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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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1

Student's algorithm solves real-world problem  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

how to use powerful computers to analyze, model, and solve real-world problems," Jordan Medlock wins supercomputer challenge with his algorithm that automates counting and...

2

Student's algorithm solves real-world problem  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Student's algorithm solves real-world problem Student's algorithm solves real-world problem Supercomputing Challenge: student's algorithm solves real-world problem Students learn how to use powerful computers to analyze, model, and solve real-world problems. April 3, 2012 Jordon Medlock of Albuquerque's Manzano High School won the 2012 Lab-sponsored Supercomputing Challenge Jordon Medlock of Albuquerque's Manzano High School won the 2012 Lab-sponsored Supercomputing Challenge by creating a computer algorithm that automates the process of counting and analyzing plaques, substances in the blood such as fat and cholesterol found in persons diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. Contact Kurt Steinhaus (505) 665-7370 Email "The mission of the Supercomputing Challenge is to teach students how to use powerful computers to analyze, model, and solve real-world problems,"

3

Towards Near Real-Time Availability With Enhanced Accuracy Turbo...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Turbo" ARSCL Towards Near Real-Time Availability With Enhanced Accuracy Turbo-ARSCL Project The goal is to speed delivery of the widely-used ARSCL product while improving the...

4

Real-World Hydrogen Technology Validation: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Department of Energy, the Department of Defense's Defense Logistics Agency, and the Department of Transportation's Federal Transit Administration have funded learning demonstrations and early market deployments to provide insight into applications of hydrogen technologies on the road, in the warehouse, and as stationary power. NREL's analyses validate the technology in real-world applications, reveal the status of the technology, and facilitate the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, manufacturing, and operations. This paper presents the maintenance, safety, and operation data of fuel cells in multiple applications with the reported incidents, near misses, and frequencies. NREL has analyzed records of more than 225,000 kilograms of hydrogen that have been dispensed through more than 108,000 hydrogen fills with an excellent safety record.

Sprik, S.; Kurtz, J.; Wipke, K.; Ramsden, T.; Ainscough, C.; Eudy, L.; Saur, G.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Laboratory academy provides teachers with 'real world' context...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

computational modeling experience they can use in the classroom. Photo by Jamie DouglasLLNL. Laboratory academy provides teachers with 'real world' context to teach science...

6

oro.open.ac.uk Investigating Affordances of Virtual Worlds for Real World B2C E-Commerce  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and other research outputs Investigating affordances of virtual worlds for real world B2C e-commerce

Minh Minocha; Shailey Roberts; Dave Laing; Darren Investigating; Minh Quang Tran; Shailey Minocha; Dave Roberts; Angus Laing; Darren Langdridge

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Improving Real World Efficiency of High Performance Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improving Real World Efficiency of High Performance Buildings Buildings End-Use Energy Efficiency Research www.energy.ca.gov/research/buildings February 2012 The Issue Highperformance buildings efficiency in highperformance buildings, however, are not always realized in practice. Addressing

8

Reflectance and texture of real-world surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we investigate the visual appearance of real-world surfaces and the dependence of appearance on the geometry of imaging conditions. We discuss a new texture representation called the BTF (bidirectional texture function) which captures the ...

Kristin J. Dana; Bram van Ginneken; Shree K. Nayar; Jan J. Koenderink

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Real World Adobe Illustrator CS5, 1st edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real World Adobe Illustrator CS5 is the definitive reference to Adobe's industry-standard vector graphics software. With an easy, engaging style, author and past Illustrator product manager Mordy Golding takes readers through all of the features of the ...

Mordy Golding

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Does your distillation simulation reflect the real world?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The question ``Do you have a simulation?`` is asked during almost every troubleshooting investigation. A question equally important: ``Does your simulation reflect the real world?`` is raised far less frequently. To correctly answer the latter question, it is imperative that the simulation reflects the real world (i.e., plant data). Any mismatch provides a warning of a potential simulation deficiency. A previous paper described a case where a seemingly minor mismatch led to the discovery of a major simulation deficiency. Undiscovered, the deficiency would have led to a failed tower debottleneck. This paper expands on this previous theme, but focuses on column troubleshooting. A simulation that did not reflect the real world steered a troubleshooting investigation toward an incorrect diagnosis and into inadequate solutions. Once revised to reflect the real world, the same simulation proved invaluable for identifying the correct root cause and guiding the investigation toward the proper solution. An initial simulation of an aromatics fractionator revealed no cause for an operational instability apparent in the tower. Field testing of the tower, establishing correct energy balances, overcoming an analytical limitation, and finally, identifying a simulation trap, yielded information that led to revision of the initial simulation. The revised simulation readily identified the cause of the tower instability.

Kister, H.Z. [Brown and Root, Alhambra, CA (United States); Neves, S.B.; Siles, R.C.; Costa Lima, R. da [Copene Petroquimica do Nordeste S.A., Camacari, Bahia (Brazil)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Playable character: extending digital games into the real world  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a series of research probe games developed to investigate how real-world activity could be incorporated into digital game systems. These culminated in the design of our final game, Forest, which was conceived for the San Francisco ... Keywords: design, forest, games, location-based, social games

Jason Linder; Wendy Ju

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

A Practical Framework for Sharing and Rendering Real-World Bidirectional  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Practical Framework for Sharing and Rendering Real-World Bidirectional A Practical Framework for Sharing and Rendering Real-World Bidirectional Scattering Distribution Functions Title A Practical Framework for Sharing and Rendering Real-World Bidirectional Scattering Distribution Functions Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5954E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Ward, Gregory J., Murat Kurt, and Nicolas Bonneel Date Published 10/2012 Keywords building technology and urban systems department, windows and envelope materials group Abstract The utilization of real-world materials has been hindered by a lack of standards for sharing and interpreting measured data. This paper presents an XML representation and an Open Source C library to support bidirectional scattering distribution functions (BSDFs) in data-driven lighting simulation and rendering applications.The library provides for the efficient representation, query, and Monte Carlo sampling of arbitrary BSDFs in amodel-free framework. Currently, we support two BSDF data representations: one using a fixed subdivision of thehemisphere, and one with adaptive density. The fixed type has advantages for certain matrix operations, while theadaptive type can more accurately represent highly peaked data. We discuss advanced methods for data-driven BSDF rendering for both types, including the proxy of detailed geometry to enhance appearance and accuracy. We also present an advanced interpolation method to reduce measured data into these standard representations. We end with our plan for future extensions and sharing of BSDF data.

13

Accuracy Assessments of Geographical Line Data Sets, the Case of the Digital Chart of the World  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To be able to utilise geographical data for analysis, one should know something about the quality of the data. In present geographical data standardisation proposals (SDTS, CEN TC287), several aspects of geographical data quality have been described, such as lineage (data collection and processing history), spatial accuracy, attribute accuracy, completeness, logical consistency and currency. Methods for quantitative assessments of different aspects of spatial accuracy for data sets of linear geographical features, such as shape fidelity and positional accuracy are described. For these assessments, independent data sets of better (and preferrably known) accuracy will have to be used. In order to be able to do automatic assessments, data set completeness must be taken into consideration. The method has been applied for assessing the spatial accuracy for some themes of the Digital Chart of the World (DCW) (scale of original maps (ONCs): 1:1000000), using the Norwegian mapping authority's ...

Håvard Tveite; Sindre Langaas

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Improved AST's Based on Real World FCV Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AST's Based on AST's Based on Real World FCV Data Tom Madden Manager, Advanced PEM Technology UTC Power Corporation This presentation does not contain any proprietary or confidential information IMPROVED AST's BASED ON FCV DATA Objectives of project *From 2007 DOE Multi-Year R,D,&D Plan Technical Task - 10* Barriers Components Develop Protocols for Testing Experimentally Determine Long-Term Stack Failure Mechanisms Characterize Component and Stack Properties Before, During and After Operation Durability Performance Water Management Start-stop / Transient Operation Membranes Electrodes Gas diffusion media (Seals) IMPROVED AST's BASED ON FCV DATA DOE Technical Targets Technical Targets 2010 target* 2015 target* Durability with cycling

15

Interaction Design and Agile Development: A Real-World Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although both agile development methods and interaction design aim to build quality software that meets the users needs, each approaches development from a different perspective. Agile development methods describe activities addressing the coding part of software development, whereas interaction design methods describe activities for developing that aspect of the software that will be perceived by the user. Agile develop-ment and interaction design each have little to say about the other, despite the reality that both approaches are combined in practice. There has been little investigation into how the two processes work together, and the is-sues that arise. We conducted studies of real-world software teams, that use both interaction design and agile development, to aim for a better un-derstanding of practice. We focus on issues related to interaction design being done up front (before implementation begins), the effect of incorpo-rating interaction design techniques into the agile development iterations,

Jennifer Ferreira

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

U.S. Department of Energy Launches Real World Design Challenge | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Real World Design Challenge Real World Design Challenge U.S. Department of Energy Launches Real World Design Challenge October 20, 2008 - 4:14pm Addthis Goal of New Competition Is to Inspire High School Students to Study Engineering WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has launched the Real World Design Challenge (RWDC), a new annual competition that provides high school students with the opportunity to work on real world engineering challenges in a collaborative environment. The purpose of the RWDC is to ensure the future of our Nation's economic competitiveness and national security by inspiring today's students to become tomorrow's engineers. "The Real World Design Challenge is intended to engage high school students with real engineering problems faced by industry," said Bill Valdez,

17

Accuracy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

a a progression of the accuracy of the 1999 data from good, to better, to best, for initial estimates to final values. These data were presented in a series of PD publications: the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report (WFR), the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Weekly estimates in the WPSR and WFR were the first values available. Figure FE1 illustrates the progress in the accuracy from the weekly estimates to the interim monthly values to the final petroleum supply values. The monthly-from-weekly (MFW) data are the least accurate but "good." The PSM data are more accurate or "better" and the PSA data are the most accurate or "best." Although the comparison of 1999 MFW and PSM values to PSA values shows 1999 initial and interim data to be less accurate than 1998, these results may be a combination

18

A survey on real-world implementations of mobile ad-hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulation and emulation are valuable techniques for the evaluation of algorithms and protocols used in mobile ad-hoc networks. However, these techniques always require the simplification of real-world properties such as radio characteristics or node ... Keywords: Emulation, Experiment, Implementation, Mobile ad-hoc networks, Real-world, Routing, Testbed

Wolfgang Kiess; Martin Mauve

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Accuracy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Data collected by the Petroleum Supply Division (PSD) of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) provided an accurate picture of petroleum supply in 1996. These data were presented in a series of PSD publications: the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report (WFR), the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Weekly estimates in the WPSR and WFR were the first values available. Figure FE1 illustrates the improvement in accuracy from the weekly estimates to the interim monthly values to the final petroleum supply values. The monthly-from-weekly (MFW) data are the least accurate but "good." The PSM data are more accurate or "better" and the PSA data are the most accurate or "best." For 1996, 66 petroleum supply data series were analyzed to determine how close the PSM values were to the final PSA

20

Accuracy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 from initial estimates to final values. These data were presented in a series of PD publications: the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report (WFR), the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Weekly estimates in the WPSR and WFR were the first values available. Figure FE1 illustrates the improving signs of accuracy from the weekly estimates to the interim monthly values to the final petroleum supply values. The monthly-from-weekly (MFW) data are the least accurate but "good." The PSM data are more accurate or "better" and the PSA data are the most accurate or "best." Although the comparison of 1998 MFW and PSM values to PSA values shows 1998 initial and interim data to be less accurate than 1997, these results may be a combination of less accurate initial and interim reporting and an outstanding

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Accuracy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7. 7. These data were presented in a series of PD publications: the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report (WFR), the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Weekly estimates in the WPSR and WFR were the first values available. Figure FE1 illustrates the improving signs of accuracy from the weekly estimates to the interim monthly values to the final petroleum supply values. The monthly-from-weekly (MFW) data are the least accurate but "good." The PSM data are more accurate or "better" and the PSA data are the most accurate or "best." For 1997, 66 petroleum supply data series were analyzed to determine how close the PSM values were to the final PSA values. For these series, 45 out of the 66 were within 1 percent of the PSA values in terms of mean absolute percent error. Sixty-one petroleum supply data series

22

U.S. Department of Energy Launches Real World Design Challenge: Goal of New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Energy Launches Real World Design Challenge: Goal of New Competition Is to Inspire High School Students to Study Engineering News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 10.20.08 U.S. Department of Energy Launches Real World Design Challenge: Goal of New Competition Is to Inspire High School Students to Study Engineering Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has launched the Real World Design Challenge (RWDC), a new annual competition that provides high school students with the opportunity to work on real world engineering

23

Hybrid Electric Vehicles: How They Perform in the Real World | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Electric Vehicles: How They Perform in the Real World Hybrid Electric Vehicles: How They Perform in the Real World Hybrid Electric Vehicles: How They Perform in the Real World October 5, 2009 - 11:27am Addthis John Lippert One advantage of working on a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) support team is that I'm exposed to the impressive work DOE is doing to develop and promote advanced energy technologies. I'm particularly impressed with the data DOE has gathered as part of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) on many of the makes and models of hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) commercially available in the United States. The AVTA works with government, commercial, and industry fleets to measure real-world vehicle performance of production and pre-production advanced technology vehicles and makes this information available to fleets and the general public.

24

U.S. Department of Energy Launches Real World Design Challenge...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

U.S. Department of Energy Launches Real World Design Challenge: Goal of New Competition Is to Inspire High School Students to Study Engineering News In the News 2013 2012 2011 2010...

25

Energy-efficient platform designs for real-world wireless sensing applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-world wireless sensing applications demand system platforms with a wide range of size, cost, power consumption, connectivity, performance, and flexibility requirements. These goals cannot be achieved without understanding the nature of the sensing ...

P. H. Chou; Chulsung Park

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Texture mapping 3D models of real-world scenes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Texture mapping has become a popular tool in the computer graphics industry in the last few years because it is an easy way to achieve a high degree of realism in computer-generated imagery with very little effort. Over the last decade, texture-mapping ... Keywords: anti-aliasing, height field, homogeneous coordinates, image perspective transformation, image warping, multiresolution data, perspective projection, polygons, ray tracing, real-time scene generation, rectification, registration, texture mapping, visual simulators, voxels

Frederick M. Weinhaus; Venkat Devarajan

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Solar in the Real World: Tour of Solar Homes Begins in October | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in the Real World: Tour of Solar Homes Begins in October in the Real World: Tour of Solar Homes Begins in October Solar in the Real World: Tour of Solar Homes Begins in October September 28, 2009 - 12:26pm Addthis John Lippert The National Solar Tour takes place annually during the first Saturday in October in conjunction with National Energy Awareness Month. Last year close to 140,000 attendees visited some 5,000 solar buildings in 3,000 participating communities. Find the tour nearest you. Initially, the tour began about 20 years ago when a solar retailer and installer in California organized some of its customers and got them to agree to open up their homes once a year to the general public. The owners enjoyed showing off their solar homes to the public, the public was eager to learn about solar technologies, and the solar company drummed up

28

Developing model-based software to optimise wheat storage and transportation: A real-world application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates a real-world case of a logistical management problem. We determine the optimal amounts of wheat to be transported from each producing province to each consuming province per month across the year. The problem was formulated as ... Keywords: Agriculture, Genetic algorithm, Inventory, Linear integer programming, Transportation

Nasrin Asgari; Reza Zanjirani Farahani; Hannaneh Rashidi-Bajgan; Mohsen S. Sajadieh

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Flood disaster mitigation: a real-world challenge problem for multi-agent unmanned surface vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As we advance the state of technology for robotic systems, there is a need for defining complex real-world challenge problems for the multi-agent/robot community to address. A well-defined challenge problem can motivate researchers to aggressively address ... Keywords: autonomy, challenge, communication, coordination, multi-agent systems, path-planning, task-allocation

Paul Scerri; Balajee Kannan; Pras Velagapudi; Kate Macarthur; Peter Stone; Matt Taylor; John Dolan; Alessandro Farinelli; Archie Chapman; Bernadine Dias; George Kantor

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

GAS meter reading from real world images using a multi-net system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new approach for automatic gas meter reading from real world images. The gas meter reading is usually done on site by an operator and a picture is taken from a mobile device as proof of reading. Since the reading operation is prone to errors, ... Keywords: Multi-net system, Neural networks, Object detection, Object segmentation, Ocr, Text localization

Marco Vanetti; Ignazio Gallo; Angelo Nodari

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

GPU-accelerated high-accuracy molecular docking using guided differential evolution: real world applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective in molecular docking is to determine the best binding mode of two molecules in silico. A common application of molecular docking is in drug discovery where a large number of ligands are docked against a protein to identify potential drug ... Keywords: GPGPU, differential evolution, molecular docking

Martin Simonsen; Christian N.S. Pedersen; Mikael H. Christensen; René Thomsen

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Tracking Accuracy of a Real-Time Fiducial Tracking System for Patient Positioning and Monitoring in Radiation Therapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: In radiation therapy there is a need to accurately know the location of the target in real time. A novel radioactive tracking technology has been developed to answer this need. The technology consists of a radioactive implanted fiducial marker designed to minimize migration and a linac mounted tracking device. This study measured the static and dynamic accuracy of the new tracking technology in a clinical radiation therapy environment. Methods and Materials: The tracking device was installed on the linac gantry. The radioactive marker was located in a tissue equivalent phantom. Marker location was measured simultaneously by the radioactive tracking system and by a Microscribe G2 coordinate measuring machine (certified spatial accuracy of 0.38 mm). Localization consistency throughout a volume and absolute accuracy in the Fixed coordinate system were measured at multiple gantry angles over volumes of at least 10 cm in diameter centered at isocenter. Dynamic accuracy was measured with the marker located inside a breathing phantom. Results: The mean consistency for the static source was 0.58 mm throughout the tested region at all measured gantry angles. The mean absolute position error in the Fixed coordinate system for all gantry angles was 0.97 mm. The mean real-time tracking error for the dynamic source within the breathing phantom was less than 1 mm. Conclusions: This novel radioactive tracking technology has the potential to be useful in accurate target localization and real-time monitoring for radiation therapy.

Shchory, Tal [Navotek Medical, Ltd., Yokneam (Israel); Schifter, Dan; Lichtman, Rinat [Tel Aviv Medical Center (Israel); Neustadter, David, E-mail: david.n@navotek.co [Navotek Medical, Ltd., Yokneam (Israel); Corn, Benjamin W. [Tel Aviv Medical Center (Israel)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Read real-world service and product provider success stories | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Read real-world service and product provider success stories Read real-world service and product provider success stories Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Learn the benefits Get started Use Portfolio Manager Save energy Stamp out energy waste Find cost-effective investments Engage occupants Purchase energy-saving products Put computers to sleep Get help from an expert SPP success stories

34

Cortical networks representing object categories and high-level attributes of familiar real-world action sounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In contrast to visual object processing, relatively little is known about how the human brain processes everyday real-world sounds, transforming highly complex acoustic signals into representations of meaningful events or auditory objects. We recently ...

James W. Lewis; William J. Talkington; Aina Puce; Lauren R. Engel; Chris Frum

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Comparison of Battery Life Across Real-World Automotive Drive-Cycles (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Laboratories run around-the-clock aging tests to try to understand as quickly as possible how long new Li-ion battery designs will last under certain duty cycles. These tests may include factors such as duty cycles, climate, battery power profiles, and battery stress statistics. Such tests are generally accelerated and do not consider possible dwell time at high temperatures and states-of-charge. Battery life-predictive models provide guidance as to how long Li-ion batteries may last under real-world electric-drive vehicle applications. Worst-case aging scenarios are extracted from hundreds of real-world duty cycles developed from vehicle travel surveys. Vehicles examined included PHEV10 and PHEV40 EDVs under fixed (28 degrees C), limited cooling (forced ambient temperature), and aggressive cooling (20 degrees C chilled liquid) scenarios using either nightly charging or opportunity charging. The results show that battery life expectancy is 7.8 - 13.2 years for the PHEV10 using a nightly charge in Phoenix, AZ (hot climate), and that the 'aggressive' cooling scenario can extend battery life by 1-3 years, while the 'limited' cooling scenario shortens battery life by 1-2 years. Frequent (opportunity) charging can reduce battery life by 1 year for the PHEV10, while frequent charging can extend battery life by one-half year.

Smith, K.; Earleywine, M.; Wood, E.; Pesaran, A.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Learning to troubleshoot: Multistrategy learning of diagnostic knowledge for a real-world problem solving task  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article presents a computational model of the learning of diagnostic knowledge based on observations of human operators engaged in a real-world troubleshooting task. We present a model of problem solving and learning in which the reasoner introspects about its own performance on the problem solving task, identifies what it needs to learn to improve its performance, formulates learning goals to acquire the required knowledge, and pursues its learning goals using multiple learning strategies. The model is implemented in a computer system which provides a case study based on observations of troubleshooting operators and protocol analysis of the data gathered in the test area of an operational electronics manufacturing plant. The model is intended as a computational model of human learning; in addition, it is computationally justified as a uniform, extensible framework for multistrategy learning. Technical Report GIT-CC-93/67, College of Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology, A...

Ashwin Ram

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

No magic show: Real-world levitation to inspire better pharmaceuticals |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne scientist Chris Benmore demonstrates his acoustic levitator, which could help to improve the efficiency and quality of pharmaceutical development. (Photo by Dan Harris) Argonne scientist Chris Benmore demonstrates his acoustic levitator, which could help to improve the efficiency and quality of pharmaceutical development. (Photo by Dan Harris) Argonne scientist Chris Benmore demonstrates his acoustic levitator, which could help to improve the efficiency and quality of pharmaceutical development. (Photo by Dan Harris) No magic show: Real-world levitation to inspire better pharmaceuticals By Jared Sagoff * September 12, 2012 Tweet EmailPrint It's not a magic trick and it's not sleight of hand - scientists really are using levitation to improve the drug development process, eventually yielding more effective pharmaceuticals with fewer side effects. Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have discovered a way to use sound waves to levitate individual

38

Copyright 2013 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission from: Real-world Performance of a CERTS Microgrid in Manhattan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copyright © 2013 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission from: Real-world Performance of a CERTS Microgrid to Special Section on Microgrids for Sustainable Energy: IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy microgrid technology enabled the Brevoort, a 1950's era luxury co-op tower in Greenwich Village, NY

39

Reading between the tags to predict real-world size-class for visually depicted objects in images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multimedia information retrieval stands to benefit from the availability of additional information about tags and how they relate to the content visually depicted in images. We propose a generic approach that contributes to improving the informativeness ... Keywords: crowdsourcing, image annotation, lexico-syntactic patterns, real-world scale, selectional restrictions, size, user-contributed tags

Martha Larson; Christoph Kofler; Alan Hanjalic

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Medium Truck Duty Cycle Data from Real-World Driving Environments: Project Interim Report  

SciTech Connect

Since the early part of the 20th century, the US trucking industry has provided a safe and economical means of moving commodities across the country. At the present time, nearly 80% of the US domestic freight movement involves the use of trucks. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is spearheading a number of research efforts to improve heavy vehicle fuel efficiencies. This includes research in engine technologies (including hybrid and fuel cell technologies), lightweight materials, advanced fuels, and parasitic loss reductions. In addition, DOE is developing advanced tools and models to support heavy vehicle truck research, and is leading the 21st Century Truck Partnership whose stretch goals involve a reduction by 50% of the fuel consumption of heavy vehicles on a ton-mile basis. This Medium Truck Duty Cycle (MTDC) Project is a critical element in DOE s vision for improved heavy vehicle energy efficiency and is unique in that there is no other national database of characteristic duty cycles for medium trucks. It involves the collection of real-world data for various situational characteristics (rural/urban, freeway/arterial, congested/free-flowing, good/bad weather, etc.) and looks at the unique nature of medium trucks drive cycles (stop-and-go delivery, power takeoff, idle time, short-radius trips), to provide a rich source of data that can contribute to the development of new tools for fuel efficiency and modeling, provide DOE a sound basis upon which to make technology investment decisions, and provide a national archive of real-world-based medium-truck operational data to support heavy vehicle energy efficiency research. The MTDC project involves a two-part field operational test (FOT). For the Part-1 FOT, three vehicles, each from two vocations (urban transit and dry-box delivery) were instrumented for one year of data collection. The Part-2 FOT will involve the towing/recovery and utility vocations. The vehicles participating in the MTDC project are doing so through gratis partnerships in return for early access to the results of this study. Partnerships such as these are critical to FOTs in which real-world data is being collected. In Part 1 of the project, Oak Ridge National Laboratory(ORNL) established partnerships with the H.T. Hackney Company, one of the largest wholesale distributors in the country, distributing products to 21 states; and with the Knoxville Area Transit (KAT), the City of Knoxville s transit system, operating services across the city of Knoxville and parts of Knox co. These partnerships and agreements provided ORNL access to three Class-7 2005/2007 International day-cab tractors, model 8600, which regularly haul 28 ft pup trailers (H.T. Hackney Co) and three Class-7 2005 Optima LF-34 buses (KAT), for collection of duty cycle data. In addition, ORNL has collaborated with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to determine if there were possible synergies between this duty cycle data collection effort and FMCSA s need to learn more about the operation and duty cycles of the second-largest fuel consuming commercial vehicle category in the US. FMCSA s primary interest was in collecting safety data relative to the driver, carrier, and vehicle. In order to collect the duty cycle and safety-related data, ORNL developed a data acquisition and wireless communication system that was placed on each test vehicle. Each signal recorded in this FOT was collected by means of one of the instruments incorporated into each data acquisition system (DAS). Native signals were obtained directly from the vehicle s J1939 and J1708 data buses. A VBOX II Lite collected Global Positioning System related information including speed, acceleration, and spatial location information at a rate of 5 Hz, and communicated this data via the CAN (J1939) protocol. The Air-Weigh LoadMaxx, a self-weighing system which determines the vehicle s gross weight by means of pressure transducers and posts the weight to the vehicle s J1939 data bus, was used to collect vehicle payload information. A cellular modem, the Raven X

Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Medium Truck Duty Cycle Data from Real-World Driving Environments: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Since the early part of the 20th century, the US trucking industry has provided a safe and economical means of moving commodities across the country. At present, nearly 80% of US domestic freight movement involves the use of trucks. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is spearheading a number of research efforts to improve heavy vehicle fuel efficiencies. This includes research in engine technologies (including hybrid and fuel cell technologies), lightweight materials, advanced fuels, and parasitic loss reductions. In addition, DOE is developing advanced tools and models to support heavy vehicle research and is leading the 21st Century Truck Partnership and the SuperTruck development effort. Both of these efforts have the common goal of decreasing the fuel consumption of heavy vehicles. In the case of SuperTruck, a goal of improving the overall freight efficiency of a combination tractor-trailer has been established. This Medium Truck Duty Cycle (MTDC) project is a critical element in DOE s vision for improved heavy vehicle energy efficiency; it is unique in that there is no other existing national database of characteristic duty cycles for medium trucks based on collecting data from Class 6 and 7 vehicles. It involves the collection of real-world data on medium trucks for various situational characteristics (e.g., rural/urban, freeway/arterial, congested/free-flowing, good/bad weather) and looks at the unique nature of medium trucks drive cycles (stop-and-go delivery, power takeoff, idle time, short-radius trips). This research provides a rich source of data that can contribute to the development of new tools for FE and modeling, provide DOE a sound basis upon which to make technology investment decisions, and provide a national archive of real-world-based medium-truck operational data to support energy efficiency research. The MTDC project involved a two-part field operational test (FOT). For the Part-1 FOT, three vehicles each from two vocations (urban transit and dry-box delivery) were instrumented for the collection of one year of operational data. The Part-2 FOT involved the towing and recovery and utility vocations for a second year of data collection. The vehicles that participated in the MTDC project did so through gratis partnerships in return for early access to the results of this study. Partnerships such as these are critical to FOTs in which real-world data is being collected. In Part 1 of the project, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) established partnerships with the H.T. Hackney Company (HTH), one of the largest wholesale distributors in the country, distributing products to 21 states; and with Knoxville Area Transit (KAT), the city of Knoxville s transit system, which operates across Knoxville and parts of Knox County. These partnerships and agreements provided ORNL access to three Class-7 day-cab tractors that regularly haul 28 ft pup trailers (HTH) and three Class-7 buses for the collection of duty cycle data. In addition, ORNL collaborated with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to determine if there were possible synergies between this duty cycle data collection effort and FMCSA s need to learn more about the operation and duty cycles of medium trucks. FMCSA s primary interest was in collecting safety data relative to the driver, carrier, and vehicle. In Part 2 of the project, ORNL partnered with the Knoxville Utilities Board, which made available three Class-8 trucks. Fountain City Wrecker Service was also a Part 2 partner, providing three Class-6 rollback trucks. In order to collect the duty cycle and safety-related data, ORNL developed a data acquisition system (DAS) that was placed on each test vehicle. Each signal recorded in this FOT was collected by means of one of the instruments incorporated into each DAS. Other signals were obtained directly from the vehicle s J1939 and J1708 data buses. A VBOX II Lite collected information available from a global positioning system (GPS), including speed, acceleration, and spatial location information at a rate of 5 Hz for the Part 1

Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL; Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL; Siekmann, Adam [ORNL; Thomas, Neil [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Barker, Alan M [ORNL; Knee, Helmut E [ORNL

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Accuracy of Real-time Couch Tracking During 3-dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy, Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy, and Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy for Prostate Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of real-time couch tracking for prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: Intrafractional motion trajectories of 15 prostate cancer patients were the basis for this phantom study; prostate motion had been monitored with the Calypso System. An industrial robot moved a phantom along these trajectories, motion was detected via an infrared camera system, and the robotic HexaPOD couch was used for real-time counter-steering. Residual phantom motion during real-time tracking was measured with the infrared camera system. Film dosimetry was performed during delivery of 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT), step-and-shoot intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). Results: Motion of the prostate was largest in the anterior-posterior direction, with systematic ( N-Ary-Summation ) and random ({sigma}) errors of 2.3 mm and 2.9 mm, respectively; the prostate was outside a threshold of 5 mm (3D vector) for 25.0%{+-}19.8% of treatment time. Real-time tracking reduced prostate motion to N-Ary-Summation =0.01 mm and {sigma} = 0.55 mm in the anterior-posterior direction; the prostate remained within a 1-mm and 5-mm threshold for 93.9%{+-}4.6% and 99.7%{+-}0.4% of the time, respectively. Without real-time tracking, pass rates based on a {gamma} index of 2%/2 mm in film dosimetry ranged between 66% and 72% for 3D-CRT, IMRT, and VMAT, on average. Real-time tracking increased pass rates to minimum 98% on average for 3D-CRT, IMRT, and VMAT. Conclusions: Real-time couch tracking resulted in submillimeter accuracy for prostate cancer, which transferred into high dosimetric accuracy independently of whether 3D-CRT, IMRT, or VMAT was used.

Wilbert, Juergen; Baier, Kurt [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg (Germany)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg (Germany); Hermann, Christian [Department of Computer Sciences VII, Robotics, and Telematics, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg (Germany)] [Department of Computer Sciences VII, Robotics, and Telematics, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg (Germany); Flentje, Michael [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg (Germany)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg (Germany); Guckenberger, Matthias, E-mail: guckenberger_m@klinik.uni-wuerzburg.de [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg (Germany)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg (Germany)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Windows 7 Desktop Support and Administration: Real World Skills for MCITP Certification and Beyond  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A manual for Windows 7 desktop technicians and administrators It is estimated that 90 percent of the worlds computers run Windows. Desktop technicians and administrators need this comprehensive manual to guide them through their daily work with Windows ...

Darril Gibson

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

User-Centered Design Stories: Real-World UCD Case Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intended for both the student and the practitioner, this is the first user-centered design casebook. It follows the Harvard Case study method, where the reader is placed in the role of the decision-maker in a real-life professional situation. In this ... Keywords: User Interfaces

Carol Righi; Janice James

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Steel, cast iron and concrete: security engineering for real world wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

What are the real security issues for a wireless sensor network (WSN) intended to monitor the structural health of a suspension bridge, a subway tunnel or a water distribution pipe? Could an attack on the sensor network cause the structure to collapse? ...

Frank Stajano; Dan Cvrcek; Matt Lewis

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Is integration of communication and technical instruction across the SE curriculum a viable strategy for improving the real-world communication abilities of software engineering graduates?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software engineering educators and trainers are acutely aware that software engineering graduates need strong real-world communication abilities. The National Science Foundation is supporting a three-year project in which industry professionals, CS/SE ...

Gerald C. Gannod; Paul V. Anderson; Janet E. Burge; Andrew Begel

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Electromagnetic Real-Time Tumor Position Monitoring and Dynamic Multileaf Collimator Tracking Using a Siemens 160 MLC: Geometric and Dosimetric Accuracy of an Integrated System  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Dynamic multileaf collimator tracking represents a promising method for high-precision radiotherapy to moving tumors. In the present study, we report on the integration of electromagnetic real-time tumor position monitoring into a multileaf collimator-based tracking system. Methods and Materials: The integrated system was characterized in terms of its geometric and radiologic accuracy. The former was assessed from portal images acquired during radiation delivery to a phantom in tracking mode. The tracking errors were calculated from the positions of the tracking field and of the phantom as extracted from the portal images. Radiologic accuracy was evaluated from film dosimetry performed for conformal and intensity-modulated radiotherapy applied to different phantoms moving on sinusoidal trajectories. A static radiation delivery to the nonmoving target served as a reference for the delivery to the moving phantom with and without tracking applied. Results: Submillimeter tracking accuracy was observed for two-dimensional target motion despite the relatively large system latency of 500 ms. Film dosimetry yielded almost complete recovery of a circular dose distribution with tracking in two dimensions applied: 2%/2 mm gamma-failure rates could be reduced from 59.7% to 3.3%. For single-beam intensity-modulated radiotherapy delivery, accuracy was limited by the finite leaf width. A 2%/2 mm gamma-failure rate of 15.6% remained with tracking applied. Conclusion: The integrated system we have presented marks a major step toward the clinical implementation of high-precision dynamic multileaf collimator tracking. However, several challenges such as irregular motion traces or a thorough quality assurance still need to be addressed.

Krauss, Andreas, E-mail: andreas.krauss@dkfz-heidelberg.d [Department of Medical Physics in Radiation Oncology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg (Germany); Nill, Simeon; Tacke, Martin; Oelfke, Uwe [Department of Medical Physics in Radiation Oncology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg (Germany)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Teaching HS computer science as if the rest of the world existed: rationale for a HS Pre-APCS curriculum of interdisciplinary central-problem-based units that model real-world applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The presentation, an interim report, will focus on the design, implementation and rationale for a pre-APCS HS curriculum of Interdisciplinary Central-Problem-Based units that model real-world applications. In a typical multi-week unit, students use an ... Keywords: K-12 instruction, Pre-APCS, central problem, curriculum, gender / diversity, increasing enrollment, interdisciplinary

Scott R. Portnoff

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

More Than 410,000 Hours of Real-World Fuel Cell System Operation Have Been Analyzed by NREL's Technology Validation Team (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet discusses how researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are working to validate hydrogen and fuel cell systems in real-world settings. NREL strives to provide an independent third-party technology assessment that focuses on fuel cell system and hydrogen infrastructure performance, operation, maintenance, and safety.

Kurtz, J.; Wipke, K.; Sprik, S.; Ramsden, T.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Use of a virtual environment to solve real world problems The research involves a project for homeland security within the Modeling and Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Simulation Group has worked diligently to duplicate virtual nuclear facilities and power plants across certain components are attacked by terrorists. Certain components of a nuclear facility or power plant at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Using the Unreal Engine, nuclear facilities and other real-world plants

51

From the Lab to the real world : sources of error in UF {sub 6} gas enrichment monitoring  

SciTech Connect

Safeguarding uranium enrichment facilities is a serious concern for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Safeguards methods have changed over the years, most recently switching to an improved safeguards model that calls for new technologies to help keep up with the increasing size and complexity of today’s gas centrifuge enrichment plants (GCEPs). One of the primary goals of the IAEA is to detect the production of uranium at levels greater than those an enrichment facility may have declared. In order to accomplish this goal, new enrichment monitors need to be as accurate as possible. This dissertation will look at the Advanced Enrichment Monitor (AEM), a new enrichment monitor designed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Specifically explored are various factors that could potentially contribute to errors in a final enrichment determination delivered by the AEM. There are many factors that can cause errors in the determination of uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) gas enrichment, especially during the period when the enrichment is being measured in an operating GCEP. To measure enrichment using the AEM, a passive 186-keV (kiloelectronvolt) measurement is used to determine the {sup 235}U content in the gas, and a transmission measurement or a gas pressure reading is used to determine the total uranium content. A transmission spectrum is generated using an x-ray tube and a “notch” filter. In this dissertation, changes that could occur in the detection efficiency and the transmission errors that could result from variations in pipe-wall thickness will be explored. Additional factors that could contribute to errors in enrichment measurement will also be examined, including changes in the gas pressure, ambient and UF{sub 6} temperature, instrumental errors, and the effects of uranium deposits on the inside of the pipe walls will be considered. The sensitivity of the enrichment calculation to these various parameters will then be evaluated. Previously, UF{sub 6} gas enrichment monitors have required empty pipe measurements to accurately determine the pipe attenuation (the pipe attenuation is typically much larger than the attenuation in the gas). This dissertation reports on a method for determining the thickness of a pipe in a GCEP when obtaining an empty pipe measurement may not be feasible. This dissertation studies each of the components that may add to the final error in the enrichment measurement, and the factors that were taken into account to mitigate these issues are also detailed and tested. The use of an x-ray generator as a transmission source and the attending stability issues are addressed. Both analytical calculations and experimental measurements have been used. For completeness, some real-world analysis results from the URENCO Capenhurst enrichment plant have been included, where the final enrichment error has remained well below 1% for approximately two months.

Lombardi, Marcie L.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

"Dedicated To The Continued Education, Training and Demonstration of PEM Fuel Cell Powered Lift Trucks In Real-World Applications."  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The project objective was to further assist in the commercialization of fuel cell and H2 technology by building further upon the successful fuel cell lift truck deployments that were executed by LiftOne in 2007, with longer deployments of this technology in real-world applications. We involved facilities management, operators, maintenance personnel, safety groups, and Authorities Having Jurisdiction. LiftOne strived to educate a broad group from many areas of industry and the community as to the benefits of this technology. Included were First Responders from the local areas. We conducted month long deployments with end-users to validate the value proposition and the market requirements for fuel cell powered lift trucks. Management, lift truck operators, Authorities Having Jurisdiction and the general public experienced 'hands on' fuel cell experience in the material handling applications. We partnered with Hydrogenics in the execution of the deployment segment of the program. Air Products supplied the compressed H2 gas and the mobile fueler. Data from the Fuel Cell Power Packs and the mobile fueler was sent to the DOE and NREL as required. Also, LiftOne conducted the H2 Education Seminars on a rotating basis at their locations for lift trucks users and for other selected segments of the community over the project's 36 month duration. Executive Summary The technology employed during the deployments program was not new, as the equipment had been used in several previous demos and early adoptions within the material handling industry. This was the case with the new HyPx Series PEM - Fuel Cell Power Packs used, which had been demo'd before during the 2007 Greater Columbia Fuel Cell Challenge. The Air Products HF-150 Fueler was used outdoors during the deployments and had similarly been used for many previous demo programs. The methods used centered on providing this technology as the power for electric sit-down lift trucks at high profile companies operating large fleets. As a long-standing lift truck dealership, LiftOne was able to introduce the fuel cells to such companies in the demanding applications. Accomplishments vs Objectives: We were successful in respect to the stated objectives. The Education Segment's H2 Education Sessions were able to introduce fuel cell technology to many companies and reached the intended broad audience. Also, demos of the lift truck at the sessions as well as the conferences; expos and area events provided great additional exposure. The Deployments were successful in allowing the 6 participating companies to test the 2 fuel cell powered lift trucks in their demanding applications. One of the 6 sites (BMW) eventually adopted over 80 fuel cells from Plug Power. LiftOne was one of the 3 fuel cell demonstrators at BMW for this trial and played a major role in helping to prove the viability and efficiency of this alternative form of energy for BMW. The other 5 companies that participated in the project's deployments were encouraged by the trials and while not converting over to fuel cell power at this time, expressed the desire to revisit acquisition scenarios in the near future as the cost of fuel cells and infrastructure continue to improve. The Education sessions began in March of 2009 at the 7 LiftOne Branches and continued throughout the duration of the project. Attendees came from a large base of lift truck users in North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia. The sessions were free and invitations were sent out to potential users and companies with intrigue. In addition to the Education content at the sessions (which was offered in a 'H2 101' format), LiftOne was able to demonstrate a working fuel cell powered lift truck, which proved to be a big draw with the 'hands on' experience. LiftOne also demo'd the fuel cell lift trucks at many conferences, expos, professional association meetings, trade shows and 'Green' events in major cities region including Charlotte, Greenville, and Columbia. Such events allowed for H2 Education Material to be presented, and recruit attendees for future sessi

Dever, Thomas J.

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

53

Preliminary Effects of Real-World Factors on the Recovery and Exploitation of Forensic Impurity Profiles of a Nerve-Agent Simulant from Office Media  

SciTech Connect

Dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP) was used as a chemical threat agent (CTA) simulant for a first look at the effects of real-world factors on the recovery and exploitation of a CTA’s impurity profile for source matching. Four stocks of DMMP having different impurity profiles were disseminated as aerosols onto cotton, painted wall board, and nylon coupons according to a thorough experimental design. The DMMP-exposed coupons were then solvent extracted and analyzed for DMMP impurities by comprehensive 2-D gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC×GC/MS). The similarities between the coupon DMMP impurity profiles and the known (reference) DMMP profiles were measured by dot products of the coupon profiles and known profiles and by score values obtained from principal component analysis. One stock, with a high impurity-profile selectivity value of 0.9 out of 1, had 100% of its respective coupons correctly classified and no false positives from other coupons. Coupons from the other three stocks with low selectivity values (0.0073, 0.012, and 0.018) could not be sufficiently distinguished from one another for reliable matching to their respective stocks. The results from this work support that: (1) extraction solvents, if not appropriately selected, can have some of the same impurities present in a CTA reducing a CTA’s useable impurity profile, (2) low selectivity among a CTA’s known impurity profiles will likely make definitive source matching impossible in some real-world conditions, (3) no detrimental chemical-matrix interference was encountered during the analysis of actual office media, (4) a short elapsed time between release and sample storage is advantageous for the recovery of the impurity profile because it minimizes volatilization of forensic impurities, and (5) forensic impurity profiles weighted towards higher volatility impurities are more likely to be altered by volatilization following CTA exposure.

Fraga, Carlos G.; Sego, Landon H.; Hoggard, Jamin C.; Perez Acosta, Gabriel A.; Viglino, Emilie A.; Wahl, Jon H.; Synovec, Robert E.

2012-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

54

TOA-based location estimation accuracy for 3D wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

WSNs are a physical impossibility to be deployed into the area of absolute plane in the context of real-world applications. For all kinds of applications in WSNs accurate location information is crucial. In this article, we focus on 3D location accuracy ... Keywords: 3D, CRB, TOA, wireless sensor networks

Qiao-ling Du; Xiaoying Sun; Rui Ding; Zhi-hong Qian; Shu-xun Wang

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

More Than 410,000 Hours of Real-World Fuel Cell System Operation Have Been Analyzed by NRELs Technology Validation Team (Fact Sheet), Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Highlights (HFCTH), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0362 * February 2011 0362 * February 2011 More Than 410,000 Hours of Real-World Fuel Cell System Operation Have Been Analyzed by NREL's Technology Validation Team Team: Jennifer Kurtz, Keith Wipke, Sam Sprik, and Todd Ramsden Accomplishment: NREL analyzed more than 410,000 hours of real-world fuel cell operation from more than 470 government-funded demonstrations in light-duty vehicle, bus, material handling, and backup power markets. Context: NREL's analyses validates the technology in real-world applications, reports on the technology status, and facilitates the development of fuel cell technologies, manufacturing, and operations in strategic markets-material handling equipment, backup power, and stationary power-where fuel cells can compete with conventional technologies.

56

Real exchange rates, saving and growth: Is there a link? Working Paper 46, Commision on Growth and Development, The World Bank  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The view that policies directed at the real exchange rate can have an important effect on economic growth has been gaining adherents in recent years. Unlike the traditional “misalignment " view that temporary departures of the real exchange rate from its equilibrium level harm growth by distorting a key relative price in the economy, the recent literature stresses the growth effects of the equilibrium real exchange rate itself, with the claim being that a depreciated equilibrium real exchange rate promotes economic growth. While there is no consensus on the precise channels through which this effect is generated, an increasingly common view in policy circles points to saving as the channel of transmission, with the claim that a depreciated real exchange rate raises the domestic saving rate-- which in turn stimulates growth by increasing the rate of capital accumulation. This paper offers a preliminary exploration of this claim. Drawing from standard analytical models, stylized facts on saving and real exchange rates, and existing empirical research on saving determinants, the paper assesses the link between the real exchange rate and saving. Overall, the conclusion is that saving is unlikely to provide the mechanism through which the real exchange rate affects growth.

Peter J. Montiel; Luis Servén

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

A passion for physics, Zoe Martin, receives exposure to real...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for physics student receives exposure to real-world science A passion for physics, Zoe Martin, receives exposure to real-world science Physics undergraduate runs computer...

58

Watthour meter accuracy under controlled unbalanced harmonic voltage and current conditions  

SciTech Connect

This work presents the results of phase 1 of the project on the accuracy of watthour meters when subjected to closely-duplicated real-world unbalanced harmonic voltage and current conditions. Such real-world conditions involved differences in voltage and current magnitudes as well as differences in the voltage and current total harmonic distortion levels of each phase. Tests were performed on a selected sample of nine three-phase and three single-phase watthour meters. Some results showed that under a particular set of unbalanced waveforms with harmonic conditions of I{sub THD} > 80% and V{sub THD} > 2%, the percentage errors exhibited by these meters ranged from {minus}10.09% to +0.52%.

Domijan, A. Jr.; Embriz-Santander, E.; Gilani, A. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Lamer, G.; Stiles, C.; Williams, C.W. Jr. [Florida Power Corp., St. Petersburg, FL (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Real-World Applications of Multiobjective Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This chapter presents a number of illustrative case studies of a wide range of applications of multiobjective optimization methods, in areas ranging from engineering design to medical treatments. The methods used include both conventional mathematical ...

Theodor Stewart; Oliver Bandte; Heinrich Braun; Nirupam Chakraborti; Matthias Ehrgott; Mathias Göbelt; Yaochu Jin; Hirotaka Nakayama; Silvia Poles; Danilo Stefano

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Visual Tracking of Real World Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the progress made towards tracking an object visually using a PIN diode attached to a dual mirror deflection system which enables the PIN diode to "optically point" to any position in two-space. A ...

Speckert, Glen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Website engineering in the real world  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The website has become a staple in the business environment, to provide information and services, and connect business-to-business and business-to-customers. Many sites require re-engineering in order to facilitate the needed complexities and frequent ... Keywords: agility, design, development, usability, website

Chris Gibson

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Real world market representation with agents.  

SciTech Connect

As power markets are relatively new and still continue to evolve, there is a growing need for advanced modeling approaches that simulate the behavior of electricity markets over time and how market participants may act and react to the changing economic, financial and regulatory environments in which they operate. A new and rather promising approach is to model the electricity market as a complex adaptive system using an agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS) approach. The purpose of an ABMS model is not necessarily to predict the outcome of a system but to reveal and understand the complex and aggregate system behaviors that emerge from the interactions of the heterogeneous individual entities. Emergent behavior is a key feature of ABMS and is not easily inferred from the simple sum of the behavior of its components. By relying on both established engineering modeling techniques as well as advanced quantitative economic market principles, the ABMS approach is uniquely suited to addressing the strategic issues of interest to different market participants as well as those of market monitors and regulators.

Koritarov, V.; Decision and Information Sciences

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

String theory and the real world  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We live in exciting times for particle physics. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN has begun to collect data, and laboratory and satellite experiments are investigating the dark matter of the universe. Another, less appreciated fact increases the excitement. Physicists now have a coherent, consistent theoretical framework to address basic questions about particles, the interactions and forces between them, why they are what they are, and how numerous phenomena are related in a broader picture. That framework is ''string theory''. I put the term in scare quotes because there is not yet a final formulation of the theory. But the lack of a finished picture is not important for my purposes, so in this article I refer to the framework as string theory or M-theory. The perspective that string theory is the underlying framework to address many issues facing particle physics and cosmology is different from the more standard description of it as a consistent quantum theory of gravity. But it is a fruitful way to think about what string theory means.

Kane, Gordon [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Electrolyzers Operating in Real-World Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cell subsystems * Operate in tandem for AC power generation (40-50kW) Switchgear (future Stirling Engine-55kW) Electrolyzer wdiaphragm compressor (2.7kghr) ASME certified steel...

65

World Labs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Particle Physics Labs Worldwide Elementary Particles Detectors Accelerators Visit World Labs Brookhaven National Laboratory-RHIC CERN -- European Organization for Nuclear Research...

66

5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5 World Oil Trends Chapter 1 WORLD OIL TRENDS INTRODUCTION In considering the outlook for California's petroleum supplies, it is important to give attention to expecta- tions of what the world oil market. Will world oil demand increase and, if so, by how much? How will world oil prices be affected

67

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Accuracy of published data in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report, the Petroleum Supply Monthly, and the Petroleum Supply Annual.

Tammy G. Heppner

2009-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

68

It's Not Easy Being a Girl in a Man's World: The Daily Experience of Sexual Harassment for Adolescent Girls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Candace Moore THE REAL (PORN) WORLD: THE POLITICS ANDAESTHETICS OF THE NEW REALITY PORN Jennifer Moorman OF

Spears Brown, Christia

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data by Tammy G. Heppner and Carol L. French Overview Petroleum supply data collected by the Petroleum Division (PD) in the Office of Oil and Gas (OOG)...

70

Summary World Oil Data (from World on the Edge) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oil Data (from World on the Edge) Oil Data (from World on the Edge) Dataset Summary Description This dataset presents summary information related to world oil. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R. Brown, available from the Earth Policy Institute. This world oil dataset includes the following data: World oil production (1950 - 2009): Top 20 producing countries (2009); Oil production in U.S. (1900 - 2009); Oil consumption in U.S. (950 - 2010); Oil consumption in China (1965 - 2009); Oil consumption in E.U. (1965 - 2009); Top 20 oil importing countries (2009); World's 20 largest oil discoveries; Real price of gasoline (2007); Retail gas prices by country (2008); and fossil fuel consumption subsidies (2009).

71

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data by Tammy G. Heppner and Carol L. French Overview Petroleum supply data collected by the Petroleum Division (PD) in the Office of Oil and Gas (OOG) of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) showed an improvement in the accuracy of the 2005 data from initial estimates, to interim values, to final values. These data were presented in a series of PD products: the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), This Week in Petroleum (TWIP), the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Weekly estimates in the WPSR and TWIP were the first values available. Figure FE1 illustrates that as reporting and review time passes from the weekly estimates to the interim monthly values to the final petroleum supply values, the EIA is able to produce more accurate petroleum supply data. For the monthly-from-weekly (MFW) data, respondents

72

Detection and tracking of driver's hands in real time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a complete driver's hands detection and tracking system suitable for working in real time conditions has been developed. The proposed system has been successfully tested in close-real world conditions in different scenarios on a very realistic ... Keywords: automotive application, image processing, real time, tracking

Raúl Crespo; Isaac Martín De Diego; Cristina Conde; Enrique Cabello

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Real time sensor for therapeutic radiation delivery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a real time sensor for therapeutic radiation. A probe is placed in or near the patient that senses in real time the dose at the location of the probe. The strength of the dose is determined by either an insertion or an exit probe. The location is determined by a series of vertical and horizontal sensing elements that gives the operator a real time read out dose location relative to placement of the patient. The increased accuracy prevents serious tissue damage to the patient by preventing overdose or delivery of a dose to a wrong location within the body. 14 figs.

Bliss, M.; Craig, R.A.; Reeder, P.L.

1998-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

74

Real time sensor for therapeutic radiation delivery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a real time sensor for therapeutic radiation. A probe is placed in or near the patient that senses in real time the dose at the location of the probe. The strength of the dose is determined by either an insertion or an exit probe. The location is determined by a series of vertical and horizontal sensing elements that gives the operator a real time read out dose location relative to placement of the patient. The increased accuracy prevents serious tissue damage to the patient by preventing overdose or delivery of a dose to a wrong location within the body.

Bliss, Mary (West Richland, WA); Craig, Richard A. (West Richland, WA); Reeder, Paul L. (Richland, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

in in the Office of Oil and Gas (OOG) of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) showed an improvement in the accuracy of the 2006 data from initial estimates, to interim values, to final values. These data were presented in a series of PD products: the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), This Week in Petroleum (TWIP), the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Weekly estimates in the WPSR and TWIP were the first values available. Figure FE1 illustrates that just as there was an improvement in gas mileage over time, there was an improvement in petroleum supply data accuracy with increasing review time. For the monthly-from-weekly (MFW) data, respondents have the shortest reporting time, analysts have the shortest review time, and the data are least accurate. For the PSM data, respondents have a longer reporting time than the weekly, analysts have

76

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data by Tammy G. Heppner and Matthew M. Breslin Overview For 2007, 66 petroleum supply data series were analyzed to determine how close the PSM values were to the final PSA values. For these series, 50 out of the 66 PSM values were within 1 percent of the PSA values in terms of mean absolute percent error as compared to 38 out of 66 in 2006. Sixty-two petroleum supply data series were analyzed to see how close the MFW estimates were to the final PSA values. For these 62 series, 22 MFW estimates were within 2 percent of the PSA values in terms of mean absolute percent error and, of those, 9 were within 1 percent, compared to 27 and 10, respectively, for 2006. Petroleum supply data collected by the Petroleum Division

77

Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Real-World Perspectives from the Federal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by the alternative fuel used: ethanol (E85), methanol (M85), and compressed natural gas (CNG). Because there are very few federal fleet vehicles that run on liquefied petroleum gas...

78

Real-World Research and Testing: Producing and Using Hydrogen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant - design & operations - Hydrogen subsystem - CNG subsystem - Safety system * Fuel Dispensing * Hydrogen & HCNG Internal Combustion...

79

Real world optimal UPFC placement and its impact on reliability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

UPFC allows simultaneous control of active power flow, reactive power flow, and voltage magnitude at the UPFC terminals. These characteristics give UPFC the capability to enhance the performance of the power system during various operating conditions. ... Keywords: genetic algorithm (GA), optimal location, optimal setting, outage cost, reliability, unified power flow controller (UPFC)

Ahmed M. Othman; Exander Gaun; Matti Lehtonen; Mahdi El-Arini

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Presented by Technologies and Real-world Deployments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protocol and the President's Policies to Address Climate Change", Washington, DC, July 1998. (at http-1997", EPA, Washington, DC, April, 1999. (at http://www.epa.gov/globalwarming/emissions/national/ index for Reductions , EPA, Washington, DC, September, 1999. (at http://www.epa.gov/ghginfo) EPA (1998a). Inventory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Learning a scanning understanding for "real-world" library categorization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes, compares, and evaluates three different approaches for learning a semantic classification of library titles: 1) syntactically condensed titles, 2) complete titles, and 3) titles without insignificant words are used for learning ...

Stefan Wermter

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Perspective on Real Monthly World Oil Prices, 1976 - 2000  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

depicted as the average price refiners pay for imported oil, in inflation-adjusted terms. Since US refiners buy crude oil from so many different countries, This is a good...

83

Analysis of Real World Fuel Cell Degradation (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presentation about the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Hydrogen Secure Data Center and its work with fuel cell vehicles, fuel cell early market demonstrations, and fuel cell bus demonstrations. This presentation includes results of composite data products and a summary of the analysis objectives and data flow for the projects.

Kurtz, J.; Wipke, K.; Sprik, S.; Ramsden, T.

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

84

Read real-world service and product provider success stories...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Pacific Tea Co. A&P partners with Advantage IQ and uses ENERGY STAR benchmarking to drive energy savings. Avista Advantage and Food Lion Food Lion has saved nearly 105 million...

85

The perception of material qualities in real-world images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One can easily tell if a sidewalk is slippery, if food is fresh, if a spoon is made of plastic or stainless steel, or if a suspicious looking mole warrants a trip to the doctor. This ability to visually identify and ...

Sharan, Lavanya

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Real-World Graphene Devices May Have a Bumpy Ride  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... state of the graphene, the high electron mobility should make ... graphene, creating wells where the electrons pool and reducing their mobility.". ...

2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

87

Accuracy of a wireless localization system for radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: A system has been developed for patient positioning based on real-time localization of implanted electromagnetic transponders (beacons). This study demonstrated the accuracy of the system before clinical trials. Methods and materials: We describe the overall system. The localization component consists of beacons and a source array. A rigid phantom was constructed to place the beacons at known offsets from a localization array. Tests were performed at distances of 80 and 270 mm from the array and at positions in the array plane of up to 8 cm offset. Tests were performed in air and saline to assess the effect of tissue conductivity and with multiple transponders to evaluate crosstalk. Tracking was tested using a dynamic phantom creating a circular path at varying speeds. Results: Submillimeter accuracy was maintained throughout all experiments. Precision was greater proximal to the source plane ({sigma}x = 0.006 mm, {sigma}y = 0.01 mm, {sigma}z = 0.006 mm), but continued to be submillimeter at the end of the designed tracking range at 270 mm from the array ({sigma}x = 0.27 mm, {sigma}y = 0.36 mm, {sigma}z = 0.48 mm). The introduction of saline and the use of multiple beacons did not affect accuracy. Submillimeter accuracy was maintained using the dynamic phantom at speeds of up to 3 cm/s. Conclusion: This system has demonstrated the accuracy needed for localization and monitoring of position during treatment.

Balter, James M. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)]. E-mail: jbalter@umich.edu; Wright, J. Nelson [Calypso Medical Technologies, Seattle, WA (United States); Newell, Laurence J. [Calypso Medical Technologies, Seattle, WA (United States); Friemel, Barry [Calypso Medical Technologies, Seattle, WA (United States); Dimmer, Steven [Calypso Medical Technologies, Seattle, WA (United States); Cheng, Yuki [Calypso Medical Technologies, Seattle, WA (United States); Wong, John [William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI (United States); Vertatschitsch, Edward [Calypso Medical Technologies, Seattle, WA (United States); Mate, Timothy P. [Swedish Hospital, Seattle, WA (United States)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Hybrid lattice and decision analysis of real options : application to a supply chain strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In many real world systems, two types of uncertainties exist: those that evolve in small, continuous increments and those that may create large, discrete changes in the system. The field of engineering real options posits ...

Quispez-Asin, Nestor

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Liquid real estate investment fund in Latin America : analysis of worldwide best practices and portfolio proposal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work was inspired by three factors: as real estate increasingly becomes a global investment option, investors around the world turn their attention to real estate emerging markets, such as the Latin American one, ...

Martinez, Andres (Martinez Sanchez Hidalgo)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Cautionary tales from real world failures for managing security in the cyber world  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Any field of endeavor benefits from a body of knowledge of failures that provide guidance on what to avoid. As a relatively young discipline whose failures can often be handled privately, information security professionals do not have access to the volume ... Keywords: bridges, catastrophic failure, civil engineering, failure, lessons learned

Bill Naber

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

2005 World Oleochemical Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This CD-ROM is a compilation of the PowerPoint presentations given at the 2005 World Oleochemical Conference, Meeting Demands of the Future, held 10-13 April 2005, Athens, Greece. 2005 World Oleochemical Conference DVD & CD-ROMs Food Science & Technology

92

Electricity Real Options Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

Broszkiewicz-Suwaj, E

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Electricity Real Options Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

Ewa Broszkiewicz-Suwaj

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

94

Wind World | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Jump to: navigation, search Name Wind World Place Denmark Sector Wind energy Product WindWorld was a turbine manufacturer that was purchased by NEG Micon in 1998. NEG Micon...

95

JAVA & Parallelism/Real-time systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Windowing Toolkit (AWT) in a memory-efficient way. JAVA Application Environment (JAE) Support enables the same applets and applications to run on other servers or platforms running the JAVA Virtual Machine. CHAPTER 2 Embedded and Real-Time JAVA According to the designers at Sun Microsystems, is JAVA also suitable for Embedded or Real-Time systems. Before proceeding further it is worth trying to define the phrase `real-time system' more precisely. 2.1 Definition of a real-time system There are many interpretations of the exact nature of a real-time system; however, they all have in common the notion of response time, the time taken for the system to generate output from some associated input. The Oxford Dictionary of Computing [48] gives the following definition of a real-time system. A real-time system is... Any system in which the time at which output is produced is significant. This is usually because the input corresponds to some movement in the physical world, and the output ha...

D. F. Nooren

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

world | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

world world Dataset Summary Description Total annual carbon dioxide emissions by country, 2005 to 2009 (million metric tons). Compiled by Energy Information Administration (EIA). Source EIA Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords carbon dioxide emissions EIA world Data text/csv icon total_carbon_dioxide_emissions_from_the_consumption_of_energy_2005_2009million_metric_tons.csv (csv, 12.3 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2005 - 2009 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote

97

Brane World Black Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Five dimensional neutral rotating black rings are described from a Randall-Sundrum brane world perspective in the bulk black string framework. To this end we consider a rotating black string extension of a five dimensional black ring into the bulk of a six dimensional Randall-Sundrum brane world with a single four brane. The bulk solution intercepts the four brane in a five dimensional black ring with the usual curvature singularity on the brane. The bulk geodesics restricted to the plane of rotation of the black ring are constructed and their projections on the four brane match with the usual black ring geodesics restricted to the same plane. The asymptotic nature of the bulk geodesics are elucidated with reference to a bulk singularity at the AdS horizon. We further discuss the description of a brane world black ring as a limit of a boosted bulk black 2 brane with periodic identification.

Anurag Sahay; Gautam Sengupta

2007-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

98

World Fossil Fuel Economics - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jan 1, 1971 ... World Fossil Fuel Economics ... in world energy demand, particularly in the U. S. and Europe; the consumption patterns and cost patterns of oil, ...

99

Assessing Forecast Accuracy Measures Department of Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing Forecast Accuracy Measures Zhuo Chen Department of Economics Heady Hall 260 Iowa State forecast accuracy measures. In the theoretical direction, for comparing two forecasters, only when the errors are stochastically ordered, the ranking of the forecasts is basically independent of the form

100

World Natural Gas, 1978  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

World marketed production of natural gas in 1978 totaled 51.749 trillion CF (up from 50.1 TCF in 1977); this 3.3% increase, however, was slightly lower than 1977's 3.7% rise. US production, which fell 0.3% dropped to 38.6% of the world total, while the USSR share (13.137 TCF) accounted for 25.4% (for a growth rate of 7.5%). Of the world gross production of 62.032 TCF, 69.7% came from gas wells; the remainder was associated with oil. Thirty-one percent of the 10.282 TCF difference between gross and marketed gas production was used for oil reservoir repressuring, while the balance (7.094 TCF) was vented and flared. Internationally traded gas movements rose to 11.6% of production. The Netherlands, the USSR, and Canada accounted for 30.6%, 20.1% and 14.7%, respectively, of total 1978 exports. At 0.956 TCF, LNG shipments accounted for 15.9% of world trade, a 35.2% higher share than in 1977; most of this growth was due to increased Indonesia-to-Japan volumes.

Not Available

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

World energy consumption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Historical and projected world energy consumption information is displayed. The information is presented by region and fuel type, and includes a world total. Measurements are in quadrillion Btu. Sources of the information contained in the table are: (1) history--Energy Information Administration (EIA), International Energy Annual 1992, DOE/EIA-0219(92); (2) projections--EIA, World Energy Projections System, 1994. Country amounts include an adjustment to account for electricity trade. Regions or country groups are shown as follows: (1) Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), US (not including US territories), which are included in other (ECD), Canada, Japan, OECD Europe, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, other Europe, and other OECD; (2) Eurasia--China, former Soviet Union, eastern Europe; (3) rest of world--Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and other countries not included in any other group. Fuel types include oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, and other. Other includes hydroelectricity, geothermal, solar, biomass, wind, and other renewable sources.

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

world-class professionals.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World-class facilities 20 Enjoy sports and activities Your studies 24 Study options 28 English Language 30 Faculties 32 Subject areas Essential information 42 How to apply 44 Visa information 46 Fees and teaching facilities - underpinned by a £350million investment programme, and combined with first

103

World Energy Outlook 2008  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

OECD/IEA - OECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 To Cover... To Cover To Cover ... ... Transport Energy and CO 2 Where are we going? What are the dangers? How do we change direction? Primarily reporting on: IEA WEO 2008 IEA ETP 2008 On-going work with IEA's Mobility Model One or two detours to talk about modelling © OECD/IEA - 2008 0 2 000 4 000 6 000 8 000 10 000 12 000 14 000 16 000 18 000 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 Mtoe Other renewables Hydro Nuclear Biomass Gas Coal Oil World energy demand expands by 45% between now and 2030 - an average rate of increase of 1.6% per year - with coal accounting for more than a third of the overall rise Where are we headed? World Energy Outlook 2008 Where are we headed? World Energy Outlook Where are we headed? World Energy Outlook

104

2 World Oil Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.eia.gov Crude oil prices react to a variety of geopolitical and economic events price per barrel (real 2010 dollars, quarterly average) 140 120 imported refiner acquisition cost of crude oil WTI crude oil price Global financial collapse 100 80 60 U.S. spare capacity exhausted Iran-Iraq War Saudis abandon swing producer role Asian financial crisis 9-11 attacks Low spare capacity

Adam Sieminski Administrator; Adam Sieminski; Adam Sieminski

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A Quest for Measuring Ion Bunch Longitudinal Profiles with One Picosecond Accuracy in the SNS Linac.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The SNS linac utilizes several accelerating structures operating at different frequencies and with different transverse focusing structures. Low-loss beam transport requires a careful matching at the transition points in both the transverse and longitudinal axes. Longitudinal beam parameters are measured using four Bunch Shape Monitors (used at many ion accelerator facilities, aka Feschenko devices). These devices, as initially delivered to the SNS, provided an estimated accuracy of about 5 picoseconds, which was sufficient for the initial beam commissioning. New challenges of improving beam transport for higher power operation will require measuring bunch profiles with 1-2 picoseconds accuracy. We have successfully implemented a number of improvements to maximize the performance characteristics of the delivered devices. We will discuss the current status of this instrument, its ultimate theoretical limit of accuracy, and how we measure its accuracy and resolution with real beam conditions.

Aleksandrov, Alexander V [ORNL; Dickson, Richard W [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

EULER - A Real Virtual Library for Mathematics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The EULER project completed its work in November 2002. It forms the last part of a very successful project in the specialized but global discipline of mathematics. After a successful RTD project had created the technology, a take-up project has effectively exploited it to the point where its future is assured through a not-for-profit consortium. EULER is a European based, world class, real virtual library for mathematics with up-to-date technological solutions, well accepted by users. In particular, EULER provides a world reference and delivery service, transparent to the end user and offering full coverage of the mathematics literature world-wide, including bibliographic data, peer reviews and/or abstracts, indexing, classification and search, transparent access to library services, co-operation with commercial information providers (publishers, bookstores). The EULER services provide a gateway to the electronic catalogues and repositories of participating institutions, while the latter retain complete respo...

Jost, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

On the Accuracy of Heat Storage Computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Routinely taken oceanographic data from 55 temperature sections across the North Pacific Current along 158°W between Hawaii and Alaska are used to determine the accuracy of heat storage computations. Errors caused by the use of different ...

Klaus Wyrtki; Leslie Uhrich

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

On the Accuracy of Omega Diagnostic Computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accuracies of algorithms used to compute quasi-geostrophic diagnostic parameters such as Hoskins' Q-vector and its divergence are evaluated. Analytically-determined height values are invoked at grid points representing three pressure surfaces,...

Stanley L. Barnes

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

HES-Accuracy-2013_small.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

i s R arely W ell---defined Accuracy o f W hat? * Modeling * Programming b ugs * Audit d ata * Default v alues v . O pera.onal * User i nputsoperator * Measured d ata & w...

110

Prediction accuracy of link-quality estimators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accuracy of link-quality estimators (LQE) is missioncritical in many application scenarios in wireless sensor networks (WSN), since the link-quality metric is used for routing decisions or neighborhood formation. Link-quality estimation must offer ...

Christian Renner; Sebastian Ernst; Christoph Weyer; Volker Turau

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Improving RUC-1 Wind Estimates by Incorporating Near-Real-Time Aircraft Reports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A verification study of wind accuracy is presented for wind nowcasts generated by augmenting Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) wind forecasts with near-real-time aircraft reports using the Integrated Terminal Weather System (ITWS) gridded winds algorithm. ...

Rodney E. Cole; Steve M. Green; Matt R. Jardin

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

An Idealized Model of the World Ocean. Part I: The Global-Scale Water Masses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A primitive equation, three-dimensional numerical model of the ocean, employing idealized versions of the real topography and surface boundary conditions, is used to study the water mass structure of the World Ocean. In particular, the response ...

Michael D. Cox

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Real-time shading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time procedural shading was once seen as a distant dream. When the first version of this course was offered four years ago, real-time shading was possible, but only with one-of-a-kind hardware or by combining the effects of tens to hundreds of rendering ...

Marc Olano; Kurt Akeley; John C. Hart; Wolfgang Heidrich; Michael McCool; Jason L. Mitchell; Randi Rost

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Summary World Biofuels Energy Data (from World on the Edge) ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

related to world biofuels production. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R....

115

World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: World Electricity Model  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS+) World Electricity Model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

116

World Oil Refining Logistics Demand Model "World" Reference Manual  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This manual is intended primarily for use as a reference by analysts applying the WORLD model to regional studies. It also provides overview information on WORLD features of potential interest to managers and analysts.

Information Center

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Our World Argonne's  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

At Argonne National Laboratory, we passionately pursue At Argonne National Laboratory, we passionately pursue energy-efficient technologies and renewable energy innovations that contribute to a better, cleaner future for all. Energy to Renew Our World Argonne's Research in Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy As we begin our journey into the 21st century, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory continues to make significant contributions to the nation's health and well being by delivering achievements in energy technology development and deployment. We are working toward technological

118

Real-Time Face Detection in Color Video  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a novel and fast facedetection algorithm for detecting face in color videosequences. This algorithm can be integrated into a real-timesurveillance or a video retrieval or indexing system.We focus on both speed and accuracy in ...

Szu-Hao Huang; Shang-Hong Lai

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

A World Wide Web Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A World Wide Web Update The Center for Building Science now has a World Wide Web homepage accessible from the general LBL homepage. Through WWW and the Mosaic browser, Internet...

120

WATER-TRAPPED WORLDS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although tidally locked habitable planets orbiting nearby M-dwarf stars are among the best astronomical targets to search for extrasolar life, they may also be deficient in volatiles and water. Climate models for this class of planets show atmospheric transport of water from the dayside to the nightside, where it is precipitated as snow and trapped as ice. Since ice only slowly flows back to the dayside upon accumulation, the resulting hydrological cycle can trap a large amount of water in the form of nightside ice. Using ice sheet dynamical and thermodynamical constraints, I illustrate how planets with less than about a quarter the Earth's oceans could trap most of their surface water on the nightside. This would leave their dayside, where habitable conditions are met, potentially dry. The amount and distribution of residual liquid water on the dayside depend on a variety of geophysical factors, including the efficiency of rock weathering at regulating atmospheric CO{sub 2} as dayside ocean basins dry up. Water-trapped worlds with dry daysides may offer similar advantages as land planets for habitability, by contrast with worlds where more abundant water freely flows around the globe.

Menou, Kristen [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, 550 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

World Bank Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

purpose of this Good Practice Note is to increase the awareness of the health risks related to occupational asbestos exposure, provide a list of resources on international good practices available to minimize these risks, and present an overview of some of the available product alternatives on the market. The need to address asbestos-containing materials (ACM) as a hazard is no longer under debate but a widely accepted fact. Practices regarding asbestos that are normally considered acceptable by the World Bank Group (WBG) in projects supported through its lending or other instruments are addressed in the WBG’s General Environmental, Health and Safety (EHS) Guidelines. 1 This Good Practice Note provide background and context for the guidance in the WBG EHS Guidelines. Good practice is to minimize the health risks associated with ACM by avoiding their use in new construction and renovation, and, if installed asbestos-containing materials are encountered, by using internationally recognized standards and best practices (such as those presented in Appendix 3) to mitigate their impact. In all cases, the Bank expects borrowers and other clients of World Bank funding to use alternative materials wherever feasible.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

World Biofuels Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report forms part of a project entitled 'World Biofuels Study'. The objective is to study world biofuel markets and to examine the possible contribution that biofuel imports could make to help meet the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA). The study was sponsored by the Biomass Program of the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), U.S. Department of Energy. It is a collaborative effort among the Office of Policy and International Affairs (PI), Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The project consisted of three main components: (1) Assessment of the resource potential for biofuel feedstocks such as sugarcane, grains, soybean, palm oil and lignocellulosic crops and development of supply curves (ORNL). (2) Assessment of the cost and performance of biofuel production technologies (NREL). (3) Scenario-based analysis of world biofuel markets using the ETP global energy model with data developed in the first parts of the study (BNL). This report covers the modeling and analysis part of the project conducted by BNL in cooperation with PI. The Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP) energy system model was used as the analytical tool for this study. ETP is a 15 region global model designed using the MARKAL framework. MARKAL-based models are partial equilibrium models that incorporate a description of the physical energy system and provide a bottom-up approach to study the entire energy system. ETP was updated for this study with biomass resource data and biofuel production technology cost and performance data developed by ORNL and NREL under Tasks 1 and 2 of this project. Many countries around the world are embarking on ambitious biofuel policies through renewable fuel standards and economic incentives. As a result, the global biofuel demand is expected to grow very rapidly over the next two decades, provided policymakers stay the course with their policy goals. This project relied on a scenario-based analysis to study global biofuel markets. Scenarios were designed to evaluate the impact of different policy proposals and market conditions. World biofuel supply for selected scenarios is shown in Figure 1. The reference case total biofuel production increases from 12 billion gallons of ethanol equivalent in 2005 to 54 billion gallons in 2020 and 83 billion gallons in 2030. The scenarios analyzed show volumes ranging from 46 to 64 billion gallons in 2020, and from about 72 to about 100 billion gallons in 2030. The highest production worldwide occurs in the scenario with high feedstock availability combined with high oil prices and more rapid improvements in cellulosic biofuel conversion technologies. The lowest global production is found in the scenario with low feedstock availability, low oil prices and slower technology progress.

Alfstad,T.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

REAL ESTATE PROCESS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REAL ESTATE PROCESS REAL ESTATE PROCESS TABLE OF CONTENTS DISCLAIMER The content of this information is somewhat dated and not specifically reflective of actual documents in use. It is provided for reference only and as such provides a vast wealth of information and corporate knowledge. Any information taken from this source should be referenced against modern standards. The sources for such are the Federal Management Regulations, Code of Federal Regulations, DOE Orders, Guides and written policy. Additional information is available from variety of agency websites. Most leasing requirements can be found at the GSA website. DOE Real Estate Process.................................................................. Page 1 Appendix 1.................................................................................. Page 3

124

THE REAL ESTATE ROUNDTABLE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of of THE REAL ESTATE ROUNDTABLE to the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Regarding Request for Information Published at 75 Fed. Reg. 26,203 (May 11, 2010) "Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy" July 12, 2010 Board of Directors Chairman Daniel M. Neidich Chief Executive Officer Dune Real Estate Partners President and CEO Jeffrey D. DeBoer Secretary Robert S. Taubman Chairman, President and CEO Taubman Centers, Inc. Treasurer Jeffrey Schwartz Chairman Global Logistic Properties Jamie Behar Managing Director - Real Estate And Alternative Investments Chairman of the Board

125

Real Time Pricing and the Real Live Firm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

response to electricity real-time prices: short run and longwith respect to real time prices has not been extensivelywere linked to real-time prices, most customers indicated

Moezzi, Mithra; Goldman, Charles; Sezgen, Osman; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

A Review and Analysis of Commercial User Modeling Servers for Personalization on the World Wide Web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this article is to present and discuss selected commercial user modeling systems against the background of deployment requirements in real-world environments. Following the recent trend towards personalization on the World Wide Web, these ... Keywords: commercial user modeling, company profiles, customer relationship management, deployment requirements, electronic commerce, one-to-one marketing, personalization, product reviews, user modeling servers

Josef Fink; Alfred Kobsa

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

World nuclear outlook 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the EIA program to provide energy information, this analysis report presents the current status and projections through 2015 of nuclear capacity, generation, and fuel cycle requirements for all countries in the world using nuclear power to generate electricity for commercial use. It also contains information and forecasts of developments in the uranium market. Long-term projections of US nuclear capacity, generation, and spent fuel discharges for two different scenarios through 2040 are developed for the Department of Energy`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). In turn, the OCRWM provides partial funding for preparation of this report. The projections of uranium requirements are provided to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) for preparation of the Nuclear Energy Agency/OECD report, Summary of Nuclear Power and Fuel Cycle Data in OECD Member Countries.

NONE

1995-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

128

World nuclear outlook 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the EIA program to provide energy information, this analysis report presents the current status and projections through 2010 of nuclear capacity, generation, and fuel cycle requirements for all countries in the world using nuclear power to generate electricity for commercial use. It also contains information and forecasts of developments in the uranium market. Long-term projections of US nuclear capacity, generation, and spent fuel discharges for three different scenarios through 2040 are developed for the Department of Energy`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). In turn, the OCRWM provides partial funding for preparation of this report. The projections of uranium requirements are provided to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) for preparation of the Nuclear Energy Agency/OECD report, Summary of Nuclear Power and Fuel Cycle Data in OECD Member Countries.

NONE

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Garbage Collecting the World  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributed symbolic computations involve the existence of remote references allowing an object, local to a processor, to designate another object located on another processor. To reclaim inaccessible objects is the non trivial task of a distributed Garbage Collector (GC). We present in this paper a new distributed GC algorithm which (i) is faulttolerant, (ii ) is largely independent of how a processor garbage collects its own data space, (iii ) does not need centralized control nor global stop-the-world synchronization, (iv) allows for multiple concurrent active GCs, (v) does not require to migrate objects from processor to processor and (vi) eventually reclaims all inaccessible objects including distributed cycles. These results are mainly obtained through the concept of a group of processors (or processes). Processors of a same group cooperate together to a GC inside this group; this GC is conservative with respect to the outside of the group. A processor contributes to the glob...

Bernard Lang; Christian Queinnec; José Piquer

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Robust and accurate global vision system for real time tracking of multiple mobile robots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new global vision system for tracking of multiple mobile robots. To the best knowledge of the authors it outperforms all existing global vision systems with respect to measurement precision and accuracy, high speed and real time ... Keywords: Global vision, Intelligent space, Multirobot systems, Real time object tracking, Robot soccer

Mišel Brezak; Ivan Petrovi?; Edouard Ivanjko

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Accuracy of Atmospheric Energy Budgets from Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Issues relevant to achieving an accuracy of better than 10 W m?2 on 250-km scales for monthly means in the atmospheric energy balance are explored from the standpoint of the formulation and computational procedures using the National Centers for ...

Kevin E. Trenberth; David P. Stepaniak; Julie M. Caron

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Real time wind turbine simulator.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A novel dynamic real-time wind turbine simulator (WTS) is developed in this thesis, which is capable of reproducing dynamic behavior of real wind turbine. The… (more)

Gong, Bing

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Using statistical process control to monitor inventory accuracy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Inventory accuracy is critical for almost all industrial environments such as distribution, warehousing, and retail. It is quite common for companies with exceptional inventory accuracy… (more)

Huschka, Kyle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

the World Wide Web  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

technical report has been made technical report has been made electronically available on the World Wide Web through a contribution from Walter L. Warnick In honor of Enrico Fermi Leader of the first nuclear reactor, Nobel Prize winner, and visionary technologist Dr. Warnick is delighted to be the first sponsor for posting a Department of Energy technical report and making it broadly available Office of Scientific and Technical Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy September 2008 osti.gov U N I T E D S T A T E S A T O M I C E N E R G Y C O M M I S S I O N AECD-3269 EXPERIMENTAL PRODUCTION OF A DNERGENT CHAIN REACTION BY E. Fermi January 4, 1952 [TIS Issuance ate] [chicago University] - T e c h n i c a l I n f o r m a t i o n S e r v i c e , O a k Ridge, T e n n e s s e e r ABSTRACTS Description of the construction and operation of the chain

135

Iolani School from Honolulu, Hawaii Wins U.S. Department of Energy Real  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Iolani School from Honolulu, Hawaii Wins U.S. Department of Energy Iolani School from Honolulu, Hawaii Wins U.S. Department of Energy Real World Design Challenge Iolani School from Honolulu, Hawaii Wins U.S. Department of Energy Real World Design Challenge March 21, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that Iolani School from Honolulu, Hawaii is the winner of the DOE's 2009 Real World Design Challenge. Fifty-four high school students representing 10 states from across the Nation competed in the National Challenge. The finals were held at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum. "I would like to offer my congratulations to all of the students who competed in the Real World Design Challenge," U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu said. "Today's competition shows that U.S. students, when

136

Recognition of business opportunities for Chinese private investors in U.S. real estate market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real estate investment is becoming increasingly international. As China's economy rises as a major force in the world, its continuous growth in fiscal surpluses and accumulation of wealth are making up an expanding segment ...

Wang, Ya, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Oils and Fats World Market Update 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of the Oils and Fats World Market Update 2011 Oils and Fats World Market Update 2011 Izmir, Turkey Oils and Fats World Market Update 2011 ...

138

Oils and Fats World Market Update 2013  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of AOCS Oils and Fats World Market Update 2013 Oils and Fats World Market Update 2013 Kiev, Ukraine Oils and Fats World Market Update 2013 ...

139

6th World Conference on Detergents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of 6th World Conference on Detergents. 6th World Conference on Detergents Montreux , Switzerland 6th World Conference on Detergents ...

140

October 2009Rethinking Real Time Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most US consumers are charged a near-constant retail price for electricity, despite substantial hourly variation in the wholesale market price. This paper evaluates the …rst program to expose residential consumers to hourly real time pricing (RTP). I …nd that enrolled households are statistically signi…cantly price elastic and that consumers responded by conserving energy during peak hours, but remarkably did not increase average consumption during o¤-peak times. Welfare analysis suggests that program households were not su ¢ ciently price elastic to generate e ¢ ciency gains that substantially outweigh the estimated costs of the advanced electricity meters required to observe hourly consumption. Although in electricity pricing, congestion pricing, and many other settings, economists’intuition is that prices should be aligned with marginal costs, residential RTP may provide an important real-world example of a situation where this is not currently welfare-enhancing given contracting or information costs.

Hunt Allcott; Hunt Allcott; Bill Hogan; Erich Muehlegger; Larry Katz; Erin Mansur; Sendhil Mullainathan; Paul Niehaus; Chris Nosko; Ariel Pakes; Dave Rapson; Rob Stavins; Frank Wolak

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

2008 world direct reduction statistics  

SciTech Connect

This supplement discusses total direct reduced iron (DRI) production for 2007 and 2008 by process. Total 2008 production by MIDREX(reg sign) direct reduction process plants was over 39.8 million tons. The total of all coal-based processes was 17.6 million tons. Statistics for world DRI production are also given by region for 2007 and 2008 and by year (1970-2009). Capacity utilization for 2008 by process is given. World DRI production by region and by process is given for 1998-2008 and world DRI shipments are given from the 1970s to 2008. A list of world direct reduction plants is included.

NONE

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

World Trade Center Investigation Status  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Approximately half (51%) of WTC occupants had never used a stairwell at the World Trade Center prior to ... fine, the electricity was fine…” (70's) ...

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

143

On the Accuracy of Regulatory Cost Estimates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

On the Accuracy of Regulatory Cost Estimates On the Accuracy of Regulatory Cost Estimates Speaker(s): Richard Morgenstern Date: December 10, 2013 - 12:00pm - 1:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Alan Sanstad Margaret Taylor Over the past several decades, the U.S. has seen a gradual reduction in economic regulation and a simultaneous increase in safety, health, environmental, and other social regulations. Especially with the prospect of regulation on greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act, there is growing concern about the costs, effectiveness, and benefits of federal rules. While prospective or ex ante analyses of the benefits and costs of major federal regulations are now a standard part of government operations, retrospective or ex post analyses, focusing on measurements of actual

144

Los Alamos supercomputer remains fastest in world  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

world Los Alamos supercomputer remains fastest in world The latest list of the TOP500 computers in the world continued to place the Roadrunner supercomputer as fastest in the world...

145

Federal Real Property Council Guidance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Real Property Council Federal Real Property Council Guidance for Improved Asset Management December 22, 2004 Federal Real Property Council Guidance for Improved Asset Management Table of Contents I. Overview............................................................................. 1 II. Guiding Principles .................................................................... 3 III. Asset Management Plan - Required Components............................... 4 IV. Asset Management Plan - "Shelf Document".................................. 5 V. Inventory Data Elements and Performance Measures Definitions.......... 26 i Federal Real Property Council Guidance for Improved Asset Management I. Overview On February 4, 2004, President Bush signed Executive Order 13327, "Federal Real Property

146

Definition Is it real?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The "Peak Oil" paper by Kharecha and Hansen has been accepted for publication in Global Biogeochemical, with the exact peak CO2 depending on the true amount of oil and gas reserves, about which there is some dispute depends on the assumption that the world does not turn to unconventional fossil fuels (such as tar shale

Boisvert, Jeff

147

The World Energy Projection System  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Energy Projection System World Energy Projection System May 1998 Continuing with this release, annual updates to the model will be available. Check this space for scheduled future releases. Note: If you are familiar with the model and just wish to download the latest version, click HERE. The World Energy Projection System The projections of world energy consumption published annually by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in the International Energy Outlook (IEO) are derived from the World Energy Projection System (WEPS). WEPS is an integrated set of personal computer-based spreadsheets containing data compilations, assumption specifications, descriptive analysis procedures, and projection models. The WEPS accounting framework incorporates projections from independently documented models and assumptions about the

148

Summary World Oil Data (from World on the Edge)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oil Data (from World on the Edge) This dataset presents summary...

149

world bank | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

world bank world bank Dataset Summary Description No description given. Source World Bank Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords coal energy imports energy production energy use fossil fuels Fuel global Hydroelectric international nuclear oil renewables statistical statistics world bank Data application/zip icon Data in XML Format (zip, 1 MiB) application/zip icon Data in Excel Format (zip, 1.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 1970 - 2007 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Summary of Usage Terms ---------------------- You are free to copy, distribute, adapt, display or include the data in other products for commercial and noncommercial purposes at no cost subject to certain limitations summarized below. You must include attribution for the data you use in the manner indicated in the metadata included with the data. You must not claim or imply that The World Bank endorses your use of the data by or use The World Bank's logo(s) or trademark(s) in conjunction with such use. Other parties may have ownership interests in some of the materials contained on The World Bank Web site. For example, we maintain a list of some specific data within the Datasets that you may not redistribute or reuse without first contacting the original content provider, as well as information regarding how to contact the original content provider. Before incorporating any data in other products, please check the list: Terms of use: Restricted Data. The World Bank makes no warranties with respect to the data and you agree The World Bank shall not be liable to you in connection with your use of the data. Links ----- Summary of Terms: http://data.worldbank.org/summary-terms-of-use Detailed Usage Terms: http://www.worldbank.org/terms-datasets

150

Real Time Pricing and the Real Live Firm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2002. “Industrial response to electricity real-time prices:industrial customer operated their facility using hourly electricity prices

Moezzi, Mithra; Goldman, Charles; Sezgen, Osman; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

High accuracy electronic material level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The High Accuracy Electronic Material Level Sensor (electronic dipstick) is a sensor based on time domain reflectometry (TDR) of very short electrical pulses. Pulses are propagated along a transmission line or guide wire that is partially immersed in the material being measured; a launcher plate is positioned at the beginning of the guide wire. Reflected pulses are produced at the material interface due to the change in dielectric constant. The time difference of the reflections at the launcher plate and at the material interface are used to determine the material level. Improved performance is obtained by the incorporation of: 1) a high accuracy time base that is referenced to a quartz crystal, 2) an ultrawideband directional sampler to allow operation without an interconnect cable between the electronics module and the guide wire, 3) constant fraction discriminators (CFDs) that allow accurate measurements regardless of material dielectric constants, and reduce or eliminate errors induced by triple-transit or "ghost" reflections on the interconnect cable. These improvements make the dipstick accurate to better than 0.1%.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Accuracy of flow hoods in residential applications  

SciTech Connect

To assess whether houses can meet performance expectations, the new practice of residential commissioning will likely use flow hoods to measure supply and return grille airflows in HVAC systems. Depending on hood accuracy, these measurements can be used to determine if individual rooms receive adequate airflow for heating and cooling, to determine flow imbalances between different building spaces, to estimate total air handler flow and supply/return imbalances, and to assess duct air leakage. This paper discusses these flow hood applications and the accuracy requirements in each case. Laboratory tests of several residential flow hoods showed that these hoods can be inadequate to measure flows in residential systems. Potential errors are about 20% to 30% of measured flow, due to poor calibrations, sensitivity to grille flow non-uniformities, and flow changes from added flow resistance. Active flow hoods equipped with measurement devices that are insensitive to grille airflow patterns have an order of magnitude less error, and are more reliable and consistent in most cases. Our tests also show that current calibration procedures for flow hoods do not account for field application problems. As a result, a new standard for flow hood calibration needs to be developed, along with a new measurement standard to address field use of flow hoods. Lastly, field evaluation of a selection of flow hoods showed that it is possible to obtain reasonable results using some flow hoods if the field tests are carefully done, the grilles are appropriate, and grille location does not restrict flow hood placement.

Wray, Craig P.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Dust trajectory sensor: Accuracy and data analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Dust Trajectory Sensor (DTS) instrument is developed for the measurement of the velocity vector of cosmic dust particles. The trajectory information is imperative in determining the particles' origin and distinguishing dust particles from different sources. The velocity vector also reveals information on the history of interaction between the charged dust particle and the magnetospheric or interplanetary space environment. The DTS operational principle is based on measuring the induced charge from the dust on an array of wire electrodes. In recent work, the DTS geometry has been optimized [S. Auer, E. Gruen, S. Kempf, R. Srama, A. Srowig, Z. Sternovsky, and V Tschernjawski, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 084501 (2008)] and a method of triggering was developed [S. Auer, G. Lawrence, E. Gruen, H. Henkel, S. Kempf, R. Srama, and Z. Sternovsky, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 622, 74 (2010)]. This article presents the method of analyzing the DTS data and results from a parametric study on the accuracy of the measurements. A laboratory version of the DTS has been constructed and tested with particles in the velocity range of 2-5 km/s using the Heidelberg dust accelerator facility. Both the numerical study and the analyzed experimental data show that the accuracy of the DTS instrument is better than about 1% in velocity and 1 deg. in direction.

Xie, J.; Horanyi, M. [NASA Lunar Science Institute: Colorado Center for Lunar Dust and Atmospheric Studies, and Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Departments of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Sternovsky, Z. [NASA Lunar Science Institute: Colorado Center for Lunar Dust and Atmospheric Studies, and Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Gruen, E.; Duncan, N.; Drake, K.; Le, H. [NASA Lunar Science Institute: Colorado Center for Lunar Dust and Atmospheric Studies, and Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Auer, S. [A and M Associates, P. O. Box 421, Basye, Virginia 22810 (United States); Srama, R. [Max-Planck-Institute for Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg 69029 (Germany); Institute of Space Systems, University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart 70569 (Germany)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Travel Notes - World Market Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Travel notes, air travel, rail travel. Travel Notes - World Market Update Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Processing Elearning Olive oil Industry Events Industrial Oil Products Abstracts Program Travel Hotel Short Courses Exhibits Regi

155

The world price of coal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A significant increase in the seaborne trade for coal over the past twenty years has unified formerly separate coal markets into a world market in which prices move in tandem. Due to its large domestic market, the United ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Hewlett and Anderson- New World  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Richard G. Hewlett and Oscar E. Anderson, Jr. The New World, 1939-1946. Volume I: A History of the Atomic Energy Commission. 1962. Text in each PDF is fully searchable.

157

Wartime Figures (World War II)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3. Before joining the Manhattan Project, Enrico Fermi built the world's first nuclear reactor, and had already won a Nobel Prize in part for his discovery of new elements. At Los...

158

World Year of Physics 2005  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IMAGE: World Year of Physics 2005 nameplate Berkeley Lab logo Berkeley Lab Celebrates World Year of Physics 2005 Berkeley Lab Web Search Berkeley Lab Phone Book Berkeley Lab A-Z Index Berkeley Lab Privacy and Security Notice IMAGE: World Year of Physics 2005 nameplate Berkeley Lab logo Berkeley Lab Celebrates World Year of Physics 2005 Berkeley Lab Web Search Berkeley Lab Phone Book Berkeley Lab A-Z Index Berkeley Lab Privacy and Security Notice IMAGE: World of Physics graphic Symposia page link Special Events page link Lectures page link Education page link The World Year of Physics is a worldwide celebration of physics and its importance in our everyday lives. Physics not only plays an important role in the development of science and technology but also has a tremendous impact on our society. WYP aims to raise the worldwide awareness of physics and physical science. The United Nations has declared 2005 to be the International Year of Physics. This declaration coincides with the 100th anniversary of physicist

159

On the Accuracy of the MINC approximation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The method of ''multiple interacting continua'' is based on the assumption that changes in thermodynamic conditions of rock matrix blocks are primarily controlled by the distance from the nearest fracture. The accuracy of this assumption was evaluated for regularly shaped (cubic and rectangular) rock blocks with uniform initial conditions, which are subjected to a step change in boundary conditions on the surface. Our results show that pressures (or temperatures) predicted from the MINC approximation may deviate from the exact solutions by as much as 10 to 15% at certain points within the blocks. However, when fluid (or heat) flow rates are integrated over the entire block surface, MINC-approximation and exact solution agree to better than 1%. This indicates that the MINC approximation can accurately represent transient inter-porosity flow in fractured porous media, provided that matrix blocks are indeed subjected to nearly uniform boundary conditions at all times.

Lai, C.H.; Pruess, K.; Bodvarsson, G.S.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Guiding Center Equations of High Accuracy  

SciTech Connect

Guiding center simulations are an important means of predicting the effect of resistive and ideal magnetohydrodynamic instabilities on particle distributions in toroidal magnetically confined thermonuclear fusion research devices. Because saturated instabilities typically have amplitudes of ?#14;B/B of a few times 10-4 numerical accuracy is of concern in discovering the effect of mode particle resonances. We develop a means of following guiding center orbits which is greatly superior to the methods currently in use. In the presence of ripple or time dependent magnetic perturbations both energy and canonical momentum are conserved to better than one part in 1014, and the relation between changes in canonical momentum and energy is also conserved to very high order.

R.B. White, G. Spizzo and M. Gobbin

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, Vol. 17, No. 7 (2007) 21952199 c World Scientific Publishing Company  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on large real world networks (such as the Internet and the World Wide Web, electric power grids, phone call been triggered by the optimized rating of computing facilities, and by the grown availability of data in the degree distributions, degree correlations, and the presence of motifs and community structures. Attempts

Latora, Vito

162

Accuracy Analysis and Improvement for Direct Laser Sintering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The accuracy issue of a rapid prototyping-direct laser sintering system is studied in this paper. The sources of errors are analyzed for their contribution to the final accuracy of built parts. The error sources are related ...

Tang, Y.

163

An Accuracy Goal for a Comprehensive Satellite Wind Measuring System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variational analysis with a geostrophic constraint is used to estimate a critical accuracy for a satellite lidar wind measuring system. This accuracy is such that the combination of satellite winds with satellite temperatures can produce analyses ...

Norman A. Phillips

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Real-TIme Raman Gas Composition Analyzer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analyzer Analyzer Opportunity The Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is seeking collaborative research partners interested in implementing United States Provisional Patent Application entitled "Gas Sensing System Employing Raman Scattering". Disclosed in this application is a gas analyzing sensor that characterizes gaseous fuel, exhaust gases, or other process gas streams. The sensor reports concentrations of all majority gases at better than 0.3% accuracy in 1 second or less, and can be used for real-time gas analysis and system control. The sensor relies on novel techniques to enhance usually weak spontaneous Raman emissions from sample gases, enabling the application of Raman spectroscopy to rapid gas analysis. No commercially available sensor or sensing

165

Scalable multi-view stereo camera array for real world real-time image capture and three-dimensional displays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The number of three-dimensional displays available is escalating and yet the capturing devices for multiple view content are focused on either single camera precision rigs that are limited to stationary objects or the use ...

Hill, Samuel L. (Samuel Lincoln), 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

ClearWorld Now | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ClearWorld Now Jump to: navigation, search Name ClearWorld Now Place Beijing, China Zip 100027 Product China-based operational investment arm of ClearWorld Energy Ltd. References...

167

SolarWorld Korea | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SolarWorld Korea Jump to: navigation, search Name SolarWorld Korea Place Korea (Republic) Sector Solar Product Korea-based JV set up by SolarWorld AG and SolarPark Engineering Co...

168

REAL ESTATE PROCESS | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REAL ESTATE PROCESS REAL ESTATE PROCESS Table of Contents.pdf Real Estate Process.pdf More Documents & Publications dgappendices.pdf Site Selection Process EIS-0222: Amended...

169

World Wide Web Information Servers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

World Wide Web Information Servers World Wide Web Information Servers Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory recently announced a gopher and World Wide Web site. To get to the web site, telnet to www.lbl.gov, login: www. Access is provided to LBL's gopher, library catalog, and publication list. The Center is funding the implementation of a WWW network node for on-line access to publications, databases, and documents full of hypermedia links to other documents or information systems from the Energy & Environment Division. Full implementation is expected by May 1994, and will include access to a variety of information from all the research programs and centers. The technology transfer project calls for this newsletter to be published on WWW using the Mosaic interface under development at the National Center

170

The World Energy Projection System  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

wepstitle.gif (8166 bytes) wepstitle.gif (8166 bytes) Continuing with this release, annual updates to the model will be available. Check this space for scheduled future releases. Note: If you are familiar with the model and just wish to download the latest version, click HERE. The World Energy Projection System The projections of world energy consumption published annually by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in the International Energy Outlook (IEO) are derived from the World Energy Projection System (WEPS). WEPS is an integrated set of personal computer-based spreadsheets containing data compilations, assumption specifications, descriptive analysis procedures, and projection models. The WEPS accounting framework incorporates projections from independently documented models and assumptions about the

171

The World Energy Projection System  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Continuing with this release, annual updates to the model will be Continuing with this release, annual updates to the model will be available. Check this space for scheduled future releases. Note: If you are familiar with the model and just wish to download the latest version, click HERE. The World Energy Projection System The projections of world energy consumption published annually by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in the International Energy Outlook (IEO) are derived from the World Energy Projection System (WEPS). WEPS is an integrated set of personal computer-based spreadsheets containing data compilations, assumption specifications, descriptive analysis procedures, and projection models. The WEPS accounting framework incorporates projections from independently documented models and assumptions about the

172

World`s LPG supply picture will change by 2000  

SciTech Connect

Middle East LPG producers will continue to dominate world export markets in 1996. Led by Saudi Arabia, the Middle East will produce nearly 26 million metric tons of LPG in million metric tons of LPG in 1996, more than 54% of the world`s almost 48 million metric tons of export LPG. In 2000, however, with world exports of LPG expanding to 58.9 million metric tons, Middle East suppliers; share will have remained flat, making up 31.7 million metric tons, or 53.9%. Saudi Arabia`s contribution will exceed 15 million metric tons, reflecting essentially no growth since 1995. These and other patterns, from data compiled by Purvin and Gertz, Dallas, and published earlier this year, show other suppliers of LPG, especially African (Algeria/Nigeria), North Sea, and Latin American (Venezuela/Argentina), picking up larger shares in the last 5 years of this decade. This scenario assumes completion of several major supply projects that are either panned, under construction, or nearing start up in most of these areas. The paper discusses the global picture, the supply situation in the Middle East, Africa, the North Sea, and South America.

True, W.R.

1995-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

173

Sustainable World Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

"Sustainable World Capital" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSustainableWorldCapital&oldid351925" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies...

174

World oil: Market or mayhem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The world oil market is regarded by many as a puzzle. Why are oil prices so volatile? What is OPEC and what does OPEC do? Where are oil prices headed in the long run? Is “peak oil ” a genuine concern? Why did oil prices spike in the summer of 2008, and what role did speculators play? Any attempt to answer these questions must be informed and disciplined by economics. Such is the purpose of this essay: to illuminate recent developments in the world oil market from the perspective of economic theory.

James L. Smith; James L. Smith; Larry Debrock; Dwight Lee; John Parsons

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

A high accuracy computed water line list  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A computed list of H$_{2}$$^{16}$O infra-red transition frequencies and intensities is presented. The list, BT2, was produced using a discrete variable representation two-step approach for solving the rotation-vibration nuclear motions. It is the most complete water line list in existence, comprising over 500 million transitions (65% more than any other list) and it is also the most accurate (over 90% of all known experimental energy levels are within 0.3 cm$^{-1}$ of the BT2 values). Its accuracy has been confirmed by extensive testing against astronomical and laboratory data. The line list has been used to identify individual water lines in a variety of objects including: comets, sunspots, a brown dwarf and the nova-like object V838 Mon. Comparison of the observed intensities with those generated by BT2 enables physical values to be derived for these objects. The line list can also be used to provide an opacity for models of the atmospheres of M-dwarf stars and assign previously unknown water lines in laboratory spectra.

R. J. Barber; J. Tennyson; G. J. Harris; R. N. Tolchenov

2006-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

176

Solar World USA not SolarWorld AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World USA not SolarWorld AG World USA not SolarWorld AG Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar World USA (not SolarWorld AG) Place Colorado Springs, Colorado Zip 80907 Sector Solar Product Solar World manufactures solar powered products for educational, consumer, electronic and custom OEM markets. References Solar World USA (not SolarWorld AG)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Solar World USA (not SolarWorld AG) is a company located in Colorado Springs, Colorado . References ↑ "Solar World USA (not SolarWorld AG)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Solar_World_USA_not_SolarWorld_AG&oldid=351350" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

177

World Conference on Oilseed Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fats and Oils Industry Professionals Gather in Izmir, Turkey Industry professionals will review and discuss the day-to-day concerns and critical issues related to soyabean, sunflower, corn, canola, olive and palm, and other tropical oils at the World Con

178

Achieving world class maintenance status  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The article written by a management consultant, discusses the art of successful planning and operation of maintenance in mines considering factors such as benchmaking, key performance indices (KPIs) and frequency of procedures which can help achieve 'world class maintenance'. 1 fig.

Tomlingson, P.D. [Paul D. Tomingson Associates (United States)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

UCL MEDICAL SCHOOL world class  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UCL MEDICAL SCHOOL world class medicine in the heart of London Guide for prospective students 2012/2013 #12;Vice Provost (Health), Head of UCL School of Life and Medical Sciences and Head of UCL Medical School Professor Sir John Tooke Vice Dean, Director of Medical Education and the Division of Medical

Saunders, Mark

180

World Oil: Market or Mayhem?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The world oil market is regarded by many as a puzzle. Why are oil prices so volatile? What is OPEC and what does OPEC do? Where are oil prices headed in the long run? Is “peak oil” a genuine concern? Why did oil prices ...

Smith, James L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

1974 FORESTER the world a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1974 FORESTER #12;#12;2 TREES make the world a better place in which to live! #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS . .... . .... . . . . . .....63 ADVERTISERS . . .. . . . . . .. ....... ....... .. 75 #12;FORESTER'S SALUTE TO DR. ERIC A. BOUROO. The Forester salutes Dean Bourdo for his accomplishments in advancing forestry at Michigan Tech, as a member

182

Real-Time Per-Cycle Energy Consumption Measurement of Digital Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This technical report introduces a real-time per-clock-cycle energy measurement technique for power analysis and reduction of synchronous state machines. This technique guarantees accuracy with a sampling rate of twice the clock frequency under spiky current draw common in digital systems. In addition, it acquires the energy consumption profile in real-time, thus, not requiring repeated operation of the target system.

Naehyuck Chang; Kwanho Kim

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Real Property | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Real Property Real Property Real Property DOE has the unique authority under the Atomic Energy Act to dispose or transfer property under certain conditions or to access the services of the General Services Administration to dispose excess real property. During the last 10 years, DOE has transferred more than 30 sites, facilities or property rights (e.g., easements) to other federal agencies, tribal nations, local governments, and private companies. LM is responsible for nearly 13,000 acres of the DOE's land holdings. LM's preference is to transfer excess properties and facilities to other public or private sector parties for management and reuse. LM's Office of Site Operations (LM-20) is responsible for: Setting real estate policy and providing guidance to LM for acquisitions, leases, and disposal of real property.

184

Annual Real Natural Gas Prices by Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Major regulatory reforms at the Federal level began at the end of the 1970s with the passage of the Natural Gas Policy Act, and have affected most phases of the industry and markets Over time the movement to a more competitive model led to lower prices starting around 1983, which was accentuated by the drop in world oil prices in 1986 Gas consumers in all sectors seem to have benefited, on average, from a more competitive marketplace However, several factors have come together recently that have pushed spot gas prices up sharply and which are expected to reverse the downward trend in in real gas prices for the next year or so: U.S. gas production has been relatively flat. Expected demand is high under normal weather assumptions. Gas storage levels are below normal.

185

"Projected Real GDP Growth Trend"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

69465655,0.02391459409,0.01807394932 " * These are historical annual growth rates in real GDP (2005 chained dollars). The annual changes are compounded and averaged in the table...

186

Deep in Data: Empirical Data Based Software Accuracy Testing Using the Building America Field Data Repository: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

An opportunity is available for using home energy consumption and building description data to develop a standardized accuracy test for residential energy analysis tools. That is, to test the ability of uncalibrated simulations to match real utility bills. Empirical data collected from around the United States have been translated into a uniform Home Performance Extensible Markup Language format that may enable software developers to create translators to their input schemes for efficient access to the data. This may facilitate the possibility of modeling many homes expediently, and thus implementing software accuracy test cases by applying the translated data. This paper describes progress toward, and issues related to, developing a usable, standardized, empirical data-based software accuracy test suite.

Neymark, J.; Roberts, D.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

A Fast Topological Trigger for Real Time Analysis of Nanosecond Phenomena; Opening the Gamma Ray Window to Our Universe  

SciTech Connect

This work was to enable the development of a proof-of-principle nanosecond trigger system that is designed to perform a real time analysis of fast Cherenkov light flashes from air showers. The basic building blocks of the trigger system have been designed and constructed, and a real world system is now operating in the VERITAS experiment.

Krennrich, Frank [Iowa State University] Iowa State University

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

188

World Bank | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bank Bank Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Bank Name World Bank Address 1818 H Street, NW Place Washington, District of Columbia Zip 20433 Number of employees 10,000+"+" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. Year founded 1944 Phone number (202) 473-1000 Coordinates 38.899458°, -77.042447° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.899458,"lon":-77.042447,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

189

Long Term World Oil Supply  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: The following pages summarize a recent EIA presentation on estimates of the world conventional oil resource base and the year when production from it will peak and then begin to decline. A version of this presentation was given by former EIA Administrator Jay Hakes to the April 18, 2000 meeting of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists in New Orleans, Louisiana. Specific information about this presentation may be obtained from John Wood (john.wood@eia.doe.gov), Gary Long (gary.long@eia.doe.gov) or David Morehouse (david.morehouse@eia.doe.gov). Long Term World Oil Supply http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/presentations/2000/long_term_supply/sld001.htm [8/10/2000 4:56:23 PM] Slide 2 of 20 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/presentations/2000/long_term_supply/sld002.htm [8/10/2000 4:56:24 PM]

190

THE WORLD'S Biggest Fan Collection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WORLD'S Biggest Fan Collection WORLD'S Biggest Fan Collection If you only know the Big Ass Fan Company as the preeminent designer and manufacturer of high volume, low speed fans for factories and cows, it's time you get to know us better. While we continue to lead the way in industrial and agricultural air movement, we've also refined these designs to bring the same innovation and benefits of our famous fans to circulate an ocean of air in sound-sensitive commercial spaces and homes. And when our customers said they wanted something for smaller spaces, we listened - and we think you'll like the results. We've got you covered - ceiling to floor, wall to door! Features  New patented airfoil system uses 10 Powerfoil airfoils, winglets and patent-pending AirFence(tm) technology to increase

191

2013 Real Property Desk Guide | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2013 Real Property Desk Guide 2013 Real Property Desk Guide Real Estate Desk Guide - 2013 update.pdf More Documents & Publications REAL ESTATE PROPERTY GUIDE 2013 REAL ESTATE...

192

Federal Real Property Council Guidance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9/18/2012 FY 2012 FRPC DATA REPORTING INSTRUCTIONS I. Background Executive Order 13327, "Federal Real Property Asset Management" was created to promote the efficient and economical use of the Federal Government's real property assets. The E.O. established the interagency Federal Real Property Council (FRPC), established the role of the Senior Real Property Officer, and mandated the creation of a centralized real property database. This document provides instructions for populating the required data in FIMS so that the Department can report in accordance with the FY 2012 reporting requirements. II. Summary of Changes There are no new FIMS data elements required for 2012 reporting and several data elements have been eliminated from reporting. Some of these elements will remain in FIMS when needed for management

193

Defending against an Internet-based attack on the physical world  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss the dangers that scalable Internet functionality may present to the real world, focusing on a simple yet impactful attack that we believe may occur quite soon. We offer and critique various solutions to this class of attack and hope to provide ... Keywords: Internet Threats, automated attacks, computer security, comuter security, cybercrime, internet threats

Simon Byers; Aviel D. Rubin; David Kormann

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Econometric Modelling of World Oil Supplies: Terminal Price and the Time to Depletion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand, it is dependent on the world real interest rate and the total life-time stock of oil resources, as well as on the marginal extraction and scarcity cost parameters. The theoretical predictions of this model are evaluated using data on the cost...

Mohaddes, Kamiar

2012-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

195

Is the Leading Role Desirable?: A Simulation Analysis of the Stackelberg Behavior in World Petroleum Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article explores extraction profiles in the Stackelberg equilibrium of exhaustible resource industry. Calibrated with real data of world petroleum market, the Stackelberg and Cournot---Nash equilibriums are solved numerically. The properties of ... Keywords: C61, C72, D43, Economic dynamics, Extraction profiles of exhaustible resources, Game theoretic modeling, L13, Numerical simulations, Q41, The Cournot---Nashequilibrium, The Stackelberg equilibrium

Zili Yang

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data by Tammy G. Heppner and Carol L. French Overview Petroleum supply data collected by the Petroleum Division (PD) in the Office of Oil ...

197

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Supply Monthly, September 2002 xi Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data by Tammy G. Heppner and Carol L. French

198

The Sensitivity of Investment Casting Simulations to the Accuracy of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

THE SENSITIVITY OF INVESTMENT CASTING SIMULATIONS TO THE ACCURACY OF. THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTY VALUES. X. L. Yang1, P. D. Lee1, ...

199

High accuracy windows for today's 24bit ADC's.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper presents a new high accuracy window design method based on semi-infinite linear programming by using the Dual Nestled Complex Approximation (DNCA) algorithm. The… (more)

Tran, To; Dahl, Mattias; Claesson, Ingvar

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

New NIST-Traceable Standard for Accuracy in Quantitative ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST-Traceable Standard for Accuracy in Quantitative Nuclear Medicine Imaging ... As the technology has matured, PET is increasingly being used a ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

NREL Develops Method to Evaluate Accuracy of Home Energy Scoring...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

existing homes, NREL researchers boost the accuracy of the new software tool. Analysts, home energy rating providers, and home performance contractors commonly use analysis...

202

Real-time haptic incision simulation using FEM-based discontinuous free form deformation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer-aided surgical simulation is a topic of increasingly extensive research. Computer graphics, geometric modeling and finite-element analysis all play major roles in these simulations. Furthermore, real-time response, interactivity and accuracy ... Keywords: finite element model, free-form deformation, surgical simulation

Guy Sela; Jacob Subag; Alex Lindblad; Dan Albocher; Sagi Schein; Gershon Elber

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Real-time Java has become already real  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enhanced complexity of the designed real-time computer systems requires that the developers seek for efficient methods and tools to solve the posed problems. The most obvious and simple approach is to employ technologies that have demonstrated their ...

S. N. Zyl'

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Performance evaluation of corner detectors using consistency and accuracy measures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the performance of several popular corner detectors using two newly defined criteria. The majority of authors of published corner detectors have not used theoretical criteria to measure the consistency and accuracy of their algorithms. ... Keywords: Accuracy, CSS, Consistency, Corner detection, Performance evaluation

Farzin Mokhtarian; Farahnaz Mohanna

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Post-Construction Evaluation of Forecast Accuracy Pavithra Parthasarathi1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Post-Construction Evaluation of Forecast Accuracy Pavithra Parthasarathi1 David Levinson 2 February the accuracy of demand forecasts using a sample of recently-completed projects in Minnesota and identifies the factors influencing the inaccuracy in forecasts. The fore- cast traffic data for this study is drawn from

Levinson, David M.

206

Technology, standards, and real-world deployments of the EPC network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The EPC Network is a global RFID data sharing infrastructure based on standards that are built around the Electronic Product Code (EPC), an unambiguous numbering scheme for the designation of physical goods. The authors ...

Thiesse, Frederic

207

Effective real-world project collaboration: Strategies from a cyber security degree program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The undergraduate degree of computer and cyber security has been offered at the School of Information Technology, Phetchaburi Rajabhat University, Thailand since 2005. Our program requires direct field experience when students are taking upper-level ...

Wajee Chookittikul; Peter E. Maher

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Energy Services: A Case Study in Real-World Service Configuration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current eCommerce is still mainly characterized by the trading of commodity goods. Many industries o#er complex compositions of goods based on customers' specifications. This is facilitated by a component-based description of goods, supported by a variety of product classification schemes, e.g., UNSPSC and eCl@ss. These focus on physical goods -- wrongly referred to as products -- rather than on services. Services are

Ziv Baida; Jaap Gordijn; Hanne Sæle; Andrei Z. Morch; Hans Akkermans

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Approaches to a real-world train timetabling problem in a railway node  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 26, 2013 ... Managers, especially in a competitive market in which several Train .... analysis model is proposed and applied to simultaneously estimate passenger and freight ... Two objectives are taken into account: the expected total energy con- ...... This is an adaptive approach, which collects information on critical.

210

A core ontology on events for representing occurrences in the real world  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Events are central aspect of many semantic ambient media applications such as surveillance, smart homes, automobiles, and others. Existing models for events typically do not follow a systematic development approach, are conceptually narrow with respect ... Keywords: Core ontologies, Events, Models, Pattern-oriented ontology design, Principles

Ansgar Scherp; Thomas Franz; Carsten Saathoff; Steffen Staab

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Plug-in Electric Vehicle Real-World Data from DOE's AVTA (SAE...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experience 32 illi il l d 5 500 l i d i * 32 million test miles accumulated on 5,500 electric drive vehicles representing 111 models * Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: 14 models,...

212

Plug-in Electric Vehicle Real-World Data from DOE's AVTA (Project...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experience 24 illi il l d 5 500 l i d i * 24 million test miles accumulated on 5,500 electric drive vehicles representing 111 models * Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: 14 models,...

213

Comparison of Idealized and Real-World City Station Citing Models for Hydrogen Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

trucks or the same pipeline length, we would say that theyFigure 5 shows the pipeline length as a function of thein lower additional pipeline lengths. Unlike the case with

Yang, Christopher; Nicholas, Michael A; Ogden, Joan M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

From the lab to the real world : sources of error in UF6 gas enrichment monitoring.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Safeguarding uranium enrichment facilities is a serious concern for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Safeguards methods have changed over the years, most recently switching… (more)

Lombardi, Marcie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

The Complex Relationship between Forecast Skill and Forecast Value: A Real-World Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For routine forecasts of temperature and precipitation, the relative skill advantage of human forecasters with respect to the numerical–statistical guidance is small (and diminishing). Since the relationship between forecast skill and the value ...

Paul J. Roebber; Lance F. Bosart

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Network Automata: Coupling structure and function in real-world networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce Network Automata, a framework which couples the topological evolution of a network to its structure. It is useful for dealing with networks in which the topology evolves according to some specified microscopic rules and, simultaneously, there is a dynamic process taking place on the network that both depends on its structure but is also capable of modifying it. It is a generic framework for modeling systems in which network structure, dynamics, and function are interrelated. At the practical level, this framework allows for easy implementation of the microscopic rules involved in such systems. To demonstrate the approach, we develop a class of simple biologically inspired models of fungal growth.

David M. D. Smith; Jukka-Pekka Onnela; Chiu Fan Lee; Mark Fricker; Neil F. Johnson

2007-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

217

DOE's Hydrogen Fuel Cell Activities: Developing Technology and Validating it through Real-World Evaluation (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presentation prepared for the May 12, 2008 Alternative Fuels and Vehicles Conference that describes DOE's current hydrogen fuel cell technology validation projects.

Wipke, K.; Sprik, S.; Kurtz, J.; Garbak, J.

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

218

Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Real-World Data from DOE's AVTA...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

P t ti - Energy Critical Infrastructure Protection - Homeland Security and Cyber Security Nuclear 3 Hydropower Geothermal AVTA Participants and Goals P ti i t * Participants - The...

219

Hash Visualization: a New Technique to improve Real-World Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of computation: given h and an input x, hI(x) is easy to compute. In order for HVAs to be useful for secure applications, we illustrate a variety of desired properties for HVAs. A HVA that is used in a particular of these applications and their usage of the HVAs in the later section. Near-one-way property We de ne two images I1

Perrig, Adrian

220

Hash Visualization: a New Technique to improve RealWorld Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of computation: given h and an input x, h I (x) is easy to compute. In order for HVAs to be useful for secure applications, we illustrate a variety of desired properties for HVAs. A HVA that is used in a particular of these applications and their usage of the HVAs in the later section. Near­one­way property We define two images I 1

Perrig, Adrian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Real world disassembly modeling and sequencing problem: Optimization by Algorithm of Self-Guided Ants (ASGA)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decrease in product life along with the advent of stringent regulations and environmental consciousness have led to increased concern for methodological product recovery through disassembly operations. This research proposes a fuzzy disassembly optimization ... Keywords: Ant colony optimization, Disassembly, Fuzzy logic, Product recovery

Mukul Tripathi; Shubham Agrawal; Mayank Kumar Pandey; Ravi Shankar; M. K. Tiwari

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cars B.2. Cold Start Emissions of Properly-Functioning CarsDriving B.5. Malfunctioning Exhaust Emissions Controls C.and California Tailpipe Emission Standards References List o

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Child head injury criteria investigation through numerical simulation of real world trauma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finite element modelling has been used for decades in the study of adult head injury biomechanics and determination of injury criteria. Interest is recently growing in investigation on pediatric head injury which requires elaboration of biofidelic models ... Keywords: Accident reconstructions, Child head, Finite element modelling, Neurological injuries

Sebastien Roth; Jonathan Vappou; Jean-Sebastien Raul; Rémy Willinger

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Approaching the exa-scale: a real-world evaluation of rendering extremely large data sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extremely large scale analysis is becoming increasingly important as supercomputers and their simulations move from petascale to exascale. The lack of dedicated hardware acceleration for rendering on today's supercomputing platforms motivates our detailed evaluation of the possibility of interactive rendering on the supercomputer. In order to facilitate our understanding of rendering on the supercomputing platform, we focus on scalability of rendering algorithms and architecture envisioned for exascale datasets. To understand tradeoffs for dealing with extremely large datasets, we compare three different rendering algorithms for large polygonal data: software based ray tracing, software based rasterization and hardware accelerated rasterization. We present a case study of strong and weak scaling of rendering extremely large data on both GPU and CPU based parallel supercomputers using Para View, a parallel visualization tool. Wc use three different data sets: two synthetic and one from a scientific application. At an extreme scale, algorithmic rendering choices make a difference and should be considered while approaching exascale computing, visualization, and analysis. We find software based ray-tracing offers a viable approach for scalable rendering of the projected future massive data sizes.

Patchett, John M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ahrens, James P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lo, Li - Ta [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Browniee, Carson S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mitchell, Christopher J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hansen, Chuck [UNIV OF UTAH

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emissions satisfy the standards. (Legally, row (1) plustwo times row (2a) should be compared with the standard. )

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Transportation Secure Data Center: Real-World Data for Value Pricing and Tolling Research (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) have launched the free, web-based Transportation Secure Data Center (TSDC). The TSDC (www.nrel.gov/tsdc) preserves respondent anonymity while making vital transportation data available to a broad group of users through secure, online access. The TSDC database provides free-of-charge web-based access to valuable transportation data that can be used for: Location and time-of-day variable tolling research, Mileage-based fee analysis, Travel demand modeling and transit planning, Congestion mitigation research, and Validating transportation data from other sources. The TSDC's two levels of access make composite data available with simple online registration, and allow researchers to use detailed spatial data after completing a straight forward application process.

Not Available

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

The Real (Porn) World: The Politics and Aesthetics of the New Reality Porn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Penley, “Crackers and Whackers: The White Trashing of Porn,”Porn Studies, Ed. Linda Williams, (Durham: Duke UniversityI refer to the sort of porn that one could find in a typical

Moorman, Jennifer

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric/Solar Vehicles, a report to Congress by the US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Comparison of Idealized and Real-World City Station Citing Models for Hydrogen Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasoline Stations Gas Station Density (/km 2 ) Trucks Figurepopulation density or gas station density) to grid spacingstations). • Distance (this is particularly important for compressed gas

Yang, Christopher; Nicholas, Michael A; Ogden, Joan M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Evolving a language in and for the real world: C++ 1991-2006  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper outlines the history of the C++ programming language from the early days of its ISO standardization (1991), through the 1998 ISO standard, to the later stages of the C++0x revision of that standard (2006). The emphasis is on the ideals, constraints, ... Keywords: C++, ISO, STL, evolution, history, language use, libraries, multi-paradigm programming, programming language, standardization

Bjarne Stroustrup

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Transportation Secure Data Center: Real-World Data for Planning, Modeling and Analysis (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) have launched the free, web-based Transportation Secure Data Center (TSDC). The TSDC (www.nrel.gov/tsdc) preserves respondent anonymity while making vital transportation data available to a broad group of users through secure, online access. The TSDC database gives, metropolitan planning organizations, universities, national laboratories, air quality management districts, disaster planning agencies and auto manufacturers free-of-charge web-based access to valuable transportation data. The TSDC's two levels of access make composite data available with simple online registration, and allow researchers to use detailed spatial data after completing a straight forward application process.

Not Available

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Transportation Secure Data Center: Real-World Data for Environmental and Air Quality Analysis (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) have launched the free, web-based Transportation Secure Data Center (TSDC). The TSDC (www.nrel.gov/tsdc) preserves respondent anonymity while making vital transportation data available to a broad group of users through secure, online access. The TSDC database provides free-of-charge web-based access to valuable transportation data that can be used for: Emissions and air pollution modeling, Vehicle energy and power analysis, Climate change impact studies, Alternative fuel station planning, and Validating transportation data from other sources. The TSDC's two levels of access make composite data available with simple online registration, and allow researchers to use detailed spatial data after completing a straight forward application process.

Not Available

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

types produced by vehicle manufacturers after 1993 isin many cases the manufacturers' vehicle design conforms toand several Japanese- manufacturer vehicles. (Note that the

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Visual Memes in Social Media Tracking real-world news on YouTube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

80 100 0 100 200 300 400 500 Swine Flu Earthquake Iran Pakistan text processing ... query definiGon pakistan military pakistan india tension pakistan taliban pakistan bhuEo pakistan ppp pakistan terrorist #12;7 Who

Xie, Lexing

235

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Properly-Functioning Cars B .3. Evaporation B.4.of Properly-Functioning Cars, High and Moderate Powerand Philip S. Barnett, “Cars, Fuels, and Clean Air A Review

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Effects of Air Conditioner Use on Real-World Fuel Economy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vehicle data were acquired on-road and on a chassis dynamometer to assess fuel consumption under several steady cruise conditions and at idle. Data were gathered for various air conditioner (A/C) settings and with the A/C off and the windows open. Two vehicles were used in the comparisonstudy: a 2009 Ford Explorer and a 2009 Toyota Corolla. At steady speeds between 64.4 and 112.7 kph (40 and 70 mph), both vehicles consumed more fuel with the A/C on at maximum cooling load (compressor at 100% duty cycle) than when driving with the windows down. The Explorer maintained this trend beyond 112.7 kph (70 mph), while the Corolla fuel consumption with the windows down matched that of running the A/C at 120.7 kph (75 mph), and exceeded it at 128.7 kph (80 mph). The largest incremental fuel consumption rate penalty due to air conditioner use occurred was nearly constant with a weakslight trend of increasing consumption with increasing compressor (and vehicle) speed. Lower consumption is seenobserved at idle for both vehicles, likely due to the low compressor speed at this operating point

Huff, Shean P [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Blending real and virtual worlds using self-reflection and fiducials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an enhanced version of a portable out-of-the-box platform for semi-immersive interactive applications. The enhanced version combines stereoscopic visualization, marker-less user tracking, and multi-touch with self-reflection of users ... Keywords: fiducials, fish tank virtual reality, interactive virtual art, mixed reality, multi-touch, self-reflection

Martin Fischbach; Dennis Wiebusch; Marc Erich Latoschik; Gerd Bruder; Frank Steinicke

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Comparison of Idealized and Real-World City Station Citing Models for Hydrogen Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

integration team for the National Hydrogen Roadmap in 2002.in the H2A, a group of hydrogen analysts convened by theframework for analyzing hydrogen systems, and serves on the

Yang, Christopher; Nicholas, Michael A; Ogden, Joan M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reduction CO reduction NOx reduction depend on the durationhydrocarbons) and a 60% reduction in NOx compared to MY93CO and HC; and 75% reductions mandated for NOx. Powerful new

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

DRIVE Analysis Tool Generates Custom Vehicle Drive Cycles Based on Real-World Data (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory describes the Drive-Cycle Rapid Investigation, Visualization, and Evaluation (DRIVE) analysis tool, which uses GPS and controller area network data to characterize vehicle operation and produce custom vehicle drive cycles, analyzing thousands of hours of data in a matter of minutes.

Not Available

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications 9 (2008) 20292054 www.elsevier.com/locate/na  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tests, we simulated the granular flow of a fourth-generation pebble bed nuclear reactor. Thanks, such as in the simulation of the refueling of pebble bed nuclear reactors [34] and dense packing of granular matter presented the convergence theory for the iteration; the scheme converges under certain conditions that do

Sritharan, S.S.

242

Proceedings of the Joint Workshop Mobile Interaction with the Real World  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the 'macro-environment', may discriminate against the uptake of biogas. The macro-environment which

243

The Innovation Institute : from creative inquiry through real-world impact at MIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document is an exploration into the past, present, and emerging future of MIT from the perspective of a participant-in and observer-of Institute life and learning, and seeks to better understand how creative inquiry ...

Bonsen, Joost Paul

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

A Lagrangian heuristic algorithm for a real-world train timetabling problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The train timetabling problem (TTP) aims at determining an optimal timetable for a set of trains which does not violate track capacities and satisfies some operational constraints. In this paper, we describe the design of a train timetabling system that ... Keywords: Computational results, Lagrangian heuristic, Lagrangian relaxation, Path allocation, Train scheduling

Alberto Caprara; Michele Monaci; Paolo Toth; Pier Luigi Guida

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

UBI-hotspots: sustainable ecosystem infrastructure for real world urban computing research and business  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report a novel deployment of so-called UBI-hotspots in a city center to establish an ecosystem infrastructure for conducting diverse urban computing research and business in authentic urban setting. We focus on the value network of the hotspots where ... Keywords: large public display, ubiquitous computing, value network

T. Ojala; V. Valkama; H. Kukka; T. Heikkinen; T. Lindén; M. Jurmu; F. Kruger; S. Hosio

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Federal mineral-lease-bidding data bases versus the real world and vice versa  

SciTech Connect

From the vantage point of builders and operators of Federal mineral-lease-bidding data bases, users are addressed. Users are a polyglot lot of empiricists, mechanists, and theorists. The users' perfect data base would contain all data needed to examine all bidding theories and predict bidders' behavior using the theories. That ideal data base has not been attained. However, even the richly flawed history of these data bases leads one to the not particularly prescient notion that users, with omnipresent complaints about errors in and lack of data, will keep the data bases functioning by using them.

Lohrenz, J.; Waller, R.A.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Landslide monitoring with sensor networks: experiences and lessons learnt from a real-world deployment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks have the potentials to be a very useful technology for fine-grained monitoring in remote and hostile environments. This paper reports on the implementation and deployment of a system for landslide monitoring in the Northern ...

Alberto Rosi; Matteo Berti; Nicola Bicocchi; Gabriella Castelli; Alessandro Corsini; Marco Mamei; Franco Zambonelli

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Distributed simulation in industry - a real-world necessity or ivory tower fancy?: panel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed simulation has a long history at the Winter Simulation Conference. Although successful in the military domain it appears, however, that the idea of applying distributed simulation in other fields for modeling and analysis of large-scale, ...

Peter Lendermann; Matthias U. Heinicke; Leon F. McGinnis; Charles McLean; Steffen Straßburger; Simon J. E. Taylor

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

A micro-genetic algorithm for multi-objective scheduling of a real world pipeline network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scheduling of activities to transport oil derivative products through a pipe network is a complex combinatorial problem that presents a hard computational solution. During the scheduling horizon, many batches are pumped from (or pass through) different ... Keywords: Micro-genetic algorithm, Multi-objective optimization, Pipeline network, Scheduling

Paulo Cesar Ribas; Lia Yamamoto; Helton Luis Polli; L. V. R. Arruda; Flavio Neves-Jr

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

World Oil Refining Logistics Demand Model  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This manual is intended primarily for use as a reference by analysts applying the WORLD model to regional studies. It also provides overview information on WORLD features of potential interest to managers and analysts.

Information Center

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

A real time priority scheduler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The real time priority scheduler reported herein evolved from a design effort to provide software aids for handling the interrupts that occur in hybrid computation. Since these interrupts are both internal and external (i.e., generated internal and external ...

Karl Ramsay; Jon C. Strauss

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Essays in real estate finance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is a collection of three essays in real estate finance. In the first essay, we observe that between 1985 and 2007, the share of household mortgage debt as a proportion of the total value of housing in the ...

Bokhari, Sheharyar Javaid

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Summary World Natural Gas Data (from World on the Edge) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

data GDR Community Login | Sign Up Search Facebook icon Twitter icon Summary World Natural Gas Data (from World on the Edge) Dataset Summary Description This dataset...

254

Real illumination from virtual environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a method for actively controlling the illumination in a room so that it is consistent with a virtual world. In combination with a high dynamic range display, the system produces both uniform and directional illumination at intensity levels ...

Abhijeet Ghosh; Matthew Trentacoste; Helge Seetzen; Wolfgang Heidrich

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Virtual worlds as a medium for advertising  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Online virtual worlds, such as Second Life, are rapidly becoming recognized as a technology of substantial future importance for marketers and advertisers. Many of these virtual worlds provide the potential medium for very rich and varied new and enhanced ... Keywords: MMOG, advertising, marketing, online game, second life, virtual world

Stuart Barnes

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Opec squabbling sparks surge in world production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the second half of 1988 Opec member nations began on cheating on their quotas. The resultant 11% surge in Middle Eastern production propelled world output to an average of 58.5 MMbopd. This paper presents an analysis of major oil producing countries of the world and a listing, by country, of world crude oil and condensate production for 1987 and 1988.

Not Available

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

World Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Energy Name World Energy Address 2 Constitution Center Place Boston, Massachusetts Zip 02129 Sector Biofuels Product Provider of biodiesel and biofuels Website http://www.worldenergy.com/ Coordinates 42.3598°, -71.0603° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3598,"lon":-71.0603,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

258

DevelpingWorld_flyer.ai  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cookstoves for Darfur, Ethiopia Cookstoves for Darfur, Ethiopia Billions of people around the world cook their meals on rudimentary stoves fueled by burning wood or other biomass, resulting in smoke and carbon emissions that both damage human health and pollute the environment. For women living in refugee camps in Darfur, the problem is compounded because they often walk miles to gather rewood, exposing them to violence. To address these issues, Berkeley Lab scientist Ashok Gadgil designed the Berkeley-Darfur stove, which uses up to three times less wood than the traditional three-stone stoves and prevents up to two tons of carbon dioxide emissions annually. The Darfur Stoves Project was established to produce and distribute the stoves and has support from the Blum Center for

259

Annual World Oil Demand Growth  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Following relatively small increases of 1.3 million barrels per day in 1999 and 0.9 million barrels per day in 2000, EIA is estimating world demand may grow by 1.6 million barrels per day in 2001. Of this increase, about 3/5 comes from non-OECD countries, while U.S. oil demand growth represents more than half of the growth projected in OECD countries. Demand in Asia grew steadily during most of the 1990s, with 1991-1997 average growth per year at just above 0.8 million barrels per day. However, in 1998, demand dropped by 0.3 million barrels per day as a result of the Asian economic crisis that year. Since 1998, annual growth in oil demand has rebounded, but has not yet reached the average growth seen during 1991-1997. In the Former Soviet Union, oil demand plummeted during most of the

260

IEA World Energy Outlook | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IEA World Energy Outlook IEA World Energy Outlook Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: IEA World Energy Outlook Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Conventional Energy, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations References: World Energy Outlook[1] The 2010 "edition of the World Energy Outlook - the International Energy Agency's flagship publication and leading source of analysis of global energy trends - presents updated projections of energy demand, production, trade and investment, fuel by fuel and region by region to 2035. WEO-2010 includes, for the first time, the result of a new scenario that takes account of the recent commitments that governments have made to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Scientists Create Worlds Smallest Battery | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Stories of Discovery & Innovation Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Enlarge Photo Image shows distortion of nanowire electrode during charging. Researchers were able to observe charging and discharging in real time at atomic-level resolution. 05.16.11 Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Effort yields insights that could improve battery performance. Rechargeable lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have become the workhorse of the contemporary electronic age, powering everything from cell phones and laptop computers to hybrid electric vehicles. But while superior to many alternatives for electrical energy storage, Li-ion batteries are not optimal in every respect. Despite much progress over the years, their

262

Accuracy Analysis of Rubsonde-GPS Wind Sounding System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of program of estimate the limiting accuracy of atmospheric wind profiles obtained by tracking a new balloon, the Rubsonde, with the Global Positioning System (GPS) are presented. In the first part, the authors detail the data ...

Jean Barat; Charles Cot

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Accuracy of the IMET Sensor Package in the Subtropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accuracies of the meteorological sensors (air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, near-surface temperature, longwave and shortwave radiation, and wind speed and direction) that compose the Improved Meteorological (IMET) ...

Keir Colbo; Robert A. Weller

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Accuracy of Multiply-Upstream, Semi-Lagrangian Advective Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The stability and accuracy of the multiply-upstream, semi-Lagrangian method of integrating the advective equation in two dimensions is examined for four different interpolation schemes; namely, bilinear, biquadratic, bicubic and biquartic. All ...

A. McDonald

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Temporal Accuracy of the Solution of Nonequilibrium Radiation...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Accuracy of the Solution of Nonequilibrium Radiation Diffusion Equations V.A. Mousseau, * R.M. Rauenzahn, * D.A. Knoll * * Los Alamos National Laboratory, T-3, Fluid Dynamics, MS...

266

Validation of Autodesk Ecotect™ accuracy for thermal and daylighting simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Autodesk Ecotect™ is an environmental analysis software which according to the U.S. Department of Energy, has not been validated yet. Therefore, the objectives of this research were to validate accuracy of Ecotect™ for thermal and daylighting ...

Prasanthi R. Vangimalla; Svetlana J. Olbina; Raymond R. Issa; Jimmie Hinze

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

BOSS Measures the Universe to One-Percent Accuracy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

This and future measures at this precision are the key to determining the nature of dark energy. "One-percent accuracy in the scale of the universe is the most precise such...

268

Vertical Resolution and Accuracy of Atmospheric Infrared Sounding Spectrometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theoretical analysis is performed to evaluate the accuracy and vertical resolution of atmospheric profiles obtained with the HIRS/2, GOES I/M, and HIS instruments. In addition, a linear simultaneous retrieval algorithm is used with aircraft ...

Hung-Lung Huang; William L. Smith; Harold M. Woolf

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Does Private Selection Improve the Accuracy of Arbitrators' Decisions?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

would distort less. Does there exist an equilibrium in whichDoes Private Selection Improve the Accuracy of Arbitrators’problem of biased selection does not address the strategic

Klement, Alon; Neeman, Zvika

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Implementation of Real-Time Quality Control Procedures by Means of a Probabilistic Estimate of Seawater Temperature and Its Temporal Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Near-real-time quality control procedures for temperature profiles collected from ships of opportunity were implemented during the 1980s in oceans across the world and from the 1990s in the Mediterranean. In this sea, the procedures were ...

Giuseppe M. R. Manzella; Marco Gambetta

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

The Effects of Relative Power on Role-Taking Accuracy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I conduct an experiment to test the impact of relative power differential on the relationship between gender and role-taking accuracy. First in an 80 subject study, and then in the current study, role-taking accuracy is conceptualized as the accuracy with which one can predict the behavior of another or others. In Study 1, I examined self-evaluative measures of role-taking ability and found that self-evaluative measures of role-taking do not correlate with actual role-taking accuracy. In addition, women were more accurate role-takers than were men in same-gender dyads regardless of the existence of a prior relationship between the two individuals. This prior experimental research showed that female friends were much more accurate role-takers than were male friends. In fact, female strangers were more accurate role-takers than were male friends. It is my conjecture however, that role taking ability is not directly connected to gender; rather I propose that it is a situationally prompted ability based on the need for individuals of relatively less power to predict the behavior of individuals with relatively more power. In other words, while women are, indeed, better role takers, this is not a general ability; rather it is prompted by their relatively low positions of power. In Study 2, I examine role-taking accuracy under conditions in which differential power is assigned to one member of a dyad and established through interaction. I predict that power position will account for variability in role-taking accuracy, but gender will not. I tested this hypothesis using power balanced and power-imbalanced, task-oriented, same and cross gender dyads. I found that power position does account for variation in role-taking accuracy while gender and gender composition of the dyad do not account for variation in role-taking accuracy.

Love, Tony

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Problems of Music Information Retrieval in the Real Donald Byrd Tim Crawford  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Problems of Music Information Retrieval in the Real World Donald Byrd Tim Crawford Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval Department of Computer Science University of Massachusetts, Amherst dbyrd of research projects have addressed music information retrieval over the past three decades, the field

Indiana University

273

Blending the real and virtual in games: the model of fantasy sports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fantasy sports provide participants with the opportunity to play the role of coach for a team of athletes they select. The better the athletes perform in their real-world competitions, the better the virtual teams they are on will perform. Leagues for ... Keywords: fantasy sports, games, on-line rhetoric, spectatorship, virtual communities

Frank M. Shipman

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Photon Sciences | About Photon Sciences | Levitation: Is it Real?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Levitation: Is it Real? Levitation: Is it Real? « Back One hundred years ago, in 1911, a Dutchman by the name of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes discovered superconductivity. He found that mercury had no electrical resistance when cooled to 4.15 kelvins, or -451.93 degrees Fahrenheit. (Dry ice has a surface temperature of -109.3 ºF. Handling dry ice with your bare hand will give you frostbite!) Today, the race is on to find materials that are superconducting at room temperature. Once this happens, the world-wide web of electronics, power and transportation will be revolutionized. NSLS supports a rich program of research to understand the basic phenomenon of superconductivity and develop it in ways that will facilitate commercialization. Often, the work zigzags in unexpected ways. Over a decade ago, scientists

275

Prospects for world oil supply  

SciTech Connect

Surprises lie ahead for world oil supplies, which are expected to increase rapidly throughout the 1990s before leveling off by the end of the century. The extent of this increase could be the major surprise of the decade. Large increases in the capacity in Gulf countries accompanied by smaller increases in the non-Middle East OPEC countries will be augmented by a gradual increase in non-OPEC capacity into the late 1990s. By 2000, declining capacity in the latter two areas will offset continued capacity increases in the Gulf countries. Overall capacity in the non-OPEC countries (excluding China, Eastern Europe, and the Soviet Union), is expected to increase by 1.1 million BOPD from the low point in the early 1990s to a mid 1990s peak. The increase will be led by a large increase in capacity from the United Kingdom and smaller contributions from the non-Middle East OPEC countries and Mexico. In the forecast, emphasis has been placed on a detailed evaluation of recent significant discoveries made in non-OPEC countries and non-Middle East OPEC countries since 1983, which when taken together, are expected to add 8 million BOPD new capacity as soon as 1995. These discoveries have taken place in both existing and evolving exploration hotspots that are expected to receive increasing industry emphasis in the 1990s.

Esser, R.W. (Cambridge Energy Research Associates, MA (United States))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Real-Time Airborne Particle Analyzer  

Geology, biology, and environmental science HAZMAT Weapons inspection : Real-time method for measuring elemental composition

277

Gabon-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gabon-World Bank Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Gabon-World Bank Climate Activities AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Forestry...

278

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #578: July 6, 2009 World Oil...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was responsible for 8% of the world's petroleum production, held 2% of the world's crude oil reserves, and consumed 24% of the world's petroleum consumption in 2007. The...

279

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #432: July 10, 2006 World Oil...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was responsible for 8% of the world's petroleum production, held 2% of the world's crude oil reserves, and consumed 25% of the world's petroleum consumption in 2005. The...

280

Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security The April 2009 issue of Automation World magazine...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Low Carbon World | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Carbon World Low Carbon World Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: LowCarbonWorld Agency/Company /Organization: LowCarbonEconomy Partner: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy, Land Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Maps Website: www.lowcarboneconomy.com/Low_Carbon_World/Data/Home LowCarbonWorld Screenshot References: LowCarbonWorld[1] Background The idea behind this project was conceived at the 2008 United Nations Conference of Parties (COP14) event in Poznan (Poland). By listening to many speeches by energy ministers from numerous countries in the high level segment of the event, Toddington Harper Managing Director of The Low Carbon Economy Ltd (TLCE) became aware of the depth of valuable information being

282

International Energy Outlook 2006 - World Coal Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coal Markets Coal Markets International Energy Outlook 2006 Chapter 5: World Coal Markets In the IEO2006 reference case, world coal consumption nearly doubles from 2003 to 2030, with the non-OECD countries accounting for 81 percent of the increase. Coal’s share of total world energy consumption increases from 24 percent in 2003 to 27 percent in 2030. Figure 48. World Coal Consumption by Region, 1980-2030 (Billion Short Tons). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 49. Coal Share of World energy Consumption by Sector 2003, 2015, and 2030 (Percent). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Table 10. World Recoverable Coal Reserves (Billion Short Tons) Printer friendly version

283

World Bank Safeguard Policies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Safeguard Policies World Bank Safeguard Policies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: World Bank Safeguard Policies Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/PROJECTS/EXTPOLICIES/EXTSAFEPOL/0,,m References: World Bank Safeguard Policies [1] Overview "The World Bank's environmental and social safeguard policies are a cornerstone of its support to sustainable poverty reduction. The objective of these policies is to prevent and mitigate undue harm to people and their environment in the development process. These policies provide guidelines for bank and borrower staffs in the identification, preparation, and

284

Macroeconomic Real Gross Domestic Product  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Macroeconomic Macroeconomic Real Gross Domestic Product (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) ............. 15,584 15,680 15,819 15,886 15,970 16,068 16,173 16,295 16,422 16,557 16,701 16,832 15,742 16,127 16,628 Real Disposable Personal Income (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) ............. 11,502 11,618 11,703 11,757 11,883 11,970 12,057 12,151 12,273 12,363 12,451 12,526 11,645 12,015 12,403 Real Personal Consumption Expend. (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) ............. 10,644 10,692 10,729 10,813 10,884 10,959 11,036 11,114 11,191 11,264 11,343 11,416 10,719 10,998 11,304 Real Fixed Investment (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) ............. 2,420 2,458 2,491 2,508 2,551 2,604 2,655 2,700 2,752 2,816 2,885 2,944 2,469 2,627 2,849 Business Inventory Change (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) .............

285

World Waste Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Name World Waste Technologies Place San Diego, California Sector Biofuels Product Technology developer that focuses on converting municipal solid waste into...

286

6th World Conference on Detergents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentations from the 6th World Conference on Detergents, Defining and Designing our Future , 9-12 October 2006, Montreux, Switzerland. ...

287

Commerce's NIST Details Federal Investigation of World ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the participation of world-class technical experts from industry, academia and ... Association (NFPA), the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC ...

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

288

Environmental Resources on the World Wide Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Novel training programs in Zoo Biology, Wildlife Management,management programs in the developing world through long-term ecological research, training,

Shrode, Flora

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

High Accuracy Predictions of the Bulk Properties of Water | Argonne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Accuracy Predictions of the Bulk Properties of Water High Accuracy Predictions of the Bulk Properties of Water High Accuracy Predictions of the Bulk Properties of Water PI Name: Mark Gordon PI Email: mark@si.msg.chem.iastate.edu Institution: Iowa State University Allocation Program: ESP Allocation Hours at ALCF: 150 Million Year: 2010 to 2013 Research Domain: Chemistry Among the ab initio methods, second-order perturbation theory (MP2) predicts highly accurate structures and relative energies for water clusters. Researchers will carry out molecular dynamics simulations of water at the MP2 level. However, full MP2 calculations of even modest-sized water clusters are far too time-consuming for dynamical simulations, even on the next-generation Blue Gene. Therefore, a key element of the current approach will be the use of MP2 in conjunction with the Fragment Molecular

290

World Oral Literature Project 2012 Workshop programme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

  the  Atlas  of   the  world’s  languages  in  danger  for  UNESCO.  His  most  recent  work  is  a  revision  of  George  Campbell’s   Routledge   Handbook   of   Scripts   and   Alphabets   (2012).   He...   fundamental   study   of   Russian  intonation,   I  continued  my  work  on  Russian   intonation  at  the  Institute  for  Perception  Research  (Eindhoven)  and  on  Indonesian  prosody  at  Leiden...

Turin, Mark

2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

291

Summary World Solar Energy Data (from World on the Edge) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Energy Data (from World on the Edge) Solar Energy Data (from World on the Edge) Dataset Summary Description This dataset presents summary information related to world solar energy. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R. Brown, available from the Earth Policy Institute. This solar energy dataset includes the following: World solar PV production (1975 - 2009); Annual solar PV production by country (1995 - 2009); Solar PV production in the US (1976 - 2009); World cumulative solar PV installations (1998 - 2009); Annual solar PV installations in selected countries and the world (1998 - 2009); Cumulative solar PV installations in the US (1998 - 2009) and EU (1998 - 2009); World installed concentrating solar thermal power capacity (1980 - 2009); solar water and space heating area in selected countries (2008) and top ten countries (2008).

292

Energy Department Applauds World’s First Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Energy Station in Orange County  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Washington, D.C. – The U.S. Department of Energy today issued the following statement in support of the commissioning of the world’s first tri-generation fuel cell and hydrogen energy station to...

293

Summary World Natural Gas Data (from World on the Edge)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Summary World Natural Gas Data (from World on the Edge) This dataset...

294

The World Bank - Transport | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The World Bank - Transport The World Bank - Transport Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The World Bank - Transport Agency/Company /Organization: The World Bank Focus Area: Governance - Planning - Decision-Making Structure Topics: Analysis Tools Resource Type: Website Website: go.worldbank.org/0SYYVJWB40 This website provides relevant information about transport, focusing on The World Bank Transport Strategy - Safe, Clean and Affordable - Transport for Development. The website includes international publications and toolkits classified by type of transport and/or region/country. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Avoid - Cut the need for travel Shift - Change to low-carbon modes Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies

295

The World Energy Projection System April 2001  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The World Energy Projection System April 2001 The World Energy Projection System April 2001 Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Updates April 20, 2001 (Next Release: April, 2002) Related Links To Forecasting Home Page EIA Homepage Printer Friendly Version Continuing with this release, annual updates to the model will be available. Check this space for scheduled future releases. Note: If you are familiar with the model and just wish to download the latest version, click HERE. The World Energy Projection System The projections of world energy consumption published annually by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in the International Energy Outlook (IEO) are derived from the World Energy Projection System (WEPS). WEPS is an integrated set of personal computer-based spreadsheets containing data compilations, assumption specifications, descriptive analysis procedures,

296

World Wise Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technologies Inc Technologies Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name World Wise Technologies Inc Place Carson City, Nevada Zip 89701 Sector Renewable Energy Product Develops renewable energy technologies and applies it to new generation electrical power systems. Patented technologies to produce green power generating plants and applications. References World Wise Technologies Inc[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. World Wise Technologies Inc is a company located in Carson City, Nevada . References ↑ "World Wise Technologies Inc" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=World_Wise_Technologies_Inc&oldid=353164" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

297

World Economic Forum | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Economic Forum World Economic Forum Jump to: navigation, search Logo: The World Economic Forum (WEF) Name The World Economic Forum (WEF) Address World Economic Forum Switzerland 91-93 route de la Capite, CH-1223 Cologny/Geneva Switzerland Year founded 1971 Website http://www.weforum.org Coordinates 46.2169537°, 6.18583° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.2169537,"lon":6.18583,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

298

The World Energy Projection System April 2002  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The World Energy Projection System April 2002 The World Energy Projection System April 2002 Continuing with this release, annual updates to the model will be available. Check this space for scheduled future releases. Note: If you are familiar with the model and just wish to download the latest version, click HERE. The World Energy Projection System The projections of world energy consumption published annually by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in the International Energy Outlook (IEO) are derived from the World Energy Projection System (WEPS). WEPS is an integrated set of personal computer-based spreadsheets containing data compilations, assumption specifications, descriptive analysis procedures, and projection models. The WEPS accounting framework incorporates projections from independently documented models and assumptions about the

299

International Energy Outlook 2006 - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil Markets Oil Markets International Energy Outlook 2006 Chapter 3: World Oil Markets In the IEO2006 reference case, world oil demand increases by 47 percent from 2003 to 2030. Non-OECD Asia, including China and India, accounts for 43 percent of the increase. In the IEO2006 reference case, world oil demand grows from 80 million barrels per day in 2003 to 98 million barrels per day in 2015 and 118 million barrels per day in 2030. Demand increases strongly despite world oil prices that are 35 percent higher in 2025 than in last year’s outlook. Much of the growth in oil consumption is projected for the nations of non-OECD Asia, where strong economic growth is expected. Non-OECD Asia (including China and India) accounts for 43 percent of the total increase in world oil use over the projection period.

300

Other World Computing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Computing Computing Jump to: navigation, search Name Other World Computing Facility Other World Computing Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Other World Computing Developer Other World Computing Energy Purchaser Other World Computing Location Woodstock IL Coordinates 42.281129°, -88.417338° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.281129,"lon":-88.417338,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

National Contract Management Association's 2013 World Congress |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Contract Management Association's 2013 World Congress National Contract Management Association's 2013 World Congress National Contract Management Association's 2013 World Congress July 21, 2013 9:15AM EDT to July 24, 2013 5:15PM EDT Nashville, TN The National Contract Management Association (NCMA) will hold its 2013 World Congress from July 21 to July 24, 2013, in Nashville, TN. The theme for this conference is "Collaborative Contract Management Training: Embracing Change in a Dynamic Environment," and the agenda supports the development and ability of contract management professionals to make sound business decisions. NCMA's 2013 World Congress qualifies as training in compliance with 5 U.S.C. Chapter 41. The training is open to all Federal employees and will feature training and workshops in areas such as Contract Negotiations,

302

In Search of Real Rigidities ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The closed and open economy literatures work on evaluating the role of real rigidities, but in parallel. This paper brings the two literatures together. We use international price data and exchange rate shocks to evaluate the importance of real rigidities in price setting. We show that consistent with the presence of real rigidities the response of reset-price inflation to exchange rate shocks depicts significant persistence. Individual import prices, conditional on changing, respond to exchange rate shocks prior to the last price change. At the same time aggregate reset-price inflation for imports, like that for consumer prices, depicts little persistence. Competitor prices affect firm pricing, and exchange rate pass-through into import prices is greater in response to tradeweighted as opposed to bilateral exchange rate shocks. We quantitatively evaluate sticky price models (Calvo and menu cost) with variable markups at the wholesale level and constant markups at the retail level, consistent with empirical evidence. Variable markups alone generate price sluggishness at the aggregate level, while they fall short of matching price persistence at the micro level. Finally, variable markups magnify the size of the contract multiplier, but their absolute effects are modest unless they are coupled with exogenous sources of persistence.

Gita Gopinath

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Accuracy and Potential Economic Value of Categorical and Probabilistic Forecasts of Discrete Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accuracy and the potential economic value of categorical and probabilistic forecasts of discrete events are discussed. Accuracy is assessed applying known measures of forecast accuracy, and the potential economic value is measured by a ...

Roberto Buizza

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

MULTIPASS STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING ACCURACY IN A VOICE SEARCH APPLICATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the performance of a prototype ser- vice allowing users to enter query terms to an online search engine by voice of search terms. Methods are investigated for identifying the most likely database entry associatedMULTIPASS STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING ACCURACY IN A VOICE SEARCH APPLICATION 1,2 Tianhe Zhang, 2

Rose, Richard

305

Measurement of simulation speed: its relation to simulation accuracy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mainly by the time step. For non-spiking neurons, this means not larger than 100 usec for a reasonable physiological simulations we don't need better accuracy than 2-5%, time steps on the order of 100 usec

Pennsylvania, University of

306

Investigations into the Robustness of Sustainable Real Estate Premiums and Commercial Real Estate Econometrics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation consists of three papers, all using CoStar Group, Inc. Commercial Real Estate (CRE) data. The first two papers explore Sustainable Real Estate (Energy… (more)

Robinson, Spenser J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

Haun, R.R. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Dallas, TX (United States); Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

308

Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Discovery & Innovation Stories of Discovery & Innovation Brief Science Highlights SBIR/STTR Highlights Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 05.16.11 Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Effort yields insights that could improve battery performance. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Image shows distortion of nanowire electrode during charging Image shows distortion of nanowire electrode during charging. Researchers were able to observe charging and discharging in real time at atomic-level resolution. Rechargeable lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have become the workhorse of

309

WorldWideScience.org Goes Multilingual | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

org Goes Multilingual org Goes Multilingual News Media Contact: Cathey Daniels, OSTI, (865) 576-9539 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Friday, June 11, 2010 WorldWideScience.org Goes Multilingual OAK RIDGE, TN - Now you can find non-English scientific literature from databases in China, Russia, France, and several Latin American countries and have your search results translated into one of nine languages. With the beta launch today (view the Office of Science announcement) of Multilingual WorldWideScience.org, real-time searching and translation of globally-dispersed collections of scientific literature is possible. This new capability is the result of an international public-private partnership between the WorldWideScience.org Alliance and Microsoft Research, whose translation technology has been paired with the federated searching

310

Use of Chemical Inventory Accuracy Measurements as Leading Indicators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chemical safety and lifecycle management (CSLM) is a process that involves managing chemicals and chemical information from the moment someone begins to order a chemical and lasts through final disposition(1). Central to CSLM is tracking data associated with chemicals which, for the purposes of this paper, is termed the chemical inventory. Examples of data that could be tracked include chemical identity, location, quantity, date procured, container type, and physical state. The reason why so much data is tracked is that the chemical inventory supports many functions. These functions include emergency management, which depends upon the data to more effectively plan for, and respond to, chemical accidents; environmental management that uses inventory information to aid in the generation of various federally-mandated and other regulatory reports; and chemical management that uses the information to increase the efficiency and safety with which chemicals are stored and utilized. All of the benefits of having an inventory are predicated upon having an inventory that is reasonably accurate. Because of the importance of ensuring one's chemical inventory is accurate, many have become concerned about measuring inventory accuracy. But beyond providing a measure of confidence in information gleaned from the inventory, does the inventory accuracy measurement provide any additional function? The answer is 'Yes'. It provides valuable information that can be used as a leading indicator to gauge the health of a chemical management system. In this paper, we will discuss: (1) what properties make leading indicators effective, (2) how chemical inventories can be used as a leading indicator, (3) how chemical inventory accuracy can be measured, what levels of accuracies should realistically be expected in a healthy system, and (4) what a subpar inventory accuracy measurement portends.

Quigley, David; Freshwater, David; Alnajjar, Mikhail S.; Siegel, Dina; Kuntamukkula, Murty; Simmons, Fred

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

USE OF CHEMICAL INVENTORY ACCURACY MEASUREMENTS AS LEADING INDICATORS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chemical safety and lifecycle management (CSLM) is a process that involves managing chemicals and chemical information from the moment someone begins to order a chemical and lasts through final disposition(1). Central to CSLM is tracking data associated with chemicals which, for the purposes of this paper, is termed the chemical inventory. Examples of data that could be tracked include chemical identity, location, quantity, date procured, container type, and physical state. The reason why so much data is tracked is that the chemical inventory supports many functions. These functions include emergency management, which depends upon the data to more effectively plan for, and respond to, chemical accidents; environmental management that uses inventory information to aid in the generation of various federally-mandated and other regulatory reports; and chemical management that uses the information to increase the efficiency and safety with which chemicals are stored and utilized. All of the benefits of having an inventory are predicated upon having an inventory that is reasonably accurate. Because of the importance of ensuring one's chemical inventory is accurate, many have become concerned about measuring inventory accuracy. But beyond providing a measure of confidence in information gleaned from the inventory, does the inventory accuracy measurement provide any additional function? The answer is 'Yes'. It provides valuable information that can be used as a leading indicator to gauge the health of a chemical management system. In this paper, we will discuss: what properties make leading indicators effective, how chemical inventories can be used as a leading indicator, how chemical inventory accuracy can be measured, what levels of accuracies should realistically be expected in a healthy system, and what a subpar inventory accuracy measurement portends.

Kuntamukkula, M.

2011-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

312

Summary World Biofuels Energy Data (from World on the Edge) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Energy Data (from World on the Edge) Biofuels Energy Data (from World on the Edge) Dataset Summary Description This dataset presents summary information related to world biofuels production. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R. Brown, available from the Earth Policy Institute. This biofuels dataset includes the following ethanol production data: World (1975 - 2010); ten leading countries in the world (2010); U.S. (1978 - 2010); Brazil (1975 - 2010); China (2002 - 2010); E.U. (1992 - 2010), as well as Corn production and use for ethanol in the U.S. (1980 - 2010). Also included is biodiesel production data for: World (1991 - 2010); five leading countries (2010); U.S. (2000 - 2010); and the E.U. (2000 - 2010).

313

Predictable real-time software synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Formal theories for real-time systems (such as timed process algebra, timed automata and timed petri nets) have gained great success in the modeling of concurrent timing behavior and in the analysis of real-time properties. However, due to the ineliminable ... Keywords: Formal methods, Program synthesis, Real-time systems

Jinfeng Huang; Jeroen Voeten; Henk Corporaal

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

World Economic Forum10 Energy Transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and was, in turn, augmented by the rising use of hydrocarbons and primary (hydro and nuclear) electricity cars powered by new batteries, and there are no real alternatives to diesels in marine transport

Smil, Vaclav

315

Examining world-wide purchasing power parity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

exchange rate data spanning long periods of time (say, close to a century or ... horizon data sets have typically analyzed the real exchange rate using various ... (1991) – analyze nominal exchange rates and price ratios separately using the ...

316

MESA Makes It Real The  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microsystems & Engineering Microsystems & Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) MESA Makes It Real The Microsystems & Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Complex represents the essential facilities and equipment to design, develop, manufacture, integrate, and qualify microsystems for national security needs that cannot or should not be made in industry- either because the low volumes required for these applications are not profitable for the private sector, or because of stringent security requirements for high-consequence systems. Microsystems extend the information processing capabilities of silicon integrated circuits to add functions such as sensing, actuation, and communication-all integrated within a single package. The MESA Complex integrates the scientific,

317

Real time infrared aerosol analyzer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for analyzing aerosols in essentially real time includes a virtual impactor which separates coarse particles from fine and ultrafine particles in an aerosol sample. The coarse and ultrafine particles are captured in PTFE filters, and the fine particles impact onto an internal light reflection element. The composition and quantity of the particles on the PTFE filter and on the internal reflection element are measured by alternately passing infrared light through the filter and the internal light reflection element, and analyzing the light through infrared spectrophotometry to identify the particles in the sample.

Johnson, Stanley A. (Countryside, IL); Reedy, Gerald T. (Bourbonnais, IL); Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

World Watch Institute Feed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Watch Institute Feed World Watch Institute Feed Jump to: navigation, search Home | About | Inventory | Partnerships | Capacity Building | Webinars | Reports | Events | News | List Serve CLEAN Member Feeds Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps Centro de Energías Renovables (CER) The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Climate Technology Initiative (CTI) ClimateWorks Foundation Coalition for Rainforest Nations (CfRN) Ecofys Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank (ESMAP) Environment and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM) German Aerospace Center (DLR) German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP)

319

World Meteorological Organization | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Meteorological Organization World Meteorological Organization Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Meteorological Organization Name World Meteorological Organization Address 7bis, avenue de la Paix, Case postale 2300, CH-211 Place Geneva, Switzerland Coordinates 46.2038099°, 6.1399589° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.2038099,"lon":6.1399589,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

320

WorldScan | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WorldScan WorldScan Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: WorldScan Agency/Company /Organization: Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB) Sector: Climate, Energy Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.gtap.agecon.purdue.edu/resources/res_display.asp?RecordID=1923 Related Tools Marginal Abatement Cost Tool (MACTool) Greenhouse Gas and Air Pollution Interactions and Synergies (GAINS) Gold Standard Program Model ... further results A recursively dynamic general equilibrium model for the world economy, developed for the analysis of long-term issues in international economics; used both as a tool to construct long-term scenarios and as an instrument

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

World Agroforestry Centre | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Agroforestry Centre World Agroforestry Centre Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Agroforestry Centre Name World Agroforestry Centre Address United Nations Avenue, Gigiri PO Box 30677 Place Nairobi, Kenya Year founded 1978 Phone number +254 20 7224000 Coordinates -1.2336742°, 36.8161132° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-1.2336742,"lon":36.8161132,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

322

International Energy Outlook 1999 - World Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

world.gif (5615 bytes) world.gif (5615 bytes) The IEO99 projections indicate substantial growth in world energy use,including substantial increases for the developing economies of Asia and South America. Resource availability is not expected to limit the growth of energy markets. In 1998, expectations for economic growth and energy market performance in many areas of the world were dashed. The Asian economic crisis proved to be deeper and more persistent than originally anticipated, and the threat and reality of spillover effects grew through the year. Oil prices crashed. Russia’s economy collapsed. Economic and social problems intensified in energy- exporting countries and in emerging economies of Asia and South America. Deepening recession in Japan made recovery more difficult in Asia

323

International Energy Outlook 2001 - World Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Energy Consumption World Energy Consumption picture of a printer Printer Friendly Version (PDF) This report presents international energy projections through 2020, prepared by the Energy Information Administration, including outlooks for major energy fuels and issues related to electricity, transportation, and the environment. The International Energy Outlook 2001 (IEO2001) presents the Energy Information Administration (EIA) outlook for world energy markets to 2020. Current trends in world energy markets are discussed in this chapter, followed by a presentation of the IEO2001 projections for energy consumption by primary energy source and for carbon emissions by fossil fuel. Uncertainty in the forecast is highlighted by an examination of alternative assumptions about economic growth and their impacts on the

324

Materials Sustainability: Digital Resource Center - Recycler's World  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 30, 2008 ... Recycler's World promotes the trade of scrap materials. Users can post a listing for the type of scrap material they wish to buy or sell. Source: ...

325

The Exhibition - World Conference on Oilseed Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exhibit Schedule and Exhibitors The Exhibition - World Conference on Oilseed Processing Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Processing Elearning Olive oil Industry Events Industrial Oil Products Abstracts Program Travel Hotel Short Courses E

326

Dealing with world-model-based programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce POINTY, an interactive system for constructing world-model-based programs for robots. POINTY combines an interactive programming environment with the teaching-by-guiding methodology that has been successful in industrial robotics. Owing ...

Giuseppina C. Gini; M. L. Gini

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Composites World 2013 | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CW 2013 Oct 25 2013 12:00 AM - 04:00 PM Composites World - Carbon Fiber Knoxville, Tennessee Crowne Plaza Knoxville 401 W. Summit Hill Dr., Knoxville, TN 37902 CONTACT : Email:...

328

Tsao_LaserFocusWorld0503.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Focus World, May 2003 Page 1 Roadmap projects significant LED penetration of lighting market by 2010 Jeffrey Tsao A quiet revolution is under way. During the next five to ten years...

329

World's First Hard X-ray Laser  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LCLS is the world's most powerful X-ray laser. Its highly focused beam, which arrives in staccato bursts a few quadrillionths of a second long, allows researchers to probe complex,...

330

China Joins WorldWideScience Alliance  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

the addition of more Chinese sources to WorldWideScience.org after a successful test period. DOE's Office of Science, through (OSTI), serves as the Operating Agent for...

331

WorldWideScience.org Goes Multilingual  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Friday, June 11, 2010 WorldWideScience.org Goes Multilingual OAK RIDGE, TN - Now you can find non-English scientific literature from databases in...

332

NNSA's Sequoia supercomputer ranked as world's fastest  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

| NR-12-06-07 NNSA's Sequoia supercomputer ranked as world's fastest Donald B Johnston, LLNL, (925) 423-4902, johnston19@llnl.gov Printer-friendly From left to right in front of...

333

World Resources Institute Feed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Resources Institute Feed World Resources Institute Feed Jump to: navigation, search Home | About | Inventory | Partnerships | Capacity Building | Webinars | Reports | Events | News | List Serve CLEAN Member Feeds Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps Centro de Energías Renovables (CER) The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Climate Technology Initiative (CTI) ClimateWorks Foundation Coalition for Rainforest Nations (CfRN) Ecofys Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank (ESMAP) Environment and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM) German Aerospace Center (DLR) German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP)

334

A Review of World Hydrocarbon Resource Assessments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study reviews assessments of world oil, natural gas, and oil shale resources made between the end of World War II and the end of 1980. Details are provided on the methods used in developing these assessments, geographic coverage, time horizons, and major assumptions (e.g., about discovery rates and recovery factor). Conclusions on the current state of knowledge concerning each of these hydrocarbon resources are presented.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

WORLD OIL SUPPLY – PRODUCTION, RESERVES, AND EOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

“The weakness of intelligence is in discerning the turning points” (J. Schlesinger: former CIA Director and Ex-Secretary of Defense and of Energy) World Oil Consumption: Since 1980, the world has consumed far more oil than has been discovered. We are now finding only one barrel of new oil for every four barrels that we consume. As Donald Hodel, Ex-U.S. Secretary of Energy said: “We are sleepwalking into a disaster.” Global R/P: (Figure 1-A). Economists and laymen routinely view the future of global oil production as being directly related to a simple global Reserves/Production (R/P) ratio. This implies that oil produced in all of the world’s fields will abruptly stop when the R/P date (40 years in the future) is reached. This is as unrealistic as to expect all humans to die off suddenly, instead of gradually. Global R/Ps should NOT be used to estimate timing of future oil supplies. National R/P: (Figure 1-B). Instead of posting one average Global R/P of 40 years for the entire world, Figure 1-B shows (“National R/P”) for individual nations. This results in a very different, but a much more realistic semi-quantitative picture of the distribution of the world’s claimed oil reserves and future global oil supply than does Figure 1-A. Scale: All of these graphs are drawn to scale, which puts tight limits on their construction and analysis. A 40,000-million-barrels (4 BBO/year x 10 years) rectangle in the upper left corner of each figure shows the graphic scale for the area under the World Production Curve (WPC). (BBO =

M. King; Hubbert Center; M. King; Hubbert Center; L. F. Ivanhoe

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

International Energy Outlook 2000 - World Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The IEO2000 projections indicate continued growth in world energy use, including large increases for the developing economies of Asia and South America. Energy resources are thought to be adequate to support the growth expected through 2020. The IEO2000 projections indicate continued growth in world energy use, including large increases for the developing economies of Asia and South America. Energy resources are thought to be adequate to support the growth expected through 2020. Current Trends Influencing World Energy Demand Changing world events and their effects on world energy markets shape the long-term view of trends in energy demand. Several developments in 1999—shifting short-term world oil markets, the recovery of developing Asian markets, and a faster than expected recovery in the economies of the former Soviet Union— are reflected in the projections presented in this year’s International Energy Outlook 2000 (IEO2000). In 1998, oil prices reached 20-year lows as a result of oil surpluses

337

Updated Hubbert curves analyze world oil supply  

SciTech Connect

The question is not whether, but when, world crude oil production will start to decline, ushering in the permanent oil shock era. While global information for predicting this event is not so straightforward as the data M. King Hubbert used in creating his famous Hubbert Curve that predicted the US (Lower 48 states, or US/48) 1970 oil production peak, there are strong indications that most of the world`s large exploration targets have now been found. Meanwhile, the earth`s population is exploding along with the oil needs of Asia`s developing nations. This article reviews Hubbert`s original analyses on oil discovery and production curves for the US/48 and projects his proven methodology onto global oil discoveries and production as of 1992. The world`s oil discovery curve peaked in 1962, and thence declined, as a Hubbert Curve predicts. However, global production was restricted after the 1973 Arab oil embargo. Otherwise, world production would have peaked in the mid-1990s. Two graphs show alternate versions of future global oil production.

Ivanhoe, L.F. [Novum Corp., Ojai, CA (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Improved time-domain accuracy standards for model gravitational waveforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Model gravitational waveforms must be accurate enough to be useful for detection of signals and measurement of their parameters, so appropriate accuracy standards are needed. Yet these standards should not be unnecessarily restrictive, making them impractical for the numerical and analytical modelers to meet. The work of Lindblom, Owen, and Brown [Phys. Rev. D 78, 124020 (2008)] is extended by deriving new waveform accuracy standards which are significantly less restrictive while still ensuring the quality needed for gravitational-wave data analysis. These new standards are formulated as bounds on certain norms of the time-domain waveform errors, which makes it possible to enforce them in situations where frequency-domain errors may be difficult or impossible to estimate reliably. These standards are less restrictive by about a factor of 20 than the previously published time-domain standards for detection, and up to a factor of 60 for measurement. These new standards should therefore be much easier to use effectively.

Lindblom, Lee [Theoretical Astrophysics 350-17, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Baker, John G. [Gravitational Astrophysics Laboratory, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States); Owen, Benjamin J. [Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, Center for Gravitational Wave Physics, Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

CIA-The World Factbook | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CIA-The World Factbook CIA-The World Factbook Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CIA-The World Factbook Agency/Company /Organization: United States Central Intelligence Agency Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html Cost: Free CIA-The World Factbook Screenshot References: CIA-The World Factbook[1] "The World Factbook provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 266 world entities. Our Reference tab includes: maps of the major world regions, as well as Flags of the World, a Physical Map of the World, a Political Map of the World, and a Standard Time Zones of the World map."

340

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Real Time Pricing Xcel Energy (Public Service Companywith Real Time Pricing Xcel Energy, MDC (MinnesotaUtilities Division). 2001. “Xcel Energy’s Real-Time Pricing

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Analysis of deformable image registration accuracy using computational modeling  

SciTech Connect

Computer aided modeling of anatomic deformation, allowing various techniques and protocols in radiation therapy to be systematically verified and studied, has become increasingly attractive. In this study the potential issues in deformable image registration (DIR) were analyzed based on two numerical phantoms: One, a synthesized, low intensity gradient prostate image, and the other a lung patient's CT image data set. Each phantom was modeled with region-specific material parameters with its deformation solved using a finite element method. The resultant displacements were used to construct a benchmark to quantify the displacement errors of the Demons and B-Spline-based registrations. The results show that the accuracy of these registration algorithms depends on the chosen parameters, the selection of which is closely associated with the intensity gradients of the underlying images. For the Demons algorithm, both single resolution (SR) and multiresolution (MR) registrations required approximately 300 iterations to reach an accuracy of 1.4 mm mean error in the lung patient's CT image (and 0.7 mm mean error averaged in the lung only). For the low gradient prostate phantom, these algorithms (both SR and MR) required at least 1600 iterations to reduce their mean errors to 2 mm. For the B-Spline algorithms, best performance (mean errors of 1.9 mm for SR and 1.6 mm for MR, respectively) on the low gradient prostate was achieved using five grid nodes in each direction. Adding more grid nodes resulted in larger errors. For the lung patient's CT data set, the B-Spline registrations required ten grid nodes in each direction for highest accuracy (1.4 mm for SR and 1.5 mm for MR). The numbers of iterations or grid nodes required for optimal registrations depended on the intensity gradients of the underlying images. In summary, the performance of the Demons and B-Spline registrations have been quantitatively evaluated using numerical phantoms. The results show that parameter selection for optimal accuracy is closely related to the intensity gradients of the underlying images. Also, the result that the DIR algorithms produce much lower errors in heterogeneous lung regions relative to homogeneous (low intensity gradient) regions, suggests that feature-based evaluation of deformable image registration accuracy must be viewed cautiously.

Zhong Hualiang; Kim, Jinkoo; Chetty, Indrin J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan 48202 (United States)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

World`s gas-processing expands; Canada, U.S. lead remains steady  

SciTech Connect

Worldwide gas-processing capacity increased in 1997, led by expansions in North America, Latin America, and the Middle East. Canada and the US continued to dominate the rest of the world in capacity, but those countries` combined share of world capacities and production was kept steady in 1997 by expansions elsewhere. The paper discusses prices of natural gas in the US, Canadian plans, North American activity, world activity, and sulfur recovery capacity.

True, W.R.

1998-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

343

Summary World Wind Energy Data (from World on the Edge) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the Earth Policy Institute. This wind energy dataset includes the following cumulative installed wind power capacity datasets: World (1980 - 2009); Top ten countries (1980 -...

344

Strait of Hormuz is chokepoint for 20% of world’s oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

International crude oil and liquefied fuels movements depend on reliable transport through key chokepoints. In 2011, total world crude oil and liquefied fuels ...

345

Real Scalar Fields on Manifolds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A generic theory of a single real scalar field is considered, and a simple method is presented for obtaining a class of solutions to the equation of motion. These solutions are obtained from a simpler equation of motion that is generated by replacing a set of the original coordinates by a set of generalized coordinates, which are harmonic functions in the spacetime. These ansatz solutions solve the original equation of motion on manifolds that are defined by simple constraints. These manifolds, and their dynamics, are independent of the form of the scalar potential. Some scalar field solutions, and manifolds upon which they exist, are presented for Klein-Gordon and quartic potentials as examples. Solutions existing on leaves of a foliated space may allow inferences of the characteristics expected of exact bulk solutions.

J. R. Morris

2008-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

346

Making the New Indonesia Work for the Poor Overview iiiiiMAKING THE NEW INDONESIA WORK FOR THE POOR THE WORLD BANK OFFICE JAKARTA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and conclusions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the views of the Board of Executive Directors of the World Bank or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part of the World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. Please direct comments on this report to Jehan Arulpragasam

Jl. Jend; Sudirman Kav; Website Www. Worldbank. Org

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Regional Shares of World Carbon Emissions, 1997 and 2020  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

By country, the world’s dominant coal consumers—the United States and China—were also the top two contributors to world carbon emissions in 1997, at 24 percent ...

348

World Conference on Fabric and Home Care Montreux 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of the 2010 World Conference on Fabric and Home Care. World Conference on Fabric and Home Care Montreux 2010 Montreux , Switzerland World Conference on Fabric and Home Care: Montreux 2010 ...

349

World Conference and Exhibition on Oilseed and Vegetable Oil Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of the World Conference and Exhibition on Oilseed and Vegetable Oil Utilization World Conference and Exhibition on Oilseed and Vegetable Oil Utilization Istanbul, Turkey World Conference and Exhibition on Oilseed and Vegetable Oil U

350

The World Business Council for Sustainable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is common that a building consumes 20 % more than its design intent. The inconsistency between design and operation is a driving force. To address this issue, we present an integrated infrastructure for real-time building energy modeling, visualization and energy Fault Detection and Diagnostics (FDD). A building information model (BIM) based database is developed for the purpose of storing building operational, simulation and FDD analysis data. A BIM to building energy modeling (BEM) middleware is developed to automatically generate energy modeling codes. A connector is developed in Building Control Virtual Testbed (BCVTB) which enables the storage of building energy management system (BEMS) data into a BIM based database in real-time fashion. Finally, this infrastructure is implemented in a real-building and continuously performs its data collection and visualization functions.

Bing Dong; Zhengwei Li; Dong Luo; Sunil Ahuja; Trevor Bailey

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

NETL: 2010 World Gasification Database Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home > Technologies > Coal & Power Systems > Gasification Systems > 2010 World Gasification Database Home > Technologies > Coal & Power Systems > Gasification Systems > 2010 World Gasification Database Gasification Systems 2010 Worldwide Gasification Database Archive DOE/NETL 2010 Worldwide Gasification Database Worldwide Gasification Database Analysis The 2010 Worldwide Gasification Database describes the current world gasification industry and identifies near-term planned capacity additions. The database lists gasification projects and includes information (e.g., plant location, number and type of gasifiers, syngas capacity, feedstock, and products). The database reveals that the worldwide gasification capacity has continued to grow for the past several decades and is now at 70,817 megawatts thermal (MWth) of syngas output at 144 operating plants with a total of 412 gasifiers.

352

International Energy Outlook 2001 - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Oil Markets World Oil Markets picture of a printer Printer Friendly Version (PDF) In the IEO2001 forecast, periodic production adjustments by OPEC members are not expected to have a significant long-term impact on world oil markets. Prices are projected to rise gradually through 2020 as the oil resource base is expanded. Crude oil prices remained above $25 per barrel in nominal terms for most of 2000 and have been near $30 per barrel in the early months of 2001. Prices were influenced by the disciplined adherence to announced cutbacks in production by members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). OPEC’s successful market management strategy was an attempt to avoid a repeat of the ultra-low oil price environment of 1998 and early 1999. Three additional factors contributed to the resiliency of oil prices in

353

World Resources Institute (WRI) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resources Institute (WRI) Resources Institute (WRI) (Redirected from World Resources Institute) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Resources Institute Name World Resources Institute Address 10 G Street, NE (Suite 800) Place Washington, District of Columbia Zip 20002 Year founded 1982 Phone number (202) 729-7600 Coordinates 38.8989821°, -77.0081139° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8989821,"lon":-77.0081139,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

354

World Wind Energy Association | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Wind Energy Association World Wind Energy Association Name World Wind Energy Association Address Charles-de-Gaulle-Str. 5 Place Bonn, Germany Phone number +49 228 369 40 80 Website http://www.wwindea.org/home/in Coordinates 50.71696°, 7.13364° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.71696,"lon":7.13364,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

355

SolarWorld AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SolarWorld AG SolarWorld AG Jump to: navigation, search Name SolarWorld AG Place Bonn, Germany Zip 53113 Product Vertically integrated PV manufacturer, with factories in Freiberg, Germany and Hillsboro, Oregon. Coordinates 50.7323°, 7.101695° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.7323,"lon":7.101695,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

356

U.S. Reflects World Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: U.S. crude oil inventories reflect the world situation. U.S. inventories were drawn down in 1999 as world demand exceeded world supply of crude oil as OPEC cut back on production. Low crude oil inventories go hand in hand with low product inventories. Product inventories were also drawn down to help meet demand, as was seen with gasoline this Spring. The rise in crude oil inventories earlier this year, while indicating an improvement in the market balance, appears to be short-lived, just as we had predicted a few months ago. Looking at U.S. crude stock levels in April and May can be misleading, since increases then were more reflective of the surge in WTI and U.S. product prices in the 1st quarter. With U.S. crude oil stocks drawn down by more than 20 million barrels from

357

Investing in sustainability at Coral World  

SciTech Connect

Now open and operational for several years, Coral World offers a unique environmental model for other tourism-related facilities throughout the Caribbean and beyond. The extensive energy conservation program has yielded a 40 to 50% reduction in energy use and costs. The facility's unique on-site storm water absorption system virtually eliminates silt runoff to the coastal waters. The innovative, highly cost-effective series of renewable energy installations include a photovoltaic-powered restaurant kitchen, solar hot water systems and one of the world's first hydroelectric systems that uses wastewater drainage for turbine source waters. The extensive marine environmental conservation program protects fragile local ecosystems while also protecting the owners' investment in tourism. By investing aggressively in sustainability, Coral World's owners are reaping the benefits not only in reduced operating costs and improved profitability, but also in increased visitor volume and satisfaction.

Jackson, O.

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

World NGL markets continue rapid expansion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The international LPG industry has expanded rapidly during the 1990s and undergone significant changes. LPG consumption has expanded at nearly twice the rate of world petroleum demand. In particular, LPG use in residential and commercial markets has more than doubled in many developing countries. Markets for LPG and other petroleum products have been opened in many countries, accelerating demand growth and creating investment opportunities in all downstream segments. This has led to an overall strengthening of global LPG pricing and the development of many new export gas-processing projects. The paper discusses world LPG demand in residential and commercial markets and in petrochemicals, world LPG supply, regional increases, international trade, the US situation in natural gas, NGL supply, and NGL demand.

Otto, K.; Gist, R.; Whitley, C. [Purvin and Gertz, Houston, TX (United States); Haun, R. [Purvin and Gertz, Dallas, TX (United States)

1998-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

359

Acquisition of Real Property | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Acquisition of Real Property Acquisition of Real Property Acquisition of Real Property Acquisition of Real Property Memorandum of Understanding Between the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Army Amendment to the Memorandum of Understanding Between the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Army Standard Form 118 and 118A Report of Excess Real Property Forms Requirements: Document Title P.L. 106-580 Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, As Amended P.L. 95-91, Section 647 U.S. Department of Energy Organization Act P.L. 83-703 (68 Stat. 919), Section 161g Grants Special Authority as Required in the Act to Acquire, Sell, Dispose, etc., of Real Property in Furtherance of the Department's Mission (Under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954)

360

Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chapter 17.3 (March 2011) Chapter 17.3 (March 2011) 1 Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate References DEAR 917.74 - Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate DOE Directives DOE Order 413.3B, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, or current version DOE Order 430.1B, Real Property Asset Management, or current version Overview This section provides internal Departmental information and DOE and NNSA points of contact for issues dealing with real estate acquisition, use, and disposal for cost reimbursement and fixed price contracts when in performance of the contract, the contractor will acquire or proposes to acquire use of real property. Background DEAR Subpart 917.74 - Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate provides the policy and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Making Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A World Bank Strategy for Sub-Saharan Africa AgencyCompany Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy, Land, Climate Focus Area: Economic Development Topics:...

362

Ukraine-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ukraine-World Bank Climate Projects AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Background analysis Country Ukraine Eastern Europe...

363

Bioethics in medically assisted conception in the Muslim world  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

1 Presented at the IXth World Congress on In Vitro Fertilization ... tion in Italy made news all over the world. .... tion of MAC: The physicians should limit ac-.

364

Atomwirtschaft, Atomtechnik. (Journal, magazine, 1965) [WorldCat.org  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Get this from a library! Atomwirtschaft, Atomtechnik.. [Kerntechnische Gesellschaft (Bonn, Germany);] Home. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help Get E-mail ...

365

How much of world energy consumption and electricity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How much of world energy consumption and electricity generation is from renewable energy? EIA estimates that about 10% of world marketed energy ...

366

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #75: February 2, 1999 World...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Other Transporation .5 15 Other Sectors 1 27 Sources: Darmstadter, Joel, Energy in the World Economy, Resources for the Future, 1971 (world oil consumption in 1950) Davis, Stacy...

367

Microsoft Word - Wireless Automation World for OE FINAL.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security, Interviews Authors April 16, 2009 The April 2009 issue of Automation World magazine features the white paper...

368

World Oil Transit Chokepoints Background - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

‹ Countries World Oil Transit Chokepoints Last Updated: August 22, 2012 full report Background World oil chokepoints for maritime transit of oil are a critical part ...

369

NETL: News Release - World Gasification Database Now Available...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9, 2010 World Gasification Database Now Available from DOE Database Consolidates World's Gasification Plant Information, Illustrates Growth of Gasification Industry Washington,...

370

How much of world energy consumption and electricity generation is ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How much of world energy consumption and electricity generation is from renewable energy? EIA estimates that about 10% of world marketed energy consumption is from ...

371

Fluorescence Axial Localization with Nanometer Accuracy and Precision  

SciTech Connect

We describe a new technique, standing wave axial nanometry (SWAN), to image the axial location of a single nanoscale fluorescent object with sub-nanometer accuracy and 3.7 nm precision. A standing wave, generated by positioning an atomic force microscope tip over a focused laser beam, is used to excite fluorescence; axial position is determined from the phase of the emission intensity. We use SWAN to measure the orientation of single DNA molecules of different lengths, grafted on surfaces with different functionalities.

Li, Hui; Yen, Chi-Fu; Sivasankar, Sanjeevi

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

Summary World Wind Energy Data (from World on the Edge)

 

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Summary World Wind Energy Data (from World on the Edge)

This dataset presents summary information related...

373

2010 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

© 2010 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World 1 ­ 6 August 2010, Brisbane, Australia. Published on DVD. 160 Nickel Speciation in Serpentine Soils using Synchrotron Radiation Techniques Matthew Siebecker and Donald L Sparks 152 Townsend Hall, Department of Plant and Soil

Sparks, Donald L.

374

Understanding Controls on Historical River Discharge in the World’s Largest Drainage Basins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-term (20 yr) river discharge records from 30 of the world’s largest river basins have been used to characterize surface hydrologic flows in relation to net precipitation inputs, ocean climate teleconnections, and human land/water use ...

Christopher Potter; Pusheng Zhang; Steven Klooster; Vanessa Genovese; Shashi Shekhar; Vipin Kumar

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Research Energy Systems Integration Real Time2) integration with CA ISO energy management system (EMS);2) integration with CA ISO energy management system (EMS);

Eto, Joe

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Navin Bhatt (American Electric Power) Participants of theStability Analysis”, Electric Power System Research, Vol.  and M.  Skowronski, Electric Power Group.  2003.  ?Real?

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

real_property_asset_ver_10.indd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOEME-0060 Editors Notes: This Real Property Asset Management Plan covers the Department of Energy including the National Nuclear Security Administration, the Energy Information...

378

Real options valuation in energy markets .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Real options have been widely applied to analyze investment planning and asset valuation under uncertainty in many industries, especially energy markets. Because of their close… (more)

Zhou, Jieyun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

REAL.ps - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be the most original creation of the human spirit". Whitehead, Alfred North. \\[ Mathematics] is an independent world created. out of pure intelligence." Wordsworth ...

380

The World Bank Washington, D.C.ENHANCING DEVELOPMENT EFFECTIVENESS THROUGH EXCELLENCE AND INDEPENDENCE IN EVALUATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Operations Evaluation Department (OED) is an independent unit within the World Bank; it reports directly to the Bank’s Board of Executive Directors. OED assesses what works, and what does not; how a borrower plans to run and maintain a project; and the lasting contribution of the Bank to a country’s overall development. The goals of evaluation are to learn from experience, to provide an objective basis for assessing the results of the Bank’s work, and to provide accountability in the achievement of its objectives. It also improves Bank work by identifying and disseminating the lessons learned from experience and by framing recommendations drawn from evaluation findings. OED Working Papers are an informal series to disseminate the findings of work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas about development effectiveness through evaluation. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed here are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Board of Executive Directors of the World Bank or the governments they represent. The World Bank cannot guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply on the part of the World Bank any judgment of the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.

Jamil Macedo; Marcio C. M. Porto; Elisio Contini; Antonio F. D. Avila; Operations Evaluation; Gregory K. Ingram; Acting Director; Nils Fostvedt

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

THE WORLD BANK ? URBAN AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT URBAN WASTE MANAGEMENTCOMPOSTING AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban and Local Government Working Papers are published to communicate the results of the Bank’s work to the development community with the least possible delay. The typescript of this paper therefore has not been prepared in accordance with the procedures appropriate to formal printed texts, and the World Bank accepts no responsibility for errors. Some sources cited in this paper may be informal documents that are not readily available. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the author(s) and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations, or to members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this volume do not imply on the part of the World Bank Group any judgment on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.

Daniel Hoornweg; Laura Thomas; Lambert Otten

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-Low World Oil Price Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Low World Oil Price Case Projections (1990-2030) Low World Oil Price Case Projections (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 Low World Oil Price Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Table Data Titles (1 to 12 complete) Low World Oil Price Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low World Oil Price Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table E1 World Total Energy Consumption by Region, Low World Oil Price Case Table E1. World Total Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table E2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel, Low World Oil Price Case Table E2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

383

The accuracy of fast phylogenetic methods for large datasets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Whole-genome phylogenetic studies require various sources of phylogenetic signals to produce an accurate picture of the evolutionary history of a group of genomes. In particular, sequence-based reconstruction will play an important role, especially in resolving more recent events. But using sequences at the level of whole genomes means working with very large amounts of data—large numbers of sequences—as well as large phylogenetic distances, so that reconstruction methods must be both fast and robust as well as accurate. We study the accuracy, convergence rate, and speed of several fast reconstruction methods: neighbor-joining, Weighbor (a weighted version of neighbor-joining), greedy parsimony, and a new phylogenetic reconstruction method based on diskcovering and parsimony search (DCM-NJ+MP). Our study uses extensive simulations based on random birth-death trees, with controlled deviations from ultrametricity. We find that Weighbor, thanks to its sophisticated handling of probabilities, outperforms other methods for short sequences, while our new method is the best choice for sequence lengths above 100. For very large sequence lengths, all four methods have similar accuracy, so that the speed of neighbor-joining and greedy parsimony makes them the two methods of choice. 1

Luay Nakhleh; Bernard M. E; Moret Usman Roshan; Katherine St; John Jerry; Sun Tandy Warnow

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Photo of the Week: Real-Life Laser Device or Star Trek Set? | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Real-Life Laser Device or Star Trek Set? Real-Life Laser Device or Star Trek Set? Photo of the Week: Real-Life Laser Device or Star Trek Set? December 27, 2013 - 2:45pm Addthis Both! The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a large research device located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The NIF uses powerful lasers to heat and compress hydrogen fuel to the point where nuclear fusion reactions take place. It is currently the largest and most energetic inertial confinement fusion device in the world. Researchers use the NIF to ensure the safety of nuclear weapons, explore the potential of fusion as a safe energy source, and understand how the universe was created. In this photo, NIF Team members Bruno Van Wonterghem (left), Jim Nally (pointing) and Rod Saunders watch through a newly installed viewing window, which allows the NIF team and visitors to see inside the chamber while it is vacuum-sealed for experiments.

385

World-class product certification using Erlang  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is now ten years ago since the decision was made to apply the functional programming language Erlang to real production projects at Ericsson. In late 1995, development on the Open Telecom Platform (OTP) started, and in mid 1996 the AXD 301 project ... Keywords: Erlang, testing

Ulf Wiger; Gösta Ask; Kent Boortz

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

World-class product certification using Erlang  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is now ten years ago since the decision was made to apply the functional programming language Erlang to real production projects at Ericsson. In late 1995, development on the Open Telecom Platform (OTP) started, and in mid 1996 the AXD 301 project ... Keywords: erlang, testing

Ulf Wiger; Gösta Ask; Kent Boortz

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

World average top-quark mass  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes a talk given at the Top2008 Workshop at La Biodola, Isola d Elba, Italy. The status of the world average top-quark mass is discussed. Some comments about the challanges facing the experiments in order to further improve the precision are offered.

Glenzinski, D.; /Fermilab

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

World Watch Institute (WWI) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from World Watch Institute) (Redirected from World Watch Institute) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Watch Institute Name World Watch Institute Address 1776 Massachusetts Ave., N.W. Place Washington, D.C. Zip 20036-1904 Region Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Number of employees 11-50 Year founded 1974 Phone number (+1) 202 452-1999 Website http://www.worldwatch.org/ Coordinates 38.908507°, -77.040778° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.908507,"lon":-77.040778,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

389

Road traffic congestion in the developing world  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Road traffic jams continue to remain a major problem in most cities around the world, especially in developing regions resulting in massive delays, increased fuel wastage and monetary losses. Due to the poorly planned road networks, a common outcome ... Keywords: congestion collapse, simulation, traffic congestion, traffic detection

Vipin Jain; Ashlesh Sharma; Lakshminarayanan Subramanian

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Checkers program to challenge for world championship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The checkers program Chinook has won the right to play a 40-game match for the World Checkers Championship against Dr. Marion Tinsley. This was earned by placing second, after Dr. Tinsley, at the U.S. National Open, the biennial event used to determine ...

Jonathan Schaeffer; Joseph Culberson; Norman Treloar; Brent Knight; Paul Lu; Duane Szafron

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Powering the World: Offshore Oil & Gas Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rate of production of oil is peaking now, coal will peak in 2-5 years, and natural gas in 20-30 yearsPowering the World: Offshore Oil & Gas Production Macondo post-blowout operations Tad Patzek Gulf of Mexico's oil and gas production Conclusions ­ p.5/59 #12;Summary of Conclusions. . . The global

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

392

OECD/IEA 2013 World Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

© OECD/IEA 2013 World Renewable Energy Outlook 2030-2050 Paolo Frankl Head, Renewable Energy'humanité CNRS ­ Ademe ­ Unesco, Paris, 3 octobre 2013 #12;© OECD/IEA 2013 Current share of renewables% Electricity Transport Industry Buildings Other sectors Non-OECD solid biomass Bioenergy Other renewables Non

Canet, Léonie

393

Fifth World Congress on Computational Mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WCCM V Fifth World Congress on Computational Mechanics July 7-12, 2002, Vienna, Austria Eds.: H Material in a Computational Fluid Dynamics Framework using Micro- Mechanical Models Nicholas Christakis London, UK e-mail: I.Bridle@gre.ac.uk Key words: granular material, continuum mechanics, micro-mechanical

Christakis, Nikolaos

394

Data management for the world's largest machine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The world's largest machine, the Large Hadron Collider, will have four detectors whose output is expected to answer fundamental questions about the universe. The ATLAS detector is expected to produce 3.2 PB of data per year which will be distributed ...

Sigve Haug; Farid Ould-Saada; Katarina Pajchel; Alexander L. Read

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

BP Statistical Review of World Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, `Accounting for Oil and Gas Exploration, Development, Production and Decommissioning Activities' (UK SORP-specific data according to energy type, region and year. · An oil, natural gas and LNG conversion calculator of the world's largest oil and gas companies, serving millions of customers in more than 100 countries across

Laughlin, Robert B.

396

World History and Energy VACLAV SMIL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approximately 90% of all commercial primary energy supply, with the rest coming from primary (hydro and nuclearWorld History and Energy VACLAV SMIL University of Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada 1. A Deterministic View of History 2. The Earliest Energy Eras 3. Medieval and Early Modern Advances 4. Transitions

Smil, Vaclav

397

Real-time individualized training vectors for experiential learning.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Military training utilizing serious games or virtual worlds potentially generate data that can be mined to better understand how trainees learn in experiential exercises. Few data mining approaches for deployed military training games exist. Opportunities exist to collect and analyze these data, as well as to construct a full-history learner model. Outcomes discussed in the present document include results from a quasi-experimental research study on military game-based experiential learning, the deployment of an online game for training evidence collection, and results from a proof-of-concept pilot study on the development of individualized training vectors. This Lab Directed Research & Development (LDRD) project leveraged products within projects, such as Titan (Network Grand Challenge), Real-Time Feedback and Evaluation System, (America's Army Adaptive Thinking and Leadership, DARWARS Ambush! NK), and Dynamic Bayesian Networks to investigate whether machine learning capabilities could perform real-time, in-game similarity vectors of learner performance, toward adaptation of content delivery, and quantitative measurement of experiential learning.

Willis, Matt; Tucker, Eilish Marie; Raybourn, Elaine Marie; Glickman, Matthew R.; Fabian, Nathan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Separation axioms and the fuzzy real lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that for each lattice L which is completely distributive and equipped with an order-reversing involution, the canonical topology of the fuzzy real line @?(L) is uniformizable in the sense of Hutton; furthermore, this uniformity induces a pseudometric ... Keywords: ?-Hausdorff, Fuzzy subspace, Fuzzy topology, Product L-fuzzy real line, Pseudometrizable, Quasi-uniformity, Suitable, Uniformity

S. E. Rodabaugh

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Changing World Product Markets and Potential Refining Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Changing World Product Markets and Potential Refining Capacity Increases. NPRA Annual Meeting March 2006

400

Loss of the world: A philosophical dialogue (1)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Humanity has begun to move from the natural world into the cyber world. Issues surrounding this mental migration are debated in philosophical dialogue. The lead character is Becket Geist, a romantic philosopher with views tempered by 20th century ... Keywords: cyber world, natural world, philosophical dialogue, reality, virtual reality

Raymond Kolcaba

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 CHAPTER 1: WORLD OIL TRENDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 CHAPTER 1: WORLD OIL TRENDS Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Onshore Oil Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Offshore Oil Production

402

Theorem Proving with the Real Numbers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis discusses the use of the real numbers in theorem proving. Typically, theorem provers only support a few `discrete' datatypes such as the natural numbers. However the availability of the real numbers opens up many interesting and important application areas, such as the verification of floating point hardware and hybrid systems. It also allows the formalization of many more branches of classical mathematics, which is particularly relevant for attempts to inject more rigour into computer algebra systems. Our work is conducted in a version of the HOL theorem prover. We describe the rigorous definitional construction of the real numbers, using a new version of Cantor's method, and the formalization of a significant portion of real analysis. We also describe an advanced derived decision procedure for the `Tarski subset' of real algebra as well as some more modest but practically useful tools for automating explicit calculations and routine linear arithmetic reasoning. Finally,...

John Robert Harrison

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

NACMA 2012 Annual Workshop and Conference: Meet World ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... coordinate measuring machine technology, improve measurement accuracy and traceability, and to promote awareness and usage of recognized ...

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

404

Export.gov - Welcome to CS World Bank  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

World Bank World Bank Print | E-mail Page World Bank World Bank Home Doing Business with the World Bank Services for U.S. Companies Trade Events Links About the World Bank New Projects from the World Bank Understanding the Project Cycle The PSLO Program Contact Us Our Worldwide Network About Us Press Room Other Multilateral Development Banks Other Worldwide Markets Welcome to CS World Bank! The World Bank lends and invests billions of dollars in developing countries every year. This constant stream of funds is used to buy goods, consulting services, and civil works projects that contribute to economic development in those countries. The system of doing business with the World Bank is similar to government procurement systems in many countries. Our Global Network at Work Learn how a small manufacturing company began exporting to Turkey

405

ENERGY STAR Update: Change the World, Start with ENERGY STAR Kicks Off (April 12, 2013)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 2013 2, 2013 Change the World, Start with ENERGY STAR Kicks Off with Announcement of Top Pledge Drivers Earth Day is right around the corner and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is celebrating this important holiday by once again by announcing our top pledge drivers and inviting you to join all of us in changing the world with ENERGY STAR. Congratulations to: Georgia Power Company, Girl Scouts of the USA, Samsung Electronics, Nissan North America, and Ameren Illinois. Saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas pollution are more important than ever. Climate change is a real and urgent challenge affecting people and the environment worldwide. Through our collective energy-saving efforts, representing more than 3 million Americans, we are on track to save nearly $1.2

406

The Use of DOE Technologies at The World Trade Center Incident: Lessons Learned  

SciTech Connect

In response to the attack of the World Trade Center (WTC) on September 11, 2001, the International Union of Operating Engineers (IUOE) National Hazmat Program (OENHP) assembled and deployed a HAZMAT Emergency Management Team (Team) to the disaster site (Site). The response team consisted of a Certified Industrial Hygienist and a rotating team of industrial hygienists, safety professionals, and certified HAZMAT instructors. Through research funded by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) and managed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), the IUOE conducted human factors assessments on baseline and innovative technologies during real-world conditions and served as an advocate at the WTC disaster site to identify opportunities for the use and evaluation of DOE technologies. From this work, it is clear that opportunities exist for more DOE technologies to be made readily available for use in future emergencies.

McCabe, B.; Kovach, J.; Carpenter, C.; Blair, D.

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

407

Frequency Comparison of Two High-Accuracy Al+ Optical Clocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have constructed an optical clock with a fractional frequency inaccuracy of 8.6e-18, based on quantum logic spectroscopy of an Al+ ion. A simultaneously trapped Mg+ ion serves to sympathetically laser-cool the Al+ ion and detect its quantum state. The frequency of the 1S0->3P0 clock transition is compared to that of a previously constructed Al+ optical clock with a statistical measurement uncertainty of 7.0e-18. The two clocks exhibit a relative stability of 2.8e-15/ sqrt(tau), and a fractional frequency difference of -1.8e-17, consistent with the accuracy limit of the older clock.

Chou, C -W; Koelemeij, J C J; Wineland, D J; Rosenband, T

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Increasing soft classification accuracy through the use of an ensemble of classifiers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although soft classification analyses can reduce problems such as those associated with mixed pixels that impact negatively on conventional hard classifications their accuracy is often low. One approach to increasing the accuracy of soft classifications ...

H. T. X. Doan; G. M. Foody

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Design and testing of a high accuracy robotic single-cell manipulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have designed, built and tested a high accuracy robotic single-cell manipulator to be able to pick individual cells from array of microwells, each 30 Pm or 50 pm cubed. Design efforts have been made for higher accuracy, ...

Yoon, Jun Young, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Summary World Solar Energy Data (from World on the Edge)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Energy Data (from World on the Edge) This dataset presents summary...

411

Rapid Deposition Technology Holds the Key for the Worlds Largest...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the first solar manufacturer in the world to produce more than 1,000 megawatts (MW) of solar panels in a single year. That's enough solar modules to equal the generating...

412

Argonne CNM Highlight: World?s Most Precise ?Hard X-Ray?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

World's Most Precise "Hard X-Ray" Nanoprobe Activated X-rays from an APS undulator exiting the front end window of the nanoprobe beamline. X-rays from an APS undulator exiting the...

413

World Health Organization (WHO) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Organization (WHO) Organization (WHO) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Health Organization (WHO) Name World Health Organization (WHO) Address 20, avenue Appia 1211 Geneva, Switzerland Place Geneva, Switzerland Website http://www.who.int/en/ Coordinates 46.2327276°, 6.1343571° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.2327276,"lon":6.1343571,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

414

World Wildlife Fund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wildlife Fund Wildlife Fund Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Wildlife Fund Name World Wildlife Fund Address 1250 Twenty-Fourth Street, N.W. Place Washington, DC Zip 20090-7180 Region Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Website http://www.worldwildlife.org Coordinates 38.92°, -76.99° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.92,"lon":-76.99,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

415

International Energy Outlook 1999 - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

oil.gif (4669 bytes) oil.gif (4669 bytes) A moderate view of future oil market developments is reflected in IEO99. Sustained high levels of oil prices are not expected, whereas continued expansion of the oil resource base is anticipated. The crude oil market was wracked with turbulence during 1998, as prices fell by one-third on average from 1997 levels. Even without adjusting for inflation, the world oil price in 1998 was the lowest since 1973. The declining oil prices were influenced by an unexpected slowdown in the growth of energy demand worldwide—less than any year since 1990—and by increases in oil supply, particularly in 1997. Although the increase in world oil production in 1998 was smaller than in any year since 1993, efforts to bolster prices by imposing further limits on production were

416

World Oil Price, 1970-2020  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

World Oil Price, 1970-2020 World Oil Price, 1970-2020 (1999 dollars per barrel) 17.09 50- 45 - 40 - I Nominal dollars 35- 1995 _2020 15 - J 9, AE02000 5- 10 - HHistory Projections 0 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 35AS0570 ^a .i^ Petroleum Supply, Consumption, and Imports, 1970-2020 (million barrels per day) 30- History Projections 25 - 20 - 20~ Consumption _ Net imports 15 - Domestic supply . _ 5- 0 0 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 '-'e^~~~ u,~~ ~35AS0570 ., te Petroleum Consumption by Sector, 1970-2020 (million barrels per day) 20- History Projections 15- XTransportation 10 Industrial Eect i city gener - 5- 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 .n 35AS0570 r-N Crude Oil Production by Source, 1970-2020 (million barrels per day) 8 History Projections 6- Lower 48 conventional 4- Lower 48 offshore 2- lasa k r 0 § ^.^^^r"_ "^^"' ^Lower 48 EOR

417

Solar system tests of brane world models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The classical tests of general relativity (perihelion precession, deflection of light, and the radar echo delay) are considered for the Dadhich, Maartens, Papadopoulos and Rezania (DMPR) solution of the spherically symmetric static vacuum field equations in brane world models. For this solution the metric in the vacuum exterior to a brane world star is similar to the Reissner-Nordstrom form of classical general relativity, with the role of the charge played by the tidal effects arising from projections of the fifth dimension. The existing observational solar system data on the perihelion shift of Mercury, on the light bending around the Sun (obtained using long-baseline radio interferometry), and ranging to Mars using the Viking lander, constrain the numerical values of the bulk tidal parameter and of the brane tension.

Christian G. Boehmer; Tiberiu Harko; Francisco S. N. Lobo

2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

418

World Trade Organization | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: World Trade Organization Name World Trade Organization Address Rue de Lausanne 154, CH-1211 Place Geneva, Switzerland Number of employees 501-1000 Phone number +41 (0)22 739 51 11 Website http://www.wto.org/index.htm Coordinates 46.2238973°, 6.1496442° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.2238973,"lon":6.1496442,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

419

The real mission of ITER  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For future machines, the plasma stored energy is going up by factors of 20-40x, and plasma currents by 2-3x, while the surface to volume ratio is at the same time decreasing. Therefore the disruption forces, even for constant B, (which scale like IxB), and associated possible localized heating on machine components, are more severe. Notably, Tore Supra has demonstrated removal of more than 1 GJ of input energy, over nearly a 400 second period. However, the instantaneous stored energy in the Tore Supra system (which is most directly related to the potential for disruption damage) is quite small compared to other large tokamaks. The goal of ITER is routinely described as studying DT burning plasmas with a Q {approx} 10. In reality, ITER has a much more important first order mission. In fact, if it fails at this mission, the consequences are that ITER will never get to the eventual stated purpose of studying a burning plasma. The real mission of ITER is to study (and demonstrate successfully) plasma control with {approx}10-17 MA toroidal currents and {approx}100-400 MJ plasma stored energy levels in long-pulse scenarios. Before DT operation is ever given a go-ahead in ITER, the reality is that ITER must demonstrate routine and reliable control of high energy hydrogen (and deuterium) plasmas. The difficulty is that ITER must simultaneously deal with several technical problems: (1) heat removal at the plasma/wall interface, (2) protection of the wall components from off-normal events, and (3) generation of dust/redeposition of first wall materials. All previous tokamaks have encountered hundred's of major disruptions in the course of their operation. The consequences of a few MA of runaway electrons (at 20-50 MeV) being generated in ITER, and then being lost to the walls are simply catastrophic. They will not be deposited globally, but will drift out (up, down, whatever, depending on control system), and impact internal structures, unless 'ameliorated'. Basically, this represents an extraordinarily robust e-beam welding machine, capable of deep penetration into any armor tiles, to the cooling channels which are embedded less than 1 cm below the tile surface. When energy is deposited in a fraction of a second on (or in) a tile, the presence of underlying water cooling does no good for the purposes of heat removal.

Wurden, G A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

LARGE NUMBERS OF UNDETECTED CRACKS IN THE WORLD’S PWRS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Documents of the Davis-Besse incident reveal a strong possibility that there are large numbers of undetected cracks in the world’s pressurized water reactors, particularly in the US. This suspicion has been confirmed by the discovery of an additional crack at Davis-Besse itself. (568.5402) NIRS/WISE Amsterdam – The cracks are nothing new: they were first discovered in Bugey-3,

unknown authors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Gasification world database 2007. Current industry status  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information on trends and drivers affecting the growth of the gasification industry is provided based on information in the USDOE NETL world gasification database (available on the www.netl.doe.gov website). Sectors cover syngas production in 2007, growth planned through 2010, recent industry changes, and beyond 2010 - strong growth anticipated in the United States. A list of gasification-based power plant projects, coal-to-liquid projects and coal-to-SNG projects under consideration in the USA is given.

NONE

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

422

STEO January 2013 - world oil prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gap between U.S. and world oil prices to be cut by more than Gap between U.S. and world oil prices to be cut by more than half over next two years The current wide price gap between a key U.S. and a world benchmark crude oil is expected to narrow significantly over the next two years. The spot price for U.S. benchmark West Texas Intermediate crude oil, also known as WTI , averaged $94 a barrel in 2012. That's $18 less than North Sea Brent oil, which is a global benchmark crude that had an average price of $112 last year. The new monthly forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration expects the price gap between the two crude oils to shrink to $16 a barrel this year and then to $8 in 2014. That's when WTI would average $91 a barrel and Brent would be at $99. The smaller price gap will result from new pipelines coming on line that will lower the cost of

423

International Energy Outlook - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Oil Markets World Oil Markets International Energy Outlook 2004 World Oil Markets In the IEO2004 forecast, OPEC export volumes are expected to more than double while non-OPEC suppliers maintain their edge over OPEC in overall production. Prices are projected to rise gradually through 2025 as the oil resource base is further developed. Throughout most of 2003, crude oil prices remained near the top of the range preferred by producers in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), $22 to $28 per barrel for the OPEC “basket price.” OPEC producers continued to demonstrate disciplined adherence to announced cutbacks in production. Throughout 2003, the upward turn in crude oil prices was brought about by a combination of three factors. First, a general strike against the Chavez regime resulted in a sudden loss of much of Venezuela’s oil exports. Although the other OPEC producers agreed to increase their production capacities to make up for the lost Venezuelan output, the obvious strain on worldwide spare capacity kept prices high. Second, price volatility was exacerbated by internal conflict in Nigeria. Third, prospects for a return to normalcy in the Iraqi oil sector remained uncertain as residual post-war turmoil continued in Iraq.

424

World energy: Building a sustainable future  

SciTech Connect

As the 20th century draws to a close, both individual countries and the world community face challenging problems related to the supply and use energy. These include local and regional environmental impacts, the prospect of global climate and sea level change associated with the greenhouse effect, and threats to international relations in connection with oil supply or nuclear proliferation. For developing countries, the financial cost of providing energy to provide basic needs and fuel economic development pose an additional burden. To assess the magnitude of future problems and the potential effectiveness of response strategies, it is important to understand how and why energy use has changed in the post and where it is heading. This requires study of the activities for which energy is used, and of how people and technology interact to provide the energy services that are desired. The authors and their colleagues have analyzed trends in energy use by sector for most of the world`s major energy-consuming countries. The approach we use considers three key elements in each sector: the level of activity, structural change, and energy intensity, which expresses the amount of energy used for various activities. At a disaggregated level, energy intensity is indicative of energy efficiency. But other factors besides technical efficiency also shape intensity.

Schipper, L.; Meyers, S.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The growing world LP-gas supply  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The possible range of future (LPG) export availabilities is huge, but actual production levels depend on factors, many of which are beyond our direct control - world demand for crude oil and gas, developments in technology, and the price of both energy in general and LPG specifically. Although these factors limit some of the potential developments, a substantial increase in LPG supply is certain, and this is likely to depress its price relative to other products. Over the last few years, a dramatic expansion has taken place in the industry. From 1980 to 1987, non-Communist world production of LPG increased by close to 35%, to a total of 115 million tonnes. If this is set against the general energy scene, LPG represented 3.7% of crude oil production by weight in 1980, rising to 5.4% in 1987. This growth reflects rise in consciousness around the world of the value of the product. LPG is no longer regarded as a byproduct, which is flared or disposed of at low value, but increasingly as a co-product, and much of the growth in production has been due to the installation of tailored recovery systems. LPG markets historically developed around sources of supply, constrained by the costs of transportation. The major exceptions, of course, were the Middle East, the large exporter, and Japan, the large importer.

Hoare, M.C.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Post-construction evaluation of traffic forecast accuracy Pavithra Parthasarathi , David Levinson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Post-construction evaluation of traffic forecast accuracy Pavithra Parthasarathi Ã?, David Levinson: Transportation demand forecasting Project evaluation Forecast accuracy Model evaluation a b s t r a c t This research evaluates the accuracy of demand forecasts using a sample of recently-completed projects

Levinson, David M.

427

High-Level Real-Time Concurrency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary goal of all real-time systems is predictability. Achieving this goal requires all levels of the system to be well de ned and have a xed worst-case execution time. These needs have resulted in the creation of overly restrictive commercial real-time systems providing only ad-hoc scheduling facilities and basic concurrent functionality. Ad-hoc scheduling makes developing, verifying, and maintaining a real-time system extremely dicult and time consuming. Basic concurrent functionality forces programmers to develop complex concurrent programs without the aid of high-level concurrency features.

Ashif S. Harji; C Ashif S. Harji

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Energy Information Administration (EIA) - High World Oil Price Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High World Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) High World Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 High World Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High World Oil Price Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High World Oil Price Case Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table D1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table D1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table D2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table D2. World total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

429

Real-time monitoring of the TVA power system  

SciTech Connect

This article describes how the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) is experimenting with one of the many concepts for the uses of phasor measurements, that of utilizing phasor measurement units (PMUs) as a state estimation system. However, the term state estimation no longer applies; what is being performed is a state determination in near real-time. The PMU is a transducer that can measure voltage and current with very high accuracy. It has the ability to calculate watts, vars, frequency, and phase angle twelve times per power line cycle. The PMU can be placed in the power system so as to provide time-stamped voltage and current phasors that can be used as state variables. Input from other PMUs throughout the power system can be synchronized to within 1 microsecond via the Global Positioning System (GPS). These real-time state variables provided by the PMUs allow state estimation to be replaced by state determination. The PMUs monitoring the power system can also provide the necessary data to accurately depict events and disturbances. The PMU can be set to be triggered by an event or disturbance. A user-defined table of data, including pretrigger data, which is the sampled data for a specified interval, is stored in the PMU. The data from a single PMU can be retrieved and analyzed by popular data analysis packages to show the performance of control and protection equipment. The tables retrieved from a network of PMUs can be used to determine the system response to these events and disturbances.

Cease, T.W.; Feldhaus, B. (Univ. of Tennessee, Chattanooga, TN (United States))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Property:Real-Time | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Real-Time Real-Time Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Real-Time Property Type String Pages using the property "Real-Time" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + No + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + A Alden Large Flume + Yes + Alden Small Flume + Yes + Alden Tow Tank + Yes + Alden Wave Basin + Yes + B Breakwater Research Facility + No + Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + No + C Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + No + Carderock 3-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + No + Carderock Circulating Water Channel + No +

431

Enterprise Zone Real Property Investment Grant (Virginia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Enterprise Zone Real Property Investment Grant provides qualified zone investors with cash grants for industrial, commercial or mixed use property. The grant is equal to 20% of the excess...

432

Real Time Energy Pricing Web Services Implementation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real Time Energy Pricing Web Services Implementation Speaker(s): Jim Boch Kim McCaffrey Robert Nawy Date: December 15, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of...

433

Real time estimation of Bayesian networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For real time evaluation of a Bayesian network when there is not sufficient time to obtain an exact solution, a guaranteed response time, approximate solution is required. It is shown that non traditional methods utilizing estimators based on an archive ...

Robert L. Welch

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Real-time rendering systems in 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a case for future real-time rendering systems that support non-physically-correct global illumination techniques by using ray tracing visibility algorithms, by integrating scene management with rendering, and by executing on general-purpose ...

William R. Mark; Donald Fussell

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Turkish residential real estate investment analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the investment potential for Turkish Residential Real Estate Market, focusing mainly on Istanbul. With a stable economy since 2002, dynamic population, geo-political location and the potential accession ...

Ciller, Berk (Berk U.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Revisiting performance persistence in real estate funds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, real estate opportunity fund returns were analyzed for evidence of persistence in subsequent funds from the same manager; it is designed to update and enhance a prior thesis performed by Cathy C. Hahn (2003), ...

LaFever, Robert A. (Robert Anthony)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Real-Time Mesoscale Prediction on workstations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experience in performing real-time mesoscale numerical prediction forecasts using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) over Colorado for a winter season on high-performance workstations is summarized. Performance evaluation is done for ...

William R. Cotton; Gregory Thompson; Paul W. Mieike Jr.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Real time PCR measurement by fluorescence anisotropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the gold-standard for quantitation in both mutation and gene expression analyses. Already this technique has found valuable clinical application in disease diagnosis and progression ...

Crane, Bryan Lee, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Virtualisation: Real security for virtual machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Server virtualisation offers many real benefits to enterprises, maximising hardware resources and providing significant cost and energy savings. But there is a downside: all of the security issues we battle on networked systems also plague virtual machines, ...

Ulf Mattsson

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Gaiam Real Goods | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gaiam Real Goods Gaiam Real Goods Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Gaiam Real Goods Name Gaiam Real Goods Address 833 W So. Boulder Rd Place Boulder, Colorado Zip 80307 Sector Solar Product PV panel, efficient lighting distributor Website http://www.gaiam.com/realgoods Coordinates 39.986413°, -105.198189° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.986413,"lon":-105.198189,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Near Real-Time Push Middleware  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Architecture.. 102 System Trial .. 109 Chapter 6 Electric vehicle smart charging and vehicle-to-gridSmart Grid, to address deficiencies in existing research, and to advance the state of the art in near real-time push architectures.

Mal, Siddhartha Byron

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Identification of factors responsible for successes or failures in the supply chain based on real-world case studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The decision of firms from industrialized nations to outsource part or all of their supply chain activities to offshore countries, like in China, carries with it two major issues. The first is related to the costs and ...

Simotas, Georgios

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

The magazine of The Johns hopkins WhiTing school of engineering sUmmer/fall 2008 Real World Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Whiting School of Engineering 3400 N. Charles Street Baltimore, MD 21218 Phone: (410) 516-6852 Fax: (410" Luanne green, a principal architect with the Baltimore based firm Ayers/Saint/gross, refers to the period was outgrowing its location in downtown Baltimore on Howard and Eutaw streets. The effort took some time

Niebur, Ernst

444

Transportation Secure Data Center: Real-World Data for Transportation Planning and Land Use Analysis (Fact Sheet)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) have launched the free, web-based Transportation Secure Data Center (TSDC). The TSDC (www.nrel.gov/tsdc) preserves respondent anonymity while making vital transportation data available to a broad group of users through secure, online access. The TSDC database provides free-of-charge web-based access to valuable transportation data that can be used for: Transit planning, Travel demand modeling, Homeland Security evacuation planning, Alternative fuel station planning, and Validating transportation data from other sources. The TSDC's two levels of access make composite data available with simple online registration, and allow researchers to use detailed spatial data after completing a straight forward application process.

Not Available

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Testing Methods for Prediction of Onset of Interarea Split in a Full-Scale Real World Context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today's heavily loaded and stressed power transmission networks exhibit very complex dynamic behavior under small or large disturbances. Using normal forms of vector fields, EPRI investigators analyzed power system dynamic behavior under stressed, or heavy load, operating conditions to detect splits in the Manitoba Hydro system following a large disturbance.

1997-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

446

Using GPS Travel Data to Assess the Real World Driving Energy Use of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Highlights opportunities using GPS travel survey techniques and systems simulation tools for plug-in hybrid vehicle design improvements, which maximize the benefits of energy efficiency technologies.

Gonder, J.; Markel, T.; Simpson, A.; Thornton, M.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Author manuscript, published in "Real World Economics 60 (2012) 92-106" LIMITS TO GROWTH AND STOCHASTICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction. The aim of this article is to use probabilistic ideas to study predictive reasoning based on hypotheses and models, but without using Ito calculus, without writing any stochastic differential equations, in fact without writing any formulas at all. The aim is to extract from the study of stochastic processes those qualitative traits that have significant philosophical

Nicolas Bouleau

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

A comparison of global optimization algorithms with standard benchmark functions and real-world applications using Energy Plus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rejection equipment (cooling tower) Total primary energy useRejection equipment (cooling tower) Total primary energy useRejection equipment (cooling tower) Total primary energy use

Kamph, Jerome Henri

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Electing a university president using open-audit voting: analysis of real-world use of Helios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In March 2009, the Université catholique de Louvain elected its President using a custom deployment of the Helios web-based open-audit voting system. Out of 25,000 potential voters, 5000 registered, and almost 4000 voted in each round of the election. ...

Ben Adida; Olivier De Marneffe; Olivier Pereira; Jean-Jacques Quisquater

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Machine tool accuracy characterization workshops. Final report, May 5, 1992--November 5 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability to assess the accuracy of machine tools is required by both tool builders and users. Builders must have this ability in order to predict the accuracy capability of a machine tool for different part geometry`s, to provide verifiable accuracy information for sales purposes, and to locate error sources for maintenance, troubleshooting, and design enhancement. Users require the same ability in order to make intelligent choices in selecting or procuring machine tools, to predict component manufacturing accuracy, and to perform maintenance and troubleshooting. In both instances, the ability to fully evaluate the accuracy capabilities of a machine tool and the source of its limitations is essential for using the tool to its maximum accuracy and productivity potential. This project was designed to transfer expertise in modern machine tool accuracy testing methods from LLNL to US industry, and to educate users on the use and application of emerging standards for machine tool performance testing.

NONE

1995-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

451

Toward a defense-dominated world  

SciTech Connect

Maintaining the large-scale peace in a defense-dominated world necessarily will require not only passive but also active defenses against large-scale aggression that are technically feasible, practical and easy to employ -- and robust against perversion into support of aggression. Such peace maintenance tool-sets will feature means for effectively rebuking aggression as well as providing timely and very widely available seaming of aggression underway anywhere. This report discusses the technology base which currently exists to provide world-wide, high-quality imagery at moderate (5--10 meter) spatial resolution or imagery of 1% of the Earth`s land surface at high ({le} 1 meter) resolution no less frequently than daily, at a total cost of the order of $1 B, with operational capability in the later `90s. Such systems could provide timely warning of aggressive actions anywhere. Similarly, space-based means of defeating aggression conducted with even quite short-range ballistic missiles anywhere in the world could be brought into existence by the end of the `90s for a total cost of about $10 B, and small high-altitude, long flight-duration robotic aircraft carrying high-performance sensors and interceptor missilery could provide both seaming and active defenses against attacks conducted with very short range ballistic missiles, as well as attacks launched with air-breathing threats such as bombers and cruise missiles, for a cost per defended area of the order of $10/km{sup 2}. It appears that all of the associated sensors can find apt dual-use as high-performance systems for monitoring physical aspects of the human environment.

Wood, L.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Evaluation of the geometric accuracy of surrogate-based gated VMAT using intrafraction kilovoltage x-ray images  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the geometric accuracy of beam targeting in external surrogate-based gated volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) using kilovoltage (kV) x-ray images acquired during dose delivery. Methods: Gated VMAT treatments were delivered using a Varian TrueBeam STx Linac for both physical phantoms and patients. Multiple gold fiducial markers were implanted near the target. The reference position was created for each implanted marker, representing its correct position at the gating threshold. The gating signal was generated from the RPM system. During the treatment, kV images were acquired immediately before MV beam-on at every breathing cycle, using the on-board imaging system. All implanted markers were detected and their 3D positions were estimated using in-house developed software. The positioning error of a marker is defined as the distance of the marker from its reference position for each frame of the images. The overall error of the system is defined as the average over all markers. For the phantom study, both sinusoidal motion (1D and 3D) and real human respiratory motion was simulated for the target and surrogate. In the baseline case, the two motions were synchronized for the first treatment fraction. To assess the effects of surrogate-target correlation on the geometric accuracy, a phase shift of 5% and 10% between the two motions was introduced. For the patient study, intrafraction kV images of five stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) patients were acquired for one or two fractions. Results: For the phantom study, a high geometric accuracy was achieved in the baseline case (average error: 0.8 mm in the superior-inferior or SI direction). However, the treatment delivery is prone to geometric errors if changes in the target-surrogate relation occur during the treatment: the average error was increased to 2.3 and 4.7 mm for the phase shift of 5% and 10%, respectively. Results obtained with real human respiratory curves show a similar trend. For a target with 3D motion, the technique is able to detect geometric errors in the left-right (LR) and anterior-posterior (AP) directions. For the patient study, the average intrafraction positioning errors are 0.8, 0.9, and 1.4 mm and 95th percentile errors are 1.7, 2.1, and 2.7 mm in the LR, AP, and SI directions, respectively. Conclusions: The correlation between external surrogate and internal target motion is crucial to ensure the geometric accuracy of surrogate-based gating. Real-time guidance based on kV x-ray images overcomes the potential issues in surrogate-based gating and can achieve accurate beam targeting in gated VMAT.

Li Ruijiang; Mok, Edward; Han, Bin; Koong, Albert; Xing Lei [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-5847 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

Anthropometry for WorldSID, a World-Harmonized Midsize Male Side Impact Crash Dummy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The WorldSID project is a global effort to design a new generation side impact crash test dummy under the direction of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The first WorldSID crash dummy will represent a world-harmonized mid-size adult male. This paper discusses the research and rationale undertaken to define the anthropometry of a world standard midsize male in the typical automotive seated posture. Various anthropometry databases are compared region by region and in terms of the key dimensions needed for crash dummy design. The Anthropometry for Motor Vehicle Occupants (AMVO) dataset, as established by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI), is selected as the basis for the WorldSID mid-size male, updated to include revisions to the pelvis bone location. The proposed mass of the dummy is 77.3kg with full arms. The rationale for the selected mass is discussed. The joint location and surface landmark database is appended to this paper.

S. Moss; Z. Wang; M. Salloum; M. Reed; M. Van Ratingen; D. Cesari; R. Scherer; T. Uchimura; M. Beusenberg

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

454

World Bank Data Catalog | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Data Catalog World Bank Data Catalog Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: World Bank Data Catalog Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Resource Type: Dataset Website: data.worldbank.org/data-catalog UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, "Pacific" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Latin America and Caribbean" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., Northern America, "South Asia" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

455

Dark Energy from Brane-world Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summary. Recent observations provide strong evidence that the universe is accelerating. This confronts theory with a severe challenge. Explanations of the acceleration within the framework of general relativity are plagued by difficulties. General relativistic models require a “dark energy ” field with effectively negative pressure. An alternative to dark energy is that gravity itself may behave differently from general relativity on the largest scales, in such a way as to produce acceleration. The alternative approach of modified gravity also faces severe difficulties, but does provide a new angle on the problem. This review considers an example of modified gravity, provided by brane-world models that self-accelerate at late times. 1 1

Roy Maartens

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Oilfields of the World. Third edition  

SciTech Connect

This third edition (updated to 1984) covers all of the world's major producing areas (both onshore and offshore) on six continents. It offers essential geologic, reserves, and production data on 13 nations that have become commercial oil producers in the last five years: Benin, Cameroon, Congo Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sudan, Zaire, Greece, The Phillippines, Sharjah, Thailand, Guatemala, and Surinam. Numerous maps display the geologic details of each area. This book also contains full-color maps of the oil and gas fields of the North Sea, Persian Gulf, Mexico, Venezuela, and Brazil.

Tiratsoo, E.N.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

SuperIdentity: Fusion of Identity across Real and Cyber Domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under both benign and malign circumstances, people now manage a spectrum of identities across both real-world and cyber domains. Our belief, however, is that all these instances ultimately track back for an individual to reflect a single 'SuperIdentity'. This paper outlines the assumptions underpinning the SuperIdentity Project, describing the innovative use of data fusion to incorporate novel real-world and cyber cues into a rich framework appropriate for modern identity. The proposed combinatorial model will support a robust identification or authentication decision, with confidence indexed both by the level of trust in data provenance, and the diagnosticity of the identity factors being used. Additionally, the exploration of correlations between factors may underpin the more intelligent use of identity information so that known information may be used to predict previously hidden information. With modern living supporting the 'distribution of identity' across real and cyber domains, and with criminal elements operating in increasingly sophisticated ways in the hinterland between the two, this approach is suggested as a way forwards, and is discussed in terms of its impact on privacy, security, and the detection of threat.

Black, Sue; Creese, Sadie; Guest, Richard; Pike, William A.; Saxby, Steven; Stanton Fraser, Danae; Stevenage, Sarah; Whitty, Monica

2012-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

458

Designing a Real-time Strategy Game about Sustainable Energy Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis documents the development of a video game about sustainable energy use that unites fun with learning. Many other educational games do not properly translate knowledge, facts, and lessons into the language of games: mechanics, rules, rewards, and feedback. This approach differs by using game mechanics in new ways to express lessons about energy sustainability. This design is based on the real time strategy (RTS) genre. Players of these types of games must manage economic problems such as extracting, refining, and allocating resources, as well as industrial problems such as producing buildings and military units. These games often use imaginative fantasy elements to connect with their audience, but also made-up economic numbers and fictional resources such as magic crystals which have little to do with the real world. This thesis' approach retains the fantasy elements and gameplay conventions of this popular genre, but uses numbers, resources, and situations based on research about real-world energy production. The intended result is a game in which the player learns about energy use simply by trying to overcome the game's challenges. In addition, a combined quantitative/qualitative study was performed, which shows that players of the game learned new things, enjoyed the game, and became more interested in the topic of energy use.

Doucet, Lars Andreas

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Senior Real Property Officer (SRPO) Responsibilities About Senior Real Property Officers (SRPO)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Senior Real Property Officer (SRPO) Senior Real Property Officer (SRPO) Responsibilities About Senior Real Property Officers (SRPO) The SRPO is a senior-level manager who develops and implements agency asset management plans. The SRPO is responsible for ensuring that the asset management plan meets the following requirements: Identify and categorize real property owned, leased, or managed by the SRPO's agency Identify and pursue goals with appropriate deadlines for real property and measure agency progress Prioritize actions to be taken to improve the operational and financial management of the agency's real property inventory and make life cycle estimations associated with the prioritized actions Identify and pursue goals, with appropriate deadlines, consistent with and supportive of the

460

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response to Electricity Real-Time Prices: Short Run and Longat the prevailing real time price. Because only marginalService Rate RTP: Real Time Price Rate Experimental Day

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Wealth Transfers from Implementing Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

who are charged real-time prices. I discuss the politicalif customers exhibit real-time price elasticities of -0.1, Iit sees the actual real-time electricity price and responds.

Borenstein, Severin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Future world oil prices: modeling methodologies and summary of recent forecasts  

SciTech Connect

This paper has three main objectives. First, the various methodologies that have been developed to explain historical oil price changes and forecast future price trends are reviewed and summarized. Second, the paper summarizes recent world oil price forecasts, and, then possible, discusses the methodologies used in formulating those forecasts. Third, utilizing conclusions from the reviews of the modeling methodologies and the recent price forecasts, in combination with an assessment of recent and projected oil market trends, oil price projections are given for the time period 1987 to 2022. The paper argues that modeling methodologies have undergone significant evolution during the past decade as modelers increasingly recognize the complex and constantly changing structure of the world oil market. Unfortunately, at this point in time a consensus about the appropriate methodology to use in formulating oil price forecasts is yet to be reached. There is, however, a general movement toward the opinion that both economic and political factors should be considered when making price projections. Likewise, there is no consensus about future oil price trends. Forecasts differ widely. However, in general, forecasts have been adjusted downwardly in recent years. Further, an overall assessment of the forecasts and recent oil market trends suggests that oil prices will remain constant in real terms for the remainder of the 1980s. Real oil prices are expected to increase by between 2 and 3% during the 1990s and beyond. Forecasters are quick to point out, however, that all forecasts are subject to significant uncertainty. 69 references, 3 figures, 10 tables.

Curlee, T.R.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Forecasting world oil prices: the evolution of modeling methodologies and summary of recent projections  

SciTech Connect

This paper has three main objectives: (1) to review and summarize the varios methodologies that have been developed to explain historical oil price changes and forecast future price trends, (2) to summarize recent world oil price forecasts, and, when possible, discuss the methodologies used in formulating those forecasts, and (3) utilizing conclusions from the reviews of the modeling methodologies and the recent price forecasts, in combination with an assessment of recent and projected oil market trends, to give oil price projections for the time period 1987 to 2022. The paper argues that modeling methodologies have undergone significant evolution during the past decade as modelers increasingly recognize the complex and constantly changing structure of the world oil market. Unfortunately, a consensus about the appropriate methodology to use in formulating oil price forecasts is yet to be reached. There is, however, a general movement toward the opinion that both economic and political factors should be considered when making price projections. Likewise, there is no consensus about future oil price trends. Forecasts differ widely. However, in general, forecasts have been adjusted downwardly in recent years. Further, an overall assessment of the forecasts and recent oil market trends suggests that oil prices will remain constant in real terms for the remainder of the 1980s. Real oil prices are expected to increase by between 2 and 3% during the 1990s and beyond. Forecasters are quick to point out, however, that all forecasts are subject to significant uncertainty. 68 references, 1 figure, 6 tables.

Curlee, T.R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Sensitivity analysis of world oil prices. Analysis report AR/IA/79-47  

SciTech Connect

An analysis of the impact of the political disruption in Iran on the world oil market is presented. During the first quarter of 1979, this disruption caused a loss of approximately 5 million barrels per day (MMBD) of oil production available for export from Iran to the rest of the world. This loss of production and the political climate in Iran have caused much speculation concerning future Iranian oil production and total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) oil production in the nearterm and midterm. The analysis describes these issues in terms of two critical factors: the world oil price and the level of OPEC oil production in the nearterm and midterm. A detailed comparison of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and Energy Information Agency (EIA) forecasting models of world oil prices is presented. This comparison consists of examining reasons for differences in the price forecasts of the CIA model by using CIA assumptions within the EIA model. The CIA and EIA model structures and major parameters are also compared. It is important to note that this analysis is not all encompassing. In particular, the analysis does not provide data on crude oil prices in the spot market, but does provide information on the average crude oil price; and does not permit rationing of oil, since the market is forced to clear only through changes in oil prices. Throughout this paper, world oil prices are defined in terms of real 1978 dollars per barrel of crude oil delivered to the East Coast of the United States net of any import fees.

Rodekohr, M.; Cato, D.

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Performance Evaluation of Real Time Formaldehyde Monitors: PTR-MS and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance Evaluation of Real Time Formaldehyde Monitors: PTR-MS and Performance Evaluation of Real Time Formaldehyde Monitors: PTR-MS and Interscan 4160-500B Portable Monitor Title Performance Evaluation of Real Time Formaldehyde Monitors: PTR-MS and Interscan 4160-500B Portable Monitor Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6357E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Sidheswaran, Meera A., Sebastian Cohn, Douglas P. Sullivan, and Lara A. Gundel Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract Executive Summary Exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in buildings is a health hazard. Of particular concern is formaldehyde, a ubiquitous carcinogen emitted from furnishings and adhesives in homes and offices. Practitioners and researchers in the area of building performance are very interested in measuring formaldehyde in homes, and they need instrumentation that responds immediately. Current formaldehyde monitoring techniques are hampered by interfering substances in the sample airstream, compromising measurement accuracy and leading to drift. Many experts are now using a tabletop real-time formaldehyde instrument, the Interscan 4160-2, that LBNL researchers have found to be very sensitive to water vapor and low levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Unless ways are found to remove these interferences, relying on the Interscan's readings in buildings will lead to the wrong conclusions about formaldehyde levels and could trigger subsequent unnecessary expense and/or inappropriate responses.

466

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #447: December 11, 2006 World Ethanol  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: December 11, 7: December 11, 2006 World Ethanol Production to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #447: December 11, 2006 World Ethanol Production on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #447: December 11, 2006 World Ethanol Production on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #447: December 11, 2006 World Ethanol Production on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #447: December 11, 2006 World Ethanol Production on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #447: December 11, 2006 World Ethanol Production on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #447: December 11, 2006 World Ethanol Production on AddThis.com... Fact #447: December 11, 2006 World Ethanol Production Twelve billion gallons of ethanol were produced worldwide in 2005. The U.S.

467

Regional Shares of World Carbon Emissions, 1997 and 2020  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

coal consumers-the United States and China-were also the top two contributors to world carbon emissions in 1997, at 24 percent and 13 percent of the world total, respectively. By...

468

Green Energy World GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Energy World GmbH Place Germany Sector Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product Green Energy World GmbH is a service provider in the...

469

Proceedings of the 5th World Conference on Detergents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

5th World Conference on Detergents, includes CD-ROM. Proceedings of the 5th World Conference on Detergents Surfactants and Detergents aocs articles Detergents division divisions fabric fats home care jaocs journal jsd laundry methods oils papers personal

470

DOE's Oak Ridge Supercomputer Now World's Fastest for Open Science...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE's Oak Ridge Supercomputer Now World's Fastest for Open Science DOE's Oak Ridge Supercomputer Now World's Fastest for Open Science November 10, 2008 - 4:47pm Addthis OAK RIDGE,...

471

World record neutron beam at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

World record neutron beam at LANL World record neutron beam at Los Alamos National Laboratory Scientists have created the largest neutron beam ever made by a short-pulse laser,...

472

Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress, July 1, 2008 Senior DOE Officials in Spain to Participate in World Petroleum Congress, July 1, 2008 Senior...

473

World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Industrial Model  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS+) World Industrial Model (WIM). It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

Peter Gross

2011-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

474

World Conference on Fabric and Home Care: Singapore 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of the 2012 World Conference on Fabric and Home Care. World Conference on Fabric and Home Care: Singapore 2012 Other Conference Archives abstracts aocs conference Conference Archives courses fats industries meeting Meeting Archives meetings netwo

475

World Wind and Water Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Wind and Water Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name World Wind and Water Energy LLC Place Delaware Sector Wind energy Product Delaware-based company focused on...

476

WorldWideScience.org: China's Participation Expands Access to...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI), which serves as a primary sponsor of the WorldWideScience Alliance. WorldWideScience.org was conceived and...

477

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: February 14, 2: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on AddThis.com... Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production

478

NERSC's Hopper is Among World's Top 10 Fastest Computers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hopper Among World's Top 10 Fastest Computers Hopper Among World's Top 10 Fastest Computers One of only 10 Petaflops Systems Worldwide June 17, 2011 | Tags: Hopper, NERSC Linda Vu,...

479

World Watch Institute (WWI) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Watch Institute Name World Watch Institute Address 1776 Massachusetts Ave., N.W. Place Washington, D.C. Zip 20036-1904 Region Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Number of employees 11-50 Year founded 1974 Phone number (+1) 202 452-1999 Website http://www.worldwatch.org/ Coordinates 38.908507°, -77.040778° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.908507,"lon":-77.040778,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

480

International Energy Outlook 2000 - World Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The IEO2000 projections reflect a change in short-term expectations for world oil prices. In the long term, OPEC production cutbacks are expected to be relaxed, and prices are projected to rise gradually through 2020 as the oil resource base is expanded. The IEO2000 projections reflect a change in short-term expectations for world oil prices. In the long term, OPEC production cutbacks are expected to be relaxed, and prices are projected to rise gradually through 2020 as the oil resource base is expanded. The crude oil market rebounded dramatically in 1999. Prices rose from the low monthly average of $9.39 per barrel (nominal U.S. dollars) in December 1998 to $24.44 in December 1999, an increase of almost $15 a barrel. Prices were influenced by the successful adherence to announced cutbacks in production by members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) as well as several non-OPEC countries, notably, Mexico and Norway. In addition, the price decline in 1998 significantly dampened the annual

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real world accuracy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

World Watch Institute (WWI) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Watch Institute (WWI) Watch Institute (WWI) (Redirected from Worldwatch Institute) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: World Watch Institute Name World Watch Institute Address 1776 Massachusetts Ave., N.W. Place Washington, D.C. Zip 20036-1904 Region Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Number of employees 11-50 Year founded 1974 Phone number (+1) 202 452-1999 Website http://www.worldwatch.org/ Coordinates 38.908507°, -77.040778° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.908507,"lon":-77.040778,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

482

World energy: Building a sustainable future  

SciTech Connect

As the 20th century draws to a close, both individual countries and the world community face challenging problems related to the supply and use energy. These include local and regional environmental impacts, the prospect of global climate and sea level change associated with the greenhouse effect, and threats to international relations in connection with oil supply or nuclear proliferation. For developing countries, the financial cost of providing energy to provide basic needs and fuel economic development pose an additional burden. To assess the magnitude of future problems and the potential effectiveness of response strategies, it is important to understand how and why energy use has changed in the post and where it is heading. This requires study of the activities for which energy is used, and of how people and technology interact to provide the energy services that are desired. The authors and their colleagues have analyzed trends in energy use by sector for most of the world's major energy-consuming countries. The approach we use considers three key elements in each sector: the level of activity, structural change, and energy intensity, which expresses the amount of energy used for various activities. At a disaggregated level, energy intensity is indicative of energy efficiency. But other factors besides technical efficiency also shape intensity.

Schipper, L.; Meyers, S.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

World trends: Improving fortunes restore upstream health  

SciTech Connect

After a decade of recovery from the oil price collapse of 1986, the global upstream industry appears headed for a period of renewed strength and growth. Underpinning the prosperity is steady unrelenting growth in crude demand. Stronger global crude demand and heavy natural gas usage in the US are driving higher prices. Operators are reacting to better prices with larger drilling programs. Also boosting drilling levels are crude production expansion projects that many countries have underway in response to perceived future demand. Not surprisingly, World Oil`s outlook calls for global drilling to rise 4.5% to 60,273 wells, a second straight annual increase. Better US activity is helping, but so are stronger-than-expected numbers in Canada. Meanwhile, World Oil`s 51st annual survey of governments and operators indicates that global oil production rose 1.4% last year, to 62,774 million bpd. That was not enough, however, to keep up with demand. The paper discusses financial performance, business practices, other factors, and operating outlook. A table lists the 1996 forecasts, estimated wells drilled in 1995, and total wells and footage drilled in 1994 by country. A second table lists global crude and condensate production and wells actually producing in 1995 versus 1994.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

World Class Boilers and Steam Distribution System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

“World class” is a term used to describe steam systems that rank in the top 20% of their industry based on quantitative system performance data and energy management for the facility. The rating is determined through a proceduralized assessment process that includes technical features such as boiler efficiency and the percentage of failed steam traps. Management features such as the internal metrices and adequate staffing and training area also included in the assessment. These results are compared with benchmarks for the subject industry. Chemical plants are compared with other chemical plants instead of aggregated data from refining, food processing, health care, etc. This approach provides relevant comparisons and realistic performance targets. The assessment process and industry benchmarks have been developed through sources that include those in the public domain and proprietary industry data. Periodic review and updates are used to ensure that the data accurately represents the relevant industrial profile. Some companies may question why they should upgrade their system. The most obvious answer will be found in the benefits that derive from more efficient operations. Costs are reduced, reliability is improved, and adverse environmental impacts are mitigated. Successful upgrading and maintenance of the energy system requires management support. This may necessitate changes in current practices, technical upgrades to equipment, additional personnel, or other resources. Managers must communicate the message that they want energy management at their plant to be world class.

Portell, V. P.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

World energy: Building a sustainable future  

SciTech Connect

As the 20th century draws to a close, both individual countries and the world community face challenging problems related to the supply and use energy. These include local and regional environmental impacts, the prospect of global climate and sea level change associated with the greenhouse effect, and threats to international relations in connection with oil supply or nuclear proliferation. For developing countries, the financial cost of providing energy to provide basic needs and fuel economic development pose an additional burden. To assess the magnitude of future problems and the potential effectiveness of response strategies, it is important to understand how and why energy use has changed in the post and where it is heading. This requires study of the activities for which energy is used, and of how people and technology interact to provide the energy services that are desired. The authors and their colleagues have analyzed trends in energy use by sector for most of the world's major energy-consuming countries. The approach we use considers three key elements in each sector: the level of activity, structural change, and energy intensity, which expresses the amount of energy used for various activities. At a disaggregated level, energy intensity is indicative of energy efficiency. But other factors besides technical efficiency also shape intensity.

Schipper, L.; Meyers, S.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

OIL PRICES AND THE WORLD ECONOMY 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Oil prices, associated with bouts of inflation and economic instability over the last 30 years, have been rising in recent months. We argue that the inflationary consequences of a rise in oil prices depend upon the policy response of the monetary authorities. They can ameliorate the short term impacts on output, but only at the cost of higher inflation. In the short term the size and distribution of output effects from an increase in oil prices depends on the intensity of oil use in production and on the speed at which oil producers spend their revenue. In the medium term higher oil prices change the terms of trade between the OECD and the rest of the world and hence reduce the equilibrium level of output in the OECD. In this paper we first discuss oil market developments and survey previous studies on the impacts of increases in oil prices. We then use our model, NiGEM, to evaluate the impact of temporary and permanent oil price increases on the world economy under various policy responses, and also analyse the impact of a decline in the speed of oil revenue recycling. 1 This paper has benefited from inputs from a number of colleagues at the Institute, and we would like to thank

Ray Barrell; Olga Pomerantz

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Asymptotically Lifshitz brane-world black holes  

SciTech Connect

We study the gravity dual of a Lifshitz field theory in the context of a RSII brane-world scenario, taking into account the effects of the extra dimension through the contribution of the electric part of the Weyl tensor. We study the thermodynamical behavior of such asymptotically Lifshitz black holes. It is shown that the entropy imposes the critical exponent z to be bounded from above. This maximum value of z corresponds to a positive infinite entropy as long as the temperature is kept positive. The stability and phase transition for different spatial topologies are also discussed. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Studying the gravity dual of a Lifshitz field theory in the context of brane-world scenario. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Studying the thermodynamical behavior of asymptotically Lifshitz black holes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Showing that the entropy imposes the critical exponent z to be bounded from above. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Discussing the phase transition for different spatial topologies.

Ranjbar, Arash, E-mail: a_ranjbar@sbu.ac.ir; Sepangi, Hamid Reza, E-mail: hr-sepangi@sbu.ac.ir; Shahidi, Shahab, E-mail: s_shahidi@sbu.ac.ir

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Profile of World Uranium Enrichment Programs-2009  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is generally agreed that the most difficult step in building a nuclear weapon is acquiring fissile material, either plutonium or highly enriched uranium (HEU). Plutonium is produced in a nuclear reactor, whereas HEU is produced using a uranium enrichment process. Enrichment is also an important step in the civil nuclear fuel cycle, in producing low enriched uranium (LEU) for use as fuel for nuclear reactors to generate electricity. However, the same equipment used to produce LEU for nuclear reactor fuel can also be used to produce HEU for weapons. Safeguards at an enrichment plant are the array of assurances and verification techniques that ensure uranium is not diverted or enriched to HEU. There are several techniques for enriching uranium. The two most prevalent are gaseous diffusion, which uses older technology and requires a lot of energy, and gas centrifuge separation, which uses more advanced technology and is more energy efficient. Gaseous diffusion plants (GDPs) provide about 40% of current world enrichment capacity but are being phased out as newer gas centrifuge enrichment plants (GCEPs) are constructed. Estimates of current and future enrichment capacity are always approximate, due to the constant upgrades, expansions, and shutdowns occurring at enrichment plants, largely determined by economic interests. Currently, the world enrichment capacity is approximately 56 million kilogram separative work units (SWU) per year, with 22.5 million in gaseous diffusion and more than 33 million in gas centrifuge plants. Another 34 million SWU/year of capacity is under construction or planned for the near future, almost entirely using gas centrifuge separation. Other less-efficient techniques have also been used in the past, including electromagnetic and aerodynamic separations, but these are considered obsolete, at least from a commercial perspective. Laser isotope separation shows promise as a possible enrichment technique of the future but has yet to be demonstrated commercially. In the early 1980s, six countries developing gas centrifuge technology (United States, United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Japan, and Australia) along with the International Atomic Energy Agency and the European Atomic Energy Community began developing effective safeguards techniques for GCEPs. This effort was known as the Hexapartite Safeguards Project (HSP). The HSP had the goal of maximizing safeguards effectiveness while minimizing the cost to the operator and inspectorate, and adopted several recommendations, such as the acceptance of limited-frequency unannounced access inspections in cascade halls, and the use of nondestructive assay measurements and tamper-indicating seals. While only the HSP participants initially committed to implementing all the measures of the approach, it has been used as a model for the safeguards applied to GCEPs in additional states. Uranium enrichment capacity has continued to expand on all fronts in the last few years. GCEP capacity is expanding in anticipation of the eventual shutdown of the less-efficient GDPs, the termination of the U.S.-Russia HEU blend-down program slated for 2013, and the possible resurgence of nuclear reactor construction as part of an expected 'Nuclear Renaissance'. Overall, a clear trend in the world profile of uranium enrichment plant operation is the continued movement towards multinational projects driven by commercial and economic interests. Along this vein, the safeguards community is continuing to develop new safeguards techniques and technologies that are not overly burdensome to enrichment plant operators while delivering more effective and efficient results. This report provides a snapshot overview of world enrichment capacity in 2009, including profiles of the uranium enrichment programs of individual states. It is a revision of a 2007 report on the same topic; significant changes in world enrichment programs between the previous and current reports are emphasized. It is based entirely on open-source information, which is dependent on published sources and may theref

Laughter, Mark D [ORNL

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Real Time System Operations (RTSO) 2006-2007 project focused on two parallel technical tasks: (1) Real-Time Applications of Phasors for Monitoring, Alarming and Control; and (2) Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment (RTVSA) Prototype Tool. The overall goal of the phasor applications project was to accelerate adoption and foster greater use of new, more accurate, time-synchronized phasor measurements by conducting research and prototyping applications on California ISO's phasor platform - Real-Time Dynamics Monitoring System (RTDMS) -- that provide previously unavailable information on the dynamic stability of the grid. Feasibility assessment studies were conducted on potential application of this technology for small-signal stability monitoring, validating/improving existing stability nomograms, conducting frequency response analysis, and obtaining real-time sensitivity information on key metrics to assess grid stress. Based on study findings, prototype applications for real-time visualization and alarming, small-signal stability monitoring, measurement based sensitivity analysis and frequency response assessment were developed, factory- and field-tested at the California ISO and at BPA. The goal of the RTVSA project was to provide California ISO with a prototype voltage security assessment tool that runs in real time within California ISO?s new reliability and congestion management system. CERTS conducted a technical assessment of appropriate algorithms, developed a prototype incorporating state-of-art algorithms (such as the continuation power flow, direct method, boundary orbiting method, and hyperplanes) into a framework most suitable for an operations environment. Based on study findings, a functional specification was prepared, which the California ISO has since used to procure a production-quality tool that is now a part of a suite of advanced computational tools that is used by California ISO for reliability and congestion management.

Eto, Joseph H.; Parashar, Manu; Lewis, Nancy Jo

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing List ofUtility Experience with Real Time Pricing Table of Contents Acknowledgements iii Table of Contents..v List

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Multi-Criteria Optimisation using Past, Real Time and Predictive...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multi-Criteria Optimisation using Past, Real Time and Predictive Performance Benchmarks Title Multi-Criteria Optimisation using Past, Real Time and Predictive Performance...

492

Appendix C: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment (VSA) Prototype Functional SpecificationsPrototype Development Title Appendix C: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security...

493

Appendix B: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

B: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment (VSA) Summary Report Title Appendix B: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment (VSA) Summary Report Publication...

494

Appendix A: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment (VSA) Project: Summary of Survey Results on Methodologies for use in Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment Title Appendix A:...

495

Real-Time Chemical Imaging of Bacterial Biofilm Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real-Time Chemical Imaging of Bacterial Biofilm Development Real-Time Chemical Imaging of Bacterial Biofilm Development Print Wednesday, 25 August 2010 00:00 Scientists have...

496

Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Use, and Disposal of Real Estate More Documents & Publications Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides Chapter 17 - Special Contracting Methods...

497

City and County of Honolulu - Real Property Tax Exemption for...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Real Property Tax Exemption for Alternative Energy Improvements City and County of Honolulu - Real Property Tax Exemption for Alternative Energy Improvements Eligibility Commercial...

498

Wireless technology collects real-time information from oil and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wireless technology collects real-time information from oil and gas wells Wireless technology collects real-time information from oil and gas wells The patented system delivers...

499

2013 guidance fo real Property Inventory Reporting | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2013 guidance fo real Property Inventory Reporting 2013 guidance fo real Property Inventory Reporting SIGNEDFY13RptInstructions REV - 2013.08.15.pdf More Documents &...

500

Real Property Asset Management Plan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Real Property Asset Management Plan Real Property Asset Management Plan coverbooked.indd More Documents & Publications coverbooked.indd coverbooked.indd Tribal Summit Book.indd...