Sample records for reduce cold war

  1. Cold War Entanglements of Social ANDY BYFORD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    REVIEW Cold War Entanglements of Social Science ANDY BYFORD MLAC, Durham University, UK Cold War.00. The Cold War era the three decades between the end of the Second World War and the end of the Vietnam War of `America' s Cold War' (Farish, 2010). More speci cally, it focuses on the multiple ambiguous `entanglements

  2. It was 1986, during the Cold War...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    was 1986, during the Cold War, and I had finished my session at a large conference focused on topics related to nuclear war. It was lunchtime. I walked into the lunchroom. I...

  3. STS.436 Cold War Science, Spring 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, David

    This course examines the history and legacy of the Cold War on science, looking predominantly at examples in the United States. It begins by exploring scientists’ new political roles after World War II, ranging from elite ...

  4. Y-12, the Cold War, and nuclear weapons dismantlement ? Or:...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Cold War, and nuclear weapons dismantlement - Or: The Cold War and nuclear weapons dismantlement (title used in The Oak Ridger) The Cold War heated up over the years with such...

  5. Y-12s takes on the Cold War

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    takes on the Cold War John S. Salman, Historical Consultant, said in the introductions to his Cold War Sites: A National Historic Landmark Theme Study, completed in December,...

  6. Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production Processes to Their Environmental Consequences Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons...

  7. Recovery Act funds advance cleanup efforts at Cold War site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cleanup efforts at Cold War site Recovery Act funds advance cleanup efforts at Cold War site A local small business, ARSEC Environmental, LLC, of White Rock, NM, won a 2 million...

  8. Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Demolition begins of cold War-Era buildings Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings More than 165,000 square feet of former research, production, and office buildings will...

  9. Preserving Alaska's early Cold War legacy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffecker, J.; Whorton, M.

    1999-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Air Force owns and operates numerous facilities that were constructed during the Cold War era. The end of the Cold War prompted many changes in the operation of these properties: missions changed, facilities were modified, and entire bases were closed or realigned. The widespread downsizing of the US military stimulated concern over the potential loss of properties that had acquired historical value in the context of the Cold War. In response, the US Department of Defense in 1991 initiated a broad effort to inventory properties of this era. US Air Force installations in Alaska were in the forefront of these evaluations because of the role of the Cold War in the state's development and history and the high interest on the part of the Alaska State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO) in these properties. The 611th Air Support Group (611 ASG) owns many of Alaska's early Cold War properties, most were associated with strategic air defense. The 611 ASG determined that three systems it operates, which were all part of the integrated defense against Soviet nuclear strategic bomber threat, were eligible for the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and would require treatment as historic properties. These systems include the Aircraft Control and Warning (AC&W) System, the Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line, and Forward Operating Bases (FOBs). As part of a massive cleanup operation, Clean Sweep, the 611 ASG plans to demolish many of the properties associated with these systems. To mitigate the effects of demolition, the 611 ASG negotiated agreements on the system level (e.g., the DEW Line) with the Alaska SHPO to document the history and architectural/engineering features associated with these properties. This system approach allowed the US Air Force to mitigate effects on many individual properties in a more cost-effective and efficient manner.

  10. Out of the Closed World: how the Computer Revolution helped to End the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skinner, Rebecca Elizabeth

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    politics of discourse in Cold War America. Cambridge, MA:John Lewis. The Cold War: A New History, 2005. Gardener,Science of Thermonuclear War. Harvard University Press.

  11. The Cold War is over. What now?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hecker, S.S.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As you might imagine, the end of the Cold War has elicited an intense reexamination of the roles and missions of institutions such as the Los Alamos National Laboratory. During the past few years, the entire defense establishment has undergone substantial consolidation, with a concomitant decrease in support for research and development, including in areas such as materials. The defense industry is down-sizing at a rapid pace. Even universities have experienced significant funding cutbacks from the defense community. I view this as a profound time in history, bringing changes encompassing much more than just the defense world. In fact, support for science and technology is being reexamined across the board more completely than at any other time since the end of World War II.

  12. Laboratory's role in Cold War nuclear weapons testing program...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    70th anniversary lecture Laboratory's role in Cold War nuclear weapons testing program focus of next 70th anniversary lecture Lab's role in the development of nuclear weapons...

  13. The Power of Choice ? Cold War Patriots Day of Remembrance...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to control his choices while in prison in Zimbabwe as presented at the recent Cold War Patriots' Day of Remembrance. His presentations were inspiring and his personal example...

  14. Transnational assimilation : literary practices and the racial regime of Cold War America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U.S. or a sheer fiction deployed for Cold War propaganda.Bad Muslim: America, the Cold War, and the Roots of Terror.1984. Borstelmann, Thomas. The Cold War and the Color Line:

  15. Nuclear deterrence and disarmament after the Cold War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehman, R.F. II

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the Cold War, nuclear arms control measures were shaped significantly by nuclear doctrine. Consequently, the negotiation of arms control agreements often became a battleground for different nuclear strategies. The Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union has been declared over. Today, both nuclear weapons policies and arms control objectives are again being reviewed. This document discusses points of this review.

  16. Deterrence, disarmament, and post-cold war stability: Enhancing security for both ``haves`` and ``have nots``

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehman, R. F. II

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines possible developments in nuclear disarmament resulting from the end of the Cold War.

  17. Worlds on view : visual art exhibitions and state identity in the late Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Nicole Murphy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acheson: A Life in the Cold War. Oxford: Oxford UniversityBarbara. Artists of World War II. Westport CT: GreenwoodExchange and the Cold War, Raising the Iron Curtain.

  18. Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    June 21, 2011 Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin AIKEN, S.C. - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act workers re- cently cleaned up a second...

  19. The Power of Choice ? Cold War Patriots Day of Remembrance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Zimbabwe. He faced seven surgeries for cancer and lived to tell his story. At the Cold War Patriots' National Day of Remembrance, held in the Y-12 New Hope Center on Friday,...

  20. HTST 383 WAR AND SOCIETY III: COLD WAR AND T/R 1200-1445. EDC 388

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    HTST 383 ­ WAR AND SOCIETY III: COLD WAR AND BEYOND SPRING T/R 1200-1445. EDC 388 ADAM LAJEUNESSE For nearly half a century the world stood on the brink of total, perhaps even apocalyptic, war. The competing. This course is the history of the Cold War. The military struggle, the economic competition

  1. Mark Solovey. Shaky Foundations: The PoliticsPatronageSocial Science Nexus in Cold War Shaky Foundations: The PoliticsPatronageSocial Science Nexus in Cold War America by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    Mark Solovey. Shaky Foundations: The Politics­Patronage­Social Science Nexus in Cold War America. Shaky Foundations: The Politics­Patronage­Social Science Nexus in Cold War America by Mark Solovey). CATHY GERE Mark Solovey. Shaky Foundations: The Poli- tics­Patronage­Social Science Nexus in Cold War

  2. 13-03-09 9:30 PMCold War Social Science and the Rubric of the "Cold War" | Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 6http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/cold-war-social-science-and-the-rubric-of-the-cold-war/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    13-03-09 9:30 PMCold War Social Science and the Rubric of the "Cold War" | Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 6http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/cold-war-social-science-and-the-rubric-of-the-cold-war/ Cold War Social Science and the Rubric of the "Cold War" September 6, 2012 Posted by Will Thomas in EWP

  3. The Origins of Korean Adoption: Cold War Geopolitics and Intimate Diplomacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Klein, Christina. 2003. Cold War Orientalism: Asia in theJanuary. ––––. 1953a “First Korean War Baby Brought Here byRace and the Post-World-War-II Translation of ‘American. ’”

  4. Cold War love : producing American liberalism in interracial marriages between American soldiers and Japanese women

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsuchiya, Tomoko

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Justice: Americanization of Japanese War Crimes at the Endof the Post-Cold War. ” Journal of Asian American Studies256. Berry, Nicholas O. War and the Red Cross: The Unspoken

  5. Specters of the Cold War in America's century : the Korean War and transnational politics of national imaginaries in the 1950s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Junghyun

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    American Novels of the Cold War and Korea, 1945-1962. NewBasinger, Jeanine. The World War II Combat Film: Anatomy of68. Borstlemann, Thomas. The Cold War and the Color Line:

  6. Environmental histories of the Visegrad countries: Cold War and the environmental sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    Final Environmental histories of the Visegrad countries: Cold War and the environmental sciences Institute of Contemporary History of the Academy of Sciences to the environmental sciences during the Cold War and, allied to this, establish and further

  7. Book Reviews Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    Book Reviews Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature, could be relevant to historians of econom- ics. However, the idea that the Cold War provides Cravens's edited volume, Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human

  8. Prisoners of War-Cold War Allies: The Anglo-American Relationship with Wehrmacht Generals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallett, Derek Ray

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    ................................................................................ 1 II FROM NORTH AFRICA TO NORTH LONDON ............................. 32 III HITLER?S GENERALS IN AMERICA.............................................. 77 IV ?GUESTS? OF THE BRITISH............................................................... 121 V THE CAROUSEL AT CAMP NO. 11................................................. 166 VI THE SEEDS OF THE AMERICAN TRANSFORMATION.............. 218 VII RE-EDUCATING HITLER?S GENERALS?...................................... 267 VIII COLD WAR ALLIES...

  9. Superpower nuclear minimalism in the post-Cold War era

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graben, E.K.

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the end of the Cold War and the breakup of the Soviet Union, the strategic environment has fundamentally changed, so it would seem logical to reexamine strategy as well. There are two main schools of nuclear strategic thought: a maximalist school, which emphasizes counterforce superiority and nuclear war-fighting capability, and a MAD-plus school, which emphasizes survivability of an assured destruction capability along with the ability to deliver small, limited nuclear attacks in the event that conflict occurs. The MAD-plus strategy is the more logical of the two strategies, because the maximalist strategy is based on an attempt to conventionalize nuclear weapons which is unrealistic.

  10. Cold War Context Statement: Sandia National Laboratories, California Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ULLRICH, REBECCA A.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document was prepared to support the Department of Energy's compliance with Sections 106 and 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act. It provides an overview of the historic context in which Sandia National Laboratories/California was created and developed. Establishing such a context allows for a reasonable and reasoned historical assessment of Sandia National Laboratories/California properties. The Cold War arms race provides the primary historical context for the SNL/CA built environment.

  11. Hauptseminar im Sommersemester 2013 mit Aufenthalt in Helsinki zum Thema ,,Socialism Dtente Transition: Sources to Cold War Studies"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    ­ Transition: Sources to Cold War Studies" In Zusammenarbeit mit dem Aleksanteri Institute der Universität ­ Transition: Sources to Cold War Studies" unter der Leitung von Natali Stegmann in englischer Sprache statt

  12. The 1964 Festival of Music of the Americas and Spain: A Critical Examination of Ibero-American Musical Relations in the Context of Cold War Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, Alyson

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the President's Music": Cold War composers and the Unitedduring the Depression and War. Oxford: Oxford Universityin The Spanish Civil War, 1936-39: American Hemispheric

  13. The cold and the dark: The world after nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehrlich, P.R.; Sagan, C.; Kennedy, D.; Roberts, W.O.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book contains the following three selections: The Atmospheric and Climatic Consequences of Nuclear War; The Biological Consequences of Nuclear War; and The Moscow Link: A Diaglogue between U.S. and Soviet Scientists.

  14. EM’s December Newsletter Recaps Cold War Cleanup Accomplishments in 2013

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On Dec. 19, EM completed demolition of the 4.8 million-square-foot Building K-25 at Oak Ridge, a milestone that capped a busy and successful 2013 for the Cold War cleanup program.

  15. Insiders and outsiders : nuclear arms control experts in Cold War America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Benjamin Tyler

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation presents a history of the community of nuclear arms control experts in the United States during the middle and later years of the Cold War, the age of thermonuclear ballistic missiles. Arms control experts ...

  16. The Cold War approaches and Y-12s workload grows

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    approaches and Y-12's workload grows Many changes took place after the end of World War II in August, 1945. Y-12's population went from 22,000 workers in August, 1945 to a mere...

  17. Grounding Ideologies: Archaeology, Decolonization and the Cold War in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carruthers, William

    2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    (2002), Whose Pharaohs? Archaeology, Museums, and Egyptian National Identity from Napoleon to World War I. Berkeley: University of California Press. 5 The publication also had a French edition, albeit with the same (English) name. 6 Abdel...

  18. Idaho Site’s Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    IDAHO FALLS, Idaho – An association with more than 29,000 members featured an in-depth article on EM’s extensive Cold War legacy cleanup at the Idaho site in the current issue of its publication, The Military Engineer.

  19. Making American: Constitutive Rhetoric in the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorpe, Martha

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    , claiming that his behavior was directly opposed to everything America stood for. At the heart of so much of the rhetorical bullying was this idea of ?American.? Nobody could decide what it meant or who had the most of it. Was it more American... Rhetoric Reconsidered: Constitutive Paradoxes in G.W. Bush?s Iraq War Speeches.? Zagacki focuses on the idea of ?prophetic dualism? that he claims guided Bush?s rhetoric to the American people in an attempt to create identification between Americans...

  20. 13-03-09 9:42 PMReview: Shannon on *Cold War Social Science* | s-usih.org Page 1 of 9http://s-usih.org/2012/07/review-shannon-on-cold-war-social.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    13-03-09 9:42 PMReview: Shannon on *Cold War Social Science* | s-usih.org Page 1 of 9http://s-usih.org/2012/07/review-shannon-on-cold-war-social.html A b o u t U sA b o u t U s G o v e r n a n c eG o v e r n a n c e J o i nJ o i n R e s o u r c e sR e s o u r c e s Search 2 Review: Shannon on *Cold War

  1. Superpower nuclear minimalism in the post-Cold War era?. Revised

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graben, E.K.

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the end of the Cold War and the breakup of the Soviet Union, the strategic environment has fundamentally changed, so it would seem logical to reexamine strategy as well. There are two main schools of nuclear strategic thought: a maximalist school, which emphasizes counterforce superiority and nuclear war-fighting capability, and a MAD-plus school, which emphasizes survivability of an assured destruction capability along with the ability to deliver small, limited nuclear attacks in the event that conflict occurs. The MAD-plus strategy is the more logical of the two strategies, because the maximalist strategy is based on an attempt to conventionalize nuclear weapons which is unrealistic.

  2. Mitigation of Selected Hanford Site Manhattan Project and Cold War Era Artifacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennedy, Ellen P.; Harvey, David W.

    2006-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is the first time that Manhattan Project and Cold War era artifacts from the Hanford Site have been assembled within a publication. The publication presents photographic and written documentation of a number of Manhattan Project and Cold War era artifacts that were identified and tagged during assessment walk throughs of historic buildings on the Hanford Site but which could not be curated within the Hanford collection because they were too large for long-term storage and/or exhibit purposes or were radiologically contaminated. The significance of the artifacts in this publication and a proposed future appendix is based not on the individual significance of any single artifact but on their collective contribution to the science and engineering of creating plutonium and advancing nuclear technology in nuclear fuel and power.

  3. 13-03-09 9:37 PMModernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 2 | Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 4http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/10/21/modernity-the-cold-war-and-new-whig-histories-of-ideas-pt-2/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    13-03-09 9:37 PMModernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 2 | Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 4http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/10/21/modernity-the-cold-war-and-new-whig-histories-of-ideas-pt-2/ Modernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 2 October 21, 2012 Posted

  4. 12-11-24 7:47 PMModernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 3 Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 6http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/11/17/modernity-the-cold-war-and-new-whig-histories-of-ideas-pt-3/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    12-11-24 7:47 PMModernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 3 « Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 6http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/11/17/modernity-the-cold-war-and-new-whig-histories-of-ideas-pt-3/ Modernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 3 November 17, 2012 Posted

  5. 13-03-09 9:32 PMModernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 1 | Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 6http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/09/22/modernity-the-cold-war-and-new-whig-histories-of-ideas-pt-1/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    13-03-09 9:32 PMModernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 1 | Ether Wave Propaganda Page 1 of 6http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2012/09/22/modernity-the-cold-war-and-new-whig-histories-of-ideas-pt-1/ Modernity, the Cold War, and New Whig Histories of Ideas, Pt. 1 September 22, 2012 Posted

  6. | DEFA Film Library at UMass Amherst | umass.edu/defa | 413-545-6681 | filmtour@german.umass.edu | A Cold War View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    @german.umass.edu | WWI A Cold War View Films treating the subject of the First World War that were made at the DEFA Film the overarching questions raised by WWI: How did it come to this? Why did some people support the war and others in Russia? And, perhaps most tellingly, they seek to understand links between the series of wars involving

  7. Risk-Based Ranking Experiences for Cold War Legacy Facilities in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Droppo, James G.

    2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past two decades, a number of government agencies in the United States have faced increasing public scrutiny for their efforts to address the wide range of potential environmental issues related to Cold War legacies. Risk-based ranking was selected as a means of defining the relative importance of issues. Ambitious facility-wide risk-based ranking applications were undertaken. However, although facility-wide risk-based ranking efforts can build invaluable understanding of the potential issues related to Cold War legacies, conducting such efforts is difficult because of the potentially enormous scope and the potentially strong institutional barriers. The U.S. experience is that such efforts are worth undertaking to start building a knowledge base and infrastructure that are based on a thorough understanding of risk. In both the East and the West, the legacy of the Cold War includes a wide range of potential environmental issues associated with large industrial complexes of weapon production facilities. The responsible agencies or ministries are required to make decisions that could benefit greatly from information on the relative importance of these potential issues. Facility-wide risk-based ranking of potential health and environmental issues is one means to help these decision makers. The initial U.S. risk-based ranking applications described in this chapter were “ground-breaking” in that they defined new methodologies and approaches to meet the challenges. Many of these approaches fit the designation of a population-centred risk assessment. These U.S. activities parallel efforts that are just beginning for similar facilities in the countries of the former Soviet Union. As described below, conducting a facility-wide risk-based ranking has special challenges and potential pitfalls. Little guidance exists to conduct major risk-based rankings. For those considering undertaking such efforts, the material contained in this chapter should be useful background information.

  8. Out of the Closed World: how the Computer Revolution helped to End the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skinner, Rebecca Elizabeth

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Intuitive Science of Thermonuclear War. Harvard UniversityHerman Kahn, author of On Thermonuclear War (1960), with hisIntuitive Science of Thermonuclear War. Harvard University

  9. REES 410/510: Post-Cold War Eastern Europe Fall 2012 (CRN 18065/18066) Instructor: Keith Eddins eddinska@uoregon.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    REES 410/510: Post-Cold War Eastern Europe Fall 2012 (CRN 18065/18066) Instructor: Keith Eddins eddinska@uoregon.edu Mondays and Wednesdays: 5:30 p.m. to 6:50 p.m. As the Cold War concluded, hopes

  10. Bugs boost Cold War clean-up: Bacteria could scrub uranium from sites contaminated decades ago. updated at midnight GMTtoday is friday, november 14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    2003 · Fungus catches radioactive fallout 8 May 2002 · Depleted uranium soils battlefields 12 MarchBugs boost Cold War clean-up: Bacteria could scrub uranium from sites contaminated decades ago boost Cold War clean-up Bacteria could scrub uranium from sites contaminated decades ago. 13 October

  11. TRASH TO TREASURE: CONVERTING COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE INTO WEAPONS AGAINST CANCER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicholas, R.G.; Lacy, N.H.; Butz, T.R.; Brandon, N.E.

    2004-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of its commitment to clean up Cold War legacy sites, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has initiated an exciting and unique project to dispose of its inventory of uranium-233 (233U) stored at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and extract isotopes that show great promise in the treatment of deadly cancers. In addition to increasing the supply of potentially useful medical isotopes, the project will rid DOE of a nuclear concern and cut surveillance and security costs. For more than 30 years, DOE's ORNL has stored over 1,200 containers of fissile 233U, originally produced for several defense-related projects, including a pilot study that looked at using 233U as a commercial reactor fuel. This uranium, designated as special nuclear material, requires expensive security, safety, and environmental controls. It has been stored at an ORNL facility, Building 3019A, that dates back to the Manhattan Project. Down-blending the material to a safer form, rather than continuing to store it, will eliminate a $15 million a year financial liability for the DOE and increase the supply of medical isotopes by 5,700 percent. During the down-blending process, thorium-229 (229Th) will be extracted. The thorium will then be used to extract actinium-225 (225Ac), which will ultimately supply its progeny, bismuth-213 (213Bi), for on-going cancer research. The research includes Phase II clinical trials for the treatment of acute myelogenous leukemia at Sloan-Kettering Memorial Cancer Center in New York, as well as other serious cancers of the lungs, pancreas, and kidneys using a technique known as alpha-particle radioimmunotherapy. Alpha-particle radioimmunotherapy is based on the emission of alpha particles by radionuclides. 213Bi is attached to a monoclonal antibody that targets specific cells. The bismuth then delivers a high-powered but short-range radiation dose, effectively killing the cancerous cells but sparing the surrounding tissue. Production of the actinium and bismuth would be a private venture at no cost to the government. Isotek Systems, LLC, was commissioned by the DOE to execute the project, known as the 233U Disposition, Medical Isotope Production, and Building 3019 Complex Shutdown Project. Isotek is a partnership between Duratek Federal Services, Burns and Roe Enterprises, and Nuclear Fuel Services. By pooling their pioneering experiences in nuclear engineering and design, nuclear recycling, and waste management, the partnership has developed a novel process to meet this clean-up milestone. The project is not only important for its cancer treatment potential, but also for setting the stage for reducing global threats through the down-blending of materials.

  12. Borderland Intimacies: GIs, Koreans, and American Military Landscapes in Cold War Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Whitney Taejin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1994. Fischer, Hannah. “American War and Military OperationsThe Origins of the Korean War: Liberation and the EmergenceThe Origins of the Korean War: The Roaring of the Cataracts,

  13. Linking legacies: Connecting the Cold War nuclear weapons production processes to their environmental consequences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the aftermath of the Cold War, the US has begun addressing the environmental consequences of five decades of nuclear weapons production. In support of this effort, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to describe the waste streams generated during each step in the production of nuclear weapons. Accordingly, this report responds to this mandate, and it is the Department`s first comprehensive analysis of the sources of waste and contamination generated by the production of nuclear weapons. The report also contains information on the missions and functions of nuclear weapons facilities, on the inventories of waste and materials remaining at these facilities, as well as on the extent and characteristics of contamination in and around these facilities. This analysis unites specific environmental impacts of nuclear weapons production with particular production processes. The Department used historical records to connect nuclear weapons production processes with emerging data on waste and contamination. In this way, two of the Department`s legacies--nuclear weapons manufacturing and environmental management--have become systematically linked. The goal of this report is to provide Congress, DOE program managers, non-governmental analysts, and the public with an explicit picture of the environmental results of each step in the nuclear weapons production and disposition cycle.

  14. Energy security in the post-Cold War era: Identifying future courses for crises

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freund, M.T.; Wise, J.A.; Ulibarri, C.A.; Shaw, B.R.; Seely, H.E.; Roop, J.M.

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses US energy security in the post-Cold War era for a conference on energy security jointly sponsored by the Department of Energy and the National Defense University. It examines the evolving nature of energy security based on analysis of past crisis-inducing events and-discusses potentially important geopolitical, environmental, regulatory, and economic developments during the next twenty-five years. The paper steps beyond the traditional economic focus of energy security issues to examine the interplay between fundamental economic and technical drivers on the one hand, and political, environmental, and perceptual phenomena, on the other hand, that can combine to create crises where none were expected. The paper expands on the premise that the recent demise of the Soviet Union and other changing world conditions have created a new set of energy dynamics, and that it is imperative that the United States revise its energy security perspective accordingly. It proceeds by reviewing key factors that comprise the concepts of ``energy security`` and ``energy crisis`` and how they may fit into the new world energy security equation. The study also presents a series of crisis scenarios that could develop during the next twenty-five years, paying particular attention to mechanisms and linked crisis causes and responses. It concludes with a discussion of factors that may serve to warn analysts and decision makers of impending future crises conditions. The crisis scenarios contained in this report should be viewed only as a representative sample of the types of situations that could occur. They serve to illustrate the variety of factors that can coalesce to produce a ``crisis.``

  15. International Human Rights Activism in the United States during the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez, Zachary Steven

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    would be a reemergence of Kurdistan during World War II,the genocides in Iraqi Kurdistan, the former Yugoslavia, orAfghanistan, Somaliland, Iraqi Kurdistan, and Angola all had

  16. Burden of the Cold War: The George H.W. Bush Administration and El Salvador

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arandia, Sebastian Rene

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    the bipartisan consensus on US policy toward El Salvador: the failure of the FMLN‘s largest military offensive of the war and the murder of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper, and her daughter by the Salvadoran military, the FAES. Despite more than one billion...

  17. -The Bubble Chamber -http://thebubblechamber.org -Review: Cold War Social Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    War institutions such as the RAND corporation, along with technological changes and the perceived developmental psychologist John Bowlby: "Whenever I hear the issue of maternal deprivation being discussed, I, for the obvious reason that they need their women at work and thus their children must be cared for by others

  18. Nationalization of the oil industry in Iran 1951-1953: a study in cold war diplomacy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qaim-Maqami, Linda Wills

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Russia. The American Government believed that the situation could not go unchecked, so they sent W. Averill Harriman to find a solution since the British hsd proved ~bly unable to do so. Harriman met with some success, even managing to persuade.... Several wars with Russia in the nineteenth cen- tury in which ancient lands were lost were disastrous blows to the traditional structure. Western influence through the British, whose 2 This themis follows the style and format of the American Historical...

  19. Status of Environmental Management Initiatives to Accelerate the Reduction of Environmental Risks and Challenges Posed by the Legacy of the Cold War

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Report to Congress was prepared pursuant to section 3130 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2008, and summarized the EM program and initiatives to accelerate the reduction of environmental risks and challenges posed by the legacy of the Cold War.

  20. The Cold War ends ... now what? | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGESafetyTed5, 2015Computing for StockpileThe Cold

  1. Status of Environmental Management Initiatives to Accelerate the Reduction of Environmental Risks and Challenges Posed by the Legacy of the Cold War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fifty years of nuclear weapons production and energy research in the United States during the Cold War generated large amounts of radioactive wastes, spent nuclear fuel (SNF), excess plutonium and uranium, thousands of contaminated facilities, and contaminated soil and groundwater. During most of that half century, the Nation did not have the environmental regulatory structure or nuclear waste cleanup technologies that exist today. The result was a legacy of nuclear waste that was stored and disposed of in ways now considered unacceptable. Cleaning up and ultimately disposing of these wastes is the responsibility of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). In 1989, DOE established the Office of Environmental Management (EM) to solve the large scale and technically challenging risks posed by the world's largest nuclear cleanup. This required EM to build a new nuclear cleanup infrastructure, assemble and train a technically specialized workforce, and develop the technologies and tools required to safely decontaminate, disassemble, stabilize, disposition, and remediate unique radiation hazards. The sites where nuclear activities produced legacy waste and contamination include the original Manhattan Project sites--Los Alamos, New Mexico; Hanford, Washington; and Oak Ridge, Tennessee--as well as major Cold War sites, such as Savannah River Site, South Carolina; the Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho; Rocky Flats Plant, Colorado; and Fernald, Ohio. Today EM has responsibility for nuclear cleanup activities at 21 sites covering more than two million acres in 13 states, and employs more than 30,000 Federal and contractor employees, including scientists, engineers and hazardous waste technicians. This cleanup poses unique, technically complex problems, which must be solved under the most hazardous of conditions, and which will require billions of dollars a year for several more decades. The EM program focus during its first 10 years was on managing the most urgent risks and maintaining safety at each site while negotiating state and Federal environmental compliance agreements. The program also concentrated on characterizing waste and nuclear materials and assessing the magnitude and extent of environmental contamination. By the late 1990s, EM had made significant progress in identifying and characterizing the extent of contamination and cleanup required and began transitioning from primarily a characterization and stabilization program to an active cleanup and closure program. During that time, EM formulated multi-year cleanup and closure plans, which contributed to cleanup progress; however, reducing the overall environmental risk associated with the cleanup program remained a challenge. In response, the Secretary of Energy directed a review of the EM program be undertaken. The resulting 'Top-to Bottom Review' re-directed the program focus from managing risks to accelerating the reduction of these risks.

  2. DEMOLISHING A COLD-WAR-ERA FUEL STORAGE BASIN SUPERSTRUCTURE LADEN WITH ASBESTOS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LLOYD ER; ORGILL TK; DAGAN EB

    2008-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The K East (KE) Basin facilities are located near the north end of the Hanford Site's 100 K area. The facilities were built in 1950 as part of the KE Reactor complex and constructed within 400 meters of the Columbia River, which is the largest river in the Pacific Northwest and by volume the fourth largest river in the United States. The basin, located adjacent to the reactor, was used for the underwater storage of irradiated nuclear fuel discharged from the reactor. The basin was covered by a superstructure comprising steel columns and beams, concrete, and cement asbestos board (CAB) siding. The project's mission was to complete demolition of the structure over the K East basin within six months of tumover from facility deactivation activities. The demolition project team implemented open-air demolition techniques to demolish the facility to slab-on-grade. Several innovative techniques were used to control contamination and maintain contamination control within the confines of the demolition exclusion zone. The techniques, which focused on a defense-in-depth approach, included spraying fixatives on interior and exterior surfaces before demolition began; applying fixatives; misting using a fine spray of water during demolition; and demolishing the facility systematically. Another innovation that aided demolition was to demolish the building with the non-friable CAB remaining in place. The CAB siding covered the exterior of the building, portions of the interior walls, and was an integral part of the multiple layered roof. The project evaluated the risks involved in removing the CAB material in a radiologically contaminated environment and determined that radiological dose rates and exposure to radiological contamination and industrial hazards would be significantly reduced by removing the CAB during demolition using heavy equipment. The ability to perform this demolition safely and without spreading contamination (radiological or asbestos) demonstrates that similar open-air demolition ofcontaminated structures can be performed successfully.

  3. Since 1992--the end of the Cold War--Brazil has been slowly and quietly carving a niche for itself in the international community. Under President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazil embarked on a new direc-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    Since 1992--the end of the Cold War--Brazil has been slowly and quietly carving a niche for itself in the international community. Under President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazil embarked on a new direc- tion vis, positioning Brazil as a spokesperson for the global, using the language of solidarity to open new

  4. Reducing cold start hydrocarbon emissions from port fuel injected spark ignition engines with improved management of hardware & controls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang, Kevin R., 1980-

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental study was performed to investigate strategies for reducing cold start hydrocarbon (HC) emissions from port fuel injected (PFI) spark ignition (SI) engines with better use of existing hardware and control ...

  5. Pulling History from the Waste Stream: Identification and Collection of Manhattan Project and Cold War Era Artifacts on the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marceau, Thomas E. [Mission Support Alliance, Richland, WA (United States); Watson, Thomas L. [Mission Support Alliance, Richland, WA (United States)

    2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    One man's trash is another man's treasure. Not everything called "waste" is meant for the refuse pile. The mission of the Curation Program is at direct odds with the remediation objectives of the Hanford Site. While others are busily tearing down and burying the Site's physical structures and their associated contents, the Curation Program seeks to preserve the tangible elements of the Site's history from these structures for future generations before they flow into the waste stream. Under the provisions of a Programmatic Agreement, Cultural Resources staff initiated a project to identify and collect artifacts and archives that have historic or interpretive value in documenting the role of the Hanford Site throughout the Manhattan Project and Cold War Era. The genesis of Hanford's modern day Curation Program, its evolution over nearly two decades, issues encountered, and lessons learned along the way -- particularly the importance of upper management advocacy, when and how identification efforts should be accomplished, the challenges of working within a radiological setting, and the importance of first hand information -- are presented.

  6. Civil War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blattman, Christopher; Miguel, Edward

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    World Bank 2008). Civil war incidence is drawn from theforthcoming. "Health and Civil War in Burundi." Journal ofMazurana. 2008. "Survey of War Affected Youth: Phase I & II

  7. From Cold War to cold vessels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melrath, C.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article describes a former Soviet weapons plant which is converted to produce cryogenic vessels and other peaceful cylinders. In 1995, Byelocorp Scientific Inc. (BSI), a New York-based firm that specializes in transferring technologies developed in the former Soviet Union, began converting a huge military defense plant in Kazakhstan into civilian-industrial use. The nearly 750,000-square-foot factory in Almaty, the capital of the former Soviet republic, was previously used to manufacture torpedo shells and ballistic rocket casings. The old defense plant, which was known as Gidromash, will now manufacture cylinders of a kinder, gentler variety--cryogenic vessels. The Kazakhstan operation is being managed jointly with Supco Srl., an Italian manufacturing, engineering, and construction company. With financing from the US Department of Defense, BSI, Supco, and the Kazakhstan government, a new joint venture called Byelkamit (a combination of Byelocorp, Kazakhstan, America, and Italy) was established.

  8. Remembering Bodies: Gender, Race, and Nationality in the French-Algerian War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinan, Christine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    William. “The Algerian War and the Revision of France’sand the Origins of the Post-Cold War Era. New York: OxfordPhilip. Images of the Algerian War: French Fiction and Film,

  9. Military Formations: Mexican American Civil Rights And Community Belonging During The World War II Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bueno, Marianne

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Force Material Command Cold War Context, 1945-1991, vol. 2,and Job Politics during World War II. Austin: University ofin Earnings during World War II: New Evidence." Industrial

  10. Operations new life/arrivals : U.S. national project to forget the Vietnam War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahara, Ayako

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Justice: Americanization of Japanese War Crimes at the Endof the Post-Cold War” Journal of Asian American Studies,Americanization of Japanese War Crimes at the End of the

  11. Integrated Chiller System Reduce Building Operation and Maintenance Costs in Cold Climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheets, N.; Liu, M.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although water-cooled chillers are more energy efficient than air-cooled chillers, a majority of chilled water systems use air-cooled chillers. In cold weather climates, air-cooled chillers are capable of functioning in low ambient temperatures...

  12. EXPERIENCE IN REDUCING ELECTRON CLOUD AND DYNAMIC PRESSURE RISE IN WARM AND COLD REGIONS IN RHIC.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ZHANG, S.Y.; AHRENS,L.; ALLESI, J.; BAI, M.; BLASKIEWICZ, M.; CAMERON, P.; CONNOLLY, R.; DREES, A.; FISCHER, W.; GULLOTTA, J.; HE, P.; HSEUH, H.C.; HUANG, H.; LEE, R.; LITVINENKO, V.; MACKAY, W.W.; MONTAG, C.; NICOLETTI, A.; OERTER, B.; PILAT, F.; PTITSYN, V.; ROSER, T.; SATOGATA, T.; SMART, L.; SYNDSTRUP, L.; TEPIKIAN, S.; THIEBERGER, P.; TRBOJEVIC, D.; WEI, J.; ZENO, K.

    2006-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The large scale application of non-evaporable getter coating in RHIC has been effective in reducing the electron cloud. Since beams with higher intensity and smaller bunch spacing became possible in operation, the emittance growth is of concern. Study results are reported together with experiences of machine improvements: saturated NEG coatings, anti-grazing ridges in warm sections, and the pre-pumping in cryogenic regions.

  13. Thomas Dixon's War Prayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capozzola, Christopher

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on pp. 236-37). New Perspectives on “The War-Prayer” Essayson “The War-Prayer” Thomas Dixon, Jr. , Dixon’s Sermons:New Perspectives on “The War-Prayer” Essays on “The War-

  14. War & Peace & War: Peter Turchin Mehran Salehi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    War & Peace & War: Peter Turchin Mehran Salehi Life Cycles of Imperial Nations Ch. 10-12 10. The Matthew Principle 11. Wheels Within Wheels 12. War and Peace and Particles #12;"Why the rich get richer poor, middle class is slightly effected War #12;Ch. 11: Wheels within wheels - The Many Declines

  15. The Walls Come Tumbling Down: Decontamination and Demolition of 29 Manhattan Project and Cold War-Era Buildings and Structures at Los Alamos National Laboratory-12301

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaloupka, Allan B.; Finn, Kevin P.; Parsons, Duane A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When the nation's top scientists and military leaders converged on Los Alamos, New Mexico in the 1943, to work on the Manhattan Project, the facilities they used to conduct their top-secret work were quickly constructed and located in the middle of what eventually became the Los Alamos town site. After one of these early facilities caught on fire, it seemed wise to build labs and production facilities farther away from the homes of the town's residents. They chose to build facilities on what was then known as Delta Prime (DP) Mesa and called it Technical Area 21, or TA-21. With wartime urgency, a number of buildings were built at TA-21, some in as little as a few months. Before long, DP Mesa was populated with several nondescript metal and cinder-block buildings, including what became, immediately following the war, the world's first plutonium production facility. TA-21 also housed labs that used hazardous chemicals and analyzed americium, tritium and plutonium. TA-21 was a bustling center of research and production for the next several decades. Additional buildings were built there in the 1960's, but by the 1990's many of them had reached the end of their service lives. Labs and offices were moved to newer, more modern buildings. When Los Alamos National Laboratory received $212 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in July 2009 for environmental cleanup projects, about $73 million of the funds were earmarked to decontaminate and demolish 21 of the old buildings at TA-21. Although some D and D of TA-21 buildings was performed in the 1990's, many of the facilities at DP Site remained relatively untouched for nearly three decades following their final operational use. In 2006, there were over three dozen buildings or structures on the mesa to be removed so that soil cleanup could be completed (and the land made available for transfer and reuse). The total footprint of buildings across the mesa was approximately 18,580 m{sup 2} (200,000 ft{sup 2}). The initially approved baseline for the ARRA D and D Project was to remove 22 buildings and structures that included approximately 14,680 m{sup 2} (158,000 ft{sup 2}) of footprint. By employing efficiencies during subcontracting, demolition, and waste segregation, the savings allowed an additional 1,580 m{sup 2} (17,000 ft{sup 2}) of footprint to be removed using ARRA funds. Additionally, the lessons learned from this experience were used to apply NNSA funding to the removal of six additional non-contaminated buildings and structures. In the end, 29 buildings and structures, including stacks, cooling towers and tanks, were removed from the mesa. The entire DP East area was cleared of buildings and sub-grade structures and the soils cleaned to residential standards. The total footprint reduction at TA-21 as a result of this effort was in excess of 17,650 m{sup 2} (190,000 ft{sup 2}). The use of a Laboratory self-performance team to start demolition of non-contaminated structures resulted in steady work performance early in the project while subcontracts were being put in place to perform more complicated abatement and contaminated demolition activities. Most importantly, there were no serious worker injuries and the minor injuries recorded were those common to construction type activities. Extensive monitoring along the site boundary demonstrated that no hazardous chemicals or radioactive contamination were released and radiological dose to the public was negligible. The ARRA demolition activities were completed six months in advance of the deadline for employing ARRA funds. Additionally, over 17,585 m{sup 3} (23,000 yds{sup 3}) of building demolition debris was safely removed from DP Mesa. All of the major buildings have been removed, unencumbered access to the SWMUs that are required to be cleaned up by the Consent Order with the state of New Mexico, has been achieved, and a significant portion of the mesa has been prepared to support a process that will eventually transfer this land from federal government control for further use. (authors)

  16. Ethnic War, Holy War, War O' War: Does the Adjective Matter in Explaining Collective Political Violence?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Edward W.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    how many separate “conflicts” or “wars” have there been in1978? On the meaning of “religious war,” see Konrad Repen, “What is a ‘Religious War? ’,” in Politics and Society in

  17. Political Bias and War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Matthew O.; Morelli, Massimo

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is the one who wants to go to war and i is the one who doesthe incentive of j to go to war if (15) holds. Thus, thepayments. We examine how war technology and relative wealth

  18. A Philosophy of War 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moseley, Darran A

    This thesis examines in four parts a collection of philosophical arguments dealing with war. The conclusions drawn are that war is a definable and applicable concept, that above the level of biological reactions war is ...

  19. The Evolution of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Ian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Viking. Keeley, Lawrence. 1996. War Before Civilization. NewSocieties and the Origins of War. Ann Arbor: University ofPress. Morris: Evolution of War. Cliodynamics (2012) Vol. 3,

  20. Persistence of civil wars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    A notable feature of post-World War II civil wars is their very long average duration. We provide a theory of the persistence of civil wars. The civilian government can successfully defeat rebellious factions only by ...

  1. Early steps in the Cold War

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    nuclear weapons efforts for fission bombs only. They did not recommend the pursuit of a fusion or hydrogen bomb (thermonuclear bomb). These scientists who had been a part of the...

  2. Nuclear proliferation after the Cold War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reiss, M.; Litwak, R.S.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Today, former Soviet republics threaten to gain control over nuclear weapons sited on their territories, and reports on North Korea, Pakistan, India, and Iraq reveal current or recent weapon development programs. This document offers a timely assessment of the prospects for nuclear nonproliferation.

  3. The Cold War and American Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marden, David L.

    1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Historical Society curator Richard Morgan lost his post be­ cause of his presumed associations with Communists. A bela­ ted American Anthropology Association investigation deter­ mined that the dismissal in no way reflected upon Morgan's professional... competence. The Society's president explained: There are no charges on file against Mr. Morgan affecting his personal or professional, status.... He was not re-elected because his wife and stepson and their Communist associations were involved...

  4. The Cold War comes to Y-12

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    such as "Y-12," "K-25," "X-10," "S-50" and others. The Soviets were working on a thermonuclear weapon as early as 1948, well before they exploded Joe - 1 in August 1949. Their...

  5. Studies of science before "Science Studies" : Cold War and the politics of science in the U.S., U.K., and U.S.S.R., 1950s-1970s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aronova, E. A.; Aronova, E. A.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Russian Underwater Acoustics. Isis 101/3: 662-663. Elenaof the Ideology of Modern Science. Isis 96: 390-406. Dennis,During and After World War II. Isis 86/3: 440-454 Hollinger,

  6. In situ measurements of Krypton in Xenon gas with a quadrupole mass spectrometer following a cold-trap at a temporarily reduced pumping speed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ethan Brown; Stephan Rosendahl; Christian Huhmann; Christian Weinheimer; Hans Kettling

    2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A new method for measuring trace amounts of krypton in xenon using a cold trap with a residual gas analyzer has been developed, which achieves an increased sensitivity by temporarily reducing the pumping speed while expending a minimal amount of xenon. By partially closing a custom built butterfly valve between the measurement chamber and the turbomolecular pump, a sensitivity of 40 ppt has been reached. This method has been tested on an ultra-pure gas sample from Air Liquide with an unknown intrinsic krypton concentration, yielding a krypton concentration of $330 \\pm 200$ ppt.

  7. France at War: Additions to the War Poster Collection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    France at War: Additions to the War Poster Collection In the summer of 2004, the library acquired a collection of eighty-five French posters from the First and Second World Wars. These add to Yale's extensive War Poster Collection, which has over 500 French posters from World War I but very few from World War

  8. BA War & Society Module Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    BA War & Society Module Information 2014-2015 www.swansea.ac.uk/artsandhumanities Arts Studies BA War & Society BA War & Society The scope and scale of the BA (Hons) War and Society degree Theories of War 1 (compulsory) HUA102 War and Warfare in the Modern World (compulsory) HIH118 World History

  9. Reduced

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection RadiationRecord-SettingHead of Contracting ActivityRedoxReduced

  10. Owl Feather War Bonnet

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers the Owl Feather War Bonnet and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Rapid City, South Dakota.

  11. The Binding of Abraham: Inverting the Akedah in Fail-Safe and WarGames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dukes, Hunter B.

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    potential Cold War scenarios: chess, 15 Dukes: The Binding of Abraham: Inverting the Akedah Published by DigitalCommons@UNO, 2015 checkers, backgammon, and Global Thermonuclear War. After beginning a game of GTW from his bedroom—a game which shows up... ” behind JOSHUA’s thinking is the satirized logic of Herman Kahn, RAND’s controversial game theorist and the author of On Thermonuclear War (1960). Kahn, who calmly theorized about “tragic but distinguishable postwar states” and if there was “any...

  12. The Geometry Of War The Geometry Of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslaksen, Helmer

    The Geometry Of War 1 #12;The Geometry Of War GEM1518K Mathematics in Arts &Architecture Presenting : The Geometry Of War Prepared by: 1) Linda Tjoe Matriculation number: U017984E 2) Lince Salim Matriculation017997 2 #12;The Geometry Of War Contents Page(s) Introduction 1 1.1 Early Canon 2 1.2 The Triumph

  13. "The ghosts of the Civil War never leave us, as David Blight knows perhaps better than anyone, and in this superb book he masterfully

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "The ghosts of the Civil War never leave us, as David Blight knows perhaps better than anyone is not free." He delivered this speech just three years after the Virginia Civil War Commission published States a century earlier. Amid cold war politics and civil rights protest, four of America's most

  14. Anti-War Statements in 'the War-Prayer' and 'the Private History of a Campaign That Failed'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oran, Maggie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Penguin, 1994. Twain, Mark. “The War-Prayer. ” War-Prayer” Essayson “The War-Prayer” Anti-War Statements in “The War-Prayer”

  15. Caloocan: The War-Prayer Answered

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, Darryl

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    opposition to exploitative wars, now and in the future, willman in the back. New Perspectives on “The War-Prayer” Essayson “The War-Prayer” Treason. . .encouraging insurgents. . .

  16. The environmental effects of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacCracken, M.C.

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Substantial environmental disruption will significantly add to the disastrous consequences caused by the direct thermal, blast, and radiological effects brought on by a major nuclear war. Local fallout could cover several percent of the Northern Hemisphere with potentially lethal doses. Smoke from post-nuclear fires could darken the skies and induce temperature decreases of tens of degrees in continental interiors. Stratospheric ozone could be significantly reduced due to nitric oxide injections and smoke-induced circulation changes. The environmental effects spread the consequences of a nuclear war to the world population, adding to the potentially large disruptive effects a further reason to avoid such a catastrophe. 27 refs., 4 figs.

  17. Rationalist causes of war : mechanisms, experiments, and East Asian wars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quek, Ch-yuan Kaiy

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation specifies and tests rationalist mechanisms of war. Why would rational states fight each other despite their incentives for peaceful bargains that would avoid the costs of war? In the rationalist theory ...

  18. Nuclear weapons and nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cassel, C.; McCally, M.; Abraham, H.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book examines the potential radiation hazards and environmental impacts of nuclear weapons. Topics considered include medical responsibility and thermonuclear war, the threat of nuclear war, nuclear weaponry, biological effects, radiation injury, decontamination, long-term effects, ecological effects, psychological aspects, the economic implications of nuclear weapons and war, ethics, civil defense, arms control, nuclear winter, and long-term biological consequences of nuclear war.

  19. Gewaltiger war nur der Urknall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gewaltiger war nur der Urknall Das soll der Auf- macher werden KONGRESSBERICHT 60 M A X P L A N C K tatsächlich einen Gammablitz. Allerdings war der nicht von der Erde gekommen, son- dern aus dem Weltraum. Es extraterrestrische Physik in Garching beteiligt waren, in eine Erdumlaufbahn brachte. Das Ergeb- nis war absolut

  20. SECOND WORLD WAR THE UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Todd C.

    RECORD OF SERVICE SECOND WORLD WAR THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA VANCOUVER #12;IN MEMORIAM #12$,T'r 113a,. #12;#12;RECORD OF SERVICE IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR THEUNIVERSITY OF BRITISHCOLUMBIA A Supplement to the University of British Columbia War Memorial Manuscript Record. Vancouver, Canada, 1955. #12;Printed

  1. Australia and nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denborough, M.A.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume compiles the papers presented in the conference held in May 1983 under the auspices of the Center for Continuing Education at the Australian National University. It also includes some previously unpublished scientific research. The papers range from analyses of the atmospheric and medical consequences of nuclear war to summaries of the efforts of people in all walks of life to prevent a global catastrophe.

  2. Editors' Introduction: New Perspectives on 'The War-Prayer'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fishkin, Shelley Fisher; Tatsumi, Takayuki

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the Philippine-American War, ed. Jim Zwick (Syracuse:Philippine-American War, and War: The Philippine-American War

  3. A Dynamic Theory of Resource Wars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a dynamic theory of resource wars and study the conditions under which such wars can be prevented. The interaction between the scarcity of resources and the incentives for war in the presence of limited commitment ...

  4. Sentimental Poetry of the American Civil War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trapp, Marjorie Jane

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Company, 1866. Devon, W. A. War Lyrics. New York: SinclairHickey, ed. Ballads of the War. New York: J. Robins, 1862.Eggleston, G. C, ed. American War Ballads and Lyrics. New

  5. Telling Absence: War Widows, Loss and Memory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loipponen, Jaana

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis concerns feminist sociological analysis of war loss and its consequences as experienced and told by Finnish Karelian war widows of World War 2. They lost their partners and had to leave their homes by force, ...

  6. A Dynamic Theory of Resource Wars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    We develop a dynamic theory of resource wars and study the conditions under which such wars can be prevented. Our focus is on the interaction between the scarcity of resources and the incentives for war in the presence of ...

  7. Recovery Act Workers Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Recovery Act Workers Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites, Help Reduce Cold War Footprint Recovery Act Workers Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites, Help Reduce Cold War...

  8. Foreign affairs, vote choice, and the post Cold War era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flaim, Clayton Thomas

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    this by believing that foreign policy issues do not matter to voters. They find, using NES and Gallup data from 1980 and 1984, that foreign policy does matter to voters. One possible problem exists in the validity of these results. They may be time bound by the end...

  9. Summer Fellow Explores EM’s Cold War Cleanup

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Jared Woods graduates from the Maine Maritime Academy (MMA) next month with the experience of an adventurous summer as a fellow in the DOE Scholars Program, an opportunity to explore the agency’s careers and learn about its mission and operations.

  10. Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomy and Emissions EstimatesLindsey Geisler

  11. Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is Your Home asLCLS Experimental

  12. It was 1986, during the Cold War, and I

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12 Investigation Peer ReviewIronNuclear Physicsii DirectIssues

  13. Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & Gas »ofMarketing | Department ofEnergyEnergy9LinacProcesses

  14. Recovery Act funds advance cleanup efforts at Cold War site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements Recently Approved Justification MemorandaRecords Management TheCleanup

  15. SAVANNAH RIVER SITE COLD WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements RecentlyElectronicResourcesjobs Running jobsS2. Receipts and QualityHWAR

  16. SAVANNAH RIVER SITE COLD WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements RecentlyElectronicResourcesjobs Running jobsS2. Receipts and

  17. Manhattan Project: The Cold War, 1945-1990

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy, science, and technology-- Energy,Science In theWest Berliner talks to the

  18. Nuclear winter. The human and environmental consequences of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harwell, M.A.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear Winter is an analysis of the consequences of nuclear war for humans and the environment. It is an account of the world after nuclear war that includes both effects on humans and the phenomenon of nuclear winter. Contents: Foreward by Russell W. Peterson. Introduction. Scenario Development. Initial Conditions: Human Health Effects; State of Physical and Biological Systems; State of Atmospheric Systems; Local Fallout Patterns; Summary of Immediate Effects. Intermediate and Long-Term Consequences: Major Problem Areas: Effects of Reduced Temperatures; Effects of Reduced Light Levels; Effects on Agricultural Production; Societal Disruptions. Relatively Lesser Problem Areas. Recovery Processes. Summary of Consequences.

  19. After nuclear war - a nuclear winter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tangley, L.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The environmental and biological consequences of nuclear war were discussed by more than 100 eminent biologists, physicists and atmospheric scientists at the recent World after Nuclear War conference. The long-term effects were determined to be worse than the well-known immediate effects. They predicted that 225 million tons of smoke would be generated within a few days in their baseline scenario. As a result, the amount of sunlight reaching the earth would be reduced to a few percent of normal and temperatures would fall to -23/sup 0/C. About 30% of the northern middle latitudes would receive more than 250 rads radiation dose for several months and about 50% of the land area would receive more than 100 rads. Dangerous levels of solar ultraviolet light would burn through the atmosphere. It was also determined that these effects would be felt in the southern hemisphere. Those who survived the blast, fire and prompt radiation would face starvation from shutdown of plant photosynthesis and inhibition of phytoplankton photosynthesis. Huge wildfires and acid rains would stress any surviving plants and animals. Conference participants agreed that scientists had taken a new and significant step toward understanding the full consequences of nuclear war.

  20. Modeling Civil War Gerard Padr i Miquel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Modeling Civil War Gerard Padró i Miquel LSE March 2009 Padró i Miquel (LSE) Civil War March 2009 1 half of countries have experienced some episode of civil war since 1960 If one is willing to consider violent communal and ethnic conict it is even more prevalent Civil war has killed more than 16.2 million

  1. HISTORY 483 THE FIRST WORLD WAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    HISTORY 483 THE FIRST WORLD WAR Summer 2012 Saturday 9:00 ­ 14:30 ST139 Instructor: Paul Ramsey By far the most significant event of the twentieth century the legacy of the First World War continues, military, social, and economic spheres of the war ­ and the concept of `total war'. Students

  2. The War of Information Wolfgang Pesendorfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The War of Information Faruk Gul and Wolfgang Pesendorfer Princeton University April 2011 Abstract the war of information. The war of information has a unique subgame perfect equilibrium and the higher is its probability of winning. Viewed as a game between the two parties, the war of information

  3. Masters in War Studies Politics, Strategy & Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasgow, University of

    Masters in War Studies Politics, Strategy & Operations www.glasgow.ac.uk/warstudies #12;MLitt in War Studies The MLitt in War Studies aims to challenge, educate and engage students by exposing you to a wide range of different ideas about war in all its aspects. Core course: Theory & Reality in Western

  4. Environmental consequences of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toon, Owen B. [Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado (United States); Robock, Alan [Department of Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey (United States); Turco, Richard P. [Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A regional war involving 100 Hiroshima-sized weapons would pose a worldwide threat due to ozone destruction and climate change. A superpower confrontation with a few thousand weapons would be catastrophic.

  5. Shetland and the Great War 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riddell, Linda Katherine

    2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Great War was an enormous global cataclysm affecting the lives of all inhabitants of the combatant countries and many others. The effects were not uniform, however, and, by assessing the experience of the people of ...

  6. Futurist War Noises: Confronting and Coping with the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Selena

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Press, 1998. _____. “Violence, War, Revolution: Marinetti’sPerloff, Marjorie. “The Great War and the European Avant-Literature of the First World War, edited by V. Sherry, 141-

  7. Cold warriors target arms control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Isaacs, J.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While disagreements over the conflict in Bosnia have strained US relations with Western Europe and Russia, these divisions will pale in comparison to the tensions that will arise if recent congressional arms control decisions become law. If the Republicans who dominate Congress are successful, a series of arms control agreements painstakingly negotiated by Republican and Democratic presidents could be consigned to the ash heap. This list includes the Start I and Start II nuclear reduction agreements, the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty and the ongoing negotiations to achieve a comprehensive test ban (CTB) by 1996. US leadership in the post-Cold War era will undermined as the international community, already skeptical about this country`s direction, will question the ability of the executive branch to surmount isolantionist impulses.

  8. Fine line between peacekeeping and war. Research report, August 1993-April 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Betancourt, J.L.

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The post-Cold War international environment is being shaped by forces of integration and disintegration. The civil war in Somalia is an example of the challenges that will confront the U.S. as it seeks to exercise leadership both unilaterally and in multinational forums. Somalia is the first case after the Cold War in which U.N. forces were committed to enforce peace under Chapter VII of the Charter. However, the transition from a humanitarian assistance and peacekeeping mission to peace enforcement was made abruptly, without the benefit of thoughtful discussion of all of the elements that created the conflict. Consequently, U.S. force was used inappropriately to achieve ill defined objectives, resulting in the loss of American troops and the decision to effect a complete withdrawal from Somalia. There are many excellent lessons to be learned from the U.S.`s involvement in Somalia. Principal among these is that in today`s increasingly anarchic international environment, prudence dictates that the decision to send U.S. forces in harm`s way should be the result of deliberate, thoughtful discussion at the highest level of our government However, to continue to exercise its world leadership role, the U.S. must not let Somalia be the defining experience in the use of force after the Cold War.

  9. Nuclear War. The moral dimension

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Child, J.W.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U.S. nuclear policy has become the target of increasing criticism during the past decade. Critics often argue that the use of nuclear weapons would be irrational, would destroy humankind, and thus could not serve any rational policy goal. Other critics point to the immortality of the use of nuclear weapons. Both groups condemn U.S. military policy. In Nuclear War, James Child considers and rejects both these lines of criticism. He argues that a policy of deterrence can be both rational and moral; that U.S. nuclear policy is, on balance, based on rational and moral foundations. Child examines near-term consequences of a nuclear war and finds them ghastly but not unthinkable or incomparable to the havoc produced by previous wars. He also analyzes long-term consequences, such as those proposed by the ''nuclear winter'' theory, and finds the fear of total annihilation of humankind to be unfounded.

  10. Truman, Congress and the struggle for war and peace in Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blomstedt, Larry Wayne

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    quoted in Stephen Whitfield, The Culture of the Cold War (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991), 60; ?Impeach Truman,? Chicago Tribune, 12 April 1951, p. 1; Short quoted in David Rees, Korea: The Limited War (New York: St. Martin?s Press... in their struggle against the Communists. Realizing the futility of continued American support of the Nationalists, Acheson generated a 1,054-page ?white paper? on America?s China policy in late July 1949. The report concluded that popular support for Chiang had...

  11. "War and Peace: July 1914 and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitchcock, Adam P.

    "War and Peace: July 1914 and the Conference that never was" Department of History Chester New Hall against the war. He was assassinated on 31 July, 1914 by a French nationalist. Represented by Dr. Jennifer-known pacifist during the First World War, which led to him losing his position at the university. Prior

  12. An All Women's Response to War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Rebecca

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An All Women’s Response to War I n t e r n a t i o n a l W oan All Women’s Response to the War to take place on March 8,the loudest. The continuous war and aggression in Iraq are

  13. Secret War, Secret Science Brad Osgood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osgood, Brad

    Secret War, Secret Science Brad Osgood Stanford University #12;Tehran meeting November 28th -- December 1st 1943 "In war-time, truth is so precious that she should always be attended by a bodyguard. David Kahn, The Codebreakers #12;The early events · Britain's first offensive action of the war

  14. American prisoner of war policy and practice from the Revolutionary War to the War on Terror

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Springer, Paul Joseph

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    of thousands of prisoners. This assertion was countered by G?nter Bischof and Stephen E. Ambrose, eds., Eisenhower and the German Prisoners of War (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1992), and will be considered further in Chapter VII. 7...

  15. Climatic effects of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turco, R.P.; Toon, O.B.; Ackerman, T.P.; Pollack, J.B.; Sagan, C.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent findings by this group confirmed by workers in Europe, the US and the USSR, suggest that the long-term climatic effects of a major nuclear war are likely to be much severer and farther-reaching than had been supposed. In the aftermath of such a war vast areas of the earth could be subjected to prolonged darkness, abnormally low temperatures, violent windstorms, toxic smog and persistent radioactive fallout - in short, the combination of conditions that has come to be known as nuclear winter. In brief, the authors' initial results, published in Science in December, 1983, showed that the potential global atmospheric and climatic consequences of nuclear war...are serious. Significant hemispherical attenuation of the solar radiation flux and subfreezing land temperatures may be caused by fine dust raised in high-yield nuclear surface bursts and by smoke from city and forest fires ignited by airbursts of all yields. Subsequent studies, based on more powerful models of the general circulation of the earth's atmosphere, have tended to confirm both the validity of the authors' investgative approach and the main thrust of their findings. Most of this article is devoted to reviewing the current state of knowledge on this vital issue.

  16. Climatic effects of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Covey, C.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Global climatic consequences of a nuclear war have, until recently, been assumed to be insignificant compared with the obviously devastating direct effects from blast, heat, and short-term fallout. But a number of investigations carried out over the past few years indicate that climatic impact could actually be severe enough to threaten the global ecosystem significantly, including regions that may not have been directly involved in the war. This change in perception comes as researchers realize that the fires ignited by nuclear explosions would generate so much smoke that, even spread over a large portion of Earth's surface, densities could be high enough to block most of the sunlight normally reaching the ground. As a result, temperatures could decrease below freezing in a nuclear winter lasting weeks to months. Smoke from fires is what would make nuclear winter so severe. Of necessity, theoretical models are relied upon to estimate the climatic impact of nuclear war. The models incorporate many uncertain assumptions, particularly regarding the small-scale details of smoke production by fires.

  17. The War on Terrorism and What We Can Learn from our War with Fire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WHITLEY, JOHN B.; YONAS, GEROLD

    2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The highly leveraged, asymmetric attacks of September 11th have launched the nation on a vast ''War on Terrorism''. Now that our vulnerabilities and the enemies' objectives and determination have been demonstrated, we find ourselves rapidly immersed in a huge, complex problem that is virtually devoid of true understanding while being swamped with resources and proposed technologies for solutions. How do we win this war? How do we make sure that we are making the proper investments? What things or freedoms or rights do we have to give up to win? Where do we even start? In analyzing this problem, many similarities to mankind's battle with uncontrolled fire and the threat it presented to society were noted. Major fires throughout history have destroyed whole cities and caused massive loss of life and property. Solutions were devised that have gradually, over several hundred years, reduced this threat to a level that allows us to co-exist with the threat of fire by applying constant vigilance and investments in fire protection, but without living in constant fear and dread from fire. We have created a multi-pronged approach to fire protection that involves both government and individuals in the prevention, mitigation, and response to fires. Fire protection has become a virtually unnoticed constant in our daily lives; we will have to do the same for terrorism. This paper discusses the history of fire protection and draws analogies to our War on Terrorism. We have, as a society, tackled and successfully conquered a problem as big as terrorism. From this battle, we can learn and take comfort.

  18. WDTS Application & Review System (WARS) Mentor Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisen, Michael

    WDTS Application & Review System (WARS) Mentor Manual #12;2 Table of Contents How To Log In ..................................................................................... 3 (supported browsers) Mentor Dashboard .................................................................................4 Mentor Profile

  19. WDTS Application & Review System (WARS) Mentor Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    1 WDTS Application & Review System (WARS) Mentor Manual #12;2 Table of Contents How To Log In ..................................................................................... 3 (supported browsers) Mentor Dashboard .................................................................................4 Mentor Profile

  20. Cold cathode vacuum discharge tube

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boettcher, Gordon E. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cold cathode vacuum discharge tube, and method for making same, with an interior surface of the trigger probe coated with carbon deposited by carbon vapor deposition (CVD) or diamond-like carbon (DLC) deposition. Preferably a solid graphite insert is employed in the probe-cathode structure in place of an aluminum bushing employed in the prior art. The CVD or DLC probe face is laser scribed to allow resistance trimming to match available trigger voltage signals and to reduce electrical aging.

  1. WAR DEPARTaMMeNT

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City, Arizona, DisposalFourthN V4100 DOE/EA-1452Di ..I WAR DEPARTaMMeNT

  2. Mutual Optimism as a Rationalist Cause of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slantchev, Branislav L

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geoffrey. 1988. The Causes of War. 3rd ed. New York: FreeExplanations for War. ” In- ternational Organization 49(2007. “Mutual Optimism and War. ” American Journal of

  3. Gesturing beyond the Frame: Transnational Trauma and US War Fiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lahti, Ruth A. H.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Civilians in America’s Wars (New York: Oxford UniversityButler, Judith. Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable? NewRacial Melancholy in Vietnam War Representation. ” Arizona

  4. The Armed Peace: A Punctuated Equilibrium Theory of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slantchev, Branislav L

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Explanations for War. ” In- ternational Organization 49 (D. 2004. “Why Do Some Civil Wars Last So Much Longer ThanAhmer Tarar. 2005. “War and Incom- g plete Information. ”

  5. America's Other Half: Slum Journalism and the War of 1898

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leary, John Patrick

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    McClure, 1898.    ———.  The War Dispatches of Stephen Richard Harding.  Cuba in War Time.  Lincoln: University of The Spanish?Cuban?American War and the Birth of American 

  6. 'the War-Prayer' in U. S. Popular Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, John J.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Resources for Times of War or National Crisis. ” 31 Jan.Resonate Still with Iraq War. ” St. Louis Post-Dispatch 132005: B1. Pyle, David. “Why a War-Prayer? ” 11 July 2004. 26

  7. War Games: Simulating Collins’ Theory of Battle Victory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Jesse B; Apkarian, Jacob; Roberts, Anthony; Lawrence, Kirk; Chase-Dunn, Christopher; Hanneman, Robert A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Friction and Future War. Washington D.C. : Institute forRunning During the Civil War. Columbia, SC: University ofBattle Tactics of the Civil War. New Haven: Yale University

  8. 17.42 Causes and Prevention of War, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Evera, Stephen

    The causes and prevention of interstate war are the central topics of this course. The course goal is to discover and assess the means to prevent or control war. Hence we focus on manipulable or controllable war-causes. ...

  9. 17.423 Causes and Prevention of War, Spring 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Evera, Stephen

    Examines the causes of war, with a focus on practical measures to prevent and control war. Topics covered include: causes and consequences of national misperception; military strategy and policy as cause of war; US foreign ...

  10. Nuclear War from a Cosmic Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tegmark, Max

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I discuss the impact of computer progress on nuclear war policy, both by enabling more accurate nuclear winter simulations and by affecting the probability of war starting accidentally. I argue that from a cosmic perspective, humanity's track record of risk mitigation is inexcusably pathetic, jeopardizing the potential for life to flourish for billions of years.

  11. The strategic offense initiative? The Soviets and Star Wars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westwick, Peter J. [History Department, University of Southern California, Los Angles, California (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Historians of the Cold War have paid too little attention to Soviet fears of 'space-strike weapons' - that is, possible offensive uses of President Ronald Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative. In fifteen years or so, soldiers will no longer shoot rifles but will use some kind of lightning, some sort of a machine emitting a holocaustal electrical beam. Tell me, what can we invent in this line so as to surprise our neighbors?... Alas, we are only capable of imitating and purchasing weapons from others, and we do well if we manage to repair them ourselves. --Fyodor Dostoevsky, A Writer's Diary, 1873. [Khlinov, a physicist]: 'I know that he has made an important discovery concerning the transmission of infra-red rays over a distance.... Heat waves at a temperature of a thousand degrees centigrade transmitted parallel to each other constitute a monstrous weapon of destruction and defense in time of war. The whole secret lies in the transmission of a ray that does not disperse. So far nobody has been able to do this. Judging by your story, Garin has constructed a machine that will do it. If so it is an extremely important discovery.' 'I've been thinking for a long time that this invention smells of higher politics,' said Shelga. --Aleksei Tolstoy, The Garin Death Ray, 1927 (translated by George Hanna)

  12. Some aspects of nuclear power plant safety under war conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stritar, A.; Mavko, B.; Susnik, J.; Sarler, B. (Jozef Stefan Inst., Ljubljana (Slovenia))

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the summer of 1991, the Krsko nuclear power plant in Slovenia found itself in an area of military operations. This was probably the first commercial nuclear power plant to have been threatened by an attack by fighter jets. A number of never-before-asked questions had to be answered by the operating staff and supporting organizations. Some aspects of nuclear power plant safety under war conditions are described, such as the selection of the best plant operating state before the attack and the determination of plant system vulnerability and dose releases from the potentially damaged spent fuel in the spent-fuel pit. The best operating mode to which the plant should be brought before the attack is cold shutdown, and radiological consequences to the environment after the spent fuel is damaged and the water in the pit is lost are not very high. The problem of nuclear power plant safety under war conditions should be addressed in more detail in the future.

  13. If Only This War Would End : : German Soldiers in the Last Year of the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zroka, Ryan Edward

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    164. Ziemann, Benjamin. War Experiences in Rural Germany.Herwig, The First World War: Germany and Austria-Hungary,256. Herwig, The First World War, 256. MKB, Stein, 21 Jan.

  14. Blood and Ink: Russian and Soviet Jewish Chroniclers of Catastrophe from World War I to World War II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zavadivker, Polly

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1989. ----------. A Writer at War: A Soviet Journalist withof Settlement During World War I. Ed. and trans. JoachimThe Jews in the Eastern War Zone. New York: The American

  15. The Wildlife Accident Reporting System (WARS) in British Columbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sielecki, Leonard E.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2001, WARS 2000 Wildlife Accident Reporting System (2000related motor vehicle accident claim data and funding toTHE WILDLIFE ACCIDENT REPORTING SYSTEM (WARS) IN BRITISH

  16. Extinction cascade: biological consequence of nuclear war/winter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vaughan, G.L.; Pimm, S.; Fields, D.E.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current estimates suggest that direct human casualties in a full-scale nuclear war will exceed one billion people, largely centered around urban and military/industrial centers of the northern hemisphere. The sheer magnitude of potential for immediate human death and suffering in nuclear attack and retaliatory response has served as an effective deterrent for >40 yr. It has become apparent, however, that short-term human mortality and mobidity may not be the factors of greatest concern. It is probable that a larger impact may be attributable to long-term environmental degradation. The general consensus is that a large nuclear war would produce enough smoke to alter and darken the atmosphere so that most of the northern hemisphere would experience reduced temperature, low light levels, altered rainfall patterns, and toxic smog/rain as well as significant exposure to radioactive fallout. Analysis of the environmental changes associated with early nuclear winter scenarios showed a potential for the extinction of a large portion of the earth's plants and animals. Estimates of nuclear winter consequences contain considerable uncertainty. The considerable uncertainties contained in nuclear winter predictions are mentioned. Considering these uncertainties, it is difficult to make definitive statements about the survival of any individual species. It is not, however, difficult to predict that, even with the mitigated nuclear autumn scenario, a mass extinction of biological species, floral and faunal, will result from large-scale nuclear war.

  17. War casualties on the home front

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brenda J. Flinn

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On May 12, 1942, at Christopher coal mine No. 3 in Osage, West Virginia, a continent away from the frontlines of World War II, Superintendent Ed O'Neil saw the mine ventilation fan suddenly run backwards, propelled by a strong gust of air that tore the belt off the huge blower. The second shift mantrip of 115 coal miners, traversing the drift mouth for the 3:00 p.m. shift, ground to an uneasy halt. The article recounts the tragic consequences of this incident. It also tells of other events affecting coal miners during World War I and World War II.

  18. Toward understanding the effects of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grover, H.D.; White, G.F.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors discuss the scientific justifications for studying the consequences of nuclear war. The consequences of nuclear war and nuclear winter - biotic impoverishment, climate change, pollution of the air, water, and soil - recapitulate in compressed time the patterns of ecological change humankind is even now imposing on the planet. By studying the biological consequences of nuclear war, important discoveries about the intricate nature of the global ecosystem may be made. Wiser management practices and more thorough appreciation of alterations in the physical and biological environment could results.

  19. "Still at War! From Poison Gas to Drones"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, Oliver

    "Still at War! From Poison Gas to Drones" European Cultural Days 2014 Opening Address on Friday, 16 decided on the title of our symposium, "Still at War! From Poison Gas to Drones", one thing was clear to us: a great degree of continuity in the phenomenon of war can easily be demon- strated, even if war

  20. The Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    The Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War Seminars Michaelmas Term 2013 Lunchtime Discussions with Changing Character of War Seminars are at 1.00pm, Seminar Room G, Manor Road Building, Oxford Oliveira (Oxford) War and Peace in Angola Tuesday 22nd October Professor Christopher Coker (LSE) Men at War

  1. Groups in Mind: The Coalitional Roots o[War and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cosmides, Leda

    8 Groups in Mind: The Coalitional Roots o[War and Morality John Tooby and Leda Cosmides War, Coalitions, and the HUnlan Condition War is older than the human species. It is found in every region. There is no evidence of it having originated in one place, and spread by contact to others. War is reflected

  2. Trafficking, Rents, and Diaspora in the Lebanese War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2 Trafficking, Rents, and Diaspora in the Lebanese War Elizabeth Picard 23 Economics against Culture: A Lebanese Controversy The civil war in Lebanon took place between 1975 and 1990, nearly a quar remain divided between two schools of analysis. Some see the Lebanese civil war as a portent of the "war

  3. Risks of using AP locations discovered through war driving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotz, David

    Risks of using AP locations discovered through war driving Minkyong Kim, Jeffrey J. Fielding the actual locations are often unavailable, they use estimated locations from war driving estimated through war driving. War driving is the process of collecting Wi-Fi beacons by driving or walking

  4. Torture of terrorists? Use of torture in a ``war

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Torture of terrorists? Use of torture in a ``war against terrorism'': justifications, methods 8058). Abstract During its war against the armed nationalist movement fighting for Algerian in a war of this kind, even though the Algerian War has been presented as a model for many subsequent

  5. Puritan Military Justice: American War Crimes and the Global War on Terrorism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzo, Ronald

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    -martial in Afghan killings,? Seattle Times October 15 2010, ?Fast-paced probe laid foundation for murder charges against Lewis-McChord soldiers,? Seattle Times October 26, 2010, ?Hearing set for soldier in war-crimes case,? Seattle Times November 5, 2010, ?Army... outlines war-crimes case at Lewis-McChord; most witnesses mum,? Seattle Times November 9, 2010, ?Lewis-McChord soldier found guilty of 3 murders in war-crimes case,? Seattle Times November 10, 2011, and ?War-crimes case against soldiers who served...

  6. Climate changes focus of research on effects of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baum, R.M.

    1983-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent research involving the modeling of 18 nuclear war scenarios shows that enough dust and soot could be injected into the atmosphere to block sunlight for two to three months and create a nuclear winter. The type of target appears to be more critical than the total megatonnage. The model assumes that rainfall will follow normal patterns, although the temperature inversion following nuclear blasts would likely reduce precipitation and slow the washing down of soot. Less-pronounced effects would occur over water than over land. Research results presented at an American Geophysical Union symposium varied, but there was a consensus on the general trends of effects. (DCK)

  7. The Emerging Criminal War on Sex Offenders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yung, Corey Rayburn

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article addresses four central questions. First, what is the difference between normal law enforcement policy and a “war” on crime? Second, assuming such a line can be discerned, has the enactment of the Adam Walsh ...

  8. special focus Women war survivors Leadership training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Robert

    special focus Women war survivors Leadership training for the West Midlands Police Improving WEEE- owned low-carbon vehicles 30 Q&a Packing up wEEE has been made more efficient 16 managing editor Karen

  9. Climatic and biological consequences of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grover, H.D.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Projecting comprehensively the climatic and biological consequences of nuclear war brings into question the perceived security ascribed to policies of deterrence, as well as the efficacy of civil preparedness measures, particularly relocation plans. It is presumed the probability that nuclear war will occur is low, but the potential consequences are so great that the issue must be given full attention. Nuclear war is the greatest environmental threat we face. Yet the problem should be solvable. It is especially important that environmentally concerned citizens and scientists apply their knowledge and understanding to the problem because many of the changes in environmental quality that concerns us today, such as air and water pollution by a host of organic and inorganic agents, represent the principle mechanism whereby life could be threatened in the aftermath of nuclear war. 29 references.

  10. YMCA England, World War One Engagement Centre: Voices of War and Peace, and the Cadbury Research Library, University of Birmingham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    YMCA England, World War One Engagement Centre: Voices of War and Peace, and the Cadbury Research Library, University of Birmingham THE YMCA GOES TO WAR: A DAY SCHOOL Saturday 11 October 2014.1510.30: Welcome 10.3012.00: `The War in Context' (Prof. Clyde Binfield, University of Sheffield) `Arthur

  11. The mirror effect: Virginia Woolf's war writings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murchison, Marcia Wilkens

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    THE MIRROR EFFECT: VIRGINIA WOOLF'S WAR WRITINGS A Semor Honors Thesis By MARCIA WILKENS MURCHISON Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships Texas A&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements... of the UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS April 2000 Group: Humanities THE MIRROR EFFECT: VIRGINIA WOOLF'S WAR WRITINGS A Senior Honors Thesis By MARCIA WILKENS MURCHISON Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships Texas Ak...

  12. Cold cathode vacuum discharge tube

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boettcher, G.E.

    1998-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A cold cathode vacuum discharge tube, and method for making same, with an interior surface of the trigger probe coated with carbon deposited by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) or diamond-like carbon (DLC) deposition are disclosed. Preferably a solid graphite insert is employed in the probe-cathode structure in place of an aluminum bushing employed in the prior art. The CVD or DLC probe face is laser scribed to allow resistance trimming to match available trigger voltage signals and to reduce electrical aging. 14 figs.

  13. Cold cathode vacuum discharge tube

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boettcher, G.E.

    1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A cold cathode vacuum discharge tube, and method for making same, are disclosed with an interior surface of the trigger probe coated with carbon deposited by carbon vapor deposition (CVD) or diamond-like carbon (DLC) deposition. Preferably a solid graphite insert is employed in the probe-cathode structure in place of an aluminum bushing employed in the prior art. The CVD or DLC probe face is laser scribed to allow resistance trimming to match available trigger voltage signals and to reduce electrical aging. 15 figs.

  14. Cultural Capital in Spain'S MeMory WarS Dr. SebaStiaan Faberoberlin College

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, Peter B.

    History MeMory trutH Cultural Capital in Spain'S MeMory WarS Dr. SebaStiaan Faberoberlin College Since the late 1990s, Spain has seen a series of public disputes over the historical memory tell it--and the relationship that today's Spain should have with that past. In the past fifteen years

  15. Going to Ground(s): The War Correspondent’s Memoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Christopher P.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Obligations in World War II. Washington, DC: SmithsonianNormalcy: Home Fronts, Good Soldiers, War Correspondents. ”War, Literature and the Arts 24 (2012): 1–25. ———. “Stephen

  16. Going Paranoid from the Cold War to the Post-Cold War: Conspiracy Fiction of DeLillo, Didion, and Silko

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lew, Seung

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    ., and J. Edgar Hoover, to name a few?felt that traditional American liberal values, such as Weberian rugged individualism, autonomy, rationality, and national unity, were increasingly challenged by the ever-expanding commodification and corporatization... by subversive minorities? as alleged most notoriously by Senator Joseph McCarthy and FBI director J. Edgar Hoover, the ?new forms of oppositional conspiracy culture? emerging in the 1960s and after ?have been based on the assumption that the American way...

  17. Numerical Analysis of a Cold Air Distribution System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, L.; Li, R.; Yuan, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cold air distribution systems may reduce the operating energy consumption of air-conditioned air supply system and improve the outside air volume percentages and indoor air quality. However, indoor temperature patterns and velocity field are easily...

  18. Cold Air Distribution in Office Buildings: Technology Assessment for California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauman, F.S.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During building cooling the chillers supply 42 °P water towith 42°P supply air always reduced cooling and totalpart-load) cooling with cold air supply. In most California

  19. Equatorial currents transport changes for extreme warm and cold events in the Atlantic Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Equatorial currents transport changes for extreme warm and cold events in the Atlantic Ocean Marlos compositedevents.For the cold(warm)eventthe EUC shows a greater (reduced) transport and core velocity, and a deeper.Wainer, Equatorial currents transport changes for extreme warm and cold events in the Atlantic Ocean, Geophys. Res

  20. Cuba Libre at Odds: Hemingway, Twain, and the Spanish-American War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsuji, Hideo

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hemingway ever read Twain’s “War-Prayer,” this piece andon the Philippine-American War are indispensable materi- alsNew Perspectives on “The War-Prayer” Essays on “The War-

  1. Photo of the Week: Cold as Ice - Using Titan to Build More Efficient...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    materials for wind turbines, researchers can increase turbine efficiency and reduce potential downtime for wind turbines in cold climates. The teams use Oak Ridge National...

  2. Deserting Gender: A Feminist Rhetorical Approach to Vietnam War Novels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Womack, Anne-Marie

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Female characters and references to femininity throughout American war literature disrupt discursive and biological divisions of the masculine and feminine. In examining gender and war literature over the twentieth century, ...

  3. Besa: Muslims Who Saved Jews in World War II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Luann

    Besa: Muslims Who Saved Jews in World War II The Herman P. and Sophia Taubman Foundation Endowed fleeing the Nazis. His illustrated volume, Besa: Muslims Who Saved Jews in World War II, offers a haunting

  4. Post World War II missions emerge for Y-12

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Post World War II missions emerge for Y-12 During the period immediately after World War II, Y-12 underwent tremendous change. A location built for one purpose alone - that being...

  5. Home Front as Warfront: African American World War I Drama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egging, Anna Katherine

    2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation recovers little-known African American World War I plays that blur the boundary between the home front and warfront. I argue that with this focus, the plays wage their own war for African American citizenship ...

  6. Cold atmospheric plasma in cancer therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keidar, Michael; Shashurin, Alex; Volotskova, Olga [Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, George Washington University, Washington DC 20052 (United States)] [Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, George Washington University, Washington DC 20052 (United States); Ann Stepp, Mary [Medical School, George Washington University, Washington DC 20052 (United States)] [Medical School, George Washington University, Washington DC 20052 (United States); Srinivasan, Priya; Sandler, Anthony [Childrens National Medical Center, Washington DC 20010 (United States)] [Childrens National Medical Center, Washington DC 20010 (United States); Trink, Barry [Head and Neck Cancer Research Division, Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 (United States)] [Head and Neck Cancer Research Division, Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 (United States)

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent progress in atmospheric plasmas has led to the creation of cold plasmas with ion temperature close to room temperature. This paper outlines recent progress in understanding of cold plasma physics as well as application of cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) in cancer therapy. Varieties of novel plasma diagnostic techniques were developed recently in a quest to understand physics of CAP. It was established that the streamer head charge is about 10{sup 8} electrons, the electrical field in the head vicinity is about 10{sup 7} V/m, and the electron density of the streamer column is about 10{sup 19} m{sup ?3}. Both in-vitro and in-vivo studies of CAP action on cancer were performed. It was shown that the cold plasma application selectively eradicates cancer cells in-vitro without damaging normal cells and significantly reduces tumor size in-vivo. Studies indicate that the mechanism of action of cold plasma on cancer cells is related to generation of reactive oxygen species with possible induction of the apoptosis pathway. It is also shown that the cancer cells are more susceptible to the effects of CAP because a greater percentage of cells are in the S phase of the cell cycle.

  7. Freshwater Availability Anomalies and Outbreak of Internal War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Freshwater Availability Anomalies and Outbreak of Internal War: Results from a Global Spatial Time, Asker, near Oslo, 21­23 June 2005 Organizers: Centre for the Study of Civil War, International Peace War: Results from a Global Spatial Time Series Analysis1 Abstract We investigated the relationship

  8. Just War and Robots' Killings Thomas W. Simpson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Mark

    1 Just War and Robots' Killings Thomas W. Simpson Associate Professor of Philosophy and Public systems--`killer robots'--be used in war? There is a growing campaign in favour of an international of right assumed by Just War theory. This is necessary because the most important arguments against killer

  9. Freshwater Availability Anomalies and Outbreak of Internal War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Freshwater Availability Anomalies and Outbreak of Internal War: Results from a Global Spatial Time Organizers: Centre for the Study of Civil War, International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) & Centre Freshwater Availability Anomalies and Outbreak of Internal War: Results from a Global Spatial Time Series

  10. War: The dynamics of vicious civilizations I. Ispolatov,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redner, Sidney

    War: The dynamics of vicious civilizations I. Ispolatov,1 P. L. Krapivsky,2 and S. Redner1 1 Center The dynamics of ``vicious,'' continuously growing civilizations domains , which engage in ``war'' when- ever two domains meet, is investigated. In the war event, the smaller domain is annihilated, while

  11. TERRORISM AND WAR (SAS 7) UC Davis; Spring, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seybold, Steven J.

    1 TERRORISM AND WAR (SAS 7) UC Davis; Spring, 2013 INSTRUCTORS OFFICE HOUR (VIRTUAL) Prof. James R to varying degrees in major conflicts around the world, issues of terrorism and war are heavily debated deeply about terrorism and war and question your assumptions. You will be asked to understand

  12. The Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    The Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War Michaelmas Term 2014 Lunchtime Discussions with Changing Character of War Seminars are at 1.00pm, Seminar Room G, Manor Road Building, Oxford A light Slekys, University of Vilnius The Russian-Ukrainian War: Challenges for Military Policy in the Baltic

  13. The Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    The Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War Trinity Term 2013 Lunchtime Discussions with Changing Character of War Seminars are at 1.00pm, Seminar Room G, Manor Road Building, Oxford A light and Political Will Tuesday 21st May Dr Jessica Wolfendale (West Virginia) War Crimes, Character

  14. Creating an intelligent agent for StarCraft: Brood War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    Creating an intelligent agent for StarCraft: Brood War University of Liège Faculty of Applied artificialintelligence (AI)? Video games Why real-time strategy (RTS) games? Introduction #12;StarCraft: Brood War a patrol unit #12;Implementation Chapter III #12;StarCraft is not open source! The Brood War Application

  15. The Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    The Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War Michaelmas Term 2014 Lunchtime Discussions with Changing Character of War Seminars are at 1.00pm, Seminar Room G, Manor Road Building, Oxford A light, University of Vilnius The Russian-Ukrainian War: Challenges for Military Policy in the Baltic States Tuesday

  16. The AEF way of war: the American army and combat in the First World War 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grotelueschen, Mark Ethan

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Many scholars of the First World War have examined the European armies in new ways that have shown not only how those armies actually fought along the Western Front, but how they changed their ideas and methods over time, ...

  17. Albert Einstein: Relativity, War, Daniel J. Kevles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    Albert Einstein: Relativity, War, and Fame Daniel J. Kevles In 1922, Princeton University Press published Albert Einstein's The Meaning of Relativity, a popularization of his theory that has remained number of volumes by and about Einstein that the Press has published, a number that continues to grow

  18. Nuclear weapons, nuclear effects, nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bing, G.F.

    1991-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a brief and mostly non-technical description of the militarily important features of nuclear weapons, of the physical phenomena associated with individual explosions, and of the expected or possible results of the use of many weapons in a nuclear war. Most emphasis is on the effects of so-called ``strategic exchanges.``

  19. ASSESSING THE BARGAINING MODEL OF WAR TERMINATION: AN EXAMINATION OF THE PHILIPPINE-AMERICAN WAR, 1899-1902

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Adam David

    2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Through a detailed case study of the Philippine-American War (1899-1902), this thesis presents a test of the bargaining model of war termination. The study begins with a review of the war termination theory literature, tracing the currently dominant...

  20. Cold spray nozzle design

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haynes, Jeffrey D. (Stuart, FL); Sanders, Stuart A. (Palm Beach Gardens, FL)

    2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A nozzle for use in a cold spray technique is described. The nozzle has a passageway for spraying a powder material, the passageway having a converging section and a diverging section, and at least the diverging section being formed from polybenzimidazole. In one embodiment of the nozzle, the converging section is also formed from polybenzimidazole.

  1. StarWars technology may revolutionize natural gas drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 2-year basic research project will examine the feasibility, costs, benefits and environmental impact of applying laser technologies to drill and complete wells. An improved understanding of laser applications could lead to the development of several products, including a downhole laser drilling machine, laser-assisted drill bits for both conventional and coiled tubing applications, a laser perforating tool and sidetrack and directional laser drilling devices. The laser drilling consortium has five primary objectives: determine the amount of data available on StarWars laser technologies; evaluate the capabilities and limitations of applying lasers to drill and complete gas wells; decide what areas of laser drilling research need to be addressed; quantify benefits that can be obtained from laser drilling, such as higher penetration rates, reduced rig day rates and casing requirements, and improved safety and economics; and undertake laboratory research to understand laser, rock and fluid interactions.

  2. To return home or "Return to Taiwan" : conflicts and survival in the "Voluntary Repatriation" of Chinese POWs in the Korean War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Cheng David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Anniversary of the Korean War,” Journal of Strategic StudiesWar..………..the Communists: Divergent Civil War Experiences of Chinese

  3. Nuclear war, nuclear proliferation, and their consequences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aga Khan, S.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book presents papers on nuclear weapons proliferation. Topics considered include the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and its future, the spread of nuclear weapons among nations, the link between horizontal and vertical proliferation, national security, nuclear disarmament, the impact of nuclear weapons on Third World regional conflicts, the global effects of a nuclear war, medical effects on human populations, the nuclear winter, the nuclear arms race, and arms control.

  4. Cold nuclear fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsyganov, E. N., E-mail: edward.tsyganov@utsouthwestern.edu [University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas (United States)

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent accelerator experiments on fusion of various elements have clearly demonstrated that the effective cross-sections of these reactions depend on what material the target particle is placed in. In these experiments, there was a significant increase in the probability of interaction when target nuclei are imbedded in a conducting crystal or are a part of it. These experiments open a new perspective on the problem of so-called cold nuclear fusion.

  5. Creating the political spectacle during the Cold War: Guatemala and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Michael Cassidy

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Arbenz and Maj. Francisco Arana, sponsored popular democratic elections in which Juan Jose Arevalo, a "professor from the University of Tucuman*', was elected to the presidency. Arevalo's regime 8 ' This brief summary of Guatemala's history leading up... formed and smaller political parties came into being. Arana was presumed to bc the next president elect and in a prideful move demanded Arevalo relinquish power before his term was up. Arevalo requested some time to consider Arana's proposal, and while...

  6. Worlds on view : visual art exhibitions and state identity in the late Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Nicole Murphy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    practices. His Rembrandt-inflected canvasses, or thepainters, the Dutch artist Rembrandt, and above all the

  7. Curriculum Evolution at Air Command and Staff College in the Post-Cold War Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donovan, William Robert

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    remain exactly the same as the previous academic year. The curriculum was responsive to external and internal influences. External influences were the Skelton Report, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Department of Defense, the Air University...

  8. Architectural Framework for Addressing Legacy Waste from the Cold War - 13611

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Love, Gregory A.; Glazner, Christopher G.; Steckley, Sam [The MITRE Corporation, 7515 Colshire Drive, McLean, VA 22102 (United States)] [The MITRE Corporation, 7515 Colshire Drive, McLean, VA 22102 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an architectural framework for the use of a hybrid simulation model of enterprise-wide operations used to develop system-level insight into the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) environmental cleanup of legacy nuclear waste at the Savannah River Site. We use this framework for quickly exploring policy and architectural options, analyzing plans, addressing management challenges and developing mitigation strategies for DOE Office of Environmental Management (EM). The socio-technical complexity of EM's mission compels the use of a qualitative approach to complement a more a quantitative discrete event modeling effort. We use this model-based analysis to pinpoint pressure and leverage points and develop a shared conceptual understanding of the problem space and platform for communication among stakeholders across the enterprise in a timely manner. This approach affords the opportunity to discuss problems using a unified conceptual perspective and is also general enough that it applies to a broad range of capital investment/production operations problems. (authors)

  9. Post-Cold War Effects on the Non-proliferation Regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kessler, Carol E.

    2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This journal article analyzes nuclear and security related events of the past 15 years to illustrate the changes in geopolitics and the shifting balance of power following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Reflection upon these events establishes the context for strengthening the nonproliferation regime. The author concludes that post Soviet communism hastened the movement towards a unipolar system with hegemonic power vested in the United States, and this geopolitical imbalance fostered insecurities and greater threats. Multilateral cooperation and commitment from the US would help this leader achieve its goal of security through increased global confidence in the international system.

  10. Cold War love : producing American liberalism in interracial marriages between American soldiers and Japanese women

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsuchiya, Tomoko

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Graduation Ceremony 270 Before analyzing the Red Cross’s bride school project,School Project…………. …………………. …133 Figure 4.2 Graduation

  11. International Human Rights Activism in the United States during the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez, Zachary Steven

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in poor health: Mykola Rudenko and Vasyl Stus of thewho founded the group, Rudenko was a leader within theWith a serious spinal injury, Rudenko’s appeared unlikely to

  12. International Human Rights Activism in the United States during the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez, Zachary Steven

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CU; Todd C. Jackson to Kevin Wall, June 11, 1986, Box 385,Radio Vision co-owner Kevin Wall said. “On the other hand,

  13. Political Leadership and Foreign Policy in Post-Cold War Israel and Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kesgin, Baris

    Frequent references to "hawkish" and "dovish" leaders in Israel, or Turkey's "secular" and "Islamist" leaders, lack a systematic analysis of the personalities of political leadership in Israel and Turkey. Notwithstanding, ...

  14. Surviving Through The Post-Cold War Era: The Evolution of Foreign Policy In North Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Samuel

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    signing the Nuclear Safeguard Measures Agreement with theagreement to a verification plan that would allow inspectors access to the Yongbyon nuclear

  15. Project Apollo, Cold War diplomacy and the American framing of global interdependence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muir-Harmony, Teasel

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the distinctive and critical role that space exploration played in American foreign relations and national image making in the 1960s. Proposed by President John F. Kennedy in 1961, Project Apollo ...

  16. A Cold War Battlefield: Frenchman Flat Historic District, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, William Gray [DRI; Holz, Barbara A [DRI; Jones, Robert [DRI

    2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office with the documentation necessary to establish the Frenchman Flat Historic District on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). It includes a list of historic properties that contribute to the eligibility of the district for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and provides contextual information establishing its significance. The list focuses on buildings, structures and features associated with the period of atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons on the NTS between 1951 and 1962. A total of 157 locations of buildings and structures were recorded of which 115 are considered to be eligible for the NRHP. Of these, 28 have one or more associated features which include instrumentation supports, foundations, etc. The large majority of contributing structures are buildings built to study the blast effects of nuclear weaponry. This has resulted in a peculiar accumulation of deteriorated structures that, unlike most historic districts, is best represented by those that are the most damaged. Limitations by radiological control areas, surface exposure and a focus on the concentration of accessible properties on the dry lake bed indicate additional properties exist which could be added to the district on a case-by-case basis.

  17. International Human Rights Activism in the United States during the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez, Zachary Steven

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chile, Argentina, and Uruguay fled to major cities in theaid to dictatorships in Chile, Uruguay, Argentina, and thecut off military aid to Uruguay showed just how frought its

  18. Worlds on view : visual art exhibitions and state identity in the late Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Nicole Murphy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    6. Jacques-Louis David, Napoleon Crossing the Alps, 1800.2005. Wesling, Molly W. “Napoleon in Russian Culturalart mandated by Emperor Napoleon III at the site of the 1855

  19. American racism and African diplomats: race and American Cold War policy in West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oriabure, Stephannie Ebhota

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    West Africa. . . 32 4 United Nations Voting on Selected East-West Issues. . . 33 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION The biggest single burden that we carry on our backs in our foreign relations in the 1960s is the problem of racial discrimination here at home... of neocolonialism. ' Andrew J. Potter, Comrades at Odds: The United States and India, 1947-1964 (Ithaca, 2000L 154. ' Paul Gordon Lauren, Power and Prejudice: The Pohtics and Diplomacy of Racial Discrimination (Boulder, 1988) . Calvin B. Holder was one...

  20. Los Angeles and the 1984 Olympic Games: Cultural Commodification, Corporate Sponsorship, and the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieser, Joshua Ryan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1, no. 2 (1972): 10. Bixler, Jacqueline E. "Re-Membering theIOC), lowered Jacqueline E. Bixler, “Re-Membering the Past:

  1. Burden of the Cold War: The George H.W. Bush Administration and El Salvador 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arandia, Sebastian Rene

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    ), 104. 9 The 1959 Cuban Revolution fundamentally changed US policy toward Latin America. Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro?s commitment to spreading communist revolution throughout the Western Hemisphere transformed Latin America into a... Carlos Humberto Romero in the 1977 presidential election. Romero escalated state violence against members of the Catholic Church and the guerrilla organizations. The guerrillas responded with kidnappings of Salvadoran and foreign businessmen...

  2. International Human Rights Activism in the United States during the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez, Zachary Steven

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by remarks re [sic] ‘dirty money’ picked up by the pressin our work. ” 44 “All Money Is Dirty” In October 1975, theisn’t whether the money is dirty or clean,” Ennals said. “

  3. Out of the Closed World: how the Computer Revolution helped to End the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skinner, Rebecca Elizabeth

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Irene Ridge. Nuclear Winter: The Evidence and the Risks.speak of constantly. The Nuclear Winter Meanwhile, the tinyand Irene Ridge. Nuclear Winter: The Evidence and the Risks.

  4. Another Cold War-era building at the Department of Energys...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as the Metals Plant. It operated from 1953 to 1962, and from 1968 to 1973, to convert depleted uranium hexafluoride, or UF 6 , into uranium metal. Two of the five structures...

  5. Cold War love : producing American liberalism in interracial marriages between American soldiers and Japanese women

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsuchiya, Tomoko

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    they gave him the American name, Jimmy and took him to hisThe attached picture of Jimmy, held between Mr. and Mrs.giving their foster son, Jimmy, 3, his first Thanksgiving in

  6. DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy, OAPM | DepartmentI Office of ENERGY ScienceDNSComments by

  7. Idaho Cold War Waste Removal Advancing as Work on Eighth Area Begins

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGasReleaseSpeechesHallNotSeventyTechnologies |Informationnif

  8. Idaho site completes demolition of Cold War-era nuclear fuel reprocessing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGasReleaseSpeechesHallNotSeventyTechnologiesfacility doe logo

  9. The Cold War and US-Guatemalan Relations During the 1960's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomlins, David Brennan

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    throughout Latin America. The specter of Cuba prompted a renewed focus on the region by John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.25 *** The literature on the Alliance for Progress and the Presidents involved in its implementation deserves particular... develop. From 1960 to 1996, 200,000 Guatemalan citizens died. While there was state-sponsored violence and upheaval in many parts of Latin America during the 20th century, the Guatemalan “Violencia” was the worst.1 This period of violence...

  10. Idaho Site Completes Demolition of Cold War-era Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732on Armed ServicesDepartment of link

  11. LANL Reaches Waste Shipment Milestone: Waste from Cold War-era weapons

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732on ArmedManufacturingJune 17, 2015 -Energy Kicking

  12. The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergy Solar Decathlon2001 Power PlantAPRILThe ChiefU. S.(DOE)

  13. Laboratory's role in Cold War nuclear weapons testing program focus of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is Your Home asLCLSLaboratoryRowland to receive DOEnear DPnear

  14. The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems Analysis Success StoriesInvestigations andThe American Jobs

  15. Major Cold War Cleanup Milestone Reached at the Savannah River Site |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & Gas »ofMarketing |PrepareMOJAVEDeveloping andDepartment of

  16. The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch >Internship Program The NIF andPoints of

  17. U. S. Department of Energy Savannah River Operations Office - SRS Cold War

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch >Internship Program The NIFDocumentationReleasesLeadershipHistoric

  18. Major Cold War Cleanup Milestone Reached at the Savannah River Site |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked Questions forCheney suggesting a billVehiclesJune59Products

  19. Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergy Small TeamNOTDelivery and Energy Reliability2,

  20. The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGESafetyTed5, 2015ComputingTotal Wind89Milestone

  1. Former Laboratory scientist discusses his perspective on the Cold War in

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget(DANCE) Target 1AnnualLaboratory

  2. Reducing Building Energy Costs Using Optimized Operation Strategies for Constant Volume Air Handling Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, M.; Athar, A.; Reddy, A.; Claridge, D. E.; Haberl, J. S.; White, E.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , building energy consumption can be further reduced even after these traditional O&M measures are applied. This involves optimal adjusting of cold deck and hot deck settings according to the ambient temperature and organizing cold deck settings properly... where more than one cold deck is present (Extended O&M Measures). The cold deck and hot deck settings can be adjusted continuously by the Energy Management and Control Systems without additional investment. The optimized cold deck settings can...

  3. Review: The Secret War Between Downloading and Uploading: Tales of the Computer as a Culture Machine by Peter Lunenfeld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milbourn, Amanda

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Secret War Between Downloading and Uploading: Tales ofISBN 9780262015479. In The Secret War Between Downloadingproduced cultural goods. The Secret War Between Downloading

  4. REACTIONS TO AND COPING WITHREACTIONS TO AND COPING WITH THE EFFECTS OF WARTHE EFFECTS OF WAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    1 REACTIONS TO AND COPING WITHREACTIONS TO AND COPING WITH THE EFFECTS OF WARTHE EFFECTS OF WAR AA AND EVOLUTION TO DATE Civilians in WarCivilians in War bb A majority of studies of the effects of warA majority of studies of the effects of war have been on combatants althoughhave been on combatants although civilians

  5. Secrecy and War: The Origins of Private Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meirowitz, Adam

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    create private information that leads to war. Slantchev, onactions do not lead to private information? We use the termsonly what leads states to keep existing information private,

  6. Extinction cascade: Biological consequence of nuclear war/winter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vaughan, G.L.; Pimm, S.; Fields, D.E.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In very general terms, this report describes the effects on biological organisms of a nuclear war and the projected nuclear winter that would follow. (TEM)

  7. Power Builds Ships Northwest Hydropower Helps Win World War II

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Power-Builds-Ships-Northwest-Hydropower-Helps-Win-World-War-II Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives...

  8. The Isis cold moderators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, G. M.; Broome, T. A.; Burridge, R. A.; Cragg, D.; Hall, R.; Haynes, D.; Hirst, J.; Hogston, J. R.; Jones, H. H.; Sexton, J.; Wright, P.

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ISIS is a pulsed spallation neutron source where neutrons are produced by the interaction of a 160 kW proton beam of energy 800 MeV in a water-cooled Tantalum Target. The fast neutrons produced are thermalized in four moderators: two ambient water, one liquid methane operating at 100K and a liquid hydrogen moderator at 20 K. This paper gives a description of the construction of both cold moderator systems, details of the operating experience and a description of the current development program.

  9. Cold Weather Hazards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t zManufacturing:DOECoachIndustrial Technologies0 Cold

  10. Carbon War Room | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpen EnergyCallawayCapara Energia S ACarbonWar Room Jump to:

  11. Blood and Ink: Russian and Soviet Jewish Chroniclers of Catastrophe from World War I to World War II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zavadivker, Polly

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that that bastard [Hitler] especially hates Berdichev forBloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin. New York:World War II, Stalin and Hitler's regimes, along with some

  12. Citizens of a Fictional Nation: Ottoman-born Jews in France during the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, SA

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    shel Yerushalayim de-Balkan, ha-‘orekh, 2 vols. (Tel Aviv,on circumstance. During the Balkan Wars and First World War,the backdrop of the First Balkan War (1912–13), as Austria-

  13. Systems in the post-war art school : basic design, Groundcourse and Hornsey 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sloan, Catherine Louise

    2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis makes the first sustained attempt to locate post-war British art school pedagogy in relation to systems-inspired cultural practice after World War II. I explore how in the post-war era in Britain, system, ...

  14. The Trans-Pacific Lesson of Mark Twain's 'War-Prayer'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Hua

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1928. Twain, Mark. The War Prayer. With drawings by JohnBiography as an epigraph to The War-Prayer n.p. ). They mayc Lesson of Mark Twain’s “War-Prayer” Hua HSU Written in

  15. The Vision of the Other in Mark Twain's 'War-Prayer'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zehr, Martin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Little, 1929. Twain, Mark. The War-Prayer. New York: Harper,New Perspectives on “The War-Prayer” Essayson “The War-Prayer” The Vision of the Other in Mark Twain’

  16. The Effect of War and Its Aftermath on Land Use and Land Cover in Jinotega, Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeledon, Esther Beatriz

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bosnia- Herzegovina a Decade Beyond War. Annals of AmericanBrauer, J. The Effect of War on the Natural Environment.of the Persian Gulf War, 1990-1991: Remote Sensing Datasets

  17. Memories of War: Exploring Victim-Victimizer Perspectives in Critical Content-Based Instruction in Japanese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kubota, Ryuko

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4 (2012) Kubota Memories of War Clevedon, UK: Multilingualtaiheiyô sensô [Asia-Pacific War in the 20 th Century] (pp.Nozaki/2063# Nozaki, Y. (2008). War memory, nationalism, and

  18. Recipe for Reform: The Food Economy Movement in Britain During the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckley, Michael Dennis

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inspector of the Board of Education, During the War 1914-18.Women, War, and Society Collection. Fernside, Elizabeth.United Kingdom. National War Savings Committee. F. C. – 4:

  19. The Global War on Terror: Race, Gender, and Empire After 9/11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alimahomed, Sabrina

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Violence, and Feminism in the War on Terror. New York: ZedHow to Reinvigorate the War on Terrorism Here at Home,” New07- 29_how_to_reinvigorate_the_war_on_terrorism_here_at_

  20. Twain on War and William James on Peace: Shoring up the Platform of the Anti-Imperialist League

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dooley, Patrick

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies Vol. 2 Twain on War and William James on Peace:helped organize a mass anti-war meeting in Cambridge, MA; heNew Perspectives on “The War-Prayer” Essays on “The War-

  1. Climatic consequences of nuclear war: Working Group No. 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knox, J.B.

    1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research needs on the climate consequences of nuclear war were discussed. These include: (1) a better definition of the emissions from massive urban fires; (2) the exploration of prescribed forest burns; (3) the dirty cloud problem; (4) microphysical studies of soot; and (5) simulation of the second summer season after nuclear war. (ACR)

  2. Cold isopressing method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Jack C. (Getzville, NY); Stawisuck, Valerie M. (North Tonawanda, NY); Prasad, Ravi (East Amherst, NY)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cold isopressing method in which two or more layers of material are formed within an isopressing mold. One of the layers consists of a tape-cast film. The layers are isopressed within the isopressing mold, thereby to laminate the layers and to compact the tape-cast film. The isopressing mold can be of cylindrical configuration with the layers being coaxial cylindrical layers. The materials used in forming the layers can contain green ceramic materials and the resultant structure can be fired and sintered as necessary and in accordance with known methods to produce a finished composite, ceramic structure. Further, such green ceramic materials can be of the type that are capable of conducting hydrogen or oxygen ions at high temperature with the object of utilizing the finished composite ceramic structure as a ceramic membrane element.

  3. COLD STORAGE DESIGN REFRIGERATION EQUIPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COLD STORAGE DESIGN AND REFRIGERATION EQUIPMENT REFRIGERATION OF FISH - PART 1 \\ "..\\- ,,, T I Fishery Leaflet 427 Washington 25, D. C. June 1956 REFRIGERATION OF FISH - PART em; COlD STORAGE DESIGN AND REFRIGERATION EQUIPMENT By Charles Butler (Section 1), Joseph W. Slavin (Sections 1, 2, and 3), Max Patashnik

  4. Evaluating the effectiveness of wildlife accident mitigation installations with the wildlife accident reporting system (WARS) in British Columbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sielecki, Leonard E.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTIVENESS OF WILDLIFE ACCIDENT MITIGATION INSTALLATIONSWITH THE WILDLIFE ACCIDENT REPORTING SYSTEM (WARS) INadministers the Wildlife Accident Reporting System (WARS), a

  5. War dogs: the U.S. K-9 Corps in World War II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whatley, Donald Alan

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Marine Corps and Coast Guard also operated dog training facilities. Almost 80 percent of the animals served as sentries in the United States and the balance in combat zones. The canines proved most effective as sentries and silent scouts but the Army... as messengers and sentries during the Civil War. Legislation was intro- Documentation follows the of Militar Histor duced in Congress in 1917 to appropriate funds "for the purchase, train- ing, and maintenance of dogs for military purposes. " The bill died...

  6. The post-war Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tempest, P.

    1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

  7. Nuclear war, US agriculture, and biomass energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chester, C.V.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the event of most of the plausible scenarios for nuclear war, most US farms and farm populations are likely to survive. Fallout and ''Nuclear Winter'' are likely to cause loss of at least one year's production, which can be endured if surviving grain stocks can be distributed to the surviving population. A year after the attack when fallout radiation has decayed by a factor of 10/sup 5/, in most areas the major threat to resumed farm production is damage to oil refining capability. Biomass could be an invulnerable alternative to petroleum fuels on the farm if in peacetime the costs can be made competitive and ease and convenience of use made acceptable. The long-term prospect of increasing oil prices and decreasing food prices may eventually make some source of biomass energy (gasification, vegetable oils) economically competitive. Development of on-farm biomass energy would enhance US security.

  8. Cold Fronts in CDM clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daisuke Nagai; Andrey V. Kravtsov

    2003-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, high-resolution Chandra observations revealed the existence of very sharp features in the X-ray surface brightness and temperature maps of several clusters (Vikhlinin et. al., 2001). These features, called ``cold fronts'', are characterized by an increase in surface brightness by a factor >2 over 10-50 kpc, accompanied by a drop in temperature of a similar magnitude. The existence of such sharp gradients can be used to put interesting constraints on the physics of the intracluster medium (ICM), if their mechanism and longevity are well understood. Here, we present results of a search for cold fronts in high-resolution simulations of galaxy clusters in cold dark matter (CDM) models. We show that sharp gradients with properties similar to those of observed cold fronts naturally arise in cluster mergers when the shocks heat gas surrounding the merging sub-cluster, while its dense core remains relatively cold. The compression induced by supersonic motions and shock heating during the merger enhance the amplitude of gas density and temperature gradients across the front. Our results indicate that cold fronts are non-equilibrium transient phenomena and can be observed for a period of less than a billion years. We show that the velocity and density fields of gas surrounding the cold front can be very irregular which would complicate analyses aiming to put constraints on the physical conditions of the intracluster medium in the vicinity of the front.

  9. The Chemistry and Physics of Melter Cold Cap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrma, Pavel R.; Matyas, Josef; Kim, Dong-Sang

    2002-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Vitrification converts high-level waste and Hanford low-activity waste to glass. In electric melters, electric power is dissipated within a pool of molten glass, from which the heat is transferred, mostly by natural convection, to the cold cap, a floating layer or pile of unmelted and partially melted feed. The cold cap reduces volatilization, melt-line corrosion, and foaming, but also may result in a slow and unsteady melting as well as sulfate segregation. These problems, which are not necessarily rooted in fundamental material issues, (and thus can be mitigated or avoided), cause decreased melting efficiency and increased operational costs. Slow melting can be caused by bubbles that ascend through the melt and accumulate under the cold cap, creating there a low-density and low-conductivity layer of cold foam that is virtually motionless and effectively hinders heat transfer. The analysis and modeling of cold-cap reactions and the associated reactions in the melt underneath the cold cap, when approached in their full complexity, can be accomplished by expanding the basic field equations to incorporate the cold cap to existing melter models and by applying the recent development experience in numerical methods to solve complex equations. For such an analysis to be successful, cold-cap behavior must be characterized by accurate data. Evolved-gas-analysis data and quantitative x-ray diffraction data of Savannah River Macrobatch 3 with Frit 200 are shown as an example of such a database. In field equations, measured data are represented by rate equations and other response functions.

  10. The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gosling, F.G.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War'' is a short history of the origins and development of the American atomic bomb program during World War II. Beginning with the scientific developments of the pre-war years, the monograph details of the role of the United States government in conducting a secret, nationwide enterprise that took science from the laboratory and into combat with an entirely new type of weapon. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the immediate postwar period, the debate over the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, and the founding of the Atomic Energy Commission.

  11. Cold Gas at High Redshift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colin A. Norman; Robert Braun

    1995-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the current observational and theoretical issues concerning cold gas at high redshift and present simulations showing how a number of observational issues can be resolved with planned future instrumentation.

  12. Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on rice production in Mainland China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    agricultural simulation model to simulate regional nuclear war impacts on rice yield in 24 provinces in China to avoid nuclear war impacts on agriculture is to avoid nuclear war, and this can only be guaranteed regional nuclear war could significantly influence agricultural productivity in regions far from

  13. Impacts of a Nuclear War in South Asia on Rice Production in Mainland China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    for Agrotechnology Transfer agricultural simulation model to simulate regional nuclear war impacts on rice yield limitations. The best solution to avoid nuclear war impacts on agriculture is to avoid nuclear war, those climate changes due a small regional nuclear war could significantly influence agricultural

  14. c h a p t e r t e n Love in a Time of War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Robert J.

    391 G c h a p t e r t e n Love in a Time of War In 1896 Haeckel completed the last major scientific in frustrating intensity; his book Die Welträthsel (The world puzzles, 1899), which ignited intellectual war on all fronts; and the Great War, a real war, which produced catastrophic cultural chaos and untold death

  15. Bosnia: War, History, and Nationality A curriculum unit developed by Steven Boyce for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Bosnia: War, History, and Nationality A curriculum unit developed by Steven Boyce of the War in Bosnia 18-23 Day 4: War and Politics 24 Map 4: 1991 Ethnic Composition 25 Handout 3: Key Dates in Yugoslavia's War 26 Day 5: Begin Independent Research Projects 27 Annotated Resource List 28-33 #12

  16. Determined to Save Succeeding Generations from the Scourge of War By Larentia Soerianto

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Determined to Save Succeeding Generations from the Scourge of War By Larentia Soerianto Being for Nongovernmental Organizations, titled "Determined to Save Succeeding Generations from the Scourge of War to Save Succeeding Generations from the Scourge of War. It showed many of the devastating aspects of war

  17. World War II role of Oak Ridge National

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    War II role of Oak Ridge National Lab featured in second 70th anniversary lecture February 4, 2013 Shared national security mission with Los Alamos highlighted LOS ALAMOS, NEW...

  18. Rebels and slaves: reinterpreting the first Sicilian slave war 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morton, Peter Charles Francis

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis seeks to rethink the history of the First Sicilian Slave War in the second century B.C. by reassessing the main literary source for the conflict, Diodorus Siculus, and introducing numismatic evidence for the ...

  19. Music after War: Therapeutic Music Programmes in Bosnia and Herzegovina 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kochenderfer, Mary Anne

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a study of therapeutic music programmes in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina. This study focuses on how different participant groups perceive programme aims and benefits and what these different perceptions ...

  20. Sandia National Laboratories: Carderock Naval Surface War-fare...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Carderock Naval Surface War-fare Center Inter-Agency Agreement Signed between DOE's Wind and Water Power Program and Carderock On December 3, 2014, in Energy, News, News & Events,...

  1. Global interdependence and eliminating war in the twenty first century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durham, Monica

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    the sources of conflict and of interstate power, warfare should be limited as well. Indeed, the increasing interdependence of nation-states has been discussed by scholars and observers as a potential limiting factor on interstate war. However compelling...

  2. alleged world war: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    entries written after the events took place can be misleading because the authors... Biggs, Jenny Catherine 2008-10-10 39 World War II CiteSeer Summary: And when Elisha was come...

  3. Strongly Coupled Plasmas via Rydberg-Blockade of Cold Atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bannasch, G; Pohl, T

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose and analyze a new scheme to produce ultracold neutral plasmas deep in the strongly coupled regime. The method exploits the interaction blockade between cold atoms excited to high-lying Rydberg states and therefore does not require substantial extensions of current ultracold plasma experiments. Extensive simulations reveal a universal behavior of the resulting Coulomb coupling parameter, providing a direct connection between the physics of strongly correlated Rydberg gases and ultracold plasmas. The approach is shown to reduce currently accessible temperatures by more than an order of magnitude, which opens up a new regime for ultracold plasma research and cold ion-beam applications with readily available experimental techniques.

  4. PROGRESS IN REDUCING THE NUCLEAR THREAT: UNITED STATES PLUTONIUM CONSOLIDATION AND DISPOSITION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allender, J.; Koenig, R.; Davies, S.

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following the end of the Cold War, the United States identified 61.5 metric tons (MT) of plutonium and larger quantities of enriched uranium that are permanently excess to use in nuclear weapons programs. The Department of Energy (DOE) also began shutting down, stabilizing, and removing inventories from production facilities that were no longer needed to support weapons programs and non-weapons activities. The storage of 'Category I' nuclear materials at Rocky Flats, Sandia National Laboratories, and several smaller sites has been terminated to reduce costs and safeguards risks. De-inventory continues at the Hanford site and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Consolidation of inventories works in concert with the permanent disposition of excess inventories, including several tonnes of plutonium that have already been disposed to waste repositories and the preparation for transfers to the planned Mixed Oxide (MOX) Fuel Fabrication Facility (for the bulk of the excess plutonium) and alternative disposition methods for material that cannot be used readily in the MOX fuel cycle. This report describes status of plutonium consolidation and disposition activities and their impacts on continuing operations, particularly at the Savannah River Site.

  5. Chirac Said “Non” – Or Did He? Revisiting U.S. - UN Diplomacy on the 2003 Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rrecchia, Stefano

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    could for the most part be financed through sales of Iraqi oil.29 The belief that a protracted stabilization mission would be unnecessary in Iraq further reduced any incentive to secure UN approval as a means of legitimating the war and facilitating... Washington significant leverage over its foreign policy. Germany and Syria, by contrast, were firmly opposed. That put all the weight on the other six nonpermanent members, who remained uncommitted: Mexico, Chile, Pakistan, Angola, Cameroon, and Guinea...

  6. Mathematical modeling of cold cap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pokorny, Richard; Hrma, Pavel R.

    2012-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The ultimate goal of studies of cold cap behavior in glass melters is to increase the rate of glass processing in an energy-efficient manner. Regrettably, mathematical models, which are ideal tools for assessing the responses of melters to process parameters, have not paid adequate attention to the cold cap. In this study, we consider a cold cap resting on a pool of molten glass from which it receives a steady heat flux while temperature, velocity, and extent of conversion are functions of the position along the vertical coordinate. A one-dimensional (1D) mathematical model simulates this process by solving the differential equations for mass and energy balances with appropriate boundary conditions and constitutive relationships for material properties. The sensitivity analyses on the effects of incoming heat fluxes to the cold cap through its lower and upper boundaries show that the cold cap thickness increases as the heat flux from above increases, and decreases as the total heat flux increases. We also discuss the effects of foam, originating from batch reactions and from redox reactions in molten glass and argue that models must represent the foam layer to achieve a reliable prediction of the melting rate as a function of feed properties and melter conditions.

  7. Cold Temperatures Increase Cold Hardiness in the Next Generation Ophraella communa Beetles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A (2001) The effects of cold storage on the adult longevity,RA, Harris MO (2008) Cold storage effects on maternal andto 70.4% after pupal cold- storage at 4–12uC for 20 days [

  8. Cold Gas in Cluster Cores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Megan Donahue

    2006-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    I review the literature's census of the cold gas in clusters of galaxies. Cold gas here is defined as the gas that is cooler than X-ray emitting temperatures (~10^7 K) and is not in stars. I present new Spitzer IRAC and MIPS observations of Abell 2597 (PI: Sparks) that reveal significant amounts of warm dust and star formation at the level of 5 solar masses per year. This rate is inconsistent with the mass cooling rate of 20 +/- 5 solar masses per year inferred from a FUSE [OVI] detection.

  9. Cold Air Distribution in Office Buildings: Technology Assessment for California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauman, F.S.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field Evaluation of Cold Air Distribution Systems. EPRIand J.S. Elleson. 1988. Cold Air Distribution Design Guide.Field Evaluation of a Cold Air Distribution System. EPRI

  10. Vibrational Cooling in A Cold Ion Trap: Vibrationally Resolved...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Vibrational Cooling in A Cold Ion Trap: Vibrationally Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Cold C60- Anions. Vibrational Cooling in A Cold Ion Trap: Vibrationally Resolved...

  11. Review: War & the Politics of Identity in Ethiopia: the making of enemies & allies in the Horn of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidane, Saba T

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    War and the Politics of Identity in Ethiopia: the Making ofISBN 978 1 84701 612 6. In War and the Politics of Identityin explaining the latest war with their friendly-neighbor-

  12. Ice Heating Up Cold Clouds | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ice Heating Up Cold Clouds Ice Heating Up Cold Clouds Released: October 04, 2011 In a heated battle, ice crystals win the competition for cloud water vapor The mighty cloud ice...

  13. Shocks and cold fronts in galaxy clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxim Markevitch; Alexey Vikhlinin

    2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Table of contents (abridged): COLD FRONTS Origin and evolution of merger cold fronts Cold fronts in cluster cool cores . . . Simulations of gas sloshing. Origin of density discontinuity. . . . Effect of sloshing on cluster mass estimates and cooling flows. Zoology of cold fronts COLD FRONTS AS EXPERIMENTAL TOOL Velocities of gas flows Thermal conduction and diffusion across cold fronts Stability of cold fronts . . . Rayleigh-Taylor instability. Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. Possible future measurements using cold fronts . . . Plasma depletion layer and magnetic field. Effective viscosity of ICM. SHOCK FRONTS AS EXPERIMENTAL TOOL Cluster merger shocks Mach number determination Front width Mach cone and reverse shock? Test of electron-ion equilibrium . . . Comparison with other astrophysical plasmas Shocks and cluster cosmic ray population . . . Shock acceleration. Compression of fossil electrons. . . . Yet another method to measure intracluster magnetic field.

  14. Planet earth in jeopardy: environmental consequences of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dotto, L.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An attempt is made to describe the details of what nuclear war could actually mean for the world. The events during and following a possible large-scale exchange of nuclear weapons and all the associated uncertainties are presented. The first major uncertainty involves how many nuclear weapons could be used in the event of war. The discussion chooses half the world's stockpile, or 6000 megatons, as a basis for judging nuclear war's effects. Shock waves, an electromagnetic pulse, searing heat, and ionizing radiation account for the initial deaths and destruction. Petroleum and other organic materials combust to set up a nuclear winter and all the disturbances to agriculture, forests, waters, etc. This is where the book's greatest message comes through: the seriousness of the aftereffects, especially on agriculture, could far exceed the immediate effects.

  15. Why do they fight? Explaining participation in the War in Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Cody McClain

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This project explains voluntary participation in the War in Croatia, using a data set of daily interval event data and interviews with Croatian war veterans. It challenges the previous findings of macro level based research on conflict...

  16. Computer Sims: In Climatic Tug of War, Carbon Released From Thawing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In Climatic Tug of War, Carbon From Thawing Permafrost Wins In Climatic Tug of War, Carbon From Thawing Permafrost Wins Earth System Model Simulations Run at NERSC Show Lopsided...

  17. BOARD OF ADVISORS TO THE PRESIDENTS OF THE NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL & NAVAL WAR COLLEGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BOARD OF ADVISORS TO THE PRESIDENTS OF THE NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL & NAVAL WAR COLLEGE October 17 attendance (choose all that apply): Naval Postgraduate School Subcommittee, 17 October 2012 Naval War College

  18. Review of War at a Distance: Romanticism and the Making of Modern Wartime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Noel B.

    Mary Favret’s War at a Distance: Romanticism and the Making of Modern Wartime is a brilliant, beautifully written book on the experience of war in British Romantic writing. Offering intricate close readings of Cowper, ...

  19. The Myth of the Woman Warrior and World War II in Soviet Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Adrienne

    2008-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    "The Myth of the Woman Warrior and World War II in Soviet Culture" defines, analyzes, and explains the figure of the Soviet "woman warrior" who participated in World War II, asking the questions: what is the nature of the ...

  20. Proceedings of a conference on nuclear war: The search for solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perry, T.L.; DeMille, D.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book presents the proceedings of a conference on the problem of nuclear war. Topics include civil defense; nuclear winter; the psychological consequences of nuclear war, arms control and verification.

  1. The History and Application of Christian Just War Theory as Related to Preemptive Attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Galen Michener

    2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Galen Michener Turner, B.A. Department of Religious Studies, April 2010 University of Kansas The Christian Just War tradition was created around the central principle that war was part of human existence, but that ...

  2. "Angola Is Not Just about Oil, War and Poverty": Reflections on Angolan Soccer, Nationalism and the Run to the 2006 World Cup Finals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cleveland, Todd

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    only for its prodigious oil reserves, protracted civil war (for its prodigious oil reserves, protracted civil war (1975-

  3. How Just War Theory May Survive Without the Supreme Emergency Exemption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colaner, Nathan

    How Just War Theory May Survive Without the Supreme Emergency Exemption Nathan Colaner University of North Carolina § 1 . Introduction Since the human cost of war is inevitably great, the West has traditionally articulated, defended..., and at least nominally practiced a theory of fighting just wars. Unfortunately, this laudable theory is liable to attack because of the widely recognized doctrine of the 'supreme emergency exemption' (SEE). This doctrine states that a nation at war may...

  4. Cold Air Distribution in Office Buildings: Technology Assessment for California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauman, F.S.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    warmer room air with the cold supply air whenever the supplyroom air diffusion with cold supply air temperatures under

  5. Cold air distribution in office buildings: technology assessment for califonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauman, Fred; Borgers, T.; LaBerge, P.; Gadgil, A.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    room air with the cold supply air whenever the supplyroomair diffusion with cold supply air temperatures space

  6. Method of manufacturing metallic products such as sheet by cold working and flash anealing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hajaligol, Mohammad R. (Midlothian, VA); Sikka, Vinod K. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A metallic alloy composition is manufactured into products such as press formed or stamped products or rolled products such as sheet, strip, rod, wire or band by one or more cold working steps with intermediate or final flash annealing. The method can include cold rolling an iron, nickel or titanium aluminide alloy and annealing the cold worked product in a furnace by infrared heating. The flash annealing is preferably carried out by rapidly heating the cold worked product to an elevated temperature for less than one minute. The flash annealing is effective to reduce surface hardness of the cold worked product sufficiently to allow further cold working. The product to be cold worked can be prepared by casting the alloy or by a powder metallurgical technique such as tape casting a mixture of metal powder and a binder, roll compacting a mixture of the powder and a binder or plasma spraying the powder onto a substrate. In the case of tape casting or roll compaction, the initial powder product can be heated to a temperature sufficient to remove volatile components. The method can be used to form a cold rolled sheet which is formed into an electrical resistance heating element capable of heating to 900.degree. C. in less than 1 second when a voltage up to 10 volts and up to 6 amps is passed through the heating element.

  7. Method of manufacturing metallic products such as sheet by cold working and flash annealing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hajaligol, Mohammad R. (Midlothian, VA); Sikka, Vinod K. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A metallic alloy composition is manufactured into products such as press formed or stamped products or rolled products such as sheet, strip, rod, wire or band by one or more cold working steps with intermediate or final flash annealing. The method can include cold rolling an iron, nickel or titanium aluminide alloy and annealing the cold worked product in a furnace by infrared heating. The flash annealing is preferably carried out by rapidly heating the cold worked product to an elevated temperature for less than one minute. The flash annealing is effective to reduce surface hardness of the cold worked product sufficiently to allow further cold working. The product to be cold worked can be prepared by casting the alloy or by a powder metallurgical technique such as tape casting a mixture of metal powder and a binder, roll compacting a mixture of the powder and a binder or plasma spraying the powder onto a substrate. In the case of tape casting or roll compaction, the initial powder product can be heated to a temperature sufficient to remove volatile components. The method can be used to form a cold rolled sheet which is formed into an electrical resistance heating element capable of heating to 900.degree. C. in less than 1 second when a voltage up to 10 volts and up to 6 amps is passed through the heating element.

  8. The reality of cold fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Case, L.C. (Eltron, Inc., Winchester, MA (US))

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the unreproducibility, doubt, and controversy involved in the question of the cold fusion of deuterium, enough good data have been published to clearly indicate the reality of some sort of nuclear fusion. Yamaguchi and Niushioka reported a thrice-repeated event in which large amounts of heat and definite bursts of neutrons evolved simultaneously with considerable out-gassing of absorbed deuterium. These results are consistent with nuclear fusion and not with a chemical reaction. In this paper a detailed mechanism is proposed that is consistent with these events and that also generally explains many of the scattered indications of cold fusion that have been reported. There must be an adventitiously large enough presence of tritium to initiate the nuclear reaction. The results of previously successful experiments cannot now be reproduced because currently available D{sub 2}O (and D{sub 2}) is so low in adventitious tritium as to preclude initiation of the nuclear reaction.

  9. Global Famine after a Regional Nuclear War1 , Alan Robock1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    as global, food insecurity.34 35 36 Keywords: regional nuclear war, nuclear winter, agriculture impacts, China, DSSAT, agricultural37 modeling, famine38 #12;3 1. Introduction39 The potential for nuclear war1 Global Famine after a Regional Nuclear War1 2 3 Lili Xia1 , Alan Robock1 , Michael Mills2

  10. Global Famine after a Regional Nuclear War1 , Alan Robock1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    Keywords: regional nuclear war, nuclear winter, agriculture impacts, China, DSSAT, agricultural40 modeling1 Global Famine after a Regional Nuclear War1 2 3 Lili Xia1 , Alan Robock1 , Michael Mills2 of Nuclear War, Somerville, Massachusetts, USA10 11 Submitted to Earth's Future12 13 November, 201414 15 16

  11. Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on rice production in Mainland China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    on agriculture is to avoid nuclear war, and this can only be guaranteed with a nuclear-weapon-free world. 1 climate changes due a small regional nuclear war could significantly influence agricultural productivityImpacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on rice production in Mainland China Lili Xia & Alan Robock

  12. The Democratic Surround Multimedia and American Liberalism from World War II to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Democratic Surround Multimedia and American Liberalism from World War II to the Psychedelic and anthropologists set out to create an alternative to fascism during World War II ­ and ended up setting the stage professor of communication at Stanford University. He is the author of Echoes of Combat: The Vietnam War

  13. War and the evolution of belligerence and bravery Laurent Lehmann* and Marcus W. Feldman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Nadir

    War and the evolution of belligerence and bravery Laurent Lehmann* and Marcus W. Feldman Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA Tribal war occurs when a coalition when war occurs between groups of individuals in a spatially subdivided population. Belligerence

  14. The Total War of Paris Mathematicians David Aubin, Hel`ene Gispert, and Catherine Goldstein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    The Total War of Paris Mathematicians David Aubin, HŽel`ene Gispert, and Catherine Goldstein Abstract. From 1914 to 1918, Paris mathematicians were highly mobilized for war. From their standpoint, the war was indeed total, touching most as- pects of their life. In this chapter, we discuss three areas

  15. Preliminary report on: The coastal ecosystems 10 years after the 1991 Gulf War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damm, Bodo

    Preliminary report on: The coastal ecosystems 10 years after the 1991 Gulf War oil spill by Dr-joerg.barth@geographie.uni-regensburg.de Abstract: In 1991 the Gulf War lead to the largest oil spill in human history. Over 700 km of coastline size analysis war carried out at the Jubail Marine Wildlife Sanctuary centre. Carbonate content

  16. The Evolution of War and its Cognitive Foundations John Tooby & Leda Cosmides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cosmides, Leda

    The Evolution of War and its Cognitive Foundations John Tooby & Leda Cosmides Institute and DeVore 1987; Wrangham 1987), have argued that war may have played a significant role in human extended attempts to synthesize modern evolutionary thinking with the phenomenon of war in humans. Both

  17. National Center for Digital Government Reflections on The Fog of (Cyber)War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    National Center for Digital Government Reflections on The Fog of (Cyber)War Diego. These assertions are: (a) Cyberspace is a new operational domain for waging war; (b) Cyber warfare can be as severe, it aims at reconnecting the idea of "fog of war" to its Clausewitzian roots, highlighting the importance

  18. Ira Helfand, MD International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    Ira Helfand, MD International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War Physicians for Social Responsibility NUCLEAR FAMINE: A BILLION PEOPLE AT RISK Global Impacts of Limited Nuclear War on Agriculture of studies have shown that a limited, regional nuclear war between India and Pakistan would cause significant

  19. War and Wages: The Strength of Instrumental Variables and Their Sensitivity to Unobserved Biases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Dylan

    War and Wages: The Strength of Instrumental Variables and Their Sensitivity to Unobserved Biases during World War II on subsequent earnings, in which birth cohorts of very similar but not identical age were differently "encouraged" to serve in the war. A striking feature of this example is that those who

  20. The Total War of Paris Mathematicians David Aubin, Hel`ene Gispert, and Catherine Goldstein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Total War of Paris Mathematicians David Aubin, HŽel`ene Gispert, and Catherine Goldstein Abstract. From 1914 to 1918, Paris mathematicians were highly mobilized for war. In this paper, we argue the effects of war on postwar images of mathematics focusing on three specific aspects: institutional

  1. Tmoins Muets/Mute Witnesses: ethnography and archaeology encounter the objects of the Great War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    59 Témoins Muets/Mute Witnesses: ethnography and archaeology encounter the objects of the Great War MUTE WITNESSES: AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ETHNOLOGICAL APPROACH TO OBJECTS FROM THE GREAT WAR "Mute witnesses" are objects from the Great War according to the brochure of a remarkable collection open

  2. Philadelphia Inquirer, Sun, Sep. 18, 2005 The myth and reality of war

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    Philadelphia Inquirer, Sun, Sep. 18, 2005 The myth and reality of war Chris Hedges,, senior fellow of the Year" last month for his service in Iraq. I do not know whether he was disturbed before he went to war. I do not know whether he went to war because it satisfied a thirst for violence or whether he

  3. Memories of War: Sources of Vietnam Veteran Pro-and Antiwar Political Attitudes1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Memories of War: Sources of Vietnam Veteran Pro- and Antiwar Political Attitudes1 David Flores2 two groups of Vietnam veterans who went to Vietnam in support of the war and political status quo, but who returned with opposing attitudes toward war. How can we understand these contrasting outcomes

  4. Cold cathode vacuum gauging system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Denny, Edward C. (Knoxville, TN)

    2004-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A vacuum gauging system of the cold cathode type is provided for measuring the pressure of a plurality of separate vacuum systems, such as in a gas centrifuge cascade. Each casing is fitted with a gauge tube assembly which communicates with the vacuum system in the centrifuge casing. Each gauge tube contains an anode which may be in the form of a slender rod or wire hoop and a cathode which may be formed by the wall of the gauge tube. The tube is provided with an insulated high voltage connector to the anode which has a terminal for external connection outside the vacuum casing. The tube extends from the casing so that a portable magnet assembly may be inserted about the tube to provide a magnetic field in the area between the anode and cathode necessary for pressure measurements in a cold cathode-type vacuum gauge arrangement. The portable magnetic assembly is provided with a connector which engages the external high voltage terminal for providing power to the anode within in the gauge tube. Measurement is made in the same manner as the prior cold cathode gauges in that the current through the anode to the cathode is measured as an indication of the pressure. By providing the portable magnetic assembly, a considerable savings in cost, installation, and maintenance of vacuum gauges for pressure measurement in a gas centrifuge cascade is realizable.

  5. Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971 By: Alburuj Razzaq Rahman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    of Hindus. Pakistan had two parts, East and West, which were separated by about 1,000 miles. East Pakistan cyclone hit East Pakistan in 1970. It was called the Bhola Cyclone. It killed about 500,000 people wrought by the cyclone. This caused enormous misery in East Pakistan. The War The Awami League, led

  6. Nuclear Proliferation and the Deterrence of Conventional War: Justin Pollard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Nuclear Proliferation and the Deterrence of Conventional War: A Proposal Justin Pollard April 2009) Introduction It seems counterintuitive to think that the spread of nuclear weapons could make the world a safer of ubiquitous nuclear armament is a more dangerous and unstable one. Certainly, a weapon of the nuclear

  7. Intercepting Tokens: The Empire Strikes Back in the Clone Wars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Intercepting Tokens: The Empire Strikes Back in the Clone Wars šOzgšur Dagdelen Marc Fischlin on the weak model of one-time memory tokens. Our protocol only requires four moves, very basic opera- tions-proof hardware devices to relax assumptions dates back to the 80's [62, 50]. Indeed, security tokens

  8. The War on Poverty Needs a New Map

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Lori L.; Dar, Jawad

    Since the start of Lyndon B. Johnson’s War on Poverty, the federal government has spent vast sums of money trying to lower U.S. poverty rates. Yet, despite the repeated allocation of massive financial resources, overall poverty rates have barely...

  9. Atmospheric perturbations of large-scale nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malone, R.C.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computer simulation of the injection into the atmosphere of a large quantity of smoke following a nuclear war are described. The focus is on what might happen to the smoke after it enters the atmosphere and what changes, or perturbations, could be induced in the atmospheric structure and circulation by the pressure of a large quantity of smoke. 4 refs., 7 figs. (ACR)

  10. Nuclear winter: The human and environmental consequences of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harwell, M.A.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A view of the immediate and long-term consequences of a hypothetical nuclear war is presented. Human, physical and biological conditions resulting from an exchange of 5,000 megatons of nuclear warheads on the major industrialized nations are analyzed. Contents: Scenario development. Initial conditions. Intermediate and long-term consequences. Recovery processes. Summary of consequences. Index.

  11. Nuclear proliferation and testing: A tale of two treaties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corden, Pierce S.; Hafemeister, David

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite progress in reducing stockpiles after the end of the Cold War, the disturbing actions of some nations could spread nuclear weapon capabilities and enlarge existing arsenals.

  12. Recovery Act Workers Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Recovery Act Workers Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites, Help Reduce Cold War Footprint RICHLAND, Wash. - The Hanford Site is looking greener these days after American...

  13. Audit of Shutdown and Transition of the Mound Plant, IG-0408

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Number: DOEIG-0408 SUMMARY With the end of the Cold War, the Department of Energy (Department) has greatly reduced the production of nuclear weapons and redirected the...

  14. Just war and nuclear weapons : just war theory and its application to the Korean nuclear weapons issue in Korean Christianity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Son, Changwan

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Just War has developed over the last two thousand years, adapting as first Christianity became the state religion of the Roman Empire, through the break down of any enforceable norms in Europe‘s 'Dark Ages‘, to the emergence of the concept of the modern...

  15. Cold Climate Building Enclosure Solutions

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem Not Found Item Not Found The itemAIR57451 Clean Energy Technologies A! CJ M6.4.Cold

  16. International workshop on cold neutron sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russell, G.J.; West, C.D. (comps.) (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)) [comps.; Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first meeting devoted to cold neutron sources was held at the Los Alamos National Laboratory on March 5--8, 1990. Cosponsored by Los Alamos and Oak Ridge National Laboratories, the meeting was organized as an International Workshop on Cold Neutron Sources and brought together experts in the field of cold-neutron-source design for reactors and spallation sources. Eighty-four people from seven countries attended. Because the meeting was the first of its kind in over forty years, much time was spent acquainting participants with past and planned activities at reactor and spallation facilities worldwide. As a result, the meeting had more of a conference flavor than one of a workshop. The general topics covered at the workshop included: Criteria for cold source design; neutronic predictions and performance; energy deposition and removal; engineering design, fabrication, and operation; material properties; radiation damage; instrumentation; safety; existing cold sources; and future cold sources.

  17. Nuclear winter from gulf war discounted

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, E.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Would a major conflagration in Kuwait's oil fields trigger a climate catastrophe akin to the 'nuclear winter' that got so much attention in the 1980s This question prompted a variety of opinions. The British Meteorological Office and researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory concluded that the effect of smoke from major oil fires in Kuwait on global temperatures is likely to be small; however, the obscuration of sunlight might significantly reduce surface temperatures locally. Michael MacCracken, leader of the researchers at Livermore, predicts that the worst plausible oil fires in the Gulf would produce a cloud of pollution about as severe as that found on a bad day at the Los Angeles airport. The results of some mathematical modeling by the Livermore research group are reported.

  18. A new generation's view on foreign intervention: an experimental approach in the post-cold war era 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyner, Brittani Dawne

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an independent state; Kashmir and India's conflict over Indian occupation in Kashmir; Chechnya and Russia's conflict which resulted from Chechnya's bid for independence; Tibet and China's problems regarding Chinese occupation of Tibet; Japan and Russia (over... with 85% of the respondent's in agreement. The two cases receiving the highest number of votes for the national interest objective were the Israeli/Synan conflict and the conflict between Japan and Russia over the Northern Territories. Percentage...

  19. Confronting the Cold War Legacy: The Forgotten History of the American Colony in St. Petersburg / A Case Study of Reconciliation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzburg, Lyubov Alexandrovna

    2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    my most challenging needs. I would like to especially thank Edward Kasinec, a former chief of the Slavic and Baltic Division of the New York Public Library, and Tanya Chebotarev, curator of the Bakhmeteff Archive of Russian and East European History... and America.” A letter of invitation from the Society to George Kennan, Petrograd, 5 April 1915. George Kennan Papers, 1856-1987. Box 1, series I. Correspondence, 1903-1916, folder 1.5. Manuscripts & Archives Division, hereafter cited as (MAD), New York...

  20. The U.S. Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act -- An environmental legacy of the Cold War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, C.D.; Nelson, R.A. [Jacobs Engineering Group Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Albuquerque Operations Office; Mann, P. [USDOE Albuquerque Operations Office, NM (United States)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has guided the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project through its first 10 years of successful remediation. The Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA), passed in 1978, identified 24 uranium mill tailings sites in need of remediation to protect human health and the environment from the residual contamination resulting from the processing of uranium ore. The UMTRCA was promulgated in two titles: Title 1 and Title 2. This paper describes the regulatory structure, required documentation, and some of the technical approaches used to meet the Act`s requirements for managing and executing the $1.4 billion project under Title 1. Remedial actions undertaken by private industry under Title 2 of the Act are not addressed in this paper. Some of the lessons learned over the course of the project`s history are presented so that other countries conducting similar remedial action activities may benefit.

  1. On the Front Lines of the Cold War Los Alamos 1970-1992 | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilAElectronicCurvesSpeedingScientific and Technical

  2. PHEV Engine Cold Start Emissions Management

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Cold Start Emissions Management Paul Chambon, Dr. David Smith Oak Ridge National Laboratory Dr. David Irick, Dean Deter The University of Tennessee Poster Location P-05 2 Managed...

  3. Evaporative cooling enhanced cold storage system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carr, P.

    1991-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention provides an evaporatively enhanced cold storage system wherein a warm air stream is cooled and the cooled air stream is thereafter passed into contact with a cold storage unit. Moisture is added to the cooled air stream prior to or during contact of the cooled air stream with the cold storage unit to effect enhanced cooling of the cold storage unit due to evaporation of all or a portion of the added moisture. Preferably at least a portion of the added moisture comprises water condensed during the cooling of the warm air stream. 3 figures.

  4. Cold vacuum drying facility design requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    IRWIN, J.J.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides the detailed design requirements for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project Cold Vacuum Drying Facility. Process, safety, and quality assurance requirements and interfaces are specified.

  5. Evaporative cooling enhanced cold storage system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carr, Peter (Cary, NC)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention provides an evaporatively enhanced cold storage system wherein a warm air stream is cooled and the cooled air stream is thereafter passed into contact with a cold storage unit. Moisture is added to the cooled air stream prior to or during contact of the cooled air stream with the cold storage unit to effect enhanced cooling of the cold storage unit due to evaporation of all or a portion of the added moisture. Preferably at least a portion of the added moisture comprises water condensed during the cooling of the warm air stream.

  6. "No Sacrifice is too Great, save that of Honor": Honor, Death, and Psychological Combat Trauma in the American Civil War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheffer, Debra J.

    2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    over his left shoulder when he mentions Gary. That’s where Gary was standing at the time of the shooting. Another officer, Jeff C., a twelve-year homicide veteran, shot and killed a criminal in the line of duty. His reaction was much... for going to war varied, but the bottom line and certainly a major motivator for most or all men was the chance to fight as men. According to Bertram Wyatt- Brown, “for many, the CW was reduced to a simple test of manhood.”9 Men and women rejoiced...

  7. Tools from the French and Indian War sloop Boscawen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, David Mitchell

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1996 Major Subject: Anthropology TOOLS FROM THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR SLOOP 80SCA 8XW A Thesis by DAVID MITCHELL GRANT Submitted to Texas AkM University in partial fulgllment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS Approved.... . . . , Tools and Blacksmithing Equipment Sent to Crown Point . . . . 67 68 69 70 Tools Sent from Fort George to Crown Point. 72 British Axe Suppliers from the Mid-Eighteenth Century . . . . . 125 Tools Recovered &om the Boscawen. 139 CHAPTER I...

  8. The hybrid legal geographies of a war crimes court

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeffrey, Alex; Jakala, Michaelina

    2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    anomaly: legal proceedings emerged in ancient Athens and Western Europe as explicitly public affairs performed in accessible locations such as a town square, a prominent hill or in the shade of a large tree. The sense of public accessibility continues... Muderizovi?, Ramiz Avdovi? and Iliuan-Nikolae Vintila) were indicted in October 2011 for war crimes against civilians committed at the site (see Balkan Insight, 2012). Radovan Stankovi?, a now-convicted mass rapist whose case was one of the first...

  9. Nations At War I: Why do we keep building weapons?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhillon, Vikram

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is the first in series of four papers that present an analytical approach to war using game theory. We try to explore why is it that "true peace" can't be achieved and all or any efforts we make towards that goal will have huge road-blocks. A fairly simplistic and non technical overview of our approach is given in this paper using prisoner's dilemma.

  10. The U. S. Army Topographical Engineers in the Mexican War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traas, Adrian George

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to perform. Colonel Stephen W. Kearny led a dragoon reconnaissance west of Fort Laramie to deter the Indians from any outbreaks in case a war did break out with Mexico. Lieutenant William B. Franklin accompanied this force as topographer and later... of California. In 1848, Fremont submitted his important geographical findings on California and the "Great Basin, " and contributed significantly to the most accurate map of the Far West. In 1846, another Topographic Engineer, Lieutenant William H. Emory...

  11. A Space for Living: Region and Nature in the Bay Area, 1939-1969

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Peter Albert

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Ruth Oldenziel and Karin Zachmann. Cold War Kitchen,1938. Oldenziel, Ruth and Karin Zachmann. Cold War Kitchen,see Ruth Oldenziel and Karin Zachmann, Cold War Kitchen,

  12. Driven Ratchets for Cold Atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renzoni, F

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brownian motors, or ratchets, are devices which "rectify" Brownian motion, i.e. they can generate a current of particles out of unbiased fluctuations. The ratchet effect is a very general phenomenon which applies to a wide range of physical systems, and indeed ratchets have been realized with a variety of solid state devices, with optical trap setups as well as with synthetic molecules and granular gases. The present article reviews recent experimental realizations of ac driven ratchets with cold atoms in driven optical lattices. This is quite an unusual system for a Brownian motor as there is no a real thermal bath, and both the periodic potential for the atoms and the fluctuations are determined by laser fields. Such a system allowed us to realize experimentally rocking and gating ratchets, and to precisely investigate the relationship between symmetry and transport in these ratchets, both for the case of periodic and quasiperiodic driving.

  13. Driven Ratchets for Cold Atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Renzoni

    2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Brownian motors, or ratchets, are devices which "rectify" Brownian motion, i.e. they can generate a current of particles out of unbiased fluctuations. The ratchet effect is a very general phenomenon which applies to a wide range of physical systems, and indeed ratchets have been realized with a variety of solid state devices, with optical trap setups as well as with synthetic molecules and granular gases. The present article reviews recent experimental realizations of ac driven ratchets with cold atoms in driven optical lattices. This is quite an unusual system for a Brownian motor as there is no a real thermal bath, and both the periodic potential for the atoms and the fluctuations are determined by laser fields. Such a system allowed us to realize experimentally rocking and gating ratchets, and to precisely investigate the relationship between symmetry and transport in these ratchets, both for the case of periodic and quasiperiodic driving.

  14. R-Cold: Order (2013-CE-5354)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered R-Cold, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding R-Cold had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler or freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  15. Modeling Cold Start in a Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balliet, Ryan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3.2.2.9 3.3 Cold—Start Simulation Transport of ions andperformance during cold start. Transport of water in thetransport overpotentials for the hydrogen electrode are neglected. Table 1.3: Automotive cold-

  16. The Cold Dark Matter Search test stand warm electronics card

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hines, Bruce; /Colorado U., Denver; Hansen, Sten; /Fermilab; Huber, Martin; /Colorado U., Denver; Kiper, Terry; /Fermilab; Rau, Wolfgang; /Queen's U., Kingston; Saab, Tarek; /Florida U.; Seitz, Dennis; Sundqvist, Kyle; /UC, Berkeley; Mandic, Vuk; /Minnesota U.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A card which does the signal processing for four SQUID amplifiers and two charge sensitive channels is described. The card performs the same functions as is presently done with two custom 9U x 280mm Eurocard modules, a commercial multi-channel VME digitizer, a PCI to GPIB interface, a PCI to VME interface and a custom built linear power supply. By integrating these functions onto a single card and using the power over Ethernet standard, the infrastructure requirements for instrumenting a Cold Dark Matter Search (CDMS) detector test stand are significantly reduced.

  17. Recipe for Reform: The Food Economy Movement in Britain During the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckley, Michael Dennis

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    series. However, one food reformer had not plagiarized fromBefore the war, food reformers addressed endemic hungerback on the prewar reformers' program of "food economy."

  18. Recipe for Reform: The Food Economy Movement in Britain During the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckley, Michael Dennis

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    230. Marwick, Arthur. The Deluge: British Society and thehistory of the war, The Deluge, discusses the inflation incrisis: Arthur Marwick, The Deluge: British Society and the

  19. Mexican Silver for the Cortes of Cadiz during the War against Napoleon, 1808-1811

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marichal Salinas, Carlos

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cadiz during the War against Napoleon, 1808-1811 1 * Carlostheir struggle against Napoleon. The financial contributionsto the struggle against Napoleon during this period and

  20. Residential Cold Climate Heat Pump with Variable-Speed Technology...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cold Climate Heat Pump with Variable-Speed Technology Residential Cold Climate Heat Pump with Variable-Speed Technology Purdue prototype system Purdue prototype system Unico...

  1. Recovery Act Workers Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites, Help Reduce

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergy Small TeamNOTDelivery and Energy Reliability2,of Years |Cold War

  2. CMB Cold Spot from Inflationary Feature Scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yi

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a "feature-scattering" mechanism to explain the cosmic microwave background cold spot seen from {\\it WMAP} and {\\it Planck} maps. If there are hidden features in the potential of multi-field inflation, the inflationary trajectory can be scattered by such features. The scattering is controlled by the amount of isocurvature fluctuations, and thus can be considered as a mechanism to convert isocurvature fluctuations into curvature fluctuations. This mechanism predicts localized cold spots (instead of hot ones) on the CMB. In addition, it may also bridge a connection between the cold spot and a dip on the CMB power spectrum at $\\ell \\sim 20$.

  3. Hunt for cold H2 molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Combes

    2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The bulk of the molecular component in galaxies is made of cold H2, which is not observed directly, but which abundance is derived from indirect tracers such as CO emission. The CO to H2 conversion ratio remains uncertain, and may vary by large factors in special environments with different excitation or metallicity. Recent cold gas discoveries (through gamma-rays or cold dust emission) are reviewed and the most promising tracers in the future are discussed, such as the primordial molecules HD and LiH, or the pure rotational lines of excited H2*.

  4. Severe global-scale effects of nuclear war reaffirmed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is a statement of the issues raised at a special SCOPE workshop held in Bangkok February 9-12, 1987. The participants noted an improving range of research efforts designed to refine estimates of the physical and atmospheric consequences of a major nuclear war. The primary topics of the discussions were the volume and size of smoke particles which could be emmitted by the burning of wood, plastics, and petroleum products, the concepts of nuclear winter and nuclear autumn, and the effect that the smoke production and climate change could have on global food production.

  5. Cold vacuum drying facility design requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Irwin, J.J.

    1997-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This release of the Design Requirements Document is a complete restructuring and rewrite to the document previously prepared and released for project W-441 to record the design basis for the design of the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility.

  6. Implications of Theoretical Ideas Regarding Cold Fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Afsar Abbas

    1995-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A lot of theoretical ideas have been floated to explain the so called cold fusion phenomenon. I look at a large subset of these and study further physical implications of the concepts involved. I suggest that these can be tested by other independent physical means. Because of the significance of these the experimentalists are urged to look for these signatures. The results in turn will be important for a better understanding and hence control of the cold fusion phenomenon.

  7. Some Calculations for Cold Fusion Superheavy Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, X H; Ning, P Z

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Q value and optimal exciting energy of the hypothetical superheavy nuclei in cold fusion reaction are calculated with relativistic mean field model and semiemperical shell model mass equation(SSME) and the validity of the two models is tested. The fusion barriers are also calculated with two different models and reasonable results are obtained. The calculations can give useful references for the experiments in the superheavy nuclei synthesized in cold fusion reactions.

  8. Some Calculations for Cold Fusion Superheavy Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X. H. Zhong; L. Li; P. Z. Ning

    2004-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The Q value and optimal exciting energy of the hypothetical superheavy nuclei in cold fusion reaction are calculated with relativistic mean field model and semiemperical shell model mass equation(SSME) and the validity of the two models is tested. The fusion barriers are also calculated with two different models and reasonable results are obtained. The calculations can give useful references for the experiments in the superheavy nuclei synthesized in cold fusion reactions.

  9. Controlling the Ratchet Effect for Cold Atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anatole Kenfack; Jiangbin Gong; Arjendu K. Pattanayak

    2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Low-order quantum resonances manifested by directed currents have been realized with cold atoms. Here we show that by increasing the strength of an experimentally achievable delta-kicking ratchet potential, quantum resonances of a very high order may naturally emerge and can induce larger ratchet currents than low-order resonances, with the underlying classical limit being fully chaotic. The results offer a means of controlling quantum transport of cold atoms.

  10. The longest illness. Effects of nuclear war in children

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kappy, M.S.

    1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The destruction of civilization that would follow a nuclear war would render any disaster ever recorded insignificant. Millions of people would perish during the first few hours, and many more would die in the months to come. Survival would exist only in the strictest sense of the word, since societal disorganization, famine, drought, darkness, and nuclear winter would envelope the earth. The comparative frailty of children and their dependence on adults would render them most susceptible to the acute effects of a nuclear holocaust. Furthermore, studies of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan bombings showed a disproportionate propensity for children to experience leukemias and other cancers years after the bombings. There were also great increases in perinatal deaths and cases of microcephaly and retardation in children exposed in utero to the bombs. In the event that there are future generations after a nuclear war, the issue of heritable genetic effects will become important. Suggestions of permanent genetic damage are emerging from the Hiroshima and Nagasaki studies. By comparison, the genetic effects of modern weaponry will be incalculable.

  11. Station blackout at nuclear power plants: Radiological implications for nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shapiro, C.S.

    1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent work on station blackout is reviewed its radiological implications for a nuclear war scenario is explored. The major conclusion is that the effects of radiation from many nuclear weapon detonations in a nuclear war would swamp those from possible reactor accidents that result from station blackout.

  12. Clipping the Eagle's Wings: The Limiting of the Korean Air War, 1950-1953

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horky, Roger Karl

    2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    its destruction is consistent with the objectives of the war is for policy makers, not generals, to decide. As nineteenth-century German general Carl von Clausewitz observed, ?Der Krieg ist eine blo?e Fortsetzung der Politik mit anderen Mitteln [war...

  13. Revolutionary ultrasonic nozzle can reduce water and energy used for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sóbester, András

    Revolutionary ultrasonic nozzle can reduce water and energy used for cleaning by ten times by N O R into the air to then settle and contaminate other surfaces). As it is able to use cold water, energy is saved ultrasonic cleaning baths can easily be scaled up and neither can be used To search, type and hit enter " F i

  14. Fighting for frames or prospects for peace? : building a prospect theory model of ethnic civil war termination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butts, Robert Davis

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ethnic civil wars are the most abundant form of large-scale, deadly conflict in the world today, yet the dedicated study of ethnic civil war is relatively new within political science. One empirical observation repeated ...

  15. War as Aesthetic: The Philosophy of Carl von Clausewitz as the Embodiment of John Dewey's Concept of Experience 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Berg, Oak Herbert

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation confirms war as the zenith of aesthetic experience and demonstrates the pragmatic nature of war through explication of John Dewey’s aesthetic philosophy. Likewise, the coherency of Carl von Clausewitz’s philosophy parallels Dewey...

  16. 6/14/12 World War II exhibit of Peter Hurd sketches opening at Museum of Texas Tech | Lubbock Online | Lub... 1/3lubbockonline.com/local-news/.../world-war-ii-exhibit-peter-hurd-sketches-opening-museum-texas-tech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    6/14/12 World War II exhibit of Peter Hurd sketches opening at Museum of Texas Tech | Lubbock Online | Lub... 1/3lubbockonline.com/local-news/.../world-war-ii-exhibit-peter-hurd-sketches-opening-museum-texas-tech World War II exhibit of Peter Hurd sketches opening at Museum of Texas Tech Posted: June 12, 2012 10

  17. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  18. 1914-1918: The Death Throes of Civilisation. The elites of Latin America face the Great War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 1914-1918: The Death Throes of Civilisation. The elites of Latin America face the Great War less on the two world wars than on two turning points that mark a true break in continuity in the sub.1 The natural conclusion of this approach is that the Great War did not have the same formative role in Latin

  19. Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States conditions from war-related smoke. We combined observed climate conditions for the states of Iowa, Illinois phases also had an important effect. 1 Introduction In the event of nuclear war, targets in cities

  20. The New Global War on Malaria 305 The global control of malaria has followed a tortuous path during the past

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The New Global War on Malaria 305 The global control of malaria has followed a tortuous path during of the past century. The New Global War on Malaria Jeffrey D. Sachs and Raymond G. Chambers #12;Key Health-free 1965 #12;The New Global War on Malaria 307 It is important to understand each of these ecological

  1. Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States and soybeans to cooler, drier, and darker conditions from war-related smoke. We combined observed climate had an important effect. 1 Introduction In the event of nuclear war, targets in cities and industrial

  2. Finger length ratio (2D:4D) and sex differences in aggression during a simulated war game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cosmides, Leda

    Finger length ratio (2D:4D) and sex differences in aggression during a simulated war game Matthew H), and unprovoked attack during a simulated war game (n = 176). We also investigated whether 2D:4D mediated; Narcissism, social dominance orientation; Stress; Self-esteem; Aggression; War 0191-8869/$ - see front matter

  3. Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly Explore GO Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly About Like this post? Subscribe to our RSS feed and stay up to date. Biofuels War: The New Scramble in Africa, Ethiopia, Europe, Ghana, Global, Tanzania, United States of America Biofuels war has broken out

  4. Beyond apocalypse: Recent representations of nuclear war and its aftermath in U. S. narrative film

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perrine, T.A.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of nuclear weapons and their destructive potential influences human consciousness and cultural production including US commercial narrative films that deal with the idea of nuclear war. Such films can be read to reflect and mediate cultural attitudes about nuclear war and the increasingly technological future. These issues are investigated through a close examination of several recent US narrative films. An historical outlines of the important events of the nuclear age and a survey of critical approaches to the study of nuclear war texts provide the context for this work. The ways in which popular cinema has constructed the idea of nuclear war are enumerated. A discussion of the formal and thematic concerns of the science fiction film genre follows since SF is the narrative category into which nuclear war films are frequently placed. Nuclear war is represented in quite a number of entertainment films recently which suggests our societal preoccupation with the possibility. At the same time, the representations of nuclear war have been limited to a fairly restricted range of scenographic and narrative options which often serve to trivialize or distanciate the subject.

  5. Reduces electric energy consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BENEFITS · Reduces electric energy consumption · Reduces peak electric demand · Reduces natural gas consumption · Reduces nonhazardous solid waste and wastewater generation · Potential annual savings products for the automotive industry, electrical equipment, and miscellaneous other uses nationwide. ALCOA

  6. Cold thoughts on nuclear winter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katz, J.I.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The nuclear winter controversy is a notorious example of the politicization of science. Large firestorms are followed by soot-laden black rain. It is not known what fraction of the soot produced by fires is removed from the atmosphere in this manner. A simple argument suggests that the fraction may be large. It is even possible to argue that a severe nuclear winter is not self-consistent. It is often assumed that carbonaceous soot is chemically inert in the atmosphere, despite the presence of trace amounts of chemically active species. Even if the magnitude of the nuclear winter effect were known, its implications would remain controversial. Nuclear winter chillings are usually measured as drops in mean temperature. However, reduction in solar heating reduces the diurnal variation as well.

  7. Remembering World War I: A Hundredth Anniversary Commemoration The Department of History at Old Dominion University is pleased to host a series of events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remembering World War I: A Hundredth Anniversary Commemoration The Department of History at Old World War I: A Hundredth Anniversary Commemoration," designed to commemorate and address World War I: The Great War 100 Years On." "One hundred years after the outbreak of hostilities in 1914," Professor Winter

  8. Partial oxidation for improved cold starts in alcohol-fueled engines: Phase 2 topical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcohol fuels exhibit poor cold-start performance because of their low volatility. Neat alcohol engines become difficult, if not impossible, to start at temperatures close to or below freezing. Improvements in the cold-start performance (both time to start and emissions) are essential to capture the full benefits of alcohols as an alternative transportation fuel. The objective of this project was to develop a neat alcohol partial oxidation (POX) reforming technology to improve an alcohol engine`s ability to start at low temperatures (as low as {minus}30 C) and to reduce its cold-start emissions. The project emphasis was on fuel-grade ethanol (E95) but the technology can be easily extended to other alcohol fuels. Ultimately a compact, on-vehicle, ethanol POX reactor was developed as a fuel system component to produce a hydrogen-rich, fuel-gas mixture for cold starts. The POX reactor is an easily controllable combustion device that allows flexibility during engine startup even in the most extreme conditions. It is a small device that is mounted directly onto the engine intake manifold. The gaseous fuel products (or reformate) from the POX reactor exit the chamber and enter the intake manifold, either replacing or supplementing the standard ethanol fuel consumed during an engine start. The combustion of the reformate during startup can reduce engine start time and tail-pipe emissions.

  9. Influence of projectile neutron number on cross section in cold fusion reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dragojevic, I.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ON CROSS SECTION IN COLD FUSION REACTIONS I. Dragojevi? ,type of reaction has been referred to as “cold fusion. ”The study of cold fusion reactions is an indispensable

  10. Solvent deasphalting effects on whole Cold Lake bitumen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brons, G. [Exxon Research and Engineering Co., Annandale, NJ (United States); Yu, J.M. [Imperial Oil Limited, Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Solvent separation of bitumen from the Cold Lake region of Alberta, Canada, into deasphalted oils and asphaltenes has been studied using propane, i-butane, n-butane and n-pentane. The resulting range of deasphalting was from 20 to 50 wt.% of the whole bitumen. An extensive study of the fractions, as a function of yield, has shown how and to what extent volatiles, aromatics, sulfur and metals are distributed between the fractions. It was found that the highest molecular weight asphaltenes have the most impact on the viscous nature of such heavy oils, suggesting that even low levels of deasphalting can have a dramatic impact in reducing viscosity. In addition, thiophenic sulfur is more concentrated in the asphaltenes, but the sulfides, acting as cross-links, may be responsible for the highest molecular weight fractions of the asphaltenes.

  11. Casualties and Injuries Chart Cold Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    adequate hydration and ensure nutritional requirements are met * POL - petoleum, oil, lubricants See http equipment l Use approved gloves to handle all fuel and POL* products l In the extreme cold environment, do conditions Frostbite Cause l Freezing of tissue, eg.: Fingers, toes, ears, and other facial parts. l Exposure

  12. Cold Climates Heat Pump Design Optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL] [ORNL; Shen, Bo [ORNL] [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heat pumps provide an efficient heating method; however they suffer from sever capacity and performance degradation at low ambient conditions. This has deterred market penetration in cold climates. There is a continuing effort to find an efficient air source cold climate heat pump that maintains acceptable capacity and performance at low ambient conditions. Systematic optimization techniques provide a reliable approach for the design of such systems. This paper presents a step-by-step approach for the design optimization of cold climate heat pumps. We first start by describing the optimization problem: objective function, constraints, and design space. Then we illustrate how to perform this design optimization using an open source publically available optimization toolbox. The response of the heat pump design was evaluated using a validated component based vapor compression model. This model was treated as a black box model within the optimization framework. Optimum designs for different system configurations are presented. These optimum results were further analyzed to understand the performance tradeoff and selection criteria. The paper ends with a discussion on the use of systematic optimization for the cold climate heat pump design.

  13. How a cold axion background influences photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Domènec Espriu; Albert Renau

    2011-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A cold relic axion condensate resulting from vacuum misalignment in the early universe oscillates with a frequency \\sim m_a, where m_a is the axion mass. We summarize how the properties of photons propagating in such a medium are modified. Although the effects are small due to the magnitude of the axion-photon coupling, some consequences are striking.

  14. IEA HPP Annex 41 Cold Climate Heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    of Air-Source Heat Pumps Van D. Baxter Oak Ridge National Laboratory European Heat Pump Summit Nuremberg ­ Cold Climate Heat Pumps Improving low ambient temperature performance of air-source heat pumps as having large number of hours with OD temperature -7 °C (19 °F). Air-source heat pumps (ASHP

  15. ‘All one could desire’ British women remember life in post war Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Easingwood, Ruth

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of being British in Germany was not experienced in the sameremember life in post war Germany My PhD thesis attempts toof the British occupation of Germany which took place 1945-

  16. "What Are Marines For?" The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivdo, Michael Edward

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation provides analysis on several areas of study related to the history of the United States Marine Corps in the Civil War Era. One element scrutinizes the efforts of Commandant Archibald Henderson to transform the Corps into a more...

  17. Intelligent Whale: a historical and archaeological analysis of an American Civil War submersible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitchcock, Peter Winston

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The topic of this thesis is an American Civil War submersible known as the Intelligent Whale. Construction of the vessel began in 1863, but due to several obstacles it was not completed until 1869. Failing an open water test conducted...

  18. Bankruptcy, guns or campaigns : explaining armed organizations' post-war trajectories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Sarah Zukerman

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project seeks to explain what happens to armed organizations after they sign peace accords. Why do they dissolve, return to war, or form non-violent socio-political entities (political parties or civic associations)? ...

  19. Wars of position : language policy, counter-hegemonies and cultural cleavages in Italy and Norway 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puzey, Guy Edward Michael

    2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the development of the present-day linguistic hegemonies within Italy and Norway as products of ongoing linguistic ‘wars of position’. Language activist movements have been key actors in these ...

  20. Intelligent Whale: a historical and archaeological analysis of an American Civil War submersible 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitchcock, Peter Winston

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The topic of this thesis is an American Civil War submersible known as the Intelligent Whale. Construction of the vessel began in 1863, but due to several obstacles it was not completed until 1869. Failing an open water ...

  1. "What Are Marines For?" The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War Era 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivdo, Michael Edward

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation provides analysis on several areas of study related to the history of the United States Marine Corps in the Civil War Era. One element scrutinizes the efforts of Commandant Archibald Henderson to transform ...

  2. THE LEBANESE CIVIL WAR (1975-1990): CAUSES AND COSTS OF CONFLICT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohti, Zakaria Mounir

    2010-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper analyzes the factors that caused and sustained the 1975-1990 Lebanese civil war and aims to identify the main causes of the conflict. The author relies heavily on the Collier-Hoeffler Model but does not limit ...

  3. Jim Crow America and the Marines of Montford Point in the World War II Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCoy, Cameron Demetrius

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    -black units such as the 93rd Infantry Division and the Tuskegee Airmen. In sum, initial racial opinions shifted differently in each military service during the war; and for black Marines, it officially marked a new tradition of military service....

  4. ''That truth that lives unchangeably'': The role of ontology in the just war tradition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Phillip Wesley

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    . Also, certain versions of liberalism (that of John Rawls) will replace the just war traditions focus on actions and replace them with a concern for regime-type, while other forms of liberalism (that of Michael Walzer) will best encapsulate...

  5. The Strange Career of DDT: Experts, Federal Capacity, and ‘Environmentalism’ in World War II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Edmund P.

    1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. The strange career of DDT: Experts, federal capacity, and environmentalism in World War II Russell, Edmund P, III Technology and Culture; Oct...

  6. The Queerly Disadvantaged and the Making of San Francisco's War on Poverty, 1964-1967

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meeker, Martin Dennis

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of social isolation, poverty, and discrimi- nation that areDisadvantaged conditions of poverty. The traditional methodsEnlargement of S.F. Poverty War Urged,” in ibid. , Feb. 17,

  7. Caught in the Crossfire: Strategies of Multinationals in Host Countries at War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Li

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the strategic choices of multinational enterprises (MNEs) in host countries that become engaged in war. By combining the resource-based view and resource management theory, and drawing additional insights from research...

  8. 'I Come from the Throne': 'the War-Prayer,' the Bible, and Anti-Imperialism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Britton, Wesley

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    parts of an anti-war vocal narrative called “Jimmy’s Road. ”According to Terry Oggel, “Jimmy’s Road” framed andby telling the story of Jimmy, a boy who grows up only to be

  9. Nuclear waste vitrification efficiency: cold cap reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrma, Pavel R.; Kruger, Albert A.; Pokorny, Richard

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The cost and schedule of nuclear waste treatment and immobilization are greatly affected by the rate of glass production. Various factors influence the performance of a waste-glass melter. One of the most significant, and also one of the least understood, is the process of batch melting. Studies are being conducted to gain fundamental understanding of the batch reactions, particularly those that influence the rate of melting, and models are being developed to link batch makeup and melter operation to the melting rate. Batch melting takes place within the cold cap, i.e., a batch layer floating on the surface of molten glass. The conversion of batch to glass consists of various chemical reactions, phase transitions, and diffusion-controlled processes. These include water evaporation (slurry feed contains as high as 60% water), gas evolution, the melting of salts, the formation of borate melt, reactions of borate melt with molten salts and with amorphous oxides (Fe2O3 and Al2O3), the formation of intermediate crystalline phases, the formation of a continuous glass-forming melt, the growth and collapse of primary foam, and the dissolution of residual solids. To this list we also need to add the formation of secondary foam that originates from molten glass but accumulates on the bottom of the cold cap. This study presents relevant data obtained for a high-level-waste melter feed and introduces a one-dimensional (1D) mathematical model of the cold cap as a step toward an advanced three-dimensional (3D) version for a complete model of the waste glass melter. The 1D model describes the batch-to-glass conversion within the cold cap as it progresses in a vertical direction. With constitutive equations and key parameters based on measured data, and simplified boundary conditions on the cold-cap interfaces with the glass melt and the plenum space of the melter, the model provides sensitivity analysis of the response of the cold cap to the batch makeup and melter conditions. The model demonstrates that batch foaming has a decisive influence on the rate of melting. Understanding the dynamics of the foam layer at the bottom of the cold cap and the heat transfer through it appears crucial for a reliable prediction of the rate of melting as a function of the melter-feed makeup and melter operation parameters. Although the study is focused on a batch for waste vitrification, the authors expect that the outcome will also be relevant for commercial glass melting.

  10. NUCLEAR WASTE VITRIFICATION EFFICIENCY COLD CAP REACTIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KRUGER AA; HRMA PR; POKORNY R

    2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The cost and schedule of nuclear waste treatment and immobilization are greatly affected by the rate of glass production. Various factors influence the performance of a waste-glass melter. One of the most significant, and also one of the least understood, is the process of batch melting. Studies are being conducted to gain fundamental understanding of the batch reactions, particularly those that influence the rate of melting, and models are being developed to link batch makeup and melter operation to the melting rate. Batch melting takes place within the cold cap, i.e., a batch layer floating on the surface of molten glass. The conversion of batch to glass consists of various chemical reactions, phase transitions, and diffusion-controlled processes. These include water evaporation (slurry feed contains as high as 60% water), gas evolution, the melting of salts, the formation of borate melt, reactions of borate melt with molten salts and with amorphous oxides (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), the formation of intermediate crystalline phases, the formation of a continuous glass-forming melt, the growth and collapse of primary foam, and the dissolution of residual solids. To this list we also need to add the formation of secondary foam that originates from molten glass but accumulates on the bottom of the cold cap. This study presents relevant data obtained for a high-level-waste melter feed and introduces a one-dimensional (1D) mathematical model of the cold cap as a step toward an advanced three-dimensional (3D) version for a complete model of the waste glass melter. The 1D model describes the batch-to-glass conversion within the cold cap as it progresses in a vertical direction. With constitutive equations and key parameters based on measured data, and simplified boundary conditions on the cold-cap interfaces with the glass melt and the plenum space of the melter, the model provides sensitivity analysis of the response of the cold cap to the batch makeup and melter conditions. The model demonstrates that batch foaming has a decisive influence on the rate of melting. Understanding the dynamics of the foam layer at the bottom of the cold cap and the heat transfer through it appears crucial for a reliable prediction of the rate of melting as a function of the melter-feed makeup and melter operation parameters. Although the study is focused on a batch for waste vitrification, the authors expect that the outcome will also be relevant for commercial glass melting.

  11. Soviet America: Popular Responses to the United States in Post-World War II Soviet Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avramov, Konstantin

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    society, often touching on frequently conformist nature of Soviet public opinion (in line with my findings). More recently, Denis Kozlov and Karl Loewenstein produced highly informative and insightful works where they showed Soviet public’s increased... War rival. The post-World War II period of Soviet history has enjoyed increased scholarly attention in the last ten years. Elena Zubkova’s pioneering book brought forth a number of social issues such as crime, poverty, demographics...

  12. Rules of Engagement: Performance and Identity in the War on Terror

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piepenbrink, Emily

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ?reminded [him] of being deployed? (Generationkillinsider.com). Generation Kill would have been impossible to produce without the contributions of the Marines on whom the series is based. Generation Kill demonstrates the elision between the American... Soldiers (2002), and Jarhead (2005), illuminate how performances about the military evolve. Films about the War on Terror from Academy Award winner The Hurt Locker (2008) to HBO?s Generation Kill, illustrate how war-fighters react and engage...

  13. atmospheric pressure cold: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    equatorial cold tongue mode attains its maximum Haak, Hein 16 FLOWS OF MASS, MOMENTUM AND ENERGY IN THE SOLAR ATMOSPHERE A SOHOORIENTED VIEW OF COLD LOOPS Physics Websites Summary:...

  14. Hot-dark matter, cold dark matter and accelerating universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbas Farmany; Amin Farmany; Mohammad Mahmoodi

    2006-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Friedman equation is solved for a universe contains hotdark matter and cold dark matter. In this scenario, hot-dark matter drives an accelerating universe no cold dark matter.

  15. Tug-of-war in motility assay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Hexner; Yariv Kafri

    2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamics of two groups of molecular motors pulling in opposite directions on a rigid filament is studied theoretically. To this end we first consider the behavior of one set of motors pulling in a single direction against an external force using a new mean-field approach. Based on these results we analyze a similar setup with two sets of motors pulling in opposite directions in a tug-of-war in the presence of an external force. In both cases we find that the interplay of fluid friction and protein friction leads to a complex phase diagram where the force-velocity relations can exhibit regions of bistability and spontaneous symmetry breaking. Finally, motivated by recent work, we turn to the case of motility assay experiments where motors bound to a surface push on a bundle of filaments. We find that, depending on the absence or the presence of a bistability in the force-velocity curve at zero force, the bundle exhibits anomalous or biased diffusion on long-time and large-length scales.

  16. American Material Culture: Investigating a World War II Trash Dump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Julie Braun

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Idaho National Laboratory: An Historical Trash Trove Historians and archaeologists love trash, the older the better. Sometimes these researchers find their passion in unexpected places. In this presentation, the treasures found in a large historic dump that lies relatively untouched in the middle of the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) will be described. The U.S. military used the central portion of the INL as one of only six naval proving grounds during World War II. They dumped trash in dry irrigation canals during and after their wartime activities and shortly before the federal government designated this arid and desolate place as the nation’s nuclear reactor testing station in 1949. When read critically and combined with memories and photographs, the 60-year old trash provides a glimpse into 1940s’ culture and the everyday lives of ordinary people who lived and worked during this time on Idaho’s desert. Thanks to priceless stories, hours of research, and the ability to read the language of historic artifacts, the dump was turned from just another trash heap into a treasure trove of 1940s memorabilia. Such studies of American material culture serve to fire our imaginations, enrich our understanding of past practices, and humanize history. Historical archaeology provides opportunities to integrate inanimate objects with animated narrative and, the more recent the artifacts, the more human the stories they can tell.

  17. Operations other than war: Requirements for analysis tools research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartley, D.S. III

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the research effort to determine the requirements for new or improved analysis tools to support decisions at the strategic and operational levels for military Operations Other than War (OOTW). The work was performed for the Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Command (USCINCPAC). The data collection was based on workshops attended by experts in OOTWs: analysis personnel from each of the Combatant Commands, the Services, the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the Joint Staff, and other knowledgeable personnel. Further data were gathered from other workshops and conferences and from the literature. The results of this research begin with the creation of a taxonomy of OOTWs: categories of operations, attributes of operations, and tasks requiring analytical support. The tasks are connected to the Joint Staff`s Universal Joint Task List (UJTL). Historical OOTWs are analyzed to produce frequency distributions by category and responsible CINC. The analysis products are synthesized into a list of requirements for analytical tools and definitions of the requirements. The report concludes with a timeline or roadmap for satisfying the requirements.

  18. Plating under reduced pressure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dini, J.W.; Beat, T.G.; Cowden, W.C. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Ryan, L.E.; Hewitt, W.B. (TRW, Inc., Redondo Beach, CA (United States))

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plating under reduced pressure was evaluated for both electroless nickel and electrodeposited copper systems. The objective was to reduce pitting of these coatings thereby further enhancing their usage for diamond turning applications. Cursory experiments with electroless nickel showed reduced porosity when deposition was done at around 500 torr. Detailed experiments with electrodeposited copper at around 100 torr provided similar results. Scanning tunneling microscopy was effectively used to show the improvement in the copper deposits plated under reduced pressure. Benefits included reduced surface roughness and finer and denser grain structure.

  19. Original article Comparison of three cold storage methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Comparison of three cold storage methods for Norway spruce (Picea abies Karst forest tree seedlings are very sensitive to environmental factors, including cold storage. The metabolic activity of 2 types of ectomycorrhizae of Norway spruce seedlings, after cold storage for 2 weeks under 3

  20. Original article Effect of desiccation during cold storage on planting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Effect of desiccation during cold storage on planting stock quality and field, 1.4°C, 87% RH). An additional treatment consisted in a cold storage for 4 weeks in sealed polythene exhibited lower survival and RGP (except in pine) than those lifted in January and March. Cold storage

  1. Radiation trapping in a cold atomic gas Guillaume Labeyrie,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    field of study deals with the transport of near resonant light in such media. Using cold atoms, one can at the end of the 20th century that studies of light transport in optically thick clouds of cold atomsRadiation trapping in a cold atomic gas Guillaume Labeyrie,1 Robin Kaiser,1, and Dominique Delande

  2. The Central American cold surge: an observational analysis of the deep southward penetration of North American cold fronts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reding, Philip John

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE CENTRAL AMERICAN COLD SURGE: AN OBSERVATIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE DEEP SOUTHWARD PENETRATION OF NORTH AMERICAN COLD FRONTS A Thesis by PHILIP JOHN REDING Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A &M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Meteorology THE CENTRAL AMERICAN COLD SURGE: AN OBSERVATIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE DEEP SOUTHWARD PENETRATION OF NORTH AMERICAN COLD FRONTS A Thesis by PHILIP...

  3. Method and apparatus for reducing cold-phase emissions by utilizing oxygen-enriched intake air

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Poola, Ramesh B. (Woodridge, IL); Sekar, Ramanujam R. (Naperville, IL); Stork, Kevin C. (Chicago, IL)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An oxygen-enriched air intake control system for an internal combustion engine includes air directing apparatus to control the air flow into the intake of the engine. During normal operation of the engine, ambient air flowing from an air filter of the engine flows through the air directing apparatus into the intake of the engine. In order to decrease the amount of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions that tend to be produced by the engine during a short period of time after the engine is started, the air directing apparatus diverts for a short period of time following the start up of the engine at least a portion of the ambient air from the air filter through a secondary path. The secondary path includes a selectively permeable membrane through which the diverted portion of the ambient air flows. The selectively permeable membrane separates nitrogen and oxygen from the diverted air so that oxygen enriched air containing from about 23% to 25% oxygen by volume is supplied to the intake of the engine.

  4. The Helium Cooling System and Cold Mass Support System for the MICE Coupling Solenoid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HTS leads, cold ends of copper leads and thermal intercepts for cold mass supports, neck tubes and instrumentation wires.

  5. Cold condensation of dust in the ISM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rouillé, Gaël; Krasnokutski, Serge A; Krebsz, Melinda; Henning, Thomas

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The condensation of complex silicates with pyroxene and olivine composition at conditions prevailing in molecular clouds has been experimentally studied. For this purpose, molecular species comprising refractory elements were forced to accrete on cold substrates representing the cold surfaces of surviving dust grains in the interstellar medium. The efficient formation of amorphous and homogeneous magnesium iron silicates at temperatures of about 12 K has been monitored by IR spectroscopy. The gaseous precursors of such condensation processes in the interstellar medium are formed by erosion of dust grains in supernova shock waves. In the laboratory, we have evaporated glassy silicate dust analogs and embedded the released species in neon ice matrices that have been studied spectroscopically to identify the molecular precursors of the condensing solid silicates. A sound coincidence between the 10 micron band of the interstellar silicates and the 10 micron band of the low-temperature siliceous condensates can be...

  6. Cryogenic target formation using cold gas jets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendricks, Charles D. [Livermore, CA

    1980-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus using cold gas jets for producing a substantially uniform layer of cryogenic materials on the inner surface of hollow spherical members having one or more layers, such as inertially imploded targets. By vaporizing and quickly refreezing cryogenic materials contained within a hollow spherical member, a uniform layer of the materials is formed on an inner surface of the spherical member. Basically the method involves directing cold gas jets onto a spherical member having one or more layers or shells and containing the cryogenic material, such as a deuterium-tritium (DT) mixture, to freeze the contained material, momentarily heating the spherical member so as to vaporize the contained material, and quickly refreezing the thus vaporized material forming a uniform layer of cryogenic material on an inner surface of the spherical member.

  7. Cryogenic target formation using cold gas jets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendricks, C.D.

    1980-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus using cold gas jets for producing a substantially uniform layer of cryogenic materials on the inner surface of hollow spherical members having one or more layers, such as inertially imploded targets are disclosed. By vaporizing and quickly refreezing cryogenic materials contained within a hollow spherical member, a uniform layer of the materials is formed on an inner surface of the spherical member. Basically the method involves directing cold gas jets onto a spherical member having one or more layers or shells and containing the cryogenic material, such as a deuterium-tritium (DT) mixture, to freeze the contained material, momentarily heating the spherical member so as to vaporize the contained material, and quickly refreezing the thus vaporized material forming a uniform layer of cryogenic material on an inner surface of the spherical member. 4 figs.

  8. Axion cold dark matter in nonstandard cosmologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Visinelli, Luca; Gondolo, Paolo [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, 115 South 1400 East 201, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-0830 (United States)

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the parameter space of cold dark matter axions in two cosmological scenarios with nonstandard thermal histories before big bang nucleosynthesis: the low-temperature reheating (LTR) cosmology and the kination cosmology. If the Peccei-Quinn symmetry breaks during inflation, we find more allowed parameter space in the LTR cosmology than in the standard cosmology and less in the kination cosmology. On the contrary, if the Peccei-Quinn symmetry breaks after inflation, the Peccei-Quinn scale is orders of magnitude higher than standard in the LTR cosmology and lower in the kination cosmology. We show that the axion velocity dispersion may be used to distinguish some of these nonstandard cosmologies. Thus, axion cold dark matter may be a good probe of the history of the Universe before big bang nucleosynthesis.

  9. Cold Vacuum Drying Facility hazard analysis report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krahn, D.E.

    1998-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the methodology used in conducting the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF) hazard analysis to support the CVDF phase 2 safety analysis report (SAR), and documents the results. The hazard analysis was performed in accordance with DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for US Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports, and implements the requirements of US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Reports.

  10. Combined cold compressor/ejector helium refrigerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brown, D.P.

    1984-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A refrigeration apparatus having an ejector operatively connected with a cold compressor to form a two-stage pumping system. This pumping system is used to lower the pressure, and thereby the temperature of a bath of boiling refrigerant (helium). The apparatus as thus arranged and operated has substantially improved operating efficiency when compared to other processes or arrangements for achieving a similar low pressure.

  11. Combined cold compressor/ejector helium refrigerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brown, Donald P. (Southold, NY)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A refrigeration apparatus having an ejector operatively connected with a cold compressor to form a two-stage pumping system. This pumping system is used to lower the pressure, and thereby the temperature of a bath of boiling refrigerant (helium). The apparatus as thus arranged and operated has substantially improved operating efficiency when compared to other processes or arrangements for achieving a similar low pressure.

  12. Advances in cold cathode physics and technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nation, J.A. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)] [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); Schaechter, L. [Technion, Haifa (Israel). Electrical Engineering Dept.] [Technion, Haifa (Israel). Electrical Engineering Dept.; Mako, F.M.; Len, L.K.; Peter, W. [FM Technologies, Inc., Fairfax, VA (United States)] [FM Technologies, Inc., Fairfax, VA (United States); Tang, C.M. [Creatv MicroTech, Inc., Potomac, MD (United States)] [Creatv MicroTech, Inc., Potomac, MD (United States); Srinivasan-Rao, T. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)] [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors review recent progress in the physics and technology of cold cathode electron emitters. The characteristics of emission from field emitter arrays, photocathodes, and ferroelectrics are presented, together with a summary of the understanding of the physics involved. The paper concludes with a description of L-band micropulse gun, based on secondary emission in an RF cavity. Emphasis is placed on cathode development for electron guns to drive microwave tubes and RF accelerators.

  13. Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.; Arons, Samuel M.; Lemoine, Derek M.; Hummel, Holmes

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    would in turn lower PHEV fuel costs and make them morestretches from fossil-fuel- powered conventional vehiclesbraking, as do Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions Making Plug-

  14. Effect of prior cold work on age hardening of Cu-3Ti-1Cr alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markandeya, R. [Department of Metallurgical Engineering, College of Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kukatpally, Hyderabad-500 072 (India); Nagarjuna, S. [Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad-500 058 (India)]. E-mail: snagarjuna1@rediffmail.com; Sarma, D.S. [Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005 (India)

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of 50%, 75% and 90% cold work on the age hardening behavior of Cu-3Ti-1Cr alloy has been investigated by hardness and tensile tests, and light optical and transmission electron microscopy. Hardness increased from 118 Hv in the solution-treated condition to 373 Hv after 90% cold work and peak aging. Cold deformation reduced the peak aging time and temperature of the alloy. The yield strength and ultimate tensile strength reached a maximum of 1090 and 1110 MPa, respectively, following 90% deformation and peak aging. The microstructure of the deformed alloy exhibited elongated grains and deformation twins. The maximum strength on peak aging was obtained due to precipitation of the ordered, metastable and coherent {beta}'-Cu{sub 4}Ti phase, in addition to high dislocation density and deformation twins. Over-aging resulted in decreases in hardness and strength due to the formation of incoherent and equilibrium {beta}-Cu{sub 3}Ti phase in the form of a cellular structure. However, the morphology of the discontinuous precipitation changed to a globular form on high deformation. The mechanical properties of Cu-3Ti-1Cr alloy are superior to those of Cu-2.7Ti, Cu-3Ti-1Cd and the commercial Cu-0.5Be-2.5Co alloys in the cold-worked and peak-aged condition.

  15. Thermal up-scattering of very cold and ultra-cold neutrons in solid deuterium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasprzak, M

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The work presented in this thesis forms part of a program at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) to construct a high intensity superthermal ultra-cold neutron (UCN) source based on solid deuterium as UCN production medium. We carried out a set of experiments to gain a better understanding of the properties and the behaviour of solid deuterium as a cold neutron moderator and ultra-cold neutron converter. We present the measurements of the total neutron cross section as obtained by transmission studies with very cold neutrons and ultra-cold neutrons in solid deuterium. The experimental set-up and the methods of data analysis are described and also the procedure of preparing the solid deuterium samples is given. The neutron transmission studies are supported by optical investigation of the crystal and by Raman spectroscopy. We have thus characterised the temperature dependence of the neutron transmission through solid deuterium and we have been able to identify the role that coherent neutron scattering plays for t...

  16. Thermal up-scattering of very cold and ultra-cold neutrons in solid deuterium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malgorzata Kasprzak

    2004-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The work presented in this thesis forms part of a program at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) to construct a high intensity superthermal ultra-cold neutron (UCN) source based on solid deuterium as UCN production medium. We carried out a set of experiments to gain a better understanding of the properties and the behaviour of solid deuterium as a cold neutron moderator and ultra-cold neutron converter. We present the measurements of the total neutron cross section as obtained by transmission studies with very cold neutrons and ultra-cold neutrons in solid deuterium. The experimental set-up and the methods of data analysis are described and also the procedure of preparing the solid deuterium samples is given. The neutron transmission studies are supported by optical investigation of the crystal and by Raman spectroscopy. We have thus characterised the temperature dependence of the neutron transmission through solid deuterium and we have been able to identify the role that coherent neutron scattering plays for the investigated deuterium samples.

  17. Is there/will there be a Bosnian Language: aspects of the language situation in post?war Bosnia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husic, Geoff

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A discussion of the perception of Bosnian as a language distinct from Serbian and Croatian in Bosnia before and after the Yugoslav War, 1991-1995....

  18. Naming la Guerre sans nom: Memory, Nation and Identity in French Representations of the Algerian War, 1963-1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Naomi

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ou non, avec celle du soldat f a ç i . . . ces analogiesthe war, that "lorsque le soldat f a ç i rentre des Aurès ou

  19. Review: War & the Politics of Identity in Ethiopia: the making of enemies & allies in the Horn of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidane, Saba T

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Politics of Identity in Ethiopia: the Making of Enemies &Politics of Identity in Ethiopia, Kjetil Tronvoll takes onpolitics of the Eritrean-Ethiopia war. Neither does it

  20. Reducing home lighting expenses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aimone, M.A.

    1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ways to reduce lighting expenses are summarized. These include: turning off lights when not in use; keeping fixtures and lamps clean; replacing lamps with more efficient types; using three-way bulbs; use of daylighting; buying fewer lamps and reducing lamp wattage; consider repainting rooms; replacing recessed fixtures with tracklighting; and using efficient lamps for outdoor use. (MCW)

  1. Reducible oxide based catalysts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thompson, Levi T.; Kim, Chang Hwan; Bej, Shyamal K.

    2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A catalyst is disclosed herein. The catalyst includes a reducible oxide support and at least one noble metal fixed on the reducible oxide support. The noble metal(s) is loaded on the support at a substantially constant temperature and pH.

  2. Cold neutron scattering in imperfect deuterium crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzej Adamczak

    2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The differential cross sections for cold neutron scattering in mosaic deuterium crystals have been calculated for various target temperatures. The theoretical results are compared with the recent experimental data for the neutron wavelengths $\\lambda\\approx$~1--9~\\AA. It is shown that the structures of observed Bragg peaks can be explained by the mosaic spread of about $3^{\\circ}$ and contributions from a~limited number of crystal orientations. Such a~crystal structure should be also taken into account in ultracold neutron upscattering due to the coherent phonon annihilation in solid deuterium.

  3. Polyneutrons as agents for cold nuclear reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, J.C. (Thomas Paine Associates, Carpinteria, CA (United States))

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper new nuclear reactions are described where polyneutrons exchange neutron pairs with charged nuclides, liberating substantial energy with only minor production of neutrons and tritium. It is postulated that polyneutrons are bound in a totally paired collective phase analogous to the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer superconducting phase, that massive precursor hydrogen nuclides are bound in the same collective phase, and the polyneutrons are generated from precursor hydrogen by reaction with neutrons. The concentration and disposition of precursor hydrogen, of lithium, and of neutron-moderating and neutron-absorbing materials in the reactor environment emerge as key variables in cold nuclear reaction processes.

  4. Cold Vacuum Drying Facility - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccessAlamosCharacterization2Climate,CobaltCold Vacuum Drying

  5. ALTERNATE REDUCTANT COLD CAP EVALUATION FURNACE PHASE I TESTING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, F.; Miller, D.; Zamecnik, J.; Lambert, D.

    2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Savannah River Remediation (SRR) conducted a Systems Engineering Evaluation (SEE) to determine the optimum alternate reductant flowsheet for the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). Specifically, two proposed flowsheets (nitric–formic–glycolic and nitric–formic–sugar) were evaluated based upon results from preliminary testing. Comparison of the two flowsheets among evaluation criteria indicated a preference towards the nitric–formic–glycolic flowsheet. Further evaluation of this flowsheet eliminated the formic acid1, and as a result, the nitric–glycolic flowsheet was recommended for further testing. Based on the development of a roadmap for the nitric–glycolic acid flowsheet, Waste Solidification Engineering (WS-E) issued a Technical Task Request (TTR) to address flammability issues that may impact the implementation of this flowsheet. Melter testing was requested in order to define the DWPF flammability envelope for the nitric glycolic acid flowsheet. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Cold Cap Evaluation Furnace (CEF), a 1/12th scale DWPF melter, was selected by the SRR Alternate Reductant project team as the melter platform for this testing. The overall scope was divided into the following sub-tasks as discussed in the Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan (TTQAP): ? Phase I - A nitric–formic acid flowsheet melter test (unbubbled) to baseline the Cold Cap Evaluation Furnace (CEF) cold cap and vapor space data to the benchmark melter flammability models ? Phase II - A nitric–glycolic acid flowsheet melter test (unbubbled and bubbled) to: o Define new cold cap reactions and global kinetic parameters for the melter flammability models o Quantify off-gas surging potential of the feed o Characterize off-gas condensate for complete organic and inorganic carbon species Prior to startup, a number of improvements and modifications were made to the CEF, including addition of cameras, vessel support temperature measurement, and a heating element near the pour tube. After charging the CEF with cullet from a previous Sludge Batch 6 (SB6) run, the melter was slurry-fed with SB6-Frit 418 melter feed at 36% waste loading and was operated continuously for 6 days. Process data was collected throughout testing and included melter operation variables and off-gas chemistry. In order to satisfy the objective of Phase I testing, vapor space steady testing in the range of ~300°C-700°C was conducted without argon bubbling to baseline the melter data to the existing DWPF melter flammability model. Adjustments to heater outputs, air flows and feed rate were necessary in order to achieve the vapor space temperatures in this range. The results of the Phase I testing demonstrated that the CEF is capable of operating under the low vapor space temperatures A melter pressure of -5 inches of water was not sustained throughout the run, but the melter did remain slightly negative even with the maximum air flows required for the lowest temperature conditions were used. The auxiliary pour tube heater improved the pouring behavior at all test conditions, including reduced feed rates required for the low vapor space testing. Argon bubbling can be used to promote mixing and increase feed rate at multiple conditions. Improvements due to bubbling have been determined previously; however, the addition of the cameras to the CEF allows for visual observation during a range of bubbling configurations. The off-gas analysis system proved to be robust and capable of operating for long durations. The total operational hours on the melter vessel are approximately 385 hours. Dimensional measurements taken prior to Phase I testing and support block temperatures recorded during Phase I testing are available if an extension of service life beyond 1250 hours is desired in the future.

  6. The rise of guerrilla forces during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatley, Paul Buchanan

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and format of The Journal of Modern Histor 'Julius von Pflugk-Harttung, The Franco-German War 1870-71 b Ge s and Other Officers Who Took Part in the Ca~m ' I, ed. and trans. J. Frederick Maurice (London: Swan Sonnenschein and Company, 1900), p. 5... His e 'rement from Office, 2 vols. (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1899), 2: p. 100- 01. For the texts of the original Ems Telegram and Bismarck's revision see Robert Lord, T e Ori ins of the War of 1870 ew Documents from the German Archives...

  7. The Eagle: an American brig on Lake Champlain during the War of 1812 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisman, Kevin James

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Committee: Mr. J. Richard Steffy The United States Navy brig ~acale was built at Vergennes, Vermont, and constituted the final addition to Commodore Thomas Macdonough's War of 1812 naval squadron on Lake Champlain. The 117-foot-long hull was constructed... of Plattsburgh Bay. The ~Ea le was maintained for several years after the war, until her timbers became decayed and she was abandoned by the Navy in 1825. The submerged and partially-dismembered wreck of the ~Ea le was discovered in 1981 near Whitehall, New...

  8. Poland in British and French Policy in 1939: Determination to Fight--or Avoid War?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cienciala, Anna M.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1 Anna M. Cienciala. Prefatory Note to: “Poland in British and French Policy in 1939: Determination to Fight or Avoid War?” (The Polish Review, v. XXXIV, 1989, no. 3). [In the reprint of this article... align with Hitler. They are cited and the issue is discussed in the Cienciala study added to p. 213, note 54. © 1989 The Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences ANNA M. CIENCIALA POLAND IN BRITISH AND FRENCH POLICY IN 1939: DETERMINATION TO FIGHT—OR AVOID WAR?* Historians still differ...

  9. A pillar in our Indian work: Daniel Gookin, the praying Indians, and King Philip's War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bane, Steven Kirk

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    "A PILLAR IN OUR INDIAN WORK": DANIEL GODKIN, THE PRAYING INDIANS, AND KING PHILIP'S WAR A Thesis by STEVEN KIRK BANE Submitted to the Off1ce of Graduate Stud1es of Texas ASM University 1n partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS August 1989 Major Subject: H1story "A PILLAR IN OUR INDIAN WORK": DANIEL GODKIN, THE PRAYING INDIANS, AND KING PHILIP'S WAR A Thesis by STEVEN KIRK BANE Approved as to style and content by: John Canup (Chair...

  10. The Cavalier Image in the Civil War and the Southern Mind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allgood, Colt

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    with the regular cavalry under General J. E. B. Stuart, left the main army with a handful of men to begin operations in northern Virginia. In his memoir, Mosby stated that his purpose was to ?threaten and harass the enemy on the border and in this way compel him... during the war, and J. E. B. Stuart, a notable Virginia cavalry general, openly supported partisan operations. They continued the American tradition of irregular warfare begun during the American War for Independence, when Henry ?Light-Horse Harry...

  11. Glossary on the environmental impact of a nuclear war. Technical note

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verstraete, M.M.

    1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The glossary defines a number of words, expressions, and acronyms used in the description of the impact of nuclear war on the environment, and associated issues. Selected additional words related to the problems of armaments, disarmament, and nuclear war in general were also added for convenience, although terms and expressions specifically related to the medical aspects of the problem were not included. The glossary is an enlarged and updated version of the glossary that was published as part of the SCOPE-Enuwar study on the same subject, and published by Wiley (Pittock et al., 1986).

  12. A review of "London's News Press and the Thirty Years War" by Jayne E. E. Boys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenspan, Nicole

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    self-representation and animal representation? Reading this book will give you some answers but it will also increase the number of questions. Jayne E. E. Boys. London?s News Press and the #31;irty Years War. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2011. x + 338 pp.... $99.00. Review by #29;#22;#17;#24;#30;#31; #6;#25;#31;#31;#29;#21;#3;#28;#29;, #16;#28;#7;#3;#8;#31;#29;-#21;#26;#8;#29;#31;#26; #17;#24;#30;#30;#31;#6;#31;. With London?s News Press and the #31;irty Years War, Jayne Boys builds upon the growing...

  13. Is it a Cold or the Flu? -Know the Difference Signs & Symptoms Cold Flu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahon, Bradford Z.

    Rare Usual; high (100.40 F to 1020 F) is typical; lasts 3-4 days Cough Hacking: mild Dry; can become discomfort Mild to moderate; hacking cough Common Treatment Antihistamines Decongestants AdvilÂź (ibuprofen. Avoid close contact with anyone with a cold. Vaccination. Wash your hands. Cover your cough. Stay

  14. Mathematical modeling of cold cap: Effect of bubbling on melting rate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pokorny, Richard; Kruger, Albert A.; Hrma, Pavel R.

    2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The rate of melting is a primary concern in the vitrification of radioactive wastes because it directly influences the life cycle of nuclear waste cleanup efforts. To increase glass melting performance, experimental and industrial all-electric waste glass melters employ various melt-rate enhancement techniques, the most prominent being the application of bubblers submerged into molten glass. This study investigates various ways in which bubbling affects melting rate in a waste glass melter. Using the recently developed cold cap model, we suggest that forced convection of molten glass, which increases the cold cap bottom temperature, is the main factor. Other effects, such as stirring the feed into molten glass or reducing the insulating effect of foaming, also play a role.

  15. Assessment of cold-climate environmental research priorities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    States, J.B.

    1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has consistently recognized that cold regions pose unique environmental problems. This report sets forth the conceptual framework and research plans for several high priority research areas. It provides the fundamental basis for implementation of the EPA Cold-Climate Environmental Research Program. This three- to five-year program encompasses both short- and long-term research of high relevance to the EPA and to the cold regions that it serves.

  16. Farewell to the Ottoman Legacy? Islamic Reformism and Revivalism in Inter-War Bosnia-Herzegovina , in: Nathalie CLAYER / Eric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 « Farewell to the Ottoman Legacy? Islamic Reformism and Revivalism in Inter-War Bosnia-war period in the overall history of Bosnia- Herzegovina is confirmed by the fact that, in the 1960s and 1970s, the increasing assertiveness of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina and the recognition

  17. A Review of "Images Wars: Promoting Kings and Commonwealth in England, 1603-1660" by Kevin Sharpe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nechtman, Tillman

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Atlantic studies. Kevin Sharpe. Images Wars: Promoting Kings and Commonwealth in England, 1603-1660. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010. xvii + 665 pp. $55.00. Review by tillman w. nechtman, skidmore college. Kevin Sharpe?s Image Wars: Promoting Kings...

  18. Hot water can freeze faster than cold?!?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monwhea Jeng

    2005-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We review the Mpemba effect, where intially hot water freezes faster than initially cold water. While the effect appears impossible at first sight, it has been seen in numerous experiments, was reported on by Aristotle, Francis Bacon, and Descartes, and has been well-known as folklore around the world. It has a rich and fascinating history, which culminates in the dramatic story of the secondary school student, Erasto Mpemba, who reintroduced the effect to the twentieth century scientific community. The phenomenon, while simple to describe, is deceptively complex, and illustrates numerous important issues about the scientific method: the role of skepticism in scientific inquiry, the influence of theory on experiment and observation, the need for precision in the statement of a scientific hypothesis, and the nature of falsifiability. We survey proposed theoretical mechanisms for the Mpemba effect, and the results of modern experiments on the phenomenon. Studies of the observation that hot water pipes are more likely to burst than cold water pipes are also described.

  19. Cold-Start Emissions Control in Hybrid Vehicles Equipped with...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Emissions Control in Hybrid Vehicles Equipped with a Passive Adsorber for Hydrocarbons and NOx Cold-Start Emissions Control in Hybrid Vehicles Equipped with a Passive Adsorber for...

  20. COLD BUBBLE FORMATION DURING TOKAMAK DENSITY LIMIT DISRUPTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, John

    COLD BUBBLE FORMATION DURING TOKAMAK DENSITY LIMIT DISRUPTIONS J. HOWARD, M. PERSSON* Plasma Research Laboratory, Research School of Physical Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra

  1. atmospheric cold plasma: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by more than an order of magnitude, which opens up a new regime for ultracold plasma research and cold ion-beam applications with readily available experimental techniques....

  2. Cerro Prieto cold water injection: effects on nearby production wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truesdell, A.H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cooperative program at the Cerro Prieto geothermal field.geothermal system: the Cerro Prieto field, Baja California,cold water entry in the Cerro Prieto geothermal reservoir

  3. Energy-saving strategies with personalized ventilation in cold climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiavon, Stefano; Melikov, Arsen

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of heating, Ventilation and Refrigeration Research,on Cold Climate, Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning,Ventilation Effectiveness, Federation of European Heating

  4. Independent Oversight Review, Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    August 2012 Review of Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility Found Fuel Multi-Canister Overpack Operations This report provides the results of an independent oversight...

  5. Cold Crucible Induction Melter Studies for Making Glass Ceramic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    performed in a pilot-scale (14 scale) cold crucible induction meter (CCIM). Melt viscosity, electrical conductivity, and crystallization behavior upon cooling were measured on...

  6. Tracing And Quantifying Magmatic Carbon Discharge In Cold Groundwaters...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tracing And Quantifying Magmatic Carbon Discharge In Cold Groundwaters- Lessons Learned From Mammoth Mountain, USA Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to...

  7. Gas Composition Transients in the Cold Vacuum Drying (CVD) Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PACKER, M.J.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Calculations with plotted results presented as confirmation bases for selected problems involving the prediction of transient gas compositions during Cold Vacuum Drying Operations.

  8. Data Collection for Improved Cold Temperature Thermal Modeling...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Data Collection for Improved Cold Temperature Thermal Modeling Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise and Engine...

  9. Tank closure reducing grout

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caldwell, T.B.

    1997-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A reducing grout has been developed for closing high level waste tanks at the Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina. The grout has a low redox potential, which minimizes the mobility of Sr{sup 90}, the radionuclide with the highest dose potential after closure. The grout also has a high pH which reduces the solubility of the plutonium isotopes. The grout has a high compressive strength and low permeability, which enhances its ability to limit the migration of contaminants after closure. The grout was designed and tested by Construction Technology Laboratories, Inc. Placement methods were developed by the Savannah River Site personnel.

  10. Post-war Lebanese communities in search of reconciliation Fifteen years have passed already since the Taif conference of October 1989 where some 70 Lebanese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Post-war Lebanese communities in search of reconciliation Fifteen years have passed already since Arabia, Syria and the United States, to put an end to fifteen years of civil war in their country Beirut, or inter-sectarian fighting such as the War of the Mountain between Christian Phalangist Lebanese

  11. Der Lrm war ohrenbetubend: In der Abenddmmerung des 7. November 1969, um exakt 17.52 Uhr Ortszeit, hob von der Wes-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Der Lärm war ohrenbetäubend: In der Abenddämmerung des 7. November 1969, um exakt 17.52 Uhr-off!" Für die versammelten Wissenschaftler und Techniker, die den Start verfolgten, war es das Signal, um die Sektflaschen zu köpfen: AZUR, der erste deutsche Satellit, war nach fast fünfjähriger Bau- zeit

  12. Cold-atom gravimetry with a Bose-Einstein condensate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Debs, J. E.; Altin, P. A.; Barter, T. H.; Doering, D.; Dennis, G. R.; McDonald, G.; Close, J. D.; Robins, N. P. [Australian Centre for Quantum Atom Optics and Department of Quantum Science, Australian National University, Canberra 0200 (Australia); Anderson, R. P. [School of Physics, Monash University, Melbourne 3800 (Australia)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a cold-atom gravimeter operating with a sample of Bose-condensed {sup 87}Rb atoms. Using a Mach-Zehnder configuration with the two arms separated by a two-photon Bragg transition, we observe interference fringes with a visibility of (83{+-}6)% at T=3 ms. We exploit large momentum transfer (LMT) beam splitting to increase the enclosed space-time area of the interferometer using higher-order Bragg transitions and Bloch oscillations. We also compare fringes from condensed and thermal sources and observe a reduced visibility of (58{+-}4)% for the thermal source. We suspect the loss in visibility is caused partly by wave-front aberrations, to which the thermal source is more susceptible due to its larger transverse momentum spread. Finally, we discuss briefly the potential advantages of using a coherent atomic source for LMT, and we present a simple mean-field model to demonstrate that with currently available experimental parameters, interaction-induced dephasing will not limit the sensitivity of inertial measurements using freely falling, coherent atomic sources.

  13. Compressor Selection and Equipment Sizing for Cold Climate Heat Pumps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Bo [ORNL] [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL] [ORNL; Rice, C Keith [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to limit heating capacity degradation at -25 C (-13 F) ambient to 25%, compared to the nominal rating point capacity at 8.3 C (47 F), an extensive array of design and sizing options were investigated, based on fundamental equipment system modeling and building energy simulation. Sixteen equipment design options were evaluated in one commercial building and one residential building, respectively in seven cities. The energy simulation results were compared to three baseline cases: 100% electric resistance heating, a 9.6 HSPF single-speed heat pump unit, and 90% AFUE gas heating system. The general recommendation is that variable-speed compressors and tandem compressors, sized such that their rated heating capacity at a low speed matching the building design cooling load, are able to achieve the capacity goal at low ambient temperatures by over-speeding, for example, a home with a 3.0 ton design cooling load, a tandem heat pump could meet this cooling load running a single compressor, while running both compressors to meet heating load at low ambient temperatures in a cold climate. Energy savings and electric resistance heat reductions vary with building types, energy codes and climate zones. Oversizing a heat pump can result in larger energy saving in a less energy efficient building and colder regions due to reducing electric resistance heating. However, in a more energy-efficient building or for buildings in warmer climates, one has to consider balance between reduction of resistance heat and addition of cyclic loss.

  14. The G8 must fund the war against poverty: JEFFREY SACHS. By JEFFREY SACHS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMENT The G8 must fund the war against poverty: JEFFREY SACHS. By JEFFREY SACHS 768 words 7 June outlays in Iraq and Afghanistan. The G8 should start by remembering its promises. The millennium, the G8 and other signatories urged "developed countries that have not done so to make concrete efforts

  15. Sensor Wars: Detecting and Defending Against Spam Attacks in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Albert

    network are discussed in [7]. Security, network bandwidth and power consumption in sensor networksSensor Wars: Detecting and Defending Against Spam Attacks in Wireless Sensor Networks Serdar Sancak@sabanciuniv.edu Abstract--Anti-nodes deployed inside a wireless sensor network can frequently generate dummy data packets

  16. Linnet: the history and archaeology of a brig from the War of 1812 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washburn, Erika Lea

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the summer of 1995, the hull of the War of 1812 brig Linnet was excavated from the banks of the Poultney River near Whitehall, New York. Linnet is the only known existing Royal Navy hull from the British squadron on Lake Champlain. This brig...

  17. A thousand words: themes and trends in home front poster propaganda of the second world war 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Christopher C.

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    . The various themes and subjects of the posters prove that Hitler was preparing the nation for war. The era of inner-development gave way to the conditioning for action outside Germany’s borders. Militaristic posters began to contain pictures...

  18. NEWASH AND TECUMSETH: ANALYSIS OF TWO POST-WAR OF 1812 VESSELS ON THE GREAT LAKES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Leeanne E.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1953 the tangled, skeletal remains of a ship were pulled from the small harbor of Penetanguishene, Ontario. Local historians had hoped to raise the hull of a War of 1812 veteran, but the vessel pulled from the depths did not meet the criteria...

  19. Love, Sacrifice, and Honor: Warrior Virtues and the American Soldiers’ Experience of World War II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, Benjamin K.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    disposition appears to run contrary to the nature of man. Mingled with stories of the horrors of war, we find reports of heroic warrior virtues: among them love, sacrifice, and honor. To better understand the nature of man as warrior, we must explore...

  20. Signal Dragging: Effects of Terminal Movement on War-Driving in CDMA/WCDMA Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Signal Dragging: Effects of Terminal Movement on War-Driving in CDMA/WCDMA Networks Daehyung Jo1. tjha@radiantech.net Abstract. In cellular networks, the signal pattern reported by a mobile terminal by the terminal movement such as the speed and the moving direction in CDMA/WCDMA networks. When the mobile

  1. BEHIND THE VEIL THE REFORM OF ISLAM IN INTER-WAR ALBANIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    107 BEHIND THE VEIL THE REFORM OF ISLAM IN INTER-WAR ALBANIA OR THE SEARCH FOR A "MODERN" of the country. The dominant role of secularist elites paved the way for the "reform of Islam." This process in the organization and reform of official religious institutions. For example, it interfered in the organization

  2. Tolstoy's Integration Metaphor from War and Peace Author(s): Stephen T. Ahearn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Douglas R.

    nineteenth- centuryEuropeduringthe throes of the Napoleonic Wars.Much of the novel concerns Napoleon Bonaparte'sinvasion of Russia in 1812. In late June of thatyear,Napoleon led the French army across Illarionovich Kutuzov. Napoleon's strategywas to engage the Russian armyquickly andcrushit. The Russian strategy

  3. Completing the work of the guns: presidential rhetoric, national character, and World War II memorials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Rachel Lee

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . TABLE OF CONTENTS. . . . . . . CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. Scope of Study. What Does "American" Mean? Textual Choices. On Viewing Place as Rhetoncal Anchor II THE UNITIES: A METHOD OF RHETORICAL ANALYSIS . . . . . . 3 5 . . 17 . . 19...-DAY ATPOINEDUHOC. . . . . . . . . . 85 Turning Point of the War m Europe: June 6, 1944 . . Ronald Reagan at Pointe du Hoc, 1984. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bill Chnton at Normandy, 1994 Conclusion. . . . . . . . 92 . . . 98 . . 106 V...

  4. Measuring Molecular Motor Forces In Vivo: Implications for Tug-of-War Models of Bidirectional Transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin. University of

    Measuring Molecular Motor Forces In Vivo: Implications for Tug-of-War Models of Bidirectional, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas ABSTRACT Molecular motor proteins use the energy released from the force motors generate amounts to directly probing their function. We report on optical trapping

  5. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Pinch, Handbook of Science and Technology Studies, 393 –and Trevor Pinch, eds. Handbook of Science and Technology

  6. The 1964 Festival of Music of the Americas and Spain: A Critical Examination of Ibero-American Musical Relations in the Context of Cold War Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, Alyson

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rodrigo dies, telling him that Spain will be reborn from theAsturias. All bells of Spain miraculously toll at Rodrigo’s1964): 6. ———. “Bases in Spain. ” The Washington Post, 10

  7. The Cold War Court: a rhetorical analysis of the Supreme Court's debate concerning the American Communist Party in Dennis v. United States, 1951

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carcasson, Martin

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    concerning the judicial rhetoric, the anti-communism debate, and the role of the Supreme Court in the American democracy....

  8. The 1964 Festival of Music of the Americas and Spain: A Critical Examination of Ibero-American Musical Relations in the Context of Cold War Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, Alyson

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the music of Rum-and-Coca- Cola,” Weinstock took pains to15. The phrase “Rum and Coca-Cola” refers to a song madeto offer than cars and Coca-Cola. The tour also contributed

  9. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl. Princeton, NJ:by those injured by the Chernobyl accident in their effortshow those injured by the Chernobyl accident used knowledge

  10. The 1964 Festival of Music of the Americas and Spain: A Critical Examination of Ibero-American Musical Relations in the Context of Cold War Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, Alyson

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, 1970. Del Campo, Ángel. “Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, 1970. Evett, Robert. “NewMinisterio de Educación y Ciencia, 1970. ———. “Ernesto

  11. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reactor technology (for nuclear power) to friendly nations.year. He equated nuclear power to “legalized murder” with

  12. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Safety Laboratory (HASL). 580 Eisenbud attempted to1997). Eisenbud served as HASL Director from 1947 to 1959.

  13. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    outrage about secret humans experiments that had been fundedto become framed as a human experiment. Like the Saengerexposure not as a human experiment, but as an “observational

  14. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as the responsible party for decontamination and radiationresponsibility for decontamination and collection of datapaint remover. These decontamination procedures allowed them

  15. The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkewicz, Laura J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bikini and Enewetak Nuclear Weapons Tests: Summary. ” HealthEnewetak by continued nuclear weapons tests. Subsequently,cancelled because of nuclear weapons tests. Both groups were

  16. INFRARED THERMAL IMAGING OF AUTOMOBILES: Identification of Cold Start Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    INFRARED THERMAL IMAGING OF AUTOMOBILES: Identification of Cold Start Vehicles Angela M. Monateri emitters, even thought they have no repairable fault. This study investigates the use of thermal infrared be differentiated from hot vehicles by infrared imaging, which can distinguish between: ·Hot and cold exhaust system

  17. Ductile damage parameters identification for cold metal forming applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Ductile damage parameters identification for cold metal forming applications Pierre damage mechanics is essential to predict failure during cold metal forming applications. Several damage models can be found in the literature. These damage models are coupled with the mechanical behavior so

  18. A constitutive model of cold drawing in polycarbonates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masud, Arif

    A constitutive model of cold drawing in polycarbonates Arif Masud*, Alexander Chudnovsky Department equations to model cold-drawing (necking) in polycarbonates (PC). The model is based on a representation) are presented to simulate this process in polycarbonates. The isochoric con- straint during double glass

  19. Ground-Source Heat Pumps in Cold Climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Diane

    Ground-Source Heat Pumps in Cold Climates The Current State of the Alaska Industry, a Review-Source Heat Pumps in Cold Climates The Current State of the Alaska Industry, a Review of the Literature and contributions from individuals and organizations involved in ground-source heat pump installation around Alaska

  20. Student attitudes toward the threat of nuclear war: Friends as influential reference persons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marasch, M.J.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A renewed interest in research into the psychology of the threat of nuclear war occurred in the past decade as national attention focused increasingly on the arms race between the US and the USSR. Some of this research began the task of exploring the social influences upon attitudes and responses to the nuclear threat. Research on friends as potential influences upon nuclear attitudes was minimal. The present study investigated the role of college friends as potential reference persons in the formation of nuclear attitudes. A battery of questionnaires addressing various nuclear war and non-nuclear war attitudes was completed by 200 student-friend dyads from introductory psychology and sociology courses at the University of North Dakota. Three hypotheses were presented in this study. One hypothesis was that students would perceive their friends as having similar attitudes toward the threat of nuclear war. A second hypothesis was that the actual attitudes between pairs of students and friends would be similar. The third hypothesis was that the attitudes would have become more similar over the course of the development of the friendship (as measured retrospectively). The first hypothesis was borne out by the data. The second and third hypotheses were not supported. There are several implications of the findings. One implication is that the nuclear issue may not be as salient to college students as other, more immediate, issues. Another implication is that a relative lack of communication between college students on political issues precludes more effective mutual influence upon the development and change of such attitudes. A false consensus bias appeared to be operative when the students perceived that their attitudes were similar. Further discussion is presented in regard to past and future psychological research upon nuclear war attitudes.