Sample records for red italic format

  1. Goldberger-Treiman relation, [ital g][sub [ital A

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eletsky, V.L. (Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States) Institute for Theoretical Physics, Berne University, Sidlerstrasse 5, CH-3012 Berne (Switzerland)); Kogan, I.I. (Physics Department, Jadwin Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (United States))

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Goldberger-Treiman relation is shown to persist in the chiral limit at finite temperatures to [ital O]([ital T][sup 2]). The [ital T] dependence of [ital g][sub [ital A

  2. Neutrino production in [ital e][sup +][ital e[minus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gluza, J.; Zralek, M. (Department of Field Theory and Particle Physics, Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Uniwersytecka 4, PL-40-007 Katowice (Poland))

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of light and heavy ([nu][ital N]) and two heavy neutrinos ([ital NN]) in [ital e][sup +][ital e[minus

  3. Lattice computation of the decay constants of {ital B} and {ital D} mesons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernard, C.W. [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Labrenz, J.N. [Department of Physics FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Soni, A. [Department of Physics, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A lattice calculation of the pseudoscalar decay constant of heavy-light mesons is reported. Results are obtained (in the quenched approximation) from lattices at {beta}=6.3 through a procedure that interpolates between the static approximation of Eichten and the conventional (``heavy`` Wilson fermion) method. The previously observed discrepancy between these two approaches has been resolved: we find the scaling quantity {ital f} {radical}M to be significantly smaller than previous calculations had indicated (e.g., at {beta}=6.0); in addition, we discuss a modification which is required in normalizing the conventional amplitude to correct for large-{ital am} lattice errors. This change guarantees that {ital f} {radical}M will smoothly approach its value in the static limit. From the numerical interpolation of the static and intermediate-mass results, we find, in units of MeV, {ital f}{sub {ital B}}=187(10){plus_minus}34{plus_minus}15, {ital f}{sub {ital B}{ital s}}=207(9){plus_minus}34{plus_minus}22, {ital f}{sub {ital D}}=208(9){plus_minus}35{plus_minus}12, and {ital f}{sub {ital D}{ital s}}=230(7){plus_minus}30{plus_minus}18, where the first error is statistical and the second two are estimates of systematics due to (1) fitting and large-{ital am} effects and (2) scaling. The ratios are better determined: {ital f}{sub {ital D}}/{ital f}{sub {ital D}{ital s}}, {ital f}{sub {ital B}}/{ital f}{sub {ital B}{ital s}}, {ital f}{sub {ital B}}/{ital f}{sub {ital D}}, and {ital f}{sub {ital B}{ital s}}/{ital f}{sub {ital D}{ital s}} are all 0.90 within a total error of less than 0.05.

  4. Kaon [ital B] parameter with Wilson fermions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, R.; Daniel, D. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, T-8, MS-B285, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)); Kilcup, G.W. (Physics Department, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)); Patel, A. (Supercomputer Education and Research Centre and Centre for Theoretical Studies, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)); Sharpe, S.R. (Physics Department FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the kaon [ital B] parameter in quenched lattice QCD at [beta]=6.0 using Wilson fermions at [kappa]=0.154 and 0.155. We use two kinds of nonlocal ( smeared'') sources for quark propagators to calculate the matrix elements between states of definite momentum. The use of smeared sources yields results with much smaller errors than obtained in previous calculations with Wilson fermions. By combining results for [bold p]=(0,0,0) and [bold p]=(0,0,1), we show that one can carry out the noperturbative subtraction necessary to remove the dominant lattice artifacts induced by the chiral-symmetry-breaking term in the Wilson action. Our final results are in good agreement with those obtained using staggered fermions. We also present results for [ital B] parameters of the [Delta][ital I]=3/2 part of the electromagnetic penguin operators, and preliminary results for [ital B][sub [ital K

  5. [Lambda][ital N]-[Sigma][ital N] interaction with isobar coupling and six-quark resonances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenberg, W.R. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)); Lomon, E.L. (Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States))

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The long-range [Lambda][ital N]-[Sigma][ital N] interaction is modeled by a configuration-space meson-exchange potential matrix coupling to channels with [Delta] and [Sigma](1385) isobars. An inner boundary condition, based on [ital R]-matrix theory, replaces form factors for short-range effects and includes the effects of free quark configurations. An excellent fit is obtained to the available data, with only the energy-independent boundary conditions as free parameters. The effect of isobar thresholds is shown to be substantial in several partial waves and is crucial to the understanding of the higher-energy [Lambda][ital N] elastic scattering data. The positions and widths of [[ital q](1[ital s][sub 1/2])][sup 5][ital s](1[ital s][sub 1/2]) quark exotics are predicted.

  6. INTELLIGENT COMPUTING SYSTEM FOR RESERVOIR ANALYSIS AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF THE RED RIVER FORMATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark A. Sippel; William C. Carrigan; Kenneth D. Luff; Lyn Canter

    2003-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrated software has been written that comprises the tool kit for the Intelligent Computing System (ICS). The software tools in ICS have been developed for characterization of reservoir properties and evaluation of hydrocarbon potential using a combination of inter-disciplinary data sources such as geophysical, geologic and engineering variables. The ICS tools provide a means for logical and consistent reservoir characterization and oil reserve estimates. The tools can be broadly characterized as (1) clustering tools, (2) neural solvers, (3) multiple-linear regression, (4) entrapment-potential calculator and (5) file utility tools. ICS tools are extremely flexible in their approach and use, and applicable to most geologic settings. The tools are primarily designed to correlate relationships between seismic information and engineering and geologic data obtained from wells, and to convert or translate seismic information into engineering and geologic terms or units. It is also possible to apply ICS in a simple framework that may include reservoir characterization using only engineering, seismic, or geologic data in the analysis. ICS tools were developed and tested using geophysical, geologic and engineering data obtained from an exploitation and development project involving the Red River Formation in Bowman County, North Dakota and Harding County, South Dakota. Data obtained from 3D seismic surveys, and 2D seismic lines encompassing nine prospective field areas were used in the analysis. The geologic setting of the Red River Formation in Bowman and Harding counties is that of a shallow-shelf, carbonate system. Present-day depth of the Red River formation is approximately 8000 to 10,000 ft below ground surface. This report summarizes production results from well demonstration activity, results of reservoir characterization of the Red River Formation at demonstration sites, descriptions of ICS tools and strategies for their application.

  7. Insight into the Common Mechanism of the Chromophore Formation in the Red Fluorescent Proteins: The Elusive Blue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krylov, Anna I.

    : The Elusive Blue Intermediate Revealed Ksenia B. Bravaya, Oksana M. Subach, Nadezhda Korovina, Vladislav V calculations identifying the nature of a blue intermediate, a key species in the process of the red chromophore formation in DsRed, TagRFP, fluorescent timers, and PAmCherry. The chromophore of the blue intermediate has

  8. Observation of enhanced subthreshold [ital K][sup +] production in central collisions between heavy nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miskowiec, D.; Ahner, W.; Barth, R.; Cieslak, M.; Debowski, M.; Grosse, E.; Henning, W.; Koczon, P.; Schicker, R.; Schwab, E.; Senger, P. (Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64220 Darmstadt (Germany)); Baltes, P.; Muentz, C.; Oeschler, H.; Sartorius, S.; Sturm, C.; Wagner, A. (Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany)); Beckerle, P.; Bormann, C.; Brill, D.; Shin, Y.; Stein, J.; Stock, R.; Stroebele, H. (Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universitaet, D-60486 Frankfurt (Germany)); Kohlmeyer, B.; Poeppl, H.; Puehlhofer, F.; Speer, J.; Voelkel, K. (Philipps Universitaet, D-35037 Marburg (Germany)); Walus, W. (Jagiellonian University, PL-30-059 Krakow (Poland))

    1994-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In the very heavy collision system [sup 197]Au+[sup 197]Au the [ital K][sup +] production process was studied as a function of impact parameter at 1 GeV/nucleon, a beam energy well below the free [ital N]-[ital N] threshold. The [ital K][sup +] multiplicity increases more than linearly with the number of participant nucleons and the [ital K][sup +]/[pi][sup +] ratio rises significantly when going from peripheral to central collisions. The measured [ital K][sup +] double differential cross section is enhanced by a factor of 6 compared to microscopic transport calculations if secondary processes ([Delta][ital N][r arrow][ital K][Lambda][ital N] and [Delta][Delta][r arrow][ital K][Lambda][ital N]) are ignored.

  9. CP, T, and CPT tests in neutral Kaon decays using tagged {ital K}{sup 0}, {ital K}{sup 0}at LEAR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adler, R.; Alhalel, T. [University of Basle (Switzerland); Angelopoulos, A.; Apostolakis, A. [University of Athens (Greece); Aslanides, E. [CPPM, IN2P3-CNRS et Universite d`Aix-Marseille II (France); Backenstoss, G. [University of Basle (Switzerland); Bee, C.P. [CPPM, IN2P3-CNRS et Universite d`Aix-Marseille II (France); Behnke, O. [ETH-ITP Zuerich (Switzerland); Bennet, J. [University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Bertin, V. [CPPM, IN2P3-CNRS et Universite d`Aix-Marseille II (France); Blanc, F. [University of Fribourg (Germany)]|[Paul-Scherrer-Institut (??); Bloch, P. [CERN (Switzerland); Bula, C. [Paul-Scherrer-Institut (??); Carlson, P. [KTH Stockholm (Sweden); Carroll, M. [University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Carvalho, J. [LIP and University of Coimbra (Portugal); Cawley, E. [University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Charalambous, S.; Chardalas, M. [University of Thessaloniki (Greece); Chardin, G. [DAPNIA/SPP, CE Saclay (France); Chertok, M.B. [Boston University (United States); Danielsson, M. [KTH Stockholm (Sweden); Cody, A. [University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Dedoussis, S. [University of Thessaloniki (Greece); Dejardin, M. [CERN (Switzerland); Derre, J. [DAPNIA/SPP, CE Saclay (France); Dodgson, M. [University of Liverpool (United Kingdom); Duclos, J. [DAPNIA/SPP, CE Saclay (France); Ealet, A. [CPPM, IN2P3-CNRS et Universite d`Aix-Marseille II (France); Eckart, B. [University of Basle (Switzerland); Eleftheriadis, C. [University of Thessaloniki (Greece); Evangelou, I. [University of Ioannina (??); Faravel, L. [University of Fribourg (Germany)]|[CPPM, IN2P3-CNRS et Universite d`Aix-Marseille II (France); Fassnacht, P. [CPPM, IN2P3-CNRS et Universite d`Aix-Marseille II (France); Faure, J.L. [DAPNIA/SPP, CE Saclay (France); Felder, C. [University of Basle (Switzerland); Ferreira-Marques, R. [LIP and University of Coimbra (Portugal); Fetscher, W. [ETH-ITP Zuerich (Switzerland); Fidecaro, M.

    1995-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The CPLEAR experiment at CERN measures particle-antiparticle asymmetries of strangeness-tagged {ital K}{sup 0}, {ital K}{sup 0} decays to two-pion, three-pion, and semileptonic final states. The technique of CPLEAR is an alternative approach to previous CP-violation studies. It provides complementary information with different systematics and gives access to novel measurements. The precision of the CP-violation parameters {eta}{sub +{minus}} for {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}}, {eta}{sub +{minus}0} for {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup 0} and of the T-violation parameter {epsilon}{sub {ital T}} for {pi}{sup {plus_minus}}{ital e}{sup {minus_plus}}{nu} will be discussed for the data taken between 1990--1992. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

  10. Optical pumping of a He(2{sup 3}{ital S}) metastable atom beam using a diode laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wallace, C.D.; Bixler, D.L.; Monroe, T.J.; Dunning, F.B.; Walters, G.K. [Department of Physics and the Rice Quantum Institute, Rice University, P. O. Box 1892, Houston, Texas 77251 (United States)] [Department of Physics and the Rice Quantum Institute, Rice University, P. O. Box 1892, Houston, Texas 77251 (United States)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Use of a commercial 1.083 {mu}m laser diode to optically pump a collimated He (2{sup 3}{ital S}) metastable atom beam is described. Stable, efficient optical pumping is achieved resulting in polarizations that approach 100%. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

  11. Effective Lagrangians for BCS superconductors at [ital T]=0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aitchison, I.J.R. (TH. Divison, CERN, CH-1211, Geneva, 23 (Switzerland) Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)); Ao, P.; Thouless, D.J.; Zhu, X. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the low-frequency, long-wavelength dynamics of the phase of the pair field for a BCS-type [ital s]-wave superconductor at [ital T]=0 is equivalent to that of a time-dependent nonlinear Schroedinger Lagrangian (TDNLSL), when terms required by Galilean invariance are included. If the modulus of the pair field is also allowed to vary, the system is equivalent to two coupled TDNLSL's.

  12. On the RMS anisotropy at 7{degree} and 10{degree} observed in the {ital COBE}-DMR two year sky maps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banday, A.J.; Gorski, K.M.; Kogut, A.; Hinshaw, G.; Bennett, C. [Code 685, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States); Lineweaver, C.H.; Smoot, G.F.; Tenorio, L. [LBL, SSL & CfPA, Bldg 50-351, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We summarize the recent results on the observed {ital COBE}-DMR two year sky rms temperature fluctuations. A ``cross-RMS`` statistic is used to infer the {ital Q}{sub {ital rms}-{ital PS}} normalization for a scale-invariant ({ital n}=1) spectral model. The method is extended to the normalization of other cosmological power spectra. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

  13. The non-local odd-parity {ital O}({ital e}{sup 2}) effective action of QED{sub 3} at finite temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aitchison, I.J.R. [Physics Department FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle Washington 98195 (United States)] [Physics Department FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle Washington 98195 (United States); [TH Division, CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Zuk, J.A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany); [Department of Physics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, R3T 2N2 (Canada)

    1995-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the odd-parity part of the one-loop gauge field self-energy in QED{sub 3} with massive fermions at finite temperature, with particular emphasis on the non-analyticity at zero momentum of the relevant scalar amplitude {ital F}{sub {beta}}({ital p}), which renders the {ital O}({ital e}{sup 2}) action intrinsically non-local. We analyze {ital F}{sub {beta}}({ital p}) in Minkowski space (real-time formalism) both by dispersion relations and by direct evaluation. {ital F}{sub {beta}}({ital p}) is also studied in Euclidean space (imaginary-time formalism). In particular, we show explicitly how to analytically continue the Feynman-parametrized amplitude to Minkowski space, avoiding spurious singularities. We obtain the limiting behavior of {ital F}{sub {beta}}({ital p}) along the lines {ital p}{sup 0}={ital a}{vert_bar}{bold p}{vert_bar} for {vert_bar}{bold p}{vert_bar}{much_lt}{vert_bar}{ital M}{vert_bar} (where {ital M} is the fermion mass) in both Euclidean and Minkowski space, and we show that the results are fully consistent. Useful approximate closed-form expressions are given for this low-{ital p} behavior, which are shown numerically to be valid for energies and momenta up to the order of the fermion mass scale. The possibility that the action might be approximately local for some appropriate regime of parameters is explored using a simple non-static external gauge field configuration. Copyright {copyright} 1995 Academic Press, Inc.

  14. Conditions for uniform growth of GaAs/sub 1-//sub x-italic/P/sub x-italic/ superlattices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blakeslee, A.E.; Kibbler, A.; Wanlass, M.W.; Biefeld, R.M.

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nonplanar morphology and compositional inhomogeneity are observed in GaAs/sub 1-//sub x-italic/P/sub x-italic/ superlattices when the phosphorus content is substantially different in adjacent sublayers. The main characteristic feature of the distortion is a series of ribbonlike regions running through the superlattice which etch at a faster rate and contain more phosphorus than the surrounding material and are also the source of clusters of dislocations. Morphological stability and a general decrease in dislocation density can be effected by decreasing the interlayer strain, i.e., compositional difference, between the superlattice sublayers.

  15. Momentum distributions for ([sup 11]Li, [sup 9]Li+[ital n]+[ital n]) breakup reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Esbensen, H.; Bertsch, G.F.; Ieki, K. (Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States) Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States) Institute of Nuclear Theory and Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have calculated the momentum distributions of the three fragments emitted in the breakup reaction ([sup 11]Li,[sup 9]Li+[ital n]+[ital n]), induced by the Coulomb field from a heavy target, and made comparisons to recent three-body coincidence measurements. Our three-body model for [sup 11]Li provides a good description of the measured relative momentum distribution for the two emitted neutrons, and also for the single-neutron momentum distribution. The predicted distribution for the [sup 9]Li recoil is much narrower than observed; a plausible explanation is presented.

  16. Lateral Drilling and Completion Technologies for Shallow-Shelf Carbonates of the Red River and Ratcliffe Formations, Williston Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Gibbons; Larry A. Carrell; Richard D. George

    1997-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Luff Exploration Company (LEC) focused on involvement in technologies being developed utilizing horizontal drilling concepts to enhance oil- well productivity starting in 1992. Initial efforts were directed toward high-pressure lateral jetting techniques to be applied in existing vertical wells. After involvement in several failed field attempts with jetting technologies, emphasis shifted to application of emerging technologies for drilling short-radius laterals in existing wellbores and medium-radius technologies in new wells. These lateral drilling technologies were applied in the Mississippi Ratcliffe and Ordovician Red River formations at depths of 2590 to 2890 m (8500 to 9500 ft) in Richland Co., MT; Bowman Co., ND; and Harding Co., SD.

  17. The {ital COBE} Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment Search for the Cosmic Infrared Background. I. Limits and Detections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hauser, M.G. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)] [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Arendt, R.G. [Raytheon STX, Code 685, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [Raytheon STX, Code 685, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Kelsall, T.; Dwek, E. [Code 685, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [Code 685, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Odegard, N.; Weiland, J.L.; Freudenreich, H.T. [Raytheon STX, Code 685, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [Raytheon STX, Code 685, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Reach, W.T. [California Institute of Technology, IPAC/JPL, MS 100-22, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)] [California Institute of Technology, IPAC/JPL, MS 100-22, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Silverberg, R.F.; Moseley, S.H. [Code 685, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [Code 685, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Pei, Y.C. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)] [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Lubin, P. [Physics Department, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States)] [Physics Department, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Mather, J.C.; Shafer, R.A. [Code 685, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [Code 685, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Smoot, G.F. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Space Sciences Laboratory, Department of Physics, UC Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Space Sciences Laboratory, Department of Physics, UC Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Weiss, R. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Room 20F-001, Department of Physics, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)] [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Room 20F-001, Department of Physics, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Wilkinson, D.T. [Princeton University, Department of Physics, Jadwin Hall, Box 708, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)] [Princeton University, Department of Physics, Jadwin Hall, Box 708, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Wright, E.L. [UCLA, Astronomy Department, Los Angeles, CA 90024-1562 (United States)] [UCLA, Astronomy Department, Los Angeles, CA 90024-1562 (United States)

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) on the Cosmic Background Explorer ({ital COBE}) spacecraft was designed primarily to conduct a systematic search for an isotropic cosmic infrared background (CIB) in 10 photometric bands from 1.25 to 240 {mu}m. The results of that search are presented here. Conservative limits on the CIB are obtained from the minimum observed brightness in all-sky maps at each wavelength, with the faintest limits in the DIRBE spectral range being at 3.5 {mu}m ({nu}{ital I}{sub {nu}} {lt} 64 nW m{sup {minus}2} sr{sup {minus}1}, 95{percent} confidence level) and at 240 {mu}m ({nu}{ital I}{sub {nu}} {lt} 28 nW m{sup {minus}2} sr{sup {minus}1}, 95{percent} confidence level). The bright foregrounds from interplanetary dust scattering and emission, stars, and interstellar dust emission are the principal impediments to the DIRBE measurements of the CIB. These foregrounds have been modeled and removed from the sky maps. Assessment of the random and systematic uncertainties in the residuals and tests for isotropy show that only the 140 and 240 {mu}m data provide candidate detections of the CIB. The residuals and their uncertainties provide CIB upper limits more restrictive than the dark sky limits at wavelengths from 1.25 to 100 {mu}m. No plausible solar system or Galactic source of the observed 140 and 240 {mu}m residuals can be identified, leading to the conclusion that the CIB has been detected at levels of {nu}{ital I}{sub {nu}} = 25 {plus_minus} 7 and 14 {plus_minus} 3 nW m{sup {minus}2} sr{sup {minus}1} at 140 and 240 {mu}m, respectively. The integrated energy from 140 to 240 {mu}m, 10.3 nW m{sup {minus}2} sr{sup {minus}1}, is about twice the integrated optical light from the galaxies in the Hubble Deep Field, suggesting that star formation might have been heavily enshrouded by dust at high redshift. The detections and upper limits reported here provide new constraints on models of the history of energy-releasing processes and dust production since the decoupling of the cosmic microwave background from matter. {copyright} {ital {copyright} 1998.} {ital The American Astronomical Society}

  18. Reservoir characterization of the Ordovician Red River Formation in southwest Williston Basin Bowman County, ND and Harding County, SD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sippel, M.A.; Luff, K.D.; Hendricks, M.L.; Eby, D.E.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This topical report is a compilation of characterizations by different disciplines of the Red River Formation in the southwest portion of the Williston Basin and the oil reservoirs which it contains in an area which straddles the state line between North Dakota and South Dakota. Goals of the report are to increase understanding of the reservoir rocks, oil-in-place, heterogeneity, and methods for improved recovery. The report is divided by discipline into five major sections: (1) geology, (2) petrography-petrophysical, (3) engineering, (4) case studies and (5) geophysical. Interwoven in these sections are results from demonstration wells which were drilled or selected for special testing to evaluate important concepts for field development and enhanced recovery. The Red River study area has been successfully explored with two-dimensional (2D) seismic. Improved reservoir characterization utilizing 3-dimensional (3D) and has been investigated for identification of structural and stratigraphic reservoir compartments. These seismic characterization tools are integrated with geological and engineering studies. Targeted drilling from predictions using 3D seismic for porosity development were successful in developing significant reserves at close distances to old wells. Short-lateral and horizontal drilling technologies were tested for improved completion efficiency. Lateral completions should improve economics for both primary and secondary recovery where low permeability is a problem and higher density drilling is limited by drilling cost. Low water injectivity and widely spaced wells have restricted the application of waterflooding in the past. Water injection tests were performed in both a vertical and a horizontal well. Data from these tests were used to predict long-term injection and oil recovery.

  19. A Study of External Galaxies Detected by the {ital COBE} Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Odenwald, S. [Raytheon STX, Code 630.0, Goddard SFC, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [Raytheon STX, Code 630.0, Goddard SFC, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Newmark, J. [Applied Research Corporation, Landover, MD 20785 (United States)] [Applied Research Corporation, Landover, MD 20785 (United States); Smoot, G. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comparison of the {ital COBE} Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) all-sky survey with the locations of known galaxies in the {ital IRAS} Catalog of Extragalactic Objects and the Center for Astrophysics Catalog of Galaxies led to the detection of as many as 57 galaxies. In this paper, we present the photometric data for these galaxies and an analysis of the seven galaxies that were detected at {lambda} {gt} 100 {mu}m. Estimates of the ratio of the mass of the cold dust (CD) component detected at {ital T}{sub {ital d}} = 20{endash}30 K to a very cold dust (VCD) component with {ital T}{sub {ital d}} {approx} 10{endash}15 K suggest that between 2{percent}{endash}100{percent} of the cirrus-like CD mass can also exist in many of these galaxies as VCD. In one galaxy, M33, the DIRBE photometry at 240 {mu}m suggests as much as 26 times as much VCD may be present as compared to the cirrus-like component. Further submillimeter measurements of this galaxy are required to verify such a large population of VCD. We also present 10 galaxies that were detected in the sky region not previously surveyed by {ital IRAS} and that can be used to construct a flux-limited all-sky catalog of galaxies brighter than 1000 Jy with a modest completeness limit of about 65{percent}. {copyright} {ital {copyright} 1998.} {ital The American Astronomical Society}

  20. Pressure contact probe for resistivity measurements in the temperature range 77 K/lt//ital T//lt/200 K

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tritt, T. M.; Ehrlich, A. C.; Davis, H. S.

    1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have designed and built a sample probe that is particularly well suited for measuring the resistivity and superconducting transition temperature /ital T//sub /ital c// of bulk high-/ital T//sub /ital c// materials of nonuniform shape, in the temperature range 77 K/lt//ital T//lt/200 K. The probe uses spring-loaded indium pressure contacts and allows electrical contact to be made without altering or contaminating the sample. The probe is relatively efficient because of its short turn-around time in mounting of samples and cylcing of temperature. The resistivity and /ital T//sub /ital c// of a bulk Y/sub 1/Ba/sub 2/Cu/sub 3/minus///sub /ital x//Ag/sub /ital x//O/sub 7/ sample was measured and the results compared with those from a more elaborate sample probe and Dewar system.

  1. Quark model description of the {ital N}-{ital N} system: Momentum distributions, structure functions, and the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koepf, W. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv (Israel)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv (Israel); Wilets, L. [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We employ a relativistic quark bag picture, the chromodielectric soliton model, to discuss the quarks` symmetry structure and momentum distribution in the {ital N}-{ital N} system. Six-quark clusters are constructed in a constrained mean-field calculation. The corresponding Hamiltonian contains not only an effective interaction between the quarks and a scalar field, which is assumed to parametrize all nonperturbative effects due to the nonlinearity of QCD, but also quark-quark interactions mediated through one-gluon exchange. We also evaluate the quark light-cone distribution functions, characterizing inclusive deep-inelastic lepton scattering, for the nucleon as well as for the six-quark structures. We find a competition between a softening of the quarks` momenta through the increase of the confinement volume, and a hardening via the admixture of higher symmetry configurations due to the color-electrostatic one-gluon exchange. These findings suggest an unexpected absence of many-nucleon, multiquark effects, even though six-quark structures should represent a nonnegligible part of the nuclear ground state.

  2. Relationship of the superoxide dismutase genes, sodA and sodB, to the iron uptake (/ital fur/) regulon in /ital Escherichia coli/ K-12

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niederhoffer, E.C.; Naranjo, C.M.; Fee, J.A.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Expression of sodA, as indicated by MnSod activity is normal in /ital fur/ mutants. This suggests that sodA is not a member of the /ital fur/ regulon and that the putative Fe-binding, regulatory protein of sodA, suggested by Moody and Hassan is not the Fur protein. by contrast, expression of sodB, as indicated by FeSod activity, is completely blocked in /ital fur/ mutants and the effect is restored by transformation with a plasmid having a normal /ital fur/ locus. The observations suggest that Fur, either directly or indirectly, controls SodB biosynthesis. Additional observations are described which indicate that SodB and Fur act together in a complicated fashion to control the biosynthesis of enterobactin. 26 refs., 3 tabs.

  3. {ital S}-matrix analysis of heavy-ion elastic scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiste, V.; Lichtenthaeler, R.; Villari, A.C.; Gomes, L.C. [Departamento de Fisica Nuclear, Laboratorio do Pelletron, Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05389-970 - Sao Paulo, SP, (Brasil)

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A procedure to minimize {chi}{sup 2} is described which explores the fact that the {chi}{sup 2} distribution is of the fourth degree in the {ital S}-matrix elements. The fact that all three roots of the scale parameter for the minimum of {chi}{sup 2} in its gradient direction are algebraically determined gives the present procedure some global features that previous methods did not contemplate. The automatic search procedure also preserves the unitary bound constraint of the {ital S}-matrix at every step. When the search in the gradient direction slows down, the procedure reverts to the traditional quadratic approximation with zero-order regularization. The method is applied to the elastic scattering of the {sup 12}C+{sup 16}O reaction near the Coulomb barrier. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  4. Spin and charge dynamics of the two-dimensional {ital t}-{ital J} model at intermediate electron densities: Absence of spin-charge separation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eder, R.; Ohta, Y. [Department of Applied Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-01 (Japan)] [Department of Applied Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-01 (Japan)

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an exact diagonalization study of the dynamical spin and density correlation functions in small clusters of the {ital t}-{ital J} model, focusing on the regime of intermediate and low electron densities, {rho}{sub {ital e}}{lt}0.5. In two dimensions (2D) both correlation functions agree remarkably well with the convolution of the single-particle spectral function, i.e., the simplest estimate possible within a Fermi-liquid picture. Deviations from the convolution are shown to originate from symmetry-related selection rules, which are unaccounted for in the convolution estimate. For all fillngs under consideration, we show that the low-energy peaks originate from particle-hole excitations between the Fermi momenta, as expected for a Fermi liquid. We contrast this with the behavior in 1D, where spin and density correlation function show the differences characteristic of spin-charge separation and where neither correlation function is approximated well by the convolution.

  5. Red or blue? A potential kilonova imprint of the delay until black hole formation following a neutron star merger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brian D. Metzger; Rodrigo Fernández

    2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Mergers of binary neutron stars (NSs) usually result in the formation of a hypermassive neutron star (HMNS). Whether- and when this remnant collapses to a black hole (BH) depends primarily on the equation of state and on angular momentum transport processes, both of which are uncertain. Here we show that the lifetime of the merger remnant may be directly imprinted in the radioactively powered kilonova emission following the merger. We employ axisymmetric, time-dependent hydrodynamic simulations of remnant accretion disks orbiting a HMNS of variable lifetime, and characterize the effect of this delay to BH formation on the disk wind ejecta. When BH formation is relatively prompt (~ 100 ms), outflows from the disk are sufficiently neutron rich to form heavy r-process elements, resulting in ~ week-long emission with a spectral peak in the near-infrared (NIR), similar to that produced by the dynamical ejecta. In contrast, delayed BH formation allows neutrinos from the HMNS to raise the electron fraction in the polar direction to values such that potentially Lanthanide-free outflows are generated. The lower opacity would produce a brighter, bluer, and shorter-lived ~ day-long emission (a `blue bump') prior to the late NIR peak from the dynamical ejecta and equatorial wind. This new diagnostic of BH formation should be useful for events with a signal to noise lower than that required for direct detection of gravitational waveform signatures.

  6. THE ASYMPTOTIC GIANT BRANCH AND THE TIP OF THE RED GIANT BRANCH AS PROBES OF STAR FORMATION HISTORY: THE NEARBY DWARF IRREGULAR GALAXY KKH 98

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melbourne, J. [Caltech Optical Observatories, Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, Mail Stop 301-17, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Williams, B.; Dalcanton, J. [Department of Astronomy, Box 351580, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Ammons, S. M.; Max, C.; Koo, D. C. [University of California Observatories/Lick Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California at Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Girardi, Leo [Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova-INAF, Padova (Italy); Dolphin, A., E-mail: jmel@caltech.ed, E-mail: ben@astro.washington.ed, E-mail: jd@astro.washington.ed, E-mail: ammons@ucolick.or, E-mail: max@ucolick.or, E-mail: koo@ucolick.or, E-mail: leo.girardi@oapd.inaf.i, E-mail: adolphin@raytheon.co [Raytheon, 1151 E. Hermans Road, Tucson, AZ 85706 (United States)

    2010-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the utility of the asymptotic giant branch (AGB) and the red giant branch (RGB) as probes of the star formation history (SFH) of the nearby (D = 2.5 Mpc) dwarf irregular galaxy, KKH 98. Near-infrared (near-IR) Keck Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics (AO) images resolve 592 IR-bright stars reaching over 1 mag below the tip of the RGB. Significantly deeper optical (F475W and F814W) Hubble Space Telescope images of the same field contain over 2500 stars, reaching to the red clump and the main-sequence turnoff for 0.5 Gyr old populations. Compared to the optical color-magnitude diagram (CMD), the near-IR CMD shows significantly tighter AGB sequences, providing a good probe of the intermediate-age (0.5-5 Gyr) populations. We match observed CMDs with stellar evolution models to recover the SFH of KKH 98. On average, the galaxy has experienced relatively constant low-level star formation (5 x 10{sup -4} M{sub sun} yr{sup -1}) for much of cosmic time. Except for the youngest main-sequence populations (age <0.1 Gyr), which are typically fainter than the AO data flux limit, the SFH estimated from the 592 IR-bright stars is a reasonable match to that derived from the much larger optical data set. Differences between the optical- and IR-derived SFHs for 0.1-1 Gyr populations suggest that current stellar evolution models may be overproducing the AGB by as much as a factor of 3 in this galaxy. At the depth of the AO data, the IR-luminous stars are not crowded. Therefore, these techniques can potentially be used to determine the stellar populations of galaxies at significantly further distances.

  7. Red or blue? A potential kilonova imprint of the delay until black hole formation following a neutron star merger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metzger, Brian D

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mergers of binary neutron stars (NSs) usually result in the formation of a hypermassive neutron star (HMNS). Whether- and when this remnant collapses to a black hole (BH) depends primarily on the equation of state and on angular momentum transport processes, both of which are uncertain. Here we show that the lifetime of the merger remnant may be directly imprinted in the radioactively powered kilonova emission following the merger. We employ axisymmetric, time-dependent hydrodynamic simulations of remnant accretion disks orbiting a HMNS of variable lifetime, and characterize the effect of this delay to BH formation on the disk wind ejecta. Our models follow the system evolution over several seconds, and include the effect of nuclear recombination, viscous heating, and neutrino irradiation by both the HMNS and the disk. When BH formation is relatively prompt ( 140, resulting in ~week-long emission with a spectral peak in the near-infrared (NIR), similar to that produced by the dynamical ejecta. In contrast, de...

  8. Overrelaxation phenomena during the formation of reversed-field pinch plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mazur, S.; Nordlund, P. [Division of Fusion Plasma Physics (Association EURATOM-NFR), Alfven Laboratory, Royal Institute of Technology, S-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden)] [Division of Fusion Plasma Physics (Association EURATOM-NFR), Alfven Laboratory, Royal Institute of Technology, S-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments on the Extrap T1 reversed-field pinch (RFP) [Phys. Scr. {bold 49}, 224 (1994)] have shown that the formation of the RFP configuration is quite sensitive to the relative programming of the toroidal field and Ohmic heating circuits. In this paper, new measurements of the evolution of the current density profile and of the spectral structure of the fluctuations during the setup phase of RFP plasmas in the T1 experiment are presented. These measurements improve the understanding of the role of different spectral components in the dynamics of RFP formation. Under unfavorable (slow) setup conditions, comparatively high energy is accumulated in {ital m}=1 internal kinks prior to reversal of the edge toroidal field. At reversal, nonlinearly driven {ital m}=0 modes trigger a rapid broadening of the {ital m}=1 spectrum. This behavior is associated with a violent suppression of the current density in the core, leading to an overrelaxation of the discharge involving a hollowing of the parallel current density profile. The setup conditions are found to affect the volt-second consumption and plasma/wall interaction during RFP formation, as well as the flat-top discharge performance. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

  9. Use of a diode laser to measure the polarization of an optically pumped ensemble of He(2{sup 3}{ital S}) atoms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wallace, C.D.; Bixler, D.L.; Huang, D.; Wagman, A.H.; Dunning, F.B.; Walters, G.K. [Department of Physics and the Rice Quantum Institute, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005-1892 (United States)] [Department of Physics and the Rice Quantum Institute, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005-1892 (United States)

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple technique is described for determining the polarization of He(2{sup 3}{ital S}) atoms contained in an active discharge or afterglow. The polarization (and alignment) is obtained by measuring the attenuation of a circularly polarized probe beam provided by a 1.083 {mu}m laser diode whose output frequency is scanned to allow separate measurements on the 2{sup 3}{ital S}{sub 1}{r_arrow}2{sup 3}{ital P}{sub 0}, 2{sup 3}{ital S}{sub 1}{r_arrow}2{sup 3}{ital P}{sub 1}, and 2{sup 3}{ital S}{sub 1}{r_arrow}2{sup 3}{ital P}{sub 2} transitions. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  10. Constraints on [ital T]-odd and [ital P]-even hadronic interactions from nucleon, nuclear, and atomic electric dipole moments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haxton, W.C.; Hoeing, A. (Institute for Nuclear Theory, NK-12 and Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)); Musolf, M.J. (Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility Theory Group, MS 12H, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States) Department of Physics, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virigina 23529 (United States))

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We deduce constraints on time-reversal-noninvariant (TRNI), parity-conserving (PC) hadronic interactions from nucleon, nuclear, and atomic electric dipole moment (EDM) limits. Such interactions generate EDM's through weak radiative corrections. We consider long-range mechanisms, i.e., those mediated by meson exchanges in contrast with short-range two-loop mechanisms. We find that the ratio of typical TRNI, PC nuclear matrix elements to those of the strong interaction are [approx lt]10[sup [minus]5], a limit about 2 orders of magntiude more stringent than those from direct detailed balance studies of such interactions. This corresponds to a bound of [vert bar][ital [bar g

  11. Terahertz transmission of a Ba{sub 1{minus}{ital x}}K{sub {ital x}}BiO{sub 3} film probed by coherent time-domain spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, F.; Whitaker, J.F.; Liu, Y.; Uher, C. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Platt, C.E.; Klein, M.V. [Science and Technology Center for Superconductivity, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)] [Science and Technology Center for Superconductivity, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The complex transmission coefficient for millimeter and submillimeter waves incident on a Ba{sub 0.6}K{sub 0.4}BiO{sub 3} thin film (82 nm) has been measured over a frequency range of 200--1200 GHz at temperatures above and below {ital T}{sub {ital c}} using coherent time-domain spectroscopy. We observe a dramatic change in both the magnitude and phase of the terahertz transmission in the superconducting state caused by a rapid carrier condensation. Both the real ({sigma}{sub 1}) and imaginary ({sigma}{sub 2}) parts of the complex conductivity are determined directly from the amplitude and phase of the transmitted electric field without the need for a Kramers-Kroenig analysis. By fitting {sigma}{sub 2} in the framework of BCS theory, a superconducting gap 2{Delta}(0)=6.9 meV=3.8{ital k}{sub {ital B}}{ital T}{sub {ital c}} is obtained. Below {ital T}{sub {ital c}}, the {sigma}{sub 1} is rapidly enhanced for {omega}/2{pi}{lt}500 GHz, which is attributed to the BCS coherence effects. However, the conductivity exhibits monotonic temperature dependence and no clear {sigma}{sub 1}({ital T}) peak is observed throughout the frequency range measured. The high-frequency penetration depth ({similar_to}600 nm) is also extracted and discussed. Our results are consistent with a picture of BCS moderate coupling superconductivity in an intermediate to dirty limit.

  12. Benchmark single-differential ionization cross section results for the {ital s}-wave model of electron-hydrogen scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baertschy, M. [Department of Applied Science, University of California--Davis, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Department of Applied Science, University of California--Davis, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Rescigno, T.N. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Isaacs, W.A.; McCurdy, C.W. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exterior complex scaling enables one to compute the outgoing wave portion of the wave function for three charged particles without explicitly imposing the asymptotic boundary condition for three-body breakup. This technique is used in connection with a high-order finite difference scheme to provide numerically accurate single-differential ionization cross sections for the Temkin-Poet ({ital s}-wave) model of e-H scattering. These benchmark values are compared with results obtained from several recent close-coupling approaches that employ pseudostates to discretize the ionization continuum, but use a strictly two-body scattering formalism. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

  13. THE EVOLUTION OF DUSTY STAR FORMATION IN GALAXY CLUSTERS TO z = 1: SPITZER INFRARED OBSERVATIONS OF THE FIRST RED-SEQUENCE CLUSTER SURVEY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webb, T. M. A.; O'Donnell, D.; Coppin, Kristen; Faloon, Ashley; Geach, James E.; Noble, Allison [McGill University, 3600 rue University, Montreal, QC, H3A 2T8 (Canada); Yee, H. K. C. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George St., Toronto, ON, M5S 3H4 (Canada); Gilbank, David [South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 9, Observatory, 7935 (South Africa); Ellingson, Erica [Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Gladders, Mike [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Muzzin, Adam [Leiden Observatory, University of Leiden, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA, Leiden (Netherlands); Wilson, Gillian [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California at Riverside, 900 University Avenue, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States); Yan, Renbin [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003 (United States)

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results of an infrared (IR) study of high-redshift galaxy clusters with the MIPS camera on board the Spitzer Space Telescope. We have assembled a sample of 42 clusters from the Red-Sequence Cluster Survey-1 over the redshift range 0.3 < z < 1.0 and spanning an approximate range in mass of 10{sup 14-15} M {sub ?}. We statistically measure the number of IR-luminous galaxies in clusters above a fixed inferred IR luminosity of 2 × 10{sup 11} M {sub ?}, assuming a star forming galaxy template, per unit cluster mass and find it increases to higher redshift. Fitting a simple power-law we measure evolution of (1 + z){sup 5.1±1.9} over the range 0.3 < z < 1.0. These results are tied to the adoption of a single star forming galaxy template; the presence of active galactic nuclei, and an evolution in their relative contribution to the mid-IR galaxy emission, will alter the overall number counts per cluster and their rate of evolution. Under the star formation assumption we infer the approximate total star formation rate per unit cluster mass (?SFR/M {sub cluster}). The evolution is similar, with ?SFR/M {sub cluster} ? (1 + z){sup 5.4±1.9}. We show that this can be accounted for by the evolution of the IR-bright field population over the same redshift range; that is, the evolution can be attributed entirely to the change in the in-falling field galaxy population. We show that the ?SFR/M {sub cluster} (binned over all redshift) decreases with increasing cluster mass with a slope (?SFR/M{sub cluster}?M{sub cluster}{sup -1.5±0.4}) consistent with the dependence of the stellar-to-total mass per unit cluster mass seen locally. The inferred star formation seen here could produce ?5%-10% of the total stellar mass in massive clusters at z = 0, but we cannot constrain the descendant population, nor how rapidly the star-formation must shut-down once the galaxies have entered the cluster environment. Finally, we show a clear decrease in the number of IR-bright galaxies per unit optical galaxy in the cluster cores, confirming star formation continues to avoid the highest density regions of the universe at z ? 0.75 (the average redshift of the high-redshift clusters). While several previous studies appear to show enhanced star formation in high-redshift clusters relative to the field we note that these papers have not accounted for the overall increase in galaxy or dark matter density at the location of clusters. Once this is done, clusters at z ? 0.75 have the same or less star formation per unit mass or galaxy as the field.

  14. Lateral drilling and completion technologies for shallow-shelf carbonates of the Red River and Ratcliffe Formations, Williston Basin. Topical report, July 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrell, L.A.; George, R.D.; Gibbons, D.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Luff Exploration Company (LEC) focused on involvement in technologies being developed utilizing horizontal drilling concepts to enhance oil-well productivity starting in 1992. Initial efforts were directed toward high-pressure lateral jetting techniques to be applied in existing vertical wells. After involvement in several failed field attempts with jetting technologies, emphasis shifted to application of emerging technologies for drilling short-radius lateral in existing wellbores and medium-radius technologies in new wells. These lateral drilling technologies were applied in the Mississippi Ratcliffe and Ordovician Red River formations at depths of 2,590 to 2,890 m in Richland County, MT; Bowman County, ND; and Harding County, SD. In theory, all of the horizontal drilling techniques explored in this project have merit for application fitting specific criteria. From a realistic point of view, the only relatively trouble-free, adequately-proven technology employed was the medium-radius steered motor/MWD technology. The slim-tool steered motor/MWD re-entry technology has been used extensively but appears to still be significantly in developmental stages. This technology will probably always be more troublesome than the technology used to drill new wells because the smaller diameter required for the tools contributes to both design and operational complexities. Although limited mechanical success has been achieved with some of the lateral jetting technologies and the Amoco tools, their predictability and reliability is unproven. Additionally, they appear to be limited to shallow depths and certain rock types. The Amoco technology probably has the most potential to be successfully developed for routinely reliable, field applications. A comparison of the various horizontal drilling technologies investigated is presented.

  15. Construction of an SO(10){times}U(1){sub {ital F}} model of the Yukawa interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, C.H. [Department of Physics, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois 60115 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois 60115 (United States); [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States); Nandi, S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a supersymmetric SO(10){times}U(1){sub {ital F}} model of the Yukawa interactions at the grand unification scale from knowledge of a phenomenological set of mass matrices obtained by a previous bottom-up approach. The U(1){sub {ital F}} family symmetry determines the textures for the Majorana and generic Dirac mass matrices, while the SO(10) symmetry relates each particular element of the up, down, neutrino, and charged lepton Dirac matrices. The dominant second and third family contributions in the Dirac sector are renormalizable, while the remaining contributions to the Dirac mass matrices are of higher order, restricted by the U(1){sub {ital F}} family symmetry to a small set of tree diagrams, and mainly complex symmetric. The tree diagrams for the Majorana mass matrix are all nonrenormalizable and of progressively higher order, leading to a nearly geometrical structure. Pairs of {bold 1}, {bold 45}, {bold 10}, and {bold 126} Higgs representations enter with those having large vacuum expectation values breaking the symmetry down to SU(3){sub {ital c}}{times}SU(2){sub {ital L}}{times}U(1){sub {ital Y}} near the grand unification scale. In terms of 12 parameters expressed as the Yukawa couplings times vacuum expectation values for the Higgs representations employed, a realistic set of 15 quark and lepton masses (including those for the three heavy right-handed Majorana neutrinos) and eight mixing parameters emerges for the neutrino scenario involving the nonadiabatic conversion of solar neutrinos and the depletion of atmospheric muon neutrinos through oscillations into {tau} neutrinos. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  16. Red Sky with Red Mesa

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The Red Sky/Red Mesa supercomputing platform dramatically reduces the time required to simulate complex fuel models, from 4-6 months to just 4 weeks, allowing researchers to accelerate the pace at which they can address these complex problems. Its speed also reduces the need for laboratory and field testing, allowing for energy reduction far beyond data center walls.

  17. Diagenesis of sandstones from the Douglas Creek member of the Green River Formation (Eocene) at Red Wash field, Uintay County, Utah

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Earl Scott

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , sandstone and some limestone and dolomite beds. The Garden Creek Member at Red Wash Field is about 550 ft (168 m) thick. The Parachute Creek Member, overlying the Garden Creek, is largely oil shale, gray shale, and limestone and dolomite beds...

  18. {sup 6}Li({pi}{sup +}, {ital pp}){sup 4}He{sub g.s.} reaction at 100 and 165 MeV incident pion energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Papandreou, Z.; Huber, G.; Lolos, G.; Cormier, J.; Mathie, E.; Naqvi, S. [Department of Physics, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, S4S 0A2 (Canada)] [Department of Physics, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, S4S 0A2 (Canada); Ottewell, D.; Tacik, R.; Walden, P. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A3 (Canada)] [TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A3 (Canada); Jones, G.; Trelle, R. [Department of Physics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A6 (Canada)] [Department of Physics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A6 (Canada); Aslanoglou, X. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States); Humphrey, D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Differential and total cross sections for {pi}{sup +} absorption on {sup 6}Li leading to the {ital pp}+{sup 4}He{sub g.s} final state are presented at incident pion energies of 100 and 165 MeV. The narrow width of the {ital pp} angular correlation is observed and reported.

  19. Platinum enhanced textured growth of grain-aligned YBa[sub 2]Cu[sub 3]O[sub 7[minus][ital x

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wegmann, M.R.; Lewis, J.A. (Science and Technology Center for Superconductivity, and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)); Platt, C.E. (Science and Technology Center for Superconductivity, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States))

    1994-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of magnetic alignment, heat treatment, and substrate interactions on the microstructural development and properties of YBa[sub 2]Cu[sub 3]O[sub 7[minus][ital x

  20. Red River Compact (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Red River Compact Commission administers the Red River Compact to ensure that Texas receives its equitable share of quality water from the Red River and its tributaries as apportioned by the...

  1. {ital Ab-initio} calculation of excited state absorption of Cr{sup 4+} in Y{sub 3}Al{sub 5}O{sub 12}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ching, W.Y.; Xu, Y. [Department of Physics, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri 64110 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri 64110 (United States); Brickeen, B.K. [Allied Signal FM T, Kansas City, Missouri 64141 (United States)] [Allied Signal FM T, Kansas City, Missouri 64141 (United States)

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cr{sup 3+} and Cr{sup 4+} impurity states in Y{sub 3}Al{sub 5}O{sub 12} (YAG) crystal are studied by {ital ab-initio} supercell calculations using the density-functional theory. Calculations are carried out with Cr substitutions at the octahedral and tetrahedral Al sites including the effect of Ca co-doping. Optical transitions between various levels and to conduction band states are also calculated. A model for excited state absorption for Cr{sup 4+} in YAG is proposed. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

  2. Buoyancy-driven circulation in the Red Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhai, Ping, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the buoyancy-driven circulation in the Red Sea, using a combination of observations, as well as numerical modeling and analytical method. The first part of the thesis investigates the formation mechanism ...

  3. Radiative decays of the 16.6 and 16.9 MeV states in {sup 8}Be and tests of the conservation of the vector current in the {ital A}=8 multiplet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Braeckeleer, L.; Adelberger, E.G.; Gundlach, J.H.; Kaplan, M.; Markoff, D.; Nathan, A.M.; Schieff, W.; Snover, K.A.; Storm, D.W.; Swartz, K.B.; Wright, D. [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Brown, B.A. [Department of Physics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48823 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48823 (United States)

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We measured the {sup 4}He({alpha},{gamma}) cross section at {theta}{sub {gamma}}=90{degree} across the 16.6 and 16.9 MeV resonances in {sup 8}Be and obtained angular distributions on the peaks of both resonances. The decays of the 16 MeV doublet to the 3.0 MeV 2{sup +} final state have an (isovector {ital E}2)/(isovector {ital M}1) mixing ratio of (0.01{plus_minus}0.03), an (isoscalar {ital E}2)/(isovector {ital M}1) mixing ratio of (0.21{plus_minus}0.04), and an isovector {ital M}1 width of (2.80{plus_minus}0.18) eV. Our result for the isovector {ital E}2 strength disagrees markedly with previous work. We observe ground-state {ital E}2 decays of both members of the doublet. We use our results, plus existing {sup 8}Li and {sup 8}B {beta}-decay data, to test the conservation of the vector current and to constrain the second-class induced-tensor form factor. Finally, we compare our results to shell-model calculations.

  4. Compositional dependence of the luminescence of In{sub 0.49}(Al{sub {ital y}}Ga{sub 1{minus}{ital y}}){sub 0.51}P alloys near the direct{endash}indirect band-gap crossover

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, J.S.; Jones, E.D. [Semiconductor Materials and Device Sciences Department, 1113, MS-0601, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)] [Semiconductor Materials and Device Sciences Department, 1113, MS-0601, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Myers, S.M.; Follstaedt, D.M. [Semiconductor Nanostructure Physics Department, 1112, MS-1414, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)] [Semiconductor Nanostructure Physics Department, 1112, MS-1414, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Hjalmarson, H.P. [Compound Semiconductor Technology Department, 1322, MS-0603, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)] [Compound Semiconductor Technology Department, 1322, MS-0603, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Schirber, J.E. [Solid State Sciences Department, 1100, MS-1437, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)] [Solid State Sciences Department, 1100, MS-1437, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Schneider, R.P. [Semiconductor Materials Department, 1311, MS-0603, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)] [Semiconductor Materials Department, 1311, MS-0603, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Fouquet, J.E.; Robbins, V.M.; Carey, K.W. [Hewlett Packard Laboratories, 3500 Deer Creek Road, Palo Alto, California 94303 (United States)] [Hewlett Packard Laboratories, 3500 Deer Creek Road, Palo Alto, California 94303 (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A number of complementary experimental characterization tools and theoretical band structure methods were used to determine unambiguously the band-edge luminescence as a function of Al concentration, and to place an upper limit on the short-wavelength emission of InAlGaP alloys lattice matched to GaAs. In particular, the direct-to-indirect band-gap crossing has been determined by analyzing a series of metalorganic vapor-phase-epitaxy-grown In{sub 0.49}(Al{sub {ital y}}Ga{sub 1{minus}{ital y}}){sub 0.51}P alloys lattice matched to GaAs with double-crystal x-ray analysis, Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy, pressure- and temperature-dependent photoluminescence, and transmission electron microscopy. The experimental measurements are compared to first-principles plane-wave pseudopotential band structure calculations for the ternary end points, InGaP and InAlP. The maximum room temperature direct band gap is found to be 2.24 eV, corresponding to an Al composition of {ital y}=0.52{plus_minus}0.02, in good agreement with the theoretical prediction of 0.58{plus_minus}0.05. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  5. Red Harvester Ants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drees, Bastiaan M.

    2006-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Red harvester ants are one of the more noticeable and larger ants in open areas in Texas. However, their populations are declining and this has affected an animal that preys upon the ants--the threatened Texas horned lizard....

  6. Red Raider Orientation COLLEGE DISMISSAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Communications, etc.) #12;#12;RED RAIDER ORIENTATION Business Administration Accounting Energy Commerce Finance General Business International Business Management Management Information Systems Marketing Visual &Performing Arts Art Dance VPA General Studies Music Theatre Arts #12;RED RAIDER ORIENTATION

  7. Red Rice Research and Control. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, John B.; Baldwin, Ford L.; Bourgeois, W.J.; Cox, Clodis H.; Craigmiles, Julian P.; Dishman, William D.; Eastin, E. Ford; Helpert, Charles W.; Hill, Lewis C.; Huey, Bobby A.; Klosterboer, Arlen D.; Sonnier, Earl A.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ...................................... 10 E. A. Sonnier RED RICE CONTROL IN ALTERNATE CROPS ................................ 16 F. L. Baldwin ..# RED RICE CONTROL ..................................................lg B. A. Huey and F. L. Baldwin RED RICE HERBICIDE SCREENING TESTS...-to-date information available on a subject of major concern to rice producers. E. F. Eastin, editor The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Beaumont INTRODUCTION J. P. Craigmiles The purpose of t h i s red r i c e symposium i s straightforward and simple...

  8. Heating and jet formation by colliding shocks in solar atmosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarbell, T.; Ryutova, M.P.; Covington, J. [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States); Ryutova, M.P. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory/IGPP, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Fludra, A. [Space Science Department, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (United States)

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that ubiquitous small-scale magnetic flux {open_quotes}tubes{close_quotes} constantly emerging from subsurface layers, may cause the formation of plasma jets and a sporadic excess of temperature near the solar surface. Photospheric network magnetic elements collide and reconnect, creating a sling-shot effect which generates complex 3D shock waves with the curved surface. Self-focusing of these shocks occurs as they propagate upward in the rarefied atmosphere. Depending on the geometry of the shock collision, highly concentrated energy may be either converted entirely into heat or into strong jets, or be distributed between the two. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

  9. OBSERVATIONAL CONSTRAINTS ON RED AND BLUE HELIUM BURNING SEQUENCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McQuinn, Kristen B. W.; Skillman, Evan D. [Department of Astronomy, School of Physics and Astronomy, 116 Church Street, S.E., University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Dalcanton, Julianne J.; Weisz, Daniel R.; Williams, Benjamin F. [Department of Astronomy, Box 351580, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Dolphin, Andrew E. [Raytheon Company, 1151 E. Hermans Road, Tucson, AZ 85706 (United States); Holtzman, Jon, E-mail: kmcquinn@astro.umn.edu [Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University, Box 30001-Department 4500, 1320 Frenger Street, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States)

    2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive the optical luminosity, colors, and ratios of the blue and red helium burning (HeB) stellar populations from archival Hubble Space Telescope observations of nineteen starburst dwarf galaxies and compare them with theoretical isochrones from Padova stellar evolution models across metallicities from Z = 0.001 to 0.009. We find that the observational data and the theoretical isochrones for both blue and red HeB populations overlap in optical luminosities and colors and the observed and predicted blue to red HeB ratios agree for stars older than 50 Myr over the time bins studied. These findings confirm the usefulness of applying isochrones to interpret observations of HeB populations. However, there are significant differences, especially for the red HeB population. Specifically, we find (1) offsets in color between the observations and theoretical isochrones of order 0.15 mag (0.5 mag) for the blue (red) HeB populations brighter than M{sub V} {approx} -4 mag, which cannot be solely due to differential extinction; (2) blue HeB stars fainter than M{sub V} {approx} -3 mag are bluer than predicted; (3) the slope of the red HeB sequence is shallower than predicted by a factor of {approx}3; and (4) the models overpredict the ratio of the most luminous blue to red HeB stars corresponding to ages {approx}< 50 Myr. Additionally, we find that for the more metal-rich galaxies in our sample (Z {approx}> 0.5 Z{sub sun}), the red HeB stars overlap with the red giant branch stars in the color-magnitude diagrams, thus reducing their usefulness as indicators of star formation for ages {approx}> 100 Myr.

  10. Chili with Red Beans Ingredients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    tender, about three minutes. 4. Open kidney beans and pour into a colander. Rinse under cool waterChili with Red Beans Ingredients: 1/2 pound ground beef, extra lean 1 medium onion, chopped 4 cups red kidney beans, soaked overnight or 2 cans, rinsed 3 cups tomatoes, chopped, or 28 ounces, canned 1

  11. Jamaican red clay tobacco pipes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidtke, Kenan Paul

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JAMAICAN RED CLAY TOBACCO PIPES A Thesis by KENAN PAUL HEIDTKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December 1992 Major Subject...: Anthropology JAMAICAN RED CLAY TOBACCO PIPES A Thesis by KENAN PAUL HEIDTKE Approved as to style and content by: Dorm L. Hamilton (Chair of Committee) Frederick H. van Doorninck, J (Member) enry C. Schmidt (Member) Vaughn M. Bryant (Head...

  12. Reversibility of Red blood Cell deformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maria Zeitz; Pierre Sens

    2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability of cells to undergo reversible shape changes is often crucial to their survival. For Red Blood Cells (RBCs), irreversible alteration of the cell shape and flexibility often causes anemia. Here we show theoretically that RBCs may react irreversibly to mechanical perturbations because of tensile stress in their cytoskeleton. The transient polymerization of protein fibers inside the cell seen in sickle cell anemia or a transient external force can trigger the formation of a cytoskeleton-free membrane protrusion of micrometer dimensions. The complex relaxation kinetics of the cell shape is shown to be responsible for selecting the final state once the perturbation is removed, thereby controlling the reversibility of the deformation. In some case, tubular protrusion are expected to relax via a peculiar "pearling instability".

  13. Interpreting the Clustering of Distant Red Galaxies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tinker, Jeremy L.; /BCCP, Berkeley; Wechsler, Risa H.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Zheng, Zheng; /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study

    2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the angular clustering of z {approx} 2.3 distant red galaxies (DRGs) measured by Quadri et al. (2008). We find that, with robust estimates of the measurement errors and realistic halo occupation distribution modeling, the measured clustering can be well fit within standard halo occupation models, in contrast to previous results. However, in order to fit the strong break in w({theta}) at {theta} = 10{double_prime}, nearly all satellite galaxies in the DRG luminosity range are required to be DRGs. Within this luminosity-threshold sample, the fraction of galaxies that are DRGs is {approx} 44%, implying that the formation of DRGs is more efficient for satellite galaxies than for central galaxies. Despite the evolved stellar populations contained within DRGs at z = 2.3, 90% of satellite galaxies in the DRG luminosity range have been accreted within 500 Myr. Thus, satellite DRGs must have known they would become satellites well before the time of their accretion. This implies that the formation of DRGs correlates with large-scale environment at fixed halo mass, although the large-scale bias of DRGs can be well fit without such assumptions. Further data are required to resolve this issue. Using the observational estimate that {approx} 30% of DRGs have no ongoing star formation, we infer a timescale for star formation quenching for satellite galaxies of 450 Myr, although the uncertainty on this number is large. However, unless all non-star forming satellite DRGs were quenched before accretion, the quenching timescale is significantly shorter than z {approx} 0 estimates. Down to the completeness limit of the Quadri et al sample, we find that the halo masses of central DRGs are {approx} 50% higher than non-DRGs in the same luminosity range, but at the highest halo masses the central galaxies are DRGs only {approx} 2/3 of the time.

  14. Red Means Go Information Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Projects ·Budget Issues #12;Red Means Go Strategic Operations Plan (SOP) ·Articulate the OIT vision, planning, and other business functions · Scope: Project will impact university data users (executive Means Go Directions and Opportunities for OIT ·Three Phase Plan for IT Improvement ·Develop Strategic

  15. EA-1692: Red River Environmental Products, LLC Activated Carbon...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2: Red River Environmental Products, LLC Activated Carbon Manufacturing Facility, Red River Parish, LA EA-1692: Red River Environmental Products, LLC Activated Carbon Manufacturing...

  16. Microsoft Word - Red Detector Tests _3_.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Red Detector Tests May 5 ed -2006 1. Black Body @ 900F, Comparison between red and blue detectors: Table 1: Detector's signal with and without filters -BB at 900F Filter(micron)...

  17. Red Rice Research and Control.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, John B.; Baldwin, Ford L.; Bourgeois, W.J.; Cox, Clodis H.; Craigmiles, Julian P.; Dishman, William D.; Eastin, E. Ford; Helpert, Charles W.; Hill, Lewis C.; Huey, Bobby A.; Klosterboer, Arlen D.; Sonnier, Earl A.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -to-date information available on a subject of major concern to rice producers. E. F. Eastin, editor The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Beaumont INTRODUCTION J. P. Craigmiles The purpose of t h i s red r i c e symposium i s straightforward and simple... - t o discuss the l a t e s t f indings and procedures f o r con t ro l l ing red r i c e . In accom- pl ishing t h i s we want two-way communication s o t h a t all present w i l l become current on t h i s most noxious weed of r i c e...

  18. Red Mesa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap Jump to:bJumpRed Bank, New Jersey:Mesa Jump to:

  19. MyRED Mobiles Student Views

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    tap on Shopping Cart, then select term. Tap on Class Search to find courses to place in your shoppingMyRED Mobiles Student Views Mar 2014 Page 1 Login/Sign-in Enter your MyRED /TrueYou credentials. Tap on any Term bar to view a schedule for the selected term. Home Screen/Main Menu Class Schedule

  20. U-200: Red Hat Directory Server Information Disclosure Security...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0: Red Hat Directory Server Information Disclosure Security Issue and Vulnerability U-200: Red Hat Directory Server Information Disclosure Security Issue and Vulnerability June 27,...

  1. T-678: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service T-678: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet...

  2. On Bitcoin and Red Balloons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babaioff, Moshe; Oren, Sigal; Zohar, Aviv

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study scenarios in which the goal is to ensure that some information will propagate through a large network of nodes. In these scenarios all nodes that are aware of the information compete for the same prize, and thus have an incentive not to propagate information. One example for such a scenario is the 2009 DARPA Network Challenge (finding red balloons). We give special attention to a second domain, Bitcoin, a decentralized electronic currency system. Bitcoin, which has been getting a large amount of public attention over the last year, represents a radical new approach to monetary systems which has appeared in policy discussions and in the popular press. Its cryptographic fundamentals have largely held up even as its usage has become increasingly widespread. We find, however, that it exhibits a fundamental problem of a different nature, based on how its incentives are structured. We propose a modification to the protocol that can fix this problem. Bitcoin relies on a peer-to-peer network to track transac...

  3. Star Formation and the Growth of Stellar Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric F. Bell; Xian Zhong Zheng; Casey Papovich; Andrea Borch; Christian Wolf; Klaus Meisenheimer

    2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent observations have demonstrated a significant growth in the integrated stellar mass of the red sequence since z=1, dominated by a steadily increasing number of galaxies with stellar masses M* 3x10^10 M_sun blue galaxies would also be overproduced; i.e., most of the new stars formed in blue cloud galaxies are in the massive galaxies. We explore a simple truncation scenario in which these `extra' blue galaxies have their star formation suppressed by an unspecified mechanism or mechanisms; simple cessation of star formation in these extra blue galaxies is approximately sufficient to build up the red sequence at M*<10^11 M_sun.

  4. Viscoelastic transient of confined Red Blood Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaël Prado; Alexander Farutin; Chaouqi Misbah; Lionel Bureau

    2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The unique ability of a red blood cell to flow through extremely small microcapillaries depends on the viscoelastic properties of its membrane. Here, we study in vitro the response time upon flow startup exhibited by red blood cells confined into microchannels. We show that the characteristic transient time depends on the imposed flow strength, and that such a dependence gives access to both the effective viscosity and the elastic modulus controlling the temporal response of red cells. A simple theoretical analysis of our experimental data, validated by numerical simulations, further allows us to compute an estimate for the two-dimensional membrane viscosity of red blood cells, $\\eta_{mem}^{2D}\\sim 10^{-7}$ N$\\cdot$s$\\cdot$m$^{-1}$. By comparing our results with those from previous studies, we discuss and clarify the origin of the discrepancies found in the literature regarding the determination of $\\eta_{mem}^{2D}$, and reconcile seemingly conflicting conclusions from previous works.

  5. Right Turn on Red! | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    benefits for the country, helping us all save money by saving energy. Prior to the 1970's, some states already allowed drivers to turn right on a red light, but many others -...

  6. Redding Electric- Earth Advantage Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Earth Advantage Rebate Program was designed to offer rebates to residential and business customers of Redding Electric Utility (REU) for solar PV, solar thermal, and geothermal heat pump...

  7. THE TEMPERATURES OF RED SUPERGIANTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davies, Ben [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Egerton Wharf, Birkenhead CH41 1LD (United Kingdom)] [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Egerton Wharf, Birkenhead CH41 1LD (United Kingdom); Kudritzki, Rolf-Peter; Gazak, Zach [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)] [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Plez, Bertrand [Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, Universite Montpellier 2, CNRS, F-34095 Montpellier (France)] [Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, Universite Montpellier 2, CNRS, F-34095 Montpellier (France); Trager, Scott [Kapteyn Institute, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700-AV Groningen (Netherlands)] [Kapteyn Institute, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700-AV Groningen (Netherlands); Lancon, Ariane [Observatoire Astronomique and CNRS UMR 7550, Universite de Strasbourg, F-67000 Strasbourg (France)] [Observatoire Astronomique and CNRS UMR 7550, Universite de Strasbourg, F-67000 Strasbourg (France); Bergemann, Maria [Max-Planck-Institute for Astrophysics, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, D-85741 Garching (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institute for Astrophysics, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, D-85741 Garching (Germany); Evans, Chris [UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory Edinburgh, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom)] [UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory Edinburgh, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom); Chiavassa, Andrea [CNRS Laboratoire Lagrange, Universite de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, BP 4229, F-06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France)] [CNRS Laboratoire Lagrange, Universite de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, BP 4229, F-06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France)

    2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a re-appraisal of the temperatures of red supergiants (RSGs) using their optical and near-infrared spectral energy distributions (SEDs). We have obtained data of a sample of RSGs in the Magellanic Clouds using VLT+XSHOOTER, and we fit MARCS model atmospheres to different regions of the spectra, deriving effective temperatures for each star from (1) the TiO bands, (2) line-free continuum regions of the SEDs, and (3) the integrated fluxes. We show that the temperatures derived from fits to the TiO bands are systematically lower than the other two methods by several hundred kelvin. The TiO fits also dramatically overpredict the flux in the near-IR, and imply extinctions which are anomalously low compared to neighboring stars. In contrast, the SED temperatures provide good fits to the fluxes at all wavelengths other than the TiO bands, are in agreement with the temperatures from the flux integration method, and imply extinctions consistent with nearby stars. After considering a number of ways to reconcile this discrepancy, we conclude that three-dimensional effects (i.e., granulation) are the most likely cause, as they affect the temperature structure in the upper layers where the TiO lines form. The continuum, however, which forms at much deeper layers, is apparently more robust to such effects. We therefore conclude that RSG temperatures are much warmer than previously thought. We discuss the implications of this result for stellar evolution and supernova progenitors, and provide relations to determine the bolometric luminosities of RSGs from single-band photometry.

  8. POPULATION BIOLOGY OF RED ABAWNES, HALIOTIS RUFESCENS, IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA AND MANAGEMENT OF THE RED AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ABSTRACT Population dynamics of red abalones. Hal·wti.s rufeSC611,8 Swainson. were studied at Johnsons Lee

  9. THE SIZE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN RED AND BLUE GLOBULAR CLUSTERS IS NOT DUE TO PROJECTION EFFECTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webb, Jeremy J.; Harris, William E.; Sills, Alison, E-mail: webbjj@mcmaster.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton ON L8S 4M1 (Canada)

    2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Metal-rich (red) globular clusters in massive galaxies are, on average, smaller than metal-poor (blue) globular clusters. One of the possible explanations for this phenomenon is that the two populations of clusters have different spatial distributions. We test this idea by comparing clusters observed in unusually deep, high signal-to-noise images of M87 with a simulated globular cluster population in which the red and blue clusters have different spatial distributions, matching the observations. We compare the overall distribution of cluster effective radii as well as the relationship between effective radius and galactocentric distance for both the observed and simulated red and blue sub-populations. We find that the different spatial distributions does not produce a significant size difference between the red and blue sub-populations as a whole or at a given galactocentric distance. These results suggest that the size difference between red and blue globular clusters is likely due to differences during formation or later evolution.

  10. MFR PAPER 1229 Red Snappers of the Carolina Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coast to the Campeche Banks. A closely related species, the Caribbean red snapper, Lutjanus pur- pureus

  11. Improved ``Optical Highlighter'' Probes Derived from Discosoma Red Fluorescent Protein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchant, Jonathan

    , Minneapolis, Minnesota ABSTRACT The tetrameric red fluorescent protein, DsRed, undergoes a rapid red to green-emitting species of DsRed and an enhancement of emission from the ``immature'' green species, likely caused by dequenching of fluorescence resonance energy transfer occurring within the protein tetramer. Here, we have

  12. Newtonian gravity, red shift, confinement, asymptotic freedom and quarks oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Quznetsov

    2008-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Quarks oscillations give the Newtonian gravity law, the red shift, the confinement and the asymptotic freedom.

  13. Conserving Scotland's Red Squirrels Scotland supports an estimated 75% of the UK red squirrel population. Although one

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to save the red squirrel for future generations. We will continue to be involved with wider partnerships is co-ordinated nationwide. Public involvement is crucial to saving red squirrels in Scotland and we are delighted to support this through projects such as Saving Scotland's Red Squirrels, Red Squirrels

  14. 7X performance results - final report : ASCI Red vs Red Storm.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dinge, Dennis C. (Cray Inc., Albuquerque, NM); Davis, Michael E. (Cray Inc., Albuquerque, NM); Haskell, Karen H.; Ballance, Robert A.; Gardiner, Thomas Anthony; Stevenson, Joel O.; Noe, John P.

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the 7X performance testing was to assure Sandia National Laboratories, Cray Inc., and the Department of Energy that Red Storm would achieve its performance requirements which were defined as a comparison between ASCI Red and Red Storm. Our approach was to identify one or more problems for each application in the 7X suite, run those problems at multiple processor sizes in the capability computing range, and compare the results between ASCI Red and Red Storm. The first part of this report describes the two computer systems, the applications in the 7X suite, the test problems, and the results of the performance tests on ASCI Red and Red Storm. During the course of the testing on Red Storm, we had the opportunity to run the test problems in both single-core mode and dual-core mode and the second part of this report describes those results. Finally, we reflect on lessons learned in undertaking a major head-to-head benchmark comparison.

  15. CUTTING SOLAR RED TAPECUTTING SOLAR RED TAPE Evergreen State Solar PartnershipEvergreen State Solar Partnership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CUTTING SOLAR RED TAPECUTTING SOLAR RED TAPE Evergreen State Solar PartnershipEvergreen State Solar Partnership Rooftop Solar Challenge 1 Sunshot #12;WASHINGTON PV CONTEXTWASHINGTON PV CONTEXT 285 cities, 39 Installations happen where process is easier #12;EVERGREEN STATE SOLAR PARTNERSHIP Commerce NWSEEDEdmonds

  16. Alternate Thesis & Dissertation Formats Manuscript Format Guidelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayfield, John

    Alternate Thesis & Dissertation Formats Manuscript Format Guidelines In addition to the standard format for dissertation/thesis, the Graduate School allows for the use of an alternative format. The manuscript format refers to the use of articles and/or book chapters to replace the standard dissertation

  17. Red mud characterization using nuclear analytical techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Obhodas, J.; Sudac, D.; Matjacic, L. [Dept. of Experimental Physics, Inst. Ruder Boskovic, Zagreb (Croatia); Valkovic, V. [A.C.T.d.o.o., Prilesje 4, Zagreb (Croatia)

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Red mud is a toxic waste left as a byproduct in aluminum production Bayer process. Since it contains significant concentrations of other chemical elements interesting for industry, including REE, it is also potential secondary ore source. Recent events in some countries have shown that red mud presents a serious environmental hazard if not properly stored. The subject of our study is the red mud from an ex-aluminum plant in Obrovac, Croatia, left from processing of bauxite mined during late 70's and early 80's at the eastern Adriatic coast and since than stored in open concrete basins for more than 30 years. We have used energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence analysis (both tube and radioactive source excitation), fast neutron activation analysis and passive gamma spectrometry to identify a number of elements present in the red mud, their concentration levels and radioactivity in the red mud. The high concentrations of Al, Si, Ca, Ti and Fe have been measured. Chemical elements Sc, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Se, Br, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Pb, Th and U were found in lower concentrations. No significant levels of radioactivity have been measured. (authors)

  18. Red River Biodiesel Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap Jump to:bJumpRed Bank, New Jersey:Mesa Jump to:Red

  19. Redding, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRay County,OpenCounty, Texas:RedRedbird,Redding,

  20. Watch for the red dot indicating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    > http:// > Watch for the red dot indicating expanded stories online sdm.mit.edu/pulse continued its facilities by constructing the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT) on a mountain in Chile isolated from the grid. The planned construction of the E-ELT and the challenges faced by the current

  1. Author Proof Plants on red alert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Martin

    Author Proof A Plants on red alert: do insects pay attention? H. Martin Schaefer* and Gregor Rolshausen Summary Two recent hypotheses have proposed that non-green plant colouration evolved as a defence against herbi- vores, either as protective colouration promoting handi- cap signals indicating plant

  2. The FIRST-2MASS Red Quasar Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glikman, E; Helfand, D J; White, R L; Becker, R H; Gregg, M D; Lacy, M

    2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Combining radio observations with optical and infrared color selection--demonstrated in our pilot study to be an efficient selection algorithm for finding red quasars--we have obtained optical and infrared spectroscopy for 120 objects in a complete sample of 156 candidates from a sky area of 2716 square degrees. Consistent with our initial results, we find our selection criteria--J-K > 1.7,R-K > 4.0--yield a {approx} 50% success rate for discovering quasars substantially redder than those found in optical surveys. Comparison with UVX- and optical color-selected samples shows that {approx}> 10% of the quasars are missed in a magnitude-limited survey. Simultaneous two-frequency radio observations for part of the sample indicate that a synchrotron continuum component is ruled out as a significant contributor to reddening the quasars spectra. We go on to estimate extinctions for our objects assuming their red colors are caused by dust. Continuum fits and Balmer decrements suggest E(B-V) values ranging from near zero to 2.5 magnitudes. Correcting the K-band magnitudes for these extinctions, we find that for K {le} 14.0, red quasars make up between 25% and 60% of the underlying quasar population; owing to the incompleteness of the 2MASS survey at fainter K-band magnitudes, we can only set a lower limit to the radio-detected red quasar population of > 20-30%.

  3. Carta de Servicios Red de Bibliotecas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bibliotecas que pueden pertenecer a la Red, en la que se realizan los trabajos técnicos precisos para bibliotecarios que permitan el acceso a la información, ya sea de forma presencial o a distancia. servicios para trabajo en grupo. · Préstamo personal Permite a los usuarios utilizar las colecciones de su

  4. The Red Planet Mars is noticeable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    the melting polar ice, and ­ to distribute the water among the oases #12;Camille Flammarion (1884) #12;Chesley Viewed through a telescope: ·Mars has white polar caps ·Mars has dark (greenish) and bright (red;Northern Polar Cap in Spring #12;The Facts of Mars · mass = 0.11M · radius = 0.53 R · density = 3.9 gm/cm3

  5. Healthy Plate Red onion, rhubarb, radicchio,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogyo, Matthew

    , bananas, kiwi, figs, watermelon Whole Grains & Fruit Combination Ideas: Poultry, fish, beans, lentils Beans + Spinach + Tomato Sauce Wild Rice + Lentils + Red Onion + Summer Squash Spring Rolls (recipe ROASTED LENTILS For the Rolls Rice wrapping paper Pan of water Veggies of choice (i.e. carrots, jalapeños

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - aux red oils Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Sciences and Ecology 22 Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale Summary: Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale 12;About Red...

  7. artificial red blood: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as long-circulating drug carriers 3. RBC as red blood cells to evade the immune system Ronnie Hongbo Fang, Che-Ming Jack Hu & Liangfang Zhang-circulating entities, red blood...

  8. WHEN THE BLUE-GREEN WATERS TURN RED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHEN THE BLUE-GREEN WATERS TURN RED Historical Flooding in Havasu Creek, Arizona U.S. GEOLOGICAL OF RECLAMATION #12;WHEN THE BLUE-GREEN WATERS TURN RED Historical Flooding in Havasu Creek, Arizona By THEODORE S

  9. Red-luminescent europium (III) doped silica nanoshells: synthesis,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kummel, Andrew C.

    Red-luminescent europium (III) doped silica nanoshells: synthesis, characterization(6), 066012 (June 2011) Red-luminescent europium (III) doped silica nanoshells: synthesis, characterization (SPIE). [DOI: 10.1117/1.3593003] Keywords: europium; silica; luminescent; nanoshells; endocytosis. Paper

  10. Is the Missing Ultra-Red Material Colorless Ice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. M. Grundy

    2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The extremely red colors of some transneptunian objects and Centaurs are not seen among the Jupiter family comets which supposedly derive from them. Could this mismatch result from sublimation loss of colorless ice? Radiative transfer models show that mixtures of volatile ice and nonvolatile organics could be extremely red, but become progressively darker and less red as the ice sublimates away.

  11. `Save Our Squirrels' (SOS) A Red Alert North England Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    `Save Our Squirrels' (SOS) A Red Alert North England Project objectives The red squirrel is Britain in England. Action is needed if numbers are to be stabilised. The `Save Our Squirrels' Project (SOS) was set targeted area works with partners and woodland owners to fight to save the red squirrel. We

  12. Red Blood Cell Segmentation from SEM Images Joost Vromen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCane, Brendan

    Red Blood Cell Segmentation from SEM Images Joost Vromen Human Media Interaction University Microscope image of red blood cells. We use a second order polynomial model and a simple Bayesian approach sample images involving more than 11000 red blood cells. I. INTRODUCTION There is considerable evidence

  13. Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale #12;About Red Leaf Resources 2006 Company commercial development field activities #12;Highlights Proven, Revolutionary Oil Shale Extraction Process Technology Significant Owned Oil Shale Resource #12;· The executive management team of Red Leaf Resources

  14. Carta de Servicios Red de Bibliotecas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pertenecer a la Red, en la que se realizan los trabajos técnicos precisos para proporcionar a los usuarios el a la información, ya sea de forma presencial o a distancia. servicios Información, orientación y también con salas para fondos especiales, de investigadores o para trabajo en grupo. · Préstamo personal

  15. From Red Tally to Yellow Paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uebach, Helga

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by the convocation of many male able-bodied adults for registration (pha-los mang-pho). – Year 718/719: The establishment of the Red Tally of the former principality of Dags-po marks its complete inclusion... number of tallies for its files. In concluding it can be said that the fact that paper was officially introduced in Tibet for administrative purposes in the military organisation does not come as a surprise, since her power was built on her military...

  16. HAWK-I imaging of the X-ray luminous galaxy cluster XMMU J2235.3-2557: The red sequence at z=1.39

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Lidman; P. Rosati; M. Tanaka; V. Strazzullo; R. Demarco; C. Mullis; N. Ageorges; M. Kissler-Patig; M. G. Petr-Gotzens; F. Selman

    2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We use HAWK-I, the recently-commissioned near-IR imager on Yepun (VLT-UT4), to obtain wide-field, high-resolution images of the X-ray luminous galaxy cluster XMMU J2235.3-2557 in the J and Ks bands, and we use these images to build a colour-magnitude diagram of cluster galaxies. Galaxies in the core of the cluster form a tight red sequence with a mean J-Ks colour of 1.9 (Vega system). The intrinsic scatter in the colour of galaxies that lie on the red sequence is similar to that measured for galaxies on the red sequence of the Coma cluster. The slope and location of the red sequence can be modelled by passively evolving the red sequence of the Coma cluster backwards in time. Using simple stellar population (SSP) models, we find that galaxies in the core of XMMU J2235.3-2557 are, even at z=1.39, already 3 Gyr old, corresponding to a formation redshift of z ~ 4. Outside the core, the intrinsic scatter and the fraction of galaxies actively forming stars increase substantially. Using SSP models, we find that most of these galaxies will join the red sequence within 1.5 Gyr. The contrast between galaxies in the cluster core and galaxies in the cluster outskirts indicates that the red sequence of XMMU J2235.3-2557 is being built from the dense cluster core outwards.

  17. (Non) formation of methanol by direct hydrogenation of formate...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Non) formation of methanol by direct hydrogenation of formate on copper catalysts. (Non) formation of methanol by direct hydrogenation of formate on copper catalysts. Abstract: We...

  18. Blue, green, orange, and red upconversion laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Xie, Ping (San Jose, CA); Gosnell, Timothy R. (Sante Fe, NM)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A laser for outputting visible light at the wavelengths of blue, green, orange and red light. This is accomplished through the doping of a substrate, such as an optical fiber or waveguide, with Pr.sup.3+ ions and Yb.sup.3+ ions. A light pump such as a diode laser is used to excite these ions into energy states which will produce lasing at the desired wavelengths. Tuning elements such as prisms and gratings can be employed to select desired wavelengths for output.

  19. Blue, green, orange, and red upconversion laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Xie, P.; Gosnell, T.R.

    1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A laser is disclosed for outputting visible light at the wavelengths of blue, green, orange and red light. This is accomplished through the doping of a substrate, such as an optical fiber or waveguide, with Pr{sup 3+} ions and Yb{sup 3+} ions. A light pump such as a diode laser is used to excite these ions into energy states which will produce lasing at the desired wavelengths. Tuning elements such as prisms and gratings can be employed to select desired wavelengths for output. 11 figs.

  20. Osmotic water permeability of human red cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, T.C.; Solomon, A.K.

    1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The osmotic water permeability of human red cells has been reexamined with a stopped-flow device and a new perturbation technique. Small osmotic gradients are used to minimize the systematic error caused by nonlinearities in the relationship between cell volume and light scattering. Corrections are then made for residual systematic error. Our results show that the hydraulic conductivity, Lp, is essentially independent of the direction of water flow and of osmolality in the range 184-365 mosM. the mean value of Lp obtained obtained was 1.8 +/- 0.1 (SEM) X 10-11 cm3 dyne -1 s-1.

  1. Red Sun Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History Facebook iconQuito,JumpReactionEnergy Data JamReconceptRed Sun

  2. RedFlow | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History Facebook iconQuito,JumpReactionEnergy Data JamReconceptRed

  3. Red Canyon Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap Jump to:bJumpRed Bank, New Jersey: EnergyCanyon

  4. Red Hills Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap Jump to:bJumpRed Bank, New Jersey:

  5. Science On Tap - Red Wine and Mars

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiationImplementingnpitcheResearch BriefsTenney, OfficeScienceEarlyScience On Tap - Red

  6. Red Band Needle Blight Programme Red Band Needle Blight of Pine Programme Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and that the private 1 | Paper 1 - Minutes | Debbie Erskine | 23/01/2009 #12;Red Band Needle Blight Programme Group Group England Working Group Wales Working Group RBNB Operational GB Working Group (including private Groups would only meet on an ad hoc basis and the structure was agreed. Action: Jim/Roddie to re

  7. RED MOUNTAIN BAR PUMPED STOR AGE PR OJEC T Red Mountain Bar Pumped Storage Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    a pumped storage project to generate electricity during peak demand. The proposed Red Mountain Bar Pumped from a lower reservoir to an upper reservoir when demand and price for electricity is low. Water the next day. These projects are uniquely suited for generating power when demand for electricity is high

  8. Summer Enrollment Blue=Old Program, Red=New Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    Summer Enrollment Blue=Old Program, Red=New Program 1559 14181358 1304 1166 1245 0 200 400 600 800;Summer Sections Offered Blue=Old Program, Red=New Program 142 135 160158 180 200 0 50 100 150 200 250 Generated Blue=Old Program, Red=New Program 5643 5983.5 5463 4953 5985.5 6961 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000

  9. Red rice control in rice using herbicides plus safeners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, James Bain

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RED RICE CONTROL IN RICE USING HERBICIDES PLUS SAFENERS A Thesis by JAMES BAIN PRICE, IV Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1977 Major... Subject: Agronomy RED RICE CONTROL IN RICE USING HERBICIDES PLUS SAFENERS A Thesis by JAMES BAIN PRICE, IV Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee Head of Department (Member) (Member) Memb May 1977 ABSTRACT Red Rice...

  10. Integrated Culture of Seaweeds and Red Abalone in Monterey Harbor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Michael H.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Project Hypotheses (1) Red algae and kelp can be effectivelydiets are superior to all kelp diets in enhancing farmedlaboratory methods for seeding kelp zoospores onto string

  11. Nationwide: Slashing Red Tape To Speed Solar Deployment for Homes...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Slashing Red Tape To Speed Solar Deployment for Homes and Businesses While solar panels, inverters and other hardware are more affordable than ever before (the average cost of...

  12. aqaba northern red: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for a population of extremely red stellar objects extracted from the point-source catalogue of the INT Photometric H-Alpha Survey (IPHAS) of the northern galactic...

  13. NNSA Releases UPF "Red Team" Report | National Nuclear Security...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    UPF "Red Team" Report | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the...

  14. amphiuma red blood: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    clay) with human red blood cells Engineering Websites Summary: in the manufacture of oil adsorbants as fertilizer carriers, and as an additive to liquid suspensions; however,...

  15. adjunct red blood: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    clay) with human red blood cells Engineering Websites Summary: in the manufacture of oil adsorbants as fertilizer carriers, and as an additive to liquid suspensions; however,...

  16. autologous red blood: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    clay) with human red blood cells Engineering Websites Summary: in the manufacture of oil adsorbants as fertilizer carriers, and as an additive to liquid suspensions; however,...

  17. Redding Electric- Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Redding Electric Utility offers a variety of financial incentives for energy efficiency through its Earth Advantage Rebate Program. Rebates are for weatherization measures, HVAC equipment, and...

  18. american red squirrels: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    274 www.redsquirrelsofthehighlands.co.uk RED SQUIRRRELS OF THE HIGHLANDS End of Project Renewable Energy Websites Summary: by internal FCS process Training for health...

  19. aqaba red sea: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is uncertain due to global warming and repeated bleaching a century. Keywords: climate change, coral bleaching, coral reefs, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea Received 9 January. The latter,...

  20. Red Shift in a Laboraory Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuriy A. Yatsunenko; Julian A. Budagov

    2011-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A hypotheses of energy loss for polarization of e-e+ vacuum by a photon passing interstellar space is considered. An excitation and relaxation of vacuum can't run with speed of light due to very small but finite fraction of e-e+ pair mass that creates a retardment in recuperation of deposited energy back to photon. This "forgotten" by many photons energy is finally splashed out in real space as a Relic Radiation. An assumption that such energy loss is proportional to a photon energy conforms to Hubble low of Red Shift and experimental data treated as accelerated expansion of Universe. A possibility of an observation of this type energy loss is considered at high-energy accelerators where energy deposition may reach up hundreds MeV in second.

  1. ACARYOCHLORIS EXPLAINING THE RIDDLE OF CHLOROPHYLL D IN RED ALGAE AND EXPANDING PAR FOR OXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHESIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    ACARYOCHLORIS ­ EXPLAINING THE RIDDLE OF CHLOROPHYLL D IN RED ALGAE AND EXPANDING PAR FOR OXYGENIC strain is shown to live epi- phytically on the red alga Gelidium caulacantheum, which itself is harvested by the red alga. Availability of far red light, however, is relatively unaffected by DOM or red

  2. Ris-R-1513(EN) The "Red" Decline of Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø-R-1513(EN) The "Red" Decline of Norway Spruce or "Røde Rødgraner" ­ Is it Ammonium Overload. Engvild Title: The "Red" Decline of Norway Spruce or "Røde Rødgraner" ­ Is it Ammonium Overload or Top" decline of Norway spruce (Picea abies) became a serious problem in plantations in Jutland on poor, sandy

  3. Natural England Commissioned Report NECR019 Review of red squirrel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and offers expert and timely advice for future work programmes. Control of grey squirrels is identified and effective. Improve the way in which grey squirrel control, central to any red squirrel conservation project Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ (Consortium leader) Keywords - Red squirrel, grey squirrel, wildlife

  4. INHIBITION OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN CERTAIN ALGAE BY EXTREME RED LIGHT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee

    INHIBITION OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN CERTAIN ALGAE BY EXTREME RED LIGHT GOVINDJEE, EUGENE RABINOWITCH. INTRODUCTION It was shown in preceding papers (9, 10) that when the unicellular red alga Por- phyridium), these algae, when exposed to monochromatic light (bands isolated by a grating monochromator, band half

  5. Intelligent Computing System for Reservoir Analysis and Risk Assessment of Red River Formation, Class Revisit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sippel, Mark A.

    2002-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrated software was written that comprised the tool kit for the Intelligent Computing System (ICS). The software tools in ICS are for evaluating reservoir and hydrocarbon potential from various seismic, geologic and engineering data sets. The ICS tools provided a means for logical and consistent reservoir characterization. The tools can be broadly characterized as (1) clustering tools, (2) neural solvers, (3) multiple-linear regression, (4) entrapment-potential calculator and (5) combining tools. A flexible approach can be used with the ICS tools. They can be used separately or in a series to make predictions about a desired reservoir objective. The tools in ICS are primarily designed to correlate relationships between seismic information and data obtained from wells; however, it is possible to work with well data alone.

  6. Three-dimensional hydrodynamical CO5BOLD model atmospheres of red giant stars. IV. Oxygen diagnostics in extremely metal-poor red giants with infrared OH lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobrovolskas, V; Bonifacio, P; Caffau, E; Ludwig, H -G; Steffen, M; Spite, M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Context. Although oxygen is an important tracer of Galactic chemical evolution, measurements of its abundance in the atmospheres of the oldest Galactic stars are still scarce and rather imprecise. At the lowest end of the metallicity scale, oxygen can only be measured in giant stars and in most of cases such measurements rely on a single forbidden [O I] 630 nm line that is very weak and frequently blended with telluric lines. Although molecular OH lines located in the ultraviolet and infrared could also be used for the diagnostics, oxygen abundances obtained from the OH lines and the [O I] 630 nm line are usually discrepant to a level of ~0.3-0.4 dex. Aims. We study the influence of convection on the formation of the infrared (IR) OH lines and the forbidden [O I] 630 nm line in the atmospheres of extremely metal-poor (EMP) red giant stars. Methods. We used high-resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio spectra of four EMP red giant stars obtained with the VLT CRIRES spectrograph. For each EMP star, 4-14 IR OH...

  7. FCS Guidance Note 33: Forest operations and red squirrels: November 2006 Forest operations and red squirrels in Scottish forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    impacts on red squirrels. The survey, forest design and operational planning practices set outFCS Guidance Note 33: Forest operations and red squirrels: November 2006 1 Forest operations Guidance Note: Forest operations and wildlife in Scottish forests. This note sets out further advice on how

  8. ABSTRACT & DISSERTATION FORMAT GUIDELINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Yi

    2 ABSTRACT & DISSERTATION FORMAT GUIDELINES The Knowledge Navigation Center (second floor these guidelines. The most up-to-date version of the Abstract and Dissertation Format Guidelines is available;2 Abstract Format Guidelines ABSTRACT Title of the Dissertation by by Student's Name Chair: Chair's name Text

  9. RedSeal Comments on "Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    RedSeal Comments on "Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges. RedSeal Comments on "Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges. RedSeal Comments...

  10. A reinterpretation of the Balakot Formation: Implications for the tectonics of the NW Himalaya, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najman, Yani

    , Pakistan Yani Najman,1,2 Malcolm Pringle,3 Laurent Godin,4 and Grahame Oliver5 Received 2 April 2001 of the Himalayan foreland basin in Pakistan was originally described as a >8 km thick clastic red bed succession; 9320 Information Related to Geographic Region: Asia; KEYWORDS: Himalaya, Pakistan, Balakot Formation

  11. OH-initiated oxidation of benzene Part I. Phenol formation under atmospheric conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OH-initiated oxidation of benzene Part I. Phenol formation under atmospheric conditions Rainer-radical initiated oxidation of benzene was studied in two simulation chambers: (1) the large-volume outdoor chamber-red spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to simultaneously measure phenol and benzene. The second study used only FTIR

  12. U-159: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Messaging Qpid Bug Lets Certain...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Messaging Qpid Bug Lets Certain Remote Users Bypass Authentication U-159: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Messaging Qpid Bug Lets Certain Remote Users Bypass...

  13. Cold multinucleon transfer and formation of a dinuclear complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilpert, M.; Gebauer, B.; Wilpert, T.; von Oertzen, W.; Bohlen, H.G.; Speer, J. (Hahn-Meitner-Institut Berlin, Glienicker Strasse 100, D-14109 Berlin (Germany))

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a kinematical coincidence setup with [Delta][ital E]-[ital E] identification two-body reactions between medium heavy nuclei were studied in the vicinity of the Coulomb barrier. The measured angular distributions for transfer of up to four protons with additional transfer of neutrons show maxima at large c.m. angles of 120--140[degree]. For one- and partially for two-proton transfers the angular distributions are consistent with a one-step transfer mechanism, described by a distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA) approach. The angular distributions of the three- and four-proton transfers show components in the forward angular region which cannot be described by DWBA. These contributions are interpreted as originating from the decay of a dinuclear complex; for this complex a lifetime of [ital r]=6[sub [minus]2][sup +6][times]10[sup [minus]22] s is deduced from the angle of rotation.

  14. Properties of Luminous Red Galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Barber; A. Meiksin; T. Murphy

    2006-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform population synthesis modelling of a magnitude-limited sample of 4391 Luminous Red Galaxies selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 4 (SDSS DR4). We fit measured spectral indices using a large library of high resolution spectra, covering a wide range of metallicities and assuming an exponentially decaying star-formation rate punctuated by bursts, to obtain median-likelihood estimates for the light-weighted age, metallicity, stellar mass and extinction for the galaxies. The ages lie in the range 4-10 Gyr, peaking near 6 Gyr, with metallicities in the range -0.4<[Z/H]<0.4, peaking at [Z/H] ~ 0.2. Only a few per cent of the spectra are better fit allowing for a burst in addition to continuous star-formation. The total stellar masses of all the galaxies are confined to a very narrow range. Our results broadly agree with those of previous groups using an independent population synthesis code. We find, however, that our choice in priors results in ages 1-2 Gyr smaller, decreasing the peak star formation epoch from z=2.3 to z=1.3. We develop a metal evolution model incorporating stochastic star-formation quenching motivated by recent attempts to solve the `anti-hierarchical' formation problem of ellipticals. Two scenarios emerge, a closed box with an effective stellar yield of 0.26, and an accreting box with an effective stellar yield of 0.10. Both scenarios require an IMF weighted towards massive stars and characteristic star-formation quenching times of about 100 Myr, the expected lifetime of luminous QSOs. The models predict an anti-correlation between the age and mean metallicity similar to that observed.

  15. Deformability of Plasmodium falciparum parasitized red blood cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, John Philip, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The biophysical properties of the human red blood cell (RBC) permit large deformations required for passage through narrow capillaries and spleen sinusoids. Several pathologic conditions alter RBC deformability that can ...

  16. Infra-Red Process for Colour Fixation on Fabrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biau, D.; Raymond, D. J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Infra-red radiations find wide application in industrial processes as heating, drying, stoving and forming. The results are often far better than those from the other techniques: convection oven, gas IR etc . They come from the electric IR specific...

  17. Red Ink : open source financial analytics for people & communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Ryan (Ryan Michael)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Red Ink is an open source social-financial web-service that enables people to share, aggregate, analyze, visualize and publish their financial transactions as individuals and ad-hoc groups, through data sharing campaigns. ...

  18. area red sea: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to compiling a Red Data Book of Threatened Biotopes of the Baltic Sea Area. The assessment has been made by numerous experts on marine and coastal ecology and taxonomy from...

  19. CAPTURING TAGGED RED SALMON WITH PULSED DIRECT CURRENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the electrodes were forced to move towards the positive electrode, placed in slack water 3 feet deep close pressing problems now facing biologists working on research and man- agement of our salmon resources. Red

  20. Red River Valley REA- Heat Pump Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Red River Valley Rural Electric Association (RRVREA) offers a loan program to its members for air-source and geothermal heat pumps. Loans are available for geothermal heat pumps at a 5% fixed...

  1. Infra-Red Process for Colour Fixation on Fabrics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biau, D.; Raymond, D. J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Infra-red radiations find wide application in industrial processes as heating, drying, stoving and forming. The results are often far better than those from the other techniques: convection oven, gas IR etc . They come from the electric IR specific...

  2. Microfluidic devices for analysis of red blood cell mechanical properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bow, Hansen Chang

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Decreased deformability of human red blood cells (RBCs) is both a cause of disease and biomarker for disease (1). To traverse blood capillaries, the biconcave disk-shaped RBC must deform dramatically, since the diameter ...

  3. Lipid bilayer and cytoskeletal interactions in a red blood cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng, Zhangli

    We study the biomechanical interactions between the lipid bilayer and the cytoskeleton in a red blood cell (RBC) by developing a general framework for mesoscopic simulations. We treated the lipid bilayer and the cytoskeleton ...

  4. Anisotropic light scattering of individual sickle red blood cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Youngchan

    We present the anisotropic light scattering of individual red blood cells (RBCs) from a patient with sickle cell disease (SCD). To measure light scattering spectra along two independent axes of elongated-shaped sickle RBCs ...

  5. Imazethapyr: red rice control and resistance, and environmental fate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avila, Luis Antonio de

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Imazethapyr was recently approved for use in rice, but limited information is available regarding its efficacy, environmental fate or potential red rice resistance. Therefore, experiments were conducted to 1) determine the effect of flooding time...

  6. SEISMIC DIAGNOSTICS OF RED GIANTS: FIRST COMPARISON WITH STELLAR MODELS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Montalban, J.; Miglio, A.; Noels, A.; Scuflaire, R. [Institut d'Astrophysique et Geophysique de l'Universite de Liege, Allee du six Aout, 17 B-4000 Liege (Belgium); Ventura, P. [Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma-INAF, via Frascati 33, Monteporzio Catone, Rome (Italy)

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The clear detection with CoRoT and KEPLER of radial and non-radial solar-like oscillations in many red giants paves the way for seismic inferences on the structure of such stars. We present an overview of the properties of the adiabatic frequencies and frequency separations of radial and non-radial oscillation modes for an extended grid of models. We highlight how their detection allows a deeper insight into the internal structure and evolutionary state of red giants. In particular, we find that the properties of dipole modes constitute a promising seismic diagnostic tool of the evolutionary state of red giant stars. We compare our theoretical predictions with the first 34 days of KEPLER data and predict the frequency diagram expected for red giants in the CoRoT exofield in the galactic center direction.

  7. Analysis of records of embryo production in Red Brahman cows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riano Rocha, Edgar Hernando

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ANALYSIS OF RECORDS OF EMBRYO PRODUCTION IN RED BRAHMAN COWS A Thesis by EDGAR HERNANDO RIANO ROCHA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 2005 Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction ANALYSIS OF RECORDS OF EMBRYO PRODUCTION IN RED BRAHMAN COWS A Thesis by EDGAR HERNANDO RIANO ROCHA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  8. Inheritance of some characters in red rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Livore, Alberto Blas

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INHERITANCE OF SOME CHARACTERS IN RED RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L. ) A Thesis ALBERTO BLAS LIVORE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985... Major Subject: Plant Breeding INHERITANCE OF SOME CHARACTERS IN RED RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L. ) A Thesis ALBERTO BLAS LIVORE Approved as to style and content by: J. Bockholt Co-Chairman) James W. Stansel (Co-Chairman) Charles N. Bollich (Member...

  9. Increasing herbicide selectivity between rice and red rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koetz, Paul Howard

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INCREASING HERBICIDE SEIZCTIVITY BETWEEN RICE AND RED RICE A Thesis by PAUL HOWARD KOETZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAN University 'n partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of' WASTER OF SCIENCE August 1982... major Subject: Agronomy INCREASING HERBICIDE SELECTIVITY BETWEEN RICE AND RED RICE A Thesis by PAUL HOWARD KOETZ Approved as to style and content by (Chairman of Committee) (Member (Member) (Head of Departmen August l982 ABSTRACT Increasing...

  10. Red Storm usage model :Version 1.12.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jefferson, Karen L.; Sturtevant, Judith E.

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Red Storm is an Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) funded massively parallel supercomputer located at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). The Red Storm Usage Model (RSUM) documents the capabilities and the environment provided for the FY05 Tri-Lab Level II Limited Availability Red Storm User Environment Milestone and the FY05 SNL Level II Limited Availability Red Storm Platform Milestone. This document describes specific capabilities, tools, and procedures to support both local and remote users. The model is focused on the needs of the ASC user working in the secure computing environments at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and SNL. Additionally, the Red Storm Usage Model maps the provided capabilities to the Tri-Lab ASC Computing Environment (ACE) requirements. The ACE requirements reflect the high performance computing requirements for the ASC community and have been updated in FY05 to reflect the community's needs. For each section of the RSUM, Appendix I maps the ACE requirements to the Limited Availability User Environment capabilities and includes a description of ACE requirements met and those requirements that are not met in that particular section. The Red Storm Usage Model, along with the ACE mappings, has been issued and vetted throughout the Tri-Lab community.

  11. Assessment of Biomass Energy Opportunities for the Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Haase (McNeil Technologies, Inc)

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Assessment of biomass energy and biobased product manufacturing opportunities for the Red Lake Tribe.

  12. AMPLITUDES OF SOLAR-LIKE OSCILLATIONS: CONSTRAINTS FROM RED GIANTS IN OPEN CLUSTERS OBSERVED BY KEPLER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stello, Dennis; Huber, Daniel; Bedding, Timothy R.; Benomar, Othman [Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Kallinger, Thomas [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Basu, Sarbani [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States); Mosser, BenoIt [LESIA, CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Universite Denis Diderot, Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon (France); Hekker, Saskia [Astronomical Institute 'Anton Pannekoek', University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Mathur, Savita [High Altitude Observatory, NCAR, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); GarcIa, Rafael A. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS, Universite Paris 7 Diderot, IRFU/SAp, Centre de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Kjeldsen, Hans; Grundahl, Frank; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Joergen [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Gilliland, Ronald L. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Verner, Graham A.; Chaplin, William J.; Elsworth, Yvonne P. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Meibom, Soeren [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Molenda-Zakowicz, Joanna [Instytut Astronomiczny Uniwersytetu Wroclawskiego, ul. Kopernika 11, 51-622 Wroclaw (Poland); Szabo, Robert [Konkoly Observatory of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Konkoly Thege Miklos ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest (Hungary)

    2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Scaling relations that link asteroseismic quantities to global stellar properties are important for gaining understanding of the intricate physics that underpins stellar pulsations. The common notion that all stars in an open cluster have essentially the same distance, age, and initial composition implies that the stellar parameters can be measured to much higher precision than what is usually achievable for single stars. This makes clusters ideal for exploring the relation between the mode amplitude of solar-like oscillations and the global stellar properties. We have analyzed data obtained with NASA's Kepler space telescope to study solar-like oscillations in 100 red giant stars located in either of the three open clusters, NGC 6791, NGC 6819, and NGC 6811. By fitting the measured amplitudes to predictions from simple scaling relations that depend on luminosity, mass, and effective temperature, we find that the data cannot be described by any power of the luminosity-to-mass ratio as previously assumed. As a result we provide a new improved empirical relation which treats luminosity and mass separately. This relation turns out to also work remarkably well for main-sequence and subgiant stars. In addition, the measured amplitudes reveal the potential presence of a number of previously unknown unresolved binaries in the red clump in NGC 6791 and NGC 6819, pointing to an interesting new application for asteroseismology as a probe into the formation history of open clusters.

  13. Shear-response of the spectrin dimer-tetramer equilibrium in the red blood cell membrane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    An, Xiuli; Lecomte, M. Christine; Chasis, Joel Anne; Mohandas, Narla; Gratzer, Walter

    2003-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The red cell membrane derives its elasticity and resistance to mechanical stresses from the membrane skeleton, a network composed of spectrin tetramers. These are formed by the head-to-head association of pairs of heterodimers attached at their ends to junctional complexes of several proteins. Here we examine the dynamics of the spectrin dimer-dimer association in the intact membrane. We show that univalent fragments of spectrin, containing the dimer self-association site, will bind to spectrin on the membrane and thereby disrupt the continuity of the protein network. This results in impairment of the mechanical stability of the membrane. When, moreover, the cells are subjected to a continuous low level of shear, even at room temperature, the incorporation of the fragments and the consequent destabilization of the membrane are greatly accentuated. It follows that a modest shearing force, well below that experienced by the red cell in the circulation, is sufficient to sever dimer-dimer links in the network. Our results imply (1) that the membrane accommodates the enormous distortions imposed on it during the passage of the cell through the micro vasculature by means of local dissociation of spectrin tetramers to dimers, (2) that the network in situ is in a dynamic state and under goes a ''breathing'' action of tetramer dissociation and re-formation.

  14. Formation of mixed oxide powders in flames: Part II. SiO sub 2 --GeO sub 2 and Al sub 2 O sub 3 --TiO sub 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hung, C.; Miquel, P.F.; Katz, J.L. (Department of Chemical Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States))

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SiO{sub 2}--GeO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}--TiO{sub 2} mixed oxide powders were synthesized using a counterflow diffusion flame burner. SiCl{sub 4}, GeCl{sub 4}, Al(CH{sub 3}){sub 3}, and TiCl{sub 4} were used as source materials for the formation of oxide particles in hydrogen-oxygen flames. {ital In} {ital situ} particle sizes were determined using dynamic light-scattering. Powders were collected using two different methods, a thermophoretic method (particles are collected onto carbon coated TEM grids) and an electrophoretic method (particles are collected onto stainless steel strips). Their size, morphology, and crystalline form were examined using a transmission electron microscope and an x-ray diffractometer. A photomultiplier at 90{degree} to the argon ion laser beam was used to measure the light-scattering intensity. The formation of the mixed oxides was investigated using Si to Ge and Al to Ti ratios of 3:5 and 1:1, respectively. Heterogeneous nucleation of the SiO{sub 2} on the surface of the GeO{sub 2} was observed. In Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}--TiO{sub 2} mixtures, both oxide particles form at the same temperature. X-ray diffraction analysis of particles sampled at temperatures higher than 1553 K showed the presence of rutile, {gamma}--Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and aluminum titanate. Although the particle formation processes for SiO{sub 2}--GeO{sub 2} is very different from that for Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}--TiO{sub 2}, both mixed oxides result in very uniform mixtures.

  15. Unlayered graphenes in red-giant starsmoke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric Mandell; Nathaniel Hunton; P. Fraundorf

    2006-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron diffraction, imaging, and energy loss provide evidence for unlayered graphene sheets in the core of certain interstellar graphite onions (from the meteorite Murchison) whose isotopes indicate formation in the atmosphere of late-stage asymptotic giant branch stars (like those which nucleo-synthesized much of the earth's carbon). The data are compared to structural models loosely associated with atom-by-atom, molecule-by-molecule, and dendritic-droplet solidification processes. In this context the observed density, diffraction peak-shapes, and edge-on sheet patterns, along with theoretical limits on time for growth in the presence of outgoing radiation pressure, suggest nucleation of hexagonal sheets from pentagons, perhaps from a supercooled melt. These results warrant a closer examination of specimen structure, the energetics of unlayered graphene nucleation, and processes such as jets in late star atmospheres.

  16. THE CH(G) INDEX AS A NEW CRITERION FOR SELECTING RED GIANT STARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Y. Q.; Zhao, G.; Carrell, K.; Zhao, J. K.; Tan, K. F., E-mail: cyq@bao.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)

    2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We have measured the CH G band (CH(G)) index for evolved stars in the globular cluster M3 based on the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) spectroscopic survey. It is found that there is a useful way to select red giant branch (RGB) stars from the contamination of other evolved stars such as asymptotic giant branch (AGB) and red horizontal branch (RHB) stars by using the CH(G) index versus (g - r){sub 0} diagram if the metallicity is known from the spectra. When this diagram is applied to field giant stars with similar metallicity, we establish a calibration of CH(G) = 1.625(g - r){sub 0} - 1.174(g - r){sup 2}{sub 0} - 0.934. This method is confirmed by stars with [Fe/H] {approx} -2.3 where spectra of member stars in globular clusters M15 and M92 are available in the SDSS database. We thus extend this kind of calibration to every individual metallicity bin ranging from [Fe/H] {approx} -3.0 to [Fe/H] {approx} 0.0 by using field red giant stars with 0.4 {<=} (g - r){sub 0} {<=} 1.0. The metallicity-dependent calibrations give CH(G) = 1.625(g - r){sub 0} - 1.174(g - r){sup 2}{sub 0} + 0.060[Fe/H] - 0.830 for -3.0 < [Fe/H] {<=} -1.2 and CH(G) = 0.953(g - r){sub 0} - 0.655(g - r){sup 2}{sub 0} + 0.060[Fe/H] - 0.650 for -1.2 < [Fe/H] < 0.0. The calibrations are valid for the SDSS spectroscopic data set, and they cannot be applied blindly to other data sets. With the two calibrations, a significant number of the contaminating stars (AGB and RHB stars) were excluded and thus a clear sample of red giant stars is obtained by selecting stars within {+-}0.05 mag of the calibration. The sample is published online and it is expected that this large and clean sample of RGB stars will provide new information on the formation and evolution of the Galaxy.

  17. Red phosphors for use in high CRI fluorescent lamps

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Alok; Comanzo, Holly; Manivannan, Vankatesan; Setlur, Anant Achyut

    2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Novel red emitting phosphors for use in fluorescent lamps resulting in superior color rendering index values compared to conventional red phosphors. Also disclosed is a fluorescent lamp including a phosphor layer comprising blends of one or more of a blue phosphor, a blue-green phosphor, a green phosphor and a red a phosphor selected from the group consisting of SrY.sub.2 O.sub.4 :Eu.sup.3+, (Y,Gd)Al.sub.3 B.sub.4 O.sub.12 :Eu.sup.3+, and [(Y.sub.1-x-y-m La.sub.y)Gd.sub.x ]BO.sub.3 :Eu.sub.m wherein y<0.50 and m=0.001-0.3. The phosphor layer can optionally include an additional deep red phosphor and a yellow emitting phosphor. The resulting lamp will exhibit a white light having a color rendering index of 90 or higher with a correlated color temperature of from 2500 to 10000 Kelvin. The use of the disclosed red phosphors in phosphor blends of lamps results in high CRI light sources with increased stability and acceptable lumen maintenance over the course of the lamp life.

  18. Ages of White Dwarf-Red Subdwarf Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hektor Monteiro; Wei-Chun Jao; Todd Henry; John Subasavage; Thom Beaulieu

    2005-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide the first age estimates for two recently discovered white dwarf-red subdwarf systems, LHS 193AB and LHS 300AB. These unusual systems provide a new opportunity for linking the reliable age estimates for the white dwarfs to the (measurable) metallicities of the red subdwarfs. We have obtained precise photometry in the $V_{J}R_{KC}I_{KC}JH$ bands and spectroscopy covering from 6000\\AA to 9000\\AA for the two new systems, as well as for a comparison white dwarf-main sequence red dwarf system, GJ 283 AB. Using model grids available in the literature, we estimate the cooling age as well as temperature, surface gravity, mass, progenitor mass and {\\it total} lifetimes of the white dwarfs. The results indicate that the two new systems are probably ancient thick disk objects with ages of at least 6-9 Gyr. We also conduct searches of red dwarf and white dwarf compendia from SDSS data and the L{\\'e}pine Shara Proper Motion (LSPM) catalog for additional common proper motion white dwarf-red subdwarf systems. Only seven new candidate systems are found, which indicates the rarity of these systems.

  19. Inert plug formation in the DDT of granular energetic materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Son, S.F.; Asay, B.W.; Bdzil, J.B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States of America)

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A mechanism is proposed to explain the {open_quotes}plugs{close_quotes} that have been observed in deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) of granular explosives. Numerical simulations are performed that demonstrate the proposed mechanism. Observed trends are reproduced. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  20. Entrance-channel mass-asymmetry dependence of compound nucleus formation time in light heavy-ion reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szanto de Toledo, A. [Instituto de Fisica da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Departamento de Fisica Nuclear-Laboratorio, Pelletron, Caixa Postal 66318-05389-970 Sao Paulo, (Brasil)] [Instituto de Fisica da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Departamento de Fisica Nuclear-Laboratorio, Pelletron, Caixa Postal 66318-05389-970 Sao Paulo, (Brasil); Carlson, B.V. [Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Tecnologico da Aeronautica, Centro Tecnico Aerospacial, 12228-900 Sao Jose dos Campos, (Brasil)] [Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Tecnologico da Aeronautica, Centro Tecnico Aerospacial, 12228-900 Sao Jose dos Campos, (Brasil); Beck, C. [Centre de Recherches Nucleaires, Institut National de Physique Nucleaire et de Physique des Particules-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/Universite Louis Pasteur, Boite Postale 28, F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France)] [Centre de Recherches Nucleaires, Institut National de Physique Nucleaire et de Physique des Particules-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/Universite Louis Pasteur, Boite Postale 28, F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); Thoennessen, M. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)] [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The entrance-channel mass-asymmetry dependence of the compound nucleus formation time in light heavy-ion reactions has been investigated within the framework of semiclassical dissipative collision models. The model calculations have been applied successfully to the formation of the {sup 38}Ar compound nucleus as populated via the {sup 9}Be+{sup 29}Si, {sup 11}B+{sup 27}Al, {sup 12}C+{sup 26}Mg, and {sup 19}F+{sup 19}F entrance channels. The shape evolution of several other light composite systems appears to be consistent with the so-called {open_quote}{open_quote}Fusion Inhibition Factor{close_quote}{close_quote} which has been observed experimentally. As found previously in more massive systems for the fusion-evaporation process, the entrance-channel mass-asymmetry degree of freedom appears to determine the competition between the different mechanisms as well as the time scales involved. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  1. Radiolabeled red blood cells: status, problems, and prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Srivastava, S.C.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radionuclidic labels for red cells can be divided into two main categories - cohort or pulse labels, and random labels. The random labels are incorporated into circulating cells of all ages and the labeling process is usually carried out in vitro. The red cell labels in predominant use involve random labeling and employ technetium-99m, chromium-51, indium-111, and gallium-68, roughly in that order. The extent of usefulness depends on the properties of the label such as the half-life, decay mode, and in-vivo stability, etc. Labeled cells can be used for red cell survival measurements when the half-life of the radionuclide is sufficiently long. The major portion of this article deals with random labels.

  2. Method for determining properties of red blood cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gourley, Paul L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for quantifying the concentration of hemoglobin in a cell, and indicia of anemia, comprises determining the wavelength of the longitudinal mode of a liquid in a laser microcavity; determining the wavelength of the fundamental transverse mode of a red blood cell in the liquid in the laser microcavity; and determining if the cell is anemic from the difference between the wavelength of the longitudinal mode and the fundamental transverse mode. In addition to measuring hemoglobin, the invention includes a method using intracavity laser spectroscopy to measure the change in spectra as a function of time for measuring the influx of water into a red blood cell and the cell's subsequent rupture.

  3. Varieties of Cotton in the Red Prairies of Northwest Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinby, John Roy

    1927-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . NORTHCUTT. JR., B. S.. Feed Inspedor SIDNEY D. REYNOLDS. JR.. Feed Inspector P. A. MOORE, Feed Inspector SUBSTATIONS No. 1 Beerille, Bee County: R. A. HALL, B. S.. Superintendent o. 10. Ftsdfng and Breeding Station. near College Station. Brazos Connty... OF COTTON IN THE RED PRAIRIES OF NORTH- WEST TEXAS Substation No. 12 of the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station is located in the eastern part of Hardeman County southwest of Chilli- cothe about midway between the Red and Pease Rivers, and in the seo...

  4. Improving the Infra-red of Holographic Descriptions of QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nick Evans; Andrew Tedder; Tom Waterson

    2007-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A surprisingly good holographic description of QCD can be obtained from naive five dimensional gauge theory on a truncated AdS space. We seek to improve the infra-red description of QCD in such models by using a more sophisticated metric and an action derived from string theory duals of chiral symmetry breaking. Our metric is smooth into the infra-red and the chiral condensate is a prediction of the dynamics. The theory reproduces QCD meson data at the 10% level.

  5. RedShift Systems Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRay County,OpenCounty, Texas:Red RiverRedShift

  6. New red phosphor for near-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes with high color-purity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Zhengliang, E-mail: wzhl_ww@yahoo.com.cn [School of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Yunnan Nationalities University, Kunming, Yunnan 650031 (China)] [School of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Yunnan Nationalities University, Kunming, Yunnan 650031 (China); He, Pei; Wang, Rui [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275 (China)] [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275 (China); Zhao, Jishou [School of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Yunnan Nationalities University, Kunming, Yunnan 650031 (China)] [School of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Yunnan Nationalities University, Kunming, Yunnan 650031 (China); Gong, Menglian [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275 (China)] [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275 (China)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    New red phosphors, Na{sub 5}Eu(MoO{sub 4}){sub 4} doped with boron oxide were prepared by the solid-state reaction. Their structure and photo-luminescent properties were investigated. With the introduction of boron oxide, the red emission intensity of the phosphors under 395 nm excitation is strengthened, with high color-purity (x = 0.673, y = 0.327). The single red light-emitting diode was obtained by combining InGaN chip with the red phosphor, bright red light can be observed by naked eyes from the red light-emitting diodes under a forward bias of 20 mA.

  7. A theoretical analysis of the systematic errors in the Red Clump distance to the LMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maurizio Salaris; Susan Percival; Leo Girardi

    2003-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a detailed analysis of the uncertainty on the theoretical population corrections to the LMC Red Clump (RC) absolute magnitude, by employing a population synthesis algorithm to simulate theoretically the photometric and spectroscopic properties of RC stars, under various assumptions about the LMC Star Formation Rate (SFR) and Age Metallicity Relationship (AMR). A comparison of the outcome of our simulations with observations of evolved low-intermediate mass stars in the LMC allows one to select the combinations of SFR and AMR that bracket the real LMC star formation history, and to estimate the systematic error on the associated RC population corrections. The most accurate estimate of the LMC distance modulus from the RC method (adopting the OGLE-II reddening maps for the LMC) is obtained from the K-band magnitude, and provides (m-M)_{0, LMC}=18.47 +/-0.01(random) +0.05/-0.06(systematic). Distances obtained from the I-band, or from the multicolour RC technique which determines at the same time reddening and distance, both agree (albeit with a slightly larger error bar) with this value.

  8. InsideBauer RED Labs: Start Me Up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    : Lithuania 38 Bauer Recognized for Exemplary Internal Audit Program 41 RED Labs: Start Me Up 42 A Unique Adrenaline Rush 62 Cover: The Changing Landscape of Higher Education 64 A Whole New Venture 68 Energy Lecture Opens Doors 72 Bauer's Sales Excellence Institute Named Top University Sales Program 73 Our

  9. Resource Stewardship Tips for 2012 Recreational Red Snapper Season

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    trying to catch a bigger fish may have unintended consequences when water temperatures approach the mid creating a thermocline. The result is temperature shock and possibly death for the fish which remains rebuild and are reflected by the numerous large fish landed. Red Snapper dominate many Gulf of Mexico

  10. Alcian Blue Alizarin Red Skeletal Staining October 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Robertis, Eddy M.

    Alcian Blue ­ Alizarin Red Skeletal Staining October 2003 Eddy M. De Robertis 1. Dissect mice damage. 3. Replace 95% ethanol with Alcian blue staining solution for 1-3 days slowly rocking at room days. 4. Replace Alcian blue solution with 95% ethanol for 6 hours slowly rocking at room temperature

  11. HISTORY OF RED LAKES FISHERY, With Observations on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was presented of the artificial propagation of the walleye and whitefish from 1918 through 1938. NOTE Average catch per lift 20 The walleyes of Lower Red Lake 25 Length -frequency distributions 25 Rate bass 50 Artificial propagation 50 Walleye 51 Whitefish 57 Brook, brown, rainbow, and lake trout 60

  12. The Hermeneutics and Genesis of the Red Cow Ritual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Nathan

    2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    HTR 105:3 (2012) 351–71 The Hermeneutics and Genesis of the Red Cow Ritual* Nathan MacDonald University of Göttingen / University of St. Andrews Q#3;Introduction 7KH#3;GLIÀFXOWLHV#3;ZLWK#3;WKH#3;UHG#3;FRZ#3;ULWXDO#3;KDYH#3;ORQJ#3;H[HUFLVHG#3;UHDGHUV...

  13. Thermo Exam 1 pg 1 Fall 2010 RED barcode here

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Thermo Exam 1 ­ pg 1 Fall 2010 RED barcode here Physics 123 section 2 Exam 1 Colton 2-3669 Please otherwise instructed, give all numerical answers for the worked problems in SI units, to 3 or 4 significant not get this test booklet back. #12;Thermo Exam 1 ­ pg 2 (15 pts) Problem 1: Multiple choice conceptual

  14. Thermo Exam 2 pg 1 Fall 2010 RED barcode here

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Thermo Exam 2 ­ pg 1 Fall 2010 RED barcode here Physics 123 section 2 Exam 2 Colton 2-3669 Please in SI units, to 3 or 4 significant digits. For answers that rely on intermediate results, remember to write down your CID at the top of the page? _________ #12;Thermo Exam 1 ­ pg 2 (15 pts) Problem 1

  15. ORIGINAL PAPER Responses of red deer (Cervus elaphus) to regular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL PAPER Responses of red deer (Cervus elaphus) to regular disturbance by hill walkers Angela calving rates in elk Cervus elaphus canadensis have been linked to human disturbance (Philips-recognised that the effect of disturbance can vary with its predictability; unexpected events, such as hill walkers

  16. INTEGRATED LIDAR & PHOTOGRAMMETRIC DOCUMENTATION OF THE RED GULCH DINOSAUR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falkingham, Peter

    101 INTEGRATED LIDAR & PHOTOGRAMMETRIC DOCUMENTATION OF THE RED GULCH DINOSAUR TRACKSITE (WYOMING Resource Technology Section, National Operations Center, Bu- reau of Land Management, Bldg. 50 Denver, CO of successful schemes is testament to the advances made in attitudes and approaches to fossil site management

  17. Observing Massive Galaxy Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher J. Conselice

    2002-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A major goal of contemporary astrophysics is understanding the origin of the most massive galaxies in the universe, particularly nearby ellipticals and spirals. Theoretical models of galaxy formation have existed for many decades, although low and high redshift observations are only beginning to put constraints on different ideas. We briefly describe these observations and how they are revealing the methods by which galaxies form by contrasting and comparing fiducial rapid collapse and hierarchical formation model predictions. The available data show that cluster ellipticals must have rapidly formed at z > 2, and that up to 50% of all massive galaxies at z ~ 2.5 are involved in major mergers. While the former is consistent with the monolithic collapse picture, we argue that hierarchal formation is the only model that can reproduce all the available observations.

  18. Isolating Triggered Star Formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, Elizabeth J.; Arnold, Jacob A.; /UC, Irvine; Zentner, Andrew R.; /KICP, Chicago /Chicago U., EFI; Bullock, James S.; /UC, Irvine; Wechsler, Risa H.; /KIPAC, Menlo

    2007-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Galaxy pairs provide a potentially powerful means of studying triggered star formation from galaxy interactions. We use a large cosmological N-body simulation coupled with a well-tested semi-analytic substructure model to demonstrate that the majority of galaxies in close pairs reside within cluster or group-size halos and therefore represent a biased population, poorly suited for direct comparison to 'field' galaxies. Thus, the frequent observation that some types of galaxies in pairs have redder colors than 'field' galaxies is primarily a selection effect. We use our simulations to devise a means to select galaxy pairs that are isolated in their dark matter halos with respect to other massive subhalos (N= 2 halos) and to select a control sample of isolated galaxies (N= 1 halos) for comparison. We then apply these selection criteria to a volume-limited subset of the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey with M{sub B,j} {le} -19 and obtain the first clean measure of the typical fraction of galaxies affected by triggered star formation and the average elevation in the star formation rate. We find that 24% (30.5 %) of these L* and sub-L* galaxies in isolated 50 (30) h{sup -1} kpc pairs exhibit star formation that is boosted by a factor of {approx}> 5 above their average past value, while only 10% of isolated galaxies in the control sample show this level of enhancement. Thus, 14% (20 %) of the galaxies in these close pairs show clear triggered star formation. Our orbit models suggest that 12% (16%) of 50 (30) h{sup -1} kpc close pairs that are isolated according to our definition have had a close ({le} 30 h{sup -1} kpc) pass within the last Gyr. Thus, the data are broadly consistent with a scenario in which most or all close passes of isolated pairs result in triggered star formation. The isolation criteria we develop provide a means to constrain star formation and feedback prescriptions in hydrodynamic simulations and a very general method of understanding the importance of triggered star formation in a cosmological context.

  19. JPEG File Interchange Format

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Eric

    2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    interchange format compressed image representation • PC or Mac or Unix workstation compatible • Standard color space: one or three components. For three components, YCbCr (CCIR 601-256 levels) • APP0 marker used to specify Units, X pixel density, Y pixel... by the Macintosh but not by PCs or workstations. JPEG File Interchange Format, Version 1.02 2 Standard color space The color space to be used is YCbCr as defined by CCIR 601 (256 levels). The RGB components calculated by linear conversion from YCbCr shall...

  20. Evaluation of Critical Habitat for the California red-legged frog (Rana aurora draytonii)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Michael F.; Tennant, Tracy

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With Comparisons to Rana Aurora and Rana Pretiosa. ” Copeia.M. Jennings. May 1996. “Rana aurora- Red -legged Frog” [WebRed- Legged Frog, Rana aurora, Tadpoles. ” Animal Behaviour

  1. adjustable red-green-blue led: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or by combining green and red phosphors on a background consisting of a blue-light emitting diode (LED) or by employing nanocrystals (NCs) of the three primary colors (red,...

  2. Direct In Vivo Electrochemical Detection of Haemoglobin in Red Blood Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toh, Rou Jun

    The electrochemical behavior of iron ion in haemoglobin provides insight to the chemical activity in the red blood cell which is important in the field of hematology. Herein, the detection of haemoglobin in human red blood ...

  3. Aerosol effects on red blue ratio of clear sky images, and impact on solar forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghonima, Mohamed Sherif

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DIEGO Aerosol effects on Red Blue Ratio of Clear Sky Images,decision image (green: cloudy, blue: clear). The figure wasAerosol effects on Red Blue Ratio of Clear Sky Images, and

  4. Evaluation of various sulphur amino acid compounds in the diet of red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goff, Jonathan B

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Refinement of diet formulations to enhance the efficiency of red drum production continues to be pursued. Based on previous studies, the sulfur amino acid (SAA) requirement of red drum for methionine plus cystine appears to be most limiting, which...

  5. Hair follicle Formation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuong, Cheng-Ming

    Hair follicle Formation of new follicles Bud Healed skin Hair bulge Open wound Epidermis a b Dermis 1950s and help to explain the controversy. What is the origin of the cells that make up these new hair follicles? Are they derived from existing hair follicles located at the wound edge

  6. SWIRE: The SIRTF Wide-area InfraRed Extragalactic Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carol J. Lonsdale; Harding E. Smith; Michael Rowan-Robinson; Jason Surace; David Shupe; Cong Xu; Seb Oliver; Deborah Padgett; Fan Fang; Alberto Franceschini; Nick Gautier; Matt Griffin; Frank Masci; Glenn Morrison; JoAnn O'Linger; Ismael Perez-Fournon; Marguerite Pierre; Richard Puetter; Gordon Stacey

    2003-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The SIRTF Wide-area InfraRed Extragalactic survey (SWIRE), the largest SIRTF Legacy program, is a wide-area, imaging survey to trace the evolution of dusty, star-forming galaxies, evolved stellar populations, and AGN as a function of environment, from redshifts z~3 to the current epoch. SWIRE will survey 7 high-latitude fields, totaling 60 - 65 sq. deg. in all 7 SIRTF bands: IRAC 3.6, 4.5, 5.6, 8 microns and MIPS 24, 70, 160 microns. The Legacy Extragalactic Catalog may contain in excess of 2 million IR-selected galaxies, dominated by (1) ~150,000 luminous infrared galaxies (LIRGs: L{FIR}>10^11 L_sun), ~7000 of these with z>2; (2) 1 million early-type galaxies, ~10,000 with z>2; and (3) \\~20,000 classical AGN, plus significantly more dust-obscured QSO/AGN among the LIRGs. SWIRE will provide an unprecedented view of the evolution of galaxies, structure, and AGN. The key scientific goals of SWIRE are: (1) to determine the evolution of actively star-forming and passively evolving galaxies in order to understand the history of galaxy formation in the context of cosmic structure formation; (2) to determine the evolution of the spatial distribution and clustering of evolved galaxies, starbursts and AGN in the key redshift range, 0.5formation history as a function of epoch and environment The large volume is also optimised for finding rare objects.

  7. Adaptive Tuning of RED Using On-line Simulation Tao Ye, Shivkumar Kalyanaraman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalyanaraman, Shivkumar

    on the proposed RED optimization scheme, a general automatic network management system, i.e., on-line simulation

  8. Neutrino masses from clustering of red and blue galaxies: a test of astrophysical uncertainties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molly E. C. Swanson; Will J. Percival; Ofer Lahav

    2010-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Combining measurements of the galaxy power spectrum and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) is a powerful means of constraining the summed mass of neutrino species sum(m_nu), but is subject to systematic uncertainties due to non-linear structure formation, redshift-space distortions and galaxy bias. We empirically test the robustness of neutrino mass results to these effects by separately analyzing power spectra of red and blue galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-II) Data Release 7 (DR7), combined with the CMB five-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP5) data. We consider fitting for a range of maximum wavenumber k using twelve different galaxy bias models. For example, using a new model based on perturbation theory and including redshift space distortions (Saito et al. 2009), the all-galaxy power spectrum combined with WMAP5 for a wavenumber range of kblue galaxy power spectra give 0.41 and 0.63 eV respectively for this model. Using mock catalogues, we find the expected difference in these limits assuming a true neutrino mass of zero is 0.10 + or - 0.14 eV. Thus the difference of 0.22 eV between upper limits on neutrino mass for red and blue galaxies is approximately 1 sigma from the expected value. We find similar results for the other models and k ranges tested. This indicates good agreement for current data but hints at possible issues for next-generation surveys. Being able to perform such systematic tests is advantageous, and future surveys would benefit by including broad galaxy populations and luminosities that enable such a decomposition.

  9. Young red supergiants and the near infrared light appearance of disk galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James E. Rhoads

    1997-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Disk galaxies often show prominent nonaxisymmetric features at near-infrared wavelengths. Such features may indicate variations in the surface density of stellar mass, contributions from young red supergiants in star forming regions, or substantial dust obscuration. To distinguish among these possibilities, we have searched for spatial variations in the 2.3 micron photometric CO index within the disks of three nearby galaxies (NGC 278, NGC 2649, & NGC 5713). This index measures the strength of the absorption bands of molecular CO in stellar atmospheres, and is strong in cool, low surface-gravity stars, reaching the largest values for red supergiants. We observe significant spatial CO index variations in two galaxies (NGC 278 & NGC 5713), indicating that the dominant stellar population in the near-infrared is not everywhere the same. Central CO index peaks are present in two galaxies; these could be due to either metallicity gradients or recent star formation activity. In addition, significant azimuthal CO index variations are seen in NGC 278. Because strong azimuthal metallicity gradients are physically implausible in disk galaxies, these features are most naturally explained by the presence of a young stellar population. The fraction of 2 micron light due to young stellar populations in star forming regions can be calculated from our data. Overall, young stellar populations can contribute ~3% of a (normal) galaxy's near infrared flux. Locally, this fraction may rise to ~33%. Thus, young stars do not dominate the total near infrared flux, but can be locally dominant in star forming regions, and can bias estimates of spiral arm amplitude or other nonaxisymmetric structures in galaxies' mass distributions.

  10. "Red Sore Disease"in Game Fish1 Peggy Reed and Ruth Francis-Floyd2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    VM85 "Red Sore Disease"in Game Fish1 Peggy Reed and Ruth Francis-Floyd2 1. This document is VM85 fish is generically referred to as "red sore disease." This problem usually occurs in the spring on their fish. Typically, "red sore disease" is caused by two organisms, Aeromonas hydrophila , a bacterium

  11. Understanding Blue-to-Red Conversion in Monomeric Fluorescent Timers and Hydrolytic Degradation of Their

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verkhusha, Vladislav V.

    Understanding Blue-to-Red Conversion in Monomeric Fluorescent Timers and Hydrolytic Degradation-FT (chromophore Met66-Tyr67-Gly68) and its precursor with blocked blue-to- red conversion Blue102 (chromophore Leu data suggest that blue-to-red conversion, taking place in Fast-FT and in related FTs, is associated

  12. Constraints on origin and evolution of Red Sea brines from helium and argon isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winckler, Gisela

    Constraints on origin and evolution of Red Sea brines from helium and argon isotopes Gisela November 2000 Abstract Brines from three depressions along the axis of the Red Sea, the Atlantis II II and the Discovery brines originating from locations in the central Red Sea show 4 He

  13. Red Algae Lose Key Mitochondrial Genes in Response to Becoming Parasitic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lane, Chris

    Red Algae Lose Key Mitochondrial Genes in Response to Becoming Parasitic Lillian Hancock1 , Lynda independently evolved hundreds of times among the floridiophyte red algae. Much is known about the life history class of red algae, Plocamiocolax puvinata, has lost the atp8 gene entirely, indicating that this gene

  14. Evolutionary Ecology, 1987, 1, 59-94 Red Queens and ESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Joel S.

    Evolutionary Ecology, 1987, 1, 59-94 Red Queens and ESS: the coevolution of evolutionary rates coevolutionary rates of zero is that of evolutio- narily stable strategies (ESS). Red Queen assumes that the more of such a phenotypic trait value. Such traits are the key to the Red Queen prediction of progressive coevolution. ESS

  15. Modeling Red Blood Cell and Iron Dynamics in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling Red Blood Cell and Iron Dynamics in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease H. T. Banks1, that stimulates red blood cell (RBC) production. Without intervention, patients suffer from anemia. Patients treatment. Keywords: mathematical model, mathematical biology, erythropoiesis, erythrocyte, red blood cell

  16. Modeling Red Blood Cell and Iron Dynamics in Patients Undergoing Periodic EPO and Iron Treatments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling Red Blood Cell and Iron Dynamics in Patients Undergoing Periodic EPO and Iron Treatments H in the kidneys, that stimulates red blood cell (RBC) production. Without intervention, patients suffer from, erythrocyte, red blood cell, chronic kidney disease, dialysis, iron, neocytolysis, hepcidin, EPO, hemoglobin e

  17. Upper Middle Mainstem Columbia River Subbasin Focal Species Information, Red-winged Blackbird

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appendix C Upper Middle Mainstem Columbia River Subbasin Focal Species Information, Red-winged Blackbird Introduction The red-winged black bird is one of the most abundant birds in North America (Marshall et al. 2003). Red-winged Blackbirds are extremely adaptable; successfully colonizing many small

  18. Alternate Explosions: Collapse and Accretion Events with Red Holes instead of Black Holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James S. Graber

    1999-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A red hole is "just like a black hole" except it lacks an event horizon and a singularity. As a result, a red hole emits much more energy than a black hole during a collapse or accretion event. We consider how a red hole solution can solve the "energy crisis" and power extremely energetic gamma ray bursts and hypernovae.

  19. The growth of luminous red galaxies by merging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morad Masjedi; David W. Hogg; Michael R. Blanton

    2007-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the role of major and minor mergers in the mass growth of luminous red galaxies. We present small-scale ($0.01luminous early-type galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Luminous Red Galaxy (LRG) sample ($0.16luminous than $\\Lstar$. We integrate the luminosity accretion rate from mergers over all companion galaxy subsamples and find that LRGs are growing by $[1.7\\pm 0.1]$ percent per $\\Gyr$, on average, from merger activity at redshift $z\\sim 0.25$. This rate is almost certainly an over-estimate because we have assumed that all close pairs are merging as quickly as dynamical friction allows; nonetheless it is on the low side of the panoply of measurements in the literature, and lower than any rate predicted from theory.

  20. Non-linear mechanical response of the Red Blood Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young-Zoon Yoon; Jurij Kotar; Gilwon Yoon; Pietro Cicuta

    2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We measure the dynamical mechanical properties of human red blood cells. Single cell response is measured with optical tweezers. We investigate both the stress relaxation following a fast deformation, and the effect of varying the strain rate. We find a power law decay of the stress as a function of time, down to a plateau stress, and a power law increase of the cell's elasticity as a function of the strain rate. Interestingly, the exponents of these quantities violate the linear superposition principle, indicating a nonlinear response. We propose that this is due to breaking of a fraction of the crosslinks during the deformation process. The Soft Glassy Rheology Model accounts for the relation between the exponents we observe experimentally. This picture is consistent with recent models of bond remodeling in the red blood cell's molecular structure. Our results imply that the blood cell's mechanical behavior depends critically on the deformation process.

  1. Eleccion simulador de red 4 de mayo de 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elecci´on simulador de red 4 de mayo de 2012 La simulaci´on es una herramienta poderosa para el an representativos mediante simulaciones no es una tarea sencilla. Hay dos aspectos claves que se deben evaluar antes de la realizaci´on de las simulaciones: Una es la utilizaci´on del modelo correcto. La simulaci´on de

  2. The Luminous Starburst Ring in NGC 7771: Sequential Star Formation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denise A. Smith; Terry Herter; Martha P. Haynes; Susan G. Neff

    1998-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Only two of the twenty highly luminous starburst galaxies analyzed by Smith et al. exhibit circumnuclear rings of star formation. These galaxies provide a link between 10^11 L_sun systems and classical, less-luminous ringed systems. We report the discovery of a near-infrared counterpart to the nuclear ring of radio emission in NGC 7771. A displacement between the ~10 radio bright clumps and the ~10 near-infrared bright clumps indicates the presence of multiple generations of star formation. The estimated thermal emission from each radio source is equivalent to that of ~35000 O6 stars. Each near-infrared bright knot contains ~5000 red supergiants, on average. The stellar mass of each knot is estimated to be ~10^7 M_sun. The implied time-averaged star formation rate is \\~40 M_sun per yr. Several similarities are found between the properties of this system and other ringed and non-ringed starbursts. Morphological differences between NGC 7771 and the starburst + Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 7469 suggest that NGC 7771 may not be old enough to fuel an AGN, or may not be capable of fueling an AGN. Alternatively, the differences may be unrelated to the presence or absence of an AGN and may simply reflect the possibility that star formation in rings is episodic.

  3. Oxygen isotopic ratios in intermediate-mass red giants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebzelter, Thomas; Hinkle, Kenneth; Nowotny, Walter; Aringer, Bernhard

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Context. The abundances of the three main isotopes of oxygen are altered in the course of the CNO-cycle. When the first dredge-up mixes the burning products to the surface, the nucleosynthesis processes can be probed by measuring oxygen isotopic ratios. Aims. By measuring 16O/17O and 16O/18O in red giants of known mass we compare the isotope ratios with predictions from stellar and galactic evolution modelling. Methods. Oxygen isotopic ratios were derived from the K-band spectra of six red giants. The sample red giants are open cluster members with known masses of between 1.8 and 4.5 Msun . The abundance determination employs synthetic spectra calculated with the COMARCS code. The effect of uncertainties in the nuclear reaction rates, the mixing length, and of a change in the initial abundance of the oxygen isotopes was determined by a set of nucleosynthesis and mixing models using the FUNS code. Results. The observed 16O/17O ratios are in good agreement with the model results, even if the measured values do ...

  4. Method using CO for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bitensky, M.W.

    1995-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is disclosed using CO for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells. Carbon monoxide is utilized for stabilizing hemoglobin in red blood cells to be stored at low temperature. Changes observed in the stored cells are similar to those found in normal red cell aging in the body, the extent thereof being directly related to the duration of refrigerated storage. Changes in cell buoyant density, vesiculation, and the tendency of stored cells to bind autologous IgG antibody directed against polymerized band 3 IgG, all of which are related to red blood cell senescence and increase with refrigerated storage time, have been substantially slowed when red blood cells are treated with CO. Removal of the carbon monoxide from the red blood cells is readily and efficiently accomplished by photolysis in the presence of oxygen so that the stored red blood cells may be safely transfused into a recipient. 5 figs.

  5. Method using CO for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bitensky, Mark W. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Method using CO for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells. Carbon monoxide is utilized for stabilizing hemoglobin in red blood cells to be stored at low temperature. Changes observed in the stored cells are similar to those found in normal red cell aging in the body, the extent thereof being directly related to the duration of refrigerated storage. Changes in cell buoyant density, vesiculation, and the tendency of stored cells to bind autologous IgG antibody directed against polymerized band 3 IgG, all of which are related to red blood cell senescence and increase with refrigerated storage time, have been substantially slowed when red blood cells are treated with CO. Removal of the carbon monoxide from the red blood cells is readily and efficiently accomplished by photolysis in the presence of oxygen so that the stored red blood cells may be safely transfused into a recipient.

  6. Planning and Search Exam format

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alechina, Natasha

    is the frame problem. Revision 5 #12;Exam topics: planning Classical planning. How the problem definitionPlanning and Search Revision Revision 1 #12;Outline Exam format Exam topics How to revise Revision 2 #12;Exam format 4 questions out of 6 same format as 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 exams (on G52PAS

  7. Young Red Spheroidal Galaxies in the Hubble Deep Fields: Evidence for a Truncated IMF at ~2M_solar and a Constant Space Density to z~2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Broadhurst; Rychard J. Bouwens

    1999-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The optical-IR images of the Northern and Southern Hubble Deep Fields are used to measure the spectral and density evolution of early-type galaxies. The mean optical SED is found to evolve passively towards a mid F-star dominated spectrum by z ~ 2. We demonstrate with realistic simulations that hotter ellipticals would be readily visible if evolution progressed blueward and brightward at z > 2, following a standard IMF. The colour distributions are best fitted by a `red' IMF, deficient above ~2 M_solar and with a spread of formation in the range 1.5 3 Gyrs independent of its formation redshift. Regarding density evolution, we demonstrate that the sharp decline in numbers claimed at z > 1 results from a selection bias against distant red galaxies in the optical, where the flux is too weak for morphological classification, but is remedied with relatively modest IR exposures revealing a roughly constant space density to z ~ 2. We point out that the lack of high mass star-formation inferred here and the requirement of metals implicates cooling-flows of pre-enriched gas in the creation of the stellar content of spheroidal galaxies. Deep-field X-ray images will be very helpful to examine this possibility.

  8. Formation of Carbon Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles L. Steinhardt; Dimitar D. Sasselov

    2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the formation of dwarf carbon stars via accretion from a carbon AGB companion in light of the new 107 object sample of Downes et al. (2004). This sample is now large enough to allow good mass determination via comparison of a composite spectrum to theoretical atmospheric models. Carbon dwarfs of spectral type M are indeed main sequence M dwarfs with enhanced metallicity and carbon abundance. We also calculate the predicted abundance of both M and of F/G carbon dwarfs, and show that the latter should be falsifiable in the near future.

  9. Inhibition of Photosynthesis in Some Algae by Extreme-Red Light Author(s): Eugene Rabinowitch, Govindjee, Jan B. Thomas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee

    Inhibition of Photosynthesis in Some Algae by Extreme-Red Light Author(s): Eugene Rabinowitch://www.jstor.org #12;Inhibition of Photosynthesis in Some Algae by Extreme"Red Light Abstract. Photosynthesis produced by far-red light (about 700 m,b) is reversibly inhibited in some algae by extreme-red light ( 750 m

  10. Major Mergers Host the Most Luminous Red Quasars at z ~ 2: A Hubble Space Telescope WFC3/IR Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glikman, Eilat; Mailly, Madeline; Schawinski, Kevin; Urry, C M; Lacy, M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We used the Hubble Space Telescope WFC3 near-infrared camera to image the host galaxies of a sample of eleven luminous, dust-reddened quasars at z ~ 2 -- the peak epoch of black hole growth and star formation in the Universe -- to test the merger-driven picture for the co-evolution of galaxies and their nuclear black holes. The red quasars come from the FIRST+2MASS red quasar survey and a newer, deeper, UKIDSS+FIRST sample. These dust-reddened quasars are the most intrinsically luminous quasars in the Universe at all redshifts, and may represent the dust-clearing transitional phase in the merger-driven black hole growth scenario. Probing the host galaxies in rest-frame visible light, the HST images reveal that 8/10 of these quasars have actively merging hosts, while one source is reddened by an intervening lower redshift galaxy along the line-of-sight. We study the morphological properties of the quasar hosts using parametric Sersic fits as well as the non-parametric estimators (Gini coefficient, M_{20} and a...

  11. On the cosmic ray spectrum from type II Supernovae expanding in their red giant presupernova wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardillo, Martina; Blasi, Pasquale

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While from the energetic point of view SNRs are viable sources of Galactic CRs, the issue of whether they can accelerate protons up to PeV remains unsolved. Here we discuss particle acceleration at the forward shock of SN and discuss the possibility that the escaping particle current may excite a non-resonant instability that in turn leads to the formation of resonant modes confining particles close to the shock and increasing the maximum energy. This mechanism works throughout the expansion of the SN explosion, from the ejecta dominated (ED) to the Sedov-Taylor (ST) phase. Because of their higher explosion rate,we focus on type II SNae expanding in the slow, dense red supergiant wind. When the explosion occurs in such winds, the transition between the ED and the ST phase is likely to take place within a few tens of years. As a result, the spectrum of accelerated particles shows a break in the slope, at the maximum energy (Em) achieved at the beginning of the ST phase. Above this energy, the spectrum becomes ...

  12. Tungsten-incorporation induced red-shift in the bandgap of gallium oxide thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rubio, E. J.; Ramana, C. V. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas 79968 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas 79968 (United States)

    2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Tungsten (W) incorporated Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} films were produced by co-sputter deposition. W-concentration was varied by the applied sputtering-power. The structure and optical properties of W-incorporated Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} films were evaluated using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and spectrophotometric measurements. No secondary phase formation was observed in W-incorporated Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} films. W-induced effects were significant on the structure and optical properties of Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} films. The bandgap of Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} films without W-incorporation was {approx}5 eV. Red-shift in the bandgap was noted with increasing W-concentration indicating the electronic structure changes in W-Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} films. A functional relationship between W-concentration and optical property is discussed.

  13. Population Effects on the Metallicity Distribution Function Derived From the Red Giant Branch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ordoñez, Antonio J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have tested the reliability of the red giant branch (RGB) as a metallicity indicator accounting for observational errors as well as the complexity of star formation histories (SFHs) and chemical evolution histories observed in various stellar systems. We generate model color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) produced with a variety of evolutionary histories and compare the resultant metallicity estimates from the colors and magnitudes of RGB stars to the true input metallicities. We include realistic models for photometric errors and completeness in our synthetic CMDs. As expected, for simple simple stellar populations dominated by old stars, the RGB provides a very accurate estimate of the modular metallicity value for a population. An error in the age of a system targeted for this type of study may produce metallicity errors of a few tenths of a dex. The size of this metallicity error depends linearly on the age error, and we find this dependence to be stronger with more precise photometry. If the population has...

  14. Formation, characterization and reactivity of adsorbed oxygen...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Formation, characterization and reactivity of adsorbed oxygen on BaOPt(111). Formation, characterization and reactivity of adsorbed oxygen on BaOPt(111). Abstract: The formation...

  15. The rotational order–disorder structure of the reversibly photoswitchable red fluorescent protein rsTagRFP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pletnev, Sergei, E-mail: pletnevs@mail.nih.gov [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Subach, Fedor V.; Verkhusha, Vladislav V. [Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461 (United States); Dauter, Zbigniew, E-mail: pletnevs@mail.nih.gov [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An analysis of the rotational order–disorder structure of the reversibly photoswitchable red fluorescent protein rsTagRFP is presented. The rotational order–disorder (OD) structure of the reversibly photoswitchable fluorescent protein rsTagRFP is discussed in detail. The structure is composed of tetramers of 222 symmetry incorporated into the lattice in two different orientations rotated 90° with respect to each other around the crystal c axis and with tetramer axes coinciding with the crystallographic twofold axes. The random distribution of alternatively oriented tetramers in the crystal creates the rotational OD structure with statistically averaged I422 symmetry. Despite order–disorder pathology, the structure of rsTagRFP has electron-density maps of good quality for both non-overlapping and overlapping parts of the model. The crystal contacts, crystal internal architecture and a possible mechanism of rotational OD crystal formation are discussed.

  16. General coarse-grained red blood cell models: I. Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedosov, Dmitry A; Karniadakis, George E

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a rigorous procedure to derive coarse-grained red blood cell (RBC) models, which lead to accurate mechanical properties of realistic RBCs. Based on a semi-analytic theory linear and non-linear elastic properties of the RBC membrane can be matched with those obtained in optical tweezers stretching experiments. In addition, we develop a nearly stress-free model which avoids a number of pitfalls of existing RBC models, such as non-biconcave equilibrium shape and dependence of RBC mechanical properties on the triangulation quality. The proposed RBC model is suitable for use in many existing numerical methods, such as Lattice Boltzmann, Multiparticle Collision Dynamics, Immersed Boundary, etc.

  17. General coarse-grained red blood cell models: I. Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitry A. Fedosov; Bruce Caswell; George E. Karniadakis

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a rigorous procedure to derive coarse-grained red blood cell (RBC) models, which lead to accurate mechanical properties of realistic RBCs. Based on a semi-analytic theory linear and non-linear elastic properties of the RBC membrane can be matched with those obtained in optical tweezers stretching experiments. In addition, we develop a nearly stress-free model which avoids a number of pitfalls of existing RBC models, such as non-biconcave equilibrium shape and dependence of RBC mechanical properties on the triangulation quality. The proposed RBC model is suitable for use in many existing numerical methods, such as Lattice Boltzmann, Multiparticle Collision Dynamics, Immersed Boundary, etc.

  18. The Soils of Bowie, Denton, Freestone, and Red River Counties.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1928-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (The *Fertilizer Green Book, December, 1922). The corn possibility is a convenient way of comparing amounts of various foods in the soil. For example, with the Bowie very fine sandy loam of Red River County, the corn possibility for active.... Thirty-four ty~es mere mapped, divided into seventeen series. A key to the classifi- cation of the soils is given below. The Susquehaniia very fine -sandy loam occupies 18.0 per cent of the county, the Bowie very fine sandy loam 11.5 per cent...

  19. The near-infra-red spectra of ferric acetylacetonate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owen, James Travis

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    high, smooth output in the near-infra-red region. This source, Model IG-1(A), is a coiled Tungsten filament in a Quartz jacket, Its high output is maintained throughout its life by a small amount of iodine vapor, which effectively "cleaned..." the Quartz jacket of its layer of sputtered tungsten which would be expected to lower the Lumens-per-Hatt output of a normal tungsten source, No iodine spectrum was noted, but the output of the lamp does fall off a few hours before failure, A Quartz...

  20. Earth fissures of the Red Light Bolson, Hudspeth County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrier, Michael Perry

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the laboratory techniques used during the soil analyses. Finally, I would like to thank the people of Sierra Blanca who went out of their way to make me feel welcome. A very special and heart-felt thanks goes to the family of R. Ramirez. The Ramirez household... in engineering design. Studies of the life history of individual or sets of fissures can lead to designing preemptive mitigation measures. Earth fissures are actively forming in the Red Light Bolson south of Sierra Blanca, Texas, the county seat of Hudspeth...

  1. MHK Technologies/RED HAWK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther, Oklahoma:EnergyECO Auger < MHK TechnologiesProteusRED

  2. The Spitzer Archival Far-InfraRed Extragalactic Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanish, D; Teplitz, H; Desai, V; Armus, L; Brinkworth, C; Brooke, T; Colbert, J; Edwards, L; Fadda, D; Frayer, D; Huynh, M; Lacy, M; Murphy, E; Noriega-Crespo, A; Paladini, R; Scarlata, C; Shenoy, S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the Spitzer Archival Far-InfraRed Extragalactic Survey (SAFIRES). This program produces refined mosaics and source lists for all far-infrared extragalactic data taken during the more than six years of the cryogenic operation of the Spitzer Space Telescope. The SAFIRES products consist of far-infrared data in two wavelength bands (70 um and 160 um) across approximately 180 square degrees of sky, with source lists containing far-infrared fluxes for almost 40,000 extragalactic point sources. Thus, SAFIRES provides a large, robust archival far-infrared data set suitable for many scientific goals.

  3. Overview of ''Red Oil'' Frequency Analyses for F-Canyon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lux, C.R.

    2000-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A very small potential exists in the Savannah River Site (SRS) separations operations for an uncontrolled reaction between tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP) and nitric acid that could result in unacceptable damage to separations facilities and a significant release of radioactive materials. The recent ''red oil'' (TBP and nitric acid) accident in Tomsk, Russia, resulted in considerable damage and radioactive release. Explosions have also occurred at SRS during the early years of operations. While the SRS separations facilities have operated without incident for many years, it is prudent to revisit the SRS defense-in-depth approach to preventing such an accident and to upgrade preventive procedures and hardware as appropriate.

  4. Red Bank, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap Jump to:bJumpRed Bank, New Jersey: Energy

  5. Red Cliffs Campground, Cedar City District, Utah | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015 < prevQuick Guide:U.N.June 8,Past OpportunitiesRed Cliffs

  6. City of Red Bud, Illinois (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin UrbanCity of Okolona,Plummer, IdahoCity ofRed Bud, Illinois

  7. City of Red Cloud, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin UrbanCity of Okolona,Plummer, IdahoCity ofRed Bud, IllinoisCity

  8. American Red Cross Blood Drive Hanford Health and Safety Exposition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWPAlumni Alumni PARC/I-CARES CERTIFICATE INofNuclearAmericanLeoRed

  9. Town of Red Springs, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin Hydropower Station JumpOpenEITownTown ofTownInformation Red

  10. Red Bank, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRay County,Open EnergyRecent contentRecycledRed

  11. Red River Valley Rrl Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRay County,OpenCounty, Texas:Red River Valley

  12. Red Willow County, Nebraska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRay County,OpenCounty, Texas:Red River

  13. City of Redding, California (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformation Smyrna Beach, FloridaCity ofCity of Rayne,Redding,

  14. A Generalized {ital K} Correction for Type Ia Supernovae: Comparing {ital R}-band Photometry Beyond {ital z=9.2} with B,V, and {ital R}-band Nearby Photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodbar, Ariel

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    spectroscopically peculiar supernovae, and to search for anyK Correction for Type Ia Supernovae: Comparing R-bandK Correction for Type Ia Supernovae: Comparing R-band

  15. Effect of red blood cells on platelet aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karniadakis, George E.

    This study briefly reviews the model that describes platelet behavior resulting in aggregation and thrombus formation. This is followed by an overview of the basics of the dissipative particle dynamics (DPD), the simulation ...

  16. The Occurrence of the Moody's Branch Formation at Four Surface Localities Between the Red River and the Brazos River

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitzer, Carroll Dale

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'idee D- . h - ~h. h Discorbis globule-~s inosa D~d- + d 'll E~d* l *k S~i honina jacksonensis Cushman Cushman Cushman Cushman and App'in Cushman and Applin Family Cassidulanidae Cassidulinoades hower Cushman Family Globe. ge"znadae Glob~i sp...

  17. Triplet Formation by Charge Recombination in Thin Film Blends of Perylene Red and Pyrene: Developing a Target Model for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Stokkum, Ivo

    , photovoltaic cells, field effect transistors, and light-emitting diodes. These activities are aimed at product in xerography,9 organic field-effect transistors (OFETs),3,10 organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs),11

  18. Depositional environment of lower Green River Formation sandstones (Eocene), Red Wash field (Uinta Basin), Uintah County, Utah

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClain, Anthony Scott

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) occurred. The resulting increase in water supply to Lake Uinta while sediment remained trapped in the northern basin caused a period of exceptionally high biologic activity. This allowed the deposition of the rich oil shales for which the Green River... brown, brittle shales make up the majority of this unit. Minor amounts of limestone, dolomite, and siltstone are also present. Some of the shales are "oil shales". This 440 ft ( 134 m) thick Member is responsible for most of the production from...

  19. Sedimentary processes of the Red River between Denison Dam, TX and Alexandria, LA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weirich, Thomas Moody - Kenyon

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 1. Location map of study area along the Red River. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Figure 2. Location map of reach blocked by the natural raft. . . . . . . . . 12 Figure 3. Suspended sediment concentration and volumetric flow diagram. Figure 4... and sinuosity values between Temple, AR and Alexandria, LA. Table 3. Sinuosity values of the Red River course 1892, 1938, 1983. . 62 Table 4. Sieve analysis of alluvial flood plain samples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 INTRODUCTION The Red River...

  20. Compositional changes in red and violet smoke mixes after combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchanan, M.V.; Rubin, I.B.; Moneyhun, J.H.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Anthraquinone-derived dyes are commonly used in colored dye mixes prepared for signal smoke grenades. Biological studies have shown, however, that a number of these dyes exhibit bacterial mutagenicity. In addition, these dyes are similar in structure to several polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons which are well-known carcinogens. The grenades contain not only anthraquinone-derived dyes, but also a pyrotechnic fuel and cooling and starting mixes consisting primarily of potassium chlorate and nitrate, sodium bicarbonate, and sulfur. These dyes are volatilized at temperatures up to 550/sup 0/C during the detonation of the grenade, which could subject the dyes to oxidative and pyrolytic reactions that could result in a variety of reaction by-products. As part of a program to investigate possible environmental and occupational risks of the colored smoke dyes and in signal grenades, two colored smoke mixes, red and violet, have been studied both before and after detonation to evaluate any differences in composition due to the combustion process. This report focuses primarily on the separation and identification of the components of the original and combusted red and violet smoke mixes. The conditions for the detonation of the smoke grenades and sampling of the combusted smoke mixes are also discussed.

  1. Facies analysis and petroleum potential of Smackover Formation, western and northern areas, East Texas basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hancharik, J.M.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Smackover Formation (Upper Jurassic) in northeast Texas is a transgressive-regressive carbonate sequence which has been extensively dolomitized. The Smackover Formation is subdivided informally into a lower and upper member based on distinctive lithologic characteristics. The lower member, which rests conformably on the fluvial-deltaic sandstones of the Upper Jurassic Norphlet Formation, contains a laminated, organic carbonate mudstone facies that grades into an overlying locally fossiliferous, pelletalmicritic facies. The upper member of the Smackover Formation consists mainly of broken skeletal debris and pelletal allochems in a micritic matrix. The sediments are better winnowed and better sorted upward in the sequence. Interbedded with and overlying the skeletal-pelletal facies is a clean well-sorted dolomitized oolitic-grainstone facies. This upper-most informal member marks the beginning of a progradational sequence which lasts throughout the remainder of Smackover deposition and continues through deposition of the evaporities and red beds of the overlying Buckner Formation. Most of the Smackover production in northeast Texas occurs along the Mexia-Talco fault zone in the deeper gentle salt-related anticlines and salt-graben systems. Reservoir rocks are primarily leached and dolomitized oolitic grainstones and dolomite. Laminated organic carbonate mudstones which characterize the lower, transgressive phase of the Smackover Formation provide an excellent source rock for petroleum. Exploration targets for the Smackover Formation are the areas were dolomitized oolitic and skeletal grainstones occur on top of structurally high areas such as over salt ridges or swells in the deeper portions of the basin.

  2. adsol-preserved red blood: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    clay) with human red blood cells Engineering Websites Summary: in the manufacture of oil adsorbants as fertilizer carriers, and as an additive to liquid suspensions; however,...

  3. Identification of Sites Within a Monomeric Red Fluorescent Protein that Tolerate Peptide Insertion and Testing of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Robert E.

    as dsFP583 and DsRed) has proven to be a particularly fruitful progenitor of variants with biochemical

  4. Red-white and blue baby: a case of phacomatosis pigmentovascularis type V

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrom, Lisa; Surjana, Devita; Yoong, Corinne; Zappala, Tania

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    vignette Red-white and blue baby: a case of phacomatosisextensive greyish-blue patches (dermal melanocytosis)addition, marble-like reddish- blue patches consistent with

  5. Hyperemic peripheral red marrow in a patient with sickle cell anemia demonstrated on Tc-99m labeled red blood cell venography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heiden, R.A.; Locko, R.C.; Stent, T.R. (Columbia Univ. College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY (USA))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 25-year-old gravid woman, homozygous for sickle cell anemia, with a history of recent deep venous thrombosis, was examined using Tc-99m labeled red blood cell venography for recurrent thrombosis. Although negative for thrombus, the study presented an unusual incidental finding: the patient's peripheral bone marrow was hyperemic in a distribution consistent with peripheral red bone marrow expansion. Such a pattern has not been documented before using this technique. This report supports other literature that has demonstrated hyperemia of peripheral red bone marrow in other hemolytic anemias. This finding may ultimately define an additional role of scintigraphy in assessing the pathophysiologic status of the sickle cell patient.

  6. FORMATION GESTION DU STRESS CONTEXTE, PUBLIC, FINALITE DE LA FORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    FORMATION GESTION DU STRESS CONTEXTE, PUBLIC, FINALITE DE LA FORMATION La vie moderne et le stress : mettre en place des stratégies de gestion , étudier quelques aspects essentiels de la et cas cliniques composés par les participants ou fournis par le formateur . - Jeux de rôle en sous

  7. A subsurface study of the Denkman sandstone member, Norphlet Formation, hatters Pond field, Mobile County, Alabama

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, L.M.; Anderson, E.G.; Baria, L.R. (Northeast Louisiana Univ., Monroe (USA)); Higginbotham, R.S.

    1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hatters Pond field is in east-central Mobile County in southwestern Alabama and it produces from both the Norphlet and Smackover formations. The structural trap involves salt movement along the west side of the Mobile Fault System that resulted in a faulted salt anticline. The Norphlet Formation of southwestern Alabama consists of red to gray siltstone and pinkish to gray sandstone with conglomerate layers. Three facies have been distinguished within the Norphlet Formation: a lower shale, a red siltstone sequence, and an upper quartzose unit. The thickness of the formation ranges from a feather edge to more than 800 ft (234.8 m) in southwestern Alabama. The Upper Jurassic Denkman Sandstone Member of the Norphlet Formation at Hatters Pond field is a medium- to fine-grained, well-sorted arkosic sandstone between the underlying Norphlet redbed lithofacies and the carbonates of the overlying Smackover Formation. Here, the Denkman Member can be subdivided into a massive upper unit and a low- to high-angle cross-stratified lower unit. The sandstones are quartz-rich with a high percentage of feldspars. The majority of the feldspar grains observed are potassium feldspar. Microcline is usually less altered when compared with other types of feldspar grains. The major types of feldspar replacement include illitization, hematitization, dolomitization, chloritization, calcitization, vacuolization, and anhydritization. Carbonate replacement of feldspars is very abundant, mostly by ferroan dolomite. Rock fragments are not abundant in the Denkman Member, although there is good evidence of a metamorphic/volcanic source area. The sandstones are cemented by dolomite, calcite, anhydrite, and quartz and feldspar overgrowths. The lower Denkman unit is slightly more porous than the upper Denkman unit. The pore-lining authigenic clay, illite, greatly reduces permeability and porosity in these sandstones.

  8. Star formation in the multiverse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bousso, Raphael; Leichenauer, Stefan [Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7300 (United States) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720-8162 (United States)

    2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a simple semianalytic model of the star formation rate as a function of time. We estimate the star formation rate for a wide range of values of the cosmological constant, spatial curvature, and primordial density contrast. Our model can predict such parameters in the multiverse, if the underlying theory landscape and the cosmological measure are known.

  9. Star Formation and Galaxy Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. K. C. Yee

    2000-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The dependence of star formation rate on galaxian environment is a key issue in the understanding of galaxy formation and evolution. However, the study of this subject is complex and observationally challenging. This paper reviews some of the current results, drawing mostly from recent large redshift surveys such the LCRS, the MORPH collaboration, and the CNOC1 and CNOC2 redshift surveys.

  10. Magnetic Field Geometry in "Red" and "Blue" BL Lacs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Kharb; D. C. Gabuzda; P. Shastri

    2003-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We compare the systematics of the magnetic field geometry in the "red" low-energy peaked BL Lacs (LBLs) and "blue" high-energy peaked BL Lacs (HBLs) using VLBI polarimetric images. The LBLs are primarily "radio--selected" BL Lacs and the HBLs are primarily "X-ray selected". In contrast to the LBLs, which show predominantly transverse jet magnetic fields, the HBLs show predominantly longitudinal fields. Thus, while the SED peaks of core-dominated quasars, LBLs and HBLs form a sequence of increasing frequency, the magnetic field geometry does not follow an analogous sequence. We briefly investigate possible connections between the observed parsec-scale magnetic field structures and circular polarization measurements in the literature on various spatial scales.

  11. Cosmological Constraints from the SDSS Luminous Red Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M Tegmark; D Eisenstein; M Strauss; D Weinberg; M Blanton; J Frieman; M Fukugita; J Gunn; A Hamilton; G Knapp; R Nichol; J Ostriker; N Padmanabhan; W Percival; D Schlegel; D Schneider; R Scoccimarro; U Seljak; H Seo; M Swanson; A Szalay; M Vogeley; J Yoo; I Zehavi; K Abazajian; S Anderson; J Annis; N Bahcall; B Bassett; A Berlind; J Brinkmann; T Budavari; F Castander; A Connolly; I Csabai; M Doi; D Finkbeiner; B Gillespie; K Glazebrook; G Hennessy; D Hogg; Z Ivezic; B Jain; D Johnston; S Kent; D Lamb; B Lee; H Lin; J Loveday; R Lupton; J Munn; K Pan; C Park; J Peoples; J Pier; A Pope; M Richmond; C Rockosi; R Scranton; R Sheth; A Stebbins; C Stoughton; I Szapudi; D Tucker; D Vanden Berk; B Yanny; D York

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We measure the large-scale real-space power spectrum P(k) using luminous red galaxies (LRGs) in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and use this measurement to sharpen constraints on cosmological parameters from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP). We employ a matrix-based power spectrum estimation method using Pseudo-Karhunen-Loeve eigenmodes, producing uncorrelated minimum-variance measurements in 20 k-bands of both the clustering power and its anisotropy due to redshift-space distortions, with narrow and well-behaved window functions in the range 0.01h/Mpc 0.1h/Mpc and associated nonlinear complications, yet agree well with more aggressive published analyses where nonlinear modeling is crucial.

  12. Continuum and line emission of flares on red dwarf stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morchenko, Egor; Livshits, Moisey

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The emission spectrum has been calculated of a homogeneous pure hydrogen layer, which parameters are typical for a flare on a red dwarf. The ionization and excitation states were determined by the solution of steady-state equations taking into account the continuum and all discrete hydrogen levels. We consider the following elementary processes: electron-impact transitions, spontaneous and induced radiative transitions, and ionization by the bremsstrahlung and recombination radiation of the layer itself. The Biberman--Holstein approximation was used to calculate the scattering of line radiation. Asymptotic formulae for the escape probability are obtained for a symmetric line profile taking into account the Stark and Doppler effects. The approximation for the core of the H$-\\alpha$ line by a gaussian curve has been substantiated. The spectral intensity of the continuous spectrum, the intensity of the lines of the Balmer series and the magnitude of the Balmer jump have been calculated. The conditions have been ...

  13. Rheology of dilute suspensions of vesicles and red blood cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria Vitkova; Maud-Alix Mader; Chaouqi Misbah; Thomas Podgorski

    2007-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We present rheology experiments on dilute solutions of vesicles and red blood cells (RBC). Varying the viscosity ratio $\\lambda$ between internal and external fluids, the microscopic dynamics of suspended objects can be qualitatively changed from tank-treading ($tt$) to tumbling ($tb$). We find that in the tt regime the viscosity $\\eta$, decreases when $\\lambda$ increases, in contrast with droplet emulsions and elastic capsule theories which are sometimes invoked to model RBC dynamics. At a critical $\\lambda$ (close to the tt-tb transition) $\\eta$ exhibits a minimum before it increases in the tb regime. This is consistent with a recent theory for vesicles. This points to the nontrivial fact that the cytoskeleton in RBC does not alter the qualitative evolution of $\\eta$ and that, as far as rheology is concerned, vesicle models might be a better description.

  14. Formation depths of Fraunhofer lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurtovenko, E A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have summed up our investigations performed in 1970--1993. The main task of this paper is clearly to show processes of formation of spectral lines as well as their distinction by validity and by location. For 503 photospheric lines of various chemical elements in the wavelength range 300--1000 nm we list in Table the average formation depths of the line depression and the line emission for the line centre and on the half-width of the line, the average formation depths of the continuum emission as well as the effective widths of the layer of the line depression formation. Dependence of average depths of line depression formation on excitation potential, equivalent widths, and central line depth are demonstrated by iron lines.

  15. MAGNESIUM ISOTOPE RATIOS IN {omega} CENTAURI RED GIANTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Da Costa, G. S.; Norris, John E.; Yong, David [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We have used the high-resolution observations obtained at the Anglo-Australian Telescope with Ultra-High Resolution Facility (R {approx} 100,000) and at Gemini-S with b-HROS (R {approx} 150,000) to determine magnesium isotope ratios for seven {omega} Cen red giants that cover a range in iron abundance from [Fe/H] = -1.78 to -0.78 dex, and for two red giants in M4 (NGC 6121). The {omega} Cen stars sample both the ''primordial'' (i.e., O-rich, Na- and Al-poor) and the ''extreme'' (O-depleted, Na- and Al-rich) populations in the cluster. The primordial population stars in both {omega} Cen and M4 show ({sup 25}Mg, {sup 26}Mg)/{sup 24}Mg isotopic ratios that are consistent with those found for the primordial population in other globular clusters with similar [Fe/H] values. The isotopic ratios for the {omega} Cen extreme stars are also consistent with those for extreme population stars in other clusters. The results for the extreme population stars studied indicate that the {sup 26}Mg/{sup 24}Mg ratio is highest at intermediate metallicities ([Fe/H] < -1.4 dex), and for the highest [Al/Fe] values. Further, the relative abundance of {sup 26}Mg in the extreme population stars is notably higher than that of {sup 25}Mg, in contrast to model predictions. The {sup 25}Mg/{sup 24}Mg isotopic ratio in fact does not show any obvious dependence on either [Fe/H] or [Al/Fe] nor, intriguingly, any obvious difference between the primordial and extreme population stars.

  16. INTRODUCTION Red wood ants play an important role in the ecology of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Len

    INTRODUCTION Red wood ants play an important role in the ecology of woodland ecosystems by virtue the ecological impor- tance of red wood ants (Gösswald, 1989) and the conser- vation concern for some species.borkin@clear.net.nz 2 Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Etive House, Beechwood Park, Inverness, IV2 3BW, UK; e

  17. On Bitcoin and Red Balloons Moshe Babaioff, Microsoft Research, Silicon Valley.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiat, Amos

    X On Bitcoin and Red Balloons Moshe Babaioff, Microsoft Research, Silicon Valley. moshe (finding red balloons). We focus on another prominent scenario: Bitcoin, a decentralized electronic currency system. Bitcoin represents a radical new approach to monetary systems. It has been getting a large

  18. Identification of heat source fields from infra-red thermography: Determination of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Identification of heat source fields from infra-red thermography: Determination of `self-heating;Identification of heat source fields from infra-red thermography: Determination of `self-heating' in a dual this goal, and its application to an experimental case of self-heating at a single load level is shown

  19. Euler buckling-induced folding and rotation of red blood cells in an optical trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Shobhona

    Euler buckling-induced folding and rotation of red blood cells in an optical trap A Ghosha 005, India Abstract. We investigate the physics of an optically-driven micromotor of biological origin. When a single, live red blood cell is placed in an optical trap, the normal biconcave disk shape

  20. CHANGES IN QUANTUM YIELD OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN THE RED ALGA Porphyridium cruentum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee

    CHANGES IN QUANTUM YIELD OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN THE RED ALGA Porphyridium cruentum CAUSED BY STEPWISE From the Photosynthesis Research Laboratory, Botany Department, University of Illinois, Urbana. Dr of photosynthesis in the red alga Porphyridium cruentum, and the spectral compo- sition of light, changed

  1. Kit for the selective labeling of red blood cells in whole blood with .sup.9 TC

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Suresh C. (Setauket, NY); Babich, John W. (Redhill Surrey, GB2); Straub, Rita (Brookhaven, NY); Richards, Powell (New Bern, NC)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed herein are a method and kit for the preparation of .sup.99m Tc labeled red blood cells using whole blood in a closed sterile system containing stannous tin in a form such that it will enter the red blood cells and be available therein for reduction of technetium.

  2. REACU V. 1.1 07/02/2011 Red Espaola de Agencias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraguela, Basilio B.

    REACU V. 1.1 ­ 07/02/2011 REACU Red Española de Agencias de Calidad Universitaria Evaluación para.1 - 07/02/2011 REACU Red Española de Agencias de Calidad Universitaria INTRODUCCIÓN El Real Decreto 861 criterios y estándares de calidad establecidos por la Comisión Europea mediante la superación de una

  3. Regulation of Thyrotropin mRNA Expression in Red Drum, Sciaenops ocellatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Richard Alan

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    , circulates with a robust daily rhythm in the sciaenid fish, red drum. Previous research has suggested that the red drum T? cycle is circadian in nature, driven by TSH secretion in the early photophase and inhibited by T? feedback in the early scotophase...

  4. Kit for the selective labeling of red blood cells in whole blood with [sup 99]Tc

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Srivastava, S.C.; Babich, J.W.; Straub, R.; Richards, P.

    1992-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed herein are a method and kit for the preparation of [sup 99m]Tc labeled red blood cells using whole blood in a closed sterile system containing stannous tin in a form such that it will enter the red blood cells and be available therein for reduction of technetium. No Drawings

  5. Bright red electroluminescent devices using novel second-ligand-contained europium complexes as emitting layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yanyi

    Bright red electroluminescent devices using novel second-ligand- contained europium complexes) and 1-ethyl-2-(2-pyridyl)benzimidazole (EPBM), two europium complexes, Eu(DBM)3HPBM and Eu(DBM)3EPBM/TPD/Eu(DBM)3EPBM/AlQ/Al emit red light originating from the europium complexes. The EL luminance of Eu(DBM)3

  6. DESERT PAVEMENTS AND SOILS ON BASALTIC PYROCLASTIC DEPOSITS AT LATHROP WELLS AND RED CONE VOLCANOES, SOUTHERN NEVADA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G.A. Valentine; C.D. Harrington

    2005-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Formation of desert pavement and accretionary soils are intimately linked in arid environments such as the Mojave Desert. Well-sorted fallout scoria lapilli at Lathrop Wells (75-80 ky) and Red Cone ({approx}1 Ma) volcanoes (southern Nevada) formed an excellent starting material for pavement, allowing infiltration of eolian silt and fine sand that first clogs the pore space of underlying tephra and then aggrades and develops vesicular A (Av) horizons. Variations in original pyroclast sizes provide insight into minimum and maximum clast sizes that promote pavement and soil formation: pavement becomes ineffective when clasts can saltate under the strongest winds, while clasts larger than coarse lapilli are unable to form an interlocking pavement that promotes silt accumulation (necessary for Av development). Contrary to predictions that all pavements above altitudes of {approx}400 m would have been ''reset'' in their development after late Pleistocene vegetation advances (about 15 ka), the soils and pavements show clear differences in maturity between the two volcanoes. This indicates that either the pavement soils develop slowly over many 10,000's of years and then are very stable, or that, if they are disrupted by vegetation advances, subsequent pavements are reestablished with successively more mature characteristics.

  7. Some Constraints On the Effects of Age and Metallicity on the Low Mass X-ray Binary Formation Rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arunav Kundu; Thomas J. Maccarone; Stephen E. Zepf; Thomas H. Puzia

    2003-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied the low mass X-ray binary (LMXB) populations within and outside globular clusters (GC) in NGC 4365 and NGC 3115. Using published age and metallicity constraints from optical and IR observations of their GCs, we do not find any evidence for an increase in the LMXB formation rate in the intermediate age cluster population of NGC 4365, as has been proposed in some scenarios of dynamical LMXB formation in GCs. The old, metal-rich, red population of GCs in NGC 3115 on the other hand is {\\it at least} three times as efficient at creating LMXBs as the old, metal-poor, blue clusters. These data suggest that the higher formation efficiency of LMXBs in the red GC subsystems of many galaxies is largely a consequence of their higher metallicity. A comparison of the densities of field LMXBs in different galaxies does not reveal an obvious correlation with the age of the field stars as predicted by models in which the LMXB formation rate in the field drops monotonically with time after an initial burst. This suggests that either a significant fraction of the field LMXBs are created in GCs and subsequently injected into the field, or the LMXB formation rate has a more complex time evolution pattern.

  8. Treating tar sands formations with karsted zones

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX)

    2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for treating a tar sands formation are described herein. The tar sands formation may have one or more karsted zones. Methods may include providing heat from one or more heaters to one or more karsted zones of the tar sands formation to mobilize fluids in the formation. At least some of the mobilized fluids may be produced from the formation.

  9. Policy Experimentation and the Search for Institutional Change: The Politics of Red-Green Reform in Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziegler, J. Nicholas; Leslie, John C.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the first four years of Germany first Red-Green coalition.OF RED-GREEN REFORM IN GERMANY June 2006 J. Nicholas Zieglercoalition government in Germany between Social Democrats and

  10. An early Miocene age for a high-temperature event in gneisses from Zabargad Island (Red Sea, Egypt): mantle diapirism?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    An early Miocene age for a high-temperature event in gneisses from Zabargad Island (Red Sea, Egypt outcropping on Zabargad Island (Red Sea, Egypt). This island, though of limited size (& 4 km2 ), has an almost

  11. ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, Near-InfraRed channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Flynn, Connor

    Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, Near-InfraRed channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

  12. ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, Near-InfraRed channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Flynn, Connor

    Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, Near-InfraRed channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

  13. JURO Application Editing Sample Please edit the following passage for style and content. Make edits in red or blue ink.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    in red or blue ink. American citizens eat unhealthily all the time. America increasing rely on foreign

  14. Use-driven concept formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Jennifer M. (Jennifer Marie)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When faced with a complex task, humans often identify domain-specific concepts that make the task more tractable. In this thesis, I investigate the formation of domain-specific concepts of this sort. I propose a set of ...

  15. Origin of the high sensitivity of Chinese red clay soils to drought: significance of the clay characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Origin of the high sensitivity of Chinese red clay soils to drought: significance of the clay d'Ulm 75230, Paris, France *Corresponding author: Ary.Bruand@univ-orleans.fr Abstract The red clay but the origin of this high sensitivity to drought remains unclear. Several red clay soils were selected

  16. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation into the Red Listed Material: Pressure Treated Wood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    into the Red Listed Material: Pressure Treated Wood (Preservative Infused) and Possible Alternatives Abby Yuen of a project/report". #12;APSC 261 An Investigation into the Red Listed Material: Pressure Treated Wood. Pressure treated wood, a commonly used building material in British Columbia, is a red-listed material

  17. Spectroscopic Study on the Beryllium Abundances of Red Giant Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takeda, Yoichi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An extensive spectroscopic study was carried out for the beryllium abundances of 200 red giants (mostly of late G and early K type), which were determined from the near-UV Be II 3131.066 line based on high-dispersion spectra obtained by Subaru/HDS, with an aim of investigating the nature of surface Be contents in these evolved giants; e.g., dependence upon stellar parameters, degree of peculiarity along with its origin and build-up timing. We found that Be is considerably deficient (to widely different degree from star to star) in the photosphere of these evolved giants by ~1-3 dex (or more) compared to the initial abundance. While the resulting Be abundances (A(Be)) appear to weakly depend upon T_eff, log g, [Fe/H], M, age, and v_sin i, this may be attributed to the metallicity dependence of A(Be) coupled with the mutual correlation between these stellar parameters, since such tendencies almost disappear in the metallicity-scaled Be abundance ([Be/Fe]). By comparing the Be abundances (as well as their correl...

  18. The Photophysics of the Carrier of Extended Red Emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy L. Smith; Adolf N. Witt

    2001-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Interstellar dust contains a component which reveals its presence by emitting a broad, unstructured band of light in the 540 to 950 nm wavelength range, referred to as Extended Red Emission (ERE). The presence of interstellar dust and ultraviolet photons are two necessary conditions for ERE to occur. This is the basis for suggestions which attribute ERE to an interstellar dust component capable of photoluminescence. In this study, we have collected all published ERE observations with absolute-calibrated spectra for interstellar environments, where the density of ultraviolet photons can be estimated reliably. In each case, we determined the band-integrated ERE intensity, the wavelength of peak emission in the ERE band, and the efficiency with which absorbed ultraviolet photons are contributing to the ERE. The data show that radiation is not only driving the ERE, as expected for a photoluminescence process, but is modifying the ERE carrier as manifested by a systematic increase in the ERE band's peak wavelength and a general decrease in the photon conversion efficiency with increasing densities of the prevailing exciting radiation. The overall spectral characteristics of the ERE and the observed high quantum efficiency of the ERE process are currently best matched by the recently proposed silicon nanoparticle (SNP) model. Using the experimentally established fact that ionization of semiconductor nanoparticles quenches their photoluminescence, we proceeded to test the SNP model by developing a quantitative model for the excitation and ionization equilibrium of SNPs under interstellar conditions for a wide range of radiation field densities.

  19. Dynamic Modes of Red Blood Cells in Oscillatory Shear Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroshi Noguchi

    2010-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamics of red blood cells (RBCs) in oscillatory shear flow was studied using differential equations of three variables: a shape parameter, the inclination angle $\\theta$, and phase angle $\\phi$ of the membrane rotation. In steady shear flow, three types of dynamics occur depending on the shear rate and viscosity ratio. i) tank-treading (TT): $\\phi$ rotates while the shape and $\\theta$ oscillate. ii) tumbling (TB): $\\theta$ rotates while the shape and $\\phi$ oscillate. iii) intermediate motion: both $\\phi$ and $\\theta$ rotate synchronously or intermittently. In oscillatory shear flow, RBCs show various dynamics based on these three motions. For a low shear frequency with zero mean shear rate, a limit-cycle oscillation occurs, based on the TT or TB rotation at a high or low shear amplitude, respectively. This TT-based oscillation well explains recent experiments. In the middle shear amplitude, RBCs show an intermittent or synchronized oscillation. As shear frequency increases, the vesicle oscillation becomes delayed with respect to the shear oscillation. At a high frequency, multiple limit-cycle oscillations coexist. For a high mean shear rate with small shear oscillation, the shape and $\\theta$ oscillate in the TT motion but only one attractor exists even at high shear frequencies. The measurement of these oscillatory modes is a promising tool for quantifying the viscoelasticity of RBCs and synthetic capsules.

  20. YELLOW AND RED SUPERGIANTS IN THE LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neugent, Kathryn F.; Massey, Philip; Skiff, Brian [Lowell Observatory, 1400 W Mars Hill Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States); Meynet, Georges, E-mail: kneugent@lowell.edu, E-mail: phil.massey@lowell.edu, E-mail: bas@lowell.edu, E-mail: georges.meynet@unige.ch [Geneva Observatory, Geneva University, CH-1290 Versoix (Switzerland)

    2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to their transitionary nature, yellow supergiants (YSGs) provide a critical challenge for evolutionary modeling. Previous studies within M31 and the Small Magellanic Cloud show that the Geneva evolutionary models do a poor job at predicting the lifetimes of these short-lived stars. Here, we extend this study to the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) while also investigating the galaxy's red supergiant (RSG) content. This task is complicated by contamination by Galactic foreground stars that color and magnitude criteria alone cannot weed out. Therefore, we use proper-motions and the LMC's large systemic radial velocity ({approx}278 km s{sup -1}) to separate out these foreground dwarfs. After observing nearly 2000 stars, we identified 317 probable YSGs, 6 possible YSGs, and 505 probable RSGs. Foreground contamination of our YSG sample was {approx}80%, while that of the RSG sample was only 3%. By placing the YSGs on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram and comparing them against the evolutionary tracks, we find that new Geneva evolutionary models do an exemplary job at predicting both the locations and the lifetimes of these transitory objects.

  1. The Unidentified InfraRed Features after ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Peeters; L. J. Allamandola; D. M. Hudgins; S. Hony; A. G. G. M. Tielens

    2003-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) has provided the first complete mid-IR spectra for a wide range of objects. Almost all of these spectra are dominated by the well-known infrared emission features at 3.3, 6.2, 7.7, and 11.2 $\\mu$m, the so-called Unidentified Infra-Red (UIR) features. Besides the major features, there is an array of minor features and broad plateaux stretching from 3 to 20 $\\mu$m which reveal subtle details of conditions in the emission zones and properties of the carriers. Generally attributed to the vibrational relaxation of UV-pumped Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon molecules (PAHs) containing some 50--100 C-atoms, these UIR spectra are a treasure trove of information. The ISO spectra have, for the first time, allowed a systematic analysis of the spectral characteristics of the UIR features in a wide variety of environments. The peak positions, profiles, and relative strengths of the major features vary from source to source and spatially within sources. These specific profiles are not unique to certain object types but can occur within each individual source. Here, we review ISO and recent ground-based observations and assess some of their implications.

  2. THE FORMATION OF IRIS DIAGNOSTICS. II. THE FORMATION OF THE Mg II h and k LINES IN THE SOLAR ATMOSPHERE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leenaarts, J.; Pereira, T. M. D.; Carlsson, M.; De Pontieu, B. [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, NO-0315 Oslo (Norway); Uitenbroek, H., E-mail: jorritl@astro.uio.no, E-mail: tiago.pereira@astro.uio.no, E-mail: mats.carlsson@astro.uio.no, E-mail: bdp@lmsal.com, E-mail: huitenbroek@nso.edu [NSO/Sacramento Peak P.O. Box 62 Sunspot, NM 88349-0062 (United States)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NASA's Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) small explorer mission will study how the solar atmosphere is energized. IRIS contains an imaging spectrograph that covers the Mg II h and k lines as well as a slit-jaw imager centered at Mg II k. Understanding the observations requires forward modeling of Mg II h and k line formation from three-dimensional (3D) radiation-magnetohydrodynamic (RMHD) models. This paper is the second in a series where we undertake this modeling. We compute the vertically emergent h and k intensity from a snapshot of a dynamic 3D RMHD model of the solar atmosphere, and investigate which diagnostic information about the atmosphere is contained in the synthetic line profiles. We find that the Doppler shift of the central line depression correlates strongly with the vertical velocity at optical depth unity, which is typically located less than 200 km below the transition region (TR). By combining the Doppler shifts of the h and k lines we can retrieve the sign of the velocity gradient just below the TR. The intensity in the central line depression is anti-correlated with the formation height, especially in subfields of a few square Mm. This intensity could thus be used to measure the spatial variation of the height of the TR. The intensity in the line-core emission peaks correlates with the temperature at its formation height, especially for strong emission peaks. The peaks can thus be exploited as a temperature diagnostic. The wavelength difference between the blue and red peaks provides a diagnostic of the velocity gradients in the upper chromosphere. The intensity ratio of the blue and red peaks correlates strongly with the average velocity in the upper chromosphere. We conclude that the Mg II h and k lines are excellent probes of the very upper chromosphere just below the TR, a height regime that is impossible to probe with other spectral lines. They also provide decent temperature and velocity diagnostics of the middle chromosphere.

  3. Ice Formation in Gas-Diffusion Layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dursch, Thomas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the University of California. Ice Formation in Gas-Diffusionsub-freezing conditions, ice forms in the gas-diffusionstrategies exist to prevent ice formation, there is little

  4. REGULATORY COOPERATION COUNCIL - WORK PLANNING FORMAT: Natural...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    FORMAT: Natural Gas Use in Transportation REGULATORY COOPERATION COUNCIL - WORK PLANNING FORMAT: Natural Gas Use in Transportation RCC Workplan NGV.PDF More Documents &...

  5. Defect Mass in Gravitational Field and Red Shift of Atomic and Nuclear Radiation Spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kh. M. Beshtoev

    2000-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown, that radiation spectrum of atoms (or nuclei) in the gravitational field has a red shift since the effective mass of radiating electrons (or nucleons) changes in this field. This red shift is equal to the red shift of radiation spectrum in the gravitational field measured in existence experiments. The same shift must arise when the photon (or $ \\gamma $ quantum) is passing through the gravitational field if it participates in gravitational interactions (photon has no rest mass). The absence of the double effect in the experiments, probably, means that photons (or $ \\gamma $ quanta) are passing through the gravitational field without interactions.

  6. Method for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells by flushing with inert gas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bitensky, M.W.; Yoshida, Tatsuro

    1997-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is disclosed using oxygen removal for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells. A cost-effective, 4 C storage procedure that preserves red cell quality and prolongs post-transfusion in vivo survival is described. Preservation of adenosine triphosphate levels and reduction in hemolysis and in membrane vesicle production of red blood cells stored at 4 C for prolonged periods of time is achieved by removing oxygen from the red blood cells at the time of storage; in particular, by flushing with an inert gas. Adenosine triphosphate levels of the stored red blood cells are boosted in some samples by addition of ammonium phosphate. 4 figs.

  7. Where the Blue Stragglers Roam: Searching for a Link Between Formation and Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathan Leigh; Alison Sills; Christian Knigge

    2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The formation of blue stragglers is still not completely understood, particularly the relationship between formation environment and mechanism. We use a large, homogeneous sample of blue stragglers in the cores of 57 globular clusters to investigate the relationships between blue straggler populations and their environments. We use a consistent definition of "blue straggler" based on position in the color-magnitude diagram, and normalize the population relative to the number of red giant branch stars in the core. We find that the previously determined anti-correlation between blue straggler frequency and total cluster mass is present in the purely core population. We find some weak correlations with central velocity dispersion and with half-mass relaxation time. The blue straggler frequency does not show any trend with any other cluster parameter. Even though collisions may be expected to be a dominant blue straggler formation process in globular cluster cores, we find no correlation between the frequency of blue stragglers and the collision rate in the core. We also investigated the blue straggler luminosity function shape, and found no relationship between any cluster parameter and the distribution of blue stragglers in the color-magnitude diagram. Our results are inconsistent with some recent models of blue straggler formation that include collisional formation mechanisms, and may suggest that almost all observed blue stragglers are formed in binary systems.

  8. Multiscale Modeling of Red Blood Cell Mechanics and Blood Flow in Malaria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedosov, Dmitry A.

    Red blood cells (RBCs) infected by a Plasmodium parasite in malaria may lose their membrane deformability with a relative membrane stiffening more than ten-fold in comparison with healthy RBCs leading to potential capillary ...

  9. Quantifying the biophysical characteristics of Plasmodium-falciparum- parasitized red blood cells in microcirculation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedosov, D. A.

    The pathogenicity of Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) malaria results from the stiffening of red blood cells (RBCs) and its ability to adhere to endothelial cells (cytoadherence). The dynamics of Pf-parasitized RBCs is studied ...

  10. Radial Velocity Curves of Ellipsoidal Red Giant Binaries in the Large Magellanic Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nie, J D

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ellipsoidal red giant binaries are close binary systems where an unseen, relatively close companion distorts the red giant, leading to light variations as the red giant moves around its orbit. These binaries are likely to be the immediate evolutionary precursors of close binary planetary nebula and post-asymptotic giant branch and post-red giant branch stars. Due to the MACHO and OGLE photometric monitoring projects, the light variability nature of these ellipsoidal variables has been well studied. However, due to the lack of radial velocity curves, the nature of their masses, separations, and other orbital details has so far remained largely unknown. In order to improve this situation, we have carried out spectral monitoring observations of a large sample of 80 ellipsoidal variables in the Large Magellanic Cloud and we have derived radial velocity curves. At least 12 radial velocity points with good quality were obtained for most of the ellipsoidal variables. The radial velocity data are provided with this p...

  11. Combined Simulation and Experimental Study of Large Deformation of Red Blood Cells in Microfluidic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, David J.

    We investigate the biophysical characteristics of healthy human red blood cells (RBCs) traversing microfluidic channels with cross-sectional areas as small as 2.7 × 3 ?m. We combine single RBC optical tweezers and flow ...

  12. The Ratchet and the Red Queen: the maintenance of sex in parasites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Stephen

    The Ratchet and the Red Queen: the maintenance of sex in parasites R. S. HOWARD* & C. M. LIVELY for the stochastic accumulation of mutations in the finite parasite populations (Muller's Ratchet). We found that

  13. Homeostasis and volume regulation in the Plasmodium falciparum infected red blood cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauritz, Jakob Martin Andreas

    2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    enabled individual cells to be trapped and manipulated optomechanically in microfluidic channels. Combined, these methods offered a unique insight into the homeostatic and rheological behaviour of malaria-infected red cells. The results were analysed...

  14. In Vivo Volume and Hemoglobin Dynamics of Human Red Blood Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malka, Roy

    Human red blood cells (RBCs) lose ~30% of their volume and ~20% of their hemoglobin (Hb) content during their ~100-day lifespan in the bloodstream. These observations are well-documented, but the mechanisms for these volume ...

  15. Microsoft Word - CX-Franklin-BadgerCanyonGrandview-RedMtnsDisconnectSw...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    8, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Franklin-Badger Canyon and Grandview-Red...

  16. Characteristics of warm season precipitating storms in the Arkansas–Red River basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tucker, Donna F.; Li, Xingong

    2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    [1] Analysis of a multisensor precipitation product enables us to extract the precipitation from individual storms in the Arkansas–Red River drainage basin over a period of 11 years. We examine the year-to-year and ...

  17. redMaPPer IV: Photometric Membership Identification of Cluster Galaxies with 1% Precision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rozo, Eduardo; Becker, Matthew; Reddick, Rachel M; Wechsler, Risa H

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to study the galaxy population of galaxy clusters with photometric data one must be able to accurately discriminate between cluster members and non-members. The redMaPPer cluster finding algorithm treats this problem probabilistically. Here, we utilize SDSS and GAMA spectroscopic membership rates to validate the redMaPPer membership probability estimates for clusters with $z\\in[0.1,0.3]$. We find small - but correctable - biases, sourced by three different systematics. The first two were expected a priori, namely blue cluster galaxies and correlated structure along the line of sight. The third systematic is new: the redMaPPer template fitting exhibits a non-trivial dependence on photometric noise, which biases the original redMaPPer probabilities when utilizing noisy data. After correcting for these effects, we find exquisite agreement ($\\approx 1\\%$) between the photometric probability estimates and the spectroscopic membership rates, demonstrating that we can robustly recover cluster membership est...

  18. Interaction of temperature, dissolved oxygen and feed energy on ecophysiological performance of juvenile red drum 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontaine, Lance Pierre

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) is important for recreational fishing and aquacultural production in Texas' coastal waters and elsewhere in the nearshore Gulf of Mexico and in subtemperate to subtropical areas of the ...

  19. Study of Midgut Bacteria in the Red Imported Fire Ant, Solenopsis invicta Büren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medina, Freder

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    that manipulate insect reproduction, development and even provide defense against parasitoids and pathogens. In this study we investigated the presence of bacteria inside the Red Imported Fire Ant midgut using molecular tools and transmission electron microscopy...

  20. The relevance of red blood cell deformability in the pathophysiology of blood disorders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Sha, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Red blood cells (RBCs) play a crucial role in delivering oxygen to the body tissues. During the 120 days of their lifespan, average RBCs would circulate for approximately 500,000 times and undergo repeated deformations in ...

  1. Red River Stream Improvement Final Design Nez Perce National Forest.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watershed Consulting, LLC

    2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report details the final stream improvement design along the reach of Red River between the bridge below Dawson Creek, upstream for approximately 2 miles, Idaho County, Idaho. Geomorphic mapping, hydrologic profiles and cross-sections were presented along with existing fish habitat maps in the conceptual design report. This information is used to develop a stream improvement design intended to improve aquatic habitat and restore riparian health in the reach. The area was placer mined using large bucket dredges between 1938 and 1957. This activity removed most of the riparian vegetation in the stream corridor and obliterated the channel bed and banks. The reach was also cut-off from most valley margin tributaries. In the 50 years since large-scale dredging ceased, the channel has been re-established and parts of the riparian zone have grown in. However, the recruitment of large woody debris to the stream has been extremely low and overhead cover is poor. Pool habitat makes up more than 37% of the reach, and habitat diversity is much better than the project reach on Crooked River. There is little large woody debris in the stream to provide cover for spawning and juvenile rearing, because the majority of the woody debris does not span a significant part of the channel, but is mainly on the side slopes of the stream. Most of the riparian zone has very little soil or subsoil left after the mining and so now consists primarily of unconsolidated cobble tailings or heavily compacted gravel tailings. Knapweed and lodgepole pine are the most successful colonizers of these post mining landforms. Tributary fans which add complexity to many other streams in the region, have been isolated from the main reach due to placer mining and road building.

  2. RED TERICA, EVOLUCIN TERICA Y HOLONES EN ARQUEOLOGA Autor: Magster. Mara Virginia Ferro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 RED TE�RICA, EVOLUCI�N TE�RICA Y HOLONES EN ARQUEOLOGÍA Autor: Magster. María Virginia Ferro desde conceptos de evolución teórica, redes teóricas y holones en el desarrollo de la arqueología. Primera Parte: Evolución y red teórica; holones desde metateoría. Siguiendo a Balzer, Moulines y Sneed

  3. Evaluation of glufosinate for the control of red rice (Oryza sativa) in commercial rice (Oryza sativa) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hessler, Melanie Dawn

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EVALUATION OF GLUFOSINATK FOR THE CONTROL OF RED RICE (Orna sativa) IN COMMERCIAL RICK (Oryta sativa) A Thesis by MELANIE DAWN HESSLER Submitted to the OIIice of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1999 Major Subject; Agronomy EVALUATION OF GLUFOSINATE FOR THE CONTROL OF RED RICK (Oryza siva) IN COMMERCIAL RICK (Orna su&a) A Thesis by MELANIE DAWN HESSLER Submitted to the Ofiice of Graduate...

  4. A Preliminary Microsatellite Linkage Map of the Red Drum (Sciaenops ocellatus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollenbeck, Christopher

    2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A PRELIMINARY MICROSATELLITE LINKAGE MAP OF THE RED DRUM (SCIAENOPS OCELLATUS) Major: Biology April 2009 Submitted to the Office of Undergraduate Research Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by CHRISTOPHER M. HOLLENBECK A PRELIMINARY MICROSATELLITE LINKAGE MAP OF THE RED DRUM (SCIAENOPS OCELLATUS) Approved by: Research Advisor: John R. Gold Associate...

  5. The effects of selected sound pressure levels on the color discrimination of red, yellow, and green

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Raymond Bruce

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECTS OF SELECTED SOUND PRESSURE LEVELS ON THE COLOR DISCRIMINATION OF RED, YELLOW AND GREEN A Thesis by RAYMOND BRUCE STONE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AB, M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1972 Major Subject: Industrial Safety THE EFFECTS OF SELECTED SOUND PRESSURE LEVELS ON THE COLOR DISCRIMINATION OF RED, YELLOW AND GREEN A Thesis by RAYMOND BRUCE STONE Approved as to style and content by: C...

  6. Identification and evaluation of volatile compounds associated with vacuum and modified atmosphere packaged fresh red meats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Timothy Court

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IDENTIFICATION AND EVALUATION OF VOLATILE COMPOUNDS ASSOCIATED WITH VACUUM AND MODIFIED ATMOSPHERE PACKAGED FRESH RED MEATS A Thesis by TIMOTHY COURT JACKSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1989 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology IDENTIFICATION AND EVALUATION OF VOLATILE COMPOUNDS ASSOCIATED WITH VACUUM AND MODIFIED ATMOSPHERE PACKAGED FRESH RED MEATS A...

  7. Blood pressure and red blood cell magnesium, potassium, and calcium responses to dietary fats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrman, Noreen Elaine

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Nutrition BLOOD PRESSURE AND RED BLOOD CELL MAGNESIUM, POTASSIUM, AND CALCIUM RESPONSES TO DIETARY FATS A Thesis by NOREEN ELAINE WEHRMAN Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial.... Edwards (Head of Department) August 1993 Major Subject: Nutrition ABSTRACT Blood Pressure and Red Blood Cell Magnesium, Potassium, and Calcium Responses to Dietary Fats, (August 1993) Noreen Elaine Wehrman, B. S. , Pennsylvania State University...

  8. Blueshift Without Blueshift: Red Hole Gamma-Ray Burst Models Explain the Peak energy Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James S. Graber

    1999-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Gamma-ray bursts are still a puzzle. In particular, the central engine, the total energy and the very narrow distribution of peak energies challenge model builders. We consider here an extreme model of gamma-ray bursts based on highly red- and blue-shifted positron annihilation radiation. The burst emerges from inside the red hole created by the complete gravitational collapse of the GRB progenitor.

  9. South Mississippi's Hosston, Sligo formations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hosston and Sligo formations, of Early Cretaceous age, lie above the Cotton Valley group and below the Pine Island formation. The beds dip southwesterly and become thicker within the Mississippi Interior Salt basin, where virtually all of the Hosston/Sligo oil and gas production occurs. The 3500 ft of alternating sands and shales found at 10,000-17,000 ft depths have the attributes of fluvial deltaic sediments. The Newsom, Bowie Creek, and Seminary fields are representative of recent gas discoveries in the Hosston/Sligo.

  10. Increased phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu) receptor function associated with sickle red cell membrane ghosts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramachandran, M.; Nair, C.N.; Abraham, E.C.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The biological receptor for tumor-promoting phorbol esters has been identified as the CaS /phospholipid dependent enzyme, protein kinase C. In the red cell, this enzyme is mainly cytosolic but becomes translocated to the membrane if the cellular CaS is allowed to rise. Since cellular CaS in sickle red cells is high, it was reasoned that this enzyme may become more membrane-bound. In fact, the authors noticed a four-fold increase in the binding of TH-PDBu by membrane ghosts isolated from sickle red cells compared to normal red cells (pmoles PDBu bound/mg protein; normal = 0.3 vs sickle cell = 1.4). Attempts to assay the enzyme directly as phospholipid-activated TSP incorporation into the acid-precipitable membrane proteins also indicated a two-fold increase in the radiolabelling of sickle cell membrane ghosts. Autophosphorylation of membrane proteins and analysis of the phosphorylation profile by SDS-PAGE and autoradiography revealed phosphorylation predominantly of bands 3, 4.1 and 4.9 which are known protein kinase C substrates for the red cell enzyme. The increased membrane-associated protein kinase C in sickle red cells may have a bearing on the altered membrane properties reported in this condition.

  11. Method of fracturing a geological formation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, James O. (2679-B Walnut, Los Alamos, NM 87544)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved method of fracturing a geological formation surrounding a well bore is disclosed. A relatively small explosive charge is emplaced in a well bore and the bore is subsequently hydraulically pressurized to a pressure less than the formation breakdown pressure and preferably greater than the fracture propagation pressure of the formation. The charge is denoted while the bore is so pressurized, resulting in the formation of multiple fractures in the surrounding formation with little or no accompanying formation damage. Subsequent hydraulic pressurization can be used to propagate and extend the fractures in a conventional manner. The method is useful for stimulating production of oil, gas and possibly water from suitable geologic formations.

  12. Star Formation and AGN activity in Galaxies classified using the 1.6 {\\mu}m Bump and PAH features at $z = 0.4-2$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanami, Hitoshi; Fujishiro, Naofumi; Nakanishi, Kouichiro; Miyaji, Takamitsu; Krumpe, Mirko; Umetsu, Keiichi; Ohyama, Youichi; Shim, Hyun Jin; Im, Myungshin; Lee, Hyoung Mok; Lee, Myung Gyoon; Serjeant, Stephen; White, Glenn J; Willmer, Christopher N; Goto, Tomotsugu; Oyabu, Shinki; Takagi, Toshinobu; Wada, Takehiko; Matsuhara, Hideo

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied the star-formation and AGN activity of massive galaxies in the redshift range $z=0.4-2$, which are detected in a deep survey field using the AKARI InfraRed (IR) astronomical satellite and {\\em Subaru} telescope toward the North Ecliptic Pole (NEP). The AKARI/IRC Mid-InfraRed (MIR) multiband photometry is used to trace their star-forming activities with the Polycyclic-Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) emissions, which is also used to distinguish star-forming populations from AGN dominated ones and to estimate the Star Formation Rate (SFR) derived from their total emitting IR (TIR) luminosities. In combination with analyses of their stellar components, we have studied the MIR SED features of star-forming and AGN-harboring galaxies.

  13. Treating tar sands formations with dolomite

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vinegar, Harold J.; Karanikas, John Michael

    2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for treating a tar sands formation are described herein. The tar sands formation may include dolomite and hydrocarbons. Methods may include providing heat at less than the decomposition temperature of dolomite from one or more heaters to at least a portion of the formation. At least some of the hydrocarbon fluids are mobilized in the formation. At least some of the hydrocarbon fluids may be produced from the formation.

  14. Formation Interuniversitaire de Physique Hydrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balbus, Steven

    Formation Interuniversitaire de Physique Module : Hydrodynamics S. Balbus 1 #12;TO LEARN.8.3 Piston Driven into Gas Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 4.8.4 Driven Acoustic Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 6.2.3 Inertial Drag of a Sphere by an Ideal Fluid . . . . . . . 113 6.3 Line Vortices and Flow

  15. Structurally Electromagnetic Formation Flight (EMFF)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Structurally connected secondary mirror EMFF secondary mirror EMFF Design Electromagnetic Formation for a smaller, simpler system. µEMFF investigates the use of conventional conductors, capacitors, and solar propellants that often limit lifetime, the EMFF system uses solar power to energize a magnetic field

  16. Star Formation in the Multiverse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raphael Bousso; Stefan Leichenauer

    2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a simple semi-analytic model of the star formation rate (SFR) as a function of time. We estimate the SFR for a wide range of values of the cosmological constant, spatial curvature, and primordial density contrast. Our model can predict such parameters in the multiverse, if the underlying theory landscape and the cosmological measure are known.

  17. Earth and Terrestrial Planet Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Seth A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth and composition of Earth is a direct consequence of planet formation throughout the Solar System. We discuss the known history of the Solar System, the proposed stages of growth and how the early stages of planet formation may be dominated by pebble growth processes. Pebbles are small bodies whose strong interactions with the nebula gas lead to remarkable new accretion mechanisms for the formation of planetesimals and the growth of planetary embryos. Many of the popular models for the later stages of planet formation are presented. The classical models with the giant planets on fixed orbits are not consistent with the known history of the Solar System, fail to create a high Earth/Mars mass ratio, and, in many cases, are also internally inconsistent. The successful Grand Tack model creates a small Mars, a wet Earth, a realistic asteroid belt and the mass-orbit structure of the terrestrial planets. In the Grand Tack scenario, growth curves for Earth most closely match a Weibull model. The feeding zon...

  18. VEHICLE NETWORKS: ACHIEVING REGULAR FORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VEHICLE NETWORKS: ACHIEVING REGULAR FORMATION MADALENA CHAVES, ROBERT DAY, LUCIA GOMEZ a network of vehicles exchanging information among themselves with the intention of achieving a specified the performance of the vehicle network. A stochastic model for information flow is also considered, allowing

  19. Cloud Formation, Evolution and Destruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estalella, Robert

    Chapter 4 Cloud Formation, Evolution and Destruction We now begin to trace the journey towards a star. How long does this take? The answer is surprisingly short: a good many clouds already contain new stars and these stars tend to be young. The typical cloud cannot spend long, if any time at all

  20. 'Sculptor'-ing the Galaxy? The Chemical Compositions of Red Giants in the Sculptor Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doug Geisler; Verne V. Smith; George Wallerstein; Guillermo Gonzalez; Corinne Charbonnel

    2004-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We have used high-resolution, high signal-to-noise spectra obtained with the VLT and UVES to determine abundances of 17 elements in 4 red giants in the Sculptor dwarf spheroidal galaxy. Our [Fe/H] values range from --2.10 to --0.97, confirming previous findings of a large metallicity spread. We have combined our data with similar data for five Sculptor giants studied recently to form one of the largest samples of high resolution abundances yet obtained for a dwarf spheroidal galaxy, covering essentially the full known metallicity range. These properties allow us to establish trends of [X/Fe] with [Fe/H] for many elements, X. The trends are significantly different from the trends seen in galactic halo and globular cluster stars. We compare our Sculptor sample to their most similar Galactic counterparts and find substantial differences remain even with these stars. The many discrepancies in the relationships between [X/Fe] as seen in Sculptor compared with Galactic field stars indicates that our halo cannot be made up in bulk of stars similar to those presently seen in dwarf spheroidal galaxies like Sculptor. These results have serious implications for the Searle-Zinn and hierarchical galaxy formation scenarios. We also find that the most metal-rich star in our sample is a heavy element-rich star. A very high percentage of such heavy element stars are now known in dwarf spheroidals compared to the halo, further mitigating against the formation of the halo from such objects.

  1. Structure and red shift of optical band gap in CdO–ZnO nanocomposite synthesized by the sol gel method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosquera, Edgar, E-mail: edemova@ing.uchile.cl [Laboratorio de Materiales a Nanoescala, Departamento de Ciencia de los Materiales, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Universidad de Chile, Av. Tupper 2069, Santiago (Chile); Pozo, Ignacio del, E-mail: ignacio.dpf@gmail.com [Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Matemáticas y del Medio Ambiente, Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana, Av. José Pedro Alessandri 1242, Santiago (Chile); Morel, Mauricio, E-mail: mmorel@ing.uchile.cl [Laboratorio de Materiales a Nanoescala, Departamento de Ciencia de los Materiales, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Universidad de Chile, Av. Tupper 2069, Santiago (Chile)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The structure and the optical band gap of CdO–ZnO nanocomposites were studied. Characterization using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) analysis confirms that CdO phase is present in the nanocomposites. TEM analysis confirms the formation of spheroidal nanoparticles and nanorods. The particle size was calculated from Debey–Sherrer?s formula and corroborated by TEM images. FTIR spectroscopy shows residual organic materials (aromatic/Olefinic carbon) from nanocomposites surface. CdO content was modified in the nanocomposites in function of polyvinylalcohol (PVA) added. The optical band gap is found to be red shift from 3.21 eV to 3.11 eV with the increase of CdO content. Photoluminescence (PL) measurements reveal the existence of defects in the synthesized CdO–ZnO nanocomposites. - Graphical abstract: Optical properties of ZnO, CdO and ZnO/CdO nanoparticles. Display Omitted - Highlights: • TEM analysis confirms the presence of spherical nanoparticles and nanorods. • The CdO phase is present in the nanocomposites. • The band gap of the CdO–ZnO nanocomposites is slightly red shift with CdO content. • PL emission of CdO–ZnO nanocomposite are associated to structural defects.

  2. SUPERNOVA 2008bk AND ITS RED SUPERGIANT PROGENITOR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Dyk, Schuyler D.; Elias-Rosa, Nancy [Spitzer Science Center/Caltech, Mailcode 220-6, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Davidge, Tim J., E-mail: vandyk@ipac.caltech.edu, E-mail: tim.davidge@nrc.ca [Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, Victoria, B.C., V9E 2E7 (Canada); and others

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have obtained limited photometric and spectroscopic data for supernova (SN) 2008bk in NGC 7793, primarily at {approx}> 150 days after explosion. We find that it is a Type II-Plateau (II-P) SN that most closely resembles the low-luminosity SN 1999br in NGC 4900. Given the overall similarity between the observed light curves and colors of SNe 2008bk and 1999br, we infer that the total visual extinction to SN 2008bk (A{sub V} = 0.065 mag) must be almost entirely due to the Galactic foreground, similar to what has been assumed for SN 1999br. We confirm the identification of the putative red supergiant (RSG) progenitor star of the SN in high-quality g'r'i' images we had obtained in 2007 at the Gemini-South 8 m telescope. Little ambiguity exists in this progenitor identification, qualifying it as the best example to date, next to the identification of the star Sk -69 Degree-Sign 202 as the progenitor of SN 1987A. From a combination of photometry of the Gemini images with that of archival, pre-SN, Very Large Telescope JHK{sub s} images, we derive an accurate observed spectral energy distribution (SED) for the progenitor. We find from nebular strong-intensity emission-line indices for several H II regions near the SN that the metallicity in the environment is likely subsolar (Z Almost-Equal-To 0.6 Z{sub Sun }). The observed SED of the star agrees quite well with synthetic SEDs obtained from model RSG atmospheres with effective temperature T{sub eff} = 3600 {+-} 50 K. We find, therefore, that the star had a bolometric luminosity with respect to the Sun of log (L{sub bol}/L{sub Sun} ) = 4.57 {+-} 0.06 and radius R{sub *} = 496 {+-} 34 R{sub Sun} at {approx}6 months prior to explosion. Comparing the progenitor's properties with theoretical massive-star evolutionary models, we conclude that the RSG progenitor had an initial mass in the range of 8-8.5 M{sub Sun }. This mass is consistent with, albeit at the low end of, the inferred range of initial masses for SN II-P progenitors. It is also consistent with the estimated upper limit on the initial mass of the progenitor of SN 1999br, and it agrees with the low initial masses found for the RSG progenitors of other low-luminosity SNe II-P.

  3. Absorption and elimination of formate following oral administration of calcium formate in female human subjects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanzlik, Robert P.; Fowler, Stephen C.; Eells, Janis T.

    2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Published abstract: Calcium formate is a water-soluble salt of an essential mineral nutrient with potential for use as a dietary calcium supplement. Formate ion is a product of endogenous and xenobiotic metabolism, but sustained high plasma formate...

  4. Photophoresis boosts giant planet formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teiser, Jens

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the core accretion model of giant planet formation, a solid protoplanetary core begins to accrete gas directly from the nebula when its mass reaches about 5 earth masses. The protoplanet has at most a few million years to reach runaway gas accretion, as young stars lose their gas disks after 10 million years at the latest. Yet gas accretion also brings small dust grains entrained in the gas into the planetary atmosphere. Dust accretion creates an optically thick protoplanetary atmosphere that cannot efficiently radiate away the kinetic energy deposited by incoming planetesimals. A dust-rich atmosphere severely slows down atmospheric cooling, contraction, and inflow of new gas, in contradiction to the observed timescales of planet formation. Here we show that photophoresis is a strong mechanism for pushing dust out of the planetary atmosphere due to the momentum exchange between gas and dust grains. The thermal radiation from the heated inner atmosphere and core is sufficient to levitate dust grains and to ...

  5. Formation of polar ring galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Bournaud; F. Combes

    2003-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Polar ring galaxies are peculiar systems in which a gas rich, nearly polar ring surrounds an early-type or elliptical host galaxy. Two formation scenarios for these objects have been proposed: they are thought to form either in major galaxy mergers or by tidal accretion of the polar material from a gas rich donor galaxy. Both scenarios are studied through N-body simulations including gas dynamics and star formation. Constraints on physical parameters are drawn out, in order to determine which scenario is the most likely to occur. Polar ring galaxies from each scenario are compared with observations and we discuss whether the accretion scenario and the merging scenario account for observational properties of polar ring galaxies. The conclusion of this study is that the accretion scenario is both the most likely and the most supported by observations. Even if the merging scenario is rather robust, most polar ring galaxies are shown to be the result of tidal gas accretion events.

  6. Rapid gas hydrate formation process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brown, Thomas D.; Taylor, Charles E.; Unione, Alfred J.

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides a method and apparatus for forming gas hydrates from a two-phase mixture of water and a hydrate forming gas. The two-phase mixture is created in a mixing zone which may be wholly included within the body of a spray nozzle. The two-phase mixture is subsequently sprayed into a reaction zone, where the reaction zone is under pressure and temperature conditions suitable for formation of the gas hydrate. The reaction zone pressure is less than the mixing zone pressure so that expansion of the hydrate-forming gas in the mixture provides a degree of cooling by the Joule-Thompson effect and provides more intimate mixing between the water and the hydrate-forming gas. The result of the process is the formation of gas hydrates continuously and with a greatly reduced induction time. An apparatus for conduct of the method is further provided.

  7. Laser beam pulse formatting method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Daly, T.P.; Moses, E.I.; Patterson, R.W.; Sawicki, R.H.

    1994-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for formatting a laser beam pulse using one or more delay loops is disclosed. The delay loops have a partially reflective beam splitter and a plurality of highly reflective mirrors arranged such that the laser beam pulse enters into the delay loop through the beam splitter and circulates therein along a delay loop length defined by the mirrors. As the laser beam pulse circulates within the delay loop a portion thereof is emitted upon each completed circuit when the laser beam pulse strikes the beam splitter. The laser beam pulse is thereby formatted into a plurality of sub-pulses. The delay loops are used in combination to produce complex waveforms by combining the sub-pulses using additive waveform synthesis. 8 figs.

  8. Shock Formation in Lovelock Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvey S. Reall; Norihiro Tanahashi; Benson Way

    2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We argue that Lovelock theories of gravity suffer from shock formation, unlike General Relativity. We consider the propagation of (i) a discontinuity in curvature, and (ii) weak, high frequency, gravitational waves. Such disturbances propagate along characteristic hypersurfaces of a "background" spacetime and their amplitude is governed by a transport equation. In GR the transport equation is linear. In Lovelock theories, it is nonlinear and its solutions can blow up, corresponding to the formation of a shock. We show that this effect is absent in some simple cases e.g. a flat background spacetime, and demonstrate its presence for a plane wave background. We comment on weak cosmic censorship, the evolution of shocks, and the nonlinear stability of Minkowski spacetime, in Lovelock theories.

  9. Kinetic models of opinion formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Toscani

    2006-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce and discuss certain kinetic models of (continuous) opinion formation involving both exchange of opinion between individual agents and diffusion of information. We show conditions which ensure that the kinetic model reaches non trivial stationary states in case of lack of diffusion in correspondence of some opinion point. Analytical results are then obtained by considering a suitable asymptotic limit of the model yielding a Fokker-Planck equation for the distribution of opinion among individuals.

  10. Red-Shift Distribution of Gamma-ray Bursts and Their Progenitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soomin Jeong; Chang-Hwan Lee

    2007-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Gamma ray bursts have been divided into two classes, long-soft gamma ray burst and short-hard gamma ray burst according to the bimodal distribution in duration time. Due to the harder spectrum and the lack of afterglows of short-hard bursts in optical and radio observations, different progenitors for short-hard bursts and long-soft bursts have been suggested. Based on the X-ray afterglow observation and the cumulative red-shift distribution of short-hard bursts, Nakar et al. (2006) found that the progenitors of short-hard bursts are consistent with old populations, such as mergers of binary neutron stars. Recently, the existence of two subclasses in long-soft bursts has been suggested after considering multiple characteristics of gamma-ray bursts, including fluences and the duration time. In this work, we extended the analysis of cumulative red-shift distribution to two possible subclasses in L-GRBs. We found that two possible subclass GRBs show different red-shift distributions, especially for red-shifts z > 1. Our results indicate that the accumulative red-shift distribution can be used as a tool to constrain the progenitor characteristics of possible subclasses in L-GRBs.

  11. Decision making in coastal fisheries conflict: the case of red drum and spotted seatrout legislation in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Richard Travis

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stricter Measures Called For The TPWD Increases Regulations on Red and Spotted Seatrout Illegal Netting 61 65 66 Drum TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) IV CASE FINDINGS (continued) The Opposition Increases The Legislative Process Economic Impact... and spotted seatrout caught in Texas February 12 May 19 H. B. 980 S. B. 139 Called for a halt to harvest of red drum and spotted seatrout in Texas by all persons February 12 killed Red drum and spotted seat rout to be made permanently illegal...

  12. U-217: Red Hat Certificate System Bugs Let Remote Users Conduct Cross-Site Scripting and Denial of Service Attacks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Two vulnerabilities were reported in Red Hat Certificate System. A remote user can conduct cross-site scripting attacks. A remote authenticated user can revoke the CA certificate.

  13. Method for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells by flushing with inert gas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bitensky, Mark W. (Los Alamos, NM); Yoshida, Tatsuro (Los Alamos, NM)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Method using oxygen removal for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells. A cost-effective, 4.degree. C. storage procedure that preserves red cell quality and prolongs post-transfusion in vivo survival is described. Preservation of adenosine triphosphate levels and reduction in hemolysis and in membrane vesicle production of red blood cells stored at 4.degree. C. for prolonged periods of time is achieved by removing oxygen therefrom at the time of storage; in particular, by flushing with an inert gas. Adenosine triphosphate levels of the stored red blood cells are boosted in some samples by addition of ammonium phosphate.

  14. Structure of the eastern Red Rocks and Wind Ridge thrust faults, Wyoming: how a thrust fault gains displacement along strike 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huntsman, Brent Stanley

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF FIELD MAPPING Methods . Thrust Faults . The Wind Ridge Thrust Fault System The Red Rocks Thrust Fault System CLAY MODEL STUDIES Purpose and Description Model Results DISCUSSION OF RESULTS Kinematics of the Red Rocks Thrust Fault Termination... . Kinematics of the Southern Wind Ridge Thrust Fault . . . A Conceptual Model of the Red Rocks Thrust Fault Termination Implications of the Red Rocks Fault Termination . . . . . . Page V1 V11 1X X1 X11 7 9 17 18 18 21 24 27 35 35 38 49 49...

  15. Formation damage in underbalanced drilling operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyes Serpa, Carlos Alberto

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Formation damage has long been recognized as a potential source of reduced productivity and injectivity in both horizontal and vertical wells. From the moment that the pay zone is being drilled until the well is put on production, a formation...

  16. Structure formation: Models, Dynamics and Status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Padmanabhan

    1995-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The constraints on the models for the structure formation arising from various cosmological observations at different length scales are reviewed. The status of different models for structure formation is examined critically in the light of these observations.

  17. Dynamics and control of electromagnetic satellite formations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahsun, Umair, 1972-

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Satellite formation flying is an enabling technology for many space missions, especially for space-based telescopes. Usually there is a tight formation-keeping requirement that may need constant expenditure of fuel or at ...

  18. Treating nahcolite containing formations and saline zones

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vinegar, Harold J

    2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for treating a nahcolite containing subsurface formation includes removing water from a saline zone in or near the formation. The removed water is heated using a steam and electricity cogeneration facility. The heated water is provided to the nahcolite containing formation. A fluid is produced from the nahcolite containing formation. The fluid includes at least some dissolved nahcolite. At least some of the fluid is provided to the saline zone.

  19. A Luminous Red Nova in M31 and its Progenitor System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, S C; Bode, M F; Steele, I A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present observations of M31LRN 2015 (MASTER OT J004207.99+405501.1), discovered in M31 in January 2015, and identified as a rare and enigmatic luminous red nova (LRN). Spectroscopic and photometric observations obtained by the Liverpool Telescope showed the LRN becoming extremely red as it faded from its M(V) = -9.4 +/- 0.2 peak. Early spectra showed strong Halpha emission that weakened over time as a number of absorption features appeared, including Na I D and Ba II. At later times strong TiO absorption bands were also seen. A search of archival Hubble Space Telescope data revealed a luminous red source to be the likely progenitor system, with pre-outburst Halpha emission also detected in ground-based data. The outburst of M31LRN 2015 shows many similarities, both spectroscopically and photometrically, with that of V838 Mon, the best studied LRN. We finally discuss the possible progenitor scenarios.

  20. Prolonged cold storage of red blood cells by oxygen removal and additive usage

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bitensky, Mark W. (Boston, MA); Yoshida, Tatsuro (Newton, MA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Prolonged cold storage of red blood cells by oxygen removal and additive usage. A cost-effective, 4.degree. C. storage procedure that preserves red cell quality and prolongs post-transfusion in vivo survival is described. The improved in vivo survival and the preservation of adenosine triphosphate levels, along with reduction in hemolysis and membrane vesicle production of red blood cells stored at 4.degree. C. for prolonged periods of time, is achieved by reducing the oxygen level therein at the time of storage; in particular, by flushing the cells with an inert gas, and storing them in an aqueous solution which includes adenine, dextrose, mannitol, citrate ion, and dihydrogen phosphate ion, but no sodium chloride, in an oxygen-permeable container which is located in an oxygen-free environment containing oxygen-scavenging materials.

  1. Prolonged cold storage of red blood cells by oxygen removal and additive usage

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bitensky, M.W.; Yoshida, Tatsuro

    1998-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Prolonged cold storage of red blood cells by oxygen removal and additive usage. A cost-effective, 4 C storage procedure that preserves red cell quality and prolongs post-transfusion in vivo survival is described. The improved in vivo survival and the preservation of adenosine triphosphate levels, along with reduction in hemolysis and membrane vesicle production of red blood cells stored at 4 C for prolonged periods of time, is achieved by reducing the oxygen level therein at the time of storage; in particular, by flushing the cells with an inert gas, and storing them in an aqueous solution which includes adenine, dextrose, mannitol, citrate ion, and dihydrogen phosphate ion, but no sodium chloride, in an oxygen-permeable container which is located in an oxygen-free environment containing oxygen-scavenging materials. 8 figs.

  2. Autonomous Helicopter Formation using Model Predictive Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sastry, S. Shankar

    Autonomous Helicopter Formation using Model Predictive Control Hoam Chung and S. Shankar Sastry are required to fly in tight formations and under harsh conditions. The starting point for safe autonomous into a formation, so that each vehicle can safely maintain sufficient space between it and all other vehicles

  3. Hydrothermal synthesis and characteristics of anions-doped calcium molybdate red powder phosphors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shi, Shikao, E-mail: ssk02@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024 (China); Zhang, Yan; Liu, Qing [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024 (China); Zhou, Ji [State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Four anion-doped CaMoO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} red phosphors were prepared by hydrothermal approach. • Some samples exhibit nearly spherical morphology and well-distributed fine particles. • The red luminescence can be obviously enhanced after certain amount of anion doping. • The improved phosphor system is a potential candidate for white LED applications. - Abstract: Applying hydrothermal and subsequent heat-treatment process, CaMoO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} was doped with four anions (SiO{sub 3}{sup 2?}, PO{sub 4}{sup 3?}, SO{sub 4}{sup 2?} and ClO{sub 3}{sup ?}) to prepare fine red powder phosphors. The introduction of small amount of anions into the host had little influence on the structure, which was confirmed by X-ray diffraction patterns. The anion-doped phosphor samples (except SiO{sub 3}{sup 2?}) exhibited nearly spherical morphology, and the particle sizes were in the range of 0.3–0.4 ?m for SO{sub 4}{sup 2?}-doped samples, and 0.8–1.2 ?m for PO{sub 4}{sup 3?} and ClO{sub 3}{sup ?}-doped samples. Excited with 395 nm near-UV light, all samples showed typical Eu{sup 3+} red emission at 615 nm, and PO{sub 4}{sup 3?}, SO{sub 4}{sup 2?} and ClO{sub 3}{sup ?}-doped samples enhanced the red luminescence as compared with the individual CaMoO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} sample. In particular, relative emission intensity for optimum ClO{sub 3}{sup ?}-doped phosphors reached more than 6-fold that of the commercial red phosphor, which is highly desirable for the powder phosphors used in the solid-state lighting industry.

  4. Crystallographic study of red fluorescent protein eqFP578 and its far-red variant Katushka reveals opposite pH-induced isomerization of chromophore

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pletneva, Nadya V.; Pletnev, Vladimir Z.; Shemiakina, Irina I.; Chudakov, Dmitriy M.; Artemyev, Igor; Wlodawer, Alexander; Dauter, Zbigniew; Pletnev, Sergei (Russ. Acad. Sci.); (SAIC); (NCI)

    2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The wild type red fluorescent protein eqFP578 (from sea anemone Entacmaea quadricolor, {lambda}{sub ex} = 552 nm, {lambda}{sub em} = 578 nm) and its bright far-red fluorescent variant Katushka ({lambda}{sub ex} = 588 nm, {lambda}{sub em} = 635 nm) are characterized by the pronounced pH dependence of their fluorescence. The crystal structures of eqFP578f (eqFP578 with two point mutations improving the protein folding) and Katushka have been determined at the resolution ranging from 1.15 to 1.85 {angstrom} at two pH values, corresponding to low and high level of fluorescence. The observed extinguishing of fluorescence upon reducing pH in eqFP578f and Katushka has been shown to be accompanied by the opposite trans-cis and cis-trans chromophore isomerization, respectively. Asn143, Ser158, His197 and Ser143, Leu174, and Arg197 have been shown to stabilize the respective trans and cis fluorescent states of the chromophores in eqFP578f and Katushka at higher pH. The cis state has been suggested as being primarily responsible for the observed far-red shift of the emission maximum of Katushka relative to that of eqFP578f.

  5. Effects of ionizing radiation on the response of certain photosensitive seeds to red light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Billy

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of gamma radiation and red light on the germination of L~t~ua ~tva New York. Data recorded 48 hours after start of imbibition. 18 Gamma-irradiated ~La t~ ~t New York seeds 48 hours after start of imbibition. One hundred (top) and 300 (bottom) K-rads...~nt g, seeds 48 hours after start of imbibition. Top (left to right): 0, 25, 50, 75 K-rads; bottom: 100, 200, 300, 400 K-rads, administered to dry seed. . 26 Effects of gamma radiation and red light on the germination of Lactuca gativa Grand Rapids...

  6. The effects of infra-red drying upon Spanish peanut quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norris, J. R

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the sample receiving the greatest amount of infra-red exposure time to 42. 22 for the sample receiving forced ambient air (Table 2). Differences in reflectance due to treatments were significant as were raw or roast by treatment and harvest by treatment... interactions. Time of harvest also affected the Rd value significantly. As may be seen in Table 2, the samples decreased in reflectance values as the amount of time spent in the infra-red dryer increased. The difference is greater in the raw samples...

  7. Gas Cooling Through Galaxy Formations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mariwan A. Rasheed; Mohamad A. Brza

    Abstract-- Gas cooling was studied in two different boxes of sizes and by simulation at same redshifts. The gas cooling is shown in four different redshifts (z=1.15, 0.5, 0.1 and 0). In the simulation the positions of the clumps of cooled gas were studied with slices of the two volumes and also the density of cooled gas of the two volumes shown in the simulation. From the process of gas cooling it is clear that this process gives different results in the two cases. Index Term- Gas Cooling, Simulation, galaxy Formation. I.

  8. Petrophysical evaluation of subterranean formations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klein, James D; Schoderbek, David A; Mailloux, Jason M

    2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and systems are provided for evaluating petrophysical properties of subterranean formations and comprehensively evaluating hydrate presence through a combination of computer-implemented log modeling and analysis. Certain embodiments include the steps of running a number of logging tools in a wellbore to obtain a variety of wellbore data and logs, and evaluating and modeling the log data to ascertain various petrophysical properties. Examples of suitable logging techniques that may be used in combination with the present invention include, but are not limited to, sonic logs, electrical resistivity logs, gamma ray logs, neutron porosity logs, density logs, NRM logs, or any combination or subset thereof.

  9. Electrochemical formation of field emitters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrochemical formation of field emitters, particularly useful in the fabrication of flat panel displays. The fabrication involves field emitting points in a gated field emitter structure. Metal field emitters are formed by electroplating and the shape of the formed emitter is controlled by the potential imposed on the gate as well as on a separate counter electrode. This allows sharp emitters to be formed in a more inexpensive and manufacturable process than vacuum deposition processes used at present. The fabrication process involves etching of the gate metal and the dielectric layer down to the resistor layer, and then electroplating the etched area and forming an electroplated emitter point in the etched area.

  10. Cobalt-iron red-ox behavior in nanostructured La{sub 0.4}Sr{sub 0.6}Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3-{delta}} cathodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soldati, Analia L., E-mail: asoldati@cab.cnea.gov.ar [CONICET-CNEA Departamento de Caracterizacion de Materiales, Centro Atomico Bariloche, Av. Bustillo 9500, S.C. de Bariloche R8402AGP, Rio Negro (Argentina); Baque, Laura, E-mail: baque.laura@gmail.com [CONICET-CNEA Departamento de Caracterizacion de Materiales, Centro Atomico Bariloche, Av. Bustillo 9500, S.C. de Bariloche R8402AGP, Rio Negro (Argentina)] [CONICET-CNEA Departamento de Caracterizacion de Materiales, Centro Atomico Bariloche, Av. Bustillo 9500, S.C. de Bariloche R8402AGP, Rio Negro (Argentina); Napolitano, Federico, E-mail: napolitf@ib.cab.cnea.gov.ar [CONICET-CNEA Departamento de Caracterizacion de Materiales, Centro Atomico Bariloche, Av. Bustillo 9500, S.C. de Bariloche R8402AGP, Rio Negro (Argentina)] [CONICET-CNEA Departamento de Caracterizacion de Materiales, Centro Atomico Bariloche, Av. Bustillo 9500, S.C. de Bariloche R8402AGP, Rio Negro (Argentina); Serquis, Adriana, E-mail: aserquis@cab.cnea.gov.ar [CONICET-CNEA Departamento de Caracterizacion de Materiales, Centro Atomico Bariloche, Av. Bustillo 9500, S.C. de Bariloche R8402AGP, Rio Negro (Argentina)] [CONICET-CNEA Departamento de Caracterizacion de Materiales, Centro Atomico Bariloche, Av. Bustillo 9500, S.C. de Bariloche R8402AGP, Rio Negro (Argentina)

    2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Nano-sized La{sub 0.4}Sr{sub 0.6}Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3-{delta}} (LSCF) perovskite samples (prepared by a conventional acetate route and a novel acetate synthesis with HMTA additives), were tested simulating a red-ox cycle. The crystallography was studied by X-ray Powder Diffraction (XPD) and the changes in the oxidation state of the perovskite B-site were evaluated by synchrotron X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy (XANES). After a reducing treatment, LSFC particles show the appearance of a new phase that coexists with the original one. The structural change is accompanied by a Co and Fe formal oxidation states decrease, although Fe remains always closer to 4+ and Co closer to 3+. The treatment produces a B-site valence average reduction from 3.52+ to 3.26+ and the formation of oxygen vacancies. A re-oxidation treatment under O{sub 2} rich atmosphere at 800 Degree-Sign C for 10 h shows that the change is reversible and independent of the two chemical methods used to synthesize the LSCF nano-particles. - Graphical abstract: XANES and XPD measurements in nanostructured LSCF before (black) and after (red/green) a red/ox cycle. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Red-ox treatments in LSCF nano-particles cause a reversible reaction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer XPD analyses show that a new 'reduced' phase coexist with the oxidize one. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The B-site formal oxidation state decreases and the {delta} increases upon reduction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Fe remains in a higher valence (closer to 4+) than Co (close to 3+). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The behavior seems to be independent of the synthesis method used.

  11. Heating tar sands formations while controlling pressure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stegemeier, George Leo (Houston, TX) [Houston, TX; Beer, Gary Lee (Houston, TX) [Houston, TX; Zhang, Etuan (Houston, TX) [Houston, TX

    2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for treating a tar sands formation are described herein. Methods may include heating at least a section of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from a plurality of heaters located in the formation. A pressure in the majority of the section may be maintained below a fracture pressure of the formation. The pressure in the majority of the section may be reduced to a selected pressure after the average temperature reaches a temperature that is above 240.degree. C. and is at or below pyrolysis temperatures of hydrocarbons in the section. At least some hydrocarbon fluids may be produced from the formation.

  12. Coring in deep hardrock formations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drumheller, D.S.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy is involved in a variety of scientific and engineering feasibility studies requiring extensive drilling in hard crystalline rock. In many cases well depths extend from 6000 to 20,000 feet in high-temperature, granitic formations. Examples of such projects are the Hot Dry Rock well system at Fenton Hill, New Mexico and the planned exploratory magma well near Mammoth Lakes, California. In addition to these programs, there is also continuing interest in supporting programs to reduce drilling costs associated with the production of geothermal energy from underground sources such as the Geysers area near San Francisco, California. The overall progression in these efforts is to drill deeper holes in higher temperature, harder formations. In conjunction with this trend is a desire to improve the capability to recover geological information. Spot coring and continuous coring are important elements in this effort. It is the purpose of this report to examine the current methods used to obtain core from deep wells and to suggest projects which will improve existing capabilities. 28 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. A Random Walk through Star and Planet Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maness, Holly

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and its Neptune-Mass Planet 3.1 Introduction . . . . . . .of Low Mass Star Formation . . . . . 1.3 Planet FormationConstraining Theories of Planet Formation and Evolution .

  14. Host-defense peptides isolated from the skin secretions of the Northern red-legged frog Rana aurora aurora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Carlos

    Host-defense peptides isolated from the skin secretions of the Northern red-legged frog Rana aurora aurora J. Michael Conlona,*, Agnes Sonnevendb , Carlos Davidsonc , Anni Demandtd , Thierry Jouennee-stimulated skin secretions of the Northern red-legged frog Rana aurora aurora and their primary structures

  15. Evidence from peptidomic analysis of skin secretions that the red-legged frogs, Rana aurora draytonii and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Carlos

    Evidence from peptidomic analysis of skin secretions that the red-legged frogs, Rana aurora draytonii and Rana aurora aurora, are distinct species J. Michael Conlon a, *, Nadia Al-Ghafari a , Laurent peptides Rana aurora Rana draytonii Skin secretions a b s t r a c t The northern red-legged frog Rana

  16. Post-fire recovery and successional dynamics of an old growth red spruce forest in the southern Appalachian Mountains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krustchinsky, Adam R.

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    to fire. In the summer of 2004, a southern pine beetle (Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann) infestation of the red spruce was treated by the US Forest Service on Whitetop Mountain, resulting in the clearing of dozens of red spruce trees in an old...

  17. Red, Green and Blue Silicate Phosphor Thin Films by Pulsed Laser X. W. Sun and H. S. Kwok

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Red, Green and Blue Silicate Phosphor Thin Films by Pulsed Laser Deposition X. W. Sun and H. S University of Science and Technology Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong Abstract Three kinds of silicate deposition: manganese and lead doped calcium silicate (CaSiO3:MnPb) for red color, manganese doped zinc

  18. Method and kit for the selective labeling of red blood cells in whole blood with TC-99M

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Suresh C. (Setauket, NY); Babich, John W. (Redhill, GB2); Straub, Rita (Brookhaven, NY); Richards, Powell (New Bern, NC)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed herein are a method and kit for the preparation of .sup.99m Tc labeled red blood cells using whole blood in a closed sterile system containing stannous tin in a form such that it will enter the red blood cells and be available therein for the reduction of technetium.

  19. Development of red oak seedlings using plastic shelters on hardwood sites in West Virginia. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, H.C.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plastic shelters were used to grow red oak seedlings on good-to-excellent Appalachian hardwood growing sites in north central West Virginia. Preliminary results indicate that shelters have the potential to stimulate development of red oak seedlingheight growth, especially if height growth continues once the seedling tops are above the 5-foot-tall shelters.

  20. Influence of temperature and body mass on standard metabolic rate of eastern red-backed salamanders (Plethodon cinereus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, William A.

    Influence of temperature and body mass on standard metabolic rate of eastern red-backed salamanders 29 October 2009 Accepted 20 January 2010 Keywords: Eastern red-backed salamander Oxygen consumption be used to investigate questions of applied or basic ecological interest, such as quantifying energetic

  1. Method and kit for the selective labeling of red blood cells in whole blood with Tc-99m

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Srivastava, S.C.; Babich, J.W.; Straub, R.; Richards, P.

    1988-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed herein are a method and kit for the preparation of [sup 99m]Tc labeled red blood cells using whole blood in a closed sterile system containing stannous tin in a form such that it will enter the red blood cells and be available for the reduction of technetium. No Drawings

  2. Red rice (Oryza sativa L.) control in herbicide tolerant rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steele, Gregory Lee

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .29, 0.45, or 0.60 kg/ha provided similar levels of red rice control, whether applied at the 1 to 2-leaf stage, or the 4-leaf, 2-tiller stage. However, the following year early postemergence applications were more efficacious than single late...

  3. Red Sea during the Last Glacial Maximum: Implications for sea level reconstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, W. Richard

    . Gildor,1 and W. R. Peltier2 Received 13 February 2007; revised 29 July 2007; accepted 30 October 2007 based on the ICE-5G (VM2) model. Citation: Biton, E., H. Gildor, and W. R. Peltier (2008), Red Sea sea level reduction for the LGM interval range between approximately 120 m [Peltier, 2004, 2002

  4. The Density and Spectral Energy Distributions of Red Galaxies at z~3.7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brammer, G B; Brammer, Gabriel B.; Dokkum, Pieter G. van

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the deep NIR imaging of the FIRES survey to investigate trends with redshift of the properties of galaxies selected to have strong Balmer/4000A breaks at 21.3 (AB) color criterion designed to select red galaxies at z>2, we propose two color criteria, J-H>0.9 and H-K>0.9, to select red galaxies in two redshift bins at 2=2.4 that satisfy Js-H>0.9; H=3.7 that satisfy H-Ks>0.9; Ks<24.6, where the flux limits are chosen to match the limiting rest-frame luminosities at the different median redshifts of the two samples. The space densities of the Js-H and H-Ks samples are 1.5+-0.5x10^-4 and 1.2+-0.4x10^-4 Mpc^-3, respectively. The rest-frame U-B colors of galaxies in both samples are similarly red (as expected from the definition of the color criteria), but the rest-frame UV properties are different: galaxies in the higher-redshift H-K selected sample have blue NUV-optical colors and UV slopes similar to those of Lyman Break Galaxies, while the J-H galaxies are generally red over the entire wavelength rang...

  5. Energy agencies appear to be on safe ground, avoiding California's high tide of red ink.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Energy agencies appear to be on safe ground, avoiding California's high tide of red ink, with seven dedicated to renewable energy work. Another two positions would be for new staff in the Division. The proposed budgets for state energy agencies were left largely intact in the governor's recent budget

  6. On Bitcoin and Red Balloons Moshe Babaioff, Microsoft Research, Silicon Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiat, Amos

    On Bitcoin and Red Balloons Moshe Babaioff, Microsoft Research, Silicon Valley Shahar Dobzinski balloons). We focus on another prominent example: Bitcoin, a decentralized electronic currency system. Bitcoin represents a radical new approach to monetary systems. It has been getting a large amount

  7. Red Fluorescent Protein pH Biosensor to Detect Concentrative Nucleoside Transport*S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Robert E.

    Red Fluorescent Protein pH Biosensor to Detect Concentrative Nucleoside Transport*S Received concentrative nucleoside transporter, hCNT3, medi- ates Na /nucleoside and H /nucleoside co-transport. We describe a new approach to monitor H /uridine co-transport in cultured mammalian cells, using a p

  8. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Impact of Herpes simplex virus load and red blood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Impact of Herpes simplex virus load and red blood cells in cerebrospinal fluid upon herpes simplex meningo-encephalitis outcome Julien Poissy1* , Karen Champenois2 , Anny Background: Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) often leads to severe disability or death. Factors usually

  9. Identification of heat source fields from infra-red thermography: Determination of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Identification of heat source fields from infra-red thermography: Determination of `self-heating of `self-heating' in a dual-phase steel by using a dog bone sample by C. Doudard, S. Calloch, F. Hild and S-section. A new procedure is introduced to achieve this goal, and its application to an experimental case of self-heating

  10. Red emitting photonic devices using InGaP/InGaAlP material system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kangude, Yamini

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, two red emitting photonic devices are presented using the InGaP/InGaAlP material system. InGaP/InGaAlP material system provides large flexibility in the band gap energy while being lattice matched to GaAs ...

  11. Making the links: towards a global taxonomy for the red algal genus Porphyra (Bangiales, Rhodophyta)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Making the links: towards a global taxonomy for the red algal genus Porphyra (Bangiales, Rhodophyta. Here, it is proposed that a global taxonomy for the group would enable resolution and consensus. Using areas throughout the tree. We have concluded that to achieve a global taxonomy standard molecular

  12. Development of Digital Techniques for Analysis of Hormone Regulation of Melanophore Activity in Red Drum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russey, William Andrew

    2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    to determine melanosome area. From collected data, a region posterior to the pelvic fin and dorsal to the lateral line on the red drum was determined to yield stable basal melanophores to provide a standard starting state for student experiments. By measuring...

  13. Torque-generating malaria-infected red blood cells in an optical trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Shobhona

    Torque-generating malaria-infected red blood cells in an optical trap J.A. Dharmadhikari, S. Roy, A 005, India # atmol1@tifr.res.in Abstract: We have used optical tweezers to trap normal and Plasmodium emerge from our experiments. Firstly, while the optical field modifies both types of RBCs in the same

  14. Impact of the red imported fire ant on newly hatched northern bobwhite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Elena Kalleso

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The response of northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) to the presence of red imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) during the first 6 days post-hatching was examined in a 9-week-field experiment during spring and summer 1993 in southeastern...

  15. Status of the Red Knot (Calidris Canutus Rufa) in the Western Hemisphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Avian Biology Abstract The population of the rufa subspecies of the Red Knot (Calidris canutus), which breeds in the ... grounds and ensure their survival after they arrive at a time when food availability is often low. The crucial importance of Delaware ...

  16. An Increase in the faint red galaxy population in massive clusters since z~0.5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. P. Stott; Ian Smail; A. C. Edge; H. Ebeling; G. P. Smith; J. -P. Kneib; K. A. Pimbblet

    2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We compare the luminosity functions for red galaxies lying on the restframe (U-V) color-magnitude sequence in a homogeneous sample of ten X-ray luminous clusters from the MACS survey at z~0.5 to a similarly selected X-ray cluster sample at z~0.1. We exploit deep Hubble Space Telescope ACS imaging in the F555W and F814W passbands of the central 1.2Mpc diameter regions of the distant clusters to measure precise colors for the galaxies in these regions and statistically correct for contamination by field galaxies using observations of blank fields. We apply an identical analysis to ground-based photometry of the z~0.1 sample. This comparison demonstrates that the number of faint, Mv~ -19, red galaxies relative to the bright population seen in the central regions of massive clusters has roughly doubled over the 4 Gyrs between z~0.5 and z~0.1. We quantify this difference by measuring the dwarf to giant ratio on the red sequence which increases by a factor of at least 2.2+/- 0.4 since z~0.5. This is consistent with the idea that many faint, blue star-forming galaxies in high density environments are transforming onto the red sequence in the last half of the Hubble time.

  17. Spectroscopic Target Selection for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey: The Luminous Red Galaxy Sample

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. J. Eisenstein; J. Annis; J. E. Gunn; A. S. Szalay; A. J. Connolly; R. C. Nichol; N. A. Bahcall; M. Bernardi; S. Burles; F. J. Castander; M. Fukugita; D. W. Hogg; Z. Ivezic; G. R. Knapp; R. H. Lupton; V. Narayanan; M. Postman; D. E. Riechart; M. Richmond; D. P. Schneider; D. J. Schlegel; M. A. Strauss; M. SubbaRao; D. L. Tucker; D. Vanden Berk; M. S. Vogeley; D. H. Weinberg; B. Yanny

    2001-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the target selection and resulting properties of a spectroscopic sample of luminous, red galaxies (LRG) from the imaging data of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). These galaxies are selected on the basis of color and magnitude to yield a sample of luminous, intrinsically red galaxies that extends fainter and further than the main flux-limited portion of the SDSS galaxy spectroscopic sample. The sample is designed to impose a passively-evolving luminosity and rest-frame color cut to a redshift of 0.38. Additional, yet more luminous, red galaxies are included to a redshift of 0.5. Approximately 12 of these galaxies per square degree are targeted for spectroscopy, so the sample will number over 100,000 with the full survey. SDSS commissioning data indicate that the algorithm efficiently selects luminous (M_g=-21.4), red galaxies, that the spectroscopic success rate is very high, and that the resulting set of galaxies is approximately volume-limited out to z=0.38. When the SDSS is complete, the LRG spectroscopic sample will fill over 1h^-3 Gpc^3 with an approximately homogeneous population of galaxies and will therefore be well suited to studies of large-scale structure and clusters out to z=0.5.

  18. Toxicity of nickel to the earthworm and the applicability of the neutral red retention assay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkin, Steve

    Toxicity of nickel to the earthworm and the applicability of the neutral red retention assay JANECK of nickel on survival, growth, and reproduction of Eisenia veneta were investigated following 4 weeks of exposure to a nickel-chloride spiked loamy sand soil. The ability of a simple earthworm biomarker

  19. Improving the photostability of bright monomeric orange and red fluorescent proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsien, Roger Y.

    Improving the photostability of bright monomeric orange and red fluorescent proteins Nathan C illumination. Although fluorescent proteins typically bleach at a substantially slower rate than many small-molecule dyes, in many cases the lack of sufficient photostability remains an important limiting factor

  20. Red Algae Respond to Waves: Morphological and Mechanical Variation in Mastocarpus papillatus Along

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denny, Mark

    Red Algae Respond to Waves: Morphological and Mechanical Variation in Mastocarpus papillatus Along Grove, California, 93950 Abstract. Intertidal algae are exposed to the potentially severe drag forces generated by crashing waves, and several species of brown algae respond, in part, by varying the strength

  1. Phys 123 Exam 3 pg 1 Fall 2010 RED barcode here

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Phys 123 Exam 3 ­ pg 1 Fall 2010 RED barcode here Physics 123 section 2 Exam 3 Colton 2-3669 Please in SI units, to 3 or 4 significant digits. For answers that rely on intermediate results, remember __________ Problem 8 __________ Problem 9 __________ Extra Credit __________ Total _____________ #12;Phys 123 Exam 3

  2. Autobiographical Sketch of William Hughes Miller I was born in rural Mississippi (Kosciusko, earlier Red Bud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, William H.

    , earlier Red Bud Springs) on March 16, 1941, but within a few years my family moved to the "big city Carolina. Both of my parents (Weldon Howard Miller and Jewell Hughes Miller) finished high school, and my Engineering major in 1959. (I had always liked math and I enjoyed the chemistry class that I had in high

  3. Impact of the red imported fire ant on newly hatched northern bobwhite 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Elena Kalleso

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The response of northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) to the presence of red imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) during the first 6 days post-hatching was examined in a 9-week-field experiment during spring and summer 1993 in southeastern...

  4. Optical, radio and x-ray radiation of red sprites produced by runaway air breakdown

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yukhimuk, V.; Roussel-Dupre, R.; Symbalisty, E.; Taranenko, Y.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors use the runaway air breakdown model of upward discharges to calculate optical, radio, and X-ray radiation generated by red sprites. Red sprites are high altitude (up to 90 km) lightning discharges. Aircraft based observations show that sprites are predominantly red in color at altitudes above {approximately}55 km with faint blue tendrils, which extend downward to an altitude of 40 km; the duration of a single sprite is less than 17 ms, their maximum brightness is about 600 kR, and estimated total optical energy is about 1--5 kJ per event. The ground based observations show similar results, and provide some additional information on spatial and temporal structure of sprites, and on sprite locations. One difference between aircraft and ground-based observations is that blue tendrils are rarely observed from the ground. Sprites usually occur above the anvils of large mesoscale convective systems and correlate with strong positive cloud to ground discharge. Upward discharges are the most probable source of X-ray emission observed above large thunderstorm complexes by the Compton Gamma-ray Observatory. To escape the atmosphere these {gamma}-rays must originate above 25 km altitude. Red sprites are usually observed at altitudes higher than 50 km, and are therefore a likely source of this x-ray emission.

  5. Stridulatory organ morphology, acoustics, and function in the red imported fire ant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rauth, Steven Joseph

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    occurrence, usually happening on warm days following a rain. Pest status. The red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren, is believed to be a native of the Brazilian Pantanal, one of the largest flood plains in the world. The highly disturbed nature...

  6. Influence of the Blue Mesa Reservoir on the Red Creek Landslide, Colorado

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influence of the Blue Mesa Reservoir on the Red Creek Landslide, Colorado SCOTT R. WALKER URS of the Blue Mesa Reservoir submerged approximately 50 percent of the paleolandslide. Some clay layers within of the paleolandslide. Seasonal rapid drawdown of the Blue Mesa Reservoir acts as the trigger for movement, and large

  7. Hydrogen-terminated silicon nanowire photocatalysis: Benzene oxidation and methyl red decomposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lian, Suoyuan [Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China) [Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China); School of Chemical Engineering and Materials, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Tsang, Chi Him A. [Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China) [Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China); Centre of Super Diamond and Advanced Films, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China); Kang, Zhenhui, E-mail: zhkang@suda.edu.cn [Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China)] [Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China); Liu, Yang, E-mail: yangl@suda.edu.cn [Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China)] [Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China); Wong, Ningbew [Centre of Super Diamond and Advanced Films, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)] [Centre of Super Diamond and Advanced Films, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China); Lee, Shuit-Tong [Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China) [Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China); Centre of Super Diamond and Advanced Films, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: H-SiNWs can catalyze hydroxylation of benzene and degradation of methyl red under visible light irradiation. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hydrogen-terminated silicon nanowires were active photocatalyst in the hydroxylation of benzene under light. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hydrogen-terminated silicon nanowires were also effective in the decomposition of methyl red dye. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Si/SiO{sub x} core-shell structure is the main reason of the obtained high selectivity during the hydroxylation. -- Abstract: Hydrogen-terminated silicon nanowires (H-SiNWs) were used as heterogeneous photocatalysts for the hydroxylation of benzene and for the decomposition of methyl red under visible light irradiation. The above reactions were monitored by GC-MS and UV-Vis spectrophotometry, respectively, which shows 100% selectivity for the transformation of benzene to phenol. A complete decomposition of a 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -4} M methyl red solution was achieved within 30 min. The high selectivity for the hydroxylation of benzene and the photodecomposition demonstrate the catalytic activity of ultrafine H-SiNWs during nanocatalysis.

  8. Iron oxide mineralogy in late Miocene red beds from La Gloria, Spain: rock-magnetic,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    to characterize the mineralogy of free ferric oxides and to estimate the ratio of goethite and to hematite Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Fe oxides; Goethite; Hematite; Red beds; Voltammetry minerals (Singer, 1980). In particular, the goethite to hematite ratio is considered to be a good parameter

  9. Testing a Collaborative DDoS Defense in a Red Team/Blue Team Exercise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Testing a Collaborative DDoS Defense in a Red Team/Blue Team Exercise Jelena Mirkovic, Member, IEEE, and performed October 2002 to May 2003. The goal of the exercise was to evaluate a collaborative DDoS defense in DDoS defense systems (e.g., avoiding reliance on timing mechanisms), and taught us many lessons about

  10. Hot Coal for Christmas: Dust Formation in the Swept-Up Shell Around The Peculiar Type Ib Supernova 2006jc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Nathan; Filippenko, Alexei V

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present evidence for the formation of dust grains in an unusual Type Ib SN based on late-time spectra of SN 2006jc. The progenitor suffered a giant outburst qualitatively similar to those seen in LBVs just 2 years prior to the SN, and we speculate that the dust formation we observe is an indirect consequence of that event. The key evidence for dust formation seen in our optical spectra is (1) the appearance of a strong continuum emission source at red wavelengths, and (2) fading of the redshifted sides of narrow HeI emission lines. These two observed characteristics provide the strongest case yet for dust formation in any Type Ib/c SN. Both developments occurred simultaneously between 51 and 75 days after peak brightness, which is quick compared to other dusty SNe. The high temperature of the dust implies carbon and not silicates, and we describe how infrared photometry may test this conjecture. Geometric considerations indicate dust formation occurring in the dense gas swept-up by the forward shock, and n...

  11. THE DEEP2 GALAXY REDSHIFT SURVEY: CLUSTERING DEPENDENCE ON GALAXY STELLAR MASS AND STAR FORMATION RATE AT z {approx} 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mostek, Nick [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Coil, Alison L. [Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States)] [Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); Cooper, Michael [Center for Galaxy Evolution, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States)] [Center for Galaxy Evolution, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States); Davis, Marc [Department of Astronomy, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Newman, Jeffrey A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and PITT-PACC, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15620 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy and PITT-PACC, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15620 (United States); Weiner, Benjamin J., E-mail: njmostek@lbl.gov [Steward Observatory, Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

    2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present DEEP2 galaxy clustering measurements at z {approx} 1 as a function of stellar mass, star formation rate (SFR), and specific SFR (sSFR). We find a strong positive correlation between stellar mass and clustering amplitude on 1-10 h {sup -1} Mpc scales for blue, star-forming galaxies with 9.5 < log(M{sub *}/M{sub Sun }) < 11 and no dependence for red, quiescent galaxies with 10.5 < log(M{sub *}/M{sub Sun }) < 11.5. Using recently re-calibrated DEEP2 SFRs from restframe B-band magnitude and optical colors, we find that within the blue galaxy population at z {approx} 1 the clustering amplitude increases strongly with increasing SFR and decreasing sSFR. For red galaxies there is no significant correlation between clustering amplitude and either SFR or sSFR. Blue galaxies with high SFR or low sSFR are as clustered on large scales as red galaxies. We find that the clustering trend observed with SFR can be explained mostly, but not entirely, by the correlation between stellar mass and clustering amplitude for blue galaxies. We also show that galaxies above the star-forming 'main sequence' are less clustered than galaxies below the main sequence, at a given stellar mass. These results are not consistent with the high-sSFR population being dominated by major mergers. We also measure the clustering amplitude on small scales ({<=}0.3 h {sup -1} Mpc) and find an enhanced clustering signal relative to the best-fit large-scale power law for red galaxies with high stellar mass, blue galaxies with high SFR, and both red and blue galaxies with high sSFR. The increased small-scale clustering for galaxies with high sSFRs is likely linked to triggered star formation in interacting galaxies. These measurements provide strong constraints on galaxy evolution and halo occupation distribution models at z {approx} 1.

  12. Adaptive Optics in Star Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfgang Brandner

    2003-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past ten years, the concept of adaptive optics has evolved from early experimental stages to a standard observing tool now available at almost all major optical and near-infrared telescope facilities. Adaptive optics will also be essential in exploiting the full potential of the large optical/infrared interferometers currently under construction. Both observations with high-angular resolution and at high contrast, and with a high point source sensitivity are facilitated by adaptive optics. Among the areas which benefit most from the use of adaptive optics are studies of the circumstellar environment (envelopes, disks, outflows), substellar companions and multiple systems, and dense young stellar populations. This contribution highlights some of the recent advances in star formation studies facilitated by adaptive optics, and gives a brief tutorial on optimized observing and data reduction strategies.

  13. Zonal Flow as Pattern Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Jeffrey B

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this section, we examine the transition from statistically homogeneous turbulence to inhomogeneous turbulence with zonal flows. Statistical equations of motion can be derived from the quasilinear approximation to the Hasegawa-Mima equation. We review recent work that finds a bifurcation of these equations and shows that the emergence of zonal flows mathematically follows a standard type of pattern formation. We also show that the dispersion relation of modulational instability can be extracted from the statistical equations of motion in a certain limit. The statistical formulation can thus be thought to offer a more general perspective on growth of coherent structures, namely through instability of a full turbulent spectrum. Finally, we offer a physical perspective on the growth of large-scale structures.

  14. Methanol Masers and Star Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Sobolev; A. B. Ostrovskii; M. S. Kirsanova; O. V. Shelemei; M. A. Voronkov; A. V. Malyshev

    2006-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Methanol masers which are traditionally divided into two classes provide possibility to study important parts of the star forming regions: Class~II masers trace vicinities of the massive YSOs while class~I masers are likely to trace more distant parts of the outflows where newer stars can form. There are many methanol transitions which produce observed masers. This allows to use pumping analysis for estimation of the physical parameters in the maser formation regions and its environment, for the study of their evolution. Extensive surveys in different masing transitions allow to conclude on the values of the temperatures, densities, dust properties, etc. in the bulk of masing regions. Variability of the brightest masers is monitored during several years. In some cases it is probably caused by the changes of the dust temperature which follow variations in the brightness of the central YSO reflecting the character of the accretion process. A unified catalogue of the class II methanol masers consisting of more than 500 objects is compiled. Analysis of the data shows that: physical conditions within the usual maser source vary considerably; maser brightness is determined by parameters of some distinguished part of the object - maser formation region; class II methanol masers are formed not within the outflows but in the regions affected by their propagation. It is shown that the "near" solutions for the kinematic distances to the sources can be used for statistical analysis. The luminosity function of the 6.7 GHz methanol masers is constructed. It is shown that improvement of the sensitivity of surveys can increase number of detected maser sources considerably.

  15. A seismic approach to testing different formation channels of subdwarf B stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haili Hu; M. -A. Dupret; C. Aerts; G. Nelemans; S. D. Kawaler; A. Miglio; J. Montalban; R. Scuflaire

    2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    There are many unknowns in the formation of subdwarf B stars. Different formation channels are considered to be possible and to lead to a variety of helium-burning subdwarfs. All seismic models to date, however, assume that a subdwarf B star is a post-helium-flash-core surrounded by a thin inert layer of hydrogen. We examine an alternative formation channel, in which the subdwarf B star originates from a massive (>~2 Msun) red giant with a non-degenerate helium-core. Although these subdwarfs may evolve through the same region of the log g-Teff diagram as the canonical post-flash subdwarfs, their interior structure is rather different. We examine how this difference affects their pulsation modes and whether it can be observed. Using detailed stellar evolution calculations we construct subdwarf B models from both formation channels. The iron accumulation in the driving region due to diffusion, which causes the excitation of the modes, is approximated by a Gaussian function. The pulsation modes and frequencies are calculated with a non-adiabatic pulsation code. A detailed comparison of two subdwarf B models from different channels, but with the same log g and Teff, shows that their mode excitation is different. The excited frequencies are lower for the post-flash than for the post-non-degenerate subdwarf B star. This is mainly due to the differing chemical composition of the stellar envelope. A more general comparison between two grids of models shows that the excited frequencies of most post-non-degenerate subdwarfs cannot be well-matched with the frequencies of post-flash subdwarfs. In the rare event that an acceptable seismic match is found, additional information, such as mode identification and log g and Teff determinations, allows us to distinguish between the two formation channels.

  16. Methanol masers : Reliable tracers of the early stages of high-mass star formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. P. Ellingsen

    2005-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The GLIMPSE and MSX surveys have been used to examine the mid-infrared properties of a statistically complete sample of 6.7 GHz methanol masers. The GLIMPSE point sources associated with methanol masers are clearly distinguished from the majority, typically having extremely red mid-infrared colors, similar to those expected of low-mass class 0 young stellar objects. The intensity of the GLIMPSE sources associated with methanol masers is typically 4 magnitudes brighter at 8.0 micron than at 3.6 micron. Targeted searches towards GLIMPSE point sources with [3.6]-[4.5] > 1.3 and an 8.0 micron magnitude less than 10 will detect more than 80% of class II methanol masers. Many of the methanol masers are associated with sources within infrared dark clouds (IRDC) which are believed to mark regions where high-mass star formation is in its very early stages. The presence of class II methanol masers in a significant fraction of IRDC suggests that high-mass star formation is common in these regions. Different maser species are thought to trace different evolutionary phases of the high-mass star formation process. Comparison of the properties of the GLIMPSE sources associated with class II methanol masers and other maser species shows interesting trends, consistent with class I methanol masers tracing a generally earlier evolutionary phase and OH masers tracing a later evolutionary phase.

  17. The massive star population in M101. II. Spatial variations in the recent star formation history

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grammer, Skyler; Humphreys, Roberta M., E-mail: grammer@astro.umn.edu, E-mail: roberta@umn.edu [Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics, 116 Church Street SE, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate star formation history (SFH) as a function of radius in M101 using archival Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera for Surveys photometry. We derive the SFH from the resolved stellar populations in five 2' wide annuli. Binning the SFH into time frames corresponding to stellar populations traced by H?, far-ultraviolet, and near-ultraviolet emission, we find that the fraction of stellar populations young enough to contribute in H? is 15%-35% in the inner regions, compared to less than 5% in the outer regions. This provides a sufficient explanation for the lack of H? emission at large radii. We also model the blue to red supergiant ratio in our five annuli, examine the effects that a metallicity gradient and variable SFH have on the predicted ratios, and compare to the observed values. We find that the radial behavior of our modeled blue to red supergiant ratios is highly sensitive to both spatial variations in the SFH and metallicity. Incorporating the derived SFH into modeled ratios, we find that we are able to reproduce the observed values at large radii (low metallicity), but at small radii (high metallicity) the modeled and observed ratios are discrepant.

  18. Effects of prebiotics on growth performance, nutrient utilization and the gastrointestinal tract microbial community of hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis) and red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burr, Gary Stephen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ), and inulin/ fructooligosaccharide (FOS)--on the gastrointestinal (GI) tract’s microbial community in hybrid striped bass and red drum. The first in vitro experiment applied denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) to examine responses of red drum GI...

  19. Radio Triggered Star Formation in Cooling Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. R. McNamara

    1999-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The giant galaxies located at the centers of cluster cooling flows are frequently sites of vigorous star formation. In some instances, star formation appears to have been triggered by the galaxy's radio source. The colors and spectral indices of the young populations are generally consistent with short duration bursts or continuous star formation for durations much less than 1 Gyr, which is less than the presumed ages of cooling flows. The star formation properties are inconsistent with fueling by a continuously accreting cooling flow, although the prevalence of star formation is consistent with repeated bursts and periodic refueling. Star formation may be fueled, in some cases, by cold material stripped from neighboring cluster galaxies.

  20. Floating insulated conductors for heating subsurface formations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burns, David; Goodwin, Charles R.

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A heating system for a subsurface formation includes a conduit located in a first opening in the subsurface formation. Three electrical conductors are located in the conduit. A return conductor is located inside the conduit. The return conductor is electrically coupled to the ends of the electrical conductors distal from the surface of the formation. Insulation is located inside the conduit. The insulation electrically insulates the three electrical conductors, the return conductor, and the conduit from each other.

  1. INFRARED AND ULTRAVIOLET STAR FORMATION IN BRIGHTEST CLUSTER GALAXIES IN THE ACCEPT SAMPLE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffer, Aaron S.; Donahue, Megan; Hicks, Amalia [Physics and Astronomy Department, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-2320 (United States); Barthelemy, R. S., E-mail: hofferaa@msu.edu, E-mail: donahue@pa.msu.edu, E-mail: hicksam@msu.edu, E-mail: ramon.s.barthelemy@wmich.edu [Physics Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5252 (United States)

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) photometry for a sample of brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs). The BCGs are from a heterogeneous but uniformly characterized sample, the Archive of Chandra Cluster Entropy Profile Tables (ACCEPT), of X-ray galaxy clusters from the Chandra X-ray telescope archive with published gas temperature, density, and entropy profiles. We use archival Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX), Spitzer Space Telescope, and Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) observations to assemble spectral energy distributions (SEDs) and colors for BCGs. We find that while the SEDs of some BCGs follow the expectation of red, dust-free old stellar populations, many exhibit signatures of recent star formation in the form of excess UV or mid-IR emission, or both. We establish a mean near-UV (NUV) to 2MASS K color of 6.59 {+-} 0.34 for quiescent BCGs. We use this mean color to quantify the UV excess associated with star formation in the active BCGs. We use both fits to a template of an evolved stellar population and library of starburst models and mid-IR star formation relations to estimate the obscured star formation rates (SFRs). We show that many of the BCGs in X-ray clusters with low central gas entropy exhibit enhanced UV (38%) and mid-IR emission (43%) from 8 to 160 {mu}m, above that expected from an old stellar population. These excesses are consistent with ongoing star formation activity in the BCG, star formation that appears to be enabled by the presence of high-density, X-ray-emitting intergalactic gas in the core of the cluster of galaxies. This hot, X-ray-emitting gas may provide the enhanced ambient pressure and some of the fuel to trigger star formation. This result is consistent with previous works that showed that BCGs in clusters with low central gas entropies host H{alpha} emission-line nebulae and radio sources, while clusters with high central gas entropy exhibit none of these features. GALEX UV and Spitzer mid-IR measurements combined provide a complete picture of unobscured and obscured star formation occurring in these systems. We present IR and UV photometry and estimated equivalent continuous SFRs for a sample of BCGs.

  2. Line formation in AGB atmospheres including velocity effects. Molecular line profile variations of long period variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nowotny, W; Aringer, B

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The atmospheres of evolved red giants are considerably influenced by pulsations of the stellar interiors and developing stellar winds. The resulting complex velocity fields severely affect molecular line profiles observable in NIR spectra. With the help of model calculations the complex line formation process in AGB atmospheres was explored with the focus on velocity effects. Furthermore, we aimed for atmospheric models which are able to quantitatively reproduce line profile variations found in observed spectra of pulsating late-type giants. Models describing pulsation-enhanced dust-driven winds were used to compute synthetic spectra under the assumptions of chemical equilibrium and LTE and by solving the radiative transfer in spherical geometry including velocity effects. Radial velocities derived from Doppler-shifted synthetic line profiles provide information on the gas velocities in the line-forming region of the spectral features. On the basis of dynamic models we investigated in detail the finding that ...

  3. Nonequilibrium Atmospheric Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Aerosol Formation and Growth. Abstract: Airborne particles play a critical role in air quality, human health effects, visibility and climate. Secondary organic aerosols (SOA)...

  4. Heating tar sands formations to visbreaking temperatures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX); Colmenares, Tulio Rafael (Houston, TX); Zhang, Etuan (Houston, TX); Marino, Marian (Houston, TX); Roes, Augustinus Wilhelmus Maria (Houston, TX); Ryan, Robert Charles (Houston, TX); Beer, Gary Lee (Houston, TX); Dombrowski, Robert James (Houston, TX); Jaiswal, Namit (Houston, TX)

    2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for treating a tar sands formation are described herein. Methods may include heating at least a section of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from a plurality of heaters located in the formation. The heat may be controlled so that at least a majority of the section reaches an average temperature of between 200.degree. C. and 240.degree. C., which results in visbreaking of at least some hydrocarbons in the section. At least some visbroken hydrocarbon fluids may be produced from the formation.

  5. Standard Format and Content for Emergency Plans

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume addresses recommended emergency plan format and content for Operational Emergency Base Programs and Operational Emergency Hazardous Material Programs. Canceled by DOE G 151.1-3.

  6. Heating systems for heating subsurface formations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Scott Vinh (Houston, TX); Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX)

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and systems for heating a subsurface formation are described herein. A heating system for a subsurface formation includes a sealed conduit positioned in an opening in the formation and a heat source. The sealed conduit includes a heat transfer fluid. The heat source provides heat to a portion of the sealed conduit to change phase of the heat transfer fluid from a liquid to a vapor. The vapor in the sealed conduit rises in the sealed conduit, condenses to transfer heat to the formation and returns to the conduit portion as a liquid.

  7. Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation in Supported Few-Layer Graphene Friday, February 28, 2014 Among the allotropes of carbon, diamond has some of the most...

  8. Treating tar sands formations with dolomite

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vinegar, Harold J.; Karanikas, John Michael

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for treating a karsted formation containing heavy hydrocarbons and dolomite includes providing heat to at least part of one or more karsted layers in the formation from one or more heaters located in the karsted layers. A temperature in at least one of the karsted layers is allowed to reach a decomposition temperature of dolomite in the formation. The dolomite is allowed to decompose and at least some hydrocarbons are produced from at least one of the karsted layers of the formation.

  9. Theoretical Investigations on the Formation and Dehydrogenation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of boron-nitrogen-hydrogen (BNHx) compounds that are promising materials for chemical hydrogen storage. Understanding the kinetics and reaction pathways of formation of these...

  10. Format requirements of thermal neutron scattering data in a nuclear data format to succeed the ENDF format

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, D. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In November 2012, the Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation Subgroup 38 (WPEC-SG38) began with the task of developing a nuclear data format and supporting infrastructure to replace the now nearly 50 year old ENDF format. The first step in this process is to develop requirements for the new format and infrastructure. In this talk, I will review the status of ENDF's Thermal Scattering Law (TSL) formats as well as support for this data in the GND format (from which the new format is expected to evolve). Finally, I hope to begin a dialog with members of the thermal neutron scattering community so that their data needs can be accurately and easily accommodated by the new format and tools, as captured by the requirements document. During this discussion, we must keep in mind that the new tools and format must; Support what is in existing data files; Support new things we want to put in data files; and Be flexible enough for us to adapt it to future unanticipated challenges.

  11. Le logiciel "Tigre" en formation PLC 1 Grtice J. Vincent Le logiciel Tigre en formation PLC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    "Tigre" en formation PLC 1 Grétice J. Vincent Le logiciel « Tigre » en formation PLC J. Vincent Le;______________________________________________________________________________________ Le logiciel "Tigre" en formation PLC 2 Grétice J. Vincent 1.1. La lecture Voici l'écran d;______________________________________________________________________________________ Le logiciel "Tigre" en formation PLC 3 Grétice J. Vincent Figure 3 1.2. La démonstration Voici l

  12. Shell Formation and Bone Strength Laying Hens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shell Formation and Bone Strength in Laying Hens Effects of Age, Daidzein and Exogenous Estrogen Cover aquarelle: E. Spörndly-Nees #12;Shell Formation and Bone Strength in Laying Hens Effects of Age eggshells as shell quality declines with age during the laying period. This is a concern for food safety

  13. DISSERTATION FORMATION OF THE HURRICANE EYE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubert, Wayne H.

    DISSERTATION FORMATION OF THE HURRICANE EYE Submitted by Jonathan L. Vigh Department of Atmospheric OF THE HURRICANE EYE BE ACCEPTED AS FULFILLING IN PART REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY. Schubert Department Head: Richard H. Johnson ii #12;ABSTRACT OF DISSERTATION FORMATION OF THE HURRICANE EYE

  14. FAINT RADIO SOURCES AND STAR FORMATION HISTORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waddington, Ian

    FAINT RADIO SOURCES AND STAR FORMATION HISTORY Deborah B. Haarsma 1 , R. Bruce Partridge 1 , Ian 85287­1504 USA Abstract. Faint extragalactic radio sources provide important information about the global history of star formation. Sensitive radio observations of the Hubble Deep Field and other fields

  15. First Structure Formation and the First Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael L. Norman; Tom Abel; Greg Bryan

    2000-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the results of recent 3D simulations of first structure formation in relationship to the formation of the first stars. On the basis of a new, high-resolution AMR simulation (spatial dynamic range = 30,000,000), we conclude that the first stars are likely to be massive.

  16. Methods for forming wellbores in heated formations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Guimerans, Rosalvina Ramona; Mansure, Arthur James

    2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for forming a wellbore in a heated formation includes flowing liquid cooling fluid to a bottom hole assembly in a wellbore in a heated formation. At least a portion of the liquid cooling fluid is vaporized at or near a region to be cooled. Vaporizing the liquid cooling fluid absorbs heat from the region to be cooled.

  17. Infra-Red Surface-Plasmon-Resonance technique for biological studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Lirtsman; M. Golosovsky; D. Davidov

    2007-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a Surface-Plasmon-Resonance (SPR) technique based on Fourier -Transform - Infra - Red (FTIR) spectrometer. In contrast to the conventional surface plasmon technique, operating at a fixed wavelength and a variable angle of incidence, our setup allows the wavelength and the angle of incidence to be varied simultaneously. We explored the potential of the SPR technique in the infrared for biological studies involving aqueous solutions. Using computer simulations, we found the optimal combination of parameters (incident angle, wavelength) for performing this task. Our experiments with physiologically important glucose concentrations in water and in human plasma verified our computer simulations. Importantly, we demonstrated that the sensitivity of the SPR technique in the infrared range is not lower and in fact is even higher than that for visible light. We emphasize the advantages of infra red SPR for studying glucose and other biological molecules in living cells.

  18. Red Supergiants as Cosmic Abundance Probes: The Sculptor Galaxy NGC 300

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gazak, J Zachary; Evans, Chris; Patrick, Lee; Davies, Ben; Bergemann, Maria; Plez, Bertrand; Bresolin, Fabio; Bender, Ralf; Wegner, Michael; Bonanos, Alceste Z; Williams, Stephen J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a quantitative spectroscopic study of twenty-seven red supergiants in the Sculptor Galaxy NGC 300. J-band spectra were obtained using KMOS on the VLT and studied with state of the art synthetic spectra including NLTE corrections for the strongest diagnostic lines. We report a central metallicity of [Z]= -0.03 +/- 0.05 with a gradient of -0.083 +/- 0.014 [dex/kpc], in agreement with previous studies of blue supergiants and H II-region auroral line measurements. This result marks the first application of the J-band spectroscopic method to a population of individual red supergiant stars beyond the Local Group of galaxies and reveals the great potential of this technique.

  19. Development of an automated Red Light Violation Detection System (RLVDS) for Indian vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Satadal; Nasipuri, Mita; Basu, Dipak Kumar

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrated Traffic Management Systems (ITMS) are now implemented in different cities in India to primarily address the concerns of road-safety and security. An automated Red Light Violation Detection System (RLVDS) is an integral part of the ITMS. In our present work we have designed and developed a complete system for generating the list of all stop-line violating vehicle images automatically from video snapshots of road-side surveillance cameras. The system first generates adaptive background images for each camera view, subtracts captured images from the corresponding background images and analyses potential occlusions over the stop-line in a traffic signal. Considering round-the-clock operations in a real-life test environment, the developed system could successfully track 92% images of vehicles with violations on the stop-line in a "Red" traffic signal.

  20. OY Car During Normal Outburst: Balmer Emission From The Red Star And The Gas Stream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. T. Harlaftis; T. R. Marsh

    1995-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We present observations of OY Car, obtained with the Anglo-Australian Telescope, during a normal outburst in August 1991. Two sinusoidal components are resolved in the H$\\beta$ trailed spectra and we determine the location of the narrow component to be on the secondary star with a maximum contributed flux of ~2.5 per cent to the total flux. Imaging of the line distribution reveals that the other emission component is associated with the gas stream. This follows a velocity close to the ballistic one from the red star to a distance of ~0.5 R$_{L_{1}}$ from the white dwarf. This emission penetrates the accretion disc (from 0.5--0.1 R$_{L_{1}}$), with a velocity now closer (but lower) to the keplerian velocities along the path of the gas stream. We finally discuss the implications of having observed simultaneously line emission from the gas stream and the red star during outburst.

  1. OY Car in Outburst: Balmer emission from the red star and the gas stream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. T. Harlaftis; T. R. Marsh

    1995-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We present observations of OY Car, obtained with the Anglo-Australian telescope, during a normal outburst in 1991. Two sinusoidal components are resolved in the Hbeta trailed spectra and we determine the location of the narrow component to be on the secondary star with a maximum contributed flux of ~2.5 per cent to the total flux. Imaging of the line distribution reveals that the other emission component is associated with the gas stream. This follows a velocity close to the ballistic one from the red star to a distance of ~0.5 R_L1 from the white dwarf. Then. its kinematics changes from 0.5-0.2 R_L1 (accretion disc) following velocities now closer to (but lower than) the keplerian velocities along the path of the gas stream. We finally dicsuss the implications of having observed simultaneously line emission from the gas stream and the red star during outburst.

  2. Cytoskeleton mediated effective elastic properties of model red blood cell membranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rui Zhang; Frank L. H. Brown

    2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The plasma membrane of human red blood cells consists of a lipid bilayer attached to a regular network of underlying cytoskeletal polymers. We model this system at a dynamic coarse-grained level, treating the bilayer as an elastic sheet and the cytoskeletal network as a series of phantom entropic springs. In contrast to prior simulation efforts, we explicitly account for dynamics of the cytoskeletal network, both via motion of the protein anchors that attach the cytoskeleton to the bilayer and through breaking and reconnection of individual cytoskeletal filaments. Simulation results are explained in the context of a simple mean-field percolation model and comparison is made to experimental measurements of red blood cell fluctuation amplitudes.

  3. Sequentially Triggered Star Formation in OB Associations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Preibisch; Hans Zinnecker

    2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss observational evidence for sequential and triggered star formation in OB associations. We first review the star formation process in the Scorpius-Centaurus OB association, the nearest OB association to the Sun, where several recent extensive studies have allowed us to reconstruct the star formation history in a rather detailed way. We then compare the observational results with those obtained for other OB associations and with recent models of rapid cloud and star formation in the turbulent interstellar medium. We conclude that the formation of whole OB subgroups (each consisting of several thousand stars) requires large-scale triggering mechanisms such as shocks from expanding wind and supernova driven superbubbles surrounding older subgroups. Other triggering mechanisms, like radiatively driven implosion of globules, also operate, but seem to be secondary processes, forming only small stellar groups rather than whole OB subgroups with thousands of stars.

  4. Contrasting survival strategies of hatchery and wild red drum: implications for stock enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beck, Jessica Louise

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . Marshall Kirk O. Winemiller James L. Pinckney Gregory W. Stunz Head of Department, Thomas E. Lacher May 2008 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences iii ABSTRACT Contrasting Survival Strategies of Hatchery and Wild Red Drum... of the Rooker Lab. Many thanks to my committee members, Dr. Christopher Marshall, Dr. Kirk Winemiller, Dr. James Pinckney, and Dr. Gregory Stunz, for their insight and suggestions which greatly improved the content and quality of my dissertation research...

  5. Estimated IR and phosphorescence emission fluxes for specific Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Red Rectangle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Mulas; G. Malloci; C. Joblin; D. Toublanc

    2005-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Following the tentative identification of the blue luminescence in the Red Rectangle by Vijh et al. (2005), we compute absolute fluxes for the vibrational IR emission and phosphorescence bands of three small polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. The calculated IR spectra are compared with available ISO observations. A subset of the emission bands are predicted to be observable using presently available facilities, and can be used for an immediate, independent, discriminating test on their alleged presence in this well-known astronomical object.

  6. Headspace profiles of modified atmosphere packaged fresh red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus) by gas liquid chromatography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scorah, Craig Darrell Allen

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1988 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology HEADSPACE PROFILES OF MODIFIED ATMOSPHERE PACKAGED FRESH RED SNAPPER (LUJANUS CAMPECHANUS) BY GAS LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY A Thesis... of this research indicate that headspace analysis can potentially be very useful in determining the microbial activity in fresh seafoods and other raw proteinaceous foods packaged in vacuum or modified atmospheres. This technique could find its place...

  7. Possible causes of reddish discoloration of urine ("red water") as it involves cattle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynd, Frederick Theodore

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    produces a severe hssoglobinaaia, uhich is the result of hesolysis of circulating red blood cells by action of tosins or nitro?organisns, the free pageant srceeds the capacity of the reticulo-endothslial systaa ~ nd the henoglobfn is encreted... dilated with a bile snd the walls thickened With fibrous connective tissue. Otaat areas of hepatic tissue in all, stages of necrosis were reticulated with enlarged prominent gupffer cells containing yellow granular pigment. The spleen showed reticulo...

  8. AN EXTENDED GRID OF NOVA MODELS. III. VERY LUMINOUS, RED NOVAE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shara, Michael M.; Zurek, David [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West and 79th Street, New York, NY 10024-5192 (United States); Yaron, Ofer; Prialnik, Dina; Kovetz, Attay [Department of Geophysics and Planetary Sciences, Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978 (Israel)

    2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Extremely luminous, red eruptive variables like RV in M31 are being suggested as exemplars of a new class of astrophysical objects. Our greatly extended series of nova simulations shows that classical nova models can produce very red, luminous eruptions. In a poorly studied corner of three-dimensional nova parameter space (very cold, low-mass white dwarfs, accreting at very low rates) we find bona fide classical novae that are very luminous and red because they eject very slowly moving, massive envelopes. A crucial prediction of these nova models-in contrast to the predictions of merging star ('mergeburst') models-is that a hot remnant, the underlying white dwarf, will emerge after the massive ejected envelope has expanded enough to become optically thin. This blue remnant must fade on a timescale of decades-much faster than a 'mergeburst', which must fade on timescales of millennia or longer. Furthermore, the cooling nova white dwarf and its expanding ejecta must become redder in the years after eruption, while a contracting mergeburst must become hotter and bluer. We predict that red novae will always brighten to L {approx} 1000 L{sub sun} for about one year before rising to the maximum luminosity at L {approx} 10{sup 6}-10{sup 7} L{sub sun}. The maximum luminosity attainable by a nova is likely to be L {approx} 10{sup 7} L{sub sun}, corresponding to M {approx} -12. In an accompanying paper, we describe a fading, luminous blue candidate for the remnant of M31-RV; it is observed with the Hubble Space Telescope to be compatible only with the nova model.

  9. Characterization of freshwater as a treatment for amyloodiniosis in red drum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Courtney Elaine

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) because the number of parasites per fish is relatively small in situations where fish density is low. In September 1997, however, scientists determined that a fish kill of over one million tilapia at the Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge in California... was the result of infestation by A. ocellatum (F WS 1997). High temperatures and salinities present in the Salton Sea at that time apparently were conducive to rapid development of lethal infestations. The red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) is a marine, warmwater...

  10. Can Life develop in the expanded habitable zones around Red Giant Stars?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruno Lopez; Jean Schneider; William C. Danchi

    2005-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We present some new ideas about the possibility of life developing around sub-giant and red giant stars. Our study concerns the temporal evolution of the habitable zone. The distance between the star and the habitable zone, as well as its width, increases with time as a consequence of stellar evolution. The habitable zone moves outward after the star leaves the main sequence, sweeping a wider range of distances from the star until the star reaches the tip of the asymptotic giant branch. If life could form and evolve over time intervals from $5 \\times 10^8$ to $10^9$ years, then there could be habitable planets with life around red giant stars. For a 1 M$_{\\odot}$ star at the first stages of its post main-sequence evolution, the temporal transit of the habitable zone is estimated to be of several 10$^9$ years at 2 AU and around 10$^8$ years at 9 AU. Under these circumstances life could develop at distances in the range 2-9 AU in the environment of sub-giant or giant stars and in the far distant future in the environment of our own Solar System. After a star completes its first ascent along the Red Giant Branch and the He flash takes place, there is an additional stable period of quiescent He core burning during which there is another opportunity for life to develop. For a 1 M$_{\\odot}$ star there is an additional $10^9$ years with a stable habitable zone in the region from 7 to 22 AU. Space astronomy missions, such as proposed for the Terrestrial Planet Finder (TPF) and Darwin should also consider the environments of sub-giants and red giant stars as potentially interesting sites for understanding the development of life.

  11. Protecting red oak seedlings with tree shelters in northwestern Pennsylvania. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walters, R.S.

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report examines the growth and survival of planted and natural red oak seedlings and seedlings from planted acorns within translucent tan tree shelters, fences, and unprotected controls under a shelterwood seed-cut stand. Seedlings planted within tree shelters and fences were inside tree shelters. Natural seedlings grew very little and their height inside and outside of tree shelters did not differ. Recommendations based on these results should improve results from the use of tree shelters.

  12. Survival of northern red oak acorns after fall burning. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auchmoody, L.R.; Smith, H.C.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The survival of recently fallen northern red oak acorns after exposure to a cool fall burn was evaluated in northwestern Pennsylvania. Although no acorns were consumed by the fire, some were charred. Between 40 and 49 percent of the acorns in the litter were destroyed. The fire was not hot enough to kill Curculio larvae within the acorns. Burned acorns infested with Curculio that survived the fire had 20 percent lower germination rates than unburned acorns.

  13. Data bank for short-length red oak lumber. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiedenbeck, J.K.; Gatchell, C.J.; Walker, E.S.

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The data bank for short-length lumber (less than 8 feet long) contains information on board outlines and defect size and quality for 426 4/4-inch-thick red oak boards. The Selects, 1 Common, 2A Common, and 3A Common grades are represented in the data bank. The data bank provides the kind of detailed lumber description that is required as input by computer programs that analyze rough mill yield.

  14. Changes in Jupiter's Great Red Spot (19792006) and Oval BA (20002006) Sushil Shetty *, Philip S. Marcus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus, Philip S.

    the magnitude of the PV anomaly of the Oval BA changed from 2000, when its cloud cover was white, to 2006, when its cloud cover was red. The best-fit results also show that the areas of the PV anomalies of the GRS and of the Oval BA are smaller than the areas of their corresponding cloud covers at all times. Using the best

  15. Relationship of Course Woody Debris to Red-Cockaded Woodpecker Prey Diversity and Abundance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horn, G.S.

    1999-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The abundance of diversity of prey commonly used by the red-cockaded woodpecker were monitored in experimental plots in which course woody debris was manipulated. In one treatment, all the woody debris over four inches was removed. In the second treatment, the natural amount of mortality remained intact. The overall diversity of prey was unaffected; however, wood roaches were significantly reduced by removal of woody debris. The latter suggests that intensive utilizations or harvesting practices may reduce foraging.

  16. Effect of dissolved oxygen on stomach evacuation rate of juvenile red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becerra Illingworth, Jorge Alberto

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    occurring populations off the southern Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts. Regulation of red drum fisheries has created an emerging aquaculture industry in the U. S. A. , the Republic of Panama, and the Republic of Ecuador. Extensive research... drum in commercial aquaculture ponds in Panama, by depressing food consumption. It has been demonstrated that the metabolic rate of carnivorous fishes increases drastically after feeding and then gradually decreases to pre-feeding levels over periods...

  17. Water Balance, Salt Loading, and Salinity Control Options of Red Bluff Reservoir, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyamoto, S.; Yuan, Fasong; Anand, Shilpa

    objectives: i) to outline water balance of the reservoir, ii) to establish salt loading trends over the past several decades, and iii) to evaluate the impact of salt loading on salinity of the reservoir and its outflow. We also outlined the needs... presumably has less seepage losses. The study reported here was conducted i) for examining the reservoir water balance of Red Bluff over the past several decades, ii) for establishing salt loading trends, and iii) for evaluating the impact of salt...

  18. NOR ANY DROP TO DRINK: An Analysis of The Jordan Red Sea Project and Reconciling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Christopher

    /yr ! Jordan River 1950s 1.3 BCM/yr FOA - UN #12;Amman Highlands AlGhor / Jordan Valley/ Wadi Araba Badia Dead as a stand-alone project" Al-Qimish 2:14-2:36 ·50 MCM # Amman ·20 MCM # Aqaba, Wadi Araba ·5 MCM # economic Valley/ Wadi Araba Badia Dead Sea (417m below sealevel) Red Sea #12;Phase 2 ·80 MCM # nuclear plant #12

  19. Red-giant evolution, metallicity, and new bounds on hadronic axions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haxton, W.C.; Lee, K.Y. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (US))

    1991-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore stellar cooling by nuclear axion emission, identifying those special isotopes that dominate this process for temperatures {similar to}10{sup 7}--10{sup 9} K. We argue that such nuclear energy-loss mechanisms are distinctive because the effects track metallicity. Three observables associated with evolution of stars along the red-giant and horizontal branches are shown to impose new and restrictive constraints on axions in the hadronic window.

  20. Using a complete spectroscopic survey to find red quasars and test the KX method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell J. Jurek; Michael J. Drinkwater; Paul J. Francis; Kevin A. Pimbblet

    2007-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an investigation of quasar colour-redshift parameter space in order to search for radio-quiet red quasars and to test the ability of a variant of the KX quasar selection method to detect quasars over a full range of colour without bias. This is achieved by combining IRIS2 imaging with the complete Fornax Cluster Spectroscopic Survey to probe parameter space unavailable to other surveys. We construct a new sample of 69 quasars with measured bJ - K colours. We show that the colour distribution of these quasars is significantly different from that of the Large Bright Quasar Survey's quasars at a 99.9% confidence level. We find 11 of our sample of 69 quasars have signifcantly red colours (bJ - K >= 3.5) and from this, we estimate the red quasar fraction of the K KX method variant used here is more effective than the UVX selection method, and has less colour bias than optical colour-colour selection methods.

  1. Luminous Red Galaxies in Clusters: Central Occupation, Spatial Distributions, and Mis-centering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoshino, Hanako; Lackner, Claire; Hikage, Chiaki; Rozo, Eduardo; Rykoff, Eli; Mandelbaum, Rachel; More, Surhud; More, Anupreeta; Saito, Shun; Vulcani, Benedetta

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Luminous Red Galaxies (LRG) from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey are considered among the best understood samples of galaxies, and they are employed in a broad range of cosmological studies. Because they form a relatively homogeneous population, with high stellar masses and red colors, they are expected to occupy halos in a relatively simple way. In this paper, we study how LRGs occupy massive halos via direct counts in clusters and we reveal several unexpected trends suggesting that the connection between LRGs and dark matter halos may not be straightforward. Using the redMaPPer cluster catalog, we derive the central occupation of LRGs as a function richness, Ncen({\\lambda}). Assuming no correlation between cluster mass and central galaxy luminosity at fixed richness, we show that clusters contain a significantly lower fraction of central LRGs than predicted from the two-point correlation function. At halo masses of 10^14.5 Msun, we find Ncen=0.73, compared to Ncen of 0.89 from correlation studies. Our central ...

  2. On study of nonlinear viscoelastic behavior of red blood cell membrane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horacio Castellini; Bibiana Riquelme; Patricia Foresto

    2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The linear viscoelastic behavior of the red blood cell membrane of mammal and human was studied in previous works proposing different experimental methods to determine their viscoelastic parameters. In the present work the nonlinear component of dynamic viscosity of the red blood cell membrane by nonlinear time series analysis is used. For such aim, it obtained time series of test in vitro of samples of humans and rats red blood cells using the Erythrodeformeter in oscillating regime. The signal filtrate suppresses any linear behavior as well as represented by a system of linear ordinary differential equations. The test shown as much in humans as in rats resonance frequencies associated to an attractor of unknown nature independently of excitation in the physiological range. The preliminary studies shown that attractor could be correspond to a complex form bull. These results allow to extend the present knowledge on dynamic of the cellular membrane to similar stimulus which happens in the blood circulation and it will allows to make better models of the same one.

  3. The red-cockaded woodpecker on the Savannah River Site: Aspects of reproductive success.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnston, Peter A.; Imm, Donald, W.; Jarvis, William L.

    2004-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Red-cockaded woodpecker; Road to Recovery. Proceedings of the 4th Red-cockaded woodpecker Symposium. Ralph Costa and Susan J. Daniels, eds. Savannah, Georgia. January, 2003. Chapter 5. Status and Trends of Populations. Pp 224-229. Abstract: The red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis) population on the Savannah River Site has been closely monitored and studied over the last 17 years. In 1985, the USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station was given responsibility to study and manage this population in an effort to prevent its extirpation. In December 1985, there were only 4 individuals on the site: 1 pair and 2 solitary males. The population had increased to a total of 175 individuals in 42 active clusters in 2002. Although this represents a very successful recovery effort, there has been substantial annual variation in nesting survival from banding to fledging. Data were analyzed to more completely understand the factors affecting reproduction. No significant effects of age of the breeding male and female, years paired, number of helpers, habitat quality, number of nestings, and time of nest initiation were found when comparing reproductive success in 117 nesting attempts from 1999 to 2002. However, the number of neighboring groups had a direct effect on mortality rates, possibly demonstrating the importance of cluster spacing.

  4. Evaluation of fisheries by-catch and by-product meals in diets for red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whiteman, Kasey

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    nerka) head meal, and Pacific whiting (Merluccius productus) meal] were substituted for Special SelectÂ? menhaden fish meal at two different levels (33% or 67% of crude protein) in prepared diets for red drum. Another treatment consisted of shrimp...

  5. Paleomagnetism of a lateritic paleoweathering horizon and overlying Paleoproterozoic red beds from South Africa: Implications for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Africa: Implications for the Kaapvaal apparent polar wander path and a confirmation of atmospheric: paleomagnetism, Paleoproterozoic, South Africa, apparent polar wander paths, paleoatmosphere, lateritic paleosols Paleoproterozoic red beds from South Africa: Implicat

  6. Synecological coordinates as indicators of variation in red pine productivity among twinspan classes: A case study. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brand, G.J.; Almendinger, J.C.

    1992-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The report evaluates the use of synecological moisture and nutrient coordinates in identifying floristic classes with different site indexes and gross basal area growths for red pine in north-central Minnesota.

  7. Evaluation of daytime vs. nighttime red-light-running using an advanced warning for end of green phase system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obeng-Boampong, Kwaku Oduro

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of dilemma zone protection and red-light-running is especially important in certain rural intersections due to the higher speeds at these intersections and their isolated nature. In addition, the presence of a larger percentage...

  8. Applying a microfluidic 'deformability cytometry' to measure stiffness of malaria-infected red blood cells at body and febrile temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Sha, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Red blood cells (RBCs) undergo repeated deformation as they traverse blood vessel, capillaries and splenic cords; RBC deformability is therefore crucial in maintaining normal blood circulation. During falciparum malaria, ...

  9. Blood, sweat and tears : a case study of the development of cultured red blood cells for transfusion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Emma Katharine

    2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is an in-depth case study of an interdisciplinary, paradigm breaking, research team who are seeking to develop cultured red blood cells (RBCs) for transfusion using stem cells (known as the BloodPharma project). ...

  10. Predicting the Potential Worldwide Distribution of the Red Palm Weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) using Ecological Niche Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiaboe, K. K. M.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Kairo, M. T. K.; Roda, A. L.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The red palm weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), ranks among the most important pests of various palm species. The pest originates from South and Southeast Asia, but has expanded ...

  11. Routine metabolism and critical oxygen concentration for juvenile red drum Sciaenops ocellatus as functions of water hardness and salinity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlechte, John Warren

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ROUTINE METABOLISM AND CRITICAL OXYGEN CONCENTRATION FOR JUVENILE RED DRUM SCIAENOPS OCELLATUS AS FUNCTIONS OF WATER HARDNESS AND SALINITY A Thesis by JOHN WARREN SCHLECHTE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studie~ of Texas A&M University... in partial fulf illmert of the r equirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENLF May 19BS' Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences RQLIT INE METABOL I SM AND CRITICAL OXYGEN CONCENTRAT ION FOR JUVENILE RED DRUM SCIAENOPS QCELLATUS AS FUNCTIONS QF...

  12. The Formation of the Hubble Sequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher J. Conselice

    2003-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The history of galaxy formation via star formation and stellar mass assembly rates is now known with some certainty, yet the connection between high redshift and low redshift galaxy populations is not yet clear. By identifying and studying individual massive galaxies at high-redshifts, z > 1.5, we can possibly uncover the physical effects driving galaxy formation. Using the structures of high-z galaxies, as imaged with the Hubble Space Telescope, we argue that it is now possible to directly study the progenitors of ellipticals and disks. We also briefly describe early results that suggest many massive galaxies are forming at z > 2 through major mergers.

  13. HYDROCARBON FORMATION ON POLYMER-SUPPORTED COBALT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benner, Linda S.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NV~ August 25-29, 1980 HYDROCARBON FORMATION ON POLYMER-catalyzed reduction of CO to hydrocarbons Tropscb. Among theof CO to saturated linear hydrocarbons and appears to retain

  14. Modeling deposit formation in diesel injector nozzle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudhiesh Kumar, Chintoo

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Formation of deposit in the diesel injector nozzle affects the injection behavior and hinders performance. Under running condition, deposit precursors are washed away by the ensuing injection. However, during the cool down ...

  15. Electromagnetic formation flight of satellite arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Daniel W., 1980-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proposed methods of actuating spacecraft in sparse aperture arrays use propellant as a reaction mass. For formation flying systems, propellant becomes a critical consumable which can be quickly exhausted while maintaining ...

  16. A possible formation channel for blue hook stars in globular cluster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lei, Zhenxin; Zhang, Fenghui; Han, Zhanwen

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The formation mechanism for blue hook (BHk) stars in globular clusters (GCs) is still unclear. Following one of the possible scenario, named late hot flash scenario, we proposed that tidally enhanced stellar wind in binary evolution may provide the huge mass loss on the red giant branch (RGB) and produce BHk stars. Employing the detailed stellar evolution code, Modules for Experiments in Stellar Astrophysics (MESA), we investigated the contributions of tidally enhanced stellar wind as a possible formation channel for BHk stars in GCs. We evolved the primary stars with different initial orbital periods using the binary module in MESA (version 6208) from zero age main-sequence (ZAMS) to post horizontal branch (HB) stage, and obtained their evolution parameters which are compared with the observation. The results are consistent with observation in the color-magnitude diagram (CMD) and the logg-Teff plane for NGC 2808, which is an example GC hosting BHk stars. However, the helium abundance in the surface for our ...

  17. Determination of hydraulic conductivities of low permeability materials in the Sierra Ladrones Formation, Albuquerque basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Planert, C.S.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Low permeability materials in the Sierra Ladrones Formation were sampled and analyzed to determine their hydraulic conductivities using the falling head centrifugation method (fc) as described by Nimmo et al. (1991). The method is similar to the traditional falling head method, only it uses greatly increased centrifugal forces, allowing measurements to make in a relatively short amount of time. Using these measurements, variations in saturated hydraulic conductivities between different sediment types were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Sampling resulted in useable data chiefly from the clay and silt facies of the formation. The range of conductivities determined are representative of brown and red clays, and silts which make up the overbank deposits of this region. Hydraulic conductivities for these overbank fines were found to range from approximately log K = {minus}9 m/s to log K = {minus}7 m/s. The upper measurement limit of the centrifuge apparatus was determined to be approximately 1.43 {times} 10{sup {minus}7} m/s and the lower limit was approximately 7.6 {times} 10{sup {minus}12} m/s.

  18. Cyclic Imide Dioxime: Formation and Hydrolytic Stability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, S.O. [University of Kansas; Vukovic, Sinisa [ORNL; Custelcean, Radu [ORNL; Hay, Benjamin [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Poly(acrylamidoximes) play an important role in the uranium extraction from seawater. The present work reports solution studies of simple analogs to address the formation and stability of two binding sites present in these polymers, open-chain amidoximes and cyclic imide dioximes, including: 1) conditions that maximize the formation of the cyclic form, 2) existence of a base-induced conversion from open-chain to cyclic form, and 3) degradation under acid and base conditions.

  19. Situ microbial plugging process for subterranean formations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McInerney, Michael J. (Norman, OK); Jenneman, Gary E. (Norman, OK); Knapp, Roy M. (Norman, OK); Menzie, Donald E. (Norman, OK)

    1985-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Subterranean paths of water flow are impeded or changed by the facilitation of microbial growth therein. Either indigenous bacterial growth may be stimulated with nutrients or the formation may be first seeded with bacteria or their spores which inhibit fluid flow after proliferation. These methods and bacteria are usable to alter the flow of water in a waterflooded oil formation and to impede the outflow of contaminated water.

  20. Formation evaluation MWD enters new capability realm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hearn, F. (Baker Hughes INTEQ, Houston, TX (United States))

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent industry advances in formation evaluation measurement-while-drilling (FEMWD) have been achieved in well log data acquisition quality and in geosteering drilling applications. This paper presents new technology as applied by Baker Hughes INTEQ which includes: geosteering techniques which help navigate through horizontally drilled reservoirs including improved quality dual propagation resistivity, neutron-porosity and formation-density measurements; predictive modeling of tool responses in reservoir geosteering applications; environmental computer modeling which aids interpretation, including tool eccentering; and new measurement enhancements.

  1. Triggered star formation in the Magellanic Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. G. Elmegreen; J. Palous; Kenji Bekki

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract. We discuss how tidal interaction between the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC), and the Galaxy triggers galaxy-wide star formation in the Clouds for the last ? 0.2 Gyr based on our chemodynamical simulations on the Clouds. Our simulations demonstrate that the tidal interaction induces the formation of asymmetric spiral arms with high gas densities and consequently triggers star formation within the arms in the LMC. Star formation rate in the present LMC is significantly enhanced just above the eastern edge of the LMC’s stellar bar owing to the tidal interaction. The location of the enhanced star formation is very similar to the observed location of 30 Doradus, which suggests that the formation of 30 Doradus is closely associated with the last Magellanic collision about 0.2 Gyr ago. The tidal interaction can dramatically compress gas initially within the outer part of the SMC so that new stars can be formed from the gas to become intergalactic young stars in the inter-Cloud region (e.g., the Magellanic Bridge). The metallicity distribution function of the newly formed stars in the Magellanic Bridge has a peak of [Fe/H] ? ?0.8, which is significantly lower than the stellar metallicity of the SMC.

  2. PHOTOMETRIC REDSHIFTS AND SYSTEMATIC VARIATIONS IN THE SPECTRAL ENERGY DISTRIBUTIONS OF LUMINOUS RED GALAXIES FROM SDSS DR7

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greisel, N.; Seitz, S.; Bender, R.; Saglia, R. P.; Snigula, J. [Universitaets-Sternwarte Muenchen, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, Scheinerstr. 1, D-81679 Muenchen (Germany); Drory, N., E-mail: greisel@usm.lmu.de [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the construction of a template set of spectral energy distributions (SEDs) for the estimation of photometric redshifts of luminous red galaxies (LRGs) with a Bayesian template fitting method. By examining the color properties of several publicly available SED sets within a redshift range of 0 < z {approx}< 0.5 and comparing them to Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 7 data, we show that only some of the investigated SEDs approximately match the colors of the LRG data throughout the redshift range, however not at the quantitative level required for precise photometric redshifts. This is because the SEDs of galaxies evolve with time (and redshift) and because at fixed redshift the LRG colors have an intrinsic spread such that they cannot be matched by one SED only. We generate new SEDs by superposing model SEDs of composite stellar populations with a burst model, allowing both components to be reddened by dust, in order to match the data in five different redshift bins. We select a set of SEDs which represents the LRG data in color space within five redshift bins, thus defining our new SED template set for photometric redshift estimates. The results we obtain with the new template set and our Bayesian template fitting photometric redshift code (PhotoZ) are nearly unbiased, with a scatter of {sigma}{sub {Delta}z} = 0.027 (including outliers), a fraction of catastrophic outliers (|z{sub phot} - z{sub spec}|/(1 + z{sub spec}) > 0.15) of {eta} = 0.12%, and a normalized median absolute rest frame deviation (NMAD) of {sigma}{sub NMAD} = 1.48 Multiplication-Sign MAD = 0.017 for non-outliers. We show that templates that optimally describe the brightest galaxies (-24.5 {<=} M{sub R} {<=} -22.7) indeed vary from z = 0.1 to z = 0.5, consistent with aging of the stellar population. Furthermore, we find that templates that optimally describe galaxies at z < 0.1 strongly differ as a function of the absolute magnitude of the galaxies, indicating an increase in star formation activity for less luminous galaxies. Our findings based on the photometry of the SDSS LRGs and our SED template fitting are supported by comparison to the average SDSS LRG spectra in different luminosity and redshift bins.

  3. Creating and maintaining a gas cap in tar sands formations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX); Dinkoruk, Deniz Sumnu (Houston, TX); Wellington, Scott Lee (Bellaire, TX)

    2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for treating a tar sands formation are disclosed herein. Methods for treating a tar sands formation may include providing heat to at least part of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from one or more heaters located in the formation. Pressure may be allowed to increase in an upper portion of the formation to provide a gas cap in the upper portion. At least some hydrocarbons are produced from a lower portion of the formation.

  4. THE ROLE OF PLANET ACCRETION IN CREATING THE NEXT GENERATION OF RED GIANT RAPID ROTATORS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlberg, Joleen K.; Majewski, Steven R.; Arras, Phil [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States)], E-mail: jkm9n@virginia.edu, E-mail: srm4n@virginia.edu, E-mail: pla7y@virginia.edu

    2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapid rotation in field red giant stars is a relatively rare but well-studied phenomenon; here we investigate the potential role of planet accretion in spinning up these stars. Using Zahn's theory of tidal friction and stellar evolution models, we compute the decay of a planet's orbit into its evolving host star and the resulting transfer of angular momentum into the stellar convective envelope. This experiment assesses the frequency of planet ingestion and rapid rotation on the red giant branch (RGB) for a sample of 99 known exoplanet host stars. We find that the known exoplanets are indeed capable of creating rapid rotators; however, the expected fraction due to planet ingestion is only {approx} 10% of the total seen in surveys of present-day red giants. Of the planets ingested, we find that those with smaller initial semimajor axes are more likely to create rapid rotators because these planets are accreted when the stellar moment of inertia is smallest. We also find that many planets may be ingested prior to the RGB phase, contrary to the expectation that accretion would generally occur when the stellar radii expand significantly as giants. Finally, our models suggest that the rapid rotation signal from ingested planets is most likely to be seen on the lower RGB, which is also where alternative mechanisms for spin-up, e.g., angular momentum dredged up from the stellar core, do not operate. Thus, rapid rotators on the lower RGB are the best candidates to search for definitive evidence of systems that have experienced planet accretion.

  5. Red Fork sandstones (lower Pennsylvanian) in deeper parts of Anadarko basin, Oklahoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whiting, P.H.; Levine, S.D.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Red Fork sandstones in the deeper part of the Anadarko basin are the downdip equivalents of fluvial and deltaic sandstones in the Cherokee Group. The sandstones have repetitive, ordered sequences of sedimentary structures in vertical section. Individual bedsets display sharp basal contacts, gradational tops, and contorted bedding. The characteristics indicate these basinal sandstones were deposited by turbidity currents. The sandstones occur as narrow, linear constructional channels that are dip-trending. The lateral change from channel-fill to overbank facies takes place abruptly. The sandstones are very fine-grained litharenites with an average composition of 58% quartz, 8% feldspar, 17% rock fragments, 5% other grains, and 12% matrix. Cement consists mainly of calcite ranging from 2 to 40% of the bulk volume. Quartz content tends to decrease upward and matrix increases upward within bedsets. The compositional grading is accompanied by a decrease in grain size upward within bedsets, indicating deposition during a decreasing flow-regime. Red Fork sandstones are low-permeability reservoirs with an average porosity and permeability of 7.8% and 0.1 md, respectively. Natural gas reservoirs occur mainly in the thicker, channel sequences. The bedding character of the channel and overbank facies is reflected in ..gamma..-ray log responses. Log characters of the two facies are used to interpret turbidite sections of uncored areas. The interpretations are adapted to the East Clinton field for prediction of constuctional channel reservoirs. The interpretation of dip-trending turbidite deposits may aid in exploration and development of the Red Fork sandstones.

  6. On the helium flash in low-mass Population III Red Giant stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Schlattl; S. Cassisi; M. Salaris; A. Weiss

    2001-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the evolution of initially metal-free, low-mass Red Giant stars through the He core flash at the tip of the Red Giant Branch. The low entropy barrier between the helium- and hydrogen-rich layers enables a penetration of the helium flash driven convective zone into the inner tail of the extinguishing H-burning shell. As a consequence, protons are mixed into high-temperature regions triggering a H-burning runaway. The subsequent dredge-up of matter processed by He and H burning enriches the stellar surface with large amounts of helium, carbon and nitrogen. Extending previous results by Hollowell et al. (1990) and Fujimoto et al. (2000), who claimed that the H-burning runaway is an intrinsic property of extremely metal-poor low-mass stars, we found that its occurrence depends on additional parameters like the initial composition and the treatment of various physical processes. We perform some comparisons between predicted surface chemical abundances and observational measurements for extremely metal-deficient stars. As in previous investigations, our results disclose that although the described scenario provides a good qualitative agreement with observations, considerable discrepancies still remain. They may be due to a more complex evolutionary path of `real' stars, and/or some shortcomings in current evolutionary models. In addition, we analyze the evolutionary properties after the He core flash, during both the central and shell He-burning phases, allowing us to deduce some interesting differences between models whose Red Giant Branch progenitor has experienced the H-flash and canonical models. In particular, the Asymptotic Giant Branch evolution of extremely metal-deficient stars and the occurrence of thermal pulses are strongly affected by the previous RGB evolution.

  7. MULTI-WAVELENGTH RADIO CONTINUUM EMISSION STUDIES OF DUST-FREE RED GIANTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Gorman, Eamon; Harper, Graham M. [School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Brown, Alexander [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, 389 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Drake, Stephen [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Richards, Anita M. S. [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom)

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multi-wavelength centimeter continuum observations of non-dusty, non-pulsating K spectral-type red giants directly sample their chromospheres and wind acceleration zones. Such stars are feeble emitters at these wavelengths, however, and previous observations have provided only a small number of modest signal-to-noise measurements slowly accumulated over three decades. We present multi-wavelength Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array thermal continuum observations of the wind acceleration zones of two dust-free red giants, Arcturus (? Boo: K2 III) and Aldebaran (? Tau: K5 III). Importantly, most of our observations of each star were carried out over just a few days, so that we obtained a snapshot of the different stellar atmospheric layers sampled at different wavelengths, independent of any long-term variability. We report the first detections at several wavelengths for each star including a detection at 10 cm (3.0 GHz: S band) for both stars and a 20 cm (1.5 GHz: L band) detection for ? Boo. This is the first time single (non-binary) luminosity class III red giants have been detected at these continuum wavelengths. Our long-wavelength data sample the outer layers of ? Boo's atmosphere where its wind velocity is approaching (or possibly has reached) its terminal value and the ionization balance is becoming frozen-in. For ? Tau, however, our long-wavelength data are still sampling its inner atmosphere, where the wind is still accelerating probably due to its lower mass-loss rate. We compare our data with published semi-empirical models based on ultraviolet data, and the marked deviations highlight the need for new atmospheric models to be developed. Spectral indices are used to discuss the possible properties of the stellar atmospheres, and we find evidence for a rapidly cooling wind in the case of ? Boo. Finally, we develop a simple analytical wind model for ? Boo based on our new long-wavelength flux measurements.

  8. California Red Scale and its Control in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, S. W. (Sherman Wood); Friend, W. H. (William Heartsill)

    1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of these experiments, rein- festation occurred within a period of five months following the treatments. Oil emulsion sprays of the quick-breaking type, in which medium to heavy oils are used, have given very satisfactory control of red scale when applied... thoroughly at the proper season. Emulsions of this typz were more effective and safer to use than the soap, oil, and water combinations. Hard water adds to the complications incident to the use of the soap emulsions. Most of the proprietary oil sprays...

  9. Acorn production in northern red oak stands in northwestern Pennsylvania. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auchmoody, L.R.; Smith, H.C.; Walters, R.S.

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Northern red oak acorn production was measured in 21 maturing stands on good sites in northwestern Pennsylvania. The number of acorns produced per acre varied from a low of 7,000 to nearly 273,000. Acorns were produced in all years. In no year was there consistently good acorn production at all areas, nor was there a good crop for more than two consecutive years at any location. Freezing temperatures when oaks were in flower was a major factor affecting acorn production on the Allegheny Plateau.

  10. Planting northern red oak acorns: Is size and planting depth important. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auchmoody, L.R.; Smith, H.C.; Walters, R.S.

    1994-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A study was conducted in northern Pennsylvania to determine whether predation by small mammals and insects is related to the size of red oak acorns. Three sizes of acorns were used along with two planting techniques and three levels of overstory shading. Three-year results indicated that acorn size is not a factor in mammal and insect predation. Acorn size did not affect 3-year survival. Although 3-year total height growth was statistically different after 3 years, the differences were too small for practical use.

  11. Depositional environment of Red Fork sandstones, deep Anadarko Basin, western Oklahoma 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whiting, Philip Howard

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    County (Fig. 2). The thicknesses of the sandstone sequences increases upward from 2. 0 cm to 30. 0 cm. These sandstones are characterized by repetitive sequences of laminated and rippled sandstones overlain by thin pelacic shales. The cored interval... Sedimentary structures in the Red Fork sandstones, Woods Switzer "C" 5-1 (photographs A through D), Southwest Leedey Field, 5-15N-21W, Roger Mills County, and Gulf Sprowls 1 (photographs E through J), 28-13N-23W, Roger Mills County. Boldface letters (lower...

  12. Lift and down-gradient shear-induced diffusion in Red Blood Cell suspensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xavier Grandchamp; Gwennou Coupier; Aparna Srivastav; Christophe Minetti; Thomas Podgorski

    2013-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The distribution of Red Blood Cells in a confined channel flow is inhomogeneous and shows a marked depletion near the walls due to a competition between migration away from the walls and shear-induced diffusion resulting from interactions between particles. We investigated the lift of RBCs in a shear flow near a wall and measured a significant lift velocity despite the tumbling motion of cells. We also provide values for the collective and anisotropic shear-induced diffusion of a cloud of RBCs, both in the direction of shear and in the direction of vorticity. A generic down-gradient subdiffusion characterized by an exponent 1/3 is highlighted.

  13. A model for red blood cells in simulations of large-scale blood flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simone Melchionna

    2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Red blood cells (RBCs) are an essential component of blood. A method to include the particulate nature of blood is introduced here with the goal of studying circulation in large-scale realistic vessels. The method uses a combination of the Lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) to account for the plasma motion, and a modified Molecular Dynamics scheme for the cellular motion. Numerical results illustrate the quality of the model in reproducing known rheological properties of blood as much as revealing the effect of RBC structuring on the wall shear stress, with consequences on the development of cardiovascular diseases.

  14. Open-system respirometry in intensive aquaculture: model validation and application to red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oborny, Edmund Lee

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    be converted into caloric units of metabolic energy by applying the oxycaloric equivalent derived from earlier studies with homeotherms (Brody 1945, Kleiber 1961). However, since the principal energy sources in carnivorous fish, such as red drum, are lipid..., was performed by taking the initial weight in grams of all fish collectively in a particular tank times the % dry matter and, then, multiplying that number by the caloric yield of the initial sample in kcals g ' to give a value of kcals of initial energy...

  15. V-233: Red Hat update for JBoss Fuse | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sureReportsofDepartmentSeries |Attacks | Department of Energy3: Red Hat

  16. V-041: Red Hat CloudForms Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems Analysis Success|SustainableDepartmentregulations.gov to1: Red Hat

  17. Redbird Red Habitat for Humanity Net Zero Energy Home Project Summary

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010InJanuary 29, 2013Redbird Red Habitat for Humanity

  18. Hydrogen Bubbles and Formation of Nanoporous Silicon during Electroche...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bubbles and Formation of Nanoporous Silicon during Electrochemical Etching. Hydrogen Bubbles and Formation of Nanoporous Silicon during Electrochemical Etching. Abstract: Many...

  19. NO Adsorption on Ultrathin O Films: Formation of Nitrite and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Adsorption on Ultrathin O Films: Formation of Nitrite and Nitrate Species. NO Adsorption on Ultrathin O Films: Formation of Nitrite and Nitrate Species. Abstract: Interaction of...

  20. Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    & Publications Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries...

  1. Atomistic Model for the Polyamide Formation from ?-Lactam...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Model for the Polyamide Formation from ?-Lactam Catalyzed by Candida Antarctica Lipase B. Atomistic Model for the Polyamide Formation from ?-Lactam Catalyzed by Candida...

  2. Fayalite Dissolution and Siderite Formation in Water-Saturated...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fayalite Dissolution and Siderite Formation in Water-Saturated Supercritical CO2. Fayalite Dissolution and Siderite Formation in Water-Saturated Supercritical CO2. Abstract:...

  3. Cryogenic CO2 Formation on Oxidized Gold Clusters Synthesized...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cryogenic CO2 Formation on Oxidized Gold Clusters Synthesized via Reactive Layer Assisted Deposition. Cryogenic CO2 Formation on Oxidized Gold Clusters Synthesized via Reactive...

  4. Mixed-mode diesel HCCI with External Mixture Formation: Preliminary...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Mixed-mode diesel HCCI with External Mixture Formation: Preliminary Results Mixed-mode diesel HCCI with External Mixture Formation: Preliminary Results 2003 DEER Conference...

  5. Predicting Nickel Precipitate Formation in Contaminated Soils. (3717)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    Predicting Nickel Precipitate Formation in Contaminated Soils. (3717) Authors: E. Peltier* - Univ controlling precipitate formation is still needed. In this study, we have combined experimental data on nickel

  6. ash formation deposition: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    deep-water depositional systems : the upper Miocene Upper Mount messenger formation, Taranaki Basin, New Zealand and Pliocene Repetto and Pico formations, Ventura Basin,...

  7. ash deposit formation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    deep-water depositional systems : the upper Miocene Upper Mount messenger formation, Taranaki Basin, New Zealand and Pliocene Repetto and Pico formations, Ventura Basin,...

  8. Brown carbon formation from ketoaldehydes of biogenic monoterpenes...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brown carbon formation from ketoaldehydes of biogenic monoterpenes. Brown carbon formation from ketoaldehydes of biogenic monoterpenes. Abstract: Sources and chemical composition...

  9. Effects of Ambient Density and Temperature on Soot Formation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Density and Temperature on Soot Formation under High-EGR Conditions Effects of Ambient Density and Temperature on Soot Formation under High-EGR Conditions Presentation given at...

  10. DUAL HALOS AND FORMATION OF EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Hong Soo; Lee, Myung Gyoon, E-mail: hspark@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: mglee@astro.snu.ac.kr [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a determination of the two-dimensional shape parameters of the blue and red globular cluster systems (GCSs) in a large number of elliptical galaxies and lenticular galaxies (early-type galaxies, called ETGs). We use a homogeneous data set of the globular clusters in 23 ETGs obtained from the HST/ACS Virgo Cluster Survey. The position angles of both blue and red GCSs show a correlation with those of the stellar light distribution, showing that the major axes of the GCSs are well aligned with those of their host galaxies. However, the shapes of the red GCSs show a tight correlation with the stellar light distribution as well as with the rotation property of their host galaxies, while the shapes of the blue GCSs do much less. These provide clear geometric evidence that the origins of the blue and red globular clusters are distinct and that ETGs may have dual halos: a blue (metal-poor) halo and a red (metal-rich) halo. These two halos show significant differences in metallicity, structure, and kinematics, indicating that they are formed in two distinguishable ways. The red halos might have formed via dissipational processes with rotation, while the blue halos are through accretion.

  11. PHYSICAL REVIEW E 85, 051904 (2012) Reversibility of red blood cell deformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sens, Pierre

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    inside the cell seen in sickle cell anemia or a transient external force can trigger the formation deformation are reversible. In sickle cell anemia, a mutation in the hemoglobin (Hg) gene leads

  12. Inhibition of Serratia marcescens Smj-11 biofilm formation by Alcaligenes faecalis STN17 crude extract

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lutfi, Zainal; Ahmad, Asmat [School of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Usup, Gires [School of Environmental and Natural Resources Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Serratia marcescens biofilms are formed when they are bound to surfaces in aqueous environments. S. marcescens utilizes N-acylhomoserine lactone (AHL) as its quorum sensing signal molecule. The accumulation of AHL indicates the bacteria to produce matrices to form biofilms. Prodigiosin (2-methyl-3-pentyl-6-methoxyprodigiosin), which causes red pigmentation in the colonies, are also produced when the AHL reaches a certain threshold. The Alcaligenes faecalis STN17 crude extract is believed to inhibit quorum sensing in the S. marcescens Smj-11 and, thus, impedes its biofilm formation ability. A. faecalis STN17 was grown in marine broth, and ethyl acetate extraction was carried out. The crude compound of A. faecalis STN17 was diluted at high concentration (0.2-6.4 mg/mL) and was taken to confirm anti-biofilm activity through the crystal violet method in 96-wells plate. Then, the crude extract underwent purification using simple solvents partitioning test to discern the respective compounds that had the anti-biofilm activity under the crystal violet method. The crystal violet test showed that the crude did have anti-biofilm activity on S. marcescens Smj-11, but did not kill the cells. This finding signifies that the suppression of biofilm formation in S. marcescens by A. faecalis STN17 has a strong correlation. The partitioning test showed that A. faecalis STN17 crude extract has several compounds and only the compound(s) in chloroform showed activities. In conclusion, the crude extract of A. faecalis STN17 has the ability to inhibit S. marcescens Smj-11 biofilm formation.

  13. The Formation and Evolution of Prestellar Cores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philippe André; Shantanu Basu; Shu-ichiro Inutsuka

    2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Improving our understanding of the initial conditions and earliest stages of star formation is crucial to gain insight into the origin of stellar masses, multiple systems, and protoplanetary disks. We review the properties of low-mass dense cores as derived from recent millimeter/submillimeter observations of nearby molecular clouds and discuss them in the context of various contemporary scenarios for cloud core formation and evolution. None of the extreme scenarios can explain all observations. Pure laminar ambipolar diffusion has relatively long growth times for typical ionization levels and has difficulty satisfying core lifetime constraints. Purely hydrodynamic pictures have trouble accounting for the inefficiency of core formation and the detailed velocity structure of individual cores. A possible favorable scenario is a mixed model involving gravitational fragmentation of turbulent molecular clouds close to magnetic criticality. The evolution of the magnetic field and angular momentum in individual cloud cores after the onset of gravitational collapse is also discussed. In particular, we stress the importance of radiation-magnetohydrodynamical processes and resistive MHD effects during the protostellar phase. We also emphasize the role of the formation of the short-lived first (protostellar) core in providing a chance for sub-fragmentation into binary systems and triggering MHD outflows. Future submillimeter facilities such as Herschel and ALMA will soon provide major new observational constraints in this field. On the theoretical side, an important challenge for the future will be to link the formation of molecular clouds and prestellar cores in a coherent picture.

  14. Evaluation of dredged material proposed for ocean disposal from Red Hook/Bay Ridge project areas, New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pinza, M.R.; Barrows, E.S.; Borde, A.B. [Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States)

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the Red HookIBay Ridge project was to evaluate proposed dredged material from these two areas to determine its suitability for unconfined ocean disposal at the Mud Dump Site. Sediment samples were collected from the Red Hook/Bay Ridge project areas. Tests and analyses were conducted. The evaluation of proposed dredged material from the Red Hook/Bay Ridge project areas consisted of bulk sediment chemical analyses, chemical analyses of dredging site water and elutriate, water-column and benthic acute toxicity tests. Twenty-four individual sediment core samples were collected from these two areas and analyzed for grain size, moisture content, and total organic carbon (TOC). Three composite sediment samples, representing Red Hook Channel and the two Bay Ridge Reaches to be dredged, were analyzed for bulk density, specific gravity, metals, chlorinated pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), and 1,4-dichlorobenzene. Dredging site water and elutriate water, which is prepared from the suspended-particulate phase (SPP) of the three Red Hook Bay Ridge sediment composites, were analyzed for metals, pesticides, and PCBS. Benthic acute toxicity tests were performed. Water-column or SPP toxicity tests were performed. Bioaccumulation tests were also conducted.

  15. The Solar Neighborhood XXXVI: The Long-Term Photometric Variability of Nearby Red Dwarfs in the VRI Optical Bands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hosey, Altonio D; Jao, Wei-Chun; Dieterich, Sergio B; Winters, Jennifer G; Lurie, John C; Riedel, Adric R; Subasavage, John P

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an analysis of long-term photometric variability for nearby red dwarfs at optical wavelengths. The sample consists of 264 M dwarfs south of DEC = +30 with V-K = 3.96-9.16 and Mv~10-20 (spectral types M2V-M8V), most of which are within 25 pc. The stars have been observed in the VRI filters for ~4-14 years at the CTIO/SMARTS 0.9m telescope. Of the 238 red dwarfs within 25 pc, we find that only ~8% are photometrically variable by at least 20 mmag (~2%) in the VRI bands. We find that high variability at optical wavelengths over the long-term can be used to identify young stars. Overall, however, the fluxes of most red dwarfs at optical wavelengths are steady to a few percent over the long term. The low overall rate of photometric variability for red dwarfs is consistent with results found in previous work on similar stars on shorter timescales, with the body of work indicating that most red dwarfs are only mildly variable. We highlight 17 stars that show long-term changes in brightness, sometimes becau...

  16. Detection of solar-like oscillations in the bright red giant stars $\\gamma$ Psc and $\\theta^1$ Tau from a 190-day high-precision spectroscopic multisite campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beck, P G; Hillen, M; Corsaro, E; Van Winckel, H; Moravveji, E; De Ridder, J; Bloemen, S; Saesen, S; Mathias, P; Degroote, P; Kallinger, T; Verhoelst, T; Ando, H; Carrier, F; Acke, B; Oreiro, R; Miglio, A; Eggenberger, P; Sato, B; Zwintz, K; Pápics, P I; Marcos-Arenal, P; Fuentes, S A Sans; Schmid, V S; Waelkens, C; Østensen, R; Matthews, J M; Yoshida, M; Izumiura, H; Koyano, H; Nagayama, S; Shimizu, Y; Okada, N; Okita, K; Sakamoto, A; Yamamuro, T; Aerts, C

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Red giants are evolved stars which exhibit solar-like oscillations. Although a multitude of stars have been observed with space telescopes, only a handful of red-giant stars were targets of spectroscopic asteroseismic observing projects. We search for solar-like oscillations in the two bright red-giant stars $\\gamma$ Psc and $\\theta^1$ Tau from time series of ground-based spectroscopy and determine the frequency of the excess of oscillation power $\

  17. Population effects on the red giant clump absolute magnitude The K-band

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salaris, M; Salaris, Maurizio

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a detailed analysis of the behaviour of the Red Clump K-band absolute magnitude (M(K,RC)) in simple and composite stellar populations, in light of its use as standard candle for distance determinations. The advantage of using M(K,RC), following recent empirical calibrations of its value for the solar neighbourhood, arises from its very low sensitivity to the extinction by interstellar dust. We provide data and equations which allow the determination of the K-band population correction Delta(M(K,RC)) (difference between the Red Clump brightness in the solar neighbourhood and in the population under scrutiny) for any generic stellar population. These data complement the results presented in Girardi & Salaris(2001) for the V- and I-band. We show how data from galactic open clusters consistently support our predicted Delta(M(V,RC)), Delta(M(I,RC)) and Delta(M(K,RC)) values. Multiband VIK population corrections for various galaxy systems are provided. They can be used in conjunction with the method ...

  18. Internal Alignments of Red Versus Blue Discs in Dark Matter Halos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debattista, Victor P; Roskar, Rok; Quinn, Thomas; Moore, Ben; Cole, David R

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large surveys have shown that red galaxies are preferentially aligned with their halos while blue galaxies have a more isotropic distribution. Since halos generally align with their filaments this introduces a bias in the measurement of the cosmic shear from weak lensing. It is therefore vitally important to understand why this difference arises. We explore the stability of different disc orientations within triaxial halos. We show that, in the absence of gas, the disc orientation is most stable when its spin is along the minor axis of the halo. Instead when gas cools onto a disc it is able to form in almost arbitrary orientation, including off the main planes of the halo (but avoiding an orientation perpendicular to the halo's intermediate axis). Substructure helps gasless galaxies reach alignment with the halo faster, but have less effect on galaxies when gas is cooling onto the disc. Our results provide a novel and natural interpretation for why red, gas poor galaxies are preferentially aligned with their ...

  19. FIRST-2MASS RED QUASARS: TRANSITIONAL OBJECTS EMERGING FROM THE DUST

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glikman, Eilat [Department of Physics and Yale Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208121, New Haven, CT 06520-8121 (United States); Urrutia, Tanya [Leibniz Institut fuer Astrophysik, An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany); Lacy, Mark [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Djorgovski, S. George; Mahabal, Ashish [Astronomy Department, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Myers, Adam D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071 (United States); Ross, Nicholas P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 92420 (United States); Petitjean, Patrick [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR7095 CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 98 bis bd Arago, F-75014 Paris (France); Ge, Jian [Astronomy Department, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, P.O. Box 112055, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Schneider, Donald P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); York, Donald G., E-mail: eilat.glikman@yale.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

    2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a sample of 120 dust-reddened quasars identified by matching radio sources detected at 1.4 GHz in the Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty Centimeters survey with the near-infrared Two Micron All Sky Survey catalog and color-selecting red sources. Optical and/or near-infrared spectroscopy provide broad wavelength sampling of their spectral energy distributions that we use to determine their reddening, characterized by E(B - V). We demonstrate that the reddening in these quasars is best described by Small-Magellanic-Cloud-like dust. This sample spans a wide range in redshift and reddening (0.1 {approx}< z {approx}< 3, 0.1 {approx}< E(B - V) {approx}< 1.5), which we use to investigate the possible correlation of luminosity with reddening. At every redshift, dust-reddened quasars are intrinsically the most luminous quasars. We interpret this result in the context of merger-driven quasar/galaxy co-evolution where these reddened quasars are revealing an emergent phase during which the heavily obscured quasar is shedding its cocoon of dust prior to becoming a 'normal' blue quasar. When correcting for extinction, we find that, depending on how the parent population is defined, these red quasars make up {approx}< 15%-20% of the luminous quasar population. We estimate, based on the fraction of objects in this phase, that its duration is 15%-20% as long as the unobscured, blue quasar phase.

  20. Surface-emitting superconductor laser spectroscopy for characterizing normal and sickled red blood cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gourley, P.L.; Meissner, K.E.; Brennan, T.M.; Hammons, B.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gourley, M.F. [National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (United States)

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have developed a new intracavity laser technique that uses a living or a fixed cell as an integral component of the laser. The cells are placed on an AlGaAs/GaAs surface-emitting semiconductor wafer and covered with a glass dielectric mirror to form a laser resonator. In this arrangement, the cells serve as optical waveguides (or lens elements) to confine (or focus) light generated in the resonator by the semiconductor. Because of the high transparency, the cells aid the lasing process to generate laser light. This ultra sensitive laser provides a novel imaging/spectroscopic technique for histologic examination which we demonstrate with normal and sickled human red blood cells. Extremely high contrast microscopic images of the cells are observed near 830-850 nm. These images correspond to electromagnetic modes of cell structures and are sensitive to shape of the cell. Using a high resolution spectrometer, we resolve the light emitted from these images into very narrow spectral peaks associated with the lasing modes. Analysis of the spectra reveals that the distribution of peaks is quite different for normal and sickled red blood cells. This technique, in a more developed form, may be useful for the rapid analysis of other kinds of normal and abnormal cells.