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1

reference case | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

reference case reference case Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 1, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses quadrillion BTUs, and quantifies the energy prices using U.S. dollars. The data is broken down into total production, imports, exports, consumption, and prices for energy types. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO consumption EIA export import production reference case total energy Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary - Reference Case (xls, 112.8 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed

2

Appendix A. Reference case projections  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration | International Energy Outlook 2014 26 Appendix A Table A2. World liquids consumption by region, Reference case, 2009-40 (million barrels per...

3

Generic Argillite/Shale Disposal Reference Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of eastern Devonian gas shale: Society of PetroleumShale Disposal Reference Case August 2014 Borehole activity: Oil and gas

Zheng, Liange

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Appendix A. Reference case projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 Appendix C Table C5. World crude and lease condensate a production by region and country, Low Oil Price case, 2009-40 (million barrels per day) Region History Projections Average...

5

Appendix A. Reference case projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

44 Appendix B Table B5. World crude and lease condensate a production by region and country, High Oil Price case, 2009-40 (million barrels per day) Region History Projections...

6

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Early Release Reference Case Early Release Reference Case AEO2013 Early Release Rollout Presentation Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies Johns Hopkins University December 5, 2012 | Washington, D.C. by Adam Sieminski, Administrator Key results from the AEO2013 Reference case: 2 * Growth in energy production outstrips consumption growth * Crude oil production, particularly from tight oil plays, rises sharply over the next decade * Natural gas production is higher throughout the Reference case projection than it was in AEO2012, serving the industrial and power sectors and an expanding export market * Motor gasoline consumption reflects the introduction of more stringent fuel economy standards, while diesel fuel consumption is moderated by increased natural gas use in heavy-duty vehicles

7

EIA - Appendix A - Reference Case Projection Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Tables (2005-2035) Tables (2005-2035) International Energy Outlook 2010 Reference Case Projections Tables (2005-2035) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Appendix A. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table A1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table A2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

8

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AEO2012 Early Release Rollout Presentation AEO2012 Early Release Rollout Presentation Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies John Hopkins University January 23, 2012 | Washington, DC Howard Gruenspecht, Acting Administrator Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release Reference Case Key results from the AEO2012 Reference case, which assumes current laws remain unchanged 2 Howard Gruenspecht AEO2012, January 23, 2012 * Projected growth of energy use slows over the projection period reflecting an extended economic recovery and increasing energy efficiency in end-use applications * Domestic crude oil production increases, reaching levels not experienced since 1994 by 2020 * With modest economic growth, increased efficiency, growing domestic production, and continued adoption of nonpetroleum liquids, net

9

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Reference Case  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Early Release Reference Case AEO2014 Early Release Rollout Presentation Paul J. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies Johns Hopkins University December 16, 2013 | Washington, DC by Adam Sieminski, Administrator Key results from the AEO2014 Reference case 2 * Growing domestic production of natural gas and oil continues to reshape the U.S. energy economy, with crude oil approaching the 1970 all-time high of 9.6 million barrels per day * Light-duty vehicle energy use declines sharply reflecting slowing growth in vehicle miles traveled and accelerated improvement in vehicle efficiency * With continued growth in shale gas production, natural gas becomes the largest source of U.S. electric power generation, surpassing coal by 2035,

10

Generic Argillite/Shale Disposal Reference Case  

SciTech Connect

Radioactive waste disposal in a deep subsurface repository hosted in clay/shale/argillite is a subject of widespread interest given the desirable isolation properties, geochemically reduced conditions, and widespread geologic occurrence of this rock type (Hansen 2010; Bianchi et al. 2013). Bianchi et al. (2013) provides a description of diffusion in a clay-hosted repository based on single-phase flow and full saturation using parametric data from documented studies in Europe (e.g., ANDRA 2005). The predominance of diffusive transport and sorption phenomena in this clay media are key attributes to impede radionuclide mobility making clay rock formations target sites for disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The reports by Hansen et al. (2010) and those from numerous studies in clay-hosted underground research laboratories (URLs) in Belgium, France and Switzerland outline the extensive scientific knowledge obtained to assess long-term clay/shale/argillite repository isolation performance of nuclear waste. In the past several years under the UFDC, various kinds of models have been developed for argillite repository to demonstrate the model capability, understand the spatial and temporal alteration of the repository, and evaluate different scenarios. These models include the coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical (THM) and Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) models (e.g. Liu et al. 2013; Rutqvist et al. 2014a, Zheng et al. 2014a) that focus on THMC processes in the Engineered Barrier System (EBS) bentonite and argillite host hock, the large scale hydrogeologic model (Bianchi et al. 2014) that investigates the hydraulic connection between an emplacement drift and surrounding hydrogeological units, and Disposal Systems Evaluation Framework (DSEF) models (Greenberg et al. 2013) that evaluate thermal evolution in the host rock approximated as a thermal conduction process to facilitate the analysis of design options. However, the assumptions and the properties (parameters) used in these models are different, which not only make inter-model comparisons difficult, but also compromise the applicability of the lessons learned from one model to another model. The establishment of a reference case would therefore be helpful to set up a baseline for model development. A generic salt repository reference case was developed in Freeze et al. (2013) and the generic argillite repository reference case is presented in this report. The definition of a reference case requires the characterization of the waste inventory, waste form, waste package, repository layout, EBS backfill, host rock, and biosphere. This report mainly documents the processes in EBS bentonite and host rock that are potentially important for performance assessment and properties that are needed to describe these processes, with brief description other components such as waste inventory, waste form, waste package, repository layout, aquifer, and biosphere. A thorough description of the generic argillite repository reference case will be given in Jové Colon et al. (2014).

Zheng, Liange; Jov& #233; Colon, Carlos; Bianchi, Marco; Birkholzer, Jens

2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

11

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf Solicitations Project Summaries Publications News Releases Software/Databases CDs/DVDs EOR Illustrations Welcome to the NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf. Recently released and in-demand reference materials are available directly from this page using the links below. Online Database of Oil and Natural Gas Research Results Now Available The Knowledge Management Database (KMD) provides easy access to the results of nearly four decades of research supported by the Office of Fossil EnergyÂ’s Oil and Natural Gas Program. The database portal provides access to content from dozens of CDs and DVDs related to oil and natural gas research that FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory has published over the years. It

12

EIA - Reference Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Tables (1990-2030) Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, Reference Case Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel, Reference Case Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

13

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Center for Strategic and International Studies Center for Strategic and International Studies Howard Gruenspecht, Acting Administrator September 19, 2011 | Washington, DC International Energy Outlook 2011 Key findings in the IEO2011 Reference case 2 Howard Gruenspecht CSIS, September 19, 2011 * World energy consumption increases by 53% between 2008 and 2035 with half of the increase attributed to China and India * Renewables are the world's fastest-growing energy source, at 2.8% per year; renewables share of world energy grows to roughly 15% in 2035 * Fossil fuels continue to supply almost 80% of world energy use in 2035 * Liquid fuels remain the largest energy source worldwide through 2035, but the oil share of total energy declines to 28% in 2035, as sustained high oil prices dampen demand and encourage fuel

14

EIA - Appendix H - Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2005-2030) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2005-2030) International Energy Outlook 2008 Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2005-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table H1 World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country Table H1. World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

15

EIA - Appendix A - Reference Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2008 Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table A1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table A2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

16

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-Reference Case Projection Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table A1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table A2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

17

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007 - Reference Case Projections for  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2004-2030) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2004-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2004-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table H1 World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country Table H1. World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

18

Case Study - Liquefied Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Environmental Environmental Science Enviro Express Kenworth LNG tractor. Connecticut Clean Cities Future Fuels Project Case Study - Liquefied Natural Gas As a part of the U.S. Department of Energy's broad effort to develop cleaner transportation technologies that reduce U.S. dependence on imported oil, this study examines advanced 2011 natural gas fueled trucks using liquefied natural gas (LNG) replacing older diesel fueled trucks. The trucks are used 6 days per week in regional city-to-landfill long hauls of incinerator waste with two fills per day. This is a workable fit for the limited range LNG trucks. Reduction of fuel costs and harmful emissions relative to the replaced trucks are significant. Introduction The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act legislation

19

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf E&P Focus Newsletter Banner The oil and gas exploration and production R&D newsletter, E&P Focus, highlights the latest developments in R&D being carried out by NETL. E&P Focus promotes the widespread dissemination of research results among all types of oil and gas industry stakeholders: producers, researchers, educators, regulators, and policymakers. Each issue provides up-to-date information regarding extramural projects managed under the Strategic Center for Natural Gas and OilÂ’s traditional oil and gas program, the EPAct Section 999 Program administered by the Research Partnership to Secure Energy for America (RPSEA), and in-house oil and gas research carried out by NETLÂ’s Office of Research and Development.

20

Restricted Natural Gas Supply Case (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The restricted natural gas supply case provides an analysis of the energy-economic implications of a scenario in which future gas supply is significantly more constrained than assumed in the reference case. Future natural gas supply conditions could be constrained because of problems with the construction and operation of large new energy projects, and because the future rate of technological progress could be significantly lower than the historical rate. Although the restricted natural gas supply case represents a plausible set of constraints on future natural gas supply, it is not intended to represent what is likely to happen in the future.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

For For U.S. Senate Briefing August 12, 2013 | Washington, DC by Adam Sieminski, Administrator Key findings of the International Energy Outlook 2013 2 Adam Sieminski, IEO2013 August 12, 2013 * With world GDP rising by 3.6 percent per year, world energy use will grow by 56 percent between 2010 and 2040. Half of the increase is attributed to China and India. * Renewable energy and nuclear power are the world's fastest-growing energy sources, each increasing by 2.5 percent per year; however, fossil fuels continue to supply almost 80 percent of world energy use through 2040. * Natural gas is the fastest growing fossil fuel in the outlook, supported by increasing supplies of shale gas, particularly in the United States. * Coal grows faster than petroleum consumption until after 2030, mostly due to

22

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

International Energy Outlook 2013 International Energy Outlook 2013 for Center for Strategic and International Studies July 25, 2013 | Washington, DC by Adam Sieminski, Administrator Key findings of the International Energy Outlook 2013 2 Adam Sieminski, IEO2013 July 25, 2013 * With world GDP rising by 3.6 percent per year, world energy use will grow by 56 percent between 2010 and 2040. Half of the increase is attributed to China and India. * Renewable energy and nuclear power are the world's fastest-growing energy sources, each increasing by 2.5 percent per year; however, fossil fuels continue to supply almost 80 percent of world energy use through 2040. * Natural gas is the fastest growing fossil fuel in the outlook, supported by increasing supplies of shale gas, particularly in the United States.

23

EIA - Appendix H - Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2006-2030) for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2006-2030) International Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2006-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 18 complete) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table H1 World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country Table H1. World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

24

EIA - Appendix A - Reference Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Tables (1990-2030) Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table A1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table A2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

25

EIA - Appendix H - Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2007-2035) for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2007-2035) International Energy Outlook 2010 Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2007-2035) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 18 complete) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Appendix H. Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table H1 World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country Table H1. World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

26

Enhancements to Natural Attenuation: Selected Case Studies |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Selected Case Studies More Documents & Publications Building C-400 Thermal Treatment 90% Remedial Design Report and Site Investigation Natural and Enhanced Attenuation of Soil and...

27

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mapping Study to Characterize NSCR Performance on a Natural Gas-Fueled Engine Mapping Study to Characterize NSCR Performance on a Natural Gas-Fueled Engine Mapping Study to Characterize NSCR Performance on a Natural Gas-Fueled Engine Authors: Mohamed Toema (speaker), Sarah Nuss-Warren, and Kirby S. Chapman, Kansas State University National Gas Machinery Laboratory; James McCarthy and Thomas McGrath, Innovative Environmental Solutions Inc. Venue: ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2009 Spring Technical Conference, May 3–6, Milwaukee, WI. http://www.asmeconferences.org/ICES09/index.cfm [external site]. Abstract: The researchers are conducting a project to characterize pollutant emissions performance of field gas-fired four-stroke cycle rich burn engines equipped with non-selective catalytic reduction (NSCR) technology. Engine emissions and operating parameters are being monitored on three engines over an extended period. In addition, a mapping study was conducted on one engine. The NSCR was operated at various controlled air-to-fuel (AF) ratios while emission measurements were conducted and engine operating parameters monitored. NOx, CO, and oxygen were measured using both EPA reference method technology and the portable analyzer used in the long-term study. In the mapping study, ammonia, formaldehyde, CO, NOx, and speciated hydrocarbon emissions were recorded in real-time using an extractive FTIR system. This paper focuses on the engine mapping phase. The mapping tests demonstrated a trade-off between NOx emissions and CO, ammonia, and hydrocarbon emissions. Richer engine operation (lower AF) decreases NOx emissions at the expense of higher CO, ammonia, and hydrocarbons. Leaner operation has the opposite effect. The results to date of the semi-continuous monitoring are presented in a separate paper.

28

Natural Gas Business Case (Webinar) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Natural Gas Business Case (Webinar) Natural Gas Business Case (Webinar) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.gwec.net/index.php?id=131 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/spain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an overview of total installed wind energy capacity in Spain per year from 2000 to 2010. The page also presents the main market developments from 2010; a policy summary; a discussion of the revision in feed-in tariffs in 2010; and a future market outlook. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Natural_Gas_Business_Case_(Webinar)&oldid=514498

29

Business Case for Compressed Natural Gas in Municipal Fleets...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Business Case for Compressed Natural Gas in Municipal Fleets Business Case for Compressed Natural Gas in Municipal Fleets This report describes how NREL used the CNG Vehicle and...

30

Reduced-Reference Image Quality Assessment Using A Wavelet-Domain Natural Image Statistic Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reduced-Reference Image Quality Assessment Using A Wavelet-Domain Natural Image Statistic Model information about the reference images. In this paper, we propose an RR image quality assessment method based on a natural image statistic model in the wavelet transform domain. We use the Kullback-Leibler distance

Wang, Zhou

31

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Natural Fractures in the Barnett Shale in the Delaware Basin Natural Fractures in the Barnett Shale in the Delaware Basin Natural Fractures in the Barnett Shale in the Delaware Basin, Pecos Co. West Texas: comparison with the Barnett Shale in the Fort Worth Basin Authors: Julia F. W. Gale Venue: West Texas Geological Society Symposium, in Midland, Texas September 10-12, 2008. http://www.wtgs.org [external site] Abstract: This study describes the several sets of natural fractures in a Barnett Shale core from Pecos County, including partly open fractures, fractures associated with chert layers and early, deformed fractures. These are compared with fractures previously described in the Barnett Shale in the Fort Worth Basin. The basic fracture attributes are discussed in terms of their implications for hydraulic fracture treatments. The steep, narrow, calcite-sealed fractures that are present in many Barnett cores in the Fort Worth Basin are important because of their likely tendency to reactivate during hydraulic fracture treatments. Larger open fractures are possibly present, clustered on the order of several hundred feet apart. In the core studied from the Delaware Basin there is evidence that a greater number of narrower fractures may be open. Thus, their importance for completions may be rather different than those in the Fort Worth Basin

32

Tax Treatment of Natural Gas The "landowner" referred to in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. There are a number of oil and gas regulations and laws such as the Oil and Gas Act, Coal and Gas Resource Coor OGM, including the Clean Streams Law, the Dam Safety and Encroach- ments Act, the Solid Waste Manage advances in drilling technology and rising natural gas prices have attracted new interest

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

33

PHOENIX NATURAL GAS LIMITED PRICE DETERMINATION REFERENCE Disclosures of interest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Member disclosures Martin Cave (Group Chairman) is a joint academic director of a Brussels-based think tank on regulation called CERRE (www.cerre.eu). This has occupied about ten days per year, mostly attending seminars in Brussels with regulators and regulatees. Another joint academic director is Prof C Waddams. They have not collaborated on any research projects, but he has chaired a panel which she was on. He has co-written a general book, or textbook, on regulation, which includes chapters on price control. The index lists three brief references to energy regulation: Baldwin, Cave &

Richard Taylor

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Designing a Pilot-Scale Experiment for the Production of Natural Gas Hydrates and Sequestration of CO2 in Geologic Reservoirs Designing a Pilot-Scale Experiment for the Production of Natural Gas Hydrates and Sequestration of CO2 in Geologic Reservoirs Designing a Pilot-Scale Experiment for the Production of Natural Gas Hydrates and Sequestration of CO2 in Geologic Reservoirs Authors: Mark White and Pete McGrail Venue: The 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Technologies will be held November 16-20, 2008 at The Omni Shoreham Hotel in Washington, DC. The Conference will be organized by MIT in collaboration with the IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEA GHG), with major sponsorship from the US Department of Energy. http://mit.edu/ghgt9/ . Abstract: Under high pressure and low temperature conditions small nonpolar molecules (typically gases) can combine with water to form crystalline structures known as clathrate hydrates. Methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) form nearly identical clathrate structures (sI), with the CO2 hydrate being thermodynamically favored. Vast accumulations of methane hydrates have been found in suboceanic deposits and beneath the arctic permafrost. Because of the large volumetric storage densities, clathrate hydrates on the deep ocean floor have been suggested as a sequestration option for CO2. Alternatively, CO2 hydrates can be formed in the geologic settings of naturally occurring accumulations of methane hydrates. Global assessments of natural gas resources have shown that gas hydrate resources exceed those of conventional resources, which is indicative of the potential for clathrate hydrate sequestration of CO2. Recovery of natural gas from hydrate-bearing geologic deposits has the potential for being economically viable, but there remain significant technical challenges in converting these natural accumulations into a useable resource. Currently, conventional methods for producing methane hydrates from geologic settings include depressurization, thermal stimulation, and inhibitor injection. Although CO2 clathrates generally are not naturally as abundant as those of CH4, their occurrence forms the foundation of an unconventional approach for producing natural gas hydrates that involves the exchange of CO2 with CH4 in the hydrate structure. This unconventional concept has several distinct benefits over the conventional methods: 1) the heat of formation of CO2 hydrate is greater than the heat of dissociation of CH4 hydrate, providing a low-grade heat source to support additional methane hydrate dissociation, 2) exchanging CO2 with CH4 will maintain the mechanical stability of the geologic formation, and 3) the process is environmentally friendly, providing a sequestration mechanism for the injected CO2. The exchange production technology would not be feasible without the favorable thermodynamics of CO2 hydrates over CH4 hydrates. This situation yields challenges for the technology to avoid secondary hydrate formation and clogging of the geologic repository. Laboratory-scale experiments have demonstrated the feasibility of producing natural gas and sequestering CO2 using the direct exchange technology in geologic media. These experiments have duplicated numerically using the STOMP-HYD simulator, which solves the nonisothermal multifluid flow and transport equations for mixed hydrate systems in geologic media. This paper describes the design (via numerical simulation) of a pilot-scale demonstration test of the CO2 exchange production and sequestration technology for a geologic setting beneath the arctic permafrost, involving a gas-hydrate interval overlying a free-gas interval (i.e., Class 1 Hydrate Accumulation).

35

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Variation in Long-Term Emissions Data from NSCR-Equipped Natural Gas-Fueled Engine Variation in Long-Term Emissions Data from NSCR-Equipped Natural Gas-Fueled Engine Variation in Long-Term Emissions Data from NSCR-Equipped Natural Gas-Fueled Engine Authors: Kirby S. Chapman (speaker), Mohamed Toema, and Sarah Nuss-Warren, Kansas State University National Gas Machinery Laboratory. Venue: ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2009 Spring Technical Conference, May 3–6, Milwaukee, WI. http://www.asmeconferences.org/ICES09/index.cfm [external site]. Abstract: This paper describes work on a project to characterize pollutant emissions performance of non-selective catalytic reduction (NSCR) technology, including a catalyst and air-to-fuel ratio controller (AFRC), applied to four-stroke cycle rich-burn engines. Emissions and engine data were collected semi-continuously with a portable emissions analyzer on three engines in the Four Corners area. In addition, periodic emissions measurements that included ammonia were conducted several times. Data collected from October 2007 through August 2008 show significant variation in emissions levels over hours, days, and longer periods of time, as well as seasonal variation. As a result of these variations, simultaneous control of NOx to below a few hundred parts per million (ppm) and CO to below 1,000 ppm volumetric concentration was not consistently achieved. Instead, the NSCR/AFRC systems were able to simultaneously control both species to these levels for only a fraction of the time the engines were monitored. Both semi-continuous emissions data and periodically collected emissions data support a NOx-CO trade-off and a NOx-ammonia tradeoff in NSCR-equipped engines.

36

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coupled Hydrological, Thermal and Geomechanical Analysis of Wellbore Stability in Hydrate-Bearing Sediments Coupled Hydrological, Thermal and Geomechanical Analysis of Wellbore Stability in Hydrate-Bearing Sediments Coupled Hydrological, Thermal and Geomechanical Analysis of Wellbore Stability in Hydrate-Bearing Sediments (OTC 19672) Authors: Jonny Rutqvist (speaker), George J. Moridis, and Tarun Grover Venue: 2008 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, May 5-8, 2008 ( http://www.spe.org and http://www.smenet.org [external sites] ) Abstract: This study investigated coupled multiphase flow, themal, thermodynamic and geomechanical behavior of oceanic Hydrate Bearing Sediments (HBS), during depressurization-induced gas production in general, and potential wellbore in-stability and casing deformation in particular. The project investigated the geomechanical changes and wellbore stability for two alternative cases of production using a horizontal well in a Class 3 deposit and a vertical well in a Class 2 deposit. The research compared the geomechanical responses and the potential adverse geomechanical effects for the two different cases. Analysis shows that geomechanical responses during depressurization-induced gas production from oceanic hydrate deposits is driven by the reservoir-wide pressure decline (Delta P), which in turn is controlled by the induced pressure decline near the wellbore. Because any change quickly propagates within the entire reservoir, the reservoir wide geomechanical response can occur within a few days of production induced pressure decline.

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NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

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Production Strategies for Marine Hydrate Reservoirs Production Strategies for Marine Hydrate Reservoirs Production Strategies for Marine Hydrate Reservoirs Authors: J. Phirani. & K. K. Mohanty Venue: 6th International Conference on Gas Hydrates (ICGH 2008), Vancouver, British Columbia, CANADA, July 6-10, 2008. http://www.ichg.org/showcontent.aspx?MenuID=287 [external site]. Abstract: Large quantities of natural gas hydrate are present in marine sediments. This research is aimed at assessing production of natural gas from these deposits. We had developed a multiphase, multicomponent, thermal, 3D simulator in the past, which can simulate production of hydrates both in equilibrium and kinetic modes. Four components (hydrate, methane, water and salt) and five phases (hydrate, gas, aqueous-phase, ice and salt precipitate) are considered in the simulator. The intrinsic kinetics of hydrate formation or dissociation is considered using the Kim–Bishnoi model. Water freezing and ice melting are tracked with primary variable switch method (PVSM) by assuming equilibrium phase transition. In this work, we simulate depressurization and warm water flooding for hydrate production in a hydrate reservoir underlain by a water layer. Water flooding has been studied as a function of well spacing, well orientation, and injection temperature. Results show that depressurization is limited by the supply of heat of hydrate formation. Warm water flooding can supply this heat of formation. Gas production rate is higher for the water flooding than depressurization. Optimum configuration for wells and water temperature are identified.

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NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas-hydrate concentration and uncertainty estimation from electrical resistivity logs: examples from Green Canyon, Gulf of Mexico Gas-hydrate concentration and uncertainty estimation from electrical resistivity logs: examples from Green Canyon, Gulf of Mexico Carbon isotope evidence (13C and 14C) for fossil methane-derived dissolved organic carbon from gas hydrate-bearing cold seeps Authors: Pohlman, J.W. (speaker), Coffin, R.B., and Osburn, C.L., U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C.; Bauer, J.E., College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA; Venue: Goldschmidt 2007 Atoms to Planets conference in Cologne, Germany, August 19-24, 2007 http://www.the-conference.com/conferences/2007/gold2007/ [external site]. Abstract: No abstract available yet. Related NETL Project: The proposed research of the related NETL project DE-AI26-05NT42496, “Conducting Scientific Studies of Natural Gas Hydrates to Support the DOE Efforts to Evaluate and Understand Methane Hydrates,” is to conduct scientific studies of natural gas hydrates to support DOE efforts to evaluate and understand methane hydrates, their potential as an energy resource, and the hazard they may pose to ongoing drilling efforts. This project

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NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synergy among Surfactants in Solution Synergy among Surfactants in Solution Synergy among Surfactants in Solution and on Particles in Suspensions Authors: Shaohua Lu and Ponisseril Somasundaran, Columbia University, New York, NY. Venue: 81st ACS (American Chemical Society) Colloid & Surface Science Symposium, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, June 24–27, 2007 (http://www.engr.udel.edu/Colloids2007/) [external site]). Abstract: Surfactant mixtures are widely used in detergent, personal care, enhanced oil recovery, and flotation applications. Adsorption of nonionic/cationic/anionic (ex: n-dodecyl-â-D-maltoside(DM), and sodium dodecyl sulfonate) on solids such as alumina was studied in this work at different solution conditions of pH, mixing ratio and salt contents along with the wettability and zeta potential. Solution interactions were studied by analytical ultracentrifuge, surface tension, small-angle neutron scattering, and cryoTEM. It was found that surfactant adsorption is dramatically affected under certain pH conditions. The effects of pH, however, are reduced by synergistic interactions in the case of nonionic/anionic mixtures. Surface tension results reveal a negative interaction parameter, suggesting that there are synergistic interactions between them. Importantly, only one peak indicative of one type of micelle was identified using analytical ultracentrifugation in the case of the above anionic/nonionic mixtures, while two types of aggregates were observed in the case of nonionic/nonionic mixtures. The above information on surfactant aggregation helps to reveal the mechanisms of interactions between surfactants, as well as their efficient application in various industrial processes.

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NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Grain-Scale Coupled Model of Multiphase Fluid Flow and Sediment Mechanics A Grain-Scale Coupled Model of Multiphase Fluid Flow and Sediment Mechanics A Grain-Scale Coupled Model of Multiphase Fluid Flow and Sediment Mechanics – Application to Methane Hydrates in Natural Systems Authors: Antone K. Jain and Ruben Juanes Venue: American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 15-19, 2008 – Special Session H06: Particle Tracking Simulation of Fluid Flow and Mass Transport. http://www.agu.org/meetings/fm08/ Abstract: A discrete element model is presented for the simulation, at the grain scale, of gas migration in brine-saturated deformable media. The model rigorously accounts for the presence of two fluids in the pore space by incorporating grain forces due to pore fluid pressures, and surface tension between fluids. The coupled model permits investigating an essential process that takes place at the base of the hydrate stability zone: the upward migration of methane in its own free gas phase. The ways in which gas migration may take place were elucidated: (1) by capillary invasion in a rigid-like medium; and (2) by initiation and propagation of a fracture. Results indicate that the main factor controlling the mode of gas transport in the sediment is the grain size, and that coarse-grain sediments favor capillary invasion, whereas fracturing dominates in fine-grain media. The results have important implications for understanding hydrates in natural systems. The results predict that, in fine sediments, hydrate will likely form in veins that follow a fracture-network pattern, and the hydrate concentration in this type of accumulations will likely be quite low. In coarse sediments, the buoyant methane gas is likely to invade the pore space more uniformly, in a process akin to invasion percolation, and the overall pore occupancy is likely to be much higher than for a fracture-dominated regime. These implications are consistent with field observations of methane hydrates in natural

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NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

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Saline Water Disposal in the Uinta Basin, Utah Saline Water Disposal in the Uinta Basin, Utah Saline Water Disposal in the Uinta Basin, Utah Authors: Michael D. Vanden Berg, Stephanie Carney, Michael D. Laine, Craig D. Morgan, Utah Geological Survey; and Paul B. Anderson, consulting geologist. Venue: Poster Session: Responsible Development, Sustainability, and Climate Science—Groundwater and Site Remediation, June 9, 2009, American Association of Petroleum Geologists annual meeting, Denver, CO, June 7 to 10, 2009. http://www.aapg.org/denver/ [external site] Abstract: Saline water disposal is the single most pressing issue with regard to increasing petroleum and natural gas production in the Uinta Basin of Utah. Conventional oil and gas fields in the basin provide 67% of Utah’s total crude oil production and 71% of Utah’s total natural gas, the latter of which has increased 175% in the last 10 years. As petroleum production increases, so does saline water production, creating an increased need for economic and environmentally responsible disposal plans. Current water disposal wells are near capacity, and permitting for new wells is being delayed because of a lack of technical data regarding potential disposal aquifers and questions concerning contamination of fresh water sources. Many Uinta Basin operators claim that petroleum and natural gas production cannot reach its full potential until a suitable, long-term saline water disposal solution is determined. Researchers have begun efforts to re-map the base of the moderately saline aquifer within the Uinta Basin using more robust data and more sophisticated GIS techniques than previous efforts. Below this base, they believe that saline water can be injected without damage to the overlying freshwater reservoirs. Water chemistry data are being collected from wells of operators and governmental agencies. These ground-truth data are supplemented with water chemistry information calculated from geophysical logs. In addition to the new GIS-based map, the researchers are constructing cross sections showing the stratigraphic position of the moderately saline to very saline transition and its relationship to potential seals and disposal zones in the Uinta Basin. A potentially suitable disposal zone for large volume saline water disposal is the fresh to slightly saline Bird’s-Nest aquifer. This aquifer is located in the oil shale zone of the Green River formation’s Parachute Creek member and is 200 to 300 ft above the kerogen-rich Mahogany zone. A significant concern is that saline water disposal into the Bird’s-Nest by conventional gas producers may hinder oil shale development by creating unforeseen economic and technical hurdles. With increased saline water disposal, the water quality in the Bird’s-Nest could degrade and create additional water disposal problems for oil shale development companies. Researchers have examined this aquifer in outcrop, core, and geophysical logs and have gained a better understanding of its areal extent, thickness, and zones of differing water chemistry

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NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Characterization of Nonequilibrium Sorption of Gasoline Components by Surfactant-Modified Zeolite Characterization of Nonequilibrium Sorption of Gasoline Components by Surfactant-Modified Zeolite Characterization of Nonequilibrium Sorption of Gasoline Components by Surfactant-Modified Zeolite Authors: Joshua A. Simpson and Robert S. Bowman, New Mexico Technological University, Socorro, NM Venue: 44th Annual Meeting of the Clay Minerals Society in Santa Fe, NM, June 3–7, 2007 (http://www.clays.org/home/HomeAnnualMeeting.html [external site]). Abstract: Surfactant-modified zeolite (SMZ) has been shown to effectively remove benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) from water generated during oil and natural gas production (produced water). The BTEX sorption isotherms are linear and noncompetitive, suggesting that the removal mechanism is partitioning into the surfactant’s hydrophobic bilayer formed on SMZ. Even though BTEX sorption in batch systems is rapid, chemical equilibrium models do not accurately describe BTEX transport through packed beds of SMZ. Comparison with transport of a nonreactive tracer (tritium) suggests that two-site, diffusive nonequilibrium sorption-desorption controls BTEX transport. We conducted batch experiments with SMZ to determine the nonequilibrium sorption kinetics of each BTEX constituent. The kinetic measurements were used to parameterize a nonequilibrium transport model to predict BTEX removal under varying flow conditions. The accuracy of predictions is being tested using laboratory column experiments with produced water from the San Juan Basin of New Mexico

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NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Numerical Studies of Geomechanical Stability of Hydrate-Bearing Sediments Numerical Studies of Geomechanical Stability of Hydrate-Bearing Sediments Authors: George J. Moridis, Jonny Rutqvist, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Venue: 2007 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 30–May 1, 2007 (http://www.otcnet.org/ [external site]). Abstract: The thermal and mechanical loading of hydrate-bearing sediments (HBS) can result in hydrate dissociation and a significant pressure increase, with potentially adverse consequences on the integrity and stability of the wellbore assembly, the HBS, and the bounding formations. The perception of HBS instability, coupled with insufficient knowledge of their geomechanical behavior and the absence of predictive capabilities, has resulted in a strategy of avoidance of HBS when locating offshore production platforms. These factors can also impede the development of hydrate deposits as gas resources. For the analysis of the geomechanical stability of HBS, project researchers developed and used a numerical model that integrates a commercial geomechanical code into a simulator describing the coupled processes of fluid flow, heat transport, and thermodynamic behavior in geologic media. The geomechanical code includes elastoplastic models for quasi-static yield and failure analysis and viscoplastic models for time-dependent (creep) analysis. The hydrate simulator can model the non-isothermal hydration reactions (equilibrium or kinetic), phase behavior, and flow of fluids and heat in HBS, and can handle any combination of hydrate dissociation mechanisms. The simulations can account for the interdependence of changes in the hydraulic, thermodynamic, and geomechanical properties of the HBS, in addition to swelling/shrinkage, displacement (subsidence), and possible geomechanical failure. Researchers investigated in three cases the coupled hydraulic, thermodynamic, and geomechanical behavior of oceanic HBS systems. The first involves hydrate heating as warm fluids from deeper, conventional reservoirs ascend to the ocean floor through uninsulated pipes intersecting the HBS. The second case involves mechanical loading caused by the weight of structures placed on HBS at the ocean floor, and the third describes system response during gas production from a hydrate deposit. The results indicate that the stability of HBS in the vicinity of warm pipes may be significantly affected, especially near the ocean floor where the sediments are unconsolidated and more compressible. Conversely, the increased pressure caused by the weight of structures on the ocean floor increases the stability of hydrates, while gas production from oceanic deposits minimally affects the geomechanical stability of HBS under the conditions that are deemed desirable for production.

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NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conditions under Which Gaseous Methane Will Fracture Ocean Sediments and Penetrate Through the Hydrate Stability Zone Conditions under Which Gaseous Methane Will Fracture Ocean Sediments and Penetrate Through the Hydrate Stability Zone Conditions under Which Gaseous Methane Will Fracture Ocean Sediments and Penetrate Through the Hydrate Stability Zone: Modeling Multiphase Flow and Sediment Mechanics at the Pore-Scale Authors: Antone K. Jain and Ruben Juanes Venue: American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 15-19, 2008 – Special Session H06: Particle Tracking Simulation of Fluid Flow and Mass Transport. http://www.agu.org/meetings/fm08/ Abstract: Two competing processes were simulated, capillary invasion and fracture opening, by which free methane gas penetrates the Hydrate Stability Zone (HSZ). In situ conditions were predicted in which the methane propagates fractures and flows all the way through the HSZ and into the ocean, bypassing hydrate formation. In the fully coupled model, the discrete element method was used to simulate the sediment mechanics, and pore fluid pressures and surface tension between the gas and brine were accounted for by incorporating additional sets of pressure forces and adhesion forces. Results indicate that given enough capillary pressure, the main factor controlling the mode of gas transport is the grain size, and show that coarse-grain sediments favor capillary invasion and widespread hydrate formation, whereas fracturing dominates in fine-grain sediments. The fracturing threshold was calculated as a function of grain size, capillary pressure, and seafloor depth, and place these results in the context of naturally-occurring hydrate

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NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Alternative Tri-axial Testing System for CO2-Rock Interaction Experiments An Alternative Tri-axial Testing System for CO2-Rock Interaction Experiments An Alternative Tri-axial Testing System for CO2-Rock Interaction Experiments Authors: Zhengwen Zeng (speaker), Xuejun Zhou, and Hong Liu, University of North Dakota. Venue: 43rd U.S. Rock Mechanics Symposium and 4th U.S.-Canada Rock Mechanics Symposium, Asheville, NC, June 28-July 1, 2009. http://www.armasymposium.org/ [external site] Abstract: Carbon dioxide (CO2)-rock interaction has become an important topic in recent years due to the potential energy and environmental benefits offered by injecting CO2 into deep geological formations for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and carbon sequestration. In both cases, CO2 reacts with formation rocks under deep geological formation conditions. The reaction will change the petrophysical, geomechanical, and geochemical properties of the rock. Consequently, rock integrity and fluid flow characteristics will be changed. How to quantitatively describe this CO2-rock interaction process is critical to the success of both EOR and sequestration projects. Experimental investigation under reservoir conditions is a direct way to develop the quantitative models to describe this process. This type of experiment involves real-time measurements for petrophysical, geomechanical, and geochemical parameters. Existing tri-axial testing systems can meet part of the requirements. An alternative triaxial testing system has been developed for this purpose. This paper introduces the principles, measurements, data processing, and the calibration and verification of the system

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NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

II: Subsurface sequestration of methane-derived carbon in gas-hydrate-bearing marine sediments II: Subsurface sequestration of methane-derived carbon in gas-hydrate-bearing marine sediments HyFlux - Part II: Subsurface sequestration of methane-derived carbon in gas-hydrate-bearing marine sediments Authors: Naehr, T.H., Asper, V., Garcia, O., Kastner, M., Leifer, I., MacDonald, I.R., Solomon, E., Yvon-Lewis, S., and Zimmer, B. Venue: AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 15-19 2008 -- Session OS25: Methane Flux from Naturally Occurring Marine Gas Hydrates http://www.agu.org Abstract: The recently funded DOE/NETL study "HyFlux: Remote sensing and sea-truth measurements of methane flux to the atmosphere" (see MacDonald et al.: HyFlux - Part I) will combine sea surface, water column and shallow subsurface observations to improve our estimates of methane flux from submarine seeps and associated gas hydrate deposits to the water column and atmosphere along the Gulf of Mexico continental margin and other selected areas world-wide. As methane-rich fluids rise towards the sediment-water interface, they will interact with sulfate-rich pore fluids derived from overlying bottom water, which results in the formation of an important biogeochemical redox boundary, the so-called sulfate-methane interface, or SMI. Both methane and sulfate are consumed within the SMI and dissolved inorganic carbon, mostly bicarbonate (HCO3-) and hydrogen sulfide are produced, stimulating authigenic carbonate precipitation at and immediately below the SMI. Accordingly, the formation of authigenic carbonates in methane- and gas-hydrate-rich sediments will sequester a portion of the methane-derived carbon. To date, however, little is known about the quantitative aspects of these reactions. Rates of DIC production are not well constrained, but recent biogeochemical models indicate that CaCO3 precipitation rates may be as high as 120 µmol cm-2a-1. Therefore, AOM-driven carbonate precipitation must be considered when assessing the impact of gas-hydrate-derived methane on the global carbon cycle.

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NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Field Evaluation of a Surfactant-Modified Zeolite System for Removal of Organics from Produced Water Field Evaluation of a Surfactant-Modified Zeolite System for Removal of Organics from Produced Water Field Evaluation of a Surfactant-Modified Zeolite System for Removal of Organics from Produced Water Authors: Robert S. Bowman, New Mexico Technological University, Socorro, NM; Enid J. Sullivan, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM; and Lynn E. Katz and Kerry A. Kinney, University of Texas, Austin, TX. Venue: 44th Annual Meeting of the Clay Minerals Society in Santa Fe, NM, June 3–7, 2007 (http://www.clays.org/home/HomeAnnualMeeting.html [external site]). Abstract: About 2.3 billion cubic meters (600 billion gallons) of wastewater (produced water) is generated each year as a byproduct of oil and gas operations in the continental United States. Disposal of this water represents about 10% of the cost of hydrocarbon production. Inexpensive treatment technologies can lower the cost of disposal and generate higher-quality water for other uses. Surfactant-modified zeolite (SMZ) has been shown to effectively sorb a variety of nonpolar organic compounds from water. SMZ was tested as a medium to remove benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) from produced water generated during extraction of coalbed natural gas. BTEX removal is necessary prior to surface discharge of produced waters or as a pretreatment for reverse osmosis. We demonstrated in laboratory column experiments that BTEX-saturated SMZ is readily regenerated by air sparging. There was no loss in BTEX sorption capacity, and a minor decrease in hydraulic conductivity, after 50 sorption/regeneration cycles. Based upon the laboratory results, a pilot-scale produced-water treatment system was designed and tested at a reinjection facility in the San Juan Basin of New Mexico. The SMZ-based system was designed to treat up to 110 liters (30 gallons) of produced water per hour on a continuous basis by running two SMZ columns in series. The system performed as predicted, based on laboratory results, over repeated feed and regeneration cycles during the month-long operation. The BTEX-laden sparge gases were treated with a vapor-phase bioreactor system, resulting in an emissions-free process

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NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

De-Watering of Hunton Reservoirs De-Watering of Hunton Reservoirs De-Watering of Hunton Reservoirs Author: Mohan Kelkar, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK. Venue: Tulsa Association of Petroleum Landmen meeting in Tulsa, OK, April 19, 2007 (http://www.landman.org [external site]). Abstract: The Hunton reservoir in Oklahoma represents one of the largest discoveries in Oklahoma in recent history. Since 1995, several Hunton reservoir fields have been exploited by various operators. The principle behind this exploitation remains the same: The wells produce large quantities of water, and along with it, significant quantities of natural gas and sometimes oil. Examination of various fields producing from the Hunton reservoir indicates that the economic success from these fields is not uniform. Some fields produce significant quantities of oil, whereas some fields only produce gas. In some fields, horizontal wells work best, whereas in some other fields, vertical wells do a good job. The water production from the fields ranges from as low as few hundred barrels per day to several thousand barrels per day. In this paper, we present the results from various fields to indicate the parameters needed in a Hunton field to make it economically successful. We restrict our evaluation to parameters that can be easily measured or are readily available. These include log data (gamma ray, resistivity, neutron, and density), initial potential data, production data (oil, gas, and water—if available) and well configuration (vertical or horizontal). By analyzing the recovery of oil and gas according to various reservoir parameters, we developed a methodology for predicting the future success of the field. For example, a clear relationship exists between porosity of the rock and initial hydrocarbon saturation: The higher the oil saturation, the better the recovery factor. Initial potential is critical in determining possible recovery. Horizontal wells cost 1.5 to 2 times more than vertical wells and may not provide the additional recovery to justify the costs. The Hunton formation is extensive in Oklahoma. If we want to extend the success of some of the fields to other areas, we need clear guidelines in terms of what is needed to exploit those fields. This paper provides some of those guidelines based on the examination of the currently producing fields.

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NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physical properties of sediment from the 2006 National Gas Hydrate Program expedition offshore India Physical properties of sediment from the 2006 National Gas Hydrate Program expedition offshore India Physical properties of sediment from the 2006 National Gas Hydrate Program expedition offshore India Authors: Winters, W.J., (U.S. Geological Survey, speaker), Gomes, M., Giosan, L., Johnson, J., Kastner, M., Torres, M.E., Long, P.E., Schaef, H.T., Rose, K., and the NGHP-01 Shipboard Scientific Party. Venue: India’s Directorate General of Hydrocarbons’ International Conference on Gas Hydrates in Nodia (New Delhi), India, February 6–8, 2008 (http://www.dghindia.org/site/pdfattachments/upcomingevents/Updated_Programme_gAS[1].pdf [PDF-external site]). Abstract: The scientific goals of the NGHP Expedition 01 physical properties program are to a) constrain baseline index properties of host sediment; b) ground-truth well-log, seismic, and other shipboard data sets; c) relate textural characteristics to gas hydrate occurrence and small-scale porous media effects; and d) relate index properties and textural analyses to gas hydrate occurrence and regional sedimentologic interpretations. During the shipboard phase of NGHP-01, baseline bulk physical properties, such as water content, grain density, bulk density, and porosity, were determined on more than 1,800 sediment samples from 14 sites located in four study areas. Overall, physical properties change more significantly near the seafloor, then at a much more gradual rate with depth. The transition depth varies between sites but can range from about 12 to as deep as 200 meters beneath the seafloor. In addition, shear strength, electrical resistivity, magnetic susceptibility, thermal conductivity, and acoustic velocity measurements were conducted to further characterize the sediment. These measurements, when combined with sedimentologic and geochemical studies, delineate the role of the host sediment in hydrate formation and occurrence and are used in modeling the response of hydrate-bearing sediment to natural change or drilling operations. Strong correlation typically exists between physical properties determined from shipboard analyses and well-log studies. More than 500 shore-based grain-size analyses have been conducted that indicate that most sediment is characterized as clayey silt to silty clay with a median grain size that is near or slightly greater than the silt-clay boundary. Grain-size analyses are being conducted on samples identified by infrared imaging as having high concentrations of gas hydrate in recovered core samples. These analyses will be used to study porous-media effects and geologic controls on the occurrence of gas hydrate in situ.

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Preliminary Reference Case Results for Oil and Natural Gas  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Wolfcamp 1,983 1,983 24,882 24,882 5 Denver Bakken 1,441 1,441 39,179 39,179 Greater Green River - - 31,141 31,141 Montana Thrust Belt 602 602 5,433 5,433 Powder River 2,417...

51

EIA-Annual Energy Outlook 2009 -Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Tables (2006-2030) Reference Case Tables (2006-2030) Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables (2006-2030) Table Title Formats Summary Reference Case Tables PDF GIF Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary XLS GIF Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source XLS GIF Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source XLS GIF Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption

52

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......dosimeter: An improved cathode ray determination...Stopping Powers of Materials (1989) Gaithersburg...of the physically active ultraviolet (which...Standard Reference Materials: Accuracy in Analytical...dosimeter: An improved cathode ray determination...Stopping Powers of Materials, NIST Standard......

References

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Report: An Updated Annual Enrgy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for 2006 and 2007 are model results and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports." " Sources: 2006 natural gas supply values: Energy Information Administration (EIA),...

54

References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis Analysis Analysis - Home Analytical Dashboards Computerized Accident Incident Reporting and Recordkeeping System (CAIRS) Corporate Safety Analysis Trends Daily Occurrence Reports Electrical Safety Occurrences Final Occurrence Reports Access System Login Lessons Learned and Best Practices Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS) Operating Experience Committee Operating Experience Level 1, 2, and 3 Documents Operating Experience Summaries Radiation Exposure Monitoring Systems (REMS) Safety Bulletins Safety and Health Alerts Safety Basis Information System (SBIS) Suspect/Counterfeit Items and Defective Items (SCI/DI) References HSS Logo References DOE O 210.2A, DOE Corporate Operating Experience Program (Apr 08, 2011) DOE O 210.2 Crosswalk DOE O 231.1B, Environment, Safety and Health Reporting (Jun 27, 2011)

55

REFERENCES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

205.1B 205.1B Approved 05-16-2011 Page 1 REFERENCES 1. INTRODUCTION 2. . Includes a list of sources cited in the directive and additional information sources to assist in implementing DOE Order 205.1B, Cyber Security Program. FEDERAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS a. Public Law (P.L.) 93-579, Privacy Act of 1974, as amended [Title 5 United States Code (U.S.C.) Section 552a]. . b. P.L. 104-106, Division E, Clinger Cohen Act (CCA) (formerly Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996. c. P.L. 106-65, "National Defense Authorization Act [Section 3212(d)], enacted October 1999. d. P.L. 107-347, Title III, Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA), enacted December 2002. 3. OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET (OMB) CIRCULARS. Located at http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars_default/.

56

EIA - Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Region Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 > Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Region Tables (2003-2030) 6 > Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Region Tables (2003-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Region Tables (2003-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 19 complete) Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Region Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Region Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table D1 Total World Delivered Energy Consumption Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Region Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Region Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

57

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Monetary Fund International Monetary Fund January 14, 2013 | Washington, DC By Adam Sieminski, Administrator Annual Energy Outlook 2013 projections to 2040 2 * Growth in energy production outstrips consumption growth * Crude oil production rises sharply over the next decade * Motor gasoline consumption reflects more stringent fuel economy standards * The U.S. becomes a net exporter of natural gas in the early 2020s * U.S. energy-related carbon dioxide emissions remain below their 2005 level through 2040 Adam Sieminski January 14, 2013 Growth in energy production outstrips growth in consumption leading to reduction in net imports 3 U.S. energy production and consumption quadrillion Btu Source: EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release

58

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 Future of U.S. Domestic Oil and Gas Production For International Energy Forum January 21, 2013 | Riyadh, KSA By Adam Sieminski, Administrator Annual Energy Outlook 2013 projections to 2040 2 * Growth in energy production outstrips consumption growth * Crude oil production rises sharply over the next decade * Motor gasoline consumption reflects more stringent fuel economy standards * The U.S. becomes a net exporter of natural gas in the early 2020s * U.S. energy-related carbon dioxide emissions remain below their 2005 level through 2040 Adam Sieminski January 21, 2013 Growth in energy production outstrips growth in consumption leading to reduction in net imports 3 U.S. energy production and consumption quadrillion Btu

59

Optimizing Natural Gas Use: A Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of Steam & Energy systems in any continuously operating process plant results in substantial reduction in Natural gas purchases. During periods of natural gas price hikes, this would benefit the plant to control their fuel budget...

Venkatesan, V. V.; Schweikert, P.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Reference Case  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Choice Modeling and Vehicle Choice Modeling and Projections for the Annual Energy Outlook John Maples Office of Energy Analysis, Energy Efficiency and End Use January 25, 2013 | Detroit, MI Outline John Maples, Vehicle Choice Models and Markets Detroit, MI, January 25, 2013 2 * Overview of model structure and inputs * Battery electric vehicles and current state of the market * Projections of battery electric vehicles in the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 * High Battery Technology case in the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Overview of model structure and inputs 3 John Maples, Vehicle Choice Models and Markets Detroit, MI, January 25, 2013 Light duty vehicle technology market penetration John Maples, Vehicle Choice Models and Markets Detroit, MI, January 25, 2013 4 * Technologies affecting light-duty vehicle fuel economy are

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

EIA - Appendix F-Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Country  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Country Grouping Data Tables (2005-2030) Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Country Grouping Data Tables (2005-2030) International Energy Outlook 2008 Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Country Grouping Data Tables (2005-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 19 complete) Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Country Gruping Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Projections of Nuclear Generating Capacity Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. F1 Total World Delivered Energy Consumption by End-Use Sector and Fuel Table F1. Total World Delivered Energy Consumption by End-Use Sector and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

62

Asiantuntijapalvelujen tuotteistaminen : Case: Naturalli Finland Oy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena on tuotteistamalla konkretisoida Naturalli Finland Oy:n palvelutarjooma. Tarkoituksena on määrittää ja kuvata palvelu siten, että sen tuomat hyödyt tulevat esille. Opinnäytetyö on… (more)

Koivukangas, Hans

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The Compelling Case for Natural Gas Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation—given at the April 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—covers the natural gas vehicle (NGV) market, the benefits of NGVs, the growing selection of NGVs, and more.

64

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Appendix A Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

A Reference Case Forecast Tables A Reference Case Forecast Tables Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025 Appendix A Reference Case Forecast (2001-2025) Tables Adobe Acrobat Reader Logo Adobe Acrobat Reader is required for PDF format. MS Excel Viewer Spreadsheets are provided in excel Table Title Formats Summary Tables PDF Year by Year Tables PDF Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary Excel PDF Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Excel PDF Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Excel PDF Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel PDF Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption Excel PDF Table 6. Industrial Key Indicators and Consumption Excel PDF Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Indicators

65

Annual Energy Outlook Retrospective Review: Evaluation of 2011 and Prior Reference Case Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Energy Outlook Annual Energy Outlook Retrospective Review: Evaluation of 2011 and Prior Reference Case Projections March 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | AEO Retrospective Review: Evaluation of 2011 and Prior Reference Case Projections i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or

66

Business Case for Compressed Natural Gas in Municipal Fleets  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Technical Report Technical Report NREL/TP-7A2-47919 June 2010 Business Case for Compressed Natural Gas in Municipal Fleets Caley Johnson National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-7A2-47919 June 2010 Business Case for Compressed Natural Gas in Municipal Fleets C Johnson aley Prepared under Task No. FC08.0032 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

67

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on Low  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Temperature X-ray Diffraction Study of Natural Gas Hydrate Samples from the Gulf of Mexico Low Temperature X-ray Diffraction Study of Natural Gas Hydrate Samples from the Gulf of Mexico Low Temperature X-ray Diffraction Study of Natural Gas Hydrate Samples from the Gulf of Mexico Authors: C.J. Rawn, R. Sassen, S.M. Ulrich, E.A. Payzant, B.C. Chakoumakos, and T.J. Phelps Venue: 6th International Conference on Gas Hydrates, Fairmont Hotel, Vancouver, Canada July 6-10, 2008. http://www.icgh.org/ [external site]. Abstract: Clathrate hydrates of methane and other small alkanes occur widespread as terrestrial components in marine sediments of the continental margins and in permafrost sediments of the arctic. Quantitative study of natural clathrate hydrates is hampered by the difficulty in obtaining pristine samples, particularly from submarine environments. Bringing samples of clathrate hydrate from the seafloor at depths without compromising their integrity is not trivial. Most physical property measurements are based on studies of laboratory-synthesized samples. Here we report x-ray powder diffraction measurements of a natural gas hydrate sample from the Green Canyon, Gulf of Mexico (GOM). The first data were collected in 2002 and revealed ice and structure II gas hydrate. In the subsequent time the sample has been stored in liquid nitrogen. Recently new x-ray powder diffraction data have been collected as a function of temperature. Rietveld refinements on this new data show that there is approximately 50 wt % gas hydrate with structure type II and 50% ice at -140, -130, -115, -100, and -85oC. The Rietveld refinements on the data sets collected at -70 and -55oC show the amount of structure type II hydrate decreasing to approximately 40% and 37%, respectively. The Rietveld refinement of the data set collected at -40oC shows a sharp decrease in the amount of structure type II hydrate to approximately 9%. Rietveld refinements on the data sets collected at -25 and -10oC indicated that the structure type II hydrate is still present at 7 and 3%, respectively

68

Natural vegetation at the proposed Reference Repository Location in southeastern Washington  

SciTech Connect

The dominant shrubs were sagebrush and spiny hopsage; the herbs were dominated by cheatgrass and Sandberg bluegrass. Spiny hopsage appeared to be vulnerable to burning and also to damage by off-road vehicular traffic. It appears to have little or no ability to reproduce through seedlings; once the existing plants are killed they are not likely to be replaced, even if seed-producing plants are nearby. The only pure stand of spiny hopsage known to exist on the Hanford Site is on and near study plot 2H. Sagebrush, like spiny hopsage, is killed by burning and by heavy vehicles. Sagebrush is capable of reproducing via seeds, indicating that it is an inherently aggressive species with a capacity to reestablish itself if parent plants are in the vicinity to act as seed sources. Alien, annual plants, especially cheatgrass, were a major contributor to the herbaceous canopy cover in plots 3S, 4S, and 5S. However, native perennial grasses, especially Sandberg bluegrass, were a major contributor to the canopy cover in plots 1S and 2H. These differences are probably caused by differences in soil properties (e.g., water retention capacity), rather than to historical disturbances such as livestock grazing or wildfire. Specimens of Sandwort, Arenaria franklinii, growing near the Reference Repository Location were collected for examination by taxonomists to determine if the specimens are of the variety A. f. thompsonii, a taxon currently listed as threatened in the state of Washington. 16 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

Rickard, W.H.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on Gas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas and Oil in Utah: Potential, New Discoveries, and Hot Plays Gas and Oil in Utah: Potential, New Discoveries, and Hot Plays Gas and Oil in Utah: Potential, New Discoveries, and Hot Plays Author: Thomas C. Chidsey, Petroleum Section Chief, Utah Geological Survey, Salt Lake City, UT. Venue: International Oil Scouts Association’s 84th annual meeting, Stein Eriksen Lodge, Park City, UT, June 17–20, 2007, (http://www.oilscouts.com/index-main.html [external site]). Abstract: Utah’s natural gas and oil exploration history extends back more than 100 years, fluctuating greatly due to discoveries, price trends, and changing exploration targets. During the boom period of the early 1980s, activity peaked at over 500 wells per year. After slowing in the 1990s, drilling activity has again increased, reaching an all-time peak of 1,058 wells spudded and over 2,000 APDs (application for permit to drill) filed in 2006. This increase in activity has been spurred by high prices for both natural gas and oil and by the perception that Utah is highly prospective and underexplored. In recent years, the proportion of new wells exploring for gas has increased greatly. Total cumulative natural gas production from Utah fields now exceeds 8 Tcf. Recent successful drilling has been expanding reserves by about 10 percent per year, one of the highest rates of gas reserves increase in the country. Although gas production from some fields declined during the late 1990s, two factors caused overall gas production to increase. The development of coalbed natural gas (CBNG) accumulations in the Cretaceous Ferron Sandstone play, in particular Drunkards Wash field in central Utah, has increased the State’s annual gas production by 20–30 percent. Also, deeper exploratory and development drilling in the eastern and southern Uinta Basin during the past 5 years has led to discoveries of substantial gas accumulations in tight-sand reservoirs of the Tertiary Wasatch Formation, Cretaceous Mesaverde Group, and Jurassic Entrada and Wingate Sandstones. Significant potential exists for other coalfields (Book Cliffs, Sego, and Wasatch Plateau) around the Uinta Basin to yield CBNG, and the extent of deeper conventional and tight-gas plays remains to be explored. In addition, shale gas reservoirs in the Mississippian Manning Canyon Shale, Pennsylvanian Hermosa Group, and Cretaceous Mancos Shale of central, southeastern, and northeastern Utah, respectively, have tremendous untapped potential. Utah oilfields have produced a cumulative total of 1.3 billion barrels (bbl) of oil. Although annual production decreased from a peak of 41 million bbl in 1985 to 13 million bbl in 2003, the trend has since reversed, and 2005 production reached nearly 17 million bbl. A component (about one-third of the increase) of this turnaround has been the 2004 discovery of Covenant field in the central Utah thrust belt, or "Hingeline." This new field has already produced 3 million bbl of Mississippian-sourced oil from the Jurassic Navajo Sandstone in a thrusted anticline formed during the Sevier orogeny. This new oil play is the focus of extensive leasing and exploration activity—comparable to the late 1970s and early 1980s in the Utah-Wyoming salient of the thrust belt to the north.

70

"Table 1. Aeo Reference Case Projection Results" "Variable","Average Absolute Percent Differences","Percent of Projections Over- Estimated"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aeo Reference Case Projection Results" Aeo Reference Case Projection Results" "Variable","Average Absolute Percent Differences","Percent of Projections Over- Estimated" "Gross Domestic Product" "Real Gross Domestic Product (Average Cumulative Growth)* (Table 2)",0.9772689079,42.55319149 "Petroleum" "Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Constant $) (Table 3a)",35.19047501,18.61702128 "Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Nominal $) (Table 3b)",34.68652106,19.68085106 "Total Petroleum Consumption (Table 4)",6.150682783,66.4893617 "Crude Oil Production (Table 5)",5.99969572,59.57446809 "Petroleum Net Imports (Table 6)",13.27260615,67.0212766 "Natural Gas"

71

Enterprise Microblogging for Advanced Knowledge Sharing: The References@BT Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of innovative tools and applications within the intranet. References@BT is such a web- based application research has yet been conducted on microblogging. [Naaman et al, 2010] have explored the characteristics

Hammerton, James

72

Natural phenomena hazards performance categorization criteria for structures, systems, and components. [Contains references  

SciTech Connect

Department of Energy (DOE) requires in DOE 5480.23 the use of a graded approach'' in performing safety analysis and evaluation of DOE facilities for normal operating and accident conditions, including accidents caused by natural phenomena hazard (NPH) events. DOE 5480.28 uses this graded approach'' and requires, for the purpose of NPH design and evaluation, placing the structures, systems, and components (SSCS) comprising the DOE facilities into five performance categories. This Standard provides the criteria to be used for such categorization of SSCs, and recommends systematic procedures to implement these criteria. It applies to all DOE facilities that are covered by DOE 5480.28. Basic categorization criteria have been provided to determine the preliminary performance category of SSCS. These criteria are based on the system safety classification and hazard categorization/classification data obtained from the application of DOE 5480.23, DOE-STD-1027-92, and the general design criteria (DOE 6430.1B) and safety design criteria (DOE 5480.30 and 5480.NNFDC) documents (these documents are under development). The final performance category is then determined considering applicable system interaction.

Not Available

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on CO2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CO2 Sequestration Potential of the North Michigan Silurian Reef CO2 Sequestration Potential of the North Michigan Silurian Reef CO2 Sequestration Potential of the North Michigan Silurian Reef Authors: Brian Toelle, Chaoqing Yang (speaker), and Tracee Imai, Schlumberger Ltd. Venue: Eastern Section of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists 2007 Annual Meeting, Lexington, KY, September 16–18, 2007 (http://www.uky.edu/KGS/esaapg07/ [external site]). Abstract: The Northern Silurian Reef trend of the Michigan Basin was developed within the stratigraphic unit historically referred to as the Niagaran Brown. Within the past few years this unit was renamed the Guelph Formation. Over 700 reefs make up this trend, with some of these being over 300 acres in size and having produced more than 5 million barrels of oil. Estimates of the total amount of hydrocarbons produced for the entire trend have been reported to be as much as nearly a half a billion barrels. The U.S. Department of Energy has funded a study of an ongoing enhanced oil recovery project being conducted on a reef within this trend and entailing CO2 injection. The Charlton 30/31 reef, located in Otsego County, MI, like many other reefs in the play, was discovered and developed during the 1970s and 1980s. This field has completed its primary production phase, during which six wells produced 2.6 million of the field’s estimated 7 million barrels of oil in place. This reservoir is characterized as a low-porosity, low-permeability limestone matrix with irregular dolomitized intervals providing a secondary network of higher porosity and permeability, which controls fluid flow throughout the reservoir. The estimated average porosity in this reef is just slightly over 6 percent. As part of this study, the reservoir attributes identified at the Charlton 30/31 reef were extended to the entire Northern Reef Trend in order to determine its CO2 sequestration capacity. Additionally, the potential oil recovery has been estimated.

74

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on a  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a Unified Imaging Procedure for 2-D Land Multichannel Seismic Data a Unified Imaging Procedure for 2-D Land Multichannel Seismic Data Towards a Unified Imaging Procedure for 2-D Land Multichannel Seismic Data Authors: Jaiswal, Priyank, Zelt, C.A., Rice University, and Dasgupta, R., Oil India Limited Venue: 70th EAGE Conference and Exhibition, Rome, Italy, June 11-14, 2008 (http://www.eage.org/events/index.php?eventid=57&Opendivs=s2 [external site). Abstract: This project demonstrates that imaging of 2-D multichannel seismic data can be effectively accomplished by a combination of travel-time inversion and pre-stack depth migration (PSDM); this combined method is referred to as unified imaging. Unified imaging begins with inversion of direct arrivals for estimating a velocity model that is used in static corrections and stacking velocity analysis. The interval velocity model (from stacking velocities) is used for PSDM. The stacked data and the PSDM image are interpreted for common horizons and the corresponding wide-aperture reflections are identified in the shot gathers. Using the interval velocity model the stack interpretations are inverted as zero-offset reflections for constraining the corresponding interfaces in depth; the interval velocity model is maintained stationary. A coefficient of congruence, j, is defined which measures the discrepancy between the horizons from the PSDM image and their counterparts from the zero-offset inversion. A value of unity for j implies that the interpreted and inverted horizons are consistent to within the interpretational uncertainties and the unified imaging is said to have converged at this point. For j greater than unity, the interval velocity model and the horizon depths are updated by jointly inverting the direct arrivals with the zero-offset and the wide-aperture reflections. The updated interval velocity model is used again for both PSDM and zero-offset inversion. Interpretations of the new PSDM image are the updated horizons depths. The unified imaging is applied to seismic data from the Naga Thrust and Fold Belt, India. Wide-aperture and zero-offset data from three geologically significant horizons are used. Three runs of joint inversion and PSDM are required in a cyclic manner for j to converge to unity. A joint interpretation of the final velocity model and the final depth image reveal the presence of a triangle zone that appears to be promising for exploration.

75

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Performance of Class 2 and Class 3 Hydrate Deposits during Co-Production with Conventional Gas the Performance of Class 2 and Class 3 Hydrate Deposits during Co-Production with Conventional Gas The Performance of Class 2 and Class 3 Hydrate Deposits during Co-Production with Conventional Gas (OTC 19435) Authors: George J. Moridis (speaker), Matthew T. Reagan, and Keni Zhang Venue: 2008 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, May 5-8, 2008 ( http://www.spe.org and http://www.smenet.org [external sites] ) Abstract: Recent numerical studies have provided strong indications that it is possible to produce large volumes of gas from natural hydrate deposits at high rates (in excess of 10 MMSCFD) for long times by depressurization-induced dissociation of hydrates. Of the various factors that can adversely affect the production potential of hydrates, low temperatures have one of the strongest negative impacts. These can be caused by low initial temperatures, increasing stability of the hydrate (as defined by the deviation between the temperature of the deposit and the equilibrium temperature at the reservoir pressure), and by an advanced stage of dissociation (a strongly endothermic reaction) when substantial amounts of hydrates remain. The reasons for the production decline include a reduction in the rate of the hydrate dissociation at lower temperatures and the evolution of flow restrictions in the vicinity of the well caused by the formation of hydrate and/or ice in the vicinity of the wellbore. The latter is caused by continuous cooling, and is the reason why large amounts of gas that may have been released in the reservoir in the course of earlier dissociation cannot be easily recovered.

76

Business Case for Compressed Natural Gas in Municipal Fleets  

SciTech Connect

This report describes how NREL used the CNG Vehicle and Infrastructure Cash-Flow Evaluation (VICE) model to establish guidance for fleets making decisions about using compressed natural gas.

Johnson, C.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Nyman RNR 3108 Renewable Natural Resources 3108: CASE STUDIES IN HABITAT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nyman RNR 3108 Renewable Natural Resources 3108: CASE STUDIES IN HABITAT RESTORATION Syllabus:30 to 1:20; Thursdays, Room 141 Renewable Natural Resources Building Laboratory: 1:30-4:20, Thursdays, departs from Room 141, Renewable Natural Resources Building. Field notebooks are required for all field

Nyman, John

78

Nature in Play: Measuring the Relationship of Nature and Unstructured Play through Case Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are given for three play spaces containing little nature, some nature, and complete nature in Bonn, Germany. The city has a rich environment and culture with a historic dedication to caring for the environment that made it ideal for a comparison... for encouraging me to apply to the Undergraduate Research Program and guiding me through the research process. She asked challenging questions that added depth to the project. Many individuals in Germany were helpful to my research. The resourceful Miriam...

McCleary, Lisa Christine

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

79

Business Case for Compressed Natural Gas in Municipal Fleets | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Business Case for Compressed Natural Gas in Municipal Fleets Business Case for Compressed Natural Gas in Municipal Fleets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Business Case for Compressed Natural Gas in Municipal Fleets Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Analysis Tools, Best Practices Website: www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/pdfs/47919.pdf This report describes how the compressed natural gas (CNG) Vehicle and Infrastructure Cash-Flow Evaluation (VICE) model can be used to establish guidance for fleets making decisions about using CNG. The model assists fleets and businesses in evaluating the profitability of potential CNG projects by demonstrating the relationship between project profitability and fleet operating parameters.

80

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: H2A Case Study: Future Central Natural  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Natural Gas Reforming without Sequestration Natural Gas Reforming without Sequestration Project Summary Full Title: H2A Case Study: Longer-Term (2020-2030) Hydrogen from Natural Gas without CO2 Capture and Sequestration Project ID: 240 Principal Investigator: Darlene Steward Keywords: Hydrogen production; steam methane reforming; natural gas Purpose Steam reforming of hydrocarbons continues to be the most efficient, economical, and widely used process for production of hydrogen and hydrogen/carbon monoxide mixtures. The process involves a catalytic conversion of the hydrocarbon and steam to hydrogen and carbon oxides. Since the process works only with light hydrocarbons that can be vaporized completely without carbon formation, the feedstocks used range from methane (natural gas) to naphtha to No. 2 fuel oil.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: H2A Case Study: Current Central Natural  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Natural Gas Reforming without Sequestration Natural Gas Reforming without Sequestration Project Summary Full Title: H2A Case Study: Current (2005) Central Hydrogen from Natural Gas without CO2 Capture and Sequestration Project ID: 233 Principal Investigator: Darlene Steward Keywords: Hydrogen production; steam methane reforming; natural gas Purpose Steam reforming of hydrocarbons continues to be the most efficient, economical, and widely used process for production of hydrogen and hydrogen/carbon monoxide mixtures. The purpose of this analysis is to assess the economic production of hydrogen from the steam reforming of natural gas. Performer Principal Investigator: Darlene Steward Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Address: 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, CO 80401-3393 Telephone: 303-275-3837

82

Changing quantum reference frames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the process of changing reference frames in the case where the reference frames are quantum systems. We find that, as part of this process, decoherence is necessarily induced on any quantum system described relative to these frames. We explore this process with examples involving reference frames for phase and orientation. Quantifying the effect of changing quantum reference frames serves as a first step in developing a relativity principle for theories in which all objects including reference frames are necessarily quantum.

Matthew C. Palmer; Florian Girelli; Stephen D. Bartlett

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

83

Reference Material  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Materials There are a variety of reference materials the NSSAB utilizes and have been made available on its website. Documents Fact Sheets - links to Department of Energy...

84

Assessment of Natural Hazard Damage and Reconstruction: A Case Study from Band Aceh, Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thomas. 2007. Assessment and prediction of natural hazardsAssessment of Natural Hazard Damage and Reconstruction: AWorking Paper Series Assessment of Natural Hazard Damage and

Gillespie, Thomas; Frankenberg, Elizabeth; Braughton, Matt; Cooke, Abigail M.; Armenta, Tiffany; Thomas, Duncan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

U.S. Energy Information Administration | AEO Retrospective Review: Evaluation of 2011 and Prior Reference Case Projections 17  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Table 7a. Natural gas wellhead prices, projected vs. actual Projected price in constant dollars (constant dollars per thousand cubic feet in "dollar year" specific to each AEO) AEO Dollar Year 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 AEO 1994 1992 1.94 2.03 2.11 2.19 2.29 2.35 2.39 2.42 2.47 2.55 2.65 2.75 2.89 3.01 3.17 3.30 3.35 3.47

86

U.S. Energy Information Administration | AEO Retrospective Review: Evaluation of 2011 and Prior Reference Case Projections 19  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

19 19 Table 8. Total natural gas consumption, projected vs. actual Projected (trillion cubic feet) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 AEO 1994 19.87 20.21 20.64 20.99 21.20 21.42 21.60 21.99 22.37 22.63 22.95 23.22 23.58 23.82 24.09 24.13 24.02 24.14 AEO 1995 20.82 20.66 20.85 21.21 21.65 21.95 22.12 22.25 22.43 22.62 22.87 23.08 23.36 23.61 24.08 24.23 24.59 AEO 1996 21.32 21.64 22.11 22.21 22.26 22.34 22.46 22.74 23.14 23.63 24.08 24.25 24.63 25.11 25.56 26.00

87

U.S. Energy Information Administration | AEO Retrospective Review: Evaluation of 2011 and Prior Reference Case Projections 21  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Table 10. Natural gas net imports, projected vs. actual Projected (trillion cubic feet) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 AEO 1994 2.02 2.40 2.66 2.74 2.81 2.85 2.89 2.93 2.95 2.97 3.00 3.16 3.31 3.50 3.57 3.63 3.74 3.85 AEO 1995 2.46 2.54 2.80 2.87 2.87 2.89 2.90 2.90 2.92 2.95 2.97 3.00 3.03 3.19 3.35 3.51 3.60 AEO 1996 2.56 2.75 2.85 2.88 2.93 2.98 3.02 3.06 3.07 3.09 3.12 3.17 3.23 3.29 3.37 3.46 AEO 1997 2.82 2.96 3.16 3.43 3.46 3.50 3.53 3.58 3.64 3.69 3.74 3.78 3.83 3.87 3.92

88

U.S. Energy Information Administration | AEO Retrospective Review: Evaluation of 2011 and Prior Reference Case Projections 20  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

20 20 Table 9. Natural gas production, projected vs. actual Projected (trillion cubic feet) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 AEO 1994 17.71 17.68 17.84 18.12 18.25 18.43 18.58 18.93 19.28 19.51 19.80 19.92 20.13 20.18 20.38 20.35 20.16 20.19 AEO 1995 18.28 17.98 17.92 18.21 18.63 18.92 19.08 19.20 19.36 19.52 19.75 19.94 20.17 20.28 20.60 20.59 20.88 AEO 1996 18.90 19.15 19.52 19.59 19.59 19.65 19.73 19.97 20.36 20.82 21.25 21.37 21.68 22.11 22.47 22.83 AEO 1997 19.10 19.70 20.17 20.32 20.54 20.77 21.26 21.90 22.31 22.66 22.93 23.38 23.68 23.99 24.25

89

Distribution of Economic Benefits from Ecotourism: A Case Study of Wolong Nature Reserve for Giant Pandas in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distribution of Economic Benefits from Ecotourism: A Case Study of Wolong Nature Reserve for Giant / Published online: 14 October 2008 Ă? Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008 Abstract Ecotourism is widely benefit distribution among stakeholders can erode their support for or lead to the failure of ecotourism

90

Appendix A. Reference case projections  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Zealand 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.7 1.3 2.0 19.4 Germany 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 India 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 - South...

91

Appendix A. Reference case projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Zealand 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 8.6 Germany 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1 India 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - South...

92

Appendix A. Reference case projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

48.7 54.6 59.9 65.3 2.1 Middle East 23.2 24.3 25.9 30.4 34.5 38.9 43.0 47.3 2.2 North Africa 3.8 3.7 2.4 3.7 4.0 4.3 4.7 4.9 0.9 West Africa 4.1 4.5 4.4 5.5 6.2 6.8 7.2 7.5 1.7...

93

Appendix A. Reference case projections  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

34.5 37.8 41.0 43.7 0.7 Middle East 23.2 24.3 25.9 22.6 23.6 26.6 29.4 31.8 0.9 North Africa 3.8 3.7 2.4 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.7 0.0 West Africa 4.1 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.0 0.4...

94

Natural  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summary of U.S. Natural Gas Imports and Exports, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Imports Volume (million cubic feet) Pipeline Canada............................. 2,094,387 2,266,751 2,566,049 2,816,408 2,883,277 Mexico .............................. 0 1,678 7,013 6,722 13,862 Total Pipeline Imports....... 2,094,387 2,268,429 2,573,061 2,823,130 2,897,138 LNG Algeria .............................. 43,116 81,685 50,778 17,918 35,325 United Arab Emirates ....... 0 0 0 0 4,949 Total LNG Imports............. 43,116 81,685 50,778 17,918 40,274 Total Imports......................... 2,137,504 2,350,115 2,623,839 2,841,048 2,937,413 Average Price (dollars per thousand cubic feet) Pipeline Canada............................. 1.84 2.02 1.86 1.48 1.96 Mexico .............................. - 1.94 1.99 1.53 2.25 Total Pipeline Imports.......

95

Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf Reference Shelf Find reference sources Questions? 505-667-5809 Email Biography Biographies of Women in Science Biography.com Marquis Who's Who NobelPrize.org Nobel Prize Internet Archive Calculators Currency Converter OnlineConversion.com Wolfram|Alpha Computational Knowledge Engine Dictionaries Oxford English Dictionary Merriam-Webster Dictionary DOD Dictionary of Military Terms Encyclopedias Britannica Online Columbia Encyclopedia Wikipedia Grants & Funding DOE Office of Science Grants & Contracts National Science Foundation National Institutes of Health Grants.Gov FedBizOpps.gov Los Alamos Info Los Alamos County Los Alamos Historical Society University of New Mexico - Los Alamos Campus Maps Atlapedia Online Perry-Casteneda Library Map Collection U.S. Gazetteer

96

Rapid detection of staphylococcal thermonuclease on casings of naturally contaminated fermented sausages.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...DNA agar diffusion system resulted in a twofold...metachromatic agar diffusion system (7). The thermonuclease...ng per Casing test steam- Medium casing disk...extraction procedure. Steam- ing the casing...laboratories a screening tool which could signif...Heat-stable nuclease for assessment of staphylococcal...

B S Emswiler-Rose; R W Johnston; M E Harris; W H Lee

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Institutional change in European natural gas markets and implications for energy security: Lessons from the German case  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article focuses on institutional change in the German gas market driven by EU internal market and climate policies. It argues that institutional change has functional externalities for energy security. The German gas market provides a useful case study, as Germany is the biggest continental gas market, a major hub and transport country which has largely privatised, unbundled and separated its natural gas undertakings. Transition is ongoing, tending towards an internal market. Inter/national natural gas economics is in flux. Institutional evolution has repercussions for corporate and market structures, the operating of the system and the realization of transactions. Changes in the institutional framework crucially affect energy security, which is often associated with institutional stability. On the basis of this case study, it is argued herein that the security of natural gas supplies should be reexamined in the context of the developments described above, since overall the institutional changes in natural gas security lag behind the EU’s internal natural gas market development.

Kirsten Westphal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Type curve analysis for naturally fractured reservoirs (infinite-acting reservoir case): a new approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis methods are sometimes inconclusive for pressure transient analysis of wells completed in naturally fractured reservoirs. This is due to wellbore storage effects which mask the early time "straight-line" that is expected on the semilog plot...

Angel Restrepo, Juan Alejandro

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

99

Poroelastic references  

SciTech Connect

This file contains a list of relevant references on the Biot theory (forward and inverse approaches), the double-porosity and dual-permeability theory, and seismic wave propagation in fracture porous media, in RIS format, to approach seismic monitoring in a complex fractured porous medium such as Brady?s Geothermal Field.

Christina Morency

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

100

Poroelastic references  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

This file contains a list of relevant references on the Biot theory (forward and inverse approaches), the double-porosity and dual-permeability theory, and seismic wave propagation in fracture porous media, in RIS format, to approach seismic monitoring in a complex fractured porous medium such as Brady?s Geothermal Field.

Christina Morency

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Exploring the Potential Business Case for Synergies Between Natural Gas and Renewable Energy  

SciTech Connect

Natural gas and renewable energy each contribute to economic growth, energy independence, and carbon mitigation, sometimes independently and sometimes collectively. Often, natural gas and renewables are considered competitors in markets, such as those for bulk electricity. This paper attempts to address the question, 'Given near- and long-term needs for abundant, cleaner energy sources and decarbonization, how can more compelling business models be created so that these two domestic forms of energy work in greater concert?' This paper explores revenue opportunities that emerge from systems-level perspectives in 'bulk energy' (large-scale electricity and natural gas production, transmission, and trade) and four 'distribution edge' subsectors: industrial, residential, commercial, and transportation end uses.

Cochran, J.; Zinaman, O.; Logan, J.; Arent, D.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Optimization of the distribution of compressed natural gas (CNG) refueling stations: Swiss case studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To become a mass-market product, compressed natural gas (CNG) cars will need a dense network of filling stations. The Swiss natural gas industry plans to invest in 350 additional CNG stations to supplement the existing 50 sites. Cost–benefit analysis is used to define the optimal locations for these among the existing 3470 petrol filling stations. It is found using two simulations looking at equitable location of sites and socially optimal ones, that the investment in additional CNG infrastructure is unlikely to be socially advantageous.

Martin Frick; K.W. Axhausen; Gian Carle; Alexander Wokaun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Chemical Potential and the Nature of the Dark Energy: The case of phantom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of a possible non zero chemical potential $\\mu$ on the nature of dark energy is investigated by assuming that the dark energy is a relativistic perfect simple fluid obeying the equation of state (EoS), $p=\\omega \\rho$ ($\\omega 0$, the $\\omega$-parameter must be greater than -1 (vacuum is forbidden) while for $\\mu 0$ are permmited only if $-1 < \\omega < -1/2$. The thermodynamics and statistical arguments constrain the EoS parameter to be $\\omega < -1/2$, a result surprisingly close to the maximal value required to accelerate a FRW type universe dominated by matter and dark energy ($\\omega \\lesssim -10/21$).

J. A. S. Lima; S. H. Pereira

2008-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

104

Subject: References:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Subject: Subject: References: DEAR 970.3102-2 Compensation for personal services DEAR 970.5204-13 Allowable costs and fixed-fee (Management and operating contracts) DEAR 970.5204-14 Allowable costs and fixed-fee (support contracts) When is this ~\.cquisition Letter (AL) Effective? This AL is effective 10 days from the date of issuance. This gui~ce supersedes any previous statutory cap on executive compensation. Existing contracts need to be reviewed to determine whether contract terms and conditions are consistent with the guidance in this AL, or whether contract modifications are necessary. When Does this AL Expire? This AL remain;; in effect until superseded or canceled. Whom do you Contact for More Information? Contact the Office of Procurement and Assistance Policy, for questions pertaining to the

105

Limited Electricity Generation Supply and Limited Natural Gas Supply Cases (released in AEO2008)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Development of U.S. energy resources and the permitting and construction of large energy facilities have become increasingly difficult over the past 20 years, and they could become even more difficult in the future. Growing public concern about global warming and CO2 emissions also casts doubt on future consumption of fossil fuels -- particularly coal, which releases the largest amount of CO2 per unit of energy produced. Even without regulations to limit greenhouse gas emissions in the United States, the investment community may already be limiting the future use of some energy options. In addition, there is considerable uncertainty about the future availability of, and access to, both domestic and foreign natural gas resources.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

NEWTON's Botany References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Botany References Botany References Do you have a great botany video? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Videos: AOL News AOL News - Botany Videos AOL news provides hundreds of botany videos from around the world. View informational and instructional videos as well as interviews about the latest botany topics and discoveries. NeoK12 Plant Videos NeoK12 - Every Plant Topic Imaginable Explore videos encompassing every category dealing with plants. Learn about photosynthesis, plant evolution, reproduction, and many more plant related videos. Fungus Image Fungi Videos BBC Nature provides informational videos about fugni and other organisms. Learn and explore a wide variety of topics concerning the fungus kingdom. Other Botany Videos: Botany Videos for Kids Look at various botany videos geared towards a younger audience.

107

natural gas supply | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

natural gas supply natural gas supply Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 13, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses gigawatts. The data is broken down into production, net imports, consumption by sector and price. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO disposition EIA natural gas supply prices Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Natural Gas Supply, Disposition, and Prices - Reference Case (xls, 91.8 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

108

EIA - 2010 International Energy Outlook - Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Natural Gas International Energy Outlook 2010 Natural Gas In the IEO2010 Reference case, natural gas consumption in non-OECD countries grows about three times as fast as in OECD countries. Non-OECD production increases account for 89 percent of the growth in world production from 2007 to 2035. Figure 36. World natural gas consumption 2007-2035. Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 37. Change in World natural gas production by region, 2007-2035. Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 38. Natural gas consumption in North America by country, 2007-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 39. Natural gas consumption in OECD Europe by end-use sector 2007-2035. Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo

109

International Energy Outlook 2006 - Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Natural Gas International Energy Outlook 2006 Chapter 4: Natural Gas Natural gas trails coal as the fastest growing primary energy source in IEO2006. The natural gas share of total world energy consumption increases from 24 percent in 2003 to 26 percent in 2030. Figure 34. World Natural Gas Consumption by Region, 1990-2030 (Trillion Cubic Feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 35. World Natural Gas Consumption by End-Use Sector, 2003-2030 (Trillion Cubic Feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Consumption of natural gas worldwide increases from 95 trillion cubic feet in 2003 to 182 trillion cubic feet in 2030 in the IEO2006 reference case

110

Economic comparison between coal-fired and liquefied natural gas combined cycle power plants considering carbon tax: Korean case  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economic growth is main cause of environmental pollution and has been identified as a big threat to sustainable development. Considering the enormous role of electricity in the national economy, it is essential to study the effect of environmental regulations on the electricity sector. This paper aims at making an economic analysis of Korea's power plant utilities by comparing electricity generation costs from coal-fired power plants and liquefied natural gas (LNG) combined cycle power plants with environmental consideration. In this study, the levelized generation cost method (LGCM) is used for comparing economic analysis of power plant utilities. Among the many pollutants discharged during electricity generation, this study principally deals with control costs related only to CO2 and NO2, since the control costs of SO2 and total suspended particulates (TSP) are already included in the construction cost of utilities. The cost of generating electricity in a coal-fired power plant is compared with such cost in a LNG combined cycle power plant. Moreover, a sensitivity analysis with computer simulation is performed according to fuel price, interest rates and carbon tax. In each case, these results can help in deciding which utility is economically justified in the circumstances of environmental regulations.

Suk-Jae Jeong; Kyung-Sup Kim; Jin-Won Park; Dong-soon Lim; Seung-moon Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2009-Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Natural Gas International Energy Outlook 2009 Chapter 3 - Natural Gas In the IEO2009 reference case, natural gas consumption in the non-OECD countries grows more than twice as fast as in the OECD countries. Production increases in the non-OECD region account for more than 80 percent of the growth in world production from 2006 to 2030. Figure 33. World Natural Gas Consumption, 1980-2030 (Trillion Cubic Feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 34. Natural Gas Consumption in North America by Country and Sector, 2006-2030 (Trillion Cubic Feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 35. Natural Gas Consumption in OECD Asia by Country and Sector, 2006 and 2030 (Trillion Cubic Feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

112

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2008-Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Natural Gas International Energy Outlook 2008 Chapter 3 - Natural Gas In the IEO2008 reference case, natural gas consumption in the non-OECD countries grows more than twice as fast as in the OECD countries. Production increases in the non-OECD region account for more than 90 percent of the growth in world production from 2005 to 2030. Figure 35. World Natural Gas Consumption, 1980-2030 (Trillion Cubic Feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 36. Natural Gas Consumption in North America by Country, 2005-2030 (Trillion Cubic Feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 37. Natural Gas Consumption in OECD Europe, 2005-2030 (Trillion Cubic Feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

113

Quantifying the Environmental Impact of an Integrated Human/Industrial-Natural System Using Life Cycle Assessment; A Case Study on a Forest and Wood Processing Chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantifying the Environmental Impact of an Integrated Human/Industrial-Natural System Using Life Cycle Assessment; A Case Study on a Forest and Wood Processing Chain ... For example a forest provides wood but can also emit quantities of NO, CO2, and other compounds, requires solar energy, and occupies a piece of land. ... The net electricity generated is a product of the wood disposal through burning. ...

Thomas Schaubroeck; Rodrigo A. F. Alvarenga; Kris Verheyen; Bart Muys; Jo Dewulf

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

114

NETL: Reference Shelf - Techline Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf Archive Reports 2012: December, 2012 Final Project Report DE-NT0006554 GIS- and Web-based Water Resource Geospatial Infrastructure for Oil Shale Development [PDF-14.6MB] November, 2012 Final Project Report 08121-2902-02 Technologies of the Future for Pipeline Monitoring and Inspection [PDF-2.47MB] November, 2012 Final Project Report 07122-22 Petrophysical Studies of Unconventional Gas Reservoirs Using High-resolution Rock Imaging [PDF-27.7MB] November, 2012 Final Project Report 08122-35 The Environmentally Friendly Drilling Systems Program [PDF-4.33] October, 2012 Final Project Report DE-FE0003537 Next Generation Surfactants for Improved Chemical Flooding Technology [PDF-1.91MB] October, 2012 Final Project Report 08123-02 Field Demonstration of Alkaline Surfactant Polymer Floods in Mature Oil Reservoirs Brookshire Dome, Texas [PDF-5.06MB]

115

International Energy Outlook 2001 - Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Natural Gas picture of a printer Printer Friendly Version (PDF) Natural gas is the fastest growing primary energy source in the IEO2001 forecast. The use of natural gas is projected to nearly double between 1999 and 2020, providing a relatively clean fuel for efficient new gas turbine power plants. Natural gas is expected to be the fastest growing component of world energy consumption in the International Energy Outlook 2001 (IEO2001) reference case. Gas use is projected to almost double, to 162 trillion cubic feet in 2020 from 84 trillion cubic feet in 1999 (Figure 38). With an average annual growth rate of 3.2 percent, the share of natural gas in total primary energy consumption is projected to grow to 28 percent from 23 percent. The largest increments in gas use are expected in Central and

116

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Preliminary Regulatory Impact Analysis - Joint Rulemaking to Establish CAFE and GHG Emissions Standards, MY 2012-2016 - Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and...

117

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Standards * Additional information taken from: - Joint Rulemaking to Establish CAFE and GHG Emissions Standards, MY 2012-2016 - Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and...

118

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Coal and Nuclear Electricity Generation for 2013 EIA Energy Conference June 18, 2013 | Washington, DC by Jim Diefenderfer, Office of Electricity, Coal, Nuclear & Renewables...

119

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

etc.) * Statutory and Regulatory requirements (RFS2, for example) * Prices of primary energy (crude oil, etc.) LP * Minimize cost to meet fuel demands and legal requirements *...

120

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

of Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) after U.S. Court of Appeals vacated Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) * Continued to coordinate with Survey Team and Statistics Group...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

An empirical analysis on the adoption of alternative fuel vehicles:The case of natural gas vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. U.S. conventional B A NGV Penetration Rate Fig. 7.versus NGV market penetration rate in case-study countries.Zealand had an NGV penetration rate just over 10% in 1985,

Yeh, Sonia

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Free Trade in Oil and Natural Gas, The Case for Lifting the Ban on U.S. Energy Exports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Not only should the US lift its ban on exporting oil and natural gas in light of today’s economic and political climate, but it was wrong to ever ban such exports in the first place. The US should cease to view its energy resources as a purely...

Griffin, James M.; Gause, F. Gregory

123

Characterization of interim reference shales  

SciTech Connect

Measurements have been made on the chemical and physical properties of two oil shales designated as interim reference oil shales by the Department of Energy. One oil shale is a Green River Formation, Parachute Creek Member, Mahogany Zone Colorado oil shale from the Anvil Points mine and the other is a Clegg Creek Member, New Albany shale from Kentucky. Material balance Fischer assays, kerogen concentrates, carbon aromaticities, thermal properties, and bulk mineralogic properties have been determined for the oil shales. The measured properties of the interim reference shales are comparable to results obtained from previous studies on similar shales. The western interim reference shale has a low carbon aromaticity, high Fischer assay conversion to oil, and a dominant carbonate mineralogy. The eastern interim reference shale has a high carbon aromaticity, low Fischer assay conversion to oil, and a dominant silicate mineralogy. Chemical and physical properties, including ASTM distillations, have been determined for shale oils produced from the interim reference shales. The distillation data were used in conjunction with API correlations to calculate a large number of shale oil properties that are required for computer models such as ASPEN. The experimental determination of many of the shale oil properties was beyond the scope of this study. Therefore, direct comparison between calculated and measured values of many properties could not be made. However, molecular weights of the shale oils were measured. In this case, there was poor agreement between measured molecular weights and those calculated from API and other published correlations. 23 refs., 12 figs., 15 tabs.

Miknis, F.P.; Sullivan, S.; Mason, G.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Natural gas consumption | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

gas consumption gas consumption Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 136, and contains only the reference case. This dataset is in trillion cubic feet. The data is broken down into residential, commercial, industrial, electric power and transportation. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Natural gas consumption Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Natural Gas Consumption by End-Use Sector and Census Division- Reference Case (xls, 138.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035

125

Natural attenuation of fuel hydrocarbon contaminants: Hydraulic conductivity dependency of biodegradation rates in a field case study  

SciTech Connect

Two biodegradation models are developed to represent natural attenuation of fuel-hydrocarbon contaminants as observed in a comprehensive natural-gradient tracer test in a heterogeneous aquifer on the Columbus Air Force Base in Mississippi. The first, a first-order mass loss model, describes the irreversible losses of BTEX and its individual components, i.e., benzene (B), toluene (T), ethyl benzene (E), and xylene (X). The second, a reactive pathway model, describes sequential degradation pathways for BTEX utilizing multiple electron acceptors, including oxygen, nitrate, iron and sulfate, and via methanogenesis. The heterogeneous aquifer is represented by multiple hydraulic conductivity (K) zones delineated on the basis of numerous flowmeter K measurements. A direct propagation artificial neural network (DPN) is used as an inverse modeling tool to estimate the biodegradation rate constants associated with each of the K zones. In both the mass loss model and the reactive pathway model, the biodegradation rate constants show an increasing trend with the hydraulic conductivity. The finding of correlation between biodegradation kinetics and hydraulic conductivity distributions is of general interest and relevance to characterization and modeling of natural attenuation of hydrocarbons in other petroleum-product contaminated sites.

Lu, Guoping; Zheng, Chunmiao

2003-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

126

Natural Attenuation of Fuel Hydrocarbon Contaminants: Correlation of Biodegradation with Hydraulic Conductivity in a Field Case Study  

SciTech Connect

Two biodegradation models are developed to represent natural attenuation of fuel-hydrocarbon contaminants as observed in a comprehensive natural-gradient tracer test in a heterogeneous aquifer on the Columbus Air Force Base in Mississippi, USA. The first, a first-order mass loss model, describes the irreversible losses of BTEX and its individual components, i.e., benzene (B), toluene (T), ethyl benzene (E), and xylene (X). The second, a reactive pathway model, describes sequential degradation pathways for BTEX utilizing multiple electron acceptors, including oxygen, nitrate, iron and sulfate, and via methanogenesis. The heterogeneous aquifer is represented by multiple hydraulic conductivity (K) zones delineated on the basis of numerous flowmeter K measurements. A direct propagation artificial neural network (DPN) is used as an inverse modeling tool to estimate the biodegradation rate constants associated with each of the K zones. In both the mass loss model and the reactive pathway model, the biodegradation rate constants show an increasing trend with the hydraulic conductivity. The finding of correlation between biodegradation kinetics and hydraulic conductivity distributions is of general interest and relevance to characterization and modeling of natural attenuation of hydrocarbons in other petroleum-product contaminated sites.

Lu, Guoping; Zheng, Chunmiao

2003-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

Naturally Occurring Radionuclides of Ash Produced by Coal Combustion. The Case of the Kardia Mine in Northern Greece  

SciTech Connect

West Macedonia Lignite Center (WMLC), located in Northwest Greece, releases into the atmosphere about 21,400 tons/year of fly ash through the stacks of four coal fired plants. The lignite ash contains naturally occurring radionuclides, which are deposited on the WMLC basin. This work investigates the natural radioactivity of twenty six ash samples, laboratory produced from combustion of lignite, which was sampled perpendicularly to the benches of the Kardia mine. The concentrations of radionuclides {sup 40}K, {sup 235}U, {sup 238}U, {sup 226}Ra, {sup 228}Ra and {sup 232}Th, were measured spectroscopically and found round one order of magnitude as high as those of lignite. Subsequently the Radionuclide Partitioning Coefficients of radionuclides were calculated and it was found that they are higher for {sup 232}Th, {sup 228}Ra and {sup 40}K, because the latter have closer affinity with the inorganic matrix of lignite. During combustion up to one third of the naturally occurring radioisotopes escape from the solid phase into the flue gases. With comparison to relative global data, the investigated ash has been found to have relatively high radioactivity, but the emissions of the WMLC radionuclides contribute only 0.03% to the mean annual absorbed dose.

Fotakis, M.; Tsikritzis, L.; Tzimkas, N.; Kolovos, N.; Tsikritzi, R. [Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of West Macedonia, Department of Pollution Control Technologies, Koila, Kozani, 50100 (Greece)

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

128

Nature of Low-Energy Dipole Strength in Nuclei: The Case of a Resonance at Particle Threshold in 208  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Universita¨t Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt, Germany 2 Institut fu¨r Theoretische Physik, Universita¨t Giessen, D-35392 Giessen, Germany (Received 31 August 2002; published 18 December 2002) A high a representative case, 208Pb. Indeed, the resonance fluorescence (NRF) experiment reported below was triggered

Ponomarev, Vladimir

129

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 - Natural Gas Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Demand Natural Gas Demand Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030 Natural Gas Demand Figure 72. Natural gas consumption by sector, 1990-2030 (trillion cubic feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 73. Total natural gas consumption, 1990-2030 (trillion cubic feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Fastest Increase in Natural Gas Use Is Expected for the Buildings Sectors In the reference case, total natural gas consumption increases from 21.7 trillion cubic feet in 2006 to a peak value of 23.8 trillion cubic feet in 2016, followed by a decline to 22.7 trillion cubic feet in 2030. The natural gas share of total energy consumption drops from 22 percent in 2006

130

High frequency reference electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high frequency reference electrode for electrochemical experiments comprises a mercury-calomel or silver-silver chloride reference electrode with a layer of platinum around it and a layer of a chemically and electrically resistant material such as TEFLON around the platinum covering all but a small ring or halo' at the tip of the reference electrode, adjacent to the active portion of the reference electrode. The voltage output of the platinum layer, which serves as a redox electrode, and that of the reference electrode are coupled by a capacitor or a set of capacitors and the coupled output transmitted to a standard laboratory potentiostat. The platinum may be applied by thermal decomposition to the surface of the reference electrode. The electrode provides superior high-frequency response over conventional electrodes. 4 figs.

Kronberg, J.W.

1994-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

131

Optical voltage reference  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical voltage reference for providing an alternative to a battery source is described. The optical reference apparatus provides a temperature stable, high precision, isolated voltage reference through the use of optical isolation techniques to eliminate current and impedance coupling errors. Pulse rate frequency modulation is employed to eliminate errors in the optical transmission link while phase-lock feedback is employed to stabilize the frequency to voltage transfer function. 2 figures.

Rankin, R.; Kotter, D.

1994-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

132

Florida Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions (Billion Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1242014 Next Release Date: 12312015 Referring Pages: Dry Natural Gas Reserves Acquisitions Florida Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry Natural Gas Proved...

133

Florida Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2014 Next Release Date: 12312015 Referring Pages: New Field Discoveries of Dry Natural Gas Reserves Florida Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves New...

134

Indiana Natural Gas Withdrawals from Oil Wells (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

312014 Next Release Date: 1302015 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production Natural Gas Gross...

135

Sample References Business Student  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and provide them with the job description/your resume Brand Yourself- the heading should be the same as your resume and cover letter Be Consistent- use the same fonts/sizes as your resume and cover letter Pay/advice-tools/resume-cover-letter/how-to-make-the-best-use-of-references Obtaining References http

136

On the Intrinsic Locality Properties of Web Reference Streams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Intrinsic Locality Properties of Web Reference Streams Rodrigo Fonseca Virg´ilio Almeida in the study of Web reference streams: sequences of requests for Web objects. In particular, many studies have into the nature of reference stream transformations in the Web. I. INTRODUCTION Considerable effort has gone

Keinan, Alon

137

Wilderness Preservation : a Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preservation: A Reference Handbook By Kenneth A. RossenbergPreservation: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO,Preservation: A Reference Handbook is a comprehensive

Zimmer, Peter

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Application Protocol Reference Architecture Application Protocol Reference Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Application Protocol Reference Architecture 165 Chapter 7 Application Protocol Reference Architecture This chapter proposes an alternative reference architecture for application protocols. The proposed reference architecture consists of the set of possible architectures for application protocols

van Sinderen, Marten

139

NEWTON's Botany References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Botany References Botany References Do you have a great botany reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Dave's Garden - Plant Database Dave's Garden - Plant Database Visit Dave's Garden with information and photos for 185,359 different plants! United States Department of Agriculture Plant Database USDA PLANTS Database The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. Search over 40,000 plant images of US plants. Botany.com Botany.com Botany.com offers an encyclopedia of flowers and plants and resources to help people learn how to identify any different kinds of plants. Plant Kingdom This is a good reference for looking at the plant kingdom.

140

NEWTON's General Science References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Science References General Science References Do you have a great general science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: First.gov Science and Technology First.gov Science and Technology This site, sponsered by the US Government provides reference links to topics on science, telecommunications, computers, research agencies, and news. NASA Science NASA Science NASA Science, is a website sponsered by NASA, that supplies resources for understanding our world and the world above. Topics include earth science, heliophysics, the planets, astrophysics and much more. There is also an educator page! Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories See the official site for the Nobel Prize, and read biographies about all of the Nobel Laureates, and there life changing discoveries and accomplishments.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Natural radioactivity measurements and dose calculations to the public: Case of the uranium-bearing region of Poli in Cameroon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this work is to carry out a baseline study of the uranium-bearing region of Poli in which lies the uranium deposit of Kitongo, prior to its impending exploitation. This study required sampling soil, water and foodstuffs representative of the radioactivity exposure and food consumption patterns of the population of Poli. After sampling and radioactivity measurements were taken, our results indicated that the activities of natural series in soil and water samples are low. However, high levels of 210Po and 210Pb in foodstuffs (vegetables) were discovered and elevated activities of 40K were observed in some soil samples. All components of the total dose were assessed and lead to an average value of 5.2 mSv/year, slightly higher than the average worldwide value of 2.4 mSv/year. Most of this dose is attributable to the ingestion dose caused by the high levels of 210Po and 210Pb contained in vegetables, food items which constitute an important part of the diet in Northern Cameroon. Consequently, bringing uranium ore from underground to the surface might lead to an increased dose for the population of Poli through a higher deposition of 222Rn decay products on leafy vegetables.

Saďdou; François O. Bochud; Sébastien Baechler; Kwato Njock Moďse; Ngachin Merlin; Pascal Froidevaux

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

AEO2011: Natural Gas Imports and Exports | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Imports and Exports Imports and Exports Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is Table 135, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into Crude oil, dry natural gas. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA exports imports Natural Gas Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Natural Gas Imports and Exports- Reference Case (xls, 48.8 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

143

References to Astrophysics Papers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

References to Astrophysics Papers References to Astrophysics Papers References to Astrophysics Papers Edward Tufte claims the most common number of references to scientific papers is zero. My five papers in astrophysics published from 1992 to 1996 continue to receive citations. Major ones are listed below. Mineo, S.; Rappaport, S.; Steinhorn, B.; Levine, A.; Gilfanov, M.; Pooley, D., 2013, The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 771, Issue 2, article id. 133, 12 pp. Spatially Resolved Star Formation Image and the Ultraluminous X-Ray Source Population in NGC 2207/IC 2163 Junqueira, T. C.; LĂ©pine, J. R. D.; Braga, C. A. S.; Barros, D. A 2013, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 550, id.A91. A new model for gravitational potential perturbations in disks of spiral galaxies. An application to our Galaxy.

144

NEWTON's References About Mathematics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Math References Math References Do you have a great math reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Steve Marsden's Chemistry Resources Discovery Education's Mathematics Guide Discovery Educators have provided a Mathematics Guide for Educators. Included are numerous links to sites that touch on almost every mathematic topic that you are interested in. The Ultimate Math Portal The Ultimate Math Portal Whether you are confused by multiplication, need extra practice with geometry proofs, find yourself struggling to understand logarithms, or you just want to know more about pi, you are sure to find what you need with this great list of math facts and resources. MathIsFun.com MathIsFun.com Here, math is explained in easy language, for your students to understand. Plus, there are puzzles, games, quizzes, worksheets and a forum for more exploration. This site is designed for K-12 kids, teachers and parents to enjoy.

145

NEWTON's Material Science References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material Science References Material Science References Do you have a great material science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Materials Research Society Materials Research Society The Materials Research Society has assembled many resources in its Materials Science Enthusiasts site. This site has information for the K-12 audience, general public, and materials science professionals. Material Science nanoHUB nanHUB.org is the place for nanotechnology research, education, and collaboration. There are Simulation Programs, Online Presentations, Courses, Learning Modules, Podcasts, Animations, Teaching Materials, and more. (Intened for high school and up) Materials Science Resources on the Web Materials Science Resources on the Web This site gives a good general introduction into material science. Sponsered by Iowa State, it talks about what material science is, ceramics and composites, and other topics.

146

NEWTON's Molecular Biology References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Biology References Molecular Biology References Do you have a great reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: The Vitual Museum of Bacteria The Vitual Museum of Bacteria Visit the virtual museum of bacteria to learn more about bacteria and germs! This site brings together many links on bacteria, bacteriology, and related topics available on the web. It also provides crystal-clear information about many aspects of bacteria. The American Society of Cell Biology Cell Biology Educational Resources This site, sponsered by the American Society of Cell Biology, provides additional web links to everything from, general educational sites, to biology course materials, to teaching tools and more. National Center for Biotechnology Information National Center for Biotechnology Information

147

REFERENCES Baines, W. D.  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

was performed at Sandia National Laboratories, supported by the U. S. Department of Energy under contract number DE-AC04-76DP00789. REFERENCES Baines, W. D. a, Jd Peterson,...

148

Value of Information References  

SciTech Connect

This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

Morency, Christina

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

149

Value of Information References  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

Morency, Christina

150

Precision displacement reference system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A precision displacement reference system is described, which enables real time accountability over the applied displacement feedback system to precision machine tools, positioning mechanisms, motion devices, and related operations. As independent measurements of tool location is taken by a displacement feedback system, a rotating reference disk compares feedback counts with performed motion. These measurements are compared to characterize and analyze real time mechanical and control performance during operation.

Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Dubois, Robert R. (Albuquerque, NM); Strother, Jerry D. (Edgewood, NM)

2000-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

151

A Case Study on a GQM-Based Quality Model for a Domain-Specific Reference Model Catalogue to Support Requirements Analysis within Information Systems Development in the German Energy Market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within this contribution, an approach on a goal-question-metric (GQM) based quality model for a domain-specific reference model catalogue is introduced. First of all, we motivate and present an ontology-based ref...

José M. González; Peter Fettke…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Quality Assurance REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quality Assurance Quality Assurance Qualification Standard DOE-STD-1150-2002 July 2012 Reference Guide The Functional Area Qualification Standard References Guides are developed to assist operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff in the acquisition of technical competence and qualification within the Technical Qualification Program. Please direct your questions or comments related to this document to the Office of Leadership and Career Management, Technical Qualification Program (TQP) Manager, Albuquerque Complex. This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ....................................................................................................................................... ii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iii

153

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Issues in Focus - Natural  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Markets: Comparison of AEO2004 and National Petroleum Council Projections Markets: Comparison of AEO2004 and National Petroleum Council Projections Issues In Focus. Natural Gas Markets: Comparison of AEO2004 and National Petroleum Council Projections The National Petroleum Council (NPC) recently released the first volume of a report describing two possible projections for U.S. natural gas market conditions through 2025 [63]. The NPC’s Reactive Path and Balanced Future scenarios are compared here with the AEO2004 reference case. Unlike the AEO2004 reference case, which assumes the continuation of current laws, policies, regulations, technology trends, and productivity trends through 2025, the two NPC scenarios assume the adoption of new policies, which “move beyond the status quo.” Of the two NPC scenarios, the design of the Reactive Path is closer to that of the AEO2004 reference case than is the design of the Balanced Future scenario.

154

Nonresident Alien Reference Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - Nonresident Alien Reference Guide #12;- 2 - Definition Nonresident Alien (NRA) is defined as any employee who is NOT a United States Citizen or a Permanent Resident (Resident Alien or Green Card status. These are NOT Immigration categories. United States Citizen Permanent Resident Alien Resident

Adali, Tulay

155

(Nonresident Alien) Reference Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - NRA (Nonresident Alien) Reference Guide #12;- 2 - UMBC'S OFFICES ASSISTING THE NONRESIDENT ALIEN (NRA) Office of International Education Administration Building 2nd floor Arlene Wergin Ext: 5 - Definition Nonresident Alien (NRA) is defined as any employee who is NOT a United States Citizen

Adali, Tulay

156

Grant Reference Lead / Sole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rank Overall Score Grant Reference Lead / Sole Grant Grant Holder Research Organisation Project sediment-concentration and velocity data for submarine turbidity currents Standard Grant DEC12 1 9 NE-concentration and velocity data for submarine turbidity currents Standard Grant DEC12 2 8 NE/K015184/1 Y Alistair Pike

157

References: Elmasri/Navathe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2. Disks and the Bu#er Cache 2­1 Part 2: Disks and Caching References: . Elmasri Implementierung. . Mark Gurry , Peter Corrigan: Oracle Performance Tuning, 2nd Edition (with disk). . Oracle 8i.com/] . Wikipedia (RAID systems): [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redundant Array of Independent Disks] . The PC Guide

Brass, Stefan

158

Diesel engine reference book  

SciTech Connect

This book is a reference on the design, operation, and maintenance of all types of diesel engines, ranging from the smallest automotive and ancillary engines to the largest marine diesels. Nearly 900 line drawings, graphs and photos illustrate the book. Major Sections: Theory; Engine Design Practice; Lubrication; Environmental Pollution; Crankcase Explosions; Engine Types; Engine Testing; Maintenance; Index.

Lilly, I.R.C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

MATLAB Reference Sheet If you want to...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MATLAB Reference Sheet Variables If you want to... MATLAB Command Comment Create a variable called a and set it equal to 1 a = 1 Anytime you use a from now on, unless you change its value or clear it, MATLAB knows you mean 1. Note that MATLAB is case sensitive, so the variables a and A are not the same. Find

Crawford, T. Daniel

160

Natural Gas - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5, 2012 | Release Date: December 6, 5, 2012 | Release Date: December 6, 2012 | Next Release: December 13, 2012 Previous Issues Week: 12/22/2013 (View Archive) JUMP TO: In The News | Overview | Prices/Demand/Supply | Storage In the News: EIA Projects Natural Gas Production Will Exceed Consumption by 2020 The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) released the early release version of its 2013 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO2013), which includes projections for U.S. energy markets through 2040 under reference case assumptions. Projections under the reference case include only current laws and policies. The full AEO, which includes side cases, will be available in spring 2013. The AEO2013 projects strong growth in natural gas production, led by continued development of shale resources. Despite growth in natural gas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

AEO2011: Lower 48 Natural Gas Production and Wellhead Prices by Supply  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Natural Gas Production and Wellhead Prices by Supply Natural Gas Production and Wellhead Prices by Supply Region Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 133, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into Production, lower 48 onshore and lower 48 offshore. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Natural Gas Wellhead prices Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Lower 48 Natural Gas Production and Wellhead Prices by Supply Region- Reference Case (xls, 59.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035 License

162

AEO2011: Primary Natural Gas Flows Entering NGTDM Region from Neighboring  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Primary Natural Gas Flows Entering NGTDM Region from Neighboring Primary Natural Gas Flows Entering NGTDM Region from Neighboring Regions Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is Table 138, and contains only the reference case. This dataset is in billion cubic feet per year. The data is broken down into New England, Middle Atlantic, East North Central, West Central, South Atlantic, East South Central, West South Central, Mountain, Pacific, Florida, Arizona/New Mexico, California. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIS Natural Gas Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Primary Natural Gas Flows Entering NGTDM Region from Neighboring Regions- Reference Case (xls, 60 KiB)

163

OSH technical reference manual  

SciTech Connect

In an evaluation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Occupational Safety and Health programs for government-owned contractor-operated (GOCO) activities, the Department of Labor`s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recommended a technical information exchange program. The intent was to share written safety and health programs, plans, training manuals, and materials within the entire DOE community. The OSH Technical Reference (OTR) helps support the secretary`s response to the OSHA finding by providing a one-stop resource and referral for technical information that relates to safe operations and practice. It also serves as a technical information exchange tool to reference DOE-wide materials pertinent to specific safety topics and, with some modification, as a training aid. The OTR bridges the gap between general safety documents and very specific requirements documents. It is tailored to the DOE community and incorporates DOE field experience.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

International Energy Outlook 1999 - Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

natgas.jpg (4355 bytes) natgas.jpg (4355 bytes) Natural gas is the fastest growing primary energy source in the IEO99 forecast. Because it is a cleaner fuel than oil or coal and not as controversial as nuclear power, gas is expected to be the fuel of choice for many countries in the future. Prospects for natural gas demand worldwide remain bright, despite the impact of the Asian economic recession on near-term development. Natural gas consumption in the International Energy Outlook 1999 (IEO99) is somewhat increased from last yearÂ’s outlook, and the fuel remains the fastest growing primary energy source in the forecast period. Worldwide gas use more than doubles in the reference case projection, reaching 174 trillion cubic feet in 2020 from 82 trillion cubic feet in 1996 (Figure

165

Dialog model development of a mobile information and reference robot  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze the range of problems that arise in the development of information and reference robots. A model of intelligent direction of a mobile information system on the basis of multimodal interface, providing natural man-machine interaction, is suggested. ...

V. Budkov; M. Prishchepa; A. Ronzhin

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Headquarters Security Quick Reference Book  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This quick reference book provides an overview of Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters (HQ) security programs.

167

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Demand and Supply Natural Gas Demand and Supply Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Natural Gas Demand and Supply Figure 82. Natural gas consumption by sector, 1990-2025 (trillion cubic feet). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Figure 83. Natural gas production by source, 1990-2025 (trillion cubic feet). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Projected Increases in Natural Gas Use Are Led by Electricity Generators In the AEO2005 reference case, total natural gas consumption increases from 22.0 trillion cubic feet in 2003 to 30.7 trillion cubic feet in 2025. In the electric power sector, natural gas consumption increases from 5.0 trillion cubic feet in 2003 to 9.4 trillion cubic feet in 2025 (Figure 82),

168

International Energy Outlook 2000 - Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural gas is the fastest growing primary energy source in the IEO2000 forecast. The use of natural gas is projected to more than double between 1997 and 2020, providing a relatively clean fuel for efficient new gas turbine power plants. Natural gas is the fastest growing primary energy source in the IEO2000 forecast. The use of natural gas is projected to more than double between 1997 and 2020, providing a relatively clean fuel for efficient new gas turbine power plants. World natural gas consumption continues to grow, increasing its market share of total primary energy consumption. In the International Energy Outlook 2000 (IEO2000), natural gas remains the fastest growing component of world energy consumption. Over the IEO2000 forecast period from 1997 to 2020, gas use is projected to more than double in the reference case, reaching 167 trillion cubic feet in 2020 from the 1997 level of 82 trillion cubic feet (Figure 46). Over the 1997-2020 period, the role of natural gas in energy use is projected to increase in all regions except the Middle

169

Reference Handbook: Pressure detectors  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this handbook is to provide Rocky Flats personnel with the information necessary to understand pressure detection. Upon completion of this handbook you should be able to do the following: Define pressure in terms of force and area. Describe the basic operating principles of the U-Tube Manometer. Demonstrate proper techniques for reading Manometers. Describe the basic operating principles of the three types of Bourdon Tubes. Explain the difference between diaphragm. and bellows-type pressure measurement devices. This handbook is designed for use by experienced Rocky Flats operators to reinforce and improve their current knowledge level, and by entry-level operators to ensure that they possess a minimum level of fundamental knowledge. Pressure Detectors is applicable to many job classifications and can be used as a reference for classroom work or for self-study. Although this reference handbook is by no means all-encompassing, you will gain enough information about this subject area to assist you in contributing to the safe operations of Rocky Flats Plant.

Not Available

1990-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

170

Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

data. Release Date: 12312014 Next Release Date: 1302015 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and...

171

South Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

data. Release Date: 12312014 Next Release Date: 1302015 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells South Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and...

172

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

company data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Marysville, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

173

German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

map References: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety1 German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and...

174

References 170 RREEFFEERREENNCCEESS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Comparison Between Dynamics and Control Performance of Mesophilic and Thermophilic Anaerobic Sludge Digesters Controller for Distillation Columns in the Presence of Strong Directionality and Model Errors, Industrial Reactor Case Study, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 29: 1218-1226 Coughauowr, D.R., 1991

Skogestad, Sigurd

175

Energy and American Society : a Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American Society: A Reference Handbook By E. Willard MillerSOCIETY: A REFERENCE HANDBOOK (Contemporary World IssuesSOCIETY: A REFERENCE HANDBOOK is an important reference work

Li, Haipeng

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Technical Reference OVERVIEW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Parking and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Page 1 Parking and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Page 1 Parking and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Technical Reference OVERVIEW The ENERGY STAR score provides a fair assessment of the energy performance of a property relative to its peers, taking into account the climate, weather, and business activities at the property. Parking areas are not eligible to earn the ENERGY STAR score. However, because parking is a common amenity at other commercial building types (i.e., office and hotels), the ENERGY STAR score does make adjustments to accommodate for the presence of parking.

177

Nuclear Science References Database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Nuclear Science References (NSR) database together with its associated Web interface, is the world's only comprehensive source of easily accessible low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics bibliographic information for more than 210,000 articles since the beginning of nuclear science. The weekly-updated NSR database provides essential support for nuclear data evaluation, compilation and research activities. The principles of the database and Web application development and maintenance are described. Examples of nuclear structure, reaction and decay applications are specifically included. The complete NSR database is freely available at the websites of the National Nuclear Data Center http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nsr and the International Atomic Energy Agency http://www-nds.iaea.org/nsr.

B. Pritychenko; E. B?ták; B. Singh; J. Totans

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

178

Tank characterization reference guide  

SciTech Connect

Characterization of the Hanford Site high-level waste storage tanks supports safety issue resolution; operations and maintenance requirements; and retrieval, pretreatment, vitrification, and disposal technology development. Technical, historical, and programmatic information about the waste tanks is often scattered among many sources, if it is documented at all. This Tank Characterization Reference Guide, therefore, serves as a common location for much of the generic tank information that is otherwise contained in many documents. The report is intended to be an introduction to the issues and history surrounding the generation, storage, and management of the liquid process wastes, and a presentation of the sampling, analysis, and modeling activities that support the current waste characterization. This report should provide a basis upon which those unfamiliar with the Hanford Site tank farms can start their research.

De Lorenzo, D.S.; DiCenso, A.T.; Hiller, D.B.; Johnson, K.W.; Rutherford, J.H.; Smith, D.J. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Kennewick, WA (United States); Simpson, B.C. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Long life reference electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An external, reference electrode is provided for long term use with a high temperature, high pressure system. The electrode is arranged in a vertical, electrically insulative tube with an upper portion serving as an electrolyte reservoir and a lower portion in electrolytic communication with the system to be monitored. The lower end portion includes a flow restriction such as a porous plug to limit the electrolyte release into the system. A piston equalized to the system pressure is fitted into the upper portion of the tube to impart a small incremental pressure to the electrolyte. The piston is selected of suitable size and weight to cause only a slight flow of electrolyte through the porous plug into the high pressure system. This prevents contamination of the electrolyte but is of such small flow rate that operating intervals of a month or more can be achieved. 2 figs.

Yonco, R.M.; Nagy, Z.

1987-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

180

Natural Gas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gas Gas Jump to: navigation, search Click to return to AEO2011 page AEO2011 Data From AEO2011 report Full figure data for Figure 86. Reference Case Tables Table 1. Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary Table 13. Natural Gas Supply, Disposition, and Prices Table 14. Oil and Gas Supply Table 21. Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - New England Table 22. Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source- Middle Atlantic Table 23. Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - East North Central Table 24. Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - West North Central Table 25. Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - South Atlantic Table 26. Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - East South Central Table 27. Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - West South

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Category:Geothermal References | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Geothermal References Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Reference Pages in category "Geothermal References" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 323 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth 2007 Annual Report A A Case History of Injection Through 1991 at Dixie Valley, Nevada A Coordinated Exploration Program for Geothermal Sources on the Island of Hawaii A geochemical model of the Kilauea east rift zone A model for the shallow thermal regime at Dixie Valley geothermal field

182

ENRAF gauge reference level calculations  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the method for calculating reference levels for Enraf Series 854 Level Detectors as installed in the tank farms. The reference level calculation for each installed level gauge is contained herein.

Huber, J.H., Fluor Daniel Hanford

1997-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

183

Montana Natural Resources Conservation Service Webpage | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Service Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Montana Natural Resources Conservation Service Webpage Abstract USDA's webpage...

184

Program Self-Reference in Constructive Scott Subdomains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Program Self-Reference in Constructive Scott Subdomains John Case and Samuel E. Moelius III( e, · )]. (1) (b) (Rogers [Rog67, Theorem 11-I]) fprt holds in ( computable t : N N)(e)[e = t(e of program self-reference in PC. A generalization of krt to arbitrary constructive Scott subdomains

Taufer, Michela

185

LAI References and Summaries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cart Sign In/Register Quick Data Search Help icon Go NASA Meatball Cart Sign In/Register Quick Data Search Help icon Go NASA Meatball No JAVASCRIPT Capabilities. This site will not function without JavaScript. Please use the Web Product Tree. or anonymous FTP at ftp://daac.ornl.gov/data. Global Leaf Area Index Data from Field Measurements, 1932-2000 References and summaries for literature on leaf area index (reviews, methodology, etc.) Barclay, H. J. (1998) Conversion of total leaf area to projcted leaf area in lodgepole pine and Douglas-fir. Tree PHysiology 18, 185-193. Summary It is noted that three distinct definitions of leaf area index (LAI) in the literature have no predictable relationship with each other. Conversion factors were derived, from total LAI to projected LAI of horizontal leaves and to projected LAI for inclined leaves of lodgepole pine and coastal Douglas-fir, enabling comparison of results from different studies. An algorithm was derived to allow determination of these factors based on twig angles and the angles that the foliage subtends with the twig. The conversion factor was more sensitive to differences in vertical angles of the twigs than to twig rotation or foliar arrangement on the twig.

186

Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide  

SciTech Connect

The Buildings Technologies Office (BTO), within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), is initiating a new program in Sensor and Controls. The vision of this program is: • Buildings operating automatically and continuously at peak energy efficiency over their lifetimes and interoperating effectively with the electric power grid. • Buildings that are self-configuring, self-commissioning, self-learning, self-diagnosing, self-healing, and self-transacting to enable continuous peak performance. • Lower overall building operating costs and higher asset valuation. The overarching goal is to capture 30% energy savings by enhanced management of energy consuming assets and systems through development of cost-effective sensors and controls. One step in achieving this vision is the publication of this Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide. The purpose of the guide is to inform building owners and operators of the current status, capabilities, and limitations of sensor technologies. It is hoped that this guide will aid in the design and procurement process and result in successful implementation of building sensor and control systems. DOE will also use this guide to identify research priorities, develop future specifications for potential market adoption, and provide market clarity through unbiased information

Cree, Johnathan V.; Dansu, A.; Fuhr, P.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; McIntyre, T.; Muehleisen, Ralph T.; Starke, M.; Banerjee, Pranab; Kuruganti, T.; Castello, C.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

On the Challenge of Creating and Communicating Air Quality Information: A Case for Environmental Engineers*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, development of air pollutant concentration assessment and interpretation techniques, which must be tailored, with a possible refer- ence to general background information on the nature of the individual air pollutantOn the Challenge of Creating and Communicating Air Quality Information: A Case for Environmental

Möbius, Bernd

188

Capillary reference half-cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a reference half-cell electrode wherein intermingling of test fluid with reference fluid does not affect the performance of the reference half-cell over a long time. This intermingling reference half-cell may be used as a single or double junction submersible or surface reference electrode. The intermingling reference half-cell relies on a capillary tube having a first end open to reference fluid and a second end open to test fluid wherein the small diameter of the capillary tube limits free motion of fluid within the capillary to diffusion. The electrode is placed near the first end of the capillary in contact with the reference fluid. The method of operation of the present invention begins with filling the capillary tube with a reference solution. After closing the first end of the capillary, the capillary tube may be fully submerged or partially submerged with the second open end inserted into test fluid. Since the electrode is placed near the first end of the capillary, and since the test fluid may intermingle with the reference fluid through the second open end only by diffusion, this intermingling capillary reference half-cell provides a stable voltage potential for long time periods. 11 figs.

Hall, S.H.

1996-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

189

reference | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

98 98 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142235098 Varnish cache server reference Home Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 7 August, 2013 - 18:23 New Robust References! citation citing developer formatting reference Semantic Mediawiki wiki Check out the new Reference Form. Adding a reference object to OpenEI using this form is the most complete way to cite a reference. After providing the name of your reference, the form will ask for your document

190

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

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Characterizing groundwater contamination by petroleum operations Characterizing groundwater contamination by petroleum operations Characterizing Groundwater Contamination by Petroleum Operations Authors: Jonathan Fisher, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK. Venue: Oklahoma Clean Lakes and Watersheds AssociationÂ’s 16th Annual Conference in Tahlequah, OK, April 11-13, 2007 (http://www.oclwa.org/ [external site]). Abstract: Produced water, which often has elevated levels of dissolved salts and soluble hydrocarbons, is a byproduct of petroleum production. This study investigated the extent and potential for effects of produced water contamination from occasional surface seepage and possible subsurface flow into an unconfined aquifer along the shore of Skiatook Lake in northeastern Oklahoma. We monitored the chemistry and toxicity of the produced-water source and selected groundwater wells. Produced-water toxicity monitoring employed three cladoceran species (Daphnia pulex, D. magna, and Ceriodaphnia dubia) and one fish, the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas), while groundwater monitoring used only D. pulex. The chemical constituents of the produced water and receiving groundwater varied little over time. Both the produced water and groundwater were toxic to the test organisms. Cladoceran produced water 48-h median lethal concentrations (LC50) ranged between 1% and 5%. Fathead minnow LC50s were between 7% and 11% for acute (48-h) survival endpoints and median effects concentrations of 2% to 6% for growth effects. D. pulex bioassays on groundwater samples resulted in 48-h LC50s ranging from 3.9% near a produced-water injection well to greater than 100% elsewhere at the impact site. We also used geographic information systems to explore gradients in chemical composition and predicted effects on test organisms by contaminated groundwater.

191

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

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Devonian and Mississippian Mudrock systems in Texas: Contrasts and Commonalities Devonian and Mississippian Mudrock systems in Texas: Contrasts and Commonalities Devonian and Mississippian Mudrock systems in Texas: Contrasts and Commonalities Authors: Ruppel, Stephen C. and Robert G. Loucks, Bureau of Economic Geology, Jackson School of GeoSciences, University of Texas at Austin Venue: West Texas Geological Society Symposium, in Midland, Texas September 10-12, 2008. http://www.wtgs.org [external site] Abstract: The Devonian Woodford and Mississippian Barnett formations document a long (approximately 70-80 million year) period of clay-rich sedimentation along the southern margin of the Laurentian paleocraton during the middle Paleozoic. As might be expected, these rocks display many general similarities, for example in thickness, mineralogy, organic carbon content, thermal maturity, organic matter type, etc. Both also display conspicuous and systematic changes in composition from more proximal to more distal areas. However, our studies of more than 75 cores across the Permian and Ft. Worth Basins demonstrate that dissimilarities between the two systems are perhaps even more common than similarities. Many of the differences can be related to paleogeography, basin hydrography, and global sea level.

192

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

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Fine-Scale Control of Microbial Communities in Deep Marine Sediments Fine-Scale Control of Microbial Communities in Deep Marine Sediments Fine-Scale Control of Microbial Communities in Deep Marine Sediments that Contain Hydrates and High Concentrations of Methane Authors: Colwell, F. (speaker, Oregon State University), Hangsterfer, A., Brodie, E., Daly, R., Holland, M., Briggs, B., Carini, P., Torres, M., Kastner, M., Long, P., Schaef, H., Delwiche, M., Winters, W., and Riedel, M. Venue: American Geophysical Union’s fall meeting in San Francisco, CA, December 10–14, 2007 (http://www.agu.org/meetings/fm07/ [external site]). Abstract: Deep subseafloor sediments with high concentrations of organic carbon and microbially generated methane contain microbial communities that play an important role in the biogeochemical cycling of carbon. However, there remains a limited understanding of the fine (centimeter)-scale sediment properties (e.g., grain size, presence/absence of hydrates) that determine key microbial attributes in deep marine sediments. This project’s objective is to determine the quantity, diversity, and distribution of microbial communities in the context of abiotic properties in gas-rich marine sediments. DNA was extracted from deep marine sediments cored from various continental shelf locations, including offshore India and the Cascadia Margin. Abiotic characterization of the same sediments included grain size analysis, chloride concentrations in sediment pore waters, and presence of hydrates in the sediments as determined by thermal anomalies. As in past studies of such systems, most of the samples yielded low levels of DNA (0.3-1.5 ng/g of sediment). Bacterial DNA appeared to be more easily amplified than archaeal DNA. Initial attempts to amplify DNA using primers specific for the methanogen functional gene, methyl-CoM-reductase, were unsuccessful. Infrequently, cores from relatively shallow sediments (e.g., 0.5 mbsf Leg 204, 1251B-1H) from central (Hydrate Ridge) and northern (offshore Vancouver Island) Cascadia and from India’s eastern margin contained macroscopically visible, pigmented biofilms. One of these biofilms was composed of high concentrations of cell clusters when viewed microscopically. The predominant cells in the Hydrate Ridge biofilm were large (ca. 10 um) cocci, and preliminary characterization of the 16S rDNA amplified and sequenced from this biofilm suggests the prevalence of a microbe with 97% similarity to mycobacteria. These discrete biofilm communities appear to be distinctive relative to the normally sparse distribution of cells in the sediments. By determining how the abiotic properties of deep marine sediments control the numbers and distribution of microbial communities that process organic matter, project researchers hope to provide better parameters for computational models that describe carbon cycling in these systems.

193

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Coalbed Methane  

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Coalbed Methane Production and Reclamation Field Tour Coalbed Methane Production and Reclamation Field Tour Coalbed Methane Production and Reclamation Field Tour Author: John Wheaton, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, MT. Venue: The tour will be conducted starting in Gillette, WY, and extend along the northern Powder River Basin, on June 3, 2007, under the auspices of the American Society for Mining and Reclamation (http://ces.ca.uky.edu/asmr/ [external site]). Abstract: This field tour will emphasize successful reclamation in an alternative type of coal industry in the Powder River Basin: coalbed methane. The tour will leave Gillette, WY, at 7:30 a.m., Sunday, June 3, 2007, and travel to Sheridan, WY, and back, touring coalbed methane production areas. Stops will include active drilling and producing areas to learn about the footprint and approach to development of coalbed methane. Reclamation includes drilling pads and linear trenching for water and gas pipelines. Produced-water management is a major expense and concern. Among the water management options we plan to see are stock-watering facilities, infiltration ponds, irrigation sites, and water treatment facilities. A landowner will join us and be able to answer questions from the ranching perspective for part of the tour. Lunches are included in the price of the tour.

194

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

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Capillarity-controlled displacements in sediments with moveable grains Capillarity-controlled displacements in sediments with moveable grains Capillarity-controlled displacements in sediments with moveable grains: Implications for growth of methane hydrates Authors: Maša Prodanovic (speaker), Steven L. Bryant Venue: SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, 21-24 September, 2008. http://www.spe.org [external site]. Abstract: We consider immiscible displacements when fluid/fluid interfaces are controlled by capillary forces. The progressive quasistatic (PQS) algorithm based on the level set method readily determines the geometry of these interfaces at the pore level. Capillary pressure generally exerts a net force on grains supporting an interface. We extend PQS to implement a kinematic model of grain displacement in response to that force. We examine the changes in the drainage curve caused by this coupling. We compute the interfacial area associated with the bulk water phase, anticipating preferential growth of methane hydrate there. Gas invasion of sediments is one mechanism by which methane hydrates are believed to form. In unconsolidated ocean sediments the capillary pressure exerted by an accumulated gas phase below the hydrate stability zone can be large enough to move grains apart. This motion alters the pore throat sizes which control subsequent drainage of the sediment. A model for the dynamics of this process is useful for assessing the competition between drainage (controlled by capillary forces) and fracturing (controlled by pore pressure and earth stresses). This in turn provides insight into the possible growth habits within the hydrate stability zone. When grains can move in response to net force exerted by the gas phase, small variations in an otherwise uniform distribution of pore throat sizes quickly lead to self-reinforcing, focused channels of gas phase. In contrast to behavior in stationary grains, the drainage curve exhibits no clear percolation threshold. Displacements in materials with broad throat size distributions also exhibit self-reinforcing channels. Behind the leading edge of the displacement front, the net force exerted on the grains tends to push them together. This effectively seals off these regions from subsequent invasion. Thus hydrate growth tends to be localized along the channel of displaced grains. This is the first quantitative grain-scale study of the drainage behavior when grains can move in response to invasion events. The coupling leads to qualitatively different displacement patterns. The method presented for studying this behavior is applicable to any granular material and to other applications, such as sand production.

195

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

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Multivariate Modeling of 3D9C Data for Constructing a Static Reservoir Model of Algal Mounds in the Paradox Basin, CO Multivariate Modeling of 3D9C Data for Constructing a Static Reservoir Model of Algal Mounds in the Paradox Basin, CO Multivariate Modeling of 3D9C Data for Constructing a Static Reservoir Model of Algal Mounds in the Paradox Basin, CO Authors: Paul La Pointe, FracMan Technology Group, Golder Associates Inc., Redmond, WA; Robert D. Benson, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO; and Claudia Rebne, Legacy Energy, Denver, CO. Venue: American Association of Petroleum Geologists/Rocky Mountain Section Annual Meeting in Snowbird, UT, October 7-9, 2007. Abstract: A 3D9C survey was carried out over a 6 square mile portion of the Roadrunner and Towaoc fields on the Ute Mountain Ute reservation in southwestern Colorado. This survey was jointly funded by DOE and the Southern Ute tribeÂ’s Red Willow Corporation to promote development of Ismay algal mound plays in the Paradox Basin within Ute Mountain Tribal lands and elsewhere in the Paradox Basin. Multicomponent data were utilized to better delineate the external mound geometry as well as to estimate internal mound reservoir parameters such as matrix permeability, saturation, and porosity. Simple cross-plotting of various multicomponent attributes against reservoir properties did not provide the desired predictive accuracy, in part due to sub-optimal frequency content in components derived from the shear wave data. However, a multivariate statistical analysis greatly improved the predictive accuracy. These multivariate regressions were then used to prescribe reservoir properties for a static reservoir model, which in turn formed the basis for a dynamic reservoir simulation model of the project area to assess the usefulness of the multivariate relations developed. This poster presentation will illustrate the workflow used to carry out the multivariate modeling, key maps of the reservoir properties that were derived, the static model, and results from the dynamic simulation used to assess the usefulness of the approach. Results from wells drilled based on the seismic data also will be presented.

196

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Simulation of the system behavior of hydrate-bearing geologic media involves solving fully coupled mass and heat balance equations. The models need to simulate equilibrium or kinetic processes of hydrate formation and dissociation. TOUGH+HYDRATE is a widely used code for gas hydrate simulations. The code can model non-isothermal gas release, phase changes and flow of fluids and heat. It accounts for up to four mass components and four possible phases. Because hydrate simulations require intensive computational effort, many studies that involve serial processors are limited by problems of complexity and scale. With the growing availability of multi-core CPUs, Linux clusters, and super-computers, the use of parallel processing methods is a distinct advantage. This study develops a domain decomposition approach for large-scale gas hydrate simulations using parallel computation. The approach partitions the simulation domain into small sub-domains. The full simulation domain is simulated integrally by using multiple processes. Each process will be in charge of one portion of the simulation domain for updating thermophysical properties, assembling mass and energy balance equations, solving linear equation systems, and performing other local computations. The linear equation systems are solved in parallel by multiple processes with a parallel linear solver. The multiple processes are run in parallel on shared- or distributed memory multiple-CPU computers. A hybrid approach, running multiple processes in each CPU and using multiple CPUs, may achieve additional speedup. During calculations, communication between processes is needed to update sub-domain boundary parameters. An efficient inter-process communication scheme has been developed. The new approach was implemented into the TOUGH+HYDRATE code and demonstrates excellent speedup and very good scalability. For many large-scale problems, this method can obtain linear or super-linear speedup. This paper will show applications of the new approach to simulate three dimensional field-scale models for gas production from gas-hydrate

197

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

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Updated Results from Deep Trek High-Temperature Electronics Development Programs Updated Results from Deep Trek High-Temperature Electronics Development Programs Updated Results from Deep Trek High-Temperature Electronics Development Programs Author: Bruce W. Ohme, Honeywell Inc., Plymouth, MN. Venue: HITEN 2007 (High-Temperature Electronics Network conference), St. Catherine’s College, Oxford, U.K., September 17–19, 2007, (http://science24.com/event/hiten2007 [external site]). Abstract: Electronics are used in modern oil and gas exploration to collect, log, and/or process data such as heading and inclination, weight on the bit, vibration, seismic/acoustic response, temperature, pressure, radiation, and resistivity of the strata. High-temperature electronics are needed that can operate reliably in deep-well conditions (up to 250oC). Under its Deep Trek program, the U.S. Department of Energy has funded two projects led by Honeywell. The first project, launched in 2003 and being completed this year, established a production-level integrated circuit manufacturing process, components, and design tools specifically targeting high-temperature environments (up to 250oC). The second project, launched in 2006 and expected to be completed in 2008, will develop rugged packaging suitable for downhole shock and vibration levels that will be used to house and demonstrate components developed in the earlier project. This paper will describe updated results from both of these projects, including previously unreported results obtained from prototype testing of a high-resolution analog-to-digital converter (ADC); a high-temperature, single-poly, floating-gate EEPROM (electrically erasable programmable read-only memory); and a 12-bit, successive-approximation ADC. Also, a multi-chip module being developed as a complete downhole processing unit will be discussed

198

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Estimating Fracture Reorientation Due to Fluid Injection/Production Estimating Fracture Reorientation Due to Fluid Injection/Production Estimating Fracture Reorientation Due to Fluid Injection/Production Authors: Zongyu Zhai and Mukul M. Sharma, University of Texas at Austin. Venue: Society of Petroleum Engineers’ Production and Operations Symposium, Oklahoma City, OK, April 1–3, 2007 (http://www.spe.org/ [external site]). Abstract: The injection or production of large volumes of fluid into or from a reservoir can result in significant changes to the effective in-situ stress distributions. Field evidence of this has been provided in the past by mapping refracturing treatments in tight gas sands and microseismic monitoring of injection wells in waterflooded reservoirs. A poro-elastic model is presented to show how the extent of fracture reorientation can be estimated under different conditions of fluid injection and production. The extent of fracture reorientation is a function of the in-situ stresses, the mechanical properties of the rock, and the pore pressure gradients. In reservoirs where the pore pressure gradients are complicated due to multiple injection and production wells, fracture reorientation is sensitive to the net pore-pressure gradients. Fractures tend to reorient themselves towards the injection wells and away from production wells, if the pressure gradients are comparable to the in-situ stress contrast. While far-field principal stress orientations are impacted only by in-situ stresses and pore-pressure gradients, near-wellbore in-situ stress orientation is also impacted by the hoop stress and the wellbore pressure. These can have a significant effect on near-wellbore fracture reorientation. The results of our model are compared with field observations obtained from microseismic monitoring of water injection wells. The implications of the results to refracturing operations and candidate well selection are discussed.

199

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Fluid Flow through Heterogeneous Methane-Hydrate Bearing Sand Fluid Flow through Heterogeneous Methane-Hydrate Bearing Sand Fluid Flow through Heterogeneous Methane-Hydrate Bearing Sand: Observations Using X-Ray CT Scanning Authors: Yongkoo Seol and Timothy J. Kneafsey Venue: 6th International Conference on Gas Hydrates (ICGH 2008), Vancouver, British Columbia, CANADA, July 6-10, 2008. http://www.icgh.org/ [external site] Abstract: The effects of porous medium heterogeneity on methane hydrate formation, water flow through the heterogeneous hydrate-bearing sand, and hydrate dissociation were observed in an experiment using a heterogeneous sand column with prescribed heterogeneities. X-ray computed tomography (CT) was used to monitor saturation changes in water, gas, and hydrate during hydrate formation, water flow, and hydrate dissociation. The sand column was packed in several segments having vertical and horizontal layers with two distinct grain-size sands. The CT images showed that as hydrate formed, the water and hydrate saturations were dynamically redistributed by variations in capillary strength of the medium (the tendency for a material to imbibe water), which changed with the presence and saturation of hydrate. Water preferentially flowed through fine sand near higher hydrate-saturation regions where the capillary strength was elevated relative to the lower hydrate saturation regions. Hydrate dissociation initiated by depressurization varied with different grain sizes and hydrate saturations.

200

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Increasing the Viscosity of CO2 to Improve EOR Performance Increasing the Viscosity of CO2 to Improve EOR Performance Increasing the Viscosity of CO2 to Improve EOR Performance Authors: D. Xing, NETL; R. Erick, NETL and University of Pittsburgh Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering; K. Trickett, J. Eastoe, M. Hollamby, and K.Mutch, Bristol University School of Chemistry; S. Rogers and R. Heenan, ISIS STFC, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, UK; and D. Steytler, University of East Anglia School of Chemical Sciences, Norwich, UK. Venue: May 20, 2009, ISASF-ENSIC 9th International Symposium on Supercritical Fluids, Bordeaux, France, May 18-20, 2009. http://www.issf2009.cnrs.fr/ [external site] Abstract: About 1.5 billion standard cubic feet of CO2 is injected into US oil fields each day, resulting in the recovery of about 200,000 barrels per day of oil, but the low viscosity of CO2 results in viscous fingering and poor volumetric sweep efficiency. If the viscosity of dense CO2 could be increased by a factor of 2-20, much less CO2 would be required to recover the oil. Further, there would be no need for the injection of alternating slugs of water into the reservoir to reduce the relative permeability of the CO2. Researchers have identified two polymeric thickeners for CO2: a fluoroacrylate-styrene copolymer and a vinyl acetate-styrene copolymer. They have also hypothesized that it is possible to increase the viscosity (thicken) dense, high-pressure CO2 via the self-assembly of CO2-soluble surfactants into rod-like micelles. Three semi-fluorinated surfactants have been synthesized in order to test this concept; one with a monovalent cation and a single twin-tail, Na+1((COOCH2C4F8H)2CH2CHSO3)-1, and two with a divalent cation and two twin-tails, Ni+2(((COOCH2C4F8H)2CH2CHSO3)-1)2 and Co+2(((COOCH2C4F8H)2CH2CHSO3)-1)2. Phase behavior results indicate that all three surfactants are soluble to at least 5 wt% in CO2 at 295K and pressures less than 20 MPa. SANS results indicate that only the surfactants with divalent metal ions and two twin tails form cylindrical micelles in CO2. No viscosity enhancement was detected for the surfactant with the monovalent cation. Falling cylinder viscometry results will illustrate the degree of “CO2 thickening” that was achieved by the formation of rod-like micelles at relatively high shear rates. The mobility of the surfactant solution flowing through Berea sandstone was also provided to determine the effectiveness of the thickener at extremely low shear rates characteristic of enhanced oil recovery projects. The performance of the copolymeric and surfactant thickeners will be compared. The strategy for the development of CO2-soluble non-fluorous surfactants capable of forming rod-like micelles will also be presented.

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201

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mechanisms by Which Methane Gas and Methane Hydrate Coexist In Ocean Sediments Mechanisms by Which Methane Gas and Methane Hydrate Coexist In Ocean Sediments Mechanisms by Which Methane Gas and Methane Hydrate Coexist In Ocean Sediments Authors: Maša Prodanovic (speaker), Javad Behseresht, Yao Peng, Steven L. Bryant, Antone K. Jain and Ruben Juanes Venue: 2008 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, May 5-8, 2008 ( http://www.spe.org and http://www.smenet.org [external sites] ) Abstract: A spectrum of behavior is encountered in methane hydrate provinces, especially ocean sediments, ranging from essentially static accumulations where the pore space is filled with hydrate and brine, to active seeps where hydrate and methane gas phase co-exist in the hydrate stability zone (HSZ). The grain-scale models of drainage and fracturing presented demonstrate key processes involved in pressure-driven gas phase invasion of a sediment. A novel extension of invasion percolation to infinite-acting, physically representative networks is used to evaluate the connectivity of water in a gas-drained sediment. A novel implementation of the level set method (LSM) is used to determine the capillarity-controlled displacement of brine by gas from sediment and from fractures within the sediment. The discrete element method (DEM) is extended to model the coupling between the pore fluids and the solid, and thereby predict the onset of sediment fracturing by gas phase pressure under in situ loading conditions. The DEM grain mechanics model accounts for the different pressure of brine and methane gas in a “membrane” two-fluid model. The fluid-fluid configuration from LSM can be mapped directly to the pore space in DEM, thereby coupling the drainage and mechanics models. The type of behavior that can emerge from the coupled processes is illustrated with an extended LSM model. The extension computes grain displacement by the gas phase with a simple kinematic rule.

202

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

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Geologic Framework of the 2005 Keathley Canyon Geologic Framework of the 2005 Keathley Canyon Gas Hydrate Research Well, Northern Gulf of Mexico Authors: D.R. Hutchinson, P.E. Hart, T.S. Collett, K.M. Edwards, and D.C. Twichell, U.S. Geological Survey, and F. Snyder, WesternGeco-Schlumberger. Venue: American Geophysical UnionÂ’s 2007 Joint Assembly, Acapulco, Mexico, May 22-25, 2007 (http://www.agu.org/meetings/ja07/ [external site]). Abstract: The project was located in the Casey Basin in the northern Gulf of Mexico at 1,335 m water depth. A grid of 2-D high-resolution multichannel seismic lines around the drill sites, targeted for imaging depths down to at least 1,000 m subbottom, reveals multiple disconformities that bound seven mappable seismic stratigraphic units. A major disconformity in the middle of the units stands out for its angular baselapping geometry. From the seismic and drilling data, three episodes of sedimentary deposition and deformation are inferred. The oldest episode consists of fine-grained muds deposited during a period of relative stability in the basin (Units E, F, and G). A second episode (Units C and D) consists of large vertical displacements associated with infilling and ponding of sediment. This second interval corresponds with intercalated fine and coarse-grained material in the drill hole, which sampled the thin edges of much thicker units. The final episode (Units A and B) occurred during much-subdued vertical displacement. Hemipelagic drape (Unit A) characterizes the modern seafloor deposits. The basin is mostly filled. Its sill is part of a subsiding graben that is only 10-20 m shallower than the deepest point in the basin, indicating that gravity-driven transport would mostly bypass the basin. Contemporary faulting along the basin margins has selectively reactivated an older group of faults. The intercalated sand and mud deposits of Units C and D are tentatively correlated with late Pleistocene deposition derived from the western shelf-edge delta/depocenter of the Mississippi River, which was probably most active from 320 ka to 70 ka (Winker and Booth, 2000). Gas hydrate occurs within near-vertical fractures in Units E and F of the oldest episode. The presence of sand within the gas hydrate stability zone is not sufficient to concentrate gas hydrate, even though dispersed gas hydrate occurs deeper in the fractured mud/clay-rich sections of Units E and F.

203

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

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Presentation on Considerations for Evaluating Coalbed Methane Infiltration Pond Sites Presentation on Considerations for Evaluating Coalbed Methane Infiltration Pond Sites Considerations for Evaluating Coalbed Methane Infiltration Pond Sites Based on Site Studies in the Powder River Basin of Montana and Wyoming Author: John Wheaton, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, MT. Venue: American Society for Mining and ReclamationÂ’s 24th annual meeting in Gillette, WY, June 2-7, 2007 (http://ces.ca.uky.edu/asmr/ [external site]). Abstract: Significant volumes of ground water are produced in association with coalbed methane (CBM) production in the Powder River Basin in Montana and Wyoming. This water must be managed in a manner that is both economical and sensitive to the semi-arid agricultural area of southeastern Montana and northeastern Wyoming. Infiltration ponds are one of the primary methods of handling produced water and have been in use in Montana and Wyoming for several years. A solid conceptual framework allows for the selection of infiltration pond sites that maximize impoundment life and minimize impacts. The ponds have several advantages in that they require a low initial investment and can help recharge the shallow ground-water system, which makes the produced water available for future uses. However, as the infiltrated water moves through the shallow weathered bedrock, a series of chemical reactions typically take place (primarily dissolution and oxidation), which temporarily increase the TDS due primarily to increases in Mg, Na, and SO4. As the available salts are removed along the ground-water flow path, the concentrations of dissolved constituents tend to decrease. Preliminary interpretations of data suggest that saturated paste extract analyses and lithologic investigations may be used to predict the types of changes in water quality that can occur. The fate and transport of the dissolved salts is controlled to a great extent by the rate of infiltration and the duration of saturated flow from the ponds. The rate of infiltration can be severely reduced as the clays in the pond floor and underlying material are exposed to the high-SAR produced water, which causes dispersion and reduced vertical hydraulic conductivity. Order of magnitude decreases in vertical hydraulic conductivity have been observed, which represents a trade-off. The changes will effectively decrease the volume of water that can be managed via an individual pond. However, the mobilized salts may be effectively sequestered by reduced ground-water flow, substantially reducing the temporal and geographic extent of impacts.

204

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Detailed Imaging of Facies and Fluid Distribution Within Carbonate Oil Reservoirs Detailed Imaging of Facies and Fluid Distribution Within Carbonate Oil Reservoirs Crosswell Seismic Amplitude-Versus-Offset for Detailed Imaging of Facies and Fluid Distribution Within Carbonate Oil Reservoirs Authors: Sean P. Trisch, Wayne D. Pennington, and Roger Turpening, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI. Venue: Seismological Society of America’s annual meeting in Waikaloa, Kona, HI., April 11–13, 2007 Abstract: Imaging of the Earth’s crust is increasingly being accomplished through the use of borehole-based sensors. Experience gained in recent crosswell seismic surveys may assist endeavors to image the near-borehole environment near plate boundaries or other places of scientific interest. A high-resolution crosswell seismic data set was collected over a Silurian (Niagaran) reef in Michigan’s Lower Peninsula. The survey was optimized for both reflection imaging purposes and the gathering of a wide range of incidence angles. The reflection image was intended to aid in interpretation of the reef structure at a level of detail never before possible with seismic methods. The survey was also conducted to maximize data available for study of the dependence of amplitudes with angle-of-incidence. Prestack angle data were processed to half-degree intervals and utilized for enhanced interpretation of the seismic image through partial stacks and through amplitude variation with angle (AVA) analyses. Frequencies as high as 3,000 Hz (the limit of the source sweep) were recorded, with a predominant signal at about 2,000 Hz; the well separation was 600 m, and the target reef is at 1,400–1,525 m depth. Many of the interfaces present within the area have small reflection amplitudes at narrow angles that increase substantially near the critical angle. Analyses were performed on various interfaces in the seismic section to compare with Zoeppritz-equation solutions, using rock data acquired through an extensive library of seismic and well logging data available for the area. These models were then compared with the actual AVA character acquired at the interface and matched as closely as possible. Through this analysis and match process, various rock property estimates were inferred or refined.

205

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Permeability of Laboratory-Formed Hydrate-Bearing Sand Permeability of Laboratory-Formed Hydrate-Bearing Sand Permeability of Laboratory-Formed Hydrate-Bearing Sand (OTC 19536) Authors: Timothy J. Kneafsey (speaker), Yongkoo Seol, Arvind Gupta, and Liviu Tomutsa Venue: 2008 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, May 5-8, 2008 http://www.spe.org and http://www.smenet.org [external sites] Abstract: Methane hydrate was formed in moist sand under confining stress in a long, x-ray transparent pressure vessel. Three initial water saturations were used to form three different methane hydrate saturations. X-ray computed tomography (CT) was used to observe location-specific density changes, caused by hydrate formation and flowing water. Gas permeability was measured in each test for dry sand, moist sand, frozen sand, and hydrate-bearing sand. Results of these measurements are presented. Water was flowed through the hydrate-bearing sand, and the changes in water saturation were observed using CT scanning. Inverse modeling will be performed using these data to extend the relative permeability measurements

206

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Microcontroller with Memory for Extreme Temperature Applications Microcontroller with Memory for Extreme Temperature Applications Microcontroller with Memory for Extreme Temperature Applications Authors: H. M. Soo, C. Hutchens, C. M. Liu, Z. Yuan, S. Velore, J. Gaisler, M. Willett, and V. Madhuravasal Venue: International Conference on High Temperature Electronics (HiTEC 2008), Albuquerque, New Mexico, May 12-15, 2008 (http://www.imaps.org/hitec/exhibitinfo08.htm) Abstract: A 68HC11 microcontroller, a LEON3 processor (code by Gaisler Research), and 4k-SRAM and 2k-ROM with the SPI interface are designed, constructed and tested by MSVLSI design group of Oklahoma State University for extreme temperature applications. 68HC11 microcomputer chip (operating in 275oC at 3 MHz) consists of the microprocessor, ALU, a small boot ROM (512 bytes), 4 kbyte data RAM, counter/timer unit, serial peripheral interface (SPI), asynchronous serial interface (SCI), and the A, B, C, and D parallel ports. The internal Boot ROM triggers CPU to load programs over SPI or SCI into the internal RAM, and it also contains self-test code that help in peripherals and memory diagnostic for proper functionality. The high temperature version of the LEON3 is configured with 1K instruction cache, 1K data cache (SRAM) with tag, 32x32 register file, JTAG, generic APB UART, CAN controller, interrupt controller, timer, LEON3 memory controller, AHB/APB bridge, LEON3 debug support unit, general input/output ports, and can-driver. The LEON3 test results have demonstrated full functionality operating at 18MHz in 200oC environments. The 68HC11 and LEON3 microcontrollers were placed and routed using OSU MSVLSI groupÂ’s extreme temperature cell library.

207

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Decreasing Air Emission Impacts From Oil and Gas Development Decreasing Air Emission Impacts From Oil and Gas Development Decreasing Air Emission Impacts From Oil and Gas Development Authors: Charles B. McComas, PE; J. Daniel Arthur, PE; Gerry Baker; G. Lee Moody; and David B. Cornue, PG, CHMM Venue: American Chemical Society (53rd Pentasectional Meeting) – Halliburton Energy Services Technology Center, Duncan, OK, March 8, 2008 (http://www.acs.org [external site]) Abstract: Research funded by the United States Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory and conducted under the direction of the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission has examined concerns related to air emissions resulting from domestic onshore oil and gas exploration and production operations. Current air issues such as ambient air quality standards and non-attainment areas, regulatory compliance and regional inconsistencies, as well as global climate change and carbon sequestration are a few of the subjects perceived to represent potential barriers to energy development. The topic of air quality and how it relates to onshore oil and gas exploration and production activities is examined from the position of environmental sustainability. These concerns can be addressed through reasonable and prudent practices that industry may implement in order to avoid, minimize, or mitigate air emissions. Additionally, air emissions parameters that are not currently regulated (e.g.: CH4 and CO2) may become the subject of increased concern in the future and, therefore, add to the list of issues facing oil and gas exploration and production. Suggestions for further research opportunities with the potential to benefit responsible energy resource development are also presented.

208

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Super-Cement for Annular Seal & Long-Term Integrity in Deep, Hot Wells Super-Cement for Annular Seal & Long-Term Integrity in Deep, Hot Wells Super-Cement for Annular Seal & Long-Term Integrity in Deep, Hot Wells Authors: Fred Sabins, Kevin Edgely, and Larry Watters, CSI Technologies, LLC, Houston, TX. Venue: 2007 Drilling Engineering Association Workshop, Moody Gardens Hotel, Galveston, TX, June 19-20, 2007 (http://www.dea-global.org) [external site]). Abstract: Successful laboratory and field testing of Ultra-Seal® R and Pre-Stressed Cement will be presented. The application of these materials can dramatically reduce the costs of re-establishing annular seal integrity in deep, hot wells, thereby significantly lowering life-cycle well costs. CSI Technologies chose two cement types for further field testing in the third phase of the project to develop a “supercement” for work in high-temperature/high-pressure (HT/HP) wells. HT/HP wells often encounter problems with isolation of production zones due to cement failures. This can result in expensive repair jobs and costly shut-ins of high-volume wells. CSI determined that resin and magnesium oxide cements showed very good mechanical properties and bonding characteristics and are controllable at HT/HP conditions. The resin cement has been used successfully in more than 50 field plugging jobs and in one HT/HP squeeze job. CSI developed a second supercement formulation that is Portland cement- based and functions by generating substantial expansion during the curing process. This material functions in the confined wellbore environment by developing significant cement matrix compressive stress during cure, resulting in a compressive pre-load. In practice, the compressive pre-load functions to elevate the effective tensile strength of the material because the compressive stress must be relieved before the material can experience tensile stress. Additionally, the pre-load functions to keep the material tightly bound to the wellbore tubulars, thereby reducing the tendency of repeated stress cycles to form a microannulus.

209

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The geomechanical response of Hydrate-Bearing Sediments (HBS) is a serious concern that needs to be addressed before the installation of facilities for hydrate deposits can proceed, and if gas production from hydrate deposits is to become reality. HBS are often unconsolidated, and are characterized by low shear strength. Heat from external sources, that cross the formation or depressurization-based production, can induce dissociation of hydrates (a strong cementing agent), and degradation of the structural stability of the HBS. Changes in pressure and temperature, phase changes, and the evolution of an expanding (and structurally weak) gas zone can significantly alter the distribution of loads in the sediments. The corresponding changes in the local stress and strain fields can result in substantial changes in the hydrologic, thermal and geomechanical properties of the system, displacement, and potentially failure.

210

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Produced Water Treatment Using Gas Hydrate Formation at the Wellhead Produced Water Treatment Using Gas Hydrate Formation at the Wellhead Produced Water Treatment Using Gas Hydrate Formation at the Wellhead Authors: John and Deidre Boysen Venue: International Petroleum and Biofuels Environmental Conference, November 11-13, 2008, Albuquerque, NM cese@utulsa.edu Abstract: Economic and efficient produced water management is complex. Produced waters contain mixtures of organic and inorganic compounds, including heavy metals. Many of these constituents interfere with treatment processes that are selective for other constituents. Further, the concentrations of organic and inorganic constituents vary widely with location and producing formation. In addition, regulations related to discharge and beneficial uses vary from state to state, basin-to-basin and well location to well location.

211

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Novel Applications for Biogeophysics: Prospects for Detecting Key Subseafloor Geomicrobiological Processes or Habitats Novel Applications for Biogeophysics: Prospects for Detecting Key Subseafloor Geomicrobiological Processes or Habitats Novel Applications for Biogeophysics: Prospects for Detecting Key Subseafloor Geomicrobiological Processes or Habitats Authors: Rick Colwell, Oregon State University, and Dimitris Ntarlagiannis, Rutgers University. Venue: American Geophysical UnionÂ’s 2007 Joint Assembly, Acapulco Mexico, May 21-25, 2007 (http://www.agu.org/ [external site]). Abstract: The new subdiscipline of biogeophysics has focused mostly on the geophysical signatures of microbial processes in contaminated subsurface environments usually undergoing remediation. However, the use of biogeophysics to examine the biogeochemistry of marine sediments has not yet been well integrated into conceptual models that describe subseafloor processes. Current examples of geophysical measurements that have been used to detect geomicrobiological processes or infer their location in the seafloor include sound surveillance system (SOSUS)-derived data that detect seafloor eruptive events, deep and shallow cross-sectional seismic surveys that determine the presence of hydraulically conductive zones or gas-bearing sediments (e.g., bottom-simulating reflectors or bubble-rich strata), and thermal profiles. One possible area for innovative biogeophysical characterization of the seafloor involves determining the depth of the sulfate-methane interface (SMI) in locations where sulfate diffuses from the seawater and methane emanates from subsurface strata. The SMI demarcates a stratum where microbially driven anaerobic methane oxidation (AMO) is dependent upon methane as an electron donor and sulfate as an electron acceptor. AMO is carried out by a recently defined, unique consortium of microbes that metabolically temper the flux of methane into the overlying seawater. The depth of the SMI is, respectively, shallow or deep according to whether a high or low rate of methane flux occurs from the deep sediments. Presently, the SMI can only be determined by direct measurements of methane and sulfate concentrations in the interstitial waters or by molecular biological techniques that target the microbes responsible for creating the SMI. Both methods require collection and considerable analysis of sediment samples. Therefore, detection of the SMI by non-destructive methods would be advantageous. As a key biogeochemical threshold in marine sediments, the depth of the SMI defines methane charge in marine sediments, whether it is from dissolved methane or from methane hydrates. As such, a biogeophysical strategy for determining SMI depth would represent an important contribution to assessing methane charge with respect to climate change, sediment stability, or potential energy resources.

212

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Pore-Scale Mechanistic Study of the Preferential Mode of Hydrate Formation in Sediments: Fluid Flow Aspects Pore-Scale Mechanistic Study of the Preferential Mode of Hydrate Formation in Sediments: Fluid Flow Aspects Pore-Scale Mechanistic Study of the Preferential Mode of Hydrate Formation in Sediments: Fluid Flow Aspects Authors: Javad Behseresht, Masa Prodanovic, and Steven Bryant, University of Texas at Austin. Venue: American Geophysical Union fall meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 10-14, 2007 (http://www.agu.org/meetings/fm07/ [external site]). Abstract: A spectrum of behavior is encountered in ocean sediments bearing methane hydrates, ranging from essentially static accumulations where hydrate and brine co-exist, to active cold seeps where hydrate and a methane gas phase co-exist in the hydrate stability zone (HSZ). In this and a companion paper (Jain and Juanes), the researchers describe methods to test the following hypothesis: The coupling between drainage and fracturing, both induced by pore pressure, determines whether methane gas entering the HSZ is converted completely to hydrate. The researchers will describe a novel implementation of the level set method to determine the capillarity-controlled displacement of brine by gas from sediment and from fractures within the sediment. Predictions of fluid configurations in infinite-acting-model sediments indicate that the brine in drained sediment (after invasion by methane gas) is better connected than previously believed. This increases the availability of water and the rate of counter-diffusion of salinity ions, thus relaxing the limit on hydrate build-up within the gas-invaded grain matrix. Simulated drainage of a fracture in sediment shows that points of contact between fracture faces are crucial. They allow residual water saturation to remain within an otherwise gas-filled fracture. Simulations of imbibition—which can occur, for example, after drainage into surrounding sediment reduces gas phase pressure in the fracture—indicate that the gas/water interfaces at contact points significantly shift the threshold pressures for withdrawal of gas. During both drainage and imbibition, the contact points greatly increase water availability for hydrate formation within the fracture. The researchers will discuss coupling this capillarity-controlled displacement model with a discrete element model for grain-scale mechanics. The coupled model provides a basis for evaluating the macroscopic conditions (thickness of gas accumulation below the hydrate stability zone, average sediment grain size, principal earth stresses) favoring co-existence of methane gas and hydrate in the HSZ. Explaining the range of behavior is useful in assessing resource volumes and evaluating pore-to-core scale flow paths in production strategies

213

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Comparing the Depositional Characteristics of the Oil-Shale-Rich Mahogany and R-6 Zones of the Uinta and Piceance Creek Basins Comparing the Depositional Characteristics of the Oil-Shale-Rich Mahogany and R-6 Zones of the Uinta and Piceance Creek Basins Comparing the Depositional Characteristics of the Oil-Shale-Rich Mahogany and R-6 Zones of the Uinta and Piceance Creek Basins Authors: Danielle Lehle and Michael D. Vanden Berg, Utah Geological Survey. Venue: Economic Geology of the Rocky Mountain Region session, May 11, 2009, Geological Society of America-Rocky Mountain Section annual meeting, Orem, Utah, May 11-13, 2009. http://www.geosociety.org/sectdiv/rockymtn/09mtg/index.htm [external site] Abstract: The upper Green River formationÂ’s oil shale deposits located within the Uinta Basin of Utah and the Piceance Creek Basin of Colorado contain remarkably similar stratigraphic sequences despite being separated by the Douglas Creek arch. Individual horizons, as well as individual beds, can be traced for hundreds of miles within and between the two basins. However, changes in the topography-controlled runoff patterns between the basins, as well as changes in localized climate conditions throughout upper Green River time, created significant differences between basin-specific deposits. These variations affected the richness and thickness of each oil shale zone, resulting in basin-specific preferred extraction techniques (i.e., in-situ in Colorado and mining/retort in Utah). ColoradoÂ’s oil-shale resource was mapped and quantified by the USGS in the late 1970s, whereas this study is the first attempt at quantifying UtahÂ’s overall resource by specific oil shale horizon. This presentation focuses on the Mahogany zone (MZ) and the stratigraphically lower R-6 zone; subsequent work will define other important horizons.

214

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Drilling Tests of an Active Vibration Damper Drilling Tests of an Active Vibration Damper Drilling Tests of an Active Vibration Damper Authors: Mark Wassell, Martin Cobern, Carl Perry, Jason Barbely, and Daniel Burgess, APS Technology, Inc. Venue: Drilling Engineering Association’s 2007 DEA Workshop in Galveston, TX, June 19-20, 2007 Abstract: Testing of an active drilling vibration damper (AVD) system at TerraTek Laboratory, under conditions designed to induce vibration, demonstrated that the use of the AVD reduced vibration, maintained more consistent weight-on-bit, and increased rate of penetration (ROP). These tests demonstrated that the AVD is likely to provide significant time and cost savings, particularly in deep wells. The results of these tests will be outlined. Related NETL Project: The goal of the related NETL project DE-FC26-02NT41664, “Drilling Vibration Monitoring and Control System,” is to improve ROP and reduce the incidence of premature equipment failures in deep hard rock drilling environments by reducing harmful drillstring vibration.

215

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation  

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on on Laboratory Testing on Geomechanical Properties of Carbonate Rocks for CO2 Sequestration Authors: Xuejun Zhou (speaker), Zhengwen Zeng, Hong Liu, and Alyssa Boock, University of North Dakota. Venue: 43rd U.S. Rock Mechanics Symposium and 4th U.S.-Canada Rock Mechanics Symposium, Asheville, NC, June 28-July 1, 2009. http://www.armasymposium.org/ [external site] Abstract: The Williston basin of North Dakota is predominated by carbonate successions from Cambrian through Cretaceous, followed by episodic glaciations through Quaternary. Geomechanical characterization of this rock succession is a critical element for understanding the subsurface processes when conducting anthropogenic CO2 sequestration. CO2 sequestration can be divided into two stages. The first is to inject CO2 into the target formation; the second is to keep the injected CO2 in the formation for a designed period of time, e.g., 1,000 years. As rocks behave differently under deep reservoir conditions from how they behave under atmospheric conditions, detailed studies of thermo-hydro-mechanical effects are needed. In this paper, effects of CO2 sequestration on host rock are investigated through combined water-alternative-CO2 injection and tri-axial geomechanical tests. Testing results indicate that rock strength can be decreased significantly after the first stage. In the second stage, which is under static, no-flow conditions, there is no obvious difference in strengths between CO2- and water-saturated rocks. It seems that CO2 saturated rocks even tend to be more competent. This may reveal the different micro-cracking mechanisms caused by different molecular-level properties, such as wettability, etc. Linear Mohr-Coulomb criteria were applied to drained testing results very well but show discrepancies with those of un-drained testing

216

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Hydraulic Fracturing and Sand Control Hydraulic Fracturing and Sand Control Hydraulic Fracturing and Sand Control Author: M. Sharma Venue: Industry Workshop, Austin, Texas, May 7, 2008 (http://www.cpge.utexas.edu) Abstract: The Hydraulic Fracturing and Sand Control project consists of a set of 9 projects (5 related to fracturing and 4 related to sand control) that are currently underway. The project began in 2006 and is planned to continue for at least 2 years (2008). Each member company contributes $50,000 per year as a grant to the University and in return receives all the research results from the projects underway. F1. Energized fractures in tight gas sands/ gas shales (Kyle Freihof, Mukul Sharma) F2. Refracturing and stress reorientation in sands / shales (Vasudev Singh, Nicolas Rousell, Mukul Sharma)

217

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

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Morphology, Distribution, and Genesis of Nanometer-Scale Pores in the Mississippian Barnett Shale Morphology, Distribution, and Genesis of Nanometer-Scale Pores in the Mississippian Barnett Shale Morphology, Distribution, and Genesis of Nanometer-Scale Pores in the Mississippian Barnett Shale Authors: R. M. Reed, R. G. Loucks, D. M. Jarvie, and S. C. Ruppel Venue: 2008 American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) Annual Convention and Exhibition, San Antonio, TX, April 19-24, 2008 oral session chaired by S. C. Ruppel and R. G. Loucks (http://www.aapg.org) Abstract: The Mississippian Barnett Shale from the Fort Worth Basin of Texas predominantly consists of black, clay-mineral-poor, calcareous and siliceous mudstones. Siliceous mudstones from two wells have been examined to characterize pores. A few primarily intragranular micropores >500 nm in diameter are present but they are isolated and numerically insignificant. Nanometer-scale pores (nanopores) are the dominant pore type. Use of Ar-ion-beam milling provides surfaces without topography related to differential hardness, which are suitable for examination of nanopores. Nanopores are primarily found in three locales within the samples. Carbonaceous grains host the majority of nanopores with many of these grains containing hundreds. Other nanopores are found in bedding-parallel wisps of largely organic matrix material. The remaining, less common, nanopore locale is within extremely fine-grained matrix areas not associated with organic material. Intragranular nanopores tend to be larger, and less regularly shaped than intergranular nanopores; which tend to be more elliptical to elongate, smaller, and less complexly shaped. At least two distinct morphologies of nanopores have formed in carbonaceous grains. In one type, nanopores are more elliptical and do not have a clear distribution pattern. In the other, nanopores are more rectilinear and form parallel linear arrays. This latter pattern may be controlled by original structure in the grains. Median pore diameters vary from grain to grain, but a typical diameter is ~100 nm. Intragranular porosities up to 20.15% have been measured. All intragranular nanopores in carbonaceous grains may result from devolatilization of the organic material during hydrocarbon maturation

218

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

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Mechanical strength and seismic property measurements of hydrate-bearing sediments Mechanical strength and seismic property measurements of hydrate-bearing sediments Mechanical strength and seismic property measurements of hydrate-bearing sediments (HBS) during hydrate formation and loading tests (OTC 19559) Authors: Seiji Nakagawa (speaker), Timothy J. Kneafsey, and George J. Moridis Venue: 2008 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, May 5-8, 2008 http://www.spe.org and http://www.smenet.org [external sites] Abstract: An on-going effort on conducting laboratory triaxial compression tests on synthetic methane hydrate-bearing sediment cores is presented. Methane hydrate is formed within a sand pack inside a test cell under controlled temperature and confining stress, and triaxial compression tests are performed while monitoring seismic properties. A unique aspect of the experiment is that the formation and dissociation of hydrate in a sediment core, and the failure of the sample during loading tests, can be monitored in real time using both seismic waves and x-ray CT imaging. For this purpose, a specially designed triaxial (geomechanical) test cell was built. This cell allows for conducting seismic wave measurements on a sediment core using compressional and shear (torsion) waves. Concurrently, CT images can be obtained through an x-ray-transparent cell wall. These are used to determine the porosity distribution within a sample owing to both original sand packing and formation of hydrate in the pore space. For interpreting the results from both seismic measurements and geomechanical tests, characterization of sample heterogeneity can be critically important. In this paper, the basic functions of the test cell are presented, with the results of preliminary experiments using non-hydrate bearing sandpack and sandstone core. These measurements confirmed that (1) clear x-ray images of gas-fluid boundaries within a sediment/rock core can be obtained through a thick aluminum test cell wall, (2) the test cell functions correctly during loading tests, and (3) both compressional and shear waves can be measured during a loading test. Further experiments using methane-hydrate-bearing samples will be presented at the conference

219

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

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Reactive transport modeling of oceanic gas hydrate instability and dissociation in response to climate change Reactive transport modeling of oceanic gas hydrate instability and dissociation in response to climate change Reactive transport modeling of oceanic gas hydrate instability and dissociation in response to climate change Authors: Matthew T. Reagan and George J. Moridis Venue: 6th International Conference on Gas Hydrates 2008, Vancouver, British Columbia, July 9-12, 2008 (http://www.icgh.org [external site]) Abstract: Paleoceanographic evidence has been used to postulate that methane from oceanic hydrates may have had a significant role in regulating past global climate. The implication is that global oceanic deposits of methane gas hydrate is the main culprit for a sequence of rapid global warming affects that occurred during the late Quaternary period. However, the behavior of contemporary oceanic methane hydrate deposits subjected to rapid temperature changes, like those predicted under future climate change scenarios, is poorly understood. To determine the fate of the carbon stored in these hydrates, we performed coupled thermo-hydrological-chemical simulations of oceanic gas hydrate accumulations subjected to temperature changes at the seafloor, and assessed the potential for methane release into the ecosystem. Our modeling analysis considered the properties of benthic sediments, the saturation and distribution of the hydrates, the ocean depth, the initial seafloor temperature, and the effects of benthic biogeochemical activity. The results show that while many deep hydrate deposits are indeed stable during periods of rapid ocean temperature changes, shallow deposits (such as those found in arctic regions or in the Gulf of Mexico) can undergo rapid dissociation and produce significant carbon fluxes over a period of decades. These fluxes may exceed the ability of the seafloor environment (via anaerobic oxidation of methane and the formation of carbonates) to sequester the released carbon. This model will provide a source term to regional or global climate models in order to assess the coupling of gas hydrate deposits to changes in the global climate.

220

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Differences in Nanopore Development Related to Thermal Maturity in the Mississippian Barnett Shale Differences in Nanopore Development Related to Thermal Maturity in the Mississippian Barnett Shale Differences in Nanopore Development Related to Thermal Maturity in the Mississippian Barnett Shale: Preliminary Results Authors: Robert M. Reed, Robert G. Loucks, Daniel M. Jarvie, and Stephen C. Ruppel Venue: Geological Society of America Annual Meeting in Houston, Texas October 5-9, 2008. http://www.geosociety.org/ [external site]. Abstract: The Mississippian Barnett Shale from the Fort Worth Basin of north-central Texas consists predominantly of dark-colored calcareous and siliceous mudstones. Siliceous mudstones from a range of thermal maturities and burial depths have been examined in order to characterize pores, particularly nanometer-scale pores. Ar-ion-beam milling provides a low-relief surface lacking both topography related to differential hardness and surface damage that occur with mechanical polishing. SEM imaging of ion-milled surfaces allows unambiguous identification of pores down to the nanometer scale.

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221

CASE Design/Remodeling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DesignRemodeling Jump to: navigation, search Name: CASE DesignRemodeling Place: Bethesda, MD Website: http:www.casedesignremodelin References: CASE DesignRemodeling1...

222

NATURAL GAS FROM SHALE: Questions and Answers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Representation of common equipment at a natural gas hydraulic fracturing drill pad. Representation of common equipment at a natural gas hydraulic fracturing drill pad. How is Shale Gas Produced? Shale gas formations are "unconventional" reservoirs - i.e., reservoirs of low "permeability." Permeability refers to the capacity of a porous, sediment, soil - or rock in this case - to transmit a fluid. This contrasts with a "conventional" gas reservoir produced from sands and carbonates (such as limestone). The bottom line is that in a conventional reservoir, the gas is in interconnected pore spaces, much like a kitchen sponge, that allow easier flow to a well; but in an unconventional reservoir, like shale, the reservoir must be mechanically "stimulated" to

223

Tips: References | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

References References Tips: References April 11, 2012 - 9:03am Addthis Tips: References The following resources were used to develop the Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home: Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Cool Roof Rating Council Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) DOE Building America DOE Building Technologies Program DOE Building Technologies Program, 2010 Buildings Energy Databook DOE Energy Information Administration Residential Energy Consumption Survey DOE/EPA Fuel Economy Guide DOE Federal Energy Management Program DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability ENERGY STAR® Green Roofs for Healthy Cities National Renewable Energy Laboratory

224

FAQS Reference Guide- Aviation Manager  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1164-2003 Chg 1, Aviation Safety Officer Functional Area Qualification Standard.

225

FAQS Reference Guide – Criticality Safety  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the April 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1173-2009, Criticality Safety Functional Area Qualification Standard.

226

FAQS Reference Guide- Chemical Processing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1176-2010, Chemical Processing Functional Area Qualification Standard.

227

FAQS Reference Guide – Emergency Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1177-2004, Emergency Management Functional Area Qualification Standard.

228

FAQS Reference Guide – Industrial Hygiene  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the November 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1138-2007, Industrial Hygiene Functional Area Qualification Standard.

229

FAQS Reference Guide – Facility Representative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the October 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1151-2010, Facility Representative Functional Area Qualification Standard.

230

Ris Energy Report 6 References Reference list for Chapter 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. European Commission. (2006). Action plan for energy efficiency: Real- ising the potential. Brussels. 2Risø Energy Report 6 References Reference list for Chapter 3 1. European Commission. (2007. Review Report FutuRES-E. Energy Economics group, university of Vienna. 5. European Commission. (2007

231

E-Filing Instructions for Natural Gas Authorizations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Natural Gas Regulation » E-Filing Instructions for Services » Natural Gas Regulation » E-Filing Instructions for Natural Gas Authorizations E-Filing Instructions for Natural Gas Authorizations This section of the web site allows you to submit applications to the Department of Energy (DOE) online for the importation and exportation of natural gas from and to Canada and Mexico, the importation of liquefied natural gas (LNG) from various international sources and for the export of LNG from Canada and Mexico. This internet application process should, in most cases, provide you with an authorization within ten working days after receiving the document containing legal signature. General terms, conditions, and restrictions of the e-online filings process are: Term of the authorization is for two (2) years, referred to as a

232

Archived Reference Building Type: Hospital  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

233

Archived Reference Building Type: Hospital  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

234

Archived Reference Building Type: Warehouse  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

235

Archived Reference Building Type: Warehouse  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

236

Energy-economic theory and mathematical models for combining the systems of man and nature, case study: The urban region of Miami, Florida  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a study of the urban region of Miami, Fla. with consideration of energy flow and the relationship between energy theory and economics. Much of this work is based on the theories and work of Dr Howard T. Odum at the University of Florida. A theory of energy quality is presented which is an attempt to relate energies of different concentrations in their ability to do work. This theory allows comparison of the systems of man and nature. Another theory is proposed which seeks to describe the ability of a region to compete based on its flows of natural and fossil fuel energies. Economic, natural system, and energy data were compiled for the Miami urban region from 1950–1972. Cross-correlation of this data showed significant levels of correlation between the rate of change of fossil fuel use and the rates of change of population, budget, sales tax, income, building structure, and number of telephones. Calculation of several urban indicators for 1972 showed a fossil fuel energy density of 300 kcal/m2/day in the urbanized area, a per capita energy consumption of 53.8 × 106 kcal/capita/year, a ratio of natural to fossil fuel energies of 0.25, a developed area of 260 miles2 (673.4 km2), and a rate of development of 6.5 miles2 (16.8 km2) per year. An overall model of Miami is presented with flows and storages quantified for 1972. Based on this model a simpler model was simulated on an analog computer. This model consisted of a system of first-order in time, non-linear differential equations which included fossil fuel energy flows, main economic flows, external price functions, building structure, natural energies, and population. This model was simulated for several linearly increasing future price functions and several sets of future energy functions. Natural energies within the region were calculated by determining the land areas associated with various ecosystem types. Estimating the productivities of these systems on a per area basis allowed calculation of total energy flows. The energies associated with winds, tides, waves, and fresh/salt water concentration gradients were also determined. It was found that the ratio of natural to fossil fuel energy changed from 1.77 in 1950 to 0.25 in 1972.

James Zucchetto

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

NPS Quick Reference Guide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference GuideLegal Abstract NPS Quick Reference Guide, current through August 13, 2014. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2014 Legal Citation NPS Quick Reference Guide...

238

Improving the Field Performance of Natural Gas Furnaces, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Field Performance the Field Performance of Natural Gas Furnaces Chicago, Illinois PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Improving Gas Furnace Performance-A Field and Lab Study at End of Life Location: Chicago, IL Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit www.gastechnology.org Building Component: Natural Gas Furnaces Application: New and/or retrofit; Single and/or multifamily Year Tested: 2012/2013 Applicable Climate Zone(s): All or specify which ones PERFORMANCE DATA Cost of Energy Efficiency Measure (including labor): $250 for adjustments Projected Energy Savings: 6.4% heating savings Projected Energy Cost Savings: $100/year climate-dependent Gas furnaces can successfully operate in the field for 20 years or longer with

239

Natural Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

30 May 1974 research-article Natural Gas C. P. Coppack This paper reviews the world's existing natural gas reserves and future expectations, together with natural gas consumption in 1972, by main geographic...

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

AEO2011: Natural Gas Delivered Prices by End-Use Sector and Census Division  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delivered Prices by End-Use Sector and Census Division Delivered Prices by End-Use Sector and Census Division Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 137, and contains only the reference case. This dataset is in trillion cubic feet. The data is broken down into residential, commercial, industrial, electric power and transportation. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Natural Gas Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Natural Gas Delivered Prices by End-Use Sector and Census Division- Reference Case (xls, 140.7 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

AEO2011: Natural Gas Consumption by End-Use Sector and Census Division |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consumption by End-Use Sector and Census Division Consumption by End-Use Sector and Census Division Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 136, and contains only the reference case. This dataset is in trillion cubic feet. The data is broken down into residential, commercial, industrial, electric power and transportation. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Natural gas consumption Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Natural Gas Consumption by End-Use Sector and Census Division- Reference Case (xls, 138.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

242

AEO2011: Natural Gas Supply, Disposition, and Prices | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Supply, Disposition, and Prices Supply, Disposition, and Prices Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 13, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses gigawatts. The data is broken down into production, net imports, consumption by sector and price. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO disposition EIA natural gas supply prices Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Natural Gas Supply, Disposition, and Prices - Reference Case (xls, 91.8 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

243

Technical Reference | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Reference Dataset Summary Description Technical Reference for Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials Source Sandia National Laboratories Date Released June 03rd, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated September 27th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords Compatibility of Materials hydrogen NREL Sandia Technical Database Technical Reference Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_cia85_ten_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 60.9 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_san10_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 58.5 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_san10b_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 59.4 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_san11_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 48.4 KiB)

244

NETL: Carbon Storage - Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage Reference Shelf Below are links to Carbon Storage Program documents and reference materials. Each of the 10 categories has a variety of documents posted for easy access to current information - just click on the category link to view all related materials. RSS Icon Subscribe to the Carbon Storage RSS Feed. Carbon Storage Collage 2012 Carbon Utilization and Storage Atlas IV Carbon Sequestration Project Portfolio DOE/NETL Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage RD&D Roadmap Public Outreach and Education for Carbon Storage Projects Carbon Storage Technology Program Plan Carbon Storage Newsletter Archive Impact of the Marcellus Shale Gas Play on Current and Future CCS Activities Site Screening, Selection, and Initial Characterization for Storage of CO2 in Deep Geologic Formations Carbon Storage Systems and Well Management Activities Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting of CO2 Stored in Deep Geologic Formations

245

FAQS Reference Guide –Radiation Protection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the December 2003 edition of DOE-STD-1174-2003, Radiation Protection Functional Area Qualification Standard.

246

FAQS Reference Guide – Occupational Safety  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the July 2011 version of DOE-STD-1160-2011, Occupational Safety Functional Area Qualification Standard.

247

Tips: References | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: References Tips: References Tips: References April 11, 2012 - 9:03am Addthis Tips: References The following resources were used to develop the Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home: Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Cool Roof Rating Council Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) DOE Building America DOE Building Technologies Program DOE Building Technologies Program, 2010 Buildings Energy Databook DOE Energy Information Administration Residential Energy Consumption Survey DOE/EPA Fuel Economy Guide DOE Federal Energy Management Program DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability ENERGY STAR® Green Roofs for Healthy Cities National Renewable Energy Laboratory

248

FAQS Reference Guide – Quality Assurance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the April 2002 edition of DOE-Standard (STD)-1150-2002, Quality Assurance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

249

Safeguards and Security Program References  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The manual establishes definitions for terms related to the Department of Energy Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program and includes lists of references and acronyms/abbreviations applicable to S&S Program directives. Cancels the Safeguards and Security Glossary of Terms, dated 12-18-95. Current Safeguards and Security Program References can also be found at Safeguards and Security Policy Information Resource (http://pir.pnl.gov/)

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

250

GENERAL TECHNICAL BASELINE QUALIFICATION STANDARD SUGGESTED STUDY REFERENCES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Baseline Qualification Standard Suggested Study References Baseline Qualification Standard Suggested Study References 2007 revision This list provides suggested study references for the technical competencies of the General Technical Base Qualification Standard (DOE STD 1146-2007). More comprehensive resources are available through the DOE Online Learning Center's training courses and the study guides available through the Federal Technical Capability Panel web site. The Uniform Resource Locaters for these sites are listed in the Standard. This list is arranged by Technical Competency, followed by the suggested reference source. Some competencies deal directly with DOE or Federal directives, and they are also the reference. In a few cases, the Study Guide is the only concise source, and appropriate sections are listed.

251

Sensors and Controls Characteristics Reference Guide Research Project |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sensors and Controls Characteristics Sensors and Controls Characteristics Reference Guide Research Project Sensors and Controls Characteristics Reference Guide Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting research into a reference guide about building sensors and controls characteristics. Project Description This project seeks to develop a Sensors and Controls Characteristics Reference Guide through a series of market engagements with building researchers, manufacturers, and users. When completed, the reference will serve as a guide to develop and deploy low-cost sensor systems defined by high-value case studies, as well as develop and deploy a "controls" open-source platform that enables validation and adoption of algorithms. Project Partners Research is being undertaken by DOE, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory,

252

A real options approach to investing in the first nuclear power plant under cost uncertainty: comparison with natural gas power plant for the Tunisian case  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper uses a real options approach to present a method for evaluating the first Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) investment in Tunisia in 2020. The evaluating model integrates the value of real options: option to wait in the standard discount cash flow analysis. According to the IAEA (2007), starting the first stage of a nuclear power programme makes it possible to construct the first NPP in second time. This study considers that the economic worth of the NPP investment depends on the production cost of the natural gas power plant. This study assumes that the profit realised by the NPP project, defined as the difference between natural gas and nuclear production costs, represented the cash flow of the NPP investment. However, the value of this cash flow is uncertain. This is an investment choice problem under uncertainty. The analysis proposes the optimal investment strategy in NPP project for the Tunisian government. Furthermore, the threshold value of investment cash flow defining the timing of starting NPP construction is calculated. [Received: July 10, 2008; Accepted: November 23, 2008

Mohamed Ben Abdelhamid; Chaker Aloui; Corinne Chaton

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Natural Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... CHOOSING an awkward moment, Phillips Petroleum Exploration have announced a new find of natural ...naturalgas ...

1967-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

254

REFERENCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 3. Turbulent diffusion and interactions with the surface Chapter 4. Subgrid-scale orographic drag Chapter 5. Convection Chapter 6. Clouds and large-scale precipitation

Chapter Overview; Chapter Radiation; Chapter Land Suface Parametrization; Chapter Climatological Data

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Anderson-Sprecher, R, Flatman, G. T. and...and Marriott, J. V. R. (1999) Radiocaesium...331-336. Brisbin, I. L., Jr., Staton, M. A...E. III and Geiger, R. A. (1974) Radiocesium...Designs for Research (R. McNally: Chicago, IL). Chappell......

REFERENCES

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......905-911. Dickinson H. C. Combustion calorimetry and the heats of combustion of cane sugar, benzoic...Contemporary Radiation Chemistry-Teply J., ed. (1971...149-155. Fay I. W. The Chemistry of Coal-Tar Dyes (1911) New......

References

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Shapiro D. E. Estimating the accuracy of screening...T. Mammography grid performance. Radiology...7:395-405. Smart C. R. , Hendrick...III, Smith R. A. Benefit of mammograpy screening...Radiol. 7, 395405. Smart, C. R., Hendrick...A. (1995). "Benefit of mammograpy screen......

References

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......T. Mammography grid performance. Radiology...7:395-405. Smart C. R. , Hendrick...III, Smith R. A. Benefit of mammograpy screening...J. Contrast and grid performance in mammography...Radiol. 7, 395405. Smart, C. R., Hendrick...A. (1995). "Benefit of mammograpy screen......

References

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

REFERENCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Matri.x Iterative Analysis. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 322 pp. Watts, J.W., 1971. An Iterative Matrix Solution Method Suitable for Anisotropic Prob- lems.

2008-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

260

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for breast cancer...analysis," pp. 771798 in Handbook of Medical Imaging. Vol...Metz, C. E. (2000). "Fundamental ROC analysis," pp. 751770 in Handbook of Medical Imaging, Volume......

References

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......A. (2003) Spatial scales of 137Cs-derived soil flux by wind in a 25 km2 arable area of eastern England. Catena 52 , 209-234...strontium-90 accumulation in white-tailed deer mandibles, J. Wildlife Manage. 29 , 39-43. Scott, D. E., Whicker, F. W......

REFERENCES

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Impact of micro- and nano-grazers on phytoplankton assessed by standard and size-fractionated dilution grazing experiments. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 50: 145-156.

263

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Collisions-Dalgarno A., Freound R. S., Koch P. M., Lubell M. S., Lucatorto T. B., eds. (1990) AIP Conference...205, Dalgarno, A., Freound, R. S., Koch, P. M., Lubell, M. S. and Lucatorto, T. B. Eds. (American Institute......

REFERENCES

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......industrial radiation sterilization process control. Radiat. Phys. Chem...MOSFET dosimetry. Proc. Ann. Mtg. Health Physics Society (1988...Processing (Trans. First Int. Mtg Puerto Rico, 1976). 567-573...Ed. (1968). Fundamental Processes in Radiation Chemistry (Interscience......

References

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......239,240Pu in soils around the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site...Plutonium in Soil around the Rocky Flats Plant. HASL-235 (U.S. Atomic...appraisal of 241Am in soils around Rocky Flats, Colorado, Health Phys. 71......

REFERENCES

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Soil around the Rocky Flats Plant. HASL-235...Commission, Health and Safety Laboratory: New...in soils around Rocky Flats, Colorado, Health...plutonium particles in Rocky Flats soil, Health Phys...on Radiological Safety in the Marshall......

REFERENCES

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Department of Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred to by  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred to by Secretary Bodman at Today's Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee Hearing Department of Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred to by Secretary Bodman at Today's Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee Hearing October 27, 2005 - 12:34pm Addthis Week 1: August 21 - 27, 2005 Katrina strikes south Florida 8/25 and enters the Gulf of Mexico; energy companies in Gulf begin evacuations. DOE deploys staff prior to landfall on Gulf Coast; works with States, industry, and other Federal agencies to prepare for Katrina. IMPACT AND RESPONSE: The energy sector impacts from Katrina are significant but are largely limited to 1.2 million electricity customers losing power in Florida (8/25). That is a significant amount but not unexpected for such a

268

Department of Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred to by  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred Department of Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred to by Secretary Bodman at Today's Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee Hearing Department of Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred to by Secretary Bodman at Today's Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee Hearing October 27, 2005 - 12:34pm Addthis Week 1: August 21 - 27, 2005 Katrina strikes south Florida 8/25 and enters the Gulf of Mexico; energy companies in Gulf begin evacuations. DOE deploys staff prior to landfall on Gulf Coast; works with States, industry, and other Federal agencies to prepare for Katrina. IMPACT AND RESPONSE: The energy sector impacts from Katrina are significant but are largely limited to 1.2 million electricity customers losing power in Florida (8/25). That is a significant amount but not unexpected for such a

269

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Flex-Fuel Vehicle Modeling in the Flex-Fuel Vehicle Modeling in the Annual Energy Outlook John Maples Office of Energy Consumption and Energy Analysis March 20, 2013 | Washington, DC Light duty vehicle technology and alternative fuel market penetration 2 * Technologies affecting light-duty vehicle fuel economy are considered as either: - subsystem technologies (transmissions, materials, turbo charging) - advanced/alternative fuel vehicles (hybrids, EVs, FFVs) * Manufacturers Technology Choice Component (MTCC) - 9 manufacturers, 16 vehicle types, 6 size classes - adopts vehicle subsystem technologies for all vehicle types (conventional gasoline, FFV, hybrid, diesel, etc.) based on value of fuel economy and/or performance improvement * Consumer Vehicle Choice Component (CVCC)

270

Report: An Updated Annual Enrgy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics 2005 (Washington, DC, October 2006); Oak Ridge National Laboratory," "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 27 and Annual...

271

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics 2005 (Washington, DC, October 2006); Oak Ridge National Laboratory," "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 27 and Annual...

272

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and Development - Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary," "Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway,...

273

FORM FOR ESPC CASE STUDIES AND REFERENCES | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications ESCO PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT TEMPLATE LETTER TO SUCCESSFUL COMPANY OR ESCO Introduction to Measurement & Verification for DOE Super ESPC Projects...

274

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for 2006 and 2007 are model results and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports." " Sources: 2006 supply values; and lease, plant, and pipeline fuel consumption:...

275

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for 2006 and 2007 are model results and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports." " Sources: 2006 and 2007 product supplied based on: Energy Information...

276

Report: An Updated Annual Enrgy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for 2006 and 2007 are model results and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports." " Sources: 2006 and 2007 prices for motor gasoline, distillate fuel oil, and jet...

277

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for 2006 and 2007 are model results and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports." " Sources: 2006 and 2007 consumption based on: Energy Information Administration...

278

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for 2006 and 2007 are model results and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports." " Sources: 2006 and 2007 capacity: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form...

279

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for 2006 and 2007 are model results and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports." "Firm Power Sales are capacity sales, meaning the delivery of the power is...

280

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for 2006 and 2007 are model results and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports." " Sources: 2006 and 2007 electric power sector generation; sales to utilities; net...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for 2006 and 2007 are model results and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports." " Sources: 2006 and 2007 prices for motor gasoline and distillate fuel oil are...

282

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for 2006 and 2007 are model results and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports." " Sources: 2006 and 2007 ethanol: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Annual...

283

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for 2006 and 2007 are model results and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports." " Sources: 2006 and 2007 imported low sulfur light crude oil price: Energy...

284

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for 2006 and 2007 are model results and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports." " Sources: 2006 and 2007 crude oil lower 48 average wellhead price: Energy...

285

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for 2006 and 2007 are model results and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports." " Sources: 2006 and 2007 data based on: Energy Information Administration (EIA),...

286

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

76746,168.7196808,167.7555847,167.2697449,166.1452637,165.26474,163.7099457,162.1619873 " Refrigeration",73.73152161,73.53018188,70.35580444,69.01031494,68.77349854,68.24703217,68....

287

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

047,166.5447693,166.1189423,166.1058655,165.6287994,165.2559509,163.7746735,162.5454559 " Refrigeration",73.73152161,73.53016663,70.39669037,69.04760742,68.3507309,67.49963379,67.0...

288

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,0.3095597923,0.3089521229,0.3097482622,0.3104477823,0.3113028109,0.3122006357 "Delivered Energy Consumption by End Use" " Space Heating 1",1.659170747,1.786749244,1.892402887,1.9...

289

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,0.3093057573,0.3091662526,0.3099833727,0.3105697036,0.3115277886,0.3126308322 "Delivered Energy Consumption by End Use" " Space Heating 1",1.65917182,1.786752224,1.892034054,1.96...

290

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4288.022461,4495.833008,4718.956055 "Energy Intensity" " (thousand Btu per 2000 dollar of GDP)" " Delivered Energy",6.45164299,6.422497749,6.280744553,6.26495409,6.143614769,6.0102...

291

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4369.788574,4597.428223,4843.846191 "Energy Intensity" " (thousand Btu per 2000 dollar of GDP)" " Delivered Energy",6.45164299,6.422497749,6.283946991,6.304526806,6.22622776,6.0826...

292

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

666,1876.378052,1886.589233,1896.617065,1906.307617,1915.627686,1924.664062,1933.551636 " Energy Intensity" " (million Btu per household)" " Delivered Energy Consumption",95.737358...

293

Report: An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

086,1876.765991,1887.016235,1897.062622,1906.736938,1916.007446,1924.966064,1933.756714 " Energy Intensity" " (million Btu per household)" " Delivered Energy Consumption",95.737365...

294

An Updated Anual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1011001, July 2004. 7 Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California, The Green Grid, Energy Savings and Carbon Emissions Reductions Enabled by a Smart Grid,...

295

Electricity and Natural Gas Efficiency Improvements for Residential Gas Furnaces in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

offsets the sizable electricity savings. References TitleElectricity and Natural Gas Efficiency Improvements forfueled by natural gas. Electricity consumption by a furnace

Lekov, Alex; Franco, Victor; Meyers, Steve; McMahon, James E.; McNeil, Michael; Lutz, Jim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Document Number Q0029500 References  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

References References 7.0 References 10 CFR 1021. U.S. Department of Energy, "National Environmental Policy Act Implementing Procedures," Code of Federal Regzilations, January 1,2003. 10 CFR 1022. U.S. Department of Energy, "Compliance with Floodplain/Wetlands Environmental Review Requirements," Code ofFederal Regulations, January 1,2003. 33 CFR 323. Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, "Permits for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Material Into Waters of the United States," Code ofFederal Reglllations, July 1,2002. 40 CFR 192. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings," Code of FederalReglrlations, July 1,2002. 40 CFR 230. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Section 404(b)(l) Guidelines for

297

Microsoft Word - references.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

References May 2005 References May 2005 2004 Site Environmental Report R-1 References Facemire, D. F., S. I. Guttman, D. R. Osborne, and R. H. Sperger, 1990, "Biological and Ecological Site Characterization of the Feed Materials Production Center," FMPC-SUB 018, prepared for Westinghouse Materials Co. of Ohio, Cincinnati, OH. GeoSyntec, 1996, "Impacted Material Placement Plan, On-site Disposal Facility," 20100-PL-007, Revision 3, PCN 2, Prepared for the Fernald Environmental Management Project, DOE, Fernald Area Office, Cincinnati, OH, March. International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), 1994a, "Human Respiratory Tract Model for Radiation Protection," ICRP Publication 66. International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), 1994b, "Protection Against Radon-222

298

Chassis Dynamometer Testing Reference Document  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chassis Dynamometer Testing Chassis Dynamometer Testing Reference Document Downloadable Dynamometer Database www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/ Argonne, IL July, 2013 Henning Lohse-Busch, Ph.D. Kevin Stutenberg, Mike Duoba, Eric Rask, Forrest Jehlik and Glenn Keller Advanced Powertrain Research Facility Overview  This is a reference document explaining the facility and processes used to generate the data available from Argonne National Laboratory's (ANL) Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D 3 ).  Content - Advanced Powertrain Research Facility (APRF) - Chassis Dynamometer Testing Basics - Overview of Classic Drive Cycles - Test Condition and Test Sequences - Data Acquisition System and General Instrumentation Overview

299

ACAA fly ash basics: quick reference card  

SciTech Connect

Fly ash is a fine powdery material created when coal is burned to generate electricity. Before escaping into the environment via the utility stacks, the ash is collected and may be stored for beneficial uses or disposed of, if necessary. The use of fly ash provides environmental benefits, such as the conservation of natural resources, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and eliminating the needed for ash disposal in landfills. It is also a valuable mineral resource that is used in construction and manufacturing. Fly ash is used in the production of Portland cement, concrete, mortars and stuccos, manufactured aggregates along with various agricultural applications. As mineral filler, fly ash can be used for paints, shingles, carpet backing, plastics, metal castings and other purposes. This quick reference card is intended to provide the reader basic source, identification and composition, information specifically related to fly ash.

NONE

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Polar Explorer References Raold Amundsen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-15, 2003, 1 h 19 min. * National Geographic May 2009, concerning claims of Arctic Ocean oil and gasPolar Explorer References Raold Amundsen My Life as an Explorer, Raold Amundsen The Red Tent.L. Berens [This book includes other historic polar explorers] * National Geographic Jan. 2009 (2 articles

Fabrikant, Sara Irina

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

REFERENCE AND BACKGROUND CHECK PROCESS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFERENCE AND BACKGROUND CHECK PROCESS Workforce Planning | 408-924-2250 classcomp process. Workforce Planning will arrange this directly with the finalist(s) once the hiring manager has provided the finalist(s) name(s) to Workforce Planning. An exception to this process is for any candidates

Su, Xiao

302

Effective Scientific Posters Quick Reference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective Scientific Posters Quick Reference George R. Hess An effective poster will help you. A poster is a visual communication tool. Posters serve as ... » a source of information » a conversation starter » a summary of your work » an advertisement of your work Resources for Poster Presenters George

Movileanu, Liviu

303

Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Materials to Reference Materials to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on AddThis.com... Coordinator Basics Clean Cities Program Structure Reference Materials Technical Support Fundraising Redesignation Outreach Education & Webinars Meetings Reporting Contacts Clean Cities Reference Materials Use these reference materials-including quick-reference documents, publications, websites, and the Clean Cities Coalition Wiki-to develop

304

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Pennsylvania) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Pennsylvania) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Pennsylvania References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

305

Alaska Department of Natural Resources Land Search Records Webpage...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Records Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Alaska Department of Natural Resources Land Search Records Webpage Abstract This...

306

Federal Offshore California Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Next Release Date: 10312014 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent at Processing Plants Federal Offshore California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production...

307

California--State Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Available; W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1242014 Next Release Date: 12312015 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production...

308

California--State Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2014 Next Release Date: 10312014 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent at Processing Plants California State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production...

309

Natural Resources Defense Council NRDC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resources Defense Council (NRDC) Place: New York, New York Zip: 10011 Product: Alliance for environmental protection. References: Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)1...

310

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Reference Commercial Reference Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Buildings Performance Database Data Centers Energy Asset Score

311

DOE Commercial Reference Buildings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Buildings DOE Commercial Reference Buildings DOE Commercial Reference Buildings refbldgseuitables1-47-0.pdf More Documents & Publications Energy Information Agency's 2003...

312

Welfare State Integration of Immigrants: the Case of Germany  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of immigrant integration in Germany; the good performance ofImmigrants: the Case of Germany References Beauftragte derImmigrants: the Case of Germany Friedrich Heckmann Managing

Heckmann, Friedrich

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Parametric study of an efficient renewable power-to-substitute-natural-gas process including high-temperature steam electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Power-to-Substitute Natural Gas processes are investigated to offer solutions for renewable energy storing or transportation. In the present study, an original Power-to-SNG process combining high-temperature steam electrolysis and CO2 methanation is implemented and simulated. A reference process is firstly defined, including a specific modelling approach of the electrolysis and a methanation modelling including a kinetic law. The process also integrates a unit to clean the gas from residual CO2, H2 and H2O for gas network injection. Having set all the units, simulations are performed with ProsimPlus 3™ software for a reference case where the electrolyser and the methanation reactors are designed. The reference case allows to produce 67.5 Nm3/h of SNG with an electrical energy consumption of 14.4 kW h/Nm3. The produced SNG satisfies specifications required for network injection. From this reference process, two sensitivity analyses on electrolysis and methanation working points and on external parameters and constraints are considered. As a main result, we observe that the reference case maximises both process efficiency and SNG production when compared with other studied cases.

Myriam De Saint Jean; Pierre Baurens; Chakib Bouallou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Comparison of AEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX FuturesPrices  

SciTech Connect

On December 12, 2005, the reference case projections from ''Annual Energy Outlook 2006'' (AEO 2006) were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have in the past compared the EIA's reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables play in mitigating such risk (see, for example, http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf). As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. As a refresher, our past work in this area has found that over the past five years, forward natural gas contracts (with prices that can be locked in--e.g., gas futures, swaps, and physical supply) have traded at a premium relative to contemporaneous long-term reference case gas price forecasts from the EIA. As such, we have concluded that, over the past five years at least, levelized cost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generation with variable price gas-fired generation that have been based on AEO natural gas price forecasts (rather than forward prices) have yielded results that are ''biased'' in favor of gas-fired generation, presuming that long-term price stability is valued. In this memo we simply update our past analysis to include the latest long-term gas price forecast from the EIA, as contained in AEO 2006. For the sake of brevity, we do not rehash information (on methodology, potential explanations for the premiums, etc.) contained in our earlier reports on this topic; readers interested in such information are encouraged to download that work from http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf. As was the case in the past five AEO releases (AEO 2001-AEO 2005), we once again find that the AEO 2006 reference case gas price forecast falls well below where NYMEX natural gas futures contracts were trading at the time the EIA finalized its gas price forecast. In fact, the NYMEX-AEO 2006 reference case comparison yields by far the largest premium--$2.3/MMBtu levelized over five years--that we have seen over the last six years. In other words, on average, one would have had to pay $2.3/MMBtu more than the AEO 2006 reference case natural gas price forecast in order to lock in natural gas prices over the coming five years and thereby replicate the price stability provided intrinsically by fixed-price renewable generation (or other forms of generation whose costs are not tied to the price of natural gas). Fixed-price generation (like certain forms of renewable generation) obviously need not bear this added cost, and moreover can provide price stability for terms well in excess of five years.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

315

The Consumption of Reference Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under the operational restriction of the U(1)-superselection rule, states that contain coherences between eigenstates of particle number constitute a resource. Such resources can be used to facilitate operations upon systems that otherwise cannot be performed. However, the process of doing this consumes reference resources. We show this explicitly for an example of a unitary operation that is forbidden by the U(1)-superselection rule.

G. A. White; J. A. Vaccaro; H. M. Wiseman

2008-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

316

Texas Natural Resources Code | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Code Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Texas Natural Resources CodeLegal Abstract This regulation governs the...

317

International Energy Outlook - Chapter References  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Chapter References Chapter References International Energy Outlook 2004 Chapter References World Energy and Economic Outlook 1. D.F. Barnes et al., “Tackling the Rural Energy Problem in Developing Countries,” Finance & Development, Vol. 34, No. 2 (June 1997), pp. 11-15. 2. A. Kirby, “Russia’s Climate Tussle Spins On,” BBC News Online (December 4, 2003). 3. A.C. Revkin, “Into Thin Air: Kyoto Accord May Not Die (or Matter),” The New York Times (December 4, 2003), p. A6. 4. The White House, Office of the Press Secretary, “President Announces Clear Skies & Global Climate Change Initiatives” (Press Release, February 14, 2002), web site www.whitehouse.gov/news/ releases/2002/02/20020214-5.html. 5. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 2004, DOE/EIA-0383(2004) (Washington, DC, January 2004); and Global Insight, Inc., World Overview (Lexington, MA, September 2003). India’s GDP growth rates were adjusted downward, based on the judgment of EIA analysts.

318

Microgrid cyber security reference architecture.  

SciTech Connect

This document describes a microgrid cyber security reference architecture. First, we present a high-level concept of operations for a microgrid, including operational modes, necessary power actors, and the communication protocols typically employed. We then describe our motivation for designing a secure microgrid; in particular, we provide general network and industrial control system (ICS)-speci c vulnerabilities, a threat model, information assurance compliance concerns, and design criteria for a microgrid control system network. Our design approach addresses these concerns by segmenting the microgrid control system network into enclaves, grouping enclaves into functional domains, and describing actor communication using data exchange attributes. We describe cyber actors that can help mitigate potential vulnerabilities, in addition to performance bene ts and vulnerability mitigation that may be realized using this reference architecture. To illustrate our design approach, we present a notional a microgrid control system network implementation, including types of communica- tion occurring on that network, example data exchange attributes for actors in the network, an example of how the network can be segmented to create enclaves and functional domains, and how cyber actors can be used to enforce network segmentation and provide the neces- sary level of security. Finally, we describe areas of focus for the further development of the reference architecture.

Veitch, Cynthia K.; Henry, Jordan M.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Hart, Derek H.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

company data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Detroit, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

320

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Detroit, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Marysville, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

322

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

323

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Marysville, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

324

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Detroit, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

325

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Marysville, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

326

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

individual company data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Detroit, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

327

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

company data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

328

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

329

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

330

Calais, ME Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Calais, ME Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

331

Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Massena, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

332

Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Noyes, MN Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

333

Champlain, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Champlain, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

334

Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Waddington, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

335

Eastport, ID Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Eastport, ID Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

336

EXPLANATION A N D REFERENCE Explanation and reference"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of meaning. But a word of explanation is clearly in order. There is no Marxist 'theory of meaning is with Engels' realism, not his 'dialecticalmaterialism'. strictly fit the natural kind Fish does not mean In this paper I try to contrast realist theories of meaning with what may be called 'idealist' theories

Fitelson, Branden

337

Newton-Cartan Gravity in Noninertial Reference Frames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study properties of Newton-Cartan gravity under transformations into all noninertial, nonrelativistic reference frames. The set of these transformations has the structure of an infinite dimensional Lie group, called the Galilean line group, which contains as a subgroup the Galilei group. We show that the fictitious forces of noninertial reference frames are naturally encoded in the Cartan connection transformed under the Galilean line group. These noninertial forces, which are coordinate effects, do not contribute to the Ricci tensor which describes the curvature of Newtonian spacetime. We show that only the $00$-component of the Ricci tensor is non-zero and equal to ($4\\pi$ times) the matter density in any inertial or noninetial reference frame and that it leads to what may be called Newtonian ADM mass. While the Ricci field equation and Gauss law are both fulfilled by the same physical matter density in inertial and linearly accelerating reference frames, there appears a discrepancy between the two in rotating reference frames in that Gauss law holds for an effective mass density that differs from the physical matter density. This effective density has its origin in the simulated magnetic field that appears in rotating frames, highlighting a rather striking difference between linearly and rotationally accelerating reference frames. We further show that the dynamical equations that govern the simulated gravitational and magnetic fields have the same form as Maxwell's equations, a surprising conclusion given that these equations are well-known to obey special relativity (and $U(1)$-gauge symmetry), rather than Galilean symmetry.

Leo Rodriguez; James St. Germaine-Fuller; Sujeev Wickramasekara

2014-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

338

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Underground Natural Gas Storage  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Storage Storage About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Underground Natural Gas Storage Overview | Regional Breakdowns Overview Underground natural gas storage provides pipelines, local distribution companies, producers, and pipeline shippers with an inventory management tool, seasonal supply backup, and access to natural gas needed to avoid imbalances between receipts and deliveries on a pipeline network. There are three principal types of underground storage sites used in the United States today. They are: · depleted natural gas or oil fields (326), · aquifers (43), or · salt caverns (31). In a few cases mine caverns have been used. Most underground storage facilities, 82 percent at the beginning of 2008, were created from reservoirs located in depleted natural gas production fields that were relatively easy to convert to storage service, and that were often close to consumption centers and existing natural gas pipeline systems.

339

Research on the Natural Abundance of Deuterium and Other Isotopes in Nature. Final Report for Period Ending September 30, 1958  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

[Research from September 1957 to 1958 plus a] bibliography, containing about 78 references, on the natural abundance of deuterium and other isotopes in nature is presented. (W.L.H.)

Urey, H. C.

1959-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

340

Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page The below listing provides additional references related to Subsurface & Groundwater Remediation. The references are categorized by documents types (e.g., Strategic Plans, Groundwater Plume Map Booklets, etc.) and under each "document type", there is a list of documents and/or hyperlinks to a reference. The Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page will continue to reflect additional information as it is identified. Strategic Plans Scientific Opportunities to Reduce Risk in Groundwater and Soil Remediation Scientific Opportunities for Monitoring at Environmental Remediation Sites (SOMERS) Groundwater Plume Map Booklets Groundwater Contamination and Treatment at Department of Energy Sites -

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Comparison of AEO 2005 natural gas price forecast to NYMEX futures prices  

SciTech Connect

On December 9, the reference case projections from ''Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO 2005)'' were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. As some of you may be aware, we at LBNL have in the past compared the EIA's reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables play in mitigating such risk. As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. As a refresher, our past work in this area has found that over the past four years, forward natural gas contracts (e.g., gas futures, swaps, and physical supply) have traded at a premium relative to contemporaneous long-term reference case gas price forecasts from the EIA. As such, we have concluded that, over the past four years at least, levelized cost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generation with variable price gas-fired generation that have been based on AEO natural gas price forecasts (rather than forward prices) have yielded results that are ''biased'' in favor of gas-fired generation (presuming that long-term price stability is valued). In this memo we simply update our past analysis to include the latest long-term gas price forecast from the EIA, as contained in AEO 2005. For the sake of brevity, we do not rehash information (on methodology, potential explanations for the premiums, etc.) contained in our earlier reports on this topic; readers interested in such information are encouraged to download that work from http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or, more recently (and briefly), http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf. As was the case in the past four AEO releases (AEO 2001-AE0 2004), we once again find that the AEO 2005 reference case gas price forecast falls well below where NYMEX natural gas futures contracts were trading at the time the EIA finalized its gas price forecast. In fact, the NYMEXAEO 2005 reference case comparison yields by far the largest premium--$1.11/MMBtu levelized over six years--that we have seen over the last five years. In other words, on average, one would have to pay $1.11/MMBtu more than the AEO 2005 reference case natural gas price forecast in order to lock in natural gas prices over the coming six years and thereby replicate the price stability provided intrinsically by fixed-price renewable generation. Fixed-price renewables obviously need not bear this added cost, and moreover can provide price stability for terms well in excess of six years.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2004-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

342

New Robust References! | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New Robust References! New Robust References! Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 7 August, 2013 - 18:23 citation citing developer formatting reference Semantic Mediawiki wiki Check out the new Reference Form. Adding a reference object to OpenEI using this form is the most complete way to cite a reference. After providing the name of your reference, the form will ask for your document type. Depending on what you choose, it will ask for the information necessary to build the proper MLA citation for the reference. This citation is then available semantically as a property of the reference and can be embedded in other pages! The Cite template was developed to help with this. You can site a reference by including {{Cite|Asimov's Story|I,_Robot}}, where I,_Robot

343

Reference Handbook David W. Countryman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

...................................................................................... 31 Fuel Required for Heat Equivalent to 1,000 Cubic Feet of Natural Gas 32 Board Foot Content ........................................................... 34 Table of Contents #12;3 Species with Heartwood of High Resistance to Decay ............................... 35 Species with Heartwood of Moderate to Low Resistance to Decay............ 35 Causes of Degrade

Koford, Rolf R.

344

Independent Natural Resources Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Natural Resources Inc Natural Resources Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Independent Natural Resources Inc Place Eden Prairie, Minnesota Zip 55344 Product Designer of a wave converter system. Has patented the SEADOG Pump which uses buoyancy to convert ave energy to mechanical energy. References Independent Natural Resources Inc[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Independent Natural Resources Inc is a company located in Eden Prairie, Minnesota . References ↑ "Independent Natural Resources Inc" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Independent_Natural_Resources_Inc&oldid=678906"

345

Reference electrode for electrolytic cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reference electrode device is provided for a high temperature electrolytic cell used to electrolytically recover uranium from spent reactor fuel dissolved in an anode pool, the device having a glass tube to enclose the electrode and electrolyte and serve as a conductive membrane with the cell electrolyte, and an outer metal tube about the glass tube to serve as a shield and basket for any glass sections broken by handling of the tube to prevent their contact with the anode pool, the metal tube having perforations to provide access between the bulk of the cell electrolyte and glass membrane. 4 figs.

Kessie, R.W.

1988-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

346

PVWatts Version 1 Technical Reference  

SciTech Connect

The NREL PVWatts(TM) calculator is a web application developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that estimates the electricity production of a grid-connected photovoltaic system based on a few simple inputs. PVWatts combines a number of sub-models to predict overall system performance, and makes several hidden assumptions about performance parameters. This technical reference details the individual sub-models, documents assumptions and hidden parameters, and explains the sequence of calculations that yield the final system performance estimation.

Dobos, A. P.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis A disposal concept consists of three parts: waste inventory (7 waste types examined), geologic setting (e.g., clay/shale, salt, crystalline, other sedimentary), and the engineering concept of operations (range of generic operational concepts examined). Two major categories for waste package emplacement modes are identified: 1) "open" where extended ventilation can remove heat for many years following waste emplacement underground; and 2) "enclosed" modes for clay/shale and salt media where waste packages are emplaced in direct or close contact with natural or engineered materials which may have temperature limits that constrain thermal

348

Climate Reference Network Daily01 Product | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Daily01 Product Daily01 Product Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Climate Reference Network Daily01 Product Dataset Summary Description The U.S. Climate Reference Network is designed specifically to monitor national climate change with best scientific practice and adherence to the accepted principles of climate observations. USCRN daily temperature mean, maximum, and minimum, daily precipitation, daily global solar radiation, and daily average surface infrared temperature data are available in the Daily01 file set for all stations in the network. Daily mean, maximum, and minimum relative humidity are available for most stations. Tags {"Climate Reference Network",USCRN,CRN,"air temperature",temperature,precipitation,"global solar radiation"," surface temperature","surface infrared temperature","relative humidity","natural resources",water,air,"soil "}

349

Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis A disposal concept consists of three parts: waste inventory (7 waste types examined), geologic setting (e.g., clay/shale, salt, crystalline, other sedimentary), and the engineering concept of operations (range of generic operational concepts examined). Two major categories for waste package emplacement modes are identified: 1) "open" where extended ventilation can remove heat for many years following waste emplacement underground; and 2) "enclosed" modes for clay/shale and salt media where waste packages are emplaced in direct or close contact with natural or engineered materials which may have temperature limits that constrain thermal

350

Climate Reference Network Soilsip01 Product | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Soilsip01 Product Soilsip01 Product Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Climate Reference Network Soilsip01 Product Dataset Summary Description The U.S. Climate Reference Network is designed specifically to monitor national climate change with best scientific practice and adherence to the accepted principles of climate observations. USCRN hourly soil moisture and soil temperature data are available in the Soilsip01 file set for all stations in the network which are equipped with soil sensors, and have completed an evaluation process currently lasting 240 days from installation. Tags {"Climate Reference Network",USCRN,CRN,"soil moisture","soil temperature","natural resources","environment "}

351

Ris Energy Report 5 References References for Chapter 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of nations. New York: Basic Books. 7. Porter, M. E. (1998). Clusters and the new economics of competi- tion- nisms in the development of a new industry: The case of renewable energy technology in Sweden. In Coombs et al. (2005). Uk innovation systems for new and renewable energy technologies: drivers, barriers

352

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Tax to Natural Gas Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Tax Natural gas used to propel a motor vehicle is not subject to the state gasoline tax, but is subject to sales and use tax. (Reference Vermont Statutes Title 32, Chapter 233, Section 9741, and Title 23, Chapter 28,

353

Case Study - Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Fleets  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

for added range on vehicles for Round Lake. x The City of Milwaukee found that the fuel tanks installed in the first two CNG refuse trucks were too small, limiting the trucks'...

354

Price of Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2014 Next Release Date: 1302015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Country U.S. Price of Compressedd Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit U.S. Natural Gas Exports to...

355

Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

12312014 Next Release Date: 1302015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Country U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit U.S. Natural Gas Exports to...

356

Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Next Release Date: 11282014 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline...

357

U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline...

358

natural gasoline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

natural gasoline, condensate, distillate [Liquid hydrocarbons, generally clear or pale straw-coloured and of high API gravity (above 6o°), that are produced with wet gas] ? Gasbenzin n, Gasolin n ...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

NETL: Gasification Systems Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shelf Shelf Gasification Systems Reference Shelf TABLE OF CONTENTS Brochures Conferences and Workshops Gasification Systems Projects National Map Gasification Systems Projects and Performers Gasification Systems Project Portfolio Gasifipedia Multi-phase Flow with Interphase eXchange (MFIX) Patents Program Presentations Project Information Projects Summary Table by State Solicitations Systems and Industry Analyses Studies Technical Presentations & Papers Technology Readiness Assessment (Comprehensive Report | Overview Report) Video, Images & Photos Gasification Plant Databases CD Icon Request Gasification Technologies Information on a CD. Gasification RSS Feed Subscribe to the Gasification RSS Feed to follow website updates. LinkedIn DOE Gasification Program Group Subscribe to the LinkedIn DOE Gasification Program group for more information and discussion.

360

Comparison of AEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX FuturesPrices  

SciTech Connect

On December 5, 2006, the reference case projections from 'Annual Energy Outlook 2007' (AEO 2007) were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have, in the past, compared the EIA's reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables play in mitigating such risk (see, for example, http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf). As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. As a refresher, our past work in this area has found that over the past six years, forward natural gas contracts (with prices that can be locked in--e.g., gas futures, swaps, and physical supply) have traded at a premium relative to contemporaneous long-term reference case gas price forecasts from the EIA. As such, we have concluded that, over the past six years at least, levelized cost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generation with variable-price gas-fired generation that have been based on AEO natural gas price forecasts (rather than forward prices) have yielded results that are 'biased' in favor of gas-fired generation, presuming that long-term price stability is valued. In this memo we simply update our past analysis to include the latest long-term gas price forecast from the EIA, as contained in AEO 2007. For the sake of brevity, we do not rehash information (on methodology, potential explanations for the premiums, etc.) contained in our earlier reports on this topic; readers interested in such information are encouraged to download that work from http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf. As was the case in the past six AEO releases (AEO 2001-AEO 2006), we once again find that the AEO 2007 reference case gas price forecast falls well below where NYMEX natural gas futures contracts were trading at the time the EIA finalized its gas price forecast. Specifically, the NYMEX-AEO 2007 premium is $0.73/MMBtu levelized over five years. In other words, on average, one would have had to pay $0.73/MMBtu more than the AEO 2007 reference case natural gas price forecast in order to lock in natural gas prices over the coming five years and thereby replicate the price stability provided intrinsically by fixed-price renewable generation (or other forms of generation whose costs are not tied to the price of natural gas). Fixed-price generation (like certain forms of renewable generation) obviously need not bear this added cost, and moreover can provide price stability for terms well in excess of five years.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2006-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture Consultation Draft Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture: Consultation Draft Environmental Information Contributing to the Australian Government National Plan for Environmental Information initiative #12;National

Greenslade, Diana

362

Functional Area Qualification Standard Reference Guides  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The reference guides have been developed to address the competency statements in DOE Functional Area Qualification Standard.

363

Appendix E References | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

E References | National Nuclear Security Administration People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing...

364

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008-Impacts of Updating the AEO2008 Reference  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Impacts of Updating the AEO2008 Reference Case Impacts of Updating the AEO2008 Reference Case Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030 Impacts of Updating the AEO2008 Reference Case EIA's decision to update the AEO2008 early-release reference case was motivated by the enactment in December 2007 of EISA2007, which contains many provisions that will significantly influence future energy trends. The specific EISA2007 provisions modeled in AEO2008 include updates to the renewable fuel standard (RFS) and the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standard for new light-duty vehicles (LDVs); updated and new appliance energy efficiency standards for boilers, dehumidifiers, dish-washers, clothes washers, and commercial walk-in refrigerators and freezers; lighting energy efficiency standards; provisions to reduce energy consumption in Federal buildings; and efficiency standards for in-dustrial electric motors.

365

Natural System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural System Natural System Evaluation and Tool Development - FY11 Progress Report Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Used Fuel Disposition Program Yifeng Wang (SNL) Michael Simpson (INL) Scott Painter (LANL) Hui-Hai Liu (LBNL) Annie B. Kersting (LLNL) July 15, 2011 FCRD-USED-2011-000223 UFD Natural System Evaluation - FY11 Year-End Report July 15, 2011 2 DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe

366

No Sunset and Extended Policies Cases (released in AEO2010)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Reference case is best described as a current laws and regulations case, because it generally assumes that existing laws and fully promulgated regulations will remain unchanged throughout the projection period, unless the legislation establishing them specifically calls for them to end or change. The Reference case often serves as a starting point for the analysis of proposed legislative or regulatory changes, a task that would be difficult if the Reference case included projected legislative or regulatory changes.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

\\{NOx\\} reduction from a large bore natural gas engine via reformed natural gas prechamber fueling optimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lean combustion is a standard approach used to reduce \\{NOx\\} emissions in large bore (35–56 cm) stationary natural gas engines. However, at lean operating points, combustion instabilities and misfires give rise to high total hydrocarbon (THC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions. To counteract this effect, precombustion chamber (PCC) technology is employed to allow engine operation at an overall lean equivalence ratio while mitigating the rise of THC and CO caused by combustion instability and misfires. A PCC is a small chamber, typically 1–2% of the clearance volume. A separate fuel line supplies gaseous fuel to the PCC and a standard spark plug ignites the slightly rich mixture (equivalence ratio 1.1–1.2) in the PCC. The ignited PCC mixture enters the main combustion chamber as a high energy flame jet, igniting the lean mixture in the main chamber. Typically, natural gas fuels both the main chamber and the PCC. In the current research, a mixture of reformed natural gas (syngas) and natural gas fuels the PCC. Syngas is a broad term that refers to a synthetic gaseous fuel. In this case, syngas specifically denotes a mixture of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, nitrogen, and methane generated in a natural gas reformer. Syngas has a faster flame speed and a wider equivalence ratio range of operation than methane. Fueling the PCC with Syngas reduces combustion instabilities and misfires. This extends the overall engine lean limit, enabling further \\{NOx\\} reductions. Research results presented are aimed at quantifying the benefits of syngas PCC fueling. A model is developed to calculate the equivalence ratio in the PCC for different mixtures and flowrates of fuel. An electronic injection valve is used to supply the PCC with syngas. The delivery pressure, injection timing, and flow rate are varied to optimize PCC equivalence ratio. The experimental results show that supplying the PCC with 100% syngas improves combustion stability by 21% compared to natural gas PCC fueling. A comparison at equivalent combustion stability operating points between 100% syngas and natural gas shows an 87% reduction in \\{NOx\\} emissions for 100% syngas PCC fueling compared to natural gas PCC fueling.

Mathew D. Ruter; Daniel B. Olsen; Mark V. Scotto; Mark A. Perna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Commercial Reference Buildings | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Commercial Reference Buildings Jump to: navigation, search DOE developed Commercial Reference Buildings which provide descriptions for whole building analysis using EnergyPlus. There are 16 building types and three categories that apply to all building types. The commercial reference buildings were developed across 16 reference locations. Contents 1 Building Types 2 Construction Categories 3 Climate Zones Used to Create Reference Buildings 4 References Building Types DOE developed 16 Commercial Reference Building Types[1] , which represent approximately 70% of the commercial buildings in the U.S. [2]. Whole

369

Template:Reference | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Template Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Template:Reference Jump to: navigation, search This is the Reference template. To define/cite a new reference using CSE citation format, please use the Reference form. Parameters Name - The name or title of the reference material Document_type - The type of reference material (allowable values) InfographicType - The type of infographic if Info Grahpic/Map/Chart is the selected Document_type ThesisDissertation - Determines thesis or dissertation (Thesis/Dissertation) Authors - Comma delimited list of people who authored the reference material (required for Books, Conference Papers and Proceedings, Journal

370

Form:Reference | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Form Form Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Form:Reference Jump to: navigation, search Input the title of a Reference below. If the reference already exists, you will be able to edit its information. Add/Edit Reference The text entered into this field will be used as the name of the reference; for example, the title of a book or name of the journal article. Example references Claritas Rise, Mars- Pre-Tharsis Magmatism? An Improved Equilibrium-Kinetics Speciation Algorithm For Redox Reactions In Variably Saturated Subsurface Flow Systems True-Temperature Determination Of Geothermal Reservoirs ... further results This form and reference requirements are based on the Council of Science Editors (CSE) (author-date) citation style. For more details about this

371

NATURE STUDY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...last two numbers of SCIENCE have appeared articles by Drs. Wheeler and Chapman on the abuses of nature writing as exemplified...imprint of Rand, IeNally and Co., 1903, and its author is Katherine E. Dopp, of the Extension Division of the Chicago University...

E. C. CASE

1904-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Marketing Mother Nature’s Molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marketing Mother Nature’s Molecules ... Yet molecules made by Mother Nature, or derivatives thereof, still account for nearly half of the drugs on the market. ...

LISA JARVIS

2012-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

373

The Cost of Carbon Capture and Storage for Natural Gas Combined Cycle Power Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Historically, natural gas has been used to provide peak-load power at a relatively high cost per kilowatt-hour during the daytime intervals when electricity demands peak and cannot be supplied wholly by baseload generators. ... (1) This share is projected to grow to 47% by 2035, with natural gas accounting for 60% of new generating capacity additions between 2010 and 2035 in the Department of Energy’s reference case scenario. ... To answer this question we use the LCOE results above to generate a probabilistic difference in cost, recognizing that some parameters should have the same value for plants with and without CCS, such as the power block capital cost, natural gas price, and the plant labor rate. ...

Edward S. Rubin; Haibo Zhai

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

374

Natural Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Power Place Castle Douglas, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip DG7 3XS Sector Services, Wind energy Product Specialists including project managers, ecologists, GIS and mapping experts, construction managers, wind farm designers, geotechnical engineers and land agents who deliver technical and management services. Number of employees 201-500 Phone number +1 (518) 308-0200 Website http://www.naturalpower.com/ References Natural Power[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Natural Power is a company located in Castle Douglas, Scotland, United Kingdom, Saratoga Springs, NY, and other locations worldwide. References Cite error: tags exist, but no tag was found

375

Reference Design Description for a Geologic Repository  

SciTech Connect

One of the current major national environmental problems is the safe disposal of large quantities of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste materials, which are rapidly accumulating throughout the country. These radioactive byproducts are generated as the result of national defense activities and from the generation of electricity by commercial nuclear power plants. At present, spent nuclear fuel is accumulating at over 70 power plant sites distributed throughout 33 states. The safe disposal of these high-level radioactive materials at a central disposal facility is a high national priority. This Reference Design Description explains the current design for a potential geologic repository that may be located at Yucca Mountain in Nevada for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste materials. This document describes a possible design for the three fundamental parts of a repository: a surface facility, subsurface repository, and waste packaging. It also presents the current conceptual design of the key engineering systems for the final four phases of repository processes: operations, monitoring, closure, and postclosure. In accordance with current law, this design does not include an interim storage option. In addition, this Reference Design Description reviews the expected long-term performance of the potential repository. It describes the natural barrier system which, together with the engineered systems, achieves the repository objectives. This design will protect the public and the environment by allowing the safe disposal of radioactive waste received from government-owned custodial spent fuel sites, high-level radioactive waste sites, and commercial power reactor sites. All design elements meet or exceed applicable regulations governing the disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The design will provide safe disposal of waste materials for at least a 10,000 year period. During this time interval, natural radioactive decay of the waste materials will result in fission products that pose a minimal radiological hazard to the public afterward. For example, after 100 years, the relative hazard from the waste fission products will have diminished approximately 90 percent. After 1,000 years, the hazard will have diminished 99 percent, and after 10,000 years it will have diminished 99.9 percent. The resulting radiological hazard after 10,000 years is minimal, being of the same order of magnitude as that posed by 0.2 percent uranium ore, which is equivalent to that which was used to originally produce the nuclear fuel. Because developing such a repository is extremely complex, the design will move forward in three stages: Site Recommendation, License Application, and Construction. This document presents the design as it will be submitted in the Site Recommendation Consideration Report; the design will be updated as the design process moves forward. As more cost-effective solutions, technical advancements, or changes to requirements occur, the design may evolve. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management is developing a system that includes this potential repository. This waste management system integrates acceptance, transportation, storage, and disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. Acceptance and transportation will be handled by regional servicing contractors under contract to the DOE. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission will conduct an in-depth and thorough licensing review to determine the acceptability of the proposed waste management system. Eight sections of this document follow. Section 2 discusses the design requirements for the proposed repository. Section 3 describes the physical layout of the proposed repository. Section 4 describes the evolutionary phases of the development of the proposed repository. Section 5 describes the receipt of waste. Section 6 details the various systems that will package the waste and move it below ground, as well as safety monitoring and closure. Section 7 describes the syst

NA

2000-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

376

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

,366 ,366 95,493 1.08 0 0.00 1 0.03 29,406 0.56 1,206 0.04 20,328 0.64 146,434 0.73 - Natural Gas 1996 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: South Carolina South Carolina 88. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas South Carolina, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ...........................................

377

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0,216 0,216 50,022 0.56 135 0.00 49 1.67 85,533 1.63 8,455 0.31 45,842 1.45 189,901 0.95 - Natural Gas 1996 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: M a r y l a n d Maryland 68. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Maryland, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 9 7 7 7 8 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 33 28 26 22 135 From Oil Wells ...........................................

378

Commercial Reference Buildings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Buildings » Research Projects » Commercial Reference Buildings » Research Projects » Commercial Reference Buildings Commercial Reference Buildings The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories, developed commercial reference buildings, formerly known as commercial building benchmark models. These reference buildings play a critical role in the program's energy modeling software research by providing complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. There are 16 building types that represent approximately 70% of the commercial buildings in the U.S., according to the report published by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory titled U.S. Department of Energy Commercial Reference Building Models of the National Building Stock. These

379

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 The files on this page contain commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. These U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reference buildings are complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis. You can also return to a summary of building types and climate zones and information about other building vintages. These files are updated regularly. There are two versions of these files on this page. Version 1.3_5.0 was updated September 27, 2010 and Version 1.4_7.2 was updated November 13, 2012. You can also view related resources: an archive of past reference buildings files

380

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Emergency Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide JUNE 2009 Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS .................................................................................................................................. i PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

FACILITY MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Facility Facility Maintenance Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide NOVEMBER 2009 Table of Contents i FIGURES...................................................................................................................................... iv TABLES........................................................................................................................................ iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

382

ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Environmental Compliance Qualification Standard Reference Guide DECEMBER 2011 Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

383

ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Restoration Qualification Standard Reference Guide NOVEMBER 2009 i Table of Contents i FIGURES...................................................................................................................................... iv TABLES........................................................................................................................................ iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

384

CRITICALITY SAFETY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Criticality Criticality Safety Qualification Standard Reference Guide APRIL 2011 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1 PREFACE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ......................................................................................................... 2

385

FAQS Reference Guide – Safeguards and Security  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the May 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1171-2009, Safeguards and Security Functional Area Qualification Standard.

386

FAQS Reference Guide – Technical Program Manager  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1178-2004, Technical Program Manager Functional Area Qualification Standard.

387

FAQS Reference Guide – NNSA Package Certification Engineer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1026-2009, NNSA Package Certification Engineer Functional Area Qualification Standard.

388

FAQS Reference Guide – General Technical Base  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the December 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1146-2007, General Technical Base Functional Area Qualification Standard.

389

FAQS Reference Guide – Facility Maintenance Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the April 2014 edition of DOE Standard DOE-STD-1181-2014, Facility Maintenance Management Functional Area Qualification Standard.

390

FAQS Reference Guide – Transportation and Traffic Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the September 2002 edition of DOE-STD-1155-2002, Transportation and Traffic Functional Area Qualification Standard.

391

Recycling in America: A Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and academic libraries, the handbook presents a nontechnicalRecycling in America: A Reference Handbook Patricia Murphy Handbook (Contemporary World Issues

Murphy, Patricia

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

FAQS Reference Guide – Weapon Quality Assurance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the August 2008 edition of DOE-STD-1025-2008, Weapon Quality Assurance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

393

Sandia National Laboratories: Reference Model Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is a partnered effort to develop marine hydrokinetic (MHK) reference models (RMs) for wave energy converters and tidal, ocean, and river current energy converters. The RMP team...

394

Prices for Natural Gas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Prices for Natural Gas Prices for Natural Gas Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Prices for Natural Gas Agency/Company /Organization: Google Sector: Energy Focus Area: Economic Development Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: www.google.com/publicdata/explore?ds=m49d2j928087j_ Country: United States Web Application Link: www.google.com/publicdata/explore?ds=m49d2j928087j_ Cost: Free Northern America Prices for Natural Gas Screenshot References: Public Data Explorer[1] EIA[2] Logo: Prices for Natural Gas Prices for Natural Gas Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet and Percent in U.S. Total Represented by the Price. Overview A graphing tool that displays prices for natural gas dollars per thousand cubic feet and percent in U.S. Total represented by the price, using data

395

FUNDAMENTALS OF ENGINEERING SUPPLIED-REFERENCE HANDBOOK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FUNDAMENTALS OF ENGINEERING SUPPLIED-REFERENCE HANDBOOK National Council of Examiners-1-932613-37-7 Printed in the United States of America April 2010 Revised #12;PREFACE The Fundamentals of Engineering (FE NQRZOHGJH FRYHULQJ WKH UHPDLQGHU RI UHTXLUHG GHJUHH FRXUVHZRUN The FE Supplied-Reference Handbook LV WKH RQO

Ahmad, Sajjad

396

Milli-Q Reference Water Purification System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Milli-Q® Reference Water Purification System The reference for ultrapure water systems EMD the requirements of the most demanding norms. We've achieved all this with a new purification strategy. Water. This water is sent through a small recirculation loop to the POD pak, where a final purification step

Woodall, Jerry M.

397

User Manual Milli-Q Reference System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is intended for use with a Milli-Q® Reference Water Purification System. This User Manual is a guide for use during the installation, normal operation and maintenance of a Milli-Q Reference Water Purification before attempting installation, normal operation or maintenance of the Water Purification System

Woodall, Jerry M.

398

TEMPLATE-BASED HIRE QUICK REFERENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

above, contact the HR Help Desk at 220-5932. Other Job Aids and Quick Reference Guides (QRG) Refer to the following job aids and QRGs on the HR website under Administrators --> Tools and Resources for extra help the Template-Based Hire for approval. If you need help with editing your Template-Based Hire or with the steps

Calgary, University of

399

Archived Reference Building Type: Medium office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

400

Archived Reference Building Type: Medium office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 7 Duluth, Minnesota  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

402

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

403

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 7 Duluth, Minnesota  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

404

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

405

Archived Reference Building Type: Midrise Apartment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

406

Archived Reference Building Type: Midrise Apartment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

407

Health physics research reactor reference dosimetry  

SciTech Connect

Reference neutron dosimetry is developed for the Health Physics Research Reactor (HPRR) in the new operational configuration directly above its storage pit. This operational change was physically made early in CY 1985. The new reference dosimetry considered in this document is referred to as the 1986 HPRR reference dosimetry and it replaces any and all HPRR reference documents or papers issued prior to 1986. Reference dosimetry is developed for the unshielded HPRR as well as for the reactor with each of five different shield types and configurations. The reference dosimetry is presented in terms of three different dose and six different dose equivalent reporting conventions. These reporting conventions cover most of those in current use by dosimetrists worldwide. In addition to the reference neutron dosimetry, this document contains other useful dosimetry-related data for the HPRR in its new configuration. These data include dose-distance measurements and calculations, gamma dose measurements, neutron-to-gamma ratios, ''9-to-3 inch'' ratios, threshold detector unit measurements, 56-group neutron energy spectra, sulfur fluence measurements, and details concerning HPRR shields. 26 refs., 11 figs., 31 tabs.

Sims, C.S.; Ragan, G.E.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

409

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

410

Variability viewpoint to describe reference architectures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reference architectures have emerged as a special type of software architecture that achieves well-recognized understanding of specific domains. Their purpose is therefore to be a guidance for the development, standardization, and evolution of systems ... Keywords: architecture description, reference architecture, variability

Milena Guessi; Flavio Oquendo; Elisa Yumi Nakagawa

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

A data variance technique for automated despiking of magnetotelluric data with a remote reference  

SciTech Connect

The magnetotelluric method employs co-located surface measurements of electric and magnetic fields to infer the local electrical structure of the earth. The frequency-dependent 'apparent resistivity' curves can be inaccurate at long periods if input data are contaminated - even when robust remote reference techniques are employed. Data despiking prior to processing can result in significantly more reliable estimates of long period apparent resistivities. This paper outlines a two-step method of automatic identification and replacement for spike-like contamination of magnetotelluric data; based on the simultaneity of natural electric and magnetic field variations at distant sites. This simultaneity is exploited both to identify windows in time when the array data are compromised, and to generate synthetic data that replace observed transient noise spikes. In the first step, windows in data time series containing spikes are identified via intersite comparison of channel 'activity' - such as the variance of differenced data within each window. In the second step, plausible data for replacement of flagged windows is calculated by Wiener filtering coincident data in clean channels. The Wiener filters - which express the time-domain relationship between various array channels - are computed using an uncontaminated segment of array training data. Examples are shown where the algorithm is applied to artificially contaminated data, and to real field data. In both cases all spikes are successfully identified. In the case of implanted artificial noise, the synthetic replacement time series are very similar to the original recording. In all cases, apparent resistivity and phase curves obtained by processing the despiked data are much improved over curves obtained from raw data.

Kappler, K.

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

Category:Reference Materials | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Category Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Reference Materials (Redirected from Reference Materials) Jump to: navigation, search This is a deprecated subcategory. All Reference Materials will be converted to References. Pages in category "Reference Materials" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 2,265 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 1 10 CFR § 1021 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth 2.8-Ma Ash-Flow Caldera At Chegem River In The Northern Caucasus Mountains (Russia), Contemporaneous Granites, And Associated Ore Deposits 238U Decay Series Systematics Of Young Lavas From Batur Volcano, Sunda Arc 2D Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The Evaluation Of Low Enthalpy Geothermal Fields

413

Property:Reference material | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference material Reference material Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Reference material Property Type Page Description The reference material used or cited in the work, activity or concept which is the subject of the page. Pages using the property "Reference material" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe At Alum Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2010) + Boom And Bust With The Latest 2M Temperature Surveys- Dead Horse Wells, Hawthorne Army Depot, Terraced Hills, And Other Areas In Nevada + 2-M Probe At Astor Pass Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2010) + Boom And Bust With The Latest 2M Temperature Surveys- Dead Horse Wells, Hawthorne Army Depot, Terraced Hills, And Other Areas In Nevada + 2-M Probe At Black Warrior Area (DOE GTP) + GTP ARRA Spreadsheet +

414

Natural Gas | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 23, 2013 May 23, 2013 Secretary Moniz on Natural Gas and Renewables May 17, 2013 Energy Department Authorizes Second Proposed Facility to Export Liquefied Natural Gas Freeport LNG Terminal on Quintana Island, Texas Authorized to Export Liquefied Natural Gas to Non-Free Trade Agreement Countries May 17, 2013 FE DOCKET NO. 10-161-LNG ORDER CONDITIONALLY GRANTING LONG-TERM MULTI-CONTRACT AUTHORIZATION TO EXPORT LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS BY VESSEL FROM THE FREEPORT LNG TERMINAL ON QUINTANA ISLAND, TEXAS TO NON-FREE TRADE AGREEMENT NATIONS April 24, 2013 The new hybrid solar-natural gas system from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) works through concentrating solar power, which uses a reflecting surface to concentrate the sun's rays like a magnifying glass. In the case of the new system from PNNL, a mirrored parabolic dish directs sunbeams to a central point, where a device absorbs the solar heat to make syngas.| Photo courtesy of PNNL.

415

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

68,747 68,747 34,577 0.39 0 0.00 34 1.16 14,941 0.29 0 0.00 11,506 0.36 61,058 0.31 I d a h o Idaho 60. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Idaho, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation.......................... 0 0 0 0 0 Vented

416

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 540 0.01 0 0.00 2,132 0.07 2,672 0.01 H a w a i i Hawaii 59. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Hawaii, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation.......................... 0 0 0 0 0 Vented and Flared

417

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

483,052 483,052 136,722 1.54 6,006 0.03 88 3.00 16,293 0.31 283,557 10.38 41,810 1.32 478,471 2.39 F l o r i d a Florida 57. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Florida, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 47 50 98 92 96 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 7,584 8,011 8,468 7,133 6,706 Total.............................................................. 7,584 8,011 8,468 7,133 6,706 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ...............

418

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

291,898 291,898 113,995 1.29 0 0.00 4 0.14 88,078 1.68 3,491 0.13 54,571 1.73 260,140 1.30 I o w a Iowa 63. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Iowa, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation.......................... 0 0 0

419

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: New England New England 36. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New England, 1992-1996 Table 691,089 167,354 1.89 0 0.00 40 1.36 187,469 3.58 80,592 2.95 160,761 5.09 596,215 2.98 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................

420

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

29,693 29,693 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.20 17,290 0.33 0 0.00 16,347 0.52 33,644 0.17 District of Columbia District of Columbia 56. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas District of Columbia, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

42,980 42,980 14,164 0.16 0 0.00 1 0.03 9,791 0.19 23,370 0.86 6,694 0.21 54,020 0.27 D e l a w a r e Delaware 55. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Delaware, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

422

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-49,536 -49,536 7,911 0.09 49,674 0.25 15 0.51 12,591 0.24 3 0.00 12,150 0.38 32,670 0.16 North Dakota North Dakota 82. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas North Dakota, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 496 525 507 463 462 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 104 101 104 99 108 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 12,461 18,892 19,592 16,914 16,810 From Oil Wells ........................................... 47,518 46,059 43,640 39,760 38,906 Total.............................................................. 59,979 64,951 63,232 56,674 55,716 Repressuring ................................................

423

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

21,547 21,547 4,916 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 7,012 0.13 3 0.00 7,099 0.22 19,031 0.10 N e w H a m p s h i r e New Hampshire 77. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New Hampshire, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

424

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

139,881 139,881 26,979 0.30 463 0.00 115 3.92 27,709 0.53 19,248 0.70 28,987 0.92 103,037 0.52 A r i z o n a Arizona 50. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Arizona, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 6 6 6 7 7 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 721 508 711 470 417 From Oil Wells ........................................... 72 110 48 88 47 Total.............................................................. 794 618 759 558 464 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease

425

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Middle Middle Atlantic Middle Atlantic 37. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Middle Atlantic, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,857 1,981 2,042 1,679 1,928 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 36,906 36,857 26,180 37,159 38,000 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 161,372 152,717 140,444 128,677 152,494 From Oil Wells ........................................... 824 610 539 723 641 Total.............................................................. 162,196 153,327 140,982 129,400 153,134 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed

426

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

386,690 386,690 102,471 1.16 0 0.00 43 1.47 142,319 2.72 5,301 0.19 98,537 3.12 348,671 1.74 M i n n e s o t a Minnesota 71. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Minnesota, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

427

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,108,583 1,108,583 322,275 3.63 298 0.00 32 1.09 538,749 10.28 25,863 0.95 218,054 6.90 1,104,972 5.52 I l l i n o i s Illinois 61. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Illinois, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 382 385 390 372 370 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 337 330 323 325 289 From Oil Wells ........................................... 10 10 10 10 9 Total.............................................................. 347 340 333 335 298 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ...............

428

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

286,485 286,485 71,533 0.81 25 0.00 31 1.06 137,225 2.62 5,223 0.19 72,802 2.31 286,814 1.43 M i s s o u r i Missouri 73. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Missouri, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 5 8 12 15 24 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 27 14 8 16 25 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 27 14 8 16 25 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

429

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

411,951 411,951 100,015 1.13 0 0.00 5 0.17 114,365 2.18 45,037 1.65 96,187 3.05 355,609 1.78 Massachusetts Massachusetts 69. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Massachusetts, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

430

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

226,798 226,798 104,124 1.17 0 0.00 0 0.00 58,812 1.12 2,381 0.09 40,467 1.28 205,783 1.03 North Carolina North Carolina 81. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas North Carolina, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

431

Natural scene statistics based blind image quality assessment in spatial domain.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We propose a natural scene statistic based quality assessment model Refer- enceless Image Spatial QUality Evaluator (RISQUE) which extracts marginal statistics of local normalized luminance… (more)

Mittal, Anish

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Air Impacts of Increased Natural Gas Acquisition, Processing, and Use: A Critical Review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unconventional oil and natural gas development in general is often referred to as “fracking”. ... (89) These include Alaska, North Dakota, New Mexico, and West Virginia. ...

Christopher W. Moore; Barbara Zielinska; Gabrielle Pétron; Robert B. Jackson

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

433

Eletroanalytical studies eletrodegradativos and interaction of agrochemicals synthetic and natural DNA.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente trabalho refere-se ao estudo eletroquímico em meio prótico dos herbicidas Metribuzin (MTZ) e sulfentrazona (STZ), do inseticida natural Safrol (SAF) e seu nitroderivado… (more)

Augusto César de Andrade Lima

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

References, Canceled-7 Section B- April 16 2010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Section contains S&S references arranged as general references and by topical S&S programmatic areas

435

Alaska Department of Natural Resources Land Use Planning Webpage...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Use Planning Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Alaska Department of Natural Resources Land Use Planning Webpage Abstract This...

436

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane and Natural Propane and Natural Gas Safety to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane and Natural Gas Safety The Railroad Commission of Texas regulates the safety of the natural gas and propane industries. (Reference Texas Statutes, Natural Resources Code

437

GENERAL TECHNICAL BASE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General General Technical Base Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2012 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

438

NUCLEAR SAFETY SPECIALIST QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Nuclear Safety Specialist Qualification Standard Reference Guide AUGUST 2008 This page is intentionally blank. i Table of Contents LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

439

Fire Protection Engineering Qualification Standard Reference Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fire Protection Fire Protection Engineering Qualification Standard Reference Guide SEPTEMBER 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. ii PURPOSE.......................................................................................................................................1 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................................1 PREFACE.......................................................................................................................................1 TECHNICAL COMPETENCIES................................................................................................3

440

WASTE MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualification Standard Qualification Standard Reference Guide August 2010 Waste Management This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents iii LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualification Standard Qualification Standard Reference Guide JULY 2011 Occupational Safety This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

442

NEWTON's Environmental and Earth Science References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental and Earth Science References Environmental and Earth Science References Do you have a great reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: >NASA's Earth Science Division NASA's Earth Science Division Find the answers to the big questions of Earth Science such as "How is the World Changing?" The information and articles are provided by NASA's Earth Science Division Geology.com Resources Teaching Earth Science - Geology.com Geology.com provides news and information about Geology and Earth Science. It has a teacher resource section as well, which provides a collection of classroom activities and lesson plans, for earth science in the classroom. IRIS's Seismographs in Schools Program IRIS's Seismographs in Schools Program Discover tools to share seismic data in real-time, classroom activities, and technical support documents for seismic instruments.

443

INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Hygiene Qualification Standard Reference Guide DECEMBER 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

444

Category:Reference Materials | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Reference Materials Jump to: navigation, search This is a deprecated subcategory. All Reference Materials will be converted to References. Pages in category "Reference Materials" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 2,265 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 1 10 CFR § 1021 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth 2.8-Ma Ash-Flow Caldera At Chegem River In The Northern Caucasus Mountains (Russia), Contemporaneous Granites, And Associated Ore Deposits 238U Decay Series Systematics Of Young Lavas From Batur Volcano, Sunda Arc

445

CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction Construction Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide August 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

446

RADIATION PROTECTION QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radiation Radiation Protection Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2009 ii This page intentionally left blank iii Table of Contents LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iv ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS and SYMBOLS ................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

447

Category:References | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:References Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Reference. Subcategories This category has the following 9 subcategories, out of 9 total. B [×] Buildings References‎ G [×] Geothermal References‎ 290 pages H [×] Hydrogen References‎ R [×] Reference Materials‎ 2265 pages S [×] Smart Grid References‎ [×] Solar References‎ 1 pages U [×] Utilities References‎ W [×] Water References‎ 2 pages [×] Wind References‎ 1 pages Pages in category "References" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 295 total. (previous 200) (next 200)

448

AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safety Safety Officer Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2010 i This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents ii LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iii ACRONYMS ............................................................................................................................... iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

449

NETL: Methane Hydrates - Methane Hydrate Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf The Methane Hydrate Reference Shelf was created to provide a repository for information collected from projects funded as part of the National Methane Hydrate R&D Program. As output from the projects is received, it will be reviewed and then placed onto the reference shelf to be available to other methane hydrate researchers. Projects: DOE/NETL Projects : These pages contain detailed information on methane hydrate projects funded through the National Energy Technology Laboratory. Publications: Newsletter | Bibliography | Software | Reports | Program Publications | Photo Gallery Newsletter: Fire in the Ice: A publication highlighting the National Methane Hydrate R&D Program Bibliography: "Project Reports Bibliography"[PDF]: The bibliography lists publications resulting from DOE/NETL-sponsored

450

FAQS Reference Guide – Instrumentation and Control  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the June 2013 edition of DOE-Standard (STD)-1162-2013, Instrumentation and Control Functional Area Qualification Standard.

451

Emergency Responder Radioactive Material Quick Reference Sheet  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This job aid is a quick reference to assist emergency responders in identifying preliminary safety precautions that should be taken during the initial response phase after arrival at the scene of...

452

FAQS Reference Guide – Senior Technical Safety Manager  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the March 2013 edition of DOE-Standard (STD)-1175-2013, Senior Technical Safety Manager Functional Area Qualification Standard.

453

Red Band Needle Blight TERMS OF REFERENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Red Band Needle Blight TERMS OF REFERENCE Purpose 1. The Programme Board has been formed to have an overview of the administration and science of Red Band Needle Blight (RBNB), to underpin decisions made

454

Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference is designed to provide the framework, in conjunction, with the DOE O 329.1 (Excepted Service Authorities for EJ and EK Pay Plans). Specifically, the...

455

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Warehouse  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

456

FAQS Reference Guide – Nuclear Safety Specialist  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the November 2007 edition of DOE Standard DOE-STD-1183-2007, Nuclear Safety Specialist Functional Area Qualification Standard.

457

FAQS Reference Guide – Safety Software Quality Assurance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the (March 2011) edition of DOE-STD-1172-2011, Safety Software Quality Assurance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

458

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Supermarket  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

459

New Construction Commercial Reference Buildings — Archive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

460

Widget:ReferenceEdit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

corrects fields not appearing when an existing reference is edited with the form. This patch overrides the form's built in show on select feature, which has an issue displaying...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

FAQS Reference Guide – Civil/ Structural Engineering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the March 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1182-2004, Civil/Structural Engineering Functional Area Qualification Standard.

462

Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith Software Verification Research Centre, University of Queensland, Australia smith@svrc.uq.edu.au Abstract. Two types of semantics have been given

Smith, Graeme

463

Generating and interpreting referring expressions in context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Referring expressions with vague and ambiguous modifiers, such as "a quick visit" and "the big meeting," are difficult for computers to interpret because their meanings are defined in part by context. For the hearer to ...

Smith, Dustin Arthur

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Electromagnetic Radiation REFERENCE: Remote Sensing of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 CHAPTER 2: Electromagnetic Radiation Principles REFERENCE: Remote Sensing of the Environment John;2 Electromagnetic Energy Interactions Energy recorded by remote sensing systems undergoes fundamental interactions, creating convectional currents in the atmosphere. c) Electromagnetic energy in the form of electromagnetic

Gilbes, Fernando

465

TECHNICAL TRAINING QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technical Technical Training Qualification Standard Reference Guide December 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iii PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

466

WEAPONS QUALITY ASSURANCE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weapon Weapon Quality Assurance Qualification Standard Reference Guide AUGUST 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

467

SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Security Qualification Standard Reference Guide OCTOBER 2010 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1 PREFACE ...................................................................................................................................... 1

468

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

73,669 73,669 141,300 1.59 221,822 1.12 3 0.10 46,289 0.88 33,988 1.24 31,006 0.98 252,585 1.26 A r k a n s a s Arkansas 51. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Arkansas, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,750 1,552 1,607 1,563 1,470 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 3,500 3,500 3,500 3,988 4,020 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 171,543 166,273 161,967 161,390 182,895 From Oil Wells ........................................... 39,364 38,279 33,446 33,979 41,551 Total.............................................................. 210,906 204,552 195,413 195,369 224,446 Repressuring ................................................

469

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-1,080,240 -1,080,240 201,024 2.27 1,734,887 8.78 133 4.54 76,629 1.46 136,436 4.99 46,152 1.46 460,373 2.30 O k l a h o m a Oklahoma 84. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Oklahoma, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 13,926 13,289 13,487 13,438 13,074 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 28,902 29,118 29,121 29,733 29,733 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 1,674,405 1,732,997 1,626,858 1,521,857 1,467,695 From Oil Wells ........................................... 342,950 316,945 308,006 289,877 267,192 Total.............................................................. 2,017,356 2,049,942 1,934,864

470

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7,038,115 7,038,115 3,528,911 39.78 13,646,477 69.09 183 6.24 408,861 7.80 1,461,718 53.49 281,452 8.91 5,681,125 28.40 West South Central West South Central 42. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West South Central, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 87,198 84,777 88,034 88,734 62,357 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 92,212 95,288 94,233 102,525 102,864 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 11,599,913 11,749,649 11,959,444 11,824,788 12,116,665 From Oil Wells ........................................... 2,313,831 2,368,395 2,308,634 2,217,752 2,151,247 Total..............................................................

471

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

77,379 77,379 94,481 1.07 81,435 0.41 8 0.27 70,232 1.34 1,836 0.07 40,972 1.30 207,529 1.04 K e n t u c k y Kentucky 65. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Kentucky, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,084 1,003 969 1,044 983 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 12,483 12,836 13,036 13,311 13,501 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 79,690 86,966 73,081 74,754 81,435 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 79,690 86,966 73,081 74,754 81,435 Repressuring ................................................

472

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-67,648 -67,648 75,616 0.85 480,828 2.43 0 0.00 16,720 0.32 31,767 1.16 29,447 0.93 153,549 0.77 Pacific Noncontiguous Pacific Noncontiguous 45. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Pacific Noncontiguous, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 9,638 9,907 9,733 9,497 9,294 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 112 113 104 100 102 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 198,603 190,139 180,639 179,470 183,747 From Oil Wells ........................................... 2,427,110 2,588,202 2,905,261 3,190,433 3,189,837 Total.............................................................. 2,625,713 2,778,341

473

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-310,913 -310,913 110,294 1.24 712,796 3.61 2 0.07 85,376 1.63 22,607 0.83 57,229 1.81 275,508 1.38 K a n s a s Kansas 64. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Kansas, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 9,681 9,348 9,156 8,571 7,694 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 18,400 19,472 19,365 22,020 21,388 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 580,572 605,578 628,900 636,582 629,755 From Oil Wells ........................................... 79,169 82,579 85,759 86,807 85,876 Total.............................................................. 659,741 688,157 714,659 723,389 715,631 Repressuring ................................................

474

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

819,046 819,046 347,043 3.91 245,740 1.24 40 1.36 399,522 7.62 32,559 1.19 201,390 6.38 980,555 4.90 M i c h i g a n Michigan 70. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Michigan, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,223 1,160 1,323 1,294 2,061 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 3,257 5,500 6,000 5,258 5,826 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 120,287 126,179 136,989 146,320 201,123 From Oil Wells ........................................... 80,192 84,119 91,332 97,547 50,281 Total.............................................................. 200,479 210,299 228,321 243,867 251,404 Repressuring ................................................

475

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W W y o m i n g -775,410 50,253 0.57 666,036 3.37 14 0.48 13,534 0.26 87 0.00 9,721 0.31 73,609 0.37 Wyoming 98. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Wyoming, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 10,826 10,933 10,879 12,166 12,320 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 3,111 3,615 3,942 4,196 4,510 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 751,693 880,596 949,343 988,671 981,115 From Oil Wells ........................................... 285,125 142,006 121,519 111,442 109,434 Total.............................................................. 1,036,817 1,022,602 1,070,862 1,100,113 1,090,549 Repressuring

476

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-67,648 -67,648 75,616 0.85 480,828 2.43 0 0.00 16,179 0.31 31,767 1.16 27,315 0.86 150,877 0.75 A l a s k a Alaska 49. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Alaska, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 9,638 9,907 9,733 9,497 9,294 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 112 113 104 100 102 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 198,603 190,139 180,639 179,470 183,747 From Oil Wells ........................................... 2,427,110 2,588,202 2,905,261 3,190,433 3,189,837 Total.............................................................. 2,625,713 2,778,341 3,085,900 3,369,904 3,373,584 Repressuring

477

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

628,189 628,189 449,511 5.07 765,699 3.88 100 3.41 528,662 10.09 39,700 1.45 347,721 11.01 1,365,694 6.83 West North Central West North Central 39. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West North Central, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 10,177 9,873 9,663 9,034 8,156 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 18,569 19,687 19,623 22,277 21,669 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 594,551 626,728 651,594 655,917 648,822 From Oil Wells ........................................... 133,335 135,565 136,468 134,776 133,390 Total.............................................................. 727,886 762,293

478

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,048,760 1,048,760 322,661 3.64 18,131 0.09 54 1.84 403,264 7.69 142,688 5.22 253,075 8.01 1,121,742 5.61 N e w Y o r k New York 80. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New York, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 329 264 242 197 232 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 5,906 5,757 5,884 6,134 6,208 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 22,697 20,587 19,937 17,677 17,494 From Oil Wells ........................................... 824 610 539 723 641 Total.............................................................. 23,521 21,197 20,476 18,400 18,134 Repressuring ................................................

479

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,554,530 1,554,530 311,229 3.51 3,094,431 15.67 442 15.08 299,923 5.72 105,479 3.86 210,381 6.66 927,454 4.64 Mountain Mountain 43. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Mountain, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 38,711 38,987 37,366 39,275 38,944 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 30,965 34,975 38,539 38,775 41,236 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 2,352,729 2,723,393 3,046,159 3,131,205 3,166,689 From Oil Wells ........................................... 677,771 535,884 472,397 503,986 505,903 Total.............................................................. 3,030,499 3,259,277 3,518,556

480

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,592,465 1,592,465 716,648 8.08 239,415 1.21 182 6.21 457,792 8.73 334,123 12.23 320,153 10.14 1,828,898 9.14 South Atlantic South Atlantic 40. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas South Atlantic, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 3,307 3,811 4,496 4,427 4,729 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 39,412 35,149 41,307 37,822 36,827 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 206,766 208,892 234,058 236,072 233,409 From Oil Wells ........................................... 7,584 8,011 8,468 7,133 6,706 Total.............................................................. 214,349 216,903 242,526 243,204 240,115

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reference case natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,999,161 1,999,161 895,529 10.10 287,933 1.46 1,402 47.82 569,235 10.86 338,640 12.39 308,804 9.78 2,113,610 10.57 Pacific Contiguous Pacific Contiguous 44. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Pacific Contiguous, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 3,896 3,781 3,572 3,508 2,082 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 1,142 1,110 1,280 1,014 996 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 156,635 124,207 117,725 96,329 88,173 From Oil Wells ........................................... 294,800 285,162 282,227 289,430 313,581 Total.............................................................. 451,435 409,370

482

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-122,394 -122,394 49,997 0.56 178,984 0.91 5 0.17 37,390 0.71 205 0.01 28,025 0.89 115,622 0.58 West Virginia West Virginia 96. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West Virginia, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 2,356 2,439 2,565 2,499 2,703 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 38,250 33,716 39,830 36,144 35,148 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... E 182,000 171,024 183,773 186,231 178,984 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. E 182,000 171,024 183,773 186,231 178,984 Repressuring ................................................

483

Price of Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

12312014 Next Release Date: 1302015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Country U.S. Price of Compressedd Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit U.S. LNG Imports from...

484

Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Date: 12312014 Next Release Date: 1302015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Country U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit U.S. LNG Imports from...

485

Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Date: 10312014 Next Release Date: 11282014 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry U.S. LNG Imports...

486

Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Canada (Dollars...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Date: 10312014 Next Release Date: 11282014 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country U.S. Price of Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry U.S. LNG Imports...

487

Restoration of semi-natural forest after clearcutting of conifer plantations in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We reviewed recent studies on the restoration of semi-natural forests after clearcutting of conifer plantations with specific reference to the importance ... restoration. For the restoration of semi-natural forests

Hiromi Yamagawa; Satoshi Ito; Toshio Nakao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Upstream Financial Review of the Global Oil and Natural Gas Industry 2013  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This analysis focuses on financial and operating trends of the oil and natural gas production business segment, often referred to as upstream operations, of 42 global oil and natural gas producing companies

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

NATURAL GAS MARKET ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION NATURAL GAS MARKET ASSESSMENT PRELIMINARY RESULTS In Support.................................................................................... 6 Chapter 2: Natural Gas Demand.................................................................................................. 10 Chapter 3: Natural Gas Supply

490

,"Missouri Natural Gas Summary"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas Wells (MMcf)","Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (MMcf)","Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)","Missouri Natural...

491

HPLC of Biopolymers, Pharmaceuticals, and Natural Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Natural Products Yu Weile Li Ping Lanzhou Institute of Chemical...Wei-Lu Yu) and Li Ping Lanzhou Institute of Chemical...Quang et al. (40) and Jin et al. (41) investigated...separated, refer to Table XI Spherisorb C6 H1 4 -C2...114-16 (1985). 209. Li Ping, Z h a n g R e n b i......

Yu Weile; Li Ping; Zhang Renbin

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

EIA - AEO2010 - No Sunset and Extended Policies cases  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

No Sunset and Extended Policies cases No Sunset and Extended Policies cases Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 No Sunset and Extended Policies cases Background The AEO2010 Reference case is best described as a “current laws and regulations” case, because it generally assumes that existing laws and fully promulgated regulations will remain unchanged throughout the projection period, unless the legislation establishing them specifically calls for them to end or change. The Reference case often serves as a starting point for the analysis of proposed legislative or regulatory changes, a task that would be difficult if the Reference case included “projected” legislative or regulatory changes. As might be expected, it is sometimes difficult to draw a line between what should be included or excluded from the Reference case. Areas of particular uncertainty include:

493

Market Digest: Natural Gas  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Energy Information Administration's Natural Gas Market Digest provides information and analyses on all aspects of natural gas markets.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Sunday Energy Ltd Sunday Nature Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sunday Energy Ltd Sunday Nature Power Sunday Energy Ltd Sunday Nature Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Sunday Energy Ltd (Sunday Nature Power) Place Ra'anana, Israel Zip 43501 Sector Solar Product The company supply solar PV power solutions to businesses and private houses and assemble the systems. References Sunday Energy Ltd (Sunday Nature Power)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Sunday Energy Ltd (Sunday Nature Power) is a company located in Ra'anana, Israel . References ↑ "Sunday Energy Ltd (Sunday Nature Power)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Sunday_Energy_Ltd_Sunday_Nature_Power&oldid=351769" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

495

Case Numbers: TBH-0063, TBZ-0063  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 21, 2008 May 21, 2008 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Motion To Dismiss Name of Case: Richard L. Urie Dates of Filing: May 15, 2007 July 19, 2007 Case Numbers: TBH-0063 TBZ-0063 This Decision concerns a Complaint filed by Richard L. Urie (hereinafter referred to as "Mr. Urie" or "the Complainant") against Los Alamos National Laboratory (hereinafter referred to as "LANL" or "the Respondent"), his former employer, under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor

496

Commercial Reference Building: Hospital | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

09 09 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278309 Varnish cache server Commercial Reference Building: Hospital Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Hospital for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

497

Annual Energy Outlook 2000 - Table G1 - Summary of the AEO2000 Cases  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AEO2000 Cases AEO2000 Cases Case name Description Integration mode Reference in text Reference in Appendix G Reference Baseline economic growth, world oil price, and technology assumptions Fully integrated — — Low Economic Growth Gross domestic product grows at an average annual rate of 1.7 percent, compared to the reference case growth of 2.2 percent. Fully integrated p. 49 — High Economic Growth Gross domestic product grows at an average annual rate of 2.6 percent, compared to the reference case growth of 2.2 percent. Fully integrated p. 49 — Low World Oil Price World oil prices are $14.90 per barrel in 2020, compared to $22.04 per barrel in the reference case. Fully integrated p. 50 — High World Oil Price World oil prices are $28.04 per barrel in 2020, compared to $22.04 per barrel in the reference case.

498

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

499

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

500

NETL: Innovations for Existing Plants - Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf Innovations for Existing Plants Reference Shelf Program Overview Overview Publications: IEP, Recent Accomplishments Report - [PDF-1.3MB] (Oct 2007) IEP Roadmap & Program Plan [PDF-1.2MB] (May 2006) DOE/NETL'S Innovations for Existing Plants R&D Program [PDF-42KB] (Feb 2005) Improving the Environmental Performance of Today's Coal-Fired Power Plants This paper provides an overview of the Innovations for Existing Plants (IEP) Program, managed by the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory. IEP develops advanced low-cost environmental control technologies for the existing fleet of coal-fired power plants, specifically focusing on the development of advanced mercury, NOx, PM, and acid gas emission control technology. Research is also directed at the characterization and beneficial use of coal utilization byproducts as well as at emerging electric-utility and water issues.