Rios, A. B. [Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnologia--Universidad Nacional de San Martin (UNSAM) (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (CONICET) (Argentina); Valda, A.; Somacal, H. [Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnologia-Universidad Nacional de San Martin (UNSAM) (Argentina); Laboratorio Tandar, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (CNEA) (Argentina)
2007-10-26
Usually tomographic procedure requires a set of projections around the object under study and a mathematical processing of such projections through reconstruction algorithms. An accurate reconstruction requires a proper number of projections (angular sampling) and a proper number of elements in each projection (linear sampling). However in several practical cases it is not possible to fulfill these conditions leading to the so-called problem of few projections. In this case, iterative reconstruction algorithms are more suitable than analytic ones. In this work we present a program written in C++ that provides an environment for two iterative algorithm implementations, one algebraic and the other statistical. The software allows the user a full definition of the acquisition and reconstruction geometries used for the reconstruction algorithms but also to perform projection and backprojection operations. A set of analysis tools was implemented for the characterization of the convergence process. We analyze the performance of the algorithms on numerical phantoms and present the reconstruction of experimental data with few projections coming from transmission X-ray and micro PIXE (Particle-Induced X-Ray Emission) images.
Vasudevamurthy, Gokul
2004-09-30
and compatibility of different available software used in three dimensional reconstruction and high level programming. After a detailed analysis, MATLAB and RHINO CAD20 (Rhino 3.0) based on the NURBS methodology were selected to solve the TSP-SA and NURBS three...-dimensional Reconstruction. A free evaluation copy of the RHINO CAD was used to demonstrate the capability of the technique. Advanced features of the NURBS RHINO CAD?s? surface modeling tools like the rail revolve, match, and other advanced commands were studied and were...
Cai, C.; Rodet, T.; Mohammad-Djafari, A.; Legoupil, S.
2013-11-15
Purpose: Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) makes it possible to get two fractions of basis materials without segmentation. One is the soft-tissue equivalent water fraction and the other is the hard-matter equivalent bone fraction. Practical DECT measurements are usually obtained with polychromatic x-ray beams. Existing reconstruction approaches based on linear forward models without counting the beam polychromaticity fail to estimate the correct decomposition fractions and result in beam-hardening artifacts (BHA). The existing BHA correction approaches either need to refer to calibration measurements or suffer from the noise amplification caused by the negative-log preprocessing and the ill-conditioned water and bone separation problem. To overcome these problems, statistical DECT reconstruction approaches based on nonlinear forward models counting the beam polychromaticity show great potential for giving accurate fraction images.Methods: This work proposes a full-spectral Bayesian reconstruction approach which allows the reconstruction of high quality fraction images from ordinary polychromatic measurements. This approach is based on a Gaussian noise model with unknown variance assigned directly to the projections without taking negative-log. Referring to Bayesian inferences, the decomposition fractions and observation variance are estimated by using the joint maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimation method. Subject to an adaptive prior model assigned to the variance, the joint estimation problem is then simplified into a single estimation problem. It transforms the joint MAP estimation problem into a minimization problem with a nonquadratic cost function. To solve it, the use of a monotone conjugate gradient algorithm with suboptimal descent steps is proposed.Results: The performance of the proposed approach is analyzed with both simulated and experimental data. The results show that the proposed Bayesian approach is robust to noise and materials. It is also necessary to have the accurate spectrum information about the source-detector system. When dealing with experimental data, the spectrum can be predicted by a Monte Carlo simulator. For the materials between water and bone, less than 5% separation errors are observed on the estimated decomposition fractions.Conclusions: The proposed approach is a statistical reconstruction approach based on a nonlinear forward model counting the full beam polychromaticity and applied directly to the projections without taking negative-log. Compared to the approaches based on linear forward models and the BHA correction approaches, it has advantages in noise robustness and reconstruction accuracy.
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Apply Application Process Bringing together top, space science students with internationally recognized researchers at Los Alamos in an educational and collaborative atmosphere....
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O D SFederal FacilityApplicantOffice ofApply Application
Horn, Berthold Klaus Paul
Dynamic reconstruction is a method for generating images or image sequences from data obtained using moving radiation detection systems. While coded apertures are used as examples of the underlying information collection ...
Machine learning approach to reconstructing signalling pathways and interaction networks in biology
Dondelinger, Frank
2013-07-02
In this doctoral thesis, I present my research into applying machine learning techniques for reconstructing species interaction networks in ecology, reconstructing molecular signalling pathways and gene regulatory networks ...
CX-009291: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Reconstructing Paleo-SMT Positions on the Cascadia Margin Using Magnetic Susceptibility CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/07/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory
CX-009287: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Reconstructing Paleo-SMT Positions on the Cascadia Margin Using Magnetic Susceptibility CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 09/07/2012 Location(s): New Hampshire Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory
Fracture aperture reconstruction and determination of hydrological properties: a
Toussaint, Renaud
Fracture aperture reconstruction and determination of hydrological properties: a case study for fracture aperture reconstruction. The rst one is a correlation technique that estimates the normal aper techniques are applied to discontinuities extracted from a core drilled down to 20 m in a fractured marl
Polygonization of volumetric reconstructions from silhouettes Anselmo Antunes Montenegro
de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique
Polygonization of volumetric reconstructions from silhouettes Anselmo Antunes Montenegro a quadratic error expressed in terms of hermitian data. In or- der to apply dual contouring on volumetric on volumetric reconstruction, commonly known as Space Carving or Voxel Coloring. Volumetric based methods rely
Review of structure representation and reconstruction on mesoscale and microscale
Li, Dongsheng
2014-05-01
Structure representation and reconstruction on mesoscale and microscale is critical in material design, advanced manufacturing and multiscale modeling. Microstructure reconstruction has been applied in different areas of materials science and technology, structural materials, energy materials, geology, hydrology, etc. This review summarizes the microstructure descriptors and formulations used to represent and algorithms to reconstruct structures at microscale and mesoscale. In the stochastic methods using correlation function, different optimization approaches have been adapted for objective function minimization. A variety of reconstruction approaches are compared in efficiency and accuracy.
Introduction Algebraic Reconstruction Methods (ARM's)
Vuik, Kees
Introduction Algebraic Reconstruction Methods (ARM's) Discrete Tomography Research Goals Robust #12;Introduction Algebraic Reconstruction Methods (ARM's) Discrete Tomography Research Goals Layout 1 Introduction 2 Algebraic Reconstruction Methods (ARM's) Model Description ART, SIRT and SART ARM Experiments 3
Robust Reconstruction of Complex Networks from Sparse Data
Han, Xiao; Wang, Wen-Xu; Di, Zengru
2015-01-01
Reconstructing complex networks from measurable data is a fundamental problem for understanding and controlling collective dynamics of complex networked systems. However, a significant challenge arises when we attempt to decode structural information hidden in limited amounts of data accompanied by noise and in the presence of inaccessible nodes. Here, we develop a general framework for robust reconstruction of complex networks from sparse and noisy data. Specifically, we decompose the task of reconstructing the whole network into recovering local structures centered at each node. Thus, the natural sparsity of complex networks ensures a conversion from the local structure reconstruction into a sparse signal reconstruction problem that can be addressed by using the lasso, a convex optimization method. We apply our method to evolutionary games, transportation and communication processes taking place in a variety of model and real complex networks, finding that universal high reconstruction accuracy can be achie...
Sevil Salur
2010-04-30
To precisely measure jets over a large background such as pile up in high luminosity p+p collisions at LHC, a new generation of jet reconstruction algorithms is developed. These algorithms are also applicable to reconstruct jets in the heavy ion environment where large event multiplicities are produced. Energy loss in the medium created in heavy ion collisions are already observed indirectly via inclusive hadron distributions and di-hadron correlations. Jets can be used to study this energy loss in detail with reduced biases. We review the latest results on jet-medium interactions as seen in A+A collisions at RHIC, focusing on the recent progress on jet reconstruction in heavy ion collisions.
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Current research topics by the Applied Math Faculty members include: Numerical analysis and applications of finite difference, finite element and spectral ...
Parallel ptychographic reconstruction
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Nashed, Youssef S. G.; Vine, David J.; Peterka, Tom; Deng, Junjing; Ross, Rob; Jacobsen, Chris
2014-12-19
Ptychography is an imaging method whereby a coherent beam is scanned across an object, and an image is obtained by iterative phasing of the set of diffraction patterns. It is able to be used to image extended objects at a resolution limited by scattering strength of the object and detector geometry, rather than at an optics-imposed limit. As technical advances allow larger fields to be imaged, computational challenges arise for reconstructing the correspondingly larger data volumes, yet at the same time there is also a need to deliver reconstructed images immediately so that one can evaluate the next steps tomore »take in an experiment. Here we present a parallel method for real-time ptychographic phase retrieval. It uses a hybrid parallel strategy to divide the computation between multiple graphics processing units (GPUs) and then employs novel techniques to merge sub-datasets into a single complex phase and amplitude image. Results are shown on a simulated specimen and a real dataset from an X-ray experiment conducted at a synchrotron light source.« less
Parallel ptychographic reconstruction
Nashed, Youssef S. G.; Vine, David J.; Peterka, Tom; Deng, Junjing; Ross, Rob; Jacobsen, Chris
2014-12-19
Ptychography is an imaging method whereby a coherent beam is scanned across an object, and an image is obtained by iterative phasing of the set of diffraction patterns. It is able to be used to image extended objects at a resolution limited by scattering strength of the object and detector geometry, rather than at an optics-imposed limit. As technical advances allow larger fields to be imaged, computational challenges arise for reconstructing the correspondingly larger data volumes, yet at the same time there is also a need to deliver reconstructed images immediately so that one can evaluate the next steps to take in an experiment. Here we present a parallel method for real-time ptychographic phase retrieval. It uses a hybrid parallel strategy to divide the computation between multiple graphics processing units (GPUs) and then employs novel techniques to merge sub-datasets into a single complex phase and amplitude image. Results are shown on a simulated specimen and a real dataset from an X-ray experiment conducted at a synchrotron light source.
Reconstruction of a Three-Dimensional Tableau from a Single Realist Painting
Zhu, Zhigang
Reconstruction of a Three-Dimensional Tableau from a Single Realist Painting Wai L. Khoo, Tadeusz-dimensional tableau from a single realist paintingScott Fraser's Three way vanitas (2006) based on multiple stereo reconstruction applied to the direct image and the images in three plane mirrors depicted within the painting
Towards a Logical Reconstruction of Information Retrieval Theory
Sebastiani, Fabrizio
Towards a Logical Reconstruction of Information Retrieval Theory Fabrizio Sebastiani Istituto di theory". We show that precisely the same distinction can be applied to logical models of IR developed so in the history of information retrieval, sharply summarised the status of IR theory by saying that "(. . . ) deep
Microwave-induced thermoacoustic tomography: Reconstruction by synthetic aperture
Wang, Lihong
Microwave-induced thermoacoustic tomography: Reconstruction by synthetic aperture Dazi Feng, Yuan thermoacoustic signals, to which the delay-and-sum algorithm was applied for image reconstruc- tion. We greatly-induced thermoacoustic tomography based on focused transducers. Two mi- crowave sources, which had frequencies of 9 and 3
Metrological digital audio reconstruction
Fadeyev; Vitaliy (Berkeley, CA), Haber; Carl (Berkeley, CA)
2004-02-19
Audio information stored in the undulations of grooves in a medium such as a phonograph record may be reconstructed, with little or no contact, by measuring the groove shape using precision metrology methods coupled with digital image processing and numerical analysis. The effects of damage, wear, and contamination may be compensated, in many cases, through image processing and analysis methods. The speed and data handling capacity of available computing hardware make this approach practical. Two examples used a general purpose optical metrology system to study a 50 year old 78 r.p.m. phonograph record and a commercial confocal scanning probe to study a 1920's celluloid Edison cylinder. Comparisons are presented with stylus playback of the samples and with a digitally re-mastered version of an original magnetic recording. There is also a more extensive implementation of this approach, with dedicated hardware and software.
Sparsity-fused Kalman Filtering for Reconstruction of Dynamic Sparse Signals
Ding, Xin; Chen, Wei; Wassell, Ian
2015-06-12
), Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and video reconstruction. The conventional KF does not consider the sparsity structure presented in most practical signals and it is therefore inaccurate when being applied to sparse signal recovery. To deal with this issue...
1993-12-31
From the title, the reader is led to expect a broad practical treatise on combustion and combustion devices. Remarkably, for a book of modest dimension, the author is able to deliver. The text is organized into 12 Chapters, broadly treating three major areas: combustion fundamentals -- introduction (Ch. 1), thermodynamics (Ch. 2), fluid mechanics (Ch. 7), and kinetics (Ch. 8); fuels -- coal, municipal solid waste, and other solid fuels (Ch. 4), liquid (Ch. 5) and gaseous (Ch. 6) fuels; and combustion devices -- fuel cells (Ch. 3), boilers (Ch. 4), Otto (Ch. 10), diesel (Ch. 11), and Wankel (Ch. 10) engines and gas turbines (Ch. 12). Although each topic could warrant a complete text on its own, the author addresses each of these major themes with reasonable thoroughness. Also, the book is well documented with a bibliography, references, a good index, and many helpful tables and appendices. In short, Applied Combustion does admirably fulfill the author`s goal for a wide engineering science introduction to the general subject of combustion.
Validation of plasma shape reconstruction by Cauchy condition surface method in KSTAR
Miyata, Y.; Suzuki, T.; Ide, S. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan)] [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan); Hahn, S. H.; Chung, J.; Bak, J. G.; Ko, W. H. [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)] [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)
2014-03-15
Cauchy Condition Surface (CCS) method is a numerical approach to reconstruct the plasma boundary and calculate the quantities related to plasma shape using the magnetic diagnostics in real time. It has been applied to the KSTAR plasma in order to establish the plasma shape reconstruction with the high elongation of plasma shape and the large effect of eddy currents flowing in the tokamak structures for the first time. For applying the CCS calculation to the KSTAR plasma, the effects by the eddy currents and the ferromagnetic materials on the plasma shape reconstruction are studied. The CCS calculation includes the effect of eddy currents and excludes the magnetic diagnostics, which is expected to be influenced largely by ferromagnetic materials. Calculations have been performed to validate the plasma shape reconstruction in 2012 KSTAR experimental campaign. Comparison between the CCS calculation and non-magnetic measurements revealed that the CCS calculation can reconstruct the accurate plasma shape even with a small I{sub P}.
Method for image reconstruction of moving radionuclide source distribution
Stolin, Alexander V.; McKisson, John E.; Lee, Seung Joon; Smith, Mark Frederick
2012-12-18
A method for image reconstruction of moving radionuclide distributions. Its particular embodiment is for single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging of awake animals, though its techniques are general enough to be applied to other moving radionuclide distributions as well. The invention eliminates motion and blurring artifacts for image reconstructions of moving source distributions. This opens new avenues in the area of small animal brain imaging with radiotracers, which can now be performed without the perturbing influences of anesthesia or physical restraint on the biological system.
An alternative to the crystallographic reconstruction of austenite in steels
Bernier, Nicolas, E-mail: n.bernier@yahoo.fr [OCAS N.V., ArcelorMittal R and D Gent, Pres. J.F. Kennedylaan 3, 9060 Zelzate (Belgium); Bracke, Lieven, E-mail: lieven.bracke@arcelormittal.com [OCAS N.V., ArcelorMittal R and D Gent, Pres. J.F. Kennedylaan 3, 9060 Zelzate (Belgium); Malet, Loïc; Godet, Stéphane [Université Libre de Bruxelles, 4 MAT (Materials Engineering, Characterisation, Synthesis and Recycling), Avenue F.D. Roosevelt 50, CP 194/03, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)
2014-03-01
An alternative crystallographic austenite reconstruction programme written in Matlab is developed by combining the best features of the existing models: the orientation relationship refinement, the local pixel-by-pixel analysis and the nuclei identification and spreading strategy. This programme can be directly applied to experimental electron backscatter diffraction mappings. Its applicability is demonstrated on both quenching and partitioning and as-quenched lath-martensite steels. - Highlights: • An alternative crystallographic austenite reconstruction program is developed. • The method combines a local analysis and a nuclei identification/spreading strategy. • The validity of the calculated orientation relationship is verified on a Q and P steel. • The accuracy of the reconstructed microtexture is investigated on a martensite steel.
Rough surface reconstruction for ultrasonic NDE simulation
Choi, Wonjae; Shi, Fan; Lowe, Michael J. S.; Skelton, Elizabeth A.; Craster, Richard V.
2014-02-18
The reflection of ultrasound from rough surfaces is an important topic for the NDE of safety-critical components, such as pressure-containing components in power stations. The specular reflection from a rough surface of a defect is normally lower than it would be from a flat surface, so it is typical to apply a safety factor in order that justification cases for inspection planning are conservative. The study of the statistics of the rough surfaces that might be expected in candidate defects according to materials and loading, and the reflections from them, can be useful to develop arguments for realistic safety factors. This paper presents a study of real rough crack surfaces that are representative of the potential defects in pressure-containing power plant. Two-dimensional (area) values of the height of the roughness have been measured and their statistics analysed. Then a means to reconstruct model cases with similar statistics, so as to enable the creation of multiple realistic realizations of the surfaces, has been investigated, using random field theory. Rough surfaces are reconstructed, based on a real surface, and results for these two-dimensional descriptions of the original surface have been compared with those from the conventional model based on a one-dimensional correlation coefficient function. In addition, ultrasonic reflections from them are simulated using a finite element method.
Fincke, J.R.; Berggren, M.J.; Johnson, S.A.
1980-01-01
The technique of reconstructive tomography has been applied to the measurement of average density and density distribution in multiphase flows. The technique of reconstructive tomography provides a model independent method of obtaining flow field density information. The unique features of interest in application of a practical tomographic densitometer system are the limited number of data values and the correspondingly coarse reconstruction grid (0.5 by 0.5 cm). These features were studied both experimentally, through the use of prototype hardware on a 3-in. pipe, and analytically, through computer generation of simulated data. Prototypical data were taken on phantoms constructed of Plexiglas and laminated Plexiglas, wood, and polyurethane foam. Reconstructions obtained from prototype data were compared with reconstructions from the simulated data.
Including stereoscopic information in the reconstruction of coronal magnetic fields
T. Wiegelmann; T. Neukirch
2008-01-23
We present a method to include stereoscopic information about the three dimensional structure of flux tubes into the reconstruction of the coronal magnetic field. Due to the low plasma beta in the corona we can assume a force free magnetic field, with the current density parallel to the magnetic field lines. Here we use linear force free fields for simplicity. The method uses the line of sight magnetic field on the photosphere as observational input. The value of $\\alpha$ is determined iteratively by comparing the reconstructed magnetic field with the observed structures. The final configuration is the optimal linear force solution constrained by both the photospheric magnetogram and the observed plasma structures. As an example we apply our method to SOHO MDI/EIT data of an active region. In the future it is planned to apply the method to analyse data from the SECCHI instrument aboard the STEREO mission.
Cosmological reconstruction and {\\it Om} diagnostic analysis of Einstein-Aether Theory
Pasqua, Antonio; Momeni, Davood; Raza, Muhammad; Myrzakulov, Ratbay
2015-01-01
Cosmological reconstruction technique is applied to study the cosmology of the Einstein-Aether (EA) gravity. We reconstructed an analytical model of EA theory for a type of Hubble dependent dark energy density proposed by Granda and Oliveros. The reconstructed cosmological scale factors are comprised of power-law, future singular model, emergent scale factor, intermediate scale factor, a unified theory for matter and dark energy dominated phases and finally for a type of non-extensive exponential scale factor, the q-de Sitter scale factor. In each cosmological epoch, we reconstruct the Lagrangian of the vector part of theory $F(K)$. Furthermore, \\emph{Om} diagnostic analysis technique is applied to fit parameters using recent observational data, namely Type Ia Supernovae, BAO, and data of Hubble parameter.
Noise Equivalent Counts Based Emission Image Reconstruction Algorithm of Tomographic Gamma Scanning
Wang, Ke; Feng, Wei; Han, Dong
2014-01-01
Tomographic Gamma Scanning (TGS) is a technique used to assay the nuclide distribution and radioactivity in nuclear waste drums. Both transmission and emission scans are performed in TGS and the transmission image is used for the attenuation correction in emission reconstructions. The error of the transmission image, which is not considered by the existing reconstruction algorithms, negatively affects the final results. An emission reconstruction method based on Noise Equivalent Counts (NEC) is presented. Noises from the attenuation image are concentrated to the projection data to apply the NEC Maximum-Likelihood Expectation-Maximization algorithm. Experiments are performed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Noise Equivalent Counts Based Emission Image Reconstruction Algorithm of Tomographic Gamma Scanning
Ke Wang; Zheng Li; Wei Feng; Dong Han
2014-04-17
Tomographic Gamma Scanning (TGS) is a technique used to assay the nuclide distribution and radioactivity in nuclear waste drums. Both transmission and emission scans are performed in TGS and the transmission image is used for the attenuation correction in emission reconstructions. The error of the transmission image, which is not considered by the existing reconstruction algorithms, negatively affects the final results. An emission reconstruction method based on Noise Equivalent Counts (NEC) is presented. Noises from the attenuation image are concentrated to the projection data to apply the NEC Maximum-Likelihood Expectation-Maximization algorithm. Experiments are performed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Wang, Jinguo; Zhao, Zhiqin Song, Jian; Chen, Guoping; Nie, Zaiping; Liu, Qing-Huo
2015-05-15
Purpose: An iterative reconstruction method has been previously reported by the authors of this paper. However, the iterative reconstruction method was demonstrated by solely using the numerical simulations. It is essential to apply the iterative reconstruction method to practice conditions. The objective of this work is to validate the capability of the iterative reconstruction method for reducing the effects of acoustic heterogeneity with the experimental data in microwave induced thermoacoustic tomography. Methods: Most existing reconstruction methods need to combine the ultrasonic measurement technology to quantitatively measure the velocity distribution of heterogeneity, which increases the system complexity. Different to existing reconstruction methods, the iterative reconstruction method combines time reversal mirror technique, fast marching method, and simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique to iteratively estimate the velocity distribution of heterogeneous tissue by solely using the measured data. Then, the estimated velocity distribution is used subsequently to reconstruct the highly accurate image of microwave absorption distribution. Experiments that a target placed in an acoustic heterogeneous environment are performed to validate the iterative reconstruction method. Results: By using the estimated velocity distribution, the target in an acoustic heterogeneous environment can be reconstructed with better shape and higher image contrast than targets that are reconstructed with a homogeneous velocity distribution. Conclusions: The distortions caused by the acoustic heterogeneity can be efficiently corrected by utilizing the velocity distribution estimated by the iterative reconstruction method. The advantage of the iterative reconstruction method over the existing correction methods is that it is successful in improving the quality of the image of microwave absorption distribution without increasing the system complexity.
Selecting Genomes for Reconstruction of Ancestral Genomes
Zhang, Louxin
Selecting Genomes for Reconstruction of Ancestral Genomes Guoliang Li1 , Jian Ma2 , and Louxin. It is often impossible to sequence all descendent genomes to reconstruct an ancestral genome. In addition, more genomes do not neces- sarily give a higher accuracy for the reconstruction of ancestral character
Applied Mathematics Department of Applied Mathematics
Applied Mathematics Department of Applied Mathematics 208 Engineering 1 Building 10 W. 32nd St, Graduate Studies: Xiaofan Li The Department of Applied Mathematics puts mathe- matics to work solving, such as how to construct methods for multi-criteria decision making (requiring discrete mathematics
A Genomic Approach for Distinguishing between Recent and Ancient Admixture as Applied to Cattle
McTavish, Emily Jane; Hillis, David M.
2014-02-07
between recent and ancient types of admixture, and applied it to the reconstruction of admixture in cattle. Cattle are descendants of 2 independently domesticated lineages, taurine and indicine, which diverged more than 200?000 years ago. Several breeds...
Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project
Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M.
1992-10-01
The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The independent Technical Steering Panel (TSP) provides technical direction. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates):Source Terms, Environmental Transport, Environmental Monitoring Data, Demography, Food Consumption, and Agriculture, and Environmental Pathways and Dose Estimates.
Velocity and charge reconstruction with the AMS/RICH detector
Luísa Arruda; Fernando Barão; João Borges; Fernando Carmo; Patrícia Gonçalves; Mário Pimenta
2008-02-01
The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS), to be installed on the International Space Station (ISS) in 2008, will be equipped with a proximity focusing Ring Imaging CHerenkov detector (RICH). This detector will be equipped with a dual radiator (aerogel+NaF), a lateral conical mirror and a detection plane made of 680 photomultipliers and light-guides, enabling measurements of particle electric charge and velocity. A likelihood method for the Cherenkov angle reconstruction was applied leading to a velocity determination for protons with a resolution around 0.1%. The electric charge reconstruction is based on the counting of the number of photoelectrons and on an overall efficiency estimation on an event-by-event basis. Results from the application of both methods are presented.
Velocity and charge reconstruction with the AMS/RICH detector
Arruda, Luísa; Borges, João; Carmo, Fernando; Gonçalves, Patrícia; Pimenta, Mário
2008-01-01
The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS), to be installed on the International Space Station (ISS) in 2008, will be equipped with a proximity focusing Ring Imaging CHerenkov detector (RICH). This detector will be equipped with a dual radiator (aerogel+NaF), a lateral conical mirror and a detection plane made of 680 photomultipliers and light-guides, enabling measurements of particle electric charge and velocity. A likelihood method for the Cherenkov angle reconstruction was applied leading to a velocity determination for protons with a resolution around 0.1%. The electric charge reconstruction is based on the counting of the number of photoelectrons and on an overall efficiency estimation on an event-by-event basis. Results from the application of both methods are presented.
Method for position emission mammography image reconstruction
Smith, Mark Frederick
2004-10-12
An image reconstruction method comprising accepting coincidence datat from either a data file or in real time from a pair of detector heads, culling event data that is outside a desired energy range, optionally saving the desired data for each detector position or for each pair of detector pixels on the two detector heads, and then reconstructing the image either by backprojection image reconstruction or by iterative image reconstruction. In the backprojection image reconstruction mode, rays are traced between centers of lines of response (LOR's), counts are then either allocated by nearest pixel interpolation or allocated by an overlap method and then corrected for geometric effects and attenuation and the data file updated. If the iterative image reconstruction option is selected, one implementation is to compute a grid Siddon retracing, and to perform maximum likelihood expectation maiximization (MLEM) computed by either: a) tracing parallel rays between subpixels on opposite detector heads; or b) tracing rays between randomized endpoint locations on opposite detector heads.
The Theory of Variances in Equilibrium Reconstruction
Zakharov, Leonid E.; Lewandowski, Jerome; Foley, Elizabeth L.; Levinton, Fred M.; Yuh, Howard Y.; Drozdov, Vladimir; McDonald, Darren
2008-01-14
The theory of variances of equilibrium reconstruction is presented. It complements existing practices with information regarding what kind of plasma profiles can be reconstructed, how accurately, and what remains beyond the abilities of diagnostic systems. The #27;?-curves, introduced by the present theory, give a quantitative assessment of quality of effectiveness of diagnostic systems in constraining equilibrium reconstructions. The theory also suggests a method for aligning the accuracy of measurements of different physical nature.
Magnetic diagnostics for equilibrium reconstructions with eddy...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Magnetic diagnostics for equilibrium reconstructions with eddy currents on the lithium tokamak experimenta) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Magnetic diagnostics for...
Fission fragment mass reconstruction from Si surface barrier detector measurement
J. Velkovska; R. L. McGrath
1999-07-12
A method for plasma delay and pulse-height defect corrections for Si surface barrier detectors (SBD) is presented. Based on known empirical formulae, simple approximations involving the measured time-of-flight (TOF) and energy of the ions were found and a mass reconstruction procedure was developed. The procedure was applied for obtaining the fission fragment mass and angular distributions from the $^{64}$ Ni+$^{197}$Au reaction at 418 MeV and 383 MeV incident energy using an array of eight SBDs.
Detailed Building Reconstruction With Shape Templates
Schindler, Konrad
Detailed Building Reconstruction With Shape Templates Konrad Schindler 1 and Joachim Bauer 2 1, Austria bauer@vrvis.at Abstract: We present a model-based method for detailed automatic building reconstruction from images. The method starts with recovering a coarse building model consisting of the main
Accelerated Volumetric Reconstruction From Uncalibrated Camera Views
Whelan, Paul F.
Accelerated Volumetric Reconstruction From Uncalibrated Camera Views Felicia Brisc, M.S. Ph. D-calibration 11 2.1.2 Bundle Adjustment 13 2.2 Volumetric Reconstruction ................................................. 14 2.2.1 Volumetric Intersection ........................................... 15 2.2.2 Voxel Carving
(to appear in 1998 IEEE MIC) Joint-MAP Reconstruction/Segmentation for Transmission Tomography
. In addition, the geometry of fan beam scanners for transmission tomography in SPECT with line sources can(to appear in 1998 IEEE MIC) Joint-MAP Reconstruction/Segmentation for Transmission Tomography A Bayesian method, including a pointwise prior comprising mixtures of gamma distributions, is applied
Wang, Lihong
27 November 2002 A modified back-projection approach deduced from an exact reconstruction solution was applied to our photoacoustic tomography of the optical absorption in biological tissues. Pulses from a Ti:sap a spatial resolution around 10 m.8 All of the above photoacoustic tomography systems can be categorized
LEVEL SET BASED RECONSTRUCTION ALGORITHM FOR EIT LUNG IMAGES Peyman Rahmati1
Adler, Andy
LEVEL SET BASED RECONSTRUCTION ALGORITHM FOR EIT LUNG IMAGES Peyman Rahmati1 , Manuchehr Soleimani2 the monitoring process. We represent lung images by applying the LSRM using difference solver and then compare in producing high quality, high contrast images of lung. Index Terms-- Inverse Problem, Electrical Impedence
Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project
McMakin, A.H.; Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M.
1992-07-01
The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The TSP consists of experts in environmental pathways, epidemiology, surface-water transport, ground-water transport, statistics, demography, agriculture, meteorology, nuclear engineering, radiation dosimetry, and cultural anthropology. Included are appointed technical members representing the states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, a representative of Native American tribes, and an individual representing the public. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms, environmental transport, environmental monitoring data, demography, food consumption, and agriculture, and environmental pathways and dose estimates. Progress is discussed.
Reconstruction of nonlinear wave propagation
Fleischer, Jason W; Barsi, Christopher; Wan, Wenjie
2013-04-23
Disclosed are systems and methods for characterizing a nonlinear propagation environment by numerically propagating a measured output waveform resulting from a known input waveform. The numerical propagation reconstructs the input waveform, and in the process, the nonlinear environment is characterized. In certain embodiments, knowledge of the characterized nonlinear environment facilitates determination of an unknown input based on a measured output. Similarly, knowledge of the characterized nonlinear environment also facilitates formation of a desired output based on a configurable input. In both situations, the input thus characterized and the output thus obtained include features that would normally be lost in linear propagations. Such features can include evanescent waves and peripheral waves, such that an image thus obtained are inherently wide-angle, farfield form of microscopy.
Modeling the reconstructed BAO in Fourier space
Seo, Hee-Jong; Ross, Ashley J; Saito, Shun
2015-01-01
The density field reconstruction technique, which was developed to partially reverse the nonlinear degradation of the Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) feature in the galaxy redshift surveys, has been successful in substantially improving the cosmology constraints from recent galaxy surveys such as Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS). We estimate the efficiency of the reconstruction method as a function of various reconstruction details. To directly quantify the BAO information in nonlinear density fields before and after reconstruction, we calculate the cross-correlations (i.e., propagators) of the pre(post)-reconstructed density field with the initial linear field using a mock galaxy sample that is designed to mimic the clustering of the BOSS CMASS galaxies. The results directly provide the BAO damping as a function of wavenumber that can be implemented into the Fisher matrix analysis. We focus on investigating the dependence of the propagator on a choice of smoothing filters and on two major dif...
MATHMATICS & APPLIED STATISTICS
Frey, Jesse C.
MATHMATICS & APPLIED STATISTICS Graduate Studies in Build Your Future with Graduate Study in Mathematics or Applied Statistics Our graduate programs can help you advance your career in education will deepen your knowledge and prepare you for further study. The Master of Science in Applied Statistics
Nonparametric reconstruction of the dark energy equation of state...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Journal Article: Nonparametric reconstruction of the dark energy equation of state from diverse data sets Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Nonparametric reconstruction of...
The Virtual (Re)Construction of History: Some Epistemological Questions
El Antably, Ahmed
2010-01-01
Internet content outside of the Antably: The Virtual (Re)Construction of HistoryInternet-based content. Antably: The Virtual (Re)Construction of History
Visualization and Analysis-Oriented Reconstruction of Material Interfaces
Childs, Henry R.
2011-01-01
Discrete Multi-Material Interface Reconstruction for VolumeConstructing material interfaces from data sets with volume-M. Multi-material interface reconstruction on generalized
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The following sample of the publications has been made available to you by members of the Applied faculty through their personal homepages. Prof. Zhiqiang
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1 Applied Modern Physics From the first bionic eye to airport scanners that detect liquid explosives, our expertise in developing advanced diagnostics results in real-world...
W. D. Apel; J. C. Arteaga-Velazquez; L. Bähren; K. Bekk; M. Bertaina; P. L. Biermann; J. Blümer; H. Bozdog; I. M. Brancus; E. Cantoni; A. Chiavassa; K. Daumiller; V. de Souza; F. Di Pierro; P. Doll; R. Engel; H. Falcke; B. Fuchs; D. Fuhrmann; H. Gemmeke; C. Grupen; A. Haungs; D. Heck; J. R. Hörandel; A. Horneffer; D. Huber; T. Huege; P. G. Isar; K. -H. Kampert; D. Kang; O. Krömer; J. Kuijpers; K. Link; P. ?uczak; M. Ludwig; H. J. Mathes; M. Melissas; C. Morello; J. Oehlschläger; N. Palmieri; T. Pierog; J. Rautenberg; H. Rebel; M. Roth; C. Rühle; A. Saftoiu; H. Schieler; A. Schmidt; F. G. Schröder; O. Sima; G. Toma; G. C. Trinchero; A. Weindl; J. Wochele; J. Zabierowski; J. A. Zensus
2014-08-11
LOPES is a digital radio interferometer located at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany, which measures radio emission from extensive air showers at MHz frequencies in coincidence with KASCADE-Grande. In this article, we explore a method (slope method) which leverages the slope of the measured radio lateral distribution to reconstruct crucial attributes of primary cosmic rays. First, we present an investigation of the method on the basis of pure simulations. Second, we directly apply the slope method to LOPES measurements. Applying the slope method to simulations, we obtain uncertainties on the reconstruction of energy and depth of shower maximum Xmax of 13% and 50 g/cm^2, respectively. Applying it to LOPES measurements, we are able to reconstruct energy and Xmax of individual events with upper limits on the precision of 20-25% for the primary energy and 95 g/cm^2 for Xmax, despite strong human-made noise at the LOPES site.
Building Reconstruction from ALS: Integrating Shape knowledge
Building Reconstruction from ALS: Integrating Shape knowledge and Manual Operation Biao Xiong George Vosselman #12;Introduction Primitive Buildings Constraint Least Square Fit Manual Operation Future work 2 #12;Introduction Primitive Buildings Building Knowledge Constraint Least Square Fit Manual
Precision Muon Reconstruction in Double Chooz
Double Chooz collaboration; Y. Abe; J. C. dos Anjos; J. C. Barriere; E. Baussan; I. Bekman; M. Bergevin; T. J. C. Bezerra; L. Bezrukov; E. Blucher; C. Buck; J. Busenitz; A. Cabrera; E. Caden; L. Camilleri; R. Carr; M. Cerrada; P. -J. Chang; E. Chauveau; P. Chimenti; A. P. Collin; E. Conover; J. M. Conrad; J. I. Crespo-Anadón; K. Crum; A. Cucoanes; E. Damon; J. V. Dawson; D. Dietrich; Z. Djurcic; M. Dracos; M. Elnimr; A. Etenko; M. Fallot; F. von Feilitzsch; J. Felde; S. M. Fernandes; V. Fischer; D. Franco; M. Franke; H. Furuta; I. Gil-Botella; L. Giot; M. Göger-Neff; L. F. G. Gonzalez; L. Goodenough; M. C. Goodman; C. Grant; N. Haag; T. Hara; J. Haser; M. Hofmann; G. A. Horton-Smith; A. Hourlier; M. Ishitsuka; J. Jochum; C. Jollet; F. Kaether; L. N. Kalousis; Y. Kamyshkov; D. M. Kaplan; T. Kawasaki; E. Kemp; H. de Kerret; D. Kryn; M. Kuze; T. Lachenmaier; C. E. Lane; T. Lasserre; A. Letourneau; D. Lhuillier; H. P. Lima Jr; M. Lindner; J. M. López-Casta no; J. M. LoSecco; B. Lubsandorzhiev; S. Lucht; J. Maeda; C. Mariani; J. Maricic; J. Martino; T. Matsubara; G. Mention; A. Meregaglia; T. Miletic; R. Milincic; A. Minotti; Y. Nagasaka; Y. Nikitenko; P. Novella; M. Obolensky; L. Oberauer; A. Onillon; A. Osborn; C. Palomares; I. M. Pepe; S. Perasso; P. Pfahler; A. Porta; G. Pronost; J. Reichenbacher; B. Reinhold; M. Röhling; R. Roncin; S. Roth; B. Rybolt; Y. Sakamoto; R. Santorelli; A. C. Schilithz; S. Schönert; S. Schoppmann; M. H. Shaevitz; R. Sharankova; S. Shimojima; V. Sibille; V. Sinev; M. Skorokhvatov; E. Smith; J. Spitz; A. Stahl; I. Stancu; L. F. F. Stokes; M. Strait; A. Stüken; F. Suekane; S. Sukhotin; T. Sumiyoshi; Y. Sun; R. Svoboda; K. Terao; A. Tonazzo; H. H. Trinh Thi; G. Valdiviesso; N. Vassilopoulos; C. Veyssiere; M. Vivier; S. Wagner; H. Watanabe; C. Wiebusch; L. Winslow; M. Wurm; G. Yang; F. Yermia; V. Zimmer
2014-08-15
We describe a muon track reconstruction algorithm for the reactor anti-neutrino experiment Double Chooz. The Double Chooz detector consists of two optically isolated volumes of liquid scintillator viewed by PMTs, and an Outer Veto above these made of crossed scintillator strips. Muons are reconstructed by their Outer Veto hit positions along with timing information from the other two detector volumes. All muons are fit under the hypothesis that they are through-going and ultrarelativistic. If the energy depositions suggest that the muon may have stopped, the reconstruction fits also for this hypothesis and chooses between the two via the relative goodness-of-fit. In the ideal case of a through-going muon intersecting the center of the detector, the resolution is ~40 mm in each transverse dimension. High quality muon reconstruction is an important tool for reducing the impact of the cosmogenic isotope background in Double Chooz.
Reconstruction of Pressure Profile Evolution during
resonance of the microwave heating sources. Reconstructions of the peaked plasma pressures confined-Parker-Sckopke Relation (Burton, McPherron, Russell, JGR, 1975) Solar Wind Pressure Solar Wind Convection Field 5 MA Dst 1
Reconstruction of Pressure Profile Evolution during
of the cyclotron resonance of the microwave heating sources. Reconstructions of the peaked plasma pressures-Parker-Sckopke Relation (Burton, McPherron, Russell, JGR, 1975) Solar Wind Pressure Solar Wind Convection Field 5 MA Dst 1
INTRODUCTION APPLIED GEOPHYSICS
Merriam, James
GEOL 384.3 INTRODUCTION TO APPLIED GEOPHYSICS OUTLINE INTRODUCTION TO APPLIED GEOPHYSICS GEOL 384 unknowns; the ones we don't know we don't know. And if one looks throughout the history of geophysics he didn't really say geophysics. He said, " ... our country and other free countries ...". But I am
Applied Music Curriculum Guide
Kearfott, R. Baker
1 Applied Music Curriculum Guide The University of Louisiana at Lafayette School of Music #12;2 Revised Spring 2009 UNIVERSITY OF LOUISIANA, Lafayette SCHOOL OF MUSIC APPLIED MUSIC CURRICULUM GUIDE Dr. Garth Alper, Director DEGREES OFFERED Bachelor of Music with emphases in Performance, Theory
Wu, Wei; Jiang, Fangming, E-mail: fm_jiang2000@yahoo.com
2013-06-15
We adapt the simulated annealing approach for reconstruction of the 3D microstructure of a LiCoO{sub 2} cathode from a commercial Li-ion battery. The real size distribution curve of LiCoO{sub 2} particles is applied to regulate the reconstruction process. By discretizing a 40 × 40 × 40 ?m cathode volume with 8,000,000 numerical cubes, the cathode involving three individual phases: 1) LiCoO{sub 2} as active material, 2) pores or electrolyte, and 3) additives (polyvinylidene fluoride + carbon black) is reconstructed. The microstructural statistical properties required in the reconstruction process are extracted from 2D focused ion beam/scanning electron microscopy images or obtained by analyzing the powder mixture used to make the cathode. Characterization of the reconstructed cathode gives important structural and transport properties including the two-point correlation functions, volume-specific surface area between phases, tortuosity and geometrical connectivity of individual phase. - Highlights: • Simulated annealing approach is adapted for 3D reconstruction of LiCoO{sub 2} cathode. • Real size distribution of LiCoO{sub 2} particles is applied in reconstruction process. • Reconstructed cathode accords with real one at important statistical properties. • Effective electrode-characterization approaches have been established. • Extensive characterization gives important structural properties, say, tortuosity.
Reconstructing top quark-antiquark events with one lost jet
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Demina, Regina [Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Harel, Amnon [Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Orbaker, Douglas [Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
2015-07-01
We present a technique for reconstructing the kinematics of pair-produced top quarks that decay to a charged lepton, a neutrino and four final state quarks in the subset of events where only three jets are reconstructed. We present a figure of merit that allows for a fair comparison of reconstruction algorithms without requiring their calibration. The new reconstruction of events with only three jets is fully competitive with the full reconstruction typically used for four-jet events.
Reconstructing top quark-antiquark events with one lost jet
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Demina, Regina; Harel, Amnon; Orbaker, Douglas
2015-04-02
We present a technique for reconstructing the kinematics of pair-produced top quarks that decay to a charged lepton, a neutrino and four final state quarks in the subset of events where only three jets are reconstructed. We present a figure of merit that allows for a fair comparison of reconstruction algorithms without requiring their calibration. The new reconstruction of events with only three jets is fully competitive with the full reconstruction typically used for four-jet events.
Environment-based pin-power reconstruction method for homogeneous core calculations
Leroyer, H.; Brosselard, C.; Girardi, E.
2012-07-01
Core calculation schemes are usually based on a classical two-step approach associated with assembly and core calculations. During the first step, infinite lattice assemblies calculations relying on a fundamental mode approach are used to generate cross-sections libraries for PWRs core calculations. This fundamental mode hypothesis may be questioned when dealing with loading patterns involving several types of assemblies (UOX, MOX), burnable poisons, control rods and burn-up gradients. This paper proposes a calculation method able to take into account the heterogeneous environment of the assemblies when using homogeneous core calculations and an appropriate pin-power reconstruction. This methodology is applied to MOX assemblies, computed within an environment of UOX assemblies. The new environment-based pin-power reconstruction is then used on various clusters of 3x3 assemblies showing burn-up gradients and UOX/MOX interfaces, and compared to reference calculations performed with APOLLO-2. The results show that UOX/MOX interfaces are much better calculated with the environment-based calculation scheme when compared to the usual pin-power reconstruction method. The power peak is always better located and calculated with the environment-based pin-power reconstruction method on every cluster configuration studied. This study shows that taking into account the environment in transport calculations can significantly improve the pin-power reconstruction so far as it is consistent with the core loading pattern. (authors)
Analytical Chemistry Applied Mathematics
Heller, Barbara
Architecture Information Technology & Management Integrated Building Delivery Landscape Architecture ManagementAnalytical Chemistry Applied Mathematics Architectural Engineering Architecture Architecture Electricity Markets Environmental Engineering Food Process Engineering Food Safety & Technology
Sandia Energy - Applied & Computational Math
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Applied & Computational Math Home Energy Research Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) Applied & Computational Math Applied & Computational Mathcwdd2015-03-26T13:34:5...
KATAYUN (KATY) BARMAK Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics
Columbia University
MEMBERSHIP OF PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES IEEE, Materials Research Society (MRS); American Physical Society (APS1 KATAYUN (KATY) BARMAK Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics Seeley W. Mudd. of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University 2011-present Philips Electronics Professor
Information Science, Computing, Applied Math
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Information Science, Computing, Applied Math science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Information Science, Computing, Applied Math National security depends on science...
Robust statistical reconstruction for charged particle tomography
2013-10-08
Systems and methods for charged particle detection including statistical reconstruction of object volume scattering density profiles from charged particle tomographic data to determine the probability distribution of charged particle scattering using a statistical multiple scattering model and determine a substantially maximum likelihood estimate of object volume scattering density using expectation maximization (ML/EM) algorithm to reconstruct the object volume scattering density. The presence of and/or type of object occupying the volume of interest can be identified from the reconstructed volume scattering density profile. The charged particle tomographic data can be cosmic ray muon tomographic data from a muon tracker for scanning packages, containers, vehicles or cargo. The method can be implemented using a computer program which is executable on a computer.
Luminosity Spectrum Reconstruction at Linear Colliders
Stéphane Poss; André Sailer
2014-04-11
A good knowledge of the luminosity spectrum is mandatory for many measurements at future e+e- colliders. As the beam-parameters determining the luminosity spectrum cannot be measured precisely, the luminosity spectrum has to be measured through a gauge process with the detector. The measured distributions, used to reconstruct the spectrum, depend on Initial State Radiation, cross-section, and Final State Radiation. To extract the basic luminosity spectrum, a parametric model of the luminosity spectrum is created, in this case the spectrum at the 3 TeV Compact Linear Collider (CLIC). The model is used within a reweighting technique to extract the luminosity spectrum from measured Bhabha event observables, taking all relevant effects into account. The centre-of-mass energy spectrum is reconstructed within 5% over the full validity range of the model. The reconstructed spectrum does not result in a significant bias or systematic uncertainty in the exemplary physics benchmark process of smuon pair production.
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O D SFederal FacilityApplicantOffice ofApply ApplicationApply
The AMS-RICH velocity and charge reconstruction
F. Barao; M. Aguilar-Benitez; L. Arruda; B. Baret; A. Barrau; G. Barreira; E. Belmont; J. Berdugo; J. Borges; M. Buenerd; D. Casadei; J. Casaus; E. Cortina; M. Costado; D. Crespo; C. Delgado; C. Diaz; L. Derome; P. Goncalves; R. Garcia-Lopez; C. de la Guia; A. Herrero; E. Lanciotti; G. Laurenti; A. Malinin; C. Mana; J. Marin; M. Mangin-Brinet; G. Martinez; A. Menchaca-Rocha; C. Palomares; R. Pereira; M. Pimenta; A. Putze; Y. Sallaz-Damaz; E. S. Seo; I. Sevilla; A. Torrento; M. Vargas-Trevino; O. Veziant
2007-09-13
The AMS detector, to be installed on the International Space Station, includes a Ring Imaging Cerenkov detector with two different radiators, silica aerogel (n=1.05) and sodium fluoride (n=1.334). This detector is designed to provide very precise measurements of velocity and electric charge in a wide range of cosmic nuclei energies and atomic numbers. The detector geometry, in particular the presence of a reflector for acceptance purposes, leads to complex Cerenkov patterns detected in a pixelized photomultiplier matrix. The results of different reconstruction methods applied to test beam data as well as to simulated samples are presented. To ensure nominal performances throughout the flight, several detector parameters have to be carefully monitored. The algorithms developed to fulfill these requirements are presented. The velocity and charge measurements provided by the RICH detector endow the AMS spectrometer with precise particle identification capabilities in a wide energy range. The expected performances on light isotope separation are discussed.
Iterative Self-Dual Reconstruction on Radar Image Recovery
Martins, Charles; Medeiros, Fatima; Ushizima, Daniela; Bezerra, Francisco; Marques, Regis; Mascarenhas, Nelson
2010-05-21
Imaging systems as ultrasound, sonar, laser and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) are subjected to speckle noise during image acquisition. Before analyzing these images, it is often necessary to remove the speckle noise using filters. We combine properties of two mathematical morphology filters with speckle statistics to propose a signal-dependent noise filter to multiplicative noise. We describe a multiscale scheme that preserves sharp edges while it smooths homogeneous areas, by combining local statistics with two mathematical morphology filters: the alternating sequential and the self-dual reconstruction algorithms. The experimental results show that the proposed approach is less sensitive to varying window sizes when applied to simulated and real SAR images in comparison with standard filters.
Nonparametric reconstruction of the Om diagnostic to test LCDM
Escamilla-Rivera, Celia
2015-01-01
Cosmic acceleration is usually related with the unknown dark energy, which equation of state, w(z), is constrained and numerically confronted with independent astrophysical data. In order to make a diagnostic of w(z), the introduction of a null test of dark energy can be done using a diagnostic function of redshift, Om. In this work we present a nonparametric reconstruction of this diagnostic using the so-called Loess-Simex factory to test the concordance model with the advantage that this approach offers an alternative way to relax the use of priors and find a possible 'w' that reliably describe the data with no previous knowledge of a cosmological model. Our results demonstrate that the method applied to the dynamical Om diagnostic finds a preference for a dark energy model with equation of state w =-2/3, which correspond to a static domain wall network.
Kinematics of ICMEs/shocks: blast wave reconstruction using type II emissions
Corona-Romero, P; Aguilar-Rodriguez, E; de-la-Luz, V; Mejia-Ambriz, J C
2015-01-01
We present a physical methodology to reconstruct the trajectory of interplanetary shocks using type II radio emission data. This technique calculates the shock trajectory assuming that the disturbance propagates as a blast wave in the interplanetary medium. We applied this Blast Wave Reconstruction (BWR) technique to analyze eight fast Earth-directed ICMEs/shocks associated with type II emissions. The technique deduces a shock trajectory that reproduces the type II frequency drifts, and calculates shock onset speed, shock transit time and shock speed at 1~AU. There were good agreements comparing the BWR results with the type II spectra, with data from coronagraph images, {\\it in situ} measurements, and interplanetary scintillation (IPS) observations. Perturbations on the type II data affect the accuracy of the BWR technique. This methodology could be applied to track interplanetary shocks causing TII emissions in real-time, to predict the shock arrival time and shock speed at 1~AU.
SU-E-T-362: Automatic Catheter Reconstruction of Flap Applicators in HDR Surface Brachytherapy
Buzurovic, I; Devlin, P; Hansen, J; O'Farrell, D; Bhagwat, M; Friesen, S; Damato, A; Lewis, J; Cormack, R
2014-06-01
Purpose: Catheter reconstruction is crucial for the accurate delivery of radiation dose in HDR brachytherapy. The process becomes complicated and time-consuming for large superficial clinical targets with a complex topology. A novel method for the automatic catheter reconstruction of flap applicators is proposed in this study. Methods: We have developed a program package capable of image manipulation, using C++class libraries of The-Visualization-Toolkit(VTK) software system. The workflow for automatic catheter reconstruction is: a)an anchor point is placed in 3D or in the axial view of the first slice at the tip of the first, last and middle points for the curved surface; b)similar points are placed on the last slice of the image set; c)the surface detection algorithm automatically registers the points to the images and applies the surface reconstruction filter; d)then a structured grid surface is generated through the center of the treatment catheters placed at a distance of 5mm from the patient's skin. As a result, a mesh-style plane is generated with the reconstructed catheters placed 10mm apart. To demonstrate automatic catheter reconstruction, we used CT images of patients diagnosed with cutaneous T-cell-lymphoma and imaged with Freiburg-Flap-Applicators (Nucletron™-Elekta, Netherlands). The coordinates for each catheter were generated and compared to the control points selected during the manual reconstruction for 16catheters and 368control point Results: The variation of the catheter tip positions between the automatically and manually reconstructed catheters was 0.17mm(SD=0.23mm). The position difference between the manually selected catheter control points and the corresponding points obtained automatically was 0.17mm in the x-direction (SD=0.23mm), 0.13mm in the y-direction (SD=0.22mm), and 0.14mm in the z-direction (SD=0.24mm). Conclusion: This study shows the feasibility of the automatic catheter reconstruction of flap applicators with a high level of positioning accuracy. Implementation of this technique has potential to decrease the planning time and may improve overall quality in superficial brachytherapy.
Development of Bore Reconstruction Techniques Applied to the Study of Brass Wind Instruments
Hendrie, Darren Alexander
2007-01-01
The acoustic impedance is a valuable parameter in musical acoustics. Information contained within this frequency-domain parameter can be used to determine the acoustical behaviour of a musical wind instrument: the notes ...
Hong Luo; Hanping Xiao; Robert Nourgaliev; Chunpei Cai
2011-06-01
A comparative study of different reconstruction schemes for a reconstruction-based discontinuous Galerkin, termed RDG(P1P2) method is performed for compressible flow problems on arbitrary grids. The RDG method is designed to enhance the accuracy of the discontinuous Galerkin method by increasing the order of the underlying polynomial solution via a reconstruction scheme commonly used in the finite volume method. Both Green-Gauss and least-squares reconstruction methods and a least-squares recovery method are implemented to obtain a quadratic polynomial representation of the underlying discontinuous Galerkin linear polynomial solution on each cell. These three reconstruction/recovery methods are compared for a variety of compressible flow problems on arbitrary meshes to access their accuracy and robustness. The numerical results demonstrate that all three reconstruction methods can significantly improve the accuracy of the underlying second-order DG method, although the least-squares reconstruction method provides the best performance in terms of both accuracy and robustness.
Nov 11, 2009 ... Location: Engineering (Periodicals) ... wave propagation in such systems is examined in reference (4). Gassman (5, 6) has ... Now Research Scientist at Missile. Systems ... Presented at the Applied Mechanics Division Summer Conference,. Berkeley ..... This will be true in some cases for a water- saturated ...
FUNDED BY CALL FOR SUSTAINABILITY RESEARCH STUDENT WHO CAN APPLY Undergraduate and graduate Participate in the Global Change & Sustainability Center's Research Symposium; attend workshops with faculty or publish in the U's student-run sustainability publication to be released in May 2014. Are you conducting
APPLYING RESEARCH ON METACOGNITION
School of Medicine01/09/14 #12;Define metacognition and explain its importance in teaching and learning, understand key genetic terms.) Next, apply knowledge to determine inheritance patterns and to formulate students presume that a best response strategy is to relate everything they know about a subject figuring
Impact of subtraction and reconstruction strategies on dual-energy contrast enhanced breast,c a Dept. of Applied Mathematics & Statistics, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY11794; b Dept kinetics available in breast MR while maintaining a higher image spatial resolution. Conventional dual-energy
Wood River Levee Reconstruction, Madison County, IL
US Army Corps of Engineers
Wood River Levee Reconstruction, Madison County, IL 25 October 2006 Abstract: The recommended plan provides for flood damage reduction and restores the original degree of protection of the Wood River Levee-federal sponsor is the Wood River Drainage and Levee District. The Wood River Levee System was authorized
Stochastic reconstruction of sandstones C. Manwart,1
Torquato, Salvatore
Stochastic reconstruction of sandstones C. Manwart,1 S. Torquato,2 and R. Hilfer1,3 1 Institut fu to generate a stochastic model for a Berea sandstone and a Fontainebleau sandstone, with each a prescribed two and the original sandstones. Also, the mean survival time of a random walker in the pore space is reproduced
Classification and reconstruction of three-dimensional microstructures using
Zabaras, Nicholas J.
Classification and reconstruction of three-dimensional microstructures using support vector of reconstructed microstructures with available experimental re- sults. Combination of classification methodology-dimensional microstructures experimentally characterized by combining digitized serial sections or through methods like X
The Virtual (Re)Construction of History: Some Epistemological Questions
El Antably, Ahmed
2010-01-01
Antably: The Virtual (Re)Construction of History 14. DoreenMay 1, 2010 THE VIRTUAL (RE)CONSTRUCTION OF HISTORY: SOMEthe use of perspectival constructions that emulate everyday
Monte Carlo event reconstruction implemented with artificial neural networks
Tolley, Emma Elizabeth
2011-01-01
I implemented event reconstruction of a Monte Carlo simulation using neural networks. The OLYMPUS Collaboration is using a Monte Carlo simulation of the OLYMPUS particle detector to evaluate systematics and reconstruct ...
On reconstruction and time reversal in thermoacoustic tomography in acoustically
Kuchment, Peter
On reconstruction and time reversal in thermoacoustic tomography in acoustically homogeneous of recent approaches to the reconstruction in thermoacoustic/photoacoustic tomography: backprojection of the problem of sound speed recovery is also provided. Keywords: Tomography, thermoacoustic, wave equation. AMS
Free energy reconstruction from irreversible single- molecule pulling experiments
Minh, David
2007-01-01
Free Energy Reconstruction from Irreversible Single-Molecule Pulling Experiments,” which was also a sourcefree energy reconstruction method [21, 22], as well as several extensions [39, 40]. The source ?
Eulerian BAO Reconstructions and N-Point Statistics
Schmittfull, Marcel; Beutler, Florian; Sherwin, Blake; Chu, Man Yat
2015-01-01
As galaxy surveys begin to measure the imprint of baryonic acoustic oscillations (BAO) on large-scale structure at the sub-percent level, reconstruction techniques that reduce the contamination from nonlinear clustering become increasingly important. Inverting the nonlinear continuity equation, we propose an Eulerian growth-shift reconstruction algorithm that does not require the displacement of any objects, which is needed for the standard Lagrangian BAO reconstruction algorithm. In our simulations, the algorithm yields 95% of the BAO signal-to-noise obtained from standard reconstruction. The reconstructed power spectrum is obtained by adding specific simple 3- and 4-point statistics to the pre-reconstruction power spectrum, making it very transparent how additional BAO information from higher-point statistics is included in the power spectrum through the reconstruction process. Analytical models of the reconstructed density for the two algorithms agree at second order. Based on similar modeling efforts, we ...
8 On Reconstruction Formulas and Algorithms for the
Kunyansky, Leonid
89 8 On Reconstruction Formulas and Algorithms for the Thermoacoustic Tomography Mark Agranovsky ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89 8.2 Thermoacoustic Tomography
ACCELERATING ITERATIVE FIELD-COMPENSATED MR IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION ON GPUS
Hwu, Wen-mei W.
ACCELERATING ITERATIVE FIELD-COMPENSATED MR IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION ON GPUS Yue Zhuo1 , Xiao-Long Wu2 , Justin P. Haldar2 , Wen-mei Hwu2 , Zhi-pei Liang2 , Bradley P. Sutton1 1 Department of Bioengineering for iterative MR image reconstruction using Graphics Processing Units (GPU). In MRI, iterative reconstruction
Residual Reconstruction for Block-Based Compressed Sensing of Video
Fowler, James E.
-sensing reconstruction for still images is adapted to video. Incorporating reconstruction from a residual arising from thresholding within the framework introduced in [2]. The term block-based CS (BCS) sampling with smooth] revealed that BCS-SPL reconstruction usually offers at least the same quality of recovery as does other
ORIGINAL PAPER An improved reconstruction of MayJune precipitation
Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.
ORIGINAL PAPER An improved reconstruction of MayJune precipitation using tree-ring data from developed a high quality reconstruction of MayJune precipitation for the interior region of southwest- ern . Tree ring . Precipitation reconstruction . Black pine . Volcanic eruption . Turkey Introduction
ORISE: Applied health physics projects
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Applied health physics projects The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) provides applied health physics services to government agencies needing technical support...
Waggoner, L.O.
1998-02-05
The presentation focuses on some of the time-proven and new technologies being used to accomplish radiological work. These techniques can be applied at nuclear facilities to reduce radiation doses and protect the environment. The last reactor plants and processing facilities were shutdown and Hanford was given a new mission to put the facilities in a safe condition, decontaminate, and prepare them for decommissioning. The skills that were necessary to operate these facilities were different than the skills needed today to clean up Hanford. Workers were not familiar with many of the tools, equipment, and materials needed to accomplish:the new mission, which includes clean up of contaminated areas in and around all the facilities, recovery of reactor fuel from spent fuel pools, and the removal of millions of gallons of highly radioactive waste from 177 underground tanks. In addition, this work has to be done with a reduced number of workers and a smaller budget. At Hanford, facilities contain a myriad of radioactive isotopes that are 2048 located inside plant systems, underground tanks, and the soil. As cleanup work at Hanford began, it became obvious early that in order to get workers to apply ALARA and use hew tools and equipment to accomplish the radiological work it was necessary to plan the work in advance and get radiological control and/or ALARA committee personnel involved early in the planning process. Emphasis was placed on applying,ALARA techniques to reduce dose, limit contamination spread and minimize the amount of radioactive waste generated. Progress on the cleanup has,b6en steady and Hanford workers have learned to use different types of engineered controls and ALARA techniques to perform radiological work. The purpose of this presentation is to share the lessons learned on how Hanford is accomplishing radiological work.
Lin, Feng
2014-01-01
RECONSTRUCTION AND CHEMICAL EVOLUTION OF STOICHIOMETRICreconstruction and chemical evolution in NMC materials andsurface reconstruction and chemical evolution herein refer
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of raregovAboutRecovery ActTools to someone byApplied Science/Techniques
Reconstruction of Intensity From Covered Samples
Barabash, Rozaliya; Watkins, Thomas R; Meisner, Roberta Ann; Burchell, Timothy D; Rosseel, Thomas M
2015-01-01
The safe handling of activated samples requires containment and covering the sample to eliminate any potential for contamination. Subsequent characterization of the surface with x-rays ideally necessitates a thin film. While many films appear visually transparent, they are not necessarily x-ray transparent. Each film material has a unique beam attenuation and sometimes have amorphous peaks that can superimpose with those of the sample. To reconstruct the intensity of the underlying activated sample, the x-ray attenuation and signal due to the film needs to be removed from that of the sample. This requires the calculation of unique deconvolution parameters for the film. The development of a reconstruction procedure for a contained/covered sample is described.
Smoothing spline primordial power spectrum reconstruction
Carolyn Sealfon; Licia Verde; Raul Jimenez
2005-11-01
We reconstruct the shape of the primordial power spectrum (PPS) using a smoothing spline. Our adapted smoothing spline technique provides a complementary method to existing efforts to search for smooth features in the PPS, such as a running spectral index. With this technique we find no significant indication with WMAP first-year data that the PPS deviates from Harrison-Zeldovich and no evidence for loss of power on large scales. We also examine the effect on the cosmological parameters of the additional PPS freedom. Smooth variations in the PPS are not significantly degenerate with other cosmological parameters, but the spline reconstruction greatly increases the errors on the optical depth and baryon fraction.
Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Monthly report
Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M.
1992-10-01
The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The independent Technical Steering Panel (TSP) provides technical direction. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates):Source Terms, Environmental Transport, Environmental Monitoring Data, Demography, Food Consumption, and Agriculture, and Environmental Pathways and Dose Estimates.
Generalized bounds for reconstruction of words
Sziklai, PÃ©ter
word w Fn t . Definition 1 Let sk(w) = {u Fk t : u w}, the multiset of all of the n k subwords of w problem: for a given word w of length n, what is the smallest k, such that we can reconstruct w from of these problems. It is relatively easy to prove (see [2] for instance), that s n-1(w) is enough for the reconstruc
Generalized bounds for reconstruction of words
Sziklai, PÃ©ter
a given word w # F n t . Definition 1 Let s k (w) = {u # F k t : u # w}, the multiset of all of the # n k two types of the reconstruction problem: for a given word w of length n, what is the smallest k] for instance), that s # n-1 (w) is enough for the reconstrucÂ tion of w. Using this result, Erdï¿½os, Sziklai
The reconstructed Big Bang from RHIC data
A. Ster; T. Csorgo
2001-12-04
The final state of $Au + Au$ collisions at sqrt{s}=130 AGeV at RHIC has been reconstructed within the framework of the Buda-Lund hydro model, by performing a simultaneous fit to preliminary PHENIX and STAR data on two-particle Bose-Einstein correlations and identified single particle spectra. The Hubble constant of the expanding final state of this heavy ion collision is determined to be H = = 0.77 +- 0.09.
Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project Monthly Report
Finch, S.M.; McMakin, A.H. (comps.)
1992-03-01
The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source Terms, Environmental Transport, Environmental Monitoring Data, Demography, Food Consumption, and Agriculture, and Environmental Pathways and Dose Estimates.
Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Monthly report
Finch, S.M.; McMakin, A.H. [comps.
1992-04-01
The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms, environmental transport, environmental monitoring data, demography, food consumption, and agriculture, and environmental pathways and dose estimates.
APPLIED TECHNOLOGY Strategic Plan Summary
Heller, Barbara
SCHOOL OF APPLIED TECHNOLOGY Strategic Plan Summary #12;School of Applied Technology Strategic Plan Summary | 1 SCHOOL OF APPLIED TECHNOLOGY STRATEGIC PLAN SUMMARY MISSION STATEMENT The mission Technology and Management program to achieve national visibility. #12;School of Applied Technology Strategic
Random unitary maps for quantum state reconstruction
Merkel, Seth T. [Institute for Quantum Computing, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Riofrio, Carlos A.; Deutsch, Ivan H. [Center for Quantum Information and Control (CQuIC), Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87131 (United States); Flammia, Steven T. [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)
2010-03-15
We study the possibility of performing quantum state reconstruction from a measurement record that is obtained as a sequence of expectation values of a Hermitian operator evolving under repeated application of a single random unitary map, U{sub 0}. We show that while this single-parameter orbit in operator space is not informationally complete, it can be used to yield surprisingly high-fidelity reconstruction. For a d-dimensional Hilbert space with the initial observable in su(d), the measurement record lacks information about a matrix subspace of dimension {>=}d-2 out of the total dimension d{sup 2}-1. We determine the conditions on U{sub 0} such that the bound is saturated, and show they are achieved by almost all pseudorandom unitary matrices. When we further impose the constraint that the physical density matrix must be positive, we obtain even higher fidelity than that predicted from the missing subspace. With prior knowledge that the state is pure, the reconstruction will be perfect (in the limit of vanishing noise) and for arbitrary mixed states, the fidelity is over 0.96, even for small d, and reaching F>0.99 for d>9. We also study the implementation of this protocol based on the relationship between random matrices and quantum chaos. We show that the Floquet operator of the quantum kicked top provides a means of generating the required type of measurement record, with implications on the relationship between quantum chaos and information gain.
Matthews, Daniel J.; Newman, Jeffrey A., E-mail: djm70@pitt.edu, E-mail: janewman@pitt.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 (United States)
2012-02-01
Cross-correlation techniques provide a promising avenue for calibrating photometric redshifts and determining redshift distributions using spectroscopy which is systematically incomplete (e.g., current deep spectroscopic surveys fail to obtain secure redshifts for 30%-50% or more of the galaxies targeted). In this paper, we improve on the redshift distribution reconstruction methods from our previous work by incorporating full covariance information into our correlation function fits. Correlation function measurements are strongly covariant between angular or spatial bins, and accounting for this in fitting can yield substantial reduction in errors. However, frequently the covariance matrices used in these calculations are determined from a relatively small set (dozens rather than hundreds) of subsamples or mock catalogs, resulting in noisy covariance matrices whose inversion is ill-conditioned and numerically unstable. We present here a method of conditioning the covariance matrix known as ridge regression which results in a more well behaved inversion than other techniques common in large-scale structure studies. We demonstrate that ridge regression significantly improves the determination of correlation function parameters. We then apply these improved techniques to the problem of reconstructing redshift distributions. By incorporating full covariance information, applying ridge regression, and changing the weighting of fields in obtaining average correlation functions, we obtain reductions in the mean redshift distribution reconstruction error of as much as {approx}40% compared to previous methods. We provide a description of POWERFIT, an IDL code for performing power-law fits to correlation functions with ridge regression conditioning that we are making publicly available.
Wang, Kun; Anis, Fatima; Li, Cuiping; Duric, Neb; Anastasio, Mark A
2015-01-01
Ultrasound computed tomography (USCT) holds great promise for improving the detection and management of breast cancer. Because they are based on the acoustic wave equation, waveform inversion-based reconstruction methods can produce images that possess improved spatial resolution properties over those produced by ray-based methods. However, waveform inversion methods are computationally demanding and have not been applied widely in USCT breast imaging. In this work, source encoding concepts are employed to develop an accelerated USCT reconstruction method that circumvents the large computational burden of conventional waveform inversion methods. This method, referred to as the waveform inversion with source encoding (WISE) method, encodes the measurement data using a random encoding vector and determines an estimate of the sound speed distribution by solving a stochastic optimization problem by use of a stochastic gradient descent algorithm. Both computer-simulation and experimental phantom studies are conduc...
Angular Reconstruction of a Lead Scintillating-Fiber Sandwiched Electromagnetic Calorimeter
Li, Zu-Hao; Wang, Ling-Yu; Zhang, Cheng; Tang, Zhi-Cheng; Yan, Qi; Yang, Min; Lu, Yu-Sheng; Chen, Guo-Ming; Chen, He-Sheng
2013-01-01
A new method called Neighbor Cell Deposited Energy Ratio (NCDER) is proposed to reconstruct incidence position in a single layer for a 3-dimensional imaging electromagnetic calorimeter (ECAL).This method was applied to reconstruct the ECAL test beam data for the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer-02 (AMS-02). The results show that this method can achieve an angular resolution of 7.36\\pm 0.08 / \\sqrt(E) \\oplus 0.28 \\pm 0.02 degree in the determination of the photons direction, which is much more precise than that obtained with the commonly-adopted Center of Gravity(COG) method (8.4 \\pm 0.1 /sqrt(E) \\oplus 0.8\\pm0.3 degree). Furthermore, since it uses only the properties of electromagnetic showers, this new method could also be used for other type of fine grain sampling calorimeters.
Angular Reconstruction of a Lead Scintillating-Fiber Sandwiched Electromagnetic Calorimeter
Zu-Hao Li; Wei-Wei Xu; Ling-Yu Wang; Cheng Zhang; Zhi-Cheng Tang; Qi Yan; Min Yang; Yu-Sheng Lu; Guo-Ming Chen; He-Sheng Chen
2013-08-26
A new method called Neighbor Cell Deposited Energy Ratio (NCDER) is proposed to reconstruct incidence position in a single layer for a 3-dimensional imaging electromagnetic calorimeter (ECAL).This method was applied to reconstruct the ECAL test beam data for the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer-02 (AMS-02). The results show that this method can achieve an angular resolution of 7.36\\pm 0.08 / \\sqrt(E) \\oplus 0.28 \\pm 0.02 degree in the determination of the photons direction, which is much more precise than that obtained with the commonly-adopted Center of Gravity(COG) method (8.4 \\pm 0.1 /sqrt(E) \\oplus 0.8\\pm0.3 degree). Furthermore, since it uses only the properties of electromagnetic showers, this new method could also be used for other type of fine grain sampling calorimeters.
Method for characterizing mask defects using image reconstruction from X-ray diffraction patterns
Hau-Riege, Stefan Peter (Fremont, CA)
2007-05-01
The invention applies techniques for image reconstruction from X-ray diffraction patterns on the three-dimensional imaging of defects in EUVL multilayer films. The reconstructed image gives information about the out-of-plane position and the diffraction strength of the defect. The positional information can be used to select the correct defect repair technique. This invention enables the fabrication of defect-free (since repaired) X-ray Mo--Si multilayer mirrors. Repairing Mo--Si multilayer-film defects on mask blanks is a key for the commercial success of EUVL. It is known that particles are added to the Mo--Si multilayer film during the fabrication process. There is a large effort to reduce this contamination, but results are not sufficient, and defects continue to be a major mask yield limiter. All suggested repair strategies need to know the out-of-plane position of the defects in the multilayer.
A. Benseny; G. Albareda; A. S. Sanz; J. Mompart; X. Oriols
2014-10-20
Bohmian mechanics provides an explanation of quantum phenomena in terms of point particles guided by wave functions. This review focuses on the formalism of non-relativistic Bohmian mechanics, rather than its interpretation. Although the Bohmian and standard quantum theories have different formalisms, both give exactly the same predictions for all phenomena. Fifteen years ago, the quantum chemistry community began to study the practical usefulness of Bohmian mechanics. Since then, the scientific community has mainly applied it to study the (unitary) evolution of single-particle wave functions, either by developing efficient quantum trajectory algorithms or by providing a trajectory-based explanation of complicated quantum phenomena. Here we present a large list of examples showing how the Bohmian formalism provides a useful solution in different forefront research fields for this kind of problems (where the Bohmian and the quantum hydrodynamic formalisms coincide). In addition, this work also emphasizes that the Bohmian formalism can be a useful tool in other types of (non-unitary and nonlinear) quantum problems where the influence of the environment or the global wave function are unknown. This review contains also examples on the use of the Bohmian formalism for the many-body problem, decoherence and measurement processes. The ability of the Bohmian formalism to analyze this last type of problems for (open) quantum systems remains mainly unexplored by the scientific community. The authors of this review are convinced that the final status of the Bohmian theory among the scientific community will be greatly influenced by its potential success in these type of problems that present non-unitary and/or nonlinear quantum evolutions. A brief introduction of the Bohmian formalism and some of its extensions are presented in the last part of this review.
Disparity coding: a technique for stereo reconstruction
Bell, William Bryan
1988-01-01
. Lee for his added help. TABLE OF COiUTENTS CHAPTER I INTRODI, CTION II FUSIOU AIODEL . Page A. Noise Introduction B. Edge Detection C. Fusion D. Disparity Calculation III CHANNEL CODING . 6 . 8 13 18 21 IV IXIAGE RECONSTRUCTION V... Values for ON Type Edges Noiseless Right Stereo Image Edges Right Stereo Image Edges with a SNR of 3 dB AWGN Separation Candidate and Target Edges Noiseless, ON Type Fusion Field Image Gray ? level Values of ON Type Fusion Field Noiseless Disparity...
Spurious Lyapunov Exponents in Attractor Reconstruction
Sauer, T.D. [Department of Mathematical Sciences, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030 (United States)] [Department of Mathematical Sciences, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030 (United States); Tempkin, J.A.; Yorke, J.A. [Department of Mathematics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Sauer, T.D.; Yorke, J.A. [Institute of Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)] [Institute of Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)
1998-11-01
Lyapunov exponents, perhaps the most informative invariants of a complicated dynamical process, are also among the most difficult to determine from experimental data. In particular, when using embedding theory to build chaotic attractors in a reconstruction space, extra {open_quotes}spurious{close_quotes} Lyapunov exponents arise that are not Lyapunov exponents of the original system. The origin of these spurious exponents is discussed, and formulas for their determination in the low noise limit are given. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}
War damages and reconstruction of Peruca dam
Nonveiller, E.; Rupcic, J.; Sever, Z.
1999-04-01
The paper describes the heavy damages caused by blasting in the Peruca rockfill dam in Croatia in January 1993. Complete collapse of the dam by overtopping was prevented through quick action of the dam owner by dumping clayey gravel on the lowest sections of the dam crest and opening the bottom outlet of the reservoir, thus efficiently lowering the water level. After the damages were sufficiently established and alternatives for restoration of the dam were evaluated, it was decided to construct a diaphragm wall through the damaged core in the central dam part as the impermeable dam element and to rebuild the central clay core at the dam abutments. Reconstruction works are described.
Applying Mathematics.... ... to catch criminals
O'Leary, Michael
Applying Mathematics.... ... to catch criminals Mike O'Leary Department of Mathematics Towson University Stevenson University Kappa Mu Epsion 2008 Mike O'Leary (Towson University) Applying mathematics Department Mike O'Leary (Towson University) Applying mathematics to catch criminals September 10, 2008 2 / 42
Journal of Applied Ecology 2004
Holl, Karen
Journal of Applied Ecology 2004 41, 922933 © 2004 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing-scale, Sacramento River, succession, vegetation Journal of Applied Ecology (2004) 41, 922933 Introduction More than@ucsc.edu). #12;923 Riparian forest restoration © 2004 British Ecological Society, Journal of Applied Ecology, 41
Journal of Applied Ecology 2002
Holl, Karen
Journal of Applied Ecology 2002 39, 960970 © 2002 British Ecological Society Blackwell Science- tion, succession. Journal of Applied Ecology (2002) 39, 960970 Introduction Efforts to reclaim@ucsc.edu). #12;961 Vegetation on reclaimed mines © 2002 British Ecological Society, Journal of Applied Ecology
Journal of Applied Ecology 2007
Journal of Applied Ecology 2007 44, 748759 © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 British, distribution, edge, marbled murrelets, model transferability, old-growth Journal of Applied Ecology (2007) 44-nesting Alcid © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 British Ecological Society, Journal of Applied
Efficient Dense Reconstruction Using Geometry and Image Consistency Constraints
Shashkov, Mikhail M; Mak, Jason; Recker, Shawn; Nguyen, Connie; Owens, John; Joy, Kenneth I
2015-01-01
Efficient Dense Reconstruction Using Geometry and Imagebenefit from dense and efficient multi-view reconstructionare made possible by efficient, accurate, and dense modeling
A CLASS OF RECONSTRUCTED DISCONTINUOUS GALERKIN METHODS IN COMPUTATION...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
of reconstructed discontinuous Galerkin (DG) methods is presented to solve compressible flow problems on arbitrary grids. The idea is to combine the efficiency of the...
A set of parallel, implicit methods for a reconstructed discontinuous...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
methods for a reconstructed discontinuous Galerkin method for compressible flows on 3D hybrid grids Citation Details In-Document Search Title: A set of parallel, implicit methods...
A Fast Algorithm for Total Variation Image Reconstruction from ...
2010-01-12
small number of linear projections and then reconstructs it from the limited ... [29] regularization in recovering high quality image is not without a price.
Population estimates for Phase 1: Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project
Beck, D.M.; Erickson, A.R.; Harkreader, S.A.
1992-03-01
This report summarizes the population estimates of Phase I of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. These estimates were used to develop preliminary dose estimates.
Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Monthly report
Finch, S. M.; McMakin, A. H.
1991-09-01
The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation dose that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is divided into five technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (i.e., dose estimates). The Source Terms Task develops estimates of radioactive emissions from Hanford facilities since 1944. The Environmental Transport Task reconstructs the movements of radioactive particles from the areas of release to populations. The Environmental Monitoring Data Task assemblies, evaluates and reports historical environmental monitoring data. The Demographics, Agriculture and Food Habits Task develops the data needed to identify the populations that could have been affected by the releases. The Environmental Pathways and Dose Estimates Task used the information derived from the other Tasks to estimate the radiation doses individuals could have received from Hanford radiation. This document lists the progress on this project as of September 1991. 3 figs., 2 tabs.
Hess-Flores, M
2011-11-10
Scene reconstruction from video sequences has become a prominent computer vision research area in recent years, due to its large number of applications in fields such as security, robotics and virtual reality. Despite recent progress in this field, there are still a number of issues that manifest as incomplete, incorrect or computationally-expensive reconstructions. The engine behind achieving reconstruction is the matching of features between images, where common conditions such as occlusions, lighting changes and texture-less regions can all affect matching accuracy. Subsequent processes that rely on matching accuracy, such as camera parameter estimation, structure computation and non-linear parameter optimization, are also vulnerable to additional sources of error, such as degeneracies and mathematical instability. Detection and correction of errors, along with robustness in parameter solvers, are a must in order to achieve a very accurate final scene reconstruction. However, error detection is in general difficult due to the lack of ground-truth information about the given scene, such as the absolute position of scene points or GPS/IMU coordinates for the camera(s) viewing the scene. In this dissertation, methods are presented for the detection, factorization and correction of error sources present in all stages of a scene reconstruction pipeline from video, in the absence of ground-truth knowledge. Two main applications are discussed. The first set of algorithms derive total structural error measurements after an initial scene structure computation and factorize errors into those related to the underlying feature matching process and those related to camera parameter estimation. A brute-force local correction of inaccurate feature matches is presented, as well as an improved conditioning scheme for non-linear parameter optimization which applies weights on input parameters in proportion to estimated camera parameter errors. Another application is in reconstruction pre-processing, where an algorithm detects and discards frames that would lead to inaccurate feature matching, camera pose estimation degeneracies or mathematical instability in structure computation based on a residual error comparison between two different match motion models. The presented algorithms were designed for aerial video but have been proven to work across different scene types and camera motions, and for both real and synthetic scenes.
On singularities and instability of reconstruction in thermoacoustic tomography
Nguyen, Linh V
2009-01-01
We consider the problem of thermoacoustic tomography (TAT), in which one needs to reconstruct the initial value of a solution of the wave equation from its value on an observation surface. We show that if some geometric rays for the equation do not intersect the observation surface, the reconstruction in TAT is not H\\"{o}lder stable.
Genes order and phylogenetic reconstruction: application to #Proteobacteria
Chauve, Cedric
Montrâ??eal Comparative Genomics, RECOMB 2005 International Workshop, RCG 2005, volume 3678 of Lecture reconstruction based on gene order for whole genomes. We define three genomic distances between whole genomes reconstruction methods to compute a phyÂ logeny for a group of 12 complete genomes of #ÂProteobacteria. Keywords
Volumetric Reconstruction in the MicroCAT Tomography System
Cates, Josh
Volumetric Reconstruction in the MicroCAT Tomography System A Thesis Presented for the Master sustained me my entire academic career. ii #12; Abstract A new system for xray conebeam microtomography that is based on twodimensional (fanbeam) reconstruction techniques. The disparity between the actual scanner
A RECONSTRUCTION ALGORITHM FOR ULTRASOUND-MODULATED DIFFUSE OPTICAL
Garnier, Josselin
A RECONSTRUCTION ALGORITHM FOR ULTRASOUND-MODULATED DIFFUSE OPTICAL TOMOGRAPHY HABIB AMMARI is to develop an efficient reconstruction algorithm for ultrasound-modulated diffuse optical tomography wave is propagating inside the medium, the optical parameter of the medium is perturbed. Using cross
Efficient MR Image Reconstruction for Compressed MR Imaging
Huang, Junzhou
demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed algorithm for com- pressed MR image reconstruction. 1 [1][2] show that it is possi- ble to accurately reconstruct the Magnetic Resonance (MR) images from for real MR images. Computation became the bottleneck that prevented this good model (1) from being used
Genes order and phylogenetic reconstruction: application to #Proteobacteria
Fertin, Guillaume
@lacim.uqam.ca Abstract. We study the problem of phylogenetic reconstruction based on gene order for whole genomes. We define three genomic distances between whole genomes represented by signed sequences, basedÂ logeny for a group of 12 complete genomes of #ÂProteobacteria. Keywords: Phylogenetic reconstruction
Genes order and phylogenetic reconstruction: application to -Proteobacteria
Fertin, Guillaume
@lacim.uqam.ca Abstract. We study the problem of phylogenetic reconstruction based on gene order for whole genomes. We define three genomic distances between whole genomes represented by signed sequences, based- logeny for a group of 12 complete genomes of -Proteobacteria. Keywords: Phylogenetic reconstruction
Volumetric Geometry Reconstruction of Turbine Blades for Aircraft Engines
Jüttler, Bert
Volumetric Geometry Reconstruction of Turbine Blades for Aircraft Engines David Großmann1 and Bert features throughout the process. Keywords: volumetric geometry reconstruction, turbine blades, trivari- ate. The volumetric B-spline parametrization which is discussed in the present paper enables us to explore new
Sandia Energy - Applied Turbulent Combustion
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
and they form the basis for the creation of validated submodels that bridge fundamental energy sciences with applied device engineering and optimization. Turbulent-combustion-lab...
Electronic structures of reconstructed zigzag silicene nanoribbons
Ding, Yi E-mail: wangyanli-04@tsinghua.org.cn; Wang, Yanli E-mail: wangyanli-04@tsinghua.org.cn
2014-02-24
Edge states and magnetism are crucial for spintronic applications of nanoribbons. Here, using first-principles calculations, we explore structural stabilities and electronic properties of zigzag silicene nanoribbons (ZSiNRs) with Klein and pentagon-heptagon reconstructions. Comparing to unreconstructed zigzag edges, deformed bare pentagon-heptagon ones are favored under H-poor conditions, while H-rich surroundings stabilize di-hydrogenated Klein edges. These Klein edges have analogous magnetism to zigzag ones, which also possess the electric-field-induced half-metallicity of nanoribbons. Moreover, diverse magnetic states can be achieved by asymmetric Klein and zigzag edges into ZSiNRs, which could be transformed from antiferromagnetic-semiconductors to bipolar spin-gapless-semiconductors and ferromagnetic-metals depending on edge hydrogenations.
Reconstructing the Star Formation Histories of Galaxies
Uta Fritze; Thomas Lilly
2007-01-15
We present a methodological study to find out how far back and to what precision star formation histories of galaxies can be reconstructed from CMDs, from integrated spectra and Lick indices, and from integrated multi-band photometry. Our evolutionary synthesis models GALEV allow to describe the evolution of galaxies in terms of all three approaches and we have assumed typical observational uncertainties for each of them and then investigated to what extent and accuracy different star formation histories can be discriminated. For a field in the LMC bar region with both a deep CMD from HST observations and a trailing slit spectrum across exactly the same field of view we could test our modelling results against real data.
Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Monthly report
McMakin, A.H.; Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M.
1992-07-01
The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The TSP consists of experts in environmental pathways, epidemiology, surface-water transport, ground-water transport, statistics, demography, agriculture, meteorology, nuclear engineering, radiation dosimetry, and cultural anthropology. Included are appointed technical members representing the states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, a representative of Native American tribes, and an individual representing the public. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms, environmental transport, environmental monitoring data, demography, food consumption, and agriculture, and environmental pathways and dose estimates. Progress is discussed.
Hyperspectral image reconstruction for x-ray fluorescence tomography
Gürsoy, Do?a; Biçer, Tekin; Lanzirotti, Antonio; Newville, Matthew G.; De Carlo, Francesco
2015-01-01
A penalized maximum-likelihood estimation is proposed to perform hyperspectral (spatio-spectral) image reconstruction for X-ray fluorescence tomography. The approach minimizes a Poisson-based negative log-likelihood of the observed photon counts, and uses a penalty term that has the effect of encouraging local continuity of model parameter estimates in both spatial and spectral dimensions simultaneously. The performance of the reconstruction method is demonstrated with experimental data acquired from a seed of arabidopsis thaliana collected at the 13-ID-E microprobe beamline at the Advanced Photon Source. The resulting element distribution estimates with the proposed approach show significantly better reconstruction quality than the conventional analytical inversion approaches, and allows for a high data compression factor which can reduce data acquisition times remarkably. In particular, this technique provides the capability to tomographically reconstruct full energy dispersive spectra without compromising reconstruction artifacts that impact the interpretation of results.
Hyperspectral image reconstruction for x-ray fluorescence tomography
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Gürsoy, Do?a; Biçer, Tekin; Lanzirotti, Antonio; Newville, Matthew G.; De Carlo, Francesco
2015-01-01
A penalized maximum-likelihood estimation is proposed to perform hyperspectral (spatio-spectral) image reconstruction for X-ray fluorescence tomography. The approach minimizes a Poisson-based negative log-likelihood of the observed photon counts, and uses a penalty term that has the effect of encouraging local continuity of model parameter estimates in both spatial and spectral dimensions simultaneously. The performance of the reconstruction method is demonstrated with experimental data acquired from a seed of arabidopsis thaliana collected at the 13-ID-E microprobe beamline at the Advanced Photon Source. The resulting element distribution estimates with the proposed approach show significantly better reconstruction quality than the conventional analytical inversionmore »approaches, and allows for a high data compression factor which can reduce data acquisition times remarkably. In particular, this technique provides the capability to tomographically reconstruct full energy dispersive spectra without compromising reconstruction artifacts that impact the interpretation of results.« less
Dual-spacecraft reconstruction of a three-dimensional magnetic flux rope at the Earth's magnetopause
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Hasegawa, H.; Sonnerup, B. U. Ö.; Eriksson, S.; Nakamura, T. K. M.; Kawano, H.
2015-02-03
We present the first results of a data analysis method, developed by Sonnerup and Hasegawa (2011), for reconstructing three-dimensional (3-D), magnetohydrostatic structures from data taken as two closely spaced satellites traverse the structures. The method is applied to a magnetic flux transfer event (FTE), which was encountered on 27 June 2007 by at least three (TH-C, TH-D, and TH-E) of the five THEMIS probes near the subsolar magnetopause. The FTE was sandwiched between two oppositely directed reconnection jets under a southward interplanetary magnetic field condition, consistent with its generation by multiple X-line reconnection. The recovered 3-D field indicates that amore »magnetic flux rope with a diameter of ~ 3000 km was embedded in the magnetopause. The FTE flux rope had a significant 3-D structure, because the 3-D field reconstructed from the data from TH-C and TH-D (separated by ~ 390 km) better predicts magnetic field variations actually measured along the TH-E path than does the 2-D Grad–Shafranov reconstruction using the data from TH-C (which was closer to TH-E than TH-D and was at ~ 1250 km from TH-E). Such a 3-D nature suggests that the field lines reconnected at the two X-lines on both sides of the flux rope are entangled in a complicated way through their interaction with each other. The generation process of the observed 3-D flux rope is discussed on the basis of the reconstruction results and the pitch-angle distribution of electrons observed in and around the FTE.« less
Dual-spacecraft reconstruction of a three-dimensional magnetic flux rope at the Earth's magnetopause
Hasegawa, H. [Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Sagamihara (Japan). Institute of Space and Astronautical Science.] (ORCID:000000021172021X); Sonnerup, B. U. Ö. [Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH (United States); Eriksson, S. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Nakamura, T. K. M. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Kawano, H. [Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz (Austria)
2015-01-01
We present the first results of a data analysis method, developed by Sonnerup and Hasegawa (2011), for reconstructing three-dimensional (3-D), magnetohydrostatic structures from data taken as two closely spaced satellites traverse the structures. The method is applied to a magnetic flux transfer event (FTE), which was encountered on 27 June 2007 by at least three (TH-C, TH-D, and TH-E) of the five THEMIS probes near the subsolar magnetopause. The FTE was sandwiched between two oppositely directed reconnection jets under a southward interplanetary magnetic field condition, consistent with its generation by multiple X-line reconnection. The recovered 3-D field indicates that a magnetic flux rope with a diameter of ~ 3000 km was embedded in the magnetopause. The FTE flux rope had a significant 3-D structure, because the 3-D field reconstructed from the data from TH-C and TH-D (separated by ~ 390 km) better predicts magnetic field variations actually measured along the TH-E path than does the 2-D Grad–Shafranov reconstruction using the data from TH-C (which was closer to TH-E than TH-D and was at ~ 1250 km from TH-E). Such a 3-D nature suggests that the field lines reconnected at the two X-lines on both sides of the flux rope are entangled in a complicated way through their interaction with each other. The generation process of the observed 3-D flux rope is discussed on the basis of the reconstruction results and the pitch-angle distribution of electrons observed in and around the FTE.
3D reconstruction of tensors and vectors
Defrise, Michel; Gullberg, Grant T.
2005-02-17
Here we have developed formulations for the reconstruction of 3D tensor fields from planar (Radon) and line-integral (X-ray) projections of 3D vector and tensor fields. Much of the motivation for this work is the potential application of MRI to perform diffusion tensor tomography. The goal is to develop a theory for the reconstruction of both Radon planar and X-ray or line-integral projections because of the flexibility of MRI to obtain both of these type of projections in 3D. The development presented here for the linear tensor tomography problem provides insight into the structure of the nonlinear MRI diffusion tensor inverse problem. A particular application of tensor imaging in MRI is the potential application of cardiac diffusion tensor tomography for determining in vivo cardiac fiber structure. One difficulty in the cardiac application is the motion of the heart. This presents a need for developing future theory for tensor tomography in a motion field. This means developing a better understanding of the MRI signal for diffusion processes in a deforming media. The techniques developed may allow the application of MRI tensor tomography for the study of structure of fiber tracts in the brain, atherosclerotic plaque, and spine in addition to fiber structure in the heart. However, the relations presented are also applicable to other fields in medical imaging such as diffraction tomography using ultrasound. The mathematics presented can also be extended to exponential Radon transform of tensor fields and to other geometric acquisitions such as cone beam tomography of tensor fields.
3D reconstruction from 2D images and applications to cell cytoskeleton
Cheng, Yuan, 1971-
2001-01-01
Approaches to achieve three dimensional (3D) reconstruction from 2D images can be grouped into two categories: computer-vision-based reconstruction and tomographic reconstruction. By exploring both the differences and ...
Pauly, Daniel
Reconstructing Philippine marine fisheries catches, Palomares, MLD and Pauly, D 14 Reconstructing Philippine marine fisheries catches: a rationale and a methodology20 M.L.D. Palomares and D. Pauly Sea Around Us, Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver BC, V6T 1Z4; Email: m.palomares
The Foundations of Applied Mathematics
Baez, John
The Foundations of Applied Mathematics John Baez Category-Theoretic Foundations of Mathematics Workshop May 5, 2013 #12;We often picture the flow of information about mathematics a bit like this: SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING APPLIED MATHEMATICS PURE MATHEMATICS FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS #12;Of course
Gao, Hao
2015-01-01
This work is to develop a general framework, namely filtered iterative reconstruction (FIR) method, to incorporate analytical reconstruction (AR) method into iterative reconstruction (IR) method, for enhanced CT image quality. Specifically, FIR is formulated as a combination of filtered data fidelity and sparsity regularization, and then solved by proximal forward-backward splitting (PFBS) algorithm. As a result, the image reconstruction decouples data fidelity and image regularization with a two-step iterative scheme, during which an AR-projection step updates the filtered data fidelity term, while a denoising solver updates the sparsity regularization term. During the AR-projection step, the image is projected to the data domain to form the data residual, and then reconstructed by certain AR to a residual image which is in turn weighted together with previous image iterate to form next image iterate. Since the eigenvalues of AR-projection operator are close to the unity, PFBS based FIR has a fast convergenc...
Asymptotic, multigroup flux reconstruction and consistent discontinuity factors
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Trahan, Travis J.; Larsen, Edward W.
2015-05-12
Recent theoretical work has led to an asymptotically derived expression for reconstructing the neutron flux from lattice functions and multigroup diffusion solutions. The leading-order asymptotic term is the standard expression for flux reconstruction, i.e., it is the product of a shape function, obtained through a lattice calculation, and the multigroup diffusion solution. The first-order asymptotic correction term is significant only where the gradient of the diffusion solution is not small. Inclusion of this first-order correction term can significantly improve the accuracy of the reconstructed flux. One may define discontinuity factors (DFs) to make certain angular moments of the reconstructed fluxmore »continuous across interfaces between assemblies in 1-D. Indeed, the standard assembly discontinuity factors make the zeroth moment (scalar flux) of the reconstructed flux continuous. The inclusion of the correction term in the flux reconstruction provides an additional degree of freedom that can be used to make two angular moments of the reconstructed flux continuous across interfaces by using current DFs in addition to flux DFs. Thus, numerical results demonstrate that using flux and current DFs together can be more accurate than using only flux DFs, and that making the second angular moment continuous can be more accurate than making the zeroth moment continuous.« less
Wang, Shaobu; Lu, Shuai; Zhou, Ning; Lin, Guang; Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Pai, M. A.
2014-09-04
In interconnected power systems, dynamic model reduction can be applied on generators outside the area of interest to mitigate the computational cost with transient stability studies. This paper presents an approach of deriving the reduced dynamic model of the external area based on dynamic response measurements, which comprises of three steps, dynamic-feature extraction, attribution and reconstruction (DEAR). In the DEAR approach, a feature extraction technique, such as singular value decomposition (SVD), is applied to the measured generator dynamics after a disturbance. Characteristic generators are then identified in the feature attribution step for matching the extracted dynamic features with the highest similarity, forming a suboptimal ‘basis’ of system dynamics. In the reconstruction step, generator state variables such as rotor angles and voltage magnitudes are approximated with a linear combination of the characteristic generators, resulting in a quasi-nonlinear reduced model of the original external system. Network model is un-changed in the DEAR method. Tests on several IEEE standard systems show that the proposed method gets better reduction ratio and response errors than the traditional coherency aggregation methods.
Quantum interferences reconstruction with low homodyne detection efficiency
Esposito, M; Titimbo, K; Zimmermann, K; Kourousias, G; Curri, A; Floreanini, R; Parmigiani, F; Fausti, D; Benatti, F
2015-01-01
Standard quantum state reconstruction techniques indicate that a detection efficiency of $0.5$ is an absolute threshold below which quantum interferences cannot be measured. However, alternative statistical techniques suggest that this threshold can be overcome at the price of increasing the statistics used for the reconstruction. In the following we present numerical experiments proving that quantum interferences can be measured even with a detection efficiency smaller than $0.5$. At the same time we provide a guideline for handling the tomographic reconstruction of quantum states based on homodyne data collected by low efficiency detectors.
GRADUATE BOOKLET Physics / Applied Physics
Rock, Chris
GRADUATE BOOKLET Physics / Applied Physics This booklet contains rules, guidelines and general information about graduate studies in the Physics Department at Texas Tech University. It does not replace documents. Contents I. General Comments: Admission, general policies, deadlines, etc II. Minimum
Modeling applied to problem solving
Pawl, Andrew
We describe a modeling approach to help students learn expert problem solving. Models are used to present and hierarchically organize the syllabus content and apply it to problem solving, but students do not develop and ...
IIT SCHOOL OF APPLIED TECHNOLOGY
Heller, Barbara
. MANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGY. #12;BE A LEADER OF THE NEXT INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. An undergraduate degree in IndustrialINDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT IIT SCHOOL OF APPLIED TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL OPERATIONS. RESOURCE MANAGEMENT. INDUSTRIAL FACILITIES. SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT. SUSTAINABILITY
HAWC: Design, Operation, Reconstruction and Analysis
Smith, Andrew J
2015-01-01
The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Observatory was completed and began full opera- tion on March 20, 2015. The detector consists of an array of 300 water tanks, each containing 200 ktons of purified water and instrumented with 4 PMTs. Located at an elevation of 4100m a.s.l. near the Sierra Negra volcano in central Mexico, HAWC has a threshold for gamma-ray detection well below 1 TeV and a sensitivity to TeV-scale gamma-ray sources an order of magnitude better than previous air-shower arrays. The detector operates 24 hours/day and observes the overhead sky (2 sr), making it an ideal survey instrument. We describe the configuration of HAWC with an emphasis on how the design was optimized, describe the data acquired, reconstructed and an- alyzed. Finally, we will demonstrate the sensitivity of the detector using the observation of the Crab. This paper serves as a detailed technical description of the foundations of the numerous analyses presented at this meeting by members of the HAWC collaboration.
Seetho, I M; Brown, W D; Kallman, J S; Martz, H E; White, W T
2011-09-22
This Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) provides the specific procedural steps for analyzing reconstructed CT images obtained under the IDD Standard Operating Procedures for data acquisition [1] and MicroCT image reconstruction [2], per the IDD Quality Assurance Plan for MicroCT Scanning [3]. Although intended to apply primarily to MicroCT data acquired in the HEAFCAT Facility at LLNL, these procedures may also be applied to data acquired at Tyndall from the YXLON cabinet and at TSL from the HEXCAT system. This SOP also provides the procedural steps for preparing the tables and graphs to be used in the reporting of analytical results. This SOP applies to R and D work - for production applications, use [4].
Seetho, I M; Brown, W D; Kallman, J S; Martz, H E; White, W T
2011-09-22
This Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) provides the specific procedural steps for analyzing reconstructed CT images obtained under the IDD Standard Operating Procedures for data acquisition [1] and MicroCT image reconstruction [2], per the IDD Quality Assurance Plan for MicroCT Scanning [3]. Although intended to apply primarily to MicroCT data acquired in the HEAFCAT Facility at LLNL, these procedures may also be applied to data acquired at Tyndall from the YXLON cabinet and at TSL from the HEXCAT system. This SOP also provides the procedural steps for preparing the tables and graphs to be used in the reporting of analytical results. This SOP applies to production work - for R and D there are two other semi-automated methods as given in [4, 5].
Reconstructing sleptons in cascade-decays at the linear collider
Mikael Berggren
2005-08-24
A method to reconstruct sleptons in cascade-decays at the FLC is presented. It is shown that experimental mass-resolutions as low as 8.7 MeV/c^2 are attainable.
The reconstruction of national identity following tragic events
Theye, Kirsten
2008-08-15
When large-scale tragedies occur in the United States, the national identity is shaken. Immediately after the event, as well as on anniversaries of the tragedy, the media work to reconstruct that identity in their editorial ...
Harmonic Image Reconstruction Assisted by a Nonlinear Metmaterial Surface
Wang, Zhiyu
We experimentally demonstrate a microwave far-field image reconstruction modality with the transverse resolution exceeding the diffraction limit by using a single layer of highly nonlinear metamaterial. The harmonic fields ...
Experiments on Surface Reconstruction for Partially Submerged Marine Structures
Papadopoulos, Georgios
Over the past 10 years, significant scientific effort has been dedicated to the problem of three-dimensional (3-D) surface reconstruction for structural systems. However, the critical area of marine structures remains ...
Fully Bayesian reconstructions from single photon emission computed
Green, Peter
Fully Bayesian reconstructions from single photon emission computed tomography data \\Lambda Iain S photon emission computerised tomography. 1 Introduction Single photon emission computerised tomography emission then occurs in the organ at a rate varying spatially according to the concentration. Indirect
Community structure and metabolism through reconstruction of microbial
Bruns, Tom
Community structure and metabolism through reconstruction of microbial genomes from the environment ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Microbial communities are vital in the functioning of all ecosystems; however, most microorganisms and energy generation, and provided insights into survival strategies in an extreme environment. The study
Highly efficient solid state catalysis by reconstructed (001) Ceria surface
Solovyov, VF; Ozaki, T; Atrei, A; Wu, LJ; Al-Mahboob, A; Sadowski, JT; Tong, X; Nykypanchuk, D; Li, Q
2014-04-10
Substrate engineering is a key factor in the synthesis of new complex materials. The substrate surface has to be conditioned in order to minimize the energy threshold for the formation of the desired phase or to enhance the catalytic activity of the substrate. The mechanism of the substrate activity, especially of technologically relevant oxide surfaces, is poorly understood. Here we design and synthesize several distinct and stable CeO2 (001) surface reconstructions which are used to grow epitaxial films of the high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O7. The film grown on the substrate having the longest, fourfold period, reconstruction exhibits a twofold increase in performance over surfaces with shorter period reconstructions. This is explained by the crossover between the nucleation site dimensions and the period of the surface reconstruction. This result opens a new avenue for catalysis mediated solid state synthesis.
Infrastructure for 3D model reconstruction of marine structures
Kurniawati, Hanna
2011-01-01
3D model reconstruction of marine structures, such as dams, oil-rigs, and sea caves, is both important and challenging. An important application includes structural inspection. Manual inspection of marine structures is ...
Energy reconstruction in the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment
Ulrich Mosel; Olga Lalakulich; Kai Gallmeister
2014-04-24
The Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment aims at measuring fundamental physical parameters to high precision and exploring physics beyond the standard model. Nuclear targets introduce complications towards that aim. We investigate the uncertainties in the energy reconstruction, based on quasielastic scattering relations, due to nuclear effects. The reconstructed event distributions as a function of energy tend to be smeared out and shifted by several 100 MeV in their oscillatory structure if standard event selection is used. We show that a more restrictive experimental event selection offers the possibility to reach the accuracy needed for a determination of the mass ordering and the $CP$-violating phase. Quasielastic-based energy reconstruction could thus be a viable alternative to the calorimetric reconstruction also at higher energies.
Some methods of estimating uncertainty in accident reconstruction
Milan Batista
2011-07-20
In the paper four methods for estimating uncertainty in accident reconstruction are discussed: total differential method, extreme values method, Gauss statistical method, and Monte Carlo simulation method. The methods are described and the program solutions are given.
A Paleoclimatic and Paleohydrologic Reconstruction of Pleistocene Fossil Lake, Oregon
Retrum, Julie Beth
2010-09-30
A PALEOCLIMATIC AND PALEOHYDROLOGIC RECONSTRUCTION OF PLEISTOCENE FOSSIL LAKE, OREGON By © 2010 Julie Beth Retrum B.A., University of Minnesota Morris, 2001 M.S., The University of Kansas, 2004 Submitted to the Department of Geology...: _______________________ ii The dissertation committee for Julie Beth Retrum certifies that this is the approved version of the following dissertation: A PALEOCLIMATIC AND PALEOHYDROLOGIC RECONSTRUCTION OF PLEISTOCENE FOSSIL LAKE, OREGON...
Reconstruction-classification method for quantitative photoacoustic tomography
Malone, Emma; Cox, Ben T; Arridge, Simon R
2015-01-01
We propose a combined reconstruction-classification method for simultaneously recovering absorption and scattering in turbid media from images of absorbed optical energy. This method exploits knowledge that optical parameters are determined by a limited number of classes to iteratively improve their estimate. Numerical experiments show that the proposed approach allows for accurate recovery of absorption and scattering in 2 and 3 dimensions, and delivers superior image quality with respect to traditional reconstruction-only approaches.
Validation Procedure of the Tokamak Equilibrium Reconstruction Code EQUAL with a Scientific Workflow System
CX-009418: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Electron Beam Melting CX(s) Applied: None applied. Date: 10/30/2012 Location(s): Missouri Offices(s): Kansas City Site Office
CX-009420: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Additive Manufacturing Using EOSINT M280 CX(s) Applied: None applied. Date: 10/30/2012 Location(s): Missouri Offices(s): Kansas City Site Office
CX-009419: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Magnetic Pulser CX(s) Applied: None applied. Date: 10/30/2012 Location(s): Missouri Offices(s): Kansas City Site Office
Rong, Lu; Wang, Dayong; Zhou, Xun; Huang, Haochong; Li, Zeyu; Wang, Yunxin
2014-01-01
We report here on terahertz (THz) digital holography on a biological specimen. A continuous-wave (CW) THz in-line holographic setup was built based on a 2.52 THz CO2 pumped THz laser and a pyroelectric array detector. We introduced novel statistical method of obtaining true intensity values for the pyroelectric array detector's pixels. Absorption and phase-shifting images of a dragonfly's hind wing were reconstructed simultaneously from single in-line hologram. Furthermore, we applied phase retrieval routines to eliminate twin image and enhanced the resolution of the reconstructions by hologram extrapolation beyond the detector area. The finest observed features are 35 {\\mu}m width cross veins.
Ng, Angela; Brock, Kristy K.; Sharpe, Michael B.; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Moseley, Joanne L.; Craig, Tim; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Hodgson, David C.
2012-11-15
Purpose: Understanding the relationship between normal tissue dose and delayed radiation toxicity is an important component of developing more effective radiation therapy. Late outcome data are generally available only for patients who have undergone 2-dimensional (2D) treatment plans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of 3D normal tissue dosimetry derived from reconstructed 2D treatment plans in Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) patients. Methods and Materials: Three-dimensional lung, heart, and breast volumes were reconstructed from 2D planning radiographs for HL patients who received mediastinal radiation therapy. For each organ, a reference 3D organ was modified with patient-specific structural information, using deformable image processing software. Radiation therapy plans were reconstructed by applying treatment parameters obtained from patient records to the reconstructed 3D volumes. For each reconstructed organ mean dose (D{sub mean}) and volumes covered by at least 5 Gy (V{sub 5}) and 20Gy (V{sub 20}) were calculated. This process was performed for 15 patients who had both 2D and 3D planning data available to compare the reconstructed normal tissue doses with those derived from the primary CT planning data and also for 10 historically treated patients with only 2D imaging available. Results: For patients with 3D planning data, the normal tissue doses could be reconstructed accurately using 2D planning data. Median differences in D{sub mean} between reconstructed and actual plans were 0.18 Gy (lungs), -0.15 Gy (heart), and 0.30 Gy (breasts). Median difference in V{sub 5} and V{sub 20} were less than 2% for each organ. Reconstructed 3D dosimetry was substantially higher in historical mantle-field treatments than contemporary involved-field mediastinal treatments: average D{sub mean} values were 15.2 Gy vs 10.6 Gy (lungs), 27.0 Gy vs 14.3 Gy (heart), and 8.0 Gy vs 3.2 Gy (breasts). Conclusions: Three-dimensional reconstruction of absorbed dose to organs at risk can be estimated accurately many years after exposure by using limited 2D data. Compared to contemporary involved-field treatments, normal tissue doses were significantly higher in historical mantle-field treatments. These methods build capacity to quantify the relationship between 3D normal tissue dose and observed late effects.
Applying for a Training Contract
, usual deadline is July 31, 2013 for entry in September 2015. Students should apply in the 2nd year aimed at 2nd year LLB students & final year non-law students. Competition for these places is often more will successfully complete the Legal Practice Course each year. From the point of view of the student, there can
Applied Sustainability Political Science 319
Young, Paul Thomas
1 Applied Sustainability Political Science 319 College of Charleston Spring 2013 Day/Time: TH 1 Address: fisherb@cofc.edu Office: 284 King Street, #206 (Office of Sustainability) Office Hours: by appt sustainability. It will focus on the development of semester-long sustainability projects, from conception
Journal of Applied Ecology 2006
Thomas, Len
Journal of Applied Ecology 2006 43, 377384 © 2006 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2006 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing Ltd METHODOLOGICAL INSIGHTS Point transect sampling with traps, Etive House, Beechwood Park, Inverness IV2 3BW, UK Summary 1. The ability to monitor abundance of animal
Applying the Continuous Monitoring Technical
by providing technical leadership for the nation's measurement and standards infrastructure. ITL develops tests of technical, physical, administrative, and management standards and guidelines for the cost-effective securityApplying the Continuous Monitoring Technical Reference Model to the Asset, Configuration
temperature heat pumps applied to
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Very high- temperature heat pumps applied to energy efficiency in industry Application of industrial heat pumps June 21 th 2012 J-L Peureux, E. Sapora, D. Bobelin EDF R&D #12;Achema 2012 Frankfurt There are thermal requirements in the industrial plant Treq Heat exchanger = Cons ~ 0 CO2 ~ -100% Treq
Tools for macromolecular model building and refinement into electron cryo-microscopy reconstructions
Brown, Alan; Long, Fei; Nicholls, Robert A.; Toots, Jaan; Emsley, Paul; Murshudov, Garib, E-mail: garib@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk [MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH (United Kingdom)
2015-01-01
A description is given of new tools to facilitate model building and refinement into electron cryo-microscopy reconstructions. The recent rapid development of single-particle electron cryo-microscopy (cryo-EM) now allows structures to be solved by this method at resolutions close to 3 Å. Here, a number of tools to facilitate the interpretation of EM reconstructions with stereochemically reasonable all-atom models are described. The BALBES database has been repurposed as a tool for identifying protein folds from density maps. Modifications to Coot, including new Jiggle Fit and morphing tools and improved handling of nucleic acids, enhance its functionality for interpreting EM maps. REFMAC has been modified for optimal fitting of atomic models into EM maps. As external structural information can enhance the reliability of the derived atomic models, stabilize refinement and reduce overfitting, ProSMART has been extended to generate interatomic distance restraints from nucleic acid reference structures, and a new tool, LIBG, has been developed to generate nucleic acid base-pair and parallel-plane restraints. Furthermore, restraint generation has been integrated with visualization and editing in Coot, and these restraints have been applied to both real-space refinement in Coot and reciprocal-space refinement in REFMAC.
Reconstruction of an unknown cavity with Robin boundary condition inside a heat conductor
Gen Nakamura; Haibing Wang
2015-05-22
Active thermography is a non-destructive testing technique to detect the internal structure of a heat conductor, which is widely applied in industrial engineering. In this paper, we consider the problem of identifying an unknown cavity with Robin boundary condition inside a heat conductor from boundary measurements. To set up the inverse problem mathematically, we first state the corresponding forward problem and show its well-posedness in an anisotropic Sobolev space by the integral equation method. Then, taking the Neumann-to-Dirichlet map as mathematically idealized measured data for the active thermography, we present a linear sampling method for reconstructing the unknown Robin-type cavity and give its mathematical justification by using the layer potential argument. In addition, we analyze the indicator function used in this method and show its pointwise asymptotic behavior by investigating the reflected solution of the fundamental solution. From our asymptotic analysis, we can establish a pointwise reconstruction scheme for the boundary of the cavity, and can also know the distance to the unknown cavity as we probe it from its inside.
Plasma tomographic reconstruction from tangentially viewing camera with background subtraction
Odstr?il, M.; Mlyná?, J.; Weinzettl, V.; Há?ek, P.; Verdoolaege, G.; Berta, M.
2014-01-15
Light reflections are one of the main and often underestimated issues of plasma emissivity reconstruction in visible light spectral range. Metallic and other specular components of tokamak generate systematic errors in the optical measurements that could lead to wrong interpretation of data. Our analysis is performed at data from the tokamak COMPASS. It is a D-shaped tokamak with specular metallic vessel and possibility of the H-mode plasma. Data from fast visible light camera were used for tomographic reconstruction with background reflections subtraction to study plasma boundary. In this article, we show that despite highly specular tokamak wall, it is possible to obtain a realistic reconstruction. The developed algorithm shows robust results despite of systematic errors in the optical measurements and calibration. The motivation is to obtain an independent estimate of the plasma boundary shape.
An ab initio approach to free-energy reconstruction using logarithmic mean force dynamics
Nakamura, Makoto Obata, Masao; Morishita, Tetsuya; Oda, Tatsuki; Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-1192
2014-05-14
We present an ab initio approach for evaluating a free energy profile along a reaction coordinate by combining logarithmic mean force dynamics (LogMFD) and first-principles molecular dynamics. The mean force, which is the derivative of the free energy with respect to the reaction coordinate, is estimated using density functional theory (DFT) in the present approach, which is expected to provide an accurate free energy profile along the reaction coordinate. We apply this new method, first-principles LogMFD (FP-LogMFD), to a glycine dipeptide molecule and reconstruct one- and two-dimensional free energy profiles in the framework of DFT. The resultant free energy profile is compared with that obtained by the thermodynamic integration method and by the previous LogMFD calculation using an empirical force-field, showing that FP-LogMFD is a promising method to calculate free energy without empirical force-fields.
Applied Mathematics Conferences and Workshops | U.S. DOE Office...
Office of Science (SC) Website
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Reconstruction of solar irradiance using the Group sunspot number
L. Balmaceda; N. A. Krivova; S. K. Solanki
2007-03-07
We present a reconstruction of total solar irradiance since 1610 to the present based on variations of the surface distribution of the solar magnetic field. The latter is calculated from the historical record of the Group sunspot number using a simple but consistent physical model. Our model successfully reproduces three independent data sets: total solar irradiance measurements available since 1978, total photospheric magnetic flux from 1974 and the open magnetic flux since 1868 (as empirically reconstructed from the geomagnetic aa-index). The model predicts an increase in the total solar irradiance since the Maunder Minimum of about 1.3 \\rm{Wm$^{-2}$}.
New designs in the reconstruction of coke-sorting systems
A.S. Larin; V.V. Demenko; V.L. Voitanik [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)
2009-07-15
In recent Giprokoks designs for the reconstruction of coke-sorting systems, high-productivity vibrational-inertial screens have been employed. This permits single-stage screening and reduction in capital and especially operating expenditures, without loss of coke quality. In two-stage screening, >80 mm coke (for foundry needs) is additionally separated, with significant improvement in quality of the metallurgical coke (25-80 mm). New designs for the reconstruction of coke-sorting systems employ mechanical treatment of the coke outside the furnace, which offers new scope for stabilization of coke quality and permits considerable improvement in mechanical strength and granulometric composition of the coke by mechanical crushing.
International combustion engines; Applied thermosciences
Ferguson, C.R.
1985-01-01
Focusing on thermodynamic analysis - from the requisite first law to more sophisticated applications - and engine design, this book is an introduction to internal combustion engines and their mechanics. It covers the many types of internal combustion engines, including spark ignition, compression ignition, and stratified charge engines, and examines processes, keeping equations of state simple by assuming constant specific heats. Equations are limited to heat engines and later applied to combustion engines. Topics include realistic equations of state, stroichiometry, predictions of chemical equilibrium, engine performance criteria, and friction, which is discussed in terms of the hydrodynamic theory of lubrication and experimental methods such as dimensional analysis.
ORISE: Applied health physics projects
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEY UNIVERSE The 2014 surveyNuclearHow toContactUndergraduateApplied
Sandia Energy - Applied Turbulent Combustion
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Evaluation of the spline reconstruction technique for PET
Kastis, George A. Kyriakopoulou, Dimitra; Gaitanis, Anastasios; Fernández, Yolanda; Hutton, Brian F.; Fokas, Athanasios S.
2014-04-15
Purpose: The spline reconstruction technique (SRT), based on the analytic formula for the inverse Radon transform, has been presented earlier in the literature. In this study, the authors present an improved formulation and numerical implementation of this algorithm and evaluate it in comparison to filtered backprojection (FBP). Methods: The SRT is based on the numerical evaluation of the Hilbert transform of the sinogram via an approximation in terms of “custom made” cubic splines. By restricting reconstruction only within object pixels and by utilizing certain mathematical symmetries, the authors achieve a reconstruction time comparable to that of FBP. The authors have implemented SRT in STIR and have evaluated this technique using simulated data from a clinical positron emission tomography (PET) system, as well as real data obtained from clinical and preclinical PET scanners. For the simulation studies, the authors have simulated sinograms of a point-source and three digital phantoms. Using these sinograms, the authors have created realizations of Poisson noise at five noise levels. In addition to visual comparisons of the reconstructed images, the authors have determined contrast and bias for different regions of the phantoms as a function of noise level. For the real-data studies, sinograms of an{sup 18}F-FDG injected mouse, a NEMA NU 4-2008 image quality phantom, and a Derenzo phantom have been acquired from a commercial PET system. The authors have determined: (a) coefficient of variations (COV) and contrast from the NEMA phantom, (b) contrast for the various sections of the Derenzo phantom, and (c) line profiles for the Derenzo phantom. Furthermore, the authors have acquired sinograms from a whole-body PET scan of an {sup 18}F-FDG injected cancer patient, using the GE Discovery ST PET/CT system. SRT and FBP reconstructions of the thorax have been visually evaluated. Results: The results indicate an improvement in FWHM and FWTM in both simulated and real point-source studies. In all simulated phantoms, the SRT exhibits higher contrast and lower bias than FBP at all noise levels, by increasing the COV in the reconstructed images. Finally, in real studies, whereas the contrast of the cold chambers are similar for both algorithms, the SRT reconstructed images of the NEMA phantom exhibit slightly higher COV values than those of FBP. In the Derenzo phantom, SRT resolves the 2-mm separated holes slightly better than FBP. The small-animal and human reconstructions via SRT exhibit slightly higher resolution and contrast than the FBP reconstructions. Conclusions: The SRT provides images of higher resolution, higher contrast, and lower bias than FBP, by increasing slightly the noise in the reconstructed images. Furthermore, it eliminates streak artifacts outside the object boundary. Unlike other analytic algorithms, the reconstruction time of SRT is comparable with that of FBP. The source code for SRT will become available in a future release of STIR.
Salzman, Daniel
Lessons from Columbia's MOOC, Civil War & Reconstruction Part 2 by Laura in Professor Eric Foner's well-received MOOC series on the Civil War and Reconstruction enrolled in Civil War and Reconstruction Part 2 (CWR2) than in Part 1
Image-Based Reconstruction of Spatially Varying Materials
Heidrich, Wolfgang
Image-Based Reconstruction of Spatially Varying Materials Hendrik P. A. Lensch1 Jan Kautz1 Michael material properties is an important step towards photorealistic rendering. Many real-world objects are composed of a number of materials that often show subtle changes even within a single material. Thus
Visualizing criminal networks reconstructed from mobile phone records
Ferrara, Emilio
Visualizing criminal networks reconstructed from mobile phone records Emilio Ferrara School and the organization of criminal networks is of fundamental importance for both the investi- gations informative sources includ- ing the records of phone traffic, the social networks, surveil- lance data
EQUILIBRIUM RECONSTRUCTION FROM DISCRETE MAGNETIC MEASUREMENTS IN A TOKAMAK
Faugeras, Blaise
EQUILIBRIUM RECONSTRUCTION FROM DISCRETE MAGNETIC MEASUREMENTS IN A TOKAMAK Blaise Faugeras (joint of the equilibrium in a Tokamak from discrete magnetic mea- surements. In order to solve this inverse problem we of a plasma in a Tokamak [1]. The state variable of interest in the modelization of such an equilibrium under
PLASMA POSITION CONTROL AND CURRENT PROFILE RECONSTRUCTION FOR TOKAMAKS *
Vallette, Bruno
PLASMA POSITION CONTROL AND CURRENT PROFILE RECONSTRUCTION FOR TOKAMAKS * F. Saint-Laurent# , B-Sophia-Antipolis, F-06100 Nice, France Abstract In large size tokamaks, plasma performances in term of internal is essential when high-power long-duration plasmas have to be per- formed as on the Tore Supra tokamak
Discovering indicators in decision making in relation to reconstruction
Christensen, Henrik Bærbak
"There are common indicators, in relation to the elements of the Architecture Busi- ness Cycle. The Architecture Business Cycle (ABC) [2] for these legacy systems is un- documented and in essence broken viable to reconstruct the architecture in order to let the system live on. This project will try to help
Notes on Single-Particle Reconstruction in Cryogenic
Duncan, James S.
Notes on Single-Particle Reconstruction in Cryogenic Electron Microscopy Hemant D. Tagare-dimensional structure of macromolecules. A more modern method is cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo-em), which of a cryo-EM experiment. In very simple terms, the cryo-em approach is to freeze several identical copies
Advanced MRI image reconstruction methods Jeffrey A. Fessler
Fessler, Jeffrey A.
1 Advanced MRI image reconstruction methods Jeffrey A. Fessler EECS Department BME Department, Dept in solution · 2003. Nobel prize in medicine to P. Lauterbur and Sir P. Mansfield! · 2005. Lustig, Donoho M0(rrr) spin (Hydrogen) density · Longitudinal (spin-lattice) relaxation T1(rrr) · Transverse (spin
Reconstructing the knee joint mechanism from kinematic data Irene Reichla
WeinmÃ¼ller, Ewa B.
Reconstructing the knee joint mechanism from kinematic data Irene Reichla *, Winfried Auzingerb-1040 Vienna, Austria; c Institute of Mechanics and Mechatronics, Vienna University of Technology, A) The interpretation of joint kinematics data in terms of displacements is a product of the type of movement
Reconstructing Critical Paths from Execution Traces Martijn Hendriks
Vaandrager, Frits
Reconstructing Critical Paths from Execution Traces Martijn Hendriks Embedded Systems Institute of constructing critical paths from incomplete information. In general, a directed acyclic graph of tasks with their execution times (i.e., a task graph) is necessary to extract critical paths. We assume, however, that only
Shape Anchors for Data-Driven Multi-view Reconstruction
Xiao, Jianxiong
We present a data-driven method for building dense 3D reconstructions using a combination of recognition and multi-view cues. Our approach is based on the idea that there are image patches that are so distinctive that we ...
Cardiac Computed Tomography Radiation Dose Reduction Using Interior Reconstruction Algorithm
Wang, Ge
recommendations are to use radiation dose as low as possible while satisfying the diagnosis requirement. ThereforeCardiac Computed Tomography Radiation Dose Reduction Using Interior Reconstruction Algorithm. Jeffrey Carr, MD,§¶ and Ge Wang, PhD,*Þþ Abstract: High x-ray radiation dose is a major public concern
Integrated Approach to Reconstruction of Microbial Regulatory Networks
Rodionov, Dmitry A; Novichkov, Pavel S
2013-11-04
This project had the goal(s) of development of integrated bioinformatics platform for genome-scale inference and visualization of transcriptional regulatory networks (TRNs) in bacterial genomes. The work was done in Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute (SBMRI, P.I. D.A. Rodionov) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL, co-P.I. P.S. Novichkov). The developed computational resources include: (1) RegPredict web-platform for TRN inference and regulon reconstruction in microbial genomes, and (2) RegPrecise database for collection, visualization and comparative analysis of transcriptional regulons reconstructed by comparative genomics. These analytical resources were selected as key components in the DOE Systems Biology KnowledgeBase (SBKB). The high-quality data accumulated in RegPrecise will provide essential datasets of reference regulons in diverse microbes to enable automatic reconstruction of draft TRNs in newly sequenced genomes. We outline our progress toward the three aims of this grant proposal, which were: Develop integrated platform for genome-scale regulon reconstruction; Infer regulatory annotations in several groups of bacteria and building of reference collections of microbial regulons; and Develop KnowledgeBase on microbial transcriptional regulation.
Image Quality in MAP SPECT Reconstructions A Dissertation Presented
must incorporate iii #12;an accurate forward model of the imaging system. An inaccurate model results of Philosophy degree, hereby recommend acceptance of this dissertation. Dr. Gene R. Gindi Advisor Associate a third type of noise,"model error". All three noise mechanisms propagate into the reconstruction
"Reconstructing high quality images using models and algorithms."
Zhigilei, Leonid V.
"Reconstructing high quality images using models and algorithms." Daniel S. Weller Assistant Theory and Algorithms Laboratory Increasing quality and resolution requirements in scientific and medical cost. Both trends drive the development of novel signal and image processing algorithms that are faster
Systematic reconstruction of RNA functional motifs with high throughput microfluidics
Quake, Stephen R.
Systematic reconstruction of RNA functional motifs with high throughput microfluidics Lance Martin1 Hill, NC 27599 Abstract We present RNA-MITOMI, a microfluidic platform for integrated synthesis microfluidic platform such that the entire RNA library could be simultaneously synthesized and then assayed
Event Reconstruction in Time Warp Lijun Li and Carl Tropper
Tropper, Carl
techniques are often used to reduce the overhead caused by state saving. In this paper, we propose event reconstruction as a tech- nique with which to reduce the overhead caused by event saving, and compare its memory, and does not save input events in the event queue. For simulations with fine event granularity and small
Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular era
Miller, Scott
Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular era Todd A. Blackledgea,1- catching webs. Here, we construct a broad higher-level phylogeny of spiders combining molecular data that the spider orb web evolved only once. We then examine spider diversification in relation to different web
Mass balance of Vatnajokull outlet glaciers reconstructed back to 1958
Rasmussen, L.A.
Mass balance of Vatnaj¨okull outlet glaciers reconstructed back to 1958 L. A. Rasmussen Department seasonal components of mass balance of five Vatnaj¨okull outlet glaciers. Over the period of observations of mass balance between 1991 and 2001, it had percentage r2 rang- ing from 41 to 93 for winter balance bw
MICRO: A Multilevel Caching-Based Reconstruction Optimization
Xie, Tao
MICRO: A Multilevel Caching-Based Reconstruction Optimization for Mobile Storage Systems Tao Xie. Compared with conventional stationary storage systems, mobile disk-array-based storage systems are more failure for mobile storage systems must be performance-driven, reliability-aware, and energy
Viewpoints in Software Architecture Reconstruction Arie van Deursen
van Deursen, Arie
Recommended Practice for Architectural Description of Software-intensive Systems [3] give a larger catalogViewpoints in Software Architecture Reconstruction Arie van Deursen CWI & Delft Univ. of Technology, FIN-00045, Helsinki, Finland claudio.riva@nokia.com 1 Introduction Many software engineering tasks
Improved Reconstruction of Images Distorted by Water Waves
Ribeiro, Eraldo
Waves 265 Fig. 1. An arbitrary selection of frames from our low energy wave data set via clusteringImproved Reconstruction of Images Distorted by Water Waves Arturo Donate and Eraldo Ribeiro Department of Computer Sciences Florida Institute of Technology Melbourne, FL 32901 adonate@fit.edu, eribeiro
Free energy reconstruction from nonequilibrium single-molecule pulling experiments
Weeks, Eric R.
Free energy reconstruction from nonequilibrium single-molecule pulling experiments Gerhard Hummer also drives the system away from equilibrium. Nevertheless, we show how equilibrium free energy of an extension of Jarzynski's remarkable identity between free energies and the irreversible work. Recent
Reconstructing the Genomic Architecture of Ancestral Mammals: Lessons From Human,
Batzoglou, Serafim
Reconstructing the Genomic Architecture of Ancestral Mammals: Lessons From Human, Mouse, and Rat Genomes Guillaume Bourque,1 Pavel A. Pevzner,2 and Glenn Tesler3,4 1 Centre de Recherches Mathe of Mathematics, University of CaliforniaÂSan Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA Recent analysis of genome
At the Intersection of Applied Formal Methods
Zimmerman, Daniel M.
of Technology University of Washington Tacoma NTU Graduate Seminar, - 7 January 2011 #12;Outline · Applied
Building Reliable Software Applied Formal Methods
Zimmerman, Daniel M.
Institute of Technology University of Washington Tacoma #12;Outline · Applied Formal Methods · Correctness
Genealogy Reconstruction From Short Tandem Repeat Genotypes in an Amazonian Population
Kidd, Kenneth
Genealogy Reconstruction From Short Tandem Repeat Genotypes in an Amazonian Population FRANCESC-8005 KEY WORDS microsatellites; Surui; parentage ABSTRACT We have reconstructed partial genealogies or half sibs. The genealogies inferred show that instances of polygyny and polyandry (or, alternatively
Combining recognition and geometry for data-driven 3D reconstruction
Owens, Andrew (Andrew Hale)
2013-01-01
Today's multi-view 3D reconstruction techniques rely almost exclusively on depth cues that come from multiple view geometry. While these cues can be used to produce highly accurate reconstructions, the resulting point ...
Cave and City: A Procedural Reconstruction of the Urban Topography of Magnesia on the Maeander
Saldana, Marie
2015-01-01
P. (2001). The Historical Topography of Ephesos. In UrbanismReconstruction of the Urban Topography of Magnesia on theReconstruction of the Urban Topography of Magnesia on the
Current developments at Giprokoks for coke-battery construction and reconstruction
V.I. Rudyka; Y.E. Zingerman; V.B. Kamenyuka; O.N. Surenskii; G.E. Kos'kova; V.V. Derevich; V.A. Gushchin [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)
2009-07-15
Approaches developed at Giprokoks for coke-battery construction and reconstruction are considered. Recommendations regarding furnace construction and reconstruction are made on the basis of Ukrainian and world experience.
Fast Algorithms for Image Reconstruction with Application to Partially Parallel MR Imaging
Yin, Wotao
Fast Algorithms for Image Reconstruction with Application to Partially Parallel MR Imaging Yunmei. Key words. Image reconstruction, Variable splitting, TV denoising, Nonlinear optimization 1 from an emerging magnetic resonance (MR) medical imaging technique known as partially parallel imaging
New algorithms for adaptive optics point-spread function reconstruction
Eric Gendron; Yann Clénet; Thierry Fusco; Gérard Rousset
2006-06-28
Context. The knowledge of the point-spread function compensated by adaptive optics is of prime importance in several image restoration techniques such as deconvolution and astrometric/photometric algorithms. Wavefront-related data from the adaptive optics real-time computer can be used to accurately estimate the point-spread function in adaptive optics observations. The only point-spread function reconstruction algorithm implemented on astronomical adaptive optics system makes use of particular functions, named $U\\_{ij}$. These $U\\_{ij}$ functions are derived from the mirror modes, and their number is proportional to the square number of these mirror modes. Aims. We present here two new algorithms for point-spread function reconstruction that aim at suppressing the use of these $U\\_{ij}$ functions to avoid the storage of a large amount of data and to shorten the computation time of this PSF reconstruction. Methods. Both algorithms take advantage of the eigen decomposition of the residual parallel phase covariance matrix. In the first algorithm, the use of a basis in which the latter matrix is diagonal reduces the number of $U\\_{ij}$ functions to the number of mirror modes. In the second algorithm, this eigen decomposition is used to compute phase screens that follow the same statistics as the residual parallel phase covariance matrix, and thus suppress the need for these $U\\_{ij}$ functions. Results. Our algorithms dramatically reduce the number of $U\\_{ij}$ functions to be computed for the point-spread function reconstruction. Adaptive optics simulations show the good accuracy of both algorithms to reconstruct the point-spread function.
Mandelis, Andreas
by a blue light-emitting diode, the x and x depth profiles were reconstructed from photothermal radiometric
Vinck, Patrick; Pham, Phuong N.; Kreutzer, Tino
2011-01-01
Conflict Reconstruction in Liberia. Human Rights Center,in the southeast led by the Liberia Peace Council (LPC),Conflict Reconstruction in Liberia National Patriotic Front
Reconstruction of the Free Energy in the Metastable Region using the Path Ensemble
Heermann, Dieter W.
Reconstruction of the Free Energy in the Metastable Region using the Path Ensemble Armando Ticona which we reconstruct the free energy as a function of the magnetic field, temperature and system size. From the reconstructed free energy, we obtain the free energy barrier that is associated
In-River Backwards Run Reconstruction of Fraser River Sockeye Fisheries from 2002 -2009 and
In-River Backwards Run Reconstruction of Fraser River Sockeye Fisheries from 2002 - 2009: Master of Resource Management Title of Research Project: In-River Backwards Run Reconstruction of Fraser managers I develop an in-river backwards run reconstruction to provide Conservation Unit (CU) specific
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Yang, Xiaoli; Hofmann, Ralf; Dapp, Robin; van de Kamp, Thomas; Rolo, Tomy dos Santos; Xiao, Xianghui; Moosmann, Julian; Kashef, Jubin; Stotzka, Rainer
2015-01-01
High-resolution, three-dimensional (3D) imaging of soft tissues requires the solution of two inverse problems: phase retrieval and the reconstruction of the 3D image from a tomographic stack of two-dimensional (2D) projections. The number of projections per stack should be small to accommodate fast tomography of rapid processes and to constrain X-ray radiation dose to optimal levels to either increase the duration o fin vivo time-lapse series at a given goal for spatial resolution and/or the conservation of structure under X-ray irradiation. In pursuing the 3D reconstruction problem in the sense of compressive sampling theory, we propose to reduce the numbermore »of projections by applying an advanced algebraic technique subject to the minimisation of the total variation (TV) in the reconstructed slice. This problem is formulated in a Lagrangian multiplier fashion with the parameter value determined by appealing to a discrete L-curve in conjunction with a conjugate gradient method. The usefulness of this reconstruction modality is demonstrated for simulated and in vivo data, the latter acquired in parallel-beam imaging experiments using synchrotron radiation.« less
CX-007571: Categorical Exclusion Determination
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CX-009923: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
CX-009923: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009923: Categorical Exclusion Determination Project Icebreaker CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 01072013 Location(s): Ohio...
CX-007056: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
7056: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007056: Categorical Exclusion Determination Interstate Electrification Improvement CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 09192011 Location(s):...
CX-100290 Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
0 Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-100290 Categorical Exclusion Determination Location, Location, Efficiency (Milwaukee, WI) Award Number: DE-EE0007069 CX(s) Applied: A9,...
CX-003197: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003197: Categorical Exclusion Determination Low Cost High Concentration Photovoltaic Systems for Utility Power Generation CX(s) Applied:...
CX-007370: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
370: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007370: Categorical Exclusion Determination Idaho-TRIBE-SHOSHONE-BANNOCK TRIBE OF THE FORT HALL RESERVATION OF IDAHO CX(s) Applied:...
CX-008534: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Peter Wentz Geothermal CX(s) Applied: B5.19 Date: 05/23/2012 Location(s): Pennsylvania Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-008204: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Energize Missouri HUG Finch CX(s) Applied: B5.19 Date: 03/23/2012 Location(s): Missouri Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-008203: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Energize Missouri HUG Demoret CX(s) Applied: B5.19 Date: 03/23/2012 Location(s): Missouri Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-009442: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Cutters Grove, Anoka CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.19 Date: 07/31/2012 Location(s): Minnesota Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-007836: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Building Retrofits CX(s) Applied: B5.19 Date: 01/30/2012 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
CX-008241: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Energize Missouri HUG Teter CX(s) Applied: B5.19 Date: 05/15/2012 Location(s): Missouri Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-008205: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Energize Missouri HUG Weaver CX(s) Applied: B5.19 Date: 03/23/2012 Location(s): Missouri Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-012097: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Microgrid Demonstration Project CX(s) Applied: B5.15 Date: 03/24/2014 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office
CX-002327: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Determination Central Facility Area and Advanced Test Reactor-Complex Analytical and Research and Development Laboratory Operation (Overarching) CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05...
CX-005162: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
5162: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005162: Categorical Exclusion Determination Green Chemistry - CEAM Phase 3 - Working Bug LLC CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 02082011...
CX-008545: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Solar Energy Evolution and Diffusion Studies CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 06/19/2012 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-012200: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Determination of Excess Real Property CX(s) Applied: B1.36 Date: 05/01/2014 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Legacy Management
CX-100081: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Exclusion Determination CX-100081: Categorical Exclusion Determination Harnessing the Hydro-Electric Potential of Engineered Drops Award Number: DE-EE0005428 CX(s) Applied:...
CX-012122: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OCGen Module Mooring Project CX(s) Applied: B5.25 Date: 04/29/2014 Location(s): Maine Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-006209: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Determination Missouri Independent Energy Efficiency Program: Anheuser-Busch - Brewery Energy Efficiency Retrofits CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 07012011 Location(s): Saitn...
CX-010109: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
09: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010109: Categorical Exclusion Determination Curecanti-Poncha 230 Kilovolt Transmission Line Cross Bar Ranch Project CX(s) Applied: B1.3...
CX-008683: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Shaniko Radio Station Replacement Project CX(s) Applied: B1.19 Date: 07/11/2012 Location(s): Oregon Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-009698: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Sale of Lakeside Radio Station CX(s) Applied: B1.24 Date: 12/27/2012 Location(s): Oregon Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012231: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Mica Peak Radio Station upgrade CX(s) Applied: B1.19 Date: 06/09/2014 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-011190: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Alberton Communication Site Construction CX(s) Applied: B1.19 Date: 08/26/2013 Location(s): Montana Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-010155: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Augspurger Radio Tower Replacement Project CX(s) Applied: B1.19 Date: 04/03/2013 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-011401: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Minto Lodge Rehabilitation CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 11/19/2013 Location(s): Alaska Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-010237: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Pittsburgh Green Innovators Synergy Center CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 02/28/2013 Location(s): Pennsylvania Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-008973: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Petrography Laboratory CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 08/01/2012 Location(s): West Virginia Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory
CX-010730: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Paisley Geothermal Integration CX(s) Applied: B1.7 Date: 08/09/2013 Location(s): Oregon Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-008161: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Prosser Hatchery Backup Generator Replacement CX(s) Applied: B1.31 Date: 04/16/2012 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-008700: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Natapoc Property Funding CX(s) Applied: B1.25 Date: 06/12/2012 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012788: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Bio-Aviation Fuel LCA with GREET CX(s) Applied: B5.15Date: 41906 Location(s): IllinoisOffices(s): Argonne Site Office
CX-012718: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Idaho State University Reactor Laboratory Modernization CX(s) Applied: B1.31Date: 41844 Location(s): IdahoOffices(s): Nuclear Energy
CX-012189: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Microbial Laboratory Analysis CX(s) Applied: B3.12 Date: 05/06/2014 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Argonne Site Office
CX-012317: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
High Performance Computing Upgrades CX(s) Applied: B1.31 Date: 06/16/2014 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Nuclear Energy
CX-012725: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Materials and Fuel Complex (MFC)-782 Fire Sprinkler Installation CX(s) Applied: B2.2Date: 41829 Location(s): IdahoOffices(s): Nuclear Energy
CX-010515: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Energy Efficiency Public Service Campaign CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 06/14/2013 Location(s): New York Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-007856: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Sacramento Regional Energy Alliance CX(s) Applied: B5.23 Date: 01/27/2012 Location(s): California Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-007858: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Southwest Solar Transformation Initiative CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 01/27/2012 Location(s): California Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-008250: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Geotechnical Core Drilling for USGS 138 CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 04/18/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Nuclear Energy
CX-012110: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Cowlitz Falls Fish Facility Access Agreement Extension CX(s) Applied: A2 Date: 04/02/2014 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-009398: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Domestic Source Recovery CX(s) Applied: B2.6 Date: 11/01/2012 Location(s): New Mexico Offices(s): Los Alamos Site Office
CX-012705: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC)-703 Fire Alarm Replacement CX(s) Applied: B2.2Date: 41858 Location(s): IdahoOffices(s): Nuclear Energy
CX-011250: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Determination Transforming Photovoltaic Installations Toward Dispatchable, Schedulable Energy Solutions CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.15 Date: 10172013 Location(s): Oregon...
CX-005950: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Determination Wisconsin Clean Transportation Partnership: Riteway Bus Services Propane Fueling Infrastructure CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 06012011 Location(s): Oak Creek,...
CX-006893: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Exclusion Determination Ohio Advanced Transportation PartnershipFrito Lay Columbus Propane Fueling Infrastructure CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 09282011 Location(s): Columbus,...
CX-008535: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
King County Biogas and Nutrient Reduction CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 05/22/2012 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-011110: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Advancements in Algal Biomass Yield CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 08/29/2013 Location(s): Hawaii Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-010343: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Bald Hill Farms Property Funding CX(s) Applied: B1.25 Date: 05/10/2013 Location(s): Oregon Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-011630: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
9831 Wall Construction Project CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 06/05/2013 Location(s): Tennessee Offices(s): Y-12 Site Office
CX-012816: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Rogue-Gold Beach Access Road Improvement CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41890 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-011177: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Hebo Substation Access Road Maintenance CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 09/13/2013 Location(s): Oregon Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-011184: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Salmon Creek Pond Property Funding CX(s) Applied: B1.25 Date: 08/29/2013 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-008698: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Poorman Ponds Property Funding CX(s) Applied: B1.25 Date: 06/12/2012 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-009630: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
ICP Routine Maintenance CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 11/06/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office
CX-009632: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
INTEC – Suspect RH-TRU (AMWTP) CX(s) Applied: NO CX GIVEN Date: 11/23/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office
CX-012722: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Test Reactor Area (TRA)-653 Conference Room Modifications CX(s) Applied: B1.15Date: 41829 Location(s): IdahoOffices(s): Nuclear Energy
CX-011564: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Excess Facilities Deactivation and Demolition CX(s) Applied: B1.23 Date: 11/05/2013 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office
CX-009753: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Propane Corridor Development Program CX(s) Applied: B5.22 Date: 12/06/2012 Location(s): Georgia Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory
CX-012482: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Mid-Atlantic Regional Infrastructure Development Project CX(s) Applied: B5.22Date: 41862 Location(s): MarylandOffices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory
CX-012002: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Raver-Covington Conductor Replacement CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 04/24/2014 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-010772: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Water Security Test Bed (WSTB) CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 07/17/2013 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Nuclear Energy
CX-100159 Categorical Exclusion Determination
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial and Industrial Pumps RIN: 1904-AC54 CX(s) Applied: B5.1
CX-100160 Categorical Exclusion Determination
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dehumidifiers RIN: 1904-AC81 CX(s) Applied: B5.1
CX-012706: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Radiochemistry Laboratory (RCL) Supply Intake Filter Housing CX(s) Applied: B2.5Date: 41858 Location(s): IdahoOffices(s): Nuclear Energy
CX-009295: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Energy Regional Innovation Cluster CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/05/2012 Location(s): Pennsylvania Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory
CX-003226: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Exclusion Determination Parris Island Wind Resource Assessment; National Renewable Energy Laboratory Tracking Number 10-032 CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 08042010...
CX-010258: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Bangladesh Meteorological Instrumentation Installation CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 04/26/2013 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-008803: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Milling Machine Replacement Projects CX(s) Applied: B1.31 Date: 05/14/2012 Location(s): Tennessee Offices(s): Y-12 Site Office
CX-002355: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002355: Categorical Exclusion Determination Kansas City Power and Light (KCP&L) Green Impact Zone Smart Grid Demonstration CX(s) Applied:...
CX-010113: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Compression Stress Relaxometer CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 03/28/2013 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office
CX-012434: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Low Cost Titanium Casting Technology CX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 41878 Location(s): OhioOffices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory
CX-009587: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
City of Houston, Texas CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 12/12/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-010261: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Nevada State Energy Program Formula CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 04/26/2013 Location(s): Nevada Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-009635: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
INTEC – U-233 Waste Stream Disposition CX(s) Applied: NO CX GIVEN Date: 12/15/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office
CX-009019: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Determination CX-009019: Categorical Exclusion Determination "Catalyst-Assisted Manufacture of Olefins from Natural Gas Liquids: Prototype Development CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6...
CX-011625: Categorical Exclusion Determinationc
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
9103 Second Floor Refurbishment CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 06/05/2013 Location(s): Tennessee Offices(s): Y-12 Site Office
CX-008609: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Vermont State Energy Program CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 07/03/2012 Location(s): Vermont Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-012790: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Haystack Butte Radio Site Land Acquisition CX(s) Applied: B1.24Date: 41939 Location(s): WashingtonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-004247: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Exclusion Determination CX-004247: Categorical Exclusion Determination Carolina Blue Skies Initiative CX(s) Applied: A1, B5.1 Date: 10142010 Location(s): Indian Trail,...
CX-012655: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Acquisition of Access Road Easements CX(s) Applied: B1.24Date: 41849 Location(s): WashingtonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012809: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
LURR 20140313 City of Vancouver Sewer Lateral CX(s) Applied: B4.9Date: 41906 Location(s): WashingtonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012651: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
LURR20140464 - Spencer May - Fence Construction CX(s) Applied: B4.9Date: 41858 Location(s): WashingtonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012632: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
LURR 20140456 - Salmon Creek Avenue Pathway Project CX(s) Applied: B4.9Date: 41885 Location(s): WashingtonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012808: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
LURR 20140504 Ross Substation Comcast Fiber Installation CX(s) Applied: B4.9Date: 41906 Location(s): WashingtonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012637: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
LURR 20140521 - David King - Sewer Line Installation CX(s) Applied: B4.9Date: 41876 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-010398: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Power Line Configuration CX(s) Applied: B4.13 Date: 04/25/2013 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office
CX-010091: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Power Line Configuration 2013-1 CX(s) Applied: B4.13 Date: 04/15/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Nuclear Energy
CX-002194: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
CX-002194: Categorical Exclusion Determination Install Demonstration Wind Turbine at Weldon Spring, Missouri, Site CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 04282010 Location(s):...
CX-012812: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Chemawa-Salem #1 & #2 Access Road Maintenance CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41893 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012469: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Gas Analysis Services CX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 41876 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory
CX-010656: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Stormwater Drainage Repair CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 06/18/2013 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office
CX-011995: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Exclusion Determination CX-011995: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hat Rock Tap Switching Station Equipment Transfer CX(s) Applied: B1.24 Date: 04102014 Location(s):...
CX-005991: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
CX-005991: Categorical Exclusion Determination Prairie Village, Kansas Ground Source Heat Pump Relocation CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 05252011 Location(s): Prairie Village,...
CX-012118: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Hydro Research Foundation University Research Awards - Tufts CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 05/21/2014 Location(s): Georgia Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-010437: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Rocky Ridge Radio Station Upgrade CX(s) Applied: B1.19 Date: 05/31/2013 Location(s): Montana Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-011239: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Security Upgrades at Multiple Substations CX(s) Applied: ? Date: 10/02/2013 Location(s): Oregon, Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012474: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Refractories/Ceramics Project CX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 41870 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory
CX-007418: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Sidewalks to School CX(s) Applied: B1.13 Date: 12/13/2011 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-006211: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Exclusion Determination Missouri Independent Energy Efficiency Program: Henniges Automotive - Process Air Compressor Upgrades CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 07182011 Location(s):...
CX-009423: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Relay and Switchboard Panel Replacements CX(s) Applied: B4.6 Date: 10/29/2012 Location(s): Arkansas Offices(s): Southwestern Power Administration
CX-012310: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Sawmill Creek Stream Bank Erosion CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 06/06/2014 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Argonne Site Office
CX-009132: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Landfill Gas Utilization Plant CX(s) Applied: B5.21 Date: 08/02/2012 Location(s): New York Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-012566: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Z-Area Fire Tank Painting CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41865 Location(s): South CarolinaOffices(s): Savannah River Operations Office
CX-007893: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
SunShot Massachusetts CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 02/10/2012 Location(s): Massachusetts Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-012463: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Reliable SOFC Systems CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6Date: 41877 Location(s): ConnecticutOffices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory
CX-011626: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Line Yard Fence Project CX(s) Applied: B1.11 Date: 06/05/2013 Location(s): Tennessee Offices(s): Y-12 Site Office
CX-010869: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Nauticas Research Program CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 08/07/2013 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Argonne Site Office
CX-007407: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Advanced Floating Turbine CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 12/07/2011 Location(s): Ohio Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-010768: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
ZIRCEX Nuclear Fuel Dissolution Testing CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 08/12/2013 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Nuclear Energy
CX-012810: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
St. Johns-Keeler Minor Access Road Improvement CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41901 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-009513: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Aquatic Invasive Mussels Monitoring CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 10/15/2012 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012658: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Chief Joseph and Custer Substations Security Fence Replacement CX(s) Applied: B1.11Date: 41843 Location(s): WashingtonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-007549: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Harrisonville - Waste Water Treatment Plant CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/10/2012 Location(s): Missouri Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-007550: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Kearney - Waste Water Treatment Plant CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/10/2012 Location(s): Missouri Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-007417: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Shift CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 12/21/2011 Location(s): Pennsylvania Offices(s): Golden Field Office
CX-010532: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Various Demolition Jobs CX(s) Applied: B1.23 Date: 06/07/2013 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Fermi Site Office
CX-012796: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Big Eddy-Redmond #1 Wood Pole Replacements CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41919 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012818: Categorical Exclusion Determination
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
La Pine-Chiloquin Wood Pole Replacements CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41887 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012813: Categorical Exclusion Determination
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Redmond-Pilot Butte #1 Wood Pole Replacements CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41893 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012799: Categorical Exclusion Determination
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Malin-Hilltop Wood Pole Replacements CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41915 Location(s): CaliforniaOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012805: Categorical Exclusion Determination
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Brasada-Harney #1 Wood Pole Replacements CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41908 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-012798: Categorical Exclusion Determination
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Davis Creek Tap Wood Pole Replacements CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41915 Location(s): CaliforniaOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
CX-009166: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Integration of Waste Heat Recovery, Waste-to-Energy Conversion, and Waste-to-Chemical Conversion with Industrial Gas and Chemical Manufacturing Processes CX(s) Applied:...
CX-011534: Categorical Exclusion Determination
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Grays River Confluence Property Funding CX(s) Applied: B1.25 Date: 11/08/2013 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration
Academic Plan Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering
Toronto, University of
Academic Plan Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering University of Toronto 2011 to 2016 Approved by Faculty Council October 6, 2011 #12;Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering Academic Plan Table ........................................................................................... 13 Chapter 4: Educating Future Engineers
Polynomials, Riemann surfaces, and reconstructing missing-energy events
Ben Gripaios; Kazuki Sakurai; Bryan Webber
2011-09-13
We consider the problem of reconstructing energies, momenta, and masses in collider events with missing energy, along with the complications introduced by combinatorial ambiguities and measurement errors. Typically, one reconstructs more than one value and we show how the wrong values may be correlated with the right ones. The problem has a natural formulation in terms of the theory of Riemann surfaces. We discuss examples including top quark decays in the Standard Model (relevant for top quark mass measurements and tests of spin correlation), cascade decays in models of new physics containing dark matter candidates, decays of third-generation leptoquarks in composite models of electroweak symmetry breaking, and Higgs boson decay into two tau leptons.
Population exposure dose reconstruction for the Urals Region
Degteva, M.O.; Kozheurov, V.P.; Vorobiova, M.I.; Burmistrov, D.S.; Khokhryakov, V.V.; Suslova, K.G.; Anspaugh, L.R.; Napier, B.A.; Bouville, A.
1996-06-01
This presentation describes the first preliminary results of an ongoing joint Russian-US pilot feasibility study. Many people participated in workshops to determine what Russian and United States scientists could do together in the area of dose reconstruction in the Urals population. Most of the results presented here came from a joint work shop in St. Petersburg, Russia (11-13 July 1995). The Russians at the workshop represented the Urals Research Center for Radiation Medicine (URCRM), the Mayak Industrial Association, and Branch One of the Moscow Biophysics Institute. The US Collaborators were Dr. Anspaugh of LLNL, Dr. Nippier of PNL, and Dr. Bouville of the National Cancer Institute. The objective of the first year of collaboration was to look at the source term and levels of radiation contamination, the historical data available, and the results of previous work carried out by Russian scientists, and to determine a conceptual model for dose reconstruction.
Free energy reconstruction from steered dynamics without post-processing
Manuel Athènes; Mihai-Cosmin Marinica
2010-06-30
Various methods achieving importance sampling in ensembles of nonequilibrium trajectories enable to estimate free energy differences and, by maximum-likelihood post-processing, to reconstruct free energy landscapes. Here, based on Bayes theorem, we propose a more direct method in which a posterior likelihood function is used both to construct the steered dynamics and to infer the contribution to equilibrium of all the sampled states. The method is implemented with two steering schedules. First, using non-autonomous steering, we calculate the migration barrier of the vacancy in Fe-alpha. Second, using an autonomous scheduling related to metadynamics and equivalent to temperature-accelerated molecular dynamics, we accurately reconstruct the two-dimensional free energy landscape of the 38-atom Lennard-Jones cluster as a function of an orientational bond-order parameter and energy, down to the solid-solid structural transition temperature of the cluster and without maximum-likelihood post-processing.
Reconstruction of the primordial power spectrum of curvature perturbations using multiple data sets
Hunt, Paul; Sarkar, Subir E-mail: s.sarkar@physics.ox.ac.uk
2014-01-01
Detailed knowledge of the primordial power spectrum of curvature perturbations is essential both in order to elucidate the physical mechanism ('inflation') which generated it, and for estimating the cosmological parameters from observations of the cosmic microwave background and large-scale structure. Hence it ought to be extracted from such data in a model-independent manner, however this is difficult because relevant cosmological observables are given by a convolution of the primordial perturbations with some smoothing kernel which depends on both the assumed world model and the matter content of the universe. Moreover the deconvolution problem is ill-conditioned so a regularisation scheme must be employed to control error propagation. We demonstrate that 'Tikhonov regularisation' can robustly reconstruct the primordial spectrum from multiple cosmological data sets, a significant advantage being that both its uncertainty and resolution are then quantified. Using Monte Carlo simulations we investigate several regularisation parameter selection methods and find that generalised cross-validation and Mallow's C{sub p} method give optimal results. We apply our inversion procedure to data from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe, other ground-based small angular scale CMB experiments, and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The reconstructed spectrum (assuming the standard ?CDM cosmology) is not scale-free but has an infrared cutoff at k?<5 × 10{sup ?4} Mpc{sup ?1} (due to the anomalously low CMB quadrupole) and several features with ? 2? significance at k/Mpc{sup ?1} ? 0.0013–0.0025, 0.0362–0.0402 and 0.051–0.056, reflecting the 'WMAP glitches'. To test whether these are indeed real will require more accurate data, such as from the Planck satellite and new ground-based experiments.
Maximum entropy method for reconstruction of the CMB images
A. T. Bajkova
2002-05-21
We propose a new approach for the accurate reconstruction of cosmic microwave background distributions from observations containing in addition to the primary fluctuations the radiation from unresolved extragalactic point sources and pixel noise. The approach uses some effective realizations of the well-known maximum entropy method and principally takes into account {\\it a priori} information about finiteness and spherical symmetry of the power spectrum of the CMB satisfying the Gaussian statistics.
Reconstruction from Radon projections and orthogonal expansion on a ball
Yuan Xu
2007-05-14
The relation between Radon transform and orthogonal expansions of a function on the unit ball in $\\RR^d$ is exploited. A compact formula for the partial sums of the expansion is given in terms of the Radon transform, which leads to algorithms for image reconstruction from Radon data. The relation between orthogonal expansion and the singular value decomposition of the Radon transform is also exploited.
Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project monthly report, May 1992
Finch, S.M.; McMakin, A.H. [comps.
1992-08-01
The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These task correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms, environmental transport, environmental monitoring data, demography, food consumption, and agriculture, and environmental pathways and dose estimates.
Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project monthly report, May 1992
Finch, S.M.; McMakin, A.H. (comps.)
1992-01-01
The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These task correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms, environmental transport, environmental monitoring data, demography, food consumption, and agriculture, and environmental pathways and dose estimates.
Phase 1 of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project
Not Available
1990-07-20
For more than 40 years, the US government made plutonium for nuclear weapons at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. Radioactive materials were released to both the air and water from Hanford. People could have been exposed to these materials, called radionuclides. The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is a multi-year scientific study to estimate the radiation doses the public may have received as a results of these releases. The study began in 1988. During the first phase, scientists began to develop and test methods for reconstructing the radiation doses. To do this, scientists found or reconstructed information about the amount and type of radionuclides that were released from Hadford facilities, where they traveled in environment, and how they reached people. Information about the people who could have been exposed was also found or reconstructed. Scientists then developed a computer model that can estimate doses from radiation exposure received many years ago. All the information that had been gathered was fed into the computer model. Then scientists did a test run'' to see whether the model was working properly. As part of its test run,'' scientists asked the computer model to generate two types of preliminary results: amounts of radionuclides in the environment (air, soil, pasture grass, food, and milk) and preliminary doses people could have received from all the routes of radiation exposure, called exposure pathways. Preliminary dose estimates were made for categories of people who shared certain characteristics and for the Phase 1 population as a whole. 26 refs., 48 figs.
Deep Vadose Zone Applied Field Research Initiative
Deep Vadose Zone Applied Field Research Initiative Fiscal Year 2012 Annual Report #12;Prepared Tasks 25 References 25 Appendix: FY2012 Products for the Deep Vadose Zone Applied Field Research Initiative Contents #12;Message from the Deep Vadose Zone- Applied Field Research Initiative Project Manager
Montana State University 1 Applied Mathematics
Maxwell, Bruce D.
Montana State University 1 Applied Mathematics Option M 171Q Calculus I 4 or M 181Q 348 Techniques of Applied Math I 3 M 349 Techniques of Applied Mathematics II 3 M 386R Software Applications in Mathematics 3 M 441 Numerical Linear Algebra & Optimization 3 M 442 Numerical Solution
Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics
Bohner, Martin
Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics Most downloaded articles January - August 2004 1: a survey Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 141 (2002) 1-26 2. M. Z. Liu, M. H. Song and Z([t])*1 Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 166 (2004) 361-370 3. S. Kutluay, A. Esen and I
Online Master of Science in Applied Psychology
Zhou, Xianghong Jasmine
Online Master of Science in Applied Psychology #12;Online Master of Science in Applied Psychology of psychology to today's changing business environment. On behalf of the University of Southern California, I Psychology online program. Here at USC, we recognize the importance of applying psychology in many areas
A new Bayesian approach to the reconstruction of spectral functions
Yannis Burnier; Alexander Rothkopf
2013-10-02
We present a novel approach for the reconstruction of spectra from Euclidean correlator data that makes close contact to modern Bayesian concepts. It is based upon an axiomatically justified dimensionless prior distribution, which in the case of constant prior function $m(\\omega)$ only imprints smoothness on the reconstructed spectrum. In addition we are able to analytically integrate out the only relevant overall hyper-parameter $\\alpha$ in the prior, removing the necessity for Gaussian approximations found e.g. in the Maximum Entropy Method. Using a quasi-Newton minimizer and high-precision arithmetic, we are then able to find the unique global extremum of $P[\\rho|D]$ in the full $N_\\omega\\gg N_\\tau$ dimensional search space. The method actually yields gradually improving reconstruction results if the quality of the supplied input data increases, without introducing artificial peak structures, often encountered in the MEM. To support these statements we present mock data analyses for the case of zero width delta peaks and more realistic scenarios, based on the perturbative Euclidean Wilson Loop as well as the Wilson Line correlator in Coulomb gauge.
Neutron source reconstruction from pinhole imaging at National Ignition Facility
Volegov, P.; Danly, C. R.; Grim, G. P.; Guler, N.; Merrill, F. E.; Wilde, C. H.; Wilson, D. C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States); Fittinghoff, D. N.; Izumi, N.; Ma, T.; Warrick, A. L. [Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)
2014-02-15
The neutron imaging system at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) is an important diagnostic tool for measuring the two-dimensional size and shape of the neutrons produced in the burning deuterium-tritium plasma during the ignition stage of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) implosions at NIF. Since the neutron source is small (?100 ?m) and neutrons are deeply penetrating (>3 cm) in all materials, the apertures used to achieve the desired 10-?m resolution are 20-cm long, single-sided tapers in gold. These apertures, which have triangular cross sections, produce distortions in the image, and the extended nature of the pinhole results in a non-stationary or spatially varying point spread function across the pinhole field of view. In this work, we have used iterative Maximum Likelihood techniques to remove the non-stationary distortions introduced by the aperture to reconstruct the underlying neutron source distributions. We present the detailed algorithms used for these reconstructions, the stopping criteria used and reconstructed sources from data collected at NIF with a discussion of the neutron imaging performance in light of other diagnostics.
Potential optimisation of the ATLAS reconstruction geometry description.
Andrews, Holly
2015-01-01
The offline reconstruction software of high energy physics experiments often uses a simplified geometry and material model in order to speed up the process of material effect integration within the event reconstruction. This geometry model is also often used for fast simulation purposes, in ATLAS for the fast track simulation FATRAS. As part of a 12 week summer project undertaken at CERN, the use of material property maps within the FATRAS software were explored. A new material properties map was developed that relies on less data storage, allowing for a higher level of geometric properties to be stored over a greater range of the geometry. This is done by compressing to an acceptable memory level. A new manipulator tool was also created that is able to correct the quantity of material assigned to individual layers within the tracking geometry via an array of scaling factors for each layer, which leads to more accuracy in reconstruction parameters. This new tool has been developed within the ATLAS offline fra...
Tomographic image reconstruction and rendering with texture-mapping hardware
Azevedo, S.G.; Cabral, B.K.; Foran, J.
1994-07-01
The image reconstruction problem, also known as the inverse Radon transform, for x-ray computed tomography (CT) is found in numerous applications in medicine and industry. The most common algorithm used in these cases is filtered backprojection (FBP), which, while a simple procedure, is time-consuming for large images on any type of computational engine. Specially-designed, dedicated parallel processors are commonly used in medical CT scanners, whose results are then passed to graphics workstation for rendering and analysis. However, a fast direct FBP algorithm can be implemented on modern texture-mapping hardware in current high-end workstation platforms. This is done by casting the FBP algorithm as an image warping operation with summing. Texture-mapping hardware, such as that on the Silicon Graphics Reality Engine (TM), shows around 600 times speedup of backprojection over a CPU-based implementation (a 100 Mhz R4400 in this case). This technique has the further advantages of flexibility and rapid programming. In addition, the same hardware can be used for both image reconstruction and for volumetric rendering. The techniques can also be used to accelerate iterative reconstruction algorithms. The hardware architecture also allows more complex operations than straight-ray backprojection if they are required, including fan-beam, cone-beam, and curved ray paths, with little or no speed penalties.
Wolberg, George
--Real-time 3D reconstruction of the human body has many applications in anthropometry, telecommunications
Athirathnam, Rajesh
1999-01-01
as in the case of tomographic reconstruction of bubbles. In the present work great strides have been made to alleviate both the problems by using a Hybrid model of Algebraic Reconstruction Technique (ART), Simplex Method and Genetic Algorithm (GA). The work done...
Investigation of statistical iterative reconstruction for dedicated breast CT
Makeev, Andrey; Glick, Stephen J.
2013-08-15
Purpose: Dedicated breast CT has great potential for improving the detection and diagnosis of breast cancer. Statistical iterative reconstruction (SIR) in dedicated breast CT is a promising alternative to traditional filtered backprojection (FBP). One of the difficulties in using SIR is the presence of free parameters in the algorithm that control the appearance of the resulting image. These parameters require tuning in order to achieve high quality reconstructions. In this study, the authors investigated the penalized maximum likelihood (PML) method with two commonly used types of roughness penalty functions: hyperbolic potential and anisotropic total variation (TV) norm. Reconstructed images were compared with images obtained using standard FBP. Optimal parameters for PML with the hyperbolic prior are reported for the task of detecting microcalcifications embedded in breast tissue.Methods: Computer simulations were used to acquire projections in a half-cone beam geometry. The modeled setup describes a realistic breast CT benchtop system, with an x-ray spectra produced by a point source and an a-Si, CsI:Tl flat-panel detector. A voxelized anthropomorphic breast phantom with 280 ?m microcalcification spheres embedded in it was used to model attenuation properties of the uncompressed woman's breast in a pendant position. The reconstruction of 3D images was performed using the separable paraboloidal surrogates algorithm with ordered subsets. Task performance was assessed with the ideal observer detectability index to determine optimal PML parameters.Results: The authors' findings suggest that there is a preferred range of values of the roughness penalty weight and the edge preservation threshold in the penalized objective function with the hyperbolic potential, which resulted in low noise images with high contrast microcalcifications preserved. In terms of numerical observer detectability index, the PML method with optimal parameters yielded substantially improved performance (by a factor of greater than 10) compared to FBP. The hyperbolic prior was also observed to be superior to the TV norm. A few of the best-performing parameter pairs for the PML method also demonstrated superior performance for various radiation doses. In fact, using PML with certain parameter values results in better images, acquired using 2 mGy dose, than FBP-reconstructed images acquired using 6 mGy dose.Conclusions: A range of optimal free parameters for the PML algorithm with hyperbolic and TV norm-based potentials is presented for the microcalcification detection task, in dedicated breast CT. The reported values can be used as starting values of the free parameters, when SIR techniques are used for image reconstruction. Significant improvement in image quality can be achieved by using PML with optimal combination of parameters, as compared to FBP. Importantly, these results suggest improved detection of microcalcifications can be obtained by using PML with lower radiation dose to the patient, than using FBP with higher dose.
Molecular Precursors-Induced Surface Reconstruction at Graphene/Pt(111) Interfaces
Wang, Qian; Shi, Xingqiang
2015-01-01
Inspired by experimental observations of Pt(111) surfaces reconstruction at the Pt/graphene (Gr) interfaces with ordered vacancy networks in the outermost Pt layer, the mechanism of the surface reconstruction is investigated by van-der-Waals-corrected density functional theory in combination with particle-swarm optimization algorithm and ab initio atomistic thermodynamics. Our global structural search finds a more stable reconstructed (Rec) structure than that was reported before. With correction for vacancy formation energy, we demonstrate that the experimental observed surface reconstruction occurred at the earlier stages of graphene formation: 1) reconstruction occurred when C60 adsorption (before decomposition to form graphene) for C60 as a molecular precursor, or 2) reconstruction occurred when there were (partial) hydrogens retain in the adsorbed carbon structures for C2H4 and C60H30 as precursors. The reason can be attributed to that the energy gain, from the strengthened Pt-C bonding for C of C60 or f...
Building America Expert Meeting: Recommendations for Applying...
Building America Expert Meeting: Recommendations for Applying Water Heaters in Combination Space and Domestic Water Heating Systems Building America Expert Meeting: Recommendations...
Alumni & Industry Magazine Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry
Prodiæ, Aleksandar
grease, waste animal fats, recycled veg- etable oils and agricultural seed oils into biodiesel. BioxAlumni & Industry Magazine Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry University of Toronto Volume 10
Modeling International Relationships in Applied General Equilibrium...
in Applied General Equilibrium (MIRAGE) AgencyCompany Organization: International Food Policy Research Institute, Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations...
Environmental Impact and Sustainability Applied General Equilibrium...
Model (ENVISAGE) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Environmental Impact and Sustainability Applied General Equilibrium Model (ENVISAGE) Agency...
Surface state reconstruction in ion-damaged SmB?
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Wakeham, N.; Wang, Y. Q.; Fisk, Z.; Ronning, F.; Thompson, J. D.
2015-02-01
We have used ion-irradiation to damage the (001) surfaces of SmB? single crystals to varying depths, and have measured the resistivity as a function of temperature for each depth of damage. We observe a reduction in the residual resistivity with increasing depth of damage. Our data are consistent with a model in which the surface state is not destroyed by the ion-irradiation, but instead the damaged layer is poorly conducting and the initial surface state is reconstructed below the damage. This behavior is consistent with a surface state that is topologically protected.
Quantitative Monte Carlo-based holmium-166 SPECT reconstruction
Elschot, Mattijs; Smits, Maarten L. J.; Nijsen, Johannes F. W.; Lam, Marnix G. E. H.; Zonnenberg, Bernard A.; Bosch, Maurice A. A. J. van den; Jong, Hugo W. A. M. de [Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht (Netherlands); Viergever, Max A. [Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht (Netherlands)] [Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht (Netherlands)
2013-11-15
Purpose: Quantitative imaging of the radionuclide distribution is of increasing interest for microsphere radioembolization (RE) of liver malignancies, to aid treatment planning and dosimetry. For this purpose, holmium-166 ({sup 166}Ho) microspheres have been developed, which can be visualized with a gamma camera. The objective of this work is to develop and evaluate a new reconstruction method for quantitative {sup 166}Ho SPECT, including Monte Carlo-based modeling of photon contributions from the full energy spectrum.Methods: A fast Monte Carlo (MC) simulator was developed for simulation of {sup 166}Ho projection images and incorporated in a statistical reconstruction algorithm (SPECT-fMC). Photon scatter and attenuation for all photons sampled from the full {sup 166}Ho energy spectrum were modeled during reconstruction by Monte Carlo simulations. The energy- and distance-dependent collimator-detector response was modeled using precalculated convolution kernels. Phantom experiments were performed to quantitatively evaluate image contrast, image noise, count errors, and activity recovery coefficients (ARCs) of SPECT-fMC in comparison with those of an energy window-based method for correction of down-scattered high-energy photons (SPECT-DSW) and a previously presented hybrid method that combines MC simulation of photopeak scatter with energy window-based estimation of down-scattered high-energy contributions (SPECT-ppMC+DSW). Additionally, the impact of SPECT-fMC on whole-body recovered activities (A{sup est}) and estimated radiation absorbed doses was evaluated using clinical SPECT data of six {sup 166}Ho RE patients.Results: At the same noise level, SPECT-fMC images showed substantially higher contrast than SPECT-DSW and SPECT-ppMC+DSW in spheres ?17 mm in diameter. The count error was reduced from 29% (SPECT-DSW) and 25% (SPECT-ppMC+DSW) to 12% (SPECT-fMC). ARCs in five spherical volumes of 1.96–106.21 ml were improved from 32%–63% (SPECT-DSW) and 50%–80% (SPECT-ppMC+DSW) to 76%–103% (SPECT-fMC). Furthermore, SPECT-fMC recovered whole-body activities were most accurate (A{sup est}= 1.06 × A ? 5.90 MBq, R{sup 2}= 0.97) and SPECT-fMC tumor absorbed doses were significantly higher than with SPECT-DSW (p = 0.031) and SPECT-ppMC+DSW (p = 0.031).Conclusions: The quantitative accuracy of {sup 166}Ho SPECT is improved by Monte Carlo-based modeling of the image degrading factors. Consequently, the proposed reconstruction method enables accurate estimation of the radiation absorbed dose in clinical practice.
Accelerated signal encoding and reconstruction using pixon method
Puetter, Richard (San Diego, CA); Yahil, Amos (Stony Brook, NY)
2002-01-01
The method identifies a Pixon element, which is a fundamental and indivisible unit of information, and a Pixon basis, which is the set of possible functions from which the Pixon elements are selected. The actual Pixon elements selected from this basis during the reconstruction process represents the smallest number of such units required to fit the data and representing the minimum number of parameters necessary to specify the image. The Pixon kernels can have arbitrary properties (e.g., shape, size, and/or position) as needed to best fit the data.
Accelerated signal encoding and reconstruction using pixon method
Puetter, Richard (San Diego, CA); Yahil, Amos (Stony Brook, NY)
2002-01-01
The method identifies a Pixon element, which is a fundamental and indivisible unit of information, and a Pixon basis, which is the set of possible functions from which the Pixon elements are selected. The actual Pixon elements selected from this basis during the reconstruction process represents the smallest number of such units required to fit the data and representing the minimum number of parameters necessary to specify the image. The Pixon kernels can have arbitrary properties (e.g., shape size, and/or position) as needed to best fit the data.
On the reconstruction of seasonal oceanic precipitation in the presatellite era
Washington, Richard
satellites and the processing of data from dedicated sensors (operating at infrared and microwave wavelengths have evaluated the capabilities and limitations of reconstructing oceanic precipitation using land
Atomic and Electronic Structure of the BaTiO3(001) Surface Reconstruction
Rappe, Andrew M.
Reconstruction John Mark P. Martirez,1 Erie H. Morales,2 Wissam A. Saidi,3 Dawn A. Bonnell,2 and Andrew M. Rappe1
Direct Reconstruction of dynamical dark energy from observational Hubble Parameter data
Liu, Zhi-E; Zhang, Tong-Jie; Wang, Bao-Quan; Bi, Shao-Lan
2015-01-01
Reconstructing the evolution history of the equation of state parameter $w(z)$ directly from observational data is highly valuable in cosmology, since it holds substantial clues in understanding the origin of the accelerated expansion of the Universe. Contrast to a wealth of works on reconstructing $w(z)$ from supernova data, few work pay attention to Hubble parameter data. We analyze the merit of Hubble parameter data and make an attempt on reconstructing $w(z)$ from them, using the PCA approach introduced. We find that current Hubble parameter data does well in reconstructing w(z), though compared to supernova data, they are scant and their quality is much poor.
Zhao, J.; Wang, S.; Chen, H.; Shi, Y.; Li, D.
2006-01-01
with the software PKPM, and provides the technical and economic analysis, which may provide reference for suitable plans for energy efficient reconstruction of buildings in cold areas....
A Hierarchical NeuroBayes-based Algorithm for Full Reconstruction of B Mesons at B Factories
Michael Feindt; Fabian Keller; Michal Kreps; Thomas Kuhr; Sebastian Neubauer; Daniel Zander; Anze Zupanc
2011-09-19
We describe a new B-meson full reconstruction algorithm designed for the Belle experiment at the B-factory KEKB, an asymmetric e+e- collider that collected a data sample of 771.6 x 10^6 BBbar pairs during its running time. To maximize the number of reconstructed B decay channels, it utilizes a hierarchical reconstruction procedure and probabilistic calculus instead of classical selection cuts. The multivariate analysis package NeuroBayes was used extensively to hold the balance between highest possible efficiency, robustness and acceptable consumption of CPU time. In total, 1104 exclusive decay channels were reconstructed, employing 71 neural networks altogether. Overall, we correctly reconstruct one B+/- or B0 candidate in 0.28% or 0.18% of the BBbar events, respectively. Compared to the cut-based classical reconstruction algorithm used at the Belle experiment, this is an improvement in efficiency by roughly a factor of 2, depending on the analysis considered. The new framework also features the ability to choose the desired purity or efficiency of the fully reconstructed sample freely. If the same purity as for the classical full reconstruction code is desired ~25%, the efficiency is still larger by nearly a factor of 2. If, on the other hand, the efficiency is chosen at a similar level as the classical full reconstruction, the purity rises from ~25% to nearly 90%.
UNL Core for Applied Genomics and Ecology
Farritor, Shane
UNL Core for Applied Genomics and Ecology Bioinformatics training Roche 454 GS-FLX Registration, Microbiomes, Variant Analysis, Whole Genomes, Transcriptomes Data Analysis and Statistics CAGE database and employer. University of Nebraska-Lincoln*Core for Applied Genomics and Ecology* 323 Filley Hall *Lincoln
FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE ENGINEERING NEWS
Pulfrey, David L.
in the race. After their two competition cars were totalled, they've now regroupFACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE ENGINEERING NEWS FALL 2014 / WINTER 2015 PROTECTING THE ENVIRONMENT -- USING NATURAL ENGINEERING SURVIVE AND THRIVE APPLIED RESEARCH FACILITY -- STAR -- TAKES OFF
Disease management Applying Stylet Oil, Sulforix or
Isaacs, Rufus
1 Disease management Applying Stylet Oil, Sulforix or Armicarb now to vines with powdery mildew will reduce disease pressure next year. Do not apply Sulforix to sulfur-sensitive grapes. Bunch rots are best controlled by leaf pulling, but application of Fungastop may help reduce sour rot. Insect management Low
Nuclear Facilities and Applied Technologies at Sandia
Wheeler, Dave; Kaiser, Krista; Martin, Lonnie; Hanson, Don; Harms, Gary; Quirk, Tom
2014-11-28
The Nuclear Facilities and Applied Technologies organization at Sandia National Laboratories’ Technical Area Five (TA-V) is the leader in advancing nuclear technologies through applied radiation science and unique nuclear environments. This video describes the organization’s capabilities, facilities, and culture.
Diagnostics of inhomogeneous stellar jets: Convolution effects and data reconstruction
F. De Colle; C. del Burgo; A. C. Raga
2008-05-05
CONTEXT: In the interpretation of stellar jet observations, the physical parameters are usually determined from emission line ratios, obtained from spectroscopic observations or using the information contained in narrow band images. The basic hypothesis in the interpretation of the observations is that the emitting region is homogeneous along the line of sight. Actually, stellar jets are in general not homogeneous, and therefore line of sight convolution effects may lead to the main uncertainty in the determination of the physical parameters. AIMS: This paper is aimed at showing the systematic errors introduced when assuming an homogeneous medium, and studying the effect of an inhomogeneous medium on plasma diagnostics for the case of a stellar jet. In addition, we explore how to reconstruct the volumetric physical parameters of the jet (i. e., with dependence both across and along the line of sight). METHODS: We use standard techniques to determine the physical parameters, i. e., the electron density, temperature and hydrogen ionisation fraction across the jet, and a multi-Gaussian method to invert the Abel transform and determine the reconstructed physical structure. RESULTS: When assuming an homogeneous medium the physical parameters, integrated along the line of sight, do not represent the average of the true values, and do not have a clear physical interpretation. We show that when some information is available on the emissivity profile across the jet, it is then possible to obtain appropriate derivations of the electron density, temperature and ionisation fraction.
Stereoscopic Polar Plume Reconstructions from Stereo/Secchi Images
Feng, L; Solanki, S K; Wilhelm, K; Wiegelmann, T; Podlipnik, B; Howard, R A; Plunkett, S P; Wuelser, J P; Gan, W Q; 10.1088/0004-637X/700/1/292
2009-01-01
We present stereoscopic reconstructions of the location and inclination of polar plumes of two data sets based on the two simultaneously recorded images taken by the EUVI telescopes in the SECCHI instrument package onboard the \\emph{STEREO (Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory)} spacecraft. The ten plumes investigated show a superradial expansion in the coronal hole in 3D which is consistent with the 2D results. Their deviations from the local meridian planes are rather small with an average of $6.47^{\\circ}$. By comparing the reconstructed plumes with a dipole field with its axis along the solar rotation axis, it is found that plumes are inclined more horizontally than the dipole field. The lower the latitude is, the larger is the deviation from the dipole field. The relationship between plumes and bright points has been investigated and they are not always associated. For the first data set, based on the 3D height of plumes and the electron density derived from SUMER/\\emph{SOHO} Si {\\sc viii} line pair, ...
Nonparametric reconstruction of the dark energy equation of state
Heitmann, Katrin; Holsclaw, Tracy; Alam, Ujjaini; Habib, Salman; Higdon, David; Sanso, Bruno; Lee, Herbie
2009-01-01
The major aim of ongoing and upcoming cosmological surveys is to unravel the nature of dark energy. In the absence of a compelling theory to test, a natural approach is to first attempt to characterize the nature of dark energy in detail, the hope being that this will lead to clues about the underlying fundamental theory. A major target in this characterization is the determination of the dynamical properties of the dark energy equation of state w. The discovery of a time variation in w(z) could then lead to insights about the dynamical origin of dark energy. This approach requires a robust and bias-free method for reconstructing w(z) from data, which does not rely on restrictive expansion schemes or assumed functional forms for w(z). We present a new non parametric reconstruction method for the dark energy equation of state based on Gaussian Process models. This method reliably captures nontrivial behavior of w(z) and provides controlled error bounds. We demollstrate the power of the method on different sets of simulated supernova data. The GP model approach is very easily extended to include diverse cosmological probes.
Reconstruction of Helio-latitudinal Structure of the Solar Wind Proton Speed and Density
Sokó?, Justyna M; Bzowski, Maciej; Tokumaru, Munetoshi
2015-01-01
The modeling of the heliosphere requires continuous three-dimensional solar wind data. The in-situ out-of-ecliptic measurements are very rare, so that other methods of solar wind detection are needed. We use the remote sensing data of the solar wind speed from observations of interplanetary scintillation (IPS) to reconstruct spatial and temporal structures of the solar wind proton speed from 1985 to 2013. We developed a method of filling the data gaps in the IPS observations to obtain continuous and homogeneous solar wind speed records. We also present a method to retrieve the solar wind density from the solar wind speed, utilizing the invariance of the solar wind dynamic pressure and energy flux with latitude. To construct the synoptic maps of solar wind speed we use the decomposition into spherical harmonics of each of the Carrington rotation map. To fill the gaps in time we apply the singular spectrum analysis to the time series of the coefficients of spherical harmonics. We obtained helio-latitudinal prof...
Volumetric quantification of lung nodules in CT with iterative reconstruction (ASiR and MBIR)
Chen, Baiyu [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)] [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Barnhart, Huiman [Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)] [Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Richard, Samuel [Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)] [Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Robins, Marthony [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)] [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Colsher, James [Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)] [Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Samei, Ehsan [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States) [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Physics, Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)
2013-11-15
Purpose: Volume quantifications of lung nodules with multidetector computed tomography (CT) images provide useful information for monitoring nodule developments. The accuracy and precision of the volume quantification, however, can be impacted by imaging and reconstruction parameters. This study aimed to investigate the impact of iterative reconstruction algorithms on the accuracy and precision of volume quantification with dose and slice thickness as additional variables.Methods: Repeated CT images were acquired from an anthropomorphic chest phantom with synthetic nodules (9.5 and 4.8 mm) at six dose levels, and reconstructed with three reconstruction algorithms [filtered backprojection (FBP), adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR), and model based iterative reconstruction (MBIR)] into three slice thicknesses. The nodule volumes were measured with two clinical software (A: Lung VCAR, B: iNtuition), and analyzed for accuracy and precision.Results: Precision was found to be generally comparable between FBP and iterative reconstruction with no statistically significant difference noted for different dose levels, slice thickness, and segmentation software. Accuracy was found to be more variable. For large nodules, the accuracy was significantly different between ASiR and FBP for all slice thicknesses with both software, and significantly different between MBIR and FBP for 0.625 mm slice thickness with Software A and for all slice thicknesses with Software B. For small nodules, the accuracy was more similar between FBP and iterative reconstruction, with the exception of ASIR vs FBP at 1.25 mm with Software A and MBIR vs FBP at 0.625 mm with Software A.Conclusions: The systematic difference between the accuracy of FBP and iterative reconstructions highlights the importance of extending current segmentation software to accommodate the image characteristics of iterative reconstructions. In addition, a calibration process may help reduce the dependency of accuracy on reconstruction algorithms, such that volumes quantified from scans of different reconstruction algorithms can be compared. The little difference found between the precision of FBP and iterative reconstructions could be a result of both iterative reconstruction's diminished noise reduction at the edge of the nodules as well as the loss of resolution at high noise levels with iterative reconstruction. The findings do not rule out potential advantage of IR that might be evident in a study that uses a larger number of nodules or repeated scans.
Roadmap: Applied Engineering Applied Engineering and Technology Management Bachelor of Science
Sheridan, Scott
Roadmap: Applied Engineering Applied Engineering and Technology Management Bachelor of Science2013 Page 1 of 2 | Last Updated: 21-May-12/JS This roadmap is a recommended semester-by-semester plan TECH 43550 Computer-Aided Manufacturing 3 General Elective 6 #12;Roadmap: Applied Engineering
A Model-Based Iterative Algorithm for Dual-Energy X-Ray CT Reconstruction
A Model-Based Iterative Algorithm for Dual-Energy X-Ray CT Reconstruction Ruoqiao Zhang, Jean, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Recent developments in dual-energy X-ray CT have shown a number of benefits the opportunity to reduce noise and artifacts in dual energy reconstructions. However, previous approaches
Fourier-Based Forward and Back-Projectors for Iterative Image Reconstruction
Fessler, Jeffrey A.
Fourier-Based Forward and Back-Projectors for Iterative Image Reconstruction Samuel Matej, Jeffrey. Fourier-Based Projectors B. Non-Uniform Fast Fourier Transform C. Fourier-Based Iterative Reconstruction D. Fourier-based forward and back-projection methods have the potential to considerably reduce
Schneider, Kai
Tomographic reconstruction of tokamak plasma light emission from single image using wavelet.1088/0029-5515/52/1/013005 Tomographic reconstruction of tokamak plasma light emission from single image using wavelet.iop.org/NF/52/013005 Abstract Images acquired by cameras installed in tokamaks are difficult to interpret
Muon Energy Reconstruction Through the Multiple Scattering Method in the NO$\\mathrm{\
Psihas Olmedo, Silvia Fernanda
2015-01-01
Neutrino energy measurements are a crucial component in the experimental study of neutrino oscillations. These measurements are done through the reconstruction of neutrino interactions and energy measurements of their products. This thesis presents the development of a technique to reconstruct the energy of muons from neutrino interactions in the NO$\\mathrm{\
Mark Agranovsky; Peter Kuchment
2007-06-05
The paper contains a simple approach to reconstruction in Thermoacoustic and Photoacoustic Tomography. The technique works for any geometry of point detectors placement and for variable sound speed satisfying a non-trapping condition. A uniqueness of reconstruction result is also obtained.
Agranovsky, Mark
2007-01-01
The paper contains a simple approach to reconstruction in Thermoacoustic and Photoacoustic Tomography. The technique works for any geometry of point detectors placement and for variable sound speed satisfying a non-trapping condition. A uniqueness of reconstruction result is also obtained.
Vessel and Aneurysm Reconstruction using Speed and Flow Coherence Information in
Chung, Albert C. S.
Vessel and Aneurysm Reconstruction using Speed and Flow Coherence Information in Phase Contrast-MRA) is a non-invasive method for 3D vessel delineation, which for each voxel not only provides measurement the form of phase images). In this thesis, we present a new approach to reconstructing vessels
Reconstruction of Missing Data in Social Networks Based on Temporal Patterns of Interactions
Bertozzi, Andrea L.
Reconstruction of Missing Data in Social Networks Based on Temporal Patterns of Interactions Alexey events in the future. Such event #12;Reconstruction of Missing Data Based on Temporal Patterns 2 the missing data about the participants based on the behavioral model. t t t Figure 2. Graphical
4D Computed Tomography Reconstruction from Few-Projection Data via Temporal Non-local
Zakharov, Vladimir
4D Computed Tomography Reconstruction from Few-Projection Data via Temporal Non, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1555, USA 3 Department of Mathematics be reconstructed simultaneously based on extremely under-sampled x-ray projections. Our algorithm is validated
Reconstruction of Missing Data in Social Networks Based on Temporal Patterns of Interactions
Soatto, Stefano
Reconstruction of Missing Data in Social Networks Based on Temporal Patterns of Interactions Alexey events in the future. Such event #12;Reconstruction of Missing Data Based on Temporal Patterns 2 Angeles E-mail: alexey@math.ucla.edu, mbshort@math.ucla.edu, bertozzi@math.ucla.edu Abstract. We discuss
Title of dissertation: MOTION RECONSTRUCTION OF ANIMAL GROUPS: FROM SCHOOLING FISH
Shapiro, Benjamin
ABSTRACT Title of dissertation: MOTION RECONSTRUCTION OF ANIMAL GROUPS: FROM SCHOOLING FISH aequipinnatus, a common species of schooling fish, and Anopheles gambiae, the most important vector of malaria, density, and movement. For tracking fish, we automatically initialize, predict, and reconstruct shape
SNOWPACK RECONSTRUCTIONS INCORPORATING CLIMATE IN THE UPPER GREEN RIVER BASIN (WYOMING)
Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.
. In the 1976 report, two headwaters gage reconstructions were completed for the Green River at Warren BridgeSNOWPACK RECONSTRUCTIONS INCORPORATING CLIMATE IN THE UPPER GREEN RIVER BASIN (WYOMING) SALLYROSE of Sustainability and Multidisciplinary Research, Las Vegas, NV 89054 USA ABSTRACT The Green River is the largest
Biasutti, Michela
Surface temperature trends in Russia over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole in Russia and nearby areas to reconstruct the ground surface temperature history (GSTH) over the past five centuries. The data are drawn principally from three regions: the Urals, southwest Siberia, and northeast
Minimal Conflicting Sets for the Consecutive Ones Property in ancestral genome reconstruction
Stephen, Tamon
Minimal Conflicting Sets for the Consecutive Ones Property in ancestral genome reconstruction has the C1P. Such submatrices have been considered in comparative genomics applications, but very function. We use these methods on simulated data related to ancestral genome reconstruction to show
Minimal Conflicting Sets for the Consecutive Ones Property in Ancestral Genome Reconstruction
Chauve, Cedric
Minimal Conflicting Sets for the Consecutive Ones Property in Ancestral Genome Reconstruction has the C1P. Such submatrices have been considered in comparative genomics applications, but very function. We use these methods on simulated data related to ancestral genome reconstruction to show
A Methodological Framework for the Reconstruction of Contiguous Regions of Ancestral Genomes and Its
Chauve, Cedric
A Methodological Framework for the Reconstruction of Contiguous Regions of Ancestral Genomes and Its Application to Mammalian Genomes Cedric Chauve1 , Eric Tannier2,3,4,5 * 1 Department Biologie EÂ´volutive, CNRS, UMR5558, Villeurbanne, France Abstract The reconstruction of ancestral genome
CENOZOIC PLATE TECTONICS OF SE ASIA 11 Cenozoic plate tectonic reconstructions of SE Asia
Royal Holloway, University of London
for the Tertiary is proposed, based on the integration of new palaeomagnetic data from east Indonesia recording the development of sedi- mentary basins, and the distribution of petro-leum resources. Reconstructions palaeomagnetic data from east Indonesia (Ali & Hall 1995; Hall et al. 1995a, b) permit reconstructions
Multi-Material Decomposition Using Statistical Image Reconstruction in X-Ray CT
Fessler, Jeffrey A.
propose a penalized- likelihood (PL) method with edge-preserving regularizers for each material image reconstruction I. INTRODUCTION Dual-energy (DE) CT reconstruction methods typically re- construct. It obtains a dual-material-density pair through projection-based decomposition approach from DECT
Three dimensional reconstruction of aerogels from TEM images Florence Despetis1,2
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Three dimensional reconstruction of aerogels from TEM images Florence Despetis1,2 ,Nadjette to compute their physical properties. We focus here on base catalyzed and colloidal silica aerogels, which are fractal materials and we use an original method for the reconstruction of these aerogels from TEM images
NEURAL PCA NETWORK FOR LUNG OUTLINE RECONSTRUCTION IN VQ SCAN IMAGES
Serpen, Gursel
NEURAL PCA NETWORK FOR LUNG OUTLINE RECONSTRUCTION IN VQ SCAN IMAGES G. Serpen1 , Ph. D., R. Iyer1 system takes the digitized ventilation-perfusion scan images of lungs as input, identify a template according to the size and shape of the lungs and thereby approximate and reconstruct the outline of the lung
Choice of reconstructed tissue properties affects interpretation of lung EIT images
Adler, Andy
Choice of reconstructed tissue properties affects interpretation of lung EIT images Bartlomiej patients. In lung EIT, the EIT inverse problem is commonly linearised and only changes in electrical properties of the lung and artefacts introduced by the linearisation. #12;Choice of reconstructed tissue
Level Set based Reconstruction Algorithm for EIT Lung Images: First Clinical Results
Adler, Andy
Level Set based Reconstruction Algorithm for EIT Lung Images: First Clinical Results Peyman Rahmati of a slow flow inflation pressure-volume manoeuvre in lung healthy and adult lung injury patients. Images conductivity changes in the distribution of lung ventilation using the level set based reconstruction method. 1
GREIT: a unified approach to 2D linear EIT reconstruction of lung images
Adler, Andy
GREIT: a unified approach to 2D linear EIT reconstruction of lung images Andy Adler1 , John H the distribution of ventilation. However, most clinical and physiological research in lung EIT is done using older algorithm for lung EIT, called GREIT (Graz consensus Reconstruction algorithm for EIT). This paper describes
Supplemental Material for "Efficient MR Image Reconstruction for Compressed MR Imaging"
Huang, Junzhou
D MR images: cardiac, brain, chest and artery respectively. Figure 1, 2, 3 and 4 shows the visual complexity. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Fig. 1. Cardiac MR image reconstruction from 20% sampling (a) OriginalSupplemental Material for "Efficient MR Image Reconstruction for Compressed MR Imaging" Paper ID
IMPROVING FMRI ANALYSIS AND MR RECONSTRUCTION WITH THE INCORPORATION OF MR RELAXIVITIES AND
Rowe, Daniel B.
IMPROVING FMRI ANALYSIS AND MR RECONSTRUCTION WITH THE INCORPORATION OF MR RELAXIVITIES of Philosophy Milwaukee, Wisconsin August 2014 #12;i ABSTRACT IMPROVING FMRI ANALYSIS AND MR RECONSTRUCTION WITH THE INCORPORATION OF MR RELAXIVITIES AND CORRELATION EFFECT EXAMINATION M. Muge Karaman Marquette University
RECONSTRUCTING THE HISTORICAL FREQUENCY OF FIRE: A MODELING APPROACH TO DEVELOPING AND TESTING Report No.: 225 Title of Research Project: Reconstructing The Historical Frequency Of Fire: A Modeling J. Fall iii Abstract Fire is a prevalent natural disturbance in most of British Columbia's forest
Kazhdan, Michael
Hierarchical Volumetric Multi-view Stereo Reconstruction of Manifold Surfaces based on Dual Graph://www.rwth-graphics.de Abstract This paper presents a new volumetric stereo algorithm to reconstruct the 3D shape of an arbitrary into the volumetric grid, which establishes a well defined relationship between the integrated photo
apply to program Energy audit and
, the country has the potential to improve the energy performance of one third of its building stock's demand for fossil fuel imports. Improving energy! SAV ING S! Homeowners apply to program Energy audit and retrofit plan Financing though grants
15.075 Applied Statistics, Spring 2003
Newton, Elizabeth
This course is an introduction to applied statistics and data analysis. Topics include collecting and exploring data, basic inference, simple and multiple linear regression, analysis of variance, nonparametric methods, and ...
MSc Applied Mathematics Stochastic Operations Research
Boucherie, Richard J.
MSc Applied Mathematics Stochastic Operations Research Richard Boucherie #12;20150106Stochastic Operations Research #12;Stochastic Operations Research: Team http://www.utwente.nl/ewi/sor/staff/ 20150106Stochastic Operations Research #12;Operations Research: The World http
Applying Ethical Principles to Information and Communication
California at San Diego, University of
Applying Ethical Principles to Information and Communication Technology Research A Companion Clayman, DHS Science & Technology · John Heidemann, University of California, ISI · Douglas Maughan, DHS Science & Technology · Jenny McNeill, SRI International · Peter Neumann, SRI International · Charlotte
Fluid Bed Combustion Applied to Industrial Waste
Mullen, J. F.; Sneyd, R. J.
1985-01-01
Because of its unique ability to handle a wide variety of liquids and solids in an energy efficient and environmentally acceptable manner, fluid bed combustion is being increasingly applied to the utilization of waste materials and low grade fuels...
A. La Rosa Lecture Notes APPLIED OPTICS
light energy is transmitted from one point to another in an optical system. 2. Classical theoryA. La Rosa Lecture Notes APPLIED OPTICS ________________________________________________________________________ 11.1 Optics in different regimes The electromagnetic spectrum From: http
Applied Fluid Mechanics I) Course goals
Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"
design. #12;2 Textbook " Applied Fluid Mechanics" by Robert L. Mott, Sixth Edition in SI unit 1 Exam 30 Final Exam 30 (Total of 100) (30%)(&10%) () PDF lecture notes if any can be downloaded from
Higher-order gravitational lensing reconstruction using Feynman diagrams
Jenkins, Elizabeth E.; Manohar, Aneesh V.; Yadav, Amit P.S.; Waalewijn, Wouter J. E-mail: amanohar@ucsd.edu E-mail: ayadav@physics.ucsd.edu
2014-09-01
We develop a method for calculating the correlation structure of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) using Feynman diagrams, when the CMB has been modified by gravitational lensing, Faraday rotation, patchy reionization, or other distorting effects. This method is used to calculate the bias of the Hu-Okamoto quadratic estimator in reconstructing the lensing power spectrum up to O (?{sup 4}) in the lensing potential ?. We consider both the diagonal noise TT TT, EB EB, etc. and, for the first time, the off-diagonal noise TT TE, TB EB, etc. The previously noted large O (?{sup 4}) term in the second order noise is identified to come from a particular class of diagrams. It can be significantly reduced by a reorganization of the ? expansion. These improved estimators have almost no bias for the off-diagonal case involving only one B component of the CMB, such as EE EB.
What's inside the cone? Numerically reconstructing the metric from observations
Bester, H.L.; Larena, J.; Van der Walt, P.J.; Bishop, N.T., E-mail: g07b1135@campus.ru.ac.za, E-mail: j.larena@ru.ac.za, E-mail: p.vanderwalt@ru.ac.za, E-mail: n.bishop@ru.ac.za [Department of Mathematics, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, 6140 South Africa (South Africa)
2014-02-01
We investigate the possibility of using Gaussian process regression to smooth data on the current past null-cone for use as the input to a relativistic integration scheme. The algorithm we present is designed to reconstruct the metric of spacetime within the class of spherically symmetric dust universes, with or without a cosmological constant. Assuming that gravity is well described by General Relativity, we demonstrate how the algorithm can be employed to test the Copernican principle based on currently available observations. It is shown that currently available data is not sufficient for a conclusive result. The intrinsic noise present in realistic data presents a challenge for our smoothing algorithm and we discuss some of its limitations as well as possible extensions to it. We conclude by demonstrating how a direct determination of the cosmological constant is possible using redshift drift data.
Systemic risk analysis in reconstructed economic and financial networks
Cimini, Giulio; Gabrielli, Andrea; Garlaschelli, Diego
2014-01-01
The assessment of fundamental properties for economic and financial systems, such as systemic risk, is systematically hindered by privacy issues$-$that put severe limitations on the available information. Here we introduce a novel method to reconstruct partially-accessible networked systems of this kind. The method is based on the knowledge of the fitnesses, $i.e.$, intrinsic node-specific properties, and of the number of connections of only a limited subset of nodes. Such information is used to calibrate a directed configuration model which can generate ensembles of networks intended to represent the real system, so that the real network properties can be estimated within the generated ensemble in terms of mean values of the observables. Here we focus on estimating those properties that are commonly used to measure the network resilience to shock and crashes. Tests on both artificial and empirical networks shows that the method is remarkably robust with respect to the limitedness of the information available...
Orbital reconstruction in a self-assembled oxygen vacancy nanostructure
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Jang, H.; Kerr, G.; Lim, J. S.; Yang, C. -H.; Kao, C. -C.; Lee, J. -S.
2015-07-27
We demonstrate the microscopic role of oxygen vacancies spatially confined within nanometer inter-spacing (about 1nm) in BiFeO?, using resonant soft X-ray scattering techniques and soft X-ray spectroscopy measurements. Such vacancy confinements and total number of vacancy are controlled by substitution of Ca²? for Bi³? cation. We found that by increasing the substitution, the in-plane orbital bands of Fe³? cations are reconstructed without any redox reaction. It leads to a reduction of the hopping between Fe atoms, forming a localized valence band, in particular Fe 3d-electronic structure, around the Fermi level. This band localization causes to decrease the conductivity of themore »doped BiFeO? system.« less
Estimation of food consumption. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project
Callaway, J.M. Jr.
1992-04-01
The research reported in this document was conducted as a part of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The objective of the HEDR Project is to estimate the radiation doses that people could have received from operations at the Hanford Site. Information required to estimate these doses includes estimates of the amounts of potentially contaminated foods that individuals in the region consumed during the study period. In that general framework, the objective of the Food Consumption Task was to develop a capability to provide information about the parameters of the distribution(s) of daily food consumption for representative groups in the population for selected years during the study period. This report describes the methods and data used to estimate food consumption and presents the results developed for Phase I of the HEDR Project.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Ankowski, Artur M.; Benhar, Omar; Coloma, Pilar; Huber, Patrick; Jen, Chun -Min; Mariani, Camillo; Meloni, Davide; Vagnoni, Erica
2015-10-22
To be able to achieve their physics goals, future neutrino-oscillation experiments will need to reconstruct the neutrino energy with very high accuracy. In this work, we analyze how the energy reconstruction may be affected by realistic detection capabilities, such as energy resolutions, efficiencies, and thresholds. This allows us to estimate how well the detector performance needs to be determined a priori in order to avoid a sizable bias in the measurement of the relevant oscillation parameters. We compare the kinematic and calorimetric methods of energy reconstruction in the context of two ?? ? ?? disappearance experiments operating in different energymore »regimes. For the calorimetric reconstruction method, we find that the detector performance has to be estimated with an O(10%) accuracy to avoid a significant bias in the extracted oscillation parameters. Thus, in the case of kinematic energy reconstruction, we observe that the results exhibit less sensitivity to an overestimation of the detector capabilities.« less
ATLAS strategy for primary vertex reconstruction during Run-II of the LHC
ATLAS Collaboration; The ATLAS collaboration
2015-01-01
Based on experience gained from run-I of the LHC, the ATLAS vertex reconstruction group has developed a refined primary vertex reconstruction strategy for run-II. With instantaneous luminosity exceeding 10^34 cm-2 s-1, an average of 40 to 50 pp collisions per bunch crossing are expected. Together with the increase of the center-of-mass collision energy from 8 TeV to 13 TeV, this will create a challenging environment for primary vertex pattern recognition. This contribution explains the ATLAS strategy for primary vertex reconstruction in high pile-up conditions. The new approach is based on vertex seeding with a medical-imaging algorithm, adaptive reconstruction of vertex positions, and iterative recombination of occasional split vertices. The mathematical foundation and software implementation of the method are described in detail. Monte Carlo-based estimates of vertex reconstruction performance for LHC run-II are presented.
An automated framework for hierarchical reconstruction of B mesons at the Belle II experiment
Christian Pulvermacher; Thomas Keck; Michael Feindt; Martin Heck; Thomas Kuhr
2014-12-15
We present a software framework for Belle II that reconstructs B mesons in many decay modes with minimal user intervention. It does so by reconstructing particles in user-supplied decay channels, and then in turn using these reconstructed particles in higher-level decays. This hierarchical reconstruction allows one to cover a relatively high fraction of all B decays by specifying a limited number of particle decays. Multivariate classification methods are used to achieve a high signal-to-background ratio in each individual channel. The entire reconstruction, including the application of pre-cuts and classifier trainings, is automated to a high degree and will allow users to retrain to account for analysis-specific signal-side selections.
Ankowski, Artur M; Coloma, Pilar; Huber, Patrick; Jen, Chun-Min; Mariani, Camillo; Meloni, Davide; Vagnoni, Erica
2015-01-01
To be able to achieve their physics goals, future neutrino-oscillation experiments will need to reconstruct the neutrino energy with very high accuracy. In this work, we analyze how the energy reconstruction may be affected by realistic detection capabilities, such as energy resolutions, efficiencies, and thresholds. This allows us to estimate how well the detector performance needs to be determined a priori in order to avoid a sizable bias in the measurement of the relevant oscillation parameters. We compare the kinematic and calorimetric methods of energy reconstruction in the context of two muon-neutrino disappearance experiments operating in different energy regimes. For the calorimetric reconstruction method, we find that the detector performance has to be estimated with a ~10% accuracy to avoid a significant bias in the extracted oscillation parameters. On the other hand, in the case of kinematic energy reconstruction, we observe that the results exhibit less sensitivity to an overestimation of the dete...
Wang, Lihong
for Thermoacoustic Tomography in a Spherical Geometry Minghua Xu and Lihong V. Wang* Abstract--Reconstruction-based microwave-induced thermoa- coustic tomography in a spherical configuration is presented. Thermoacoustic. Index Terms--Microwave, reconstruction, thermoacoustic, tomography. I. INTRODUCTION PULSED
Microwave-induced thermoacoustic tomography: reconstruction by synthetic aperture
Feng, Dazi
2001-01-01
We have applied the synthetic-aperture method to linear-scanning microwave-induced thermoacoustic tomography in biological tissues. A non-focused ultrasonic transducer was used to receive thermoacoustic signals, to which the delay-and-sum algorithm...
InterImage Statistics for Scene Reconstruction Luz A. TorresMendez, Gregory Dudek and Paul Di Marco
Dudek, Gregory
InterÂImage Statistics for Scene Reconstruction Luz A. TorresÂMâ??endez, Gregory Dudek and Paul Di