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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Minimizing the sulphur content in Kraft lignin.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The aim of this project is to investigate the possibilities of minimizing the sulphur content in Kraft lignin. Kraft lignin contains about 1.5 to… (more)

Svensson, Sara

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Modification of lignin content and composition in plants  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Plants and methods of preparing plants having reduced lignin content and/or altered lignin composition are provided. The activities of caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase and/or caffeic acid O-methyltransferase enzymes in the modified plants are reduced.

Ye, Zheng-Hua (Athens, GA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Plants with modified lignin content and methods for production thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides methods for decreasing lignin content and for increasing the level of fermentable carbohydrates in plants by down-regulation of the NST transcription factor. Nucleic acid constructs for down-regulation of NST are described. Transgenic plants are provided that comprise reduced lignin content. Plants described herein may be used, for example, as improved biofuel feedstock and as highly digestible forage crops. Methods for processing plant tissue and for producing ethanol by utilizing such plants are also provided.

Zhao, Qiao; Chen, Fang; Dixon, Richard A.

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

4

Differential detection of genetic loci underlying stem and root lignin content in Populus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For simultaneous applications directed towards improved pulp yields, enhanced bioethanol production and increased carbon sequestration, it would be desirable to reduce lignin in the harvested stem while increasing the lignin content in nonharvested roots. In this study, we established a comprehensive genetic map with a large number of progeny from a three-generation hybrid Populus intercross, and phenotyped the lignin content, S/G ratio and 28 cell wall subcomponents both in stems and roots for the mapping individuals. Phenotypic analysis revealed that lignin content and syringyl-to-guaiacyl (S/G) ratio using pyrolysis molecular beam mass spectroscopy (pyMBMS) varied among mapping individuals. Phenotypic analysis revealed that stem lignin content is significantly higher than that in root and the quantified traits can be classified into four distinct groups, with strong correlations observed among components within organs. Altogether, 179 coordinating QTLs were detected, and they were co-localized into 49 genetic loci, 27 of which appear to be pleiotropic. Many of the detected genetic loci were detected differentially in stem and root. This is the first report of separate genetic loci controlling cell wall phenotypes above and below ground. These results suggest that it may be possible to modify lignin content and composition via breed and/or engineer as a means of simultaneously improving Populus for cellulosic ethanol production and carbon sequestration.

Tuskan, Gerald A [ORNL; Yin, Tongming [ORNL; Zhang, Xinye [ORNL; Gunter, Lee E [ORNL; Ranjan, Priya [ORNL; Sykes, Robert [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Davis, Dr. Mark F. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

On the Inside How Low Can Lignin Go?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Inside How Low Can Lignin Go? Reducing the lignin content of plants has long been a goal of plant biotech- nology. Lignin is an unwanted product in the pulp and paper industry because it increases. Moreover, reducing the lignin content of the raw biomass material may allow more efficient hydrolysis

Kachroo, Pradeep

6

Lignin studies of transgenic Norway spruce.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An attractive objective in tree breeding is to reduce the content of lignin, or increase its extractability, to favor delignification during pulping. This study investigates… (more)

Wadenbäck, Johan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Rapid Determination of Lignin Content via Direct Dissolution and 1HNMR Analysis of Plant Cell Walls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

02/cssc.201000120 02/cssc.201000120 Rapid Determination of Lignin Content via Direct Dissolution and 1 H NMR Analysis of Plant Cell Walls Nan Jiang, [a, b] Yunqiao Pu, [b] and Arthur J. Ragauskas* [a, b] Increasing societal demand for environmental and economic sustainability is placing a renewed focus on the agro-forest in- dustry. This industry plays an essential role in the development of renewable energy and biofuels, especially in light of grow- ing concerns related to energy security and climate change. [1] The economical transformation of differing sources of biomass into biofuels has become a global research theme, directed at displacing nonrenewable petroluem-based resources to reduce long-term carbon dioxide emissions. [2] Although most current bioethanol and biodiesel plants represent first-generation biorefi- neries, utilizing readily processa- ble bioresources such as

8

An advanced understanding of the specific effects of xylan and surface lignin contents on enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, chemical pulping techniques were applied to create a set of biomass substrates with intact lignocellulosic fibers and controlled morphological and chemical properties to allow the investigation of the individual effects of xylan and surface lignin content on enzymatic hydrolysis. A high resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy technique was established for quantifying surface lignin content on lignocellulosic biomass substrates. The results from this study show that, apart from its hindrance effect, xylan can facilitate cellulose fibril swelling and thus create more accessible surface area, which improves enzyme and substrate interactions. Surface lignin has a direct impact on enzyme adsorption kinetics and hydrolysis rate. Advanced understanding of xylan and surface lignin effects provides critical information for developing more effective biomass conversion process.

Xiaohui Ju; Mark Engelhard; Xiao Zhang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Modulating lignin in plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Materials and methods for modulating (e.g., increasing or decreasing) lignin content in plants are disclosed. For example, nucleic acids encoding lignin-modulating polypeptides are disclosed as well as methods for using such nucleic acids to generate transgenic plants having a modulated lignin content.

Apuya, Nestor; Bobzin, Steven Craig; Okamuro, Jack; Zhang, Ke

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

10

Biologically produced acid precipitable polymeric lignin  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A water soluble, acid precipitable polymeric degraded lignin (APPL), having a molecular weight of at least 12,000 daltons, and comprising, by percentage of total weight, at least three times the number of phenolic hydroxyl groups and carboxylic acid groups present in native lignin. The APPL may be modified by chemical oxidation and reduction to increase its phenolic hydroxyl content and reduce the number of its antioxidant inhibitory side chains, thereby improving antioxidant properties.

Crawford, Don L. (Moscow, ID); Pometto, III, Anthony L. (Moscow, ID)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Interactions of Lignin and Hemicellulose and Effects on Biomass Deconstruction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cellulase to cellulose and lignin for poplar solids producedB, Keller M, et al. Lignin content in natural Populus15):6300-5. Chen F, Dixon RA. Lignin modification improves

Li, Hongjia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Preparation and Analysis of Biomass Lignins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin, comprised primarily of three randomly polymerized phenylpropenyl monomers, is, arguably, the second most common organic molecule on earth. In current biorefinery applications, lignin is burned, usually in concentrated pulping or hydrolysis liquor, as a source of process steam and both internal and exported electricity. The aromatic content of lignin makes it a potentially attractive feedstock for highly-valued aromatic chemicals, polymers, and carbon products (graphite, activated carbon, and carbon fiber). Revenue from production of lignin-based chemicals could play a major role in biorefinery profitability if cost-effective methods for lignin separation and purification can be developed. This article presents descriptions of methods for assessing and purifying biorefinery lignins so that they can be evaluated for use as feedstocks for production of chemical products. Areas covered are: 1) initial evaluations of as-received lignin samples (visual, microscopic, separable organics), 2) analysis of common contaminants (bulk and filterable ash and particulate contaminants in liquid and dry lignin samples), 3) preparation of lignins for experimental use as chemical feedstocks (prefiltration, filtration using bench-scale chemical apparatus and larger scale bag filters, one-step lignin precipitation, two-step carbohydrate and lignin precipitation, desalting of dry powdered or precipitated lignin, and lyophilization). These methods have been used successfully at bench-scale to produce the 1 50 kg amounts of wood and grass lignins typically required for bench-scale assessment as chemical feedstocks

Compere, A L [ORNL; Griffith, William {Bill} L [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Bacterial extracellular lignin peroxidase  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A newly discovered lignin peroxidase enzyme is provided. The enzyme is obtained from a bacterial source and is capable of degrading the lignin portion of lignocellulose in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme is extracellular, oxidative, inducible by lignin, larch wood xylan, or related substrates and capable of attacking certain lignin substructure chemical bonds that are not degradable by fungal lignin peroxidases.

Crawford, Donald L. (Moscow, ID); Ramachandra, Muralidhara (Moscow, ID)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Bacterial extracellular lignin peroxidase  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

DNA constructs are provided for the production of Streptomyces lignin peroxidase. The enzyme finds use in the degradation of lignin and oxidation of organic substrates.

Crawford, Donald L. (Moscow, ID); Ramachandra, Muralidhara (Wilmington, DE)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Bacterial extracellular lignin peroxidase  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

DNA constructs are provided for the production of Streptomyces lignin peroxidase. The enzyme finds use in the degradation of lignin and oxidation of organic substrates.

Crawford, D.L.; Ramachandra, M.

1993-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

16

Composition and biological degradability of lignin modified transgenic plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Composition and biological degradability of lignin modified transgenic plants MA Bernard Vailhé, JM The influence of lignin quality on cell wall degradation was studied using, as model plants, control (C matter (DM) and lignin content were determined according to Jarrige (1961, Ann Biol Anim Biophys, 1, 163

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

17

Preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes, Bulgaria M. Stefanova, O. Maman, B, Orleans Cedex 2, France Abstract Contents of preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes were determined. Phenol aldehydes, ketones and acids released from lignin by CuO oxidative

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

18

Solvent Fractionation of Lignin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is a highly abundant source of renewable carbon that can be considered as a valuable sustainable source of biobased materials. The major issues for the commercial production of value added high performance lignin products are lignin s physical and chemical heterogenities. To overcome these problems, a variety of procedures have been developed to produce pure lignin suitable for high performace applications such as lignin-derived carbon materials. However, most of the isolation procedures affect lignin s properties and structure. In this chapter, a short review of the effect of solvent fractionation on lignin s properties and structure is presented.

Chatterjee, Sabornie [ORNL; Saito, Tomonori [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Lignin | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lignin Lignin Jump to: navigation, search Lignin.jpg What is Lignin? Lignin is the fiber in our food, the thing that makes vegetables crunchy and firm. It is a polymer found extensively in the cell walls of all woody plants, Lignin, one of the most abundant natural polymers, constitutes one-fourth to one-third of the total dry weight of trees. It combines with hemicellulose materials to help bind the cells together and direct water flow. Lignin is formed by removal of water from sugars to create aromatic structures. These reactions are not reversible. Lignin resists attack by most microorganisms, and anaerobic processes tend not to attack the aromatic rings at all. Aerobic breakdown of lignin is slow and may take many days. Lignin is nature's cement along with hemicellulose to exploit

20

Lignin removal and benzene–alcohol extraction effects on lignin measurements of the hydrothermal pretreated bamboo substrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lignin content of hydrothermal pretreated bamboo chips was determined by the two methods: TAPPI standard method (222om-06) and TAPPI standard method without benzene–alcohol extraction (BAE). The results showed that including BAE resulted in lower Klason lignin (KL) and acid soluble lignin (ASL) measurements in the prehydrolyzed substrate, that is to say, BAE removed parts of KL and ASL. Therefore, the TAPPI standard method should be modified by omitting the BAE for lignin measurements of pretreated substrate. The following lignin removal analysis suggested that lignin was removed from the bamboo substrate during pretreatment by a combination of degradation reaction and deconstruction; thereafter the pseudo lignin generated in the hydrothermal pretreatment and condensation reaction between the lignin fragments accounted for the later KL increase.

X.J. Ma; S.L. Cao; X.F. Yang; L. Lin; L.H. Chen; L.L. Huang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Process for production of synthesis gas with reduced sulfur content  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for the partial oxidation of a sulfur- and silicate-containing carbonaceous fuel to produce a synthesis gas with reduced sulfur content which comprises partially oxidizing said fuel at a temperature in the range of 1800.degree.-2200.degree. F. in the presence of a temperature moderator, an oxygen-containing gas and a sulfur capture additive which comprises an iron-containing compound portion and a sodium-containing compound portion to produce a synthesis gas comprising H.sub.2 and CO with a reduced sulfur content and a molten slag which comprises (i) a sulfur-containing sodium-iron silicate phase and (ii) a sodium-iron sulfide phase. The sulfur capture additive may optionally comprise a copper-containing compound portion.

Najjar, Mitri S. (Hopewell Junction, NY); Corbeels, Roger J. (Wappingers Falls, NY); Kokturk, Uygur (Wappingers Falls, NY)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Development of Lignin-Based Polyurethane Thermoplastics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In our continued effort to develop value-added thermoplastics from lignin, here we report utilizing a tailored feedstock to synthesize mechanically robust thermoplastic polyurethanes at very high lignin contents (75 65 wt %). The molecular weight and glass transition temperature (Tg) of lignin were altered through cross-linking with formaldehyde. The cross-linked lignin was coupled with diisocyanate-based telechelic polybutadiene as a network-forming soft segment. The appearance of two Tg s, around 35 and 154 C, for the polyurethanes indicates the existence of two-phase morphology, a characteristic of thermoplastic copolymers. A calculated Flory-Huggins interaction parameter of 7.71 also suggests phase immiscibility in the synthesized lignin polyurethanes. An increase in lignin loading increased the modulus, and an increase in crosslink-density increased the modulus in the rubbery plateau region of the thermoplastic. This path for synthesis of novel lignin-based polyurethane thermoplastics provides a design tool for high performance lignin-based biopolymers.

Saito, Tomonori [ORNL] [ORNL; Perkins, Joshua H [ORNL] [ORNL; Jackson, Daniel C [ORNL] [ORNL; Trammell, Neil E [ORNL] [ORNL; Hunt, Marcus A [ORNL] [ORNL; Naskar, Amit K [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Role of Lignin in Reducing Life-Cycle Carbon Emissions, Water Use, and Cost for United States Cellulosic Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The grid electricity offset credits alone can reduce the life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint of cellulosic ethanol by up to 20 g CO2e/MJ ethanol, in some cases resulting in a net negative GHG footprint. ... Case 2 represents a system in which the solids boiler and steam turbine from case 1 remain operational, but imported natural gas is used to operate an additional 65 MW gas turbine, resulting in a net power output of 50 MW. ... In each case, the capital costs for gas turbines are calculated on the basis of the gross power output rating. ...

Corinne D. Scown; Amit A. Gokhale; Paul A. Willems; Arpad Horvath; Thomas E. McKone

2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

24

EFFECTS OF COFIRING LIGNIN AND BIOSOLIDS WITH COAL ON FIRESIDE PERFORMANCE AND COMBUSTION PRODUCTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin, derived from municipal solid waste and biosolid feedstocks using Masada Resource Group's patented CES OxyNol{trademark} process, and acidified biosolids were evaluated as supplemental fuels with coal for producing steam and electricity. Tests were conducted in a pilot-scale (550,000-Btu/hr [580-MJ/hr]) combustion system to evaluate the effects of coal characteristics, blend mixture (on a dry wt% basis) and furnace exit gas temperature (FEGT) on boiler heat-exchange surface slagging and fouling, NO{sub x} and SO{sub x} production, fly ash characteristics, and combustion efficiency. The effects of blending lignin and acidified biosolids with coal on fuel handling and pulverization characteristics were also addressed. An 80 wt% Colorado--20 wt% subbituminous Powder River Basin coal blend from the Tennessee Valley Authority Colbert Steam Plant, hereafter referred to as the Colbert coal, and a bituminous Pittsburgh No. 8 coal were tested. The lignin and acidified biosolids were characterized by possessing higher moisture content and lower carbon, hydrogen, and heating values relative to the coals. Ash contents of the fuels were similar. The lignin also possessed higher concentrations of TiO{sub 2}, CaO, and SO{sub 3} and lower concentrations of SiO{sub 2}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, K{sub 2}O, and N relative to the coals. The sulfur content of lignin could be reduced through a more thorough washing and drying of the lignin in an efficient commercial-scale dewatering device. Acidified biosolids were distinguished by higher concentrations of P{sub 2}O{sub 5} and MgO and lower SiO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} relative to the other fuels. Trace element concentrations, especially for Cr, Pb, Hg, and Ni, were generally greater in the lignin and acidified biosolid fuels relative to the Colbert coal. Maximum trace element emission factors were calculated for 95:5 Colbert coal--lignin and 90:5:5 Colbert coal--lignin--acidified biosolid blends and compared to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency emission factors for pulverized coal-fired units that are unequipped with pollution control devices. Calculated maximum trace element emission factors for the fuel blends were generally less than or within the range of those for the uncontrolled coal-fired units, except for Cr and Pb which were greater.

Kevin C. Galbreath

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

p-Hydroxyphenyl (H) Units Lower the Degree of Polymerization in Lignin: Chemical Control in Lignin Biosynthesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin, composed predominantly of p-hydroxyphenyl (H), guaiacyl (G) and syringyl (S) subunits, is a major component of plant cell walls that imparts resistance toward chemical and microbial deconstruction of plant biomass, rendering its conversion inefficient and costly. Previous studies have shown that alterating lignin composition, i.e., the relative abundance of H, G and S subunits, promises more efficient extraction of sugars from plant biomass. Smaller and less branched lignin chains are more easily extracted during pretreatment, making cellulose more readily degradable. Here, using density functional theory calculations, we show that the incorporation of H subunits into lignin via b-b and b-5 interunit linkages reduces the degree of polymerization in lignin. Frontier molecular orbital analyses of lignin dimers and trimers show that H as a terminal subunit on a growing lignin polymer linked via b-b and b-5 linkage cannot undergo radical formation, preventing further chain growth by endwise polymerization resulting in lignin polymers with lower degree of polymerization. These results indicate that, for endwise polymerization in lignin synthesis, there exists a chemical control that may lay a significant role in determining the structure of lignin.

Sangha, A. K.; Parks, J. M.; Davis, M. F.; Smith, J. C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Lignin Fast Pyrolysis: Results from an International Collaboration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An international study of fast pyrolysis of lignin was undertaken. Fourteen laboratories in eight different countries contributed. Two lignin samples were distributed to the laboratories for analysis and bench-scale process testing in fast pyrolysis. Analyses included proximate and ultimate analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, and analytical pyrolysis. The bench-scale test included bubbling fluidized bed reactors and entrained flow systems. Based on the results of the various analyses and tests it was concluded that a concentrated lignin (estimated at about 50% lignin and 50% cellulose) behaved like a typical biomass, producing a slightly reduced amount of a fairly typical bio-oil, while a purified lignin material was difficult to process in the fast pyrolysis reactors and produced a much lower amount of a different kind of bio-oil. It was concluded that for highly concentrated lignin feedstocks new reactor designs will be required other than the typical fluidized bed fast pyrolysis systems.

Nowakowski, Daniel J.; Bridgwater, Anthony V.; Elliott, Douglas C.; Meier, Dietrich; de Wild, Paul

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

The fate of lignin during hydrothermal pretreatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH Open Access The fate of lignin during hydrothermalbiomass benefits from lignin removal, relocation, and/ormay all influence these lignin changes. To better understand

Trajano, Heather L; Engle, Nancy L; Foston, Marcus; Ragauskas, Arthur J; Tschaplinski, Timothy J; Wyman, Charles E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Evidence supporting dissimilatory and assimilatory lignin degradation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Evidence supporting dissimilatory and assimilatory lignin degradation in Enterobacter lignolyticus SCF1. Evidence supporting dissimilatory and assimilatory lignin degradation in...

29

Factors affecting properties of pork sausage patties made with reduced salt contents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS AFFECTING PROPERTIES OF PORK SAUSAGE PATTIES MADE WITH REDUCED SALT CONTENTS A Thesis by ROBERT GERARD MATLOCK Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology FACTORS AFFECTING PROPERTIES OF PORK SAUSAGE PATTIES MADE MITH REDUCED SALT CONTENTS A Thesis by ROBERT GERARD MATLOCK Approved as to style and content by: erre (Co...

Matlock, Robert Gerard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

30

Catalytic Hydrolytic Cleavage and Oxy-Cleavage of Lignin Linkages  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, new strategies involving organic bases were evaluated to depolymerize lignin to reduced molecular fragments in aqueous medium. NaOH as an inorganic base was also investigated as a reference. Full nature lignin samples are used for the study. As research tools to unravel the complexity of the macro lignin structure and bulky molecular size under this study, size exclusion chromatography and high resolution mass spectrometric analysis, typically used for protein characterizations, were used to follow the progress of lignin depolymerisation by measuring the molecular weight distribution of the products and determining the key molecular fingerprints, respectively. The results show that sodium phenoxide and guanidine carbonate are effective catalysts for lignin depolymerization. It is observed that there exists a synergism between H2O2 and the organic base, which is strongest with guanidine carbonate.

Xia, Guanguang; Chen, Baowei; Zhang, Rui; Zhang, Z. Conrad

2014-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

31

EgMYB2, a new transcriptional activator from Eucalyptus xylem, regulates secondary cell wall formation and lignin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

formation and lignin biosynthesis Monica Goicoechea1, , Eric Lacombe1, , Sylvain Legay1 , Snjezana-localizes with a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for lignin content. Recombinant EgMYB2 protein was able to bind specifically the cis-regulatory regions of the promoters of two lignin biosynthetic genes, cinnamoyl

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

32

Fluorescence analyzer for lignin  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for measuring lignin concentration in a sample of wood pulp or black liquor comprises a light emitting arrangement for emitting an excitation light through optical fiber bundles into a probe which has an undiluted sensing end facing the sample. The excitation light causes the lignin concentration to produce fluorescent emission light which is then conveyed through the probe to analyzing equipment which measures the intensity of the emission light. Measures a This invention was made with Government support under Contract Number DOE: DE-FC05-90CE40905 awarded by the Department of Energy (DOE). The Government has certain rights in this invention.

Berthold, John W. (Salem, OH); Malito, Michael L. (Hubbard, OH); Jeffers, Larry (Alliance, OH)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Fractionation of five technical lignins by selective extraction in green solvents and characterisation of isolated fractions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lignins from softwood, hardwood, grass and wheat straw were fractionated by selective extraction at ambient temperature using green solvents like acetone/water solutions of 10, 30, 50, 70 and 90% (v/v) acetone and ethyl acetate. A comparison between the isolated fractions and unfractionated lignins was made in terms of extraction yield, lignin solubility factor, molecular weight distribution and functional group composition. Low molecular weight (LMW) lignin fractions with narrow dispersity are obtained by extraction with ethyl acetate and acetone–water solution containing 30% acetone, with yields depending on the type and the functional group content of lignins. A significant amount (56%) of the organosolv hardwood lignin with low molecular weight (Mw = 1868 g/mol) and low dispersity was isolated from ethyl acetate. Insoluble fractions with very high molecular weight (Mw between 10 and 17 kg/mol) are obtained in low yield from acetone–water solutions with 50, 70 and 90% acetone. LMW lignins are in general less condensed and have lower aliphatic hydroxyl content than parent lignins while the HMW fractions have a higher content of condensed hydroxyls. Principal component analysis on the chemical composition of lignins and isolated fractions determined from 31P NMR data showed the high heterogeneity of the technical lignins. Partial least squares models based on FT-IR spectral data were developed to predict the functional group content determined by quantitative 31P NMR analysis of technical lignins and lignin fractions. This approach can be used to develop simple, rapid and accurate analytical tools to monitor and control the selective fractionation of lignin.

Carmen G. Boeriu; Firu?a I. Fi?ig?u; Richard J.A. Gosselink; August E. Frissen; Jan Stoutjesdijk; Francisc Peter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Lignin blockers and uses thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a method for converting cellulose in a lignocellulosic biomass. The method provides for a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein treatment of high lignin solids. The treatment enhances cellulase availability in cellulose conversion and allows for the determination of optimized pretreatment conditions. Additionally, ethanol yields from a Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation process are improved 5-25% by treatment with a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein. Thus, a more efficient and economical method of processing lignin containing biomass materials utilizes a polypeptide/protein treatment step that effectively blocks lignin binding of cellulase.

Yang, Bin (West Lebanon, NH); Wyman, Charles E. (Norwich, VT)

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

35

Die Chemie des Lignins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... technology of industry, and thus implicitly to the philosophy of the hurhan story, intimately interrelated as it is with that of plant life and evolution. The philosophic note is ... actual or original lignin, the degree of change associated with the reaction mechanism of the process of separation requiring to be estimated, but necessarily by a method which is inconclusive ...

C. F. CROSS

1927-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Lignin blockers and uses thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a method for converting cellulose in a lignocellulosic biomass. The method provides for a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein treatment of high lignin solids. The treatment enhances cellulase availability in cellulose conversion and allows for the determination of optimized pretreatment conditions. Additionally, ethanol yields from a Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation process are improved 5-25% by treatment with a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein.

Yang, Bin; Wyman, Charles E

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

37

Lignin Valorization: Improving Lignin Processing in the Biorefinery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...liquid transportation fuels without affecting...ethanol or other fuels (10). Lignin...materials, and fuels, very little of...developments in genetic engineering of lignin to targeted...factors (26), or introduction of engineered enzymes...by-product of biodiesel production from...

Arthur J. Ragauskas; Gregg T. Beckham; Mary J. Biddy; Richard Chandra; Fang Chen; Mark F. Davis; Brian H. Davison; Richard A. Dixon; Paul Gilna; Martin Keller; Paul Langan; Amit K. Naskar; Jack N. Saddler; Timothy J. Tschaplinski; Gerald A. Tuskan; Charles E. Wyman

2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

38

Turning Renewable Resources into Recyclable Polymer: Development of Lignin-Based Thermoplastic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Productive uses of lignin, the third most abundant natural polymer, have been sought for decades. One especially attractive possibility is that of developing value-added products including thermoplastics based on lignin. This possibility warrants special attention due to growth of the modern biofuel industries. However, the polydisperse molecular weight and hyper-branched structure of lignin has hindered the creation of high-performance biopolymers. Here, we report the preparation and characterization of novel lignin-based, partially carbon-neutral thermoplastics. We first altered the molecular weight of lignin, either by fractionation with methanol, or by formaldehyde crosslinking. A crosslinking of lignin increases the molecular weight, exhibiting Mn = 31000 g/mol, whereas that of native lignin is 1840 g/mol. Tuning the molecular weight of lignin enabled successful preparation of novel lignin-derived thermoplastics, when coupled with telechelic polybutadiene soft-segments at proper feed ratios. Characteristic to thermoplastic rubbers, free-standing films of the resulting copolymers exhibit two-phase morphology and associated relaxations in the dynamic mechanical loss spectrum. To our knowledge this article is the first report to demonstrate phase immiscibility, melt-processibility, and biphasic morphology of soft and hard segments in a lignin-based copolymer for all feed ratios of two macromolecular components. The use of higher molecular weight lignin enhanced the resulting shear modulus due to efficient network formation of telechelic polybutadiene bridges. The storage modulus in the rubbery plateau region increased with increasing lignin content. The successful synthesis of novel lignin-based thermoplastics will open a new pathway to biomass utilization and will help conserve petrochemicals.

Saito, Tomonori [ORNL; Brown, Rebecca H [ORNL; Hunt, Marcus A [ORNL; Pickel, Deanna L [ORNL; Pickel, Joseph M [ORNL; Messman, Jamie M [ORNL; Baker, Frederick S [ORNL; Keller, Martin [ORNL; Naskar, Amit K [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Cu-Pd Hydrogen Separation Membranes with Reduced Palladium Content and Improved Performance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cu-Pd Hydrogen Separation Membranes with Reduced Cu-Pd Hydrogen Separation Membranes with Reduced Palladium Content and Improved Performance Opportunity This patent-pending technology, "Cu-Pd Hydrogen Separation Membranes with Reduced Palladium Content and Improved Performance," consists of copper-palladium alloy compositions for hydrogen separation membranes that use less palladium and have a potential increase in hydrogen permeability and resistance to sulfur degradation compared to currently available copper-palladium membranes. This technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research with the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Overview NETL is working to help produce and deliver hydrogen from fossil fuels including coal in commercially applicable and environmentally

40

Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil. Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil. Abstract: Lignin is often the most...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Macromolecular replication during lignin biosynthesis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Macromolecular Macromolecular replication during lignin biosynthesis Yi-ru Chen, Simo Sarkanen * Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 12 December 2008 Received in revised form 24 October 2009 Available online 4 January 2010 Keywords: Lignin primary structure Replication Template polymerization Density functional theory Dynamical electron correlation a b s t r a c t Lignins play a crucial role in the cell-wall architecture of all vascular plants. They are composed of p- hydroxyphenylpropanoid units interconnected through covalent bonds formed during lignol radical cou- pling between six different pairs of atomic centers. For 50 years, the primary structures of lignins have been thought to be random, but for a number of reasons such an assumption is not tenable. For example, it has been

42

Functionalized lignin, rubber containing functionalized lignin and products containing such rubber composition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention relates to functionalized lignin, rubber compositions which contain functionalized lignin and to products which have at least one component comprised of such rubber composition.

Benko, David Andrew; Hahn, Bruce Raymond; Cohen, Martin Paul; Dirk, Shawn Matthew; Cicotte, Kirsten Nicole

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

43

Pyrolysis of lignin for phenols with alkaline additive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study is devoted to investigating the effect of alkaline additives on lignin pyrolysis for producing phenols. The effects of different types and amounts of alkaline additives, i.e., 0–20 wt.% NaOH, KOH, Na2CO3 or K2CO3, on lignin pyrolysis were tested in a fixed bed reactor. The chemicals in the pyrolysis liquid from a commercial alkali lignin with and without alkaline additive were mainly phenols including 2-methoxy-phenol, 2,6-dimethoxy-phenol, alkyl-phenols (free of methoxyl group) and 2-methoxy-4-alkyl-phenols. More vanillin and dimethoxy-benzene appeared in the pyrolysis liquid of alkali lignin and lignin purified from black liquor, respectively. While carbonate additives facilitated the production of methxoy-phenols, more alkyl-phenols were formed with the hydroxide additives. Analysis showed that all the alkaline additives promoted the reactions of decarboxylation or decarbonylation and the removal of unsaturated alkyl branch chains. The strong alkalescence of NaOH and KOH facilitated more deoxygenation of methoxyl groups so that there were more phenols free of methoxyl groups. The pyrolysis of PL resulted in the liquid yields of up to 30 wt.% (dry base), and the content of phenols was above 80% in the liquid.

Cuina Peng; Guangyi Zhang; Junrong Yue; Guangwen Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Catalysis of 6? Electrocyclizations & Catalytic Disproportionation of Lignin Model Compounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

groups. 13 Finally, the organosolv process extracts ligninWhile a 70% conversion of organosolv lignin to alkanols such

Bishop, Lee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Unravelling lignin formation and structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During this study, we established that the Fagaceae exclusively accumulate Z-monolignois/glucosides, and not the E-isomers. Evidence for the presence of a novel E{yields}Z isomerse has been obtained. Our pioneering work in lignin biosynthesis and structure in situ has also progressed smoothly. We established the bonding environments of a woody angiosperm, Leucanea leucocephala, as well as wheat (T. aestivum) and tobacco (N. tabacum). A cell culture system from Pinus taeda was developed which seems ideal for investigating the early stages of lignification. These cultures excrete peroxidase isozymes, considered to be specifically involved in lignin deposition. We also studied the effect of the putative lignin-degrading enzyme, lignin peroxidase, on monolignols and dehydropolymerisates therefrom. In all cases, polymerization was observed, and not degradation; these polymers are identical to that obtained with horseradish peroxidases/H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. It seems inconceivable that these enzymes can be considered as being primarily responsible for lignin biodegradation.

Lewis, N.G. (Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). Inst. of Biological Chemistry)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Characterization of trapped lignin-degrading microbes in tropical forest soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermotogae VHS-B5-50 Table S4, cont?d T1 T2 T3 T4 no ligninligninno lignin lignin no lignin lignin no lignin lignin n.d. n.d.

DeAngelis, K.M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Cationic electrodepositable coating composition comprising lignin  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cationic electrodepositable coating composition is disclosed. The present invention in directed to a cationic electrodepositable coating composition comprising a lignin-containing cationic salt resin, that comprises (A) the reaction product of: lignin, an amine, and a carbonyl compound; (B) the reaction product of lignin, epichlorohydrin, and an amine; or (C) combinations thereof.

Fenn, David; Bowman, Mark P; Zawacky, Steven R; Van Buskirk, Ellor J; Kamarchik, Peter

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

48

Liquid Fuels from Lignins: Annual Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This task was initiated to assess the conversion of lignins into liquid fuels, primarily of lignins relevant to biomass-to-ethanol conversion processes. The task was composed of a literature review of this area and an experimental part to obtain pertinent data on the conversion of lignins germane to biomass-to-ethanol conversion processes.

Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Supramolecular self-assembled chaos: polyphenolic lignin's barrier to cost-effective lignocellulosic biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Attempts  at  isolating  lignin,  analogous  to  specific  bonds  in  lignin-­?carbohydrate  complexes  (a  better  grasp  of  lignin.  Supramolecular  self-­?

Achyuthan, Komandoor

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Effect of ionic liquid treatment on the structures of lignins in solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The solution structures of three types of isolated lignin - organosolv (OS), Kraft (K), and low sulfonate (LS) - before and after treatment with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate were studied using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) over a concentration range of 0.3-2.4 wt %. The results indicate that each of these lignins is comprised of aggregates of well-defined basal subunits, the shapes and sizes of which, in D{sub 2}O and DMSO-d{sub 6}, are revealed using these techniques. LS lignin contains a substantial amount of nanometer-scale individual subunits. In aqueous solution these subunits have a well-defined elongated shape described well by ellipsoidal and cylindrical models. At low concentration the subunits are highly expanded in alkaline solution, and the effect is screened with increasing concentration. OS lignin dissolved in DMSO was found to consist of a narrow distribution of aggregates with average radius 200 {+-} 30 nm. K lignin in DMSO consists of aggregates with a very broad size distribution. After ionic liquid (IL) treatment, LS lignin subunits in alkaline solution maintained the elongated shape but were reduced in size. IL treatment of OS and K lignins led to the release of nanometer-scale subunits with well-defined size and shape.

Cheng, Gang [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Kent, Michael S [ORNL; He, Lilin [ORNL; Varanasi, Patanjali [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Dibble, Dean [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Melnichenko, Yuri B [ORNL; Simmons, Blake [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Singh, Seema [Joint Bioenergy Institute

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Article original Apports de lignines et alimentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Article original Apports de lignines et alimentation du lapin en croissance. II. Conséquences sur'étudier les effets respectifs du taux de lignines et de leur nature sur les performances de croissance et la,0 à 7,9%) et l'origine botanique des lignines ont été distribués à volonté depuis le sevrage (entre 28

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

52

RESEARCH Open Access The fate of lignin during hydrothermal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH Open Access The fate of lignin during hydrothermal pretreatment Heather L Trajano1 lignin removal, relocation, and/or modification during hydrothermal pretreatment. Phase transition, depolymerization/repolymerization, and solubility effects may all influence these lignin changes. To better

California at Riverside, University of

53

LIGNIN BIODEGRADATION AND THE PRODUCTION OF ETHYL ALCOHOL FROM CELLULOSE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Moore, W. E. , Removing lignin from wood with white-rotof carbohydrates on lignin degradation by the white-rotP. and Eriksson, K. -E. , Lignin degradation and utilization

Rosenberg, S.L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Catalysis of 6? Electrocyclizations & Catalytic Disproportionation of Lignin Model Compounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. D. ; McNally, T. J. Lignin. In Kirk-Othmer EncyclopediaK. ; Gellerstedt, G. Lignin. In Analytical Methods in Woodof a 1-phenylpropane-1,3-diol lignin model compound via ?-

Bishop, Lee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Tracking Hemicellulose and Lignin Deconstruction During Hydrothermal Pretreatment of Biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

19 2.3.3. Lignin………………………………………………………. ……………..22 2.3.4.S, Ragauskas A. Pseudo-lignin and pretreatment chemistry.ME, Vinzant TB. Visualizing lignin coalescence and migration

McKenzie, Heather Lorelei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Two-Step Process Converts Lignin into Simple Aromatic Compounds...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

developed a highly efficient method to oxidize lignin or lignin subunits (see WARF reference number P130104US01). This work represented the first step towards a greener,...

57

Sandia National Laboratories: Lignin-Feasting Microbe Holds Promise...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ClimateECEnergyRenewable EnergyBiofuelsLignin-Feasting Microbe Holds Promise for Biofuels Lignin-Feasting Microbe Holds Promise for Biofuels Sandian Mark Boslough Featured on NOVA...

58

Selective Conversion of Lignin into Simple Aromatic Compounds...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Lignin into Simple Aromatic Compounds Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center Contact GLBRC About This Technology Technology Marketing Summary Lignin is a major component of...

59

Bio-inspired MOF-based Catalysts for Lignin Valorization.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is a potentially plentiful source of renewable organics, with ~50Mtons/yr produced by the pulp/paper industry and 200-300 Mtons/yr projected production by a US biofuels industry. This industry must process approximately 1 billion tons of biomass to meet the US Renewable Fuel goals. However, there are currently no efficient processes for converting lignin to value-added chemicals and drop-in fuels. Lignin is therefore an opportunity for production of valuable renewable chemicals, but presents staggering technical and economic challenges due to the quantities of material involved and the strong chemical bonds comprising this polymer. Aggressive chemistries and high temperatures are required to degrade lignin without catalysts. Moreover, chemical non-uniformity among lignins leads to complex product mixtures that tend to repolymerize. Conventional petrochemical approaches (pyrolysis, catalytic cracking, gasification) are energy intensive (400-800 degC), require complicated separations, and remove valuable chemical functionality. Low-temperature (25-200 degC) alternatives are clearly desirable, but enzymes are thermally fragile and incompatible with liquid organic compounds, making them impractical for large-scale biorefining. Alternatively, homogeneous catalysts, such as recently developed vanadium complexes, must be separated from product mixtures, while many heterogenous catalysts involve costly noble metals. The objective of this project is to demonstrate proof of concept that an entirely new class of biomimetic, efficient, and industrially robust synthetic catalysts based on nanoporous Metal- Organic Frameworks (MOFs) can be developed. Although catalytic MOFs are known, catalysis of bond cleavage reactions needed for lignin degradation is completely unexplored. Thus, fundamental research is required that industry and most sponsoring agencies are currently unwilling to undertake. We introduce MOFs infiltrated with titanium and nickel species as catalysts for the C-O bond hydrogenolysis in model compounds, which mimic the b-O-4, a-O-4, and 4-O-5 linkages of natural lignin. The versatile IRMOF-74(n) series is proposed as a platform for creating efficient hydrogenolysis catalysts as it not only displays tunable pore sizes, but also has the required thermal and chemical stability. The catalytic C-O bond cleavage occurs at 10 bar hydrogen pressure and temperatures as low as 120 degC. The conversion efficiency of the aromatic ether substrates into the corresponding hydrocarbons and phenols varies as PhCH 2 CH 2 OPh > PhCH 2 OPh > PhOPh (Ph = phenyl), while the catalytic activity generally follows the following trend Ni%40IRMOF-74>Ti%40IRMOF-74>IRMOF-74. Conversions as high as 80%, coupled with good selectivity for hydrogenolysis vs. hydrogenation, highlight the potential of MOF-based catalysts for the selective cleavage of recalcitrant aryl-ether bonds found in lignin and other biopolymers. This project supports the DOE Integrated Biorefinery Program goals, the objective of which is to convert biomass to fuels and high-value chemicals, by addressing an important technology gap: the lack of low-temperature catalysts suitable for industrial lignin degradation. Biomass, which is ~30 wt% lignin, constitutes a potentially major source of platform chemicals that could improve overall profitability and productivity of all energy-related products, thereby benefiting consumers and reducing national dependence on imported oil. Additionally, DoD has a strong interest in low-cost drop-in fuels (Navy Biofuel Initiative) and has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with DOE and USDA to develop a sustainable biofuels industry.

Allendorf, Mark D.; Stavila, Vitalie; Ramakrishnan, Parthasarathi; Davis, Ryan Wesley

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Method for recovering and using lignin in adhesive resins by extracting demethylated lignin  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Lignin, or a lignin derived material, which has been significantly demethylated (e.g., the demethylated lignin found in the raffinate produced as a by-product of dimethyl sulfide production which can be carried out using the spent liquor from wood pulping operations) can be isolated by a process wherein an organic solvent is added to a lignin-containing aqueous solution. The organic solvent is typically a polar, and at least a partially water-immiscible substance such as, for example, ethyl acetate. The resulting lignin-containing aqueous solution/organic solvent mixture is acidified to produce a water layer which is discarded and an organic solvent layer which contains the demethylated lignin. Upon its recovery, the demethylated lignin is dissolved in an alkaline solution to which an aldehyde source is added to produce a resol-type resin. The aldehyde source may be formaldehyde in solution, paraformaldehyde, hexamethylenetetramine, or other aldehydes including acetaldehyde, furfural, and their derivatives.

Schroeder, Herbert A. (Ft. Collins, CO)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Method for recovering and using lignin in adhesive resins by extracting demethylated lignin  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Lignin, or a lignin derived material, which has been significantly demethylated (e.g., the demethylated lignin found in the raffinate produced as a by-product of dimethyl sulfide production which can be carried out using the spent liquor from wood pulping operations) can be isolated by a process wherein an organic solvent is added to a lignin-containing aqueous solution. The organic solvent is typically a polar, and at least a partially water-immiscible substance such as, for example, ethyl acetate. The resulting lignin-containing aqueous solution/organic solvent mixture is acidified to produce a water layer which is discarded and an organic solvent layer which contains the demethylated lignin. Upon its recovery, the demethylated lignin is preferably dried and stored until it is used (along with an alkali, an aldehyde and an adhesive filler) in compounding an adhesive of the type generally used in the manufacture of plywood.

Schroeder, Herbert A. (Ft. Collins, CO)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Method for regulation of plant lignin composition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is disclosed for the regulation of lignin composition in plant tissue. Plants are transformed with a gene encoding an active F5H gene. The expression of the F5H gene results in increased levels of syringyl monomer providing a lignin composition more easily degraded with chemicals and enzymes.

Chapple, Clint (West Lafayette, IN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Reduced  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reduced intermittency in the magnetic turbulence of reversed field pinch plasmas L. Marrelli and L. Frassinetti Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Corso Stati...

64

CONTENTS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Operations Office RPD relative percent difference RSD relative standard deviation TIC tentatively identified compound DOERL-96-68, HASQARD Table of Contents, Rev. 3 Volume...

65

CONTENTS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3.0 - CRITICAL, SPECIAL, & ENGINEERED LIFTS March 21, 2013 Rev 1 Page 1 CHAPTER 3.0 TABLE OF CONTENTS 3.0 CRITICAL LIFTS ......

66

CONTENTS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

assurancecontrol) 3. Responsible operations manager 4. Equipment custodian 5. Cognizant engineer. *Reviewapproval is mandatory. 18.3.3 Hostile Environment Plan Contents The plan...

67

CONTENTS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CONTENTS CONTENTS Introduction ........................................................................................................3 ON THE HORIZON: Promising Research Efforts Currently Underway A Smarter Charge .........................................................................................4 Unlocking Fire Ice .........................................................................................5 CRISP Crunches Cyber Threats ....................................................................6 Gel Zeroes in on Cancer ...............................................................................7 Liquid Solvent: A Solid Solution for CO 2 .....................................................8 Real-time Grid Stability ................................................................................9

68

Article original Apports de lignines et alimentation du lapin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Article original Apports de lignines et alimentation du lapin en croissance. I. Conséquences sur la) Résumé — L'effet de la teneur et de la nature des lignines sur la digestion et le transit du lapin faible teneur en lignine ADL (RO), et des aliments à taux croissants de lignines provenant pour un tiers

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

69

Dosage de la lignine insoluble en milieu acide : influence du prtraitement par hydrolyse acide sur la lignine Kla-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dosage de la lignine insoluble en milieu acide : influence du prétraitement par hydrolyse acide sur la lignine Kla- son de bois et de paille Bernard MONTIES LN.R.A., Laboratoire de Chimie biologique et la lignine insoluble dans l'acide sulfurique concentré, lignine Klason, est décrit : il comporte une

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

70

HPLC Purification of Higher Plant-Dervied Lignin Phenols for Compound Specific Radiocarbon Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

purification scheme for lignin phenol CSRA is feasible. Thebased method are that (1) lignin phenols can be purifiedobtain semipure fractions of lignin phenols. The subsequent

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Vacuum-Ultraviolet Photoionization and Mass Spectrometric Characterization of Lignin Monomers Coniferyl and Sinapyl Alcohols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Biosynthesis of Lignin; Springer?Verlag: Berlin, 1968. (Characterization of Lignin Monomers Coniferyl and Sinapylfragmentation Introduction Lignin is the second most

Takahashi, Lynelle K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes inCharacterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes inCharacterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in

DeAngelis, Kristen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

PATTERNS OF DIFFUSIBILITY OF LIGNIN AND CARBOHYDRATE DEGRADING SYSTEMS IN WOOD-ROTTING FUNGI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. Biochem. 57: 405-409. lignins by Bacillus megaterium.microorganisms, Berg, B, 1975, Lignin degradation andEffects of microorganisms on lignin. Phytopathol. ~: Kirk.

Rosenberg, S. L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Production of Lignin-Based Phenolic Resins Using De-Polymerized Kraft Lignin and Process Optimization.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Commercialization of Lignin-based phenol formaldehyde resins (LPF) has been limited due to the increase in curing temperatures and decrease in adhesive strength of LPF compared… (more)

Siddiqui, Homaira

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

The Growth Reduction Associated with Repressed Lignin Biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana Is Independent of Flavonoids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...negative impacts on forage quality, pulping efficiency, and...been employed to identify or engineer plants with low lignin content...cytochrome P450 enzymes for forage quality improvement in alfalfa (Medicago...lignification, development and forage quality. Phytochemistry 68 : 1521-1529...

Xu Li; Nicholas D. Bonawitz; Jing-Ke Weng; Clint Chapple

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

76

Sequestration and Transport of Lignin Monomeric Precursors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is the second most abundant terrestrial biopolymer after cellulose. It is essential for the viability of vascular plants. Lignin precursors, the monolignols, are synthesized within the cytosol of the cell. Thereafter, these monomeric precursors are exported into the cell wall, where they are polymerized and integrated into the wall matrix. Accordingly, transport of monolignols across cell membranes is a critical step affecting deposition of lignin in the secondarily thickened cell wall. While the biosynthesis of monolignols is relatively well understood, our knowledge of sequestration and transport of these monomers is sketchy. In this article, we review different hypotheses on monolignol transport and summarize the recent progresses toward the understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying monolignol sequestration and transport across membranes. Deciphering molecular mechanisms for lignin precursor transport will support a better biotechnological solution to manipulate plant lignification for more efficient agricultural and industrial applications of cell wall biomass.

Liu, C.J.; Miao, Y.-C.; Zhang, K.-W.

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

77

Computational Design of Lignin Depolymerization Catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is a major component of plant cell walls that is typically underutilized in selective conversion strategies for renewable fuels and chemicals. The mechanisms by which thermal and catalytic treatments deconstruct lignin remain elusive, for which quantum mechanical calculations can offer fundamental insights. In this work, a computational approach has been used to elucidate the reductive deconstruction pathway of a ruthenium-catalyzed system. Transition states have been computed to determine the rate-limiting steps for a catalyst that cleaves arylether linkages. Our calculations are supported by experimental synthesis and kinetic and thermodynamic measurements of the deconstruction of model lignin dimers by a ruthenium catalyst with the ultimate objective of designing new catalysts to eventually utilize lignin in biorefineries.

Kim, S.; Chmely, S. C.; Sturgeon, M.; Katahira, R.; Paton, R. S.; Beckham, G. T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Reactor Physics Studies of Reduced-Tantaulum-Content Control and Safety Elements for the High Flux Isotope Reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some of the unirradiated High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) control elements discharged during the late 1990s were observed to have cladding damage--local swelling or blistering. The cladding damage was limited to the tantalum/europium interface of the element and is thought to result from interaction of hydrogen and europium to form a compound of lower density than europium oxide, thus leading to a ''blistering'' of the control plate cladding. Reducing the tantalum loading in the control plates should help preclude this phenomena. The impact of the change to the control plates on the operation of the reactor was assessed. Regarding nominal, steady-state reactor operation, the impact of the change in the power distribution in the core due to reduced tantalum content was calculated and found to be insignificant. The magnitude and impact of the change in differential control element worth was calculated, and the differential worths of reduced tantalum elements vs the current elements from equivalent-burnup critical configurations were determined to be unchanged within the accuracy of the computational method and relevant experimental measurements. The location of the critical control elements symmetric positions for reduced tantalum elements was found to be 1/3 in. less withdrawn relative to existing control elements regardless of the value of fuel cycle burnup (time in the fuel cycle). The magnitude and impact of the change in the shutdown margin (integral rod worth) was assessed and found to be unchanged. Differential safety element worth values for the reduced-tantalum-content elements were calculated for postulated accident conditions and were found to be greater than values currently assumed in HFIR safety analyses.

Primm, R.T., III

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Carbon Fiber Production from a Kraft Hardwood Lignin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is a renewable resource material that is being evaluated for the low cost production of carbon fiber for automotive and other applications. Solvent extraction of a commercial hardwood lignin product yielded a purified lignin free of the contaminants typical of lignins derived from the Kraft chemical pulping of wood. The purified lignin was highly melt-spinnable into fibers, from which carbon fiber was subsequently produced. The lignin has been evaluated in terms of its rheological properties, fiber melt spinning ability, and potential for manufacture of low cost carbon fiber without the need for plasticizing agents or chemical modifications.

Baker, Darren A [ORNL; Gallego, Nidia C [ORNL; Baker, Frederick S [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Effect of Lignin Removal by Alkaline Peroxide Pretreatment on the Susceptibility of Corn Stover to Purified Cellulolytic and Xylanolytic Enzymes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pretreatment of corn stover with alkaline peroxide (AP) at pH 11.5 resulted in reduction of lignin content in the residual solids as a function of increasing batch temperature. Scanning electron microscopy of these materials revealed notably more textured surfaces on the plant cell walls as a result of the delignifying pretreatment. As expected, digestion of the delignified samples with commercial cellulase preparations showed an inverse relationship between the content of lignin present in the residual solids after pretreatment and the extent of both glucan and xylan conversion achievable. Digestions with purified enzymes revealed that decreased lignin content in the pretreated solids did not significantly impact the extent of glucan conversion achievable by cellulases alone. Not until purified xylanolytic activities were included with the cellulases were significant improvements in glucan conversion realized. In addition, an inverse relationship was observed between lignin content after pretreatment and the extent of xylan conversion achievable in a 24-h period with the xylanolytic enzymes in the absence of the cellulases. This observation, coupled with the direct relationship between enzymatic xylan and glucan conversion observed in a number of cases, suggests that the presence of lignins may not directly occlude cellulose present in lignocelluloses but rather impact cellulase action indirectly by its association with xylan.

Selig, M. J.; Vinzant, T. B.; Himmel, M. E.; Decker, S. R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Deconstruction of Lignin Model Compounds and Biomass-Derived Lignin using Layered Double Hydroxide Catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is an underutilized value stream in current biomass conversion technologies because there exist no economic and technically feasible routes for lignin depolymerization and upgrading. Base-catalyzed deconstruction (BCD) has been applied for lignin depolymerization (e.g., the Kraft process) in the pulp and paper industry for more than a century using aqueous-phase media. However, these efforts require treatment to neutralize the resulting streams, which adds significantly to the cost of lignin deconstruction. To circumvent the need for downstream treatment, here we report recent advances in the synthesis of layered double hydroxide and metal oxide catalysts to be applied to the BCD of lignin. These catalysts may prove more cost-effective than liquid-phase, non-recyclable base, and their use obviates downstream processing steps such as neutralization. Synthetic procedures for various transition-metal containing catalysts, detailed kinetics measurements using lignin model compounds, and results of the application of these catalysts to biomass-derived lignin will be presented.

Chmely, S. C.; McKinney, K. A.; Lawrence, K. R.; Sturgeon, M.; Katahira, R.; Beckham, G. T.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Photoelectron spectroscopy as a tool of lignin chemistry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many efforts in systematic elucidation of lignin properties start from the properties of the lignin subunits. In this paper, the authors provide the vertical ionization potentials (IP) of a representative set of lignin model compound. Gas phase photoelectron spectroscopy enables them to determine ionization potentials and makes it possible to deduce the electron structure of molecules within the limitations of Koopman's theorem. They discuss reasons why photoelectron spectroscopy might be a valuable method for the study of lignin properties.

Shevchenko, S.M.; Zarubin, M.Y. (Leningrad Forest Technical Academy, 194018 Leningrad (SU))

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Identification of lignin genes and regulatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Identification of lignin genes and regulatory sequences involved analysis revealed 18 lignin isoforms for each species. We also identified five contigs homologous to R2R3 wall formation and lignin deposition. We searched the contigs against public microRNA database

84

How is ferulic acid transported into the Golgi apparatus? Lignin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How is ferulic acid transported into the Golgi apparatus? Lignin polymerization is also influenced]. These ferulic acid residues are thought to initiate lignin polymerization. It is not known how ferulic acid in the cell wall field, but also creates novel opportunities for the manipulation of lignin in crop plants

85

Original article Lignin-carbohydrate complexes in forages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Lignin-carbohydrate complexes in forages: structure and consequences) Summary ― Lignin-carbohydrate complexes (LCCS) are recognised as key structures in forage microorganisms are discussed. lignin-carbohydrate complexes I cell wall I forage I digestibility Résumé

Boyer, Edmond

86

Structural modifications of timothy lignin by in vitro rumen fermentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structural modifications of timothy lignin by in vitro rumen fermentation T Kondo, T Ohshita, T Kyuma Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station, Shimokuriyagawa, Morioka 020-01, Japan Lignin degradation of forage fibers. The nutritional effect of forage lignin is closely related to its structure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

87

REGULAR ARTICLE European corn borer injury effects on lignin, carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REGULAR ARTICLE European corn borer injury effects on lignin, carbon and nitrogen in corn tissues herbivores often stimulate lignin deposition in injured plant tissue, but it is not known whether corn (Zea (Bacillus thuringiensis) genetic modifica- tion is also reported to affect lignin in corn. This study

Beaudoin, Georges

88

Carbohydrate Derived-Pseudo-Lignin Can Retard Cellulose Biological Conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARTICLE Carbohydrate Derived-Pseudo-Lignin Can Retard Cellulose Biological Conversion Rajeev Kumar degradation products, collectively termed as chars and/or pseudo-lignin. In order to understand the factors derived pseudo-lignin on cellulose conversion at the moderate to low enzyme loadings necessary

California at Riverside, University of

89

BSA Treatment to Enhance Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Cellulose in Lignin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BSA Treatment to Enhance Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Cellulose in Lignin Containing Substrates Bin Yang cellulose and solids containing 56% cellulose and 28% lignin from dilute sulfuric acid pretreatment of corn of cellulase and particularly beta-glucosidase on lignin. Of particular note, BSA treatment of pretreated corn

California at Riverside, University of

90

Process for producing phenolic compounds from lignins  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is described for the production of low molecular weight phenolic compounds from lignins through the pyrolysis of the lignins in the presence of a strong base. In a preferred embodiment, potassium hydroxide is present in an amount of from about 0.1% to about 5% by weight, the pyrolysis temperature is from about 400 C to about 600 C at atmospheric pressure, and the time period for substantial completion of the reaction is from about 1--3 minutes. Examples of low molecular weight phenolic compounds produced include methoxyphenols, non-methoxylated phenols, and mixtures thereof. 16 figs.

Agblevor, F.A.

1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

Molecular structure and biochemical properties of lignins in relation to possible self-organization of lignin networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular structure and biochemical properties of lignins in relation to possible self-organization of lignin networks B. Monties Laboratoire de Chimie Biologique, INRA (CBAI), Institut National Agronomique recalls chemical data related to the variations in the molecular structure of lignin and mainly discusses

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

92

Lignin-blocking treatment of biomass and uses thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a method for converting cellulose in a lignocellulosic biomass. The method provides for a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein treatment of high lignin solids. The treatment enhances cellulase availability in cellulose conversion. Cellulase efficiencies are improved by the protein or polypeptide treatment. The treatment may be used in combination with steam explosion and acid prehydrolysis techniques. Hydrolysis yields from lignin containing biomass are enhanced 5-20%, and enzyme utilization is increased from 10% to 50%. Thus, a more efficient and economical method of processing lignin containing biomass materials utilizes a polypeptide/protein treatment step that effectively blocks lignin binding of cellulase.

Yang, Bin (Hanover, NH); Wyman, Charles E. (Norwich, VT)

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

93

Kinetic Model Development for Lignin Pyrolysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin pyrolysis poses a significant barrier to the formation of liquid fuel products from biomass. Lignin pyrolyzes at higher temperatures than other biomass components (e.g. cellulose and hemi-cellulose) and tends to form radicals species that lead to cross-linking and ultimately char formation. A first step in the advancement of biomass-to-fuel technology is to discover the underlying mechanisms that lead to the breakdown of lignin at lower temperatures into more stable and usable products. We have investigated the thermochemistry of the various inter-linkage units found in lignin (B-O4, a-O4, B-B, B-O5, etc) using electronic structure calculations at the M06-2x/6-311++G(d,p) on a series of dimer model compounds. In addition to bond homolysis reactions, a variety of concerted elimination pathways are under investigation that tend to produce closed-shell stable products. Such a bottom-up approach could aid in the targeted development of catalysts that produce more desirable products under less severe reactor conditions.

Clark, J.; Robichaud, D.; Nimlos, M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Lignin Signature of Aquatic Humic Substances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hydrology identification Klamath Marsh lakes lignin limnology...source identification, we group these phenols into families...colored stream draining Klamath Marsh (southern Ore-gon...the WR humic substance falls within the range of non-woody...containing vicinal hydroxyl groups are cleaved by CuO oxidation...

JOHN R. ERTEL; JOHN I. HEDGES; EDWARD M. PERDUE

1984-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

95

Computational Mechanistic Studies of Acid-Catalyzed Lignin Model Dimers for Lignin Depolymerization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is a heterogeneous alkyl-aromatic polymer that constitutes up to 30% of plant cell walls, and is used for water transport, structure, and defense. The highly irregular and heterogeneous structure of lignin presents a major obstacle in the development of strategies for its deconstruction and upgrading. Here we present mechanistic studies of the acid-catalyzed cleavage of lignin aryl-ether linkages, combining both experimental studies and quantum chemical calculations. Quantum mechanical calculations provide a detailed interpretation of reaction mechanisms including possible intermediates and transition states. Solvent effects on the hydrolysis reactions were incorporated through the use of a conductor-like polarizable continuum model (CPCM) and with cluster models including explicit water molecules in the first solvation shell. Reaction pathways were computed for four lignin model dimers including 2-phenoxy-phenylethanol (PPE), 1-(para-hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenoxy-ethanol (HPPE), 2-phenoxy-phenyl-1,3-propanediol (PPPD), and 1-(para-hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenoxy-1,3-propanediol (HPPPD). Lignin model dimers with a para-hydroxyphenyl ether (HPPE and HPPPD) show substantial differences in reactivity relative to the phenyl ether compound (PPE and PPPD) which have been clarified theoretically and experimentally. The significance of these results for acid deconstruction of lignin in plant cell walls will be discussed.

Kim, S.; Sturgeon, M. R.; Chmely, S. C.; Paton, R. S.; Beckham, G. T.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Method for recovering and using lignin in adhesive resins  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Lignin, or a lignin derived material, which has been significantly demethylated (e.g., the demethylated lignin found in the raffinate produced as a by-product of dimethyl sulfide production which can be carried out using the spent liquor from wood pulping operations) can be isolated by a process wherein an organic solvent is added to a lignin-containing aqueous solution. The organic solvent is typically a polar, and at least a partially water-immiscible substance such as, for example, ethyl acetate. The resulting lignin-containing aqueous solution/organic solvent mixture is acidified to produce a water layer which is discarded and an organic solvent layer which contains the demethylated lignin. Upon its recovery, the demethylated lignin is dissolved in an alkaline solution to which an aldehyde source is added to produce a resol-type resin. The aldehyde source may be formaldehyde in solution, paraformaldehyde, hexamethylenetetramine, or other aldehydes including acetaldehyde, furfural, and their derivatives.

Schroeder, Herbert A. (Ft. Collins, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Reactions of Lignin Model Compounds in Ionic Liquids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin, a readily available form of biomass, awaits novel chemistry for converting it to valuable aromatic chemicals. Recent work has demonstrated that ionic liquids are excellent solvents for processing woody biomass and lignin. Seeking to exploit ionic liquids as media for depolymerization of lignin, we investigated reactions of lignin model compounds in these solvents. Using Brønsted acid catalysts in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium triflate at moderate temperatures, we obtained up to 11.6% yield of the dealkylation product guaiacol from the model compound eugenol and cleaved phenethyl phenyl ether, a model for lignin ethers. Despite these successes, acid catalysis failed in dealkylation of the unsaturated model compound 4-ethylguaiacol and did not produce monomeric products from organosolv lignin, demonstrating that further work is required to understand the complex chemistry of lignin depolymerization.

Holladay, John E.; Binder, Joseph B.; Gray, Michel J.; White, James F.; Zhang, Z. Conrad

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Synchrotron Vacuum-Ultraviolet Postionization Mass Spectrometry with Laser and Ion Probes for Intact Molecular Spatial Mapping of Lignin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Biosynthesis of Lignin; Springer-Verlag: Berlin, 1968. (chemical imaging studies of lignin and related compounds.and Alkali and Organosolv Lignins with Synchrotron Vacuum-UV

Takahashi, Lynelle Kazue

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Molecular Evolution and Diversity of Lignin Degrading Heme Peroxidases in the Agaricomycetes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular Evolution and Diversity of Lignin Degrading Heme Peroxidases in the Agaricomycetes Ingo peroxidases, including the lignin degrading enzymes manganese per- oxidase (MnP), lignin peroxidase (Li Lignin peroxidase Á Versatile peroxidase Á Lignin degradation Á Agaricomycetes Á Fungi Introduction Heme

Hibbett, David S.

100

A molecular mechanics force field for lignin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Molecular Molecular Mechanics Force Field for Lignin LOUKAS PETRIDIS, JEREMY C. SMITH Center for Molecular Biophysics, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 Received 14 February 2008; Revised 8 May 2008; Accepted 12 June 2008 DOI 10.1002/jcc.21075 Published online 1 August 2008 in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). Abstract: A CHARMM molecular mechanics force field for lignin is derived. Parameterization is based on reproducing quantum mechanical data of model compounds. Partial atomic charges are derived using the RESP electrostatic potential fitting method supplemented by the examination of methoxybenzene:water interactions. Dihedral parameters are optimized by fitting to critical rotational potentials and bonded parameters are obtained by optimizing vibrational frequencies and normal modes. Finally, the force field is validated

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Pseudo-lignin formation and its impact on enzymatic hydrolysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

formation formation and its impact on enzymatic hydrolysis Fan Hu, Seokwon Jung, Arthur Ragauskas ⇑ BioEnergy Science Center, School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 500 10th Street, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 21 November 2011 Received in revised form 5 April 2012 Accepted 10 April 2012 Available online 21 April 2012 Keywords: Poplar Pseudo-lignin Dilute acid pretreatment a-Cellulose Holocellulose a b s t r a c t Pseudo-lignin, which can be broadly defined as aromatic material that yields a positive Klason lignin value and is not derived from native lignin, has been recently reported to form during the dilute acid pre- treatment of poplar holocellulose. To investigate the chemistry of pseudo-lignin formation, GPC, FT-IR and 13 C NMR were utilized to characterize pseudo-lignin

102

Redistribution of Lignin Caused by Dilute Acid Pretreatment of Biomass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research conducted at NREL has shown that lignin undergoes a phase transition during thermochemical pretreatments conducted above its glass transition temperature. The lignin coalesces within the plant cell wall and appears as microscopic droplets on cell surfaces. It is clear that pretreatment causes significant changes in lignin distribution in pretreatments at all scales from small laboratory reactors to pilot scale reactors. A method for selectively extracting lignin droplets from the surfaces of pretreated cell walls has allowed us to characterize the chemical nature and molecular weight distribution of this fraction. The effect of lignin redistribution on the digestibility of pretreated solids has also been tested. It is clear that removal of the droplets increases the digestibility of pretreated corn stover. The improved digestibility could be due to decreased non-specific binding of enzymes to lignin in the droplets, or because the droplets no longer block access to cellulose.

Johnson, D. K.; Donohoe, B. S.; Katahira, R.; Tucker, M. P.; Vinzant, T. B.; Himmel, M. E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

DECOMPOSITION OF LIGNIN AND CELLOBIOSE IN RELATION TO THE ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS OF CELLULOSE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. Wilke, "Studies of Lignin-Degrading Fungi and EnzymaticApril 1976). Kirk, T. Kent, "Lignin-degrading Enzyme System"and John M. Harkin, "Lignin Biodegradation and Bioconversion

Yamanaka, Y.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

New Engineered Materials from Biobased Plastics and Lignin .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The blending of lignin as a component in a thermoplastic blend poses a challenge in the form of dispersion and compatibility. Polyesters such as poly(lactic… (more)

Chen, Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Experimental Study of Mechanistic Acid Deconstruction of Lignin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is a major component of biomass, which remains highly underutilized in selective biomass conversion strategies to renewable fuels and chemicals. Here we are interested in studying the mechanisms related to the acid deconstruction of lignin with a combined theoretical and experimental approach. Quantum mechanical calculations were employed to elucidate possible deconstruction mechanisms with transition state theory. Model dimers, imitating H, S, and G lignins, were synthesized with the most abundant {beta} - O - 4 linkage in lignin. These compounds were then depolymerized using various acids and at different operating conditions. The deconstruction products were analyzed to complement the QM studies and investigate proposed mechanisms.

Sturgeon, M.; Kim, S.; Chmely, S. C.; Katahira, R.; Foust, T. D.; Beckham, G. T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Preparation and characterization of lignin-protein covalent linkages.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Lignin is a natural aromatic polymer that is bio-synthesized in the cell walls of almost all land plants. Great strides have been made in understanding… (more)

Diehl, Brett

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Determination of Structural Carbohydrates and Lignin in Biomass...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Determination of Structural Carbohydrates and Lignin in Biomass Laboratory Analytical Procedure (LAP) Issue Date: April 2008 Revision Date: August 2012 (Version 08-03-2012) A....

108

NREL Overcomes Obstacles in Lignin Valorization (Fact Sheet)...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Going forward, this approach can be applied to many different types of biomass feedstocks and combined with a variety of strategies for breaking down lignin, engineering...

109

Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, is sponsoring a research and development program for the development of a real-time, in-situ sensor to measure the concentration of lignin in wood pulp. The program is composed of phase I showing feasibility which is now complete, phase II for development and testing of a Field Prototype, in progress, Phase III commercialization. Phase I work (funded entirely by B&W) demonstrated a correlation between the fluorescence intensity and lignin concentration (as measured by TAPPI procedure, T 236 hm-85 Kappa Number of Pulp) for undiluted wood pulp samples. In Phase II, a laboratory test program directed at characterizing the fluorescence of wood pulp has been conducted as a prelude to the design of a prototype sensor. The current report summarizes the testing completed in Phase I and documents the Phase II laboratory testing completed through December 1991. Future Phase II efforts include additional laboratory testing, design and fabrication of a prototype sensor, and field testing of the prototype sensor. Phase III of the program will concentrate on the incorporation of the sensor into a control system and commercialization of the sensor.

Malito, M.L.; Jeffers, L.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, is sponsoring a research and development program for the development of a real-time, in-situ sensor to measure the concentration of lignin in wood pulp. The program is composed of phase I showing feasibility which is now complete, phase II for development and testing of a Field Prototype, in progress, Phase III commercialization. Phase I work (funded entirely by B W) demonstrated a correlation between the fluorescence intensity and lignin concentration (as measured by TAPPI procedure, T 236 hm-85 Kappa Number of Pulp) for undiluted wood pulp samples. In Phase II, a laboratory test program directed at characterizing the fluorescence of wood pulp has been conducted as a prelude to the design of a prototype sensor. The current report summarizes the testing completed in Phase I and documents the Phase II laboratory testing completed through December 1991. Future Phase II efforts include additional laboratory testing, design and fabrication of a prototype sensor, and field testing of the prototype sensor. Phase III of the program will concentrate on the incorporation of the sensor into a control system and commercialization of the sensor.

Malito, M.L.; Jeffers, L.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Investigation of Catalytic Pathways and Separations fro Lignin Breakdown into Monomers and Fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis of the energy and material consumption for three different lignin conversion pathways has been carried out in order to assess their relative promise. Recommendations to allow for improved performance based on the current state of the art have been made, with particular focus on the use of heterogeneous nanocatalysts. Lignin is currently burned for heat and power in industrial processes, but its aromaticity and high energy content make it a good source for fuels and chemical feedstocks. The conversion of lignin to value added products has been the subject of a number of excellent reviews, and it is upon this literature as well as recent publications that the processes were selected. The analysis includes consideration of the thermodynamics of conversion, the technical feasibility of each process, and the energy and material balance. For each of the processes, improvements to future research activities have been suggested to move the processes from the bench-scale to large-scale demonstrations. This analysis is not meant to be comprehensive, in terms of process, feedstock, or selected criteria. However, this work illustrates a path forward following pre-established goals of thermodynamic efficiency, selectivity, and feasibility.

McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Gluckstein, Jeffrey A [ORNL; Hu, Michael Z. [ORNL; Kidder, Michelle [ORNL; Narula, Chaitanya Kumar [ORNL; Sturgeon, Matthew R [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Producing a True Lignin Depolymerase for Biobleaching Softwood Kraft Pulp  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project constituted an intensive effort devoted to producing, from the white-rot fungus Tramets Cingulata, a lignin degrading enzyme (lignin depolymerase) that is directly able to biobleach or delignify softwood kraft pulp brownstock. To this end, the solutions in which T. cingulata was grown contained dissolved kraft lignin which fulfilled two functions; it behaved as a lignin deploymerase substrate and it also appeared to act as an inducer of enzyme expression. However, the lignin depolymerase isoenzymes (and other extracellular T. cingulata enzymes) interacted very strongly with both the kraft lignin components and the fungal hypae, so the isolating these proteins from the culture solutions proved to be unexpectedly difficult. Even after extensive experimentation with a variety of protein purification techniques, only one approach appeared to be capable of purifying lignin depolymerases to homogeneity. Unfortunately the procedure was extremely laborious; it involved the iso electric focusing of concentrated buffer-exchanged culture solutions followed by electro-elution of the desired protein bands from the appropriate polyacrylamide gel segments

Simo Sarkanen

2002-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

113

Computational Study of Bond Dissociation Enthalpies for Substituted $\\beta$-O-4 Lignin Model Compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The biopolymer lignin is a potential source of valuable chemicals. Phenethyl phenyl ether (PPE) is representative of the dominant $\\beta$-O-4 ether linkage. Density functional theory (DFT) is used to calculate the Boltzmann-weighted carbon-oxygen and carbon-carbon bond dissociation enthalpies (BDEs) of substituted PPE. These values are important in order to understand lignin decomposition. Exclusion of all conformers that have distributions of less than 5\\% at 298 K impacts the BDE by less than 1 kcal mol$^{-1}$. We find that aliphatic hydroxyl/methylhydroxyl substituents introduce only small changes to the BDEs (0-3 kcal mol$^{-1}$). Substitution on the phenyl ring at the $ortho$ position substantially lowers the C-O BDE, except in combination with the hydroxyl/methylhydroxyl substituents, where the effect of methoxy substitution is reduced by hydrogen bonding. Hydrogen bonding between the aliphatic substituents and the ether oxygen in the PPE derivatives has a significant influence on the BDE. CCSD(T)-calculated BDEs and hydrogen bond strengths of $ortho$-substituted anisoles when compared with M06-2X values confirm that the latter method is sufficient to describe the molecules studied and provide an important benchmark for lignin model compounds.

Younker, Jarod M [ORNL; Beste, Ariana [ORNL; Buchanan III, A C [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Catalytic C-O Bond Cleavage of 2-Aryloxy-1-arylethanols and Its Application to the Depolymerization of Lignin-Related Polymers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5) For variations in lignin structure, see: (a) Bunzel, M. ;of native milled wood lignin isolated from M. giganteusas applications to natural lignin and other model systems.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Cellulase-lignin interactions in the enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Lignin, a major non-carbohydrate polymer in lignocellulosic plant biomass, restricts the action of hydrolytic enzymes in the enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic feedstocks. Non-productive enzyme adsorption… (more)

Rahikainen, Jenni

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Sandia National Laboratories: "Bionic" Liquids from Lignin: Joint...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy and ClimateECEnergyRenewable EnergyBiofuels"Bionic" Liquids from Lignin: Joint BioEnergy Institute Results Pave the Way for Closed-Loop Biofuel Refineries "Bionic" Liquids...

117

Molecular simulation as a tool for studying lignin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignocellulosic biomass provides a sustainable source of sugars for biofuel and biomaterial production. However, biomass resistance to degradation imposes difficulties for economical conversion of plant carbohydrates to fermentable sugars. One of the key contributors to recalcitrance is lignin. Understanding the properties of lignin macromolecules in the cell wall matrix is useful for manipulating biomass structure to generate more easily degradable biomass. Along with experimental techniques such as 2D-NMR and mass spectrometry, computational techniques can be useful for characterizing the structural and energetic properties of the biomass assembly and its individual constituents. Here, we provide a brief introduction to lignin, review some of the recent, relevant scientific literature, and give our perspectives on the role of molecular simulation in understanding lignin structure.

Sangha, Amandeep K [ORNL; Petridis, Loukas [ORNL; Smith, Jeremy C [ORNL; Ziebell, Angela L [ORNL; Parks, Jerry M [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Lignin valorization through integrated biological funneling and chemical catalysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...catalytic upgrading. There is significant versatility and modularity in each step, enabling adaptation to different biomass feedstocks and desired fuel and chemical portfolios, thus holding promise toward industrial application. Namely, lignin depolymerization...

Jeffrey G. Linger; Derek R. Vardon; Michael T. Guarnieri; Eric M. Karp; Glendon B. Hunsinger; Mary Ann Franden; Christopher W. Johnson; Gina Chupka; Timothy J. Strathmann; Philip T. Pienkos; Gregg T. Beckham

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Hydrothermal Processing of Lignin for Bio-crude Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. There are a wide range of biomass feedstocks on the globe that can be converted through a variety of technologies of the biomass feedstock when the reactor was at the desired conditions. HTL conversion of Alkali lignin produced

Toor, Saqib

120

NREL Overcomes Obstacles in Lignin Valorization (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This NREL Highlight is being produced for the 2015 February Alliance S&T Board meeting, and describes research that shows lignin can be converted into renewable fuels, chemicals, and materials.

Not Available

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Sorption properties of technical lignins. III. IR-spectral investigation of the sorption capacity of technical lignins and their derivatives in relation to bile acids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been established by IR-spectral investigations that the sorption of bile acids by technical lignins takes...

G. N. Dalimova; É. L. Kristallovich

122

Apparatus for reducing the moisture content in combustible material by utilizing the heat from combustion of such material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes apparatus for preparing moisture containing fuel material for combustion to produce heat energy and for applying the heat energy from the combustion for lowering the moisture content in the fuel material prior to combustion, the improvement comprising: boiler means for the combustion of the fuel material to produce heat energy, grinding apparatus for preparing the fuel material to produce heat energy; means for collecting prepared fuel material and for feeding the collected fuel material to the boiler means; a main gaseous fluid and fuel material conduit system; a second conduit system connecting the boiler means and the grinding apparatus to conduct heat energy to the grinding apparatus; connecting means between the returning side of the main conduit system and the boiler means for maintaining the main conduit system at a negative pressure to promote the flow of hot gaseous medium from the boiler means to the gringing apparatus.

Williams, R.M.

1992-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

123

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN ASSESSMENT FOR THE CO-FIRING OF BIO-REFINERY SUPPLIED LIGNIN PROJECT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The major aspects of this project are proceeding toward completion. Prior to this quarter, design criteria, tentative site selection, facility layout, and preliminary facility cost estimates were completed and issued. Processing of bio-solids was completed, providing material for the pilot operations. Pilot facility hydrolysis production has been completed to produce lignin for co-fire testing and the lignin fuel was washed and dewatered. Both the lignin and bio-solids fuel materials for co-fire testing were sent to the co-fire facility (EERC) for evaluation and co-firing. EERC has received coal typical of the fuel to the TVA-Colbert boilers. This material was used at EERC as baseline material and for mixing with the bio-fuel for combustion testing. All the combustion and fuel handling tests at EERC have been completed. During fuel preparation EERC reported no difficulties in fuel blending and handling. Preliminary co-fire test results indicate that the blending of lignin and bio-solids with the Colbert coal blend generally reduces NO{sub x} emissions, increases the reactivity of the coal, and increases the ash deposition rate on superheater surfaces. Deposits produced from the fuel blends, however, are more friable and hence easier to remove from tube surfaces relative to those produced from the baseline Colbert coal blend. The final co-fire testing report is being prepared at EERC and will be completed by the end of the second quarter of 2002. The TVA-Colbert facility has neared completion of the task to evaluate co-location of the Masada facility on the operation of the power generation facility. The TVA-Colbert fossil plant is fully capable of providing a reliable steam supply. The preferred steam supply connection points and steam pipeline routing have been identified. The environmental review of the pipeline routing has been completed and no major impacts have been identified. Detailed assessment of steam export impacts on the Colbert boiler system have been completed and a cost estimate for the steam supply system was completed. The cost estimate and output and heat rate impacts have been used to determine a preliminary price for the exported steam. TVA is further evaluating the impacts of adding lignin to the coal fuel blend and how the steam cost is impacted by proximity of the Masada biomass facility.

Ted Berglund; Jeffrey T. Ranney; Carol L. Babb; Jacqueline G. Broder

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Label-free in situ imaging of lignification in the cell wall of low lignin transgenic Populus trichocarpa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the cell wall of low lignin transgenic Populus trichocarpaand 1,700 cm ¡1 , diVerences in lignin signal intensity andSpatial heterogeneity in the lignin composition, in particu-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Photochemical and microbial degradation of dissolved lignin phenols: Implications for the fate of terrigenous dissolved organic matter in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photochemical and microbial degradation of dissolved lignin phenols: Implications for the fate level characterizations of dissolved lignin were conducted in Mississippi River plume waters to study degradation were the primary factors affecting lignin concentrations. At salinities >25 psu, photooxidation

Hernes, Peter J.

126

Synchrotron Vacuum-Ultraviolet Postionization Mass Spectrometry with Laser and Ion Probes for Intact Molecular Spatial Mapping of Lignin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alcohol and Alkali and Organosolv Lignins with SynchrotronAlcohol and Alkali and Organosolv Lignins with Synchrotronof ~6.6 MW/cm 2 , (b) organosolv lignin (Sigma Aldrich)

Takahashi, Lynelle Kazue

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Evidence for Complex Molecular Architectures for Solvent-Extracted Lignins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin, an abundant, naturally occurring biopolymer, is often considered 'waste' and used as a simple fuel source in the paper-making process. However, lignin has emerged as a promising renewable resource for engineering materials, such as carbon fibers. Unfortunately, the molecular architecture of lignin (in vivo and extracted) is still elusive, with numerous conflicting reports in the literature, and knowledge of this structure is extremely important, not only for materials technologies, but also for production of biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol due to biomass recalcitrance. As such, the molecular structures of solvent-extracted (sulfur-free) lignins, which have been modified using various acyl chlorides, have been probed using small-angle X-ray (SAXS) and neutron (SANS) scattering in tetrahydrofuran (THF) solution along with hydrodynamic characterization using dilute solution viscometry and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) in THF. Mass spectrometry shows an absolute molecular weight {approx}18-30 kDa ({approx}80-140 monomers), while GPC shows a relative molecular weight {approx}3 kDa. A linear styrene oligomer (2.5 kDa) was also analyzed in THF using SANS. Results clearly show that lignin molecular architectures are somewhat rigid and complex, ranging from nanogels to hyperbranched macromolecules, not linear oligomers or physical assemblies of oligomers, which is consistent with previously proposed delignification (extraction) mechanisms. Future characterization using the methods discussed here can be used to guide extraction processes as well as genetic engineering technologies to convert lignin into value added materials with the potential for high positive impact on global sustainability.

Rials, Timothy G [ORNL; Urban, Volker S [ORNL; Langan, Paul [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Investigation of Lignin Deposition on Cellulose During Hydrothermal Pretreatment, Its Effect on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investigation of Lignin Deposition on Cellulose During Hydrothermal Pretreatment, Its Effect Ridge, Tennessee ABSTRACT: In dilute acid pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass, lignin has been shown formed by hydrothermal pretreatment of a mixture of Avicel cellulose and poplar wood showed that lignin

California at Riverside, University of

129

Enhanced Expression and Hydrogen Peroxide Dependence of Lignin Peroxidase from Streptomyces viridosporus T7A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhanced Expression and Hydrogen Peroxide Dependence of Lignin Peroxidase from Streptomyces of Streptomyces viridosporus T7A lignin peroxidase isoform ALiP-P3 were increased by formulating a novel corn analysis. In addition, the lignin peroxidase activity was found to be highly dependent upon

Wood, Thomas K.

130

Studies on a brittle stem mutant of rice, Oryza sativa L. ; characterization of lignin fractions,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies on a brittle stem mutant of rice, Oryza sativa L. ; characterization of lignin fractions 78850 Thiverva!-Grignon SUMMARY Lignin fractions, associated p-coumaric and ferulic acids and polysaccharides have been characterized in the straw and in three lignin fractions isolated from the rice cultivar

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

131

Early diagenesis of carbohydrates and lignin in mangrove sediments subject to variable redox  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Early diagenesis of carbohydrates and lignin in mangrove sediments subject to variable redox Abstract A comparative study of lignin and neutral carbohydrate compositions, combined with C, N and 13C and lignin in brackish to hypersaline fine-grained mangrove sediments characterized by great changes in redox

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

132

Lignin-degrading peroxidases in Polyporales: an evolutionary survey based on 10 sequenced genomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lignin-degrading peroxidases in Polyporales: an evolutionary survey based on 10 sequenced genomes genes from the manganese peroxidase (MnP), lignin peroxidase (LiP) and versatile peroxidase (VP. Incorporation of an exposed tryptophan residue involved in oxidative degradation of lignin in a short Mn

Hibbett, David S.

133

Lignin degradation in wood-feeding insects Scott M. Geib*, Timothy R. Filley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lignin degradation in wood-feeding insects Scott M. Geib*, Timothy R. Filley , Patrick G. Hatcher, Deerfield, WI, and approved July 7, 2008 (received for review May 30, 2008) The aromatic polymer lignin lignocellulose degraded passes through arthropod guts, the fate of lignin in these systems is not known. Using

134

Effect of Xylan and Lignin Removal by Batch and Flowthrough Pretreatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Xylan and Lignin Removal by Batch and Flowthrough Pretreatment on the Enzymatic understand these trade-offs, comparative data are reported on xylan and lignin removal and enzymatic with just water enhanced the xylan dissolution rate, more than doubled total lignin removal, and increased

California at Riverside, University of

135

2,4-Dichlorophenol Degradation Using Streptomyces viridosporus T7A Lignin Peroxidase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2,4-Dichlorophenol Degradation Using Streptomyces viridosporus T7A Lignin Peroxidase Dennis C. Yee, California 92697-2575 The Streptomyces viridosporus T7A bacterium produces the extracellular lignin from the ping- pong bireactant system that is typically used for horseradish peroxidase and lignin

Wood, Thomas K.

136

Influence de la teneur en lignines des aliments sur la composition des digesta et la production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Note Influence de la teneur en lignines des aliments sur la composition des digesta et la essentiellement par leur teneur en lignines Van Soest : 7,4 ; 12,8 et 16 p. 100. Les contenus de l'estomac, de l trois heures, durant 24 heures. L'accroissement de la teneur en lignines des aliments augmente la teneur

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

137

Author's personal copy Fate of CuO-derived lignin oxidation products during plant combustion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Author's personal copy Fate of CuO-derived lignin oxidation products during plant combustion natural chars originating from combustion of angiosperm/gymnosperm and woody/non-woody plants. The lignin to study the impact of combustion on lignins and their commonly used parameters. Our results show

Louchouarn, Patrick

138

A comparative genomic analysis of the oxidative enzymes potentially involved in lignin degradation by Agaricus bisporus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A comparative genomic analysis of the oxidative enzymes potentially involved in lignin degradation an important role in lignin degradation. On the other hand, the expression patterns of the related CROs suggest of the global carbon cycle. This substrate is composed of lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose and is degraded

Fried, Jeremy S.

139

Lignin biomarkers as tracers of mercury sources in lakes water column  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lignin biomarkers as tracers of mercury sources in lakes water column Jean-Franc¸ois Ouellet � Marc the autochthonous from the allochthonous organic matter (OM), lignin derived biomarker signa- tures [Lambda, S/V, C/V, P/(V ? S), 3,5-Bd/V and (Ad/Al)v] were used. Since lignin is exclusively produced by terrigenous

Long, Bernard

140

A Tomato Peroxidase Involved in the Synthesis of Lignin and Suberin1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Tomato Peroxidase Involved in the Synthesis of Lignin and Suberin1 Mo´nica Quiroga, Consuelo´laga, Spain (A.B.) The last step in the synthesis of lignin and suberin has been proposed to be catalyzed in the synthesis of lignin and suberin, five peroxidases from tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) roots, representing

Málaga, Universidad de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Radiocarbon Dating of Individual Lignin Phenols: A New Approach for Establishing Chronology of Late  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiocarbon Dating of Individual Lignin Phenols: A New Approach for Establishing Chronology of Late- ered to sediments. We demonstrate that lignin phenols isolated from lake sediments using reversed phase for establishing chronology during the late Quaternary. We developed a procedure to purify lignin phenols, building

Hu, Feng Sheng

142

Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil Kristen M. DeAngelis1 Abstract Lignin is often the most difficult portion of plant biomass to degrade, with fungi generally thought to dominate during late stage decomposition. Lignin in feedstock plant material represents

Hazen, Terry

143

Rumen microbial degradation of modified lignin plants observed by electron microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rumen microbial degradation of modified lignin plants observed by electron microscopy C Mign6, E-Genès-Champanelle, France The microbial degradation of modified lignin tobacco (Samson variety) plants (homozygous line 40 to the corresponding cinnamyl alcohols which are the direct monomeric precursors of the lignin. Only the stems were

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

144

Stability of Supported Ruthenium Catalysts for Lignin Gasification in Supercritical Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

However, low-temperature methods for lignin gasification are desirable, because waste heat available from high-temperature processes in industry can be utilized for energy generation.1 ... The gasification of lignin proceeded in supercritical water, and all lignin was gasified completely over Ru/TiO2 after 180 min during the first use. ... water for gasification technique of wastes. ...

Mitsumasa Osada; Osamu Sato; Kunio Arai; Masayuki Shirai

2006-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

145

Syringyl Lignin Is Unaltered by Severe Sinapyl Alcohol Dehydrogenase Suppression in Tobacco  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...lignification-related CAD genes showing large increases in sinapaldehyde in lignin...Medicago sativa]). To increase the chances of ultimately amplifying...Manipulation of lignin quality by down-regulation of cinnamyl...plants with antisense CAD gene: Wine-red lignin from coniferyl...

Abdellah Barakate; Jennifer Stephens; Alison Goldie; William N. Hunter; David Marshall; Robert D. Hancock; Catherine Lapierre; Kris Morreel; Wout Boerjan; Claire Halpin

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

146

Lignin-derived thermoplastic co-polymers and methods of preparation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a crosslinked lignin comprising a lignin structure having methylene or ethylene linking groups therein crosslinking between phenyl ring carbon atoms, wherein said crosslinked lignin is crosslinked to an extent that it has a number-average molecular weight of at least 10,000 g/mol, is melt-processible, and has either a glass transition temperature of at least 100.degree. C., or is substantially soluble in a polar organic solvent or aqueous alkaline solution. Thermoplastic copolymers containing the crosslinked lignin are also described. Methods for producing the crosslinked lignin and thermoplastic copolymers are also described.

Naskar, Amit K.; Saito, Tomonori; Pickel, Joseph M.; Baker, Frederick S.; Eberle, Claude Clifford; Norris, Robert E.; Mielenz, Jonathan Richard

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

147

PII S0016-7037(99)00100-3 Lignin biomarkers and pollen in postglacial sediments of an Alaskan lake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PII S0016-7037(99)00100-3 Lignin biomarkers and pollen in postglacial sediments of an Alaskan lake of lignin polymers and compared their composition with pollen data from the same core to assess lignin from lignin-phenol composition agree with vegetational reconstructions based on pollen assemblages

Hu, Feng Sheng

148

Structural analysis of lignin-derived carbon composite anodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lignin-based carbon composite anodes consisting of nanocrystalline and amorphous domains are studied to develop a relationship of structural properties such as crystallite size, intracrystallite d spacing, crystalline volume fraction and composite density with their pair distribution functions, as obtained from both molecular dynamics simulation and neutron scattering.

McNutt, N.W.

2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

149

Computational Analysis of the Pyrolysis of ..beta..-O4 Lignin Model Compounds: Concerted vs. Homolytic Fragmentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid transportation fuels is a very attractive technology for expanding the utilization of carbon neutral processes and reducing dependency on fossil fuel resources. As with all such emerging technologies, biomass conversion through gasification or pyrolysis has a number of obstacles that need to be overcome to make these processes cost competitive with the refining of fossil fuels. Our current efforts have focused on the investigation of the thermochemistry of the linkages between lignin units using ab initio calculations on dimeric lignin model compounds. All calculations were carried out using M062X density functional theory at the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. The M062X method has been shown to be consistent with the CBS-QB3 method while being significantly less computationally expensive. To date we have only completed the study on the b-O4 compounds. The theoretical calculations performed in the study indicate that concerted elimination pathways dominate over bond homolysis reactions under typical pyrolysis conditions. However, this does not mean that concerted elimination will be the dominant loss process for lignin. Bimolecular radical chemistry could very well dwarf the unimolecular pathways investigated in this study. These concerted pathways tend to form stable, reasonably non-reactive products that would be more suited producing a fungible bio-oil for the production of liquid transportation fuels.

Clark, J. M.; Robichaud, D. J.; Nimlos, M. R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Synthesis and Characterization of Transition Metal Complexes Useful for the Catalytic Deconstruction of Lignin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is an earth-abundant biopolymer that is grossly underutilized as a source of fuels and value-added chemicals. However, lignin is an intractable heteropolymer, which makes it difficult to deconstruct and upgrade in many chemically selective biomass conversion routes. The development of new catalytic routes to depolymerize this recalcitrant biopolymer is required to more effectively utilize lignin. To that end, our group aims to synthesize and characterize a collection of inorganic and organometallic catalysts to promote atom-economical catalytic lignin depolymerization. These catalysts have been screened against a continuum of model compounds and biomass-derived lignin for their usefulness in the deconstruction of these substrates. In addition, we have coupled our experimental efforts with quantum mechanical calculations to elucidate the mechanisms of catalysts to identify the mechanisms of lignin depolymerization. Detailed synthetic procedures, as well as spectroscopic and crystallographic characterization and DFT calculations will be presented.

Chmely, S. C.; Kim, S.; Beckham, G. T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Mechanistic Study of the Acid Degradation of Lignin Model Compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is a major constituent of biomass, which remains underutilized in selective biomass conversion strategies to renewable fuels and chemicals. Here we are interested in understanding the mechanisms related to the acid deconstruction of lignin with a combined theoretical and experimental approach. Two model dimers with a b-O-4 aryl ether linkage (2-phenoxy-1-phenethanol and 2-phenoxy-1-phenyl-1,3 propanediol) and model dimmers with an a-O-4 aryl ether linkage were synthesized and deconstructed in H2SO4. The major products of the acidolysis of the b-O-4 compounds consisted of phenol and two aldehydes, phenylacetaldehyde and benzaldehyde. Quantum mechanical calculations were employed to elucidate possible deconstruction mechanisms with transition state theory. To confirm proposed mechanisms several possible intermediates were studied under similar acidolysis conditions. Although the resonance time for cleavage was on the order several hours, we have shown that the cleavage of the aryl ether linkage affords phenol and aldehydes. We would next like to utilize our mechanism of aryl ether cleavage in actual lignin.

Sturgeon, M.; Kim, S.; Chmely, S. C.; Foust, T. D.; Beckham, G. T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Revue sur les mthodes de dosage de la lignine utilises en alimentation animale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Revue sur les méthodes de dosage de la lignine utilisées en alimentation animale Sylvie GIGER I 75231 Paris Cedex 05 Résumé La lignine est un composé pariétal de nature non glucidique dont la lignine dans le contexte de l'alimentation animale sont rares. Avec les données actuellement disponibles

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

153

Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is often the most difficult portion of plant biomass to degrade, with fungi generally thought to dominate during late stage decomposition. Lignin in feedstock plant material represents a barrier to more efficient plant biomass conversion and can also hinder enzymatic access to cellulose, which is critical for biofuels production. Tropical rain forest soils in Puerto Rico are characterized by frequent anoxic conditions and fluctuating redox, suggesting the presence of lignin-degrading organisms and mechanisms that are different from known fungal decomposers and oxygen-dependent enzyme activities. We explored microbial lignin-degraders by burying bio-traps containing lignin-amended and unamended biosep beads in the soil for 1, 4, 13 and 30 weeks. At each time point, phenol oxidase and peroxidase enzyme activity was found to be elevated in the lignin-amended versus the unamended beads, while cellulolytic enzyme activities were significantly depressed in lignin-amended beads. Quantitative PCR of bacterial communities showed more bacterial colonization in the lignin-amended compared to the unamended beads after one and four weeks, suggesting that the lignin supported increased bacterial abundance. The microbial community was analyzed by small subunit 16S ribosomal RNA genes using microarray (PhyloChip) and by high-throughput amplicon pyrosequencing based on universal primers targeting bacterial, archaeal, and eukaryotic communities. Community trends were significantly affected by time and the presence of lignin on the beads. Lignin-amended beads have higher relative abundances of representatives from the phyla Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Acidobacteria and Proteobacteria compared to unamended beads. This study suggests that in low and fluctuating redox soils, bacteria could play a role in anaerobic lignin decomposition.

DeAngelis, Kristen; Allgaier, Martin; Chavarria, Yaucin; Fortney, Julian; Hugenholtz, Phillip; Simmons, Blake; Sublette, Kerry; Silver, Whendee; Hazen, Terry

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

154

Characterization of trapped lignin-degrading microbes in tropical forest soil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is often the most difficult portion of plant biomass to degrade, with fungi generally thought to dominate during late stage decomposition. Lignin in feedstock plant material represents a barrier to more efficient plant biomass conversion and can also hinder enzymatic access to cellulose, which is critical for biofuels production. Tropical rain forest soils in Puerto Rico are characterized by frequent anoxic conditions and fluctuating redox, suggesting the presence of lignin-degrading organisms and mechanisms that are different from known fungal decomposers and oxygen-dependent enzyme activities. We explored microbial lignin-degraders by burying bio-traps containing lignin-amended and unamended biosep beads in the soil for 1, 4, 13 and 30 weeks. At each time point, phenol oxidase and peroxidase enzyme activity was found to be elevated in the lignin-amended versus the unamended beads, while cellulolytic enzyme activities were significantly depressed in lignin-amended beads. Quantitative PCR of bacterial communities showed more bacterial colonization in the lignin-amended compared to the unamended beads after one and four weeks, suggesting that the lignin supported increased bacterial abundance. The microbial community was analyzed by small subunit 16S ribosomal RNA genes using microarray (PhyloChip) and by high-throughput amplicon pyrosequencing based on universal primers targeting bacterial, archaeal, and eukaryotic communities. Community trends were significantly affected by time and the presence of lignin on the beads. Lignin-amended beads have higher relative abundances of representatives from the phyla Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Acidobacteria and Proteobacteria compared to unamended beads. This study suggests that in low and fluctuating redox soils, bacteria could play a role in anaerobic lignin decomposition.

DeAngelis, K.M.; Allgaier, M.; Chavarria, Y.; Fortney, J.L.; Hugenholz, P.; Simmons, B.; Sublette, K.; Silver, W.L.; Hazen, T.C.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Utilisation digestive de rations riches en lignines chez le lapin en croissance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utilisation digestive de rations riches en lignines chez le lapin en croissance: mesures de flux et digestion de la ration sont mal connus chez le lapin. L'effet de hautes teneurs en lignines sur la digestion), caractérisé essentiellement par sa teneur variable en lignines VAN SOEST: 7,4 (lot B) ; 12,8 (lot M) et 16,0 p

Boyer, Edmond

156

Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is often the most difficult portion of plant biomass to degrade, with fungi generally thought to dominate during late stage decomposition. Lignin in feedstock plant material represents a barrier to more efficient plant biomass conversion and can also hinder enzymatic access to cellulose, which is critical for biofuels production. Tropical rain forest soils in Puerto Rico are characterized by frequent anoxic conditions and fluctuating redox, suggesting the presence of lignin-degrading organisms and mechanisms that are different from known fungal decomposers and oxygen-dependent enzyme activities. We explored microbial lignin-degraders by burying bio-traps containing lignin-amended and unamended biosep beads in the soil for 1, 4, 13 and 30 weeks. At each time point, phenol oxidase and peroxidase enzyme activity was found to be elevated in the lignin-amended versus the unamended beads, while cellulolytic enzyme activities were significantly depressed in lignin-amended beads. Quantitative PCR of bacterial communities showed more bacterial colonization in the lignin-amended compared to the unamended beads after one and four weeks, suggesting that the lignin supported increased bacterial abundance. The microbial community was analyzed by small subunit 16S ribosomal RNA genes using microarray (PhyloChip) and by high-throughput amplicon pyrosequencing based on universal primers targeting bacterial, archaeal, and eukaryotic communities. Community trends were significantly affected by time and the presence of lignin on the beads. Lignin-amended beads have higher relative abundances of representatives from the phyla Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Acidobacteria and Proteobacteria compared to unamended beads. This study suggests that in low and fluctuating redox soils, bacteria could play a role in anaerobic lignin decomposition.

DeAngelis, Kristen M.; Allgaier, Martin; Chavarria, Yaucin; Fortney, Julian L.; Hugenholtz, Philip; Simmons, Blake A.; Sublette, Kerry; Silver, Whendee; Hazen, Terry C.

2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

157

On-line measurement of lignin in wood pulp by color shift of fluorescence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Lignin concentrations from wood pulp samples are measured by applying an excitation light at a selected wavelength to the samples in order to cause the lignin to emit fluorescence. A spectral distribution of the fluorescence emission is then determined. The lignin concentration is then calculated based on the spectral distribution signal. The spectral distribution is quantified by either a wavelength centroid method or a band ratio method. 6 figs.

Jeffers, L.A.; Malito, M.L.

1996-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

158

Novel seed coat lignins in the Cactaceae: structure, distribution and implications for the evolution of lignin diversity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

12 12 © 2012 The Authors. The Plant Journal © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd Received Date : 08-Jul-2012 Revised Date : 30-Aug-2012 Accepted Date : 03-Sep-2012 Article type : Original Article Novel seed coat lignins in the Cactaceae: structure, distribution and implications for the evolution of lignin diversity Fang Chen, 1,3* Yuki Tobimatsu, 2, Lisa Jackson, 1 John Ralph, 2,4 and Richard A. Dixon 1,3* 1 Plant Biology Division, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, 2510 Sam Noble Parkway, Ardmore, OK 73401, USA; 2 Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Enzyme Institute, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA; 3 DOE Bioenergy Sciences Center, Oak Ridge, TN, USA; 4 DOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Madison, WI, and Wisconsin Bioenergy

159

LIGNIN UNLOCKING PROCESS IN WOOD-FEEDING TERMITES FOR EFFECTIVE BIOMASS SUGAR RELEASE .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study explored a unique lignin unlocking process in wood-feeding termite (WFT) Coptotermes formosanus (Shiraki) for subsequent effective polysaccharide utilization during the digestion of woody… (more)

[No author

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Lignin biosynthesis in Norway spruce: from a model system to the tree.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Lignin is a hydrophobic polymer that is synthesised in the secondary cell walls of all vascular plants. It enables water conduction through the stem, supports… (more)

Koutaniemi, Sanna

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Optimizing Noncovalent Interactions Between Lignin and Synthetic Polymers to Develop Effective Compatibilizers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiments are designed and completed to identify an effective polymeric compatibilizer for lignin polystyrene blends. Copolymers of styrene and vinylphenol are chosen as the structure of the compatibilizer as the VPh unit can readily form intermolecular hydrogen bonds with the lignin molecule. Electron microscopy, thermal analysis, and neutron refl ectivity results demonstrate that among these compatibilizers, a copolymer of styrene and VPh with 20% 30% VPh most readily forms intermolecular interactions with the lignin molecule and results in the most well-dispersed blends with lignin. This behavior is explained by invoking the competition of intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonding and functional group accessibility in forming intermolecular interactions.

Henry, Nathan [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Harper, David [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK), Center for Renewable Carbon; Dadmun, Mark D [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Deciphering the Enigma of Lignification: Precursor Transport, Oxidation, and the Topochemistry of Lignin Assembly  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plant lignification is a tightly regulated complex cellular process that occurs via three sequential steps: the synthesis of monolignols within the cytosol; the transport of monomeric precursors across plasma membrane; and the oxidative polymerization of monolignols to form lignin macromolecules within the cell wall. Although we have a reasonable understanding of monolignol biosynthesis, many aspects of lignin assembly remain elusive. These include the precursors transport and oxidation, and the initiation of lignin polymerization. This review describes our current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying monolignol transport and oxidation, discusses the intriguing yet least-understood aspects of lignin assembly, and highlights the technologies potentially aiding in clarifying the enigma of plant lignification.

Liu C. J.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Lignin dynamics in arable soils as determined by 13C natural abundance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Lignin is the second most abundant polymer in nature after the polysaccharides cellulose and hemicellulose. It is a main component in plant cell walls, where… (more)

Hofmann, A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Effect of raw material and Kraft Pulping Conditions on Characteristics of Dissolved Lignin.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Lignin is one of the main components in wood and during the chemical pulping processes it is degraded and dissolved into the cooking liquor.… (more)

Svärd, Antonia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Lignin as Both Fuel and Fusing Binder in Briquetted Anthracite Fines for Foundry Coke Substitute.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Lignin that had been extracted from Kraft black liquor was investigated as a fusing binder in briquetted anthracite fines for a foundry coke substitute. Cupola… (more)

Lumadue, Matthew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Forest Biomass and Lignocellulosic Materials Forest-derived biopolymers lignin and cellulose  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Biomass and Lignocellulosic Materials Forest-derived biopolymers lignin and cellulose of sustainable products such as nanocellulose and biocomposites from forest biomass; biorefining to develop high

Li, Mo

167

Reduced postprandial energy expenditure and increased exogenous fat oxidation in young woman after ingestion of test meals with a low protein content  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Macronutrient composition of diets can influence energy balance in humans. We tested the hypothesis whether low protein content in single meals may induce lower values of energy expenditure (EE) and fat oxidation...

Klaus J Petzke; Susanne Klaus

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Conversion of lignin precursors to carbon fibers with nanoscale graphitic domains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is one of the most abundant and inexpensive natural biopolymers. It can be efficiently converted to low cost carbon fiber, monolithic structures or powders that could be used directly in the production of anodes for lithium-ion batteries. In this work, we report processing parameters relevant for the conversion of lignin precursors into electrochemically active carbon fibers, the impact of lignin precursor modification on melt processing and the microstructure of the final carbon material. The conversion process encompasses melt spinning of the lignin precursor, oxidative stabilization and a low temperature carbonization step in a nitrogen/hydrogen atmosphere. To assess electrochemical performance, we determined resistivities of individual carbon fiber samples and characterized the microstructure by scanning electron microscopy and neutron diffraction. The chemical modification and subsequent thermomechanical processing methods reported here are effective for conversion into carbon fibers while preserving the macromolecular backbone structure of lignin. Modification of softwood lignin produced functionalities and rheological properties that more closely resemble hardwood lignin thereby enabling the melt processing of softwood lignin in oxidative atmospheres (air). Structural characterization of the carbonized fibers reveals nanoscale graphitic domains that are linked to enhanced electrochemical performance.

Chatterjee, Sabornie [ORNL; Jones, Eric B [ORNL; Clingenpeel, Amy [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (Magnet Lab), Florida; McKenna, Amy [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (Magnet Lab), Florida; Rios, Orlando [ORNL; McNutt, Nicholas W [ORNL; Keffer, David J. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Johs, Alexander [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Influence of Syringyl to Guaiacyl Ratio on the Structure of Natural and Synthetic Lignins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acid-soluble lignin present in the liquor after the removal of solid Klason lignin was estimated by UV spectrometry at 205 nm (TAPPI useful method UM-250). ... 648 (14), 558 (45), 528 (21), 527 (50), 468 (28), 456 (20), 455 (59), 437 (46), 428 (19), 73 (100) ...

Takao Kishimoto; Wakako Chiba; Kaori Saito; Kazuhiko Fukushima; Yasumitsu Uraki; Makoto Ubukata

2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

170

Gamma irradiation effects on the biodegradation of lignin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parts: biological utilization of irradiated Calcium Lignosulphonate (CLS) and irradiation effects on the composition of CLS. The CLS used in this study was a commercially available lignin compound which is produced by flash evaporation of spent... 4/ X / 2. 0 3. 0 4. 0 5. 0 6. 0 7. 0 Wavelength in microns 8. 0 9. 0 28 CHAPTER VI RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS A commercia I CLS was irradiated in a dry state to various total dose levels of Co-60 gamma rays. The effects on the structure...

Krysinski, Thomas Leon

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Base-Catalyzed Depolymerization of Lignin: Separation of Monomers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In our quest for fractionating lignocellulosic biomass and valorizing specific constitutive fractions, we have developed a strategy for the separation of 12 added value monomers generated during the hydrolytic based-catalyzed depolymerization of a Steam Exploded Aspen Lignin. The separation strategy combines liquid-liquid-extraction (LLE), followed by vacuum distillation, liquid chromatography (LC) and crystallization. LLE, vacuum distillation and flash LC were tested experimentally. Batch vacuum distillation produced up to 4 fractions. Process simulation confirmed that a series of 4 vacuum distillation columns could produce 5 distinct monomer streams, 3 of which require further chromatography and crystallization for purification.

Vigneault, A.; Johnson, D. K.; Chornet, E.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Transformations of 14C lignin cell walls of wheat by a fungus and by bacteria from the rumen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformations of 14C lignin cell walls of wheat by a fungus and by bacteria from the rumen MA but little is known about the fate of lignins. The aim of this work was to study the transformation of 14C lignins of wheat straw by ruminal bacteria and fungi. Cell walls of wheat straw apical internodes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

173

Origin and diagenesis of lignin and carbohydrates in mangrove sediments of Guadeloupe (French West Indies): Evidence for a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Origin and diagenesis of lignin and carbohydrates in mangrove sediments of Guadeloupe (French West the molecular composition (carbohydrates and lignin-derived phenols) of these organic deposits in relationship synthesized by bacteria. On the other hand, lignin phenols were lost rather slowly, i.e. at a similar or lower

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

174

Bioconversion of Beetle-Killed Lodgepole Pine Using SPORL: Process Scale-up Design, Lignin Coproduct, and High Solids Fermentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bioconversion of Beetle-Killed Lodgepole Pine Using SPORL: Process Scale-up Design, Lignin downstream processing but also lignin coproduct potentials.1,4 Several pretreatment processes demonstrated, remains a challenge.9,10 The concentrations of both the soluble lignin and sugar degradation products

175

VIRAL INHIBITION STUDIES ON SULFATED LIGNIN, A CHEMICALLY MODIFIED BIOPOLYMER AND A POTENTIAL MIMIC OF HEPARAN SULFATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VIRAL INHIBITION STUDIES ON SULFATED LIGNIN, A CHEMICALLY MODIFIED BIOPOLYMER AND A POTENTIAL MIMIC; HSV, herpes simplex virus; IdoAp, iduronic acid residue; LS, lignin sulfate; MoS, morin sulfate; Keywords: Lignin sulfate; Heparan sulfate mimics; Anti-viral activity; Molecular modeling; HIV; HSV #12

Desai, Umesh R

176

The Paleozoic origin of enzymatic mechanisms for lignin degradation reconstructed using 31 fungal genomes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wood is a major pool of organic carbon that is highly resistant to decay, owing largely to the presence of lignin. The only organisms capable of substantial lignin decay are white rot fungi in the Agaricomycetes, which also contains non?lignin-degrading brown rot and ectomycorrhizal species. Comparative analyses of 31 fungal genomes (12 generated for this study) suggest that lignin-degrading peroxidases expanded in the lineage leading to the ancestor of the Agaricomycetes, which is reconstructed as a white rot species, and then contracted in parallel lineages leading to brown rot and mycorrhizal species. Molecular clock analyses suggest that the origin of lignin degradation might have coincided with the sharp decrease in the rate of organic carbon burial around the end of the Carboniferous period.

Floudas, Dimitrios; Binder, Manfred; Riley, Robert; Barry, Kerrie; Blanchette, Robert A; Henrissat, Bernard; Martinez, Angel T.; Otillar, Robert; Spatafora, Joseph W.; Yadav, Jagit S.; Aerts, Andrea; Benoit, Isabelle; Boyd, Alex; Carlson, Alexis; Copeland, Alex; Coutinho, Pedro M.; de Vries, Ronald P.; Ferreira, Patricia; Findley, Keisha; Foster, Brian; Gaskell, Jill; Glotzer, Dylan; Gorecki, Pawel; Heitman, Joseph; Hesse, Cedar; Hori, Chiaki; Igarashi, Kiyohiko; Jurgens, Joel A.; Kallen, Nathan; Kersten, Phil; Kohler, Annegret; Kues, Ursula; Kumar, T. K. Arun; Kuo, Alan; LaButti, Kurt; Larrondo, Luis F.; Lindquist, Erika; Ling, Albee; Lombard, Vincent; Lucas, Susan; Lundell, Taina; Martin, Rachael; McLaughlin, David J.; Morgenstern, Ingo; Morin, Emanuelle; Murat, Claude; Nagy, Laszlo G.; Nolan, Matt; Ohm, Robin A.; Patyshakuliyeva, Aleksandrina; Rokas, Antonis; Ruiz-Duenas, Francisco J.; Sabat, Grzegorz; Salamov, Asaf; Samejima, Masahiro; Schmutz, Jeremy; Slot, Jason C.; St. John, Franz; Stenlid, Jan; Sun, Hui; Sun, Sheng; Syed, Khajamohiddin; Tsang, Adrian; Wiebenga, Ad; Young, Darcy; Pisabarro, Antonio; Eastwood, Daniel C.; Martin, Francis; Cullen, Dan; Grigoriev, Igor V.; Hibbett, David S.

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

177

Experimental Investigation of the Kinetics of a Ruthenium-Catalyzed Deconstruction of Lignin Model Compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is a major component of plant cell walls that is typically underutilized in selective conversion strategies for renewable fuels and chemicals. The mechanisms by which thermal and catalytic treatments deconstruct lignin remain elusive. In this work, we have investigated the kinetics of the catalytic deconstruction of lignin model compounds using a ruthenium catalyst reported by Bergman et al. in 2010. A series of investigations using NMR spectroscopy and GC/MS will be presented. In addition, we propose detailed mechanisms for lignin depolymerization with ruthenium catalysts. We have also used DFT to compute transition state geometries of catalytic cycle intermediates and compare the values determined computationally with those observed experimentally. Ultimately, our objective is to apply our methods to the design of new homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts for the effective deconstruction and valorization of lignin.

Bu, L.; Nimlos, M. R.; Shirts, M. R.; Himmel, M. E.; Crowley, M. F.; Beckham, G. T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Estimation de la digestibilit de l'herbe pture par le mouton adulte au moyen de la lignine selon Christian. Essais prliminaires (1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation de la digestibilité de l'herbe pâturée par le mouton adulte au moyen de la lignine selon determined in grazing sheep by independent methods : nitrogen and lignin faecal indexes and by the lignin ratio technique (oesophageal fistulas). Lignin determined by Christian's method, was previously shown

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

179

Synthesis and characterization of lignin-based carbon materials with tunable microstructure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin-based carbons can be used as a low-cost alternative to graphite and petroleum-based carbons enabling the production of sustainable, functional carbon materials for various applications. The microstructure development of these carbons can be controlled through chemical modification of the lignin precursor and choice of carbonization parameters. In this work, microstructured carbon materials are synthesized from lignin using a combination of chemical modification and carbon fiber processing techniques. Lignin is modified by incorporating different ester groups which results in a precursor highly compatible with melt processing using the fiber extrusion technique and conversion into microstructured carbons by oxidative stabilization and subsequent carbonization. Furthermore, the impact of esterifications on precursor chemistry and carbonizations is investigated. A nuclear magnetic resonance study of modified lignins shows characteristic spectral changes as a result of esterifications. Ultrahigh resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry shows the modification process does not affect the polymeric character of the lignin backbone. Esterifications result in moderate shifts in O:C and H:C ratios. Thermogravimetric analysis of lignins reveals distinct differences in mass loss trends during oxidations and carbonizations.

Chatterjee, Sabornie [ORNL] [ORNL; Clingenpeel, Amy [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (Magnet Lab), Florida] [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (Magnet Lab), Florida; McKenna, Amy [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (Magnet Lab), Florida] [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (Magnet Lab), Florida; Rios, Orlando [ORNL] [ORNL; Johs, Alexander [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Lignin-assisted coal depolymerization. [Final] technical report, September 1, 1991--August 31, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liquefaction of an Illinois bituminous and a caustic lignin was studied in an initial hydrogen pressure of 140 psig. Experiments were conducted in the temperature range of 325-375{degree}C in tetralin. The addition of lignin to coal was found to be synergistic in that it significantly improves the quality and yield of the liquid products obtained. Kinetic data for coal conversion enhancement due to lignin addition were obtained. A mathematical model describing the reaction chemistry, using lignin, has been proposed and developed. The analysis of the results indicates that the intermediates produced from lignin were responsible for enhancement in coal depolymerization rate, however, the intermediates are short-lived as compared to the time needed for a significant coal conversion yield. Coal depolymerization rate was found to be a function of time; compared to processing coal alone, it doubled upon reacting coal with lignin at 375{degree}C and after 67 minutes from the beginning of the experiment. Overall mass recoveries of 95--98% of the total mass charged to the reactor were obtained. A careful statistical analysis of the data shows that coal depolymerization yield is enhanced by 11.9% due to the lignin addition. The liquids obtained were examined for their elemental composition, and molecular weight determination by size exclusion chromatography. The stability of liquid products was characterized by determining their solubility in pentane and benzene, and by evaluating the molecular weight.

Lalvani, S.B.; Muchmore, C.B.; Koropchak, J.A.; Kim, Jong Won [Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale, IL (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Mechanistic Investigation of Acid-Catalyzed Cleavage of Aryl-Ether Linkages: Implications for Lignin Depolymerization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon-oxygen bonds are the primary inter-monomer linkages lignin polymers in plant cell walls, and as such, catalyst development to cleave these linkages is of paramount importance to deconstruct biomass to its constituent monomers for the production of renewable fuels and chemicals. For many decades, acid catalysis has been used to depolymerize lignin. Lignin is a primary component of plant cell walls, which is connected primarily by aryl-ether linkages, and the mechanism of its deconstruction by acid is not well understood, likely due to its heterogeneous and complex nature compared to cellulose. For effective biomass conversion strategies, utilization of lignin is of significant relevance and as such understanding the mechanisms of catalytic lignin deconstruction to constituent monomers and oligomers is of keen interest. Here, we present a comprehensive experimental and theoretical study of the acid catalysis of a range of dimeric species exhibiting the b-O-4 linkage, the most common inter-monomer linkage in lignin. We demonstrate that the presence of a phenolic species dramatically increases the rate of cleavage in acid at 150 degrees C. Quantum mechanical calculations on dimers with the para-hydroxyl group demonstrate that this acid-catalyzed pathway differs from the nonphenolic dimmers. Importantly, this result implies that depolymerization of native lignin in the plant cell wall will proceed via an unzipping mechanism wherein b-O-4 linkages will be cleaved from the ends of the branched, polymer chains inwards toward the center of the polymer. To test this hypothesis further, we synthesized a homopolymer of b-O-4 with a phenolic hydroxyl group, and demonstrate that it is cleaved in acid from the end containing the phenolic hydroxyl group. This result suggests that genetic modifications to lignin biosynthesis pathways in plants that will enable lower severity processes to fractionate lignin for upgrading and for easier access to the carbohydrate fraction of the plant cell wall.

Sturgeon, M. R.; Kim, S.; Chmely, S. C.; Foust, T. D.; Beckham, G. T.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Reaction Pathway for Catalytic Gasification of Lignin in Presence of Sulfur in Supercritical Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Generally, very high temperatures of over 1073 K are needed for steam reformation of the lignin in the gasification process.1 Hence, low-temperature methods for lignin gasification are the most desirable, so that the waste heat from high-temperature processes in industry can be utilized for energy generation. ... While in the presence of the Ru/TiO2 catalyst, formaldehyde was completely gasified in supercritical water, similar to the gasification of lignin and 4-propylphenol. ... water for gasification technique of wastes. ...

Mitsumasa Osada; Norihito Hiyoshi; Osamu Sato; Kunio Arai; Masayuki Shirai

2007-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

183

Molecular simulation as a tool for studying lignin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Simulation Simulation as a Tool for Studying Lignin Amandeep K. Sangha, a,b Loukas Petridis, a,b Jeremy C. Smith, a,b,c Angela Ziebell, d,e and Jerry M. Parks a,b a UT/ORNL Center for Molecular Biophysics, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6309; parksjm@ornl.gov (for correspondence) b BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge, TN c Department of Biochemistry and Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Tennessee, M407 Walters Life Sciences, 1414 Cumberland Avenue, Knoxville, TN 37996 d National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401-3393; angela.ziebell@nrel.gov (for correspondence) e BioEnergy Science Center, Golden, CO Published online 30 December 2011 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). DOI 10.1002/ep.10628 Lignocellulosic biomass provides a sustainable source of sugars for biofuel and biomaterial production.

184

Quantitative Molecular Structure–Pyrolytic Energy Correlation for Hardwood Lignins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

† Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais 36570-000, Brazil ... The use of renewable resources has emerged as a powerful alternative to fossil fuels because not only does it provide a local solution to energy dependence but it also helps to minimize environmental impacts by closing the greenhouse gas (CO2) loop. ... A kinetic anal. of the thermal decompn. of eucalyptus sawdust, cellulose, and eucalyptus kraft lignin was accomplished from temp.-programmed reaction expts., using two different approaches: the 1st assumed an overall reaction model, whereas in the 2nd, pyrolysis was viewed as a process consisting of multiple reactions in parallel and a distribution of activation energies is derived. ...

Teresa Cristina Fonseca Silva; Ricardo Baillerini Santos; Hasan Jameel; Jorge Luiz Colodette; Lucian A. Lucia

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

185

Structural Analysis of Novel Lignin-derived Carbon Composite Anodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of novel lignin-based carbon composite anodes consisting of nanocrystalline and amorphous domains motivates the understanding of a relationship of the structural properties characterizing these materials, such as crystallite size, intracrystallite dspacing, crystalline volume fraction and composite density, with their pair distribution functions (PDF), obtained from both molecular dynamics simulation and neutron scattering. A model for these composite materials is developed as a function of experimentally measurable parameters and realized in fifteen composite systems, three of which directly match all parameters of their experimental counterparts. The accurate reproduction of the experimental PDFs using the model systems validates the model. The decomposition of the simulated PDFs provides an understanding of each feature in the PDF and allows for the development of a mapping between the defining characteristics of the PDF and the material properties of interest.

McNutt, Nicholas W [ORNL; Rios, Orlando [ORNL; Feygenson, Mikhail [ORNL; Proffen, Thomas E [ORNL; Keffer, David J [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Gasification of Organosolv-lignin Over Charcoal Supported Noble Metal Salt Catalysts in Supercritical Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Charcoal supported metal salt catalysts showed activities for the lignin gasification at 673 K, especially the catalysts without chloride anion showed the complete gasification. The order of activity for the gasification

Aritomo Yamaguchi; Norihito Hiyoshi; Osamu Sato; Masayuki Shirai

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Lignin Modification with Carboxylic Acids and Butyrolactone under Cold Plasma Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The modification of organosolv lignin powder (ALCELL) with different carboxylic acids such as oleic, lactic, and butyric acids and butyrolactone under cold plasma discharge has been performed. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), attenuated total ...

Oana Chirila; Marian Totolin; Georgeta Cazacu; Marius Dobromir; Cornelia Vasile

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

188

Determination of absolute molecular mass distribution and other structural properties of kraft lignin samples.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Lignin is an aromatic macromolecule present in wood and also a by-product in the process of making paper. For a long time, this by-product… (more)

Chedid, Fadia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Synthesis and Characterization of Metal Complexes to be Employed in the Catalytic Depolymerization of Lignin Model Compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is an earth-abundant biopolymer that is grossly underutilized as a value stream in current biomass conversion technologies because there exist no economic and technically feasible routes for lignin depolymerization and upgrading to fuels and chemicals. The development of new mild and selective catalytic routes to depolymerize this recalcitrant biopolymer is required to more effectively utilize lignin. To that end, our group aims to synthesize and characterize a collection of organometallic catalysts to promote atom-economical catalytic lignin deconstruction. These catalysts have been screened against dimeric lignin model compounds in order to gain mechanistic insights into their modes of action. In addition, experimental efforts have been coupled with quantum mechanical calculations to elucidate solution behavior of the catalysts as well as the mechanisms of lignin depolymerization. Detailed synthetic procedures, as well as spectroscopic and crystallographic characterization and DFT calculations will be presented.

Chmely, S. C.; Kim, S.; Beckham, G. T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

O-Dmthylation et mtabolisme du groupe mthoxyle de l'acide vanillique, monomre modle de la lignine,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lignine, par la bactérie du rumen Syntrophococcus sucromutans J Doré MP Bryant2 1 Laboratoire de Sciences, Urbana, IL 61801, USA Summary ― The O-demethylation of a lignin monomer by washed cells'assurer une des pre- mières étapes de la dégradation des mo- nomères aromatiques dérivés de la lignine : la

Boyer, Edmond

191

Production and field performance of transgenic alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) expressing alpha-amylase and manganese-dependent lignin peroxidase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transgenic alfalfa plants expressing Bacillus licheniformis alpha-amylase and manganese-dependent lignin peroxidase (Mn-P...Phanerochaete chrysosporium were produced using the Agrobacterium tumefaciens...transfor...

S. Austin; E. T. Bingham; D. E. Mathews…

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The molecular characterization of the lignin-forming peroxidase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This laboratory is committed to understanding the function of plant peroxidases via a multi-disciplinary approach. We have chosen the lignin-forming peroxidase from tobacco as the first isoenzyme to be subjected to this comprehensive approach. The goals which were set out upon the initiation of this project were as follows: (1) utilize a cDNA clone to the tobacco anionic peroxidase to generate transgenic plants which either over-produced this isoenzyme or specifically under-produced this isoenzyme via antisense RNA, (2) describe any phenotypic changes resulting from altered peroxidase expression, (3) perform morphological, physiological, and biochemical analysis of the above mentioned plants to help in determining the in planta function for this enzyme, and (4) clone and characterize the gene for the tobacco anionic peroxidase. A summary of progress thus far which includes both published and unpublished work will be presented in three sections: generation and characterization of transgenic plants, description of phenotypes, and biochemical and physiological analysis of peroxidase function, and cloning and characterization of the tobacco anionic peroxidase gene.

Lagrimini, L.M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Unravelling lignin formation and structure. Final report, April 1, 1988--March 31, 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During this study, we established that the Fagaceae exclusively accumulate Z-monolignois/glucosides, and not the E-isomers. Evidence for the presence of a novel E{yields}Z isomerse has been obtained. Our pioneering work in lignin biosynthesis and structure in situ has also progressed smoothly. We established the bonding environments of a woody angiosperm, Leucanea leucocephala, as well as wheat (T. aestivum) and tobacco (N. tabacum). A cell culture system from Pinus taeda was developed which seems ideal for investigating the early stages of lignification. These cultures excrete peroxidase isozymes, considered to be specifically involved in lignin deposition. We also studied the effect of the putative lignin-degrading enzyme, lignin peroxidase, on monolignols and dehydropolymerisates therefrom. In all cases, polymerization was observed, and not degradation; these polymers are identical to that obtained with horseradish peroxidases/H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. It seems inconceivable that these enzymes can be considered as being primarily responsible for lignin biodegradation.

Lewis, N.G. [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). Inst. of Biological Chemistry

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

194

Determining the Effect of Concerted Elimination Reactions in the Pyrolysis of Lignin Using Model Compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin pyrolysis is a significant impediment in forming liquid fuel from biomass. Lignin pyrolyzes at a higher temperature than other biomass components (ie cellulose, hemicellulose) and tends to form radicals which lead to cross linking and ultimately char formation. A primary step in advances biomass-to-fuel technology will be to discover mechanisms that can disassemble lignin at lower temperatures and depolymerize lignin into more stable products. We have investigated the thermochemistry of the various inter-linkage units found in lignin ({beta}-O4, {alpha}-O4, {beta}-{beta}, {beta}-O5, etc) using electronic structure calculations at the M06-2x/6-311++G(d,p) on a series of dimer model compounds. In addition to the usually-assumed bond homolysis reactions, we have investigated a variety of concerted elimination pathways that will tend to produce closed-shell stable products. Such a bottom-up approach could aid in the targeted development of catalysts that produce more desirable products under less severe reactor conditions.

Robichaud, D.; Clark, J.; Nimlos, M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

The Effect of Flow Rate of Very Dilute Sulfuric Acid on Xylan, Lignin, and Total Mass Removal from Corn Stover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Effect of Flow Rate of Very Dilute Sulfuric Acid on Xylan, Lignin, and Total Mass Removal from mass, xylan, and lignin and increases cellulose digestibility compared to batch operations at otherwise in corn stover at 180 °C. A flow rate of 10 mL/min in a 3.8-mL reactor enhanced xylan removal by about 25

California at Riverside, University of

196

Experimental and Computational Methods for the Deconstruction and Valorization of Lignin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is among the most abundant natural heteropolymers on Earth. While lignin represents an abundant feedstock material for the production of renewable fuels and value-added chemicals, it is an underutilized value stream in current biomass conversion technologies because there exist no economic and technically feasible routes for lignin depolymerization and upgrading. My work at NREL has focused on elucidating deconstruction pathways of this recalcitrant polymer using homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts. This entails testing putative catalyst species against a library of model compounds as well as using computational modeling of the substrates and catalysts to determine thermodynamic and kinetic parameters. From these preliminary studies, I hope to develop strategies for the selective conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals. Synthetic techniques applicable to a model compound library, synthesis and spectroscopic characterization of catalyst species, as well as DFT studies of all of the aforementioned will be presented.

Chmely, S. C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Magnetic lignin-derived carbonaceous catalyst for the dehydration of fructose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in dimethylsulfoxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A magnetic carbonaceous catalyst was prepared by a simple and inexpensive impregnation–carbonization–sulfonation process using the enzymatic hydrolysis lignin residue as a precursor. The resulting catalyst possessed a porous structure with a high surface area and contained Fe3O4 components and SO3H, COOH and phenolic OH groups, and it showed a good catalytic activity for the dehydration of fructose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). By optimizing the reaction conditions, a high HMF yield of 81.1% with 100% fructose conversion was achieved in the presence of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) at 130 °C for 40 min. More importantly, the magnetic lignin-derived carbonaceous catalyst could be easily separated from the reaction mixture by using an external magnet, and when it was reused 5 successive runs, no obvious decrease in the yield of HMF was observed, indicating that the magnetic lignin-derived carbonaceous catalyst also exhibited an excellent catalytic stability.

Lei Hu; Xing Tang; Zhen Wu; Lu Lin; Jiaxing Xu; Ning Xu; Benlin Dai

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Examination of the thermal decomposition of kraft pine lignin by Fourier transform infrared evolved gas analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermal decomposition of kraft lignin was examined by Fourier-transform IR evolved-gas analysis, a technique designed for on-the-fly, simultaneous monitoring of multiple vapor-phase species. Initial degradation occurs at 120-300 degrees from bond fragmentation in the phenylpropane side chains as evidenced by the formation of HCO2H, HCHO, CO2, H2O and SO2. The presence of SO2 is supporting evidence that S from the kraft pulping process may be incorporated into the lignin structure in the form of sulfoxide and(or) sulfone linkages. Major decomposition initiates at approximately 300 degrees and extends to 480 degrees at which point half the intital weight has been lost. MeOH 2-methoxyphenol (guaiacol), and a 2-methoxy-4-alkyl- substituted phenol are the most apparent species evolving in this region and indicate fragmentation of the major chain linkages between the monomeric phenol units in the lignin structure.

Fenner, R.A.; Lephardt, J.O.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Deciphering the impact of land-uses on terrestrial organic matter and mercury inputs to large boreal lakes of central Qubec using lignin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

boreal lakes of central Québec using lignin biomarkers Matthieu Moingt , Marc Lucotte, Serge Paquet in sediment cores. In each core, THg concentrations gradually increased over the recent years. Using lignin a powerful tool to reconstruct both Hg and TOM transfers from the watersheds to the aquatic systems. Lignin

200

Influence of light on labelling of wheat stem lignins using [U14C] phenylalanine or [O14CH3] sinapic acid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of light on labelling of wheat stem lignins using [U14C] phenylalanine or [O14CH3, 118, route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex, France In order to investigate the fate of lignin during lignin in the dark or in the light. Batches of 5 wheat-straw upper internodes (flowery stage) were

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Catalytic C-O Bond Cleavage of 2-Aryloxy-1-arylethanols and Its Application to the Depolymerization of Lignin-Related Polymers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Lignin-Related Polymers Jason M. Nichols, Lee M. Bishop, Robert G. Bergman,* and Jonathan A. Ellman yield. This reaction is applicable to breaking the key ethereal bond found in lignin-related polymers depolymerization of a lignin-related polymer quantitatively yields the corresponding monomer with no added reagent

202

Comparative results of the combustion of lignin briquettes and black coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new type of biofuel - hydrolytic lignin briquettes - was tested as compared with ordinary SS coal from the Kuznetsk Basin in fuel-bed firing in a Universal-6 boiler. It was found that the (total) efficiency of the boiler with the firing of lignin briquettes was 38% higher than that with the use of black coal. Carbon loss in the combustion of briquettes was 1%, whereas it was 48.2% in the combustion of black coal. The emission of harmful gas pollutants into the environment in the combustion of briquettes was lower than that in the combustion of coal by a factor of 4.5.

V.G. Lurii [Institute for Fossil Fuels, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

Method of separating lignocellulosic material into lignin, cellulose and dissolved sugars  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for separating lignocellulosic material into (a) lignin, (b) cellulose, and (c) hemicellulose and dissolved sugars. Wood or herbaceous biomass is digested at elevated temperature in a single-phase mixture of alcohol, water and a water-immiscible organic solvent (e.g., a ketone). After digestion, the amount of water or organic solvent is adjusted so that there is phase separation. The lignin is present in the organic solvent, the cellulose is present in a solid pulp phase, and the aqueous phase includes hemicellulose and any dissolved sugars.

Black, S.K.; Hames, B.R.; Myers, M.D.

1998-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

204

Method of separating lignocellulosic material into lignin, cellulose and dissolved sugars  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for separating lignocellulosic material into (a) lignin, (b) cellulose, and (c) hemicellulose and dissolved sugars. Wood or herbaceous biomass is digested at elevated temperature in a single-phase mixture of alcohol, water and a water-immiscible organic solvent (e.g., a ketone). After digestion, the amount of water or organic solvent is adjusted so that there is phase separation. The lignin is present in the organic solvent, the cellulose is present in a solid pulp phase, and the aqueous phase includes hemicellulose and any dissolved sugars.

Black, Stuart K. (Denver, CO); Hames, Bonnie R. (Westminster, CO); Myers, Michele D. (Dacono, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Tracking Hemicellulose and Lignin Deconstruction During Hydrothermal Pretreatment of Biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and use of ethanol from cellulosic energy crops grown inand use of ethanol from cellulosic energy crops grown in6 , the density and energy content of ethanol were assumed

McKenzie, Heather Lorelei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Comparative results of the combustion of lignin briquettes and black coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new type of biofuel—hydrolytic lignin briquettes—was tested as compared with ordinary SS coal in fuel-bed firing in a Universal-6 boiler. It was found that the (total) efficiency of the boiler with the firin...

V. G. Lurii

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Isolation and Quantification of Dissolved Lignin from Natural Waters Using Solid-Phase Extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) in preparation for CuO oxidation. Capillary GC coupled to selected-ion monitoring mass spectrometry (SIM and quantification of trace levels of lignin in seawater. The low blanks and quick cleanup of C18 cartridges support and diagenetic state of vascular plant material9-11 and thus "fingerprint" riverine DOM. Such "fingerprinting

Louchouarn, Patrick

208

Genome Sequence of Streptomyces viridosporus Strain T7A ATCC 39115, a Lignin-Degrading Actinomycete  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We announce the availability of the genome sequence of Streptomyces viridosporus strain T7A ATCC 39115, a plant biomass- degrading actinomycete. This bacterium is of special interest because of its capacity to degrade lignin, an underutilized compo- nent of plants in the context of bioenergy. It has a full complement of genes for plant biomass catabolism.

Davis, Jennifer R. [Brown University; Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Teshima, Hazuki [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Huntemann, Marcel [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Wei, Chia-Lin [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Chen, Amy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mavromatis, K [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Szeto, Ernest [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Markowitz, Victor [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mikhailova, Natalia [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ovchinnikova, Galina [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pagani, Ioanna [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Peters, Lin [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Sello, Jason K. [Brown University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Inheritance, gene expression, and lignin characterization in a mutant pine deficient in cinnamyl alcohol?dehydrogenase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Springer , Berlin ), pp 65 – 70 . 23 Bjorkman A ( 1954 ) Nature (London) 174 : 1057 – 1058 . 24 Effland M J ( 1977 ) Tappi 60 : 143 – 144 . 25 Dence C W ( 1992 ) in Methods in Lignin Chemistry , eds Lin S E Dence C W ( Springer , Berlin ), pp 33...

John J. MacKay; David M. O’Malley; Timothy Presnell; Fitzgerald L. Booker; Malcolm M. Campbell; Ross W. Whetten; Ronald R. Sederoff

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

On the characterization and spinning of solvent extracted lignin towards the manufacture of low-cost carbon fiber  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: A Kraft hardwood lignin (HWL) and an organic-purified hardwood lignin (HWL-OP) were evaluated as potential precursors for the production of lowcost carbon fibers. It was found that the unpurified HWL exhibited poor spinnability while the HWL-OP exhibited excellent spinnability characteristics. Fibers of various diameters were obtained from the HWL-OP. Thermostabilization studies showed that oxidative stabilization can only be used to convert HWL-OP-based fibers into carbon fibers if extremely low heating rates are applied. Carbonized lignin-based fibers had tensile strength of 0.51 GPa and tensile modulus of 28.6 GPa. VC

Baker, Darren A [ORNL; Gallego, Nidia C [ORNL; Baker, Frederick S [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Global bioenergy potential from high-lignin agricultural residue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...commodities as the proportion of each grid cell. Energy content of the drupe endocarp...virgatum), 18.5 MJ/kg; and hybrid poplar (Populus sp.) 19.3 MJ/kg...per person. The geospatial grid display uses 10 quantiles...developing decentralized energy infrastructure requires capital investment...

Venugopal Mendu; Tom Shearin; J. Elliott Campbell; Jr; Jozsef Stork; Jungho Jae; Mark Crocker; George Huber; Seth DeBolt

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Global bioenergy potential from high-lignin agricultural residue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The geospatial grid display uses...proportion of each grid cell. Energy content of the drupe endocarp...MJ/kg; and hybrid poplar (Populus...The geospatial grid display uses...comparative energy portfolio contribution...decentralized energy infrastructure requires capital...

Venugopal Mendu; Tom Shearin; J. Elliott Campbell; Jr; Jozsef Stork; Jungho Jae; Mark Crocker; George Huber; Seth DeBolt

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Production and field performance of transgenic alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) expressing alpha-amylase and manganese-dependent lignin peroxidase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transgenic alfalfa plants expressinBacillus licheniformis alpha-amylase and mangaese-dependent lignin peroxidase (Mn-P...Phanerochaete chrysosporium were produced using the Agrobacterium tumefaciens...transformat...

S. Austin; E. T. Bingham; D. E. Mathews; M. N. Shahan; J. Will; R. R. Burgess

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Reduced viscosity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n. (1) (IUPAC: viscosity number) Reduced viscosity is the fluid viscosity increase per unit of polymer solute concentration.... where ? ...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Structural changes in switchgrass lignin and hemicelluloses during pretreatments by NMR analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

changes changes in switchgrass lignin and hemicelluloses during pretreatments by NMR analysis Reichel Samuel a, c , Marcus Foston a, c , Nan Jiang a, c , Lenong Allison a, c , Arthur J. Ragauskas a, b, c, * a School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA b Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA c BioEnergy Science Center, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 14 May 2011 Received in revised form 13 August 2011 Accepted 25 August 2011 Available online xxx Keywords: Switchgrass Pretreatment HSQC NMR analysis Lignin a b s t r a c t Switchgrass is currently being developed as a sustainable bio-energy crop due to its broad adaptability, high mass yield and low agricultural input. Its current conversion to biofuels is detrimentally impacted by its native recalcitrance which is typically addressed using

216

A Preliminary Study of Oxidation of Lignin from Rubber Wood to Vanillin in Ionic Liquid Medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, lignin was oxidised to vanillin by means of oxygen in ionic liquid (1,3-dimethylimidazolium methylsulphate) medium. The parameters of the oxidation reaction that have been investigated were the following: concentration of oxygen (5, 10, 15 and 20 ft3 h-1), reaction time (2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 h) and reaction temperature (25, 40, 60, 80 and 100{\\deg}C). The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, high performance liquid chromatography and ultraviolet-visible analyses were used to characterise the product. The results revealed vanillin as the product obtained via the oxidation reaction. The optimum parameters of vanillin production were 20 ft3 h-1 of oxygen for 10 h at 100{\\deg}C. In conclusion, 1,3-dimethylimidazolium methylsulphate could be used as an oxidation reaction medium for the production of vanillin from rubber wood lignin.

Shamsuri, A A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Effect of the Temperature on the Composition of Lignin Pyrolysis Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bioenergy Research Group, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, United Kingdom ... There is a lack of quantitative information on the temperature dependence of the interesting phenolic compounds in the literature, which is important for converting lignin into value-added aromatic compounds through the pyrolysis route. ... The maximum temperature for the PyGC?MS study was set at 800 °C after reviewing the yield of phenolic compounds, which peaked around 600 °C. ...

Guozhan Jiang; Daniel J. Nowakowski; Anthony V. Bridgwater

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

218

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic...

219

energy content  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

energy content, (weight) strength ? Arbeitsvermögen n (im ballistischen Mörser gemessen), Sprengenergie f (im ballistischen Mörser gemessen) [Mit 10 g Sprengstoff ermittelt

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Radical Coupling Reactions in Lignin Synthesis: A Density Functional Theory Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is a complex, heterogeneous polymer in plant cell walls that provides mechanical strength to the plant stem and confers resistance to degrading microbes, enzymes, and chemicals. Lignin synthesis initiates through oxidative radical-radical coupling of monolignols, the most common of which are p-coumaryl, coniferyl, and sinapyl alcohols. Here, we use density functional theory to characterize radical-radical coupling reactions involved in monolignol dimerization. We compute reaction enthalpies for the initial self- and cross-coupling reactions of these monolignol radicals to form dimeric intermediates via six major linkages observed in natural lignin. The 8-O-4, 8-8, and 8-5 coupling are computed to be the most favorable, whereas the 5-O-4, 5-5, and 8-1 linkages are less favorable. Overall, p-coumaryl self- and cross-coupling reactions are calculated to be the most favorable. For cross-coupling reactions, in which each radical can couple via either of the two sites involved in dimer formation, the more reactive of the two radicals is found to undergo coupling at its site with the highest spin density.

Sangha, A. K.; Parks, J. M.; Standaert, R. F.; Ziebell, A.; Davis, M.; Smith, J. C.

2012-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

222

Direct Detection of Soil mRNAs using Targeted Microarrays for Genes Associated with Lignin Degradation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microarrays have become established tools for describing microbial systems, however the assessment of expression profiles for environmental microbial communities still presents unique challenges. Notably, the concentration of particular transcripts are likely very dilute relative to the pool of total RNA, and PCR-based amplification strategies are vulnerable to amplification biases and the appropriate primer selection. Thus, we apply a signal amplification approach, rather than template amplification, to analyze the expression of genes encoding selected lignin-degrading enzymes in soil. Controls in the form of known amplicons and cDNA from Phanerochaete chrysosporium were included and mixed with the soil cDNA both before and after the signal amplification in order to assess the dynamic range of the microarray. We demonstrate that restored prairie soil expresses a diverse range of genes encoding lignin-degrading enzymes following incubation with lignin substrate, while farmed agricultural soil does not. The mixed additions of control cDNA with soil cDNA does interfere with detection of the low abundance transcripts, nevertheless this microarray approach consistently reports the higher-abundance transcripts which present more robust signals.

Bailey, Vanessa L.; Fansler, Sarah J.; Bandyopadhyay, Somnath; Smith, Jeff L.; Waters, Katrina M.; Bolton, Harvey

2010-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

223

Improved Wood Properties Through Genetic Manipulation: Engineering of Syringyl Lignin in Softwood Species Through Xylem-Specific Expression of Hardwood Syringyl Monolignol Pathway Genes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Project Objective: Our long-term goal is to genetically engineer higher value raw materials with desirable wood properties to promote energy efficiency, international competitiveness, and environmental responsiveness of the U.S. forest products industry. The immediate goal of this project was to produce the first higher value softwood raw materials engineered with a wide range of syringyl lignin quantities. Summary: The most important wood property affecting directly the levels of energy, chemical and bleaching requirements for kraft pulp production is lignin. Softwoods contain almost exclusively chemically resistant guaiacyl (G) lignin, whereas hardwoods have more reactive or easily degradable lignins of the guaiacyl (G)-syringyl (S) type. It is also well established that the reactive S lignin component is the key factor that permits much lower effective alkali and temperature, shorter pulping time and less bleaching stages for processing hardwoods than for softwoods. Furthermore, our pulping kinetic study explicitly demonstrated that every increase in one unit of the lignin S/G ratio would roughly double the rate of lignin removal. These are clear evidence that softwoods genetically engineered with S lignin are keys to revolutionizing the energy efficiency and enhancing the environmental performance of this industry. Softwoods and hardwoods share the same genetic mechanisms for the biosynthesis of G lignin. However, in hardwoods, three additional genes branch out from the G-lignin pathway and become specifically engaged in regulating S lignin biosynthesis. In this research, we simultaneously transferred aspen S-specific genes into a model softwood, black spruce, to engineer S lignin.

Chandrashekhar P. Joshi; Vincent L. Chiang

2009-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

224

A review on pyrolysis of biomass constituents: Mechanisms and composition of the products obtained from the conversion of cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The conversion of biomass by thermochemical means is very promising for the substitution of fossil materials in many energy applications. Given the complexity of biomass the main challenge in its use is to obtain products with high yield and purity. For a better understanding of biomass thermochemical conversion, many authors have studied in TG analyzer or at bed scale the individual pyrolysis of its main constituents (i.e. cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin). Based on these studies, this original work synthesizes the main steps of conversion and the composition of the products obtained from each constituent. Pyrolysis conversion can be described as the superposition of three main pathways (char formation, depolymerization and fragmentation) and secondary reactions. Lignin, which is composed of many benzene rings, gives the highest char yield and its depolymerization leads to various phenols. The depolymerization of the polysaccharides is a source of anhydro-saccharides and furan compounds. The fragmentation of the different constituents and the secondary reactions produce CO, CO2 and small chain compounds. For temperature higher than 500 °C, the residues obtained from the different constituents present a similar structure, which evolves towards a more condensed polyaromatic form by releasing CH4, CO and H2. As the aromatic rings and their substituent composition have a critical influence on the reactivity of pyrolysis products, a particular attention has been given to their formation. Some mechanisms are proposed to explain the formation of the main products. From the results of this study it is possible to predict the reactivity and energy content of the pyrolysis products and evaluate their potential use as biofuels in renewable applications.

François-Xavier Collard; Joël Blin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

222014 5:11:47 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" "Sourcekey","EMMEPM0PTENUSDPG","EMMEPM0UPTENUSDPG","EMMEPM0RPTENUS...

226

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,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:08:27 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9012MO2" "Date","Missouri...

227

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,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9262014 3:44:37 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Pipeline & Distribution Use " "Sourcekey","N9170US2","NA1480SAL2","NA1480SAK2","NA1480SAZ...

228

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PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Russia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0ERENUS-NRSDMCF"...

229

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,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:04:55 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural...

230

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,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:03 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Texas...

231

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,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:04:41 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural...

232

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,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:11:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1:...

233

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,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:32:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1:...

234

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,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:04 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Virginia...

235

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:26:30 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama...

236

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:01 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Rhode...

237

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:04:58 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural...

238

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:04:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Vermont...

239

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:01:10 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1:...

240

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,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:00 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oregon...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:01:53 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Utah...

242

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:06:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Michigan...

243

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:01:30 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New...

244

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:04:52 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural...

245

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:24:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kansas...

246

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S....

247

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:02 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: South...

248

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:03 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Tennessee...

249

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:01:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Montana...

250

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:01:32 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New...

251

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:04:54 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural...

252

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:04 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Utah...

253

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:04:31 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural...

254

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:00 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oklahoma...

255

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:08:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Illinois...

256

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:06:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Maryland...

257

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:01:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percent...

258

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:01 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1:...

259

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:01:54 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Virginia...

260

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:04:51 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural...

262

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:05:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural...

263

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:05 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1:...

264

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wyoming...

265

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:05 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Vermont...

266

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:01:57 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1:...

267

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:23:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West...

268

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:00:57 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Iowa...

269

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1162014 3:01:45 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: South...

270

Xylan and Lignin Deposition on the Secondary Wall of Fagus Crenata Fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT The secondary wall ultrastructure of Fagus crenata fibers was examined using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). Specimens were treated with sodium chlorite and xylanase to remove lignin and xylan, respectively. Microfibrils were clearly visible at the innermost surface of the differentiating fiber secondary wall and there were no globular substances observed in the control specimen. After delignification or xylanase-degradation, microfibrils remained almost the same size and had the same appearance as controls. Anti-xylan antiserum immunolabeling, however, indicated that the microfibrils were coated with very thin layer of xylan1. Microfibrils were not apparent in the secondary wall of the mature fiber in control specimens. The secondary wall appeared to be a single homogeneous substance. Microfibrils with many globular substances were observed in the delignified specimens and their diameter was larger than that of microfibrils at the surface of the differentiating secondary wall. Following xylanase treatment, the microfibrils had a smooth surface without any globules, indicating that the globular structure is xylan. On the basis of these results, we propose the following mechanism for secondary wall assembly. Cellulose microfibrils synthesized on the plasma membrane are released into the innermost surface of the secondary wall and coated with a very thin layer of xylan that was previously deposited there. Successive deposition of xylan into the cell wall increases the diameter of the microfibrils. The large amount of xylan deposited on the microfibrils has a globular appearance. Lignin deposition occurs simultaneously with xylan deposition and, finally, microfibrils with globular xylan are masked with lignin, resulting in the homogeneous appearance of the cell wall.

Tatsuya Awano; Keiji Takabe; Minoru Fujita

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

CINNAMYL ALCOHOL DEHYDROGENASE-C and -D Are the Primary Genes Involved in Lignin Biosynthesis in the Floral Stem of Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cad-d mutants, and this increase in transcript level seems to...that the signal is of high quality), A (absent, indicating...Manipulation of lignin quality by downregulation of cinnamyl...plants with antisense CAD gene: Wine-red lignin from coniferyl...

Richard Sibout; Aymerick Eudes; Gregory Mouille; Brigitte Pollet; Catherine Lapierre; Lise Jouanin; Armand Séguin

2005-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

272

CEDR Content  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CEDR Content" CEDR Content" "The Consolidated Energy Data Report (CEDR) consists of 27 worksheets that should be completed by each site, as applicable, and included as part each site's SSP in a MS Excel electronic format. The CEDR is due to the SPO no later than December 9th." "Worksheet",,"Overview","Action" 1.1,"Content","Stand-alone overview of the CEDR tabs.","None" 2.1,"Funds, Meters, Training","Collects information on energy and water spending, and metering status.","If applicable, complete cells highlighted in orange. Edited and new data cells should be highlighted in light blue." 3.1,"BTU & Gal Key","Reference tab containing all factors and dropdown menu information for all tabs starting with ""3"". If you need to divide up the CEDR, please keep all tabs starting with ""3"" together to ensure calculation links are not broken. ","None"

273

Continuous on-line measurement of lignin concentration in wood pulp  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We are working toward the development of an instrument for the continuous, on-line measurement of the lignin concentration in wood pulp. The instrument is based on laser induced fluorescence of the wood pulp and is to be used as a primary sensor for both feedback control of the pulping and feedforward control of bleaching. We report here the results of a series of laboratory tests that characterized the fluorescence properties of wood pulp and demonstrated a correlation between various fluorescence functions and the Kappa number of the pulps as determined by TAPPI Procedure T236.

Jeffers, L.A.; Roman, G.W.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Ptr-miR397a is a negative regulator of laccase genes affecting lignin content in Populus trichocarpa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...processes such as energy transduction...KV ( 1976 ) Renewable resources for...metabolic grids: Coniferyl...status and challenges . Brief Bioinform...grants from National Science Foundation...F1. Volume integration of contours...status and challenges. Brief Bioinform...InterProScan: An integration platform for...

Shanfa Lu; Quanzi Li; Hairong Wei; Mao-Ju Chang; Sermsawat Tunlaya-Anukit; Hoon Kim; Jie Liu; Jingyuan Song; Ying-Hsuan Sun; Lichai Yuan; Ting-Feng Yeh; Ilona Peszlen; John Ralph; Ronald R. Sederoff; Vincent L. Chiang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Workbook Contents" Workbook Contents" ,"U.S. State-to-State capacity" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","Units of Measurement","Frequency","Updated Date" ,"Pipeline State-to-State Capacity","State-to-State capacity","Million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d)","Quarterly","application/vnd.ms-excel" ,"State Inflow Capacity","Inflow capacity from other States","Million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d)","Quarterly","application/vnd.ms-excel" ,"State Outflow Capacity","Outflow capacity to other States","Million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d)","Quarterly","application/vnd.ms-excel"

276

Current Biology 19, 169175, January 27, 2009 2009 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved DOI 10.1016/j.cub.2008.12.031 Discovery of Lignin in Seaweed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.cub.2008.12.031 Report Discovery of Lignin in Seaweed Reveals Convergent Evolution of Cell in the evolution of terrestrial plants from aquatic ancestors some 475 million years ago [1­3]. Lignins, complex an erect-growth habit in air. Although ``lignin-like'' compounds have been identi- fied in primitive green

Martone, Patrick T.

277

Comparison of selected fuel and chemical content values for seven Populus hybrid clones  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fuel and chemical content values were determined for seven Populus clones by component (wood, bark, and wood/bark specimens) and tissue age (1 to 8 years old). The fuel and chemical content values obtained included: gross heat of combustion, extractives, holocellulose, alpha-cellulose, lignin and ash. In general, analysis of the data for the wood, bark, and wood/bark specimens indicated that: 1) wood was higher in holocellulose and alpha-cellulose content than bark; 2) bark was higher in gross heat of combustion, lignin, extractive, and ash content values than wood; and 3) combined wood/bark fuel and chemical content values were usually between the individual values for the wood and bark. Statistical analyses indicated that significant differences existed within and among clones. Within the wood, bark, and wood/bark specimens, tissue age influenced the chemical content values more than the parentage. Potential chemical yields derived from the seven Populus hybrid clones investigated will depend on component and age with limited parentage effects. 15 references.

Blankenhorn, P.R.; Bowersox, T.W.; Kuklewski, K.M.; Stimely, G.L.; Murphey, W.K.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Reduce Stress!  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Stress! Stress! x Take a break every hour. Do some relaxation or stretching exercises or talk with someone about topics unrelated to work. Give your body and mind a rest. x Massage your hands and forearms several times a day with a vitamin E lotion. The massage will improve circulation and break up adhesions. Since you can't touch a keyboard until the lotion is absorbed, it also enforces a good break. x Massage the muscles in your neck working your way down from the skull to the shoulders, applying more force to the larger muscles as you go down. x Periodically evaluate your environment for ways to reduce stress. Try to keep your desk uncluttered so you can always find things. Make sure programs are set up correctly on the computer, and see if you can use a macro program to reduce

279

Chemical Characterization of Lignin and Lipid Fractions in Industrial Hemp Bast Fibers Used for Manufacturing High-Quality Paper Pulps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Klason lignin was estimated as the residue after sulfuric acid hydrolysis of the pre-extracted material, and neutral sugars from polysaccharide hydrolysis were analyzed as alditol acetates by GC according to Tappi rules T222 om-88 and T249 om85 (14), respectively. ... 57/341/369/437/453/760 ...

Ana Gutiérrez; Isabel M. Rodríguez; José C. del Río

2006-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

280

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ngm_epg0_fgc_sky_mmcfa.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/ngm_epg0_fgc_sky_mmcfa.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:59:11 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (MMcf) " "Sourcekey","NGM_EPG0_FGC_SKY_MMCF" "Date","Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (MMcf) "

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Conceptual design assessment for the co-firing of bio-refinery supplied lignin project. Quarterly report, June 23--July 1, 2000  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Conceptual Design Assessment for the Co-Firing of Bio-Refinery Supplied Lignin Project was successfully kicked off on July 23, 2000 during a meeting at the TVA-PPI facility in Muscle Shoals, AL. An initial timeline for the study was distributed, issues of concern were identified and a priority actions list was developed. Next steps include meeting with NETL to discuss de-watering and lignin fuel testing, the development of the mass balance model and ethanol facility design criteria, providing TVA-Colbert with preliminary lignin fuel analysis and the procurement of representative feed materials for the pilot and bench scale testing of the hydrolysis process.

Berglund, T.; Ranney, J.T.; Babb, C.L.

2000-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

282

Active reagents from brown coal and hydrolysis lignin and their interaction with calcium phosphates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method has been developed for producing active reagents from brown coal and hydrolysis lignin by their oxidation with dilute nitric acid. The products obtained contain up to 30 and 46% respectively of humic acids with active functional groups. Reactions of oxidized and ammoniated coal with mono,- di-, and tricalcium phosphate have also been studied. The variation of the composition and yield of the reaction products with the ratio of the substances taken have been investigated. It has been found that the addition of oxidized coal to mono-, di-, and tricalcium phosphate raised the quantity of the water-soluble P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ froms, i.e., this hinders phosphorous fixation in the soil.

Rubinchik, G.F.; Adylkhodzhaeva, T.A.; Tadzhiev, A.T.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Iodine Treatment of Lignin–Cellulose Acetate Electrospun Fibers: Enhancement of Green Fiber Carbonization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Iodine Treatment of Lignin–Cellulose Acetate Electrospun Fibers: Enhancement of Green Fiber Carbonization ... The chemical composition of the samples were analyzed using an Oxford Instruments X-Max20 energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS), Thermo Scientific Nicolet 6700 Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer with a GladiATR single reflection ATR accessory (operated between 400 and 4000 cm–1 with a 4 cm–1 resolution averaged over 40 scans), and Renishaw Raman spectrometer operated using a 785 nm near-infrared laser (1100–1900 cm–1 with a 0.8 cm–1 resolution averaged over 3 scans). ... This work presents a systematic study of the ratio between the integrated intensities of the disorder-induced D and G Raman bands (ID/IG) in nanographite samples with different crystallite sizes (La) and using different excitation laser energies. ...

Makoto Schreiber; Singaravelu Vivekanandhan; Amar Kumar Mohanty; Manjusri Misra

2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

284

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010pa2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010pa2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:52 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Pennsylvania Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010PA2" "Date","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,279817 25019,285978 25384,295027 25749,297022 26114,304327

285

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Bcf)" Bcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Dry Natural Gas Production (Bcf)",1,"Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9070us1m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9070us1m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:33:14 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Dry Natural Gas Production (Bcf)"

286

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1504_nus_4m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1504_nus_4m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:46:14 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas % of Total Residential - Sales (%)" "Sourcekey","NA1504_NUS_4" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas % of Total Residential - Sales (%)" 37271,98.3 37302,98.5 37330,98.4 37361,98.1

287

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n5050us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n5050us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:29:09 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Total Natural Gas Injections into Underground Storage (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5050US2" "Date","U.S. Total Natural Gas Injections into Underground Storage (MMcf)" 26679 26710 26738 26769 26799

288

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010hi2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010hi2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:19 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Hawaii Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010HI2" "Date","Hawaii Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 29402,1416 29767,1289 30132,1197 30497,1121 30863,1048 31228,625 31593,579 31958,591

289

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010tx2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010tx2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:59 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Texas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010TX2" "Date","Texas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,201407 25019,211763 25384,220728 25749,232189 26114,237387 26480,240662

290

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040nd2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040nd2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:40 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: North Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040ND2" "Date","North Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,232 35110,193 35139,232 35170,176 35200,230 35231,258 35261,269

291

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010de3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010de3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:15 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Delaware Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010DE3" "Date","Delaware Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

292

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020fl2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020fl2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Florida (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020FL2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Florida (MMcf)"

293

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ct2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ct2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Connecticut (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020CT2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Connecticut (MMcf)"

294

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020az2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020az2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:17 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Arizona (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020AZ2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Arizona (MMcf)"

295

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ca2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ca2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:19 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in California (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020CA2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in California (MMcf)"

296

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020dc2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020dc2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:24 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in the District of Columbia (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020DC2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in the District of Columbia (MMcf)"

297

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020co2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020co2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:21 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Colorado (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020CO2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Colorado (MMcf)"

298

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010md2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010md2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:30 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Maryland Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010MD2" "Date","Maryland Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,77130 25019,79015 25384,84406 25749,86811 26114,87617 26480,89042

299

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040or2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040or2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:43 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oregon Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040OR2" "Date","Oregon Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079 35110 35139 35170 35200 35231 35261 35292 35323 35353 35384 35414 35445,0

300

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010wv3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010wv3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010WV3" "Date","West Virginia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010la2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010la2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:28 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Louisiana Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010LA2" "Date","Louisiana Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,74386 25019,77762 25384,82965 25749,86148 26114,79893 26480,82847

302

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010al3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010al3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AL3" "Date","Alabama Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

303

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010nm3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010nm3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:45 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010NM3" "Date","New Mexico Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

304

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010id2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010id2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:22 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Idaho Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010ID2" "Date","Idaho Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,6179 25019,6545 25384,6980 25749,7711 26114,8455 26480,10887 26845,9947 27210,9652

305

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010wa2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010wa2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:05 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Washington Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010WA2" "Date","Washington Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,23160 25019,26342 25384,30479 25749,31929 26114,33934 26480,38631

306

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ok2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ok2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:42 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oklahoma Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040OK2" "Date","Oklahoma Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079 35110 35139 35170 35200 35231 35261 35292 35323 35353 35384 35414 35445,0

307

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9132us3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9132us3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:27 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9132US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 35445,4.08

308

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040nm2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040nm2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:40 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NM2" "Date","New Mexico Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,5992 25019,5987 25384,4058 25749,2909 26114,2823 26480,5696 26845,3791 27210,1227

309

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040sd2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040sd2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:43 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: South Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040SD2" "Date","South Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,0 25019,0 25384,0 25749,0 26114,0 26480,0 26845,0 27210,0 27575,4 27941,5

310

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040co2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040co2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:33 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Colorado Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040CO2" "Date","Colorado Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,2656 25019,1514 25384,1326 25749,7126 26114,2843 26480,4758 26845,3008 27210,2957

311

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3035us4a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3035us4a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:25:09 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)" "Sourcekey","N3035US4" "Date","Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)"

312

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ny2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ny2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:41 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NY2" "Date","New York Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,1 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0 33496,0

313

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ma2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ma2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Massachusetts Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010MA2" "Date","Massachusetts Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,73471 25019,74919 25384,78451 25749,82646 26114,83434 26480,86171

314

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040mt2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040mt2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:39 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Montana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MT2" "Date","Montana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,32 35110,38 35139,34 35170,40 35200,43 35231,27 35261,63 35292,59 35323,60

315

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040us2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040us2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:45 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 13331,392528 13696,526159 14061,649106 14426,677311 14792,655967 15157,630212 15522,626782 15887,684115

316

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040mi2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040mi2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:38 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Michigan Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MI2" "Date","Michigan Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,277 35110,277 35139,277 35170,277 35200,277 35231,277 35261,277

317

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1997" Annual",2012,"6/30/1997" ,"Data 2","Futures Prices",4,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1993" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_pri_fut_s1_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_fut_s1_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:13 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Spot Price" "Sourcekey","RNGWHHD","NGM_EPG0_PLC_NUS_DMMBTU" "Date","Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)","U.S. Natural Gas Liquid Composite Price (Dollars per Million Btu)"

318

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9012us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9012us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:55:55 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9012US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (MMcf)" 33253,475614 33526,500196 33984,513068 34015,462218

319

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ne2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ne2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:40 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Nebraska Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NE2" "Date","Nebraska Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0 33496,0

320

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040pa2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040pa2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:43 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Pennsylvania Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040PA2" "Date","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9050us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9050us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:57:04 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9050US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)" 26679,1948000 26710,1962000 26738,1907000 26769,1814000 26799,1898000 26830,1839000

322

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbbl_a.xls" mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_crd_crpdn_adc_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/27/2013 9:07:23 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Crude Oil Production" "Sourcekey","MCRFPUS1","MCRFPP11","MCRFPFL1","MCRFPNY1","MCRFPPA1","MCRFPVA1","MCRFPWV1","MCRFPP21","MCRFPIL1","MCRFPIN1","MCRFPKS1","MCRFPKY1","MCRFP_SMI_1","MCRFPMO1","MCRFPNE1","MCRFPND1","MCRFPOH1","MCRFPOK1","MCRFPSD1","MCRFPTN1","MCRFPP31","MCRFPAL1","MCRFPAR1","MCRFPLA1","MCRFPMS1","MCRFPNM1","MCRFPTX1","MCRFP3FM1","MCRFPP41","MCRFPCO1","MCRFPMT1","MCRFPUT1","MCRFPWY1","MCRFPP51","MCRFPAK1","MCRFPAKS1","MANFPAK1","MCRFPAZ1","MCRFPCA1","MCRFPNV1","MCRFP5F1"

323

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020al2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020al2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:11 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Alabama (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020AL2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Alabama (MMcf)"

324

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9100us3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9100us3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:53:51 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9100US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 31228,3.21 31593,2.43 31958,1.95 32324,1.84

325

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","rngc1a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngc1a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:41 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","RNGC1" "Date","Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)" 34515,1.934 34880,1.692 35246,2.502 35611,2.475 35976,2.156 36341,2.319

326

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9130us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9130us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Exports (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9130US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Exports (MMcf)" 26679,5808 26710,6079 26738,4021 26769,8017 26799,8741 26830,4131 26860,5744 26891,8726 26922,6403 26952,5473

327

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ks3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ks3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:26 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kansas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010KS3" "Date","Kansas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

328

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ca2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ca2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:33 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: California Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040CA2" "Date","California Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,97 35110,103 35139,109 35170,107 35200,107 35231,104 35261,108

329

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9103us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9103us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:54:17 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9103US2" "Date","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (MMcf)" 35445,9977 35476,7667 35504,2530 35535,2557 35565,5007 35596,5059 35626,5026 35657,7535

330

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040mt2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040mt2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:39 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Montana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MT2" "Date","Montana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,5022 25019,12551 25384,26458 25749,5203 26114,4917 26480,4222 26845,3691 27210,3901

331

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040tx2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040tx2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:44 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Texas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040TX2" "Date","Texas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,2478 33284,2147 33312,2113 33343,2353 33373,3203 33404,2833 33434,3175

332

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9130us3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9130us3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:24 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9130US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 31228,4.77 31593,2.81 31958,3.07 32324,2.74

333

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ny2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ny2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:41 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NY2" "Date","New York Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,0 25019,0 25384,0 25749,0 26114,0 26480,0 26845,0 27210,0 27575,0 27941,0 28306,0 28671,0

334

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ks2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ks2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:35 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040KS2" "Date","Kansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,2630 25019,2529 25384,2666 25749,2713 26114,2669 26480,2681 26845,2377 27210,889 27575,846

335

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ar2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ar2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:32 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040AR2" "Date","Arkansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,23 33284,13 33312,12 33343,7 33373,13 33404,28 33434,28 33465,30

336

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010de2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010de2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:15 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Delaware Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010DE2" "Date","Delaware Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,6844 25019,7068 25384,7475 25749,7843 26114,8172 26480,8358 26845,7514

337

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbblpd_a.xls" mbblpd_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_crd_crpdn_adc_mbblpd_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/27/2013 9:07:25 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Crude Oil Production" "Sourcekey","MCRFPUS2","MCRFPP12","MCRFPFL2","MCRFPNY2","MCRFPPA2","MCRFPVA2","MCRFPWV2","MCRFPP22","MCRFPIL2","MCRFPIN2","MCRFPKS2","MCRFPKY2","MCRFP_SMI_2","MCRFPMO2","MCRFPNE2","MCRFPND2","MCRFPOH2","MCRFPOK2","MCRFPSD2","MCRFPTN2","MCRFPP32","MCRFPAL2","MCRFPAR2","MCRFPLA2","MCRFPMS2","MCRFPNM2","MCRFPTX2","MCRFP3FM2","MCRFPP42","MCRFPCO2","MCRFPMT2","MCRFPUT2","MCRFPWY2","MCRFPP52","MCRFPAK2","MCRFPAKS2","MANFPAK2","MCRFPAZ2","MCRFPCA2","MCRFPNV2","MCRFP5F2"

338

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ngm_epg0_fgc_sky_mmcfm.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/ngm_epg0_fgc_sky_mmcfm.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:59:11 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (MMcf) " "Sourcekey","NGM_EPG0_FGC_SKY_MMCF" "Date","Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (MMcf) "

339

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020hi3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020hi3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:34 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Hawaii Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3020HI3" "Date","Hawaii Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

340

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

poe2_dcu_nus-z00_a.xls" poe2_dcu_nus-z00_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_move_poe2_dcu_nus-z00_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 6:58:44 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Total Exports " "Sourcekey","N9132US2","N9132US3","N9133US2","N9133US3" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (MMcf)","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports (MMcf)","Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ms2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ms2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:38 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Mississippi Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MS2" "Date","Mississippi Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,7098 25019,5910 25384,8097 25749,7233 26114,5090 26480,3672 26845,10767 27210,10787

342

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ok3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ok3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:50 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oklahoma Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010OK3" "Date","Oklahoma Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

343

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010nd3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010nd3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:40 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: North Dakota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010ND3" "Date","North Dakota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

344

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040or2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040or2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:42 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oregon Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040OR2" "Date","Oregon Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35246 35611,0 35976,0 36341,0 36707,0 37072,0 37437,0 37802,0 38168,0 38533,0 38898,0 39263,0

345

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ky2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ky2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:27 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kentucky Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010KY2" "Date","Kentucky Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,69542 25019,75824 25384,83815 25749,86473 26114,84197 26480,85881

346

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9160us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9160us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:33:48 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9160US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption (MMcf)" 29235,93000 29266,87000 29295,93000 29326,85000

347

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9030us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9030us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:28 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed from Natural Gas (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9030US2" "Date","U.S. Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed from Natural Gas (MMcf)" 26679 26710 26738 26769 26799 26830 26860 26891

348

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010mi3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010mi3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:33 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Michigan Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010MI3" "Date","Michigan Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

349

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9070us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9070us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:57:08 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Dry Natural Gas Production (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9070US2" "Date","U.S. Dry Natural Gas Production (MMcf)" 35445,1617923 35476,1465907 35504,1627602 35535,1551268 35565,1610527 35596,1525325

350

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9102us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9102us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:53:55 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9102US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports (MMcf)" 35445,268310 35476,232878 35504,254455 35535,235621 35565,236725 35596,227059 35626,230567

351

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010wy2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010wy2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wyoming Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010WY2" "Date","Wyoming Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,11939 25019,12592 25384,16592 25749,17984 26114,19463 26480,22242 26845,13868

352

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ak2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ak2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:09 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Alaska (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020AK2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Alaska (MMcf)"

353

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:00 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 26679,843900 26710,747331 26738,648504 26769,465867 26799,326313

354

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010mt2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010mt2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:38 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Montana Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010MT2" "Date","Montana Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,19756 25019,19711 25384,21463 25749,24794 26114,25379 26480,23787 26845,24923

355

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9103us3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9103us3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:54:18 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas LNG Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9103US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas LNG Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 35445,3 35476,3

356

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9132us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9132us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:27 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9132US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (MMcf)" 35445,6424 35476,6846 35504,10601 35535,8211 35565,6284 35596,5741 35626,6380 35657,10101

357

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3035us4m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3035us4m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:25:10 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)" "Sourcekey","N3035US4" "Date","Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)"

358

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010wi3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010wi3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:06 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wisconsin Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010WI3" "Date","Wisconsin Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

359

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040al2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040al2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:31 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040AL2" "Date","Alabama Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,194 35110,200 35139,140 35170,132 35200,106 35231,82 35261,205 35292,152

360

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040wv2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040wv2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:46 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040WV2" "Date","West Virginia Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1993" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1993" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_pct_dc_nus_pct_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_pct_dc_nus_pct_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:23:48 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery Yield" "Sourcekey","MLRRYUS3","MGFRYUS3","MGARYUS3","MKJRYUS3","MKERYUS3","MDIRYUS3","MRERYUS3","MNFRYUS3","MOTRYUS3","MNSRYUS3","MLURYUS3","MWXRYUS3","MCKRYUS3","MAPRYUS3","MSGRYUS3","MMSRYUS3","MPGRYUS3"

362

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:23:36 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in the U.S. (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020US2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in the U.S. (MMcf)"

363

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:45 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 26679 26710 26738 26769 26799 26830 26860 26891 26922 26952 26983 27013 27044 27075 27103

364

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","11/2013","1/15/1997" Monthly","11/2013","1/15/1997" ,"Data 2","Futures Prices",4,"Monthly","11/2013","12/15/1993" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_pri_fut_s1_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_fut_s1_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:17 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Spot Price" "Sourcekey","RNGWHHD","NGM_EPG0_PLC_NUS_DMMBTU"

365

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010pa3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010pa3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:52 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Pennsylvania Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010PA3" "Date","Pennsylvania Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

366

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ut3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ut3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:02 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Utah Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010UT3" "Date","Utah Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

367

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010dc2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010dc2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:13 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: District of Columbia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010DC2" "Date","District of Columbia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 29402,13730 29767,13686 30132,13041 30497,13007

368

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010tx3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010tx3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:00 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Texas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010TX3" "Date","Texas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

369

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1993" Annual",2012,"6/30/1993" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_skn_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_skn_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:41:29 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Processing Plant " "Sourcekey","MAOSNUS1","MPPSNUS1","MLPSNUS1","METSNUS1","MPRSNUS1","MBNSNUS1","MBISNUS1"

370

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040az2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040az2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:32 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arizona Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040AZ2" "Date","Arizona Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 26114,347 26480,367 26845,277 27210,26 27575,47 27941,32 29036,101 29402,143 29767,106 30132,162

371

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ca3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ca3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:20 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: California Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3020CA3" "Date","California Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

372

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010oh3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010oh3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:49 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Ohio Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010OH3" "Date","Ohio Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

373

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020fl3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020fl3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:30 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Florida Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3020FL3" "Date","Florida Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

374

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ks2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ks2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:36 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040KS2" "Date","Kansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,63 35110,63 35139,63 35170,61 35200,62 35231,57 35261,57 35292,55 35323,56

375

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040nv2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040nv2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:41 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Nevada Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NV2" "Date","Nevada Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0 33496,0 33526,0

376

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ms2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ms2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:38 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Mississippi Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MS2" "Date","Mississippi Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,217 35110,199 35139,223 35170,219 35200,237 35231,234 35261,239

377

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9103us3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9103us3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:54:18 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas LNG Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9103US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas LNG Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 31228,4.6 31593,4.62 32324,2.71

378

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9130us3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9130us3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:24 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9130US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 32523,2.69 32554,2.4

379

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040tx2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040tx2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:44 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Texas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040TX2" "Date","Texas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,129403 25019,124584 25384,111499 25749,100305 26114,70222 26480,59821 26845,36133 27210,34431

380

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010al2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010al2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010AL2" "Date","Alabama Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,45543 25019,51708 25384,54804 25749,55779 26114,54867 26480,53397 26845,55685

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010mi2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010mi2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:33 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Michigan Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010MI2" "Date","Michigan Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,302472 25019,315694 25384,333264 25749,340033 26114,343773 26480,355266

382

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010co3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010co3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:12 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Colorado Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010CO3" "Date","Colorado Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

383

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010wa3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010wa3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:05 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Washington Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010WA3" "Date","Washington Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

384

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ak2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ak2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:05 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alaska Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010AK2" "Date","Alaska Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,1958 25019,2293 25384,4573 25749,6211 26114,6893 26480,8394 26845,5024

385

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ar2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ar2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010AR2" "Date","Arkansas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,52777 25019,56346 25384,58322 25749,59792 26114,48737 26480,47387

386

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2010 Annual",2010 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ok2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ok2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:42 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oklahoma Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040OK2" "Date","Oklahoma Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,126629 25019,129408 25384,130766 25749,129629 26114,39799 26480,38797 26845,36411

387

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020us4m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020us4m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:23:38 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)" "Sourcekey","N3020US4" "Date","Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)"

388

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ak3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ak3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:06 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alaska Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AK3" "Date","Alaska Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

389

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ca3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ca3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:11 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: California Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010CA3" "Date","California Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

390

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040la2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040la2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:37 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Louisiana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040LA2" "Date","Louisiana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,1788 33284,1684 33312,1571 33343,1593 33373,1807 33404,1690 33434,2042

391

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040tn2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040tn2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:44 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Tennessee Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040TN2" "Date","Tennessee Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0 33496,0

392

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010wi2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010wi2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:06 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wisconsin Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010WI2" "Date","Wisconsin Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,90994 25019,93425 25384,101124 25749,105208 26114,109758 26480,104648

393

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020us4a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020us4a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:23:38 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)" "Sourcekey","N3020US4" "Date","Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)"

394

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010nh3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010nh3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:43 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Hampshire Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010NH3" "Date","New Hampshire Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

395

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010in2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010in2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:24 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Indiana Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010IN2" "Date","Indiana Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,139519 25019,145955 25384,156699 25749,158699 26114,162747 26480,169267

396

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ct3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ct3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Connecticut Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3020CT3" "Date","Connecticut Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

397

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010mo3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010mo3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:36 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Missouri Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010MO3" "Date","Missouri Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

398

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040la2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040la2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:36 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Louisiana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040LA2" "Date","Louisiana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,161849 25019,166439 25384,158852 25749,154089 26114,103564 26480,63667 26845,102091

399

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ut2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ut2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:46 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Utah Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040UT2" "Date","Utah Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 34592,646 34834,696 34865,4590 34895,4767 34926,4382 34957,4389 34987,4603 35018,4932

400

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010az2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010az2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:09 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arizona Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010AZ2" "Date","Arizona Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,25376 25019,26681 25384,28426 25749,29679 26114,32619 26480,34259 26845,36280

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ak3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ak3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:06 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alaska Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AK3" "Date","Alaska Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

402

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9132us3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9132us3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:27 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9132US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 31228,3.92 31593,2.35

403

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010id3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010id3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Idaho Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010ID3" "Date","Idaho Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

404

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010me2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010me2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:32 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Maine Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010ME2" "Date","Maine Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,3967 25019,3571 25384,4910 25749,5247 26114,5591 26480,6036 26845,6027 27210,6174

405

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ne3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ne3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:42 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Nebraska Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010NE3" "Date","Nebraska Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

406

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040wy2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040wy2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:47 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wyoming Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040WY2" "Date","Wyoming Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,1498 25019,13038 25384,17632 25749,18419 26114,3860 26480,8376 26845,6618 27210,6102

407

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010mn3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010mn3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:34 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Minnesota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010MN3" "Date","Minnesota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

408

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ca2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ca2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:10 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: California Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010CA2" "Date","California Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,522122 25019,517636 25384,562127 25749,552544 26114,630998 26480,637289

409

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040sd2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040sd2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:43 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: South Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040SD2" "Date","South Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,384 33284,350 33312,382 33343,380 33373,382 33404,376 33434,405

410

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040nm2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040nm2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:41 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NM2" "Date","New Mexico Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,236 35110,220 35139,240 35170,230 35200,241 35231,229 35261,217

411

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010co2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010co2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:11 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Colorado Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010CO2" "Date","Colorado Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,75351 25019,78371 25384,81068 25749,82595 26114,84864 26480,89187

412

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Daily","12/17/2013" Daily","12/17/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","rngc2d.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngc2d.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:40 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Futures Contract 2 (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","RNGC2" "Date","Natural Gas Futures Contract 2 (Dollars per Million Btu)" 34346,2.13 34347,2.072 34348,2.139 34351,2.196 34352,2.131

413

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ar3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ar3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AR3" "Date","Arkansas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

414

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040mo2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040mo2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:38 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Missouri Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MO2" "Date","Missouri Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0 33496,0

415

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Daily","12/17/2013" Daily","12/17/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","rngc4d.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngc4d.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Futures Contract 4 (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","RNGC4" "Date","Natural Gas Futures Contract 4 (Dollars per Million Btu)" 34323,1.894 34324,1.83 34325,1.859 34326,1.895 34330,1.965

416

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9010us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9010us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:55:17 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9010US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" 26679 26710 26738 26769 26799 26830 26860 26891 26922 26952 26983 27013 27044 27075 27103

417

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ut2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ut2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:45 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Utah Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040UT2" "Date","Utah Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,3000 25019,2906 25384,2802 25749,2852 26114,2926 26480,5506 26845,7664 27210,5259 27575,1806

418

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ak2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ak2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:06 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alaska Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010AK2" "Date","Alaska Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 32523,1793 32554,2148 32582,1566 32613,1223 32643,858 32674,638

419

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040nd2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040nd2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:39 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: North Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040ND2" "Date","North Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,25795 25019,22050 25384,22955 25749,19862 26114,2686 26480,20786 26845,22533

420

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010al3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010al3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AL3" "Date","Alabama Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ar3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ar3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:09 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AR3" "Date","Arkansas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

422

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010va2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010va2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:02 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Virginia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010VA2" "Date","Virginia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,41495 25019,43582 25384,46663 25749,49554 26114,49488 26480,55427

423

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040co2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040co2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:33 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Colorado Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040CO2" "Date","Colorado Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,112 35110,77 35139,78 35170,91 35200,100 35231,89 35261,100 35292,106

424

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ga2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ga2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:17 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Georgia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010GA2" "Date","Georgia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,80322 25019,84072 25384,87878 25749,87359 26114,88319 26480,85256 26845,86191

425

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020hi2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020hi2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:33 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Hawaii (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020HI2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Hawaii (MMcf)"

426

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ga2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ga2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:31 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Georgia (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020GA2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Georgia (MMcf)"

427

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ar2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ar2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:14 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Arkansas (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020AR2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Arkansas (MMcf)"

428

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ct2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ct2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:12 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Connecticut Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010CT2" "Date","Connecticut Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,26177 25019,26437 25384,29048 25749,31187 26114,31878 26480,32879

429

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010dc3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010dc3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:14 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: District of Columbia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010DC3" "Date","District of Columbia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

430

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ri3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ri3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:54 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Rhode Island Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010RI3" "Date","Rhode Island Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

431

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010sd3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010sd3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:56 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: South Dakota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010SD3" "Date","South Dakota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

432

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020de2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020de2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:26 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Delaware (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020DE2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Delaware (MMcf)"

433

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010tn3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010tn3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:58 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Tennessee Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010TN3" "Date","Tennessee Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

434

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ny3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ny3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:48 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010NY3" "Date","New York Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

435

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010or2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010or2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:51 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oregon Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010OR2" "Date","Oregon Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,13427 25019,15126 25384,20507 25749,19742 26114,21217 26480,23331 26845,22271

436

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9140us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9140us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:33:47 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9140US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)" 36906,2676998 36937,2309464 36965,2246633 36996,1807170 37026,1522382 37057,1444378

437

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Daily","12/17/2013" Daily","12/17/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","rngc1d.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngc1d.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:45 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","RNGC1" "Date","Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)" 34347,2.194 34348,2.268 34351,2.36 34352,2.318 34353,2.252

438

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010fl3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010fl3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:16 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Florida Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010FL3" "Date","Florida Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

439

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3035us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3035us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:25:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3035US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)" 36906,686540 36937,640026 36965,664918 36996,622054 37026,576532 37057,536820

440

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040fl2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040fl2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:34 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Florida Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040FL2" "Date","Florida Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 26114,355 26480,284 27941,837 28306,607 29402,677 29767,428 30132,435 30497,198 30863,34

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ok2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ok2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:50 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oklahoma Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010OK2" "Date","Oklahoma Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,67395 25019,74782 25384,75310 25749,77460 26114,75238 26480,77608

442

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ar2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ar2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:31 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040AR2" "Date","Arkansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,997 25019,895 25384,1326 25749,226 26114,1734 26480,2649 26845,1947 27210,1716 27575,1318

443

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010me3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010me3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:32 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Maine Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010ME3" "Date","Maine Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

444

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3060us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3060us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:27:25 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the U.S. (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3060US2" "Date","Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the U.S. (MMcf)" 36906,2505011 36937,2156873 36965,2086568 36996,1663832

445

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010us2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010us2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:00 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 11139,295700 11504,294406 11870,298520 12235,283197 12600,288236 12965,313498 13331,343346

446

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010in3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010in3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:25 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Indiana Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010IN3" "Date","Indiana Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

447

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9011us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9011us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:55:36 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9011US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (MMcf)" 33253,1482053 33526,1363737 33984,1452098 34015,1305490

448

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020us3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020us3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:23:37 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3020US3" "Date","U.S. Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

449

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010nv3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010nv3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:46 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Nevada Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010NV3" "Date","Nevada Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

450

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9133us3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9133us3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:31 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9133US3" "Date","Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

451

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010sc3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010sc3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:55 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: South Carolina Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010SC3" "Date","South Carolina Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

452

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010vt2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010vt2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:03 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Vermont Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010VT2" "Date","Vermont Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 29402,1301 29767,1290 30132,1278 30497,1252 30863,1352 31228,1456 31593,1595

453

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Weekly","12/13/2013","1/10/1997" Weekly","12/13/2013","1/10/1997" ,"Data 2","Futures Prices",4,"Weekly","12/13/2013","12/24/1993" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_pri_fut_s1_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_fut_s1_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:18 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Spot Price" "Sourcekey","RNGWHHD" "Date","Weekly Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)"

454

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040in2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040in2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:35 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Indiana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9040IN2" "Date","Indiana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0

455

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ga3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ga3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:32 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Georgia Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3020GA3" "Date","Georgia Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

456

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010hi3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010hi3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:20 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Hawaii Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010HI3" "Date","Hawaii Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

457

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ks2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ks2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:26 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kansas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010KS2" "Date","Kansas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,84912 25019,89372 25384,94320 25749,97317 26114,98644 26480,100720 26845,96468

458

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9100us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9100us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:53:50 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Imports (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9100US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Imports (MMcf)" 26679,92694 26710,83870 26738,91581 26769,88407 26799,85844 26830,79121 26860,79428 26891,84400 26922,81157

459

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ga3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ga3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:18 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Georgia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010GA3" "Date","Georgia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

460

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9133us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9133us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:31 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9133US2" "Date","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports (MMcf)" 35445,5604 35476,5596 35504,5675 35535,5660 35565,3812 35596,3786 35626,3756 35657,7532

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9170us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9170us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:33:48 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline & Distribution Use (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9170US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline & Distribution Use (MMcf)" 36906,76386 36937,65770 36965,63626 36996,50736

462

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1504_nus_4a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1504_nus_4a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:46:13 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas % of Total Residential - Sales (%)" "Sourcekey","NA1504_NUS_4" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas % of Total Residential - Sales (%)" 32689,99.9 33054,99.2 33419,99.2 33785,99.1 34150,99.1 34515,99.1

463

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ct3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ct3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:13 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Connecticut Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010CT3" "Date","Connecticut Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

464

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010us3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010us3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:01 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010US3" "Date","U.S. Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

465

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040fl2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040fl2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:34 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Florida Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040FL2" "Date","Florida Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079 35110 35139 35170 35200 35231 35261 35292 35323 35353 35384 35414 35445,0

466

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040mi2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040mi2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:37 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Michigan Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MI2" "Date","Michigan Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,1861 25019,1120 25384,808 25749,809 26480,1032 26845,1117 27210,1268 27575,1612

467

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ar2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ar2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010AR2" "Date","Arkansas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 32523,6774 32554,7118 32582,6736 32613,3835 32643,1927 32674,1402

468

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010la3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010la3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Louisiana Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010LA3" "Date","Louisiana Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

469

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9100us3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9100us3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:53:51 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9100US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 32523,1.72 32554,1.88

470

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ne2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ne2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:40 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Nebraska Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NE2" "Date","Nebraska Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,0 25019,0 25384,0 25749,0 26114,1558 26480,1263 26845,834 27210,2137 27575,1398 27941,797

471

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9020us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9020us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:13 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Repressuring (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9020US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Repressuring (MMcf)" 26679 26710 26738 26769 26799 26830 26860 26891 26922 26952 26983 27013 27044 27075 27103 27134 27164

472

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2010 Annual",2010 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040pa2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040pa2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:43 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Pennsylvania Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040PA2" "Date","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,0 25019,0 25384,0 25749,0 26114,0 26480,0 26845,0 27210,98 27575,96 27941,99

473

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010oh2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010oh2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:48 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Ohio Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010OH2" "Date","Ohio Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,442360 25019,444964 25384,456414 25749,459972 26114,460820 26480,478331 26845,439212

474

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ca2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ca2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:32 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: California Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040CA2" "Date","California Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,3565 25019,2780 25384,3074 25749,2499 26114,575 26845,1999 27210,1560 27575,1537

475

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010us3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010us3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:01 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010US3" "Date","U.S. Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

476

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","11/2013" Monthly","11/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","rngc1m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngc1m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:41 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","RNGC1" "Date","Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)" 34349,2.347 34380,2.355 34408,2.109 34439,2.111 34469,1.941

477

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010az3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010az3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:09 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arizona Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AZ3" "Date","Arizona Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

478

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3045us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3045us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:26:13 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3045US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)" 36906,340292 36937,312843 36965,362843

479

TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS ...........................................................................................................................................II  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

i i ii TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS ...........................................................................................................................................II EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................................................................................... 3 INTRODUCTION......................................................................................................................................................... 4 COMPLIANCE SUMMARY ....................................................................................................................................... 6 COMPREHENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE, COMPENSATION, AND LIABILITY ACT (CERCLA) .................... 6

480

Reducing the Energy Usage of Oce Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to distill multimedia content from presentations stored on remote servers, we reduce the energy neededReducing the Energy Usage of OÃ?ce Applications Jason Flinn 1 , Eyal de Lara 2 , M. Satyanarayanan 1 University Abstract. In this paper, we demonstrate how component-based mid- dleware can reduce the energy

Flinn, Jason

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1997" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1997" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_sum_lsum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_sum_lsum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:41:46 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Dry Production (Annual Supply & Disposition) " "Sourcekey","N9070US2","NA1160_R3FM_2","NA1160_SAL_2","NA1160_SAK_2","NA1160_SAZ_2","NA1160_SAR_2","NA1160_SCA_2","NA1160_SCO_2","NA1160_SFL_2","NA1160_SIL_2","NA1160_SIN_2","NA1160_SKS_2","NA1160_SKY_2","NA1160_SLA_2","NA1160_SMD_2","NA1160_SMI_2","NA1160_SMS_2","NA1160_SMO_2","NA1160_SMT_2","NA1160_SNE_2","NA1160_SNV_2","NA1160_SNM_2","NA1160_SNY_2","NA1160_SND_2","NA1160_SOH_2","NA1160_SOK_2","NA1160_SOR_2","NA1160_SPA_2","NA1160_SSD_2","NA1160_STN_2","NA1160_STX_2","NA1160_SUT_2","NA1160_SVA_2","NA1160_SWV_2","NA1160_SWY_2"

482

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1930" Annual",2012,"6/30/1930" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_sum_snd_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_sum_snd_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 7:08:03 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Dry Production (Annual Supply & Disposition) " "Sourcekey","N9070US2","NA1160_SAL_2","NA1160_SAK_2","NA1160_SAZ_2","NA1160_SAR_2","NA1160_SCA_2","NA1160_SCO_2","NA1160_SFL_2","NA1160_R3FM_2","NA1160_SIL_2","NA1160_SIN_2","NA1160_SKS_2","NA1160_SKY_2","NA1160_SLA_2","NA1160_SMD_2","NA1160_SMI_2","NA1160_SMS_2","NA1160_SMO_2","NA1160_SMT_2","NA1160_SNE_2","NA1160_SNV_2","NA1160_SNM_2","NA1160_SNY_2","NA1160_SND_2","NA1160_SOH_2","NA1160_SOK_2","NA1160_SOR_2","NA1160_SPA_2","NA1160_SSD_2","NA1160_STN_2","NA1160_STX_2","NA1160_SUT_2","NA1160_SVA_2","NA1160_SWV_2","NA1160_SWY_2"

483

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbblpd_m.xls" mbblpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_exp_dc_nus-z00_mbblpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 7:27:48 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products" "Sourcekey","MTTEXUS2","MCREXUS2","MNGEXUS2","MPPEXUS2","MLPEXUS2","METEXUS2","MPREXUS2","MBNEXUS2","MBIEXUS2","MOLEXUS2","MOHEXUS2","M_EPOOXXFE_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","MMTEX_NUS-Z00_2","MOOEX_NUS-Z00_2","M_EPOOR_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","M_EPOOXE_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","M_EPOORDB_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","MBCEXUS2","MO1EX_NUS-Z00_2","MO5EX_NUS-Z00_2","MBAEXUS2","MTPEXUS2","MGFEXUS2","MGREXUS2","MG4EX_NUS-Z00_2","MGAEXUS2","MKJEXUS2","MKEEXUS2","MDIEXUS2","M_EPDXL0_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","MD1EX_NUS-Z00_2","MDGEXUS2","MREEXUS2","MNFEXUS2","MOTEXUS2","MNSEXUS2","MLUEXUS2","MWXEXUS2","MCKEXUS2","MAPEXUS2","MMSEXUS2"

484

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbbl_m.xls" mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_psup_dc_nus_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 7:26:09 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Product Supplied for Crude Oil and Petroleum Products" "Sourcekey","MTTUPUS1","MCRUPUS1","MNGUPUS1","MPPUPUS1","MLPUPUS1","METUPUS1","MPRUPUS1","MBNUPUS1","MBIUPUS1","MOLUPUS1","MOHUPUS1","MUOUPUS1","MBCUPUS1","MO1UP_NUS_1","MO5UP_NUS_1","MBAUPUS1","MTPUPUS1","MGFUPUS1","MGRUPUS1","MG4UP_NUS_1","MGAUPUS1","MKJUPUS1","MKEUPUS1","MDIUPUS1","MD0UP_NUS_1","MD1UP_NUS_1","MDGUPUS1","MREUPUS1","MPCUP_NUS_1","MNFUPUS1","MOTUPUS1","MNSUPUS1","MLUUPUS1","MWXUPUS1","MCKUPUS1","MCMUP_NUS_1","MCOUP_NUS_1","MAPUPUS1","MSGUPUS1","MMSUPUS1"

485

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1985" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1985" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_unc_dcu_nus_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_unc_dcu_nus_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:30:03 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery Utilization and Capacity" "Sourcekey","MGIRIUS2","MOCLEUS2","MOCGGUS2","MOCIDUS2","MOPUEUS2" "Date","U.S. Gross Inputs to Refineries (Thousand Barrels Per Day)","U. S. Operable Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Thousand Barrels per Calendar Day)","U. S. Operating Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U. S. Idle Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U.S. Percent Utilization of Refinery Operable Capacity"

486

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

capwork_a_(na)_8sw0_mbbl_a.xls" capwork_a_(na)_8sw0_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_capwork_a_(na)_8sw0_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"6/20/2013 4:20:16 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Total " "Sourcekey","8_NA_8SW0_NUS_MBBL","8_NA_8SW0_R10_MBBL","8_NA_8SW0_R20_MBBL","8_NA_8SW0_R30_MBBL","8_NA_8SW0_R40_MBBL","8_NA_8SW0_R50_MBBL" "Date","U.S. Refinery Working Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","East Coast (PADD 1) Refinery Working Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","Midwest (PADD 2) Refinery Working Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Refinery Working Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Refinery Working Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","West Coast (PADD 5) Refinery Working Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)"

487

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbblpd_m.xls" mbblpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_psup_dc_nus_mbblpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 7:26:11 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Product Supplied for Crude Oil and Petroleum Products" "Sourcekey","MTTUPUS2","MCRUPUS2","MNGUPUS2","MPPUPUS2","MLPUPUS2","METUPUS2","MPRUPUS2","MBNUPUS2","MBIUPUS2","MOLUPUS2","MOHUPUS2","MUOUPUS2","MBCUPUS2","MO1UP_NUS_2","MO5UP_NUS_2","MBAUPUS2","MTPUPUS2","MGFUPUS2","MGRUPUS2","MG4UP_NUS_2","MGAUPUS2","MKJUPUS2","MKEUPUS2","MDIUPUS2","MD0UP_NUS_2","MD1UP_NUS_2","MDGUPUS2","MREUPUS2","MPCUP_NUS_2","MNFUPUS2","MOTUPUS2","MNSUPUS2","MLUUPUS2","MWXUPUS2","MCKUPUS2","MCMUP_NUS_2","MCOUP_NUS_2","MAPUPUS2","MSGUPUS2","MMSUPUS2"

488

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

capshell_a_(na)_8ss0_mbbl_a.xls" capshell_a_(na)_8ss0_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_capshell_a_(na)_8ss0_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"6/20/2013 4:17:24 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Total " "Sourcekey","8_NA_8SS0_NUS_MBBL","8_NA_8SS0_R10_MBBL","8_NA_8SS0_R20_MBBL","8_NA_8SS0_R30_MBBL","8_NA_8SS0_R40_MBBL","8_NA_8SS0_R50_MBBL" "Date","U.S. Refinery Shell Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","East Coast (PADD 1) Refinery Shell Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","Midwest (PADD 2) Refinery Shell Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Refinery Shell Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Refinery Shell Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","West Coast (PADD 5) Refinery Shell Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)"

489

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1936" Annual",2012,"6/30/1936" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_refp_dc_nus_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_refp_dc_nus_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:25:40 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery and Blender Net Production" "Sourcekey","MTTRPUS1","MLPRPUS1","METRPUS1","MENRPUS1","MEYRPUS1","MPRRPUS1","MPARP_NUS_1","MPLRPUS1","MBNRPUS1","MBURPUS1","MBYRPUS1","MBIRPUS1","MIIRPUS1","MIYRPUS1","MGFRPUS1","MGRRPUS1","MG1RP_NUS_1","M_EPM0RO_YPR_NUS_MBBL","MG4RP_NUS_1","MG5RP_NUS_1","M_EPM0CAL55_YPR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPM0CAG55_YPR_NUS_MBBL","MG6RP_NUS_1","MGARPUS1","MKJRPUS1","MKERPUS1","MDIRPUS1","MD0RP_NUS_1","MD1RP_NUS_1","MDGRPUS1","MRERPUS1","MRLRPUS1","MRMRPUS1","MRGRPUS1","MPCRPUS1","MNFRPUS1","MOTRPUS1","MNSRPUS1","MLURPUS1","MWXRPUS1","MCKRPUS1","MCMRPUS1","MCORPUS1","MAPRPUS1","MSGRPUS1","MMSRPUS1","MPGRPUS1"

490

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_inpt_dc_nus_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_inpt_dc_nus_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:19:29 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery & Blender Net Input" "Sourcekey","MTTRIUS1","MCRRIUS1","MNGRIUS1","MPPRIUS1","MLPRIUS1","METRIUS1","MBNRIUS1","MBIRIUS1","MOLRIUS1","MOHRIUS1","M_EPOOOH_YIR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOOXXFE_YIR_NUS_MBBL","MMTRIUS1","MOORIUS1","M_EPOOR_YIR_NUS_MBBL","MFERIUS1","M_EPOORD_YIR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOORO_YIR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOOOXH_YIR_NUS_MBBL","MUORIUS1","MNLRI_NUS_1","MKORI_NUS_1","MH1RI_NUS_1","MRURI_NUS_1","MBCRIUS1","MO1RI_NUS_1","M_EPOBGRR_YIR_NUS_MBBL","MO3RI_NUS_1","MO4RI_NUS_1","MO2RI_NUS_1","MO5RI_NUS_1","MO6RI_NUS_1","MO7RI_NUS_1","MO9RI_NUS_1","MBARIUS1"

491

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1936" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1936" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_refp_dc_nus_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_refp_dc_nus_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:25:41 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery and Blender Net Production" "Sourcekey","MTTRPUS1","MLPRPUS1","METRPUS1","MENRPUS1","MEYRPUS1","MPRRPUS1","MPARP_NUS_1","MPLRPUS1","MBNRPUS1","MBURPUS1","MBYRPUS1","MBIRPUS1","MIIRPUS1","MIYRPUS1","MGFRPUS1","MGRRPUS1","MG1RP_NUS_1","M_EPM0RO_YPR_NUS_MBBL","MG4RP_NUS_1","MG5RP_NUS_1","M_EPM0CAL55_YPR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPM0CAG55_YPR_NUS_MBBL","MG6RP_NUS_1","MGARPUS1","MKJRPUS1","MKERPUS1","MDIRPUS1","MD0RP_NUS_1","MD1RP_NUS_1","MDGRPUS1","MRERPUS1","MRLRPUS1","MRMRPUS1","MRGRPUS1","MPCRPUS1","MNFRPUS1","MOTRPUS1","MNSRPUS1","MLURPUS1","MWXRPUS1","MCKRPUS1","MCMRPUS1","MCORPUS1","MAPRPUS1","MSGRPUS1","MMSRPUS1","MPGRPUS1"

492

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbbl_m.xls" mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_exp_dc_nus-z00_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 7:27:47 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products" "Sourcekey","MTTEXUS1","MCREXUS1","MNGEXUS1","MPPEXUS1","MLPEXUS1","METEXUS1","MPREXUS1","MBNEXUS1","MBIEXUS1","MOLEXUS1","MOHEXUS1","M_EPOOXXFE_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MMTEX_NUS-Z00_1","MOOEX_NUS-Z00_1","M_EPOOR_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOOXE_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOORDB_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MBCEXUS1","MO1EX_NUS-Z00_1","MO5EX_NUS-Z00_1","MBAEXUS1","MTPEXUS1","MGFEXUS1","MGREXUS1","MG4EX_NUS-Z00_1","MGAEXUS1","MKJEXUS1","MKEEXUS1","MDIEXUS1","M_EPDXL0_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MD1EX_NUS-Z00_1","MDGEXUS1","MREEXUS1","MNFEXUS1","MOTEXUS1","MNSEXUS1","MLUEXUS1","MWXEXUS1","MCKEXUS1","MAPEXUS1","MMSEXUS1"

493

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Marketed Production ",35,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1973" Natural Gas Marketed Production ",35,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1973" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_prod_whv_a_epg0_vgm_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_prod_whv_a_epg0_vgm_mmcf_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:54:27 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Marketed Production " "Sourcekey","N9050US2","N9050FX2","N9050AL2","N9050AK2","N9050AZ2","N9050AR2","N9050CA2","N9050CO2","N9050FL2","N9050IL2","N9050IN2","N9050KS2","N9050KY2","N9050LA2","N9050MD2","N9050MI2","N9050MS2","N9050MO2","N9050MT2","N9050NE2","N9050NV2","N9050NM2","N9050NY2","N9050ND2","N9050OH2","N9050OK2","N9050OR2","N9050PA2","N9050SD2","N9050TN2","N9050TX2","N9050UT2","N9050VA2","N9050WV2","N9050WY2"

494

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1870" Annual",2012,"6/30/1870" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_exp_dc_nus-z00_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_exp_dc_nus-z00_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 7:27:46 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products" "Sourcekey","MTTEXUS1","MCREXUS1","MNGEXUS1","MPPEXUS1","MLPEXUS1","METEXUS1","MPREXUS1","MBNEXUS1","MBIEXUS1","MOLEXUS1","MOHEXUS1","M_EPOOXXFE_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MMTEX_NUS-Z00_1","MOOEX_NUS-Z00_1","M_EPOOR_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOOXE_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOORDB_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MBCEXUS1","MO1EX_NUS-Z00_1","MO5EX_NUS-Z00_1","MBAEXUS1","MTPEXUS1","MGFEXUS1","MGREXUS1","MG4EX_NUS-Z00_1","MGAEXUS1","MKJEXUS1","MKEEXUS1","MDIEXUS1","M_EPDXL0_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MD1EX_NUS-Z00_1","MDGEXUS1","MREEXUS1","MNFEXUS1","MOTEXUS1","MNSEXUS1","MLUEXUS1","MWXEXUS1","MCKEXUS1","MAPEXUS1","MMSEXUS1"

495

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/2002" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/2002" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 7:00:27 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included in Prices " "Sourcekey","NA1504_NUS_4","NA1504_SAL_4","NA1504_SAK_4","NA1504_SAZ_4","NA1504_SAR_4","NA1504_SCA_4","NA1504_SCO_4","NA1504_SCT_4","NA1504_SDE_4","NA1504_SDC_4","NA1504_SFL_4","NA1504_SGA_4","NA1504_SHI_4","NA1504_SID_4","NA1504_SIL_4","NA1504_SIN_4","NA1504_SIA_4","NA1504_SKS_4","NA1504_SKY_4","NA1504_SLA_4","NA1504_SME_4","NA1504_SMD_4","NA1504_SMA_4","NA1504_SMI_4","NA1504_SMN_4","NA1504_SMS_4","NA1504_SMO_4","NA1504_SMT_4","NA1504_SNE_4","NA1504_SNV_4","NA1504_SNH_4","NA1504_SNJ_4","NA1504_SNM_4","NA1504_SNY_4","NA1504_SNC_4","NA1504_SND_4","NA1504_SOH_4","NA1504_SOK_4","NA1504_SOR_4","NA1504_SPA_4","NA1504_SRI_4","NA1504_SSC_4","NA1504_SSD_4","NA1504_STN_4","NA1504_STX_4","NA1504_SUT_4","NA1504_SVT_4","NA1504_SVA_4","NA1504_SWA_4","NA1504_SWV_4","NA1504_SWI_4","NA1504_SWY_4"

496

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" 60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_skr_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_skr_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:41:32 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery " "Sourcekey","MTTRSUS1","MCRRSUS1","MPERSUS1","MPPRSUS1","MLPRSUS1","METRSUS1","MPRRSUS1","MBNRSUS1","MBIRSUS1","M_EPOOOXH_SKR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOOXXFE_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MMTRSUS1","MOORSUS1","M_EPOOR_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MFERSUS1","M_EPOORD_SKR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOORO_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MUORSUS1","MNLRSUS1","MKORSUS1","MH1RSUS1","MRURSUS1","MBCRSUS1","MO1RS_NUS_1","M_EPOBGRR_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MO3RS_NUS_1","MO4RS_NUS_1","MO5RS_NUS_1","MO6RS_NUS_1","MO7RS_NUS_1","MO9RS_NUS_1","MBARSUS1","MGFRSUS1","MGRRSUS1","MG1RS_NUS_1","M_EPM0RO_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MG4RS_NUS_1","MG5RS_NUS_1","M_EPM0CAL55_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MG6RS_NUS_1","MGARSUS1","MKJRSUS1","MKERSUS1","MDIRSUS1","MD0RS_NUS_1","MD1RS_NUS_1","MDGRSUS1","MRERSUS1","MRLRSUS1","MRMRSUS1","MRGRSUS1","MPCRS_NUS_1","MNFRSUS1","MOTRSUS1","MNSRSUS1","MLURSUS1","MWXRSUS1","MCKRSUS1","MAPRSUS1","MMSRSUS1"

497

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

56,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" 56,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_skr_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_skr_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:41:31 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery " "Sourcekey","MTTRSUS1","MCRRSUS1","MPERSUS1","MPPRSUS1","MLPRSUS1","METRSUS1","MPRRSUS1","MBNRSUS1","MBIRSUS1","M_EPOOOXH_SKR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOOXXFE_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MMTRSUS1","MOORSUS1","M_EPOOR_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MFERSUS1","M_EPOORD_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MUORSUS1","MNLRSUS1","MKORSUS1","MH1RSUS1","MRURSUS1","MBCRSUS1","MO1RS_NUS_1","M_EPOBGRR_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MO3RS_NUS_1","MO5RS_NUS_1","MO6RS_NUS_1","MO9RS_NUS_1","MBARSUS1","MGFRSUS1","MGRRSUS1","MG1RS_NUS_1","MG4RS_NUS_1","MG5RS_NUS_1","M_EPM0CAL55_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MG6RS_NUS_1","MGARSUS1","MKJRSUS1","MKERSUS1","MDIRSUS1","MD0RS_NUS_1","MD1RS_NUS_1","MDGRSUS1","MRERSUS1","MRLRSUS1","MRMRSUS1","MRGRSUS1","MPCRS_NUS_1","MNFRSUS1","MOTRSUS1","MNSRSUS1","MLURSUS1","MWXRSUS1","MCKRSUS1","MAPRSUS1","MMSRSUS1"

498

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1973" 2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1973" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_move_poe2_a_epg0_enp_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_move_poe2_a_epg0_enp_mmcf_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 6:58:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit " "Sourcekey","N9132US2","N9132CN2","NA1287_YEPRT-NCA_2","NGA_EPG0_ENP_YCAL-NCA_MMCF","NA1287_YDTW-NCA_2","NA1287_YMARY-NCA_2","NA1287_YSSM-NCA_2","NA1287_YCHRE-NCA_2","NA1287_YNOYS-NCA_2","NA1287_YBAB-NCA_2","NA1287_YHVR-NCA_2","NGA_EPG0_ENP_YPITT-NCA_MMCF","NGM_EPG0_ENP_YGRIS-NCA_MMCF","NGM_EPG0_ENP_YMSS-NCA_MMCF","NA1287_YUSNI-NCA_2","NGM_EPG0_ENP_YWADD-NCA_MMCF","NA1287_YSUMS-NCA_2","N9132MX2","NA1287_YDUG-NMX_2","NA_EPG0_ENP_YNOGS-NMX_MMCF","NA1287_YCAX-NMX_2","NA1287_YOESA-NMX_2","NA1287_YALA-NMX_2","NA1287_YCLI-NMX_2","NA_EPG0_ENP_YDRT-NMX_MMCF","NA1287_YEGP-NMX_2","NA1287_YELP-NMX_2","NA1287_YHDGO-NMX_2","NA1287_YMFE-NMX_2","NA1287_YPENI-NMX_2","NA1287_Y44RB-NMX_2","NA1287_Y44RM-NMX_2"

499

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

65,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1956" 65,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1956" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_sum_snd_a_ep00_mbbl_m_cur.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_sum_snd_a_ep00_mbbl_m_cur.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/27/2013 6:57:53 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Supply and Disposition" "Sourcekey","MTTFPUS1","M_EP00_YNP_NUS_MBBL","MTTRPUS1","MTTIMUS1","MTTUA_NUS_1","MTTSCUS1","MTTRIUS1","MTTEXUS1","MTTUPUS1","MTTSTUS1","MTTFPP11","M_EP00_YNP_R10_MBBL","MTTRPP11","MTTIMP11","MTTNRP11","MTTUA_R10_1","MTTSCP11","MTTRIP11","MTTEXP11","MTTUPP11","MTTSTP11","MTTFPP21","M_EP00_YNP_R20_MBBL","MTTRPP21","MTTIMP21","MTTNRP21","MTTUA_R20_1","MTTSCP21","MTTRIP21","MTTEXP21","MTTUPP21","MTTSTP21","MTTFPP31","M_EP00_YNP_R30_MBBL","MTTRPP31","MTTIMP31","MTTNRP31","MTTUA_R30_1","MTTSCP31","MTTRIP31","MTTEXP31","MTTUPP31","MTTSTP31","MTTFPP41","M_EP00_YNP_R40_MBBL","MTTRPP41","MTTIMP41","MTTNRP41","MTTUA_R40_1","MTTSCP41","MTTRIP41","MTTEXP41","MTTUPP41","MTTSTP41","MTTFPP51","M_EP00_YNP_R50_MBBL","MTTRPP51","MTTIMP51","MTTNRP51","MTTUA_R50_1","MTTSCP51","MTTRIP51","MTTEXP51","MTTUPP51","MTTSTP51"

500

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

59,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1963" 59,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1963" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_sum_snd_a_ep00_mbblpd_m_cur.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_sum_snd_a_ep00_mbblpd_m_cur.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/27/2013 6:57:55 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Supply and Disposition" "Sourcekey","MTTFPUS2","M_EP00_YNP_NUS_MBBLD","MTTRPUS2","MTTIMUS2","MTTUA_NUS_2","MTTSCUS2","MTTRIUS2","MTTEXUS2","MTTUPUS2","MTTFPP12","M_EP00_YNP_R10_MBBLD","MTTRPP12","MTTIMP12","MTTNRP12","MTTUA_R10_2","MTTSCP12","MTTRIP12","MTTEXP12","MTTUPP12","MTTFPP22","M_EP00_YNP_R20_MBBLD","MTTRPP22","MTTIMP22","MTTNRP22","MTTUA_R20_2","MTTSCP22","MTTRIP22","MTTEXP22","MTTUPP22","MTTFPP32","M_EP00_YNP_R30_MBBLD","MTTRPP32","MTTIMP32","MTTNRP32","MTTUA_R30_2","MTTSCP32","MTTRIP32","MTTEXP32","MTTUPP32","MTTFPP42","M_EP00_YNP_R40_MBBLD","MTTRPP42","MTTIMP42","MTTNRP42","MTTUA_R40_2","MTTSCP42","MTTRIP42","MTTEXP42","MTTUPP42","MTTFPP52","M_EP00_YNP_R50_MBBLD","MTTRPP52","MTTIMP52","MTTNRP52","MTTUA_R50_2","MTTSCP52","MTTRIP52","MTTEXP52","MTTUPP52"