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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Recovery Act Workers Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites, Help Reduce Cold War Footprint  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recovery Act Workers Recovery Act Workers Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites, Help Reduce Cold War Footprint RICHLAND, Wash. - The Hanford Site is looking greener these days after American Recovery and Reinvestment Act workers revegetated 166 acres across 12 waste sites, planting over 1,100 pounds of seeds and about 280,000 pounds of mulch. The largest of the sites, known as the BC Control Area, is an approximately 13-square-mile area associated with a waste disposal system used during Hanford operations. Recovery Act workers remediated and reseeded a densely contaminated 140- acre portion of that area after disposing of more than 370,000 tons of contaminated soil. Recovery Act workers employed by DOE contractor CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company have remediated 61 waste sites,

2

The Cold War and American Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American historians who have studied the Cold War have usually focused upon either the events on the international scene which gave rise to tensions or on the policies and rhetoric of national political leaders such as ...

Marden, David L.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Cold War Entanglements of Social ANDY BYFORD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature, edited by Mark Solovey.byford@durham.ac.uk # 2013 Process Press #12;period of its institutional development. It denotes that the Cold War was more of the `militarization' of US social science in this era (Robin, 2001), but a much broader exploration of the complex

Solovey, Mark

4

The Cold War is Over. What Now?  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

As you might imagine, the end of the Cold War has elicited an intense reexamination of the roles and missions of institutions such as the Los Alamos National Laboratory. During the past few years, the entire defense establishment has undergone substantial consolidation, with a concomitant decrease in support for research and development, including in areas such as materials. The defense industry is down-sizing at a rapid pace. Even universities have experienced significant funding cutbacks from the defense community. I view this as a profound time in history, bringing changes encompassing much more than just the defense world. In fact, support for science and technology is being reexamined across the board more completely than at any other time since the end of World War II.

Hecker, S. S.

1995-04-00T23:59:59.000Z

5

Laboratory's role in Cold War nuclear weapons testing program...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

70th anniversary lecture Laboratory's role in Cold War nuclear weapons testing program focus of next 70th anniversary lecture Lab's role in the development of nuclear weapons...

6

ROSEE cleans up after the Cold War  

SciTech Connect

This article describes a robot named ROSEE, designed by engineers at the DOE's Hanford site to minimize the risk of radiation exposure to workers cleaning up to residue left by America's manufacture of nuclear weapons. ROSEE is the acronym for Remotely Operated Sediment Extraction Equipment, a robot designed to vacuum sediment and debris from a nuclear fuels storage pool at the Department of Energy's Hanford nuclear waste storage site in Richland, Wash. The task facing ROSEE involves cleaning out the N basin at Hanford. Work is schedules to begin before the fall. The basin houses nuclear fuel refined during 24 years of the Cold War era. This water-filled structure is 24 feet deep, 87 feet long, and 56 feet wide, approximately three times larger than an Olympic-size swimming pool. Nuclear fuel was contained in honeycomb cells mounted 1 inch from the bottom of the pool. The cells rise 10 feet from the bottom of the basin, and each cell is 21 inches deep and 14 inches wide. The cells now hold radioactive residues that must be removed for final safe disposal.

Valenti, M.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

EM's December Newsletter Recaps Cold War Cleanup Accomplishments in 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EM's December Newsletter Recaps Cold War Cleanup Accomplishments EM's December Newsletter Recaps Cold War Cleanup Accomplishments in 2013 EM's December Newsletter Recaps Cold War Cleanup Accomplishments in 2013 December 24, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - On Dec. 19, EM completed demolition of the 4.8 million-square-foot Building K-25 at Oak Ridge, a milestone that capped a busy and successful 2013 for the Cold War cleanup program. The demolition was one of EM's most significant achievements this year, and it is captured in this newsletter issue along with dozens of other notable accomplishments across the EM complex. Read about EM's productive year, including cleanup of buildings and waste sites along the Columbia River in Washington state, progress in the disposition of transuranic waste at Idaho and other sites and preparations for a major demolition at the West Valley

8

Deterrence, disarmament, and post-cold war stability: Enhancing security for both ``haves`` and ``have nots``  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines possible developments in nuclear disarmament resulting from the end of the Cold War.

Lehman, R. F. II

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demolition begins of cold War-Era buildings Demolition begins of cold War-Era buildings Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings More than 165,000 square feet of former research, production, and office buildings will be demolished. December 1, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact Communications Office

10

Summer Fellow Explores EM's Cold War Cleanup | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Summer Fellow Explores EM's Cold War Cleanup Summer Fellow Explores EM's Cold War Cleanup Summer Fellow Explores EM's Cold War Cleanup November 26, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Maine Maritime Academy senior Jared Woods learned about nuclear waste management issues at EM. Maine Maritime Academy senior Jared Woods learned about nuclear waste management issues at EM. WASHINGTON, D.C. - Jared Woods graduates from the Maine Maritime Academy (MMA) next month with the experience of an adventurous summer as a fellow in the DOE Scholars Program, an opportunity to explore the agency's careers and learn about its mission and operations. Assigned to EM's Washington, D.C. headquarters, Woods gained knowledge about nuclear safety and waste treatment under the guidance of EM Office of Safety Management Director Todd Lapointe, who graduated from MMA in 1987.

11

Summer Fellow Explores EM's Cold War Cleanup | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Summer Fellow Explores EM's Cold War Cleanup Summer Fellow Explores EM's Cold War Cleanup Summer Fellow Explores EM's Cold War Cleanup November 26, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Maine Maritime Academy senior Jared Woods learned about nuclear waste management issues at EM. Maine Maritime Academy senior Jared Woods learned about nuclear waste management issues at EM. WASHINGTON, D.C. - Jared Woods graduates from the Maine Maritime Academy (MMA) next month with the experience of an adventurous summer as a fellow in the DOE Scholars Program, an opportunity to explore the agency's careers and learn about its mission and operations. Assigned to EM's Washington, D.C. headquarters, Woods gained knowledge about nuclear safety and waste treatment under the guidance of EM Office of Safety Management Director Todd Lapointe, who graduated from MMA in 1987.

12

Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21, 2011 21, 2011 Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin AIKEN, S.C. - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act workers re- cently cleaned up a second basin containing coal ash residues from Cold War operations at the Savannah River Site (SRS). About $24 million from the Recovery Act funded the environmental restoration project, allowing SRS to complete the project at least five years ahead of schedule. The work is part of a larger Recovery Act cleanup of the P Area scheduled for completion by the end of September 2011. The bulk of that cleanup involves deactivating and decommissioning a nuclear materials production reactor that occu- pies more than 300,000 square feet of space. The P Area cleanup will reduce the Cold War footprint by 31 square

13

American racism and African diplomats: race and American Cold War policy in West Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American society. The interconnectedness between Cold War ideology and civil rights increased during the 1960s. Cold War tensions escalated and the American government became increasingly concerned about the effect of racial strife on the country's image...

Oriabure, Stephannie Ebhota

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

SciTech Connect: On the Front Lines of the Cold War Los Alamos...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

On the Front Lines of the Cold War Los Alamos 1970-1992 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: On the Front Lines of the Cold War Los Alamos 1970-1992 On the Front Lines of the...

15

-The Bubble Chamber -http://thebubblechamber.org -Review: Cold War Social Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[1] - The Bubble Chamber - http://thebubblechamber.org - Review: Cold War Social Science Posted assume that all developments in the social sciences during the Cold War period can be The Bubble Chamber

Solovey, Mark

16

BOOK REVIEW Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BOOK REVIEW Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature, 2012. Reviewed by Paul Erickson, Wesleyan University Taken together, these two important books make intriguing statements about the way to write the histories of fields like psychology, sociology, anthropology

Solovey, Mark

17

Manhattan Project: The Cold War, 1945-1990  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

West Berliner talks to the East, Berlin Wall, November 1962 THE COLD WAR West Berliner talks to the East, Berlin Wall, November 1962 THE COLD WAR (1945-1990) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Joseph Stalin (with Vyacheslav Molotov), February 1945 The postwar organization of atomic energy took place against the backdrop of growing tension with the Soviet Union. Relations between the United States and the Soviet Union had been strained ever since the revolution of 1917 had first brought communists to power in Russia. This mutual distrust further deepened following the Soviet "non-aggression" treaty with Nazi Germany in August 1939 and the Soviet Union's subsequent invasions of Poland, Finland, and the Baltic Republics. Although Britain was allied with the Soviet Union following Germany's June 1941 invasion of Russia, as was the United States in the aftermath of Pearl Harbor, mutual suspicion lingered throughout the Second World War. The failure of the United States and Britain to tell the Soviet Union about the atomic bomb in anything other than the most vague terms only heightened the extreme suspicions of the Soviet dictator, Joseph Stalin (right). Not only did the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki help end the Second World War, but they also played a role in setting the stage for the half-century of conflict with the Soviet Union that followed it -- the Cold War.

18

SAVANNAH RIVER SITE COLD WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION NARRATIVE AND PHOTOGRAPHY CMX AND TNX SAVANNAH RIVER'S PILOT PLANTS Aiken County, South Carolina SAVANNAH RIVER SITE COLD WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION CMX AND TNX CMX AND TNX SA SA V V ANNAH RIVER'S ANNAH RIVER'S PILOT PLANTS PILOT PLANTS Aiken County, South Carolina NARRATIVE AND PHOTOGRAPHY ii ABSTRACT This documentation was prepared in accordance with a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) signed by the Department of Energy-Savannah River (DOE-SR) and the South Carolina Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) dated February 27, 2003, as well as the Consolidated MOA of August 2004. The MOA stipulated a thematic study and photographic documentation of 679-T and 678-T, known respectively as the CMX and TNX buildings. Initially, this area was called the CMX-TNX

19

DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment October 3, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment CARLSBAD, N.M. - The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) received its

20

DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment October 3, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment DOE ACHIEVES MAJOR COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE CLEANUP MILESTONE: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment CARLSBAD, N.M. - The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) received its

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Idaho Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication Idaho Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication January 22, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis The Society of American Military Engineers focuses on the Idaho site’s environmental cleanup in the latest issue of its publication, The Military Engineer. This photo of the Engineering Test Reactor, which was decommissioned and demolished at the Idaho site, is featured in the story. The Society of American Military Engineers focuses on the Idaho site's environmental cleanup in the latest issue of its publication, The Military Engineer. This photo of the Engineering Test Reactor, which was decommissioned and demolished at the Idaho site, is featured in the story. The Society of American Military Engineers highlights this Idaho site photo on the cover of the latest issue of its publication, The Military Engineer. In the photo, work is under way to move spent nuclear fuel from wet storage to the safer, more permanent alternative of dry storage.

22

Idaho Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Idaho Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication Idaho Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication Idaho Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication January 22, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis The Society of American Military Engineers focuses on the Idaho site’s environmental cleanup in the latest issue of its publication, The Military Engineer. This photo of the Engineering Test Reactor, which was decommissioned and demolished at the Idaho site, is featured in the story. The Society of American Military Engineers focuses on the Idaho site's environmental cleanup in the latest issue of its publication, The Military Engineer. This photo of the Engineering Test Reactor, which was decommissioned and demolished at the Idaho site, is featured in the story. The Society of American Military Engineers highlights this Idaho site photo on the cover of the latest issue of its publication, The Military Engineer. In the photo, work is under way to move spent nuclear fuel from wet storage to the safer, more permanent alternative of dry storage.

23

Three Minutes to Midnight: Civil Defense in the Late Cold War Period.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines civil defense in the United States under the Nixon, Carter and Reagan administrations. Throughout the late Cold War period civil defense policy (more)

Donelson, Brendan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Menace of Power: Russia-NATO Relations in the Post-Cold War Era.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis explores Russia-NATO relations after the Cold War. It focuses on how state power and perceived threat affect balance of power in Europe. The (more)

Chen, Ping-Kuei

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Mark Solovey; Hamilton Cravens, eds. Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mark Solovey; Hamilton Cravens, eds. Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Nature by Mark Solovey; Hamilton Cravens Review by: Greg Eghigian Isis, Vol. 104, No. 2 (June 2013), pp. BUERKI Mark Solovey; Hamilton Cravens (Editors). Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal

Solovey, Mark

26

Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin American Recovery and Reinvestment Act workers recently cleaned up a second basin containing coal ash residues from Cold War operations at the Savannah River Site (SRS). About $24 million from the Recovery Act funded the environmental restoration project, allowing SRS to complete the project at least five years ahead of schedule. The work is part of a larger Recovery Act cleanup of the P Area scheduled for completion by the end of September 2011. Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin More Documents & Publications Recovery Act Workers Complete Environmental Cleanup of Coal Ash Basin Recovery Act Workers Add Time Capsule Before Sealing Reactor for Hundreds

27

The Cold War ends ... now what? | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Cold War ends ... now ... The Cold War ends ... now ... The Cold War ends ... now what? Posted: February 7, 2013 - 6:07pm | Y-12 Report | Volume 9, Issue 2 | 2013 Y-12 machined precise finished surfaces (mirrors) in the 1970s. Precision machining capabilities like this helped give the U.S. an edge during the Cold War. If you met former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, what would you ask him? Y-12 Facility Specialist Martha Polston had the rare opportunity to meet Gorbachev a decade after the Soviet Union had formally dissolved in 1991 and the Cold War had ended. "Meeting him face to face was a true privilege," she said. "The intensity of his personality is commanding, yet he is approachable. He seemed to genuinely embrace his role as a 'statesman' after having to let go of the 'power' of world leader."

28

Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin American Recovery and Reinvestment Act workers recently cleaned up a second basin containing coal ash residues from Cold War operations at the Savannah River Site (SRS). About $24 million from the Recovery Act funded the environmental restoration project, allowing SRS to complete the project at least five years ahead of schedule. The work is part of a larger Recovery Act cleanup of the P Area scheduled for completion by the end of September 2011. Recovery Act Workers Accomplish Cleanup of Second Cold War Coal Ash Basin More Documents & Publications EIS-0220: Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0220: Final Environmental Impact Statement

29

Major Cold War Cleanup Milestone Reached at the Savannah River Site |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Major Cold War Cleanup Milestone Reached at the Savannah River Site Major Cold War Cleanup Milestone Reached at the Savannah River Site Major Cold War Cleanup Milestone Reached at the Savannah River Site March 29, 2012 - 10:37am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today, the Energy Department announced it has reached a major milestone in the Department's efforts to clean up the Cold War legacy at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina, laying the groundwork for closing two underground storage tanks that previously held radioactive liquid waste from nuclear weapons production at SRS. The determination signed by Energy Secretary Steven Chu paves the way for SRS to begin closing the massive tanks that make up the F Tank Farm. The site will start this year by closing two tanks that pose the greatest risk to the environment - Tanks 18 and 19. These tank closures will be the first

30

The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup Milestone The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup Milestone September 28, 2011 - 8:54am Addthis CARLSBAD, NM - The U.S. Department of Energy today announced that the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) received its 10,000th shipment of transuranic (TRU) waste over the weekend. This marks an important milestone in DOE's mission to clean up the country's Cold War legacy. "This accomplishment reflects the hard work and dedication of our workers and contractors," said Energy Secretary Steven Chu. "It also demonstrates the Department's commitment to future generations as we continue our cleanup mission as safely and quickly as possible." The 10,000th shipment, which consisted of defense-generated contact-handled

31

Idaho Site Completes Demolition of Cold War-era Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Completes Demolition of Cold War-era Nuclear Fuel Completes Demolition of Cold War-era Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Facility Idaho Site Completes Demolition of Cold War-era Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Facility December 22, 2011 - 11:12am Addthis Media Contact Erik Simpson (208) 360-0426 A gravel mound, larger than half a city block and several feet thick, is the only visible feature that remains at the site of a Cold War-era spent nuclear fuel reprocessing facility at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho site. About $44 million in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds helped Idaho Cleanup Project crews accelerate the demolition of the facility that during its 40 years of operation recovered more than $1 billion worth of uranium. "The ability to retain our highly skilled workforce was a huge contributor to the success of this project," said Idaho Cleanup Project

32

Major Cold War Cleanup Milestone Reached at the Savannah River Site |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Major Cold War Cleanup Milestone Reached at the Savannah River Site Major Cold War Cleanup Milestone Reached at the Savannah River Site Major Cold War Cleanup Milestone Reached at the Savannah River Site March 29, 2012 - 10:37am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today, the Energy Department announced it has reached a major milestone in the Department's efforts to clean up the Cold War legacy at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina, laying the groundwork for closing two underground storage tanks that previously held radioactive liquid waste from nuclear weapons production at SRS. The determination signed by Energy Secretary Steven Chu paves the way for SRS to begin closing the massive tanks that make up the F Tank Farm. The site will start this year by closing two tanks that pose the greatest risk to the environment - Tanks 18 and 19. These tank closures will be the first

33

LANL Reaches Waste Shipment Milestone: Waste from Cold War-era weapons  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reaches Waste Shipment Milestone: Waste from Cold War-era Reaches Waste Shipment Milestone: Waste from Cold War-era weapons production being shipped to WIPP LANL Reaches Waste Shipment Milestone: Waste from Cold War-era weapons production being shipped to WIPP May 31, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Fred deSousa 505-665-3430 fdesousa@lanl.gov LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico - Los Alamos National Laboratory has reached an important milestone in its campaign to ship transuranic (TRU) waste from Cold War-era nuclear operations to the U.S. Department of Energy's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, New Mexico. This month, the Lab surpassed 100,000 plutonium-equivalent curies of TRU waste shipped to WIPP, about one-third of the Lab's total. The waste, sent from LANL to WIPP in more than 750 shipments since 1999,

34

U. S. Department of Energy Savannah River Operations Office - SRS Cold War  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SRS Cold War Historic Preservation SRS Cold War Historic Preservation SRS Cold War Historic Preservation Background on SRS Cold War Historic Preservation Background: The National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) of 1966, as amended through 2000, requires that all Federal agencies consider the impacts to historic properties in all their undertakings, such as accelerated clean up. DOE-SR has been consulting with the South Carolina State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) on NHPA. SHPO is the implementing agency for NHPA in South Carolina. Compliance with NHPA is usually done in three steps: 1) inventory resources; 2) evaluate for National Register eligibility; and 3) avoid or mitigate effects to historic properties. DOE-SR inventoried 732 facilities, all of which were constructed between 1950 and 1989. Two hundred and thirty-two SRS structures are considered

35

Insiders and outsiders : nuclear arms control experts in Cold War America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation presents a history of the community of nuclear arms control experts in the United States during the middle and later years of the Cold War, the age of thermonuclear ballistic missiles. Arms control experts ...

Wilson, Benjamin Tyler

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Former Laboratory scientist discusses his perspective on the Cold War in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Former Lab scientist discusses his perspective on the Cold War Former Lab scientist discusses his perspective on the Cold War Former Laboratory scientist discusses his perspective on the Cold War in 70th anniversary talk John C. Hopkins will discuss the role of and rationale for nuclear weapons from the Manhattan Project in the 1940s to the last nuclear test in Nevada in 1992. November 7, 2013 John C. Hopkins John C. Hopkins Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email "I believe that the teams at Los Alamos, Livermore and Sandia and the entire nuclear weapons complex, deserve a resounding 'well done' for their contributions to world peace," Hopkins said. Next-to-last presentation in yearlong series at Bradbury Science Museum LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 7, 2013-John C. Hopkins, former associate director

37

SAVANNAH RIVER SITE COLD WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WAR WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION 700/A AREA Aiken County, South Carolina 6150 East Ponce de Leon Avenue Stone Mountain, Georgia 30083 700/A AREA SITE ADMINISTRATION, SAFETY, SECURITY, AND SUPPORT NEW SOUTH ASSOCIATES ii ABSTRACT This documentation was prepared in accordance with a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) signed by the Department of Energy-Savannah River (DOE-SR) and the South Carolina Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) dated February 17, 2004, as well as the Consolidated MOA of August 2004. The MOA stipulated that a thematic study and photographic documentation be undertaken on A Area historic properties 703-A and 708-A. In addition, a Cultural Resource Management Plan was accepted and signed by DOE-SR and the SHPO on December 9, 2004 calling for documentation of the remainder

38

Curriculum Evolution at Air Command and Staff College in the Post-Cold War Era  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This qualitative study used a historical research method to eliminate the gap in the historical knowledge of Air Command and Staff College (ACSC) curriculum evolution in the post-Cold War era. This study is the only known analysis of the forces...

Donovan, William Robert

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

39

Making American: Constitutive Rhetoric in the Cold War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, claiming that his behavior was directly opposed to everything America stood for. At the heart of so much of the rhetorical bullying was this idea of ?American.? Nobody could decide what it meant or who had the most of it. Was it more American... Rhetoric Reconsidered: Constitutive Paradoxes in G.W. Bush?s Iraq War Speeches.? Zagacki focuses on the idea of ?prophetic dualism? that he claims guided Bush?s rhetoric to the American people in an attempt to create identification between Americans...

Thorpe, Martha

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

40

Prisoners of War-Cold War Allies: The Anglo-American Relationship with Wehrmacht Generals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to becoming an active belligerent, however, the Americans had served as the protecting power for the war prisoners of Germany, Austria-Hungary, France, Great Britain and Russia. In this capacity, American officials inspected the camps of these respective.... 9 Consequently, the United States returned these men to British custody in 1946 rather than repatriating them directly to Germany, causing a great deal of resentment among the prisoners.16 Despite these postwar complications, the two Allies...

Mallett, Derek Ray

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Cold war historic properties of the 21st Space Wing Air Force Space Command  

SciTech Connect

A Legacy-funded inventory and evaluation of facilities dating to the Cold War era was conducted for the USAF 21{sup ST} Space Wing (AFSPC). The mission of the Wing includes early warning of missile launches and detection and tracking of space objects. The political and military strategic context for these facilities was developed through an overview of Cold War history, subdivided into four major periods: (1) origins of the conflict, (2) confrontation and crisis, (3) sustained superpower balance based on mutual deterrence, and (4) renewed confrontation and collapse of the Soviet Union. The enormous importance of early warning systems in maintaining the balance of power between the USA and the Soviet Union is discussed in more detail as a subset of the general context of the Cold War history to provide additional background for evaluating the 21{sup ST} Space Wing systems. In addition, a history of each installation was prepared and placed in the context of the broader history of the Cold War. For instance, the effort to develop a credible nuclear threat in the early 1950s is represented by the construction of Thule AB as a forward bomber base in 1951. The growing concern with a Soviet ICBM threat in the late 1950s is reflected in the construction of BMEWS at Thule AB and Clear AS during 1958-1961. Development of an antiballistic missile (ABM) system, subsequently abandoned during the 1970s, is represented by the Safeguard System at Cavalier AS. The U.S. response to the Soviet submarine-launched missile capability during the 1970s is embodied in the deployment of phased-array radar systems to cover the ocean flanks of North America at Cape Cod AS (and later at Eldorado AS). The establishment of AFSPC at Peterson AFB in 1982 reflects the increased strategic importance of space in the later phases of the Cold War. A set of recommendations regarding NRHP eligibility and management of Cold War historic properties was developed as part of the inventory.

Hoffecker, J.F.; Whorton, M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Buechler, C.R. [Peterson, AFB, CO (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Laboratory's role in Cold War nuclear weapons testing program focus of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

70th anniversary lecture 70th anniversary lecture Laboratory's role in Cold War nuclear weapons testing program focus of next 70th anniversary lecture Lab's role in the development of nuclear weapons during the Cold War period will be discussed by Byron Ristvet of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency. September 5, 2013 This photograph captures the expanding fireball of the world's first full-scale hydrogen bomb test, Ivy-Mike, which was conducted Oct. 31, 1952. This photograph captures the expanding fireball of the world's first full-scale hydrogen bomb test, Ivy-Mike, which was conducted Oct. 31, 1952. Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email "Los Alamos National Laboratory's role in conjunction with the Department of Defense in meeting this challenge with new nuclear weapon

43

Idaho site completes demolition of Cold War-era nuclear fuel reprocessing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

doe logo CH2M-WG logo Joint News Release For Immediate Release Date: December 22, 2011 Media Contact: Erik Simpson, (208) 360-0426 Idaho site completes demolition of Cold War-era nuclear fuel reprocessing facility A gravel mound, larger than half a city block and several feet thick, is the only visible feature that remains at the site of a Cold War-era spent nuclear fuel reprocessing facility at the U.S. Department of Energy�s Idaho site. About $44 million in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds helped Idaho Cleanup Project crews accelerate the demolition of the facility that during its 40 years of operation recovered more than $1 billion worth of uranium. �The ability to retain our highly skilled workforce was a huge contributor to the success of this project,� said Idaho Cleanup Project

44

The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Media Contact: (208) 586-4940 For Immediate Release: September 28, 2011 The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup Milestone Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives 10,000th Shipment CARLSBAD, NM - The U.S. Department of Energy today announced that the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) received its 10,000th shipment of transuranic (TRU) waste over the weekend. This marks an important milestone in DOE�s mission to clean up the country�s Cold War legacy. "This accomplishment reflects the hard work and dedication of our workers and contractors," said Energy Secretary Steven Chu. "It also demonstrates the Department�s commitment to future generations as we continue our cleanup mission as safely and quickly as possible."

45

Mitigation of Selected Hanford Site Manhattan Project and Cold War Era Artifacts  

SciTech Connect

This document is the first time that Manhattan Project and Cold War era artifacts from the Hanford Site have been assembled within a publication. The publication presents photographic and written documentation of a number of Manhattan Project and Cold War era artifacts that were identified and tagged during assessment walk throughs of historic buildings on the Hanford Site but which could not be curated within the Hanford collection because they were too large for long-term storage and/or exhibit purposes or were radiologically contaminated. The significance of the artifacts in this publication and a proposed future appendix is based not on the individual significance of any single artifact but on their collective contribution to the science and engineering of creating plutonium and advancing nuclear technology in nuclear fuel and power.

Kennedy, Ellen P.; Harvey, David W.

2006-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

46

The divergence of the U.S. alliance solidarity: new relationships with South Korea and Japan after the Cold War.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The United States alliance with South Korea and Japan faced new challenges in the post-Cold War period. The recent tendency shows that U.S.-South Korea alliance (more)

Seo, Mooyoul

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Out of the Closed World: how the Computer Revolution helped to End the Cold War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intuitive Science of Thermonuclear War. Harvard UniversityHerman Kahn, author of On Thermonuclear War (1960), with hisIntuitive Science of Thermonuclear War. Harvard University

Skinner, Rebecca Elizabeth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

The Army before last military transformation and the impact of nuclear weapons on the US Army during the early Cold War .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis analyzes the impact of nuclear weapon on the doctrine and force structure of the US Army during the Early Cold War (1947-1957). It (more)

Kinman, Bret C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

TRASH TO TREASURE: CONVERTING COLD WAR LEGACY WASTE INTO WEAPONS AGAINST CANCER  

SciTech Connect

As part of its commitment to clean up Cold War legacy sites, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has initiated an exciting and unique project to dispose of its inventory of uranium-233 (233U) stored at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and extract isotopes that show great promise in the treatment of deadly cancers. In addition to increasing the supply of potentially useful medical isotopes, the project will rid DOE of a nuclear concern and cut surveillance and security costs. For more than 30 years, DOE's ORNL has stored over 1,200 containers of fissile 233U, originally produced for several defense-related projects, including a pilot study that looked at using 233U as a commercial reactor fuel. This uranium, designated as special nuclear material, requires expensive security, safety, and environmental controls. It has been stored at an ORNL facility, Building 3019A, that dates back to the Manhattan Project. Down-blending the material to a safer form, rather than continuing to store it, will eliminate a $15 million a year financial liability for the DOE and increase the supply of medical isotopes by 5,700 percent. During the down-blending process, thorium-229 (229Th) will be extracted. The thorium will then be used to extract actinium-225 (225Ac), which will ultimately supply its progeny, bismuth-213 (213Bi), for on-going cancer research. The research includes Phase II clinical trials for the treatment of acute myelogenous leukemia at Sloan-Kettering Memorial Cancer Center in New York, as well as other serious cancers of the lungs, pancreas, and kidneys using a technique known as alpha-particle radioimmunotherapy. Alpha-particle radioimmunotherapy is based on the emission of alpha particles by radionuclides. 213Bi is attached to a monoclonal antibody that targets specific cells. The bismuth then delivers a high-powered but short-range radiation dose, effectively killing the cancerous cells but sparing the surrounding tissue. Production of the actinium and bismuth would be a private venture at no cost to the government. Isotek Systems, LLC, was commissioned by the DOE to execute the project, known as the 233U Disposition, Medical Isotope Production, and Building 3019 Complex Shutdown Project. Isotek is a partnership between Duratek Federal Services, Burns and Roe Enterprises, and Nuclear Fuel Services. By pooling their pioneering experiences in nuclear engineering and design, nuclear recycling, and waste management, the partnership has developed a novel process to meet this clean-up milestone. The project is not only important for its cancer treatment potential, but also for setting the stage for reducing global threats through the down-blending of materials.

Nicholas, R.G.; Lacy, N.H.; Butz, T.R.; Brandon, N.E.

2004-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

50

Bugs boost Cold War clean-up: Bacteria could scrub uranium from sites contaminated decades ago. updated at midnight GMTtoday is friday, november 14  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the study was contaminated by low levels of uranium from mining residue. The team hopes that the techniqueBugs boost Cold War clean-up: Bacteria could scrub uranium from sites contaminated decades ago boost Cold War clean-up Bacteria could scrub uranium from sites contaminated decades ago. 13 October

Lovley, Derek

51

Bridging the Cold War and the 21st century: chronicling the history of Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

A historical perspective is given for Sandia National Laboratories from its beginnings as a small engineering group at an offshoot of Los Alamos Laboratory to a facility of 7000 people at its main facility in Albuquerque, another 1000 people in Livermore, California and test ranges in Tonopah, Nevada and Kauai, Hawaii. The Sandia army base became the Z division of Los Alamos and $25 million construction program began the structures that would carry out a test program for nuclear weapons during the cold war. Bell System/AT&T stewardship of the site continued from 1949 to 1993, when Martin Marietta (now Lockheed Martin) was chosen as the new contractor. Management decisions, personnel, and political aspects of the Laboratory are presented up to 1997 and forecasts are given for future policy and programs of Sandia.

Mora, C.J.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Nuclear weapons, the end of the cold war, and the future of the international system  

SciTech Connect

The collapse of empires, the overthrow of dynasties, the outbreak of plagues, the onset of revolutions, and even the improvement of the human condition itself - all of these are categories of events, which means that they have happened before and will almost certainly happen again. There are very few occurrences of which it can be said that nothing like them has ever taken place; but surely what took place in the New Mexico desert on July 16, 1945, qualifies as such as occurrence. The first test explosion of an atomic bomb, together with the actual use of that weapon three weeks later against the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, was as sharp a break from the past as any in all of history. Theory had intersected reality to produce a weapon that was regarded at the time as unlike any other that had ever been invented, and that is still so regarded today, almost half a century later. The result, it now appears, has been a fundamental, and possibly permanent, change in human behavior. `The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything save our modes of thinking,` Albert Einstein wrote in 1946, `and thus we drift toward unparalleled catastrophe.` Einstein would have been as surprised as anyone else who lived through the early Cold War years had he known that Nagasaki would be the last occasion upon which atomic weapons would be used in anger for at least the next four and one-half decades, despite the fact that the great geopolitical rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union would drag on throughout that length of time. History is full of unexpected developments, but few have been as completely unexpected as that the great powers would produce some 70,000 nuclear weapons between the end of World War II and the present day, without a single one of them having been used. Perfecting the ultimate instrument of war had made the ancient institution of war, for the first time in history, obsolete. Or so it would appear. 23 refs.

Gaddis, J.L. [Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

53

After the fall: revisioning the Cold War - a report on the XVIIth IAMHIST conference, July 25-31, 1997, Salisbury, MD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The conservative view surfaced in the plenary panel, ?The Cold War and Communism: Updating the Historiography,? chaired by Peter Rollins of Oklahoma State University. Rollins has long been critical of the liberal media. As a consultant for the Accuracy...

Tibbetts, John C.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Fehner and Gosling, Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Testing, 1951-1963. Battlefield of the Cold War: The Nevada Test Site, Volume I  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Terrence R. Fehner and F.G. Gosling. Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Testing, 1951-1963. Battlefield of the Cold War: The Nevada Test Site, Volume I (pdf). DOE/MA-0003. Washington, D.C.: Department of...

55

Energy security in the post-Cold War era: Identifying future courses for crises  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses US energy security in the post-Cold War era for a conference on energy security jointly sponsored by the Department of Energy and the National Defense University. It examines the evolving nature of energy security based on analysis of past crisis-inducing events and-discusses potentially important geopolitical, environmental, regulatory, and economic developments during the next twenty-five years. The paper steps beyond the traditional economic focus of energy security issues to examine the interplay between fundamental economic and technical drivers on the one hand, and political, environmental, and perceptual phenomena, on the other hand, that can combine to create crises where none were expected. The paper expands on the premise that the recent demise of the Soviet Union and other changing world conditions have created a new set of energy dynamics, and that it is imperative that the United States revise its energy security perspective accordingly. It proceeds by reviewing key factors that comprise the concepts of ``energy security`` and ``energy crisis`` and how they may fit into the new world energy security equation. The study also presents a series of crisis scenarios that could develop during the next twenty-five years, paying particular attention to mechanisms and linked crisis causes and responses. It concludes with a discussion of factors that may serve to warn analysts and decision makers of impending future crises conditions. The crisis scenarios contained in this report should be viewed only as a representative sample of the types of situations that could occur. They serve to illustrate the variety of factors that can coalesce to produce a ``crisis.``

Freund, M.T.; Wise, J.A.; Ulibarri, C.A.; Shaw, B.R.; Seely, H.E.; Roop, J.M.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Status of Environmental Management Initiatives to Accelerate the Reduction of Environmental Risks and Challenges Posed by the Legacy of the Cold War  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Report to Congress was prepared pursuant to section 3130 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2008, and summarized the EM program and initiatives to accelerate the reduction of environmental risks and challenges posed by the legacy of the Cold War.

57

Power, policy and war : explaining the Iran-Iraq War.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The failure of traditional analytical tools in successfully predicting the end of the Cold War has seen a series of competing methods seeking to explain (more)

Donovan, Jerome Denis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Colds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Colds Colds Name: John Smith Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: What causes colds and how can they be cured? Replies: Colds are caused by a virus (rhinovirus) that invades the membranes of the nose and trachea (the windpipe). The symptoms that we call a "cold" are mostly the body's attempts to get rid of the virus. There is not a cure for the cold you just wait for the body's immune system (defense system) to get rid of the virus. You can treat the symptoms, though aspirin for fever, antihistamines to clear up congestion in the nose, etc. Sometimes, after a bad cold, you can get bronchitis, where bacteria invade the windpipe and lungs because the cold made them more susceptible. This can be treated with antibiotics, which kill bacteria, but not viruses

59

Since 1992--the end of the Cold War--Brazil has been slowly and quietly carving a niche for itself in the international community. Under President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazil embarked on a new direc-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1992--the end of the Cold War--Brazil has been slowly and quietly carving a niche for itself in the international community. Under President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazil embarked on a new direc- tion vis, positioning Brazil as a spokesperson for the global, using the language of solidarity to open new

Botea, Adi

60

The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Nagasaki or nuclear accidents at various nationalthrough nuclear war or nuclear accident. This story, whereMile Island (TMI) nuclear plant accident near Harrisburg,

Harkewicz, Laura J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Testing Program on the Marshall Islands, Testimony of Thomas Lum, Specialist, Asian Affairs Congressional Researchnuclear battles. 243 The Bravo Medical Program was an example of medical researchProgram was important to surviving a nuclear war, and if the public saw research

Harkewicz, Laura J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Integrated Chiller System Reduce Building Operation and Maintenance Costs in Cold Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although water-cooled chillers are more energy efficient than air-cooled chillers, a majority of chilled water systems use air-cooled chillers. In cold weather climates, air-cooled chillers are capable of functioning in low ambient temperatures...

Sheets, N.; Liu, M.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

American prisoner of war policy and practice from the Revolutionary War to the War on Terror  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the Geneva Convention of 1929. This multinational agreement heavily modified international law regarding prisoners and the changes were reflected in some nations? treatment of 5 prisoners during World War II. The chapter also compares the treatment... system for prisoners of future conflicts.5 Immediately after the Vietnam War, A. J. Barker argued that modern war, involving the struggle for survival of competing ideologies, had complicated the problems of POWs and reduced the humanitarian component...

Springer, Paul Joseph

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

64

Recovery Act Workers Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites, Help Reduce  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites, Help Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites, Help Reduce Cold War Footprint Recovery Act Workers Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites, Help Reduce Cold War Footprint The Hanford Site is looking greener these days after American Recovery and Reinvestment Act workers revegetated 166 acres across 12 waste sites, planting over 1,100 pounds of seeds and about 280,000 pounds of mulch. The largest of the sites, known as the BC Control Area, is an approximately 13-square-mile area associated with a waste disposal system used during Hanford operations. Recovery Act Workers Remediate and Restore Former Waste Sites, Help Reduce Cold War Footprint More Documents & Publications 2011 ARRA Newsletters Workers at Hanford Site Achieve Recovery Act Legacy Cleanup Goals Ahead of

65

Thermostat Wars | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermostat Wars Thermostat Wars Thermostat Wars August 3, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy The other day, I was visiting a friend's office and noticed something you may have noticed yourself: his building had a variety of micro-climates, ranging from the furnace hot to the freezing cold. The offices with windows that faced south and west were hottest, while offices with windows facing north and east were cooler-and the offices without windows were, on average, about as comfortable as your refrigerator. This is an artifact of building construction from the early days of air conditioning and central heating. It's "one climate fits all" thinking, which would be fine if every office had identical solar heat gain,

66

Nuclear War  

SciTech Connect

Several chapters in Last Aid warrant the attention of the medical profession. What is known and not known about acute biologic effects following a nuclear explosion is described. The social, physical, and environmental impact of nuclear war on urban population centers is described. How nuclear weapons could affect the composition of the ozone layer and the effects this could have on human survival, including possible interruption of the aquatic ecosystem to produce single-cell organisms for the food cycle, especially seafood is noted.

MacLeod, G.K.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

The Walls Come Tumbling Down: Decontamination and Demolition of 29 Manhattan Project and Cold War-Era Buildings and Structures at Los Alamos National Laboratory-12301  

SciTech Connect

When the nation's top scientists and military leaders converged on Los Alamos, New Mexico in the 1943, to work on the Manhattan Project, the facilities they used to conduct their top-secret work were quickly constructed and located in the middle of what eventually became the Los Alamos town site. After one of these early facilities caught on fire, it seemed wise to build labs and production facilities farther away from the homes of the town's residents. They chose to build facilities on what was then known as Delta Prime (DP) Mesa and called it Technical Area 21, or TA-21. With wartime urgency, a number of buildings were built at TA-21, some in as little as a few months. Before long, DP Mesa was populated with several nondescript metal and cinder-block buildings, including what became, immediately following the war, the world's first plutonium production facility. TA-21 also housed labs that used hazardous chemicals and analyzed americium, tritium and plutonium. TA-21 was a bustling center of research and production for the next several decades. Additional buildings were built there in the 1960's, but by the 1990's many of them had reached the end of their service lives. Labs and offices were moved to newer, more modern buildings. When Los Alamos National Laboratory received $212 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in July 2009 for environmental cleanup projects, about $73 million of the funds were earmarked to decontaminate and demolish 21 of the old buildings at TA-21. Although some D and D of TA-21 buildings was performed in the 1990's, many of the facilities at DP Site remained relatively untouched for nearly three decades following their final operational use. In 2006, there were over three dozen buildings or structures on the mesa to be removed so that soil cleanup could be completed (and the land made available for transfer and reuse). The total footprint of buildings across the mesa was approximately 18,580 m{sup 2} (200,000 ft{sup 2}). The initially approved baseline for the ARRA D and D Project was to remove 22 buildings and structures that included approximately 14,680 m{sup 2} (158,000 ft{sup 2}) of footprint. By employing efficiencies during subcontracting, demolition, and waste segregation, the savings allowed an additional 1,580 m{sup 2} (17,000 ft{sup 2}) of footprint to be removed using ARRA funds. Additionally, the lessons learned from this experience were used to apply NNSA funding to the removal of six additional non-contaminated buildings and structures. In the end, 29 buildings and structures, including stacks, cooling towers and tanks, were removed from the mesa. The entire DP East area was cleared of buildings and sub-grade structures and the soils cleaned to residential standards. The total footprint reduction at TA-21 as a result of this effort was in excess of 17,650 m{sup 2} (190,000 ft{sup 2}). The use of a Laboratory self-performance team to start demolition of non-contaminated structures resulted in steady work performance early in the project while subcontracts were being put in place to perform more complicated abatement and contaminated demolition activities. Most importantly, there were no serious worker injuries and the minor injuries recorded were those common to construction type activities. Extensive monitoring along the site boundary demonstrated that no hazardous chemicals or radioactive contamination were released and radiological dose to the public was negligible. The ARRA demolition activities were completed six months in advance of the deadline for employing ARRA funds. Additionally, over 17,585 m{sup 3} (23,000 yds{sup 3}) of building demolition debris was safely removed from DP Mesa. All of the major buildings have been removed, unencumbered access to the SWMUs that are required to be cleaned up by the Consent Order with the state of New Mexico, has been achieved, and a significant portion of the mesa has been prepared to support a process that will eventually transfer this land from federal government control for further use. (authors)

Chaloupka, Allan B.; Finn, Kevin P.; Parsons, Duane A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Democracy in Africa: After the Cold War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the system to become self sustaining. It is this notion ofand potentially self-sustaining democratic framework. If,

Donahue, Darnell

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Nuclear proliferation after the Cold War  

SciTech Connect

Today, former Soviet republics threaten to gain control over nuclear weapons sited on their territories, and reports on North Korea, Pakistan, India, and Iraq reveal current or recent weapon development programs. This document offers a timely assessment of the prospects for nuclear nonproliferation.

Reiss, M.; Litwak, R.S.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The Cold War comes to Y-12  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

such as "Y-12," "K-25," "X-10," "S-50" and others. The Soviets were working on a thermonuclear weapon as early as 1948, well before they exploded Joe - 1 in August 1949. Their...

71

Early steps in the Cold War  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

bombs only. They did not recommend the pursuit of a fusion or hydrogen bomb (thermonuclear bomb). These scientists who had been a part of the Manhattan Project understood...

72

Reduced  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reduced intermittency in the magnetic turbulence of reversed field pinch plasmas L. Marrelli and L. Frassinetti Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Corso Stati...

73

Owl Feather War Bonnet  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation covers the Owl Feather War Bonnet and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Rapid City, South Dakota.

74

France at War: Additions to the War Poster Collection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a collection of eighty-five French posters from the First and Second World Wars. These add to Yale's extensive War Poster Collection, which has over 500 French posters from World War I but very few from World War of formats, includ- ing books, maps and atlases, pamphlets, music, broad- First North American Contributor

75

Owl Feather War Bonnet  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Owl Feather War Bonnet, LLC c/o DISGEN 200 Union Blvd, Suite 304 Lakewood CO 80228 Owl Feather War Bonnet, LLC c/o DISGEN 200 Union Blvd, Suite 304 Lakewood CO 80228 Owl Feather War Bonnet Project Description Owl Feather War Bonnet LLC (OFWB) proposes to develop, construct and operate a 30 MW wind facility to be located on Rosebud Sioux Tribal Trust Land on the Rosebud Indian Reservation. OFWB is solely owned by Distributed Generation Systems, Inc. (Disgen) in Colorado. The US Department of the Interior's Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) is the lead Trust Authority for this project and both the Tribe and BIA have authorized the 35 year Rights of Use easement for a wind energy project. * An existing 115kV Nebraska Public Power District (NPPD) transmission line crosses the project area along with an existing substation serving the local cooperative. The

76

Afghanistan and Iraq Wars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter focuses on the war against terrorism as it has been fought by the United States and its allies in Afghanistan and Iraq. After the September 11, 2001 attacks...2001, 2003) and Tomis Kapitan (2003) p...

Gail M. Presbey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

War and Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act4,018 U.S. fatalities in Iraq and Afghanistan. And accordingspending on the war in Iraq has provided fodder to

Bank, Steven A.; Stark, Kirk J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

War and Occupation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The war brought hardship to all of Holland. The universities had their fair share of the consequences of the occupation and the new regime. Jews were dismissed, the adventures of Freudenthal illustrate the fat...

Dirk van Dalen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Rationalist causes of war : mechanisms, experiments, and East Asian wars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation specifies and tests rationalist mechanisms of war. Why would rational states fight each other despite their incentives for peaceful bargains that would avoid the costs of war? In the rationalist theory ...

Quek, Ch-yuan Kaiy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Civil War Makeshifts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Civil War Makeshifts Civil War Makeshifts Nature Bulletin No. 297-A March 9, 1968 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation CIVIL WAR MAKESHIFTS Recently we came across an article about "Hard Times in the Confederacy" published in Century Magazine in 1988. It is difficult to picture, now, the misery and want that prevailed during that bloody four-year Civil War. With no money and all the able-bodied menfolks gone, particularly in the south but to some extent in the northern states, our grandmothers had to resort to desperate makeshifts in order to feed and clothe their families. Salt, common salt, became a luxury in the south, in spite of its production from the salt springs and "licks" in Virginia, Tennessee and Indian Territory. The price of wheat flour rose to more than $100 per barrel. There was no sugar. After the fall of Vicksburg, which cut off the supply of sugar and molasses from Louisiana, sorghum cane was widely grown and crushed in primitive mills to make molasses or "long sweetenin"'. Its seeds were ground into a meal that made excellent brown bread. A recipe book of that day, which also told how to tan a dog's skin for making gloves, said that "wonderful shoe blacking can be made of sorghum molasses, pinewood soot, neat's-foot oil and vinegar..

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

cold standby  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cold Standby Program at the Cold Standby Program at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant DOE/IG-0634 December 2003 Program Results and Cost Details of Finding ...................................................................... 1 Recommendations and Comments ........................................... 5 Appendices Prior Reports .............................................................................. 7 Objective, Scope, and Methodology .......................................... 8 Management Comments .......................................................... 10 COLD STANDBY PROGRAM AT THE PORTSMOUTH GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1 Program Plans The Department has not clearly defined the termination point of the Cold Standby Program. Initially, the Department's Office of Nuclear

82

ATOMS PEACE WAR Eisenhower  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ATOMS ATOMS PEACE WAR Eisenhower and the Atomic Energy Commission Richard G. Hewlett and lack M. Roll With a Foreword by Richard S. Kirkendall and an Essay on Sources by Roger M. Anders University of California Press Berkeley Los Angeles London Published 1989 by the University of California Press Berkeley and Los Angeles, California University of California Press, Ltd. London, England Prepared by the Atomic Energy Commission; work made for hire. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Hewlett, Richard G. Atoms for peace and war, 1953-1961. (California studies in the history of science) Bibliography: p. Includes index. 1. Nuclear energy-United States-History. 2. U.S. Atomic Energy Commission-History. 3. Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969.

83

WAR & PEACE & WAR THE LIFE CYCLES OF IMPERIAL NATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WAR & PEACE & WAR THE LIFE CYCLES OF IMPERIAL NATIONS PETER TURCHIN A Review of Chapters 13 & 14: Strong North-South gradient · North: Piedemont, Lombardia in Po Valley · South: Calabria, Sicily OF IMPERIAL NATIONS because, "we still make babies the old-fashioned way, we kill each

White, Douglas R.

84

From old wars to new wars and global terrorism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Even before 9/11 there were claims that the nature of war had changed fundamentally. The 9/11 attacks created an urgent need to understand contemporary wars and their relationship to older conventional and terrorist wars, both of which exhibit remarkable regularities. The frequency-intensity distribution of fatalities in "old wars", 1816-1980, is a power-law with exponent 1.80. Global terrorist attacks, 1968-present, also follow a power-law with exponent 1.71 for G7 countries and 2.5 for non-G7 countries. Here we analyze two ongoing, high-profile wars on opposite sides of the globe - Colombia and Iraq. Our analysis uses our own unique dataset for killings and injuries in Colombia, plus publicly available data for civilians killed in Iraq. We show strong evidence for power-law behavior within each war. Despite substantial differences in contexts and data coverage, the power-law coefficients for both wars are tending toward 2.5, which is a value characteristic of non-G7 terrorism as opposed to old wars. We prop...

Johnson, N; Restrepo, J; Bohorquez, J; Surez, N; Restrepo, E; Zarama, R

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

A Dynamic Theory of Resource Wars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a dynamic theory of resource wars and study the conditions under which such wars can be prevented. The interaction between the scarcity of resources and the incentives for war in the presence of limited commitment ...

Aceoglu, Daron

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

86

A Dynamic Theory of Resource Wars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a dynamic theory of resource wars and study the conditions under which such wars can be prevented. Our focus is on the interaction between the scarcity of resources and the incentives for war in the presence of ...

Acemoglu, Daron

87

Toxicological assessments of Gulf War veterans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...appendix B, Gulf War and health: volume 1. Depleted uranium, pyridostigmine bromide...factors Gulf War and health: volume 1. Depleted uranium, pyridostigmine bromide...IOM's report Gulf War Health: volume 1. Depleted uranium, pyridostigmine bromide...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

An All Women's Response to War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

war and aggression in Iraq are on the forefront of manyfifth anniversary of the war in Iraq, the issue Masculinistand occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq; and the use of war,

Dean, Rebecca

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

The Iran-Iraq War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Iran-Iraq War was triggered by changes to the status quo...in the region caused, in large part, by Khomeinis Islamic Revolution in Iran in 197879. However, the reasons for war were subtle and complex, and i...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

THUMBS DOWN ON DRUG WAR WEAPON  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

THUMBS DOWN ON DRUG WAR WEAPON ... Mycoherbicides have been viewed as a potentially potent weapon in the worldwide war on illicit drugs. ...

CHERYL HOGUE

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

91

Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory...

92

The Power of Choice ? Cold War Patriots Day of Remembrance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was a featured speaker. A crowd of retirees from Y-12 and other government sites in Oak Ridge as well as case workers braved the rainy weather to hear him speak...and did they ever...

93

Y-12, the Cold War, and nuclear weapons dismantlement ? Or:...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a huge mission for Y-12 bringing about substantial growth and continued to do so until nuclear testing ended in 1992. The United States tested nuclear weapons from July 16, 1945...

94

Part of something larger than ourselves: George H.W. Bush and the rhetoric of the first U.S. war in the Persian Gulf  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s rhetoric faced different rhetorical constraints than those faced by his predecessors, as he no longer had the narrative framework of the Cold War to explain U.S. foreign policy action. Second, Bush rhetorically juxtaposed American exceptionalism and realism...

Rangel, Nicolas , Jr.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

Environmental consequences of nuclear war  

SciTech Connect

A regional war involving 100 Hiroshima-sized weapons would pose a worldwide threat due to ozone destruction and climate change. A superpower confrontation with a few thousand weapons would be catastrophic.

Toon, Owen B. [Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado (United States); Robock, Alan [Department of Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey (United States); Turco, Richard P. [Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

96

War in Iraq: an Impending Refugee Crisis?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

refugee consequences of a conflict in Iraq at their peril.IMMIGRATION STUDIES War in Iraq: An Impending RefugeeCalifornia 92093-0510 War in Iraq: An Impending Refugee

Loescher, Gil

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

A TECHNICAL EQUIVALENT OF WAR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Three concepts are explained: 1) Integrative bargaining (win/win negotiation) a conflict resolution concept; 2) structural violence (indirect violence caused by social and other structures) a peace concept; and 3) nonviolent defense (nonmilitary strength for use in case of nuclear crises) a security concept. Engineering research questions for each concept are suggested. Alternative funding methods for the research are explained. The profession is invited to choose a peace and security issue and unite around it, as Physicians for Social Responsibility have united around the issue of effects of nuclear war. Keywords. Conflict resolution, nonviolence, control theory, decision theory, modeling, nonlinear control systems, nuclear reactors, operations research.

R.W. Fogg

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

U.S. Naval war College Application | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

College Application U.S. Naval war College Application U.S. Naval War College Civilian Student Application. Naval War College Application More Documents & Publications DOE F 471.1...

99

Depleted uranium exposure and health effects in Gulf War veterans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2006 research-article Depleted uranium exposure and health effects in Gulf War...Medicine) Gulf War and health. In Depleted uranium, pyridostigmine bromide...McDiarmid, M.A , Health effects of depleted uranium on exposed Gulf War...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Price war with migrating customers Patrick Maille  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Price war with migrating customers Patrick Maill´e TELECOM Bretagne 2, rue de la Ch^ataigneraie CS customers churn between providers due to better prices, better reputation or better services. We propose in this paper to study the price war between two providers in the case where users' decisions are modeled

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Light Wars: The Bright Future of Laser Weapons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Implications of Laser Weapons. Northrop Grumman. http://Goda. 2004. High energy laser weapons: technology overview.The Bright Future of Laser Weapons WAR TECH SPRING WAR TECH

Mistry, Hemma

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Common marginal cold pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines marginal cold pools forming in a shallow valley. Marginal refers to cold pools that are generally weak and intermittent. Nineteen stations were instrumented with sonic anemometers and accurate slow-response temperature ...

L. Mahrt; Robert Heald

103

BOUNDING THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM Jeffrey Record  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BOUNDING THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM Jeffrey Record December 2003 #12;ii ***** The views expressed FOREWORD The United States is now in the third year of the global war on terrorism. That war began of Iraq. As part of the war on terrorism, the United States has committed not only to ridding the world

Kimbrough, Steven Orla

104

Cold cathode vacuum discharge tube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cold cathode vacuum discharge tube, and method for making same, with an interior surface of the trigger probe coated with carbon deposited by carbon vapor deposition (CVD) or diamond-like carbon (DLC) deposition. Preferably a solid graphite insert is employed in the probe-cathode structure in place of an aluminum bushing employed in the prior art. The CVD or DLC probe face is laser scribed to allow resistance trimming to match available trigger voltage signals and to reduce electrical aging.

Boettcher, Gordon E. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Impaired immune function in Gulf War Illness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Patients with Gulf War Illness have altered gene expression associated with natural killer cell functions, a condition exacerbated by vigorous exercise, implying they have impaired immune function compared to healthy people.

Toni Whistler; Mary Fletcher; William Lonergan; Xiao-R Zeng; Jin-Mann Lin; Arthur LaPerriere; Suzanne D Vernon; Nancy G Klimas

2009-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

106

Computer system reliability and nuclear war  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given the devastating consequences of nuclear war, it is appropriate to look at current and planned uses of computers in nuclear weapons command and control systems, and to examine whether these systems can fulfill their intended roles.

Alan Borning

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

On minimizing the consequences of nuclear war  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... does not deal with the prompt fallout that would contaminate large areas of the target zones and adjacent territory in a nuclear war, eventually causing at least tens of millions ... processing is not significant in the average case.

Carl Sagan

1985-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

108

The mirror effect: Virginia Woolf's war writings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE MIRROR EFFECT: VIRGINIA WOOLF'S WAR WRITINGS A Semor Honors Thesis By MARCIA WILKENS MURCHISON Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships Texas A&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements... of the UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS April 2000 Group: Humanities THE MIRROR EFFECT: VIRGINIA WOOLF'S WAR WRITINGS A Senior Honors Thesis By MARCIA WILKENS MURCHISON Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships Texas Ak...

Murchison, Marcia Wilkens

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

109

WAR DEPARTaMMeNT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

i i ..I WAR DEPARTaMMeNT Imentory~at ~etnl Bydridaa aa of 2i Js+ua?y is 20 toxss Bozml. .' imsntary Of 10 t0z.w allc7fs 10 tom as BX0683. p 5 Production of heels at Ravsre Coppsr & Brass Com_saay: ~ ExLrwion ia axpested to continua at 30 tons par waskand, whioh _ ..-,:~ is squix&mt to 130 tons per average nonth.Bcri;lg Febrmryx ht is estiziited ~.;'i thxt extrusionail be 6% on old specification bilf&a snd 30;; on nsv billets. It is estixstad or:ly nsa apasifioatim billets will be extmdad ., during Pm-oh sad April. Yisld of haala from new billets is eatizatsd at S$ and ou old billets at-83. C'n this basis, productioc of heals during Pebriarf ..; eouals S tons and'duriuC ,farch and Aaril equals 1% tons, xssking a total of .-;:: .Z& tons of heels available duriag this period.~ It ma assuned thst the .:;

110

A new method for evaluating wax inhibitors and drag reducers  

SciTech Connect

Conventional wax inhibitor evaluation methods such as cold finger and laminar flow loop are not adequate and accurate for evaluating wax inhibitors to be used in a wide operating temperature range and flow regimes such as North Sea subsea transport pipelines. A new method has been developed to simultaneously measure fluid rheology change and wax inhibition and to evaluate wax inhibitors or drag reducers at the field operating conditions. Selection criteria have been defined to search for an effective wax inhibitor. The criteria ensure the chemical selected is the most effective one for the specific oil and flow conditions. The operation cost savings by this accurate method is significant. Nine chemical companies joined the project of finding an wax inhibitor for a North Sea prospect. More than twenty wax inhibitors have been tested and evaluated with this new method for several waxy oil fields. The new method provides data of fluid rheology, war deposition rates and wax inhibition in the operating temperature range, overall average wax inhibition and degree of fluid flow improvement. These data are important to evaluate a wax inhibitor or drag reducer. Most of the wax inhibitors tested have good wax inhibition at high temperatures, but not many chemicals work well at low temperatures. The chemical tested may improved fluid flow behavior at low temperature but not wax deposition. Drag reducers tested did not work well at North Sea seabed temperature.

Hsu, J.J.C.; Brubaker, J.P.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Carbon War Room | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

War Room War Room Jump to: navigation, search Name Carbon War Room Place Washington, DC Number of employees 1-10 Website http://www.carbonwarroom.com/ Coordinates 38.8951118°, -77.0363658° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8951118,"lon":-77.0363658,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

112

The Persian Gulf War's impact on Americans' political information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Does war increase Americans' normally low levels of political information? Data from the Center for Political Studies' Political Consequences of War Study, which plumbed Americans' information about the Persian Gulf

Stephen Earl Bennett

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Excretion of depleted uranium by Gulf war veterans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Dosimetry Article Excretion of depleted uranium by Gulf war veterans R. E...personnel had potential intakes of depleted uranium (DU), including shrapnel...excretion rate. Excretion of depleted uranium by Gulf War veterans. | During......

R. E. Toohey

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Conscientious objectors during Britain's last popular war  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper contains the results of my research on the conscientious objectors of World War II in Great Britain. After a brief overview of the events of the 1920's and 1930's which led to the formation of pacifist sentiments in Britain, I discuss my...

Breech, Allyson

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

115

Declaration on Prevention of Nuclear War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Hebert, Plant Physi-ol...Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol...Prevention of Nuclear War On 24...major nuclear attack or that devastation...ofexplosive power from the...tension. The risk is very great...of nuclear powers. * The proliferation of nuclear weap-ons...in-creases the risk of nuclear...to nuclear terrorism. * The current...

1982-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

116

Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and Gulf War illnesses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...occupational exposure to AChEis to chronic health symptoms that mirror those of ill...may be causally linked to excess health problems in GWV. Persian Gulf War...pesticides to illness. [In contrast, depleted uranium had received much greater attention...

Beatrice Alexandra Golomb

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Star wars: US pressure on Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... US Strategic Defense Initiative ("star wars") seems to have found a fan in Japan's Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone, who has been extolling its virtues in recent Diet ... after his meeting with President Ronald Reagan in Los Angeles earlier this year. Pressure for Japan to make its support official is being kept up by a series of visits from ...

David Swinbanks

1985-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

118

TERRORISM AND WAR (SAS 7) UC Davis; Spring, 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 TERRORISM AND WAR (SAS 7) UC Davis; Spring, 2013 INSTRUCTORS OFFICE HOUR (VIRTUAL) Prof. James R to varying degrees in major conflicts around the world, issues of terrorism and war are heavily debated deeply about terrorism and war and question your assumptions. You will be asked to understand

Seybold, Steven J.

119

Cold fusion research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cold fusion research ... Eugene Mallove (C&EN, Feb. 10, page 2) accuses Trevor Pinch and me of "arrogant misunderstanding of cold fusion research/' Casting his net further, he then accuses the scientific establishment and some science media of "arrogant dismissal" of a "new phenomenon of unparalleled signficance," because we regard it as "a priori impossible." ... The latter, at least, is untrue, as should be apparent to anyone who read even the first three pages of 'Too Hot to Handle," where I wrote, 'liven though intuitive[ ly we felt] that [cold fusion] was too far-fetched to be real, nonetheless it had to be checked." ...

FRANK E. CLOSE

1992-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

120

Reviving Cold Fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reviving Cold Fusion ... In March 1989, electrochemists B. Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announced at a press conference at the University of Utah that they had tamed the power of nuclear fusion in a benchtop electrolysis experiment. ... The discovery of cold fusion, as it came to be called, held the promise of endless amounts of pollution-free energy being generated from the natural deuterium in water. ...

STEPHEN K. RITTER

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Cold Fusion Fiasco  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cold Fusion Fiasco ... When two chemists, B. Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann, announced to the world's press on March 23, 1989, that they had discovered fusion in a test tube, they launched the equivalent of a scientific gold rush. ... Within a day of that infamous Utah press conference, physicist Stephen Jones at nearby Brigham Young University claimed that he, too, had been detecting neutrons from a cold fusion cell. ...

TREVOR PINCH

1992-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

122

Numerical Analysis of a Cold Air Distribution System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cold air distribution systems may reduce the operating energy consumption of air-conditioned air supply system and improve the outside air volume percentages and indoor air quality. However, indoor temperature patterns and velocity field are easily...

Zhu, L.; Li, R.; Yuan, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Cold moderators at ORNL  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Neutron Source (ANS) cold moderators were not an 'Oak Ridge first', but would have been the largest both physically and in terms of cold neutron flux. Two cold moderators were planned each 410 mm in diameter and containing about 30L of liquid deuterium. They were to be completely independent of each other. A modular system design was used to provide greater reliability and serviceability. When the ANS was terminated, upgrading of the resident High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) was examined and an initial study was made into the feasibility of adding a cold source. Because the ANS design was modular, it was possible to use many identical design features. Sub-cooled liquid at 4 bar abs was initially chosen for the HFIR design concept, but this was subsequently changed to 15 bar abs to operate above the critical pressure. As in the ANS, the hydrogen will operate at a constant pressure throughout the temperature range and a completely closed loop with secondary containment was adopted. The heat load of 2 kW made the heat flux comparable with that of the ANS. Subsequent studies into the construction of cryogenic moderators for the proposed new Synchrotron Neutron source indicated that again many of the same design concepts could be used. By connecting the two cold sources together in series, the total heat load of 2 kW is very close to that of the HFIR allowing a very similar supercritical hydrogen system to be configured. The two hydrogen moderators of the SNS provide a comparable heat load to the HFIR moderator. It is subsequently planned to connect the two in series and operate from a single cold loop system, once again using supercritical hydrogen. The spallation source also provided an opportunity to re-examine a cold pellet solid methane moderator operating at 20K.

Lucas, A. T.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Authorization of the Persian Gulf War" Dissertation, Chapter1.1: Major Days in the Persian Gulf War Date Events July 23,AN EVENT STUDY OF THE PERSIAN GULF WAR A. Introduction What

Seljan, Samuel Sierra

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Effects of positive and negative framing on seven American newspapers during the Persian Gulf War in 1991 and the Iraq War in 2003.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study evaluates the positive and negative aspects of major American newspaper coverage of the Persian Gulf War in 1991 and the war in Iraq (more)

White, Davin T.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Cold atmospheric plasma in cancer therapy  

SciTech Connect

Recent progress in atmospheric plasmas has led to the creation of cold plasmas with ion temperature close to room temperature. This paper outlines recent progress in understanding of cold plasma physics as well as application of cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) in cancer therapy. Varieties of novel plasma diagnostic techniques were developed recently in a quest to understand physics of CAP. It was established that the streamer head charge is about 10{sup 8} electrons, the electrical field in the head vicinity is about 10{sup 7} V/m, and the electron density of the streamer column is about 10{sup 19} m{sup ?3}. Both in-vitro and in-vivo studies of CAP action on cancer were performed. It was shown that the cold plasma application selectively eradicates cancer cells in-vitro without damaging normal cells and significantly reduces tumor size in-vivo. Studies indicate that the mechanism of action of cold plasma on cancer cells is related to generation of reactive oxygen species with possible induction of the apoptosis pathway. It is also shown that the cancer cells are more susceptible to the effects of CAP because a greater percentage of cells are in the S phase of the cell cycle.

Keidar, Michael; Shashurin, Alex; Volotskova, Olga [Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, George Washington University, Washington DC 20052 (United States)] [Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, George Washington University, Washington DC 20052 (United States); Ann Stepp, Mary [Medical School, George Washington University, Washington DC 20052 (United States)] [Medical School, George Washington University, Washington DC 20052 (United States); Srinivasan, Priya; Sandler, Anthony [Childrens National Medical Center, Washington DC 20010 (United States)] [Childrens National Medical Center, Washington DC 20010 (United States); Trink, Barry [Head and Neck Cancer Research Division, Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 (United States)] [Head and Neck Cancer Research Division, Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 (United States)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

Puritan Military Justice: American War Crimes and the Global War on Terrorism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brigadier General OEF Operation Enduring Freedom; the U.S. led war in Afghanistan xiii OIF Operation Iraqi Freedom; the U.S. led war in Iraq Panel The rough equivalent of a civilian jury in a court-martial Platoon An army unit numbering... by United States Army Criminal Investigation Command. As a sociology consultant, I participated in giving an opinion on the selection of panel, or jury, members, as well as interpreting the ebbs and flows of the proceeding. The work provided...

Lorenzo, Ronald

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

128

The Department of Energy Announces Major Cold War Legacy Waste Cleanup  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Idaho crews overcome challenges Idaho crews overcome challenges to safely remove and dispose of hot cell Cleanup crews at the Department of Energy's Idaho Site have been doing some heavy lifting - literally! As many as 200 CH2M-WG Idaho, LLC, employees and subcontractors recently supported an effort to remove and dispose of a hot cell that weighed the equivalent of nine fully loaded Boeing 737s. The team responsible for the successful lift. Unlike the aircraft, the 1 million-pound hot cell moved at a snail's pace - about two miles per hour - as it was transported from its former location at the Advanced Test Reactor Complex (ATR-C) to an onsite landfill two miles away. A 600-horsepower semi-truck, towing a trailer equipped with 224 tires, was needed to transport the concrete hot cell structure to the

129

Cosmopolitan America: Affect, Attention, and the Nation in Post-Cold War Literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a cosmopolitan sociability stratified across a number of solidarities including race, class, gender, and nationality. Analyzing texts by David Foster Wallace, Hari Kunzru, Joe Sacco, Aleksandar Hemon, Jonathan Safran Foer, Karen Tei Yamashita...

Yost, Brian Armstrong

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

130

Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production Processes to Their Environmental Consequences  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report described each step in the cycle of nuclear weapons production and defined for the first time a planned disposition path for all waste streams generated prior to 1992 as a result of weapons production.

131

NASA's Hidden Power: NACA/NASA Public Relations and the Cold War, 1945-1967.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??During the 1960s, NASAs human spaceflight program commanded national and international attention. The program created American images infused with heroic values. What were these images? (more)

Starr, Kristen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Worlds on view : visual art exhibitions and state identity in the late Cold War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be opposed to Vladimir Putin, was arrested and chargedobscene epithets against Putin. The assembled objects sat

Holland, Nicole Murphy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Cold War love : producing American liberalism in interracial marriages between American soldiers and Japanese women  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air Force captain, James R. Evans and Mrs. Evans, adoptedAir Force captain, James R. Evans and Mrs. Evans are giving

Tsuchiya, Tomoko

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

The Cold War and US-Guatemalan Relations During the 1960's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

candidate Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro was elected as the new president of Guatemala. The election of a politically left president further radicalized the Guatemalan right, which resulted in attempted coups and acts of terror. The violence from the leftist...

Tomlins, David Brennan

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

135

Project Apollo, Cold War diplomacy and the American framing of global interdependence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the distinctive and critical role that space exploration played in American foreign relations and national image making in the 1960s. Proposed by President John F. Kennedy in 1961, Project Apollo ...

Muir-Harmony, Teasel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Nuclear Bonds: Atoms for Peace in the Cold War and in the Non-Western World.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper examines the origins of the Atoms for Peace program and its implementation in the non-Western world, with specific case studies of Brazil, India (more)

Nelson, Craig Doyle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Worlds on view : visual art exhibitions and state identity in the late Cold War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to beware of any listening devices covertly installed undercanvases reference listening devices as well as household

Holland, Nicole Murphy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

A Cold War Battlefield: Frenchman Flat Historic District, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This report provides the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office with the documentation necessary to establish the Frenchman Flat Historic District on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). It includes a list of historic properties that contribute to the eligibility of the district for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and provides contextual information establishing its significance. The list focuses on buildings, structures and features associated with the period of atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons on the NTS between 1951 and 1962. A total of 157 locations of buildings and structures were recorded of which 115 are considered to be eligible for the NRHP. Of these, 28 have one or more associated features which include instrumentation supports, foundations, etc. The large majority of contributing structures are buildings built to study the blast effects of nuclear weaponry. This has resulted in a peculiar accumulation of deteriorated structures that, unlike most historic districts, is best represented by those that are the most damaged. Limitations by radiological control areas, surface exposure and a focus on the concentration of accessible properties on the dry lake bed indicate additional properties exist which could be added to the district on a case-by-case basis.

Johnson, William Gray [DRI; Holz, Barbara A [DRI; Jones, Robert [DRI

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Creating the political spectacle during the Cold War: Guatemala and the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the conflict in the early in 1950's is based on a section of Nicolas Cullather's report in "Operation PBSUCCESS: The United States and Guatemala, " Center for the Study of intelligence, Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 1994, pp 1-14 ' Piero... made an effort to include the most important references throughout the paper, but I want recognize the overall role all of these articles played in helping me to get a grasp of the political spectacle. Also, Nicolas Cullather's report "Operation...

Burton, Michael Cassidy

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

140

Another Cold War-era building at the Department of Energys...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as the Metals Plant. It operated from 1953 to 1962, and from 1968 to 1973, to convert depleted uranium hexafluoride, or UF 6 , into uranium metal. Two of the five structures...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Idaho Cold War Waste Removal Advancing as Work on Eighth Area...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carlsbad, New Mexico. The waste was generated during nuclear weapons production at the Rocky Flats Plant near Denver, Colorado, and was buried in Idaho from 1954 to 1970. In...

142

Worlds on view : visual art exhibitions and state identity in the late Cold War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Builders of the Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station, 1960-61.Builders of the Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station, 1960-Builders of the Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station (see p.

Holland, Nicole Murphy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Cold War love : producing American liberalism in interracial marriages between American soldiers and Japanese women  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

counterparts in Japan, due to household arrangements into clean the household if she were in Japan. Her narrativein Japan, nor will you, as a member of her household. You

Tsuchiya, Tomoko

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Nationalization of the oil industry in Iran 1951-1953: a study in cold war diplomacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that this oil was their only national resource, and that they wanted. the full benefits of the revenue for themselves. After several oil crises, the Iranian parliament under the leader- ship of Dr. Mohammed. Mossadegh announced. the nationalization... by her ownersh1p of' the oil refinery and f1elds and because it threatened to cut off her huge revenue from oil sales. She was therefore the power primar1ly concerned. with a settlement. The United States and Russian reactions were more complex...

Qaim-Maqami, Linda Wills

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

145

International Human Rights Activism in the United States during the Cold War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mental health patients at Willowbrook, or poor teenagers like Cora McRae who could not afford an abortion,

Ramirez, Zachary Steven

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

DEMOCRACY OVER A BARREL: OIL, REGIME CHANGE AND WAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wars and where the security of oil supplies could once beoil. Once thriving and self-supporting villages have been made completely unlivable, security

Karl, Terry

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Strategies of survival; lectures on population, disease, war, famine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lectures on the theories of Malthus, and on disease, war and famine, including theories of McKeown, Adam Smith and Amartya Sen...

Macfarlane, Alan

2007-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

148

LPG dealers, manufacturers report diverse effects of recession and war  

SciTech Connect

The author presents a survey of LPG marketers. The effects of the Persian Gulf War and U.S. recession on the LPG industry are discussed.

Prowler, S.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Disease and Suspicion after the Persian Gulf War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 1990 the United States and its allies sent close to a million troops to the Persian Gulf. Fewer than 150 Americans died during the six-week war against Iraq, but many veterans now fear that the Persian Gulf War ruined their health. Six years later, there is wide publicity about excess disease and... In 1990 the United States and its allies sent close to a million troops to the Persian Gulf. Fewer than 150 Americans died during the six-week war against Iraq,1 but many veterans now fear that the Persian Gulf War ruined their health. Six years later, ...

Campion E.W.

1996-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

150

Posttraumatic growth of Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This content and mini meta-analysis synthesizes the available data of four studies on posttraumatic growth of Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans and compares it to (more)

Miller, Mark Alan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Universal patterns underlying ongoing wars and terrorism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a remarkable universality in the patterns of violence arising in three high-profile ongoing wars, and in global terrorism. Our results suggest that these quite different conflict arenas currently feature a common type of enemy, i.e. the various insurgent forces are beginning to operate in a similar way regardless of their underlying ideologies, motivations and the terrain in which they operate. We provide a microscopic theory to explain our main observations. This theory treats the insurgent force as a generic, self-organizing system which is dynamically evolving through the continual coalescence and fragmentation of its constituent groups.

Johnson, N F; Restrepo, J A; Becerra, O; Bohorquez, J C; Surez, N; Restrepo, E M; Zarama, R; Johnson, Neil F.; Spagat, Mike; Restrepo, Jorge A.; Becerra, Oscar; Bohorquez, Juan Camilo; Suarez, Nicolas; Restrepo, Elvira Maria; Zarama, Roberto

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

ASSESSING THE BARGAINING MODEL OF WAR TERMINATION: AN EXAMINATION OF THE PHILIPPINE-AMERICAN WAR, 1899-1902  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences 392 (1970): 14-29; Wallace J. Thies, ?Searching for Peace: Vietnam and the Question of How Wars End.? Polity 7.3(1975): 304-333; Donald Wittman, ?How Wars End: a Rational Model Approach.? The Journal... points. The narrow approach focuses on when and why a war ends and if the specific point of at which a war is terminated can be predicted.6 Literature pertaining to the narrow approach will be the subject of this chapter.7 This chapter reviews...

Brown, Adam David

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

153

Managing future Gulf War Syndromes: international lessons and new models of care  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...during the Gulf War division of health promotion and disease prevention 2000 Gulf War and health. In Depleted uranium, sarin, pyridostigmine bromide...MedicineCommittee on Gulf War and health, literature review of pesticides...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Cold Weather Hazards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 Cold Weather Hazards June 2010 NSA_cwh_Rev10.doc 1 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility/ North Slope of Alaska/Adjacent Arctic Ocean (ACRF/NSA/AAO) Cold Weather Hazards Winter Conditions at the North Slope of Alaska The North Slope of Alaska is north of the Arctic Circle at latitudes ranging from 69 to 72 degrees. Barrow, the largest town on the North Slope (pop. 4500), is the site of a National Weather Service Station, which has been active for several decades, so the climatology of the Alaska arctic coastal region as represented by Barrow is relatively well known. The North Slope is covered with ice and snow typically eight months of the year (October-May). During part of November, all of December, and most of January, the sun does not come above the horizon; this

155

Cold nuclear fusion  

SciTech Connect

Recent accelerator experiments on fusion of various elements have clearly demonstrated that the effective cross-sections of these reactions depend on what material the target particle is placed in. In these experiments, there was a significant increase in the probability of interaction when target nuclei are imbedded in a conducting crystal or are a part of it. These experiments open a new perspective on the problem of so-called cold nuclear fusion.

Tsyganov, E. N., E-mail: edward.tsyganov@utsouthwestern.edu [University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas (United States)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971 By: Alburuj Razzaq Rahman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971 By: Alburuj Razzaq Rahman 9th Grade, Metro High School, Columbus, Ohio The Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971 was for independence from Pakistan. India and Pakistan got Pakistan. Having control over the provinces, the West used up more resources than the East. Between 1948

Nahar, Sultana Nurun

157

Biological Agents and Infectious Diseases in War and Terrorism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

War and the preparation for war cause serious damage to human health and the environment. Several biologic agents can be weaponized, but biologic weapons have been rarely used during war or in terrorist attacks. Of much greater concern is the increased occurrence of infectious diseases during war and its aftermath due to damage to medical care and public health facilities and the health-supporting infrastructure, forced migration of refugees and internally displaced persons, and diversion of human and financial resources. Although biologic weapons have almost never been used effectively in war and terrorism, they represent a potential threat. Biologic weapons are difficult to develop, access, and use in warfare or terrorist attacks. Nevertheless, it is important for health professionals and others to have an awareness of these potential weapons and what can be done to control them and prevent their use. Infectious diseases frequently increase in occurrence or severity during war and its aftermath. These include diarrheal diseases, acute respiratory infections, measles, malaria, meningococcal disease, and tuberculosis. Health professionals and others can play important roles in addressing these issues, by working to minimize the adverse consequences of war and terrorism and by helping to create a world without war and terrorism.

B.S. Levy; V.W. Sidel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Manhattan Project: The Manhattan Project and the Second World War,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Oak Ridgers celebrate V-J Day THE MANHATTAN PROJECT AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR Oak Ridgers celebrate V-J Day THE MANHATTAN PROJECT AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR (1939-1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the surrender of Japan were the last acts of the Second World War. The most destructive weapon in the history of combat had helped bring an end to the most destructive conflict in human history.

159

Ohio Klingon War Journal Issue 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Volume I lssue 2 September I 991 OH IO KLINGON WAR JOURNAL The Officiql lleysletter of the Kli ngons of oHlo {formerl g Klingons of Columbus} As gou can see the masthead has a new and suitable Eddition, and we now have a name. Dove Cummins...-Creation prop:9.nd.l h:ve st.ted as their agenda to destrog Cre.ation. As thir is one of tho5e n.st9 legal disputes, it is m! recomrnend.tion, (e^dorsed unanimouslg bv the leadership ofK)ingonr of oHlo, .nd the editori:] st.ff of 0Hl0 Klingo^ Var Journal) th...

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Ohio Klingon War Journal Issue 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OH I O KL I N6ON WAR JOURNAL The officisl llevsletter of the Klingorls of 0Hl0 {formerl g K'li ngons of Col umbus} Well, here ee ore again, this i3 the third inyhat ve hope is the continuing neYsletter of the Klingons or 0Hl0- The editors hove... ihe membershiP at l.rqe. This \\vould make the 0Hl0 Klingon \\r'ar Journ.l into i better ftevslelter. Ve vould stlll print the Coovention Schedute, and cl.ssified ads, 3nd as go! m.U have ooticed i public Jervice adyertis?ment, as vell .s the other...

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The Gulf War and the environment  

SciTech Connect

The Gulf War inflicted dramatic environmental damage upon the fragile desert and shore environments of Kuwait and northeastern Saudi Arabia. Coastal and marine environments experienced oil spills of more than 8 million barrels, which killed wildlife and damaged the fishing industry. In inland Kuwait, hundreds of oil lakes are scattered across the desert surface: these lakes emit noxious gases, drown insects and birds, and may seep to pollute groundwater. Exploding and burning oil wells released soot particles, oil droplets, and noxious chemicals into the atmosphere, spreading air pollution, acid rain, and respiratory problems. Military diggings, constructions, and vehicles have destroyed much of the desert pavement, resulting in increased dust storms and large, moving dunes.

El-Baz, F. (ed.) (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Makharita, R.M. (ed.) (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Western economies and the Gulf war  

SciTech Connect

A prolonged Iran/Iraq war could mean economic and even political-military disaster for western countries dependent on Persian Gulf oil. The percentage of gross national product loss that the US, western Europe, and Japan would suffer is estimated for three levels of interruption and illustrates how global effects can be felt even when direct imports are not involved. Although the US has few options for projecting power into the Gulf region, a long-run expansion of military capability is essential. The economic damage of continued disruptions can be eased by using more coal, nuclear power, and natural gas even if it means removing some environmental and economic barriers. A combination of financial incentives and additions to the strategic oil and gas storage would help, but important change will come from a reappraisal of our military position. (DCK)

Rowen, H.S.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

The post-war Middle East  

SciTech Connect

The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

Tempest, P.

1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

164

World tanker industry maintains momentum from Persian Gulf war  

SciTech Connect

The world tanker industry has managed to maintain the momentum generated during the Persian Gulf War. Freight rates for large vessels have regained the high levels seen during the first 2 months of this year, while the expected postwar decline in use of tankers has not materialized. The health of the tanker industry is linked closely with the volume of long haul crude oil from the Middle East, a spot charter from the gulf to Europe, an owner would only break even on the cost of building and operating a new tanker to the highest environmental standards. Owners currently can expect spot rates of about $40,000/day, excellent by the standards of the late 1980s and early 1990s but still below the level needed to justify new buildings. And there are many in the industry who think $40,000/day will be just a happy memory later in the year. Owners are facing pressure for major changes in the industry. Governments and the public want better operating standards and new environmentally sound tankers to reduce the risk of oil spills. At the same time, the industry has to learn to live with repercussion in the 1990 Oil Pollution Act in the U.S., which has opened the way for unlimited liability against tanker owners involved in spills off the U.S. The search also is on for improved profits to make investments required by the changing world of seaborne oil transportation.

Not Available

1991-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

165

Oil flow resumes in war torn onshore Neutral Zone  

SciTech Connect

Oil production has resumed in the war ravaged onshore fields of the Neutral Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait 1 year after the end of Persian Gulf War. Initial production of about 40,000 b/d is expected to rise to 60,000 b/d by year end. This paper reports that prior to the January-February 1991 war to oust occupying Iraqi military forces from Kuwait, the Neutral Zone's Wafra, South Umm Gudair, and South Fuwaris onshore fields produced about 135,000 b/d.

Not Available

1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

166

Women at the Front: Hospital Workers in Civil War America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Warera surgeons, it seems clear that the problems of contemporary nurses have a long history. Throughout history, female nurses have dealt with being invisible, discounted, and devalued. During the Civil War, when nursing was viewed as domestic work, nurses did not seem threatening, which eased their entrance... Jane Schultz has written a well-researched book that tells a compelling story. First-person accounts interspersed throughout the book lend immediacy to the war that took place nearly 150 years ago. The author transports the reader through time so ...

Higgins L.P.

2005-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

167

Migration from Iraq between the Gulf and the Iraq wars (1990Migration from Iraq between the Gulf and the Iraq wars (1990Migration from Iraq between the Gulf and the Iraq wars (1990Migration from Iraq between the Gulf and the Iraq wars (1990----2003):2003)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Migration from Iraq between the Gulf and the Iraq wars (1990Migration from Iraq between the Gulf and the Iraq wars (1990Migration from Iraq between the Gulf and the Iraq wars (1990Migration from Iraq between the Gulf and the Iraq wars (1990----2003):2003):2003):2003): historical and sociospacial

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

168

Warming increases the risk of civil war in Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...economic and political variables are...to civil war risk is difficult...implementing insurance schemes to protect...affected by the risk of future political instability...affected by the risk of future political instability...

Marshall B. Burke; Edward Miguel; Shanker Satyanath; John A. Dykema; David B. Lobell

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

World War II role of Oak Ridge National  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

War II role of Oak Ridge National Lab featured in second 70th anniversary lecture February 4, 2013 Shared national security mission with Los Alamos highlighted LOS ALAMOS, NEW...

170

Healthcare utilization and mortality among veterans of the Gulf War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...who were exposed to depleted uranium, oil well fire smoke...pesticides/insecticides and depleted uranium (Macfarlane et al...C, Sox, HDepleted uranium, pyridostigmine bromide...vaccines. In Gulf War and health vol. 1 2003Washington...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Traumatic Brain Injury: The Signature Injury of the Iraq War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

news/nationworld/iraq/bal- factorvii,0,2855253.storygallery?The Signature Injury of the Iraq War by Tania Aftandiliansremains undi- lives in Iraq; however, funding is severely

Aftandilians, Tania

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

DEMOCRACY OVER A BARREL: OIL, REGIME CHANGE AND WAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and A. Suramanian 2004. Saving Iraq from Its Oil, Foreignthe costs of the war in Iraq, I would be more than remissfor democratization. Iraq and the Devils Excrement Oil is

Karl, Terry

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

U.S. Responsibility for War Crimes in Iraq  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

T...hese words from the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America serve as part of a moral and political basis for the prosecution of war criminals and criminals against humanity ...

J. Angelo Corlett

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Hawaii Well Abandonment Report Form (DLNR Form WAR) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LibraryAdd to library Form: Hawaii Well Abandonment Report Form (DLNR Form WAR) Abstract Completion of this form is required for well abandonment. Form Type ApplicationNotice...

175

Memory Slain: Recovering Cultural Heritage in Post-war Bosnia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abdelaziz, A. (1995). Memory of the worldPreserving theIn J. W. Mller (Ed. ), Memory and power in post-war Europe:and constructs of social memory. Archival Issues, 24(2),

Supple, Shannon

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Reduced viscosity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n. (1) (IUPAC: viscosity number) Reduced viscosity is the fluid viscosity increase per unit of polymer solute concentration.... where ? ...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Cold isopressing method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cold isopressing method in which two or more layers of material are formed within an isopressing mold. One of the layers consists of a tape-cast film. The layers are isopressed within the isopressing mold, thereby to laminate the layers and to compact the tape-cast film. The isopressing mold can be of cylindrical configuration with the layers being coaxial cylindrical layers. The materials used in forming the layers can contain green ceramic materials and the resultant structure can be fired and sintered as necessary and in accordance with known methods to produce a finished composite, ceramic structure. Further, such green ceramic materials can be of the type that are capable of conducting hydrogen or oxygen ions at high temperature with the object of utilizing the finished composite ceramic structure as a ceramic membrane element.

Chen, Jack C. (Getzville, NY); Stawisuck, Valerie M. (North Tonawanda, NY); Prasad, Ravi (East Amherst, NY)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

T-661: ColdFusion Security Hotfix | APSB11-14, ColdFusion Important...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: ColdFusion Security Hotfix | APSB11-14, ColdFusion Important Update T-661: ColdFusion Security Hotfix | APSB11-14, ColdFusion Important Update July 5, 2011 - 7:57am Addthis...

179

R&D'S ROLE IN THE WAR ON TERRORISM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

R&D'S ROLE IN THE WAR ON TERRORISM ... RETHINKING THE ROLE OF scientists and engineers in a world made more vulnerable by terrorism was the theme of the American Association for the Advancement of Science's (AAAS) Colloquium on Science & Technology Policy, held earlier this month in Washington, D.C. ... Only one panel session of the two-day meeting was devoted specifically to the role of science and technology in the Administration's war on terrorism. ...

WILLIAM G. SCHULZ

2002-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

180

Tools from the French and Indian War sloop Boscawen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by recapturing Port Royal, Nova Scotia (Cooke 1993:282). This war ended with the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 which affirmed England's sovereignty over Acadia (Nova Scotia) and recognized its claims to Hudson Bay and Newfoundland. The British received territorial... created at Utrecht began to tip in England's favor as she profited from commercial assault against Spanish trade. The New World colonies continued to strengthen with the influx of thousands of immigrants (Simmons 1976:182). King George's War (1739...

Grant, David Mitchell

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Use of Force against Iraq in 2003." Dissertation,Policy: The Case of the Iraq War. Economica 76, Table 1.1:Policy: The Case of the Iraq War. Economica 76, 225250.

Seljan, Samuel Sierra

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Says war would be an acceptable risk. Hussein predicts war.with Iraq was "an acceptable risk," since the stakes werewith Iraq carries acceptable risks and that it could win

Seljan, Samuel Sierra

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Skin Sensitivity and the Cold  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Skin Sensitivity and the Cold Skin Sensitivity and the Cold Name: Richard Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: A student in my anatomy and physiology class asked me, "When it's very cold outside in the winter, why does your skin hurt MORE than usual when you bang your finger or someone slaps you on the arm?" Replies: Wow! This is one outstanding question. Mammals respond to cold weather with the hypothalamus releasing thyrotropin releasing factor. This production increases with the severity of the cold weather and the length of the exposure to cold over a long period of time (at least three to four weeks). The thyroid responds by slowly increasing in size and releases thyroxine at higher quantities. Thyroxine increases the sensitivity of the entire nervous system. As a matter of fact, as you probably know, it increases the metabolism wholesale! within the body. This gets complicated so I'm keeping it simple. So, the bottom line is thyroxine. It just heightens our sensitivity not only to cold but our entire nervous system is enhanced.

184

Guides and Case Studies for Cold and Very Cold Climates | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cold and Very Cold Climates Cold and Very Cold Climates Guides and Case Studies for Cold and Very Cold Climates Map of the Cold & Very Cold Zones of the United States. The far tips of North Dakota, Maine, and southern Alaska are shown as Very Cold. The northern half of the United States is shown as Cold. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building America program has developed a series of best practices and case studies to help builders improve whole-house energy performance in buildings found in cold and very cold climates. Best Practice Guides New Construction Case Studies Improvements to Existing Homes Case Studies Best Practice Guides 40% Whole-House Energy Savings in Cold and Very Cold Climates - Volume 12 New Construction Case Studies Colorado Project: The Hale Plan - Denver

185

Adaptation and Acclimation of Photosynthetic Microorganisms to Permanently Cold Environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...near-freezing water column, and anoxic...intersystem PQ pool (94). This...that is, to reduce the functional...cold ecosystems make up one of the largest...electron transport pool (excitation pressure...rates of energy consumption by downstream...and the liquid water beneath the ice...

Rachael M. Morgan-Kiss; John C. Priscu; Tessa Pocock; Loreta Gudynaite-Savitch; Norman P. A. Huner

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Cold Test Facility - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Projects & Facilities > Cold Test Facility Projects & Facilities 100 Area 118-K-1 Burial Ground 200 Area 209-E Critical Mass Laboratory 222-S Laboratory 224-B Facility 224-T...

187

Reexamining the Cold Conveyor Belt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite the popularity of the conveyor-belt model for portraying the airflow through midlatitude cyclones, questions arise as to the path of the cold conveyor belt, the lower-tropospheric airflow poleward of and underneath the warm front. Some ...

David M. Schultz

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

PHEV Engine Cold Start Emissions Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Coordination of engine and powertrain supervisory control strategies to minimize cold start emissions

189

Chemical arms not cause of Gulf War syndrome  

SciTech Connect

A task force commissioned by the Pentagon's Defense Science Board has found no evidence that US troops were exposed to chemical or biological weapons or to any other environmental hazard during the Persian gulf War that could resolve the mystery of unexplained symptoms now dubbed the Gulf War Syndrome.'' A Czech chemical weapons monitoring team reported detecting the nerve gas sarin and sulfur mustard at two sites in Saudi Arabia near the Iraqi border in mid-January 1991. Despite the Pentagon's uncertainties about the Czech reports, many US soldiers believe they were exposed to low levels of chemical agents. They are not convinced that all of the many chemical sensor alarms that went off during the air war were false alarms.

Ember, L.

1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

190

Humidity Control Systems for Civil Buildings in Hot Summer and Cold Winter Zone in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the hot summer and cold winter zone, moisture-laden outside air poses real problems for proper ventilation, air-conditioner sizing, and strategies to overcome the reduced dehumidification capacity of more energy-efficient air-conditioning (AC...

Yu, X.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Auratic Weapons, World War II, and Cultural Hegemony in The Lord of the Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LOS ANGELES AURATIC WEAPONS, WORLD WAR II, AND CULTURAL2 ABSTRACT Auratic Weapons, World War II, and CulturalTo begin, I look at weapons as the crux between the medieval

Silverstein, Michelle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The costs of artillery: harassment and interdiction fire in the Vietnam War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A type of artillery mission practiced by the United States Army since World War I, Harassment and Interdiction (H&I) fire proved controversial during the Vietnam War. Intentionally unobserved, H&I targeted suspected Viet Cong or North Vietnamese...

Hawkins, John Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

193

The Myth of the Woman Warrior and World War II in Soviet Culture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"The Myth of the Woman Warrior and World War II in Soviet Culture" defines, analyzes, and explains the figure of the Soviet "woman warrior" who participated in World War II, asking the questions: what is the nature of the ...

Harris, Adrienne

2008-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

194

The History and Application of Christian Just War Theory as Related to Preemptive Attack  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Galen Michener Turner, B.A. Department of Religious Studies, April 2010 University of Kansas The Christian Just War tradition was created around the central principle that war was part of human existence, but that ...

Turner, Galen Michener

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

195

Biological monitoring and surveillance results of Gulf War I veterans exposed to depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective: To relate medical surveillance outcomes to uranium biomonitoring results in a group of depleted uranium (DU)-exposed, Gulf War I veterans...Methods...: Thirty-two veterans of Gulf War ...

Melissa A. McDiarmid; Susan M. Engelhardt

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

E-Print Network 3.0 - army war college Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

army war college Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 BUILDING STRONG U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS PACIFIC OCEAN DIVISION Summary: from the National War College. He also served as an Army...

197

Gays and Lesbians at War: Military Service in Iraq and Afghanistan Under Dont Ask, Dont Tell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AT WAR: MILITARY SERVICE IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN UNDER DONwars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Despite widespread knowledgeused before sites in Iraq and Afghanistan were improved, as

Frank, Nathaniel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Optimized Analysis of Cold Energy Utilization for Cold Storage Project of Xingtan LNG Satellite Station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The project of cold energy utilization for cold storage of Xingtan LNG satellite station is the first cold energy utilization demonstration project of LNG satellite station in China with (24...4 m3/day gasificat...

Wendong Xu; Zhonghao Huang; Shuanshi Fan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

An Optical Frequency Standardwith Cold and Ultra-cold Calcium Atoms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An optical frequency standard (?...= 657nm) based on cold and ultra-cold neutral Ca atoms is operated at ... residual velocity of the cold atoms at 3 mK limits the fractional uncertainty to 2 ...14. Applying a...

Fritz Riehle; Carsten Degenhardt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Nuclear Proliferation and the Deterrence of Conventional War: Justin Pollard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Proliferation and the Deterrence of Conventional War: A Proposal Justin Pollard April 2009) Introduction It seems counterintuitive to think that the spread of nuclear weapons could make the world a safer of ubiquitous nuclear armament is a more dangerous and unstable one. Certainly, a weapon of the nuclear

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The nuclear dilemma and the just war tradition  

SciTech Connect

This book presents papers on the ethical aspects of nuclear weapons. Topics considered include the concept of a ''just'' war, national defense, political aspects, religion and politics, the failure of deterrence, conventional warfare, nuclear deterrence and democratic politics, the future of the nuclear debate, non-proliferation policy, arms control, national security, and government policies.

O'Brien, W.V.; Langan, J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Torture of terrorists? Use of torture in a ``war  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the nationalists' main form of action nor the French army's true target. Research into the methods used, which portrays the Algerian partisans' struggle during the war of independence against the French) and the violence used against it by the French army and police. While it might well be thought

Boyer, Edmond

203

OPEC's Dr. Subroto examines the market after Gulf war  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on a relatively strong oil market emerging from the Persian Gulf war according to an Opec spokesperson. Opec is expected to remain a viable force, perhaps more cohesive than before, no matter what happens to Kuwait and Iraq.

Not Available

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Chemical warfare agent detectors probe the fogs of war  

SciTech Connect

The air-power-dominated Persian Gulf War was the largest massing of coalition forces since World War II. This short conflict left its own intriguing legacy of unanswered questions. Were chemical weapons used in the theater of war Some US Allies, many US service members, and a US Senator believe they were. Yet both US and U.K. defense establishments offer emphatic denials. If Saddam Hussein didn't use chemical weapons, how can the multitude of warning alarms that sounded, alarms indicating the presence of these warfare agents, be explained Did the chemical warfare (CW) agent monitors and detectors the US deployed operate properly And were they sensitive enough to detect not just militarily significant levels, for which troops would have had to don full protective gear, but also very low concentrations of these weapons, levels that Sen. Richard C. Shelby (D.-Ala.) believes may be responsible for the illnesses many Gulf War veterans are now experiencing In this paper, the author addressed these questions.

Ember, L.R. (C EN, Washington, DC (United States))

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

The War for the Greater Middle East Professor Andrew Bacevich  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

zones of conflict: the Persian Gulf (emphasizing Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran); Palestine (that is the implications of Persian Gulf oil for Great Power politics. What mechanisms were established to facilitate its exploitation and control? Who benefited as a result? How did Persian Gulf oil affect the conduct of World War

Guenther, Frank

206

The Cavalier Image in the Civil War and the Southern Mind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the military exploits of several cavalry officers in both the Revolutionary War and the American Civil War. The Royalist cavalry during the English Civil War gave rise to the original Cavalier image, but as migrants came to Virginia during the seventeenth...

Allgood, Colt

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

207

Event-related potential patterns associated with hyperarousal in Gulf War illness syndrome groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Medicine Baltimore, MD, United States 1. Introduction Many veterans returned from the 1991 Persian Gulf War stimuli is one of the several symptoms widely reported by veterans of the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Many haveEvent-related potential patterns associated with hyperarousal in Gulf War illness syndrome groups

O'Toole, Alice J.

208

Stress and stressors of the early phases of the Persian Gulf War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...stressors of the early phases of the Persian Gulf War Robert K Gifford * Robert J...evaluating the stresses of the Persian Gulf War (PGW) today, we have the...2. Stressors of the early Persian Gulf War Importantly, on the whole...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Reduce Stress!  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stress! Stress! x Take a break every hour. Do some relaxation or stretching exercises or talk with someone about topics unrelated to work. Give your body and mind a rest. x Massage your hands and forearms several times a day with a vitamin E lotion. The massage will improve circulation and break up adhesions. Since you can't touch a keyboard until the lotion is absorbed, it also enforces a good break. x Massage the muscles in your neck working your way down from the skull to the shoulders, applying more force to the larger muscles as you go down. x Periodically evaluate your environment for ways to reduce stress. Try to keep your desk uncluttered so you can always find things. Make sure programs are set up correctly on the computer, and see if you can use a macro program to reduce

210

Cure for the Common Cold  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rumor has it that the medical profession suffers from too many cold and distant doctors. Studies have attempted to subject this notion to the scrutiny of science,, and although we could argue over their degree of success, we know it's true. We need only ask our patients in order to be regaled with... Rumor has it that the medical profession suffers from too many cold and distant doctors. Studies have attempted to subject this notion to the scrutiny of science,1,2 and although we could argue over their degree of success, we know it's true. We need only ...

Watts D.

2012-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

211

Manhattan Project: The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

American troops approaching the beach, D-Day, June 6, 1944. THE WAR ENTERS ITS FINAL PHASE American troops approaching the beach, D-Day, June 6, 1944. THE WAR ENTERS ITS FINAL PHASE (1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 Harry Truman being sworn in as president, April 12, 1945. On April 12, 1945, only weeks before Germany's unconditional surrender on May 7, President Franklin Roosevelt died suddenly in Warm Springs, Georgia. Vice President Harry S. Truman, a veteran of the United States Senate, was now president. Truman had not been privy to many of Roosevelt's internal policy deliberations and had to be briefed extensively in his first weeks in office. One of these briefings, provided by Secretary of War Henry Stimson on April 25, concerned S-1 (the Manhattan Project). Stimson, with Leslie Groves present during part of the meeting, traced the history of the Manhattan Project, summarized its status, and detailed the timetable for testing and combat delivery. Truman asked numerous questions during the forty-five minute meeting and made it clear that he understood the relevance of the atomic bomb to upcoming diplomatic and military initiatives.

212

Waves Forecasters in World War II (with a Brief Survey of Other Women Meteorologists in World War II)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Out of the nearly 6000 U.S. military officers who were trained to be weather forecasters during World War II, there wore approximately 100 women. They were recruited into the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES) by the U.S. Navy ...

J. M. Lewis

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Impacts of Optimized Cold & Hot Deck Reset Schedules on Dual Duct VAV Systems - Theory and Model Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of Optimized Cold & Hot Deck Reset Schedules on Dual Duct VAV Systems - Theory and Model Simulation Mingsheng Liu, Ph.D., P.E. Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University College Station, Texas Abstract Optimal hot and cold deck... rate increased from 30% to 70% of the maximum flow. Introduction Simultaneous heating and cooling can be reduced sigmficantly by optimizing cold and hot deck reset schedules in dual duct constant volume systems [Liu et. a1 1994, 1995, 19961...

Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Nuclear winter from gulf war discounted  

SciTech Connect

Would a major conflagration in Kuwait's oil fields trigger a climate catastrophe akin to the 'nuclear winter' that got so much attention in the 1980s This question prompted a variety of opinions. The British Meteorological Office and researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory concluded that the effect of smoke from major oil fires in Kuwait on global temperatures is likely to be small; however, the obscuration of sunlight might significantly reduce surface temperatures locally. Michael MacCracken, leader of the researchers at Livermore, predicts that the worst plausible oil fires in the Gulf would produce a cloud of pollution about as severe as that found on a bad day at the Los Angeles airport. The results of some mathematical modeling by the Livermore research group are reported.

Marshall, E.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Ice Heating Up Cold Clouds | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ice Heating Up Cold Clouds Ice Heating Up Cold Clouds In a heated battle, ice crystals win the competition for cloud water vapor The mighty cloud ice crystal appears deceptively...

216

Seize Opportunities to Reduce Cost  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Specify for maximum energy savings Specify for maximum energy savings Windows must meet local energy code requirements. For even higher energy performance, consider ENERGY STAR windows, which are recommended for low-rise dwellings and are often suitable for mid-rise dwellings as well. For window and storm window options with superior performance in cold climates, check out the U.S. Department of Energy's highly insulating windows purchasing program (see next page). Seize Opportunities to Reduce Cost Government or utility incentives and financing may be available for energy efficiency in low-income housing. Check www.dsireusa.org for up-to-date information on incentive

217

CTAX: the US/Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectromete at HFIR | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CTAX-US/Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer CTAX-US/Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer CTAX US/Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer (CG-4C). (larger image) The U.S.-Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer (CTAX) is a conventional triple-axis spectrometer with variable incident energy and variable monochromator-sample and sample-analyzer distances. The cold guide 4 bender and guide hall shielding reduce background levels at CG-4C, and the 15-cm-tall guide profile is well exploited by CG-4C's vertically focusing monochromator (PG 002). To enhance accommodation of strong magnetic fields at the sample position and to simplify future polarization analysis, the amount of ferromagnetic material has been minimized in the construction of this instrument. CG-4C is a collaboration of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Neutron

218

The U. S. Army Topographical Engineers in the Mexican War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surveys and gathered important geographic and economic information on New Mexico. Topographical Engineers were assigned to the field commands under Generals Taylor, Scott, and Wool, and the officers of the Corps (including Captains Joseph E. Johnston..., RECONNAISSANCE OF LIEUTENANT EMORY. V. LIEUTENANTS ABERT AND PECK IN NEW MEXICO. VI. TOPOGRAPHICAL ENGINEERS UNDER TAYLOR. VII. TOPOGRAPHICAL ENGINEERS WITH WOOL VVIII. TOPOGRAPHICAL ENGINEERS UNDER SCOTT 49 100 140 169 207 228 IX. OTHER WAR ACTIVITIES...

Traas, Adrian George

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

219

Nations At War I: Why do we keep building weapons?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is the first in series of four papers that present an analytical approach to war using game theory. We try to explore why is it that "true peace" can't be achieved and all or any efforts we make towards that goal will have huge road-blocks. A fairly simplistic and non technical overview of our approach is given in this paper using prisoner's dilemma.

Dhillon, Vikram

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Ultra-cold molecule production.  

SciTech Connect

The production of Ultra-cold molecules is a goal of many laboratories through out the world. Here we are pursuing a unique technique that utilizes the kinematics of atomic and molecular collisions to achieve the goal of producing substantial numbers of sub Kelvin molecules confined in a trap. Here a trap is defined as an apparatus that spatially localizes, in a known location in the laboratory, a sample of molecules whose temperature is below one degree absolute Kelvin. Further, the storage time for the molecules must be sufficient to measure and possibly further cool the molecules. We utilize a technique unique to Sandia to form cold molecules from near mass degenerate collisions between atoms and molecules. This report describes the progress we have made using this novel technique and the further progress towards trapping molecules we have cooled.

Ramirez-Serrano, Jamie; Chandler, David W.; Strecker, Kevin; Rahn, Larry A.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Confronting the Cold War Legacy: The Forgotten History of the American Colony in St. Petersburg / A Case Study of Reconciliation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Morton (New York: Frederick A. Stokes Company, 1937), 84. Although some of the characters featured in my research, including Morton, spent only short period of time in Russia, their contribution to raising awareness about the country back home, as well...: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003), 272. 10 See ibid. 11 Quoted in Frederick L Schuman, American Policy toward Russia since 1917: a study of diplomatic history, international law and public opinion (New York: International Publishers, 1928), 45. 12 Quoted...

Ginzburg, Lyubov Alexandrovna

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

222

U.S. nuclear nonproliferation policy in the Northeast Asian region during the cold war: The South Korean case  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In over forty years of relations with the United States, South Korean decision-makers have had plenty of time to estimate the costs and benefits of acquiring nuclear weapons. The puzzle becomes why South Korea...

Michael J. Siler

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Why Russia and NATO fail to reach a normative partnership : An analysis of the post-Cold War period.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Russian Federation both stated that we no longer (more)

Sletmoen, Signe Lill

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Justification for War: A Comparative Study of How George W. Bush and Tony Blair Presented the Iraq War to Their Respective Citizens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Iraq War to Their Respective Citizens Lori Maguire, Université de Paris 8 Now this paper may seem a bit out of place in a publication on electoral strategies. The Iraq War enjoyed wide support in the United At the time Meyer thought it was just platitudes but the words returned to haunt him during the Iraq crisis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

225

Nuclear proliferation and testing: A tale of two treaties  

SciTech Connect

Despite progress in reducing stockpiles after the end of the Cold War, the disturbing actions of some nations could spread nuclear weapon capabilities and enlarge existing arsenals.

Corden, Pierce S.; Hafemeister, David

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

T-661: ColdFusion Security Hotfix | APSB11-14, ColdFusion Important Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: ColdFusion Security Hotfix | APSB11-14, ColdFusion Important 1: ColdFusion Security Hotfix | APSB11-14, ColdFusion Important Update T-661: ColdFusion Security Hotfix | APSB11-14, ColdFusion Important Update July 5, 2011 - 7:57am Addthis PROBLEM: ColdFusion 9.0.1, ColdFusion 9, ColdFusion 8.0.1, and ColdFusion 8 are affected with vulnerabilities mentioned in the security bulletins APSB11-14 and APSB11-15. ColdFusion 9.0.1, 9.0, 8.0.1 and 8.0 for Windows, Macintosh and UNIX (APSB11-14); ColdFusion integrated/installed with LCDS (APSB11-15) PLATFORM: ColdFusion 9.0.1, 9.0, 8.0.1 and 8.0 for Windows, Macintosh and UNIX ABSTRACT: Vulnerabilities have been identified in ColdFusion 9.0.1 and earlier versions for Windows, Macintosh and UNIX. These vulnerabilities could lead to a cross-site request forgery (CSRF) or a remote denial-of-service (DoS).

227

Public Health Implications of Mass Rape as a Weapon of War.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Although rape and other forms of sexual violence have historically been present during wartime, it has recently become a strategic weapon of war in (more)

Ayele, Missale

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

The U.S. Government and Journalists Reactance to the News Coverage of the Iraq Wars.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis explores whether the government's reactance to the media coverage of the 1991 Persian Gulf War led to the way in which journalistic independence (more)

Shortt, Celia M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yaphe, Judith S. 2004. Iraq Considered: Review Article. Post-war Reconstruction in Iraq: The Case Study of BasrahWord: Political Discourse in Iraq. Oxford University Press.

McIntyre, Adrian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Higher prices or gasoline lines loom if Iran-Iraq war lasts into spring  

SciTech Connect

Policies for dealing with the gasoline shortage caused by the Iran-Iraq war are predicted. Options for allocations of existing supplies are discussed. (PSB)

Madison, C.

1981-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

231

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF AUDIOVISUAL TECHNIQUES IN NEWS COVERAGE OF THE WARS IN IRAQ.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is a study in the change of the use of audiovisual elements between the 1991 Gulf War news coverage and the 2003 Iraq (more)

Todd, Michael David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

An Informational Theory of Midterm Elections: The Impact of Iraq War Deaths on the 2006 Election.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There has been much scholarly attention directed at the Iraq war's role in determining voter choice. I attempt to extend that research into voter turnout (more)

Kahanek, Jared E.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Book Review: Whose America? Culture Wars in the Public Schools by Jonathan Zimmerman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reviewed work(s): Whose America? Culture Wars in the Public Schools by Jonathan Zimmerman. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002. 307 pp

Rury, John L.

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

International workshop on cold neutron sources  

SciTech Connect

The first meeting devoted to cold neutron sources was held at the Los Alamos National Laboratory on March 5--8, 1990. Cosponsored by Los Alamos and Oak Ridge National Laboratories, the meeting was organized as an International Workshop on Cold Neutron Sources and brought together experts in the field of cold-neutron-source design for reactors and spallation sources. Eighty-four people from seven countries attended. Because the meeting was the first of its kind in over forty years, much time was spent acquainting participants with past and planned activities at reactor and spallation facilities worldwide. As a result, the meeting had more of a conference flavor than one of a workshop. The general topics covered at the workshop included: Criteria for cold source design; neutronic predictions and performance; energy deposition and removal; engineering design, fabrication, and operation; material properties; radiation damage; instrumentation; safety; existing cold sources; and future cold sources.

Russell, G.J.; West, C.D. (comps.) (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)) [comps.; Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Outdoor sound propagation in the U.S. Civil War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a number of major battles in the U.S. Civil War unusual atmospheric acoustics played a major role. In this study the probable causes of the unusual acoustics are given and the resulting effect on military command decisions is described. The causes discussed include sound absorption wind shear temperature gradients and combinations of these. Several cases will also be described in which multiple ground reflections caused sounds of battle to be heard at unusually great distances. The battles studied include Gettysburg Seven Pines Perryville Iuka Fort Donelson Gaines Mill Five Forks and Chancellorsville.

Charles D. Ross

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

PHEV Engine Cold Start Emissions Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cold Start Emissions Management Paul Chambon, Dr. David Smith Oak Ridge National Laboratory Dr. David Irick, Dean Deter The University of Tennessee Poster Location P-05 2 Managed...

237

Cold dark matter heats up  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the principal discoveries in modern cosmology is that standard model particles (including baryons, leptons and photons) together comprise only 5% of the mass-energy budget of the Universe. The remaining 95% consists of dark energy and dark matter (DM). Consequently our picture of the universe is known as {\\Lambda}CDM, with {\\Lambda} denoting dark energy and CDM cold dark matter. {\\Lambda}CDM is being challenged by its apparent inability to explain the low density of DM measured at the centre of cosmological systems, ranging from faint dwarf galaxies to massive clusters containing tens of galaxies the size of the Milky Way. But before making conclusions one should carefully include the effect of gas and stars, which were historically seen as merely a passive component during the assembly of galaxies. We now understand that these can in fact significantly alter the DM component, through a coupling based on rapid gravitational potential fluctuations.

Pontzen, Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Rules of Engagement: Performance and Identity in the War on Terror  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

but for decades afterward, but do we fully understand the cost of the relationship between today's war-fighters and performance's role in the military? In this MA thesis, based on ethnographic fieldwork with veterans of the War on Terror, I explore...

Piepenbrink, Emily

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

239

''That truth that lives unchangeably'': The role of ontology in the just war tradition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The just war tradition as we know it has its origins with Christian theology. In this dissertation, I examine the theological, in particular ontological, presuppositions of St. Augustine of Hippo in his elucidation of just war. By doing so, I show...

Gray, Phillip Wesley

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

240

Abstract B137: Cancer in population exposed to the Persian Gulf War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cancer in population exposed to the Persian Gulf War Alireza Mosavi-Jarrahi The...events that occurred during the Persian Gulf War made a severe impact on the...crude oil were released into the Persian Gulf from tankers and oil terminals...

Alireza Mosavi?Jarrahi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A Trojan horse: Anti-communism and the war on drugs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work argues the U.S. War on Drugs is a misnomer. We suggest, instead, that it is secondary to traditional anti-Communist foreign policy concerns. Thus, the war on drugs serves to mask the U.S. counter...

Bruce Bullington; Alan A. Block

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

R-Cold: Order (2013-CE-5354)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered R-Cold, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding R-Cold had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler or freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

243

Fighting for frames or prospects for peace? : building a prospect theory model of ethnic civil war termination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ethnic civil wars are the most abundant form of large-scale, deadly conflict in the world today, yet the dedicated study of ethnic civil war is relatively new within political science. One empirical observation repeated ...

Butts, Robert Davis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

"No Sacrifice is too Great, save that of Honor": Honor, Death, and Psychological Combat Trauma in the American Civil War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Examination of honor culture and attitudes toward death and dying found in letters, diaries, and newspapers - from the colonial and revolutionary period through the Civil War era - strongly suggests that Civil War soldiers ...

Sheffer, Debra J.

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

245

The health effects of deployment frequency and duration in US military service members supporting the Global War on Terrorism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science Board Task Force on Persian Gulf War Health Effects.Ann Clin Psychiatry. The Iowa Persian Gulf Study Group.health status among Persian Gulf War veterans: a population-

Smith, Besa

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Acetylcholinesterase inhibition and Gulf War illnesses: Conclusions are not supported by independent reviews of the same evidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Health Research Naval Health Research Center, San...King's Centre for Military Health Research, King's...of Medicine ( 2000 ) Depleted Uranium, Sarin, Pyridostigmine...Committee on Gulf War and Health ( 2004 ) Gulf War and...

Dan Blazer; Gregory C. Gray; Matthew Hotopf; Gary Macfarlane; Malcolm Sim; Tyler C. Smith; Simon Wessely

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Who Will Care for the Orphans? Womens Contributions during Chinas War against Japan (1937-1945)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chinas War against Japan (1937-1945) Nicole Elizabeth6, 2009 On July 7, 1939 Japans Imperial Army sparked an 8-although Chinas War against Japan largely adhered to this

Barnes, Nicole Elizabeth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

All Electric Houses in Cold Climates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Houses Electric Houses in Cold Climates Duncan Prahl, RA IBACOS BA Tech Update, April 29, 2013 Denver CO All Electric Houses in Cold Climates Caveats About Me: * I'm an Architect * I love math and science, but I'm not going to marry it * My engineering skills are primarily based on osmosis and graphics * "Close enough is good enough" All Electric Houses in Cold Climates Utility Unbundling * True costs becoming "transparent" * Allows for next level of analysis * Cash flow, Total Cost of Ownership All Electric Houses in Cold Climates Martha's Vineyard Community Images courtesy South Mountain Company All Electric Houses in Cold Climates Specifications Building System Specification Below Slab R-20 extruded polystyrene (XPS) foam Foundation Walls R-20 poly iso foam

249

Americans and Iraq, twelve years apart: Comparing support for the US wars in Iraq  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Significant differences exist in Americans support for force between the 1991 Persian Gulf War and 2003 Iraq War, even when holding all demographic variables constant. Nearly every group decreased their support from 1991 to 2003, including men and women, Whites and racial minorities, people with high school degrees or higher, nearly all age categories, and Democrat and Independent affiliated individuals. When examining potential causes for decreased support in the 2003 Iraq War, the nature of the conflict presents the strongest argument and evidence. The Persian Gulf War aimed to force the Iraqi army from Kuwait, while the Iraq War was aimed at changing the governmental regime of Iraq. The latter conflict was less socially acceptable than the former to Americans. These differences between the conflicts are the best explanation for the change in support, while other explanations, including the changing composition of the population and a less pro-military populace, are insufficient.

Dana M. Williams; Suzanne R. Slusser

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Hewlett and Holl - Atoms for Peace and War | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Operational Management » History » Historical Resources » Operational Management » History » Historical Resources » History Publications » Hewlett and Holl - Atoms for Peace and War Hewlett and Holl - Atoms for Peace and War Richard G. Hewlett and Jack M. Holl. Atoms for Peace and War: The Eisenhower Administration and the Atomic Energy Commission. A History of the Atomic Energy Commission, Volume III. Text in each PDF is fully searchable. HewlettandHollAtomsforPeaceandWarComplete.pdf HewlettandHollAtomsforPeaceandWarPicturesOnly.pdf More Documents & Publications A History of the Atomic Energy Commission Hewlett and Duncan - Atomic Shield The History of Nuclear Energy Aviation Management Green Leases Executive Secretariat Energy Reduction at HQ Real Estate Approvals Documents and Publications Facilities and Infrastructure

251

Extreme Cold Weather Warning Recent subzero wind chill temperatures have understandably brought cold stress to a heighten  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extreme Cold Weather Warning Recent subzero wind chill temperatures have understandably brought for Disease Control and Prevention advise that if you are going outside in extreme cold, dress appropriately. Workers who are exposed to extreme cold or work in cold environments may be at risk of cold stress

Cantlon, Jessica F.

252

Trade war in the Pacific: ASEAN and the Trans-Pacific Partnership https://theconversation.edu.au/trade-war-in-the-pacific-asean-and-the-trans-pacific-partnership-10937[3/12/2012 11:38:09 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trade war in the Pacific: ASEAN and the Trans-Pacific Partnership https://theconversation.edu.au/trade-war-in-the-pacific-asean-and-the-trans-pacific-partnership-10937[3/12/2012 11:38:09 AM] TC Home + Society Science + Technology Trade war in the Pacific: ASEAN and the Trans-Pacific Partnership 30 November

Botea, Adi

253

Cold Air Distribution in Office Buildings: Technology Assessment for California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1988. Cold Air Distribution Design Guide. EPRI Report EM-match the cold air distribution design, the floor-to-floorinclude cold air distribution in their designs. The projects

Bauman, F.S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly Explore GO Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly About Like this post? Subscribe to our RSS feed and stay up to date. Biofuels War: The New Scramble in Africa, Ethiopia, Europe, Ghana, Global, Tanzania, United States of America Biofuels war has broken out

255

Visual event-related potentials as markers of hyperarousal in Gulf War illness: Evidence against a stress-related etiology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Persian Gulf War. These symptomologies have been attributed to damage and dysfunction associated to be associated with the 1991 Persian Gulf War were the distractor stimuli. Hyperarousal reported by ill veterans. Introduction Veterans who were deployed during the 1991 Persian Gulf War have reported clusters of symptoms

O'Toole, Alice J.

256

Cold nuclear fusion in metallic hydrogen and normal metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rate of nuclear fusion from tunneling in very dense metallic hydrogen in the core of Jupiter is calculated to be 10-50 per hydrogen-deuterium pair per second. It is estimated that the width of the fusion barrier for deuterium in palladium or a similar metal must be reduced to, of order, 0.1 A? for the fusion rate to be 10-25 per deuterium per second. If this scale is achieved, the ratios of various nuclear reaction rates will be very different for cold versus thermonuclear fusion.

Charles J. Horowitz

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Supercharger for Heat Pumps in Cold Climates | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Supercharger for Heat Pumps in Cold Climates Supercharger for Heat Pumps in Cold Climates Emerging Technologies Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer...

258

Cold Crucible Induction Melter Studies for Making Glass Ceramic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cold Crucible Induction Melter Studies for Making Glass Ceramic Waste Forms: A Feasibility Assessment. Cold Crucible Induction Melter Studies for Making Glass Ceramic Waste Forms:...

259

Cold Climate Heat Pump Projects at Purdue University & the Living Lab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11/10/2011 6 #12;System Design · 19 kW (~65000 Btu/h) at -20 OC (-4 OF) · Install strip electric heat pump optimized for heating » Greatly reduce or eliminate need for auxiliary electric resistance heatingCold Climate Heat Pump Projects at Purdue University & the Living Lab at the new Herrick Labs

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

260

Cold quark matter in compact stars  

SciTech Connect

We used an equation of state for the cold quark matter to the study of properties of quark stars. We also discuss the absolute stability of quark matter and compute the mass-radius relation for self-bound stars.

Franzon, B.; Fogaca, D. A.; Navarra, F. S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo Rua do Matao, Travessa R, 187, 05508-090 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Horvath, J. E. [Instituto de Astronomia, Geofisica e Ciencias Atmosfericas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua do Matao, 1226, 05508-090, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Detecting Topological Phases in Cold Atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chern insulators are band insulators which exhibit a gap in the bulk and gapless excitations in the edge. Detection of Chern insulators is a serious challenge in cold atoms since the Hall transport measurements are technically ...

Liu, Xiong-Jun

262

Some Calculations for Cold Fusion Superheavy Elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Q value and optimal exciting energy of the hypothetical superheavy nuclei in cold fusion reaction are calculated with relativistic mean field model and semiemperical shell model mass equation(SSME) and the validity of the two models is tested. The fusion barriers are also calculated with two different models and reasonable results are obtained. The calculations can give useful references for the experiments in the superheavy nuclei synthesized in cold fusion reactions.

Zhong, X H; Ning, P Z

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Some Calculations for Cold Fusion Superheavy Elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Q value and optimal exciting energy of the hypothetical superheavy nuclei in cold fusion reaction are calculated with relativistic mean field model and semiemperical shell model mass equation(SSME) and the validity of the two models is tested. The fusion barriers are also calculated with two different models and reasonable results are obtained. The calculations can give useful references for the experiments in the superheavy nuclei synthesized in cold fusion reactions.

X. H. Zhong; L. Li; P. Z. Ning

2004-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

264

Implications of Theoretical Ideas Regarding Cold Fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A lot of theoretical ideas have been floated to explain the so called cold fusion phenomenon. I look at a large subset of these and study further physical implications of the concepts involved. I suggest that these can be tested by other independent physical means. Because of the significance of these the experimentalists are urged to look for these signatures. The results in turn will be important for a better understanding and hence control of the cold fusion phenomenon.

Afsar Abbas

1995-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

265

The Cornell University cold neutron beam facility  

SciTech Connect

The final version of a cold neutron beam facility under development at the Cornell 500-kW TRIGA reactor is nearing completion. The facility will provide an ultra-low background subthermal neutron beam, primarily for nuclear reaction experiments such as (n,gamma) and (n,ce) studies and applications such as prompt gamma neutron activation analysis. Its uses will also include exploration of new cold neutron methods and training of graduate students in cold neutron techniques. The facility employs a 13-m long Curved (500-m radius) Ni-on-glass neutron guide (2 cm x 5 cm) to filter out fast neutrons and gamma rays, location of the guide exit in a room isolated from other beams, cold neutrons to increase transmission through the guide, a mesitylene moderator at ca. 30K that avoids hazards of liquid hydrogen or solid methane, and cooling by Cu cold fingers attached to a cryorefrigerator outside the reactor bulk shield. The mesitylene chamber and the first 3 meters of guide are installed in a standard beamplug shell so that no modifications of the reactor structure were required. Design features of the cold source proper have been published in an article that also describes earlier stages of the project, and more recent design details and extensive subsystem tests are reported elsewhere. Final assembly and testing of the beamplug assembly is Currently underway (June 1994); completion is expected in Fall 1994. The project has involved more than seven graduate and undergraduate students.

Clark, D.D. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

266

Civil War Icon Becomes National Clean Energy Model | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Civil War Icon Becomes National Clean Energy Model Civil War Icon Becomes National Clean Energy Model Civil War Icon Becomes National Clean Energy Model December 2, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Sunita Satyapal Program Manager, Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technology Program Nearly a century and a half after the first shots of the Civil War, Fort Sumter National Monument is poised to become a national model for clean energy. By adopting solar and hydrogen fuel cell technologies, the monument will generate clean, renewable power - establishing itself as an energy self-sufficient island. This project is part of the Energy SmartPARKS initiative. This first-of-its-kind collaboration - launched in 2008 with the Department of Energy, Department of Interior, and the National Park Service - is designed to implement and showcase sustainable energy

267

Civil War Icon Becomes National Clean Energy Model | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Civil War Icon Becomes National Clean Energy Model Civil War Icon Becomes National Clean Energy Model Civil War Icon Becomes National Clean Energy Model December 2, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Sunita Satyapal Program Manager, Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technology Program Nearly a century and a half after the first shots of the Civil War, Fort Sumter National Monument is poised to become a national model for clean energy. By adopting solar and hydrogen fuel cell technologies, the monument will generate clean, renewable power - establishing itself as an energy self-sufficient island. This project is part of the Energy SmartPARKS initiative. This first-of-its-kind collaboration - launched in 2008 with the Department of Energy, Department of Interior, and the National Park Service - is designed to implement and showcase sustainable energy

268

Clipping the Eagle's Wings: The Limiting of the Korean Air War, 1950-1953  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purpose: This work examines the transition in aerial warfare that took place during the Korean War (1950-1953). Before the conflict, air power was conceived of primarily an instrument of unlimited, or total, warfare. Yet Korea, and all subsequent...

Horky, Roger Karl

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

269

Carl Vinson and pre-war naval legislation 1932-1940  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Congress who feared America would be drawn into another European war. Vinson also had to persuade fiscal conservatives opposed to increasing the budget deficit that funding naval construction was in the nation's best interests. Additionally, Vinson...

Svonavec, Stephen Charles

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

270

How severely was the Persian Gulf affected by oil spills following the 1991 Gulf War?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ostracods from 14 surface sediment samples taken from the northwest part of the Persian Gulf (Iranian side) at water depths of ... pollution caused by oil spills following the 1991 Gulf War. With the exception...

Nasser Mostafawi

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

The challenges of exposure assessment in health studies of Gulf War veterans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...veterans with health outcomes in military...as pesticide or depleted uranium (DU) exposure...preventing ill health arising from war...2004Health effects of depleted uranium on exposed Gulf...Toxicol. Environ. Health A. 67, 277-296...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Sanctions, War, Occupation and the De-Development of Education in Iraq  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In August 1990, the United Nations Security Council imposed economic sanctions on Iraq. These ended in May 2003. Ever ... which the war launched by Coalition Forces against Iraq ended, the country has been under ...

Agustn Velloso De Santisteban

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

How an Elite-Engineered Moral Panic Led to the U.S. War on Iraq  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Critics argue that the G.W. Bush administration deliberately misled the U.S. public about an Iraqi threat after 9/11 but empirical evidence that presidential deception influenced public support for war has been l...

Scott A. Bonn

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

THE LEBANESE CIVIL WAR (1975-1990): CAUSES AND COSTS OF CONFLICT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the factors that caused and sustained the 1975-1990 Lebanese civil war and aims to identify the main causes of the conflict. The author relies heavily on the Collier-Hoeffler Model but does not limit ...

Mohti, Zakaria Mounir

2010-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

275

World War II role of Oak Ridge National Lab featured in second...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

role of Oak Ridge National Lab featured in second 70th anniversary lecture Talk by Ray Smith about that laboratory's role during World War II and the shared national security...

276

All one could desire British women remember life in post war Germany  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of being British in Germany was not experienced in the sameremember life in post war Germany My PhD thesis attempts toof the British occupation of Germany which took place 1945-

Easingwood, Ruth

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The War in the Desert: The Vietnam Antiwar Movement in the American Southwest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE WAR IN THE DESERT: THE VIETNAM ANTIWAR MOVEMENT IN THE AMERICAN SOUTHWEST A Thesis by BRANDON MICHAEL WARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS August 2009 Major Subject: History THE WAR IN THE DESERT: THE VIETNAM ANTIWAR MOVEMENT IN THE AMERICAN SOUTHWEST A Thesis by BRANDON MICHAEL WARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies...

Ward, Brandon M.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

278

A review of "War and Competition Between States." by Philippe Contamine, ed.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REVIEWS 101 neous and revealing dialogue never became part of our civilization?s print record until comparatively recently makes its immediacy rather stunning to the modern reader. Rarely do we see so clearly, without ?mediation,? into the heart... modern Europe lived under the constant shadow of warfare. Even during those rare times when a war was not being fought somewhere during this period, preparations for future wars were underway. The daily reality for state leaders, members...

Michael R. Lynn

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Biggest oil spill tackled in gulf amid war, soft market  

SciTech Connect

Industry is scrambling to cope with history's biggest oil spill against the backdrop of a Persian Gulf war and a softening oil market. U.S. and Saudi Arabian officials accused Iraq of unleashing an oil spill of about 11 million bbl into the Persian Gulf off Kuwait last week by releasing crude from the giant Sea Island tanker loading terminal at Mina al Ahmadi. Smart bombs delivered by U.S. aircraft hit two onshore tank farm manifold stations, cutting off the terminal's source of oil flow Jan. 26. A small volume of oil was still leaking from 13 mile feeder pipelines to the terminal at presstime. Press reports quoted U.S. military and Saudi officials as estimating the slick at 35 miles long and 10 miles wide but breaking up in some areas late last week. Meantime, Iraq reportedly opened the valves at its Mina al Bakr marine terminal at Fao to spill crude into the northern gulf. BBC reported significant volumes of crude in the water off Fao 24 hr after the terminal valves were opened. Mina al Bakr is a considerably smaller terminal than Sea Island, suggesting that the resulting flow of oil would be smaller than that at Sea Island.

Not Available

1991-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

280

Simplification of the tug-of-war model for cellular transport in cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transport of organelles and vesicles in living cells can be well described by a kinetic tug-of-war model advanced by M\\"uller, Klumpp and Lipowsky. In which, the cargo is attached by two motor species, kinesin and dynein, and the direction of motion is determined by the number of motors which bind to the track. In recent work [Phys. Rev. E 79, 061918 (2009)], this model was studied by mean field theory, and it was found that, usually the tug-of-war model has one, two, or three distinct stable stationary points. However, the results there are mostly obtained by numerical calculations, since it is hard to do detailed theoretical studies to a two-dimensional nonlinear system. In this paper, we will carry out further detailed analysis about this model, and try to find more properties theoretically. Firstly, the tug-of-war model is simplified to a one-dimensional equation. Then we claim that the stationary points of the tug-of-war model correspond to the roots of the simplified equation, and the stable stationary points correspond to the roots with positive derivative. Bifurcation occurs at the corresponding parameters, under which the simplified one-dimensional equation exists root with zero derivative. Using the simplified equation, not only more properties of the tug-of-war model can be obtained analytically, the related numerical calculations will become more accurate and more efficient. This simplification will be helpful to future studies of the tug-of-war model.

Yunxin Zhang

2010-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Thermal comfort and cold air distribution  

SciTech Connect

Cold air distribution systems supply air at temperatures between 38 F and 51 F. Cold air distribution systems are increasingly attractive when used in conjunction with ice storage systems to shave peak load by shifting the demand to off-peak hours. They also require less operating and capital costs because they use smaller fans, ducts, piping, and pumps. However, an important issue in design and application of cold air systems is the effect on occupant comfort. There are several techniques and methodologies that practitioners use for evaluation of conventional air distribution systems. Among these is the Air Diffusion Performance Index (ADPI). It is widely used in the US and is referenced in the 1993 ASHRAE Handbook--Fundamentals. However, this technique is based on empirical correlations obtained from tests conducted with conventional systems and it cannot be guaranteed that they will be equally applicable to cold air systems. This study was undertaken, therefore, to extend the existing techniques (especially the Air Diffusion Performance Index) to applications where cold air distribution systems are utilized. This work presents a critical review of the evolution of the ADPI technique and offers several recommendations for developing a firm foundation for future room air distribution research.

Hassani, V. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Miller, P.L. [Miller (Paul), Arvada, CO (United States)

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Rapid pipeline repair technology for war damage recovery. Technical note  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the development of three experimental pipeline couplers for rapid repair of fuel lines damaged in an attack. The experimental couplers are: (1) the Cold Forge coupler, (2) the Internal Coupler, and (3) the Inflatable Seal Coupler. The focus of the evaluation was to determine the feasibility of rapidly repairing bomb-damaged fuel lines with each coupler, particularly underground pipelines made of carbon steel. Evaluating the feasibility of repair with each coupler was based on such aspects as installations speed and effectiveness. The test results confirmed that each coupler could be used during base recovery, operations to rapidly and effectively repair a fuel pipeline that may be out-of-round or highly misaligned. Recommended that each experimental coupler be taken into advanced development for extensive testing and field evaluation. Base recovery, Expedient pipeline repair, Utility repair.

Anguiano, G.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Photo of the Week: Cold as Ice - Using Titan to Build More Efficient Wind  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cold as Ice - Using Titan to Build More Cold as Ice - Using Titan to Build More Efficient Wind Turbines Photo of the Week: Cold as Ice - Using Titan to Build More Efficient Wind Turbines January 10, 2014 - 2:53pm Addthis Wind energy is one of the world's fast-growing energy sources -- and many of the regions that could benefit from wind energy happen to be in cold climates. Since 2005, scientists at GE Global Research have been researching, developing and testing materials in freezing conditions. By developing more efficient materials for wind turbines, researchers can increase turbine efficiency and reduce potential downtime for wind turbines in cold climates. The teams use Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Titan, the world's most powerful supercomputer, to simulate hundreds of water droplets as they freeze, with each droplet containing one million molecules. By simulating and studying how water freezes on a molecular level, scientists are gaining an understanding of how ice forms, which will help them design better, more efficient materials for these colder climates. Pictured here is an illustration of a single water droplet, filled with molecules freezing in slow motion. Learn more about their research here. | Photo/visualization courtesy of M. Matheson, Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

284

The Gospel of indifference: rape as a weapon of war and the church in Rwanda and Sudan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Over the past two decades the global community has witnessed multiple genocides in which rape was/is used as a primary tactic of war and ethnic (more)

Gafford, Lindsay D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

GIS Based Study of Probable Causes of Increase in Cancer Incidences in Iraq After Gulf War 1991.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The use of banned toxic weapons in Iraq during Gulf War 1991 started new debates. The increase in cancer cases was the main focus (more)

Muhammad, Hassan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Presidential Ideology and Foreign Policy: President George W. Bush's Ideological Justification of the Decision to go to War against Iraq.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines the ideology of George W. Bush prior to and during the Iraq War. In the decision to invade Iraq in 2003, George (more)

Osburn, Benjamin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Cold-blooded and warm-blooded  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cold-blooded and warm-blooded Cold-blooded and warm-blooded Name: Walter Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: What is the fundamental difference between cold-blooded and warm- blooded creatures? I know that reptile blood is a bit different than mammal blood, but is that the difference or is it a difference in the other cells of the body? Replies: Warm blooded refers to an animals ability to maintain its body temperature at a constant level. Cold blooded animal's bodies stay at the temperature of environment around them (more or less). The mechanism by which a warm blooded animal does this is by generating heat, mostly through muscle movement (but by other biochemical processes too). An example of this is shivering. Warm blooded animals also cool themselves off by sweating, panting (and other ways). In mammals the hypothalamic area of the brain has much to do with controlling these reflex processes

288

Cold Climates Heat Pump Design Optimization  

SciTech Connect

Heat pumps provide an efficient heating method; however they suffer from sever capacity and performance degradation at low ambient conditions. This has deterred market penetration in cold climates. There is a continuing effort to find an efficient air source cold climate heat pump that maintains acceptable capacity and performance at low ambient conditions. Systematic optimization techniques provide a reliable approach for the design of such systems. This paper presents a step-by-step approach for the design optimization of cold climate heat pumps. We first start by describing the optimization problem: objective function, constraints, and design space. Then we illustrate how to perform this design optimization using an open source publically available optimization toolbox. The response of the heat pump design was evaluated using a validated component based vapor compression model. This model was treated as a black box model within the optimization framework. Optimum designs for different system configurations are presented. These optimum results were further analyzed to understand the performance tradeoff and selection criteria. The paper ends with a discussion on the use of systematic optimization for the cold climate heat pump design.

Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL] [ORNL; Shen, Bo [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Submesoscale Cold Filaments in the Gulf Stream  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A set of realistic, very high-resolution simulations is made for the Gulf Stream region using the oceanic model Regional Oceanic Modeling System (ROMS) to study the life cycle of the intense submesoscale cold filaments that form on the subtropical ...

Jonathan Gula; M. Jeroen Molemaker; James C. McWilliams

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Influence of projectile neutron number on cross section in cold fusion reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON CROSS SECTION IN COLD FUSION REACTIONS I. Dragojevi? ,type of reaction has been referred to as cold fusion. The study of cold fusion reactions is an indispensable

Dragojevic, I.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

NUCLEAR WASTE VITRIFICATION EFFICIENCY COLD CAP REACTIONS  

SciTech Connect

The cost and schedule of nuclear waste treatment and immobilization are greatly affected by the rate of glass production. Various factors influence the performance of a waste-glass melter. One of the most significant, and also one of the least understood, is the process of batch melting. Studies are being conducted to gain fundamental understanding of the batch reactions, particularly those that influence the rate of melting, and models are being developed to link batch makeup and melter operation to the melting rate. Batch melting takes place within the cold cap, i.e., a batch layer floating on the surface of molten glass. The conversion of batch to glass consists of various chemical reactions, phase transitions, and diffusion-controlled processes. These include water evaporation (slurry feed contains as high as 60% water), gas evolution, the melting of salts, the formation of borate melt, reactions of borate melt with molten salts and with amorphous oxides (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), the formation of intermediate crystalline phases, the formation of a continuous glass-forming melt, the growth and collapse of primary foam, and the dissolution of residual solids. To this list we also need to add the formation of secondary foam that originates from molten glass but accumulates on the bottom of the cold cap. This study presents relevant data obtained for a high-level-waste melter feed and introduces a one-dimensional (1D) mathematical model of the cold cap as a step toward an advanced three-dimensional (3D) version for a complete model of the waste glass melter. The 1D model describes the batch-to-glass conversion within the cold cap as it progresses in a vertical direction. With constitutive equations and key parameters based on measured data, and simplified boundary conditions on the cold-cap interfaces with the glass melt and the plenum space of the melter, the model provides sensitivity analysis of the response of the cold cap to the batch makeup and melter conditions. The model demonstrates that batch foaming has a decisive influence on the rate of melting. Understanding the dynamics of the foam layer at the bottom of the cold cap and the heat transfer through it appears crucial for a reliable prediction of the rate of melting as a function of the melter-feed makeup and melter operation parameters. Although the study is focused on a batch for waste vitrification, the authors expect that the outcome will also be relevant for commercial glass melting.

KRUGER AA; HRMA PR; POKORNY R

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

292

Nuclear waste vitrification efficiency: cold cap reactions  

SciTech Connect

The cost and schedule of nuclear waste treatment and immobilization are greatly affected by the rate of glass production. Various factors influence the performance of a waste-glass melter. One of the most significant, and also one of the least understood, is the process of batch melting. Studies are being conducted to gain fundamental understanding of the batch reactions, particularly those that influence the rate of melting, and models are being developed to link batch makeup and melter operation to the melting rate. Batch melting takes place within the cold cap, i.e., a batch layer floating on the surface of molten glass. The conversion of batch to glass consists of various chemical reactions, phase transitions, and diffusion-controlled processes. These include water evaporation (slurry feed contains as high as 60% water), gas evolution, the melting of salts, the formation of borate melt, reactions of borate melt with molten salts and with amorphous oxides (Fe2O3 and Al2O3), the formation of intermediate crystalline phases, the formation of a continuous glass-forming melt, the growth and collapse of primary foam, and the dissolution of residual solids. To this list we also need to add the formation of secondary foam that originates from molten glass but accumulates on the bottom of the cold cap. This study presents relevant data obtained for a high-level-waste melter feed and introduces a one-dimensional (1D) mathematical model of the cold cap as a step toward an advanced three-dimensional (3D) version for a complete model of the waste glass melter. The 1D model describes the batch-to-glass conversion within the cold cap as it progresses in a vertical direction. With constitutive equations and key parameters based on measured data, and simplified boundary conditions on the cold-cap interfaces with the glass melt and the plenum space of the melter, the model provides sensitivity analysis of the response of the cold cap to the batch makeup and melter conditions. The model demonstrates that batch foaming has a decisive influence on the rate of melting. Understanding the dynamics of the foam layer at the bottom of the cold cap and the heat transfer through it appears crucial for a reliable prediction of the rate of melting as a function of the melter-feed makeup and melter operation parameters. Although the study is focused on a batch for waste vitrification, the authors expect that the outcome will also be relevant for commercial glass melting.

Hrma, Pavel R.; Kruger, Albert A.; Pokorny, Richard

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Progress on a Miniature Cold-Atom Frequency Standard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atomic clocks play a crucial role in timekeeping, communications, and navigation systems. Recent efforts enabled by heterogeneous MEMS integration have led to the commercial introduction of Chip-Scale Atomic Clocks (CSAC) with a volume of 16 cm3, power consumption of 120 mW, and instability (Allan Deviation) of {\\sigma}({\\tau} = 1 sec) cooled atoms. In this paper, we present results describing the development of a miniature cold-atom apparatus for operation as a frequency standard. Our architecture is based on laser-cooling a sample of neutral atoms in a Magneto-Optical Trap (MOT) using a conical retro-reflector in a miniature vacuum chamber. Trapping the atoms in vacuum and performing microwave interrogation in the dark reduces the temperature sensitivity compared to va...

Scherer, David R; Mescher, Mark; Stoner, Richard; Timmons, Brian; Rogomentich, Fran; Tepolt, Gary; Mahnkopf, Sven; Noble, Jay; Chang, Sheng; Taylor, Dwayne

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cold Climate Heat Pump Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research

295

Cold neutron research facility at the Budapest Neutron Centre  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The new cold neutron research facility has been routinely operated at the Budapest Neutron Centre (BNC) since February 2001. This ... of equipment consists of a liquid hydrogen cold neutron source, an optimised s...

L. Rosta

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Cold quark matter, quadratic corrections, and gauge/string duality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We make an estimate of the quadratic correction in the pressure of cold quark matter using gauge/string duality.

Oleg Andreev

2010-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

297

World War II Fuel Shortages Spur Veteran into Action | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

World War II Fuel Shortages Spur Veteran into Action World War II Fuel Shortages Spur Veteran into Action World War II Fuel Shortages Spur Veteran into Action December 16, 2011 - 3:19pm Addthis Dr. Green (top row, third from the right) with his B-29 crew members in Xian, China. | Image courtesy of Dr. Alex Green. Dr. Green (top row, third from the right) with his B-29 crew members in Xian, China. | Image courtesy of Dr. Alex Green. Howard S. Marks Program Analyst On March 12, 1945, the newly-minted U.S. Army Air Corps Operations Analyst Alex E. S. Green was 28,000 feet above Kure Anchorage and nearby Hiroshima Bay. The Brooklyn, New York, native was serving aboard a B-29 reconnaissance aircraft. The crew's assigned mission was to find enemy ships before the planned U.S. invasion of Okinawa. During this time, now

298

World War II Fuel Shortages Spur Veteran into Action | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

World War II Fuel Shortages Spur Veteran into Action World War II Fuel Shortages Spur Veteran into Action World War II Fuel Shortages Spur Veteran into Action December 16, 2011 - 3:19pm Addthis Dr. Green (top row, third from the right) with his B-29 crew members in Xian, China. | Image courtesy of Dr. Alex Green. Dr. Green (top row, third from the right) with his B-29 crew members in Xian, China. | Image courtesy of Dr. Alex Green. Howard S. Marks Program Analyst On March 12, 1945, the newly-minted U.S. Army Air Corps Operations Analyst Alex E. S. Green was 28,000 feet above Kure Anchorage and nearby Hiroshima Bay. The Brooklyn, New York, native was serving aboard a B-29 reconnaissance aircraft. The crew's assigned mission was to find enemy ships before the planned U.S. invasion of Okinawa. During this time, now

299

Iraq War Veteran Finds New Career in Weatherization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Iraq War Veteran Finds New Career in Weatherization Iraq War Veteran Finds New Career in Weatherization Iraq War Veteran Finds New Career in Weatherization April 9, 2010 - 2:50pm Addthis Joshua DeLung An Army veteran who served in Iraq has found a new career weatherizing homes for poor residents. When Mike Flaherty of Newburgh, Ind., left the military in 2006 after five-and-a-half years and two deployments to Iraq as a petroleum supply specialist, he had limited "marketable skills" for the civilian job market, he says. Flaherty's Army career brought him to Colorado Springs, Colo., where he stayed after fulfilling his military duties. While taking a break from studying at Pike's Peak Community College last spring, he was recruited to join the first wave of weatherization training by the non-profit

300

Energy for the War Fighter: The Department of Defense Operational Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy for the War Fighter: The Department of Defense Operational Energy for the War Fighter: The Department of Defense Operational Energy Strategy Energy for the War Fighter: The Department of Defense Operational Energy Strategy June 14, 2011 - 5:08pm Addthis Maj. Sean M. Sadlier (left) of the U.S. Marine Corps Expeditionary Energy Office explains the solar power element of the Expeditionary Forward Operating Base concept to Col. Anthony Fernandez during the testing phase of this sustainable energy initiative. | Photo Courtesy of U.S. Marine Corps | Photo by Maj. Paul Greenberg | Maj. Sean M. Sadlier (left) of the U.S. Marine Corps Expeditionary Energy Office explains the solar power element of the Expeditionary Forward Operating Base concept to Col. Anthony Fernandez during the testing phase of this sustainable energy initiative. | Photo Courtesy of U.S. Marine

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Manhattan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Manhattan Project Speak of the Nation's History Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Manhattan Project Speak of the Nation's History November 28, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Manhattan Project veteran Ralph Gates (far right) celebrates Christmas in 1945. Gates contributed to the Voices of the Manhattan Project, a storytelling project launched by the Atomic Heritage Foundation and Los Alamos Historical Society. Manhattan Project veteran Ralph Gates (far right) celebrates Christmas in 1945. Gates contributed to the Voices of the Manhattan Project, a storytelling project launched by the Atomic Heritage Foundation and Los Alamos Historical Society. WASHINGTON, D.C. - A year out of high school in 1944, Nashville native

302

The War of the Currents: AC vs. DC Power | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The War of the Currents: AC vs. DC Power The War of the Currents: AC vs. DC Power The War of the Currents: AC vs. DC Power November 20, 2013 - 3:52pm Addthis Electrical transmission lines cross a snow-covered field in Dallas Dam, Oregon. | Photo courtesy of the Energy Department Flickr page. Electrical transmission lines cross a snow-covered field in Dallas Dam, Oregon. | Photo courtesy of the Energy Department Flickr page. Allison Lantero Allison Lantero Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Tesla vs. Edison Are you on #TeamTesla or #TeamEdison? Vote now on our website for your favorite inventor! Submit questions for Tesla and Edison experts to answer during our live Google+ Hangout on Thursday, Nov. 21, at 12:30 p.m. EST. Read our lists of top facts about Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla.

303

Anton Tran receives award from the Air War College | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Anton Tran receives award from the Air War College | National Nuclear Anton Tran receives award from the Air War College | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Anton Tran receives award from the Air ... Anton Tran receives award from the Air War College Posted By Office of Public Affairs Anton Tran Anton Tran, from NNSA's Office of Nuclear Weapon Surety and Quality, has

304

Iraq War Veteran Finds New Career in Weatherization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Iraq War Veteran Finds New Career in Weatherization Iraq War Veteran Finds New Career in Weatherization Iraq War Veteran Finds New Career in Weatherization April 9, 2010 - 2:50pm Addthis Joshua DeLung An Army veteran who served in Iraq has found a new career weatherizing homes for poor residents. When Mike Flaherty of Newburgh, Ind., left the military in 2006 after five-and-a-half years and two deployments to Iraq as a petroleum supply specialist, he had limited "marketable skills" for the civilian job market, he says. Flaherty's Army career brought him to Colorado Springs, Colo., where he stayed after fulfilling his military duties. While taking a break from studying at Pike's Peak Community College last spring, he was recruited to join the first wave of weatherization training by the non-profit

305

Page 1 of 3 Policy: Cold Weather Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

value. The Safety and Risk Management Policy endorses programs, procedures and resources which assist departments. 2. Extra notification to occupants prior to significant cold weather events. 3. Assist 1. Establish, with the assistance of SRM, cold weather procedures. 2. Follow established cold

Dyer, Bill

306

COLD FUSION ONE YEAR AFTER R. Battiston and C. Presilla  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

230 COLD FUSION ONE YEAR AFTER R. Battiston and C. Presilla Dipartimento di Fi$ica dell The one year long history of cold fusion is critically reviewed on the basis of the more recent results has of science. In this lecture we will discuss of the status of the cold fusion searches one year

Presilla, Carlo

307

Investigation of distortional buckling of cold-formed steel sections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigation of distortional buckling of cold-formed steel sections Researcher: Chong Ren Supervisors: Dr Long-yuan Li Dr Jian Yang Aims and Objectives Thin-walled, cold-formed steel sections considered to be the most popular products and account for a substantial proportion of cold-formed steel

Birmingham, University of

308

Cold Boot Key Recovery by Solving Polynomial Systems with Noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cold Boot Key Recovery by Solving Polynomial Systems with Noise Martin Albrecht and Carlos Cid 1 proposed in [9]; the technique was called Cold Boot attacks. When considering block ciphers Cold Boot attacks, was proposed in [9] and also provided an insight into the strength of a particular

Sheldon, Nathan D.

309

The Postwar Hospitalization Experience of U.S. Veterans of the Persian Gulf War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the Persian Gulf War, there were far fewer combat and medical casualties among U.S. military personnel than expected. Since returning from the Persian Gulf, however, some veterans have reported a variety of symptoms. The Departments of Defense, Veterans Affairs, and Health and Human Services... During the Persian Gulf War, there were far fewer combat and medical casualties among U.S. military personnel than expected.17 Since returning from the Persian Gulf, however, some veterans have reported a variety of symptoms.79 The Departments of ...

Gray G.C.; Coate B.D.; Anderson C.M.

1996-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

310

Mortality among U.S. Veterans of the Persian Gulf War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is persistent concern in the United States that veterans of the Persian Gulf War may have had a higher rate of postwar mortality than other veterans and that certain causes of death may have been especially frequent. Excess numbers of deaths from cardiovascular disease and even from malignant... There is persistent concern in the United States that veterans of the Persian Gulf War may have had a higher rate of postwar mortality than other veterans and that certain causes of death may have been especially frequent.1,2 Excess numbers of deaths from ...

Kang H.K.; Bullman T.A.

1996-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

311

Taking Women Seriously Makes us Smarter about the US War in Iraq  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3Taking Women Seriously Makes Us Smarter about the U.S. War in Iraq TAKING WOMEN SERIOUSLY MAKES US SMARTER ABOUT THE U.S. WAR IN IRAQ CYNTHIA ENLOE Clark University PREPARED BY ELIZABETH MIKLYA LEGERSKI University of Kansas Its great to be here...t really know what would be happening in Iraq now. But I had a sense that we should be talking about it, and that maybe we should try and ask the questionnot as if I have all the answersbut ask a very practical, down-to-earth question, and that question...

Enloe, Cynthia

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Method and apparatus for reducing cold-phase emissions by utilizing oxygen-enriched intake air  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An oxygen-enriched air intake control system for an internal combustion engine includes air directing apparatus to control the air flow into the intake of the engine. During normal operation of the engine, ambient air flowing from an air filter of the engine flows through the air directing apparatus into the intake of the engine. In order to decrease the amount of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions that tend to be produced by the engine during a short period of time after the engine is started, the air directing apparatus diverts for a short period of time following the start up of the engine at least a portion of the ambient air from the air filter through a secondary path. The secondary path includes a selectively permeable membrane through which the diverted portion of the ambient air flows. The selectively permeable membrane separates nitrogen and oxygen from the diverted air so that oxygen enriched air containing from about 23% to 25% oxygen by volume is supplied to the intake of the engine.

Poola, Ramesh B. (Woodridge, IL); Sekar, Ramanujam R. (Naperville, IL); Stork, Kevin C. (Chicago, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Scale Invariance and Universality in a Cold Gas of Indirect Excitons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We address, theoretically, the puzzling similarity observed in the thermodynamic behavior of independent clouds of cold dipolar excitons in coupled semiconductor quantum wells. We argue that the condensation of self-trapped exciton gas starts at the same critical temperature in all traps due to the specific scaling rule. As a consequence of the reduced dimensionality of the system, the scaling parameters appear to be insensitive to disorder.

S.?V. Andreev, A.?A. Varlamov, and A.?V. Kavokin

2014-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

314

During the past 20 years, the US has engaged in two wars but has participated in roughly 30 major mil-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-scale wars, most military training still focuses on war fight- ing. Furthermore, because military operations, Analysis, and Simulation Center Training in Peacekeeping Operations Using Virtual Environments mil- itary operations. Although such operations have far more complex rules of engagement than large

McKenzie, Rick

315

Stable Higgs Bosons as Cold Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a class of the gauge-Higgs unification models the 4D neutral Higgs boson, which is a part of the extra-dimensional component of the gauge fields, becomes absolutely stable as a consequence of the gauge invariance and dynamically generated new parity, serving as a promising candidate for cold dark matter (CDM). We show that the observed relic abundance of cold dark matter is obtained in the SO(5) x U(1) model in the warped space with the Higgs mass around 70 GeV. The Higgs-nucleon scattering cross section is found to be close to the current CDMS II and XENON10 bounds in the direct detection of dark matter.

Yutaka Hosotani; Pyungwon Ko; Minoru Tanaka

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

316

Cryogenic target formation using cold gas jets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus using cold gas jets for producing a substantially uniform layer of cryogenic materials on the inner surface of hollow spherical members having one or more layers, such as inertially imploded targets. By vaporizing and quickly refreezing cryogenic materials contained within a hollow spherical member, a uniform layer of the materials is formed on an inner surface of the spherical member. Basically the method involves directing cold gas jets onto a spherical member having one or more layers or shells and containing the cryogenic material, such as a deuterium-tritium (DT) mixture, to freeze the contained material, momentarily heating the spherical member so as to vaporize the contained material, and quickly refreezing the thus vaporized material forming a uniform layer of cryogenic material on an inner surface of the spherical member.

Hendricks, Charles D. (Livermore, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Cryogenic target formation using cold gas jets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus using cold gas jets for producing a substantially uniform layer of cryogenic materials on the inner surface of hollow spherical members having one or more layers, such as inertially imploded targets are disclosed. By vaporizing and quickly refreezing cryogenic materials contained within a hollow spherical member, a uniform layer of the materials is formed on an inner surface of the spherical member. Basically the method involves directing cold gas jets onto a spherical member having one or more layers or shells and containing the cryogenic material, such as a deuterium-tritium (DT) mixture, to freeze the contained material, momentarily heating the spherical member so as to vaporize the contained material, and quickly refreezing the thus vaporized material forming a uniform layer of cryogenic material on an inner surface of the spherical member. 4 figs.

Hendricks, C.D.

1980-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

318

Cryogenic target formation using cold gas jets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus using cold gas jets for producing a substantially uniform layer of cryogenic materials on the inner surface of hollow spherical members having one or more layers, such as inertially imploded targets. By vaporizing and quickly refreezing cryogenic materials contained within a hollow spherical member, a uniform layer of the materials is formed on an inner surface of the spherical member. Basically the method involves directing cold gas jets onto a spherical member having one or more layers or shells and containing the cryogenic material, such as a deuterium-tritium (DT) mixture, to freeze the contained material, momentarily heating the spherical member so as to vaporize the contained material, and quickly refreezing the thus vaporized material forming a uniform layer of cryogenic material on an inner surface of the spherical member.

Hendricks, Charles D. [Livermore, CA

1980-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

319

Cold condensation of dust in the ISM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The condensation of complex silicates with pyroxene and olivine composition at conditions prevailing in molecular clouds has been experimentally studied. For this purpose, molecular species comprising refractory elements were forced to accrete on cold substrates representing the cold surfaces of surviving dust grains in the interstellar medium. The efficient formation of amorphous and homogeneous magnesium iron silicates at temperatures of about 12 K has been monitored by IR spectroscopy. The gaseous precursors of such condensation processes in the interstellar medium are formed by erosion of dust grains in supernova shock waves. In the laboratory, we have evaporated glassy silicate dust analogs and embedded the released species in neon ice matrices that have been studied spectroscopically to identify the molecular precursors of the condensing solid silicates. A sound coincidence between the 10 micron band of the interstellar silicates and the 10 micron band of the low-temperature siliceous condensates can be...

Rouill, Gal; Krasnokutski, Serge A; Krebsz, Melinda; Henning, Thomas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. (2006), 132, pp. 30353058 doi: 10.1256/qj.06.36 Fohn/cold-pool interactions in the Rhine valley during MAP IOP 15  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

long lived in valleys and basins, where the surrounding topography reduces the advective air-mas¨ohn/cold-pool interactions in the Rhine valley during MAP IOP 15 By C. FLAMANT1, P. DROBINSKI1, M. FURGER2, B. CHIMANI3, S 2006; revised 10 July 2006) SUMMARY The f¨ohn/cold-pool interactions in the lower Alpine Rhine valley

Protat, Alain

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Cold Urticaria, Immunodeficiency, and Autoimmunity Related to PLCG2 Deletions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Supplementary Appendix) and generalized exposure to cold air, findings that are consistent with their reports that symptoms were often elicited by cold wind rather than contact with cold objects. Of the 27 subjects who were tested, 26 had immunologic abnormalities in addition to cold urticaria (Table S1... Analyses of families affected by cold urticaria, immunodeficiency, and autoimmunity implicate mutations that activate phospholipase C?2 (PLC?2), an enzyme pivotal to the translation of binding events at the cell surface to the intracellular milieu, as a cause of the disease.

Ombrello M.J.; Remmers E.F.; Sun G.

2012-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

322

Combined cold compressor/ejector helium refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A refrigeration apparatus having an ejector operatively connected with a cold compressor to form a two-stage pumping system. This pumping system is used to lower the pressure, and thereby the temperature of a bath of boiling refrigerant (helium). The apparatus as thus arranged and operated has substantially improved operating efficiency when compared to other processes or arrangements for achieving a similar low pressure.

Brown, Donald P. (Southold, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Combined cold compressor/ejector helium refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A refrigeration apparatus having an ejector operatively connected with a cold compressor to form a two-stage pumping system. This pumping system is used to lower the pressure, and thereby the temperature of a bath of boiling refrigerant (helium). The apparatus as thus arranged and operated has substantially improved operating efficiency when compared to other processes or arrangements for achieving a similar low pressure.

Brown, D.P.

1984-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

324

Cold Vacuum Drying Facility hazard analysis report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the methodology used in conducting the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF) hazard analysis to support the CVDF phase 2 safety analysis report (SAR), and documents the results. The hazard analysis was performed in accordance with DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for US Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports, and implements the requirements of US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Reports.

Krahn, D.E.

1998-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

325

Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

would in turn lower PHEV fuel costs and make them morestretches from fossil-fuel- powered conventional vehiclesbraking, as do Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions Making Plug-

Kammen, Daniel M.; Arons, Samuel M.; Lemoine, Derek M.; Hummel, Holmes

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Reduces electric energy consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consumption · Reduces nonhazardous solid waste and wastewater generation · Potential annual savings, and recycling. Alcoa provides the packaging, automotive, aerospace, and construction markets with a variety

327

COLD FRONTS AND GAS SLOSHING IN GALAXY CLUSTERS WITH ANISOTROPIC THERMAL CONDUCTION  

SciTech Connect

Cold fronts in cluster cool cores should be erased on short timescales by thermal conduction, unless protected by magnetic fields that are 'draped' parallel to the front surfaces, suppressing conduction perpendicular to the sloshing fronts. We present a series of MHD simulations of cold front formation in the core of a galaxy cluster with anisotropic thermal conduction, exploring a parameter space of conduction strengths parallel and perpendicular to the field lines. Including conduction has a strong effect on the temperature distribution of the core and the appearance of the cold fronts. Though magnetic field lines are draping parallel to the front surfaces, preventing conduction directly across them, the temperature jumps across the fronts are nevertheless reduced. The geometry of the field is such that the cold gas below the front surfaces can be connected to hotter regions outside via field lines along directions perpendicular to the plane of the sloshing motions and along sections of the front that are not perfectly draped. This results in the heating of this gas below the front on a timescale of a Gyr, but the sharpness of the density and temperature jumps may nevertheless be preserved. By modifying the gas density distribution below the front, conduction may indirectly aid in suppressing Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities. If conduction along the field lines is unsuppressed, we find that the characteristic sharp jumps seen in Chandra observations of cold front clusters do not form. Therefore, the presence of cold fronts in hot clusters is in contradiction with our simulations with full Spitzer conduction. This suggests that the presence of cold fronts in hot clusters could be used to place upper limits on conduction in the bulk of the intracluster medium. Finally, the combination of sloshing and anisotropic thermal conduction can result in a larger flux of heat to the core than either process in isolation. While still not sufficient to prevent a cooling catastrophe in the very central (r {approx} 5 kpc) regions of the cool core (where something else is required, such as active galactic nucleus feedback), it reduces significantly the mass of gas that experiences a cooling catastrophe outside those small radii.

ZuHone, J. A.; Markevitch, M. [Astrophysics Science Division, Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics, Code 662, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [Astrophysics Science Division, Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics, Code 662, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Ruszkowski, M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Lee, D. [The Flash Center for Computational Science, The University of Chicago, 5747 S. Ellis, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)] [The Flash Center for Computational Science, The University of Chicago, 5747 S. Ellis, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

328

HORRIFIC WEAPON OF WAR IS STILL DESTROYING LIVES By Mike Felker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HORRIFIC WEAPON OF WAR IS STILL DESTROYING LIVES By Mike Felker March 27 newspaper headline, and muscles could be destroyed and nerves severed. With horrific force, fragments of the weapon, along 45 Wed., April 13, 2005 #12;million to 50 million land mines in nearly 70 countries. All weapons

Plotkin, Joshua B.

329

You know what to do with them: The formulation of orders and engagement in war crimes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Based on a study of historical and social?psychological literature, this article examines the various strategies to which political, military, and police authorities have recourse to incite subordinates to engage in atrocities. Our hypothesis is that the formulation of orders plays an important role in processes aiming to get individuals to engage in war crimes. We studied three contexts (the Second World War, the Vietnam War, and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan) allowing us to propose a categorization of military orders to massacre or torture into five types: orders that give a choice, or are partial, coded, ambiguous, or fragmented. We add another specific category to the analysis, orders in the act. The analysis shows that in a democratic context, those giving orders tend to privilege vague, ambiguous, or partial orders, preserving appearances by being attentive to what may be verbalized and legality. In dictatorial contexts, order-givers tend instead to privilege explicit orders while trying to soften the psychological impact on subordinates (orders that give a choice, are coded, or are fragmented). We then discuss the consequences in terms of responsibility between the hierarchy and the executants.

Sophie Richardot

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

A thousand words: themes and trends in home front poster propaganda of the second world war  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. v TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT............... iii TABLE OF CONTENTS v CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION.. 1 II NAZI GERMANY.. 14 III... of the Second World War, Germanys propaganda machine printed millions of posters assuring the people of an inevitable German victory. By the close of 1942 and the beginning of 1943, the posters assuring Germany of certain victory were replaced by posters...

Thomas, Christopher C.

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

331

BEHIND THE VEIL THE REFORM OF ISLAM IN INTER-WAR ALBANIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

107 BEHIND THE VEIL THE REFORM OF ISLAM IN INTER-WAR ALBANIA OR THE SEARCH FOR A "MODERN" of the country. The dominant role of secularist elites paved the way for the "reform of Islam." This process in the organization and reform of official religious institutions. For example, it interfered in the organization

Boyer, Edmond

332

Memories of War: Exploring Victim-Victimizer Perspectives in Critical Content-Based Instruction in Japanese  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of nuclear power. The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus,of uranium for nuclear power. Over 30% of Japans importedNuclear Power Plant, and representations of peace and war in language arts and history textbooks used in Japan.

Kubota, Ryuko

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Preliminary report on: The coastal ecosystems 10 years after the 1991 Gulf War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from southern Kuwait to Abu Ali Island were smothered with oil and tar, erasing most of the local plant with solutes, where well degraded oil residues are also extracted and might indicate a high degree of oilPreliminary report on: The coastal ecosystems 10 years after the 1991 Gulf War oil spill by Dr

Damm, Bodo

334

Bridging Political Ecology and STS: A Field Analysis of the Rosgen Wars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bridging Political Ecology and STS: A Field Analysis of the Rosgen Wars Rebecca Lave Geography been ontological, political economy is another productive area for conversation between the two fields framework can bridge political ecology and STS, revealing the political economic relations central

Lave, Rebecca

335

Caught in the Crossfire: Strategies of Multinationals in Host Countries at War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on real options and foreign strategic exit, I link the costs attributable to war to the strategic responses of the MNE at the subsidiary level in a novel firm-vulnerability framework. In particular, I develop theory regarding whether a subsidiary will exit...

Dai, Li

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

336

Truman, Congress and the struggle for war and peace in Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, by what it did not do. Several themes are addressed in this project. One is how Truman and the congressional Democrats failed each other during the war. The president did not dedicate adequate attention to congressional relations early in his term...

Blomstedt, Larry Wayne

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Tuesday, March 14, 2006 POSTER SESSION I: AEOLIAN PROCESSES ON MARS: WAR OF THE WHIRLS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tuesday, March 14, 2006 POSTER SESSION I: AEOLIAN PROCESSES ON MARS: WAR OF THE WHIRLS 7:00 p, and static thresholds were devised. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVII (2006) full319.pdf #12;DUNE FORMS.F. Mullins, R. Hayward, K.L. Tanaka, U.S. Geological Survey, Astrogeology Team, 2255 N. Gemini Dr. Flagstaff

Rathbun, Julie A.

338

Reducing Diesel Engine Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reducing Reducing Diesel Engine Emissions 2 0 1 0 Green TransporTaTion TechnoloGies Compared to traditional gasoline engines, diesel engines require less maintenance, generate energy more efficiently, and produce less carbon dioxide emissions. But when uncontrolled, diesel engines churn out harmful emissions like particu- late matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides (NO x ). Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory are currently working to develop

339

Reduced shear power spectrum  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of ellipticities of background galaxies are sensitive to the reduced shear, the cosmic shear divided by (1-{kappa}) where {kappa} is the projected density field. They compute the difference between shear and reduced shear both analytically and with simulations. The difference becomes more important an smaller scales, and will impact cosmological parameter estimation from upcoming experiments. A simple recipe is presented to carry out the required correction.

Dodelson, Scott; /Fermilab /Chicago U., Astron. Astrophys. Ctr. /Northwestern U.; Shapiro, Charles; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; White, Martin J.; /UC, Berkeley, Astron.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Behling, Hans Ph.D. , John Mauro, Ph.D. , CHP, and Kathleenthe Petition was submitted, Mauro and Behling were in theResources. Statement by John Mauro before the Committee on

Harkewicz, Laura J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

REES 410/510: Post-Cold War Eastern Europe Fall 2012 (CRN 18065/18066) Instructor: Keith Eddins eddinska@uoregon.edu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and oligarchs, and even yearnings -- among some -- for the `stability' communism once provided. Vladimir Putin

Oregon, University of

342

The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl. Princeton, NJ:by those injured by the Chernobyl accident in their effortshow those injured by the Chernobyl accident used knowledge

Harkewicz, Laura J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

The 1964 Festival of Music of the Americas and Spain: A Critical Examination of Ibero-American Musical Relations in the Context of Cold War Politics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ministerio de Educacin y Ciencia, 1970. Del Campo, ngel. Ministerio de Educacin y Ciencia, 1970. Evett, Robert. NewMinisterio de Educacin y Ciencia, 1970. . Ernesto

Payne, Alyson

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

The Ghost of the Bomb : the Bravo Medical Program, scientific uncertainty, and the legacy of U.S. Cold War science, 1954-2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003. Kobayashi, Ken. Bikini exiles tell tale of woe,Although the party was saved, Bravo doomed Bikini. 36 The Bikini ecosystem, which had almost completely

Harkewicz, Laura J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Supercharger for Heat Pumps in Cold Climates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supercharger for Heat Supercharger for Heat Pumps in Cold Climates Thomas J. Walter Mechanical Solutions, Inc. tjw@mechsol.com 518-320-8552 April 3, 2013 DOE SBIR Grant No. SC0006162 Concept is similar to superchargers for piston engine aircraft 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: Electrically driven heat pumps are an effective method of extracting heat from ambient air. As air temperature falls, however, heat pump performance falls off, essentially limiting their year round usefulness to

346

Supercharger for Heat Pumps in Cold Climates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supercharger for Heat Supercharger for Heat Pumps in Cold Climates Thomas J. Walter Mechanical Solutions, Inc. tjw@mechsol.com 518-320-8552 April 3, 2013 DOE SBIR Grant No. SC0006162 Concept is similar to superchargers for piston engine aircraft 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: Electrically driven heat pumps are an effective method of extracting heat from ambient air. As air temperature falls, however, heat pump performance falls off, essentially limiting their year round usefulness to

347

Holographic cold nuclear matter and neutron star  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have previously found a new phase of cold nuclear matter based on a holographic gauge theory, where baryons are introduced as instanton gas in the probe D8/$\\overline{\\rm D8}$ branes. In our model, we could obtain the equation of state (EOS) of our nuclear matter by introducing fermi momentum. Then, here we apply this model to the neutron star and study its mass and radius by solving the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff (TOV) equations in terms of the EOS given here. We give some comments for our holographic model from a viewpoint of the other field theoretical approaches.

Kazuo Ghoroku; Kouki Kubo; Motoi Tachibana; Fumihiko Toyoda

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

348

Spectroscopy of a cold strontium Rydberg gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a study of a cold strontium Rydberg gas. The narrowband laser excitation of Rydberg states in the range n=20-80 from a 6~mK cloud of strontium atoms is detected using the spontaneous ionization of the Rydberg atoms. Using a high-resolution step-scanning technique, we perform detailed measurements of the Stark maps of selected Rydberg states. We find excellent agreement between the measured Stark maps and a numerical calculation based on an independent-electron model. Finally we show that excitation of the second valence electron can be used to probe the dynamics of the Rydberg gas with nanosecond temporal resolution via autoionization.

Millen, J; Corbett, G R; Potvliege, R M; Jones, M P A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Cold neutron scattering in imperfect deuterium crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The differential cross sections for cold neutron scattering in mosaic deuterium crystals have been calculated for various target temperatures. The theoretical results are compared with the recent experimental data for the neutron wavelengths $\\lambda\\approx$~1--9~\\AA. It is shown that the structures of observed Bragg peaks can be explained by the mosaic spread of about $3^{\\circ}$ and contributions from a~limited number of crystal orientations. Such a~crystal structure should be also taken into account in ultracold neutron upscattering due to the coherent phonon annihilation in solid deuterium.

Andrzej Adamczak

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

350

Recrystallization of heavy metals after cold deformation  

SciTech Connect

Rapid heating experiments, of the order of tens of seconds, were performed on a 90%W-7%Ni-3%Fe alloy, which was cold worked by rotary swaging to 50% reduction in diameter. It was found that even very short periods of heating brings to the separation of the elongated tungsten grains into small round ones, therefore refining the microstructure. The process involves melting of the matrix and its penetration into the tungsten grains. During cooling, very small, new grains are precipitated. It is suggested that grain refining is achieved by penetration of the molten matrix into the solid tungsten grains through subgrain boundaries.

Goren-Muginstein, G.R.; Rosen, A. [Israel Inst. of Tech., Haifa (Israel). Dept. of Materials Engineering

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Technologies » Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project Emerging Technologies » Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into cold climate heat pumps. The research is designed to overcome technical and economic barriers that limit market penetration in cold climates. Project Description This project seeks to develop a high-performance, cold climate heat pump technology using multi-stage compressor technology. Several vapor compression cycle configurations are being examined and optimized for superior performance. Target performance and preliminary results will be used to perform a detailed market assessment in order to investigate the national impact and potential market penetration. Project Partners Research is being undertaken through a cooperative research and development

352

Materials for cold neutron sources: Cryogenic and irradiation effects  

SciTech Connect

Materials for the construction of cold neutron sources must satisfy a range of demands. The cryogenic temperature and irradiation create a severe environment. Candidate materials are identified and existing cold sources are briefly surveyed to determine which materials may be used. Aluminum- and magnesium-based alloys are the preferred materials. Existing data for the effects of cryogenic temperature and near-ambient irradiation on the mechanical properties of these alloys are briefly reviewed, and the very limited information on the effects of cryogenic irradiation are outlined. Generating mechanical property data under cold source operating conditions is a daunting prospect. It is clear that the cold source material will be degraded by neutron irradiation, and so the cold source must be designed as a brittle vessel. The continued effective operation of many different cold sources at a number of reactors makes it clear that this can be accomplished. 46 refs., 8 figs., 2 tab.

Alexander, D.J.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Is it a Cold or the Flu? -Know the Difference Signs & Symptoms Cold Flu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rare Usual; high (100.40 F to 1020 F) is typical; lasts 3-4 days Cough Hacking: mild Dry; can become discomfort Mild to moderate; hacking cough Common Treatment Antihistamines Decongestants Advil® (ibuprofen. Avoid close contact with anyone with a cold. Vaccination. Wash your hands. Cover your cough. Stay

Mahon, Bradford Z.

354

ALTERNATE REDUCTANT COLD CAP EVALUATION FURNACE PHASE I TESTING  

SciTech Connect

Savannah River Remediation (SRR) conducted a Systems Engineering Evaluation (SEE) to determine the optimum alternate reductant flowsheet for the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). Specifically, two proposed flowsheets (nitricformicglycolic and nitricformicsugar) were evaluated based upon results from preliminary testing. Comparison of the two flowsheets among evaluation criteria indicated a preference towards the nitricformicglycolic flowsheet. Further evaluation of this flowsheet eliminated the formic acid1, and as a result, the nitricglycolic flowsheet was recommended for further testing. Based on the development of a roadmap for the nitricglycolic acid flowsheet, Waste Solidification Engineering (WS-E) issued a Technical Task Request (TTR) to address flammability issues that may impact the implementation of this flowsheet. Melter testing was requested in order to define the DWPF flammability envelope for the nitric glycolic acid flowsheet. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Cold Cap Evaluation Furnace (CEF), a 1/12th scale DWPF melter, was selected by the SRR Alternate Reductant project team as the melter platform for this testing. The overall scope was divided into the following sub-tasks as discussed in the Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan (TTQAP): ? Phase I - A nitricformic acid flowsheet melter test (unbubbled) to baseline the Cold Cap Evaluation Furnace (CEF) cold cap and vapor space data to the benchmark melter flammability models ? Phase II - A nitricglycolic acid flowsheet melter test (unbubbled and bubbled) to: o Define new cold cap reactions and global kinetic parameters for the melter flammability models o Quantify off-gas surging potential of the feed o Characterize off-gas condensate for complete organic and inorganic carbon species Prior to startup, a number of improvements and modifications were made to the CEF, including addition of cameras, vessel support temperature measurement, and a heating element near the pour tube. After charging the CEF with cullet from a previous Sludge Batch 6 (SB6) run, the melter was slurry-fed with SB6-Frit 418 melter feed at 36% waste loading and was operated continuously for 6 days. Process data was collected throughout testing and included melter operation variables and off-gas chemistry. In order to satisfy the objective of Phase I testing, vapor space steady testing in the range of ~300C-700C was conducted without argon bubbling to baseline the melter data to the existing DWPF melter flammability model. Adjustments to heater outputs, air flows and feed rate were necessary in order to achieve the vapor space temperatures in this range. The results of the Phase I testing demonstrated that the CEF is capable of operating under the low vapor space temperatures A melter pressure of -5 inches of water was not sustained throughout the run, but the melter did remain slightly negative even with the maximum air flows required for the lowest temperature conditions were used. The auxiliary pour tube heater improved the pouring behavior at all test conditions, including reduced feed rates required for the low vapor space testing. Argon bubbling can be used to promote mixing and increase feed rate at multiple conditions. Improvements due to bubbling have been determined previously; however, the addition of the cameras to the CEF allows for visual observation during a range of bubbling configurations. The off-gas analysis system proved to be robust and capable of operating for long durations. The total operational hours on the melter vessel are approximately 385 hours. Dimensional measurements taken prior to Phase I testing and support block temperatures recorded during Phase I testing are available if an extension of service life beyond 1250 hours is desired in the future.

Johnson, F.; Miller, D.; Zamecnik, J.; Lambert, D.

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

355

Building America Best Practices, Vol. 12- Builders Challenge Guide to 40% Whole-House Energy Savings in the Cold and Very Cold Climates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Best Practices guide outlines energy saving practices to achieve 40% energy savings in the cold and very cold U.S. climate region.

356

Data Collection for Improved Cold Temperature Thermal Modeling...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Data Collection for Improved Cold Temperature Thermal Modeling Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise and Engine...

357

Microsoft Word - 0Hrma ColdCap Final (2)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

INVESTIGATION AND MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF COLD CAP BEHAVIOR IN HIGH-LEVEL-WASTE GLASS MELTER Pavel Hrma Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, WA 99352 USA ABSTRACT The...

358

Tank closure reducing grout  

SciTech Connect

A reducing grout has been developed for closing high level waste tanks at the Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina. The grout has a low redox potential, which minimizes the mobility of Sr{sup 90}, the radionuclide with the highest dose potential after closure. The grout also has a high pH which reduces the solubility of the plutonium isotopes. The grout has a high compressive strength and low permeability, which enhances its ability to limit the migration of contaminants after closure. The grout was designed and tested by Construction Technology Laboratories, Inc. Placement methods were developed by the Savannah River Site personnel.

Caldwell, T.B.

1997-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

359

Will to war, will to art : cultural internationalism and the modernist aesthetics of monuments, 1932-1964  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines a period around World War II when the prospect of widespread destruction provoked a profound re-evaluation of Europe's landmarks, their material value, and their ethical significance. Between ...

Allais, Lucia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Reconciliation through reintegration? : a study on spatial proximity and social relations in two post-civil war Beirut neighborhoods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although the Lebanese Civil War ended in 1991 and Beirut became a reunified city, much of it remains divided between a Christian East and a Muslim West. Beyond certain parts of the capital, many of its residential neighborhoods ...

Saab, Zeina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Another Turn of the Tide? World War II and the Writing of Military History in West Germany 1945-2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Army industry and labor in Germany, 1914 1918 (Princeton/DVA 1979-2006; trans. Germany and the Second World War, ed.the past in contemporary Germany (Basingstoke, 2006). W.G.

Echternkamp, Joerg Jrg

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Japan's Renuciation of War Clause, Article 9: A case study of Japan's journey towards 'a normal nation'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Japan has struggled with the decision to either revise or to reinterpret the renunciation of war clause, Chapter 2, Article 9, in the Japanese Constitution. This debate is significant because the outcome of this decision will have a direct impact...

Mitchell, Lakisha Chevon

2008-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

363

Reduced Braginskii equations  

SciTech Connect

A set of reduced Braginskii equations is derived without assuming flute ordering and the Boussinesq approximation. These model equations conserve the physical energy. It is crucial at finite {beta} that we solve the perpendicular component of Ohm`s law to conserve the physical energy while ensuring the relation {del} {center_dot} j = 0.

Yagi, M. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment; Horton, W. [Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States). Inst. for Fusion Studies

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Reduced Braginskii equations  

SciTech Connect

A set of reduced Braginskii equations is derived without assuming flute ordering and the Boussinesq approximation. These model equations conserve the physical energy. It is crucial at finite [beta] that the perpendicular component of Ohm's law be solved to ensure [del][center dot][bold j]=0 for energy conservation.

Yagi, M.; Horton, W. (Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Soviet America: Popular Responses to the United States in Post-World War II Soviet Union  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, I attempt to explore how average Soviet people reacted to the images and depictions of America presented to them through official and unofficial channels from both sides of the Iron Curtain during the Cold ...

Avramov, Konstantin

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

366

Intelligent Whale: a historical and archaeological analysis of an American Civil War submersible  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

30 31 35 CHAPTER SUBMERSIBI. E EFFORTS DURING THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR. Louisiana State Museum Vessel (1861). , Submersible Efforts at the Tredegar Iron Works (1861). . . Pioneer (1861). . U. S. S. Alligator (1862). , American Diver (1862... Museum Vessel on display at the Pontalba Building in New Orleans. . 41 A sketch by Acting Master William Cheeney of a submersible propeller for a vessel under construction at the Tredegar Iron Works, dated September 1861. 44 12 An illustration from...

Hitchcock, Peter Winston

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Lessons from post-war Iraq for the international full-scope safeguards regime  

SciTech Connect

The discovery after the Gulf War of the extensive Iraqi nuclear weapon program severely shook public confidence in the nuclear non-proliferation regime in general, and the safeguards program of the IAEA under the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, in particular. Iraq provided the justification for evaluating the safeguards regime under new political circumstances, so that appropriate corrective measures could be taken when necessary. It is now up to the individual states within the international system to take advantage of this opportunity.

Scheinman, L.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

A Review of "'The Furie of the Ordnance' Artillery in the English Civil Wars" by Stephen Bull  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reviews 201 Stephen Bull. ?The Furie of the Ordnance? Artillery in the English Civil Wars. Woodbridge, England: The Boydell Press, 2008. xxiii + 243 pp. + 27 illus. $95.00. Review by edward m. furgol, naval historical center. Bull has... war that lasted not just one, but five campaigning seasons. In 1648-51 Parliament?s already substantial edge developed further, helping overwhelm its opponents. reviews 203 The volume is based on meticulous research in the primary...

Furgol, Edward M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Terrorism, civil war and related violence and substance use disorder morbidity and mortality: A global analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractIntroduction The purpose of this study is to examine associations between deaths owing to terrorism, civil war, and one-sided violence from 19942000 and substance use disorder disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Methods The relationship between terrorism, and related violence and substance use disorder morbidity and mortality among World Health Organization Member States in 2002, controlling for adult per capita alcohol consumption, illicit drug use, and economic variables at baseline in 1994. Results Deaths as a result of terrorism and related violence were related to substance use disorder DALYs: a 1.0% increase in deaths as a result of terrorism, war and one-sided violence was associated with an increase of between 0.10% and 0.12% in alcohol and drug use disorder DALYs. Associations were greater among males and 1544year-old. Conclusion Terrorism, war and one-sided violence may influence morbidity and mortality attributable to substance use disorders in the longer-term suggests that more attention to be given to rapid assessment and treatment of substance use disorders in conflict-affected populations with due consideration of gender and age differences that may impact treatment outcomes in these settings. Priorities should be established to rebuild substance abuse treatment infrastructures and treat the many physical and mental comorbid disorders.

Bradley T. Kerridge; Maria R. Khan; Jrgen Rehm; Amir Sapkota

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Compressor Selection and Equipment Sizing for Cold Climate Heat Pumps  

SciTech Connect

In order to limit heating capacity degradation at -25 C (-13 F) ambient to 25%, compared to the nominal rating point capacity at 8.3 C (47 F), an extensive array of design and sizing options were investigated, based on fundamental equipment system modeling and building energy simulation. Sixteen equipment design options were evaluated in one commercial building and one residential building, respectively in seven cities. The energy simulation results were compared to three baseline cases: 100% electric resistance heating, a 9.6 HSPF single-speed heat pump unit, and 90% AFUE gas heating system. The general recommendation is that variable-speed compressors and tandem compressors, sized such that their rated heating capacity at a low speed matching the building design cooling load, are able to achieve the capacity goal at low ambient temperatures by over-speeding, for example, a home with a 3.0 ton design cooling load, a tandem heat pump could meet this cooling load running a single compressor, while running both compressors to meet heating load at low ambient temperatures in a cold climate. Energy savings and electric resistance heat reductions vary with building types, energy codes and climate zones. Oversizing a heat pump can result in larger energy saving in a less energy efficient building and colder regions due to reducing electric resistance heating. However, in a more energy-efficient building or for buildings in warmer climates, one has to consider balance between reduction of resistance heat and addition of cyclic loss.

Shen, Bo [ORNL] [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL] [ORNL; Rice, C Keith [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Bringing Fruit Flies in from the Cold  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Environmental Sustainability Award to Three from APS DOE Environmental Sustainability Award to Three from APS 2009 Chemistry Nobel to APS Users The First Experiment at the LCLS Linda Young Named to Head X-ray Science Division $7.9 M in ARRA Funding Brings New Instrumentation to the APS APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Bringing Fruit Flies in from the Cold DECEMBER 21, 2009 Bookmark and Share See the video of synchrotron x-ray visualization of ice formation in insects during lethal and non-lethal freezing at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m07CKU1XGdk Based on the University of Western Ontario press release Using a microscope the size of a football field, researchers from The University of Western Ontario, the University of Nevada-Las Vegas, Argonne

372

Color screening in cold quark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute color screening at finite quark chemical potentials cold quark matter at the one-loop level, comparing the normal, BCS paired U(1)_em, or Higgs, and a singlet phase with color-singlet condensate near the Fermi surface. The latter phase is computed in the example of two-color QCD with a color singlet diquark condensate. In contrast to the normal and Higgs phases, neither electric nor magnetic screening masses appear in the singlet phase. The absence of a magnetic mass, within a perturbative framework, is a consequence of proper treatment of gauge invariance. While at large momenta the gluon self-energies approach those in the normal phase, the medium contributions to the infrared region below a scale of the mass gap are substantially suppressed. Infrared gluons at low quark density in the singlet phase appear protected from medium effects, unless the quark-gluon vertices are significantly enhanced in the infrared.

Kojo, Toru

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Slurry fired heater cold-flow modelling  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the experimental and theoretical work leading to the scale-up of the SRC-I Demonstration Plant slurry fired heater. The scale-up involved a theoretical model using empirical relations in the derivation, and employed variables such as flow conditions, liquid viscosity, and slug frequency. Such variables have been shown to affect the heat transfer characteristics ofthe system. The model assumes that, if all other variables remain constant, the heat transfer coefficient can be scaled up proportional to D/sup -2/3/ (D = inside diameter of the fired heater tube). All flow conditions, liquid viscosities, and pipe inclinations relevant to the demonstration plant have indicated a slug flow regime in the slurry fired heater. The annular and stratified flow regimes should be avoided to minimize the potential for excessive pipe erosion and to decrease temperature gradients along the pipe cross section leading to coking and thermal stresses, respectively. Cold-flow studies in 3- and 6.75-in.-inside-diameter (ID) pipes were conducted to determine the effect of scale-up on flow regime, slug frequency, and slug dimensions. The developed model assumes that conduction heat transfer occurs through the liquid film surrounding the gas slug and laminar convective heat transfer to the liquid slug. A weighted average of these two heat transfer mechanisms gives a value for the average pipe heat transfer coefficient. The cold-flow work showed a decrease in the observed slug frequency between the 3- and 6.75-ID pipes. Data on the ratio of gas to liquid slug length in the 6.75-in. pipe are not yet complete, but are expected to yield generally lower values than those obtained in the 3-in. pipe; this will probably affect the scale-up to demonstration plant conditions. 5 references, 15 figures, 7 tables.

Moujaes, S.F.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Two Techniques to Produce Cold Antihydrogen A thesis presented  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The second H production method utilizes a two step laser- controlled charge exchange to produce antihydrogen.2 Cold Antihydrogen Production Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 1.2.1 Three-Body Recombination to the spectroscopic comparison of antihydrogen and hydrogen -- a comparison that will require atoms both cold enough

Gabrielse, Gerald

375

Ground-Source Heat Pumps in Cold Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground-Source Heat Pumps in Cold Climates The Current State of the Alaska Industry, a Review-Source Heat Pumps in Cold Climates The Current State of the Alaska Industry, a Review of the Literature and contributions from individuals and organizations involved in ground-source heat pump installation around Alaska

Wagner, Diane

376

Reduce Climate Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reduce Climate Change Reduce Climate Change Highway vehicles release about 1.5 billion metric tons of greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere each year-mostly in the form of carbon dioxide (CO2)-contributing to global climate change. Each gallon of gasoline you burn creates 20 pounds of CO2. That's roughly 5 to 9 tons of CO2 each year for a typical vehicle. more... How can a gallon of gasoline create 20 pounds of carbon dioxide? It seems impossible that a gallon of gasoline, which weighs about 6.3 pounds, could produce 20 pounds of carbon dioxide (CO2) when burned. However, most of the weight of the CO2 doesn't come from the gasoline itself, but the oxygen in the air. When gasoline burns, the carbon and hydrogen separate. The hydrogen combines with oxygen to form water (H2O), and carbon combines with oxygen

377

Naval electrochemical corrosion reducer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A corrosion reducer for use with ships having a hull, a propeller mounted a propeller shaft and extending through the hull, bearings supporting the shaft, at least one thrust bearing and one seal. The improvement includes a current collector and a current reduction assembly for reducing the voltage between the hull and shaft in order to reduce corrosion due to electrolytic action. The current reduction assembly includes an electrical contact, the current collector, and the hull. The current reduction assembly further includes a device for sensing and measuring the voltage between the hull and the shaft and a device for applying a reverse voltage between the hull and the shaft so that the resulting voltage differential is from 0 to 0.05 volts. The current reduction assembly further includes a differential amplifier having a voltage differential between the hull and the shaft. The current reduction assembly further includes an amplifier and a power output circuit receiving signals from the differential amplifier and being supplied by at least one current supply. The current selector includes a brush assembly in contact with a slip ring over the shaft so that its potential may be applied to the differential amplifier.

Clark, Howard L. (Ballston Lake, NY)

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Reducing Radiation Damage  

SciTech Connect

This talk describes the use of a modified treatment sequence, i.e., radiation dose, geometry, dwell time, etc., to mitigate some of the deleterious effects of cancer radiotherapy by utilizing natural cell repair processes. If bad side effects can be reduced, a more aggressive therapy can be put into place. Cells contain many mechanisms that repair damage of various types. If the damage can not be repaired, cells will undergo apoptosis (cell death). Data will be reviewed that support the fact that a small dose of radiation will activate damage repair genes within a cell. Once the mechanisms are fully active, they will efficiently repair the severe damage from a much larger radiation dose. The data ranges from experiments on specific cell cultures using microarray (gene chip) techniques to experiments on complete organisms. The suggested effect and treatment is consistent with the assumption that all radiation is harmful, no matter how small the dose. Nevertheless, the harm can be reduced. These mechanisms need to be further studied and characterized. In particular, their time dependence needs to be understood before the proposed treatment can be optimized. Under certain situations it is also possible that the deleterious effects of chemotherapy can be mitigated and the damage to radiation workers can be reduced.

Blankenbecler, Richard

2006-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

379

Independent Oversight Review, Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

K Basin and Cold Vacuum K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility - August 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility - August 2012 August 2012 Review of Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility Found Fuel Multi-Canister Overpack Operations The purpose of this independent oversight review by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Enforcement and Oversight (Independent Oversight), within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) was to observe the operations associated with processing a Multi-Canister Overpack (MCO) of "found fuel" (small quantities of spent fuel discovered during cleanup of the reactor burial grounds) at the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF). The found fuel MCO was transported from the K West Basin on the Hanford

380

Independent Oversight Review, Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility - August 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility - August 2012 August 2012 Review of Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility Found Fuel Multi-Canister Overpack Operations The purpose of this independent oversight review by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Enforcement and Oversight (Independent Oversight), within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) was to observe the operations associated with processing a Multi-Canister Overpack (MCO) of "found fuel" (small quantities of spent fuel discovered during cleanup of the reactor burial grounds) at the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF). The found fuel MCO was transported from the K West Basin on the Hanford

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Brrrrr. It's Cold In There! | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Brrrrr. It's Cold In There! Brrrrr. It's Cold In There! Brrrrr. It's Cold In There! March 2, 2010 - 11:27am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy This winter has seemed like an especially long one to me. I'm ready to wear shorts and enjoy nice, long summer days. Alas, the reality is that it will probably be cold for at least another month here in Washington, D.C. All that cold air robs not only our jacketed bodies of warmth, but it also carries heat away from the places where we want it most this time of year: our homes, apartments, and businesses. All that heat loss costs money. I've been in friends' houses that just never seem to stay warm, even when their furnace kicks on every 15 or 20 minutes. I can just hear the swishing sound of them flushing money down the

382

g:\\self care\\cold sore throat cough allergy 8/08 SELF CARE CHECK LIST FOR COLD, SORE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

g:\\self care\\cold sore throat cough allergy 8/08 SELF CARE CHECK LIST FOR COLD, SORE THROAT, COUGH worse? NO YES Do you have chest pain, wheezing or any difficulty with breathing? NO YES Are you coughing, hacky cough? Expectorant (guaifenesin/Robitussin) Cough suppressant (dextromethorphan/ DM) Do you have

Suzuki, Masatsugu

383

Problem of cold accumulation as a matter of energy saving and optimization of energy consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that the problem of cold accumulation is complicated, and the importance of cold carriers, the temperature of generated and accumulated cold, methods of its utilization, and particularly for large ...

A. M. Arkharov; A. I. Leontev; V. V. Sychev

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

THE WIDOM-LARSEN THEORY OF COLD FUSION by Martin Bier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE WIDOM-LARSEN THEORY OF COLD FUSION by Martin Bier January 2012 is currently the subject of much debate in the cold fusion community. Perspectives of physicists from outside the cold fusion field appear to not be part

Bier, Martin

385

OTEC Cold Water Pipe-Platform Sub-System Dynamic Interaction...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

OTEC Cold Water Pipe-Platform Sub-System Dynamic Interaction Validation (OPPSDIV) OTEC Cold Water Pipe-Platform Sub-System Dynamic Interaction Validation (OPPSDIV) OTEC Cold Water...

386

Cold Temperature and Biodiesel Fuel Effects on Speciated Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds from Diesel Trucks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emissions testing was conducted on a chassis dynamometer at two ambient temperatures (?7 and 22 C) operating on two fuels (ultra low sulfur diesel and 20% soy biodiesel blend) over three driving cycles: cold start, warm start and heavy-duty urban dynamometer driving cycle. ... Different 2007+ aftertreatment technologies involving catalyst regeneration led to significant modifications of VOC emissions that were compound-specific and highly dependent on test conditions. ... However, emissions of other toxic partial combustion products such as carbonyls were not reduced in the modern diesel vehicles tested. ...

Ingrid J. George; Michael D. Hays; Richard Snow; James Faircloth; Barbara J. George; Thomas Long; Richard W. Baldauf

2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

387

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum cold rolled Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

beamlines consist of... ambient; 1 cold, uncoupled, poisoned (best time resolution); 2 cold, coupled, unpoisoned ... Source: Controlled Fusion Atomic Data Center (CFADC)...

388

High Flux Isotope Reactor cold neutron source reference design concept  

SciTech Connect

In February 1995, Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s (ORNL`s) deputy director formed a group to examine the need for upgrades to the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) system in light of the cancellation of the Advanced neutron Source Project. One of the major findings of this study was that there was an immediate need for the installation of a cold neutron source facility in the HFIR complex. In May 1995, a team was formed to examine the feasibility of retrofitting a liquid hydrogen (LH{sub 2}) cold source facility into an existing HFIR beam tube. The results of this feasibility study indicated that the most practical location for such a cold source was the HB-4 beam tube. This location provides a potential flux environment higher than the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) vertical cold source and maximizes the space available for a future cold neutron guide hall expansion. It was determined that this cold neutron beam would be comparable, in cold neutron brightness, to the best facilities in the world, and a decision was made to complete a preconceptual design study with the intention of proceeding with an activity to install a working LH{sub 2} cold source in the HFIR HB-4 beam tube. During the development of the reference design the liquid hydrogen concept was changed to a supercritical hydrogen system for a number of reasons. This report documents the reference supercritical hydrogen design and its performance. The cold source project has been divided into four phases: (1) preconceptual, (2) conceptual design and testing, (3) detailed design and procurement, and (4) installation and operation. This report marks the conclusion of the conceptual design phase and establishes the baseline reference concept.

Selby, D.L.; Lucas, A.T.; Hyman, C.R. [and others

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Bulk viscosity in a cold CFL superfluid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute one of the bulk viscosity coefficients of cold CFL quark matter in the temperature regime where the contribution of mesons, quarks and gluons to transport phenomena is Boltzmann suppressed. In that regime dissipation occurs due to collisions of superfluid phonons, the Goldstone modes associated to the spontaneous breaking of baryon symmetry. We first review the hydrodynamics of relativistic superfluids, and remind that there are at least three bulk viscosity coefficients in these systems. We then compute the bulk viscosity coefficient associated to the normal fluid component of the superfluid. In our analysis we use Son's effective field theory for the superfluid phonon, amended to include scale breaking effects proportional to the square of the strange quark mass m_s. We compute the bulk viscosity at leading order in the scale breaking parameter, and find that it is dominated by collinear splitting and joining processes. The resulting transport coefficient is zeta=0.011 m_s^4/T, growing at low temperature T until the phonon fluid description stops making sense. Our results are relevant to study the rotational properties of a compact star formed by CFL quark matter.

Cristina Manuel; Felipe Llanes-Estrada

2007-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

390

Color screening in cold quark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute---at finite quark chemical potentials---the color screening of cold quark matter at the one-loop level, comparing the normal, BCS-paired U(1)em (or Higgs) phase and a singlet phase with color-singlet condensate near the Fermi surface. The latter phase is computed using the example of two-color QCD with a color-singlet diquark condensate. In contrast to the normal and Higgs phases, neither electric nor magnetic screening masses appear in the singlet phase. The absence of a magnetic mass, within a perturbative framework, is a consequence of the proper treatment of gauge invariance. While at large momenta the gluon self-energies approach those in the normal phase, the medium contributions to the infrared region below a scale of the mass gap are substantially suppressed. Infrared gluons at low quark density in the singlet phase appear protected from medium effects, unless the quark-gluon vertices are significantly enhanced in the infrared.

Toru Kojo; Gordon Baym

2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

391

Performance House -- A Cold Climate Challenge Home  

SciTech Connect

Working with builder partners on a test homes allows for vetting of whole-house building strategies to eliminate any potential unintended consequences prior to implementing these solution packages on a production scale. To support this research, CARB partnered with Preferred Builders Inc. on a high-performance test home in Old Greenwich, CT. The philosophy and science behind the 2,700 ft2 'Performance House' was based on the premise that homes should be safe, healthy, comfortable, durable, efficient, and adapt with the homeowners. The technologies and strategies used in the 'Performance House' were not cutting-edge, but simply 'best practices practiced'. The focus was on simplicity in construction, maintenance, and operation. When seeking a 30% source energy savings targets over a comparable 2009 IECC code-built home in the cold climate zone, nearly all components of a home must be optimized. Careful planning and design are critical. To help builders and architects seeking to match the performance of this home, a step-by-step guide through the building shell components of DOE's Challenge Home are provided in a pictorial story book. The end result was a DOE Challenge Home that achieved a HERS Index Score of 20 (43 without PV, the minimum target was 55 for compliance). This home was also awarded the 2012 HOBI for Best Green Energy Efficient Home from the Home Builders & Remodelers Association of Connecticut.

Puttagunta, S.; Grab, J.; Williamson, J.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Preliminary Market Assessment for Cold Climate Heat Pumps  

SciTech Connect

Cold climate heat pump (HP) technology is relevant to a substantial portion of the U.S. population, especially with more than one-third of U.S. housing stock concentrated in colder regions of the country and another 31% in the mixed-humid climate region. Specifically, it is estimated that in 2010 almost 1.37 million heating equipment units were shipped to the cold/very cold climate regions and that 1.41 million were shipped to the nation s mixed-humid region. On a national level, the trend in the last decade has indicated that shipments of gas furnaces have grown at a slower rate than HPs. This indicates a potential opportunity for the cold climate HP, a technology that may be initially slow to penetrate its potential market because of the less expensive operating and first costs of gas furnaces. Anticipated implementation of regional standards could also negatively affect gas furnace shipments, especially with the higher initial cost for more efficient gas furnaces. However, as of 2011, the fact that there are more than 500 gas furnace product models that already achieve the expected efficiency standard indicates that satisfying the regional standard will be a challenge but not an obstacle. A look at the heating fuel and equipment currently being used in the housing stock provides an insight into the competing equipment that cold climate HPs hope to replace. The primary target market for the cold climate HP is the 2.6 million U.S. homes using electric furnaces and HPs in the cold/very cold region. It is estimated that 4.75% of these homeowners either replace or buy new heating equipment in a given year. Accordingly, the project team could infer that the cold climate HP primary market is composed of 123,500 replacements of electric furnaces and conventional air-to-air HPs annually. A secondary housing market for the cold climate HP comprises homes in the mixed-humid region of the country that are using electric furnaces. Homes using gas furnaces across both the cold/very cold and mixed-humid regions represent another secondary market for the cold climate HP. The cold climate HP could also target as a secondary market homes across both the cold/very cold and mixed-humid regions that use propane and fuel oil as their primary heating fuel. The combined total of homes in these three secondary markets is 46 million, and we can also infer that about 2.2 million of these systems are replaced annually. When comparing heating equipment stock in 2001, 2005, and 2009 in the cold/very cold region of the country, it appears that gas furnaces are slowly losing market share and that electric furnaces and HPs are making gains. The fact that electricity-dependent heating equipment is rising in preference among homeowners in the colder regions of the country shows that future penetration of the cold climate HP holds promise. Accordingly, cold climate HP technology could achieve an attractive position, given certain favorable market conditions such as reaching a competitive cost point, strong federal incentives, a consistent level of reliable performance, and a product rollout by a credible market leader. The project team relied on payback analysis to estimate the potential market penetration for the cold climate HP in each of its primary and secondary markets. In this analysis, we assumed a $250 price premium for the cold climate HP over the baseline HP. Electricity and gas prices and emissions were based on the 2010 Buildings Energy Data Book. The average heating load was calculated as 25.2 MMBTU per year in the cold/very cold and mixed-humid regions of the United States. Typical installed costs were obtained from the technical document supporting the U.S. Department of Energy rulemaking. The analysis showed that the cold climate HP will have a 2.2 year payback period when replacing an existing electric HP in the colder regions of the nation. The cold climate HP will have a 6 year payback period when replacing gas furnaces in the same climate regions. Accordingly, we estimated that the cold climate HP will have a penetration ratio rangin

Sikes, Karen [Sentech, Inc.; Khowailed, Gannate [Sentech, Inc.; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Reducing Leaking Electricity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 Reducing Leaking Electricity Figure 1. Full and standby power draws of some compact audio systems. A surprisingly large number of appliances-from computer peripherals to cable TV boxes to radios-consume electricity even after they have been switched off. Other appliances, such as cordless telephones, remote garage door openers, and battery chargers don't get switched off but draw power even when they are not performing their principal functions. The energy used while the appliance is switched off or not performing its primary purpose is called "standby consumption" or "leaking electricity." This consumption allows TVs, VCRs and garage-door openers to be ready for instant-on with a remote control, microwave ovens to display a digital

394

Pressure reducing regulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressure reducing regulator that controls its downstream or outlet pressure to a fixed fraction of its upstream or inlet pressure is disclosed. The regulator includes a housing which may be of a titanium alloy, within which is located a seal or gasket at the outlet end which may be made of annealed copper, a rod, and piston, each of which may be made of high density graphite. The regulator is insensitive to temperature by virtue of being without a spring or gas sealed behind a diaphragm, and provides a reference for a system in which it is being used. The rod and piston of the regulator are constructed, for example, to have a 1/20 ratio such that when the downstream pressure is less than 1/20 of the upstream pressure the regulator opens and when the downstream pressure exceeds 1/20 of the upstream pressure the regulator closes. 10 figs.

Whitehead, J.C.; Dilgard, L.W.

1995-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

395

Research Advances: Onions Battle Osteoporosis; New Weapon in War on TB; Smokers Beware: Study Shows Increased Cadmium Levels in the Brain May Cause Severe Neurological Disorders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Research Advances: Onions Battle Osteoporosis; New Weapon in War on TB; Smokers Beware: Study Shows Increased Cadmium Levels in the Brain May Cause Severe Neurological Disorders ...

Angela G. King

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Prewar Assessments of Iraqs Possession of WMD and its Affiliation with Al-Qaeda and How They Compare with Post-War Findings .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Since the turn of the millennium the United States has waged war on two eastern fronts. The USs relationship with Iraq has been rocky since (more)

Badri, Safanah

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Poisson regression analysis of the mortality among a cohort of World War II nuclear industry workers  

SciTech Connect

A historical cohort mortality study was conducted among 28,008 white male employees who had worked for at least 1 month in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, during World War II. The workers were employed at two plants that were producing enriched uranium and a research and development laboratory. Vital status was ascertained through 1980 for 98.1% of the cohort members and death certificates were obtained for 96.8% of the 11,671 decedents. A modified version of the traditional standardized mortality ratio (SMR) analysis was used to compare the cause-specific mortality experience of the World War II workers with the U.S. white male population. An SMR and a trend statistic were computed for each cause-of-death category for the 30-year interval from 1950 to 1980. The SMR for all causes was 1.11, and there was a significant upward trend of 0.74% per year. The excess mortality was primarily due to lung cancer and diseases of the respiratory system. Poisson regression methods were used to evaluate the influence of duration of employment, facility of employment, socioeconomic status, birth year, period of follow-up, and radiation exposure on cause-specific mortality. Maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters in a main-effects model were obtained to describe the joint effects of these six factors on cause-specific mortality of the World War II workers. We show that these multivariate regression techniques provide a useful extension of conventional SMR analysis and illustrate their effective use in a large occupational cohort study.

Frome, E.L.; Cragle, D.L.; McLain, R.W. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN (USA))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Manufacturing process to reduce large grain growth in zirconium alloys  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

It is an object of the present invention to provide a procedure for desensitizing zirconium-based alloys to large grain growth (LGG) during thermal treatment above the recrystallization temperature of the alloy. It is a further object of the present invention to provide a method for treating zirconium-based alloys which have been cold-worked in the range of 2 to 8% strain to reduce large grain growth. It is another object of the present invention to provide a method for fabricating a zirconium alloy clad nuclear fuel element wherein the zirconium clad is resistant to large grain growth.

Rosecrans, P.M.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

After Balaklava--before Ypres: the late Victorian war poetry of Kipling, Housman, and Hardy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

witnessed a resurgence of patriotism and national pride in imperial conquest. Victoria was crowned Empress of India in 1877 and celebrated her Golden Jubilee in 1887 with great public approval. Kipling's "The Widow at Windsor" and "The Widow's Party... examination of Kipling's best-selling volume of poetry? Barrac ? om Ball s and t e Ver s--will reveal that he is critical of Victoria's imperial wars and that class struggle in British society is an important theme in his poetry. I do not intend to make...

Smith, John Joseph

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Care of War Veterans with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Flawed Perspectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...expectations exert a powerful effect on the persistence of symptoms after concussion. Widespread use of the terms "mild TBI," "signature injury," "invisible wound," and "silent epidemic," as well as patient-education materials that combine mild TBI with more serious types of TBI, are examples of poor risk... Researchers estimate that more than 300,000 U.S. veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have sustained a mild traumatic brain injury. Dr. Charles Hoge, Herb Goldberg, and Carl Castro write that the clinical definition of concussion/mild TBI ...

Hoge C.W.Goldberg H.M.Castro C.A.

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Cold End Inserts for Process Gas Waste Heat Boilers Air Products, operates hydrogen production plants, which utilize large waste heat boilers (WHB)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cold End Inserts for Process Gas Waste Heat Boilers Overview Air Products, operates hydrogen walls. Air Products tasked our team to design an insert to place in the tubes of the WHB to increase flow velocity, thereby reducing fouling of the WHB. Objectives Air Products wishes that our team

Demirel, Melik C.

402

Shutting the Door on Cold Weather | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Shutting the Door on Cold Weather Shutting the Door on Cold Weather Shutting the Door on Cold Weather February 8, 2011 - 11:52am Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory A few months ago, the front door of my condominium cracked. One too many careless slams cracked the wood right at the bolt, which made it difficult to close, let in cold air, and made it easy to break in. Not a good situation, especially since winter was about to begin! Fortunately, my storm door was working just fine. Since I live in a condo complex, my decision on how to choose a new door had a bit of added complexity. I needed to consider things such as: What type of door would be accepted by the condo association board if I couldn't find a match to the old one Which type of door would be best for my needs

403

Tracing And Quantifying Magmatic Carbon Discharge In Cold Groundwaters-  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Tracing And Quantifying Magmatic Carbon Discharge In Cold Groundwaters- Lessons Learned From Mammoth Mountain, Usa Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Tracing And Quantifying Magmatic Carbon Discharge In Cold Groundwaters- Lessons Learned From Mammoth Mountain, Usa Details Activities (3) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A major campaign to quantify the magmatic carbon discharge in cold groundwaters around Mammoth Mountain volcano in eastern California was carried out from 1996 to 1999. The total water flow from all sampled cold springs was >=1.8_107 m3/yr draining an area that receives an estimated

404

Modeling Cold Start in a Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boundary conditions used for fuelcell simulations. 3.12to the Problem of Cold Start 1.1 PolymerElectrolyte Fuelin Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells II. Parametric Study,

Balliet, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Cold neutron facility for prompt gamma-neutron activation analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The restart of the recently upgraded research reactor in Budapest is foreseen at the end of this year. A number of fast, thermal and cold neutron beams will serve for research, industrial and educational activiti...

G. Molnr; ZS. Rvay; . Veres; A. Simonits

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

INFRARED THERMAL IMAGING OF AUTOMOBILES: Identification of Cold Start Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INFRARED THERMAL IMAGING OF AUTOMOBILES: Identification of Cold Start Vehicles Angela M. Monateri at the infrared image from an automobile. ·The camera was set up with a FEAT 3000 unit to compare emissions vs

Denver, University of

407

High-Performance Commercial Cold Climate Heat Pump | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

cold climate commercial heat pump system. The system improves on state-of-the-art heat pumps, which can degrade by up to 60% in capacity and 50% in system coefficient of...

408

Cold and Flu Prevention - HPMC Occupational Health Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Awareness Cold and Flu Prevention Hand Washing Healthy Sleep Heat Stress Radon Signs of a Heart Attack Signs of a Stroke Distracted Driving Coping with Stress & Change Skin Cancer...

409

Cold fusion lab dies, but fusion research goes on  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cold fusion lab dies, but fusion research goes on ... that deuterium nuclei can fuse at or near room temperature inside a metal lattice to produce useful energy, is an idea that refuses to die, despite its rejection by mainstream scientists. ...

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in an SIDI Engine Using Transient Hardware-In-Loop Test Meth Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in an SIDI Engine...

411

Cold Vacuum Drying (CVD) Facility Diesel Generator Fire Protection  

SciTech Connect

This Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) has been prepared to demonstrate that the Fire Protection and Detection System installed by Project W-441 (Cold Vacuum Drying Facility and Diesel Generator Building) functions as required by project specifications.

SINGH, G.

2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

412

The Chemistry of Cold Interstellar Cloud Cores Eric Herbst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 1 The Chemistry of Cold Interstellar Cloud Cores Eric Herbst Department of Physics and Their Chemistry . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.2 Gas-Phase Chemical Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1.2.4 Organic Chemistry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1.2.5 Negative

Millar, Tom

413

Microsoft PowerPoint - IPRC 2012 Cold Finger Separation [9]  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fission Fission Product Separation by Cold Finger Crystal Growth Fission Product Separation by Cold Finger Crystal Growth Joshua R. Versey* and Supathorn Phongikaroon University of Idaho, Idaho Falls Center for Advanced Energy Studies *vers4197@vandals.uidaho.edu Michael F. Simpson Idaho National Laboratory Joshua R. Versey* and Supathorn Phongikaroon University of Idaho, Idaho Falls Center for Advanced Energy Studies *vers4197@vandals.uidaho.edu Michael F. Simpson Idaho National Laboratory 2012 IPRC Fontana, Wisconsin 2012 IPRC Fontana, Wisconsin Outline * Background * Motivation & Goals * Cold Finger Theory * Cold Finger Design * Experimental Program * Results & Discussion * Summary & Future Work 2 Background Advanced Pyrochemical Technology Concept 3 Background 4 Advanced Pyrochemical Technology Concept Background 5 Oxide Reduction Process Cathode

414

Studying coherence in ultra-cold atomic gases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis will discuss the study of coherence properties of ultra-cold atomic gases. The atomic systems investigated include a thermal cloud of atoms, a Bose-Einstein condensate and a fermion pair condensate. In each ...

Miller, Daniel E. (Daniel Edward)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Stewarding a Reduced Stockpile  

SciTech Connect

The future of the US nuclear arsenal continues to be guided by two distinct drivers: the preservation of world peace and the prevention of further proliferation through our extended deterrent umbrella. Timely implementation of US nuclear policy decisions depends, in part, on the current state of stockpile weapons, their delivery systems, and the supporting infrastructure within the Department of Defense (DoD) and the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). In turn, the present is a product of past choices and world events. Now more than ever, the nuclear weapons program must respond to the changing global security environment and to increasing budget pressures with innovation and sound investments. As the nation transitions to a reduced stockpile, the successes of the Stockpile Stewardship Program (SSP) present options to transition to a sustainable complex better suited to stockpile size, national strategic goals and budgetary realities. Under any stockpile size, we must maintain essential human capital, forefront capabilities, and have a right-sized effective production capacity. We present new concepts for maintaining high confidence at low stockpile numbers and to effectively eliminate the reserve weapons within an optimized complex. We, as a nation, have choices to make on how we will achieve a credible 21st century deterrent.

Goodwin, B T; Mara, G

2008-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

416

Search for pseudoscalar cold dark matter  

SciTech Connect

AH dynamical evidence points to the conclusion that the predominant form of matter in the universe is in a non-luminous form. Furthermore, large scale deviations from uniform Hubble flow, and the recent COBE reports of inhomogeneities in the cosmic microwave background strongly suggest that we live in an exactly closed universe. If this is true, then ordinary baryonic matter could only be a minority component (10% at most) of the missing mass, and that what constitutes the majority of the dark matter must involve new physics. The axion is one of very few well motivated candidates which may comprise the dark matter. Additionally it is a `cold` dark-matter candidate which is preferred by the COBE data. We propose to construct and operate an experiment to search for axions which may constitute the dark matter of our own galaxy. As proposed by Sikivie, dark-matter axions may be detected by their stimulated conversion into monochromatic microwave photons in a tunable high-Q cavity inside a strong magnetic field. Our ability to mount an experiment quickly and take data within one year is due to a confluence of three factors. The first is the availability of a compact high field superconducting magnet and a local industrial partner, Wang NMR, who can make a very thermally efficient and economical cryostat for it. The second is an ongoing joint venture with the Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences to do R&D on metalized precision-formed ceramic microwave cavities for the axion search, and INR has commited to providing all the microwave cavity arrays for this experiment, should this proposal be approved. The third is a commitment of very substantial startup capital monies from MIT for all of the state-of-the-art ultra-low noise microwave electronics, to one of our outstanding young collaborators who is joining their faculty.

van Bibber, K.; Stoeffl, W.; LLNL Collaborators

1992-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

417

Genomic and Expression Analyses of Cold-Adapted Microorganisms.  

SciTech Connect

Contents 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Ecological evidence of bacterial adaptation to cold 7.2.1 Characteristics of cold environments and implications for microbial ecology 7.2.2 Ecological adaptation in Exiguobacterium spp. and Psychrobacter spp. 7.3 Gene Expression Responses to the Cold 7.3.1 Fundamentals of Gene Expression Responses to Cold 7.3.2 Acclimation for Life in Cold Habitats 7.3.2.1 Translation and Chaperone Proteins: Safeguarding the functional units of cellular physiology 7.3.2.2 Carbon and Energy metabolism: resource efficiency over long generation times 7.3.2.3 Amino Acid Biosynthesis: Species-specific responses to species-specific deficiencies 7.3.2.4 Compatible solutes: a concomitant response in cryoenvironments 7.3.2.5 Membrane fluidity: A major role in the overall metabolic rate at temperature 7.3.2.6 The cell wall at low temperature: A poorly understood growth rate determinant 7.3.2.7 Transporters: The balance between local nutrient uptake and depletion 7.3.2.8 Genome plasticity. The potential role of transposases and repeated sequences. 7.4 Protein adaptations to cold 7.4.1 The low temperature challenge 7.4.2 The stability activity relationship 7.4.3 Structural features of cold adapted enzymes. 7.4.4 Hydrophobic interactions 7.4.5 Electrostatic interactions 7.4.5.1 Arginine 7.4.5.2 Acidic residues 7.4.6 Structural elements 7.4.6.1 -helices and -sheets 7.4.6.2 Proline and Glycine 7.4.6.3 Disordered regions 7.5 Comparison of cold- and warm-adapted Exiguobacterium strains 7.5.1 Phylogeny reflects adaptations to environmental conditions 7.5.2 Genomic comparison of two strains 7.6 Summary and future directions

Bakermans, Corien [Pennsylvania State University; Bergholz, Peter W. [Cornell University; Rodrigues, Debora F. [University of Houston, Houston; Vishnivetskaya, T. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Ayala-del-Ro, Hector L. [University of Puerto Rico; Tiedje, James M. [Michigan State University, East Lansing

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Assessment of damage to the desert surfaces of Kuwait due to the Gulf War  

SciTech Connect

This is a preliminary report on a joint research project by Boston University and the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research that commenced in April 1992. The project aim is to establish the extent and nature of environmental damage to the desert surface and coastal zone of Kuwait due to the Gulf War and its aftermath. Change detection image enhancement techniques were employed to enhance environmental change by comparison of Landsat Thematic Mapper images obtained before the wars and after the cessation of the oil and well fires. Higher resolution SPOT images were also utilized to evaluate the nature of the environmental damage to specific areas. The most prominent changes were due to: (1) the deposition of oil and course-grained soot on the desert surface as a result of oil rain'' from the plume that emanated from the oil well fires; (2) the formation of hundreds of oil lakes, from oil seepage at the damaged oil well heads; (3) the mobilization of sand and dust and (4) the pollution of segments of the coastal zone by the deposition of oil from several oil spills. Interpretation of satellite image data are checked in the field to confirm the observations, and to assess the nature of the damage. Final results will be utilized in establishing the needs for remedial action to counteract the harmful effects of the various types of damage to the environment of Kuwait.

El-Baz, F. (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Al-Ajmi, D. (Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research (Kuwait). Environmental and Earth Sciences Div.)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

General theory of tourism ?? the case of war and terrorism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The title might appear to be facetious or a provocation, but it is neither. It is what the author claims as a consequence of the application of his general theory of tourism. This general theory of tourism is based on the micro-economic vision of tourism which establishes the offer as the central focus of the analysis, and not the demand or consumption as is the case in the conventional, sociological and macroeconomic vision. This work in the first place explains the two sociological positions ?? first, which exalts tourism and a second which is critical. We expound the anomalies of each position. The author continues by explaining his micro-economic vision, the only one which permits the identification of both the tourism product and the tourism enterprise in an objective and unequivocal way. It is this identification which permits the generalisation of tourism to include acts of war and terrorism. This does not in any way suggest the acceptance of war or terrorism, as one thing is scientific logic, while moral sentiments are quite another.

Francisco Muñoz de Escalona; Alistair Thirkettle

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

A Review of "Images Wars: Promoting Kings and Commonwealth in England, 1603-1660" by Kevin Sharpe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atlantic studies. Kevin Sharpe. Images Wars: Promoting Kings and Commonwealth in England, 1603-1660. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010. xvii + 665 pp. $55.00. Review by tillman w. nechtman, skidmore college. Kevin Sharpe?s Image Wars: Promoting Kings... and Commonwealth in England, 1603-1660 is the second in a three-volume series in which the author plans ?to turn attention to the changes in the modes and media representing rule and of the relationship of such representa- tives to perceptions of rule? (xvi...

Nechtman, Tillman

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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421

A review of "This Seat of Mars; War and the British Isles, 1485-1746" by Charles Carlton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in military a airs after 1603 (79-80) omits his use of veteran regiments against the Spanish in the #14;irty Years? War. #14;e account of the Second Bishops? War has nothing about English diplomatic, intelligence, mobilization and leadership challenges... again in the collection, which the editor has divided into two halves, the #15;rst section under the title ?Visual testimony and verbal games.? Sarah F. Matthews-Grieco then o ers a major essay on the diversity of printed sexual images of the #15...

Furgol, Edward M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

A review of "The Civil Wars After 1660: Public Remembering in Late Stuart England" by Matthew Neufield  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reviews 57 Matthew Neufield. The Civil Wars After 1660: Public Remembering in Late Stuart England. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2013. xiv + 284 + 5 illus. $99.00. Review by ty m. reese, the university of north dakota. While it is clear... that the British Civil Wars have not been forgot- ten, the place of the conflicts public memory within the settlement period and beyond has not been fully and directly studied. Neufield addresses this by producing an engaging work that convincingly argues...

Reese, Ty M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH PERFORMANCE COLD CLIMATE HEAT PUMP  

SciTech Connect

The primary goals of the proposed project were to develop, test, and evaluate a high performance and cost-effective vapor compression air-source heat pump for use in cold climate regions. Vapor compression heat pumps are a proven technology, and have been used for many years to meet heating requirements for buildings in residential, commercial, and industrial applications. However, in climate regions that experience very low outdoor ambient temperatures both the heating capacity and coefficient of performance (COP) of traditional air-source vapor compression heat pumps drops dramatically with a decrease in the outdoor air temperature. The efficiency of heat pumping equipment has improved substantially over the past 20 years; however, the efficiencies of the highest rated equipment on the market are approaching practical limits that cannot be surpassed without modifications to the basic cycle and possibly the use of additional hardware. In this report, three technologies to improve the efficiency of vapor compression systems are described. These are a) vapor injected compression, b) oil flooded compression and c) hybrid flow control of the evaporator. Compressor prototypes for both, oil flooded and vapor injected compression were developed by Emerson Climate Technologies. For the oil flooded compressor, the oil injection port location was optimized and an internal oil separator was added using several design iterations. After initial testing at Emerson Climate Technologies, further testing was done at Purdue University, and compressor models were developed. These models were then integrated into a system model to determine the achievable improvement of seasonal energy efficiency (SEER) for Minneapolis (Minnesota) climate. For the oil flooded compression, a 34% improvement in seasonal energy efficiency was found while a 21% improvement in seasonal energy efficiency ratio was found for the vapor injected compression. It was found that one benefit of both tested compression technologies is a lower discharge temperature, which allows for continued operation at lower ambient temperatures. A bin analysis of the vapor injected prototype cold climate heat pump predicts a 6% improvement in HSPF for Minneapolis. This improvement is mainly a result of the increased capacity of the system for active vapor injection. For the oil flooded system, a slightly larger performance improvement is predicted, in this case mostly caused by an increase in heating COP. Based on an economic analysis of these results, the maximum additional cost of the system changes, for the Minneapolis location, are $430 for the vapor injected system and $391 for the oil flooded system. These estimates assume that a 3-year simple payback period is accepted by the customer. For the hybrid flow control of evaporators, a new type of balancing valve was developed together with Emerson Climate technologies to reduce the cost of the control scheme. In contrast to conventional stepper motor valves, this valve requires less cables and can be driven by a cheaper output circuit on the control board. The correct valve size was determined in a dedicated test stand in several design iterations. The performance benefits of the hybrid control of the evaporator coil were determined for clean coil conditions as well as with partial blockage of the air inlet grille and under frosting conditions. For clean coil conditions, the benefits in terms of COP and capacity are negligible. However, significant benefits were noted for severely air-maldistributed operating conditions. For the H2-test, the maximum COP improvement of 17% along with a capacity improvement of nearly 40% was observed. Overall, the hybrid control scheme leads to a significant amount of performance improvement, if the air inlet conditions to the evaporator are maldistributed.

Horton, W. Travis [Purdue University] [Purdue University; Groll, Eckhard A. [Purdue University] [Purdue University; Braun, James E. [Purdue University] [Purdue University

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Reducing LED Costs Through Innovation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A Wisconsin-based company is developing an innovative way to reduce manufacturing costs of light-emitting diodes (LEDs).

425

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Town Sites and Communities * Irrigation Manhattan Project & Cold War Era: 1943-1990 * Hanford Construction Camp * Manhattan Project * Cold War Modern Day Hanford: 1990-Present...

426

Hanford ARRA Videos - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CHPRC Chu Cleanup Cold War Cold War Patriots Day DOE office of river protection ERDF Fire Hanford ORP Press Conference Recovery Richland Safety Steven Chu Video WCH demolition...

427

Video Gallery - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CHPRC Chu Cleanup Cold War Cold War Patriots Day DOE office of river protection ERDF Fire Hanford ORP Press Conference Recovery Richland Safety Steven Chu Video WCH demolition...

428

A new conceptual cold-end design of boilers for coal-fired power plants with waste heat recovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract After conducting an in-depth analysis of the conventional boiler cold-end design for waste heat recovery, this work proposed a new conceptual boiler cold-end design integrated with the steam cycle in a 1000MW CFPP, in which the preheating of air was divided into high-temperature air preheater (HTAP), main air preheater (MAP) and low-temperature air preheater (LTAP). The HTAP and an economizer were installed in separate flue ducts, and the low temperature economizer (LTE) was situated between the MAP and the LTAP in the main flue duct to heat the condensed water. In the proposed boiler cold-end design, the flue gas waste heat was not only used to heat condensed water, but also to further preheat the combustion air. The air temperature at the air-preheater outlet increases and part of the steam bleeds with high exergy can be saved, resulting in greater energy-savings and better economics. Results showed that, for a typical 1000MW CFPP in China, using the proposed boiler cold-end design for waste heat recovery could produce 13.3MWe additional net power output with a heat rate reduction of approximately 112.0kJ/kWh and could yield a net benefit of up to $85.8M per year, which is much greater than those of the conventional cases. Exergy destruction is also reduced from 49.9MWth in the conventional boiler cold-end design to 39.6MWth in the proposed design.

Yongping Yang; Cheng Xu; Gang Xu; Yu Han; Yaxiong Fang; Dongke Zhang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Cold domes over the warm pool: a study of the properties of cold domes produced by mesoscale convective systems during TOGA COARE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in specific humidity within their cold domes. As a result, increases in the latent heat fluxes observed in the cold domes were more dependent on the increases in wind speed. Stronger cold domes (cool, dry and strong winds) were associated with squall line MCSs...

Caesar, Kathy-Ann Lois

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

430

Who is winning the cell-phone wars? Answer: it depends how you count. Units, market share, revenue, profit.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Who is winning the cell-phone wars? Answer: it depends how you count. Units, market share, revenue launched. According to another analyst, Cannaccord, Apple now has four percent of the cell-phone market quarter, not that far off a million a day. iPhone sales increased by 4 million but its market share

South Bohemia, University of

431

Coenzyme q10 benefits symptoms in gulf war veterans: Results of a randomized double-blind study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We sought to assess whether coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) benefits the chronic multisymptom problems that affect one-quarter to one-third of 19901 Gulf War veterans, using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Participants were 46 veterans ...

Beatrice A. Golomb, Matthew Allison, Sabrina Koperski, Hayley J. Koslik, Sridevi Devaraj, Janis B. Ritchie

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Pershing's right hand: General James G. Harbord and the American Expeditionary Forces in the First World War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project is both a wartime biography and an examination of the American effort in France during the First World War. At its core, the narrative follows the military career of Major General James G. Harbord. His time in France saw Harbord serve...

Neumann, Brian Fisher

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

433

Upriver to Hue and Dong Ha: The U.S. Navy's War in I Corps, Vietnam 1967-1970  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S. Navy?s War in I Corps, Vietnam, 1967-1970. (December 2011) Jonathan Blackshear Chavanne, B.A., Baylor University; M.A., American Military University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. James Bradford The United States Navy?s involvement... .................................................................................................. 1 Bucklew and Vung Ro ................................................................... 7 ?More Different Types of Boats Than You Can Imagine? ............ 11 I Corps...

Chavanne, Jonathan Blackshear

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

434

Background Model formulation Patch model SIK model Conclusions War of the Worlds: Modelling the spread of an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background Model formulation Patch model SIK model Conclusions War of the Worlds: Modelling the spread of an invasive species an #12;Background Model formulation Patch model SIK model Conclusions Model formulation Patch model SIK model Conclusions Outline 1 Background 2 Model formulation Equations

Linder, Tamás

435

Study of integrated metal hydrides heat pump and cascade utilization of liquefied natural gas cold energy recovery system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The traditional cold energy utilization of the liquefied natural gas system needs a higher temperature heat source to improve exergy efficiency, which barricades the application of the common low quality thermal energy. The adoption of a metal hydride heat pump system powered by low quality energy could provide the necessary high temperature heat and reduce the overall energy consumption. Thus, an LNG cold energy recovery system integrating metal hydride heat pump was proposed, and the exergy analysis method was applied to study the case. The performance of the proposed integration system was evaluated. Moreover, some key factors were also theoretically investigated about their influences on the system performance. According to the results of the analysis, some optimization directions of the integrated system were also pointed out.

Xiangyu Meng; Feifei Bai; Fusheng Yang; Zewei Bao; Zaoxiao Zhang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Scientific American: Threats of War, Chances for Peace http://www.sciam.com/print_version.cfm?articleID=C7412A92-E7F2-... 1 of 2 4/24/2007 11:34 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scientific American: Threats of War, Chances for Peace http://www.sciam.com/print_version.cfm?articleID=C7412A92-E7F2-... 1 of 2 4/24/2007 11:34 AM February 18, 2007 Threats of War, Chances for Peace threats to sustainable development, the biggest threat to future well-being remains the specter of war

437

StarWars Laser Technology Applied to Drilling and Completing Gas Wells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

u' m .,. . Society of Petroleum Engineers u I SPE 49259 StarWars Laser Technology Applied to Drilling and Completing Gas Wells R.M. Graves, SPE, Colorado School of Mines; and D.G. O'Brien, PE, SPE, Solutions Engineering Copyr@ht 1998, Scdety of Petroleum Engineers, Inc. This paper was prapared for presentation at the 1998 SPE Annual Technicar Conference and Exhibition bald in New Orteans, Lcuisiana, 27-30 September 1998, This paper waa selected for presentation by en SPE Program Commiftee folrowing review of information contained in an abstract submitted by the author(a). Contents of the paper, as prasented, have not been reviewed by the Society of Petroleum Engineers and are subject to correction by the author(s). The materiar, as presented, does not necessarily reflect any position of the .%ciety of Petroleum Engineers, its officers, or members. Papers prasented at SPE meetings

438

Venezuela positioning itself to take key market role in wake of Gulf War  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on Venezuela which continues efforts to position itself in world markets to capitalize on fallout from the Persian Gulf war. The central government and state oil company Petroleos de Venezuela SA have accelerated already ambitious plans to expand activities in upstream and downstream oil and gas sectors. Pvdsa has sharply increased its 1991-96 investment program from the level planned at the end of last year. The goal is to put Venezuela on a par with major Persian Gulf oil exporters in terms of productive capacity. Linchpin of those efforts could well be further steps toward privatization of Venezuela's oil sector. For the first time since nationalization in 1976, private foreign and domestic companies are being permitted to participate in Venezuelan exploration and development. In addition, the government is trimming the onerous tax burden the oil sector has carried in Venezuela, as well as its heavy subsidy of domestic petroleum products.

Not Available

1991-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

439

Environmental and health consequences of depleted uranium use in the 1991 Gulf War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Depleted uranium (DU) is a by-product of the 235U radionuclide enrichment processes for nuclear reactors or nuclear weapons. DU in the metallic form has high density and hardness as well as pyrophoric properties, which makes it superior to the classical tungsten armour-piercing munitions. Military use of DU has been recently a subject of considerable concern, not only to radioecologists but also public opinion in terms of possible health hazards arising from its radioactivity and chemical toxicity. In this review, the results of uranium content measurements in different environmental samples performed by authors in Kuwait after Gulf War are presented with discussion concerning possible environmental and health effects for the local population. It was found that uranium concentration in the surface soil samples ranged from 0.3 to 2.5 ?g g?1 with an average value of 1.1 ?g g?1, much lower than world average value of 2.8 ?g g?1. The solid fallout samples showed similar concentrations varied from 0.3 to 1.7 ?g g?1 (average 1.47 ?g g?1). Only the average concentration of U in solid particulate matter in surface air equal to 0.24 ng g?1 was higher than the usually observed values of ?0.1 ng g?1 but it was caused by the high dust concentration in the air in that region. Calculated on the basis of these measurements, the exposure to uranium for the Kuwait and southern Iraq population does not differ from the world average estimation. Therefore, the widely spread information in newspapers and Internet (see for example: [CADU NEWS, 2003. http://www.cadu.org.uk/news/index.htm (313)]) concerning dramatic health deterioration for Iraqi citizens should not be linked directly with their exposure to DU after the Gulf War.

Henryk Bem; Firyal Bou-Rabee

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Cold, Salty and Promiscuous-Gene-shuffling Microbes Dominate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 30, 2013 September 30, 2013 Cold, Salty and Promiscuous—Gene-shuffling Microbes Dominate Antarctica’s Deep Lake Sequestered in Antarctica's Vestfold Hills, Deep Lake became isolated from the ocean 3,500 years ago by the Antarctic continent rising, resulting in a saltwater ecosystem that remains liquid in extreme cold, and providing researchers a unique niche for studying the evolution of the microbes that now thrive under such conditions. Deep Lake's microscopic inhabitants are dominated by haloarchaea, microbes that require high salt concentrations to grow and are naturally adapted to conditions - at minus 20°C - that would prove lethally cold to other organisms. In a detailed analysis published online the week of September 30, 2013 in the journal Proceedings

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Happy (But Cold) New Year | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Happy (But Cold) New Year Happy (But Cold) New Year Happy (But Cold) New Year January 11, 2011 - 5:50pm Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy It's gotten chilly in Washington, D.C., but that's probably old news to most of the country. I was thinking about it this morning, though, when there was a definite draft whistling from my bedroom windows. My family lives in a condo, so we have limited options for replacing the windows (that's more of a whole-building thing). What alternatives do we have besides turning up the heat (and blowing our electric bill out of the water)? Our tried-and-true remedy is one my father-in-law uses every year. He puts sheets of plastic wrap over the windows and tapes it closed with duct tape or something similar. It's an easy, cheap and quick way to block drafts.

442

Late January Cold Impacted Both Supply & Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

A brief cold spell occurred in the second half of January on top of A brief cold spell occurred in the second half of January on top of the low stocks. Cold weather increases demand, but it also can interfere with supply, as happened this past January. During the week ending January 22, temperatures in the New England and the Mid-Atlantic areas shifted from being15 percent and 17 percent warmer than normal, respectively, to 24 percent and 22 percent colder than normal. The weather change increased weekly heating requirements by about 40 percent. Temperature declines during the winter affect heating oil demand in a number of ways: Space heating demand increases; Electricity peaking demand increases and power generators must turn to distillate to meet the new peak needs; Fuel switching from natural gas to distillate occurs among large

443

Chasing a common cold virus | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Robert Fischetti (left), Glen Nemerow (center) and Vijay Reddy load samples at the Advanced Photon Source. Robert Fischetti (left), Glen Nemerow (center) and Vijay Reddy load samples at the Advanced Photon Source. Robert Fischetti (left), Glen Nemerow (center) and Vijay Reddy load samples at the Advanced Photon Source. Chasing a common cold virus By Susheela Bhat * October 19, 2012 Tweet EmailPrint As the cold and flu season makes its annual visit, a team of researchers, using Argonne's Advanced Photon Source, continue to complete a detailed map of the human adenovirus-one of several viruses responsible for the common cold. Although human adenovirus is usually not deadly, it is a seasonal nuisance to some and can cause deadly infections in others. In the early 1990s, Glen Nemerow, professor and principal investigator at the Immunology and Microbial Science division of The Scripps Institute,

444

Cracking a Cold Case and Enduring Mystery | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cracking a Cold Case and Enduring Mystery Cracking a Cold Case and Enduring Mystery Cracking a Cold Case and Enduring Mystery July 1, 2013 - 3:04pm Addthis Chris Brandon of the ROMACONS project collects a sample of ancient Roman concrete drilled from a breakwater in Pozzuoli Bay, near Naples, Italy. The breakwater dates back to roughly 37 B.C. | Photo courtesy of J.P. Oleson. Chris Brandon of the ROMACONS project collects a sample of ancient Roman concrete drilled from a breakwater in Pozzuoli Bay, near Naples, Italy. The breakwater dates back to roughly 37 B.C. | Photo courtesy of J.P. Oleson. Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science What are the key facts? Modern concrete buildings -- most made with Portland cement -- are built to last for a hundred or so years. But Roman concrete has withstood

445

Production of Ultra-Cold-Neutrons in Solid ?-Oxygen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our recent neutron scattering measurements of phonons and magnons in solid \\alpha-oxygen have led us to a new understanding of the production mechanismen of ultra-cold-neutrons (UCN) in this super-thermal converter. The UCN production in solid \\alpha-oxygen is dominated by the excitation of phonons. The contribution of magnons to UCN production becomes only slightly important above E >10 meV and at E >4 meV. Solid \\alpha-oxygen is in comparison to solid deuterium less effcient in the down-scattering of thermal or cold neutrons into the UCN energy regime.

E. Gutsmiedl; A. Frei; F. Boehle; A. Maier; S. Paul; H. Schober; A. Orecchini

2009-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

446

Reduce Air Infiltration in Furnaces  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This tip sheet describes how to save process heating energy and costs by reducing air infiltration in industrial furnaces; tips include repairing leaks and increasing insulation.

447

Transfer-type products accompanying cold fusion reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production of nuclei heavier than the target is treated for projectile-target combinations used in cold fusion reactions leading to superheavy nuclei. These products are related to transfer-type or to asymmetry-exit-channel quasifission reactions. The production of isotopes in the transfer-type reactions emitting of ? particles with large energies is discussed.

G. G. Adamian and N. V. Antonenko

2005-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

448

Fundamental Physics with Cold Neutrons J. S. Nico,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fundamental Physics with Cold Neutrons J. S. Nico,1 G. L. Greene,2 F. E. Wietfeldt,3 and W. S physics and quantum chromodynamics (QCD). Low energy properties of nucleons and nuclei, such as weak interactions in n-A systems, low energy n-A scattering amplitudes, and the internal electro- magnetic structure

449

Natural cold baryogenesis from strongly interacting electroweak symmetry breaking  

SciTech Connect

The mechanism of ''cold electroweak baryogenesis'' has been so far unpopular because its proposal has relied on the ad-hoc assumption of a period of hybrid inflation at the electroweak scale with the Higgs acting as the waterfall field. We argue here that cold baryogenesis can be naturally realized without the need to introduce any slow-roll potential. Our point is that composite Higgs models where electroweak symmetry breaking arises via a strongly first-order phase transition provide a well-motivated framework for cold baryogenesis. In this case, reheating proceeds by bubble collisions and we argue that this can induce changes in Chern-Simons number, which in the presence of new sources of CP violation commonly lead to baryogenesis. We illustrate this mechanism using as a source of CP violation an effective dimension-six operator which is free from EDM constraints, another advantage of cold baryogenesis compared to the standard theory of electroweak baryogenesis. Our results are general as they do not rely on any particular UV completion but only on a stage of supercooling ended by a first-order phase transition in the evolution of the universe, which can be natural if there is nearly conformal dynamics at the TeV scale. Besides, baryon-number violation originates from the Standard Model only.

Konstandin, Thomas; Servant, Graldine, E-mail: tkonstan@cern.ch, E-mail: geraldine.servant@cern.ch [CERN Physics Department, Theory Division, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

THE COLD AND DARK PROCESS AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE  

SciTech Connect

The deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) of a facility exposes D&D workers to numerous hazards. One of the more serious hazards is coming into contact to hazardous energy sources (e.g. electrical, pressurized steam). At the Savannah River Site (SRS) a formal process for identifying and eliminating sources of hazardous energy was developed and is called ''Cold & Dark''. Several ''near miss'' events involving cutting of energized conductors during D&D work in buildings thought to be isolated identified the need to have a formal process to identify and isolate these potentially hazardous systems. This process was developed using lessons learned from D&D activities at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Rocky Flats) in Colorado. The Cold & Dark process defines an isolation boundary (usually a building perimeter) and then systematically identifies all of the penetrations through this boundary. All penetrations that involve hazardous energy sources are then physically air-gapped. The final product is a documented declaration of isolation performed by a team involving operations, engineering, and project management. Once the Cold & Dark declaration is made for a building work can proceed without the usual controls used in an operational facility (e.g. lockout/tagout, arc flash PPE). It is important to note that the Cold & Dark process does not remove all hazards from a facility. Work planning and controls still need to address hazards that can be present from such things as chemicals, radiological contamination, residual liquids, etc., as well as standard industrial hazards.

Gilmour, J; William Austin, W; Cathy Sizemore, C

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

451

Fire Hazard Analysis for the Cold Vacuum Drying (CVD) Facility  

SciTech Connect

This Fire Hazard Analysis assesses the risk from fire within individual fire areas in the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility at the Hanford Site in relation to existing or proposed fire protection features to ascertain whether the objectives of DOE Order 5480.7A Fire Protection are met.

JOHNSON, B.H.

1999-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

452

www.usask.ca/water CHANGING COLD REGIONS NETWORK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.usask.ca/water CHANGING COLD REGIONS NETWORK Opportunities for Graduate Students and Post-Doctoral Fellows in Water-Related Research The Global Institute for Water Security (GIWS; www.usask.ca. For more details regarding the CCRN, please refer to our website at http://www.ccrnetwork.ca/. We invite

Saskatchewan, University of

453

Cold spray coating: review of material systems and future perspectives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This includes metallic, ceramic and metal matrix composite (MMC) coatings and their applications. Polymer (both matrix composite, Polymer, Ceramic, Nanostructured Powder This paper is part of a special issue on cold. Different materials such as metals, ceramics, composites and polymers can be deposited using CS, creating

Suresh, Subra

454

Turbulent Erosion Of Persistent Cold-Air Pools: Numerical Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-resolution idealized numerical simulations are used to examine the turbulent removal of cold-air pools commonly observed in mountain valleys and basins. A control simulation with winds aloft increasing from 0.5 to 20 m s-1 over 20 h combined ...

Neil P. Lareau; John D. Horel

455

ccsd00002835, Light scattering from cold rolled aluminum surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ccsd­00002835, version 2 ­ 14 Sep 2004 Light scattering from cold rolled aluminum surfaces Damien Camille Soula , 31400 Toulouse, France We present experimental light scattering measurements from aluminum scattering measurements of an s-polarized electromagnetic wave (632.8 nanometers) from a rough aluminum alloy

456

Cold Vacuum Drying (CVD) Electrical System Design Description  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a technical explanation of the design and operation of the electrical system for the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility. This document identifies the requirements, and the basis for the requirements and details on how the requirements have been implemented in the design and construction of the facility. This document also provides general guidance for the surveillance, testing, and maintenance of this system.

BRISBIN, S.A.

1999-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

457

The Cold and Dark Process at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

The deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) of a facility exposes D and D workers to numerous hazards. One of the more serious hazards is coming into contact to hazardous energy sources (e.g. electrical, pressurized steam). At the Savannah River Site (SRS) a formal process for identifying and eliminating sources of hazardous energy was developed and is called 'Cold and Dark'. Several 'near miss' events involving cutting of energized conductors during D and D work in buildings thought to be isolated identified the need to have a formal process to identify and isolate these potentially hazardous systems. This process was developed using lessons learned from D and D activities at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Rocky Flats) in Colorado. The Cold and Dark process defines an isolation boundary (usually a building perimeter) and then systematically identifies all of the penetrations through this boundary. All penetrations that involve hazardous energy sources are then physically air-gapped. The final product is a documented declaration of isolation performed by a team involving operations, engineering, and project management. Once the Cold and Dark declaration is made for a building work can proceed without the usual controls used in an operational facility (e.g. lockout/tag-out, arc flash PPE). It is important to note that the Cold and Dark process does not remove all hazards from a facility. Work planning and controls still need to address hazards that can be present from such things as chemicals, radiological contamination, residual liquids, etc., as well as standard industrial hazards. Savannah River Site experienced 6 electrical events prior to declaring a facility 'cold and dark' and has had zero electrical events after 'cold and dark' declaration (263 facilities to date). The formal Cold and Dark process developed at SRS has eliminated D and D worker exposures to hazardous energy sources. Since the implementation of the process there have been no incidents involving energized conductors or pressurized liquids/gases. During this time SRS has demolished over 200 facilities. The ability to perform intrusive D and D activities without the normal controls such as lock outs results in shorter schedule durations and lower overall costs for a facility D and D.

Gilmour, John C. [CH2SRC, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States); Willis, Michael L. [Washington Savannah River Company, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

458

Prolonged cold storage of red blood cells by oxygen removal and additive usage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Prolonged cold storage of red blood cells by oxygen removal and additive usage. A cost-effective, 4 C storage procedure that preserves red cell quality and prolongs post-transfusion in vivo survival is described. The improved in vivo survival and the preservation of adenosine triphosphate levels, along with reduction in hemolysis and membrane vesicle production of red blood cells stored at 4 C for prolonged periods of time, is achieved by reducing the oxygen level therein at the time of storage; in particular, by flushing the cells with an inert gas, and storing them in an aqueous solution which includes adenine, dextrose, mannitol, citrate ion, and dihydrogen phosphate ion, but no sodium chloride, in an oxygen-permeable container which is located in an oxygen-free environment containing oxygen-scavenging materials. 8 figs.

Bitensky, M.W.; Yoshida, Tatsuro

1998-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

459

Long-pulse arc-discharge plasma source with cold cathode for diagnostic neutral beam injector  

SciTech Connect

Long-pulse cold cathode arc-discharge plasma generators have been successfully used as high-quality hydrogen ion sources for plasma diagnostic neutral beams. One of the main advantages of this type of plasma source is a high proton fraction (80%-90%). However, the lifetime of the plasma source is limited due to intensive electrode's erosion, especially at the cathode region. An optimized design of the cathode and the nearest electrodes is found which reduces the erosion and allows us to increase the pulse length. The plasma source produces the extracted ion current up to 3 A at a low angular divergence, and at the pulse duration up to 2 s.

Deichuli, P. P.; Ivanov, A. A.; Stupishin, N. V. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Building America Residential System Research Results: Achieving 30% Whole House Energy Savings Level in Cold Climates  

SciTech Connect

The Building America program conducts the system research required to reduce risks associated with the design and construction of homes that use an average of 30% to 90% less total energy for all residential energy uses than the Building America Research Benchmark, including research on homes that will use zero net energy on annual basis. To measure the program's progress, annual research milestones have been established for five major climate regions in the United States. The system research activities required to reach each milestone take from 3 to 5 years to complete and include research in individual test houses, studies in pre-production prototypes, and research studies with lead builders that provide early examples that the specified energy savings level can be successfully achieved on a production basis. This report summarizes research results for the 30% energy savings level and demonstrates that lead builders can successfully provide 30% homes in Cold Climates on a cost-neutral basis.

Building Industry Research Alliance (BIRA); Building Science Consortium (BSC); Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB); Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC); IBACOS; National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

High flux isotope reactor cold source preconceptual design study report  

SciTech Connect

In February 1995, the deputy director of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) formed a group to examine the need for upgrades to the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) system in light of the cancellation of the Advanced Neutron Source Project. One of the major findings of this study was that there was an immediate need for the installation of a cold neutron source facility in the HFIR complex. The anticipated cold source will consist of a cryogenic LH{sub 2} moderator plug, a cryogenic pump system, a refrigerator that uses helium gas as a refrigerant, a heat exchanger to interface the refrigerant with the hydrogen loop, liquid hydrogen transfer lines, a gas handling system that includes vacuum lines, and an instrumentation and control system to provide constant system status monitoring and to maintain system stability. The scope of this project includes the development, design, safety analysis, procurement/fabrication, testing, and installation of all of the components necessary to produce a working cold source within an existing HFIR beam tube. This project will also include those activities necessary to transport the cold neutron beam to the front face of the present HFIR beam room. The cold source project has been divided into four phases: (1) preconceptual, (2) conceptual design and research and development (R and D), (3) detailed design and procurement, and (4) installation and operation. This report marks the conclusion of the preconceptual phase and establishes the concept feasibility. The information presented includes the project scope, the preliminary design requirements, the preliminary cost and schedule, the preliminary performance data, and an outline of the various plans for completing the project.

Selby, D.L.; Bucholz, J.A.; Burnette, S.E. [and others

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

V-030: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

30: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny 30: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service V-030: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service November 21, 2012 - 3:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service PLATFORM: ColdFusion 10 Update 1 and above for Windows ABSTRACT: Adobe ColdFusion Denial of Service Vulnerability REFERENCE LINKS: Adobe Vulnerability identifier: APSB12-25 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027787 Secunia Advisory SA51335 CVE-2012-5674 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION: A vulnerability was reported in Adobe ColdFusion. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions. A remote user can send specially crafted data to cause unspecified denial of service conditions on the target ColdFusion service on Windows Internet

463

T-698: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm'...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks T-698: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' Permits Cross-Site Scripting...

464

Analyzing the level of service and cost trade-offs in cold chain transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis discusses the tradeoff between transportation cost and the level of service in cold chain transportation. Its purpose is to find the relationship between transportation cost and the level of service in cold ...

Liu, Saiqi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Role of energy cost in the yield of cold ternary fission of 252 Cf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy costs in the cold ternary fission of 252Cf for various light charged particle emission are calculated by including Wongs correction for Coulomb potential. Energy cost is found to be higher in cold ......

P V KUNHIKRISHNAN; K P SANTHOSH

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Photons and particles emitted from cold atmospheric-pressure plasma inactivate bacteria and biomolecules independently and synergistically  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...particles emitted from cold atmospheric-pressure plasma inactivate bacteria and...Bochum, Germany Cold atmospheric-pressure plasmas are currently in use...bactericidal properties of cold atmospheric-pressure plasma. plasma medicine|atmospheric-pressure...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

An exceptionally cold-adapted alpha-amylase from a metagenomic library of a cold and alkaline environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A cold-active ?-amylase, AmyI3C6, identified by a functional metagenomics approach was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Sequence analysis showed that the AmyI3C6 amylase was similar to ?...

Jan Kjlhede Vester; Mikkel Andreas Glaring

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Independent Oversight Review, Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility- August 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Review of Hanford K Basin and Cold Vacuum Drying Facility Found Fuel Multi-Canister Overpack Operations

469

A review of "Blown by the Spirit: Puritanism and the Emergence of an Antinomian Underground in Pre-Civil War England" by David Como.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REVIEWS 233 David Como. Blown by the Spirit: Puritanism and the Emergence of an Antinomian Underground in Pre-Civil War England. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004. xiii + 513 pp. $65.00. Theodore Dwight Bozeman. The Precisianist Strain...

William J. Scheick

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

[TR] The legacies of World War II, (a roundtable discussion with H. Brooks, J. W. Forrester, P. Morrison, A. Roland, S. van Evera, E. C. Weaver, H. Woolf),  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[TR] The legacies of World War II, (a roundtable discussion with H. Brooks, J. W. Forrester, P. Florida and M. Kenney, ``The Breakthrough Illusion: Corporate America's Failure to Move from Innovation

Odlyzko, Andrew M.

471

The socio-technical construction of precision bombing : a study of shared control and cognition by humans, machines, and doctrine during World War II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the creation and initial use of the precision bombing system employed by the United States Army Air Forces during World War II in the opening phase of the Combined Bomber Offensive against Germany. ...

O'Mara, Raymond P. (Raymond Patrick)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Reduced shedding regenerator and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reduced shedding regenerator and method are disclosed with regenerator surfaces to minimize shedding of particles from the regenerator thereby alleviating a source of potential damage and malfunction of a thermal regenerative machine using the regenerator.

Qiu, Songgang (Richland, WA); Augenblick, John E. (Richland, WA); Erbeznik, Raymond M. (Kennewick, WA)

2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

473

Cold drawn steel wires--processing, residual stresses and ductility Part II: Synchrotron and neutron diffraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cold drawn steel wires--processing, residual stresses and ductility Part II: Synchrotron Received in final form 29 September 2005 ABSTRACT Cold drawing of steel wires leads to an increase proposed that cold drawing would induce a phase transformation of the steel, possibly a martensitic

474

Persisting cold extremes under 21stcentury warming scenarios Evan Kodra,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Persisting cold extremes under 21stcentury warming scenarios Evan Kodra,1,2 Karsten Steinhaeuser,1 27 April 2011. [1] Analyses of climate model simulations and observations reveal that extreme cold. The gridbased intensity, duration and frequency of cold extreme events are calculated annually through three

Minnesota, University of

475

Ordinary warscapes in Sierra Leone: the relationship between the Sierra Leone Civil War and its cultural landscape  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Person NGO Non-governmental Organization NPFL National Patriotic Front of Liberia NPRC National Provisional Ruling Council RSLMF Republic of Sierra Leone Military Forces RUF Revolutionary United Front SLA Sierra Leone Army ULIMO United... tangible This thesis follows the style of African Affairs. 1 Lansana Gberie, A Dirty War in West Africa: The RUF and the Destruction of Sierra Leone (Hurst & Company, London, 2005), p. 7. 2...

Wagstaff, Jeremiah Matthew

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

Oil imports: US energy dependence remains high after the Gulf War  

SciTech Connect

When Saddam Hussein sent his troops across the border into oil-rich Kuwait on Aug. 2, 1990, the stage was set for yet another global oil shock. To most everyone's surprise, the gulf war's impact on oil supplies was less traumatic, in the long run, than expected. But the situation nonetheless forces the US to confront its continued dependence on oil imports. During the last major energy crisis, in 1978-1979, oil shortages resulted in higher prices and prompted Americans to save energy. Oil imports shrank. But the subsequent fall in oil prices prompted consumers to return to bigger, less-efficient cars, and oil imports climbed back up. Then Saddam plundered his neighbor, putting the torch to more than 500 Kuwaiti oil wells and sparking the US to re-examine its energy policies. This article examines the issues involved in increased U.S. dependence on foreign oil. Areas covered are history of U.S. oil dominance, postwar (WWII) import quotas, the birth of OPEC, Reagan and Bush Administration energy policies, gas mileage standards, and the future of continued dependence.

Cooper, M.H.

1991-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

477

Russia as a great power: Status inconsistency and the two Chechen wars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The article examines Russia as a great power from the point of view of status inconsistency theory. Applications of the theory to Russia have focused on the status accorded to Russia in diplomatic representation and membership of key international organizations, which suggests that Russia is a status overachiever in that it has an international status that is greater than its actual capabilities would warrant. However, this article focuses on Russian perceptions of the country's status internationally, especially as reflected in the actual experience of membership in international organizations (OSCE, Council of Europe) and relations with the EU in the context of the two Chechen wars. The article demonstrates that, at least according to Russian assessments, Russia is accorded lower status in these organizations than the great power status which most Russians believe should be theirs. While concluding that status inconsistency is a useful tool for explaining Russian foreign policy behavior, the article notes that differing assessments of what Russia's level of status recognition is pose challenges for status inconsistency theory.

Hanna Smith

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Cold Spring Harbor, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cold Spring Harbor, New York: Energy Resources Cold Spring Harbor, New York: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.8714873°, -73.456788° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.8714873,"lon":-73.456788,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

479

Cold cases heat up through Lawrence Livermore approach to identifying  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10-03 10-03 For immediate release: 10/10/2012 | NR-12-10-03 Cold cases heat up through Lawrence Livermore approach to identifying remains Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly Bruce Buchholz loads a sample in the accelerator. High Resolution Image LIVERMORE, Calif. -- In an effort to identify the thousands of John/Jane Doe cold cases in the United States, a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researcher and a team of international collaborators have found a multidisciplinary approach to identifying the remains of missing persons. Using "bomb pulse" radiocarbon analysis developed at Lawrence Livermore, combined with recently developed anthropological analysis and forensic DNA techniques, the researchers were able to identify the remains of a missing

480

Mr. Frank Archer President Niagara Cold Drawn Steel Corporation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Department of Energy Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 FEB 2 1 1991 ' i-. 1,; ' -, f ' + \ 1 : , .J p- * c - Mr. Frank Archer President Niagara Cold Drawn Steel Corporation 110 Hopkins Street P.O. Box 399 Buffalo, NY 14240 Dear Mr. Archer: I have executed the consent forms for the performance of a radiological survey of the Niagara Cold Drawn Steel Corporation's property under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). I enclose a copy of the consent for your company's records. Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) will perform the survey of your company's property. MS. Michelle Landis (615-576-2908) is the project manager for ORAU. We have worked with Mr. Shells of your staff on this project and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reduce cold war" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Formation of superheavy nuclei in cold fusion reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the concept of the dinuclear system (DNS), a dynamical model is proposed for describing the formation of superheavy nuclei in complete fusion reactions by incorporating the coupling of the relative motion to the nucleon transfer process. The capture of two heavy colliding nuclei, the formation of the compound nucleus and the de-excitation process are calculated by using an empirical coupled channel model, solving a master equation numerically and applying statistical theory, respectively. Evaporation residue excitation functions in cold fusion reactions are investigated systematically and compared with available experimental data. Maximal production cross sections of superheavy nuclei in cold fusion reactions with stable neutron-rich projectiles are obtained. Isotopic trends in the production of the superheavy elements Z=110, 112, 114, 116, 118 and 120 are analyzed systematically. Optimal combinations and the corresponding excitation energies are proposed.

Feng, Zhao-Qing; Li, Jun-Qing; Scheid, Werner

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Formation of superheavy nuclei in cold fusion reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the concept of the dinuclear system (DNS), a dynamical model is proposed for describing the formation of superheavy nuclei in complete fusion reactions by incorporating the coupling of the relative motion to the nucleon transfer process. The capture of two heavy colliding nuclei, the formation of the compound nucleus and the de-excitation process are calculated by using an empirical coupled channel model, solving a master equation numerically and applying statistical theory, respectively. Evaporation residue excitation functions in cold fusion reactions are investigated systematically and compared with available experimental data. Maximal production cross sections of superheavy nuclei in cold fusion reactions with stable neutron-rich projectiles are obtained. Isotopic trends in the production of the superheavy elements Z=110, 112, 114, 116, 118 and 120 are analyzed systematically. Optimal combinations and the corresponding excitation energies are proposed.

Zhao-Qing Feng; Gen-Ming Jin; Jun-Qing Li; Werner Scheid

2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

483

Viscoelastic modes in a strongly coupled, cold, magnetized dusty plasma  

SciTech Connect

A generalized hydrodynamical model has been used to study the low frequency modes in a strongly coupled, cold, magnetized dusty plasma. Such plasmas exhibit elastic properties due to the strong correlations among dust particles and the tensile stresses imparted by the magnetic field. It has been shown that longitudinal compressional Alfven modes and elasticity modified transverse shear mode exist in such a medium. The features of these collective modes are established and discussed.

Banerjee, Debabrata; Mylavarapu, Janaki Sita; Chakrabarti, Nikhil [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, I/AF Bidhannagar, Calcutta 700 064 (India)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

Arrangement for studying pulsed cold emission of electrons  

SciTech Connect

An arrangement is presented for studying pulsed, cold electron emission which is composed of the following components: a generator unit for high-voltage rectangular pulses that permits a series of pulses of negative and positive polarity to be obtained in which the duration can be smoothly varied from 5 usec to 5 sec at amplitudes from 0 to 38 kV, and also a sensitive circuit for registering weak pulses of the emission currents.

Egorov, N.V.; Kallistov, K.O.; Kharitonov, O.A.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Cold Vacuum Drying (CVD) Electrical System Design Description  

SciTech Connect

This system design description (SDD) provides a technical explanation of the design and operation of the electrical system for the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF). This SDD also identifies the requirements, and the basis for the requirements and details on how the requirements have been implemented in the design and construction of the facility. This SDD also provides general guidance for the surveillance, testing, and maintenance of this system.

SINGH, G.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Cold Bay Hot Spring Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cold Bay Hot Spring Geothermal Area Cold Bay Hot Spring Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Cold Bay Hot Spring Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (0) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.2217,"lon":-162.412,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

487

U-257: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

57: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny 57: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service U-257: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service September 12, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service PLATFORM: ColdFusion 10, 9.0.2, 9.0.1, 9.0, 8.0.1, and 8.0 for Windows, Macintosh and UNIX ABSTRACT: Adobe ColdFusion is prone to a remote denial-of-service vulnerability. reference LINKS: Adobe Security bulletins and advisories Adobe Vulnerability identifier: APSB12-21 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027516 Bugtraq ID: 55499 CVE-2012-2048 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Adobe has released a security hotfix for ColdFusion 10 and earlier versions for Windows, Macintosh and UNIX. This update resolves a vulnerability which

488

U-257: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny 7: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service U-257: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service September 12, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Adobe ColdFusion Unspecified Bug Lets Remote Users Deny Service PLATFORM: ColdFusion 10, 9.0.2, 9.0.1, 9.0, 8.0.1, and 8.0 for Windows, Macintosh and UNIX ABSTRACT: Adobe ColdFusion is prone to a remote denial-of-service vulnerability. reference LINKS: Adobe Security bulletins and advisories Adobe Vulnerability identifier: APSB12-21 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027516 Bugtraq ID: 55499 CVE-2012-2048 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Adobe has released a security hotfix for ColdFusion 10 and earlier versions for Windows, Macintosh and UNIX. This update resolves a vulnerability which

489

V-045: Adobe ColdFusion Lets Local Users Bypass Sandbox Restrictions |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Adobe ColdFusion Lets Local Users Bypass Sandbox 5: Adobe ColdFusion Lets Local Users Bypass Sandbox Restrictions V-045: Adobe ColdFusion Lets Local Users Bypass Sandbox Restrictions December 12, 2012 - 2:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Adobe ColdFusion Lets Local Users Bypass Sandbox Restrictions PLATFORM: ColdFusion 10, 9.0.2, 9.0.1 and 9.0 for Windows, Macintosh and UNIX ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Adobe ColdFusion. REFERENCE LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027853 Adobe Vulnerability identifier: APSB12-26 CVE 2012-5675 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION: Adobe has released a security hotfix for ColdFusion 10 and earlier versions for Windows, Macintosh and UNIX. This hotfix resolves a vulnerability which could result in a sandbox permissions violation in a shared hosting environment. Adobe recommends users update their product installation using

490

T-698: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' Permits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' 8: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks T-698: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks August 22, 2011 - 3:54pm Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in Adobe ColdFusion. A remote user can conduct cross-site scripting attacks. PLATFORM: Adobe ColdFusion 9.x ABSTRACT: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks. reference LINKS: Adobe Vulnerability Report Adobe Security Bulletin ColdFusion Support SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025957 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: The 'probe.cfm' script does not properly filter HTML code from user-supplied input in the 'name' parameter before displaying the input. A remote user can create a specially crafted URL that, when loaded by a

491

T-698: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' Permits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' 8: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks T-698: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks August 22, 2011 - 3:54pm Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in Adobe ColdFusion. A remote user can conduct cross-site scripting attacks. PLATFORM: Adobe ColdFusion 9.x ABSTRACT: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks. reference LINKS: Adobe Vulnerability Report Adobe Security Bulletin ColdFusion Support SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025957 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: The 'probe.cfm' script does not properly filter HTML code from user-supplied input in the 'name' parameter before displaying the input. A remote user can create a specially crafted URL that, when loaded by a

492

Announcing: All Recycling Reduce your  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Announcing: All Recycling Go Green! Reduce your contribution to the landfill, by choosing to voluntarily recycle acceptable items in the green All Recycling toters and containers around campus. ONLY THE ITEMS BELOW ARE ACCEPTED FOR ALL RECYCLING Please do not contaminate the recycling containers with trash

Papautsky, Ian

493

Ultra-cold atomic matter and quantum information My group studies various many-body states of ultra cold atoms and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultra-cold atomic matter and quantum information My group studies various many-body states of ultra cold atoms and investigates possible applications towards quantum computation. Two subjects studies of nematic Mott states and dimerized valence bond states of spin-one atoms. We also have

Plotkin, Steven S.

494

The role of stratosphere-troposphere coupling in the occurrence of extreme winter cold spells over northern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the stratosphere, the MPI Earth System Model. Geopotential height anomalies leading to cold air outbreaks leave

Gerber, Edwin

495

Reducing carbon dioxide to products  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method reducing carbon dioxide to one or more products may include steps (A) to (C). Step (A) may bubble said carbon dioxide into a solution of an electrolyte and a catalyst in a divided electrochemical cell. The divided electrochemical cell may include an anode in a first cell compartment and a cathode in a second cell compartment. The cathode may reduce said carbon dioxide into said products. Step (B) may adjust one or more of (a) a cathode material, (b) a surface morphology of said cathode, (c) said electrolyte, (d) a manner in which said carbon dioxide is bubbled, (e), a pH level of said solution, and (f) an electrical potential of said divided electrochemical cell, to vary at least one of (i) which of said products is produced and (ii) a faradaic yield of said products. Step (C) may separate said products from said solution.

Cole, Emily Barton; Sivasankar, Narayanappa; Parajuli, Rishi; Keets, Kate A

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

496

The stresses in the reels of cold reduction mills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An investigation into the stress distribution in the reels of a cold reduction mill is described. The results indicated that the distribution is nearly axially symmetrical, and it was concluded that Inglis's theory of wire winding might be adapted to give a reasonable approximation of the stresses over the surface of a reel drum in the form of a thick-walled tube. This has been confirmed by the direct measurement of tangential stress in the lap of a coil next to the reel.

R B Sims; J A Place

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Nonlinear lower hybrid oscillations in a cold viscous plasma  

SciTech Connect

An analytical description of nonlinear lower hybrid oscillations in a cold quasi-neutral plasma in the presence of viscosity is presented in one spatial dimension by using Lagrangian variables. By treating viscosity coefficients of the electron and ion fluids as inversely proportional to their respective densities, an exact solution is obtained. It is found that the damping rate of such oscillations is directly proportional to the effective viscosity coefficients of electron and ion fluids. A possible implication of such solutions is briefly outlined.

Maity, Chandan; Chakrabarti, Nikhil [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata-700064 (India)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

Thermal, thermoelectric, and cathode poisoning effects in cold fusion experiments  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on an unsuccessful attempt to repeat the observations by Fleischmann and Pons of cold nuclear fusion in deuterium-charged palladium; no excess heat is found, nor is any gamma or neutron activity identified. Peltier heating at the palladium/platinum junction is investigated, but no effects are seen; the possibility remains, however, that a large Peltier coefficient may arise for deuterium concentrations that render the palladium-deuterium semiconducting. Finally, the effects of poisoning the palladium with cyanide were investigated.

Keesing, R.G.; Greenhow, R.C.; Cohler, M.D. (Univ. of York, Dept. of Physics, Heslington, York Y01 5DD (GB)); McQuillan, A.J. (Univ. of Otago, Dept. of Chemistry, Dunedin (NZ))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Particle Velocity and Deposition Efficiency in the Cold Spray Process  

SciTech Connect

Copper powder was sprayed by the cold-gas dynamic method. In-flight particle velocities were measured with a laser-two-focus system as a function of process parameters such as gas temperature, gas pressure, and powder feed rate. Particle velocities were uniform in a relatively large volume within the plume and agreed with theoretical predictions. The presence of the substrate was found to have no significant effect on particle velocities. Cold-spray deposition efficiencies were measured on aluminum substrates as a function of particle velocity and incident angle of the plume. Deposition efficiencies of up to 95% were achieved. The critical velocity for deposition was determined to be about 640 meters per second. This work investigates both the in-flight characteristics of copper particles in a supersonic cold-spray plume and the build-up of the subsequent coating on aluminum substrates. Velocities were found to be relatively constant within a large volume of the plume. Particle counts dropped off sharply away from the central axis. The presence of a substrate was found to have no effect on the velocity of the particles. A substantial mass-loading effect on the particle velocity was observed; particle velocities begin to drop as the mass ratio of powder to gas flow rates exceeds 3%. The measured variation of velocity with gas pressure and pre-heat temperature was in fairly good agreement with theoretical predictions. Helium may be used as the driving gas instead of air in order to achieve higher particle velocities for a given temperature and pressure. Coating deposition efficiencies were found to increase with particle velocity and decrease with gun- substrate angle. There did not appear to be any dependence of the deposition efficiency on coating thickness. A critical velocity for deposition of about 640 mk appears to fit the data well. The cold-spray technique shows promise as a method for the deposition of materials which are thermally sensitive or may experience rapid oxidation under typical thermal spray conditions. High deposition efficiencies are achievable for certain coating-substrate conditions. Work remains to determine the material and microstructural properties which govern the coating process.

Dykhuizen, R.C.; Gilmore, D.L.; Neiser, R.A.; Roemer, T.J.; Smith, M.F.

1998-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

500

Ultra-cold methods of atomic hydrogen electron spin separation  

SciTech Connect

Two ultra-cold methods of atomic hydrogen electron spin separation for polarized jet targets and sources will be described and compared. Both of them use a helium-film coated cell at 300 mK located in a high magnetic field. The first one, microwave driven extraction, uses a 212 GHz microwave system and 7.5 T magnetic field with a high uniformity ({Delta}B/B{approx} 10{sup {minus}5}). The second method employs the gradient of a high magnetic field for the state separation and beam formation. Experimental results from the two methods will be presented.

Luppov, V.G.; Kaufman, W.A.; Krisch, A.D. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)] [and others

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z