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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections Map of the North American Electric Reliability...

2

North American Energy Ministers Meeting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Washington– The North American Energy Ministers met today, in response to the call of the North American Leaders, to advance an energy agenda that expands the continent’s leadership in energy, strengthens North American energy security, supports shared economic prosperity and environmental performance. This meeting builds upon a long, productive and successful history of trilateral North American collaboration on energy issues.

3

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnections North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections Map of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnection showing the Eastern,...

4

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information...

5

NORTH AMERICAN WATER OFFICE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NORTH AMERICAN WATER OFFICE NORTH AMERICAN WATER OFFICE P.O. Box 174 Lake Elmo, MN 55042 Phone: (612) 770-3861 Fax: (612) 770-3976 January 30, 1998 US Department of Energy Office of General Council GC-52 1000 Independence Ave. SW Washington DC 20585 RE: Preparation of Report to Congress on Price-Anderson Act Dear Office of General Council: The Price Anderson Act should be eliminated. The Price Anderson Act assumes that the encouragement and growth of the commercial nuclear industry is in the public interest. It is not. Rational evaluation of the commercial nuclear industry forces the conclusion that the Price Anderson Act simply shields the commercial nuclear industry from costs that it would otherwise, in a fair market setting, be forced to internalize and pay. Price Anderson amounts to

6

Honda: North American Manufacturing Facilities | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Facilities From October, 2008 Honda: North American Manufacturing Facilities More Documents & Publications Johnson Controls: EISA Presentation MEMA: Comments AZ Automotive...

7

North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Information |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Information North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Information North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Information Summary of the Transmission Reliability program's North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) activity area. NASPI supports industry adoption of next-generation monitoring equipment to increase reliability and reduce costs for consumers through the development of secure, highspeed, time-synchronized data about bulk power system conditions. North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Factsheet.pdf More Documents & Publications Synchrophasor Technologies and their Deployment in the Recovery Act Smart Grid Programs (August 2013) 2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review - Day 1 Presentations

8

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and winter and summer forecasts; monitors the bulk power systems; and educates, trains, and certifies industry personnel. North American Electric Reliability Corporation...

9

Outlook for North American Natural Gas  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

North American Natural Gas For LDC Natural Gas Forum November 11, 2014 | Toronto, Ontario, Canada By Adam Sieminski, Administrator U.S. Energy Information Administration The...

10

North American trade alliance gains support  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

North American trade alliance gains support ... A broad trade alliance among the U.S., Canada, and Mexico isn't likely yet, but pacts for specific industrial sectors may be possible; one candidate for agreement is petrochemicals and the effects would be profound ... The idea, now gaining wide and influential support, is the formation of some sort of North American trade alliance. ...

EARL V. ANDERSON

1980-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

11

North American Market Challenges for Diesel Engines | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

North American Market Challenges for Diesel Engines North American Market Challenges for Diesel Engines 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: Gale...

12

Opportunity Assessment Clean Diesels in the North American Light...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Opportunity Assessment Clean Diesels in the North American Light Duty Market Opportunity Assessment Clean Diesels in the North American Light Duty Market Presentation given at the...

13

Energy Secretary Moniz Will Host North American Energy Ministers...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

three key areas, including: 1) North American data collaboration, 2) Mexico's energy reform and its implications for the North American energy sector, and 3) creating a resilient...

14

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Report...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

technical report was developed by the North American SynchroPhasor Initiative, a collaboration between the North American electric industry (utilities, grid operators, vendors...

15

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Corporation (NERC): Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid. NERC develops and enforces Reliability Standards; assesses adequacy annually via a ten-year forcast and winter and summer forecasts; monitors the bulk power systems; and educates, trains, and certifies industry personnel. North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid More Documents & Publications Re: DOE Request for Information - Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to

16

The microstructure of the North American oil market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recent developments in production of oil and natural gas from the tight sand and shale rock formations (primarily hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling) have a profound impact on the North American energy markets. The paper reviews recent crude oil production trends and their impact on the price relationships across different geographical locations in the US and Canada. Price disparity between different market hubs is attributed to the collision between growing volumetric flows of crude oil (as well as changing quality mix of produced crudes) and rigidity of the existing midstream and refining infrastructure. We continue with a discussion of how the North American oil industry adjusts to new disruptive technologies in exploration and production of hydrocarbons.

Vincent Kaminski

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information represents a partial sequence of events based upon Reliability Coordinator information available to NERC. It is not clear if these events caused the event or were a consequence of other events. NERC is establishing teams to study the event and will coordinate with FERC, DOE, the industry and others. NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report More Documents & Publications North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement U.S. - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the

18

North Richmond: An American Story  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

paid for by the nearby landfill – which emits airborne andCertainly, being near a landfill, near a sewer treatmenttransfer station and landfill on North Richmond’s coast. The

rogers, robert h

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato germplasm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato germplasm Hamilton et al;RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato breeding approaches in potato rely almost entirely on phenotypic evaluations; molecular markers

Douches, David S.

20

NREL North American Solar Radiation Atlas (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation is about NREL's North American Solar Radiation Atlas, which currently includes 48 states (Alaska and Hawaii to be added in the future). It discusses the goals of the Atlas which are to: deliver basic solar performance estimates to general users, deliver a wide variety of additional information to more advanced users, be easy to use, full featured, and extensible.

George, R; Gray-Hann, P.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

ELECTROPHORETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF NORTH AMERICAN POTATO CULTIVARSl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1991) 767 ELECTROPHORETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF NORTH AMERICAN POTATO CULTIVARSl D. S. Douches identify potato cultivars. Both leafand tuber tissue were sampled in thirteen enzyme systems. Two buffer means to discriminate sexually-derived potato cultivars. Compendio Se analizaron un total de 112

Douches, David S.

22

INVESTIGATION Retrospective View of North American Potato  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INVESTIGATION Retrospective View of North American Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Breeding in the 20, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706 ABSTRACT Cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), a vegetatively propagated explore the effects of potato breeding at the genome level, we used 8303 single-nucleotide polymorphism

Douches, David S.

23

AN EXAMINATION OF WOOD RECYCLING PROVISIONS IN NORTH AMERICAN GREEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

! ! ! AN EXAMINATION OF WOOD RECYCLING PROVISIONS IN NORTH AMERICAN GREEN BUILDING PROGRAMS DR. JIM in North American Green Building Programs Introduction Recycled content is a prominent aspect of many North American green building standards, with use of such materials awarded or specified. Construction

24

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash 19 themes were: 1. softwood market developments, and 2. wood energy and wood mobilization. The main

25

Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Response to the Department of Energy's ("DOE") Request for Information (RFI) regarding the "Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges." The North American Electric Reliability Corporation's ("NERC") Reliability Assessment and Performance Analysis Group ("RAPA") is currently developing a report, entitled "Reliability Consideration from Integration of Smart Grid" that will address many of the issues raised in the DOE RFI. North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)

26

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information represents a partial sequence of events based upon Reliability Coordinator information available to NERC. It is not clear if these events caused the event or were a consequence of other events. NERC is establishing teams to study the event and will coordinate with FERC, DOE, the industry and others. NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report More Documents & Publications North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update Blackout 2003: Final Report on the August 14, 2003 Blackout in the United States and Canada: Causes and Recommendations

27

North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables August 10, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Energy and climate change will be an important element of the trilateral discussions at the North American Leaders Summit, to be held in Guadalajara, Mexico, on August 9-10, 2009. Building on the work of the North American Energy Working Group, established in 2001 by the Energy Secretaries and Minister of the United States, Mexico and Canada, deliverables to announce at the Leaders Summit will include: CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE (CCS) North American Carbon Capture and Storage Partnership: The three nations have committed to produce a North American Carbon Atlas that will result in uniform mapping methodology and data sharing in the

28

Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frequency Instability Problems in Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections May 1, 2011 DOE/NETL-2011/1473 Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

29

North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Council Outage Announcement Council Outage Announcement North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement Starting at about 4:11 p.m. EDT, major losses of electric load occurred in the northeastern United States and Canada in the Eastern Interconnection. Although the exact cause is not known at present, the outages are not the result of a terrorist attack. The areas most affected center around the Great Lakes: Michigan, Ohio, New York City, Ontario, Quebec, northern New Jersey, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement More Documents & Publications Blackout 2003: Final Report on the August 14, 2003 Blackout in the United States and Canada: Causes and Recommendations Blackout 2003: Blackout Final Implementation Report

30

North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables August 10, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Energy and climate change will be an important element of the trilateral discussions at the North American Leaders Summit, to be held in Guadalajara, Mexico, on August 9-10, 2009. Building on the work of the North American Energy Working Group, established in 2001 by the Energy Secretaries and Minister of the United States, Mexico and Canada, deliverables to announce at the Leaders Summit will include: CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE (CCS) North American Carbon Capture and Storage Partnership: The three nations have committed to produce a North American Carbon Atlas that will result in uniform mapping methodology and data sharing in the

31

Modeling cascading failures in the North American power grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The North American power grid is one of the most complex technological ... the propagation of disturbances. We model the power grid using its actual topology and plausible assumptions... ...

R. Kinney; P. Crucitti; R. Albert; V. Latora

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Competition and Reliability in North American Electricity Markets...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Blackout 2003: Electric System Working Group Technical Conference - Comments and Recommendations Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets: Issue Paper Synopses...

33

Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Markets: Issue Paper Synopses Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets: Issue Paper Synopses Jack Casazza, Frank Delea, and George Loehr argue that...

34

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Report...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

industry (utilities, grid operators, vendors and consultants), the North American Electric Reliability Corporation, academics, and the U.S. Department of Energy, to advance...

35

North American Standard Level VI Inspection Program Update: Ensuring...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Ensuring Safe Transportation of Radioactive Material Presentation made by Carlisle Smith for the NTSF annual meeting held from May 14-16, 2013 in Buffalo, NY North American...

36

Bootstrapping a Sustainable North American PEM Fuel Cell Industry...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in., mirror margins, no page number Bootstrapping a Sustainable North American PEM Fuel Cell Industry: Could a Federal Acquisition Program Make a Difference? Sink title 2.75...

37

North American Coating Laboratories | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Coating Laboratories American Coating Laboratories Jump to: navigation, search Name North American Coating Laboratories Address 9450 Pineneedle Drive Place Mentor, Ohio Zip 44060 Sector Services, Solar Product Consulting; Engineering/architectural/design; Manufacturing; Research and development;Retail product sales and distribution Phone number 440-357-7000 Website http://www.nacl.com Coordinates 41.70303°, -81.302082° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.70303,"lon":-81.302082,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

38

North American Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name North American Biofuels Place Bohemia, New York Product Biodiesel eqwuipment manufacturer and producer of biodiesel Coordinates 40.765725°, -73.101109° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.765725,"lon":-73.101109,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

39

North American Hydro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro Hydro Jump to: navigation, search Name North American Hydro Place Schofield, Wisconsin Zip 54476 Sector Hydro Product Focused on developing, upgrading, owning, and operating hydroelectric facilities. Coordinates 44.92061°, -89.612847° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.92061,"lon":-89.612847,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

40

2005 the North American Solar Challenge  

SciTech Connect

In July 2005 the North American Solar Challenge (NASC) featured university built solar powered cars ran across the United States into Canada. The competition began in Austin, Texas with stops in Weatherford, Texas; Broken Arrow, Oklahoma; Topeka, Kansas; Omaha, Nebraska; Sioux Falls, South Dakota, Fargo, North Dakota; Winnipeg, Manitoba; Brandon, Manitoba; Regina, Saskatchewan; Medicine Hat, Alberta; mainly following U.S. Highway 75 and Canadian Highway 1 to the finish line in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, for a total distance of 2,500 miles. NASC major sponsors include the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Natural Resources Canada and DOEs National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The event is designed to inspire young people to pursue careers in science and engineering. NASCs predecessors, the American Solar Challenge and Sunrayce, generally have been held every two years since 1990. With each race, the solar cars travel faster and further with greater reliability. The NASC promotes: -Renewable energy technologies (specifically photovoltaic or solar cells) -Educational excellence in science, engineering and mathematics -Creative integration of technical and scientific expertise across a wide-range of disciplines -Hands-on experience for students and engineers to develop and demonstrate their technical and creative abilities. Safety is the first priority for the NASC. Each team put its car through grueling qualifying and technical inspections. Teams that failed to meet the requirements were not allowed participate. During the race, each team was escorted by lead and chase vehicles sporting rooftop hazard flashers. An official observer accompanied each solar car team to keep it alert to any safety issues.

Dan Eberle

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Reports  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These technical reports were developed by members of the North American SynchroPhasor Initiative, a collaboration between the North American electric industry (utilities, grid operators, vendors and consultants), the North American Electric Reliability Corporation, academics, and the U.S. Department of Energy, to advance and accelerate the development and use of synchrophasor technology for grid reliability and efficiency. The material was produced for a series of NASPI technical workshops intended to educate and document the stakeholder community on the state of the art for key synchrophasor technology issues.

42

North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Outage Update Power Outage Update North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update The bulk electric transmission system in the United States and Canada has been restored and is operating reliably. Many of the generating units that tripped off line during the outage have returned to service and additional generating units are expected to return to service over the weekend. Virtually all customers have been returned to electric service, although some customers will continue to experience rotating outages due to generating capacity availability. North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update More Documents & Publications Electric System Update: Sunday August 17, 2003 North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report

43

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Search Tool |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Search Tool North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Search Tool North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Search Tool The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is the standard used by Federal statistical agencies in classifying business establishments for the purpose of collecting, analyzing, and publishing statistical data related to the U.S. business economy. NAICS was developed under the auspices of the Office of Management and Budget, and adopted in 1997 to replace the Standard Industrial Classification system. Through our website, you can search for procurement opportunities using your company's NAICS code, and you can learn more about the history of purchasing for your NAICS code at the Department. Visit our Industry Information page to learn more about our procurements by

44

Supply, Demand, and Export Outlook for North American Oil and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Supply, Demand, and Export Outlook for North American Oil and Gas For Energy Infrastructure Summit September 15, 2014 | Houston, TX By Adam Sieminski, EIA Administrator 0 20 40 60...

45

Heizer, ed.: Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 5, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a proposed 20- volume Handbook of North American Indi-publication of the Handbook of the Indians of California (incorporated in the new Handbook. The goal of this volume is

Aerni, Mary Jean

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Projects 00516 North Dakota Refining Capacity Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North Dakota Refining Capacity Study North Dakota Refining Capacity Study DE-FE0000516 Goal The objective of the North Dakota Refining Capacity study is to assess the feasibility of increasing the oil refinery capacity in North Dakota, and, if possible, determine the scale of such an expansion, the slate of refined product(s) that would produce the most economic benefit, and the preferred ownership model, i.e., private, public or private-public. Performer North Dakota Association of Rural Electric Cooperatives (NDAREC) Corval Group, partnered with Purvin & Gertz and Mustang Engineering Background The genesis of this study came from an April 2008 report issued by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) asserting that North Dakota and Montana have an estimated 3.0 to 4.3 billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable oil in an area known as the Bakken Formation. This assessment shows a 25-fold increase in the amount of recoverable oil compared to the USGS 1995 estimate of 151 million barrels of oil. The Bakken Formation estimate is larger than all other current USGS oil assessments of the lower 48 states and is the largest "continuous" oil accumulation ever assessed by the USGS. The new report points out that the new geologic models applied to the Bakken Formation, advances in drilling and production technologies, and recent oil discoveries have resulted in these substantially larger technically recoverable oil volumes. About 105 million barrels of oil were produced from the Bakken Formation by the end of 2007. In 2008, the formation produced another 27.2 million barrels of oil, which represented 43% of the state’s annual oil production of some 62.3 million barrels. Even though oil prices have dropped significantly in recent months, it appears that oil production from this formation will continue strong for decades to come. Most recently, a major production find has occurred in the Three Forks formation underlying the Bakken. This find is still undergoing significant testing, but early evidence suggests it represents another significant recoverable pool of oil in western North Dakota.

47

North American Renewables Registry (Multiple States) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

American Renewables Registry (Multiple States) American Renewables Registry (Multiple States) North American Renewables Registry (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Green Power Purchasing Provider APX The North American Renewables Registry (NAR) provides a Web-based platform trusted to create, track, and manage renewable energy certificate (REC) origination for clean generation facilities and states not covered by one of the existing APX-powered, regional systems. All market participants are able to take advantage of a trusted infrastructure to help manage their role in the market. With the ability to create unique, serialized records

48

North American Energy Work Group Releases Updated Trilateral Energy Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Work Group Releases Updated Trilateral Energy Work Group Releases Updated Trilateral Energy Report North American Energy Work Group Releases Updated Trilateral Energy Report March 2, 2006 - 11:35am Addthis WASHINGTON , D.C. - U.S. Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman today released a report entitled North America - The Energy Picture II, which continues to show that North America is one of the world's most important regions for energy - producing about one-fourth of that global energy supply and consuming about one-third of the world's commercial energy. The report was created as a joint effort under the North American Energy Working Group (NAEWG) of the trilateral Security and Prosperity Partnership (SPP) represented by the three countries. "This impressive report demonstrates the strength and vitality of the North

49

Secretary Chu Visits the 2012 North American International Auto Show |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chu Visits the 2012 North American International Auto Chu Visits the 2012 North American International Auto Show Secretary Chu Visits the 2012 North American International Auto Show January 12, 2012 - 9:54am Addthis 1 of 10 Energy Secretary Steven Chu with Chrysler Chief Executive Sergio Marchionne. Image: Hantz Leger (Energy Department Contractor) Date taken: 2012-01-10 00:00 2 of 10 Energy Secretary Steven Chu examines the Dodge Dart's four cylinder, 2.4-liter, 184 horsepower engine block. Image: Hantz Leger (Energy Department Contractor) Date taken: 2012-01-10 00:00 3 of 10 Energy Secretary Steven Chu gets behind the wheel of the new 2013 Dodge Dart. Image: Hantz Leger (Energy Department Contractor) Date taken: 2012-01-10 00:00 4 of 10 Energy Secretary Steven Chu examines the interior of the new 2013 Dodge Dart. Image: Hantz Leger (Energy Department Contractor)

50

Secretary Chu Visits the 2012 North American International Auto Show |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Chu Visits the 2012 North American International Auto Secretary Chu Visits the 2012 North American International Auto Show Secretary Chu Visits the 2012 North American International Auto Show January 12, 2012 - 9:54am Addthis 1 of 10 Energy Secretary Steven Chu with Chrysler Chief Executive Sergio Marchionne. Image: Hantz Leger (Energy Department Contractor) Date taken: 2012-01-10 00:00 2 of 10 Energy Secretary Steven Chu examines the Dodge Dart's four cylinder, 2.4-liter, 184 horsepower engine block. Image: Hantz Leger (Energy Department Contractor) Date taken: 2012-01-10 00:00 3 of 10 Energy Secretary Steven Chu gets behind the wheel of the new 2013 Dodge Dart. Image: Hantz Leger (Energy Department Contractor) Date taken: 2012-01-10 00:00 4 of 10 Energy Secretary Steven Chu examines the interior of the new 2013 Dodge

51

The North American North (2): Money or energy problem?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... American energy projects (such as the trans-Alaska oil pipeline and the mammoth James Bay hydroelectric project) push costs for the Alaska Highway project to the $15,000 million or ... many key industries in Canada and the United States- steel, construction equipment, valves and turbine compressors, ditchers and welding machines, engineering and consulting services. It should therefore come ...

Jeff Carruthers

1977-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

52

Why Light Duty Diesels Make Sense in the North American Market...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Why Light Duty Diesels Make Sense in the North American Market Why Light Duty Diesels Make Sense in the North American Market Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006,...

53

Invitation to a North American consultation for Future Earth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Invitation to a North American consultation for Future Earth Print E-mail Invitation to a North American consultation for Future Earth Print E-mail Future Earth May 21, 2013 After many years of work to improve our understanding of the Earth system and human impacts on it, international cooperation on global change is entering a dynamic new phase. All regions of the world are moving to collaborate on initiatives that will advance understanding of the Earth system in the context of societal needs and a sustainable global future. The global change research programs (IGBP, IHDP, and DIVERSITAS) under the aegis of the International Council for Science (ICSU) will be merging under the Future Earth Initiative. The evolution of this new phase should be of interest to North American global change researchers, and several global change-related entities in the U.S. and Canada would like to offer an opportunity for North American scientists to be better informed about this evolution.

54

UNCORRECTED Patch occupancy of North American mammals: is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UNCORRECTED PROOF Patch occupancy of North American mammals: is patchiness in the eye, USA Abstract Aim Intraspecific variation in patch occupancy often is related to physical features environments typically exhibit non-random distributions in which local assemblages of species-poor patches

Swihart, Robert K. "Rob"

55

North American Free Trade and U.S. Agriculture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North American Free Trade and U.S. Agriculture Parr Rosson, Geoffrey A. Benson, Kirby S. Moulton and Larry D. Sanders* The use of trade agreements to achieve both domestic and international trade policy objectives is increasing. As a result, some U....S. agricultural exports setting a new record in 1996. R i s k M a n a g e men t E d u c a t i o n ? L-5282 RM6-8.0 5-99 *Professor and Extension Economist, The Texas A&M University System; Extension Economists, North Carolina State University, University...

Rosson, C. Parr; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Moulton, Kirby S.; Sanders, Larry D.

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

56

The North American Market For Renewable Energy Certificates, 6. edition  

SciTech Connect

The report provides a study of the Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) market and takes a comprehensive look at what RECs are, how they work, the role they can play in spurring renewable energy development, the different models for implementing RECs, current offerings of REC suppliers, and customer purchases of RECs. Topics covered include: an overview of green power; definition of what RECs are and how they work; discussion of the history of RECs and their uses; explanation of the benefits of RECs and the challenges they face; discussion of how RECs interact with Renewable Portfolio Standards; discussion of the REC certification process; overview of the current market for RECs in the U.S.; profiles of major North American REC tracking systems; and, profiles of 40 key North American REC market participants.

NONE

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

57

Radiation safety and quality assurance in North American dental schools  

SciTech Connect

A survey of North American dental schools revealed that processing quality control and routine maintenance checks on x-ray generators are, in most instances, being carried out in a timely manner. Available methods for reducing patient exposure to ionizing radiation are, however, not being fully implemented. Furthermore, in some instances, dental students are still being exposed to x-rays primarily for teaching purposes.

Farman, A.G.; Hines, V.G.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

High-Energy, Low-Frequency Risk to the North American Bulk Power System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High-Energy, Low-Frequency Risk to the North American Bulk Power High-Energy, Low-Frequency Risk to the North American Bulk Power System (June 2010) High-Energy, Low-Frequency Risk to the North American Bulk Power System (June 2010) A Jointly-Commissioned Summary Report of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation and the U.S. Department of Energy's November 2009 Workshop. The North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) partnered in July of 2009 on an effort to address High-Impact, Low-Frequency risks to the North American bulk power system. In August, NERC formed a steering committee made up of industry and risk experts to lead the development of an initial workshop on the subject, chaired by Scott Moore, VP Transmission System & Region Operations for American Electric Power, and Robert Stephan, Former Assistant Secretary for

59

United States, Canada and Mexico Release the "North American Natural Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Mexico Release the "North American and Mexico Release the "North American Natural Gas Vision" United States, Canada and Mexico Release the "North American Natural Gas Vision" February 25, 2005 - 10:29am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- The North American Energy Working Group (NAEWG), a group of senior energy officials from Canada, Mexico and the United States, today released the "North American Natural Gas Vision," a trilateral report by the three governments that includes information on the natural gas market in the North American region, including forecasts through the year 2012. U.S. Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman joined Minister of Natural Resources Canada R. John Efford and Mexico's Energy Secretary Fernando Elizondo in announcing the report's release. "This document is a key cooperative effort among the three countries to

60

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: North American Power Electronics Supply Chain Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Synthesis Partners at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about North American power...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

North American Green Power,LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power,LLC Power,LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: North American Green Power,LLC Name North American Green Power,LLC Address 1605 J.P Wright Loop Rd Place Jacksonville, Arkansas Zip 72076 Sector Wind energy Product Wind and Solar Turbines Year founded 2010 Number of employees 11-50 Phone number 6315233149 Website http://www.greenpowersol.com Coordinates 34.8834599°, -92.1046054° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.8834599,"lon":-92.1046054,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

62

NORTH-AMERICAN MP TANDEM ACCELERATORS H. E. WEGNER and P. THIEBERGER (*)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1291 NORTH-AMERICAN MP TANDEM ACCELERATORS H. E. WEGNER and P. THIEBERGER (*) Brookhaven National elles. Abstract. 2014 The North-American MP Tandem accelerators are six in number. Serial § 1. Yale; § 2 characteristics of these six tandem accelerators will be discussed in the order of their serial numbers. Upgrade

Boyer, Edmond

63

Scale dependence of native and alien species richness in North American floras  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scale dependence of native and alien species richness in North American floras Vliv mítka studia na of native and alien species richness in North American flo- ras. ­ Preslia 78: 427­436. I analyzed data from and alien diversity vary as a function of spatial grain. Moving window multi- ple regression revealed

Minnesota, University of

64

North Carolina used motor oil re-refining program: site selection, permits, and environmental impact study. [Re-refinery  

SciTech Connect

The State of North Carolina has a used motor oil re-refining program that collects crankcase drainings from various sources, re-refines it in a plant purchased from the Phillips Petroleum Company, and distributes the product to State and other governmental garages. This report describes the steps between the initial decision to establish a used oil re-refining demonstration program and receipt of a final permit to operate a facility. The report covers in some detail those issues faced in obtaining approval to establish the program, select a site, gain permits for construction and operation, prepare an acceptable environmental impact statement, and start re-refining used motor oil. Many of the considerations made during this experience are germaine to other states and to private enterprise, although the details may vary. This is the first in what is expected to be a related series of reports; subsequent numbers will cover the economics of plant acquisition and start-up, technical considerations, and long term operations of the re-refinery.

Griffith, W.C.; Holland, G.M.; Taylor, A.; Taylor, S.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Hybrid-Electric Porsche GT3R to Make North American Debut | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid-Electric Porsche GT3R to Make North American Debut Hybrid-Electric Porsche GT3R to Make North American Debut Hybrid-Electric Porsche GT3R to Make North American Debut September 24, 2010 - 4:10pm Addthis The Porsche 911 GT3R will make its North American debut at the Petit Le Mans in Georgia next Saturday. | Department of Energy Image | Photo by Erin Pierce The Porsche 911 GT3R will make its North American debut at the Petit Le Mans in Georgia next Saturday. | Department of Energy Image | Photo by Erin Pierce Paul Lester Communications Specialist for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? Petit Le Mans race in Georgia to feature five green vehicles Green Racing Initiative seeks to encourage development of energy efficient vehicles Two 60 kW electric motors part of GT3R's propulsion system

66

Hybrid-Electric Porsche GT3R to Make North American Debut | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid-Electric Porsche GT3R to Make North American Debut Hybrid-Electric Porsche GT3R to Make North American Debut Hybrid-Electric Porsche GT3R to Make North American Debut September 24, 2010 - 4:10pm Addthis The Porsche 911 GT3R will make its North American debut at the Petit Le Mans in Georgia next Saturday. | Department of Energy Image | Photo by Erin Pierce The Porsche 911 GT3R will make its North American debut at the Petit Le Mans in Georgia next Saturday. | Department of Energy Image | Photo by Erin Pierce Paul Lester Communications Specialist for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? Petit Le Mans race in Georgia to feature five green vehicles Green Racing Initiative seeks to encourage development of energy efficient vehicles Two 60 kW electric motors part of GT3R's propulsion system

67

1 Copyright 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the 17th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Copyright © 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the 17th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference

68

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Report- Model Validation Using Synchrophasors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This technical report was developed in October, 2013 by members of the North American SynchroPhasor Initiative, a collaboration between the North American electric industry (utilities, grid operators, vendors and consultants), the North American Electric Reliability Corporation, academics, and the U.S. Department of Energy, to advance and accelerate the development and use of synchrophasor technology for grid reliability and efficiency. The material was produced for a model validation workshop, one of a series of NASPI technical workshops intended to educate and document the stakeholder community on the state of the art for key synchrophasor technology issues.

69

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Report- Synchrophasor Technology and Renewables Integration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This technical report was developed in June 2012 by the North American SynchroPhasor Initiative, a collaboration between the North American electric industry (utilities, grid operators, vendors and consultants), the North American Electric Reliability Corporation, academics, and the U.S. Department of Energy, to advance and accelerate the development and use of synchrophasor technology for grid reliability and efficiency. The material was produced for a renewables integration workshop, one of a series of NASPI technical workshops intended to educate and document the stakeholder community on the state of the art for key synchrophasor technology issues.

70

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Report- Phasor Tools Visualization  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This technical report was developed by the North American SynchroPhasor Initiative, a collaboration between the North American electric industry (utilities, grid operators, vendors and consultants), the North American Electric Reliability Corporation, academics, and the U.S. Department of Energy, to advance and accelerate the development and use of synchrophasor technology for grid reliability and efficiency. The material was produced for a visualization workshop, one of a series of NASPI technical workshops intended to educate and document the stakeholder community on the state of the art for key synchrophasor technology issues.

71

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- North American Aviation Inc - CA 07  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

North American Aviation Inc - CA 07 North American Aviation Inc - CA 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION, INC. (CA.07) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: None Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Downey , California CA.07-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CA.07-1 Site Operations: Research and development on a bench scale using a small reactor; work done during the early 1950s. CA.07-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote based on limited scope of operations CA.07-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CA.07-3 Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION, INC. CA.07-1 - Memorandum/Checklist; Young to the File; Subject:

72

Synthesis of Results from the North American Monsoon Experiment (NAME) Process Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An international team of scientists from the United States, Mexico, and Central America carried out a major field campaign during the summer of 2004 to develop an improved understanding of the North American monsoon system leading to improved ...

Wayne Higgins; David Gochis

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Revision and Phylogenetic Analysis of the North American Antlion Genus Paranthaclisis Banks (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The North American antlion genus Paranthaclisis is comprehensively revised for the first time. Four species are recognized: P. congener (Hagen), P. floridensis Stange & Miller, P. hageni (Banks) and P. nevadensis Banks. Redescriptions, distribution...

Diehl, Benjamin

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

74

Self-confidence and the re-entry experience for North American women  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Seven themes emerged in a review of the literatureregarding the experience of North American re-entrywomen. The two most salient appeared to be linked tothe concept of transitions in adulthood and issuesrelate...

Karen E. Killy; William A. Borgen

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Land–Sea Thermal Contrast and Intensity of the North American Monsoon under Climate Change Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The hypothesis that global warming during the twenty-first century will increase the land–sea thermal contrast (LSTC) and therefore the intensity of early season precipitation of the North American monsoon (NAM) is examined. To test this ...

Abraham Torres-Alavez; Tereza Cavazos; Cuauhtemoc Turrent

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Optimal(Estimation(of(North(American(Methane( Emissions(using(GOSAT(data:(  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal(Estimation(of(North(American(Methane( Emissions(using(GOSAT(data:( A&Sciences&Division,&Lawrence&Berkeley&National&Laboratory,&Berkeley,&CA,&USA.! *aturner@fas.harvard.edu& Harvard(University( #12;Prior Methane Emissions from EDGARv4.2/Kaplan Major/Gas Waste Coal 0 5 10 15 20 Wetlands Livestock Oil/Gas Landfills Coal North America Global #12;Satellites

Jacob, Daniel J.

77

Copyright 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the 17th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copyright © 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the 17th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference on the strengths of past research at Columbia and North Carolina State on recycling, composting, waste- to-energy of each technology has the potential 1 Proceedings of the 17th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy

Columbia University

78

Comment submitted by the North American Association of Food Equipment Manufacturers (NAFEM) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a comment submitted by the North American Association of Food Equipment Manufacturers (NAFEM) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program

79

How Leaders Leverage Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Data: A Guide for the North American Residential Window Industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research studied ways in which leaders leverage Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data, specifically as it relates to the North American residential window industry. Multiple… (more)

Perkins, Annie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

North American Energy Work Group Releases Updated Trilateral...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

efficiency, regulatory cooperation, and hydrocarbons. The SPP strengthens North America's energy markets by working together, according to our respective legal frameworks, to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) is a collaboration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) is a collaboration North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) is a collaboration between the electric industry, the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to advance the use of synchrophasor technology to enhance grid reliability and economics through high-speed, wide-area measurement, monitoring, and control. The NASPI community is contributing to the development of secure, high- speed, time-synchronized data about bulk power system conditions. This requires infrastructure development, including phasor measurement units, data concentrators to synchronize and archive the data, secure communications systems to deliver the data, and analytical tools to process and interpret the synchrophasor data and its implications.

82

North American Shale Gas | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

North American Shale Gas North American Shale Gas Shale Gas Research in DOE Databases Energy Citations Database DOE Information Bridge Science.gov WorldWideScience.org More information DOE's Early Investment in Shale Gas Technology Producing Results Today (NETL) What is Shale Gas and why is it important? (EIA) Review of Emerging Resources: U.S. Shale Gas and Shale Oil Plays (EIA) Shale Gas: Applying Technology to Solve America's Energy Challenges (NETL brochure) Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Subcommittee (SEAB) on Shale Gas Production Posts Draft Report North American Shale Gas Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration based on data from various published studies. Visit the Science Showcase homepage. OSTI Homepage Mobile Gallery Subscribe to RSS OSTI Blog Get Widgets Get Alert Services

83

North American Energy Ministers Take Further Action on Energy Security and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ministers Take Further Action on Energy Ministers Take Further Action on Energy Security and the Environment North American Energy Ministers Take Further Action on Energy Security and the Environment July 23, 2007 - 2:55pm Addthis Joint Communiqué VICTORIA - Energy ministers for Canada, Mexico and the United States took another step toward enhancing North American energy security and environmental protection, announcing concrete actions on energy science and technology, energy efficiency, deployment of clean energy technologies and other cooperative projects. The North American energy ministers met in Victoria, B.C., today where the Honourable Gary Lunn, Minister of Natural Resources, hosted his counterparts Ms. Georgina Kessel, Secretary of Energy for Mexico, and U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman.

84

Final Report on Kokes Awards for the 20th North American Catalysis Society Meeting  

SciTech Connect

This Final Report describes how the Kokes Awards program was carried out for the 2007 meeting with regard to selection of students and disbursement of funds received from DOE and other sources. The objective of the Richard J. Kokes Travel Award program of the American Catalysis Society is to encourage graduate students to attend and participate meaningfully in the biennial North American Catalysis Society Meeting.

Wong, Michael S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

North American Short Line and Regional Railroads Industry Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Short Line and American Short Line and Short Line and American Short Line and Regional Railroad Association Regional Railroad Association " " The Voice of America The Voice of America ' ' s Independent Railroads s Independent Railroads " " 4/27/2005 2 ASLRRA Membership ASLRRA Membership 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Total Number of Member Companies 1943 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 Year ASLRRA Member History (1943 - 2003) Associate Railroad

86

Multiscale Variability of the Flow during the North American Monsoon Experiment RICHARD H. JOHNSON, PAUL E. CIESIELSKI, BRIAN D. MCNOLDY, PETER J. ROGERS, AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multiscale Variability of the Flow during the North American Monsoon Experiment RICHARD H. JOHNSON H. Johnson, Dept

Johnson, Richard H.

87

Continental energy security: Energy security in the North American context1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, commissioned reports, and signed legislation in an effort to stem crude oil imports and improve energy securityERG/201101 Continental energy security: Energy security in the North American context1 Larry Hughes, Canada 24 January 2011 1 A textbox for the Global Energy Assessment's Knowledge Module 5: Energy Security

Hughes, Larry

88

Optimization and Visualization of the North American Eastern Interconnect Power Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Hale DHALE@eia.doe.gov U.S. Energy Information Agency Washington, DC 20585 USA Thomas J. OverbyeOptimization and Visualization of the North American Eastern Interconnect Power Market Douglas R Overbye@ece.uiuc.edu University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, IL 61801 USA Abstract This paper

89

Proceedings of NAWTEC16 16th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and over-burdened dumps. Improper disposal of solid wastes over several decades and open burning of garbageProceedings of NAWTEC16 16th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference May 19-21, 2008 is facing a solid waste management crisis. The infrastructure has been unable to keep pace with economic

Columbia University

90

Quaternary Science Reviews 25 (2006) 659688 A calibrated deglacial drainage chronology for the North American  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the North American continent: evidence of an Arctic trigger for the Younger Dryas Lev TarasovÃ?, W.R. Peltier@atmosp.physics.utoronto.ca (L. Tarasov), peltier@atmosp.physics.utoronto.ca (W.R. Peltier). #12;(THC) (Keigwin et al., 1991

Peltier, W. Richard

91

Patch occupancy of North American mammals: is patchiness in the eye of the beholder?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Patch occupancy of North American mammals: is patchiness in the eye of the beholder? Robert K Intraspecific variation in patch occupancy often is related to physical features of a landscape non-random distributions in which local assemblages of species-poor patches are nested subsets

Gehring, Thomas M.

92

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Wood Products and Equipment Codes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Wood Products and Equipment Codes Louisiana contains NAICS codes and associated SIC codes for wood products and wood products equipment manufacturers, lathes, and routers to shape wood. NAICS SIC Corresponding Index Entries 321912 2426 Blanks, wood (e

93

A summary of North American HVDC converter station reliability specifications  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability (RAM) specifications that were issued for thyristor based HVDC converter stations in service in North America. A total of twenty project specifications are summarized. A detailed summary by project is shown with specific quantitative requirements categorized. Definitions of terms, representative design principles, and formulas used in calculating RAM parameters contained in existing reliability specifications are presented.

Vancers, I. (ABB Power Systems Inc., Los Angeles, CA (United States)); Hormozi, F.J. (Los Angeles Dept. of Water and Power, CA (United States))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Triazine herbcides: Ecological risk assessment in North American surface waters  

SciTech Connect

The triazine herbicides are some of the most widely used pesticides in North America. Some are found in surface waters in North America and risks to aquatic ecosystems are a possible concern. This paper presents the results of a comprehensive aquatic ecological risk assessment conducted using probabilistic risk assessment techniques. The assessment of exposure data concentrated on Midwestern us watersheds, the area of greatest triazine use in North America and showed that concentrations of some triazines rarely exceeded 20 {mu}g/L in rivers, streams, and reservoirs. The effects assessment showed that phytoplankton were the most sensitive organisms to triazines followed, in decreasing order of sensitivity, by macrophytes, benthic invertebrates, zooplankton and fish. Distribution analysis of sensitivity to atrazine showed 10th percentile of 37 {mu}g/L for LC50s in all organisms and 5.4 {mu}g/L for LC50s in algae and plants. Simazine showed 10th percentiles of 188 {mu}g/L for LC50s in all organisms and 27 {mu}g/L for LC50s in aquatic plants. Comparisons of the exposure and effects distributions showed low probabilities of exceeding the 10th percentiles of the sensitivity distributions. These results will be discussed in relation to the mechanism of action of these substances and other stressors in the environment.

Solomon, K.R. [Univ. of Guelph (Canada)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American and transoceanic routes Title Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American and transoceanic routes Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Bhangar, Seema, Shannon Cowlin, Brett C. Singer, Richard G. Sextro, and William W. Nazaroff Journal Environmental Science and Technology Volume 42 Issue 11 Pagination 3938-43 Abstract Ozone levels in airplane cabins, and factors that influence them, were studied on northern hemisphere commercial passenger flights on domestic U.S., transatlantic, and transpacific routes. Real-time data from 76 flights were collected in 2006-2007 with a battery-powered UV photometric monitor. Sample mean ozone level, peak-hour ozone level, and flight-integrated ozone exposures were highly variable across domestic segments (N = 68), with ranges of 100 ppbv) ozone levels on domestic flights were associated with winter-spring storms that are linked to enhanced exchange between the lower stratosphere and the upper troposphere.

96

Heat flow patterns of the North American continent: A discussion of the DNAG Geothermal Map of North America  

SciTech Connect

The large and small-scale geothermal features of the North American continent and surrounding ocean areas illustrated on the new 1:5,000,000 DNAG Geothermal Map of North America are summarized. Sources for the data included on the map are given. The types of data included are heat flow sites coded by value, contours of heat flow with a color fill, areas of major groundwater effects on regional heat flow, the top-of-geopressure in the Gulf Coast region, temperature on the Dakota aquifer in the midcontinent, location of major hot springs and geothermal systems, and major center of Quaternary and Holocene volcanism. The large scale heat flow pattern that is well known for the conterminous United States and Canada of normal heat flow east of the Cordillera and generally high heat flow west of the front of the Cordillera dominates the continental portion of the map. However, details of the heat flow variations are also seen and are discussed briefly in this and the accompanying papers.

Blackwell, David D.; Steele, John L.; Carter, Larry C.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Abstracts, Division of Biological Chemistry, 3rd Chemical Congress of North America and 195th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, June 5 - 10, 1988  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstracts, Division of Biological Chemistry, 3rd Chemical Congress of North America and 195th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, June 5 - 10, 1988 ...

S. Benkovic; G. Kenyon; F. Wold; C. poulter; J. Stubbe; A. Krantz; A. Gresser; R. Kluger; E. Sanchez

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

The North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program: Overview of Phase I Results  

SciTech Connect

The North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program is an international effort designed to systematically investigate the uncertainties in regional scale projections of future climate and produce high resolution climate change scenarios using multiple regional climate models (RCMs) nested within atmosphere ocean general circulation models (AOGCMs) forced with the A2 SRES scenario, with a common domain covering the conterminous US, northern Mexico, and most of Canada. The program also includes an evaluation component (Phase I) wherein the participating RCMs are nested within 25 years of NCEP/DOE global reanalysis II. The grid spacing of the RCM simulations is 50 km.

Mearns, L. O.; Arritt, R.; Biner, S.; Bukovsky, Melissa; McGinnis, Seth; Sain, Steve; Caya, Daniel; Correia Jr., James; Flory, Dave; Gutowski, William; Takle, Gene; Jones, Richard; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Moufouma-Okia, Wilfran; McDaniel, Larry; Nunes, A.; Qian, Yun; Roads, J.; Sloan, Lisa; Snyder, Mark A.

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

99

Gulf Coast refiners gain access to more California crudes  

SciTech Connect

Refiners east of the Rockies, particularly Gulf Coast refiners, have gained access to easter and central California crudes with the opening of Celeron Corp.'s All American Pipeline (AAPL). Currently, AAPL is carrying a blend of California crudes with properties similar to Alaskan North Slope (ANS). Although the blend is moderate gravity and sulfur content, it is comprised of crudes from several fields in California that display wide variations in quality. Future deliveries east from California will be from regions with even more extremes of quality. To familiarize refiners with the crudes that will become available, some of the properties of these California crudes are discussed, along with some of the problems refiners may encounter in processing these materials.

Vautrain, J.H.; Sanderson, W.J.

1988-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

100

Table 40. U.S. Coal Stocks at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0. U.S. Coal Stocks at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code 0. U.S. Coal Stocks at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 40. U.S. Coal Stocks at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 NAICS Code June 30, 2013 March 31, 2013 June 30, 2012 Percent Change (June 30) 2013 versus 2012 311 Food Manufacturing 875 926 1,015 -13.9 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Mfg. 26 17 19 35.8 313 Textile Mills 22 22 25 -13.9 315 Apparel Manufacturing w w w w 321 Wood Product Manufacturing w w w w 322 Paper Manufacturing 570 583

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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101

Table 35. U.S. Coal Consumption at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Coal Consumption at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code U.S. Coal Consumption at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 35. U.S. Coal Consumption at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date NAICS Code April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change 311 Food Manufacturing 2,256 2,561 1,864 4,817 4,343 10.9 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Mfg. 38 50 48 88 95 -7.7 313 Textile Mills 31 29 21 60 59 2.2 315 Apparel Manufacturing w w w w w w 321 Wood Product Manufacturing w w w

102

An Avian Influenza Virus from Waterfowl in South America Contains Genes from North American Avian and Equine Lineages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Avian Influenza Virus from Waterfowl in South America Contains Genes from North American Avian in 2002, there have been few reports of avian influenza in South America. However, surveillance in free to an equine influenza virus from South America. RESUMEN. Un virus de influenza aviar aislado de aves acua

McCracken, Kevin G.

103

High-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low-carbon futures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low energy Carbon emissions a b s t r a c t Decarbonizing electricity production is central to reducing of resource cost scenarios, most coal power plants would be replaced by solar, wind, gas, and/or nuclear

Kammen, Daniel M.

104

High-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low-carbon futures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low t Decarbonizing electricity production is central to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Exploiting intermittent be replaced by solar, wind, gas, and/or nuclear generation, with intermittent renewable sources providing

Kammen, Daniel M.

105

North American Power Symposium NAPS, Laramie, Wyoming, October 1997, pp. 49 54. Fundamental Frequency Model of Static Synchronous Compensator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North American Power Symposium NAPS, Laramie, Wyoming, October 1997, pp. 49 54. Fundamental collapse studies, that required accurate representation of fundamental frequency operation and control on the utilization of high-current, high-voltage power electronic controllers 1, 2, 3, 4 . The authors in 2, 3

Cañizares, Claudio A.

106

Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets: Issue Paper Synopses  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Issue Paper Synopses Issue Paper Synopses "Contributions of the Restructuring of the Electric Power Industry to the August 14, 2003 Blackout" by Jack Casazza, Frank Delea, and George Loehr, Power Engineers Supporting Truth Jack Casazza, Frank Delea, and George Loehr argue that "deregulation and restructuring have had a devastating effect on the reliability of the North American power system and constitute the ultimate root cause of the August 14, 2003." They offer a number of major findings to support this conclusion: 1) Industry focus has changed from coordination to competition with the major concern being profits rather than reliability; 2) Expenditures and manpower have been reduced; 3) The qualifications of senior managers in the industry and

107

Sequence analysis of a zinc-finger gene for the examination of paternal lineages and introgressive hybridization in North American deer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By direct sequence analysis of the mammalian zinc-finger Y (Zfy) gene, interspecific and intraspecific variations were documented in a Y-chromosomal locus in North American deer. The evolutionary history of paternal lineages was distinctly different...

Cathey, James Cleveland

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

108

LIMITS ON THE STOCHASTIC GRAVITATIONAL WAVE BACKGROUND FROM THE NORTH AMERICAN NANOHERTZ OBSERVATORY FOR GRAVITATIONAL WAVES  

SciTech Connect

We present an analysis of high-precision pulsar timing data taken as part of the North American Nanohertz Observatory for Gravitational Waves (NANOGrav) project. We have observed 17 pulsars for a span of roughly five years using the Green Bank and Arecibo radio telescopes. We analyze these data using standard pulsar timing models, with the addition of time-variable dispersion measure and frequency-variable pulse shape terms. Sub-microsecond timing residuals are obtained in nearly all cases, and the best rms timing residuals in this set are {approx}30-50 ns. We present methods for analyzing post-fit timing residuals for the presence of a gravitational wave signal with a specified spectral shape. These optimally take into account the timing fluctuation power removed by the model fit, and can be applied to either data from a single pulsar, or to a set of pulsars to detect a correlated signal. We apply these methods to our data set to set an upper limit on the strength of the nHz-frequency stochastic supermassive black hole gravitational wave background of h{sub c} (1 yr{sup -1}) < 7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -15} (95%). This result is dominated by the timing of the two best pulsars in the set, PSRs J1713+0747 and J1909-3744.

Demorest, P. B.; Ransom, S. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States)] [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Ferdman, R. D.; Kaspi, V. M. [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 rue Universite, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada)] [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 rue Universite, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Gonzalez, M. E.; Stairs, I. H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Nice, D. [Department of Physics, Lafayette College, Easton, PA 18042 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Lafayette College, Easton, PA 18042 (United States); Arzoumanian, Z. [Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology and X-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology and X-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Brazier, A.; Cordes, J. M. [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Burke-Spolaor, S.; Lazio, J. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91106 (United States)] [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91106 (United States); Chamberlin, S. J.; Ellis, J.; Giampanis, S. [Center for Gravitation, Cosmology and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201 (United States)] [Center for Gravitation, Cosmology and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201 (United States); Finn, L. S. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Freire, P. [Max-Planck-Institut fur Radioastronomie, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut fur Radioastronomie, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Jenet, F. [Center for Gravitational Wave Astronomy, University of Texas at Brownsville, Brownsville, TX 78520 (United States)] [Center for Gravitational Wave Astronomy, University of Texas at Brownsville, Brownsville, TX 78520 (United States); Lommen, A. N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Franklin and Marshall College, P.O. Box 3003, Lancaster, PA 17604 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Franklin and Marshall College, P.O. Box 3003, Lancaster, PA 17604 (United States); McLaughlin, M. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, P.O. Box 6315, Morgantown, WV 26505 (United States)] [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, P.O. Box 6315, Morgantown, WV 26505 (United States); and others

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

109

Table 28. U.S. Coal Receipts at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Coal Receipts at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code U.S. Coal Receipts at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 28. U.S. Coal Receipts at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date NAICS Code April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change 311 Food Manufacturing 2,214 2,356 1,994 4,570 4,353 5.0 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Mfg. 48 37 53 85 90 -5.6 313 Textile Mills 31 29 22 59 63 -6.1 315 Apparel Manufacturing w w w w w w 321 Wood Product Manufacturing w w w w w w 322 Paper Manufacturing

110

Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technology Conductive to Today's North American Specification Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North American Specification Liquid propane injection...

111

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual north american Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Kansas Collection: Chemistry 3 CURRICULUM VITAE Christopher K. Beachy Summary: North Dakota INBRE Annual Symposium for...

112

Improving Seasonal Forecast Skill of North American Surface Air Temperature in Fall Using a Postprocessing Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A statistical postprocessing approach is applied to seasonal forecasts of surface air temperatures (SAT) over North America in fall, when the original uncalibrated predictions have little skill. The data used are ensemble-mean seasonal forecasts ...

XiaoJing Jia; Hai Lin; Jacques Derome

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

North American Central Plains conductivity anomaly within the Trans-Hudson orogen in northern Saskatchewan, Canada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saskatchewan, Canada Alan G. Jones } James A. Craven Geological Survey of Canada, 1 Observatory Crescent Magnetotelluric data acquired across the Paleoproterozoic Trans-Hudson orogen, north- ern Saskatchewan, image one

Jones, Alan G.

114

Refiner Crude Oil Inputs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Day) Refiner Percent Operable Utilization Net Inputs (Refiner and Blender) of Motor Gasoline Blending Comp Net Inputs (Refiner and Blender) of RBOB Blending Components Net...

115

"American manufacturers are a cornerstone of the American economy and embody the best in American values. They enhance U.S. competitiveness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"American manufacturers are a cornerstone of the American economy and embody the best in American...................................................................... 27 Phase Four: Testing and Refinement ........................................................ 27

116

A model-data intercomparison of CO2 exchange across North America: Results from the North American Carbon Program Site Synthesis  

SciTech Connect

Our current understanding of terrestrial carbon processes is represented in various models used to integrate and scale measurements of CO{sub 2} exchange from remote sensing and other spatiotemporal data. Yet assessments are rarely conducted to determine how well models simulate carbon processes across vegetation types and environmental conditions. Using standardized data from the North American Carbon Program we compare observed and simulated monthly CO{sub 2} exchange from 44 eddy covariance flux towers in North America and 22 terrestrial biosphere models. The analysis period spans {approx}220 site-years, 10 biomes, and includes two large-scale drought events, providing a natural experiment to evaluate model skill as a function of drought and seasonality. We evaluate models' ability to simulate the seasonal cycle of CO{sub 2} exchange using multiple model skill metrics and analyze links between model characteristics, site history, and model skill. Overall model performance was poor; the difference between observations and simulations was {approx}10 times observational uncertainty, with forested ecosystems better predicted than nonforested. Model-data agreement was highest in summer and in temperate evergreen forests. In contrast, model performance declined in spring and fall, especially in ecosystems with large deciduous components, and in dry periods during the growing season. Models used across multiple biomes and sites, the mean model ensemble, and a model using assimilated parameter values showed high consistency with observations. Models with the highest skill across all biomes all used prescribed canopy phenology, calculated NEE as the difference between GPP and ecosystem respiration, and did not use a daily time step.

Schwalm, C.R.; Williams, C.A.; Schaefer, K.; Anderson, R.; Arain, M.A.; Baker, I.; Black, T.A.; Chen, G.; Ciais, P.; Davis, K. J.; Desai, A. R.; Dietze, M.; Dragoni, D.; Fischer, M.L.; Flanagan, L.B.; Grant, R.F.; Gu, L.; Hollinger, D.; Izaurralde, R.C.; Kucharik, C.; Lafleur, P.M.; Law, B.E.; Li, L.; Li, Z.; Liu, S.; Lokupitiya, E.; Luo, Y.; Ma, S.; Margolis, H.; Matamala, R.; McCaughey, H.; Monson, R. K.; Oechel, W. C.; Peng, C.; Poulter, B.; Price, D.T.; Riciutto, D.M.; Riley, W.J.; Sahoo, A.K.; Sprintsin, M.; Sun, J.; Tian, H.; Tonitto, C.; Verbeeck, H.; Verma, S.B.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Proceedings of the 17th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference May 18-20, 2009, Chantilly, Virginia, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WASTE (MSW) GASIFICATION UNDER VARIOUS PRESSURES AND CO2 CONCENTRATION ATMOSPHERES Eilhann Kwon, Kelly J, New York, NY 10027 ABSTRACT The Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) gasification process is a promisingProceedings of the 17th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference NAWTEC17 May 18-20, 2009

Columbia University

118

PCR Detection of North American and Central African Isolates of Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus (EHDV) Based on Genome Segment 10 of EHDV Serotype 1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan). The North American viruses...were extracted in Khartoum, Sudan. Extraction of viral nucleic...described (), except that the thermal cycling profiles were as follows...out at a volume of 100 mul. Thermal profiles were performed with...

Imadeldin E. Aradaib; William C. Wilson; Caroline E. Schore; Mohammed E. H. Mohammed; Tilahun D. Yilma; James S. Cullor; Bennie I. Osburn

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Comment submitted by the North American Association of Food Equipment Manufacturers (NAFEM) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

From: Charlie Souhrada [mailto:csouhrada@nafem.org] From: Charlie Souhrada [mailto:csouhrada@nafem.org] Sent: Monday, May 09, 2011 3:46 PM To: ESTAR_Verification_Testing Subject: Verification Testing Sample Size On behalf of the North American Association of Food Equipment Manufacturers (NAFEM), thank you for the opportunity to comment on the April 22 document, "DOE Verification Testing in Support of ENERGY STAR". Based on review of the contents, NAFEM encourages DOE/EPA administration to note the following: * Commercial foodservice equipment (CFE) is produced and sold in relatively low volumes, making this product category significantly different from residential appliances. Grouping CFE with residential appliances is both technically inaccurate and economically impractical because the

120

Bootstrapping a Sustainable North American PEM Fuel Cell Industry: Could a Federal Acquisition Program Make a Difference?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The North American Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell industry may be at a critical juncture. A large-scale market for automotive fuel cells appears to be several years away and in any case will require a long-term, coordinated commitment by government and industry to insure the co-evolution of hydrogen infrastructure and fuel cell vehicles (Greene et al., 2008). The market for non-automotive PEM fuel cells, on the other hand, may be much closer to commercial viability (Stone, 2006). Cost targets are less demanding and manufacturers appear to be close, perhaps within a factor of two, of meeting them. Hydrogen supply is a significant obstacle to market acceptance but may not be as great a barrier as it is for hydrogen-powered vehicles due to the smaller quantities of hydrogen required.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

North American Overview - Heat Pumps Role in Buildings Energy Efficiency Improvement  

SciTech Connect

A brief overview of the situation in North America regarding buildings energy use and the current and projected heat pump market is presented. R&D and deployment strategies for heat pumps, and the impacts of the housing market and efficiency regulations on the heating and cooling equipment market are summarized as well.

Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Bouza, Antonio [U.S. Department of Energy; Giguère, Daniel [Natural Resources Canada; Hosatte, Sophie [Natural Resources Canada

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Dynamic capabilities for strategic green advantage: green electricity purchasing in North American firms, SMEs, NGOs and agencies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

North American businesses, social economy organisations and government agencies are tackling the challenges of declining non-renewable energy resources and climate change by voluntarily purchasing green electricity (GE). This study uses a survey of 213 organisations that voluntarily purchase GE to test the influence of green institutional and green resource-based factors on the purchase decision. Components of green institutional theory and the green resource-based view of the firm were found to have only a secondary or indirect influence on the voluntary decision to purchase GE. In contrast, the overwhelming importance attributed by respondents to the role of champions suggests that internal agency should be incorporated into future studies examining voluntary environmental decisions from an organisational perspective. The dynamic capabilities process, defined as the interaction between champions and environmental structures, can generate strategic green advantage if champions use environmental structures to emphasise: 1) environmental benefits; 2) marketing and green image benefits; 3) the GE purchase as a hedge against fossil-fuel price uncertainty.

Travis Gliedt; Paul Parker

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Table 29. Average Price of U.S. Coal Receipts at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price of U.S. Coal Receipts at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code Price of U.S. Coal Receipts at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 29. Average Price of U.S. Coal Receipts at Manufacturing Plants by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date NAICS Code April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change 311 Food Manufacturing 51.17 49.59 50.96 50.35 50.94 -1.2 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Mfg. 111.56 115.95 113.47 113.49 117.55 -3.5 313 Textile Mills 115.95 118.96 127.41 117.40 128.07 -8.3 315 Apparel Manufacturing

124

Air-Quality Data from NARSTO (North American Research Strategy for Tropospheric Ozone)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

NARSTO is a public/private partnership dedicated to improving management of air quality in North America. It was established on February 13, 1995 when representatives of Canada, the United States, and Mexico signed the NARSTO Charter in a ceremony at the White House. The Department of Energy is one of the charter members providing funding. The central programmatic goal of NARSTO is to provide data and information for use in the determination of workable, efficient, and effective strategies for local and regional ozone and fine particle management. Since its founding, NARSTO has completed three major scientific Assessments of critical air quality management issues. NARSTO maintains the Quality Systems Science Center and the NARSTO Data Archive for storing data from NARSTO Affiliated Research Activities and making these data available to the scientific community. NARSTO also facilitates activities, such as the Reactivity Research Working Group, which provide critical reviews of the state of the science in areas of interest to air quality policy makers. In January 1997, the U.S. Department of Energy's Environmental Sciences Division announced their sponsorship of the NARSTO Quality Systems Science Center (QSSC). The QSSC is located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory within the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC). Quality Assurance and Data Management assistance and guidelines are provided by the QSCC, along with access to data files. The permanent data archive is maintained by the NASA EOSDIS Distributed Active Archive Center at the Langley Research Center. The archived data can be reached by a link from the QSSC.(Specialized Interface) See also the NARSTO web site at http://www.narsto.org/

125

North Carolina State Energy Office Š Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Funds Provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, OAS-RA-13-09  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Carolina State Energy Office  North Carolina State Energy Office  Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Funds Provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 OAS-RA-13-09 February 2013 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 February 19, 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY FROM: Rickey R. Hass Deputy Inspector General for Audits and Inspections Office of Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Examination Report on "North Carolina State Energy Office - Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Funds Provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009" INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE

126

The North American Carbon Program Multi-scale synthesis and Terrestrial Model Intercomparison Project Part 1: Overview and experimental design  

SciTech Connect

Terrestrial biosphere models (TBMs) have become an integral tool for extrapolating local observations and understanding of land-atmosphere carbon exchange to larger regions. The North American Carbon Program (NACP) Multi-scale synthesis and Terrestrial Model Intercomparison Project (MsTMIP) is a formal model intercomparison and evaluation effort focused on improving the diagnosis and attribution of carbon exchange at regional and global scales. MsTMIP builds upon current and past synthesis activities, and has a unique framework designed to isolate, interpret, and inform understanding of how model structural differences impact estimates of carbon uptake and release. Here we provide an overview of the MsTMIP effort and describe how the MsTMIP experimental design enables the assessment and quantification of TBM structural uncertainty. Model structure refers to the types of processes considered (e.g. nutrient cycling, disturbance, lateral transport of carbon), and how these processes are represented (e.g. photosynthetic formulation, temperature sensitivity, respiration) in the models. By prescribing a common experimental protocol with standard spin-up procedures and driver data sets, we isolate any biases and variability in TBM estimates of regional and global carbon budgets resulting from differences in the models themselves (i.e. model structure) and model-specific parameter values. An initial intercomparison of model structural differences is represented using hierarchical cluster diagrams (a.k.a. dendrograms), which highlight similarities and differences in how models account for carbon cycle, vegetation, energy, and nitrogen cycle dynamics. We show that, despite the standardized protocol used to derive initial conditions, models show a high degree of variation for GPP, total living biomass, and total soil carbon, underscoring the influence of differences in model structure and parameterization on model estimates.

Huntzinger, D.N. [Northern Arizona University] [Northern Arizona University; Schwalm, C. [Northern Arizona University] [Northern Arizona University; Michalak, A.M [Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford] [Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford; Schaefer, K. [National Snow and Ice Data Center] [National Snow and Ice Data Center; King, A.W. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Wei, Y. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Jacobson, A. [National Snow and Ice Data Center] [National Snow and Ice Data Center; Liu, S. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Cook, R. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Post, W.M. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Berthier, G. [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE)] [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE); Hayes, D. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Huang, M. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Ito, A. [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan] [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan; Lei, H. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Lu, C. [International Center for Climate and Global Change Research and School of Forestry and Wildlife Sci.] [International Center for Climate and Global Change Research and School of Forestry and Wildlife Sci.; Mao, J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Peng, C.H. [University of Quebec at Montreal, Institute of Environment Sciences] [University of Quebec at Montreal, Institute of Environment Sciences; Peng, S. [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE)] [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE); Poulter, B. [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE)] [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE); Riccuito, D. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Shi, X. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Tian, H. [International Center for Climate and Global Change Research and School of Forestry and Wildlife Sci.] [International Center for Climate and Global Change Research and School of Forestry and Wildlife Sci.; Wang, W. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Ames Research Center, Moffett Field] [National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Ames Research Center, Moffett Field; Zeng, N. [University of Maryland] [University of Maryland; Zhao, F. [University of Maryland] [University of Maryland; Zhu, Q. [Laboratory for Ecological Forecasting and Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University] [Laboratory for Ecological Forecasting and Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Validation of Noah-simulated Soil Temperature in the North American Land Data Assimilation System Phase 2  

SciTech Connect

Soil temperature can exhibit considerable memory from weather and climate signals and is among the most important initial conditions in numerical weather and climate models. Consequently, a more accurate long-term land surface soil temperature dataset is needed to improve weather and climate simulation and prediction, and is also important for the simulation of agricultural crop yield and ecological processes. The North-American Land Data Assimilation (NLDAS) Phase 2 (NLDAS-2) has generated 31-years (1979-2009) of simulated hourly soil temperature data with a spatial resolution of 1/8o. This dataset has not been comprehensively evaluated to date. Thus, the ultimate purpose of the present work is to assess Noah-simulated soil temperature for different soil depths and timescales. We used long-term (1979-2001) observed monthly mean soil temperatures from 137 cooperative stations over the United States to evaluate simulated soil temperature for three soil layers (0-10 cm, 10-40 cm, 40-100 cm) for annual and monthly timescales. We used short-term (1997-1999) observed soil temperature from 72 Oklahoma Mesonet stations to validate simulated soil temperatures for three soil layers and for daily and hourly timescales. The results showed that the Noah land surface model (Noah LSM) generally matches observed soil temperature well for different soil layers and timescales. At greater depths, the simulation skill (anomaly correlation) decreased for all time scales. The monthly mean diurnal cycle difference between simulated and observed soil temperature revealed large midnight biases in the cold season due to small downward longwave radiation and issues related to model parameters.

Xia, Youlong; Ek, Michael; Sheffield, Justin; Livneh, Ben; Huang, Maoyi; Wei, Helin; Song, Feng; Luo, Lifeng; Meng, Jesse; Wood, Eric

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

128

ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes bandwidth.pdf More Documents & Publications ITP Petroleum...

129

ITP Petroleum Refining: Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in California: California Industries of the Future Program ITP Petroleum Refining: Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in...

130

Sanyo North America Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California Zip: CA 92154 Product: Sanyo North America Co, a subsidiary of Japanese electronics manufacture Sanyo, overseas and supports the North American market, including...

131

MECS 2006- Petroleum Refining  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Petroleum Refining (NAICS 324110) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

132

Petroleum Refining | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Petroleum Refining Petroleum Refining Maintaining the viability of the U.S. petroleum refining industry requires continuous improvement in productivity and energy efficiency. The...

133

fCourse: Learn to Swim Level 5: Stroke Refinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fCourse: Learn to Swim Level 5: Stroke Refinement Purpose To further learn how to coordinate and refine strokes Prerequisites Valid American Red Cross Learn-to-Swim Level 4: Fundamental Aquatic Skills Shallow-angle dive from the side then glide and begin a front stroke Tuck and pike surface dives, submerge

Hemmers, Oliver

134

Incomplete barriers to mitochondrial gene flow between pheromone races of the North American pine engraver, Ips pini (Say) (Coleoptera, Scolytidae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...latifolia K(6), M(2) and H(2) north-western/western CO Colorado: Larimer Co. Roosevelt National Forest, near...contorta latifolia F(1), G(1) and K(8) western SDa South Dakota: Pennington Co. 3 km south of...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Biocatalysis in Oil Refining  

SciTech Connect

Biocatalysis in Oil Refining focuses on petroleum refining bioprocesses, establishing a connection between science and technology. The micro organisms and biomolecules examined for biocatalytic purposes for oil refining processes are thoroughly detailed. Terminology used by biologists, chemists and engineers is brought into a common language, aiding the understanding of complex biological-chemical-engineering issues. Problems to be addressed by the future R&D activities and by new technologies are described and summarized in the last chapter.

Borole, Abhijeet P [ORNL; Ramirez-Corredores, M. M. [BP Global Fuels Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Genealogy of major U.S. refiners  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of major U.S. refiners of major U.S. refiners 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Amoco SOHIO BP ARCO Mapco Williams Clark Refining 1/89 12/98 4/00 3/98 Orion Diamond Shamrock Ultramar k 12/96 7/03 Ultramar Diamond Shamrock (UDS) Total North America UDS 9/97 Valero Salomon (Basis) Valero Williams BP BP b BP-Husky Refining LLC (jv) Husky Huntway 5/97 6/01 9/05 Valero Premcor g Valero Valero Valero 12/01 7/94 e 12/98 f Carlyle Group y Coastal 3/03 d 12/88 a 6/01 o Sun Company Sunoco v 7/07 i 4/08 c 5/04 h Pacific Refining (jv) 12/88 r El Paso 1/04 w 10/98 m 6/00 n 9/89 t 8/94 u See notes, footnotes, and source notes below. PBF Energy 6/10 p 12/10 q 3/11 x 10/11 j 9/00 l 1/01 s Genealogy of major U.S. refiners (continued) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

137

Characterization of selected Ohio coals to predict their conversion behavior relative to 104 North American Coals. [Factors correlating with liquefaction behavior  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-six coal samples from Ohio were collected as washed and seam samples, and lithobodies within the seams. Characterization of these samples included determination of % maceral, % anti R/sub max/, LTA, chlorine content and proximate/ultimate and qualitative mineral analyses. These data were compared to data from a similar project by Yarzab, R.F., et al., 1980 completed at Pennsylvania State University using tetralin as the hydrogen donor solvent. The characteristics of these coals were correlated with liquefaction conversion and other data accrued on 104 North American coals by statistical analyses. Utilizing percent carbon, sulfur, volatile matter, reflectance, vitrinite and total reactive macerals, Q-mode cluster analysis demonstrated that Ohio coals are more similar to the coals of the Interior province than to those of the Appalachian province. Linear multiple regression analysis for the 104 North American coals provided a prediction equation for conversion (R = .96). The predicted conversion values for the samples range from 58.8 to 79.6%, with the Lower Kittanning (No. 5) and the Middle Kittanning (No. 6) coal seams showing the highest predicted percent conversion (respectively, 73.4 and 72.2%). The moderately low FSI values for the No. 5 and No. 6 coals (respectively, 2.5 and 3) and their moderately high alkaline earth content (respectively, 0.69 and 0.74%) suggest that these coals possess the best overall properties for conversion. Stepwise regression has indicated that the most important coal characteristics affecting conversion are, in decreasing order of importance: % volatile matter, % vitrinite and % total sulfur. Conversion processes can be expected to produce higher yields with Ohio coals due to the presence of such mineral catalysts as pyrite and kaolinite. It is believed that the presence of these disposable catalysts increases the marketability of Ohio coals.

Whitacre, T. P.; Hunt, T. J.; Kneller, W. A.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Hydrogen Piping Experience in Chevron Refining  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Piping Piping Experience in Chevron Refining Ned Niccolls Materials Engineer Chevron Energy Technology Company Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop August 30-31, 2005 Outline 2 Overall perspectives from long term use of hydrogen piping in refining. Piping specifications and practices. The (few) problem areas. Related industry work: American Petroleum Institute corrosion and materials work on high temperature hydrogen attack. Overall Perspectives 3 Few problems with hydrogen piping operating at ambient to at least 800F and pressures up to at least 3000psia as long as we stay within well- defined limits H2S contamination presents many more problems, beyond the scope of this talk We will note a couple of specific vulnerabilities Refining tracks materials performance in

139

North America Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North American Energy Efficiency North American Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling North American Energy Working Group NORTH AMERICAN ENERGY WORKING GROUP The North American Energy Working Group (NAEWG) was established in spring of 2001 by the Canadian Minister of Natural Resources, the Mexican Secretary of Energy and the U.S. Secretary of Energy, to enhance North American energy cooperation. The Group is led by officials from Natural Resources Canada, the Mexican Secretariat of Energy, and the U.S. Department of Energy. The goals of the NAEWG are to foster communication and cooperation among the governments and energy sectors of the three countries on energy-related matters of common interest, and to enhance North American energy trade and interconnections

140

Chapter 2 Conventional refining processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses conventional refining processes. Refining is a very elaborate operation by which crude oil is transformed into a series of products such as, gases, fuels, solvents, lube oils, etc. Crude oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons (HC) of different C/H ratio and molecular structures. The different classes of HC molecules comprise paraffins, olefins, cycles, aromatics, resins, asphaltenes, and other poly-unsaturated molecules. In addition to hydrocarbons, crude oils also contain some other compounds composed by other atoms (heteroatoms) than carbon and hydrogen. Those moieties consist of sulfur (S), nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), and heavy metals. Crudes are usually classified in terms of their specific gravity as very light, light, median, heavy, and extra heavy. An empirical set of units for the crude gravity, defined by the American Petroleum Institute (API), is currently used in oil industry. Their appearance varies from transparent liquids to black solids, going from light to heavy. Light oils have lower specific gravity and larger API gravity, while for heavy oils vice versa. Their composition also changes, and so the concentration of those heteroatomic compounds typically increases from light to heavy. The crude oils are also categorized in terms of their chemical composition, as for instance, sour crude oils, those presenting high acidity, paraffinic, naphthenic, and aromatic.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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141

BachelorofArts NativeAmericanStudies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.0 credit hours) with a grade point average of at least 2.00. Major Requirements (13 courses) _____ Native - North American Indian Art History and Theory _____ Native American Studies 2350 - North American Indian Indian History _____ Native American Studies 2550 - U.S. Indian History One of (Law and Politics

Seldin, Jonathan P.

142

FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT AMERICAN RECOVERY AND REINVESTMENT ACT NORTH FORK SKOKOMISH POWERHOUSE AT CUSHMAN NO. 2 DAM  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to add generating capacity on an in-stream flow release at Tacoma Power's Cushman hydroelectric project, Cushman No. 2 Dam, FERC Project P-460. The flow that is being used to generate additional electricity was being discharged from a valve at the base of the dam without recovery of the energy. A second objective to the project was to incorporate upstream fish passage by use of a fish collection structure attached to the draft tubes of the hydroelectric units. This will enable reintroduction of native anadromous fish above the dams which have blocked fish passage since the late 1920's. The project was funded in part by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act through the Department of Energy, Office of Energy, Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Wind and Water Power Program.

Fischer, Steve; Wilson, Matthew

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

143

Life Cycle Carbon Footprint of Re-Refined versus Base Oil That Is Not Re-Refined  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study showed that global warming potential was lower for all five re-refining techniques considered compared to the production of base oil in standard refineries. ... Safety-Kleen, the largest used oil re-refiner in North America, collects and re-refines used oil into approximately 100,000,000 gallons of base oil per year. ... Figure 4 presents the re-refined carbon footprint-based oil GHG emissions for re-refinery system yields of 50% (equivalent to two gallons of use over a gallon of base oil’s lifetime; 50% burden from virgin base oil input) to 100% (infinite re-refining; no burden from virgin base oil input). ...

Lisa N. Grice; Carolyn E. Nobel; Lin Longshore; Ramsay Huntley; Ashley L. DeVierno

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

144

Hirshfeld atom refinement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The new automated iterative Hirshfeld atom refinement method is explained and validated through comparison of structural models of Gly-L-Ala obtained from synchrotron X-ray and neutron diffraction data at 12, 50, 150 and 295 K. Structural parameters involving hydrogen atoms are determined with comparable precision from both experiments and agree mostly to within two combined standard uncertainties.

Capelli, S.C.

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

145

HISTORICAL AMERICAN ENGINEERING RECORD - IDAHO NATIONAL ENGINEERING AND ENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORY, TEST AREA NORTH, HAER NO. ID-33-E  

SciTech Connect

Test Area North (TAN) was a site of the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion (ANP) Project of the U.S. Air Force and the Atomic Energy Commission. Its Cold War mission was to develop a turbojet bomber propelled by nuclear power. The project was part of an arms race. Test activities took place in five areas at TAN. The Assembly & Maintenance area was a shop and hot cell complex. Nuclear tests ran at the Initial Engine Test area. Low-power test reactors operated at a third cluster. The fourth area was for Administration. A Flight Engine Test facility (hangar) was built to house the anticipated nuclear-powered aircraft. Experiments between 1955-1961 proved that a nuclear reactor could power a jet engine, but President John F. Kennedy canceled the project in March 1961. ANP facilities were adapted for new reactor projects, the most important of which were Loss of Fluid Tests (LOFT), part of an international safety program for commercial power reactors. Other projects included NASA's Systems for Nuclear Auxiliary Power and storage of Three Mile Island meltdown debris. National missions for TAN in reactor research and safety research have expired; demolition of historic TAN buildings is underway.

Susan Stacy; Hollie K. Gilbert

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Issues in adaptive mesh refinement  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present an approach for a patch-based adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) for multi-physics simulations. The approach consists of clustering, symmetry preserving, mesh continuity, flux correction, communications, and management of patches. Among the special features of this patch-based AMR are symmetry preserving, efficiency of refinement, special implementation offlux correction, and patch management in parallel computing environments. Here, higher efficiency of refinement means less unnecessarily refined cells for a given set of cells to be refined. To demonstrate the capability of the AMR framework, hydrodynamics simulations with many levels of refinement are shown in both two- and three-dimensions.

Dai, William Wenlong [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

BachelorofArts NativeAmericanStudies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.0 credit hours) with a grade point average of at least 2.00. Major Requirements (13 courses) _____ Native Indian Art History and Theory ___ Native American Studies 2350 - North American Indian Art Studio American Studies 2000 - Native American Philosophy ___ Native American Studies 2500 - Canadian Indian

Morris, Joy

148

Kenney: The USSOCOM Trinity The USSOCOM Trinity: Refining Special Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was that the American military would plan, train, and equip to conduct major combat operations on opposite sidesKenney: The USSOCOM Trinity 1 The USSOCOM Trinity: Refining Special Operations Commitment to 21st on the United States Special Operations Command and recommends means and methods to capitalize on current

149

Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Petroleum Refining Sector (NAICS 324110) Energy use data source: 2010...

150

Minimally refined biomass fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A minimally refined fluid composition, suitable as a fuel mixture and derived from biomass material, is comprised of one or more water-soluble carbohydrates such as sucrose, one or more alcohols having less than four carbons, and water. The carbohydrate provides the fuel source; water solubilizes the carbohydrates; and the alcohol aids in the combustion of the carbohydrate and reduces the vicosity of the carbohydrate/water solution. Because less energy is required to obtain the carbohydrate from the raw biomass than alcohol, an overall energy savings is realized compared to fuels employing alcohol as the primary fuel.

Pearson, Richard K. (Pleasanton, CA); Hirschfeld, Tomas B. (Livermore, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Weekly Refiner Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Net Production Refiner Net Production (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Product/Region 11/08/13 11/15/13 11/22/13 11/29/13 12/06/13 12/13/13 View History Finished Motor Gasoline 2,168 2,300 2,336 2,359 2,462 2,368 2010-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 54 53 52 67 71 67 2010-2013 Midwest (PADD 2) 696 745 722 711 798 790 2010-2013 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 891 916 1,010 1,053 1,011 1,021 2010-2013 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 260 248 245 232 279 235 2010-2013 West Coast (PADD 5) 268 338 308 296 302 255 2010-2013 Reformulated 50 49 49 49 48 49 2010-2013 Blended with Ethanol 50 49 49 49 48 49 2010-2013 Other

152

ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This energy bandwidth analysis provides a realistic estimate of the energy that may be saved in petroleum refining processes by quantifying measures of energy consumption.

153

ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Refining Processes Prepared by Energetics Incorporated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Industrial Technologies Program...

154

Refines Efficiency Improvement  

SciTech Connect

Refinery processes that convert heavy oils to lighter distillate fuels require heating for distillation, hydrogen addition or carbon rejection (coking). Efficiency is limited by the formation of insoluble carbon-rich coke deposits. Heat exchangers and other refinery units must be shut down for mechanical coke removal, resulting in a significant loss of output and revenue. When a residuum is heated above the temperature at which pyrolysis occurs (340 C, 650 F), there is typically an induction period before coke formation begins (Magaril and Aksenova 1968, Wiehe 1993). To avoid fouling, refiners often stop heating a residuum before coke formation begins, using arbitrary criteria. In many cases, this heating is stopped sooner than need be, resulting in less than maximum product yield. Western Research Institute (WRI) has developed innovative Coking Index concepts (patent pending) which can be used for process control by refiners to heat residua to the threshold, but not beyond the point at which coke formation begins when petroleum residua materials are heated at pyrolysis temperatures (Schabron et al. 2001). The development of this universal predictor solves a long standing problem in petroleum refining. These Coking Indexes have great potential value in improving the efficiency of distillation processes. The Coking Indexes were found to apply to residua in a universal manner, and the theoretical basis for the indexes has been established (Schabron et al. 2001a, 2001b, 2001c). For the first time, a few simple measurements indicates how close undesired coke formation is on the coke formation induction time line. The Coking Indexes can lead to new process controls that can improve refinery distillation efficiency by several percentage points. Petroleum residua consist of an ordered continuum of solvated polar materials usually referred to as asphaltenes dispersed in a lower polarity solvent phase held together by intermediate polarity materials usually referred to as resins. The Coking Indexes focus on the amount of these intermediate polarity species since coke formation begins when these are depleted. Currently the Coking Indexes are determined by either titration or solubility measurements which must be performed in a laboratory. In the current work, various spectral, microscopic, and thermal techniques possibly leading to on-line analysis were explored for measuring the Coking Indexes.

WRI

2002-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Refiner Wholesale Price ...........................  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices (cents per gallon) Prices (cents per gallon) Refiner Wholesale Price ........................... 297 299 302 275 289 290 288 262 275 289 280 257 293 282 276 Gasoline Regular Grade Retail Prices Including Taxes PADD 1 .................................................... 363 366 364 355 361 350 355 331 341 355 347 327 362 349 343 PADD 2 .................................................... 355 366 369 340 350 368 352 318 334 355 346 318 357 347 338 PADD 3 .................................................... 346 353 345 326 339 336 337 307 323 341 329 305 343 330 325 PADD 4 .................................................... 322 374 358 348 323 361 362 326 322 351 348 322 351 344 337 PADD 5 .................................................... 390 413 390 384 382 390 385 355 362 384 379 356 394 378 371 U.S. Average ........................................

156

Sensitivity of North American agriculture to ENSO-based climate scenarios and their socio-economic consequences: Modeling in an integrated assessment framework  

SciTech Connect

A group of Canadian, US and Mexican natural resource specialists, organized by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) under its North American Energy, Environment and Economy (NA3E) Program, has applied a simulation modeling approach to estimating the impact of ENSO-driven climatic variations on the productivity of major crops grown in the three countries. Methodological development is described and results of the simulations presented in this report. EPIC (the Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator) was the agro-ecosystem model selected-for this study. EPIC uses a daily time step to simulate crop growth and yield, water use, runoff and soil erosion among other variables. The model was applied to a set of so-called representative farms parameterized through a specially-assembled Geographic Information System (GIS) to reflect the soils, topography, crop management and weather typical of the regions represented. Fifty one representative farms were developed for Canada, 66 for the US and 23 for Mexico. El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) scenarios for the EPIC simulations were created using the historic record of sea-surface temperature (SST) prevailing in the eastern tropical Pacific for the period October 1--September 30. Each year between 1960 and 1989 was thus assigned to an ENSO category or state. The ENSO states were defined as El Nino (EN, SST warmer than the long-term mean), Strong El Nino (SEN, much warmer), El Viejo (EV, cooler) and Neutral (within {+-}0.5 C of the long-term mean). Monthly means of temperature and precipitation were then calculated at each farm for the period 1960--1989 and the differences (or anomalies) between the means in Neutral years and EN, SEN and EV years determined. The average monthly anomalies for each ENSO state were then used to create new monthly statistics for each farm and ENSO-state combination. The adjusted monthly statistics characteristic of each ENSO state were then used to drive a stochastic-weather simulator that provided 30 years of daily-weather data needed to run EPIC. Maps and tables of the climate anomalies by farm show climatic conditions that differ considerably by region, season and ENSO state.

Rosenberg, N.J.; Izaurralde, R.C.; Brown, R.A.; Sands, R.D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Legler, D. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States). Center for Ocean Atmosphere Prediction Studies; Srinivasan, R. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Blacklands Research Center; Tiscareno-Lopez, M.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Re-refining in India  

SciTech Connect

The Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehra Dun made available its know-how for re-refining used engine oil to about 30 entrepreneurs. Out of these only a handful are utilizing their process. However, there are about 30 members in Petroleum Re-Refiners Association of India. After the certification scheme, as announced by the Ministry of Petroleum, is completed, a true picture would emerge as to the actual number of re-refiners engaged in the proper re-refining of used engine oil. The total consumption of lubricants in India is 500,000 tons of which about 5 percent maximum comes to the recognized re-refining industry and the balance is either burnt or discarded. The Government of India has been encouraging in particular the Government undertakings to set up their own captive units for re-refining but these have not been so successful and the output of captive units is used for topping up purpose. With the establishment of a re-refined engine oil specification and registration of the re-refiners it is hoped that the Government will take a more positive step in encouraging the re-refining industry.

Bhargava, M.K.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

North Richmond: An American Story  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dump, it had few street lights, and its unpaved streetspublic services like street lights, which has contributed tothe nights are dark. Street lights are far apart. The glow

rogers, robert h

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Stochastically Generated North American Megadroughts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The importance of interannual to decadal sea surface temperature (SST) influences on drought in the United States is examined using a suite of simulations conducted with the T31x3 resolution version of the NCAR Community Earth System Model (CESM). ...

Samantha Stevenson; Axel Timmermann; Yoshimitsu Chikamoto; Sally Langford; Pedro DiNezio

160

North American ornithology in transition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...These tiny devices consist of a clock, light sensor and data logger. Attached to a...leg harness, the tag records ambient light levels. When researchers recapture the...including the Breeding Bird Survey, the Christmas Bird Count and numerous banding efforts...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Polish - American Heritage, Italian - American Heritage, German...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Polish - American Heritage, Italian - American Heritage, German - American Heritage Months Polish - American Heritage, Italian - American Heritage, German - American Heritage...

162

A field study evaluation of short-term refined Gaussian dispersion models  

SciTech Connect

A tracer study was conducted at the Duke Forest Site in Chapel Hill, North Carolina in January, 1995 to evaluate the ability of three short-term refined Gaussian dispersion models to predict the fate of volume source emissions under field study conditions. Study participants included the American Petroleum Institute (API), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the US Department of Energy (DOE), the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), and private consulting firms. The models evaluated were Industrial Source Complex--Short Term versions 2 and 3 (ISC2, ISC3) and the American Meteorological Society (AMS) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Regulatory Model Improvement Committee (AERMIC) model, AERMOD. All three models are based on the steady-state Gaussian plume dispersion equation, which predicts concentrations at downwind receptor locations when integrated over the distance between the source and receptor. Chemicals were released at known rates and measurements were taken at various points in the study field using Tedlar bag point sampling and open-path Fourier Transform infrared (OP-FTIR) monitoring. The study found that ISC and AERMOD underpredicted the measured concentrations for each dataset collected in the field study. ISC and AERMOD each underpredicted the OPFTIR dataset by a factor of approximately 1.6. ISC underpredicted the Tedlar{reg_sign} dataset by approximately 2.1, while AERMOD underpredicted by a factor of approximately 2.6. Regardless of source configuration or measurement technique used, under-prediction with respect to the measured concentration was consistently observed. This indicates that safety factors or other corrections may be necessary in predicting contaminant concentrations over the distances examined in this study, i.e., in the near field of less than 200 meters.

Piper, A.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

163

Energy Department Announces New Mapping Initiative to Advance North  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Mapping Initiative to Advance North New Mapping Initiative to Advance North American Carbon Storage Efforts Energy Department Announces New Mapping Initiative to Advance North American Carbon Storage Efforts May 1, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis First-ever North American Carbon Storage Atlas First-ever North American Carbon Storage Atlas PITTSBURGH -- Today, the Energy Department joined with partners from Canada and Mexico to release the first-ever atlas mapping the potential carbon dioxide storage capacity in North America. According to the newly released North American Carbon Storage Atlas (NACSA), there is at least 500 years of geologic storage for carbon dioxide emissions in North America. These areas could be used for storing carbon from industrial sources or power plants. Identifying and deploying ways to cleanly, safely and sustainably develop

164

Refinement in Object-Z and CSP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we explore the relationship between refinement in Object-Z and refinement in CSP. We prove with a simple counter-example ... , does not imply failures-divergences refinement in CSP. This contradicts...

Christie Bolton; Jim Davies

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Anomalies in the refinement of isoleucine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The side-chain torsion angles of isoleucines in X-ray protein structures are a function of resolution, secondary structure and refinement software. Detailing the standard torsion angles used in refinement software can improve protein structure refinement.

Berntsen, K.R.M.

2014-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

166

E-Print Network 3.0 - american sturgeon pioneers Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: american sturgeon pioneers Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Green Sturgeon General Questions & Answers North American green sturgeon Summary: Green...

167

E-Print Network 3.0 - american biotic interchange Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North... the Great American Interchange permitted the mixing of species between North and South America that formerly... the processes of biotic homogenization and biotic ......

168

Nucleic Acid Standards - Refinement Parameters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Refinement Parameters Refinement Parameters The DNA/RNA topology and parameter files for X-PLOR are shown below. These were tested with DNA structures and with protein-DNA complexes. X-PLOR topology file X-PLOR parameter files: X-PLOR parameter file For the refinement of high resolution structures (< 1.7 Angstroms) the parameter file with distinct bond distances and bond angles for both C2'-endo and C3'-endo conformations should be considered: X-PLOR parameter file for high resolution structures "New Parameters for the Refinement of Nucleic Acid Containing Structures." Gary Parkinson, Jaroslav Vojtechovsky, Lester Clowney, Axel Brunger*, and Helen M. Berman. (1996) Acta Cryst. D 52, 57-64 Rutgers University, Department of Chemistry, Piscataway, NJ 08855-0939; *The Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Departments of Molecular and

169

NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE The Northeast region of the U.S. is particularly vulnerable to gasoline...

170

Improving the accuracy of macromolecular structure refinement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and subsequent refinement is challenging at low resolution. We compared refinement methods using synchrotron diffraction data of photosystem I at 7.4 resolution, starting...

171

The 2004 Geothermal Map Of North America Explanation Of Resources...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in 1992 by the Geological Society of America (GSA). The American Association of Petroleum Geologist (AAPG) is publishing the 2004 Geothermal Map of North America (Blackwell...

172

DSm Vector Spaces of Refined Labels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this book the authors introduce the notion of DSm vector spaces of refined labels. They also realize the refined labels as a plane and a n-dimensional space. Further, using these refined labels, several algebraic structures are defined. Finally DSm semivector space or refined labels is described. Authors also propose some research problems.

Kandasamy, W B Vasantha

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

DSm Vector Spaces of Refined Labels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this book the authors introduce the notion of DSm vector spaces of refined labels. They also realize the refined labels as a plane and a n-dimensional space. Further, using these refined labels, several algebraic structures are defined. Finally DSm semivector space or refined labels is described. Authors also propose some research problems.

W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

174

Conformal refinement of unstructured quadrilateral meshes  

SciTech Connect

We present a multilevel adaptive refinement technique for unstructured quadrilateral meshes in which the mesh is kept conformal at all times. This means that the refined mesh, like the original, is formed of only quadrilateral elements that intersect strictly along edges or at vertices, i.e., vertices of one quadrilateral element do not lie in an edge of another quadrilateral. Elements are refined using templates based on 1:3 refinement of edges. We demonstrate that by careful design of the refinement and coarsening strategy, we can maintain high quality elements in the refined mesh. We demonstrate the method on a number of examples with dynamically changing refinement regions.

Garmella, Rao [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Electronic structure of superconductivity refined  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electronic structure of superconductivity refined Electronic structure of superconductivity refined Electronic structure of superconductivity refined A team of physicists propose a new model that expands on a little understood aspect of the electronic structure in high-temperature superconductors. July 10, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

176

Carbon Emissions: Petroleum Refining Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Petroleum Refining Industry Petroleum Refining Industry Carbon Emissions in the Petroleum Refining Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 2911) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 79.9 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 21.5% -- Nonfuel Emissions: 16.5 MMTC Total First Use of Energy: 6,263 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 28.9% Nonfuel Use of Energy Sources: 3,110 trillion Btu (49.7%) -- Naphthas and Other Oils: 1,328 trillion Btu -- Asphalt and Road Oil: 1,224 trillion Btu -- Lubricants: 416 trillion Btu Carbon Intensity: 12.75 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey", "Monthly Refinery Report" for 1994, and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998.

177

Used oil re-refining  

SciTech Connect

Used oils, especially used lubricating oils which are normally considered waste and are discarded or burned, are reclaimed for reuse by a re-refining procedure involving the steps of: heat soaking the used oil; distilling the heat soaked oil; passing the distillate through a guard bed of activated material; hydrotreating the guard bed treated distillate under standard hydrotreating conditions. If the used oil to be re-refined contains a quantity of water and/or fuel fraction which the practioner considers sufficiently large to be detrimental, the used oil may be subjected to a dewatering/defueling step prior to being heat soaked.

Reid, L. E.; Ryan, D. G.; Yao, K. C.

1985-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

178

Vacuum State/Refiner/Location  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vacuum Vacuum State/Refiner/Location Barrels per Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity Barrels per Operating Idle Operating Idle Downstream Charge Capacity Thermal Cracking Delayed Fluid Coking Visbreaking Other/Gas Calendar Day Stream Day Distillation Coking Oil Table 3. Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries by State as of January 1, 2013 (Barrels per Stream Day, Except Where Noted) ......................................................... Alabama 120,100 0 130,000 0 48,000 32,000 0 0 0 Goodway Refining LLC 4,100 0 5,000 0 0 0 0 0 0 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................

179

Association of American Geographers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE thirtieth annual meeting of the Association of American Geographers was held on December 26–28, at North-western University, Evanston, Illinois. In the three day session fifty ... six in urban geography. The remainder represented a diversity of subjects. The afternoon of December 26 was devoted to the general subject of “Conventionalizing Geographic Investigation and Presentation”. The ...

1934-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

180

Green Petroleum Refining - Mathematical Models for Optimizing Petroleum Refining Under Emission Constraints.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Petroleum refining processes provide the daily requirements of energy for the global market. Each refining process produces wastes that have the capacity to harm the… (more)

Ali Yusuf, Yusuf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

GRAIN REFINEMENT OF PERMANENT MOLD CAST COPPER BASE ALLOYS  

SciTech Connect

Grain refinement behavior of copper alloys cast in permanent molds was investigated. This is one of the least studied subjects in copper alloy castings. Grain refinement is not widely practiced for leaded copper alloys cast in sand molds. Aluminum bronzes and high strength yellow brasses, cast in sand and permanent molds, were usually fine grained due to the presence of more than 2% iron. Grain refinement of the most common permanent mold casting alloys, leaded yellow brass and its lead-free replacement EnviroBrass III, is not universally accepted due to the perceived problem of hard spots in finished castings and for the same reason these alloys contain very low amounts of iron. The yellow brasses and Cu-Si alloys are gaining popularity in North America due to their low lead content and amenability for permanent mold casting. These alloys are prone to hot tearing in permanent mold casting. Grain refinement is one of the solutions for reducing this problem. However, to use this technique it is necessary to understand the mechanism of grain refinement and other issues involved in the process. The following issues were studied during this three year project funded by the US Department of Energy and the copper casting industry: (1) Effect of alloying additions on the grain size of Cu-Zn alloys and their interaction with grain refiners; (2) Effect of two grain refining elements, boron and zirconium, on the grain size of four copper alloys, yellow brass, EnviroBrass II, silicon brass and silicon bronze and the duration of their effect (fading); (3) Prediction of grain refinement using cooling curve analysis and use of this method as an on-line quality control tool; (4) Hard spot formation in yellow brass and EnviroBrass due to grain refinement; (5) Corrosion resistance of the grain refined alloys; (6) Transfer the technology to permanent mold casting foundries; It was found that alloying elements such as tin and zinc do not change the grain size of Cu-Zn alloys. Aluminum promoted b phase formation and modified the grain structure from dendritic to equiaxed. Lead or bismuth reduces the size of grains, but not change the morphology of the structure in Cu-Zn alloys. The grain size of the Cu-Zn-alloy can be reduced from 3000 mm to 300 mm after the addition of aluminum and lead. Similar effects were observed in EnviroBrass III after the addition of aluminum and bismuth. Boron refined the structure of yellow brasses in the presence of iron. At least 50 ppm of iron and 3 ppm of boron are necessary to cause grain refinement in these alloys. Precipitation of iron from the melt is identified as the cause of grain refinement. Boron initiates the precipitation of iron which could not be explained at this time. On the other hand zirconium causes some reduction in grain size in all four alloys investigated. The critical limit for the zirconium was found to be around 100 ppm below which not much refinement could be observed. The mechanism of grain refinement in the presence of zirconium could not be explained. Grain refinement by boron and iron can remain over a long period of time, at least for 72 hours of holding or after remelting few times. It is necessary to have the iron and boron contents above the critical limits mentioned earlier. On the other hand, refinement by zirconium is lost quite rapidly, some times within one hour of holding, mostly due to the loss of zirconium, most probably by oxidation, from the melt. In all the cases it is possible to revive the refinement by adding more of the appropriate refining element. Cooling curve analysis (thermal analysis) can be used successfully to predict the grain refinement in yellow brasses. The precipitation of iron in the liquid metal causes the metal to solidify without undercooling. Absence of this reaction, as indicated by the time-temperature (t-T) and its first derivative (dt/dT) curves, proved to be an indicator of refinement. The viability of the technique as an on-line quality control tool was proved in two foundries. The method can also correctly predict the onset of fading. Th

M. SADAYAPPAN, J.P. THOMSON, M.ELBOUJDAINI, G. PING GU, M. SAHOO

2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

182

A design flow based on modular refinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a practical methodology based on modular refinement to design complex systems. The methodology relies on modules with latency-insensitive interfaces so that the refinements can change the timing contract of a ...

Dave, Nirav H.

183

Sharp Retrenchment, Modulated Refinement and Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

retrenchment is introduced and briefly justified informally, as a liberalisation of refinement. In sharp as a liberalisation of the notion of refinement, whose purpose was to enable more of the informal aspects of de

Banach, Richard

184

Entitlements exemptions for new refiners  

SciTech Connect

The practice of exempting start-up inventories from entitlement requirements for new refiners has been called into question by the Office of Hearings and Appeals and other responsible Departmental officials. ERA with the assistance of the Office of General Counsel considering resolving the matter through rulemaking; however, by October 26, 1979 no rulemaking had been published. Because of the absence of published standards for use in granting these entitlements to new refineries, undue reliance was placed on individual judgements that could result in inequities to applicants and increase the potential for fraud and abuse. Recommendations are given as follows: (1) if the program for granting entitlements exemptions to new refiners is continued, the Administrator, ERA should promptly take action to adopt an appropriate regulation to formalize the program by establishing standards and controls that will assure consistent and equitable application; in addition, files containing adjustments given to new refiners should be made complete to support benefits already allowed; and (2) whether the program is continued or discontinued, the General Counsel and the Administrator, ERA, should coordiate on how to evaluate the propriety of inventory adjustments previously granted to new refineries.

Not Available

1980-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

185

Reaping Energy Savings from Petroleum Refining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REAPING ENERGY SAVINGS FROM PETROLEUM REFINING Alan Deng, Project Manager, San Francisco, CA, Ron Cascone, Project Manager, White Plains, NY, Nexant, Inc. ABSTRACT The refining industry is one of the largest energy users in Pacific Gas.... Market barriers include lack of standards and perceptions of unproven reliability for new technologies in petroleum refining, lack of understanding of the refining process by energy efficiency professionals, lack of capital investment, high up...

Deng, A.; Cascone, R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Firing of pulverized solvent refined coal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An air-purged burner for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal is constructed and operated such that the solvent refined coal can be fired without the coking thereof on the burner components. The air-purged burner is designed for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal in a tangentially fired boiler.

Derbidge, T. Craig (Sunnyvale, CA); Mulholland, James A. (Chapel Hill, NC); Foster, Edward P. (Macungie, PA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- American Smelting and Refining...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

to File; Subject: Elimination Recommendation; May 6, 1987 CO.0-01-2 - AEC Letter; Johnson to Wimpfan; Subject: Purchase of ores from LeHigh Coal and Navigation Company from...

188

ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of Condition Assessment on Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of Condition Assessment on Energy Use: Selected Applications in Chemicals Processing and Petroleum Refining ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of...

189

ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy and Environmental Profile of the...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry (November 2007) ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry...

190

Solvent refined coal (SRC) process  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the progress of the Solvent Refined Coal (SRC) project by The Pittsburg and Midway Coal Mining Co. at the SRC Pilot Plant in Fort Lewis, Washington and the Gulf Science and Technology Company Process Development Unit (P-99) in Harmarville, Pennsylvania, for the Department of Energy during the month of October, 1980. The Fort Lewis Pilot Plant was shut down the entire month of October, 1980 for inspection and maintenance. PDU P-99 completed two runs during October investigating potential start-up modes for the Demonstration Plant.

Not Available

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Improving Conditions for Green Building Construction in North  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

green building a standard practice throughout North America. · In 2011, the CEC formed the TrilateralImproving Conditions for Green Building Construction in North America QUEST 2012 INTERNATIONAL Green Building Task Force, comprising North American leaders from the green building industry

192

A Fish from the Upper Cambrian of North America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...occur-rences ofAnatolepis in North America, Greenland...years ago) (1, 2). In 1976 and 1977...in Crook County, north-eastern Wyoming...specific gravity _ 2.9; specific gravity...Cambrian-Ordovician North American paleocontinent...vertebrates (1, 2, 19). JOHN E...

JOHN E. REPETSKI

1978-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

193

Petroleum Refining Energy Use in Relation to Fuel Products Made  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years crude oils available to refiners have required more energy to refine and refiners have adjusted their processes to obtain better energy efficiency. In addition, the shift to lead-free gasoline has led to refining adjustments...

White, J. R.; Marshall, J. F.; Shoemaker, G. L.; Smith, R. B.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Representations of finite groups The Alperin-McKay refinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Representations of finite groups The Alperin-McKay refinement The Isaacs-Navarro refinements The Mc-McKay refinement The Isaacs-Navarro refinements The basics Some history The McKay conjecture (for now) Let G groups The Alperin-McKay refinement The Isaacs-Navarro refinements The basics Some history The Mc

Cossey, James P.

195

Refining Bio-Oil alongside Petroleum  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

W.R. Grace and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are working to establish a bio-oil refining process that users existing petroleum refinery infrastructure.

196

Event:IETA Carbon Forum North America | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IETA Carbon Forum North America IETA Carbon Forum North America Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png IETA Carbon Forum North America: on 2012/10/01 "Carbon Forum North America -IETA's flagship North American event-will be one of the best opportunities of the year to network with the North American and global carbon markets, browse exhibits showcasing the work of leading companies, and learn what you need to know about this rapidly evolving space." Event Details Name IETA Carbon Forum North America Date 2012/10/01 Location District of Columbia Organizer International Emissions Trading Association Tags LEDS, training, CLEAN Website Event Website Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:IETA_Carbon_Forum_North_America&oldid=472

197

The optimal reverse logistics network for consumer batteries in North America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recycling of household consumer batteries is gaining legislative support throughout North America. The intent of this thesis document is to provide a broad overview of the current North American reverse logistics network ...

Rahman, Asgar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

The genus Solidago L. (Astereae, Asteraceae) in South America and related taxa in North America.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The goldenrod genus Solidago L. is one of the larger genera in the flowering plant family Asteraceae. The genus is primarily North American and was… (more)

Lopez Laphitz, Rita Maria

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Energy Department Announces New Mapping Initiative to Advance North  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Announces New Mapping Initiative to Advance North Energy Department Announces New Mapping Initiative to Advance North American Carbon Storage Efforts Energy Department Announces New Mapping Initiative to Advance North American Carbon Storage Efforts May 1, 2012 - 4:37pm Addthis PITTSBURGH - Today, the Energy Department joined with partners from Canada and Mexico to release the first-ever atlas mapping the potential carbon dioxide storage capacity in North America. According to the newly released North American Carbon Storage Atlas (NACSA), there is at least 500 years of geologic storage for carbon dioxide emissions in North America. These areas could be used for storing carbon from industrial sources or power plants. Identifying and deploying ways to cleanly, safely and sustainably develop America's fossil fuel resources, including coal, is

200

Microsoft PowerPoint - genealogy of major US refiners (00 to 09).ppt  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Major U.S. Refiners Of Major U.S. Refiners 2001 2004 2005 2006 2000 2002 Diamond Shamrock Ultramar j 6/01 12/01 9/97 12/96 Total North America Valero Salomon (Basis) Huntway Valero Valero Ultramar Diamond Shamrock (UDS) UDS 5/97 Notes, footnotes, and source notes are at the bottom of these figures. 2003 Clark Refining g 9/05 Valero Valero 3/98 Mapco Williams Williams Companies d 3/03 d Premcor h 1/89 4/00 12/98 BP America BP Amoco ARCO BP America SOHIO BP America b Sun Company Sunoco r 1/04 o El Paso 1/01 Pacific Refining (jv) Coastal Orion Valero 7/03 6/01 o El Paso 12/88 n 2007 2008 2009 BP-Husky Refining LLC (jv) Husky 7/07 i 4/08 c 10/98 l 8/94 q 9/89 p 12/88 a 7/94 e 12/98 f 6/00 m 9/00 k 5/04 g Holly 6/03 s 6/09 t 12/09 u Holly Genealogy Of Major U.S. Refiners (continued) 2001 2004 2005 2006 2000 2002 2003 2007 2008 2009 1/98 USX (Marathon) 10/98 y Ashland Marathon Lyondell

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Heavy oils (natural and refined)  

SciTech Connect

This section of the Petroleum and Coal review again contains discussions on the analysis of asphalts, bitumens, tars, and pitches as well as heavy natural and refined oils. The characterization of these heavy (high-boiling) materials impacts the way they are produced, their effect on the processing environment, and their suitability for various end products. The analysis of these heavy materials is becoming increasingly important as crude oil stocks get heavier and larger quantities of high-boiling materials are processed to derive clean lower boiling products. This review covers articles found in the literature in the last two years. This review will cover new or improved analytical procedures and applications to new sources of heavy oils. This review will be subdivided into individual separation or analytical techniques. Combined analytical techniques (e.g., GC-FT-IR) will be included under the technique most emphasized in the article. The review is categorized further by chromatographic techniques, spectroscopic techniques, thermal techniques, and miscellaneous. 71 refs.

Lintelmann, K.A. [Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, CO (United States)

1995-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

Clean Cities: North Dakota Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

North Dakota Clean Cities Coalition North Dakota Clean Cities Coalition The North Dakota Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. North Dakota Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Joey Roberson-Kitzman 701-223-5613 joey.roberson-kitzman@lungnd.org Ajaleigh Williams 204-986-7879 awilliams@winnipeg.ca Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinators Coord Joey Roberson-Kitzman Coord Coord Ajaleigh Williams Coord Photo of Joey Roberson-Kitzman Joey Roberson-Kitzman began serving as coordinator for North Dakota Clean Cities in 2011. Hosted by the American Lung Association in North Dakota (ALAND), Joey's responsibilities include educating motorists and fleets about the air quality and health benefits of using cleaner alternatives to

203

Re-refining enters a new era  

SciTech Connect

The author describes the current state of affairs in the re-refining industry. Re-refiners are companies that recycle used lubricating oil into high quality base oils and other petroleum products. The re-refining industry has experienced it's own unique problems, as well as some of those occurring in the rest of the petroleum industry. For these reasons, other solutions are forthcoming, resulting in a new era. The future will see existing plants retrofitted, shut down plants being reopened, expanded and modernized and in the long term, new grass roots ''mega'' plants will be constructed in strategic marketing territories.

Booth, G.T. III

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Firing of pulverized solvent refined coal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A burner for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal is constructed and operated such that the solvent refined coal can be fired successfully without any performance limitations and without the coking of the solvent refined coal on the burner components. The burner is provided with a tangential inlet of primary air and pulverized fuel, a vaned diffusion swirler for the mixture of primary air and fuel, a center water-cooled conical diffuser shielding the incoming fuel from the heat radiation from the flame and deflecting the primary air and fuel steam into the secondary air, and a watercooled annulus located between the primary air and secondary air flows.

Lennon, Dennis R. (Allentown, PA); Snedden, Richard B. (McKeesport, PA); Foster, Edward P. (Macungie, PA); Bellas, George T. (Library, PA)

1990-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

205

Alternative Regulation for North American Electric Utilities  

SciTech Connect

After a decade of favorable operating conditions, utilities find themselves faced with accelerating prices for key inputs and a growing need for new capacity. These pressures are likely to prompt increasingly frequent, and perhaps more contentious, rate cases. Steady progress in the development of alternative regulation provides hope that the utility industry will respond to these challenges much better than in 1975-85. (author)

Lowry, Mark Newton; Kaufmann, Lawrence

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

206

The North American Forest Sector Outlook Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to consumption patterns for wood products and bioenergy. Markets for wood products, which mainly are destined for packaging and miscellaneous uses will continue to enjoy strong global demand. Keywords Bioenergy, biomass, forest products, forest resources, future, GDP, globalization, import, increment, IPCC, markets

207

North American Technician Excellence Wayne Reedy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's largest non-profit certification organization for heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration/or Service certification in one or more SPECIALTY areas, including: Air Conditioning Air Distribution Heat and light HVACR commercial technicians in air conditioning, air distribution, heat pump, gas heating and oil

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

208

North American Wind Energy Academy 2015 Symposium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The NAWEA 2015 Symposium, which will be held 9-11 June 2015 at Virginia Tech in Blacksburg, VA, includes technical sessions, panel discussions, graduate student symposium, poster session,...

209

Number Suppletion in North American Indian Languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

been elimina ted from consideration. A total of 32 languages from 13 distinct genetic groupings were found to have suppletive verbs marking ergative plurality, i.e. the suppletive verb form cross-references the number of the subject of an intransitive... cry, die carry, put, stand throw sit go, run handle, put down lie, sit, fall, run stand lie, sit, float/glide carry, give, stand run/fly, put swim, turn, walk/go be locat- .arrive , be little die ed, lie, return sit,stand lie, sit falloff big, long...

Booker, Karen M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Valero Refining Company - NJ | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valero Refining Company - NJ Valero Refining Company - NJ Jump to: navigation, search Name Valero Refining Company - NJ Place New Jersey Utility Id 56325 Utility Location Yes Ownership R Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Industrial: $0.0652/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Valero_Refining_Company_-_NJ&oldid=411921" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases

212

Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith Software Verification Research Centre, University of Queensland, Australia smith@svrc.uq.edu.au Abstract. Two types of semantics have been given

Smith, Graeme

213

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1997...

214

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1996...

215

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1995...

216

Diameter-Refined Metallic Carbon Nanotubes as Optically Tunable...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diameter-Refined Metallic Carbon Nanotubes as Optically Tunable Transparent Conductors Home > Research > ANSER Research Highlights > Diameter-Refined Metallic Carbon Nanotubes as...

217

E-Print Network 3.0 - american monsoon region Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Variations of the Global Monsoon Precipitation in the Last Millennium: Results from ECHO-G Model Summary: monsoon and the Mexican-North American monsoon regions. However, the...

218

E-Print Network 3.0 - american summer monsoon Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Variations of the Global Monsoon Precipitation in the Last Millennium: Results from ECHO-G Model Summary: monsoon and the Mexican-North American monsoon regions. However, the...

219

E-Print Network 3.0 - american moth synempora Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A National Program to Manage the Gypsy Moth 15 Andrew M. Liebhold1 Summary: established alien populations: comparison of NorthAmerican gypsy moth colonies with invasion theory......

220

E-Print Network 3.0 - american ref-fuel waste-to-energy Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research and Technology Council (WTERT) Collection: Renewable Energy 50 Leaching of Dioxins from Municipal Waste Combustor Residues Summary: 12, 12th North American...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

E-Print Network 3.0 - american waste-to-energy conference Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research and Technology Council (WTERT) Collection: Renewable Energy 20 Leaching of Dioxins from Municipal Waste Combustor Residues Summary: 12, 12th North American...

222

Refining intensity, energy consumption, and pulp quality in two-stage chip refining  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on thermomechanical pulps produced in two pilot plant installations. Both installations were conventional two-stage systems in which the first stage was pressurized and the second was atmospheric. At a given specific energy, pulp quality was improved. Alternatively, for a given pulp quality, the energy consumption was reduced when refining in the first stage was carried out at a high refining intensity. High refining intensity was reached by operating the first stage either at a high rotational speed or low consistency. There were indications that these benefits could be enhanced if the second stage were operated at a low refining intensity.

Miles, K.B.; May, W.D.; Karnis, A. (Pulp and Paper Research Inst. of Canada, 570 St. John's Boulevard, Pointe Claire, Quebec H9R 3J9 (CA))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

North Dakota O  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- North Dakota O f f i c e o f t h e G o v e r n o r John Hoeven Governor February 27,2009 The Honorable Steven Chu Secretary US Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave SW Washington, D.C. 20585 Re: State Energy Program Assurances Dear Secretary Chu: As a condtion of receiving our State's share of the $3.1 bdhon fundmg for the State Energy Program (SEP) under the American Recovery and Renewal Act of 2009 (H.R. l)(ARR4), I am providmg the following assurances. I have written to our public u d t y commission and requested that they consider addtional actions to promote energy efficiency, consistent with the Federal statutory la'nghage coh&ed in h.R. 1 and their obhgations to maintain just and reasonable rates, wlde'protecting'the public. I havedso written to the State Legislature and requested that they

224

North Dakota Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Dakota Recovery Act State Memo North Dakota Recovery Act State Memo North Dakota Recovery Act State Memo North Dakota has substantial natural resources, including coal, natural gas, oil, wind, and hydroelectric power. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in North Dakota are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid to clean coal, wind, and carbon capture and storage. Through these investments, North Dakota's businesses, the University of North Dakota, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning North Dakota to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future.

225

North Dakota Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Dakota Recovery Act State Memo North Dakota Recovery Act State Memo North Dakota Recovery Act State Memo North Dakota has substantial natural resources, including coal, natural gas, oil, wind, and hydroelectric power. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in North Dakota are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid to clean coal, wind, and carbon capture and storage. Through these investments, North Dakota's businesses, the University of North Dakota, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning North Dakota to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future.

226

Green Petroleum Refining -Mathematical Models for Optimizing Petroleum Refining Under Emission Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Green Petroleum Refining - Mathematical Models for Optimizing Petroleum Refining Under Emission understand that my thesis may be made electronically available to the public. #12;iii Abstract Petroleum and treating options for petroleum refinery waste streams. The performance of the developed model

Anderson, Charles H.

227

Hydrotreating operations discussed at refining meeting  

SciTech Connect

At the most recent National Petroleum Refiners Association question and answer session on refining and petrochemical technology, refiners and a panel of experts exchanged experiences on hydrotreater operations. Topics addressed included reactor pressurization, scale basket removal, and the use of antifoulants in effluent exchangers. This article presents comments from the panelists on the following questions. (1) What is the industry practice used to speed up the pressurization of 2.25 Cr/1 Mo reactors during start-up? Is there any relationship between reactor skin temperature and pressure used? (2) Has anyone removed scale baskets from a hydrotreating reactor and compared operations before and after? If so, were there any noticeable differences? Why? (3) What is the industry experience with the use of antifoulants for hydrocracking or hydrotreating reactor effluent exchangers?

NONE

1995-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

228

Norwegian Silicon Refining AS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refining AS Refining AS Jump to: navigation, search Name Norwegian Silicon Refining AS Place Oslo, Norway Zip 214 Product Oslo-based company with an upgraded metallurgical silicon (UMG) production process called the Stubergh method. Coordinates 59.91228°, 10.74998° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":59.91228,"lon":10.74998,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

229

1995 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected 5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently by John Zyren, Charles Dale and Charles Riner Introduction The United States has completed its first summer driving season using reformulated gasoline (RFG). Motorists noticed price increases at the retail level, resulting from the increased cost to produce and deliver the product, as well as from the tight sup- ply/demand balance during the summer. This arti- cle focuses on the costs of producing RFG as experienced by different types of refiners and on how these refiners fared this past summer, given the prices for RFG at the refinery gate. RFG Regulatory Requirements The use of RFG is a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA). The CAAA cover a wide range of programs aimed at improving air qual-

230

Refinement of the crystal structure of hydroboracite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1978) ABSTRACT The crystal structure of caysichite was determined and refined to R=0.06, using 959 independentreflec-iions; the space group is CcmZy with a 13,27(L), b 13.91(1),c 9.73G)4,. The crystal chemical formula is Ye(CagREJ...

C. Sabelli; A. Stoppioni

231

Focus on Venezuelan heavy crude: refining margins  

SciTech Connect

Of six crudes refined in the US Gulf Coast, heavy Venezuelan crude Lagunillas (15/sup 0/ API) provides the best margin per barrel. Data for end of December 1983 and the first three weeks of January show that margins on all crudes are on the rise in this market, due to a turnaround in product prices. The lighter crudes are showing the greatest increase in Gross Product Worth. This is having a modest shrinking effect on the margin differential between light and heavy crudes in this market. The domestic crude West Texas Intermediate, at 40/sup 0/ API, provides the highest GPW in this crude slate sample, over US $31 per barrel, compared to GPW of under US $28 per barrel for Lagunillas. Still, as Lagunillas cost about US $8 less than does WTI, refiners with sufficient residue conversion capacity can be earning about US $3.50 more in margin per barrel than they can with WTI. Although few refiners would be using a 15/sup 0/ API crude exclusively for any length of time, heavier oil's inclusion in modern refiners' diets is enhancing their competitive position more than any other single factor. This issue of Energy Detente presents the fuel price/tax series and industrial fuel prices for January 1984 for countries of the Western Hemisphere.

Not Available

1984-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

232

Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications Alan M. Frisch1 , Brahim Hnich2 , Ian choose model transformations to reduce greatly the amount of effort that is required to solve a problem by systematic search. It is a consid- erable challenge to automate such transformations. A problem may be viewed

Walsh, Toby

233

North Carolina Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Carolina Recovery Act State Memo North Carolina Recovery Act State Memo North Carolina Recovery Act State Memo The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in North Carolina are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects from energy efficiency and the smart grid to solar power and biofuels. Through these investments, North Carolina's businesses, universities, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning North Carolina to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. North Carolina Recovery Act State Memo More Documents & Publications South Carolina Recovery Act State Memo Nevada Recovery Act State Memo

234

Using supercritical fluids to refine hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This is a method to reactively refine hydrocarbons, such as heavy oils with API gravities of less than 20.degree. and bitumen-like hydrocarbons with viscosities greater than 1000 cp at standard temperature and pressure using a selected fluid at supercritical conditions. The reaction portion of the method delivers lighter weight, more volatile hydrocarbons to an attached contacting device that operates in mixed subcritical or supercritical modes. This separates the reaction products into portions that are viable for use or sale without further conventional refining and hydro-processing techniques. This method produces valuable products with fewer processing steps, lower costs, increased worker safety due to less processing and handling, allow greater opportunity for new oil field development and subsequent positive economic impact, reduce related carbon dioxide, and wastes typical with conventional refineries.

Yarbro, Stephen Lee

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

235

Improve corrosion control in refining processes  

SciTech Connect

New guidelines show how to control corrosion and environmental cracking of process equipment when processing feedstocks containing sulfur and/or naphthenic acids. To be cost competitive refiners must be able to process crudes of opportunity. These feedstocks when processed under high temperatures and pressures and alkaline conditions can cause brittle cracks and blisters in susceptible steel-fabricated equipment. Even with advances in steel metallurgy, wet H{sub 2}S cracking continues to be a problem. New research data shows that process conditions such as temperature, pH and flowrate are key factors in the corrosion process. Before selecting equipment material, operators must understand the corrosion mechanisms present within process conditions. Several case histories investigate the corrosion reactions found when refining naphthenic crudes and operating amine gas-sweetening systems. These examples show how to use process controls, inhibitors and/or metallurgy to control corrosion and environmental cracking, to improve material selection and to extend equipment service life.

Kane, R.D.; Cayard, M.S. [CLI International, Houston, TX (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Parabolic refined invariants and Macdonald polynomials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A string theoretic derivation is given for the conjecture of Hausel, Letellier, and Rodriguez-Villegas on the cohomology of character varieties with marked points. Their formula is identified with a refined BPS expansion in the stable pair theory of a local root stack, generalizing previous work of the first two authors in collaboration with G. Pan. Haiman's geometric construction for Macdonald polynomials is shown to emerge naturally in this context via geometric engineering. In particular this yields a new conjectural relation between Macdonald polynomials and refined local orbifold curve counting invariants. The string theoretic approach also leads to a new spectral cover construction for parabolic Higgs bundles in terms of holomorphic symplectic orbifolds.

Chuang, Wu-yen; Donagi, Ron; Pantev, Tony

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Genealogy of major U.S. refiners - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

See full Genealogy of Major U.S. Refiners Previous Release Genealogy of Major U.S. Refiners Genealogy of Major U.S. Refiners Release date: September 18, 2013 figre 1. World energy consumption, 1990-2040. The structure of the U.S. petroleum refining industry has changed substantially over the past several years. In the diagram the companies shown on the right side are presently active in U.S. refining. The transactions over the past 25 years that created these companies also are shown. The transactions included here may be as little as a single refinery, or as much as all the refining assets of the parties to the transaction. Transactions that include less than all refining assets are indicated by vertical dotted lines while vertical solid lines indicate that all refining assets are included. Additionally,

238

Grain Refinement of Permanent Mold Cast Copper Base Alloys  

SciTech Connect

Grain refinement is a well established process for many cast and wrought alloys. The mechanical properties of various alloys could be enhanced by reducing the grain size. Refinement is also known to improve casting characteristics such as fluidity and hot tearing. Grain refinement of copper-base alloys is not widely used, especially in sand casting process. However, in permanent mold casting of copper alloys it is now common to use grain refinement to counteract the problem of severe hot tearing which also improves the pressure tightness of plumbing components. The mechanism of grain refinement in copper-base alloys is not well understood. The issues to be studied include the effect of minor alloy additions on the microstructure, their interaction with the grain refiner, effect of cooling rate, and loss of grain refinement (fading). In this investigation, efforts were made to explore and understand grain refinement of copper alloys, especially in permanent mold casting conditions.

M.Sadayappan; J.P.Thomson; M.Elboujdaini; G.Ping Gu; M. Sahoo

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Hardware/Software Co-Design via Specification Refinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The Rosetta refinement capability extends this by allowing a system's functional behavior and its implementation details to be described separately. The Rosetta Refinement Tool combines the functional behavior and the implementation details to form a system...

Peck, Wesley Graham

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

240

5.841 Crystal Structure Refinement, Fall 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course in crystal structure refinement examines the practical aspects of crystal structure determination from data collection strategies to data reduction and basic and advanced refinement problems of organic and ...

Mueller, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

5.067 Crystal Structure Refinement, Fall 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course in crystal structure refinement examines the practical aspects of crystal structure determination from data collection strategies to data reduction and basic and advanced refinement problems of organic and ...

Mueller, Peter

242

Verification of microarchitectural refinements in rule-based systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microarchitectural refinements are often required to meet performance, area, or timing constraints when designing complex digital systems. While refinements are often straightforward to implement, it is difficult to formally ...

Dave, Nirav H.

243

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows Ralf Hartmann, Joachim Held-oriented mesh refinement for single and multiple aerodynamic force coefficients as well as residual-based mesh refinement applied to various three-dimensional lam- inar and turbulent aerodynamic test cases defined

Hartmann, Ralf

244

Independent evolution of song structure and note structure in American wood warblers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...structure and note structure in American wood warblers Josh V. Buskirk Zoologishes Institut...example the songs of 51 North American wood warblers (Parulinae). I combined published...structure and note structure in American wood warblers JOSH VAN BUSKIRK oologishes Institut...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

U.S. Refiner Petroleum Product Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New England (PADD 1A) Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Delaware District of Columbia Maryland New Jersey New York Pennsylvania Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Florida Georgia North Carolina South Carolina Virginia West Virginia Midwest (PADD 2) Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma South Dakota Tennessee Wisconsin Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Alabama Arkansas Louisiana Mississippi New Mexico Texas Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Colorado Idaho Montana Utah Wyoming West Coast (PADD 5) Alaska Arizona California Hawaii Nevada Oregon Washington Period: Monthly Annual

246

Energy Efficient Appliance Sales Soar in North Carolina | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficient Appliance Sales Soar in North Carolina Energy Efficient Appliance Sales Soar in North Carolina Energy Efficient Appliance Sales Soar in North Carolina July 23, 2010 - 11:00am Addthis Joshua DeLung What does this mean for me? The program discounted 62,970 appliances. $8.8 million in Recovery Act funding spurred $64 million in retail sales. A total of $300 million in Recovery Act funding was allotted nationwide for appliance rebates. It took just eight days total for North Carolina retailers to rack up $64 million in sales of appliances under the $8.9 million American Recovery and Reinvestment Act investment through the state's Appliance Rebate Program. "In very real ways, this has stimulated our economy and moved money in North Carolina," said Seth Effron, communications director for the North

247

North Dakota State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North Dakota North Dakota State Regulations: North Dakota State of North Dakota The North Dakota Industrial Commission (NDIC), through its Oil and Gas Division (OGD), is the regulatory agency for oil and gas exploration and production activities in North Dakota. The North Dakota Department of Health (NDDH) Environmental Health Section (EHS) has the responsibility to safeguard the quality of North Dakota's air, land, and water resources. Contact North Dakota Industrial Commission Oil and Gas Division 600 East Boulevard Avenue, Dept. 405 Bismarck, ND 58505-0840 (701) 328-8020 (phone) (701) 328-8022 (fax) North Dakota Department of Health Environmental Health Section 1200 Missouri Avenue P.O. Box 5520 Bismarck, ND 58506-5520 (701) 328-5150 (phone) (701) 328-5200 (fax) Disposal Practices and Applicable Regulations

248

Shale Play Politics: The Intergovernmental Odyssey of American Shale Governance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most notably, this involves refinement of the practice of hydraulic fracturing (more commonly known as “fracking”) and the related maturation of horizontal drilling techniques. ... (16) Twenty-four states considered legislation in 2013 to either amend an existing tax or create a new one, with significant changes approved in Illinois, North Dakota, and Mississippi and more modest adjustments approved elsewhere. ...

Barry G. Rabe

2014-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

249

Armadillos exhibit less genetic polymorphism in North America than in South America: nuclear and mitochondrial data confirm founder effect in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Armadillos exhibit less genetic polymorphism in North America than in South America: nuclear compared between North and South American nine-banded armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus: Xenarthra a founder effect during colonization of North America. Occurrence of polymorphism in the D

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

250

Heavy Oil and Oil (Tar) Sands in North America: An Overview & Summary of Contributions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As conventional oil and gas reservoirs become depleted other unconventional energy sources have to be recovered and produced. Four of the major unconventional resources that are strategic for North American in...

Frances J. Hein

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Hydroclimate Variability and Change in the Prairie Pothole Region, the “Duck Factory” of North America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) of the northern Great Plains is a vital ecosystem responsible each year for producing 50%–80% of new recruits to the North American duck population. Climate variability and change can impact the hydrology and ...

Tristan Ballard; Richard Seager; Jason E. Smerdon; Benjamin I. Cook; Andrea J. Ray; Balaji Rajagopalan; Yochanan Kushnir; Jennifer Nakamura; Naomi Henderson

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

American Goldfinch  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

American Goldfinch American Goldfinch Name: Mary-Ellen Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I happened on an American Goldfinch in my yard last week who could not fly. I captured it and now have it living in a large box. I have been feeding it commericial wild finch seed, niger seed and some sunflower seed. I have also provided a small cup of fine sand and a dish of water. Am I missing anything in it's diet? I had hoped to find someone to take it and care for it until it could fly again but have been unsuccessful so I may end up caring for it. It's wing is not visibly injured, however it can only flutter. I have been caring for it for 6 days now and it appears OK. Have also provided it with a small perch (branch) which it seems to use most of the time. Any other suggestions?

253

American Samoa - Search - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

American Samoa American Samoa Profile American Samoa American Samoa Profile Territory Profile and Energy Estimates Change State/Territory Choose a U.S. State or Territory United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming U.S. Territories American Samoa Guam Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico US Virgin Islands Overview Data State Profiles Economy Reserves & Supply Imports & Exports Distribution & Marketing

254

Renewable Energy Project Refinement Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Project Refinement Webinar Renewable Energy Project Refinement Webinar Renewable Energy Project Refinement Webinar May 28, 2014 11:00AM MDT Attendees will become familiar with the three components of project refinement: project financing strategies, off-taker agreements, and vendor selection. Project refinement obstacles, particularly financing, can deter the deployment of renewable energy projects on tribal lands. Attendees will learn about the financial resources and ownership options available-including venture capital and innovative financing-that can help Tribes overcome longstanding barriers and attract higher levels of private investment. Finally, attendees will learn how project refinement can accelerate renewable energy development and, with it, tribal economic and community development. There is no cost to attend the webinar, but

255

A CSP Account of Event-B Refinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Event-B provides a flexible framework for stepwise system development via refinement. The framework supports steps for (a) refining events (one-by-one), (b) splitting events (one-by-many), and (c) introducing new events. In each of the steps events can moreover possibly be anticipated or convergent. All such steps are accompanied with precise proof obligations. Still, it remains unclear what the exact relationship - in terms of a behaviour-oriented semantics - between an Event-B machine and its refinement is. In this paper, we give a CSP account of Event-B refinement, with a treatment for the first time of splitting events and of anticipated events. To this end, we define a CSP semantics for Event-B and show how the different forms of Event-B refinement can be captured as CSP refinement.

Schneider, Steve; Wehrheim, Heike; 10.4204/EPTCS.55.9

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Refinement of synchroton spectral tip calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Refinements in the computing techniques were performed in the calculation of transition rates to the ground and first excited states in magnetic bremsstrahlung via the use of exact matrix elements. The above calculations were carried out to double precision on a UNIVAC 1108 computer as was the calculation of transition rates to the second excited state. Empirical formulas are given for the transition rates from arbitrary upper states to the ground state, first excited state, and the second excited state for arbitrary magnetic field strengths. In addition the relative probabilities of transitions from level three to the remaining three lower levels is investigated in detail in the vicinity of the quantum-mechanical critical field, and the spectral tip structure for an electron in state n?1 is viewed in this high-field regime.

D. White

1978-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policy Impacts Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/0,,contentMDK:2298 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/renewable-energy-financial-instrument Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Training & Education Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) aims to assist policy in identifying appropriate financial instruments to scale-up

258

New Process for Grain Refinement of Aluminum. Final Report  

SciTech Connect

A new method of grain refining aluminum involving in-situ formation of boride nuclei in molten aluminum just prior to casting has been developed in the subject DOE program over the last thirty months by a team consisting of JDC, Inc., Alcoa Technical Center, GRAS, Inc., Touchstone Labs, and GKS Engineering Services. The Manufacturing process to make boron trichloride for grain refining is much simpler than preparing conventional grain refiners, with attendant environmental, capital, and energy savings. The manufacture of boride grain refining nuclei using the fy-Gem process avoids clusters, salt and oxide inclusions that cause quality problems in aluminum today.

Dr. Joseph A. Megy

2000-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

259

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

260

ITP Petroleum Refining: Technology Roadmap for the Petroleum...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technology Roadmap for the Petroleum Industry ITP Petroleum Refining: Technology Roadmap for the Petroleum Industry petroleumroadmap.pdf More Documents & Publications ITP Aluminum:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

262

,"U.S. Total Refiner Petroleum Product Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

NUSDPG","EMAEPPRLPWGNUSDPG","EMAEPPRHPWGNUSDPG" "Date","U.S. Total Gasoline WholesaleResale Price by Refiners (Dollars per Gallon)","U.S. Aviation Gasoline Wholesale...

263

Table 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prices," source for backcast estimates prior to January 1983. 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices 36 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

264

Table 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prices," source for backcast estimates prior to January 1983. 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices 36 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

265

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

266

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

267

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

268

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 292 Energy Information...

269

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

270

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

271

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

272

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

273

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

274

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

275

Forestry Policies (North Dakota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

North Dakota forests are managed by the North Dakota State Forest Service. In 2010 the State issued its "Statewide Assessment of Forest Resources and Forest Resource Strategy", which includes...

276

Forestry Policies (North Carolina)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

North Carolina features almost 18 million acres of forested land within the state. The North Carolina Forest Service (http://ncforestservice.gov/) manages the State's forest lands, including those...

277

Dynamics of Transboundary Ground Water Management: Lessons from1 North America2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Society-Science in Transition. Water Resources Development and8 Management Series, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 167-196]9 101 Dynamics of Transboundary Ground Water Management: Lessons from1 North America2 Michael E Abstract11 Transboundary ground water management in the North American countries of Canada, the United

Kurapov, Alexander

278

Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol Fuel Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol Fuel Use Dylan B. Millet,*, Eric Apel, Daven K. Henze,§ Jason Hill, Julian D. Marshall, Hanwant B-Chem chemical transport model to constrain present-day North American ethanol sources, and gauge potential long

Mlllet, Dylan B.

279

American Journal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

American American Journal of Science JUNE 2007 GENERALIZATION OF GAS HYDRATE DISTRIBUTION AND SATURATION IN MARINE SEDIMENTS BY SCALING OF THERMODYNAMIC AND TRANSPORT PROCESSES GAURAV BHATNAGAR*, WALTER G. CHAPMAN*, GERALD R. DICKENS**, BRANDON DUGAN**, and GEORGE J. HIRASAKI* † ABSTRACT. Gas hydrates dominated by methane naturally occur in deep marine sediment along continental margins. These compounds form in pore space between the seafloor and a sub-bottom depth where appropriate stability conditions prevail. However, the amount and distribution of gas hydrate within this zone, and free gas below, can vary significantly at different locations. To understand this variability, we develop a one-dimensional numerical model that simulates the accumulation of gas hydrates in marine sediments due to upward and downward fluxes of methane over time. The model contains rigorous

280

11 California Petroleum Supply, Transportation, Refining and Marketing Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11 California Petroleum Supply, Transportation, Refining and Marketing Trends Chapter 2 CALIFORNIA PETROLEUM SUPPLY, TRANSPORTATION, REFINING AND MARKETING TRENDS INTRODUCTION California is an integral part of the world oil market as a world-scale petroleum consumer. Historically, about 50 percent of this petroleum

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

On Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Atmospheric Pollution Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Atmospheric Pollution Models Emil M. Constantinescu and Adrian Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005 #12;On Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Atmospheric Pollution Models 799 res- olution system for modeling regional air pollution based on the chemical transport model STEM

Sandu, Adrian

282

Refining Landscape Change Models through Outlier Analysis in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refining Landscape Change Models through Outlier Analysis in the Muskegon Watershed of Michigan significantly to the state economy, accounting for nearly 20% of its economic output (Michigan Land Use, 1965; Lee, 1973; Wegener, 1994), and model refinement/advancement, in large part due to advances

Walker, Robert T.

283

Refined BPS state counting from Nekrasov's formula and Macdonald functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been argued that the Nekrasov's partition function gives the generating function of refined BPS state counting in the compactification of M theory on local Calabi-Yau spaces. We show that a refined version of the topological vertex we proposed before (hep-th/0502061) is a building block of the Nekrasov's partition function with two equivariant parameters. Compared with another refined topological vertex by Iqbal-Kozcaz-Vafa (hep-th/0701156), our refined vertex is expressed entirely in terms of the specialization of the Macdonald symmetric functions which is related to the equivariant character of the Hilbert scheme of points on C^2. We provide diagrammatic rules for computing the partition function from the web diagrams appearing in geometric engineering of Yang-Mills theory with eight supercharges. Our refined vertex has a simple transformation law under the flop operation of the diagram, which suggests that homological invariants of the Hopf link are related to the Macdonald functions.

Hidetoshi Awata; Hiroaki Kanno

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

284

The response of mechanical and chemical pulps to refining  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on theoretical equations describing the flow of pulp in refiners were used to analyze the experimental results obtained in a series of pilot plant trials. Western red cedar and loblolly pine wood chips were refined in 1-3 stages at rotational speeds of 1200 and 1800 rpm to produce thermomechanical pulps (TMP). Also, sulfate semibleached and low-yield sulfite pulps were refined at low (5%), medium (12%), and high (25%) consistency. The results indicate that the number of refining stages did not affect mechanical pulp quality. At a given specific energy, increasing the rotational speed increased the specific energy per impact and decreased the total number of impacts, resulting in a faster rate of fines generation for mechanical pulps. For chemical pulps higher pulp consistency produced gentler refining and yielded a higher rate of freeness decrease.

Miles, K.B.; Karnis, A. (Pulp and Paper Research Inst. of Canada, 570 St. John's Rd., Pointe Claire, Quebec H9R 3J9 (CA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

North Carolina Capital Access Program (North Carolina)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The North Carolina Capital Access Program provides matching reserve funds for business loans that are beyond the traditional lending means of a lender’s usual standards. The average CAP loan is ...

286

Steel refining with an electrochemical cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for processing a metallic fluid containing iron oxide, container for a molten metal including an electrically conductive refractory disposed for contact with the molten metal which contains iron oxide, an electrolyte in the form of a basic slag on top of the molten metal, an electrode in the container in contact with the slag electrically separated from the refractory, and means for establishing a voltage across the refractory and the electrode to reduce iron oxide to iron at the surface of the refractory in contact with the iron oxide containing fluid. A process is disclosed for refining an iron product containing not more than about 10% by weight oxygen and not more than about 10% by weight sulfur, comprising providing an electrolyte of a slag containing one or more of calcium oxide, magnesium oxide, silica or alumina, providing a cathode of the iron product in contact with the electrolyte, providing an anode in contact with the electrolyte electrically separated from the cathode, and operating an electrochemical cell formed by the anode, the cathode and the electrolyte to separate oxygen or sulfur present in the iron product therefrom.

Blander, Milton (Palos Park, IL); Cook, Glenn M. (Naperville, IL)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

E-Print Network 3.0 - american bison bison Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

central North American bison. The results... and Fall of the Beringian Steppe Bison Beth Shapiro,1,2 Alexei J. Drummond,2 Andrew Rambaut,2 Michael C... history of bison throughout...

288

Changing System Interfaces Consistently: a New Refinement Strategy for CSP B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changing System Interfaces Consistently: a New Refinement Strategy for CSP B Steve Schneider refinement in the context of CSP B. Our motivation to include this notion of refinement within the CSP B to change the events of a CSP process and the B machines when refining a system. Notions of refinement based

Doran, Simon J.

289

Table 24. Refining Industry Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- Corrections to Tables 24 to 32 - Corrections to Tables 24 to 32 Table 24. Refining Industry Energy Consumption 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2002- 2025 Carbon Dioxide Emissions 4/ (million metric tons) 190.4 185.7 188.0 191.3 207.3 215.6 220.0 222.8 225.1 226.3 228.0 230.7 234.1 237.5 238.5 239.4 239.4 238.6 240.6 240.5 242.2 244.2 245.9 246.3 246.6 1.2% Table 25. Food Industry Energy Consumption 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2002- 2025 Carbon Dioxide Emissions 3/ (million metric tons) 87.8 89.4 87.5 87.8 89.2 90.2 90.9 91.4 92.2 93.5 94.5 95.7 96.7 97.7 98.6 99.6 100.8 101.9 102.9 104.1 105.4 107.0 108.7 110.3 112.1 1.0% Table 26. Paper Industry Energy Consumption 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

290

North Linear Accelerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North Linear Accelerator North Linear Accelerator Building Exterior Beam Enclosure Level Walk to the North Spreader North Recombiner Extras! North Linear Accelerator The North Linear Accelerator is one of the two long, straight sections of Jefferson Lab's accelerator. Electrons gain energy in this section by passing through acceleration cavities. There are 160 cavities in this straightaway, all lined up end to end. That's enough cavities to increase an electron's energy by 400 million volts each time it passes through this section. Electrons can pass though this section as many as five times! The cavities are powered by microwaves that travel down the skinny rectangular pipes from the service buildings above ground. Since the cavities won't work right unless they are kept very cold, they

291

Greensboro, North Carolina  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Location: Greensboro, North CarolinaSeed Funding: $5 millionTarget Building Types: Residential (single and multifamily) and commercialWebsite: www.greensboro-nc.gov/betterbuildings

292

Renaissance Zones (North Dakota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Renaissance Zones allow qualifying businesses and individuals to claim one or more tax incentives for purchasing, leasing, or making improvements to real property located in a North Dakota...

293

,"Weekly Refiner Net Production"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Net Production" Refiner Net Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Weekly Refiner Net Production",21,"Weekly","12/13/2013","6/4/2010" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_wprodr_s1_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_wprodr_s1_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 10:39:21 AM"

294

Studies of the refining of crude cottonseed oil and its solutions in commercial hexane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Different Concentrations of Caustic Soda................ 55 17. Refining of Diluted Cottonseed Oil-Hexane Fiscellas with 24? Re' Caustic Soda................................. 5^ Page LIST OF FIGURES (Continued) 18. Refining of FFOHR Cottonseed Oil.................................................... .65 21. Refining Cottonseed Oil Kiscellas with Ammonia Gas Followed by Caustic Re-refining......................... 67 22. Ammonium Hydroxide Refining of Cottonseed Oil-Hexane Kiscellas and Re-refining with 2.5$ of 20? Be' Caustic Soda...

Zeitoun, Mohamed Ali

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

295

Developing Refined Products Storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refined Products Storage in the Strategic Petroleum Refined Products Storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Developing Refined Products Storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve May 12, 2009 - 3:14pm Addthis Statement of David F. Johnson, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Petroleum Reserves before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate. Mr. Chairman and members of the Committee, I am pleased to be here today to discuss the issue of developing refined products storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. As you know, the SPR was established by Congress through passage of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act in 1975 in response to the Arab oil embargoes. The primary policy of the U.S. petroleum stockpiling program has been to store crude oil. The SPR has served to protect our Nation from crude oil supply interruptions for over three

296

Secretary Bodman Tours Refinery and Calls for More Domestic Refining  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tours Refinery and Calls for More Domestic Tours Refinery and Calls for More Domestic Refining Capacity Secretary Bodman Tours Refinery and Calls for More Domestic Refining Capacity May 18, 2006 - 10:43am Addthis Highlights President Bush's Four-Point Plan to Combat High Energy Prices PORT ARTHUR, TX - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today renewed the call for expanded oil refining capacity in the United States and discussed additional steps the Department of Energy (DOE) is taking to prepare for the upcoming hurricane season. Secretary Bodman made the statements after touring the Motiva Refinery in Port Arthur, Texas. "We need a more robust energy sector; and one way to do that is to strengthen and expand our domestic oil refining capacity. We're hopeful that Motiva will continue to work to expand their capacity to 600,000

297

,"U.S. Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Refiner...

298

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

133.6 - 276.4 See footnotes at end of table. 220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

299

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

201.3 - 453.3 See footnotes at end of table. 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

300

Wind Simulation Refinement: Some New Challenges for Particle Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present two new challenges related to the stochastic downscaling method (SDM) that we applied to wind simulation refinement in Bernardin et al. (Stoch....Particle in Cell methods. Then we turn to the uniform d...

C. Chauvin; F. Bernardin; M. Bossy…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

,"U.S. Total Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crude Oil" "Sourcekey","R00003","R12003","R13003" "Date","U.S. Crude Oil Composite Acquisition Cost by Refiners (Dollars per Barrel)","U.S. Crude Oil Domestic...

302

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows Ralf Hartmann1 and Paul Houston2 1 Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology DLR (German Aerospace Center) Lilienthalplatz 7

Hartmann, Ralf

303

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

S O N D 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 1995 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices and...

304

May 28 Webinar to Focus on Tribal Energy Project Refinement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Register for the Tribal Renewable Energy Project Refinement webinar, which will be held on Wednesday, May 28, 2014, from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Mountain time.

305

Efficient Parallel Refinement for Hierarchical Radiosity on a DSM computer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficient Parallel Refinement for Hierarchical Radiosity on a DSM computer François X. Sillion memory (DSM) parallel architecture. Our task definition is based on a very fine grain decompo- sition

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

306

LCA of a spent lube oil Re-refining process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although re-refining of spent lubricating oils (used oils) has been practiced with varying technical and commercial success for over the past 50 years, a sustainable processing technology has yet to become widely accepted. Poor on-stream efficiency, inconsistent product quality, and careless management of feedstock contaminants and byproducts have often resulted in widespread environmental problems and poor economics. Environmentally-conscious design of processes and products is increasingly viewed as an integral strategy in the sustainable development of new refining and chemical processes. Life cycle assessment is becoming the preferred methodology for comparing the environmental impacts of competing processes. A life cycle analyses of a promising new re-refining technology, the HyLubeTM process, has been undertaken to quantify the intrinsic benefits of HyLube re-refining over the current practice of recovering used oils for fuel value

Tom N. Kalnes; David R. Shonnard; Andreas Schuppel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The crisis in Kuwait and U. S. refiners' travail  

SciTech Connect

The August 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait on the part of Iraq has set in motion an accelerated domino affect in US fuels markets. The impact on US refiners has been generally negative, both in terms of margins and perceptions of same. This issue of Energy Detente (ED) updates a few directional indicators that affect refining margins and considers longer-term refining capacity requirements in the US. ED feels the invasion of Kuwait might force oil companies to allocate more talent, time, and financial resources to public affairs. This issue also contains the following: (1) The ED Refining Netback Data Series for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of Aug. 24, 1990; and (2) the ED Fuel Price/Tax Series for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere Aug. 1990 edition. 4 figs., 5 tabs.

Not Available

1990-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

308

CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF SOLVENT REFINED COAL TO LIQUID PRODUCTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I. Solvent Refined Coal II. Catalysts III. Purpose andSondreal, E.A. , "Viscosity of Coal Liquids - The Effect ofAnthraxylon - Kinetics of Coal Hydrogenation," Ind. and Eng.

Tanner, K.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,026.7 W W 234.5 161.7 - 396.3 See footnotes at end of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information...

310

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,222.4 W W 206.4 134.3 - 340.7 See footnotes at end of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information...

311

Polygons in Buildings and their Refined Side Lengths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1999. [Bro] K. Brown, Buildings, Springer, 1989. [BuBI] D.AMS, 2001. [D] M. Davis, Buildings are CAT(0), in “Geometryat Springerlink.com POLYGONS IN BUILDINGS AND THEIR REFINED

Kapovich, Michael; Leeb, Bernhard; Millson, John J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

American Capital Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Capital Energy American Capital Energy Name American Capital Energy Address 15 Tyngsboro Rd. Suite 4A Place North Chelmsford, Massachusetts Zip 01863 Sector Solar Product solar electric systems Phone number (866) 307-5370 Website http://www.americancapitalener Coordinates 42.640998°, -71.3857514° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.640998,"lon":-71.3857514,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

313

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells - Refining the Message Initiating a National Dialogue and Educational Agenda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells – Refining the Message Initiating aApril 1, 2005 Hydrogen and Fuel Cells – Refining the Messagethe communication problem. Hydrogen and fuel cells have now

Eggert, Anthony; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom; Ogden, Joan M; Sperling, Dan; Winston, Emily

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Former Corporation/Refiner Total Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Former Corporation/Refiner Former Corporation/Refiner Total Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (bbl/cd) New Corporation/Refiner Date of Sale Table 12. Refinery Sales During 2012 Antelope Refining LLC Garco Energy LLC 3/12 Douglas, WY 3,800 Delta Air Lines/Monroe Energy LLC ConocoPhillips Company 4/12 Trainer, PA 185,000 Phillips 66 Company ConocoPhillips Company 5/12 Belle Chasse, LA 252,000 Billings, MT 59,000 Ferndale, WA 101,000 Linden, NJ 238,000 Ponca City, OK 198,400 Rodeo, CA 120,200 Sweeny, TX 247,000 Westlake, LA 239,400 Wilmington, CA 139,000 Nustar Asphalt LLC (50% Nustar Energy LP and 50% Lindsay Goldberg LLC) Nustar Energy LP/Nustar Asphalt Refining LLC 9/12 Paulsboro, NJ 70,000 Savannah, GA 28,000 Carlyle Group/Philadelphia Energy Solutions Refining and Marketing LLC Sunoco Inc./Sunoco Inc. R&M

315

North Slope of Alaska  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govSitesNorth Slope of Alaska govSitesNorth Slope of Alaska NSA Related Links Facilities and Instruments Barrow Atqasuk ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts North Slope of Alaska Barrow: 71° 19' 23.73" N, 156° 36' 56.70" W Atqasuk: 70° 28' 19.11" N, 157° 24' 28.99" W The North Slope of Alaska (NSA) site is providing data about cloud and radiative processes at high latitudes. Centered at Barrow and extending to the south (to the vicinity of Atqasuk), west (to the vicinity of Wainwright), and east (towards Oliktok), the NSA site has become a focal point for atmospheric and ecological research activity on the North Slope. The principal instrumented facility was installed near Barrow in 1997,

316

Coevolution of continental ice cover and permafrost extent over the last glacial-interglacial cycle in North  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in North America Lev Tarasov1 and W. R. Peltier2 Received 14 August 2006; revised 20 March 2007; accepted both the most intense growth and recession phases. Citation: Tarasov, L., and W. R. Peltier (2007 of ice sheets across the North American continent [e.g., Tarasov and Peltier, 1999; Marshall et al., 2000

Peltier, W. Richard

317

Smithsonian American Art Museum 1 Smithsonian American Art Museum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smithsonian American Art Museum 1 Smithsonian American Art Museum INVENTORY OF AMERICAN PAINTINGS): ___________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ EXECUTION DATE (if approximate, precede with circa): _____________________________ MEDIA oil pastel for contributing information to the national Inventory of American Paintings. Address completed reports

Mathis, Wayne N.

318

Adaptive mesh refinement for shocks and material interfaces  

SciTech Connect

There are three kinds of adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) in structured meshes. Block-based AMR sometimes over refines meshes. Cell-based AMR treats cells cell by cell and thus loses the advantage of the nature of structured meshes. Patch-based AMR is intended to combine advantages of block- and cell-based AMR, i.e., the nature of structured meshes and sharp regions of refinement. But, patch-based AMR has its own difficulties. For example, patch-based AMR typically cannot preserve symmetries of physics problems. In this paper, we will present an approach for a patch-based AMR for hydrodynamics simulations. The approach consists of clustering, symmetry preserving, mesh continuity, flux correction, communications, management of patches, and load balance. The special features of this patch-based AMR include symmetry preserving, efficiency of refinement across shock fronts and material interfaces, special implementation of flux correction, and patch management in parallel computing environments. To demonstrate the capability of the AMR framework, we will show both two- and three-dimensional hydrodynamics simulations with many levels of refinement.

Dai, William Wenlong [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

North | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

North North Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 114, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses gigawatts, billion kilowatthours and quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into generating capacity, electricity generation and energy consumption. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA North Renewable Energy Generation Southwest Power Pool Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - Southwest Power Pool / North- Reference Case (xls, 118.8 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

320

Dam Safety (North Carolina)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

North Carolina Administrative Code Title 15A, Subchapter 2K lays out further regulations for the design, approval, construction, maintenance, and inspection of dams to ensure public safety and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

East North Central Pa  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

East East North Central Pa cif ic Contiguous Mountain West North Central West South Central Pacific Noncontiguous East South Central Sout h At lant ic Middle Atlantic New England 35. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers by Census Division, 1995-1996 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Table Census Division Residential Commercial 1995 1996 1995 1996 New England ........................................................... 9.06 9.03 6.78 6.96 Middle Atlantic ......................................................... 7.75 8.00 6.04 6.57 East North Central ................................................... 5.05 5.44 4.57 4.94 West North Central .................................................. 4.97 5.54 4.08 4.71 South Atlantic........................................................... 6.89 7.50 5.33 6.14 East South Central...................................................

322

Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Their Fate during Distillation/Hydrotreatment Re-Refining  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Their Fate during Distillation/Hydrotreatment Re-Refining ...

Dennis W. Brinkman; John R. Dickson

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: North Carolina | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March 31, 2010 March 31, 2010 CX-001560: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hydroelectric turbine at Water Treatment Plant American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Strategy Only CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 03/31/2010 Location(s): Greensboro, North Carolina Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office March 31, 2010 CX-001559: Categorical Exclusion Determination Charlotte Activity 14 - Bike Project - Wendover and Beal Street Intersection American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Strategy Only CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 03/31/2010 Location(s): Charlotte, North Carolina Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office March 31, 2010 CX-001558: Categorical Exclusion Determination

324

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Information Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recovery and Reinvestment Act Recovery and Reinvestment Act Information Services American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Information Services American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Information Services American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

325

Refining Crude Oil - Energy Explained, Your Guide To Understanding Energy -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil and Petroleum Products > Refining Crude Oil Oil and Petroleum Products > Refining Crude Oil Energy Explained - Home What Is Energy? Forms of Energy Sources of Energy Laws of Energy Units and Calculators Energy Conversion Calculators British Thermal Units (Btu) Degree-Days U.S. Energy Facts State and U.S. Territory Data Use of Energy In Industry For Transportation In Homes In Commercial Buildings Efficiency and Conservation Energy and the Environment Greenhouse Gases Effect on the Climate Where Emissions Come From Outlook for Future Emissions Recycling and Energy Nonrenewable Sources Oil and Petroleum Products Refining Crude Oil Where Our Oil Comes From Imports and Exports Offshore Oil and Gas Use of Oil Prices and Outlook Oil and the Environment Gasoline Where Our Gasoline Comes From Use of Gasoline Prices and Outlook

326

Integration Strategy of Gasification Technology:? A Gateway to Future Refining  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The historical evidence of the operation of a coal gasification plant goes as far back in time as 1878.1 The United State's first power plant based on coal gasification technology was installed in 1980.2 The concept of gasification has begun to attract much attention from the refining industry because of stringent environmental regulations on transportation fuel, slashing demands for fuel oils, and uncertainty in the availability of good crude oils. ... Therefore, it is a challenging task for refining industries to economically integrate gasification technology, and this is the major theme of the paper. ... Gasification is superior to many of the available power production and waste disposal technologies by addressing various issues together regarding environmental emissions, maintaining quality of refining products, and waste management. ...

Jhuma Sadhukhan; X. X. Zhu

2002-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

327

Understanding how the North American Monsoon creates an ozone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EPA NEI-05 + Mexico NEI · Biogenic emissions: MEGAN ­ online calculation based on T, PAR · Wildfire enhancement over southern US due to convective transport of O3 and its precursors coincident with lightning-produced NOx ­ The location of maximum O3 values is anywhere from northern Mexico to Florida #12;Previous work

328

Structural vulnerability of the North American power grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnitude of the August 2003 blackout affecting the United States has put the challenges of energy transmission and distribution into limelight. Despite all the interest and concerted effort, the complexity and interconnectivity of the electric infrastructure precluded us for a long time from understanding why certain events happened. In this paper we study the power grid from a network perspective and determine its ability to transfer power between generators and consumers when certain nodes are disrupted. We find that the power grid is robust to most perturbations, yet disturbances affecting key transmision substations greatly reduce its ability to function. We emphasize that the global properties of the underlying network must be understood as they greatly affect local behavior.

Réka Albert; István Albert; Gary L. Nakarado

2004-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

329

The fractionation and characterization of two North American lignites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assignments for the TMSI Reaction Page TI Product of the Gascoyne Bitumen LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE I, Extraction and Fractionation Scheme for the Page Gascoyne Lignite 24 2. X-Ray Diffractogram of the Low-Temperature Ash of the Demineralized Wilcox... the required data by inductively coupled argon plasma-atomic emissions spectrometry, which was essential in the completion of the thesis. Many thanks goes out to Ahmad Moini for performing the X-ray diffraction on the samples submitted. Finally, I wish...

Garcia Juan Manuel

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Technology Roadmap for Optical Communication — A North American Perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many things have changed since Optoelectronics Industry Development Association(OIDA) issued its first Roadmap Report on Optical Communication Technologies in 1993.[1] Major advances occurred in communication technologies

Arpad A. Bergh

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

North American Geology—Idaho and Wyoming1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of reconnaissances had been made by various observers in these regions since the days of Bonneville and Fremont, some of the earlier work of Hayden's Survey having been accomplished ... . To have conceived this broad and scientific scheme, and to have possessed the administrative power to secure and keep in working concert so large and able a body of observers ...

ARCHIBALD GEIKIE

1880-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

332

Diesel Engine Strategy & North American Market Challenges, Technology and Growth  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT).

333

North American Energy Ministers Take Further Action on Energy...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

their commitment to further aligning energy-efficiency standards on key consumer products, noting that recent collaborative efforts had resulted in the harmonization of...

334

North American Mobility Program Exchange Program with Memorial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering · Nautical Science · Certificates · Marine Diesel · Pre­Sea Deckhand #12; Studies Water and Soil Science Waste Management #12;Horticulture Gardens #12;Rock Garden #12;The Marine Institute is an Institute within a University #12;Marine Institute/Memorial University St John

Buehrer, R. Michael

335

NEMVP: North American energy measurement and verification protocol  

SciTech Connect

This measurement and verification protocol discusses procedures that,when implemented, allow buyers, sellers, and financiers of energy projects to quantify energy conservation measure performance and savings.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North American Specification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Liquid propane injection technology can offer the same power, torque, and environmental vehicle performance while reducing imports of foreign oil

337

Diesel Engine Strategy & North American Market Challenges, Technology...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Hydrogen Shift Reaction Electricity Heat Renewables (Solar, Wind, Hydro) Nuclear Energy Carrier Propulsion System Conversion Electrification Electrification Energy...

338

Science, technology, environment, and competitiveness in a North American context  

SciTech Connect

Most economic activities pollute. Environmental regulations should serve the public good by providing incentives to reduce pollution caused by economic activity. Economic incentives include pollution taxes, subsidies for pollution abatement, and tradeable permits or allowances to pollute. Because of the political unacceptability of taxes and permits, much regulation imposes command and control measures and provides less incentive to minimize pollution. Efficient incentives would encourage pollution abatement up to the point where the cost of abatement equals the social and private benefit from the improvements in the environment. While these costs and benefits are difficult to measure, many analysts contend that the way environmental laws have been formulated and implemented in the US leads to very inefficient pollution control. This inefficiency can contribute to a decline in economic competitiveness in the long run, although economic studies do not support the pollution haven'' hypothesis. Better analysis (foresight) of the cost of transboundary pollution, significant in the Great Lakes region and along the US- Mexico border, as well as in rivers that flow between countries, is needed to formulate more effective policies and avoid sorry hindsight. Also, application of communal experience, technologies, and methods applied to shared problems can avoid costly duplication of searches for the optimal pollution abatement measures. 14 refs.

Trocki, L.K.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Discovery in Elite North American Potato Germplasm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the representation of the potato transcriptome, we alignedPage 3 of 11 Table 2 Potato sequence and assembly statisticscultivars. Thus, we used the potato draft genome sequence

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Endemism and functional convergence across the North American soil mycobiome  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Earth system models that inform citizens and policy makers of ecosystem dynamics and energy exchange

Silver, Whendee

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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341

Bootstrapping a Sustainable North American PEM Fuel Cell Industry...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and fuel cell vehicles (Greene et al., 2008). The market for non-automotive PEM fuel cells, on the other hand, may be much closer to commercial viability (Stone, 2006)....

342

Regional North American gravity and magnetic anomaly correlations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......volcanic rocks of the Snake River Plain, Idaho...A. , 1964. Developments in Solid Earth...combined with lateral temperature perturbations are...regionally higher temperatures are associated...volcanic rocks of the Snake River Plain, Idaho...A., 1964. Developments in Solid Earth......

R. R. B. von Frese; W. J. Hinze; L. W. Braile

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Report...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

model of that generator. This workshop featured technical experts explaining the value of PMU data-based model valuation and presenting several examples of the model validation...

344

Ambit Energy American Airlines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACT Dallas Amazon Ambit Energy American Airlines American Eagle ARGO Armor Wealth Management Army Energy Future Holdings Enterprise Rent-A-Car FactSet Research Systems Fidelity Investments First

O'Toole, Alice J.

345

Buy American Program Guidance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Guidance on the Buy American provision as applied to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Projects funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Office of EERE Guidance effective December 17, 2009.

346

Chapter 1 - Refining Heavy Oil and Extra-heavy Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The definitions of heavy oil, extra-heavy oil, and tar sand bitumen are inadequate insofar as the definitions rely upon a single physical property to define a complex feedstock. This chapter presents viable options to the antiquated definitions of the heavy feedstocks (heavy oil, extra-heavy oil, and tar sand bitumen) as well as an introduction to the various aspects of heavy feedstock refining in order for the reader to place each feedstock in the correct context of properties, behavior, and refining needs.

James G. Speight

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Petroleum Refining Operations: Key Issues, Advances, and Opportunities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A typical petroleum industry supply chain is composed of an exploration phase at the wellhead, crude procurement and storage logistics, transportation to the refineries, refinery operations, and distribution and delivery of its products (Figure 1). ... This network is used to transport crude from wellhead to refinery for processing, to transport intermediates between multisite refining facilities, and to transport finished products from product storage tanks to distribution centers and finally to the customers. ... In common-carrier pipelines, however, several refineries located at different sites use the same trunk line for shipping refined petroleum products to downstream output terminals. ...

Nikisha K. Shah; Zukui Li; Marianthi G. Ierapetritou

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

348

National oil companies' presence to hike US refining competition  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that the downstream segment of the U.S. petroleum business is virtually certain to become more competitive because of the growing presence of national oil companies in the country's refining industry. That's a forecast by New York investment firm Kidder Peabody. It cites a plan by Mexico's Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) to form a joint venture with Shell Oil Co. covering Shell's 225,000 b/d Deer Park, Tex., refinery as the latest example of national oil companies' movement into U.S. refining.

Not Available

1992-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

349

"1. Walter Scott Energy Center","Coal","MidAmerican Energy Co",1660  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Iowa" Iowa" "1. Walter Scott Energy Center","Coal","MidAmerican Energy Co",1660 "2. George Neal North","Coal","MidAmerican Energy Co",957 "3. Louisa","Coal","MidAmerican Energy Co",746 "4. Ottumwa","Coal","Interstate Power and Light Co",696 "5. George Neal South","Coal","MidAmerican Energy Co",645 "6. Duane Arnold Energy Center","Nuclear","NextEra Energy Duane Arnold LLC",601 "7. Emery Station","Gas","Interstate Power and Light Co",518 "8. Greater Des Moines","Gas","MidAmerican Energy Co",496 "9. Pioneer Prairie Wind Farm","Other Renewables","Pioneer Prairie Wind Farm I, LLC",300

350

Department of Computing Stepwise Refinement in Event-B||CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Event-B||CSP Part 1: Safety Steve Schneider, Helen Treharne and Heike Wehrheim March 12th 2011 #12;Stepwise Refinement in Event-B CSP Part 1: Safety Steve Schneider1 Helen Treharne1 Heike Wehrheim2 1, 2011 Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 CSP 3 2.1 Notation

Doran, Simon J.

351

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Prices Figure J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1996 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No....

352

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Prices Figure J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1997 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No....

353

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Prices Figure J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1995 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No....

354

Delaunay Refinement for Piecewise Smooth Complexes Siu-Wing Cheng  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a Lipschitz-like property. A Delaunay refinement algo- rithm using the weighted Voronoi diagram is shown]. However, an algorithm that handles input as general as piecewise smooth complexes (PSC) is still lacking. There is a need in solid modeling to represent objects that are dimensionally or materially inhomogeneous [22

Cheng, Siu-Wing

355

Liver vasculature refinement with multiple 3D structuring element shapes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Delineating anatomical structures and other regions of interest is an important component of assisting and automating specific diagnostic, radiological, and surgical tasks. In this paper, a segmentation approach for liver region delineation is proposed, ... Keywords: 3D structuring element, Hysteresis thresholding, Mathematical morphology, Region growing, Texture analysis, Vessel tree refinement

Do-Yeon Kim

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W W 78.6 W 85.7 81.8 W 69.3 73.8 See footnotes at end of table. 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District and State 176 Energy Information...

357

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W 70.5 78.9 W 76.0 83.6 W 69.2 75.2 See footnotes at end of table. 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District and State 176 Energy Information...

358

TOPICAL PAPER Potential Synergies and Challenges in Refining Cellulosic Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TOPICAL PAPER Potential Synergies and Challenges in Refining Cellulosic Biomass to Fuels, Chemicals that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, enhance energy security, improve the economy, dispose of such products, and sugar costs are predicted to drop with plant size as a result of economies of scale

California at Riverside, University of

359

CE North America, LLC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CE North America, LLC CE North America, LLC (freezers) BEFORE THE. U.S. DEPAR'tMENT OJT ENERGY Washington, D.C. 20585 ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2013-SE-1429 COMPROMISE AGREEMENT The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE 1 » Office of the General Counsel, Office of Enforcement, initiated this action against CE North America, LLC ("CE" or "Respondent") pursuant to 10 C.F~9.122 by Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty. DOE alleged thatllll freezer basic model - , which Respondent imported and distributed in commerce in the United States as models CE64731 and PS72731, failed to meet the applicable standard for maxinrnm energy use. See 10 C.F.R. § 430.32(a). Respondent, on behalf of itself and any parent, subsidiary, division or other related entity, and DOE, by their authorized representatives, hereby enter into this

360

Secretary Chu's Remarks at a Batteries Announcement in North Carolina |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a Batteries Announcement in North a Batteries Announcement in North Carolina Secretary Chu's Remarks at a Batteries Announcement in North Carolina August 5, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis I want to thank President Toth and everyone here at Polypore's Celgard subsidiary for welcoming me today. It is always a pleasure to be with the innovators and entrepreneurs who are rebuilding this economy from the ground up. Your work here at Celgard not only powers our computers, cameras, and cars - it will power our future prosperity. Today in Indiana, President Obama made an exciting announcement. The President announced $2.4 billion in funding through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act for 48 advanced battery and electric vehicle projects. This is the single largest investment ever made in advanced battery

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361

American Reinvestment Recovery Act | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

American Reinvestment Recovery Act American Reinvestment Recovery Act Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Loan Program American Reinvestment Recovery Act More Documents &...

362

1366 Technologies Shines a Light on American Innovation | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

366 Technologies Shines a Light on American Innovation 366 Technologies Shines a Light on American Innovation 1366 Technologies Shines a Light on American Innovation December 3, 2010 - 7:09pm Addthis 1366 Technologies Shines a Light on American Innovation John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Earlier this year, we visited 1366 Technologies in North Lexington, Massachusetts to get an inside look at their innovative approach to solar manufacturing and document how a $4 million grant from the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), through the Recovery Act, was helping to make their ambitious goal of producing "solar at the cost of coal" a reality. A lot has happened since that time, with the company announcing plans to bring its novel wafer manufacturing process into production by 2012, thanks

363

One North Carolina Fund (North Carolina) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

One North Carolina Fund (North Carolina) One North Carolina Fund (North Carolina) One North Carolina Fund (North Carolina) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Grant Program Provider Department of Commerce The One North Carolina Fund, directed by the Commerce Finance Center, helps recruit and expand jobs in high-value industries deemed vital to the state. State appropriations replenish the Fund and local governments must provide a match to the company, either in cash, services, or in-kind contributions. Companies seeking to expand or relocate to the state can receive grant funding for the purchase or installation of equipment, facility repairs, or

364

2003 American Solar Challenge Official Starting Lineup  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

American Solar Challenge Official Starting Lineup American Solar Challenge Official Starting Lineup Starting Team Car # Time 9:00 Kansas State University 28 9:01 University of Minnesota 35 9:02 University of Missouri - Rolla 42 9:03 University of Missouri - Columbia 43 9:04 University of Toronto 11 9:05 University of Waterloo 24 9:06 North Dakota State University 22 9:07 Auburn University 7 9:08 CalSol 254 9:09 Principia College 32 9:10 Queen's University 100 9:11 Western Michigan University 786 9:12 Purdue University 314 9:13 University of Pennsylvania 76 9:14 Iowa State University 9 9:15 Texas A&M University 12 9:16 McGill University 66 9:17 University of Arizona 8 9:18 Stanford University 16 9:19 California Polytechnic State University - SLO 5

365

Atlantic Basin Refining Dynamics from U.S. Perspective  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

“This presentation focuses on the current refining situation in the Atlantic Basin, “This presentation focuses on the current refining situation in the Atlantic Basin, Page 1 including some discussion on how we got here, and on drivers that will influence the next 5 years. I will focus on three topics today that are critical to the petroleum product dynamics of Page 2 the Atlantic Basin over the next several years. The first is product demand growth - something that has been affected both by the recession and legislation. Next I will cover the supply situation for gasoline and distillates in the Atlantic Basin, since Europe and the U.S. are closely entwined in these markets. Last, we will visit the outlook for those drivers affecting profitability - an area of large uncertainty. I will begin today with a short discussion of important underlying long-term trends in U.S.

366

,"U.S. Sales for Resale, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for Refiner Gasoline Volumes" "Sourcekey","A103700001" "Date","U.S. Total Gasoline WholesaleResale Volume by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)" 30331,217871.4 30362,217946.8...

367

Development of miscella refining process for cottonseed oil-isopropyl alcohol system: laboratory-scale evaluations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A technologically feasible cottonseed oil-isopropyl alcohol (IPA) miscella refining process was developed to produce high quality cottonseed oil. Individual steps necessary to refine cottonseed oil-IPA miscella were determined and improved...

Chau, Chi-Fai

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The Extraction?Flocculation Re-refining Lubricating Oil Process Using Ternary Organic Solvents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Extraction?Flocculation Re-refining Lubricating Oil Process Using Ternary Organic Solvents ... Res., 1997, 36 (9), ... Waste lubricating oils may be re-refined with organic solvents that dissolve base oil and segregate the additives and solid particles. ...

J. P. Martins

1997-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

369

Life cycle and matrix analyses for re-refined Oil in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unstable market systems and consumer preferences for virgin oil have inhibited the development of waste oil re-refining in Japan. In this papery comparative life cycle inventories were developed for re-refining w...

Chie Nakaniwa; Thomas E. Graedel

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

On the limits of refinement-testing for model-checking CSP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Refinement-checking, as embodied in tools like FDR, PAT and ProB, is a popular approach for model-checking refinement-closed predicates of CSP processes. We consider the limits of this ... denotational predicate ...

Toby Murray

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

RFA-14-0001 - In the Matter of Commonwealth Oil Refining Company...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

RFA-14-0001 - In the Matter of Commonwealth Oil Refining Company, Inc.Commonwealth of Puerto Rico RFA-14-0001 - In the Matter of Commonwealth Oil Refining Company, Inc....

372

Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

6: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline from a Barrel of Oil Fact 676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline from a Barrel of...

373

REFINING AND END USE STUDY OF COAL LIQUIDS  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes all of the work conducted as part of the Refining and End Use Study of Coal Liquids. There were several distinct objectives set, as the study developed over time: (1) Demonstration of a Refinery Accepting Coal Liquids; (2) Emissions Screening of Indirect Diesel; (3) Biomass Gasification F-T Modeling; and (4) Updated Gas to Liquids (GTL) Baseline Design/Economic Study.

Unknown

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

The 2004 Geothermal Map Of North America Explanation Of Resources And  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The 2004 Geothermal Map Of North America Explanation Of Resources And The 2004 Geothermal Map Of North America Explanation Of Resources And Applications Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: The 2004 Geothermal Map Of North America Explanation Of Resources And Applications Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The first Geothermal Map of North America was published in 1992 by the Geological Society of America (GSA). The American Association of Petroleum Geologist (AAPG) is publishing the 2004 Geothermal Map of North America (Blackwell and Richards, 2004a). Southern Methodist University Geothermal Lab produced the map over the last three years in conjunction with numerous collaborators. New data and cartographic techniques allow for greater detail and new data layers to be added to the 2004map. Thus the

375

Evolutions in 3D numerical relativity using fixed mesh refinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of 3D numerical simulations using a finite difference code featuring fixed mesh refinement (FMR), in which a subset of the computational domain is refined in space and time. We apply this code to a series of test cases including a robust stability test, a nonlinear gauge wave and an excised Schwarzschild black hole in an evolving gauge. We find that the mesh refinement results are comparable in accuracy, stability and convergence to unigrid simulations with the same effective resolution. At the same time, the use of FMR reduces the computational resources needed to obtain a given accuracy. Particular care must be taken at the interfaces between coarse and fine grids to avoid a loss of convergence at higher resolutions, and we introduce the use of "buffer zones" as one resolution of this issue. We also introduce a new method for initial data generation, which enables higher-order interpolation in time even from the initial time slice. This FMR system, "Carpet", is a driver module in the freely available Cactus computational infrastructure, and is able to endow generic existing Cactus simulation modules ("thorns") with FMR with little or no extra effort.

Erik Schnetter; Scott H. Hawley; Ian Hawke

2004-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

376

A severe centennial-scale drought in mid-continental North America 4200 years ago  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in timing, duration and magnitude to that recorded in the central North American records. Some regions forcing or amplification of these spatial modes by variations in solar irradiance or volcanism. However are insufficient to estimate magnitude of changes in solar and volcanic forcing at this time. Further research

Booth, Robert K.

377

Stora Enso, North America  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stora Enso North America Stora Enso North America Corporate Headquarters: Wisconsin Rapids, WI Global Headquarters: Helsinki, Finland Proposed Facility Location: Wisconsin Rapids, WI Description: The project will construct and operate a thermal gasification and gas-to-liquids plant at Wisconsin Rapids Mill and produce liquid biofuels that will ultimately be converted into renewable diesel. CEO or Equivalent: Mark A. Suwyn, Chairman and CEO Participants: TRI; Syntroleum; DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory; and the Alabama Center for Paper and Bioresource Engineering at Auburn University Production: * 370 barrels per day (approximately under 5,500,000 gallons per year) of Fischer-Tropsch liquids Technology and Feedstocks: * 497 bone dry tons per day of woody biomass comprised of mill residues and

378

Refinement and verification of concurrent systems specified in ObjectZ and CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refinement and verification of concurrent systems specified in Object­Z and CSP Graeme Smith­Z and CSP. A common semantic basis for the two languages enables a unified method of refinement to be used, based upon CSP refinement. To enable state­based techniques to be used for the Object­Z components

Smith, Graeme

379

A Multi-Tiered Genetic Algorithm for Data Mining and Hypothesis Refinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The second stage of testing was on the ability to take results from a previous algorithm and perform refinement on the data model. Initially, Arcanum was used to refine its own data models. Of the six data models used for hypothesis refinement, Arcanum...

Taylor, Christopher M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

North American Journal of Aquaculture 64:228231, 2002 Copyright by the American Fisheries Society 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. E. MAUGHAN AND S. A. BONAR Arizona Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, U.S. Geological/s. A DC electric barrier and screened knife gate valves prevented fish from leaving the test section regulated water velocity with a 3.8-cm adjustable gate valve on the pump outlet. A 1.3-cm PVC pipe attached

Bonar, Scott A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

American Chemical Society Award Winners, Chicago, III.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

American Chemical Society Award Winners, Chicago, III. ... Copyright © 1970 American Chemical Society ...

1970-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

North Dakota Energy Conversion and Transmission Facility Siting Act (North  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dakota Energy Conversion and Transmission Facility Siting Act Dakota Energy Conversion and Transmission Facility Siting Act (North Dakota) North Dakota Energy Conversion and Transmission Facility Siting Act (North Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Line Extension Analysis

383

Cogeneration handbook for the petroleum refining industry. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

The decision of whether to cogenerate involves several considerations, including technical, economic, environmental, legal, and regulatory issues. Each of these issues is addressed separately in this handbook. In addition, a chapter is included on preparing a three-phase work statement, which is needed to guide the design of a cogeneration system. In addition, an annotated bibliography and a glossary of terminology are provided. Appendix A provides an energy-use profile of the petroleum refining industry. Appendices B through O provide specific information that will be called out in subsequent chapters.

Fassbender, L.L.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Moore, N.L.; Fassbender, A.G.; Eakin, D.E.; Gorges, H.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Nanosized molecular sieves as petroleum refining and petrochemical catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nanosized ZSM-5 was synthesized and used for straight run gasoline reforming. Nanosized ? was synthesized and used for the alkylation of benzene and ethylene in ethylbenzene production. Nanosized titanosilicate molecular sieve with a hollow structure (HTS) was synthesized and used for the oximation of cyclohexanone. Nanosized silicalite-1 was synthesized and used for the gas phase Beckmann rearrangement of cyclohexanone oxime in caprolactam production. Recent progress in the synthesis and application of nanosized ZSM-5, ?, TS-1, and silicalite-1 were reviewed. The catalyst lifetimes were prolonged when nanosized molecular sieves were used as petroleum refining and petrochemical catalysts.

Xuhong MU; Dianzhong WANG; Yongrui WANG; Min LIN; Shibiao CHENG; Xingtian SHU

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Air Quality Rules (North Carolina)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This is a comprehensive air quality rule for North Carolina that includes ambient air quality standards, emission control standards, monitoring and reporting requirements, and permitting procedures...

386

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp November 30, 2010 - 10:19am Addthis Red. Yellow. Green. What LED traffic signals don't say: Made in USA. That is changing. Dialight Corporation, an LED lighting manufacturer with U.S. corporate offices in Farmingdale, New Jersey, and a parent company based in the U.K., invested nearly $3 million into renovating their 75,000-square-foot production facility in Roxboro, North Carolina. With these improvements, Dialight's Roxboro plant is projected to scale up production by 400 percent. "Bringing manufacturing back to America is a win-win scenario," said Roy Burton, Dialight's Group Chief Executive. "We're helping the economy by creating new jobs, and at the same time we're finding it more

387

Process Refinements - Reporting of Public Use of Diesel Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Based on FHWA's reassessment of the reporting and attribution process and on the GAO study, several specific issues were identified. These issues were published in a Federal Register notice for public response.3 Sixteen States provided comments on the issues provided in the Federal Register. Two additional issues were also raised by commenters. The comments may be found at http://dmses.dot.gov; search for docket number FHWA-2000-7635. All of the issues are discussed below. Certain process refinements are required to address these issues; these changes are explained in the following sections. Based on FHWA's reassessment of the reporting and attribution process and on the GAO study, several specific issues were identified. These issues were published in a Federal Register notice for public response.3 Sixteen States provided comments on the issues provided in the Federal Register. Two additional issues were also raised by commenters. The comments may be found at http://dmses.dot.gov; search for docket number FHWA-2000-7635. All of the issues are discussed below. Certain process refinements are required to address these issues; these changes are explained in the following sections. Some of the issues concern the data reported by the States. Because of differences in State laws, States collect different types of data. Chapter 2 of A Guide to Reporting Highway Statistics4 provides instructions for completing Forms FHWA-551M and FHWA-556.

388

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: North Carolina | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 9, 2010 April 9, 2010 CX-001794: Categorical Exclusion Determination Commercial Renewable Energy Systems - Charlotte Mecklenburg School Solar Thermal CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 04/09/2010 Location(s): Cornelius, North Carolina Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory April 8, 2010 CX-001635: Categorical Exclusion Determination Solar American Institute Incubator - Semprius - Massively Parallel Microcell-Based Module Array CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): Durham, North Carolina Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office April 7, 2010 CX-001432: Categorical Exclusion Determination Commercial Renewable Energy Systems - Gaston County Solid Waste Biogas Project CX(s) Applied: B1.15, A9, A11, B5.1

389

Recent changes of weather patterns in North America  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this report are (1) to analyze the time related changes and variability in the property and frequency of air masses and the weather extremes over North America; and, (2) to determine to what degree the observed changes agree with the predictions based on climate models. Climate models predict a general increase of surface air temperature and drought over parts of the North American continent due to increased CO{sub 2} concentrations. Regional climate change results in part from the changed frequency of the atmospheric and oceanic circulation patterns and partly from the changed properties of the different air mass types. We plan to investigate the changing frequency and properties of the air mass types focusing on moisture dependent variables and comparing the findings with the results of numerical climate models.

Kukla, G.J.; Gavin, J.E.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Refining sweet sorghum to ethanol and sugar: economic trade-offs in the context of North China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

competitiveness while considerations such as perceived risk could impede applications. Ã? 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All, and a large fraction (about 30%) comes from politically volatile locations in the Persian Gulf. Furthermore and insure a perpetual energy supply. A large portion of petroleum is used for transporta- tion

California at Riverside, University of

391

The American Association  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of the American Association for the Advancement of Science was held at St. Louis on December 26, 1903, to January 1. The address delivered by the president of the association, ...

1904-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

392

The great American garage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How does one explore the suburban home? Go in through the garage, of course. Sales, bands, suicides, and business startups: The suburban garage is the most culturally flexible space in the entire American domestic environment. ...

Miller, B. Alex (Brian Alex), 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

American Samoa- Net Metering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA), a government-owned electric utility, is the only power provider in this U.S. territory of almost 70,000 people. ASPA's "Interconnection and Net Energy...

394

AEP Texas North Company - SMART Source Solar PV Rebate Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Company - SMART Source Solar PV Rebate Program North Company - SMART Source Solar PV Rebate Program AEP Texas North Company - SMART Source Solar PV Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate Residential: $15,000 Non-residential: $30,000 Program Info Start Date 08/01/2009 State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Residential: $1.50/watt DC Non-residential: $1.20/watt DC Provider Smart Source PV Program American Electric Power Texas North Company (AEP-TNC) offers rebates to customers that install photovoltaic (PV) systems on homes or other buildings. Customers of all rate classes (e.g., residential, commercial)

395

,"North Dakota Natural Gas Summary"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

N3050ND3","N3010ND3","N3020ND3","N3035ND3","NA1570SND3","N3045ND3" "Date","North Dakota Natural Gas Wellhead Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)","North Dakota Natural Gas...

396

1710 Sixth Avenue North  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Attorneys and Counselors Attorneys and Counselors 1710 Sixth Avenue North P.O. Box 306 (35201-0306) Birmingham, AL 35203 (205) 251-8100 (205) 226-8798 Fax www.balch.com Andrew W. Tunnell (205) 226-3439 (205) 488-5858 (direct fax) atunnell@balch.com January 31, 2012 By Electronic Submission Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE-20) U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Congestionstudy2012@hq.doe.gov Re: Re Preparation of the 2012 Transmission Congestion Study Comments of Southern Company Services, Inc. Southern Company Services, Inc. (-SCS‖), as agent for Alabama Power Company, Georgia Power Company, Gulf Power Company and Mississippi Power Company (collectively, -Southern Companies‖), appreciates this opportunity to provide these comments to the

397

Afterschool Alliance American College Marketing, LLC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Afterschool Alliance American College Marketing, LLC American Express PAC Match American Heart Lehigh Valley Dental Society MEPAC National Collegiate Inventors & Innovators Alliance New York Life

Napier, Terrence

398

Influence of Alloy and Solidification Parameters on Grain Refinement in Aluminum Weld Metal due to Inoculation  

SciTech Connect

The goals are: (1) Establish how much Ti/B grain refiner is need to completely refine aluminum weld metal for different alloys and different welding conditions; (2) Characterize how alloy composition and solidification parameters affect weld metal grain refinement; and (3) Apply relevant theory to understand observed behavior. Conclusions are: (1) additions of Ti/B grain refiner to weld metal in Alloys 1050, 5083, and 6082 resulted in significant grain refinement; (2) grain refinement was more effective in GTAW than LBW, resulting in finer grains at lower Ti content - reason is limited time available for equiaxed grain growth in LBW (inability to occlude columnar grain growth); (3) welding travel speed did not markedly affect grain size within GTAW and LBW clusters; and (4) application of Hunt CET analysis showed experimental G to be on the order of the critical G{sub CET}; G{sub CET} was consistently higher for GTAW than for LBW.

Schempp, Philipp [BAM, Germany; Tang, Z. [BIAS, Germany; Cross, Carl E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Seefeld, T. [BIAS, Germany; Pittner, A. [BAM, Germany; Rethmeier, M. [BAM, Germany

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

399

North Dakota/Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

North Dakota/Incentives North Dakota/Incentives < North Dakota Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Financial Incentive Programs for North Dakota 2 Rules, Regulations and Policies for North Dakota Download All Financial Incentives and Policies for North Dakota CSV (rows 1 - 72) Financial Incentive Programs for North Dakota Download Financial Incentives for North Dakota CSV (rows 1 - 23) Incentive Incentive Type Active Biodiesel Production Equipment Tax Credits (North Dakota) Corporate Tax Credit No Business Energy Efficiency Rebates (Offered by 5 Utilities) (North Dakota) Utility Rebate Program Yes Cass County Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy-Efficiency Loan Program (North Dakota) Utility Loan Program No Ethanol Production Incentive (North Dakota) Performance-Based Incentive No

400

North Carolina/Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

North Carolina/Incentives North Carolina/Incentives < North Carolina Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Financial Incentive Programs for North Carolina 2 Rules, Regulations and Policies for North Carolina Download All Financial Incentives and Policies for North Carolina CSV (rows 1 - 149) Financial Incentive Programs for North Carolina Download Financial Incentives for North Carolina CSV (rows 1 - 96) Incentive Incentive Type Active Active Solar Heating and Cooling Systems Exemption (North Carolina) Property Tax Incentive Yes Blue Ridge EMC - Residential Solar Water Heating Rebate Program (North Carolina) Utility Rebate Program No Blue Ridge Mountain EMC - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (North Carolina) Utility Rebate Program No Blue Ridge Mountain EMC - Residential Heat Pump Loan Program (North Carolina) Utility Loan Program No

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability 1995-2001  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report assesses the effects of pollution abatement requirements on the financial performance of U.S. petroleum refining and marketing operations during the 1995 to 2001 period. This study is a follow-up to the October 1997 publication entitled The Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability, that focused on the financial impacts of U.S. refining pollution abatement investment requirements in the 1988 to1995 period.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Linkages between the markets for crude oil and the markets for refined products  

SciTech Connect

To understand the crude oil price determination process it is necessary to extend the analysis beyond the markets for petroleum. Crude oil prices are determined in two closely related markets: the markets for crude oil and the markets for refined products. An econometric-linear programming model was developed to capture the linkages between the markets for crude oil and refined products. In the LP refiners maximize profits given crude oil supplies, refining capacities, and prices of refined products. The objective function is profit maximization net of crude oil prices. The shadow price on crude oil gives the netback price. Refined product prices are obtained from the econometric models. The model covers the free world divided in five regions. The model is used to analyze the impacts on the markets of policies that affect crude oil supplies, the demands for refined products, and the refining industry. For each scenario analyzed the demand for crude oil is derived from the equilibrium conditions in the markets for products. The demand curve is confronted with a supply curve which maximizes revenues providing an equilibrium solution for both crude oil and product markets. The model also captures crude oil price differentials by quality. The results show that the demands for crude oil are different across regions due to the structure of the refining industries and the characteristics of the demands for refined products. Changes in the demands for products have a larger impact on the markets than changes in the refining industry. Since markets for refined products and crude oil are interrelated they can't be analyzed individually if an accurate and complete assessment of a policy is to be made. Changes in only one product market in one region affect the other product markets and the prices of crude oil.

Didziulis, V.S.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

The West/African Americans/The Long Nineteenth Century UW-Madison, Department of History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The West/African Americans/The Long Nineteenth Century Jesse Gant UW-Madison, Department of History, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2006. Baptist, Edward E, and Stephanie M.H. Camp. New Studies, 2003. #12;_____. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

404

Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Environmental Regulations and Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations By Tancred C.M. Lidderdale Contents * Introduction * Motor Gasoline Summer Volatility (RVP) Regulations o Table 1. Summer Volatility Regulations for Motor Gasoline o Table 2. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Figure 1. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Table 3. Price Relationship Between Normal Butane and Motor Gasoline o Table 4. Market Price Premium for Low Vapor Pressure (RVP) Gasoline * Oxygenate Content of Motor Gasoline o Figure 2. Oxygenate Content of Motor Gasoline o Table 5. Oxygenated and Conventional Motor Gasoline Price Relationship o Table 6. Reformulated and Conventional Motor Gasoline Price Relationship o Figure 3. Price Differences Between RFG or MTBE and Conventional Gasoline

405

Curved mesh generation and mesh refinement using Lagrangian solid mechanics  

SciTech Connect

We propose a method for generating well-shaped curved unstructured meshes using a nonlinear elasticity analogy. The geometry of the domain to be meshed is represented as an elastic solid. The undeformed geometry is the initial mesh of linear triangular or tetrahedral elements. The external loading results from prescribing a boundary displacement to be that of the curved geometry, and the final configuration is determined by solving for the equilibrium configuration. The deformations are represented using piecewise polynomials within each element of the original mesh. When the mesh is sufficiently fine to resolve the solid deformation, this method guarantees non-intersecting elements even for highly distorted or anisotropic initial meshes. We describe the method and the solution procedures, and we show a number of examples of two and three dimensional simplex meshes with curved boundaries. We also demonstrate how to use the technique for local refinement of non-curved meshes in the presence of curved boundaries.

Persson, P.-O.; Peraire, J.

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

406

New extraction-based re-refining process saves money  

SciTech Connect

A novel re-refining process uses solvent extraction and distillation to process used oil at lower cost and much smaller volumes than existing technology will allow. Current technology typically requires minimum processing volumes of 40,000 gpd for economically viable operation. The new process, developed by Interline Resources Corp., Alpine, Utah, can operate economically on volumes as small as 5,000 gpd. The new process has eliminated the need for thin-film evaporators, as well as the very expensive hydrofinishing step. The elimination of this capital-intensive equipment is made possible by the patented Mellon Process. In this process, the water, additives, and solids are removed at ambient conditions, thus allowing the resulting oil to be handled in traditional distillation equipment. The paper describes the process, yields, costs, and operating experience of the commercial-scale re-refinery at Draper, Utah.

Not Available

1994-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

407

Global refining beyond the year 2000 - A European perspective  

SciTech Connect

A new French publication from Editions Technip contains a broad-based discussion on the economic and processing parameters that will shape the refinery of the future. Process experts from Institut Francais Du Petrole (IFP) have constructed a {open_quotes}road map{close_quotes} for refining and petrochemical flow schemes that should interest industry planners and decision makers throughout the world. The importance attributed to the characterization of crude oils and petroleum products is stressed. On a directional basis, the industry will see more emphasis on methodologies to improve existing conversion and separation processes. Buzzwords such as biorefining, refinery integrated information systems, petrochemical/refinery integration and many others will find a forum in future publications.

Gonzalez, R.G. [ed.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Table 3a. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Price in Constant Dollars" " constant dollars per barrel in ""dollar year"" specific to each...

409

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

410

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

411

Quantitative Methods for Strategic and Investment Planning in the Oil-Refining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by one refinery Refinery Opera*onal Planning - Simulate the Refining Scenarios Supply Chain Investments Planning - Test the refinery best scenarios

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

412

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1995 467 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

413

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1999 421 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

414

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive grid refinement Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of .004, the adaptive algorithm automatically generates 5 refined grids. One grid patch... and more elsewhere, would clearly be optimal. In this talk, we describe a method of...

415

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 401 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

416

Gout in African Americans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractPurpose African Americans have a substantially higher prevalence of risk factors for gout than Caucasians. The aim of the present study was to compare the risk for incident gout among African Americans and Caucasians. Methods Incidence rates of physician-diagnosed gout among 11,559 Caucasian men and 931 African American men aged 35 to 57 years and at high cardiovascular risk, observed for 7 years as a part of the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial, were analyzed. Cox regression models were used to account for potential confounding by age, body mass index, diuretic use, hypertension and diabetes status, aspirin and alcohol consumption, and kidney disease. Results At baseline, after accounting for risk factors, African Americans had a 14% lower prevalence of hyperuricemia than Caucasians. Incidence of gout increased with increasing prevalence of risk factors in both Caucasians and African Americans. Ethnic disparities in incidence rates were most apparent among those without other risk factors for gout. In separate Cox regression models, after accounting for risk factors, African American ethnicity was associated with a hazard ratio of 0.78 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66-0.93) for physician-diagnosed gout and 0.88 (95% CI, 0.85-0.90) for incident hyperuricemia. Significant interactions were observed; the association was the strongest (hazard ratio 0.47; 0.37-0.60). These associations were unaffected by addition of serum urate as a covariate or by using alternate case definitions for gout. Conclusions After accounting for the higher prevalence of risk factors, African American ethnicity is associated with a significantly lower risk for gout and hyperuricemia compared with Caucasian ethnicity.

Eswar Krishnan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Nuclear Power Plant Construction Support (North Carolina)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Language in the North Carolina Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard allows a utility to have incurred costs reviewed by the North Carolina Utilities Commission (NCUC)...

418

North Dakota/Geothermal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Power Plants in North Dakota No geothermal power plants listed. Add a geothermal energy generation facility. Geothermal Areas in North Dakota No areas listed....

419

Diesel Technology - Challenges & Opportunities for North America...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technology - Challenges & Opportunities for North America Diesel Technology - Challenges & Opportunities for North America Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006,...

420

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Information  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Carolina Carolina Information to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Information on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Information on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Information on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Information on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Information on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Information on AddThis.com... North Carolina Information This state page compiles information related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles in North Carolina and includes new incentives and laws, alternative fueling station locations, truck stop electrification sites,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

North Sea platforms revamped  

SciTech Connect

Many of the early North Sea platforms are reaching their end-of-field life. Most are still equipped with their original drilling package. In a few cases the package has either been removed or decommissioned. The early installations were designed for much simpler and less demanding wells than the horizontal, extended-reach or designer wells common today. Extended-reach wells now can be drilled realistically from ageing platforms, without incurring massive capital expenditure. This can be achieved using the existing drilling package to the limit of its capabilities and supplementing where necessary with relatively minor upgrades or the use of temporary equipment. Drilling even a few more wells from existing platforms not only prolongs field life, it enables any surplus processing capacity to be made available to develop near-field potential with extended-reach drilling (ERD) or by tying back subsea satellite wells, or for processing third-party fluids. The paper describes well design, surface equipment, mud pumps, shakers and solids control equipment, drill cuttings disposal systems, derrick and hoisting system, top drive and drillstring, downhole equipment, well planning, casing wear, logistics, rig preparations, and ERD vs. subsea tie-backs.

O'Hare, J.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2011 9, 2011 CX-005353: Categorical Exclusion Determination Commercial Industrial and Large Profit- Keller Cresent Chiller Replacement CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 03/09/2011 Location(s): Pineville, North Carolina Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory March 9, 2011 CX-005716: Categorical Exclusion Determination City Facilities CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 03/09/2011 Location(s): Lancaster, Ohio Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy March 9, 2011 CX-005452: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - GEN-X Energy Group, Incorporated CX(s) Applied: A9, B1.7, B5.1 Date: 03/09/2011 Location(s): Washington Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

423

AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION (ASA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION (ASA) AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION (ASA) MEETING OF THE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY STATISTICS WITH THE ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION (EIA) Washington, D.C. Friday, April 29, 2005 COMMITTEE MEMBERS: NICOLAS HENGARTNER, Chair Los Alamos National Laboratory MARK BERNSTEIN RAND Corporation CUTLER CLEVELAND Center for Energy and Environmental Studies JAE EDMONDS Pacific Northwest National Laboratory MOSHE FEDER Research Triangle Institute BARBARA FORSYTH Westat WALTER HILL St. Mary's College of Maryland NEHA KHANNA Binghamton University NAGARAJ K. NEERCHAL University of Maryland Baltimore County SUSAN M. SEREIKA University of Pittsburgh DARIUS SINGPURWALLA LECG RANDY R. SITTER Simon Fraser University ALSO PRESENT: MARGOT ANDERSON Energy Information Administration ALSO PRESENT (CONT'D):

424

Central American electrical interconnection  

SciTech Connect

A technical cooperation grant of $2.25 million, designed to strengthen the capacity of Central American countries to operate their regional interconnected electrical system, was announced by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). The grant, extended from the banks Fund for Special Operations, will help improve the capacity of the regions electric power companies to achieve economical, safe operation of the interconnected electric power systems. The funds will also be used to finance regional studies of the accords, procedures, regulations, and supervisory mechanisms for the system, as well as program development and data bases.

Not Available

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION + + + + + COMMITTEE ON ENERGY STATISTICS + + + + + FALL MEETING + + + + + FRIDAY OCTOBER 17, 2003 + + + + + The Committee met in Room 8E089 in the Forrestal Building, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C., at 8:30 a.m., Jay Breidt, Chair, presiding. PRESENT F. JAY BREIDT Chair NICOLAS HENGARTNER Vice Chair JOHNNY BLAIR Committee Member MARK BURTON Committee Member JAE EDMONDS Committee Member MOSHE FEDER Committee Member JAMES K. HAMMITT Committee Member NEHA KHANA Committee Member NAGARAJ K. NEERCHAL Committee Member

426

To appear in EPTCS. A CSP account of Event-B refinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To appear in EPTCS. A CSP account of Event-B refinement Steve Schneider Department of Computing a CSP account of Event-B refinement, with a treatment for the first time of splitting events and of anticipated events. To this end, we define a CSP seman- tics for Event-B and show how the different forms

Doran, Simon J.

427

FDR3 --A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FDR3 -- A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong, Alexandre.roscoe}@cs.ox.ac.uk Abstract. FDR3 is a complete rewrite of the CSP refinement checker FDR2, incorporating a significant number describe the new algorithm that FDR3 uses to construct its in- ternal representation of CSP processes

Oxford, University of

428

FDR3 --A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FDR3 -- A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong, Alexandre.roscoe}@cs.ox.ac.uk Abstract. FDR3 is a complete rewrite of the CSP refinement checker FDR2, incorporating a significant number describe the new algorithm that FDR3 uses to construct its internal representation of CSP processes

Oxford, University of

429

Ego-Motion Estimation and 3D Model Refinement in Scenes with Varying Illumination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-motion and refining and updating a coarse depth map using surface parallax and a generalized dynamic im- age (GDI (DEM), we first estimate the ego-motion by combining a global ego-motion constraint and a local GDI field and the GDI model parameters locally and use them to refine the depth map estimates. We use

Agrawal, Amit

430

Effects of wastewater from an oil-sand-refining operation on survival, hematology, gill histology,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of wastewater from an oil-sand-refining operation on survival, hematology, gill histology the effects of various types of wastewater produced in oil-sand-refining on the survival, hematology, gill. In con- trast, all fish did not survive a 28-day period in any of the wastewaters tested and, in some

Farrell, Anthony P.

431

Aspects of Western Refining, Inc.'s Proposed Acquisition of Giant Industries, Inc.  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Presentation of company-level, non-proprietary data and relevant aggregate data for U.S. refinery capacity and gasoline marketing of Western Refining and Giant Industries to inform discussions of Western Refining Inc.'s proposed acquisition of Giant Industries Inc. for a total of $1.5 billion, which was announced August 28, 2006.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Refiner options for converting and utilizing heavy fuel oil  

SciTech Connect

Ongoing advances in established technologies, together with recent commercial applications of residue fluid catalytic cracking (RFCC), automated residue demetallization, solvent deasphalting and gasification of pitch and coke, have markedly enhanced options for processing and economically using residues. Key long-term driving forces for processing strategies are: the need for flexibility to handle heavy, high-metals crude oils, and the economic benefit of being able to convert low-value residues to high-value light transportation fuels, hydrogen and electric power. Narrowing light/heavy crude oil price differentials and relatively low crude oil price levels since the early 1990s until the first quarter of 1996 have slowed the addition of new bottom-of-the-barrel conversion projects over the past two years. At the same time, world crude oil demand has increased at an annual average rate of nearly one million barrels/day (MMbpd) since 1985. Some major producer/refining companies forecast this rate of increase to continue well into the next decade. The inevitable net result will be the increased production of heavier crude oils. The authors project that this will be accompanied by flat or declining markets for heavy fuel oil and a resultant need for additional residue conversion/utilization capacity. The paper discusses technology application and status, economic observations, and technology outlook.

Dickenson, R.L.; Biasca, F.E.; Schulman, B.L.; Johnson, H.E. [SFA Pacific, Inc., Mountain View, CA (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

The First Americans  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Americans Americans Nature Bulletin No. 360-A November 29, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE FIRST AMERICANS When the Norsemen and then Columbus "discovered" America they found people here -- people with bronze skins and straight black hair. Because he thought he had sailed across the world and found a sea passage to India. Columbus called these people "Indios". He was wrong but we still call them Indians. It is now generally accepted by scientists that the first humans arrived on this American continent some thirty or forty thousand years ago. It is believed that they came from Asia, across what we call Bering Strait. The distance from the islands at the westernmost tip of Alaska to the easternmost tip of Siberia is only 59 miles. In clear weather you can see from land to land. In ancient times there may have been a bridge of solid ice between the two shores, or there might have been an actual land connection between the two continents. But even if there were a 5-mile gap of water it could have been crossed in primitive canoes by hungry people hunting for game. Hunger has been the mainspring of civilization.

434

Investigation of the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent variability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigation of the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent to investigate the temporal and spatial variability of the North Brazil Current (NBC) retroflection and the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent variability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L

435

MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Municipal Solid-State Lighting Grant  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Municipal Solid-State Lighting Grant MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Municipal Solid-State Lighting Grant Program (Iowa) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Summary Last modified on November 9, 2012. Financial Incentive Program Place Iowa Additional Place applies to MidAmerican Energy Name MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Municipal Solid-State Lighting Grant Program Incentive Type Utility Grant Program Applicable Sector Local Government Eligible Technologies Lighting, Lighting Controls/Sensors, Induction Lighitng, LED Lighting Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector Utility Energy Category Energy Efficiency Incentive Programs Amount Up to $5,000 Equipment Requirements Fixtures must have an efficiency rating equal to or greater than 66 lumens per watt as tested under Illuminating Engineering Society of North America LM-79-08 testing to qualify for a grant.

436

VEE-0001 - In the Matter of Central American Petroleum Company | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 - In the Matter of Central American Petroleum Company 1 - In the Matter of Central American Petroleum Company VEE-0001 - In the Matter of Central American Petroleum Company On October 4, 1994, Central American Petroleum Company (Central) of Cameron, Missouri, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its Application, Central requests that it be relieved of the requirement that it file the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) form entitled "Resellers'/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report" (Form EIA-782B). As explained below, we have determined that the Application for Exception should be denied. vee0001.pdf More Documents & Publications VEE-0067 - In the Matter of M.L. Halle Oil Service, Inc. VEE-0081 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc.

437

Developing Mode-Rich Satellite Software by Refinement in Event B Alexei Iliasov, Elena Troubitsyna, Linas Laibinis, Alexander Romanovsky, Kimmo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an intricate mode-transition scheme. We show that re refinement in Event-B provides the engineers an intricate mode-transition scheme. We show that re refinement in Event-B provides the engineers

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

438

Highland North | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Highland North Highland North Facility Highland North Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner EverPower Developer EverPower Energy Purchaser Merchant Location Sidman PA Coordinates 40.31669182°, -78.66893291° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.31669182,"lon":-78.66893291,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

439

,"U.S. Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_c_nus_eppv_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_c_nus_eppv_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

440

,"Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_a_eppv_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_a_eppv_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

,"U.S. Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes" Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Products for Refiner Gasoline Volumes",1,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 2","by Grade",3,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 3","by Formulation",3,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls"

442

Influence of Aluminum Content on Grain Refinement and Strength of AZ31 Magnesium GTA Weld Metal  

SciTech Connect

The goal is to characterize the effect of Al content on AZ31 weld metal, the grain size and strength, and examine role of Al on grain refinement. The approach is to systematically vary the aluminum content of AZ31 weld metal, Measure average grain size in weld metal, and Measure cross-weld tensile properties and hardness. Conclusions are that: (1) increased Al content in AZ31 weld metal results in grain refinement Reason: higher undercooling during solidification; (2) weld metal grain refinement resulted in increased strength & hardness Reason: grain boundary strengthening; and (3) weld metal strength can be raised to wrought base metal levels.

Babu, N. Kishore [Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology; Cross, Carl E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

443

On Some Computations of Higher Rank Refined Donaldson-Thomas Invariants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present some computations of higher rank refined Donaldson-Thomas invariants on local curve geometries, corresponding to local D6-D2-D0 or D4-D2-D0 configurations. A refined wall-crossing formula for invariants with higher D6 or D4 ranks is derived and verified to agree with the existing formulas under the unrefined limit. Using the formula, refined invariants on the $(-1,-1)$ and $(-2,0)$ local rational curve with higher D6 or D4 ranks are computed.

Wu-yen Chuang; Chien-Hsun Wang

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

444

,"U.S. Residual Fuel Oil Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Sales Volumes" Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Residual Fuel Oil Refiner Sales Volumes",2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refres_c_nus_eppr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refres_c_nus_eppr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

445

,"U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Sales Volumes" Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

446

Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in Manufacturing Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in Manufacturing August 16, 2012 - 9:20am Addthis Saving Energy and Resources 1 of 4 Saving Energy and Resources Thanks to additive manufacturing technology, Oak Ridge National Laboratory was able to fabricate a robotic hand with less energy use and material waste. The novel, lightweight, low-cost fluid powered hand was selected for a 2012 R&D 100 award. | Photo courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Partnering with Industry 2 of 4 Partnering with Industry The Energy Department's Manufacturing Demonstration Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory includes an array of state-of-the-art additive manufacturing capabilities, allowing researchers and industry to develop

447

Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in Manufacturing Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in Manufacturing August 16, 2012 - 9:20am Addthis Saving Energy and Resources 1 of 4 Saving Energy and Resources Thanks to additive manufacturing technology, Oak Ridge National Laboratory was able to fabricate a robotic hand with less energy use and material waste. The novel, lightweight, low-cost fluid powered hand was selected for a 2012 R&D 100 award. | Photo courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Partnering with Industry 2 of 4 Partnering with Industry The Energy Department's Manufacturing Demonstration Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory includes an array of state-of-the-art additive manufacturing capabilities, allowing researchers and industry to develop

448

The American Elm  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Elm Elm Nature Bulletin No. 279-A October 21, 1967 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE AMERICAN ELM For three centuries, the stately graceful American Elm -- "the tree that like a fountain rises" -- has been our favorite shade tree, and around it have grown some of our finest traditions. The early colonists found huge patriarchs, which reminded them of the magnificent English Elms, and they planted seedlings to shade their homes and village commons. Today, innumerable New England roadways are lined with giant elms, their great arching limbs forming canopies like a cathedral roof. When the pioneers moved westward, they found this tree everywhere in the bottomlands and on low fertile hills. NOW, throughout the Middle West -- even in prosaic prairie towns -- streets and public buildings are shaded and given character by beautiful elms.

449

AMERICAN HERITAGE OF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AMERICAN HERITAGE OF AMERICAN HERITAGE OF raven 10~ SUMMER 1995 $d.OU VOLUME 11/NU~IBH;R 1 i Y .rt: r "~ ~:rih a ~~ to Invent * Tf~e~'' ~ °of _._.. , _._~.__ ~y~,: ..~_, ec no o~ r HE TOM OMB FIFTY YEARS AGO THIS SUNI~fER, THE WORLD WAS changed forever when the first nuclear bomb ex- ploded above the New Mexico desert and then bombs were dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. The moral, psychological, and geopolitical ramifications of this most powerful and revolution- ary of all technologies and its use have been matters of universal con- cern ever since. They will undoubtedly be the subject of particularly intense discussion this summer. Invention ~ Technology's contribution is a look at the anniversary from the magazine's unique perspective, examining the making of the

450

-APTKA E AMERICAN O  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

APTKA E AMERICAN O APTKA E AMERICAN O w ~%~'~ PUBCIC TRANSPORTATION fa ASSOCIATION 2001-006487 3/9 P 4:06 Wash March 7, 2001 Eal , The Honorable Spencer Abraham al Secretary iodadbpOa U.S. Department of Energy wr dL b, Forrestal Building 6dJS 1 * 1000 Independence Avenue, N.W. BaA roB Washington, DC 20585-1000 GWE KtsO mg Dear Mr. Secretary: hidcI ABd ramnU I Ssb 6idL fian I write on behalf of the American Public Transportation Association (APTA) to SWais express support for the development of a national energy policy. As President Bush Ei;. LtrW highlighted in his February 27 address to a joint session of Congress, regional energy e, &mw^, u* shortages have become serious concerns and have brought attention to this major issue GhaI facing our country. iBtdL Wd _r.nwabtis As the trade association representing the public transportation industry, we would

451

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- American Cyanamid Co - CT 13  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cyanamid Co - CT 13 Cyanamid Co - CT 13 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: American Cyanamid Co (CT.13 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Stamford , Connecticut CT.13-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CT.13-1 Site Operations: Produced boron and possibly handled small amounts of refined radioactive source material circa 1940's. Also possibly performed research work on irradiated "J" slugs in 1952 and 1953. CT.13-1 CT.13-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote due to the limited scope of activities involving radioactive material performed at this site CT.13-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CT.13-1 Radiological Survey(s): No

452

Contributions to the knowledge of the ecology of the American woodcock, Philohela minor (Gmelin), on the wintering range in Louisiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT............................................ x INTRODUCTION........................................... 1 SYSTEMATIC CLASSIFICATION AND RANGE OF THE AMERICAN WOODCOCK................................ 5 Range in North America... Precipitation (inches) in Louisiana . . ? . ? .......... . ............13 4 Physiographic Provinces of Louisiana. . . . . . 1$ 5 Soils of Louisiana.............................18 6 Forest Types of Louisiana .................... 21 7 Nocturnal Feeding...

Glasgow, Leslie Lloyd

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Table 3b. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

b. Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Price in Nominal Dollars" " nominal dollars per barrel" ,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000...

454

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W 839.2 135.0 1,251.9 See footnotes at end of table. 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration...

455

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

W 1,039.3 132.9 1,418.3 See footnotes at end of table. 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration...

456

An idealized molecular geometry library for refinement of poorly behaved molecular fragments with constraints  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An idealized molecular geometry library has been created as a web site to be used for refinement of difficult structures with constrained fragment geometries. The library application is illustrated with a practical example.

Guzei, I.A.

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

457

Knowledge-Based B-Factor Restraints for the Refinement of Proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current practice of restraining all B factors equal to their bonded neighbors is reviewed. A restraint is proposed that uses the patterns of B factors of low-resolution refinements.

Tronrud, D.E.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Surface selective removal of xylan from refined never-dried birch kraft pulp  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, the effect of enzyme treatment on refined, never-dried bleached birch kraft pulp was investigated, using an endo-1,4-?-xylanase, that is substantially free from cellulase activity. The xylanase tre...

Esa Saukkonen; Katja Lyytikäinen; Pavel Geydt; Kaj Backfolk

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Steam System Opportunity Assessment for the Pulp and Paper, Chemical Manufacturing, and Petroleum Refining Industries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report assesses steam generation and use in the pulp and paper, chemical manufacturing, and the petroleum refining industries. The report also estimates the energy savings potential available from implementing steam system performance and efficiency improvements.

460

Validation and refinement of gene-regulatory pathways on a network of physical interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As genome-scale measurements lead to increasingly complex models of gene regulation, systematic approaches are needed to validate and refine these models. Towards this goal, we describe an automated procedure for prioritizing ...

Yeang, Chen-Hsiang, 1969-

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Specification, Refinement and Verification of Concurrent Systems—An Integration of Object-Z and CSP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a method of formally specifying, refining and verifying concurrent systems which uses the object-oriented state-based specification language Object-Z together with the process algebra CSP. Obj...

Graeme Smith; John Derrick

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- W 73.5 See footnotes at end of table. A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present Energy Information Administration ...

463

FIA-15-0002- In the Matter of Alon Refining Krotz Springs, Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Decision concerns an Appeal that Alon Refining Krotz Springs, Inc. (Alon) filed in response to a determination that was issued to it by the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Information...

464

Using a conformation-dependent stereochemical library improves crystallographic refinement of proteins  

SciTech Connect

The major macromolecular crystallographic refinement packages restrain models to ideal geometry targets defined as single values that are independent of molecular conformation. However, ultrahigh-resolution X-ray models of proteins are not consistent with this concept of ideality and have been used to develop a library of ideal main-chain bond lengths and angles that are parameterized by the {phi}/{psi} angle of the residue [Berkholz et al. (2009), Structure, 17, 1316-1325]. Here, it is first shown that the new conformation-dependent library does not suffer from poor agreement with ultrahigh-resolution structures, whereas current libraries have this problem. Using the TNT refinement package, it is then shown that protein structure refinement using this conformation-dependent library results in models that have much better agreement with library values of bond angles with little change in the R values. These tests support the value of revising refinement software to account for this new paradigm.

Tronrud, Dale E.; Berkholz, Donald S.; Karplus, P. Andrew (Oregon State U.)

2010-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

465

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

78.2 101.8 83.6 87.5 74.7 See footnotes at end of table. A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District, and State, 1984-Present 452 Energy Information...

466

Improving catalysts for the refining of straight-run gasoline fractions of petroleum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a method for modifying catalysts based on a high-silica zeolite of the ZSM-5 type using Ni nanopowder to improve catalysts for the refining of straight-run gasoline fractions. The proposed method, whic...

E. V. Urzhumova; L. M. Velichkina; A. V. Vosmerikov; A. E. Ermakov

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Combustion Emissions from Refining Lower Quality Oil: What Is the Global Warming Potential?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Refinery crude feed, processing, yield, and fuel data from four regions accounting for 97% of U.S. refining capacity from 1999 to 2008 were compared among regions and years for effects on processing and energy consumption predicted by the processing characteristics of heavier, higher sulfur oils. ... Estimates that construct process-by-process allocations of emissions among these factors have not been verified by observations from operating refineries in part because publicly reported data are limited for refinery-specific crude feeds and unavailable for process-level material and energy inputs and outputs (4-6). ... Rough estimates including the energy, d, and S lost in bitumen upgrading for SCO refined reveal greater effects of total processing for crude feeds refined in Districts 2 and 4 and follow the relationships observed in refining (Figure 2). ...

Greg Karras

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

468

Parcel Per Parcel Toward A More Refined Carbon Emissions Estimation For Livermore, CA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A More Refined Carbon Emissions Estimation For Livermore, CAof lifestyle on carbon emissions in the residential sector [an all-time low in carbon emissions, though most use overall

Živanovi?, Ana

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

North Dakota's Forests Resource Bulletin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

opportunity provider and employer. #12;David E. Haugen, Robert Harsel, Aaron Bergdahl, Tom Claeys, Christopher, Charles J. Barnett, Grant M. Domke, Dan Kaisershot, W. Keith Moser, Andrew J. Lister, and Dale D and fire management team leader with the North Dakota Forest Service, Bismarck, ND. Christopher W. Woodall

470

EASURING IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF THE U.S. CORN REFINING INDUSTRY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

| P | P a g e MEASURING IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF THE U.S. CORN REFINING INDUSTRY SPONSORED BY THE U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY AS PART OF THE ENERGY STAR® PROGRAM GALE A. BOYD AND CHRISTIAN DELGADO DUKE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS BOX 90097, DURHAM, NC 27708 JULY 10, 2012 2 | P a g e MEASURING IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF THE U.S. CORN REFINING INDUSTRY CONTENTS Figures .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3 Tables ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

471

Young Americans | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Young Americans Young Americans Young Americans Competitions 2013 EcoCar2 Challenge Primary Ed DOE 2013 National Science Bowl Primary Ed DOE Challenge Home Student Design University EERE 2013 National Clean Energy Business Plan University EERE 2013 Solar Decathlon University EERE/DOE 2013 National Collegiate Wind University DOE Better Buildings University DOE Energy Challenge University DOE Georgetown University Energy Prize University Georgetown Univ. P3: People, Prosperitym and the Planet University EPA National Clean Energy Business Plan University DOE National Geothermal Student University ORISE Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Competitions University NREL H2U Student Contest University HEF American Solar Challenge University ASC

472

New American Home 2009 (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This brochure details the New American Home 2009, which demonstrates the use of innovative building materials, cutting-edge design, and the latest construction techniques.

Not Available

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Stratigraphic and diagenetic controls on the occurrence of porosity in the Mississippian Mission Canyon Formation in the Billings Nose Area, North Dakota  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). The south-plunging OOOO SASKATCHEWAN MONTANA POPLAR -4000 0 0 0 CEDAR CREEK ANTICLINE CQ i(r NESSON ~ ANTICLINE 0 A I. 'v, ??. . . qO 0 "'OS J PRYGURG 0 0 I MANITOBA NORTH DAKOTA Y I EDGE OF M I SS ION CANYON I I I I NORTH... in the Williston Basin in 1936 on the Cedar Creek anticline in Montana (Gerhard et al, 1982a). The discovery was uneconomical and was not developed. Despite this poor start, the Williston Basin has become a major producer of oil and gas on the North American...

Beaber, Daniel Edward

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Information  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Dakota Dakota Information to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Information on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Information on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Information on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Information on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Information on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Information on AddThis.com... North Dakota Information This state page compiles information related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles in North Dakota and includes new incentives and laws, alternative fueling station locations, truck stop electrification sites, fuel prices, and local points of contact.

475

North River, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

North Dakota: Energy Resources North Dakota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 46.9507977°, -96.8025805° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.9507977,"lon":-96.8025805,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

476

Central American resource studies  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory has been working with five Central American countries to assist in the development of their energy and mineral resources. Since 1985, mineral resources in Costa Rica, peat resources in Costa Rica and Panama, geothermal energy resources in Honduras and Guatemala, and geothermal field development in El Salvador and Costa Rica have been topics of study. This paper presents an overview of this work -- within these proceedings are papers that deal with specific aspects of each topic, and these will be duly noted. 15 refs., 4 figs.

Van Eeckhout, E.; Laughlin, A.W.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Central American update  

SciTech Connect

The Central American Energy Resources Project is designed to help the countries of Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama develop their geothermal resources. Auxiliary project goals are to increase economic development and employment in Central America; to provide a scientific basis for the private sector to develop natural resources; and to provide scientific training to in-country scientists, engineers, and technicians. The energy resources project began in March 1985. The progress being made in El Salvador (production well logging and geophysical operations), Panama (site selection for the first temperature-gradient well), and Honduras (well drilling of temperature-gradient wells) is summarized.

Hodgson, S.F.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Americans as Survivors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and Vietnam: both are seen as unwinnable counterinsurgencies with unclear goals carried out in alien, hostile environments against enemies who are invisible and highly dangerous. A small but growing group of veterans of Iraq who embrace these alternative meanings have modeled themselves on the antiwar... Physicians have always been concerned with how people survive trauma, writes Dr. Robert Jay Lifton. Less noted has been the experience of Americans as survivors of violent collective trauma. However, responses can be both painful and a potential source of ...

Lifton R.J.

2005-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

479

American Electric Vehicles Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: American Electric Vehicles Inc Place: Palmer Lake, Colorado Zip: 80133 Sector: Vehicles Product: American Electric Vehicles (AEV) builds high...

480

American Battery Charging Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Battery Charging Inc Place: Smithfield, Rhode Island Zip: 2917 Product: Manufacturer of industrial and railroad battery chargers. References: American Battery Charging...

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481

American Way Solar AWS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Name: American Way Solar (AWS) Place: Plzen, Czech Republic Sector: Solar Product: Czech subsidiary of US PV panel manufacturer, American Way Solar (AWS)....

482

Emily North | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Principal Investigators Postdoctoral Fellows Center researchers Graduate Students Undergraduate Students All Bisfuel Center Personnel Emily North Michael Kenney Emily North...

483

Waste Heat Doesn't Have to be a Waste of Money- The American & Efird Heat Recovery Project: A First for the Textile Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Efird, Inc., decided to upgrade their heat recovery system at its Dyeing & Finishing Plant in Mt. Holly, North Carolina. They chose an electric industrial process heat pump to enhance heat recovery and to lower operating costs. This application... of the industrial process heat pump was the first of its kind in the American textile industry and was the result of a three year cooperative effort between American & Efird, Inc. and Duke Power Company. This innovative application of heat pump technology has...

Smith, S. W.

484

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 102, NO. D24, PAGES 29,737-29,745, DECEMBER 26, 1997 Atmospheric aerosol and water vapor characteristics over north  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atmospheric aerosol and water vapor characteristics over north central Canada during BOREAS B. L. Markham, J typically0.09 and 0.34 cm, respectively.Size distributionsderivedfrom solar almucantarmeasurementsshowtheHughesSTXCorporation,Greenbelt,Maryland. 2Formerlyat HSTX/GSFC-NASA,Greenbelt,Maryland. Copyright1997by the American

485

Nature Preserves (North Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nature Preserves (North Dakota) Nature Preserves (North Dakota) Nature Preserves (North Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Siting and Permitting The Parks and Recreation Department is responsible for managing and acquiring designated nature areas in the state of North Dakota. New

486

Radiation (North Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radiation (North Dakota) Radiation (North Dakota) Radiation (North Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Environmental Regulations The Department of Health is the designated agency to receive registration applications and issue certificates necessary for the production, storage, processing, and disposal of radioactive wastes. The Industrial Commission of North Dakota is tasked with monitoring and enforcing provisions related

487

Factors affecting expanded electricity trade in North America  

SciTech Connect

The authors explore factors that affect electricity trade between enterprises in the US and Canada and the US and Mexico. They look to those underlying policy and institutional factors that affect the relative costs of producing electricity in the three countries. In particular, they consider six factors that appear to have a significant impact on electricity trade in North America: differences in the types of economic regulation of power leading to differences in cost recovery for wholesale and retail power and wheeling charges; changing regulatory attitudes, placing more emphasis on demand-side management and environmental concerns; differences in energy and economic policies; differences in national and subnational environmental policies; changing organization of electric power industries which may foster uncertainty, change historical relationships, and provide other potentially important sources of power for distribution utilities; and differences in the ability of enterprises to gain access to electric power markets because of restrictions placed on transmission access. In Section 2, the authors discuss the regulation of electricity trade in North America and provide an overview of the recent trading experience for electricity between Canada and the US and between Mexico and the US, including the volume of that trade over the past decade and existing transmission capacity between regions of the three countries. In Section 3, they look at the benefits that accrue to trading counties and what those benefits are likely to be for the three countries. The discussion in Section 4 centers on the relevant provisions of the Canada Free Trade Agreement and the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement. In Section 5, they set the stage for the discussion of policy and institutional differences presented in Section 6 by outlining differences in the organization of the electric power sectors of Canada, the US, and Mexico. The study is synthesized in Section 7.

Hill, L.J.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Re-refining of waste mineral insulating oil by extraction with N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Extraction with N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) via the three-stage mixer–settler operation was studied as possible process for re-refining of waste mineral insulating oil. The following extraction process parameters were investigated systematically in order to determine their optimum values: amount of water as co-solvent in NMP, extraction temperature and solvent/oil ratio. The process parameters and resulting oil chemical compositions were found to influence the electrical properties and the oxidation stability of the re-refined oil. The levels of aromatic, paraffinic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were determined using IR spectroscopy and HPLC, while other relevant chemical and electrical properties of waste and re-refined oil were determined according to IEC, ISO and ASTM standards. Extraction using NMP was found to be an adequate method for waste mineral insulating oil re-refining, according to the application properties of the re-refined oil. Moderate extraction temperature, 1% water in NMP and a low solvent/oil ratio (0.5) were determined to be the optimum process parameters.

Jelena Luki?; Aleksandar Orlovi?; Michael Spiteller; Jovan Jovanovi?; Dejan Skala

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

E-Print Network 3.0 - amerya petroleum refining Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carolina State University, North Carolina Solar Center Collection: Renewable Energy ; Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 37 Ross J. Pillari 625 Bowling Green Court...

490

Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining | U.S. DOE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » July 2013 Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining A novel metal-organic framework (MOF) efficiently separates higher octane components from the low value ones, offering great potential for significant cost reduction in gasoline production. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page

491

,"Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0u_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0u_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

492

,"U.S. Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0r_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0r_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

493

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- National Smelting and Refining Co - OH  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Smelting and Refining Co - Smelting and Refining Co - OH 20 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: NATIONAL SMELTING & REFINING CO. (OH.20) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 6800 Grand Avenue , Cleveland , Ohio OH.20-1 Evaluation Year: 1993 OH.20-2 Site Operations: No indication of other test operations using very limited quantities of slag material. OH.20-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote based upon limited scope of activities at the site OH.20-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium - No Indication of Anything But Trace Amounts Handled OH.20-1 Radiological Survey(s): None Indicated Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP

494

New Seismic Model Will Refine Hazard Analysis at U.S. Nuclear Plants |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Seismic Model Will Refine Hazard Analysis at U.S. Nuclear New Seismic Model Will Refine Hazard Analysis at U.S. Nuclear Plants New Seismic Model Will Refine Hazard Analysis at U.S. Nuclear Plants January 31, 2012 - 2:09pm Addthis The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) released a new seismic study today that will help U.S. nuclear facilities in the central and eastern United States reassess seismic hazards. The Central and Eastern United States Seismic Source Characterization for Nuclear Facilities model and report is the culmination of a four-year effort among the participating organizations and replaces previous seismic source models used by industry and government since the late 1980s. The NRC is requesting U.S. nuclear power plants to reevaluate seismic

495

,"U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0u_dpgal_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0u_dpgal_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

496

,"U.S. Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0r_dpgal_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0r_dpgal_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

497

,"Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

498

,"No. 2 Distillate Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","No. 2 Distillate Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_a_epd2_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_a_epd2_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

499

The Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability October 1997 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration/The Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability ii Contacts The Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability was prepared in the Office of Energy Markets and End Use of the Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy under the general direction of W. Calvin

500

Overview of Eulerian Methods and Block Adaptive Mesh Refinement Techniques at Sandia  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Crawford, D.A. et al. 1 Crawford, D.A. et al. 1 Overview of Eulerian Methods and Block Adaptive Mesh Refinement Techniques at Sandia D. A. Crawford* and D. M. Hensinger* * Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA. Multi-material shock-physics Eulerian codes have undergone several generations of refinement in as many decades at Sandia. The widely used code, CTH, can trace its lineage to the one- and two-dimensional codes CHARTD and CSQ. An adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) strategy has been implemented in CTH, providing improved performance and memory utilization and evidence of improved scaling for large problems. The ALE (Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian) code ALEGRA combines the multi- material shock physics capabilities found in CTH with a finite element