National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for realized energy outcomes

  1. Realization of Fusion Energy: An alternative fusion roadmap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Realization of Fusion Energy: An alternative fusion roadmap Farrokh Najmabadi Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering Director, Center for Energy Research UC San Diego International Fusion Road of emerging nations, energy use is expected to grow ~ 4 fold in this century (average 1.6% annual growth rate

  2. Oak Ridge's EM Program Realizes Successful 2010 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties -DepartmentAvailable forSite |n t787ORDERRidge's EM Program Realizes

  3. Americas' Energy Leaders Take Action to Realize Energy and Climate...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    renewable energy, cleaner fossil fuels, critical infrastructure, and energy poverty alleviation. DOE's Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs David...

  4. Scale Matters: An Action Plan for Realizing Sector-Wide "Zero-Energy"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , according to the Annual Energy Outlook [EIA Scale Matters: An Action Plan for Realizing Sector-Wide "Zero-Energy" Performance Goals in Commercial Buildings S. Selkowitz, J. Granderson, P. Haves, P. Mathew Environmental Energy Technologies

  5. Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen P.

    2008-01-01

    current DOE/EIA projections of future energy prices made inlatest DOE/EIA projections of future energy prices. The TSDprices to calculate realized savings. To estimate prospective impacts, we developed new projections

  6. Realizing a Clean Energy Future: Highlights of NREL Analysis (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-12-01

    Profound energy system transformation is underway. In Hawaiian mythology, Maui set out to lasso the sun in order to capture its energy. He succeeded. That may have been the most dramatic leap forward in clean energy systems that the world has known. Until now. Today, another profound transformation is underway. A combination of forces is taking us from a carbon-centric, inefficient energy system to one that draws from diverse energy sources - including the sun. NREL analysis is helping guide energy systems policy and investment decisions through this transformation. This brochure highlights NREL analysis accomplishments in the context of four thematic storylines.

  7. Total Energy Outcome City Pilot

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCEDInstallers/ContractorsPhotovoltaicsState ofSavings forTitle XVIIof EnergyofTotal Energy

  8. Tribal Energy Program, Assisting Tribes to Realize Their Energy Visions (Brochure), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-06-01

    This 12-page brochure provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Tribal Energy Program and describes the financial, technical, and educational assistance it provides to help tribes develop their renewable energy resources and reduce their energy consumption.

  9. A Universal Level Converter Towards the Realization of Energy Efficient Implantable Drug Delivery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanty, Saraju P.

    A Universal Level Converter Towards the Realization of Energy Efficient Implantable Drug Delivery VLSI Design and CAD Laboratory (VDCL), University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203, USA. 2 Electrical many side effects, such as reduction in battery life time, increase in operating tempera- ture

  10. Realizing Clean Energy's Potential: Lessons Learned in the U.S. West (Technical Report)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-05-01

    NREL Analysis Insights connects the dots between NREL studies, pulling big picture insights from a larger body of work. In the premiere issue of our new periodical Analysis Insights, we explore lessons learned from experience in the U.S. West for realizing clean energy's potential.

  11. EnergySmart Schools National Financing Roundtable - Key Outcomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-04-01

    This document presents key outcomes from the EnergySmart Schools National Financing Roundtable as a follow-up to the release of its Guide to FInancing EnergySmart Schools

  12. Realization scheme for continuous fuzzy measurement of energy and the monitoring of a quantum transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Audretsch; M. B. Mensky

    1998-12-26

    The continuous fuzzy measurement of energy of a single two-level system driven by a resonant external field is studied. An analysis is given in the framework of the phenomenological restricted path integral approach (RPI) (which reduces effectively to a Schrodinger equation with a complex Hamiltonian) as well as with reference to the microphysical details of a class of concrete physical realizations. Within the RPI approach it is demonstrated that for appropriately adjusted fuzziness, information about the evolution of the state of the system can be read off from the measurement readout E(t). It is shown furthermore how a measurement of this type may be realized by a series of weak and short interactions of the two-level system with a quantum mechanical meter system. After each interaction a macroscopic measuring apparatus causes the meter to transit into one of two states. The result is used to generate the energy readout E(t). In this way a complete agreement with the RPI approach is demonstrated which thus obtains an operational interpretation.

  13. Realizing a Clean Energy Future: Highlights of NREL Analysis (Brochure), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProton DeliveryRadioactiveRare |Real-Time Office of Energy

  14. Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen P.

    2008-01-01

    residential/commercial primary energy consumption and carbonWe estimate the savings in primary energy consumption usingconverting site energy to primary energy consumption. The

  15. Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen P.

    2008-01-01

    but not on energy consumption, as the AHAM data reflect acalculated energy consumption based on annual data from AHAMwith corresponding data on primary energy consumption by the

  16. Study of integration issues to realize the market potential of OTEC energy in the aluminum industry. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Jr., M. S.; Thiagarajan, V.; Sathyanarayana, K.; Markel, A. L.; Snyder, III, J. E.; Sprouse, A. M.; Leshaw, D.

    1980-09-01

    The various integration issues are studied which must be considered to realize the market potential for the use of OTEC by the aluminum industry. The chloride reduction process has been identified as an attractive candidate for use with OTEC systems, and drained-cathode Hall cells and two alternative chloride reduction processes are considered. OTEC power system and plantships for the different processes are described. Aluminum industry characteristics important for OTEC considerations are given, including economic models and case history analyses. Appended are supporting cost estimates and energy bridge concepts for getting OTEC energy to shore. (LEW)

  17. Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen P.

    2008-01-01

    into the Energy Policy Act of 1992, and updates becameEnergy Efficiency Standards for Residential Appliances: 2004 Update,Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances Included in This Study Product Year Effective for Original Standard* and Updates

  18. Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen P.

    2008-01-01

    Administration (2006). Annual Energy Outlook 2006. U.S.and projections in EIA’s Annual Energy Outlook 2006. 4 Theseforecast by EIA in its Annual Energy Outlook 2006, as EIA’s

  19. Realized and prospective impacts of U.S. energy efficiency standards for residential appliances: 2004 update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen; McMahon, James; McNeil, Michael

    2005-01-01

    Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Appliances : 2004 Updateenergy savings due to the original standard and any updatesor energy consumption and the actual values. For updates

  20. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    affect the outcome of their experiment. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsgreen-fuel Download What Does the Sun Give Us? (5 Activities) You may have realized that...

  1. Guide for Conducting Benefit-Cost Evaluation of Realized Impacts of Public R&D Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruegg, Rosalie; Jordan, Gretchen B.

    2011-08-01

    This document provides guidance for evaluators who conduct impact assessments to determine the “realized” economic benefits and costs, energy, environmental benefits, and other impacts of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s (EERE) R&D programs. The focus of this Guide is on realized outcomes or impacts of R&D programs actually experienced by American citizens, industry, and others. Retrospective evaluations may be contrasted to prospective evaluations that reflect expected or potential outcomes only if assumptions hold. The retrospective approach described in this Guide is based on realized results only and the extent they can be attributed to the efforts of an R&D program. While it has been prepared specifically to guide retrospective benefit-cost analysis of EERE R&D Programs, this report may be used for similar analysis of other public R&D organizations.

  2. A Holographic Realization of Ferromagnets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yokoi, Naoto; Sato, Koji; Saitoh, Eiji

    2015-01-01

    A holographic realization for ferromagnetic systems has been constructed. Owing to the holographic dictionary proposed on the basis of this realization, we obtained relevant thermodynamic quantities such as magnetization, magnetic susceptibility, and free energy. This holographic model reproduces the behavior of the mean field theory near the critical temperature. At low temperatures, the results automatically incorporate the contributions from spin wave excitations and conduction electrons.

  3. Scale Matters: An Action Plan for Realizing Sector-Wide "Zero-Energy" Performance Goals in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selkowitz, Stephen

    2008-01-01

    DOE EERE. State Energy Alternatives: Energy Codes andperformance [DOE State Energy Alternatives 2006]. A 2002annually [DOE State Energy Alternatives 2006]. Recent

  4. Scale Matters: An Action Plan for Realizing Sector-Wide "Zero-Energy" Performance Goals in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selkowitz, Stephen

    2008-01-01

    even further. These “net zero energy” buildings (ZEB) followperformance goals for net zero energy buildings. There are abuilding site: a net zero energy building is characterized

  5. Scale Matters: An Action Plan for Realizing Sector-Wide "Zero-Energy" Performance Goals in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selkowitz, Stephen

    2008-01-01

    Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Washington,Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Washington,Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Washington,

  6. Advances in Technology To Realize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Advances in Technology To Realize Fusion Energy in the International Context Kathryn A. McCarthy Deputy Associate Laboratory Director Nuclear Science & Technology Idaho National Laboratory 2008 AAAS Meeting Boston, Massachusetts February 16, 2008 #12;2 The US Enabling Technology Research Mission

  7. Scale Matters: An Action Plan for Realizing Sector-Wide "Zero-Energy" Performance Goals in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selkowitz, Stephen

    2008-01-01

    create zero energy buildings today? A proper answer willdon’t create Zero Energy buildings today because decision-use only half the energy typically used today is a challenge

  8. Workshop Goals, Objectives, and Desired Outcomes | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And Statistics » USAJobs SearchAMERICA'SEnergyofTheDepartment of EnergyNatural Gas

  9. History: Realization problems H-realization for groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berrick, A J.

    History: Realization problems H-realization for groups Michel's response ! Further strongly torsion September 2006 Jon Berrick & Michel Matthey Homological realization of groups, via K-theory #12;History Trieste 2002 Jon Berrick & Michel Matthey Homological realization of groups, via K-theory #12;History

  10. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    provincial programs Total Primary Energy Savings Ten KeyTarget Final Energy (Mtce) Primary Energy (Mtce) Emissionsnot add up to the Total Primary Energy Savings value because

  11. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    International Energy Agency (IEA). 2009. World EnergyIEEJ: July 2007. OECD/IEA. 2010. Energy Balances of OECDParis: OECD Publishing. OECD/IEA. 2010. Energy Balances of

  12. Annual Energy Outlook Retrospective Review

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2015-01-01

    The Annual Energy Outlook Retrospective Review provides a yearly comparison between realized energy outcomes and the Reference case projections included in previous Annual Energy Outlooks (AEO) beginning with 1982. This edition of the report adds the AEO 2012 projections and updates the historical data to incorporate the latest data revisions.

  13. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    installed base. ”Energy and Environmental Science 2: 193-installed base. ” Energy & Environmental Science 2 (2): 94.

  14. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    Agency (IEA). 2009. World Energy Outlook 2009. Paris: OECDIEA. 2009. World Energy Outlook 2009. Paris: OECDAgency (IEA). 2009. World Energy Outlook 2009. Paris: OECD

  15. Realization Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    dominance · Foundation: Multi-attribute utility theory (MAUT) #12;Systems Realization Laboratory 3 Systems

  16. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    Process and Impacts. ” Energy Policy 37 (11): 4720-4729. Ouan emerging market. ” Energy Policy 38 (7): 3797-3806. BYDelectricity sector,” Energy Policy 38 (8): 4209-4213. Chen,

  17. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    on Cars, Climate and Energy: Berlin, Germany. Bradsher, K.Cars, Climate and Energy: Berlin, Germany. Oliver, et .al.energy per capita (kgoe/person) Portgual USA Norway Australia Sweden Korea France Germany

  18. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    emissions. The renewable energy base case assumes 296 GW of2007, pp.32-44. renewable energy sensitivity cases result in

  19. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    drive commercial and residential demand for energy servicesand residential building construction demand as well asof Primary Energy Demand by Sector Residential Commercial

  20. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    energy sources including hydropower and nuclear power. InElectricity includes hydropower, wind, solar and otherefficiency of nuclear, hydropower and renewable energy

  1. The ‘Business’ of Engaging Communities: Unpacking ‘Process’ and ‘Outcome’ as Dimensions of Community Wind Energy Projects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macdonald, Catriona

    2014-11-27

    In recent years, Scotland has seen an increased number of wind energy developments as a result of the Scottish Government’s strategy to achieve its renewable energy target by 2020. This has meant that there has been a ...

  2. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    Alternative Fuel/Vehicle for China’s Future Road Transport: Energyalternative fuel/vehicle for China’s future road transport: Life-cycle energyAlternative Fuel/Vehicle for china’s Future Road Transport: Energy

  3. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    the energy performance of coal fired power plants with post-performance of pulverized coal fired power stations with69 Table 30: China Coal-Fired Electricity Generation

  4. EnergySmart Schools National Financing Roundtable II—Key Outcomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-11-01

    As a follow-up to the release of its Guide to Financing EnergySmart Schools, the the National Financing Roundtable brought together individuals with diverse knowledge of school building programs and projects to discuss financing issues and options that build upon those described in the first Guide to Financing EnergySmart Schools.

  5. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    of the World Energy Outlook (WEO) 2009 76 published by theto at least 2030, with WEO and Tyndall extending theirthe range of CEACER, McKinsey, WEO and Tyndall Centre’s

  6. Realization Modeling and Simulation in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Decision: objective hierarchies and influence diagram System: rover suspension model using Modelica Realization Laboratory System Modeling Modelica language: an object-oriented modeling language for engineering

  7. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina; T. Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-07-01

    After rapid growth in economic development and energy demand over the last three decades, China has undertaken energy efficiency improvement efforts to reduce its energy intensity under the 11th Five Year Plan (FYP). Since becoming the world's largest annual CO{sub 2} emitter in 2007, China has set reduction targets for energy and carbon intensities and committed to meeting 15% of its total 2020 energy demand with non-fossil fuel. Despite having achieved important savings in 11th FYP efficiency programs, rising per capita income and the continued economic importance of trade will drive demand for transport activity and fuel use. At the same time, an increasingly 'electrified' economy will drive rapid power demand growth. Greater analysis is therefore needed to understand the underlying drivers, possible trajectories and mitigation potential in the growing industrial, transport and power sectors. This study uses scenario analysis to understand the likely trajectory of China's energy and carbon emissions to 2030 in light of the current and planned portfolio of programs, policies and technology development and ongoing urbanization and demographic trends. It evaluates the potential impacts of alternative transportation and power sector development using two key scenarios, Continued Improvement Scenario (CIS) and Accelerated Improvement Scenario (AIS). CIS represents the most likely path of growth based on continuation of current policies and meeting announced targets and goals, including meeting planned appliance efficiency standard revisions, fuel economy standards, and industrial targets and moderate phase-out of subcritical coal-fired generation with additional non-fossil generation. AIS represents a more aggressive trajectory of accelerated improvement in energy intensity and decarbonized power and transport sectors. A range of sensitivity analysis and power technology scenarios are tested to evaluate the impact of additional actions such as carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) and integrated mine-mouth generation. The CIS and AIS results are also contextualized and compared to model scenarios in other published studies. The results of this study show that China's energy and CO{sub 2} emissions will not likely peak before 2030, although growth is expected to slow after 2020. Moreover, China will be able to meet its 2020 carbon intensity reduction target of 40 to 45% under both CIS and AIS, but only meet its 15% non-fossil fuel target by 2020 under AIS. Under both scenarios, efficiency remains a key resource and has the same, if not greater, mitigation potential as new technologies in transport and power sectors. In the transport sector, electrification will be closely linked the degree of decarbonization in the power sector and EV deployment has little or no impact on China's crude oil import demand. Rather, power generation improvements have the largest sector potential for overall emission mitigation while mine-mouth power generation and CCS have limited mitigation potential compared to fuel switching and efficiency improvements. Comparisons of this study's results with other published studies reveal that CIS and AIS are within the range of other national energy projections but alternative studies rely much more heavily on CCS for carbon reduction. The McKinsey study, in particular, has more optimistic assumptions for reductions in crude oil imports and coal demand in its abatement scenario and has much higher gasoline reduction potential for the same level of EV deployment. Despite these differences, this study's scenario analysis of both transport and power sectors illustrate the necessity for continued efficiency improvements and aggressive power sector decarbonization in flattening China's CO{sub 2} emissions.

  8. Realized Stock Volatility 2.1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niebur, Ernst

    Chapter 2 Realized Stock Volatility 2.1 Introduction Financial market volatility is indispensable for asset and derivative pricing, asset allocation, and risk management. As volatility is not a directly is to calculate the daily volatility from the sample variance of intraday returns, the `realized' volatility

  9. Next Steps for Realizing Fusion Power and Comparative Analysis of Roadmaps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Next Steps for Realizing Fusion Power and Comparative Analysis of Roadmaps of World Major Fusion Energy Nashville, TN 29 August 2012 M. Abdou TOFE August 2012 #12;Renewed Interest in "Roadmapping, there has been renewed strong interest worldwide in defining in detail the "roadmap" to realizing fusion

  10. Higher Derivative Corrections to Manifestly Supersymmetric Nonlinear Realizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muneto Nitta; Shin Sasaki

    2014-11-05

    When global symmetries are spontaneously broken in supersymmetric vacua, there appear quasi-Nambu-Goldstone (NG) fermions as superpartners of NG bosons. In addition to these, there can appear quasi-NG bosons in general. The quasi-NG bosons and fermions together with the NG bosons are organized into chiral multiplets. K\\"ahler potentials of low-energy effective theories were constructed some years ago as supersymmetric nonlinear realizations. It is known that higher derivative terms in the superfield formalism often encounter with the auxiliary field problem; the auxiliary fields are acted by space-time derivatives and cannot be eliminated. In this paper, we construct higher derivative corrections to supersymmetric nonlinear realizations in the off-shell superfield formalism free from the auxiliary field problem. As an example, we present manifestly supersymmetric chiral Lagrangian.

  11. Realizability for programming languages. Christophe Raffalli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Realizability for programming languages. Christophe Raffalli 29 mars au 4 avril 2010 `a Chamb´ery Abstract We present a toy functional programming language inspired by our work on the PML language [22 by Church [3] in the 30's as a universal programming language based on the sole notion of a function

  12. Noise Reduced Realized Volatility: A Kalman Filter Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, John; Steigerwald, Douglas G

    2009-01-01

    F. , 2004. Microstructure Noise, Realized Volatility, andof Market Microstructure Noise. Working Paper w9611, NBER.Noise Reduced Realized Volatility: A Kalman Filter Approach

  13. Eck Industries, Inc. Realizes Savings Through Smarter Lighting...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Eck Industries, Inc. Realizes Savings Through Smarter Lighting Solutions Eck Industries, Inc. Realizes Savings Through Smarter Lighting Solutions This case study discusses how Eck...

  14. Americas' Energy Leaders Take Action to Realize Energy and Climate

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3AUDITLeslieAlgae BiomassServicesWind Manufacturing

  15. Realization of a scalable Shor algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Monz; Daniel Nigg; Esteban A. Martinez; Matthias F. Brandl; Philipp Schindler; Richard Rines; Shannon X. Wang; Isaac L. Chuang; Rainer Blatt

    2015-07-31

    Quantum computers are able to outperform classical algorithms. This was long recognized by the visionary Richard Feynman who pointed out in the 1980s that quantum mechanical problems were better solved with quantum machines. It was only in 1994 that Peter Shor came up with an algorithm that is able to calculate the prime factors of a large number vastly more efficiently than known possible with a classical computer. This paradigmatic algorithm stimulated the flourishing research in quantum information processing and the quest for an actual implementation of a quantum computer. Over the last fifteen years, using skillful optimizations, several instances of a Shor algorithm have been implemented on various platforms and clearly proved the feasibility of quantum factoring. For general scalability, though, a different approach has to be pursued. Here, we report the realization of a fully scalable Shor algorithm as proposed by Kitaev. For this, we demonstrate factoring the number fifteen by effectively employing and controlling seven qubits and four "cache-qubits", together with the implementation of generalized arithmetic operations, known as modular multipliers. The scalable algorithm has been realized with an ion-trap quantum computer exhibiting success probabilities in excess of 90%.

  16. Realizability of the Lorentzian (n,1)-Simplex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tate, Kyle

    2011-01-01

    In a previous article [arXiv:1108.4965] we have developed a Lorentzian version of the Quantum Regge Calculus in which the significant differences between simplices in Lorentzian signature and Euclidean signature are crucial. In this article we extend a central result used in the previous article, regarding the realizability of Lorentzian triangles, to arbitrary dimension. This technical step will be crucial for developing the Lorentzian model in the case of most physical interest: 3+1 dimensions. We first state (and derive in an appendix) the realizability conditions on the edge-lengths of a Lorentzian n-simplex in total dimension n=d+1, where d is the number of space-like dimensions. We then show that in any dimension there is a certain type of simplex which has all of its time-like edge lengths completely unconstrained by any sort of triangle inequality. This result is the d+1 dimensional analogue of the 1+1 dimensional case of the Lorentzian triangle.

  17. The energy band gap of a semiconductor material critically influences the operating wavelength in an optoelectronic device. Realization of any desired band gap, or even spatially graded band gaps, is important

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :00 PM; ERC 490 School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy #12;The energy band gap of a semiconductor material critically influences the operating wavelength for applications such as lasers, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), solar cells, and detectors. New band gaps can

  18. Experimental Realization of Quantum Artificial Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li Zhaokai; Liu Xiaomei; Xu Nanyang; Du jiangfeng

    2014-10-04

    Machines are possible to have some artificial intelligence like human beings owing to particular algorithms or software. Such machines could learn knowledge from what people taught them and do works according to the knowledge. In practical learning cases, the data is often extremely complicated and large, thus classical learning machines often need huge computational resources. Quantum machine learning algorithm, on the other hand, could be exponentially faster than classical machines using quantum parallelism. Here, we demonstrate a quantum machine learning algorithm on a four-qubit NMR test bench to solve an optical character recognition problem, also known as the handwriting recognition. The quantum machine learns standard character fonts and then recognize handwritten characters from a set with two candidates. To our best knowledge, this is the first artificial intelligence realized on a quantum processor. Due to the widespreading importance of artificial intelligence and its tremendous consuming of computational resources, quantum speedup would be extremely attractive against the challenges from the Big Data.

  19. Generalized Input/Output Equations and Nonlinear Realizability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuan

    operator satisfies a possibly high-order differential input/output equation, then it is locally realizable-9108250 and DMS-9403924 Keywords: Generating series, local realization of input/output operators, input/outputGeneralized Input/Output Equations and Nonlinear Realizability Yuan Wang Mathematics Department

  20. Family Outcomes: Policy & Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuna, Nina

    2005-05-05

    Assistive Technology IDEA Family Services/Supports Part B Family training Counseling & home visits Psychological services Social Work Services Audiology Services Speech Language Services Orientation & Mobility Services IDEA Program Evaluation-Part C... Outcomes (ECO) Center Funded by OSEP to develop child & family outcomes Serves as a technical resource to states Conducts research Collaborates with families, researchers, community members on development of outcomes ECO Family Outcomes Understand child’s...

  1. Promoting Energy Efficiency in Cement Making: The ENERGY STAR(R) for Industry Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst

    2007-01-01

    corporate-wide energy management system. CPCC realized thatcategories: Energy management programs and systems Motor

  2. Nuclear & Hadron Physics Colloquium Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 26 April 2010 CHIRAL DYNAMICS Realizations of QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weise, Wolfram

    -Energy Expansion: CHIRAL PERTURBATION THEORY 1 GeV #12;2 Nuclear Forces - Recent Developments - V 1 2 3 IIIIII r [µNuclear & Hadron Physics Colloquium Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 26 April 2010 CHIRAL DYNAMICS Realizations of QCD in HADRONIC and NUCLEAR PHYSICS Wolfram Weise Nuclear chiral dynamics QCD interface

  3. Realization of Algae Potential Algae Biomass Yield Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Realization of Algae Potential Algae Biomass Yield Program March 25, 2015 Technology Area Review Peter Lammers, P.I. New Mexico State University -> Arizona State University This...

  4. Realizing a supercapacitor in an electrical circuit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fukuhara, Mikio Kuroda, Tomoyuki; Hasegawa, Fumihiko

    2014-11-17

    Capacitors are commonly used in electronic resonance circuits; however, capacitors have not been used for storing large amounts of electrical energy in electrical circuits. Here, we report a superior RC circuit which serves as an electrical storage system characterized by quick charging and long-term discharging of electricity. The improved energy storage characteristics in this mixed electric circuit (R{sub 1}?+?R{sub 2}C{sub 1}) with small resistor R{sub 1}, large resistor R{sub 2}, and large capacitor C{sub 1} are derived from the damming effect by large R{sub 2} in simple parallel R{sub 2}C{sub 1} circuit. However, no research work has been carried out previously on the use of capacitors as electrical energy storage devices in circuits. Combined with nanotechnology, we hope that our finding will play a remarkable role in a variety of applications such as hybrid electric vehicles and backup power supplies.

  5. Lessons Learned: Measuring Program Outcomes and Using Benchmarks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lessons Learned: Measuring Program Outcomes and Using Benchmarks, a presentation on August 21, 2013 by Dale Hoffmeyer, U.S. Department of Energy.

  6. Nanomanufacturing: Realizing the Promise of Nanotechnology for Energy Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Company C3's MIST (Metal Infusion Surface Treatment) technology is a low-temperature coating process that infuses a new alloy several hundred nanometers (nm) deep into the surface of a metal to create enhanced

  7. Realizing Technologies for Magnetized Target Fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wurden, Glen A.

    2012-08-24

    Researchers are making progress with a range of magneto-inertial fusion (MIF) concepts. All of these approaches use the addition of a magnetic field to a target plasma, and then compress the plasma to fusion conditions. The beauty of MIF is that driver power requirements are reduced, compared to classical inertial fusion approaches, and simultaneously the compression timescales can be longer, and required implosion velocities are slower. The presence of a sufficiently large Bfield expands the accessibility to ignition, even at lower values of the density-radius product, and can confine fusion alphas. A key constraint is that the lifetime of the MIF target plasma has to be matched to the timescale of the driver technology (whether liners, heavy ions, or lasers). To achieve sufficient burn-up fraction, scaling suggests that larger yields are more effective. To handle the larger yields (GJ level), thick liquid wall chambers are certainly desired (no plasma/neutron damage materials problem) and probably required. With larger yields, slower repetition rates ({approx}0.1-1 Hz) for this intrinsically pulsed approach to fusion are possible, which means that chamber clearing between pulses can be accomplished on timescales that are compatible with simple clearing techniques (flowing liquid droplet curtains). However, demonstration of the required reliable delivery of hundreds of MJ of energy, for millions of pulses per year, is an ongoing pulsed power technical challenge.

  8. Green Computing input for better outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Feng

    Journal Profile: Udi Dahan Green Maturity Model for Virtualization Profiling Energy Usage for Efficient suggests that tracking energy consumption at every level will become the factor of success for greenGreen Computing input for better outcomes Learn the discipline, pursue the art, and contribute

  9. Realization of Bose-Einstein condensation with Lithium-7 atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Yichao

    2014-01-01

    This thesis presents our work on developing and improving the techniques of trapping and cooling an ultra-cold cloud of Lithium-7 atoms and the realization of the Bose- Einstein condensate as a first step to study quantum ...

  10. Guide for Conducting Benefit-Cost Evaluation of Realized Impacts...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Guide for Conducting Benefit-Cost Evaluation of Realized Impacts of Public R&D Programs, prepared by Rosalie Ruegg, TIA Consulting Inc. and Gretchen B. Jordan, Sandia National...

  11. TV-PR: Theme and Variations Planner/Realizer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Richard Wesley

    2013-02-22

    Computer generated music sounds too random and disconnected. Even when the melody and harmony are very pleasant (a task that computers are increasingly adept at performing), one doesn't have to listen long before realizing ...

  12. Stochastic realization theory for exact and approximate multiscale models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tucker, Dewey S. (Dewey Stanton)

    2005-01-01

    The thesis provides a detailed analysis of the independence structure possessed by multiscale models and demonstrates that such an analysis provides important insight into the multiscale stochastic realization problem. ...

  13. Realizing the PRomise of Innovative Materials and Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post, Wilfred M.

    performance, multifunctionality, and lower overall manufacturing costs. Not only does additive manufacturingRealizing the PRomise of Innovative Materials and Manufacturing Technologies to Make Next · Investigating alternate low-cost feedstock materials · Increasing performance enhancements for materials

  14. Realization of some local unitary operations by graph switching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supriyo Dutta; Bibhas Adhikari; Subhashish Banerjee

    2015-02-27

    In this work we implement a graph theoretical realization of local unitary transformations, implemented by single qubit Pauli gates, by adapting techniques of graph switching. This leads to the concept of local unitary equivalent graphs. We illustrate our method by a few, well known, local unitary transformations implemented by single qubit Pauli and Hadamard gates.

  15. Hidden Challenges to MEMS Commercialization: Design Realization and Reliability Assurance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McWhorter, P.J.; Miller, S.L.; Miller, W.M.; Rodger, M.S.; Yarberry, V.R.

    1999-01-20

    The successful commercialization of MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) is an essential prerequisite for their implementation in many critical government applications. Several unique challenges must be overcome to achieve this widespread commercialization. Challenges associated with design realization and reliability assurance are discussed, along with approaches taken by Sandia to successfully overcome these challenges.

  16. Realization of Coinductive Types Dexter Kozen1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozen, Dexter

    of final coal- gebras for type signatures corresponding to polynomial functors on SetV , where V is a setMFPS 2011 Realization of Coinductive Types Dexter Kozen1,2 Department of Computer Science Cornell coalgebras for a modest generalization of polynomial functors on Set. Type signatures are modeled as directed

  17. Realized Gain from Breeding Eucalyptus grandis in Florida1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Realized Gain from Breeding Eucalyptus grandis in Florida1 George Meskimen2 A small but intense eucalyptus research effort began in Florida in 1961 with the private, non- profit Florida Forests Florida. By 1965 we had established numerous eucalyptus experiments, including 14 screening trials

  18. A spacetime realization of kappa-Poincare algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Mignemi

    2005-08-02

    We study a Hamiltonian realization of the phase space of kappa-Poincare algebra that yields a definition of velocity consistent with the deformed Lorentz symmetry. We are also able to determine the laws of transformation of spacetime coordinates and to define an invariant spacetime metric, and discuss some possible experimental consequences.

  19. Reykjavik University School of Science and Engineernig 221014 Learning outcomes for BSc in Mechanical and Energy Engineering SIE/ISR/G/IS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    in Mechanical and Energy Engineering SIE/ISR/ÁG/IS 1 BSc in Mechanical and Energy Engineering The Mechanical and Energy Engineering BSc program is 3.5 years (7 semesters) full time study. The total credits are 210 ECTS. Students have the option of choosing between two fields of specialization: Mechanical Design or Energy

  20. Testing Hardy nonlocality proof with genuine energy-time entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Vallone; I. Gianani; E. B. Inostroza; C. Saavedra; G. Lima; A. Cabello; P. Mataloni

    2011-01-27

    We show two experimental realizations of Hardy ladder test of quantum nonlocality using energy-time correlated photons, following the scheme proposed by A. Cabello \\emph{et al.} [Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{102}, 040401 (2009)]. Unlike, previous energy-time Bell experiments, these tests require precise tailored nonmaximally entangled states. One of them is equivalent to the two-setting two-outcome Bell test requiring a minimum detection efficiency. The reported experiments are still affected by the locality and detection loopholes, but are free of the post-selection loophole of previous energy-time and time-bin Bell tests.

  1. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 11 DECEMBER 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2163 Realization of a micrometre-sized stochastic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    we present an experimental realization of a Stirling engine, where a single Brownian particle-sized stochastic heat engine Valentin Blickle1,2 * and Clemens Bechinger1,2 The conversion of energy engines by Sadi Carnot in 1824 has largely shaped our understanding of work and heat exchange during

  2. Software realization of the complex spectra analysis algorithm in R

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bakhrushin, Vladimir

    2015-01-01

    Software realization of the complex spectra decomposition on unknown number of similarcomponents is proposed.The algorithm is based on non-linear minimizing the sum of squared residuals of the spectrum model. For the adequacy checking the complex of criteria is used.It tests the model residuals correspondence with the normal distribution, equality to zero of their mean value and autocorrelation. Also the closeness of residuals and experimental data variances is checked.

  3. Writing and Assessing Learning Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Outcomes... Are student-focused Focus on learning resulting from an activity rather than the activity outcomes) to describing effectiveness (Learning outcomes) · Links Student Affairs and Academic Affairs; links curricular and co-curricular #12;Biggest challenges to assessing learning · Students do

  4. Mechanical Realization of a Multichanel Martin Puplett Interferometer for Perpendicular and Oblique ECE Measurements on JET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mechanical Realization of a Multichanel Martin Puplett Interferometer for Perpendicular and Oblique ECE Measurements on JET

  5. Proposal for new experimental schemes to realize the Avogadro constant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biraben, F; Clad, P; Genevs, G; Gournay, P; Guellati-Khlifa, S; Julien, L; Juncar, P; De Mirandes, E; Nez, F

    2006-01-01

    We propose two experimental schemes to determine and so to realize the Avogadro constant $N\\_{A}$ at the level of 10$^{-7}$ or better with a watt balance experiment and a cold atom experiment measuring $h/m(X)$ (where $h$ is the Planck constant and $m(X)$ the mass of the atom $X$). We give some prospects about achievable uncertainties and we discuss the opportunity to test the existence of possible unknown correction factors for the Josephson effect and quantum Hall effect.

  6. A Magnetic Resonance Realization of Decoherence-Free Quantum Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jason E. Ollerenshaw; Daniel A. Lidar; Lewis E. Kay

    2003-09-24

    We report the realization, using nuclear magnetic resonance techniques, of the first quantum computer that reliably executes an algorithm in the presence of strong decoherence. The computer is based on a quantum error avoidance code that protects against a class of multiple-qubit errors. The code stores two decoherence-free logical qubits in four noisy physical qubits. The computer successfully executes Grover's search algorithm in the presence of arbitrarily strong engineered decoherence. A control computer with no decoherence protection consistently fails under the same conditions.

  7. Realization of Measurement and the Standard Quantum Limit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masanao Ozawa

    2015-05-05

    This paper, following [M. Ozawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 385 (1988)], reports a refutation of the claim that for monitoring the position of a free mass such as gravitational-wave interferometers the sensitivity is limited by the so called standard quantum limit (SQL) due to the uncertainty principle. The latest proof of the SQL is analyzed to revleal an unsupported assumption on quantum measurements. Quantum measurement theory is introduced to give a general criterion for physically realizable measurements in quantum mechanics. A theory of approximate position measurements is developed to obtain a rigorous condition for the SQL and also to show that a precise position measurement can leave the object in an arbitrary family of states independent of the input state. This concludes that Yuen's proposal of breaking the SQL by a contractive state measurement, a measurement of the position leaving the free mass in a state with the position uncertainty decreasing in time, is physically realizable in principle. To enforce this conclusion, a model for error-free position measurement that leaves the object in a contractive state is constructed with a solvable Hamiltonian for measuring interaction. Finally, this model is shown to break the SQL with arbitrary accuracy.

  8. Desired Outcomes Description of Desired Outcomes for MAE Programme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    #12;Desired Outcomes General Criteria Description of Desired Outcomes for MAE Programme 1 2 3 4 of mechanical and automation engineering An ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze, especially the importance of health, safety and environmental considerations to both workers and the general

  9. Crystalline realizations of 1-motives Fabrizio Andreatta and Luca Barbieri Viale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crystalline realizations of 1-motives Fabrizio Andreatta and Luca Barbieri Viale February 10, 2003 Abstract We consider the crystalline realization of Deligne's 1-motives in positive characteristics that one dimensional crystalline cohomology of an algebraic variety, defined by universal cohomological

  10. Crystalline realizations of 1-motives Fabrizio Andreatta and Luca Barbieri Viale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crystalline realizations of 1-motives Fabrizio Andreatta* Abstract We consider the crystalline realization of Deligne's 1-motives in posit* *ive characteristic. We then show that one dimensional crystalline cohomology of an algebrai* *c variety

  11. Procedures for realizing an approximate universal NOT gate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeongho Bang; Seung-Woo Lee; Hyunseok Jeong; Jinhyoung Lee

    2012-12-19

    We consider procedures to realize an approximate universal NOT gate in terms of average fidelity and fidelity deviation. The average fidelity indicates the optimality of operation on average, while the fidelity deviation does the universality of operation. We show that one-qubit operations have a sharp trade-off relation between average fidelity and fidelity deviation, and two-qubit operations show a looser trade-off relation. The genuine universality holds for operations of more than two qubits, and those of even more qubits are beneficial to compensating imperfection of control. In addition, we take into account operational noises which contaminate quantum operation in realistic circumstances. We show that the operation recovers from the contamination by a feedback procedure of differential evolution. Our feedback scheme is also applicable to finding an optimal and universal operation of NOT.

  12. Realization of SU(2)*SU(6) Fermi System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taie, Shintaro; Sugawa, Seiji; Yamazaki, Rekishu; Tsujimoto, Takuya; Murakami, Ryo; Takahashi, Yoshiro

    2010-01-01

    We report the realization of a novel degenerate Fermi mixture with an SU(2)*SU(6) symmetry in a cold atomic gas. We successfully cool the mixture of the two fermionic isotopes of ytterbium 171Yb with the nuclear spin I=1/2 and 173Yb with I=5/2 below the Fermi temperature T_ F as 0.46T_F for 171Yb and 0.54T_F for 173Yb. The same scattering lengths for different spin components make this mixture featured with the novel SU(2)*SU(6) symmetry. The nuclear spin components are separately imaged by exploiting an optical Stern-Gerlach effect. In addition, the mixture is loaded into a 3D optical lattice to implement the SU(2)*SU(6) Hubbard model. This mixture will open the door to the study of novel quantum phases such as a spinor Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer-like fermionic superfluid.

  13. Realizing the Potential ofRealizing the Potential of iLabsiLabs in subin sub--Sahara AfricaSahara Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jesús A.

    Realizing the Potential ofRealizing the Potential of iLabsiLabs in subin sub--Sahara AfricaSahara Africa KickKick--Off/Steering Committee MeetingOff/Steering Committee MeetingObafemi Awolowo University -- Overview ofOverview of iLabiLab andand iLabiLab--Africa projects by Prof. del AlamoAfrica projects by Prof

  14. Top Management Involvement in the Adoption of Energy Efficiency Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blass, Vered; Corbett, Charles J.; Delmas, Magali A; Muthulingam, Suresh

    2011-01-01

    within Firms to Energy-Efficient Investments. Energy PolicyAdoption: The Case of Energy- Efficiency Audits. Resource695. Expert Group on Energy Efficiency. 2007. Realizing the

  15. Final Report for the Virtual Reliability Realization System LDRD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DELLIN, THEODORE A.; HENDERSON, CHRISTOPHER L.; O'TOOLE, EDWARD J.

    2000-12-01

    Current approaches to reliability are not adequate to keep pace with the need for faster, better and cheaper products and systems. This is especially true in high consequence of failure applications. The original proposal for the LDRD was to look at this challenge and see if there was a new paradigm that could make reliability predictions, along with a quantitative estimate of the risk in that prediction, in a way that was faster, better and cheaper. Such an approach would be based on the underlying science models that are the backbone of reliability predictions. The new paradigm would be implemented in two software tools: the Virtual Reliability Realization System (VRRS) and the Reliability Expert System (REX). The three-year LDRD was funded at a reduced level for the first year ($120K vs. $250K) and not renewed. Because of the reduced funding, we concentrated on the initial development of the expertise system. We developed an interactive semiconductor calculation tool needed for reliability analyses. We also were able to generate a basic functional system using Microsoft Siteserver Commerce Edition and Microsoft Sequel Server. The base system has the capability to store Office documents from multiple authors, and has the ability to track and charge for usage. The full outline of the knowledge model has been incorporated as well as examples of various types of content.

  16. Skew-symmetric differential forms. Invariants. Realization of invariant structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. I. Petrova

    2009-01-13

    Skew-symmetric differential forms play an unique role in mathematics and mathematical physics. This relates to the fact that closed exterior skew-symmetric differential forms are invariants. The concept of "Exterior differential forms" was introduced by E.Cartan for a notation of integrand expressions, which can create the integral invariants.(The existence of integral invariants was recognized by A.Poincare while studying the general equations of dynamics.) All invariant mathematical formalisms are based on invariant properties of closed exterior forms. The invariant properties of closed exterior forms explicitly or implicitly manifest themselves essentially in all formalisms of field theory, such as the Hamilton formalism, tensor approaches, group methods, quantum mechanics equations, the Yang-Mills theory and others. They lie at the basis of field theory. However, in this case the question of how the closed exterior forms are obtained arises. In present work it is shown that closed exterior forms, which possess the invariant properties, are obtained from skew-symmetric differential forms, which, as contrasted to exterior forms, are defined on nonintegrable manifolds. The process of generating closed exterior forms describes the mechanism of realization of invariants and invariant structures.

  17. PROGRAM OUTCOMES "The graduate will:"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanyes, Ollie

    care technologies, information systems, and communication devices to support safe clinical practice. V issues that affect the nursing profession and clinical outcomes. VI. Foster communication between, while upholding professional standards of moral, ethical, and legal conduct. IX. Integrate, translate

  18. SPANISH STUDIES Program Learning Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    SPANISH STUDIES Program Learning Outcomes 1. Students will achieve advanced language proficiency in Spanish: they will have the ability to narrate language and literacy skills in Spanish: Students will acquire a foundation

  19. MEng Degree: Outcomes & Assessment Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    and Environmental Engineering Biomedical Engineering Chemical Engineering Civil and Environmental Engineering Development 2. Biological and Environmental Engineering a. List of core learning outcomes: i. Mastery. Self-directed Learning and Professional Development 5. Civil and Environmental Engineering a. List

  20. Opportunities to save energy and improve comfort by using wireless sensor networks in buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Danni; Arens, Edward; Federspiel, Cliff

    2003-01-01

    realization of ultra-low energy wireless sensor networks.TO SAVE ENERGY AND IMPROVE COMFORT BY USING WIRELESS SENSOR

  1. Eck Industries, Inc. Realizes Savings Through Smarter Lighting Solutions

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergy (AZ, CA,EnergystudentThis theEVERETTA NNEWSEck Industries,

  2. Study Design And Realization Of Solar Water Heater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lounis, M.; Boudjemaa, F.; Akil, S. Kouider

    2011-01-17

    Solar is one of the most easily exploitable energy, it is moreover inexhaustible. His applications are many and are varied. The heating of the domestic water is one of the most immediate, simplest and also of most widespread exploitation of the solar energy. Algeria, from its geographical situation, it deposits one of the largest high sun surface expositions in the world. The exposition duration of the almost territory exceeds 2000 hours annually and can reach the 3900 hours (high plateaus and Sahara). By knowing the daily energy received by 1 m{sup 2} of a horizontal surface of the solar thermal panel is nearly around 1700 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the north and 2263 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the south of the country, we release the most important and strategic place of the solar technologies in the present and in the future for Algeria. This work consists to study, conceive and manufacture solar water heating with the available local materials so, this type of the energy will be profitable for all, particularly the poor countries. If we consider the illumination duration of the panel around 6 hours a day, the water heat panel manufactured in our laboratory produce an equivalent energy of 11.615 KWh a day so, 4239 KWh a year. These values of energy can be easily increased with performing the panel manufacture.

  3. Selling Random Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bitar, Eilyan Yamen

    2011-01-01

    central challenge to large-scale integration of renewable energycentral issues that must be resolved in order to realize the renewable energy

  4. GOCE DATA ANALYSIS: REALIZATION OF THE INVARIANTS APPROACH IN A HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuttgart, Universität

    GOCE DATA ANALYSIS: REALIZATION OF THE INVARIANTS APPROACH IN A HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING) implementation of the algorithms on high performance computing platforms. #12;2. INVARIANTS REPRESENTATION

  5. DRAFT - DO NOT CITE Securing America's Future: Realizing the

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratory | version of the1996of EnergyIdahoS . D E P A R T4,3NOT

  6. DRAFT-DO NOT CITE Securing America's Future: Realizing the

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratory | version of the1996of EnergyIdahoS . D E P A RDRAFT-DO

  7. Eck Industries, Inc. Realizes Savings Through Smarter Lighting Solutions |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPL EnergyPlus,Department of

  8. The North America Array: Technology Development and the Realization of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    . Soderberg (CfA), G. Taylor (UNM), J.C. Webber (NRAO), and the USSKA Consortium (http and infrastruc- ture we have developed in building and operating the world-leading suite of facilities: ALMA, and harnessing the energy of North American astronomical community. There are compelling advantages to building

  9. Realizing InGaN monolithic solar-photoelectrochemical cells for artificial photosynthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dahal, R.; Pantha, B. N.; Li, J.; Lin, J. Y.; Jiang, H. X., E-mail: hx.jiang@ttu.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (United States)

    2014-04-07

    InGaN alloys are very promising for solar water splitting because they have direct bandgaps that cover almost the whole solar spectrum. The demonstration of direct solar-to-fuel conversion without external bias with the sunlight being the only energy input would pave the way for realizing photoelectrochemical (PEC) production of hydrogen by using InGaN. A monolithic solar-PEC cell based on InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells capable to directly generate hydrogen gas under zero bias via solar water splitting is reported. Under the irradiation by a simulated sunlight (1-sun with 100 mW/cm{sup 2}), a 1.5% solar-to-fuel conversion efficiency has been achieved under zero bias, setting a fresh benchmark of employing III-nitrides for artificial photosynthesis. Time dependent hydrogen gas production photocurrent measured over a prolonged period (measured for 7 days) revealed an excellent chemical stability of InGaN in aqueous solution of hydrobromic acid. The results provide insights into the architecture design of using InGaN for artificial photosynthesis to provide usable clean fuel (hydrogen gas) with the sunlight being the only energy input.

  10. Property:ExplorationOutcome | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to: navigation,Property Edit with form

  11. Top Management Involvement in the Adoption of Energy Efficiency Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blass, Vered; Corbett, Charles J.; Delmas, Magali A; Muthulingam, Suresh

    2011-01-01

    Adoption: The Case of Energy- Efficiency Audits. Resource695. Expert Group on Energy Efficiency. 2007. Realizing theDiscount Rates and Energy Efficiency. Contemporary Economic

  12. Towards Realizing a Low Cost and Highly Available Datacenter Power Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giles, C. Lee

    Towards Realizing a Low Cost and Highly Available Datacenter Power Infrastructure Sriram Govindan,yic@zurich.ibm.com,{anand,bhuvan}@cse.psu.edu Abstract. Realizing highly available datacenter power in- frastructure is an extremely expensive datacenter availability models using Continuous-time Markov Chains and Reliability Block Diagrams to quantify

  13. Crystalline realizations of 1motives Fabrizio Andreatta and Luca Barbieri Viale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crystalline realizations of 1­motives Fabrizio Andreatta and Luca Barbieri Viale February 10, 2003 # Abstract We consider the crystalline realization of Deligne's 1­motives in positive characteristics that one dimensional crystalline cohomology of an algebraic variety, defined by universal cohomological

  14. The Novel ''Controlled Intermediate Nuclear Fusion'' and its Possible Industrial Realization as Predicted by Hadronic Mechanics and Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruggero Maria Santilli

    2006-02-17

    In this note, we propose, apparently for the first time, a new type of controlled nuclear fusion called "intermediate" because occurring at energies intermediate between those of the ''cold'' and ''hot'' fusions, and propose a specific industrial realization. For this purpose: 1) We show that known limitations of quantum mechanics, quantum chemistry and special relativity cause excessive departures from the conditions occurring for all controlled fusions; 2) We outline the covering hadronic mechanics, hadronic chemistry and isorelativity specifically conceived, constructed and verified during the past two decades for new cleans energies and fuels; 3) We identify seven physical laws predicted by the latter disciplines that have to be verified by all controlled nuclear fusions to occur; 4) We review the industrial research conducted to date in the selection of the most promising engineering realization as well as optimization of said seven laws; and 5) We propose with construction details a specific {\\it hadronic reactor} (patented and international patents pending), consisting of actual equipment specifically intended for the possible industrial production of the clean energy released by representative cases of controlled intermediate fusions for independent scrutiny by interested colleagues.

  15. Outcomes/Impacts Our Ag Agent established a monitoring system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Outcomes/Impacts · Our Ag Agent established a monitoring system and educational outreach to area farms to track and manage an emerging insect threat to county berry crops. · As a result of County preservation, nutrition and wellness as well as energy and housing and specific programs to meet the needs

  16. Midstream Infrastructure Improvements Key to Realizing Full Potential of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPAEnergy6-09.doc Microsoft WordBlends Mid-LevelDomestic

  17. Could what that ESCO sales rep said really be true? Savings realization rates in ESPC versus bid-to-spec projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coleman, Philip; Earni, Shankar; Williams, Charles

    2014-08-11

    Claims that savings realization is greater in energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs) are rampant at least among energy service company representatives and other ESPC cheerleaders. But hard supporting evidence for these claims has been virtually non-existent. The Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program uses its Compliance Tracking System (CTS) database to document the performance of federal buildings and projects towards meeting various federal energy-saving goals. This paper focuses on preliminary analysis from CTS to understand and compare the performance of federal ESPCs with projects that have been implemented with more conventional government appropriations funding. The authors have found preliminary evidence using CTS that shows markedly higher savings realization rates among ESPC projects than appropriations-funded ones. There are numerous caveats to the data comparison that clamor for further study, but the difference is still intriguing. If borne out, this finding will provide concrete support to the idea that ESPCs guarantees and measurement and verification, long touted by energy service companies (ESCOs) as offering savings assurance, may truly yield substantial benefits. If ESPCs actually do perform better (i.e., have higher realization rates and savings persistence) than conventional bid-to-spec projects, the perceived premium for conducting them may look like a very good deal after all.

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    affect the outcome of their experiment. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsgreen-fuel Download Energy Efficiency at Home- An Interdisciplinary Module for Energy...

  19. Stronger Manufacturers' Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    into, the United States. "Homeowners who choose to buy more energy-efficient air conditioning systems after today will realize significant savings in their energy bills and...

  20. Realizing the fusion rules of Ising anyons without lattice defects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferreira, Miguel Jorge Bernabe; Teotonio-Sobrinho, Paulo

    2015-01-01

    Topologically ordered phases in two dimensions are characterized by their low energy excitations which are called anyons. These anyons are labeled by a set of anyon labels which can be braided and fused. These fusion and braiding properties can remain invariant under certain permutations of these anyon labels which generate an anyon symmetry group. In the example of the toric code this anyon symmetry manifests itself in the exchange of the charge, $e$ and flux, $m$ particles which is nothing but the electric-magnetic duality of the toric code model of Kitaev. However this is a global symmetry of the theory. It was shown to occur locally by the introduction of lattice defects which in turn induces a change in the toric code Hamiltonian along the defect. Here we introduce an exactly solvable model which achieves the local $e$-$m$ exchange without any modification to the lattice in the form of dislocations. However the Hamiltonian is still changed locally in what we call defect sites.These induce the permutation...

  1. Partial Realization in Dynamic Justification Logic Samuel Bucheli , Roman Kuznets , and Thomas Studer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jäger, Gerhard

    Partial Realization in Dynamic Justification Logic Samuel Bucheli , Roman Kuznets , and Thomas, kuznets, tstuder}@iam.unibe.ch Abstract. Justification logic is an epistemic framework that provides a way

  2. Realization of arbitrary discrete unitary transformations using spatial and internal modes of light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhand, Ish

    2015-01-01

    Any lossless transformation on $n_{s}$ spatial and $n_{p}$ internal modes of light can be described by an $n_{s}n_{p}\\times n_{s}n_{p}$ unitary matrix, but no procedure to effect arbitrary $n_{s}n_{p}\\times n_{s}n_{p}$ unitary matrix on the combined spatial and internal modes is known. We devise an algorithm to realize an arbitrary discrete unitary transformation on the combined spatial and internal degrees of freedom of light. Our realization uses beamsplitters and operations on internal modes to effect arbitrary linear transformations. The number of beamsplitters required to realize a unitary transformation is reduced as compared to existing realization by a factor equal to the dimension of the employed internal degree of freedom. Our algorithm thus enables the optical implementation of higher dimensional unitary transformations.

  3. Assessment of Prices of Natural Gas Futures Contracts As A Predictor of Realized Spot Prices, An

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    This article compares realized Henry Hub spot market prices for natural gas during the three most recent winters with futures prices as they evolve from April through the following February, when trading for the March contract ends.

  4. Matrix laminate composites: Realizable approximations for the effective moduli of piezoelectric dispersions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torquato, Salvatore

    Matrix laminate composites: Realizable approximations for the effective moduli of piezoelectric of dispersions called matrix laminates composites that are known to possess extremal elastic and dielectric performance characteristics com- pared to the pure piezoelectric ceramic. Often composites are the only

  5. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    some middle school science classes. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadspbs-wind-power-educators Download What Does the Sun Give Us? (5 Activities) You may have realized...

  6. Cybernetic automata: An approach for the realization of economical cognition for multi-robot systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathai, Nebu John

    2009-05-15

    AUTOMATA: AN APPROACH FOR THE REALIZATION OF ECONOMICAL COGNITION FOR MULTI-ROBOT SYSTEMS A Dissertation by NEBU JOHN MATHAI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2008 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering CYBERNETIC AUTOMATA: AN APPROACH FOR THE REALIZATION OF ECONOMICAL COGNITION FOR MULTI-ROBOT SYSTEMS A Dissertation by NEBU JOHN MATHAI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies...

  7. WRITING EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES FOR AWRITING EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES FOR A COURSECOURSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    for a course, it is a good idea to think broadly. Course-level expected learning outcomes do not need to focus will know). Be sure to include learning outcomes that describe what the student can do and who they are2424 WRITING EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES FOR AWRITING EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES FOR A COURSECOURSE

  8. AN SDP-BASED DIVIDE-AND-CONQUER ALGORITHM FOR LARGE SCALE NOISY ANCHOR-FREE GRAPH REALIZATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuan, Toh Kim

    -HANG Z. LEUNG AND KIM-CHUAN TOH Abstract. We propose the DISCO algorithm for graph realization in Rd

  9. Report of the survey realized at the TIARA workshop on RF power generation, Uppsala, 17-19 June 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanguy, C.

    2013-01-01

    Report of the survey realized at the TIARA workshop on RF power generation, Uppsala, 17-19 June 2013

  10. Energy and Depletable Resources: Economics and Policy, 1973-98 (Revised)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolstad, Charles D.

    1998-01-01

    that anyone involved in energy policy realizes contribute toJorgenson, Dale W. , “ Energy Policy And Economic Growth,and Jorgenson (1974), “ Energy Policy and Economic Growth,

  11. Community based outreach strategies in residential energy upgrade programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEwen, Brendan (Brendan Carl Francis)

    2012-01-01

    Home energy upgrades can reduce residential energy consumption and improve indoor conditions, thereby realizing environmental, economic, health and other social benefits. Utilities, government and other actors have established ...

  12. EE/RE Legislative Outcomes from 82nd Texas Legislature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zerrenner, K. R.

    2011-01-01

    Outcomes from 82nd Texas Legislature Kate Robertson Zerrenner Environmental Defense Fund High Performance State Buildings Design HB 51 ? agencies and public higher education will design and renovate buildings to meet high energy...-performance standards. ? The bill establishes high-performance sustainable-design standards for the construction or renovation of state buildings, including those of institutions of higher education. ? SECO is responsible for setting, with the assistance...

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    affect the outcome of their experiment. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsgreen-fuel Download Research Projects in Renewable Energy for High School Students This...

  14. A gradient system on the quantum information space that realizes the Karmarkar flow for linear programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshio Uwano; Hiromi Yuya

    2008-07-25

    In the paper of Uwano [Czech. J. of Phys., vol.56, pp.1311-1316 (2006)], a gradient system is found on the space of density matrices endowed with the quantum SLD Fisher metric (to be referred to as the quantum information space) that realizes a generalization of a gradient system on the space of multinomial distributions studied by Nakamura [Japan J. Indust. Appl. Math., vol.10, pp.179-189 (1993)]. On motived by those papers, the present paper aims to construct a gradient system on the quantum information space that realizes the Karmarkar flow, the continuous limit of the Karmarkar projective scaling algorithm for linear programming.

  15. Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen P.

    2008-01-01

    Office of Codes and Standards, Technical Support Document:Office of Codes and Standards, Technical Support Document:Office of Codes and Standards, Technical Support Document

  16. A Universal Level Converter Towards the Realization of Energy Efficient Implantable Drug Delivery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanty, Saraju P.

    with dual- VT h technique. The robustness of the design is tested by car- rying out three types of analysis, namely: parametric, load and power. It is observed that the ULC produces a stable output for voltages as low as 0.35V and loads varying from 50fF to 120fF. The average power dissipation of the proposed level

  17. Is a Machine Realization of Truly Human-Like Intelligence Achievable?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClelland, James L. "Jay"

    Is a Machine Realization of Truly Human-Like Intelligence Achievable? James L. McClelland Published a century of research on machine intelligence, humans remain far better than our strongest computing machines at a wide range of natural cognitive tasks, such as object recognition, lan- guage comprehension

  18. Control Realization for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) in Automotive Drive Trains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé, Reinhold

    Control Realization for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) in Automotive Drive, the Maximal Torque Per Current (MTPC) method provides appropriate results. The requested torque is generated higher drive efficiency. The requested torque is generated with a minimum of total losses, which

  19. Realization of the Sensor Web Concept for Earth Science using Mobile Robotic Platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egerstedt, Magnus

    resolution models that are needed for expanding our understanding of Earth system change. These observations1 Realization of the Sensor Web Concept for Earth Science using Mobile Robotic Platforms Ayanna M the construction of a new system of in-situ science observations that requires higher spatial and temporal

  20. LMS Algorithm: MotivationLMS Algorithm: Motivation Only a single realization of observations available.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santhanam, Balu

    LMS Algorithm: MotivationLMS Algorithm: Motivation Only a single realization of observations : delay in tap-weight adjustment. Simplicity: real-time applications possible. LMS AlgorithmLMS Algorithm Use instantaneous estimates for statistics: Filter output: Estimation error: Tap-weight update: LMS

  1. Stimuli-Responsive Smart Gels Realized via Modular Protein Design Tijana Z. Grove,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regan, Lynne

    Stimuli-Responsive Smart Gels Realized via Modular Protein Design Tijana Z. Grove, Chinedum O 26, 2010; E-mail: lynne.regan@yale.edu Abstract: Smart gels have a variety of applications, including that permits the creation of protein-based smart gels with encoded morphology, functionality

  2. A Term Logic for Physically Realizable Models of Information Steven Lindell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindell, Steven

    theory of computing based on ordinary informational analysis". (Here, the term `physiological' is being, and hardware, material objects governed by physical law. The fundamental mathematical theory behind software1 A Term Logic for Physically Realizable Models of Information Steven Lindell Department

  3. A general approach to physical realization of unambiguous quantum-state discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bing He; János A. Bergou

    2006-07-05

    We present a general scheme to realize the POVMs for the unambiguous discrimination of quantum states. For any set of pure states it enables us to set up a feasible linear optical circuit to perform their optimal discrimination, if they are prepared as single-photon states. An example of unknown states discrimination is discussed as the illustration of the general scheme.

  4. A practical approach towards a distributed and flexible realization of policies using intelligent agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : mountzia@informatik.tu-muenchen.de Philip Steenekamp, Telkom SA Limited, Pretoria, South Africa, Phone: +27 the level of abstraction for network, system, and application managers. Based on an architecture to realize architecture to support the application of policies, it is obviously necessary to make use of existing

  5. A practical approach towards a distributed and flexible realization of policies using intelligent agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : mountzia@informatik.tu­muenchen.de Philip Steenekamp, Telkom SA Limited, Pretoria, South Africa, Phone: +27 the level of abstraction for network, system, and application managers. Based on an architecture to realize architecture to support the application of policies, it is obviously necessary to make use of existing

  6. Remote Food Shopping Robot System in a Supermarket Realization of the shopping task from remote places

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohya, Akihisa

    Remote Food Shopping Robot System in a Supermarket ­Realization of the shopping task from remote and usage in human daily life. The specific task we set up in this research is to help people buy fresh food range finder, and the communication interface. With this system, the selection of the food item

  7. Towards the Realization of a Public Health Model for Shared Secure Cyber-Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Towards the Realization of a Public Health Model for Shared Secure Cyber-Space Jeff Rowe UC Davis mahogarth@ucdavis.edu ABSTRACT It has been a longstanding goal of the cyber-security community to improve susceptibility to attack; we refer to this as improving the public cyber-security. Traditionally, computer

  8. Origami-like Folded MEMS for Realization of TIMU: Fabrication Technology and Initial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhongping

    single-axis sensors and then folding them into a 3-D Fig. 1. Commercial MEMS IMUs Performance Fig. 2 for assembly of the integrated MEMS sensor cluster in a 3-D configuration, or folding in a 3-D shape. FoldedOrigami-like Folded MEMS for Realization of TIMU: Fabrication Technology and Initial Demonstration

  9. Numerical Simulation and Multiple Realizations for Sensitivity Study of Shale Gas Reservoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    SPE 141058 Numerical Simulation and Multiple Realizations for Sensitivity Study of Shale Gas. The abstract must contain conspicuous acknowledgment of SPE copyright. Abstract Shale gas in the United States the largest conventional gas accumulations in the world. Shale gas success is directly the result

  10. Truthing the stretch: Non-perturbative cosmological realizations with multiscale spherical collapse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neyrinck, Mark C

    2015-01-01

    Here we present a simple, parameter-free, non-perturbative algorithm that gives low-redshift cosmological particle realizations accurate to few-Megaparsec scales, called muscle (MUltiscale Spherical ColLapse Evolution). It has virtually the same cost as producing N-body-simulation initial conditions, since it works with the 'stretch' parameter {\\psi}, the Lagrangian divergence of the displacement field. It promises to be useful in quickly producing mock catalogs, and to simplify computationally intensive reconstructions of galaxy surveys. muscle applies a spherical-collapse prescription on multiple Gaussian-smoothed scales. It achieves higher accuracy than perturbative schemes (Zel'dovich and 2LPT), and, by including the void-in-cloud process (voids in large-scale collapsing regions), solves problems with a single-scale spherical-collapse scheme. Additionally, we show the behavior of {\\psi} for different morphologies (voids, walls, filaments, and haloes). A Python code to produce these realizations is availab...

  11. K-quantum nonlinear coherent states: formulation, realization and nonclassical effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen Ba An

    2001-03-15

    We introduce a generalized class of states called K-quantum nonlinear coherent states. Each K-state has K j-components corresponding to one and the same eigenvalue. Each Kj-component can be composed of K K=1-states in a correlated manner. The introduced states are shown to be realized in the long-term behavior of the vibrational motion of an ion properly trapped and laser-driven. Nonclassical properties of the states are studied in detail.

  12. Realization of the Dicke model using cavity-assisted Raman transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus P. Baden; Kyle J. Arnold; Arne L. Grimsmo; Scott Parkins; Murray D. Barrett

    2014-07-11

    We realize an open version of the Dicke model by coupling two hyperfine ground states using two cavity-assisted Raman transitions. The interaction due to only one of the couplings is described by the Tavis-Cummings model and we observe a normal mode splitting in the transmission around the dispersively shifted cavity. With both couplings present the dynamics are described by the Dicke model and we measure the onset of superradiant scattering into the cavity above a critical coupling strength.

  13. Advanced product realization through model-based design and virtual prototyping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andreas, R.D.

    1995-03-01

    Several government agencies and industrial sectors have recognized the need for, and payoff of, investing in the methodologies and associated technologies for improving the product realization process. Within the defense community as well as commercial industry, there are three major needs. First, they must reduce the cost of military products, of related manufacturing processes, and of the enterprises that have to be maintained. Second, they must reduce the time required to realize products while still applying the latest technologies. Finally, they must improve the predictability of process attributes, product performance, cost, schedule and quality. They must continue to advance technology, quickly incorporate their innovations in new products and in processes to produce them, and they need to capitalize on the raw computational power and communications bandwidth that continues to become available at decreasing cost. Sandia National Laboratories initiative is pursuing several interrelated, key concepts and technologies in order to enable such product realization process improvements: model-based design; intelligent manufacturing processes; rapid virtual and physical prototyping; and agile people/enterprises. While progress in each of these areas is necessary, this paper only addresses a portion of the overall initiative. First a vision of a desired future capability in model-based design and virtual prototyping is presented. This is followed by a discussion of two specific activities parametric design analysis of Synthetic Aperture Radars (SARs) and virtual prototyping of miniaturized high-density electronics -- that exemplify the vision as well as provide a status report on relevant work in progress.

  14. Targeted Energy Efficiency Expert Evaluation Report: Neal Smith Federal Building, Des Moines, IA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez, Nicholas; Goddard, James K.; Underhill, Ronald M.; Gowri, Krishnan

    2013-03-01

    This report summarizes the energy efficiency measures identified and implemented, and an analysis of the energy savings realized using low-cost/no-cost control system measures identified.

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Xcel Energy- Renewable Development Fund Grants The Xcel Energy Renewable Development Fund (RDF) was created in 1999 as an outcome of 1994 Minnesota legislation concerning spent...

  16. Developing Program Learning Outcomes Page 1 DevelopingProgramLearningOutcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    ..." you help ensure that the focus is on student learning and abilities. These are not student learning, 2011, R. W. Larsen Student learning outcomes (SLOs) can be written for a course, a program, or an institution. This document focuses specifically on learning outcomes for programs (e.g., degree programs

  17. Engineering a C-Phase quantum gate: optical design and experimental realization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrea Chiuri; Chiara Greganti; Paolo Mataloni

    2012-04-12

    A two qubit quantum gate, namely the C-Phase, has been realized by exploiting the longitudinal momentum (i.e. the optical path) degree of freedom of a single photon. The experimental setup used to engineer this quantum gate represents an advanced version of the high stability closed-loop interferometric setup adopted to generate and characterize 2-photon 4-qubit Phased Dicke states. Some experimental results, dealing with the characterization of multipartite entanglement of the Phased Dicke states are also discussed in detail.

  18. On possibility of realization of the Mandelbrot set in coupled continuous systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. B. Isaeva; S. P. Kuznetsov

    2005-09-06

    According to the method, suggested in our previous work (nlin/0509012) and based on the consideration of the specially coupled systems, the possibility of physical realization of the phenomena of complex analytic dynamics (such as Mandelbrot and Julia sets) is discussed. It is shown, that unlike the case of discrete maps or differential systems with periodic driving, investigated in mentioned work, there are some difficulties in attempts to obtain the Mandelbrot set for the coupled autonomous continuous systems. A system of coupled autonomous R\\"{o}ssler oscillators is considered as an example.

  19. Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 Winners * Impacts onReal-Time Chemical Imaging of BacterialRealRealization

  20. Realizing non-Abelian gauge potentials in optical square lattices: Application to atomic Chern insulators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Goldman; F. Gerbier; M. Lewenstein

    2013-04-19

    We describe a scheme to engineer non-Abelian gauge potentials on a square optical lattice using laser-induced transitions. We emphasize the case of two-electron atoms, where the electronic ground state g is laser coupled to a metastable state e within a state-dependent optical lattice. In this scheme, the alternating pattern of lattice sites hosting g and e states depict a checkerboard structure, allowing for laser-assisted tunneling along both spatial directions. In this configuration, the nuclear spin of the atoms can be viewed as a "flavor" quantum number undergoing non-Abelian tunneling along nearest-neighbor links. We show that this technique can be useful to simulate the equivalent of the Haldane quantum Hall model using cold atoms trapped in square optical lattices, offering an interesting route to realize Chern insulators. The emblematic Haldane model is particularly suited to investigate the physics of topological insulators, but requires, in its original form, complex hopping terms beyond nearest-neighboring sites. In general, this drawback inhibits a direct realization with cold atoms, using standard laser-induced tunneling techniques. We demonstrate that a simple mapping allows to express this model in terms of matrix hopping operators, that are defined on a standard square lattice. This mapping is investigated for two models that lead to anomalous quantum Hall phases. We discuss the practical implementation of such models, exploiting laser-induced tunneling methods applied to the checkerboard optical lattice.

  1. Condensation of helium in aerogels as an experimental realization of the out-of-equilibrium Random Field Ising Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Condensation of helium in aerogels as an experimental realization of the out-of-equilibrium Random-catalysed silica aerogels of large porosity presents a similar out-of-equilibrium behavior when the temperature

  2. Experimental realization of catalytic CH4 hydroxylation predicted for an iridium NNC pincer complex, demonstrating thermal, protic,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    Experimental realization of catalytic CH4 hydroxylation predicted for an iridium NNC pincer complex; functionalization using NaIO4 and KIO3 gives the oxy-ester. The most efficient methane hydroxylation catalysts

  3. Nuclear Engineering Student Learning Outcome Assessment Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Missouri-Rolla, University of

    1 Nuclear Engineering Student Learning Outcome Assessment Report 1. Program mission The Nuclear and graduate education to tomorrow's leaders in nuclear engineering. The program provides well-educated nuclear engineering professionals and leaders to Missouri and the nation in the commercial nuclear industry, national

  4. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    affect the outcome of their experiment. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsgreen-fuel Download What's Cooking Students in small groups conduct an investigation into...

  5. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the outcome of their experiment. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsgreen-fuel Download 'Nano'tubes, Surface Area & NanoSolar Cells This unit takes students through...

  6. Energy Services for State Properties - German Experiences 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eikmeier, B.

    2008-01-01

    In 2002 the pilot project, Contracting Campaign for State Properties,has been initiated, the realization is assigned to the German Energy Agency (dena). An evaluation of this Project was made by the Bremer Energy Institute in 2007. Until 31...

  7. High-efficiency graphene nanomesh magnets realized by controlling mono-hydrogenation of pore edges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kato, T.; Kamijyo, J.; Kobayashi, T.; Yagi, Y.; Haruyama, J.; Nakamura, T.

    2014-06-23

    We demonstrate a drastic improvement in the efficiency of rare-element-free graphene nanomesh (GNM) magnets with saturation magnetization values as large as ?10{sup ?4?}emu/mm{sup 2}, which are 10–100 times greater than those in previous GNM magnets hydrogenated by only annealing under a hydrogen molecule (H{sub 2}) atmosphere, even at room temperature. This improvement is realized by a significant increase in the area of the mono-H-terminated pore edges by using hydrogen silsesquioxane resist treatment with electron beam irradiation, which can produce mono-H by detaching H-silicon (Si) bonds. This result must open the door for industrial applications of graphene magnets to rare-element-free magnetic and spintronic systems.

  8. Freezing a Quantum Magnet by Repeated Quantum Interference: An Experimental Realization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swathi S. Hegde; Hemant Katiyar; T. S. Mahesh; Arnab Das

    2014-12-11

    We experimentally demonstrate the phenomenon of dynamical many-body freezing in a periodically driven Ising chain. Theoretically [Phys. Rev. B 82, 172402 (2010)], for certain values of the drive parameters all fundamental degrees of freedom contributing to the response dynamics freeze for all time and for arbitrary initial states. Also, since the condition of freezing involves only the drive parameters and not on the quantization of the momentum (i.e., the system-size), our simulation with a small (3-spin) chain captures all salient features of the freezing phenomenon predicted for the infinite chain. Using optimal control techniques, we realize high-fidelity cosine modulated drive, and observe non-monotonic freezing of magnetization at specific frequencies of modulation. Time-evolution of the excitations in momentum space has been tracked directly through magnetization measurements.

  9. Transportation of Static Magnetic Fields by a practically realizable Magnetic Hose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, P -B; Liu, H; Li, X -T; Zhang, H; Yang, C; Ye, C -Q

    2015-01-01

    A practically realizable magnetic hose, constructed by wrapping a ferromagnetic cylinder with alternate superconductor-ferromagnet heterostructure, was developed and its capability to transfer the static magnetic fields, e.g., generated by an Nd-Fe-B magnet, was examined in this letter. A diverse dependence of the transfer efficiency on the diameter of the inner cylinder was found in the magnetic hose demonstrators and the underlying cause was clarified by the finite-element simulations. Transfer efficiency of over 50% in terms of a moderate field has been achieved in the best demonstrator of this study, even with a thin sheet merely having moderate magnetism to embody the ferromagnet in the heterostructure. This work links the theoretically derived model with a physical reality and may also conceive fantastic solutions to form a magnetic circuit with minimum leakage or to create a magnetically shielded space, both of which are deemed promising in most electromagnetic devices.

  10. Realization of tunable spin-dependent splitting in intrinsic photonic spin Hall effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ling, Xiaohui [SZU-NUS Collaborative Innovation Center for Optoelectronic Science and Technology, and Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060 (China); Laboratory for spin photonics, College of Physics and Microelectronic Science, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Department of Physics and Electronic Information Science, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421002 (China); Yi, Xunong [SZU-NUS Collaborative Innovation Center for Optoelectronic Science and Technology, and Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060 (China); Zhou, Xinxing; Liu, Yachao; Shu, Weixing; Wen, Shuangchun [Laboratory for spin photonics, College of Physics and Microelectronic Science, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Luo, Hailu, E-mail: hailuluo@hnu.edu.cn [SZU-NUS Collaborative Innovation Center for Optoelectronic Science and Technology, and Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060 (China); Laboratory for spin photonics, College of Physics and Microelectronic Science, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China)

    2014-10-13

    We report the realization of tunable spin-dependent splitting in intrinsic photonic spin Hall effect. By breaking the rotational symmetry of a cylindrical vector beam, the intrinsic vortex phases that the two spin components of the vector beam carries, which is similar to the geometric Pancharatnam-Berry phase, are no longer continuous in the azimuthal direction, and leads to observation of spin accumulation at the opposite edge of the beam. Due to the inherent nature of the phase and independency of light-matter interaction, the observed photonic spin Hall effect is intrinsic. Modulating the topological charge of the vector beam, the spin-dependent splitting can be enhanced and the direction of spin accumulation is switchable. Our findings may provide a possible route for generation and manipulation of spin-polarized photons, and enables spin-based photonics applications.

  11. Realizing three-dimensional artificial spin ice by stacking planar nano-arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chern, Gia-Wei; Reichhardt, Charles; Nisoli, Cristiano

    2014-01-06

    Artificial spin ice is a frustrated magnetic two-dimensional nano-material, recently employed to study variety of tailor-designed unusual collective behaviours. Recently proposed extensions to three dimensions are based on self-assembly techniques and allow little control over geometry and disorder. We present a viable design for the realization of a three-dimensional artificial spin ice with the same level of precision and control allowed by lithographic nano-fabrication of the popular two-dimensional case. Our geometry is based on layering already available two-dimensional artificial spin ice and leads to an arrangement of ice-rule-frustrated units, which is topologically equivalent to that of the tetrahedra in a pyrochlore lattice. Consequently, we show, it exhibits a genuine ice phase and its excitations are, as in natural spin ice materials, magnetic monopoles interacting via Coulomb law.

  12. Stability of the Zagreb realization of the Carnegie-Mellon-Berkeley coupled-channels unitary model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osmanovic, H.; Hadzimehmedovic, M.; Stahov, J.; Ceci, S.; Svarc, A.

    2011-09-15

    In Hadzimehmedovicet al.[Phys. Rev. C 84, 035204 (2011)] we have used the Zagreb realization of Carnegie-Melon-Berkeley coupled-channel, unitary model as a tool for extracting pole positions from the world collection of partial-wave data, with the aim of eliminating model dependence in pole-search procedures. In order that the method is sensible, we in this paper discuss the stability of the method with respect to the strong variation of different model ingredients. We show that the Zagreb CMB procedure is very stable with strong variation of the model assumptions and that it can reliably predict the pole positions of the fitted partial-wave amplitudes.

  13. Energy-based Rate Adaptation for 802.11n Chunyi Peng1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihada, Basem

    . Marginal throughput gain may be realized at high energy cost. We propose EERA, an energy-based RA solution obtain high goodput at whatever energy cost. Marginal goodput gain is realized by pow- ering on moreEnergy-based Rate Adaptation for 802.11n Chi-Yu Li1 Chunyi Peng1 Songwu Lu1 Xinbing Wang2 1

  14. U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and Loss: The Big Picture 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brueske, S.; Sabouni, R.

    2014-01-01

    A first step in realizing industrial energy efficiency opportunities is to understand how industry is using, and losing, energy. The U.S. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints provide a reliable macro-scale reference for manufacturing energy...

  15. Evaluating Realized Impacts of DOE/EERE R&D Programs: EERE Standard Method

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document (referred to as the "Guide") provides guidance for evaluators who conduct impact assessments of research and development (R&D) programs for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). It is also targeted at EERE program staff responsible for initiating and managing commissioned impact studies. The Guide specifies how to estimate economic benefits and costs, energy saved and installed or generated, environmental impacts, energy security impacts, and knowledge impacts of R&D investments in advanced energy technologies.

  16. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Solar Energy Efficiency Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 1 of 1 result. Download What Does the Sun Give Us? (5 Activities) You may have realized...

  17. SEARCHING FOR THE HOLY GRAIL OF LEARNING OUTCOMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglass, John A

    2012-01-01

    Paper * SEARCHING FOR THE HOLY GRAIL OF LEARNING OUTCOMES **The search for the Holy Grail to measure learning gainsTHOMSON and ZHAO: The Holy Grail of Learning Outcomes

  18. Outcomes of the 2013 GTO Workshop on Geothermal Code Comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheibe, Timothy D.; White, Mark D.; White, Signe K.

    2013-03-01

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is supporting the Department of Energy (DOE) Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) in organizing and executing a model comparison activity. This project is directed at testing, diagnosing differences, and demonstrating modeling capabilities of a worldwide collection of numerical simulators for evaluating geothermal technologies. A key element of the projct was the planning and implementation of a one-day project kickoff workshop, held February 14, 2013 in Palo Alto, CA. The primary goals of the workshop were to 1) introduce the project and its objectives to potential participating team members, and 2) develop an initial set of test problem descriptions for use in the execution stage. This report summarizes the outcomes of the workshop.

  19. SU-E-T-279: Realization of Three-Dimensional Conformal Dose Planning in Prostate Brachytherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Z; Jiang, S; Yang, Z; Bai, H; Zhang, X

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Successful clinical treatment in prostate brachytherapy is largely dependent on the effectiveness of pre-surgery dose planning. Conventional dose planning method could hardly arrive at a satisfy result. In this abstract, a three-dimensional conformal localized dose planning method is put forward to ensure the accuracy and effectiveness of pre-implantation dose planning. Methods: Using Monte Carlo method, the pre-calculated 3-D dose map for single source is obtained. As for multiple seeds dose distribution, the maps are combined linearly to acquire the 3-D distribution. The 3-D dose distribution is exhibited in the form of isodose surface together with reconstructed 3-D organs group real-timely. Then it is possible to observe the dose exposure to target volume and normal tissues intuitively, thus achieving maximum dose irradiation to treatment target and minimum healthy tissues damage. In addition, the exfoliation display of different isodose surfaces can be realized applying multi-values contour extraction algorithm based on voxels. The needles could be displayed in the system by tracking the position of the implanted seeds in real time to conduct block research in optimizing insertion trajectory. Results: This study extends dose planning from two-dimensional to three-dimensional, realizing the three-dimensional conformal irradiation, which could eliminate the limitations of 2-D images and two-dimensional dose planning. A software platform is developed using VC++ and Visualization Toolkit (VTK) to perform dose planning. The 3-D model reconstruction time is within three seconds (on a Intel Core i5 PC). Block research could be conducted to avoid inaccurate insertion into sensitive organs or internal obstructions. Experiments on eight prostate cancer cases prove that this study could make the dose planning results more reasonable. Conclusion: The three-dimensional conformal dose planning method could improve the rationality of dose planning by safely reducing the large target margin and avoiding dose dead zones for prostate cancer treatment. 1) National Natural Science Foundation of People's Republic of China (No. 51175373); 2) New Century Educational Talents Plan of Chinese Education Ministry (NCET-10-0625); 3) Scientific and Technological Major Project, Tianjin (No. 12ZCDZSY10600)

  20. Snowmass Outcomes Gerald Navratil (Columbia University)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ? To what degree will the solutions further the development of fusion energy in magnetic confinement systems energy sciences program in both Magnetic Fusion Energy (MFE) and Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE;Background · The 2002 Fusion Summer Study carried out a critical assessment of major next-steps in the fusion

  1. The mechanism and realization of a band-agile coaxial relativistic backward-wave oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ge, Xingjun; Zhang, Jun; Zhong, Huihuang; Qian, Baoliang; Wang, Haitao [College of Optoelectronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

    2014-11-03

    The mechanism and realization of a band-agile coaxial relativistic backward-wave oscillator (RBWO) are presented. The operation frequency tuning can be easily achieved by merely altering the inner-conductor length. The key effects of the inner-conductor length contributing to the mechanical frequency tunability are investigated theoretically and experimentally. There is a specific inner-conductor length where the operation frequency can jump from one mode to another mode, which belongs to a different operation band. In addition, the operation frequency is tunable within each operation band. During simulation, the L-band microwave with a frequency of 1.61 GHz is radiated when the inner-conductor length is 39?cm. Meanwhile, the S-band microwave with a frequency of 2.32 GHz is radiated when the inner-conductor length is 5?cm. The frequency adjustment bandwidths of L-band and S-band are about 8.5% and 2%, respectively. Moreover, the online mechanical tunability process is described in detail. In the initial experiment, the generated microwave frequencies remain approximately 1.59 GHz and 2.35?GHz when the inner-conductor lengths are 39?cm and 5?cm. In brief, this technical route of the band-agile coaxial RBWO is feasible and provides a guide to design other types of band-agile high power microwaves sources.

  2. Epidemic Percolation Networks, Epidemic Outcomes, and Interventions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kenah, Eben; Miller, Joel C.

    2011-01-01

    Epidemic percolation networks (EPNs) are directed random networks that can be used to analyze stochastic “Susceptible-Infectious-Removed” (SIR) and “Susceptible-Exposed-Infectious-Removed” (SEIR) epidemic models, unifying and generalizing previous uses of networks and branching processes to analyze mass-action and network-based S(E)IR models. This paper explains the fundamental concepts underlying the definition and use of EPNs, using them to build intuition about the final outcomes of epidemics. We then show how EPNs provide a novel and useful perspective on the design of vaccination strategies.

  3. Neighborhood design and the energy efficiency of urban lifestyle in China : treating residence and mobility as lifestyle bundle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yang, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning

    2012-01-01

    China and the rest of the world are facing the challenge of meeting energy demand sustainably. Household-level energy consumption is a large ultimate driving force of a nation's energy use. Realizing a sustainable energy ...

  4. Realization of a four-step molecular switch in scanning tunneling microscope manipulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hla, Saw-Wai

    world, plant molecules like chlorophyll-a are given special interest in the quest for green energy that all reversible switching mechanisms are initiated by a single tunneling-electron energy-a. Chlorophyll-a induces green color in plant leaves and is a key ingredient in photosynthesis, one of the most

  5. Requirements for Smart Home Applications and Realization with WS4D-PipesBox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Energy saving applications, for example, control indoor climate and electricity usage by employing windows, or stop warm water circulation. In addition to smart energy usage, ap- plications from domains Stuttgart, Germany {christian.beckel, fixed-term.heinz.serfas} @de.bosch.com Elmar Zeeb, Guido Moritz, Frank

  6. EnergySmart Schools National Financing Roundtable II - Key Outcomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-12-01

    This document summarizes the discussion at the Financing Roundtable. It provides an overview of the financing opportunities, challenges, and activities involved in achieving high performance schools, as identified by the participants.

  7. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 5, NO. 4, JULY 2014 1621 Realizing Unified Microgrid Voltage Profile and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Zhihua

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 5, NO. 4, JULY 2014 1621 Realizing Unified Microgrid Voltage the information received locally from the neighboring nodes in the microgrid, and the critical nodes without DG the microgrid to have a unified voltage profile, and incorporating the subgradient method facilitates its

  8. For realizing a robot working in human society, interaction with humans is the key issue. We have

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanda, Takayuki

    Abstract For realizing a robot working in human society, interaction with humans is the key issue. We have developed a robot that interacts with humans based on visual recognition. This robot has two and a binocular stereo vision system. The binocular vision system indicates what the robot is looking

  9. Pharmacotherapy Outcomes Research Fellowship The Pharmacotherapy Outcomes Research Center (PORC) based at the University of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in a pharmaceutical company, academic institution, managed care organization or healthcare facility. The fellow and management, development of data and statistical analysis plans, data analysis, project management.D. in Pharmaceutical Economics, Outcomes Research and Policy from the University of Arizona, and a M

  10. Reduce Overhead, Implement Energy Efficiency in Water/Wastewater 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantwell, J. C.

    2007-01-01

    Through the Focus on Energy program in the State of Wisconsin we have been able to identify savings for industries in their water/wastewater treatment or distribution systems. Modifications required to realize savings resulted in reduced energy...

  11. Realizing thin electromagnetic absorbers for wide incidence angles from commercially available planar circuit materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glover, Brian B; Whites, Kieth W; Radway, Matthew J

    2009-01-01

    In this study, recent work on engineering R-card surface resistivity with printed metallic patterns is extended to the design of thin electromagnetic absorbers. Thin electromagnetic absorbers for wide incidence angles and both polarizations have recently been computationally verified by Luukkonen et al.. These absorbers are analytically modeled high-impedance surfaces with capacitive arrays of square patches implemented with relatively high dielectric constant and high loss substrate. However, the advantages provided by the accurate analytical model are largely negated by the need to obtain high dielectric constant material with accurately engineered loss. Fig. I(c) illustrates full-wave computational results for an absorber without vias engineered as proposed by Luukkonen et al.. Unique values for the dielectric loss are required for different center frequencies. Parameters for the capacitive grid are D=5.0 mm and w=O.l mm for a center frequency of 3.36 GHz. The relative permittivity and thickness is 9.20(1-j0.234) and 1=3.048 mm. Consider a center frequency of5.81 GHz and again 1=3.048 mm, the required parameters for the capacitive grid are D=2.0 mm and w=0.2 mm where the required relative permittivity is now 9.20(1-j0.371) Admittedly, engineered dielectrics are themselves a historically interesting and fruitful research area which benefits today from advances in monolithic fabrication using direct-write of dielectrics with nanometer scale inclusions. However, our objective in the present study is to realize the advantages of the absorber proposed by Luukkonen et al. without resort to engineered lossy dielectrics. Specifically we are restricted to commercially available planer circuit materials without use of in-house direct-write technology or materials engineering capability. The materials considered here are TMM 10 laminate with (35 {mu}lm copper cladding with a complex permittivity 9.20-j0.0022) and Ohmegaply resistor conductor material (maximum 250 {Omega}/sq.). A thin electromagnetic absorber for incidence angles greater than 30deg. but less than 60deg. and both polarizations is computationally demonstrated. This absorber utilizes high-permittivity, low-loss microwave substrate in conjunction with an engineered lossy sheet impedance. The lossy sheet impedance is easily engineered with simple analytical approximations and can be manufactured from commercially available laminate materials on microwave substrate.

  12. IEECB'08 Paper n57 Can energy savings from operations promoting energy efficient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 IEECB'08 Paper n°57 Can energy savings from operations promoting energy efficient behaviors. But cost-effective energy savings can also be achieved in a complementary way by an improved energy that if awareness operations were widely disseminated, a significant amount of energy savings could be realized

  13. Montana Tribes Realize Long-Held Vision of Acquiring Kerr Dam: Interview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergy Managing SwimmingMicrosoft Word1 2 - 2EnergyResidential Savingswith

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL, VOL. 60, NO. 1, JANUARY 2015 19 Resource Allocation: Realizing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Veciana, Gustavo

    - ing channel capacities, and also motivated the development of distributed mechanisms to maximize network utility in di- verse settings including communication networks and the smart grid, while incorporating new relevant constraints, on energy, power, storage, power control, stability, etc. (for, e

  15. Progress on the realization of a new GEM based neutron diagnostic concept for high flux neutron beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croci, G.; Tardocchi, M. [Istituto di Fisica del Plasma, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA-CNR, Milano, Italy and INFN, Sez. di Milano-Bicocca, Milano (Italy); Rebai, M.; Cippo, E. Perelli; Gorini, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy and INFN, Sez. di Milano-Bicocca, Milano (Italy); Cazzaniga, C. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Milano (Italy); Palma, M. Dalla; Pasqualotto, R.; Tollin, M. [Consorzio RFX - Associazione Euratom-Enea sulla Fusione, Padova (Italy); Grosso, G.; Muraro, A. [Istituto di Fisica del Plasma, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA-CNR, Milano (Italy); Murtas, F.; Claps, G. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati (Roma) (Italy); Cavenago, M. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro (Padova) (Italy)

    2014-08-21

    Fusion reactors will need high flux neutron detectors to diagnose the deuterium-deuterium and deuterium-tritium. A candidate detection technique is the Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM). New GEM based detectors are being developed for application to a neutral deuterium beam test facility. The proposed detection system is called Close-contact Neutron Emission Surface Mapping (CNESM). The diagnostic aims at providing the map of the neutron emission due to interaction of the deuterium beam with the deuterons implanted in the beam dump surface. This is done by placing a detector in close contact, right behind the dump. CNESM uses nGEM detectors, i.e. GEM detectors equipped with a cathode that also serves as neutron-proton converter foil. After the realization and test of several small area prototypes, a full size prototype has been realized and tested with laboratory sources. Test on neutron beams are foreseen for the next months.

  16. Superconductors with Topological Order and their Realization in Josephson Junction Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. C. Diamantini; P. Sodano; C. A. Trugenberger

    2007-03-15

    We will describe a new superconductivity mechanism, proposed by the authors in [1], which is based on a topologically ordered ground state rather than on the usual Landau mechanism of spontaneous symmetry breaking. Contrary to anyon superconductivity it works in any dimension and it preserves P-and T-invariance. In particular we will discuss the low-energy effective field theory, what would be the Landau-Ginzburg formulation for conventional superconductors.

  17. Guide for Conducting Benefit-Cost Evaluation of Realized Impacts of Public

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancing Programs | Department of Energyof

  18. Motor signs predict poor outcomes in Alzheimer disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CME Motor signs predict poor outcomes in Alzheimer disease N. Scarmeas, MD; M. Albert, PhD; J--Objective: To examine whether the presence of motor signs has predictive value for important outcomes in Alzheimer months for a total of 3,149 visit-assessments, average 5.9 per patient), the presence of motor signs

  19. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering CHEN 3600 Spring 2010 Course Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashurst, W. Robert

    Computer Aided Chemical Engineering CHEN 3600 Spring 2010 Course Outcomes Course outcomes define subject material essential to the course is covered as well as detailing the degree of mastery expected functions (basic math, advanced math, logical, text, time/date, random number generation) to solve general

  20. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering CHEN 3600 Course Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashurst, W. Robert

    and general engineering problems. 7. Employ basic programming concepts including programming structuresComputer Aided Chemical Engineering CHEN 3600 Course Outcomes Course outcomes define the desired subject material essential to the course is covered as well as detailing the degree of mastery expected

  1. An Axiomatic Characterization of Continuous-Outcome Market Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    carbon dioxide emission level to hurricane landing location, are naturally perceived as continuous random-outcome events resulted in mechanisms with undesirable properties. In this pa- per, we take an axiomatic approach properties simultaneously. We define a general class of continuous-outcome market makers, which allows

  2. An Axiomatic Characterization of Continuous-Outcome Market Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    . Many events of interests, from carbon dioxide emission level to hurricane landing location-outcome events resulted in mechanisms with undesirable properties. In this pa- per, we take an axiomatic approach properties simultaneously. We define a general class of continuous-outcome market makers, which allows

  3. CLIMATE POLICY OUTCOMES IN GERMANY Environmental Performance and Environmental Damage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    CLIMATE POLICY OUTCOMES IN GERMANY Environmental Performance and Environmental Damage in Eleven and is exceeding its ambitious Kyoto commitment. Hence, it is commonly portrayed as a climate-policy success story. Third, researchers on climate policies should more often begin with outcomes, work backward to policies

  4. Outcome Modeling Using Clinical DVH Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, JJ

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To quantify the ability of correlation and regression analysis to extract the normal lung dose-response function from dose volume histogram (DVH) data. Methods: A local injury model is adopted, in which radiation-induced damage (functional loss) G is the integral of the DVH with function R(D). RP risk is H(G) where H() is the sigmoid cumulative distribution of functional reserve. RP incidence is a Bernoulli function of risk. A homogeneous patient cohort is assumed, allowing non-dose-related factors to be ignored. Clinically realistic DVHs are combined with the injury model to simulate RP data. Results: Correlation analysis is often used to identify predictor variables that are correlated with outcome, for inclusion in a predictive model. In the local injury model, all DVH metrics VD contribute to damage. Correlation analysis therefore has limited value. The subset of VD significantly correlated with incidence varies randomly from trial to trial due to random variations in the DVH set, and does not ne...

  5. Experimental Realization of a Three-Dimensional Topological Insulator, Bi 2Te3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siemons, W.

    2010-02-24

    Three-dimensional topological insulators are a new state of quantum matter with a bulk gap and odd number of relativistic Dirac fermions on the surface. By investigating the surface state of Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} with angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we demonstrate that the surface state consists of a single nondegenerate Dirac cone. Furthermore, with appropriate hole doping, the Fermi level can be tuned to intersect only the surface states, indicating a full energy gap for the bulk states. Our results establish that Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} is a simple model system for the three-dimensional topological insulator with a single Dirac cone on the surface. The large bulk gap of Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} also points to promising potential for high-temperature spintronics applications.

  6. Abrahamse, W., L. Steg, et al. (2005). "A review of intervention studies aimed at household energy conservation." Journal of Environmental Psychology 25(3): 273-291.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-01-01

    . Frostell (2007). "Social sustainability and social acceptance in technology assessment: A case study of institutional and social conditions in realizing wind power projects." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

  7. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brueske, S.; Lorenz, T.

    2012-01-01

    Significant opportunities exist for improving energy efficiency in U.S. manufacturing. A first step in realizing these opportunities is to identify how industry is using energy. Where does it come from? What form is it in? Where is it used? How much...

  8. Realizing all $so(N)_1$ quantum criticalities in symmetry protected cluster models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ville Lahtinen; Eddy Ardonne

    2015-08-28

    We show that all $so(N)_1$ universality class quantum criticalities emerge when one-dimensional generalized cluster models are perturbed with Ising or Zeeman terms. Each critical point is described by a low-energy theory of $N$ linearly dispersing fermions, whose spectrum we show to precisely match the prediction by $so(N)_1$ conformal field theory. Furthermore, by an explicit construction we show that all the cluster models are dual to non-locally coupled transverse field Ising chains, with the universality of the $so(N)_1$ criticality manifesting itself as $N$ of these chains becoming critical. This duality also reveals that the symmetry protection of cluster models arises from the underlying Ising symmetries and it enables the identification of local representations for the primary fields of the $so(N)_1$ conformal field theories. For the simplest and experimentally most realistic case that corresponds to the original one-dimensional cluster model with local three-spin interactions, our results show that the $su(2)_2 \\simeq so(3)_1$ Wess-Zumino-Witten model can emerge in a local, translationally invariant and Jordan-Wigner solvable spin-1/2 model.

  9. Global Explorers: An Examination of Program Processes and Outcomes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duerden, Mathew D.

    2010-01-14

    This study utilizes longitudinal, mixed-method data drawn from participants in an environmental education/international immersion program for middle high-school students to study outcomes and processes associated with ...

  10. Does START triage work? An outcomes assessment after a disaster.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Christopher A; Schultz, Carl H; Miller, Ken T; Anderson, Craig L

    2009-01-01

    Does START Triage Work? An Outcomes Assessment after ato one with a score of 16 (red). Does one require anICU while the other does not? This is akin to the problems

  11. Therapeutic alliance and outcomes in usual care child psychotherapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Accurso, Erin Cecilia; Accurso, Erin Cecilia

    2012-01-01

    properties of the Therapeutic Alliance Scale for Children,M. G. (2006). The working alliance: Where are we and whereRelation of the therapeutic alliance with outcome and other

  12. Forecasting potential project risks through leading indicators to project outcome 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Ji Won

    2007-09-17

    for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2007 Major Subject: Civil Engineering FORECASTING POTENTIAL PROJECT RISKS THROUGH LEADING INDICATORS TO PROJECT OUTCOME A Thesis by JI WON CHOI... Guikema Head of Department, David Rosowsky May 2007 Major Subject: Civil Engineering iii ABSTRACT Forecasting Potential Project Risks through Leading Indicators to Project Outcome. (May 2007) Ji Won Choi, B.S., Han-Yang University...

  13. Development of the NIH Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Gastrointestinal Symptom Scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    FUNCTIONAL GI DISORDERS NIH PROMIS GI Symptom Scalesgroup Development of the NIH Patient-Reported OutcomesInstitutes of Health (NIH) Patient-Reported Outcomes

  14. STGWG Key Outcomes for May 3, 2010

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1 SECTION JSTEM-ing the Tide STEM-ing the TideSTEPS TOKey

  15. Workshop Goals, Objectives, and Desired Outcomes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And Statistics » USAJobs SearchAMERICA'SEnergyofTheDepartment of EnergyNatural Gas and

  16. Does energy follow urban form? : an examination of neighborhoods and transport energy use in Jinan, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Yang, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    This thesis explores the impacts of neighborhood form and location on household transportation energy use in the context of Jinan, China. From a theoretical perspective, energy use is a derived outcome of activities, and ...

  17. Realizing in-plane surface diffraction by x-ray multiple-beam diffraction with large incidence angle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Xian-Rong Gog, Thomas; Assoufid, Lahsen; Peng, Ru-Wen; Siddons, D. P.

    2014-11-03

    Based on rigorous dynamical-theory calculations, we demonstrate the principle of an x-ray multiple-beam diffraction (MBD) scheme that overcomes the long-lasting difficulties of high-resolution in-plane diffraction from crystal surfaces. This scheme only utilizes symmetric reflection geometry with large incident angles but activates the out-of-plane and in-plane diffraction processes simultaneously and separately in the continuous MBD planes. The in-plane diffraction is realized by detoured MBD, where the intermediate diffracted waves propagate parallel to the surface, which corresponds to an absolute Bragg surface diffraction configuration that is extremely sensitive to surface structures. A series of MBD diffraction and imaging techniques may be developed from this principle to study surface/interface (misfit) strains, lateral nanostructures, and phase transitions of a wide range of (pseudo)cubic crystal structures, including ultrathin epitaxial films and multilayers, quantum dots, strain-engineered semiconductor or (multi)ferroic materials, etc.

  18. A Smart Energy System: Distributed Resource Management, Control and Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beigl, Michael

    A Smart Energy System: Distributed Resource Management, Control and Optimization Yong Ding, Student of distributed energy resource and consumption management, which proposes to design a networked and embedded platform for realizing a dynamic energy mix and optimizing the energy consumption dy- namically. Based

  19. Energy Sensing and Monitoring Framework with an Integrated Communication Backbone in Energy Efficient Intelligent Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Raj

    . Building environments are significant sources of global energy consumption. To create energy efficient in the intelligent buildings to realize the goals of coordination, integration, and energy efficiency. Also, we Efficient Intelligent Buildings Jianli Pan1, 3, a , Shanzhi Chen2, b , Raj Jain3, c , Subharthi Paul3, d 1

  20. Impact of the Radiation Boost on Outcomes After Breast-Conserving Surgery and Radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, Colin; Anderson, Penny R.; Li Tianyu; Bleicher, Richard J.; Sigurdson, Elin R.; Goldstein, Lori J.; Swaby, Ramona; Denlinger, Crystal; Dushkin, Holly; Nicolaou, Nicos; Freedman, Gary M.

    2011-09-01

    Purpose: We examined the impact of radiation tumor bed boost parameters in early-stage breast cancer on local control and cosmetic outcomes. Methods and Materials: A total of 3,186 women underwent postlumpectomy whole-breast radiation with a tumor bed boost for Tis to T2 breast cancer from 1970 to 2008. Boost parameters analyzed included size, energy, dose, and technique. Endpoints were local control, cosmesis, and fibrosis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate actuarial incidence, and a Cox proportional hazard model was used to determine independent predictors of outcomes on multivariate analysis (MVA). The median follow-up was 78 months (range, 1-305 months). Results: The crude cosmetic results were excellent in 54%, good in 41%, and fair/poor in 5% of patients. The 10-year estimate of an excellent cosmesis was 66%. On MVA, independent predictors for excellent cosmesis were use of electron boost, lower electron energy, adjuvant systemic therapy, and whole-breast IMRT. Fibrosis was reported in 8.4% of patients. The actuarial incidence of fibrosis was 11% at 5 years and 17% at 10 years. On MVA, independent predictors of fibrosis were larger cup size and higher boost energy. The 10-year actuarial local failure was 6.3%. There was no significant difference in local control by boost method, cut-out size, dose, or energy. Conclusions: Likelihood of excellent cosmesis or fibrosis are associated with boost technique, electron energy, and cup size. However, because of high local control and rare incidence of fair/poor cosmesis with a boost, the anatomy of the patient and tumor cavity should ultimately determine the necessary boost parameters.

  1. Economic Optimal Operation of Community Energy Storage Systems in Competitive Energy Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arghandeh, Reza; Onen, Ahmet; Jung, Jaesung; Broadwater, Robert P

    2014-01-01

    Distributed, controllable energy storage devices offer several significant benefits to electric power system operation. Three such benefits include reducing peak load, providing standby power, and enhancing power quality. These benefits, however, are only realized during peak load or during an outage, events that are infrequent. This paper presents a means of realizing additional benefits by taking advantage of the fluctuating costs of energy in competitive energy markets. An algorithm for optimal charge/discharge scheduling of community energy storage (CES) devices as well as an analysis of several of the key drivers of such optimization are discussed.

  2. Learning Assistant Supported Student Outcomes (LASSO) study initial findings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Dusen, Ben; Otero, Valerie

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates how faculty, student, and course features are linked to student outcomes in Learning Assistant (LA) supported courses. Over 4,500 students and 17 instructors from 13 LA Alliance member institutions participated in the study. Each participating student completed an online concept inventory at the start (pre) and end (post) of their term. The physics concept inventories included Force and Motion Concept Evaluation (FMCE) and the Brief Electricity and Magnetism Assessment (BEMA). Concepts inventories from the fields of biology and chemistry were also included. Our analyses utilize hierarchical linear models that nest student level data (e.g. pre/post scores and gender) within course level data (e.g. discipline and course enrollment) to build models that examine student outcomes across institutions and disciplines. We report findings on the connections between students' outcomes and their gender, race, and time spent working with LAs as well as instructors' experiences with LAs.

  3. Realizing artificial photosynthesis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProton DeliveryRadioactiveRare |Real-Time Office of

  4. Motor signs predict poor outcomes in Alzheimer disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) in five University-based AD centers in the United States and European Union. Four outcomes, assessed every index, and death. Using a standardized portion of the Unified PD Rating Scale (administered every 6 disease (AD). Methods: A total of 533 patients with AD at early stages (mean Folstein Mini-Mental State

  5. Chemical and Biological Engineering Student Learning Outcome Assessment Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Missouri-Rolla, University of

    1 Chemical and Biological Engineering Student Learning Outcome Assessment Report 1. Department/Program Mission The mission of the Department of Chemical and Biological is to prepare chemical engineers for successful careers of leadership and innovation in chemical engineering and related fields; expands

  6. Outcomes Assessment and Program Improvement Master of Science in Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    Outcomes Assessment and Program Improvement Master of Science in Finance SECTION 1 ­ PAST ASSESSMENT RESULTS The Master of Science in Finance is a terminal professional degree that is designed to provide students a strong foundation in the principles and practices of finance. The program also

  7. Automated mechanism design with a structured outcome space Vincent Conitzer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Automated mechanism design with a structured outcome space Vincent Conitzer Computer Science) to design a mechanism that maximizes one of the following objectives: 1) expected social wel- fare when of types. Finally, we show that when design- ing randomized mechanisms, we can exploit the structure

  8. Measuring Health Outcomes Real-5me Repor5ng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    Measuring Health Outcomes #12;Real-5me Repor5ng #12;Real-5me Repor5ng #12;How we Publishing Group #12;Payment and Quality: AMI #12;Real-5me Repor5ng #12;Real-5me Repor5ng

  9. Realization of highly crystallographic three-dimensional nanosheets by a stress-induced oriented-diffusion method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gharooni, M.; Hosseini, M.; Mohajerzadeh, S., E-mail: mohajer@ut.ac.ir; Taghinejad, M.; Taghinejad, H. [Thin Film and Nanoelectronics Lab, Nanoelectronics Center of Excellence, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran 143957131 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Abdi, Y. [Nano-Physics Research Lab, Department of Physics, University of Tehran, Tehran 1439955961 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2014-07-28

    Morphologically controlled nanostructures have been increasingly important because of their strongly shape dependent physical and chemical properties. Formation of nanoscale silicon based structures that employ high levels of strain, intentional, and unintentional twins or grain boundaries can be dramatically different from the commonly conceived bulk processes. We report, realization of highly crystallographic 3D nanosheets with unique morphology and ultra-thin thickness by a stress-induced oriented-diffusion method, based on plasma processing of metal layer deposited on Si substrate and its post deep reactive ion etching. Annealing in plasma ambient creates rod-like metal alloy precursors which induce stress at its interface with Si substrate due to the mismatch of lattice constants. This stress opens facilitated gateways for orientated-diffusion of metal atoms in ?110? directions and leads to formation of NSs (nanosheets) with [111] crystalline essence. Nanosheets are mainly triangular, hexagonal, or pseudo hexagonal in shape and their thicknesses are well controlled from several to tens of nanometers. The structural and morphological evolution of features were investigated in detail using transmission electron microscope, atomic force microscope, scanning electron microscope and possible mechanism is proposed to explain the formation of the thermodynamically unfavorable morphology of nanosheets. Significant photoemission capability of NSs was also demonstrated by photoluminescence spectroscopy.

  10. Realization of a SU(2)xSU(6) System of Fermions in a Cold Atomic Gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taie, Shintaro; Takasu, Yosuke; Sugawa, Seiji; Tsujimoto, Takuya; Murakami, Ryo [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 606-8502 (Japan); Yamazaki, Rekishu; Takahashi, Yoshiro [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 606-8502 (Japan); CREST, JST, 4-1-8 Honcho Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan)

    2010-11-05

    We report the realization of a novel degenerate Fermi mixture with an SU(2)xSU(6) symmetry in a cold atomic gas. We successfully cool the mixture of the two fermionic isotopes of ytterbium {sup 171}Yb with the nuclear spin I=1/2 and {sup 173}Yb with I=5/2 below the Fermi temperature T{sub F} as 0.46T{sub F} for {sup 171}Yb and 0.54T{sub F} for {sup 173}Yb. The same scattering lengths for different spin components make this mixture featured with the novel SU(2)xSU(6) symmetry. The nuclear spin components are separately imaged by exploiting an optical Stern-Gerlach effect. In addition, the mixture is loaded into a 3D optical lattice to implement the SU(2)xSU(6) Hubbard model. This mixture will open the door to the study of novel quantum phases such as a spinor Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer-like fermionic superfluid.

  11. Regional Short-Term Energy Model (RSTEM) Overview

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01

    The Regional Short-Term Energy Model (RSTEM) utilizes estimated econometric relationships for demand, inventories and prices to forecast energy market outcomes across key sectors and selected regions throughout the United States.

  12. Residential Energy Efficiency Research Planning Meeting Summary Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2012-02-01

    This report summarizes key findings and outcomes from the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Research Planning meeting, held on October 28-29, 2011, in Washington, D.C.

  13. Developing Student Learning Outcomes This guide is designed to assist you in writing student learning outcomes using Bloom's Taxonomy.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    learning outcomes using Bloom's Taxonomy. For example, you might design a course activity which requires of a triangle. Students will list the levels in Bloom's Taxonomy. Students will name the four stages in Piaget's theory of cognitive development. This guide includes verbs for each level of Bloom's Taxonomy. KNOW

  14. Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you not find what youSummerEmployment Opportunities Thank you forEnergy

  15. ENERGY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementof EnergyQuality'Lean' System09 EMABMay 200810 U.S.

  16. Design and Power Management of Energy Harvesting Embedded Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    Design and Power Management of Energy Harvesting Embedded Systems Vijay Raghunathan NEC Labs, biomedical implants, etc. While energy harvesting has the potential to enable near-perpetual system operation, designing an efficient energy harvesting system that actually realizes this potential requires an in

  17. Energy aware RAID Configuration for Large Storage Systems Norifumi Nishikawa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butt, Ali R.

    configurations have been pursued from an energy saving perspective. We first investigate how different RAID for performance, capacity, and efficiency. Such RAID groups, however, might not be efficient for energy saving because the unit of power control becomes large. Aiming to realize storage energy saving, it is important

  18. The field of BoseEinstein condensation in atomic gases has been full of sur-prises. What happened after the first realization of BoseEinstein condensates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foreword The field of Bose­Einstein condensation in atomic gases has been full of sur- prises. What happened after the first realization of Bose­Einstein condensates in 1995 has far exceeded the vision of their creators. Originally, I expected interesting studies of equilibrium properties and dynamics, but the Bose

  19. A RF Lateral BJT on SOI for realization of RF SOI-BiCMOS I-Shan Michael Sun, Wai Tung Ng*, Hidenori Mochizuki, Koji Kanekiyo, Takaaki Kobayashi,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Wai Tung

    A RF Lateral BJT on SOI for realization of RF SOI-BiCMOS Technology I-Shan Michael Sun, Wai Tung Ng between 190-300 GHz·V. The fmax of the optimal device reaches 46 GHz at collector current density of only vertical BJT requires thick- film SOI (>1µm) for the collector region, but is incompatible with thin

  20. Tokyo Tech International Symposium on Education Reform Best Practices for Realization of WorldClass Science and Engineering Higher Education Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Necessity for Education Reform 3. New Education System 4. Expected Results after the Reforms #12;Tokyo Tech of Tokyo Tech: Necessity for Education Reform 3. New Education System 4. Expected Results afterTokyo Tech International Symposium on Education Reform Best Practices for Realization of World

  1. A New Class of Multivariate Public Key Cryptosystems Constructed Based on Random Pseudo Cyclic Codes, K(XIII)SE(2)PKC, Realizing Coding Rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    A New Class of Multivariate Public Key Cryptosystems Constructed Based on Random Pseudo Cyclic present a new class of multivariate public-key cryptosystems, K(XIII)SE(2)PKC realizing the coding rate. Keyword Public key cryptosystem, Error-correcting code, Code based PKC, Cyclic code, Multivariate PKC, Gr

  2. Flowing sand a physical realization of Directed Percolation Haye Hinrichsen 1 , Andrea Jim'enez Dalmaroni 2;3 , Yadin Rozov 2 , and Eytan Domany 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Domany, Eytan

    Flowing sand ­ a physical realization of Directed Percolation Haye Hinrichsen 1 , Andrea Jim to describe recent experiments by Douady and Daerr on flowing sand. The model reproduces experimentally here that a simple system of sand flow on an inclined plane, recently studied by Daerr and Douady (DD

  3. ULO Course Learning Outcome Assessment Method Pedagogy Process of Inqui-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    of using a particular form of energy conversion. Develop a rubric to assess such an assignment, using (for and Technology with Humans and Environment Evaluate different forms of energy (elec- trical, solar, wind on course) Differentiate between accepted facts on energy, energy estimates, and energy opinions. Assignment

  4. The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implication...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implications for the Land Transport Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Outcome of the...

  5. RIT General Education Student Learning Outcomes July 2011 Rochester Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    accepted scholarly methods and properly acknowledge sources of information Ethical, Social, and GlobalRIT General Education Student Learning Outcomes July 2011 Rochester Institute of Technology General Education Student Learning Outcomes Updated July 2011 Communication Express oneself effectively in common

  6. Physiological and Computed Tomographic Predictors of Outcome from Lung Volume Reduction Surgery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Physiological and Computed Tomographic Predictors of Outcome from Lung Volume Reduction Surgery: Previous investigations have identified several potential predictors of outcomes from lung volume reduction: To identify objective radiographic and physiological indices of lung disease that have prognostic value

  7. Purdue Solar Energy Utilization Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agrawal, Rakesh

    2014-01-21

    The objective of this project is to establish and set-up a laboratory that will facilitate research and development of new low-cost and high-efficiency solar energy utilization technologies at Purdue University. The outcome will help spur the creation of solar energy start-up companies and eventually a solar energy industry in Indiana that can help fulfill the growing national demand for solar energy.

  8. Energy use, technical progress and productivity growth : a survey of economic issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berndt, Ernst R.

    1990-01-01

    This is a survey paper for non-specialists on interactions between energy and productivity growth. The first half of the paper surveys the general economic literature linking technical progress to realized gains in ...

  9. Strong first-order phase transition in a rotating neutron star core and the associated energy release

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. L. Zdunik; M. Bejger; P. Haensel; E. Gourgoulhon

    2007-07-25

    We calculate the energy release associated with a strong first-order phase transition, from normal phase N to an "exotic" superdense phase S, in a rotating neutron star. Such a phase transition, accompanied by a density jump rho_N --> rho_S, is characterized by rho_S/rho_N > 3/2(1+P_0/rho_N c^2), where P_0 is the pressure, at which phase transition occurs. Configurations with small S-phase cores are then unstable and collapse into stars with large S-phase cores. The energy release is equal to the difference in mass-energies between the initial (normal) configuration and the final configuration containing an S-phase core, total stellar baryon mass and angular momentum being kept constant. The calculations of the energy release are based on precise numerical 2-D calculations. Polytropic equations of state (EOSs) as well as realistic EOS with strong first-order phase transition due to kaon condensation are used. For polytropic EOSs, a large parameter space is studied. For a fixed "overpressure", dP, defined as the relative excess of central pressure of collapsing metastable star over the pressure of equilibrium first-order phase transition, the energy release E_rel does not depend on the stellar angular momentum. It coincides with that for nonrotating stars with the same dP. Therefore, results of 1-D calculations of E_rel(dP) for non-rotating stars can be used to predict, with very high precision, the outcome of much harder to perform 2-D calculations for rotating stars with the same dP. This result holds also for dP_min transitions with climbing over the energy barrier separating metastable N-phase configurations from those with an S-phase core. Such phase transitions could be realized in the cores of newly born, hot, pulsating neutron stars.

  10. Realizing Multi-Dimensional Software Adaptation P. K. McKinley, E. P. Kasten, S. M. Sadjadi, and Z. Zhou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadjadi, S. Masoud

    -of- service on wireless networks, run-time energy management for hand- held computers, and self-auditing of potential security threats in distributed environments. 1. INTRODUCTION Given today's heterogeneous mobile computing infrastructure, many distributed computing applications need to adapt to their environ- ment

  11. LRBOI Tribal Renewable Energy-Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hawley, David A.

    2013-12-17

    In 2011, a DOE Tribal energy Program first Steps Human Capacity was awarded to the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians (LRBOI). The main purpose of the grant was to increase human capacity of LRBOI, to understand the components of renewable energy and the importance of energy efficiency. This report summarizes the activities, the outcomes, and the lessons learned during this grant.

  12. Independent Living Service Programs for Foster Youth: How Individual Factors and Program Features Affect Participation and Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommer, Heidi

    2013-01-01

    and Outcomes By Heidi Sommer A dissertation submitted inand Outcomes by Heidi Sommer Doctor of Philosophy in Publicmemory of my father, Erich Sommer and stepfather, Alfons

  13. Overview of Evaluation Methods for R&D Programs: A Directory of Evaluation Methods Relevant to Technology Development Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruegg, R.; Jordan, G B.

    2007-03-01

    This document provides guidance for evaluators who conduct impact assessments to determine the “realized” economic benefits and costs, energy, environmental benefits, and other impacts of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s (EERE) R&D programs. The focus of this Guide is on realized outcomes or impacts of R&D programs actually experienced by American citizens, industry, and others.

  14. Electromagnetic or other directed energy pulse launcher

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ziolkowski, Richard W. (Livermore, CA)

    1990-01-01

    The physical realization of new solutions of wave propagation equations, such as Maxwell's equations and the scaler wave equation, produces localized pulses of wave energy such as electromagnetic or acoustic energy which propagate over long distances without divergence. The pulses are produced by driving each element of an array of radiating sources with a particular drive function so that the resultant localized packet of energy closely approximates the exact solutions and behaves the same.

  15. Real Time Monitoring: Achieving Energy Efficiency 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rouse, S.

    2009-01-01

    , monitor and target savings Budgeting: Forecast, track and produce variance reports Alarms: Everything that is monitored can be alarmed ? use, demand and price By starting at the meter and ending at the bill ? sustainable energy savings can... operators when the use, demand, price exceeds a predetermined limit. Operators are now empowered to take action, such as shift a portion of the load during price spikes so that energy savings and / or demand savings can be realized. Energy @ Work?s...

  16. Instrumental Variable Analysis with a Nonlinear Exposure–Outcome Relationship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgess, Stephen; Davies, Neil M.; Thompson, Simon G.

    2014-08-27

    this merely reflects reverse causation (sick people lose weight) or confounding (underweight individuals dif- fer in other risk factors from those of average weight) or whether there is a causal effect of low BMi on increased mortality.3 in a randomized... as the sample size increases. either stratum- specific or sliding window estimates can equally be estimated with a binary outcome by using a log-linear or logistic analy- sis model to estimate a relative risk or odds ratio parameter. a localized average causal...

  17. Supporting industries energy and environmental profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2005-09-21

    As part of its Industries of the Future strategy, the Industrial Technologies Program within the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy works with energy-intensive industries to improve efficiency, reduce waste, and increase productivity. These seven Industries of the Future (IOFs) – aluminum, chemicals, forest products, glass, metal casting, mining, and steel – rely on several other so-called “supporting industries” to supply materials and processes necessary to the products that the IOFs create. The supporting industries, in many cases, also provide great opportunities for realizing energy efficiency gains in IOF processes.

  18. ULO Course Learning Outcome Assessment Method Pedagogy Process of Inqui-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    building energy performance, the performance of natural and artificial lighting, and noise levels. Provide Understandings Define terms of building science; Identify common performance indicators of building energy on course) Describe the role of energy modeling in creating a sustainable building; Give examples

  19. Advancing Residential Energy Retrofits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, Roderick K [ORNL; Boudreaux, Philip R [ORNL; Kim, Eyu-Jin [Southface Energy Institute; Roberts, Sydney [Southface Energy Institute

    2012-01-01

    To advance the market penetration of residential retrofits, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Southface Energy Institute (Southface) partnered to provide technical assistance on nine home energy retrofits in metropolitan Atlanta with simulated source energy savings of 30% to 50%. Retrofit measures included duct sealing, air infiltration reductions, attic sealing and roofline insulation, crawlspace sealing, HVAC and water heating equipment replacement, and lighting and appliance upgrades. This paper will present a summary of these measures and their associated impacts on important home performance metrics, such as air infiltration and duct leakage. The average estimated source energy savings for the homes is 33%, and the actual heating season average savings is 32%. Additionally, a case study describing expected and realized energy savings of completed retrofit measures of one of the homes is described in this paper.

  20. Minimum Energy Coding for Wireless NanoSensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihada, Basem

    Minimum Energy Coding for Wireless NanoSensor Networks Murat Kocaoglu Ozgur B. Akan Next-generation nodes. With their extremely small size, nanosensor nodes can only provide limited energy. Hence, power for their realization. Authors in [1] provide a detailed survey on the state-of-the-art in nanosensors and emphasize

  1. Validation of Energy Efficiency Projects: Can You Run Effective Energy Management Programs Without It? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, V.; Falk, M. A.

    2000-01-01

    of introducing a fresh and experienced perspective. REFERENCES I. "International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol." 1997. u.s. Department of Energy. 2. "Lessons Learned from the US Department of Energy's Motor Challenge Showcase.... I. Find an opportunity to improve efficiency. 2. Carry out the upgrade. 3. Realize the great energy savings that were obtained through the modification. 4. Lay claim to bragging rights as the one who obtained the most savings, the best...

  2. Using existing technologies, designers and operators of large buildings could slash national energy use across a broad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Using existing technologies, designers and operators of large buildings could slash national energy of large office buildings and hospitals achieve at least a 50% energy savings using existing technology. Strategies for 50% Energy Savings in Large Office Buildings found that a 50% energy savings can be realized

  3. ABET Criterion 3: Outcomes Met By Course Content This brief content assessment should be consistent with the updated Course Syllabet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    /Year: Spring 2010 Instructor: Kifle Gebremedhin Identify the outcomes associated with this course. Place a "P

  4. Multi-outcome and Multidimensional Market Scoring Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortnow, Lance

    2012-01-01

    Hanson's market scoring rules allow us to design a prediction market that still gives useful information even if we have an illiquid market with a limited number of budget-constrained agents. Each agent can "move" the current price of a market towards their prediction. While this movement still occurs in multi-outcome or multidimensional markets we show that no market-scoring rule, under reasonable conditions, always moves the price directly towards beliefs of the agents. We present a modified version of a market scoring rule for budget-limited traders, and show that it does have the property that, from any starting position, optimal trade by a budget-limited trader will result in the market being moved towards the trader's true belief. This mechanism also retains several attractive strategic properties of the market scoring rule.

  5. Energy Storage Systems Program Report for FY99

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BOYES,JOHN D.

    2000-06-01

    Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico, conducts the Energy Storage Systems Program, which is sponsored by the US Department of Energy's Office of Power Technologies. The goal of this program is to develop cost-effective electric energy storage systems for many high-value stationary applications in collaboration with academia and industry. Sandia National Laboratories is responsible for the engineering analyses, contracted development, and testing of energy storage components and systems. This report details the technical achievements realized during fiscal year 1999.

  6. Energy Storage Systems Program Report for FY98

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, P.C.

    1999-04-01

    Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico, conducts the Energy Storage Systems Program, which is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Power Technologies. The goal of this program is to collaborate with industry in developing cost-effective electric energy storage systems for many high-value stationary applications. Sandia National Laboratories is responsible for the engineering analyses, contracted development and testing of energy storage components and systems. This report details the technical achievements realized during fiscal year 1998.

  7. On possibility of realization of the phenomena of complex analytic dynamics in physical systems. Novel mechanism of the synchronization loss in coupled period-doubling systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. B. Isaeva; S. P. Kuznetsov

    2005-09-06

    The possibility of realization of the phenomena of complex analytic dynamics for the realistic physical models are investigated. Observation of the Mandelbrot and Julia sets in the parameter and phase spaces both for the discrete maps and non-autonomous continuous systems is carried out. For these purposes, the method, based on consideration of coupled systems, demonstrating period-doubling cascade is suggested. Novel mechanism of synchronization loss in coupled systems corresponded to the dynamical behavior intrinsic to the complex analytic maps is offered.

  8. Solutions for implementing time-of-flight techniques in low-angle neutron scattering, as realized on the Low-Q Diffractometer at Los Alamos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hjelm, R.P. Jr.; Seeger, P.A.

    1992-12-01

    The implementation of small-angle (Low-momentum transfer) neutron scattering at pulsed spallation sources, using time of flight methods, has meant the introduction of some new ideas in instrument design, data acquisition, data reduction and computer management of the experiment and the data. Here we recount some of the salient aspects of solutions for implementing time of fight small-angle neutron scattering instruments at pulsed sources, as realized on the Low-Q Diffractometer, LQD, at Los Alamos. We consider, fortlier, some of the problems that are yet to be solved, and take a short excursion into the future of SANS instrumentation at pulsed sources.

  9. Fusion Rules of the Lowest Weight Representations of osp_q(1|2) at Roots of Unity: Polynomial Realization and Degeneration at Roots of Unity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Karakhanyan; Sh. Khachatryan

    2009-08-27

    The degeneracy of the lowest weight representations of the quantum superalgebra $osp_q(1|2)$ and their tensor products at exceptional values of %when deformation parameter $q$ takes exceptional values is studied. The main features of the structures of the finite dimensional lowest weight representations and their fusion rules are illustrated using realization of group generators as finite-difference operators acting in the space of the polynomials. The complete fusion rules for the decompositions of the tensor products at roots of unity are presented. The appearance of indecomposable representations in the fusions is described using Clebsh-Gordan coefficients derived for general values of $q$ and at roots of unity.

  10. Portland State University Graduate School of Education Research unit Early Childhood Outcomes Measurement Project (ECOMP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portland State University Graduate School of Education Research unit Early Childhood Outcomes Measurement Project (ECOMP) US Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative

  11. The Role of the State in Influencing African Labour Outcomes in Spain and Portugal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendoza, Cristóbal

    2000-01-01

    The point to stress here is that African labour outcomes arestress here is that, unlike Spain, the state does not 'push' PALOP Africans into secondary labour

  12. Realization of solid-state nanothermometer using Ge quantum-dot single-hole transistor in few-hole regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, I. H.; Lai, W. T.; Li, P. W.

    2014-06-16

    Semiconductor Ge quantum-dot (QD) thermometry has been demonstrated based on extraordinary temperature-dependent oscillatory differential conductance (G{sub D}) characteristics of Ge-QD single-hole transistors (SHTs) in the few-hole regime. Full-voltage width-at-half-minimum, V{sub 1/2}, of G{sub D} valleys appears to be fairly linear in the charge number (n) and temperature within the QD in a relationship of eV{sub 1/2}???(1???0.11n)?×?5.15k{sub B}T, providing the primary thermometric quantity. The depth of G{sub D} valley is also proportional to charging energy (E{sub C}) and 1/T via ?G{sub D}???E{sub C}/9.18k{sub B}T, providing another thermometric quantity. This experimental demonstration suggests our Ge-QD SHT offering effective building blocks for nanothermometers over a wide temperature range with a detection temperature as high as 155?K in a spatial resolution less than 10?nm and temperature accuracy of sub-kelvin.

  13. Energy Efficiency First, Zero Energy Ready Homes, and Solar PV Updates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar will cover the latest developments in several different energy technologies and how to use them separately or in combination to realize the greatest benefit to tribal communities. The webinar is held from 11:00 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Mountain Standard Time on April 29, 2015.

  14. Canada's Voluntary Industrial Energy Conservation Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, C. A., Jr.

    1980-01-01

    , interrup forthcoming to meet demands even further into tions in foreign supply and awareness of interna the future. tional hardships have now prompted the realization Canada possesses 1/4 of the world's uranium that Canada's domestic energy resources... it is profitable to do so. The Canadian government has recognized the need for an intensive energy conservation effort across all sectors of Canadian society. One problem that had to be addressed was: how should government proceed in its efforts to encourage...

  15. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy An Introduction to the 2010 Fuel Cell Pre a d t ade o a to educe Advancing Presidential Priorities Energy efficiency and renewable energy, cleanest, Recovery Act energy projectsfastest energy source ­ energy efficiency · Double renewable energy

  16. The Impact of Experimental Setup on Prepaid Churn Modeling: Data, Population and Outcome Definition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Putten, Peter van der

    The Impact of Experimental Setup on Prepaid Churn Modeling: Data, Population and Outcome Definition.larsen@t-mobile.nl Abstract. Prepaid customers in mobile telecommunications are not bound by a contract and can therefore study of prepaid churn modeling by varying on three dimensions: data, outcome definition and population

  17. Expected Learning Outcomes for Courses for the Chemistry Major Programs Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Ting

    with Designated Emphases in Environmental Chemistry and Forensic Chemistry. Student Learning Outcomes The majorExpected Learning Outcomes for Courses for the Chemistry Major Programs Introduction The department of chemistry presently has over 500 undergraduate majors and a small number of minors. Six programs are offered

  18. Undergraduate Student Outcomes: A Comparison of Online and Face-to-Face Courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    to participate in a pilot comparative learning outcomes study. This project made it possible to compare student methods), including demographics, learning style, students' fit with the online environment. In addition, there have been numerous small-scale studies that have focused directly on student outcomes

  19. Assessment Plan for Student Outcome: The Journalism Program in the Department of Arts, Culture and Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oertel, Ulrich

    Assessment Plan for Student Outcome: The Journalism Program in the Department of Arts, Culture and Media Program Outcomes At Rutgers-Newark, journalism is taught as a liberal arts subject that blends work and documentaries. At the same time, they study the past and present of journalism to understand

  20. BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION ASSESSMENT REPORT 2005-2006 Student Learning Outcomes Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallo, Linda C.

    learning assessment plan, what was the focus of the department's student learning assessment for the pastBUSINESS ADMINISTRATION ASSESSMENT REPORT 2005-2006 Student Learning Outcomes Committee Department separately. There are four goals (each with corresponding student learning outcomes) that are common to the B

  1. LEARNING OUTCOMES FOR THE PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR Goal 1. Knowledge Base of Psychology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bucci, David J.

    LEARNING OUTCOMES FOR THE PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR Goal 1. Knowledge Base of Psychology Demonstrate in psychology. Learning Outcomes 1.1 Characterize the nature of psychology as a discipline. a. Identify and explain the primary objectives of psychology: describing, understanding, predicting, and controlling

  2. Proton Radiotherapy for Pediatric Ewing's Sarcoma: Initial Clinical Outcomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rombi, Barbara [ATreP (Provincial Agency for Proton Therapy), Trento (Italy); DeLaney, Thomas F.; MacDonald, Shannon M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital-Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Huang, Mary S.; Ebb, David H. [Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital-Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Liebsch, Norbert J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital-Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Raskin, Kevin A. [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital-Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Yeap, Beow Y. [Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital-Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Marcus, Karen J. [Division of Radiation Oncology, Children's Hospital Boston, MA (United States); Tarbell, Nancy J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital-Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Yock, Torunn I., E-mail: tyock@partners.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital-Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

    2012-03-01

    Purpose: Proton radiotherapy (PT) has been prescribed similarly to photon radiotherapy to achieve comparable disease control rates at comparable doses. The chief advantage of protons in this setting is to reduce acute and late toxicities by decreasing the amount of normal tissue irradiated. We report the preliminary clinical outcomes including late effects on our pediatric Ewing's sarcoma patients treated with PT at the Francis H. Burr Proton Therapy Center at Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston, MA). Methods and Materials: This was a retrospective review of the medical records of 30 children with Ewing's sarcoma who were treated with PT between April 2003 and April 2009. Results: A total of 14 male and 16 female patients with tumors in several anatomic sites were treated with PT at a median age of 10 years. The median dose was 54 Gy (relative biological effectiveness) with a median follow-up of 38.4 months. The 3-year actuarial rates of event-free survival, local control, and overall survival were 60%, 86%, and 89%, respectively. PT was acutely well tolerated, with mostly mild-to-moderate skin reactions. At the time of writing, the only serious late effects have been four hematologic malignancies, which are known risks of topoisomerase and anthracyline exposure. Conclusions: Proton radiotherapy was well tolerated, with few adverse events. Longer follow-up is needed to more fully assess tumor control and late effects, but the preliminary results are encouraging.

  3. Russian Health Studies Program Peer Reviewed Publications and Outcomes |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-A WholesaleRetrofitElectricalDepartment of Energy Peer

  4. Residential Energy Efficiency Research Planning Meeting Summary Report: Washington, D.C. - October 27-28, 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-02-01

    This report summarizes key findings and outcomes from the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Research Planning meeting, held on October 28-29, 2011, in Washington, D.C.

  5. Cognitive Energy Value Chain: Leveraging Big Data to Optimize Energy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birg, G.; Reitmeier, T.

    2014-01-01

    -if’ Scenarios Predicting The Future Variance Analyses Performance Management System Wide Trade Offs ESL-IE-14-05-44 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 - 6 -CEO Cognitive Energy Optimization... Optimization Confidential Predictive vs. Prescriptive Analytics Predictive analytics solutions allow organizations to discover, evaluate, optimize, and deploy predictive models by analyzing data sources to improve business outcomes where: – Evidence...

  6. Urban Microclimate, a Study of Energy Balance and Fluid Dynamics /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghoobian, Neda

    2013-01-01

    Urban Environment, California Water Report Update [Available online at http://www.waterplan.water.ca.gov/previous/cwpu2005/index.cfm] [31] Energy Efficiencyurban mitigation measures; with often surprising outcomes. xx Introduction Motivation Increasing energy efficiencyurban canopy. If the choice of a ground surface material is motivated by building energy efficiency

  7. Proton Radiotherapy for Parameningeal Rhabdomyosarcoma: Clinical Outcomes and Late Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Childs, Stephanie K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Kozak, Kevin R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Wisconsin Cancer Center Johnson Creek, Madison, WI (United States); Friedmann, Alison M. [Department of Pediatric Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Yeap, Beow Y. [Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Adams, Judith; MacDonald, Shannon M.; Liebsch, Norbert J.; Tarbell, Nancy J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Yock, Torunn I., E-mail: tyock@partners.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

    2012-02-01

    Purpose: To report the clinical outcome and late side effect profile of proton radiotherapy in the treatment of children with parameningeal rhabdomyosarcoma (PM-RMS). Methods and Materials: Seventeen consecutive children with PM-RMS were treated with proton radiotherapy at Massachusetts General Hospital between 1996 and 2005. We reviewed the medical records of all patients and asked referring physicians to report specific side effects of interest. Results: Median patient age at diagnosis was 3.4 years (range, 0.4-17.6). Embryonal (n = 11), alveolar (n = 4), and undifferentiated (n = 2) histologies were represented. Ten patients (59%) had intracranial extension. Median prescribed dose was 50.4 cobalt gray equivalents (GyRBE) (range, 50.4-56.0 GyRBE) delivered in 1.8-2.0-GyRBE daily fractions. Median follow-up was 5.0 years for survivors. The 5-year failure-free survival estimate was 59% (95% confidence interval, 33-79%), and overall survival estimate was 64% (95% confidence interval, 37-82%). Among the 7 patients who failed, sites of first recurrence were local only (n = 2), regional only (n = 2), distant only (n = 2), and local and distant (n = 1). Late effects related to proton radiotherapy in the 10 recurrence-free patients (median follow-up, 5 years) include failure to maintain height velocity (n = 3), endocrinopathies (n = 2), mild facial hypoplasia (n = 7), failure of permanent tooth eruption (n = 3), dental caries (n = 5), and chronic nasal/sinus congestion (n = 2). Conclusions: Proton radiotherapy for patients with PM-RMS yields tumor control and survival comparable to that in historical controls with similar poor prognostic factors. Furthermore, rates of late effects from proton radiotherapy compare favorably to published reports of photon-treated cohorts.

  8. Pseudoredundant vacuum energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batra, Puneet; Hinterbichler, Kurt; Hui, Lam; Kabat, Daniel [Institute for Strings, Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics and Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)

    2008-08-15

    We discuss models that can account for today's dark energy. The underlying cosmological constant may be Planck scale but starts as a redundant coupling which can be eliminated by a field redefinition. The observed vacuum energy arises when the redundancy is explicitly broken, say by a nonminimal coupling to curvature. We give a recipe for constructing models, including R+1/R-type models, that realize this mechanism and satisfy all solar system constraints on gravity. A similar model, based on Gauss-Bonnet gravity, provides a technically natural explanation for dark energy and exhibits an interesting seesaw behavior: a large underlying cosmological constant gives rise to both low- and high-curvature solutions. Such models could be statistically favored in the string landscape.

  9. Energy Savings Performance Contract (ESPC) ENABLE Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-06-01

    The Energy Savings Performance Contract (ESPC) ENABLE program, a new project funding approach, allows small Federal facilities to realize energy and water savings in six months or less. ESPC ENABLE provides a standardized and streamlined process to install targeted energy conservation measures (ECMs) such as lighting, water, and controls with measurement and verification (M&V) appropriate for the size and scope of the project. This allows Federal facilities smaller than 200,000 square feet to make progress towards important energy efficiency and water conservation requirements.

  10. Symmetry energy in nuclear density functional theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Nazarewicz; P. -G. Reinhard; W. Satula; D. Vretenar

    2013-07-22

    The nuclear symmetry energy represents a response to the neutron-proton asymmetry. In this survey we discuss various aspects of symmetry energy in the framework of nuclear density functional theory, considering both non-relativistic and relativistic self-consistent mean-field realizations side-by-side. Key observables pertaining to bulk nucleonic matter and finite nuclei are reviewed. Constraints on the symmetry energy and correlations between observables and symmetry-energy parameters, using statistical covariance analysis, are investigated. Perspectives for future work are outlined in the context of ongoing experimental efforts.

  11. Why geothermal energy? Geothermal utilization in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazo, F.M.

    1997-12-31

    This paper discusses the advantages of choosing geothermal energy as a resource option in the Philippine energy program. The government mandates the full-scale development of geothermal energy resources to meet increased power demand brought by rapid industrialization and economic growth, and to reduce fossil fuel importation. It also aims to realize these additional geothermal capacities by tapping private sector investments in the exploration, development, exploitation, construction, operation and management of various geothermal areas in the country.

  12. Berkeley Lab scientists develop criteria for $20 million energy challenge

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Walker, Iain

    2013-05-29

    Berkeley Labs Iain Walker and his colleagues in environmental energy research helped the Siebel Foundation develop the criteria for its Energy Free Home Challenge, which comes with a $20 million global incentive prize. The Challenge is a competition to create a new generation of systems and technologies for practical homes that realize a net-zero, non-renewable energy footprint without increasing the cost of ownership. It is open to everyone everywhere ? university teams to handymen and hobbyists.

  13. Berkeley Lab scientists develop criteria for $20 million energy challenge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, Iain

    2009-01-01

    Berkeley Labs Iain Walker and his colleagues in environmental energy research helped the Siebel Foundation develop the criteria for its Energy Free Home Challenge, which comes with a $20 million global incentive prize. The Challenge is a competition to create a new generation of systems and technologies for practical homes that realize a net-zero, non-renewable energy footprint without increasing the cost of ownership. It is open to everyone everywhere — university teams to handymen and hobbyists.

  14. Oceanography Graduate Program Student Learning Outcomes Upon completion of the Masters program in Oceanography, students will be able to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oceanography Graduate Program Student Learning Outcomes Upon completion of the Masters program in Oceanography, students will be able to: Student Learning Outcome Evaluation Criteria Define, explain and summarize the basic principles of Oceanography, including the basic tenets of the sub

  15. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    Motor Vehicle Growth, Oil Demand and CO2 Emissions through61 4.3.2 Crude Oil Demand and Tradethe increase in crude oil demand is driven by a burgeoning

  16. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). 32 Consequently, CNG heavy-Electric Taxi Gasoline LPG Motorcycle Figure 34 Passengercars while the fuel economy of LPG taxis improve at a slower

  17. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    CIS Total and Power Sector Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2005-Power Sector CIS and AIS Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2005-Inter-scenario Carbon Dioxide Emissions Mitigation Potential

  18. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    for California Natural Gas Vehicles Partnership. ShanghaiReport for California Natural Gas Vehicles Partnership. CISfor compressed natural gas cars. 14 The vehicle kilometers

  19. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    of fuel share, the stock of hybrid cars are assumed to risemanufacturer of hybrid and electric cars with the successfulcapacity to 500,000 hybrid or electric cars and buses by the

  20. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    Electricity Council. 2010. “Smart Grid Snapshot: China Topswww.zpryme.com/reports/smart_grid_snapshot_global_and_china%Figure 48 2010 Federal Stimulus Investments in Smart Grid by

  1. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    renewable plus hydro and nuclear power) increase their shareNatural Gas Nuclear Hydro Coal Power Capacity (GW) hydropower is given first priority followed by wind, hydro,

  2. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    experiences with counterfeit lithium-ion batteries andmalfunctioning lithium-ion batteries in computers may alsoraised the cost of lithium ion batteries, will likely remain

  3. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    Electricity Demand ..in the rise of final electricity demand, where industry’sdeclining share in electricity demand and relatively flat

  4. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    61 4.3.2 Crude Oil Demand and Tradeor no impact on China’s crude oil import demand. Rather,for reductions in crude oil imports and coal demand in its

  5. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    Implications of Nuclear Expansion .. 81 Comparison ofImplications of Nuclear Expansion Although China has not2030. The rapid nuclear capacity expansion requires annual

  6. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    the shares of AIS electricity generation by fuel. AIS powerhistorical electricity generation by primary fuel. ThermalNon-Fossil Fuel Electricity Generation (kgce/kWh) ..

  7. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    as naphtha, jet kerosene and heavy oil (bunker fuel). At thegasoline, jet kerosene and heavy oil (bunker fuel). LPG, forfollowed by gasoline, heavy oil and jet kerosene under both

  8. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    The status quo of China's nuclear power and the uranium gapAssociation. 2010. "Nuclear Power in China." Availableincluding hydropower and nuclear power. In November 2009,

  9. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    Gas Industry and Gas to Power Generation." IEEJ: July 2007.71 Figure 55 China AIS Power Generation Capacity, 2000-74 Comparison of Total Power Generation Output in 2030 by

  10. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    the assumption that diesel hybrid buses become availableefficiency gain with more diesel hybrids, or 8.65 MJ/veh-efficiency gain with more diesel hybrids, or 2.9 MJ/veh-km (

  11. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    followed by gasoline, heavy oil and jet kerosene under bothElectricity Ethanol Gasoline Heavy Oil Jet Kerosene LPGElectricity Ethanol Gasoline Heavy Oil Jet Kerosene LPG

  12. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    and 24 GW of installed solar capacity. Non-fossil fuels (1,900 GW in 2030. Solar installed capacity reaches 24 GW,2000-2030 Installed Capacity (GW) Solar Biomass and other

  13. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    He, et. al. 2005. “Oil consumption and CO2 emissions inHe, et. al. 2005. “Oil consumption and CO2 emissions inin all types of oil consumption are needed to reduce crude

  14. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    high voltage electricity transmission in China. A secondthe transmission and distribution of electricity, and in theelectricity supply, generation efficiency, dispatch, transmission

  15. Management of Pediatric Spinal Cord Astrocytomas: Outcomes With Adjuvant Radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guss, Zachary D.; Moningi, Shalini; Jallo, George I.; Cohen, Kenneth J.; Wharam, Moody D.; Terezakis, Stephanie A.

    2013-04-01

    Purpose: Pediatric intramedullary spinal cord tumors are exceedingly rare; in the United States, 100 to 200 cases are recognized annually, of these, most are astrocytomas. The purpose of this study is to report the outcomes in pediatric patients with spinal cord astrocytomas treated at a tertiary care center. Methods and Materials: An institutional review board-approved retrospective single-institution study was performed for pediatric patients with spinal cord astrocytomas treated at our hospital from 1990 to 2010. The patients were evaluated on the extent of resection, progression-free survival (PFS), and development of radiation-related toxicities. Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariate regression model methods were used for analysis. Results: Twenty-nine patients were included in the study, 24 with grade 1 or 2 (low-grade) tumors and 5 with grade 3 or 4 (high-grade) tumors. The median follow-up time was 55 months (range, 1-215 months) for patients with low-grade tumors and 17 months (range, 10-52 months) for those with high-grade tumors. Thirteen patients in the cohort received chemotherapy. All patients underwent at least 1 surgical resection. Twelve patients received radiation therapy to a median radiation dose of 47.5 Gy (range, 28.6-54.0 Gy). Fifteen patients with low-grade tumors and 1 patient with a high-grade tumor exhibited stable disease at the last follow-up visit. Acute toxicities of radiation therapy were low grade, whereas long-term sequelae were infrequent and manageable when they arose. All patients with low-grade tumors were alive at the last follow-up visit, compared with 1 patient with a high-grade tumor. Conclusion: Primary pediatric spinal cord astrocytomas vary widely in presentation and clinical course. Histopathologic grade remains a major prognostic factor. Patients with low-grade tumors tend to have excellent disease control and long-term survival compared to those with high-grade tumors. This experience suggests that radiation therapy may enhance tumor control with an acceptably low risk of long-term sequelae in this sensitive patient population.

  16. Space Instrument Realization (ISR-5)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    design, and fabrication support to all aspects of mechanical and electronic assemblies Mechanical analysis with a focus on space environment-radiation, thermal, vibration...

  17. Space Instrument Realization (ISR-5)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and fabrication (NASA-certified) assembly Parts inventory database based on "pcMRP" software package Quality assurance System test and integration Space systems engineering...

  18. Space Instrument Realization (ISR-5)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C. TemperatureThousand CubicArchived FOIASpaceSpace Dust45

  19. A Guide to Energy Audits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baechler, Michael C.

    2011-09-01

    Energy audits are a powerful tool for uncovering operational and equipment improvements that will save energy, reduce energy costs, and lead to higher performance. Energy audits can be done as a stand-alone effort or as part of a larger analysis across a group of facilities, or across an owner's portfolio. The purpose of an energy audit (sometimes called an 'energy assessment' or 'energy study') is to determine where, when, why and how energy is used in a facility, and to identify opportunities to improve efficiency. Energy auditing services are offered by energy services companies (ESCOs), energy consultants and engineering firms. The energy auditor leads the audit process but works closely with building owners, staff and other key participants throughout to ensure accuracy of data collection and appropriateness of energy efficiency recommendation. The audit typically begins with a review of historical and current utility data and benchmarking of your building's energy use against similar buildings. This sets the stage for an onsite inspection of the physical building. The main outcome of an energy audit is a list of recommended energy efficiency measures (EEMs), their associated energy savings potential, and an assessment of whether EEM installation costs are a good financial investment.

  20. The Effect of Electrode Placement on Cochlear Implant Function and Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prentiss, Sandra

    2013-12-31

    can be preserved resulting in combined low frequency auditory perception and mid- to high-frequency electric perception resulting in electro-acoustic stimulation (EAS). Despite the improvements in cochlear implantation, outcomes continue to vary...

  1. Managerial Coaching Behavior and Employee Outcomes: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sewon

    2012-10-19

    , and organization support, were used to frame the hypothesized conceptual model of managerial coaching outcomes for the current study. The systematic review of relevant literature identified satisfaction with work, role ambiguity, satisfaction with manager, career...

  2. Adolescent Impulsivity: A Mediator between Parental Monitoring and Adolescent Psychosocial Outcomes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Ashley M

    2014-08-04

    Previous research has established a robust relationship between characteristics of authoritative parenting as well as adolescent impulsivity on adolescent psychosocial outcomes. The current study was the first to expand upon this literature...

  3. Rutgers University Libraries Information Literacy Goals and Outcome Expectations* General Goal Department Goals and Objectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Stephen José

    Rutgers University Libraries Information Literacy Goals and Outcome Expectations* General Goal Department Goals and Objectives Students will determine the nature and extent of the information needed. Define and articulate the need for information. Identify key concepts and terms that describe

  4. Understanding the link between changes in social support and changes in outcomes with the sociometric badge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waber, Benjamin Nathan

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this thesis is to show that social support created through face-to-face interaction is a driving factor in a number of important outcomes. Through a series of studies we show that social support, operationalized ...

  5. Personality fit in nascar: does driver-sponsor congruence influence sponsorship effectiveness outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dees, Windy Lynn

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to determine if personality fit between NASCAR drivers and their major sponsors affects the sponsorship outcomes of consumer attitudes toward the sponsor, attitudes toward the brand, and ...

  6. Stakeholder engagement for sustainability : a mixed method study of corporate strategies and engagement outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Katherine W

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation contributes to our understanding of the strategies the companies use to engage external stakeholders, as well as the processes and outcomes of engagement. The first essay proposes a framework for evaluating ...

  7. Title: Imputation techniques for incomplete radiographic outcome in rheumatoid arthritis randomized trials: a simulation study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samson, Adeline

    , INSERM U738, Groupe Hospitalier Bichat-Claude Bernard, 46 rue Henri Huchard, 75018 Paris, France. Tel for the management of RA in controlled trials (4, 5) and the radiographic outcome is often used as a primary endpoint

  8. January 25, 2008/ARR 1 Heat and Mass Transfer in Fusion Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffray, A. René

    January 25, 2008/ARR 1 Heat and Mass Transfer in Fusion Energy Applications: from the "Very Cold, CA January 25, 2008 #12;January 25, 2008/ARR 2 Unique Set of Conditions Associated with Fusion · Realization of fusion energy imposes considerable challenges in the areas of engineering, physics and material

  9. Bet and Energy -From Load Forecasting to Demand Response in a Web of Things

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beigl, Michael

    Bet and Energy - From Load Forecasting to Demand Response in a Web of Things Yong Ding TECO (DSM) [7, 19]. Within DSM, mainly two principal activities i.e. load shifting (demand response programs) and load reduction (energy efficiency and conser- vation programs) can be realized [4]. 1.1 Demand Response

  10. Seeing the court: investigating outcomes, processes and perspectives in basketball as a positive youth development context 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrist, Christopher J.

    2010-07-14

    . Without your steady hand and unconditional love the picture we see today would appear much different. viii NOMENCLATURE CBAS Coaching Behavior Assessment System CES Coach Efficacy Scale GOAL Going for the Goal OST Out-of-School Time P-E Person... from coach interviews served as a comparison guide for identified outcomes and the methods employed to achieve those outcomes. This study was guided by ecological systems theory (i.e., how the environment created by the coach affects player...

  11. Use of Oriented Crystals at High-Energy Accelerators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kotov, V.I.; Afonin, A.G.; Baranov, V.T.; Biryukov, V.M.; Ivanov, Yu.M.; Kardash, A.A.; Maisheev, V.A.; Terekhov, V.I.; Troyanov, E.F.; Fedotov, Yu.S.; Chepegin, V.N.; Chesnokov, Yu.A.

    2005-06-01

    The application of bent crystals for extracting accelerated beams from high-energy accelerators is reviewed. The results of realizing highly efficient extraction of protons from the IHEP accelerator are presented. Proposals on using oriented crystals for designing efficient positron sources at linear colliders and on developing new undulators are discussed.

  12. NORTHEASTOHIONEWS www .GreenEnergyOhio .org | 9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Philip L.

    on the roof should be replaced. The solar panels were dismounted while this work took place. The first chart shining from a crystal-clear sky, only to realize that the foot of snow that envelops the solar panels has for solar energy in Northeast Ohio. Homeowners or businesses who put solar panels on their roofs can

  13. Habitability and energy performance of earth sheltered dwellings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyer, L.L.; Grondzik, W.T.

    1980-12-01

    The High Plains region of the central United States has become host to an emerging dwelling concept which incorporates the use of earth shelter technologies. Traditionally, inhabitants of this region have been sensitized to the need for windstorm protection. More recently, dramatic potentials for energy savings have served as a strong secondary inducement to the exploration of earth sheltered housing as an energy alternative. Habitability and passive energy design of earth sheltered structures are key focal elements being investigated at Oklahoma State University. Habitability aspects have received little treatment elsewhere, and existing passive energy design strategies have generally not considered the passive cooling benefits of earth sheltered construction. Extended questionnaires were used to obtain earth sheltered occupant responses to both habitability and energy design aspects including measured energy usage. Preliminary analysis has been completed on about 80 (eighty) projects in the State of Oklahoma, and the study is being extended to 8 (eight) additional surrounding states. Initial results indicate that occupants are generally satisfied with such attributes as structural safety, thermal comfort, and acoustical environment; but have some reservations concerning daylighting, site design, and energy design and performance. Energy usage patterns tend to indicate that, in fact, sizeable savings are being realized by owners of current generation earth shelters. However, it is anticipated that with optimized passive systems design, the presently realized savings could be further increased by perhaps a factor of two. An appropriate design balance must be realized between passive heating and passive cooling needs.

  14. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2010 Fuel Cell Project Kick-off Dr. Dimitrios, 2010September 28, 2010 #12;Administration's Clean Energy Goals Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012

  15. Carolinas Energy Career Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Classens, Anver; Hooper, Dick; Johnson, Bruce

    2013-03-31

    Central Piedmont Community College (CPCC), located in Charlotte, North Carolina, established the Carolinas Energy Career Center (Center) - a comprehensive training entity to meet the dynamic needs of the Charlotte region's energy workforce. The Center provides training for high-demand careers in both conventional energy (fossil) and renewable energy (nuclear and solar technologies/energy efficiency). CPCC completed four tasks that will position the Center as a leading resource for energy career training in the Southeast: • Development and Pilot of a New Advanced Welding Curriculum, • Program Enhancement of Non-Destructive Examination (NDE) Technology, • Student Support through implementation of a model targeted toward Energy and STEM Careers to support student learning, • Project Management and Reporting. As a result of DOE funding support, CPCC achieved the following outcomes: • Increased capacity to serve and train students in emerging energy industry careers; • Developed new courses and curricula to support emerging energy industry careers; • Established new training/laboratory resources; • Generated a pool of highly qualified, technically skilled workers to support the growing energy industry sector.

  16. Using EnergyPlus to Simulate the Dynamic Response of a Residential Building to Advanced Cooling Strategies: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booten, C.; Tabares-Velasco, P. C.

    2012-08-01

    This study demonstrates the ability of EnergyPlus to accurately model complex cooling strategies in a real home with a goal of shifting energy use off peak and realizing energy savings. The house was retrofitted through the Sacramento Municipal Utility District's (SMUD) deep energy retrofit demonstration program; field tests were operated by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The experimental data were collected as part of a larger study and are used here to validate simulation predictions.

  17. ArgonCube: a novel, fully-modular approach for the realization of large-mass liquid argon TPC neutrino detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsler, C; Asaadi, J; Auger, M; Barbato, F; Bay, F; Bishai, M; Bleiner, D; Borgschulte, A; Bremer, J; Cavus, E; Chen, H; De Geronimo, G; Ereditato, A; Fleming, B; Goldi, D; Hanni, R; Kose, U; Kreslo, I; La Mattina, F; Lanni, F; Lissauer, D; Luthi, M; Lutz, P; Marchionni, A; Mladenov, D; Nessi, M; Noto, F; Palamara, O; Raaf, J L; Radeka, V; Rudolph Von Rohr, Ch; Smargianaki, D; Soderberg, M; Strauss, Th; Weber, M; Yu, B; Zeller, G P; Zeyrek, M; CERN. Geneva. SPS and PS Experiments Committee; SPSC

    2015-01-01

    The Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber is a prime candidate detector for future neutrino oscillation physics experiments, underground neutrino observatories and proton decay searches. A large international project based on this technology is currently being considered at the future LBNF facility in the United States on the very large mass scale of 40 kton. In this document, following the long standing R&D work conducted over the last years in several laboratories in Europe and in the United States, we intend to propose a novel Liquid Argon TPC approach based on a fully-modular, innovative design, the ArgonCube. The related R&D work will proceed along two main directions; one aimed at on the assessment of the proposed modular detector design, the other on the exploitation of new signal readout methods. Such a strategy will provide high performance while being cost-effective and robust at the same time. According to our plans, we will firstly realize a detector prototype hosted in a cryostat that is a...

  18. Photonic glass-ceramics: consolidated outcomes and prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boulard, Brigitte; ?ukowiak, Anna; Bouajaj, Adel; Gonçalves, Rogéria Rocha; Chiappini, Andrea; Chiasera, Alessandro; Blanc, Wilfried; Duran, Alicia; Turrell, Sylvia; Prudenzano, Francesco; Scotognella, Francesco; Ramponi, Roberta; Marciniak, Marian; Righini, Giancarlo; Ferrari, Maurizio

    2015-01-01

    Transparent glass-ceramics are nanocomposite materials which offer specific characteristics of capital importance in photonics. This kind of two-phase materials is constituted by nanocrystals embedded in a glass matrix and the respective composition and volume fractions of crystalline and amorphous phase determine the properties of the glass-ceramic. Among these properties transparency is crucial, in particular when confined structures, such as dielectric optical waveguides and optical fibers, are considered, and the number of papers devoted to this topic is continuously increasing. Another important point is the role of the nanocrystals when activated by luminescent species, as rare earth ions, and their effect on the spectroscopic properties of the glass-ceramic. The presence of the crystalline environment around the rare earth ion allows high absorption and emission cross sections, reduction of the non-radiative relaxation thanks to the lower phonon cutoff energy, and tailoring of the ion-ion interaction b...

  19. Energy efficiency opportunities in China. Industrial equipment and small cogeneration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-02-01

    A quick glance at comparative statistics on energy consumption per unit of industrial output reveals that China is one of the least energy efficient countries in the world. Energy waste not only impedes economic growth, but also creates pollution that threatens human health, regional ecosystems, and the global climate. China`s decision to pursue economic reform and encourage technology transfer from developed countries has created a window of opportunity for significant advances in energy efficiency. Policy changes, technical training, public education, and financing can help China realize its energy conservation potential.

  20. Energy storage systems program report for FY97

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, P.C.

    1998-08-01

    Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico, conducts the Energy Storage Systems Program, which is sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Utility Technologies. The goal of this program is to collaborate with industry in developing cost-effective electric energy storage systems for many high-value stationary applications. Sandia National Laboratories is responsible for the engineering analyses, contracted development, and testing of energy storage components and systems. This report details the technical achievements realized during fiscal year 1997. 46 figs., 20 tabs.

  1. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    o nergy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Efficiency and Renewable Energy United States Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 18th W rld Hydrogen E Presidential Priorities Energy efficiency and renewable energy research development andEnergy efficiency

  2. Realizing Low Power FPGAs: A Design Partitioning Algorithm for Voltage Scaling and A Comparative Evaluation of Voltage Scaling Techniques for FPGAs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

    switchboxes, FPGAs are less energy efficient than ASICs [1]. An experimental study comparing the energy reliability due to excessive heat generation (due to high power) is a concern, power improvement in FPGAs that dual-Vdd achieves more power reduction than by Vdd scaling (i.e. adjusting the supply voltage level

  3. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Dr. Sunita Energy efficiency and renewable energy research, development, and deployment activities help the Nation Presidential Priorities Economic · Create green jobs through Recovery Act energy projects · Double renewable

  4. Transient particle energies in shortcuts to adiabatic expansions of harmonic traps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang-Yang Cui; Xi Chen; J. G. Muga

    2015-05-12

    The expansion of a harmonic potential that holds a quantum particle may be realized without any final particle excitation but much faster than adiabatically via "shortcuts to adiabaticity" (STA). While ideally the process time can be reduced to zero, practical limitations and constraints impose minimal finite times for the externally controlled time-dependent frequency protocols. We examine the role of different time-averaged energies (total, kinetic, potential, non-adiabatic) and of the instantaneous power in characterizing or selecting different protocols.Specifically, we prove a virial theorem for STA processes, set minimal energies for specific times or viceversa, and discuss their realizability by means of Dirac impulses or otherwise.

  5. MaDE students will learn all aspects of product realization from product design to manufacturing technologies and operations. Through hands-on experience, the program will provide students with the ability to integrate various design and manufacturing pro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    prototyping technology into mainstream manufacturing processes 3. Training a workforce to use lean designMaDE students will learn all aspects of product realization from product design to manufacturing to integrate various design and manufacturing processes into an effective system. Information Technology HOW

  6. Department of Energy Bonneville Power Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Department of Energy Bonneville Power Administration P.O. Box 3621 Portland, Oregon 97208 and strategically focused outcome from future project solicitations. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA Power and Conservation Council 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Portland, OR 97204-1348 Dear Chairman

  7. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Energy Overview & A Perspective on Fuel Cell Technologies Dr; Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012 Invest $150 billion over ten years in energy R&D to transition$Thousands Budget History Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Budget History FY2004-FY2011 (requested) U

  8. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Richard Farmer Hydrogen Business Council September 14, 2010 #12; Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012 Invest $150

  9. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy AUGUST 2010 2009 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT EXECUTIVE (Berkeley Lab) Kevin Porter and Sari Fink (Exeter Associates) Suzanne Tegen (National Renewable Energy

  10. Decreased expression of RNA interference machinery, Dicer and Drosha, is associated with poor outcome in ovarian cancer patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merritt, William M.

    2009-01-01

    Molecular determinants of ovarian cancer plasticity. Am Jsmall interfering RNA on ovarian cancer cell growth. Journalwith Poor Outcome in Ovarian Cancer Patients William M.

  11. Low Energy Nuclear Reactions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CERN. Geneva; Faccini, R.

    2014-01-01

    After an introduction to the controversial problem of Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) catalyzed by neutrons on metallic hydride surfaces we present the results of an experiment, made in collaboration with ENEA Labs in Frascati, to search neutrons from plasma discharges in electrolytic cells. The negative outcome of our experiment goes in the direction of ruling out those theoretical models expecting LENR to occur in condensed matter systems under specific conditions. Our criticism on the theoretical foundations of such models will also be presented.

  12. INORGANIC NANOPARTICLES AS PHASE-CHANGE MATERIALS FOR LARGE-SCALE THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    INORGANIC NANOPARTICLES AS PHASE-CHANGE MATERIALS FOR LARGE- SCALE THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE Miroslaw storage performance. The expected immediate outcome of this effort is the demonstration of high-energy generation at high efficiency could revolutionize the development of solar energy. Nanoparticle-based phase

  13. Modeling overall energy consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamyabpour, Najmeh

    2011-01-01

    Minimizing the energy consumption of a wireless sensor network application is crucial for effective realization of the intended application in terms of cost, lifetime, and functionality. However, the minimizing task is hardly possible as no overall energy cost function is available for optimization. Optimizing a specific component of the total energy cost does not help in reducing the total energy cost as this reduction may be negated by an increase in the energy consumption of other components of the application. Recently we proposed Hierarchy Energy Driven Architecture as a robust architecture that takes into account all principal energy constituents of wireless sensor network applications. Based on the proposed architecture, this paper presents a single overall model and proposes a feasible formulation to express the overall energy consumption of a generic wireless sensor network application in terms of its energy constituents. The formulation offers a concrete expression for evaluating the performance of ...

  14. Timevarying coe#cient models for the analysis of air pollution and health outcome data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bath, University of

    Time­varying coe#cient models for the analysis of air pollution and health outcome data Duncan Lee and Gavin Shaddick Abstract In this paper, a time­varying coe#cient model is developed for air pollution and mortality data, which allows for an interaction between the e#ect of air pollution and time. Such temporal e

  15. ABET Criterion 3: Outcomes Met By Course Content Course #: 474 Title: Water and Landscape Engineering Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    ABET Criterion 3: Outcomes Met By Course Content Course #: 474 Title: Water and Landscape Proposed Action 1. Learn fundamental concepts of water storage and movement through soil, the basic processes affecting water movement, how to evaluate components of the soil-water budget, and techniques

  16. Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation 2008 Abstract According to the Coase theorem, if property rights to pollute are clearly established;1 Introduction Market-based pollution permit trading programs have moved to the front and center of industrial

  17. Spring Term 2010 Assessment Report Page 1 Spring Term 2010: Assessment of the Learning Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    focused on the student learning experience, particularly the teaching methods employed in #12;Spring Term carries many aspects with it, but our main focus has always been on our central learning objectiveSpring Term 2010 Assessment Report Page 1 Spring Term 2010: Assessment of the Learning Outcomes

  18. `DIGGING UP SWAFFHAM BULBECK' A REPORT ON THE SOCIAL OUTCOMES OF A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page 1 `DIGGING UP SWAFFHAM BULBECK' ­ A REPORT ON THE SOCIAL OUTCOMES OF A COMMUNITY EXCAVATION. INTRODUCTION From the 12th to the 14th June 2012 a three-day archaeological dig was carried out in Swaffham within the University of Cambridge, which aims to promote well-being through participation

  19. Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation May 2012 Abstract Standard economic theory predicts that if property rights to pollute are clearly. email: fowlie@berkeley.edu #12;1 Introduction Market-based pollution permit trading programs have moved

  20. Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlie, Meredith

    Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation September 2012 Abstract Standard economic theory predicts that if property rights to pollute are clearly-based pollution permit trading programs have moved to the forefront of industrial environmental regulation

  1. Predicting Uncertain Outcomes Using Information Markets Yiling Chen Tracy Mullen Chao-Hsien Chu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullen, Tracy

    Predicting Uncertain Outcomes Using Information Markets Yiling Chen Tracy Mullen Chao-Hsien Chu School of Information Sciences and Technology The Pennsylvania State University University Park, 16802 {ychen,tmullen,chu}@ist.psu.edu Abstract In this paper, information markets are introduced as a promising

  2. Title: Predictors of 6-months clinical poor outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Title: Predictors of 6-months clinical poor outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve.acvd.2013.10.005 #12;2 Abstract Background: Patients' selection for transcatheter aortic valve implantation institution with a transcatheter-implanted aortic valve were prospectively followed. Our population

  3. Selection of latent variables for multiple mixed-outcome LING ZHOU, HUAZHEN LIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yi

    Survey, a global research project that explores peoples' values and beliefs and the social and personal outcomes, latent variables represent theoretical concepts or constructs that cannot be directly assessed's statistical properties. We propose a new penalized pseudo-likelihood method that selects latent variables

  4. Outcomes/Impacts Three-hundred and eight-seven (387) citizens participated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    Outcomes/Impacts · Three-hundred and eight-seven (387) citizens participated in a Strawberry Cultivar Taste Test at the Starke Strawberry Festival. The Bradford County Extension Strawberry Taste Test. Teresia Nyoike, monitored strawberry and other berry crops in Bradford County for the new, threatening

  5. Nuclear Engineering & Radiation Health Physics Program Outcomes Ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    Nuclear Engineering & Radiation Health Physics Program Outcomes · Ability to apply knowledge for engineering practice · Ability to apply knowledge of atomic and nuclear physics to nuclear and radiological to nuclear and radiation processes · Ability to measure nuclear and radiation processes · Ability to work

  6. Utility theory U: O-> R (utility maps from outcomes to a real number)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Vicki H.

    9/22/2010 1 Utility theory U: O-> R (utility maps from outcomes to a real number) represents the attitude about risk by mapping the value to a utility. Decreasing marginal utility · Typically, at some point, having an extra dollar does not make people much happier (decreasing marginal utility). Marginal

  7. [Last updated 6-4-13] Recommended Criteria and Essential Learning Outcomes for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    focus, with a minimum of 25 hours of project-based community engagement by each student in the course. 2 for All Service-Learning Courses 1) Include assessment criteria for student learning as well as assessment[Last updated 6-4-13] Recommended Criteria and Essential Learning Outcomes for Service-Learning

  8. ED-LTCY 203 Film and Contemporary Issues in Education: University Learning Outcome 11 Social Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    ED-LTCY 203 Film and Contemporary Issues in Education: University Learning Outcome 11 ­ Social as demonstrated through a variety of written assignments and oral discussion activities Example Assignment: Film or theme in one or more of the films they have viewed in the semester. Students are encouraged you to use

  9. Individual aggressiveness in the crab Chasmagnathus: Influence in fight outcome and modulation by serotonin and octopamine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Individual aggressiveness in the crab Chasmagnathus: Influence in fight outcome and modulation form 8 June 2010 Accepted 21 July 2010 Keywords: Aggressiveness Fight Serotonin Octopamine Crab stable over successive encounters but no evidence of escalation was revealed through fights. Here, we

  10. Learning Outcomes and Assessment for the Ph.D. program in Applied Physics Learning Goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    Advanced Laboratory course has a requirement to write lab reports in standard journal (Physical Review their A-exams. The successful completion of the Responsible Conduct of Research unit online is required(s) · Generate publishable advances in an area of applied physics Learning outcome 4: Demonstrate a commitment

  11. SUDS Ponds in Scotland Performance Outcomes to Date Institute of Ecology & Resource Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 SUDS Ponds in Scotland ­ Performance Outcomes to Date KATE HEAL Institute of Ecology & Resource quality. This paper presents results for various aspects of the performance of SUDS ponds which have been Programme, a collaborative research effort. A SUDS pond is also defined as a retention basin with permanent

  12. IT STANDARDS CHOICES AND INDUSTRY STRUCTURE OUTCOMES: THE CASE OF THE UNITED STATES HOME MORTGAGE INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinfield, Charles

    applicable to many industries. This paper explores the potential industry structure effects of verticalIT STANDARDS CHOICES AND INDUSTRY STRUCTURE OUTCOMES: THE CASE OF THE UNITED STATES HOME MORTGAGE INDUSTRY Rolf T. Wigand Maulden-Entergy Chair and Distinguished Professor of Information Science

  13. Outcomes Assessment and Program Improvement Ph.D. in Business Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    Outcomes Assessment and Program Improvement Ph.D. in Business Administration SECTION 1 ­ PAST Administration in April 2004 and is still in use today. SECTION 2 ­ REVISED ASSESSMENT PLAN 1. Plan Development Process The department assessment plan was derived from the work of the Business Administration Graduate

  14. LEARNING FROM DAM REMOVAL MONITORING: CHALLENGES TO SELECTING EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND ESTABLISHING SIGNIFICANCE OF OUTCOMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    LEARNING FROM DAM REMOVAL MONITORING: CHALLENGES TO SELECTING EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND ESTABLISHING, California, USA ABSTRACT As the decommissioning of dams becomes a common restoration technique, decisions about dam removals must be based on sound predictions of expected outcomes. Results of past and ongoing

  15. Outcomes Assessment and Program Improvement Master of Science in Technology Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    Outcomes Assessment and Program Improvement Master of Science in Technology Management SECTION 1 ­ PAST ASSESSMENT RESULTS The M.S. Technology Management is a new program. The first cohort began in fall conceived Master of Science in Technology Management Program. As part of the campus approval process for new

  16. Prediction of Breast Cancer Biopsy Outcomes Using a Distributed Genetic Programming Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludwig, Simone

    Prediction of Breast Cancer Biopsy Outcomes Using a Distributed Genetic Programming Approach Simone@cs.usask.ca ABSTRACT Worldwide, breast cancer is the second most common type of can- cer after lung cancer and the fifth most common cause of cancer death. In 2004, breast cancer caused 519,000 deaths worldwide

  17. EXPLORATION OF PREHOSPITAL VITAL SIGN TRENDS FOR THE PREDICTION OF TRAUMA OUTCOMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EXPLORATION OF PREHOSPITAL VITAL SIGN TRENDS FOR THE PREDICTION OF TRAUMA OUTCOMES Liangyou Chen whether there are diagnostically useful temporal trends in prehospital vital signs of trauma patients. Methods. Vital signs were monitored during trans- port to a level I trauma center and electronically

  18. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Dr. Sunita of Energy Military Energy and Alternative Fuels Conference March 17-18, 2010 San Diego, CA #12;2 1. Overview;3 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource Diversity Fuel cells offer

  19. Gulf Coast Clean Energy Application Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dillingham, Gavin

    2013-09-30

    The Gulf Coast Clean Energy Application Center was initiated to significantly improve market and regulatory conditions for the implementation of combined heat and power technologies. The GC CEAC was responsible for the development of CHP in Texas, Louisiana and Oklahoma. Through this program we employed a variety of outreach and education techniques, developed and deployed assessment tools and conducted market assessments. These efforts resulted in the growth of the combined heat and power market in the Gulf Coast region with a realization of more efficient energy generation, reduced emissions and a more resilient infrastructure. Specific t research, we did not formally investigate any techniques with any formal research design or methodology.

  20. Converting urban tree maintenance residue to energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphey, W.K.; Massey, J.G.; Sumrall, A.

    1980-01-01

    Three methods of utilizing urban wood waste collected by a tree maintenance firm in Houston, Texas (handling 30,000 ton waste/year) are examined: (a) hauling to a remote landfill; (b) chipping and hauling to a (local) power plant and converting to electricity; and (c) chipping and selling to an outside firm for use as boiler fuel. Breakdown of costs are given for each method in monetary and energy terms. Method (b) was the cheapest, producing a net energy gain (870 million Btu/day), but the firm chose method (c), since it realized a direct monetary return.

  1. Essays on Trade, Infrastructure, and Human Capital Outcomes in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panda, Pallavi

    2015-01-01

    predominantly oil and energy exports are not able to reapfor over 90% of the exports - energy-related products,

  2. Image-Guided Techniques Improve the Short-term Outcome of Autologous Osteochondral Cartilage Repair Surgeries -An

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, James

    Image-Guided Techniques Improve the Short-term Outcome of Autologous Osteochondral Cartilage Repair and deliver osteochondral grafts remains problematic. We investigated whether image-guided methods (optically-guided and template-guided) can improve the outcome of mo- saic arthroplasty procedures. Methods: Fifteen sheep were

  3. ABET Criterion 3: Outcomes Met By Course Content This brief content assessment should be consistent with the updated Course Syllabet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    , 2007 Instructor: K.G. Gebremedhin Identify the outcomes associated with this course. Place a "P" or "S.: BEE 3310 Semester: F, 2007 Name of Instructor: K.G. Gebremedhin Course Outcomes Specific to Course ____________________________ Instructor: ____ K.G. Gebremedhin___________________________________ Semester: ____Fall, 2007

  4. Outcomes-based Education at Philadelphia University A Paper written for the National Conference for the Development of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Outcomes-based Education at Philadelphia University A Paper written for the National Conference. Awwad Vice President for Academic Affairs Philadelphia University, Jordan Abstract of this paper will be on the theory and practice of outcomes-based education at Philadelphia University (PU

  5. Renewable Energy Laboratory for Lighting Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dumitru Cristian; Gligor Adrian

    2010-02-23

    Nowadays, the electric lighting is an important part of our lives and also represents a significant part of the electric power consumption. Alternative solutions such as renewable energy applied in this domain are thus welcomed. This paper presents a workstation conceived for the study of photovoltaic solar energy for lighting systems by students of power engineering and civil engineering faculty. The proposed system is realized to study the generated photovoltaic solar energy parameters for lighting systems. For an easier way to study the most relevant parameters virtual instrumentation is implemented. National Instruments LabWindows CVI environment is used as a platform for virtual instrumentation. For future developments remote communication feature intends to be added on which currently remote monitoring of solar photovoltaic energy and electric energy parameters are monitored.

  6. Renewable Energy Laboratory for Lighting Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristian, Dumitru

    2010-01-01

    Nowadays, the electric lighting is an important part of our lives and also represents a significant part of the electric power consumption. Alternative solutions such as renewable energy applied in this domain are thus welcomed. This paper presents a workstation conceived for the study of photovoltaic solar energy for lighting systems by students of power engineering and civil engineering faculty. The proposed system is realized to study the generated photovoltaic solar energy parameters for lighting systems. For an easier way to study the most relevant parameters virtual instrumentation is implemented. National Instruments LabWindows CVI environment is used as a platform for virtual instrumentation. For future developments remote communication feature intends to be added on which currently remote monitoring of solar photovoltaic energy and electric energy parameters are monitored.

  7. International Clean Energy Coalition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erin Skootsky; Matt Gardner; Bevan Flansburgh

    2010-09-28

    In 2003, the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) and National Energy Technology Laboratories (NETL) collaboratively established the International Clean Energy Coalition (ICEC). The coalition consisting of energy policy-makers, technologists, and financial institutions was designed to assist developing countries in forming and supporting local approaches to greenhouse gas mitigation within the energy sector. ICEC's work focused on capacity building and clean energy deployment in countries that rely heavily on fossil-based electric generation. Under ICEC, the coalition formed a steering committee consisting of NARUC members and held a series of meetings to develop and manage the workplan and define successful outcomes for the projects. ICEC identified India as a target country for their work and completed a country assessment that helped ICEC build a framework for discussion with Indian energy decisionmakers including two follow-on in-country workshops. As of the conclusion of the project in 2010, ICEC had also conducted outreach activities conducted during United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Ninth Conference of Parties (COP 9) and COP 10. The broad goal of this project was to develop a coalition of decision-makers, technologists, and financial institutions to assist developing countries in implementing affordable, effective and resource appropriate technology and policy strategies to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Project goals were met through international forums, a country assessment, and in-country workshops. This project focused on countries that rely heavily on fossil-based electric generation.

  8. Phenomena of spin rotation and oscillation of particles (atoms, molecules) containing in a trap blowing on by wind of high energy particles in storage ring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Baryshevsky

    2002-02-14

    Spin rotation and oscillation phenomena of particles captured in a gas target through which beam of high energy particles passes is discussed. Such experiment arrangement make it realizable for storage ring and allows to study zero-angle scattering amplitude at highest possible energies.

  9. Anton Filatov Upload Date: 3/30/2012 First Use Date: February 2012 Taught by: Fellow Types of Energy Lesson Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) various everyday objects that are examples of energy being used. Underneath the pictures, provide of Energy Lesson Plan Science Standards Addressed CDE Standard 1 ­ Physical Science 4th grade: Outcome a &c: a). Identify and describe the variety of energy sources c). Describe the energy transformation

  10. Energy Information Administration - Energy Efficiency, energy...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Efficiency Energy Efficiency energy consumption savings households, buildings, industry & vehicles The Energy Efficiency Page reflects EIA's information on energy efficiency and...

  11. Bi-maximal mixing at GUT, the low energy data and the leptogenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Kanemura; K. Matsuda; H. Nakano; T. Ota; T. Shindou; E. Takasugi; K. Tsumura

    2004-11-18

    In the framework of the minimum supersymmetric model with right-handed neutrinos, we consider the Bi-maximal mixing which is realized at the GUT scale and discuss a question that this model can reproduce the low energy phenomena and the leptogenesis.

  12. Schedulability and Energy Efficiency for Multi-core Hierarchical Scheduling Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, Alexandre

    on a multi- core platform. The framework is realized using Parameterized Stopwatch Automata describing knowledge, our paper is the first one considering hierarchical scheduling, multi-core platforms and energy-time systems. Within the industrial domains of avionics and automotive, the safe composition of several

  13. Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 13881391 Bifacial configurations for CdTe solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romeo, Alessandro

    2007-01-01

    Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 1388­1391 Bifacial configurations for CdTe solar We present a different back contact for CdTe solar cell by the application of only a transparent that acts as a free-Cu stable back contact and at the same time allows to realize bifacial CdTe solar cells

  14. Communicating Outcomes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supercinski, Danielle

    2005-01-01

    irrigation and in addressing community water needs. Other partners who also received this award were B. L. Harris, Sterling Grogan, Gary Esslinger, and Subas Shah. The RGBI is a joint project involving NMSU and The Texas A&M University System agencies.... For conference presentations and reports, go to: http://riogrande.tamu.edu. (From left to right) Leeann DeMouche, Bill Harris, Craig Runyan, and Gary Esslinger were all present to receive the RGBI Team Award for their collaborative efforts in water...

  15. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Dr. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program DOE-DOD MOU Workshop September 30, 2010 #12;2 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource Diversity

  16. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Audience/Event Date EERE Fuel Cell Technologies Program Sunita Satyapal Acting Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program Fuel Cell Project Kickoff September 30, 2009 #12;2 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource

  17. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program Sunita SatyapalSunita SatyapalSeptember 24, 2009 *On detail #12;2 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource DiversityEnergy Efficiency and Resource Diversity Fuel cells offer a highly efficient way to use diverse

  18. Matter & Energy Solar Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    See Also: Matter & Energy Solar Energy· Electronics· Materials Science· Earth & Climate Energy at the University of Illinois, the future of solar energy just got brighter. Although silicon is the industry Electronics Over 1.2 Million Electronics Parts, Components and Equipment. www.AlliedElec.com solar energy

  19. Adverse reproductive outcomes in families of atomic veterans: The feasibility of epidemiologic studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-12-31

    This is an outstanding report from a distinguished academy committee, which in 71 pages of text provides the scientific basis for the carefully crafted 8-page executive summary. The principles and issues of the required epidemiological study are presented calmly and concisely, as are the ensuing short chapters on radiation biology, genetics and risk estimation, and all other adverse reproductive outcomes. The committee was mandated by Congress to determine the feasibility, cost and duration of a study on adverse reproductive outcomes in families of atomic veteran. The committee found that a scientifically adequate and epidemiologically valid study could not be mounted and the cost would be tens of millions of dollars lasting a decade. The Committee presents a number of well-discussed approaches in support of their position.

  20. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Source: US DOE 10/2010 Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies ­ Upcoming Workshops & Solicitations Source: US DOE 10/2010 2 #12; Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012

  1. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2009 FUEL CELL MARKET REPORT NOVEMBER 2010 #12;Authors-Jerram of Fuel Cell Today Consulting, Rachel Gelman of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Jennifer Gangi

  2. Predictors and outcome impact of perioperative serum sodium changes in a high risk population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klinck, J.; McNeill, L.; Di Angelantonio, E.; Menon, D.

    2014-01-01

    Statistical analysis Summary statistics were computed for baseline characteristics and outcomes of the cohort. Hospital admissions were fitted in a multivariate logistic regression model to investigate the association between maximum change in sodium... drugs, selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors, proton pump inhibitors, narcotics and numerous others.34-38 However, we suggest that when a cause is not apparent any abnormality found before major elective surgery should be investigated...

  3. MAE SPECIFIC PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL COURSE REQUIREMENTS ME Specific AE Specifi Eng Eng Abet Outcomes Criteria Criteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    those courses marked AERO. Eng Eng Abet Outcomes Criteria Criteria Course No. Course Title Primary MAE 4733 Mechatronics Design MAE 3113, 3403 X 1 2 X X X X X X X X X X X MAE 4223 Aero Engr Lab AE reqt Projects MAE 3113, 3323 X X 4 0 X X X X X X X X X X X X MAE 4354 Aero Systems Design ME MAE 3113, 3323

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 25, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2010 1865 Impact of Energy Efficiency Incentives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 25, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2010 1865 Impact of Energy Efficiency the implementation of energy efficiency poli- cies on the power distribution sector. To assess the outcome different energy efficiency levels required by the regulator. The results reveal that the introduction

  5. Targeted Efficiency: Using Customer Meter Data to Improve Efficiency Program Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgeson, Samuel Dalton

    2013-01-01

    usage accessible via daily energy data Names and de?nitions1.0. [61] Audrey Lee. Energy data center brie?ng paper.08-12-009 Phase III Energy Data Center. Technical report,

  6. The Convergence of Mind, Body, and Culture: Cultural Competency Training Outcomes in the Health Professions and the Case Study of the Hmong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Kelsey

    2002-01-01

    Programs in the Health Professions. Medical Teacher, 1992.Outcomes in the Health Professions and the Case Study of theTraining Outcomes in the Health Professions: A Review of the

  7. Technology Assessment: NREL Provides Know-How for Highly Energy-Efficient Data Centers (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-05-01

    NREL leads the effort to change how energy is used worldwide by helping identify and eliminate barriers to energy efficiency and clean energy technology deployment. The laboratory takes a portfolio approach that explores the full range of technology options for developing and implementing innovative energy performance solutions. The Research Support Facility (RSF) data center is a prime example of NREL's capabilities and expertise in energy efficiency. But, more important, its features can be replicated. NREL provides custom technical assistance and training for improved data center performance to help our customers realize cost savings.

  8. Solar Energy Windows and Smart IR Switchable Building Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarny, James; Kornish, Brian

    2011-09-30

    The three building envelope functions with the largest impact on the energy usage are illumination, energy flux and energy production. In general, these three functions are addressed separately in the building design. A step change toward a zero-energy building can be achieved with a glazing system that combines these three functions and their control into a single unit. In particular, significant value could be realized if illumination into the building is dynamically controlled such that it occurs during periods of low load on the grid (e.g., morning) to augment illumination supplied by interior lights and then to have that same light diverted to PV energy production and the thermal energy rejected during periods of high load on the grid. The objective of this project is to investigate the feasibility of a glazing unit design that integrates these three key functions (illumination and energy flux control, and power production) into a single module.

  9. Sustainable Energy Energies renouvelables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    1 Cours de Sustainable Energy Energies renouvelables en Belgique Avril 2015 Dr. Ir. Raoul NIHART'énergie de stock » · Notion « d'énergie de flux » #12;4 Pourquoi les SER ? (SER = Sources d'Energie,1 % Structure de la production à partir d'Energies Renouvelables dans le monde en 2012 Source : EDF Géothermie 1

  10. Energy Conservation Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delgado, Mauricio

    Energy Conservation Renewable Energy The Future at Rutgers University Facilities & Capital Planning Operations & Services Utilities Operations 6 Berrue Circle Piscataway, NJ 08854 #12;Energy Conservation Wh C ti ? R bl EWhy Conservation? Renewable Energy · Climate control reduces green house gases · Reduces

  11. Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop: Report of Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruth, M.; Antkowiak, M.; Gossett, S.

    2011-12-01

    Two of the major challenges the U.S. energy sector faces are greenhouse gas emissions and oil that is both imported and potentially reaching a peak (the point at which maximum extraction is reached). Interest in development of both renewable and nuclear energy has been strong because both have potential for overcoming these challenges. Research in both energy sources is ongoing, but relatively little research has focused on the potential benefits of combining nuclear and renewable energy. In September 2011, the Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis (JISEA) convened the Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to identify potential synergies and strategic leveraging opportunities between nuclear energy and renewable energy. Industry, government, and academic thought leaders gathered to identify potential broad categories of synergies and brainstorm topic areas for additional analysis and research and development (R&D). This report records the proceedings and outcomes of the workshop.

  12. A Prospective Longitudinal Investigation of Effects of Nonparental Social Support on Early Adolescents' Academic Achievement and Academic Outcomes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Chiharu S.

    2010-01-16

    the effect of the availability of significant nonparental adult support as well as the effect of learning and affective support on students' academic achievement (reading and math) and academic outcomes (academic competence beliefs, classroom engagement...

  13. Competitive outcomes between two exotic invaders are modified by direct and indirect effects of a native conifer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aschehoug, Erik

    species and did not alter com- petitive outcomes. Pinus litter and litter leachate inhibited both species litter leachate were also strong and leachate eliminated the competitive effect of Centaurea on Bromus

  14. WP04 Labour's Record on the Under Fives: Policy, Spending and Outcomes 1997 -2010 Labour's Record on the Under Fives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    , particularly their impact on the distribution of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference and assessing their impact on the distribution of outcomes and on poverty and inequality particularly .....................................................................................................7 Reducing income poverty

  15. Use of Crystals for High Energy Photon Beam Linear Polarization Conversion into Circular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Z. Akopov; A. B. Apyan; S. M. Darbinyan

    2000-02-17

    The possibility to convert the photon beam linear polarization into circular one at photon energies of hundreds GeV with the use of crystals is considered. The energy and orientation dependencies of refractive indexes are investigated in case of diamond, silicon and germanium crystal targets. To maximize the values for figure of merit, the corresponding crystal optimal orientation angles and thickness are found. The degree of circular polarization and intensity of photon beam are estimated and possibility of experimental realization is discussed.

  16. Conception and realization of a parallel-plate free-air ionization chamber for the absolute dosimetry of an ultrasoft X-ray beam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groetz, J.-E., E-mail: jegroetz@univ-fcomte.fr; Mavon, C.; Fromm, M. [Laboratoire Chrono-Environnement, UMR CNRS 6249, Université de Franche-Comté, 16 route de Gray, 25030 Besançon Cedex (France); Ounoughi, N. [Laboratoire Chrono-Environnement, UMR CNRS 6249, Université de Franche-Comté, 16 route de Gray, 25030 Besançon Cedex (France); Laboratoire de Physique des Rayonnements et Applications, Université de Jijel, B.P. 98 Ouled Aissa, Jijel 18000 (Algeria); Belafrites, A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Rayonnements et Applications, Université de Jijel, B.P. 98 Ouled Aissa, Jijel 18000 (Algeria)

    2014-08-15

    We report the design of a millimeter-sized parallel plate free-air ionization chamber (IC) aimed at determining the absolute air kerma rate of an ultra-soft X-ray beam (E = 1.5 keV). The size of the IC was determined so that the measurement volume satisfies the condition of charged-particle equilibrium. The correction factors necessary to properly measure the absolute kerma using the IC have been established. Particular attention was given to the determination of the effective mean energy for the 1.5 keV photons using the PENELOPE code. Other correction factors were determined by means of computer simulation (COMSOL™and FLUKA). Measurements of air kerma rates under specific operating parameters of the lab-bench X-ray source have been performed at various distances from that source and compared to Monte Carlo calculations. We show that the developed ionization chamber makes it possible to determine accurate photon fluence rates in routine work and will constitute substantial time-savings for future radiobiological experiments based on the use of ultra-soft X-rays.

  17. Cryogenic Roadmap U.S. Department of Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    i Cryogenic Roadmap U.S. Department of Energy Superconductivity Program for Electric Systems these systems to advance to meet these desired characteristics. Consequently, it is called a "roadmap". The roadmap provides goals and objectives along with the desired outcomes that may result if these goals

  18. Tobacco Smoking During Radiation Therapy for Head-and-Neck Cancer Is Associated With Unfavorable Outcome

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Allen M.; Chen, Leon M.; Vaughan, Andrew; Sreeraman, Radhika; Farwell, D. Gregory; Luu, Quang; Lau, Derick H.; Stuart, Kerri; Purdy, James A.; Vijayakumar, Srinivasan

    2011-02-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the effect of continued cigarette smoking among patients undergoing radiation therapy for head-and-neck cancer by comparing the clinical outcomes among active smokers and quitters. Methods and Materials: A review of medical records identified 101 patients with newly diagnosed squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck who continued to smoke during radiation therapy. Each active smoker was matched to a control patient who had quit smoking before initiation of radiation therapy. Matching was based on tobacco history (pack-years), primary site, age, sex, Karnofsky Performance Status, disease stage, radiation dose, chemotherapy use, year of treatment, and whether surgical resection was performed. Outcomes were compared by use of Kaplan-Meier analysis. Normal tissue effects were graded according to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group/European Organization for the Treatment of Cancer toxicity criteria. Results: With a median follow-up of 49 months, active smokers had significantly inferior 5-year overall survival (23% vs. 55%), locoregional control (58% vs. 69%), and disease-free survival (42% vs. 65%) compared with the former smokers who had quit before radiation therapy (p < 0.05 for all). These differences remained statistically significant when patients treated by postoperative or definitive radiation therapy were analyzed separately. The incidence of Grade 3 or greater late complications was also significantly increased among active smokers compared with former smokers (49% vs. 31%, p = 0.01). Conclusions: Tobacco smoking during radiation therapy for head-and-neck cancer is associated with unfavorable outcomes. Further studies analyzing the biologic and molecular reasons underlying these differences are planned.

  19. Prognostic Factors and Outcome in Askin-Rosai Tumor: A Review of 104 Patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laskar, Siddhartha; Nair, Chandrika; Mallik, Suman; Bahl, Gaurav; Pai, Suresh; Shet, Tanuja; Gupta, Tejpal; Arora, Brijesh; Bakshi, Ashish; Pramesh, C.S.; Mistry, Rajesh; Qureshi, Sajid; Medhi, Seema; Jambhekar, Nirmala; Kurkure, Purna; Banavali, Shripad; Muckaden, Mary Ann

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the prognostic factors and treatment outcome of patients with Askin-Rosai tumor of the chest wall treated at a single institution. Methods and Materials: Treatment comprised multiagent chemotherapy and local therapy, which was either in the form of surgery alone, radical external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) alone, or a combination of surgery and EBRT. Thirty-two patients (40%) were treated with all three modalities, 21 (27%) received chemotherapy and radical EBRT, and 19 (24%) underwent chemotherapy followed by surgery only. Results: One hundred four consecutive patients aged 3-60 years were treated at the Tata Memorial Hospital from January 1995 to October 2003. Most (70%) were male (male/female ratio, 2.3:1). Asymptomatic swelling (43%) was the most common presenting symptom, and 25% of patients presented with distant metastasis. After a median follow-up of 28 months, local control, disease-free survival, and overall survival rates were 67%, 36%, and 45%, respectively. Median time to relapse was 25 months, and the median survival was 76 months. Multivariate analysis revealed age {>=}18 years, poor response to induction chemotherapy, and presence of pleural effusion as indicators of inferior survival. Fifty-six percent of patients with metastatic disease at presentation died within 1 month of diagnosis, with 6-month and 5-year actuarial survival of 14% and 4%, respectively. Conclusion: Primary tumor size, pleural effusion, response to chemotherapy, and optimal radiotherapy were important prognostic factors influencing outcome. The combination of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgery, and radiotherapy resulted in optimal outcome.

  20. Correlation of Clinical and Dosimetric Factors With Adverse Pulmonary Outcomes in Children After Lung Irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Venkatramani, Rajkumar; Kamath, Sunil; Wong, Kenneth; Malvar, Jemily; Sposto, Richard; Goodarzian, Fariba; Freyer, David R.; Keens, Thomas G.; and others

    2013-08-01

    Purpose: To identify the incidence and the risk factors for pulmonary toxicity in children treated for cancer with contemporary lung irradiation. Methods and Materials: We analyzed clinical features, radiographic findings, pulmonary function tests, and dosimetric parameters of children receiving irradiation to the lung fields over a 10-year period. Results: We identified 109 patients (75 male patients). The median age at irradiation was 13.8 years (range, 0.04-20.9 years). The median follow-up period was 3.4 years. The median prescribed radiation dose was 21 Gy (range, 0.4-64.8 Gy). Pulmonary toxic chemotherapy included bleomycin in 58.7% of patients and cyclophosphamide in 83.5%. The following pulmonary outcomes were identified and the 5-year cumulative incidence after irradiation was determined: pneumonitis, 6%; chronic cough, 10%; pneumonia, 35%; dyspnea, 11%; supplemental oxygen requirement, 2%; radiographic interstitial lung disease, 40%; and chest wall deformity, 12%. One patient died of progressive respiratory failure. Post-irradiation pulmonary function tests available from 44 patients showed evidence of obstructive lung disease (25%), restrictive disease (11%), hyperinflation (32%), and abnormal diffusion capacity (12%). Thoracic surgery, bleomycin, age, mean lung irradiation dose (MLD), maximum lung dose, prescribed dose, and dosimetric parameters between V{sub 22} (volume of lung exposed to a radiation dose ?22 Gy) and V{sub 30} (volume of lung exposed to a radiation dose ?30 Gy) were significant for the development of adverse pulmonary outcomes on univariate analysis. MLD, maximum lung dose, and V{sub dose} (percentage of volume of lung receiving the threshold dose or greater) were highly correlated. On multivariate analysis, MLD was the sole significant predictor of adverse pulmonary outcome (P=.01). Conclusions: Significant pulmonary dysfunction occurs in children receiving lung irradiation by contemporary techniques. MLD rather than prescribed dose should be used to perform risk stratification of patients receiving lung irradiation.

  1. Long-Term Outcomes of Vestibular Schwannomas Treated With Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy: An Institutional Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapoor, Sumit; Batra, Sachin [Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Carson, Kathryn [Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD (United States); Shuck, John; Kharkar, Siddharth; Gandhi, Rahul [Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Jackson, Juan; Wemmer, Jan; Terezakis, Stephanie; Shokek, Ori; Kleinberg, Lawrence [Department of Radiation Oncology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Rigamonti, Daniele, E-mail: dr@jhmi.edu [Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Purpose: We assessed clinical outcome and long-term tumor control after fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) for unilateral schwannoma. Methods and Materials: Between 1995 and 2007, 496 patients were treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy at Johns Hopkins Hospital (Baltimore, MD); 385 patients had radiologic follow-up that met the inclusion criteria. The primary endpoint was treatment failure. Secondary endpoints were radiologic progression and clinical outcome. Logistic regression analysis assessed the association of age, race, tumor side, sex, and pretreatment symptoms. Results: In 11 patients (3%) treatment failed, and they required salvage (microsurgical) treatment. Radiologic progression was observed in 116 patients (30.0%), including 35 patients (9%) in whom the treatment volume more than doubled during the follow-up period, although none required surgical resection. Tumors with baseline volumes of less than 1 cm{sup 3} were 18.02 times more likely to progress than those with tumor volumes of 1 cm{sup 3} or greater (odds ratio, 18.02; 95% confidence interval, 4.25-76.32). Treatment-induced neurologic morbidity included 8 patients (1.6%) with new facial weakness, 12 patients (2.8%) with new trigeminal paresthesias, 4 patients (0.9%) with hydrocephalus (1 communicating and 3 obstructive), and 2 patients (0.5%) with possibly radiation-induced neoplasia. Conclusions: Although the rate of treatment failure is low (3%), careful follow-up shows that radiologic progression occurs frequently. When reporting outcome, the 'no salvage surgery needed' and 'no additional treatment needed' criteria for treatment success need to be complemented by the radiologic data.

  2. Energy Saver | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Save Energy, Save Money Energy 101: Home Cooling Infographic Energy 101: Home Cooling Infographic Just in time for summer Check out our Energy 101: Home Cooling Infographic. With...

  3. Nature Energie | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nature Energie Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nature Energie Place: France Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: French developer of wind and solar energy projects. References:...

  4. On-Line HEV Energy Management Using a Fuzzy Yacine Gaoua, Stephane Caux, Pierre Lopez and Josep Domingo Salvany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    onboard (batteries, supercapacitors and/or fuel cells) of different characteristics (efficiency, energy-line solution, off-line study is realized on a known mission profile and optimization based on a nonlinear optimization techniques which give a good global optimum in order to compare it with the battery discharge

  5. Toward a national plan for the accelerated commercialization of solar energy: the role of state and local government

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gadsby, N.

    1980-05-01

    This report characterizes solar technologies and related markets. It summarizes constraints and concerns that presently inhibit their accelerated commercialization and discusses the potential of subfederal units of government to remove, or at least alleviate, such barriers. It addresses the need for increased federal support if the potential for solar energy is to be realized.

  6. RESOURCES BIOMASS & BIOFUELS MRS BULLETIN VOLUME 33 APRIL 2008 www.mrs.org/bulletin Harnessing Materials for Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    381 RESOURCES · BIOMASS & BIOFUELS MRS BULLETIN · VOLUME 33 · APRIL 2008 · www.mrs.org/bulletin · Harnessing Materials for Energy What Is Cellulosic Biomass? Although ethanol is now made from the sugars for ethanol in terms of fuel use could be realized if the sugars from more recalcitrant cellulosic biomass

  7. Energy And The Foods Processing Industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, R.

    2001-01-01

    steam temperature of 3JO?F, the temperature of the gas exiting the stack is routinely 425?F. One boiler is baseloaded, while the second cycles between low-fire and idle. Only 20% of the condensate generated by the steam system is returned... to the boiler. By adding a stack economizer onto the baseload boiler and increasing condensate return to 60%, boiler energy savings of 14% can be realized. Customer #2 A meat packing plant receives chilled carcasses, which it then cuts, debones, and trims...

  8. What is a low-energy house and who cares?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Litt, B.R.

    1994-12-01

    Most energy analysts view low-energy houses as good things, yet differ in their expectations of what exactly a low energy house is. There are two intertwining threads to this report. The first is an evaluation of 50 buildings that have been claimed to be low-energy residences, for which monitored energy performance data have been collected. These data represent the preliminary effort in the ongoing update of the Buildings Energy-Use Compilation and Analysis (BECA) data base for new residences. The second thread concerns the definition of a low-energy house. After the elements of a definition are presented, their implications for actors involved in providing housing are identified. Several more tractable definitions are applied to the houses in this compilation. The outcomes illustrate ways in which different interests are served by various definitions. Different definitions can yield very different energy rankings. No single definition of a low-energy house is universally applicable.

  9. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy DOE Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Overview Dr. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program DOE/CESA/TTC Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Webinar December 14, 2010 #12;2 Examples of DOE-funded Partners and Locations ­ Fuel Cell Technologies

  10. Poster — Thur Eve — 74: Distributed, asynchronous, reactive dosimetric and outcomes analysis using DICOMautomaton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, Haley; Wu, Jonn; Moiseenko, Vitali; Thomas, Steven

    2014-08-15

    Many have speculated about the future of computational technology in clinical radiation oncology. It has been advocated that the next generation of computational infrastructure will improve on the current generation by incorporating richer aspects of automation, more heavily and seamlessly featuring distributed and parallel computation, and providing more flexibility toward aggregate data analysis. In this report we describe how a recently created — but currently existing — analysis framework (DICOMautomaton) incorporates these aspects. DICOMautomaton supports a variety of use cases but is especially suited for dosimetric outcomes correlation analysis, investigation and comparison of radiotherapy treatment efficacy, and dose-volume computation. We describe: how it overcomes computational bottlenecks by distributing workload across a network of machines; how modern, asynchronous computational techniques are used to reduce blocking and avoid unnecessary computation; and how issues of out-of-date data are addressed using reactive programming techniques and data dependency chains. We describe internal architecture of the software and give a detailed demonstration of how DICOMautomaton could be used to search for correlations between dosimetric and outcomes data.

  11. Impact of Radiotherapy on Fertility, Pregnancy, and Neonatal Outcomes in Female Cancer Patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wo, Jennifer Y.; Viswanathan, Akila N.

    2009-04-01

    Purpose: Radiation has many potential long-term effects on cancer survivors. Female cancer patients may experience decreased fertility depending on the site irradiated. Oncologists should be aware of these consequences and discuss options for fertility preservation before initiating therapy. Methods and Materials: A comprehensive review of the existing literature was conducted. Studies reporting the outcomes for female patients treated with cranio-spinal, abdominal, or pelvic radiation reporting fertility, pregnancy, or neonatal-related outcomes were reviewed. Results: Cranio-spinal irradiation elicited significant hormonal changes in women that affected their ability to become pregnant later in life. Women treated with abdomino-pelvic radiation have an increased rate of uterine dysfunction leading to miscarriage, preterm labor, low birth weight, and placental abnormalities. Early menopause results from low-dose ovarian radiation. Ovarian transposition may decrease the rates of ovarian dysfunction. Conclusions: There is a dose-dependent relationship between ovarian radiation therapy (RT) and premature menopause. Patients treated with RT must be aware of the impact of treatment on fertility and explore appropriate options.

  12. LABORATORY V In this lab, you will begin to use the principle of conservation of energy to determine the motion resulting from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Lab V - 1 LABORATORY V ENERGY In this lab, you will begin to use the principle of conservation of energy to determine the motion resulting from interactions that are difficult to analyze using force should enable you to: · Use the conservation of energy to predict the outcome of interactions between

  13. Energy Gaps and Interaction Blockade in Confined Quantum Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Capelle, K.; Borgh, M.; Kaerkkaeinen, K.; Reimann, S. M.

    2007-07-06

    We investigate universal properties of strongly confined particles that turn out to be dramatically different from what is observed for electrons in atoms and molecules. For a large class of harmonically confined systems, such as small quantum dots and optically trapped atoms, many-body particle addition and removal energies, and energy gaps, are accurately obtained from single-particle eigenvalues. Transport blockade phenomena are related to the derivative discontinuity of the exchange-correlation functional. This implies that they occur very generally, with Coulomb blockade being a particular realization of a more general phenomenon. In particular, we predict a van der Waals blockade in cold atom gases in traps.

  14. Energy bursts from deconfinement in high-mass twin stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Castillo, D E; Blaschke, D; Haensel, P; Zdunik, L

    2015-01-01

    We estimate the energy reservoir available in the deconfinement phase transition induced collapse of a neutron star to its hybrid star mass twin on the "third family" branch, using a recent equation of state of dense matter. The available energy corresponding to the mass-energy difference between configurations is comparable with energies of the most violent astrophysical burst processes. An observational outcome of such a dynamical transition might be fast radio bursts, specifically a recent example of a FRB with a double-peak structure in its light curve.

  15. pN0(i+) Breast Cancer: Treatment Patterns, Locoregional Recurrence, and Survival Outcomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karam, Irene; Lesperance, Maria F.; Berrang, Tanya; Speers, Caroline; Tyldesley, Scott; Truong, Pauline T.

    2013-11-15

    Purpose: To examine treatment patterns, recurrence, and survival outcomes in patients with pN0(i+) breast cancer. Methods and Materials: Subjects were 5999 women with AJCC (6th edition) pT1-3, pN0-N1a, M0 breast cancer diagnosed between 2003 and 2006. Of these, 4342 (72%) had pN0, 96 (2%) had pN0(i+), 349 (6%) had pNmic (micrometastases >0.2 mm to ?2 mm), and 1212 (20%) had pN1a (1-3 positive macroscopic nodes) disease. Treatment characteristics and 5-year Kaplan-Meier local recurrence, regional recurrence (RR), locoregional recurrence (LRR), and overall survival were compared between nodal subgroups. Multivariable analysis was performed using Cox regression modeling. A 1:3 case-match analysis examined outcomes in pN0(i+) cases compared with pN0 controls matched for similar tumor and treatment characteristics. Results: Median follow-up was 4.8 years. Adjuvant systemic therapy use increased with nodal stage: 81%, 92%, 95%, and 94% in pN0, pN0(i+), pNmic, and pN1a disease, respectively (P<.001). Nodal radiation therapy (RT) use also increased with nodal stage: 1.7% in pN0, 27% in pN0(i+), 33% in pNmic, and 63% in pN1a cohorts (P<.001). Five-year Kaplan-Meier outcomes in pN0 versus pN0(i+) cases were as follows: local recurrence 1.7% versus 3.7% (P=.20), RR 0.5% versus 2.2% (P=.02), and LRR 2.1% versus 5.8% (P=.02). There were no RR events in 26 patients with pN0(i+) disease who received nodal RT and 2 RR events in 70 patients who did not receive nodal RT. On multivariable analysis, pN0(i+) was not associated with worse locoregional control or survival. On case-match analysis, LRR and overall survival were similar between pN0(i+) and matched pN0 counterparts. Conclusions: Nodal involvement with isolated tumor cells is not a significant prognostic factor for LRR or survival in this study's multivariable and case-match analyses. These data do not support the routine use of nodal RT in the setting of pN0(i+) disease. Prospective studies are needed to define optimal locoregional management for women with pN0(i+) breast cancer.

  16. Building Energy Model Development for Retrofit Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chasar, David; McIlvaine, Janet; Blanchard, Jeremy; Widder, Sarah H.; Baechler, Michael C.

    2012-09-30

    Based on previous research conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Florida Solar Energy Center providing technical assistance to implement 22 deep energy retrofits across the nation, 6 homes were selected in Florida and Texas for detailed post-retrofit energy modeling to assess realized energy savings (Chandra et al, 2012). However, assessing realized savings can be difficult for some homes where pre-retrofit occupancy and energy performance are unknown. Initially, savings had been estimated using a HERS Index comparison for these homes. However, this does not account for confounding factors such as occupancy and weather. This research addresses a method to more reliably assess energy savings achieved in deep energy retrofits for which pre-retrofit utility bills or occupancy information in not available. A metered home, Riverdale, was selected as a test case for development of a modeling procedure to account occupancy and weather factors, potentially creating more accurate estimates of energy savings. This “true up” procedure was developed using Energy Gauge USA software and post-retrofit homeowner information and utility bills. The 12 step process adjusts the post-retrofit modeling results to correlate with post-retrofit utility bills and known occupancy information. The “trued” post retrofit model is then used to estimate pre-retrofit energy consumption by changing the building efficiency characteristics to reflect the pre-retrofit condition, but keeping all weather and occupancy-related factors the same. This creates a pre-retrofit model that is more comparable to the post-retrofit energy use profile and can improve energy savings estimates. For this test case, a home for which pre- and post- retrofit utility bills were available was selected for comparison and assessment of the accuracy of the “true up” procedure. Based on the current method, this procedure is quite time intensive. However, streamlined processing spreadsheets or incorporation into existing software tools would improve the efficiency of the process. Retrofit activity appears to be gaining market share, and this would be a potentially valuable capability with relevance to marketing, program management, and retrofit success metrics.

  17. An electron/ion spectrometer with the ability of low energy electron measurement for fast ignition experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ozaki, T.; Sakagami, H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6, Oroshi, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Kojima, S.; Arikawa, Y.; Shiraga, H.; Fujioka, S. [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, 2-6, Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Kato, R., E-mail: ozaki@nifs.ac.jp [Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, 8-1, Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan)

    2014-11-15

    An electron energy spectrometer (ESM) is one of the most fundamental diagnostics in the fast ignition experiment. It is necessary to observe the spectra down to a low energy range in order to obtain the accurate deposition efficiency toward the core. Here, we realize the suitable ESM by using a ferrite magnet with a moderate magnetic field of 0.3 T and a rectangular magnetic circuit covered with a steel plate in the inlet side.

  18. Energy and environmental aspects of mobile communication systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubritto, C; Vetromile, C; Curcuruto, S; Logorelli, M; Marsico, G; D'Onofrio, A; 10.1016/j.energy.2010.11.039

    2011-01-01

    The reduction of the energy consumptions of a Telecommunication Power System represents one of the critical factors of the telecommunication technologies, both to allow a sizeable saving of economic resources and to realize "sustainable" development actions. The consumption of about one hundred base stations for mobile phones were monitored for a total of over one thousand days, in order to study the energy consumption in relation to the environmental, electric and logistics parameters of the stations themselves. It was possible to survey, then, the role of the mobile communication systems in the general national energy framework and to plot the best areas of intervention for saving energy and improving the environmental impact, showing the role played by air conditioning and transmission equipments. Finally, new transmission algorithms and the use of renewable energy based techniques have been tested.

  19. Upgrade of Beam Energy Measurement System at BEPC-II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jian-Yong Zhang; Xiao Cai; Xiao-Hu Mo; Di-Zhou Guo; Jian-Li Wang; Bai-Qi Liu; M. N. Achasov; A. A. Krasnov; N. Yu. Muchnoi; E. E. Pyata; E. V. Mamoshkina; F. A. Harris

    2015-10-28

    The beam energy measurement system is of great importance and profit for both BEPC-II accelerator and BES-III detector. The system is based on measuring the energies of Compton back-scattered photons. Many advanced techniques and precise instruments are employed to realize the highly accurate measurement of positron/electron beam energy. During five year's running period, in order to meet the requirement of data taking and improve the capacity of measurement itself, the upgradation of system is continued, which involve the component reformation of laser and optics subsystem, replacement of view-port of the laser to vacuum insertion subsystem, the purchase of electric cooling system for high purity germanium detector, and the improvement of data acquisition and processing subsystem. The upgrading of system guarantees the smooth and efficient measuring of beam energy at BEPC-II and accommodates the accurate offline energy values for further physics analysis at BES-III.

  20. Upgrade of Beam Energy Measurement System at BEPC-II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jian-Yong; Mo, Xiao-Hu; Guo, Di-Zhou; Wang, Jian-Li; Liu, Bai-Qi; Achasov, M N; Krasnov, A A; Muchnoi, N Yu; Pyata, E E; Mamoshkina, E V; Harris, F A

    2015-01-01

    The beam energy measurement system is of great importance and profit for both BEPC-II accelerator and BES-III detector. The system is based on measuring the energies of Compton back-scattered photons. Many advanced techniques and precise instruments are employed to realize the highly accurate measurement of positron/electron beam energy. During five year's running period, in order to meet the requirement of data taking and improve the capacity of measurement itself, the upgradation of system is continued, which involve the component reformation of laser and optics subsystem, replacement of view-port of the laser to vacuum insertion subsystem, the purchase of electric cooling system for high purity germanium detector, and the improvement of data acquisition and processing subsystem. The upgrading of system guarantees the smooth and efficient measuring of beam energy at BEPC-II and accommodates the accurate offline energy values for further physics analysis at BES-III.

  1. wind energy

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    5%2A en Pantex to Become Wind Energy Research Center http:nnsa.energy.govfieldofficesnponpopressreleasespantex-become-wind-energy-research-center

  2. Energy Policy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Energy Department is focusing on an all-of-the-above energy policy, investing in all sources of American energy.

  3. A critical evaluation of network and pathway based classifiers for outcome prediction in breast cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staiger, C; Kooter, R; Dittrich, M; Mueller, T; Klau, G W; Wessels, L F A

    2011-01-01

    Recently, several classifiers that combine primary tumor data, like gene expression data, and secondary data sources, such as protein-protein interaction networks, have been proposed for predicting outcome in breast cancer. In these approaches, new composite features are typically constructed by aggregating the expression levels of several genes. The secondary data sources are employed to guide this aggregation. Although many studies claim that these approaches improve classification performance over single gene classifiers, the gain in performance is difficult to assess. This stems mainly from the fact that different breast cancer data sets and validation procedures are employed to assess the performance. Here we address these issues by employing a large cohort of six breast cancer data sets as benchmark set and by performing an unbiased evaluation of the classification accuracies of the different approaches. Contrary to previous claims, we find that composite feature classifiers do not outperform simple sin...

  4. Stage Presentation, Care Patterns, and Treatment Outcomes for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Penis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burt, Lindsay M.; Shrieve, Dennis C.; Tward, Jonathan D., E-mail: Jonathan.Tward@hci.utah.edu

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Penile squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a rare entity, with few published series on outcomes. We evaluated the stage distributions and outcomes for surgery and radiation therapy in a U.S. population database. Methods and Materials: Subjects with SCC of the penis were identified using the National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program database between 1988 and 2006. Descriptive statistics were performed, and cause-specific survival (CSS) was estimated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Comparisons of treatment modalities were analyzed using multivariate Cox regression. Subjects were staged using American Joint Committee on Cancer, sixth edition, criteria. Results: There were 2458 subjects identified. The median age was 66.8 years (range, 17-102 years). Grade 2 disease was present in 94.5% of cases. T1, T2, T3, T4, and Tx disease was present in 64.8%, 17.1%, 9.5%, 2.1%, and 6.5% of cases, respectively. N0, N1, N2, N3, and Nx disease was noted in 61.6%, 6.9%, 4.0%, 3.7%, and 23.8% of cases, respectively. M1 disease was noted in 2.5% of subjects. Individuals of white ethnicity accounted for 85.1% of cases. Lymphadenectomy was performed in 16.7% of cases. The CSS for all patients at 5 and 10 years was 80.8% and 78.6%. By multivariable analysis grades 2 and 3 disease, T3 stage, and positive lymph nodes were adverse prognostic factors for CSS. Conclusion: SCC of the penis often presents as early-stage T1, N0, M0, grade 1, or grade 2 disease. The majority of patients identified were treated with surgery, and only a small fraction of patients received radiation therapy alone or as adjuvant therapy.

  5. Outcomes After Intensity-Modulated Versus Conformal Radiotherapy in Older Men With Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bekelman, Justin E.; Mitra, Nandita; Efstathiou, Jason; Liao Kaijun; Sunderland, Robert; Yeboa, Deborah N.; Armstrong, Katrina

    2011-11-15

    Purpose: There is little evidence comparing complications after intensity-modulated (IMRT) vs. three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (CRT) for prostate cancer. The study objective was to test the hypothesis that IMRT, compared with CRT, is associated with a reduction in bowel, urinary, and erectile complications in elderly men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: We undertook an observational cohort study using registry and administrative claims data from the SEER-Medicare database. We identified men aged 65 years or older diagnosed with nonmetastatic prostate cancer in the United States between 2002 and 2004 who received IMRT (n = 5,845) or CRT (n = 6,753). The primary outcome was a composite measure of bowel complications. Secondary outcomes were composite measures of urinary and erectile complications. We also examined specific subsets of bowel (proctitis/hemorrhage) and urinary (cystitis/hematuria) events within the composite complication measures. Results: IMRT was associated with reductions in composite bowel complications (24-month cumulative incidence 18.8% vs. 22.5%; hazard ratio [HR] 0.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79-0.93) and proctitis/hemorrhage (HR 0.78; 95% CI, 0.64-0.95). IMRT was not associated with rates of composite urinary complications (HR 0.93; 95% CI, 0.83-1.04) or cystitis/hematuria (HR 0.94; 95% CI, 0.83-1.07). The incidence of erectile complications involving invasive procedures was low and did not differ significantly between groups, although IMRT was associated with an increase in new diagnoses of impotence (HR 1.27, 95% CI, 1.14-1.42). Conclusion: IMRT is associated with a small reduction in composite bowel complications and proctitis/hemorrhage compared with CRT in elderly men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer.

  6. Entanglement, weak values, and the precise inference of joint measurement outcomes for non-commuting observable pairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso Botero

    2007-10-16

    The problem of inferring the outcome of a simultaneous measurement of two non-commuting observables is addressed. We show that for certain pairs with dense spectra, precise inferences of the measurement outcomes are possible in pre-and post-selected ensembles, and if the selections involve entangled states with some other system. We show that the problem is related to the problem of assigning weak values to a continuous family of operators, and give explicit examples where this problem is solvable. Some foundational implications are briefly discussed.

  7. Renewable Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Science & Innovation Energy Sources Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Watch as these fourth grade students go from learning about electricity to making their own electricity...

  8. Autoimmune Diseases in Pregnancy : : Associated Risk Factors, Comorbidities and Pregnancy Outcomes in the Organization of Teratology Information Specialists (OTIS) Autoimmune Diseases in Pregnancy Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharti, Balamlal

    2014-01-01

    outcomes in women with psoriasis. Br J Dermatol Bakhirevaoutcomes in women with psoriasis. Br J Dermatol. Aug Korenoutcomes in women with psoriasis. Br J Dermatol. Aug

  9. Symmetry Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Danielewicz

    2006-07-15

    Examination of symmetry energy is carried out on the basis of an elementary binding-energy formula. Constraints are obtained on the energy value at the normal nuclear density and on the density dependence of the energy at subnormal densities.

  10. Sustainable energy for all. Technical report of task force 1 in support of the objective to achieve universal access to modern energy services by 2030

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Birol, Fatih

    2012-04-15

    The UN Secretary General established the Sustainable Energy for All initiative in order to guide and support efforts to achieve universal access to modern energy, rapidly increase energy efficiency, and expand the use of renewable energies. Task forces were formed involving prominent energy leaders and experts from business, government, academia and civil society worldwide. The goal of the Task Forces is to inform the implementation of the initiative by identifying challenges and opportunities for achieving its objectives. This report contains the findings of Task Force One which is dedicated to the objective of achieving universal access to modern energy services by 2030. The report shows that universal energy access can be realized by 2030 with strong, focused actions set within a coordinated framework.

  11. Energy 101: Geothermal Energy

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-06-23

    See how we can generate clean, renewable energy from hot water sources deep beneath the Earth's surface. The video highlights the basic principles at work in geothermal energy production, and illustrates three different ways the Earth's heat can be converted into electricity.

  12. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy DOE­DOT CNG­H2 Workshop Summary and Highlights Antonio Ruiz DOE Vehicular Tank Workshop April 29, 2010 ­ Sandia National Laboratories, CA #12;2 CNG­H2 Fuels CNG and hydrogen- fueled vehicles in public transit fleets and the consumer sector. Objectives

  13. Energy 101: Geothermal Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-05-27

    See how we can generate clean, renewable energy from hot water sources deep beneath the Earth's surface. The video highlights the basic principles at work in geothermal energy production, and illustrates three different ways the Earth's heat can be converted into electricity.

  14. FIMP realization of the scotogenic model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molinaro, Emiliano; Zapata, Oscar; Yaguna, Carlos E. E-mail: carlos.yaguna@uni-muenster.de

    2014-07-01

    The scotogenic model is one of the simplest scenarios for physics beyond the Standard Model that can account for neutrino masses and dark matter at the TeV scale. It contains another scalar doublet and three additional singlet fermions (N{sub i}), all odd under a Z{sub 2} symmetry. In this paper, we examine the possibility that the dark matter candidate, N{sub 1}, does not reach thermal equilibrium in the early Universe so that it behaves as a Feebly Interacting Massive Particle (FIMP). In that case, it is found that the freeze-in production of dark matter is entirely dominated by the decays of the odd scalars. We compute the resulting dark matter abundance and study its dependence with the parameters of the model. The freeze-in mechanism is shown to be able to account for the observed relic density over a wide range of dark matter masses, from the keV to the TeV scale. In addition to freeze-in, the N{sub 1} relic density receives a further contribution from the late decay of the next-to-lightest odd particle, which we also analyze. Finally, we consider the possibility that the dark matter particle is a WIMP but receives an extra contribution to its relic density from the decay of the FIMP (N{sub 1}). In this case, important signals at direct and indirect detection experiments are generally expected.

  15. Methodological challenges to realizing the potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rieseberg, Loren

    flow, (ii) distinguishing between primary and secondary contact and (iii) mod- elling demographic for migration rates at differ- ent time periods and for the time at which migration rates change (Sousa et al

  16. Realizability Models Refuting Ishihara's Boundedness Peter Lietza

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller-Dintelmann, Robert

    Nordendstr. 11, D-60318 Frankfurt, Germany bFB4 Mathematik, TU Darmstadt, Schloßgartenstr. 7, D-64289 Darmstadt

  17. Realization A comparison of probability bounds analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Sequential decisions · ... Formal, Systematic but Practical Methods for Engineering Design Methods Tools [ ]E U 1A 2A Want to assess the (potential) sensitivity of the decision to the (potentially) different;7 Example problem: Oil filter selection · Three filter designs SEC · Steel, replace casing and cartridge

  18. Realization Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,... Unimportant (at system level) Details: ­ Tooth geometry, materials, gear configuration, manufacturing process attributes ­ Bore diameter ­ Stroke length ­ Mass ­ Price mass bore price Raw Cylinder Data stroke mass bore

  19. A Syntactic Realization Theorem for Justification Logics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jäger, Gerhard

    Kuznets Institut f¨ur Informatik und angewandte Mathematik, Universit¨at Bern Neubr¨uckstrasse 10, CH-3012 logics avoid the well-known logical omniscience problem, as Artemov and Kuznets argue in [5]. The formal

  20. Realizing Scientific Methods for Cyber Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carroll, Thomas E.; Manz, David O.; Edgar, Thomas W.; Greitzer, Frank L.

    2012-07-18

    There is little doubt among cyber security researchers about the lack of scientic rigor that underlies much of the liter-ature. The issues are manifold and are well documented. Further complicating the problem is insufficient scientic methods to address these issues. Cyber security melds man and machine: we inherit the challenges of computer science, sociology, psychology, and many other elds and create new ones where these elds interface. In this paper we detail a partial list of challenges imposed by rigorous science and survey how other sciences have tackled them, in the hope of applying a similar approach to cyber security science. This paper is by no means comprehensive: its purpose is to foster discussion in the community on how we can improve rigor in cyber security science.

  1. Realizing Dynamic Optical Networking Mario Baldi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldi, Mario

    (UTC a.k.a. GMT) CTRTM can be globally distributed, then it is possible to (globally) distribute the O switching. Static optical switching requires a separate optical channel-- a.k.a. wavelength or lambda

  2. Georgia Institute of Technology Systems Realization Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    builds large load-bearing structures, he uses dense solids; steel, concrete, glass. When nature does load-bearing structures, he uses dense solids; steel, concrete, glass. When nature does the same, she placement of voids · Made by forming gas in metal structure via: injection of gas into melt, use of blowing

  3. Realization Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ML & Modelica to enable CD representation in SysML · Develop graph patterns and transformation rules to provide an execution link between SysML and Modelica CD models · Model simulations and engineering analyses (EAs) · ModelicaML (Pop et al., 2007) · UMLH (Nytsch-Geusen, 2007) M&RW #12;13April 16th, 2008 M

  4. Sandia Energy - Energy Storage Test Pad (ESTP)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Storage Test Pad (ESTP) Home Energy Permalink Gallery Evaluating Powerful Batteries for Modular Electric Grid Energy Storage Energy, Energy Storage, Energy Storage Systems, Energy...

  5. Sandia Energy - Enabling Energy Efficiency

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Enabling Energy Efficiency Home Energy Research EFRCs Solid-State Lighting Science EFRC Enabling Energy Efficiency Enabling Energy EfficiencyTara Camacho-Lopez2015-03-26T16:33:50+0...

  6. ENERGY TRANSFORMED: SUSTAINABLE ENERGY SOLUTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roe, Paul

    ENERGY TRANSFORMED: SUSTAINABLE ENERGY SOLUTIONS AUSTRALIAN UNIVERSITY SURVEY SUMMARY OF QUESTIONNAIRE RESULTS WHAT IS THE STATE OF EDUCATION FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN AUSTRALIAN ENGINEERING EDUCATION? PREPARED BY: #12;State of Education for Energy Efficiency in Australian Engineering Education Summary

  7. Elevated blood glucose recommendation guidelines that produce positive maternal and perinatal outcomes at the University of Kansas Obstetrics Clinic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plumberg, Erin M.

    2013-05-31

    in 59.5%, cesarean delivery in 40.4%, neonatal hypoglycemia in 2.7%. More women who managed GDM by diet had related complications at delivery than women who were treated with medications. Conclusion: KUMC OB produces patient outcomes that are expected...

  8. The use of a new logistic regression model for predicting the outcome of pregnancies of unknown location

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .8, a positive predictive value of 27.5% and a negative predictive value of 99.4%. CONCLUSIONS: The logisticThe use of a new logistic regression model for predicting the outcome of pregnancies of unknown, London UK. E-mail: gcondous@hotmail.com BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to generate and evaluate

  9. ChBE 4505/4525 Chemical Process Design/Biochemical Process Design Basic Curriculum and Learning Outcomes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    Outcomes. Credit: 3-0-3 Instructor: Matthew J. Realff Textbook: Product & Process Design Principles, Third Edition, Wiley 2009. W.D. Seider, J.D. Seader, D.R. Lewin, S. Widagdo, Catalog Description: Principles Phen. II (ChBE 3210), Kinetics & Reactor Design (ChBE 4300), and separation processes (ChBE 3225

  10. The Indigenous Health Outcomes Patient Evaluation (IHOPE) project uses advanced statistical modelling techniques, and "real-world" whole-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    The Indigenous Health Outcomes Patient Evaluation (IHOPE) project uses advanced statistical students have worked on the project to date, with three of these now having been awarded their degrees. The IHOPE project is funded by a Project Grant from the National Health and Medical Research Council

  11. Cosmetic Outcome and Seroma Formation After Breast-Conserving Surgery With Intraoperative Radiation Therapy Boost for Early Breast Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Senthi, Sashendra; Link, Emma; Chua, Boon H.; University of Melbourne, Melbourne

    2012-10-01

    Purpose: To evaluate cosmetic outcome and its association with breast wound seroma after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) with targeted intraoperative radiation therapy (tIORT) boost for early breast cancer. Methods and Materials: An analysis of a single-arm prospective study of 55 patients with early breast cancer treated with BCS and tIORT boost followed by conventional whole breast radiation therapy (WBRT) between August 2003 and January 2006 was performed. A seroma was defined as a fluid collection at the primary tumor resection site identified clinically or radiologically. Cosmetic assessments using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer rating system were performed at baseline before BCS and 30 months after WBRT was completed. Results: Twenty-eight patients (51%) developed a seroma, with 18 patients (33%) requiring at least 1 aspiration. Tumor location was significantly associated with seroma formation (P=.001). Ten of 11 patients with an upper inner quadrant tumor developed a seroma. Excellent or good overall cosmetic outcome at 30 months was observed in 34 patients (62%, 95% confidence interval 53%-80%). Seroma formation was not associated with the overall cosmetic result (P=.54). Conclusion: BCS with tIORT boost followed by WBRT was associated with an acceptable cosmetic outcome. Seroma formation was not significantly associated with an adverse cosmetic outcome.

  12. 1 TRANSPORTATION PROJECT OUTCOMES UNDER UNCERTAINTY: 2 AN EXAMINATION OF BENEFIT-COST RATIOS AND OTHER IMPACTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    network conditions, and relies on user specification of project costs to estimate long-term50 performance of this problem, noting that estimates for some project62 types have not only been inaccurate, but biased overall1 1 TRANSPORTATION PROJECT OUTCOMES UNDER UNCERTAINTY: 2 AN EXAMINATION OF BENEFIT-COST RATIOS

  13. EVOLVING EXPECTATIONS OF DAM REMOVAL OUTCOMES: DOWNSTREAM GEOMORPHIC EFFECTS FOLLOWING REMOVAL OF A SMALL, GRAVEL-FILLED DAM1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    EVOLVING EXPECTATIONS OF DAM REMOVAL OUTCOMES: DOWNSTREAM GEOMORPHIC EFFECTS FOLLOWING REMOVAL OF A SMALL, GRAVEL-FILLED DAM1 Kelly Kibler, Desiree Tullos, and Mathias Kondolf 2 ABSTRACT: Dam removal is a promising river restoration technique, particularly for the vast number of rivers impounded by small dams

  14. Effectiveness of Adult Day Care Programs on Health Outcomes of Thai Family Caregivers of Persons with Dementia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noimuenwai, Premruetai

    2012-12-31

    of Psychiatry and Chiangmai Neurological Hospital. Caregiver outcomes were measured with the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), the Short form 12-item health survey (SF-12v2), the Sarason's Social Support...

  15. Biochemical Response to Androgen Deprivation Therapy Before External Beam Radiation Therapy Predicts Long-term Prostate Cancer Survival Outcomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zelefsky, Michael J.; Gomez, Daniel R.; Polkinghorn, William R.; Pei, Xin; Kollmeier, Marisa

    2013-07-01

    Purpose: To determine whether the response to neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) defined by a decline in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) to nadir values is associated with improved survival outcomes after external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) for prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: One thousand forty-five patients with localized prostate cancer were treated with definitive EBRT in conjunction with neoadjuvant and concurrent ADT. A 6-month course of ADT was used (3 months during the neoadjuvant phase and 2 to 3 months concurrently with EBRT). The median EBRT prescription dose was 81 Gy using a conformal-based technique. The median follow-up time was 8.5 years. Results: The 10-year PSA relapse-free survival outcome among patients with pre-radiation therapy PSA nadirs of ?0.3 ng/mL was 74.3%, compared with 57.7% for patients with higher PSA nadir values (P<.001). The 10-year distant metastases-free survival outcome among patients with pre-radiation therapy PSA nadirs of ?0.3 ng/mL was 86.1%, compared with 78.6% for patients with higher PSA nadir values (P=.004). In a competing-risk analysis, prostate cancer-related deaths were also significantly reduced among patients with pre-radiation therapy PSA nadirs of <0.3 ng/mL compared with higher values (7.8% compared with 13.7%; P=.009). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that the pre-EBRT PSA nadir value was a significant predictor of long-term biochemical tumor control, distant metastases-free survival, and cause-specific survival outcomes. Conclusions: Pre-radiation therapy nadir PSA values of ?0.3 ng/mL after neoadjuvant ADT were associated with improved long-term biochemical tumor control, reduction in distant metastases, and prostate cancer-related death. Patients with higher nadir values may require alternative adjuvant therapies to improve outcomes.

  16. Energy Sources: Renewable Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Why Hydrogen? * Fossil fuels release CO 2 , SO X , NO X SO X , NO X * Declining reserves, national security security GM Hydrogen Energy Hydrogen- the use of Hydrogen gas in...

  17. Nuclear Energy Density Functionals: What do we really know?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bulgac, Aurel; Jin, Shi

    2015-01-01

    We present the simplest nuclear energy density functional (NEDF) to date, determined by only 4 significant phenomenological parameters, yet capable of fitting measured nuclear masses with better accuracy than the Bethe-Weizs\\"acker mass formula, while also describing density structures (charge radii, neutron skins etc.) and time-dependent phenomena (induced fission, giant resonances, low energy nuclear collisions, etc.). The 4 significant parameters are necessary to describe bulk nuclear properties (binding energies and charge radii); an additional 2 to 3 parameters have little influence on the bulk nuclear properties, but allow independent control of the density dependence of the symmetry energy and isovector excitations, in particular the Thomas-Reiche-Kuhn sum rule. This Hohenberg-Kohn-style of density functional theory successfully realizes Weizs\\"acker's ideas and provides a computationally tractable model for a variety of static nuclear properties and dynamics, from finite nuclei to neutron stars, where...

  18. Coupling dark energy to dark matter perturbations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valerio Marra

    2015-06-21

    This Letter proposes that dark energy in the form of a scalar field could effectively couple to dark matter perturbations. The idea is that dark matter particles could annihilate/interact inside dense clumps and transfer energy to the scalar field, which would then enter an accelerated regime. This hypothesis is interesting as it provides a natural trigger for the onset of the acceleration of the universe, since dark energy starts driving the expansion of the universe when matter perturbations become sufficiently dense. Here we study a possible realization of this general idea by coupling dark energy to dark matter via the linear growth function of matter perturbations. The numerical results show that it is indeed possible to obtain a viable cosmology with the expected series of radiation, matter and dark-energy dominated eras. Moreover, the current density of dark energy is given by the value of the coupling parameters rather than by very special initial conditions for the scalar field. In other words, this model does not suffer from the so-called "coincidence problem" and its related fine tuning of initial conditions.

  19. Coupling dark energy to dark matter perturbations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marra, Valerio

    2015-01-01

    This Letter proposes that dark energy in the form of a scalar field could effectively couple to dark matter perturbations. The idea is that dark matter particles could annihilate/interact inside dense clumps and transfer energy to the scalar field, which would then enter an accelerated regime. This hypothesis is interesting as it provides a natural trigger for the onset of the acceleration of the universe, since dark energy starts driving the expansion of the universe when matter perturbations become sufficiently dense. Here we study a possible realization of this general idea by coupling dark energy to dark matter via the linear growth function of matter perturbations. The numerical results show that it is indeed possible to obtain a viable cosmology with the expected series of radiation, matter and dark-energy dominated eras. Moreover, the current density of dark energy is given by the value of the coupling parameters rather than by very special initial conditions for the scalar field. In other words, this ...

  20. Mutual information-energy inequality for thermal states of a bipartite quantum system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleksey Fedorov; Evgeny Kiktenko

    2015-03-19

    In this work, we consider an upper bound for the quantum mutual information in thermal states of a bipartite quantum system. This bound is related with the interaction energy and logarithm of the partition function of the system. We demonstrate the connection between this upper bound and the value of the mutual information for the bipartite system realized by two spin-1/2 particles in the external magnetic field with the XY-Heisenberg interaction.

  1. Distribution of Time-Energy Entanglement over 100 km fiber using superconducting single-photon detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiang Zhang; Hiroki Takesue; Sae Woo Nam; Carsten Langrock; Xiuping Xie; M. M. Fejer; Yoshihisa Yamamoto

    2007-12-25

    In this letter, we report an experimental realization of distributing entangled photon pairs over 100 km of dispersion-shifted fiber. In the experiment, we used a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide to generate the time-energy entanglement and superconducting single-photon detectors to detect the photon pairs after 100 km. We also demonstrate that the distributed photon pairs can still be useful for quantum key distribution and other quantum communication tasks.

  2. TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Won Young; Phadke, Amol; Shah, Nihar; Letschert, Virginie

    2011-07-01

    The SEAD initiative aims to transform the global market by increasing the penetration of highly efficient equipment and appliances. SEAD is a government initiative whose activities and projects engage the private sector to realize the large global energy savings potential from improved appliance and equipment efficiency. SEAD seeks to enable high-level global action by informing the Clean Energy Ministerial dialogue as one of the initiatives in the Global Energy Efficiency Challenge. In keeping with its goal of achieving global energy savings through efficiency, SEAD was approved as a task within the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) in January 2010. SEAD partners work together in voluntary activities to: (1) ?raise the efficiency ceiling? by pulling super-efficient appliances and equipment into the market through cooperation on measures like incentives, procurement, awards, and research and development (R&D) investments; (2) ?raise the efficiency floor? by working together to bolster national or regional policies like minimum efficiency standards; and (3) ?strengthen the efficiency foundations? of programs by coordinating technical work to support these activities. Although not all SEAD partners may decide to participate in every SEAD activity, SEAD partners have agreed to engage actively in their particular areas of interest through commitment of financing, staff, consultant experts, and other resources. In addition, all SEAD partners are committed to share information, e.g., on implementation schedules for and the technical detail of minimum efficiency standards and other efficiency programs. Information collected and created through SEAD activities will be shared among all SEAD partners and, to the extent appropriate, with the global public.As of April 2011, the governments participating in SEAD are: Australia, Brazil, Canada, the European Commission, France, Germany, India, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States. More information on SEAD is available from its website at http://www.superefficient.org/.

  3. Early Clinical Outcomes Using Proton Radiation for Children With Central Nervous System Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Amorim Bernstein, Karen; Sethi, Roshan; Trofimov, Alexei; Zeng, Chuan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Fullerton, Barbara [Department of Otology and Laryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Department of Otology and Laryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Yeap, Beow Y. [Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Ebb, David [Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Tarbell, Nancy J.; Yock, Torunn I. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); MacDonald, Shannon M., E-mail: smacdonald@partners.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)

    2013-05-01

    Purpose: Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is an uncommon and aggressive tumor that often affects infants. Irradiation improves survival but has traditionally been avoided in patients under the age of 3 due to the increasing risk of neurocognitive side effects. We report the first cohort of AT/RT patients treated with proton therapy. Methods and Materials: All patients with AT/RT treated at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Frances H. Burr Proton Beam Therapy Benter between July 2004 and November 2011 were included in this study. All patients were treated with 3-dimensional conformal proton therapy (3D-CPT). Results: Ten consecutive patients of a median 2.3 years of age and with a median follow-up of 27.3 months (range, 11.3-99.4 months) were identified. Two patients suffered distant relapse; 1 patient was successfully treated with involved field irradiation and chemotherapy, while the second patient died of disease. At last follow-up, 9 patients were alive without evidence of disease. Proton radiation demonstrated increasing sparing of the cerebrum, temporal lobe, cochlea, and hypothalamus. Conclusions: Initial clinical outcomes with proton therapy are favorable. The advantages of proton therapy are particularly suited to the treatment of AT/RT, a tumor that often requires irradiation treatment at an age when avoiding irradiation to healthy tissues is most desirable.

  4. Proton Radiotherapy for Childhood Ependymoma: Initial Clinical Outcomes and Dose Comparisons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacDonald, Shannon M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)], E-mail: smacdonald@partners.org; Safai, Sairos; Trofimov, Alexei; Wolfgang, John [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Fullerton, Barbara [Department of Otology and Laryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Yeap, Beow Y. [Department of Internal Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Bortfeld, Thomas; Tarbell, Nancy J.; Yock, Torunn [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

    2008-07-15

    Purpose: To report preliminary clinical outcomes for pediatric patients treated with proton beam radiation for intracranial ependymoma and compare the dose distributions of intensity-modulated radiation therapy with photons (IMRT), three-dimensional conformal proton radiation, and intensity-modulated proton radiation therapy (IMPT) for representative patients. Methods and Materials: All children with intracranial ependymoma confined to the supratentorial or infratentorial brain treated at the Francis H. Burr Proton Facility and Harvard Cyclotron between November 2000 and March 2006 were included in this study. Seventeen patients were treated with protons. Proton, IMRT, and IMPT plans were generated with similar clinical constraints for representative infratentorial and supratentorial ependymoma cases. Tumor and normal tissue dose-volume histograms were calculated and compared. Results: At a median follow-up of 26 months from the start date of radiation therapy, local control, progression-free survival, and overall survival rates were 86%, 80%, and 89%, respectively. Subtotal resection was significantly associated with decreased local control (p = 0.016). Similar tumor volume coverage was achieved with IMPT, proton therapy, and IMRT. Substantial normal tissue sparing was seen with proton therapy compared with IMRT. Use of IMPT will allow for additional sparing of some critical structures. Conclusions: Preliminary disease control with proton therapy compares favorably with the literature. Dosimetric comparisons show the advantage of proton radiation compared with IMRT in the treatment of ependymoma. Further sparing of normal structures appears possible with IMPT. Superior dose distributions were accomplished with fewer beam angles with the use of protons and IMPT.

  5. Proton radiotherapy for orbital rhabdomyosarcoma: Clinical outcome and a dosimetric comparison with photons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yock, Torunn [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)]. E-mail: tyock@partners.org; Schneider, Robert C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Friedmann, Alison [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Adams, Judith C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Fullerton, Barbara [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Tarbell, Nancy [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

    2005-11-15

    Background: Over 85% of pediatric orbital rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) are cured with combined chemotherapy and radiation. However, the late effects of photon radiation compromise function and cosmetic outcome. Proton radiation can provide excellent tumor dose distributions while sparing normal tissues better than photon irradiation. Methods and Materials: Conformal 3D photon and proton radiotherapy plans were generated for children treated with proton irradiation for orbital RMS at Massachusetts General Hospital. Dose-volume histograms (90%, 50%, 10%) were generated and compared for important orbital and central nervous system structures. Average percentages of total dose prescribed were calculated based on the 3 dose-volume histogram levels for normal orbital structures for both the proton and photon plans. The percent of normal tissue spared by using protons was calculated. Results: Seven children were treated for orbital rhabdomyosarcoma with proton irradiation and standard chemotherapy. The median follow-up is 6.3 years (range, 3.5-9.7 years). Local and distant controls compare favorably to those in other published accounts. There was an advantage in limiting the dose to the brain, pituitary, hypothalamus, temporal lobes, and ipsilateral and contralateral orbital structures. Tumor size and location affect the degree of sparing of normal structures. Conclusions: Fractionated proton radiotherapy is superior to 3D conformal photon radiation in the treatment of orbital RMS. Proton therapy maintains excellent tumor coverage while reducing the radiation dose to adjacent normal structures. Proton radiation therapy minimizes long-term side effects.

  6. Adverse Outcome Pathways and Ecological Risk Assessment: Bridging to Population-Level Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, Vincent J.; Etterson, Matthew A.; Hecker, Markus; Murphy, Cheryl A.; Roesijadi, Guritno; Spade, Daniel J.; Spromberg, Julann A.; Wang, Magnus; Ankley, Gerald T.

    2010-11-24

    The viability of populations of plants and animals is a key focus for environmental regulation. Population-level responses integrate the cumulative effects of chemical stressors on individuals as those individuals interact with and are affected by their con-specifics, competitors, predators, prey, habitat and other biotic and abiotic factors. Models of population-level effects of contaminants can integrate information from lower levels of biological organization and feed that information into higher-level community and ecosystem models. As individual-level endpoints are utilized to predict population responses, this requires that biological responses at lower levels of organization be translated into a form that is useable by the population modeler. In this paper we describe how mechanistic data, as captured in adverse outcome pathways, can be translated into modeling focused on population-level risk assessments. First, we present a succinct overview of different approaches to population modeling, and discuss the types of data needed for these models. Then we discuss how toxicity data are used currently for population modeling, and provide recommendations as to how testing might be modified to better generate information to support modeling. From this we describe how different key processes measured at the level of the individual serve as the bridge between mechanistic toxicology data and predictions of population status, and provide case examples of how this linkage has been/can be achieved.

  7. Energy Systems and Population Health

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ezzati, Majid; Bailis, Rob; Kammen, Daniel M.; Holloway, Tracey; Price, Lynn; Cifuentes, Luis A.; Barnes, Brendon; Chaurey, Akanksha; Dhanapala, Kiran N.

    2004-04-12

    It is well-documented that energy and energy systems have a central role in social and economic development and human welfare at all scales, from household and community to regional and national (41). Among its various welfare effects, energy is closely linked with people s health. Some of the effects of energy on health and welfare are direct. With abundant energy, more food or more frequent meals can be prepared; food can be refrigerated, increasing the types of food items that are consumed and reducing food contamination; water pumps can provide more water and eliminate the need for water storage leading to contamination or increased exposure to disease vectors such as mosquitoes or snails; water can be disinfected by boiling or using other technologies such as radiation. Other effects of energy on public health are mediated through more proximal determinants of health and disease. Abundant energy can lead to increased irrigation, agricultural productivity, and access to food and nutrition; access to energy can also increase small-scale income generation such as processing of agricultural commodities (e.g., producing refined oil from oil seeds, roasting coffee, drying and preserving fruits and meats) and production of crafts; ability to control lighting and heating allows education or economic activities to be shielded from daily or seasonal environmental constraints such as light, temperature, rainfall, or wind; time and other economic resources spent on collecting and/or transporting fuels can be used for other household needs if access to energy is facilitated; energy availability for transportation increases access to health and education facilities and allow increased economic activity by facilitating the transportation of goods and services to and from markets; energy for telecommunication technology (radio, television, telephone, or internet) provides increased access to information useful for health, education, or economic purposes; provision of energy to rural and urban health facilities allows increased delivery and coverage of 3 various health services and interventions such as tests and treatments, better storage of medicine and vaccines, disinfection of medical equipment by boiling or radiation, and more frequent and efficient health system encounters through mobile clinics or longer working hours; and so on. In fact, while the dominant view of development-energy-health linkages has been that improvements in energy and health are outcomes of the socioeconomic development process (e.g., the ''energy ladder'' framework discussed below), it has even been argued that access to higher quality energy sources and technologies can initiate a chain of demographic, health, and development outcomes by changing the household structure and socioeconomic relationships. For example, in addition to increased opportunities for food and income production, reduced infant mortality as a result of transition to cleaner fuels or increased coverage of vaccination with availability of refrigerators in rural clinics may initiate a process of ''demographic transition'' to low-mortality and low-fertility populations (14). Such a transition has historically been followed with further improvements in maternal and child health and increased female participation in the labor markets and other economic activities.

  8. National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Energy Systems Integration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Energy Systems Integration Facility Overview National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Energy Systems Integration Facility Overview This...

  9. Sandia Energy - Geothermal Energy & Drilling Technology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Geothermal Energy & Drilling Technology Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Geothermal Geothermal Energy & Drilling Technology Geothermal Energy & Drilling...

  10. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Postdoctoral Research...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Postdoctoral Research Awards Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Postdoctoral Research Awards Contacts Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Postdoctoral Research Awards...

  11. Gravitational energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Katz

    2005-10-20

    Observers at rest in a stationary spacetime flat at infinity can measure small amounts of rest-mass+internal energies+kinetic energies+pressure energy in a small volume of fluid attached to a local inertial frame. The sum of these small amounts is the total "matter energy" for those observers. The total mass-energy minus the matter energy is the binding gravitational energy. Misner, Thorne and Wheeler evaluated the gravitational energy of a spherically symmetric static spacetime. Here we show how to calculate gravitational energy in any static and stationary spacetime for isolated sources with a set of observers at rest. The result of MTW is recovered and we find that electromagnetic and gravitational 3-covariant energy densities in conformastatic spacetimes are of opposite signs. Various examples suggest that gravitational energy is negative in spacetimes with special symmetries or when the energy-momentum tensor satisfies usual energy conditions.

  12. Human energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sawyer, Suzana

    2010-01-01

    This is the power of human energy that Chevron neverExperience the power of ‘‘Human Energy’’: S. Sawyer (&)s voice returns: ‘‘This is the power of human energy. ’’ In

  13. Human energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sawyer, Suzana

    2010-01-01

    to solve the planet’s energy crisis. Yet, the ?rst term into solve the world’s energy crises through the power ofthat situate the energy crisis at the global level (‘‘And

  14. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program December 2005 Progress Report for Automotive Propulsion Materials Program Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office the development of energy-efficient vehicle technologies, including hybrid sys- tems, advanced emission control

  15. Funding for Large-Scale Sustainable Energy Projects Combining Expert Opinions to Support Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    Funding for Large-Scale Sustainable Energy Projects Combining Expert Opinions to Support Decisions technologies: solar, carbon capture, nuclear, biofuels, and electricity from biomass. The challenge a probability distribution over outcomes dependent on R&D funding amounts. This probability distribution

  16. Heavy Quark Kinetic Energy in B Mesons by a QCD Relativistic Potential Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. De Fazio

    1996-11-04

    The matrix element of the kinetic energy operator between B meson states is computed by means of a QCD relativistic potential model, with the result: $\\mu_\\pi^2=0.66 GeV^2$. A comparison with the outcome of other theoretical approaches and a discussion of the phenomenological implications of this result are carried out.

  17. Newsletter | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    facilities. Read the workshop summary report on the outcomes of the workshop. The Algae Foundation Announces New DOE-Funded Education Initiative to Enhance Algae Workforce...

  18. Transportation Energy Futures Snapshot

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    modes, manage the demand for transportation, and shift the fuel mix to more sustainable sources necessary to reach these significant outcomes. Coordinating a...

  19. Sandia Energy - Energy Storage

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen GenerationTechnologiesEnergy Conversion EfficiencyEnergy

  20. Sandia Energy - Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultidayAlumniProjectsCyberNotLED LightingEnergy Home Energy