/refinery integration and many others will find a forum in future publications.

Gonzalez, R.G. [ed.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Table 3a. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Price in Constant Dollars" " constant dollars per barrel in ""dollar year"" specific to each...

277

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

278

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

279

Quantitative Methods for Strategic and Investment Planning in the Oil-Refining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by one refinery Refinery Opera*onal Planning - Simulate the Refining Scenarios Supply Chain Investments Planning - Test the refinery best scenarios

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

280

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1995 467 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1999 421 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

282

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive grid refinement Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of .004, the adaptive algorithm automatically generates 5 refined grids. One grid patch... and more elsewhere, would clearly be optimal. In this talk, we describe a method of...

283

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 401 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

284

Towards a Future Linear Collider and The Linear Collider Studies at CERN  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

During the week 18-22 October, more than 400 physicists will meet at CERN and in the CICG (International Conference Centre Geneva) to review the global progress towards a future linear collider. The 2010 International Workshop on Linear Colliders will study the physics, detectors and accelerator complex of a linear collider covering both the CLIC and ILC options. Among the topics presented and discussed will be the progress towards the CLIC Conceptual Design Report in 2011, the ILC Technical Design Report in 2012, physics and detector studies linked to these reports, and an increasing numbers of common working group activities. The seminar will give an overview of these topics and also CERN?s linear collider studies, focusing on current activities and initial plans for the period 2011-16. n.b: The Council Chamber is also reserved for this colloquium with a live transmission from the Main Auditorium.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

285

To appear in EPTCS. A CSP account of Event-B refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To appear in EPTCS. A CSP account of Event-B refinement Steve Schneider Department of Computing a CSP account of Event-B refinement, with a treatment for the first time of splitting events and of anticipated events. To this end, we define a CSP seman- tics for Event-B and show how the different forms

Doran, Simon J.

286

FDR3 --A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FDR3 -- A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong, Alexandre.roscoe}@cs.ox.ac.uk Abstract. FDR3 is a complete rewrite of the CSP refinement checker FDR2, incorporating a significant number describe the new algorithm that FDR3 uses to construct its in- ternal representation of CSP processes

Oxford, University of

287

FDR3 --A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FDR3 -- A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong, Alexandre.roscoe}@cs.ox.ac.uk Abstract. FDR3 is a complete rewrite of the CSP refinement checker FDR2, incorporating a significant number describe the new algorithm that FDR3 uses to construct its internal representation of CSP processes

Oxford, University of

288

Ego-Motion Estimation and 3D Model Refinement in Scenes with Varying Illumination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-motion and refining and updating a coarse depth map using surface parallax and a generalized dynamic im- age (GDI (DEM), we first estimate the ego-motion by combining a global ego-motion constraint and a local GDI field and the GDI model parameters locally and use them to refine the depth map estimates. We use

Agrawal, Amit

289

Aspects of Western Refining, Inc.'s Proposed Acquisition of Giant Industries, Inc.  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Presentation of company-level, non-proprietary data and relevant aggregate data for U.S. refinery capacity and gasoline marketing of Western Refining and Giant Industries to inform discussions of Western Refining Inc.'s proposed acquisition of Giant Industries Inc. for a total of $1.5 billion, which was announced August 28, 2006.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Refiner options for converting and utilizing heavy fuel oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ongoing advances in established technologies, together with recent commercial applications of residue fluid catalytic cracking (RFCC), automated residue demetallization, solvent deasphalting and gasification of pitch and coke, have markedly enhanced options for processing and economically using residues. Key long-term driving forces for processing strategies are: the need for flexibility to handle heavy, high-metals crude oils, and the economic benefit of being able to convert low-value residues to high-value light transportation fuels, hydrogen and electric power. Narrowing light/heavy crude oil price differentials and relatively low crude oil price levels since the early 1990s until the first quarter of 1996 have slowed the addition of new bottom-of-the-barrel conversion projects over the past two years. At the same time, world crude oil demand has increased at an annual average rate of nearly one million barrels/day (MMbpd) since 1985. Some major producer/refining companies forecast this rate of increase to continue well into the next decade. The inevitable net result will be the increased production of heavier crude oils. The authors project that this will be accompanied by flat or declining markets for heavy fuel oil and a resultant need for additional residue conversion/utilization capacity. The paper discusses technology application and status, economic observations, and technology outlook.

Dickenson, R.L.; Biasca, F.E.; Schulman, B.L.; Johnson, H.E. [SFA Pacific, Inc., Mountain View, CA (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN-EP/98-150  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

single or two-photon events with missing energy are produced via the reaction e+ e ! ( ), which can section for the e+ e ! ( ) process is measured and low energy photons for which other Standard ModelEUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN-EP/98-150 21 September 1998 Single and Multi

Boyer, Edmond

292

Developing Mode-Rich Satellite Software by Refinement in Event B Alexei Iliasov, Elena Troubitsyna, Linas Laibinis, Alexander Romanovsky, Kimmo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an intricate mode-transition scheme. We show that re refinement in Event-B provides the engineers an intricate mode-transition scheme. We show that re refinement in Event-B provides the engineers

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

293

Qu pasa con el teatro de Venezuela?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PASA CON EL TEATRO El\\l VENEZUELA? L nueva diaiiiatiirgiaRico cont con Cmara de Venezuela, grupo que present diuoall que, a pesar de que Venezuela sea probablemente el pas

Castillo, Susana D.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

iCons, 2011 Cholera in Haiti  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

� iCons, 2011 Cholera in Haiti Handouts: 1. 1-page explainer of cholera outbreak) discussion of concept of Explainer #12; � iCons, 2011 2. Student teams begin work on Part 1

Auerbach, Scott M.

295

Influence of Aluminum Content on Grain Refinement and Strength of AZ31 Magnesium GTA Weld Metal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal is to characterize the effect of Al content on AZ31 weld metal, the grain size and strength, and examine role of Al on grain refinement. The approach is to systematically vary the aluminum content of AZ31 weld metal, Measure average grain size in weld metal, and Measure cross-weld tensile properties and hardness. Conclusions are that: (1) increased Al content in AZ31 weld metal results in grain refinement Reason: higher undercooling during solidification; (2) weld metal grain refinement resulted in increased strength & hardness Reason: grain boundary strengthening; and (3) weld metal strength can be raised to wrought base metal levels.

Babu, N. Kishore [Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology; Cross, Carl E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

296

On Some Computations of Higher Rank Refined Donaldson-Thomas Invariants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present some computations of higher rank refined Donaldson-Thomas invariants on local curve geometries, corresponding to local D6-D2-D0 or D4-D2-D0 configurations. A refined wall-crossing formula for invariants with higher D6 or D4 ranks is derived and verified to agree with the existing formulas under the unrefined limit. Using the formula, refined invariants on the $(-1,-1)$ and $(-2,0)$ local rational curve with higher D6 or D4 ranks are computed.

Wu-yen Chuang; Chien-Hsun Wang

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

297

Table 3b. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

b. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Price in Nominal Dollars" " nominal dollars per barrel" ,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000...

298

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W 839.2 135.0 1,251.9 See footnotes at end of table. 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration...

299

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

W 1,039.3 132.9 1,418.3 See footnotes at end of table. 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration...

300

An idealized molecular geometry library for refinement of poorly behaved molecular fragments with constraints  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An idealized molecular geometry library has been created as a web site to be used for refinement of difficult structures with constrained fragment geometries. The library application is illustrated with a practical example.

Guzei, I.A.

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Knowledge-Based B-Factor Restraints for the Refinement of Proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current practice of restraining all B factors equal to their bonded neighbors is reviewed. A restraint is proposed that uses the patterns of B factors of low-resolution refinements.

Tronrud, D.E.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Surface selective removal of xylan from refined never-dried birch kraft pulp  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, the effect of enzyme treatment on refined, never-dried bleached birch kraft pulp was investigated, using an endo-1,4-?-xylanase, that is substantially free from cellulase activity. The xylanase tre...

Esa Saukkonen; Katja Lyytikinen; Pavel Geydt; Kaj Backfolk

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Steam System Opportunity Assessment for the Pulp and Paper, Chemical Manufacturing, and Petroleum Refining Industries  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report assesses steam generation and use in the pulp and paper, chemical manufacturing, and the petroleum refining industries. The report also estimates the energy savings potential available from implementing steam system performance and efficiency improvements.

304

Validation and refinement of gene-regulatory pathways on a network of physical interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As genome-scale measurements lead to increasingly complex models of gene regulation, systematic approaches are needed to validate and refine these models. Towards this goal, we describe an automated procedure for prioritizing ...

Yeang, Chen-Hsiang, 1969-

305

Specification, Refinement and Verification of Concurrent SystemsAn Integration of Object-Z and CSP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a method of formally specifying, refining and verifying concurrent systems which uses the object-oriented state-based specification language Object-Z together with the process algebra CSP. Obj...

Graeme Smith; John Derrick

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- W 73.5 See footnotes at end of table. A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present Energy Information Administration ...

307

FIA-15-0002- In the Matter of Alon Refining Krotz Springs, Inc.  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Decision concerns an Appeal that Alon Refining Krotz Springs, Inc. (Alon) filed in response to a determination that was issued to it by the Department of Energys (DOE) Office of Information...

308

Using a conformation-dependent stereochemical library improves crystallographic refinement of proteins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The major macromolecular crystallographic refinement packages restrain models to ideal geometry targets defined as single values that are independent of molecular conformation. However, ultrahigh-resolution X-ray models of proteins are not consistent with this concept of ideality and have been used to develop a library of ideal main-chain bond lengths and angles that are parameterized by the {phi}/{psi} angle of the residue [Berkholz et al. (2009), Structure, 17, 1316-1325]. Here, it is first shown that the new conformation-dependent library does not suffer from poor agreement with ultrahigh-resolution structures, whereas current libraries have this problem. Using the TNT refinement package, it is then shown that protein structure refinement using this conformation-dependent library results in models that have much better agreement with library values of bond angles with little change in the R values. These tests support the value of revising refinement software to account for this new paradigm.

Tronrud, Dale E.; Berkholz, Donald S.; Karplus, P. Andrew (Oregon State U.)

2010-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

309

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

78.2 101.8 83.6 87.5 74.7 See footnotes at end of table. A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District, and State, 1984-Present 452 Energy Information...

310

Improving catalysts for the refining of straight-run gasoline fractions of petroleum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a method for modifying catalysts based on a high-silica zeolite of the ZSM-5 type using Ni nanopowder to improve catalysts for the refining of straight-run gasoline fractions. The proposed method, whic...

E. V. Urzhumova; L. M. Velichkina; A. V. Vosmerikov; A. E. Ermakov

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Combustion Emissions from Refining Lower Quality Oil: What Is the Global Warming Potential?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Refinery crude feed, processing, yield, and fuel data from four regions accounting for 97% of U.S. refining capacity from 1999 to 2008 were compared among regions and years for effects on processing and energy consumption predicted by the processing characteristics of heavier, higher sulfur oils. ... Estimates that construct process-by-process allocations of emissions among these factors have not been verified by observations from operating refineries in part because publicly reported data are limited for refinery-specific crude feeds and unavailable for process-level material and energy inputs and outputs (4-6). ... Rough estimates including the energy, d, and S lost in bitumen upgrading for SCO refined reveal greater effects of total processing for crude feeds refined in Districts 2 and 4 and follow the relationships observed in refining (Figure 2). ...

Greg Karras

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

312

Parcel Per Parcel Toward A More Refined Carbon Emissions Estimation For Livermore, CA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A More Refined Carbon Emissions Estimation For Livermore, CAof lifestyle on carbon emissions in the residential sector [an all-time low in carbon emissions, though most use overall

ivanovi?, Ana

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

EASURING IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF THE U.S. CORN REFINING INDUSTRY  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

| P | P a g e MEASURING IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF THE U.S. CORN REFINING INDUSTRY SPONSORED BY THE U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY AS PART OF THE ENERGY STAR® PROGRAM GALE A. BOYD AND CHRISTIAN DELGADO DUKE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS BOX 90097, DURHAM, NC 27708 JULY 10, 2012 2 | P a g e MEASURING IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF THE U.S. CORN REFINING INDUSTRY CONTENTS Figures .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3 Tables ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

314

Helix Nebula and CERN: A Symbiotic approach to exploiting commercial clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent paradigm shift toward cloud computing in IT, and general interest in "Big Data" in particular, have demonstrated that the computing requirements of HEP are no longer globally unique. Indeed, the CERN IT department and LHC experiments have already made significant R&D investments in delivering and exploiting cloud computing resources. While a number of technical evaluations of interesting commercial offerings from global IT enterprises have been performed by various physics labs, further technical, security, sociological, and legal issues need to be address before their large-scale adoption by the research community can be envisaged. Helix Nebula - the Science Cloud is an initiative that explores these questions by joining the forces of three European research institutes (CERN, ESA and EMBL) with leading European commercial IT enterprises. The goals of Helix Nebula are to establish a cloud platform federating multiple commercial cloud providers, along with new business models, which can sustain ...

Barreiro Megino, Fernando Harald; Kucharczyk, Katarzyna; Medrano Llamas, Ramn; van der Ster, Daniel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

The ICARUS 50 l LAr TPC in the CERN Nu Beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 50 liter liquid Argon TPC is a detector built and successfully operated at CERN for R&D purposes within the ICARUS programme. In the year 1997 it has been exposed at the CERN neutrino beam for the entire SPS neutrino run period as proposed and approved at the SPSLC of January 1997. The detector, complemented with scintillators acting as veto, trigger counters and pre-shower counters, was installed in front of the NOMAD detector. The year 1997 was scheduled to be the last for the operation of the West Area Neutrino Facility. It was important to take this last opportunity for a parasitic exposure, which did not interfere with running experiments, of an already existing and operating liquid Argon TPC. As we had expected, the collected data brought important information for a better understanding of the performance of liquid Argon TPC's which should be useful for the entire ICARUS program.

The ICARUS Collaboration

1998-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

316

Commissioning of the CERN LINAC4 BPM System with 50 Mev Proton Beamns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The new Linac4 at CERN will provide a 160 MeV H- ion beam for charge-exchange injection into the existing CERN accelerator complex. Shorted stripline pick-ups placed in the Linac intertank regions and the transfer lines will measure beam orbit, relative beam current, beam phase, and average beam energy via the time-of-flight between two pickups. A prototype Beam Position Monitor (BPM) system has been installed in the transfer line between the existing Linac2 and the Proton Synchrotron Booster (PSB) in order to study and review the complete acquisition chain. This paper presents measurements and performance of this BPM system operating with 50 MeV proton beams, and compares the results with laboratory measurements and electromagnetic simulations.

Tan, J; Sby, L; Sordet, M; Wendt, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Microsoft PowerPoint - genealogy of major US refiners (00 to 09).ppt  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Major U.S. Refiners Of Major U.S. Refiners 2001 2004 2005 2006 2000 2002 Diamond Shamrock Ultramar j 6/01 12/01 9/97 12/96 Total North America Valero Salomon (Basis) Huntway Valero Valero Ultramar Diamond Shamrock (UDS) UDS 5/97 Notes, footnotes, and source notes are at the bottom of these figures. 2003 Clark Refining g 9/05 Valero Valero 3/98 Mapco Williams Williams Companies d 3/03 d Premcor h 1/89 4/00 12/98 BP America BP Amoco ARCO BP America SOHIO BP America b Sun Company Sunoco r 1/04 o El Paso 1/01 Pacific Refining (jv) Coastal Orion Valero 7/03 6/01 o El Paso 12/88 n 2007 2008 2009 BP-Husky Refining LLC (jv) Husky 7/07 i 4/08 c 10/98 l 8/94 q 9/89 p 12/88 a 7/94 e 12/98 f 6/00 m 9/00 k 5/04 g Holly 6/03 s 6/09 t 12/09 u Holly Genealogy Of Major U.S. Refiners (continued) 2001 2004 2005 2006 2000 2002 2003 2007 2008 2009 1/98 USX (Marathon) 10/98 y Ashland Marathon Lyondell

318

Detecting an invisible Higgs boson at Fermilab Tevatron and CERN LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we study the observability of an invisible Higgs boson at Fermilab Tevatron and CERN LHC through the production channel $ q \\bar{q} \\to Z H \\to \\ell^+\\ell^-+ \\ptmiss $, where $\\ptmiss$ is reconstructed from the $\\ell^+\\ell^-$ with $\\ell=e$ or $\\mu$. A new strategy is proposed to eliminate the largest irreducible background, namely $ q \\bar{q} \\to Z(\\to \\ell^+\\ell^-) Z(\\to \

Shou-hua Zhu

2005-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

319

Re-refining of waste mineral insulating oil by extraction with N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Extraction with N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) via the three-stage mixersettler operation was studied as possible process for re-refining of waste mineral insulating oil. The following extraction process parameters were investigated systematically in order to determine their optimum values: amount of water as co-solvent in NMP, extraction temperature and solvent/oil ratio. The process parameters and resulting oil chemical compositions were found to influence the electrical properties and the oxidation stability of the re-refined oil. The levels of aromatic, paraffinic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were determined using IR spectroscopy and HPLC, while other relevant chemical and electrical properties of waste and re-refined oil were determined according to IEC, ISO and ASTM standards. Extraction using NMP was found to be an adequate method for waste mineral insulating oil re-refining, according to the application properties of the re-refined oil. Moderate extraction temperature, 1% water in NMP and a low solvent/oil ratio (0.5) were determined to be the optimum process parameters.

Jelena Luki?; Aleksandar Orlovi?; Michael Spiteller; Jovan Jovanovi?; Dejan Skala

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

CON-CON assignment strategy for highly flexible intrinsically disordered proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are a class of highly flexible proteins whose characterization by NMR spectroscopy is complicated...1H-detected 5D experiments, (HACA)CON(CACO)NCO(CA)HA, BT-(H)NCO(CAN)CON...

Alessandro Piai; Tom Hoek; Leonardo Gonnelli

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Proposal for the extension of a licence agreement for computer-aided engineering software tools and the provision of services for electronics and microelectronics design at CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the extension of a licence agreement for computer-aided engineering software tools and the provision of services for electronics and microelectronics design at CERN

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Proposal to negotiate an amendment to an existing contract for civil engineering consultancy services for the construction of the neutrino platform at CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal to negotiate an amendment to an existing contract for civil engineering consultancy services for the construction of the neutrino platform at CERN

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation, commissioning and maintenance of a compressing and shearing machine for the CERN Radioactive Waste Treatment Centre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation, commissioning and maintenance of a compressing and shearing machine for the CERN Radioactive Waste Treatment Centre

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Construction and Commissioning of a Collinear Laser Spectroscopy Setup at TRIGA Mainz and Laser Spectroscopy of Magnesium Isotopes at ISOLDE (CERN)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Construction and Commissioning of a Collinear Laser Spectroscopy Setup at TRIGA Mainz and Laser Spectroscopy of Magnesium Isotopes at ISOLDE (CERN)

Kraemer, Joerg

325

Proposal for the award of a contract for the provision of third-party administration services for the CERN Health Insurance Scheme (CHIS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the award of a contract for the provision of third-party administration services for the CERN Health Insurance Scheme (CHIS)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The iCons Four Year Curriculum Plan Contact: iCons@cns.umass.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The iCons Four Year Curriculum Plan Contact: iCons@cns.umass.edu Website: http://www.cns.umass.edu/icons-program/ Fall 2012 (Version 11/5/2012) The Program areas of Renewable Energy and Biomedicine. iCons does not replace a major

Auerbach, Scott M.

327

Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining | U.S. DOE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » July 2013 Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining A novel metal-organic framework (MOF) efficiently separates higher octane components from the low value ones, offering great potential for significant cost reduction in gasoline production. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page

328

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- National Smelting and Refining Co - OH  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Smelting and Refining Co - Smelting and Refining Co - OH 20 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: NATIONAL SMELTING & REFINING CO. (OH.20) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 6800 Grand Avenue , Cleveland , Ohio OH.20-1 Evaluation Year: 1993 OH.20-2 Site Operations: No indication of other test operations using very limited quantities of slag material. OH.20-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote based upon limited scope of activities at the site OH.20-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium - No Indication of Anything But Trace Amounts Handled OH.20-1 Radiological Survey(s): None Indicated Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP

329

New Seismic Model Will Refine Hazard Analysis at U.S. Nuclear Plants |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Seismic Model Will Refine Hazard Analysis at U.S. Nuclear New Seismic Model Will Refine Hazard Analysis at U.S. Nuclear Plants New Seismic Model Will Refine Hazard Analysis at U.S. Nuclear Plants January 31, 2012 - 2:09pm Addthis The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) released a new seismic study today that will help U.S. nuclear facilities in the central and eastern United States reassess seismic hazards. The Central and Eastern United States Seismic Source Characterization for Nuclear Facilities model and report is the culmination of a four-year effort among the participating organizations and replaces previous seismic source models used by industry and government since the late 1980s. The NRC is requesting U.S. nuclear power plants to reevaluate seismic

330

,"U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0u_dpgal_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0u_dpgal_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

331

,"U.S. Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0r_dpgal_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0r_dpgal_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

332

The Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability October 1997 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration/The Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability ii Contacts The Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability was prepared in the Office of Energy Markets and End Use of the Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy under the general direction of W. Calvin

333

Overview of Eulerian Methods and Block Adaptive Mesh Refinement Techniques at Sandia  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Crawford, D.A. et al. 1 Crawford, D.A. et al. 1 Overview of Eulerian Methods and Block Adaptive Mesh Refinement Techniques at Sandia D. A. Crawford* and D. M. Hensinger* * Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA. Multi-material shock-physics Eulerian codes have undergone several generations of refinement in as many decades at Sandia. The widely used code, CTH, can trace its lineage to the one- and two-dimensional codes CHARTD and CSQ. An adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) strategy has been implemented in CTH, providing improved performance and memory utilization and evidence of improved scaling for large problems. The ALE (Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian) code ALEGRA combines the multi- material shock physics capabilities found in CTH with a finite element

334

Closed-loop study of the effects of multicycle re-refining of automotive lubricating oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Twenty-five gallons of a hydrofinished virgin lubricating oil basestock was blended with additives into a 10W30 crankcase oil. After the engines had been pruged with a flush oil, 11 vehicles were charged with the blended virgin oil. Mileages ranging from 2000 to over 3000 miles of use were accumulated before the oil was drained, re-refined and recharged to the vehicles. This cycle was repeated until the oil had been re-refined three times. At each stage, detailed analyses and compound characterizations were performed on both the oil being recycled and on the same oil which was re-refined but never charged to vehicles. The data showed no significant change in the composition of the base oil, except for a minor buildup of additive base oil, which was expected.

Reynolds, J.W.; Goetzinger, J.W.; Cotton, F.O.; Brinkman, D.W.; Whisman, M.L.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Refined Glauber model versus Faddeev calculations and experimental data for pd spin observables  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spin-dependent observables in intermediate-energy pd elastic scattering within the framework of the refined Glauber model are considered. The improvements include an account of all ten pp and pn helicity amplitudes at respective energies constructed on the basis of modern phase-shift analysis, accurate deuteron wave functions taken from the modern NN force model and account of charge-exchange effects. Predictions of the refined diffraction model for differential cross section and analyzing powers are compared with exact three-body Faddeev calculations and the recent experimental data. An amazingly good agreement between the results of both theoretical approaches as well as between the refined Glauber model and experiment in a wide angular range not only for differential cross section but also for vector and tensor analyzing powers has been found for the first time. Possible reasons for this agreement are discussed.

Platonova, M. N.; Kukulin, V. I. [D.V. Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow RU-119991 (Russian Federation)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

New Seismic Model Will Refine Hazard Analysis at U.S. Nuclear Plants |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Seismic Model Will Refine Hazard Analysis at U.S. Nuclear New Seismic Model Will Refine Hazard Analysis at U.S. Nuclear Plants New Seismic Model Will Refine Hazard Analysis at U.S. Nuclear Plants January 31, 2012 - 2:09pm Addthis The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) released a new seismic study today that will help U.S. nuclear facilities in the central and eastern United States reassess seismic hazards. The Central and Eastern United States Seismic Source Characterization for Nuclear Facilities model and report is the culmination of a four-year effort among the participating organizations and replaces previous seismic source models used by industry and government since the late 1980s. The NRC is requesting U.S. nuclear power plants to reevaluate seismic

337

Microwave Schottky diagnostic systems for the Fermilab Tevatron, Recycler, and CERN LHC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A means for non-invasive measurement of transverse and longitudinal characteristics of bunched beams in synchrotrons has been developed based on high sensitivity slotted waveguide pickups. The pickups allow for bandwidths exceeding hundreds of MHz while maintaining good beam sensitivity characteristics. Wide bandwidth is essential to allow bunch-by-bunch measurements by means of a fast gating system. The Schottky detector system is installed and successfully commissioned in the Fermilab Tevatron and Recycler and CERN LHC synchrotrons. Measurement capabilities include tune, chromaticity, and momentum spread of single or multiple beam bunches in any combination. With appropriate calibrations, emittance can also be measured by integrating the area under the incoherent tune sidebands.

Pasquinelli, Ralph J.; /Fermilab; Jansson, Andreas; /ESS, Lund

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Mass limits of invisibly decaying Higgs particles from the CERN LEP data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the Majoron models the SU(2) Higgs doublet can decay invisibly into a Majoron pair via its mixing with a singlet. An analysis of the CERN LEP data shows the invisible decay mode to be more visible than the SM decay. For these models, the dominantly doublet Higgs field H is shown to have a mass limit within 6 GeV of the SM limit irrespective of the model parameters. But the dominantly singlet one S can be arbitrarily light for a sufficiently small mixing angle.

Biswajoy Brahmachari, Anjan S. Joshipura, Saurabh D. Rindani, D. P. Roy, and K. Sridhar

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Scalar ? signal at CERN LEP 2 in models with gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In theories with gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking, the scalar ?, (??1) is the lightest observable superpartner for part of the parameter space. At CERN LEP 2, the production of such a ??1 pair and their subsequent decays give rise to a pair of ? leptons plus missing energy from the unobserved gravitinos. The angular distributions of the ?s are different from those arising from the production and decay of W pairs, and thus will constitute an interesting signal for supersymmetry. We also consider ??1 pair production in the complementary part of parameter space where the lightest neutralino is lighter than the ??1.

D. A. Dicus, B. Dutta, and S. Nandi

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Gauge-Higgs-fermion spin-spin effects at the Stanford Linear Collider (and CERN LEP)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the various spin-spin effects in the processes e+e-???i0??j0 and e+e-???i+??j- at Stanford Linear Collider (SLC) energies, where ??j0 and ??j are gauge-Higgs fermions associated with the (minimal) supersymmetric extension of the standard SU3cSU2LU1 model and are understood to decay in model-dependent ways. We argue that such effects may very well be visible at SLC (and CERN LEP) energies. We give a general theoretical apparatus for discussing these effects and assessing their various manifestations. We work out some illustrative examples of such manifestations.

B. F. L. Ward

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Integrating INIS into a high energy physics information environment thoughts from CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information searchers from the high energy physics community expect an integrated information environment. The CERN Library offers its print and electronic collections through a combined Web interface and maintains the database by semi-automated processes to upload bibliographic and full-text records. Suggestions are offered by which INIS could develop its own Web interface and better match HEP users expectations. These include implementing full-text linking, increasing currency, expanding search and display functions and developing the richness of the data. Links with the National Nuclear Data Center and Crossref could also increase its visibility.

Yeomans, Joanne; Baudic, Romain; Picchioli, Ingrid; International Conference on Nuclear Knowledge Management : Strategies, Information Management and Human Resource Development. Special Session : The Role of INIS in Knowledge Preservation

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Integration of a Relational Database in the CERN PS Control System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The control system for the CERN 26 GEV Proton Synchrotron and its injectors is a generic system which can be adapted to other accelerators. Most configuration data are in a relational database. From these data we can generate object interfaces for equipment, configuration files for front-end computers, a read-only database for accelerator control interfacing, and full dynamic documentation on the Web. The database is also used in real time for runtime references and archives, and for the working data of several programs.

Cuprus, J

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Invisible $Z\\prime$ as a probe of extra dimensions at the CERN LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A class of extra dimensional models with a warped metric predict tunneling of a massive particle localized on our brane and escaping into additional dimensions. The experimental signature of this effect is the disappearance of the particle from our world, i.e. the particle $\\to invisible$ decay. We point out that measurements of $Z\\prime \\to invisible$ decay width of a new heavy gauge boson $Z\\prime$ at the CERN LHC can be effectively used to probe the existence of large extra dimensions. This result enhances motivations for a more sensitive search and study for this decay mode and suggests additional direction for testing extra dimensions in collider experiments.

S. N. Gninenko; N. V. Krasnikov; V. A. Matveev

2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

344

Cavity QED implementation of the multi-qubit refined Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We theoretically study the realization of a multi-qubit refined Deutsch-Jozsa (DJ) algorithm using resonant interaction of many Rydberg atoms with a single-mode microwave cavity, in which the multi-qubit controlled phase gates could be accomplished efficiently. We show how to achieve a multi-qubit refined DJ algorithm in high fidelity, even in the case of a weak cavity decay and some imperfection. We argue that the required operations in our scheme are almost within the present experimental possibilities.

Wan Li Yang; Chang Yong Chen; Zhen Yu Xu; Mang Feng

2010-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

345

Liquid-liquid extraction as the means of refining cottonseed oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIBRARY A 4 AI CvLLEGE OF TEXAS LIOVID-LIQUID EXTRACTION AS THE MEANS OI REFINING CCTTONSEFZ OIL A Thesis By 1'RVUBHAI CHIINIBHAI PATEL a 0 U z A R 0 Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Auuust 1996 Major Subject Chemical ineeri LIQUID-LIQUID EXTRACTION AS THE MEANS OF REFINING COTTONSEED OIL A Thesis By MANUBHAI CHUNIBHAI PATEL Approved as to style...

Patel, Manubhai Chunibhai

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

346

Use of massively multiple merged data for low-resolution S-SAD phasing and refinement of flavivirus NS1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-multiplicity data were used to solve the West Nile virus NS1 structure by S-SAD and for the extension of useable resolution for refinement.

Akey, D.L.

2014-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

347

Studies on design of a process for organo-refining of coal to obtain super clean coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Organo-refining of coal results in refining the coal to obtain super clean coal and residual coal. Super clean coal may be used to obtain value added chemicals, products, and cleaner fuels from coal. In the present work, studies on the design of a semicontinuous process for organo-refining of one ton of coal have been made. The results are reported. This is only a cursory attempt for the design, and further studies may be required for designing this process for use in the development of a scaled-up process of organo-refining of coal.

Sharma, C.S.; Sharma, D.K. [Indian Inst. of Tech., New Delhi (India). Centre for Energy Studies

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Adaptive Mesh Refinement and Multilevel Iteration for Flow in Porous Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including support from Mobil Exploration and Production Technical Center, Dallas. 2 Supported by NSF grant; Abstract An adaptive local mesh refinement algorithm originally developed for unsteady gas dynamics are provided. #12; 1 Introduction. The numerical treatment of field­scale simulation of enhanced oil recovery

Trangenstein, John A.

349

Refined Asymptotics for the subcritical Keller-Segel system and Related Functional Inequalities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Refined Asymptotics for the subcritical Keller-Segel system and Related Functional Inequalities self-similarity for the subcritical Keller- Segel system in the radially symmetric two-dimensional case that the one-dimensional equation is a contraction with respect to Fourier distance in the subcritical case. 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

350

Error estimation and anisotropic mesh refinement for 3d laminar aerodynamic flow simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Error estimation and anisotropic mesh refinement for 3d laminar aerodynamic flow simulations Tobias Leichta,b , Ralf Hartmann,a,b aInstitute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology, DLR (German Aerospace Center-dimensional laminar aerodynamic flow simulations. The optimal order symmetric interior penalty discontinuous Galerkin

Hartmann, Ralf

351

Refinement of weed risk assessments for biofuels using Camelina sativa as a model species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Refinement of weed risk assessments for biofuels using Camelina sativa as a model species Philip B and Environmental Sciences, Montana State University, PO Box 173120, Bozeman, MT 59717-3120, USA Summary 1. Biofuel. However, concerns have been raised on the invasiveness of biofuel feedstocks. Estimating invasion

Peterson, Robert K. D.

352

Techno-economic study of re-refining waste lubricating oils in the Arabian Gulf countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Waste oil reclaimation by re-refining is a promising process for recycling valuable polutant waste. In Arabian Gulf countries, a limited volume of waste oil is recycled. A technical and economical evaluation of some reclaimation methods to produce lubricating oil has been conducted.

M.I. Al-Ahmad; I.S. Al-Mutaz

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Used oil re-refining: Cote d`ivoire. Final report. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scope of work for this project was divided into two major phases of work, the Feasibility Study (FS) and the Process Design Specification (PDS). The Feasibility Study performed by Matrix Engineering, Inc. (Matrix) reviewed three solvent extraction processes, plus fractionation and adsorbent filtration, as suitable technologies for use in a used oil re-refining facility for Cote d`Ivoire.

NONE

1995-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

354

Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations (Released in the STEO June 1998)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Changes in domestic refining operations are identified and related to the summer Reid vapor pressure (RVP) restrictions and oxygenate blending requirements. This analysis uses published Energy Information Administration survey data and linear regression equations from the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). The STIFS model is used for producing forecasts appearing in the Short-Term Energy Outlook.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Grain refinement and texture development of cast bi90sb10 alloy via severe plastic deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recrystallization and causes the development of a bimodal microstructure consisting of fine grains (5-30 micron) and coarse grains (50-300 micron). ECAE processing of homogenizied Bi-Sb alloy causes grain refinement and produces a more uniform microstructure...

Im, Jae-taek

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

356

Rocky Mountain area petroleum product availability with reduced PADD IV refining capacity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies of Rocky Mountain area petroleum product availability with reduced refining capacity in Petroleum Administration for Defense IV (PADD IV, part of the Rocky Mountain area) have been performed with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model, a linear program which has been updated to blend gasolines to satisfy constraints on emissions of nitrogen oxides and winter toxic air pollutants. The studies do not predict refinery closures in PADD IV. Rather, the reduced refining capacities provide an analytical framework for probing the flexibility of petroleum refining and distribution for winter demand conditions in the year 2000. Industry analysts have estimated that, for worst case scenarios, 20 to 35 percent of PADD IV refining capacity could be shut-down as a result of clean air and energy tax legislation. Given these industry projections, the study scenarios provide the following conclusions: The Rocky Mountain area petroleum system would have the capability to satisfy winter product demand with PADD IV refinery capacity shut-downs in the middle of the range of industry projections, but not in the high end of the range of projections. PADD IV crude oil production can be maintained by re-routing crude released from PADD IV refinery demands to satisfy increased crude oil demands in PADDs II (Midwest), III (Gulf Coast), and Washington. Clean Air Act product quality regulations generally do not increase the difficulty of satisfying emissions reduction constraints in the scenarios.

Hadder, G.R.; Chin, S.M.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

OPERATOR INTERACTION WITH MODEL-BASED PREDICTIVE CONTROLLERS IN PETROCHEMICAL REFINING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These differences in level may explain why we observed refinery operators asking questions of the automation not. This could also explain why we did not observe refinery operators having difficultyOPERATOR INTERACTION WITH MODEL-BASED PREDICTIVE CONTROLLERS IN PETROCHEMICAL REFINING Greg A

Virginia, University of

358

Refinement and validation of a multi-level assessment method for Mid-Atlantic tidal wetlands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Refinement and validation of a multi-level assessment method for Mid-Atlantic tidal wetlands (EPA of wetland resources across the Mid-Atlantic physiographic region, efforts are currently underway in a number of states, most notably Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia, to develop and implement wetland

359

The effect of TMP refining using an adjustable-speed drive on energy consumption and pulp quality. [ThermoMechanical Pulp  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental investigation was conducted to study the effect of TMP refining using adjustable-speed drive (ASD) on energy consumption and pulp quality. The project is based on the studies of disc refiner models at high- and low-consistency refining. The primary objectives is to examine the potential energy efficiency improvement of a TMP system by evaluating the effect of TMP refining using ASD in pilot scale at the Center for High Yield Pulping Science. The pilot experimental results show that certain benefits of TMP refining using ASD can be obtained. Preliminary results demonstrate that increasing the first stage of refining speed reduces electrical energy at similar pulp quality.

Su, W.; Hsieh, J. (Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States))

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

PHYSICAL REVIEW C 81, 044910 (2010) Production of exotic atoms at energies available at the CERN Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

one of the ions in the collider ("bound-free" pair production). In particular the process of pair several insights in the production mechanism which have not been explored in the literature. OurPHYSICAL REVIEW C 81, 044910 (2010) Production of exotic atoms at energies available at the CERN

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

THE MUON ANOMALOUS MAGNETIC MOMENT Updated July 2011 by A. Hoecker (CERN), and W.J. Marciano  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

� 1� THE MUON ANOMALOUS MAGNETIC MOMENT Updated July 2011 by A. Hoecker (CERN), and W.J. Marciano (BNL). The Dirac equation predicts a muon magnetic moment, M = g� e 2m� S, with gyromagnetic ratio g muon g - 2 reviews, see Refs. [3,4]. The E821 experiment at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL) studied

362

THE MUON ANOMALOUS MAGNETIC MOMENT Updated July 2011 by A. Hoecker (CERN), and W.J. Marciano  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ 1­ THE MUON ANOMALOUS MAGNETIC MOMENT Updated July 2011 by A. Hoecker (CERN), and W.J. Marciano (BNL). The Dirac equation predicts a muon magnetic moment, M = gµ e 2mµ S, with gyromagnetic ratio gµ muon g - 2 reviews, see Refs. [3,4]. The E821 experiment at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL) studied

363

Bringing Automated Model Checking to PLC Program Development - A CERN Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Verification of critical software is a high priority but a challenging task for industrial control systems. Model checking appears to be an appropriate approach for this purpose. However, this technique is not widely used in industry yet, due to some obstacles. The main obstacles encountered when trying to apply formal verification techniques at industrial installations are the difficulty of creating models out of PLC programs and defining formally the specification requirements. In addition, models produced out of real-life programs have a huge state space, thus preventing the verification due to performance issues. Our work at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) focuses on developing efficient automatic verification methods for industrial critical installations based on PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) control systems. In this paper, we present a tool generating automatically formal models out of PLC code. The tool implements a general methodology which can support several input languages, ...

Fernandez Adiego, B; Tournier, J-C; Blanco Vinuela, E; Gonzalez Suarez, V M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Multilepton signatures of gauge mediated SUSY breaking at CERN LEP II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the framework of gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking models, pair production of the lightest neutralinos, scalar leptons, or charginos at CERN LEP II gives rise to interesting signals involving multilepton final states and missing energy. In the parameter space where the scalar tau, ??1, is the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle, we identify three interesting regions, which give rise to distinctly different final states: (i) 2 ?-leptons plus missing energy, (ii) 4 charged leptons plus missing energy, where in some regions all four are ?-leptons, or (iii) six charged leptons, of which four are ?-leptons and the other two are electrons or muons, plus missing energy. We study in detail the size of these regions in the parameter space of gauge-mediated models and give cross section contours in these regions for various LEP II energies. We also discuss the possibility of chargino-pair production at LEP II.

Kingman Cheung, Duane A. Dicus, B. Dutta, and S. Nandi

1998-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

365

Book: Voyage to the Heart of the Matter: The ATLAS Experiment at CERN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

WE RECOMMEND SEP Spectroscope Flatpacked classroom equipment for pupils aged 10 and over Quantum Gods Book attacks spiritualism and religion with physics The Universe Study of whether physics alone can explain origin of universe La Crosse Anemometer Handheld monitor is packed with useful features Wonder and Delight Essays in science education in honour of Eric Rogers WORTH A LOOK Voyage to the Heart of the Matter: The ATLAS Experiment at CERN Pop-up book explains background to complex physics The Royal Institution of Great Britain RI museum proves interesting but not ideal for teaching What is this Thing Called Science? Theory and history of science in an opinionated study Don't be Such a Scientist: Talking Substance in the Age of Style Explanation of how science is best communicated to the public WEB WATCH Particle physics simulations vary in complexity, usefulness and how well they work

366

Beam diagnostics measurements at 3 MeV of the LINAC4 H- beam at CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As part of the CERN LHC injector chain upgrade, LINAC4 [1, 2] will accelerate H- ions to 160 MeV, replacing the old 50 MeV proton linac. The ion source, the Low Energy Beam Transfer (LEBT) line, the 3 MeV Radio Frequency Quadrupole and the Medium Energy Beam Transfer (MEBT) line hosting a chopper, have been commissioned in the LINAC4 tunnel. Diagnostic devices are installed in the LEBT and MEBT line and in a movable diagnostics test bench which is temporarily added to the MEBT exit. The paper gives an overview of all the instruments used, including beam current transformers, beam position monitors, wire scanners and wire grids for transverse profile measurements, a longitudinal bunch shape monitor and a slit-and-grid emittance meter. The instrumentation performance is discussed and the measurement results that allowed characterizing the 3 MeV beam in the LINAC4 tunnel are summarized.

Zocca, F; Duraffourg, M; Focker, G J; Gerard, D; Kolad, B; Lenardon, F; Ludwig, M; Raich, U; Roncarolo, F; Sordet, M; Tan, J; Tassan-Viol, J; Vuitton, C; Feshenko, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Status and Future Perspectives of the HIE-Isolde Project at CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The High Intensity and Energy (HIE)-ISOLDE project aims at several important upgrades of the present ISOLDE radioactive beam facility at CERN. The main focus lies in the energy upgrade of the post-accelerated radionuclide beams from 3 MeV/u up to 10 MeV/u through the addition of superconducting cavities. This will open the possibility of many new types of experiments including transfer reactions throughout the nuclear chart. The first stage of this upgrade involves the design, construction, installation and commissioning of two high-? cryomodules downstream of REX-ISOLDE, the existing post-accelerator. Each cryomodule houses five high-? superconducting cavities and one superconducting solenoid. Prototypes of the Nb-sputtered Quarter Wave Resonators (QWRs) cavities for the new superconducting linear accelerator have been manufactured and are undergoing RF cold tests. The project also includes a design study of improved production targets to accommodate to the future increase of proton intensity delivered by ...

Kadi, Y; Blumenfeld, Y; Calatroni, S; Catherall, R; Fraser, M A; Goddard, B; Parchet, D; Siesling, E; Venturini Delsolaro, W; Voulot, D; Williams, L R

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

A new search for anomalous neutrino oscillations at the CERN-PS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The LSND experiment has observed a 3.8 sigma excess of anti-nu_e events from an anti-nu_mu beam coming from pions at rest. If confirmed, the LSND anomaly would imply new physics beyond the standard model, presumably in the form of some additional sterile neutrinos. The MiniBooNE experiment at FNAL-Booster has further searched for the LSND anomaly. Above 475 MeV, the nu_e result is excluding the LSND anomaly to about 1.6 sigma but it introduces an unexplained, new 3.0 sigma anomaly at lower energies, down to 200 MeV. The nu_e data have so far an insufficient statistics to be conclusive with LSND's anti-nu_e. The present proposal at the CERN-PS is based on two strictly identical LAr-TPC detectors in the near and far positions, respectively at 127 and 850 m from the neutrino (or antineutrino) target and focussing horn, observing the electron-neutrino signal. This project will benefit from the already developed technology of ICARUS T600, well tested on surface in Pavia, without the need of any major R&D activity and without the added problems of an underground experiment (CNGS-2). The superior quality of the Liquid Argon imaging TPC and its unique electron - pi-zero discrimination allow full rejection of the NC background, without efficiency loss for electron neutrino detection. In two years of exposure, the far detector mass of 600 tons and a reasonable utilization of the CERN-PS with the refurbished previous TT7 beam line will allow to collect about 10^6 charged current events, largely adequate to settle definitely the LSND anomaly.

B. Baibussinov; E. Calligarich; S. Centro; D. Gibin; A. Guglielmi; F. Pietropaolo; C. Rubbia; P. Sala

2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

369

Biomass Refining  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...little acetic or lactic acid (2). Corn stover is a promising feedstock for...with real feedstocks (3). With corn stover, inhibitory products slow...Natick workers showed that two-roll wet milling is effective and relatively inexpensive...

Henry R. Bungay

1982-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

370

Reductions in Northeast Refining Activity: Potential Implications for Petroleum Product Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reductions in Northeast Reductions in Northeast Refining Activity: Potential Implications for Petroleum Product Markets December 2011 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Reductions in Northeast Refining Activity: Potential Implications for Petroleum Product Markets i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the U.S. Department of Energy

371

Table 1A","Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD District (Domestic  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A","Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD District (Domestic)" A","Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD District (Domestic)" ,"(Dollars per Barrel)" ,,," "," " ,,,"Previous ","Final" "Frequency","Date","Area","Price","Price","Difference" "Annual",2010,"PAD District 2",78.7,78.85,0.15 ,,"PAD District 4",73.65,73.56,-0.09 ,,"U.S.",77.96,78.01,0.05 ,2011,"PAD District 3",103.19,103.24,0.05 ,,"PAD District 2",96.82,96.81,-0.01 ,,"PAD District 4",89.36,89.34,-0.02 ,,"U.S.",100.74,100.71,-0.03 ,,"PAD District 5",103.85,103.83,-0.02 "Month","application/vnd.ms-excel","PAD District 4",73.68,72.66,-1.02

372

A consistent approach to large eddy simulation using adaptive mesh refinement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The large eddy simulation of turbulent flows is discussed with particular attention paid to the issue of commutation of differentiation and filtering. Multi-level adaptive mesh refinement is proposed as a means of mostly avoiding commutation errors where increased grid resolution is required to capture key flow features. The strategy is to employ multiple uniform grids in a nested hierarchy using a constant-width filter for each grid. It is shown that commutivity of fine and coarse grid filters must be enforced in order to consistently relate variables at different refinement levels. Methods for treating fine grid boundaries and walls are also discussed. It is shown that errors associated with boundary treatments are small and localized.

Cook, A.W.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Hydrogen transfer in transformations of olefin and thiophene compounds for the refining of gasoline fractions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Hydrogen transfer reactions in the transformations of mixtures of model hydrocarbons (hydrogen donors and acceptors) on zeolite catalysts were studied. Hydrogen donors were represented by various classes of hydrocarbons, and acceptorsby unsaturated (olefin) and thiophene compounds. The [H]-donor activity series of hydrocarbons was revealed. Strong differences in the transformation pathways of 1-hexene and 1-octene under the conditions of catalytic refining were demonstrated. A new method for the refining of low-rank gasoline fractions was proposed. The method is based on the hydrogen transfer reactions between hydrogen donor hydrocarbons and hydrogen acceptor hydrocarbons, which proceed without molecular hydrogen. The proposed method allows the simultaneous removal of sulfur (more than 95%) and unsaturated (more than 90%) compounds.

Oleg V. Potapenko; Vladimir P. Doronin; Tatyana P. Sorokina; Vladimir A. Likholobov

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

Not Available

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Characterization of U-6Nb ingots produced via the electron beam cold hearth refining process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was undertaken at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to characterize uranium, 6% niobium ingots produced via electron beam melting, hearth refining and continuous casting and to compare this material with conventional VIM/skull melt/VAR material. Samples of both the ingot and feed material were analyzed for niobium and trace metallic elements, carbon, oxygen and nitrogen. This material was also inspected metallographically and via microprobe analysis.

McKoon, R.H.

1997-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

376

Vacuum-induction melting, refining, and casting of uranium and its alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The vacuum-induction melting (VIM), refining, and casting of uranium and its alloys are discussed. Emphasis is placed on historical development, VIM equipment, crucible and mold design, furnace atmospheres, melting parameters, impurity pickup, ingot quality, and economics. The VIM procedures used to produce high-purity, high-quality sound ingots at the US Department of Energy Rocky Flats Plant are discussed in detail.

Jackson, R.J.

1989-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

377

Techno-economic evaluation of waste lube oil re-refining in Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

About 80 million gallons of automotive lubricating oils are sold in Saudi Arabia. Much of this oil, after use, is actually contributing to the increased pollution of land because of indiscriminate dumping. Any scheme of secondary use of the waste lube oils would be of interest both for conservation of energy resources and for protection of environment. This paper discusses the secondary use for the used automotive lubricating oils. Process technology of Meinken, Mohawk and KTI were selected for the techno-economic feasibility study for re-refining used oil. Profitability analysis for each process is worked out and the results are compared. In many countries, the re-refining of used oils has become an important industry. The objective of recovering high quality raffinates is attained through the use of widely differing techniques. The processes concerned can be classified according to the chemical or physical method of used-oil pretreatment selected. Meinken process is based on chemical pretreatment, whereas both Mohawk and KTI processes employ physical methods involving distillation and eliminate the use of sulfuric acid, thus providing a facility for safer operation than Meinken. The plant capacity of two existing units in Jeddah are 10,000 TPA and 80,000 TPA re-refining of waste oil. We selected a plant of 50,000 TPA waste oil re-refining for economic study of these three processes. The authors wish to acknowledge the support from King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals and King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology for this work.

Ali, F.M.; Hamdan, A.J.; Rahman, F. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum & Minerals, Dharan (Saudi Arabia)] [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

378

Re-refined lubrication oils. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning treatments and re-refining of used lubrication oils. Topics include the decontamination processes, reclamation of automobile oils, and handling and storage of waste oils. Environmental analyses of used oil recycling are included. Environmental, resource conservation, and economic aspects of recycled lubricating oils are also discussed. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Property:Ind cons | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ind cons Ind cons Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Number of consumers in industrial sector Pages using the property "Ind cons" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 20 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - August 2008 + 20 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 + 19 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 + 20 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2009 + 19 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 + 20 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009 + 19 +

380

Property:Res cons | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Res cons Res cons Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Number of consumers in residential sector Pages using the property "Res cons" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 35,751 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - August 2008 + 36,069 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 + 35,980 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 + 35,731 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2009 + 36,097 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 + 35,677 +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Property:Oth cons | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oth cons Oth cons Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Number of consumers in other sector Pages using the property "Oth cons" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) C Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 1 + Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 + 1 + Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 + 1 + Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2009 + 1 + Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 + 1 + Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009 + 1 + Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - June 2008 + 1 +

382

Property:Tot cons | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tot cons Tot cons Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Number of consumers in total sector Pages using the property "Tot cons" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 43,876 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - August 2008 + 44,629 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 + 44,709 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 + 43,814 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2009 + 44,798 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 + 43,779 +

383

Property:Com cons | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Com cons Com cons Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Number of consumers in commercial sector Pages using the property "Com cons" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 8,105 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - August 2008 + 8,540 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 + 8,710 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 + 8,063 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2009 + 8,682 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 + 8,082 +

384

ConEdison Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ConEdison Solutions ConEdison Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name ConEdison Solutions Address 701 Westchester Avenue, Suite 300 East Place White Plains, New York Zip 10604 Sector Services Product Green Power Marketer Website http://conedisonsolutions.com/ Coordinates 41.026762°, -73.737896° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.026762,"lon":-73.737896,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

385

Using high-order methods on adaptively refined block-structured meshes - discretizations, interpolations, and filters.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Block-structured adaptively refined meshes (SAMR) strive for efficient resolution of partial differential equations (PDEs) solved on large computational domains by clustering mesh points only where required by large gradients. Previous work has indicated that fourth-order convergence can be achieved on such meshes by using a suitable combination of high-order discretizations, interpolations, and filters and can deliver significant computational savings over conventional second-order methods at engineering error tolerances. In this paper, we explore the interactions between the errors introduced by discretizations, interpolations and filters. We develop general expressions for high-order discretizations, interpolations, and filters, in multiple dimensions, using a Fourier approach, facilitating the high-order SAMR implementation. We derive a formulation for the necessary interpolation order for given discretization and derivative orders. We also illustrate this order relationship empirically using one and two-dimensional model problems on refined meshes. We study the observed increase in accuracy with increasing interpolation order. We also examine the empirically observed order of convergence, as the effective resolution of the mesh is increased by successively adding levels of refinement, with different orders of discretization, interpolation, or filtering.

Ray, Jaideep; Lefantzi, Sophia; Najm, Habib N.; Kennedy, Christopher A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

An investigation on recycling the recovered uranium from electro-refining process in a CANDU reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Feasibility studies for recycling the recovered uranium from electro-refining process of pyroprocessing into a Canada Deuterium Uranium (CANDU) reactor have been carried out with a source term analysis code ORIGEN-S, a reactor lattice analysis code WIMS-AECL, and a Monte Carlo analysis code MCNPX. The uranium metal can be recovered in a solid cathode during an electro-refining process and has a form of a dendrite phase with about 99.99% expecting recovery purity. Considering some impurities of transuranic (TRU) elements and fission products in the recovered uranium, sensitivity calculations were also performed for the compositions of impurities. For a typical spent PWR fuel of 3.0wt.% of uranium enrichment, 30GWD/tU burnup and 10years cooling, the recovered uranium exhibited an extended burnup up to 14GWD/tU. And among the several safety parameters, the void reactivity at the equilibrium state was estimated 15mk. Additionally, a simple sphere model was constructed to analyze surface dose rates with the Monte Carlo calculations. It was found that the recovered uranium from the spent PWR fuel by electro-refining process has a significant radioactivity depending on the impurities such as fission products.

Chang Je Park; Kweon Ho Kang; Jung Won Lee; Ki Seog Seo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Biofuels: A Survey on Pros and Cons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biofuels: A Survey on Pros and Cons ... The paper presents the main biofuel types that are used today or can be used in the future, their properties and characteristics, and their production technologies and focuses on the evaluation and main economic, environmental, and social impacts of biofuels, measuring the pros and cons of their use in energy production. ... For example, some researchers evaluate a biofuel only from an environmental or economic point of view, or they give some scatter values and compare them to the corresponding values of fossil fuels to show whether or not biofuels prevail against fossil fuels. ...

Evangelos C. Petrou; Costas P. Pappis

2009-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

388

CERN News: Selection of the type of superconducting coil for the Omega project; New intensity records at the proton synchrotron; Progress with the Spiral Reader film measuring equipment; New technique at transition energy on the proton synchrotron; CERN Courier 10th anniversary; Equipment travelling from and to Serpukhov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CERN News: Selection of the type of superconducting coil for the Omega project; New intensity records at the proton synchrotron; Progress with the Spiral Reader film measuring equipment; New technique at transition energy on the proton synchrotron; CERN Courier 10th anniversary; Equipment travelling from and to Serpukhov

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

ORNL/CON-499 TEXAS FIELD EXPERIMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORNL/CON-499 TEXAS FIELD EXPERIMENT: Performance of the Weatherization Assistance Program in Hot of the Weatherization Assistance Program in Hot-Climate, Low-Income Homes Lance McCold Richard Goeltz Mark Ternes Linda Berry Date Published: April 2008 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Office of Weatherization

Pennycook, Steve

390

Materiales y Heteroestructuras con aplicacin en spintronica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cercana al 100% Estudiamos Materiales que presentan MAGNETO-RESISTENCIA COLOSAL ¿Por qué? Instituto deMateriales y Heteroestructuras con aplicación en spintronica El magnetismo ha sido objeto de más cargas hay en movimiento más fuerte es el campo magnético -Ciertos materiales potencian la

391

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.c Goy - a.a. 2010 contenuto nel cookie) Goy - a.a. 2010/2011 Programmazione Web 3 PHP: cookie - I E' possibile scrivere e leggere cookie utilizzando PHP Per scrivere un cookie, utilizzo la funzione predefinita setcookie

Goy, Anna

392

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.d Goy - a.a. 2009 di interazione home.html ll h identif.php cancella.php cancellato.php logout.phpacquisti.php Goy - a.a. 2009/2010 Programmazione Web 5 sess_scad.html home.html - login/registrazione utente identif.php

Goy, Anna

393

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.d Goy - a.a. 2010 di interazione home.html ll h identif.php cancella.php cancellato.php logout.phpacquisti.php Goy - a.a. 2010/2011 Programmazione Web 5 sess_scad.html home.html - login/registrazione utente identif.php

Goy, Anna

394

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.c Goy - a.a. 2011 server contenuto nel cookie) Goy - a.a. 2011/2012 Programmazione Web 3 PHP: cookie - I E' possibile scrivere e leggere cookie utilizzando PHP Per scrivere un cookie, utilizzo la funzione predefinita

Goy, Anna

395

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.c Goy - a.a. 2012 server contenuto nel cookie) Goy - a.a. 2012/2013 Programmazione Web 3 PHP: cookie - I E' possibile scrivere e leggere cookie utilizzando PHP Per scrivere un cookie, utilizzo la funzione predefinita

Goy, Anna

396

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.c Goy - a.a. 2009) Goy - a.a. 2009/2010 Programmazione Web 3 PHP: cookie - I E' possibile scrivere e leggere cookie utilizzando PHP Per scrivere un cookie, utilizzo la funzione predefinita setcookie(...): nome del cookie

Goy, Anna

397

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.d Goy - a.a. 2012 di interazione home.html ll h identif.php cancella.php cancellato.php logout.phpacquisti.php Goy - a.a. 2012/2013 Programmazione Web 5 sess_scad.html home.html - login/registrazione utente identif.php

Goy, Anna

398

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.d Goy - a.a. 2011 di interazione home.html ll h identif.php cancella.php cancellato.php logout.phpacquisti.php Goy - a.a. 2011/2012 Programmazione Web 5 sess_scad.html home.html - login/registrazione utente identif.php

Goy, Anna

399

Refined understanding of sulfur amino acid nutrition in hybrid striped bass, Morone chrysops (male symbol) x M. saxatilis (female symbol)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to methionine supported the lowest responses. Inclusion of MHA or AlimetTM did not affect TAN excretion of HSB. These findings will aid in refining diet formulations for HSB to ensure adequate sulfur amino acid nutrition....

Kelly, Mark Christopher

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

400

Summary of findings from the Biomass Refining Consortium for Applied Fundamentals and Innovation (CAFI): corn stover pretreatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Biomass Refining Consortium for Applied Fundamentals and Innovation, with members from Auburn University ... the course of two separate USDA- and DOE-funded projects, these pretreatment technologies were appl...

Richard T. Elander; Bruce E. Dale; Mark Holtzapple; Michael R. Ladisch

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline from a Barrel of Oil  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A standard U.S. barrel contains 42 gallons of crude oil which yields about 44 gallons of petroleum products. The additional 2 gallons of petroleum products come from refiner gains which result in...

402

A study of solvent refining of cottonseed oil by use of a rotating core countercurrent extraction column  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Conclusions 7. Bibliography 8. Appendix 23 27 A STUDY OF SOLVENT REFINING OP COTTONSEED OIL BY USE OF A ROTATING CORE COUNTERCURRENT EXTRACTION COLUMN INTRODUCTION In th1s study the applicability oi several solvents for solvent refining crude... countercurrent ex- traction column. Cottonseed oil is essent1ally a triglyceride but contains also a number of impurities. Jamieson and Baughman (7) report the following 1n crude cottonseed oil& rai'finose, pentosans, resins, proteoses, peptones...

Holbrook, Charles Ray

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Grain refinement using equal channel angular extrusion in bulk sections of copper 101 and aluminum alloys 3003 and 6061  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GRAIN REFINEMENT USING EQUAL CHANNEL ANGULAR EXTRUSION IN BULK SECTIONS OF COPPER 101 AND ALUMINUM ALLOYS 3003 AND 6061 A Thesis by STEPHANE FERRASSE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1995 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering GRAIN REFINEMENT USING EQUAL CHANNEL ANGULAR EXTRUSION IN BULK SECTIONS OF COPPER 101 AND ALUMINUM ALLOYS 3003 AND 6061 A Thesis by STEPHANE FERRASSE...

Ferrasse, Stephane

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

The design and construction of a double-sided Silicon Microvertex Detector for the L3 experiment at CERN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Silicon Microvertex Detector (SMD) has been commissioned for the L3 experiment at the Large Electron-Positron colliding-beam accelerator (LEP) at the European Center for Nuclear Physics, (CERN). The SMD is a 72,672 channel, two layer barrel tracker that is comprised of 96 ac-coupled, double-sided silicon detectors. Details of the design and construction are presented.

Adam, A. [Technical Univ., Budapest (Hungary). Physical Inst.; Ahlen, S.; Marin, A.; Zhou, B. [Boston Univ., MA (United States); Ambrosi, G.; Babucci, E.; Bertucci, B.; Biasini, M.; Bilei, G.M.; Caria, M.; Checcucci, B.; Easo, S.; Fiandrini, E.; Krastev, V.R.; Massetti, R.; Pauluzzi, M.; Santocchia, A.; Servoli, L. [INFN/Universita di Perugia (Italy); Baschirotto, A.; Bosetti, M.; Pensotti, S.; Rancoita, P.G.; Rattaggi, M.; Terzi, G. [INFN/Universita di Milano (Italy); Battiston, R. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)]|[INFN/Universita di Perugia (Italy); Bay, A.; Burger, W.J.; Extermann, P.; Perrin, E.; Susinno, G.F. [Univ. of Geneva (Switzerland); Bencze, G.Y.L.; Kornis, J.; Toth, J. [KFKI/Research Inst. for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Budapest (Hungary); Bobbink, G.J.; Duinker, P. [NIKHEF, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Brooks, M.L.; Coan, T.E.; Kapustinsky, J.S.; Kinnison, W.W.; Lee, D.M.; Mills, G.B.; Thompson, T.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Busenitz, J.; DiBitonto, D. [Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States); Camps, C.; Commichau, V.; Hangartner, K.; Schmitz, P. [RWTH, Aachen (Germany). 3. Physikalisches Institut; Castellini, G. [INFN/IROE, Firenze (Italy); Chen, A.; Hou, S.; Lin, W.T. [NCU, Chung/Li (Taiwan, Province of China); Gougas, A.; Kim, D.; Paul, T. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Hauviller, C.; Herve, A.; Josa, I. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Landi, G. [INFN/Universita di Firenze (Italy); Lebeau, M. [LAPP, Annecy (France); Lecomte, P.; Viertel, G.M.; Waldmeier, S. [ETH Zurich (Switzerland); Leiste, R. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)]|[DESY-IFH, Zeuthen (Germany); Lejeune, E.; Weill, R. [Univ. of Lausanne (Switzerland); Lohmann, W.; Nowak, H.; Sachwitz, M.; Schoeniech, B.; Tonisch, F.; Trowitzsch, G.; Vogt, H. [DESY-IFH, Zeuthen (Germany); Passaleva, G. [INFN/Universita di Firenze (Italy)]|[INFN/Universita di Perugia (Italy); Yeh, S.C. [National Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu (Taiwan)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

THE MERIT HIGH-POWER TARGET EXPERIMENT AT THE CERN PS K.T. McDonald,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

37831, U.S.A. P.H. Titus, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ 08543, U.S.A. JTHE MERIT HIGH-POWER TARGET EXPERIMENT AT THE CERN PS K.T. McDonald, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, U.S.A. H.G. Kirk, H. Park, T. Tsang, BNL, Upton, NY 11973, U.S.A. I. Efthymiopoulos, A

McDonald, Kirk

406

LA MAESTRA EN CIENCIAS (NEUROBIOLOGA), Con el objetivo de formar profesionales con conocimientos slidos de los  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LA MAESTRÍA EN CIENCIAS (NEUROBIOLOGÍA), Con el objetivo de formar profesionales con conocimientos, neurociencias, psicobiología, física, matemáticas, estadística y metodología de la ciencia, a presentar su Nacional de Posgrado de Calidad del Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología en categoría: COMPETENTE

Islas, León

407

Direct Reduction of Waste through Refining of DOE Metal Assets - 13632  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CVMR{sup R} presents a technology for refining nickel from the enrichment barrier materials of the DOE that is proven through 100 years of use by the metals industry. CVMR{sup R} applies modern controls, instrumentation for process and monitoring of the system, and innovative production methods to produce a wide spectrum of products that generate new technology applications and improvements to our society and economy. CVMR{sup R} will receive barrier materials as a secure operation and size reduce the metal to a shred that is fed to a carbonylation reactor where nickel is reacted with carbon monoxide and generate nickel carbonyl. The carbonyl will be filtered and decomposed with heat to form a variety of products that include high value nano powders, coated substrates, net shapes and pure nickel. The residue from the reactor will retain radionuclides from enrichment activities. The carbon monoxide will only react and extract nickel under the operating conditions to leave volumetric contamination in the unreacted residue. A demonstration plant was designed and built by CVMR{sup R} and operated by BWXT, to demonstrate the systems capabilities to DOE in 2006. A pilot plant operation precedes the detailed design of the nickel refinery and provides essential data for design, safe work practices, waste characterizations and system kinetics and confirms the project feasibility. CVMR{sup R} produces nickel products that are cleaner than the nickel in U.S. commerce and used by industry today. The CVMR{sup R} process and systems for nickel refining is well suited for DOE materials and will provide value through environmental stewardship, recovery of high value assets, and support of the DOE environmental remediation programs as the refined nickel generates additional long term benefits to local communities. (authors)

Hargett, Michael C.; Terekhov, Dimitri; Khozan, Kamran M. [Chemical Vapour Metal Refining - CVMR (United States)] [Chemical Vapour Metal Refining - CVMR (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

An angularly refineable phase space finite element method with approximate sweeping procedure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An angularly refineable phase space finite element method is proposed to solve the neutron transport equation. The method combines the advantages of two recently published schemes. The angular domain is discretized into small patches and patch-wise discontinuous angular basis functions are restricted to these patches, i.e. there is no overlap between basis functions corresponding to different patches. This approach yields block diagonal Jacobians with small block size and retains the possibility for S{sub n}-like approximate sweeping of the spatially discontinuous elements in order to provide efficient preconditioners for the solution procedure. On the other hand, the preservation of the full FEM framework (as opposed to collocation into a high-order S{sub n} scheme) retains the possibility of the Galerkin interpolated connection between phase space elements at arbitrary levels of discretization. Since the basis vectors are not orthonormal, a generalization of the Riemann procedure is introduced to separate the incoming and outgoing contributions in case of unstructured meshes. However, due to the properties of the angular discretization, the Riemann procedure can be avoided at a large fraction of the faces and this fraction rapidly increases as the level of refinement increases, contributing to the computational efficiency. In this paper the properties of the discretization scheme are studied with uniform refinement using an iterative solver based on the S{sub 2} sweep order of the spatial elements. The fourth order convergence of the scalar flux is shown as anticipated from earlier schemes and the rapidly decreasing fraction of required Riemann faces is illustrated. (authors)

Kophazi, J.; Lathouwers, D. [Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, NL-2629 JB Delft (Netherlands)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Projects 00516 North Dakota Refining Capacity Study  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

North Dakota Refining Capacity Study North Dakota Refining Capacity Study DE-FE0000516 Goal The objective of the North Dakota Refining Capacity study is to assess the feasibility of increasing the oil refinery capacity in North Dakota, and, if possible, determine the scale of such an expansion, the slate of refined product(s) that would produce the most economic benefit, and the preferred ownership model, i.e., private, public or private-public. Performer North Dakota Association of Rural Electric Cooperatives (NDAREC) Corval Group, partnered with Purvin & Gertz and Mustang Engineering Background The genesis of this study came from an April 2008 report issued by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) asserting that North Dakota and Montana have an estimated 3.0 to 4.3 billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable oil in an area known as the Bakken Formation. This assessment shows a 25-fold increase in the amount of recoverable oil compared to the USGS 1995 estimate of 151 million barrels of oil. The Bakken Formation estimate is larger than all other current USGS oil assessments of the lower 48 states and is the largest "continuous" oil accumulation ever assessed by the USGS. The new report points out that the new geologic models applied to the Bakken Formation, advances in drilling and production technologies, and recent oil discoveries have resulted in these substantially larger technically recoverable oil volumes. About 105 million barrels of oil were produced from the Bakken Formation by the end of 2007. In 2008, the formation produced another 27.2 million barrels of oil, which represented 43% of the state’s annual oil production of some 62.3 million barrels. Even though oil prices have dropped significantly in recent months, it appears that oil production from this formation will continue strong for decades to come. Most recently, a major production find has occurred in the Three Forks formation underlying the Bakken. This find is still undergoing significant testing, but early evidence suggests it represents another significant recoverable pool of oil in western North Dakota.

410

Introduction to Energy Savings in Process Heating for the Corn Refining  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Savings in Process Heating for the Corn Savings in Process Heating for the Corn Refining Industry Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

411

Implementation of the refined Deutsch-Jozsa algorithn on a 3-bit NMR quantum computer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We implemented the refined Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm on a 3-bit nuclear magnetic resonance quantum computer, which is the meaningful test of quantum parallelism because qubits are entangled. All of the balanced and constant functions were realized exactly. The results agree well with theoretical predictions and clearly distinguish the balanced functions from constant functions. Efficient refocusing schemes were proposed for the soft z-pulse and J-coupling and it is proved that the thermal equilibrium state gives the same results as the pure state for this algorithm.

Jaehyun Kim; Jae-Seung Lee; Soonchil Lee; Chaejoon Cheong

1999-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

412

European refiners must seek creative processes to justify heavy-ends projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are strong reasons for wanting to upgrade the bottom of the crude oil barrel. But European refiners will not find it easy to get approval and funding for major capital investment projects. In most cases, investment justification will have to be creative and may need to rely on factors traditionally considered to be outside the conventional refinery fence. Examples of such creative upgrading schemes are those employed in four gasification projects planned for refineries in Italy. It is clear that the major obstacles to heavy residue processing are not technical, but economic. A review of these obstacles will set the stage for European investment in bottom-of-the-barrel processing.

Hunt, P. [Chem Systems Ltd., London (United Kingdom)

1996-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

413

Design refinements and support systems for Texas A&M Automatic Marine Corer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to thank his wife, Tommie, for her patience and moral support during the project. vi TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapters I. INTRODUCTION, Page II. DESIGN REFINEMENTS AND TESTING. III. WINCE AND A-FRAME ASSEMBLY AND SUPPORT VESSEL . . 23 IV. LUBRICATION... for testing and demonstration purposes . The parts required for one assembly are shown in Fig. 3. At the time of ordering the material, only 3. 75 in. diameter solid round stock was available. The cutting away of excess stock to produce a 3 in. diameter...

Henderson, Herman Olen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

414

Techno-economic evaluation of waste lube oil re-refining in Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

About 80 million gallons of automotive lubricating oils are sold in Saudi Arabia. Much of this oil, after use, is actually contributing to the increased pollution of land because of indiscriminate dumping. Any scheme of secondary use of the waste lube oils would be of interest both for conservation of energy resources and for protection of environment. This paper discusses the secondary use for the used automotive lubricating oils. Process technology of Meinken, Mohawk and KTI were selected for the techno-economic feasibility study for refining used oil. Profitability analysis of each process is worked out and the results are compared.

Ali, M.F.; Hamdan, A.J.; Rahman, F. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

415

Growth of barley exposed to solvent refined coal (SRC) materials added to soil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growth of barley plants (Hordeum vulgare) grown in Ritzville silt loam soil, treated with solvent refined coal material, SRC solid (SRC I) and SRC liquid (SRC II) was examined. Although the SRC materials will not be introduced to soil or surface waters in normal uses, they could be spilled during transportation. Such spills could contaminate surface waters and agricultural, rangeland and forest soils, possibly causing acute or chronic damage to plants and also provide a way for certain inorganic and organic materials to enter food chains.

Cline, J.F.; Rickard, W.H.; Thiede, M.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Quantitative phase analysis of Mg:ZrO{sub 2} nanoparticles by Rietveld refinement method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To quantify the structural phases of nanocrystalline ZrO{sub 2} doped with Mg ions of varying concentrations (3, 5, 10, 15 and 20%) and annealed at different temperatures. Magnesia doped zirconia was prepared by chemical co-precipitation method and annealed up to 1000C. The monoclinic and tetragonal phases present in Mg:ZrO{sub 2} were quantified using Rietveld refinement analysis of the X-ray diffraction data and compared with the Direct method based on peak intensity calculations. Tetragonal phase was dominant in the 600C annealed Mg:ZrO{sub 2} for all Mg concentrations.

Balaji, V., E-mail: thangadurai.p@gmail.com; Senthilkumaran, S., E-mail: thangadurai.p@gmail.com; Thangadurai, P., E-mail: thangadurai.p@gmail.com [Center for Nano Science and Technology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry- 605014 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

417

Microstructural refinement of W-Ni-Fe heavy alloys by alloying additions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This communication describes the effect of alloying additions on grain refinement in tungsten heavy alloys and the resulting changes in mechanical properties. The body-centered-cubic refractory metals, like molybdenum and tantalum, have total solubility in tungsten and a high solubility in the matrix. The solubility of the additive in tungsten provides a means to increase the strength by solid-solution hardening. Alternatively, the solubility of tungsten in the matrix is the key to grain growth and possible strengthening by a reduction in the grain-growth size.

German, R.M.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Reach of CERN LEP2 and Fermilab Tevatron upgrades for Higgs bosons in supersymmetric models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Luminosity upgrades of the Fermilab Tevatron pp collider have been shown to allow experimental detection of a standard model (SM) Higgs boson up to mHSM?120 GeV via WHSM?l?bb events. This limit nearly saturates the parameter space for many models of weak scale supersymmetry (SUSY) with a minimal particle content. It is therefore interesting to examine the SUSY Higgs reach of future Tevatron experiments. Contours are presented of Higgs boson reach for CERN LEP2 and Tevatron luminosity upgrades for three models of weak scale SUSY: the minimal supersymmetric standard model, the minimal supergravity model and a simple gauge mediated SUSY breaking model. In each case we find a substantial gain in reach at the Tevatron with integrated luminosity increasing from 10 fb-1 to 2530 fb-1. With the larger integrated luminosity, a Higgs boson search at the Tevatron should be able to probe essentially the entire parameter space of these models. While a discovery would be very exciting, a negative result would severely constrain our ideas about how weak scale supersymmetry is realized.

Howard Baer, B. W. Harris, and Xerxes Tata

1998-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

419

Development of high efficiency Versatile Arc Discharge Ion Source at CERN ISOLDE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report here recent developments of Forced Electron Beam Induced Arc Discharge (FEBIAD) ion sources at the ISOLDE radioactive ion beam facility, hosted at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). As a result of the propositions to improve the ionization efficiency, two FEBIAD prototypes have been produced and successfully tested in 2008. Off-line studies showed that the 1+ ionization efficiencies for noble gases are 5-20 times larger than with the standard ISOLDE FEBIAD ion sources and reach 60% for radon, which allowed the identification at ISOLDE of {sup 229}Rn, an isotope that had never previously been observed in the laboratory. A factor of 3 increase is also expected for the ionization efficiency of the other elements. The experimental and theoretical methodology is presented. The theoretical model, which gives precise insights on the processes affecting the ionization, is used to design optimal sources (grouped under the name of VADIS - Versatile Arc Discharge Ion Source) for the different chemical classes of the produced isotopes, as already demonstrated for the noble gases.

Penescu, L.; Catherall, R.; Lettry, J.; Stora, T. [CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

SPL-based Proton Driver for a nu-Factory at CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The conceptual design and feasibility studies for a nu-Factory Proton Driver based on the CERN Superconducting Proton Linac (SPL) have been com- pleted. In the proposed scenario, the 4 MW proton beam (H- beam) is acceler- ated with the upgraded High Power (HP)-SPL to 5 GeV, stored in an accumu- lator ring and nally transported to a compressor ring, where bunch rotation takes place, in order to achieve the specic time structure. We here summa- rize the choices in terms of lattice, magnet technology and RF manipulations in the two rings. The possible critical issues, such as heating of the foil for the charge-exchange injection, space-charge problems in the compressor and beam stability in the accumulator ring, have been addressed and are shown not to be show-stoppers. The analysis focuses on the baseline scenario, consider- ing 6 bunches in the accumulator, and preliminary studies are discussed for the option of 3 or a single bunch per burst.

Benedetto, E; Garoby, R; Meddahi, M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Shielding Studies for the CERN Super-Proton-Synchrotron at Experimental Point 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The European Laboratory for Particle Research, CERN has been operated the Super Proton Sychrotron (SPS) for more than 30 years with the shielding design knowledge of the early 70s. At that time particle transport codes were neither available nor capable of dealing with deep lateral shielding calculations. For the future LHC increasing projected values of beam intensity in the SPS and decreasing limits to radiation exposure have led to the need to re-assess the shielding at point 5 of the SPS. 20 years ago this area housed the UA1 experiment of Carlo Rubbia (nobel-price 1984). The thesis describes a re-assessment based on simulations using the multi-purpose radiation transport codes FLUKA and MCNPX. The latter one was utilized for geometry design and to compare variance reduction methods. Different assumed beam-loss points along the beam-line together with fluence-to-doserate conversion calculations were used to find the worst case scenario. Dose-rates as well as particle-energy spectra inside the accessible a...

Mller, Mario J

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Solvent refined coal process: operation of the solvent refined coal pilot plant, Wilsonville, Alabama. First quarter report, January-March 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the operating conditions and test results obtained during the first quarter of 1981 at the six ton per day solvent refined coal (SRC-I) pilot plant in Wilsonville, Alabama. The plant operated for approximately two-thirds of the period with a scheduled shutdown, from 22 February to 17 March, accounting for most of the downtime. Kentucky 9 coal from the Fies mine was processed throughout the period. The following potential process improvements and tests were evaluated in the respective process units. SRC Unit: Low severity run tests to evaluate SRC reactor conditions for two-stage liquefaction; process solvent quality studies while simulating demonstration plant conditions with low quality process solvent (anthracene oil); operation of the new, reduced volume and residence time, V103 High Pressure Separator; Evaluation of the hot separator mode of operation; and adjustment of the T102 Vacuum Column operation to determine if it can produce a combined trays 3 and 8 stream that would be an acceptable process solvent (95% boiling at over 450/sup 0/F). CSD Unit: Steam stripping of SRC and LSRC to reduce product-related DAS losses; and ambient and cryogenic SRC sampling comparisons for DAS determination tests. Pressure checking of the hydrotreater unit was completed, and the Dowtherm system was placed in service. Solvent circulation was initiated in the unit as efforts continued to verify equipment performance.

Lewis, H.E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Table 3b. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

b. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual b. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual Projected Price in Nominal Dollars (nominal dollars per barrel) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 17.06 17.21 18.24 19.43 20.64 22.12 23.76 25.52 27.51 29.67 31.86 34.00 36.05 38.36 40.78 43.29 45.88 48.37 AEO 1995 15.24 17.27 18.23 19.26 20.39 21.59 22.97 24.33 25.79 27.27 28.82 30.38 32.14 33.89 35.85 37.97 40.28 AEO 1996 17.16 17.74 18.59 19.72 20.97 22.34 23.81 25.26 26.72 28.22 29.87 31.51 33.13 34.82 36.61 38.48 40.48

424

Table 3a. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual a. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual Projected Price in Constant Dollars (constant dollars per barrel in "dollar year" specific to each AEO) AEO Dollar Year 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 1992 16.69 16.43 16.99 17.66 18.28 19.06 19.89 20.72 21.65 22.61 23.51 24.29 24.90 25.60 26.30 27.00 27.64 28.16 AEO 1995 1993 14.90 16.41 16.90 17.45 18.00 18.53 19.13 19.65 20.16 20.63 21.08 21.50 21.98 22.44 22.94 23.50 24.12 AEO 1996 1994 16.81 16.98 17.37 17.98 18.61 19.27 19.92 20.47 20.97 21.41 21.86 22.25 22.61 22.97 23.34 23.70 24.08

425

Integrated analysis and design optimization of germanium purification process using zone-refining technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Germanium (Ge) is a preferred material in the fabrication of high-performance gamma radiation detector for spectroscopy in nuclear physics. To maintain an intrinsic region in which electrons and holes reach the contacts to produce a spectroscopic signal, germanium crystals are usually doped with lithium (Li) ions. Consequently, hyperpure germanium (HPGe) should be prepared before the doping process to eliminate the interference of unexpected impurities in the Li dopant. Zone-refining technique, widely used in purification of ultra-pure materials, is chosen as one of the purification steps during detector-grade germanium production. In the paper, numerical analysis has been conducted to analyze heat transfer, melt flow and impurity segregation during a multi-pass zone-refining process of germanium in a Cyberstar mirror furnace. By modifying the effective redistribution coefficients, axial segregations of various impurities are investigated. Marangoni convection is found dominant in the melt. It affects the purification process through modifying the boundary layer thickness. Impurity distributions along the ingot are obtained with different conditions, such as pass number, zone travel rate, initial impurity concentration, segregation coefficient, and hot-zone length. Based on the analysis, optimization of the purification process design is proposed.

Sen Wang; H.S. Fang; Z.L. Jin; C.J. Zhao; L.L. Zheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Relativistic magnetohydrodynamics in dynamical spacetimes: A new adaptive mesh refinement implementation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have written and tested a new general relativistic magnetohydrodynamics code, capable of evolving magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) fluids in dynamical spacetimes with adaptive-mesh refinement (AMR). Our code solves the Einstein-Maxwell-MHD system of coupled equations in full 3+1 dimensions, evolving the metric via the Baumgarte-Shapiro Shibata-Nakamura formalism and the MHD and magnetic induction equations via a conservative, high-resolution shock-capturing scheme. The induction equations are recast as an evolution equation for the magnetic vector potential, which exists on a grid that is staggered with respect to the hydrodynamic and metric variables. The divergenceless constraint {nabla}{center_dot}B=0 is enforced by the curl of the vector potential. Our MHD scheme is fully compatible with AMR, so that fluids at AMR refinement boundaries maintain {nabla}{center_dot}B=0. In simulations with uniform grid spacing, our MHD scheme is numerically equivalent to a commonly used, staggered-mesh constrained-transport scheme. We present code validation test results, both in Minkowski and curved spacetimes. They include magnetized shocks, nonlinear Alfven waves, cylindrical explosions, cylindrical rotating disks, magnetized Bondi tests, and the collapse of a magnetized rotating star. Some of the more stringent tests involve black holes. We find good agreement between analytic and numerical solutions in these tests, and achieve convergence at the expected order.

Etienne, Zachariah B.; Liu, Yuk Tung [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Shapiro, Stuart L.

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

427

Refined augmented Lagrange Hopfield network-based Lagrange relaxation for hydrothermal scheduling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes a refined augmented Lagrange Hopfield network-based Lagrange relaxation (ALHN-LR) for solving short term hydrothermal scheduling (HTS) problem with pumped-storage hydro units. ALHN-LR consists of improved Lagrange relaxation (ILR) and augmented Lagrange Hopfield network (ALHN). For solving the HTS problem, the proposed method applies enhanced ILR for finding thermal unit scheduling, ALHN for solving constrained economic dispatch (CED), and heuristic search-based algorithms in earlier papers for committing hydro and pumped-storage units, repairing ramp rate, emission, and transmission constraint violations, and refining the obtained result. The proposed ALHN which is a continuous Hopfield network with its energy function based on augmented Lagrangian function can properly handle both equality and inequality constraints in CED problem. The proposed ALHN-LR is tested on a hydrothermal system with 17 thermal, two hydro and two pumped-storage units, and the IEEE 24-bus reliability test system over the 168-hour schedule time horizon. Test results indicate that the proposed method can obtain less total costs than those from augmented Hopfield network (AHN), hybrid enhanced Lagrangian relaxation and quadratic programming (hybrid LRQP), and augmented Lagrangian relaxation (ALR).

Dieu Ngoc Vo; Weerakorn Ongsakul

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

8 Modern refining concepts-an update on naphtha-isomerization to modern gasoline manufacture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses several major refinery processes to improve RON. These include naphtha-isomerization, reforming, addition of FCC-Naphtha, alkylation, addition of oxygenates or polygas or butanes. Naphtha isomerization is a simple and very cost effective technology for octane replacement. Isomerization of light naphtha streams rich in C5's and C6's typically results in an increase of 10 to 20 octane numbers. The octane increase depends upon the feed composition and the octane need of the refiner. Proper selection of the isomerization technology is an assurance against lack of octane and surplus of benzene in the gasoline pool. Normal C5's and C6's typically are abundant in streams from gas condensate units, light raffinate from aromatics extraction units, and light straight-run naphtha from atmospheric distillation. Even benzene containing feedstocks became potential sources for isomerization as modern catalysts help to manage the benzene surplus through saturation and ring opening reactions to high octane product. This conversion of benzene is an added benefit of isomerization to refiners' economics, especially in those countries where extra credit is given for benzene reduction in the gasoline pool. The isomerization reaction takes place over a catalyst under relatively mild conditions in the presence of hydrogen.

Hartmut Weyda; Ernst Khler

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Swiss delegation checks out iCons November 9, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Swiss delegation checks out iCons November 9, 2011 Scientists from the ?�cole Polytechnique F for a one-day meeting with faculty, students, and staff of the Integrated Concentration in Science (iCons Sciences Building and spent the day learning how the UMass Amherst iCons program is structured to provide

Auerbach, Scott M.

430

iCons, 2011 Top 10 Scientific Achievements: Lesson Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

� iCons, 2011 Top 10 Scientific Achievements: Lesson Plan Handouts: 1. 2? #12; � iCons, 2011 Research Is there any organizational structure the iCons I course. Explain what/how they should submit their final statements in SPARK, and give them

Auerbach, Scott M.

431

New Case Study Writing iCons, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Case Study Writing � iCons, 2011 As the final team of iCons I. You will have an opportunity to see your work put to use through your participation as a mentor to the next cohort of iCons students. Several members of the student development team that worked

Auerbach, Scott M.

432

Self-consistent QM/MM methodologies for structural refinement of photosystem II and other macromolecules of biological interest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The combination of quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) is one of the most promising approaches to study the structure, function, and properties of proteins and nucleic acids. However, there some instances in which the limitations of either the MM (lack of a proper electronic description) or QM (limited to a few number of atoms) methods prevent a proper description of the system. To address this issue, we review here our approach to fine-tune the structure of biological systems using post-QM/MM refinements. These protocols are based on spectroscopy data, and/or partitioning of the system to extend the QM description to a larger region of a protein. We illustrate these methodologies through applications to several biomolecules, which were pre-optimized at the QM/MM level and then further refined using postQM/MM refinement methodologies: mod(QM/MM), which refines the atomic charges of the residues included in the MM region accounting for polarization effects; mod(QM/MM)-opt that partition the MM region in smaller parts and optimizes each part in an iterative. self-consistent way, and the Polarized-Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (P-EXAFS) fitting procedure, which fine-tune the atomic coordinates to reproduce experimental polarized EXAFS spectra. The first two techniques were applied to the guanine quadruplex. while the P-EXAFS refinement was applied to the oxygen evolving complex of photosystem II.

Batista, Enrique R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sproviero, Eduardo M [YALE UNIV; Newcomer, Michael [YALE UNIV; Gascon, Jose A [YALE UNIV; Batista, Victor S [YALE UNIV

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

1. R Aaij ,...,G.Alkhazov et al. First evidence for the decay Bs -> mu+ mu-. CERN-PH-EP-2012-335, LHCB-PAPER-2012-043  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 2 3 4 1. R Aaij ,...,G.Alkhazov et al. First evidence for the decay Bs -> mu+ mu-. CERN-PH-EP - + - LHCB-PAPER-2012-033, and B ¯ 0 s D s1 (2536) + -. CERN-PH-EP-2012-327 e-Print: arXiv:1211.1541 [hep-ex]. 4. R Aaij ,...,G.Alkhazov et al. Observation of D0-D0bar oscillations. CERN-PH-EP-2012-333, LHCB

Titov, Anatoly

434

Un aparte con Roberto Ramos-Perea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

es lo mejor que conozco, mi vida. As puedes entrecruzar la ficcin con la realidad... Eso es parte del juego. En el caso de Tuya siempre Julita, no tiene nada que ver conmigo porque la historia no es contempornea. Me met mucho en la vida de... comienzo de Tuya siempre... haces una advertencia que llamas Una confesin... Es como si no tuvieras nada que ver, como si no quisieras presentarnos a la Julia de Burgos. No, mira, es que hay unas consideraciones de carcter humanitarios. Considerando...

Montañ ez, Carmen L.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

E-Print Network 3.0 - acero microaleado con Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

: Carcasa: Realizada con chapa plegada, de acero o de ale- acin de aluminio de alta resistencia, con... : Realizada con chapa perforada, de ... Source: Espigares, Tscar -...

436

E-Print Network 3.0 - acero revestido con Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

: Carcasa: Realizada con chapa plegada, de acero o de ale- acin de aluminio de alta resistencia, con... : Realizada con chapa perforada, de ... Source: Espigares, Tscar -...

437

E-Print Network 3.0 - aceros aleados con Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

: Carcasa: Realizada con chapa plegada, de acero o de ale- acin de aluminio de alta resistencia, con... : Realizada con chapa perforada, de ... Source: Espigares, Tscar -...

438

Chemical Consortium Holdings Inc ChemCon | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consortium Holdings Inc ChemCon Consortium Holdings Inc ChemCon Jump to: navigation, search Name Chemical Consortium Holdings Inc (ChemCon) Place Bellingham, Washington State Zip 98228 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product Develops and operates projects in the bioethanol, biodiesel, methanol, hydrogen and liquid natural gas industries. References Chemical Consortium Holdings Inc (ChemCon)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Chemical Consortium Holdings Inc (ChemCon) is a company located in Bellingham, Washington State . References ↑ "Chemical Consortium Holdings Inc (ChemCon)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Chemical_Consortium_Holdings_Inc_ChemCon&oldid=343459

439

ConSol (Building Industry Research Alliance) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ConSol (Building Industry Research Alliance) ConSol (Building Industry Research Alliance) Jump to: navigation, search Name ConSol (Building Industry Research Alliance) Place Stockton, CA Website http://www.consol.com References ConSol (Building Industry Research Alliance)[1] Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type Incubator Partnering Center within NREL Electricity Resources & Building Systems Integration Partnership Year 2004 Link to project description http://www.nrel.gov/news/press/2004/382.html LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! ConSol (Building Industry Research Alliance) is a company located in Stockton, CA. References ↑ "ConSol (Building Industry Research Alliance)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=ConSol_(Building_Industry_Research_Alliance)&oldid=379316

440

The Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability 1995-2001  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Impact of Environmental Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability 1995-2001 May 2003 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Contacts This report was prepared in the Office of Energy Markets and End Use of the Energy Information Administration (EIA), U.S. Department of Energy, under the general direction of W. Calvin Kilgore. The project was directed by Mark E. Rodekohr, Director

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Reasons and current outlook for the sale of federal royalty oil to small and independent refiners  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Interior receives a royalty from oil production on federal lands. Interior can take the royalty as a cash payment or a portion of the oil itself, which it can then sell to small and independent refiners who are determined to be in need of crude oil supplies. Sales of this so-called royalty oil have been held about every 3 years since 1970. In early 1985, Interior announced its intention to terminate the program because of its declining importance and proposed legislation to that effect. While GAO sees no compelling need to legislatively restrict Interior's ability to hold future royalty oil sales now or in the future, it has identified several ways to improve the program's effectiveness. This report examines Interior's basis for the most recent sales and the current status and need for the royalty oil program and discusses ways in which its administration might be improved if future sales are held.

Not Available

1985-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

442

On the Computation of Integral Curves in Adaptive Mesh Refinement Vector Fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Integral curves, such as streamlines, streaklines, pathlines, and timelines, are an essential tool in the analysis of vector field structures, offering straightforward and intuitive interpretation of visualization results. While such curves have a long-standing tradition in vector field visualization, their application to Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR) simulation results poses unique problems. AMR is a highly effective discretization method for a variety of physical simulation problems and has recently been applied to the study of vector fields in flow and magnetohydrodynamic applications. The cell-centered nature of AMR data and discontinuities in the vector field representation arising from AMR level boundaries complicate the application of numerical integration methods to compute integral curves. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to alleviate these problems and show its application to streamline visualization in an AMR model of the magnetic field of the solar system as well as to a simulation of two incompressible viscous vortex rings merging.

Deines, Eduard; Weber, Gunther H.; Garth, Christoph; Van Straalen, Brian; Borovikov, Sergey; Martin, Daniel F.; Joy, Kenneth I.

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

443

Refined methods for the evaluation of coal resources, quantum leaps in productivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies of coal resource evaluations have been constantly refined since the inception of the Joint Coal Availability Project between the Kentucky Geological Survey and the U.S. Geological Survey in the mid 1980's. Originally geological, environmental, social and technical data was collected and analyzed on individual 7.5 minute quadrangles (areas of 50 to 60 square miles). Mineable coal beds were correlated using the best available data and map and mining information accuracy were closely scrutinized. Advancements in Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and the development of regional databases have allowed the US GS to model the geology and mining restrictions in the same detail, but, for much larger areas coal fields and basins, than in the past. This paper will discuss the GIS programs, methodologies, and computer hardware used in the coal evaluations, and results of Illinois, Powder River, and San Juan Basins and Wasatch Plateau studies.

Devereux Carter, M; Rohrbacher, T.; Molnia, C.L.; Osmonson, L.; Treworgy, C.G.; Weisenfluh, G.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Solvent-refined-coal (SRC) process. Volume II. Sections V-XIV. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the completion of development work on the Solvent Refined Coal Process by The Pittsburgh and Midway Coal Mining Co. The work was initiated in 1966 under Office of Coal Research, US Department of Interior, Contract No. 14-01-0001-496 and completed under US Department of Energy Contract No. DE-AC05-79ET10104. This report discusses work leading to the development of the SRC-I and SRC-II processes, construction of the Fort Lewis Pilot Plant for the successful development of these processes, and results from the operation of this pilot plant. Process design data generated on a 1 ton-per-day Process Development Unit, bench-scale units and through numerous research projects in support of the design of major demonstration plants are also discussed in summary form and fully referenced in this report.

Not Available

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

An adaptively refined phase-space element method for cosmological simulations and collisionless dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dark matter numerical simulations and the N-body method are essential for understanding how structure forms and evolves in the Universe. However, the discrete nature of N-body simulations can affect its accuracy when modelling collisionless systems. We introduce a new approach to simulate the gravitational evolution of cold collisionless fluids by solving the Vlasov-Poisson equations in terms of adaptively refineable "Lagrangian phase space elements". These geometrical elements are piecewise smooth maps between three-dimensional Lagrangian space and six-dimensional Eulerian phase space and approximate the continuum structure of the distribution function. They allow for dynamical adaptive splitting to follow the evolution even in regions of very strong mixing. We discuss various test problems which demonstrate the correctness and performance of our method. We show that it has several advantages compared to standard N-body algorithms by i) explicitly tracking the fine-grained distribution function, ii) naturall...

Hahn, Oliver

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Development of a performance-based industrial energy efficiency indicator for corn refining plants.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Organizations that implement strategic energy management programs have the potential to achieve sustained energy savings if the programs are carried out properly. A key opportunity for achieving energy savings that plant managers can take is to determine an appropriate level of energy performance by comparing their plant's performance with that of similar plants in the same industry. Manufacturing facilities can set energy efficiency targets by using performance-based indicators. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), through its ENERGY STAR{reg_sign} program, has been developing plant energy performance indicators (EPIs) to encourage a variety of U.S. industries to use energy more efficiently. This report describes work with the corn refining industry to provide a plant-level indicator of energy efficiency for facilities that produce a variety of products--including corn starch, corn oil, animal feed, corn sweeteners, and ethanol--for the paper, food, beverage, and other industries in the United States. Consideration is given to the role that performance-based indicators play in motivating change; the steps needed to develop indicators, including interacting with an industry to secure adequate data for an indicator; and the actual application and use of an indicator when complete. How indicators are employed in the EPA's efforts to encourage industries to voluntarily improve their use of energy is discussed as well. The report describes the data and statistical methods used to construct the EPI for corn refining plants. Individual equations are presented, as are the instructions for using them in an associated Excel spreadsheet.

Boyd, G. A.; Decision and Information Sciences; USEPA

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

447

Hybrid Characteristics: 3D radiative transfer for parallel adaptive mesh refinement hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed a three-dimensional radiative transfer method designed specifically for use with parallel adaptive mesh refinement hydrodynamics codes. This new algorithm, which we call hybrid characteristics, introduces a novel form of ray tracing that can neither be classified as long, nor as short characteristics, but which applies the underlying principles, i.e. efficient execution through interpolation and parallelizability, of both. Primary applications of the hybrid characteristics method are radiation hydrodynamics problems that take into account the effects of photoionization and heating due to point sources of radiation. The method is implemented in the hydrodynamics package FLASH. The ionization, heating, and cooling processes are modelled using the DORIC ionization package. Upon comparison with the long characteristics method, we find that our method calculates the column density with a similarly high accuracy and produces sharp and well defined shadows. We show the quality of the new algorithm in an application to the photoevaporation of multiple over-dense clumps. We present several test problems demonstrating the feasibility of our method for performing high resolution three-dimensional radiation hydrodynamics calculations that span a large range of scales. Initial performance tests show that the ray tracing part of our method takes less time to execute than other parts of the calculation (e.g. hydrodynamics and adaptive mesh refinement), and that a high degree of efficiency is obtained in parallel execution. Although the hybrid characteristics method is developed for problems involving photoionization due to point sources, the algorithm can be easily adapted to the case of more general radiation fields.

Erik-Jan Rijkhorst; Tomasz Plewa; Anshu Dubey; Garrelt Mellema

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

448

Synthesis and single crystal structure refinement of the one-layer hydrate of sodium brittle mica  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A sodium brittle mica with the ideal composition [Na{sub 4}]{sup inter}[Mg{sub 6}]{sup oct}[Si{sub 4}Al{sub 4}]{sup tet}O{sub 20}F{sub 4} was synthesized via melt synthesis in a gas tight crucible. This mica is unusual inasmuch as the known mica structure holds only room for two interlayer cations per unit cell and inasmuch as it readily hydrates despite the high layer charge while ordinary micas and brittle micas are non-swelling. The crystal structure of one-layer hydrate sodium brittle mica was determined and refined from single crystal X-ray data. Interlayer cations reside at the center of the distorted hexagonal cavities and are coordinated by the three inner basal oxygen atoms. The coordination of the interlayer cation is completed by three interlayer water molecules residing at the center of the interlayer region. The relative position of adjacent 2:1-layers thus is fixed by these octahedrally coordinated interlayer cations. Pseudo-symmetry leads to extensive twinning. In total five twin operations generate the same environment for the interlayer species and are energetically degenerate. - Graphical abstract: The sodium brittle mica has been successfully synthesized by melt synthesis and the crystal structure of the one-layer hydrate of sodium brittle mica was determined from single crystal X-ray diffraction data. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Melt synthesis yielded coarse grained sodium brittle mica which showed little disorder. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sodium brittle mica hydrated completely to the state of one-layer hydrate. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Structure of one-layer hydrate of sodium brittle mica could therefore be determined and refined. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Arrangement of upper and lower tetrahedral sheet encompassing interlayer cation were clarified.

Kalo, Hussein; Milius, Wolfgang [Lehrstuhl fuer Anorganische Chemie I, University of Bayreuth, D-95440 Bayreuth (Germany)] [Lehrstuhl fuer Anorganische Chemie I, University of Bayreuth, D-95440 Bayreuth (Germany); Braeu, Michael [BASF Construction Chemicals GmbH, 83308 Trostberg (Germany)] [BASF Construction Chemicals GmbH, 83308 Trostberg (Germany); Breu, Josef, E-mail: Josef.Breu@uni-bayreuth.de [Lehrstuhl fuer Anorganische Chemie I, University of Bayreuth, D-95440 Bayreuth (Germany)] [Lehrstuhl fuer Anorganische Chemie I, University of Bayreuth, D-95440 Bayreuth (Germany)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

Application of the BETC re-refining technology to some state-of-the-art commercial lube oils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Five new lubricating oils of the extended drain and/or friction modified-type were charged to vehicles and used. The segregated drainings from each oil were re-refined by the solvent treatment/distillation process developed by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center. The solvent treatment step of this process failed to desludge these oils significantly, indicating high levels of active dispersant additives remaining in the oils because of insufficient use. The overall process was successful, however, in producing re-refined basestocks of apparent high quality from the used oils. Thus, it would appear that direct distillation without pretreatment would have been adequate for these segregated samples.

Reynolds, J.W.; Brinkman, D.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Verification, optimization and refinement of a direct-inverse transonic wing design method including weak viscous interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Refinement of a. Direct-Inverse Transonic Wing Design Method Including Weak Viscous Interaction. (August 1989) Robert R. Ratcliff, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chair oi' Advisory Committee: Dr. Leland A. Carlson New developments in the direct-inverse wing... AND DISCUSSION . 92 VI V. 1 Bound&ary L&iyer and Wake Effects . . V. 2 Spanwise Grid Skewness V. 3 Wing Planform Effects V. 4 Initial Profile Efi'ects V. 5 Pressure Distribution Compatibility V. 6 Grid Refinement Effects . . V. 7 Fixed Trailing Edge...

Ratcliff, Robert R.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

451

Claudio Schepke: Online Parallel Mesh Refinement for Climatological Applications Weather forecasts for long periods of time have emerged as increasingly important.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Claudio Schepke: Online Parallel Mesh Refinement for Climatological Applications Weather forecasts, this presentation discusses how to explore parallelism at different levels for climatological models, like OLAM

Wichmann, Felix

452

Gauge-invariant YFS exponentiation of (un)stable Z-pair production at and beyond CERN LEP 2 energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the theoretical basis and sample Monte Carlo data for the YFS exponentiated calculation of e+e-?ZZ?f1f1+f2f2 at and beyond CERN LEP 2 energies, where the left-handed part of fi is a component of an SU(2)L doublet, i=1,2. The calculation is performed for both SM couplings and for anomalous ZZV triple gauge boson couplings in the conventions of Hagiwara et al. Our formulas, which are gauge invariant, are illustrated in a prototypical YFS Monte Carlo event generator YFSZZ.

S. Jadach, W. P?aczek, and B. F. L. Ward

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

The Chemical Separation of Eka-Hg from CERN W Targets in view of Recent Relativistic Calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 1971 evidence for the production of element 112 via secondary reactions in CERN W targets was obtained. The evidence was mainly based on the observation of fission fragments in Hg sources separated from the W targets, on the measured masses of the fissioning nuclei and on the assumption that element 112 (Eka-Hg) actually behaves like Hg in the chemical separation process. This assumption is analyzed in view of recent relativistic calculations of the electronic structure of element 112. It is shown that in the superheavy element region only the chemistry of element 112 is similar to that of Hg.

D. Kolb; A. Marinov; G. W. A. Newton; R. Brandt

2004-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

454

Automatisation du processus d'import des mtadonnes INIS dans les bases de donnes bibliographiques du CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ce travail prsente la mission que jai eu accomplir pendant mon stage de fin dtude au Service dInformation Scientifique du CERN. Il sagissait de participer lactivit dimportation automatique de documents provenant de la base de donnes INIS au sein de la base de donnes locale. Ce processus est possible grce au programme de transformation de donnes Uploader. Ce mmoire tente de montrer quelle a t la mthode suivie : lanalyse de la source exploiter et limportation de ces donnes.

Baudic, Romain

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

SYSTEM-ON-CHIP POWER CONSUMPTION REFINEMENT AND David Y. Feinstein, Mitchell A. Thornton and Fatih Kocan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SYSTEM-ON-CHIP POWER CONSUMPTION REFINEMENT AND ANALYSIS David Y. Feinstein, Mitchell A. Thornton {dfeinste,mitch,kocan}@engr.smu.edu Abstract Accurate power consumption estimation of a System-on- Chip (So current consumption. It is very important that these estimations will be fine tuned to the specific So

Thornton, Mitchell

456

Using Knowledge-Based Neural Networks to Improve Algorithms: Refining the Chou-Fasman Algorithm for Protein Folding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Protein Folding Richard Maclin Jude W. Shavlik Computer Sciences Dept. University of Wisconsin 1210 W learning Theory refinement Neural networks Finite-state automata Protein folding Chou-Fasman algorithm-Fasman algorithm, a method for predicting how globular proteins fold. Empirical evidence shows

Maclin, Rich

457

North Carolina used motor oil re-refining program: site selection, permits, and environmental impact study. [Re-refinery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State of North Carolina has a used motor oil re-refining program that collects crankcase drainings from various sources, re-refines it in a plant purchased from the Phillips Petroleum Company, and distributes the product to State and other governmental garages. This report describes the steps between the initial decision to establish a used oil re-refining demonstration program and receipt of a final permit to operate a facility. The report covers in some detail those issues faced in obtaining approval to establish the program, select a site, gain permits for construction and operation, prepare an acceptable environmental impact statement, and start re-refining used motor oil. Many of the considerations made during this experience are germaine to other states and to private enterprise, although the details may vary. This is the first in what is expected to be a related series of reports; subsequent numbers will cover the economics of plant acquisition and start-up, technical considerations, and long term operations of the re-refinery.

Griffith, W.C.; Holland, G.M.; Taylor, A.; Taylor, S.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Neutron and X-ray diffraction and empirical potential structure refinement modelling of magnesium stabilised amorphous calcium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron and X-ray diffraction and empirical potential structure refinement modelling of magnesium online xxxx Keywords: Amorphous calcium carbonate; EPSR modelling; Neutron diffraction; X-ray diffraction Amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) plays a key role in biomineralisation processes in sea organisms. Neutron

Benning, Liane G.

459

LJournal of Alloys and Compounds 291 (1999) 94101 The simultaneous powder X-ray and neutron diffraction refinement of two  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

melting of metals in the The intermetallic ternary transition metal nitrides and presence of carbon]. These phases are of interest decomposition of transition metal tris­ethylenediamine to the solid state chemist diffraction refinement of two h-carbide type nitrides, Fe Mo N and Co Mo N, prepared by3 3 3 3 ammonolysis

zur Loye, Hans-Conrad

460

HiRadMat at CERN/SPS - A dedicated facility providing high intensity beam pulses to material samples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HiRadMat (High Radiation to Materials), constructed in 2011, is a facility at CERN designed to provide high?intensity pulsed beams to an irradiation area where material samples as well as accelerator component assemblies (e.g. vacuum windows, high power beam targets, collimators) can be tested. The facility uses a 440 GeV proton beam extracted from the CERN SPS with a pulse length of up to 7.2 us, and with a maximum pulse energy of 3.4 MJ (3xE13 proton/pulse). In addition to protons, ion beams with energy of 440 GeV/charge and total pulse energy of 21 kJ can be provided. The beam parameters can be tuned to match the needs of each experiment. HiRadMat is not an irradiation facility where large doses on equipment can be accumulated. It is rather a test area designed to perform single pulse experiments to evaluate the effect of high?intensity pulsed beams on materials or accelerator component assemblies in a controlled environment. The fa? cility is designed for a maximum of 1E16 protons per year, dist...

Charitonidis, N; Efthymiopoulos, I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

E-Print Network 3.0 - alimentadas con concentrado Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DESAFIO PARA CHILE Summary: seguridad energtica Seguridad energtica versus sustentabilidad medioambiental? Cuidado con las... sustentabilidad medioambiental? Cuidado con...

462

Air-Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed Penalty  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0301) Air-Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0301) September 20, 2010 DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Air-Con International finding that a variety of central air conditioners and air conditioning heat pumps distributed under the Air-Con private label do not comport with the energy conservation standards. DOE also alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Air-Con imported and distributed the noncompliant products in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This

463

Con Edison Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? Con Edison C&I Energy Efficiency Team ? Program Management and Account Executives ? Lockheed Martin Team ? Marketing, Operations, Engineering and Administration ? Market Partner Network ? Con Edison Customers 6 C&I Program: Three Major..., energy consultants, and other suppliers of energy efficient equipment and services ? Market Partners assist Con Edison customers with applying for incentives, supporting their application process and providing solutions to energy problems...

Pospisil, D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

gasificazione di combustibili solidi con tecnologie a doppio letto fluido.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Studio di un reattore dual bed per la produzione di idrogeno. Sviluppo di un modello di gasificazione con Aspen Plus, rappresentativo dell'impianto Enel di Bastardo. (more)

ANTONELLI, PAMELA

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

adolescentes con neoplasias: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Anne 354 Analysis of Hook Formation Mechanism in Ultra Low Carbon Steel using CON1D Heat Flow Solidification Model Engineering Websites Summary: Analysis of Hook Formation...

466

Identificacin del pie en riesgo de las personas con diabetes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??La Diabetes Mellitus constituye una problemtica sanitaria con una importante repercusin tanto en lo social como en lo econmico. Se ha estimado la prevalencia de (more)

Collar, Valeria

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

NA Standards | Refinement Parameters | X-PLOR param file for high  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the file for different bond distances and angles of C2'and C3'-endo the file for different bond distances and angles of C2'and C3'-endo remark K= scale*(kT/sigma**2), scales=Base 0.1875, Sugar 0.566, Phos 1.548 ! removed references to CA, CF, CS, MG, NH3, OS (ATB 12/30/94) ! removed TIP3 water model (ATB 12/30/94) ! mapped NA->NNA, CH3E->CC3E (ATB 12/30/94) ! G.PARKINSON, J.VOJTECHOVSKY, L.CLOWNEY, A.T.BRUNGER ! H.M.BERMAN ! NEW PARAMETERS FOR THE REFINEMENT OF NUCLEIC ACID CONTAINING ! STRUCTURES ! ACTA CRYST.D (1996) v. 52 57-64 set echo=false end !the generic bonds were taken from param11.dna with 3*kq bond C5R OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 5' end bond C5D OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 5' end bond C3R OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 3' end bond C3D OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 3' end bond HHO O2R 1350.000 0.9572 !Mod HO to HHO 05/15/96

468

Microstructural refinement and strengthening of Cu-4 Cr-2 Nb alloy by mechanical milling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lately, a variety of dispersion strengthened (DS) copper alloys that provide a good combination of thermal/electrical conductivity and mechanical strength have been developed. Strengthening is usually achieved by the introduction of a ceramic, refractory metal or intermetallic secondary phase. Cu-Cr-Nb is one such DS alloy in which strengthening is provided by Cr{sub 2}Nb intermetallic particles. Mechanical milling of as-atomized Cu-4 Cr-2 Nb alloy powders substantially increases the mechanical strength (hardness) of the starting material. This is achieved through a drastic grain size, as well as large precipitate size refinement. A more uniform precipitate distribution is also attained. Whether milling is performed with steel or WC vial and balls the hardness saturates at approximately 100 HRB after about 4 hr milling. However, this benefit of MM was offset by an equally severe decrease in electrical conductivity. This decrease is attributed to impurities/contamination from the milling media introduced into the milled powder, primarily, Fe and C, or, WC and Co.

Anderson, K.R.; Groza, J.R. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science] [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science; Ulmer, D.G. [Rockwell International, Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.] [Rockwell International, Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.

1997-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Decontamination and decarburization of stainless and carbon steel by melt refining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With many nuclear reactors and facilities being decommissioned in the next ten to twenty years the concern for handling and storing Radioactive Scrap Metal (RSM) is growing. Upon direction of the DOE Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management, Lockheed Idaho Technology Company (LITCO) is developing technologies for the conditioning of spent fuels and high-level wastes for interim storage and repository acceptance, including the recycling of Radioactive Scrap Metals (RSM) for beneficial reuse with the DOE complex. In February 1993, Montana Tech of the University of Montana was contracted to develop and demonstrate technologies for the decontamination of stainless steel RSM. The general objectives of the Montana Tech research program included conducting a literature survey, performing laboratory scale melt refining experiments to optimize decontaminating slag compositions, performing an analysis of preferred melting techniques, coordinating pilot scale and commercial scale demonstrations, and producing sufficient quantities of surrogate-containing material for all of the laboratory, pilot and commercial scale test programs. Later on, the program was expanded to include decontamination of carbon steel RSM. Each research program has been completed, and results are presented in this report.

Mizia, R.E.; Worcester, S.A.; Twidwell, L.G.; Webber, D.; Paolini, D.J.; Weldon, T.A.

1996-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

470

Refinement, Validation and Application of Cloud-Radiation Parameterization in a GCM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research performed under this award was conducted along 3 related fronts: (1) Refinement and assessment of parameterizations of sub-grid scale radiative transport in GCMs. (2) Diagnostic studies that use ARM observations of clouds and convection in an effort to understand the effects of moist convection on its environment, including how convection influences clouds and radiation. This aspect focuses on developing and testing methodologies designed to use ARM data more effectively for use in atmospheric models, both at the cloud resolving model scale and the global climate model scale. (3) Use (1) and (2) in combination with both models and observations of varying complexity to study key radiation feedback Our work toward these objectives thus involved three corresponding efforts. First, novel diagnostic techniques were developed and applied to ARM observations to understand and characterize the effects of moist convection on the dynamical and thermodynamical environment in which it occurs. Second, an in house GCM radiative transfer algorithm (BUGSrad) was employed along with an optimal estimation cloud retrieval algorithm to evaluate the ability to reproduce cloudy-sky radiative flux observations. Assessments using a range of GCMs with various moist convective parameterizations to evaluate the fidelity with which the parameterizations reproduce key observable features of the environment were also started in the final year of this award. The third study area involved the study of cloud radiation feedbacks and we examined these in both cloud resolving and global climate models.

Dr. Graeme L. Stephens

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

471

Technical support to the Solvent Refined Coal (SRC) demonstration projects: assessment of current research and development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A program to demonstrate Solvent Refined Coal (SRC) technology has been initiated by the US Department of Energy (DOE) in partnership with two industrial groups. Project management responsibility has been assigned to the Oak Ridge Operations Office (ORO) of DOE. ORO requested that the Oak Ridge National Laboratory assess current research and development (R and D) activities and develop recommendations for those activities that might contribute to successful completion of the SRC demonstration plant projects. The objectives of this final report are to discuss in detail the problem areas in SRC; to discuss the current and planned R and D investigations relevant to the problems identified; and to suggest appropriate R and D activities in support of designs for the SRC demonstration plants. Four types of R and D activities are suggested: continuation of present and planned activities; coordination of activities and results, present and proposed; extension/redirection of activities not involving major equipment purchase or modifications; and new activities. Important examples of the first type of activity include continuation of fired heater, slurry rheology, and slurry mixing studies at Ft. Lewis. Among the second type of activity, coordination of data acquisition and interpretation is recommended in the areas of heat transfer, vapor/liquid equilibria, and physical properties. Principal examples of recommendations for extension/redirection include screening studies at laboratory scale on the use of carbonaceous precoat (e.g., anthracite) infiltration, and 15- to 30-day continuous tests of the Texaco gasifier at the Texaco Montebello facility (using SRC residues).

Edwards, M.S.; Rodgers, B.R.; Brown, C.H.; Carlson, P.K.; Gambill, W.R.; Gilliam, T.M.; Holmes, J.M.; Krishnan, R.P.; Parsly, L.F.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

A NEW GHOST-NODE METHOD FOR LINKING DIFFERENT MODELS WITH VARIED GRID REFINEMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A flexible, robust method for linking grids of locally refined models that may be constructed using different types of numerical methods is needed to address a variety of hydrologic problems. This work outlines and tests a new ghost-node model-linking method based on the iterative method of Mehl and Hill (2002, 2004). It is applicable to steady-state solutions for ground-water flow. Tests are presented for a homogeneous two-dimensional system that facilitates clear analysis of typical problems. The coupled grids are simulated using the finite-difference and finite-element models MODFLOW and FEHM. Results indicate that when the grids are matched spatially so that nodes and control volume boundaries are aligned, the new coupling technique has approximately twice the error as coupling using two MODFLOW models. When the grids are non-matching; model accuracy is slightly increased over matching grid cases. Overall, results indicate that the ghost-node technique is a viable means to accurately couple distinct models.

J. dickinson; S.C. James; S. Mehl; M.C. Hill; S. Leake; G.A. Zyvoloski

2005-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

473

RoboCon: A general purpose telerobotic control center  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes human factors issues involved in the design of RoboCon, a multi-purpose control center for use in US Department of Energy remote handling applications. RoboCon is intended to be a flexible, modular control center capable of supporting a wide variety of robotic devices.

Draper, J.V.; Noakes, M.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Robotics and Process Systems Div.; Schempf, H. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Blair, L.M. [Human Machine Interfaces, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Preprint typeset in JHEP style -HYPER VERSION CERN-PH-TH/2013-233, DAMTP-2013-56 Holographic Lattices Give the Graviton a Mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, UK 2 Theory Group, Physics Department, CERN, CH. If you pass a DC current through this system, what is the resistance? If the field theory has rise to momentum relaxation rate, , and hence resistivity, given by the retarded Green's function, 2

475

Search for free quarks produced in ultra-relativistic collisions at BNL (Brookhaven National Laboratory) and CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high intensity experiment was performed to search for free quarks at BNL and CERN using ultra-relativistic beams. The experiment was designed to trap quarks in a Hg target or liquid Ar tank. No free quark candidate was found. Limits from 10{sup {minus}7} to 10{sup {minus}10} quarks per incident ion are reported. 7 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Matis, H.S.; Pugh, H.G. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA)); Alba, G.P.; Bland, R.W.; Calloway, D.H.; Dickson, S.; Hodges, C.L.; Palmer, T.L.; Stricker, D.A.; Johnson, R.T. (San Francisco State Univ., CA (USA). Dept. of Physics); Shaw, G.L. (California Univ., Irvine, CA (USA). Dept. of Physics); Slansky, R. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Nucleon partonic spin structure to be explored by the unpolarized Drell-Yan program of COMPASS experiment at CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The observation of the violation of Lam-Tung relation in the $\\pi N$ Drell-Yan process triggered many theoretical speculations. The TMD Boer-Mulders functions characterizing the correlation of transverse momentum and transverse spin for partons in unpolarized hadrons could nicely account for the violation. The COMPASS experiment at CERN will measure the angular distributions of dimuons from the unpolarized Drell-Yan process over a wide kinematic region and study the beam particle dependence. Significant statistics is expected from a successful run in 2015 which will bring further understanding of the origin of the violation of Lam-Tung relation and of the partonic transverse spin structure of the nucleon.

Chang, Wen-Chen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Nucleon partonic spin structure to be explored by the unpolarized Drell-Yan program of COMPASS experiment at CERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The observation of the violation of Lam-Tung relation in the $\\pi N$ Drell-Yan process triggered many theoretical speculations. The TMD Boer-Mulders functions characterizing the correlation of transverse momentum and transverse spin for partons in unpolarized hadrons could nicely account for the violation. The COMPASS experiment at CERN will measure the angular distributions of dimuons from the unpolarized Drell-Yan process over a wide kinematic region and study the beam particle dependence. Significant statistics is expected from a successful run in 2015 which will bring further understanding of the origin of the violation of Lam-Tung relation and of the partonic transverse spin structure of the nucleon.

Wen-Chen Chang

2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

478

Pion Production Cross-section Measurements in p+C Collisions at the CERN SPS for Understanding Extensive Air Showers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An important approach to studying high-energy cosmic rays is the investigation of the properties of extensive air showers; however, the lateral distribution of particles in simulations of such showers strongly depends on the applied model of low-energy hadronic interactions. It has been shown that many constraints to be applied to these models can be obtained by studying identified-particle spectra from accelerator collisions, in the energy range of the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron. Here we present measurements of the pion production cross-section obtained by the NA61/SHINE experiment at the SPS, in proton-carbon collisions at the beam energy of 31 GeV from the year 2007. Further analyses of identified-particle yields in SHINE, in particular with a pion beam, are in preparation.

Marek Szuba; for the NA61/SHINE Collaboration

2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

479

The Interconnections of the LHC Cryomagnets at CERN Strategy Applied and First Results of the Industrialization Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The final interconnections of the LHC superconducting magnets in the underground tunnel are performed by a contractor on a result-oriented basis. A consortium of firms was awarded the contract after competitive tendering based on a technical and commercial specification. The implementation of the specific technologies and tooling developed and qualified by CERN has required an important effort to transfer the know-how and implement the follow-up of the contractor. This paper summarizes the start-up phase and the difficulties encountered. The organization and management tools put in place during the ramping-up phase are presented. In addition to contractual adaptations of the workforce, several configuration changes to the workflows were necessary to reach production rates compatible with the overall schedule and with the different constraints: availability of magnets, co-activities with magnets transport and alignment, handling of non-conformities, etc. Also the QA procedures underwent many changes to reach t...

Tock, J P; Fessia, P; Jacquemod, A; Musso, A; Poncet, A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

High energy beam impact tests on a LHC tertiary collimator at the CERN high-radiation to materials facility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The correct functioning of a collimation system is crucial to safely operate highly energetic particle accelerators, such as the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The requirements to handle high intensity beams can be demanding. In this respect, investigating the consequences of LHC particle beams hitting tertiary collimators (TCTs) in the experimental regions is a fundamental issue for machine protection. An experimental test was designed to investigate the robustness and effects of beam accidents on a fully assembled collimator, based on accident scenarios in the LHC. This experiment, carried out at the CERN High-Radiation to Materials (HiRadMat) facility, involved 440GeV proton beam impacts of different intensities on the jaws of a horizontal TCT. This paper presents the experimental setup and the preliminary results obtained, together with some first outcomes from visual inspection and a comparison of such results with numerical simulations.

Marija Cauchi; O. Aberle; R.?W. Assmann; A. Bertarelli; F. Carra; K. Cornelis; A. Dallocchio; D. Deboy; L. Lari; S. Redaelli; A. Rossi; B. Salvachua; P. Mollicone; N. Sammut

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner con cerned" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Charmonium production in proton-proton collisions and in collisions of lead nuclei at CERN and comparison with Brookhaven data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review of experimental data on charmoniumproduction that were obtained in fixed-target experiments at the SPS synchrotron and in proton-proton collisions and in collisions of lead nuclei in beams of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN (Switzerland) is presented. A comparison with data obtained at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (USA) from experiments at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is performed. Measurement of the suppression of J/{psi}-meson production as a possible signal of the production of quark-gluon plasmawas proposed back in 1986 by T. Matsui and H. Satz. An anomalous suppression of J/{psi}-meson production was discovered by the NA50 Collaboration at SPS (CERN) in central collisions of lead nuclei at the c.m. collision energy of 158 GeV per nucleon. Data obtained at the c.m. energy of 200 GeV per nucleon in the PHENIX experiment at RHIC indicate that, depending on multiplicity, the suppression of J/{psi}-meson production at this energy approximately corresponds to the suppression of J/{psi}-meson production in collisions of lead nuclei at the SPS accelerator. Theoretical models that take into account the regeneration of J/{psi} mesons describe better RHIC experimental data. The measurement of charmonium production in proton-proton collisions and in collisions of lead nuclei in LHC beams revealed the importance of taking into account the regeneration process. At the LHC energies, it is also necessary to take into account the contribution of B-meson decays. Future measurements of charmonium production at the LHC to a higher statistical precision and over an extended energy region would be of importance for obtaining deeper insight into the mechanism of charmonium production and for studying the properties of matter at high energy density and temperature.

Topilskaya, N. S., E-mail: topilska@inr.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

482

Solvent refined coal (SRC) process. Quarterly technical progress report, January 1980-March 1980. [In process streams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the progress of the Solvent Refined Coal (SRC) project at the SRC Pilot Plant in Fort Lewis, Wahsington, and the Process Development Unit (P-99) in Harmarville, Pennsylvania. After the remaining runs of the slurry preheater survey test program were completed January 14, the Fort Lewis Pilot Plant was shut down to inspect Slurry Preheater B and to insulate the coil for future testing at higher rates of heat flux. Radiographic inspection of the coil showed that the welds at the pressure taps and the immersion thermowells did not meet design specifications. Slurry Preheater A was used during the first 12 days of February while weld repairs and modifications to Slurry Preheater B were completed. Two attempts to complete a material balance run on Powhatan No. 6 Mine coal were attempted but neither was successful. Slurry Preheater B was in service the remainder of the quarter. The start of a series of runs at higher heat flux was delayed because of plugging in both the slurry and the hydrogen flow metering systems. Three baseline runs and three slurry runs of the high heat flux program were completed before the plant was shut down March 12 for repair of the Inert Gas Unit. Attempts to complete a fourth slurry run at high heat flux were unsuccessful because of problems with the coal feed handling and the vortex mix systems. Process Development Unit (P-99) completed three of the four runs designed to study the effect of dissolver L/D ratio. The fourth was under way at the end of the period. SRC yield correlations have been developed that include coal properties as independent variables. A preliminary ranking of coals according to their reactivity in PDU P-99 has been made. Techniques for studying coking phenomenona are now in place.

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

A field study evaluation of short-term refined Gaussian dispersion models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A tracer study was conducted at the Duke Forest Site in Chapel Hill, North Carolina in January, 1995 to evaluate the ability of three short-term refined Gaussian dispersion models to predict the fate of volume source emissions under field study conditions. Study participants included the American Petroleum Institute (API), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the US Department of Energy (DOE), the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), and private consulting firms. The models evaluated were Industrial Source Complex--Short Term versions 2 and 3 (ISC2, ISC3) and the American Meteorological Society (AMS) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Regulatory Model Improvement Committee (AERMIC) model, AERMOD. All three models are based on the steady-state Gaussian plume dispersion equation, which predicts concentrations at downwind receptor locations when integrated over the distance between the source and receptor. Chemicals were released at known rates and measurements were taken at various points in the study field using Tedlar bag point sampling and open-path Fourier Transform infrared (OP-FTIR) monitoring. The study found that ISC and AERMOD underpredicted the measured concentrations for each dataset collected in the field study. ISC and AERMOD each underpredicted the OPFTIR dataset by a factor of approximately 1.6. ISC underpredicted the Tedlar{reg_sign} dataset by approximately 2.1, while AERMOD underpredicted by a factor of approximately 2.6. Regardless of source configuration or measurement technique used, under-prediction with respect to the measured concentration was consistently observed. This indicates that safety factors or other corrections may be necessary in predicting contaminant concentrations over the distances examined in this study, i.e., in the near field of less than 200 meters.

Piper, A.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

484

Inspection of integrated two-stage liquefaction products as petroleum refining feedstocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Regardless of the specific technology used to produce transportation fuels from coal, the net product of the liquefaction process will have to undergo additional refining to make finished products. Consequently, there is a need to characterize the material that exits the liquefaction plant as net product and enters the refinery as feed. The net product of the Integrated Two-Stage Liquefaction (ITSL) process, as practiced at the 6 ton/day (5.5 tonne/day) Wilsonville, Alabama (USA) plant, is a distillable liquid boiling predominantly below 650{degrees}F (343{degrees}C). Products from ITSL operations at the Wilsonville plant were evaluated through the use of standard petroleum tests on several occasions. However, those evaluations were performed on materials generated much earlier in the ITSL campaign and, thus, may not be representative of products generated from the process as it is currently configured. For this work, net products were obtained for analysis from ITSL operations during fully lined-out material balance operating periods.Samples were taken fro Run 259G, which was operated with Ireland Mine coal (hvAb, Pittsburgh seam, West Virginia, USA) and from Run 260D, which was operated with Black Thunder Mine coal (subbituminous, Powder River Basin, Wyoming, USA). A complete suite of light crude oil assay tests was performed on each sample. These assays included tests on the whole coal liquid, and the separated naphtha (<380{degrees}F/193{degrees}C), jet fuel or kerosene (380{degrees}F/193{degrees}C {times} 510{degrees}F/266{degrees}C), and diesel fuel (>510{degrees}F/266{degrees}C) fractions. The results of the assays were compared against typical petroleum product specifications. The discussion will concentrate on the test results of the bituminous coal product.

Winschel, R.A.; Burke, F.P. [Consolidation Coal Co., Library, PA (United States); Zhou, P. [Burns and Roe Services Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

485

Projections of the impact of expansion of domestic heavy oil production on the U.S. refining industry from 1990 to 2010. Topical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is one of a series of publications assessing the feasibility of increasing domestic heavy oil (10{degrees} to 20{degrees} API gravity) production. This report provides a compendium of the United States refining industry and analyzes the industry by Petroleum Administration for Defense District (PADD) and by ten smaller refining areas. The refining capacity, oil source and oil quality are analyzed, and projections are made for the U.S. refining industry for the years 1990 to 2010. The study used publicly available data as background. A linear program model of the U.S. refining industry was constructed and validated using 1990 U.S. refinery performance. Projections of domestic oil production (decline) and import of crude oil (increases) were balanced to meet anticipated demand to establish a base case for years 1990 through 2010. The impact of additional domestic heavy oil production, (300 MB/D to 900 MB/D, originating in select areas of the U.S.) on the U.S. refining complex was evaluated. This heavy oil could reduce the import rate and the balance of payments by displacing some imported, principally Mid-east, medium crude. The construction cost for refining units to accommodate this additional domestic heavy oil production in both the low and high volume scenarios is about 7 billion dollars for bottoms conversion capacity (delayed coking) with about 50% of the cost attributed to compliance with the Clean Air Act Amendment of 1990.

Olsen, D.K.; Ramzel, E.B.; Strycker, A.R. [National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research, Bartlesville, OK (United States). ITT Research Institute] [National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research, Bartlesville, OK (United States). ITT Research Institute; Guariguata, G.; Salmen, F.G. [Bonner and Moore Management Science, Houston, TX (United States)] [Bonner and Moore Management Science, Houston, TX (United States)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

1. R Aaij ,...,G.Alkhazov et al. First evidence for the decay Bs -> mu+ mu-. CERN-PH-EP-2012-335, LHCB-PAPER-2012-043  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

+ mu-. CERN-PH-EP-2012-335, LHCB-PAPER- 2012-043 e-Print: arXiv:1211.2674 [hep-ex]. 2. V.M. Abazov B ¯ 0 (s) D + s K - + - LHCB-PAPER-2012-033, and B ¯ 0 s D s1 (2536) + -. CERN-PH-EP-2012-327 e-Print: arXiv:1211.1541 [hep-ex]. 4. R Aaij ,...,G.Alkhazov et al. Observation of D0-D0bar oscillations. CERN-PH-EP

Titov, Anatoly

487

Crystallization, crystal-structure refinement, and IR spectroscopy of a synthetic hexahydroborite analog  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structure of the hexahydroborite analog Ca[B(OH){sub 4}]{sub 2} {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O (a = 7.9941(3) Angstrom-Sign , b = 6.6321(2) Angstrom-Sign , c = 7.9871(3) Angstrom-Sign , {beta} = 104.166(4) Degree-Sign , V = 410.58(3) Angstrom-Sign {sup 3}, sp. gr. P2/c, Z = 2, {rho}{sub calc} = 1.891 g/cm{sup 3}; Xcalibur S CCD automated diffractometer, 1196 reflections with I > 2{sigma}(I), {lambda}MoK{sub {alpha}}), which was synthesized by the hydrothermal method via the recrystallization of calciborite CaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} (M) in the M - B{sub 2}O{sub 3} - H{sub 2}O system (t = 250 Degree-Sign C and P = 70-80 atm), was refined by the least-squares method with anisotropic displacement parameters (H atoms were located; R{sub 1} = 0.0260). The structure of synthetic hexahydroborite consists of infinite columns running along the c axis. The columns are formed by Ca polyhedra linked together and to [B(OH){sub 4}] orthotetrahedra by sharing edges. Along the two other axes, the translationally equivalent columns are linked only by hydrogen bonds. The presence of a stronger bond between the discrete (Ca-B-O) columns along the shortest (b = 6.6 Angstrom-Sign ) axis accounts for the possibility of the shift of the columns by 1/2T{sub b} and the formation of the second modification of Ca[B(OH){sub 4}]{sub 2} {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O. The crystals of synthetic hexahydroborite were studied by IR spectroscopy. A crystal-chemical analysis was performed for a series of natural metaborates with the general formula CaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} {center_dot} nH{sub 2}O (CaO: B{sub 2}O{sub 3} = 1: 1, n = 0-6), including calciborite CaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} and hexahydroborite CaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} {center_dot} 6H{sub 2}O as the end members.

Yamnova, N. A., E-mail: natalia-yamnova@yandex.ru; Borovikova, E. Yu.; Dimitrova, O. V. [Moscow State University, Faculty of Geology (Russian Federation)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

ConEd (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ConEd (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program ConEd (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program ConEd (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program < Back Eligibility Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info Start Date 7/1/2009 Expiration Date 12/31/2015 State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Furnace: $200 - $600 Water Boiler: $500 or $1,000 Steam Boiler: $500 Boiler Reset Control: $100 Programmable thermostat: $25 Indirect Water Heater: $300 Duct Sealing: $100/hr Air Sealing: $75/hr Con Edison is offering the Residential HVAC Gas Rebate Program. Through this program, incentives are offered on energy efficient heating and

489

ConEd (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ConEd (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program ConEd (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program ConEd (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program < Back Eligibility Installer/Contractor Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heating Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central A/C: $400 or $600 Central Air Source Heat Pump: $400 or $600 Electric Heat Pump Water Heater: $400 Energy Star Thermostats: up to $25 Duct Sealing: $100/hr Air Sealing: $75/hr Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $50 Con Edison is offering the Residential HVAC Electric Rebate Program.

490

Air-Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

conservation standards. DOE also alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Air-Con imported and distributed the noncompliant products in the U.S. Federal law...

491

Mi Abuelo Camina La Tierra Con Nobleza y Paz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

con nobleza y paz Se me fue mi Abuelo pero aun as me siguevalor valor para amarme a m misma 2014 Elizabeth GonzlezCrdenas valor para protegerme a m misma valor para cambiar

Gonzlez Crdenas, Elizabeth

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

iCons, 2011 Alzheimers and Aluminum: Lesson Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© iCons, 2011 Alzheimers and Aluminum: Lesson Plan Handouts to explore mechanistic link between Alzheimer's and aluminum 5. Brief proposal expanding Points to Aluminum's Link With Alzheimer's Disease" from 1989. Provide handout

Auerbach, Scott M.

493

Efficient calculation of a normal matrix-vector product for anisotropic full-matrix least-squares refinement of macromolecular structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new set of equations for a normal matrix-vector product for the case of anisotropic refinement is given. Significantly faster methods for the calculation of a preconditioner and the normal matrix-vector product are described in detail.

Strokopytov, B.V.

2009-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

494

DOE Requires Air-Con International to Cease Sales of Inefficient...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

requiring Air-Con to submit detailed information about the energy consumption of its products and how Air-Con marketed and sold them in the United States. Based on Air-Con's...

495

E-Print Network 3.0 - adyuvante con 5-fluorouracilo-levamisol...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- 49% Cons Pool (water supply and water quality) Legend - Drought... , 2011 Canton 1603.7 - 27% Cons Pool (water supply for OKC only) Skiatook 701.6 - 64% Cons Pool ......

496

E-Print Network 3.0 - adsortivo con alizarina Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- 49% Cons Pool (water supply and water quality) Legend - Drought... , 2011 Canton 1603.7 - 27% Cons Pool (water supply for OKC only) Skiatook 701.6 - 64% Cons Pool ......

497

E-Print Network 3.0 - autofluorescencia con hra-ii Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- 49% Cons Pool (water supply and water quality) Legend - Drought... , 2011 Canton 1603.7 - 27% Cons Pool (water supply for OKC only) Skiatook 701.6 - 64% Cons Pool ......

498

E-Print Network 3.0 - angiolinfoidea con eosinofilia Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- 49% Cons Pool (water supply and water quality) Legend - Drought... , 2011 Canton 1603.7 - 27% Cons Pool (water supply for OKC only) Skiatook 701.6 - 64% Cons Pool ......

499

E-Print Network 3.0 - aleados con cromo-niquel Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- 49% Cons Pool (water supply and water quality) Legend - Drought... , 2011 Canton 1603.7 - 27% Cons Pool (water supply for OKC only) Skiatook 701.6 - 64% Cons Pool ......

500

E-Print Network 3.0 - autoinjerto conjuntival con Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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