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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FE0010120 University of New Hampshire FE Integrated Ocean Drilling Program SCNGO FY 2012 1012012 - 9302013 John Terneus College Station, TX Reconstructing Paleo-SMT Positions...

2

CX-009287: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination Reconstructing Paleo-SMT Positions on the Cascadia Margin Using Magnetic Susceptibility CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 09072012 Location(s): New...

3

CX-009291: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Reconstructing Paleo-SMT Positions on the Cascadia Margin Using Magnetic Susceptibility CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/07/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

4

Explicit reconstruction of line-currents and their positions in a two-dimensional parallel conductor structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnetic inverse source problem of reconstructing the positions and currents of very long parallel conductors is considered in a two-dimensional situation, with applications to power line measurements. The input data is the magnetic field on a contour surrounding the conductors to be reconstructed. Using a scalar-vector Green identity, an explicit reconstruction algorithm is derived. The numerical implementation of the algorithm is described and simulation results are presented, demonstrating the influences from numerical errors and uncertainties in measurement data. The algorithm can handle an arbitrary number of conductors, but stability problems associated with the illposedness accelerate with increasing number of conductors. Mathematically, the Green identity approach removes the influence of external disturbances and thus have potential usefulness in current reconstruction for determining optimal sensor positions and how to process measurement data.

Martin Norgren

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

5

Position Reconstruction in Scintillation Detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

noble gas detector, the scintillator time dispersion is very broad due to the amount of internal to some basic properties of the detector: the linear dimension, the time dispersion of the photon emission.2.2 Scintillator dispersion time at the emission point The first non-trivial factor in the expression

6

Reconstructing Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: Reconstructing Conservation By Ben Minteer andEds. ). Reconstructing Conservation. Washington, DC: Islandabout the nature of conservation, and for U.S. scholars in

Hamilton-Smith, Elery

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Reconstructing formulas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-year study of commercial laundry liquids in Western Europe and the United States traces the evolution of surfactant systems. Reconstructing formulas Inform Magazine Inform Archives Surfactants and Detergents A three-year study of commerci

8

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects - Reconstructing Paleo...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to track diagenetic changes that are associated with the anaerobic oxidation of methane. To achieve this goal, this project aims to (1) reconstruct the paleo-positions of...

9

CDIAC Climate Reconstruction Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Reconstructions CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Climate Reconstruction Data Data Set Name Investigators Data TypeFormat Period of Record Historic isotopic temperature...

10

Molecular Phylogeny Reconstruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Phylogeny Reconstruction Sudhir Kumar, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA Alan Filipski, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA Molecular phylogenetics deals with the inference molecular data. By modelling patterns of molecular change in protein and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA

Kumar, Sudhir

11

Reconstruction algorithms for MRI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation presents image reconstruction algorithms for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) that aims to increase the imaging efficiency. Algorithms that reduce imaging time without sacrificing the image quality and ...

Bilgic?, Berkin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Overview of image reconstruction  

SciTech Connect

Image reconstruction (or computerized tomography, etc.) is any process whereby a function, f, on R/sup n/ is estimated from empirical data pertaining to its integrals, ..integral..f(x) dx, for some collection of hyperplanes of dimension k < n. The paper begins with background information on how image reconstruction problems have arisen in practice, and describes some of the application areas of past or current interest; these include radioastronomy, optics, radiology and nuclear medicine, electron microscopy, acoustical imaging, geophysical tomography, nondestructive testing, and NMR zeugmatography. Then the various reconstruction algorithms are discussed in five classes: summation, or simple back-projection; convolution, or filtered back-projection; Fourier and other functional transforms; orthogonal function series expansion; and iterative methods. Certain more technical mathematical aspects of image reconstruction are considered from the standpoint of uniqueness, consistency, and stability of solution. The paper concludes by presenting certain open problems. 73 references. (RWR)

Marr, R.B.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Reconstructing the world's museums  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photorealistic maps are a useful navigational guide for large indoor environments, such as museums and businesses. However, it is impossible to acquire photographs covering a large indoor environment from aerial viewpoints. This paper presents a 3D reconstruction ...

Jianxiong Xiao; Yasutaka Furukawa

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Positive design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article is focused on the changes needed in design to create positive solutions for all involved in design processes. It draws upon the rich discussion and discourse from a conference focused on positive design involving managers, designers, and ...

Jurgen Faust

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Writing a Position Reconstruction Code for the CTF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aquifer (Canada) and Cope Cod aquifer (Massachusetts, USA) where extensive measure- ments have been with numerous lenses of coarse-to-silty fine-grained sand. The Cope Cod aquifer is composed of coarse

16

Sparse Shape Reconstruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new shape-based image reconstruction technique applicable to a large class of imaging problems formulated in a variational sense. Given a collection of shape priors (a shape dictionary), we define our problem as choosing the right elements and geometrically composing them through basic set operations to characterize desired regions in the image. This combinatorial problem can be relaxed and then solved using classical descent methods. The main component of this relaxation is forming certain compactly supported functions which we call "knolls", and reformulating the shape representation as a basis expansion in terms of such functions. To select suitable elements of the dictionary, our problem ultimately reduces to solving a nonlinear program with sparsity constraints. We provide a new sparse nonlinear reconstruction technique to approach this problem. The performance of proposed technique is demonstrated with some standard imaging problems including image segmentation, X-ray tomography and diffusive tomography.

Alireza Aghasi; Justin Romberg

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

17

POSITIONING DEVICE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positioner is described for a vertical reactor-control rod. The positioner comprises four grooved friction rotatable members that engage the control rod on all sides and shift it longitudinally. The four friction members are drivingly interconnected for conjoint rotation and comprise two pairs of coaxial members. The members of each pair are urged toward one another by hydraulic or pneumatic pressure and thus grip the control rod so as to hold it in any position or adjust it. Release of the by-draulic or pneumatic pressure permits springs between the friction members of each pair to force them apart, whereby the control rod moves quickly by gravity into the reactor.

Wall, R.R.; Peterson, D.L.

1959-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

Positioning apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for precisely positioning materials test specimens within the optimum neutron flux path emerging from a neutron source located in a housing. The test specimens are retained in a holder mounted on the free end of a support pivotably mounted and suspended from a movable base plate. The support is gravity biased to urge the holder in a direction longitudinally of the flux path against the housing. Means are provided for moving the base plate in two directions to effect movement of the holder in two mutually perpendicular directions normal to the axis of the flux path.

Vogel, Max A. (Kennewick, WA); Alter, Paul (Richland, WA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Positioning apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus is provided for precisely adjusting the position of an article relative to a beam emerging from a neutron source disposed in a housing. The apparatus includes a support pivotably mounted on a movable base plate and freely suspended therefrom. The support is gravity biased toward the housing and carries an article holder movable in a first direction longitudinally of the axis of said beam and normally urged into engagement against said housing. Means are provided for moving the base plate in two directions to effect movement of the suspended holder in two mutually perpendicular directions, respectively, normal to the axis of the beam.

Vogel, M.A.; Alter, P.

1983-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

20

Metrological digital audio reconstruction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Audio information stored in the undulations of grooves in a medium such as a phonograph record may be reconstructed, with little or no contact, by measuring the groove shape using precision metrology methods coupled with digital image processing and numerical analysis. The effects of damage, wear, and contamination may be compensated, in many cases, through image processing and analysis methods. The speed and data handling capacity of available computing hardware make this approach practical. Two examples used a general purpose optical metrology system to study a 50 year old 78 r.p.m. phonograph record and a commercial confocal scanning probe to study a 1920's celluloid Edison cylinder. Comparisons are presented with stylus playback of the samples and with a digitally re-mastered version of an original magnetic recording. There is also a more extensive implementation of this approach, with dedicated hardware and software.

Fadeyev; Vitaliy (Berkeley, CA), Haber; Carl (Berkeley, CA)

2004-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

National reconstruction information management system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

National Reconstruction Information Management System (NARIMS) is a revolutionary concept designed and developed by the National Reconstruction Bureau, Government of Pakistan, to work as an aid in support of the Local Governments under the Devolution ... Keywords: administration, asset management, community development, decision support, e-governance, financial, geographical information system, human resource management, information management system, local government, monitoring, performance evaluation

Daniyal Aziz; Syed Adnan Shah; Deeba Gilani

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Accurate accident reconstruction in VANET  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a forensic VANET application to aid an accurate accident reconstruction. Our application provides a new source of objective real-time data impossible to collect using existing methods. By leveraging inter-vehicle communications, we compile ... Keywords: EDR, VANET, accident reconstruction, in-vehicle applications

Yuliya Kopylova; Csilla Farkas; Wenyuan Xu

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Neural Network Based Approaches, Solving Haplotype Reconstruction in MEC and MEC/GI Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) are different variant positions (1% of DNA sequence) of human genomes which their mutation is associated with complex genetic diseases. As a consequence, obtaining all SNPs from human populations is one of the primary ... Keywords: Bioinformatics, biology and genomics, haplotype reconstruction, SNP fragments, clustering, genotype information, haplotype, reconstruction rate, unsupervised neural network

M-Hossein Moeinzadeh; Ehsan Asgarian; Sara Sharifian-R; Amir Najafi-Ardabili; Javad Mohammadzadeh

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Fan-beam Reconstruction Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a previous paper a technique was developed for finding reconstruction algorithms for arbitrary ray-sampling schemes. The resulting algorithms use a general linear operator, the kernel of which depends on the details ...

Horn, Berthold K.P.

1977-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Free energy reconstruction from irreversible single- molecule pulling experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure IV.2: Free Energy Reconstruction using IrreversibleIV Springs and Speeds in Free Energy Reconstruction fromA. Free Energy Reconstruction from Biased Experiments (

Minh, David

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Avoiding local optima in single particle reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In single-particle reconstruction, a 3D structure is reconstructed from a large number of randomly oriented 2D projections, using techniques related to computed tomography. Unlike in computed tomography, however, the orientations of the projections must ...

Marshall Bern; Jindong Chen; Hao Chi Wong

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

PRSS to aid palaeocontinental reconstructions simulation research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The palaeocontinental reconstructions have been a hot issue in global tectonics and geodynamics research. In addition, the development of computers promises new methods and means for quantitative analysis of the palaeocontinental reconstructions. Therefore, ... Keywords: Euler's theorem, Palaeomagnetism, Spherical geometric theorem

Liang Feng, Chen Jianpingb, Yu Miaob, Gong Fuxiub, Yu Pingping, Tian Huib

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Improved Reconstruction of Global Precipitation since 1900  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improved land–ocean global monthly precipitation anomaly reconstruction is developed for the period beginning in 1900. Reconstructions use the available historical data and statistics developed from the modern satellite-sampled period to ...

Thomas M. Smith; Phillip A. Arkin; Li Ren; Samuel S. P. Shen

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms; environmental transport environmental monitoring data; demographics, agriculture, food habits; environmental pathways and dose estimates.

Finch, S.M.; McMakin, A.H. (comps.)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is being managed and conducted by the Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories under contract with the Centers for Disease Control. The independent Technical Steering Panel (TSP) provides technical direction. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): source terms; environmental transport; environmental monitoring data; demography, food consumption, and agriculture; environmental pathways and dose estimates.

Finch, S.M.; McMakin, A.H. (comps.)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Reconstruction of CT Images from Parsimonious Angular ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

internal human organs in a non-invasive manner. Any CT scan ...... Relative reconstruction error results for CT data without measurement error types of noisy CT ...

32

Maximal Quotient Rational Reconstruction - CECM - Simon Fraser ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that can be reconstructed is growing at an equal rate. Example: Running .... used in this range because the timings increase consistently by a factor of 3 as the ...

33

Kicked rotor quantum resonances in position space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an approach of the kicked rotor quantum resonances in position-space, based on its analogy with the optical Talbot effect. This approach leads to a very simple picture of the physical mechanism underlying the dynamics and to analytical expressions for relevant physical quantities, such as mean momentum or kinetic energy. The ballistic behavior, which is closely associated to quantum resonances, is analyzed and shown to emerge from a coherent adding of successive kicks applied to the rotor thanks to a periodic reconstruction of the spatial wavepacket.

Maxence Lepers; Véronique Zehnlé; Jean Claude Garreau

2007-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

34

Kicked rotor quantum resonances in position space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an approach of the kicked rotor quantum resonances in position-space, based on its analogy with the optical Talbot effect. This approach leads to a very simple picture of the physical mechanism underlying the dynamics and to analytical expressions for relevant physical quantities, such as mean momentum or kinetic energy. The ballistic behavior, which is closely associated to quantum resonances, is analyzed and shown to emerge from a coherent adding of successive kicks applied to the rotor thanks to a periodic reconstruction of the spatial wavepacket.

Lepers, Maxence; Garreau, Jean Claude

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Fluorescent Optical Position Sensor  

Sandia National Laboratories has created a method and apparatus for measuring the position of an object.  It relies on the attenuation of fluorescence light carried inside a fluorescent optical fiber to determine the position of an object. 

36

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The TSP consists of experts in environmental pathways, epidemiology, surface-water transport, ground-water transport, statistics, demography, agriculture, meteorology, nuclear engineering, radiation dosimetry, and cultural anthropology. Included are appointed technical members representing the states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, a representative of Native American tribes, and an individual representing the public. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms, environmental transport, environmental monitoring data, demography, food consumption, and agriculture, and environmental pathways and dose estimates. Progress is discussed.

McMakin, A.H.; Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M. (comps.)

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Reconstructing and deconstructing dark energy  

SciTech Connect

The acceleration of the expansion of the universe, ascribed to a dark energy, is one of the most intriguing discoveries in science. In addition to precise, systematics controlled data, clear, robust interpretation of the observations is required to reveal the nature of dark energy. Even for the simplest question: is the data consistent with the cosmological constant? there are important subtleties in the reconstruction of the dark energy properties. We discuss the roles of analysis both in terms of the Hubble expansion rate or dark energy density {rho}DE(z) and in terms of the dark energy equation of state w(z), arguing that each has its carefully defined place. Fitting the density is best for learning about the density, but using it to probe the equation of state can lead to instability and bias.

Linder, Eric V.

2004-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

38

Reconstruction of nonlinear wave propagation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are systems and methods for characterizing a nonlinear propagation environment by numerically propagating a measured output waveform resulting from a known input waveform. The numerical propagation reconstructs the input waveform, and in the process, the nonlinear environment is characterized. In certain embodiments, knowledge of the characterized nonlinear environment facilitates determination of an unknown input based on a measured output. Similarly, knowledge of the characterized nonlinear environment also facilitates formation of a desired output based on a configurable input. In both situations, the input thus characterized and the output thus obtained include features that would normally be lost in linear propagations. Such features can include evanescent waves and peripheral waves, such that an image thus obtained are inherently wide-angle, farfield form of microscopy.

Fleischer, Jason W; Barsi, Christopher; Wan, Wenjie

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

39

Positioning using local maps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is often useful to know the positions of nodes in a network. However, in a large network it is impractical to build a single global map. In this paper, we present a new approach for distributed localization called Positioning using Local Maps (PLM). ... Keywords: Localization, Multidimensional scaling, Multilateration, Relative position estimation

Yi Shang; Wheeler Ruml; Markus P. J. Fromherz

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Bayesian tomographic reconstruction of microsystems  

SciTech Connect

The microtomography by X ray transmission plays an increasingly dominating role in the study and the understanding of microsystems. Within this framework, an experimental setup of high resolution X ray microtomography was developed at CEA-List to quantify the physical parameters related to the fluids flow in microsystems. Several difficulties rise from the nature of experimental data collected on this setup: enhanced error measurements due to various physical phenomena occurring during the image formation (diffusion, beam hardening), and specificities of the setup (limited angle, partial view of the object, weak contrast).To reconstruct the object we must solve an inverse problem. This inverse problem is known to be ill-posed. It therefore needs to be regularized by introducing prior information. The main prior information we account for is that the object is composed of a finite known number of different materials distributed in compact regions. This a priori information is introduced via a Gauss-Markov field for the contrast distributions with a hidden Potts-Markov field for the class materials in the Bayesian estimation framework. The computations are done by using an appropriate Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique.In this paper, we present first the basic steps of the proposed algorithms. Then we focus on one of the main steps in any iterative reconstruction method which is the computation of forward and adjoint operators (projection and backprojection). A fast implementation of these two operators is crucial for the real application of the method. We give some details on the fast computation of these steps and show some preliminary results of simulations.

Salem, Sofia Fekih; Vabre, Alexandre [CEA, LIST, Laboratoire Images et Dynamique, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Mohammad-Djafari, Ali [Laboratoire des Signaux et Systemes, Unite mixte de recherche 8506 (CNRS-Supelec-UPS 11) Supelec, Plateau de Moulon, 3 rue Joliot-Curie, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Accelerated signal encoding and reconstruction using pixon method  

SciTech Connect

The method identifies a Pixon element, which is a fundamental and indivisible unit of information, and a Pixon basis, which is the set of possible functions from which the Pixon elements are selected. The actual Pixon elements selected from this basis during the reconstruction process represents the smallest number of such units required to fit the data and representing the minimum number of parameters necessary to specify the image. The Pixon kernels can have arbitrary properties (e.g., shape, size, and/or position) as needed to best fit the data.

Puetter, Richard (San Diego, CA); Yahil, Amos (Stony Brook, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Accelerated signal encoding and reconstruction using pixon method  

SciTech Connect

The method identifies a Pixon element, which is a fundamental and indivisible unit of information, and a Pixon basis, which is the set of possible functions from which the Pixon elements are selected. The actual Pixon elements selected from this basis during the reconstruction process represents the smallest number of such units required to fit the data and representing the minimum number of parameters necessary to specify the image. The Pixon kernels can have arbitrary properties (e.g., shape size, and/or position) as needed to best fit the data.

Puetter, Richard (San Diego, CA); Yahil, Amos (Stony Brook, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

A method for the separation and reconstructions of charged hadron and neutral hadron from their overlapped showers in electromagnetic calorimeter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The separation and reconstructions of charged hadron and neutral hadron from their overlapped showers in electromagnetic calorimeter is very important for the reconstructions of some particles with hadronic decays, for example the tau reconstruction in the searches for the Standard Model and supersymmetric Higgs bosons at the LHC. In this paper, a method combining the shower cluster in electromagnetic calorimeter and the parametric formula for hadron showers, was developed to separate the overlapped showers between charged hadron and neutral hadron. Taking the hadronic decay containing one charged pion and one neutral pion in the final status of tau for example, satisfied results of the separation of the overlapped showers, the reconstructions of the energy and positions of the hadrons were obtained. An improved result for the tau reconstruction with this decay model can be also achieved after the application of the proposed method.

Liang Song; Tao Jun-Quan; Shen Yu-Qiao; Fan Jia-Wei; Xiao Hong; Chen Guo-Ming

2013-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

44

Addressing Missclassified Positions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2009 2 2009 MEMORANDUM FOR HUMAN RESOURCE DIRECTORS FROM: CAPITAL OFFICER SUBJECT: GULDANCE MEMORANDUM #3: Addressing Misclassified Positions This memorandum provides policy guidance on how to consistently address misclassified positions within the Department and is effective immediately. There are several different circumstances that affect how a misclassified position will be addressed. These are discussed below: If it is determined that a position is classified to the wrong title, then the classification must be corrected immediately. If it is determined that a position is classified to the wrong series, then the classification must be corrected immediately. Note: The series determination involves distinguishing between one-grade interval work and two-grade interval

45

Beam position monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for determining the position of an x-ray beam relative to a desired beam axis where the apparatus is positioned along the beam path so that a thin metal foil target intersects the x-ray beam generating fluorescent radiation. A PIN diode array is positioned so that a portion of the fluorescent radiation is intercepted by the array resulting in a series of electrical signals from the PIN diodes making up the array. The signals are then analyzed and the position of the x-ray beam is determined relative to the desired beam path.

Alkire, Randy W.; Rosenbaum, Gerold; Evans, Gwyndaf

2000-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

46

Positioning and locking apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positioning and locking apparatus are disclosed including a fixture having a rotatable torque ring provided with a plurality of cam segments for automatically guiding a container into a desired location within the fixture. Rotation of the ring turns the container into a final position in pressure sealing relation against a hatch member. 6 figs.

Hayward, M.L.; Harper, W.H.

1987-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

47

Positioning and locking apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positioning and locking apparatus including a fixture having a rotatable torque ring provided with a plurality of cam segments for automatically guiding a container into a desired location within the fixture. Rotation of the ring turns the container into a final position in pressure sealing relation against a hatch member.

Hayward, Milton L. (2305 Greenbrook Blvd., Richland, WA 99352); Harper, William H. (1454 Amon Dr., Richland, WA 99352)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Positioning and locking apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positioning and locking apparatus including a fixture having a rotatable torque ring provided with a plurality of cam segments for automatically guiding a container into a desired location within the fixture. Rotation of the ring turns the container into a final position in pressure sealing relation against a hatch member.

Hayward, M.L.; Harper, W.H.

1985-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

49

Drought Reconstructions for the Continental United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of a 2° lat × 3° long grid of summer drought reconstructions for the continental United States estimated from a dense network of annual tree-ring chronologies is described. The drought metric used is the Palmer Drought Severity ...

Edward R. Cook; David M. Meko; David W. Stahle; Malcolm K. Cleaveland

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Subpixel reconstruction antialiasing for deferred shading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subpixel Reconstruction Antialiasing (SRAA) combines singlepixel (1x) shading with subpixel visibility to create antialiased images without increasing the shading cost. SRAA targets deferred-shading renderers, which cannot use multisample antialiasing. ... Keywords: antialiasing, deferred shading

Matthäus G. Chajdas; Morgan McGuire; David Luebke

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Phoenix: an epidemic approach to time reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Harsh deployment environments and uncertain run-time conditions create numerous challenges for postmortem time reconstruction methods. For example, motes often reboot and thus lose their clock state, considering that the majority of mote platforms lack ...

Jayant Gupchup; Douglas Carlson; R?zvan Mus?loiu-E.; Alex Szalay; Andreas Terzis

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

3D building reconstruction from LIDAR data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a fast data acquisition technique, Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) can be widely used in many applications, such as visualization, GIS and mobile communication. Since manual surface reconstruction is very costly and time consuming, the development ...

Yuan Luo; Marina L. Gavrilova

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Stochastic Block Models and Reconstruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The planted partition model (also known as the stochastic blockmodel) is a classical cluster-exhibiting random graph model that has been extensively studied in statistics, physics, and computer science. In its simplest form, the planted partition model is a model for random graphs on $n$ nodes with two equal-sized clusters, with an between-class edge probability of $q$ and a within-class edge probability of $p$. Although most of the literature on this model has focused on the case of increasing degrees (ie.\\ $pn, qn \\to \\infty$ as $n \\to \\infty$), the sparse case $p, q = O(1/n)$ is interesting both from a mathematical and an applied point of view. A striking conjecture of Decelle, Krzkala, Moore and Zdeborov\\'a based on deep, non-rigorous ideas from statistical physics gave a precise prediction for the algorithmic threshold of clustering in the sparse planted partition model. In particular, if $p = a/n$ and $q = b/n$, then Decelle et al.\\ conjectured that it is possible to cluster in a way correlated with the true partition if $(a - b)^2 > 2(a + b)$, and impossible if $(a - b)^2 C (a + b)$ for some sufficiently large $C$. We prove half of their prediction, showing that it is indeed impossible to cluster if $(a - b)^2 2(a + b)$. Following Decelle et al, our work establishes a rigorous connection between the clustering problem, spin-glass models on the Bethe lattice and the so called reconstruction problem. This connection points to fascinating applications and open problems.

Elchanan Mossel; Joe Neeman; Allan Sly

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

54

Optimal design of measurement network for neutronic activity field reconstruction by data assimilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using data assimilation framework, to merge information from model and measurement, an optimal reconstruction of the neutronic activity field can be determined for a nuclear reactor core. In this paper, we focus on solving the inverse problem of determining an optimal repartition of the measuring instruments within the core, to get the best possible results from the data assimilation reconstruction procedure. The position optimisation is realised using Simulated Annealing algorithm, based on the Metropolis-Hastings one. Moreover, in order to address the optimisation computing challenge, algebraic improvements of data assimilation have been developed and are presented here.

Bertrand Bouriquet; Jean-Philippe Argaud; Romain Cugnart

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

55

Using projective invariant properties for efficient 3d reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D reconstruction over long sequences has been to the main problem of computer vision. Projective reconstruction is known to be an important process for 3D reconstruction in Euclidean space. In this paper, we present a new projective reconstruction algorithm ...

Bo-Ra Seok; Yong-Ho Hwang; Hyun-Ki Hong

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Video image position determination  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical beam position controller in which a video camera captures an image of the beam in its video frames, and conveys those images to a processing board which calculates the centroid coordinates for the image. The image coordinates are used by motor controllers and stepper motors to position the beam in a predetermined alignment. In one embodiment, system noise, used in conjunction with Bernoulli trials, yields higher resolution centroid coordinates.

Christensen, Wynn (Los Alamos, NM); Anderson, Forrest L. (Bernalillo, NM); Kortegaard, Birchard L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Tomographic reconstruction of ionospheric electron density based on constrained algebraic reconstruction technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A constrained algebraic reconstruction technique (CART) is proposed for the tomographic reconstruction of the ionospheric electron density distribution. The method uses a popular two-dimensional multi-point finite difference approximation of the second ... Keywords: ART, Electron density, Ionospheric tomography, TEC

Debao Wen; Sanzhi Liu; Pingying Tang

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Org.Lcsim: Event Reconstruction in Java  

SciTech Connect

Maximizing the physics performance of detectors being designed for the International Linear Collider, while remaining sensitive to cost constraints, requires a powerful, efficient, and flexible simulation, reconstruction and analysis environment to study the capabilities of a large number of different detector designs. The preparation of Letters Of Intent for the International Linear Collider involved the detailed study of dozens of detector options, layouts and readout technologies; the final physics benchmarking studies required the reconstruction and analysis of hundreds of millions of events. We describe the Java-based software toolkit (org.lcsim) which was used for full event reconstruction and analysis. The components are fully modular and are available for tasks from digitization of tracking detector signals through to cluster finding, pattern recognition, track-fitting, calorimeter clustering, individual particle reconstruction, jet-finding, and analysis. The detector is defined by the same xml input files used for the detector response simulation, ensuring the simulation and reconstruction geometries are always commensurate by construction. We discuss the architecture as well as the performance.

Graf, Norman A.; /SLAC

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

59

Photon position measure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The positive operator valued measure (POVM) for a photon counting array detector is derived and found to equal photon flux density integrated over pixel area and measurement time. Since photon flux density equals number density multiplied by the speed of light, this justifies theoretically the observation that a photon counting array provides a coarse grained measurement of photon position. The POVM obtained here can be written as a set of projectors onto a basis of localized states, consistent with the description of photon position in a recent quantum imaging proposal [M. Tsang, Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{102}, 253601 (2009)]. The wave function that describes a photon counting experiment is the projection of the photon state vector onto this localized basis. Collapse is to the electromagnetic vacuum and not to a localized state, thus violating the text book rules of quantum mechanics but compatible with the theory of generalized observables and the nonlocalizability of an incoming photon.

Hawton, Margaret

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Photon position measure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The positive operator valued measure (POVM) for a photon counting array detector is derived and found to equal photon flux density integrated over pixel area and measurement time. Since photon flux density equals number density multiplied by the speed of light, this justifies theoretically the observation that a photon counting array provides a coarse grained measurement of photon position. The POVM obtained here can be written as a set of projectors onto a basis of localized states, consistent with the description of photon position in a recent quantum imaging proposal [M. Tsang, Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{102}, 253601 (2009)]. The wave function that describes a photon counting experiment is the projection of the photon state vector onto this localized basis. Collapse is to the electromagnetic vacuum and not to a localized state, thus violating the text book rules of quantum mechanics but compatible with the theory of generalized observables and the nonlocalizability of an incoming photon.

Margaret Hawton

2010-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Turbine nozzle positioning system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nozzle guide vane assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and being attached to conventional metallic components. The nozzle guide vane assembly includes an outer shroud having a mounting leg with an opening defined therein, a tip shoe ring having a mounting member with an opening defined therein, a nozzle support ring having a plurality of holes therein and a pin positioned in the corresponding opening in the outer shroud, opening in the tip shoe ring and the hole in the nozzle support ring. A rolling joint is provided between metallic components of the gas turbine engine and the nozzle guide vane assembly. The nozzle guide vane assembly is positioned radially about a central axis of the gas turbine engine and axially aligned with a combustor of the gas turbine engine.

Norton, Paul F. (San Diego, CA); Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1996-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

62

Turbine nozzle positioning system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nozzle guide vane assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and being attached to conventional metallic components. The nozzle guide vane assembly includes an outer shroud having a mounting leg with an opening defined therein, a tip shoe ring having a mounting member with an opening defined therein, a nozzle support ring having a plurality of holes therein and a pin positioned in the corresponding opening in the outer shroud, opening in the tip shoe ring and the hole in the nozzle support ring. A rolling joint is provided between metallic components of the gas turbine engine and the nozzle guide vane assembly. The nozzle guide vane assembly is positioned radially about a central axis of the gas turbine engine and axially aligned with a combustor of the gas turbine engine. 9 figs.

Norton, P.F.; Shaffer, J.E.

1996-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

63

Detective quantum efficiency of CT reconstruction: the detection of small objects  

SciTech Connect

The loss of detection sensitivity incurred by any stage of image processing may normally be characterized by the frequency dependence of the detective quantum efficiency (DQE) of that stage of processing, provided the image is represented in continuous coordinates. However, limitations to the DQE concept arise when discretely sampled projection data are used to obtain discretely sampled computed tomographic (CT) reconstructions. The source of these limitations is the aliasing produced by the discrete sampling which mixes contributions from various frequencies. An associated problem is that the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for the detection of an object can depend upon the position of the object relative to the discrete reconstruction pixels. The effective SNR for discrete images must take into account this variation. While there may be no loss in the detection SNR for reconstructions in continuous coordinates (DQE = 100%), a reduction in the SNR will result from aliasing for discrete reconstructions. A simple one-dimensional model elucidates the characteristics of discrete CT reconstruction.

Hanson, K.M.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Position sensing apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention consists of linear and angular position sensors in which a distance measuring system is used in conjunction with a sloping surfaced conductive target. With the target attached to a movable member and a distance measuring sensor at a fixed location with respect to the target, any linear or angular movement of the movable arm will alter the distance between the target and the sensor in a linear manner. As these are linear systems, the distances between sensor and target are simply and directly transformable to linear and angular positions.

Gritzo, R.E.

1991-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

65

Review of HRP Positions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) Human Reliability Program (HRP), published as 10 CFR Part 712, is currently being reviewed and revised to address concerns identified during its implementation. Although these ''page changes'' primarily incorporate clarification of terms and language, the following discussion relates to broadening the definition of positions that require HRP certification that is found in {section}712.10.

Center for Reliability Studies

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Position feedback control system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a system and method for independently evaluating the spatial positional performance of a machine having a movable member, comprising an articulated coordinate measuring machine comprising: a first revolute joint; a probe arm, having a proximal end rigidly attached to the first joint, and having a distal end with a probe tip attached thereto, wherein the probe tip is pivotally mounted to the movable machine member; a second revolute joint; a first support arm serially connecting the first joint to the second joint; and coordinate processing means, operatively connected to the first and second revolute joints, for calculating the spatial coordinates of the probe tip; means for kinematically constraining the articulated coordinate measuring machine to a working surface; and comparator means, in operative association with the coordinate processing means and with the movable machine, for comparing the true position of the movable machine member, as measured by the true position of the probe tip, with the desired position of the movable machine member.

Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Jokiel, Jr., Bernhard (Albuquerque, NM); Ensz, Mark T. (Albuquerque, NM); Watson, Robert D. (Tijeras, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

MISUSE OF POSITION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MISUSE OF POSITION MISUSE OF POSITION USE OF NONPUBLIC INFORMATION. Employees shall not engage in a financial transaction using nonpublic information, or allow the improper use of nonpublic information to further their own private interests or those of another. Information that is "nonpublic" includes information an employee knows or reasonably should know: Is routinely exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act or protected from disclosure by statute, including proprietary and Trade Secret information; Is designated by an agency as confidential; or Has not actually been disseminated to the general public and is not authorized to be made available to the public on request. Employees who have access to financial market sensitive information must not make this

68

Video image position determination  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention generally relates to the control of video and optical information and, more specifically, to control systems utilizing video images to provide control. Accurate control of video images and laser beams is becoming increasingly important as the use of lasers for machine, medical and experimental processes escalates. In, AURORA, an installation at Los Alamos National Laboratory dedicated to laser fusion research, it is necessary to precisely control the path and angle of up to 96 lasers beams. This invention is comprised of an optical beam position controller in which a video camera captures an image of the beam in its video frames, and conveys those images to a processing board which calculates the centroid coordinates for the image. The image coordinates are used by motor controllers and stepper motors to position the beam in a predetermined alignment. In one embodiment, system noise, used in conjunction with Bernoulli trials, yields higher resolution centroid coordinates.

Christensen, W.; Anderson, F.L.; Kortegaard, B.L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Video image position determination  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention generally relates to the control of video and optical information and, more specifically, to control systems utilizing video images to provide control. Accurate control of video images and laser beams is becoming increasingly important as the use of lasers for machine, medical and experimental processes escalates. In, AURORA, an installation at Los Alamos National Laboratory dedicated to laser fusion research, it is necessary to precisely control the path and angle of up to 96 lasers beams. This invention is comprised of an optical beam position controller in which a video camera captures an image of the beam in its video frames, and conveys those images to a processing board which calculates the centroid coordinates for the image. The image coordinates are used by motor controllers and stepper motors to position the beam in a predetermined alignment. In one embodiment, system noise, used in conjunction with Bernoulli trials, yields higher resolution centroid coordinates.

Christensen, W.; Anderson, F.L.; Kortegaard, B.L.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

70

SUN (re)construction | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SUN (re)construction SUN (re)construction Jump to: navigation, search Logo: SUN (re)construction Name SUN (re)construction Address 1351 Harker Avenue Place Palo Alto, California Zip 94301 Sector Efficiency Product Zero-net and grid-neutral buildings Year founded 2009 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 805.679.3616 Website http://www.sunreconstruction.c Coordinates 37.446933°, -122.141049° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.446933,"lon":-122.141049,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

71

Reconstructing the Texas Flood of 1938  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reconstructing the Texas Flood of 1938 Jude Kastens1 | Kevin Dobbs1 | Melinda Luna2 1Kansas Biological Survey, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 2Texas Natural Resources Information System, Texas Water Development Board, Austin, TX 2010 Texas GIS Forum October 28, 2010 Austin, TX Email: jkastens

Peterson, Blake R.

72

On image reconstruction from multiscale top points  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Image reconstruction from a fiducial collection of scale space interest points and attributes (e.g. in terms of image derivatives) can be used to make the amount of information contained in them explicit. Previous work by various authors includes both ...

Frans Kanters; Martin Lillholm; Remco Duits; Bart Janssen; Bram Platel; Luc Florack; Bart ter Haar Romeny

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

CT reconstruction from limited projection angles  

SciTech Connect

When the available CT projection data are incomplete, there exists a null space in the space of possible reconstructions about which the data provide no information. Deterministic CT reconstructions are impotent in regard to this null space. Furthermore, it is shown that consistency conditions based on projection moments do not provide the missing projections. When the projection data consist of a set of parallel projections that do not encompass a complete 180/sup 0/ rotation, the null space corresponds to a missing sector in the Fourier transform of the original 2-D function. The long-range streak artifacts created by the missing sector can be reduced by attenuating the Fourier transform of the reconstruction smoothly to zero at the sector boundary. It is shown that the Fourier transform of a reconstruction obtained under a maximum entropy constraint is nearly zero in the missing sector. Hence, maximum entropy does not overcome the basic lack of information. It is suggested that some portion of the null space might be filled in by use of a priori knowledge of the type of image expected.

Hanson, K.M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Recent methods for reconstructing surfaces from multiple images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many objects can be mathematically represented as smooth surfaces with arbitrary topology, and smooth surface reconstruction from images could be cast into a variational problem. The main difficulties are the intrinsic ill-posedness of the reconstruction, ...

Gang Zeng; Maxime Lhuillier; Long Quan

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

A Model-Based Method For Building Reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper model-based reconstruction methods are applied to the detailed reconstruction of buildings from close-range images. The 3D points obtained through image matching are segmented into a coarse polyhedral model with a robust regression ...

Konrad Schindler; Joachim Bauer

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

On the interactive 3D reconstruction of Iberian vessels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reconstructing vessels from sherds is a complex task, specially for hand made pottery. That is the case of the Iberian vessels. The reconstruction process can be done in three steps: orientation of the sherd, computing the symmetry axis and detecting ...

F. J. Melero; J. C. Torres; A. León

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

3D reconstruction of emission and absorption in planetary nebulae  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of reconstructing the 3D structure of planetary nebulae from 2D observations. Assuming axial symmetry, our method jointly reconstructs the distribution of dust and ionized gas in the nebulae from observations at two different ...

Andrei Lin?u; Hendrik P. A. Lensch; Marcus Magnor; Sascha El-Abed; Hans-Peter Seidel

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Estimating Monthly Precipitation Reconstruction Uncertainty Beginning in 1900  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uncertainty estimates are computed for a statistical reconstruction of global monthly precipitation that was developed in an earlier publication. The reconstruction combined the use of spatial correlations with gauge precipitation and correlations ...

Thomas M. Smith; Samuel S. P. Shen; Li Ren; Phillip A. Arkin

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

A Surrogate Ensemble Study of Sea Level Reconstructions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the possibility of reconstructing past global mean sea levels. Reconstruction methods rely on historical measurements from tide gauges combined with knowledge about the spatial covariance structure of the sea level field ...

Bo Christiansen; T. Schmith; P. Thejll

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Historical SAM Variability. Part I: Century-Length Seasonal Reconstructions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal reconstructions of the Southern Hemisphere annular mode (SAM) index are derived to extend the record before the reanalysis period, using station sea level pressure (SLP) data as predictors. Two reconstructions using different predictands ...

Julie M. Jones; Ryan L. Fogt; Martin Widmann; Gareth J. Marshall; Phil D. Jones; Martin Visbeck

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Reconstruction of quasi developable surfaces from ribbon curves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the acquisition and reconstruction of physical surfaces by mean of a ribbon device equipped with micro-sensors, providing geodesic curves running on the surface. The whole process involves the reconstruction of these 3D ribbon curves ... Keywords: Capture and reconstruction of surfaces, Coons filling methods, Developable and quasi developable surfaces, Geodesic curve, Hermite interpolation

Mathieu Huard; Nathalie Sprynski; Nicolas Szafran; Luc Biard

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Improved Methods for PCA-Based Reconstructions: Case Study Using the Steig et al. (2009) Antarctic Temperature Reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed analysis is presented of a recently published Antarctic temperature reconstruction that combines satellite and ground information using a regularized expectation–maximization algorithm. Though the general reconstruction concept has ...

Ryan O’Donnell; Nicholas Lewis; Steve McIntyre; Jeff Condon

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Demosaicing: image reconstruction from color ccd samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simplified color image formation model is used to construct an algorithm for image reconstruction from CCD sensors samples. The proposed method involves two successive steps. The first is motivated by Cok’s template matching technique, while the second step uses steerable inverse diffusion in color. Classical linear signal processing techniques tend to oversmooth the image and result in noticeable color artifacts along edges and sharp features. The question is how should the different color channels support each other to form the best possible reconstruction. Our answer is to let the edges support the color information, and the color channels support the edges, and thereby achieve better perceptual results than those that are bounded by the sampling theoretical limit.

Ron Kimmel

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Reconstructing Spatial Distributions from Anonymized Locations  

SciTech Connect

Devices such as mobile phones, tablets, and sensors are often equipped with GPS that accurately report a person's location. Combined with wireless communication, these devices enable a wide range of new social tools and applications. These same qualities, however, leave location-aware applications vulnerable to privacy violations. This paper introduces the Negative Quad Tree, a privacy protection method for location aware applications. The method is broadly applicable to applications that use spatial density information, such as social applications that measure the popularity of social venues. The method employs a simple anonymization algorithm running on mobile devices, and a more complex reconstruction algorithm on a central server. This strategy is well suited to low-powered mobile devices. The paper analyzes the accuracy of the reconstruction method in a variety of simulated and real-world settings and demonstrates that the method is accurate enough to be used in many real-world scenarios.

Horey, James L [ORNL; Forrest, Stephanie [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque; Groat, Michael [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Bayesian Image Reconstruction Based on Voronoi Diagrams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a Bayesian Voronoi image reconstruction technique (VIR) for interferometric data. Bayesian analysis applied to the inverse problem allows us to derive the a-posteriori probability of a novel parameterization of interferometric images. We use a variable Voronoi diagram as our model in place of the usual fixed pixel grid. A quantization of the intensity field allows us to calculate the likelihood function and a-priori probabilities. The Voronoi image is optimized including the number of polygons as free parameters. We apply our algorithm to deconvolve simulated interferometric data. Residuals, restored images and chi^2 values are used to compare our reconstructions with fixed grid models. VIR has the advantage of modeling the image with few parameters, obtaining a better image from a Bayesian point of view.

G. F. Cabrera; S. Casassus; N. Hitschfeld

2007-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

86

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Monthly report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The independent Technical Steering Panel (TSP) provides technical direction. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates):Source Terms, Environmental Transport, Environmental Monitoring Data, Demography, Food Consumption, and Agriculture, and Environmental Pathways and Dose Estimates.

Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M. [comps.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Monthly report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms, environmental transport, environmental monitoring data, demography, food consumption, and agriculture, and environmental pathways and dose estimates.

Finch, S.M.; McMakin, A.H. [comps.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Photometric redshifts from reconstructed QSO templates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From SDSS commissioning photometric and spectroscopic data, we investigate the utility of photometric redshift techniques to the task of estimating QSO redshifts. We consider empirical methods (e.g. nearest-neighbor searches and polynomial fitting), standard spectral template fitting and hybrid approaches (i.e. training spectral templates from spectroscopic and photometric observations of QSOs). We find that in all cases, due to the presence of strong emission-lines within the QSO spectra, the nearest-neighbor and template fitting methods are superior to the polynomial fitting approach. Applying a novel reconstruction technique, we can, from the SDSS multicolor photometry, reconstruct a statistical representation of the underlying SEDs of the SDSS QSOs. Although, the reconstructed templates are based on only broadband photometry the common emission lines present within the QSO spectra can be recovered in the resulting spectral energy distributions. The technique should be useful in searching for spectral differences among QSOs at a given redshift, in searching for spectral evolution of QSOs, in comparing photometric redshifts for objects beyond the SDSS spectroscopic sample with those in the well calibrated photometric redshifts for objects brighter than 20th magnitude and in searching for systematic and time variable effects in the SDSS broad band photometric and spectral photometric calibrations.

Tamas Budavari; Istvan Csabai; Alexander S. Szalay; Andrew J. Connolly; Gyula P. Szokoly

2001-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

89

A working with a Silicon Position Sensitive Detector (dE%E calibration and isotopes separation)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A method for the calibration of a Silicon Position Sensitive Detector is described. From the combination of the signals collected at the ends of the resistive electrode, energy and angle of the hitting particle are reconstructed with a procedure which straightforwardly accounts for different amplifier chain gains and dc offset effects.

V. Ostashko; A. Tumino; S. Romano

2005-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

90

Nonproliferation Position Statement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For its many benefits to be realized, nuclear technology should continue to be applied in such a way that it does not contribute to the spread of nuclear weapons. In addition, the public must have confidence that the diversion of civil nuclear materials into weapons programs will not happen. An effective nonproliferation policy should prevent diversion by States of fissile material from the nuclear fuel cycle; theft of fissile material by subnational or terrorist groups; clandestine operation of a fissile material production facility. It is the position of the American Nuclear Society (ANS) that the following actions are required to deal with these threats effectively: 1. Nuclear science and technology can be applied for peaceful purposes in a manner that fully supports and is compatible with achieving nonproliferation goals, as embodied in the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). To prevent proliferation, sovereign states should adhere to the NPT and its safeguards system including the Additional Protocol and adopt effective export controls. Incentives to acquire nuclear weapons must also be addressed through foreign policies that discourage clandestine

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Reconstruction of f(T) and f(R) gravity according to (m,n)-type holographic dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by earlier works on reconstruction of modified gravity models with dark energy components, we extend them by considering a newly proposed model of (m, n)- type of holographic dark energy for two models of modified gravity, f(R) and f(T) theories, where R and T represent Ricci scalar and torsion scalar respectively. Specifically we reconstruct the two later gravity models and discuss their viability and cosmography. The obtained gravity models are ghost free, compatible with local solar system tests and describe effective positive gravitational constant.

Farooq, M Umar; Momeni, Davood; Myrzakulov, Ratbay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Position detectors, methods of detecting position, and methods of providing positional detectors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Position detectors, welding system position detectors, methods of detecting various positions, and methods of providing position detectors are described. In one embodiment, a welding system positional detector includes a base that is configured to engage and be moved along a curved surface of a welding work piece. At least one position detection apparatus is provided and is connected with the base and configured to measure angular position of the detector relative to a reference vector. In another embodiment, a welding system positional detector includes a weld head and at least one inclinometer mounted on the weld head. The one inclinometer is configured to develop positional data relative to a reference vector and the position of the weld head on a non-planar weldable work piece.

Weinberg, David M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Harding, L. Dean (Chubbuck, ID); Larsen, Eric D. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Angular Reconstruction of a Lead Scintillating-Fiber Sandwiched Electromagnetic Calorimeter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method called Neighbor Cell Deposited Energy Ratio (NCDER) is proposed to reconstruct incidence position in a single layer for a 3-dimensional imaging electromagnetic calorimeter (ECAL).This method was applied to reconstruct the ECAL test beam data for the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer-02 (AMS-02). The results show that this method can achieve an angular resolution of 7.36\\pm 0.08 / \\sqrt(E) \\oplus 0.28 \\pm 0.02 degree in the determination of the photons direction, which is much more precise than that obtained with the commonly-adopted Center of Gravity(COG) method (8.4 \\pm 0.1 /sqrt(E) \\oplus 0.8\\pm0.3 degree). Furthermore, since it uses only the properties of electromagnetic showers, this new method could also be used for other type of fine grain sampling calorimeters.

Zu-Hao Li; Wei-Wei Xu; Ling-Yu Wang; Cheng Zhang; Zhi-Cheng Tang; Qi Yan; Min Yang; Yu-Sheng Lu; Guo-Ming Chen; He-Sheng Chen

2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

94

Combinatorial aspects of total positivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis I study combinatorial aspects of an emerging field known as total positivity. The classical theory of total positivity concerns matrices in which all minors are nonnegative. While this theory was pioneered ...

Williams, Lauren Kiyomi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Preemptive scheduling with position costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

imization of the sum of the position costs of all the jobs, which will be denoted by. ??fi in the ?-field of the ..... http://www-poleia.lip6.fr/~sourd/project/position. 5 ...

96

Reconstructing Quintom from Ricci Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The holographic dark energy with Ricci scalar as IR cutoff called Ricci dark energy(RDE) probes the nature of dark energy with respect to the holographic principle of quantum gravity theory. The scalar field dark energy models like quintom are often viewed as effective description of the underlying field theory of dark energy. In this letter, we assume RDE model as the underlying field theory to find how the generalized ghost condensate model(GGC) that can easily realize quintom behavior can be used to effectively describe it and reconstruct the function $h(\\phi)$ of the generalized ghost condensate model.

Chao-Jun Feng

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

Reconstructing 3D buildings from Lidar data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate 3D surface models in urban areas are essential for a variety of applications, such as visualization, GIS, and mobile communications. Since manual surface reconstruction is very costly and time consuming, the development of automated algorithms is of great importance. On the other hand LIDAR data is a relatively new technology for obtaining Digital Surface Models (DSM) of the earth’s surface. It is a fast method for sampling the earth’s surface with a high density and high point accuracy. In this paper a new approach for building extraction from LIDAR data is presented. The approach utilizes the geometric properties of urban buildings for the reconstruction of the building wire-frames from the LIDAR data. We start by finding the candidate building points that are used to populate a plane parameter space. After filling the plane parameter space, we find the planes that can represent the building roof surfaces. Roof regions are then extracted and the plane parameters are refined using a robust estimation technique and the geometric constraint between adjacent roof facets. The region boundaries are extracted and used to form the building wireframes. The algorithm is tested on two buildings from a locally acquired LIDAR data sets. The test results show some success in extracting urban area buildings. 1.

Ahmed F. Elaksher; James S. Bethel

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Reconstructions: nine movements for solo soprano, chorus, and wind ensemble.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Reconstructions is a nine-movement composition for solo soprano, chorus, and wind ensemble using texts from several of Emily Dickinson's poems. The soloist represents the main… (more)

Makela, Steven L.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Reconstruction of 3D Points From Uncalibrated Underwater Video.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a 3D reconstruction software pipeline that is capable of generating point cloud data from uncalibrated underwater video. This research project was undertaken… (more)

Cavan, Neil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Building model reconstruction from lidar data and aerial photographs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of this research is to reconstruct 3D building models from imagery and LIDAR data. The images used are stereo aerial photographs with known… (more)

Ma, Ruijin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project monthly report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction MDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The TSP consists of experts in envirorunental pathways. epidemiology, surface-water transport, ground-water transport, statistics, demography, agriculture, meteorology, nuclear engineering. radiation dosimetry. and cultural anthropology. Included are appointed members representing the states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, a representative of Native American tribes, and an individual representing the public. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source Terms; Environmental Transport; Environmental Monitoring Data Demography, Food Consumption, and Agriculture; and Environmental Pathways and Dose Estimates.

McMakin, A.H., Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M. [comps.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Monthly report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The TSP consists of experts in environmental pathways, epidemiology, surface-water transport, ground-water transport, statistics, demography, agriculture, meteorology, nuclear engineering, radiation dosimetry, and cultural anthropology. Included are appointed technical members representing the states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, a representative of Native American tribes, and an individual representing the public. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms, environmental transport, environmental monitoring data, demography, food consumption, and agriculture, and environmental pathways and dose estimates. Progress is discussed.

McMakin, A.H.; Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M. [comps.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Dictionary Approaches To Image Compression And Reconstruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper proposes using a collection of parameterized waveforms, known as a dictionary, for the purpose of medical image compression. These waveforms, denoted as f g , are discrete time signals, where g represents the dictionary index. A dictionary with a collection of these waveforms is typically complete or overcomplete. Given such a dictionary, the goal is to obtain a representation image based on the dictionary. We examine the effectiveness of applying Basis Pursuit (BP), Best Orthogonal Basis (BOB), Matching Pursuits (MP), and the Method of Frames (MOF) methods for the compression of digitized radiological images with a wavelet-packet dictionary. The performance of these algorithms is studied for medical images with and without additive noise. Keywords: Image coding and compression, Medical Image Processing, Signal Reconstruction, Wavelets Prepared through collaborative participation in the Advanced Telecommunications/Information Distribution Research Program (ATIRP) Consortiu...

Nigel A. Ziyad; Erwin T. Gilmore; Mohamed F. Chouikha

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Probabilistic image reconstruction for radio interferometers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a novel, general-purpose method for deconvolving and denoising images from gridded radio interferometric visibilities using Bayesian inference based on a Gaussian process model. The method automatically takes into account incomplete coverage of the uv-plane and mode coupling due to the beam. Our method uses Gibbs sampling to efficiently explore the full posterior distribution of the underlying signal image given the data. We use a set of widely diverse mock images with a realistic interferometer setup and level of noise to assess the method. Compared to results from a proxy for the CLEAN method we find that in terms of RMS error and signal-to-noise ratio our approach performs better than traditional deconvolution techniques, regardless of the structure of the source image in our test suite. Our implementation scales as O(np log np), provides full statistical and uncertainty information of the reconstructed image, requires no supervision, and provides a robust, consistent framework for incorporating...

Sutter, P M; McEwen, Jason D; Bunn, Emory F; Karakci, Ata; Korotkov, Andrei; Timbie, Peter; Tucker, Gregory S; Zhang, Le

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Reconstructing phylogenetic trees of prokaryote genomes by randomly sampling oligopeptides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees of a given set of prokaryote organisms by randomly sampling relatively small oligopeptides of a fixed length from their complete proteomes. For each of the organisms, a vector of ... Keywords: bioinformatics, evolution, microbial organisms, oligopeptide frequency, phylogenetic tree reconstruction, phylogenetic trees, prokaryote genomes, random sampling

Osamu Maruyama; Akiko Matsuda; Satoru Kuhara

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Fully three-dimensional tomographic evolutionary reconstruction in nuclear medicine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3-D reconstruction in Nuclear Medicine imaging using completeMonte-Carlo simulation of trajectories usually requires high computingpower. We are currently developing a Parisian Evolution Strategy in order toreduce the computing cost of reconstruction ... Keywords: artificial evolution, compton scattering, computer tomography, emission tomography, flyalgorithm, nuclear medicine, parisian evolution

Aurélie Bousquet; Jean Louchet; Jean-Marie Rocchisani

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Trajectory fusion for three-dimensional volume reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the 3D volume reconstruction problem from depth adjacent sub-volumes acquired by a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Our goal is to align the sub-volumes by estimating a set of optimal global transformations that preserve morphological ... Keywords: 3D Volume reconstruction, Confocal laser scanning microscopy, Extrapolation, Residual minimization, Sub-volume registration, Trajectory fusion

Sang-Chul Lee; Peter Bajcsy

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

The effect of exit beam phase aberrations on parallel beam coherent x-ray reconstructions.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diffraction artifacts from imperfect x-ray windows near the sample are an important consideration in the design of coherent x-ray diffraction measurements. In this study, we used simulated and experimental diffraction patterns in two and three dimensions to explore the effect of phase imperfections in a beryllium window (such as a void or inclusion) on the convergence behavior of phasing algorithms and on the ultimate reconstruction. A predictive relationship between beam wavelength, sample size, and window position was derived to explain the dependence of reconstruction quality on beryllium defect size. Defects corresponding to this prediction cause the most damage to the sample exit wave and induce signature error oscillations during phasing that can be used as a fingerprint of experimental x-ray window artifacts. The relationship between x-ray window imperfection size and coherent x-ray diffractive imaging reconstruction quality explored in this work can play an important role in designing high-resolution in situ coherent imaging instrumentation and will help interpret the phasing behavior of coherent diffraction measured in these in situ environments.

Hruszkewycz, S. O.; Harder, R.; Xiao, X.; Fuoss, P. H. (Materials Science Division); ( XSD)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

The effect of exit beam phase aberrations on parallel beam coherent x-ray reconstructions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diffraction artifacts from imperfect x-ray windows near the sample are an important consideration in the design of coherent x-ray diffraction measurements. In this study, we used simulated and experimental diffraction patterns in two and three dimensions to explore the effect of phase imperfections in a beryllium window (such as a void or inclusion) on the convergence behavior of phasing algorithms and on the ultimate reconstruction. A predictive relationship between beam wavelength, sample size, and window position was derived to explain the dependence of reconstruction quality on beryllium defect size. Defects corresponding to this prediction cause the most damage to the sample exit wave and induce signature error oscillations during phasing that can be used as a fingerprint of experimental x-ray window artifacts. The relationship between x-ray window imperfection size and coherent x-ray diffractive imaging reconstruction quality explored in this work can play an important role in designing high-resolution in situ coherent imaging instrumentation and will help interpret the phasing behavior of coherent diffraction measured in these in situ environments.

Hruszkewycz, S. O.; Fuoss, P. H. [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Harder, R.; Xiao, X. [X-Ray Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

Error Detection, Factorization and Correction for Multi-View Scene Reconstruction from Aerial Imagery  

SciTech Connect

Scene reconstruction from video sequences has become a prominent computer vision research area in recent years, due to its large number of applications in fields such as security, robotics and virtual reality. Despite recent progress in this field, there are still a number of issues that manifest as incomplete, incorrect or computationally-expensive reconstructions. The engine behind achieving reconstruction is the matching of features between images, where common conditions such as occlusions, lighting changes and texture-less regions can all affect matching accuracy. Subsequent processes that rely on matching accuracy, such as camera parameter estimation, structure computation and non-linear parameter optimization, are also vulnerable to additional sources of error, such as degeneracies and mathematical instability. Detection and correction of errors, along with robustness in parameter solvers, are a must in order to achieve a very accurate final scene reconstruction. However, error detection is in general difficult due to the lack of ground-truth information about the given scene, such as the absolute position of scene points or GPS/IMU coordinates for the camera(s) viewing the scene. In this dissertation, methods are presented for the detection, factorization and correction of error sources present in all stages of a scene reconstruction pipeline from video, in the absence of ground-truth knowledge. Two main applications are discussed. The first set of algorithms derive total structural error measurements after an initial scene structure computation and factorize errors into those related to the underlying feature matching process and those related to camera parameter estimation. A brute-force local correction of inaccurate feature matches is presented, as well as an improved conditioning scheme for non-linear parameter optimization which applies weights on input parameters in proportion to estimated camera parameter errors. Another application is in reconstruction pre-processing, where an algorithm detects and discards frames that would lead to inaccurate feature matching, camera pose estimation degeneracies or mathematical instability in structure computation based on a residual error comparison between two different match motion models. The presented algorithms were designed for aerial video but have been proven to work across different scene types and camera motions, and for both real and synthetic scenes.

Hess-Flores, M

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

111

Position Measurements Obeying Momentum Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a hitherto unknown fundamental limitation to a basic measurement: that of the position of a quantum object when the total momentum of the object and apparatus is conserved. This result extends the famous Wigner-Araki-Yanase (WAY) theorem, and shows that accurate position measurements are only practically feasible if there is a large momentum uncertainty in the apparatus.

Paul Busch; Leon Loveridge

2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

112

A method of dose reconstruction for moving targets compatible with dynamic treatments  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To develop a method that allows a commercial treatment planning system (TPS) to perform accurate dose reconstruction for rigidly moving targets and to validate the method in phantom measurements for a range of treatments including intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), volumetric arc therapy (VMAT), and dynamic multileaf collimator (DMLC) tracking. Methods: An in-house computer program was developed to manipulate Dicom treatment plans exported from a TPS (Eclipse, Varian Medical Systems) such that target motion during treatment delivery was incorporated into the plans. For each treatment, a motion including plan was generated by dividing the intratreatment target motion into 1 mm position bins and construct sub-beams that represented the parts of the treatment that were delivered, while the target was located within each position bin. For each sub-beam, the target shift was modeled by a corresponding isocenter shift. The motion incorporating Dicom plans were reimported into the TPS, where dose calculation resulted in motion including target dose distributions. For experimental validation of the dose reconstruction a thorax phantom with a moveable lung equivalent rod with a tumor insert of solid water was first CT scanned. The tumor insert was delineated as a gross tumor volume (GTV), and a planning target volume (PTV) was formed by adding margins. A conformal plan, two IMRT plans (step-and-shoot and sliding windows), and a VMAT plan were generated giving minimum target doses of 95% (GTV) and 67% (PTV) of the prescription dose (3 Gy). Two conformal fields with MLC leaves perpendicular and parallel to the tumor motion, respectively, were generated for DMLC tracking. All treatment plans were delivered to the thorax phantom without tumor motion and with a sinusoidal tumor motion. The two conformal fields were delivered with and without portal image guided DMLC tracking based on an embedded gold marker. The target dose distribution was measured with a radiochromic film in the moving rod and compared with the reconstructed doses using gamma tests. Results: Considerable interplay effects between machine motion and target motion were observed for the treatments without tracking. For nontracking experiments, the mean 2 mm/2% gamma pass rate over all investigated scenarios was 99.6% between calculated and measured doses. For tracking experiments, the mean gamma pass rate was 99.4%. Conclusions: A method for accurate dose reconstruction for moving targets with dynamic treatments was developed and experimentally validated in a variety of delivery scenarios. The method is suitable for integration into TPSs, e.g., for reconstruction of the dose delivered to moving tumors or calculation of target doses delivered with DMLC tracking.

Rugaard Poulsen, Per; Lykkegaard Schmidt, Mai; Keall, Paul; Schjodt Worm, Esben; Fledelius, Walther; Hoffmann, Lone [Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, Norrebrogade 44, 8000 Aarhus C, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, 8200 Aarhus N (Denmark); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Radiation Physics Laboratory, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, Norrebrogade 44, 8000 Aarhus C, Department of Medical Physics, Aarhus University Hospital, Norrebrogade 44, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, Norrebrogade 44, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Department of Medical Physics, Aarhus University Hospital, Norrebrogade 44, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

SWITCHING TRANSMITTER POSITIONING OF SYNCHROS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transformer apparatus is designed for effecting the step positioning of synchro motors. The apparatus is provided with ganged switches and pre- selected contacts to permit the units and tens selection of the desired angular position for the synchro motor rotor with only the movement of two selector knobs required. With the selection thus made, the appropriate pre-selected signal is delivered to the synchro motor for positioning the rotor of the latter as selected. The transformer apparatus is divided into smaller arrangements to conform with coraputed trigonometric relations which will give the desired results. (AEC)

Wolff, H.

1962-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

114

Relativistic Positioning Systems: current status  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A {\\em relativistic positioning system} consists in a set of four clocks broadcasting their respective proper time by means of light signals. Among them, the more important ones are the {\\em auto-located positioning systems,} in which every clock broadcasts not only its proper time but also the proper times that it receives from the other three. At this level, no reference to any exterior system (the Earth surface, for example) and no synchronization are needed. The current status of the theory of relativistic positioning systems is sketched.

Bartolomé Coll; Joan J. Ferrando; Juan A. Morales-Lladosa

2009-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

115

Positive Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Positive Energy Positive Energy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Positive Energy Name Positive Energy Address 3201 Calle Marie Place Santa Fe, New Mexico Zip 87507 Sector Solar Product Renewable energy products and services Phone number 505-424-1112 Website http://positiveenergysolar.net Coordinates 35.6869752°, -105.937799° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.6869752,"lon":-105.937799,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

116

International Potato Center POSITION ANNOUNCEMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Potato Center POSITION ANNOUNCEMENT Ref.: 10-35/PDG/IRS/HQ Post ­Doctoral Appointment, Peru. The Center: CIP is a not-for-profit international agricultural research organization

Wang, Z. Jane

117

ANNOUNCEMENT NUCLEAR ENGINEERING FACULTY POSITION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

safeguards, radiation interaction with materials including human tissue, nuclear fuels performance at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) is seeking qualified individuals for a Tenure Track faculty position instrumentation & controls, monitoring and diagnostics, reactor dynamics, nuclear security, nuclear materials

Tennessee, University of

118

The Position of the Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The appearance of a surface depends dramatically on how it is illuminated. In order to interpret properly satellite and aerial imagery, it is necessary to know the position of the sun in the sky. This is particularly ...

Horn, Berthold K.P.

119

Reconstruction of modified gravity with ghost dark energy models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we reconstruct the $f(R)$ modified gravity for different ghost and generalized ghost dark energy models in FRW flat universe, which describe the accelerated expansion of the universe. The equation of state of reconstructed $f(R)$ - gravity has been calculated. We show that the corresponding $f(R)$ gravity of ghost dark energy model can behave like phantom or quintessence. We also show that the equation of state of reconstructed $f(R)$ gravity for generalized ghost model can transit from quintessence regime to the phantom regime as indicated by recent observations.

Khodam-Mohammadi, A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Heuristic optimization in penumbral image for high resolution reconstructed image  

SciTech Connect

Penumbral imaging is a technique which uses the fact that spatial information can be recovered from the shadow or penumbra that an unknown source casts through a simple large circular aperture. The size of the penumbral image on the detector can be mathematically determined as its aperture size, object size, and magnification. Conventional reconstruction methods are very sensitive to noise. On the other hand, the heuristic reconstruction method is very tolerant of noise. However, the aperture size influences the accuracy and resolution of the reconstructed image. In this article, we propose the optimization of the aperture size for the neutron penumbral imaging.

Azuma, R.; Nozaki, S. [Transdisciplinary Research Organization for Subtropics and Island Studies, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa 903-0213 (Japan); Fujioka, S. [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Chen, Y. W. [College of Information Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, Shiga 525-8577 (Japan); Namihira, Y. [Faculty of Engineering, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa 903-0213 (Japan)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Reconstruction of ECG signals in presence of corruption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an approach to identifying and reconstructing corrupted regions in a multi-parameter physiological signal. The method, which uses information in correlated signals, is specifically designed to preserve clinically ...

Ganeshapillai, Gartheeban

122

Multimodel Ensemble Reconstruction of Drought over the Continental United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retrospectively simulated soil moisture from an ensemble of six land surface/hydrological models was used to reconstruct drought events over the continental United States for the period 1920–2003. The simulations were performed at one-half-degree ...

Aihui Wang; Theodore J. Bohn; Sarith P. Mahanama; Randal D. Koster; Dennis P. Lettenmaier

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Reconstructing $f(R,T)$ gravity from holographic dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We numerically reconstruct those $f(R,T)$ theories of gravity (where $T$ is the trace of the energy-momentum tensor) which are able to reproduce holographic dark energy models.

Houndjo, M J S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Nonstationary Australasian Teleconnections and Implications for Paleoclimate Reconstructions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The stationarity of relationships between local and remote climates is a necessary, yet implicit, assumption underlying many paleoclimate reconstructions. However, the assumption is tenuous for many seasonal relationships between interannual ...

Ailie J. E. Gallant; Steven J. Phipps; David J. Karoly; A. Brett Mullan; Andrew M. Lorrey

125

Discrete multi-material interface reconstruction for volume fraction data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Material interface reconstruction (MIR) is the task of constructing boundary interfaces between regions of homogeneous material, while satisfying volume constraints, over a structured or unstructured spatial domain. In this paper, we present a discrete ...

J. C. Anderson; C. Garth; M. A. Duchaineau; K. I. Joy

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Simple reconstruction of binary near-perfect phylogenetic trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of reconstructing near-perfect phylogenetic trees using binary character states (referred to as BNPP). A perfect phylogeny assumes that every character mutates at most once in the evolutionary tree, yielding an algorithm for binary ...

Srinath Sridhar; Kedar Dhamdhere; Guy E. Blelloch; Eran Halperin; R. Ravi; Russell Schwartz

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Systems description of measurement and reconstruction of microgrid polarimeters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a recent paper we developed a formal theory of demodulation for polarimeters with arbitrary modulation schemes. This theory provides a framework for artifact free reconstruction of polarimetric data provided a band limited scene. Here we apply that ...

Charles LaCasse; Tyson Ririe; Russell Chipman; J. Scott Tyo

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Assimilation of Time-averaged Pseudoproxies for Climate Reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the efficacy of a novel ensemble data assimilation (DA) technique in climate field reconstruction (CFR) of surface temperature. We employ a minimalistic, computationally inexpensive DA technique that requires only a static ensemble of ...

Nathan J. Steiger; Gregory J. Hakim; Eric J. Steig; David S. Battisti; Gerard H. Roe

129

P-adic Reconstruction of Rational Numbers - Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P-adic Reconstruction of Rational Numbers. Paul S. Wang*. Kent State University . Department of Mathematical Sciences. Kent. Ohio U.S.A.. 44242. M.J.T. Guy.

130

CAT reconstruction and potting comparison of a LMFBR fuel bundle  

SciTech Connect

A standard Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) subassembly used in the Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) was investigated, by remote techniques, for fuel bundle distortion by both nondestructive and destructive methods, and the results from both methods were compared. The non-destructive method employed neutron tomography to reconstruct the locations of fuel elements through the use of a maximum entropy reconstruction algorithm known as MENT. The destructive method consisted of ''potting'' (a technique that embeds and permanently fixes the fuel elements in a solid matrix) the subassembly, and then cutting and polishing the individual sections. The comparison indicated that the tomography reconstruction provided good results in describing the bundle geometry and spacer-wire locations, with the overall resolution being on the order of a spacer-wire diameter. A dimensional consistency check indicated that the element and spacer-wire dimensions were accurately reproduced in the reconstruction.

Betten, P.R.; Tow, D.M.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Reconstruction dynamics of recorded holograms in photochromic glass  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the dynamics of the record-erase process of holograms in photochromic glass using continuum Nd:YVO{sub 4} laser radiation ({lambda}=532 nm). A bidimensional microgrid pattern was formed and visualized in photochromic glass, and its diffraction efficiency decay versus time (during reconstruction step) gave us information (D, {Delta}n) about the diffusion process inside the material. The recording and reconstruction processes were carried out in an off-axis setup, and the images of the reconstructed object were recorded by a CCD camera. Measurements realized on reconstructed object images using holograms recorded at a different incident power laser have shown a two-stage process involved in silver atom kinetics.

Mihailescu, Mona; Pavel, Eugen; Nicolae, Vasile B.

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

132

Least Squares Reconstruction of Doppler Radar Spectra for Irregular PRT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A least squares method for the reconstruction of Doppler spectra of weather radars with irregular pulse repetition time used to increase the range of unambiguous velocity is presented and evaluated. This method is a robust spectral method that is ...

John Kalogiros

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Climate Field Reconstruction under Stationary and Nonstationary Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fidelity of climate reconstructions employing covariance-based calibration techniques is tested with varying levels of sparseness of available data during intervals of relatively constant (stationary) and increasing (nonstationary) forcing. ...

S. Rutherford; M. E. Mann; T. L. Delworth; R. J. Stouffer

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Electron and Photon Reconstruction and Identification with the ATLAS Detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The status of the reconstruction and identification of electrons and photons in the ATLAS detector is presented. Electrons and photons are crucial for both a thorough understanding of the detector and physics studies. An electrons identification efficiency of 64% can be reached for a jet rejection of 10^5. The electromagnetic energy scale can be estimated with a permil accuracy. The reconstruction process is described along with the identification and calibration techniques developed to obtain the required performance.

Turlay, E

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Multi-position photovoltaic assembly  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The invention is directed to a PV assembly, for use on a support surface, comprising a base, a PV module, a multi-position module support assembly, securing the module to the base at shipping and inclined-use angles, a deflector, a multi-position deflector support securing the deflector to the base at deflector shipping and deflector inclined-use angles, the module and deflector having opposed edges defining a gap therebetween. The invention permits transport of the PV assemblies in a relatively compact form, thus lowering shipping costs, while facilitating installation of the PV assemblies with the PV module at the proper inclination.

Dinwoodie, Thomas L. (Piedmont, CA)

2003-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

136

A Bayesian Algorithm for Reconstructing Climate Anomalies in Space and Time. Part I: Development and Applications to Paleoclimate Reconstruction Problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reconstructing the spatial pattern of a climate field through time from a dataset of overlapping instrumental and climate proxy time series is a nontrivial statistical problem. The need to transform the proxy observations into estimates of the ...

Martin P. Tingley; Peter Huybers

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Renewable Energy Positioning System: Energy Positioning: Control and Economics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GENI Project: The University of Washington and the University of Michigan are developing an integrated system to match well-positioned energy storage facilities with precise control technologies so the electric grid can more easily include energy from renewable power sources like wind and solar. Because renewable energy sources provide intermittent power, it is difficult for the grid to efficiently allocate those resources without developing solutions to store their energy for later use. The two universities are working with utilities, regulators, and the private sector to position renewable energy storage facilities in locations that optimize their ability to provide and transmit electricity where and when it is needed most. Expanding the network of transmission lines is prohibitively expensive, so combining well-placed storage facilities with robust control systems to efficiently route their power will save consumers money and enable the widespread use of safe, renewable sources of power.

None

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Position and orientation tracking system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A position and orientation tracking system presents a laser scanning appaus having two measurement pods, a control station, and a detector array. The measurement pods can be mounted in the dome of a radioactive waste storage silo. Each measurement pod includes dual orthogonal laser scanner subsystems. The first laser scanner subsystem is oriented to emit a first line laser in the pan direction. The second laser scanner is oriented to emit a second line laser in the tilt direction. Both emitted line lasers scan planes across the radioactive waste surface to encounter the detector array mounted on a target robotic vehicle. The angles of incidence of the planes with the detector array are recorded by the control station. Combining measurements describing each of the four planes provides data for a closed form solution of the algebraic transform describing the position and orientation of the target robotic vehicle.

Burks, Barry L. (Oak Ridge, TN); DePiero, Fred W. (Knoxville, TN); Armstrong, Gary A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Jansen, John F. (Knoxville, TN); Muller, Richard C. (Oak Ridge, TN); Gee, Timothy F. (Riceville, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Position and orientation tracking system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A position and orientation tracking system presents a laser scanning apparatus having two measurement pods, a control station, and a detector array. The measurement pods can be mounted in the dome of a radioactive waste storage silo. Each measurement pod includes dual orthogonal laser scanner subsystems. The first laser scanner subsystem is oriented to emit a first line laser in the pan direction. The second laser scanner is oriented to emit a second line laser in the tilt direction. Both emitted line lasers scan planes across the radioactive waste surface to encounter the detector array mounted on a target robotic vehicle. The angles of incidence of the planes with the detector array are recorded by the control station. Combining measurements describing each of the four planes provides data for a closed form solution of the algebraic transform describing the position and orientation of the target robotic vehicle. 14 figs.

Burks, B.L.; DePiero, F.W.; Armstrong, G.A.; Jansen, J.F.; Muller, R.C.; Gee, T.F.

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

140

Position sensing by charge division  

SciTech Connect

A summary of a comprehensive analysis of theoretical and practical aspects of position sensing by charge division from resistive electrodes is presented. Properties of transformer decoupling of the resistive electrode from detector bias voltage are analyzed and compared to the usual capacitive decoupling methods. Optimization and limitiation of signal shaping is discussed as a function of diffusion time constant, signal rise times, and notes. (auth)

Alberi, J.L.; Radeka, V.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) (Redirected from European Bank for Reconstruction and Development) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Name European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Address EBRD One Exchange Square Place London, United Kingdom Year founded 1991 Phone number 44 20 7338 6000 Website http://www.ebrd.com/ Coordinates 51.5760683°, 0.18155° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.5760683,"lon":0.18155,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

142

Information field theory for cosmological perturbation reconstruction and nonlinear signal analysis  

SciTech Connect

We develop information field theory (IFT) as a means of Bayesian inference on spatially distributed signals, the information fields. A didactical approach is attempted. Starting from general considerations on the nature of measurements, signals, noise, and their relation to a physical reality, we derive the information Hamiltonian, the source field, propagator, and interaction terms. Free IFT reproduces the well-known Wiener-filter theory. Interacting IFT can be diagrammatically expanded, for which we provide the Feynman rules in position-, Fourier-, and spherical-harmonics space, and the Boltzmann-Shannon information measure. The theory should be applicable in many fields. However, here, two cosmological signal recovery problems are discussed in their IFT formulation. (1) Reconstruction of the cosmic large-scale structure matter distribution from discrete galaxy counts in incomplete galaxy surveys within a simple model of galaxy formation. We show that a Gaussian signal, which should resemble the initial density perturbations of the Universe, observed with a strongly nonlinear, incomplete and Poissonian-noise affected response, as the processes of structure and galaxy formation and observations provide, can be reconstructed thanks to the virtue of a response-renormalization flow equation. (2) We design a filter to detect local nonlinearities in the cosmic microwave background, which are predicted from some early-Universe inflationary scenarios, and expected due to measurement imperfections. This filter is the optimal Bayes' estimator up to linear order in the nonlinearity parameter and can be used even to construct sky maps of nonlinearities in the data.

Ensslin, Torsten A.; Frommert, Mona; Kitaura, Francisco S. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 1, 85741 Garching (Germany)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

MENT reconstruction and potting comparison of a LMFBR fuel bundle  

SciTech Connect

Since the advent of computer-assisted-tomography (CAT), the CAT techniques have been rapidly expanded to the nuclear industry. A number of investigators have applied these techniques to reconstruct the fuel bundle configuration inside a subassembly with various degrees of resolution; however, there has been little data available on the accuracy of these reconstructions, and no comparisons have been made with the internal structure of actual irradiated subassemblies. Some efforts have utilized pretest mock-ups to calibrate the CAT algorithms, but the resulting mock-up configurations do not necessarily represent an actual subassembly, so an exact comparison has been lacking. The purpose of this paper is to present the results of a comparison between a CAT reconstruction of an irradiated subassembly and the destructive examination of the same subassembly.

Betten, P.R.; Tow, D.M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

FORCE RECONSTRUCTION USING THE SUM OF WEIGHTED ACCELERATIONS  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

i i FORCE RECONSTRUCTION USING THE SUM OF WEIGHTED ACCELERATIONS TECHNIQUE - _-FUkT PRt_EOURE Thomas G. Came, Randy L. Mayas and Vesta I. Bateman .... _ i_ _ :!_ Sandia NationalLaboratories _. .... Albuquerque, NewMexico87185, USA ' _ i_ _ / ABSTRACT important design consideration. This would include payloador satelliteloads duringrocket launches[3]. Force reconstruction is a procedure in which the externally applied force is inferred from measured An applicationthat will be discussed as part of this structuralresponse ratherthan directlymeasured. In paper is the impact into a rigid barrier of a weapon a recently developed technique, the response system with an energy-absorbing nose. The nose acceleration time-histories are multiplied by scalar had been designed to absorb the energy of impact weights and summed to produce the reconstructed and to mitigate the shock to the

145

Positional Games on Random Graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce and study Maker/Breaker-type positional games on random graphs. Our main concern is to determine the threshold probability pF for the existence of Maker's strategy to claim a member of in the unbiased game played on the edges of random graph G(n, p), for various target families of winning sets. More generally, for each probability above this threshold we study the smallest bias b such that Maker wins the (1: b) biased game. We investigate these functions for a number of basic games, like the connectivity game, the perfect matching game, the clique game and the Hamiltonian cycle game.

Milos Stojakovic; Tibor Szabo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Diffraction encoded position measuring apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

When a lightwave passes through a transmission grating, diffracted beams appear at the output or opposite side of the grating that are effectively Doppler shifted in frequency (phase) whereby a detector system can compare the phase of the zero order and higher order beams to obtain an indication of position. Multiple passes through the grating increase resolution for a given wavelength of a laser signal. The resolution can be improved further by using a smaller wavelength laser to generate the grating itself. Since the grating must only have a pitch sufficient to produce diffracted orders, inexpensive, ultraviolet wavelength lasers can be utilized and still obtain high resolution detection. 3 figures.

Tansey, R.J.

1991-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

147

Nuclear Fuel Recycling Position Statement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The American Nuclear Society believes that if the world is to provide sufficient energy to meet the demands of a growing population and improved standards of living in the 21 st century, nuclear energy will play a substantial role. Nuclear energy is a proven technology that will be part of the mix of technologies used by future generations due to its enormous energy potential with near-zero emissions of greenhouse gases (see related Position Statement 44). Alternative energy sources by themselves will be insufficient to meet these needs during this period of rapidly increasing energy demand. Nuclear fuel recycling, which involves separating the uranium and plutonium from spent nuclear fuel for reuse in the fabrication of new fuel (see Position Statement 47), has the potential to reclaim most of the unused energy in spent fuel. It is a proven alternative to current U.S. policy of direct disposal of spent fuel in a geological repository, which throws away the fuel’s remaining energy content. Recycling of nuclear fuel in other countries with proper safeguards and material controls (see related Position Statement 55) under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has demonstrated the viability of high level waste volume reduction and energy resource conservation. Transitioning to a recycle policy in an era of expanded nuclear deployment will enhance resource utilization, radioactive waste management, and safeguards. Additional research and development 1 are needed to address the issue of cost and to further enhance the safeguards and safety of the various processes that are required. Such research is also needed to secure the U.S. position as a leader in nuclear technology and global nuclear materials stewardship. Therefore, the American Nuclear Society endorses the following: U.S. policy that allows an orderly transition to nuclear fuel recycling in parallel with the development of the high level waste repository, Yucca Mountain, in a manner that would enhance the repository’s efficiency; further research and development of recycle options to ensure a secure and sustainable energy future with reduced proliferation risks.

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Method for image reconstruction of moving radionuclide source distribution  

SciTech Connect

A method for image reconstruction of moving radionuclide distributions. Its particular embodiment is for single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging of awake animals, though its techniques are general enough to be applied to other moving radionuclide distributions as well. The invention eliminates motion and blurring artifacts for image reconstructions of moving source distributions. This opens new avenues in the area of small animal brain imaging with radiotracers, which can now be performed without the perturbing influences of anesthesia or physical restraint on the biological system.

Stolin, Alexander V.; McKisson, John E.; Lee, Seung Joon; Smith, Mark Frederick

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

149

Thermally Activated Stripe Reconstruction Induced by O on Nb (011)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report scanning tunneling microscopy and low energy electron microscopy (LEEM) observations for thin films of Nb (011) of stripe-phase behavior by two variants of an O-induced reconstruction. Stripes occur for thin films but not bulk crystals. At low temperatures the less-favored variant is thermally activated as single stripes on surface heterogeneities. Near T{sub 0}=1505 K , where the reconstruction is lifted, the stripes crowd to form a periodic array with a temperature dependent spacing. LEEM permits quantitative insight into stripe behavior and reveals novel details of stripes interacting with topographic features such as steps, facets, and dislocations.

Ondrejcek, M.; Appleton, R. S.; Swiech, W.; Petrova, V. L.; Flynn, C. P.

2001-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

150

Spatial emission tomography reconstruction using Pitman-Yor process  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we address the problem of emission tomography spatial reconstruction in three dimensions following a Bayesian nonparametric approach. Our model makes use of a generalization of the Dirichlet process called Pitman-Yor process. The problem in this approach is to deal with the infinite representation of the distribution in the inference. So we propose an efficient Markov Chain Monte-Carlo sampling scheme which is able to generate samples from the posterior distribution of the activity distribution. An application to 3D-PET reconstruction is presented.

Fall, Mame Diarra; Mohammad-Djafari, Ali [L2S, Supelec, 3 rue Joliot-Curie, F-91192 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex (France); Barat, Eric [CEA-LIST, LPSS, CEA-Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Comtat, Claude [SHFJ, CEA/DSV/I2BM, F-91401 Orsay (France)

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

151

New designs in the reconstruction of coke-sorting systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent Giprokoks designs for the reconstruction of coke-sorting systems, high-productivity vibrational-inertial screens have been employed. This permits single-stage screening and reduction in capital and especially operating expenditures, without loss of coke quality. In two-stage screening, >80 mm coke (for foundry needs) is additionally separated, with significant improvement in quality of the metallurgical coke (25-80 mm). New designs for the reconstruction of coke-sorting systems employ mechanical treatment of the coke outside the furnace, which offers new scope for stabilization of coke quality and permits considerable improvement in mechanical strength and granulometric composition of the coke by mechanical crushing.

A.S. Larin; V.V. Demenko; V.L. Voitanik [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

152

Microsoft Word - position.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Director Director Lawrence L ivermore N ational L aboratory The University of California and Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (LLNS) invite nominations and applications for the position of Director of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (www.llnl.gov). LLNL is a national security laboratory managed by LLNS for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). The Laboratory was e stablished i n 1 952 a nd i s l ocated 4 9 m iles s outheast o f S an F rancisco i n L ivermore, C alif. LLNS is a limited liability company, the members of which include the University of California, Bechtel N ational, I nc., B WX T echnologies, I nc., a nd U RS E nergy & C onstruction, I nc. T he L aboratory Director is the President of the LLC, reports

153

A new approach to long-term reconstruction of the solar irradiance leads to large historical solar forcing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The variable Sun is the most likely candidate for natural forcing of past climate change on time scales of 50 to 1000 years. Evidence for this understanding is that the terrestrial climate correlates positively with solar activity. During the past 10,000 years, the Sun has experienced substantial variations in activity and there have been numerous attempts to reconstruct solar irradiance. While there is general agreement on how solar forcing varied during the last several hundred years --- all reconstructions are proportional to the solar activity --- there is scientific controversy on the magnitude of solar forcing. We present a reconstruction of the Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance covering 130 nm--10 $\\mu$m from 1610 to the present with annual resolution and for the Holocene with 22-year resolution. We assume that the minimum state of the quiet Sun in time corresponds to the observed quietest area on the present Sun. Then we use available long-term proxies of the solar activity, which are $^{10}$Be isot...

Shapiro, A I; Rozanov, E; Schoell, M; Haberreiter, M; Shapiro, A V; Nyeki, S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Name European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Address EBRD One Exchange Square Place London, United Kingdom Year founded 1991 Phone number 44 20 7338 6000 Website http://www.ebrd.com/ Coordinates 51.5760683°, 0.18155° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.5760683,"lon":0.18155,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

155

Reconstruction of steam turbine blade twisted based on NURBS surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NURBS (Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline) is the most popular mathematical descriptor for surface modeling. To construct steam turbine blade efficiently and accurately, 2´3 NURBS was obtained to fitted blade surface as its cross-section is different tangent ... Keywords: steam turbine blade, surface modeling, NURBS surfac, reconstruction

Yue Ying; Wang Zhangqi; Han Qingyao

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Errors and Uncertainties in Dose Reconstruction for Radiation Effects Research  

SciTech Connect

Dose reconstruction for studies of the health effects of ionizing radiation have been carried out for many decades. Major studies have included Japanese bomb survivors, atomic veterans, downwinders of the Nevada Test Site and Hanford, underground uranium miners, and populations of nuclear workers. For such studies to be credible, significant effort must be put into applying the best science to reconstructing unbiased absorbed doses to tissues and organs as a function of time. In many cases, more and more sophisticated dose reconstruction methods have been developed as studies progressed. For the example of the Japanese bomb survivors, the dose surrogate “distance from the hypocenter” was replaced by slant range, and then by TD65 doses, DS86 doses, and more recently DS02 doses. Over the years, it has become increasingly clear that an equal level of effort must be expended on the quantitative assessment of uncertainty in such doses, and to reducing and managing uncertainty. In this context, this paper reviews difficulties in terminology, explores the nature of Berkson and classical uncertainties in dose reconstruction through examples, and proposes a path forward for Joint Coordinating Committee for Radiation Effects Research (JCCRER) Project 2.4 that requires a reasonably small level of effort for DOSES-2008.

Strom, Daniel J.

2008-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

157

Iterative maximum-likelihood reconstruction in quantum homodyne tomography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I propose an iterative expectation maximization algorithm for reconstructing a quantum optical ensemble from a set of balanced homodyne measurements performed on an optical state. The algorithm applies directly to the acquired data, bypassing the intermediate step of calculating marginal distributions. The advantages of the new method are made manifest by comparing it with the traditional inverse Radon transformation technique.

A. I. Lvovsky

2003-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

158

Fast nonconvex nonsmooth minimization methods for image restoration and reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nonconvex nonsmooth regularization has advantages over convex regularization for restoring images with neat edges. However, its practical interest used to be limited by the difficulty of the computational stage which requires a nonconvex nonsmooth minimization. ... Keywords: continuation methods, fast fourier transform, global minimization, image reconstruction, image restoration, nonconvex nonsmooth, nonconvex nonsmooth regularization, total variation.

Mila Nikolova; Michael K. Ng; Chi-Pan Tam

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Iterative Methods for Image Reconstruction Jeffrey A. Fessler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

detectors, the goal is to reconstruct the attenuation map µ(x) from transmission measurements {yi} nd i=1 BPF Gridding ... ART MART SMART ... Squares Least ISRA ... CG CD Algebraic Statistical ANALYTICAL and transmission tomography (Rockmore and Macovski, TNS, 1976, 1977) · Expectation-maximization (EM) algorithms

Fessler, Jeffrey A.

160

Volumetric Geometry Reconstruction of Turbine Blades for Aircraft Engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Volumetric Geometry Reconstruction of Turbine Blades for Aircraft Engines David GroÃ?mann1 and Bert-spline parametrization of turbine blades from measurement data generated by optical scanners. This new representation elements. We focus on the industrial applicability of the framework, by using standard turbine blade

Jüttler, Bert

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Potomac River Streamflow Since 1730 as Reconstructed by Tree Rings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 248-year reconstruction of the low-flow (July, August and September) period of the Potomac River indicates that the prolonged drought of the 1960s may have been the most severe since 1730. However, there appear to have been several long periods ...

Edward R. Cook; Gordon C. Jacoby

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Free energy reconstruction from nonequilibrium single-molecule pulling experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free energy reconstruction from nonequilibrium single-molecule pulling experiments Gerhard Hummer also drives the system away from equilibrium. Nevertheless, we show how equilibrium free energy of an extension of Jarzynski's remarkable identity between free energies and the irreversible work. Recent

Weeks, Eric R.

163

Event Reconstruction for Many-core Architectures using Java  

SciTech Connect

Although Moore's Law remains technically valid, the performance enhancements in computing which traditionally resulted from increased CPU speeds ended years ago. Chip manufacturers have chosen to increase the number of core CPUs per chip instead of increasing clock speed. Unfortunately, these extra CPUs do not automatically result in improvements in simulation or reconstruction times. To take advantage of this extra computing power requires changing how software is written. Event reconstruction is globally serial, in the sense that raw data has to be unpacked first, channels have to be clustered to produce hits before those hits are identified as belonging to a track or shower, tracks have to be found and fit before they are vertexed, etc. However, many of the individual procedures along the reconstruction chain are intrinsically independent and are perfect candidates for optimization using multi-core architecture. Threading is perhaps the simplest approach to parallelizing a program and Java includes a powerful threading facility built into the language. We have developed a fast and flexible reconstruction package (org.lcsim) written in Java that has been used for numerous physics and detector optimization studies. In this paper we present the results of our studies on optimizing the performance of this toolkit using multiple threads on many-core architectures.

Graf, Norman A.; /SLAC

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

164

Inverse problem of time-dependent heat sources numerical reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: This work studies the inverse problem of reconstructing a time-dependent heat source in the heat conduction equation using the temperature measurement specified at an internal point. Problems of this type have important applications in several ... Keywords: 35R30, 49J20, Green function, Heat source, Inverse problem, Landweber iteration, Numerical results

Liu Yang; Mehdi Dehghan; Jian-Ning Yu; Guan-Wei Luo

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Prediction of Tropical Rainfall by Local Phase Space Reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors propose a weather prediction model based on a local reconstruction of the dynamics in phase space, using an 11-year dataset from Tlaxcala, Mexico. A vector in phase space corresponds to T consecutive days of data; the best predictions ...

H. Waelbroeck; R. López-Pen?a; T. Morales; F. Zertuche

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Image reconstruction for two-color microgrid polarimetric imagers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Fourier domain method for reconstructing passive Stokes imagery from a two-color microgrid polarization imager is presented in this paper. This new filter-based technique is designed to avoid aliased spectrum content caused by sampling in a checkerboard ...

Daniel A. LeMaster

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Reconstructing f(R) theory according to holographic dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a connection between the holographic dark energy model and the $f(R)$ theory is established. We treat the $f(R)$ theory as an effective description for the holographic dark energy and reconstruct the function $f(R)$ with the parameter $c>1$, $c=1$ and $cR)$ theory, especially for the future evolution.

Xing Wu; Zong-Hong Zhu

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

168

A camcorder for 3D underwater reconstruction of archeological objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A camcorder for 3D underwater reconstruction of archeological objects A. Meline1 , J. Triboulet1 Cedex 5, France 2 Université de Nîmes, Place Gabriele Péri, 30021 Nîmes, France Abstract- The underwater cartography has made great progress in the last decade. In this paper, we discuss of the 3D underwater

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

169

Very realistic graphics for visualising archaeological site reconstructions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent developments in computer graphics are providing powerful tools for modelling multidimensional aspects of data gathered by archaeologists. Computer graphics techniques can now be used to reconstruct and visualise features of a site which may otherwise ... Keywords: archaeology, global illumination, very realistic rendering, visual perception

Alan Chalmers

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Texas Drought History Reconstructed and Analyzed from 1698 to 1980  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A selected group of nine climate-sensitive tree-ring chronologies from old post oak trees are used to reconstruct the June Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) from 1698 to 1980 for two large regions in northern and southern Texas. Analysis of ...

David W. Stahle; Malcolm K. Cleaveland

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Positive mood induction and well being  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this study is to test the role of consecutive positive mood induction virtual procedures on satisfaction of life of people with subclinical levels of sadness and/or anxiety. This is a work in progress and positive effects of mood induction ... Keywords: mood induction procedures, positive emotions, positive psychology, virtual reality

R. Baños; G. García-Soriano; C. Botella; E. Oliver; E. Etchemendy; J. Bretón; M. Alcañiz

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Comments on “Testing the Fidelity of Methods Used in Proxy-Based Reconstructions of Past Climate”  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mann et el. found that a version of the Regularized Expectation Maximization (RegEM) method to reconstruct the temperatures of the last millennium showed similar results to previous reconstructions in one of their earlier papers. They also tested ...

Eduardo Zorita; Fidel Gonzalez-Rouco; Hans von Storch

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

NIBART: A New Interval Based Algebraic Reconstruction Technique for Error Quantification of Emission Tomography Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a new algebraic method for reconstructing emission tomography images. This approach is mostly an interval extension of the conventional SIRT algorithm. One of the main characteristic of our approach is that the reconstructed activity ...

Olivier Strauss; Abdelkabir Lahrech; Agnès Rico; Denis Mariano-Goulart; Benoît Telle

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Tree-Ring Density Reconstructions of Summer Temperature Patterns across Western North America since 1600  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Summer half-year (April-September) mean temperatures are reconstructed across western North America between 1600 and 1982. The reconstructions, ultimately in the form of gridpoint anomaly time series, are produced using a principal-components ...

K. R. Briffa; P. D. Jones; F. H. Schweingruber

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

The Case for Fewer Cases in Pre-Chukotko-Kamchatkan: Grammaticalization and Semantics in Internal Reconstruction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work internally reconstructs the case system of Pre-Chukotko-Kamchatkan from the comparative reconstruction of Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan. Using the comparative and etymological dictionaries by Fortescue (2005), Mudrak… (more)

Wdzenczny, Dibella

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

A Surrogate Ensemble Study of Climate Reconstruction Methods: Stochasticity and Robustness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reconstruction of the earth’s surface temperature from proxy data is an important task because of the need to compare recent changes with past variability. However, the statistical properties and robustness of climate reconstruction methods are ...

Bo Christiansen; T. Schmith; P. Thejll

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Reconstruction and Simulation of Stratospheric Ozone Distributions during the 2002 Austral Winter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite-based solar occultation measurements during the 2002 austral winter have been used to reconstruct global, three-dimensional ozone distributions. The reconstruction method uses correlations between potential vorticity and ozone to derive ...

C. E. Randall; G. L. Manney; D. R. Allen; R. M. Bevilacqua; J. Hornstein; C. Trepte; W. Lahoz; J. Ajtic; G. Bodeker

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

A 431-Yr Reconstruction of Western Colorado Snowpack from Tree Rings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tree-ring-based reconstruction for 1 April snow water equivalent (SWE) is generated for the Gunnison River basin region in western Colorado. The reconstruction explains 63% of the variance in the instrumental record and extends from 1569 to ...

Connie A. Woodhouse

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Reconstructing Millennial-Scale, Regional Paleoclimates of Boreal Canada during the Holocene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional paleoclimate reconstructions for northern Canada quantify Holocene climate variability on orbital and millennial time scales and provide a context to better understand the current global warming. The reconstructions are based on ...

A. E. Viau; K. Gajewski

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Current developments at Giprokoks for coke-battery construction and reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approaches developed at Giprokoks for coke-battery construction and reconstruction are considered. Recommendations regarding furnace construction and reconstruction are made on the basis of Ukrainian and world experience.

V.I. Rudyka; Y.E. Zingerman; V.B. Kamenyuka; O.N. Surenskii; G.E. Kos'kova; V.V. Derevich; V.A. Gushchin [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A Beta-Particle Hodoscope Constructed Using Scintillating Optical Fibers and Position Sensitive Photomultiplier Tubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hodoscopic detector was constructed using a position-sensitive plastic scintillator active area to determine the location of beta-active micron-sized particulates on air filters. The ability to locate beta active particulates on airsample filters is a tool for environmental monitoring of anthropogenic production of radioactive material. A robust, field-deployable instrument can provide localization of radioactive particulate with position resolution of a few millimeters. The detector employs a novel configuration of scintillating plastic elements usually employed at much higher charged particle energies. A filter is placed on this element for assay. The detector is intended to be sensitive to activity greater than 1 Bq. The physical design, position reconstruction method, and expected detector sensitivity are reported.

Orrell, John L.; Aalseth, Craig E.; Day, Anthony R.; Fast, Jim; Hossbach, Todd W.; Lidey, Lance S.; Ripplinger, Mike D.; Schrom, Brian T.

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

182

Outlook positive over long term  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The trends established in 1987 will be very important in reestablishing some level of confidence in future price expectations. The authors expect prices to fluctuate widely in the coming year as OPEC makes and breaks various production quota agreements. Continued price instability will certainly all but negate short term marginally economic exploration and development prospects. Utilization rates will suffer accordingly. But on the positive side, the long term outlook is considerably more stable. Rock-bottom prices will increase the demand for cheap oil substantially. We're already seeing world demand figures rise. Increased demand will cause the world's (mainly OPEC's) excess production to be depleted over the next three to five years. Prices will rise slowly in parallel with the decline in excess production capacity over several years. Banking on upward price pressure, financially sound operators with solid cash flow will want to take advantage of low exploration and development costs. Utilization, then, can be expected to follow oil prices in a slow upward spiral over the next three to five years. Next year, the industry should begin to feel the effect of the beginning of that upward trend.

Not Available

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Reconstruction of the Free Energy in the Metastable Region using the Path Ensemble  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reconstruction of the Free Energy in the Metastable Region using the Path Ensemble Armando Ticona which we reconstruct the free energy as a function of the magnetic field, temperature and system size. From the reconstructed free energy, we obtain the free energy barrier that is associated

Heermann, Dieter W.

184

3D primitive reconstruction using the line segment with single image  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a 3-D reconstruction method IBM(image based modeling) of an image that does not contain any camera information. This system adopts a 3D reconstruction method based on a model. Model-based 3D reconstruction recovers an image using ...

Sung-Dong Cho; Seung-Taek Ryoo; Tai-Ho Choi; Kyung-Hyun Yoon

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Solar activity reconstructed over the last 7000 years: The influence of geomagnetic field changes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar activity reconstructed over the last 7000 years: The influence of geomagnetic field changes I activity depends, however, on independently evaluated data of the geomagnetic dipole strength variations to the earlier geomagnetic reconstructions. We have revised the earlier sunspot activity reconstruction since

Usoskin, Ilya G.

186

Other Executive Positions | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Executive Positions | National Nuclear Security Administration Executive Positions | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Other Executive Positions Home > Federal Employment > Our Jobs > Executive Positions > Other Executive Positions Other Executive Positions NNSA seeks highly qualified senior professionals to apply their knowledge,

187

MAH-3 Code: Mixed Cells and Markers to Reconstruct Interfaces  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

MAH-3 Code: Mixed Cells and Markers to Reconstruct Interfaces MAH-3 Code: Mixed Cells and Markers to Reconstruct Interfaces Nina N. Anuchina, Nikolay S. Es'kov, Viatcheslav A. Gordeyhuck, Oleg M. Kozyrev & Vladimir I. Volkov MAH-3 [1, 2] code simulates nonstationary 3D hydrodynamic multi-component flows with strongly distorted interfaces. Following from a priori information, the system to be simulated is presented by a set of computational domains. In each domain, an unstructured hexahedral mesh is used. 1. Anuchina N.N., Volkov V.J., Gordeychuk V.A., Es'kov N.S., Ilytina O.S., Kozurev O.M. Numerical simulation of Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov instability using MAX-3 code. Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, vol. 168 (2004), pp. 11-20. 2. Volkov V.I., Gordeychuk V.A., Es'kov N.S., Kozyrev O.M. Numerical

188

High-Order Surface Reconstruction and its Applications | Argonne Leadership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Order Surface Reconstruction and its Applications High-Order Surface Reconstruction and its Applications Event Sponsor: Mathematics and Computing Science Seminar Start Date: Dec 12 2013 - 10:30am Building/Room: Building 240/Room 4301 Location: Argonne National Laboratory Speaker(s): Navamita Ray Speaker(s) Title: Postdoc Interviewee - MCS Host: Tim Tautges Surface meshes are widely used by many numerical methods for solving partial differential equations. They not only represent computational grids for various discretization methods, but also are numerical objects in themselves. The accuracy of numerical methods, especially high-order methods, are highly dependent on the geometrical accuracy of the mesh as well as on that of differential or integral quantities defined over them. The situation is further complicated if the surface mesh does not have an

189

Misuse of Position | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guidance on the Misuse of Employees' Position Misuse of Position More Documents & Publications Inspection Report: INS-L-11-03 Inspection Report: DOEIG-0888 Audit Report: IG-0606...

190

Non-destructive evaluation means and method of flaw reconstruction utilizing an ultrasonic multi-viewing transducer data acquistion system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-viewing ultrasound transducer acquisition system for non-destructive evaluation, flaw detection and flaw reconstruction in materials. A multiple transducer assembly includes a central transducer surrounded by a plurality of perimeter transducers, each perimeter transducer having an axis of transmission which can be angularly oriented with respect to the axis of transmission of the central transducer to intersect the axis of transmission of the central transducer. A control apparatus automatically and remotely positions the transducer assembly with respect to the material by a positioning apparatus and adjusts the pe GRANT REFERENCE This invention was conceived and reduced to practice at least in part under a grant from the Department of Energy under Contract No. W-7407-ENG-82.

Thompson, Donald O. (Ames, IA); Wormley, Samuel J. (Ames, IA)

1989-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

191

CCpi0 Event Reconstruction at MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect

We describe the development of a fitter to reconstruct {nu}{sub {mu}} induced Charged-Current single {pi}{sup 0} (CC{pi}{sup 0}) events in an oil Cerenkov detector (CH{sub 2}). These events are fit using a generic muon and two photon extended track hypothesis from a common event vertex. The development of ring finding and particle identification are described. Comparisons between data and Monte Carlo are presented for a few kinematic distributions.

Nelson, Robert H.; /Colorado U.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Monthly report, November 1991  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms; environmental transport environmental monitoring data; demographics, agriculture, food habits; environmental pathways and dose estimates.

Finch, S.M.; McMakin, A.H. [comps.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

193

Crack reconstruction using a level-set strategy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a level-set based technique to recover key characteristics of a defect or crack (e.g. location, length and shape) in a two-dimensional material from boundary electrical measurements. The key feature of this work is to extend the usual level-set ... Keywords: 02.30.Zz, 41.20.Cv, 42.30.Wb, Crack reconstruction, Electrical impedance tomography, Level-sets

Diego Álvarez; Oliver Dorn; Natalia Irishina; Miguel Moscoso

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Reduction of Block Artifacts by Selective Removal and Reconstruction of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: We present a new technique for saving data rate and improving the image quality in block-based coders for low-rate video transmission. The concept is based on the fact that blocking artifacts appear in the decoded image. For reducing these artifacts it is necessary to change pixel values near the block edges. By this means transmitted information is cancelled. Our technique excludes pixels around the block edges from transmission. Rows and columns between the blocks are cancelled. These lines are reconstructed in the decoder. The reconstruction acts like a low-pass filter and reduces blocking artifacts. The number of blocks to be transmitted has been diminished by cancelling pixels and data rate is saved while the image quality remains constant. Improvements of this concept have been implemented: The reconstruction of missing rows and columns is performed by subsampling and oversampling filters at the block edges. The motion estimation and compensation is related to the expanded and not to the reduced block grid. We demonstrate the improvement of the image quality for video communication by 64 kbit/s and below. 1.

The Block Borders; Stathis Panis; Robert Kutka; André Kaup

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

An investigation of temporal regularization techniques for dynamic PET reconstructions using temporal splines  

SciTech Connect

The use of a temporal B-spline basis for the reconstruction of dynamic positron emission tomography data was investigated. Maximum likelihood (ML) reconstructions using an expectation maximization framework and maximum A-posteriori (MAP) reconstructions using the generalized expectation maximization framework were evaluated. Different parameters of the B-spline basis of such as order, number of basis functions and knot placing were investigated in a reconstruction task using simulated dynamic list-mode data. We found that a higher order basis reduced both the bias and variance. Using a higher number of basis functions in the modeling of the time activity curves (TACs) allowed the algorithm to model faster changes of the TACs, however, the TACs became noisier. We have compared ML, Gaussian postsmoothed ML and MAP reconstructions. The noise level in the ML reconstructions was controlled by varying the number of basis functions. The MAP algorithm penalized the integrated squared curvature of the reconstructed TAC. The postsmoothed ML was always outperformed in terms of bias and variance properties by the MAP and ML reconstructions. A simple adaptive knot placing strategy was also developed and evaluated. It is based on an arc length redistribution scheme during the reconstruction. The free knot reconstruction allowed a more accurate reconstruction while reducing the noise level especially for fast changing TACs such as blood input functions. Limiting the number of temporal basis functions combined with the adaptive knot placing strategy is in this case advantageous for regularization purposes when compared to the other regularization techniques.

Verhaeghe, Jeroen; D'Asseler, Yves; Vandenberghe, Stefaan; Staelens, Steven; Lemahieu, Ignace [Department of Electronics and Information Systems, Medical Image and Signal Processing Group, Ghent University, Ghent, 9000 (Belgium)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

ERROR COMPENSATOR FOR A POSITION TRANSDUCER  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is designed for eliminating the effect of leadscrew errors in positioning machines in which linear motion of a slide is effected from rotary motion of a leadscrew. This is accomplished by providing a corrector cam mounted on the slide, a cam follower, and a transducer housing rotatable by the follower to compensate for all the reproducible errors in the transducer signal which can be related to the slide position. The transducer has an inner part which is movable with respect to the transducer housing. The transducer inner part is coupled to the means for rotating the leadscrew such that relative movement between this part and its housing will provide an output signal proportional to the position of the slide. The corrector cam and its follower perform the compensation by changing the angular position of the transducer housing by an amount that is a function of the slide position and the error at that position. (AEC)

Fowler, A.H.

1962-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

197

A Nonparametric Bayesian Approach For Emission Tomography Reconstruction  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a PET reconstruction algorithm following a nonparametric Bayesian (NPB) approach. In contrast with Expectation Maximization (EM), the proposed technique does not rely on any space discretization. Namely, the activity distribution--normalized emission intensity of the spatial poisson process--is considered as a spatial probability density and observations are the projections of random emissions whose distribution has to be estimated. This approach is nonparametric in the sense that the quantity of interest belongs to the set of probability measures on R{sup k} (for reconstruction in k-dimensions) and it is Bayesian in the sense that we define a prior directly on this spatial measure. In this context, we propose to model the nonparametric probability density as an infinite mixture of multivariate normal distributions. As a prior for this mixture we consider a Dirichlet Process Mixture (DPM) with a Normal-Inverse Wishart (NIW) model as base distribution of the Dirichlet Process. As in EM-family reconstruction, we use a data augmentation scheme where the set of hidden variables are the emission locations for each observed line of response in the continuous object space. Thanks to the data augmentation, we propose a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm (Gibbs sampler) which is able to generate draws from the posterior distribution of the spatial intensity. A difference with EM is that one step of the Gibbs sampler corresponds to the generation of emission locations while only the expected number of emissions per pixel/voxel is used in EM. Another key difference is that the estimated spatial intensity is a continuous function such that there is no need to compute a projection matrix. Finally, draws from the intensity posterior distribution allow the estimation of posterior functionnals like the variance or confidence intervals. Results are presented for simulated data based on a 2D brain phantom and compared to Bayesian MAP-EM.

Barat, Eric; Dautremer, Thomas [CEA Saclay, Electronics and Signal Processing Laboratory, 91191 Gif sur Yvette (France)

2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

198

Sandia National Laboratories Fluid Interface Position Optical ...  

The fiber optic technology of this Sandia ... absorbed light in the system and calculate the position of the interface between opaque and clear ...

199

Plasma position dynamics of ISX tokamak  

SciTech Connect

Perturbation equations of a tokamak plasma equilibrium position have been developed. Neglecting second and higher order effects, oscillatory high frequency solution is obtained, and an approximated low frequency plasma motion dynamics transfer function is derived. This function allows a manageable study of a tokamak plasma equilibrium position stability and practical syntheses of the associated plasma position feedback control systems. One of the major parameters governing plasma equilibrium position stability of a tokamak is shown to be the vacuum vessel eddy current delay time constant.

Burenko, O.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Nuclear Safety Technical Positions/Interpretations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(OPI) responsible for the development, interpretation, and revision of a number of DOE directives. Technical Positions to directives issued by Nuclear and Facility Safety...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Making a positive impact for California  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

positive impact for California On behalf of the nation, we anticipate and solve the most challenging problems that threaten security in the 21st century. While meeting America's...

202

Sandia National Laboratories Fluorescent Optical Position Sensor  

As shown in the figure, a small excitation source, such as a laser or LED, excites a localized area of fluorescence at an unknown position along the

203

Reconstructing the History of Energy Condition Violation from Observational Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the likelihood of energy condition violations in the history of the Universe. Our method is based on a set of functions that characterize energy condition violation. FLRW cosmological models are built around these "indication functions". By computing the Fisher matrix of model parameters using type Ia supernova and Hubble parameter data, we extract the principal modes of these functions' redshift evolution. These modes allow us to obtain uncorrelated reconstructions of energy condition violation history. We find that the data suggest a history of strong energy condition violation, but the null and dominant energy conditions are likely to be fulfilled.

Wu, Chao-Jian; Zhang, Tong-Jie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Veterans ’ Advisory Board on Dose Reconstruction Board Member  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dosimetric issues involved are complex and differ among the varied exposed populations: atomic veterans, U.S Department of Energy workers exposed to both penetrating radiation and intakes of radionuclides, nuclear power plant workers, medical radiation workers, and industrial radiographers. The NCRP report will cover the specifics of practical dose reconstruction for the ongoing epidemiologic studies with uncertainty analysis evaluation. Strengths and limitations of the approaches taken will be covered, as will brief mention of other unique exposure circumstances such as among astronauts in space (Cucinotta 2011) and the military personnel in Japan after the Fukushima reactor

Ncrp Dosimetry; Committee Million; Worker Study

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Monthly report, June 1992  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is being managed and conducted by the Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories under contract with the Centers for Disease Control. The independent Technical Steering Panel (TSP) provides technical direction. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): source terms; environmental transport; environmental monitoring data; demography, food consumption, and agriculture; environmental pathways and dose estimates.

Finch, S.M.; McMakin, A.H. [comps.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Validation of HEDR models. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project has developed a set of computer models for estimating the possible radiation doses that individuals may have received from past Hanford Site operations. This document describes the validation of these models. In the HEDR Project, the model validation exercise consisted of comparing computational model estimates with limited historical field measurements and experimental measurements that are independent of those used to develop the models. The results of any one test do not mean that a model is valid. Rather, the collection of tests together provide a level of confidence that the HEDR models are valid.

Napier, B.A.; Simpson, J.C.; Eslinger, P.W.; Ramsdell, J.V. Jr.; Thiede, M.E.; Walters, W.H.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Starting From Total Shutdown Initial Position  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and exposed to atmospheric pressure will destroy pump oil. #12;#12;Starting From Total Shutdown Initial Position: · Roughing pump: OFF · Forepump: OFF · Diff. pump-Vent to CENTER position. 5. Open Accumulator Valve 6. Turn on diffusion pump. Repeller light should go on

McCombe, Bruce D.

208

Positional reference system for ultraprecision machining  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stable positional reference system for use in improving the cutting tool-to-part contour position in numerical controlled-multiaxis metal turning machines is provided. The reference system employs a plurality of interferometers referenced to orthogonally disposed metering bars which are substantially isolated from machine strain induced position errors for monitoring the part and tool positions relative to the metering bars. A microprocessor-based control system is employed in conjunction with the plurality of position interferometers and part contour description data inputs to calculate error components for each axis of movement and output them to corresponding axis drives with appropriate scaling and error compensation. Real-time position control, operating in combination with the reference system, makes possible the positioning of the cutting points of a tool along a part locus with a substantially greater degree of accuracy than has been attained previously in the art by referencing and then monitoring only the tool motion relative to a reference position located on the machine base.

Arnold, Jones B. (Knoxville, TN); Burleson, Robert R. (Clinton, TN); Pardue, Robert M. (Knoxville, TN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Positional reference system for ultraprecision machining  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stable positional reference system for use in improving the cutting tool-to-part contour position in numerical controlled-multiaxis metal turning machines is provided. The reference system employs a plurality of interferometers referenced to orthogonally disposed metering bars which are substantially isolated from machine strain induced position errors for monitoring the part and tool positions relative to the metering bars. A microprocessor-based control system is employed in conjunction with the plurality of positions interferometers and part contour description data input to calculate error components for each axis of movement and output them to corresponding axis driven with appropriate scaling and error compensation. Real-time position control, operating in combination with the reference system, makes possible the positioning of the cutting points of a tool along a part locus with a substantially greater degree of accuracy than has been attained previously in the art by referencing and then monitoring only the tool motion relative to a reference position located on the machine base.

Arnold, J.B.; Burleson, R.R.; Pardue, R.M.

1980-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

210

Predicting nucleosome positioning using multiple evidence tracks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a probabilistic model, implemented as a dynamic Bayesian network, that can be used to predict nucleosome positioning along a chromosome based on one or more genomic input tracks containing position-specific information (evidence) Previous ... Keywords: chromatin structure, dynamic bayesian network, nucleosome prediction

Sheila M. Reynolds; Zhiping Weng; Jeff A. Bilmes; William Stafford Noble

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Trimble Site Positioning and Machine Control Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designer Data ManagerProject Manager Supervisor #12;Site Positioning SystemSite Positioning System Productivity Analysis Management Trimble Construct. Manager Equipment Use Maintenance Trimble Connected Community ­ Management Tools y Auto ­ Synch Maintenance Planning Trimble Connected Community ­ Aggregating

212

Dynamic positioning systems: usability and interaction styles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the first steps of a research project directed towards human computer interaction (HCI) within the maritime environment and on maritime equipment. The focus is at this stage mainly on interaction with Dynamic Positioning Systems ... Keywords: bi-manual interaction, dynamic positioning, gestures, graphical user interface, maritime environment, multi-touch, safety critical situations

Frøy Birte Bjørneseth; Mark D. Dunlop; Jann Peter Strand

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Deterministic Secure Positioning in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Position verification problem is an important building block for a large subset of wireless sensor networks (WSN) applications. As a result, the performance of the WSN degrades significantly when misbehaving nodes report false location information in ... Keywords: Distributed Protocol, Secure Positioning, Wireless Sensor Network

Sylvie Delaët; Partha Sarathi Mandal; Mariusz A. Rokicki; Sébastien Tixeuil

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Electronic Position Sensor for Power Operated Accessory  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electronic position sensor for use with a power operated vehicle accessory, such as a power liftgate. The position sensor includes an elongated resistive circuit that is mounted such that it is stationary and extends along the path of a track portion of the power operated accessory. The position sensor further includes a contact nub mounted to a link member that moves within the track portion such that the contact nub is slidingly biased against the elongated circuit. As the link member moves under the force of a motor-driven output gear, the contact nub slides along the surface of the resistive circuit, thereby affecting the overall resistance of the circuit. The position sensor uses the overall resistance to provide an electronic position signal to an ECU, wherein the signal is indicative of the absolute position of the power operated accessory. Accordingly, the electronic position sensor is capable of providing an electronic signal that enables the ECU to track the absolute position of the power operated accessory.

Haag, Ronald H.; Chia, Michael I.

2005-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

215

Outdoor Visual Position Estimation for Planetary Rovers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes (1) a novel, effective algorithm for outdoor visual position estimation; (2) the implementation of this algorithm in the Viper system; and (3) the extensive tests that have demonstrated the superior accuracy and speed of ... Keywords: computer vision, mobile robots, position estimation, space robotics

Fabio Cozman; Eric Krotkov; Carlos Guestrin

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project independent direction and oversight  

SciTech Connect

Hanford was selected in 1942 as one of the sites for the Manhattan Project. It produced plutonium for one of the world's first nuclear weapons. The US Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessors continued to make plutonium for nuclear weapons at Hanford for more than four decades. In the early days of Hanford operations, radioactive materials routinely were released to the environment by many processes. The DOE disclosed documents about these releases in 1986. In 1987, Washington, Oregon, and regional Indian tribes gathered an independent panel of experts. This group recommended dose reconstruction and health effects feasibility studies. Later that year, DOE hired Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to reconstruct potential public radiation doses from Hanford's past releases of radioactive material. The DOE agreed with the states and tribes that project direction would come from an independent technical steering panel (TSP). This approach was critical to gain public credibility for the project and the science. The TSP directs the project and makes policy. That is now clear - but, it was hard-earned. Conducting science in an open public process is new, challenging, and clearly worthwhile. The panel's product is good science that is believed and accepted by the public - our client.

Blazek, M.L.; Power, M.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

A unified framework for exact cone-beam reconstruction formulas  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present concise proofs of several recently developed exact cone-beam reconstruction methods in the Tuy inversion framework, including both filtered-backprojection and backprojection-filtration formulas in the cases of standard spiral, nonstandard spiral, and more general scanning loci. While a similar proof of the Katsevich formula was previously reported, we present a new proof of the Zou and Pan backprojection-filtration formula. Our proof combines both odd and even data extensions so that only the cone-beam transform itself is utilized in the backprojection-filtration inversion. More importantly, our formulation is valid for general smooth scanning curves, in agreement with an earlier paper from our group [Ye, Zhao, Yu, and Wang, Proc. SPIE 5535, 293-300 (Aug. 6 2004)]. As a consequence of that proof, we obtain a new inversion formula, which is in a two-dimensional filtering backprojection format. A possibility for generalization of the Katsevich filtered-backprojection reconstruction method is also discussed from the viewpoint of this framework.

Zhao Shiying; Yu Hengyong; Wang Ge [CT/Micro-CT Laboratory, Department of Radiology University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States)

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Current profile reconstruction using electron temperature imaging diagnostics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flux surface shape information can be used to constrain the current profile for reconstruction of the plasma equilibrium. One method of inferring flux surface shape relies on plasma x-ray emission; however, deviations from the flux surfaces due to impurity and density asymmetries complicate the interpretation. Electron isotherm surfaces should correspond well to the plasma flux surfaces, and equilibrium constraint modeling using this isotherm information constrains the current profile. The KFIT code is used to assess the profile uncertainty and to optimize the number, location and SNR required for the Te detectors. As Te imaging detectors we consider tangentially viewing, vertically spaced, linear gas electron multiplier arrays operated in pulse height analysis (PHA) mode and multifoil soft x-ray arrays. Isoflux coordinate sets provided by T{sub e} measurements offer a strong constraint on the equilibrium reconstruction in both a stacked horizontal array configuration and a crossed horizontal and vertical beam system, with q{sub 0} determined to within {+-}4%. The required SNR can be provided with either PHA or multicolor diagnostic techniques, though the multicolor system requires {approx}x4 better statistics for comparable final errors.

Tritz, K.; Stutman, D.; Delgado-Aparicio, L.F.; Finkenthal, M.; Pacella, D.; Kaita, R.; Stratton, B.; Sabbagh, S. [Johns Hopkins University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Plasma Spectroscopy Group, Bloomberg Center, 3400 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Associazione ENEA-EURATOM sulla Fusione, ENEA, Frascati (Italy); Princeton University Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Petroleum complex of Russia. Reconstruction of petroleum refineries: Means for accomplishing the task  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the refining industry in Russia with respect to production and economic factors. The modernization and reconstruction of the refineries is also discussed.

Rykunova, T.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Dynamic Data-Driven Event Reconstruction for Atmospheric Releases  

SciTech Connect

Accidental or terrorist releases of hazardous materials into the atmosphere can impact large populations and cause significant loss of life or property damage. Plume predictions have been shown to be extremely valuable in guiding an effective and timely response. The two greatest sources of uncertainty in the prediction of the consequences of hazardous atmospheric releases result from poorly characterized source terms and lack of knowledge about the state of the atmosphere as reflected in the available meteorological data. In this report, we discuss the development of a new event reconstruction methodology that provides probabilistic source term estimates from field measurement data for both accidental and clandestine releases. Accurate plume dispersion prediction requires the following questions to be answered: What was released? When was it released? How much material was released? Where was it released? We have developed a dynamic data-driven event reconstruction capability which couples data and predictive models through Bayesian inference to obtain a solution to this inverse problem. The solution consists of a probability distribution of unknown source term parameters. For consequence assessment, we then use this probability distribution to construct a ''''composite'' forward plume prediction which accounts for the uncertainties in the source term. Since in most cases of practical significance it is impossible to find a closed form solution, Bayesian inference is accomplished by utilizing stochastic sampling methods. This approach takes into consideration both measurement and forward model errors and thus incorporates all the sources of uncertainty in the solution to the inverse problem. Stochastic sampling methods have the additional advantage of being suitable for problems characterized by a non-Gaussian distribution of source term parameters and for cases in which the underlying dynamical system is non-linear. We initially developed a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) stochastic methodology and demonstrated its effectiveness by reconstructing a wide range of release scenarios, using synthetic as well as real-world data. Data for evaluation of our event reconstruction capability were drawn from the short-range Prairie Grass, Copenhagen, and Joint Urban 2003 field experiments and a continental-scale real-world accidental release in Algeciras, Spain. The method was tested using a variety of forward models, including a Gaussian puff dispersion model INPUFF, the regional-to-continental scale Lagrangian dispersion model LODI (the work-horse real-time operational dispersion model used by the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center), the empirical urban model UDM, and the building-scale computational computational fluid dynamics code FEM3MP. The robustness of the Bayesian methodology was demonstrated via the use of subsets of the available concentration data and by introducing error into some of the measurements. These tests showed that the Bayesian approach is capable of providing reliable estimates of source characteristics even in cases of limited or significantly corrupted data. For more effective treatment of strongly time-dependent problems, we developed a Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) approach. To achieve the best performance under a wide range of conditions we combined SMC and MCMC sampling into a hybrid methodology. We compared the effectiveness and advantages of this approach relative to MCMC using a set of synthetic data examples. Our dynamic data-driven event reconstruction capability seamlessly integrates observational data streams with predictive models, in order to provide the best possible estimates of unknown source term parameters, as well as optimal and timely situation analyses consistent with both models and data.

Kosovic, B; Belles, R; Chow, F K; Monache, L D; Dyer, K; Glascoe, L; Hanley, W; Johannesson, G; Larsen, S; Loosmore, G; Lundquist, J K; Mirin, A; Neuman, S; Nitao, J; Serban, R; Sugiyama, G; Aines, R

2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Geological and geometrical constraints on reconstructions of Gondwana: implications for the derivation of Gondwanan fragments in Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relative positions of east (India, Madagascar, Antarctica, Australia, etc.) and west (Africa, S. America, Arabia) Gondwana remains controversial. The authors present a new reconstruction based on (1) tight fit of Madagascar within the Somalian embayment which satisfies both sea-floor spreading data, and Karoo and older geology: (2) a tight fit of India against a reconstructed Africa-Arabian margin, such that the east stepping margin south of Socotra is matched with the east stepping re-entrant of the Suliaman Range east of Quetta; (3) a two-phase motion history of east and west Gondwana characterized by initial NW-SE spreading, followed by essentially N-S motion parallel with the Davies Ridge. Although rifting occurred episodically within Gondwana from the Carboniferous onwards, sea floor spreading did not occur until early late Jurassic and was characterized by long right lateral transform-short ridge geometry. Break-up of E and W Gondwana succeeded early Middle Jurassic spreading along the northern margin of Gondwana from at least Oman to New Guinea. Spreading directions preserved off northwest Australia suggest that motions of the rifted fragments was directed toward the northwest into Tethys. This suggests that the Lhasa, central Pamir, Sistan, Lut (.), and Central Iranian Plateau blocks which collided with Asia after the Jurassic were derived from the southeast, as opposed to the SW as generally portrayed.

Rowley, D.B.; Ziegler, A.M.; Sahagian, D.; Nie, S.Y.; Lottes, A.L.; Jacobs, D.; Hulver, M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Benchmarking the Bayesian reconstruction of the non-perturbative heavy $Q\\bar{Q}$ potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The extraction of the finite temperature heavy quark potential from lattice QCD relies on a spectral analysis of the real-time Wilson loop. Through its position and shape, the lowest lying spectral peak encodes the real and imaginary part of this complex potential. We benchmark this extraction strategy using leading order hard-thermal loop (HTL) calculations. I.e. we analytically calculate the Wilson loop and determine the corresponding spectrum. By fitting its lowest lying peak we obtain the real- and imaginary part and confirm that the knowledge of the lowest peak alone is sufficient for obtaining the potential. We deploy a novel Bayesian approach to the reconstruction of spectral functions to HTL correlators in Euclidean time and observe how well the known spectral function and values for the real and imaginary part are reproduced. Finally we apply the method to quenched lattice QCD data and perform an improved estimate of both real and imaginary part of the non-perturbative heavy $Q\\bar{Q}$ potential.

Yannis Burnier; Alexander Rothkopf

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Consumption processes and positively homogeneous projection properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We constructively prove the existence of time-discrete consumption processes for stochastic money accounts that fulfill a pre-specified positively homogeneous projection property (PHPP) and let the account always be positive and exactly zero at the end. One possible example is consumption rates forming a martingale under the above restrictions. For finite spaces, it is shown that any strictly positive consumption strategy with restrictions as above possesses at least one corresponding PHPP and could be constructed from it. We also consider numeric examples under time-discrete and -continuous account processes, cases with infinite time horizons and applications to income drawdown and bonus theory.

Fischer, Tom

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Consumption processes and positively homogeneous projection properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We constructively prove the existence of time-discrete consumption processes for stochastic money accounts that fulfill a pre-specified positively homogeneous projection property (PHPP) and let the account always be positive and exactly zero at the end. One possible example is consumption rates forming a martingale under the above restrictions. For finite spaces, it is shown that any strictly positive consumption strategy with restrictions as above possesses at least one corresponding PHPP and could be constructed from it. We also consider numeric examples under time-discrete and-continuous account processes, cases with infinite time horizons and applications to income drawdown and bonus theory.

Tom Fischer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Crankshaft position sensing with combined starter alternator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A crankshaft position sensing apparatus for use with an engine (16) having a combined starter/alternator assembly (18). The crankshaft position sensing apparatus includes a tone ring (38) with a sensor (36) and bandpass filter (46), having a cylinder identification input from a camshaft sensor (48), and a gain limiter (54). The sensing apparatus mounts near the rotor (30) of the combined starter/alternator assembly (18). The filtered crankshaft position signal can then be input into a vehicle system controller (58) and an inner loop controller (60). The starter/alternator assembly (18) in combination with an internal combustion engine is particularly useful for a hybrid electric vehicle system.

Brandenburg, Larry Raymond (Plymouth, MI); Miller, John Michael (Saline, MI)

2000-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

226

Position estimation of transceivers in communication networks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a system and method using wireless communication interfaces coupled with statistical processing of time-of-flight data to locate by position estimation unknown wireless receivers. Such an invention can be applied in sensor network applications, such as environmental monitoring of water in the soil or chemicals in the air where the position of the network nodes is deemed critical. Moreover, the present invention can be arranged to operate in areas where a Global Positioning System (GPS) is not available, such as inside buildings, caves, and tunnels.

Kent, Claudia A. (Pleasanton, CA); Dowla, Farid (Castro Valley, CA)

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

227

Position Sensitive Detection System for Charged Particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The position sensitive detection system presented in this work employs the Anger logic algorithm to determine the position of the light spark produced by the passage of charged particles on a 170 x 170 x 10 mm3 scintillator material (PILOT-U). The detection system consists of a matrix of nine photomultipliers, covering a fraction of the back area of the scintillators. Tests made with a non-collimated alpha particle source together with a Monte Carlo simulation that reproduces the data, suggest an intrinsic position resolution of up to 6 mm is achieved.

Coello, E. A. [Instituto de Fisica, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico; Favela, F. [Instituto de Fisica, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico; Curiel, Q. [Instituto de Fisica, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico; Chavez, E [Instituto de Fisica, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico; Huerta, A. [Instituto de Fisica, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico; Varela, A. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Ocoyoacac, Mexico; Shapira, Dan [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Ethics - Misuse of Position | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Misuse of Position Misuse of Position Ethics - Misuse of Position A friend asked me to help her with a complaint that she made to my agency about a finance company she is having a problem with. Can I ask the consumer affairs office to act more quickly on her problem? You cannot use your position with the Government for your own personal gain or for the benefit of others. This includes family, friends, neighbors, and persons or organizations that you are affiliated with outside the Government. In this case, you would be using the access you have to the consumer affairs office because of your Government job to obtain special treatment for your friend. You also may be violating a criminal law (18 USC 205) if you act as a spokesperson on behalf of your friend to any Federal agency. But you could find out if there is anyone who routinely takes calls

229

Positive Energy Conservation Products | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Positive Energy Conservation Products Positive Energy Conservation Products Jump to: navigation, search Name Positive Energy Conservation Products Address PO Box 7568 Place Boulder, Colorado Zip 80306 Sector Efficiency Product Distributor of energy efficiency products - lighting, heating, cooling, water Website http://www.positive-energy.com Coordinates 40.0153°, -105.2702° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.0153,"lon":-105.2702,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

230

Director Position Center for Urban Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Director Position Center for Urban Transportation The Center for Urban Transportation Research for state policymakers, transportation agencies, transportation professionals and the public. CUTR conducts of Transportation's Federal Transit Administration and Federal Highway Administration, the Florida Department

Arslan, Hüseyin

231

Energy Positioning Statement Texas Tech University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Positioning Statement Texas Tech University Whitacre College of Engineering The Whitacre sufficient and sustainable energy sources to power its future. The college is committed to conducting cutting edge research and providing educational programs related to traditional and unconventional energy

Zhang, Yuanlin

232

Client-Server Based LBS Architecture: A Novel Positioning Module for Improved Positioning Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work presents a new efficient positioning module that operates over client-server LBS architectures. The aim of the proposed module is to fulfil the position information requirements for LBS pedestrian applications by ensuring the availability of ... Keywords: Accuracy and Integrity, EGNOS, GPS, LBS, Positioning Module

Mohammad AL Nabhan; Suleiman Almasri; Vanja Garaj; Wamadeva Balachandran; Ziad Hunaiti

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Side-emitting fiber optic position sensor  

SciTech Connect

A side-emitting fiber optic position sensor and method of determining an unknown position of an object by using the sensor. In one embodiment, a concentrated beam of light source illuminates the side of a side-emitting fiber optic at an unknown axial position along the fiber's length. Some of this side-illuminated light is in-scattered into the fiber and captured. As the captured light is guided down the fiber, its intensity decreases due to loss from side-emission away from the fiber and from bulk absorption within the fiber. By measuring the intensity of light emitted from one (or both) ends of the fiber with a photodetector(s), the axial position of the light source is determined by comparing the photodetector's signal to a calibrated response curve, look-up table, or by using a mathematical model. Alternatively, the side-emitting fiber is illuminated at one end, while a photodetector measures the intensity of light emitted from the side of the fiber, at an unknown position. As the photodetector moves further away from the illuminated end, the detector's signal strength decreases due to loss from side-emission and/or bulk absorption. As before, the detector's signal is correlated to a unique position along the fiber.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

234

RECONSTRUCTING THE HISTORY OF ENERGY CONDITION VIOLATION FROM OBSERVATIONAL DATA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the likelihood of energy condition violations in the history of the universe. Our method is based on a set of functions that characterize energy condition violation. Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker cosmological models are built around these 'indication functions'. By computing the Fisher matrix of model parameters using Type Ia supernova and Hubble parameter data, we extract the principal modes of these functions' redshift evolution. These modes allow us to obtain general reconstructions of energy condition violation history independent of the dark energy model. We find that the data suggest a history of strong energy condition violation, but the null and dominant energy conditions are likely to be fulfilled. Implications for dark energy models are discussed.

Wu Chaojian; Ma Cong; Zhang Tongjie, E-mail: tjzhang@bnu.edu.cn [Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

235

Post-refinement multiscale method for pin power reconstruction  

SciTech Connect

The ability to accurately predict local pin powers in nuclear reactors is necessary to understand the mechanisms that cause fuel pin failure during steady state and transient operation. In the research presented here, methods are developed to improve the local solution using high order methods with boundary conditions from a low order global solution. Several different core configurations were tested to determine the improvement in the local pin powers compared to the standard techniques based on diffusion theory and pin power reconstruction (PPR). The post-refinement multiscale methods use the global solution to determine boundary conditions for the local solution. The local solution is solved using either a fixed boundary source or an albedo boundary condition; this solution is 'post-refinement' and thus has no impact on the global solution. (authors)

Collins, B.; Seker, V.; Downar, T. [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, Univ. of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Blvd., Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Xu, Y. [Argonne National Laboratory (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Dynamic Data-Driven Event Reconstruction for Atmospheric Releases  

SciTech Connect

Accidental or terrorist releases of hazardous materials into the atmosphere can impact large populations and cause significant loss of life or property damage. Plume predictions have been shown to be extremely valuable in guiding an effective and timely response. The two greatest sources of uncertainty in the prediction of the consequences of hazardous atmospheric releases result from poorly characterized source terms and lack of knowledge about the state of the atmosphere as reflected in the available meteorological data. We have developed a new event reconstruction methodology that provides probabilistic source term estimates from field measurement data for both accidental and clandestine releases. Accurate plume dispersion prediction requires the following questions to be answered: What was released? When was it released? How much material was released? Where was it released? We have developed a dynamic-data-driven event reconstruction capability that couples data and predictive methods through Bayesian inference to obtain a solution to this inverse problem. The solution consists of a probability distribution of unknown source term parameters. For consequence assessment, we then use this probability distribution to construct a 'composite' forward plume prediction that accounts for the uncertainties in the source term. Since in most cases of practical significance it is impossible to find a closed form solution, Bayesian inference is accomplished by utilizing stochastic sampling methods. This approach takes into consideration both measurement and forward model errors and thus incorporates all the sources of uncertainty in the solution to the inverse problem. Stochastic sampling methods have the additional advantage of being suitable for problems characterized by a non-Gaussian distribution of source term parameters and for cases in which the underlying dynamical system is nonlinear. We initially developed a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) stochastic methodology and demonstrated its effectiveness by reconstructing a wide range of release scenarios, using synthetic as well as real-world data. Data for evaluation of our event reconstruction capability were drawn from the short-range Prairie Grass, Copenhagen, and Joint Urban 2003 field experiments and a continental-scale real-world accidental release in Algeciras, Spain. The method was tested using a variety of forward models, including a Gaussian puff dispersion model INPUFF, the regional-to-continental scale Lagrangian dispersion model LODI (the work-horse real-time operational dispersion model used by the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center), the empirical urban model UDM, and the building-scale computational fluid dynamics code FEM3MP. The robustness of the Bayesian methodology was demonstrated via the use of subsets of the available concentration data and by introducing error into some of the measurements (Fig. 1). These tests showed that the Bayesian approach is capable of providing reliable estimates of source characteristics even in cases of limited or significantly corrupted data. An example of an urban release scenario is shown in Fig. 2. For more effective treatment of strongly time-dependent problems, we developed a Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) approach. To achieve the best performance under a wide range of conditions we combined SMC and MCMC sampling into a hybrid methodology. We compared the effectiveness and advantages of this approach relative to MCMC using a set of synthetic data examples. We created a modular, scalable computational framework to accommodate the full set of stochastic methodologies (e.g., MCMC, SMC, hybrid stochastic algorithms, 'Green's function', 'reciprocal' methods), as well as a selection of key classes of dispersion models. This design provides a clear separation of stochastic algorithms from predictive models and supports parallelization at both the stochastic algorithm and individual model level. In other words, it supports a parallel stochastic algorithm (e.g., SMC) that invokes parallel forward models. The framework is

Mirin, A A; Kosovic, B

2007-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

237

Dynamic Data-Driven Event Reconstruction for Atmospheric Releases  

SciTech Connect

For atmospheric releases, event reconstruction answers the critical questions - How much material was released? When? Where? and What are the potential consequences? Inaccurate estimation of the source term can lead to gross errors, time delays during a crisis, and even fatalities. We are developing a capability that seamlessly integrates observational data streams with predictive models in order to provide the best possible estimates of unknown source term parameters, as well as optimal and timely situation analyses consistent with both models and data. Our approach utilizes Bayesian inference and stochastic sampling methods (Markov Chain and Sequential Monte Carlo) to reformulate the inverse problem into a solution based on efficient sampling of an ensemble of predictive simulations, guided by statistical comparisons with data.

Sugiyama, G; Kosovic, B; Hanley, W; Johannesson, G; Larsen, S; Loosmore, G; Lundquist, J; Mirin, A; Nitao, J; Serban, R; Dyer, K

2004-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

238

Reconstructing the History of Energy Condition Violation from Observational Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the likelihood of energy condition violations in the history of the Universe. Our method is based on a set of functions that characterize energy condition violation. FLRW cosmological models are built around these "indication functions". By computing the Fisher matrix of model parameters using type Ia supernova and Hubble parameter data, we extract the principal modes of these functions' redshift evolution. These modes allow us to obtain general reconstructions of energy condition violation history independent of the dark energy model. We find that the data suggest a history of strong energy condition violation, but the null and dominant energy conditions are likely to be fulfilled. Implications for dark energy models are discussed.

Chao-Jian Wu; Cong Ma; Tong-Jie Zhang

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

239

Provably convergent coordinate descent in statistical tomographic reconstruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistical tomographic reconstruction algorithms generally require the efficient optimization of a functional. A recent algorithm known as iterative coordinate descent with Newton-Raphson updates (ICD/NR) has been shown to be much more computationally efficient than indirect optimization approaches based on the EM algorithm. However, while the ICD/NR algorithm has experimentally been shown to converge stably, no theoretical proof of convergence is known. In this paper, we prove that a modified algorithm, which we call ICD functional substitution (ICD/FS), has guaranteed global convergence in addition to the computational efficiency of ICD/NR. The ICD/FS method works by approximating the log likelihood at each pixel by an alternative quadratic functional. Experimental results show that the convergence speed of the globally convergent algorithm is nearly identical to that of ICD/NR. 1.

Suhail Saquib; Jun Zheng; Charles A. Bouman; Ken D. Sauer

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Automated Dna Curvature Profile Reconstruction In Atomic Force  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An automated algorithm is presented to determine the DNA molecule intrinsic curvature profiles and the molecular spatial orientations in Atomic Force Microscope images. The curvature is composed by static and dynamic contributions. The first one is the intrinsic curvature, vectorial function of the DNA nucletide sequence, while the second one is due to thermal noise. This algorithm allows to reconstruct the intrinsic curvature profile excluding the thermal contribution and detects fragment orientation on AFM image with a percentage of molecular-orientation detection of 96.79 % for molecules with a high curvature peak. The automated approach allows to minimize the processing time compared to semi-automated methods, avoids errors introduced from operator bias and increases the amount of available information.

Microscope Images Elisa; Elisa Ficarra; Daniele Masotti; Luca Benini; Michela Milano

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The AMS-RICH velocity and charge reconstruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The AMS detector, to be installed on the International Space Station, includes a Ring Imaging Cerenkov detector with two different radiators, silica aerogel (n=1.05) and sodium fluoride (n=1.334). This detector is designed to provide very precise measurements of velocity and electric charge in a wide range of cosmic nuclei energies and atomic numbers. The detector geometry, in particular the presence of a reflector for acceptance purposes, leads to complex Cerenkov patterns detected in a pixelized photomultiplier matrix. The results of different reconstruction methods applied to test beam data as well as to simulated samples are presented. To ensure nominal performances throughout the flight, several detector parameters have to be carefully monitored. The algorithms developed to fulfill these requirements are presented. The velocity and charge measurements provided by the RICH detector endow the AMS spectrometer with precise particle identification capabilities in a wide energy range. The expected performances on light isotope separation are discussed.

F. Barao; M. Aguilar-Benitez; L. Arruda; B. Baret; A. Barrau; G. Barreira; E. Belmont; J. Berdugo; J. Borges; M. Buenerd; D. Casadei; J. Casaus; E. Cortina; M. Costado; D. Crespo; C. Delgado; C. Diaz; L. Derome; P. Goncalves; R. Garcia-Lopez; C. de la Guia; A. Herrero; E. Lanciotti; G. Laurenti; A. Malinin; C. Mana; J. Marin; M. Mangin-Brinet; G. Martinez; A. Menchaca-Rocha; C. Palomares; R. Pereira; M. Pimenta; A. Putze; Y. Sallaz-Damaz; E. S. Seo; I. Sevilla; A. Torrento; M. Vargas-Trevino; O. Veziant

2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

242

Joint Multi-Layer Segmentation and Reconstruction for Free-Viewpoint Video Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current state-of-the-art image-based scene reconstruction techniques are capable of generating high-fidelity 3D models when used under controlled capture conditions. However, they are often inadequate when used in more challenging environments such as ... Keywords: Free-viewpoint video, Graph-cuts, Reconstruction, Segmentation

Jean-Yves Guillemaut; Adrian Hilton

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

A multiple camera system with real-time volume reconstruction for articulated skeleton pose tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a multi-camera system for recovering skeleton body pose, by performing real-time volume reconstruction and using a hierarchical stochastic pose search algorithm. Different from many multicamera systems that require a few connected workstations, ... Keywords: multi-camera system, pose estimation, real-time volume reconstruction

Zheng Zhang; Hock Soon Seah; Chee Kwang Quah; Alex Ong; Khalid Jabbar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

CALTECH ASCI TECHNICAL REPORT 165 Reconstruction of subgrid models for nonpremixed combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALTECH ASCI TECHNICAL REPORT 165 Reconstruction of subgrid models for nonpremixed combustion J. P. Medallo, S. Sarkar and C. Pantano #12;Reconstruction subgrid models for nonpremixed combustion J. P 2003; published 16 September 2003 Large-eddy simulation of combustion problems involves highly

245

Reconstructing the music hall rotunda and annex at vauxhall pleasure gardens c. 1764  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarises work in progress on the digital reconstruction of the structure, space and decorative program of the music hall and annex at Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens c. 1764. The proposed outcome will be a recreation of the space and its contents ... Keywords: animation, gallery display, historic sites, music, reconstructive architecture, visualisation

Stephen Caffey; Robert G. Graf; Charles Culp; Wei Yan; Ehsan Barekati; Matthew Marshall

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Geometry features measurement of traffic accident for reconstruction based on close-range photogrammetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the feasibility of investigating a traffic accident and offering initial data for traffic accident reconstruction (TAR) using a photogrammetric technique. Compared with the conventional roller tape applied by the traffic police of ... Keywords: Accident reconstruction, Close-range photogrammetry, Direct linear transformation, Traffic accident scene, Vehicle deformation

Xinguang Du; Xianlong Jin; Xiaoyun Zhang; Jie Shen; Xinyi Hou

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

An efficient correction procedure via reconstruction for simulation of viscous flow on moving and deforming domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we report the development of a new parallel solver using the Correction Procedure via Reconstruction (CPR) for viscous flows on moving and deforming grids. By employing an accurate treatment of flux derivatives for moving and deforming ... Keywords: Correction procedure via reconstruction, Moving and deforming grids, Parallel Navier-Stokes solver, Quadrilateral element, Unstructured grid

Chunlei Liang, Koji Miyaji, Bin Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Three dimensional reconstruction of aerogels from TEM images Florence Despetis1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three dimensional reconstruction of aerogels from TEM images Florence Despetis1,2 ,Nadjette to compute their physical properties. We focus here on base catalyzed and colloidal silica aerogels, which are fractal materials and we use an original method for the reconstruction of these aerogels from TEM images

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

249

High-Performance Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction for Molecular Structure Determination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe an efficient parallel implementation of a reliable iterative reconstruction algorithm for estimating the three-dimensional (3D) density map of a macromolecular complex from a large number of two-dimensional (2D) cryo-electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) ... Keywords: 3D image reconstruction, Cryo-EM, parallel computing, regularization

Julianne Chung; Philip Sternberg; Chao Yang

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Point-wise hierarchical reconstruction for discontinuous Galerkin and finite volume methods for solving conservation laws  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a new hierarchical reconstruction (HR) method [17,28] for limiting solutions of the discontinuous Galerkin and finite volume methods up to fourth order of accuracy without local characteristic decomposition for solving hyperbolic nonlinear ... Keywords: Discontinous Galerkin method, Finite volume method, Hierarchical reconstruction, Hyperbolic conservation laws, Limiter

Zhiliang Xu; Yingjie Liu; Huijing Du; Guang Lin; Chi-Wang Shu

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Dynamic Data-Driven Event Reconstruction for Atmospheric Releases  

SciTech Connect

The role of an event reconstruction capability in a case of an atmospheric release is to characterize the source by answering the critical questions--How much material was released? When? Where? and What are the potential consequences? Accurate estimation of the source term is essential to accurately predict plume dispersion, effectively manage the emergency response, and mitigate consequences in a case of an atmospheric release of hazardous material. We are developing a capability that seamlessly integrates observational data streams with predictive models in order to provide probabilistic estimates of unknown source term parameters consistent with both data and model predictions. Our approach utilizes Bayesian inference with stochastic sampling using Markov Chain and Sequential Monte Carlo methodology. The inverse dispersion problem is reformulated into a solution based on efficient sampling of an ensemble of predictive simulations, guided by statistical comparisons with data. We are developing a flexible and adaptable data-driven event-reconstruction capability for atmospheric releases that provides (1) quantitative probabilistic estimates of the principal source-term parameters (e.g., the time-varying release rate and location); (2) predictions of increasing fidelity as an event progresses and additional data become available; and (3) analysis tools for sensor network design and uncertainty studies. Our computational framework incorporates multiple stochastic algorithms, operates with a range and variety of atmospheric models, and runs on multiple computer platforms, from workstations to large-scale computing resources. Our final goal is a multi-resolution capability for both real-time operational response and high fidelity multi-scale applications.

Mirin, A A; Kosovic, B

2006-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

252

Monthly Mean Pressure Reconstructions for Europe (1780-1980) and North  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Monthly Mean Pressure Reconstructions for Europe (1780-1980) and North Monthly Mean Pressure Reconstructions for Europe (1780-1980) and North America (1858-1980) (1987) (NDP-025) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/cli.ndp025 image Data Investigators P. D. Jones, T. M. L. Wigley, and K. R. Briffa Real and reconstructed measurements of monthly mean pressure data have been constructed for Europe for 1780 through 1980 and North America for 1858 through 1980. The reconstructions use early pressure, temperature, and precipitation data from a variety of sources including World Weather Records, meteorological and national archives, circulation maps, and daily chart series. Each record contains the year, monthly mean pressure, quality code, and annual mean pressure. These reconstructed gridded monthly pressures provide a reliable historical record of mean sea-level pressures

253

Analytical model for event reconstruction in coplanar grid CdZnTe detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coplanar-grid (CPG) particle detectors were designed for materials such as CdZnTe (CZT) in which charge carriers of only one sign have acceptable transport properties. The presence of two independent anode signals allows for a reconstruction of deposited energy based on the difference between the two signals, and a reconstruction of the interaction depth based on the ratio of the amplitudes of the sum and difference of the signals. Energy resolution is greatly improved by modifying the difference signal with an empirically determined weighting factor to correct for the effects of electron trapping. In this paper is introduced a modified interaction depth reconstruction formula which corrects for electron trapping utilizing the same weighting factor used for energy reconstruction. The improvement of this depth reconstruction over simpler formulas is demonstrated. Further corrections due to the contribution of hole transport to the signals are discussed.

Matthew Fritts; Jürgen Durst; Thomas Göpfert; Thomas Wester; Kai Zuber

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

254

Analytical model for event reconstruction in coplanar grid CdZnTe detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coplanar-grid (CPG) particle detectors were designed for materials such as CdZnTe (CZT) in which charge carriers of only one sign have acceptable transport properties. The presence of two independent anode signals allows for a reconstruction of deposited energy based on the difference between the two signals, and a reconstruction of the interaction depth based on the ratio of the amplitudes of the sum and difference of the signals. Energy resolution is greatly improved by modifying the difference signal with an empirically determined weighting factor to correct for the effects of electron trapping. In this paper is introduced a modified interaction depth reconstruction formula which corrects for electron trapping utilizing the same weighting factor used for energy reconstruction. The improvement of this depth reconstruction over simpler formulas is demonstrated. Further corrections due to the contribution of hole transport to the signals are discussed.

Fritts, Matthew; Göpfert, Thomas; Wester, Thomas; Zuber, Kai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

The positive ion temperature effect in magnetized electronegative plasma sheath with two species of positive ions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The properties of a magnetized multi-component (two species of positive ions, negative ions and electrons) plasma sheath with finite positive ion temperature are studied. By using three fluid hydrodynamic model and some dimensionless variables, the ion (both lighter and heavier positive ions, and negative ions) densities, the ion (only for positive ions) velocities, and electric potential inside the sheath are investigated. In addition, the absence and presence of magnetic field and the orientation of magnetic field are considered. It is noticed that, with increase of positive ion temperature, the lighter positive ion density peaks increase only at the sheath edge and shift towards the sheath edge for both absence and presence of magnetic field. For heavier positive ions, in the absence of magnetic field, the density peaks increase at the sheath edge. But in the presence of magnetic field, the density fluctuations increase at the sheath edge. For both the cases, the density peaks shift towards the sheath edge.

Shaw, A. K. [Centre of Plasma Physics, Institute for Plasma Research, Sonapur-782 402, Guwahati, Assam (India); Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar-382 428, Gujarat (India); Kar, S. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar-382 428, Gujarat (India); Goswami, K. S. [Centre of Plasma Physics, Institute for Plasma Research, Sonapur-782 402, Guwahati, Assam (India)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

256

Micro-position sensor using faraday effect  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A micro-position sensor and sensing system using the Faraday Effect. The sensor uses a permanent magnet to provide a magnetic field, and a magneto-optic material positioned in the magnetic field for rotating the plane of polarization of polarized light transmitted through the magneto-optic material. The magnet is independently movable relative to the magneto-optic material so as to rotate the plane of polarization of the polarized light as a function of the relative position of the magnet. In this manner, the position of the magnet relative to the magneto-optic material may be determined from the rotated polarized light. The sensing system also includes a light source, such as a laser or LED, for producing polarized light, and an optical fiber which is connected to the light source and to the magneto-optic material at a sensing end of the optical fiber. Processing electronics, such as a polarimeter, are also provided for determining the Faraday rotation of the plane of polarization of the back-reflected polarized light to determine the position of the magnet relative to the sensing end of the optical fiber.

McElfresh, Michael (Livermore, CA); Lucas, Matthew (Pittsburgh, PA); Silveira, Joseph P. (Tracy, CA); Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA)

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

257

Reconstruction of the Extratropical NH Mean Temperature over the Last Millennium with a Method that Preserves Low-Frequency Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new multiproxy reconstruction of the Northern Hemisphere extratropical mean temperature over the last millennium is presented. The reconstruction is performed with a novel method designed to avoid the underestimation of low-frequency variability ...

Bo Christiansen; Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

A Multicentury Reconstruction of May Precipitation for the Mid-Atlantic Region Using Juniperus virginiana Tree Rings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a multicentury reconstruction of May precipitation (1200–1997) for the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. The reconstruction is based on the first principal component (PC1) of two millennial-length Juniperus virginiana ...

R. Stockton Maxwell; Amy E. Hessl; Edward R. Cook; Brendan M. Buckley

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Conservative Transport Schemes for Spherical Geodesic Grids: High-Order Reconstructions for Forward-in-Time Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The finite-volume transport scheme of Miura, for icosahedral–hexagonal meshes on the sphere, is extended by using higher-order reconstructions of the transported scalar within the formulation. The use of second- and fourth-order reconstructions, ...

William C. Skamarock; Maximo Menchaca

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

RFID tags: Positioning principles and localization techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—RFID is an automatic identification technology that enables tracking of people and objects. Both identity and location are generally key information for indoor services. An obvious and interesting method to obtain these two types of data is to localize RFID tags attached to devices or objects or carried by people. However, signals in indoor environments are generally harshly impaired and tags have very limited capabilities which pose many challenges for positioning them. In this work, we propose a classification and survey the current state-of-art of RFID localization by first presenting this technology and positioning principles. Then, we explain and classify RFID localization techniques. Finally, we discuss future trends in this domain. Index Terms—RFID, localization, positioning algorithm. I.

Mathieu Bouet; Aldri L. Dos Santos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Electron cyclotron emission reconstruction image and m/n=3/2 mode in HT-7 tokamak  

SciTech Connect

Electron cyclotron emission reconstruction image has been used for flux surface reconstruction. The reconstruction image is based on plasma rigid rotation which is obtained from Mirnov diagnostic. From the reconstructed two-dimensional flux surface, the classical m/n=3/2 mode is visualized, which is of similar spatial structure as neoclassical 3/2 mode observed in some other tokamaks [B. Esposito et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 045006 (2008)].

Li Erzhong; Hu Liqun; Ling Bili; Liu Yong; Ti Ang; Chen Kaiyun; Shen Biao; Gao Xiang [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

Quantifying the Impact of Immediate Reconstruction in Postmastectomy Radiation: A Large, Dose-Volume Histogram-Based Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To assess the impact of immediate breast reconstruction on postmastectomy radiation (PMRT) using dose-volume histogram (DVH) data. Methods and Materials: Two hundred forty-seven women underwent PMRT at our center, 196 with implant reconstruction and 51 without reconstruction. Patients with reconstruction were treated with tangential photons, and patients without reconstruction were treated with en-face electron fields and customized bolus. Twenty percent of patients received internal mammary node (IMN) treatment. The DVH data were compared between groups. Ipsilateral lung parameters included V20 (% volume receiving 20 Gy), V40 (% volume receiving 40 Gy), mean dose, and maximum dose. Heart parameters included V25 (% volume receiving 25 Gy), mean dose, and maximum dose. IMN coverage was assessed when applicable. Chest wall coverage was assessed in patients with reconstruction. Propensity-matched analysis adjusted for potential confounders of laterality and IMN treatment. Results: Reconstruction was associated with lower lung V20, mean dose, and maximum dose compared with no reconstruction (all P<.0001). These associations persisted on propensity-matched analysis (all P<.0001). Heart doses were similar between groups (P=NS). Ninety percent of patients with reconstruction had excellent chest wall coverage (D95 >98%). IMN coverage was superior in patients with reconstruction (D95 >92.0 vs 75.7%, P<.001). IMN treatment significantly increased lung and heart parameters in patients with reconstruction (all P<.05) but minimally affected those without reconstruction (all P>.05). Among IMN-treated patients, only lower lung V20 in those without reconstruction persisted (P=.022), and mean and maximum heart doses were higher than in patients without reconstruction (P=.006, P=.015, respectively). Conclusions: Implant reconstruction does not compromise the technical quality of PMRT when the IMNs are untreated. Treatment technique, not reconstruction, is the primary determinant of target coverage and normal tissue doses.

Ohri, Nisha [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Cordeiro, Peter G. [Department of Plastic Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Plastic Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Keam, Jennifer [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Ballangrud, Ase [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Shi Weiji; Zhang Zhigang [Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Nerbun, Claire T.; Woch, Katherine M.; Stein, Nicholas F.; Zhou Ying [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); McCormick, Beryl; Powell, Simon N. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Ho, Alice Y., E-mail: HoA1234@mskcc.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Method of manufacturing positive nickel hydroxide electrodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of manufacturing a positive nickel hydroxide electrode is discussed. A highly porous core structure of organic material having a fibrous or reticular texture is uniformly coated with nickel powder and then subjected to a thermal treatment which provides sintering of the powder coating and removal of the organic core material. A consolidated, porous nickel support structure is thus produced which has substantially the same texture and porosity as the initial core structure. To provide the positive electrode including the active mass, nickel hydroxide is deposited in the pores of the nickel support structure.

Gutjahr, M.A.; Schmid, R.; Beccu, K.D.

1975-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

264

A Review of Positive and Bipolar Lightning Discharges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characteristics of lightning discharges that transport either positive charge or both positive and negative charges to the ground are reviewed. These are termed positive and bipolar lightning discharges, respectively. Different types of positive ...

V. A. Rakov

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Ultra-wideband radios for time-of-flight-ranging and network position estimation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a novel high-accuracy indoor ranging device that uses ultra-wideband (UWB) RF pulsing with low-power and low-cost electronics. A unique of the present invention is that it exploits multiple measurements in time and space for very accurate ranging. The wideband radio signals utilized herein are particularly suited to ranging in harsh RF environments because they allow signal reconstruction in spite of multipath propagation distortion. Furthermore, the ranging and positioning techniques discussed herein directly address many of the known technical challenges encountered in UWB localization regarding synchronization and sampling. In the method developed, noisy, corrupted signals can be recovered by repeating range measurements across a channel, and the distance measurements are combined from many locations surrounding the target in a way that minimizes the range biases associated to indirect flight paths and through-wall propagation delays.

Hertzog, Claudia A. (Houston, TX); Dowla, Farid U. (Castro Valley, CA); Dallum, Gregory E. (Livermore, CA); Romero, Carlos E. (Livermore, CA)

2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

266

A New Model and Reconstruction Method for 2D PET Based on Transforming Detector Tube Data into Detector Arc Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The popular Radon transform approximation used in the modeling and reconstruction of positron emission tomography (PET) images fails to account for the non-trivial size of PET detectors. Currently, all reconstruction algorithms which account for detector ... Keywords: PET, image reconstruction, mathematical model, positron emission tomography

R. B. Carroll; B. A. Mair

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

The reconstruction of the Lake Champlain sidewheel steamer Champlain II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The steamship Champlain II, ex-Oakes Ames, was built as a railroad car transfer ferry in 1868 at Marks Bay, Burlington, Vermont in the private shipyard of Napoleon B. Proctor. The vessel was later converted to a passenger line boat in 1873, but was in service only a few years before she was dramatically wrecked on the night of July 16, 1875. Champlain II holds an important place in the development of steamships on Lake Champlain. This thesis examines the historical and economic background of Champlain II, ex-Oakes Ames. Attention is paid to the original construction of Oakes Ames and includes a discussion of the railroad car ferry as a specific vessel type. The narrative includes a detailed corporate and financial history of the vessel's owners, the Rutland Railroad, the Delaware and Hudson Company and the Champlain Transportation Company, and chronicles the changes in Oakes Ames ownership and her subsequent refit as a passenger line boat. Particular attention is paid to the details of the wreck and the folklore that grew surrounding the event. The thesis also includes a narrative of the two-year archaeological study of the vessel, undertaken in the summers of 1993 and 1994, which involved full documentation of the dimensions of the hull timbers by divers. The findings of the archaeological recording are presented in detail and discussed as part of the overall architecture of the hull. The archaeological data and archival materials on 19th-century wooden' steamship construction were combined to create a reconstruction of the Champlain II, ex-Oakes,Ames. The reconstruction is graphically depicted in this thesis by lines, construction and propulsion plans of the vessel. The vessel is then compared to other archaeologically examined steamboat wrecks of Lake Champlain. Analysis of Champlain IIs hull construction and comparison between it and contemporary vessels has led to the conclusion that Champlain II, although built for nonpassenger, cross-lake traffic, had framing and longitudinal support systems that were quite typical for Lake Champlain passenger line steamers of the period.

Baldwin, Elizabeth Robinson

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Respiratory motion sampling in 4DCT reconstruction for radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Phase-based and amplitude-based sorting techniques are commonly used in four-dimensional CT (4DCT) reconstruction. However, effect of these sorting techniques on 4D dose calculation has not been explored. In this study, the authors investigated a candidate 4DCT sorting technique by comparing its 4D dose calculation accuracy with that for phase-based and amplitude-based sorting techniques.Method: An optimization model was formed using organ motion probability density function (PDF) in the 4D dose convolution. The objective function for optimization was defined as the maximum difference between the expected 4D dose in organ of interest and the 4D dose calculated using a 4DCT sorted by a candidate sampling method. Sorting samples, as optimization variables, were selected on the respiratory motion PDF assessed during the CT scanning. Breathing curves obtained from patients' 4DCT scanning, as well as 3D dose distribution from treatment planning, were used in the study. Given the objective function, a residual error analysis was performed, and k-means clustering was found to be an effective sampling scheme to improve the 4D dose calculation accuracy and independent with the patient-specific dose distribution. Results: Patient data analysis demonstrated that the k-means sampling was superior to the conventional phase-based and amplitude-based sorting and comparable to the optimal sampling results. For phase-based sorting, the residual error in 4D dose calculations may not be further reduced to an acceptable accuracy after a certain number of phases, while for amplitude-based sorting, k-means sampling, and the optimal sampling, the residual error in 4D dose calculations decreased rapidly as the number of 4DCT phases increased to 6.Conclusion: An innovative phase sorting method (k-means method) is presented in this study. The method is dependent only on tumor motion PDF. It could provide a way to refine the phase sorting in 4DCT reconstruction and is effective for 4D dose accumulation. Optimized sorting techniques could achieve acceptable residuals (less than 0.5% of the prescription dose) using 6 sorting samples, which is much better than amplitude-based or phase-based sorting. Further increase in sorting phase number exceeding 6 or more may not be necessary when using the k-means sampling or optimal sampling points.

Chi Yuwei; Liang Jian; Qin Xu; Yan Di [Department of Radiation Oncology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan 48073 (United States)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Positivity of Some Integral Transforms, and Generalization of Bochner's Theorem on Functions of Positive Type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the integral representations of the solutions of Schr\\"odinger equation, which are the essential ingredients of the Gel'fand-Levitan and Marchenko integral equations of inverse scattering theory, we obtain a general theorem on the positivity of some integral transforms, and extend the theorem of Bochner on Fourier transforms of functions of positive type to more general transforms. The present study is restricted to the positive half-axis. We then obtain a theorem on the positivity of Fourier cosine transform of the phase-shifts.

Khosrow Chadan

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

270

Optical Blade Position Tracking System Test  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Optical Blade Position Tracking System Test measures the blade deflection along the span of the blade using simple off-the-shelf infrared security cameras along with blade-mounted retro-reflective tape and video image processing hardware and software to obtain these measurements.

Fingersh, L. J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

A computational theory of normative positions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Kanger-Lindahl theory of normative positions attempts to use a combination of deontic logic (the logic of obligation and permission) and a logic of action/agency to give a formal account of obligations, duties, rights, and other complex normative ... Keywords: deontic logic, logic of action, logic of agency, normative systems, theory of duties and rights

Marek Sergot

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Positioning system of the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Completed in May 2008, the ANTARES neutrino telescope is located 40 km off the coast of Toulon, at a depth of about 2500 m. The telescope consists of 12 detect or lines housing a total of 884 optical modules. Each line is anchored to the seabed and pulled taught by the buoyancy of the individual optical modules and a top buoy. Due to the fluid nature of the sea-water detecting medium and the flexible nature of the detector lines, the optical modules of the ANTARES telescope can suffer from deviations of up to several meters from the vertical and as such, real time positioning is needed. Real time positioning of the ANTARES telescope is achieved by a combination of an acoustic positioning system and a lattice of tiltmeters and compasses. These independent and complementary systems are used to compute a global fit to each individual detector line, allowing us to construct a 3 dimensional picture of the ANTARES neutrino telescope with an accuracy of less than 10 cm. In this paper we describe the positioning syst...

Brown, Anthony M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Ethanol production in Gram-positive microbes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The subject invention concerns the transformation of Gram-positive bacteria with heterologous genes which confer upon these microbes the ability to produce ethanol as a fermentation product. Specifically exemplified is the transformation of bacteria with genes, obtainable from Zymomonas mobilis, which encode pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase. 2 figs.

Ingram, L.O.; Barbosa-Alleyne, M.D.F.

1996-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

274

Ethanol production in gram-positive microbes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The subject invention concerns the transformation of Gram-positive bacteria with heterologous genes which confer upon these microbes the ability to produce ethanol as a fermentation product. Specifically exemplified is the transformation of bacteria with genes, obtainable from Zymomonas mobilis, which encode pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase.

Ingram, Lonnie O' Neal (Gainesville, FL); Barbosa-Alleyne, Maria D. F. (Gainesville, FL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Ethanol production in Gram-positive microbes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The subject invention concerns the transformation of Gram-positive bacteria with heterologous genes which confer upon these microbes the ability to produce ethanol as a fermentation product. Specifically exemplified is the transformation of bacteria with genes, obtainable from Zymomonas mobilis, which encode pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase.

Ingram, Lonnie O' Neal (Gainesville, FL); Barbosa-Alleyne, Maria D. F. (Gainesville, FL)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Ethanol production in Gram-positive microbes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The subject invention concerns the transformation of Gram-positive bacteria with heterologous genes which confer upon these microbes the ability to produce ethanol as a fermentation product. Specifically exemplified is the transformation of bacteria with genes, obtainable from Zymomonas mobilis, which encode pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase. 2 figs.

Ingram, L.O.; Barbosa-Alleyne, M.D.F.

1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

277

Positioning the CAFCR Method in the World  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter positions the CAFCR architecting methods realtive to other methods. The other methods originate in software architecting, system architecting and system engineering, and more general systems science. Some background is given of the IEEE 1471 standard that has proven to be to be a useful fundament for the CAFCR method.

Gerrit Muller

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

CV OF MICHAEL MEGRELISHVILI PRESENT POSITION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Mechanics Department, Tbilisi State Univer- sity. ACADEMIC POSITIONS 2003-present Associate Professor, Bar. of Sciences, Tbilisi) TEACHING EXPERIENCE: a) Bar-Ilan University 1992­present b) Ashkelon College 1996­present c) Ariel College 1995­2001 d) Tbilisi Mathematical Institute 1985-1990 e) Tbilisi State University

Megrelishvili, Michael

279

Positive and inverse isotope effect on superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article improves the BCS theory to include the inverse isotope effect on superconductivity. An affective model can be deduced from the model including electron-phonon interactions, and the phonon-induced attraction is simply and clearly explained on the electron Green function. The focus of this work is on how the positive or inverse isotope effect occurs in superconductors.

Tian De Cao

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

280

Regina vs Hubbs: Determining the Sun's Position  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here I determined the Sun's position as an expert witness for crown counsel. From my calculations I found the Sun's location in the sky was such that it could not impede the driver's vision, as a result it could not have been the reason for the accused to be involved in a motor vehicle accident.

Samra, Raminder Singh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

COLORADO NATURAL HERITAGE PROGRAM Position Announcement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interpreting aerial photos and other pertinent information to select sites, determining land ownership, and completing Heritage Program field survey forms. This position will require extensive travel and long days. Experience interpreting aerial photographs and topographic maps. #12;5. Willingness to travel much

282

The Sound Emission Board of the KM3NeT Acoustic Positioning System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the sound emission board proposed for installation in the acoustic positioning system of the future KM3NeT underwater neutrino telescope. The KM3NeT European consortium aims to build a multi-cubic kilometre underwater neutrino telescope in the deep Mediterranean Sea. In this kind of telescope the mechanical structures holding the optical sensors, which detect the Cherenkov radiation produced by muons emanating from neutrino interactions, are not completely rigid and can move up to dozens of meters in undersea currents. Knowledge of the position of the optical sensors to an accuracy of about 10 cm is needed for adequate muon track reconstruction. A positioning system based on the acoustic triangulation of sound transit time differences between fixed seabed emitters and receiving hydrophones attached to the kilometre-scale vertical flexible structures carrying the optical sensors is being developed. In this paper, we describe the sound emission board developed in the framework of KM3NeT project, whi...

Llorens, C D; Sogorb, T; Bou--Cabo, M; Martínez-Mora, J A; Larosa, G; Adrián-Martínez, S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Nuclear k_T in d+Au Collisions from Multiparticle Jet Reconstruction at STAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the most recent nuclear k_T measurements from STAR derived from multiparticle jet reconstruction of d+Au and p+p collisions at sqrt(s)=200 GeV. Since jets reconstructed from multiple particles are relatively free of fragmentation biases, nuclear k_T can be measured with greater certainty in this way than with traditional di-hadron correlations. Multi-particle jet reconstruction can also be used for a direct measurement of the fragmentation function.

Thomas Henry

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Three-view stereoscopy in dusty plasmas under microgravity: A calibration and reconstruction approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-camera stereoscopy setup is presented that allows to reconstruct the trajectories of particles in dusty plasmas under microgravity. The calibration procedure for the three-camera setup takes the special circumstances into account that occur in close-range imaging of small particles. Additionally, a reconstruction algorithm is presented that is based on the epipolar geometry and delivers the essential particle correspondences. Further improvements are achieved by analyzing the dynamic particle behavior. Two applications of our calibration and reconstruction procedure are presented: A two-dimensional dust structure in the laboratory with a large percentage of hidden particles, and particles inside the void of a dust cloud under microgravity.

Himpel, Michael; Buttenschoen, Birger; Melzer, Andre [Institut fuer Physik, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitaet Greifswald, 17489 Greifswald (Germany)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

285

SPARSE ACQUISITION AND RECONSTRUCTION FOR SOME COMPUTER VISION PROBLEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sparse representation, acquisition and reconstruction of signals guided by theory of Compressive Sensing (CS) has become an active research research topic over the last few years. Sparse representations effectively capture the idea of parsimony enabling novel acquisition schemes including sub-Nyquist sampling. Ideas from CS have had significant impact on well established fields such as signal acquisition, machine learning and statistics and have also inspired new areas of research such as low rank matrix completion. In this dissertation we apply CS ideas to low-level computer vision problems. The contribution of this dissertation is to show that CS theory is an important addition to the existing computational toolbox in computer vision and pattern recognition, particularly in data representation and processing. Additionally, in each of the problems we show how sparse representation helps in improved modeling of the underlying data leading to novel applications and better understanding of existing problems. In our work, the impact of CS is most felt in the acquisition of videos with novel camera designs. We build prototype cameras with slow sensors capable ofcapturing at an order of magnitude higher temporal resolution. First, we propose

Nagilla Dikpal Reddy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

LBS Position Estimation by Adaptive Selection of Positioning Sensors Based on Requested QoS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With increasing attractiveness of location-based services (LBS), the need for consistent establishment and deployment of the LBS Quality of Service (QoS) hierarchy is strongly demanded. The position estimation is in the heart of every location-based ... Keywords: Location Based Services (LBS) QoS Positioning Sensor Selection

Renato Filjar; Lidija Buši?; Saša Deši?; Darko Huljeni?

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Criteria for SES Positions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Executive Resources » Senior Executive Service (SES) Services » Executive Resources » Senior Executive Service (SES) » Criteria for SES Positions Criteria for SES Positions Initial career appointments to the SES must be made following competitive merit staffing requirements. Agencies must announce SES vacancies that will be filled by initial career appointment to at least all Federal civil service employees. Vacancies are published on the USAJOBS Veteran's preference does not apply to SES selections. An Executive Resources Board (ERB) is convened to conduct the merit staffing process. The ERB reviews the executive qualifications of each eligible candidate and make recommendations to the appointing official concerning the candidates. Upon tentative selection, a Qualifications Review Board (QRB) administered by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM)

288

Positive Energy Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Positive Energy Inc Positive Energy Inc Place Arlington, Virginia Zip 22201 Sector Efficiency Product Demand-response and efficiency company which uses behavioral science and targeted direct marketing to reduce energy consumption. Coordinates 43.337585°, -89.379449° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.337585,"lon":-89.379449,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

289

Article mounting and position adjustment stage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved adjustment and mounting stage of the type used for the detection of laser beams is disclosed. A ring sensor holder has locating pins on a first side thereof which are positioned within a linear keyway in a surrounding housing for permitting reciprocal movement of the ring along the keyway. A rotatable ring gear is positioned within the housing on the other side of the ring from the linear keyway and includes an oval keyway which drives the ring along the linear keyway upon rotation of the gear. Motor-driven single-stage and dual (x, y) stage adjustment systems are disclosed which are of compact construction and include a large laser transmission hole. 6 figs.

Cutburth, R.W.; Silva, L.L.

1988-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

290

Multigigahertz beam-current and position monitor  

SciTech Connect

A self-integrating magnetic-loop device having a risetime of less than 175 ps has been developed to monitor the temporal behavior of the electron beam current and position within each 3.3-ns micropulse generated by the PHERMEX rf linear accelerator. Beam current is measured with a 2-GHz bandwidth by combining these loops in a four-port hybrid summer. Another application of these loops uses two 180/sup 0/ hybrids to give 2-GHz time-resolved beam position to an accuracy of 1 mm. These sensors are nonintrusive to the propagating beam and allow ultrafast beam measurements previously restricted to the technique of recording the Cerenkov-light emission from an intercepting Kapton foil using a streak camera.

Carlson, R.L.; Stout, L.E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Benefits for SES Positions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Executive Resources » Senior Executive Service (SES) Executive Resources » Senior Executive Service (SES) » Benefits for SES Positions Benefits for SES Positions Leave SES members are entitled to accrue annual leave at the rate of 8 hours per biweekly pay period and can accumulate a total of up to 90 days of annual leave per pay calendar year. All Federal employees including SES members earn 13 days of sick leave per pay calendar year. There is no ceiling on the amount of sick leave that may be carried over from year to year. Home Leave SES members who have completed 24 months of continuous service outside the United States may be granted leave of absence at a rate not to exceed 1 week for each 4 months of service. The leave is for use in the United States or if the employee's residence is outside the are of employment,

292

Large scale reconstruction of haplotypes from genotype data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Critical to the understanding of the genetic basis for complex diseases is the modeling of human variation. Most of this variation can be characterized by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) which are mutations at a single nucleotide position. To ... Keywords: haplotype resolution, perfect phylogeny, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)

Eleazar Eskin; Eran Halperin; Richard M. Karp

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Silent Positioning in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a silent positioning scheme termed as UPS for underwater acoustic sensor networks. UPS relies on the time-difference of arrivals measured locally at a sensor to detect range differences from the sensor to four anchor nodes. These range differences are averaged over multiple beacon intervals before they are combined to estimate the 3D sensor location through trilateration. UPS requires no time-synchronization and provides location privacy at underwater vehicles/sensors whose locations need to be determined. To study the performance of UPS, we model the underwater acoustic channel as a modified Ultra Wide Band (UWB) S-V model: the arrival of each path cluster and paths within each cluster follow double Poisson distributions, and the multipath channel gain follows a Rician distribution. Based on this channel model, we perform both theoretical analysis and simulation study on the position error of UPS under acoustic fading channels. The obtained results indicate that UPS is an effective scheme for underwater vehicle/sensor self-positioning.

Xiuzhen Cheng; Haining Shu; Qilian Liang; David Hung-chang Du

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Apparatus And Method For Reconstructing Data Using Cross-Parity Stripes On Storage Media  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for reconstructing missing data using cross-parity stripes on a storage medium is provided. The apparatus and method may operate on data symbols having sizes greater than a data bit. The apparatus and method makes use of a plurality of parity stripes for reconstructing missing data stripes. The parity symbol values in the parity stripes are used as a basis for determining the value of the missing data symbol in a data stripe. A correction matrix is shifted along the data stripes, correcting missing data symbols as it is shifted. The correction is performed from the outside data stripes towards the inner data stripes to thereby use previously reconstructed data symbols to reconstruct other missing data symbols.

Hughes, James Prescott (Lino Lakes, MN)

2003-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

295

Edge-Preserving Image Reconstruction with Wavelet-Domain Edge Continuation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The standard approach to image reconstruction is to stabilize the problem by including an edge-preserving roughness penalty in addition to faithfulness to the data. However, this methodology produces noisy object boundaries and creates a staircase effect. ...

Marc C. Robini; Pierre-Jean Viverge; Yue-Min Zhu; Isabelle E. Magnin

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Degradation identification and model parameter estimation in discontinuity-adaptive visual reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes our recent experiences and progress towards an efficient solution of the highly ill-posed and computationally demanding problem of blind and unsupervised visual reconstruction. Our case study is image restoration, i.e. deblurring ...

Anna Tonazzini; Luigi Bedini

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Observation of Interference Patterns in Reconstructed Digital Holograms of Atmospheric Ice Crystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The observation of interference patterns in reconstructed digital holograms of natural ice crystals is reported. It is suggested that an investigation of the interference fringes’ origin will yield a new application of holography in atmospheric ...

Sebastian M. F. Raupach

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Large-Eddy Simulation of the Stable Boundary Layer with Explicit Filtering and Reconstruction Turbulence Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-eddy simulation (LES) of the stably stratified atmospheric boundary layer is performed using an explicit filtering and reconstruction approach with a finite difference method. Turbulent stresses are split into the resolvable subfilter-scale ...

Bowen Zhou; Fotini Katopodes Chow

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Greenland Ice Sheet Mass Balance Reconstruction. Part II: Surface Mass Balance (1840–2010)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meteorological station records, ice cores, and regional climate model output are combined to develop a continuous 171-yr (1840–2010) reconstruction of Greenland ice sheet climatic surface mass balance (Bclim) and its subcomponents including near-...

Jason E. Box

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

A New Approach in Metal Artifact Reduction for CT 3D Reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 3D representation of CT scans is widely used in medical application such as virtual endoscopy, plastic reconstructive surgery, dental implant planning systems and more. Metallic objects present in CT studies cause strong artifacts like beam hardening ...

Valery Naranjo; Roberto Llorens; Patricia Paniagua; Mariano Alcañiz; Salvador Albalat

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Testing the Fidelity of Methods Used in Proxy-Based Reconstructions of Past Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two widely used statistical approaches to reconstructing past climate histories from climate “proxy” data such as tree rings, corals, and ice cores are investigated using synthetic “pseudoproxy” data derived from a simulation of forced climate ...

Michael E. Mann; Scott Rutherford; Eugene Wahl; Caspar Ammann

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Prefiltered B-Spline Reconstruction for Hardware-Accelerated Rendering of Optimally Sampled Volumetric Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper odd-order B-spline filters are proposed to reconstruct volumetric data sampled on an optimal Body-Centered Cubic (BCC) grid. To make these filters nearly interpolating, we adapt a previously published framework, which is based on a discrete frequency-domain prefiltering. It is shown that a BCC-sampled B-spline kernel is not invertible, therefore the interpolation constraint cannot be satisfied by a discrete prefiltering. To remedy this problem, we use a slightly modified discrete Bspline for prefiltering, which is proven to be invertible. Although this modification leads to an approximation, the proposed prefiltered B-spline reconstruction of BCC-sampled data still provides much higher image quality than the interpolating prefiltered B-spline reconstruction of volume data sampled on an equivalent Cartesian Cubic (CC) grid. Furthermore, our method directly supports an efficient implementation on a conventional graphics hardware, unlike the previous reconstruction methods developed for the BCC grid.

Balázs Csébfalvi; Markus Hadwiger

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Reconstruction of Historical Climate in China: High-Resolution Precipitation Data from Qing Dynasty Archives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chinese historical documents that contain descriptions of weather conditions can be used for studying climate of the past hundreds or even thousands of years. In this study, the progress of reconstructing a 273-station quantitative precipitation ...

Q-S. Ge; J-Y. Zheng; Z-X. Hao; P-Y. Zhang; W-C. Wang

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Improving government : the impact of Indonesia's BRR beyond the tsunami reconstruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustainable disaster recovery is increasingly understood as a comprehensive process that extends beyond physical reconstruction to include efforts to improve the affected communities' ability to adapt, respond and be more ...

Broid Krauze, Daniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Extended Reconstruction of Global Sea Surface Temperatures Based on COADS Data (1854–1997)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A monthly extended reconstruction of global SST (ERSST) is produced based on Comprehensive Ocean–Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) release 2 observations from the 1854–1997 period. Improvements come from the use of updated COADS observations with new ...

Thomas M. Smith; Richard W. Reynolds

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

On the sensitivity of field reconstruction and prediction using Empirical Orthogonal Functions derived from gappy data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) Analysis is commonly used in the climate sciences and elsewhere to describe, reconstruct, and predict highly dimensional data fields. When data contain a high percentage of missing values (i.e. “gappy”), ...

Marc H. Taylor; Martin Losch; Manfred Wenzel; Jens Schröter

307

Chaotic Analog-to-Information Conversion: Principle and Reconstructability with Parameter Identifiability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper proposes a chaos-based analog-to-information conversion system for the acquisition and reconstruction of sparse analog signals. The sparse signal acts as an excitation term of a continuous-time chaotic system and the compressive measurements are performed by sampling chaotic system outputs. The reconstruction is realized through the estimation of the sparse coefficients with principle of chaotic parameter estimation. With the deterministic formulation, the analysis on the reconstructability is conducted via the sensitivity matrix from the parameter identifiability of chaotic systems. For the sparsity-regularized nonlinear least squares estimation, it is shown that the sparse signal is locally reconstructable if the columns of the sparsity-regularized sensitivity matrix are linearly independent. A Lorenz system excited by the sparse multitone signal is taken as an example to illustrate the principle and the performance.

Feng Xi; Sheng Yao Chen; Zhong Liu

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

308

A Tree-Ring-Based Reconstruction of Delaware River Basin Streamflow Using Hierarchical Bayesian Regression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hierarchical Bayesian regression model is presented for reconstructing the average summer streamflow at five gauges in the Delaware River basin using eight regional tree-ring chronologies. The model provides estimates of the posterior ...

Naresh Devineni; Upmanu Lall; Neil Pederson; Edward Cook

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

On the Origin of the Standardization Sensitivity in RegEM Climate Field Reconstructions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The regularized expectation maximization (RegEM) method has been used in recent studies to derive climate field reconstructions of Northern Hemisphere temperatures during the last millennium. Original pseudoproxy experiments that tested RegEM [...

Jason E. Smerdon; Alexey Kaplan; Diana Chang

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Late-Eighteenth-Century Precipitation Reconstructions from James Madison's Montpelier Plantation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents two independent reconstructions of precipitation from James Madison's Montpelier plantation at the end of the eighteenth century. The first is transcribed directly from meteorological diaries recorded by the Madison family for ...

Daniel L. Druckenbrod; Michael E. Mann; David W. Stahle; Malcolm K. Cleaveland; Matthew D. Therrell; Herman H. Shugart

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Detection of Human Influence on a New, Validated 1500-Year Temperature Reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate records over the last millennium place the twentieth-century warming in a longer historical context. Reconstructions of millennial temperatures show a wide range of variability, raising questions about the reliability of currently ...

Gabriele C. Hegerl; Thomas J. Crowley; Myles Allen; William T. Hyde; Henry N. Pollack; Jason Smerdon; Eduardo Zorita

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Observation of B?s - B??s oscillations using partially reconstructed hadronic Bs decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the contribution of partially reconstructed hadronic decays in the world's first observation of B?s - B??s oscillations. The analysis is a core member of a suite of closely related studies whose ...

Miles, Jeffrey Robert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Reconstructing the NH Mean Temperature: Can Underestimation of Trends and Variability Be Avoided?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are indications that hemispheric-mean climate reconstructions seriously underestimate the amplitude of low-frequency variability and trends. Some of the theory of linear regression and error-in-variables models is reviewed to identify the ...

Bo Christiansen

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

An Upwind-Biased Transport Scheme Using a Quadratic Reconstruction on Spherical Icosahedral Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several transport schemes developed for spherical icosahedral grids are based on the piecewise linear approximation. The simplest one among them uses an algorithm where the tracer distribution in the upwind side of a cell face is reconstructed ...

Hiroaki Miura; William C. Skamarock

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Interfacial Reconstruction and Superconductivity in YBa2Cu3O7-x ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Interfacial Reconstruction and Superconductivity in YBa2Cu3O7-x and Pr0.68Ca0.32MnO3 Superlattices. Author(s), Jonas Norpoth, Dong Su, ...

316

Genetic algorithms applied to reconstructing coded imaging of neutrons and analysis of residual watermark  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monte-Carlo simulation of neutron coded imaging based on encoding aperture for Z-pinch of large field-of-view with 5 mm radius has been investigated, and then the coded image has been obtained. Reconstruction method of source image based on genetic algorithms (GA) has been established. 'Residual watermark,' which emerges unavoidably in reconstructed image, while the peak normalization is employed in GA fitness calculation because of its statistical fluctuation amplification, has been discovered and studied. Residual watermark is primarily related to the shape and other parameters of the encoding aperture cross section. The properties and essential causes of the residual watermark were analyzed, while the identification on equivalent radius of aperture was provided. By using the equivalent radius, the reconstruction can also be accomplished without knowing the point spread function (PSF) of actual aperture. The reconstruction result is close to that by using PSF of the actual aperture.

Zhang Tiankui; Hu Huasi; Jia Qinggang; Zhang Fengna; Liu Zhihua; Hu Guang; Guo Wei [School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); Chen Da [School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); College of Material Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China); Li Zhenghong [Institute of Nuclear Physics and Chemistry, CAEP, Mianyang, 621900 Sichuan (China); Wu Yuelei [School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); Nuclear and Radiation Safety Centre, State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), Beijing 100082 (China)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Frost-Free Record Reconstruction for Eastern Massachusetts, 1733–1980  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A reconstruction methodology utilizing such varied documents as diaries, agricultural journals, U.S. Weather Bureau killing frost records and instrumental records is discussed. A resultant 248-year frost record for eastern Massachusetts exhibits ...

William R. Baron; Geoffrey A. Gordon; Harold W. Borns Jr.; David C. Smith

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Reconstructing Streamflow Time Series in Central Arizona Using Monthly Precipitation and Tree Ring Records  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An adaptive, three-way interpolation model based on multiple discriminant analysis, multiple linear regression, and normal ratio methods was used to reconstruct streamflows for three gauges in central Arizona for the period from 1580, using ...

Kenneth C. Young

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

On the digital reconstruction and interactive presentation of heritage sites through time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual time travel from existing remains of a heritage site to its previous states and original condition is an educational and interesting experience and can provide better understanding of history. However, digitally reconstructing non-existing objects ...

Sabry F. El-Hakim; George MacDonald; Jean-François Lapointe; Lorenzo Gonzo; Michael Jemtrud

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Real-Time Signal Reconstruction from Short-Time Fourier Transform Magnitude Spectra using FPGAs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Beauregard, Zhu et al. proposed iterative methods which gave good results measured by the signal(mL, )| - |X (mL, )|]2 d (3) where X (n) is the estimated or reconstructed signal. Nawab, Griffin and Zhu-Beauregard

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Digitisation and 3D Reconstruction of 30 Year Old Microscopic Sections of Human Embryo, Foetus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of our approach, we show a multi-planar reconstruction and a 3-D direct volume rendering, or thin partitions, found within the orbital fat. De Haan studied the development of the bones

322

Robust and efficient photo-consistency estimation for volumetric 3d reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Estimating photo-consistency is one of the most important ingredients for any 3D stereo reconstruction technique that is based on a volumetric scene representation. This paper presents a new, illumination invariant photo-consistency measure for high ...

Alexander Hornung; Leif Kobbelt

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Sei Vojany Station repowering reconstruction assessment feasibility study. Volume 3. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The feasibility study conducted for Slovensky Energeticky Podnik(Slovak Energy Production Company) (SEP) evaluates reconstruction, repowering, and expansion of SEP's Vojany Station(EVO). The study recommends a training program for government and plant officials.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Greenland ice sheet mass balance reconstruction. Part II: surface mass balance (1840-2010)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meteorological station records, ice cores, and regional climate model output are combined to develop a continuous 171-year (1840-2010) reconstruction of Greenland ice sheet climatic surface mass balance (Bclim) and its sub-components including ...

Jason E. Box

325

Reconstruction and selection of Z ?????+?? jet +?’ s decays at the CMS experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At the LHC tau leptons are expected in final states of many important physics processes including Supersymmetry and the production of Higgs boson(s) and other exotic particles. An efficient and accurate ? reconstruction and identification are therefore an important part of the CMS physics programme. Z 0 ?? + ? ? decays are often considered the “standard candle” of tau reconstruction as they validate tau lepton identification and provide a test bench for Higgs searches (for which they constitute the main irreducible background).

Letizia Lusito; The CMS Collaboration

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Optimization of 2D image reconstruction for positron emission mammography using IDL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Clear-PEM system is a prototype machine for Positron Emission Mammography (PEM) under development within the Portuguese PET-Mammography consortium. We have embedded 2D image reconstruction algorithms implemented in IDL within the prototype's image ... Keywords: ART, Computer implementation, Emission tomography, FDG, FOM, FOV, FWHM, GEANT, IDL, Image reconstruction, Iterative algorithms, LOR, MLEM, NCAT, NME, OSEM, PEM, PET, PSF, Positron emission mammography, ROI

N. Oliveira; N. Matela; R. Bugalho; N. Ferreira; P. Almeida

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Time-Series Analysis of Reconstructed DAMA Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analysis of DAMA data (as reconstructed from DAMA publications) confirms the presence of an annual oscillation, but with a lower significance level than that claimed by DAMA. The phase of their signal is 0.39 +/- 0.02, corresponding to a peak value at about May 22, which is consistent with both the DAMA estimate and the expected phase of a dark-matter signal. However, a spectrogram analysis also shows evidence for oscillations in the frequency band 11 - 13 year-1, that are similar to oscillations found in spectrograms formed from measurements of the decay rates of 36Cl and 32Si acquired at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). One component of these oscillations (at 11.44 year-1) is prominent in DAMA/NaI data, at the 0.2% significance level (99.8% confidence level). Analyses of BNL and other nuclear decay (specifically beta decay and K-capture) measurements point to a solar influence, either by neutrinos or by some currently unknown form of radiation. The phase of the annual oscillation in DAMA data is compatible with an influence of dark matter, and is unlikely to be attributable to a purely solar influence. We also find that annual oscillations in both 133Ba decay measurements and the Troitsk tritium-decay measurements are compatible with a cosmic influence but not with a purely solar influence. These considerations raise the possibility that DAMA measurements may somehow be influenced by a combination of solar neutrinos, cosmic neutrinos, and dark matter

Peter A. Sturrock; Ephraim Fischbach; Jere H. Jenkins; Rafael Lang; Jonathan Nistor

2012-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

328

Weak Lensing Mass Reconstruction of the Galaxy Cluster Abell 209  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Weak lensing applied to deep optical images of clusters of galaxies provides a powerful tool to reconstruct the distribution of the gravitating mass associated to these structures. We use the shear signal extracted by an analysis of deep exposures of a region centered around the galaxy cluster Abell 209, at redshift z=0.2, to derive both a map of the projected mass distribution and an estimate of the total mass within a characteristic radius. We use a series of deep archival R-band images from CFHT-12k, covering an area of 0.3 deg^2. We determine the shear of background galaxy images using a new implementation of the modified Kaiser-Squires-Broadhurst pipeline for shear determination, which we has been tested against the ``Shear TEsting Program 1 and 2'' simulations. We use mass aperture statistics to produce maps of the 2 dimensional density distribution, and parametric fits using both Navarro-Frenk-White (NFW) and singular-isothermal-sphere profiles to constrain the total mass. The projected mass distribution shows a pronounced asymmetry, with an elongated structure extending from the SE to the NW. This is in general agreement with the optical distribution previously found by other authors. A similar elongation was previously detected in the X-ray emission map, and in the distribution of galaxy colours. The circular NFW mass profile fit gives a total mass of M_{200} = 7.7^{+4.3}_{-2.7} 10^{14} solar masses inside the virial radius r_{200} = 1.8\\pm 0.3 Mpc. The weak lensing profile reinforces the evidence for an elongated structure of Abell 209, as previously suggested by studies of the galaxy distribution and velocities.

S. Paulin-Henriksson; V. Antonuccio-Delogu; C. P. Haines; M. Radovich; A. Mercurio; U. Becciani

2007-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

329

System and method for acquisition management of subject position information  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for acquisition management of subject position information that utilizes radio frequency identification (RF ID) to store position information in position tags. Tag programmers receive position information from external positioning systems, such as the Global Positioning System (GPS), from manual inputs, such as keypads, or other tag programmers. The tag programmers program each position tag with the received position information. Both the tag programmers and the position tags can be portable or fixed. Implementations include portable tag programmers and fixed position tags for subject position guidance, and portable tag programmers for collection sample labeling. Other implementations include fixed tag programmers and portable position tags for subject route recordation. Position tags can contain other associated information such as destination address of an affixed subject for subject routing.

Carrender, Curt (Morgan Hill, CA)

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

330

CMS reconstruction improvement for the muon tracking by the RPC chambers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The contribution of Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) to muon reconstruction in CMS has been studied on a sample of muons collected in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV at the LHC in 2011. Muon reconstruction is performed using the all-silicon inner tracker and with up to four stations of gas-ionization muon detectors. Drift Tubes and Cathode Strip Chambers detect muons in the barrel and endcap regions, respectively, and are complemented by the RPC system. Measured distributions of reconstructed hits in the RPCs crossed by muons from Z decays with a transverse momentum pT above 20 GeV/c are well reproduced by the Monte Carlo simulation. From the samples of J/psi and Z events, the efficiencies for muons with and without the inclusion of the RPC hits in the muon track reconstruction are measured and compared with the simulation. Using RPC information in track reconstruction improves up to about 3% of offline reconstruction efficiency for the muons in the region of pT above 7 GeV/c, in good agreement with simulation.

Min Suk Kim on behalf of the CMS Collaboration

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

331

SELF-CENTERING POSITIVE LOCKING GRAPNEL  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A grapnel used for remotely securing a load to be hoisted is described. The grapnel of the invention is generally conical in shape with a plurality of semi-open bores laterally disposed about the device. The bores meet at the apex of the grapnel and there provde a securing pocket for a spherical member. A load provided with a rigid support rod having a spherical member at its end can be secured by directing the spherical member down one of the bores and into the securing pocket. The major advantsges of the invention reside in the self- centering and positive locking features.

Hopper, C.G.

1961-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A Two Bunch Beam Position Monitor  

SciTech Connect

A new beam position monitor digitizer module has been designed, tested and tuned at SLAC. This module, the electron-positron beam position monitor (epBPM), measures position of single electron and positron bunches for the SLC, LINAC, PEPII injections lines and final focus. The epBPM has been designed to improve resolution of beam position measurements with respect to existing module and to speed feedback correction. The required dynamic range is from 5 x 10{sup 8} to 10{sup 11} particles per bunch (46dB). The epBPM input signal range is from {+-}2.5 mV to {+-}500 mV. The pulse-to-pulse resolution is less than 2 {mu}m for 5 x 10{sup 10} particles per bunch for the 12 cm long striplines, covering 30{sup o} at 9 mm radius. The epBPM module has been made in CAMAC standard, single width slot, with SLAC type timing connector. 45 modules have been fabricated. The epBPM module has four input channels X{sup +}, X{sup -}, Y{sup +}, Y{sup -} (Fig. 1), named to correspond with coordinates of four striplines - two in horizontal and two in vertical planes, processing signals to the epBPM inputs. The epBPM inputs are split for eight signal processing channels to catch two bunches, first - the positron, then the electron bunch in one cycle of measurements. The epBPM has internal and external trigger modes of operations. The internal mode has two options - with or without external timing, catching only first bunch in the untimed mode. The epBPM has an on board calibration circuit for measuring gain of the signal processing channels and for timing scan of programmable digital delays to synchronize the trigger and the epBPM input signal's peak. There is a mode for pedestal measurements. The epBPM has 3.6 {mu}s conversion time.

Medvedko, E.; Aiello, R.; Smith, S.; /SLAC

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

333

Positron source position sensing detector and electronics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positron source, position sensing device, particularly with medical applications, in which positron induced gamma radiation is detected using a ring of stacked, individual scintillation crystals, a plurality of photodetectors, separated from the scintillation crystals by a light guide, and high resolution position interpolation electronics. Preferably the scintillation crystals are several times more numerous than the photodetectors with each crystal being responsible for a single scintillation event from a received gamma ray. The light guide will disperse the light emitted from gamma ray absorption over several photodetectors. Processing electronics for the output of the photodetectors resolves the location of the scintillation event to a fraction of the dimension of each photodetector. Because each positron absorption results in two 180.degree. oppositely traveling gamma rays, the detection of scintillation in pairs permits location of the positron source in a manner useful for diagnostic purposes. The processing electronics simultaneously responds to the outputs of the photodetectors to locate the scintillations to the source crystal. While it is preferable that the scintillation crystal include a plurality of stacked crystal elements, the resolving power of the processing electronics is also applicable to continuous crystal scintillators.

Burnham, Charles A. (South Essex, MA); Bradshaw, Jr., John F. (Winthrop, MA); Kaufman, David E. (Brockton, MA); Chesler, David A. (Newton Highlands, MA); Brownell, Gordon L. (Cambridge, MA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Quantum Gravitational Uncertainty of Transverse Position  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is argued that holographic bounds on the information content of spacetime might be directly measurable. A new holographic uncertainty principle is conjectured as a quantum property of nearly flat spacetime: The spatial wavefunction of a body at rest at position L relative to any observer has a width in directions transverse to L greater than Delta x_H=C(Ll_P)^{1/2}, where l_p denotes the Planck length and C is of the order of unity. It is shown that this angular uncertainty Delta theta > C (l_P/L)^{1/2} corresponds to the information loss and nonlocality that occur if 3D space has a holographic dual description in terms of Planck-scale waves on a 2D screen with encoding close to the diffraction limit, and agrees with covariant holographic entropy bounds on total number of degrees of freedom. It is estimated that this effect can be precisely tested by interferometers capable of transverse position measurements, such as the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna.

Hogan, Craig J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

High speed curved position sensitive detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high speed curved position sensitive porportional counter detector for use in x-ray diffraction, the detection of 5-20 keV photons and the like. The detector employs a planar anode assembly of a plurality of parallel metallic wires. This anode assembly is supported between two cathode planes, with at least one of these cathode planes having a serpentine resistive path in the form of a meander having legs generally perpendicular to the anode wires. This meander is produced by special microelectronic fabrication techniques whereby the meander "wire" fans outwardly at the cathode ends to produce the curved aspect of the detector, and the legs of the meander are small in cross-section and very closely spaced whereby a spatial resolution of about 50 .mu.m can be achieved. All of the other performance characteristics are about as good or better than conventional position sensitive proportional counter type detectors. Count rates of up to 40,000 counts per second with 0.5 .mu.s shaping time constants are achieved.

Hendricks, Robert W. (Montgomery County, VA); Wilson, Jack W. (Knox County, TN)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, &  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes Guidance Memorandum #23 DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes This document provides assistance in determining whether a new position should be designated as permanent or nonpermanent (temporary), to provide examples of the various types of appointments and personnel actions that can be used with position determinations, and to define the associated Corporate Human Resource Information System (CHRIS) position codes. Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes Responsible Contacts Bruce Murray HR Policy Advisor E-mail bruce.murray@hq.doe.gov

337

Enforcement Guidance Supplement 02-01: Enforcement Position Relative...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enforcement Position Relative to 10 CFR 835 Bioassay Accreditation Enforcement Guidance Supplement 02-01: Enforcement Position Relative to 10 CFR 835 Bioassay Accreditation...

338

Experiment on a Modeling of Positive Electrodes with Multiple...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experiment on a Modeling of Positive Electrodes with Multiple Active Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries Title Experiment on a Modeling of Positive Electrodes with Multiple Active...

339

NREL Report Highlights Positive Economic Impact and Job Creation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agencies You are here Home NREL Report Highlights Positive Economic Impact and Job Creation from 1603 Renewable Energy Grant Program NREL Report Highlights Positive Economic...

340

DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, &  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes Guidance Memorandum #23 DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes This document provides assistance in determining whether a new position should be designated as permanent or nonpermanent (temporary), to provide examples of the various types of appointments and personnel actions that can be used with position determinations, and to define the associated Corporate Human Resource Information System (CHRIS) position codes. Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes Responsible Contacts Bruce Murray HR Policy Advisor E-mail bruce.murray@hq.doe.gov

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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341

Positive Energy S A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A A Jump to: navigation, search Name Positive Energy S.A Place Athens, Greece Zip 115 27 Sector Buildings, Efficiency, Solar Product Developer of solar parks and implements energy efficiency measures for buildings in Greece and south-eastern Europe. Coordinates 37.97615°, 23.736415° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.97615,"lon":23.736415,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

342

Two-dimensional position sensitive radiation detectors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Nuclear reaction detectors capable of position sensitivity with submillimeter resolution in two dimensions are each provided by placing arrays of scintillation or wavelength shifting optical fibers formed of a plurality of such optical fibers in a side-by-side relationship in X and Y directions with a layer of nuclear reactive material operatively associated with surface regions of the optical fiber arrays. Each nuclear reaction occurring in the layer of nuclear reactive material produces energetic particles for simultaneously providing a light pulse in a single optical fiber in the X oriented array and in a single optical fiber in the Y oriented array. These pulses of light are transmitted to a signal producing circuit for providing signals indicative of the X-Y coordinates of each nuclear event. 6 figures.

Mihalczo, J.T.

1994-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

343

Position, rotation, and intensity invariant recognizing method  

SciTech Connect

A method for recognizing the presence of a particular target in a field of view which is target position, rotation, and intensity invariant includes the preparing of a target-specific invariant filter from a combination of all eigen-modes of a pattern of the particular target. Coherent radiation from the field of view is then imaged into an optical correlator in which the invariant filter is located. The invariant filter is rotated in the frequency plane of the optical correlator in order to produce a constant-amplitude rotational response in a correlation output plane when the particular target is present in the field of view. Any constant response is thus detected in the output The U.S. Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC04-76DP00789 between the U.S. Department of Energy and AT&T Technologies, Inc.

Ochoa, Ellen (Pleasanton, CA); Schils, George F. (San Ramon, CA); Sweeney, Donald W. (Alamo, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Management: Global positioning and wireless dispatching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last several years, my company has been supplying many service companies with wireless dispatching solutions. Recently the impact of the system has been greatly increased with the introduction of a GPS (Global Position Systems) interface. This adds visual recognition as to the whereabouts of each vehicle within the customer service area. The only equipment required in the field for GPS is a transmit/receive device and a wireless modem, one mounted out of the way in the vehicle (under the seat) and a {open_quotes}hockey puck{close_quotes} size unit on the roof of the vehicle. The GPS received unit and wireless modem are used to retrieve the longitude, latitude and ground speed coordinates and transmit them back to the host system.

Wood, M. [ICC International, Cedar Knolls, NJ (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Health Physics Positions Data Base: Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The Health Physics Positions (HPPOS) Data Base of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is a collection of NRC staff positions on a wide range of topics involving radiation protection (health physics). It consists of 328 documents in the form of letters, memoranda, and excerpts from technical reports. The HPPOS Data Base was developed by the NRC Headquarters and Regional Offices to help ensure uniformity in inspections, enforcement, and licensing actions. Staff members of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have assisted the NRC staff in summarizing the documents during the preparation of this NUREG report. These summaries are also being made available as a {open_quotes}stand alone{close_quotes} software package for IBM and IBM-compatible personal computers. The software package for this report is called HPPOS Version 2.0. A variety of indexing schemes were used to increase the usefulness of the NUREG report and its associated software. The software package and the summaries in the report are written in the context of the {open_quotes}new{close_quotes} 10 CFR Part 20 ({section}{section}20.1001--20.2401). The purpose of this NUREG report is to allow interested individuals to familiarize themselves with the contents of the HPPOS Data Base and with the basis of many NRC decisions and regulations. The HPPOS summaries and original documents are intended to serve as a source of information for radiation protection programs at nuclear research and power reactors, nuclear medicine, and other industries that either process or use nuclear materials.

Kerr, G.D.; Borges, T.; Stafford, R.S.; Lu, P.Y. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Carter, D. [US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)] [US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

1000 years of the olympic games: treasures of ancient Greece. digital reconstruction at the home of the gods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: 3D, Zeus, anaglyph, ancient Olympia, digital, digital cultural heritage, heritage, laser scan, panoramic photography, polarised, three dimensions, virtual reconstruction, web, zoomable

Sarah Kenderdine

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Position, rotation, and intensity invariant recognizing method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for recognizing the presence of a particular target in a field of view which is target position, rotation, and intensity invariant includes the preparing of a target-specific invariant filter from a combination of all eigen-modes of a pattern of the particular target. Coherent radiation from the field of view is then imaged into an optical correlator in which the invariant filter is located. The invariant filter is rotated in the frequency plane of the optical correlator in order to produce a constant-amplitude rotational response in a correlation output plane when the particular target is present in the field of view. Any constant response is thus detected in the output plane to determine whether a particular target is present in the field of view. Preferably, a temporal pattern is imaged in the output plane with a optical detector having a plurality of pixels and a correlation coefficient for each pixel is determined by accumulating the intensity and intensity-square of each pixel. The orbiting of the constant response caused by the filter rotation is also preferably eliminated either by the use of two orthogonal mirrors pivoted correspondingly to the rotation of the filter or the attaching of a refracting wedge to the filter to remove the offset angle. Detection is preferably performed of the temporal pattern in the output plane at a plurality of different angles with angular separation sufficient to decorrelate successive frames. 1 fig.

Ochoa, E.; Schils, G.F.; Sweeney, D.W.

1987-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

CLIC quadrupole stabilization and nano-positioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the Compact LInear Collider (CLIC) currently under study, electrons and positrons will be accelerated in two linear accelerators to collide at the interaction point with an energy of 0.5- 3 TeV. This machine is constituted of a succession of accelerating structures, used to accelerate the beams of particles, and electromagnets (quadrupoles) used to focus the beams. In order to ensure good performances, the quadrupoles have to be extremely stable. Additionally, they should also have the capability to move by steps of some tens of nanometers every 20 ms with a precision of +/- 1nm. This paper proposes a holistic approach to fulfill alternatively both requirements using the same device. The concept is based on piezoelectric hard mounts to isolate the quadrupoles from the ground vibrations in the sensitive range between 1 and 20 Hz, and to provide nano-positioning capabilities. It is also shown that this strategy ensures robustness to external forces (acoustic noise, water flow for the cooling, air flow for th...

Collette, C; Artoos, K; Fernandez Carmona, P; Guinchard, M; Hauviller, C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Towards an Infrastructure for Authorization - Position Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, there has been a great deal of debate about whether a large-scale "publickey infrastructure" is needed for electronic commerce and, if so, whether the technical difficulty of building and deploying such an infrastructure will impede the growth of electronic commerce. We argue here that much of the controversy is attributable to the fact that the term "public-key infrastructure" has not been clearly and correctly defined. We explain why the informal definition most often associated with the term, i.e., that of a global mapping between users' identities and public keys, is not the right definition for electronic commerce and hence that whether such a mapping can and will be built and deployed with available resources is not an especially pressing question. Finally, we describe an alternative type of infrastructural development that we believe really would enable electronic commerce. 1 Introduction It is our position that the debate over whether a large-scale public-k...

Joan Feigenbaum

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Motorized manipulator for positioning a TEM specimen  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to a motorized manipulator for positioning a TEM specimen holder with sub-micron resolution parallel to a y-z plane and rotating the specimen holder in the y-z plane, the manipulator comprising a base (2), and attachment means (30) for attaching the specimen holder to the manipulator, characterized in that the manipulator further comprises at least three nano-actuators (3.sup.a, 3.sup.b, 3.sup.c) mounted on the base, each nano-actuator showing a tip (4.sup.a, 4.sup.b, 4.sup.c), the at least three tips defining the y-z plane, each tip capable of moving with respect to the base in the y-z plane; a platform (5) in contact with the tips of the nano-actuators; and clamping means (6) for pressing the platform against the tips of the nano-actuators; as a result of which the nano-actuators can rotate the platform with respect to the base in the y-z plane and translate the platform parallel to the y-z plane.

Schmid, Andreas Karl (Berkeley, CA); Andresen, Nord (Berkeley, CA)

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

351

Tomographic reconstruction of high energy density plasmas with picosecond temporal resolution  

SciTech Connect

Three-dimensional reconstruction of the electron density in a plasma can be obtained by passing multiple beams at different field angles simultaneously through a plasma and performing a tomographic reconstruction of the measured field-dependent phase profiles. In this letter, a relatively simple experimental setup is proposed and simulations are carried out to verify the technique. The plasma distribution is modeled as a discreet number of phase screens and a Zernike polynomial representation of the phase screens is used to reconstruct the plasma profile. Using a subpicosecond laser, the complete three-dimensional electron density of the plasma can be obtained with a time resolution limited only by the transit time of the probe through the plasma.

Baker, K L

2005-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

352

Tomographic reconstruction for Wide Field Adaptive Optics systems: Fourier domain analysis and fundamental limitations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several Wide Field of view Adaptive Optics (WFAO) concepts like Multi-Conjugate AO (MCAO), Multi-Object AO (MOAO) or Ground-Layer AO (GLAO) are currently studied for the next generation of Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs). All these concepts will use atmospheric tomography to reconstruct the turbulent phase volume. In this paper, we explore different reconstruction algorithms and their fundamental limitations. We conduct this analysis in the Fourier domain. This approach allows us to derive simple analytical formulations for the different configurations, and brings a comprehensive view of WFAO limitations. We then investigate model and statistical errors and their impact on the phase reconstruction. Finally, we show some examples of different WFAO systems and their expected performance on a 42m telescope case.

B. Neichel; T. Fusco; J. -M. Conan

2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

353

Test of 3D CT reconstructions by EM + TV algorithm from undersampled data  

SciTech Connect

Computerized tomography (CT) plays an important role in medical imaging for diagnosis and therapy. However, CT imaging is connected with ionization radiation exposure of patients. Therefore, the dose reduction is an essential issue in CT. In 2011, the Expectation Maximization and Total Variation Based Model for CT Reconstruction (EM+TV) was proposed. This method can reconstruct a better image using less CT projections in comparison with the usual filtered back projection (FBP) technique. Thus, it could significantly reduce the overall dose of radiation in CT. This work reports the results of an independent numerical simulation for cone beam CT geometry with alternative virtual phantoms. As in the original report, the 3D CT images of 128 Multiplication-Sign 128 Multiplication-Sign 128 virtual phantoms were reconstructed. It was not possible to implement phantoms with lager dimensions because of the slowness of code execution even by the CORE i7 CPU.

Evseev, Ivan; Ahmann, Francielle; Silva, Hamilton P. da [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana - UTFPR/FB, 85601-970, Caixa Postal 135, Francisco Beltrao - PR (Brazil); Schelin, Hugo R. [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana-UTFPR/FB,85601-970,Caixa Postal 135,Francisco Beltrao-PR (Brazil) and Faculdades Pequeno Principe-FPP, Av. Iguacu, 333, Rebou (Brazil); Yevseyeva, Olga [Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC/ARA, 88900-000, Rua Pedro Joao Pereira, 150, Ararangua - SC (Brazil); Klock, Margio C. L. [Universidade Federal do Parana - UFPR Litoral, 80230-901, Rua Jaguaraiva 512, Caioba, Matinhos - PR (Brazil)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

354

Cerenkov angle and charge reconstruction with the RICH detector of the AMS experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) experiment to be installed on the International Space Station (ISS) will be equipped with a proximity focusing Ring Imaging Cerenkov (RICH) detector, for measurements of particle electric charge and velocity. In this note, two possible methods for reconstructing the Cerenkov angle and the electric charge with the RICH, are discussed. A Likelihood method for the Cerenkov angle reconstruction was applied leading to a velocity determination for protons with a resolution of around 0.1%. The existence of a large fraction of background photons which can vary from event to event, implied a charge reconstruction method based on an overall efficiency estimation on an event-by-event basis.

F. Barao; L. Arruda; J. Borges; P. Goncalves; M. Pimenta; I. Perez

2002-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

355

Method and apparatus for reconstructing in-cylinder pressure and correcting for signal decay  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method comprises steps for reconstructing in-cylinder pressure data from a vibration signal collected from a vibration sensor mounted on an engine component where it can generate a signal with a high signal-to-noise ratio, and correcting the vibration signal for errors introduced by vibration signal charge decay and sensor sensitivity. The correction factors are determined as a function of estimated motoring pressure and the measured vibration signal itself with each of these being associated with the same engine cycle. Accordingly, the method corrects for charge decay and changes in sensor sensitivity responsive to different engine conditions to allow greater accuracy in the reconstructed in-cylinder pressure data. An apparatus is also disclosed for practicing the disclosed method, comprising a vibration sensor, a data acquisition unit for receiving the vibration signal, a computer processing unit for processing the acquired signal and a controller for controlling the engine operation based on the reconstructed in-cylinder pressure.

Huang, Jian

2013-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

356

HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE OF MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC TURBULENCE IN POSITION-POSITION-VELOCITY SPACE  

SciTech Connect

Magnetohydrodynamic turbulence is able to create hierarchical structures in the interstellar medium (ISM) that are correlated on a wide range of scales via the energy cascade. We use hierarchical tree diagrams known as dendrograms to characterize structures in synthetic position-position-velocity (PPV) emission cubes of isothermal magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. We show that the structures and degree of hierarchy observed in PPV space are related to the presence of self-gravity and the global sonic and Alfvenic Mach numbers. Simulations with higher Alfvenic Mach number, self-gravity and supersonic flows display enhanced hierarchical structure. We observe a strong dependency on the sonic and Alfvenic Mach numbers and self-gravity when we apply the statistical moments (i.e., mean, variance, skewness, kurtosis) to the leaf and node distribution of the dendrogram. Simulations with self-gravity, larger magnetic field and higher sonic Mach number have dendrogram distributions with higher statistical moments. Application of the dendrogram to three-dimensional density cubes, also known as position-position-position (PPP) cubes, reveals that the dominant emission contours in PPP and PPV are related for supersonic gas but not for subsonic. We also explore the effects of smoothing, thermal broadening, and velocity resolution on the dendrograms in order to make our study more applicable to observational data. These results all point to hierarchical tree diagrams as being a promising additional tool for studying ISM turbulence and star forming regions for obtaining information on the degree of self-gravity, the Mach numbers and the complicated relationship between PPV and PPP data.

Burkhart, Blakesley; Lazarian, A. [Astronomy Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 475 N. Charter St., WI 53711 (United States); Goodman, Alyssa [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-78, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Rosolowsky, Erik [University of British Columbia, Okanagan Campus, 3333 University Way, Kelowna BC V1V 1V7 (Canada)

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

357

Voxel-Based Dose Reconstruction for Total Body Irradiation With Helical TomoTherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: We have developed a megavoltage CT (MVCT)-based dose reconstruction strategy for total body irradiation (TBI) with helical TomoTherapy (HT) using a deformable registration model to account for the patient's interfraction changes. The proposed technique serves as an efficient tool for delivered dose verification and, potentially, plan adaptation. Methods and Materials: Four patients with acute myelogenous leukemia treated with TBI using HT were selected for this study. The prescription was 12 Gy, 2 Gy/fraction, twice per day, given at least 6 h apart. The original plan achieved coverage of 80% of the clinical target volume (CTV) by the 12 Gy isodose surface. MVCTs were acquired prior to each treatment. Regions of interest were contoured on each MVCT. The dose for each fraction was calculated based on the MVCT using the HT planned adaptive station. B-spline deformable registration was conducted to establish voxel-to-voxel correspondence between the MVCT and the planning CT. The resultant deformation vector was employed to map the reconstructed dose from each fraction to the same point as the plan dose, and a voxel-to-voxel summed dose from all six fractions was obtained. The reconstructed dose distribution and its dosimetric parameters were compared with those of the original treatment plan. Results: While changes in CTV contours occurred in all patients, the reconstructed dose distribution showed that the dose-volume histogram for CTV coverage was close (<1.5%) to that of the original plan. For sensitive structures, the differences between the reconstructed and the planned doses were less than 3.0%. Conclusion: Voxel-based dose reconstruction strategy that takes into account interfraction anatomical changes using MVCTs is a powerful tool for treatment verification of the delivered doses. This proposed technique can also be applied to adaptive TBI therapy using HT.

Chao Ming, E-mail: mchao@uams.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205-7199 (United States); Penagaricano, Jose; Yan Yulong; Moros, Eduardo G.; Corry, Peter; Ratanatharathorn, Vaneerat [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205-7199 (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Elementary Reconstruction of the Hockey Stick Curve: Discussion of Paper by Li, Nychka and Ammann  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper by Li, Nychka and Ammann (2010) has exemplified the power of Bayesian Hierarchical Models to solve fundamental problems in paleoclimatology. However, much can also be learned by more elementary statistical methods. In this discussion, we use principal components analysis, regression, and time series analysis, to reconstruct the temperature signal since 1400 based on tree rings data. Although the “hockey stick ” shape is less clear cut than in the original analysis of Mann, Bradley and Hughes (1998, 1999), there is still substantial evidence that recent decades are among the warmest of the past 600 years. The problem of paleoclimate reconstruction is a natural one for the use of Bayesian hierarchical models (BHMs). As in most BHMs, there is an unobserved “process ” which is the true object of interest — in this case, the true series of temperatures. There are also various sources of “data” which are dependent on the “process ” with different levels of accuracy — observational data, tree rings, boreholes, ice cores etc. The problem of paleoclimate reconstruction may be characterized as how to combine the different data series to obtain the best reconstruction of the unobserved process, with suitable measures of uncertainty. The BHM technique is especially valuable for answering non-standard uncertainty questions, for instance, “what is the probability that the 1990s were the warmest decade of the [1000–2000] millennium?” In an earlier paper, Li, Nychka and Ammann (henceforth LNA, 2007) used an ensemble reconstruction, obtained via a combination of linear regression, bootstrapping and cross-validation, to reconstruct Northern Hemisphere average temperatures back to 1000, using 14 proxy series first discussed in Mann, Bradley and Hughes (MBH, 1999). Their results showed that there is indeed

Richard L. Smith

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Magnetic Resonance-Based Treatment Planning for Prostate Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy: Creation of Digitally Reconstructed Radiographs  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To develop a technique to create magnetic resonance (MR)-based digitally reconstructed radiographs (DRR) for initial patient setup for routine clinical applications of MR-based treatment planning for prostate intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: Twenty prostate cancer patients' computed tomography (CT) and MR images were used for the study. Computed tomography and MR images were fused. The pelvic bony structures, including femoral heads, pubic rami, ischium, and ischial tuberosity, that are relevant for routine clinical patient setup were manually contoured on axial MR images. The contoured bony structures were then assigned a bulk density of 2.0 g/cm{sup 3}. The MR-based DRRs were generated. The accuracy of the MR-based DDRs was quantitatively evaluated by comparing MR-based DRRs with CT-based DRRs for these patients. For each patient, eight measuring points on both coronal and sagittal DRRs were used for quantitative evaluation. Results: The maximum difference in the mean values of these measurement points was 1.3 {+-} 1.6 mm, and the maximum difference in absolute positions was within 3 mm for the 20 patients investigated. Conclusions: Magnetic resonance-based DRRs are comparable to CT-based DRRs for prostate intensity-modulated radiotherapy and can be used for patient treatment setup when MR-based treatment planning is applied clinically.

Chen, Lili [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)]. E-mail: lili.chen@fccc.edu; Nguyen, Thai-Binh [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Jones, Elan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Chen Zuoqun [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Luo Wei [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Wang Lu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Price, Robert A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Pollack, Alan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Ma, C.-M. Charlie [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

On proton CT reconstruction using MVCT-converted virtual proton projections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To describe a novel methodology of converting megavoltage x-ray projections into virtual proton projections that are otherwise missing due to the proton range limit. These converted virtual proton projections can be used in the reconstruction of proton computed tomography (pCT). Methods: Relations exist between proton projections and multispectral megavoltage x-ray projections for human tissue. Based on these relations, these tissues can be categorized into: (a) adipose tissue; (b) nonadipose soft tissues; and (c) bone. These three tissue categories can be visibly identified on a regular megavoltage x-ray computed tomography (MVCT) image. With an MVCT image and its projection data available, the x-ray projections through heterogeneous anatomy can be converted to the corresponding proton projections using predetermined calibration curves for individual materials, aided by a coarse segmentation on the x-ray CT image. To show the feasibility of this approach, mathematical simulations were carried out. The converted proton projections, plotted on a proton sinogram, were compared to the simulated ground truth. Proton stopping power images were reconstructed using either the virtual proton projections only or a blend of physically available proton projections and virtual proton projections that make up for those missing due to the range limit. These images were compared to a reference image reconstructed from theoretically calculated proton projections. Results: The converted virtual projections had an uncertainty of {+-}0.8% compared to the calculated ground truth. Proton stopping power images reconstructed using a blend of converted virtual projections (48%) and physically available projections (52%) had an uncertainty of {+-}0.86% compared with that reconstructed from theoretically calculated projections. Reconstruction solely from converted virtual proton projections had an uncertainty of {+-}1.1% compared with that reconstructed from theoretical projections. If these images are used for treatment planning, the average proton range uncertainty is estimated to be less than 1.5% for an imaging dose in the milligray range. Conclusions: The proposed method can be used to convert x-ray projections into virtual proton projections. The converted proton projections can be blended with existing proton projections or can be used solely for pCT reconstruction, addressing the range limit problem of pCT using current therapeutic proton machines.

Wang Dongxu; Mackie, T. Rockwell; Tome, Wolfgang A. [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 and Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 and Morgridge Institute of Research, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53715 (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 and Oncophysics Institute, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461 (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Reconstruction of f(T) gravity from the Holographic dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Among different candidates to play the role of Dark Energy (DE), modified gravity has emerged as offering a possible unification of Dark Matter (DM) and DE. The purpose of this work is to develop a reconstruction scheme for the modified gravity with $f(T)$ action using holographic energy density. In the framework of the said modified gravity we have considered the equation of state of the Holographic DE (HDE) density. Subsequently we have developed a reconstruction scheme for modified gravity with $f(T)$ action. Finally we have obtained a modified gravity action consistent with the HDE scenario.

Chattopadhyay, Surajit

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Reconstruction of f(T) gravity from the Holographic dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Among different candidates to play the role of Dark Energy (DE), modified gravity has emerged as offering a possible unification of Dark Matter (DM) and DE. The purpose of this work is to develop a reconstruction scheme for the modified gravity with $f(T)$ action using holographic energy density. In the framework of the said modified gravity we have considered the equation of state of the Holographic DE (HDE) density. Subsequently we have developed a reconstruction scheme for modified gravity with $f(T)$ action. Finally we have obtained a modified gravity action consistent with the HDE scenario.

Surajit Chattopadhyay; Antonio Pasqua

2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

363

Track Reconstruction and b-Jet Identification for the ATLAS Trigger System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A sophisticated trigger system, capable of real-time track reconstruction, is used in the ATLAS experiment to select interesting events in the proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. A set of $b$-jet triggers was activated in ATLAS for the entire 2011 data-taking campaign and successfully selected events enriched in jets arising from heavy-flavour quarks. Such triggers were demonstrated to be crucial for the selection of events with no lepton signature and a large jet multiplicity. An overview of the track reconstruction and online $b$-jet selection with performance estimates from data is presented in these proceedings.

Andrea Coccaro

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Reconstruction of some cosmological models in f(R,T) gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we reconstruct cosmological models in the framework of $f(R,T)$ gravity, where $R$ is the Ricci scalar and $T$ is the trace of the stress-energy tensor. We show that the dust fluid reproduces $\\Lambda $CDM, phantom-non-phantom era and the phantom cosmology. Further, we reconstruct different cosmological models including, Chaplygin gas, scalar field with some specific forms of $f(R,T)$. Our numerical simulation for Hubble parameter shows good agreement with the BAO observational data for low redshifts $z<2$.

Mubasher Jamil; D. Momeni; Muhammad Raza; Ratbay Myrzakulov

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

365

Targeted Radiotherapy of Estrogen Receptor Positive Tumors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall objectives of the proposal were to develop estrogen receptor (ER) binding small molecule radiopharmaceuticals for targeted radiotherapy of ER positive (ER+) tumors. In particular, this proposal focused on embedding a {sup 186,188}Re or a {sup 32}P radionuclide into an estrogen steroidal framework by isosteric substitution such that the resulting structure is topologically similar to the estrogen (estrogen mimic). The estrogen mimic molecules expected to bind to the ER and exhibit biodistribution akin to that of native estrogen due to structural mimicry. It is anticipated that the {sup 186,188}Re- or a {sup 32}P-containing estrogen mimics will be useful for targeted molecular radiotherapy of ER+ tumors. It is well established that the in vivo target tissue uptake of estrogen like steroidal molecules is related to the binding of the steroids to sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG). SHBG is important in the uptake of estrogens and testosterone in target tissues by SHBG receptors on the cell surface. However, hitherto the design of estrogen like small molecule radiopharmaceuticals was focused on optimizing ER binding characteristics without emphasis on SHBG binding properties. Consequently, even the molecules with good ER affinity in vitro, performed poorly in biodistribution studies. Based on molecular modeling studies the proposal focused on developing estrogen mimics 1-3 which were topologically similar to native estrogens, and form hydrogen bonds in ER and SHBG in the same manner as those of native estrogens. To this end the technical objectives of the proposal focused on synthesizing the rhenium-estrone and estradiol mimics 1 and 2 respectively, and phosphorous estradiol mimic 3 and to assess their stability and in vitro binding characteristics to ER and SHBG.

Raghavan Rajagopalan

2006-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

366

Characterization of adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction algorithm for dose reduction in CT: A pediatric oncology perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: This study demonstrates a means of implementing an adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign ) technique for dose reduction in computed tomography (CT) while maintaining similar noise levels in the reconstructed image. The effects of image quality and noise texture were assessed at all implementation levels of ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign . Empirically derived dose reduction limits were established for ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign for imaging of the trunk for a pediatric oncology population ranging from 1 yr old through adolescence/adulthood. Methods: Image quality was assessed using metrics established by the American College of Radiology (ACR) CT accreditation program. Each image quality metric was tested using the ACR CT phantom with 0%-100% ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign blended with filtered back projection (FBP) reconstructed images. Additionally, the noise power spectrum (NPS) was calculated for three common reconstruction filters of the trunk. The empirically derived limitations on ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign implementation for dose reduction were assessed using (1, 5, 10) yr old and adolescent/adult anthropomorphic phantoms. To assess dose reduction limits, the phantoms were scanned in increments of increased noise index (decrementing mA using automatic tube current modulation) balanced with ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign reconstruction to maintain noise equivalence of the 0% ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign image. Results: The ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign algorithm did not produce any unfavorable effects on image quality as assessed by ACR criteria. Conversely, low-contrast resolution was found to improve due to the reduction of noise in the reconstructed images. NPS calculations demonstrated that images with lower frequency noise had lower noise variance and coarser graininess at progressively higher percentages of ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign reconstruction; and in spite of the similar magnitudes of noise, the image reconstructed with 50% or more ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign presented a more smoothed appearance than the pre-ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign 100% FBP image. Finally, relative to non-ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign images with 100% of standard dose across the pediatric phantom age spectrum, similar noise levels were obtained in the images at a dose reduction of 48% with 40% ASIR Trade-Mark-Sign and a dose reduction of 82% with 100% ASIR Trade-Mark-Sign . Conclusions: The authors' work was conducted to identify the dose reduction limits of ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign for a pediatric oncology population using automatic tube current modulation. Improvements in noise levels from ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign reconstruction were adapted to provide lower radiation exposure (i.e., lower mA) instead of improved image quality. We have demonstrated for the image quality standards required at our institution, a maximum dose reduction of 82% can be achieved using 100% ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign ; however, to negate changes in the appearance of reconstructed images using ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign with a medium to low frequency noise preserving reconstruction filter (i.e., standard), 40% ASiR Trade-Mark-Sign was implemented in our clinic for 42%-48% dose reduction at all pediatric ages without a visually perceptible change in image quality or image noise.

Brady, S. L.; Yee, B. S.; Kaufman, R. A. [Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105 (United States)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

A high dimensional delay selection for the reconstruction of proper phase space with cross auto-correlation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the purpose of phase space reconstruction from nonlinear time series, delay selection is one of the most vital criteria. This is normally done by using a general measure viz., mutual information (MI). However, in that case, the delay selection is ... Keywords: Cross auto-correlation, Dynamical system, Phase space reconstructions, Shape distortion measure

Sanjay Kumar Palit, Sayan Mukherjee, D. K. Bhattacharya

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

A general framework for three-dimensional surface reconstruction by self-consistent fusion of shading and shadow features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a novel framework for three-dimensional surface reconstruction by self-consistent fusion of shading and shadow features is presented. Based on the analysis of at least two pixel-synchronous images of the scene under different illumination ... Keywords: Lunar surface, Photoclinometry, Quality inspection, Shadow analysis, Shape from shading, Surface reconstruction

Christian Wöhler; Kia Hafezi

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

The effect of morphological smoothening by reconstruction on the extraction of peaks and pits from digital elevation models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the effect of morphological smoothening by reconstruction on the extraction of peaks and pits from digital elevation models (DEMs) is studied. First, a mathematical morphological based algorithm to extract peaks and pits from DEMs is developed. ... Keywords: DEM smoothening, Digital elevation models, Kernel, Morphological smoothening by reconstruction, Peaks and pits

Dinesh Sathyamoorthy

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Simulated Performance of Algorithms for the Localization of Radioactive Sources from a Position Sensitive Radiation Detecting System (COCAE)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulation studies are presented regarding the performance of algorithms that localize point-like radioactive sources detected by a position sensitive portable radiation instrument (COCAE). The source direction is estimated by using the List Mode Maximum Likelihood Expectation Maximization (LM-ML-EM) imaging algorithm. Furthermore, the source-to-detector distance is evaluated by three different algorithms based on the photo-peak count information of each detecting layer, the quality of the reconstructed source image, and the triangulation method. These algorithms have been tested on a large number of simulated photons over a wide energy range (from 200 keV to 2 MeV) emitted by point-like radioactive sources located at different orientations and source-to-detector distances.

Karafasoulis, K. [Greek Atomic Energy Commission, Patriarxou Grigoriou and Neapoleos, 15310, Athens (Greece); Hellenic Army Academy, 16673 Vari (Greece); Zachariadou, K. [Greek Atomic Energy Commission, Patriarxou Grigoriou and Neapoleos, 15310, Athens (Greece); Technological Educational Institute of Piraeus, Thivon 250, 12244, Egaleo (Greece); Seferlis, S.; Kaissas, I.; Potiriadis, C. [Greek Atomic Energy Commission, Patriarxou Grigoriou and Neapoleos, 15310, Athens (Greece); Lambropoulos, C. [Technological Educational Institute of Chalkida, Psachna Evias, 34400 Greece (Greece); Loukas, D. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, National Center for Scientific Research Demokritos 15310, Athens (Greece)

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

371

Lung tumor tracking, trajectory reconstruction, and motion artifact removal using rotational cone-beam projections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tumor position ground truth. Table 3.1: Maximum error and ethe ground truth target position. Table 3.2: Maximum errorthe ground truth tumor position. Table 3.3: Maximum error

Lewis, John Henry

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Assimilating Vortex Position with an Ensemble Kalman Filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of hurricane position, which in practice might be available from satellite or radar imagery, can be easily assimilated with an ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) given an operator that computes the position of the vortex in the background ...

Yongsheng Chen; Chris Snyder

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Fact Sheet, Consequences of a Positive Drug Test - September...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consequences of a Positive Drug Test - September 14, 2007 Fact Sheet, Consequences of a Positive Drug Test - September 14, 2007 September 14, 2007 Fact Sheet on the Consequences of...

374

A Simple Positive Definite Advection Scheme with Small Implicit Diffusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of negative values for positive definite scalars in the solution of the advection equation is an important difficulty in numerical modeling. This paper proposes a new positively definite advection scheme which has a simple form, ...

Piotr K. Smolarkiewicz

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Transient signal detection using GPS position time series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuously operating Global Positioning System (GPS) networks record station position changes with millimeter-level accuracy and have revealed transient deformations on various spatial and temporal scales. However, the ...

Ji, Kang Hyeun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Simultaneous maximum-likelihood reconstruction for x-ray grating based phase-contrast tomography avoiding intermediate phase retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase-wrapping artifacts, statistical image noise and the need for a minimum amount of phase steps per projection limit the practicability of x-ray grating based phase-contrast tomography, when using filtered back projection reconstruction. For conventional x-ray computed tomography, the use of statistical iterative reconstruction algorithms has successfully reduced artifacts and statistical issues. In this work, an iterative reconstruction method for grating based phase-contrast tomography is presented. The method avoids the intermediate retrieval of absorption, differential phase and dark field projections. It directly reconstructs tomographic cross sections from phase stepping projections by the use of a forward projecting imaging model and an appropriate likelihood function. The likelihood function is then maximized with an iterative algorithm. The presented method is tested with tomographic data obtained through a wave field simulation of grating based phase-contrast tomography. The reconstruction result...

Ritter, André; Durst, Jürgen; Gödel, Karl; Haas, Wilhelm; Michel, Thilo; Rieger, Jens; Weber, Thomas; Wucherer, Lukas; Anton, Gisela

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

IMShare: instantly sharing your mobile landmark images by search-based reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Instantly sharing captured landmark images is becoming fashionable, much like when you write a blog or chat with friends by mobile phone. However, real-time transmission of high-resolution images poses a significant challenge to contemporary mobile networks. ... Keywords: image reconstruction, image sharing, partial duplicate image retrieval, sift descriptor

Lican Dai; Huanjing Yue; Xiaoyan Sun; Feng Wu

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Multi-fiber Reconstruction from DW-MRI using a Continuous Mixture of Hyperspherical von  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-fiber Reconstruction from DW-MRI using a Continuous Mixture of Hyperspherical von Mises Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DW-MRI), arguably one of the most important imaging inventions of the twentieth geometries such as fiber crossings ( [21, 17, 6]) and connectivity of different brain regions ([8]). DW

Kumar, Ritwik

379

A PHYSICAL BASIS FOR MULTI-FIBER RECONSTRUCTION FROM DW-MRI DATA Ritwik Kumar1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A PHYSICAL BASIS FOR MULTI-FIBER RECONSTRUCTION FROM DW-MRI DATA Ritwik Kumar1 , Angelos Barmpoutis to model the signal attenuation obtained from Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DW-value, gradient pulse duration, pulse separation etc.) involved in the DW-MRI acquisition pro- cess. To address

Kumar, Ritwik

380

Greenland Ice Sheet Mass Balance Reconstruction. Part I: Net Snow Accumulation (1600–2009)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ice core data are combined with Regional Atmospheric Climate Model version 2 (RACMO2) output (1958–2010) to develop a reconstruction of Greenland ice sheet net snow accumulation rate, Ât(G), spanning the years 1600–2009. Regression parameters from ...

Jason E. Box; Noel Cressie; David H. Bromwich; Ji-Hoon Jung; Michiel van den Broeke; J. H. van Angelen; Richard R. Forster; Clement Miège; Ellen Mosley-Thompson; Bo Vinther; Joseph R. McConnell

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Algorithms for Efficient Near-Perfect Phylogenetic Tree Reconstruction in Theory and Practice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of reconstructing near-perfect phylogenetic trees using binary character states (referred to as BNPP). A perfect phylogeny assumes that every character mutates at most once in the evolutionary tree, yielding an algorithm for binary ... Keywords: computations on discrete structures, trees, biology and genetics

Srinath Sridhar; Kedar Dhamdhere; Guy Blelloch; Eran Halperin; R. Ravi; Russell Schwartz

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Parallelization of an existing high-energy physics event reconstruction software package  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Software parallelization allows an efficient use of available computing power to in- crease the performance of applications. In a case study we have investigated the parallelization of high-energy physics event reconstruction software in terms of costs (effort, computing resource requirements), benefits (performance increase), and the feasibility of a systematic parallelization approach. Guidelines facilitating a parallel implementation are proposed for future software development.

Schiefer, R

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Incorporating knowledge of topology improves reconstruction of interaction networks from microarray data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reconstruction of biological interaction networks from high-throughput experimental data is one of the most challenging problems in bioinformatics.These networks have specific topologies, whose characteristics aredefined by evolutionary relationships ... Keywords: co-expression network, gene expression, gene ontology, network topology, rank-based algorithm

Peter Larsen; Eyad Almasri; Guanrao Chen; Yang Dai

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Robust nuclear signal reconstruction by a novel ensemble model aggregation procedure P. Baraldi1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a nuclear boiling water reactor and 215 signals measured at a pressurized water reactor. The advantagesRobust nuclear signal reconstruction by a novel ensemble model aggregation procedure P. Baraldi1 Reactor Project, 1751, Halden, Norway Abstract Monitoring of sensor operation is important for detecting

385

Remote sensing approaches for reconstructing fire perimeters and burn severity mosaics in desert spring ecosystems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote sensing approaches for reconstructing fire perimeters and burn severity mosaics in desert. Remote sensing methods have been used in other environments to gain information about fires that have reported sizes of less than one hectare. Additional refinement of remote sensing methods is necessary

Weisberg, Peter J.

386

Reconstructing Basin-Scale Eulerian Velocity Fields from Simulated Drifter Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A single-layer, reduced-gravity, double-gyre primitive equation model in a 2000 km × 2000 km square domain is used to test the accuracy and sensitivity of time-dependent Eulerian velocity fields reconstructed from numerically generated drifter ...

M. Toner; A. D. Kirwan Jr.; B. L. Lipphardt; A. C. Poje; C. K. R. T. Jones; C. E. Grosch

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

WorkOut: I/O workload outsourcing for boosting RAID reconstruction performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

User I/O intensity can significantly impact the performance of on-line RAID reconstruction due to contention for the shared disk bandwidth. Based on this observation, this paper proposes a novel scheme, called WorkOut (I/O Workload Outsourcing), to significantly ...

Suzhen Wu; Hong Jiang; Dan Feng; Lei Tian; Bo Mao

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Modeling the compressive deformation of metal micro-textured thermal interface materials using SEM geometry reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Idealized and simplified geometries are commonly used in finite element models to ease model creation and meshing. However, at smaller length-scales, the influence of geometrical imperfections and defects can significantly affect the accuracy of the ... Keywords: Buckling, Finite element modeling, Metal micro-textured thermal interface materials, Plastic deformation, SEM stereomicroscopy, Surface reconstruction

R. Kempers; P. Ahern; A. J. Robinson; A. M. Lyons

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The quasi-perspective model: Geometric properties and 3D reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper investigates geometric properties of quasi-perspective projection model in one and two-view geometry. The main results are as follows. (i) Quasi-perspective projection matrix has nine degrees of freedom (DOF), and the parallelism along X and ... Keywords: 3D reconstruction, Essential matrix, Fundamental matrix, Homography, Projective geometry, Quasi-perspective projection

Guanghui Wang; Q. M. Jonathan Wu

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Multiphase flow reconstruction in oil pipelines by capacitance tomography using simulated annealing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulated annealing (SA) algorithm is applied to reconstruct permittivity images of real two-phase gas- oil such as mixing or stirring vessels, fluidized bed reactors, separator tanks and pipelines carrying multiphase in a cylindrical configuration close to the electrodes in order to improve resolution in the calculation

Martin, Roland

391

Affine invariant matching of broken boundaries based on simple genetic algorithm and contour reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Viewpoint independent identification of fragmented object contours can be accomplished by matching them against a collection of known reference models. For the class of near-planar objects, the matching process can be posed as the search for the existence ... Keywords: Affine invariant matching, Contour reconstruction, Fragmented contours, Migrant principle, Quality migrants, Simple genetic algorithm

P. W. M. Tsang; W. C. Situ

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Mastering Windows: Improving Reconstruction Thomas Theul Helwig Hauser Eduard Groller \\Lambda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mastering Windows: Improving Reconstruction Thomas Theu�l Helwig Hauser Eduard Gr¨oller \\Lambda­Rom spline and derivative and (c) Kaiser windowed sinc and cosc of width three with numerically optimal. This can be accomplished by multiplying them with windowing functions. In this paper we discuss and assess

393

A subspace method for projective reconstruction from multiple images with missing data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider the problem of projective reconstruction based on the subspace method. Unlike existing subspace methods which require that all the points are visible in all views, we propose an algorithm to estimate projective shape, projective ... Keywords: Factorization method, Multiple views, Structure from motion, Subspace method

W. K. Tang; Y. S. Hung

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Marginal Hilbert Spectrum Based on EMD Reconstruction and its Application in Fault Diagnosis of Cooling Tower  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HHT (Hilbert-Huang Transform) is one kind of adaptive signal processing method and it is suitable for processing nonlinear and non-stationary signal. Amplitude-frequency characteristics of signal are accurately demonstrated through marginal Hilbert spectrum ... Keywords: Vibration signal, marginal Hilbert spectrum, Reconstruction filter, Fault diagnosis, Cooling tower

He Dhengyun, Yi Ding

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Finding short structural motifs for re-construction of proteins 3D structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With a view to find useful building blocks (short structural motifs) for reconstruction of 3D structure of proteins, we propose a modified neural gas learning algorithm that we call structural neural gas (SNG) algorithm. The SNG is applied on a benchmark ... Keywords: Building blocks, Neural gas, Protein folding, Structural motifs, Two-stage-clustering

Nikhil R. Pal; Rupan Panja

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

An algorithm-architecture co-design framework for gridding reconstruction using FPGAs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gridding is a method of interpolating irregularly sampled data on to a uniform grid and is a critical image reconstruction step in several applications which operate on non-Cartesian sampled data. In this paper, we present an algorithm architecture co-design ... Keywords: BEE3, Cartesian, Taylor polynomial evaluation, gridding, nonuniform fast fourier transform, polar

Srinidhi Kestur; Kevin Irick; Sungho Park; Ahmed Al Maashri; Vijaykrishnan Narayanan; Chaitaili Chakrabarti

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

The Citadel of Cairo, 1176-1341 : reconstructing architecture from texts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation reconstructs one of the major works of military and palatial architecture in the Middle Ages, the Citadel of the Mountain (QaI'at aI-Jabal) in Cairo. It traces its development from its inception in 1176 ...

Rabbat, Nasser O. (Nasser Omar)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Reconstructed streamflow for Citarum River, Java, Indonesia: linkages to tropical climate dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reconstructed streamflow for Citarum River, Java, Indonesia: linkages to tropical climate dynamics Abstract The Citarum river basin of western Java, Indonesia, which supplies water to 10 million residents in drought and flood prone regions of the globe (e.g. Boer 2007). In Indonesia, integrated action is needed

Ummenhofer, Caroline C.

399

ACL Reconstruction with Autologous Hamstring Tendon: Comparison of Short Term Clinical Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purpose: To compare the short term clinical results of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with autologous hamstring tendon between Rigid-fix and PINN-ACL Cross Pin for femoral side fixation. Materials and Methods: 127 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction using autologous hamstring tendon and had been followedup for over than one year were enrolled for the present study. Rigid-fix was used in 71 cases (group 1), and PINN-ACL Cross Pin was used in 56 cases (group 2). Clinical and radiological results, operation time, and perioperative complications were compared amongst the two groups. Results: The International Knee Documentation Committee subjective score and Lysholm score were 94 and 95 in group 1 and 87 and 91 in group 2, with no statistical difference (p=0.892, p=0.833), respectively. However, significant difference was observed in one-leg hop test between the two groups (p=0.032). Five cases in group 1 and 40 cases in group 2 were found to be associated with perioperative complications with statistical difference (p<0.0001). Conclusions: There was no resultant difference between the employment of PINN-ACL Cross Pin and Rigid-fix as femoral graft fixation for ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendon. However, PINN-ACL Cross Pin led to complications with extensive operation times. Hence, it needs further improvement of tools for minimization of complications. Key words: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, Hamstring tendon, Rigid-fix, PINN-ACL Cross Pin.

Knee Surg; Relat Res; Between Rigid-fix; Pinn-acl Cross Pin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Reconstructing The Trajectory of The August 1680 Hurricane From Contemporary Records  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper draws on a range of contemporary documentary evidence from the New and Old Worlds as well as from the oceanic regions to reconstruct the trajectory and intensity of an Atlantic hurricane from August 1680. In doing so, it offers the ...

D. Wheeler; R. García-Herrera; J. M. Vaquero; M. Chenoweth; C. J. Mock

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Reconstruction and flux-balance analysis of the Plasmodium falciparum metabolic network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- balanced model of this organism is of direct relevance to the ongoing search to identify new therapeutic- mine the stoichiometry of most reactions. To produce a functional reconstruction, we also searched Glycolysis Schnick et al (2009) PF14_0425* Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase 4.1.2.13 Pfal NLe,q NLc Glycolysis

Vitkup, Dennis

402

http://rcc.its.psu.edu/hpc Low Elevation Aerial Photogrammetry for 3D Reconstructions of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-wing aerial photogrammetry. Conducting a topographic survey using laser transits and total stations is time topographic data over large areas. However, in the case of most fixed-wing aerial photographic surveyshttp://rcc.its.psu.edu/hpc Low Elevation Aerial Photogrammetry for 3D Reconstructions

Bjørnstad, Ottar Nordal

403

Smartphones get emotional: mind reading images and reconstructing the neural sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combining a wireless EEG headset with a smartphone offers new opportunities to capture brain imaging data reflecting our everyday social behavior in a mobile context. However processing the data on a portable device will require novel approaches to analyze ... Keywords: affective computing, mobile EEG, source reconstruction

Michael Kai Petersen; Carsten Stahlhut; Arkadiusz Stopczynski; Jakob Eg Larsen; Lars Kai Hansen

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Sei Vojany Station repowering reconstruction-assessment feasibility study. Volume 1. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The feasibility study conducted for Slovensky Energeticky Podnik (Slovak Energy Production Company) (SEP) evaluates reconstruction, repowering, and expansion of SEP's Vojany Station (EVO). Previous evaluations, studies, station records, and technical data were reviewed and utilized as a part of the feasibility analysis. The study results recommend a time-phased implementation for the recommended solutions.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Discussion on Energy-Efficient Technology for the Reconstruction of Residential Buildings in Cold Areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Based on the existing residential buildings in cold areas, this paper takes the existing residential buildings in a certain district in Beijing to provide an analysis of the thermal characteristics of envelope and energy consumption in winter with the software PKPM, and provides the technical and economic analysis, which may provide reference for suitable plans for energy efficient reconstruction of buildings in cold areas.

Zhao, J.; Wang, S.; Chen, H.; Shi, Y.; Li, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Capacitive Beam Position Monitor for NDCX-II  

SciTech Connect

This note describes the design, fabrication and calibration of the NDCX-II capacitive beam position monitor.

Lidia, S.M.; Bieniosek, F.M.; Henestroza, E.; Takakuwa, J.H.

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

407

Improving data fusion in personal positioning systems for outdoor environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fault detection and correction methodology for personal positioning systems for outdoor environments is presented. We demonstrate its successful use in a system consisting of a global positioning system receiver and an inertial measurement unit. Localization ... Keywords: Adaptive Kalman filtering, Causal diagnosis, Chi-square test, Dead reckoning, Fault detection, Pedestrian positioning

E. Pulido Herrera; H. Kaufmann; J. Secue; R. QuiróS; G. Fabregat

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Optimized image acquisition for breast tomosynthesis in projection and reconstruction space  

SciTech Connect

Breast tomosynthesis has been an exciting new development in the field of breast imaging. While the diagnostic improvement via tomosynthesis is notable, the full potential of tomosynthesis has not yet been realized. This may be attributed to the dependency of the diagnostic quality of tomosynthesis on multiple variables, each of which needs to be optimized. Those include dose, number of angular projections, and the total angular span of those projections. In this study, the authors investigated the effects of these acquisition parameters on the overall diagnostic image quality of breast tomosynthesis in both the projection and reconstruction space. Five mastectomy specimens were imaged using a prototype tomosynthesis system. 25 angular projections of each specimen were acquired at 6.2 times typical single-view clinical dose level. Images at lower dose levels were then simulated using a noise modification routine. Each projection image was supplemented with 84 simulated 3 mm 3D lesions embedded at the center of 84 nonoverlapping ROIs. The projection images were then reconstructed using a filtered backprojection algorithm at different combinations of acquisition parameters to investigate which of the many possible combinations maximizes the performance. Performance was evaluated in terms of a Laguerre-Gauss channelized Hotelling observer model-based measure of lesion detectability. The analysis was also performed without reconstruction by combining the model results from projection images using Bayesian decision fusion algorithm. The effect of acquisition parameters on projection images and reconstructed slices were then compared to derive an optimization rule for tomosynthesis. The results indicated that projection images yield comparable but higher performance than reconstructed images. Both modes, however, offered similar trends: Performance improved with an increase in the total acquisition dose level and the angular span. Using a constant dose level and angular span, the performance rolled off beyond a certain number of projections, indicating that simply increasing the number of projections in tomosynthesis may not necessarily improve its performance. The best performance for both projection images and tomosynthesis slices was obtained for 15-17 projections spanning an angular arc of {approx}45 deg. - the maximum tested in our study, and for an acquisition dose equal to single-view mammography. The optimization framework developed in this framework is applicable to other reconstruction techniques and other multiprojection systems.

Chawla, Amarpreet S.; Lo, Joseph Y.; Baker, Jay A.; Samei, Ehsan [Department of Radiology and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Department of Medical Physics, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Department of Medical Physics, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

409

Research on computed tomography reconstructions from one or two radiographs: A report and the application to FXR radiography  

SciTech Connect

This report documents some cooperative research into volumetric image reconstruction from single radiographs. Imaging dynamic events is the most important application for this type of work, but the techniques have possible extensions. Two general objectives guide this work. The first objective is to gain an understanding of the assumptions and limitations of single-view methods for representing internal features. Second, we endeavor to obtain and/or develop techniques for performing image reconstructions with FXR radiographs. If possible, we seek to obtain some quantitative measure of the accuracy of this class of image reconstructions in two respects: (i) in terms of the dimensional accuracy of feature boundaries, and (ii) as pertains to the accuracy of the voxel intensities. Dynamic events are not always self-calibrating, and it is important to establish the reconstruction accuracy of single-view methods for placing bounds on the kinds of conclusions which can be advanced from single-view reconstructed images. Computed tomographic image reconstructions provide dimensional detail of internal structures of objects and provide a measure of the per-voxel attenuation of material in the object. When assumptions behind a reconstruction algorithm are not satisfied, or are satisfied in a limited way, the accuracy of the reconstructed image is compromised. It is the goal of Cr analysis to discern the {open_quotes}real{close_quotes} features of the internals of an object in the midst of a certain level of artifactual content in the image. By understanding the ways in which CT reconstructions from a single radiograph can produce misleading results we hope to develop some measure of the benefits and limitations of single view techniques. 31 refs., 20 figs.

Back, N.; Schneberk, D.; McMillan, C.; Azevedo, S.; Gorvad, M.

1995-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

410

Entry-Level Positions | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Entry-Level Positions | National Nuclear Security Administration Entry-Level Positions | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Entry-Level Positions Home > Federal Employment > Our Jobs > Entry-Level Positions Entry-Level Positions Are you looking for a way to share your ideas, follow your passions and develop professionally? NNSA has entry-level positions that will allow you

411

Tunable Transmittance of Near-infrared and Visible Light in Reconstructed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tunable Transmittance of Near-infrared and Visible Light in Reconstructed Tunable Transmittance of Near-infrared and Visible Light in Reconstructed Nanocrystal-in-Glass Composite Films Thursday, October 31, 2013 The bonding arrangement in amorphous materials plays a dominant role in determining their electrochemical, optical and transport properties. However, it remains a challenge to manipulate amorphous structures in a controlled manner. Recently, scientists at the Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) developed synthetic protocols for incorporating well-defined nanocrystals into amorphous materials [1,2]. This "nanocrystal-in-glass" approach not only allows combining two functional components in one material, but it could also provide a handle, by virtue of the interfacial covalent bond, for manipulating the glass

412

Reconstruction of the refractive index from experimental backscattering data using a globally convergent inverse method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem to be studied in this work is within the context of coefficient identification problems for the wave equation. More precisely, we consider the problem of reconstruction of the refractive index (or equivalently, the dielectric constant) of an inhomogeneous medium using one backscattering boundary measurement. The goal of this paper is to analyze the performance of a globally convergent algorithm of Beilina and Klibanov on experimental data acquired in the Microwave Laboratory at University of North Carolina at Charlotte. The main challenge working with experimental data is the the huge misfit between these data and computationally simulated data. We present data pre-processing steps to make the former somehow look similar to the latter. Results of both non-blind and blind targets are shown indicating good reconstructions even for high contrasts between the targets and the background medium.

Nguyen Trung Thành; Larisa Beilina; Michael V. Klibanov; Michael A. Fiddy

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

413

Estimation of 1945 to 1957 food consumption. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report details the methods used and the results of the study on the estimated historic levels of food consumption by individuals in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) study area from 1945--1957. This period includes the time of highest releases from Hanford and is the period for which data are being collected in the Hanford Thyroid Disease Study. These estimates provide the food-consumption inputs for the HEDR database of individual diets. This database will be an input file in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Integrated Code (HEDRIC) computer model that will be used to calculate the radiation dose. The report focuses on fresh milk, eggs, lettuce, and spinach. These foods were chosen because they have been found to be significant contributors to radiation dose based on the Technical Steering Panel dose decision level.

Anderson, D.M.; Bates, D.J.; Marsh, T.L.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analyses Plan. Draft for Peer Review: Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project staff are developing mathematical models to be used to estimate the radiation dose that individuals may have received as a result of emissions since 1944 from the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Hanford Site near Richland, Washington. An uncertainty and sensitivity analyses plan is essential to understand and interpret the predictions from these mathematical models. This is especially true in the case of the HEDR models where the values of many parameters are unknown. This plan gives a thorough documentation of the uncertainty and hierarchical sensitivity analysis methods recommended for use on all HEDR mathematical models. The documentation includes both technical definitions and examples. In addition, an extensive demonstration of the uncertainty and sensitivity analysis process is provided using actual results from the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Integrated Codes (HEDRIC). This demonstration shows how the approaches used in the recommended plan can be adapted for all dose predictions in the HEDR Project.

Simpson, J.C.; Ramsdell, J.V. Jr.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Electron Bunch Profile Reconstruction in the Few fs Regime using Coherent Smith-Purcell Radiation  

SciTech Connect

Advanced accelerators for fourth generation light sources based on high brightness linacs or laser-driven wakefield accelerators will operate with intense, highly relativistic electron bunches that are only a few fs long. Diagnostic techniques for the determination of temporal profile of such bunches are required to be non invasive, single shot, economic and with the required resolution in the fs regime. The use of a radiative process such as coherent Smith-Purcell radiation (SPR), is particularly promising with this respect. In this technique the beam is made to radiate a small amount of electromagnetic radiation and the temporal profile is reconstructed from the measured spectral distribution of the radiation. We summarise the advantages of SPR and present the design parameters and preliminary results of the experiments at the FACET facility at SLAC. We also discuss a new approach to the problem of the recovery of the 'missing phase', which is essential for the accurate reconstruction of the temporal bunch profile.

Bartolini, R.; /Oxford U., JAI /Diamond Light Source /SLAC; Clarke, C.; /SLAC; Delerue, N; /Oxford U., JAI /Diamond Light Source /SLAC; Doucas, G; Reichold, A; /Oxford U., JAI

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

416

Estimation of 1945 to 1957 food consumption. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project: Draft  

SciTech Connect

This report details the methods used and the results of the study on the estimated historic levels of food consumption by individuals in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) study area from 1945--1957. This period includes the time of highest releases from Hanford and is the period for which data are being collected in the Hanford Thyroid Disease Study. These estimates provide the food-consumption inputs for the HEDR database of individual diets. This database will be an input file in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Integrated Code (HEDRIC) computer model that will be used to calculate the radiation dose. The report focuses on fresh milk, eggs, lettuce, and spinach. These foods were chosen because they have been found to be significant contributors to radiation dose based on the Technical Steering Panel dose decision level.

Anderson, D.M.; Bates, D.J.; Marsh, T.L.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Complexity of the positive semidefinite matrix completion problem ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This follows directly from Lemma 2.2 combined with Theorem. 3.2: By Lemma 2.2 , ..... The real positive defi- nite completion problem: cycle completability.

418

Combining Positive and Negative Thermal Expansion Materials to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Combining Positive and Negative Thermal Expansion Materials to Tailor the Coefficient of Thermal Expansion in Metal/Ceramic Composites.

419

Solar Radio Burst Effects on Global Positioning System Receivers .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a series of studies investigating solar radio burst effects on Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers along with supporting instrumentation and analysis techniques.… (more)

Cerruti, Alessandro Paolo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Positioning and locking device for fuel pin to grid attachment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positioning and locking device for fuel pin to grid attachment provides an inexpensive means of positively positioning and locking the individual fuel pins which make up the driver fuel assemblies used in nuclear reactors. The device can be adapted for use with a currently used attachment grid assembly design and insures that the pins remain in their proper position throughout the in-reactor life of the assembly. This device also simplifies fuel bundle assembly in that a complete row of fuel pins can be added to the bundle during each step of assembly.

Frick, Thomas M. (Irwin, PA); Wineman, Arthur L. (Greensburg, PA)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

NETL: News Release - New Study Indicates Positive Economic Impact...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

17, 2007 New Study Indicates Positive Economic Impact of DOE Laboratory NETL Contributes 283 Million, 3,200 Jobs to Pennsylvania, West Virginia Region WASHINGTON, DC - A recently...

422

Solar Position Algorithm for Solar Radiation Applications (Revised...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Revised January 2008 * NRELTP-560-34302 Solar Position Algorithm for Solar Radiation Applications Ibrahim Reda and Afshin Andreas National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole...

423

Addressing college readiness through a positive deviance framework.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This exploratory study utilized a positive deviance theoretical framework to unveil the challenges faced by students preparing for college, as well as the strategies used… (more)

Rainey, Christie A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Weyl type bound on positive Interior Transmission Eigenvalues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper contains a lower bound of the Weyl type on the counting function of the positive eigenvalues of the interior transmission eigenvalue problem which justifies the existence of an infinite set of positive interior transmission eigenvalues. We consider the classical transmission problem as well as the case where the inhomogeneous medium contains an obstacle. One of the essential components of the proof is an estimate for the D-t-N operator for the Helmholtz equation for positive $\\lambda$ that replaces the standard parameter-elliptic estimate valid outside of the positive semi-axis.

Evgeny Lakshtanov; Boris Vainberg

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

425

Sandia National Laboratories Fiber–Optic Long-Line Position ...  

sensor. Non-electrical position sensors like the one developed by Sandia are desirable for use in hazardous environments, e.g., for

426

Photon position eigenvectors lead to complete photon wave mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have recently constructed a photon position operator with commuting components. This was long thought to be impossible, but our position eigenvectors have a vortex structure like twisted light. Thus they are not spherically symmetric and the position operator does not transform as a vector, so that previous non-existence arguments do not apply. We find two classes of position eigenvectors and obtain photon wave functions by projection onto the bases of position eigenkets that they define, following the usual rules of quantum mechanics. The hermitian position operator, r0, leads to a Landau-Peierls wave function, while field-like eigenvectors of the nonhermitian position operator and its adjoint lead to a biorthonormal basis. These two bases are equivalent in the sense that they are related by a similarity transformation. The eigenvectors of the nonhermitian position operators lead to a field-potential wave function pair. These field-like positive frequency wave functions satisfy Maxwell's equations, and thus justify the supposition that MEs describe single photon wave mechanics. The expectation value of the number operator is photon density with undetected photons integrated over, consistent with Feynman's conclusion that the density of non-interacting particles can be interpreted as probability density.

Margaret Hawton

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Position and momentum observables on R and on R^3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We characterize all position and momentum observables on R and on R^3. We study some of their operational properties and discuss their covariant joint observables.

C. Carmeli; T. Heinonen; A. Toigo

2004-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

Dr. Peter Lyons Announced in Senior Nuclear Position  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Today, the United States Department of Energy (DOE) announced the appointment of Dr. Peter Lyons to the position of Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy.

429

A convergent algorithm for the hybrid problem of reconstructing conductivity from minimal interior data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the hybrid problem of reconstructing the isotropic electric conductivity of a body $\\Omega$ from interior Current Density Imaging data obtainable using MRI measurements. We only require knowledge of the magnitude $|J|$ of one current generated by a given voltage $f$ on the boundary $\\partial\\Omega$. As previously shown, the corresponding voltage potential u in $\\Omega$ is a minimizer of the weighted least gradient problem \\[u=\\hbox{argmin} \\{\\int_{\\Omega}a(x)|\

Moradifam, Amir; Timonov, Alexandre

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Reconstructing f(T)-gravity from the polytropic and different Chaplygin gas dark energy models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by a recent work of us [1], we reconstruct the different f(T)-gravity models corresponding to a set of dark energy scenarios containing the polytropic, the standard Chaplygin, the generalized Chaplygin and the modified Chaplygin gas models. We also derive the equation of state parameter of the selected f(T)-gravity models and obtain the necessary conditions for crossing the phantom-divide line.

Karami, K

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Cryptotomography: reconstructing 3D Fourier intensities from randomly oriented single-shot diffraction patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

These 2000 single-shot diffraction patterns include were either background-scattering only or hits (background-scattering plus diffraction signal from sub-micron ellipsoidal particles at random, undetermined orientations). Candidate hits were identified by eye, and the remainder were presumed as background. 54 usable, background-subtracted hits in this set (procedure in referenced article) were used to reconstruct the 3D diffraction intensities of the average ellipsoidal particle.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Signal Reconstruction in Module 0 of the End-Cap Electromagnetic Calorimeter and Presampler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This note describes signal reconstruction of the EMEC module 0. Two approaches have been tried to derive optimal filtering coefficients. The first one uses an electrical model of the signal path (detector-preamplifier-shaper) while the second approach is based on ad-hoc functions. The pros and the cons of each approach are discussed, and effects of the optimal filtering on noise and energy resolution are shown.

Barrillon, P; Hinz, L; Pralavorio, Pascal

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Cryptotomography: reconstructing 3D Fourier intensities from randomly oriented single-shot diffraction patterns  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

These 2000 single-shot diffraction patterns include were either background-scattering only or hits (background-scattering plus diffraction signal from sub-micron ellipsoidal particles at random, undetermined orientations). Candidate hits were identified by eye, and the remainder were presumed as background. 54 usable, background-subtracted hits in this set (procedure in referenced article) were used to reconstruct the 3D diffraction intensities of the average ellipsoidal particle.

Loh, Ne-Te Duane

434

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Quarterly report, June--August 1993  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source Terms, Environmental Transport, Environmental Monitoring Data, Demography, Food Consumption, and Agriculture, and Environmental Pathways and Dose Estimates.

Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M. [comps.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Neutron imaging with coded sources: new challenges and the implementation of a simultaneous iterative reconstruction technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The limitations in neutron flux and resolution (L/D) of current neutron imaging systems can be addressed with a Coded Source Imaging system with magnification (xCSI). More precisely, the multiple sources in an xCSI system can exceed the flux of a single pinhole system for several orders of magnitude, while maintaining a higher L/D with the small sources. Moreover, designing for an xCSI system reduces noise from neutron scattering, because the object is placed away from the detector to achieve magnification. However, xCSI systems are adversely affected by correlated noise such as non-uniform illumination of the neutron source, incorrect sampling of the coded radiograph, misalignment of the coded masks, mask transparency, and the imperfection of the system Point Spread Function (PSF). We argue that a model-based reconstruction algorithm can overcome these problems and describe the implementation of a Simultaneous Iterative Reconstruction Technique algorithm for coded sources. Design pitfalls that preclude a satisfactory reconstruction are documented.

Santos-Villalobos, Hector J [ORNL; Bingham, Philip R [ORNL; Gregor, Jens [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Megadroughts in Southwestern North America in Millennium-Length ECHO-G Simulations and their Comparison to Proxy Drought Reconstructions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulated hydroclimate variability in millennium-length forced transient and control simulations from the ECHO-G coupled Atmosphere Ocean General Circulation Model (AOGCM) is analyzed and compared to a thousand years of reconstructed Palmer ...

Sloan Coats; Jason E. Smerdon; Richard Seager; Benjamin I. Cook; J. F. González-Rouco

437

Proxy-Based Northern Hemisphere Surface Temperature Reconstructions: Sensitivity to Method, Predictor Network, Target Season, and Target Domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are presented from a set of experiments designed to investigate factors that may influence proxy-based reconstructions of large-scale temperature patterns in past centuries. The factors investigated include 1) the method used to ...

S. Rutherford; M. E. Mann; T. J. Osborn; K. R. Briffa; P?D. Jones; R. S. Bradley; M. K. Hughes

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Pollen-Based Quantitative Reconstruction of Holocene Climate Changes in the Daihai Lake Area, Inner Mongolia, China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vegetation around the Daihai Lake, northern China, is very sensitive to climate changes. In this paper, pollen-based quantitative climate reconstructions using three methods [weighted averaging partial least squares method (WAPLS), modern analog ...

Qinghai Xu; Jule Xiao; Yuecong Li; Fang Tian; Takeshi Nakagawa

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

A Pseudoproxy Evaluation of the CCA and RegEM Methods for Reconstructing Climate Fields of the Last Millennium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canonical correlation analysis (CCA) is evaluated for paleoclimate field reconstructions in the context of pseudoproxy experiments assembled from the millennial integration (850–1999 c.e.) of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community ...

Jason E. Smerdon; Alexey Kaplan; Diana Chang; Michael N. Evans

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Talking Peace: A Population-Based Survey on Attitudes About Security, Dispute Resolution, and Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Liberia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

68 Table 28: Truth and theReconstruction in Liberia Table 28: Truth and the TRC GrandTruth and the TRC . 69 Elections.. 73 Authors and Acknowledgment.. 75 Table

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A Pseudoproxy Evaluation of Bayesian Hierarchical Modeling and Canonical Correlation Analysis for Climate Field Reconstructions over Europe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A pseudoproxy comparison is presented for two statistical methods used to derive annual climate field reconstructions (CFRs) for Europe. The employed methods use the canonical correlation analysis (CCA) procedure presented by Smerdon et al. and ...

Johannes P. Werner; Juerg Luterbacher; Jason E. Smerdon

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Scots Pine (pinus sylvestris L.) on Shingle Fields: A Dendrochronologic Reconstruction of Early Summer Precipitation in Mideast Sweden  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) trees growing on shingle fields offer a unique possibility to reconstruct precipitation and study climate variability in the fairly humid eastern part of central Sweden. Tree-ring characteristics were compared ...

Karin Jönsson; Christer Nilsson

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Position paper - peer review and design verification of selected activities  

SciTech Connect

Position Paper to develop and document a position on the performance of independent peer reviews on selected design and analysis components of the Title I (preliminary) and Title II (detailed) design phases of the Multi-Function Waste Tank Facility project.

Stine, M.D.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Web and Database Developer for Student Academic Services Position Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Web and Database Developer for Student Academic Services Position Summary: Student Academic custom web and relational database applications have been developed using FileMaker Pro, PHP, and MySQL. This position will be responsible for all aspects of web and database development; including upgrading current

Sze, Lawrence

445

Hybrid TOA---AOA Location Positioning Techniques in GSM Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Positioning algorithms and their implementation in mobile networks are being investigated in the literature due to their importance in location services. Nowadays, the need for superior accuracy has cast attention to hybrid positioning techniques. In ... Keywords: Access delay, Angle of arrivals, GSM procedure, Hybrid techniques, Paging signalling, Time of arrivals

Nikos Deligiannis; Spiros Louvros

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Kalman-type positioning filters with floor plan information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A family of Kalman-type filters that estimate the user's position indoors, using range measurements and floor plan data, is presented. The floor plan information is formulated as a set of linear constraints and is used to truncate the Gaussian posterior ... Keywords: Kalman filter, floor plan, inequality constraints, nonlinear filtering, positioning

Tommi Perälä; Simo Ali-Löytty

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

A note on positive energy of topologically massive gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I review how "classical SUGRA" embeddability establishes positive energy E for D=3 topologically massive gravity (TMG), with or without a cosmological term, a procedure familiar from D=4 Einstein gravity (GR). It also provides explicit expressions for E. In contrast to GR, E is not manifestly positive, due to the peculiar two-term nature of TMG.

Deser, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Distributed optimal dynamic base station positioning in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Base station (BS) positioning is an effective method for improving the performance of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). A metric-aware optimal BS positioning and relocation mechanism for WSNs is proposed. This technique locates the BS with respect to ... Keywords: Base station placement, Base station relocation, Least-squares optimization, Wireless sensor networks

P. D. Hossein Zadeh; C. Schlegel; M. H. MacGregor

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Nominal Position Controller for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nonlinear position controller for permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) was designed to achieve position tracing control and robust control. The controller included two parts: the model controller and the robust controller. The former was designed ... Keywords: PMSM, nominal control, sliding mode control

Yuzeng Zhang; Fan Wang; Mingyin Yan

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

RANGING ENERGY OPTIMIZATION FOR ROBUST SENSOR POSITIONING WITH COLLABORATIVE ANCHORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sensor networks (WSNs). In practice, it is costly to equip each sen- sor with a global positioning system-arrival between a sensor and beacons, and then these measure- ments are conveyed somewhere for position estimation are connected to a central processing unit (CPU) and the application requires the CPU to know the sensor

Leus, Geert

451

Characterization of the Micromechanical Flying Insect by Optical Position Sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fiberoptic reflective position sensor system inspired by the Omron system tested here to fit size, accuracy, and bandwidth needs. III. FIBEROPTIC POSITION SENSING Using fiberoptics to transport light to and from) as used with the Omron fiberoptic amplifier were used in the custom system. These PMMA (polymethyl

Fearing, Ron

452

Molecular pulses: Population inversion with positively chirped short pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular pulses: Population inversion with positively chirped short pulses Jianshu Cao of molecular systems can be achieved with intense positively chirped broadband laser pulses. To provide and a four-level model is designed to demonstrate for molecular systems the correlation between the sign

Cao, Jianshu

453

Positive solutions of generalized Emden-Fowler equation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, first we obtain a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of positive solution to a singular impulsive Dirichlet boundary value problem, then we discuss the existence of multiple solutions to a singular impulsive BVP. In the ... Keywords: fixed point index, positive solution, singular impulsive boundary value problem

Xi'an Xu

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Secure position verification for wireless sensor networks in noisy channels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Position verification in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is quite tricky in presence of attackers (malicious sensor nodes), who try to break the verification protocol by reporting their incorrect positions (locations) during the verification stage. In ... Keywords: 3? limit, distance estimation, distributed protocol, location verification, quantiles, wireless networks

Partha Sarathi Mandal; Anil K. Ghosh

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Crustal motion in Indonesia from Global Positioning System measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crustal motion in Indonesia from Global Positioning System measurements Y. Bock,1 L. Prawirodirdjo: crustal motion, Indonesia tectonics, GPS, current plate motions, Southeast Asia Citation: Bock, Y., L, Crustal motion in Indonesia from Global Positioning System measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B8), 2367

McCaffrey, Robert

456

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SunPosition online  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SunPosition online SunPosition online Sunposition online image Easy to use, fast and highly accurate professional sun positioning application with professionally presented printouts for members location results. SunPosition online uses an advanced mathematical algorithm to run calculations which are incredibly accurate, probably the most accurate available, meaning you can be sure to know exactly where to expect the sun, wherever and whenever you need to. Calculations can be made using either true or magnetic north, the application even calculates the magnetic declination for the selected location or location longitude and latitude co-ordinates if manually entered. Ideally suited to be used with Suunto high precision instruments. Screen Shots Keywords sun position, solar angle design, solar azimuth, solar altitude, sun path

457

Cones of positive maps and their duality relations  

SciTech Connect

The structure of cones of positive and k-positive maps acting on a finite-dimensional Hilbert space is investigated. Special emphasis is given to their duality relations to the sets of superpositive and k-superpositive maps. We characterize k-positive and k-superpositive maps with regard to their properties under taking compositions. A number of results obtained for maps are also rephrased for the corresponding cones of block positive, k-block positive, separable, and k-entangled operators due to the Jamiolkowski-Choi isomorphism. Generalizations to a situation where no such simple isomorphism is available are also made, employing the idea of mapping cones. As a side result to our discussion, we show that extreme entanglement witnesses, which are optimal, should be of special interest in entanglement studies.

Skowronek, Lukasz [Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, 30-059 Krakow (Poland); Stoermer, Erling [Department of Mathematics, University of Oslo, 0316 Oslo (Norway); Zyczkowski, Karol [Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, 30-059 Krakow, Poland and Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

458

Clinical evaluations of an amplitude-based binning algorithm for 4DCT reconstruction in radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Phase-binning algorithms are commonly utilized in 4DCT image reconstruction for characterization of tumor or organ shape and respiration motion, but breathing irregularities occurring during 4DCT acquisition can cause considerable image distortions. Recently, amplitude-binning algorithms have been evaluated as a potential improvement to phase-binning algorithms for 4DCT image reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of the first commercially available on-line retrospective amplitude-binning algorithm for comparison to the traditional phase-binning algorithm. Methods: Both phantom and clinical data were used for evaluation. A phantom of known geometry was mounted on a 4D motion platform programmed with seven respiratory waves (two computer generated and five patient trajectories) and scanned with a Philips Brilliance Big bore 16-slice CT simulator. 4DCT images were reconstructed using commercial amplitude- and phase-binning algorithms. Image quality of the amplitude- and phase-binned image sets was compared by evaluation of shape and volume distortions in reconstructed images. Clinical evaluations were performed on 64 4DCT patient image sets in a blinded review process. The amplitude- and phase-binned 4DCT maximum intensity projection (MIP) images were further evaluated for 28 stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) cases of total 64 cases. A preliminary investigation of the effects of respiratory amplitude and pattern irregularities on motion artifact severity was conducted. Results: The phantom experiments illustrated that, as expected, maximum inhalation occurred at the 0% amplitude and maximum exhalation occurred at the 50% amplitude of the amplitude-binned 4DCT image sets. The phantom shape distortions were more severe in the images reconstructed from the phase-binning algorithm. In the clinical study, compared to the phase-binning algorithm, the amplitude-binning algorithm yielded fewer or less severe motion artifacts in 37.5% of the cases (24/64), comparable artifacts in 54.7% of the cases (35/64), and slightly greater artifacts in 7.8% of the cases (5/64). Evaluation of SBRT cases demonstrated that the reconstructed tumor sizes and locations were comparable in 96% (1/28) of the MIP image pairs generated from both amplitude- and phase-binning algorithms. In this case the amplitude-binned image set rendered a smaller tumor size, which was likely due to very shallow respiratory amplitudes occurring over several breathing cycles. Conclusions: Overall, the amplitude-binning algorithm for 4DCT reconstruction reduced the severity of tumor distortion and image artifacts compared to the phase-binning algorithm. However, the full range of motion may not be characterized using amplitude-binning algorithms. Despite superior performance, amplitude binning can still be susceptible to motion artifacts caused by large variations in amplitude of respiratory waves.

Li Hua; Noel, Camille; Garcia-Ramirez, Jose; Low, Daniel; Bradley, Jeffrey; Robinson, Clifford; Mutic, Sasa; Parikh, Parag [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

Beam Position and Phase Monitor - Wire Mapping System  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) deploys many cylindrical beam position and phase monitors (BPPM) throughout the linac to measure the beam central position, phase and bunched-beam current. Each monitor is calibrated and qualified prior to installation to insure it meets LANSCE requirements. The BPPM wire mapping system is used to map the BPPM electrode offset, sensitivity and higher order coefficients. This system uses a three-axis motion table to position the wire antenna structure within the cavity, simulating the beam excitation of a BPPM at a fundamental frequency of 201.25 MHz. RF signal strength is measured and recorded for the four electrodes as the antenna position is updated. An effort is underway to extend the systems service to the LANSCE facility by replacing obsolete electronic hardware and taking advantage of software enhancements. This paper describes the upgraded wire positioning system's new hardware and software capabilities including its revised antenna structure, motion control interface, RF measurement equipment and Labview software upgrades. The main purpose of the wire mapping system at LANSCE is to characterize the amplitude response versus beam central position of BPPMs before they are installed in the beam line. The wire mapping system is able to simulate a beam using a thin wire and measure the signal response as the wire position is varied within the BPPM aperture.

Watkins, Heath A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shurter, Robert B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gilpatrick, John D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kutac, Vincent G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Derwin [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

460

Determination of positions of optical elements of the human eye  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An original method for noninvasive determining the positions of elements of intraocular optics is proposed. The analytic dependence of the measurement error on the optical-scheme parameters and the restriction in distance from the element being measured are determined within the framework of the method proposed. It is shown that the method can be efficiently used for determining the position of elements in the classical Gullstrand eye model and personalised eye models. The positions of six optical surfaces of the Gullstrand eye model and four optical surfaces of the personalised eye model can be determined with an error of less than 0.25 mm. (human eye optics)

Galetskii, S O; Cherezova, T Yu [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2009-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

How to Apply for Senior Executive positions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How to Apply for Senior Executive positions How to Apply for Senior Executive positions How to Apply for Senior Executive positions To apply vacancies for SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE (SES) , SENIOR LEVEL (SL), SCIENTIFIC AND PROFESSIONAL (ST) positions within the Department of Energy please visit OPM's website: http://www.usajobs.gov. From this site, you may download announcements for vacancies of interest to you. SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE (SES) The Guide to Senior Executive Service Qualifications provides detailed information about executive qualifications and tips for writing effective qualification statements. What Are Executive Core Qualifications (ECQs) The Executive Core Qualifications (ECQs) define the competencies needed to build a federal corporate culture that drives for results, serves customers, and builds successful teams and coalitions within and outside

462

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SunPosition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SunPosition SunPosition SunPosition image Calculates time series of sun angles (such as solar altitude and solar azimuth) for a given location and outputs them as text files that can be imported into spreadsheets and solar energy analysis programs. Sun Position is highly customizable: you can have it calculate angles for one specific day, once a month for one year, once a week, daily, etc., and in a given day calculate the angles once a day, hourly, every 15 minutes, etc. Its primary purpose is to assist architects and solar designers perform energy analysis calculations. Screen Shots Keywords solar angle design, solar altitude, solar design Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required None required. Users Several dozen regular users in building and alternative energy fields,

463

How to Apply for an SES Position | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How to Apply for an SES Position How to Apply for an SES Position How to Apply for an SES Position The Senior Executive Service (SES) is an elite group of men and women meeting the highest professional standards who administer public programs at the top levels of the Federal government. SES employees' salaries are linked directly to individual performance. The U.S. Office of Personnel Management's (OPM) SES web page contains a host of information that may be benefical to you. To apply for current SES positions within the Federal Government, including the Department of Energy please visit the Office of Personnel Management's USAJOBS site. From this site, you may view, download and apply for vacancies of interest to you. DOE does not accept unsolicited resumes. You must apply to a specific

464

Mid-Career and Managerial Positions | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Positions If you are looking for a place that offers a challenging and rewarding environment for you to master your field, NNSA is the place for you. Whether you are in...

465

Position control system for use with micromechanical actuators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positioning system adapted for use with micromechanical actuators provides feedback control of the position of the movable element of the actuator utilizing a low Q sensing coil. The effective inductance of the sensing coil changes with position of the movable element to change the frequency of oscillation of a variable oscillator. The output of the variable oscillator is compared in a phase detector to a reference oscillator signal. The phase detector provides a pulsed output having a pulse duty cycle related to the phase or frequency difference between the oscillator signals. The output of the phase detector is provided to a drive coil which applies a magnetic force to the movable element which balances the force of a spring. The movable element can be displaced to a new position by changing the frequency of the reference oscillator.

Guckel, Henry (Madison, WI); Stiers, Eric W. (Madison, WI)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

A Remark on the Strict Positivity of the Entropy Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We establish an algebraic criterion which ensures the strict positivity of the entropy production in quantum models consisting of a small system coupled to thermal reservoirs at different temperatures.

Walter H. Aschbacher; Herbert Spohn

2005-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

467

Probabilistic Prediction of Tropical Cyclones. Part I: Position  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new objective aid for operational prediction of the positions of tropical cyclones is presented. Its method is based on a simple analysis of the performance of all operationally available numerical models during a training period. In a ...

Harry C. Weber

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Positive Cloud-to-Ground Lightning in Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have examined the characteristics of positive cloud-to-ground lightning flashes in Mesoscale Convective Systems observed during the Oklahoma-Kansas PRE-STORM project in 1985. Lightning frequencies and patterns of ground strike locations are ...

Steven A. Rutledge; Chungu Lu; Donald R. MacGorman

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

DEPARTMENT ORIENTATION CHECKLIST SECTION A: EMPLOYEE/POSITION INFORMATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPARTMENT ORIENTATION CHECKLIST SECTION A: EMPLOYEE/POSITION INFORMATION Department Start Date: ___________________ SECTION B: DEPARTMENT ORIENTATION 1. Introductions Colleagues Department Orientation Partner 2. Department Information Philosophy/Objectives University Policies Telephone system

470

Characterization of partial positive transposition states and measures of entanglement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed characterization of partial positive transposition (PPT) states, both in the Heisenberg and in the Schroedinger picture, is given. Measures of entanglement are defined and discussed in details. Illustrative examples are provided.

Majewski, Wladyslaw A. [Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Gdansk University, Wita Stwosza 57, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland); Matsuoka, Takashi [Faculty of Management of Administration and Information, Tokyo University of Science, Suwa, Toyohira 5001, Chino City, Nagano 391-0292 (Japan); Ohya, Masanori [Department of Information Science, Tokyo University of Science, Yamazaki 2641, Noda City, Chiba 278-8510 (Japan)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

A reduction theorem for capacity of positive maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove a reduction theorem for capacity of positive maps of finite dimensional C*-algebras, thus reducing the computation of capacity to the case when the image of a nonscalar projection is never a projection.

Erling Stormer

2005-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

472

Search Reference Guide For Staff and Faculty Positions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Search Reference Guide For Staff and Faculty Positions January 2013 *New Feature* A significant change in PA 7 is the search feature which allows a user to develop real- tiime reporting searches targeted to their needs

Farritor, Shane

473

Dual position locking joint design for a medical walker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we analyzed a joint created for a medical walker currently in the prototyping stage of development. The walker is designed to help a user stand up from a seated position. The joint holds two legs of the ...

Beecher, Eric M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Distal chromatin structure influences local nucleosome positions and gene expression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The positions of nucleosomes across the genome influence several cellular processes, including gene transcription. However, our understanding of the factors dictating where nucleosomes are located and how this affects gene ...

Jansen, An

475

12.540 Principles of Global Positioning Systems, Spring 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this course is to introduce the principles of the Global Positioning System and to demonstrate its application to various aspects of Earth Sciences. The specific content of the course depends each year on the ...

Herring, Thomas

476

Analysis of the structural changes caused by positive DNA supercoiling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The procession of helix-tracking enzymes along a DNA molecule results in the formation of supercoils in the DNA, with positive supercoiling (overwinding) generated ahead of the enzyme, and negative supercoiling (underwinding) ...

Barth, Marita Christine

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Secure Position Verification for Wireless Sensor Networks in Noisy Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Position verification in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is quite tricky in presence of attackers (malicious sensor nodes), who try to break the verification protocol by reporting their incorrect positions (locations) during the verification stage. In the literature of WSNs, most of the existing methods of position verification have used trusted verifiers, which are in fact vulnerable to attacks by malicious nodes. They also depend on some distance estimation techniques, which are not accurate in noisy channels (mediums). In this article, we propose a secure position verification scheme for WSNs in noisy channels without relying on any trusted entities. Our verification scheme detects and filters out all malicious nodes from the network with very high probability.

Mandal, Partha Sarathi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

ROPE: robust position estimation in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the problem of secure location determination, known as Secure Localization, and the problem of verifying the location claim of a node, known as Location Verification, in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). We propose a robust positioning ...

Loukas Lazos; Radha Poovendran; Srdjan ?apkun

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

A novel positioning system for accurate tracking in indoor environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Precise positioning is crucial to many applications involving autonomous robots in indoor environments. Current solutions to the indoor localization problem are either both highly unreliable and inaccurate (like GPS based ...

Linga, Srujan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

BEAM POSITION AND PHASE MONITORS FOR THE LANSCE LINAC  

SciTech Connect

New beam-position and phase monitors are under development for the linac at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). Transducers have been designed and are being fabricated. We are considering many options for the electronic instrumentation to process the signals and provide position and phase data with the necessary precision and flexibility to serve the various required functions. We'll present the various options under consideration for instrumentation along with the advantages and shortcomings of these options.

McCrady, Rodney C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gilpatrick, John D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Power, John F. [AOT-IC

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reconstructing paleo-smt positions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Detecting DNA regulatory motifs by incorporating positional trendsin information content  

SciTech Connect

On the basis of the observation that conserved positions in transcription factor binding sites are often clustered together, we propose a simple extension to the model-based motif discovery methods. We assign position-specific prior distributions to the frequency parameters of the model, penalizing deviations from a specified conservation profile. Examples with both simulated and real data show that this extension helps discover motifs as the data become noisier or when there is a competing false motif.

Kechris, Katherina J.; van Zwet, Erik; Bickel, Peter J.; Eisen,Michael B.

2004-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

482

Characterization of distillability of entanglement in terms of positive maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A necessary and sufficient condition for 1-distillability is formulated in terms of decomposable positive maps. As an application we provide insight into why all states violating the reduction criterion map are distillable and demonstrate how to construct such maps in a systematic way. We establish a connection between a number of existing results, which leads to an elementary proof for the characterisation of distillability in terms of 2-positive maps.

Lieven Clarisse

2004-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

483

BEAM POSITION AND PHASE MONITORS FOR THE LANSCE LINAC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New beam-position and phase monitors are under development for the linac at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE.) Transducers have been designed and are being installed. We are considering many options for the electronic instrumentation to process the signals and provide position and phase data with the necessary precision and flexibility to serve the various required functions. We'll present the various options under consideration for instrumentation along with the advantages and shortcomings of these options.

McCrady, Rodney C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gilpatrick, John D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Watkins, Heath A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

484

Comparative genomic reconstruction of transcriptional networks controlling central metabolism in the Shewanella genus  

SciTech Connect

Genome-scale prediction of gene regulation and reconstruction of transcriptional regulatory networks in bacteria is one of the critical tasks of modern genomics. Despite the growing number of genome-scale gene expression studies, our abilities to convert the results of these studies into accurate regulatory annotations and to project them from model to other organisms are extremely limited. The comparative genomics approaches and computational identification of regulatory sites are useful for the in silico reconstruction of transcriptional regulatory networks in bacteria. The Shewanella genus is comprised of metabolically versatile gamma-proteobacteria, whose lifestyles and natural environments are substantially different from Escherichia coli and other model bacterial species. To explore conservation and variations in the Shewanella transcriptional networks we analyzed the repertoire of transcription factors and performed genomics-based reconstruction and comparative analysis of regulons in 16 Shewanella genomes. The inferred regulatory network includes 82 transcription factors and their DNA binding sites, 8 riboswitches and 6 translational attenuators. Forty five regulons were newly inferred from the genome context analysis, whereas others were propagated from previously characterized regulons in the Enterobacteria and Pseudomonas spp.. However, even orthologous regulators with conserved DNA-binding motifs may control substantially different gene sets, revealing striking differences in regulatory strategies between the Shewanella spp. and E. coli. Multiple examples of regulatory network rewiring include regulon contraction and expansion (as in the case of PdhR, HexR, FadR), and numerous cases of recruiting non-orthologous regulators to control equivalent pathways (e.g. NagR for N-acetylglucosamine catabolism and PsrA for fatty acid degradation) and, conversely, orthologous regulators to control distinct pathways (e.g. TyrR, ArgR, Crp).

Rodionov, Dmitry A.; Novichkov, Pavel; Stavrovskaya, Elena D.; Rodionova, Irina A.; Li, Xiaoqing; Kazanov, Marat D.; Ravcheev, Dmitry A.; Gerasimova, Anna V.; Kazakov, Alexey E.; Kovaleva, Galina Y.; Permina, Elizabeth A.; Laikova, Olga N.; Overbeek, Ross; Romine, Margaret F.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Arkin, Adam P.; Dubchak, Inna; Osterman, Andrei L.; Gelfand, Mikhail S.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

X-band EPR imaging as a tool for gradient dose reconstruction in irradiated bones  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Various tools are currently available for dose reconstruction in individuals after accidental exposure to ionizing radiation. Among the available biological analyses, Monte Carlo simulations, and biophysical methods, such as electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), the latter has proved its usefulness for retrospective dosimetry. Although EPR spectroscopy is probably the most sensitive technique, it does not provide spatial dosimetric data. This information is, however, highly desirable when steep dose gradient irradiations are involved. The purpose of this work was to explore the possibilities of EPR imaging (EPRI) for spatial dose reconstruction in irradiated biological material. Methods: X-band EPRI was used to reconstruct ex vivo the relative dose distribution in human bone samples and hydroxyapatite phantoms after irradiation with brachytherapy seeds or x rays. Three situations were investigated: Homogeneous, stepwise gradient, and continuous gradient irradiation. Results: EPRI gave a faithful relative spin density distribution in bone samples and in hydroxyapatite phantoms. Measured dose ratios were in close agreement with the actual delivered dose ratios. EPRI was able to distinguish the dose gradients induced by two different sources ({sup 125}I and {sup 192}Ir). However, the measured spatial resolution of the system was 1.9 mm and this appeared to be a limiting factor. The method could be improved by using new signal postprocessing strategies. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that EPRI can be used to assess the regional relative dose distribution in irradiated bone samples. The method is currently applicable to ex vivo measurements of small size samples with low variation in tissue density but is likely to be adapted for in vivo application using L-band EPRI.

Leveque, Philippe; Godechal, Quentin; Bol, Anne; Trompier, Francois; Gallez, Bernard [Biomedical Magnetic Resonance Unit, Universite catholique de Louvain, B-1200 Brussels (Belgium); Molecular Imaging and Experimental Radiotherapy Unit, Universite catholique de Louvain, B-1200 Brussels (Belgium); Institut de Surete Nucleaire et de Radioprotection, F-92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses (France); Biomedical Magnetic Resonance Unit, Universite catholique de Louvain, B-1200 Brussels (Belgium)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

Fundamental Limits to Position Determination by Concentration Gradients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Position determination in biological systems is often achieved through protein concentration gradients. Measuring the local concentration of such a protein with a spatially-varying distribution allows the measurement of position within the system. In order for these systems to work effectively, position determination must be robust to noise. Here, we calculate fundamental limits to the precision of position determination by concentration gradients due to unavoidable biochemical noise perturbing the gradients. We focus on gradient proteins with first order reaction kinetics. Systems of this type have been experimentally characterised in both developmental and cell biology settings. For a single gradient we show that, through time-averaging, great precision can potentially be achieved even with very low protein copy numbers. As a second example, we investigate the ability of a system with oppositely directed gradients to find its centre. With this mechanism, positional precision close to the centre improves more slowly with increasing averaging time, and so longer averaging times or higher copy numbers are required for high precision. For both single and double gradients, we demonstrate the existence of optimal length scales for the gradients, where precision is maximized, as well as analyzing how precision depends on the size of the concentration measuring apparatus. Our results provide fundamental constraints on the positional precision supplied by concentration gradients in various contexts, including both in developmental biology and also within a single cell.

Filipe Tostevin; Pieter Rein ten Wolde; Martin Howard

2007-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

487

The continuity of the output entropy of positive maps  

SciTech Connect

Global and local continuity conditions for the output von Neumann entropy for positive maps between Banach spaces of trace-class operators in separable Hilbert spaces are obtained. Special attention is paid to completely positive maps: infinite dimensional quantum channels and operations. It is shown that as a result of some specific properties of the von Neumann entropy (as a function on the set of density operators) several results on the output entropy of positive maps can be obtained, which cannot be derived from the general properties of entropy type functions. In particular, it is proved that global continuity of the output entropy of a positive map follows from its finiteness. A characterization of positive linear maps preserving continuity of the entropy (in the following sense: continuity of the entropy on an arbitrary subset of input operators implies continuity of the output entropy on this subset) is obtained. A connection between the local continuity properties of two completely positive complementary maps is considered. Bibliography: 21 titles.

Shirokov, Maxim E [Steklov Mathematical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

488

Structural algorithm to reservoir reconstruction using passive seismic data (synthetic example)  

SciTech Connect

Using of passive seismic observations to detect a reservoir is a new direction of prospecting and exploration of hydrocarbons. In order to identify thin reservoir model we applied the modification of Gaussian elimination method in conditions of incomplete synthetic data. Because of the singularity of a matrix conventional method does not work. Therefore structural algorithm has been developed by analyzing the given model as a complex model. Numerical results demonstrate of its advantage compared with usual way of solution. We conclude that the gas reservoir is reconstructed by retrieving of the image of encasing shale beneath it.

Smaglichenko, Tatyana A.; Volodin, Igor A.; Lukyanitsa, Andrei A.; Smaglichenko, Alexander V.; Sayankina, Maria K. [Oil and Gas Research Institute, Russian Academy of Science, Gubkina str.3, 119333, Moscow (Russian Federation); Faculty of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie gory, 1, str.52,Second Teaching Building.119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Shmidt's Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Science, Bolshaya Gruzinskaya str. 10, str.1, 123995 Moscow (Russian Federation); Oil and Gas Research Institute, Russian Academy of Science, Gubkina str.3, 119333, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

489

Retina Lesion and Microaneurysm Segmentation using Morphological Reconstruction Methods with Ground-Truth Data  

SciTech Connect

In this work we report on a method for lesion segmentation based on the morphological reconstruction methods of Sbeh et. al. We adapt the method to include segmentation of dark lesions with a given vasculature segmentation. The segmentation is performed at a variety of scales determined using ground-truth data. Since the method tends to over-segment imagery, ground-truth data was used to create post-processing filters to separate nuisance blobs from true lesions. A sensitivity and specificity of 90% of classification of blobs into nuisance and actual lesion was achieved on two data sets of 86 images and 1296 images.

Karnowski, Thomas Paul [ORNL; Govindaswamy, Priya [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Tobin Jr, Kenneth William [ORNL; Chaum, Edward [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Abramoff, M.D. [University of Iowa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Retina Lesion and Microaneurysm Segmentation using Morphological Reconstruction Methods with Ground-Truth Data  

SciTech Connect

In this work we report on a method for lesion segmentation based on the morphological reconstruction methods of Sbeh et. al. We adapt the method to include segmentation of dark lesions with a given vasculature segmentation. The segmentation is performed at a variety of scales determined using ground-truth data. Since the method tends to over-segment imagery, ground-truth data was used to create post-processing filters to separate nuisance blobs from true lesions. A sensitivity and specificity of 90% of classification of blobs into nuisance and actual lesion was achieved on two data sets of 86 images and 1296 images.

Karnowski, Thomas Paul [ORNL; Tobin Jr, Kenneth William [ORNL; Chaum, Edward [ORNL; Muthusamy Govindasamy, Vijaya Priya [ORNL

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Structural algorithm to reservoir reconstruction using passive seismic data (synthetic example)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using of passive seismic observations to detect a reservoir is a new direction of prospecting and exploration of hydrocarbons. In order to identify thin reservoir model we applied the modification of Gaussian elimination method in conditions of incomplete synthetic data. Because of the singularity of a matrix conventional method does not work. Therefore structural algorithm has been developed by analyzing the given model as a complex model. Numerical results demonstrate of its advantage compared with usual way of solution. We conclude that the gas reservoir is reconstructed by retrieving of the image of encasing shale beneath it.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Reconstruction of Neutral Hydrogen Density Profiles in HANBIT Magnetic Mirror Device Using Bayesian Probability Theory  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogen is the main constitute of plasmas in HANBIT magnetic mirror device, therefore, measurement of the emission from excited levels of hydrogen atoms is an important diagnostic tool. From the emissivity of H{sub {alpha}} radiation one can derive quantities such as the neutral hydrogen density and the source rate. An unbiased and consistent probability theory based approach within the framework of Bayesian inference is applied to the reconstruction of H{sub {alpha}} emissivity profiles and hydrogen neutral density profiles in HANBIT magnetic mirror device.

Yoon, J.-S.; Seo, D.-C.; Na, H.-K.; Yoon, S.-W. [Korea Basic Science Institute (Korea, Republic of)

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

493

Search for B+ --> mu+ nu_mu With Inclusive Reconstruction at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

We search for the purely leptonic decay B{sup {+-}} {yields} {mu}{sup {+-}}{nu}{sub {mu}} in the full BABAR dataset, having an integrated luminosity of approximately 426 fb{sup -1}. We adopt a fully inclusive approach, where the signal candidate is identified by the highest momentum lepton in the event and the companion B is inclusively reconstructed without trying to identify its decay products. We set a preliminary upper limit on the branching fraction of {Beta}(B{sup {+-}} {yields} {mu}{sup {+-}}{nu}{sub {mu}}) < 1.3 x 10{sup -6} at the 90% confidence level, using a Bayesian approach.

Aubert, Bernard; Bona, M.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Lopez, L.; Palano, Antimo; Pappagallo, M.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, Bjarne; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Abrams, G.S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Cahn, Robert N.; Jacobsen, R.G.; /LBL, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Consorzio Milano Ricerche /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /Napoli Seconda U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /Perugia U. /INFN, Perugia /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /Banca di Roma /Frascati /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /South Carolina U. /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /Turin U. /INFN, Turin /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z