National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for reduced ancillary service

  1. Ancillary services market in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez, Tomas; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal; Liew, Lucy; Khavkin, Mark

    1999-01-01

    on the Operation of the Ancillary Services Markets of theOperator (CAISO). 1999. Ancillary Service Market RedesignMethodology for AGC Ancillary Services Markets. Paper

  2. GE Energy Management Ancillary Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GE Energy Management Ancillary Services Definitions and Capability Study Part 1, Tasks 1-2, FinalRose Michael O'Connor Sundar Venkataraman Revision 1 Date: 12/19/2012 #12;Ancillary Services Definitions.................................................................................................................... 7 3.1 Task 1: Identify and define ancillary services needed for integration of new generation

  3. Competitive ancillary service procurement in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Khavkin, Mark

    2000-01-01

    Competitive Ancillary Service Procurement in CaliforniaISO System Responsibility Balanced Schedules Ancillary BidsEnergy Ancillary Bids Transmission Loads Generation Bids

  4. Ancillary services market in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez, Tomas; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal; Liew, Lucy; Khavkin, Mark

    1999-01-01

    www.caiso.com). California Power Exchange. 1998. PX Primer:Source: California Power Exchange) . 2 CaliforniaControl Automated Power Exchange Ancillary Service Balancing

  5. GE Energy Management Ancillary Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GE Energy Management Ancillary Services Definitions and Capability Study Part 2, Tasks 3-4, Final Online Wind Plants & Frequency Responsive Load Reserves

  6. Demand Response for Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alkadi, Nasr E; Starke, Michael R

    2013-01-01

    Many demand response resources are technically capable of providing ancillary services. In some cases, they can provide superior response to generators, as the curtailment of load is typically much faster than ramping thermal and hydropower plants. Analysis and quantification of demand response resources providing ancillary services is necessary to understand the resources economic value and impact on the power system. Methodologies used to study grid integration of variable generation can be adapted to the study of demand response. In the present work, we describe and illustrate a methodology to construct detailed temporal and spatial representations of the demand response resource and to examine how to incorporate those resources into power system models. In addition, the paper outlines ways to evaluate barriers to implementation. We demonstrate how the combination of these three analyses can be used to translate the technical potential for demand response providing ancillary services into a realizable potential.

  7. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01

    for Future Procurement of Ancillary Services. Prepared byThe Performance of the Ancillary Services Markets, NationalProcedure: Frequency Control Ancillary Services. Document

  8. Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Jason

    2014-01-01

    P. Barooah, and S. Meyn. "Ancillary service for the grid viaet al. "Demand Response for Ancillary Services." (2013): 1-8Demand Response Providing Ancillary Services: A Comparison

  9. Demand Response Providing Ancillary Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Demand Response Providing Ancillary Services: A Comparison of Opportunities and Challenges in US to operate (likely price takers) ­ Statistical reliability (property of large aggregations of small resources size based on Mid-Atlantic Reserve Zone #12;Market Rules: Resource Size Min. Size (MW) Aggregation

  10. Ancillary Services Provided from DER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campbell, J.B.

    2005-12-21

    Distributed energy resources (DER) are quickly making their way to industry primarily as backup generation. They are effective at starting and then producing full-load power within a few seconds. The distribution system is aging and transmission system development has not kept up with the growth in load and generation. The nation's transmission system is stressed with heavy power flows over long distances, and many areas are experiencing problems in providing the power quality needed to satisfy customers. Thus, a new market for DER is beginning to emerge. DER can alleviate the burden on the distribution system by providing ancillary services while providing a cost adjustment for the DER owner. This report describes 10 types of ancillary services that distributed generation (DG) can provide to the distribution system. Of these 10 services the feasibility, control strategy, effectiveness, and cost benefits are all analyzed as in the context of a future utility-power market. In this market, services will be provided at a local level that will benefit the customer, the distribution utility, and the transmission company.

  11. Demand Response for Ancillary Services

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Methodologies used to study grid integration of variable generation can be adapted to the study of demand response. In the present work, we describe and implement a methodology to construct detailed temporal and spatial representations of demand response resources and to incorporate those resources into power system models. In addition, the paper outlines ways to evaluate barriers to implementation. We demonstrate how the combination of these three analyses can be used to assess economic value of the realizable potential of demand response for ancillary services.

  12. Load Participation in Ancillary Services Workshop Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirby, Brendan; O'Malley, Mark; Ma, Ookie; Cappers, Peter; Corbus, Dave; Kiliccote, Sila; Onar, Omer; Starke, Michael; Steinberg, Dan

    2011-10-25

    Developing load participation in ancillary services to the electric grid. Challenges: coordination among multiple entities, targeted R&D for market conditions and regulatory and policy environments.

  13. ENERNOC Load Participation in Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breidenbaugh, Aaron

    2011-10-25

    Report on EnerNOC. Description of their demand response for ancillary services in wholesale markets, bilateral programs, and lessons learned. NYISO experience.

  14. Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Jason

    2014-01-01

    and Communications for Demand Response and Energy EfficiencyM. Hummon et al. "Demand Response for Ancillary Services." (and S. Kiliccote. 2012. “Demand Response Providing Ancillary

  15. Market and Policy Barriers for Demand Response Providing Ancillary Services in U.S. Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services. November 2009.Demand Response Providing Ancillary Services. Presented atManual 11: Energy & Ancillary Services Market Operations.

  16. Open Automated Demand Response Communications in Demand Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila

    2010-01-01

    Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services Sila Kiliccote,Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services Sila Kiliccotedemand response, OpenADR, ancillary services Abstract The

  17. Spot pricing of electricity and ancillary services in a competitive California market.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Khavkin, Mark

    2000-01-01

    o Liew, and M. Khavkin 1999, Ancillary Services Markets inVolatility in the California Ancillary Services Mar- kets:of Electricity and Ancillary Services in a Competitive

  18. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    2005. Eltra’s Need for Ancillary Services and RegulatingRegulating Reserves and Ancillary Services. Technical Part.Warwick, UK. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of

  19. Load Participation in Ancillary Services Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Load Participation in Ancillary Services Workshop was held October 25-26, 2011, in Washington, DC. This U.S. Department of Energy workshop was attended by members of the electric power industry, researchers, and policy makers. The results of the workshop informed the Demand Response and Energy Storage Study.

  20. Demand Response and Ancillary Services September 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demand Response and Ancillary Services September 2008 #12;© 2008 EnerNOC, Inc. All Rights Reserved programs The purpose of this presentation is to offer insight into the mechanics of demand response and industrial demand response resources across North America in both regulated and restructured markets As of 6

  1. Competitive Acquisition of Prioritizable Capacity-Based Ancillary Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the competitive procurement of capacity-based ancillary services (AS) in unbundled markets by the Independent Grid integrate the markets for ancillary services into the wholesale electricity market through the formulation1 Competitive Acquisition of Prioritizable Capacity-Based Ancillary Services Gianfranco Chicco

  2. Integrated System Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Western Area Power Administration Basin Electric Power Cooperative Heartland Consumers Power District 1 Integrated System Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation...

  3. Integrated System Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    System Transmission and Ancillary Services 2013 Rate True-up Calculation Western Area Power Administration Basin Electric Power Cooperative Heartland Consumers Power District 1...

  4. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01

    Control Automated Power Exchange Ancillary Services BritishAustralia) U.K. Power Exchange viii Executive Summary Ins first multinational power exchange. Nord Pool operates

  5. Opportunities for Mass Market Demand Response to Provide Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pratt, Rob; Najewicz, Dave

    2011-10-01

    Discusses what is meant by mass market demand response to provide ancillary services and outlines opportunities for adoption, and barriers to adoption.

  6. Using Dimmable Lighting for Regulation Capacity and Non-Spinning Reserves in the Ancillary Services Market. A Feasibility Study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinstein, Francis

    2011-01-01

    EIA LBNL NRC Analog to Digital Ancillary Services Californiafor Non-AGC Units Providing Ancillary Services, http://Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services”. LBNL-2945E

  7. Gaps in Ancillary Services among HIV-infected Substance Using Ryan-White Recipients in Los Angeles County

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dierst-Davies, Rhodri David

    2015-01-01

    individuals' receipt of ancillary services and medical careR. (2009). More than ancillary: HIV social services,K. (2002). The impact of ancillary services on primary care

  8. Field Testing of Automated Demand Response for Integration of Renewable Resources in California's Ancillary Services Market for Regulation Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila

    2013-01-01

    the Market Report for PJM: Ancillary Service Markets. 2010Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services", Grid—Kintner—Meyer, Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of

  9. Flexibility of Commercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2013-01-01

    controlled loads for ancillary services,” in Proc. PSCC,P. Barooah, and S. Meyn, “Ancillary service for the grid viaBuilding HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart Grid Mehdi

  10. Load Participation in Ancillary Services System from An Operator Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kujawski, Don; Petri, Mark C.

    2011-10-25

    Ancillary services as defined by FERC (Order 888) distinguished by response time, duration, frequency. Met when DR has capability to balance supply and demand; and LMP payment to DR is cost effective.

  11. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heffner, Grayson; Goldman, Charles; Kintner-Meyer, Michael

    2007-05-01

    In this study, we examine the arrangements for and experiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in five electricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordic market, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objective in undertaking this review of international experience was to identify specific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads to effectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hope that this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S. and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments are needed to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in all wholesale electricity markets.

  12. Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacDonald, Jason; Kiliccote, Sila; Boch, Jim; Chen, Jonathan; Nawy, Robert

    2014-06-27

    The adoption of low carbon energy technologies such as variable renewable energy and electric vehicles, coupled with the efficacy of energy efficiency to reduce traditional base load has increased the uncertainty inherent in the net load shape. Handling this variability with slower, traditional resources leads to inefficient system dispatch, and in some cases may compromise reliability. Grid operators are looking to future energy technologies, such as automated demand response (DR), to provide capacity-based reliability services as the need for these services increase. While DR resources are expected to have the flexibility characteristics operators are looking for, demonstrations are necessary to build confidence in their capabilities. Additionally, building owners are uncertain of the monetary value and operational burden of providing these services. To address this, the present study demonstrates the ability of demand response resources providing two ancillary services in the PJM territory, synchronous reserve and regulation, using an OpenADR 2.0b signaling architecture. The loads under control include HVAC and lighting at a big box retail store and variable frequency fan loads. The study examines performance characteristics of the resource: the speed of response, communications latencies in the architecture, and accuracy of response. It also examines the frequency and duration of events and the value in the marketplace which can be used to examine if the opportunity is sufficient to entice building owners to participate.

  13. Efficient bidding for hydro power plants in markets for energy and ancillary services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perekhodtsev, Dmitri

    2006-01-01

    In order to preserve stability of electricity supply generators must provide ancillary services in addition to energy production. Hydroelectric resources have significant ancillary service capability because of their dynamic ...

  14. Market and Policy Barriers for Demand Response Providing Ancillary Services in U.S. Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Wholesale Electricity Demand Response Program Comparison,J. (2009) Open Automated Demand Response Communicationsin Demand Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services.

  15. Flexibility of Commercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2013-01-01

    Efficient Building Control Systems, Smart Grid and AircraftCommercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart

  16. Market and Policy Barriers for Demand Response Providing Ancillary Services

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In this study, we attempt to provide a comprehensive examination of various market and policy barriers to demand response providing ancillary services in both ISO/RTO and non-ISO/RTO regions, especially at the program provider level. It is useful to classify barriers in order to create a holistic understanding and identify parties that could be responsible for their removal. This study develops a typology of barriers focusing on smaller customers that must rely on a program provider (i.e., electric investor owned utility or IOU, ARC) to create an aggregated DR resource in order to bring ancillary services to the balancing authority. The barriers were identified through examinations of regulatory structures, market environments, and product offerings; and discussions with industry stakeholders and regulators.

  17. A Generalized Battery Model of a Collection of Thermostatically Controlled Loads for Providing Ancillary Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanandaji, Borhan M.

    Ancillary Service He Hao, Borhan M. Sanandaji, Kameshwar Poolla, and Tyrone L. Vincent Abstract for providing various ancillary services to the grid. In this work, we study aggregate modeling, and uncontrollability of renewable resources. To ensure the func- tionality and reliability of the grid, more ancillary

  18. Asynchronous Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources for the Provisioning of Ancillary Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadjicostis, Christoforos

    Asynchronous Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources for the Provisioning of Ancillary provisioning of ancillary services in power grids. First, we consider and analyze a protocol that can be used it towards energy resource provisioning of ancillary services in a power grid. I. INTRODUCTION The presence

  19. Demand Response Resources for Energy and Ancillary Services (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hummon, M.

    2014-04-01

    Demand response (DR) resources present a potentially important source of grid flexibility particularly on future systems with high penetrations of variable wind an solar power generation. However, DR in grid models is limited by data availability and modeling complexity. This presentation focuses on the co-optimization of DR resources to provide energy and ancillary services in a production cost model of the Colorado test system. We assume each DR resource can provide energy services by either shedding load or shifting its use between different times, as well as operating

  20. Ancillary Services in the United States: Independent System Operator (ISO) Perspective (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, J.

    2013-05-01

    The presentation provides an overview of how increasing penetrations of variable renewable energy on the electricity grid are impacting ancillary services markets in the United States.

  1. Session 3: Impact on U.S. Ancillary Services Markets from Variable Renewable Energy (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, J.

    2013-05-01

    The presentation provides an overview of how increasing penetrations of variable renewable energy on the electricity grid are impacting ancillary services markets in the United States.

  2. Effective Ancillary Services Market Designs on High Wind Power Penetration Systems: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ela, E.; Kirby, B.; Navid, N.; Smith, J. C.

    2011-12-01

    This paper focuses on how the ancillary service market designs are implemented and how they may require changes on systems with greater penetrations of variable renewable energy suppliers, in particular wind power. Ancillary services markets have been developed in many of the restructured power system regions throughout the world. Ancillary services include the services that support the provision of energy to support power system reliability. The ancillary services markets are tied tightly to the design of the energy market and to the physics of the system and therefore careful consideration of power system economics and engineering must be considered in their design. This paper focuses on how the ancillary service market designs are implemented and how they may require changes on systems with greater penetrations of variable renewable energy suppliers, in particular wind power.

  3. Analysis of wind power ancillary services characteristics with German 250-MW wind data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernst, B.

    1999-12-09

    With the increasing availability of wind power worldwide, power fluctuations have become a concern for some utilities. Under electric industry restructuring in the US, the impact of these fluctuations will be evaluated by examining provisions and costs of ancillary services for wind power. This paper analyzes wind power in the context of ancillary services, using data from a German 250 Megawatt Wind project.

  4. Managing Sustainable Demand-side Infrastructure for Power System Ancillary Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Managing Sustainable Demand-side Infrastructure for Power System Ancillary Services by Simon Sustainable Demand-side Infrastructure for Power System Ancillary Services by Simon Christopher Parkinson B highly-distributed sustainable demand- side infrastructure, in the form of heat pumps, electric vehicles

  5. Transactive Control and Coordination of Distributed Assets for Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subbarao, Krishnappa; Fuller, Jason C.; Kalsi, Karanjit; Somani, Abhishek; Pratt, Robert G.; Widergren, Steven E.; Chassin, David P.

    2013-09-18

    The need to diversify energy supplies, the need to mitigate energy-related environmental impact, and the entry of electric vehicles in large numbers present challenges and opportunities to power system professionals. Wind and solar power provide many benefits, and to reap the benefits the resulting increased variability—forecasted as well as unforecasted—should be addressed. Demand resources are receiving increasing attention as one means of providing the grid balancing services. Control and coordination of a large number (~millions) of distributed smart grid assets requires innovative approaches. One such is transactive control and coordination (TC2)—a distributed, agent-based incentive and control system. The TC2 paradigm is to create a market system with the following characteristics: • Participation should be entirely voluntary. • The participant decides at what price s/he is willing to participate. • The bids and responses are automated. Such an approach has been developed and demonstrated by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for energy markets. It is the purpose of this project to develop a similar approach for ancillary services. In this report, the following ancillary services are considered: • spinning reserve • ramping • regulation. These services are to be provided by the following devices: • refrigerators • water heaters • clothes dryers • variable speed drives. The important results are summarized below: The regulation signal can be divided into an energy-neutral high frequency component and a low frequency component. The high frequency component is particularly well suited for demand resources. The low frequency component, which carries energy non-neutrality, can be handled by a combination of generators and demand resources. An explicit method for such a separation is obtained from an exponentially weighted moving average filter. Causal filters (i.e., filters that process only present and past values of a signal) introduce delays that can be issues in some signal processing applications that treat the high frequency part as a noise to be eliminated. For regulation, the high frequency component is an essential part of the signal. The delay in the low frequency component is not a problem. A stochastic self-dispatch algorithm determines the response of the devices to the regulation signal. • In an ensemble of devices under normal operation, some devices turn on and some turn off in any time interval. Demand response necessitates turning off devices that would normally be on, or turning on devices that would normally be off. Over time, some of these would have turned off on their own. A formalism to determine expectation values under a combination of natural and forced attrition has been developed. This formalism provides a mechanism for accomplishing a desired power profile within a bid period. In particular, a method to minimize regulation requirement can be developed. The formulation provides valuable insights into control. • Some ancillary services—ramping to absorb unforecasted increase in renewable generation, and regulation down—require the demand resources to increase their energy use. Some resources such as HVAC systems can do this readily, whereas some others require enabling technology. Even without such technology, it is possible to arrange refrigerators and water heaters to have an energy debt and be ready to increase their energy use. A transactive bid mechanism of revolving debt can be developed for this purpose. Dramatic changes in control systems, architecture and markets are expected in the electrical grid. The technical capabilities of a large number of devices interacting with the grid are changing. While it is too early to describe complete solutions, TC2 has attractive features suitable for adapting to the changes. The analyses in this report and the activities planned for FY 14 and beyond are designed to facilitate this transition.

  6. MIDWEST ISO CO-OPTIMIZATION BASED REAL-TIME DISPATCH AND PRICING OF ENERGY AND ANCILLARY SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    MIDWEST ISO CO-OPTIMIZATION BASED REAL-TIME DISPATCH AND PRICING OF ENERGY AND ANCILLARY SERVICES and ancillary service co-optimization is reported in this paper. The key components of Midwest ISO's real words ­ Real-time dispatch and pricing, LMP, Energy and ancillary service co-optimization, Intra

  7. Abstract--The nonactive-power-related ancillary services provided by distributed energy (DE) resources are categorized by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    Abstract-- The nonactive-power-related ancillary services provided by distributed energy (DE power theory is adopted to control the DE system to provide these ancillary services. Three control, are developed which can perform one or more of the ancillary services. The control schemes are implemented

  8. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of InternationalExperience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-05-01

    In this study, we examine the arrangements for andexperiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in fiveelectricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordicmarket, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objectivein undertaking this review of international experience was to identifyspecific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads toeffectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hopethat this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S.and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments areneeded to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in allwholesale electricity markets.

  9. Coordination and Control of Distributed Energy Resources for Provision of Ancillary Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    Coordination and Control of Distributed Energy Resources for Provision of Ancillary Services--This paper discusses the utilization of distributed energy resources on the distribution side of the power side of a power system, it has been ac- knowledged that there exist many distributed energy resources

  10. Data Centers to Offer Ancillary Services Mahdi Ghamkhari and Hamed Mohsenian-Rad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    In an interconnected power system, Independent System Operators (ISOs) are responsible for coordinating, controlling responsible for maintaining a required level of power quality and reliability, e.g. by making a constant different types of ancillary services from a variety of entities that are involved in the power system

  11. San Diego Gas & Electric Company v. Sellers of Energy and Ancillary Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Fact Sheet San Diego Gas & Electric Company v. Sellers of Energy and Ancillary Services Docket No. EL00-95-000 July 6, 2007 The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission today approved an $18 million uncontested settlement that resolves matters and claims related to BP Energy Company (BP) and California

  12. Western-UGP Transmission and Ancillary Services Rates Customer...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Updated December 16, 2014, with changes noted in the following sections: Proposed Formula Rate for Scheduling, System Control and Dispatch Service, Proposed Rate for...

  13. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01

    to support the transmission of electric power from seller toStandardized Transmission Service and Wholesale Electricmiles of transmission lines in order to keep electric power

  14. Appendix C: Transmission, Ancillary and Control Area Service...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Power and Conservation Planning Council NPV net present value NR New Resource Firm Power NRFS NR Resource Flattening Service NT Network Integration NTSA Non-Treaty Storage...

  15. Market and policy barriers for demand response providing ancillary services in U.S. markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cappers, Peter; MacDonald, Jason; Goldman, Charles

    2013-03-01

    This study provides an examination of various market and policy barriers to demand response providing ancillary services in both ISO/RTO and non-ISO/RTO regions, especially at the program provider level. It is useful to classify barriers in order to create a holistic understanding and identify parties that could be responsible for their removal. This study develops a typology of barriers focusing on smaller customers that must rely on a program provider (i.e., electric investor owned utility or IOU, ARC) to create an aggregated DR resource in order to bring ancillary services to the balancing authority. The barriers were identified through examinations of regulatory structures, market environments, and product offerings; and discussions with industry stakeholders and regulators. In order to help illustrate the differences in barriers among various wholesale market designs and their constituent retail environments, four regions were chosen to use as case studies: Colorado, Texas, Wisconsin, and New Jersey.

  16. 1 Vehicle-to-grid systems: ancillary services and communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    is shown in Figure 1.1 [2]. A large number of EVs can not only help to reduce the amount of oil and gas be used to boost distributed electricity storage. Depending on the type and class, the battery storage electricity storage unit in most power grids are the pumped storage systems [6]. 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

  17. Alternative Approaches for Incentivizing the Frequency Responsive Reserve Ancillary Service

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ela, E.; Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; Tuohy, A.; Brooks, D.

    2012-03-01

    Frequency responsive reserve is the autonomous response of generators and demand response to deviations of system frequency, usually as a result of the instantaneous outage of a large supplier. Frequency responsive reserve arrests the frequency decline resulting in the stabilization of system frequency, and avoids the triggering of under-frequency load-shedding or the reaching of unstable frequencies that could ultimately lead to system blackouts. It is a crucial service required to maintain a reliable and secure power system. Regions with restructured electricity markets have historically had a lack of incentives for frequency responsive reserve because generators inherently provided the response and on large interconnected systems, more than sufficient response has been available. This may not be the case in future systems due to new technologies and declining response. This paper discusses the issues that can occur without proper incentives and even disincentives, and proposes alternatives to introduce incentives for resources to provide frequency responsive reserve to ensure an efficient and reliable power system.

  18. Open Automated Demand Response Communications in Demand Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Ghatikar, Girish; Koch, Ed; Hennage, Dan; Hernandez, John; Chiu, Albert; Sezgen, Osman; Goodin, John

    2009-11-06

    The Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) is conducting a pilot program to investigate the technical feasibility of bidding certain demand response (DR) resources into the California Independent System Operator's (CAISO) day-ahead market for ancillary services nonspinning reserve. Three facilities, a retail store, a local government office building, and a bakery, are recruited into the pilot program. For each facility, hourly demand, and load curtailment potential are forecasted two days ahead and submitted to the CAISO the day before the operation as an available resource. These DR resources are optimized against all other generation resources in the CAISO ancillary service. Each facility is equipped with four-second real time telemetry equipment to ensure resource accountability and visibility to CAISO operators. When CAISO requests DR resources, PG&E's OpenADR (Open Automated DR) communications infrastructure is utilized to deliver DR signals to the facilities energy management and control systems (EMCS). The pre-programmed DR strategies are triggered without a human in the loop. This paper describes the automated system architecture and the flow of information to trigger and monitor the performance of the DR events. We outline the DR strategies at each of the participating facilities. At one site a real time electric measurement feedback loop is implemented to assure the delivery of CAISO dispatched demand reductions. Finally, we present results from each of the facilities and discuss findings.

  19. DR Resources for Energy and Ancillary Services in the West (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hummon, M.; Kiliccote, S.

    2014-04-01

    Demand response (DR) resources present a potentially important source of grid flexibility however, DR in grid models is limited by data availability and modeling complexity. This presentation focuses on the co-optimization of DR resources to provide energy and ancillary services in a production cost model of the Colorado "test system". We assume each DR resource can provide energy services by either shedding load or shifting its use between different times, as well as operating reserves: frequency regulation, contingency reserve, and flexibility (or ramping) reserve. There are significant variations in the availabilities of different types of DR resources, which affect both the operational savings as well as the revenue for each DR resource. The results presented include the system-wide avoided fuel and generator start-up costs as well as the composite revenue for each DR resource by energy and operating reserves.

  20. Chapter 5. System security and ancillary Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    Chapter 5. System security and ancillary services 1 #12;Introduction Markets for electrical energy of the other. 4 #12;Describing the needs for ancillary services Needs classified according to three different. Interactions for example between balancing and network issues. Ancillary services needed for addressing every

  1. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    end-use customer’s Energy Services Provider can monitor thisarrangements with the Energy Services Provider who, as theaggregator, the Energy Services Provider, and the end-user.

  2. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    cost of service differentials, maintenance of the extensive and lightly-loaded network, and overloaded substations

  3. Using Dimmable Lighting for Regulation Capacity and Non-Spinning Reserves in the Ancillary Services Market. A Feasibility Study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rubinstein, Francis; Xiaolei, Li; Watson, David S.

    2010-12-03

    The objective of this Feasibility Study was to identify the potential of dimmable lighting for providing regulation capacity and contingency reserves if massively-deployed throughout the State. We found that one half of the total electric lighting load in the California commercial sector is bottled up in larger buildings that are greater an 50,000 square feet. Retrofitting large California buildings with dimmable lighting to enable fast DR lighting would require an investment of about $1.8 billion and a"fleet" of about 56 million dimming ballasts. By upgrading the existing installed base of lighting and controls (primarily in large commercial facilities) a substantial amount of ancillary services could be provided. Though not widely deployed, today's state-of-the art lighting systems, control systems and communication networks could be used for this application. The same lighting control equipment that is appropriate for fast DR is also appropriate for achieving energy efficiency with lighting on a daily basis. Thus fast DR can leverage the capabilities that are provided by a conventional dimming lighting control system. If dimmable lighting were massively deployed throughout large California buildings (because mandated by law, for example) dimmable lighting could realistically supply 380 MW of non-spinning reserve, 47percent of the total non-spinning reserves needed in 2007.

  4. Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources for Provision of Ancillary Services: Architectures and Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    [2]. In general, the renewable aggregator, the battery vehicle aggregator, and the demand response and load-leveling at night [4]. Finally, the household might choose to enroll in a demand response program in which it allows a demand response provider to control its TCLs to provide frequency regulation services

  5. Optimal Contract Design for Ancillary Services in Vehicle-to-Grid Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, K. J. Ray

    in the US [3]. Alternatively, in V2G networks, these services can be done by charging (or discharging) EVs--With the foreseeable large scale deployment of elec- tric vehicles (EVs) and the development of vehicle-to-grid (V2G.e., through the bidirectional power flow of EVs. A key issue in such kind of schemes is how to stimulate

  6. A Contract-Based Approach for Ancillary Services in V2G Networks: Optimality and Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, K. J. Ray

    . This is challenging since EVs are self-interested and generally have different preferences toward charging [3]. Alternatively, in V2G networks, these services can be done by charging (or discharging) EVs@gmail.com Abstract--With the foreseeable large scale deployment of elec- tric vehicles (EVs) and the development

  7. Audit of Subsidized Ancillary Services at the Nevada Test Site, WR-B-95-08

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p uBUS SERVICE SUBSIDIES AT THE IDAHO1997 MEMORANDUM5 OFFICE OF

  8. Peer-to-Peer Consultations: Ancillary Services Peer Exchange with India: Experience from South Africa, Europe & the United States (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-05-01

    In support of national and subnational decision makers, the 21st Century Power Partnership regularly works with country partners to organize peer-to-peer consultations on critical issues. In March 2014, 21CPP collaborated with the Regulatory Assistance Project - India to host two peer-to-peer exchanges among experts from India, South Africa, Europe, and the United States to discuss the provision of ancillary services, particularly in the context of added variability and uncertainty from renewable energy. This factsheet provides a high level summary of the peer-to-peer consultation.

  9. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Ancillary Services in the United

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    reserve Secondary control reserve Tertiary control reserve Frequency responsive reserve Regulating in Ancillary Services Markets · Wind and solar · Demand response · Storage · Distributed generation #12;ThankNREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency

  10. Gaps in Ancillary Services among HIV-infected Substance Using Ryan-White Recipients in Los Angeles County

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dierst-Davies, Rhodri David

    2015-01-01

    Please note that the RW only reports proportions of variableto the RW 2011 Casewatch utilization report (DHSP, 2013) andto RW-funded services. Additionally, persons may report gaps

  11. Evaluation and integration of ancillary datasets for coastal wetland landcover classification using Landsat TM Imagery 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinson, James Mithland

    1993-01-01

    Ancillary data were compared with ground-truth data for use in separating saline and fresh wetland-landcover classes exhibiting similar spectral signatures. Two ancillary datasets, United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) National Wetland...

  12. Ancillary effects of selected acid deposition control policies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moe, R.J.; Lyke, A.J.; Nesse, R.J.

    1986-08-01

    NAPAP is examining a number of potential ways to reduce the precursors (sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) to acid deposition. However, the policies to reduce acid deposition will have other physical, biological and economic effects unrelated to acid deposition. For example, control policies that reduce sulfur dioxide emissions may also increase visibility. The effects of an acid deposition policy that are unrelated to acid deposition are referred to as ''ancillary'' effects. This reserch identifies and characterizes the principle physical and economic ancillary effects associated with acid deposition control and mitigation policies. In this study the ancillary benefits associated with four specific acid deposition policy options were investigated. The four policy options investigated are: (1) flue gas desulfurization, (2) coal blending or switching, (3) reductions in automobile emissions of NO/sub x/, and (4) lake liming. Potential ancillary benefits of each option were identified and characterized. Particular attention was paid to the literature on economic valuation of potential ancillary effects.

  13. Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a review of the multifunctional platform project in Mali Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL...

  14. Demand Response Providing Ancillary A Comparison of Opportunities and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-5958E Demand Response Providing Ancillary Services A Comparison of Opportunities Government or any agency thereof or The Regents of the University of California. #12;Demand Response System Reliability, Demand Response (DR), Electricity Markets, Smart Grid Abstract Interest in using

  15. Reactive Power Support Services in Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reactive Power Support Services in Electricity Markets Costing and Pricing of Ancillary Services Reactive Power Support Services in Electricity Markets Costing and Pricing of Ancillary Services Project and Pricing of Ancillary Services." The project title reflects the original proposal that was prepared

  16. Load Participation in Ancillary Services Workshop Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    controls on the load-side is growing. Driven by improved and widely available communications systems, load participation is becoming easier and more reliable; and there...

  17. Competitive ancillary service procurement in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Khavkin, Mark

    2000-01-01

    Model (Source: California Power Exchange) In late 1996, theestablishment of the Power Exchange (PX) and the IndependentSource: California Power Exchange) Imbalance Energy Price $/

  18. Briefing and Ancillary Materials for Rocky Branch Watershed Tour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, L. Allan

    1 Briefing and Ancillary Materials for Rocky Branch Watershed Tour Allan James This briefing available on the Water as a Resource, Geog 347, website: http://people.cas.sc.edu/ajames/347 Go to Ancillary

  19. DOE Issues Draft RFP for Waste Treatment Services | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Restricted and Unrestricted RecyclingReuse, Low Activity Waste (LAW) Services, Ancillary Services, and support in establishing authorized release limits. This requirement...

  20. Increasing corn for biofuel production reduces biocontrol services in agricultural landscapes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landis, Doug

    Increasing corn for biofuel production reduces biocontrol services in agricultural landscapes-fold expansion of biofuel production (4), which will likely drive further expansion of corn area crops that compete with corn for land. Increased corn acreage for biofuel production has raised con

  1. Cardiovascular Fat, Menopause, and Sex Hormones in Women: The SWAN Cardiovascular Fat Ancillary Study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Cardiovascular Fat Ancillary Study Samar R. El Khoudary,PhD,20). The SWAN CF study, an ancillary study to the Study ofas part of the SWAN Heart ancillary study. The SWAN CF

  2. Chalcogen-Rich Lanthanide Clusters: Cluster Reactivity and the Influence of Ancillary Ligands on Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawson, Catherine L.

    Chalcogen-Rich Lanthanide Clusters: Cluster Reactivity and the Influence of Ancillary Ligands that highly electronegative, sterically saturating ancillary ligands (e.g. Cp*) are not a prerequisite

  3. Model Predictive Control of Regulation Services from Commercial Buildings to the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2014-01-01

    Services from Commercial Buildings to the Smart Grid Mehdicommercial building hvac fan as ancillary service for smartbuildings flexibility can be utilized for frequency regulation provision in the smart

  4. Unusually Efficient Pyridine Photodissociation from Ru(II) Complexes with Sterically Bulky Bidentate Ancillary Ligands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turro, Claudia

    Bidentate Ancillary Ligands Jessica D. Knoll, Bryan A. Albani, Christopher B. Durr, and Claudia Turro

  5. Ancillary-service details: regulation, load following, and generator response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirst, E.; Kirby, B.

    1996-09-01

    The purpose of this report is to examine empirically these intrahour and interhour load changes and the responses of a utility`s generating resources to those load changes. We analyze data, primarily from one control area, to see how it maintains ACE close to zero in an effort to meet the A1 and A2 criteria. Overall, we estimate that load following costs US electric utilities over one billion dollars a year. We first test alternative ways to identify trends over multihour periods using both regression analysis and rolling averages. Then, we consider several metrics for intrahour load following. Next we examine characteristics of load following for different time-averaging periods and compare the dynamics of loads and load following generation across these time periods. Finally, we consider the contribution of each load to the total load following requirements of the control area.

  6. Integrated System Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gross receipts taxes are not included in transmission revenue requirement in the Rate Formula Template, since they are recovered elsewhere. I Western is not subject to Federal or...

  7. Western-UGP Transmission and Ancillary Services Rates Customer...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    than 17,000-circuit mile Federal transmission system, Western sells and delivers reliable electric power to most of the western half of the United States. Western's employees work...

  8. Alternative Approaches for Incentivizing the Frequency Responsive Reserve Ancillary Service

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ela, E.; Tuohy, A.; Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; Brooks, D.

    2012-05-01

    Frequency responsive reserve is the autonomous response of generators and demand response to deviations of system frequency, usually as a result of the instantaneous outage of a large supplier. This article discusses the issues that can occur without proper incentives and even disincentives, and proposes alternatives to introduce incentives for resources to provide frequency responsive reserve to ensure an efficient and reliable power system.

  9. Distributed Smart Grid Asset Control Strategies for Providing Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalsi, Karanjit; Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Marinovici, Laurentiu D.; Moya, Christian; Dagle, Jeffery E.

    2013-10-30

    With large-scale plans to integrate renewable generation driven mainly by state-level renewable portfolio requirements, more resources will be needed to compensate for the uncertainty and variability associated with intermittent generation resources. Distributed assets can be used to mitigate the concerns associated with renewable energy resources and to keep costs down. Under such conditions, performing primary frequency control using only supply-side resources becomes not only prohibitively expensive but also technically difficult. It is therefore important to explore how a sufficient proportion of the loads could assume a routine role in primary frequency control to maintain the stability of the system at an acceptable cost. The main objective of this project is to develop a novel hierarchical distributed framework for frequency based load control. The framework involves two decision layers. The top decision layer determines the optimal gain for aggregated loads for each load bus. The gains are computed using decentralized robust control methods, and will be broadcast to the corresponding participating loads every control period. The second layer consists of a large number of heterogeneous devices, which switch probabilistically during contingencies so that aggregated power change matches the desired amount according to the most recently received gains. The simulation results show great potential to enable systematic design of demand-side primary frequency control with stability guarantees on the overall power system. The proposed design systematically accounts for the interactions between the total load response and bulk power system frequency dynamics. It also guarantees frequency stability under a wide range of time varying operating conditions. The local device-level load response rules fully respect the device constraints (such as temperature setpoint, compressor time delays of HVACs, or arrival and departure of the deferrable loads), which are crucial for implementing real load control programs. The promise of autonomous, Grid Friendly™ response by smart appliances in the form of under-frequency load shedding was demonstrated in the GridWise Olympic Peninsula Demonstration in 2006. Each controller monitored the power grid voltage signal and requested that electrical load be shed by its appliance whenever electric power-grid frequency fell below 59.95 Hz. The controllers and their appliances responded reliably to each shallow under-frequency event, which was an average of one event per day and shed their loads for the durations of these events. Another objective of this project was to perform extensive simulation studies to investigate the impact of a population of Grid Friendly™ Appliances (GFAs) on the bulk power system frequency stability. The GFAs considered in this report are represented as demonstration units with water heaters individually modeled.

  10. Design of Ancillary Service Markets1 Shmuel S. Oren,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    in New York, NYPP filed on March 27, 2000 an emergency request to FERC to suspend market based pricing for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions on behalf of the Department of Energy. Abstract We examine replace slower ones). We explore how this substitutability is accounted for in alternative market

  11. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01

    settle with ERCOT for energy and capacity. Retail Electricfor participation in energy and capacity markets. Technicalloads participating in energy and capacity markets, it does

  12. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01

    2006a). Advanced telemetry or SCADA was required for mostrequirements (e.g. , SCADA or similar arrangement),rather than the stringent SCADA requirement. 24 Table 8:

  13. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01

    AEMC 2005. Australia Electricity Market Commission, 2005.Annual Electricity Market Performance Review - Reliability &3 Selecting Electricity Markets for

  14. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01

    with overall market design, procurement arrangements andand Wholesale Electric Market Design, FERC Working PaperElements of a Successful Market Design”, X. Ma and D. Sun.

  15. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    have been relaxed as third party load aggregators have developed and installed lower-cost communications equipment. These load aggregators targeted customers with small...

  16. Comverge contribution to load participation of ancillary services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miyaji, Wendell

    2011-10-25

    Presents Comverge demand response program summary. Discusses advantages of residential aggregation and real-time load management. Compares residential and commercial.

  17. ISO New England – Results of Ancillary Service Pilot Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lowell, Jon; Yoshimura, Henry

    2011-10-26

    Compares performance of pilot program assets and generation resources in alternative technology regulation and demand response reserves for flywheels and residential electric thermal storage.

  18. Appendix C: Transmission, Ancillary and Control Area Service...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intertie, by BPA on account of any reduction in Transmission Demand, termination, or partial termination of any such agreement or otherwise to compensate BPA for the...

  19. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01

    kW) back-up generators and dual-fuel boilers as sources ofelectric water heaters, dual-fuel boilers, and buildingselectric water heaters, dual-fuel boilers, and any building

  20. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01

    unexpected generator outages and transmission line failures.equipment failure. The output from wind generators or other

  1. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01

    Down (DRS) Frequency Controlled Disturbance Reserve (FCDR)its assigned Frequency Controlled Disturbance Reserves and120 MW of frequency-controlled disturbance reserve and 400

  2. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01

    to meet forecast demand for both energy and ancillarydemand forecast determines the market price. 2006a). As an energy-

  3. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01

    12”. National Grid Electricity Transmission, plc. January 9,British Electricity Trading and Transmission ArrangementBritish Electricity Trading and Transmission Arrangement (

  4. Appendix C: Transmission, Ancillary and Control Area Service Rate Schedules

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O D SFederal Facility Agreement and Consent04 STANDARDC. Part

  5. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRDEnergyTurbineProcesses to Their Environmental

  6. Ancillary Service Revenue Potential for Geothermal Generators in California

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Research at 1 Table ofDepartment of Energy FuelDepartment of|

  7. Load Participation in Ancillary Services Workshop Materials | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA PublicLED ADOPTIONtoLightingEnergyEnergyLiveEnergy

  8. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA PublicLED ADOPTIONtoLightingEnergyEnergyLiveEnergy

  9. Clues into the metagenome of Huanglongbing infected Citrus by analysis of ancillary sequences from Ion Torrent whole genome Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus sequencing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    Citrus by analysis of ancillary sequences from Ion Torrentof HLB. Here we report ancillary contiguous metagenomicsystem. Within these ancillary sequences, a diverse

  10. Effect of Ancillary Ligands on the Reactivity and Structure of Zinc Polysulfido Complexes Robert J. Pafford and Thomas B. Rauchfuss*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rauchfuss, Thomas B.

    Effect of Ancillary Ligands on the Reactivity and Structure of Zinc Polysulfido Complexes Robert J in ancillary ligands. This aspect has not been examined previously, but the present work shows that ancillary

  11. Assessing Variation in Wildlife Biodiversity in the Tien Shan Mountains of Kyrgyzstan Using Ancillary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Ancillary Camera-trap Photos Jennifer L. McCarthy1 *, Kyle P. McCarthy1 , Todd K. Fuller1 , and Thomas M. Mc) abundance (McCarthy et al 2008), we collected ancillary camera-trap photos taken in the Tien Shan Mountains and photo rates for most species were higher. Our use of ancillary camera-trap photos was valuable

  12. Ancillary Statistics In a parametric model f (y; ) for a random variable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reid, Nancy

    Ancillary Statistics In a parametric model f (y; ) for a random variable or vector Y, a statistic A = a(Y) is ancillary for if the distribution of A does not depend on . As a very simple example, if Y is determined randomly, rather than being fixed in advance, then A = number of observations in Y is an ancillary

  13. ANCILLARY STATISTICS: A REVIEW M. Ghosh, N. Reid and D.A.S. Fraser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reid, Nancy

    ANCILLARY STATISTICS: A REVIEW M. Ghosh, N. Reid and D.A.S. Fraser University of Florida and University of Toronto ABSTRACT Ancillary statistics, one of R. A. Fisher's most fundamental contributions and limitations of ancillary statistics. Due to the vastness of the subject, the present account is, by no means

  14. Statistica Sinica 20 (2010), 1309-1332 ANCILLARY STATISTICS: A REVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reid, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    Statistica Sinica 20 (2010), 1309-1332 ANCILLARY STATISTICS: A REVIEW M. Ghosh1, N. Reid2 and D. A model, a function of the data is said to be ancillary if its distribution does not depend on the parameters in the model. The concept of ancillary statistics is one of R. A. Fisher's fundamental

  15. July 1, 2006 -OHSU Ancillaries (Indirect Providers1 & Revisions to Oregon's Genetic Privacy Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    July 1, 2006 - OHSU Ancillaries (Indirect Providers1 ) & Revisions to Oregon's Genetic Privacy Law Reports. OHSU Ancillaries (Indirect Providers) Who Receive Specimens or Health Information from non encryption that is kept separately from the specimen or information. Last Updated 6/27/2006 http://ozone.ohsu.edu/cc/gen/ancillary

  16. The Passenger Safety Project at the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service works to reduce deaths and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    killed and 462 were injured every day in the United States in motor vehicle crashes during 2012 have a higher crash incidence and death rate than urban areas. Response The Passenger Safety ProjectThe Passenger Safety Project at the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service works to reduce deaths

  17. Title: Improving the efficiency of conservation policies with the use of surrogates derived from remotely sensed and ancillary data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    remotely sensed and ancillary data Authors: Andrés Viña1* , Xiaodong Chen2 , Wu Yang1 , Wei Liu1 , Yu Li1 surrogates derived from10 remotely sensed and ancillary data, for identifying land to be enrolled in one

  18. Tuning the Properties of the Osmium Nitrido Group in TpOs(N)X2 by Changing the Ancillary Ligand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    Tuning the Properties of the Osmium Nitrido Group in TpOs(N)X2 by Changing the Ancillary Ligand study of how changing the chlorides to other ancillary ligands affects the reactivity,* Author to whom

  19. Posteromedial tibial plateau injury including avulsion fracture of the semimembranous tendon insertion site: Ancillary sign of anterior cruciate ligament tear at MR imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01

    Tendon Insertion Site: Ancillary Sign of Anterior Cruciatement are well-known ancillary signs of a tear of the ACL. In

  20. Ancillary revenues in the airline industry : impacts on revenue management and distribution systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hao, Eric (Eric C.)

    2014-01-01

    Airlines have increasingly depended on ancillary revenue in response to rising fuel costs, de- creased yields, and an increasingly competitive environment. Estimates indicate that U.S. airlines collected over $8 billion ...

  1. Preliminary Results of Ancillary Safety Analyses Supporting TREAT LEU Conversion Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brunett, A. J.; Fei, T.; Strons, P. S.; Papadias, D. D.; Hoffman, E. A.; Kontogeorgakos, D. C.; Connaway, H. M.; Wright, A. E.

    2015-10-01

    The Transient Reactor Test Facility (TREAT), located at Idaho National Laboratory (INL), is a test facility designed to evaluate the performance of reactor fuels and materials under transient accident conditions. The facility, an air-cooled, graphite-moderated reactor designed to utilize fuel containing high-enriched uranium (HEU), has been in non-operational standby status since 1994. Currently, in support of the missions of the Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Material Management and Minimization (M3) Reactor Conversion Program, a new core design is being developed for TREAT that will utilize low-enriched uranium (LEU). The primary objective of this conversion effort is to design an LEU core that is capable of meeting the performance characteristics of the existing HEU core. Minimal, if any, changes are anticipated for the supporting systems (e.g. reactor trip system, filtration/cooling system, etc.); therefore, the LEU core must also be able to function with the existing supporting systems, and must also satisfy acceptable safety limits. In support of the LEU conversion effort, a range of ancillary safety analyses are required to evaluate the LEU core operation relative to that of the existing facility. These analyses cover neutronics, shielding, and thermal hydraulic topics that have been identified as having the potential to have reduced safety margins due to conversion to LEU fuel, or are required to support the required safety analyses documentation. The majority of these ancillary tasks have been identified in [1] and [2]. The purpose of this report is to document the ancillary safety analyses that have been performed at Argonne National Laboratory during the early stages of the LEU design effort, and to describe ongoing and anticipated analyses. For all analyses presented in this report, methodologies are utilized that are consistent with, or improved from, those used in analyses for the HEU Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) [3]. Depending on the availability of historical data derived from HEU TREAT operation, results calculated for the LEU core are compared to measurements obtained from HEU TREAT operation. While all analyses in this report are largely considered complete and have been reviewed for technical content, it is important to note that all topics will be revisited once the LEU design approaches its final stages of maturity. For most safety significant issues, it is expected that the analyses presented here will be bounding, but additional calculations will be performed as necessary to support safety analyses and safety documentation. It should also be noted that these analyses were completed as the LEU design evolved, and therefore utilized different LEU reference designs. Preliminary shielding, neutronic, and thermal hydraulic analyses have been completed and have generally demonstrated that the various LEU core designs will satisfy existing safety limits and standards also satisfied by the existing HEU core. These analyses include the assessment of the dose rate in the hodoscope room, near a loaded fuel transfer cask, above the fuel storage area, and near the HEPA filters. The potential change in the concentration of tramp uranium and change in neutron flux reaching instrumentation has also been assessed. Safety-significant thermal hydraulic items addressed in this report include thermally-induced mechanical distortion of the grid plate, and heating in the radial reflector.

  2. Reducing Extreme Weather Impacts: Building a Weather-Ready Nation For more than 140 years, the National Weather Service (NWS) has provided weather, water, and climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reducing Extreme Weather Impacts: Building a Weather-Ready Nation For more than 140 years, the National Weather Service (NWS) has provided weather, water, and climate information to protect lives also been a year of extreme weather events. The impact of these events, both on lives and the economy

  3. Will Nano-Butlers Work for Micro-Payments? Innovation in Business Services Model may Reduce Cost of Delivering Global Healthcare Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Datta, Shoumen

    2008-07-31

    This paper represents an emerging view of personalized care and patient-centric systems approach. It integrates biomedical informatics and business services. A potentially innovative model may evolve from this convergence ...

  4. Subdiagnostic alcohol use by depressed men and women seeking outpatient psychiatric services: consumption patterns and motivation to reduce drinking.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satre, Derek D; Chi, Felicia W; Eisendrath, Stuart; Weisner, Constance

    2011-01-01

    contributing to patient motivation to reduce drinking cansymptoms to investigate motivation. Our results highlight1996) Assessing drinkers’ motivation for change: the Stages

  5. Aalborg Universitet Ancillary Frequency Control of Direct Drive Full-Scale Converter Based Wind Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Weihao

    , integration of such a lot of wind energy into power grids presents a major challenge to power system operators more attentions all over the world. Large-scale wind power plants are increasingly integrated). Ancillary Frequency Control of Direct Drive Full-Scale Converter Based Wind Power Plants. In Proceedings

  6. Regulatory issues associated with closure of the Hanford AX Tank Farm ancillary equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Becker, D.L.

    1998-09-02

    Liquid mixed, high-level radioactive waste has been stored in underground single-shell tanks at the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Hanford Site. After retrieval of the waste from the single-shell tanks, the DOE will proceed with closure of the tank farm. The 241-AX Tank Farm includes four one-million gallon single-shell tanks in addition to sluice lines, transfer lines, ventilation headers, risers, pits, cribs, catch tanks, buildings, well and associated buried piping. This equipment is classified as ancillary equipment. This document addresses the requirements for regulatory close of the ancillary equipment in the Hanford Site 241-AX Tank Farm. The options identified for physical closure of the ancillary equipment include disposal in place, disposal in place after treatment, excavation and disposal on site in an empty single-shell tank, and excavation and disposal outside the AX Tank Farm. The document addresses the background of the Hanford Site and ancillary equipment in the AX Tank Farm, regulations for decontamination and decommissioning of radioactively contaminated equipment, requirements for the cleanup and disposal of radioactive wastes, cleanup and disposal requirements governing hazardous and mixed waste, and regulatory requirements and issues associated with each of the four physical closure options. This investigation was conducted by the Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, during Fiscal Year 1998 for the Hanford Tanks Initiative Project.

  7. Urban damage assessment using multimodal QuickBird images and ancillary data: the Bam and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Urban damage assessment using multimodal QuickBird images and ancillary data: the Bam proved its usefulness for the crisis mitigation through situation report and damage assessment. Visual. We propose a semi-automatic damage assessment method based on a pair of very high spatial resolution

  8. Program Name or Ancillary Text eere.energy.gov Industrial Activities at DOE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Boilers and steam distribution networks for industrial processes and machine- driven systems, chemicalProgram Name or Ancillary Text eere.energy.gov Industrial Activities at DOE: Efficiency December 9, 2013 NREL #12;Industrial Energy Use 2 Source: Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint

  9. Kinetic and Thermodynamic Selectivity of Intermolecular C-H Activation at [TpRh(PMe3)]. How Does the Ancillary Ligand Affect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, William D.

    the Ancillary Ligand Affect the Metal-Carbon Bond Strength? Yunzhe Jiao, James Morris, William W. Brennessel

  10. U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SEDIMENT AND ANCILLARY DATA ON THE WORLD WIDE WEB Lisa M. Turcios, Student Trainee (Hydrology), and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SEDIMENT AND ANCILLARY DATA ON THE WORLD WIDE WEB Lisa M. Turcios, Student (NWISWeb) data base yielded more than 2.6-million values of instantaneous-value sediment and ancillary data data. Ancillary variables, including water discharge and water temperature, in addition to a large

  11. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 497 (2003) 429439 SACI--a 4p plastic phoswich array ancillary detector system of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribas, Roberto Vicençotto

    2003-01-01

    phoswich array ancillary detector system of a g-ray spectrometer J.A. Alc!antara-N!u*neza, *, J and to be used as an ancillary system for the Pelletron Laboratory g-ray spectrometer. The new system was tested Keywords: g-ray spectroscopy; Ancillary detectors; Phoswich telescope detectors; Light-charged particles

  12. PAPER www.rsc.org/dalton | Dalton Transactions Can an ancillary ligand lead to a thermodynamically stable end-on 1 : 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gherman, Benjamin F.

    PAPER www.rsc.org/dalton | Dalton Transactions Can an ancillary ligand lead to a thermodynamically, density functional theory and multireference methods are used to determine the potential of ancillary) isomerization to side-on L1 CuXO2, and c) decay to L1 CuO2 and X. Ancillary ligands with judiciously chosen

  13. Flexibility of Commercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2013-01-01

    26] centers on unit commitment and dispatch processes, we insecurity assessment, for unit commitment, for HTC, and for

  14. Flexibility of Commercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2013-01-01

    18] Apogee Building Automation [Online]. Avail- able:data/assets/hq/ APOGEE--Building-Automation A6V10301530 hq-Development of building automation and control systems,”

  15. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    Requirements Energy Spot trading Size/ Requirements (MW)trading as VicPower Trading Energy Response Pty Ltd Thetrading: Spot trading of energy through a commodities-type

  16. Flexibility of Commercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2013-01-01

    applications in Energy Efficient Building Control Systems,systems in energy efficient buildings,” Master’s thesis,include energy-efficient buildings, sensor networks, and

  17. Market and Policy Barriers for Demand Response Providing Ancillary Services in U.S. Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2014-01-01

    4 Figure 2: Map of ISO/RTO balancing areas in theFERC (2012) Figure 2: Map of ISO/RTO balancing areas in the

  18. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    the IEA DDR TASK XIII Workshop, Melbourne. Energy Responseat the IEA DDR TASK XIII Workshop, Melbourne. Energy Users

  19. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    John Wiley and Sons, New York. IEA DSM 2003. DSM Spotlight,2003. Prepared for the IEA Demand-Side Management Executivepresented by Lance Hoch at the IEA Task XIII Demand Response

  20. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    the forestry, pulp and paper industry. However, the programindustry alone (See Figure B-6) could provide 1210 MW (Pulp and paper –

  1. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    out requirements for telemetry (SCADA), metering (50 msecthan the stringent SCADA requirement. 40 Participating

  2. A comparison of two GIV mechanisms for providing ancillary services at the University of Delaware

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    of charging are required. Even if EVs are not near a plug all 23 hours, this simple calculation shows that EVs will offer a lot of flexibility in timing and rate of their charging power. Typically, EV aggregators are seen as the actors using this charging flexibility [1]. For an EV aggregator, a wide range

  3. Flexibility of Commercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2013-01-01

    associated with steam turbines is T 4 which corresponds tochest. For non-reheat steam turbines, this is the only timegrouped into steam and hydro turbines. The transfer function

  4. Spot pricing of electricity and ancillary services in a competitive California market.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Khavkin, Mark

    2000-01-01

    Designing Competitive Electricity Markets , edited by H.P.Deregulated Wholesale Electricity Market," POWER Workingin competitive electricity markets, the verti- cally

  5. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    available to reflect trading in the Power Exchanges. C.2.3most power transactions are based on bilateral trading ofPower Exchanges operate over similar timescales, although trading

  6. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    Market. Prepared by Power Exchange Operations. LoadsPrepared by: NEMMCO Power Exchange, 29May. (http://Power Exchanges)..

  7. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    of a Mature Isolated Market Design, presented by Charlie2 A.2 NEM Market Design and49 C.2 Market Design and

  8. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    electric boilers of district heating systems) must shedcapabilities 42 of the district heating systems not allgreater than 5 MW) district heating schemes can quickly

  9. Analysis and characterization of ancillary service demand response strategies for variable air volume HVAC systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blum, David H. (David Henry)

    2013-01-01

    Output variability and prediction difficulties with respect to solar and wind electricity resources increase the requirement of grid-scale reserve capacity and add strain to existing firm generators used for reserves and ...

  10. Open Automated Demand Response Communications in Demand Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila

    2010-01-01

    A. Barat, D. Watson. 2006 Demand Response Spinning ReserveKueck, and B. Kirby 2008. Demand Response Spinning ReserveReport 2009. Open Automated Demand Response Communications

  11. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    Denmark. Elkraft 2005a. Demand Response in Practice, Elkraftand Developing Demand Response in the Energy Markets.Demand Management Delivery. Demand Response Workshop. Slide

  12. Spot pricing of electricity and ancillary services in a competitive California market.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Khavkin, Mark

    2000-01-01

    costs of not using productive generating capacity for the other sures," POWER Working Paper PWP- 059r, University of California Energy

  13. ORNL/TM-2005/263 ANCILLARY SERVICES PROVIDED FROM DER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    ://www.ntis.gov/support/ordernowabout.htm Reports are available to DOE employees, DOE contractors, Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE

  14. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    and restore frequency-controlled operating and disturbancethe frequency responsive operating and disturbance reserves,120 MW of frequency-controlled disturbance reserve and 400

  15. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    docs/Electricity_Transmission/Transmission_Planning/CRA%British Electricity Trading and Transmission Arrangements).Coordination of Transmission of Electricity) and Russia (see

  16. Flexibility of Commercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2013-01-01

    functions corresponding to steam chest, piping system, re-corresponds to that of the steam chest. For non-reheat steam

  17. Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopment Top Scientific Impact SinceService and Repair

  18. Second use of transportation batteries: Maximizing the value of batteries for transportation and grid services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

    2010-09-30

    Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and electric vehicles (EVs) are expected to gain significant market share over the next decade. The economic viability for such vehicles is contingent upon the availability of cost-effective batteries with high power and energy density. For initial commercial success, government subsidies will be highly instrumental in allowing PHEVs to gain a foothold. However, in the long-term, for electric vehicles to be commercially viable, the economics have to be self-sustaining. Towards the end of battery life in the vehicle, the energy capacity left in the battery is not sufficient to provide the designed range for the vehicle. Typically, the automotive manufacturers indicated the need for battery replacement when the remaining energy capacity reaches 70-80%. There is still sufficient power (kW) and energy capacity (kWh) left in the battery to support various grid ancillary services such as balancing, spinning reserve, load following services. As renewable energy penetration increases, the need for such balancing services is expected to increase. This work explores optimality for the replacement of transportation batteries to be subsequently used for grid services. This analysis maximizes the value of an electric vehicle battery to be used as a transportation battery (in its first life) and then as a resource for providing grid services (in its second life). The results are presented across a range of key parameters, such as depth of discharge (DOD), number of batteries used over the life of the vehicle, battery life in vehicle, battery state of health (SOH) at end of life in vehicle and ancillary services rate. The results provide valuable insights for the automotive industry into maximizing the utility and the value of the vehicle batteries in an effort to either reduce the selling price of EVs and PHEVs or maximize the profitability of the emerging electrification of transportation.

  19. Recovery Act Weekly Video: 200 Area Asbestos Removal, U-Ancillary Demolition, 200 West Transfer Building Footings

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2012-06-14

    A weekly update of the Recovery Act at work. Demolition of U-Ancillary that was contaminated with uranium and asbestos as well as removing asbestos from the Steam Generation Plant in the 200 East Area.

  20. Recovery Act Weekly Video: 200 Area Asbestos Removal, U-Ancillary Demolition, 200 West Transfer Building Footings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-01

    A weekly update of the Recovery Act at work. Demolition of U-Ancillary that was contaminated with uranium and asbestos as well as removing asbestos from the Steam Generation Plant in the 200 East Area.

  1. University Services Management Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    into a consolidated data-center and server support team that lowered support costs and reduced or eliminated is that the University be known as much for its service and business innovation as for its high quality research innovative services to assist the units we serve to achieve their goals in a manner consistent with the world

  2. Creation of safety-net-based provider networks under the California Health Care Coverage Initiative: interim findings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    physicians, hospitals, and ancillary service providers suchdiem (PD), Other (O) Ancillary Services and Reimbursementto county facilities. Ancillary Services and Reimbursement

  3. Unbundling generation and transmission services for competitive electricity markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirst, E.; Kirby, B.

    1998-01-01

    Ancillary services are those functions performed by the equipment and people that generate, control, and transmit electricity in support of the basic services of generating capacity, energy supply, and power delivery. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) defined such services as those `necessary to support the transmission of electric power from seller to purchaser given the obligations of control areas and transmitting utilities within those control areas to maintain reliable operations of the interconnected transmission system.` The nationwide cost of ancillary services is about $12 billion a year, roughly 10% of the cost of the energy commodity. More important than the cost, however, is the necessity of these services for bulk-power reliability and for the support of commercial transactions. FERC`s landmark Order 888 included a pro forma tariff with provision for six key ancillary services. The Interconnected Operations Services Working Group identified another six services that it felt were essential to the operation of bulk-power systems. Several groups throughput the United States have created or are forming independent system operators, which will be responsible for reliability and commerce. To date, the electricity industry (including traditional vertically integrated utilities, distribution utilities, power markets and brokers, customers, and state and federal regulators) has paid insufficient attention to these services. Although the industry had made substantial progress in identifying and defining the key services, much remains to be doe to specify methods to measure the production, delivery, and consumption of these services; to identify the costs and cost-allocation factors for these services; and to develop market and operating rules for their provision and pricing. Developing metrics, determining costs, and setting pricing rules are important because most of these ancillary services are produced by the same pieces of equipment that produce the basic electricity commodity. Thus, the production of energy and ancillary services is highly interactive, sometimes complementary and sometimes competing. In contrast to today`s typical time-invariant, embedded-cost prices, competitive prices for ancillary services would vary with system loads and spot prices for energy.

  4. Providing Reliability Services through Demand Response: A Prelimnary Evaluation of the Demand Response Capabilities of Alcoa Inc.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starke, Michael R; Kirby, Brendan J; Kueck, John D; Todd, Duane; Caulfield, Michael; Helms, Brian

    2009-02-01

    Demand response is the largest underutilized reliability resource in North America. Historic demand response programs have focused on reducing overall electricity consumption (increasing efficiency) and shaving peaks but have not typically been used for immediate reliability response. Many of these programs have been successful but demand response remains a limited resource. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) report, 'Assessment of Demand Response and Advanced Metering' (FERC 2006) found that only five percent of customers are on some form of demand response program. Collectively they represent an estimated 37,000 MW of response potential. These programs reduce overall energy consumption, lower green house gas emissions by allowing fossil fuel generators to operate at increased efficiency and reduce stress on the power system during periods of peak loading. As the country continues to restructure energy markets with sophisticated marginal cost models that attempt to minimize total energy costs, the ability of demand response to create meaningful shifts in the supply and demand equations is critical to creating a sustainable and balanced economic response to energy issues. Restructured energy market prices are set by the cost of the next incremental unit of energy, so that as additional generation is brought into the market, the cost for the entire market increases. The benefit of demand response is that it reduces overall demand and shifts the entire market to a lower pricing level. This can be very effective in mitigating price volatility or scarcity pricing as the power system responds to changing demand schedules, loss of large generators, or loss of transmission. As a global producer of alumina, primary aluminum, and fabricated aluminum products, Alcoa Inc., has the capability to provide demand response services through its manufacturing facilities and uniquely through its aluminum smelting facilities. For a typical aluminum smelter, electric power accounts for 30% to 40% of the factory cost of producing primary aluminum. In the continental United States, Alcoa Inc. currently owns and/or operates ten aluminum smelters and many associated fabricating facilities with a combined average load of over 2,600 MW. This presents Alcoa Inc. with a significant opportunity to respond in areas where economic opportunities exist to help mitigate rising energy costs by supplying demand response services into the energy system. This report is organized into seven chapters. The first chapter is the introduction and discusses the intention of this report. The second chapter contains the background. In this chapter, topics include: the motivation for Alcoa to provide demand response; ancillary service definitions; the basics behind aluminum smelting; and a discussion of suggested ancillary services that would be particularly useful for Alcoa to supply. Chapter 3 is concerned with the independent system operator, the Midwest ISO. Here the discussion examines the evolving Midwest ISO market structure including specific definitions, requirements, and necessary components to provide ancillary services. This section is followed by information concerning the Midwest ISO's classifications of demand response parties. Chapter 4 investigates the available opportunities at Alcoa's Warrick facility. Chapter 5 involves an in-depth discussion of the regulation service that Alcoa's Warrick facility can provide and the current interactions with Midwest ISO. Chapter 6 reviews future plans and expectations for Alcoa providing ancillary services into the market. Last, chapter 7, details the conclusion and recommendations of this paper.

  5. Identification and definition of unbundled electric generation and transmission services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirby, B.; Hirst, E.; Vancoevering, J.

    1995-03-01

    State and federal regulators, private and public utilities, large and small customers, power brokers and marketers, and others are engaged in major debates about the future structure of the electric industry. Although the outcomes are far from certain, it seems clear that customers will have much greater choices about the electric services they purchase and from whom they buy these services. This report examines the ``ancillary`` services that are today buried within the typical vertically integrated utility. These ancillary services support and make possible the provision of the basic services of generating capacity, energy supply, and power delivery. These ancillary services include: Management of generating units; reserve generating capacity to follow variations in customer loads, to provide capacity and energy when generating units or transmission lines suddenly fall, to maintain electric-system stability, and to provide local-area security; transmission-system monitoring and control; replacement of real power and energy losses; reactive-power management and voltage regulation; transmission reserves; repair and maintenance of the transmission network; metering, billing, and communications; and assurance of appropriate levels of power quality. Our focus in this report, the first output from a larger Oak Ridge National Laboratory project, is on identification and definition of these services. Later work in this project will examine more closely the costs and pricing options for each service.

  6. Using Dimmable Lighting for Regulation Capacity and Non-Spinning Reserves in the Ancillary Services Market. A Feasibility Study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinstein, Francis

    2011-01-01

    Digital Addressable Lighting Interface Demand Responseof Demand-Responsive Lighting in Offices with and without2010). Using Dimmable Lighting for Regulation Capacity and

  7. Using Dimmable Lighting for Regulation Capacity and Non-Spinning Reserves in the Ancillary Services Market. A Feasibility Study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinstein, Francis

    2011-01-01

    and data acquisition (SCADA) and wireless communicationInternet and utility SCADA systems, wireless communications

  8. Field Testing of Automated Demand Response for Integration of Renewable Resources in California's Ancillary Services Market for Regulation Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila

    2013-01-01

    pumps and fans that are part of the facility loads. The wearpumps and fans that are part of the facility loads. The wear

  9. Field Testing of Automated Demand Response for Integration of Renewable Resources in California's Ancillary Services Market for Regulation Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila

    2013-01-01

    and Techniques for Demand Response”, May 2007. LBNL-59975 38the Role of Automated Demand Response, 2010. Watson, D. , N.Fast Automated Demand Response to Enable Integration of

  10. Field Testing of Automated Demand Response for Integration of Renewable Resources in California's Ancillary Services Market for Regulation Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila

    2013-01-01

    M. A. Piette, Integrating Renewable Resources in CaliforniaEnable Integration of Renewable Resources,” February 2012.P. Worhach, ”|ntegration of Renewable Resources at 20% RPS,”

  11. Field Testing of Automated Demand Response for Integration of Renewable Resources in California's Ancillary Services Market for Regulation Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila

    2013-01-01

    of the pump and the requirement of the irrigation systempumps was rejected by the site, because of fear of soil and sand getting stuck in the irrigation

  12. How Western Does Business: An Explanation of Western's Products and Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-10-01

    The mission of the Western Area Power Administration is to market and deliver reliable, renewable, cost-based hydroelectric power and related services. This guide provides an overview of Western’s history and how Western carries out that mission and provides electrical, transmission and ancillary services. It also discusses how we develop plans for marketing our most valuable resources—long-term firm capacity and energy.

  13. Assessment of the Economic Potential of Microgrids for Reactive Power Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appen, Jan von

    2012-01-01

    10] M. Braun, Provision of Ancillary Services by Distributedand Voltage Control Ancillary Services - Part I: Technicalthe requirements for ancillary services, including voltage

  14. Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    4.9 Ancillary Service Requirements . . . . . . . Life 5TES WECC WREZ WWSIS VG VOLL Ancillary services Californiaprices for energy and ancillary services. The day-ahead

  15. Commercial and Industrial Base Intermittent Resource Management Pilot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila

    2011-01-01

    Demand Resources Providing Ancillary Services. Folsom, CA:in California ISO Ancillary Services Markets. Folsom, CA:Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services." Grid Interop,

  16. A Framework for the Evaluation of the Cost and Benefits of Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Greg Young

    2012-01-01

    and demand interruption ancillary services in Microgrids,"effects and feasibility of ancillary service provision," inH. Gomes, "Provision of some ancillary services by microgrid

  17. Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2012-01-01

    M. (2007) Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review ofDepends on price level Ancillary Services Resource ~5 sec. –Emergency Capacity Energy Ancillary Services Currently not

  18. Fast Automated Demand Response to Enable the Integration of Renewable Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, David S.

    2013-01-01

    response Reg-down Regulation down (Ancillary Services) Reg-up Regulation up (Ancillary Services) Spin Extra generatingand duration of various ancillary services (Starke et al. ,

  19. The UNIVERSITY of WESTERN ONTARIO POLICIES and PROCEDURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    : Associate Vice-President (Housing and Ancillary Services) ­ Chair Vice-President (Resources & Operations) - Vice-Chair Representative ­ (Housing and Ancillary Services) ­ Secretary Legal Counsel University and Ancillary Services) Director of Hospitality Services (Housing and Ancillary Services) Representative

  20. Reduce overhead by using outside services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, R.O.

    1996-09-01

    This document, after giving a summary of Sandia`s mission, describes technology transfer efforts and accomplishments at Sandia. This includes information on their user facilities: the combustion research facility, the national solar thermal test facility, and the electronics quality and reliability center.

  1. Summary of Mercury Compatibility Issues for the Spallation Neutron Source Target Containment and Ancillary Equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pawel, SJ

    2003-04-08

    The purpose of this document is to summarize the primary results of the Hg compatibility research in support of the SNS target. In the absence of possible synergisms resulting from beam/irradiation effects, wetting of 316L/316LN stainless steel under SNS conditions by the Hg target is expected to be very limited. As a result, significant interactions such as dissolution, mass transfer, and embrittlement affecting general compatibility are not anticipated. A wide range of experiments on 316L/316LN stainless steel, including thermal convection and pumped loops, confirmed low corrosion/penetration rates in Hg up to 305 C and little or no wetting or mass transfer below about 250 C. A variety of standard mechanical tests comparing behavior of 316L in air and Hg revealed limited wetting and no degradation of mechanical properties such as reduced elongation or development of brittle fracture features. Preliminary fatigue tests indicated a negative effect (reduced cycles to failure and intergranular cracking) at very high loads for 316LN, but little or no effect at more modest loading. Annealed 316LN was found to be somewhat susceptible to cavitation-erosion damage, but significant improvement was realized with a kolsterizing surface treatment or coldworking the material. Within the scope of these test conditions, no compatibility-limited operations were identified for type 316L/316LN stainless steel (and variations thereof) as the Hg target containment material. More limited compatibility data on other materials are also reported.

  2. Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2010-01-01

    congestion or less-costly ancillary services provision; (4)economic, reliability and ancillary DR applications. Can theattributed to DR in providing ancillary services, improving

  3. A quantum algorithm for obtaining the lowest eigenstate of a Hamiltonian assisted with an ancillary qubit system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeongho Bang; Seung-Woo Lee; Chang-Woo Lee; Hyunseok Jeong

    2014-09-17

    We propose a quantum algorithm to obtain the lowest eigenstate of any Hamiltonian simulated by a quantum computer. The proposed algorithm begins with an arbitrary initial state of the simulated system. A finite series of transforms is iteratively applied to the initial state assisted with an ancillary qubit. The fraction of the lowest eigenstate in the initial state is then amplified up to $\\simeq 1$. We prove that our algorithm can faithfully work for any arbitrary Hamiltonian in the theoretical analysis. Numerical analyses are also carried out. We firstly provide a numerical proof-of-principle demonstration with a simple Hamiltonian in order to compare our scheme with the so-called "Demon-like algorithmic cooling (DLAC)", recently proposed in [Nature Photonics 8, 113 (2014)]. The result shows a good agreement with our theoretical analysis, exhibiting the comparable behavior to the best "cooling" with the DLAC method. We then consider a random Hamiltonian model for further analysis of our algorithm. By numerical simulations, we show that the total number $n_c$ of iterations is proportional to $\\simeq {\\cal O}(D^{-1}\\epsilon^{-0.19})$, where $D$ is the difference between the two lowest eigenvalues, and $\\epsilon$ is an error defined as the probability that the finally obtained system state is in an unexpected (i.e. not the lowest) eigenstate.

  4. Monte-Carlo Simulator and Ancillary Response Generator of Suzaku XRT/XIS System for Spatially Extended Source Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Ishisaki; Y. Maeda; R. Fujimoto; M. Ozaki; K. Ebisawa; T. Takahashi; Y. Ueda; Y. Ogasaka; A. Ptak; K. Mukai; K. Hamaguchi; M. Hirayama; T. Kotani; H. Kubo; R. Shibata; M. Ebara; A. Furuzawa; R. Iizuka; H. Inoue; H. Mori; S. Okada; Y. Yokoyama; H. Matsumoto; H. Nakajima; H. Yamaguchi; N. Anabuki; N. Tawa; M. Nagai; S. Katsuda; K. Hayashida; A. Bamba; E. D. Miller; K. Sato; N. Y. Yamasaki

    2006-10-04

    We have developed a framework for the Monte-Carlo simulation of the X-Ray Telescopes (XRT) and the X-ray Imaging Spectrometers (XIS) onboard Suzaku, mainly for the scientific analysis of spatially and spectroscopically complex celestial sources. A photon-by-photon instrumental simulator is built on the ANL platform, which has been successfully used in ASCA data analysis. The simulator has a modular structure, in which the XRT simulation is based on a ray-tracing library, while the XIS simulation utilizes a spectral "Redistribution Matrix File" (RMF), generated separately by other tools. Instrumental characteristics and calibration results, e.g., XRT geometry, reflectivity, mutual alignments, thermal shield transmission, build-up of the contamination on the XIS optical blocking filters (OBF), are incorporated as completely as possible. Most of this information is available in the form of the FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) files in the standard calibration database (CALDB). This simulator can also be utilized to generate an "Ancillary Response File" (ARF), which describes the XRT response and the amount of OBF contamination. The ARF is dependent on the spatial distribution of the celestial target and the photon accumulation region on the detector, as well as observing conditions such as the observation date and satellite attitude. We describe principles of the simulator and the ARF generator, and demonstrate their performance in comparison with in-flight data.

  5. The following is the list of First Aid Posts in buildings which are to be serviced by E&FM Support Services Premises Assistants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    entrance, near Porter's Desk Meeting House Lower Floor, in Porter's Room Old Ancillary Building Old Ancillary Building, opposite room GC18 Old Ancillary Building Wooden box on wall in old ANC 1 building

  6. Transport Services (TAPS) BOF plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzl, Michael

    Transport Services (TAPS) BOF plan T. Moncaster, M. Welzl, D. Ros: dra5-moncaster-tsvwg-transport-services-00 h Reducing Internet Transport Latency Michael Welzl, with help from (alphabe/cal): Anna

  7. Four homochiral coordination polymers contain N-acetyl-L-tyrosine and different N-donor ligand: Influence of metal cations, ancillary ligands and coordination modes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Meng-Li; Song, Hui-Hua

    2013-10-15

    Using the chiral ligand N-acetyl-L-tyrosine (Hacty) and maintaining identical reaction conditions, Zn(II), Co(II), and Cd(II) salts provided four novel homochiral coordination polymers ([Zn(acty)(bipy){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]·NO{sub 3}·2H{sub 2}O){sub n}1, ([Co(acty)(bipy){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]·NO{sub 3}·2H{sub 2}O){sub n}2, ([Cd(acty){sub 2}(bipy)H{sub 2}O]·H{sub 2}O){sub n}3, and ([Cd(acty)(bpe){sub 2}(Ac)]·6H{sub 2}O){sub n}4 (bipy=4,4?-bipyridine; bpe=1,2-di(4-pyridyl)ethane) in the presence of ancillary ligands. Compounds 1 and 2 are isostructural 1D chain structures. The neighboring chains are further linked into a 3D supramolecular structure via ??? stacking and hydrogen bond interactions. Compound 3 shows a 2D network and 4 generates 1D infinite chains along the c-axis. Compounds 3 and 4 are further connected into 3D supramolecular network by hydrogen bond interactions. More importantly, coordination in acyl oxygen atoms and ancillary ligands (bpe) as monodentate decorating ligands in 4 are rarely reported. Ancillary ligands and metal cations significantly influence the structure of the complexes. The photoluminescence properties of 1, 3, and 4 were studied at room temperature. Circular dichroism (CD) of the complexes have been investigated. - Graphical abstract: Four new homochiral coordination polymers were prepared and structurally characterized, which investigate the influence of the ancillary ligands and metal ions on the design and synthesis of coordination polymers. Display Omitted - Highlights: • It is rarely reported that the chiral coordination polymers prepared with N-acetyl-L-tyrosine ligands. • The alkalescent acetyl oxygen atom is difficult to participate in coordination but it is happened in the N-acetyl-L-tyrosine ligands. • The ancillary ligands (4,4?-bipy and bpe) are present in an unusual coordination modes, monodentate decorating ligands in 1, 2 and 4. • Structure comparative analyses results indicate that the secondary ligands and metal ions influence the fabrication of these inorganic–organic arrangements.

  8. Student Services Student Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /Pacific American awareness and education. Resources include: · Academic support programs · Connections with community · Educational and cultural programs/resources · Student organization support · Student leadership in collaboration that maximizes the use of resources and services across the Division, across campus

  9. Economic Consequences of Alternative Solution Methods for Centralized Unit Commitment in Day-Ahead Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sioshansi, Ramteen; O'Neill, Richard; Oren, Shmuel S

    2008-01-01

    will typically also have ancillary ser- vice requirements,single type of load-based ancillary service requirement. Touniform hourly energy and ancillary ser- vice prices with

  10. THE SECURITY-CONSTRAINED COMMITMENT AND DISPATCH FOR MIDWEST ISO DAY-AHEAD CO-OPTIMIZED ENERGY AND ANCILLARY SERVICE MARKET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    improve grid reliability. Key words ­ Electricity market, LMP, Security Constrained Unit Commitment (SCUCTHE SECURITY-CONSTRAINED COMMITMENT AND DISPATCH FOR MIDWEST ISO DAY-AHEAD CO-OPTIMIZED ENERGY ­ This paper reports upon the security-constrained commitment and dispatch algorithms and their implementation

  11. RESEARCH PATIENT CARE COSTS --NIH(RC)-11 (a) Research patient care costs are the costs of routine and ancillary services provided to patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ungerleider, Leslie G.

    RESEARCH PATIENT CARE COSTS -- NIH(RC)-11 (a) Research patient care costs are the costs of routine) Patient care costs shall be computed in a manner consistent with the principles and procedures used by the Medicare Program for determining the part of Medicare reimbursement based on reasonable costs

  12. Reduces electric energy consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BENEFITS · Reduces electric energy consumption · Reduces peak electric demand · Reduces natural gas consumption · Reduces nonhazardous solid waste and wastewater generation · Potential annual savings products for the automotive industry, electrical equipment, and miscellaneous other uses nationwide. ALCOA

  13. Prioritizing Climate Change Mitigation Alternatives: Comparing Transportation Technologies to Options in Other Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2008-01-01

    2000. “Estimating the Ancillary Benefits of Greenhouse GasToman, and C. Bloyd, 1999: Ancillary Benefits of Reduced Airinteractions; quantify ancillary impacts if possible New

  14. Indigenous Services Services for Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinnamon, Gordon J.

    STUDENT SERVICES Indigenous Services Services for Students with Disabilities Learning Skills Distance Studies Continuing Studies Student Success CentreLEARNING SERVICES TEACH ING& DEVELOPM E NTCENTRE collaborative and student- focused efforts make a difference. John Doerksen Vice-Provost (Academic Programs

  15. OKLAHOMA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

    OKLAHOMA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY of animal manure in acid and neutral soils. One study conducted in Eastern Oklahoma a few years ago found and reduce aluminum toxicity. In Oklahoma, many fields are acidic and animal manure would be an good

  16. Reducing Plug Loads in Office Spaces: Hawaii and Guam Energy Improvement Technology Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheppy, M.; Metzger, I.; Cutler, D.; Holland, G.; Hanada, A.

    2014-01-01

    As part of its overall strategy to meet its energy goals, the Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) partnered with the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to rapidly demonstrate and deploy cost-effective renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies. This project was one of several demonstrations of new or underutilized commercial energy technologies. The common goal was to demonstrate and measure the performance and economic benefit of the system while monitoring any ancillary impacts to related standards of service and operation and maintenance (O&M) practices. In short, demonstrations at naval facilities simultaneously evaluate the benefits and compatibility of the technology with the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) mission, and with NAVFAC's design, construction, operations, and maintenance practices, in particular. This project demonstrated the performance of commercially available advanced power strips (APSs) for plug load energy reductions in building A4 at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam (JBPHH), Hawaii.

  17. Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.; Arons, Samuel M.; Lemoine, Derek M.; Hummel, Holmes

    2009-01-01

    regenerative braking, as do Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissionsconditions, the expected savings in fuel costs are notis whether the fuel cost savings over the lifetime of the

  18. Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.; Arons, Samuel M.; Lemoine, Derek M.; Hummel, Holmes

    2009-01-01

    would in turn lower PHEV fuel costs and make them morestretches from fossil-fuel- powered conventional vehiclesbraking, as do Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions Making Plug-

  19. Reducing Livestock Losses To Toxic Plants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGinty, Allan; Machen, Richard V.

    2000-04-25

    AgriculturalExtensionService The Texas A&M University System Reducing Livestock Losses to Toxic Plants B-1499 Sand Shinnery L Perennial Broomweed Texas Agricultural Extension Service a71 Zerle L. Carpenter, Director a71 The Texas A&M University System a71 College Station, Texas Tableof... in diagnosis is to determine *Extension range specialist and Extension livestock- specialist, The Texas A&M University System. whether the cause is plant poisoning or in- fectious disease. To do so it is necessary to carefully observe symptoms exhibited by af...

  20. Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado <RAPID/Geothermal/WaterEnergyRedfield Campus GeothermalApproach | Open

  1. Reduced shear power spectrum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dodelson, Scott; /Fermilab /Chicago U., Astron. Astrophys. Ctr. /Northwestern U.; Shapiro, Charles; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; White, Martin J.; /UC, Berkeley, Astron.

    2005-08-01

    Measurements of ellipticities of background galaxies are sensitive to the reduced shear, the cosmic shear divided by (1-{kappa}) where {kappa} is the projected density field. They compute the difference between shear and reduced shear both analytically and with simulations. The difference becomes more important an smaller scales, and will impact cosmological parameter estimation from upcoming experiments. A simple recipe is presented to carry out the required correction.

  2. 2004 Rate Adjustments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for Transmission and Ancillary Services Federal Register Notice -- Rate Order WAPA-141: Notice of Extension of Formula Rates for Transmission and Ancillary Services If you have any...

  3. LANSCE | Lujan Center | Ancillary Equipment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp Graduate student Subtask2 J.N.open toCelebrating Los Alamos

  4. Transmission Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Transmission Services BPA Clarifications on the DSO216 1 Document updated on 2242015 at 3:29:25 PM B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N BPA Clarifications on...

  5. Reducing Configuration Complexity

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudgetFinancial Opportunities » Pastams AG 2015 Reducing

  6. Naval electrochemical corrosion reducer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Clark, Howard L. (Ballston Lake, NY)

    1991-10-01

    A corrosion reducer for use with ships having a hull, a propeller mounted a propeller shaft and extending through the hull, bearings supporting the shaft, at least one thrust bearing and one seal. The improvement includes a current collector and a current reduction assembly for reducing the voltage between the hull and shaft in order to reduce corrosion due to electrolytic action. The current reduction assembly includes an electrical contact, the current collector, and the hull. The current reduction assembly further includes a device for sensing and measuring the voltage between the hull and the shaft and a device for applying a reverse voltage between the hull and the shaft so that the resulting voltage differential is from 0 to 0.05 volts. The current reduction assembly further includes a differential amplifier having a voltage differential between the hull and the shaft. The current reduction assembly further includes an amplifier and a power output circuit receiving signals from the differential amplifier and being supplied by at least one current supply. The current selector includes a brush assembly in contact with a slip ring over the shaft so that its potential may be applied to the differential amplifier.

  7. A comparison of automated land cover/use classification methods for a Texas bottomland hardwood system using lidar, spot-5, and ancillary data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernon, Zachary Isaac

    2009-05-15

    Bottomland hardwood forests are highly productive ecosystems which perform many important ecological services. Unfortunately, many bottomland hardwood forests have been degraded or lost. Accurate land cover mapping is crucial for management...

  8. Financing for Federal Utility Energy Service Contracts

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Financing is a significant portion of utility energy service contract (UESC) costs. Experience shows several things the federal government can do to get the best value by reducing UESC financial transaction costs and interest.

  9. IT Services' Service Level Agreement TECHNICAL SUPPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburger, Peter

    IT Services' Service Level Agreement TECHNICAL SUPPORT and HARDWARE/SOFTWARE/NETWORK MAINTENANCE This service level agreement (SLA) describes the computer services provided by Walb Union Operations into the university services card system's database by Union Operations. Walb Union Operations creates university

  10. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES CRM Self Service Training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES CRM Self Service Training Adding a Case Service Management Technology Services | its.fsu.edu | 2 #12;4. Select a Case Type 5. Select a Category that describes | Information Technology Services | its.fsu.edu | 3 #12;

  11. Hybrid Solar Lighting Provides Energy Savings and Reduces Waste Heat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lapsa, Melissa Voss; Maxey, L Curt; Earl, Dennis Duncan; Beshears, David L; Ward, Christina D; Parks, James Edgar

    2006-01-01

    ABSTRACT Artificial lighting is the largest component of electricity use in commercial U.S. buildings. Hybrid solar lighting (HSL) provides an exciting new means of reducing energy consumption while also delivering significant ancillary benefits associated with natural lighting in buildings. As more than half of all federal facilities are in the Sunbelt region (defined as having an average direct solar radiation of greater than 4 kWh/m2/day) and as more than half of all square footage available in federal buildings is also in the Sunbelt, HSL is an excellent technology fit for federal facilities. The HSL technology uses a rooftop, 4-ft-wide dish and secondary mirror that track the sun throughout the day (Fig. 1). The collector system focuses the sunlight onto 127 optical fibers. The fibers serve as flexible light pipes and are connected to hybrid light fixtures that have special diffusion rods that spread out the light in all directions. One collector powers about eight hybrid light fixtures-which can illuminate about 1,000 square feet. The system tracks at 0.1 accuracy, required by the two-mirror geometry to keep the focused beam on the fiber bundle. When sunlight is plentiful, the optical fibers in the luminaires provide all or most of the light needed in an area. During times of little or no sunlight, a sensor controls the intensity of the artificial lamps to maintain a desired illumination level. Unlike conventional electric lamps, the natural light produces little to no waste heat and is cool to the touch. This is because the system's solar collector removes the infrared light-the part of the spectrum that generates a lot of the heat in conventional bulbs-from the sunlight.

  12. Pressure reducing regulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Whitehead, John C. (Davis, CA); Dilgard, Lemoyne W. (Willits, CA)

    1995-01-01

    A pressure reducing regulator that controls its downstream or outlet pressure to a fixed fraction of its upstream or inlet pressure. The regulator includes a housing which may be of a titanium alloy, within which is located a seal or gasket at the outlet end which may be made of annealed copper, a rod, and piston, each of which may be made of high density graphite. The regulator is insensitive to temperature by virtue of being without a spring or gas sealed behind a diaphragm, and provides a reference for a system in which it is being used. The rod and piston of the regulator are constructed, for example, to have a 1/20 ratio such that when the downstream pressure is less than 1/20 of the upstream pressure the regulator opens and when the downstream pressure exceeds 1/20 of the upstream pressure the regulator closes.

  13. Pressure reducing regulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Whitehead, J.C.; Dilgard, L.W.

    1995-10-10

    A pressure reducing regulator that controls its downstream or outlet pressure to a fixed fraction of its upstream or inlet pressure is disclosed. The regulator includes a housing which may be of a titanium alloy, within which is located a seal or gasket at the outlet end which may be made of annealed copper, a rod, and piston, each of which may be made of high density graphite. The regulator is insensitive to temperature by virtue of being without a spring or gas sealed behind a diaphragm, and provides a reference for a system in which it is being used. The rod and piston of the regulator are constructed, for example, to have a 1/20 ratio such that when the downstream pressure is less than 1/20 of the upstream pressure the regulator opens and when the downstream pressure exceeds 1/20 of the upstream pressure the regulator closes. 10 figs.

  14. Reducing Penguin Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhubanjyoti Bhattacharya; Alakabha Datta; David London

    2013-04-29

    The most common decay used for measuring 2beta_s, the phase of Bs-Bsbar mixing, is Bs -> J/psi phi. This decay is dominated by the colour-suppressed tree diagram, but there are other contributions due to gluonic and electroweak penguin diagrams. These are often referred to as "penguin pollution" (PP) because their inclusion in the amplitude leads to a theoretical error in the extraction of 2beta_s from the data. In the standard model (SM), it is estimated that the PP is negligible, but there is some uncertainty as to its exact size. Now, phi_s^{c\\bar{c}s} (the measured value of 2beta_s) is small, in agreement with the SM, but still has significant experimental errors. When these are reduced, if one hopes to be able to see clear evidence of new physics (NP), it is crucial to have the theoretical error under control. In this paper, we show that, using a modification of the angular analysis currently used to measure phi_s^{c\\bar{c}s} in Bs -> J/psi phi, one can reduce the theoretical error due to PP. Theoretical input is still required, but it is much more modest than entirely neglecting the PP. If phi_s^{c\\bar{c}s} differs from the SM prediction, this points to NP in the mixing. There is also enough information to test for NP in the decay. This method can be applied to all Bs/Bsbar -> V1 V2 decays.

  15. User Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 - 19PortalStatusUserUserHome Contact User Services

  16. User Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 - 19PortalStatusUserUserHome Contact UserServices

  17. User Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 - 19PortalStatusUserUserHome ContactUser Services

  18. User Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPPfinalUnexpectedofWykoW03: DatatheServices Print The User

  19. User Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPPfinalUnexpectedofWykoW03: DatatheServices Print The UserUser

  20. User Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPPfinalUnexpectedofWykoW03: DatatheServices Print The

  1. User Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPPfinalUnexpectedofWykoW03: DatatheServices Print TheUser

  2. User Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPPfinalUnexpectedofWykoW03: DatatheServices Print TheUserUser

  3. Service Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the(Dollars1.840YearDecade Year-0Feet)Service

  4. Stewarding a Reduced Stockpile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodwin, B T; Mara, G

    2008-04-18

    The future of the US nuclear arsenal continues to be guided by two distinct drivers: the preservation of world peace and the prevention of further proliferation through our extended deterrent umbrella. Timely implementation of US nuclear policy decisions depends, in part, on the current state of stockpile weapons, their delivery systems, and the supporting infrastructure within the Department of Defense (DoD) and the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). In turn, the present is a product of past choices and world events. Now more than ever, the nuclear weapons program must respond to the changing global security environment and to increasing budget pressures with innovation and sound investments. As the nation transitions to a reduced stockpile, the successes of the Stockpile Stewardship Program (SSP) present options to transition to a sustainable complex better suited to stockpile size, national strategic goals and budgetary realities. Under any stockpile size, we must maintain essential human capital, forefront capabilities, and have a right-sized effective production capacity. We present new concepts for maintaining high confidence at low stockpile numbers and to effectively eliminate the reserve weapons within an optimized complex. We, as a nation, have choices to make on how we will achieve a credible 21st century deterrent.

  5. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES CRM Self Service Training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES CRM Self Service Training Editing a Case Service Management showing the case details Florida State University | Information Technology Services | its.fsu.edu | 2 #12 the Notes and Attachments tab. A new window will open Florida State University | Information Technology

  6. WEB servicesWEB services Samuel Tardieu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tardieu, Samuel

    WEB servicesWEB services Samuel Tardieu École Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications sam@enst.fr #12;ConceptsConcepts Web services are a new breed of Web application. They are self-contained, self-describing, modular applications that can be published, located, and invoked across the Web. Web services perform

  7. Coiled tubing; Operations and services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sas-Jaworsky, A. II )

    1992-03-01

    Operations involving sand or solids washing are the most common of today's coiled tubing workover services. Wellbore cleanouts require pumping fluid that will entrain solids and return them to the surface. In most cases, wash fluids and solids are captured in surface tanks of sufficient volume to allow solids to settle out. Where practical, fluids are recirculated to reduce cost. An important concern when designing sand wash programs is correct fluid system selection. Wash fluids should closely balance BHP and provide piston like displacement for solids removal. This paper is an overview of compressible and incompressible fluids commonly used for coiled tubing services.

  8. Generating Test Cases for Web Services Using Data Perturbation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Offutt, Jeff

    Generating Test Cases for Web Services Using Data Perturbation Jeff Offutt & Wuzhi Xu Department@gmu.edu ABSTRACT Web services have the potential to dramatically reduce the complexities and costs services and traditional applications is that Web ser- vices use a common communication infrastructure, XML

  9. Reducing gas generators and methods for generating a reducing gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scotto, Mark Vincent; Perna, Mark Anthony

    2015-11-03

    One embodiment of the present invention is a unique reducing gas generator. Another embodiment is a unique method for generating a reducing gas. Other embodiments include apparatuses, systems, devices, hardware, methods, and combinations for generating reducing gas. Further embodiments, forms, features, aspects, benefits, and advantages of the present application will become apparent from the description and figures provided herewith.

  10. The University of Chicago Jessica Greenfield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Operates in a competitive environment · Provides goods and services that are ancillary to the performance;CONSULTANT · Consultant ­ ancillary to project; independent expertise · Generally individual, but may

  11. Mehdi Maasoumy PhD Candidate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakhor, Avideh

    Model Control Architecture Optimal Performance Energy Saving > 50% #12;Example: SinBerBEST Ancillary service to Grid from Buildings Where: No Ancillary With Ancillary ACE(rms)=1.06 ACE(rms)=0.05 #12;visit

  12. Western University Rehabilitation Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    1 Western University Rehabilitation Services Transitional Accommodation Program Western by Rehabilitation Services and is updated at frequent intervals in order to: 1. confirm progression toward treatment information is held in the strictest confidence within Rehabilitation Services. Only capabilities

  13. Personal Services Agreements Waivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    capital construction and controlled maintenance contracts. Type of Service 1. Construction Consultants limitations. 3. Building and Ground Services: Include floor finishing, roofing maintenance, welding operations. CSM does not have staff qualified to perform these specialized services, or does not have

  14. IBM Global Technology Services Server Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ServerTM, Power SystemsTM, pSeries®, #12;2 PowerVMTM, PowerHATM, System StorageTM disk systems, System p®, System x® and other IBM selected products with the option to purchase as a ServicePac® including: IBM Implementation Services for Power Systems-- AIX V6.1 remote implementation IBM Implementation Services for Power

  15. GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC BUILDINGS SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Wax, cleansers, cloths, etc.) 7. CONTRACT SERVICES (Window washing, waste and snow removal) B. HEATING a share of building support/common areas such as elevator lobbies, building corridors, and floor service areas. Floor service areas typically include restrooms, janitor rooms, telephone closets, electrical

  16. Business Services | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    products and services that support the lab's overall mission. Managing the lab's vendor process is the Procurement & Services department. The department is dedicated to the...

  17. ORISE: Health physics services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Health physics services Nuclear power plant The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) offers comprehensive health physics services in a number of technical areas...

  18. Oxygen-reducing catalyst layer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    O'Brien, Dennis P. (Maplewood, MN); Schmoeckel, Alison K. (Stillwater, MN); Vernstrom, George D. (Cottage Grove, MN); Atanasoski, Radoslav (Edina, MN); Wood, Thomas E. (Stillwater, MN); Yang, Ruizhi (Halifax, CA); Easton, E. Bradley (Halifax, CA); Dahn, Jeffrey R. (Hubley, CA); O'Neill, David G. (Lake Elmo, MN)

    2011-03-22

    An oxygen-reducing catalyst layer, and a method of making the oxygen-reducing catalyst layer, where the oxygen-reducing catalyst layer includes a catalytic material film disposed on a substrate with the use of physical vapor deposition and thermal treatment. The catalytic material film includes a transition metal that is substantially free of platinum. At least one of the physical vapor deposition and the thermal treatment is performed in a processing environment comprising a nitrogen-containing gas.

  19. A QOS-AWARE WEB SERVICE REPLICA SELECTION FRAMEWORK FOR AN Kambiz Frounchi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lung, Chung-Horng

    A QOS-AWARE WEB SERVICE REPLICA SELECTION FRAMEWORK FOR AN EXTRANET Kambiz Frounchi Partheeban in an extranet expect web services to be offered in a timely fashion. Replicating web services may reduce the end-to-end web service response time and add fault tolerance to the system. In this paper, we propose a web

  20. Reduced

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 Winners * Impactsand engineersAcquisition andRedox ShuttleRedox

  1. Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Chang, Chin-Yao; Kalsi, Karanjit; Sun, Yannan

    2012-12-12

    Demand Response is playing an increasingly important role in smart grid control strategies. Modeling the behavior of populations of appliances under demand response is especially important to evaluate the effectiveness of these demand response programs. In this paper, an aggregated model is proposed for a class of Thermostatically Controlled Loads (TCLs). The model efficiently includes statistical information of the population, systematically deals with heterogeneity, and accounts for a second-order effect necessary to accurately capture the transient dynamics in the collective response. However, an accurate characterization of the collective dynamics however requires the aggregate model to have a high state space dimension. Most of the existing model reduction techniques require the stability of the underlying system which does not hold for the proposed aggregated model. In this work, a novel model reduction approach is developed for the proposed aggregated model, which can significantly reduce its complexity with small performance loss. The original and the reducedorder aggregated models are validated against simulations of thousands of detailed building models using GridLAB-D, which is a realistic open source distribution simulation software. Index Terms – demand response, aggregated model, ancillary

  2. INFORMATIONQUALITYEVALUATIONFORGRID INFORMATION SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pallis, George

    INFORMATIONQUALITYEVALUATIONFORGRID INFORMATION SERVICES Wei Xing, Oscar Corcho, Carole Goble@cs.ucy.ac.cy Abstract The quality of the information provided by information services deployed in the EGEE production query by different information services can be different. Developers of these services and of other

  3. Web Services Distributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, William R.

    1 Web Services versus Distributed Objects William R. Cook, Janel Barfield University of Texas at Austin 2 How many times have you heard... 3 "Web Services suck..." ? 4 "WS are a bad version Objects 10 to 100 times faster than Web Services 7 Test Case Call a remote service that returns an integer

  4. STUDENT HEALTH MEDICAL SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haiying

    Ver 2.0 09/2012 ANNEX H STUDENT HEALTH & MEDICAL SERVICES #12;Ver 2.0 09/2012 H-i APPROVAL & IMPLEMENTATION Annex H Student Health & Medical Services This emergency management plan is hereby approved. ______________________________ ________________________ Robert Blum Date Director of Health Services Marie Bannister Date Director of Mental Health Services

  5. Development of an incremental and iterative risk reduction facility for robotic servicing and assembly missions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sternberg, David Charles, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    A means for reducing the risk for an on-orbit robotic servicing and assembly mission through the development of a series of testbeds that build successively upon one another is investigated. Robotic Servicing and Assembly ...

  6. Techno-Economic Analysis of BEV Service Providers Offering Battery Swapping Services (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

    2013-05-01

    Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) could significantly reduce the nation's gasoline consumption and greenhouse gas emissions rates. However, both the upfront cost and the limited range of the vehicle are perceived to be deterrents to the widespread adoption of BEVs. A service provider approach to marketing BEVs, coupled with a battery swapping infrastructure deployment could address both issues and accelerate BEV adoption. This presentation examines customer selection, service usage statistics, service plan fees and driver economics. Our results show it is unlikely that a battery swapping service plan will be more cost-effective than ownership of a conventional vehicle. A battery swapping service plan may be a more cost-effective solution than a directly owned BEV for some single-vehicle, high-mileage consumers. However, other factors not considered in this analysis could decrease the viability of such a service.

  7. The Web Services Vision Definition of Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheverst, Keith

    1 The Web Services Vision Overview Definition of Web Services Key concepts Difference from traditional web model Context Service-oriented architecture Distributed computing Overview Microsoft .NET vision Web Services Difference from traditional web model Context Service-oriented architecture

  8. Services | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesAVideo »Services ServicesServices ServicesServices

  9. Services | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesAVideo »Services ServicesServicesServices Services

  10. Services | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesAVideo »Services ServicesServicesServicesServices

  11. Reduced shedding regenerator and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Qiu, Songgang (Richland, WA); Augenblick, John E. (Richland, WA); Erbeznik, Raymond M. (Kennewick, WA)

    2007-05-22

    A reduced shedding regenerator and method are disclosed with regenerator surfaces to minimize shedding of particles from the regenerator thereby alleviating a source of potential damage and malfunction of a thermal regenerative machine using the regenerator.

  12. The combinatorics of reduced decompositions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tenner, Bridget Eileen

    2006-01-01

    This thesis examines several aspects of reduced decompositions in finite Coxeter groups. Effort is primarily concentrated on the symmetric group, although some discussions are subsequently expanded to finite Coxeter groups ...

  13. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT SERVICE Signature Service Oil Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    UNM Staff EMPLOYEE BENEFIT SERVICE Jiffy Lube Signature Service Oil Change Fast - No Appointment We change your oil with up to 5 quarts of major brand motor oil We install a new oil fi We visually inspect. ASE training programs · Jiffy Lube uses top quality products that meet or exceed vehicle warranty

  14. Finance & Administrative Services Office of Accounting Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    Finance & Administrative Services Office of Accounting Services Payroll 204 Thomas Boyd Hall when there is any change to their bank and/or bank account(s) that affects their direct deposit to disbursing funds from their account. Employees with a qualifying hardship, or students whose salary is funded

  15. M E M O R A N D U M Date: January 16, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    -President (Administration) Dr. David Wilkinson, Provost and Vice-President (Academic) Re: Ancillary Units and Ancillary Sales under the New Budget Model Background The University offers several ancillary services that you restrain from offering services in competition with our current ancillary operations. If you have

  16. Wildland Fire Protection Program NEBRASKA FOREST SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Wildland Fire Protection Program NEBRASKA FOREST SERVICE HOW NEBRASKANS BENEFIT: · improved districts · increased firefighter knowledge of wildland fire suppression and prevention · reduced forest.nfs.unl.edu Dr. Scott Josiah State Forester & Director (402) 472-1467 sjosiah2@unl.edu Don Westover Wildland Fire

  17. Service Members Aim High-- for Energy Savings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Service members are helping reduce our dependency on oil, and saving taxpayers' money, with their energy-saving efforts. Operation Change Out has cut $26.3 million in total energy costs and helped prevent more than 396 lbs. of carbon dioxide.

  18. Reduced waste generation, FY 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-02-01

    The United States Department of Energy is committed to the principles of minimizing the quantity and transuranic content of its transuranium (TRU) waste being generated at its nuclear facilities. The reasons are to reduce costs associated with waste handling and disposal, and also to reduce radiation exposure to workers and risk for radionuclide release to man and the environment. The purpose of this document is to provide the USDOE with a plan of research and development tasks for waste minimization, and is prepared so as to provide the maximum impact on volumes based on cost/benefit factors. The document is to be updated annually or as needed to reflect current and future tasks. The Reduced Waste Generation (RWG) tasks encompass a wide range of activities with the principal goals of (1) preventing the generation of waste and (2) converting TRU waste into low-level wastes (LLW) by sorting or decontamination. Concepts for reducing the volume such as in incineration and compaction are considered within the discipline of Reduced Waste Generation, but are considered as somewhat developed technology with only a need for implementation. 33 refs.

  19. Reduce air, reduce compliance cost new patented spray booth technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGinnis, F.

    1997-12-31

    A New Paint Spray Booth System that dramatically reduces air volumes normally required for capturing and controlling paint overspray that contains either Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) or Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAP), or both. In turn, a substantial reduction in capital equipment expenditures for air abatement systems and air make-up heaters as well as related annual operating expenses is realized.

  20. Microbial methods of reducing technetium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wildung, Raymond E. (Richland, WA) [Richland, WA; Garland, Thomas R. (Greybull, WY) [Greybull, WY; Gorby, Yuri A. (Richland, WA) [Richland, WA; Hess, Nancy J. (Benton City, WA) [Benton City, WA; Li, Shu-Mei W. (Richland, WA) [Richland, WA; Plymale, Andrew E. (Richland, WA) [Richland, WA

    2001-01-01

    The present invention is directed toward a method for microbial reduction of a technetium compound to form other compounds of value in medical imaging. The technetium compound is combined in a mixture with non-growing microbial cells which contain a technetium-reducing enzyme system, a stabilizing agent and an electron donor in a saline solution under anaerobic conditions. The mixture is substantially free of an inorganic technetium reducing agent and its reduction products. The resulting product is Tc of lower oxidation states, the form of which can be partially controlled by the stabilizing agent. It has been discovered that the microorganisms Shewanella alga, strain Bry and Shewanelia putrifacians, strain CN-32 contain the necessary enzyme systems for technetium reduction and can form both mono nuclear and polynuclear reduced Tc species depending on the stabilizing agent.

  1. Form 1410 FR.13 Instructions Internal Service Providers: Registration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    new customers, anticipated large reduction in customers, new products/services, and/or reduced Service Providers (ISPs) are required to complete an ISP Registration form when initially registering $100,000 annually), GC-Recharge Center > $100k (sponsored activity to $100,000 annually), or Cost

  2. Web services @ MIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tyagi, Sapna DevendraSingh, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    There are several useful web services developed at MIT by students, faculty and researchers. However, they are scattered all over MIT. Most people at MIT are unaware of the availability of these web services and hence they ...

  3. Services | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesAVideo »Services Services IntegratedServicesServices

  4. Services | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesAVideo »Services ServicesServices Services The

  5. Services | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesAVideo »Services ServicesServices Services

  6. Services | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesAVideo »Services ServicesServicesServices

  7. Unconventional Groundwater System Proves Effective in Reducing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Unconventional Groundwater System Proves Effective in Reducing Contamination at West Valley Demonstration Project Unconventional Groundwater System Proves Effective in Reducing...

  8. Library Services Strategic Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    1 Library Services Strategic Plan 2013 - 2016 Contents 1. Overview 2. Mission Statements 3. Vision provided by Library Services will be integral to the College's success; therefore this strategic plan defines a vision of how the service will contribute to the achievement of the King's strategic plan over

  9. Mail Services User's Guide

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-10-03

    This Guide provides information on using Department of Energy (DOE) mail services in accordance with U.S. Postal Service, General Services Administration (GSA), and DOE regulations. Cancels DOE M 573.1-1. Canceled by DOE N 251.89.

  10. FOOD SERVICE Professional Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    FOOD SERVICE Professional Organizations: National Association of College and University Food National Association of College and University Food Services (NACUFS) conference NACUFS Mid-Atlantic Region of Colleges and University Food Services e-newsletter Social Media: National Association of College

  11. Reduced Harmonic Representation of Partitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalis Psimopoulos

    2011-03-08

    In the present article the reduced integral representation of partitions in terms of harmonic products has been derived first by using hypergeometry and the new concept of fractional sum and secondly by studying the Fourier series of the kernel function appearing in the integral representation. Using the method of induction, a generalization of the theory has also been obtained.

  12. CORRESPONDENCE Reduced major axis regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CORRESPONDENCE Reduced major axis regression and the island rule The Ôisland ruleÕ describes). The slope of the least-squares regression of Y on X, b, measures the extent to which large body sizes tend- ferent way, as the regression of Y ) X on X, and here the slope (b¢) is generally negative (b¢ = b ) 1

  13. Reduced-vibration tube array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bruck, Gerald J.; Bartolomeo, Daniel R.

    2004-07-20

    A reduced-vibration tube array is disclosed. The array includes a plurality of tubes in a fixed arrangement and a plurality of damping members positioned within the tubes. The damping members include contoured interface regions characterized by bracing points that selectively contact the inner surface of an associated tube. Each interface region is sized and shaped in accordance with the associated tube, so that the damping member bracing points are spaced apart a vibration-reducing distance from the associated tube inner surfaces at equilibrium. During operation, mechanical interaction between the bracing points and the tube inner surfaces reduces vibration by a damage-reducing degree. In one embodiment, the interface regions are serpentine shaped. In another embodiment, the interface regions are helical in shape. The interface regions may be simultaneously helical and serpentine in shape. The damping members may be fixed within the associated tubes, and damping member may be customized several interference regions having attributes chosen in accordance with desired flow characteristics and associated tube properties.

  14. Product Service Codes Description: Product Service Codes used...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    V301 RELOCATION SERVICES 273 5,828,484 R423 INTELLIGENCE SERVICES 7 5,744,939 R706 LOGISTICS SUPPORT SERVICES 11 5,536,000 S201 CUSTODIAL JANITORIAL SERVICES 5 4,401,160 D304...

  15. Generation of Web Service Descriptions and Web Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Generation of Web Service Descriptions and Web Service Module Implementation for Concept University of Science and Technology Software Systems Institute (STS) #12;Abstract Nowadays web services in order to initiate the communication. A web services endpoint communication interface utilizes

  16. ENROLLMENT SERVICES Exceptional Service and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Media Improved service and interaction with students and parents via Facebook and Twitter. #12 individual's actual cost of varying credit loads and housing plans · No user logon required · Available

  17. Reducing carbon dioxide to products

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cole, Emily Barton; Sivasankar, Narayanappa; Parajuli, Rishi; Keets, Kate A

    2014-09-30

    A method reducing carbon dioxide to one or more products may include steps (A) to (C). Step (A) may bubble said carbon dioxide into a solution of an electrolyte and a catalyst in a divided electrochemical cell. The divided electrochemical cell may include an anode in a first cell compartment and a cathode in a second cell compartment. The cathode may reduce said carbon dioxide into said products. Step (B) may adjust one or more of (a) a cathode material, (b) a surface morphology of said cathode, (c) said electrolyte, (d) a manner in which said carbon dioxide is bubbled, (e), a pH level of said solution, and (f) an electrical potential of said divided electrochemical cell, to vary at least one of (i) which of said products is produced and (ii) a faradaic yield of said products. Step (C) may separate said products from said solution.

  18. Ferroelectric capacitor with reduced imprint

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Evans, Jr., Joseph T. (13609 Verbena Pl., NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112); Warren, William L. (7716 Wm. Moyers Ave., NE., Albuquerque, NM 87122); Tuttle, Bruce A. (12808 Lillian Pl., NE., Albuquerque, NM 87122); Dimos, Duane B. (6105 Innsbrook Ct., NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111); Pike, Gordon E. (1609 Cedar Ridge, NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112)

    1997-01-01

    An improved ferroelectric capacitor exhibiting reduced imprint effects in comparison to prior art capacitors. A capacitor according to the present invention includes top and bottom electrodes and a ferroelectric layer sandwiched between the top and bottom electrodes, the ferroelectric layer comprising a perovskite structure of the chemical composition ABO.sub.3 wherein the B-site comprises first and second elements and a dopant element that has an oxidation state greater than +4. The concentration of the dopant is sufficient to reduce shifts in the coercive voltage of the capacitor with time. In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the ferroelectric element comprises Pb in the A-site, and the first and second elements are Zr and Ti, respectively. The preferred dopant is chosen from the group consisting of Niobium, Tantalum, and Tungsten. In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the dopant occupies between 1 and 8% of the B-sites.

  19. MapReduce SVM Game

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Vineyard, Craig M.; Verzi, Stephen J.; James, Conrad D.; Aimone, James B.; Heileman, Gregory L.

    2015-08-10

    Despite technological advances making computing devices faster, smaller, and more prevalent in today's age, data generation and collection has outpaced data processing capabilities. Simply having more compute platforms does not provide a means of addressing challenging problems in the big data era. Rather, alternative processing approaches are needed and the application of machine learning to big data is hugely important. The MapReduce programming paradigm is an alternative to conventional supercomputing approaches, and requires less stringent data passing constrained problem decompositions. Rather, MapReduce relies upon defining a means of partitioning the desired problem so that subsets may be computed independently andmore »recom- bined to yield the net desired result. However, not all machine learning algorithms are amenable to such an approach. Game-theoretic algorithms are often innately distributed, consisting of local interactions between players without requiring a central authority and are iterative by nature rather than requiring extensive retraining. Effectively, a game-theoretic approach to machine learning is well suited for the MapReduce paradigm and provides a novel, alternative new perspective to addressing the big data problem. In this paper we present a variant of our Support Vector Machine (SVM) Game classifier which may be used in a distributed manner, and show an illustrative example of applying this algorithm.« less

  20. An Energy Efficient Location Service for Mobile Ad Hoc etworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Carlos

    the distance traveled by the location update and query packets and, thus, at reducing the overall energy cost by the location update and query packets and, thus, to reduce the overall energy cost. 2 Energy Efficient LocationAn Energy Efficient Location Service for Mobile Ad Hoc etworks Zijian Wang1 , Eyuphan Bulut1

  1. An Ontology for the Quality Attributes of web services Web Services are an implementation of Service Oriented Architecture. Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Ontology for the Quality Attributes of web services Abstract Web Services are an implementation of Service Oriented Architecture. Web Services applications are built by integration of many loosely coupled heterogeneous Services. Unfortunately Web Services still face many problems that are limiting their growth

  2. EIS-0123: Direct Service Industry Options

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    BPA proposes to implement one or more options to reduce load fluctuations and revenue uncertainty resulting from its electrical service to 10 aluminum smelters and its other direct service industrial customers. BPA believes these options will give BPA greater ability to plan for power needs and help to maintain its relatively strong financial position during the current period of power surplus. They also are expected to enhance BPA's ability to repay the U.S. Treasury. In turn, BPA rates to other customers would stabilize.

  3. Services | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesAVideo »Services ServicesServices

  4. General Service LED Lamps

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A U.S. DOE SSL technology fact sheet that compares general service LED light bulbs with incandescent and CFL bulbs.

  5. Internal Revenue Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ABCDEFGHI ABCDEFGHI ABCDEFGHI ABCDEFGHI ABCDEFGHI ABCDEFGHI ABCDEFGHI ABCDE 200254 X PREPAID LEGAL X SCHEDULE A (Form 5500) Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service...

  6. UGIES Midstream Services

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to local markets; Wilkes Barre and Scranton markets no longer dependent upon Natural gas from the Gulf of Mexico Locational volatility and spreads UGI Energy Services, LLC 8...

  7. Mail Services User's Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-07-12

    This Manual provides detailed information on using the Department of Energy (DOE) mail services. Canceled by DOE G 573.1-1.

  8. Web Service Interface (API)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OSCARS and Future Tech OSCARS Standard and Open Grid Forum OSCARS Developers Community Web Browser Interface (WBUI) Web Service Interface (API) Read More... Fasterdata IPv6...

  9. Reducing Your Electricity Use | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reducing Your Electricity Use Reducing Your Electricity Use July 15, 2012 - 4:11pm Addthis An energy audit can help you find the most effective ways to save money and reduce energy...

  10. Innovative Computational Tools for Reducing Exploration Risk...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Computational Tools for Reducing Exploration Risk Through Integration of Water-Rock Interactions and Magnetotelluric Surveys Innovative Computational Tools for Reducing Exploration...

  11. Reducing Emissions Through Sustainable Transport: Proposal for...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Reducing Emissions Through Sustainable Transport: Proposal for a Sectoral Approach Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Reducing Emissions Through Sustainable...

  12. New York: Weatherizing Westbeth Reduces Energy Consumption |...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    York: Weatherizing Westbeth Reduces Energy Consumption New York: Weatherizing Westbeth Reduces Energy Consumption August 21, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis The New York State Homes and...

  13. MESSAGE EXCHANGES FOR WEB SERVICE-BASED MAPPING SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MESSAGE EXCHANGES FOR WEB SERVICE-BASED MAPPING SERVICES Ahmet Sayar 1, *, Marlon Pierce 1 will be implemented more extensively by using Web Service approach. A spatial data infrastructure lets many GIS the integration of data and services from multiple sources from different vendors. The Web services architecture

  14. "Penn State will take every step possible to reduce emissions without unduly increasing our costs. In light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    petroleum consumption by reducing our overall service fleet, converting our diesel vehicles to use bio-diesel Development · New Wind Energy Leader Award Community Energy · EPA, DOE and Center for Resource Solutions 2002

  15. Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Slavik, C.J.; Rhudy, R.G.; Bushman, R.E.

    1997-11-11

    An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase winding portion and a wye connected phase winding portion. Both the delta and wye connected phase winding portions have a thirty electrical degree phase belt width. The delta and wye connected phase winding portions are each formed from a preselected number of individual coils each formed, in turn, from an unequal number of electrical conductor turns in the approximate ratio of {radical}3. The individual coils of the delta and wye connected phase winding portions may either be connected in series or parallel. This arrangement provides an armature winding for a three phase motor which retains the benefits of the widely known and utilized thirty degree phase belt concept, including improved mmf waveform and fundamental distribution factor, with consequent reduced vibrations and improved efficiency. 4 figs.

  16. Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Slavik, Charles J. (Rexford, NY); Rhudy, Ralph G. (Scotia, NY); Bushman, Ralph E. (Lathem, NY)

    1997-01-01

    An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase winding portion and a wye connected phase winding portion. Both the delta and wye connected phase winding portions have a thirty electrical degree phase belt width. The delta and wye connected phase winding portions are each formed from a preselected number of individual coils each formed, in turn, from an unequal number of electrical conductor turns in the approximate ratio of .sqroot.3. The individual coils of the delta and wye connected phase winding portions may either be connected in series or parallel. This arrangement provides an armature winding for a three phase motor which retains the benefits of the widely known and utilized thirty degree phase belt concept, including improved mmf waveform and fundamental distribution factor, with consequent reduced vibrations and improved efficiency.

  17. SERVICE MANUAL AUTORANGING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    SERVICE MANUAL AUTORANGING DC POWER SUPPLY AGILENT MODELS 6010A, 6011A, 6012B and 6015A Agilent pay for return of products to Customer. Warranty services outside the country of initial purchase, the Customer shall be entitled to a refund of the purchase price upon return of the product to Agilent

  18. Congressional Research Service, Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

    , confidential memos, expert testimony at Congressional hearings, and responses to inquiries about major policyCongressional Research Service, Research Associate Graduate Intern Behind the Capitol Building, the face of the Legislative Branch, lies the Congressional Research Service (CRS) which provides support

  19. An Energy Services Initiative 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beasley, R. C.; Tipton, J. K.; Ehmer, R. C.

    1996-01-01

    The parent company of a large electric utility has launched a new unregulated subsidiary that provides a portfolio of value-added, beyond-the-meter energy services. These services are designed to meet the specific needs of customers and to better...

  20. Digital Product Services Abstract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daraio, Chiara

    link physical products with digital services. By using Internet of Things technologies we try to help and at the University of St. Gallen conducts research in the field of Internet of Things. Our research focus is on next Internet of Things technologies and mobile devices make it feasible to "attach" digital product services

  1. Service Assessment HURRICANE FRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Service Assessment HURRICANE FRAN August 28 - September 8, 1996 U.S.Department of Commerce National-12 Visible, 753 a.m. EDT, September4, 1996. #12;Service Assessment HURRICANE FRAN August 28 Bureau Hurricane Series ERRATA NOTICE One or more conditions of the original document may affect

  2. Personal Services Agreements Waivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ that do not require design work: Advertising services are required for such things as faculty positions wide list of high school students that meet possible criteria for attending CSM. The School does not have adequate staff to perform these services. 9. Safety Inspection: The School does not have

  3. Techno-Economic Analysis of BEV Service Providers Offering Battery Swapping Services: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

    2013-03-01

    Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) offer the potential to reduce both oil imports and greenhouse gas emissions, but high upfront costs, battery-limited vehicle range, and concern over high battery replacement costs may discourage potential buyers. A subscription model in which a service provider owns the battery and supplies access to battery swapping infrastructure could reduce upfront and replacement costs for batteries with a predictable monthly fee, while expanding BEV range. Assessing the costs and benefits of such a proposal are complicated by many factors, including customer drive patterns, the amount of required infrastructure, battery life, etc. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has applied its Battery Ownership Model to compare the economics and utility of BEV battery swapping service plan options to more traditional direct ownership options. Our evaluation process followed four steps: (1) identifying drive patterns best suited to battery swapping service plans, (2) modeling service usage statistics for the selected drive patterns, (3) calculating the cost-of-service plan options, and (4) evaluating the economics of individual drivers under realistically priced service plans. A service plan option can be more cost-effective than direct ownership for drivers who wish to operate a BEV as their primary vehicle where alternative options for travel beyond the single-charge range are expensive, and a full-coverage-yet-cost-effective regional infrastructure network can be deployed. However, when assumed cost of gasoline, tax structure, and absence of purchase incentives are factored in, our calculations show the service plan BEV is rarely more cost-effective than direct ownership of a conventional vehicle.

  4. Techno-Economic Analysis of BEV Service Providers Offering Battery Swapping Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neubauer, J. S.; Pesaran, A.

    2013-01-01

    Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) offer the potential to reduce both oil imports and greenhouse gas emissions, but high upfront costs, battery-limited vehicle range, and concern over high battery replacement costs may discourage potential buyers. A subscription model in which a service provider owns the battery and supplies access to battery swapping infrastructure could reduce upfront and replacement costs for batteries with a predictable monthly fee, while expanding BEV range. Assessing the costs and benefits of such a proposal are complicated by many factors, including customer drive patterns, the amount of required infrastructure, battery life, etc. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has applied its Battery Ownership Model to compare the economics and utility of BEV battery swapping service plan options to more traditional direct ownership options. Our evaluation process followed four steps: (1) identifying drive patterns best suited to battery swapping service plans, (2) modeling service usage statistics for the selected drive patterns, (3) calculating the cost-of-service plan options, and (4) evaluating the economics of individual drivers under realistically priced service plans. A service plan option can be more cost-effective than direct ownership for drivers who wish to operate a BEV as their primary vehicle where alternative options for travel beyond the single-charge range are expensive, and a full-coverage-yet-cost-effective regional infrastructure network can be deployed. However, when assumed cost of gasoline, tax structure, and absence of purchase incentives are factored in, our calculations show the service plan BEV is rarely more cost-effective than direct ownership of a conventional vehicle.

  5. Reduced models for quantum gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Thiemann

    1999-10-04

    The preceding talks given at this conference have dealt mainly with general ideas for, main problems of and techniques for the task of quantizing gravity canonically. Since one of the major motivations to arrange for this meeting was that it should serve as a beginner's introduction to canonical quantum gravity, we regard it as important to demonstrate the usefulness of the formalism by means of applying it to simplified models of quantum gravity, here formulated in terms of Ashtekar's new variables. From the various, completely solvable, models that have been discussed in the literature we choose those that we consider as most suitable for our pedagogical reasons, namely 2+1 gravity and the spherically symmetric model. The former model arises from a dimensional, the latter from a Killing reduction of full 3+1 gravity. While 2+1 gravity is usually treated in terms of closed topologies without boundary of the initial data hypersurface, the toplogy for the spherically symmetric system is chosen to be asymptotically flat. Finally, 2+1 gravity is more suitably quantized using the loop representation while spherically symmetric gravity is easier to quantize via the self-dual representation. Accordingly, both types of reductions, both types of topologies and both types of representations that are mainly employed in the literature in the context of the new variables come into practice. What makes the discussion especially clear is the fact that for both models the reduced phase space turns out to be finitely dimensional.

  6. Lessons Learned from Microgrid Demonstrations Worldwide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2014-01-01

    e.g. by providing demand response and ancillary services,the need for daytime demand response and possibly solar PVand will often provide demand response or ancillary services

  7. United States Forest Service - Forest Service Environmental Appeals...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Appeals Responses Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: United States Forest Service - Forest Service Environmental Appeals Responses...

  8. Utility Service Renovations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Any upgrade to utility service provides an opportunity to revisit a Federal building's electrical loads and costs, but it also may provide an economic way to bundle the upgrade with an onsite renewable electricity project during renovation. Upgrading utility service to the site may involve improving or adding a transformer, upgrading utility meters, or otherwise modifying the interconnection equipment or services with the utility. In some cases, the upgrade may change the tariff structure for the facility and may qualify the property for a different structure with lower overall costs. In all cases, the implementation of renewable energy technologies should be identified during the design phase.

  9. Services | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque|Sensitive Species Sensitive SpeciesServicesServices Services The

  10. Versioning of Web service interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwal, Anamika, 1981-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis investigates the problem of "design for change" in the context of Web Service based information systems. It describes the current status of architecting Web Services, an implementation of the Service Oriented ...

  11. Essays on Service Innovation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dotzel, Thomas

    2010-10-12

    innovations. In the first essay, I look at the determinants of the number of service innovations introduced by a firm and their interrelationship with customer satisfaction and firm value. Furthermore, I look how these interrelationships vary between Internet...

  12. Business Services Strategic Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    Business Services Strategic Plan Updated September 2008 New Synergies: Launching Tomorrow's Leaders. Facilitate implementation of the University Strategic Plan 2. Analyze, plan, and manage University finances, processes, and contracts in global and strategic partnerships 3. Review existing capital financing plans

  13. Student Services Conference Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Student Services Conference Office Guidelines VAT Exemption for Eligible Bodies #12;Student ........................................................................................................2 Applying the rules to Conferences is intended for use by the University of Sussex Conference Office to determine if an Organisation using

  14. Facilities Management Services Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , central heating and chilled water plants, buildings HVAC, plumbing and electrical and emergency back/exterior finishes (e.g., signage, paint, floor coverings) x Distribution and Mail Services x Fleet Management x

  15. Experiments in service learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banzaert, Amy, 1976-

    2006-01-01

    Service learning, an educational method that involves the application of academic work to projects that benefit under-served communities, was explored in two complementary forms. First, the development of an alternative ...

  16. ORGANIZATION CHART FACILITIES SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    & Refrigeration Campus Maintenance --Supervisor-- Tom Pike Environmental Services --Manager-- EJ Hook Operations HVAC Maintenance Maintenance Supervisor II Maintenance Engineer Repair Maintenance Heating, Ventilation Grounds Grounds Supervisor Groundskeepers Irrigation Manager Equipment Operator (Seasonal) Work Control

  17. Service based logistics optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Gregory D., Jr

    2014-01-01

    This thesis explores the use of a service based logistics optimization (SBLO) methodology for an inbound reverse logistics network. Currently, Quest Diagnostics solves the vehicle routing problem with time windows (VRPTW) ...

  18. Sandia Energy - Cloud Computing Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Services Home Stationary Power Safety, Security & Resilience of Energy Infrastructure Grid Modernization Cyber Security for Electric Infrastructure Cloud Computing Services Cloud...

  19. Service Request Form Today's Date: ______________________________________________________________________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay, Mark A.

    User I. SPENDING LIMIT or ESTIMATED PRICE FOR SERVICES: SERVICE DESCRIPTION PRICE EACH NUMBER OF UNITS TOTAL PRICE) _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ b. (NANO-IMMUNOASSAY): Title of Project

  20. Services | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesAVideo »Services Services Integrated Environment,

  1. Services | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesAVideo »Services Services Integrated

  2. Services | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesAVideo »Services Services

  3. Abstract--A scalable multi-agent paradigm is presented for control of distributed energy resources to achieve higher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    1 Abstract-- A scalable multi-agent paradigm is presented for control of distributed energy these new distributed energy resources (DER) and providing new ancillary services that can improve or to reduce system operation costs. Power electronics have not only made grid connection of distributed energy

  4. 1996 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 4, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2013 Active Participation of Demand Through a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Juan

    in the smart-grid and distributed generation paradigm. Index Terms--Ancillary services, day ahead market

  5. Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Providing...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    & Publications Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience Demand Response and Energy Storage Integration Study - Past Workshops Load Participation...

  6. Lessons from the California Electricity Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolak, Frank

    2003-01-01

    cost (paid by the affiliate that owns the generation unit) of providing energy or ancillary services to California

  7. Ensuring Generation Adequacy in Competitive Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    2003-01-01

    California, equilibrium between the energy and ancillary service market dictates that energy bids are raised by the opportunity cost

  8. Web Service Composition using Service Suggestions , Chaitanya Guttula1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissinger, Jessica

    Web Service Composition using Service Suggestions Rui Wang1 , Chaitanya Guttula1 , Maryam@cs., jkissing@, eileen@cs.}uga.edu Abstract-- This paper presents a semi-automatic Web service composition approach. This approach ranks all available candidate Web service operations based on semantic annotations

  9. NIST Measurement Services: Natural Gas Flow Calibration Service (NGFCS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NIST Measurement Services: Natural Gas Flow Calibration Service (NGFCS) NIST Special Publication of Standards and Technology #12;i Table of Contents for the Natural Gas Flowmeter Calibration Service (NGFCS;1 Abstract This document describes NIST's high pressure natural gas flow calibration service (NGFCS). Flow

  10. Behavioral Ecology Vol. 9 No. 2: 109-115 Aggregation as a cost-reducing strategy for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Naomi E.

    in secretion, thus reducing the per capita cost of cooperation. In this study, die influence of ant attendanceBehavioral Ecology Vol. 9 No. 2: 109-115 Aggregation as a cost-reducing strategy for lycaenid If a mutualistic relationship entails providing services at a cost, selection will favor individuals that maximize

  11. WASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the manufacturer . Replaced with energy efficient light emitting diode (LED) signs. Project reduced risk of tritium

  12. Reducing Greenhouse Emissions and Fuel Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaheen, Susan; Lipman, Timothy

    2007-01-01

    world experience, mobility management strategies appear to have the po­ tential to reduce energy and CO2 emissions

  13. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SUBJECT: Cost and Availability of Ancillary Services for Wind Integration At the September Power Committee Meeting, staff presented an overview of how power system operators use ancillary services to balance loads to be used in the Sixth Power Plan for the cost and availability of ancillary services for wind integration

  14. Market Training Markets 301

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Adequacy Analysis · Ancillary Service Plans · Offer Curves Di h bl R · Settlements · Market Monitoring in the resource dispatch process · Differentiate between a MP's Resource Plan, Ancillary Service Plan, and its to assets · For submitting ancillary service capacity plans (Up and Down Regulation and Spinning

  15. Simulation of Bilateral Contracts in an AGC System After Restructuring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    into account the role of AGC as an ancillary service. The concept of DISCO participation matrix is introduced of the distinct identities of GENCOs, TRANSCOs, DISCOs and the ISO, many of the ancillary services of a vertically these ancillary services is the automatic generation control (AGC). In the new scenario, a DISCO can contract

  16. Service Level Agreement/Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, E. Victor

    Service Level Agreement/Specification For Maintenance and Associated Risk Management Services Team c. Contract Labour 4. REACTIVE MAINTENANCE 5. ESTATE DATA REQUIREMENTS 6. ESTATE EMERGENCY. RISK MANAGEMENT a. General b. Scope of Service c. Statement of Intent Service Level Agreement 2007 Vers

  17. UNIVERSITY HEALTH SERVICES ANNUAL REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    UNIVERSITY HEALTH SERVICES ANNUAL REPORT 2009-2010 UHS Mission: To enhance learning and student to student-focused services. o A commitment to providing culturally competent and respectful services to all Services meets the changing needs of all university students in a culturally competent and respectful

  18. MEMO OF UNDERSTANDING Service Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Lucia

    MEMO OF UNDERSTANDING Service Cost July 2013 1/4 Thera Kalmijn Chief Operating Officer 1608 Fourth] [Division Name] Re: CSS Service Cost for Fiscal Year 2013 - 2015 Please find the service cost for [Division [Division Name] implements into CSS. The service cost for [Division Name] will remain fixed throughout

  19. UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA WILMINGTON 1 APPLICATION FOR THE BENEFIT OF A REDUCED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA WILMINGTON 1 APPLICATION FOR THE BENEFIT OF A REDUCED TUITION RATE AS A MEMBER OF THE ARMED SERVICES OR DEPENDENT RELATIVE PLEASE RETURN TO: Under North Carolina General Statues the benefit through a member are living together in North Carolina incident to the supporting member's active

  20. Energy-Aware Networks: Reducing Power Consumption By Switching Off Network Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giaccone, Paolo

    service quality. Keywords: green networks, power-aware, optimization I. INTRODUCTION Power consumptionEnergy-Aware Networks: Reducing Power Consumption By Switching Off Network Elements Luca}@tlc.polito.it Abstract--According to several studies, the power consumption of the Internet accounts for up to 10

  1. Reducing Power Consumption in Backbone Luca Chiaraviglio, Marco Mellia, Fabio Neri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giaccone, Paolo

    the same service quality. Keywords: green networks, power-aware, optimization I. INTRODUCTION PowerReducing Power Consumption in Backbone Networks Luca Chiaraviglio, Marco Mellia, Fabio Neri Dip. di studies, the power consumption of the Internet accounts for up to 10% of the worldwide energy consumption

  2. Method for reducing formation of electrically resistive layer on ferritic stainless steels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rakowski, James M.

    2013-09-10

    A method of reducing the formation of electrically resistive scale on a an article comprising a silicon-containing ferritic stainless subjected to oxidizing conditions in service includes, prior to placing the article in service, subjecting the article to conditions under which silica, which includes silicon derived from the steel, forms on a surface of the steel. Optionally, at least a portion of the silica is removed from the surface to placing the article in service. A ferritic stainless steel alloy having a reduced tendency to form silica on at least a surface thereof also is provided. The steel includes a near-surface region that has been depleted of silicon relative to a remainder of the steel.

  3. Fleet Services Program Policy Manual For Drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    · Schedules vehicles for preventative maintenance · Repair services · Fuel, and car wash services for all

  4. Services | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque|Sensitive Species Sensitive SpeciesServices InitiativesServices

  5. Services | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque|Sensitive Species Sensitive SpeciesServicesServices

  6. Domain-specific Web Service Discovery with Service Class Descriptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rocco, D; Caverlee, J; Liu, L; Critchlow, T J

    2005-02-14

    This paper presents DynaBot, a domain-specific web service discovery system. The core idea of the DynaBot service discovery system is to use domain-specific service class descriptions powered by an intelligent Deep Web crawler. In contrast to current registry-based service discovery systems--like the several available UDDI registries--DynaBot promotes focused crawling of the Deep Web of services and discovers candidate services that are relevant to the domain of interest. It uses intelligent filtering algorithms to match services found by focused crawling with the domain-specific service class descriptions. We demonstrate the capability of DynaBot through the BLAST service discovery scenario and describe our initial experience with DynaBot.

  7. Service Levels and Associated Cleaning Areas Service Level 0 -No Service will be provided.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Level 0 ­ Includes all rooms/areas categorized as: Hazardous Material, mechanical, storage, issue, stockService Levels and Associated Cleaning Areas Service Level 0 - No Service will be provided. Service Level 1- Includes all rooms/areas categorized as: offices, copy, file, mail, hallways, vestibules

  8. Reoxidation of Bioreduced Uranium Under Reducing Conditions ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    provided as a public service. Visit OSTI to utilize additional information resources in energy science and technology. A paper copy of this document is also available for sale to...

  9. The Relationship Between Service Availability and Proximity and Reducing Foster Care 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    of energy restriction on cancellous microarchitecture and bone cell activity at the proximal tibia ............................................................................................ 69 Table 9 AIN-93M Mature Rodent Diet (D10012M... Page Figure 12 Uterine weight is significantly lower due to 40% energy restriction in SHAM loaded groups. ............................................................................... 93 Figure 13 Response of proximal tibia cancellous...

  10. Moving Core Services to the Edge in NGNs for Reducing Managed Infrastructure Size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Yair

    - pected to produce a cost degression of 50% for CAPEX, while OPEX remains fairly stable due to network

  11. Moving Core Services to the Edge in NGNs for Reducing Managed Infrastructure Size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Yair

    % for CAPEX, while OPEX remains fairly stable due to network management and energy costs. At the same time we

  12. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Republic Services Reduces Waste with 87 CNG

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O D S TA IMarylandOrleansRental Cars Go

  13. Food Services Catering Menus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmons, Scott

    ;Breakfast Menus Continental (options available) Coffee/Tea Service Bagels/Danish/ Muffin (Regular or Mini Coffee, Tea, Juice, Bagels, Muffins, Danish, Whole Fruit, Tuna Salad, Egg Salad, Lox platter Additional wrap Roast Vegetable Wrap Falafel Wrap with Humus Grilled Vegetables with baby greens on a Baguette

  14. Research Services Publications Fund

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Research Services Publications Fund Purpose: To support the publishing of scholarly and creative works of University of Saskatchewan faculty as well as to assist in supporting scholarly journals,000 to assist in Publishing costs; or · up to $5,000 for a formal Book Publication Subvention; · Learned Journal

  15. Business Services Strategic Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    Business Services Strategic Plan 2008-2014 New Synergies: Launching Tomorrow's Leaders Discovery implementation of the University Strategic Plan Analyze, plan, and manage University finances, processes, and contracts in global and strategic partnerships Review existing capital financing plans and the process

  16. Future Internet Research, Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sztrik, János

    -financed by the European Social Fund. National Development Agency www.ujszechenyiterv.gov.hu 06 40 638 638 Foreword research and development projects were granted, and many young colleagues were involved into the work;3 Future Internet Research, Services and Technology The project is supported by the European Union and co

  17. Personal Services Agreements Waivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Personal Services Agreements Waivers: Appendix B Responsible Administrative Units: Human Resources and materials to the Human Resources Office for review and approval. Please note, this waiver is valid only in the Director's Rule 10-4(E)(4). All commitment vouchers issued under this waiver must comply with State Fiscal

  18. Safety & Environmental Protection Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasgow, University of

    of care in waste storage and disposal is available on Safety and Environmental Protection Service's (SEPS sustainably and to protect the environment and, in line with this, recycles waste wherever practicable to biological properties). In addition some activities produce radioactive waste. Radioactive waste

  19. C SOUTHWEST FOREST SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LUMBER POTENTIAL OF 12-YEAR-OLD SALlGNA EUCALYPTUS TREES IN HAWAl Roger G. Satolmen USDA F Q P ~ S ~Service Resea~ckl o k g PSW-288 1974 Abstract: The sawtimber potential of 12-year-old Eucalyptus saligna when pressure treated. Oxford: 176.1(969): 812.31: 852:2. Retrieval Terms: Eucalyptus saligna; Hawaii

  20. International Affairs International Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Chemistry Business Administration Electrical EngineeringI International Affairs International Services Fall 0.2% Denmark 4 0.3% Dominica 2 0.1% Dominican Republic 3 0.2% Ecuador 10 0.7% Egypt 10 0.7% El

  1. Parking & Transportation Services Sustainability &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    : 2011 #12;As a long-time leader in the areas of waste abatement, pollution reduction, energy management Metro Commuter Services Infinity Award ­ in recognition of alternative transportation programs. · 1996 to maintaining impressive and viable alternative transportation programs. TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM DESIGNS

  2. LIBRARY SERVICES LIBRARY HOURS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    LIBRARY SERVICES LIBRARY HOURS Up-to-date library hours are posted at http Wesleyan ID that is linked to the library circulation database is needed to charge out library materials to visit the Circulation Office in Olin Library 115 to set up their borrowing privileges. If you have

  3. Library Services Customer Charter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    Library Services Customer Charter Our commitment to you is to: · ensure your needs are the focus you informed of progress. To help us achieve this we ask you to: · treat your fellow users and library staff with respect and courtesy · carry your College ID or Library membership card in order to access

  4. Forest Service Research Note

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    management problems, such as Planning-Programing-Budgeting, will require automated procedures to col- lect in terms of products and services and alter- native methods of producing them . The out- puts from PPBS- semble forest data up to an economic limit of about 50,000 lines of map data at an average cost of 0

  5. Reducing Your Leak Rate Without Repairing Leaks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beals, C.

    2005-01-01

    below the header pressure have the added advantage of reducing the air consumption of equipment, as well as reducing the leak rate. Turn Off the Air to Idle Equipment In most plants, when production equipment operators shut off their equipment... of the reason why plant personnel often find leak repair unproductive. The other reason relates to the compressor controls. If the plant had several lubricated rotary screw compressors operating in modulation, repairing 2,000 cfm in leaks may only reduce...

  6. An optimizing reduced order FDS for the tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aluffi, Paolo

    An optimizing reduced order FDS for the tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity model Zhendong Luoa) for the tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity model. Ensembles of data are compiled from transient solutions computed from the discrete equation system derived by FDS for the tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity

  7. Reduce Air Infiltration in Furnaces; Industrial Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5 * January 2006 Industrial Technologies Program Reduce Air Infiltration in Furnaces Fuel-fired furnaces discharge combustion products through a stack or a chimney. Hot furnace...

  8. Generalized Reduced Order Modeling of Aeroservoelastic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gariffo, James Michael

    2013-01-01

    Aeroelasticity, Dover, 1996. [7] Dowell, E. , Crawley, E. ,Engineering, 2010. [13] Dowell, E. , “Some Recent AdvancesFL, 2010. [14] Attar, P. and Dowell, E. , “A Reduced Order

  9. Combustion with reduced carbon in the ash

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kobayashi, Hisashi; Bool, III, Lawrence E.

    2005-12-27

    Combustion of coal in which oxygen is injected into the coal as it emerges from burner produces ash having reduced amounts of carbon.

  10. Reducing Logistics Footprints and Replenishment Demands: Nano...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Reducing Logistics Footprints and Replenishment Demands: Nano-engineered Silica Aerogels a Proven Method for Water Treatment Citation Details In-Document Search...

  11. Impact of Load Sharing on Provisioning Services with Consistency Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of ser- vices must provision their servers so that response times remain low even wheen demand is high. The total demand at a serving system is comprised of an aggregate of demands from multiple servicing algorithms provides upper bounds of the response times, and shows that greedy algorithms can reduce

  12. Lead User's theory adapted to services: Towards Service User's Toolkit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Lead User's theory adapted to services: Towards Service User's Toolkit E. Stevens Prof under the perspective of networks and communities. Lead User's theory (LUT) focused mainly is to adapt lead user's theory and practice to the specific case of the intangible processes and services

  13. Service Integration Patterns for Invoking Services from Business Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zdun, Uwe

    in business processes also imply certain requirements on the business process models. In this respect, we in a business process activity. The FIRE AND FORGET ACTIVITY shows how to model a service invocation without any SERVICE patterns address how to model service invocations with asynchronous replies in a business process

  14. OFFICE OF LIBRARY SERVICES 1 CDU Library Services Newsletter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OFFICE OF LIBRARY SERVICES 1 SynapsE CDU Library Services Newsletter CONTENTS Director's Desk 1 New Campus Library News 6 Staffing 7 VOLUME No. 1 ­ 2013 CONTACT US OFFICE OF LIBRARY SERVICES - General Enquiries Casuarina Library T. 08 8946 7016 Palmerston Library T. 08 8946 7870 Alice Springs Library T. 08

  15. Coiled tubing; Operations and services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Welch, J.L. ); Whitlow, R.R. )

    1992-07-01

    This paper reports that pulling tubing to clean out a production liner at Prudhoe Bay Unit Western Operating Area (PBU WOA) averages $600,000 to $800,000. Coiled tubing underreaming was developed to accomplish this objective at lower costs. Beginning in 1988, these operations have been improved through several generations of procedures and tool designs. Using current technology, the underreamer, in conjunction with coiled tubing, can reduce the cost of drilling out to a liner to about $50,000 or $100,000, depending on the amount and type of material to be removed. PBU WOA, operated by BP Exploration, produces about 600,000 bopd from 395 wells. Another 61 wells are used to inject produced water, seawater and miscible fluids. Most of the remedial well servicing operations are conducted using coiled tubing (CT). Three contract coiled tubing units (CTUs) work daily, performing wellbore cleanouts, stimulations, inflatable bridge plug installations and cement squeeze operations. About 42 underreaming jobs were performed from 1990 to 1991 at PBU WOA for an average cost of between $75,000 and $100,000, a cost savings of $500,000 power well compared to pulling tubing and cleaning out the wells conventionally.

  16. THE COST OF REDUCING VOC EMMISSIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    THE COST OF REDUCING VOC EMMISSIONS FROM 21 INDUSTRIES BY JONATHAN FISHER CSERGE WORKING PAPER WM 97-03 #12;THE COST OF REDUCING VOC EMISSIONS FROM 21 INDUSTRIES by Jonathan Fisher ERM Economics 8 and Industry to estimate the costs of various levels of controls on emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds

  17. Power-Saving in Storage Systems for Internet Hosting Services with Data Access Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    percentage of the total computing energy is consumed by the storage systems, various attempts at reducingPower-Saving in Storage Systems for Internet Hosting Services with Data Access Prediction Jumpei@cs.tsukuba.ac.jp Abstract--We present a power-saving method for storage systems in Internet hosting services, particularly

  18. Proactive Service Migration for Long-Running Byzantine Fault Tolerant Systems Wenbing Zhao and Honglei Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Wenbing

    Proactive Service Migration for Long-Running Byzantine Fault Tolerant Systems Wenbing Zhao scheme based on service migration for long-running Byzantine fault tolerant systems. Proactive recovery threats from malicious adversaries. The primary benefit of our proactive recovery scheme is a reduced

  19. Features as Service Transformers Glenn Bruns and Peter Mataga and Ian Sutherland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruns, Glenn

    Features as Service Transformers Glenn Bruns and Peter Mataga and Ian Sutherland Software of telecommunications companies is to reduce time to market. An obstacle to this goal in telephone switching equipment a feature is seen as a service transformer. We then define two notions of feature inter­ action

  20. Exploring Bundling Sale Strategy in Online Service Markets with Network Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lui, John C.S.

    /services and charges this bundle at a fixed price, which is usually less than the total price of individual items of the key factors, including the network effects and operating costs, on the profitability of bundling. We of services and the asymmetry of operating costs reduce the advantage of bundling. These findings provide

  1. Research Library Service Level Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    Research Library Service Level Agreement 2015-2016 Contents THE SLAC RESEARCH LIBRARY PURPOSE.................................................................................................3 DESCRIPTION OF SLAC RESEARCH LIBRARY COLLECTIONS AND SERVICES......4 Electronic Resources Access.......................................................................................9 APPENDIX: SLAC RESEARCH LIBRARY RULES...................................................10 #12

  2. Method of servicing wellbores

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasztor, A.J.; Stauffer, R.C.

    1981-12-08

    The servicing of wellbores with a high density fluid to maintain an elevated pressure on a portion of the formation penetrated by the well is improved. The improvement comprises injecting as the high density fluid a substantially solids-free aqueous solution of calcium bromide and zinc bromide having a density of at least about 15 pounds per gallon. The aqueous solution is prepared by reacting hydrogen bromide with zinc or compounds of zinc in the presence of an aqueous calcium bromide solution.

  3. Method of servicing wellbores

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stauffer, R. C.; Pasztor, A. J.

    1984-12-25

    The servicing of wellbores with a high density fluid to maintain an elevated pressure on a portion of the formation penetrated by the well is improved. The improvement comprises injecting as the high density fluid a substantially solids-free aqueous solution of calcium bromide and zinc bromide having a density of at least about 15 pounds per gallon. The aqueous solution is prepared by reacting hydrogen bromide with zinc or compounds of zinc in the presence of an aqueous calcium bromide solution.

  4. Services | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFinancialInvestingRenewable Energy (EERE) | DepartmentServices

  5. Semantic Web Services Christoph Bussler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semantic Web Services Christoph Bussler Oracle Corporation The 12th International World Wide Web Conference Budapest, Hungary, May 23rd, 2003 #12;Semantic (Web Services) Christoph Bussler Oracle Corporation(WS) = workflow management ++ S(WS) = [ your current web services prototype ] Ignored experience in a field

  6. Service management solutions White paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    an end-to-end service perspective. · Service management platform is built on IBM Tivoli Change to help align operations with business context and enable customers to manage change. Tivoli CCMDBService management solutions White paper Netcool + Tivoli: delivering service management innovation

  7. Ontologies for Web Service Annotations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissinger, Jessica

    Ontologies for Web Service Annotations OBI & EDAM Dr. Jessica Kissinger Department Of Genetics Role of Enriching OBI for Web Service Annotations EDAM Similarities Between EDAM and OBI, working for Web Service Annotations EDAM Similarities Between EDAM and OBI, working towards the same GOAL Our

  8. Early Education Services Family Handbook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Early Education Services Family Handbook A Partnership in Caring Effective February 2014 Early Education Services University of California at Santa Cruz 599 Koshland Way Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (831) 459-2967 earlyeducation@ucsc.edu #12;2 Early Education Services Phone Numbers earlyeducation

  9. TRANSPORTATION SERVICES VEHICLE RENTAL FEES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) $120.00 PARTS + 10% BRAKE SHOE REPLACEMENT (REAR) $180.00 PARTS + 10% ENGINE FLUSH $60.00 OIL CHANGE $60.00 QM HEAVY EQUIPMENT & OTHERS QM VEHICLES $250.00 SAFETY CHECK $20.00 TIRE SERVICE HEAVY EQUIPMENT TIRE SERVICE FLAT REPAIR $30.00 TIRE SERVICE REPLACEMENT

  10. University Health Service Health Educator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    University Health Service Health Educator A full-time, 12 month Health Educator position is available at the University Health Service, University of Rochester. The Health Educator plans, implements, and evaluates theory- and evidence-based health promotion strategies, programs, and services for University

  11. Semantics-based dynamic Web Service composition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fujii, Keita; Suda, Tatsuya

    2006-01-01

    Composition of Semantic Web Services, in Proceedings of thefor Rapid Composition of Web Services in a Peer-to-PeerInternational Conference on Web Services (ICWS), pp. 576-

  12. Training & Events - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    services. Current and upcoming services, as well as ongoing services are highlighted. Heart Disease This presentation will describe common risk factors for heart disease with...

  13. Presentations & Training - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    services. Current and upcoming services, as well as ongoing services are highlighted. Heart Disease This presentation will describe common risk factors for heart disease with...

  14. QoS-Assured Service Composition in Managed Service Overlay Networks Xiaohui Gu, Klara Nahrstedt Rong N. Chang, Christopher Ward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahrstedt, Klara

    Network (SON) SON Access Domain Service Provider: XXX.com service instance X service instance Y service

  15. MANUFACTURING & SERVICE OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitt, Ward

    ; employee turnover; churn; agent job satisfaction; compensation; autonomy; stress; stochastic models sat- isfaction, as evidenced by high turnover, referred to as churn (Cleveland and Hash 2004). There is good reason to believe that churn can be reduced (reten- tion can be increased) by increasing employee

  16. Update on Service Management project

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    GS and IT Service Management project status meeting -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Distribution: Sigurd Lettow, Frederic Hemmer, Thomas Pettersson, David Foster, Matti Tiirakari, GS&IT; Service Providers When and where: Thursday 2nd September at 10:00-11:30 in IFiltration Plant (222-R-001) Dear All, We would like to inform you about progress made on different topics like the Service Catalogue, the new Service Management Tool and the Service Desk. We would also like to present the plan for when we hope to "go live" and what this will mean for all of you running and providing services today. We will need your active support and help in the coming months to make this happen. GS&IT; Service Management Teams Reinoud Martens, Mats Moller

  17. Reducing Safety Flaring through Advanced Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hokanson, D.; Lehman, K.; Matsumoto, S.; Takai, N.; Takase, F.

    2010-01-01

    An advanced process control application, using DMCplus® (Aspen Technology, Inc.), was developed to substantially reduce fuel gas losses to the flare at a large integrated refining / petrochemical complex. Fluctuations in internal fuel gas system...

  18. Working Together to Reduce Our Environmental Footprint

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ground Floor, & DOE Cafeteria MONDAY APRIL 20 11:00 A.M. - 2:30 P.M. * Environmental Film Series * Forrestal Small Auditorium GJ-015 See two excellent films related to reducing...

  19. Reducing Emissions in Plant Flaring Operations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duck, B.

    2011-01-01

    latest technologies and reducing green house gas emissions.1 The company also created a Green Team with the objective of achieving zero injury, zero pollution, and zero accidents for all production facilities. These Green Teams advocated the company's new...

  20. Process for reducing aqueous nitrate to ammonia

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mattus, A.J.

    1993-11-30

    Powdered aluminum is added to a nitrate-containing alkaline, aqueous solution to reduce the nitrate and/or nitrite to ammonia and co-produce a sinterable ceramic product. 3 figures.

  1. On reduced relatives with genitive subjects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krause, Cornelia (Cornelia Ann), 1972-

    2001-01-01

    What is the place of relatives with genitive subjects in a typology of relative clauses? Are they full or reduced, headed or free relatives? Can they appear pre- and postnominally? Can they be head-internal relatives? Are ...

  2. Reducing Your Electricity Use | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    If you are planning to install a small renewable energy system to make your own electricity, such as a solar electric system or small wind turbine, reducing your electricity...

  3. “Friday off”: Reducing Working Hours in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallis, Giorgos

    This article explores the pros and cons for reducing working hours in Europe. To arrive to an informed judgment we review critically the theoretical and empirical literature, mostly from economics, concerning the relation ...

  4. New waste-heat refrigeration unit cuts flaring, reduces pollution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brant, B.; Brueske, S.; Erickson, D.; Papar, R.

    1998-05-18

    Planetec Utility Services Co. Inc. and Energy Concepts Co. (ECC), with the help of the US Department of Energy (DOE), developed and commissioned a unique waste-heat powered LPG recovery plant in August 1997 at the 30,000 b/d Denver refinery, operated by Ultramar Diamond Shamrock (UDS). This new environmentally friendly technology reduces flare emissions and the loss of salable liquid-petroleum products to the fuel-gas system. The waste heat ammonia absorption refrigeration plant (Whaarp) is the first technology of its kind to use low-temperature waste heat (295 F) to achieve sub-zero refrigeration temperatures ({minus}40 F) with the capability of dual temperature loads in a refinery setting. The ammonia absorption refrigeration is applied to the refinery`s fuel-gas makeup streams to condense over 180 b/d of salable liquid hydrocarbon products. The recovered liquid, about 64,000 bbl/year of LPG and gasoline, increases annual refinery profits by nearly $1 million, while substantially reducing air pollution emissions from the refinery`s flare.

  5. Continuous Improvement Energy Projects Reduce Energy Consumption 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niemeyer, E.

    2014-01-01

    Projects Reduce Energy Consumption Eric Niemeyer, Operations Superintendent Drilling Specialties Company A division of Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP ESL-IE-14-05-31 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New... of the paper “Continuous Improvement Energy Projects Reduce Energy Consumption” by Bruce Murray and Allison Myers ESL-IE-14-05-31 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Conroe, TX Facility ESL...

  6. Reducing mode circulating fluid bed combustion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lin, Yung-Yi (Katy, TX); Sadhukhan, Pasupati (Katy, TX); Fraley, Lowell D. (Sugarland, TX); Hsiao, Keh-Hsien (Houston, TX)

    1986-01-01

    A method for combustion of sulfur-containing fuel in a circulating fluid bed combustion system wherein the fuel is burned in a primary combustion zone under reducing conditions and sulfur captured as alkaline sulfide. The reducing gas formed is oxidized to combustion gas which is then separated from solids containing alkaline sulfide. The separated solids are then oxidized and recycled to the primary combustion zone.

  7. Reduced waste generation technical work plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-05-01

    The United States Department of Energy has established policies for avoiding plutonium losses to the waste streams and minimizing the generation of wastes produced at its nuclear facilities. This policy is evidenced in DOE Order 5820.2, which states Technical and administrative controls shall be directed towards reducing the gross volume of TRU waste generated and the amount of radioactivity in such waste.'' To comply with the DOE directive, the Defense Transuranic Waste Program (DTWP) supports and provides funding for specific research and development tasks at the various DOE sites to reduce the generation of waste. This document has been prepared to give an overview of current and past Reduced Waste Generation task activities which are to be based on technical and cost/benefit factors. The document is updated annually, or as needed, to reflect the status of program direction. Reduced Waste Generation (RWG) tasks encompass a wide range of goals which are basically oriented toward (1) avoiding the generation of waste, (2) changing processes or operations to reduce waste, (3) converting TRU waste into LLW by sorting or decontamination, and (4) reducing volumes through operations such as incineration or compaction.

  8. Network Characterization Service (NCS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Guojun; Yang, George; Crowley, Brian; Agarwal, Deborah

    2001-06-06

    Distributed applications require information to effectively utilize the network. Some of the information they require is the current and maximum bandwidth, current and minimum latency, bottlenecks, burst frequency, and congestion extent. This type of information allows applications to determine parameters like optimal TCP buffer size. In this paper, we present a cooperative information-gathering tool called the network characterization service (NCS). NCS runs in user space and is used to acquire network information. Its protocol is designed for scalable and distributed deployment, similar to DNS. Its algorithms provide efficient, speedy and accurate detection of bottlenecks, especially dynamic bottlenecks. On current and future networks, dynamic bottlenecks do and will affect network performance dramatically.

  9. Test Circuit Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar FuelTechnologyTel: Name: Rm. Tel:Test Circuit Service Network

  10. Service and Repair Work

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopment Top Scientific Impact SinceService and Repair Work

  11. Data ID Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HAB Packet HanfordDOEDaniel Shechtman andDarkID Service First DOI for a

  12. Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,EnergyEastCarbonOpenSchulthessENDA ProjectsCapitalServices

  13. Temporary Food Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. CoalMexicoConference Tight Oil1 Soil Water andFood Service

  14. Customer Service Plan

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment of EnergyResearchersOctoberCharles DOEJungleWinter (PartCustomer Service

  15. Products, Services: Not Procurable

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-Rich Matrices inPrincipalFirmProduction ProjectServices

  16. Semantic Web Enabled Composition of Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medjahed, Brahim

    Semantic Web Enabled Composition of Web Services Brahim Medjahed Dissertation submitted Falls Church, Virginia, USA Keywords: Semantic Web - Web Service - Ontology - Service Composition. Copyright 2004, Brahim Medjahed #12;Semantic Web Enabled Composition of Web Services Brahim Medjahed

  17. 8.16 Information Services Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swain, Peter

    . These include libraries, computing services, archive services, and information support services. Such functions Guides and catalogues to collections, including the library public access catalogue. Material referenced8.16 Information Services Introduction This category covers those functions within the institution

  18. Dispatching Demand ResponseTransit Service: Maximizing Productivity and Service Quality Guidebook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dispatching Demand ResponseTransit Service: Maximizing Productivity and Service Quality Guidebook and Subtitle Dispatching Demand Response Transit Service Maximizing Productivity and Service Quality Guidebook while maintaining service quality. Researchers collected data from 42 demand response rural and small

  19. General Services Administration Photovoltaics Project in Sacramento...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    General Services Administration Photovoltaics Project in Sacramento, California General Services Administration Photovoltaics Project in Sacramento, California Document describes a...

  20. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bosch Automotive Service...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bosch Automotive Service Solutions, Inc. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bosch Automotive Service Solutions, Inc. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bosch Automotive...

  1. Coordinating Energy Efficiency With Water Conservation Services...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Coordinating Energy Efficiency With Water Conservation Services Coordinating Energy Efficiency With Water Conservation Services Better Buildings Residential Network Program...

  2. Revisiting Modes of energy generation in sulfate reducing bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachimiak, Marcin

    2010-01-01

    generation in sulfate reducing bacteria 1. Lawrence BerkeleyAbstract Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) play an importantin the sulfate-reducing bacteria Desulfovibrio sp." FEMS

  3. Reduce Pumping Costs Through Optimum Pipe Sizing | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reduce Pumping Costs Through Optimum Pipe Sizing Reduce Pumping Costs Through Optimum Pipe Sizing This tip sheet discusses how to reduce pumping system costs through optimum pipe...

  4. UCD IT Services Customer Charter "Our commitment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    services. UCD IT Services is committed to supporting the University's core missions of education, researchUCD IT Services Customer Charter "Our commitment to you" UCD IT Services Seirbhísí TF UCD #12 Services The Customer Charter sets out: Our Customer Charter UCD IT Services #12;Who we are & who our

  5. A Systems Approach to Service Science Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glushko, Robert J.

    A Systems Approach to Service Science Research Service Science Faculty Workshop National Tsing Hua@ischool.berkeley.edu Plan for Today's Talk Motivating the Concept of "Service System" Making Sense of the Service System Concept Modeling Approaches for Service Systems "Point of View" in Service Systems Bridging the Front

  6. Microsoft Word - Notice - Rate Order Signed.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Ancillary Services and Transmission Service Penalty for Unreserved Use Formula Rates into effect on an interim basis on January 1, 2010. The Federal Register notice...

  7. Smart Buildings Equipment Initiative | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    increased interest in new strategies for engaging building energy assets to provide peak load management, regulation services, and ancillary services to the grid. Such engagement...

  8. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    governance in managing ecosystem service trade-offs,” International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental

  9. Infrared photoemitting diode having reduced work function

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hirschfeld, T.B.

    1982-05-06

    In electro-optical detectors which include as elements a photoemitting photocathode and anode, a photoemitting diode is fabricated which lowers the diode's work function, thus reducing the cooling requirement typically needed for this type of device. The work function is reduced by sandwiching between the photocathode and anode a liquid meidum of the formula NR/sub 3/ and having an electron affinity for the electrons of the photocathode, which liquid medium permits free electrons leaving the photocathode to remain as stable solvated species in the liquid medium. Thus, highly light-absorbent, and therefore thin, metallic layers can be used for detection, thereby reducing dark current at a given temperature, with a consequent reduction in cooling requirements at constant detector performance.

  10. Process for reducing beta activity in uranium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Briggs, G.G.; Kato, T.R.; Schonegg, E.

    1985-04-11

    This invention is a method for lowering the beta radiation hazards associated with the casting of uranium. The method reduces the beta radiation emitted from the as-cast surfaces of uranium ingots. The method also reduces the amount of beta radiation emitters retained on the interiors of the crucibles that have been used to melt the uranium charges and which undergone cleaning in a remote handling facility. The lowering of the radioactivity is done by scavenging the beta emitters from the molten uranium with a molten mixture containing the fluorides of magnesium and calcium. The method provides a means of collection and disposal of the beta emitters in a manner that reduces radiation exposure to operating personnel in the work area where the ingots are cast and processed. 5 tabs.

  11. Process for reducing beta activity in uranium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Briggs, Gifford G. (Cincinnatti, OH); Kato, Takeo R. (Cincinnatti, OH); Schonegg, Edward (Cleves, OH)

    1986-01-01

    This invention is a method for lowering the beta radiation hazards associated with the casting of uranium. The method reduces the beta radiation emitted from the as-cast surfaces of uranium ingots. The method also reduces the amount of beta radiation emitters retained on the interiors of the crucibles that have been used to melt the uranium charges and which have undergone cleaning in a remote handling facility. The lowering of the radioactivity is done by scavenging the beta emitters from the molten uranium with a molten mixture containing the fluorides of magnesium and calcium. The method provides a means of collection and disposal of the beta emitters in a manner that reduces radiation exposure to operating personnel in the work area where the ingots are cast and processed.

  12. Data Integration using Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Mark

    2003-02-10

    In this paper we examine the opportunities for data integration in the context of the emerging Web Services systems development paradigm. The paper introduces the ...

  13. Research Data Management: Tools & Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsang, Daniel C

    2013-01-01

    Research Data Management Tools & Services Daniel C.Data Librarian, UCI Libraries Research Data Management Manyand provide stewardship for research data generated by

  14. Beryllium - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hanford in accordance with 10 CFR 850. This program is designed to provide professional services in support of Hanford workers. HPMC OMS is committed to the health, preventive...

  15. Ergonomics - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Font Size Decrease Font Size AMHErgonomicsImages HPMC OMS provides ergonomic support services which include consultation, office and field ergonomic evaluation and education....

  16. Director, Information Technology Services Office

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The mission of the information Technologies Services Office is to provide effective corporate management leadership to proactively identify and manage business system efficiency improvements and to...

  17. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    Year - 20% [ ] 3rd Year - 20% [ ] 4th Year - 25% CANCELLED: PRINCIPAL AMOUNT INTEREST AMOUNT SIGNATURE Health Service Act, as amended by Public Law 107-205. The form must be submitted for each complete year of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by Public Law 107-205, for one year of employment as a full

  18. Client Services Team Member, Student Union & Event Services JOB SUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    of the Student Union, SUES operations, policies, and procedures in order to ensure smooth operations within the Client Services Manager in recording equipment inventory, building maintenance needs, and event issues from the Client Services Manager, Setup Manager, and Event Operations Coordinator. · Enforce building

  19. Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Climate Stabilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Climate Stabilization: Framing Regional Options L A U R A S C reduction of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by as much as 80% by 2050. Subnational efforts to cut The call to cut global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by up to 80% below 2000 levels, which researchers

  20. Reduced models of algae growth Heikki Haario,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bardsley, John

    Reduced models of algae growth Heikki Haario, Leonid Kalachev Marko Laine, Lappeenranta University of the phenomena studied. Here, in the case of algae growth modelling, we show how a systematic model reduction may: Algae growth modelling, asymptotic methods, model reduction, MCMC, Adaptive Markov chain Monte Carlo. 1

  1. WASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for reduction in mixed waste generation Pump Oil Substitution 51 Hazardous Waste / Industrial Waste $3,520 $6 with the subsequent clean up costs ($15,000). Hydraulic Oil Product Substitution 3,000 Industrial Waste $26,000 $0 $26WASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED, REUSED, RECYCLED OR CONSERVED IN 2003 WASTE TYPE

  2. WASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    reflect avoided waste disposal costs and lower material purchase costs ($6000) Hydraulic Oil ProductWASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED, REUSED, RECYCLED OR CONSERVED IN 2002 WASTE TYPE DESCRIPTION DETAILS * Electrophoretic Mini-Gels Microscale Chemical Use 2,200 Hazardous Waste - Lab Pack $10

  3. WASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Removed grit and sludge are mixed with the waste oil. Photon-counting spectrofluorimeter Substitution 54 or composted at the stump dump. Plant Engineering grounds vehicle wash system * Waste minimization 8,000 OilsWASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED, REUSED, RECYCLED OR CONSERVED IN 2007 WASTE TYPE

  4. Reduced No.sub.x combustion method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Delano, Mark A. (Briarcliff Manor, NY)

    1991-01-01

    A combustion method enabling reduced NO.sub.x formation wherein fuel and oxidant are separately injected into a combustion zone in a defined velocity relation, combustion gases are aspirated into the oxidant stream prior to intermixture with the fuel, and the fuel is maintained free from contact with oxygen until the intermixture.

  5. Light gas gun with reduced timing jitter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Laabs, G.W.; Funk, D.J.; Asay, B.W.

    1998-06-09

    Gas gun with reduced timing jitter is disclosed. A gas gun having a prepressurized projectile held in place with a glass rod in compression is described. The glass rod is destroyed with an explosive at a precise time which allows a restraining pin to be moved and free the projectile. 4 figs.

  6. Light gas gun with reduced timing jitter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Laabs, Gary W. (Los Alamos, NM); Funk, David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Asay, Blaine W. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1998-01-01

    Gas gun with reduced timing jitter. A gas gun having a prepressurized projectile held in place with a glass rod in compression is described. The glass rod is destroyed with an explosive at a precise time which allows a restraining pin to be moved and free the projectile.

  7. Projection screen having reduced ambient light scattering

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-05-11

    An apparatus and method for improving the contrast between incident projected light and ambient light reflected from a projection screen are described. The efficiency of the projection screen for reflection of the projected light remains high, while permitting the projection screen to be utilized in a brightly lighted room. Light power requirements from the projection system utilized may be reduced.

  8. Reducing Food Safety Risks in Community Gardens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Reducing Food Safety Risks in Community Gardens Creating and maintaining community and school gardens has been identified as an effective strategy to increase healthy food awareness and consumption in the U.S. since 1990. In commercial food production, employing a set of risk-reduction steps -- known

  9. SATURATION COMPENSATING INPUT SHAPERS FOR REDUCING VIBRATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singhose, William

    input shaper and feedback controller was successfully implemented by Drapeau and Wang on a five-bar The Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30332, USA ABSTRACT Input shaping can be used to eliminate or greatly reduce residual vibration of flexible mechanical

  10. Reduced MHD in Nearly Potential Magnetic Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strauss, Hank

    Reduced MHD in Nearly Potential Magnetic Fields H.R. Strauss Courant Institute of Mathematical that the magnetic field is close to a potential field. The potential field can have an arbitrary three dimensional. It is also the case in solar and stellar coronal magnetic fields, and in regions of the geomagnetic field

  11. CAREER SERVICES University of Pennsylvania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    Masters in Technology Management Program. Manufacturing and technology continue to be the top sectors Master's students, excluding students in the Executive Masters of Technology and Management program Manufacturing 44 Technology 31 Financial Services 21 Education 17 Services (Consulting, Construction) 5 in each

  12. RESTful Web service composition with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Doo-Hwan

    RESTful Web service composition with BPEL for REST Cesare Pautasso Data & Knowledge Engineering (2009) 2010-05-04 Seul-Ki Lee #12;Contents Introduction Background Design principles of RESTful Web SE LAB 2010 #12;Introduction (1/5) Web Service Describes web-based applications over the web

  13. Library Services for NHS Staff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Library Services for NHS Staff #12;Joining the Library All staff of the NHS Trusts covered by the Service Level Agreement between Imperial College London Libraries and NHS London may join the Library in those trusts may also be eligible to join. For further details see: www.imperial.ac.uk/library/NHS NHS

  14. Service Assessment Hurricane Floyd Floods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Service Assessment Hurricane Floyd Floods of September 1999 mm r u, /"' r U.S.DEPARTMENTOF COMMERCE: Hurricane Floyd Floods of September 1999. Aerial view of Grifton, North Carolina, with flooding from the Neuse River. (Photograph courtesy of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.) #12;Service Assessment Hurricane

  15. United States Department of the Interior, Douglas McKay, Secretary Fish and Wildlife Service j John L, Farley ~ Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Up Customer Service in a Retail Grocery Store 15 What A Good Package Should Do 25 Conducting Causes of Customer Complalnts Wage Incentives Wlll Help Reduce Costs Info rna ive Labels Do a Job Slmpllf

  16. Decreased Funding Reduces Orders Timeline Citing the impact of reduced funding, Navy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decreased Funding Reduces Orders Timeline Citing the impact of reduced funding, Navy announced Feb that allows for continuous normal operations while a final budget is approved. Navy Personnel Command the orders are released. Navy has utilized this prioritization strategy in previous PCS funding

  17. Quantum cryptographic system with reduced data loss

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lo, H.K.; Chau, H.F.

    1998-03-24

    A secure method for distributing a random cryptographic key with reduced data loss is disclosed. Traditional quantum key distribution systems employ similar probabilities for the different communication modes and thus reject at least half of the transmitted data. The invention substantially reduces the amount of discarded data (those that are encoded and decoded in different communication modes e.g. using different operators) in quantum key distribution without compromising security by using significantly different probabilities for the different communication modes. Data is separated into various sets according to the actual operators used in the encoding and decoding process and the error rate for each set is determined individually. The invention increases the key distribution rate of the BB84 key distribution scheme proposed by Bennett and Brassard in 1984. Using the invention, the key distribution rate increases with the number of quantum signals transmitted and can be doubled asymptotically. 23 figs.

  18. Methods of reducing vehicle aerodynamic drag

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sirenko V.; Rohatgi U.

    2012-07-08

    A small scale model (length 1710 mm) of General Motor SUV was built and tested in the wind tunnel for expected wind conditions and road clearance. Two passive devices, rear screen which is plate behind the car and rear fairing where the end of the car is aerodynamically extended, were incorporated in the model and tested in the wind tunnel for different wind conditions. The conclusion is that rear screen could reduce drag up to 6.5% and rear fairing can reduce the drag by 26%. There were additional tests for front edging and rear vortex generators. The results for drag reduction were mixed. It should be noted that there are aesthetic and practical considerations that may allow only partial implementation of these or any drag reduction options.

  19. Cascaded Microinverter PV System for Reduced Cost

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellus, Daniel R.; Ely, Jeffrey A.

    2013-04-29

    In this project, a team led by Delphi will develop and demonstrate a novel cascaded photovoltaic (PV) inverter architecture using advanced components. This approach will reduce the cost and improve the performance of medium and large-sized PV systems. The overall project objective is to develop, build, and test a modular 11-level cascaded three-phase inverter building block for photovoltaic applications and to develop and analyze the associated commercialization plan. The system will be designed to utilize photovoltaic panels and will supply power to the electric grid at 208 VAC, 60 Hz 3-phase. With the proposed topology, three inverters, each with an embedded controller, will monitor and control each of the cascade sections, reducing costs associated with extra control boards. This report details the final disposition on this project.

  20. Device for reducing vehicle aerodynamic resistance

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Graham, Sean C.

    2006-08-22

    A device for reducing vehicle aerodynamic resistance for vehicles having a generally rectangular body disposed above rear wheels, comprising a plurality of load bearing struts attached to the bottom of the rectangular body adjacent its sides, a plurality of opposing flat sheets attached to the load bearing struts, and angled flaps attached to the lower edge of the opposing sheets defining an obtuse angle with the opposing flat sheets extending inwardly with respect to the sides of the rectangular body to a predetermined height above the ground, which, stiffen the opposing flat sheets, bend to resist damage when struck by the ground, and guide airflow around the rear wheels of the vehicle to reduce its aerodynamic resistance when moving.

  1. Quantum cryptographic system with reduced data loss

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lo, Hoi-Kwong (1309, Low Block, Lei Moon House Ap Lei Chau Estate, Hong Kong, HK); Chau, Hoi Fung (Flat C, 42nd Floor, Tower 1, University Heights 23 Pokfield Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, HK)

    1998-01-01

    A secure method for distributing a random cryptographic key with reduced data loss. Traditional quantum key distribution systems employ similar probabilities for the different communication modes and thus reject at least half of the transmitted data. The invention substantially reduces the amount of discarded data (those that are encoded and decoded in different communication modes e.g. using different operators) in quantum key distribution without compromising security by using significantly different probabilities for the different communication modes. Data is separated into various sets according to the actual operators used in the encoding and decoding process and the error rate for each set is determined individually. The invention increases the key distribution rate of the BB84 key distribution scheme proposed by Bennett and Brassard in 1984. Using the invention, the key distribution rate increases with the number of quantum signals transmitted and can be doubled asymptotically.

  2. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES CRM Agent Training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES CRM Agent Training Assigning an agent to a case Service Management case, select the case number. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES #12;3 5. When the case page has opened TECHNOLOGY SERVICES #12;4 7. Select the appropriate provider group. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES #12;5 8

  3. Device for reducing vehicle aerodynamic resistance

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Graham, Sean C.

    2005-02-15

    A device for a vehicle with a pair of swinging rear doors, which converts flat sheets of pliable material hinged to the sides of the vehicle adjacent the rear thereof into effective curved airfoils that reduce the aerodynamic resistance of the vehicle, when the doors are closed by hand, utilizing a plurality of stiffeners disposed generally parallel to the doors and affixed to the sheets and a plurality of collapsible tension bearings struts attached to each stiffener and the adjacent door.

  4. Renewable Energy Can Help Reduce Oil Dependency

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Arvizu, Dan

    2013-05-29

    In a speech to the Economic Club of Kansas City on June 23, 2010, NREL Director Dan Arvizu takes a realistic look at how renewable energy can help reduce America's dependence on oil, pointing out that the country gets as much energy from renewable sources now as it does from offshore oil production. For a transcript, visit http://www.nrel.gov/director/pdfs/energy_overview_06_10.pdf

  5. Renewable Energy Can Help Reduce Oil Dependency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arvizu, Dan

    2010-01-01

    In a speech to the Economic Club of Kansas City on June 23, 2010, NREL Director Dan Arvizu takes a realistic look at how renewable energy can help reduce America's dependence on oil, pointing out that the country gets as much energy from renewable sources now as it does from offshore oil production. For a transcript, visit http://www.nrel.gov/director/pdfs/energy_overview_06_10.pdf

  6. Reducing Photovoltaic Costs | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool FitsProject Developsfor UCNIEnvironmental ImpactReducing Non-Hardware Costs

  7. Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry -Forestry Service Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

    E-988 Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry - Forestry Service Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service United States Department of Agriculture - Forestry Service Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation Natural Resources Conservation Service Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food

  8. Service platform strategy : social networking and mobile service platform perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, Jang Hoon, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    The significance of the service platform is increasing, while studies on this phenomenon remain scarce and insufficient. Most of the researches focus on products, market segmentation and how platform triggers innovation ...

  9. RESTful Web Services at BNL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casella, R.

    2011-06-14

    RESTful (REpresentational State Transfer) web services are an alternative implementation to SOAP/RPC web services in a client/server model. BNLs IT Division has started deploying RESTful Web Services for enterprise data retrieval and manipulation. Data is currently used by system administrators for tracking configuration information and as it is expanded will be used by Cyber Security for vulnerability management and as an aid to cyber investigations. This talk will describe the implementation and outstanding issues as well as some of the reasons for choosing RESTful over SOAP/RPC and future directions.

  10. Coiled tubing; Operations and services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sas-Jaworsky, A. II )

    1991-12-01

    This article outlines the minimum safety requirements that should be considered for onshore and offshore oil well service operations with coiled tubing equipment. These guidelines comply with Minerals Management Service (MMS) regulations issued on May 31, 1988, for offshore work. Where specific MMS regulations are sited, the regulation reference, Incident of Non-Compliance (INC), number is provided. These guidelines can be used by operators and contractors, and although U.S. offshore operations are emphasized, they are applicable wherever coiled tubing services are used.

  11. INTEGRATING PROJECT MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS AS WEB SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    INTEGRATING PROJECT MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS AS WEB SERVICES Jinxing Cheng1 , Kincho H. Law2 of distributed software applications as Web services. Specifically, information modeling for project management applications as Web services. Specifically, information modeling for project management applications

  12. Web Services for Recovery.gov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilde, Erik; Kansa, Eric C; Yee, Raymond

    2009-01-01

    of Information Report 2009-035 Web Services for Recovery.govInformation Report 2009-035 Web Services for Recovery.gov [and Sam Ruby. RESTful Web Services. O’Reilly & Associates,

  13. Enhancing UCSF Chimera through web services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, CC; Meng, EC; Morris, JH; Pettersen, EF; Ferrin, TE

    2014-01-01

    W.W. (2010) Opal web services for biomedical applications.UCSF Chimera through web services Conrad C. Huang, Elaine C.ABSTRACT Integrating access to web services with desktop ap-

  14. Galaxy Web Service Extensions User Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissinger, Jessica

    Galaxy Web Service Extensions User Guide Last Updated: 2014-03-24 Written by Michael E. Cotterell The Galaxy Web Service Extensions, hereafter to use Web service operations as tools inside of Galaxy, both as standalone tools

  15. Towards Autonomic Processes and Services Schahram Dustdar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    Towards Autonomic Processes and Services Schahram Dustdar Distributed Systems Group Institute "service- oriented". For example, telecommunications, financial services, healthcare, logistics, just composition and business process design and management relevant at all? Why is it not enough to use workflow

  16. Zigzag laser with reduced optical distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Albrecht, Georg F. (Livermore, CA); Comaskey, Brian (Stockton, CA); Sutton, Steven B. (Manteca, CA)

    1994-01-01

    The architecture of the present invention has been driven by the need to solve the beam quality problems inherent in Brewster's angle tipped slab lasers. The entrance and exit faces of a solid state slab laser are cut perpendicular with respect to the pump face, thus intrinsically eliminating distortion caused by the unpumped Brewster's angled faces. For a given zigzag angle, the residual distortions inherent in the remaining unpumped or lightly pumped ends may be reduced further by tailoring the pump intensity at these ends.

  17. Zigzag laser with reduced optical distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Albrecht, G.F.; Comaskey, B.; Sutton, S.B.

    1994-04-19

    The architecture of the present invention has been driven by the need to solve the beam quality problems inherent in Brewster's angle tipped slab lasers. The entrance and exit faces of a solid state slab laser are cut perpendicular with respect to the pump face, thus intrinsically eliminating distortion caused by the unpumped Brewster's angled faces. For a given zigzag angle, the residual distortions inherent in the remaining unpumped or lightly pumped ends may be reduced further by tailoring the pump intensity at these ends. 11 figures.

  18. Distributed Bragg Reflectors With Reduced Optical Absorption

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klem, John F. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2005-08-16

    A new class of distributed Bragg reflectors has been developed. These distributed Bragg reflectors comprise interlayers positioned between sets of high-index and low-index quarter-wave plates. The presence of these interlayers is to reduce photon absorption resulting from spatially indirect photon-assisted electronic transitions between the high-index and low-index quarter wave plates. The distributed Bragg reflectors have applications for use in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for use at 1.55 .mu.m and at other wavelengths of interest.

  19. Method and apparatus for reducing mixed waste

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Elliott, Michael L. (Kennewick, WA); Perez, Jr., Joseph M. (Richland, WA); Chapman, Chris C. (Richland, WA); Peters, Richard D. (Pasco, WA)

    1995-01-01

    The present invention is a method and apparatus for in-can waste reduction. The method is mixing waste with combustible material prior to placing the waste into a waste reduction vessel. The combustible portion is ignited, thereby reducing combustible material to ash and non-combustible material to a slag. Further combustion or heating may be used to sinter or melt the ash. The apparatus is a waste reduction vessel having receiving canister connection means on a first end, and a waste/combustible mixture inlet on a second end. An oxygen supply is provided to support combustion of the combustible mixture.

  20. Schrödinger Spacetimes with Screen and Reduced Entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvendra Singh

    2014-10-15

    We study a particular class of type II string vacua which become Schr\\"odinger like spacetime in the IR region but are conformally AdS in asymptotic UV region. These solutions are found to possess some unique properties such as the presence of a spacetime `screen'. This Schr\\"odinger (spacetime) screen is however very different from a black-hole horizon. It requires the presence of finite chemical potential and a negative charge density in the Schr\\"odinger CFT. We find that these vacua give rise to reduced entanglement entropy as compared to Lifshitz-AdS counterpart, perhaps due to the screening effects.

  1. Transmission Services Product Pricing Validation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and 09:00 PPT on the above effective date. On October 15, 2013, at 08:00 (PPT), Transmission Services will be updating the OASIS default product prices to reflect the 2014...

  2. Transmission Services Product Pricing Validation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and 12:00 PPT on the above effective date. On October 1, 2015, at 11:00 (PPT), Transmission Services will be updating the OASIS default product prices to reflect the 2016...

  3. Swansea University, Information Services & Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    Swansea University, Information Services & Systems Information and Digital Literacy Strategy and interpreting information in their subject areas. Our students need the skills to manage an information University need information and digital literacy skills so that they can maximise their opportunities

  4. FORESTRY COMMISSION Mechanical Engineering Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 FORESTRY COMMISSION Mechanical Engineering Services TENDER SALE of surplus Forestry Commission to be in £ Sterling. 3. Tenders will be subject to VAT @ 20% 4. The Forestry Commission reserves the right

  5. Service Oriented Internet Jaideep Chandrashekar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duan, Zhenhai

    . Thomas Hou ¢ £ University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA,¤ jaideepc,zhzhang,duan¥ @cs.umn.edu¦ Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA, thou@vt.edu Abstract. Effective service delivery capabilities

  6. HEALTH SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Professional Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    HEALTH SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Professional Organizations: Coding: American Academy of Professional Coders (AAPC) American Academy of Professional Coders (AAPC) Charlottesville Chapter Administration Association of Healthcare Administrative Management (AAHAM) Healthcare Financial Management Association (HFMA

  7. Utility Energy Services Contracts Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-09-01

    The UESC Guide is a compilation of samples and templates developed as a resource to help contracting officers implement task orders for UESCs under existing U.S. General Services Administration areawide contracts.

  8. Student Fiscal Services Marisa Martin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matrajt, Graciela

    Charts and Data \\ File Name: SFS Organization Charts ­ 2015-6-24.ppt Student Assistants: Khalid Bulale Services Date Created: 12/11/2013 Last Updated: 6/24/2015 Directory: I:\\groups\\sfs\\leaders\\Organization

  9. EWEB- Energy Management Services Rebate

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Eugene Water & Electric Board (EWEB) offers cash incentives and low interest loans to businesses as part of the Energy Management Services program for the installation of solar domestic,...

  10. Purchasing Services SUPPLIER SELECTION JUSTIFICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doering, Tamara

    Purchasing Services SUPPLIER SELECTION JUSTIFICATION Instructions: This form must be completed,000. The elements to be satisfied are: 1) cost basis (bids or quote); 2) justification/rationale for the supplier selection. FIS Document #:________________ Supplier Name: ______________________________ Product Description

  11. FY 2013 Service Contract Inventory ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SERVICES 510,555,994 2.08% R408 SUPPORT- PROFESSIONAL: PROGRAM MANAGEMENTSUPPORT 100,403,343 0.41% R413 SUPPORT- PROFESSIONAL: INTELLIGENCE 0 0.00% R414 SYSTEMS ENGINEERING...

  12. Services Export Opportunities for California -- A Preliminary Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bardhan, Ashok; Kroll, Cynthia A.

    2006-01-01

    and scientific services, education services, and managementamong CITD clients. Education services firms were moremode of delivery of education services to foreign students.

  13. Performance Based Service Acquisition Toolkit | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Based Service Contracting (pdf) Where in Federal Contracting? Best Practices & Samples NASA best practices examples Air Force Best Practices for Performance-Based Service...

  14. Frequently Asked Questions - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Font Size Quick Links: General Questions and Scheduling Two-Encounter Exam Process Health and Wellness Services Behavioral Health Services General Questions and Scheduling Is...

  15. New Mexico State University Facilities and Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    New Mexico State University Facilities and Services Electronic Door Access FS ALL Access Reset #12;New Mexico State University Facilities and Services Electronic Door Access

  16. Residential Energy Efficiency Customer Service Best Practices...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Residential Energy Efficiency Customer Service Best Practices Residential Energy Efficiency Customer Service Best Practices Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call...

  17. International Fuel Services and Commercial Engagement | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    International Fuel Services and Commercial Engagement International Fuel Services and Commercial Engagement The Office of International Nuclear Energy Policy and Cooperation...

  18. Recommendations for reducing ambiguity in written procedures.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matzen, Laura E.

    2009-11-01

    Previous studies in the nuclear weapons complex have shown that ambiguous work instructions (WIs) and operating procedures (OPs) can lead to human error, which is a major cause for concern. This report outlines some of the sources of ambiguity in written English and describes three recommendations for reducing ambiguity in WIs and OPs. The recommendations are based on commonly used research techniques in the fields of linguistics and cognitive psychology. The first recommendation is to gather empirical data that can be used to improve the recommended word lists that are provided to technical writers. The second recommendation is to have a review in which new WIs and OPs and checked for ambiguities and clarity. The third recommendation is to use self-paced reading time studies to identify any remaining ambiguities before the new WIs and OPs are put into use. If these three steps are followed for new WIs and OPs, the likelihood of human errors related to ambiguity could be greatly reduced.

  19. How Damage Diversification Can Reduce Systemic Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burkholz, Rebekka; Schweitzer, Frank

    2015-01-01

    We consider the problem of risk diversification in complex networks. Nodes represent e.g. financial actors, whereas weighted links represent e.g. financial obligations (credits/debts). Each node has a risk to fail because of losses resulting from defaulting neighbors, which may lead to large failure cascades. Classical risk diversification strategies usually neglect network effects and therefore suggest that risk can be reduced if possible losses (i.e., exposures) are split among many neighbors (exposure diversification, ED). But from a complex networks perspective diversification implies higher connectivity of the system as a whole which can also lead to increasing failure risk of a node. To cope with this, we propose a different strategy (damage diversification, DD), i.e. the diversification of losses that are imposed on neighboring nodes as opposed to losses incurred by the node itself. Here, we quantify the potential of DD to reduce systemic risk in comparison to ED. For this, we develop a branching proce...

  20. Hybrid reduced order modeling for assembly calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bang, Y.; Abdel-Khalik, H. S.; Jessee, M. A.; Mertyurek, U.

    2013-07-01

    While the accuracy of assembly calculations has considerably improved due to the increase in computer power enabling more refined description of the phase space and use of more sophisticated numerical algorithms, the computational cost continues to increase which limits the full utilization of their effectiveness for routine engineering analysis. Reduced order modeling is a mathematical vehicle that scales down the dimensionality of large-scale numerical problems to enable their repeated executions on small computing environment, often available to end users. This is done by capturing the most dominant underlying relationships between the model's inputs and outputs. Previous works demonstrated the use of the reduced order modeling for a single physics code, such as a radiation transport calculation. This manuscript extends those works to coupled code systems as currently employed in assembly calculations. Numerical tests are conducted using realistic SCALE assembly models with resonance self-shielding, neutron transport, and nuclides transmutation/depletion models representing the components of the coupled code system. (authors)