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1

Differential detection of genetic loci underlying stem and root lignin content in Populus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For simultaneous applications directed towards improved pulp yields, enhanced bioethanol production and increased carbon sequestration, it would be desirable to reduce lignin in the harvested stem while increasing the lignin content in nonharvested roots. In this study, we established a comprehensive genetic map with a large number of progeny from a three-generation hybrid Populus intercross, and phenotyped the lignin content, S/G ratio and 28 cell wall subcomponents both in stems and roots for the mapping individuals. Phenotypic analysis revealed that lignin content and syringyl-to-guaiacyl (S/G) ratio using pyrolysis molecular beam mass spectroscopy (pyMBMS) varied among mapping individuals. Phenotypic analysis revealed that stem lignin content is significantly higher than that in root and the quantified traits can be classified into four distinct groups, with strong correlations observed among components within organs. Altogether, 179 coordinating QTLs were detected, and they were co-localized into 49 genetic loci, 27 of which appear to be pleiotropic. Many of the detected genetic loci were detected differentially in stem and root. This is the first report of separate genetic loci controlling cell wall phenotypes above and below ground. These results suggest that it may be possible to modify lignin content and composition via breed and/or engineer as a means of simultaneously improving Populus for cellulosic ethanol production and carbon sequestration.

Tuskan, Gerald A [ORNL; Yin, Tongming [ORNL; Zhang, Xinye [ORNL; Gunter, Lee E [ORNL; Ranjan, Priya [ORNL; Sykes, Robert [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Davis, Dr. Mark F. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Genetic manipulation of lignin reduces recalcitrance and improves biomass ethanol production from switchgrass  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Switchgrass is a leading dedicated bioenergy feedstock because it is a native, high yielding, perennial prairie grass with broad cultivation range and low agronomic input requirements. Biomass conversion research has developed pilot scale processes for production of ethanol and other alcohols but they remain costly primarily due to the intrinsic recalcitrance of biomass. We show here that switchgrass genetic modification can produce normal plants that have reduced thermochemical and enzymatic recalcitrance. Downregulation of the switchgrass caffeic O-methyltransferase gene decreases lignin content modestly, reduces the syringyl to guaiacyl lignin monomer ratio and increases the ethanol yield by up to a third using conventional biomass fermentation processes. The downregulated lines have wild-type biomass yields but require reduced pretreatment severity and 300-400% lower cellulase dosages for equivalent product yields significantly lowering processing costs. Alternately, our modified transgenic switchgrass lines should yield significantly more fermentation chemicals per hectare under identical process conditions.

Hamilton, Choo Yieng [ORNL; Fu, Chunxiang [Noble Foundation; Xiao, Xirong [Noble Foundation; Ge, Yaxin [Noble Foundation; Chen, Fang [Noble Foundation; Bouton, Joseph [Noble Foundation; Foston, Marcus [Georgia Institute of Technology; Dixon, Richard A [Noble Foundation; Wang, Zeng-Yu [Noble Foundation; Mielenz, Jonathan R [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Rapid Determination of Lignin Content via Direct Dissolution and 1HNMR Analysis of Plant Cell Walls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

02/cssc.201000120 02/cssc.201000120 Rapid Determination of Lignin Content via Direct Dissolution and 1 H NMR Analysis of Plant Cell Walls Nan Jiang, [a, b] Yunqiao Pu, [b] and Arthur J. Ragauskas* [a, b] Increasing societal demand for environmental and economic sustainability is placing a renewed focus on the agro-forest in- dustry. This industry plays an essential role in the development of renewable energy and biofuels, especially in light of grow- ing concerns related to energy security and climate change. [1] The economical transformation of differing sources of biomass into biofuels has become a global research theme, directed at displacing nonrenewable petroluem-based resources to reduce long-term carbon dioxide emissions. [2] Although most current bioethanol and biodiesel plants represent first-generation biorefi- neries, utilizing readily processa- ble bioresources such as

4

Modulating lignin in plants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Materials and methods for modulating (e.g., increasing or decreasing) lignin content in plants are disclosed. For example, nucleic acids encoding lignin-modulating polypeptides are disclosed as well as methods for using such nucleic acids to generate transgenic plants having a modulated lignin content.

Apuya, Nestor; Bobzin, Steven Craig; Okamuro, Jack; Zhang, Ke

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

5

Biologically produced acid precipitable polymeric lignin  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A water soluble, acid precipitable polymeric degraded lignin (APPL), having a molecular weight of at least 12,000 daltons, and comprising, by percentage of total weight, at least three times the number of phenolic hydroxyl groups and carboxylic acid groups present in native lignin. The APPL may be modified by chemical oxidation and reduction to increase its phenolic hydroxyl content and reduce the number of its antioxidant inhibitory side chains, thereby improving antioxidant properties.

Crawford, Don L. (Moscow, ID); Pometto, III, Anthony L. (Moscow, ID)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Reducing the moisture content of clean coals  

SciTech Connect

Coal moisture content can profoundly effect the cost of burning coal in utility boilers. Because of the large effect of coal moisture, the Empire State Electric Energy Research Corporation (ESEERCO) contracted with the Electric Power Research Institute to investigate advanced coal dewatering methods at its Coal Quality Development Center. This report contains the test result on the high-G solid-bowl centrifuge, the second of four devices to be tested. The high-G solid-bowl centrifuge removes water for coal by spinning the coal/water mixture rapidly in a rotating bowl. This causes the coal to cling to the sides of the bowl where it can be removed, leaving the water behind. Testing was performed at the CQDC to evaluate the effect of four operating variables (G-ratio, feed solids concentration, dry solids feed rate, and differential RPM) on the performance of the high-G solid-bowl centrifuge. Two centrifuges of different bowl diameter were tested to establish the effect of scale-up of centrifuge performance. Testing of the two centrifuges occurred from 1985 through 1987. CQDC engineers performed 32 tests on the smaller of the two centrifuges, and 47 tests on the larger. Equations that predict the performance of the two centrifuges for solids recovery, moisture content of the produced coal, and motor torque were obtained. The equations predict the observed data well. Traditional techniques of establishing the performance of centrifuge of different scale did not work well with the two centrifuges, probably because of the large range of G-ratios used in the testing. Cost of operating a commercial size bank of centrifuges is approximately $1.72 per ton of clean coal. This compares well with thermal drying, which costs $1.82 per ton of clean coal.

Kehoe, D. (CQ, Inc., Homer City, PA (United States))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Preparation and Analysis of Biomass Lignins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignin, comprised primarily of three randomly polymerized phenylpropenyl monomers, is, arguably, the second most common organic molecule on earth. In current biorefinery applications, lignin is burned, usually in concentrated pulping or hydrolysis liquor, as a source of process steam and both internal and exported electricity. The aromatic content of lignin makes it a potentially attractive feedstock for highly-valued aromatic chemicals, polymers, and carbon products (graphite, activated carbon, and carbon fiber). Revenue from production of lignin-based chemicals could play a major role in biorefinery profitability if cost-effective methods for lignin separation and purification can be developed. This article presents descriptions of methods for assessing and purifying biorefinery lignins so that they can be evaluated for use as feedstocks for production of chemical products. Areas covered are: 1) initial evaluations of as-received lignin samples (visual, microscopic, separable organics), 2) analysis of common contaminants (bulk and filterable ash and particulate contaminants in liquid and dry lignin samples), 3) preparation of lignins for experimental use as chemical feedstocks (prefiltration, filtration using bench-scale chemical apparatus and larger scale bag filters, one-step lignin precipitation, two-step carbohydrate and lignin precipitation, desalting of dry powdered or precipitated lignin, and lyophilization). These methods have been used successfully at bench-scale to produce the 1 50 kg amounts of wood and grass lignins typically required for bench-scale assessment as chemical feedstocks

Compere, A L [ORNL; Griffith, William {Bill} L [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Bacterial extracellular lignin peroxidase  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A newly discovered lignin peroxidase enzyme is provided. The enzyme is obtained from a bacterial source and is capable of degrading the lignin portion of lignocellulose in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme is extracellular, oxidative, inducible by lignin, larch wood xylan, or related substrates and capable of attacking certain lignin substructure chemical bonds that are not degradable by fungal lignin peroxidases.

Crawford, Donald L. (Moscow, ID); Ramachandra, Muralidhara (Moscow, ID)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Process for production of synthesis gas with reduced sulfur content  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for the partial oxidation of a sulfur- and silicate-containing carbonaceous fuel to produce a synthesis gas with reduced sulfur content which comprises partially oxidizing said fuel at a temperature in the range of 1800.degree.-2200.degree. F. in the presence of a temperature moderator, an oxygen-containing gas and a sulfur capture additive which comprises an iron-containing compound portion and a sodium-containing compound portion to produce a synthesis gas comprising H.sub.2 and CO with a reduced sulfur content and a molten slag which comprises (i) a sulfur-containing sodium-iron silicate phase and (ii) a sodium-iron sulfide phase. The sulfur capture additive may optionally comprise a copper-containing compound portion.

Najjar, Mitri S. (Hopewell Junction, NY); Corbeels, Roger J. (Wappingers Falls, NY); Kokturk, Uygur (Wappingers Falls, NY)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Bacterial extracellular lignin peroxidase  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

DNA constructs are provided for the production of Streptomyces lignin peroxidase. The enzyme finds use in the degradation of lignin and oxidation of organic substrates.

Crawford, D.L.; Ramachandra, M.

1993-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

11

Lignin | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lignin Lignin Jump to: navigation, search Lignin.jpg What is Lignin? Lignin is the fiber in our food, the thing that makes vegetables crunchy and firm. It is a polymer found extensively in the cell walls of all woody plants, Lignin, one of the most abundant natural polymers, constitutes one-fourth to one-third of the total dry weight of trees. It combines with hemicellulose materials to help bind the cells together and direct water flow. Lignin is formed by removal of water from sugars to create aromatic structures. These reactions are not reversible. Lignin resists attack by most microorganisms, and anaerobic processes tend not to attack the aromatic rings at all. Aerobic breakdown of lignin is slow and may take many days. Lignin is nature's cement along with hemicellulose to exploit

12

''The control of lignin synthesis''  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this project we tested the hypothesis that regulation of the synthesis of lignin in secondary xylem cells in conifer trees involves the transport of glucosylated lignin monomers to the wall of xylem cells, followed by de-glucosylation in the cell wall by monolignol-specific glucosidase enzymes, which activates the monomers for lignin polymerization. The information we gathered is relevant to the fundamental understanding of how trees make wood, and to the applied goal of more environmentally friendly pulp and paper production. We characterized the complete genomic structure of the Coniferin-specific Beta-glucosidase (CBG) gene family in the conifers loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) and lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta), and partial genomic sequences were obtained in several other tree species. Both pine species contain multiple CBG genes which raises the possibility of differential regulation, perhaps related to the multiple roles of lignin in development and defense. Subsequent projects will need to include detailed gene expression studies of each gene family member during tree growth and development, and testing the role of each monolignol-specific glucosidase gene in controlling lignin content.

Carlson, John E.

2005-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

13

MCDL: a reduced but extensible multimedia contents description language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multimedia contents are more and more present in our life and their presentation usually rests on a text-based description that defines rules and properties of such contents and is produced by markup description languages (e.g., XML, MPEG7-DDL and SMIL). ... Keywords: MPEG7-DDL, SMIL, contents sychronization, multimedia contents description

M. Furini

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Biomass Lignin Binder for Coal Fines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the production of a waste stream consisting of lignin from a dilute acid hydrolysis process for making ethanol fuel from cellulosic biomass. The lignin waste stream was then evaluated as a possible binder to hold coal fines in a useable form for fuel in a coal-fired power plant. The production and use of a lignin-rich waste stream is of interest because it would enable a biomass energy content in the fuel for the coal-fired power plant, while using waste coal and waste biomass. The ...

2002-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

15

Hydrotreating Pyrolytic Lignin to Produce a Refinery Feedstock (Poster)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fast pyrolysis of biomass followed by water separation to produce pyrolytic lignin and hydrotreating of the lignin could be used to produce a stable volatile low-oxygen intermediate liquid. Such a liquid could be converted into a finished motor-fuel in a refinery, taking advantage of the existing infrastructure and economies of scale of refineries. Hydrotreating just the lignin would consume less hydrogen while preserving about half of the energy of the original oil. The aqueous by-products could be reformed to produce the needed hydrogen and would contain much of the unwanted acids and unstable oxygenates. To assess such intermediate liquids, several pyrolytic lignins were prepared by mixing pyrolysis oil with water at 1:1 and 3:1 ratios. The carboxylic acidity in the pyrolytic lignin was reduced to 24 and 10 mg-KOH/g-lignin compared to 81 in the whole oil. These lignins were hydrotreated using Ni-Mo(S)/alumina, Pt/char, or Pd/C(activated) in a semi-batch 1 L stirred autoclave. The oil was stabilized under hydrogen at 150-280 degrees C, then water and light organics were removed by partial depressurization. Hydrodeoxygenation was then performed at 340-400 degrees C. Total pressure was controlled at 70 or 170 bar with hydrogen gas. Organic liquid yields of 39-56% were obtained. For many experiments the organic oxygen content was oil, the volatility was greater than or equal to 94% and, on a carbon basis, the total yield of organic products miscible in hydrocarbons at a 1:10 ratio was over 50%. These properties are probably acceptable to a refinery.The residual liquids left in the reactor at the end of the experiment comprised 60-85% of the organic-phase product while the rest was condensate. 13C-NMR of the residual liquids showed that they were 50-80% aliphatic. 13C-NMR coupled with GC-MS identified phenolic compounds as the main oxygenates in most residual liquids.

French, R. J.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Hydrotreating Pyrolytic Lignin to Produce a Refinery Feedstock (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fast pyrolysis of biomass followed by water separation to produce pyrolytic lignin and hydrotreating of the lignin could be used to produce a stable volatile low-oxygen intermediate liquid. Such a liquid could be converted into a finished motor-fuel in a refinery, taking advantage of the existing infrastructure and economies of scale of refineries. Hydrotreating just the lignin would consume less hydrogen while preserving about half of the energy of the original oil. The aqueous by-products could be reformed to produce the needed hydrogen and would contain much of the unwanted acids and unstable oxygenates. To assess such intermediate liquids, several pyrolytic lignins were prepared by mixing pyrolysis oil with water at 1:1 and 3:1 ratios. The carboxylic acidity in the pyrolytic lignin was reduced to 24 and 10 mg-KOH/g-lignin compared to 81 in the whole oil. These lignins were hydrotreated using Ni-Mo(S)/alumina, Pt/char, or Pd/C(activated) in a semi-batch 1 L stirred autoclave. The oil was stabilized under hydrogen at 150-280 degrees C, then water and light organics were removed by partial depressurization. Hydrodeoxygenation was then performed at 340-400 degrees C. Total pressure was controlled at 70 or 170 bar with hydrogen gas. Organic liquid yields of 39-56% were obtained. For many experiments the organic oxygen content was <7%, acidity was < 7 mg-KOH/g-oil, the volatility was greater than or equal to 94% and, on a carbon basis, the total yield of organic products miscible in hydrocarbons at a 1:10 ratio was over 50%. These properties are probably acceptable to a refinery.The residual liquids left in the reactor at the end of the experiment comprised 60-85% of the organic-phase product while the rest was condensate. 13C-NMR of the residual liquids showed that they were 50-80% aliphatic. 13C-NMR coupled with GC-MS identified phenolic compounds as the main oxygenates in most residual liquids.

French, R. J.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

EFFECTS OF COFIRING LIGNIN AND BIOSOLIDS WITH COAL ON FIRESIDE PERFORMANCE AND COMBUSTION PRODUCTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lignin, derived from municipal solid waste and biosolid feedstocks using Masada Resource Group's patented CES OxyNol{trademark} process, and acidified biosolids were evaluated as supplemental fuels with coal for producing steam and electricity. Tests were conducted in a pilot-scale (550,000-Btu/hr [580-MJ/hr]) combustion system to evaluate the effects of coal characteristics, blend mixture (on a dry wt% basis) and furnace exit gas temperature (FEGT) on boiler heat-exchange surface slagging and fouling, NO{sub x} and SO{sub x} production, fly ash characteristics, and combustion efficiency. The effects of blending lignin and acidified biosolids with coal on fuel handling and pulverization characteristics were also addressed. An 80 wt% Colorado--20 wt% subbituminous Powder River Basin coal blend from the Tennessee Valley Authority Colbert Steam Plant, hereafter referred to as the Colbert coal, and a bituminous Pittsburgh No. 8 coal were tested. The lignin and acidified biosolids were characterized by possessing higher moisture content and lower carbon, hydrogen, and heating values relative to the coals. Ash contents of the fuels were similar. The lignin also possessed higher concentrations of TiO{sub 2}, CaO, and SO{sub 3} and lower concentrations of SiO{sub 2}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, K{sub 2}O, and N relative to the coals. The sulfur content of lignin could be reduced through a more thorough washing and drying of the lignin in an efficient commercial-scale dewatering device. Acidified biosolids were distinguished by higher concentrations of P{sub 2}O{sub 5} and MgO and lower SiO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} relative to the other fuels. Trace element concentrations, especially for Cr, Pb, Hg, and Ni, were generally greater in the lignin and acidified biosolid fuels relative to the Colbert coal. Maximum trace element emission factors were calculated for 95:5 Colbert coal--lignin and 90:5:5 Colbert coal--lignin--acidified biosolid blends and compared to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency emission factors for pulverized coal-fired units that are unequipped with pollution control devices. Calculated maximum trace element emission factors for the fuel blends were generally less than or within the range of those for the uncontrolled coal-fired units, except for Cr and Pb which were greater.

Kevin C. Galbreath

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

p-Hydroxyphenyl (H) Units Lower the Degree of Polymerization in Lignin: Chemical Control in Lignin Biosynthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignin, composed predominantly of p-hydroxyphenyl (H), guaiacyl (G) and syringyl (S) subunits, is a major component of plant cell walls that imparts resistance toward chemical and microbial deconstruction of plant biomass, rendering its conversion inefficient and costly. Previous studies have shown that alterating lignin composition, i.e., the relative abundance of H, G and S subunits, promises more efficient extraction of sugars from plant biomass. Smaller and less branched lignin chains are more easily extracted during pretreatment, making cellulose more readily degradable. Here, using density functional theory calculations, we show that the incorporation of H subunits into lignin via b-b and b-5 interunit linkages reduces the degree of polymerization in lignin. Frontier molecular orbital analyses of lignin dimers and trimers show that H as a terminal subunit on a growing lignin polymer linked via b-b and b-5 linkage cannot undergo radical formation, preventing further chain growth by endwise polymerization resulting in lignin polymers with lower degree of polymerization. These results indicate that, for endwise polymerization in lignin synthesis, there exists a chemical control that may lay a significant role in determining the structure of lignin.

Sangha, A. K.; Parks, J. M.; Davis, M. F.; Smith, J. C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Thermal Engineering of Lignin for Low-cost Production of Carbon Fiber  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignin, a sustainable, renewable resource material, is being evaluated for the low cost production of carbon fiber for automotive and other applications. We previously reported the successful production of carbon fiber from a solvent extracted lignin [1] and from other lignins [2]. However, it was found that the lignin fiber, produced by the melt spinning of the solvent extracted lignin, was difficult to stabilize (i.e., render infusible) and thus carbonize. The long stabilization time, due to the fiber s low Tg, led to the conclusion that thermal engineering of a lignin feedstock could ultimately raise the Tg of the lignin and thereby of the spun fiber. This would permit a higher temperature of stabilization, which would reduce stabilization time as well as overall processing times. The thermally-engineered lignins were evaluated in terms of their rheological properties, melt spinning ability, morphology, stabilization and carbonization properties, and ultimately mechanical properties of the carbon fibers obtained.

Baker, Darren A [ORNL; Baker, Frederick S [ORNL; Gallego, Nidia C [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Fluorescence analyzer for lignin  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for measuring lignin concentration in a sample of wood pulp or black liquor comprises a light emitting arrangement for emitting an excitation light through optical fiber bundles into a probe which has an undiluted sensing end facing the sample. The excitation light causes the lignin concentration to produce fluorescent emission light which is then conveyed through the probe to analyzing equipment which measures the intensity of the emission light. Measures a This invention was made with Government support under Contract Number DOE: DE-FC05-90CE40905 awarded by the Department of Energy (DOE). The Government has certain rights in this invention.

Berthold, John W. (Salem, OH); Malito, Michael L. (Hubbard, OH); Jeffers, Larry (Alliance, OH)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Lignin blockers and uses thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a method for converting cellulose in a lignocellulosic biomass. The method provides for a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein treatment of high lignin solids. The treatment enhances cellulase availability in cellulose conversion and allows for the determination of optimized pretreatment conditions. Additionally, ethanol yields from a Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation process are improved 5-25% by treatment with a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein. Thus, a more efficient and economical method of processing lignin containing biomass materials utilizes a polypeptide/protein treatment step that effectively blocks lignin binding of cellulase.

Yang, Bin (West Lebanon, NH); Wyman, Charles E. (Norwich, VT)

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

22

Cu-Pd Hydrogen Separation Membranes with Reduced Palladium Content and Improved Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cu-Pd Hydrogen Separation Membranes with Reduced Cu-Pd Hydrogen Separation Membranes with Reduced Palladium Content and Improved Performance Opportunity This patent-pending technology, "Cu-Pd Hydrogen Separation Membranes with Reduced Palladium Content and Improved Performance," consists of copper-palladium alloy compositions for hydrogen separation membranes that use less palladium and have a potential increase in hydrogen permeability and resistance to sulfur degradation compared to currently available copper-palladium membranes. This technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research with the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Overview NETL is working to help produce and deliver hydrogen from fossil fuels including coal in commercially applicable and environmentally

23

Macromolecular replication during lignin biosynthesis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Macromolecular Macromolecular replication during lignin biosynthesis Yi-ru Chen, Simo Sarkanen * Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 12 December 2008 Received in revised form 24 October 2009 Available online 4 January 2010 Keywords: Lignin primary structure Replication Template polymerization Density functional theory Dynamical electron correlation a b s t r a c t Lignins play a crucial role in the cell-wall architecture of all vascular plants. They are composed of p- hydroxyphenylpropanoid units interconnected through covalent bonds formed during lignol radical cou- pling between six different pairs of atomic centers. For 50 years, the primary structures of lignins have been thought to be random, but for a number of reasons such an assumption is not tenable. For example, it has been

24

Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Volume 98, Number 6, November-December 1993 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Contents ...

2003-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

25

Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Volume 96, Number 4, July-August 1991 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Contents Articles ...

2003-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

26

CONTENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH of the National Bureau of Standards Vol. 88, No. 6, November-December 1983 CONTENTS Page ...

2003-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

27

Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Volume 97, Number 5, September-October 1992 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Contents ...

2003-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

28

Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Volume 96, Number 2, March-April 1991 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Contents Articles ...

2003-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

29

Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Volume 96, Number 6, November-December 1991 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Contents ...

2003-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

30

Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Volume 97, Number 6, November-December 1992 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Contents ...

2003-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

31

CONTENTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CONTENTS CONTENTS Introduction ........................................................................................................3 ON THE HORIZON: Promising Research Efforts Currently Underway A Smarter Charge .........................................................................................4 Unlocking Fire Ice .........................................................................................5 CRISP Crunches Cyber Threats ....................................................................6 Gel Zeroes in on Cancer ...............................................................................7 Liquid Solvent: A Solid Solution for CO 2 .....................................................8 Real-time Grid Stability ................................................................................9

32

Lignin-assisted coal depolymerization  

SciTech Connect

Previous research has shown that addition of lignin-derived liquids to coal stirred in tetralin under mild reaction conditions (375{degree}C and 300--500 psig) results in a marked enhancement in the rate of coal depolymerization. A mathematical model was developed to study the kinetics of coal depolymerization in the presence of liquid-derived liquids. In the present study, a reaction pathway was formulated to explain the enhancement in coal depolymerization due to lignin (solid) addition. The model postulated assumes that the products of lignin obtained during thermolysis interact with the reactive moieties present in coal while simultaneous depolymerization of coal occurs. A good fit between the experimental data and the kinetic model was found. The results show that in addition to the enhancement in the rate of coal depolymerization, lignin also reacts (and enhances the extent of depolymerization of coal) with those reaction sites in coal that are not susceptible to depolymerization when coal alone is reacted in tetralin under identical reaction conditions. Additional work is being carried out to determine a thorough materials balance on the lignin-assisted coal depolymerization process. A number of liquid samples have been obtained which are being studied for their stability in various environments. 5 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Lalvani, S.B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Inexpensive, Environmentally Friendly and High Permeable Lignin ...  

home \\ technologies \\ lignin based ion exchangers. Technologies: Ready-to-Sign Licenses: Software: Patents: Inexpensive, Environmentally Friendly and High Permeable ...

34

Cationic electrodepositable coating composition comprising lignin  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cationic electrodepositable coating composition is disclosed. The present invention in directed to a cationic electrodepositable coating composition comprising a lignin-containing cationic salt resin, that comprises (A) the reaction product of: lignin, an amine, and a carbonyl compound; (B) the reaction product of lignin, epichlorohydrin, and an amine; or (C) combinations thereof.

Fenn, David; Bowman, Mark P; Zawacky, Steven R; Van Buskirk, Ellor J; Kamarchik, Peter

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

35

Liquid Fuels from Lignins: Annual Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This task was initiated to assess the conversion of lignins into liquid fuels, primarily of lignins relevant to biomass-to-ethanol conversion processes. The task was composed of a literature review of this area and an experimental part to obtain pertinent data on the conversion of lignins germane to biomass-to-ethanol conversion processes.

Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

CONTENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

February 2010This document is in the public domain and may be freely copied or reprinted. Disclaimer Mention of any company or product does not constitute endorsement by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). In addition, citations to Web sites external to NIOSH do not constitute NIOSH endorsement of the sponsoring organizations or their programs or products. Furthermore, NIOSH is not responsible for the content of these Web sites. Ordering Information To receive documents or other information about occupational safety and health topics, contact NIOSH at

A. Breslin, Ph.D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Process for conversion of lignin to reformulated, partially oxygenated gasoline  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-yield process for converting lignin into reformulated, partially oxygenated gasoline compositions of high quality is provided. The process is a two-stage catalytic reaction process that produces a reformulated, partially oxygenated gasoline product with a controlled amount of aromatics. In the first stage of the process, a lignin feed material is subjected to a base-catalyzed depolymerization reaction, followed by a selective hydrocracking reaction which utilizes a superacid catalyst to produce a high oxygen-content depolymerized lignin product mainly composed of alkylated phenols, alkylated alkoxyphenols, and alkylbenzenes. In the second stage of the process, the depolymerized lignin product is subjected to an exhaustive etherification reaction, optionally followed by a partial ring hydrogenation reaction, to produce a reformulated, partially oxygenated/etherified gasoline product, which includes a mixture of substituted phenyl/methyl ethers, cycloalkyl methyl ethers, C.sub.7 -C.sub.10 alkylbenzenes, C.sub.6 -C.sub.10 branched and multibranched paraffins, and alkylated and polyalkylated cycloalkanes.

Shabtai, Joseph S. (Salt Lake City, UT); Zmierczak, Wlodzimierz W. (Salt Lake City, UT); Chornet, Esteban (Golden, CO)

2001-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

38

CONTENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report was prepared by Sargent & Lundy, L.L.C., hereinafter referred to as S&L, expressly for Perrin Quarles Associates, Inc., hereinafter referred to as PQA, under EPA Contract No. EP-W-07-064. Neither S&L nor any person acting on its behalf (a) makes any warranty, express or implied, with respect to the use of any information or methods disclosed in this report or (b) assumes any liability with respect to the use of any information or methods disclosed in this report. Although prepared with EPA funding and reviewed by the EPA, this report has not been approved by the EPA for publication as an EPA report. The contents do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the EPA, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation for use. COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT HEAT RATE REDUCTIONS i

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Contents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate. This paper discusses structure, impact, costs, and efficiency of renewable energy supply in the eight largest advanced economies (the G-7 plus Spain), with focus on Germany. Renewables production costs are compared to benefits, defined as reductions in net carbon emissions; technological innovation, and increased energy security. The latter part of the paper centers on Germany, the main European producer of non-traditional renewables. We question whether the level of subsidies can be justified, relative to other means to increase energy security and reduce carbon emissions. We also find an excessive emphasis on current productive activity, relative to development of new technologies.

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Effect of ionic liquid treatment on the structures of lignins in solutions  

SciTech Connect

The solution structures of three types of isolated lignin - organosolv (OS), Kraft (K), and low sulfonate (LS) - before and after treatment with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate were studied using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) over a concentration range of 0.3-2.4 wt %. The results indicate that each of these lignins is comprised of aggregates of well-defined basal subunits, the shapes and sizes of which, in D{sub 2}O and DMSO-d{sub 6}, are revealed using these techniques. LS lignin contains a substantial amount of nanometer-scale individual subunits. In aqueous solution these subunits have a well-defined elongated shape described well by ellipsoidal and cylindrical models. At low concentration the subunits are highly expanded in alkaline solution, and the effect is screened with increasing concentration. OS lignin dissolved in DMSO was found to consist of a narrow distribution of aggregates with average radius 200 {+-} 30 nm. K lignin in DMSO consists of aggregates with a very broad size distribution. After ionic liquid (IL) treatment, LS lignin subunits in alkaline solution maintained the elongated shape but were reduced in size. IL treatment of OS and K lignins led to the release of nanometer-scale subunits with well-defined size and shape.

Cheng, Gang [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Kent, Michael S [ORNL; He, Lilin [ORNL; Varanasi, Patanjali [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Dibble, Dean [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Melnichenko, Yuri B [ORNL; Simmons, Blake [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Singh, Seema [Joint Bioenergy Institute

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Pyrolysis and gasification of lignin and effect of alkali addition .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Lignin, a byproduct of the chemical pulping can be gasified to produce fuel gas and value-added products. Two lignins, MeadWestvaco (MWV) lignin and Sigma Aldrich… (more)

Kumar, Vipul

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Method of altering lignin in trees  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of providing and breeding trees having more easily extractable lignin due to the presence of a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (Cad) null gene are presented.

MacKay, John (Raleigh, NC); O' Malley, David (Cary, NC); Whetten, Ross (Raleigh, NC); Sederoff, Ronald (Raleigh, NC)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Method of altering lignin in trees  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of providing and breeding trees having more easily extractable lignin due to the presence of a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (Cad) null gene are presented. 16 figs.

MacKay, J.; O`Malley, D.; Whetten, R.; Sederoff, R.

1998-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

44

New Lignin Separation Method from Ammonia Solutions - Energy ...  

Bio-ethanol plants typically use ammonia to separate lignin from the cellulosic fibers for a more efficient operation. Lignin itself is a byproduct with a variety ...

45

Method for recovering and using lignin in adhesive resins by extracting demethylated lignin  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lignin, or a lignin derived material, which has been significantly demethylated (e.g., the demethylated lignin found in the raffinate produced as a by-product of dimethyl sulfide production which can be carried out using the spent liquor from wood pulping operations) can be isolated by a process wherein an organic solvent is added to a lignin-containing aqueous solution. The organic solvent is typically a polar, and at least a partially water-immiscible substance such as, for example, ethyl acetate. The resulting lignin-containing aqueous solution/organic solvent mixture is acidified to produce a water layer which is discarded and an organic solvent layer which contains the demethylated lignin. Upon its recovery, the demethylated lignin is preferably dried and stored until it is used (along with an alkali, an aldehyde and an adhesive filler) in compounding an adhesive of the type generally used in the manufacture of plywood.

Schroeder, Herbert A. (Ft. Collins, CO)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Method for recovering and using lignin in adhesive resins by extracting demethylated lignin  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lignin, or a lignin derived material, which has been significantly demethylated (e.g., the demethylated lignin found in the raffinate produced as a by-product of dimethyl sulfide production which can be carried out using the spent liquor from wood pulping operations) can be isolated by a process wherein an organic solvent is added to a lignin-containing aqueous solution. The organic solvent is typically a polar, and at least a partially water-immiscible substance such as, for example, ethyl acetate. The resulting lignin-containing aqueous solution/organic solvent mixture is acidified to produce a water layer which is discarded and an organic solvent layer which contains the demethylated lignin. Upon its recovery, the demethylated lignin is dissolved in an alkaline solution to which an aldehyde source is added to produce a resol-type resin. The aldehyde source may be formaldehyde in solution, paraformaldehyde, hexamethylenetetramine, or other aldehydes including acetaldehyde, furfural, and their derivatives.

Schroeder, Herbert A. (Ft. Collins, CO)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

(Characterization of lignin peroxidases from Phanerochaete)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Work has continued on characterizing the kinetics of lignin peroxidases and has now expanded to include the chemistry of Mn peroxidases. Progress in these two area in addition to the authors work on the molecular biology of lignin biodegradation is briefly described below. Copies of two reprints and one preprint which have resulted from the work are attached.

Not Available

1990-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

48

Reactor Physics Studies of Reduced-Tantaulum-Content Control and Safety Elements for the High Flux Isotope Reactor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Some of the unirradiated High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) control elements discharged during the late 1990s were observed to have cladding damage--local swelling or blistering. The cladding damage was limited to the tantalum/europium interface of the element and is thought to result from interaction of hydrogen and europium to form a compound of lower density than europium oxide, thus leading to a ''blistering'' of the control plate cladding. Reducing the tantalum loading in the control plates should help preclude this phenomena. The impact of the change to the control plates on the operation of the reactor was assessed. Regarding nominal, steady-state reactor operation, the impact of the change in the power distribution in the core due to reduced tantalum content was calculated and found to be insignificant. The magnitude and impact of the change in differential control element worth was calculated, and the differential worths of reduced tantalum elements vs the current elements from equivalent-burnup critical configurations were determined to be unchanged within the accuracy of the computational method and relevant experimental measurements. The location of the critical control elements symmetric positions for reduced tantalum elements was found to be 1/3 in. less withdrawn relative to existing control elements regardless of the value of fuel cycle burnup (time in the fuel cycle). The magnitude and impact of the change in the shutdown margin (integral rod worth) was assessed and found to be unchanged. Differential safety element worth values for the reduced-tantalum-content elements were calculated for postulated accident conditions and were found to be greater than values currently assumed in HFIR safety analyses.

Primm, R.T., III

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

A molecular mechanics force field for lignin  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A CHARMM molecular mechanics force field for lignin is derived. Parameterization is based on reproducing quantum mechanical data of model compounds. Partial atomic charges are derived using the RESP electrostatic potential fitting method supplemented by the examination of methoxybenzene:water interactions. Dihedral parameters are optimized by fitting to critical rotational potentials and bonded parameters are obtained by optimizing vibrational frequencies and normal modes. Finally, the force field is validated by performing a molecular dynamics simulation of a crystal of a lignin fragment molecule and comparing simulation-derived structural features with experimental results. Together with the existing force field for polysaccharides, this lignin force field will enable full simulations of lignocellulose.

Petridis, Loukas [ORNL; Smith, Jeremy C [ORNL

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Computational Design of Lignin Depolymerization Catalysts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignin is a major component of plant cell walls that is typically underutilized in selective conversion strategies for renewable fuels and chemicals. The mechanisms by which thermal and catalytic treatments deconstruct lignin remain elusive, for which quantum mechanical calculations can offer fundamental insights. In this work, a computational approach has been used to elucidate the reductive deconstruction pathway of a ruthenium-catalyzed system. Transition states have been computed to determine the rate-limiting steps for a catalyst that cleaves arylether linkages. Our calculations are supported by experimental synthesis and kinetic and thermodynamic measurements of the deconstruction of model lignin dimers by a ruthenium catalyst with the ultimate objective of designing new catalysts to eventually utilize lignin in biorefineries.

Kim, S.; Chmely, S. C.; Sturgeon, M.; Katahira, R.; Paton, R. S.; Beckham, G. T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Manipulation Of Lignin Biosynthesis To Maximize Ethanol Production From Populus Feedstocks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Our research focuses on transgenic strategies for modifying lignification to improve biomass quality, without leading to deleterious effects on plant performance. In order to accomplish this objective, we designed molecular strategies and selected appropriate transgenes for manipulating the expression of lignification-associated genes; we generated poplar engineered for altered lignin content and/or monomer composition, and field-tested them for fitness; we analyzed the impact of these transgenic strategies on metabolism in general and lignin biosynthesis in particular; and evaluated the ease with which cell wall deconstruction can be accomplished using both chemical and enzymatic means using wild-type and high syringyl poplar.

Dr. Clint Chapple; Dr. Rick Lindroth; Dr. Burce Dien; Dr. Glen Stanosz; Dr. Alex Wiedenhoeft; Dr. Fu Zhao; Dr. Duane Wegener; Dr. Janice Kelly; Dr. Leigh Raymond; Dr. Wallace Tyner

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Preliminary Economics for the Production of Pyrolysis Oil from Lignin in a Cellulosic Ethanol Biorefinery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cellulosic ethanol biorefinery economics can be potentially improved by converting by-product lignin into high valued products. Cellulosic biomass is composed mainly of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. In a cellulosic ethanol biorefinery, cellulose and hemicellullose are converted to ethanol via fermentation. The raw lignin portion is the partially dewatered stream that is separated from the product ethanol and contains lignin, unconverted feed and other by-products. It can be burned as fuel for the plant or can be diverted into higher-value products. One such higher-valued product is pyrolysis oil, a fuel that can be further upgraded into motor gasoline fuels. While pyrolysis of pure lignin is not a good source of pyrolysis liquids, raw lignin containing unconverted feed and by-products may have potential as a feedstock. This report considers only the production of the pyrolysis oil and does not estimate the cost of upgrading that oil into synthetic crude oil or finished gasoline and diesel. A techno-economic analysis for the production of pyrolysis oil from raw lignin was conducted. comparing two cellulosic ethanol fermentation based biorefineries. The base case is the NREL 2002 cellulosic ethanol design report case where 2000 MTPD of corn stover is fermented to ethanol (NREL 2002). In the base case, lignin is separated from the ethanol product, dewatered, and burned to produce steam and power. The alternate case considered in this report dries the lignin, and then uses fast pyrolysis to generate a bio-oil product. Steam and power are generated in this alternate case by burning some of the corn stover feed, rather than fermenting it. This reduces the annual ethanol production rate from 69 to 54 million gallons/year. Assuming a pyrolysis oil value similar to Btu-adjusted residual oil, the estimated ethanol selling price ranges from $1.40 to $1.48 (2007 $) depending upon the yield of pyrolysis oil. This is considerably above the target minimum ethanol selling price of $1.33 for the 2012 goal case process as reported in the 2007 State of Technology Model (NREL 2008). Hence, pyrolysis oil does not appear to be an economically attractive product in this scenario. Further research regarding fast pyrolysis of raw lignin from a cellulosic plant as an end product is not recommended. Other processes, such as high-pressure liquefaction or wet gasification, and higher value products, such as gasoline and diesel from fast pyrolysis oil should be considered in future studies.

Jones, Susanne B.; Zhu, Yunhua

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Carbon Fiber Production from a Kraft Hardwood Lignin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignin is a renewable resource material that is being evaluated for the low cost production of carbon fiber for automotive and other applications. Solvent extraction of a commercial hardwood lignin product yielded a purified lignin free of the contaminants typical of lignins derived from the Kraft chemical pulping of wood. The purified lignin was highly melt-spinnable into fibers, from which carbon fiber was subsequently produced. The lignin has been evaluated in terms of its rheological properties, fiber melt spinning ability, and potential for manufacture of low cost carbon fiber without the need for plasticizing agents or chemical modifications.

Baker, Darren A [ORNL; Gallego, Nidia C [ORNL; Baker, Frederick S [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Effect of Lignin Removal by Alkaline Peroxide Pretreatment on the Susceptibility of Corn Stover to Purified Cellulolytic and Xylanolytic Enzymes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pretreatment of corn stover with alkaline peroxide (AP) at pH 11.5 resulted in reduction of lignin content in the residual solids as a function of increasing batch temperature. Scanning electron microscopy of these materials revealed notably more textured surfaces on the plant cell walls as a result of the delignifying pretreatment. As expected, digestion of the delignified samples with commercial cellulase preparations showed an inverse relationship between the content of lignin present in the residual solids after pretreatment and the extent of both glucan and xylan conversion achievable. Digestions with purified enzymes revealed that decreased lignin content in the pretreated solids did not significantly impact the extent of glucan conversion achievable by cellulases alone. Not until purified xylanolytic activities were included with the cellulases were significant improvements in glucan conversion realized. In addition, an inverse relationship was observed between lignin content after pretreatment and the extent of xylan conversion achievable in a 24-h period with the xylanolytic enzymes in the absence of the cellulases. This observation, coupled with the direct relationship between enzymatic xylan and glucan conversion observed in a number of cases, suggests that the presence of lignins may not directly occlude cellulose present in lignocelluloses but rather impact cellulase action indirectly by its association with xylan.

Selig, M. J.; Vinzant, T. B.; Himmel, M. E.; Decker, S. R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Deconstruction of Lignin Model Compounds and Biomass-Derived Lignin using Layered Double Hydroxide Catalysts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignin is an underutilized value stream in current biomass conversion technologies because there exist no economic and technically feasible routes for lignin depolymerization and upgrading. Base-catalyzed deconstruction (BCD) has been applied for lignin depolymerization (e.g., the Kraft process) in the pulp and paper industry for more than a century using aqueous-phase media. However, these efforts require treatment to neutralize the resulting streams, which adds significantly to the cost of lignin deconstruction. To circumvent the need for downstream treatment, here we report recent advances in the synthesis of layered double hydroxide and metal oxide catalysts to be applied to the BCD of lignin. These catalysts may prove more cost-effective than liquid-phase, non-recyclable base, and their use obviates downstream processing steps such as neutralization. Synthetic procedures for various transition-metal containing catalysts, detailed kinetics measurements using lignin model compounds, and results of the application of these catalysts to biomass-derived lignin will be presented.

Chmely, S. C.; McKinney, K. A.; Lawrence, K. R.; Sturgeon, M.; Katahira, R.; Beckham, G. T.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Genetics and chemistry of lignin degradation by Streptomyces  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Our research goal was to define the involvement of lignin peroxidases and other extracellular enzymes in lignin degradation by Streptomyces. We examined the biochemistry and genetics of lignin degrading enzyme production by several strains of Streptomyces. The lignin peroxidase ALiP-P3 of S. viridosporus was characterized kinetically and its activity optimized for oxidation of 2,4-dichlorophenol and vanillyl-acetone. Sensitive spectrophotometric assays were developed for monitoring oxidation of these substrates. ALiP-P3 reaction chemistry was examined using both spectrophotometric assays and gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy. Results showed that the enzyme oxidizes phenolic lignin substructure models in strong preference to nonphenolic ones. The peroxidase was also shown to depolymerize native lignin. We also cloned the ALip-P3 gene S. lividans in plasmid vector pIJ702. The cloned gene was partially sequenced, We also immunologically characterized the lignin peroxidase of S. viridosporus T7A and showed it to be structurally related to peroxidases produced by other lignin-solubilizing Streptomyces, but not the the H8 lignin peroxidase of P. chrysosporium. Studies with peroxidase deficient mutants of strain T7A showed that lignin peroxidases of S. viridosporus are directly involved in the solubilization of lignin. Additional research showed that other enzymes are also probably involved in lignin solubilization, possibly including extracellular esterases.

Crawford, D.L.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Process for producing phenolic compounds from lignins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for the production of low molecular weight phenolic compounds from lignins through the pyrolysis of the lignins in the presence of a strong base. In a preferred embodiment, potassium hydroxide is present in an amount of from about 0.1% to about 5% by weight, the pyrolysis temperature is from about 400 C to about 600 C at atmospheric pressure, and the time period for substantial completion of the reaction is from about 1--3 minutes. Examples of low molecular weight phenolic compounds produced include methoxyphenols, non-methoxylated phenols, and mixtures thereof. 16 figs.

Agblevor, F.A.

1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

Process for producing phenolic compounds from lignins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for the production of low molecular weight phenolic compounds from lignins through the pyrolysis of the lignins in the presence of a strong base. In a preferred embodiment, potassium hydroxide is present in an amount of from about 0.1% to about 5% by weight, the pyrolysis temperature is from about 400.degree. C. to about 600.degree. C. at atmospheric pressure, and the time period for substantial completion of the reaction is from about 1-3 minutes. Examples of low molecular weight phenolic compounds produced include methoxyphenols, non-methoxylated phenols, and mixtures thereof.

Agblevor, Foster A. (Lakewood, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Lignin-blocking treatment of biomass and uses thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a method for converting cellulose in a lignocellulosic biomass. The method provides for a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein treatment of high lignin solids. The treatment enhances cellulase availability in cellulose conversion. Cellulase efficiencies are improved by the protein or polypeptide treatment. The treatment may be used in combination with steam explosion and acid prehydrolysis techniques. Hydrolysis yields from lignin containing biomass are enhanced 5-20%, and enzyme utilization is increased from 10% to 50%. Thus, a more efficient and economical method of processing lignin containing biomass materials utilizes a polypeptide/protein treatment step that effectively blocks lignin binding of cellulase.

Yang, Bin (Hanover, NH); Wyman, Charles E. (Norwich, VT)

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

60

Pyrolysis mechanisms of lignin model compounds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The flash vacuum pyrolysis of lignin model compounds was studied under conditions optimized for the production of liquid products to provide mechanistic insight into the reaction pathways that lead to product formation. The major reaction products can be explained by cleavage of the C-O either linkage by a free radial or concerted 1,2-elimination.

Britt, P.F.; Buchanan, A.C. III; Cooney, M.J.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Kinetic Model Development for Lignin Pyrolysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lignin pyrolysis poses a significant barrier to the formation of liquid fuel products from biomass. Lignin pyrolyzes at higher temperatures than other biomass components (e.g. cellulose and hemi-cellulose) and tends to form radicals species that lead to cross-linking and ultimately char formation. A first step in the advancement of biomass-to-fuel technology is to discover the underlying mechanisms that lead to the breakdown of lignin at lower temperatures into more stable and usable products. We have investigated the thermochemistry of the various inter-linkage units found in lignin (B-O4, a-O4, B-B, B-O5, etc) using electronic structure calculations at the M06-2x/6-311++G(d,p) on a series of dimer model compounds. In addition to bond homolysis reactions, a variety of concerted elimination pathways are under investigation that tend to produce closed-shell stable products. Such a bottom-up approach could aid in the targeted development of catalysts that produce more desirable products under less severe reactor conditions.

Clark, J.; Robichaud, D.; Nimlos, M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Flash vacuum pyrolysis of lignin model compounds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Despite the extensive research into the pyrolysis of lignin, the underlying chemical reactions that lead to product formation are poorly understood. Detailed mechanistic studies on the pyrolysis of biomass and lignin under conditions relevant to current process conditions could provide insight into utilizing this renewable resource for the production of chemicals and fuel. Currently, flash or fast pyrolysis is the most promising process to maximize the yields of liquid products (up to 80 wt %) from biomass by rapidly heating the substrate to moderate temperatures, typically 500{degrees}C, for short residence times, typically less than two seconds. To provide mechanistic insight into the primary reaction pathways under process relevant conditions, we are investigating the flash vacuum pyrolysis (FVP) of lignin model compounds that contain a {beta}-ether. linkage and {alpha}- or {gamma}-alcohol, which are key structural elements in lignin. The dominant products from the FVP of PhCH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}OPh (PPE), PhC(OH)HCH{sub 2}OPh, and PhCH{sub 2}CH(CH{sub 2}OH)OPh at 500{degrees}C can be attributed to homolysis of the weakest bond in the molecule (C-O bond) or 1,2-elimination. Surprisingly, the hydroxy-substituent dramatically increases the decomposition of PPE. It is proposed that internal hydrogen bonding is accelerating the reaction.

Cooney, M.J.; Britt, P.F.; Buchanan, A.C. III

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Computational Mechanistic Studies of Acid-Catalyzed Lignin Model Dimers for Lignin Depolymerization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignin is a heterogeneous alkyl-aromatic polymer that constitutes up to 30% of plant cell walls, and is used for water transport, structure, and defense. The highly irregular and heterogeneous structure of lignin presents a major obstacle in the development of strategies for its deconstruction and upgrading. Here we present mechanistic studies of the acid-catalyzed cleavage of lignin aryl-ether linkages, combining both experimental studies and quantum chemical calculations. Quantum mechanical calculations provide a detailed interpretation of reaction mechanisms including possible intermediates and transition states. Solvent effects on the hydrolysis reactions were incorporated through the use of a conductor-like polarizable continuum model (CPCM) and with cluster models including explicit water molecules in the first solvation shell. Reaction pathways were computed for four lignin model dimers including 2-phenoxy-phenylethanol (PPE), 1-(para-hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenoxy-ethanol (HPPE), 2-phenoxy-phenyl-1,3-propanediol (PPPD), and 1-(para-hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenoxy-1,3-propanediol (HPPPD). Lignin model dimers with a para-hydroxyphenyl ether (HPPE and HPPPD) show substantial differences in reactivity relative to the phenyl ether compound (PPE and PPPD) which have been clarified theoretically and experimentally. The significance of these results for acid deconstruction of lignin in plant cell walls will be discussed.

Kim, S.; Sturgeon, M. R.; Chmely, S. C.; Paton, R. S.; Beckham, G. T.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Method for recovering and using lignin in adhesive resins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lignin, or a lignin derived material, which has been significantly demethylated (e.g., the demethylated lignin found in the raffinate produced as a by-product of dimethyl sulfide production which can be carried out using the spent liquor from wood pulping operations) can be isolated by a process wherein an organic solvent is added to a lignin-containing aqueous solution. The organic solvent is typically a polar, and at least a partially water-immiscible substance such as, for example, ethyl acetate. The resulting lignin-containing aqueous solution/organic solvent mixture is acidified to produce a water layer which is discarded and an organic solvent layer which contains the demethylated lignin. Upon its recovery, the demethylated lignin is dissolved in an alkaline solution to which an aldehyde source is added to produce a resol-type resin. The aldehyde source may be formaldehyde in solution, paraformaldehyde, hexamethylenetetramine, or other aldehydes including acetaldehyde, furfural, and their derivatives.

Schroeder, Herbert A. (Ft. Collins, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Evaluation of Membrane Treatment Technology to Optimize and Reduce Hypersalinity Content of Produced Brine for Reuse in Unconventional Gas Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over 18 billion barrels of waste fluids are generated annually from oil and gas production in the United States. As a large amount of water is used for oilfield operations, treating and reusing produced water can cut the consumption of fresh water in well sites. This research has helped to develop a membrane process train for a mobile produced water treatment unit for treating oilfield produced brine for reuse. To design the process train, over 30 sets of combination tests at pilot laboratory scale were performed using pretreatment, microfiltration and nanofiltration processes. Membrane performance was selected based on high flux separation efficiency, high tolerance for solids and fluid treatments. Over 95 % solids rejection and greater than 80 % oil removal efficiency were obtained in all these tests. Process train (pre-treatment and membrane) performance was monitored by chemical analysis of permeate and models fitting experimental data for the process. From the results, hydrocarbon rejection was analyzed; total organic carbon rejection was 47.9 %, total carbon content averaged 37.3 % rejection and total inorganic carbon rejection was at 3.66 %. BTEX removal efficiency ranged from 0.98 % to 52.7 % with the progressive pretreatment methods of using cartridge filters. The nanofiltration membrane showed significant reduction in total dissolved solids and in both anionic and cationic species. The process train is seen to follow a sequence of treatment from cartridge and oil removal filter treatment to microfiltration treatment to ultrafiltration, followed by nanofiltration for the purpose of this research. Further research still needs to be done on to determine the kind of analytical test which will give real time feedback on effectiveness of filters. In summary, the process train developed by TAMU-GPRI possesses distinct advantages in treating oilfield produced brine using membrane technology. These advantages include high quality of permeate, reduced sludge and the possibility of total recycle water systems. The small space requirement, moderate capital costs and ease of operation associated with the use of the mobile unit membrane technology also makes it a very competitive alternative to conventional technologies.

Eboagwu, Uche

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

A molecular mechanics force field for lignin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Molecular Mechanics Force Field for Lignin LOUKAS PETRIDIS, JEREMY C. SMITH Center for Molecular Biophysics, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 Received 14 February 2008; Revised 8 May 2008; Accepted 12 June 2008 DOI 10.1002/jcc.21075 Published online 1 August 2008 in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). Abstract: A CHARMM molecular mechanics force field for lignin is derived. Parameterization is based on reproducing quantum mechanical data of model compounds. Partial atomic charges are derived using the RESP electrostatic potential fitting method supplemented by the examination of methoxybenzene:water interactions. Dihedral parameters are optimized by fitting to critical rotational potentials and bonded parameters are obtained by optimizing vibrational frequencies and normal modes. Finally, the force field is validated

67

Pseudo-lignin formation and its impact on enzymatic hydrolysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

formation formation and its impact on enzymatic hydrolysis Fan Hu, Seokwon Jung, Arthur Ragauskas ⇑ BioEnergy Science Center, School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 500 10th Street, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 21 November 2011 Received in revised form 5 April 2012 Accepted 10 April 2012 Available online 21 April 2012 Keywords: Poplar Pseudo-lignin Dilute acid pretreatment a-Cellulose Holocellulose a b s t r a c t Pseudo-lignin, which can be broadly defined as aromatic material that yields a positive Klason lignin value and is not derived from native lignin, has been recently reported to form during the dilute acid pre- treatment of poplar holocellulose. To investigate the chemistry of pseudo-lignin formation, GPC, FT-IR and 13 C NMR were utilized to characterize pseudo-lignin

68

Redistribution of Lignin Caused by Dilute Acid Pretreatment of Biomass  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research conducted at NREL has shown that lignin undergoes a phase transition during thermochemical pretreatments conducted above its glass transition temperature. The lignin coalesces within the plant cell wall and appears as microscopic droplets on cell surfaces. It is clear that pretreatment causes significant changes in lignin distribution in pretreatments at all scales from small laboratory reactors to pilot scale reactors. A method for selectively extracting lignin droplets from the surfaces of pretreated cell walls has allowed us to characterize the chemical nature and molecular weight distribution of this fraction. The effect of lignin redistribution on the digestibility of pretreated solids has also been tested. It is clear that removal of the droplets increases the digestibility of pretreated corn stover. The improved digestibility could be due to decreased non-specific binding of enzymes to lignin in the droplets, or because the droplets no longer block access to cellulose.

Johnson, D. K.; Donohoe, B. S.; Katahira, R.; Tucker, M. P.; Vinzant, T. B.; Himmel, M. E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Lignin Gels: SOL-GEL NANOPOROUS CARBONS & COMPOSITES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lignin Gels: SOL-GEL NANOPOROUS CARBONS & COMPOSITES FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES FOR SUPERCAPACITOR Supercapacitors," Journal of 104, 014305 (9p) (2008). Contact: Professor Guozhong Cao University of Washington

Cao, Guozhong

70

Method to Increase Stabilization Rate of Lignin for Carbon ...  

Method to Increase Stabilization Rate of Lignin for Carbon Fiber Production Note: The technology described above is an early stage opportunity.

71

Experimental Study of Mechanistic Acid Deconstruction of Lignin  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lignin is a major component of biomass, which remains highly underutilized in selective biomass conversion strategies to renewable fuels and chemicals. Here we are interested in studying the mechanisms related to the acid deconstruction of lignin with a combined theoretical and experimental approach. Quantum mechanical calculations were employed to elucidate possible deconstruction mechanisms with transition state theory. Model dimers, imitating H, S, and G lignins, were synthesized with the most abundant {beta} - O - 4 linkage in lignin. These compounds were then depolymerized using various acids and at different operating conditions. The deconstruction products were analyzed to complement the QM studies and investigate proposed mechanisms.

Sturgeon, M.; Kim, S.; Chmely, S. C.; Katahira, R.; Foust, T. D.; Beckham, G. T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Available Technologies: Ionic Liquids from Lignin-derived ...  

Researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have developed a technology to convert chemicals derived from lignin into ionic liquids for use in ...

73

Imaging Lignin-Downregulated Alfalfa Using Coherent Anti-Stokes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

modification indeed improves sugar yields during the saccharification processes for bioethanol production. In their study, the lignin biosynthe- sis pathway was downregulated...

74

Tracking Hemicellulose and Lignin Deconstruction During Hydrothermal Pretreatment of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A1 CO 2 from Lignin Combustion A11 Existing Biomass A5 A14from the Combustion of Lignin lb/ton biomass A14 CO 2biomass and soil and the carbon dioxide emitted from farming, conversion to ethanol, and the distribution and combustion

McKenzie, Heather Lorelei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Process for conversion of lignin to reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for converting lignin into high-quality reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline compositions in high yields is disclosed. The process is a two-stage, catalytic reaction process that produces a reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline product with a controlled amount of aromatics. In the first stage, a lignin material is subjected to a base-catalyzed depolymerization reaction in the presence of a supercritical alcohol as a reaction medium, to thereby produce a depolymerized lignin product. In the second stage, the depolymerized lignin product is subjected to a sequential two-step hydroprocessing reaction to produce a reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline product. In the first hydroprocessing step, the depolymerized lignin is contacted with a hydrodeoxygenation catalyst to produce a hydrodeoxygenated intermediate product. In the second hydroprocessing step, the hydrodeoxygenated intermediate product is contacted with a hydrocracking/ring hydrogenation catalyst to produce the reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline product which includes various desirable naphthenic and paraffinic compounds.

Shabtai, Joseph S. (Salt Lake City, UT); Zmierczak, Wlodzimierz W. (Salt Lake City, UT); Chornet, Esteban (Golden, CO)

1999-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

76

Lignin and lignosulfonates -- From the tree to the battery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignin is the second most abundant, naturally occurring polymer. It is second only to its partner in the tree, cellulose. The paper-making industry has perfected several ways to economically free the cellulose from nature's glue, the lignin. The different pulping processes yield vastly different lignins. Various wood products, lignins and their derivatives have been used extensively in lead acid batteries. Starting with wood separators used in the early 1920's to specialized lignosulfonates currently used as the organic component of the negative plate expander formulations in lead acid batteries. This paper will give an overview of the two most prevalent routes currently used for pulping by the paper-making industry. This paper will then review the process used by Westvaco Corporation to isolate and modify the resulting lignin. It will conclude with the work done to synthesize and evaluate KRAFTPLEX{trademark}, a new lignosulfonate for use in negative plate expander formulations.

Cosgrove, J.P.

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, is sponsoring a research and development program for the development of a real-time, in-situ sensor to measure the concentration of lignin in wood pulp. The program is composed of phase I showing feasibility which is now complete, phase II for development and testing of a Field Prototype, in progress, Phase III commercialization. Phase I work (funded entirely by B&W) demonstrated a correlation between the fluorescence intensity and lignin concentration (as measured by TAPPI procedure, T 236 hm-85 Kappa Number of Pulp) for undiluted wood pulp samples. In Phase II, a laboratory test program directed at characterizing the fluorescence of wood pulp has been conducted as a prelude to the design of a prototype sensor. The current report summarizes the testing completed in Phase I and documents the Phase II laboratory testing completed through December 1991. Future Phase II efforts include additional laboratory testing, design and fabrication of a prototype sensor, and field testing of the prototype sensor. Phase III of the program will concentrate on the incorporation of the sensor into a control system and commercialization of the sensor.

Malito, M.L.; Jeffers, L.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, is sponsoring a research and development program for the development of a real-time, in-situ sensor to measure the concentration of lignin in wood pulp. The program is composed of phase I showing feasibility which is now complete, phase II for development and testing of a Field Prototype, in progress, Phase III commercialization. Phase I work (funded entirely by B W) demonstrated a correlation between the fluorescence intensity and lignin concentration (as measured by TAPPI procedure, T 236 hm-85 Kappa Number of Pulp) for undiluted wood pulp samples. In Phase II, a laboratory test program directed at characterizing the fluorescence of wood pulp has been conducted as a prelude to the design of a prototype sensor. The current report summarizes the testing completed in Phase I and documents the Phase II laboratory testing completed through December 1991. Future Phase II efforts include additional laboratory testing, design and fabrication of a prototype sensor, and field testing of the prototype sensor. Phase III of the program will concentrate on the incorporation of the sensor into a control system and commercialization of the sensor.

Malito, M.L.; Jeffers, L.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Investigation of Catalytic Pathways and Separations fro Lignin Breakdown into Monomers and Fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of the energy and material consumption for three different lignin conversion pathways has been carried out in order to assess their relative promise. Recommendations to allow for improved performance based on the current state of the art have been made, with particular focus on the use of heterogeneous nanocatalysts. Lignin is currently burned for heat and power in industrial processes, but its aromaticity and high energy content make it a good source for fuels and chemical feedstocks. The conversion of lignin to value added products has been the subject of a number of excellent reviews, and it is upon this literature as well as recent publications that the processes were selected. The analysis includes consideration of the thermodynamics of conversion, the technical feasibility of each process, and the energy and material balance. For each of the processes, improvements to future research activities have been suggested to move the processes from the bench-scale to large-scale demonstrations. This analysis is not meant to be comprehensive, in terms of process, feedstock, or selected criteria. However, this work illustrates a path forward following pre-established goals of thermodynamic efficiency, selectivity, and feasibility.

McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Gluckstein, Jeffrey A [ORNL; Hu, Michael Z. [ORNL; Kidder, Michelle [ORNL; Narula, Chaitanya Kumar [ORNL; Sturgeon, Matthew R [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN ASSESSMENT FOR THE CO-FIRING OF BIO-REFINERY SUPPLIED LIGNIN PROJECT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The major aspects of this project are proceeding toward completion. Prior to this quarter, design criteria, tentative site selection, facility layout, and preliminary facility cost estimates have been completed and issued for review. Processing of bio-solids was completed, providing material for the pilot operations. Pilot facility design, equipment selection, and modification were completed during the fourth quarter. Initial pilot facility shakedown was completed during the fourth quarter. During pilot plant shakedown operations, several production batch test runs were performed. These pilot tests were coupled with laboratory testing to confirm pilot results. In initial batches of operations, cellulose to glucose conversions of 62.5% and 64.8% were observed in laboratory hydrolysis. As part of this testing, lignin dewatering was tested using laboratory and vendor-supplied filtration equipment. Dewatering tests reported moisture contents in the lignin of between 50% and 60%. Dewatering parameters and options will continue to be investigated during lignin production. After some unavoidable delays, a suitable representative supply of MSW feed material was procured. Shredding of the feed material was completed and final drying of the feed is expected to be completed by late January. Once feed drying is completed, pilot facility production will begin to produce lignin for co-fire testing. Facility modifications are expected to continue to improve facility operations and performance during the first quarter of 2001. The TVA-Colbert facility continues to make progress in evaluating the co-location of the Masada facility on the operation of the power generation facility. The TVA-Colbert fossil plant is fully capable of providing a reliable steam supply. The preferred steam supply connection points and steam pipeline routing have been identified. The environmental review of the pipeline routing has been completed and no major impacts have been identified. Detailed assessment of steam export impacts on the Colbert boiler system continues.

Ted Berglund; Jeffrey T. Ranney; Carol L. Babb; Jacqueline G. Broder

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN ASSESSMENT FOR THE COFIRING OF BIOREFINERY SUPPLIED LIGNIN PROJECT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The major aspects of this project are proceeding toward completion. Prior to this quarter, design criteria, tentative site selection, facility layout, and preliminary facility cost estimates were completed. Processing of biosolids and pilot facility hydrolysis production have been completed to produce lignin for cofire testing. EERC had received all the biomass and baseline coal fuels for use in testing. All the combustion and fuel handling tests at EERC have been completed. During fuel preparation EERC reported no difficulties in fuel blending and handling. Preliminary cofire test results indicate that the blending of lignin and biosolids with the Colbert coal blend generally reduces NOx emissions, increases the reactivity of the coal, and increases the ash deposition rate on superheater surfaces. Deposits produced from the fuel blends, however, are more friable and hence easier to remove from tube surfaces relative to those produced from the baseline Colbert coal blend. A draft of the final cofire technical report entitled ''Effects of Cofiring Lignin and Biosolids with Coal on Fireside Performance and Combustion Products'' has been prepared and is currently being reviewed by project team members. A final report is expected by mid-third quarter 2002. The TVA-Colbert facility has neared completion of the task to evaluate co-location of the Masada facility on the operation of the power generation facility. The TVA-Colbert fossil plant is fully capable of providing a reliable steam supply. The environmental review, preferred steam supply connection points and steam pipeline routing, and assessment of steam export impacts have been completed without major issue. A cost estimate for the steam supply system was also completed. TVA is further evaluating the impacts of adding lignin to the coal fuel blend and how the steam cost is impacted by proximity of the Masada biomass facility. TVA has provided a draft final report that is under review by team members.

David J. Webster; Jeffrey T. Ranney; Jacqueline G. Broder

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN ASSESSMENT FOR THE CO-FIRING OF BIO-REFINERY SUPPLIED LIGNIN PROJECT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The major aspects of this project are proceeding toward completion. Prior to this quarter, design criteria, tentative site selection, facility layout, and preliminary facility cost estimates were completed and issued. Processing of bio-solids was completed, providing material for the pilot operations. Pilot facility hydrolysis production has been completed to produce lignin for co-fire testing and the lignin fuel was washed and dewatered. Both the lignin and bio-solids fuel materials for co-fire testing were sent to the co-fire facility (EERC) for evaluation and co-firing. EERC has received coal typical of the fuel to the TVA-Colbert boilers. This material was used at EERC as baseline material and for mixing with the bio-fuel for combustion testing. All the combustion and fuel handling tests at EERC have been completed. During fuel preparation EERC reported no difficulties in fuel blending and handling. Preliminary co-fire test results indicate that the blending of lignin and bio-solids with the Colbert coal blend generally reduces NO{sub x} emissions, increases the reactivity of the coal, and increases the ash deposition rate on superheater surfaces. Deposits produced from the fuel blends, however, are more friable and hence easier to remove from tube surfaces relative to those produced from the baseline Colbert coal blend. The final co-fire testing report is being prepared at EERC and will be completed by the end of the second quarter of 2002. The TVA-Colbert facility has neared completion of the task to evaluate co-location of the Masada facility on the operation of the power generation facility. The TVA-Colbert fossil plant is fully capable of providing a reliable steam supply. The preferred steam supply connection points and steam pipeline routing have been identified. The environmental review of the pipeline routing has been completed and no major impacts have been identified. Detailed assessment of steam export impacts on the Colbert boiler system have been completed and a cost estimate for the steam supply system was completed. The cost estimate and output and heat rate impacts have been used to determine a preliminary price for the exported steam. TVA is further evaluating the impacts of adding lignin to the coal fuel blend and how the steam cost is impacted by proximity of the Masada biomass facility.

Ted Berglund; Jeffrey T. Ranney; Carol L. Babb; Jacqueline G. Broder

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

ORNL team uses lignin to power green battery | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fred Strohl Communications 865.574.4165 ORNL team uses lignin to power green battery Listen to the audio OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Aug. 16, 2013 -- Lignin is a waste material that is...

84

Preliminary feasibility study of pulping catalyst production from lignin  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary evaluation of the economic feasibility of preparing anthraquinone, a pulping catalyst, from readily available lignin has been performed. The proposed process begins with a fractionation of lignin from a black liquor stream by means of a supercritical fluid or conventional solvent extraction to give a low molecular weight fraction conductive to further chemical treatment. This fraction is sequentially oxidized with H{sub 2}O{sub 2}, treated with a diene and dehydrogenated to give anthraquinone. The cost of the proposed process is most dependent on the overall yield of the chemical processing steps with a smaller contribution noted for lignin processing. The projections indicate that anthraquinone could be produced for as low as $1.00--$1.25/lb using this process. Details of the process, chemical reactions and calculations are included.

Power, A.J. (Power (Arthur J.) and Associates, Boulder, CO (USA)); Bozell, J.J.; Chum, H.L. (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (USA))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Evidence for Complex Molecular Architectures for Solvent-Extracted Lignins  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lignin, an abundant, naturally occurring biopolymer, is often considered 'waste' and used as a simple fuel source in the paper-making process. However, lignin has emerged as a promising renewable resource for engineering materials, such as carbon fibers. Unfortunately, the molecular architecture of lignin (in vivo and extracted) is still elusive, with numerous conflicting reports in the literature, and knowledge of this structure is extremely important, not only for materials technologies, but also for production of biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol due to biomass recalcitrance. As such, the molecular structures of solvent-extracted (sulfur-free) lignins, which have been modified using various acyl chlorides, have been probed using small-angle X-ray (SAXS) and neutron (SANS) scattering in tetrahydrofuran (THF) solution along with hydrodynamic characterization using dilute solution viscometry and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) in THF. Mass spectrometry shows an absolute molecular weight {approx}18-30 kDa ({approx}80-140 monomers), while GPC shows a relative molecular weight {approx}3 kDa. A linear styrene oligomer (2.5 kDa) was also analyzed in THF using SANS. Results clearly show that lignin molecular architectures are somewhat rigid and complex, ranging from nanogels to hyperbranched macromolecules, not linear oligomers or physical assemblies of oligomers, which is consistent with previously proposed delignification (extraction) mechanisms. Future characterization using the methods discussed here can be used to guide extraction processes as well as genetic engineering technologies to convert lignin into value added materials with the potential for high positive impact on global sustainability.

Rials, Timothy G [ORNL; Urban, Volker S [ORNL; Langan, Paul [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Evidence for Complex Molecular Architectures for Solvent-Extracted Lignins  

SciTech Connect

Lignin, an abundant, naturally occurring biopolymer, is often considered 'waste' and used as a simple fuel source in the paper-making process. However, lignin has emerged as a promising renewable resource for engineering materials, such as carbon fibers. Unfortunately, the molecular architecture of lignin (in vivo and extracted) is still elusive, with numerous conflicting reports in the literature, and knowledge of this structure is extremely important, not only for materials technologies, but also for production of biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol due to biomass recalcitrance. As such, the molecular structures of solvent-extracted (sulfur-free) lignins, which have been modified using various acyl chlorides, have been probed using small-angle X-ray (SAXS) and neutron (SANS) scattering in tetrahydrofuran (THF) solution along with hydrodynamic characterization using dilute solution viscometry and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) in THF. Mass spectrometry shows an absolute molecular weight {approx}18-30 kDa ({approx}80-140 monomers), while GPC shows a relative molecular weight {approx}3 kDa. A linear styrene oligomer (2.5 kDa) was also analyzed in THF using SANS. Results clearly show that lignin molecular architectures are somewhat rigid and complex, ranging from nanogels to hyperbranched macromolecules, not linear oligomers or physical assemblies of oligomers, which is consistent with previously proposed delignification (extraction) mechanisms. Future characterization using the methods discussed here can be used to guide extraction processes as well as genetic engineering technologies to convert lignin into value added materials with the potential for high positive impact on global sustainability.

Rials, Timothy G [ORNL; Urban, Volker S [ORNL; Langan, Paul [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Genetics and chemistry of lignin degradation by Streptomyces. Final technical report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Our research goal was to define the involvement of lignin peroxidases and other extracellular enzymes in lignin degradation by Streptomyces. We examined the biochemistry and genetics of lignin degrading enzyme production by several strains of Streptomyces. The lignin peroxidase ALiP-P3 of S. viridosporus was characterized kinetically and its activity optimized for oxidation of 2,4-dichlorophenol and vanillyl-acetone. Sensitive spectrophotometric assays were developed for monitoring oxidation of these substrates. ALiP-P3 reaction chemistry was examined using both spectrophotometric assays and gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy. Results showed that the enzyme oxidizes phenolic lignin substructure models in strong preference to nonphenolic ones. The peroxidase was also shown to depolymerize native lignin. We also cloned the ALip-P3 gene S. lividans in plasmid vector pIJ702. The cloned gene was partially sequenced, We also immunologically characterized the lignin peroxidase of S. viridosporus T7A and showed it to be structurally related to peroxidases produced by other lignin-solubilizing Streptomyces, but not the the H8 lignin peroxidase of P. chrysosporium. Studies with peroxidase deficient mutants of strain T7A showed that lignin peroxidases of S. viridosporus are directly involved in the solubilization of lignin. Additional research showed that other enzymes are also probably involved in lignin solubilization, possibly including extracellular esterases.

Crawford, D.L.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

88

Computational Analysis of the Pyrolysis of ..beta..-O4 Lignin Model Compounds: Concerted vs. Homolytic Fragmentation  

SciTech Connect

The thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid transportation fuels is a very attractive technology for expanding the utilization of carbon neutral processes and reducing dependency on fossil fuel resources. As with all such emerging technologies, biomass conversion through gasification or pyrolysis has a number of obstacles that need to be overcome to make these processes cost competitive with the refining of fossil fuels. Our current efforts have focused on the investigation of the thermochemistry of the linkages between lignin units using ab initio calculations on dimeric lignin model compounds. All calculations were carried out using M062X density functional theory at the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. The M062X method has been shown to be consistent with the CBS-QB3 method while being significantly less computationally expensive. To date we have only completed the study on the b-O4 compounds. The theoretical calculations performed in the study indicate that concerted elimination pathways dominate over bond homolysis reactions under typical pyrolysis conditions. However, this does not mean that concerted elimination will be the dominant loss process for lignin. Bimolecular radical chemistry could very well dwarf the unimolecular pathways investigated in this study. These concerted pathways tend to form stable, reasonably non-reactive products that would be more suited producing a fungible bio-oil for the production of liquid transportation fuels.

Clark, J. M.; Robichaud, D. J.; Nimlos, M. R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Lignin-assisted coal depolymerization. Technical report, December 1, 1991--February 29, 1992  

SciTech Connect

Previous research has shown that addition of lignin and lignin-derived liquids to coal stirred in tetralin under mild reaction conditions (375{degrees}C and 300--500 psig) results in a marked enhancement in the rate of coal depolymerization. In this quarterly report, overall mass balances on experiments conducted with tetralin, coal, lignin and coal-lignin mixture are reported. Overall mass recoveries of 95--99% of the total mass charged to the reactor were obtained. A number of experiments were conducted on coal, lignin and coal-lignin depolymerization. A careful statistical analysis of the data shows that coal depolymerization is enhanced by 10.4%, due to the lignin addition. The liquids obtained are being examined for their elemental composition, and molecular weight determination by size exclusion chromatography. The stability of the liquid products is being examined in various environments. The gaseous product analyses show that the major gases produced during the course of depolymerization are CO, CH{sub 4}, and CO{sub 2}. When coal and lignin are reacted together, the amount of CO and CH{sub 4}produced respectively 12% and 38% greater than the corresponding amount of gases calculated, based on the weighted average of values obtained for coal and lignin alone. The data obtained show that lignin addition to coal is synergistic in that not only is the extent of coal depolymerization increased, but the gas produced contains higher concentrations of more desirable gaseous products.

Lalvani, S.B.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Countercurrent Process for Lignin Separation from Biomass Matrix  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall goal of the project was to test the concept of using a twin-screw extruder to conduct autohydrolysis pretreatment of wheat straw in countercurrent fashion, demonstrate in situ solid/liquid separation, and produce a low-lignin cellulose product using ethanol as an extractant. The resultant solid product is suitable for sugar production through enzymatic hydrolysis and for pulp applications. Pilot-scale equipment was used to successfully demonstrate the process both for sugar and pulp applications.

Kiran Kadam; Ed Lehrburger

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

91

Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor. Final report. Draft  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The ultimate objective of the DOE-sponsored program discussed in this report is to commercialize an instrument for real-time, in-situ measurement of lignin in wood pulp at a variety of locations in the pulp process stream. The instrument will be used as a primary sensor for process control in the pulp and paper industry. Work done by B&W prior to the initiation of this program had shown: there is a functional relationship between the fluorescence intensity and the Kappa number as measured at the pulp mill laboratory. Kappa number is a standard wet chemical method for determination of the lignin concentration; the relationship is one of decreasing intensity with Kappa number, indicating operation in the quenched fluorescence regime; a great deal of scatter in the data. Because of the preliminary nature of the study, the origin of the scatter was not identified. This report documents the results of laboratory measurements made on a variety of well defined pulp samples to generate the data necessary to: determine the feasibility of an instrument for on-line lignin concentration measurement using laser fluorescence; identify the preferred measurement strategy; define the range of applicability of the instrument; and to provide background information to guide the design of a field-worthy prototype.

Jeffers, L.A.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Mechanistic Study of the Acid Degradation of Lignin Model Compounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignin is a major constituent of biomass, which remains underutilized in selective biomass conversion strategies to renewable fuels and chemicals. Here we are interested in understanding the mechanisms related to the acid deconstruction of lignin with a combined theoretical and experimental approach. Two model dimers with a b-O-4 aryl ether linkage (2-phenoxy-1-phenethanol and 2-phenoxy-1-phenyl-1,3 propanediol) and model dimmers with an a-O-4 aryl ether linkage were synthesized and deconstructed in H2SO4. The major products of the acidolysis of the b-O-4 compounds consisted of phenol and two aldehydes, phenylacetaldehyde and benzaldehyde. Quantum mechanical calculations were employed to elucidate possible deconstruction mechanisms with transition state theory. To confirm proposed mechanisms several possible intermediates were studied under similar acidolysis conditions. Although the resonance time for cleavage was on the order several hours, we have shown that the cleavage of the aryl ether linkage affords phenol and aldehydes. We would next like to utilize our mechanism of aryl ether cleavage in actual lignin.

Sturgeon, M.; Kim, S.; Chmely, S. C.; Foust, T. D.; Beckham, G. T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lignin is often the most difficult portion of plant biomass to degrade, with fungi generally thought to dominate during late stage decomposition. Lignin in feedstock plant material represents a barrier to more efficient plant biomass conversion and can also hinder enzymatic access to cellulose, which is critical for biofuels production. Tropical rain forest soils in Puerto Rico are characterized by frequent anoxic conditions and fluctuating redox, suggesting the presence of lignin-degrading organisms and mechanisms that are different from known fungal decomposers and oxygen-dependent enzyme activities. We explored microbial lignin-degraders by burying bio-traps containing lignin-amended and unamended biosep beads in the soil for 1, 4, 13 and 30 weeks. At each time point, phenol oxidase and peroxidase enzyme activity was found to be elevated in the lignin-amended versus the unamended beads, while cellulolytic enzyme activities were significantly depressed in lignin-amended beads. Quantitative PCR of bacterial communities showed more bacterial colonization in the lignin-amended compared to the unamended beads after one and four weeks, suggesting that the lignin supported increased bacterial abundance. The microbial community was analyzed by small subunit 16S ribosomal RNA genes using microarray (PhyloChip) and by high-throughput amplicon pyrosequencing based on universal primers targeting bacterial, archaeal, and eukaryotic communities. Community trends were significantly affected by time and the presence of lignin on the beads. Lignin-amended beads have higher relative abundances of representatives from the phyla Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Acidobacteria and Proteobacteria compared to unamended beads. This study suggests that in low and fluctuating redox soils, bacteria could play a role in anaerobic lignin decomposition.

DeAngelis, Kristen; Allgaier, Martin; Chavarria, Yaucin; Fortney, Julian; Hugenholtz, Phillip; Simmons, Blake; Sublette, Kerry; Silver, Whendee; Hazen, Terry

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

94

On-line measurement of lignin in wood pulp by color shift of fluorescence  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lignin concentrations from wood pulp samples are measured by applying an excitation light at a selected wavelength to the samples in order to cause the lignin to emit fluorescence. A spectral distribution of the fluorescence emission is then determined. The lignin concentration is then calculated based on the spectral distribution signal. The spectral distribution is quantified by either a wavelength centroid method or a band ratio method. 6 figs.

Jeffers, L.A.; Malito, M.L.

1996-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

95

On-line measurement of lignin in wood pulp by color shift of fluorescence  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lignin concentrations from wood pulp samples are measured by applying an excitation light at a selected wavelength to the samples in order to cause the lignin to emit fluorescence. A spectral distribution of the fluorescence emission is then determined. The lignin concentration is then calculated based on the spectral distribution signal. The spectral distribution is quantified by either a wavelength centroid method or a band ratio method.

Jeffers, Larry A. (Washington Township, Stark County, OH); Malito, Michael L. (Liberty Township, Trumbull County, OH)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Novel seed coat lignins in the Cactaceae: structure, distribution and implications for the evolution of lignin diversity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

12 12 © 2012 The Authors. The Plant Journal © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd Received Date : 08-Jul-2012 Revised Date : 30-Aug-2012 Accepted Date : 03-Sep-2012 Article type : Original Article Novel seed coat lignins in the Cactaceae: structure, distribution and implications for the evolution of lignin diversity Fang Chen, 1,3* Yuki Tobimatsu, 2, Lisa Jackson, 1 John Ralph, 2,4 and Richard A. Dixon 1,3* 1 Plant Biology Division, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, 2510 Sam Noble Parkway, Ardmore, OK 73401, USA; 2 Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Enzyme Institute, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA; 3 DOE Bioenergy Sciences Center, Oak Ridge, TN, USA; 4 DOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Madison, WI, and Wisconsin Bioenergy

97

Deciphering the Enigma of Lignification: Precursor Transport, Oxidation, and the Topochemistry of Lignin Assembly  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plant lignification is a tightly regulated complex cellular process that occurs via three sequential steps: the synthesis of monolignols within the cytosol; the transport of monomeric precursors across plasma membrane; and the oxidative polymerization of monolignols to form lignin macromolecules within the cell wall. Although we have a reasonable understanding of monolignol biosynthesis, many aspects of lignin assembly remain elusive. These include the precursors transport and oxidation, and the initiation of lignin polymerization. This review describes our current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying monolignol transport and oxidation, discusses the intriguing yet least-understood aspects of lignin assembly, and highlights the technologies potentially aiding in clarifying the enigma of plant lignification.

Liu C. J.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Characterization of trapped lignin-degrading microbes in tropical forest soil  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

unamended beads after one and four weeks, suggesting that the lignin supported increased bacterial abundance. The microbial community was analyzed by small subunit 16S ribosomal RNA genes using microarray (PhyloChip) and by high-throughput amplicon pyrosequencing based on universal primers targeting bacterial, archaeal, and eukaryotic communities. Community trends were significantly affected by time and the presence of lignin on the beads. Lignin-amended beads have higher relative abundances of representatives from the phyla Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Acidobacteria and Proteobacteria compared to unamended beads. This study suggests that in low and fluctuating redox soils, bacteria could play a role in anaerobic lignin decomposition.

DeAngelis, K.M.; Allgaier, M.; Chavarria, Y.; Fortney, J.L.; Hugenholz, P.; Simmons, B.; Sublette, K.; Silver, W.L.; Hazen, T.C.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Lignin as Both Fuel and Fusing Binder in Briquetted Anthracite Fines for Foundry Coke Substitute.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Lignin that had been extracted from Kraft black liquor was investigated as a fusing binder in briquetted anthracite fines for a foundry coke substitute. Cupola… (more)

Lumadue, Matthew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Final Report: Investigation of Catalytic Pathways for Lignin Breakdown into Monomers and Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lignin is a biopolymer that comprises up to 35% of woody biomass by dry weight. It is currently underutilized compared to cellulose and hemicellulose, the other two primary components of woody biomass. Lignin has an irregular structure of methoxylated aromatic groups linked by a suite of ether and alkyl bonds which makes it difficult to degrade selectively. However, the aromatic components of lignin also make it promising as a base material for the production of aromatic fuel additives and cyclic chemical feed stocks such as styrene, benzene, and cyclohexanol. Our laboratory research focused on three methods to selectively cleave and deoxygenate purified lignin under mild conditions: acidolysis, hydrogenation and electrocatalysis. (1) Acidolysis was undertaken in CH2Cl2 at room temperature. (2) Hydrogenation was carried out by dissolving lignin and a rhodium catalyst in 1:1 water:methoxyethanol under a 1 atm H2 environment. (3) Electrocatalysis of lignin involved reacting electrically generated hydrogen atoms at a catalytic palladium cathode with lignin dissolved in a solution of aqueous methanol. In all of the experiments, the lignin degradation products were identified and quantified by gas chromatography mass spectroscopy and flame ionization detection. Yields were low, but this may have reflected the difficulty in recovering the various fractions after conversion. The homogeneous hydrogenation of lignin showed fragmentation into monomers, while the electrocatalytic hydrogenation showed production of polyaromatic hydrocarbons and substituted benzenes. In addition to the experiments, promising pathways for the conversion of lignin were assessed. Three conversion methods were compared based on their material and energy inputs and proposed improvements using better catalyst and process technology. A variety of areas were noted as needing further experimental and theoretical effort to increase the feasibility of lignin conversion to fuels.

Gluckstein, Jeffrey A [ORNL; Hu, Michael Z. [ORNL; Kidder, Michelle [ORNL; McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Narula, Chaitanya Kumar [ORNL; Sturgeon, Matthew R [ORNL

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

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101

[Characterization of lignin and Mn peroxidases from Phanerochaete chrysosporium]. Progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lignin peroxidases were investigated with respect to enzyme kinetics and NMR spectroscopy of the heme domain. MN peroxidases were studied with respect to the role of oxalate in enzyme activity, the NMR spectroscopy of the heme domain. Gene expression of both lignin and MN peroxidases were examined as well as expression of site-directed mutants aimed at scale up production of these enzymes.

Not Available

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

102

Base-Catalyzed Depolymerization of Lignin: Separation of Monomers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In our quest for fractionating lignocellulosic biomass and valorizing specific constitutive fractions, we have developed a strategy for the separation of 12 added value monomers generated during the hydrolytic based-catalyzed depolymerization of a Steam Exploded Aspen Lignin. The separation strategy combines liquid-liquid-extraction (LLE), followed by vacuum distillation, liquid chromatography (LC) and crystallization. LLE, vacuum distillation and flash LC were tested experimentally. Batch vacuum distillation produced up to 4 fractions. Process simulation confirmed that a series of 4 vacuum distillation columns could produce 5 distinct monomer streams, 3 of which require further chromatography and crystallization for purification.

Vigneault, A.; Johnson, D. K.; Chornet, E.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A NEW PROCESS DEVELOPED FOR SEPARATION OF LIGNIN FROM AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE PRETREATMENT SOLUTIONS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A method is described for separating lignin from liquid solutions resulting from the pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials such as switchgrass with ammonium hydroxide. The method involves a sequence of steps including acidification, evaporation, and precipitation or centrifugation that are performed under defined conditions, and results in a relatively pure, solid lignin product. The method is tested on ammonium hydroxide solutions containing lignin extracted from switchgrass. Experimental results show that the method is capable of recovering between 66-95% of dissolved lignin as a precipitated solid. Cost estimates of pilot-scale and industrial-scale expressions of the process indicate that breakeven lignin prices of $2.36/kg and $0.78/kg, respectively, may be obtainable with this recovery method.

Sherman, S.; Gorensek, M.; Milliken, C.

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

104

Mechanistic Investigation of Acid-Catalyzed Cleavage of Aryl-Ether Linkages: Implications for Lignin Depolymerization  

SciTech Connect

Carbon-oxygen bonds are the primary inter-monomer linkages lignin polymers in plant cell walls, and as such, catalyst development to cleave these linkages is of paramount importance to deconstruct biomass to its constituent monomers for the production of renewable fuels and chemicals. For many decades, acid catalysis has been used to depolymerize lignin. Lignin is a primary component of plant cell walls, which is connected primarily by aryl-ether linkages, and the mechanism of its deconstruction by acid is not well understood, likely due to its heterogeneous and complex nature compared to cellulose. For effective biomass conversion strategies, utilization of lignin is of significant relevance and as such understanding the mechanisms of catalytic lignin deconstruction to constituent monomers and oligomers is of keen interest. Here, we present a comprehensive experimental and theoretical study of the acid catalysis of a range of dimeric species exhibiting the b-O-4 linkage, the most common inter-monomer linkage in lignin. We demonstrate that the presence of a phenolic species dramatically increases the rate of cleavage in acid at 150 degrees C. Quantum mechanical calculations on dimers with the para-hydroxyl group demonstrate that this acid-catalyzed pathway differs from the nonphenolic dimmers. Importantly, this result implies that depolymerization of native lignin in the plant cell wall will proceed via an unzipping mechanism wherein b-O-4 linkages will be cleaved from the ends of the branched, polymer chains inwards toward the center of the polymer. To test this hypothesis further, we synthesized a homopolymer of b-O-4 with a phenolic hydroxyl group, and demonstrate that it is cleaved in acid from the end containing the phenolic hydroxyl group. This result suggests that genetic modifications to lignin biosynthesis pathways in plants that will enable lower severity processes to fractionate lignin for upgrading and for easier access to the carbohydrate fraction of the plant cell wall.

Sturgeon, M. R.; Kim, S.; Chmely, S. C.; Foust, T. D.; Beckham, G. T.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Molecular simulation as a tool for studying lignin  

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Simulation Simulation as a Tool for Studying Lignin Amandeep K. Sangha, a,b Loukas Petridis, a,b Jeremy C. Smith, a,b,c Angela Ziebell, d,e and Jerry M. Parks a,b a UT/ORNL Center for Molecular Biophysics, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6309; parksjm@ornl.gov (for correspondence) b BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge, TN c Department of Biochemistry and Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Tennessee, M407 Walters Life Sciences, 1414 Cumberland Avenue, Knoxville, TN 37996 d National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401-3393; angela.ziebell@nrel.gov (for correspondence) e BioEnergy Science Center, Golden, CO Published online 30 December 2011 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). DOI 10.1002/ep.10628 Lignocellulosic biomass provides a sustainable source of sugars for biofuel and biomaterial production.

106

Lignin biosynthesis perturbations affect secondary cell wall composition and saccharification yield in Arabidopsis thaliana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Background Second-generation biofuels are generally produced from the polysaccharides in the lignocellulosic plant biomass, mainly cellulose. However, because cellulose is embedded in a matrix of other polysaccharides and lignin, its...

Van Acker, Rebecca; Vanholme, Ruben; Storme, Véronique; Mortimer, Jennifer C; Dupree, Paul; Boerjan, Wout

2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

107

Batch Microreactor Studies of Lignin Depolymerization by Bases. 2. Aqueous Solvents  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biomass feedstocks contain roughly 15-30% lignin, a substance that can not be converted to fermentable sugars. Hence, most schemes for producing biofuels assume that the lignin coproduct will be utilized as boiler fuel. Yet, the chemical structure of lignin suggests that it will make an excellent high value fuel additive, if it can be broken down into smaller compounds. From Fiscal year 1997 through Fiscal year 2001, Sandia National Laboratories participated in a cooperative effort with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the University of Utah to develop and scale a base catalyzed depolymerization (BCD) process for lignin conversion. SNL's primary role in the effort was to perform kinetic studies, examine the reaction chemistry, and to develop alternate BCD catalyst systems. This report summarizes the work performed at Sandia during Fiscal Year 1999 through Fiscal Year 2001 with aqueous systems. Work with alcohol based systems is summarized in part 1 of this report. Our study of lignin depolymerization by aqueous NaOH showed that the primary factor governing the extent of lignin conversion is the NaOH:lignin ratio. NaOH concentration is at best a secondary issue. The maximum lignin conversion is achieved at NaOH:lignin mole ratios of 1.5-2. This is consistent with acidic compounds in the depolymerized lignin neutralizing the base catalyst. The addition of CaO to NaOH improves the reaction kinetics, but not the degree of lignin conversion. The combination of Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} and CaO offers a cost saving alternative to NaOH that performs identically to NaOH on a per Na basis. A process where CaO is regenerated from CaCO{sub 3} could offer further advantages, as could recovering the Na as Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} or NaHCO{sub 3} by neutralization of the product solution with CO2. Model compound studies show that two types of reactions involving methoxy substituents on the aromatic ring occur: methyl group migration between phenolic groups (making and breaking ether bonds) and the loss of methyl/methoxy groups from the aromatic ring (destruction of ether linkages). The migration reactions are significantly faster than the demethylation reactions, but ultimately demethylation processes predominates.

MILLER, JAMES E.; EVANS, LINDSEY; MUDD, JASON E.; BROWN, KARA A.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

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121

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125

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129

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159

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162

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163

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165

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172

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Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included in Prices " ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet...

174

Lignin-assisted coal depolymerization. Technical report, September 1, 1991--November 30, 1991  

SciTech Connect

Previous research has shown that addition of lignin-derived liquids to coal stirred in tetralin under mild reaction conditions (375{degree}C and 300--500 psig) results in a marked enhancement in the rate of coal depolymerization. A mathematical model was developed to study the kinetics of coal depolymerization in the presence of liquid-derived liquids. In the present study, a reaction pathway was formulated to explain the enhancement in coal depolymerization due to lignin (solid) addition. The model postulated assumes that the products of lignin obtained during thermolysis interact with the reactive moieties present in coal while simultaneous depolymerization of coal occurs. A good fit between the experimental data and the kinetic model was found. The results show that in addition to the enhancement in the rate of coal depolymerization, lignin also reacts (and enhances the extent of depolymerization of coal) with those reaction sites in coal that are not susceptible to depolymerization when coal alone is reacted in tetralin under identical reaction conditions. Additional work is being carried out to determine a thorough materials balance on the lignin-assisted coal depolymerization process. A number of liquid samples have been obtained which are being studied for their stability in various environments. 5 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Lalvani, S.B.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

175

Determining the Effect of Concerted Elimination Reactions in the Pyrolysis of Lignin Using Model Compounds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lignin pyrolysis is a significant impediment in forming liquid fuel from biomass. Lignin pyrolyzes at a higher temperature than other biomass components (ie cellulose, hemicellulose) and tends to form radicals which lead to cross linking and ultimately char formation. A primary step in advances biomass-to-fuel technology will be to discover mechanisms that can disassemble lignin at lower temperatures and depolymerize lignin into more stable products. We have investigated the thermochemistry of the various inter-linkage units found in lignin ({beta}-O4, {alpha}-O4, {beta}-{beta}, {beta}-O5, etc) using electronic structure calculations at the M06-2x/6-311++G(d,p) on a series of dimer model compounds. In addition to the usually-assumed bond homolysis reactions, we have investigated a variety of concerted elimination pathways that will tend to produce closed-shell stable products. Such a bottom-up approach could aid in the targeted development of catalysts that produce more desirable products under less severe reactor conditions.

Robichaud, D.; Clark, J.; Nimlos, M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 5:41:19 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural...

177

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1092013 12:45:25 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural...

178

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 5:47:49 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oklahoma...

179

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 5:47:48 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Ohio...

180

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 5:40:49 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 5:47:39 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Indiana...

182

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 5:41:58 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural...

183

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 5:44:37 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Nebraska...

184

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 5:50:33 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1:...

185

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit " ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of...

186

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry " ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of...

187

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 9:14:27 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wisconsin Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"...

188

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 9:13:24 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wisconsin Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

189

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 5:40:28 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wisconsin Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010WI2" "Date","Wisconsin...

190

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 5:43:56 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wisconsin Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3035WI2" "Date","Wisconsin...

191

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 5:45:05 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wisconsin Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3045WI2"...

192

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 5:45:04 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wisconsin Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3045WI2"...

193

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in Pennsylvania Represented by the Price (%)" "Sourcekey","N3020PA4" "Date","Percent of Commercial...

194

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 9:13:15 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Pennsylvania Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"...

195

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 9:14:13 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Pennsylvania Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"...

196

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

586-8800",,,"9302013 9:16:27 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Citygate Price in Pennsylvania (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3050PA3"...

197

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

586-8800",,,"9302013 9:16:28 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Citygate Price in Pennsylvania (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3050PA3"...

198

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"172014 2:49:36 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Idaho Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"...

199

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"172014 2:48:16 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Idaho Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010ID2" "Date","Idaho...

200

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

72014 2:54:14 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Citygate Price in Idaho (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3050ID3" "Date","Natural Gas Citygate...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

72014 2:54:52 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in Idaho (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3060ID2" "Date","Natural Gas Delivered...

202

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"172014 2:53:12 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Idaho Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3045ID2"...

203

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

72014 2:54:13 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Citygate Price in Idaho (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3050ID3" "Date","Natural Gas Citygate...

204

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2:49:37 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in Idaho Represented by the Price (%)" "Sourcekey","N3020ID4" "Date","Percent of Commercial...

205

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"172014 2:51:34 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Idaho Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3035ID2" "Date","Idaho...

206

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

72014 2:54:53 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in Idaho (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3060ID2" "Date","Natural Gas Delivered...

207

Spectral Content  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Spectral Content of the NLC Bunch Train due to Long Range Wakefields Peter Tenenbaum LCC-Note-0015 10-May-1999 Abstract The functional specifications of the sub-train position...

208

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2:08:06 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0PNGNUS-NBRDMCF"...

209

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2:08:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0PNGNUS-NBRDMCF"...

210

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

132014 2:06:54 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0ENGNUS-NBRMMCF" "Date","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas...

211

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

312013 3:21:41 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas Wells (Summary) " "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSNUSMMCF","NGMEPG0FGSR3FMMMCF","NG...

212

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

312013 3:21:40 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas Wells (Summary) " "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0FGSNUSMMCF","NGMEPG0FGSR3FMMMCF","NG...

213

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4:58:30 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0ENGNUS-NKSMMCF" "Date","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas...

214

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2:08:11 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alaska Liquefied Natural Gas Exports Price to China (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0PNGSAK-NCHDMCF"...

215

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2:08:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to China (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0PNGNUS-NCHDMCF"...

216

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

132014 2:06:55 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to China (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0ENGNUS-NCHMMCF" "Date","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas...

217

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2:08:12 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alaska Liquefied Natural Gas Exports Price to China (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0PNGSAK-NCHDMCF"...

218

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11252013 9:01:19 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries" "Sourcekey","MTTIPP11","MTTIPP21","MTTIPP31",...

219

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 5:41:31 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1:...

220

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"9302013 6:13:51 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"172014 2:58:22 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Federal Offshore--Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9010FX2"...

222

Experimental and Computational Methods for the Deconstruction and Valorization of Lignin  

SciTech Connect

Lignin is among the most abundant natural heteropolymers on Earth. While lignin represents an abundant feedstock material for the production of renewable fuels and value-added chemicals, it is an underutilized value stream in current biomass conversion technologies because there exist no economic and technically feasible routes for lignin depolymerization and upgrading. My work at NREL has focused on elucidating deconstruction pathways of this recalcitrant polymer using homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts. This entails testing putative catalyst species against a library of model compounds as well as using computational modeling of the substrates and catalysts to determine thermodynamic and kinetic parameters. From these preliminary studies, I hope to develop strategies for the selective conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals. Synthetic techniques applicable to a model compound library, synthesis and spectroscopic characterization of catalyst species, as well as DFT studies of all of the aforementioned will be presented.

Chmely, S. C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Top Value-Added Chemicals from Biomass - Volume II—Results of Screening for Potential Candidates from Biorefinery Lignin  

SciTech Connect

This report evaluates lignin’s role as a renewable raw material resource. Opportunities that arise from utilizing lignin fit into one of three categories: 1)power, fuel and syngas (generally near-term opportunities) 2) macromolecules (generally medium-term opportunities) 3) aromatics and miscellaneous monomers (long-term opportunities). Biorefineries will receive and process massive amounts of lignin. For this reason, how lignin can be best used to support the economic health of the biorefinery must be defined. An approach that only considers process heat would be shortsighted. Higher value products present economic opportunities and the potential to significantly increase the amount of liquid transportation fuel available from biomass. In this analysis a list of potential uses of lignin was compiled and sorted into “product types” which are broad classifications (listed above as power—fuel—syngas; macromolecules; and aromatics). In the first “product type” (power—fuel—gasification) lignin is used purely as a carbon source and aggressive means are employed to break down its polymeric structure. In the second “product type” (macromolecules) the opposite extreme is considered and advantage of the macromolecular structure imparted by nature is retained in high-molecular weight applications. The third “product type” (aromatics) lies somewhere between the two extremes and employs technologies that would break up lignin’s macromolecular structure but maintain the aromatic nature of the building block molecules. The individual opportunities were evaluated based on their technical difficulty, market, market risk, building block utility, and whether a pure material or a mixture would be produced. Unlike the “Sugars Top 10” report it was difficult to identify the ten best opportunities, however, the potential opportunities fell nicely into near-, medium- and long-term opportunities. Furthermore, the near-, medium- and long-term opportunities roughly align with the three “product types.” From this analysis a list of technical barriers was developed which can be used to identify research needs. Lignin presents many challenges for use in the biorefinery. Chemically it differs from sugars having a complex aromatic substructure. Unlike cellulose, which has a relatively simple substructure of glucose subunits, lignin has a high degree of variability in its structure which differs both from biomass source and from the recovery process used. In addition to its variability lignin is also reactive and to some degree less stable thermally and oxidatively to other biomass streams. What this means is that integrating a lignin process stream within the biorefinery will require identifying the best method to separate lignin from biomass cost-effectively.

Holladay, John E.; White, James F.; Bozell, Joseph J.; Johnson, David

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Comparative results of the combustion of lignin briquettes and black coal  

SciTech Connect

A new type of biofuel - hydrolytic lignin briquettes - was tested as compared with ordinary SS coal from the Kuznetsk Basin in fuel-bed firing in a Universal-6 boiler. It was found that the (total) efficiency of the boiler with the firing of lignin briquettes was 38% higher than that with the use of black coal. Carbon loss in the combustion of briquettes was 1%, whereas it was 48.2% in the combustion of black coal. The emission of harmful gas pollutants into the environment in the combustion of briquettes was lower than that in the combustion of coal by a factor of 4.5.

V.G. Lurii [Institute for Fossil Fuels, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Flash Vacuum Pyrolysis of Lignin Model Compounds: Reaction Pathways of Aromatic Methoxy Groups  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Currently, there is interest in utilizing lignin, a major constituent of biomass, as a renewable source of chemicals and fuels. High yields of liquid products can be obtained from the flash or fast pyrolysis of biomass, but the reaction pathways that lead to product formation are not understood. To provide insight into the primary reaction pathways under process relevant conditions, we are investigating the flash vacuum pyrolysis (FVP) of lignin model compounds at 500 C. This presentation will focus on the FVP of {beta}-ether linkages containing aromatic methoxy groups and the reaction pathways of methoxy-substituted phenoxy radicals.

Britt, P.F.; Buchanan, A.C., III; Martineau, D.R.

1999-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

226

Method of separating lignocellulosic material into lignin, cellulose and dissolved sugars  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for separating lignocellulosic material into (a) lignin, (b) cellulose, and (c) hemicellulose and dissolved sugars. Wood or herbaceous biomass is digested at elevated temperature in a single-phase mixture of alcohol, water and a water-immiscible organic solvent (e.g., a ketone). After digestion, the amount of water or organic solvent is adjusted so that there is phase separation. The lignin is present in the organic solvent, the cellulose is present in a solid pulp phase, and the aqueous phase includes hemicellulose and any dissolved sugars.

Black, S.K.; Hames, B.R.; Myers, M.D.

1998-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

227

Method of separating lignocellulosic material into lignin, cellulose and dissolved sugars  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for separating lignocellulosic material into (a) lignin, (b) cellulose, and (c) hemicellulose and dissolved sugars. Wood or herbaceous biomass is digested at elevated temperature in a single-phase mixture of alcohol, water and a water-immiscible organic solvent (e.g., a ketone). After digestion, the amount of water or organic solvent is adjusted so that there is phase separation. The lignin is present in the organic solvent, the cellulose is present in a solid pulp phase, and the aqueous phase includes hemicellulose and any dissolved sugars.

Black, Stuart K. (Denver, CO); Hames, Bonnie R. (Westminster, CO); Myers, Michele D. (Dacono, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

CEDR Content  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CEDR Content" CEDR Content" "The Consolidated Energy Data Report (CEDR) consists of 27 worksheets that should be completed by each site, as applicable, and included as part each site's SSP in a MS Excel electronic format. The CEDR is due to the SPO no later than December 9th." "Worksheet",,"Overview","Action" 1.1,"Content","Stand-alone overview of the CEDR tabs.","None" 2.1,"Funds, Meters, Training","Collects information on energy and water spending, and metering status.","If applicable, complete cells highlighted in orange. Edited and new data cells should be highlighted in light blue." 3.1,"BTU & Gal Key","Reference tab containing all factors and dropdown menu information for all tabs starting with ""3"". If you need to divide up the CEDR, please keep all tabs starting with ""3"" together to ensure calculation links are not broken. ","None"

229

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Workbook Contents" Workbook Contents" ,"U.S. State-to-State capacity" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","Units of Measurement","Frequency","Updated Date" ,"Pipeline State-to-State Capacity","State-to-State capacity","Million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d)","Quarterly","application/vnd.ms-excel" ,"State Inflow Capacity","Inflow capacity from other States","Million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d)","Quarterly","application/vnd.ms-excel" ,"State Outflow Capacity","Outflow capacity to other States","Million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d)","Quarterly","application/vnd.ms-excel"

230

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

586-8800",,,"12122013 6:56:58 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry " "Sourcekey","N9103US2","NGAEPG0IMLYCAM-Z00MMCF","NAEP...

231

POLICY CONTENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

March 31, 1999. It lists in alphabetical order the National Customs Rulings (NCR) that were made since the Memorandum was published. 2. Appendix B – Supplement 1 is a supplement to Appendix B of Memorandum D11-11-2. It presents the policy content of the more recent NCRs, which are listed by numerical order of tariff items for greater ease of reference.

Um D; National Customs Rulings (ncrs

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Batch Microreactor Studies of Lignin Depolymerization by Bases. 1. Alcohol Solvents  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biomass feedstocks contain roughly 10-30% lignin, a substance that can not be converted to fermentable sugars. Hence, most schemes for producing biofuels (ethanol) assume that the lignin coproduct will be utilized as boiler fuel to provide heat and power to the process. However, the chemical structure of lignin suggests that it will make an excellent high value fuel additive, if it can be broken down into smaller molecular units. From fiscal year 1997 through fiscal year 2001, Sandia National Laboratories was a participant in a cooperative effort with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the University of Utah to develop and scale a base catalyzed depolymerization (BCD) process for lignin conversion. SNL's primary role in the effort was to utilize rapidly heated batch microreactors to perform kinetic studies, examine the reaction chemistry, and to develop alternate catalyst systems for the BCD process. This report summarizes the work performed at Sandia during FY97 and FY98 with alcohol based systems. More recent work with aqueous based systems will be summarized in a second report.

MILLER, JAMES E.; EVANS, LINDSEY; LITTLEWOLF, ALICIA; TRUDELL, DANIEL E.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Genome Sequence of Streptomyces viridosporus Strain T7A ATCC 39115, a Lignin-Degrading Actinomycete  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We announce the availability of the genome sequence of Streptomyces viridosporus strain T7A ATCC 39115, a plant biomass- degrading actinomycete. This bacterium is of special interest because of its capacity to degrade lignin, an underutilized compo- nent of plants in the context of bioenergy. It has a full complement of genes for plant biomass catabolism.

Davis, Jennifer R. [Brown University; Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Teshima, Hazuki [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Huntemann, Marcel [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Wei, Chia-Lin [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Chen, Amy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mavromatis, K [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Szeto, Ernest [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Markowitz, Victor [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mikhailova, Natalia [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ovchinnikova, Galina [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pagani, Ioanna [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Peters, Lin [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Sello, Jason K. [Brown University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Novel mutants optimised for lignin, growth, and biofuel production via re-mutagenesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Novel mutants optimised for lignin, growth, and biofuel production via re-mutagenesis Investigators cell wall properties for more efficient biofuel production. Two approaches are being used towards will be good candidates for manipulation in crops used in biofuel production. Background Although

Nur, Amos

235

On the characterization and spinning of solvent extracted lignin towards the manufacture of low-cost carbon fiber  

SciTech Connect

ABSTRACT: A Kraft hardwood lignin (HWL) and an organic-purified hardwood lignin (HWL-OP) were evaluated as potential precursors for the production of lowcost carbon fibers. It was found that the unpurified HWL exhibited poor spinnability while the HWL-OP exhibited excellent spinnability characteristics. Fibers of various diameters were obtained from the HWL-OP. Thermostabilization studies showed that oxidative stabilization can only be used to convert HWL-OP-based fibers into carbon fibers if extremely low heating rates are applied. Carbonized lignin-based fibers had tensile strength of 0.51 GPa and tensile modulus of 28.6 GPa. VC

Baker, Darren A [ORNL; Gallego, Nidia C [ORNL; Baker, Frederick S [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ngm_epg0_fgc_sky_mmcfa.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/ngm_epg0_fgc_sky_mmcfa.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:59:11 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (MMcf) " "Sourcekey","NGM_EPG0_FGC_SKY_MMCF" "Date","Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (MMcf) "

237

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ks2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ks2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:36 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040KS2" "Date","Kansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,63 35110,63 35139,63 35170,61 35200,62 35231,57 35261,57 35292,55 35323,56

238

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040nv2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040nv2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:41 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Nevada Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NV2" "Date","Nevada Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0 33496,0 33526,0

239

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ms2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ms2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:38 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Mississippi Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MS2" "Date","Mississippi Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,217 35110,199 35139,223 35170,219 35200,237 35231,234 35261,239

240

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9103us3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9103us3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:54:18 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas LNG Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9103US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas LNG Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 31228,4.6 31593,4.62 32324,2.71

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9130us3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9130us3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:24 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9130US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 32523,2.69 32554,2.4

242

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040tx2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040tx2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:44 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Texas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040TX2" "Date","Texas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,129403 25019,124584 25384,111499 25749,100305 26114,70222 26480,59821 26845,36133 27210,34431

243

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010al2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010al2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010AL2" "Date","Alabama Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,45543 25019,51708 25384,54804 25749,55779 26114,54867 26480,53397 26845,55685

244

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010mi2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010mi2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:33 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Michigan Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010MI2" "Date","Michigan Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,302472 25019,315694 25384,333264 25749,340033 26114,343773 26480,355266

245

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010co3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010co3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:12 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Colorado Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010CO3" "Date","Colorado Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

246

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010wa3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010wa3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:05 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Washington Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010WA3" "Date","Washington Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

247

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ak2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ak2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:05 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alaska Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010AK2" "Date","Alaska Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,1958 25019,2293 25384,4573 25749,6211 26114,6893 26480,8394 26845,5024

248

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ar2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ar2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010AR2" "Date","Arkansas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,52777 25019,56346 25384,58322 25749,59792 26114,48737 26480,47387

249

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2010 Annual",2010 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ok2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ok2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:42 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oklahoma Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040OK2" "Date","Oklahoma Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,126629 25019,129408 25384,130766 25749,129629 26114,39799 26480,38797 26845,36411

250

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020us4m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020us4m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:23:38 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)" "Sourcekey","N3020US4" "Date","Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)"

251

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ak3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ak3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:06 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alaska Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AK3" "Date","Alaska Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

252

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ca3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ca3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:11 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: California Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010CA3" "Date","California Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

253

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040la2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040la2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:37 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Louisiana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040LA2" "Date","Louisiana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,1788 33284,1684 33312,1571 33343,1593 33373,1807 33404,1690 33434,2042

254

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040tn2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040tn2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:44 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Tennessee Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040TN2" "Date","Tennessee Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0 33496,0

255

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010wi2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010wi2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:06 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wisconsin Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010WI2" "Date","Wisconsin Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,90994 25019,93425 25384,101124 25749,105208 26114,109758 26480,104648

256

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020us4a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020us4a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:23:38 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)" "Sourcekey","N3020US4" "Date","Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)"

257

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010nh3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010nh3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:43 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Hampshire Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010NH3" "Date","New Hampshire Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

258

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010in2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010in2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:24 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Indiana Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010IN2" "Date","Indiana Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,139519 25019,145955 25384,156699 25749,158699 26114,162747 26480,169267

259

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ct3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ct3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Connecticut Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3020CT3" "Date","Connecticut Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

260

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010mo3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010mo3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:36 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Missouri Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010MO3" "Date","Missouri Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040la2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040la2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:36 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Louisiana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040LA2" "Date","Louisiana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,161849 25019,166439 25384,158852 25749,154089 26114,103564 26480,63667 26845,102091

262

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ut2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ut2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:46 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Utah Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040UT2" "Date","Utah Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 34592,646 34834,696 34865,4590 34895,4767 34926,4382 34957,4389 34987,4603 35018,4932

263

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010az2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010az2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:09 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arizona Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010AZ2" "Date","Arizona Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,25376 25019,26681 25384,28426 25749,29679 26114,32619 26480,34259 26845,36280

264

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ak3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ak3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:06 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alaska Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AK3" "Date","Alaska Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

265

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9132us3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9132us3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:27 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9132US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 31228,3.92 31593,2.35

266

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010id3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010id3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Idaho Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010ID3" "Date","Idaho Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

267

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010me2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010me2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:32 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Maine Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010ME2" "Date","Maine Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,3967 25019,3571 25384,4910 25749,5247 26114,5591 26480,6036 26845,6027 27210,6174

268

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ne3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ne3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:42 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Nebraska Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010NE3" "Date","Nebraska Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

269

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040wy2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040wy2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:47 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wyoming Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040WY2" "Date","Wyoming Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,1498 25019,13038 25384,17632 25749,18419 26114,3860 26480,8376 26845,6618 27210,6102

270

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010mn3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010mn3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:34 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Minnesota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010MN3" "Date","Minnesota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

271

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ca2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ca2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:10 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: California Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010CA2" "Date","California Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,522122 25019,517636 25384,562127 25749,552544 26114,630998 26480,637289

272

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040sd2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040sd2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:43 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: South Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040SD2" "Date","South Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,384 33284,350 33312,382 33343,380 33373,382 33404,376 33434,405

273

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040nm2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040nm2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:41 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NM2" "Date","New Mexico Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,236 35110,220 35139,240 35170,230 35200,241 35231,229 35261,217

274

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010co2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010co2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:11 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Colorado Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010CO2" "Date","Colorado Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,75351 25019,78371 25384,81068 25749,82595 26114,84864 26480,89187

275

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Daily","12/17/2013" Daily","12/17/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","rngc2d.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngc2d.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:40 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Futures Contract 2 (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","RNGC2" "Date","Natural Gas Futures Contract 2 (Dollars per Million Btu)" 34346,2.13 34347,2.072 34348,2.139 34351,2.196 34352,2.131

276

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ar3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ar3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AR3" "Date","Arkansas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

277

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040mo2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040mo2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:38 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Missouri Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MO2" "Date","Missouri Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0 33496,0

278

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Daily","12/17/2013" Daily","12/17/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","rngc4d.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngc4d.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Futures Contract 4 (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","RNGC4" "Date","Natural Gas Futures Contract 4 (Dollars per Million Btu)" 34323,1.894 34324,1.83 34325,1.859 34326,1.895 34330,1.965

279

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9010us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9010us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:55:17 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9010US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)" 26679 26710 26738 26769 26799 26830 26860 26891 26922 26952 26983 27013 27044 27075 27103

280

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ut2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ut2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:45 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Utah Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040UT2" "Date","Utah Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,3000 25019,2906 25384,2802 25749,2852 26114,2926 26480,5506 26845,7664 27210,5259 27575,1806

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ak2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ak2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:06 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alaska Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010AK2" "Date","Alaska Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 32523,1793 32554,2148 32582,1566 32613,1223 32643,858 32674,638

282

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040nd2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040nd2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:39 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: North Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040ND2" "Date","North Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,25795 25019,22050 25384,22955 25749,19862 26114,2686 26480,20786 26845,22533

283

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010al3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010al3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AL3" "Date","Alabama Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

284

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ar3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ar3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:09 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AR3" "Date","Arkansas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

285

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010va2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010va2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:02 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Virginia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010VA2" "Date","Virginia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,41495 25019,43582 25384,46663 25749,49554 26114,49488 26480,55427

286

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040co2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040co2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:33 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Colorado Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040CO2" "Date","Colorado Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,112 35110,77 35139,78 35170,91 35200,100 35231,89 35261,100 35292,106

287

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ga2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ga2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:17 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Georgia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010GA2" "Date","Georgia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,80322 25019,84072 25384,87878 25749,87359 26114,88319 26480,85256 26845,86191

288

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020hi2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020hi2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:33 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Hawaii (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020HI2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Hawaii (MMcf)"

289

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ga2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ga2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:31 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Georgia (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020GA2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Georgia (MMcf)"

290

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ar2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ar2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:14 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Arkansas (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020AR2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Arkansas (MMcf)"

291

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ct2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ct2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:12 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Connecticut Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010CT2" "Date","Connecticut Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,26177 25019,26437 25384,29048 25749,31187 26114,31878 26480,32879

292

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010dc3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010dc3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:14 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: District of Columbia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010DC3" "Date","District of Columbia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

293

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ri3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ri3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:54 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Rhode Island Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010RI3" "Date","Rhode Island Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

294

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010sd3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010sd3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:56 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: South Dakota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010SD3" "Date","South Dakota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

295

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020de2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020de2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:26 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Delaware (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020DE2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Delaware (MMcf)"

296

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010tn3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010tn3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:58 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Tennessee Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010TN3" "Date","Tennessee Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

297

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ny3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ny3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:48 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010NY3" "Date","New York Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

298

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010or2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010or2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:51 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oregon Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010OR2" "Date","Oregon Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,13427 25019,15126 25384,20507 25749,19742 26114,21217 26480,23331 26845,22271

299

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9140us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9140us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:33:47 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9140US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Total Consumption (MMcf)" 36906,2676998 36937,2309464 36965,2246633 36996,1807170 37026,1522382 37057,1444378

300

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Daily","12/17/2013" Daily","12/17/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","rngc1d.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngc1d.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:45 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","RNGC1" "Date","Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)" 34347,2.194 34348,2.268 34351,2.36 34352,2.318 34353,2.252

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010fl3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010fl3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:16 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Florida Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010FL3" "Date","Florida Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

302

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3035us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3035us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:25:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3035US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)" 36906,686540 36937,640026 36965,664918 36996,622054 37026,576532 37057,536820

303

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040fl2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040fl2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:34 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Florida Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040FL2" "Date","Florida Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 26114,355 26480,284 27941,837 28306,607 29402,677 29767,428 30132,435 30497,198 30863,34

304

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ok2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ok2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:50 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oklahoma Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010OK2" "Date","Oklahoma Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,67395 25019,74782 25384,75310 25749,77460 26114,75238 26480,77608

305

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ar2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ar2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:31 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040AR2" "Date","Arkansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,997 25019,895 25384,1326 25749,226 26114,1734 26480,2649 26845,1947 27210,1716 27575,1318

306

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010me3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010me3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:32 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Maine Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010ME3" "Date","Maine Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

307

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3060us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3060us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:27:25 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the U.S. (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3060US2" "Date","Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the U.S. (MMcf)" 36906,2505011 36937,2156873 36965,2086568 36996,1663832

308

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010us2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010us2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:00 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 11139,295700 11504,294406 11870,298520 12235,283197 12600,288236 12965,313498 13331,343346

309

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010in3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010in3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:25 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Indiana Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010IN3" "Date","Indiana Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

310

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9011us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9011us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:55:36 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9011US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (MMcf)" 33253,1482053 33526,1363737 33984,1452098 34015,1305490

311

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020us3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020us3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:23:37 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3020US3" "Date","U.S. Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

312

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010nv3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010nv3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:46 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Nevada Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010NV3" "Date","Nevada Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

313

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9133us3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9133us3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:31 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9133US3" "Date","Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

314

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010sc3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010sc3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:55 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: South Carolina Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010SC3" "Date","South Carolina Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

315

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010vt2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010vt2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:03 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Vermont Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010VT2" "Date","Vermont Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 29402,1301 29767,1290 30132,1278 30497,1252 30863,1352 31228,1456 31593,1595

316

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Weekly","12/13/2013","1/10/1997" Weekly","12/13/2013","1/10/1997" ,"Data 2","Futures Prices",4,"Weekly","12/13/2013","12/24/1993" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_pri_fut_s1_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_fut_s1_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:18 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Spot Price" "Sourcekey","RNGWHHD" "Date","Weekly Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)"

317

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040in2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040in2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:35 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Indiana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9040IN2" "Date","Indiana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0

318

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ga3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ga3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:32 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Georgia Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3020GA3" "Date","Georgia Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

319

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010hi3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010hi3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:20 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Hawaii Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010HI3" "Date","Hawaii Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

320

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ks2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ks2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:26 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kansas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010KS2" "Date","Kansas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,84912 25019,89372 25384,94320 25749,97317 26114,98644 26480,100720 26845,96468

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9100us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9100us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:53:50 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Imports (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9100US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Imports (MMcf)" 26679,92694 26710,83870 26738,91581 26769,88407 26799,85844 26830,79121 26860,79428 26891,84400 26922,81157

322

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ga3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ga3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:18 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Georgia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010GA3" "Date","Georgia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

323

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9133us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9133us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:31 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9133US2" "Date","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports (MMcf)" 35445,5604 35476,5596 35504,5675 35535,5660 35565,3812 35596,3786 35626,3756 35657,7532

324

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9170us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9170us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:33:48 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline & Distribution Use (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9170US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline & Distribution Use (MMcf)" 36906,76386 36937,65770 36965,63626 36996,50736

325

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1504_nus_4a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1504_nus_4a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:46:13 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas % of Total Residential - Sales (%)" "Sourcekey","NA1504_NUS_4" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas % of Total Residential - Sales (%)" 32689,99.9 33054,99.2 33419,99.2 33785,99.1 34150,99.1 34515,99.1

326

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ct3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ct3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:13 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Connecticut Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010CT3" "Date","Connecticut Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

327

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010us3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010us3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:01 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010US3" "Date","U.S. Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

328

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040fl2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040fl2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:34 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Florida Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040FL2" "Date","Florida Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079 35110 35139 35170 35200 35231 35261 35292 35323 35353 35384 35414 35445,0

329

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040mi2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040mi2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:37 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Michigan Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MI2" "Date","Michigan Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,1861 25019,1120 25384,808 25749,809 26480,1032 26845,1117 27210,1268 27575,1612

330

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ar2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ar2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010AR2" "Date","Arkansas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 32523,6774 32554,7118 32582,6736 32613,3835 32643,1927 32674,1402

331

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010la3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010la3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Louisiana Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010LA3" "Date","Louisiana Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

332

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9100us3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9100us3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:53:51 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9100US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 32523,1.72 32554,1.88

333

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ne2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ne2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:40 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Nebraska Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NE2" "Date","Nebraska Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,0 25019,0 25384,0 25749,0 26114,1558 26480,1263 26845,834 27210,2137 27575,1398 27941,797

334

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9020us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9020us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:13 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Repressuring (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9020US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Repressuring (MMcf)" 26679 26710 26738 26769 26799 26830 26860 26891 26922 26952 26983 27013 27044 27075 27103 27134 27164

335

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2010 Annual",2010 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040pa2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040pa2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:43 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Pennsylvania Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040PA2" "Date","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,0 25019,0 25384,0 25749,0 26114,0 26480,0 26845,0 27210,98 27575,96 27941,99

336

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010oh2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010oh2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:48 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Ohio Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010OH2" "Date","Ohio Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,442360 25019,444964 25384,456414 25749,459972 26114,460820 26480,478331 26845,439212

337

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ca2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ca2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:32 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: California Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040CA2" "Date","California Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,3565 25019,2780 25384,3074 25749,2499 26114,575 26845,1999 27210,1560 27575,1537

338

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010us3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010us3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:01 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010US3" "Date","U.S. Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

339

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","11/2013" Monthly","11/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","rngc1m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngc1m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:41 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","RNGC1" "Date","Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)" 34349,2.347 34380,2.355 34408,2.109 34439,2.111 34469,1.941

340

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010az3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010az3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:09 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arizona Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AZ3" "Date","Arizona Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3045us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3045us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:26:13 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3045US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)" 36906,340292 36937,312843 36965,362843

342

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010pa2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010pa2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:52 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Pennsylvania Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010PA2" "Date","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,279817 25019,285978 25384,295027 25749,297022 26114,304327

343

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Bcf)" Bcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Dry Natural Gas Production (Bcf)",1,"Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9070us1m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9070us1m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:33:14 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Dry Natural Gas Production (Bcf)"

344

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1504_nus_4m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1504_nus_4m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:46:14 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas % of Total Residential - Sales (%)" "Sourcekey","NA1504_NUS_4" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas % of Total Residential - Sales (%)" 37271,98.3 37302,98.5 37330,98.4 37361,98.1

345

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n5050us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n5050us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:29:09 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Total Natural Gas Injections into Underground Storage (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5050US2" "Date","U.S. Total Natural Gas Injections into Underground Storage (MMcf)" 26679 26710 26738 26769 26799

346

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010hi2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010hi2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:19 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Hawaii Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010HI2" "Date","Hawaii Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 29402,1416 29767,1289 30132,1197 30497,1121 30863,1048 31228,625 31593,579 31958,591

347

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010tx2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010tx2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:59 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Texas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010TX2" "Date","Texas Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,201407 25019,211763 25384,220728 25749,232189 26114,237387 26480,240662

348

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040nd2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040nd2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:40 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: North Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040ND2" "Date","North Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,232 35110,193 35139,232 35170,176 35200,230 35231,258 35261,269

349

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010de3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010de3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:15 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Delaware Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010DE3" "Date","Delaware Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

350

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020fl2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020fl2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Florida (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020FL2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Florida (MMcf)"

351

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ct2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ct2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Connecticut (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020CT2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Connecticut (MMcf)"

352

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020az2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020az2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:17 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Arizona (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020AZ2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Arizona (MMcf)"

353

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ca2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ca2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:19 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in California (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020CA2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in California (MMcf)"

354

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020dc2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020dc2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:24 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in the District of Columbia (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020DC2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in the District of Columbia (MMcf)"

355

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020co2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020co2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:21 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Colorado (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020CO2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Colorado (MMcf)"

356

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010md2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010md2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:30 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Maryland Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010MD2" "Date","Maryland Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,77130 25019,79015 25384,84406 25749,86811 26114,87617 26480,89042

357

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040or2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040or2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:43 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oregon Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040OR2" "Date","Oregon Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079 35110 35139 35170 35200 35231 35261 35292 35323 35353 35384 35414 35445,0

358

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010wv3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010wv3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010WV3" "Date","West Virginia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

359

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010la2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010la2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:28 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Louisiana Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010LA2" "Date","Louisiana Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,74386 25019,77762 25384,82965 25749,86148 26114,79893 26480,82847

360

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010al3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010al3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010AL3" "Date","Alabama Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010nm3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010nm3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:45 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010NM3" "Date","New Mexico Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

362

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010id2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010id2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:22 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Idaho Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010ID2" "Date","Idaho Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,6179 25019,6545 25384,6980 25749,7711 26114,8455 26480,10887 26845,9947 27210,9652

363

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010wa2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010wa2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:05 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Washington Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010WA2" "Date","Washington Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,23160 25019,26342 25384,30479 25749,31929 26114,33934 26480,38631

364

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ok2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ok2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:42 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oklahoma Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040OK2" "Date","Oklahoma Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079 35110 35139 35170 35200 35231 35261 35292 35323 35353 35384 35414 35445,0

365

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9132us3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9132us3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:27 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9132US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 35445,4.08

366

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040nm2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040nm2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:40 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NM2" "Date","New Mexico Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,5992 25019,5987 25384,4058 25749,2909 26114,2823 26480,5696 26845,3791 27210,1227

367

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040sd2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040sd2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:43 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: South Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040SD2" "Date","South Dakota Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,0 25019,0 25384,0 25749,0 26114,0 26480,0 26845,0 27210,0 27575,4 27941,5

368

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040co2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040co2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:33 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Colorado Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040CO2" "Date","Colorado Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,2656 25019,1514 25384,1326 25749,7126 26114,2843 26480,4758 26845,3008 27210,2957

369

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3035us4a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3035us4a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:25:09 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)" "Sourcekey","N3035US4" "Date","Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)"

370

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ny2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ny2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:41 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NY2" "Date","New York Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,1 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0 33496,0

371

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ma2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ma2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Massachusetts Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010MA2" "Date","Massachusetts Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,73471 25019,74919 25384,78451 25749,82646 26114,83434 26480,86171

372

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040mt2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040mt2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:39 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Montana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MT2" "Date","Montana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,32 35110,38 35139,34 35170,40 35200,43 35231,27 35261,63 35292,59 35323,60

373

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040us2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040us2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:45 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 13331,392528 13696,526159 14061,649106 14426,677311 14792,655967 15157,630212 15522,626782 15887,684115

374

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040mi2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040mi2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:38 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Michigan Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MI2" "Date","Michigan Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,277 35110,277 35139,277 35170,277 35200,277 35231,277 35261,277

375

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1997" Annual",2012,"6/30/1997" ,"Data 2","Futures Prices",4,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1993" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_pri_fut_s1_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_fut_s1_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:13 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Spot Price" "Sourcekey","RNGWHHD","NGM_EPG0_PLC_NUS_DMMBTU" "Date","Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)","U.S. Natural Gas Liquid Composite Price (Dollars per Million Btu)"

376

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9012us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9012us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:55:55 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9012US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (MMcf)" 33253,475614 33526,500196 33984,513068 34015,462218

377

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ne2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ne2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:40 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Nebraska Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NE2" "Date","Nebraska Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0 33496,0

378

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040pa2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040pa2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:43 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Pennsylvania Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040PA2" "Date","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0

379

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9050us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9050us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:57:04 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9050US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)" 26679,1948000 26710,1962000 26738,1907000 26769,1814000 26799,1898000 26830,1839000

380

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbbl_a.xls" mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_crd_crpdn_adc_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/27/2013 9:07:23 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Crude Oil Production" "Sourcekey","MCRFPUS1","MCRFPP11","MCRFPFL1","MCRFPNY1","MCRFPPA1","MCRFPVA1","MCRFPWV1","MCRFPP21","MCRFPIL1","MCRFPIN1","MCRFPKS1","MCRFPKY1","MCRFP_SMI_1","MCRFPMO1","MCRFPNE1","MCRFPND1","MCRFPOH1","MCRFPOK1","MCRFPSD1","MCRFPTN1","MCRFPP31","MCRFPAL1","MCRFPAR1","MCRFPLA1","MCRFPMS1","MCRFPNM1","MCRFPTX1","MCRFP3FM1","MCRFPP41","MCRFPCO1","MCRFPMT1","MCRFPUT1","MCRFPWY1","MCRFPP51","MCRFPAK1","MCRFPAKS1","MANFPAK1","MCRFPAZ1","MCRFPCA1","MCRFPNV1","MCRFP5F1"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020al2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020al2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:11 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Alabama (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020AL2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Alabama (MMcf)"

382

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9100us3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9100us3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:53:51 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9100US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 31228,3.21 31593,2.43 31958,1.95 32324,1.84

383

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","rngc1a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngc1a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:41 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)" "Sourcekey","RNGC1" "Date","Natural Gas Futures Contract 1 (Dollars per Million Btu)" 34515,1.934 34880,1.692 35246,2.502 35611,2.475 35976,2.156 36341,2.319

384

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9130us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9130us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:23 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Exports (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9130US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Exports (MMcf)" 26679,5808 26710,6079 26738,4021 26769,8017 26799,8741 26830,4131 26860,5744 26891,8726 26922,6403 26952,5473

385

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ks3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ks3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:26 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kansas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010KS3" "Date","Kansas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

386

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ca2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ca2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:33 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: California Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040CA2" "Date","California Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,97 35110,103 35139,109 35170,107 35200,107 35231,104 35261,108

387

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9103us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9103us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:54:17 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9103US2" "Date","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (MMcf)" 35445,9977 35476,7667 35504,2530 35535,2557 35565,5007 35596,5059 35626,5026 35657,7535

388

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040mt2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040mt2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:39 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Montana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MT2" "Date","Montana Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,5022 25019,12551 25384,26458 25749,5203 26114,4917 26480,4222 26845,3691 27210,3901

389

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040tx2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040tx2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:44 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Texas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040TX2" "Date","Texas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,2478 33284,2147 33312,2113 33343,2353 33373,3203 33404,2833 33434,3175

390

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9130us3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9130us3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:24 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9130US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 31228,4.77 31593,2.81 31958,3.07 32324,2.74

391

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ny2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ny2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:41 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040NY2" "Date","New York Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,0 25019,0 25384,0 25749,0 26114,0 26480,0 26845,0 27210,0 27575,0 27941,0 28306,0 28671,0

392

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ks2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ks2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:35 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040KS2" "Date","Kansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,2630 25019,2529 25384,2666 25749,2713 26114,2669 26480,2681 26845,2377 27210,889 27575,846

393

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ar2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ar2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:32 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040AR2" "Date","Arkansas Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,23 33284,13 33312,12 33343,7 33373,13 33404,28 33434,28 33465,30

394

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010de2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010de2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:15 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Delaware Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010DE2" "Date","Delaware Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,6844 25019,7068 25384,7475 25749,7843 26114,8172 26480,8358 26845,7514

395

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbblpd_a.xls" mbblpd_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_crd_crpdn_adc_mbblpd_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/27/2013 9:07:25 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Crude Oil Production" "Sourcekey","MCRFPUS2","MCRFPP12","MCRFPFL2","MCRFPNY2","MCRFPPA2","MCRFPVA2","MCRFPWV2","MCRFPP22","MCRFPIL2","MCRFPIN2","MCRFPKS2","MCRFPKY2","MCRFP_SMI_2","MCRFPMO2","MCRFPNE2","MCRFPND2","MCRFPOH2","MCRFPOK2","MCRFPSD2","MCRFPTN2","MCRFPP32","MCRFPAL2","MCRFPAR2","MCRFPLA2","MCRFPMS2","MCRFPNM2","MCRFPTX2","MCRFP3FM2","MCRFPP42","MCRFPCO2","MCRFPMT2","MCRFPUT2","MCRFPWY2","MCRFPP52","MCRFPAK2","MCRFPAKS2","MANFPAK2","MCRFPAZ2","MCRFPCA2","MCRFPNV2","MCRFP5F2"

396

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ngm_epg0_fgc_sky_mmcfm.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/ngm_epg0_fgc_sky_mmcfm.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:59:11 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (MMcf) " "Sourcekey","NGM_EPG0_FGC_SKY_MMCF" "Date","Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (MMcf) "

397

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020hi3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020hi3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:34 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Hawaii Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3020HI3" "Date","Hawaii Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

398

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

poe2_dcu_nus-z00_a.xls" poe2_dcu_nus-z00_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_move_poe2_dcu_nus-z00_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 6:58:44 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Total Exports " "Sourcekey","N9132US2","N9132US3","N9133US2","N9133US3" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (MMcf)","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports (MMcf)","Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

399

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040ms2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040ms2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:38 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Mississippi Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040MS2" "Date","Mississippi Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 24653,7098 25019,5910 25384,8097 25749,7233 26114,5090 26480,3672 26845,10767 27210,10787

400

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ok3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ok3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:50 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oklahoma Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010OK3" "Date","Oklahoma Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010nd3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010nd3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:40 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: North Dakota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010ND3" "Date","North Dakota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

402

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040or2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040or2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:42 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oregon Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040OR2" "Date","Oregon Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35246 35611,0 35976,0 36341,0 36707,0 37072,0 37437,0 37802,0 38168,0 38533,0 38898,0 39263,0

403

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ky2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ky2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:27 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Kentucky Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010KY2" "Date","Kentucky Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,69542 25019,75824 25384,83815 25749,86473 26114,84197 26480,85881

404

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9160us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9160us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:33:48 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9160US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption (MMcf)" 29235,93000 29266,87000 29295,93000 29326,85000

405

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9030us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9030us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:28 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed from Natural Gas (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9030US2" "Date","U.S. Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed from Natural Gas (MMcf)" 26679 26710 26738 26769 26799 26830 26860 26891

406

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010mi3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010mi3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:33 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Michigan Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010MI3" "Date","Michigan Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

407

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9070us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9070us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:57:08 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Dry Natural Gas Production (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9070US2" "Date","U.S. Dry Natural Gas Production (MMcf)" 35445,1617923 35476,1465907 35504,1627602 35535,1551268 35565,1610527 35596,1525325

408

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9102us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9102us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:53:55 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9102US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports (MMcf)" 35445,268310 35476,232878 35504,254455 35535,235621 35565,236725 35596,227059 35626,230567

409

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010wy2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010wy2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wyoming Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010WY2" "Date","Wyoming Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,11939 25019,12592 25384,16592 25749,17984 26114,19463 26480,22242 26845,13868

410

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ak2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ak2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:09 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Alaska (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020AK2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Alaska (MMcf)"

411

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:00 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 26679,843900 26710,747331 26738,648504 26769,465867 26799,326313

412

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010mt2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010mt2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:38 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Montana Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010MT2" "Date","Montana Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 24653,19756 25019,19711 25384,21463 25749,24794 26114,25379 26480,23787 26845,24923

413

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9103us3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9103us3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 3:54:18 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Natural Gas LNG Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9103US3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas LNG Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 35445,3 35476,3

414

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9132us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9132us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/13/2013 2:23:27 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9132US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (MMcf)" 35445,6424 35476,6846 35504,10601 35535,8211 35565,6284 35596,5741 35626,6380 35657,10101

415

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3035us4m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3035us4m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:25:10 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)" "Sourcekey","N3035US4" "Date","Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)"

416

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010wi3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010wi3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:06 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Wisconsin Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010WI3" "Date","Wisconsin Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

417

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040al2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040al2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:31 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040AL2" "Date","Alabama Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 35079,194 35110,200 35139,140 35170,132 35200,106 35231,82 35261,205 35292,152

418

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040wv2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040wv2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:46 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Virginia Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040WV2" "Date","West Virginia Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 33253,0 33284,0 33312,0 33343,0 33373,0 33404,0 33434,0 33465,0

419

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1993" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1993" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_pct_dc_nus_pct_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_pct_dc_nus_pct_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:23:48 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery Yield" "Sourcekey","MLRRYUS3","MGFRYUS3","MGARYUS3","MKJRYUS3","MKERYUS3","MDIRYUS3","MRERYUS3","MNFRYUS3","MOTRYUS3","MNSRYUS3","MLURYUS3","MWXRYUS3","MCKRYUS3","MAPRYUS3","MSGRYUS3","MMSRYUS3","MPGRYUS3"

420

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:23:36 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in the U.S. (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3020US2" "Date","Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in the U.S. (MMcf)"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040us2m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040us2m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:45 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040US2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 26679 26710 26738 26769 26799 26830 26860 26891 26922 26952 26983 27013 27044 27075 27103

422

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","11/2013","1/15/1997" Monthly","11/2013","1/15/1997" ,"Data 2","Futures Prices",4,"Monthly","11/2013","12/15/1993" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_pri_fut_s1_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_fut_s1_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 12:22:17 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Spot Price" "Sourcekey","RNGWHHD","NGM_EPG0_PLC_NUS_DMMBTU"

423

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010pa3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010pa3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:52 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Pennsylvania Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010PA3" "Date","Pennsylvania Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

424

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010ut3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010ut3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:02 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Utah Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010UT3" "Date","Utah Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

425

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010dc2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010dc2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:13 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: District of Columbia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010DC2" "Date","District of Columbia Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" 29402,13730 29767,13686 30132,13041 30497,13007

426

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010tx3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010tx3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:00 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Texas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010TX3" "Date","Texas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

427

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1993" Annual",2012,"6/30/1993" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_skn_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_skn_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:41:29 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Processing Plant " "Sourcekey","MAOSNUS1","MPPSNUS1","MLPSNUS1","METSNUS1","MPRSNUS1","MBNSNUS1","MBISNUS1"

428

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9040az2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9040az2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:56:32 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arizona Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9040AZ2" "Date","Arizona Natural Gas Vented and Flared (MMcf)" 26114,347 26480,367 26845,277 27210,26 27575,47 27941,32 29036,101 29402,143 29767,106 30132,162

429

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020ca3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020ca3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:20 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: California Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3020CA3" "Date","California Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

430

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3010oh3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3010oh3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:21:49 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Ohio Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3010OH3" "Date","Ohio Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

431

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3020fl3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3020fl3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:22:30 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Florida Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3020FL3" "Date","Florida Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

432

Emergency Operations Table of Contents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table of Contents..................................................................................................... ii

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Structural changes in switchgrass lignin and hemicelluloses during pretreatments by NMR analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

changes changes in switchgrass lignin and hemicelluloses during pretreatments by NMR analysis Reichel Samuel a, c , Marcus Foston a, c , Nan Jiang a, c , Lenong Allison a, c , Arthur J. Ragauskas a, b, c, * a School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA b Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA c BioEnergy Science Center, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 14 May 2011 Received in revised form 13 August 2011 Accepted 25 August 2011 Available online xxx Keywords: Switchgrass Pretreatment HSQC NMR analysis Lignin a b s t r a c t Switchgrass is currently being developed as a sustainable bio-energy crop due to its broad adaptability, high mass yield and low agricultural input. Its current conversion to biofuels is detrimentally impacted by its native recalcitrance which is typically addressed using

434

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

capwork_a_(na)_8sw0_mbbl_a.xls" capwork_a_(na)_8sw0_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_capwork_a_(na)_8sw0_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"6/20/2013 4:20:16 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Total " "Sourcekey","8_NA_8SW0_NUS_MBBL","8_NA_8SW0_R10_MBBL","8_NA_8SW0_R20_MBBL","8_NA_8SW0_R30_MBBL","8_NA_8SW0_R40_MBBL","8_NA_8SW0_R50_MBBL" "Date","U.S. Refinery Working Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","East Coast (PADD 1) Refinery Working Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","Midwest (PADD 2) Refinery Working Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Refinery Working Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Refinery Working Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","West Coast (PADD 5) Refinery Working Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)"

435

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbblpd_m.xls" mbblpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_psup_dc_nus_mbblpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 7:26:11 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Product Supplied for Crude Oil and Petroleum Products" "Sourcekey","MTTUPUS2","MCRUPUS2","MNGUPUS2","MPPUPUS2","MLPUPUS2","METUPUS2","MPRUPUS2","MBNUPUS2","MBIUPUS2","MOLUPUS2","MOHUPUS2","MUOUPUS2","MBCUPUS2","MO1UP_NUS_2","MO5UP_NUS_2","MBAUPUS2","MTPUPUS2","MGFUPUS2","MGRUPUS2","MG4UP_NUS_2","MGAUPUS2","MKJUPUS2","MKEUPUS2","MDIUPUS2","MD0UP_NUS_2","MD1UP_NUS_2","MDGUPUS2","MREUPUS2","MPCUP_NUS_2","MNFUPUS2","MOTUPUS2","MNSUPUS2","MLUUPUS2","MWXUPUS2","MCKUPUS2","MCMUP_NUS_2","MCOUP_NUS_2","MAPUPUS2","MSGUPUS2","MMSUPUS2"

436

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

capshell_a_(na)_8ss0_mbbl_a.xls" capshell_a_(na)_8ss0_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_capshell_a_(na)_8ss0_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"6/20/2013 4:17:24 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Total " "Sourcekey","8_NA_8SS0_NUS_MBBL","8_NA_8SS0_R10_MBBL","8_NA_8SS0_R20_MBBL","8_NA_8SS0_R30_MBBL","8_NA_8SS0_R40_MBBL","8_NA_8SS0_R50_MBBL" "Date","U.S. Refinery Shell Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","East Coast (PADD 1) Refinery Shell Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","Midwest (PADD 2) Refinery Shell Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Refinery Shell Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Refinery Shell Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)","West Coast (PADD 5) Refinery Shell Storage Capacity as of January 1 (Thousand Barrels)"

437

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1936" Annual",2012,"6/30/1936" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_refp_dc_nus_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_refp_dc_nus_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:25:40 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery and Blender Net Production" "Sourcekey","MTTRPUS1","MLPRPUS1","METRPUS1","MENRPUS1","MEYRPUS1","MPRRPUS1","MPARP_NUS_1","MPLRPUS1","MBNRPUS1","MBURPUS1","MBYRPUS1","MBIRPUS1","MIIRPUS1","MIYRPUS1","MGFRPUS1","MGRRPUS1","MG1RP_NUS_1","M_EPM0RO_YPR_NUS_MBBL","MG4RP_NUS_1","MG5RP_NUS_1","M_EPM0CAL55_YPR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPM0CAG55_YPR_NUS_MBBL","MG6RP_NUS_1","MGARPUS1","MKJRPUS1","MKERPUS1","MDIRPUS1","MD0RP_NUS_1","MD1RP_NUS_1","MDGRPUS1","MRERPUS1","MRLRPUS1","MRMRPUS1","MRGRPUS1","MPCRPUS1","MNFRPUS1","MOTRPUS1","MNSRPUS1","MLURPUS1","MWXRPUS1","MCKRPUS1","MCMRPUS1","MCORPUS1","MAPRPUS1","MSGRPUS1","MMSRPUS1","MPGRPUS1"

438

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_inpt_dc_nus_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_inpt_dc_nus_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:19:29 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery & Blender Net Input" "Sourcekey","MTTRIUS1","MCRRIUS1","MNGRIUS1","MPPRIUS1","MLPRIUS1","METRIUS1","MBNRIUS1","MBIRIUS1","MOLRIUS1","MOHRIUS1","M_EPOOOH_YIR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOOXXFE_YIR_NUS_MBBL","MMTRIUS1","MOORIUS1","M_EPOOR_YIR_NUS_MBBL","MFERIUS1","M_EPOORD_YIR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOORO_YIR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOOOXH_YIR_NUS_MBBL","MUORIUS1","MNLRI_NUS_1","MKORI_NUS_1","MH1RI_NUS_1","MRURI_NUS_1","MBCRIUS1","MO1RI_NUS_1","M_EPOBGRR_YIR_NUS_MBBL","MO3RI_NUS_1","MO4RI_NUS_1","MO2RI_NUS_1","MO5RI_NUS_1","MO6RI_NUS_1","MO7RI_NUS_1","MO9RI_NUS_1","MBARIUS1"

439

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1936" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1936" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_refp_dc_nus_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_refp_dc_nus_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:25:41 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery and Blender Net Production" "Sourcekey","MTTRPUS1","MLPRPUS1","METRPUS1","MENRPUS1","MEYRPUS1","MPRRPUS1","MPARP_NUS_1","MPLRPUS1","MBNRPUS1","MBURPUS1","MBYRPUS1","MBIRPUS1","MIIRPUS1","MIYRPUS1","MGFRPUS1","MGRRPUS1","MG1RP_NUS_1","M_EPM0RO_YPR_NUS_MBBL","MG4RP_NUS_1","MG5RP_NUS_1","M_EPM0CAL55_YPR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPM0CAG55_YPR_NUS_MBBL","MG6RP_NUS_1","MGARPUS1","MKJRPUS1","MKERPUS1","MDIRPUS1","MD0RP_NUS_1","MD1RP_NUS_1","MDGRPUS1","MRERPUS1","MRLRPUS1","MRMRPUS1","MRGRPUS1","MPCRPUS1","MNFRPUS1","MOTRPUS1","MNSRPUS1","MLURPUS1","MWXRPUS1","MCKRPUS1","MCMRPUS1","MCORPUS1","MAPRPUS1","MSGRPUS1","MMSRPUS1","MPGRPUS1"

440

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbbl_m.xls" mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_exp_dc_nus-z00_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 7:27:47 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products" "Sourcekey","MTTEXUS1","MCREXUS1","MNGEXUS1","MPPEXUS1","MLPEXUS1","METEXUS1","MPREXUS1","MBNEXUS1","MBIEXUS1","MOLEXUS1","MOHEXUS1","M_EPOOXXFE_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MMTEX_NUS-Z00_1","MOOEX_NUS-Z00_1","M_EPOOR_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOOXE_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOORDB_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MBCEXUS1","MO1EX_NUS-Z00_1","MO5EX_NUS-Z00_1","MBAEXUS1","MTPEXUS1","MGFEXUS1","MGREXUS1","MG4EX_NUS-Z00_1","MGAEXUS1","MKJEXUS1","MKEEXUS1","MDIEXUS1","M_EPDXL0_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MD1EX_NUS-Z00_1","MDGEXUS1","MREEXUS1","MNFEXUS1","MOTEXUS1","MNSEXUS1","MLUEXUS1","MWXEXUS1","MCKEXUS1","MAPEXUS1","MMSEXUS1"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1997" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1997" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_sum_lsum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_sum_lsum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:41:46 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Dry Production (Annual Supply & Disposition) " "Sourcekey","N9070US2","NA1160_R3FM_2","NA1160_SAL_2","NA1160_SAK_2","NA1160_SAZ_2","NA1160_SAR_2","NA1160_SCA_2","NA1160_SCO_2","NA1160_SFL_2","NA1160_SIL_2","NA1160_SIN_2","NA1160_SKS_2","NA1160_SKY_2","NA1160_SLA_2","NA1160_SMD_2","NA1160_SMI_2","NA1160_SMS_2","NA1160_SMO_2","NA1160_SMT_2","NA1160_SNE_2","NA1160_SNV_2","NA1160_SNM_2","NA1160_SNY_2","NA1160_SND_2","NA1160_SOH_2","NA1160_SOK_2","NA1160_SOR_2","NA1160_SPA_2","NA1160_SSD_2","NA1160_STN_2","NA1160_STX_2","NA1160_SUT_2","NA1160_SVA_2","NA1160_SWV_2","NA1160_SWY_2"

442

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1930" Annual",2012,"6/30/1930" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_sum_snd_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_sum_snd_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 7:08:03 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Dry Production (Annual Supply & Disposition) " "Sourcekey","N9070US2","NA1160_SAL_2","NA1160_SAK_2","NA1160_SAZ_2","NA1160_SAR_2","NA1160_SCA_2","NA1160_SCO_2","NA1160_SFL_2","NA1160_R3FM_2","NA1160_SIL_2","NA1160_SIN_2","NA1160_SKS_2","NA1160_SKY_2","NA1160_SLA_2","NA1160_SMD_2","NA1160_SMI_2","NA1160_SMS_2","NA1160_SMO_2","NA1160_SMT_2","NA1160_SNE_2","NA1160_SNV_2","NA1160_SNM_2","NA1160_SNY_2","NA1160_SND_2","NA1160_SOH_2","NA1160_SOK_2","NA1160_SOR_2","NA1160_SPA_2","NA1160_SSD_2","NA1160_STN_2","NA1160_STX_2","NA1160_SUT_2","NA1160_SVA_2","NA1160_SWV_2","NA1160_SWY_2"

443

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbblpd_m.xls" mbblpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_exp_dc_nus-z00_mbblpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 7:27:48 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products" "Sourcekey","MTTEXUS2","MCREXUS2","MNGEXUS2","MPPEXUS2","MLPEXUS2","METEXUS2","MPREXUS2","MBNEXUS2","MBIEXUS2","MOLEXUS2","MOHEXUS2","M_EPOOXXFE_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","MMTEX_NUS-Z00_2","MOOEX_NUS-Z00_2","M_EPOOR_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","M_EPOOXE_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","M_EPOORDB_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","MBCEXUS2","MO1EX_NUS-Z00_2","MO5EX_NUS-Z00_2","MBAEXUS2","MTPEXUS2","MGFEXUS2","MGREXUS2","MG4EX_NUS-Z00_2","MGAEXUS2","MKJEXUS2","MKEEXUS2","MDIEXUS2","M_EPDXL0_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","MD1EX_NUS-Z00_2","MDGEXUS2","MREEXUS2","MNFEXUS2","MOTEXUS2","MNSEXUS2","MLUEXUS2","MWXEXUS2","MCKEXUS2","MAPEXUS2","MMSEXUS2"

444

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbbl_m.xls" mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_psup_dc_nus_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 7:26:09 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Product Supplied for Crude Oil and Petroleum Products" "Sourcekey","MTTUPUS1","MCRUPUS1","MNGUPUS1","MPPUPUS1","MLPUPUS1","METUPUS1","MPRUPUS1","MBNUPUS1","MBIUPUS1","MOLUPUS1","MOHUPUS1","MUOUPUS1","MBCUPUS1","MO1UP_NUS_1","MO5UP_NUS_1","MBAUPUS1","MTPUPUS1","MGFUPUS1","MGRUPUS1","MG4UP_NUS_1","MGAUPUS1","MKJUPUS1","MKEUPUS1","MDIUPUS1","MD0UP_NUS_1","MD1UP_NUS_1","MDGUPUS1","MREUPUS1","MPCUP_NUS_1","MNFUPUS1","MOTUPUS1","MNSUPUS1","MLUUPUS1","MWXUPUS1","MCKUPUS1","MCMUP_NUS_1","MCOUP_NUS_1","MAPUPUS1","MSGUPUS1","MMSUPUS1"

445

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1985" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1985" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_unc_dcu_nus_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_unc_dcu_nus_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:30:03 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery Utilization and Capacity" "Sourcekey","MGIRIUS2","MOCLEUS2","MOCGGUS2","MOCIDUS2","MOPUEUS2" "Date","U.S. Gross Inputs to Refineries (Thousand Barrels Per Day)","U. S. Operable Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Thousand Barrels per Calendar Day)","U. S. Operating Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U. S. Idle Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U.S. Percent Utilization of Refinery Operable Capacity"

446

Differential Expression in Phanerochaete chrysosporium of Membrane-Associated Proteins Relevant to Lignin Degradation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fungal lignin-degrading systems must include membrane-associated proteins that participate in diverse processes such as uptake and oxidation of lignin fragments, secretion of ligninolytic secondary metabolites, and defense of the mycelium against ligninolytic oxidants. Despite their importance, little is known about the nature or regulation of these membrane-associated components. We grew the white rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium on cellulose or glucose as the carbon source and monitored the mineralization of a 14C-labeled synthetic lignin by these cultures to assess their ligninolytic competence. The results showed that the cellulose-grown cultures were ligninolytic, whereas the glucose-grown ones were not. We isolated microsomal membrane fractions from both types of culture and analyzed tryptic digests of them by shotgun liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Comparison of the results against the predicted P. chrysosporium proteome showed that a catalase (Joint Genome Institute P. chrysosporium protein I.D. 124398), an alcohol oxidase (126879), two transporters (137220 and 132234), and two cytochrome P450s (5011 and 8912) were up-regulated under ligninolytic conditions. Real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assays showed that RNA transcripts encoding all of these proteins were also up-regulated in ligninolytic cultures. Catalase 124398, alcohol oxidase 126879, and transporter 137220 were found in a proteomic analysis of partially purified plasma membranes from ligninolytic P. chrysosporium, and are therefore most likely associated with the outer envelope of the fungus.

Shary, Semarjit; Kapich, Alexander N.; Panisko, Ellen A.; Magnuson, Jon K.; Cullen, Dan; Hammel, Ken

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

447

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

65,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1956" 65,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1956" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_sum_snd_a_ep00_mbbl_m_cur.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_sum_snd_a_ep00_mbbl_m_cur.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/27/2013 6:57:53 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Supply and Disposition" "Sourcekey","MTTFPUS1","M_EP00_YNP_NUS_MBBL","MTTRPUS1","MTTIMUS1","MTTUA_NUS_1","MTTSCUS1","MTTRIUS1","MTTEXUS1","MTTUPUS1","MTTSTUS1","MTTFPP11","M_EP00_YNP_R10_MBBL","MTTRPP11","MTTIMP11","MTTNRP11","MTTUA_R10_1","MTTSCP11","MTTRIP11","MTTEXP11","MTTUPP11","MTTSTP11","MTTFPP21","M_EP00_YNP_R20_MBBL","MTTRPP21","MTTIMP21","MTTNRP21","MTTUA_R20_1","MTTSCP21","MTTRIP21","MTTEXP21","MTTUPP21","MTTSTP21","MTTFPP31","M_EP00_YNP_R30_MBBL","MTTRPP31","MTTIMP31","MTTNRP31","MTTUA_R30_1","MTTSCP31","MTTRIP31","MTTEXP31","MTTUPP31","MTTSTP31","MTTFPP41","M_EP00_YNP_R40_MBBL","MTTRPP41","MTTIMP41","MTTNRP41","MTTUA_R40_1","MTTSCP41","MTTRIP41","MTTEXP41","MTTUPP41","MTTSTP41","MTTFPP51","M_EP00_YNP_R50_MBBL","MTTRPP51","MTTIMP51","MTTNRP51","MTTUA_R50_1","MTTSCP51","MTTRIP51","MTTEXP51","MTTUPP51","MTTSTP51"

448

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

59,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1963" 59,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1963" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_sum_snd_a_ep00_mbblpd_m_cur.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_sum_snd_a_ep00_mbblpd_m_cur.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/27/2013 6:57:55 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Supply and Disposition" "Sourcekey","MTTFPUS2","M_EP00_YNP_NUS_MBBLD","MTTRPUS2","MTTIMUS2","MTTUA_NUS_2","MTTSCUS2","MTTRIUS2","MTTEXUS2","MTTUPUS2","MTTFPP12","M_EP00_YNP_R10_MBBLD","MTTRPP12","MTTIMP12","MTTNRP12","MTTUA_R10_2","MTTSCP12","MTTRIP12","MTTEXP12","MTTUPP12","MTTFPP22","M_EP00_YNP_R20_MBBLD","MTTRPP22","MTTIMP22","MTTNRP22","MTTUA_R20_2","MTTSCP22","MTTRIP22","MTTEXP22","MTTUPP22","MTTFPP32","M_EP00_YNP_R30_MBBLD","MTTRPP32","MTTIMP32","MTTNRP32","MTTUA_R30_2","MTTSCP32","MTTRIP32","MTTEXP32","MTTUPP32","MTTFPP42","M_EP00_YNP_R40_MBBLD","MTTRPP42","MTTIMP42","MTTNRP42","MTTUA_R40_2","MTTSCP42","MTTRIP42","MTTEXP42","MTTUPP42","MTTFPP52","M_EP00_YNP_R50_MBBLD","MTTRPP52","MTTIMP52","MTTNRP52","MTTUA_R50_2","MTTSCP52","MTTRIP52","MTTEXP52","MTTUPP52"

449

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1989" 2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1989" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_move_poe2_a_epg0_pnp_dpmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_move_poe2_a_epg0_pnp_dpmcf_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 6:58:32 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit " "Sourcekey","N9132US3","N9132CN3","NA1287_YEPRT-NCA_3","NGA_EPG0_PNP_YCAL-NCA_DMCF","NA1287_YDTW-NCA_3","NA1287_YMARY-NCA_3","NA1287_YSSM-NCA_3","NA1287_YCHRE-NCA_3","NA1287_YNOYS-NCA_3","NA1287_YBAB-NCA_3","NA1287_YHVR-NCA_3","NGA_EPG0_PNP_YPITT-NCA_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNP_YGRIS-NCA_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNP_YMSS-NCA_DMCF","NA1287_YUSNI-NCA_3","NGM_EPG0_PNP_YWADD-NCA_DMCF","NA1287_YSUMS-NCA_3","N9132MX3","NA1287_YDUG-NMX_3","NA_EPG0_PNP_YNOGS-NMX_DMCF","NA1287_YCAX-NMX_3","NA1287_YOESA-NMX_3","NA1287_YALA-NMX_3","NA1287_YCLI-NMX_3","NA_EPG0_PNP_YDRT-NMX_DMCF","NA1287_YEGP-NMX_3","NA1287_YELP-NMX_3","NA1287_YHDGO-NMX_3","NA1287_YMFE-NMX_3","NA1287_YPENI-NMX_3","NA1287_Y44RB-NMX_3","NA1287_Y44RM-NMX_3"

450

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1989" Annual",2012,"6/30/1989" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 7:00:26 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included in Prices " "Sourcekey","NA1504_NUS_4","NA1504_SAL_4","NA1504_SAK_4","NA1504_SAZ_4","NA1504_SAR_4","NA1504_SCA_4","NA1504_SCO_4","NA1504_SCT_4","NA1504_SDE_4","NA1504_SDC_4","NA1504_SFL_4","NA1504_SGA_4","NA1504_SHI_4","NA1504_SID_4","NA1504_SIL_4","NA1504_SIN_4","NA1504_SIA_4","NA1504_SKS_4","NA1504_SKY_4","NA1504_SLA_4","NA1504_SME_4","NA1504_SMD_4","NA1504_SMA_4","NA1504_SMI_4","NA1504_SMN_4","NA1504_SMS_4","NA1504_SMO_4","NA1504_SMT_4","NA1504_SNE_4","NA1504_SNV_4","NA1504_SNH_4","NA1504_SNJ_4","NA1504_SNM_4","NA1504_SNY_4","NA1504_SNC_4","NA1504_SND_4","NA1504_SOH_4","NA1504_SOK_4","NA1504_SOR_4","NA1504_SPA_4","NA1504_SRI_4","NA1504_SSC_4","NA1504_SSD_4","NA1504_STN_4","NA1504_STX_4","NA1504_SUT_4","NA1504_SVT_4","NA1504_SVA_4","NA1504_SWA_4","NA1504_SWV_4","NA1504_SWI_4","NA1504_SWY_4"

451

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_pipe_dc_r20-r10_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_pipe_dc_r20-r10_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:11:26 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: From PADD 1 to PADD 2 Movements by Pipeline" "Sourcekey","MTTMPP2P11","MCRMPP2P11","MPEMPP2P11","MPPMP_R20-R10_1","MLPMPP2P11","MBCMPP2P11","MO5MP_R20-R10_1","MO6MP_R20-R10_1","MO7MP_R20-R10_1","MO9MP_R20-R10_1","M_EPOOR_LMV_R20-R10_MBBL","M_EPOORD_LMV_R20-R10_MBBL","MGFMPP2P11","MGRMPP2P11","MG4MP_R20-R10_1","MG6MP_R20-R10_1","MKJMPP2P11","MKEMPP2P11","MDIMPP2P11","MD0MP_R20-R10_1","MD1MP_R20-R10_1","MDGMPP2P11"

452

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1913" Annual",2012,"6/30/1913" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_sae_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_sae_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:41:10 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Total Stocks " "Sourcekey","MTTSTUS1","MCRSTUS1","MAOSTUS1","MPPSTUS1","MLPSTUS1","METSTUS1","MPRSTUS1","MBNSTUS1","MBISTUS1","M_EPOOOXH_SAE_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOOXXFE_SAE_NUS_MBBL","MMTSTUS1","MOOSTUS1","M_EPOOR_SAE_NUS_MBBL","MFESTUS1","M_EPOORD_SAE_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOORO_SAE_NUS_MBBL","MUOSTUS1","MNLST_NUS_1","MKOST_NUS_1","MH1ST_NUS_1","MRUST_NUS_1","MBCSTUS1","MO1ST_NUS_1","M_EPOBGRR_SAE_NUS_MBBL","MO3ST_NUS_1","MO4ST_NUS_1","MO2ST_NUS_1","MO5ST_NUS_1","MO6ST_NUS_1","MO7ST_NUS_1","MO9ST_NUS_1","MBASTUS1","MGFSTUS1","MGRSTUS1","MG1ST_NUS_1","M_EPM0RO_SAE_NUS_MBBL","MG4ST_NUS_1","MG5ST_NUS_1","M_EPM0CAL55_SAE_NUS_MBBL","MG6ST_NUS_1","MGASTUS1","MKJSTUS1","MKESTUS1","MDISTUS1","MD0ST_NUS_1","MD1ST_NUS_1","MDGSTUS1","MRESTUS1","MRLSTUS1","MRMSTUS1","MRGSTUS1","MPCST_NUS_1","MNFSTUS1","MOTSTUS1","MNSSTUS1","MLUSTUS1","MWXSTUS1","MCKSTUS1","MAPSTUS1","MMSSTUS1"

453

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1986" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1986" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_pipe_dc_r20-r10_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_pipe_dc_r20-r10_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:11:27 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: From PADD 1 to PADD 2 Movements by Pipeline" "Sourcekey","MTTMPP2P11","MCRMPP2P11","MPEMPP2P11","MPPMP_R20-R10_1","MLPMPP2P11","MBCMPP2P11","MO5MP_R20-R10_1","MO6MP_R20-R10_1","MO7MP_R20-R10_1","MO9MP_R20-R10_1","M_EPOOR_LMV_R20-R10_MBBL","M_EPOORD_LMV_R20-R10_MBBL","MGFMPP2P11","MGRMPP2P11","MG4MP_R20-R10_1","MG6MP_R20-R10_1","MKJMPP2P11","MKEMPP2P11","MDIMPP2P11","MD0MP_R20-R10_1","MD1MP_R20-R10_1","MDGMPP2P11"

454

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

53,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1949" 53,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1949" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_cons_sum_a_epg0_vc0_mmcf_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_cons_sum_a_epg0_vc0_mmcf_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 6:50:03 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Consumption " "Sourcekey","N9140US2","NA1490_SAL_2","NA1490_SAK_2","NA1490_SAZ_2","NA1490_SAR_2","NA1490_SCA_2","NA1490_SCO_2","NA1490_SCT_2","NA1490_SDE_2","NA1490_SDC_2","NA1490_SFL_2","NA1490_SGA_2","NA1490_R3FM_2","NA1490_SHI_2","NA1490_SID_2","NA1490_SIL_2","NA1490_SIN_2","NA1490_SIA_2","NA1490_SKS_2","NA1490_SKY_2","NA1490_SLA_2","NA1490_SME_2","NA1490_SMD_2","NA1490_SMA_2","NA1490_SMI_2","NA1490_SMN_2","NA1490_SMS_2","NA1490_SMO_2","NA1490_SMT_2","NA1490_SNE_2","NA1490_SNV_2","NA1490_SNH_2","NA1490_SNJ_2","NA1490_SNM_2","NA1490_SNY_2","NA1490_SNC_2","NA1490_SND_2","NA1490_SOH_2","NA1490_SOK_2","NA1490_SOR_2","NA1490_SPA_2","NA1490_SRI_2","NA1490_SSC_2","NA1490_SSD_2","NA1490_STN_2","NA1490_STX_2","NA1490_SUT_2","NA1490_SVT_2","NA1490_SVA_2","NA1490_SWA_2","NA1490_SWV_2","NA1490_SWI_2","NA1490_SWY_2"

455

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Marketed Production ",35,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1973" Natural Gas Marketed Production ",35,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1973" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_prod_whv_a_epg0_vgm_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_prod_whv_a_epg0_vgm_mmcf_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:54:27 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Natural Gas Marketed Production " "Sourcekey","N9050US2","N9050FX2","N9050AL2","N9050AK2","N9050AZ2","N9050AR2","N9050CA2","N9050CO2","N9050FL2","N9050IL2","N9050IN2","N9050KS2","N9050KY2","N9050LA2","N9050MD2","N9050MI2","N9050MS2","N9050MO2","N9050MT2","N9050NE2","N9050NV2","N9050NM2","N9050NY2","N9050ND2","N9050OH2","N9050OK2","N9050OR2","N9050PA2","N9050SD2","N9050TN2","N9050TX2","N9050UT2","N9050VA2","N9050WV2","N9050WY2"

456

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1870" Annual",2012,"6/30/1870" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_exp_dc_nus-z00_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_exp_dc_nus-z00_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 7:27:46 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products" "Sourcekey","MTTEXUS1","MCREXUS1","MNGEXUS1","MPPEXUS1","MLPEXUS1","METEXUS1","MPREXUS1","MBNEXUS1","MBIEXUS1","MOLEXUS1","MOHEXUS1","M_EPOOXXFE_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MMTEX_NUS-Z00_1","MOOEX_NUS-Z00_1","M_EPOOR_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOOXE_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOORDB_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MBCEXUS1","MO1EX_NUS-Z00_1","MO5EX_NUS-Z00_1","MBAEXUS1","MTPEXUS1","MGFEXUS1","MGREXUS1","MG4EX_NUS-Z00_1","MGAEXUS1","MKJEXUS1","MKEEXUS1","MDIEXUS1","M_EPDXL0_EEX_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MD1EX_NUS-Z00_1","MDGEXUS1","MREEXUS1","MNFEXUS1","MOTEXUS1","MNSEXUS1","MLUEXUS1","MWXEXUS1","MCKEXUS1","MAPEXUS1","MMSEXUS1"

457

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/2002" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/2002" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 7:00:27 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included in Prices " "Sourcekey","NA1504_NUS_4","NA1504_SAL_4","NA1504_SAK_4","NA1504_SAZ_4","NA1504_SAR_4","NA1504_SCA_4","NA1504_SCO_4","NA1504_SCT_4","NA1504_SDE_4","NA1504_SDC_4","NA1504_SFL_4","NA1504_SGA_4","NA1504_SHI_4","NA1504_SID_4","NA1504_SIL_4","NA1504_SIN_4","NA1504_SIA_4","NA1504_SKS_4","NA1504_SKY_4","NA1504_SLA_4","NA1504_SME_4","NA1504_SMD_4","NA1504_SMA_4","NA1504_SMI_4","NA1504_SMN_4","NA1504_SMS_4","NA1504_SMO_4","NA1504_SMT_4","NA1504_SNE_4","NA1504_SNV_4","NA1504_SNH_4","NA1504_SNJ_4","NA1504_SNM_4","NA1504_SNY_4","NA1504_SNC_4","NA1504_SND_4","NA1504_SOH_4","NA1504_SOK_4","NA1504_SOR_4","NA1504_SPA_4","NA1504_SRI_4","NA1504_SSC_4","NA1504_SSD_4","NA1504_STN_4","NA1504_STX_4","NA1504_SUT_4","NA1504_SVT_4","NA1504_SVA_4","NA1504_SWA_4","NA1504_SWV_4","NA1504_SWI_4","NA1504_SWY_4"

458

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" 60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_skr_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_skr_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:41:32 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery " "Sourcekey","MTTRSUS1","MCRRSUS1","MPERSUS1","MPPRSUS1","MLPRSUS1","METRSUS1","MPRRSUS1","MBNRSUS1","MBIRSUS1","M_EPOOOXH_SKR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOOXXFE_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MMTRSUS1","MOORSUS1","M_EPOOR_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MFERSUS1","M_EPOORD_SKR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOORO_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MUORSUS1","MNLRSUS1","MKORSUS1","MH1RSUS1","MRURSUS1","MBCRSUS1","MO1RS_NUS_1","M_EPOBGRR_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MO3RS_NUS_1","MO4RS_NUS_1","MO5RS_NUS_1","MO6RS_NUS_1","MO7RS_NUS_1","MO9RS_NUS_1","MBARSUS1","MGFRSUS1","MGRRSUS1","MG1RS_NUS_1","M_EPM0RO_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MG4RS_NUS_1","MG5RS_NUS_1","M_EPM0CAL55_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MG6RS_NUS_1","MGARSUS1","MKJRSUS1","MKERSUS1","MDIRSUS1","MD0RS_NUS_1","MD1RS_NUS_1","MDGRSUS1","MRERSUS1","MRLRSUS1","MRMRSUS1","MRGRSUS1","MPCRS_NUS_1","MNFRSUS1","MOTRSUS1","MNSRSUS1","MLURSUS1","MWXRSUS1","MCKRSUS1","MAPRSUS1","MMSRSUS1"

459

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

56,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" 56,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_skr_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_stoc_typ_d_nus_skr_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:41:31 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery " "Sourcekey","MTTRSUS1","MCRRSUS1","MPERSUS1","MPPRSUS1","MLPRSUS1","METRSUS1","MPRRSUS1","MBNRSUS1","MBIRSUS1","M_EPOOOXH_SKR_NUS_MBBL","M_EPOOXXFE_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MMTRSUS1","MOORSUS1","M_EPOOR_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MFERSUS1","M_EPOORD_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MUORSUS1","MNLRSUS1","MKORSUS1","MH1RSUS1","MRURSUS1","MBCRSUS1","MO1RS_NUS_1","M_EPOBGRR_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MO3RS_NUS_1","MO5RS_NUS_1","MO6RS_NUS_1","MO9RS_NUS_1","MBARSUS1","MGFRSUS1","MGRRSUS1","MG1RS_NUS_1","MG4RS_NUS_1","MG5RS_NUS_1","M_EPM0CAL55_SKR_NUS_MBBL","MG6RS_NUS_1","MGARSUS1","MKJRSUS1","MKERSUS1","MDIRSUS1","MD0RS_NUS_1","MD1RS_NUS_1","MDGRSUS1","MRERSUS1","MRLRSUS1","MRMRSUS1","MRGRSUS1","MPCRS_NUS_1","MNFRSUS1","MOTRSUS1","MNSRSUS1","MLURSUS1","MWXRSUS1","MCKRSUS1","MAPRSUS1","MMSRSUS1"

460

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1973" 2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1973" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_move_poe2_a_epg0_enp_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_move_poe2_a_epg0_enp_mmcf_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 6:58:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit " "Sourcekey","N9132US2","N9132CN2","NA1287_YEPRT-NCA_2","NGA_EPG0_ENP_YCAL-NCA_MMCF","NA1287_YDTW-NCA_2","NA1287_YMARY-NCA_2","NA1287_YSSM-NCA_2","NA1287_YCHRE-NCA_2","NA1287_YNOYS-NCA_2","NA1287_YBAB-NCA_2","NA1287_YHVR-NCA_2","NGA_EPG0_ENP_YPITT-NCA_MMCF","NGM_EPG0_ENP_YGRIS-NCA_MMCF","NGM_EPG0_ENP_YMSS-NCA_MMCF","NA1287_YUSNI-NCA_2","NGM_EPG0_ENP_YWADD-NCA_MMCF","NA1287_YSUMS-NCA_2","N9132MX2","NA1287_YDUG-NMX_2","NA_EPG0_ENP_YNOGS-NMX_MMCF","NA1287_YCAX-NMX_2","NA1287_YOESA-NMX_2","NA1287_YALA-NMX_2","NA1287_YCLI-NMX_2","NA_EPG0_ENP_YDRT-NMX_MMCF","NA1287_YEGP-NMX_2","NA1287_YELP-NMX_2","NA1287_YHDGO-NMX_2","NA1287_YMFE-NMX_2","NA1287_YPENI-NMX_2","NA1287_Y44RB-NMX_2","NA1287_Y44RM-NMX_2"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS ...........................................................................................................................................II  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

i i ii TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS ...........................................................................................................................................II EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................................................................................... 3 INTRODUCTION......................................................................................................................................................... 4 COMPLIANCE SUMMARY ....................................................................................................................................... 6 COMPREHENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE, COMPENSATION, AND LIABILITY ACT (CERCLA) .................... 6

462

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

43,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1989" 43,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1989" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_move_poe1_a_epg0_pml_dpmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_move_poe1_a_epg0_pml_dpmcf_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 6:57:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Price of Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry " "Sourcekey","N9103US3","NGM_EPG0_NUS-NCA_PML_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PML_YHGSP-NCA_DMCF","N9103AG3","N9103AU3","N9103BX3","N9103EG3","NGM_EPG0_PML_YCAM-NEG_DMCF","NA_EPG0_PML_YELBA-NEG_DPMCF","NGA_EPG0_PML_YFPT-NEG_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PML_YGLN-NEG_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_NUS-NEK_PML_DMCF","N9103ID3","N9103MY3","N9103NG3","NA_EPG0_PML_YCPT-NNI_3","NGM_EPG0_NUS-NNO_PML_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PML_YCPT-NNO_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PML_YFPT-NNO_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PML_YSPL-NNO_DMCF","N9103MU3","NGM_EPG0_NUS-NPE_PML_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PML_YCAM-NPE_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PML_YFPT-NPE_DMCF","N9103QR3","NGM_EPG0_PML_YELBA-NQA_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PML_YGPT-NQA_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PML_YSPL-NQA_DMCF","N9103TD3","NGA_EPG0_PML_YCAM-NTD_DMCF","NA1278_YCPT-NTD_3","NA1278_YELBA-NTD_3","NA1278_YEVTT-NTD_3","NGA_EPG0_PML_YFPT-NTD_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PML_YGLN-NTD_DMCF","NA1278_YLCH-NTD_3","NGA_EPG0_PML_YSPL-NTD_DMCF","N9103UA3","NGM_EPG0_PML_NUS-NYE_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PML_YEVTT-NYE_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PML_YFPT-NYE_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PML_YSPL-NYE_DMCF","N9103983"

463

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_netr_d_r10-z0p_vnr_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_netr_d_r10-z0p_vnr_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:09:55 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: East Coast (PADD 1) Net Receipts of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge" "Sourcekey","MTTNRP11","MCRNRP11","MPEMNP11","MPPNRP11","MLPNRP11","METNRP11","MPRNRP11","MBNNRP11","MBINRP11","MUONRP11","MBCNRP11","MO1NR_R10-Z0P_1","M_EPOBGRR_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","MO3NR_R10-Z0P_1","MO4NR_R10-Z0P_1","MO2NR_R10-Z0P_1","MO5NR_R10-Z0P_1","MO6NR_R10-Z0P_1","MO7NR_R10-Z0P_1","MO9NR_R10-Z0P_1","M_EPOOR_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","M_EPOOXE_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","M_EPOORD_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","M_EPOORO_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","MGFNRP11","MGRNRP11","MG1NR_R10-Z0P_1","M_EPM0RO_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","MG4NR_R10-Z0P_1","MG5NR_R10-Z0P_1","M_EPM0CAL55_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","MG6NR_R10-Z0P_1","MGANRP11","MKJNRP11","MKENRP11","MDINRP11","MD0NR_R10-Z0P_1","MD1NR_R10-Z0P_1","MDGNRP11","MRENRP11","MPFNRP11","MPNNR_R10-Z0P_1","MPONR_R10-Z0P_1","MNSNRP11","MLUNRP11","MWXNRP11","MAPNRP11","MMSNRP11"

464

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

36,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1973" 36,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1973" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_move_poe1_a_epg0_irp_mmcf_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_move_poe1_a_epg0_irp_mmcf_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 6:56:59 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry " "Sourcekey","N9102US2","N9102CN2","NA1277_YEPRT-NCA_2","NA1277_YCAL-NCA_2","NA1277_YDTW-NCA_2","NA1277_YMARY-NCA_2","NA1277_YCHRE-NCA_2","NA1277_YINL-NCA_2","NA1277_YNOYS-NCA_2","NA1277_YWARR-NCA_2","NA1277_YBAB-NCA_2","NA1277_YHVR-NCA_2","NA1277_YPDEB-NCA_2","NA1277_YPMOR-NCA_2","NA1277_YSWGR-NCA_2","NA1277_YWHIH-NCA_2","NA1277_YPORT-NCA_2","NA1277_YSHER-NCA_2","NA1277_YPITT-NCA_2","NA1277_YCHAP-NCA_2","NA1277_YGRIS-NCA_2","NA1277_YMSS-NCA_2","NA1277_YUSNI-NCA_2","NA1277_YWADD-NCA_2","NA1277_YSUMS-NCA_2","NA1277_YHGSP-NCA_2","NA1277_YNTRY-NCA_2","N9102MX2","NGA_EPG0_IRP_YOESA-NMX_MMCF","NGM_EPG0_IRP_YOTAY-NMX_MMCF","NA1277_YALA-NMX_2","NA1277_YELP-NMX_2","NGA_EPG0_IRP_YGRT-NMX_MMCF","NA1277_YHDGO-NMX_2","NA1277_YMFE-NMX_2","NA1277_YPENI-NMX_2"

465

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1985" 6,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1985" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_move_poe2_a_epg0_pnp_dpmcf_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_move_poe2_a_epg0_pnp_dpmcf_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 6:58:31 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit " "Sourcekey","N9132US3","N9132CN3","NA1287_YEPRT-NCA_3","NGA_EPG0_PNP_YCAL-NCA_DMCF","NA1287_YDTW-NCA_3","NA1287_YMARY-NCA_3","NA1287_YSSM-NCA_3","NA1287_YCHRE-NCA_3","NA1287_YNOYS-NCA_3","NA1287_YWARR-NCA_3","NA1287_YBAB-NCA_3","NA1287_YHVR-NCA_3","NA1287_YPMOR-NCA_3","NA1287_YSHER-NCA_3","NGA_EPG0_PNP_YPITT-NCA_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNP_YGRIS-NCA_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNP_YMSS-NCA_DMCF","NA1287_YUSNI-NCA_3","NGM_EPG0_PNP_YWADD-NCA_DMCF","NA1287_YSUMS-NCA_3","N9132MX3","NA1287_YDUG-NMX_3","NA_EPG0_PNP_YNOGS-NMX_DMCF","NA1287_YCAX-NMX_3","NA1287_YOESA-NMX_3","NA1287_YOTAY-NMX_3","NA1287_YALA-NMX_3","NA1287_YCLI-NMX_3","NA_EPG0_PNP_YDRT-NMX_DMCF","NA1287_YEGP-NMX_3","NA1287_YELP-NMX_3","NA1287_YHDGO-NMX_3","NA1287_YMFE-NMX_3","NA1287_YPENI-NMX_3","NA1287_Y44RB-NMX_3","NA1287_Y44RM-NMX_3"

466

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

32,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1992" 32,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1992" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_move_poe2_a_epg0_png_dpmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_move_poe2_a_epg0_png_dpmcf_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 6:58:30 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Price of Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit " "Sourcekey","N9133US3","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NBR_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YFPT-NBR_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NBR_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NCA_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YSWGR-NCA_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NCI_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NCI_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NCH_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YENA-NCH_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NCH_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NIN_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YFPT-NIN_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NIN_DMCF","N9133JA3","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YCAM-NJA_DMCF","NA1288_YENA-NJA_3","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NJA_DMCF","N9133MX3","NA1288_YNOGS-NMX_3","NA1288_YOTAY-NMX_3","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NPO_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NPO_DMCF","N9133RU3","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NKS_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YFPT-NKS_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NKS_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NSP_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YCAM-NSP_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NSP_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NUK_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NUK_DMCF"

467

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_netr_d_r10-z0p_vnr_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_netr_d_r10-z0p_vnr_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:09:56 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: East Coast (PADD 1) Net Receipts of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge" "Sourcekey","MTTNRP11","MCRNRP11","MPEMNP11","MPPNRP11","MLPNRP11","METNRP11","MPRNRP11","MBNNRP11","MBINRP11","MUONRP11","MBCNRP11","MO1NR_R10-Z0P_1","M_EPOBGRR_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","MO3NR_R10-Z0P_1","MO4NR_R10-Z0P_1","MO2NR_R10-Z0P_1","MO5NR_R10-Z0P_1","MO6NR_R10-Z0P_1","MO7NR_R10-Z0P_1","MO9NR_R10-Z0P_1","M_EPOOR_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","M_EPOOXE_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","M_EPOORD_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","M_EPOORO_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","MGFNRP11","MGRNRP11","MG1NR_R10-Z0P_1","M_EPM0RO_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","MG4NR_R10-Z0P_1","MG5NR_R10-Z0P_1","M_EPM0CAL55_VNR_R10-Z0P_MBBL","MG6NR_R10-Z0P_1","MGANRP11","MKJNRP11","MKENRP11","MDINRP11","MD0NR_R10-Z0P_1","MD1NR_R10-Z0P_1","MDGNRP11","MRENRP11","MPFNRP11","MPNNR_R10-Z0P_1","MPONR_R10-Z0P_1","MNSNRP11","MLUNRP11","MWXNRP11","MAPNRP11","MMSNRP11"

468

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

36,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1985" 36,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1985" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_move_poe1_a_epg0_prp_dpmcf_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_move_poe1_a_epg0_prp_dpmcf_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 6:57:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry " "Sourcekey","N9102US3","N9102CN3","NA1277_YEPRT-NCA_3","NA1277_YCAL-NCA_3","NA1277_YDTW-NCA_3","NA1277_YMARY-NCA_3","NA1277_YCHRE-NCA_3","NA1277_YINL-NCA_3","NA1277_YNOYS-NCA_3","NA1277_YWARR-NCA_3","NA1277_YBAB-NCA_3","NA1277_YHVR-NCA_3","NA1277_YPDEB-NCA_3","NA1277_YPMOR-NCA_3","NA1277_YSWGR-NCA_3","NA1277_YWHIH-NCA_3","NA1277_YPORT-NCA_3","NA1277_YSHER-NCA_3","NA1277_YPITT-NCA_3","NA1277_YCHAP-NCA_3","NA1277_YGRIS-NCA_3","NA1277_YMSS-NCA_3","NA1277_YUSNI-NCA_3","NA1277_YWADD-NCA_3","NA1277_YSUMS-NCA_3","NA1277_YHGSP-NCA_3","NA1277_YNTRY-NCA_3","N9102MX3","NGA_EPG0_PRP_YOESA-NMX_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PRP_YOTAY-NMX_DMCF","NA1277_YALA-NMX_3","NA1277_YELP-NMX_3","NGA_EPG0_PRP_YGRT-NMX_DMCF","NA1277_YHDGO-NMX_3","NA1277_YMFE-NMX_3","NA1277_YPENI-NMX_3"

469

THE CONCEPTUAL DESIGN ASSESSMENT FOR THE CO-FIRING OF BIO-REFINERY SUPPLIED LIGNIN PROJECT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The major aspects of this project are proceeding toward completion. Prior to this quarter, design criteria, tentative site selection, facility layout, and preliminary facility cost estimates were completed and issued. Processing of bio-solids was completed, providing material for the pilot operations. Pilot facility design, equipment selection, and modification were completed during the fourth quarter of 2000. Initial pilot facility shakedown was completed during the fourth quarter. After some unavoidable delays, a suitable representative supply of MSW feed material was procured. During this first quarter of 2001, shredding of the feed material and final feed conditioning were completed. Pilot facility hydrolysis production was completed to produce lignin for co-fire testing. During this quarter, TVA completed the washing and dewatering of the lignin material produced from the MSW hydrolysis. Seven drums of lignin material were washed to recover the acid and sugar from the lignin and provide an improved fuel for steam generation. Samples of both the lignin and bio-solids fuel materials for co-fire testing were sent to the co-fire facility (EERC) for evaluation. After sample evaluation, EERC approved sending the material and all of the necessary fuel for testing was shipped to EERC. EERC has requested and will receive coal typical of the fuel to the TVA-Colbert boilers. This material will be used at EERC as baseline material and for mixing with the bio-fuel for combustion testing. EERC combustion testing of the bio based fuels is scheduled to begin in August of 2001. The TVA-Colbert facility has neared completion of the task to evaluate the co-location of the Masada facility on the operation of the power generation facility. The TVA-Colbert fossil plant is fully capable of providing a reliable steam supply. The preferred steam supply connection points and steam pipeline routing have been identified. The environmental review of the pipeline routing has been completed and no major impacts have been identified. Detailed assessment of steam export impacts on the Colbert boiler system have been completed and a cost estimate for steam supply system was completed. The cost estimate and the output and heat rate impacts will be used to determine a preliminary price for the exported steam. The preliminary steam price will be determined in the next quarter.

Ted Berglund; Jeffrey T. Ranney; Carol L. Babb; Jacqueline G. Broder

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbblpd_m.xls" mbblpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_imp_dc_nus-z00_mbblpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 8:05:08 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products" "Sourcekey","MTTIMUS2","MCRIMUS2","MNGIMUS2","MPPIMUS2","MLPIMUS2","MENIMUS2","MEYIMUS2","MPAIM_NUS-Z00_2","MPLIMUS2","MBUIM_NUS-Z00_2","MBYIMUS2","MIIIM_NUS-Z00_2","MIYIMUS2","MOLIMUS2","MOHIMUS2","M_EPOOXXFE_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","MMTIMUS2","MOOIMUS2","M_EPOOR_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","MFEIMUS2","M_EPOORDB_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","M_EPOORDO_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","M_EPOORO_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","M_EPOOOXH_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","MUOIMUS2","MNLIMUS2","MKOIMUS2","MHOIMUS2","MRUIMUS2","MBCIMUS2","M_EPOBGRR_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","MO5IM_NUS-Z00_2","MO6IM_NUS-Z00_2","MO7IM_NUS-Z00_2","MO9IM_NUS-Z00_2","MBAIMUS2","MTPIMUS2","MGFIMUS2","MGRIMUS2","MG1IM_NUS-Z00_2","MG4IM_NUS-Z00_2","MG5IM_NUS-Z00_2","M_EPM0CAL55_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBLD","MG6IM_NUS-Z00_2","MGAIMUS2","MKJIMUS2","MKBIMUS2","MK1IMUS2","MKEIMUS2","MDIIMUS2","MD0IM_NUS-Z00_2","MB0IM_NUS-Z00_2","MB5IM_NUS-Z00_2","MD1IM_NUS-Z00_2","MB1IM_NUS-Z00_2","MB6IM_NUS-Z00_2","MDGIMUS2","MD2IM_NUS-Z00_2","MB2IM_NUS-Z00_2","MB7IM_NUS-Z00_2","MD3IM_NUS-Z00_2","MB3IM_NUS-Z00_2","MB8IM_NUS-Z00_2","MREIMUS2","MRXIMUS2","MRYIMUS2","MRZIMUS2","MPFIM_NUS-Z00_2","MNFIMUS2","MOTIMUS2","MNSIMUS2","MLUIMUS2","MWXIMUS2","MCKIMUS2","MAPIMUS2","MMSIMUS2"

471

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1910" Annual",2012,"6/30/1910" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_imp_dc_nus-z00_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_imp_dc_nus-z00_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 8:04:15 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products" "Sourcekey","MTTIMUS1","MCRIMUS1","MNGIMUS1","MPPIMUS1","MLPIMUS1","MENIMUS1","MEYIMUS1","MPAIM_NUS-Z00_1","MPLIMUS1","MBUIM_NUS-Z00_1","MBYIMUS1","MIIIM_NUS-Z00_1","MIYIMUS1","MOLIMUS1","MOHIMUS1","M_EPOOXXFE_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MMTIMUS1","MOOIMUS1","M_EPOOR_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MFEIMUS1","M_EPOORDB_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOORDO_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOORO_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOOOXH_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MUOIMUS1","MNLIMUS1","MKOIMUS1","MHOIMUS1","MRUIMUS1","MBCIMUS1","M_EPOBGRR_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MO5IM_NUS-Z00_1","MO6IM_NUS-Z00_1","MO7IM_NUS-Z00_1","MO9IM_NUS-Z00_1","MBAIMUS1","MTPIMUS1","MGFIMUS1","MGRIMUS1","MG1IM_NUS-Z00_1","MG4IM_NUS-Z00_1","MG5IM_NUS-Z00_1","M_EPM0CAL55_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MG6IM_NUS-Z00_1","MGAIMUS1","MKJIMUS1","MKBIMUS1","MK1IMUS1","MKEIMUS1","MDIIMUS1","MD0IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB0IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB5IM_NUS-Z00_1","MD1IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB1IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB6IM_NUS-Z00_1","MDGIMUS1","MD2IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB2IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB7IM_NUS-Z00_1","MD3IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB3IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB8IM_NUS-Z00_1","MREIMUS1","MRXIMUS1","MRYIMUS1","MRZIMUS1","MPFIM_NUS-Z00_1","MNFIMUS1","MOTIMUS1","MNSIMUS1","MLUIMUS1","MWXIMUS1","MCKIMUS1","MAPIMUS1","MMSIMUS1"

472

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mbbl_m.xls" mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_imp_dc_nus-z00_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 8:04:37 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products" "Sourcekey","MTTIMUS1","MCRIMUS1","MNGIMUS1","MPPIMUS1","MLPIMUS1","MENIMUS1","MEYIMUS1","MPAIM_NUS-Z00_1","MPLIMUS1","MBUIM_NUS-Z00_1","MBYIMUS1","MIIIM_NUS-Z00_1","MIYIMUS1","MOLIMUS1","MOHIMUS1","M_EPOOXXFE_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MMTIMUS1","MOOIMUS1","M_EPOOR_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MFEIMUS1","M_EPOORDB_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOORDO_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOORO_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","M_EPOOOXH_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MUOIMUS1","MNLIMUS1","MKOIMUS1","MHOIMUS1","MRUIMUS1","MBCIMUS1","M_EPOBGRR_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MO5IM_NUS-Z00_1","MO6IM_NUS-Z00_1","MO7IM_NUS-Z00_1","MO9IM_NUS-Z00_1","MBAIMUS1","MTPIMUS1","MGFIMUS1","MGRIMUS1","MG1IM_NUS-Z00_1","MG4IM_NUS-Z00_1","MG5IM_NUS-Z00_1","M_EPM0CAL55_IM0_NUS-Z00_MBBL","MG6IM_NUS-Z00_1","MGAIMUS1","MKJIMUS1","MKBIMUS1","MK1IMUS1","MKEIMUS1","MDIIMUS1","MD0IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB0IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB5IM_NUS-Z00_1","MD1IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB1IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB6IM_NUS-Z00_1","MDGIMUS1","MD2IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB2IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB7IM_NUS-Z00_1","MD3IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB3IM_NUS-Z00_1","MB8IM_NUS-Z00_1","MREIMUS1","MRXIMUS1","MRYIMUS1","MRZIMUS1","MPFIM_NUS-Z00_1","MNFIMUS1","MOTIMUS1","MNSIMUS1","MLUIMUS1","MWXIMUS1","MCKIMUS1","MAPIMUS1","MMSIMUS1"

473

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

45,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1985" 45,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1985" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_move_poe2_a_epg0_png_dpmcf_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_move_poe2_a_epg0_png_dpmcf_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 6:58:30 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Price of Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit " "Sourcekey","N9133US3","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NBR_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YFPT-NBR_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NBR_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NCA_DMCF","NA_EPG0_PNG_YBUF-NCA_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YSWGR-NCA_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NCI_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NCI_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NCH_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YENA-NCH_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NCH_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NIN_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YFPT-NIN_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NIN_DMCF","N9133JA3","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YCAM-NJA_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YFPT-NJA_DMCF","NA1288_YENA-NJA_3","NA1288_YPNIK-NJA_3","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NJA_DMCF","N9133MX3","NA1288_YNOGS-NMX_3","NA1288_YOTAY-NMX_3","NA1288_YSAN-NMX_3","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NPO_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NPO_DMCF","N9133RU3","NA_EPG0_PNG_YENA-NRS_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NKS_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YFPT-NKS_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NKS_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NSP_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YCAM-NSP_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NSP_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_NUS-NUK_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YFPT-NUK_DMCF","NGA_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-NUK_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YCAM-Z00_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YENA-Z00_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YFPT-Z00_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YNOGS-Z00_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YOTAY-Z00_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YSPL-Z00_DMCF","NGM_EPG0_PNG_YSWGR-Z00_DMCF"

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Table of Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... This tab also captures any content validation errors with the SCAP content that were found with the ... 2, All Tabs, Initial release of USGCB Content. 3, ...

2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

475

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_impcp_a2_r10_ep00_ip0_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_impcp_a2_r10_ep00_ip0_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 9:02:39 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: East Coast (PADD 1) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports" "Sourcekey","MTTIPP11","MTTIPP1PG1","MTTIP_R10-ME0_1","MTTIPP1AG1","MTTIPP1AO1","MTTIPP1EC1","MTTIP_R10-NIZ_1","MTTIP_R10-NKU_1","MTTIP_R10-NLY_1","MTTIPP1NI1","MTTIP_R10-NQA_1","MTTIPP1SA1","MTTIP_R10-NTC_1","MTTIPP1VE1","MTTIPP1VV1","MTTIP_R10-NAR_1","MTTIP_R10-NAA_1","MTTIP_R10-NAS_1","MTTIP_R10-NAU_1","MTTIP_R10-NAJ_1","MTTIPP1BF1","MTTIP_R10-NBA_1","MTTIP_R10-NBB_1","MTTIP_R10-NBO_1","MTTIP_R10-NBE_1","MTTIPP1BR1","MTTIP_R10-NBX_1","MTTIP_R10-NBU_1","MTTIPP1CM1","MTTIPP1CA1","MTTIP_R10-NCD_1","MTTIP_R10-NCI_1","MTTIP_R10-NCH_1","MTTIPP1CO1","MTTIP_R10-NCF_1","MTTIPP1CG1","MTTIP_R10-NCS_1","MTTIP_R10-NHR_1","MTTIP_R10-NCY_1","MTTIP_R10-NDA_1","MTTIP_R10-NDR_1","MTTIPP1EG1","MTTIP_R10-NES_1","MTTIP_R10-NEK_1","MTTIP_R10-NEN_1","MTTIP_R10-NFI_1","MTTIPP1FR1","MTTIPP1GB1","MTTIP_R10-NGG_1","MTTIPP1BZ1","MTTIP_R10-NGH_1","MTTIP_R10-NGI_1","MTTIP_R10-NGR_1","MTTIP_R10-NGT_1","MTTIP_R10-NGV_1","MTTIP_R10-NHK_1","MTTIP_R10-NHU_1","MTTIP_R10-NIN_1","MTTIP_R10-NID_1","MTTIP_R10-NEI_1","MTTIP_R10-NIS_1","MTTIPP1IT1","MTTIP_R10-NIV_1","MTTIP_R10-NJM_1","MTTIPP1JA1","MTTIP_R10-NKZ_1","MTTIP_R10-NKS_1","MTTIP_R10-NKG_1","MTTIP_R10-NLG_1","MTTIP_R10-NLI_1","MTTIP_R10-NLH_1","MTTIP_R10-NMY_1","MTTIP_R10-NMT_1","MTTIPP1MX1","MTTIP_R10-NMO_1","MTTIP_R10-NWA_1","MTTIPP1NL1","MTTIPP1NA1","MTTIP_R10-NNE_1","MTTIPP1NO1","MTTIP_R10-NMU_1","MTTIP_R10-NPK_1","MTTIP_R10-NPM_1","MTTIP_R10-NPE_1","MTTIP_R10-NRP_1","MTTIP_R10-NPL_1","MTTIP_R10-NPO_1","MTTIPP1RQ1","MTTIP_R10-NRO_1","MTTIP_R10-NRS_1","MTTIP_R10-NSG_1","MTTIP_R10-NSN_1","MTTIP_R10-NSF_1","MTTIPP1SP1","MTTIP_R10-NWZ_1","MTTIP_R10-NSW_1","MTTIP_R10-NSZ_1","MTTIP_R10-NSY_1","MTTIP_R10-NTW_1","MTTIP_R10-NTH_1","MTTIP_R10-NTO_1","MTTIP_R10-NTN_1","MTTIPP1TD1","MTTIP_R10-NTS_1","MTTIP_R10-NTU_1","MTTIP_R10-NTX_1","MTTIP_R10-NUR_1","MTTIPP1UK1","MTTIP_R10-NUY_1","MTTIP_R10-NVM_1","MTTIPP1VQ1","MTTIP_R10-NYE_1"

476

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

98,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" 98,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_impcp_a2_r50_ep00_ip0_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_impcp_a2_r50_ep00_ip0_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 9:20:29 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports" "Sourcekey","MTTIPP51","MTTIPP5PG1","MTTIP_R50-ME0_1","MTTIP_R50-NAG_1","MTTIP_R50-NAO_1","MTTIPP5EC1","MTTIP_R50-NIZ_1","MTTIP_R50-NKU_1","MTTIP_R50-NLY_1","MTTIP_R50-NNI_1","MTTIP_R50-NQA_1","MTTIPP5SA1","MTTIP_R50-NTC_1","MTTIPP5VE1","MTTIPP5VV1","MTTIPP5AR1","MTTIP_R50-NAA_1","MTTIPP5AS1","MTTIP_R50-NAJ_1","MTTIP_R50-NBF_1","MTTIP_R50-NBA_1","MTTIP_R50-NBO_1","MTTIP_R50-NBE_1","MTTIP_R50-NBN_1","MTTIP_R50-NBL_1","MTTIP_R50-NBR_1","MTTIP_R50-NBX_1","MTTIP_R50-NCM_1","MTTIPP5CA1","MTTIP_R50-NCD_1","MTTIP_R50-NCI_1","MTTIPP5CH1","MTTIPP5CO1","MTTIPP5CF1","MTTIP_R50-NCG_1","MTTIP_R50-NCS_1","MTTIP_R50-NHR_1","MTTIP_R50-NDA_1","MTTIP_R50-NDR_1","MTTIP_R50-NEG_1","MTTIP_R50-NES_1","MTTIP_R50-NEK_1","MTTIP_R50-NEN_1","MTTIP_R50-NFI_1","MTTIP_R50-NFR_1","MTTIP_R50-NGB_1","MTTIP_R50-NGM_1","MTTIP_R50-NGR_1","MTTIP_R50-NGT_1","MTTIP_R50-NGV_1","MTTIP_R50-NHK_1","MTTIP_R50-NHU_1","MTTIP_R50-NIN_1","MTTIPP5ID1","MTTIP_R50-NIS_1","MTTIP_R50-NIT_1","MTTIP_R50-NIV_1","MTTIP_R50-NJM_1","MTTIP_R50-NJA_1","MTTIP_R50-NKZ_1","MTTIP_R50-NKS_1","MTTIP_R50-NLH_1","MTTIP_R50-NMY_1","MTTIP_R50-NMT_1","MTTIPP5MX1","MTTIP_R50-NMO_1","MTTIP_R50-NNL_1","MTTIP_R50-NNA_1","MTTIP_R50-NNZ_1","MTTIP_R50-NNU_1","MTTIP_R50-NNO_1","MTTIP_R50-NMU_1","MTTIP_R50-NPM_1","MTTIP_R50-NPP_1","MTTIPP5PE1","MTTIP_R50-NRP_1","MTTIP_R50-NPL_1","MTTIP_R50-NPO_1","MTTIP_R50-NRO_1","MTTIP_R50-NRS_1","MTTIPP5SN1","MTTIP_R50-NSF_1","MTTIP_R50-NSP_1","MTTIP_R50-NPG_1","MTTIP_R50-NSW_1","MTTIP_R50-NSY_1","MTTIP_R50-NTW_1","MTTIP_R50-NTH_1","MTTIP_R50-NTD_1","MTTIP_R50-NTS_1","MTTIP_R50-NTU_1","MTTIP_R50-NTX_1","MTTIP_R50-NUR_1","MTTIPP5UK1","MTTIP_R50-NUY_1","MTTIP_R50-NVM_1","MTTIPP5VQ1","MTTIP_R50-NYE_1"

477

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" 1,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_expc_a_ep00_eex_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_expc_a_ep00_eex_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 7:28:29 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Total Crude Oil and Products Exports by Destination" "Sourcekey","MTTEXUS1","MTTEX_NUS-NAF_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAL_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAG_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAN_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAO_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAV_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAC_1","MTTEXAR1","MTTEX_NUS-NAE_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAA_1","MTTEXAS1","MTTEX_NUS-NAU_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAJ_1","MTTEXBF1","MTTEXBA1","MTTEX_NUS-NBB_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBO_1","MTTEXBE1","MTTEX_NUS-NBH_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBN_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBL_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBK_1","MTTEXBR1","MTTEX_NUS-NBX_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBU_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBM_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBD_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCB_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCM_1","MTTEXCA1","MTTEX_NUS-NCJ_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCD_1","MTTEXCI1","MTTEXCH1","MTTEXCO1","MTTEX_NUS-NCF_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCG_1","MTTEXCS1","MTTEX_NUS-NHR_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCY_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCZ_1","MTTEXDA1","MTTEX_NUS-NDJ_1","MTTEXDO1","M_EP00_EEX_NUS-NDR_1","MTTEXEC1","MTTEXEG1","MTTEXES1","MTTEX_NUS-NEK_1","MTTEX_NUS-NER_1","MTTEX_NUS-NEN_1","MTTEX_NUS-NET_1","MTTEX_NUS-NFJ_1","MTTEXFI1","MTTEXFR1","MTTEX_NUS-NFG_1","MTTEXFP1","MTTEX_NUS-NGB_1","MTTEX_NUS-NGG_1","MTTEXBZ1","MTTEXGH1","MTTEX_NUS-NGI_1","MTTEXGR1","MTTEX_NUS-NGL_1","MTTEX_NUS-NGJ_1","M_EP00_EEX_NUS-NGP_1","MTTEXGT1","MTTEX_NUS-NGV_1","MTTEX_NUS-NGY_1","MTTEX_NUS-NHA_1","MTTEXHO1","MTTEXHK1","MTTEX_NUS-NHU_1","MTTEX_NUS-NIC_1","MTTEXIN1","MTTEXID1","MTTEX_NUS-NIZ_1","MTTEXEI1","MTTEXIS1","MTTEXIT1","MTTEX_NUS-NIV_1","MTTEXJM1","MTTEXJA1","MTTEX_NUS-NJO_1","MTTEX_NUS-NKZ_1","MTTEX_NUS-NKE_1","MTTEXKS1","MTTEX_NUS-NKN_1","MTTEX_NUS-NKG_1","MTTEX_NUS-NKT_1","MTTEX_NUS-NKU_1","MTTEX_NUS-NLG_1","MTTEX_NUS-NLE_1","MTTEX_NUS-NLI_1","MTTEX_NUS-NLY_1","MTTEX_NUS-NLH_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMC_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMK_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMA_1","MTTEXMY1","MTTEX_NUS-NMV_1","MTTEX_NUS-NML_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMT_1","MTTEX_NUS-NRM_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMR_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMP_1","MTTEXMX1","MTTEX_NUS-NFM_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMQ_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMD_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMN_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMG_1","M_EP00_EEX_NUS-NMJ_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMH_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMO_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMZ_1","MTTEX_NUS-NWA_1","MTTEX_NUS-NNP_1","MTTEXNL1","MTTEXNA1","MTTEX_NUS-NNC_1","MTTEXNZ1","MTTEX_NUS-NNU_1","MTTEX_NUS-NNG_1","MTTEXNI1","MTTEX_NUS-NNE_1","MTTEXNO1","MTTEX_NUS-NMU_1","MTTEX_NUS-NPK_1","MTTEXPM1","MTTEX_NUS-NPP_1","MTTEX_NUS-NPF_1","MTTEX_NUS-NPA_1","MTTEXPE1","MTTEXRP1","MTTEXPL1","MTTEXPO1","MTTEXRQ1","MTTEX_NUS-NQA_1","MTTEX_NUS-NRO_1","MTTEX_NUS-NRS_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSC_1","MTTEX_NUS-NST_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSB_1","MTTEX_NUS-NVC_1","MTTEX_NUS-NWS_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSM_1","MTTEXSA1","MTTEX_NUS-NSG_1","MTTEX_NUS-NYI_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSE_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSL_1","MTTEXSN1","MTTEX_NUS-NSK_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSI_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBP_1","MTTEXSF1","MTTEXSP1","MTTEX_NUS-NPG_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCE_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSU_1","MTTEXNS1","MTTEX_NUS-NWZ_1","MTTEXSW1","MTTEXSZ1","MTTEX_NUS-NSY_1","MTTEXTW1","MTTEX_NUS-NTZ_1","MTTEXTH1","MTTEX_NUS-NTN_1","MTTEX_NUS-NTO_1","MTTEXTD1","MTTEX_NUS-NTS_1","MTTEXTU1","MTTEX_NUS-NTX_1","MTTEX_NUS-NTK_1","MTTEX_NUS-NUG_1","MTTEX_NUS-NUR_1","MTTEXTC1","MTTEXUK1","MTTEXUY1","MTTEX_NUS-NUZ_1","MTTEX_NUS-NNH_1","MTTEXVE1","MTTEX_NUS-NVM_1","MTTEX_NUS-NVI_1","MTTEXVQ1","MTTEX_NUS-NYE_1","MTTEXYO1","MTTEX_NUS-NZA_1"

478

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" 7,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1981" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_impcp_a2_r30_ep00_ip0_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_impcp_a2_r30_ep00_ip0_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 9:11:43 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports" "Sourcekey","MTTIPP31","MTTIPP3PG1","MTTIP_R30-ME0_1","MTTIPP3AG1","MTTIPP3AO1","MTTIPP3EC1","MTTIP_R30-NIZ_1","MTTIPP3KU1","MTTIP_R30-NLY_1","MTTIPP3NI1","MTTIP_R30-NQA_1","MTTIPP3SA1","MTTIPP3TC1","MTTIPP3VE1","MTTIPP3VV1","MTTIP_R30-NAL_1","MTTIPP3AR1","MTTIP_R30-NAA_1","MTTIPP3AS1","MTTIP_R30-NAU_1","MTTIP_R30-NAJ_1","MTTIP_R30-NBF_1","MTTIP_R30-NBA_1","MTTIP_R30-NBO_1","MTTIPP3BE1","MTTIP_R30-NBH_1","MTTIP_R30-NBN_1","MTTIP_R30-NBL_1","MTTIP_R30-NBR_1","MTTIP_R30-NBX_1","MTTIP_R30-NBU_1","MTTIP_R30-NBM_1","MTTIP_R30-NCM_1","MTTIPP3CA1","MTTIP_R30-NCD_1","MTTIP_R30-NCI_1","MTTIP_R30-NCH_1","MTTIPP3CO1","MTTIPP3CF1","MTTIPP3CG1","MTTIP_R30-NCW_1","MTTIP_R30-NCS_1","MTTIP_R30-NHR_1","MTTIP_R30-NCY_1","MTTIP_R30-NCZ_1","MTTIP_R30-NDA_1","MTTIPP3EG1","MTTIP_R30-NES_1","MTTIP_R30-NEK_1","MTTIP_R30-NEN_1","MTTIP_R30-NFI_1","MTTIPP3FR1","MTTIPP3GB1","MTTIP_R30-NGG_1","MTTIP_R30-NGM_1","MTTIP_R30-NGH_1","MTTIP_R30-NGR_1","MTTIP_R30-NGT_1","MTTIP_R30-NGV_1","MTTIP_R30-NHU_1","MTTIP_R30-NIN_1","MTTIPP3ID1","MTTIP_R30-NEI_1","MTTIP_R30-NIS_1","MTTIPP3IT1","MTTIP_R30-NIV_1","MTTIP_R30-NJM_1","MTTIP_R30-NJA_1","MTTIP_R30-NKZ_1","MTTIPP3KS1","MTTIP_R30-NKG_1","MTTIP_R30-NLG_1","MTTIP_R30-NLI_1","MTTIP_R30-NLH_1","MTTIP_R30-NMY_1","MTTIP_R30-NMT_1","MTTIP_R30-NMR_1","MTTIPP3MX1","MTTIP_R30-NMQ_1","MTTIP_R30-NMO_1","MTTIP_R30-NNL_1","MTTIPP3NA1","MTTIP_R30-NNZ_1","MTTIPP3NO1","MTTIP_R30-NMU_1","MTTIP_R30-NPK_1","MTTIP_R30-NPM_1","MTTIP_R30-NPP_1","MTTIP_R30-NPE_1","MTTIP_R30-NRP_1","MTTIP_R30-NPL_1","MTTIP_R30-NPO_1","MTTIP_R30-NPZ_1","MTTIP_R30-NRO_1","MTTIP_R30-NRS_1","MTTIP_R30-NSN_1","MTTIP_R30-NSK_1","MTTIP_R30-NSF_1","MTTIPP3SP1","MTTIPP3SW1","MTTIP_R30-NSZ_1","MTTIPP3SY1","MTTIP_R30-NTW_1","MTTIPP3TH1","MTTIP_R30-NTO_1","MTTIP_R30-NTN_1","MTTIPP3TD1","MTTIP_R30-NTS_1","MTTIP_R30-NTU_1","MTTIP_R30-NTX_1","MTTIP_R30-NUR_1","MTTIPP3UK1","MTTIP_R30-NUY_1","MTTIP_R30-NUZ_1","MTTIP_R30-NVM_1","MTTIPP3VQ1","MTTIPP3YE1"

479

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1973" Annual",2012,"6/30/1973" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_neti_a_ep00_imn_mbblpd_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_neti_a_ep00_imn_mbblpd_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 10:46:04 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Net Imports of Total Crude Oil and Products into the U.S. by Country" "Sourcekey","MTTNTUS2","MTTNTUSPG2","MTTNT_NUS-ME0_2","MTTNTUSAG2","MTTNTUSAO2","MTTNTUSEC2","MTTNTUSIR2","MTTNT_NUS-NIZ_2","MTTNTUSKU2","MTTNT_NUS-NLY_2","MTTNTUSNI2","MTTNTUSQA2","MTTNTUSSA2","MTTNTUSTC2","MTTNTUSVE2","MTTNTUSVV2","MTTNT_NUS-NAF_2","MTTNT_NUS-NAL_2","MTTNT_NUS-NAN_2","MTTNT_NUS-NAV_2","MTTNT_NUS-NAC_2","MTTNTUSAR2","MTTNT_NUS-NAE_2","MTTNT_NUS-NAA_2","MTTNTUSAS2","MTTNT_NUS-NAU_2","MTTNT_NUS-NAJ_2","MTTNTUSBF2","MTTNT_NUS-NBA_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBB_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBO_2","MTTNTUSBE2","MTTNT_NUS-NBH_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBN_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBD_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBL_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBK_2","MTTNTUSBR2","MTTNTUSBX2","MTTNT_NUS-NBU_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBM_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCB_2","MTTNTUSCM2","MTTNTUSCA2","MTTNT_NUS-NCJ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCD_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCI_2","MTTNTUSCH2","MTTNTUSCO2","MTTNTUSCF2","MTTNTUSCG2","MTTNT_NUS-NCW_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCS_2","MTTNT_NUS-NHR_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCY_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCZ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NDA_2","MTTNT_NUS-NDJ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NDO_2","MTTNT_NUS-NDR_2","MTTNTUSEG2","MTTNT_NUS-NES_2","MTTNT_NUS-NEK_2","MTTNT_NUS-NET_2","MTTNT_NUS-NER_2","MTTNT_NUS-NEN_2","MTTNT_NUS-NFJ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NFI_2","MTTNTUSFR2","MTTNT_NUS-NFP_2","MTTNT_NUS-NFG_2","MTTNTUSGB2","MTTNT_NUS-NGG_2","MTTNTUSBZ2","MTTNT_NUS-NGH_2","MTTNT_NUS-NGI_2","MTTNTUSGR2","MTTNT_NUS-NGL_2","MTTNT_NUS-NGJ_2","M_EP00_IMN_NUS-NGP_2","MTTNTUSGT2","MTTNT_NUS-NGV_2","MTTNT_NUS-NGY_2","MTTNT_NUS-NHA_2","MTTNT_NUS-NHO_2","MTTNT_NUS-NHK_2","MTTNT_NUS-NHU_2","MTTNT_NUS-NIC_2","MTTNTUSIN2","MTTNTUSID2","MTTNT_NUS-NEI_2","MTTNT_NUS-NIS_2","MTTNTUSIT2","MTTNT_NUS-NIV_2","MTTNTUSJM2","MTTNTUSJA2","MTTNT_NUS-NJO_2","MTTNT_NUS-NKZ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NKE_2","MTTNTUSKS2","MTTNT_NUS-NKT_2","MTTNT_NUS-NKG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NLG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NLE_2","MTTNT_NUS-NLI_2","MTTNT_NUS-NLH_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMC_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMK_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMA_2","MTTNTUSMY2","MTTNT_NUS-NMV_2","MTTNT_NUS-NML_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMT_2","MTTNT_NUS-NRM_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMR_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMP_2","MTTNTUSMX2","MTTNT_NUS-NFM_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMQ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMN_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMD_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMG_2","M_EP00_IMN_NUS-NMJ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMH_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMO_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMZ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NWA_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNP_2","MTTNTUSNL2","MTTNTUSNA2","MTTNT_NUS-NNC_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNZ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNU_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNE_2","MTTNTUSNO2","MTTNTUSMU2","MTTNT_NUS-NPK_2","MTTNTUSPM2","MTTNT_NUS-NPP_2","MTTNT_NUS-NPF_2","MTTNT_NUS-NPA_2","MTTNTUSPE2","MTTNT_NUS-NRP_2","MTTNT_NUS-NPL_2","MTTNT_NUS-NPO_2","MTTNTUSRQ2","MTTNTUSRO2","MTTNT_NUS-NRS_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSC_2","MTTNT_NUS-NST_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSB_2","MTTNT_NUS-NVC_2","MTTNT_NUS-NWS_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSM_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NYI_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSL_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSN_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSK_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSI_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSF_2","MTTNTUSSP2","MTTNT_NUS-NPG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCE_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNS_2","MTTNT_NUS-NWZ_2","MTTNTUSSW2","MTTNT_NUS-NSZ_2","MTTNTUSSY2","MTTNTUSTW2","MTTNT_NUS-NTZ_2","MTTNTUSTH2","MTTNT_NUS-NTO_2","MTTNT_NUS-NTN_2","MTTNTUSTD2","MTTNT_NUS-NTS_2","MTTNTUSTU2","MTTNT_NUS-NTX_2","MTTNT_NUS-NTK_2","MTTNT_NUS-NUG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NUR_2","MTTNTUSUK2","MTTNT_NUS-NUY_2","MTTNT_NUS-NUZ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNH_2","MTTNT_NUS-NVM_2","MTTNT_NUS-NVI_2","MTTNTUSVQ2","MTTNTUSYE2","MTTNT_NUS-NYO_2","MTTNTUSWW2"

480

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1973" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1973" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_neti_a_ep00_imn_mbblpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_neti_a_ep00_imn_mbblpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 10:47:08 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Net Imports of Total Crude Oil and Products into the U.S. by Country" "Sourcekey","MTTNTUS2","MTTNTUSPG2","MTTNT_NUS-ME0_2","MTTNTUSAG2","MTTNTUSAO2","MTTNTUSEC2","MTTNTUSIR2","MTTNT_NUS-NIZ_2","MTTNTUSKU2","MTTNT_NUS-NLY_2","MTTNTUSNI2","MTTNTUSQA2","MTTNTUSSA2","MTTNTUSTC2","MTTNTUSVE2","MTTNTUSVV2","MTTNT_NUS-NAF_2","MTTNT_NUS-NAL_2","MTTNT_NUS-NAN_2","MTTNT_NUS-NAV_2","MTTNT_NUS-NAC_2","MTTNTUSAR2","MTTNT_NUS-NAE_2","MTTNT_NUS-NAA_2","MTTNTUSAS2","MTTNT_NUS-NAU_2","MTTNT_NUS-NAJ_2","MTTNTUSBF2","MTTNT_NUS-NBA_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBB_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBO_2","MTTNTUSBE2","MTTNT_NUS-NBH_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBN_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBD_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBL_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBK_2","MTTNTUSBR2","MTTNTUSBX2","MTTNT_NUS-NBU_2","MTTNT_NUS-NBM_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCB_2","MTTNTUSCM2","MTTNTUSCA2","MTTNT_NUS-NCJ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCD_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCI_2","MTTNTUSCH2","MTTNTUSCO2","MTTNTUSCF2","MTTNTUSCG2","MTTNT_NUS-NCW_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCS_2","MTTNT_NUS-NHR_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCY_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCZ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NDA_2","MTTNT_NUS-NDJ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NDO_2","MTTNT_NUS-NDR_2","MTTNTUSEG2","MTTNT_NUS-NES_2","MTTNT_NUS-NEK_2","MTTNT_NUS-NET_2","MTTNT_NUS-NER_2","MTTNT_NUS-NEN_2","MTTNT_NUS-NFJ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NFI_2","MTTNTUSFR2","MTTNT_NUS-NFP_2","MTTNT_NUS-NFG_2","MTTNTUSGB2","MTTNT_NUS-NGG_2","MTTNTUSBZ2","MTTNT_NUS-NGH_2","MTTNT_NUS-NGI_2","MTTNTUSGR2","MTTNT_NUS-NGL_2","MTTNT_NUS-NGJ_2","M_EP00_IMN_NUS-NGP_2","MTTNTUSGT2","MTTNT_NUS-NGV_2","MTTNT_NUS-NGY_2","MTTNT_NUS-NHA_2","MTTNT_NUS-NHO_2","MTTNT_NUS-NHK_2","MTTNT_NUS-NHU_2","MTTNT_NUS-NIC_2","MTTNTUSIN2","MTTNTUSID2","MTTNT_NUS-NEI_2","MTTNT_NUS-NIS_2","MTTNTUSIT2","MTTNT_NUS-NIV_2","MTTNTUSJM2","MTTNTUSJA2","MTTNT_NUS-NJO_2","MTTNT_NUS-NKZ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NKE_2","MTTNTUSKS2","MTTNT_NUS-NKT_2","MTTNT_NUS-NKG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NLG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NLE_2","MTTNT_NUS-NLI_2","MTTNT_NUS-NLH_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMC_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMK_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMA_2","MTTNTUSMY2","MTTNT_NUS-NMV_2","MTTNT_NUS-NML_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMT_2","MTTNT_NUS-NRM_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMR_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMP_2","MTTNTUSMX2","MTTNT_NUS-NFM_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMQ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMN_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMD_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMG_2","M_EP00_IMN_NUS-NMJ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMH_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMO_2","MTTNT_NUS-NMZ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NWA_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNP_2","MTTNTUSNL2","MTTNTUSNA2","MTTNT_NUS-NNC_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNZ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNU_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNE_2","MTTNTUSNO2","MTTNTUSMU2","MTTNT_NUS-NPK_2","MTTNTUSPM2","MTTNT_NUS-NPP_2","MTTNT_NUS-NPF_2","MTTNT_NUS-NPA_2","MTTNTUSPE2","MTTNT_NUS-NRP_2","MTTNT_NUS-NPL_2","MTTNT_NUS-NPO_2","MTTNTUSRQ2","MTTNTUSRO2","MTTNT_NUS-NRS_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSC_2","MTTNT_NUS-NST_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSB_2","MTTNT_NUS-NVC_2","MTTNT_NUS-NWS_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSM_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NYI_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSL_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSN_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSK_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSI_2","MTTNT_NUS-NSF_2","MTTNTUSSP2","MTTNT_NUS-NPG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NCE_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNS_2","MTTNT_NUS-NWZ_2","MTTNTUSSW2","MTTNT_NUS-NSZ_2","MTTNTUSSY2","MTTNTUSTW2","MTTNT_NUS-NTZ_2","MTTNTUSTH2","MTTNT_NUS-NTO_2","MTTNT_NUS-NTN_2","MTTNTUSTD2","MTTNT_NUS-NTS_2","MTTNTUSTU2","MTTNT_NUS-NTX_2","MTTNT_NUS-NTK_2","MTTNT_NUS-NUG_2","MTTNT_NUS-NUR_2","MTTNTUSUK2","MTTNT_NUS-NUY_2","MTTNT_NUS-NUZ_2","MTTNT_NUS-NNH_2","MTTNT_NUS-NVM_2","MTTNT_NUS-NVI_2","MTTNTUSVQ2","MTTNTUSYE2","MTTNT_NUS-NYO_2","MTTNTUSWW2"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduced lignin content" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" 6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_impcp_a2_r30_ep00_ip0_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_impcp_a2_r30_ep00_ip0_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 9:12:12 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports" "Sourcekey","MTTIPP31","MTTIPP3PG1","MTTIP_R30-ME0_1","MTTIPP3AG1","MTTIPP3AO1","MTTIPP3EC1","MTTIP_R30-NIZ_1","MTTIPP3KU1","MTTIP_R30-NLY_1","MTTIPP3NI1","MTTIP_R30-NQA_1","MTTIPP3SA1","MTTIPP3TC1","MTTIPP3VE1","MTTIPP3VV1","MTTIP_R30-NAL_1","MTTIPP3AR1","MTTIP_R30-NAA_1","MTTIPP3AS1","MTTIP_R30-NAU_1","MTTIP_R30-NAJ_1","MTTIP_R30-NBF_1","MTTIP_R30-NBA_1","MTTIP_R30-NBO_1","MTTIPP3BE1","MTTIP_R30-NBH_1","MTTIP_R30-NBN_1","MTTIP_R30-NBL_1","MTTIP_R30-NBR_1","MTTIP_R30-NBX_1","MTTIP_R30-NBU_1","MTTIP_R30-NBM_1","MTTIP_R30-NCM_1","MTTIPP3CA1","MTTIP_R30-NCD_1","MTTIP_R30-NCI_1","MTTIP_R30-NCH_1","MTTIPP3CO1","MTTIPP3CF1","MTTIPP3CG1","MTTIP_R30-NCW_1","MTTIP_R30-NCS_1","MTTIP_R30-NHR_1","MTTIP_R30-NCY_1","MTTIP_R30-NCZ_1","MTTIP_R30-NDA_1","MTTIPP3EG1","MTTIP_R30-NES_1","MTTIP_R30-NEK_1","MTTIP_R30-NEN_1","MTTIP_R30-NFI_1","MTTIPP3FR1","MTTIPP3GB1","MTTIP_R30-NGG_1","MTTIP_R30-NGM_1","MTTIP_R30-NGH_1","MTTIP_R30-NGR_1","MTTIP_R30-NGT_1","MTTIP_R30-NGV_1","MTTIP_R30-NHU_1","MTTIP_R30-NIN_1","MTTIPP3ID1","MTTIP_R30-NEI_1","MTTIP_R30-NIS_1","MTTIPP3IT1","MTTIP_R30-NIV_1","MTTIP_R30-NJM_1","MTTIP_R30-NJA_1","MTTIP_R30-NKZ_1","MTTIPP3KS1","MTTIP_R30-NKG_1","MTTIP_R30-NLG_1","MTTIP_R30-NLI_1","MTTIP_R30-NLH_1","MTTIP_R30-NMY_1","MTTIP_R30-NMT_1","MTTIP_R30-NMR_1","MTTIPP3MX1","MTTIP_R30-NMQ_1","MTTIP_R30-NMO_1","MTTIP_R30-NNL_1","MTTIPP3NA1","MTTIP_R30-NNZ_1","MTTIPP3NO1","MTTIP_R30-NMU_1","MTTIP_R30-NPK_1","MTTIP_R30-NPM_1","MTTIP_R30-NPP_1","MTTIP_R30-NPE_1","MTTIP_R30-NRP_1","MTTIP_R30-NPL_1","MTTIP_R30-NPO_1","MTTIP_R30-NPZ_1","MTTIP_R30-NRO_1","MTTIP_R30-NRS_1","MTTIP_R30-NSN_1","MTTIP_R30-NSK_1","MTTIP_R30-NSF_1","MTTIPP3SP1","MTTIPP3SW1","MTTIP_R30-NSZ_1","MTTIPP3SY1","MTTIP_R30-NTW_1","MTTIPP3TH1","MTTIP_R30-NTO_1","MTTIPP3TD1","MTTIP_R30-NTS_1","MTTIP_R30-NTU_1","MTTIP_R30-NTX_1","MTTIP_R30-NUR_1","MTTIPP3UK1","MTTIP_R30-NUY_1","MTTIP_R30-NUZ_1","MTTIP_R30-NVM_1","MTTIPP3VQ1","MTTIPP3YE1"

482

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" 2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_expc_a_ep00_eex_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_expc_a_ep00_eex_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 7:29:07 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Total Crude Oil and Products Exports by Destination" "Sourcekey","MTTEXUS1","MTTEX_NUS-NAF_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAL_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAG_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAN_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAO_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAV_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAC_1","MTTEXAR1","MTTEX_NUS-NAE_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAA_1","MTTEXAS1","MTTEX_NUS-NAU_1","MTTEX_NUS-NAJ_1","MTTEXBF1","MTTEXBA1","MTTEX_NUS-NBB_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBO_1","MTTEXBE1","MTTEX_NUS-NBH_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBN_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBL_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBK_1","MTTEXBR1","MTTEX_NUS-NBX_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBU_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBM_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBD_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCB_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCM_1","MTTEXCA1","MTTEX_NUS-NCJ_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCD_1","MTTEXCI1","MTTEXCH1","MTTEXCO1","MTTEX_NUS-NCF_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCG_1","MTTEXCS1","MTTEX_NUS-NHR_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCY_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCZ_1","MTTEXDA1","MTTEX_NUS-NDJ_1","MTTEXDO1","M_EP00_EEX_NUS-NDR_1","MTTEXEC1","MTTEXEG1","MTTEXES1","MTTEX_NUS-NEK_1","MTTEX_NUS-NER_1","MTTEX_NUS-NEN_1","MTTEX_NUS-NET_1","MTTEX_NUS-NFJ_1","MTTEXFI1","MTTEXFR1","MTTEX_NUS-NFG_1","MTTEXFP1","MTTEX_NUS-NGB_1","MTTEX_NUS-NGG_1","MTTEXBZ1","MTTEXGH1","MTTEX_NUS-NGI_1","MTTEXGR1","MTTEX_NUS-NGL_1","MTTEX_NUS-NGJ_1","M_EP00_EEX_NUS-NGP_1","MTTEXGT1","MTTEX_NUS-NGV_1","MTTEX_NUS-NGY_1","MTTEX_NUS-NHA_1","MTTEXHO1","MTTEXHK1","MTTEX_NUS-NHU_1","MTTEX_NUS-NIC_1","MTTEXIN1","MTTEXID1","MTTEX_NUS-NIR_1","MTTEX_NUS-NIZ_1","MTTEXEI1","MTTEXIS1","MTTEXIT1","MTTEX_NUS-NIV_1","MTTEXJM1","MTTEXJA1","MTTEX_NUS-NJO_1","MTTEX_NUS-NKZ_1","MTTEX_NUS-NKE_1","MTTEXKS1","MTTEX_NUS-NKN_1","MTTEX_NUS-NKG_1","MTTEX_NUS-NKT_1","MTTEX_NUS-NKU_1","MTTEX_NUS-NLG_1","MTTEX_NUS-NLE_1","MTTEX_NUS-NLI_1","MTTEX_NUS-NLY_1","MTTEX_NUS-NLH_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMC_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMK_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMA_1","MTTEXMY1","MTTEX_NUS-NMV_1","MTTEX_NUS-NML_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMT_1","MTTEX_NUS-NRM_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMR_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMP_1","MTTEXMX1","MTTEX_NUS-NFM_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMQ_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMD_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMN_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMG_1","M_EP00_EEX_NUS-NMJ_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMH_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMO_1","MTTEX_NUS-NMZ_1","MTTEX_NUS-NWA_1","MTTEX_NUS-NNP_1","MTTEXNL1","MTTEXNA1","MTTEX_NUS-NNC_1","MTTEXNZ1","MTTEX_NUS-NNU_1","MTTEX_NUS-NNG_1","MTTEXNI1","MTTEX_NUS-NNE_1","MTTEXNO1","MTTEX_NUS-NMU_1","MTTEX_NUS-NPK_1","MTTEXPM1","MTTEX_NUS-NPP_1","MTTEX_NUS-NPF_1","MTTEX_NUS-NPA_1","MTTEXPE1","MTTEXRP1","MTTEXPL1","MTTEXPO1","MTTEXRQ1","MTTEX_NUS-NQA_1","MTTEX_NUS-NRO_1","MTTEX_NUS-NRS_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSC_1","MTTEX_NUS-NST_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSB_1","MTTEX_NUS-NVC_1","MTTEX_NUS-NWS_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSM_1","MTTEXSA1","MTTEX_NUS-NSG_1","MTTEX_NUS-NYI_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSE_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSL_1","MTTEXSN1","MTTEX_NUS-NSK_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSI_1","MTTEX_NUS-NBP_1","MTTEXSF1","MTTEXSP1","MTTEX_NUS-NPG_1","MTTEX_NUS-NCE_1","MTTEX_NUS-NSU_1","MTTEXNS1","MTTEX_NUS-NWZ_1","MTTEXSW1","MTTEXSZ1","MTTEX_NUS-NSY_1","MTTEXTW1","MTTEX_NUS-NTZ_1","MTTEXTH1","MTTEX_NUS-NTN_1","MTTEX_NUS-NTO_1","MTTEXTD1","MTTEX_NUS-NTS_1","MTTEXTU1","MTTEX_NUS-NTX_1","MTTEX_NUS-NTK_1","MTTEX_NUS-NUG_1","MTTEX_NUS-NUR_1","MTTEXTC1","MTTEXUK1","MTTEXUY1","MTTEX_NUS-NUZ_1","MTTEX_NUS-NNH_1","MTTEXVE1","MTTEX_NUS-NVM_1","MTTEX_NUS-NVI_1","MTTEXVQ1","MTTEX_NUS-NYE_1","MTTEXYO1","MTTEX_NUS-NZA_1"

483

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1981" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_impcp_a2_r10_ep00_ip0_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_impcp_a2_r10_ep00_ip0_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 9:03:09 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: East Coast (PADD 1) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports" "Sourcekey","MTTIPP11","MTTIPP1PG1","MTTIP_R10-ME0_1","MTTIPP1AG1","MTTIPP1AO1","MTTIPP1EC1","MTTIP_R10-NIZ_1","MTTIP_R10-NKU_1","MTTIP_R10-NLY_1","MTTIPP1NI1","MTTIP_R10-NQA_1","MTTIPP1SA1","MTTIP_R10-NTC_1","MTTIPP1VE1","MTTIPP1VV1","MTTIP_R10-NAR_1","MTTIP_R10-NAA_1","MTTIP_R10-NAS_1","MTTIP_R10-NAU_1","MTTIP_R10-NAJ_1","MTTIPP1BF1","MTTIP_R10-NBA_1","MTTIP_R10-NBB_1","MTTIP_R10-NBO_1","MTTIP_R10-NBE_1","MTTIPP1BR1","MTTIP_R10-NBX_1","MTTIP_R10-NBU_1","MTTIPP1CM1","MTTIPP1CA1","MTTIP_R10-NCD_1","MTTIP_R10-NCI_1","MTTIP_R10-NCH_1","MTTIPP1CO1","MTTIP_R10-NCF_1","MTTIPP1CG1","MTTIP_R10-NCS_1","MTTIP_R10-NHR_1","MTTIP_R10-NCY_1","MTTIP_R10-NDA_1","MTTIP_R10-NDR_1","MTTIPP1EG1","MTTIP_R10-NES_1","MTTIP_R10-NEK_1","MTTIP_R10-NEN_1","MTTIP_R10-NFI_1","MTTIPP1FR1","MTTIPP1GB1","MTTIP_R10-NGG_1","MTTIPP1BZ1","MTTIP_R10-NGH_1","MTTIP_R10-NGI_1","MTTIP_R10-NGR_1","MTTIP_R10-NGT_1","MTTIP_R10-NGV_1","MTTIP_R10-NHK_1","MTTIP_R10-NHU_1","MTTIP_R10-NIN_1","MTTIP_R10-NID_1","MTTIP_R10-NEI_1","MTTIP_R10-NIS_1","MTTIPP1IT1","MTTIP_R10-NIV_1","MTTIP_R10-NJM_1","MTTIPP1JA1","MTTIP_R10-NKZ_1","MTTIP_R10-NKS_1","MTTIP_R10-NKG_1","MTTIP_R10-NLG_1","MTTIP_R10-NLI_1","MTTIP_R10-NLH_1","MTTIP_R10-NMY_1","MTTIP_R10-NMT_1","MTTIP_R10-NMR_1","MTTIPP1MX1","MTTIP_R10-NMO_1","MTTIP_R10-NWA_1","MTTIPP1NL1","MTTIPP1NA1","MTTIP_R10-NNE_1","MTTIPP1NO1","MTTIP_R10-NMU_1","MTTIP_R10-NPK_1","MTTIP_R10-NPM_1","MTTIP_R10-NPE_1","MTTIP_R10-NRP_1","MTTIP_R10-NPL_1","MTTIP_R10-NPO_1","MTTIPP1RQ1","MTTIP_R10-NRO_1","MTTIP_R10-NRS_1","MTTIP_R10-NSG_1","MTTIP_R10-NSN_1","MTTIP_R10-NSF_1","MTTIPP1SP1","MTTIP_R10-NWZ_1","MTTIP_R10-NSW_1","MTTIP_R10-NSZ_1","MTTIP_R10-NSY_1","MTTIP_R10-NTW_1","MTTIP_R10-NTH_1","MTTIP_R10-NTO_1","MTTIPP1TD1","MTTIP_R10-NTS_1","MTTIP_R10-NTU_1","MTTIP_R10-NTX_1","MTTIP_R10-NUR_1","MTTIPP1UK1","MTTIP_R10-NUY_1","MTTIP_R10-NVM_1","MTTIPP1VQ1","MTTIP_R10-NYE_1"

484

TABLE OF CONTENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………………...…...i List of Tables……………………………………………………………………………………….....ii

Ingleside Tx; Base Realignment

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN ASSESSMENT FOR THE CO-FIRING OF BIO-REFINERY SUPPLIED LIGNIN PROJECT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The major aspects of this project are proceeding toward completion. Prior to this quarter, design criteria, tentative site selection, facility layout, and preliminary facility cost estimates were completed and issued. Processing of bio-solids was completed, providing material for the pilot operations. Pilot facility design, equipment selection, and modification were completed during the fourth quarter of 2000. Initial pilot facility shakedown was completed. After some unavoidable delays, a suitable representative supply of MSW feed material was procured. During this first quarter of 2001, shredding of the feed material and final feed conditioning were completed. Pilot facility hydrolysis production was completed to produce lignin for co-fire testing and the lignin fuel was washed and dewatered. Both the lignin and bio-solids fuel materials for co-fire testing were sent to the co-fire facility (EERC) for evaluation and co-firing. EERC has received coal typical of the fuel to the TVA-Colbert boilers. This material will be used at EERC as baseline material and for mixing with the bio-fuel for combustion testing. EERC combustion testing of the bio-based fuels is scheduled to begin in October of 2001. The TVA-Colbert facility has neared completion of the task to evaluate co-location of the Masada facility on the operation of the power generation facility. The TVA-Colbert fossil plant is fully capable of providing a reliable steam supply. The preferred steam supply connection points and steam pipeline routing have been identified. The environmental review of the pipeline routing has been completed and no major impacts have been identified. Detailed assessment of steam export impacts on the Colbert boiler system have been completed and a cost estimate for steam supply system was completed. The cost estimate and the output and heat rate impacts will be used to determine a preliminary price for the exported steam.

Ted Berglund; Jeffrey T. Ranney; Carol L. Babb; Jacqueline G. Broder

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Catalytic Hydrothermal Gasification of Lignin-Rich Biorefinery Residues and Algae Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the results of the work performed by PNNL using feedstock materials provided by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, KL Energy and Lignol lignocellulosic ethanol pilot plants. Test results with algae feedstocks provided by Genifuel, which provided in-kind cost share to the project, are also included. The work conducted during this project involved developing and demonstrating on the bench-scale process technology at PNNL for catalytic hydrothermal gasification of lignin-rich biorefinery residues and algae. A technoeconomic assessment evaluated the use of the technology for energy recovery in a lignocellulosic ethanol plant.

Elliott, Douglas C.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.; Hart, Todd R.; Rotness, Leslie J.; Zacher, Alan H.; Santosa, Daniel M.; Valkenburg, Corinne; Jones, Susanne B.; Tjokro Rahardjo, Sandra A.

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

487

Continuous On-Line Measurement of Lignin Concentration in Wood Pulp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We are working toward the development of an instrument for the continuous, on-line measurement of the lignin concentration in wood pulp. The instrument is based on laser induced fluorescence of the wood pulp and is to be used as a primary sensor for both feedback control of the pulping and feedforward control of bleaching. We report here the results of a series of laboratory tests that characterized the fluorescence properties of wood pulp and demonstrated a correlation between various fluorescence functions and the Kappa number of the pulps as determined by TAPPI Procedure T236.

Jeffers, L. A.; Roman, G. W.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Molecular characterization of the lignin-forming peroxidase: Role in growth, development and response to stress  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This laboratory has continued its comprehensive study of the structure and function of plant peroxidases and their genes. Specifically, we are characterizing the anionic peroxidase of tobacco. During the past year we have completed the nucleotide sequence of the tobacco anionic peroxidase gene, joined the anionic peroxidase promoter to [Beta]-glucuronidase and demonstrated expression in transformed plants, measured lignin, auxin, and ethylene levels in transgenic tobacco plants over-expressing the anionic peroxidase, developed chimeric peroxidase genes to over-or under-express the anionic peroxidase in tissue specific manner in transgenic plants, and over-expressed the tobacco anionic peroxidase in transgenic tomato and sweetgum plants.

Lagrimini, L.M.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Kinetic Study of the Acid Degradation of Lignin Model Compound Intermediates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignin is a major constituent of biomass, which remains underutilized in selective biomass conversion strategies to renewable fuels and chemicals. Here we are interested in understanding the mechanisms related to the acid deconstruction of lignin with a combined theoretical and experimental approach. Two model dimers with a b-O-4 aryl ether linkage (2-phenoxy-1-phenethanol and 2-phenoxy-1-phenyl-1,3 propanediol) were synthesized and deconstructed in H2SO4. The major products of the acidolysis of the b-O-4 compounds consisted of phenol and two aldehydes, phenylacetaldehyde and benzaldehyde. Quantum mechanical calculations were employed to elucidate possible deconstruction mechanisms with transition state theory. To confirm the proposed mechanisms a kentic study of several possible intermediates was done under similar acidolysis conditions. Epoxystyrene and 1-phenyl-1,2-ethandiol were used as intermediates. 2-phenoxyvinylbenzene was synthesized and subsequently deconstructed in H2SO4. The kinetics and product distribution of these intermediates were then used in confirming our proposed mechanisms.

Sturgeon, M.; Kim, S.; Chmely, S. C.; Foust, T. D.; Beckham, G. T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Reduce Stress!  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stress! Stress! x Take a break every hour. Do some relaxation or stretching exercises or talk with someone about topics unrelated to work. Give your body and mind a rest. x Massage your hands and forearms several times a day with a vitamin E lotion. The massage will improve circulation and break up adhesions. Since you can't touch a keyboard until the lotion is absorbed, it also enforces a good break. x Massage the muscles in your neck working your way down from the skull to the shoulders, applying more force to the larger muscles as you go down. x Periodically evaluate your environment for ways to reduce stress. Try to keep your desk uncluttered so you can always find things. Make sure programs are set up correctly on the computer, and see if you can use a macro program to reduce

491

Latina Web Content Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Digital Divide he Latina Web Content (LWC) studyavailable via the web, thus it may seem implausible toof minority users and web content has been documented (

Salinas, Romelia

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Conceptual design assessment for the co-firing of bio-refinery supplied lignin project. Quarterly report, June 23--July 1, 2000  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Conceptual Design Assessment for the Co-Firing of Bio-Refinery Supplied Lignin Project was successfully kicked off on July 23, 2000 during a meeting at the TVA-PPI facility in Muscle Shoals, AL. An initial timeline for the study was distributed, issues of concern were identified and a priority actions list was developed. Next steps include meeting with NETL to discuss de-watering and lignin fuel testing, the development of the mass balance model and ethanol facility design criteria, providing TVA-Colbert with preliminary lignin fuel analysis and the procurement of representative feed materials for the pilot and bench scale testing of the hydrolysis process.

Berglund, T.; Ranney, J.T.; Babb, C.L.

2000-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

493

Mechanisms of Lignin Biosynthesis During Xylogenesis in Zinnia elegans. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The original plan for this project was to use Zinnia elegans and its xylogenic cell differentiation system to dissect the role(s) played in lignin deposition by the three classes of laccases (p-diphenoloxidases) the authors had previously detected in zinnia stem extracts. The project, was broadly divided into two general areas--biochemistry/enzymology and molecular biology/genetic engineering--each of which was pursued by one of two graduate students. As noted in the attached publication list, DOE funding for this project facilitated the publication of five (5) research papers, and two (2) more papers slated for peer-review publication are currently nearing completion. In addition, our research results were presented at nine(9) national and international scientific meetings over the past four years. Some of the major findings reported in theses papers and presentations are summarized.

Eriksson, Karl-Erik L.; Dean, Jeffrey F.D.

1999-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

494

Waste Minimization Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About the 1996 International Symposium on Extraction and Processing for the Treatment and Minimization of Wastes: Waste Minimization Contents ...

495

Table of Contents  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COMMUNICATIONS REQUIREMENTS OF SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES October 5, 2010 i Table of Contents I. Introduction and Executive Summary......

496

Towards a detailed understanding of the structural variability in lignins: A new approach. Progress report, April 1991--June 1993  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This reporting period witnessed a number of exciting and important breakthroughs in the study of lignin synthesis in plants and resulted in a significant deviation from the work plan originally proposed. Taken together, the authors` results reveal an emerging picture of a highly ordered assembly of the lignin polymer at the plasma membrane/cell-wall interface, in contrast to original considerations projecting a random series of coupling reactions. The Progress Report is divided into two sections: the first section reflects the interlocking research completed to date in the laboratories of N.G. Lewis and G.H.N. Towers. In the broadest sense, the Lewis group has focused mainly on woody plants, whereas the Towers laboratory examined similar processes in cereals/grasses. The second section compiles published work, a summary of manuscripts in preparation, and work currently underway for year three of the existing grant.

Lewis, N.G.; Towers, G.H.N.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

497

Table of Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table of Contents. A, B. 1, USGCB Settings. 2, This spreadsheet captures the USGCB defined configuration settings. 3, Tab Name, Tab Description. ...

2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

498

Personalized Academic Content Recommendation  

documents they have written that are publicly available on the internet. The content of these documents is then mined to determine the author's interests.

499

table of contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P. Majewski, G. Boenicke, and F. Aldinger. Effect of Lead Content on Phase Evolution and Microstructural Development in Ag-Clad Bi-2223 Composite ...

500

c. content director  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seeking approval and/or informing the Board of content development and ... Present oral and written reports to the Board of Directors on the status of those.