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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

North Dakota Refining Capacity Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

According to a 2008 report issued by the United States Geological Survey, North Dakota and Montana have an estimated 3.0 to 4.3 billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable oil in an area known as the Bakken Formation. With the size and remoteness of the discovery, the question became 'can a business case be made for increasing refining capacity in North Dakota?' And, if so what is the impact to existing players in the region. To answer the question, a study committee comprised of leaders in the region's petroleum industry were brought together to define the scope of the study, hire a consulting firm and oversee the study. The study committee met frequently to provide input on the findings and modify the course of the study, as needed. The study concluded that the Petroleum Area Defense District II (PADD II) has an oversupply of gasoline. With that in mind, a niche market, naphtha, was identified. Naphtha is used as a diluent used for pipelining the bitumen (heavy crude) from Canada to crude markets. The study predicted there will continue to be an increase in the demand for naphtha through 2030. The study estimated the optimal configuration for the refinery at 34,000 barrels per day (BPD) producing 15,000 BPD of naphtha and a 52 percent refinery charge for jet and diesel yield. The financial modeling assumed the sponsor of a refinery would invest its own capital to pay for construction costs. With this assumption, the internal rate of return is 9.2 percent which is not sufficient to attract traditional investment given the risk factor of the project. With that in mind, those interested in pursuing this niche market will need to identify incentives to improve the rate of return.

Dennis Hill; Kurt Swenson; Carl Tuura; Jim Simon; Robert Vermette; Gilberto Marcha; Steve Kelly; David Wells; Ed Palmer; Kuo Yu; Tram Nguyen; Juliam Migliavacca

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

2

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections Map of the North American Electric Reliability...

3

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information...

4

Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Comments of North American Electric Reliability...

5

Outlook for North American Natural Gas  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

North American Natural Gas For LDC Natural Gas Forum November 11, 2014 | Toronto, Ontario, Canada By Adam Sieminski, Administrator U.S. Energy Information Administration The...

6

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and winter and summer forecasts; monitors the bulk power systems; and educates, trains, and certifies industry personnel. North American Electric Reliability Corporation...

7

North American Natural Gas Markets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes die research by an Energy Modeling Forum working group on the evolution of the North American natural gas markets between now and 2010. The group's findings are based partly on the results of a set of economic models of the natural gas industry that were run for four scenarios representing significantly different conditions: two oil price scenarios (upper and lower), a smaller total US resource base (low US resource case), and increased potential gas demand for electric generation (high US demand case). Several issues, such as the direction of regulatory policy and the size of the gas resource base, were analyzed separately without the use of models.

Not Available

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

North American Natural Gas Markets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report sunnnarizes the research by an Energy Modeling Forum working group on the evolution of the North American natural gas markets between now and 2010. The group's findings are based partly on the results of a set of economic models of the natural gas industry that were run for four scenarios representing significantly different conditions: two oil price scenarios (upper and lower), a smaller total US resource base (low US resource case), and increased potential gas demand for electric generation (high US demand case). Several issues, such as the direction of regulatory policy and the size of the gas resource base, were analyzed separately without the use of models.

Not Available

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

North American Society for Trenchless Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

North American Society for Trenchless Technology (NASTT) Bowling Green State University (BGSU Technology Seminar North American Society for Trenchless Technology (NASTT) & Bowling Green State University-Thompson Student Union Bowling Green State University (BGSU) Bowling Green, Ohio February 23-24, 2012 #12;Second

Moore, Paul A.

10

Energy Secretary Moniz Will Host North American Energy Ministers...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

three key areas, including: 1) North American data collaboration, 2) Mexico's energy reform and its implications for the North American energy sector, and 3) creating a resilient...

11

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Report...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

collaboration between the North American electric industry (utilities, grid operators, vendors and consultants), the North American Electric Reliability Corporation, academics, and...

12

Diesel Engine Strategy & North American Market Challenges, Technology...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Engine Strategy & North American Market Challenges, Technology and Growth Diesel Engine Strategy & North American Market Challenges, Technology and Growth Presentation given at the...

13

Petrochem industry expands North American MTBE capacity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that petrochemical manufacturers continue to increase methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) capacity in North America. The action reflects refiners' reformulation of gasoline to help reduce auto emissions. Demand for gasoline blending oxygenates such as MTBE is expected to increase as U.S. refiners reconfigure processing trains to produce fuels meeting requirements of the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990. Recent progress includes plans to build an MTBE plant in Mexico and start-ups of plants on the U.S. Gulf Coast and in Canada.

Not Available

1992-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

14

Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato germplasm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato germplasm Hamilton et al;RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato breeding approaches in potato rely almost entirely on phenotypic evaluations; molecular markers

Douches, David S.

15

ELECTROPHORETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF NORTH AMERICAN POTATO CULTIVARSl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1991) 767 ELECTROPHORETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF NORTH AMERICAN POTATO CULTIVARSl D. S. Douches identify potato cultivars. Both leafand tuber tissue were sampled in thirteen enzyme systems. Two buffer means to discriminate sexually-derived potato cultivars. Compendio Se analizaron un total de 112

Douches, David S.

16

INVESTIGATION Retrospective View of North American Potato  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVESTIGATION Retrospective View of North American Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Breeding in the 20, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706 ABSTRACT Cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), a vegetatively propagated explore the effects of potato breeding at the genome level, we used 8303 single-nucleotide polymorphism

Douches, David S.

17

North American Cross-Border  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption in USA and Canada 21 Figure 8: Electricity Export as a Fraction of Domestic Consumption in USANorth American Cross-Border Electricity Trade Ian M. Loomis Virginia Center for Coal and Energy ii List of Tables ii List of Figures 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 2 INTRODUCTION 5 ELECTRICITY GENERATION

18

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Search Tool  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is the standard used by Federal statistical agencies in classifying business establishments for the purpose of collecting, analyzing, and...

19

Competition and Reliability in North American Electricity Markets...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Blackout 2003: Electric System Working Group Technical Conference - Comments and Recommendations Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets: Issue Paper Synopses...

20

Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Markets: Issue Paper Synopses Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets: Issue Paper Synopses Jack Casazza, Frank Delea, and George Loehr argue that...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

North American Standard Level VI Inspection Program Update: Ensuring...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Ensuring Safe Transportation of Radioactive Material Presentation made by Carlisle Smith for the NTSF annual meeting held from May 14-16, 2013 in Buffalo, NY North American...

22

North American Natural Gas Markets. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report sunnnarizes the research by an Energy Modeling Forum working group on the evolution of the North American natural gas markets between now and 2010. The group`s findings are based partly on the results of a set of economic models of the natural gas industry that were run for four scenarios representing significantly different conditions: two oil price scenarios (upper and lower), a smaller total US resource base (low US resource case), and increased potential gas demand for electric generation (high US demand case). Several issues, such as the direction of regulatory policy and the size of the gas resource base, were analyzed separately without the use of models.

Not Available

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

North American Natural Gas Markets. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes die research by an Energy Modeling Forum working group on the evolution of the North American natural gas markets between now and 2010. The group`s findings are based partly on the results of a set of economic models of the natural gas industry that were run for four scenarios representing significantly different conditions: two oil price scenarios (upper and lower), a smaller total US resource base (low US resource case), and increased potential gas demand for electric generation (high US demand case). Several issues, such as the direction of regulatory policy and the size of the gas resource base, were analyzed separately without the use of models.

Not Available

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

2005 the North American Solar Challenge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In July 2005 the North American Solar Challenge (NASC) featured university built solar powered cars ran across the United States into Canada. The competition began in Austin, Texas with stops in Weatherford, Texas; Broken Arrow, Oklahoma; Topeka, Kansas; Omaha, Nebraska; Sioux Falls, South Dakota, Fargo, North Dakota; Winnipeg, Manitoba; Brandon, Manitoba; Regina, Saskatchewan; Medicine Hat, Alberta; mainly following U.S. Highway 75 and Canadian Highway 1 to the finish line in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, for a total distance of 2,500 miles. NASC major sponsors include the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Natural Resources Canada and DOEs National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The event is designed to inspire young people to pursue careers in science and engineering. NASCs predecessors, the American Solar Challenge and Sunrayce, generally have been held every two years since 1990. With each race, the solar cars travel faster and further with greater reliability. The NASC promotes: -Renewable energy technologies (specifically photovoltaic or solar cells) -Educational excellence in science, engineering and mathematics -Creative integration of technical and scientific expertise across a wide-range of disciplines -Hands-on experience for students and engineers to develop and demonstrate their technical and creative abilities. Safety is the first priority for the NASC. Each team put its car through grueling qualifying and technical inspections. Teams that failed to meet the requirements were not allowed participate. During the race, each team was escorted by lead and chase vehicles sporting rooftop hazard flashers. An official observer accompanied each solar car team to keep it alert to any safety issues.

Dan Eberle

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

25

Supply, Demand, and Export Outlook for North American Oil and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Supply, Demand, and Export Outlook for North American Oil and Gas For Energy Infrastructure Summit September 15, 2014 | Houston, TX By Adam Sieminski, EIA Administrator 0 20 40 60...

26

High-Energy, Low-Frequency Risk to the North American Bulk Power...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

(June 2010) A Jointly-Commissioned Summary Report of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation and the U.S. Department of Energy's November 2009 Workshop. The North...

27

Proceedings of NAWTEC16 16th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of NAWTEC16 16th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference May 19-21, 2008 Proceedings of NAWTEC16 16th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference May 19-21, 2008, Philadelphia

Columbia University

28

Senior Vice President Jack Kime is currently Senior Vice President of Operations for the North American  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the North American Road & Rail business unit of the Swiss based Supply Chain Management Company Kuehne

Lin, Xiaodong

29

North American Hydro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(Utility Company) Jump to:City)Norristown, Pennsylvania: EnergyCoating Name: North

30

North American Free Trade and U.S. Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

North American Free Trade and U.S. Agriculture Parr Rosson, Geoffrey A. Benson, Kirby S. Moulton and Larry D. Sanders* The use of trade agreements to achieve both domestic and international trade policy objectives is increasing. As a result, some U....S. agricultural exports setting a new record in 1996. R i s k M a n a g e men t E d u c a t i o n ? L-5282 RM6-8.0 5-99 *Professor and Extension Economist, The Texas A&M University System; Extension Economists, North Carolina State University, University...

Rosson, C. Parr; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Moulton, Kirby S.; Sanders, Larry D.

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

31

The Central American cold surge: an observational analysis of the deep southward penetration of North American cold fronts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE CENTRAL AMERICAN COLD SURGE: AN OBSERVATIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE DEEP SOUTHWARD PENETRATION OF NORTH AMERICAN COLD FRONTS A Thesis by PHILIP JOHN REDING Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A &M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Meteorology THE CENTRAL AMERICAN COLD SURGE: AN OBSERVATIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE DEEP SOUTHWARD PENETRATION OF NORTH AMERICAN COLD FRONTS A Thesis by PHILIP...

Reding, Philip John

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

TESTING GROUND BASED GEOPHYSICAL TECHNIQUES TO REFINE ELECTROMAGNETIC SURVEYS NORTH OF THE 300 AREA HANFORD WASHINGTON  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Airborne electromagnetic (AEM) surveys were flown during fiscal year (FY) 2008 within the 600 Area in an attempt to characterize the underlying subsurface and to aid in the closure and remediation design study goals for the 200-PO-1 Groundwater Operable Unit (OU). The rationale for using the AEM surveys was that airborne surveys can cover large areas rapidly at relatively low costs with minimal cultural impact, and observed geo-electrical anomalies could be correlated with important subsurface geologic and hydrogeologic features. Initial interpretation of the AEM surveys indicated a tenuous correlation with the underlying geology, from which several anomalous zones likely associated with channels/erosional features incised into the Ringold units were identified near the River Corridor. Preliminary modeling resulted in a slightly improved correlation but revealed that more information was required to constrain the modeling (SGW-39674, Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Report, 200-PO-1 Groundwater Operable Unit, 600 Area, Hanford Site). Both time-and frequency domain AEM surveys were collected with the densest coverage occurring adjacent to the Columbia River Corridor. Time domain surveys targeted deeper subsurface features (e.g., top-of-basalt) and were acquired using the HeliGEOTEM{reg_sign} system along north-south flight lines with a nominal 400 m (1,312 ft) spacing. The frequency domain RESOLVE system acquired electromagnetic (EM) data along tighter spaced (100 m [328 ft] and 200 m [656 ft]) north-south profiles in the eastern fifth of the 200-PO-1 Groundwater OU (immediately adjacent to the River Corridor). The overall goal of this study is to provide further quantification of the AEM survey results, using ground based geophysical methods, and to link results to the underlying geology and/or hydrogeology. Specific goals of this project are as follows: (1) Test ground based geophysical techniques for the efficacy in delineating underlying geology; (2) Use ground measurements to refine interpretations of AEM data; and (3) Improve the calibration and correlation of AEM information. The potential benefits of this project are as follows: (1) Develop a tool to map subsurface units at the Hanford Site in a rapid and cost effective manner; (2) Map groundwater pathways within the River Corridor; and (3) Aid development of the conceptual site model. If anomalies observed in the AEM data can be correlated with subsurface geology, then the rapid scanning and non-intrusive capabilities provided by the airborne surveys can be used at the Hanford Site to screen for areas that warrant further investigation.

PETERSEN SW

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

33

E-Print Network 3.0 - ancient north american Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen Collection: Physics 2 Curriculum Vitae Brian M. Kemp Summary: ) Ancient DNA and North American Indian Prehistory...

34

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: North American Power Electronics Supply Chain Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Synthesis Partners at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about North American power...

35

Scale dependence of native and alien species richness in North American floras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scale dependence of native and alien species richness in North American floras Vliv mítka studia na of native and alien species richness in North American flo- ras. ­ Preslia 78: 427­436. I analyzed data from and alien diversity vary as a function of spatial grain. Moving window multi- ple regression revealed

Minnesota, University of

36

NORTH-AMERICAN MP TANDEM ACCELERATORS H. E. WEGNER and P. THIEBERGER (*)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1291 NORTH-AMERICAN MP TANDEM ACCELERATORS H. E. WEGNER and P. THIEBERGER (*) Brookhaven National elles. Abstract. 2014 The North-American MP Tandem accelerators are six in number. Serial § 1. Yale; § 2 characteristics of these six tandem accelerators will be discussed in the order of their serial numbers. Upgrade

Boyer, Edmond

37

Ann Reg Sci (2002) 36:483495 North American economic integration and industrial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and industrial pollution in North America has focused on the US-Mexico border region. Little attention, howeverAnn Reg Sci (2002) 36:483­495 North American economic integration and industrial pollution integration within North America on industrial pollution intensities within the Great Lake states

Kammen, Daniel M.

38

The Geology of North America as Illustrated by Native American Stories by Robert G. McWilliams 1 The Geology of North America as  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Geology of North America as Illustrated by Native American Stories by Robert G. McWilliams 1 The Geology of North America as Illustrated by Native American Stories Robert G. McWilliams Professor Emeritus Department of Geology Miami University Oxford, Ohio 45056 mcwillrg@muohio.edu #12;The Geology of North

Lee Jr., Richard E.

39

Proceedings of NAWTEC16 16th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of NAWTEC16 16th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference May 19-21, 2008 city population, Mumbai ranks first, while Tokyo comes in eighth at over 8 million. [8] Proceedings

Columbia University

40

Optimal(Estimation(of(North(American(Methane( Emissions(using(GOSAT(data:(  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal(Estimation(of(North(American(Methane( Emissions(using(GOSAT(data:( A&Sciences&Division,&Lawrence&Berkeley&National&Laboratory,&Berkeley,&CA,&USA.! *aturner@fas.harvard.edu& Harvard(University( #12;Prior Methane Emissions from EDGARv4.2/Kaplan Major/Gas Waste Coal 0 5 10 15 20 Wetlands Livestock Oil/Gas Landfills Coal North America Global #12;Satellites

Jacob, Daniel J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Copyright 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the 17th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the 17th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference on the strengths of past research at Columbia and North Carolina State on recycling, composting, waste- to-energy of each technology has the potential 1 Proceedings of the 17th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy

Columbia University

42

Worldwide refining and gas processing directory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Statistics are presented on the following: US refining; Canada refining; Europe refining; Africa refining; Asia refining; Latin American refining; Middle East refining; catalyst manufacturers; consulting firms; engineering and construction; US gas processing; international gas processing; plant maintenance providers; process control and simulation systems; and trade associations.

NONE

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

North American Reciprocal Museum List Members from the de Saisset Museum, who present a membership card validated with a gold North American Reciprocal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

North American Reciprocal Museum List Members from the de Saisset Museum, who present a membership at participating museums: Free/member admission during regular museum hours, member discounts at museum shops, and discounts. on concert/lecture tickets. Please note: Some museums restrict benefits. Please see notes

Schwarz, Thomas

44

Comment submitted by the North American Association of Food Equipment Manufacturers (NAFEM) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a comment submitted by the North American Association of Food Equipment Manufacturers (NAFEM) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program

45

North American Energy Work Group Releases Updated Trilateral...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

efficiency, regulatory cooperation, and hydrocarbons. The SPP strengthens North America's energy markets by working together, according to our respective legal frameworks, to...

46

Final Report on Kokes Awards for the 20th North American Catalysis Society Meeting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Final Report describes how the Kokes Awards program was carried out for the 2007 meeting with regard to selection of students and disbursement of funds received from DOE and other sources. The objective of the Richard J. Kokes Travel Award program of the American Catalysis Society is to encourage graduate students to attend and participate meaningfully in the biennial North American Catalysis Society Meeting.

Wong, Michael S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Multiscale Variability of the Flow during the North American Monsoon Experiment RICHARD H. JOHNSON, PAUL E. CIESIELSKI, BRIAN D. MCNOLDY, PETER J. ROGERS, AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiscale Variability of the Flow during the North American Monsoon Experiment RICHARD H. JOHNSON H. Johnson, Dept

Johnson, Richard H.

48

Beta diversity and latitude in North American mammals: testing the hypothesis of covariation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beta diversity and latitude in North American mammals: testing the hypothesis of covariation Pilar Rodri´guez and He´ctor T. Arita Rodri´guez, P. and Arita, H. T. 2004. Beta diversity and latitude of the pattern remain insufficiently explored, including the effect of scales and the role of beta diversity

Nacional Autónoma de México, Universidad

49

Proceedings of NAWTEC16 16th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Proceedings of NAWTEC16 16th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference May 19-21, 2008 of commercial tubing in Waste-to-Energy (WTE) boilers, a corrosion test was made by altering the HCl composition analysis of corrosion products by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive

Columbia University

50

North American Electricity Infrastructure: System Security, Quality, Reliability, Availability, and Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 North American Electricity Infrastructure: System Security, Quality, Reliability, Availability for reliable and disturbance-free electricity. The massive power outages in the United States, Canada, UK and Italy in 2003 underscored electricity infrastructure's vulnerabilities [1-11]. This vital yet complex

Amin, S. Massoud

51

Company: American Pool Management Work Location: Edison, NJ Local Pools throughout Central and North Jersey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Company: American Pool Management Work Location: Edison, NJ ­ Local Pools throughout Central and North Jersey Pay Rate: $9-$12/hour Type of Business: Swimming Pool Management Job Title: Seasonal Staffing Assistant, Seasonal Area Supervisors, Seasonal Pool Managers, Seasonal Lifeguards Start Date: May

Hanson, Stephen José

52

Optimization and Visualization of the North American Eastern Interconnect Power Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization and Visualization of the North American Eastern Interconnect Power Market Douglas R uses a first generation OPF model of the Eastern Interconnect to gauge the potential benefits deriving, there is sufficient low cost capacity to keep peak demand prices in the Eastern Interconnect below $50 MWH. Under

53

Quaternary Science Reviews 25 (2006) 659688 A calibrated deglacial drainage chronology for the North American  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the North American continent: evidence of an Arctic trigger for the Younger Dryas Lev Tarasov, W.R. Peltier@atmosp.physics.utoronto.ca (L. Tarasov), peltier@atmosp.physics.utoronto.ca (W.R. Peltier). #12;(THC) (Keigwin et al., 1991

Peltier, W. Richard

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Continental energy security: Energy security in the North American context1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, commissioned reports, and signed legislation in an effort to stem crude oil imports and improve energy securityERG/201101 Continental energy security: Energy security in the North American context1 Larry Hughes, Canada 24 January 2011 1 A textbox for the Global Energy Assessment's Knowledge Module 5: Energy Security

Hughes, Larry

55

A summary of North American HVDC converter station reliability specifications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability (RAM) specifications that were issued for thyristor based HVDC converter stations in service in North America. A total of twenty project specifications are summarized. A detailed summary by project is shown with specific quantitative requirements categorized. Definitions of terms, representative design principles, and formulas used in calculating RAM parameters contained in existing reliability specifications are presented.

Vancers, I. (ABB Power Systems Inc., Los Angeles, CA (United States)); Hormozi, F.J. (Los Angeles Dept. of Water and Power, CA (United States))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Triazine herbcides: Ecological risk assessment in North American surface waters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The triazine herbicides are some of the most widely used pesticides in North America. Some are found in surface waters in North America and risks to aquatic ecosystems are a possible concern. This paper presents the results of a comprehensive aquatic ecological risk assessment conducted using probabilistic risk assessment techniques. The assessment of exposure data concentrated on Midwestern us watersheds, the area of greatest triazine use in North America and showed that concentrations of some triazines rarely exceeded 20 {mu}g/L in rivers, streams, and reservoirs. The effects assessment showed that phytoplankton were the most sensitive organisms to triazines followed, in decreasing order of sensitivity, by macrophytes, benthic invertebrates, zooplankton and fish. Distribution analysis of sensitivity to atrazine showed 10th percentile of 37 {mu}g/L for LC50s in all organisms and 5.4 {mu}g/L for LC50s in algae and plants. Simazine showed 10th percentiles of 188 {mu}g/L for LC50s in all organisms and 27 {mu}g/L for LC50s in aquatic plants. Comparisons of the exposure and effects distributions showed low probabilities of exceeding the 10th percentiles of the sensitivity distributions. These results will be discussed in relation to the mechanism of action of these substances and other stressors in the environment.

Solomon, K.R. [Univ. of Guelph (Canada)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Honda: North American Manufacturing Facilities | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG | Department ofHTS Cable ProjectsHistory History On JanuaryNaturalHonda: North

58

North American Energy Work Group Releases Updated Trilateral Energy Report  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISOMeeting North|

59

North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISOMeeting North|Leaders

60

North American Green Power,LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico:Community Nominations open for6.633492° LoadingNorth

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Cross-equatorial influences of a South American cold surge on the development of two eastern North Pacific tropical cyclones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CROSS-EQUATORIAL INFLUENCES OF A SOUTH AMERICAN COLD SURGE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF TWO EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC TROPICAL CYCLONES A Thesis by VICKI ANNE MILLIER Submitted to the Oflice of Graduate Studies of' Texas ASM University in partial fu...1611ment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989 Major Subject: Meteorology CROSS-EQUATORIAL INFLUENCES OF A SOUTH AMERICAN COLD SURGE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF TWO EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC TROPICAL CYCLONES A Thesis...

Millier, Vicki Anne

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Heat flow patterns of the North American continent: A discussion of the DNAG Geothermal Map of North America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The large and small-scale geothermal features of the North American continent and surrounding ocean areas illustrated on the new 1:5,000,000 DNAG Geothermal Map of North America are summarized. Sources for the data included on the map are given. The types of data included are heat flow sites coded by value, contours of heat flow with a color fill, areas of major groundwater effects on regional heat flow, the top-of-geopressure in the Gulf Coast region, temperature on the Dakota aquifer in the midcontinent, location of major hot springs and geothermal systems, and major center of Quaternary and Holocene volcanism. The large scale heat flow pattern that is well known for the conterminous United States and Canada of normal heat flow east of the Cordillera and generally high heat flow west of the front of the Cordillera dominates the continental portion of the map. However, details of the heat flow variations are also seen and are discussed briefly in this and the accompanying papers.

Blackwell, David D.; Steele, John L.; Carter, Larry C.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Recovery of uranium by using new microorganisms isolated from North American uranium deposits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some attempts were made to remove uranium that may be present in refining effluents, mine tailings by using new microorganisms isolated from uranium deposits and peculiar natural environments. To screen microorganisms isolated from uranium deposits and peculiar natural environments in North America and Japan for maximal accumulation of uranium, hundreds of microorganisms were examined. Some microorganisms can accumulate about 500 mg (4.2 mEq) of uranium per gram of Microbial cells within 1 h. The uranium accumulation capacity of the cells exceeds that of commercially available chelating agents (2-3 mEq/g adsorbent). We attempted to recover uranium from uranium refining waste water by using new microorganisms. As a result, these microbial cells can recover trace amounts of uranium from uranium waste water with high efficiency. These strains also have a high accumulating ability for thorium. Thus, these new microorganisms can be used as an adsorbing agent for the removal of nuclear elements may be present in metallurgical effluents, mine tailings and other waste sources.

Sakaguchi, T.; Nakajima, A.; Tsuruta, T. [Miyazaki Medical College (Japan)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

64

Lake and Reservoir Management, 25:364376, 2009 C Copyright by the North American Lake Management Society 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lake and Reservoir Management, 25:364­376, 2009 C Copyright by the North American Lake Management Quality (EQ) of the reservoirs was assessed by integrating values of total chlorophyll a, cyanophyta classification of a set of Mediterranean reservoirs applying the EU Water Framework Directive: A reasonable

García-Berthou, Emili

65

High-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low-carbon futures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low energy Carbon emissions a b s t r a c t Decarbonizing electricity production is central to reducing of resource cost scenarios, most coal power plants would be replaced by solar, wind, gas, and/or nuclear

Kammen, Daniel M.

66

An Avian Influenza Virus from Waterfowl in South America Contains Genes from North American Avian and Equine Lineages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Avian Influenza Virus from Waterfowl in South America Contains Genes from North American Avian in 2002, there have been few reports of avian influenza in South America. However, surveillance in free to an equine influenza virus from South America. RESUMEN. Un virus de influenza aviar aislado de aves acua

McCracken, Kevin G.

67

North American Power Symposium NAPS, San Luis Obispo, California, October 1999. Web-based Computing for Power System Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

North American Power Symposium NAPS, San Luis Obispo, California, October 1999. Web-based Computing|This paper discusses the possible appli- cations of web-based computing, which is based on In- ternet be achieved by using web-based computing, as this technology per- mits sharing of data and computing resources

Cañizares, Claudio A.

68

Respiratory survey of North American Indian children living in proximity to an aluminum smelter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We explored the relationship of respiratory symptoms and lung function to exposure to ambient air pollution consisting of particulate and gaseous fluorides. The subjects were 253 North American Indian children 11 to 17 yr of age living on the Akwasasne reserve, which is adjacent to an aluminum smelter. Among boys, closing volume (CV/VC%) was increased in those raised closest to the smelter as opposed to those having lived most of their lives farthest from this source of air pollution. In both sexes, there was a significant linear relationship between increasing CV/VC% and the amount of fluoride contained in a spot urine sample. We conclude that exposure to fluoride air pollution in the community may be associated with abnormalities in small airways. The implication of these abnormalities for future respiratory health is unknown.

Ernst, P.; Thomas, D.; Becklake, M.R.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Comments on Rainfall and Climate Variation over a Sloping New Mexico Plateau during the North American Monsoon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nevada, and one near the IdahoWyoming border. These low pressure areas moved outward from these centers during the evening as the daytime circulation transitioned to a nighttime one. Reiter and Tang (1985) noted that the farther areas were from one...292 VOLUME 11J O U R N A L O F C L I M A T E q 1998 American Meteorological Society Comments on Rainfall and Climate Variation over a Sloping New Mexico Plateau during the North American Monsoon DONNA F. TUCKER Department of Physics...

Tucker, Donna F.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

THE NORTH AMERICAN AND PELICAN NEBULAE. II. MIPS OBSERVATIONS AND ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present observations of {approx}7 deg{sup 2} of the North American and Pelican Nebulae region at 24, 70, and 160 {mu}m with the Spitzer Space Telescope Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS). We incorporate the MIPS observations with earlier Spitzer Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) observations, as well as archival near-infrared (IR) and optical data. We use the MIPS data to identify 1286 young stellar object (YSO) candidates. IRAC data alone can identify 806 more YSO candidates, for a total of 2076 YSO candidates. Prior to the Spitzer observations, there were only {approx}200 YSOs known in this region. Three subregions within the complex are highlighted as clusters: the Gulf of Mexico, the Pelican, and the Pelican's Hat. The Gulf of Mexico cluster is subject to the highest extinction (A{sub V} at least {approx}30) and has the widest range of infrared colors of the three clusters, including the largest excesses and by far the most point-source detections at 70 {mu}m. Just 3% of the cluster members were previously identified; we have redefined this cluster as about 10-100 times larger (in projected area) than was previously realized.

Rebull, L. M.; Stauffer, J. R.; Noriega-Crespo, A.; Carey, S. J.; Padgett, D. L. [Spitzer Science Center/Caltech, M/S 220-6, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Guieu, S. [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago (Chile); Hillenbrand, L. A.; Carpenter, J. M. [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Stapelfeldt, K. R. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, MS 183-900, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Cole, D. M. [Raytheon, Pasadena, CA (United States); Strom, S. E.; Wolff, S. C., E-mail: luisa.rebull@jpl.nasa.gov [NOAO, Tucson, AZ (United States)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Council on East Asian Libraries Statistics 2006-2007 For North American Institutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.arl.org/bm~doc/07ssurvey_final.pdf> Holdings of East Asian Materials of North American Institutions as of June 30, T o t a l Vol u m e s in Lib r a r y I n s t i t u t io n s JP N K OR N- CJ K TOTA LCHN JPN K OR N-CJ K TOTALCHN J PN KOR N-CJK TO TA LCHN JPN K OR N... 12865 210 0 1 7 5 5 0 16 , 720 B ri g h a m Youn g 5 0 042 15088 8 19 9 0 73 , 329 2089 3 33 453 0 2,875 0 0 0 0 0 208 9 3 3 3 453 0 2,875 52131 1 5421 8652 0 76,204 Britis h Columb i a 295242 148352 24913 761 6 3 544,07 0 4811 4797 455 0 1 0 , 0 6 3 0 0...

Doll, Vickie; Hsu, Calvin; Simpson, Fung-yin Kuo

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

LIMITS ON THE STOCHASTIC GRAVITATIONAL WAVE BACKGROUND FROM THE NORTH AMERICAN NANOHERTZ OBSERVATORY FOR GRAVITATIONAL WAVES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an analysis of high-precision pulsar timing data taken as part of the North American Nanohertz Observatory for Gravitational Waves (NANOGrav) project. We have observed 17 pulsars for a span of roughly five years using the Green Bank and Arecibo radio telescopes. We analyze these data using standard pulsar timing models, with the addition of time-variable dispersion measure and frequency-variable pulse shape terms. Sub-microsecond timing residuals are obtained in nearly all cases, and the best rms timing residuals in this set are {approx}30-50 ns. We present methods for analyzing post-fit timing residuals for the presence of a gravitational wave signal with a specified spectral shape. These optimally take into account the timing fluctuation power removed by the model fit, and can be applied to either data from a single pulsar, or to a set of pulsars to detect a correlated signal. We apply these methods to our data set to set an upper limit on the strength of the nHz-frequency stochastic supermassive black hole gravitational wave background of h{sub c} (1 yr{sup -1}) < 7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -15} (95%). This result is dominated by the timing of the two best pulsars in the set, PSRs J1713+0747 and J1909-3744.

Demorest, P. B.; Ransom, S. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States)] [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Ferdman, R. D.; Kaspi, V. M. [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 rue Universite, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada)] [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 rue Universite, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Gonzalez, M. E.; Stairs, I. H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Nice, D. [Department of Physics, Lafayette College, Easton, PA 18042 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Lafayette College, Easton, PA 18042 (United States); Arzoumanian, Z. [Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology and X-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology and X-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Brazier, A.; Cordes, J. M. [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Burke-Spolaor, S.; Lazio, J. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91106 (United States)] [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91106 (United States); Chamberlin, S. J.; Ellis, J.; Giampanis, S. [Center for Gravitation, Cosmology and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201 (United States)] [Center for Gravitation, Cosmology and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201 (United States); Finn, L. S. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Freire, P. [Max-Planck-Institut fur Radioastronomie, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut fur Radioastronomie, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Jenet, F. [Center for Gravitational Wave Astronomy, University of Texas at Brownsville, Brownsville, TX 78520 (United States)] [Center for Gravitational Wave Astronomy, University of Texas at Brownsville, Brownsville, TX 78520 (United States); Lommen, A. N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Franklin and Marshall College, P.O. Box 3003, Lancaster, PA 17604 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Franklin and Marshall College, P.O. Box 3003, Lancaster, PA 17604 (United States); McLaughlin, M. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, P.O. Box 6315, Morgantown, WV 26505 (United States)] [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, P.O. Box 6315, Morgantown, WV 26505 (United States); and others

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

73

Refined blowups.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Categorical resolution of singularities has been constructed in arXiv:1212.6170. It proceeds by alternating two steps of seemingly different nature. We show how to use the formalism of filtered derived categories to combine the two steps into one. This results in a certain rather natural categorical refinement of the usual blowup of an algebraic variety in a closed subscheme.

D. Kaledin; A. Kuznetsov

74

North American Journal of Fisheries Management 25:251255, 2005 [Article]Copyright by the American Fisheries Society 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

walleye mortality (Hoff- man et al. 1996; Flammang 1998). Other factors (e.g., wind and wave conditions]Copyright by the American Fisheries Society 2005 DOI: 10.1577/M04-106.1 Delayed Mortality of Tournament-Caught Walleyes.--We quantified the delayed mortality of walleyes Sander vitreus during three tourna- ments (April­June 2003

75

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual north american Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Kansas Collection: Chemistry 3 CURRICULUM VITAE Christopher K. Beachy Summary: North Dakota INBRE Annual Symposium for...

76

Bootstrapping a Sustainable North American PEM Fuel Cell Industry: Could a Federal Acquisition Program Make a Difference?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The North American Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell industry may be at a critical juncture. A large-scale market for automotive fuel cells appears to be several years away and in any case will require a long-term, coordinated commitment by government and industry to insure the co-evolution of hydrogen infrastructure and fuel cell vehicles (Greene et al., 2008). The market for non-automotive PEM fuel cells, on the other hand, may be much closer to commercial viability (Stone, 2006). Cost targets are less demanding and manufacturers appear to be close, perhaps within a factor of two, of meeting them. Hydrogen supply is a significant obstacle to market acceptance but may not be as great a barrier as it is for hydrogen-powered vehicles due to the smaller quantities of hydrogen required. PEM fuel cells appear to be potentially competitive in two markets: (1) Backup power (BuP) supply, and (2) electrically-powered MHE (Mahadevan et al., 2007a, 2007b). There are several Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) of PEM fuel cell systems for these applications but production levels have been quite low (on the order of 100-200 per year) and cumulative production experience is also limited (on the order of 1,000 units to date). As a consequence, costs remain above target levels and PEM fuel cell OEMs are not yet competitive in these markets. If cost targets can be reached and acceptable solutions to hydrogen supply found, a sustainable North American PEM fuel cell industry could be established. If not, the industry and its North American supply chain could disappear within a year or two. The Hydrogen Fuel Cell and Infrastructure Technologies (HFCIT) program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) requested a rapid assessment of the potential for a government acquisition program to bootstrap the market for non-automotive PEM fuel cells by driving down costs via economies of scale and learning-by-doing. The six week study included in-depth interviews of three manufacturers, visits to two production facilities, review of the literature on potential markets in North America and potential federal government procurements, development of a cost model reflecting economies of scale and learning-by-doing, and estimation of the impact of federal PEM fuel cell procurements on fuel cell system costs and the evolution of private market demand. This report presents the findings of that study. Section 2 outlines the status of the industry and describes potential markets based on interviews of manufacturers and the existing literature. Section 3 describes the modeling methodology including key premises and assumptions, and presents estimates of market evolution under four scenarios: (1) Base Case with no federal government procurement program, (2) Scenario 1, an aggressive program beginning with less than 200 units procured in 2008 ramping up to more than 2,000 units in 2012, (3) Scenario 2 which is identical to Scenario 1 except that the private market is assumed to be twice as sensitive to price, and (4) Scenario 3, a delayed, smaller federal procurement program beginning in 2011 increasing to a maximum of just over 1,000 units per year in 2012. The analysis suggests that the aggressive program of Scenario 1 would likely stimulate a sustainable, competitive North American non-automotive PEM fuel cell industry. Given plausible assumptions about learning rates and scale economies, the procurements assumed in Scenario 1 appear to be sufficient to drive down costs to target levels. These findings are conditional on the evolution of acceptable hydrogen supply strategies, which were not explicitly analyzed in this study. Success is less certain under Scenarios 2 and 3, and there appears to be a strong probability that existing OEMs would not survive until 2011. In the Base Case, no program, a viable North American industry does not emerge before 2020.

Greene, David L [ORNL; Duleep, Dr. K. G. [Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., an ICF Company

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Rietveld Refinement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 Resource Program September Department ofRiehle. DorothyRefinement

78

North American Central Plains conductivity anomaly within the Trans-Hudson orogen in northern Saskatchewan, Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saskatchewan, Canada Alan G. Jones } James A. Craven Geological Survey of Canada, 1 Observatory Crescent Magnetotelluric data acquired across the Paleoproterozoic Trans-Hudson orogen, north- ern Saskatchewan, image one

Jones, Alan G.

79

"American manufacturers are a cornerstone of the American economy and embody the best in American values. They enhance U.S. competitiveness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"American manufacturers are a cornerstone of the American economy and embody the best in American...................................................................... 27 Phase Four: Testing and Refinement ........................................................ 27

80

A model-data intercomparison of CO2 exchange across North America: Results from the North American Carbon Program Site Synthesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our current understanding of terrestrial carbon processes is represented in various models used to integrate and scale measurements of CO{sub 2} exchange from remote sensing and other spatiotemporal data. Yet assessments are rarely conducted to determine how well models simulate carbon processes across vegetation types and environmental conditions. Using standardized data from the North American Carbon Program we compare observed and simulated monthly CO{sub 2} exchange from 44 eddy covariance flux towers in North America and 22 terrestrial biosphere models. The analysis period spans {approx}220 site-years, 10 biomes, and includes two large-scale drought events, providing a natural experiment to evaluate model skill as a function of drought and seasonality. We evaluate models' ability to simulate the seasonal cycle of CO{sub 2} exchange using multiple model skill metrics and analyze links between model characteristics, site history, and model skill. Overall model performance was poor; the difference between observations and simulations was {approx}10 times observational uncertainty, with forested ecosystems better predicted than nonforested. Model-data agreement was highest in summer and in temperate evergreen forests. In contrast, model performance declined in spring and fall, especially in ecosystems with large deciduous components, and in dry periods during the growing season. Models used across multiple biomes and sites, the mean model ensemble, and a model using assimilated parameter values showed high consistency with observations. Models with the highest skill across all biomes all used prescribed canopy phenology, calculated NEE as the difference between GPP and ecosystem respiration, and did not use a daily time step.

Schwalm, C.R.; Williams, C.A.; Schaefer, K.; Anderson, R.; Arain, M.A.; Baker, I.; Black, T.A.; Chen, G.; Ciais, P.; Davis, K. J.; Desai, A. R.; Dietze, M.; Dragoni, D.; Fischer, M.L.; Flanagan, L.B.; Grant, R.F.; Gu, L.; Hollinger, D.; Izaurralde, R.C.; Kucharik, C.; Lafleur, P.M.; Law, B.E.; Li, L.; Li, Z.; Liu, S.; Lokupitiya, E.; Luo, Y.; Ma, S.; Margolis, H.; Matamala, R.; McCaughey, H.; Monson, R. K.; Oechel, W. C.; Peng, C.; Poulter, B.; Price, D.T.; Riciutto, D.M.; Riley, W.J.; Sahoo, A.K.; Sprintsin, M.; Sun, J.; Tian, H.; Tonitto, C.; Verbeeck, H.; Verma, S.B.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Establishing Public Policy as a Primary Cause of Engineering Failure: Did Market Deregulation Lead to the North American `Blackout', August 14th 2003?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to their power supplies. Losses have been estimated between $5-10 billion. It is, therefore, one of the most wide governmental and regulatory intervention, which led to problems in the operation of the energy market deregulation; electricity distribution. 1. Introduction The North American electricity network brings together

Williamson, John

82

Proceedings of the 17th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference May 18-20, 2009, Chantilly, Virginia, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WASTE (MSW) GASIFICATION UNDER VARIOUS PRESSURES AND CO2 CONCENTRATION ATMOSPHERES Eilhann Kwon, Kelly J, New York, NY 10027 ABSTRACT The Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) gasification process is a promisingProceedings of the 17th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference NAWTEC17 May 18-20, 2009

Columbia University

83

fCourse: Learn to Swim Level 5: Stroke Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fCourse: Learn to Swim Level 5: Stroke Refinement Purpose To further learn how to coordinate and refine strokes Prerequisites Valid American Red Cross Learn-to-Swim Level 4: Fundamental Aquatic Skills, but not required) Course: Learn to Swim Level 5: Stroke Refinement #12;

Hemmers, Oliver

84

North American Overview - Heat Pumps Role in Buildings Energy Efficiency Improvement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brief overview of the situation in North America regarding buildings energy use and the current and projected heat pump market is presented. R&D and deployment strategies for heat pumps, and the impacts of the housing market and efficiency regulations on the heating and cooling equipment market are summarized as well.

Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Bouza, Antonio [U.S. Department of Energy; Gigure, Daniel [Natural Resources Canada; Hosatte, Sophie [Natural Resources Canada

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Refined Hopf Link Revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We establish a relation between the refined Hopf link invariant and the S-matrix of the refined Chern-Simons theory. We show that the refined open string partition function corresponding to the Hopf link, calculated using the refined topological vertex, when expressed in the basis of Macdonald polynomials gives the S-matrix of the refined Chern-Simons theory.

Amer Iqbal; Can Kozaz

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

86

North American Energy Ministers Take Further Action on Energy Security and  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISOMeeting North

87

Climate Change Projections of the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate major results of the NARCCAP multiple regional climate model (RCM) experiments driven by multiple global climate models (GCMs) regarding climate change for seasonal temperature and precipitation over North America. We focus on two major questions: How do the RCM simulated climate changes differ from those of the parent GCMs and thus affect our perception of climate change over North America, and how important are the relative contributions of RCMs and GCMs to the uncertainty (variance explained) for different seasons and variables? The RCMs tend to produce stronger climate changes for precipitation: larger increases in the northern part of the domain in winter and greater decreases across a swath of the central part in summer, compared to the four GCMs driving the regional models as well as to the full set of CMIP3 GCM results. We pose some possible process-level mechanisms for the difference in intensity of change, particularly for summer. Detailed process-level studies will be necessary to establish mechanisms and credibility of these results. The GCMs explain more variance for winter temperature and the RCMs for summer temperature. The same is true for precipitation patterns. Thus, we recommend that future RCM-GCM experiments over this region include a balanced number of GCMs and RCMs.

Mearns, L. O.; Sain, Steve; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Bukovsky, M. S.; McGinnis, Seth; Biner, S.; Caya, Daniel; Arritt, R.; Gutowski, William; Takle, Eugene S.; Snyder, Mark A.; Jones, Richard; Nunes, A M B.; Tucker, S.; Herzmann, D.; McDaniel, Larry; Sloan, Lisa

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Biology and management of insect pests in North American intensively managed hardwood forest systems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Annu. Rev. Entomol. 50:1-29. Abstract Increasing demand for wood and wood products is putting stress on traditional forest production areas, leading to long-term economic and environmental concerns. Intensively managed hardwood forest systems (IMHFS), grown using conventional agricultural as well as forestry methods, can help alleviate potential problems in natural forest production areas. Although IMHFS can produce more biomass per hectare per year than natural forests, the ecologically simplified, monocultural systems may greatly increase the crops susceptibility to pests. Species in the genera Populus and Salix comprise the greatest acreage in IMHFS in North America, but other species, including Liquidambar styracifua and Platanus occidentalis, are also important. We discuss life histories, realized and potential damage, and management options for the most economically infuential pests that affect these hardwood species. The substantial inherent challenges associated with pest management in the monocultural environments created by IMHFS are reviewed. Finally, we discuss ways to design IMHFS that may reduce their susceptibility to pests, increase their growth and productivity potential, and create a more sustainable environment.

Coyle, David R.; Nebeker, T., E.; Hart, E., R.; Mattson, W., J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Air-Quality Data from NARSTO (North American Research Strategy for Tropospheric Ozone)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

NARSTO is a public/private partnership dedicated to improving management of air quality in North America. It was established on February 13, 1995 when representatives of Canada, the United States, and Mexico signed the NARSTO Charter in a ceremony at the White House. The Department of Energy is one of the charter members providing funding. The central programmatic goal of NARSTO is to provide data and information for use in the determination of workable, efficient, and effective strategies for local and regional ozone and fine particle management. Since its founding, NARSTO has completed three major scientific Assessments of critical air quality management issues. NARSTO maintains the Quality Systems Science Center and the NARSTO Data Archive for storing data from NARSTO Affiliated Research Activities and making these data available to the scientific community. NARSTO also facilitates activities, such as the Reactivity Research Working Group, which provide critical reviews of the state of the science in areas of interest to air quality policy makers. In January 1997, the U.S. Department of Energy's Environmental Sciences Division announced their sponsorship of the NARSTO Quality Systems Science Center (QSSC). The QSSC is located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory within the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC). Quality Assurance and Data Management assistance and guidelines are provided by the QSCC, along with access to data files. The permanent data archive is maintained by the NASA EOSDIS Distributed Active Archive Center at the Langley Research Center. The archived data can be reached by a link from the QSSC.(Specialized Interface) See also the NARSTO web site at http://www.narsto.org/

90

ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes bandwidth.pdf More Documents & Publications ITP Petroleum...

91

ITP Petroleum Refining: Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in California: California Industries of the Future Program ITP Petroleum Refining: Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in...

92

Validation of Noah-simulated Soil Temperature in the North American Land Data Assimilation System Phase 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Soil temperature can exhibit considerable memory from weather and climate signals and is among the most important initial conditions in numerical weather and climate models. Consequently, a more accurate long-term land surface soil temperature dataset is needed to improve weather and climate simulation and prediction, and is also important for the simulation of agricultural crop yield and ecological processes. The North-American Land Data Assimilation (NLDAS) Phase 2 (NLDAS-2) has generated 31-years (1979-2009) of simulated hourly soil temperature data with a spatial resolution of 1/8o. This dataset has not been comprehensively evaluated to date. Thus, the ultimate purpose of the present work is to assess Noah-simulated soil temperature for different soil depths and timescales. We used long-term (1979-2001) observed monthly mean soil temperatures from 137 cooperative stations over the United States to evaluate simulated soil temperature for three soil layers (0-10 cm, 10-40 cm, 40-100 cm) for annual and monthly timescales. We used short-term (1997-1999) observed soil temperature from 72 Oklahoma Mesonet stations to validate simulated soil temperatures for three soil layers and for daily and hourly timescales. The results showed that the Noah land surface model (Noah LSM) generally matches observed soil temperature well for different soil layers and timescales. At greater depths, the simulation skill (anomaly correlation) decreased for all time scales. The monthly mean diurnal cycle difference between simulated and observed soil temperature revealed large midnight biases in the cold season due to small downward longwave radiation and issues related to model parameters.

Xia, Youlong; Ek, Michael; Sheffield, Justin; Livneh, Ben; Huang, Maoyi; Wei, Helin; Song, Feng; Luo, Lifeng; Meng, Jesse; Wood, Eric

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

93

The North American Carbon Program Multi-scale synthesis and Terrestrial Model Intercomparison Project Part 1: Overview and experimental design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Terrestrial biosphere models (TBMs) have become an integral tool for extrapolating local observations and understanding of land-atmosphere carbon exchange to larger regions. The North American Carbon Program (NACP) Multi-scale synthesis and Terrestrial Model Intercomparison Project (MsTMIP) is a formal model intercomparison and evaluation effort focused on improving the diagnosis and attribution of carbon exchange at regional and global scales. MsTMIP builds upon current and past synthesis activities, and has a unique framework designed to isolate, interpret, and inform understanding of how model structural differences impact estimates of carbon uptake and release. Here we provide an overview of the MsTMIP effort and describe how the MsTMIP experimental design enables the assessment and quantification of TBM structural uncertainty. Model structure refers to the types of processes considered (e.g. nutrient cycling, disturbance, lateral transport of carbon), and how these processes are represented (e.g. photosynthetic formulation, temperature sensitivity, respiration) in the models. By prescribing a common experimental protocol with standard spin-up procedures and driver data sets, we isolate any biases and variability in TBM estimates of regional and global carbon budgets resulting from differences in the models themselves (i.e. model structure) and model-specific parameter values. An initial intercomparison of model structural differences is represented using hierarchical cluster diagrams (a.k.a. dendrograms), which highlight similarities and differences in how models account for carbon cycle, vegetation, energy, and nitrogen cycle dynamics. We show that, despite the standardized protocol used to derive initial conditions, models show a high degree of variation for GPP, total living biomass, and total soil carbon, underscoring the influence of differences in model structure and parameterization on model estimates.

Huntzinger, D.N. [Northern Arizona University] [Northern Arizona University; Schwalm, C. [Northern Arizona University] [Northern Arizona University; Michalak, A.M [Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford] [Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford; Schaefer, K. [National Snow and Ice Data Center] [National Snow and Ice Data Center; King, A.W. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Wei, Y. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Jacobson, A. [National Snow and Ice Data Center] [National Snow and Ice Data Center; Liu, S. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Cook, R. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Post, W.M. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Berthier, G. [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE)] [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE); Hayes, D. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Huang, M. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Ito, A. [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan] [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan; Lei, H. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Lu, C. [International Center for Climate and Global Change Research and School of Forestry and Wildlife Sci.] [International Center for Climate and Global Change Research and School of Forestry and Wildlife Sci.; Mao, J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Peng, C.H. [University of Quebec at Montreal, Institute of Environment Sciences] [University of Quebec at Montreal, Institute of Environment Sciences; Peng, S. [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE)] [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE); Poulter, B. [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE)] [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE); Riccuito, D. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Shi, X. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Tian, H. [International Center for Climate and Global Change Research and School of Forestry and Wildlife Sci.] [International Center for Climate and Global Change Research and School of Forestry and Wildlife Sci.; Wang, W. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Ames Research Center, Moffett Field] [National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Ames Research Center, Moffett Field; Zeng, N. [University of Maryland] [University of Maryland; Zhao, F. [University of Maryland] [University of Maryland; Zhu, Q. [Laboratory for Ecological Forecasting and Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University] [Laboratory for Ecological Forecasting and Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Spectral-element adaptive refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spectral-element adaptive refinement magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the island coalescence;Abstract A recently developed spectral-element adaptive refinement incompressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD statically refined and dynamically refined grids. The island coalescence instability is a fundamental MHD

Ng, Chung-Sang

95

North American PHEV Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 112 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 72 Total number of trips 973 Total distance traveled (mi) 12,099...

96

North American PHEV Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

12 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 75 Total number of trips 1,394 Total distance traveled (mi) 18,639 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode Gasoline fuel...

97

North American PHEV Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

period: September 2010 Number of vehicle days driven: 324 All Trips Combined Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 38 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 88...

98

North American PHEV Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

period: August 2010 Number of vehicle days driven: 349 All Trips Combined Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 42 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 123...

99

North American PHEV Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

period: June 2010 Number of vehicle days driven: 361 All Trips Combined Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 37 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 90...

100

North American PHEV Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

period: May 2010 Number of vehicle days driven: 371 All Trips Combined Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 40 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 93...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

North American PHEV Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

period: January 2010 Number of vehicle days driven: 247 All Trips Combined Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 103...

102

North American PHEV Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

period: July 2010 Number of vehicle days driven: 294 All Trips Combined Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 36 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 98...

103

North American PHEV Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

period: March 2010 Number of vehicle days driven: 336 All Trips Combined Overall gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 40 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 136...

104

The Refined Topological Vertex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We define a refined topological vertex which depends in addition on a parameter, which physically corresponds to extending the self-dual graviphoton field strength to a more general configuration. Using this refined topological vertex we compute, using geometric engineering, a two-parameter (equivariant) instanton expansion of gauge theories which reproduce the results of Nekrasov. The refined vertex is also expected to be related to Khovanov knot invariants.

Amer Iqbal; Can Kozcaz; Cumrun Vafa

2009-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

105

Biocatalysis in Oil Refining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biocatalysis in Oil Refining focuses on petroleum refining bioprocesses, establishing a connection between science and technology. The micro organisms and biomolecules examined for biocatalytic purposes for oil refining processes are thoroughly detailed. Terminology used by biologists, chemists and engineers is brought into a common language, aiding the understanding of complex biological-chemical-engineering issues. Problems to be addressed by the future R&D activities and by new technologies are described and summarized in the last chapter.

Borole, Abhijeet P [ORNL; Ramirez-Corredores, M. M. [BP Global Fuels Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Circulation of North American epicontinental seas during the Carboniferous using stable isotope and trace element analyses of brachiopod shells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of North America. These units include the Grove Church and Mattoon Formations (Illinois Basin), Glenshaw Formation (Appalachian Basin), Bird Spring Formation (Bird Spring Basin), and Oread Formation (US midcontinent). In all, 98 brachiopod shells were found...

Flake, Ryan Christopher

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

107

Renewable Energy Project Refinement Webinar  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Attendees will become familiar with the three components of project refinement: project financing strategies, off-taker agreements, and vendor selection. Project refinement obstacles, particularly...

108

NAPS 2003, 35th North American Power Symposium, University of Missouri-Rolla in Rolla, Missouri, October 20-21, 2003. pp. 559-566. Abstract--Security of supply has been always a key factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a terrorist attack to some key power plants or transmission lines. Since September 11, 2001 the threat three kinds of threats over society: a) Attacks upon the power system. Here the target is the electricNAPS 2003, 35th North American Power Symposium, University of Missouri-Rolla in Rolla, Missouri

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Catlica de Chile)

109

Characterization of selected Ohio coals to predict their conversion behavior relative to 104 North American Coals. [Factors correlating with liquefaction behavior  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Twenty-six coal samples from Ohio were collected as washed and seam samples, and lithobodies within the seams. Characterization of these samples included determination of % maceral, % anti R/sub max/, LTA, chlorine content and proximate/ultimate and qualitative mineral analyses. These data were compared to data from a similar project by Yarzab, R.F., et al., 1980 completed at Pennsylvania State University using tetralin as the hydrogen donor solvent. The characteristics of these coals were correlated with liquefaction conversion and other data accrued on 104 North American coals by statistical analyses. Utilizing percent carbon, sulfur, volatile matter, reflectance, vitrinite and total reactive macerals, Q-mode cluster analysis demonstrated that Ohio coals are more similar to the coals of the Interior province than to those of the Appalachian province. Linear multiple regression analysis for the 104 North American coals provided a prediction equation for conversion (R = .96). The predicted conversion values for the samples range from 58.8 to 79.6%, with the Lower Kittanning (No. 5) and the Middle Kittanning (No. 6) coal seams showing the highest predicted percent conversion (respectively, 73.4 and 72.2%). The moderately low FSI values for the No. 5 and No. 6 coals (respectively, 2.5 and 3) and their moderately high alkaline earth content (respectively, 0.69 and 0.74%) suggest that these coals possess the best overall properties for conversion. Stepwise regression has indicated that the most important coal characteristics affecting conversion are, in decreasing order of importance: % volatile matter, % vitrinite and % total sulfur. Conversion processes can be expected to produce higher yields with Ohio coals due to the presence of such mineral catalysts as pyrite and kaolinite. It is believed that the presence of these disposable catalysts increases the marketability of Ohio coals.

Whitacre, T. P.; Hunt, T. J.; Kneller, W. A.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

E-Print Network 3.0 - american beaver castor Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 Do introduced North American beavers Castor canadensis engineer differently in southern South America? An overview Summary: Do introduced North American beavers Castor canadensis...

111

Refiners get petchems help  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S.Refining Industry is facing hard times. Slow growth, tough environmental regulations, and fierce competition - especially in retail gasoline - have squeezed margins and prompted a series of mergers and acquisitions. The trend has affected the smallest and largest players, and a series of transactions over the past two years has created a new industry lineup. Among the larger companies, Mobil and Amoco are the latest to consider a refining merger. That follows recent plans by Ashland and Marathon to merge their refining businesses, and the decision by Shell, Texaco, and Saudi Aramco to combine some U.S. operations. Many of the leading independent refiners have increased their scale by acquiring refinery capacity. With refining still in the doldrums, more independents are taking a closer look at boosting production of petrochemicals, which offer high growth and, usually, better margins. That is being helped by the shift to refinery processes that favor the increased production of light olefins for alkylation and the removal of aromatics, providing opportunity to extract these materials for the petrochemical market. 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Wood, A.; Cornitius, T.

1997-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

112

Refining threshold resummations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe some recent refinements of the techniques of threshold resummation, with emphasis on the usefulness of dimensional regularization when applied to nonabelian exponentiation. Threshold resummation is now under theoretical control for DIS and electroweak annihilation cross sections all the way to the fourth tower of logarithms and up to corrections suppressed by powers of the threshold variable.

Eric Laenen; Lorenzo Magnea

2006-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

113

Issues in adaptive mesh refinement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an approach for a patch-based adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) for multi-physics simulations. The approach consists of clustering, symmetry preserving, mesh continuity, flux correction, communications, and management of patches. Among the special features of this patch-based AMR are symmetry preserving, efficiency of refinement, special implementation offlux correction, and patch management in parallel computing environments. Here, higher efficiency of refinement means less unnecessarily refined cells for a given set of cells to be refined. To demonstrate the capability of the AMR framework, hydrodynamics simulations with many levels of refinement are shown in both two- and three-dimensions.

Dai, William Wenlong [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult native americans Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Edward D. Castillo California Indian Culture and History, American Indian Religion & Philosophy, Native... American Education and North American History Gregory ... Source:...

115

FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT AMERICAN RECOVERY AND REINVESTMENT ACT NORTH FORK SKOKOMISH POWERHOUSE AT CUSHMAN NO. 2 DAM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to add generating capacity on an in-stream flow release at Tacoma Power's Cushman hydroelectric project, Cushman No. 2 Dam, FERC Project P-460. The flow that is being used to generate additional electricity was being discharged from a valve at the base of the dam without recovery of the energy. A second objective to the project was to incorporate upstream fish passage by use of a fish collection structure attached to the draft tubes of the hydroelectric units. This will enable reintroduction of native anadromous fish above the dams which have blocked fish passage since the late 1920's. The project was funded in part by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act through the Department of Energy, Office of Energy, Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Wind and Water Power Program.

Fischer, Steve; Wilson, Matthew

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

116

A Theory of Program Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a canonical program refinement calculus based on the lambda calculus and classical first-order predicate logic, and study its proof theory and semantics. The intention is to construct a metalanguage for refinement in which basic principles...

Denney, Ewen WKC

117

Refining the Elliptic Genus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how special forms of an $N=2$ Landau-Ginzburg potential directly imply the presence of an $N=2$ super-$W$ algebra. If the Landau-Ginzburg model has a super-$W$ algebra, we show how the elliptic genus can be refined so as to give much more complete information about the structure of the model. We study the super-$W_3$ model in some detail, and present some results and conjectures about more general models.

D. Nemeschansky; N. P. Warner

1994-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

118

Kenney: The USSOCOM Trinity The USSOCOM Trinity: Refining Special Operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was that the American military would plan, train, and equip to conduct major combat operations on opposite sidesKenney: The USSOCOM Trinity 1 The USSOCOM Trinity: Refining Special Operations Commitment to 21st on the United States Special Operations Command and recommends means and methods to capitalize on current

119

HISTORICAL AMERICAN ENGINEERING RECORD - IDAHO NATIONAL ENGINEERING AND ENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORY, TEST AREA NORTH, HAER NO. ID-33-E  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Test Area North (TAN) was a site of the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion (ANP) Project of the U.S. Air Force and the Atomic Energy Commission. Its Cold War mission was to develop a turbojet bomber propelled by nuclear power. The project was part of an arms race. Test activities took place in five areas at TAN. The Assembly & Maintenance area was a shop and hot cell complex. Nuclear tests ran at the Initial Engine Test area. Low-power test reactors operated at a third cluster. The fourth area was for Administration. A Flight Engine Test facility (hangar) was built to house the anticipated nuclear-powered aircraft. Experiments between 1955-1961 proved that a nuclear reactor could power a jet engine, but President John F. Kennedy canceled the project in March 1961. ANP facilities were adapted for new reactor projects, the most important of which were Loss of Fluid Tests (LOFT), part of an international safety program for commercial power reactors. Other projects included NASA's Systems for Nuclear Auxiliary Power and storage of Three Mile Island meltdown debris. National missions for TAN in reactor research and safety research have expired; demolition of historic TAN buildings is underway.

Susan Stacy; Hollie K. Gilbert

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Refines Efficiency Improvement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Refinery processes that convert heavy oils to lighter distillate fuels require heating for distillation, hydrogen addition or carbon rejection (coking). Efficiency is limited by the formation of insoluble carbon-rich coke deposits. Heat exchangers and other refinery units must be shut down for mechanical coke removal, resulting in a significant loss of output and revenue. When a residuum is heated above the temperature at which pyrolysis occurs (340 C, 650 F), there is typically an induction period before coke formation begins (Magaril and Aksenova 1968, Wiehe 1993). To avoid fouling, refiners often stop heating a residuum before coke formation begins, using arbitrary criteria. In many cases, this heating is stopped sooner than need be, resulting in less than maximum product yield. Western Research Institute (WRI) has developed innovative Coking Index concepts (patent pending) which can be used for process control by refiners to heat residua to the threshold, but not beyond the point at which coke formation begins when petroleum residua materials are heated at pyrolysis temperatures (Schabron et al. 2001). The development of this universal predictor solves a long standing problem in petroleum refining. These Coking Indexes have great potential value in improving the efficiency of distillation processes. The Coking Indexes were found to apply to residua in a universal manner, and the theoretical basis for the indexes has been established (Schabron et al. 2001a, 2001b, 2001c). For the first time, a few simple measurements indicates how close undesired coke formation is on the coke formation induction time line. The Coking Indexes can lead to new process controls that can improve refinery distillation efficiency by several percentage points. Petroleum residua consist of an ordered continuum of solvated polar materials usually referred to as asphaltenes dispersed in a lower polarity solvent phase held together by intermediate polarity materials usually referred to as resins. The Coking Indexes focus on the amount of these intermediate polarity species since coke formation begins when these are depleted. Currently the Coking Indexes are determined by either titration or solubility measurements which must be performed in a laboratory. In the current work, various spectral, microscopic, and thermal techniques possibly leading to on-line analysis were explored for measuring the Coking Indexes.

WRI

2002-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Refining thick subcategory theorems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use a $K$-theory recipe of Thomason to obtain classifications of triangulated subcategories via refining some standard thick subcategory theorems. We apply this recipe to the full subcategories of finite objects in the derived categories of rings and the stable homotopy category of spectra. This gives, in the derived categories, a complete classification of the triangulated subcategories of perfect complexes over some commutative rings. In the stable homotoy category of spectra we obtain only a partial classification of the triangulated subcategories of the finite $p$-local spectra. We use this partial classification to study the lattice of triangulated subcategories. This study gives some new evidence to a conjecture of Adams that the thick subcategory $\\C_2$ can be generated by iterated cofiberings of the Smith-Toda complex. We also discuss several consequences of these classification theorems.

Sunil K. Chebolu.

122

Modern refining and petrochemical equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum refining and petroleum chemistry are characterized by a whole set of manufacturing processes and methods, whose application depends on the initial raw material and the final products. Therefore, refining and petrochemical equipment has many different operational principles, design solutions, and materials. The activities of the Russian Petroleum Industry are discussed.

Pugach, V.V.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

A field study evaluation of short-term refined Gaussian dispersion models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A tracer study was conducted at the Duke Forest Site in Chapel Hill, North Carolina in January, 1995 to evaluate the ability of three short-term refined Gaussian dispersion models to predict the fate of volume source emissions under field study conditions. Study participants included the American Petroleum Institute (API), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the US Department of Energy (DOE), the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), and private consulting firms. The models evaluated were Industrial Source Complex--Short Term versions 2 and 3 (ISC2, ISC3) and the American Meteorological Society (AMS) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Regulatory Model Improvement Committee (AERMIC) model, AERMOD. All three models are based on the steady-state Gaussian plume dispersion equation, which predicts concentrations at downwind receptor locations when integrated over the distance between the source and receptor. Chemicals were released at known rates and measurements were taken at various points in the study field using Tedlar bag point sampling and open-path Fourier Transform infrared (OP-FTIR) monitoring. The study found that ISC and AERMOD underpredicted the measured concentrations for each dataset collected in the field study. ISC and AERMOD each underpredicted the OPFTIR dataset by a factor of approximately 1.6. ISC underpredicted the Tedlar{reg_sign} dataset by approximately 2.1, while AERMOD underpredicted by a factor of approximately 2.6. Regardless of source configuration or measurement technique used, under-prediction with respect to the measured concentration was consistently observed. This indicates that safety factors or other corrections may be necessary in predicting contaminant concentrations over the distances examined in this study, i.e., in the near field of less than 200 meters.

Piper, A.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

124

Sensitivity of North American agriculture to ENSO-based climate scenarios and their socio-economic consequences: Modeling in an integrated assessment framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A group of Canadian, US and Mexican natural resource specialists, organized by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) under its North American Energy, Environment and Economy (NA3E) Program, has applied a simulation modeling approach to estimating the impact of ENSO-driven climatic variations on the productivity of major crops grown in the three countries. Methodological development is described and results of the simulations presented in this report. EPIC (the Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator) was the agro-ecosystem model selected-for this study. EPIC uses a daily time step to simulate crop growth and yield, water use, runoff and soil erosion among other variables. The model was applied to a set of so-called representative farms parameterized through a specially-assembled Geographic Information System (GIS) to reflect the soils, topography, crop management and weather typical of the regions represented. Fifty one representative farms were developed for Canada, 66 for the US and 23 for Mexico. El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) scenarios for the EPIC simulations were created using the historic record of sea-surface temperature (SST) prevailing in the eastern tropical Pacific for the period October 1--September 30. Each year between 1960 and 1989 was thus assigned to an ENSO category or state. The ENSO states were defined as El Nino (EN, SST warmer than the long-term mean), Strong El Nino (SEN, much warmer), El Viejo (EV, cooler) and Neutral (within {+-}0.5 C of the long-term mean). Monthly means of temperature and precipitation were then calculated at each farm for the period 1960--1989 and the differences (or anomalies) between the means in Neutral years and EN, SEN and EV years determined. The average monthly anomalies for each ENSO state were then used to create new monthly statistics for each farm and ENSO-state combination. The adjusted monthly statistics characteristic of each ENSO state were then used to drive a stochastic-weather simulator that provided 30 years of daily-weather data needed to run EPIC. Maps and tables of the climate anomalies by farm show climatic conditions that differ considerably by region, season and ENSO state.

Rosenberg, N.J.; Izaurralde, R.C.; Brown, R.A.; Sands, R.D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Legler, D. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States). Center for Ocean Atmosphere Prediction Studies; Srinivasan, R. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Blacklands Research Center; Tiscareno-Lopez, M.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

North Richmond: An American Story  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the west, the largest oil refinery on the west coast spewsresidents, but noted that Refineries are heavily regulated,mean that Chevrons refinery emits far lower emissions than

rogers, robert h

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Polish - American Heritage, Italian - American Heritage, German...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Polish - American Heritage, Italian - American Heritage, German - American Heritage Months Polish - American Heritage, Italian - American Heritage, German - American Heritage...

127

Refinement of Inequalities among Means  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we shall consider some famous means such as arithmetic, harmonic, geometric, root-square means, etc. Some new means recently studied are also presented. Different kinds of refinement of inequalities among these means are given.

Inder Jeet Taneja

2005-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

128

Generic refinements for behavioral specifications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates the properties of generic refinements of behavioral specifications. At the base of this investigation stands the view from algebraic specification that abstract data types can be modeled as ...

Petria, Marius

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Model Refinement for Economic Assessments of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model Refinement for Economic Assessments of Hawai`i Clean Energy Policies: Scenario Selection agency thereof. #12;Model Refinement for Economic Assessments of Hawaii Clean Energy Policies Selection

130

NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE The Northeast region of the U.S. is particularly vulnerable to gasoline...

131

Refining the shifted topological vertex  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study aspects of the refining and shifting properties of the 3d MacMahon function C{sub 3}(q) used in topological string theory and BKP hierarchy. We derive the explicit expressions of the shifted topological vertex S{sub {lambda}}{sub {mu}}{sub {nu}}(q) and its refined version T{sub {lambda}}{sub {mu}}{sub {nu}}(q,t). These vertices complete results in literature.

Drissi, L. B.; Jehjouh, H.; Saidi, E. H. [Faculte des Sciences, Laboratory/UFR-Physique des Hautes Energies, Rabat, 1014 (Morocco); Groupement National de Physique des Hautes Energies (GNPHE), Siege focal:FS, Rabat, 1014 (Morocco)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

132

E-Print Network 3.0 - american sturgeon pioneers Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: american sturgeon pioneers Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Green Sturgeon General Questions & Answers North American green sturgeon Summary: Green...

133

DSm Vector Spaces of Refined Labels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this book the authors introduce the notion of DSm vector spaces of refined labels. They also realize the refined labels as a plane and a n-dimensional space. Further, using these refined labels, several algebraic structures are defined. Finally DSm semivector space or refined labels is described. Authors also propose some research problems.

W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

134

E-Print Network 3.0 - american biotic interchange Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

North... the Great American Interchange permitted the mixing of species between North and South America that formerly... the processes of biotic homogenization and biotic ......

135

E-Print Network 3.0 - african-american men major Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

African-American families own Source: North Carolina State University, North Carolina Solar Center Collection: Renewable Energy ; Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 71 An...

136

Conformal refinement of unstructured quadrilateral meshes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a multilevel adaptive refinement technique for unstructured quadrilateral meshes in which the mesh is kept conformal at all times. This means that the refined mesh, like the original, is formed of only quadrilateral elements that intersect strictly along edges or at vertices, i.e., vertices of one quadrilateral element do not lie in an edge of another quadrilateral. Elements are refined using templates based on 1:3 refinement of edges. We demonstrate that by careful design of the refinement and coarsening strategy, we can maintain high quality elements in the refined mesh. We demonstrate the method on a number of examples with dynamically changing refinement regions.

Garmella, Rao [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Romanian refining industry assesses restructuring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Romanian crude oil refining industry, as all the other economic sectors, faces the problems accompanying the transition from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. At present, all refineries have registered as joint-stock companies and all are coordinated and assisted by Rafirom S.A., from both a legal and a production point of view. Rafirom S.A. is a joint-stock company that holds shares in refineries and other stock companies with activities related to oil refining. Such activities include technological research, development, design, transportation, storage, and domestic and foreign marketing. This article outlines the market forces that are expected to: drive rationalization and restructuring of refining operations and define the targets toward which the reconfigured refineries should strive.

Tanasescu, D.G. (General Consulting and Procurement, Poolgec Ltd., Bucharest (RO))

1991-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

138

Assembling, analyzing, refining, and cataloging molecular interaction network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASSEMBLING, ANALYZING, REFINING, AND CATALOGING MOLECULARASSEMBLING, ANALYZING, REFINING, AND CATALOGING MOLECULAR

Mak, Huajiang Craig

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Executive functions in schizophrenia : defining and refining the constructs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schizophrenia: Defining and Refining the Constructs By Gauriin Schizophrenia: Defining and Refining the Constructs A

Savla, Gauri Nayak

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

TreeRefiner: A Tool for Refining a Multiple Alignment on a Phylogenetic Tree  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TreeRefiner: A Tool for Refining a Multiple Alignment on a Phylogenetic Tree Aswath Manohar@cs.stanford.edu, serafim@cs.stanford.edu Abstract We present TreeRefiner, a tool for refining multiple alignments of biological sequences. Given a multiple alignment, a phylogenetic tree, and scoring parameters as input, TreeRefiner

Batzoglou, Serafim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The 2004 Geothermal Map Of North America Explanation Of Resources...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in 1992 by the Geological Society of America (GSA). The American Association of Petroleum Geologist (AAPG) is publishing the 2004 Geothermal Map of North America (Blackwell...

142

Method for refining contaminated iridium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Contaminated iridium is refined by alloying it with an alloying agent selected from the group consisting of manganese and an alloy of manganese and copper, and then dissolving the alloying agent from the formed alloy to provide a purified iridium powder.

Heshmatpour, B.; Heestand, R.L.

1982-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

143

Method for refining contaminated iridium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Contaminated iridium is refined by alloying it with an alloying agent selected from the group consisting of manganese and an alloy of manganese and copper, and then dissolving the alloying agent from the formed alloy to provide a purified iridium powder.

Heshmatpour, Bahman (Waltham, MA); Heestand, Richard L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Refining the Shifted Topological Vertex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study aspects of the refining and shifting properties of the 3d MacMahon function $\\mathcal{C}_{3}(q) $ used in topological string theory and BKP hierarchy. We derive the explicit expressions of the shifted topological vertex $\\mathcal{S}_{\\lambda \\mu \

Lalla Btissam Drissi; Houda Jehjouh; El Hassan Saidi

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

145

Batterbury, S.P.J. 2008. Tenure or permanent contracts in North American higher education? A critical assessment. Policy Futures in Education 6 (3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ is an increasingly scarce commodity worldwide, it is still absolutely central to the recruitment and retention and firing employees according to changing demand for their services. 2. Tenure in North America Tenure, with sufficient time for research, and adequate pay. Tenure in the USA originated as a legitimate response

Batterbury, Simon

146

Green Petroleum Refining - Mathematical Models for Optimizing Petroleum Refining Under Emission Constraints.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Petroleum refining processes provide the daily requirements of energy for the global market. Each refining process produces wastes that have the capacity to harm the (more)

Ali Yusuf, Yusuf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

A design flow based on modular refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a practical methodology based on modular refinement to design complex systems. The methodology relies on modules with latency-insensitive interfaces so that the refinements can change the timing contract of a ...

Dave, Nirav H.

148

Sharp Retrenchment, Modulated Refinement and Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

retrenchment is introduced and briefly justified informally, as a liberalisation of refinement. In sharp as a liberalisation of the notion of refinement, whose purpose was to enable more of the informal aspects of de

Banach, Richard

149

Firing of pulverized solvent refined coal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An air-purged burner for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal is constructed and operated such that the solvent refined coal can be fired without the coking thereof on the burner components. The air-purged burner is designed for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal in a tangentially fired boiler.

Derbidge, T. Craig (Sunnyvale, CA); Mulholland, James A. (Chapel Hill, NC); Foster, Edward P. (Macungie, PA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Refinement in cases of Twinning Lothar Esser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Refinement in cases of Twinning Lothar Esser National Cancer Institute Despite working in crystallography for a number of years, it was only recently that I was asked to refine a structure against twinned was twinned using a model of > 99% sequence identity. As the refinement did not progress as it should

151

Arnold Schwarzenegger REFINING ESTIMATES OF WATER-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor REFINING ESTIMATES OF WATER- RELATED ENERGY USE IN CALIFORNIA Energy Technologies · Transportation Refining Estimates of WaterRelated Energy Use in California is the final report for the Refining Estimates of EnergyRelated Energy Use in California project (contract

152

Solvent dramatically affects protein structure refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solvent dramatically affects protein structure refinement Gaurav Chopraa , Christopher M. Summab structure), also known as the protein structure refinement problem. It has been shown that improve- ment in protein structure refinement. Molecular dynamics in explicit sol- vent and energy minimization in both

Summa, Christopher M.

153

Energy Efficiency Improvement in the Petroleum Refining Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Manufacturing and Petroleum Refining Industries. Office of1994. Petroleum Refining: Technology and Economics, 3 rdProfile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry, Office of

Worrell, Ernst; Galitsky, Christina

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of Condition Assessment on Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of Condition Assessment on Energy Use: Selected Applications in Chemicals Processing and Petroleum Refining ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of...

155

ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy and Environmental Profile of the...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry (November 2007) ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry...

156

Refined matrix models from BPS counting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a free fermion and matrix model representation of refined BPS generating functions of D2 and D0 branes bound to a single D6 brane, in a class of toric manifolds without compact four-cycles. In appropriate limit we obtain a matrix model representation of refined topological string amplitudes. We consider a few explicit examples which include a matrix model for the refined resolved conifold, or equivalently five-dimensional U(1) gauge theory, as well as a matrix representation of the refined MacMahon function. Matrix models which we construct have ordinary unitary measure, while their potentials are modified to incorporate the effect of the refinement.

Piotr Su?kowski

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

157

Petroleum Refining Energy Use in Relation to Fuel Products Made  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years crude oils available to refiners have required more energy to refine and refiners have adjusted their processes to obtain better energy efficiency. In addition, the shift to lead-free gasoline has led to refining adjustments...

White, J. R.; Marshall, J. F.; Shoemaker, G. L.; Smith, R. B.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

american climate study: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

than they naturally would Maryland at College Park, University of 34 Implications of climate change for North American wood warblers (Parulidae) CiteSeer Summary: Since 1912,...

159

american great lakes: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

polynorphismsobserved among the North American Great Lakes ciscoes suggest that this fish group has Bernatchez, Louis 2 Great Lakes CiteSeer Summary: Grant realized an...

160

Representations of finite groups The Alperin-McKay refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Representations of finite groups The Alperin-McKay refinement The Isaacs-Navarro refinements The Mc-McKay refinement The Isaacs-Navarro refinements The basics Some history The McKay conjecture (for now) Let G groups The Alperin-McKay refinement The Isaacs-Navarro refinements The basics Some history The Mc

Cossey, James P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

More refined enumerations of alternating sign matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a further refinement of the standard refined enumeration of alternating sign matrices (ASMs) according to their first two rows instead of just the first row, and more general "d-refined" enumerations of ASMs according to the first d rows. For the doubly-refined case of d=2, we derive a system of linear equations satisfied by the doubly-refined enumeration numbers A_{n,i,j} that enumerate such matrices. We give a conjectural explicit formula for A_{n,i,j} and formulate several other conjectures about the sufficiency of the linear equations to determine the A_{n,i,j}'s and about an extension of the linear equations to the general d-refined enumerations.

Ilse Fischer; Dan Romik

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Improving Conditions for Green Building Construction in North  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

green building a standard practice throughout North America. · In 2011, the CEC formed the TrilateralImproving Conditions for Green Building Construction in North America QUEST 2012 INTERNATIONAL Green Building Task Force, comprising North American leaders from the green building industry

163

Refined Black Hole Ensembles and Topological Strings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We formulate a refined version of the Ooguri-Strominger-Vafa (OSV) conjecture. The OSV conjecture that Z_{BH} = |Z_{top}|^2 relates the BPS black hole partition function to the topological string partition function Z_{top}. In the refined conjecture, Z_{BH} is the partition function of BPS black holes counted with spin, or more precisely the protected spin character. Z_{top} becomes the partition function of the refined topological string, which is itself an index. Both the original and the refined conjecture are examples of large N duality in the 't Hooft sense. The refined conjecture applies to non-compact Calabi-Yau manifolds only, so the black holes are really BPS particles with large entropy, of order N^2. The refined OSV conjecture states that the refined BPS partition function has a large N dual which is captured by the refined topological string. We provide evidence that the conjecture holds by studying local Calabi-Yau threefolds consisting of line bundles over a genus g Riemann surface. We show that the refined topological string partition function on these geometries is computed by a two-dimensional TQFT. We also study the refined black hole partition function arising from N D4 branes on the Calabi-Yau, and argue that it reduces to a (q,t)-deformed version of two-dimensional SU(N) Yang-Mills. Finally, we show that in the large N limit this theory factorizes to the square of the refined topological string in accordance with the refined OSV conjecture.

Mina Aganagic; Kevin Schaeffer

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

164

Reaping Energy Savings from Petroleum Refining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REAPING ENERGY SAVINGS FROM PETROLEUM REFINING Alan Deng, Project Manager, San Francisco, CA, Ron Cascone, Project Manager, White Plains, NY, Nexant, Inc. ABSTRACT The refining industry is one of the largest energy users in Pacific Gas... years energy conservation and demand-side management program participation. The PG&Es refinery energy efficiency program (REEP) is designed to address key market barriers and tap into the savings potential from energy-intensive refining processes...

Deng, A.; Cascone, R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

The Use of Re-Refined Oil in Vehicle Fleets Copyright 1996 Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A literature search to identify deleterious effects of using re-refined oil did not disclose any validated occurrences. Significant engine testing using re-refined lubricating oil is reported and no cases were discovered in which engine operation was affected negatively by the use of re-refined oil. The American Petroleum Institute (AFT) allows the use of re-refined base stock oils in the blending of end use lubricants. Based on oil sample testing performed in this research as well as other authoritative sources, it was determined that no significant chemical or physical differences exist between rerefined and virgin oils. Differences noted in this research were related to higher levels of polynuclear aromatics (PNAs) in the re-refined oil. PNAs

Timothy T. Maxwell; Glen Hagler; Jesse C. Jones; Raghu Narayan; Atila Ertas

166

Pneumatic conveying of pulverized solvent refined coal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for pneumatically conveying solvent refined coal to a burner under conditions of dilute phase pneumatic flow so as to prevent saltation of the solvent refined coal in the transport line by maintaining the transport fluid velocity above approximately 95 ft/sec.

Lennon, Dennis R. (Allentown, PA)

1984-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

167

The optimal reverse logistics network for consumer batteries in North America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recycling of household consumer batteries is gaining legislative support throughout North America. The intent of this thesis document is to provide a broad overview of the current North American reverse logistics network ...

Rahman, Asgar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION (ASA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2.Reformulated, Average RefinerEnergy Supply Crude2.3AMERICAN

169

The genus Solidago L. (Astereae, Asteraceae) in South America and related taxa in North America.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The goldenrod genus Solidago L. is one of the larger genera in the flowering plant family Asteraceae. The genus is primarily North American and was (more)

Lopez Laphitz, Rita Maria

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Just Books Seminar VISIONS OF THE AMERICAN ENVIRONMENT: IMAGES TO ACTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 Just Books Seminar VISIONS OF THE AMERICAN ENVIRONMENT: IMAGES TO ACTION Spring 2013 posted X63075, goldin@brandeis.edu What role does the natural environment play in the North American of the natural environment in the North American vision, through the lens of books and selected readings, films

Snider, Barry B.

171

Firing of pulverized solvent refined coal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A burner for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal is constructed and operated such that the solvent refined coal can be fired successfully without any performance limitations and without the coking of the solvent refined coal on the burner components. The burner is provided with a tangential inlet of primary air and pulverized fuel, a vaned diffusion swirler for the mixture of primary air and fuel, a center water-cooled conical diffuser shielding the incoming fuel from the heat radiation from the flame and deflecting the primary air and fuel steam into the secondary air, and a watercooled annulus located between the primary air and secondary air flows.

Lennon, Dennis R. (Allentown, PA); Snedden, Richard B. (McKeesport, PA); Foster, Edward P. (Macungie, PA); Bellas, George T. (Library, PA)

1990-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

172

Refining and Extending the Business Model with Information Technology: Dell Computer Corporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REFINING ANDEXTENDING THE REFINING AND EXTENDING THE BUSINESS MODELfinal version 5-99.doc REFINING AND EXTENDING THE BUSINESS

Kraemer, Kenneth L; Dedrick, Jason; Yamashiro, Sandra

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Adaptive Mesh Refinement and Relativistic MHD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We solve the general relativistic magnetohydrodynamics equations using distributed parallel adaptive mesh refinement. We discuss strong scaling tests of the code, and present evolutions of Michel accretion and a TOV star.

David Neilsen; Eric W. Hirschmann; Matthew Anderson; Steven L. Liebling

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

174

Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith Software Verification Research Centre, University of Queensland, Australia smith@svrc.uq.edu.au Abstract. Two types of semantics have been given

Smith, Graeme

175

Diameter-Refined Metallic Carbon Nanotubes as Optically Tunable...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diameter-Refined Metallic Carbon Nanotubes as Optically Tunable Transparent Conductors Home > Research > ANSER Research Highlights > Diameter-Refined Metallic Carbon Nanotubes as...

176

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1995...

177

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1997...

178

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1996...

179

Improving NMR Protein Structure Quality by Rosetta Refinement...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NMR Protein Structure Quality by Rosetta Refinement: A Molecular Replacement Study. Improving NMR Protein Structure Quality by Rosetta Refinement: A Molecular Replacement Study....

180

The 1987 refining and petrochemical technology yearbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This annual covers the latest in refining and petrochemical technology written by the experts in the field. Opening with a foreword by Richard Corbett, Refining and Petrochemical Editior of the Oil and Gas Journal. The annual includes nearly 100 articles from the 1986 issues of the Oil and Gas Journal, comprising a collection of new technical information, methods of analysis, forecasts and trends in such subject areas as plants, fuels, gasolines, coking, processing, contents, hydrocracking, equipment, catalysts, and petrochemicals.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

about such events and be motivated to respond in a more holistic manner. Exhibit 2-7 Combined Cycle Response to Frequency Change Source: NERC 2004 32 Nuclear power plants are...

182

The North American Forest Sector Outlook Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to consumption patterns for wood products and bioenergy. Markets for wood products, which mainly are destined for packaging and miscellaneous uses will continue to enjoy strong global demand. Keywords Bioenergy, biomass, forest products, forest resources, future, GDP, globalization, import, increment, IPCC, markets

183

North American Technician Excellence Wayne Reedy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's largest non-profit certification organization for heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration/or Service certification in one or more SPECIALTY areas, including: Air Conditioning Air Distribution Heat and light HVACR commercial technicians in air conditioning, air distribution, heat pump, gas heating and oil

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

184

Chapter VI: Integrating North American Energy Markets  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

i Considering these impacts over such a period leads to what is called the Global Warming Potential (GWP) of a GHG. The 100-year GWP for methane from the "Intergovernmental...

185

Alternative Regulation for North American Electric Utilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After a decade of favorable operating conditions, utilities find themselves faced with accelerating prices for key inputs and a growing need for new capacity. These pressures are likely to prompt increasingly frequent, and perhaps more contentious, rate cases. Steady progress in the development of alternative regulation provides hope that the utility industry will respond to these challenges much better than in 1975-85. (author)

Lowry, Mark Newton; Kaufmann, Lawrence

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

North American Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(Utility Company) Jump to:City)Norristown, Pennsylvania: Energy

187

North American Coating Laboratories | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(Utility Company) Jump to:City)Norristown, Pennsylvania: EnergyCoating

188

Chapter VI: Integrating North American Energy Markets  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation SitesStanding FriedelIron-Sulfur3-1 November8-1 November

189

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISO 50001

190

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISO 50001Department of

191

North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISO 50001Department

192

North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Information |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan:Department of Energy

193

Annabella: a North American coasting vessel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and analysis of a type of craft that once was common to the eastern seaboard, including discussions about how the craft was designed and built for transporting specific cargoes, and how this ship may be representative of maritime activities and shipbuilding...

Claesson, Stefan Hans

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Number Suppletion in North American Indian Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. A Grammar of Southeastern Porno. UCPL 72. Newman, Stanley. 1965. Zuni Grammar. University of New Mexico Publi cations in Anthropology 14. Parks, Douglas R. 1976. A Grammar of Pawnee. New York: Garland. Radin, Paul. 1929. A Grammar of the Wappo...

Booker, Karen M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityFieldMinds"Office | Department

196

Green Petroleum Refining -Mathematical Models for Optimizing Petroleum Refining Under Emission Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green Petroleum Refining - Mathematical Models for Optimizing Petroleum Refining Under Emission understand that my thesis may be made electronically available to the public. #12;iii Abstract Petroleum and treating options for petroleum refinery waste streams. The performance of the developed model

Anderson, Charles H.

197

Refined Topological Strings and Toric Calabi-Yau Threefolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The refined topological vertex formulation computes the refined topological string partition function for non-compact toric Calabi-Yau threefolds which engineer N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories. For geometries such as the local P^2, which do not give rise to gauge theories, the refined topological vertex alone is not sufficient for directly calculating the refined amplitudes. In this paper, we extend the refined topological vertex formalism and propose a complementary new vertex which, together with the refined topological vertex, determines the refined amplitudes for all toric Calabi-Yau threefolds.

Amer Iqbal; Can Kozcaz

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

198

E-Print Network 3.0 - american moth synempora Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A National Program to Manage the Gypsy Moth 15 Andrew M. Liebhold1 Summary: established alien populations: comparison of NorthAmerican gypsy moth colonies with invasion theory......

199

E-Print Network 3.0 - american monsoon region Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Variations of the Global Monsoon Precipitation in the Last Millennium: Results from ECHO-G Model Summary: monsoon and the Mexican-North American monsoon regions. However, the...

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - american summer monsoon Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Variations of the Global Monsoon Precipitation in the Last Millennium: Results from ECHO-G Model Summary: monsoon and the Mexican-North American monsoon regions. However, the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

E-Print Network 3.0 - american ref-fuel waste-to-energy Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research and Technology Council (WTERT) Collection: Renewable Energy 50 Leaching of Dioxins from Municipal Waste Combustor Residues Summary: 12, 12th North American...

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - american waste-to-energy conference Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research and Technology Council (WTERT) Collection: Renewable Energy 20 Leaching of Dioxins from Municipal Waste Combustor Residues Summary: 12, 12th North American...

203

Refined Topological Vertex and Instanton Counting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been proposed recently that topological A-model string amplitudes for toric Calabi-Yau 3-folds in non self-dual graviphoton background can be caluculated by a diagrammatic method that is called the ``refined topological vertex''. We compute the extended A-model amplitudes for SU(N)-geometries using the proposed vertex. If the refined topological vertex is valid, these computations should give rise to the Nekrasov's partition functions of N=2 SU(N) gauge theories via the geometric engineering. In this article, we verify the proposal by confirming the equivalence between the refined A-model amplitude and the K-theoretic version of the Nekrasov's partition function by explicit computation.

Masato Taki

2007-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

204

Lattice Refining LQC and the Matter Hamiltonian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the context of loop quantum cosmology, we parametrise the lattice refinement by a parameter, $A$, and the matter Hamiltonian by a parameter, $\\delta$. We then solve the Hamiltonian constraint for both a self-adjoint, and a non-self-adjoint Hamiltonian operator. Demanding that the solutions for the wave-functions obey certain physical restrictions, we impose constraints on the two-dimensional, $(A,\\delta)$, parameter space, thereby restricting the types of matter content that can be supported by a particular lattice refinement model.

William Nelson; Mairi Sakellariadou

2007-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

205

An independent refiners approach to RFG  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was presented by Mike Czeskleba,Senior Business Analyst for Ashland Petroleum Company in Ashland, Kentucky. Ashland is one of the largest independent refiners and a leading marketer of gasoline and other petroleum products in the U.S. The issues addressed in this report concern the use of ethanol as a gasoline extender and renewable oxygenate, and its use in Reformulated Gasolines (RFG). The impact of Clean Air Act requirements for 1995 and beyond on petroleum refiners and producers is discussed. Some of the strategies which Ashland Petroleum Company is using to meet regulation requirements is also presented.

Czeskleba, M.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

206

Relativistic MHD with Adaptive Mesh Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a new computer code to solve the general relativistic magnetohydrodynamics (GRMHD) equations using distributed parallel adaptive mesh refinement (AMR). The fluid equations are solved using a finite difference Convex ENO method (CENO) in 3+1 dimensions, and the AMR is Berger-Oliger. Hyperbolic divergence cleaning is used to control the $\

Matthew Anderson; Eric Hirschmann; Steven L. Liebling; David Neilsen

2006-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

207

Focus on Venezuelan heavy crude: refining margins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Of six crudes refined in the US Gulf Coast, heavy Venezuelan crude Lagunillas (15/sup 0/ API) provides the best margin per barrel. Data for end of December 1983 and the first three weeks of January show that margins on all crudes are on the rise in this market, due to a turnaround in product prices. The lighter crudes are showing the greatest increase in Gross Product Worth. This is having a modest shrinking effect on the margin differential between light and heavy crudes in this market. The domestic crude West Texas Intermediate, at 40/sup 0/ API, provides the highest GPW in this crude slate sample, over US $31 per barrel, compared to GPW of under US $28 per barrel for Lagunillas. Still, as Lagunillas cost about US $8 less than does WTI, refiners with sufficient residue conversion capacity can be earning about US $3.50 more in margin per barrel than they can with WTI. Although few refiners would be using a 15/sup 0/ API crude exclusively for any length of time, heavier oil's inclusion in modern refiners' diets is enhancing their competitive position more than any other single factor. This issue of Energy Detente presents the fuel price/tax series and industrial fuel prices for January 1984 for countries of the Western Hemisphere.

Not Available

1984-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

208

Refiners boost crude capacity; Petrochemical production up  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Continuing demand strength in refined products and petrochemical markets caused refiners to boost crude-charging capacity slightly again last year, and petrochemical producers to increase production worldwide. Product demand strength is, in large part, due to stable product prices resulting from a stabilization of crude oil prices. Crude prices strengthened somewhat in 1987. That, coupled with fierce product competition, unfortunately drove refining margins negative in many regions of the U.S. during the last half of 1987. But with continued strong demand for gasoline, and an increased demand for higher octane gasoline, margins could turn positive by 1989 and remain so for a few years. U.S. refiners also had to have facilities in place to meet the final requirements of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's lead phase-down rules on Jan. 1, 1988. In petrochemicals, plastics demand dept basic petrochemical plants at good utilization levels worldwide. U.S. production of basics such as ethylene and propylene showed solid increases. Many of the derivatives of the basic petrochemical products also showed good production gains. Increased petrochemical production and high plant utilization rates didn't spur plant construction projects, however. Worldwide petrochemical plant projects declined slightly from 1986 figures.

Corbett, R.A.

1988-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

209

Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications Alan M. Frisch1 , Brahim Hnich2 , Ian choose model transformations to reduce greatly the amount of effort that is required to solve a problem by systematic search. It is a consid- erable challenge to automate such transformations. A problem may be viewed

Walsh, Toby

210

Refining industry trends: Europe and surroundings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The European refining industry, along with its counterparts, is struggling with low profitability due to excess primary and conversion capacity, high operating costs and impending decisions of stringent environmental regulations that will require significant investments with hard to justify returns. This region was also faced in the early 1980s with excess capacity on the order of 4 MMb/d and satisfying the {open_quotes}at that point{close_quotes} demand by operating at very low utilization rates (60%). As was the case in the US, the rebalancing of the capacity led to the closure of some 51 refineries. Since the early 1990s, the increase in demand growth has essentially balanced the capacity threshold and utilization rates are settled around the 90% range. During the last two decades, the major oil companies have reduced their presence in the European refining sector, giving some state oil companies and producing countries the opportunity to gain access to the consumer market through the purchase of refining capacity in various countries-specifically, Kuwait in Italy; Libya and Venezuela in Germany; and Norway in other areas of Scandinavia. Although the market share for this new cast of characters remains small (4%) relative to participation by the majors (35%), their involvement in the European refining business set the foundation whereby US independent refiners relinquished control over assets that could not be operated profitably as part of a previous vertically integrated structure, unless access to the crude was ensured. The passage of time still seems to render this model valid.

Guariguata, U.G.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Preservation of contrasting geothermal gradients across the Caribbean-North America plate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preservation of contrasting geothermal gradients across the Caribbean-North America plate boundary the North American and Caribbean plates, document a sharp cooling age discontinuity across the fault the Caribbean-North America plate boundary (Motagua Fault, Guatemala), Tectonics, 32, 993­1010, doi:10.1002/tect

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

212

phenix.refine: crystallographic structure refinement in PHENIX Pavel V. Afonine, Ralf W. Grosse-Kunstleve, Peter H. Zwart, Thomas C. Terwilliger, Nigel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phenix.refine: crystallographic structure refinement in PHENIX Pavel V. Afonine, Ralf W. Grosse of automation and robustness in structure refinement. Their implementation in phenix.refine ­ state-of-the-art refinement module of PHENIX package ­ resulted in a complete set of tools that cover most of refinement needs

213

Grain Refinement of Permanent Mold Cast Copper Base Alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grain refinement is a well established process for many cast and wrought alloys. The mechanical properties of various alloys could be enhanced by reducing the grain size. Refinement is also known to improve casting characteristics such as fluidity and hot tearing. Grain refinement of copper-base alloys is not widely used, especially in sand casting process. However, in permanent mold casting of copper alloys it is now common to use grain refinement to counteract the problem of severe hot tearing which also improves the pressure tightness of plumbing components. The mechanism of grain refinement in copper-base alloys is not well understood. The issues to be studied include the effect of minor alloy additions on the microstructure, their interaction with the grain refiner, effect of cooling rate, and loss of grain refinement (fading). In this investigation, efforts were made to explore and understand grain refinement of copper alloys, especially in permanent mold casting conditions.

M.Sadayappan; J.P.Thomson; M.Elboujdaini; G.Ping Gu; M. Sahoo

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Hardware/Software Co-Design via Specification Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The Rosetta refinement capability extends this by allowing a system's functional behavior and its implementation details to be described separately. The Rosetta Refinement Tool combines the functional behavior and the implementation details to form a system...

Peck, Wesley Graham

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

215

5.067 Crystal Structure Refinement, Fall 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course in crystal structure refinement examines the practical aspects of crystal structure determination from data collection strategies to data reduction and basic and advanced refinement problems of organic and ...

Mueller, Peter

216

5.841 Crystal Structure Refinement, Fall 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course in crystal structure refinement examines the practical aspects of crystal structure determination from data collection strategies to data reduction and basic and advanced refinement problems of organic and ...

Mueller, Peter

217

Refined Cigar and Omega-deformed Conifold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Antoniadis et al proposed a relation between the Omega-deformation and refined correlation functions of the topological string theory. We investigate the proposal for the deformed conifold geometry from a non-compact Gepner model approach. The topological string theory on the deformed conifold has a dual description in terms of the c=1 non-critical string theory at the self-dual radius, and the Omega-deformation yields the radius deformation. We show that the refined correlation functions computed from the twisted SL(2,R)/U(1) Kazama-Suzuki coset model at level k=1 have direct c=1 non-critical string theory interpretations. After subtracting the leading singularity to procure the 1PI effective action, we obtain the agreement with the proposal.

Yu Nakayama

2010-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

218

In quantum gravity, summing is refining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In perturbative QED, the approximation is improved by summing more Feynman graphs; in non-perturbative QCD, by refining the lattice. Here we observe that in quantum gravity the two procedures may well be the same. We outline the combinatorial structure of spinfoam quantum gravity, define the continuum limit, and show that under general conditions refining foams is the same as summing over them. The conditions bear on the cylindrical consistency of the spinfoam amplitudes and on the presence of appropriate combinatorial factors, related to the implementation of diffeomorphisms invariance. Intuitively, the sites of the lattice are points of space: these are themselves quanta of the gravitational field, and thus a lattice discretization is also a Feynman history of quanta.

Carlo Rovelli; Matteo Smerlak

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

219

Parabolic refined invariants and Macdonald polynomials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A string theoretic derivation is given for the conjecture of Hausel, Letellier, and Rodriguez-Villegas on the cohomology of character varieties with marked points. Their formula is identified with a refined BPS expansion in the stable pair theory of a local root stack, generalizing previous work of the first two authors in collaboration with G. Pan. Haiman's geometric construction for Macdonald polynomials is shown to emerge naturally in this context via geometric engineering. In particular this yields a new conjectural relation between Macdonald polynomials and refined local orbifold curve counting invariants. The string theoretic approach also leads to a new spectral cover construction for parabolic Higgs bundles in terms of holomorphic symplectic orbifolds.

Chuang, Wu-yen; Donagi, Ron; Pantev, Tony

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Dinosaurs can fly -- High performance refining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High performance refining requires that one develop a winning strategy based on a clear understanding of one`s position in one`s company`s value chain; one`s competitive position in the products markets one serves; and the most likely drivers and direction of future market forces. The author discussed all three points, then described measuring performance of the company. To become a true high performance refiner often involves redesigning the organization as well as the business processes. The author discusses such redesigning. The paper summarizes ten rules to follow to achieve high performance: listen to the market; optimize; organize around asset or area teams; trust the operators; stay flexible; source strategically; all maintenance is not equal; energy is not free; build project discipline; and measure and reward performance. The paper then discusses the constraints to the implementation of change.

Treat, J.E. [Booz-Allen and Hamilton, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Using supercritical fluids to refine hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This is a method to reactively refine hydrocarbons, such as heavy oils with API gravities of less than 20.degree. and bitumen-like hydrocarbons with viscosities greater than 1000 cp at standard temperature and pressure using a selected fluid at supercritical conditions. The reaction portion of the method delivers lighter weight, more volatile hydrocarbons to an attached contacting device that operates in mixed subcritical or supercritical modes. This separates the reaction products into portions that are viable for use or sale without further conventional refining and hydro-processing techniques. This method produces valuable products with fewer processing steps, lower costs, increased worker safety due to less processing and handling, allow greater opportunity for new oil field development and subsequent positive economic impact, reduce related carbon dioxide, and wastes typical with conventional refineries.

Yarbro, Stephen Lee

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

222

Improve corrosion control in refining processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New guidelines show how to control corrosion and environmental cracking of process equipment when processing feedstocks containing sulfur and/or naphthenic acids. To be cost competitive refiners must be able to process crudes of opportunity. These feedstocks when processed under high temperatures and pressures and alkaline conditions can cause brittle cracks and blisters in susceptible steel-fabricated equipment. Even with advances in steel metallurgy, wet H{sub 2}S cracking continues to be a problem. New research data shows that process conditions such as temperature, pH and flowrate are key factors in the corrosion process. Before selecting equipment material, operators must understand the corrosion mechanisms present within process conditions. Several case histories investigate the corrosion reactions found when refining naphthenic crudes and operating amine gas-sweetening systems. These examples show how to use process controls, inhibitors and/or metallurgy to control corrosion and environmental cracking, to improve material selection and to extend equipment service life.

Kane, R.D.; Cayard, M.S. [CLI International, Houston, TX (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

american tropical cyclone: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 21 Cross-equatorial influences of a South American cold surge on the development of two eastern North Pacific tropical cyclones Texas A&M...

224

Parametric Rietveld Refinement Prof. John S.O. Evans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parametric Rietveld Refinement Prof. John S.O. Evans APD IV Gaithersburg, 2013 Durham Chemistry Outline · What is parametric Rietveld refinement? · Should you do it? · How do you do it? · What can you., 40, 2007, 87 X+N refinements Jean Francois Berar, XND #12;john.evans@durham.ac.uk www

Magee, Joseph W.

225

Parallel Adaptive Mesh Refinement and Redistribution on Distributed Memory Computers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel Adaptive Mesh Refinement and Redistribution on Distributed Memory Computers C. ¨ Ozturan Polytechnic Institute Troy, NY 12181 Abstract A procedure to support parallel refinement and redistribution the required adjacency information. Mesh refinement is done by employing links back to the geometric

Bystroff, Chris

226

RDOCK: Refinement of Rigid-body Protein Docking Predictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RDOCK: Refinement of Rigid-body Protein Docking Predictions Li Li,1 Rong Chen,1 and Zhiping Weng1 RDOCK for refining unbound predictions generated by a rigid-body docking algorithm ZDOCK, which has been, RDOCK represents the simplest approach toward refining unbound docking predictions. Despite its simplic

Weng, Zhiping

227

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows Ralf Hartmann, Joachim Held-oriented mesh refinement for single and multiple aerodynamic force coefficients as well as residual-based mesh refinement applied to various three-dimensional lam- inar and turbulent aerodynamic test cases defined

Hartmann, Ralf

228

Validating Process Refinement with Ontologies , Gerd Groener2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Validating Process Refinement with Ontologies Yuan Ren1 , Gerd Groener2 , Jens Lemcke3 , Tirdad University of Koblenz-Landau, 3 SAP AG Abstract. A crucial task in process management is the validation of process refinements. A process refinement is a process description in a more fine-grained representation

Staab, Steffen

229

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement in the United States Petroleum Refining Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Profile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry, prepared byBandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes, prepared byKaiser, M.J. , Petroleum Refining Technology & Economics,

Morrow III, William R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

MECS 2006 - Petroleum Refining | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department of Energy Low-Temperature CombustionGlass MECS 2006 - GlassPetroleum Refining

231

Norwegian Silicon Refining AS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico:CommunityNorthwest Basin and RangeNorvento USA LLC JumpRefining

232

Valero Refining Company - NJ | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,Save Energy NowNew HampshireValero Refining Company - NJ Jump to:

233

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells - Refining the Message Initiating a National Dialogue and Educational Agenda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Refining the Message Initiating aHydrogen and Fuel Cells Refining the Message Initiating a

Eggert, Anthony; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom; Ogden, Joan M; Sperling, Dan; Winston, Emily

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

North Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The total area covered by petroleum rights in the six countries described in this paper increased by more than 17% in 1980 compared to 1979. Joint venture agreements were finalized for 19 blocks over 94,000 km/sup 2/ in the Algerian venture. Although official information is scarce for Algeria and Libya, seismic activity probably increased in 1980 compared to 1979. Exploration drilling activity increased with 121 wildcats drilled compared to 93 during the previous year. This effort led to 40 discoveries, a 34.5% success ratio. Chevron was especially successful in wildcatting, with 6 oil discoveries for 8 wells drilled in the interior basins of Sudan. One Moroccan discovery can be considered as a highlight: the BRPM Meskala 101 well in the Essaouira basin found an apparently large amount of gas in Triassic sandstones. This discovery deserves special attention, since the gas has been found in Triassic pays rather than in the usual Jurassic pays in the Essaouira basin. Oil production in North Africa decreased from about 13.5% in 1980, with about 3,405,000 barrels of oil per day compared to 3,939,500 barrels of oil per day in 1979. When oil output strongly decreased in Algeria (-16.4%) and Libya (-15.6%), Tunisian production peaked at 116,287 barrels of oil per day and Egypt production also peaked at 584,148 barrels of oil per day. Total gas production in 1980 strongly declined from 44%, mostly due to the decline of the Algerian gas production. 8 figures, 40 tables.

Nicod, M.A.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

A review of "The Arts of 17th-Century Science: Representations of the Natural World in European and North American Culture." by Claire Jowitt and Diane Watt, eds.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Planetary Astronomy in the Development of the Western World, [1957] 260). Claire Jowitt and Diane Watt, eds. The Arts of 17 th -Century Science: Representations of the Natural World in European and North Ameri- can Culture. Aldershot, U.K.: Ashgate... sources of the early modern period overlapped and influenced each other. Editors Claire Jowitt and Diane Watt skillfully separated the volume into four major topics, did a fine job selecting essays that explored these subjects, and placed essays...

Karol K. Weaver

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Armadillos exhibit less genetic polymorphism in North America than in South America: nuclear and mitochondrial data confirm founder effect in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Armadillos exhibit less genetic polymorphism in North America than in South America: nuclear compared between North and South American nine-banded armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus: Xenarthra a founder effect during colonization of North America. Occurrence of polymorphism in the D

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

237

A CSP Account of Event-B Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Event-B provides a flexible framework for stepwise system development via refinement. The framework supports steps for (a) refining events (one-by-one), (b) splitting events (one-by-many), and (c) introducing new events. In each of the steps events can moreover possibly be anticipated or convergent. All such steps are accompanied with precise proof obligations. Still, it remains unclear what the exact relationship - in terms of a behaviour-oriented semantics - between an Event-B machine and its refinement is. In this paper, we give a CSP account of Event-B refinement, with a treatment for the first time of splitting events and of anticipated events. To this end, we define a CSP semantics for Event-B and show how the different forms of Event-B refinement can be captured as CSP refinement.

Schneider, Steve; Wehrheim, Heike; 10.4204/EPTCS.55.9

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Mirror of the refined topological vertex from a matrix model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We find an explicit matrix model computing the refined topological vertex, starting from its representation in terms of plane partitions. We then find the spectral curve of that matrix model, and thus the mirror symmetry of the refined vertex. With the same method we also find a matrix model for the strip geometry, and we find its mirror curve. The fact that there is a matrix model shows that the refined topological string amplitudes also satisfy the remodeling the B-model construction.

B. Eynard; C. Kozcaz

2011-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

239

Electron beam skull melting and refining of secondary copper  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron Beam Melting is the most efficient technology for metals and alloys refining. For secondary metals processing the Electron Beam Skull Melting (EBSM) with the electromagnetic stirring (EMS) of melt in the crucible was shown to be the most appropriate. The copper produced by EBSM with EMS possesses higher density and electric conductivity in comparison with other refining methods. The details for high power electrical machines were cast of the copper waste refined by EBSM technology.

Bychkov, Y.; Ladokhin, S. [Donetskvtortsvetmet, Donetsk (Ukraine)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

240

Refined Chern-Simons Theory and Topological String  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that refined Chern-Simons theory and large N duality can be used to study the refined topological string with and without branes. We derive the refined topological vertex of hep-th/0701156 and hep-th/0502061 from a link invariant of the refined SU(N) Chern-Simons theory on S^3, at infinite N. Quiver-like Chern-Simons theories, arising from Calabi-Yau manifolds with branes wrapped on several minimal S^3's, give a dual description of a large class of toric Calabi-Yau. We use this to derive the refined topological string amplitudes on a toric Calabi-Yau containing a shrinking P^2 surface. The result is suggestive of the refined topological vertex formalism for arbitrary toric Calabi-Yau manifolds in terms of a pair of vertices and a choice of a Morse flow on the toric graph, determining the vertex decomposition. The dependence on the flow is reminiscent of the approach to the refined topological string in upcoming work of Nekrasov and Okounkov. As a byproduct, we show that large N duality of the refined topological string explains the ``mirror symmetry`` of the refined colored HOMFLY invariants of knots.

Mina Aganagic; Shamil Shakirov

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Table 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prices," source for backcast estimates prior to January 1983. 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices 36 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

242

Table 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prices," source for backcast estimates prior to January 1983. 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices 36 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

243

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

244

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 292 Energy...

245

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

246

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

247

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

248

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

134 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

249

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

250

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

251

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

252

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

134 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

253

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

254

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

255

New Process for Grain Refinement of Aluminum. Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new method of grain refining aluminum involving in-situ formation of boride nuclei in molten aluminum just prior to casting has been developed in the subject DOE program over the last thirty months by a team consisting of JDC, Inc., Alcoa Technical Center, GRAS, Inc., Touchstone Labs, and GKS Engineering Services. The Manufacturing process to make boron trichloride for grain refining is much simpler than preparing conventional grain refiners, with attendant environmental, capital, and energy savings. The manufacture of boride grain refining nuclei using the fy-Gem process avoids clusters, salt and oxide inclusions that cause quality problems in aluminum today.

Dr. Joseph A. Megy

2000-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

256

Forestry Policies (North Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

North Carolina features almost 18 million acres of forested land within the state. The North Carolina Forest Service (http://ncforestservice.gov/) manages the State's forest lands, including those...

257

Forestry Policies (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

North Dakota forests are managed by the North Dakota State Forest Service. In 2010 the State issued its "Statewide Assessment of Forest Resources and Forest Resource Strategy", which includes...

258

On Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Atmospheric Pollution Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Atmospheric Pollution Models Emil M. Constantinescu and Adrian res- olution system for modeling regional air pollution based on the chemical transport model STEM. Keywords: Air Pollution Modeling, Adaptive Mesh Refinement. 1 Introduction Inadequate grid resolution can

Sandu, Adrian

259

11 California Petroleum Supply, Transportation, Refining and Marketing Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 California Petroleum Supply, Transportation, Refining and Marketing Trends Chapter 2 CALIFORNIA PETROLEUM SUPPLY, TRANSPORTATION, REFINING AND MARKETING TRENDS INTRODUCTION California is an integral part of the world oil market as a world-scale petroleum consumer. Historically, about 50 percent of this petroleum

260

Refining Landscape Change Models through Outlier Analysis in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Refining Landscape Change Models through Outlier Analysis in the Muskegon Watershed of Michigan significantly to the state economy, accounting for nearly 20% of its economic output (Michigan Land Use, 1965; Lee, 1973; Wegener, 1994), and model refinement/advancement, in large part due to advances

Walker, Robert T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Refined BPS state counting from Nekrasov's formula and Macdonald functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been argued that the Nekrasov's partition function gives the generating function of refined BPS state counting in the compactification of M theory on local Calabi-Yau spaces. We show that a refined version of the topological vertex we proposed before (hep-th/0502061) is a building block of the Nekrasov's partition function with two equivariant parameters. Compared with another refined topological vertex by Iqbal-Kozcaz-Vafa (hep-th/0701156), our refined vertex is expressed entirely in terms of the specialization of the Macdonald symmetric functions which is related to the equivariant character of the Hilbert scheme of points on C^2. We provide diagrammatic rules for computing the partition function from the web diagrams appearing in geometric engineering of Yang-Mills theory with eight supercharges. Our refined vertex has a simple transformation law under the flop operation of the diagram, which suggests that homological invariants of the Hopf link are related to the Macdonald functions.

Hidetoshi Awata; Hiroaki Kanno

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

262

University of North Carolina at Charlotte Design and Construction Manual Section 2, Division 03 Concrete  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. American Concrete Institute (ACI) B. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) C. Portland Cement ­ Concrete SECTION 2 DIVISION 03 CONCRETE #12;University of North Carolina at Charlotte Design and Construction Manual Section 2, Division 03 ­ Concrete DIVISION 3 - CONCRETE Note: This is a guide for Designers

Xie,Jiang (Linda)

263

Steel refining with an electrochemical cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is an apparatus for processing a metallic fluid containing iron oxide, container for a molten metal including an electrically conductive refractory disposed for contact with the molten metal which contains iron oxide, an electrolyte in the form of a basic slag on top of the molten metal, an electrode in the container in contact with the slag electrically separated from the refractory, and means for establishing a voltage across the refractory and the electrode to reduce iron oxide to iron at the surface of the refractory in contact with the iron oxide containing fluid. A process is disclosed for refining an iron product containing not more than about 10% by weight sulfur, comprising providing an electrolyte of a slag containing one or more of calcium oxide, magnesium oxide, silica or alumina, providing a cathode of the iron product in contact with the electrolyte, providing an anode in contact with the electrolyte electrically separated from the cathode, and operating an electrochemical cell formed by the anode, the cathode and the electrolyte to separate oxygen or sulfur present in the iron product therefrom.

Blander, M.; Cook, G.M.

1985-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

264

Steel refining with an electrochemical cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus is described for processing a metallic fluid containing iron oxide, container for a molten metal including an electrically conductive refractory disposed for contact with the molten metal which contains iron oxide, an electrolyte in the form of a basic slag on top of the molten metal, an electrode in the container in contact with the slag electrically separated from the refractory, and means for establishing a voltage across the refractory and the electrode to reduce iron oxide to iron at the surface of the refractory in contact with the iron oxide containing fluid. A process is disclosed for refining an iron product containing not more than about 10% by weight oxygen and not more than about 10% by weight sulfur, comprising providing an electrolyte of a slag containing one or more of calcium oxide, magnesium oxide, silica or alumina, providing a cathode of the iron product in contact with the electrolyte, providing an anode in contact with the electrolyte electrically separated from the cathode, and operating an electrochemical cell formed by the anode, the cathode and the electrolyte to separate oxygen or sulfur present in the iron product therefrom. 2 figs.

Blander, M.; Cook, G.M.

1988-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

265

GRChombo : Numerical Relativity with Adaptive Mesh Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical relativity has undergone a revolution in the past decade. With a well-understood mathematical formalism, and full control over the gauge modes, it is now entering an era in which the science can be properly explored. In this work, we introduce GRChombo, a new numerical relativity code written to take full advantage of modern parallel computing techniques. GRChombo's features include full adaptive mesh refinement with block structured Berger-Rigoutsos grid generation which supports non-trivial "many-boxes-in-many-boxes" meshing hierarchies, and massive parallelism through the Message Passing Interface (MPI). GRChombo evolves the Einstein equation with the standard BSSN formalism, with an option to turn on CCZ4 constraint damping if required. We show that GRChombo passes all the standard "Apples-to-Apples" code comparison tests. We also show that it can stably and accurately evolve vacuum black hole spacetimes such as binary black hole mergers, and non-vacuum spacetimes such as scalar collapses into black holes. As an illustration of its AMR capability, we demonstrate the evolution of triple black hole merger, which can be set up trivially in GRChombo.

Katy Clough; Pau Figueras; Hal Finkel; Markus Kunesch; Eugene A. Lim; Saran Tunyasuvunakool

2015-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

266

GRChombo : Numerical Relativity with Adaptive Mesh Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical relativity has undergone a revolution in the past decade. With a well-understood mathematical formalism, and full control over the gauge modes, it is now entering an era in which the science can be properly explored. In this work, we introduce GRChombo, a new numerical relativity code written to take full advantage of modern parallel computing techniques. GRChombo's features include full adaptive mesh refinement with block structured Berger-Rigoutsos grid generation which supports non-trivial "many-boxes-in-many-boxes" meshing hierarchies, and massive parallelism through the Message Passing Interface (MPI). GRChombo evolves the Einstein equation with the standard BSSN formalism, with an option to turn on CCZ4 constraint damping if required. We show that GRChombo passes all the standard "Apples-to-Apples" code comparison tests. We also show that it can stably and accurately evolve vacuum black hole spacetimes such as binary black hole mergers, and non-vacuum spacetimes such as scalar collapses into b...

Clough, Katy; Finkel, Hal; Kunesch, Markus; Lim, Eugene A; Tunyasuvunakool, Saran

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Electron beam cold hearth refining in Vallejo  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron Beam Cold Hearth Refining Furnace (EBCHR) in Vallejo, California is alive, well, and girding itself for developing new markets. A brief review of the twelve years experience with EBCHR in Vallejo. Acquisition of the Vallejo facility by Axel Johnson Metals, Inc. paves the way for the development of new products and markets. A discussion of some of the new opportunities for the advancement of EBCHR technology. Discussed are advantages to the EBCHR process which include: extended surface area of molten metal exposed to higher vacuum; liberation of insoluble oxide particles to the surface of the melt; higher temperatures that allowed coarse solid particles like carbides and carbonitrides to be suspended in the fluid metal as fine micro-segregates, and enhanced removal of volatile trace impurities like lead, bismuth and cadmium. Future work for the company includes the continued recycling of alloys and also fabricating stainless steel for the piping of chip assembly plants. This is to prevent `killer defects` that ruin a memory chip.

Lowe, J.H.C. [Axel Johnson Metals, Inc., Vallejo, CA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

268

Steel refining with an electrochemical cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for processing a metallic fluid containing iron oxide, container for a molten metal including an electrically conductive refractory disposed for contact with the molten metal which contains iron oxide, an electrolyte in the form of a basic slag on top of the molten metal, an electrode in the container in contact with the slag electrically separated from the refractory, and means for establishing a voltage across the refractory and the electrode to reduce iron oxide to iron at the surface of the refractory in contact with the iron oxide containing fluid. A process is disclosed for refining an iron product containing not more than about 10% by weight oxygen and not more than about 10% by weight sulfur, comprising providing an electrolyte of a slag containing one or more of calcium oxide, magnesium oxide, silica or alumina, providing a cathode of the iron product in contact with the electrolyte, providing an anode in contact with the electrolyte electrically separated from the cathode, and operating an electrochemical cell formed by the anode, the cathode and the electrolyte to separate oxygen or sulfur present in the iron product therefrom.

Blander, Milton (Palos Park, IL); Cook, Glenn M. (Naperville, IL)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol Fuel Use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol Fuel Use Dylan B. Millet,*, Eric Apel, Daven K. Henze,§ Jason Hill, Julian D. Marshall, Hanwant B-Chem chemical transport model to constrain present-day North American ethanol sources, and gauge potential long

Mlllet, Dylan B.

270

Dynamics of Transboundary Ground Water Management: Lessons from1 North America2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Society-Science in Transition. Water Resources Development and8 Management Series, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 167-196]9 101 Dynamics of Transboundary Ground Water Management: Lessons from1 North America2 Michael E Abstract11 Transboundary ground water management in the North American countries of Canada, the United

Kurapov, Alexander

271

Changing System Interfaces Consistently: a New Refinement Strategy for CSP B  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Changing System Interfaces Consistently: a New Refinement Strategy for CSP B Steve Schneider refinement in the context of CSP B. Our motivation to include this notion of refinement within the CSP B to change the events of a CSP process and the B machines when refining a system. Notions of refinement based

Doran, Simon J.

272

North Carolina Capital Access Program (North Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The North Carolina Capital Access Program provides matching reserve funds for business loans that are beyond the traditional lending means of a lenders usual standards. The average CAP loan is ...

273

One North Carolina Fund (North Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The One North Carolina Fund, directed by the Commerce Finance Center, helps recruit and expand jobs in high-value industries deemed vital to the state. State appropriations replenish the Fund and...

274

Flop Invariance of Refined Topological Vertex and Link Homologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been proposed recently that the topological A-model string theory on local toric Calabi-Yau manifolds has a two parameter extension. Amplitudes of the two parameter topological strings can be computed using a diagrammatic method called the refined topological vertex. In this paper we study properties of the refined amplitudes under the flop transition of toric Calabi-Yau three-folds. We also discuss that the slicing invariance and the flop transition imply a simple formula for the homological sl(N) invariants of the Hopf link. The new expression for the invariants gives a simple refinement of the Hopf link invariant of Chern-Simons theory.

Masato Taki

2008-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

275

Multigrid elliptic equation solver with adaptive mesh refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we describe in detail the computational algorithm used by our parallel multigrid elliptic equation solver with adaptive mesh refinement. Our code uses truncation error estimates to adaptively refine the grid as part of the solution process. The presentation includes a discussion of the orders of accuracy that we use for prolongation and restriction operators to ensure second order accurate results and to minimize computational work. Code tests are presented that confirm the overall second order accuracy and demonstrate the savings in computational resources provided by adaptive mesh refinement.

J. David Brown; Lisa L. Lowe

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

276

Integrated process for the solvent refining of coal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is set forth for the integrated liquefaction of coal by the catalytic solvent refining of a feed coal in a first stage to liquid and solid products and the catalytic hydrogenation of the solid product in a second stage to produce additional liquid product. A fresh inexpensive, throw-away catalyst is utilized in the second stage hydrogenation of the solid product and this catalyst is recovered and recycled for catalyst duty in the solvent refining stage without any activation steps performed on the used catalyst prior to its use in the solvent refining of feed coal.

Garg, Diwakar (Macungie, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Refined Analytic Torsion as an Element of the Determinant Line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a canonical element, called the refined analytic torsion, of the determinant line of the cohomology of a closed oriented odd-dimensional manifold M with coefficients in a flat complex vector bundle E. We compute the Ray-Singer norm of the refined analytic torsion. In particular, if there exists a flat Hermitian metric on E, we show that this norm is equal to 1. We prove a duality theorem, establishing a relationship between the refined analytic torsions corresponding to a flat connection and its dual.

Maxim Braverman; Thomas Kappeler

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

278

Refining Social Justice Through Collaborative Inquiry: Key Rewards and Challenges for Teacher Educators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Researcher, 25 (5), 5-15. CooperRefining Social Justice35social justice. CooperRefining Social Justice27 REFERENCESCollege Press. CooperRefining Social Justice28 Cochran-

Cooper, Camille Wilson

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Reconciling estimates of the contemporary North American carbon balance among terrestrial biosphere models, atmospheric inversions and a new approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange from inventory-based data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We develop an approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange (NEE) using inventory-based information over North America (NA) for a recent 7-year period (ca. 2000 2006). The approach notably retains information on the spatial distribution of NEE, or the vertical exchange between land and atmosphere of all non-fossil fuel sources and sinks of CO2, while accounting for lateral transfers of forest and crop products as well as their eventual emissions. The total NEE estimate of a 327 252 TgC yr1 sink for NA was driven primarily by CO2 uptake in the Forest Lands sector (248 TgC yr1), largely in the Northwest and Southeast regions of the US, and in the Crop Lands sector (297 TgC yr1), predominantly in the Midwest US states. These sinks are counteracted by the carbon source estimated for the Other Lands sector (+218 TgC yr1), where much of the forest and crop products are assumed to be returned to the atmosphere (through livestock and human consumption). The ecosystems of Mexico are estimated tobe a small net source (+18 TgC yr1) due to land use change between 1993 and 2002. We compare these inventorybased estimates with results from a suite of terrestrial biosphere and atmospheric inversion models, where the mean continental-scale NEE estimate for each ensemble is 511 TgC yr1 and 931 TgC yr1, respectively. In the modeling approaches, all sectors, including Other Lands, were generally estimated to be a carbon sink, driven in part by assumed CO2 fertilization and/or lack of consideration of carbon sources from disturbances and product emissions. Additional fluxes not measured by the inventories, although highly uncertain, could add an additional 239 TgC yr1 to the inventory-based NA sink estimate, thus suggesting some convergence with the modeling approaches.

Hayes, Daniel J [ORNL; Turner, David P [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Stinson, Graham [Pacific Forestry Centre, Canadian Forest Service; Mcguire, David [University of Alaska; Wei, Yaxing [ORNL; West, Tristram O. [Joint Global Change Research Institute, PNNL; Heath, Linda S. [USDA Forest Service; De Jong, Bernardus [ECOSUR; McConkey, Brian G. [Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; Birdsey, Richard A. [U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service; Kurz, Werner [Canadian Forest Service; Jacobson, Andrew [NOAA ESRL and CIRES; Huntzinger, Deborah [University of Michigan; Pan, Yude [U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Cook, Robert B [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - american southwest desert Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 > >> 1 Neil E. West Utah State University Summary: ), f4 (Karroo Desert, Beaufort West, South Africa). From J. MacMahon (1985). In "North American... Deserts Neil E. West Utah...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows Ralf Hartmann1 and Paul Houston2 1 Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology DLR (German Aerospace Center) Lilienthalplatz 7

Hartmann, Ralf

282

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

S O N D 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 1995 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices and...

283

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

150.0 2,026.7 W W 234.5 161.7 - 396.3 See footnotes at end of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information...

284

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

253.2 2,222.4 W W 206.4 134.3 - 340.7 See footnotes at end of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information...

285

Japan`s refiner/marketers headed for major shakeout  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Japan`s downstream oil industry is in a state of crisis and headed for a major shakeout. The major catalyst for this was a dramatic deregulation step during April 1996 that allowed refined petroleum product imports by non-refiners. The move, together with a sharp drop in refining margins, falling retail gasoline prices, and a service station sector on the brink of collapse, are all leading to massive changes in the way the country`s refiners and marketers do business. This paper reviews the collapse of corporate profits during this period of deregulation; the development of a new price system geared toward bringing the prices of gasoline, fuel oil, and kerosene into line with each other to offset the fall in gasoline prices; and industry restructuring including mergers, acquisitions, and marketing consolidation. The paper then makes predictions on the outcome of these changes on the Japanese oil industry.

NONE

1996-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

286

Polygons in Buildings and their Refined Side Lengths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1999. [Bro] K. Brown, Buildings, Springer, 1989. [BuBI] D.AMS, 2001. [D] M. Davis, Buildings are CAT(0), in Geometryat Springerlink.com POLYGONS IN BUILDINGS AND THEIR REFINED

Kapovich, Michael; Leeb, Bernhard; Millson, John J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

133.6 - 276.4 See footnotes at end of table. 220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

288

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

201.3 - 453.3 See footnotes at end of table. 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

289

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells - Refining the Message Initiating a National Dialogue and Educational Agenda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

April 1, 2005 Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Refining the MessageHydrogen and Fuel Cells Refining the Message Initiating athe communication problem. Hydrogen and fuel cells have now

Eggert, Anthony; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom; Ogden, Joan M; Sperling, Dan; Winston, Emily

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Iterative model-building, structure refinement, and density modification with the PHENIX AutoBuild Wizard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Iterative model-building, structure refinement, and densitytool for iterative model- building, structure refinement andusing RESOLVE or TEXTAL model- building, RESOLVE statistical

Terwilliger, T. C.; Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mailstop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0XY, England

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells - Refining the Message Initiating a National Dialogue and Educational Agenda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Refining the Message Initiating aApril 1, 2005 Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Refining the Messagethe communication problem. Hydrogen and fuel cells have now

Eggert, Anthony; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom; Ogden, Joan M; Sperling, Dan; Winston, Emily

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Steps taken at Malelane refinery to improve refined sugar quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The refinery at Malelane has in the past produced refined sugar for the consumer market. A decision was taken by the management of Transvaal Sugar (TSB) to produce a quality of refined sugar that would also be acceptable to the industrial and the export markets. The processes that were evaluated and implemented at the Malelane refinery during the past three seasons to achieve this objective, are described.

M Moodley; Pm Schorn

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Ultrasonic Sensor to Characterize Wood Pulp During Refining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel sensor concept has been developed for measuring the consistency, the degree of refining, the water retention value (WRV), and the consistency of wood pulp during the refining process. The measurement time is less than 5 minutes and the sensor can operate in a slip-stream of the process line or as an at-line instrument. The consistency is obtained from a calibration, in which the attenuation of ultrasound through the pulp suspension is measured as a function of the solids weight percentage. The degree of refining and the WRV are determined from settling measurements. The settling of a pulp suspension (consistency less than 0.5 Wt%) is observed, after the mixer that keeps the pulp uniformly distributed is turned off. The attenuation of ultrasound as a function of time is recorded and these data show a peak, after a certain delay, defined as the peak time. The degree of refining increases with the peak time, as demonstrated by measuring pulp samples with different degrees of refining. The WRV can be determined using the relative peak time, defined as the ratio T2/T1, where T1 is an initial value of the peak time and T2 is the value after additional refining. This method offers an additional WRV test for the industry, because the freeness test is not specific for the WRV.

Greenwood, Margaret S.; Panetta, Paul D.; Bond, Leonard J.; McCaw, M. W.

2006-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

294

Renaissance Zones (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Renaissance Zones allow qualifying businesses and individuals to claim one or more tax incentives for purchasing, leasing, or making improvements to real property located in a North Dakota...

295

North America Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't32DepartmentWells |ofDepartment ofLiven t e g rNorth American

296

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- American Smelting and Refining Co - CO  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou are here Home » SitesNJ 24Alexandria -TX0-01

297

Energy Policy Commission (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Created in 2007 by the North Dakota Legislative Assembly, the EmPower North Dakota Commission designed a comprehensive energy policy for the state of North Dakota. Since 2007 the Commission has...

298

Direct Refinement against ProtonProton Dipolar Couplings in NMR Structure Determination of Macromolecules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct Refinement against Proton­Proton Dipolar Couplings in NMR Structure Determination in macromolecular structure refinement are pre- sented. Potentials are described for direct refinement against 1 H­1 dipolar coupling refinement is illustrated using the small protein ubiquitin. It is shown that direct 1 H

Clore, G. Marius

299

Adaptive mesh refinement for shocks and material interfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are three kinds of adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) in structured meshes. Block-based AMR sometimes over refines meshes. Cell-based AMR treats cells cell by cell and thus loses the advantage of the nature of structured meshes. Patch-based AMR is intended to combine advantages of block- and cell-based AMR, i.e., the nature of structured meshes and sharp regions of refinement. But, patch-based AMR has its own difficulties. For example, patch-based AMR typically cannot preserve symmetries of physics problems. In this paper, we will present an approach for a patch-based AMR for hydrodynamics simulations. The approach consists of clustering, symmetry preserving, mesh continuity, flux correction, communications, management of patches, and load balance. The special features of this patch-based AMR include symmetry preserving, efficiency of refinement across shock fronts and material interfaces, special implementation of flux correction, and patch management in parallel computing environments. To demonstrate the capability of the AMR framework, we will show both two- and three-dimensional hydrodynamics simulations with many levels of refinement.

Dai, William Wenlong [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Coevolution of continental ice cover and permafrost extent over the last glacial-interglacial cycle in North  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in North America Lev Tarasov1 and W. R. Peltier2 Received 14 August 2006; revised 20 March 2007; accepted both the most intense growth and recession phases. Citation: Tarasov, L., and W. R. Peltier (2007 of ice sheets across the North American continent [e.g., Tarasov and Peltier, 1999; Marshall et al., 2000

Peltier, W. Richard

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

US refiners choose variety of routes to MTBE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that refiners and merchant manufacturers in the U.S. are gearing up to produce the large volumes of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) needed to comply with oxygenated gasoline requirements. The 1990 U.S. Clean Air Act Amendments specify that, as of the first of this coming November, gasoline containing a minimum of 2.7 wt % oxygen must be sold in 39 CO-nonattainment cities. Refiners and others are scurrying to bring MTBE capacity on line in time to meet this requirement. Many U.S. refiners already have some operating MTBE capacity, but this will not be nearly enough to meet the looming increase in demand. As a result, additional capacity is being constructed worldwide.

Rhodes, A.K.

1992-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

302

Trends in heavy oil production and refining in California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is one of a series of publications assessing the feasibility of increasing domestic heavy oil production and is part of a study being conducted for the US Department of Energy. This report summarizes trends in oil production and refining in Canada. Heavy oil (10{degrees} to 20{degrees} API gravity) production in California has increased from 20% of the state`s total oil production in the early 1940s to 70% in the late 1980s. In each of the three principal petroleum producing districts (Los Angeles Basin, Coastal Basin, and San Joaquin Valley) oil production has peaked then declined at different times throughout the past 30 years. Thermal production of heavy oil has contributed to making California the largest producer of oil by enhanced oil recovery processes in spite of low oil prices for heavy oil and stringent environmental regulation. Opening of Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1, Elk Hills (CA) field in 1976, brought about a major new source of light oil at a time when light oil production had greatly declined. Although California is a major petroleum-consuming state, in 1989 the state used 13.3 billion gallons of gasoline or 11.5% of US demand but it contributed substantially to the Nation`s energy production and refining capability. California is the recipient and refines most of Alaska`s 1.7 million barrel per day oil production. With California production, Alaskan oil, and imports brought into California for refining, California has an excess of oil and refined products and is a net exporter to other states. The local surplus of oil inhibits exploitation of California heavy oil resources even though the heavy oil resources exist. Transportation, refining, and competition in the market limit full development of California heavy oil resources.

Olsen, D.K.; Ramzel, E.B.; Pendergrass, R.A. II

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Trends in heavy oil production and refining in California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is one of a series of publications assessing the feasibility of increasing domestic heavy oil production and is part of a study being conducted for the US Department of Energy. This report summarizes trends in oil production and refining in Canada. Heavy oil (10{degrees} to 20{degrees} API gravity) production in California has increased from 20% of the state's total oil production in the early 1940s to 70% in the late 1980s. In each of the three principal petroleum producing districts (Los Angeles Basin, Coastal Basin, and San Joaquin Valley) oil production has peaked then declined at different times throughout the past 30 years. Thermal production of heavy oil has contributed to making California the largest producer of oil by enhanced oil recovery processes in spite of low oil prices for heavy oil and stringent environmental regulation. Opening of Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1, Elk Hills (CA) field in 1976, brought about a major new source of light oil at a time when light oil production had greatly declined. Although California is a major petroleum-consuming state, in 1989 the state used 13.3 billion gallons of gasoline or 11.5% of US demand but it contributed substantially to the Nation's energy production and refining capability. California is the recipient and refines most of Alaska's 1.7 million barrel per day oil production. With California production, Alaskan oil, and imports brought into California for refining, California has an excess of oil and refined products and is a net exporter to other states. The local surplus of oil inhibits exploitation of California heavy oil resources even though the heavy oil resources exist. Transportation, refining, and competition in the market limit full development of California heavy oil resources.

Olsen, D.K.; Ramzel, E.B.; Pendergrass, R.A. II.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

,"Weekly Refiner Net Production"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2.Reformulated, Average Refiner GasolineAllRefiner Net Production"

305

Nature Preserves (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Parks and Recreation Department is responsible for managing and acquiring designated nature areas in the state of North Dakota. New construction and development is severely restricted on these...

306

DELIVERABLE Central North Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, as that has the same learning, but for more cost and more scale-up risk. The Central North Sea can produce into a guaranteed network for transportation and storage of captured CO2. Recent studies examining the levelised

Haszeldine, Stuart

307

Dam Safety (North Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

North Carolina Administrative Code Title 15A, Subchapter 2K lays out further regulations for the design, approval, construction, maintenance, and inspection of dams to ensure public safety and...

308

Energy Efficiency Improvement in the Petroleum RefiningIndustry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Information has proven to be an important barrier inindustrial energy efficiency improvement. Voluntary government programsaim to assist industry to improve energy efficiency by supplyinginformation on opportunities. ENERGY STAR(R) supports the development ofstrong strategic corporate energy management programs, by providingenergy management information tools and strategies. This paper summarizesENERGY STAR research conducted to develop an Energy Guide for thePetroleum Refining industry. Petroleum refining in the United States isthe largest in the world, providing inputs to virtually every economicsector, including the transport sector and the chemical industry.Refineries spend typically 50 percent of the cash operating costs (e.g.,excluding capital costs and depreciation) on energy, making energy amajor cost factor and also an important opportunity for cost reduction.The petroleum refining industry consumes about 3.1 Quads of primaryenergy, making it the single largest industrial energy user in the UnitedStates. Typically, refineries can economically improve energy efficiencyby 20 percent. The findings suggest that given available resources andtechnology, there are substantial opportunities to reduce energyconsumption cost-effectively in the petroleum refining industry whilemaintaining the quality of the products manufactured.

Worrell, Ernst; Galitsky, Christina

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Mutually refining DPCM system with applications in frame erasure channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the design of a mutually refining DPCM (MR-DPCM) system and its applications to frame erasure channels. MR-DPCM is a system that uses diversity to overcome channel impairments. In this thesis the design for a two channel system...

Sutharsan, Thirunathan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

A Refined Difference Field Theory for Symbolic Summation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article we present a refined summation theory based on Karr's difference field approach. The resulting algorithms find sum representations with optimal nested depth. For instance, the algorithms have been applied successively to evaluate Feynman integrals from Perturbative Quantum Field Theory.

Carsten Schneider

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

311

Note on refined topological vertex, Jack polynomials and instanton counting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article, we calculated the refined topological vertex for the one parameter case using the Jack symmetric functions. Also, we obtain the partition function for elliptic N=2 models, the results coincide with those of Nekrasov instanton counting partition functions for the $N=2^{\\ast}$ theories.

Jianfeng Wu

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

312

Refined Chern-Simons Theory and Knot Homology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The refined Chern-Simons theory is a one-parameter deformation of the ordinary Chern-Simons theory on Seifert manifolds. It is defined via an index of the theory on N M5 branes, where the corresponding one-parameter deformation is a natural deformation of the geometric background. Analogously with the unrefined case, the solution of refined Chern-Simons theory is given in terms of S and T matrices, which are the proper Macdonald deformations of the usual ones. This provides a direct way to compute refined Chern-Simons invariants of a wide class of three-manifolds and knots. The knot invariants of refined Chern-Simons theory are conjectured to coincide with the knot superpolynomials -- Poincare polynomials of the triply graded knot homology theory. This conjecture is checked for a large number of torus knots in S^3, colored by the fundamental representation. This is a short, expository version of arXiv:1105.5117, with some new results included.

Mina Aganagic; Shamil Shakirov

2012-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

313

Refined functional relations for the elliptic SOS model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we refine the method of [1] and obtain a novel kind of functional equation determining the partition function of the elliptic SOS model with domain wall boundaries. This functional relation is originated from the dynamical Yang-Baxter algebra and its solution is given in terms of multiple contour integrals.

W. Galleas

2012-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

314

#PRL --A Proof Refinement Calculus for Classical Reasoning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#µPRL -- A Proof Refinement Calculus for Classical Reasoning in Computational Type Theory Nuria, 14482 Potsdam, Germany {brede,kreitz}@cs.uni­potsdam.de Abstract. We present a hybrid proof calculus #µPRL to con­ structive proofs and show that the restriction of #µPRL to µ­safe proof terms is sound

Kreitz, Christoph

315

PRL A Proof Refinement Calculus for Classical Reasoning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

µPRL ­ A Proof Refinement Calculus for Classical Reasoning in Computational Type Theory Nuria Brede, Germany {brede,kreitz}@cs.uni-potsdam.de Abstract. We present a hybrid proof calculus µPRL that combines and show that the restriction of µPRL to µ-safe proof terms is sound and complete for intuitionistic

Kreitz, Christoph

316

Electron beam melting and refining state of the art 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the proceedings of the Electron Beam Melting and Refining - State of the Art 1995 Conference. It contains 23 of the 30 scheduled papers. Papers cover an array of electron beam melting applications, from industrial plating of metal strip, through government work on manufacturing and processing fissile alloys. Separate abstracts have been prepared for articles from this proceedings.

Bakish, R. [ed.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

317

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Prices Figure J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1996 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No....

318

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Prices Figure J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1995 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No....

319

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

4. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Prices Figure J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1997 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No....

320

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

71.8 W 70.5 78.9 W 76.0 83.6 W 69.2 75.2 See footnotes at end of table. 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District and State 176 Energy Information...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W 68.4 70.8 W W 78.6 W 85.7 81.8 W 69.3 73.8 See footnotes at end of table. 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District and State 176 Energy Information...

322

Time Critical Isosurface Refinement And Smoothing V. Pascucci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the global geometry of the embedding (no self- intersections) of any approximated level of detail: (i) a progressive al- gorithm that builds a multi-resolution surface by successive refine- ments so of the U.S. Depart- ment of Energy by University of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under

Texas at Austin, University of

323

An accuracy study of mesh refinement on mapped grids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An accuracy study of mesh refinement on mapped grids D. Calhoun and R. J. LeVeque, October, 2003 on a highly skewed portion of a mapped grid. Smooth and shock-wave solutions to the Euler equations are used interface. Key words: gas dynamics, finite-volume, finite-difference, Cartesian grid, mapped grids

Calhoun, Donna

324

Department of Computing Stepwise Refinement in Event-B||CSP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Event-B||CSP Part 1: Safety Steve Schneider, Helen Treharne and Heike Wehrheim March 12th 2011 #12;Stepwise Refinement in Event-B CSP Part 1: Safety Steve Schneider1 Helen Treharne1 Heike Wehrheim2 1, 2011 Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 CSP 3 2.1 Notation

Doran, Simon J.

325

TOPICAL PAPER Potential Synergies and Challenges in Refining Cellulosic Biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TOPICAL PAPER Potential Synergies and Challenges in Refining Cellulosic Biomass to Fuels, Chemicals that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, enhance energy security, improve the economy, dispose of such products, and sugar costs are predicted to drop with plant size as a result of economies of scale

California at Riverside, University of

326

Smithsonian American Art Museum 1 Smithsonian American Art Museum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smithsonian American Art Museum 1 Smithsonian American Art Museum INVENTORY OF AMERICAN PAINTINGS): ___________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ EXECUTION DATE (if approximate, precede with circa): _____________________________ MEDIA oil pastel for contributing information to the national Inventory of American Paintings. Address completed reports

Mathis, Wayne N.

327

American Academy of Sleep Medicine American Academy of Sleep Medicine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American Academy of Sleep Medicine American Academy of Sleep Medicine The following product has been developed by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Copyright 2003 American Academy of Sleep: (708) 492-0943 Visit Us at www.aasmnet.org #12; American Academy of Sleep Medicine American Academy

Goldman, Steven A.

328

Pervasive poleward shifts among North American bird species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate change is expected to influence species geographic distributions in the form of poleward and upward range expansion combined with extirpations from the equatorial and downslope sides of the distribution, but such shifts observed to date...

Peterson, A. Townsend; Martí nez-Meyer, Enrique

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

North American Energy Ministers Take Further Action on Energy...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

their commitment to further aligning energy-efficiency standards on key consumer products, noting that recent collaborative efforts had resulted in the harmonization of...

330

ORIGINAL PAPER Would North American Paleoindians have Noticed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on reservoirs of greenhouse gases (including carbon dioxide and methane) and, in turn, on radiocarbon dating patterns (Faught 2008, p. 689); led to regional abandonment, `the demise of th

Holliday, Vance T.

331

North American Mobility Program Exchange Program with Memorial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies Water and Soil Science Waste Management #12;Horticulture Gardens #12;Rock Garden #12;The Marine ·Advanced Diplomas ·Sustainable Aquaculture ·Food Safety ·Coastal Zone Management ·Water Quality · Diplomas Molecular Biology and Genetics Organic Agriculture Plant and Animal Physiology Resource Management Rural

Buehrer, R. Michael

332

Invasion history of North American Canada thistle, Cirsium arvense  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Guggisberg1 *, Erik Welk2 , Rene Sforza3 , David P. Horvath4 , James V. Anderson4 , Michael E. Foley4

Rieseberg, Loren

333

The fractionation and characterization of two North American lignites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assignments for the TMSI Reaction Page TI Product of the Gascoyne Bitumen LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE I, Extraction and Fractionation Scheme for the Page Gascoyne Lignite 24 2. X-Ray Diffractogram of the Low-Temperature Ash of the Demineralized Wilcox... the required data by inductively coupled argon plasma-atomic emissions spectrometry, which was essential in the completion of the thesis. Many thanks goes out to Ahmad Moini for performing the X-ray diffraction on the samples submitted. Finally, I wish...

Garcia Juan Manuel

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Diesel Engine Strategy & North American Market Challenges, Technology...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

engine into every vehicle? GM's Long Term Vision GM's Long Term Vision Remove the automobile from the energy & environmental equation Remove the automobile from the energy &...

335

North American Short Line and Regional Railroads Industry Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

45G Short Line Tax Credit 45G Short Line Tax Credit government owned short lines government owned short lines State grants State grants D.O.E. investment D.O.E. investment...

336

Fourth North American Symposium on Assessing the Environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reflect the views of the CEC or the governments of Canada, Mexico or the United States. This draft paper. How does trucking contribute to the correlation of air pollution at border ports relative to other trucking delays, congestion and air pollution problems at the border ports? This paper provides answers

337

North American Carsharing: A Ten-Year Retrospective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

136. (10) Katzev, R. Car Sharing: A New Approach to UrbanJ. Burkhardt. TCRP Report 108: Car-Sharing: Where and How ItCustomer Survey Shows Car-Sharing Leads to Car Shedding.

Shaheen, Susan; Cohen, Adam P.; Chung, Melissa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

North American Carsharing: A Ten-Year Retrospective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

136. (10) Katzev, R. Car Sharing: A New Approach to UrbanJ. Burkhardt. TCRP Report 108: Car-Sharing: Where and How ItCustomer Survey Shows Car-Sharing Leads to Car Shedding.

Shaheen, Susan A; Cohen, Adam; Chung, Melissa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Stature Estimation Formulae for Indigenous North American Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 Center for Archaeological Investigations, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901 3, and a Great Plains group. Sex-specific ordinary least squares regression formulae were developed based

Auerbach, Benjamin M.

340

Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Discovery in Elite North American Potato Germplasm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the representation of the potato transcriptome, we alignedPage 3 of 11 Table 2 Potato sequence and assembly statisticscultivars. Thus, we used the potato draft genome sequence

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

NEMVP: North American energy measurement and verification protocol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This measurement and verification protocol discusses procedures that,when implemented, allow buyers, sellers, and financiers of energy projects to quantify energy conservation measure performance and savings.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

AN EXAMINATION OF WOOD RECYCLING PROVISIONS IN NORTH AMERICAN GREEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-use and recycling. About 90 green building standards were examined. Current green building programs were determined (ASHRAE) come closest to universally describing the differences between these terms: Recovered Material Building Standards To understand how wood recycling is addressed in green building standards, about 90

343

Understanding how the North American Monsoon creates an ozone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EPA NEI-05 + Mexico NEI · Biogenic emissions: MEGAN ­ online calculation based on T, PAR · Wildfire enhancement over southern US due to convective transport of O3 and its precursors coincident with lightning-produced NOx ­ The location of maximum O3 values is anywhere from northern Mexico to Florida #12;Previous work

344

Endemism and functional convergence across the North American soil mycobiome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Earth system models that inform citizens and policy makers of ecosystem dynamics and energy exchange

Silver, Whendee

345

Energy Secretary Moniz Will Host North American Energy Ministers in  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecember 2005DepartmentDecember 2011District |Department of Energy Visits

346

Opportunity Assessment Clean Diesels in the North American Light Duty  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDiesel Enginesthe U.S. -- An Overview |Market |

347

Secretary Chu Visits the 2012 North American International Auto Show |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2) Sr (2)ScienceScientistsON THE5, 2010TopNamed CalTours

348

North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISO

349

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Report -  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISOMeeting

350

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Report - Model  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISOMeetingValidation Using

351

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Report - Phasor  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISOMeetingValidation

352

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Reports |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan:

353

North American Wind Energy Academy 2015 Symposium | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan:Department of

354

North American Energy Ministers Meeting | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartment ofJaredOak Ridge’sCutWorkersNiketa Kumar -News Media

355

Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North American  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe10IO1OP001 LetterLight-Duty11.2.13 Liquid FuelsLiquid

356

Diesel Engine Strategy & North American Market Challenges, Technology and  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct, Parent CompanyaUSAMPRelated PathStrategy |inGrowth |

357

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't32Department ofMovingJanuary1 | EnergyFactFluor NOPRUSNIC NOPR|

358

Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges |

359

Competition and Reliability in North American Electricity Markets Technical  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmart Grid RFI:Fresno U.S. DepartmentWorkshop | Department of

360

Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets: Issue Paper  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmart Grid RFI:Fresno U.S. DepartmentWorkshop | Department

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Secretary Chu Visits the 2012 North American International Auto Show |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' Research |Regulation Services2014Need forDepartmentof theofD.C.Secretary Chu

362

North American Standard Level VI Inspection Program Update: Ensuring Safe  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15, 2010 PrintingNeed forNews »Department ofMeeting

363

North American Market Challenges for Diesel Engines | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F S iPartnership ProgramDepartment ofCatalysts

364

Bootstrapping a Sustainable North American PEM Fuel Cell Industry...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and fuel cell vehicles (Greene et al., 2008). The market for non-automotive PEM fuel cells, on the other hand, may be much closer to commercial viability (Stone, 2006)....

365

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

themes were: 1. softwood market developments, and 2. wood energy and wood mobilization. The main use of wood for energy throughout the UNECE region, driven by policy measures and high oil prices development, which will have to try to balance the needs of the established wood products sector and the bio-energy

366

Necessity and Requirements of a Collaborative Effort to Develop a Large Wind Turbine Blade Test Facility in North America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The wind power industry in North America has an immediate need for larger blade test facilities to ensure the survival of the industry. Blade testing is necessary to meet certification and investor requirements and is critical to achieving the reliability and blade life needed for the wind turbine industry to succeed. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Wind Program is exploring options for collaborating with government, private, or academic entities in a partnership to build larger blade test facilities in North America capable of testing blades up to at least 70 m in length. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) prepared this report for DOE to describe the immediate need to pursue larger blade test facilities in North America, categorize the numerous prospective partners for a North American collaboration, and document the requirements for a North American test facility.

Cotrell, J.; Musial, W.; Hughes, S.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Development of miscella refining process for cottonseed oil-isopropyl alcohol system: laboratory-scale evaluations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A technologically feasible cottonseed oil-isopropyl alcohol (IPA) miscella refining process was developed to produce high quality cottonseed oil. Individual steps necessary to refine cottonseed oil-IPA miscella were determined and improved...

Chau, Chi-Fai

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

ASSESSMENT AND REFINEMENT OF REAL-TIME TRAVEL TIME ALGORITHMS FOR USE IN PRACTICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASSESSMENT AND REFINEMENT OF REAL-TIME TRAVEL TIME ALGORITHMS FOR USE IN PRACTICE Final Report AND REFINEMENT OF REAL-TIME TRAVEL TIME ALGORITHMS FOR USE IN PRACTICE 5. Report Date June 2007 Final Report 6

Bertini, Robert L.

369

WELDABILITY OF GRAIN-REFINED Fe-12Ni-0.25Ti STEEL FOR CRYOGENIC APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Cryogenic Nickel Steels, WRC Bull, 205, May, 1975.REFINED Fe-12Ni-0.25Ti STEEL FOR CRYOGENIC APPLICATIONS D.E.REFINED Fe-12Ni-0.25Ti STEEL FOR CRYOGENIC APPLICATIONS D.

Morris Jr., J.W.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Microsoft Word - CX-NorthBonneville-RossNorthBonneville-Troutdale...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Erich Orth Civil Engineer - TEP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: North Bonneville-Ross 1 230-kV, North...

371

Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Coupled Elliptic-Hyperbolic Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a modification to the Berger and Oliger adaptive mesh refinement algorithm designed to solve systems of coupled, non-linear, hyperbolic and elliptic partial differential equations. Such systems typically arise during constrained evolution of the field equations of general relativity. The novel aspect of this algorithm is a technique of "extrapolation and delayed solution" used to deal with the non-local nature of the solution of the elliptic equations, driven by dynamical sources, within the usual Berger and Oliger time-stepping framework. We show empirical results demonstrating the effectiveness of this technique in axisymmetric gravitational collapse simulations. We also describe several other details of the code, including truncation error estimation using a self-shadow hierarchy, and the refinement-boundary interpolation operators that are used to help suppress spurious high-frequency solution components ("noise").

Frans Pretorius; Matthew W. Choptuik

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

A refined position catalog of the Swift XRT afterglows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a catalogue of refined positions of 68 gamma ray burst (GRB) afterglows observed by the Swift X-ray Telescope (XRT) from the launch up to 2005 Oct 16. This is a result of the refinement of the XRT boresight calibration. We tested this correction by means of a systematic study of a large sample of X-ray sources observed by XRT with well established optical counterparts. We found that we can reduce the systematic error radius of the measurements by a factor of two, from 6.5" to 3.2" (90% of confidence). We corrected all the positions of the afterglows observed by XRT in the first 11 months of the Swift mission. This is particularly important for the 37 X-ray afterglows without optical counterpart. Optical follow-up of dark GRBs, in fact, will be more efficient with the use of the more accurate XRT positions.

A. Moretti; M. Perri; M. Capalbi; L. Angelini; J. E. Hill; S. Campana; D. N. Burrows; J. P. Osborne; G. Tagliaferri; G. Cusumano; P. Giommi; P. Romano; T. Mineo; J. Kennea; D. Morris; J. Nousek; C. Pagani; J. Racusin; A. F. Abbey; A. P. Beardmore; O. Godet; M. R. Goad; K. L. Page; A. A. Wells; G. Chincarini

2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

373

p-Adic refinable functions and MRA-based wavelets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We described a wide class of $p$-adic refinable equations generating $p$-adic multiresolution analysis. A method for the construction of $p$-adic orthogonal wavelet bases within the framework of the MRA theory is suggested. A realization of this method is illustrated by an example, which gives a new 3-adic wavelet basis. Another realization leads to the $p$-adic Haar bases which were known before.

A. Yu. Khrennikov; V. M. Shelkovich; M. Skopina

2007-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

374

Refined topological amplitudes in N=1 flux compactification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the implication of refined topological string amplitudes in the supersymmetric N=1 flux compactification. They generate higher derivative couplings among the vector multiplets and graviphoton with generically non-holomorphic moduli dependence. For a particular term, we can compute them by assuming the geometric engineering. We claim that the Dijkgraaf-Vafa large N matrix model with the beta-ensemble measure directly computes the higher derivative corrections to the supersymmetric effective action of the supersymmetric N=1$ gauge theory.

Yu Nakayama

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

375

REFINING AND END USE STUDY OF COAL LIQUIDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document summarizes all of the work conducted as part of the Refining and End Use Study of Coal Liquids. There were several distinct objectives set, as the study developed over time: (1) Demonstration of a Refinery Accepting Coal Liquids; (2) Emissions Screening of Indirect Diesel; (3) Biomass Gasification F-T Modeling; and (4) Updated Gas to Liquids (GTL) Baseline Design/Economic Study.

Unknown

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

China`s refining/petrochemical industry continues expansion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China`s downstream petroleum industry decreased refinery throughput and increased petrochemical production in 1994, compared to 1993 data. A report titled ``China Petroleum Industry `94,`` issued by China Petroleum Newsletter, a publication of China Petroleum Information Institute, summarized China`s refined products and petrochemical production figures for 1994. The report also listed important construction projects at China`s downstream plants. This paper presents data from this report.

NONE

1995-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

377

Refining Bio-Oil alongside Petroleum | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativeEnvironment,Institutes and Launches theResidentialRecoveryWaste and SaveRefining

378

Protein extraction in the refinement of Coastal Bermudagrass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, phosphoric acid, gaseous hydrochloric acid, anhydrous ammonia and ethylendiamine (Chang et aL, 1981; Wylie and Steen, 1988). Also the use of organic solvents such as hexane or cadoxen ([Cd(ethylendiamine)3](OH)2, cadmium ethylendiamine) (Ladisch et al... and lignin. Integrated conversion of the entire "barrel of biomass" (also referred to as biomass refining), is essential to obtain good system economics. This study evaluated the use of the Ammonia Fiber Explosion (AFEX) process in an integrated conversion...

De La Rosa Perez, Luis Bernardo

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Lattice refining loop quantum cosmology, anisotropic models and stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A general class of loop quantizations for anisotropic models is introduced and discussed, which enhances loop quantum cosmology by relevant features seen in inhomogeneous situations. The main new effect is an underlying lattice which is being refined during dynamical changes of the volume. In general, this leads to a new feature of dynamical difference equations which may not have constant step-size, posing new mathematical problems. It is discussed how such models can be evaluated and what lattice refinements imply for semiclassical behavior. Two detailed examples illustrate that stability conditions can put strong constraints on suitable refinement models, even in the absence of a fundamental Hamiltonian which defines changes of the underlying lattice. Thus, a large class of consistency tests of loop quantum gravity becomes available. In this context, it will also be seen that quantum corrections due to inverse powers of metric components in a constraint are much larger than they appeared recently in more special treatments of isotropic, free scalar models where they were artificially suppressed.

Martin Bojowald; Daniel Cartin; Gaurav Khanna

2007-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

380

Refinements of the Weyl tensor classification in five dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We refine the null alignment classification of the Weyl tensor of a five-dimensional spacetime. The paper focusses on the algebraically special alignment types {\\bf {N}}, {\\bf {III}}, {\\bf {II}} and {\\bf {D}}, while types {\\bf {I}} and {\\bf {G}} are briefly discussed. A first refinement is provided by the notion of spin type of the components of highest boost weight. Second, we analyze the Segre types of the Weyl operator acting on bivector space and examine the intersection with the spin type classification. We present a full treatment for types {\\bf {N}} and {\\bf {III}}, and illustrate the classification from different viewpoints (Segre type, rank, spin type) for types {\\bf {II}} and {\\bf {D}}, paying particular attention to possible nilpotence, which is a new feature of higher dimensions. We also point out other essential differences with the four-dimensional case. In passing, we exemplify the refined classification by mentioning the special subtypes associated to certain important spacetimes, such as Myers-Perry black holes, black strings, Robinson-Trautman spacetimes, and purely electric/magnetic type {\\bf {D}} spacetimes.

Alan Coley; Sigbjorn Hervik; Marcello Ortaggio; Lode Wylleman

2012-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Refined similarity hypotheses in shell models of turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A major challenge in turbulence research is to understand from first principles the origin of anomalous scaling of the velocity fluctuations in high-Reynolds-number turbulent flows. One important idea was proposed by Kolmogorov [J. Fluid Mech. {\\bf 13}, 82 (1962)], which attributes the anomaly to the variations of the locally averaged energy dissipation rate. Kraichnan later pointed out [J. Fluid Mech. {\\bf 62}, 305 (1973)] that the locally averaged energy dissipation rate is not an inertial-range quantity and a proper inertial-range quantity would be the local energy transfer rate. As a result, Kraichnan's idea attributes the anomaly to the variations of the local energy transfer rate. These ideas, generally known as refined similarity hypotheses, can also be extended to study the anomalous scaling of fluctuations of an active scalar, like the temperature in turbulent convection. In this paper, we examine the validity of these refined similarity hypotheses and their extensions to an active scalar in shell models of turbulence. We find that Kraichnan's refined similarity hypothesis and its extension are valid.

Emily S. C. Ching; H. Guo; T. S. Lo

2008-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

382

U. S. refiners move into another challenging technical era  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the transition to unleaded gasoline scarcely behind us, another new era is dawning for the U.S. refiner. No one yet knows the exact configuration of the refinery of the future and no two refineries are likely to adapt in exactly the same way. What is certain, however, is that by the year 2000, refineries will be more technologically advanced, their products will be more environmentally acceptable, and their operators will be more highly trained. The typical U.S. refinery in the year 2000 will be located at an existing refinery site because economic and environmental considerations will make it impossible to build new grassroots capacity. As a result of the Clean Air act, the refinery of tomorrow will produce cleaner fuels The entire U.S. gasoline pool will likely be reformulated. Most of the diesel fuel pool will consist of ultralow-sulfur product. And jet fuel-which is experiencing rapid demand growth-will be an increasingly important product. Many existing refining process will remain in use, but they will be more efficient and more technologically advanced. Energy efficiency will be a primary concern, as refiners seek to combat ever-increasing crude oil costs and refinery operating expenses. The refinery of the future also will be much more environmentally acceptable. The article is a closer look at the refinery of the future.

Hall, J.R. (Ashland Oil Inc., Ashland, KY (US))

1991-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

383

Evolutions in 3D numerical relativity using fixed mesh refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of 3D numerical simulations using a finite difference code featuring fixed mesh refinement (FMR), in which a subset of the computational domain is refined in space and time. We apply this code to a series of test cases including a robust stability test, a nonlinear gauge wave and an excised Schwarzschild black hole in an evolving gauge. We find that the mesh refinement results are comparable in accuracy, stability and convergence to unigrid simulations with the same effective resolution. At the same time, the use of FMR reduces the computational resources needed to obtain a given accuracy. Particular care must be taken at the interfaces between coarse and fine grids to avoid a loss of convergence at higher resolutions, and we introduce the use of "buffer zones" as one resolution of this issue. We also introduce a new method for initial data generation, which enables higher-order interpolation in time even from the initial time slice. This FMR system, "Carpet", is a driver module in the freely available Cactus computational infrastructure, and is able to endow generic existing Cactus simulation modules ("thorns") with FMR with little or no extra effort.

Erik Schnetter; Scott H. Hawley; Ian Hawke

2004-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

384

North America Europe Central &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Per capita consumption Population (100 millions) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 North America Western Europe Per capita consumption Population (100 millions) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 #12;2 % of habitat alteration from% of habitat alteration from per capita consumptionper capita consumption #s above bars are m2 per

Johnson, Matthew

385

Protein NMR Structures Refined with Rosetta Have Higher Accuracy Relative to Corresponding Xray Crystal Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protein NMR Structures Refined with Rosetta Have Higher Accuracy Relative to Corresponding Xray Information ABSTRACT: We have found that refinement of protein NMR structures using Rosetta with experimental in the PDB using standard refinement protocols. Using 40 pairs of NMR and X-ray crystal structures determined

Baker, David

386

proteinsSTRUCTURE O FUNCTION O BIOINFORMATICS A combination of rescoring and refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proteinsSTRUCTURE O FUNCTION O BIOINFORMATICS A combination of rescoring and refinement in protein docking allow for atomic-scale protein complex predictions,3 yet work needs to be done to refine,10,11 reranking,12 and structural refinement13 of the initial set of predictions. Structural

Weng, Zhiping

387

Refinement of the differential gravimetry approach for future inter-satellite observations Matthias Weigelt, Wolfgang Keller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Refinement of the differential gravimetry approach for future inter-satellite observations Matthias Applicability to GRACE ­ Follow On Refinement of the approach Conclusions: Loss of accuracy of several order. For the GRACE Follow-On mission this approach is not working anymore and thus a refinement of the solution

Stuttgart, Universität

388

A comparison of spectral element and finite difference methods using statically refined  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A comparison of spectral element and finite difference methods using statically refined elements on a refined grid, using spectral method (polynomials of order p). · Accuracy convergence rate refinement dynamically or statically. Why considering spectral element? #12;Motivation · Since the main

Ng, Chung-Sang

389

Three Dimensional Adaptive Mesh Refinement on a Spherical Shell for Atmospheric Models with Lagrangian Coordinates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three Dimensional Adaptive Mesh Refinement on a Spherical Shell for Atmospheric Models blocks and splits a block as refinements occur. The current functionality provides automatic generation the use of a longer time step. We have developed an Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR) dynamical core

Jablonowski, Christiane

390

ASSESSMENT AND REFINEMENT OF REAL-TIME TRAVEL TIME ALGORITHMS FOR USE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASSESSMENT AND REFINEMENT OF REAL- TIME TRAVEL TIME ALGORITHMS FOR USE IN PRACTICE (OTREC PHASE I) Final Report #12;#12;ASSESSMENT AND REFINEMENT OF REAL-TIME TRAVEL TIME ALGORITHMS FOR USE IN PRACTICE ASSESSMENT AND REFINEMENT OF REAL-TIME TRAVEL TIME ALGORITHMS FOR USE IN PRACTICE (OTREC PHASE 1) 5. Report

Bertini, Robert L.

391

A Multi-Tiered Genetic Algorithm for Data Mining and Hypothesis Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The second stage of testing was on the ability to take results from a previous algorithm and perform refinement on the data model. Initially, Arcanum was used to refine its own data models. Of the six data models used for hypothesis refinement, Arcanum...

Taylor, Christopher M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Refining GAL4-Driven Transgene Expression in Drosophila With a GAL80 Enhancer-Trap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTER Refining GAL4-Driven Transgene Expression in Drosophila With a GAL80 Enhancer-trap element, P{GAL80}, that encodes the yeast GAL80 repressor to refine expression of transgenes driven neurons. This line was used to refine GFP expression from a set of over 200 neurons to a subset of 20

Sokolowski, Marla

393

Decorrelation of neural activity during fixational instability: Possible implications for the refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the refinement of V1 receptive fields MICHELE RUCCI1 and ANTONINO CASILE2 1 Department of Cognitive and Neural June 10, 2004) Abstract Early in life, visual experience appears to influence the refinement in the experience-dependent refinement of cell response characteristics. To investigate the possible influences

Rucci, Michele

394

Comment on "Data for Refinement and Deposition/Publication" Mariusz Jaskolski (July 13, 2014)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comment on "Data for Refinement and Deposition/Publication" Mariusz Jaskolski (July 13, 2014) 1. My and should be included in the refinement. Therefore, I do not truncate my data only because the high used in the refinement. 3. My leniency toward completeness at high-resolution does not extend

395

Linear iterative refinement method for the rapid simulation of borehole nuclear measurements: Part I --Vertical wells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linear iterative refinement method for the rapid simulation of borehole nuclear measurements: Part a new linear iterative refinement method to simulate nuclear borehole measurements accurately included in the in- tegral form of Boltzmann's equation. The linear iterative refine- ment method accounts

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

396

Refinement and verification of concurrent systems specified in ObjectZ and CSP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Refinement and verification of concurrent systems specified in Object­Z and CSP Graeme Smith­Z and CSP. A common semantic basis for the two languages enables a unified method of refinement to be used, based upon CSP refinement. To enable state­based techniques to be used for the Object­Z components

Smith, Graeme

397

Linear iterative refinement method for the rapid simulation of borehole nuclear measurements: Part 2 --High-angle and horizontal wells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linear iterative refinement method for the rapid simulation of borehole nuclear measurements: Part refinement method to rapidly simulate borehole nuclear measurements acquired in vertical wells neutron and density measurements. Based on new research, we implemented the linear iterative refinement

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

398

Market reactions to animal disease: the case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy discoveries in North America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

disease outbreaks using data from recent U.S. and Canada bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) cases. An empirical study was carried out on the impact of the North American BSE cases. Using a time series approach, this study detected a significant...

Hu, Rong

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

A severe centennial-scale drought in mid-continental North America 4200 years ago  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in timing, duration and magnitude to that recorded in the central North American records. Some regions forcing or amplification of these spatial modes by variations in solar irradiance or volcanism. However are insufficient to estimate magnitude of changes in solar and volcanic forcing at this time. Further research

Booth, Robert K.

400

ORIGINAL PAPER Changes in El Nio and La Nia teleconnections over North  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­America in the global warming simulations Jong-Seong Kug & Soon-Il An & Yoo-Geun Ham & In-Sik Kang Received: 7 July 2008 warming commonly causes the eastward shift of the atmospheric teleconnection patterns over the Northern and La Niña over the North Pacific and American regions due to a future greenhouse warming has been

Kang, In-Sik

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Evolving a puncture black hole with fixed mesh refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an algorithm for treating mesh refinement interfaces in numerical relativity. We detail the behavior of the solution near such interfaces located in the strong field regions of dynamical black hole spacetimes, with particular attention to the convergence properties of the simulations. In our applications of this technique to the evolution of puncture initial data with vanishing shift, we demonstrate that it is possible to simultaneously maintain second order convergence near the puncture and extend the outer boundary beyond 100M, thereby approaching the asymptotically flat region in which boundary condition problems are less difficult and wave extraction is meaningful.

Breno Imbiriba; John Baker; Dae-Il Choi; Joan Centrella; David R. Fiske; J. David Brown; James R. van Meter; Kevin Olson

2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

402

Exact results on ABJ theory and the refined topological string  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the partition function of the ABJ theory, which is the N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons matter theory with gauge group U(N)xU(N+M) and Chern-Simons levels (k,-k). We exactly compute the ABJ partition function on a three sphere for various k, M and N via the Fermi gas approach. By using these exact data, we show that the ABJ partition function is completely determined by the refined topological string on local P^1 x P^1, including membrane instanton effects in the M-theory dual.

Masazumi Honda; Kazumi Okuyama

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

403

Bethe roots and refined enumeration of alternating-sign matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The properties of the most probable ground state candidate for the XXZ spin chain with the anisotropy parameter equal to -1/2 and an odd number of sites is considered. Some linear combinations of the components of the considered state, divided by the maximal component, coincide with the elementary symmetric polynomials in the corresponding Bethe roots. It is proved that those polynomials are equal to the numbers providing the refined enumeration of the alternating-sign matrices of order M+1 divided by the total number of the alternating-sign matrices of order M, for the chain of length 2M+1.

A. V. Razumov; Yu. G. Stroganov

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

404

Changing Trends in the Refining Industry (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

There have been some major changes in the U.S. refining industry recently, prompted in part by a significant decline in the quality of imported crude oil and by increasing restrictions on the quality of finished products. As a result, high-quality crudes, such as the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude that serves as a benchmark for oil futures on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), have been trading at record premiums to the OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) Basket price.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Cogeneration handbook for the petroleum refining industry. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The decision of whether to cogenerate involves several considerations, including technical, economic, environmental, legal, and regulatory issues. Each of these issues is addressed separately in this handbook. In addition, a chapter is included on preparing a three-phase work statement, which is needed to guide the design of a cogeneration system. In addition, an annotated bibliography and a glossary of terminology are provided. Appendix A provides an energy-use profile of the petroleum refining industry. Appendices B through O provide specific information that will be called out in subsequent chapters.

Fassbender, L.L.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Moore, N.L.; Fassbender, A.G.; Eakin, D.E.; Gorges, H.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

North American Journal of Aquaculture 64:228231, 2002 Copyright by the American Fisheries Society 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. E. MAUGHAN AND S. A. BONAR Arizona Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, U.S. Geological/s. A DC electric barrier and screened knife gate valves prevented fish from leaving the test section regulated water velocity with a 3.8-cm adjustable gate valve on the pump outlet. A 1.3-cm PVC pipe attached

Bonar, Scott A.

407

Precedents in African American architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As a sub-sets of American culture, African Americans have not been able to offer culturally specific architectural elements to the design process because the history of African American form and space has not been recognized ...

Sass, Lawrence

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The refined transfer, bundle structures and algebraic K-theory.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give new homotopy theoretic criteria for deciding when a fibration with homotopy finite fibers admits a reduction to a fiber bundle with compact topological manifold fibers. The criteria lead to a new and unexpected result about homeomorphism groups of manifolds. A tool used in the proof is a surjective splitting of the assembly map for Waldhausen's functor A(X). We also give concrete examples of fibrations having a reduction to a fiber bundle with compact topological manifold fibers but which fail to admit a compact fiber smoothing. The examples are detected by algebraic K-theory invariants. We consider a refinement of the Becker-Gottlieb transfer. We show that a version of the axioms described by Becker and Schultz uniquely determines the refined transfer for the class of fibrations admitting a reduction to a fiber bundle with compact topological manifold fibers. In an appendix, we sketch a theory of characteristic classes for fibrations. The classes are primary obstructions to finding a compact fiber smoothing.

John R. Klein; Bruce Williams

409

Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Supersonic Molecular Cloud Turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We performed a series of three-dimensional numerical simulations of supersonic homogeneous Euler turbulence with adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) and effective grid resolution up to 1024^3 zones. Our experiments describe non-magnetized driven supersonic turbulent flows with an isothermal equation of state. Mesh refinement on shocks and shear is implemented to cover dynamically important structures with the highest resolution subgrids and calibrated to match the turbulence statistics obtained from the equivalent uniform grid simulations. We found that at a level of resolution slightly below 512^3, when a sufficient integral/dissipation scale separation is first achieved, the fraction of the box volume covered by the AMR subgrids first becomes smaller than unity. At the higher AMR levels subgrids start covering smaller and smaller fractions of the whole volume, which scale with the Reynolds number as Re^{-1/4}. We demonstrate the consistency of this scaling with a hypothesis that the most dynamically important structures in intermittent supersonic turbulence are strong shocks with a fractal dimension of two. We show that turbulence statistics derived from AMR simulations and simulations performed on uniform grids agree surprisingly well, even though only a fraction of the volume is covered by AMR subgrids. Based on these results, we discuss the signature of dissipative structures in the statistical properties of supersonic turbulence and their role in overall flow dynamics.

Alexei G. Kritsuk; Michael L. Norman; Paolo Padoan

2005-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

410

A refined model for characterizing x-ray multilayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ability to quickly and accurately characterize arbitrary multilayers is very valuable for not only can we use the characterizations to predict the reflectivity of a multilayer for any soft x-ray wavelength, we also can generalize the results to apply to other multilayers of the same type. In addition, we can use the characterizations as a means of evaluating various sputtering environments and refining sputtering techniques to obtain better multilayers. In this report we have obtained improved characterizations for sample molybdenum-silicon and vanadium-silicon multilayers. However, we only examined five crystals overall, so the conclusions that we could draw about the structure of general multilayers is limited. Research involving many multilayers manufactured under the same sputtering conditions is clearly in order. In order to best understand multilayer structures it may be necessary to further refine our model, e.g., adopting a Gaussian form for the interface regions. With such improvements we can expect even better agreement with experimental values and continued concurrence with other characterization techniques. 18 refs., 30 figs., 7 tabs.

Oren, A.L.; Henke, B.L.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

California refiners move smoothly into next phase of RFG  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The California RFG program (CARB RFG) began at the refinery level in March, the terminal level in April and will begin being enforced at the retail level June 1. By all accounts, early implementation is proceeding smoothly, with prices for both gasoline and oxygenates remaining fairly steady. Analysts labeled the introduction of the world`s cleanest gasoline {open_quotes}a non-event{close_quotes}. By April 1, more than half of the retail gasoline stations in California had fully complying CARB RFG. With cumulative investments of more than $3 billion, California`s refiners will be looking to recapture as much of the cost in the marketplace as possible. The incremental cost of CARB RFG production over federal RFG is estimated by refiners to be about 10{cents}/gal, mainly due to the capital investments needed for hydrotreating to reduce sulfur levels. Early batches of fuel on the spot market sold for about 8{cents}/gal over conventional prices, about 4.5{cents}/gal above federal RFG, according to the Oil Price Information Service (OPIS).

Schaffer, S. [ed.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Refining sweet sorghum to ethanol and sugar: economic trade-offs in the context of North China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Gnansounou a,*, A. Dauriat a , C.E. Wyman b a Laboratory of Energy Systems, Swiss Federal Institute 2004 Available online 26 November 2004 Abstract Reducing the use of non-renewable fossil energy rights reserved. Keywords: Energy; Ethanol; Sugar; Sweet sorghum; Economics 1. Introduction Petroleum

California at Riverside, University of

413

Virginia Nuclear Profile - North Anna  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

North Anna" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

414

Ground Water Protection (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

North Dakota has a degradation prevention program for groundwater protection, with standards established by the Department of Health. This section addresses groundwater standards, quality...

415

Influence of Alloy and Solidification Parameters on Grain Refinement in Aluminum Weld Metal due to Inoculation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goals are: (1) Establish how much Ti/B grain refiner is need to completely refine aluminum weld metal for different alloys and different welding conditions; (2) Characterize how alloy composition and solidification parameters affect weld metal grain refinement; and (3) Apply relevant theory to understand observed behavior. Conclusions are: (1) additions of Ti/B grain refiner to weld metal in Alloys 1050, 5083, and 6082 resulted in significant grain refinement; (2) grain refinement was more effective in GTAW than LBW, resulting in finer grains at lower Ti content - reason is limited time available for equiaxed grain growth in LBW (inability to occlude columnar grain growth); (3) welding travel speed did not markedly affect grain size within GTAW and LBW clusters; and (4) application of Hunt CET analysis showed experimental G to be on the order of the critical G{sub CET}; G{sub CET} was consistently higher for GTAW than for LBW.

Schempp, Philipp [BAM, Germany; Tang, Z. [BIAS, Germany; Cross, Carl E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Seefeld, T. [BIAS, Germany; Pittner, A. [BAM, Germany; Rethmeier, M. [BAM, Germany

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

416

Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability 1995-2001  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report assesses the effects of pollution abatement requirements on the financial performance of U.S. petroleum refining and marketing operations during the 1995 to 2001 period. This study is a follow-up to the October 1997 publication entitled The Impact of Environmental Compliance Costs on U.S. Refining Profitability, that focused on the financial impacts of U.S. refining pollution abatement investment requirements in the 1988 to1995 period.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Linkages between the markets for crude oil and the markets for refined products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To understand the crude oil price determination process it is necessary to extend the analysis beyond the markets for petroleum. Crude oil prices are determined in two closely related markets: the markets for crude oil and the markets for refined products. An econometric-linear programming model was developed to capture the linkages between the markets for crude oil and refined products. In the LP refiners maximize profits given crude oil supplies, refining capacities, and prices of refined products. The objective function is profit maximization net of crude oil prices. The shadow price on crude oil gives the netback price. Refined product prices are obtained from the econometric models. The model covers the free world divided in five regions. The model is used to analyze the impacts on the markets of policies that affect crude oil supplies, the demands for refined products, and the refining industry. For each scenario analyzed the demand for crude oil is derived from the equilibrium conditions in the markets for products. The demand curve is confronted with a supply curve which maximizes revenues providing an equilibrium solution for both crude oil and product markets. The model also captures crude oil price differentials by quality. The results show that the demands for crude oil are different across regions due to the structure of the refining industries and the characteristics of the demands for refined products. Changes in the demands for products have a larger impact on the markets than changes in the refining industry. Since markets for refined products and crude oil are interrelated they can't be analyzed individually if an accurate and complete assessment of a policy is to be made. Changes in only one product market in one region affect the other product markets and the prices of crude oil.

Didziulis, V.S.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Smithsonian American Art Museum INVENTORIES OF AMERICAN PAINTING AND SCULPTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smithsonian American Art Museum INVENTORIES OF AMERICAN PAINTING AND SCULPTURE GUIDELINES FOR REPORTING WORKS The INVENTORIES OF AMERICAN PAINTING AND SCULPTURE were created by the Smithsonian American collections around the country. The database for the Inventories references over 360,000 works from two

Mathis, Wayne N.

419

The uses of the refined matrix model recursion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study matrix models in the beta ensemble by building on the refined recursion relation proposed by Chekhov and Eynard. We present explicit results for the first beta-deformed corrections in the one-cut and the two-cut cases, as well as two applications to supersymmetric gauge theories: the calculation of superpotentials in N=1 gauge theories, and the calculation of vevs of surface operators in superconformal N=2 theories and their Liouville duals. Finally, we study the beta deformation of the Chern-Simons matrix model. Our results indicate that this model does not provide an appropriate description of the Omega-deformed topological string on the resolved conifold, and therefore that the beta-deformation might provide a different generalization of topological string theory in toric Calabi-Yau backgrounds.

Andrea Brini; Marcos Marino; Sebastien Stevan

2014-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

420

Fuel and oxygen addition for metal smelting or refining process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A furnace 10 for smelting iron ore and/or refining molten iron 20 is equipped with an overhead pneumatic lance 40, through which a center stream of particulate coal 53 is ejected at high velocity into a slag layer 30. An annular stream of nitrogen or argon 51 enshrouds the coal stream. Oxygen 52 is simultaneously ejected in an annular stream encircling the inert gas stream 51. The interposition of the inert gas stream between the coal and oxygen streams prevents the volatile matter in the coal from combusting before it reaches the slag layer. Heat of combustion is thus more efficiently delivered to the slag, where it is needed to sustain the desired reactions occurring there. A second stream of lower velocity oxygen can be delivered through an outermost annulus 84 to react with carbon monoxide gas rising from slag layer 30, thereby adding still more heat to the furnace.

Schlichting, Mark R. (Chesterton, IN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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421

Refinements in Effective Potential Calculations in the MSSM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The one-loop effective potential is a powerful tool in studying the electroweak symmetry breaking of supersymmetric theories, whose precise calculation may have important phenomenological consequences. In this work, we are correctly treating the contribution of the Higgs sector to the effective potential and refine the radiative corrections to the Higgs mixing parameter $\\mu$, which is known to affect greatly the supersymmetric spectrum. Working at the average stop scale to minimize the effect of the stop sector, we find additional corrections which can play a dominant role in the Focus Point region of the parameter space of the MSSM. The comparison of our results with those of the literature is discussed. We also discuss the gauge dependence of the effective potential and its effect on the $\\mu$ parameter in analyses where this is determined from the 1-loop minimization conditions of the effective potential.

M. Argyrou; A. Katsikatsou; I. Malamos

2006-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

422

Refinements in electroweak contributions to the muon anomalous magnetic moment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of strong interactions on the two loop electroweak radiative corrections to the muon anomalous magnetic moment, $a_\\mu=(g_\\mu-2)/2$, are examined. Short-distance logs are shown to be unaffected. Computation of long-distance contributions is improved by use of an effective field theory approach that preserves the chiral properties of QCD and accounts for constraints from the operator product expansion. Small, previously neglected, two loop contributions, suppressed by a $1-4\\sin^2\\theta_W$ factor, are computed and the complete three loop leading short-distance logs are reevaluated. These refinements lead to a reduction in uncertainties and a slight shift in the total electroweak contribution to $a_\\mu^{\\rm EW} = 154(1)(2)\\times 10^{-11}$ where the first error corresponds to hadronic uncertainties and the second is primarily due to the allowed Higgs mass range.

Andrzej Czarnecki; William J. Marciano; Arkady Vainshtein

2006-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

423

Fuel and oxygen addition for metal smelting or refining process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A furnace for smelting iron ore and/or refining molten iron is equipped with an overhead pneumatic lance, through which a center stream of particulate coal is ejected at high velocity into a slag layer. An annular stream of nitrogen or argon enshrouds the coal stream. Oxygen is simultaneously ejected in an annular stream encircling the inert gas stream. The interposition of the inert gas stream between the coal and oxygen streams prevents the volatile matter in the coal from combusting before it reaches the slag layer. Heat of combustion is thus more efficiently delivered to the slag, where it is needed to sustain the desired reactions occurring there. A second stream of lower velocity oxygen can be delivered through an outermost annulus to react with carbon monoxide gas rising from slag layer, thereby adding still more heat to the furnace. 7 figs.

Schlichting, M.R.

1994-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

424

Global refining beyond the year 2000 - A European perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new French publication from Editions Technip contains a broad-based discussion on the economic and processing parameters that will shape the refinery of the future. Process experts from Institut Francais Du Petrole (IFP) have constructed a {open_quotes}road map{close_quotes} for refining and petrochemical flow schemes that should interest industry planners and decision makers throughout the world. The importance attributed to the characterization of crude oils and petroleum products is stressed. On a directional basis, the industry will see more emphasis on methodologies to improve existing conversion and separation processes. Buzzwords such as biorefining, refinery integrated information systems, petrochemical/refinery integration and many others will find a forum in future publications.

Gonzalez, R.G. [ed.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Quantitative Methods for Strategic and Investment Planning in the Oil-Refining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by one refinery Refinery Opera*onal Planning - Simulate the Refining Scenarios Supply Chain Investments Planning - Test the refinery best scenarios

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

426

E-Print Network 3.0 - administered refined olive Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

refined olive Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 EUROMED SUSTAINABLE CONNECTIONS ANNA LINDH FOUNDATION Summary: most common to the Mediterranean region - the production of Olive Oil. The...

427

Refining and Extending the Business Model with Information Technology: Dell Computer Corporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Dells Direct Business Model Fuels Fifteenth ConsecutiveAND EXTENDING THE REFINING AND EXTENDING THE BUSINESS MODELBUSINESS MODEL CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Kraemer, Kenneth L; Dedrick, Jason; Yamashiro, Sandra

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1998 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

429

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 337 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

430

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

431

Table A3. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Distillate and Residual...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Marketing Annual 1999 441 Table A3. RefinerReseller Prices of Distillate and Residual Fuel Oils, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

432

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) - Continued Year...

433

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 401 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon...

434

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon...

435

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

436

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Year Month...

437

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

438

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) - Continued Year...

439

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

440

E-Print Network 3.0 - alloys grain refinement Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in iron substitutional alloys (Grain size effects on iron... ;14 Objective Grain Size Varistors Hall- Petch Creep Grain refinement A crucial engineering consequence... of the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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441

E-Print Network 3.0 - alloy grain refined Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in iron substitutional alloys (Grain size effects on iron... ;14 Objective Grain Size Varistors Hall- Petch Creep Grain refinement A crucial engineering consequence... of the...

442

E-Print Network 3.0 - amerya petroleum refining Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

11 DOEBCW-31-109-Eng-38-1 (DE96001296) Summary: and Solutions in Exploration, Production and Refining, proceedings of the Second International Petroleum... , Production and...

443

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Marketing Annual 1995 467 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

444

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Marketing Annual 1999 421 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

445

Vision North Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 2011 ? ? FW D 16 County Region for Vision North Texas 5.3M people in 2000; 6.5M in 2010; 9.5M in 2030; 11.7M in 2050 ESL-KT-11-11-18 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11-11-18 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11..., Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11-11-18 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11-11-18 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 2030 ?Business as usual? households/acre ESL-KT-11-11-18 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011...

Walz, K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The great American garage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How does one explore the suburban home? Go in through the garage, of course. Sales, bands, suicides, and business startups: The suburban garage is the most culturally flexible space in the entire American domestic environment. ...

Miller, B. Alex (Brian Alex), 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Asian American women entrepreneurs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are an estimated 620,300 firms owned by Asian American women nationwide, and they contribute $105 billion to the U.S. economy. They are also active in Greater Boston's innovation and entrepreneurship communities. ...

Suh, Clara J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

American Samoa- Net Metering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA), a government-owned electric utility, is the only power provider in this U.S. territory of almost 70,000 people. ASPA's "Interconnection and Net Energy...

449

REFINING PROGRAM HELPS REENERGIZE NEBRASKA UPGRADES | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket37963American |

450

More evidence for a refined Gribov-Zwanziger action based on an effective potential approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this proceeding is twofold. Firstly, we shall make the refining of the Gribov-Zwanziger action more complete by taking into account more condensates than considered so far. Secondly, we shall provide more evidence for the refined Gribov-Zwanziger action based on an effective potential approach.

N. Vandersickel; D. Dudal; S. P. Sorella

2011-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

451

Aspects of Western Refining, Inc.'s Proposed Acquisition of Giant Industries, Inc.  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Presentation of company-level, non-proprietary data and relevant aggregate data for U.S. refinery capacity and gasoline marketing of Western Refining and Giant Industries to inform discussions of Western Refining Inc.'s proposed acquisition of Giant Industries Inc. for a total of $1.5 billion, which was announced August 28, 2006.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Effects of wastewater from an oil-sand-refining operation on survival, hematology, gill histology,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of wastewater from an oil-sand-refining operation on survival, hematology, gill histology the effects of various types of wastewater produced in oil-sand-refining on the survival, hematology, gill. In con- trast, all fish did not survive a 28-day period in any of the wastewaters tested and, in some

Farrell, Anthony P.

453

To appear in EPTCS. A CSP account of Event-B refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To appear in EPTCS. A CSP account of Event-B refinement Steve Schneider Department of Computing a CSP account of Event-B refinement, with a treatment for the first time of splitting events and of anticipated events. To this end, we define a CSP seman- tics for Event-B and show how the different forms

Doran, Simon J.

454

FDR3 --A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FDR3 -- A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong, Alexandre.roscoe}@cs.ox.ac.uk Abstract. FDR3 is a complete rewrite of the CSP refinement checker FDR2, incorporating a significant number describe the new algorithm that FDR3 uses to construct its in- ternal representation of CSP processes

Oxford, University of

455

FDR3 --A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FDR3 -- A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong, Alexandre.roscoe}@cs.ox.ac.uk Abstract. FDR3 is a complete rewrite of the CSP refinement checker FDR2, incorporating a significant number describe the new algorithm that FDR3 uses to construct its internal representation of CSP processes

Oxford, University of

456

Nuclear Power Plant Construction Support (North Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Language in the North Carolina Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard allows a utility to have incurred costs reviewed by the North Carolina Utilities Commission (NCUC)...

457

Refined Properties of the HD 130322 Planetary System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exoplanetary systems closest to the Sun, with the brightest host stars, provide the most favorable opportunities for characterization studies of the host star and their planet(s). The Transit Ephemeris Refinement and Monitoring Survey uses both new radial velocity measurements and photometry in order to greatly improve planetary orbit uncertainties and the fundamental properties of the star, in this case HD 130322. The only companion, HD 130322b, orbits in a relatively circular orbit, e = 0.029 every ~10.7 days. Radial velocity measurements from multiple sources, including 12 unpublished from the Keck I telescope, over the course of ~14 years have reduced the uncertainty in the transit midpoint to ~2 hours. The transit probability for the b-companion is 4.7%, where M_p sin i = 1.15 M_J and a = 0.0925 AU. In this paper, we compile photometric data from the T11 0.8m Automated Photoelectric Telescope at Fairborn Observatory taken over ~14 years, including the constrained transit window, which results in a dispos...

Hinkel, Natalie R; Henry, Gregory W; Feng, Y Katherina; Boyajian, Tabetha; Wright, Jason; Fischer, Debra A; Howard, Andrew W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Cosmos++: Relativistic Magnetohydrodynamics on Unstructured Grids with Local Adaptive Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new code and methodology are introduced for solving the general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (GRMHD) equations in fixed background spacetimes using time-explicit, finite-volume discretization. The code has options for solving the GRMHD equations using traditional artificial-viscosity (AV) or non-oscillatory central difference (NOCD) methods, or a new extended AV (eAV) scheme using artificial-viscosity together with a dual energy-flux-conserving formulation. The dual energy approach allows for accurate modeling of highly relativistic flows at boost factors well beyond what has been achieved to date by standard artificial viscosity methods. It provides the benefit of Godunov methods in capturing high Lorentz boosted flows but without complicated Riemann solvers, and the advantages of traditional artificial viscosity methods in their speed and flexibility. Additionally, the GRMHD equations are solved on an unstructured grid that supports local adaptive mesh refinement using a fully threaded oct-tree (in three dimensions) network to traverse the grid hierarchy across levels and immediate neighbors. A number of tests are presented to demonstrate robustness of the numerical algorithms and adaptive mesh framework over a wide spectrum of problems, boosts, and astrophysical applications, including relativistic shock tubes, shock collisions, magnetosonic shocks, Alfven wave propagation, blast waves, magnetized Bondi flow, and the magneto-rotational instability in Kerr black hole spacetimes.

Peter Anninos; P. Chris Fragile; Jay D. Salmonson

2005-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

459

Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 1 (Edinburg) - North Branch / East Main - Final  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American Development Bank. The proposed project involves installing 4.83 miles of multi-size pipeline to replace a segment of the North Branch / East Main canal. Both nominal and real estimates of water and energy savings and expected economic and financial...

Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.

460

Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Any entity that owns, operates, or manages a pipeline for the purpose of transporting crude petroleum, gas, coal, or carbon dioxide within or through the state of North Dakota, or is engaged in the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Waters; General Provisions (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The waters of North Dakota are understood as belonging to the public and may be appropriated for beneficial uses. However, the right to use water in large quantities must be acquired. Entities...

462

Yellowstone River Compact (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Yellowstone River Compact, agreed to by the States of Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming, provides for an equitable division and apportionment of the waters of the Yellowstone River, as well as...

463

Water Resource Districts (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Water Resource Districts are created throughout the state of North Dakota to manage, conserve, protect, develop, and control water resources. Each District will be governed by a Water Resource...

464

Model Refinement Needs A model developed by Peters and Marmorek (2003) will be used to generate predictions for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

449 Model Refinement Needs A model developed by Peters and Marmorek (2003) will be used to generate and will enable us in a future project to develop a refined model to evaluate reintroduction of sockeye

465

Refining the fundamental plane of accreting black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The idea of a unified description of supermassive and stellar black holes has been supported by the extension of the empirical radio/X-ray correlation from X-ray binaries to active galactic nuclei through the inclusion of a mass term. This has lead to the so-called fundamental plane of black hole activity in the black hole mass, radio and X-ray luminosity space. Two incarnations of this fundamental plane have so far been suggested using different underlying models and using two different samples of accreting black holes. We present revised samples for both studies together with a refined statistical analysis using measured errors of the observables. This method is used to compare the two samples, discuss selection effects, and infer parameters for the fundamental plane in a homogeneous way. We show that strongly sub-Eddington objects in a state equivalent to the low/hard state of X-ray binaries follow the fundamental plane very tightly; the scatter is comparable to the measurement errors. However, we find that the estimated parameters depend strongly on the assumptions made on the sources of scatter and the relative weight of the different AGN classes in the sample. Using only hard state objects, the fundamental plane is in agreement with the prediction of a simple uncooled synchrotron/jet model for the emitted radiation. Inclusion of high-state objects increases the scatter and moves the correlation closer to a disk/jet model. This is qualitatively consistent with a picture where low-state objects are largely dominated by jet emission while high-state objects have a strong contribution from an accretion disk.

Elmar Koerding; Heino Falcke; Sephane Corbel

2006-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

466

RAM: a Relativistic Adaptive Mesh Refinement Hydrodynamics Code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have developed a new computer code, RAM, to solve the conservative equations of special relativistic hydrodynamics (SRHD) using adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) on parallel computers. They have implemented a characteristic-wise, finite difference, weighted essentially non-oscillatory (WENO) scheme using the full characteristic decomposition of the SRHD equations to achieve fifth-order accuracy in space. For time integration they use the method of lines with a third-order total variation diminishing (TVD) Runge-Kutta scheme. They have also implemented fourth and fifth order Runge-Kutta time integration schemes for comparison. The implementation of AMR and parallelization is based on the FLASH code. RAM is modular and includes the capability to easily swap hydrodynamics solvers, reconstruction methods and physics modules. In addition to WENO they have implemented a finite volume module with the piecewise parabolic method (PPM) for reconstruction and the modified Marquina approximate Riemann solver to work with TVD Runge-Kutta time integration. They examine the difficulty of accurately simulating shear flows in numerical relativistic hydrodynamics codes. They show that under-resolved simulations of simple test problems with transverse velocity components produce incorrect results and demonstrate the ability of RAM to correctly solve these problems. RAM has been tested in one, two and three dimensions and in Cartesian, cylindrical and spherical coordinates. they have demonstrated fifth-order accuracy for WENO in one and two dimensions and performed detailed comparison with other schemes for which they show significantly lower convergence rates. Extensive testing is presented demonstrating the ability of RAM to address challenging open questions in relativistic astrophysics.

Zhang, Wei-Qun; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; MacFadyen, Andrew I.; /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study

2005-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

467

State of heavy oil production and refining in California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

California is unique in the United States because it has the largest heavy oil (10{degrees} to 20{degrees}API gravity) resource, estimated to be in excess of 40 billion barrels. Of the current 941,543 barrels/day of oil produced in California (14% of the U.S. total), 70% or 625,312 barrels/day is heavy oil. Heavy oil constituted only 20% of California`s oil production in the early 1940s, but development of thermal oil production technology in the 1960s allowed the heavy industry to grow and prosper to the point where by the mid-1980s, heavy oil constituted 70% of the state`s oil production. Similar to the rest of the United States, light oil production in the Los Angeles Basin, Coastal Region, and San Joaquin Valley peaked and then declined at different times throughout the past 30 years. Unlike other states, California developed a heavy oil industry that replaced declining light oil production and increased the states total oil production, despite low heavy oil prices, stringent environmental regulations and long and costly delays in developing known oil resources. California`s deep conversion refineries process the nation`s highest sulfur, lowest API gravity crude to make the cleanest transportation fuels available. More efficient vehicles burning cleaner reformulated fuels have significantly reduced the level of ozone precursors (the main contributor to California`s air pollution) and have improved air quality over the last 20 years. In a state where major oil companies dominate, the infrastructure is highly dependent on the 60% of ANS production being refined in California, and California`s own oil production. When this oil is combined with the small volume of imported crude, a local surplus of marketed oil exists that inhibits exploitation of California`s heavy oil resources. As ANS production declines, or if the export restrictions on ANS sales are lifted, a window of opportunity develops for increased heavy oil production.

Olsen, D.K.; Ramzel, E.B. [BDM-Oklahoma, Inc., Bartlesville, OK (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

468

Andrew Case "American Environmental History"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Andrew Case History "American Environmental History" Spring 2008 Advisor: William Cronon Classics, Richard. "It's Your Misfortune and None of My Own": A New History of the American West. (Norman

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

469

On Some Computations of Higher Rank Refined Donaldson-Thomas Invariants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present some computations of higher rank refined Donaldson-Thomas invariants on local curve geometries, corresponding to local D6-D2-D0 or D4-D2-D0 configurations. A refined wall-crossing formula for invariants with higher D6 or D4 ranks is derived and verified to agree with the existing formulas under the unrefined limit. Using the formula, refined invariants on the $(-1,-1)$ and $(-2,0)$ local rational curve with higher D6 or D4 ranks are computed.

Wu-yen Chuang; Chien-Hsun Wang

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

470

Influence of Aluminum Content on Grain Refinement and Strength of AZ31 Magnesium GTA Weld Metal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal is to characterize the effect of Al content on AZ31 weld metal, the grain size and strength, and examine role of Al on grain refinement. The approach is to systematically vary the aluminum content of AZ31 weld metal, Measure average grain size in weld metal, and Measure cross-weld tensile properties and hardness. Conclusions are that: (1) increased Al content in AZ31 weld metal results in grain refinement Reason: higher undercooling during solidification; (2) weld metal grain refinement resulted in increased strength & hardness Reason: grain boundary strengthening; and (3) weld metal strength can be raised to wrought base metal levels.

Babu, N. Kishore [Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology; Cross, Carl E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

471

EVALUATION OF THE SACCHAROFLEX 2000 REFLECTANCE MEASURING INSTRUMENT FOR REFINED SUGAR COLOUR ESTIMATION AT HULETTS REFINERY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to the successful use of the Saccharoflex 2000 reflectance measurement instrument on the estimation of refined sugar colour elsewhere in the world, it was decided by Tongaat-Hulett Sugar to evaluate the instrument at the refinery in Durban. Tests were carried out on first, second, third and fourth refined sugars, the results of which showed a good correlation between the ICUMSA colour measurement and the reflectance reading obtained from the Saccharoflex 2000. The instrument offers a number of advantages, the main one being that a refined sugar colour value can be obtained in less than a minute. The refinery has therefore purchased one for process control.

M Moodley; N K Padayachee; V Govender

472

Generated using version 3.0 of the official AMS LATEX template Voronoi, Delaunay and Block Structured Mesh Refinement for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structured Mesh Refinement for Solution of the Shallow Water Equations on the Sphere HILARY WELLER NCAS meshes of the sphere and adaptive mesh refinement could be immensely beneficial for weather and climate forecasts but it is not clear how mesh refinement should be achieved. A finite-volume model which solves

Weller, Hilary Spencer

473

2009 US-Japan Workshop on Advanced Simulation Methods in Plasma Physics Plasma Particle Simulation with Adaptive Mesh Refinement Technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Adaptive Mesh Refinement Technique for Multi-scale Phenomena Masanori Nunami1,5 , Hideyuki Usui2,5 , Toseo electromagnetic plasma particle code by using adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) technique. AMR technique, which dynamically according to certain refinement criteria, monitoring all cells where high-resolution is needed

Ito, Atsushi

474

Acta Cryst. (1978). A34, 931-935 Refinement of Large Structures by Simultaneous Minimization of Energy and R Factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acta Cryst. (1978). A34, 931-935 Refinement of Large Structures by Simultaneous Minimization method of crystallographic structure refinement, especially suitabte for large molecules, is described residual. The method has already proved its worth in the final stages of refinement of two structures

Levitt, Michael

475

Modeling LGN Responses during Free-Viewing: A Possible Role of Microscopic Eye Movements in the Refinement of Cortical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Refinement of Cortical Orientation Selectivity Michele Rucci,1 Gerald M. Edelman,2 and Jonathan Wray2 1 affect the refinement of orientation tuning in the presence of a Hebbian scheme of synaptic plasticity an important role for the eye movements occurring during fixation in the refinement of orientation selectivity

Rucci, Michele

476

Mechanisms Underlying Developmental Changes in the Firing Patterns of ON and OFF Retinal Ganglion Cells during Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cells during Refinement of their Central Projections Karen L. Myhr,1 Peter D. Lukasiewicz,1,2 and Rachel School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110 Patterned neuronal activity is implicated in the refinement patterns of spontaneous activity as their axonal projections undergo refinement. OFF RGCs be- come

Myhr, Karen

477

Latin American and Caribbean Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Latin American and Caribbean Studies Certificate About Us UWM graduates in the 21st century American and Caribbean Studies Certificate Program (LACS) will be especially well-prepared for careers academic focus in Latin American and Caribbean languages, histories, and cultures. However, the LACS

Saldin, Dilano

478

AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2.Reformulated, Average RefinerEnergy Supply Crude2.3

479

Improving transport fuel quality in China: Implications for the refining sector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study reviews the state of the Chinese refining system and examines the relative costs of 10 scenarios to increase petroleum product quality to Euro III, IV, and V levels.

Yamaguchi, Nancy; Fridley, David; Xiaoming, Ke

2002-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

480

Adaptive mesh refinement for a finite difference scheme using a quadtree decomposition approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some numerical simulations of multi-scale physical phenomena consume a significant amount of computational resources, since their domains are discretized on high resolution meshes. An enormous wastage of these resources occurs in refinement...

Auviur Srinivasa, Nandagopalan

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refinement north american" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Process for solvent refining of coal using a denitrogenated and dephenolated solvent  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is disclosed for the solvent refining of non-anthracitic coal at elevated temperatures and pressure in a hydrogen atmosphere using a hydrocarbon solvent which before being recycled in the solvent refining process is subjected to chemical treatment to extract substantially all nitrogenous and phenolic constituents from the solvent so as to improve the conversion of coal and the production of oil in the solvent refining process. The solvent refining process can be either thermal or catalytic. The extraction of nitrogenous compounds can be performed by acid contact such as hydrogen chloride or fluoride treatment, while phenolic extraction can be performed by caustic contact or contact with a mixture of silica and alumina.

Garg, Diwakar (Macungie, PA); Givens, Edwin N. (Bethlehem, PA); Schweighardt, Frank K. (Allentown, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Economic impact of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme : evidence from the refining sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I study the economic impact of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) on the refining industry in Europe. I contrast previous ex-ante studies with the lessons from a series of interviews I conducted with ...

Lacombe, Romain H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Adjustable Speed Drives in the U.S. Petroleum Refining, Petrochemical, and Chemical Industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes applications and incentives for the use of variable frequency drivers (VFD) in the petroleum refining, petrochemical, and chemical industries. VFDs are a particular type of adjustable speed driver (ASD) found prevalently...

Foley, D. J.; Chodorowski, A.

484

An Assessment of carbon reduction technology opportunities in the petroleum refining industry.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The refining industry is a major source of CO{sub 2} emissions in the industrial sector and therefore in the future can expect to face increasing pressures to reduce emission levels. The energy used in refining is impacted by market dictates, crude quality, and environmental regulations. While the industry is technologically advanced and relatively efficient opportunities nevertheless exist to reduce energy usage and CO{sub 2} emissions. The opportunities will vary from refinery to refinery and will necessarily have to be economically viable and compatible with each refiner's strategic plans. Recognizing the many factors involved, a target of 15-20% reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions from the refining sector does not appear to be unreasonable, assuming a favorable investment climate.

Petrick, M.

1998-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

485

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

132.9 1,418.3 See footnotes at end of table. 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration ...

486

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

839.2 135.0 1,251.9 See footnotes at end of table. 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration ...

487

Table A3. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Distillate and Residual...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

A3. RefinerReseller Prices of Distillate and Residual Fuel Oils, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year No. 1 Distillate No. 2...

488

Using a conformation-dependent stereochemical library improves crystallographic refinement of proteins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The major macromolecular crystallographic refinement packages restrain models to ideal geometry targets defined as single values that are independent of molecular conformation. However, ultrahigh-resolution X-ray models of proteins are not consistent with this concept of ideality and have been used to develop a library of ideal main-chain bond lengths and angles that are parameterized by the {phi}/{psi} angle of the residue [Berkholz et al. (2009), Structure, 17, 1316-1325]. Here, it is first shown that the new conformation-dependent library does not suffer from poor agreement with ultrahigh-resolution structures, whereas current libraries have this problem. Using the TNT refinement package, it is then shown that protein structure refinement using this conformation-dependent library results in models that have much better agreement with library values of bond angles with little change in the R values. These tests support the value of revising refinement software to account for this new paradigm.

Tronrud, Dale E.; Berkholz, Donald S.; Karplus, P. Andrew (Oregon State U.)

2010-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

489

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.7 5.9 4.4 12.9 NA 17.3 See footnotes at end of table. 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 18 Energy Information Administration ...

490

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

98.0 98.0 86.6 75.0 - 80.1 See footnotes at end of table. 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 20 Energy Information Administration ...

491

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.3 3.4 7.9 3.3 W 11.3 See footnotes at end of table. 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 26 Energy Information Administration ...

492

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

92.4 92.1 83.7 74.1 W 80.9 See footnotes at end of table. 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 24 Energy Information Administration ...

493

Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

87.4 86.9 78.3 68.5 W 70.8 See footnotes at end of table. 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 16 Energy Information Administration ...

494

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

92.8 92.5 84.0 72.5 W 80.7 See footnotes at end of table. 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 24 Energy Information Administration ...

495

Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

88.4 87.8 80.1 70.0 NA 72.6 See footnotes at end of table. 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 16 Energy Information Administration ...

496

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

94.0 93.9 83.2 73.8 - 79.3 See footnotes at end of table. 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 20 Energy Information Administration ...

497

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.6 3.7 7.9 3.1 W 11.0 See footnotes at end of table. 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 26 Energy Information Administration ...

498

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.7 5.9 3.9 12.7 W 16.6 See footnotes at end of table. 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 18 Energy Information Administration ...

499

Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

U.S. barrel contains 42 gallons of crude oil which yields about 44 gallons of petroleum products. The additional 2 gallons of petroleum products come from refiner gains...

500

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- W 73.5 See footnotes at end of table. A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present Energy Information Administration ...