Integration In this Chapter, we define the integral of real-valued functions on an arbitrary
Hunter, John K.
CHAPTER 4 Integration In this Chapter, we define the integral of real-valued functions on an arbitrary measure space and derive some of its basic properties. We refer to this integral as the Lebesgue integral, whether or not the domain of the functions is subset of Rn equipped with Lebesgue measure
Classification of subsurface objects using singular values derived from signal frames
Chambers, David H; Paglieroni, David W
2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
The classification system represents a detected object with a feature vector derived from the return signals acquired by an array of N transceivers operating in multistatic mode. The classification system generates the feature vector by transforming the real-valued return signals into complex-valued spectra, using, for example, a Fast Fourier Transform. The classification system then generates a feature vector of singular values for each user-designated spectral sub-band by applying a singular value decomposition (SVD) to the N.times.N square complex-valued matrix formed from sub-band samples associated with all possible transmitter-receiver pairs. The resulting feature vector of singular values may be transformed into a feature vector of singular value likelihoods and then subjected to a multi-category linear or neural network classifier for object classification.
Impacts of project management on real option values
Bhargav, Shilpa Anandrao
2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
hence toll revenues) follows a geometric Brownian motion evolvement or a mean- reverting process is would not hold. Luehrman (1997) and Myers (1984) suggest that traditional valuation methods are adequate for investment decisions regarding assets... .................................................................................4 Components of Real Options .................................................................................6 Real Options as a Strategy .....................................................................................8 Real Option Valuation...
Impacts of project management on real option values
Bhargav, Shilpa Anandrao
2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
of controlling time, cost and quality. A real options approach in construction projects, improves strategic thinking by helping planners recognize, design and use flexible alternatives to manage dynamic uncertainty. In order to manage uncertainty using...
So, Chun Kit (Chun Kit Timothy)
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis investigates the use of the game theory and the real options theory in real estate development at the strategic level, trying empirically to explain different economic observations among different metropolitan ...
Real time search on the web: Queries, topics, and economic value Bernard J. Jansen a,
Jansen, James
examine aggregate usage of the search engine, including number of users, queries, and terms. We term interest in a topic and the polling nature of real time queries. Concerning search topics geographical affinity, pointing to a location-based aspect to real time search. In terms of economic value, we
Relations between elliptic multiple zeta values and a special derivation algebra
Broedel, Johannes; Schlotterer, Oliver
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate relations between elliptic multiple zeta values and describe a method to derive the number of indecomposable elements of given weight and length. Our method is based on representing elliptic multiple zeta values as iterated integrals over Eisenstein series and exploiting the connection with a special derivation algebra. Its commutator relations give rise to constraints on the iterated integrals over Eisenstein series relevant for elliptic multiple zeta values and thereby allow to count the indecomposable representatives. Conversely, the above connection suggests apparently new relations in the derivation algebra. Under https://tools.aei.mpg.de/emzv we provide relations for elliptic multiple zeta values over a wide range of weights and lengths.
An Empirical Method for deriving RBE values associated with Electrons, Photons and Radionuclides
Bellamy, Michael B [ORNL; Eckerman, Keith F [ORNL; Hertel, Nolan [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
There is substantial evidence to justify using relative biological effectiveness (RBE) values greater than one for low-energy electrons and photons. But, in the field of radiation protection, radiation associated with low linear energy transfer (LET) has been assigned a radiation weighting factor $w_R$ of one. This value may be suitable for radiation protection but, for risk considerations, it is important to evaluate the potential elevated biological effectiveness of radiation to improve the quality of risk estimates. RBE values between 2 and 3 for tritium are implied by several experimental measurements. Additionally, elevated RBE values have been found for other similar low-energy radiation sources. In this work, RBE values are derived for electrons based upon the fractional deposition of absorbed dose of energies less than a few keV. Using this empirical method, RBE values were also derived for monoenergetic photons and 1070 radionuclides from ICRP Publication 107 for which photons and electrons are the primary emissions.
Amplifying Real Estate Value through Energy&WaterManagement: From ESCO to 'Energy Services Partner'
Mills, Evan
2004-06-08T23:59:59.000Z
The energy service company (ESCO) business model could become significantly more effective by integrating the energy-efficiency purveyor and their capital into the underlying building ownership and operation partnership, rather than the current model in which the ESCO remains an outsider with higher transaction costs and limited interest and participation in the value created by the cost savings. Resource conservation advocates rarely use the language of real estate to articulate the cost effectiveness of capital improvements aimed at reducing utility costs in commercial and residential income properties. Conventional methods that rely on rarefied academic notions of simple payback time or a narrow definition of return on investment fail to capture a significant component of the true market value created by virtue of reduced operating expenses. Improvements in energy and water efficiency can increase the fundamental profitability of real estate investments by raising Net Operating Income (NOI), and hence returns during the holding period, and, ultimately, proceeds at time of sale. We introduce the concept of an Energy Services Partner, who takes an equity interest in a real estate partnership in exchange for providing the expertise and capital required to reduce utility operating costs. Profit to all partners increases considerably as a result. This approach would also help to address a crisis facing ESCOs today stemming from their considerable liabilities (through guaranteed savings) and negligible offsetting assets.
Valuing innovative technology R&D as a real option : application to fuel cell vehicles
Tsui, Maggie
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis aims to elucidate real option thinking and real option valuation techniques for innovative technology investment. Treating the fuel cell R&D investment as a real option for General Motor's light passenger vehicle ...
A real options analysis of Olympic Village development : how design flexibility adds value
Martinson, Robert J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis applies past research on real options - a right, but not an obligation to take some action on a real asset in the future - to a very specific type of real estate development related to Olympic Village development. ...
are related Shadow a Real Estate professional for a day Search the web for job profiles and position website) Talk with a career counselor Get involved with the Real Estate Club While not required preparation course at the end of the fall and spring semesters. Last Updated - October 29, 2014 TO SC H E D UL
Cai, Ximing; Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Wang, Dingbao
2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents a modeling framework for real-time decision support for irrigation scheduling using the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) probabilistic rainfall forecasts. The forecasts and their probability distributions are incorporated into a simulation-optimization modeling framework. In this study, modeling irrigation is determined by a stochastic optimization program based on the simulated soil moisture and crop water-stress status and the forecasted rainfall for the next 1-7 days. The modeling framework is applied to irrigated corn in Mason County, Illinois. It is found that there is ample potential to improve current farmers practices by simply using the proposed simulation-optimization framework, which uses the present soil moisture and crop evapotranspiration information even without any forecasts. It is found that the values of the forecasts vary across dry, normal, and wet years. More significant economic gains are found in normal and wet years than in dry years under the various forecast horizons. To mitigate drought effect on crop yield through irrigation, medium- or long-term climate predictions likely play a more important role than short-term forecasts. NOAA's imperfect 1-week forecast is still valuable in terms of both profit gain and water saving. Compared with the no-rain forecast case, the short-term imperfect forecasts could lead to additional 2.4-8.5% gain in profit and 11.0-26.9% water saving. However, the performance of the imperfect forecast is only slightly better than the ensemble weather forecast based on historical data and slightly inferior to the perfect forecast. It seems that the 1-week forecast horizon is too limited to evaluate the role of the various forecast scenarios for irrigation scheduling, which is actually a seasonal decision issue. For irrigation scheduling, both the forecast quality and the length of forecast time horizon matter. Thus, longer forecasts might be necessary to evaluate the role of forecasts for irrigation scheduling in a more effective way.
Engineering value, engineering risk : what derivatives quants know and what their models do
Spears, Taylor Clancy
2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis examines the ‘evaluation culture’ of derivatives ‘quants’ working in the over-the-counter markets for interest rate derivatives tied to Libor. Drawing on data from interviews with quants, financial mathematicians, ...
Assessing the effect of architectural design on real estate values : a qualitative approach
Millhouse, Jason A. (Jason Arden)
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It has long been known that 'good' architecture and quality design are public goods, as they have been shown to increase surrounding property values, create a sense of community, and provide a catalyst for future development. ...
Risk management with residential real estate derivatives : strategies for home builders
Eddins, Quinn W. (Quinn William)
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper examines why and how publicly-traded home builders might use index-based residential property derivatives to manage risk. After describing a number of alternative reasons for hedging, I argue for a paradigm for ...
Prayitno, T. B., E-mail: trunk-002@unj.ac.id [Physics Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jl. Pemuda Rawamangun no. 10, Jakarta, 13220 (Indonesia)
2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
We have imposed the conditions in order to preserve the real-valued partition function in the case of onedimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation coupled by time-dependent potential. In this case we have solved the Gross-Pitaevskii equation by means of the time-dependent perturbation theory by extending the previous work of Kivshar et al. [Phys. Lett A 278, 225–230 (2001)]. To use the method, we have treated the equation as the macroscopic quantum oscillator and found that the expression of the partition function explicitly has complex values. In fact, we have to choose not only the appropriate functions but also the suitable several values of the potential to keep the real-valued partition function.
Karau, Gordon G., 1978-
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The topics explored in this thesis are first how the value inherent in agriculturally zoned land can be used to support the development of an organic farm and sustainable living demonstration center; and second, whether ...
P. Sanchez
2001-05-30T23:59:59.000Z
The qualification is being completed in accordance with the Data Qualification Plan DQP-NBS-GS-000006, Rev. 00 (CRWMS M&O 2001). The purpose of this data qualification activity is to evaluate for qualification the unqualified developed input and porosity output included in Data Tracking Number (DTN) M09910POROCALC.000. The main output of the analyses documented in DTN M09910POROCALC.000 is the calculated total porosity and effective porosity for 40 Yucca Mountain Project boreholes. The porosity data are used as input to Analysis Model Report (AMR) 10040, ''Rock Properties Model'' (MDL-NBS-GS-000004, Rev. 00), Interim Change Notice [ICN] 02 (CRWMS M&O 2000b). The output from the rock properties model is used as input to numerical physical-process modeling within the context of a relationship developed in the AMR between hydraulic conductivity, bound water and zeolitic zones for use in the unsaturated zone model. In accordance with procedure AP-3.15Q, the porosity output is not used in the direct calculation of Principal Factors for post-closure safety or disruptive events. The original source for DTN M09910POROCALC.000 is a Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS) Management and Operating Contractor (M&O) report, ''Combined Porosity from Geophysical Logs'' (CRWMS M&O 1999a and hereafter referred to as Rael 1999). That report recalculated porosity results for both the historical boreholes covered in Nelson (1996), and the modern boreholes reported in CRWMS M&O (1996a,b). The porosity computations in Rael (1999) are based on density-porosity mathematical relationships requiring various input parameters, including bulk density, matrix density and air and/or fluid density and volumetric water content. The main output is computed total porosity and effective porosity reported on a foot-by-foot basis for each borehole, although volumetric water content is derived from neutron data as an interim output. This qualification report uses technical assessment and corroboration to evaluate the original subject DTN. Rael (1999) provides many technical details of the technical assessment and corroboration methods and partially satisfies the intent of the qualification plan for this analysis. Rael presents a modified method based on Nelson (1996) to recompute porosity and porosity-derived values and uses some of the same inputs. Rael's (1999) intended purpose was to document porosity output relatively free of biases introduced by differing computational methods or parameter selections used for different boreholes. The qualification report necessarily evaluates the soundness of the pre-Process Validation and Re-engineering (PVAR) analyses and methodology, as reported in Rael (1999).
Allen, Charlotte Annette
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
. In the current studies a set of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) assays for the equine cytokines IL-1?, IL-1?, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-? were validated using QPCR primers and probes which were generated for the aforementioned equine genes....
A streamlined real options model for Real Estate Development
Barman, Baabak
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis introduces a streamlined model that incorporates the value of the real options that exist in real estate development projects. Real options add value to a project by providing developers with flexibility to ...
2015-01-04T23:59:59.000Z
He shows the value of such an inter-dependence structure using real data from the natural gas industry. Chow and Regan (2011) quantify the value of flexibility ...
Real time automated inspection
Fant, Karl M. (Minneapolis, MN); Fundakowski, Richard A. (Saint Paul, MN); Levitt, Tod S. (Minneapolis, MN); Overland, John E. (Plymouth, MN); Suresh, Bindinganavle R. (New Brighton, MN); Ulrich, Franz W. (Minneapolis, MN)
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method and apparatus relating to the real time automatic detection and classification of characteristic type surface imperfections occurring on the surfaces of material of interest such as moving hot metal slabs produced by a continuous steel caster. A data camera transversely scans continuous lines of such a surface to sense light intensities of scanned pixels and generates corresponding voltage values. The voltage values are converted to corresponding digital values to form a digital image of the surface which is subsequently processed to form an edge-enhanced image having scan lines characterized by intervals corresponding to the edges of the image. The edge-enhanced image is thresholded to segment out the edges and objects formed by the edges are segmented out by interval matching and bin tracking. Features of the objects are derived and such features are utilized to classify the objects into characteristic type surface imperfections.
Real time automated inspection
Fant, K.M.; Fundakowski, R.A.; Levitt, T.S.; Overland, J.E.; Suresh, B.R.; Ulrich, F.W.
1985-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
A method and apparatus are described relating to the real time automatic detection and classification of characteristic type surface imperfections occurring on the surfaces of material of interest such as moving hot metal slabs produced by a continuous steel caster. A data camera transversely scans continuous lines of such a surface to sense light intensities of scanned pixels and generates corresponding voltage values. The voltage values are converted to corresponding digital values to form a digital image of the surface which is subsequently processed to form an edge-enhanced image having scan lines characterized by intervals corresponding to the edges of the image. The edge-enhanced image is thresholded to segment out the edges and objects formed by the edges by interval matching and bin tracking. Features of the objects are derived and such features are utilized to classify the objects into characteristic type surface imperfections. 43 figs.
Real options : a way to deal with market uncertainty in real estate development projects
Kim, Kyungwon
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The practice of applying options theory to real estate investments has only recently begun. In particular, options in real estate are called "real options." Real options add value to real estate development projects by ...
shifts toward greener energy sources. Optimising the management and siting of offshore wind farms demands requirements for shipping channels. The 25-turbine Burbo Bank Offshore Wind Farm in Liverpool Bay stands close devices, as well as offshore wind farms. They could also be of value to local authorities, local
Biomass energy : a real estate investment perspective
Foo, Chester Ren Jie
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A central consideration in real estate is how value is created in real estate development and investment deals. A biomass power plant is not only an asset which generates revenues, but from a real estate perspective, it ...
Quaternion Derivatives: The GHR Calculus
Dongpo Xu; Cyrus Jahanchahi; Clive C. Took; Danilo P. Mandic
2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
Quaternion derivatives in the mathematical literature are typically defined only for analytic (regular) functions. However, in engineering problems, functions of interest are often real-valued and thus not analytic, such as the standard cost function. The HR calculus is a convenient way to calculate formal derivatives of both analytic and non-analytic functions of quaternion variables, however, both the HR and other functional calculus in quaternion analysis have encountered an essential technical obstacle, that is, the traditional product rule is invalid due to the non- commutativity of the quaternion algebra. To address this issue, a generalized form of the HR derivative is proposed based on a general orthogonal system. The so introduced generalization, called the generalized HR (GHR) calculus, encompasses not just the left- and right-hand versions of quaternion derivative, but also enables solutions to some long standing problems, such as the novel product rule, the chain rule, the mean-valued theorem and Taylor's theorem. At the core of the proposed approach is the quaternion rotation, which can naturally be applied to other functional calculi in non-commutative settings. Examples on using the GHR calculus in adaptive signal processing support the analysis.
Value Price Transformation as a Real Process
Cockshott, P.; Cottrell, A.; technical report dept of computer science University of Strathclyde Academic Press [More Details
Cockshott,P. Cottrell,A. technical report dept of computer science University of Strathclyde Academic Press
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
2002-12-30T23:59:59.000Z
To establish Department of Energy (DOE) value engineering policy that establishs and maintains cost-effective value procedures and processes.
Bokhari, Sheharyar Javaid
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation is a collection of three essays in real estate finance. In the first essay, we observe that between 1985 and 2007, the share of household mortgage debt as a proportion of the total value of housing in the ...
Computing on Analog Neural Nets with Arbitrary Real Weights
Maass, Wolfgang
that the real valued output of the output gate gout of N is \\rounded o ". More precisely, we assume is \\1" whenever the real valued output z of gout satis es z Tout, and \\0" if z
Beyond real estate : examining global real asset allocation frameworks for institutional investors
Li, Xiangyu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Real estate is often considered an asset to provide long term value enhancement and to protect institutional investors against inflation risk. It is a typical real asset due to the physical form and fixed geographic location ...
Ferguson, J
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Earned Value Management is a methodology used to measure and communicate the real physical progress of a project and show its true cost situation. This tool was developed by the US Department of Defense in 1967 and later used successfully for monitoring DOE projects, in particular the US LHC accelerator project. A clear distinction must be made between an earned value management system and other tools under consideration or already existing at CERN which permit accurate predictions of the amount and date of future payments or a detailed follow up of contracts.
Complex higher order derivative theories
Margalli, Carlos A.; Vergara, J. David [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mexico 04510 DF (Mexico)
2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z
In this work is considered a complex scalar field theory with higher order derivative terms and interactions. A procedure is developed to quantize consistently this system avoiding the presence of negative norm states. In order to achieve this goal the original real scalar high order field theory is extended to a complex space attaching a complex total derivative to the theory. Next, by imposing reality conditions the complex theory is mapped to a pair of interacting real scalar field theories without the presence of higher derivative terms.
Baird, Matthew David
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
115 3 Testing the Additive Separability of the Teacher ValueDensities Testing the Additive Separability of the TeacherDensities Testing the Additive Separability of the Teacher
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
2004-01-07T23:59:59.000Z
To establish Department of Energy (DOE) value engineering policy that meets the requirements of Public Law 104-106, Section 4306 as codified by 41 United States Code 432. Canceled by DOE N 251.94. Does not cancel other directives.
Value of Information spreadsheet
Trainor-Guitton, Whitney
2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z
This spreadsheet represents the information posteriors derived from synthetic data of magnetotellurics (MT). These were used to calculate value of information of MT for geothermal exploration. Information posteriors describe how well MT was able to locate the "throat" of clay caps, which are indicative of hidden geothermal resources. This data is full explained in the peer-reviewed publication: Trainor-Guitton, W., Hoversten, G. M., Ramirez, A., Roberts, J., Júlíusson, E., Key, K., Mellors, R. (Sept-Oct. 2014) The value of spatial information for determining well placement: a geothermal example, Geophysics.
Value of Information spreadsheet
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Trainor-Guitton, Whitney
This spreadsheet represents the information posteriors derived from synthetic data of magnetotellurics (MT). These were used to calculate value of information of MT for geothermal exploration. Information posteriors describe how well MT was able to locate the "throat" of clay caps, which are indicative of hidden geothermal resources. This data is full explained in the peer-reviewed publication: Trainor-Guitton, W., Hoversten, G. M., Ramirez, A., Roberts, J., Júlíusson, E., Key, K., Mellors, R. (Sept-Oct. 2014) The value of spatial information for determining well placement: a geothermal example, Geophysics.
Real-Time Bid Optimization for Group-Buying Ads
Balakrishnan, Raju
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Group-buying ads seeking a minimum number of customers before the deal expiry are increasingly used by the daily-deal providers. Unlike the traditional web ads, the advertiser's profits for group-buying ads depends on the time to expiry and additional customers needed to satisfy the minimum group size. Since both these quantities are time-dependent, optimal bid amounts to maximize profits change with every impression. Consequently, traditional static bidding strategies are far from optimal. Instead, bid values need to be optimized in real-time to maximize expected bidder profits. This online optimization of deal profits is made possible by the advent of ad exchanges offering real-time (spot) bidding. To this end, we propose a real-time bidding strategy for group-buying deals based on the online optimization of bid values. We derive the expected bidder profit of deals as a function of the bid amounts, and dynamically vary bids to maximize profits. Further, to satisfy time constraints of the online bidding, we ...
Lucien Hardy
2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we consider theories in which reality is described by some underlying variables. Each value these variables can take represents an ontic state (a particular state of reality). The preparation of a quantum state corresponds to a distribution over the ontic states. If we make three basic assumptions, we can show that the distributions over ontic states corresponding to distinct pure states are non-overlapping. This means that we can deduce the quantum state from a knowledge of the ontic state. Hence, if these assumptions are correct, we can claim that the quantum state is a real thing (it is written into the underlying variables that describe reality). The key assumption we use in this proof is ontic indifference - that quantum transformations that do not affect a given pure quantum state can be implemented in such a way that they do not affect the ontic states in the support of that state. In fact this assumption is violated in the Spekkens toy model (which captures many aspects of quantum theory and in which different pure states of the model have overlapping distributions over ontic states). This paper proves that ontic indifference must be violated in any model reproducing quantum theory in which the quantum state is not a real thing. The argument presented in this paper is different from that given in a recent paper by Pusey, Barrett, and Rudolph. It uses a different key assumption and it pertains to a single copy of the system in question.
Datta, Shoumen
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Can we collapse information asymmetries and add value to networks or demand webs? Real-time operational adaptability is key,
Dynamical real numbers and living systems
Dhurjati Prasad Datta
2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z
Recently uncovered second derivative discontinuous solutions of the simplest linear ordinary differential equation define not only an nonstandard extension of the framework of the ordinary calculus, but also provide a dynamical representation of the ordinary real number system. Every real number can be visualized as a living cell -like structure, endowed with a definite evolutionary arrow. We discuss the relevance of this extended calculus in the study of living systems. We also present an intelligent version of the Newton's first law of motion.
POLYPEPTIDE STRUCTURE PREDICTION: REAL-VALUED VERSUS BINARY HYBRID GENETIC
Istrail, Sorin
is the development of efficient global energy minimization techniques. This is a difficult optimization problem]-Enkephalin. for example, is es- timated to have more than 10u locally optimal confor- mations. Energy minimization be viewed as a sequentially hybrid approach, in which efficient local optimization of single residue
Building Information Modeling : value for real estate developers and owners
Clason, John C. (John Charles)
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Architecture, Engineering, and Construction industry severely lags behind the manufacturing industry in terms of efficiency and productivity growth. This lag is a result of the fragmented nature of the industry and its ...
Weak Values and Relational Generalisations
Thomas Marlow
2006-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
We justify generalisations of weak values from a tentatively relational perspective by deriving them from a generalisation of Bayes' rule. We also argue that these generalisations have implications of quantum nonlocality and may form a novel approach to quantum gravity and cosmology.
RealReal heterojunctionsheterojunctions Schottky barrier current
Pulfrey, David L.
-EFFICIENCY CDTE AND CIGS THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS: HIGHLIGHTS AND CHALLENGES. National Renewable Energy Laboratory1 RealReal heterojunctionsheterojunctions LECTURE 9 · Schottky barrier current · CdS/CIGS · Energy is the forward-bias current? #12;33 HeterostructureHeterostructure, thin film, cells: a lower, thin film, cells
Electricity Real Options Valuation
Broszkiewicz-Suwaj, E
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.
Electricity Real Options Valuation
Ewa Broszkiewicz-Suwaj
2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.
Electromagnetic Radiation and Motion of Real Particle
Jozef Klacka
2001-06-21T23:59:59.000Z
Relativistically covariant equation of motion for real dust particle under the action of electromagnetic radiation is derived. The particle is neutral in charge. Equation of motion is expressed in terms of particle's optical properties, standardly used in optics for stationary particles.
Improving the Software Upgrade Value Stream
Ippolito, Brian
This paper reports findings from a two-year study to identify Lean practices for deriving software requirements from aerospace system level requirements, with a goal towards improving the software upgrade value stream.
Sustainable value analysis tool for value creation
Yang, Miying; Vladimirova, Doroteya; Rana, Padmakshi; Evans, Steve
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
opportunities in the company. For example, the waste of low-grade heat and water was identified to be a major value uncaptured in the MOL, and the value opportunity is that it can be used to produce electricity or drive the compressor, or vaporize the liquid O2... to environment and society. However, the concept of value missed needs further clarity – value currently squandered, wasted or inadequately captured by a current business model. Besides, selling service is intangible, flexible and unpredictable, therefore...
Platforms and Real Options in Large-Scale Engineering Konstantinos Kalligeros
de Weck, Olivier L.
Platforms and Real Options in Large-Scale Engineering Systems by Konstantinos Kalligeros Dipl teams to assess the value of real options in programs of large-scale, partially stan- dardized systems. A novel valuation process is introduced to value the developer's real options to choose among
Real Estate Price Measurement and Stability Crises
Wallace, Nancy
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
T. , 1993, Equilibrium and options on real assets, Review ofor the effects of real options com- ponents of real estatearising from the real option components of real estate
Stress Testing Projected Capitalized Farmland Values
Gao, Bo 1988-
2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
values in each state as well as regional averages over the 2012-2015 period. These projections reflect alternative assumptions regarding future trends in real net farm income at the state level as well as the rate on 10-year constant maturity U...
Vertical Phasing as a Corporate Real Estate Strategy and Development Option
Guma, Anthony
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the potential value of significant vertical phasing – that is, the addition of five or more stories to an existing building – as a valuable real option in real estate ...
Persistent Commissioning, Persistent Value
Morgan, W. R.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
NOC and Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) collaboratively developed and deployed an energy efficiency incentive program targeting commercial real estate and high-tech office customers. The program employs a combination of monitoring based commissioning (MBCx...
Creating value from uncertainty : a study of ocean transportation contracting
Pálsson, Sigurjón
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
How can financial tools like real options and hedging mitigate and create value from uncertainty in transportation? This paper describes these concepts and identifies research on them that has relevance to transportation. ...
Platforms and real options in large-scale engineering systems
Kalligeros, Konstantinos C., 1976-
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis introduces a framework and two methodologies that enable engineering management teams to assess the value of real options in programs of large-scale, partially standardized systems implemented a few times over ...
Crimaldi, John P.
Find a Job Post a Job Real Estate Automobiles All Classifieds International National Politics: A Nation Challenged Special: Winter Olympics Editorials/Op-Ed Readers' Opinions Automobiles Arts Books
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
of the REAL ID Act. Contact Badge Office (505) 667-6901 Email Badge requirements US citizen employees must present a photo ID and proof of US citizenship. See Security Smart...
Saldin, Dilano
; valuation methods, analysis of evidence of value; appraising residential and income properties. Prereq
Real Performance for Real Buildings (RPRB)
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasma | Department ofEnergy 9ofPressure Swing2002 |Department of Energy ReactionTop EnergyReal
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
and PV industry sales staff. For appraisers, the inputs specific to PV in the Residential Green and Energy Efficient Addendum can be used as inputs to PV Value. Valuing a PV...
Real Estate Approvals | Department of Energy
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Real Estate Approvals Real Estate Approvals Real Estate Approvals Policy Flash 2011-61, Acquisition Guide Chapter 17.3, Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate (attachment)...
Chapter 7. Derivatives markets. Manual for SOA Exam FM/CAS Exam 2.
Arcones, Miguel A.
7. Derivatives markets. Section 7.4. Call options. Minimums and maximums Definition 1 Given two real 7. Derivatives markets. Section 7.4. Call options. Definition 3 Given a real number a, |a| = a markets. Section 7.4. Call options. c 2009. Miguel A. Arcones. All rights reserved. Extract from: "Arcones
Real Estate Development Company Description
Dahl, David B.
Star and other real estate database products, and modeling valuation methods. This project will require 3
Real Property Asset Management
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z
The directive establishes an integrated corporate-level, performance based approach to the life-cycle management of our real property assets. It links real property asset planning, programming, budgeting and evaluation to the Department's multi-faceted missions. Successful implementation of this order will enable the Department to carry out our stewardship responsibilities, and will ensure that our facilities and infrastructure are properly sized and in a condition to meet our mission requirements today and in the future. Chg 1, dated 2-8-08. Chg 2, dated 4-25-11
Real Property Asset Management
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z
The directive establishes an integrated corporate-level, performance based approach to the life-cycle management of our real property assets. It links real property asset planning, programming, budgeting and evaluation to the Department's multi-faceted missions. Successful implementation of this order will enable the Department to carry out our stewardship responsibilities, and will ensure that our facilities and infrastructure are properly sized and in a condition to meet our mission requirements today and in the future. Cancels: DOE O 430.1A. Chg 1, dated 2-8-08. Chg 2, dated 4-25-11
EVALUATION OF VALUE CREATION CONCEPTS IN SINGLE FAMILY RESIDENTIAL SUBDIVISIONS
Shin, Woo Jin
2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
To increase real estate values, developers often apply designs on the land. In the case of a single family housing development, the designs are applied to the unit of subdivisions. In this study, the designs are defined as “value creation concepts...
Johanis, Michal
THE METHOD OF LAGRANGE MULTIPLIERS #12;Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Trench, William F-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. FREE DOWNLOADABLE SUPPLEMENTS FUNCTIONS DEFINED BY IMPROPER INTEGRALS.3 The Real Line 19 Chapter 2 Differential Calculus of Functions of One Variable 30 2.1 Functions and Limits
Prigozhin, Leonid
reserved Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Trench, William F. Introduction to real of Functions of One Variable 30 2.1 Functions and Limits 30 2.2 Continuity 53 2.3 Differentiable Functions of Functions of One Variable 113 3.1 Definition of the Integral 113 3.2 Existence of the Integral 128 3
Miller, Douglas J.; Chang, Ching-Feng; Lewis, Irwin C.; Lewis, Richard T.
2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
A high coking value pitch prepared from coal tar distillate and has a low softening point and a high carbon value while containing substantially no quinoline insolubles is disclosed. The pitch can be used as an impregnant or binder for producing carbon and graphite articles.
T. Matolcsi; P. Van
2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
A four dimensional treatment of nonrelativistic space-time gives a natural frame to deal with objective time derivatives. In this framework some well known objective time derivatives of continuum mechanics appear as Lie-derivatives. Their coordinatized forms depends on the tensorial properties of the relevant physical quantities. We calculate the particular forms of objective time derivatives for scalars, vectors, covectors and different second order tensors from the point of view of a rotating observer. The relation of substantial, material and objective time derivatives is treated.
Fossil fuel derivatives with reduced carbon. Phase I final report
Kennel, E.B.; Zondlo, J.W.; Cessna, T.J.
1999-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
This project involves the simultaneous production of clean fossil fuel derivatives with reduced carbon and sulfur, along with value-added carbon nanofibers. This can be accomplished because the nanofiber production process removes carbon via a catalyzed pyrolysis reaction, which also has the effect of removing 99.9% of the sulfur, which is trapped in the nanofibers. The reaction is mildly endothermic, meaning that net energy production with real reductions in greenhouse emissions are possible. In Phase I research, the feasibility of generating clean fossil fuel derivatives with reduced carbon was demonstrated by the successful design, construction and operation of a facility capable of utilizing coal as well as natural gas as an inlet feedstock. In the case of coal, for example, reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions can be as much as 70% (normalized according to kilowatts produced), with the majority of carbon safely sequestered in the form of carbon nanofibers or coke. Both of these products are value-added commodities, indicating that low-emission coal fuel can be done at a profit rather than a loss as is the case with most clean-up schemes. The main results of this project were as follows: (1) It was shown that the nanofiber production process produces hydrogen as a byproduct. (2) The hydrogen, or hydrogen-rich hydrocarbon mixture can be consumed with net release of enthalpy. (3) The greenhouse gas emissions from both coal and natural gas are significantly reduced. Because coal consumption also creates coke, the carbon emission can be reduced by 75% per kilowatt-hour of power produced.
Iommi, Godofredo
Godofredo Iommi CÂ´alculo Real #12;#12;Prefacio Estas son notas construÂ´idas a partir de diversos cursos de cÂ´alculo dictados en la Pontificia Universidad CatÂ´olica de Chile entre 2008 y 2014. Los gran cantidad de muy buenos textos de cÂ´alculo y de anÂ´alisis en una variable y estas notas estan
Economic Value of Agricultural
Economic Value of Agricultural Research Public Investment in Texas Agricultural Research Yields Significant Economic Returns #12;Texas agricultural producers and especially consumers benefit directly from public investment in agricultural research. According to a 2006 study (Huffman and Evenson), the overall
Contreras, J.L.; Frantzis, L.; Blazewicz, S.; Pinault, D.; Sawyer, H.
2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
The goals of this report are to identify best practices in methodologies for estimating the value of distributed PV technologies, identify gaps in existing knowledge, and outline R&D opportunities.
Value of Information References
Morency, Christina
2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Advanced Wall Systems ORNL Home ASTM Testing BEP Home Related Sites Work With Us Advanced Wall Systems Home Interactive Calculators New Whole Wall R-value Calculators As A Part Of...
Value of Information References
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Morency, Christina
This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.
Integrating weather derivatives for managing risks
Bilski, B. [WeatherWise USA LLC, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
As deregulation and customer choice loom on the horizon, many energy utilities and other energy suppliers are scrambling to find new services that add value for consumers. Many are also seeking opportunities for increasing efficiency to ensure that costs remain competitive. Integrating weather derivatives with marketing programs and financial management can produce attractive new services and increase efficiency. Weather derivatives can be used to create innovative consumer services, such as a guaranteed annual energy bill which is unaffected by weather and energy price changes. They can also be used to protect the earnings of energy suppliers from one of their most significant financial risks, unpredictable weather. There are three basic types of weather derivatives available today. Option or insurance based derivatives (options), swaps or hedge based derivatives (swaps) and packages where other services are combined with one or both of the above.
Real Clifford Algebra Cl{sub n,0}, n = 2, 3(mod 4) Wavelet Transform
Hitzer, Eckhard [Department of Applied Physics, University of Fukui, 910-8507 (Japan)
2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
We show how for n = 2, 3(mod 4) continuous Clifford (geometric) algebra (GA)Cl{sub n}-valued admissible wavelets can be constructed using the similitude group SIM(n). We strictly aim for real geometric interpretation, and replace the imaginary unit i is an element of C therefore with a GA blade squaring to -1. Consequences due to non-commutativity arise. We express the admissibility condition in terms of a Cl{sub n} Clifford Fourier Transform and then derive a set of important properties such as dilation, translation and rotation covariance, a reproducing kernel, and show how to invert the Clifford wavelet transform. As an example, we introduce Clifford Gabor wavelets. We further invent a generalized Clifford wavelet uncertainty principle.
Real time speech formant analyzer and display
Holland, George E. (Ames, IA); Struve, Walter S. (Ames, IA); Homer, John F. (Ames, IA)
1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A speech analyzer for interpretation of sound includes a sound input which converts the sound into a signal representing the sound. The signal is passed through a plurality of frequency pass filters to derive a plurality of frequency formants. These formants are converted to voltage signals by frequency-to-voltage converters and then are prepared for visual display in continuous real time. Parameters from the inputted sound are also derived and displayed. The display may then be interpreted by the user. The preferred embodiment includes a microprocessor which is interfaced with a television set for displaying of the sound formants. The microprocessor software enables the sound analyzer to present a variety of display modes for interpretive and therapeutic used by the user.
Real time speech formant analyzer and display
Holland, G.E.; Struve, W.S.; Homer, J.F.
1987-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
A speech analyzer for interpretation of sound includes a sound input which converts the sound into a signal representing the sound. The signal is passed through a plurality of frequency pass filters to derive a plurality of frequency formants. These formants are converted to voltage signals by frequency-to-voltage converters and then are prepared for visual display in continuous real time. Parameters from the inputted sound are also derived and displayed. The display may then be interpreted by the user. The preferred embodiment includes a microprocessor which is interfaced with a television set for displaying of the sound formants. The microprocessor software enables the sound analyzer to present a variety of display modes for interpretive and therapeutic used by the user. 19 figs.
Resources, real options, and corporate strategy
Bernardo, Antonio; Chowdhry, Bhagwan
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
211–234 Resources, real options, and corporate strategy $D83; G30; G31 Keywords: Real options; Valuation; Corporateparticipants at the Real Options Conference at Northwestern
Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic
Kent, University of
Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic Justin Pearson Department Processes (CSP) [Hoa85] and a version of Propositional Temporal Logic (PTL), derived from [Eme90]. CSP. The behaviour of a CSP process is dependent on its environment; it is therefore difficult to assert global
Beanblossom, Floyd Z.; Clyatt, Gwendolyne
1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
does nc ggs detc ssible. )t affect ariorate Buy Wisely the food value of eggs. rapidly. Use them as Left over yolks or whites can be held in the refrigerator for a short time. Cover yolks with cold water; use within 2 or 3 days. Place. egg...
Deriving Security Requirements from Crosscutting Threat Descriptions
Haley, Charles B.
Deriving Security Requirements from Crosscutting Threat Descriptions Charles B. Haley, Robin C representing threats as crosscutting concerns aids in determining the effect of security requirements on the functional requirements. Assets (objects that have value in a system) are first enumerated, and then threats
PV Value® | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
real estate appraisers, realtors, homeowners, commercial building owners, home builders, solar installers, green raters, insurance companies, and mortgage lenders in all 50 states...
Towards Real Time Optimal Auto-tuning of PID Controllers
Hill, Aaron Jamison
2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
)) The degree of the polynomial P (s) DSP Digital Signal Processor card(X) The cardinality of the set X kp The proportional gain value of a PID controller ki The integral gain value of a PID controller kd The derivative gain value of a PID controller Kp... The interval of kp values Ki The interval of ki values Kd The interval of kd values ?x? The L2 vector norm of x ?A? The matrix norm of A ?F,G? The inner product of F and G OLHP The open left half plane ORHP The open right half plane LTI Linear Time Invariant vi...
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Coquelicot: A User-Friendly Library of Real Analysis for Coq Sylvie Boldo, Catherine Lelay of theorems on real analysis. Unfortunately, this standard library is lacking some widely used results of integrals and derivatives are based on dependent types, which make them especially cumbersome to use
Combustion Simulation Databases for Real Transportation Fuels: A New Community Collaboration
Magee, Joseph W.
Combustion Simulation Databases for Real Transportation Fuels: A New Community Collaboration T. C, and health benefits that could be derived from improved combustion processes are enormous and well recognized on Combustion Simulation Databases for Real Transportation Fuels to assess needs and opportunities to translate
Gardner, Christopher
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A statistical description and model of individual healthcare expenditures in the US has been developed for measuring value in healthcare. We find evidence that healthcare expenditures are quantifiable as an infusion-diffusion process, which can be thought of intuitively as a steady change in the intensity of treatment superimposed on a random process reflecting variations in the efficiency and effectiveness of treatment. The arithmetic mean represents the net average annual cost of healthcare; and when multiplied by the arithmetic standard deviation, which represents the effective risk, the result is a measure of healthcare cost control. Policymakers, providers, payors, or patients that decrease these parameters are generating value in healthcare. The model has an average absolute prediction error of approximately 10-12% across the range of expenditures which spans 6 orders of magnitude over a nearly 10-year period. For the top 1% of the population with the largest expenditures, representing 20%-30% of total ...
2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z
Department of Mathematics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA ..... Since g(a)=0,g(b) = m(A), by the Intermediate Value Theorem of continuous functions, ...... (Tx a f + f(x)), h(x) = 1. 2. (Tx a f ? f(x)). It is easy to verify that both g and h are
Definitions Derived from Neutrosophics
Florentin Smarandache
2003-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Thirty-three new definitions are presented, derived from neutrosophic set, neutrosophic probability, neutrosophic statistics, and neutrosophic logic. Each one is independent, short, with references and cross references like in a dictionary style.
Lin, Shaowei
2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
The enactment of derivative action was expected to be actively used by shareholders to protect their interests. In fact, it turned out that this reform effort seemed futile as the right to engage in such actions was ...
Rüther, Henrique
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The amounts outstanding of credit derivatives have grown exponentially over the past years, and these financial intruments that allow market participants to trade credit risk have become very popular in Europe and in the ...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville Power AdministrationHawaiiEnergyFloridaOutlook MaryVehiclesConfinedHUGSNovember AdvisoryPage 1Values
EARNED VALUE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 of Thomas P.Oil, and Gas SectorsDepartment ofDraftDraftDepartment12-CPrograms - MarchEARNED VALUE
Incorporating Seasonality into Search Suggestions Derived from Intranet Query Logs
Kruschwitz, Udo
Incorporating Seasonality into Search Suggestions Derived from Intranet Query Logs Stephen Dignum performed on query logs collected for major Web search engines, query log analysis to enhance search search engine can be enhanced by adapting the search system to real users' search behaviour through
Hyperbolic Real Quadratic Cellular Automata J. Delgado1
are hyperbolic for large values of the parameter. Keywords. Hyperbolicity. -limit set. Lattice Dynamical Systems systems generated by a group of spatial translations : M M, x = {x} (x) = {x }, that is ((x)) = x , #12. In [11] real cellular automata appear to describe bifurcations of coupled logistic map together a linear
SHORT-TERM GENERATION ASSET VALUATION: A REAL OPTIONS APPROACH
Tseng, Chung-Li
using real options to value power plants with unit commitment constraints over a short-term period. We, that a certain lead time for commitment and decommitment decisions is necessary to start up and shut down a unit tackled this power plant valuation problem using financial options theory has overlooked the plant's unit-commitment
Creating Value Wood Products Industry
1 Creating Value for the Wood Products Industry Creating Value for the Wood Products Industry for the Wood Products Industry The forest industry contributes more than 50 percent of the total value of all assistance to the primary and value-added processing wood products industries in Louisiana. Since its
Derived Azumaya algebras and generators for twisted derived categories
Toen, Bertrand
implies the existence of a global compact generator. We present explicit examples of derived Azumaya
Value and Technology Assessment to Enhance the Business Case for the CERTS Microgrid
Lasseter, Robert
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to a larger value. Energy Storage and Grid Real Power Outputthe energy storage element, and a grid connection toEnergy storage unit can help also decoupled loads and renewable fluctuation within a microgrid from the grid.
Filonov, Vitaly
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
. Farm with a broadly diversified production program don’t value weather derivatives as much as highly specialized operations do (Berg and Schmitz, 2007). ? Inconsistency in practice of weather derivatives valuation methods, which doesn’t allow...
Pushing schedule derivation method
Henriquez, B. [Compania Siderurgica Huachipato S.A., Talcahuano (Chile)
1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
The development of a Pushing Schedule Derivation Method has allowed the company to sustain the maximum production rate at CSH`s Coke Oven Battery, in spite of having single set oven machinery with a high failure index as well as a heat top tendency. The stated method provides for scheduled downtime of up to two hours for machinery maintenance purposes, periods of empty ovens for decarbonization and production loss recovery capability, while observing lower limits and uniformity of coking time.
Real option analysis as a decision tool in oil field developments
Babajide, Abisoye (Abisoye E.)
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis shows the applicability and value of real options analysis in developing an oil field, and how its use along with decision analysis can maximize the returns on a given project and minimize the losses. It focuses ...
Carbon dioxide capture from coal-fired power plants : a real potions analysis
Sekar, Ram Chandra
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Investments in three coal-fired power generation technologies are valued using the "real options" valuation methodology in an uncertain carbon dioxide (CO2) price environment. The technologies evaluated are pulverized coal ...
Part 205, Chapter 12 USGS DELEGATIONS OF REAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY
MB) Circular A-45, Rental and Construction of Government Quarters http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars/index with no commercial value, or real property for which the estimated cost of continued care and handling would exceed
Managing a portfolio of real options : sequential exploration of dependent prospects
Smith, James L.
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the impact of sequential investment and active management on the value of a portfolio of real options. The options are assumed to be interdependent, in that exercise of any one is assumed to produce, in addition ...
Measurement function paces move to real-time pipe line
Leitschuh, R.C. Jr. (Tenneco Gas, Houston, TX (United States))
1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
As progressive companies confront today's demanding competitive environment, trends are developing in the quest for the ideal pipe line operating system. Common among strategies is the concept of real time'' operations. Real time must be built and it will be defined by its weakest link. Ideally, real time should be a condition where any authorized person can access the system and obtain information that is current at any time. Real time necessitates that data are not just generated or collected on a continuous basis but are given added value and processed continuously and instantaneously. Ultimately, real time implies that queried information is accurate and can be used without correction or alteration. Generally, measurement hardware can be divided into three groups: Transmitters to acquire the dynamic variables of pressures and temperatures; Gas property determination equipment such as chromatographs, calorimeters and gravitometers for gas composition variables; Flow computers for processing and adding value to data. This paper discusses these components along with software systems, measurement methods, correction methods and cost benefit.
Solar Real-Time Pricing: Is Real-Time Electricity Pricing Beneficial...
Information Resources Solar Real-Time Pricing: Is Real-Time Electricity Pricing Beneficial to Solar PV in New York City? Solar Real-Time Pricing: Is Real-Time Electricity...
Derivation of Accident-Specific Material-at-Risk Equivalency Factors
Jason P. Andrus; Dr. Chad L. Pope
2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
A novel method for calculating material at risk (MAR) dose equivalency developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) now allows for increased utilization of dose equivalency for facility MAR control. This method involves near-real time accounting for the use of accident and material specific release and transport. It utilizes all information from the committed effective dose equation and the five factor source term equation to derive dose equivalency factors which can be used to establish an overall facility or process MAR limit. The equivalency factors allow different nuclide spectrums to be compared for their respective dose consequences by relating them to a specific quantity of an identified reference nuclide. The ability to compare spectrums to a reference limit ensures that MAR limits are in fact bounding instead of attempting to establish a representative or bounding spectrum which may lead to unintended or unanalyzed configurations. This methodology is then coupled with a near real time material tracking system which allows for accurate and timely material composition information and corresponding MAR equivalency values. The development of this approach was driven by the complex nature of processing operations in some INL facilities. This type of approach is ideally suited for facilities and processes where the composition of the MAR and possible release mechanisms change frequently but in well defined fashions and in a batch-type nature.
Arnold Schwarzenegger REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY
Energy Research (PIER) California Energy Commission Beth Chambers Contract Manager Jamie Patterson (VSA) prototype to monitor system voltage conditions and provide real time dispatchers with reliabilityArnold Schwarzenegger Governor REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT California ISO Real
Revenue Management: A Real Options Approach
Marcotte, Patrice
Revenue Management: A Real Options Approach C.K. Anderson Richard Ivey School of Business 13, 2004 Subject Classification: Operations Management. Finance -securities and real options. Industries: transportation - car rentals and airlines. 1 #12;Revenue Management: A Real Options Approach
Patents and R& D as Real Options
Schwartz, Eduardo S.
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Information Technology as Real Options, UCLA Working Paper.Patents and R&D as Real Options* September 2001 RevisedPatents and R&D as Real Options Abstract This article
A real options approach to criminal careers
Aguiar de Oliveira, Cristiano
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
J. (2004) Criminal behavior: A real option approach with anTrigeorgis, L. (1996) Real Options. Cambridge: MIT Press.A real options approach to criminal careers Cristiano Aguiar
Derived Concentration Technical Standard
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
2011-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
This standard supports the implementation of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 458.1, Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment. It also establishes the numerical values of DCSs in a manner reflecting the current state of knowledge and practice in radiation protection
Bernhardt, Peter, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Plant alkaloid biosynthesis produces many natural products with medicinal value. For example, vinblastine and vincristine from Catharanthus roseus monoterpene indole alkaloid biosynthesis, and camptothecin derivatives from ...
The Value of Emissions Trading
Webster, Mort David.
This paper estimates the value of international emissions trading, focusing attention on a here-to-fore neglected component: its value as a hedge against uncertainty. Much analysis has been done of the Kyoto Protocol and ...
Beyond “Asian Values”: Rethinking Rights
Tew, Yvonne
Kuan Yew viewed universal human rights as an alien imposition from the West, reflecting specific Western values, and argued for an approach based on “Asian values” instead. I am sceptical about cultural relativism for at least three reasons...
Factors Affecting Option Premium Values
Johnson, Jason; Smith, Jackie; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Waller, Mark L.
1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
Many factors affect option premium values. This publication list these factors and gives brief explanations of them.
Value stream mapping and earned value management : two perspectives on value in product development
Whitaker, Ryan Brent
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The concepts of value and value stream are crucial to the philosophy of Lean, and a better understanding of how these concepts relate to product development (PD) is essential for the creation of a Lean PD strategy. This ...
Unconventional fuel: Tire derived fuel
Hope, M.W. [Waste Recovery, Inc., Portland, OR (United States)
1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Material recovery of scrap tires for their fuel value has moved from a pioneering concept in the early 1980`s to a proven and continuous use in the United States` pulp and paper, utility, industrial, and cement industry. Pulp and paper`s use of tire derived fuel (TDF) is currently consuming tires at the rate of 35 million passenger tire equivalents (PTEs) per year. Twenty mills are known to be burning TDF on a continuous basis. The utility industry is currently consuming tires at the rate of 48 million PTEs per year. Thirteen utilities are known to be burning TDF on a continuous basis. The cement industry is currently consuming tires at the rate of 28 million PTEs per year. Twenty two cement plants are known to be burning TDF on a continuous basis. Other industrial boilers are currently consuming tires at the rate of 6.5 million PTEs per year. Four industrial boilers are known to be burning TDF on a continuous basis. In total, 59 facilities are currently burning over 117 million PTEs per year. Although 93% of these facilities were not engineered to burn TDF, it has become clear that TDF has found acceptance as a supplemental fuel when blending with conventional fuels in existing combustion devices designed for normal operating conditions. The issues of TDF as a supplemental fuel and its proper specifications are critical to the successful development of this fuel alternative. This paper will focus primarily on TDF`s use in a boiler type unit.
New supersymmetry-generated complex potentials with real spectra
Oscar Rosas-Ortiz; Octavio Castanos; Dieter Schuch
2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
A new form to construct complex superpotentials that produce real energy spectra in supersymmetric quantum mechanics is presented. This is based on the relation between the nonlinear Ermakov equation and a second order differential equation of the Schrodinger type. The superpotentials so constructed are characterized by the Ermakov parameters in such a way that they are always complex-valued. As applications we construct new supersymmetric partners of the free particle potential that include complex periodic PT-symmetric potentials as well as complex regular PT-symmetric potentials of the Poschl-Teller form. We also construct new complex oscillators with real frequencies that have the energies of the harmonic oscillator plus an additional real eigenvalue.
Computing Real Roots of Real Polynomials Michael Sagraloff
algebra with numerous applications in mathematics, engineering, computer science, and the natural sciences's method is that it is quite involved1 and that all roots have to be computed at the same time. For the important special case, where only the real roots have to be computed, much simpler methods are used
Real Property and Asset Management
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z
The directive establishes an integrated corporate-level, performance based approach to the life-cycle management of our real property assets. It links real property asset planning, programming, budgeting and evaluation to the Department's multi-faceted missions. Successful implementation of this order will enable the Department to carry out stewardship responsibilities, and will ensure that facilities and infrastructure are properly sized and in a condition to meet our mission requirements today and in the future. Cancels DOE O 430.1A Chg1.
The Structure and Value of Modularity in Software Design Kevin Sullivan, Yuanfang Cai, Ben Hallen
Huang, Wei
The Structure and Value of Modularity in Software Design Kevin Sullivan, Yuanfang Cai, Ben Hallen design. The theory uses design structure matrices to model designs and real options techniques to value in its terms--Parnas's KWIC--and evaluate the results. We contribute an extension to design structure
The Structure and Value of Modularity in Software Design Kevin J. Sullivan
Weimer, Westley
The Structure and Value of Modularity in Software Design Kevin J. Sullivan University of Virginia uses design structure matrices to model designs and real options techniques to value them. To test an extension to design structure matrices, and we show that the options results are consistent with Parnas
THE ALGEBRAIC CONSTRUCTION OF THE NOVIKOV COMPLEX OF A CIRCLE-VALUED MORSE FUNCTION
Ranicki, Andrew
2001-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
The Novikov complex of a circle-valued Morse function f : M ! S is constructed algebraically from the Morse-Smale complex of the restriction of the real-valued Morse function f : M ! R to a fundamental domain of the ...
ccsd-00016701,version2-3May2006 Generalised extreme value statistics and sum of
Boyer, Edmond
random variables with a sum distributed according to one of the three (k-dependent) asymptotic distributions of extreme value statistics, namely the Gumbel, Fr´echet and Weibull distributions. These classes, as well as the limit distributions, are naturally extended to real values of k, thus providing a clear
Earned Value Management System (EVMS)
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
This Guide provides approaches for implementing the Earned Value Management System (EVMS) requirements of DOE O 413.3B. Cancels DOE G 413.3-10.
Mills, Evan
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Market Trends in The U.S. ESCO Industry: Results from theWater Management: From ESCO to “Energy Services Partner” 1energy service company (ESCO) business model could become
Generalised Computability of Operators and RealValued Functionals with Application to
Korovina, Margarita
of hybrid systems, which trajectories are computable in the sense of computable analysis. 1 Introduction of digital and analog devices interacting at discrete times. An important characteristic of hybrid systems controlled by programs. These programs are designed to select, control, and supervise the behaviour
Mills, Evan
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
can save $160/year in water and energy bills compared towith water or combined water- and-energy ones. Figure 2.Packages for Water and Energy Energy-only Water & Energy
Guo, Zaoyang
's Mother(s) of God: One Strainer with two paintings found in the Convent of Mar Sassine in Lebanon Kerstin
Not Available
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) have launched the free, web-based Transportation Secure Data Center (TSDC). The TSDC (www.nrel.gov/tsdc) preserves respondent anonymity while making vital transportation data available to a broad group of users through secure, online access. The TSDC database provides free-of-charge web-based access to valuable transportation data that can be used for: Location and time-of-day variable tolling research, Mileage-based fee analysis, Travel demand modeling and transit planning, Congestion mitigation research, and Validating transportation data from other sources. The TSDC's two levels of access make composite data available with simple online registration, and allow researchers to use detailed spatial data after completing a straight forward application process.
Capitalization of energy efficient features into home values in the Austin, Texas real estate market
Amado, Antonio R
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Volatile and rising energy prices have made consumers aware of their opportunity costs for energy. Information on the cost-savings of energy efficient features in homes has not been well researched to date and is an option ...
Gregor, Jeffrey Allen
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The United States Navy is facing a need for a novel surface combatant capability. This new system of ships must be deigned to meet the uncertainty associated with constantly changing required mission capabilities, threats, ...
Raman Lidar Profiles–Temperature (RLPROFTEMP) Value-Added Product
Newsom, RK; Sivaraman, C; McFarlane, SA
2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this document is to describe the Raman Lidar Profiles–Temperature (RLPROFTEMP) value-added product (VAP) and the procedures used to derive atmospheric temperature profiles from the raw RL measurements. Sections 2 and 4 describe the input and output variables, respectively. Section 3 discusses the theory behind the measurement and the details of the algorithm, including calibration and overlap correction.
Temporal Specifications with Accumulative Values
Boker, Udi
Temporal Specifications with Accumulative Values Udi Boker, Krishnendu Chatterjee, Thomas A the accumulation of values along a computation. It is either the accumulated summation, as with the energy objectives, or the accumulated average, as with the mean-payoff objectives. We investigate the extension
Leung, Keith Chin-Kee
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis introduces probabilistic valuation techniques and encourages their usage in the real estate industry. Including uncertainty and real options into real estate financial models is worthwhile, especially when there ...
Hengels, Adam (Adam P.)
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Real Options analysis has only begun to be recognized as way to evaluate real estate and is considered "beyond the cutting edge" of financial analysis. Several academic papers have looked at ways that real estate can be ...
Analysis of value creation and value capture in microfluidics market
Yadav, Shailendra
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Advances in microfluidics in the last two decade have created a tremendous technological value which is shaping genomics; drug discovery; proteomics; and point-of-care diagnostics. The positive impact has resulted in faster ...
Intake retention functions and derived investigation levels for selected radioelements
Buitron Sanchez, Susana
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
, Sr. (Chair of Committee) Milton . McLain (Member) Wesl E. Bolch (Member) Dan ightower (Member) ohn W. oston, Sr (Department Head) August 1990 ABSTRACT Intake Retention Functions and Derived Investigation Levels for Selected Radioelements... for radionuclide exposure control. Here, both routes of entry into the body are considered, i. e. , inhalation and ingestion, and ALI values are tabulated for both. 2. Introduction of the term Derived Air Concentration (DAC) instead of the term (MPC)a to prevent...
Is Imaginary Starobinsky Model Real?
Renata Kallosh; Andrei Linde; Bert Vercnocke; Wissam Chemissany
2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the recently proposed possibility of chaotic inflation with respect to the imaginary part of the field T in a supersymmetric embedding of the Starobinsky model. We show that the stage of rapid expansion driven by Im T in this model ends almost instantly, and the subsequent stages of inflation are driven by the real part of the field T, as in the standard Starobinsky model. Thus, the Starobinsky model and its supersymmetric generalizations remain disfavored by the recent BICEP2 data.
Chiral and real N=2 supersymmetric ?-conformal Galilei algebras
Aizawa, N. [Department of Mathematics and Information Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, Nakamozu Campus, Sakai, Osaka 599-8351 (Japan)] [Department of Mathematics and Information Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, Nakamozu Campus, Sakai, Osaka 599-8351 (Japan); Kuznetsova, Z. [UFABC, Rua Santa Adélia 166, Bangu, cep 09210-170, Santo André, SP (Brazil)] [UFABC, Rua Santa Adélia 166, Bangu, cep 09210-170, Santo André, SP (Brazil); Toppan, F. [CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, cep 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)] [CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, cep 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)
2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
Inequivalent N=2 supersymmetrizations of the ?-conformal Galilei algebra in d-spatial dimensions are constructed from the chiral (2, 2) and the real (1, 2, 1) basic supermultiplets of the N=2 supersymmetry. For non-negative integer and half-integer ?, both superalgebras admit a consistent truncation with a (different) finite number of generators. The real N=2 case coincides with the superalgebra introduced by Masterov, while the chiral N=2 case is a new superalgebra. We present D-module representations of both superalgebras. Then we investigate the new superalgebra derived from the chiral supermultiplet. It is shown that it admits two types of central extensions, one is found for any d and half-integer ?, and the other only for d= 2 and integer ?. For each central extension, the centrally extended ?-superconformal Galilei algebra is realized in terms of its super-Heisenberg subalgebra generators.
Values and the quantum conception of man
Stapp, H.P.
1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Classical mechanics is based upon a mechanical picture of nature that is fundamentally incorrect. It has been replaced at the basic level by a radically different theory: quantum mechanics. This change entails an enormous shift in one`s basic conception of nature, one that can profoundly alter the scientific image of man himself. Self-image is the foundation of values, and the replacement of the mechanistic self-image derived from classical mechanics by one concordant with quantum mechanics may provide the foundation of a moral order better suited to today`s times, a self-image that endows human life with meaning, responsibility, and a deeper linkage to nature as a whole.
Factors Affecting Option Premium Values
Johnson, Jason; Smith, Jackie; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Waller, Mark L.
1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
Factors Affecting Option Premium Values Jason Johnson, Jackie Smith, Kevin Dhuyvetter and Mark Waller* Put Options Hedging in the futures market with options is much like buying an insurance policy to protect commodity sellers against declining...
Earned Value Management System (EVMS)
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
The Guide supports the Departments initiatives to improve program, project, and contract management through the implementation and surveillance of contractors earned value management systems. Canceled by DOE G 413.3-10A.
Infusing Real World Experiences into ENGINEERING
Napier, Terrence
Infusing Real World Experiences into ENGINEERING EDUCATION #12;This project is a collaboration with the authors and NAE. #12;Infusing Real World Experiences into Engineering Education 2012 #12;2 Preface The aim
Nonlinear and Complex Dynamics in Real Systems
Barnett, William A.; Serletis, Apostolos; Serletis, Demitre
2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we provide a review of the literature with respect to fluctuations in real systems and chaos. In doing so, we contrast the order and organization hypothesis of real systems to nonlinear chaotic dynamics and discuss some techniques...
Myrinet Real Time Protocol with flexible routing
Kini, Savita
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Real Time communication relies on resource reservation ics. along the path of the connection for performance guarantees, typically in terms of bounded delays. A fully distributed admission control scheme for resource allocation in real...
Real-Time Active Cosmic Neutron Background Reduction Methods
Mukhopadhyay, Sanjoy; Maurer, Richard; Wolff, Ronald; Mitchell, Stephen; Guss, Paul
2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Neutron counting using large arrays of pressurized 3He proportional counters from an aerial system or in a maritime environment suffers from the background counts from the primary cosmic neutrons and secondary neutrons caused by cosmic ray?induced mechanisms like spallation and charge-exchange reaction. This paper reports the work performed at the Remote Sensing Laboratory–Andrews (RSL-A) and results obtained when using two different methods to reduce the cosmic neutron background in real time. Both methods used shielding materials with a high concentration (up to 30% by weight) of neutron-absorbing materials, such as natural boron, to remove the low-energy neutron flux from the cosmic background as the first step of the background reduction process. Our first method was to design, prototype, and test an up-looking plastic scintillator (BC-400, manufactured by Saint Gobain Corporation) to tag the cosmic neutrons and then create a logic pulse of a fixed time duration (~120 ?s) to block the data taken by the neutron counter (pressurized 3He tubes running in a proportional counter mode). The second method examined the time correlation between the arrival of two successive neutron signals to the counting array and calculated the excess of variance (Feynman variance Y2F)1 in the neutron count distribution from Poisson distribution. The dilution of this variance from cosmic background values ideally would signal the presence of man-made neutrons.2 The first method has been technically successful in tagging the neutrons in the cosmic-ray flux and preventing them from being counted in the 3He tube array by electronic veto—field measurement work shows the efficiency of the electronic veto counter to be about 87%. The second method has successfully derived an empirical relationship between the percentile non-cosmic component in a neutron flux and the Y2F of the measured neutron count distribution. By using shielding materials alone, approximately 55% of the neutron flux from man-made sources like 252Cf or Am-Be was removed.
Is Sustainability Attractive for Corporate Real Estate
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Is Sustainability Attractive for Corporate Real Estate Decisions ? Research Center ESSEC Working Is Sustainability Attractive for Corporate Real Estate Decisions? Ingrid Nappi-Choulet Professor ESSEC BUSINESS SCHOOL Real Estate and Sustainable Development Chair nappi@essec.fr Aurélien Décamps Researcher ESSEC
A TUTORIAL ON PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS Derivation, Discussion and Singular Value Decomposition
Fiete, Ila
provides a roadmap for how to reduce a complex data set to a lower dimension to reveal the sometimes hidden
Catalytic Conversion of Biomass-derived Feedstock (HMF) into Value Added
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41cloth Documentation DataDepartment of EnergyOn-Farm1 of 62.1Energy,Busy Y-128R&DChemicals and Biofuels - Energy
Gilli, Adrian
conversion rate (Ym; Tier 2 method), describing the percentage of gross feed energy lost as CH4. The IPCC the highest CH4 conversion rate (Ym 7.9%). Negligible amounts of CH4 were emitted from slurries stored at low enrichment factors eCO2-CH4 for maize (33.2) and hay (35.9). Compared with the Intergovernmental Panel
Biswanath Rath
2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
For the first time in the literature of Quantum Physics, we present complex energy eigenvalues of non-Hermitian Harmonic Oscillator $H=\\frac{(p+iLx)}^{2}}{2} + W^{2} \\frac{x^{2}}{2}$ with real wave function having positive frequency of vibration $(w)$ under some selective choice of $L$ and $W$ .Interestingly for the same values of $L$ and $W$, if the frequency of vibration $w$ in the real wave function is (some how) related as $w=L\\pmW$ or $w=W-L$ then the same oscillator can reflect either pure positive or negative energy eigenvalues.The real energy levels are in conformity with the perturbative calculation. PACS :03.65.Db;11.39.Er. Key words: Positive frequency, real wave function, complex energy, real positive energy,negative energy.
Buzarde, Charles Brett
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Well No-Flow Boundary Image Well Figure 2. 2 Real Well and Image Well Pressure Drwadown Patterns After an Extended Flow Period. Real well ~ L rw I m age w e I 1 L ~ rw Figure 2. 3 Single Linear No-flow Barrier Image Well Configuration 22 Apr.... 1 At early times the value of tD will be large while our value of tDL will be small (because rw2 ?L2) Therefore at early times the exponent terms in Eq. 3. 1 have the following values -I p(4t ) -I and exp( ? ) ~ 0 tDL This is the middle time...
Real time infrared aerosol analyzer
Johnson, Stanley A. (Countryside, IL); Reedy, Gerald T. (Bourbonnais, IL); Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL)
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Apparatus for analyzing aerosols in essentially real time includes a virtual impactor which separates coarse particles from fine and ultrafine particles in an aerosol sample. The coarse and ultrafine particles are captured in PTFE filters, and the fine particles impact onto an internal light reflection element. The composition and quantity of the particles on the PTFE filter and on the internal reflection element are measured by alternately passing infrared light through the filter and the internal light reflection element, and analyzing the light through infrared spectrophotometry to identify the particles in the sample.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey Inside the Presentations Patents Frontiers inRaymond Murphy RaymondArgonneReal EstateVisitors
Valuation of Information Technology Investments as Real Options
Schwartz, Eduardo S.; Zozaya-Gorostiza, Carlos
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1999) A Case for Using Real Options Pricing Analysis toExpansion Using Real Options Analysis. MIS Quarterly. Vol.Investment Opportunities as Real Options: Getting Started on
Real-time Evolution of an Embedded Controller for an Autonomous Helicopter
Hopgood, Adrian
Real-time Evolution of an Embedded Controller for an Autonomous Helicopter Benjamin N. Passow, nonlinear, and very sensitive to external disturbances [5] is a helicopter. Generally, six degrees, integral, and derivative (PID) control methods [6] which are suitable for efficient control of a helicopter
Lyapunov functions for periodic matrix-valued Jacobi operators
Evgeny Korotyaev; Anton Kutsenko
2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
We consider periodic matrix-valued Jacobi operators. The spectrum of this operator is absolutely continuous and consists of intervals separated by gaps. We define the Lyapunov function, which is analytic on an associated Riemann surface. On each sheet the Lyapunov function has the standard properties of the Lyapunov function for the scalar case. We show that this function has (real or complex) branch points, which we call resonances. We prove that there exist two types of gaps: i) stable gaps, i.e., the endpoints are periodic and anti-periodic eigenvalues, ii) unstable (resonance) gaps, i.e., the endpoints are resonances (real branch points). We show that some spectral data determine the spectrum (counting multiplicity) of the Jacobi operator.
Real-time POD-CFD Wind-Load Calculator for PV Systems
Huayamave, Victor [Centecorp; Divo, Eduardo [Centecorp; Ceballos, Andres [Centecorp; Barriento, Carolina [Centecorp; Stephen, Barkaszi [FSEC; Hubert, Seigneur [FSEC
2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
The primary objective of this project is to create an accurate web-based real-time wind-load calculator. This is of paramount importance for (1) the rapid and accurate assessments of the uplift and downforce loads on a PV mounting system, (2) identifying viable solutions from available mounting systems, and therefore helping reduce the cost of mounting hardware and installation. Wind loading calculations for structures are currently performed according to the American Society of Civil Engineers/ Structural Engineering Institute Standard ASCE/SEI 7; the values in this standard were calculated from simplified models that do not necessarily take into account relevant characteristics such as those from full 3D effects, end effects, turbulence generation and dissipation, as well as minor effects derived from shear forces on installation brackets and other accessories. This standard does not include provisions that address the special requirements of rooftop PV systems, and attempts to apply this standard may lead to significant design errors as wind loads are incorrectly estimated. Therefore, an accurate calculator would be of paramount importance for the preliminary assessments of the uplift and downforce loads on a PV mounting system, identifying viable solutions from available mounting systems, and therefore helping reduce the cost of the mounting system and installation. The challenge is that although a full-fledged three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis would properly and accurately capture the complete physical effects of air flow over PV systems, it would be impractical for this tool, which is intended to be a real-time web-based calculator. CFD routinely requires enormous computation times to arrive at solutions that can be deemed accurate and grid-independent even in powerful and massively parallel computer platforms. This work is expected not only to accelerate solar deployment nationwide, but also help reach the SunShot Initiative goals of reducing the total installed cost of solar energy systems by 75%. The largest percentage of the total installed cost of solar energy system is associated with balance of system cost, with up to 40% going to “soft” costs; which include customer acquisition, financing, contracting, permitting, interconnection, inspection, installation, performance, operations, and maintenance. The calculator that is being developed will provide wind loads in real-time for any solar system designs and suggest the proper installation configuration and hardware; and therefore, it is anticipated to reduce system design, installation and permitting costs.
Dhamankar, Himanshu Hemant
The dwindling nature of petroleum and other fossil reserves has provided impetus towards microbial synthesis of fuels and value added chemicals from biomass-derived sugars as a renewable resource. Microbes have naturally ...
Slater, Paul B
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the moments of probability distributions generated by certain determinantal functions of generic two-qubit density matrices (rho) with real entries over the associated nine-dimensional convex domain, assigned Hilbert-Schmidt measure. It is found that the mean of the (nonnegative) determinant |rho| is 1/2288, the mean of the determinant of the partial transpose |rho^{PT}|--negative values indicating entanglement--is -1/858, while the mean of the product of these two determinants is zero. We ascertain the exact values--also rational numbers--of the succeeding eight moments of |rho^{PT}|. At intermediate steps in the derivation of the m-th moment, rational functions C_{2 j}(m) emerge, yielding the coefficients of the 2j-th power of even polynomials of total degree 4 m. These functions possess poles at finite series of consecutive half-integers, and certain (trivial) roots at finite series of consecutive natural numbers. The (nontrivial) dominant roots of C_{2 j}(m) appear to converge to the same half-in...
Higher-derivative Schwinger model
Amaral, R.L.P.G.; Belvedere, L.V.; Lemos, N.A. (Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro de Sao Joao Batista s/n, 24020 Centro, Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)); Natividade, C.P. (Departamento de Matematica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Campus de Guaratingueta, 12500 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil))
1993-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Using the operator formalism, we obtain the bosonic representation for the free fermion field satisfying an equation of motion with higher-order derivatives. Then, we consider the operator solution of a generalized Schwinger model with higher-derivative coupling. Since the increasing of the derivative order implies the introduction of an equivalent number of extra fermionic degrees of freedom, the mass acquired by the gauge field is bigger than the one for the standard two-dimensional QED. An analysis of the problem from the functional integration point of view corroborates the findings of canonical quantization, and corrects certain results previously announced in the literature on the basis of Fujikawa's technique.
Adding Value to Agricultural Products
Anderson, David P.; Hanselka, Daniel
2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
and some of the viscera into menudo or tripas. Booker Packing Company, Caviness Packing Company and J&B Foods are some of the compa- nies adding value to meat successfully in spite of processing costs. A recent survey of such companies indicated...
TOWARDS ESTIMATING TOTAL ECONOMIC VALUE
Bateman, Ian J.
TOWARDS ESTIMATING TOTAL ECONOMIC VALUE OF FORESTS IN MEXICO by Neil Adger Katrina Brown Raffaello OF FORESTS IN MEXICO by Neil Adger Katrina Brown Raffaello Cervigni Dominic Moran Centre for Social and SEDESOL for their assistance whilst in Mexico, and David Pearce and Kerry Turner for comments on earlier
Operations Research: The Value Proposition
Brock, David
Operations Research: The Value Proposition QuickTimeTM and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor from MIT http://www.photo.net/photo/ pcd4229/boston-skyline-6.4.jpg #12;Operations Research, co · STATE OF THE PROFESSION. How INFORMS is emphasizing this aspect of Operations Research (OR), using
High-Performance Buildings – Value, Messaging, Financial and Policy Mechanisms
McCabe, Molly
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
At the request of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, an in-depth analysis of the rapidly evolving state of real estate investments, high-performance building technology, and interest in efficiency was conducted by HaydenTanner, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Technologies Program. The analysis objectives were • to evaluate the link between high-performance buildings and their market value • to identify core messaging to motivate owners, investors, financiers, and others in the real estate sector to appropriately value and deploy high-performance strategies and technologies across new and existing buildings • to summarize financial mechanisms that facilitate increased investment in these buildings. To meet these objectives, work consisted of a literature review of relevant writings, examination of existing and emergent financial and policy mechanisms, interviews with industry stakeholders, and an evaluation of the value implications through financial modeling. This report documents the analysis methodology and findings, conclusion and recommendations. Its intent is to support and inform the DOE Building Technologies Program on policy and program planning for the financing of high-performance new buildings and building retrofit projects.
Scholarly Communication: Academic Values and Sustainable Models
King, C. Judson; Harley, Diane; Earl-Novell, Sarah; Arter, Jennifer; Lawrence, Shannon; Perciali, Irene
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Technology and Scholarly Communication. Berkeley: UniversitySCHOLARLY COMMUNICATION: ACADEMIC VALUES AND SUSTAINABLEEducation Scholarly Communication: Academic Values and
Lyapunov exponents for products of rectangular real, complex and quaternionic Ginibre matrices
J. R. Ipsen
2015-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
We study the joint density of eigenvalues for products of independent rectangular real, complex and quaternionic Ginibre matrices. In the limit where the number of matrices tends to infinity, it is shown that the joint probability density function for the eigenvalues forms a permanental point process for all three classes. The moduli of the eigenvalues become uncorrelated and log-normal distributed, while the distribution for the phases of the eigenvalues depends on whether real, complex or quaternionic Ginibre matrices are considered. In the derivation for a product of real matrices, we explicitly use the fact that all eigenvalues become real when the number of matrices tends to infinity. Finally, we compare our results with known results for the Lyapunov exponents as well as numerical simulations.
Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut
Li-1 at Ti and a defaultable bond paying Li-1 + spar . spar chosen so that at onset the value is 1 minimize this by increasing the protection taken by the CDS. This means that Â¯s = spar . Credit Derivatives
Real Oscillations of Virtual Neutrinos
W. Grimus; P. Stockinger
1996-03-28T23:59:59.000Z
We study the conditions for neutrino oscillations in a field theoretical approach by taking into account that only the neutrino production and detection processes, which are localized in space around the coordinates $\\vec{x}_P$ and $\\vec{x}_D$, respectively, can be manipulated. In this sense the neutrinos whose oscillations are investigated appear as virtual lines connecting production with detection in the total Feynman graph and all neutrino fields or states to be found in the discussion are mass eigenfields or eigenstates. We perform a thorough examination of the integral over the spatial components of the inner neutrino momentum and show that in the asymptotic limit $L=|\\vec{x}_D - \\vec{x}_P| \\rightarrow \\infty$ the virtual neutrinos become ``real'' and under certain conditions the usual picture of neutrino oscillations emerges without ambiguities.
Real oscillations of virtual neutrinos
Grimus, Walter
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the conditions for neutrino oscillations in a field theoretical approach by taking into account that only the neutrino production and detection processes, which are localized in space around the coordinates \\vec{x}_P and \\vec{x}_D, respectively, can be manipulated. In this sense the neutrinos whose oscillations are investigated appear as virtual lines connecting production with detection in the total Feynman graph and all neutrino fields or states to be found in the discussion are mass eigenfields or eigenstates. We perform a thorough examination of the integral over the spatial components of the inner neutrino momentum and show that in the asymptotic limit L=|\\vec{x}_D - \\vec{x}_P| \\rightarrow \\infty the virtual neutrinos become ``real'' and under certain conditions the usual picture of neutrino oscillations emerges without ambiguities.
FY 2012 Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
More Documents & Publications FY 2013 Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance Reporting Requirement Real Property Maintenance Reporting Requirement Memorandum...
Subdifferential of Optimal Value Functions in Nonlinear Infinite Programming
Huy, N. Q., E-mail: huyngq308@gmail.com; Giang, N. D. [Hanoi Pedagogical University No. 2, Department of Mathematics (Viet Nam); Yao, J.-C., E-mail: yaojc@math.nsysu.edu.tw [National Sun Yat-sen University, Department of Applied Mathematics (China)
2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents an exact formula for computing the normal cones of the constraint set mapping including the Clarke normal cone and the Mordukhovich normal cone in infinite programming under the extended Mangasarian-Fromovitz constraint qualification condition. Then, we derive an upper estimate as well as an exact formula for the limiting subdifferential of the marginal/optimal value function in a general Banach space setting.
Organic Aerosol Component (OACOMP) Value-Added Product Report
Fast, J; Zhang, Q; Tilp, A; Shippert, T; Parworth, C; Mei, F
2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z
Significantly improved returns in their aerosol chemistry data can be achieved via the development of a value-added product (VAP) of deriving OA components, called Organic Aerosol Components (OACOMP). OACOMP is primarily based on multivariate analysis of the measured organic mass spectral matrix. The key outputs of OACOMP are the concentration time series and the mass spectra of OA factors that are associated with distinct sources, formation and evolution processes, and physicochemical properties.
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23Tribal EnergyCatalytic Coby Mods 002, 006, 020,holiday |Nuclear Security09 | National Nucleardocument
Globalization and Real Estate: Issues, Implications, Opportunities
Bardhan, Ashok Deo; Kroll, Cynthia A.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
commercial and residential demand, and the opportunitiespent up demand are boosting residential and retail realfor an upsurge in demand for residential real estate, in
Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005
Eto, Joe
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Energy Management System (SCADA/EMS). In the long term, theadvanced real time control. SCADA is a category of softwareequipment and conditions. SCADA systems include hardware and
Student's algorithm solves real-world problem
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
real-world problems," said David Kratzer of the Laboratory's High Performance Computer Systems group and the Supercomputing Challenge coordinator. The goal of the year-long...
Sigman, Michael E.; Dindal, Amy B.
2003-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
Described is a method for producing copolymerized sol-gel derived sorbent particles for the production of copolymerized sol-gel derived sorbent material. The method for producing copolymerized sol-gel derived sorbent particles comprises adding a basic solution to an aqueous metal alkoxide mixture for a pH.ltoreq.8 to hydrolyze the metal alkoxides. Then, allowing the mixture to react at room temperature for a precalculated period of time for the mixture to undergo an increased in viscosity to obtain a desired pore size and surface area. The copolymerized mixture is then added to an immiscible, nonpolar solvent that has been heated to a sufficient temperature wherein the copolymerized mixture forms a solid upon the addition. The solid is recovered from the mixture, and is ready for use in an active sampling trap or activated for use in a passive sampling trap.
PV Value | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:DepartmentExecutive Secretariat, MA-70 ActingOverviewEnergy 0 - In the MatterDAYS - WEPV Value
VALUE STUDY | Department of Energy
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasma |EfficiencyCR-B-99-02ContactUSG OREGON USG OREGON USG OREGON USGSpoof the Server | DepartmentVALUE
Prognostic value of 18 F-FDG PET image-based
Boyer, Edmond
1 Prognostic value of 18 F-FDG PET image-based parameters in esophageal cancer and impact of tumor Background: 18 F-FDG PET image-derived parameters, such as standardized uptake value (SUV), functional tumor on pretreatment 18 F- FDG scans using adaptive threshold and automatic (FLAB) methodologies. SUVmax, SUVpeak
Magnetic cellulose-derivative structures
Walsh, Myles A. (Falmouth, MA); Morris, Robert S. (Fairhaven, MA)
1986-09-16T23:59:59.000Z
Structures to serve as selective magnetic sorbents are formed by dissolving a cellulose derivative such as cellulose triacetate in a solvent containing magnetic particles. The resulting solution is sprayed as a fine mist into a chamber containing a liquid coagulant such as n-hexane in which the cellulose derivative is insoluble but in which the coagulant is soluble or miscible. On contact with the coagulant, the mist forms free-flowing porous magnetic microspheric structures. These structures act as containers for the ion-selective or organic-selective sorption agent of choice. Some sorbtion agents can be incorporated during the manufacture of the structure.
Magnetic cellulose-derivative structures
Walsh, M.A.; Morris, R.S.
1986-09-16T23:59:59.000Z
Structures to serve as selective magnetic sorbents are formed by dissolving a cellulose derivative such as cellulose triacetate in a solvent containing magnetic particles. The resulting solution is sprayed as a fine mist into a chamber containing a liquid coagulant such as n-hexane in which the cellulose derivative is insoluble but in which the coagulant is soluble or miscible. On contact with the coagulant, the mist forms free-flowing porous magnetic microspheric structures. These structures act as containers for the ion-selective or organic-selective sorption agent of choice. Some sorption agents can be incorporated during the manufacture of the structure. 3 figs.
Earned Value Management Essentials 14 hours, $895
Fork, Richard
Earned Value Management Essentials 14 hours, $895 A growing demand for Earned Value Management (EVM 1 5) ONLINE: On Demand | G. Smith | D2514012E Earned Value Management Acquire the knowledge to increase your earned value management skills. Gain an understanding of earned value management and its
to 150 GPa, consistent with the modulus values of large SWNT bundles (22). Al-
Cottet, Audrey
to 150 GPa, consistent with the modulus values of large SWNT bundles (22). Al- though an individual to provide the optimum conditions for nanotube strand formation. The gas flow carried the strands down), assuming that the sample volume is constant, where D0 and Df are the original diameter and the real
Real-time network simulation support for
Liu, Xiaowen "Jason"
Real-time network simulation support for scalable routing experiments Yue Li*, Jason Liu, and Raju-time network simulation with the realism of open- source routing protocol implementations. The infrastructure experiments on light-weight virtual machines. Keywords: network simulation; real-time simulation; network
Real numbers and other completions Fred Richman
Richman, Fred
Real numbers and other completions Fred Richman Florida Atlantic University Boca Raton, FL 33431 11 March 2007 Abstract A notion of completeness and completion suitable for use in the absence of countable choice is developed. This encompasses the con- struction of the real numbers as well as the completion
A Thermodynamic Classification of Real Numbers
Thomas Garrity
2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
A new classification scheme for real numbers is given, motivated by ideas from statistical mechanics in general and work of Knauf and of Fiala and Kleban in particular. Critical for this classification of a real number will be the Diophantine properties of its continued fraction expansion.
A Real Time Operating System Survey What the heck is a Real Time system
Groppi, Christopher
A Real Time Operating System Survey John Ford 1 #12; What the heck is a Real Time system anyway.'' From POSIX 1003.1: ``Realtime in operating systems: the ability of the operating system to pro videTime Operating System) has to have a realtime kernel ffl Good documentation ffl Good device support ffl Good
Sequence and Series of Real Numbers 1.1 Sequence of Real Numbers
Nair, M.Thamban
1 Sequence and Series of Real Numbers 1.1 Sequence of Real Numbers Suppose for each positive a sequence, and this ordered list is usually written as (a1, a2, . . . , . . .) or (an) or {an}. More precisely, we define a sequence as follows: Definition 1.1 A sequence of real numbers is a function from
Real Time Search User Behavior Real time search is an increasingly important area of
Jansen, James
. The most frequently used terms accounted for only 0.03% of the total terms. Concerning search topics Web search. Searchers of real time content often repeat queries overtime, perhaps indicating long term content increasingly enters the main stream. Keywords Real time search, real time content, Collecta
Value of Faster Computation for Power Grid Operation
Chen, Yousu; Huang, Zhenyu; Elizondo, Marcelo A.
2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
As a result of the grid evolution meeting the information revolution, the power grid is becoming far more complex than it used to be. How to feed data in, perform analysis, and extract information in a real-time manner is a fundamental challenge in today’s power grid operation, not to mention the significantly increased complexity in the smart grid environment. Therefore, high performance computing (HPC) becomes one of the advanced technologies used to meet the requirement of real-time operation. This paper presents benefit case studies to show the value of fast computation for operation. Two fundamental operation functions, state estimation (SE) and contingency analysis (CA), are used as examples. In contrast with today’s tools, fast SE can estimate system status in a few seconds—comparable to measurement cycles. Fast CA can solve more contingencies in a shorter period, reducing the possibility of missing critical contingencies. The benefit case study results clearly show the value of faster computation for increasing the reliability and efficiency of power system operation.
Shale Oil Value Enhancement Research
James W. Bunger
2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
Raw kerogen oil is rich in heteroatom-containing compounds. Heteroatoms, N, S & O, are undesirable as components of a refinery feedstock, but are the basis for product value in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, surfactants, solvents, polymers, and a host of industrial materials. An economically viable, technologically feasible process scheme was developed in this research that promises to enhance the economics of oil shale development, both in the US and elsewhere in the world, in particular Estonia. Products will compete in existing markets for products now manufactured by costly synthesis routes. A premium petroleum refinery feedstock is also produced. The technology is now ready for pilot plant engineering studies and is likely to play an important role in developing a US oil shale industry.
DERIVATION OF STOCHASTIC ACCELERATION MODEL CHARACTERISTICS FOR...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
DERIVATION OF STOCHASTIC ACCELERATION MODEL CHARACTERISTICS FOR SOLAR FLARES FROM RHESSI HARD X-RAY OBSERVATIONS Citation Details In-Document Search Title: DERIVATION OF STOCHASTIC...
Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment Proof of Concept Final Report
Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL; Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL
2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
This proof-of-concept research was performed to explore the feasibility of using real-world braking data from commercial motor vehicles to make a diagnosis of brake condition similar to that of the performance-based brake tester (PBBT). This was done by determining the relationship between pressure and brake force (P-BF), compensating for the gross vehicle weight (GVW). The nature of this P-BF relationship (e.g., low braking force for a given brake application pressure) may indicate brake system problems. In order to determine the relationship between brake force and brake application pressure, a few key parameters of duty cycle information were collected. Because braking events are often brief, spanning only a few seconds, a sample rate of 10 Hz was needed. The algorithm under development required brake application pressure and speed (from which deceleration was calculated). Accurate weight estimation was also needed to properly derive the braking force from the deceleration. In order to ensure that braking force was the predominant factor in deceleration for the segments of data used in analysis, the data was screened for grade as well. Also, the analysis needed to be based on pressures above the crack pressure. The crack pressure is the pressure below which the individual brakes are not applied due the nature of the mechanical system. This value, which may vary somewhat from one wheel end to another, is approximately 10 psi. Therefore, only pressures 15 psi and above were used in the analysis. The Department of Energy s Medium Truck Duty Cycle research has indicated that under the real-world circumstances of the test vehicle brake pressures of up to approximately 30 psi can be expected. Several different types of data were collected during the testing task of this project. Constant-pressure stopping tests were conducted at several combinations of brake application pressure (15, 20, 25, and 30 psi), load conditions (moderately and fully laden), and speeds (20 and 30 mph). Data was collected at 10 Hz. Standard and stepped-pressure performance-based brake tests with brake pressure transducers were performed for each loading condition. The stepped-pressure test included the constant-pressure intervals of brake application at 15, 20, 25, and 30 psi. The PBBT data files included 10 Hz streaming data collected during the testing of each axle. Two weeks of real-world duty cycle (driving and braking) data was also collected at 10 Hz. Initial analysis of the data revealed that the data collected in the field (i.e., day-to-day operations) provided the same information as that obtained from the controlled tests. Analysis of the data collected revealed a strong linear relationship between brake application pressure and deceleration for given GVWs. As anticipated, initial speed was not found to be a significant factor in the deceleration-pressure relationship, unlike GVW. The positive results obtained from this proof of concept test point to the need for further research to expand this concept. A second phase should include testing over a wider range of speeds and include medium brake application pressures in addition to the low pressures tested in this research. Testing on multiple vehicles would also be of value. This future phase should involve testing to determine how degradation of braking performance affects the pressure-deceleration relationship.
Real time sensor for therapeutic radiation delivery
Bliss, M.; Craig, R.A.; Reeder, P.L.
1998-01-06T23:59:59.000Z
The invention is a real time sensor for therapeutic radiation. A probe is placed in or near the patient that senses in real time the dose at the location of the probe. The strength of the dose is determined by either an insertion or an exit probe. The location is determined by a series of vertical and horizontal sensing elements that gives the operator a real time read out dose location relative to placement of the patient. The increased accuracy prevents serious tissue damage to the patient by preventing overdose or delivery of a dose to a wrong location within the body. 14 figs.
Real time sensor for therapeutic radiation delivery
Bliss, Mary (West Richland, WA); Craig, Richard A. (West Richland, WA); Reeder, Paul L. (Richland, WA)
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The invention is a real time sensor for therapeutic radiation. A probe is placed in or near the patient that senses in real time the dose at the location of the probe. The strength of the dose is determined by either an insertion or an exit probe. The location is determined by a series of vertical and horizontal sensing elements that gives the operator a real time read out dose location relative to placement of the patient. The increased accuracy prevents serious tissue damage to the patient by preventing overdose or delivery of a dose to a wrong location within the body.
Revealing the value of open data
and value using high performance computing, big data analytics, simulation and modelling. By combining our
The Earthscan Reader in Environmental Values
Anderson, Byron
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
valuation practices, provide an overview of current economic approaches, and place a value on ecosystem services.
Bordenstein, Seth
Dear, ____________________, Are you aware that you have a high-value employee. Potential benefits are: Your employee will earn a real MBA, not a shortcut, order management, or setting up new customer accounts. 4. In Venture Creation
Zachmann, Gabriel
, Germany Abstract Beyond optimization of position and shape control, producing high performance plasmas value control processes must be given a means to interact with each other. This adds to the complexity a new conceptual layer for management of real time processes. I n Active real time control
Non-parametric estimation of Fisher information from real data
Shemesh, Omri Har; Miñano, Borja; Hoekstra, Alfons G; Sloot, Peter M A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Fisher Information matrix is a widely used measure for applications ranging from statistical inference, information geometry, experiment design, to the study of criticality in biological systems. Yet there is no commonly accepted non-parametric algorithm to estimate it from real data. In this rapid communication we show how to accurately estimate the Fisher information in a nonparametric way. We also develop a numerical procedure to minimize the errors by choosing the interval of the finite difference scheme necessary to compute the derivatives in the definition of the Fisher information. Our method uses the recently published "Density Estimation using Field Theory" algorithm to compute the probability density functions for continuous densities. We use the Fisher information of the normal distribution to validate our method and as an example we compute the temperature component of the Fisher Information Matrix in the two dimensional Ising model and show that it obeys the expected relation to the heat capa...
Limited Holism and Real-Vector-Space Quantum Theory
Lucien Hardy; William K. Wootters
2010-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum theory has the property of "local tomography": the state of any composite system can be reconstructed from the statistics of measurements on the individual components. In this respect the holism of quantum theory is limited. We consider in this paper a class of theories more holistic than quantum theory in that they are constrained only by "bilocal tomography": the state of any composite system is determined by the statistics of measurements on pairs of components. Under a few auxiliary assumptions, we derive certain general features of such theories. In particular, we show how the number of state parameters can depend on the number of perfectly distinguishable states. We also show that real-vector-space quantum theory, while not locally tomographic, is bilocally tomographic.
The Multiple Zeta Value Data Mine
J. Blümlein; D. J. Broadhurst; J. A. M. Vermaseren
2009-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a data mine of proven results for multiple zeta values (MZVs) of the form $\\zeta(s_1,s_2,...,s_k)=\\sum_{n_1>n_2>...>n_k>0}^\\infty \\{1/(n_1^{s_1} >... n_k^{s_k})\\}$ with weight $w=\\sum_{i=1}^k s_i$ and depth $k$ and for Euler sums of the form $\\sum_{n_1>n_2>...>n_k>0}^\\infty t\\{(\\epsilon_1^{n_1} >...\\epsilon_1 ^{n_k})/ (n_1^{s_1} ... n_k^{s_k}) \\}$ with signs $\\epsilon_i=\\pm1$. Notably, we achieve explicit proven reductions of all MZVs with weights $w\\le22$, and all Euler sums with weights $w\\le12$, to bases whose dimensions, bigraded by weight and depth, have sizes in precise agreement with the Broadhurst--Kreimer and Broadhurst conjectures. Moreover, we lend further support to these conjectures by studying even greater weights ($w\\le30$), using modular arithmetic. To obtain these results we derive a new type of relation for Euler sums, the Generalized Doubling Relations. We elucidate the "pushdown" mechanism, whereby the ornate enumeration of primitive MZVs, by weight and depth, is reconciled with the far simpler enumeration of primitive Euler sums. There is some evidence that this pushdown mechanism finds its origin in doubling relations. We hope that our data mine, obtained by exploiting the unique power of the computer algebra language {\\sc form}, will enable the study of many more such consequences of the double-shuffle algebra of MZVs, and their Euler cousins, which are already the subject of keen interest, to practitioners of quantum field theory, and to mathematicians alike.
Turkish residential real estate investment analysis
Ciller, Berk (Berk U.)
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper examines the investment potential for Turkish Residential Real Estate Market, focusing mainly on Istanbul. With a stable economy since 2002, dynamic population, geo-political location and the potential accession ...
Convex Optimization: from Real-Time Embedded
Hall, Julian
, statistics finance supply chain, revenue management, advertising control signal and image processing, . . . ) total variation reconstruction in signal processing compressed sensing Convex Optimization 11 #12Convex Optimization: from Real-Time Embedded to Large-Scale Distributed Stephen Boyd Neal Parikh
POLYNOMIAL HIERARCHY, BETTI NUMBERS AND A REAL ...
2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
1.1.1. Real analogue of PH. The following definitions are well known. A sequence of ... i=1 ki = k = nO(1),. Qi ? {?, ?}, with Qj = Qj+1, 1 ? j1998147 (2004g:14064). 5. , Computing the first ...
Real time PCR measurement by fluorescence anisotropy
Crane, Bryan Lee, 1976-
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the gold-standard for quantitation in both mutation and gene expression analyses. Already this technique has found valuable clinical application in disease diagnosis and progression ...
Complex structure of a real Clifford algebra
Jason Hanson
2011-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
The classification of real Clifford algebras in terms of matrix algebras is well--known. Here we consider the real Clifford algebra ${\\mathcal Cl}(r,s)$ not as a matrix algebra, but as a Clifford module over itself. We show that ${\\mathcal Cl}(r,s)$ possesses a basis independent complex structure only when the square of the volume element $\\omega$ is -1, in which case it is uniquely given up to sign by right multiplication with $\\omega$.
RealEnergy Inc | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View New PagessourceRaven Biofuels International Corporation Jump to:Rayovac JumpRealRealEnergy Inc Jump
Econometric methods in real estate appraisal
Gilliland, Charles E.
1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
ECONOMETRIC METHODS IN REAL ESTATE APPRAISAL A Thesis by CHARLES EDHARD GILLILAND Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1979 Major... Subject: Agricultural Economics ECONOMETRIC METHODS IN REAL ESTATE APPRAISAL A Thesis by Charles Edward Gil I i 1 and Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Co ittee Me be mber Head of De artment December 1979 ABSTRACT Econometric...
The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production
Borenstein, Severin
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Renew- ables”, The Electricity Journal, Volume 14 (2001),from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill VolatilityReal- Time Retail Electricity Pricing,” Energy Journal,28(
Getting Useful Real-Time Feedback About Your Program | Department...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Getting Useful Real-Time Feedback About Your Program Getting Useful Real-Time Feedback About Your Program Getting Useful Real-Time Feedback About Your Program, presentation slides...
Binder enhanced refuse derived fuel
Daugherty, Kenneth E. (Lewisville, TX); Venables, Barney J. (Denton, TX); Ohlsson, Oscar O. (Naperville, IL)
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A refuse derived fuel (RDF) pellet having about 11% or more particulate calcium hydroxide which is utilized in a combustionable mixture. The pellets are used in a particulate fuel bring a mixture of 10% or more, on a heat equivalent basis, of the RDF pellet which contains calcium hydroxide as a binder, with 50% or more, on a heat equivalent basis, of a sulphur containing coal. Combustion of the mixture is effective to produce an effluent gas from the combustion zone having a reduced SO.sub.2 and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content of effluent gas from similar combustion materials not containing the calcium hydroxide.
Lean NOx Traps - Microstructural Studies of Real World and Model...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Traps - Microstructural Studies of Real World and Model Catalysts Lean NOx Traps - Microstructural Studies of Real World and Model Catalysts 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction...
ON A REAL ANALOGUE OF BEZOUT INEQUALITY AND THE ...
2014-07-12T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 12, 2014 ... Failure of the naive version of Bezout inequality over the reals. 5 .... over real closed fields where the original statement of the inequality does.
FY 2013 Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance Reporting Requirement FY 2013 Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance Reporting Requirement FY 2013 DARM...
Building America Webinar: Building America: Research for Real...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
America: Research for Real-World Results Building America Webinar: Building America: Research for Real-World Results This presentation was delivered on Dec. 17, 2014, by Eric...
Capturing Energy Upgrades in the Real Estate Transaction | Department...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Capturing Energy Upgrades in the Real Estate Transaction Capturing Energy Upgrades in the Real Estate Transaction Because green building techniques and products may impact the...
Steps to Establish a Real-Time Transmission Monitoring System...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Steps to Establish a Real-Time Transmission Monitoring System for Transmission Owners and Operators within the Eastern and Western Interconnections Steps to Establish a Real-Time...
HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL-WORLD DRIVING IN LABORATORY CONDITIONS HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL-WORLD DRIVING IN LABORATORY...
FY 2014 Real Property Data Related to Operations and Maintenance...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Real Property Data Related to Operations and Maintenance Guidance FY 2014 Real Property Data Related to Operations and Maintenance Guidance FY2014DataRelatedtoOperationsandM...
Model Simulating Real Domestic Hot Water Use - Building America...
Model Simulating Real Domestic Hot Water Use - Building America Top Innovation Model Simulating Real Domestic Hot Water Use - Building America Top Innovation Image of a pipe...
Slater, Paul B
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The nonnegativity of the determinant of the partial transpose of a two-qubit (4 x 4) density matrix is both a necessary and sufficient condition for its separability. While the determinant is restricted to the interval [0,1/256], the determinant of the partial transpose can range over [-1/16,1/256], with negative values corresponding to entangled states. We report here the exact values of the first nine moments of the probability distribution of the partial transpose over this interval, with respect to the Hilbert-Schmidt (metric volume element) measure on the nine-dimensional convex set of real two-qubit density matrices. Rational functions C_{2 j}(m), yielding the coefficients of the 2j-th power of even polynomials occurring at intermediate steps in our derivation of the m-th moment, emerge. These functions possess poles at finite series of consecutive half-integers (m=-3/2,-1/2,...,(2j-1)/2), and certain (trivial) roots at finite series of consecutive natural numbers (m=0, 1,...). Additionally, the (nontri...
Deriving the Qubit from Entropy Principles
Adam Brandenburger; Pierfrancesco La Mura
2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z
The Heisenberg uncertainty principle is one of the most famous features of quantum mechanics. However, the non-determinism implied by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle --- together with other prominent aspects of quantum mechanics such as superposition, entanglement, and nonlocality --- poses deep puzzles about the underlying physical reality, even while these same features are at the heart of exciting developments such as quantum cryptography, algorithms, and computing. These puzzles might be resolved if the mathematical structure of quantum mechanics were built up from physically interpretable axioms, but it is not. We propose three physically-based axioms which together characterize the simplest quantum system, namely the qubit. Our starting point is the class of all no-signaling theories. Each such theory can be regarded as a family of empirical models, and we proceed to associate entropies, i.e., measures of information, with these models. To do this, we move to phase space and impose the condition that entropies are real-valued. This requirement, which we call the Information Reality Principle, arises because in order to represent all no-signaling theories (including quantum mechanics itself) in phase space, it is necessary to allow negative probabilities (Wigner [1932]). Our second and third principles take two important features of quantum mechanics and turn them into deliberately chosen physical axioms. One axiom is an Uncertainty Principle, stated in terms of entropy. The other axiom is an Unbiasedness Principle, which requires that whenever there is complete certainty about the outcome of a measurement in one of three mutually orthogonal directions, there must be maximal uncertainty about the outcomes in each of the two other directions.
REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007
Eto, Joseph H.; Parashar, Manu; Lewis, Nancy Jo
2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Real Time System Operations (RTSO) 2006-2007 project focused on two parallel technical tasks: (1) Real-Time Applications of Phasors for Monitoring, Alarming and Control; and (2) Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment (RTVSA) Prototype Tool. The overall goal of the phasor applications project was to accelerate adoption and foster greater use of new, more accurate, time-synchronized phasor measurements by conducting research and prototyping applications on California ISO's phasor platform - Real-Time Dynamics Monitoring System (RTDMS) -- that provide previously unavailable information on the dynamic stability of the grid. Feasibility assessment studies were conducted on potential application of this technology for small-signal stability monitoring, validating/improving existing stability nomograms, conducting frequency response analysis, and obtaining real-time sensitivity information on key metrics to assess grid stress. Based on study findings, prototype applications for real-time visualization and alarming, small-signal stability monitoring, measurement based sensitivity analysis and frequency response assessment were developed, factory- and field-tested at the California ISO and at BPA. The goal of the RTVSA project was to provide California ISO with a prototype voltage security assessment tool that runs in real time within California ISO?s new reliability and congestion management system. CERTS conducted a technical assessment of appropriate algorithms, developed a prototype incorporating state-of-art algorithms (such as the continuation power flow, direct method, boundary orbiting method, and hyperplanes) into a framework most suitable for an operations environment. Based on study findings, a functional specification was prepared, which the California ISO has since used to procure a production-quality tool that is now a part of a suite of advanced computational tools that is used by California ISO for reliability and congestion management.
Ferná ndez-Solis, José Rybkowski, Zofia K.
2015-02-08T23:59:59.000Z
Waste and value are ambiguous concepts, making it difficult to visualize where and how they occur in construction. This paper visualizes waste and value in construction at three scales: systemic, synergistic and discrete and from the perspectives...
Missouri Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Missouri Value-Added Grant Program provides grants for projects that add value to Missouri agricultural products and aid the economy of a rural community. Grant applications will be considered...
Ecovillages, Values, and Information Technology: Balancing Sustainability
Anderson, Richard
Ecovillages, Values, and Information Technology: Balancing Sustainability with Daily Life in 21st as individuals with explicit value commitments interact with information technology. Specifically, ethnographic methods are being used to investigate the information technology adaptive process as it unfolds
Scholarly Communication: Academic Values and Sustainable Models
King, C. Judson; Harley, Diane; Earl-Novell, Sarah; Arter, Jennifer; Lawrence, Shannon; Perciali, Irene
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
libraries. Scholarly Communication: Academic Values and SustainableSustainable Model? , Oxford, U.K. International Coalition of LibraryLibraries, Washington, D.C. Available at http://www.escholarlypub.com/oab/oab.pdf Scholarly Communication: Academic Values and Sustainable
The Offshore Services Global Value Chain
Richardson, David
..................................................................................................................................... 33 D. Low-Income Nations entering the Value Chain: Spanish-Speaking Central American and Caribbean
Value of Energy Storage for Grid Applications (Report Summary) (Presentation)
Denholm, P.; Jorgenson, J.; Hummon, M.; Jenkin, T.; Palchak, D.; Kirby, B.; Ma, O.; O'Malley, M.
2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
This analysis evaluates several operational benefits of electricity storage, including load-leveling, spinning contingency reserves, and regulation reserves. Storage devices were simulated in a utility system in the western United States, and the operational costs of generation was compared to the same system without the added storage. This operational value of storage was estimated for devices of various sizes, providing different services, and with several sensitivities to fuel price and other factors. Overall, the results followed previous analyses that demonstrate relatively low value for load-leveling but greater value for provision of reserve services. The value was estimated by taking the difference in operational costs between cases with and without energy storage and represents the operational cost savings from deploying storage by a traditional vertically integrated utility. The analysis also estimated the potential revenues derived from a merchant storage plant in a restructured market, based on marginal system prices. Due to suppression of on-/off-peak price differentials and incomplete capture of system benefits (such as the cost of power plant starts), the revenue obtained by storage in a market setting appears to be substantially less than the net benefit provided to the system. This demonstrates some of the additional challenges for storage deployed in restructured energy markets.
The Value of Energy Storage for Grid Applications
Denholm, P.; Jorgenson, J.; Hummon, M.; Jenkin, T.; Palchak, D.; Kirby, B.; Ma, O.; O'Malley, M.
2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
This analysis evaluates several operational benefits of electricity storage, including load-leveling, spinning contingency reserves, and regulation reserves. Storage devices were simulated in a utility system in the western United States, and the operational costs of generation was compared to the same system without the added storage. This operational value of storage was estimated for devices of various sizes, providing different services, and with several sensitivities to fuel price and other factors. Overall, the results followed previous analyses that demonstrate relatively low value for load-leveling but greater value for provision of reserve services. The value was estimated by taking the difference in operational costs between cases with and without energy storage and represents the operational cost savings from deploying storage by a traditional vertically integrated utility. The analysis also estimated the potential revenues derived from a merchant storage plant in a restructured market, based on marginal system prices. Due to suppression of on-/off-peak price differentials and incomplete capture of system benefits (such as the cost of power plant starts), the revenue obtained by storage in a market setting appears to be substantially less than the net benefit provided to the system. This demonstrates some of the additional challenges for storage deployed in restructured energy markets.
Introduction Aliphatic polyesters derived from renewable
Introduction Aliphatic polyesters derived from renewable resources are of increasing interest, there are also opportunities to derive lactones from biomass, which can then be converted to a wide range
Real-world Quantum Sensors: Evaluating Resources for Precision Measurement
Nicholas Thomas-Peter; Brian J Smith; Animesh Datta; Lijian Zhang; Uwe Dorner; Ian A Walmsley
2011-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum physics holds the promise of enabling certain tasks with better performance than possible when only classical resources are employed. The quantum phenomena present in many experiments signify nonclassical behavior, but do not always imply superior performance. Quantifying the enhancement achieved from quantum behavior requires careful analysis of the resources involved. We analyze the specific case of parameter estimation using an optical interferometer, where increased precision can be achieved using quantum probe states. Common performance measures are examined and it is shown that some overestimate the improvement. For the simplest experimental case we compare the different measures and show this overestimate explicitly. We give the preferred analysis of real-world experiments and calculate benchmark values for experimental parameters necessary to realize a precision enhancement.
Calculating Long-Term Trends in the Real Real Prices of Primary Commodities
and Tilton (2006). Key Words: primary commodity prices, Prebisch-Singer hypothesis, inflation correctionsCalculating Long-Term Trends in the Real Real Prices of Primary Commodities: Deflator Adjustment Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products Q32 - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development
Position paper: A real Semantic Web for mathematics deserves a real semantics
Wiedijk, Freek
in terms of the third layer. We propose a ``Math Wiki'' to harness Web 2.0 tools and techniques is that a web of mathematical documents, definitions and proofs should be given a fullyfledged semanticsPosition paper: A real Semantic Web for mathematics deserves a real semantics P. Corbineau, H
Position paper: A real Semantic Web for mathematics deserves a real semantics
in terms of the third layer. We propose a "Math- Wiki" to harness Web 2.0 tools and techniques to the rich is that a web of mathematical documents, definitions and proofs should be given a fully-fledged semanticsPosition paper: A real Semantic Web for mathematics deserves a real semantics P. Corbineau, H
Position paper: A real Semantic Web for mathematics deserves a real semantics
Wiedijk, Freek
of the third layer. We propose a "Math- Wiki" to harness Web 2.0 tools and techniques to the rich Position paper: A real Semantic Web for mathematics deserves a real semantics in a system for formal mathematical logic. Semantic Web tools [2] support the first two of these
Continuous, real time microwave plasma element sensor
Woskov, Paul P. (4 Ledgewood Dr., Bedford, MA 01730); Smatlak, Donna L. (10 Village Hill Rd., Belmont, MA 02178); Cohn, Daniel R. (26 Walnut Hill Rd., Chestnut Hill, MA 02167); Wittle, J. Kenneth (1740 Conestoga Rd., Chester Springs, PA 19425); Titus, Charles H. (323 Echo Valley La., Newton Square, PA 19072); Surma, Jeffrey E. (806 Brian La., Kennewick, WA 99337)
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Microwave-induced plasma for continuous, real time trace element monitoring under harsh and variable conditions. The sensor includes a source of high power microwave energy and a shorted waveguide made of a microwave conductive, refractory material communicating with the source of the microwave energy to generate a plasma. The high power waveguide is constructed to be robust in a hot, hostile environment. It includes an aperture for the passage of gases to be analyzed and a spectrometer is connected to receive light from the plasma. Provision is made for real time in situ calibration. The spectrometer disperses the light, which is then analyzed by a computer. The sensor is capable of making continuous, real time quantitative measurements of desired elements, such as the heavy metals lead and mercury.
Continuous, real time microwave plasma element sensor
Woskov, P.P.; Smatlak, D.L.; Cohn, D.R.; Wittle, J.K.; Titus, C.H.; Surma, J.E.
1995-12-26T23:59:59.000Z
Microwave-induced plasma is described for continuous, real time trace element monitoring under harsh and variable conditions. The sensor includes a source of high power microwave energy and a shorted waveguide made of a microwave conductive, refractory material communicating with the source of the microwave energy to generate a plasma. The high power waveguide is constructed to be robust in a hot, hostile environment. It includes an aperture for the passage of gases to be analyzed and a spectrometer is connected to receive light from the plasma. Provision is made for real time in situ calibration. The spectrometer disperses the light, which is then analyzed by a computer. The sensor is capable of making continuous, real time quantitative measurements of desired elements, such as the heavy metals lead and mercury. 3 figs.
Valuing Place through Resources: Incorporating Multi-dimensional Values in Decision Processes
Bardenhagen, Eric Karsten
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
in a national park. Existing valuation methods produce reliable measures for market resources, but are criticized for their inability to express values beyond uni-dimensional monetary values. Expressed values of park visitors for the natural...
Reference values for total blood volume and cardiac output in humans
Williams, L.R. [Indiana Univ., South Bend, IN (United States). Division of Liberal Arts and Sciences] [Indiana Univ., South Bend, IN (United States). Division of Liberal Arts and Sciences
1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Much research has been devoted to measurement of total blood volume (TBV) and cardiac output (CO) in humans but not enough effort has been devoted to collection and reduction of results for the purpose of deriving typical or {open_quotes}reference{close_quotes} values. Identification of normal values for TBV and CO is needed not only for clinical evaluations but also for the development of biokinetic models for ultra-short-lived radionuclides used in nuclear medicine (Leggett and Williams 1989). The purpose of this report is to offer reference values for TBV and CO, along with estimates of the associated uncertainties that arise from intra- and inter-subject variation, errors in measurement techniques, and other sources. Reference values are derived for basal supine CO and TBV in reference adult humans, and differences associated with age, sex, body size, body position, exercise, and other circumstances are discussed.
The Fourth Partial Derivative In Transport Dynamics
Trinh Khanh Tuoc
2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z
A new fourth partial derivative is introduced for the study of transport dynamics. It is a Lagrangian partial derivative following the path of diffusion, not the path of convection. Use of this derivative decouples the effect of diffusion and convection and simplifies the analysis of transport processes.
Measuring Health Outcomes Real-5me Repor5ng
Myers, Lawrence C.
Measuring Health Outcomes #12;Real-5me Repor5ng #12;Real-5me Repor5ng #12;How we Publishing Group #12;Payment and Quality: AMI #12;Real-5me Repor5ng #12;Real-5me Repor5ng
Using the IC Reals Library Lindsay Errington and Reinhold Heckmann
Cadar, Cristian
The Imperial College Exact Real Arithmetic Library is a collection of C types and functions which implement to a real type, the library also includes a lazy boolean type and a collection of predicates on reals the types and functions provided by the library. It is not an introduction to exact real arithmetic nor does
Relativistic nuclear matter with alternative derivative coupling models
Delfino, A.; Coelho, C.T.; Malheiro, M. (Instituto de Fisica-Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro de Sao Joao Batista s/n, 24020-004 Centro, Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil))
1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Effective Lagrangians involving nucleons coupled to scalar and vector fields are investigated within the framework of relativistic mean-field theory. The study presents the traditional Walecka model and different kinds of scalar derivative couplings suggested by Zimanyi and Moszkowski. The incompressibility (presented in an analytical form), scalar potential, and vector potential at the saturation point of nuclear matter are compared for these models. The real optical potential for the models are calculated and one of the models fits well the experimental curve from [minus]50 to 400 MeV while also giving a soft equation of state. By varying the coupling constants and keeping the saturation point of nuclear matter approximately fixed, only the Walecka model presents a first order phase transition for finite temperature at zero density.
The Higgs mass derived from the U(3) Lie group
Ole L. Trinhammer; Henrik G. Bohr; Mogens Stibius Jensen
2014-12-07T23:59:59.000Z
The Higgs mass value is derived from a Hamiltonian on the Lie group U(3) where we relate strong and electroweak energy scales. The baryon states of nucleon and delta resonances originate in specific Bloch wave degrees of freedom coupled to a Higgs mechanism which also gives rise to the usual gauge boson masses. The derived Higgs mass is around 125 GeV. From the same Hamiltonian we derive the relative neutron to proton mass ratio. All compare rather well with the experimental values. We predict scarce neutral flavour baryon singlets that should be visible in scattering cross sections for negative pions on protons, in photoproduction on neutrons, in neutron diffraction dissociation experiments and in invariant mass spectra of protons and negative pions in B-decays. The fundamental predictions are based on just one length scale and the fine structure constant. More particular predictions rely also on the weak mixing angle and the up-down quark flavour mixing matrix element. With differential forms on the measure-scaled wavefunction, we could generate approximate parton distribution functions for the u and d valence quarks of the proton that compare well with established experimental analysis.
The Higgs mass derived from the U(3) Lie group
Ole L. Trinhammer; Henrik G. Bohr; Mogens Stibius Jensen
2015-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
The Higgs mass value is derived from a Hamiltonian on the Lie group U(3) where we relate strong and electroweak energy scales. The baryon states of nucleon and delta resonances originate in specific Bloch wave degrees of freedom coupled to a Higgs mechanism which also gives rise to the usual gauge boson masses. The derived Higgs mass is around 125 GeV. From the same Hamiltonian we derive the relative neutron to proton mass ratio and the N and Delta mass spectra. All compare rather well with the experimental values. We predict scarce neutral flavor baryon singlets that should be visible in scattering cross sections for negative pions on protons, in photoproduction on neutrons, in neutron diffraction dissociation experiments and in invariant mass spectra of protons and negative pions in B-decays. The fundamental predictions are based on just one length scale and the fine structure constant. More particular predictions rely also on the weak mixing angle and the up-down quark flavor mixing matrix element. With differential forms on the measure-scaled wavefunction, we could generate approximate parton distribution functions for the u and d valence quarks of the proton that compare well with established experimental analysis.
Sadeh, Norman M.
be lost again. · Motion sensors connected to the heating and ventilation systems in SMART HOMES (A8) offer energy efficiency for home owners. · An electronic message board can be set up in SMART HOMES (A8 proposition a matter of marketing or spin. Your users will be able to sense if there is no real underlying
Financial derivative pricing under probability operator via Esscher transfomation
Achi, Godswill U., E-mail: achigods@yahoo.com [Department of Mathematics, Abia State Polytechnic Aba, P.M.B. 7166, Aba, Abia State (Nigeria)
2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
The problem of pricing contingent claims has been extensively studied for non-Gaussian models, and in particular, Black- Scholes formula has been derived for the NIG asset pricing model. This approach was first developed in insurance pricing{sup 9} where the original distortion function was defined in terms of the normal distribution. This approach was later studied6 where they compared the standard Black-Scholes contingent pricing and distortion based contingent pricing. So, in this paper, we aim at using distortion operators by Cauchy distribution under a simple transformation to price contingent claim. We also show that we can recuperate the Black-Sholes formula using the distribution. Similarly, in a financial market in which the asset price represented by a stochastic differential equation with respect to Brownian Motion, the price mechanism based on characteristic Esscher measure can generate approximate arbitrage free financial derivative prices. The price representation derived involves probability Esscher measure and Esscher Martingale measure and under a new complex valued measure ? (u) evaluated at the characteristic exponents ?{sub x}(u) of X{sub t} we recuperate the Black-Scholes formula for financial derivative prices.
Properties of real networks: degree distribution
Albert, Réka
Properties of real networks: degree distribution Nodes with small degrees are most frequent;Degree distributions in networks of science collaborations Coauthor, neurosci. 21. )( kkP Coauthor, HEP (2001) )(kP #12;Metabolic networks have a power-law degree distribution H. Jeong et al., Nature 407, 651
FINK 402-1110 Real Estate Finance
Diestel, Geoff
of interest rates and the supply & demand for money and credit. c. Describe how residential lending has Finance covers the institutions and instruments used to finance residential and commercial real estate the supply and demand for money and credit affect (and are affected by) the economy, and in turn, affect
Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005
Eto, Joe; Eto, Joe; Lesieutre, Bernard; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Parashar, Manu
2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
The increased need to manage California?s electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically-integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management -- construction of new transmission lines -- has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools. This project: (1) developed and conducted first-ever demonstrations of two prototype real-time software tools for voltage security assessment and phasor monitoring; and (2) prepared a scoping study on improving load and generator response models. Additional funding through two separate subsequent work authorizations has already been provided to build upon the work initiated in this project.
Baton Rouge Complex Steam Real Time Optimization
Iyun, T.
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Baton Rouge Complex Steam Real Time Optimization IETC 2014 New Orleans, Louisiana Tope Iyun ExxonMobil Chemical Company May 22, 2014 ESL-IE-14-05-32 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20...
Arnold Schwarzenegger REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY
monitoring and tracking of phase angles between sources and sink buses within the Western Interconnection System Prototype Source: CERTS License Agreements and Copyrights / Non-Disclosure Agreements The Real subject to non-disclosure agreement between data providers and California ISO. #12;iii Table of Contents
Geometrical accumulations and computably enumerable real numbers
Durand-Lose, JÃ©rÃ´me
Geometrical accumulations and computably enumerable real numbers (extended abstract) J and space are continuous and accumulations can be devised to unlimitedly accelerate a computation with rational numbers for coordinates and speeds, the time of any accumulation is a c.e. (compu- tably
QUANTUM MECHANICS AND REAL Department of Mathematics
Penrose, Oliver
QUANTUM MECHANICS AND REAL EVENTS O.Penrose Department of Mathematics Heriot-Watt University into the evolution of a quantum-mechanical system, without altering the usual laws of quantum mechanics in any way Although quantum mechanics is wonderfully successful for predicting the results of experiments done
REAL ALGEBRAIC THREEFOLDS I. TERMINAL SINGULARITIES
Kollár, János
REAL ALGEBRAIC THREEFOLDS I. TERMINAL SINGULARITIES J ' ANOS KOLL ' AR Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. Terminal hypersurface singularities 3 3. Higher index terminal singularities 7 4. The topology of terminal hypersurface singularities 12 5. The topology of terminal quotient singularities 20 References 24 1
Introducing Real-time Interactions Neil Henderson
Newcastle upon Tyne, University of
This report forms the deliverable for Activity I.35 which was to create a formal model to show University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK. Abstract This report introduces a new rigorous notation called Real-time Interactions that can be used to model the interactions between a system and its
A monotonicity conjecture for real cubic maps
Dawson, S.P. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Galeeva, R. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Milnor, J. [State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY (United States); Tresser, C. [International Business Machines Corp., Yorktown Heights, NY (United States)
1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This will be an outline of work in progress. We study the conjecture that the topological entropy of a real cubic map depends ``monotonely`` on its parameters, in the sense that each locus of constant entropy in parameter space is a connected set. This material will be presented in more detail in a later paper.
SURVEY Real Analysis Exchange Vol. ??(?), ????, pp. 157
Edgar, Gerald
SURVEY Real Analysis Exchange Vol. ??(?), ????, pp. 1Â57 G. A. Edgar, Department of Mathematics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA. email: edgar@math.ohio-state.edu TRANSSERIES: Hardy field, ordered field, differential field, log-exp series, Â´Ecalle 1 #12;2 G. A. Edgar 4 Example
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This resource evaluates several options to reduce and eliminate the decline in the value of wind and solar PV technology, as a previous study had quantified the decline as penetration levels increased. Researchers found that largest increase in the value of PV at high penetration levels comes from assuming that low-cost bulk power storage is an investment option. Other attractive options, particularly at more modest penetration levels, include real-time pricing and technology diversity.
Solar Energy and Capacity Value (Fact Sheet)
Not Available
2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This is a one-page, two-sided fact sheet on the capacity of solar power to provide value to utilities and power system operators.
Analytic Challenges to Valuing Energy Storage
O. Ma, M. O’Malley, K. Cheung, P. Larochelle, Contributing: R. Scheer
2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z
Electric grid energy storage value. System-level asset focus for mechanical and electrochemical energy storage. Analysis questions for power system planning, operations, and customer-side solutions.
Converting Biomass to High-Value Feedstocks
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Converting Biomass to High-Value Feedstocks Advanced feedstocks play an important role in economically and efficiently converting biomass into bioenergy products. Advanced...
Earned Value Management | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
to examine detailed schedule information, critical program and technical milestones, and cost data. Earned Value Management System (EVMS) and Project Analysis Standard Operating...
Austin Energy- Value of Solar Residential Rate
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Note: In August 2014, the City Council of Austin, Texas, enacted Resolution No. 20140828, which directed program changes to the Value of Solar Tariff as follows:
Quotation for the Value Added Assessment during Product Development and Production Processes
Alain Bernard; Nicolas Perry; Jean-Charles Delplace; Serge Gabriel
2010-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
This communication is based on an original approach linking economical factors to technical and methodological ones. This work is applied to the decision process for mix production. This approach is relevant for costing driving systems. The main interesting point is that the quotation factors (linked to time indicators for each step of the industrial process) allow the complete evaluation and control of, on the one hand, the global balance of the company for a six-month period and, on the other hand, the reference values for each step of the process cycle of the parts. This approach is based on a complete numerical traceability and control of the processes (design and manufacturing of the parts and tools, mass production). This is possible due to numerical models and to feedback loops for cost indicator analysis at design and production levels. Quotation is also the base for the design requirements and for the choice and the configuration of the production process. The reference values of the quotation generate the base reference parameters of the process steps and operations. The traceability of real values (real time consuming, real consumable) is mainly used for a statistic feedback to the quotation application. The industrial environment is a steel sand casting company with a wide mix product and the application concerns both design and manufacturing. The production system is fully automated and integrates different products at the same time.
VALUES AND VALUING [Adapted from Carl Mitcham, ed., Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and
Nissenbaum, Helen
as the primary form of value. In economic science the basic concern has thus become to analyze interactions manifestation in values, and the process of valuing (and evaluation) have been subject to diverse economic of relevance to any description and assessment of values in and resulting from science, engineering
Permutation P-values Should Never Be Zero: Calculating Exact P-values When Permutations Are
Smyth, Gordon K.
Permutation P-values Should Never Be Zero: Calculating Exact P-values When Permutations by which p-values are attached to a test statistic by ran- domly permuting the sample or gene labels. Yet permutation p-values published in the genomic literature are often computed incorrectly, understated by about
Singular value decomposition utilizing parallel algorithms on graphical processors
Kotas, Charlotte W [ORNL; Barhen, Jacob [ORNL
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
One of the current challenges in underwater acoustic array signal processing is the detection of quiet targets in the presence of noise. In order to enable robust detection, one of the key processing steps requires data and replica whitening. This, in turn, involves the eigen-decomposition of the sample spectral matrix, Cx = 1/K xKX(k)XH(k) where X(k) denotes a single frequency snapshot with an element for each element of the array. By employing the singular value decomposition (SVD) method, the eigenvectors and eigenvalues can be determined directly from the data without computing the sample covariance matrix, reducing the computational requirements for a given level of accuracy (van Trees, Optimum Array Processing). (Recall that the SVD of a complex matrix A involves determining V, , and U such that A = U VH where U and V are orthonormal and is a positive, real, diagonal matrix containing the singular values of A. U and V are the eigenvectors of AAH and AHA, respectively, while the singular values are the square roots of the eigenvalues of AAH.) Because it is desirable to be able to compute these quantities in real time, an efficient technique for computing the SVD is vital. In addition, emerging multicore processors like graphical processing units (GPUs) are bringing parallel processing capabilities to an ever increasing number of users. Since the computational tasks involved in array signal processing are well suited for parallelization, it is expected that these computations will be implemented using GPUs as soon as users have the necessary computational tools available to them. Thus, it is important to have an SVD algorithm that is suitable for these processors. This work explores the effectiveness of two different parallel SVD implementations on an NVIDIA Tesla C2050 GPU (14 multiprocessors, 32 cores per multiprocessor, 1.15 GHz clock - peed). The first algorithm is based on a two-step algorithm which bidiagonalizes the matrix using Householder transformations, and then diagonalizes the intermediate bidiagonal matrix through implicit QR shifts. This is similar to that implemented for real matrices by Lahabar and Narayanan ("Singular Value Decomposition on GPU using CUDA", IEEE International Parallel Distributed Processing Symposium 2009). The implementation is done in a hybrid manner, with the bidiagonalization stage done using the GPU while the diagonalization stage is done using the CPU, with the GPU used to update the U and V matrices. The second algorithm is based on a one-sided Jacobi scheme utilizing a sequence of pair-wise column orthogonalizations such that A is replaced by AV until the resulting matrix is sufficiently orthogonal (that is, equal to U ). V is obtained from the sequence of orthogonalizations, while can be found from the square root of the diagonal elements of AH A and, once is known, U can be found from column scaling the resulting matrix. These implementations utilize CUDA Fortran and NVIDIA's CUB LAS library. The primary goal of this study is to quantify the comparative performance of these two techniques against themselves and other standard implementations (for example, MATLAB). Considering that there is significant overhead associated with transferring data to the GPU and with synchronization between the GPU and the host CPU, it is also important to understand when it is worthwhile to use the GPU in terms of the matrix size and number of concurrent SVDs to be calculated.
Liu, Jian; Miller, William H.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
in a single phase space integral—beyond the linearizedreplace the phase space integral in Eq. (2.1) by a timeclassical dynamics of the path integral beads of the quantum
Sin, Peter
. Bloodstained Venezuela Claudia Bossio RW53 Violence is a serious problem in Venezuela. According of homicides there reached 28,000; while in Venezuela, where no war was going on, there were #12;2 22
Solutions to Dr. Z.'s Math 421(1) REAL Quiz #8 1. Solve the boundary value problem
Zeilberger, Doron
-kn2 t cos nx , where A0 = 2 0 f(x) dx , An = 2 0 f(x) cos nx dx . Note: The boundary conditions nx = 2 /2 0 f(x) cos nx + 2 /2 f(x) cos nx = 0 + 2 /2 (2) cos nx = 4 /2 cos nx = ( 4 ) sin nx2 t cos nx . #12;This is an acceptable answer. It can be made simpler as follows. When n is even sin
Goldklang, Shaul
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The term "mass-customization" in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry refers to architectural elements that have similar purpose but are completely different from each other. Architects use ...
Recursive recovery of Markov transition probabilities from boundary value data
Patch, S.K.
1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
In an effort to mathematically describe the anisotropic diffusion of infrared radiation in biological tissue Gruenbaum posed an anisotropic diffusion boundary value problem in 1989. In order to accommodate anisotropy, he discretized the temporal as well as the spatial domain. The probabilistic interpretation of the diffusion equation is retained; radiation is assumed to travel according to a random walk (of sorts). In this random walk the probabilities with which photons change direction depend upon their previous as well as present location. The forward problem gives boundary value data as a function of the Markov transition probabilities. The inverse problem requires finding the transition probabilities from boundary value data. Problems in the plane are studied carefully in this thesis. Consistency conditions amongst the data are derived. These conditions have two effects: they prohibit inversion of the forward map but permit smoothing of noisy data. Next, a recursive algorithm which yields a family of solutions to the inverse problem is detailed. This algorithm takes advantage of all independent data and generates a system of highly nonlinear algebraic equations. Pluecker-Grassmann relations are instrumental in simplifying the equations. The algorithm is used to solve the 4 {times} 4 problem. Finally, the smallest nontrivial problem in three dimensions, the 2 {times} 2 {times} 2 problem, is solved.
Auckland, University of
of value added compounds that can have applications in the food, chemical, biomedical, bio-energy. Software control and real time data logging. Bacterial, yeast and fungal cultures. Parallel fermentations. PC2 containment allows for fermentation of risk group 2 and recombinant microbes. The Centre
Subsampling p-values Arthur Berg
Politis, Dimitris N.
Subsampling p-values Arthur Berg Penn State University Timothy L. McMurry DePaul University-values. The procedure is shown to apply for both i.i.d. and stationary data satisfying mixing conditions. The new pÂ¨otze, and van Zwet (1997). Interestingly, there is little work to date on the construction of p
Operator valued Hardy spaces and related subjects
Mei, Tao
2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
We give a systematic study of the Hardy spaces of functions with values in the non-commutative Lp-spaces associated with a semifinite von Neumann algebra M. This is motivated by matrix valued harmonic analysis (operator weighted norm inequalities...
THE COMPARATIVE VALUE OF BIOLOGICAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION
McCarl, Bruce A.
THE COMPARATIVE VALUE OF BIOLOGICAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 sequestration and between 1 and 49 percent for forest based carbon sequestration. Value adjustments 18 19 20 21 22 BRUCE A. MCCARL, BRIAN C. MURRAY, AND UWE A. SCHNEIDER Abstract Carbon sequestered via
From Ptides to PtidyOS, Designing Distributed Real-Time Embedded Systems
Zou, Jia
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
hard real-time and soft real-time systems. Hard real-timein immediate system failures, while soft real-time systemsof both hard and soft real-time sub-systems. To address this
Reliable Downlink Scheduling for Wireless Networks with Real-Time and Non-Real Time Clients
Jain, Abhishek
2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
reliability to the real time clients, while Round Robin policy provides reliability to the clients but fails to achieve high system throughput in a time-varying wireless network. Apart from these policies, there are scheduling policies which prioritize clients...
Toward natural interaction in the real world: real-time gesture recognition
Yin, Ying
Using a new hand tracking technology capable of tracking 3D hand postures in real-time, we developed a recognition system for continuous natural gestures. By natural gestures, we mean those encountered in spontaneous ...
Real options in action : vertical phasing in commercial real estate development
Pearson, Jason R
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Real estate development is inherently a risky endeavor. Developers encounter varied risks during the different phases of a development project, from permitting to construction and through lease-up and stabilized operations. ...
A real options analysis of a vertically expandable real estate development
Guma, Anthony C. (Anthony Christian), 1975-
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Like many great business ventures, grand successes in real estate development are often attributed to individuals with strong visions and talent, as well as a keen foresight on the future conditions which will ultimately ...
Feldman, D.; Mendelsohn, M.; Coughlin, J.
2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
It has been proposed that Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) have the potential to lower the cost and increase the adoption of photovoltaic systems (PV) by offering a more attractive source of capital. The purpose of this paper is to explain the fundamental physical characteristics of PV and compare them to the characteristics of 'real' property, to help determine whether REITs can own PV systems.
Cortes, Corinna
Applying Control Theory in the Real World: Experience With Building a Controller for the .NET There has been considerable interest in using control theory to build web servers, database managers, and other systems. We claim that the potential value of using control theory cannot be realized in practice
Real time detection of soil moisture and nitrates using on-board in-situ impedance spectroscopy
Kumar, Ratnesh
Real time detection of soil moisture and nitrates using on-board in-situ impedance spectroscopy across a pair of electrodes immersed in that medium. We make accurate measurements on soil impedance over multiple frequen- cies using an in-situ soil-sensor we have designed. The impedance values are then used
Calibration by Optimization Without Using Derivatives
Markus Lazar
2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z
Mar 6, 2015 ... Abstract: Applications in engineering frequently require the ... to upper and lower bounds without relying on the knowledge of the derivative of f .
An extension of the classical derivative
Diego Dominici
2006-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the usual definition of the derivative in a way that Calculus I students can easily comprehend and which allows calculations at branch points.
Anisotropic higher derivative gravity and inflationary universe
W. F. Kao
2006-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
Stability analysis of the Kantowski-Sachs type universe in pure higher derivative gravity theory is studied in details. The non-redundant generalized Friedmann equation of the system is derived by introducing a reduced one dimensional generalized KS type action. This method greatly reduces the labor in deriving field equations of any complicate models. Existence and stability of inflationary solution in the presence of higher derivative terms are also studied in details. Implications to the choice of physical theories are discussed in details in this paper.
Visualizations for Real-time Pricing Demonstration
Marinovici, Maria C.; Hammerstrom, Janelle L.; Widergren, Steven E.; Dayley, Greg K.
2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, the visualization tools created for monitoring the operations of a real-time pricing demonstration system that runs at a distribution feeder level are presented. The information these tools provide gives insights into demand behavior from automated price responsive devices, distribution feeder characteristics, impact of weather on system’s development, and other significant dynamics. Given the large number of devices that bid into a feeder-level real-time electricity market, new techniques are explored to summarize the present state of the system and contrast that with previous trends as well as future projections. To better understand the system behavior and correctly inform decision-making procedures, effective visualization of the data is imperative.
Real World Interpretations of Quantum Theory
Adrian Kent
2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
I propose a new class of interpretations, {\\it real world interpretations}, of the quantum theory of closed systems. These interpretations postulate a preferred factorization of Hilbert space and preferred projective measurements on one factor. They give a mathematical characterisation of the different possible worlds arising in an evolving closed quantum system, in which each possible world corresponds to a (generally mixed) evolving quantum state. In a realistic model, the states corresponding to different worlds should be expected to tend towards orthogonality as different possible quasiclassical structures emerge or as measurement-like interactions produce different classical outcomes. However, as the worlds have a precise mathematical definition, real world interpretations need no definition of quasiclassicality, measurement, or other concepts whose imprecision is problematic in other interpretational approaches. It is natural to postulate that precisely one world is chosen randomly, using the natural probability distribution, as the world realised in Nature, and that this world's mathematical characterisation is a complete description of reality.
Real time gamma-ray signature identifier
Rowland, Mark (Alamo, CA); Gosnell, Tom B. (Moraga, CA); Ham, Cheryl (Livermore, CA); Perkins, Dwight (Livermore, CA); Wong, James (Dublin, CA)
2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
A real time gamma-ray signature/source identification method and system using principal components analysis (PCA) for transforming and substantially reducing one or more comprehensive spectral libraries of nuclear materials types and configurations into a corresponding concise representation/signature(s) representing and indexing each individual predetermined spectrum in principal component (PC) space, wherein an unknown gamma-ray signature may be compared against the representative signature to find a match or at least characterize the unknown signature from among all the entries in the library with a single regression or simple projection into the PC space, so as to substantially reduce processing time and computing resources and enable real-time characterization and/or identification.
Toxic real estate; Marketing site assessments
Bishop, J.
1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper reports on site assessment services in support of real estate transactions which appear to be an answer to marketing managers' dreams. It is a service that sells itself. Although the consensus among assessment consultants is that lenders and property developers currently are only dimly aware and somewhat resentful of the need for site assessments, the potential market for these services, they say, seems nearly boundless.
Real Time Monitoring: Achieving Energy Efficiency
Rouse, S.
ABSTRACT: IECBO?s International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations November 17-18, 2009 Austin, Texas. Energy @ Work www.Energy-Efficiency.com File: Rouse_ Abstract Contact: scott.rouse@energy-efficiency....com, (416) 402-0525 Proposal Type: o Electronic proposal for presentation Title of Paper: o Real Time Monitoring: Achieving Energy Efficiency! Conference: o ICEBO?s International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations Submitted by: o...
Real Time Monitoring: Achieving Energy Efficiency
Rouse, S.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations November 17-18, 2009 Austin, Texas. Energy @ Work www.Energy-Efficiency.com File: Rouse_ Abstract Contact: scott.rouse@energy-efficiency.com, (416) 402...-0525 Proposal Type: o Electronic proposal for presentation Title of Paper: o Real Time Monitoring: Achieving Energy Efficiency! Conference: o ICEBO?s International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations Submitted by: o Scott Rouse, P. Eng...
Real Goods Solar Campbell | Open Energy Information
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Real Goods Solar Fullerton | Open Energy Information
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Real Goods Solar Murrieta | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View New PagessourceRaven Biofuels International Corporation Jump to:Rayovac JumpReal GoodsMurrieta Jump
Real Goods Solar Ukiah | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View New PagessourceRaven Biofuels International Corporation Jump to:Rayovac JumpReal
Real-Time Demand Side Energy Management
Victor, A.; Brodkorb, M.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Real-Time Demand Side Energy Management Annelize Victor Michael Brodkorb Sr. Business Consultant Business Development Manager Aspen Technology, Inc. Aspen Technology España, S.A. Houston, TX Barcelona, Spain ABSTRACT To remain... competitive, manufacturers must capture opportunities to increase bottom-line profitability. The goal of this paper is to present a new methodology for reducing energy costs – “Demand-Side Energy Management.” Learn how process manufacturers assess energy...
Real Options for Project Schedules (ROPS)
Ingber, Lester
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Real Options for Project Schedules (ROPS) has three recursive sampling/optimization shells. An outer Adaptive Simulated Annealing (ASA) optimization shell optimizes parameters of strategic Plans containing multiple Projects containing ordered Tasks. A middle shell samples probability distributions of durations of Tasks. An inner shell samples probability distributions of costs of Tasks. PATHTREE is used to develop options on schedules.. Algorithms used for Trading in Risk Dimensions (TRD) are applied to develop a relative risk analysis among projects.
Non-representative quantum mechanical weak values
B. E. Y. Svensson
2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z
The operational definition of a weak value for a quantum mechanical system involves the limit of the weak measurement strength tending to zero. I study how this limit compares to the situation for the undisturbed (no weak measurement) system. Under certain conditions, which I investigate, this limit is discontinuous in the sense that it does not merge smoothly to the Hilbert space description of the undisturbed system. Hence, in these discontinuous cases, the weak value does not represent the undisturbed system. As a result, conclusions drawn from such weak values regarding the properties of the studied system cannot be upheld. Examples are given.
Real time assimilation of HF radar currents into a coastal ocean model
Breivik, Øyvind; 10.1016/S0924-7963(01)00002-1
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A real time assimilation and forecasting system for coastal currents is presented. The purpose of the system is to deliver current analyses and forecasts based on assimilation of high frequency radar surface current measurements. The local Vessel Traffic Service monitoring the ship traffic to two oil terminals on the coast of Norway received the analyses and forecasts in real time. A new assimilation method based on optimal interpolation is presented where spatial covariances derived from an ocean model are used instead of simplified mathematical formulations. An array of high frequency radar antennae provide the current measurements. A suite of nested ocean models comprise the model system. The observing system is found to yield good analyses and short range forecasts that are significantly improved compared to a model twin without assimilation. The system is fast; analysis and six hour forecasts are ready at the Vessel Traffic Service 45 minutes after acquisition of radar measurements.
A multi-period equilibrium pricing model of weather derivatives
Lee, Yongheon; Oren, Shmuel S.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Y. : Valuation and hedging of weather derivatives on monthlyJ. Risk 31. Yoo, S. : Weather derivatives and seasonaleffects and valuation of weather derivatives. Financ. Rev.
A Multi-period Equilibrium Pricing Model of Weather Derivatives
Lee, Yongheon; Oren, Shmuel S.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2002). On modelling and pricing weather derivatives. Applied2003). Arbitrage-fee pricing of weather derivatives based onfects and valuation of weather derivatives. The Financial
German public real estate open-ended funds in Japan
Hayashi, Rokuhei
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The German real estate open-ended fund, a major indirect real estate investment vehicle for German individual investors, is now suffering a strong pressure of globalization from its investors because of the sluggish German ...
Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print Wednesday, 25 June 2008 00:00 The oxide gate layer is critical...
Real-Time Quantitative Imaging of Failure Events in Materials...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Real-Time Quantitative Imaging of Failure Events in Materials Under Load at Temperatures Above 1,600 C Real-Time Quantitative Imaging of Failure Events in Materials Under Load at...
Autonomous global sky monitoring with real-time robotic follow...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Conference: Autonomous global sky monitoring with real-time robotic follow-up Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Autonomous global sky monitoring with real-time robotic...
Evaluating and mitigating execution risk in Indian real estate development
Howard, Neal (Neal David)
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Real estate development is a complex process in which developers and equity investors look to capitalize on favorable financial markets and economic forces to produce investment returns. Real estate development is a risky ...
Energy Efficient Scheduling for Real-Time Systems
Gupta, Nikhil
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
The goal of this dissertation is to extend the state of the art in real-time scheduling algorithms to achieve energy efficiency. Currently, Pfair scheduling is one of the few scheduling frameworks which can optimally schedule a periodic real...
Ames Lab 101: Real-Time 3D Imaging
Zhang, Song
2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
Ames Laboratory scientist Song Zhang explains his real-time 3-D imaging technology. The technique can be used to create high-resolution, real-time, precise, 3-D images for use in healthcare, security, and entertainment applications.
Complexity of service value networks: Conceptualization
of the services ecosystem. The paper then discusses what transformative role information and communication for consumers by providing greater levels of value network integration, information visibility, and means, consulting, logistics, information technology (IT), telecommunications, software, and health care. 1
Capturing value in outsourced aerospace supply chains
Lee, Chan Yuin
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The aerospace industry is increasingly outsourcing and offshoring their supply chains in order to maintain profitability in the face of increasing competition and globalization. This strategy for value creation inevitably ...
Value creation through modernizing Chinese medicine
Sun, Lizhe
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
My first hypothesis in this thesis is that there is significant value vested in traditional Chinese medicine that can be captured by converting them into ethical drugs through scientific analysis, screening and validation. ...
Features . . . Cover Crop Value to Cotton
Watson, Craig A.
.............................................................................................Page 6 Fuel Prices Projections - Encouraging News .......................Page 7 Agronomy Notes VolumeFeatures . . . Cotton Cover Crop Value to Cotton Cotton Price and Rotation ..............................................................Page 5 Miscellaneous Large differences in nitrogen prices.......................................Page 6
Experiencing the Park: Values, Perceptions and Expectations
Bielby, Paul
2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
user groups experience the Cairngorms National Park. With a primary focus on hill walkers that climb the area’s many hills, and using qualitative interviews and ethnographic methods, the study, therefore, investigates the values, experiences...
Cybersecurity through Real-Time Distributed Control Systems
Kisner, Roger A [ORNL; Manges, Wayne W [ORNL; MacIntyre, Lawrence Paul [ORNL; Nutaro, James J [ORNL; Munro Jr, John K [ORNL; Ewing, Paul D [ORNL; Howlader, Mostofa [ORNL; Kuruganti, Phani Teja [ORNL; Wallace, Richard M [ORNL; Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL
2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Critical infrastructure sites and facilities are becoming increasingly dependent on interconnected physical and cyber-based real-time distributed control systems (RTDCSs). A mounting cybersecurity threat results from the nature of these ubiquitous and sometimes unrestrained communications interconnections. Much work is under way in numerous organizations to characterize the cyber threat, determine means to minimize risk, and develop mitigation strategies to address potential consequences. While it seems natural that a simple application of cyber-protection methods derived from corporate business information technology (IT) domain would lead to an acceptable solution, the reality is that the characteristics of RTDCSs make many of those methods inadequate and unsatisfactory or even harmful. A solution lies in developing a defense-in-depth approach that ranges from protection at communications interconnect levels ultimately to the control system s functional characteristics that are designed to maintain control in the face of malicious intrusion. This paper summarizes the nature of RTDCSs from a cybersecurity perspec tive and discusses issues, vulnerabilities, candidate mitigation approaches, and metrics.
Valuing Place through Resources: Incorporating Multi-dimensional Values in Decision Processes
Bardenhagen, Eric Karsten
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
Including values for non-market natural and cultural resources in decision processes present challenges to resource managers. This dissertation uses a place-based resource-driven approach to assess the values associated ...
Authorized release of DOE's non-real property : process and approach.
Chen, S. Y.; Ranek, N.; Kamboj, S.; Hensley, J.; Wallo, A.; Environmental Assessment; DOE
1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) environmental cleanup activities will generate large amounts of non-real (personal) property over the next few decades. Although much of this material does not contain abovebackground concentrations of residual radioactive material, some does contain above-background concentrations. In many cases, property containing or potentially containing above-background concentrations of residual radioactive material has been disposed of by burial. However, some of the property may be expensive equipment or devices that are still useful, and the incentive to recover them for reuse is high. Other property may be valuable metals, such as nickel, copper, or high-quality stainless steel, which can easily be recycled. Yet another category of property that will be involved is bulky material, such as concrete and carbon steel, which will require considerable space for burial. Although the values of these latter materials may not be significant, recycling presents an attractive option for alleviating limited burial capacity and ever-increasing disposal costs at licensed or authorized disposal facilities. Authorized release provisions for nonreal property are contained in Order DOE 5400.5, which DOE has proposed to be codified in Title 10, Part 834, of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR 834), and in related guidance. The Department has also issued (for use and comment) the Draft Handbook for Controlling Release for Reuse or Recycle of Property Containing Residual Radioactive Material. As described in the handbook, authorized release can be accomplished using a step-by-step process. The process emphasizes application of the as-low-as-reasonably-achievable (ALARA) concept to derive release limits. This process involves identifying viable alternatives, followed by dose calculations and an optimization (cost/benefit) analysis to arrive at a preferred release alternative. Demonstration that a release alternative is ALARA does not have to be elaborate if the individual and collective doses are small (on the order of a few mrem and person-rem per year). The approach outlined in the handbook also addresses stakeholder participation and the need to coordinate with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission or the responsible Agreement State to ensure that DOE-approved releases will not result in an unlicensed release of property that is subject to NRC licensing requirements.
Automatic Performance Visualization of Distributed Real-time systems
Harmon, Trevor; Klefstad, Raymond
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
execution deadlines. • Non-intrusive monitoring—The currentknown as Real-time Non-Intrusive (RTNI) monitoring. This
Potential value of Cs-137 capsules
Bloomster, C.H.; Brown, D.R.; Bruno, G.A.; Hazelton, R.F.; Hendrickson, P.L.; Lezberg, A.J.; Tingey, G.L.; Wilfert, G.L.
1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We determined the value of Cs-137 compared to Co-60 as a source for the irradiation of fruit (apples and cherries), pork and medical supplies. Cs-137, in the WESF capsule form, had a value of approximately $0.40/Ci as a substitute for Co-60 priced at approximately $1.00/Ci. The comparison was based on the available curies emitted from the surface of each capsule. We developed preliminary designs for fourteen irradiation facilities; seven were based on Co-60 and seven were based on Cs-137. These designs provided the basis for estimating capital and operating costs which, in turn, provided the basis for determining the value of Cs-137 relative to Co-60 in these applications. We evaluated the effect of the size of the irradiation facility on the value of Cs-137. The cost of irradiation is low compared to the value of the product. Irradiation of apples for disinfestation costs $.01 to .02 per pound. Irradiation for trichina-safe pork costs $.02 per pound. Irradiation of medical supplies for sterilization costs $.07 to .12 per pound. The cost of the irradiation source, either Co-60 or Cs-137, contributed only a minor amount to the total cost of irradiation, about 5% for the fruit and hog cases and about 20% for the medical supply cases. We analyzed the sensitivity of the irradiation costs and Cs-137 value to several key assumptions.
Using Place Value Cards Problem: Use place value cards to evaluate 456seven + 44seven.
Lee, Carl
. Working from right to left, we see that there is a group of seven poker chips in the one's place. WeUsing Place Value Cards ============== Problem: Use place value cards to evaluate 456seven + 44seven. Solution: We begin with two place value cards. The first card represents 456seven and the second
Adaptive Fault Tolerance in Real Time Cloud Computing Sheheryar Malik
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Adaptive Fault Tolerance in Real Time Cloud Computing Sheheryar Malik Research Team OASIS INRIA.huet@inria.fr Abstract -- With the increasing demand and benefits of cloud computing infrastructure, real time computing can be performed on cloud infrastructure. A real time system can take advantage of intensive computing
Affine Nash groups over real closed fields Ehud Hrushovski
Pillay, Anand
Affine Nash groups over real closed fields Ehud Hrushovski Hebrew University of Jerusalem Anand Nash group over a real closed field R is Nash isogenous to the semialgebraically connected component connected affine Nash groups over arbitrary real closed fields. 1 Introduction and preliminaries The Nash
Wireless Network Capacity Management: A Real Options Approach
Forsyth, Peter A.
Wireless Network Capacity Management: A Real Options Approach Y. d'Halluin , P.A. Forsyth , and K factor algorithm is developed, based on a real options formulation. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate various aspects of the model. Keywords: real options, optimal network planning decisions, network
Escardó, Martín H
We develop a theory of higher-order exact real number computation based on Scott domain theory. Our main object of investigation is a higher-order functional programming language, Real PCF, which is an extension of PCF ...
Allen, Charlotte Annette
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
, hemorrhages, lethargy or thrombocytopenia seen in the acute and chronic phases of equine infectious anemia (EIA). The study of the equine immune system and inflammatory responses, by measuring cytokine expression, can provide important insight into disease...
Allen, Charlotte Annette
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
, hemorrhages, lethargy or thrombocytopenia seen in the acute and chronic phases of equine infectious anemia (EIA). The study of the equine immune system and inflammatory responses, by measuring cytokine expression, can provide important insight into disease...
Evaluation of Concurrency Control Strategies for Mixed Soft Real-Time Database Systems
Cheng, Reynold Cheng Chun
1 Evaluation of Concurrency Control Strategies for Mixed Soft Real-Time Database Systems Kam soft real-time database systems (MSRTDBS), in which both non-real-time and soft real-time transactions of both soft real-time and non-real-time transactions under different real-time supports in the system
Real-Time Maps of Fluid Flow Fields in Porous Biomaterials
Julia J. Mack; Khalid Youssef; Onika D. V. Noel; Michael Lake; Ashley Wu; M. Luisa Iruela-Arispe; Louis-S. Bouchard
2013-01-13T23:59:59.000Z
Mechanical forces such as fluid shear have been shown to enhance cell growth and differentiation, but knowledge of their mechanistic effect on cells is limited because the local flow patterns and associated metrics are not precisely known. Here we present real-time, noninvasive measures of local hydrodynamics in 3D biomaterials based on nuclear magnetic resonance. Microflow maps were further used to derive pressure, shear and fluid permeability fields. Finally, remodeling of collagen gels in response to precise fluid flow parameters was correlated with structural changes. It is anticipated that accurate flow maps within 3D matrices will be a critical step towards understanding cell behavior in response to controlled flow dynamics.
Real-Time Maps of Fluid Flow Fields in Porous Biomaterials
Mack, Julia J; Noel, Onika D V; Lake, Michael; Wu, Ashley; Iruela-Arispe, M Luisa; Bouchard, Louis-S; 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2012.11.030
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Mechanical forces such as fluid shear have been shown to enhance cell growth and differentiation, but knowledge of their mechanistic effect on cells is limited because the local flow patterns and associated metrics are not precisely known. Here we present real-time, noninvasive measures of local hydrodynamics in 3D biomaterials based on nuclear magnetic resonance. Microflow maps were further used to derive pressure, shear and fluid permeability fields. Finally, remodeling of collagen gels in response to precise fluid flow parameters was correlated with structural changes. It is anticipated that accurate flow maps within 3D matrices will be a critical step towards understanding cell behavior in response to controlled flow dynamics.
International transmission of oil price effects and the derivation of optimal oil prices
Marquez, J.R.
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this dissertation is to study the international transmission of oil-price effects and the derivation of optimal oil prices not as two separate problems but rather as one problem by recognizing that changes in oil prices affect real income of oil importers and thus feed back to the demand for oil faced by OPEC. To study the international transmission of oil price changes, the author develops a three-region world model where real income, prices, and international trade are endogenously determined. With this model he derives the comparative statics of oil price changes. He also analyzes the feedback effect of oil price changes, allowing for counterinflationary policies in oil-importing countries. A modified version of the theoretical model is econometrically estimated with data for 1960-1979. The quantitative dimension of oil price changes using dynamic multipliers is studied. Also studied are the impacts of restrictive fiscal policy in DC's, greater absorption by OPEC, and increased financial transfers to LDC's on real income, in the international oil market, on inflation, and on international trade of manufacturers and raw materials. It was found that not recognizing the feedback effects of oil price increases introduces a significant upward bias in the total price elasticity and in the optimal oil price path, neither of which is consistent with OPEC's best interest.
Dannenberg, Roger B.
Dannenberg and Thompson, Real-Time Software Synthesis on Superscalar Architectures 1 Real-Time Software Synthesis on Superscalar Architectures1 Roger B. Dannenberg and Nick Thompson School of Computer: Roger B. Dannenberg and Nick Thompson, "Real-Time Software Synthesis on Superscalar Architectures
Analysis of real-time reservoir monitoring : reservoirs, strategies, & modeling.
Mani, Seethambal S.; van Bloemen Waanders, Bart Gustaaf; Cooper, Scott Patrick; Jakaboski, Blake Elaine; Normann, Randy Allen; Jennings, Jim (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Gilbert, Bob (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Lake, Larry W. (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Weiss, Chester Joseph; Lorenz, John Clay; Elbring, Gregory Jay; Wheeler, Mary Fanett (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Thomas, Sunil G. (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Rightley, Michael J.; Rodriguez, Adolfo (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Klie, Hector (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Banchs, Rafael (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Nunez, Emilio J. (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Jablonowski, Chris (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX)
2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
The project objective was to detail better ways to assess and exploit intelligent oil and gas field information through improved modeling, sensor technology, and process control to increase ultimate recovery of domestic hydrocarbons. To meet this objective we investigated the use of permanent downhole sensors systems (Smart Wells) whose data is fed real-time into computational reservoir models that are integrated with optimized production control systems. The project utilized a three-pronged approach (1) a value of information analysis to address the economic advantages, (2) reservoir simulation modeling and control optimization to prove the capability, and (3) evaluation of new generation sensor packaging to survive the borehole environment for long periods of time. The Value of Information (VOI) decision tree method was developed and used to assess the economic advantage of using the proposed technology; the VOI demonstrated the increased subsurface resolution through additional sensor data. Our findings show that the VOI studies are a practical means of ascertaining the value associated with a technology, in this case application of sensors to production. The procedure acknowledges the uncertainty in predictions but nevertheless assigns monetary value to the predictions. The best aspect of the procedure is that it builds consensus within interdisciplinary teams The reservoir simulation and modeling aspect of the project was developed to show the capability of exploiting sensor information both for reservoir characterization and to optimize control of the production system. Our findings indicate history matching is improved as more information is added to the objective function, clearly indicating that sensor information can help in reducing the uncertainty associated with reservoir characterization. Additional findings and approaches used are described in detail within the report. The next generation sensors aspect of the project evaluated sensors and packaging survivability issues. Our findings indicate that packaging represents the most significant technical challenge associated with application of sensors in the downhole environment for long periods (5+ years) of time. These issues are described in detail within the report. The impact of successful reservoir monitoring programs and coincident improved reservoir management is measured by the production of additional oil and gas volumes from existing reservoirs, revitalization of nearly depleted reservoirs, possible re-establishment of already abandoned reservoirs, and improved economics for all cases. Smart Well monitoring provides the means to understand how a reservoir process is developing and to provide active reservoir management. At the same time it also provides data for developing high-fidelity simulation models. This work has been a joint effort with Sandia National Laboratories and UT-Austin's Bureau of Economic Geology, Department of Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering, and the Institute of Computational and Engineering Mathematics.
Gaiam Real Goods | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP aCentrothermDepew, New York:EssexInstitute for SolarFurnas County,EnergyGM SAIC JVGahanna,Gaiam Real
Real-Time Demand Side Energy Management
Victor, A.; Brodkorb, M.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
• Provides periodic energy consumption reports Demand-Side Energy Management • Compares actual energy cost against defined dynamic targets • Alerts responsible personnel when corrective action is needed • Provides a list of recommended actions... stream_source_info ESL-IE-06-05-24.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 17485 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name ESL-IE-06-05-24.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Real-Time Demand Side Energy...
Real-time inclinometer using accelerometer MEMS
Hanto, D; Hermanto, B; Puranto, P; Handoko, L T
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A preliminary design of inclinometer for real-time monitoring system of soil displacement is proposed. The system is developed using accelerometer sensor with microelectromechanical system (MEMS) device. The main apparatus consists of a single MEMS sensor attached to a solid pipe and stucked pependicularly far away below the soil surface. The system utilizes small fractions of electrical signals from MEMS sensor induced by the pipe inclination due to soil displacements below the surface. It is argued that the system is accurate enough to detect soil displacements responsible for landslides, and then realizes a simple and low cost landslide early warning system.
Bully Real Estate AS | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g eWorks - As PreparedBovina, Texas: Energy ResourcesEnergy InformationBuildingBullDogBully Real
Real Property - DOE Directives, Delegations, and Requirements
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet)setsManagementProtonQ1FY14 1Reading File Bonneville Power AdministrationReal
Real Beamline Optics from a Synthetic Beam
Ryan Bodenstein,Michael Tiefenback,Yves Roblin
2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Jefferson Lab can be described as a series of concatenated beamlines. Methods used to measure the Twiss parameters in closed orbit machines are not applicable in such open ended systems. We are using properly selected sets of real orbits in the accelerator, as one would for numerical analysis. The evolution of these trajectories along the beamline models the behavior of a synthetic beam which deterministically supplements beam profile-based Twiss parameter measurements and optimizes the efficiency of beamline tuning. Examples will be presented alongside a description of the process.
Chapter 7. Derivatives markets. Manual for SOA Exam FM/CAS Exam 2.
Arcones, Miguel A.
barrels. The current price is $70/barrel. Hence, the current value of a future contract on crude oil. Derivatives markets. Section 7.3. Futures. Let us consider some common futures. Crude oil futures trade parties agree in a future contact for crude oil for delivery in 18 months. The contract is worth $70000
Section 2.3: Product and Quotient Rules; Higher Order Derivatives
2014-02-16T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 17, 2014 ... Page 1 ... We now ”cross-multiply” in order to get the derivative of y. dy dx. = 7[f. /. (x)g(x) + f ... which agrees with what we know the answer should be from the power .... We must now check that these x-values don't make the.
Absolute Values of Neutrino Masses implied by the Seesaw Mechanism
H. Tsujimoto
2005-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
It is found that the seesaw mechanism not only explain the smallness of neutrino masses but also account for the large mixing angles simultaneously, even if the unification of the neutrino Dirac mass matrix with that of up-type quark sector is realized. We show that provided the Majorana masses have hierarchical structure as is seen in the up-type quark sector and all mass matrices are real, we can reduce the information about the absolute values of neutrino masses through the data set of neutrino experiments. Especially for $\\theta_{13}=0$, we found that the neutrino masses are decided as $m_1:m_2:m_3\\approx 1:3:17$ or $1:50:250$ ($m_1\\simeq m_2:m_3\\approx 3:1$ or $12:1$) in the case of normal mass spectrum (inverted mass spectrum), and the greatest Majorana mass turns out to be $m_3^R=1\\times 10^{15}$ GeV which just corresponds to the GUT scale. Including the decoupling effects caused by three singlet neutrinos, we also perform a renormalization group analysis to fix the neutrino Yukawa coupling matrix at low energy.
THE ECONOMIC THRESHOLD WITH A STOCHASTIC PEST POPULATION: A REAL OPTIONS APPROACH
Saphores, Jean-Daniel M
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
101. Trigeorgis, L. , Real Options: Managerial FlexibilityPEST POPULATION: A REAL OPTIONS APPROACH ? Jean-Daniel M.Keywords: Uncertainty; Real Options; Pest Control; Reentry
Microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device
Robinson, Alex L. (Albuquerque, NM); Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM); Moorman, Matthew W. (Albuquerque, NM)
2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z
A microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device comprises a microfabricated gas chromatography column in combination with a catalytic microcalorimeter. The microcalorimeter can comprise a reference thermal conductivity sensor to provide diagnostics and surety. Using microfabrication techniques, the device can be manufactured in production quantities at a low per-unit cost. The microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device enables continuous calorimetric determination of the heating value of natural gas with a 1 minute analysis time and 1.5 minute cycle time using air as a carrier gas. This device has applications in remote natural gas mining stations, pipeline switching and metering stations, turbine generators, and other industrial user sites. For gas pipelines, the device can improve gas quality during transfer and blending, and provide accurate financial accounting. For industrial end users, the device can provide continuous feedback of physical gas properties to improve combustion efficiency during use.
A simple reform for treating the loss of accuracy of Humlicek's W4 algorithm near the real axis
Zaghloul, Mofreh R
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a simple reform for treating the reported problem of loss-of-accuracy near the real axis of Humlicek's w4 algorithm, widely used for the calculation of the Faddeyeva or complex probability function. The reformed routine maintains the claimed accuracy of the algorithm over a wide and fine grid that covers all the domain of the real part, x, of the complex input variable, z=x+iy, and values for the imaginary part in the range y=[10-30, 10+30
Chirality of tensor perturbations for complex values of the Immirzi parameter
Laura Bethke; Joao Magueijo
2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we generalise previous work on tensor perturbations in a de Sitter background in terms of Ashtekar variables to cover all complex values of the Immirzi parameter gamma (previous work was restricted to imaginary gamma). Particular attention is paid to the case of real gamma. Following the same approach as in the imaginary case, we can obtain physical graviton states by invoking reality and torsion free conditions. The Hamiltonian in terms of graviton states has the same form whether gamma has a real part or not; however changes occur for the vacuum energy and fluctuations. Specifically, we observe a gamma dependent chiral asymmetry in the vacuum fluctuations only if gamma has an imaginary part. Ordering prescriptions also change this asymmetry. We thus present a measurable result for CMB polarisation experiments that could shed light on the workings of quantum gravity.
Real Time Simulation of Power Grid Disruptions
Chinthavali, Supriya [ORNL; Dimitrovski, Aleksandar D [ORNL; Fernandez, Steven J [ORNL; Groer, Christopher S [ORNL; Nutaro, James J [ORNL; Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL; Omitaomu, Olufemi A [ORNL; Shankar, Mallikarjun [ORNL; Spafford, Kyle L [ORNL; Vacaliuc, Bogdan [ORNL
2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
DOE-OE and DOE-SC workshops (Reference 1-3) identified the key power grid problem that requires insight addressable by the next generation of exascale computing is coupling of real-time data streams (1-2 TB per hour) as the streams are ingested to dynamic models. These models would then identify predicted disruptions in time (2-4 seconds) to trigger the smart grid s self healing functions. This project attempted to establish the feasibility of this approach and defined the scientific issues, and demonstrated example solutions to important smart grid simulation problems. These objectives were accomplished by 1) using the existing frequency recorders on the national grid to establish a representative and scalable real-time data stream; 2) invoking ORNL signature identification algorithms; 3) modeling dynamically a representative region of the Eastern interconnect using an institutional cluster, measuring the scalability and computational benchmarks for a national capability; and 4) constructing a prototype simulation for the system s concept of smart grid deployment. The delivered ORNL enduring capability included: 1) data processing and simulation metrics to design a national capability justifying exascale applications; 2) Software and intellectual property built around the example solutions; 3) demonstrated dynamic models to design few second self-healing.
Real-time applications of neural nets
Spencer, J.E.
1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Producing, accelerating and colliding very high power, low emittance beams for long periods is a formidable problem in real-time control. As energy has grown exponentially in time so has the complexity of the machines and their control systems. Similar growth rates have occurred in many areas, e.g., improved integrated circuits have been paid for with comparable increases in complexity. However, in this case, reliability, capability and cost have improved due to reduced size, high production and increased integration which allow various kinds of feedback. In contrast, most large complex systems (LCS) are perceived to lack such possibilities because only one copy is made. Neural nets, as a metaphor for LCS, suggest ways to circumvent such limitations. It is argued that they are logically equivalent to multi-loop feedback/forward control of faulty systems. While complimentary to AI, they mesh nicely with characteristics desired for real-time systems. Such issues are considered, examples given and possibilities discussed. 21 refs., 6 figs.
SCM Forcing Data Derived from NWP Analyses
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Jakob, Christian
Forcing data, suitable for use with single column models (SCMs) and cloud resolving models (CRMs), have been derived from NWP analyses for the ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurement) Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) sites of Manus Island and Nauru.
Direct synthesis of pyridine and pyrimidine derivatives
Hill, Matthew D. (Matthew Dennis)
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
I. Synthesis of Substituted Pyridine Derivatives via the Ruthenium-Catalyzed Cycloisomerization of 3-Azadienynes. The two-step conversion of various N-vinyl and N-aryl amides to the corresponding substituted pyridines and ...
Tax Credit for Forest Derived Biomass
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Forest-derived biomass includes tree tops, limbs, needles, leaves, and other woody debris leftover from activities such as timber harvesting, forest thinning, fire suppression, or forest health m...
Deriving Mathisson - Papapetrou equations from relativistic pseudomechanics
R. R. Lompay
2005-03-12T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that the equations of motion of a test point particle with spin in a given gravitational field, so called Mathisson - Papapetrou equations, can be derived from Euler - Lagrange equations of the relativistic pseudomechanics -- relativistic mechanics, which side by side uses the conventional (commuting) and Grassmannian (anticommuting) variables. In this approach the known difficulties of the Mathisson - Papapetrou equations, namely, the problem of the choice of supplementary conditions and the problem of higher derivatives are not appear.
Discovering the Value of "Gaining Through Training"
Lee, R. C.; Hahn, G. E.
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of operation and energy evaluation. This also supports the value of gaining through training as it relates to unit production. EXAMPLE 3 Trainin~ as Total Ener~y Evaluation Steam loss is a major cost concern in many types of industries. There is, however...
Bringing values and deliberation to science communication
Bringing values and deliberation to science communication Thomas Dietz1 Environmental Science communication focuses only on facts. If science communi- cation is intended to inform decisions, it must analysis and deliberation can be an effective tool for science communication. However, chal- lenges remain
Measuring value added characteristics in feeder cattle
Mathews, Crystal Dawn
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
, cyclical effects, lot size, weight, breed type, sex, commingling, fed cattle futures price, and corn price were all found to have an impact on the sale price of feeder cattle. Feeder calves sold through MFA Health Track Beef Alliance and other value added...
The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture
Stephens, Graeme L.
The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture Gregory Graff, Ryan Mortenson, Rebecca Goldbach, Dawn of Agricultural and Resource Economics, College of Agricultural Sciences, and the Office of Engagement Colorado the Colorado Department of Agriculture and the Colorado State University Office of Engagement. The authors
Blue Care Elect Enhanced Value (PPO)
Aalberts, Daniel P.
Blue Care Elect SM Enhanced Value (PPO) Summary of Benefits Williams College An Association of Independent Blue Cross and Blue Shield Plans This health plan meets Minimum Creditable Coverage Standards of your directory, call Member Service at the number on your ID card. ·Visit the Blue Cross Blue Shield
Elementary Differential Equations with Boundary Value Problems
William F. Trench
2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 1, 2013 ... In Sections 12.1 (The Heat Equation) and 12.2 (The Wave Equation) I devote .... Figure 1.1.1 shows typical graphs of P versus t for various values of P0. ...... Suppose a space vehicle is launched vertically and its fuel is ...
Fernández-Solis, José; Rybkowski, Zofia K.
2015-02-08T23:59:59.000Z
and production. This paper proposes that additional research is needed to measure synergistic and systemic waste and value. Visualizing waste in construction is the point of departure for those seeking to find and minimize or eliminate waste and create a theory...
Uniform Theory of Multiplicative Valued Difference Fields
Pal, Koushik
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and M ODDAG are co-theories (see Definition 2.1.28). We alsoof model companion (see Definition 2.1.28) of a theory is anValuation Theory Valued Fields Definition 2.3.1. A triple K
Valuing ZEVs Institute of Transportation Studies
California at Davis, University of
to gas stations, stable electricity prices vs. fluctuating gasoline prices--3 to 4 weeks #12;Social EVs Short driving range Long charge times Lack of charging infrastructure High vehicle prices infrastructure Radical price reductions #12;Another Frame: EVs differences are sources of new values · People
Notion of p-value Parametric Approximations
Nuel, Gregory
Notion of p-value Parametric Approximations Power Significance of an Observation in Post-Genomics G, March 7 - 10, 2011 G. NUEL Significance of an Observation in Post-Genomics #12;Notion of p Power of a test ROC and AUC Example with GWAS G. NUEL Significance of an Observation in Post-Genomics
Network Stochastic Programming for Valuing Reservoir Storage
complicates the simultaneous optimization of hydropower for a multi-stage, multi-reservoir system. The expected value of hydropower must be simultaneously optimized over all time steps and scenarios. Previous stochastic programming model of the Tennessee River Basin converged rapidly to an upper bound on hydropower
THE COMPARATIVE VALUE OF BIOLOGICAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION
McCarl, Bruce A.
THE COMPARATIVE VALUE OF BIOLOGICAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION BRUCE A. MCCARL, BRIAN C. MURRAY, AND UWE A. SCHNEIDER A. Abstract Carbon sequestration via forests and agricultural soils saturates over time to sequestration because of (1) an ecosystems limited ability to take up carbon which we will call saturation
The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture
.S. agricultural policy, on the global food system, and on technological change in agricultural production. Greg University. Dr. Thilmany's specialty is in the economics of value-added market differentiation of food products, such as local, organic, and specialty products. At CSU she teaches courses on agricultural
The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture
.S. agricultural policy, on the global food system, and on technological change in agricultural production. Greg. Thilmany's specialty is in the economics of value-added market differentiation of food products, such as local, organic, and specialty products. At CSU she teaches courses on agricultural finance, agricultural
C. Charmousis; B. Goutéraux; E. Kiritsis
2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a general Kaluza-Klein reduction of a truncated Lovelock theory. We find necessary geometric conditions for the reduction to be consistent. The resulting lower-dimensional theory is a higher derivative scalar-tensor theory, depends on a single real parameter and yields second-order field equations. Due to the presence of higher-derivative terms, the theory has multiple applications in modifications of Einstein gravity (Galileon/Horndesky theory) and holography (Einstein-Maxwell-Dilaton theories). We find and analyze charged black hole solutions with planar or curved horizons, both in the 'Einstein' and 'Galileon' frame, with or without cosmological constant. Naked singularities are dressed by a geometric event horizon originating from the higher-derivative terms. The near-horizon region of the near-extremal black hole is unaffected by the presence of the higher derivatives, whether scale invariant or hyperscaling violating. In the latter case, the area law for the entanglement entropy is violated logarithmically, as expected in the presence of a Fermi surface. For negative cosmological constant and planar horizons, thermodynamics and first-order hydrodynamics are derived: the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio does not depend on temperature, as expected from the higher-dimensional scale invariance.
Mills, Andrew
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and maintenance Pumped hydro storage Photovoltaic Real time Real-time pricing Western Renewable Energy Zone Initiative Western Wind and
Developing Louisiana's Forest Products Industry: Adding Value for the Future
of a manufacturingThe increased value at each stage of a manufacturing assembly processassembly process Those and necessaryimportant and necessary Addition of net economic valueAddition of net economic value Value can be added through manufacturing orValue can be added through manufacturing or marketingmarketing Why Add Value
A jet fuel surrogate formulated by real fuel properties
Dooley, Stephen; Won, Sang Hee; Chaos, Marcos; Heyne, Joshua; Ju, Yiguang; Dryer, Frederick L. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Kumar, Kamal; Sung, Chih-Jen [School of Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States); Wang, Haowei; Oehlschlaeger, Matthew A. [Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY (United States); Santoro, Robert J.; Litzinger, Thomas A. [Propulsion Engineering Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA (United States)
2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
An implicit methodology based on chemical group theory to formulate a jet aviation fuel surrogate by the measurements of several combustion related fuel properties is tested. The empirical formula and derived cetane number of an actual aviation fuel, POSF 4658, have been determined. A three component surrogate fuel for POSF 4658 has been formulated by constraining a mixture of n-decane, iso-octane and toluene to reproduce the hydrogen/carbon ratio and derived cetane number of the target fuel. The validity of the proposed surrogate is evaluated by experimental measurement of select combustion properties of POSF 4658, and the POSF 4658 surrogate. (1)A variable pressure flow reactor has been used to chart the chemical reactivity of stoichiometric mixtures of POSF 4658/O{sub 2}/N{sub 2} and POSF 4658 surrogate/O{sub 2}/N{sub 2} at 12.5 atm and 500-1000 K, fixing the carbon content at 0.3% for both mixtures. (2)The high temperature chemical reactivity and chemical kinetic-molecular diffusion coupling of POSF 4658 and POSF 4658 surrogate have been evaluated by measurement of the strained extinction limit of diffusion flames. (3)The autoignition behavior of POSF 4658 and POSF 4658 surrogate has been measured with a shock tube at 674-1222 K and with a rapid compression machine at 645-714 K for stoichiometric mixtures of fuel in air at pressures close to 20 atm. The flow reactor study shows that the character and extent of chemical reactivity of both fuels at low temperature (500-675 K) and high temperature (900 K+) are extremely similar. Slight differences in the transition from the end of the negative temperature coefficient regime to hot ignition are observed. The diffusion flame strained extinction limits of the fuels are observed to be indistinguishable when compared on a molar basis. Ignition delay measurements also show that POSF 4658 exhibits NTC behavior. Moreover, the ignition delays of both fuels are also extremely similar over the temperature range studied in both shock tube and rapid compression machine experiments. A chemical kinetic model is constructed and utilized to interpret the experimental observations and provides a rationale as to why the real fuel and surrogate fuel exhibit such similar reactivity. (author)
Real-World Hydrogen Technology Validation: Preprint
Sprik, S.; Kurtz, J.; Wipke, K.; Ramsden, T.; Ainscough, C.; Eudy, L.; Saur, G.
2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Department of Energy, the Department of Defense's Defense Logistics Agency, and the Department of Transportation's Federal Transit Administration have funded learning demonstrations and early market deployments to provide insight into applications of hydrogen technologies on the road, in the warehouse, and as stationary power. NREL's analyses validate the technology in real-world applications, reveal the status of the technology, and facilitate the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, manufacturing, and operations. This paper presents the maintenance, safety, and operation data of fuel cells in multiple applications with the reported incidents, near misses, and frequencies. NREL has analyzed records of more than 225,000 kilograms of hydrogen that have been dispensed through more than 108,000 hydrogen fills with an excellent safety record.
Wise, Marcus B. (Kingston, TN); Thompson, Cyril V. (Knoxville, TN)
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An in-line gas monitor capable of accurate gas composition analysis in a continuous real time manner even under strong applied vacuum conditions operates by mixing an air sample with helium forming a sample gas in two complementary sample loops embedded in a manifold which includes two pairs of 3-way solenoid valves. The sample gas is then analyzed in an ion trap mass spectrometer on a continuous basis. Two valve drivers actuate the two pairs of 3-way valves in a reciprocating fashion, so that there is always flow through the in-line gas monitor via one or the other of the sample loops. The duty cycle for the two pairs of 3-way valves is varied by tuning the two valve drivers to a duty cycle typically between 0.2 to 0.7 seconds.
Wise, M.B.; Thompson, C.V.
1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
An in-line gas monitor capable of accurate gas composition analysis in a continuous real time manner even under strong applied vacuum conditions operates by mixing an air sample with helium forming a sample gas in two complementary sample loops embedded in a manifold which includes two pairs of 3-way solenoid valves. The sample gas is then analyzed in an ion trap mass spectrometer on a continuous basis. Two valve drivers actuate the two pairs of 3-way valves in a reciprocating fashion, so that there is always flow through the in-line gas monitor via one or the other of the sample loops. The duty cycle for the two pairs of 3-way valves is varied by tuning the two valve drivers to a duty cycle typically between 0.2 to 0.7 seconds. 3 figs.
The Clean Tech Revolution: Why It's Real
Loudon, Catherine
2014 2015 Total Market Value ($ billions) #12;4/1/2011 4 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 $0.0 $5.0 $10 Clean tech is a global phenomenon Even the... #12;4/1/2011 6 What areas are hot? in home energy Gov't Standards Smart Grid & Utility Enhancements Green Building Materials Energy Storage: Cars
Li, Xiaoqi
2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
has two main objectives. The first is an in-depth literature review on value stream mapping, especially concerning useful value stream mapping tools and the application of value stream mapping in construction industry. The literature review of value...
The Purpose and Value of Successful Technology Demonstrations...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
a single technology piloted in a couple different utilities? Or, must we integrate this technology with other technologies in a real-world environment to discover those...
Valuing Green in the Appraisal Process - Building America Top...
America Top Innovation Real estate appraisers have historically faced challenges with green and energy efficient homes, both in identifying comparables and in supporting...
Value of Academic Libraries Page 205 APPENDIX A ACADEMIC LIBRARY VALUE CHECKLIST
Oakleaf, Megan
Value of Academic Libraries Page 205 APPENDIX A ACADEMIC LIBRARY VALUE CHECKLIST Outcomes Define library outcomes in the context of institutional mission. Map library outcomes to institutional a library assessment plan. Conduct an institutional impact audit (Oakleaf, Are They Learning? 2011). Conduct
Field programmable gate array-assigned complex-valued computation and its limits
Bernard-Schwarz, Maria, E-mail: maria.bernardschwarz@ni.com [National Instruments, Ganghoferstrasse 70b, 80339 Munich (Germany); Institute of Applied Physics, TU Wien, Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8, 1040 Wien (Austria); Zwick, Wolfgang; Klier, Jochen [National Instruments, Ganghoferstrasse 70b, 80339 Munich (Germany); Wenzel, Lothar [National Instruments, 11500 N MOPac Expy, Austin, Texas 78759 (United States); Gröschl, Martin [Institute of Applied Physics, TU Wien, Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8, 1040 Wien (Austria)
2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss how leveraging Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) technology as part of a high performance computing platform reduces latency to meet the demanding real time constraints of a quantum optics simulation. Implementations of complex-valued operations using fixed point numeric on a Virtex-5 FPGA compare favorably to more conventional solutions on a central processing unit. Our investigation explores the performance of multiple fixed point options along with a traditional 64 bits floating point version. With this information, the lowest execution times can be estimated. Relative error is examined to ensure simulation accuracy is maintained.
Lagrangian Variational Framework for Boundary Value Problems
Alexander Figotin; Guillermo Reyes
2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z
A boundary value problem is commonly associated with constraints imposed on a system at its boundary. We advance here an alternative point of view treating the system as interacting "boundary" and "interior" subsystems. This view is implemented through a Lagrangian framework that allows to account for (i) a variety of forces including dissipative acting at the boundary; (ii) a multitude of features of interactions between the boundary and the interior fields when the boundary fields may differ from the boundary limit of the interior fields; (iii) detailed pictures of the energy distribution and its flow; (iv) linear and nonlinear effects. We provide a number of elucidating examples of the structured boundary and its interactions with the system interior. We also show that the proposed approach covers the well known boundary value problems.
ARM KAZR-ARSCL Value Added Product
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Jensen, Michael
The Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars (KAZRs) have replaced the long-serving Millimeter Cloud Radars, or MMCRs. Accordingly, the primary MMCR Value Added Product (VAP), the Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product, is being replaced by a KAZR-based version, the KAZR-ARSCL VAP. KAZR-ARSCL provides cloud boundaries and best-estimate time-height fields of radar moments.
ARM KAZR-ARSCL Value Added Product
Jensen, Michael
2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
The Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars (KAZRs) have replaced the long-serving Millimeter Cloud Radars, or MMCRs. Accordingly, the primary MMCR Value Added Product (VAP), the Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product, is being replaced by a KAZR-based version, the KAZR-ARSCL VAP. KAZR-ARSCL provides cloud boundaries and best-estimate time-height fields of radar moments.
Coprocessed nuclear fuels containing (U, Pu) values as oxides, carbides or carbonitrides
Lloyd, Milton H. (Oak Ridge, TN)
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Method for direct coprocessing of nuclear fuels derived from a product stream of a fuels reprocessing facility containing uranium, plutonium, and fission product values comprising nitrate stabilization of said stream vacuum concentration to remove water and nitrates, neutralization to form an acid deficient feed solution for the internal gelation mode of sol-gel technology, green spherule formation, recovery and treatment for loading into a fuel element by vibra packed or pellet formation technologies.
Coprocessed nuclear fuels containing (U, Pu) values as oxides, carbides or carbonitrides
Lloyd, M.H.
1981-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
Method for direct coprocessing of nuclear fuels derived from a product stream of fuels reprocessing facility containing uranium, plutonium, and fission product values comprising nitrate stabilization of said stream vacuum concentration to remove water and nitrates, neutralization to form an acid deficient feed solution for the internal gelation mode of sol-gel technology, green spherule formation, recovery and treatment for loading into a fuel element by vibra packed or pellet formation technologies.
Total Operators and Inhomogeneous Proper Values Equations
Jose G. Vargas
2015-07-09T23:59:59.000Z
Kaehler's two-sided angular momentum operator, K + 1, is neither vector-valued nor bivector-valued. It is total in the sense that it involves terms for all three dimensions. Constant idempotents that are "proper functions" of K+1's components are not proper functions of K+1. They rather satisfy "inhomogeneous proper-value equations", i.e. of the form (K + 1)U = {\\mu}U + {\\pi}, where {\\pi} is a scalar. We consider an equation of that type with K+1 replaced with operators T that comprise K + 1 as a factor, but also containing factors for both space and spacetime translations. We study the action of those T's on linear combinations of constant idempotents, so that only the algebraic (spin) part of K +1 has to be considered. {\\pi} is now, in general, a non-scalar member of a Kaehler algebra. We develop the system of equations to be satisfied by the combinations of those idempotents for which {\\pi} becomes a scalar. We solve for its solutions with {\\mu} = 0, which actually also makes {\\pi} = 0: The solutions with {\\mu} = {\\pi} = 0 all have three constituent parts, 36 of them being different in the ensemble of all such solutions. That set of different constituents is structured in such a way that we might as well be speaking of an algebraic representation of quarks. In this paper, however, we refrain from pursuing this identification in order to emphasize the purely mathematical nature of the argument.
Marsch, Eckart
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We first derive without recourse to the Dirac equation the two-component Majorana equation with a mass term by a direct linearization of the relativistic dispersion relation of a massive particle. Thereby, we make only use of the complex conjugation operator and the Pauli spin matrices, corresponding to the irreducible representation of the Lorentz group. Then we derive the complex two-component eigenfunctions of the Majorana equation and the related quantum fields in a concise way, by exploiting the so called chirality conjugation operator that involves the spin-flip operator. Subsequently, the four-component spinor solutions of the real Majorana equation are derived, and their intrinsic relations with the spinors of the complex two-component version of the Majorana equation are revealed and discussed extensively.
Eckart Marsch
2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z
We first derive without recourse to the Dirac equation the two-component Majorana equation with a mass term by a direct linearization of the relativistic dispersion relation of a massive particle. Thereby, we make only use of the complex conjugation operator and the Pauli spin matrices, corresponding to the irreducible representation of the Lorentz group. Then we derive the complex two-component eigenfunctions of the Majorana equation and the related quantum fields in a concise way, by exploiting the so called chirality conjugation operator that involves the spin-flip operator. Subsequently, the four-component spinor solutions of the real Majorana equation are derived, and their intrinsic relations with the spinors of the complex two-component version of the Majorana equation are revealed and discussed extensively.
One-way, real time wave front converters
Kwong, S.; Yariv, A.
1986-03-03T23:59:59.000Z
Optical one-way, real time wave front cleanup by means of photorefractively pumped oscillators is reported. A factor of 4000 increase in beam brightness has been achieved.
Automatic Performance Visualization of Distributed Real-time systems
Harmon, Trevor; Klefstad, Raymond
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Automatic Performance Visualization of Distributed Real-Timepro?l- ing tools with automatic instrumentation and dataprocedure was not entirely automatic be- cause, as explained
Real-Time Dispatchability of Bulk Power Systems with Volatile ...
2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
the concept of real-time dispatchability (RTDA) of power systems with variable energy resources .... eration control, economic dispatch and unit commitment. Ref
Optimization Online - Stochastic Real-Time Scheduling of Wind ...
Alireza Soroudi
2015-01-03T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 3, 2015 ... Stochastic Real-Time Scheduling of Wind-thermal Generation Units in an Electric Utility. Alireza Soroudi (alireza.soroudi ***at*** ucd.ie)
Real-Time Simultaneous Measurements of Size, Density, and Composition...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
of Size, Density, and Composition of Single Ultrafine Diesel Tailpipe Particles Real-Time Simultaneous Measurements of Size, Density, and Composition of Single Ultrafine Diesel...
Mastermind Session: Connecting the Dots Between the Real Estate...
Mastermind Session: Connecting the Dots Between the Real Estate Market and Residential Energy Efficiency Better Buildings Residential Network Program Sustainability Series...
Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency -- Update on Program...
Efficiency -- Update on Program Experience Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency -- Update on Program Experience Better Buildings Residential Network Program Sustainability...
Business Models Guide: Real Estate Agent | Department of Energy
and a broad knowledge of the industry, real estate agents are natural advocates for smart energy efficiency upgrades. realestateagent.pdf More Documents & Publications...
An Improved Algorithm for Quanti er Elimination Over Real Closed ...
2015-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
An Improved Algorithm for Quanti er Elimination Over Real Closed. Fields. Saugata Basu. Mathematical Sciences Department. IBM T.J.Watson Research Center.
Unified Modeling of Complex Real-Time Control Systems
Hai, He; Chi-Lan, Cai
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Complex real-time control system is a software dense and algorithms dense system, which needs modern software engineering techniques to design. UML is an object-oriented industrial standard modeling language, used more and more in real-time domain. This paper first analyses the advantages and problems of using UML for real-time control systems design. Then, it proposes an extension of UML-RT to support time-continuous subsystems modeling. So we can unify modeling of complex real-time control systems on UML-RT platform, from requirement analysis, model design, simulation, until generation code.
Optimization Online - Real-Time Dispatchability of Bulk Power ...
Wei Wei
2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
Mar 16, 2015 ... Real-Time Dispatchability of Bulk Power Systems with Volatile Renewable Generations. Wei Wei (wei-wei04 ***at*** mails.tsinghua.edu.cn)
Asset Score Webinar Slides: Real Estate and Design Professionals...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Score Webinar Slides: Real Estate and Design Professionals The Asset Score is a free, web-based software tool developed by DOE and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory...
High ethanol producing derivatives of Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus
Ljungdahl, Lars G. (Athens, GA); Carriera, Laura H. (Athens, GA)
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Derivatives of the newly discovered microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus which under anaerobic and thermophilic conditions continuously ferment substrates such as starch, cellobiose, glucose, xylose and other sugars to produce recoverable amounts of ethanol solving the problem of fermentations yielding low concentrations of ethanol using the parent strain of the microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus are disclosed. These new derivatives are ethanol tolerant up to 10% (v/v) ethanol during fermentation. The process includes the use of an aqueous fermentation medium, containing the substrate at a substrate concentration greater than 1% (w/v).
High ethanol producing derivatives of Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus
Ljungdahl, L.G.; Carriera, L.H.
1983-05-24T23:59:59.000Z
Derivatives of the newly discovered microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus which under anaerobic and thermophilic conditions continuously ferment substrates such as starch, cellobiose, glucose, xylose and other sugars to produce recoverable amounts of ethanol solving the problem of fermentations yielding low concentrations of ethanol using the parent strain of the microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus are disclosed. These new derivatives are ethanol tolerant up to 10% (v/v) ethanol during fermentation. The process includes the use of an aqueous fermentation medium, containing the substrate at a substrate concentration greater than 1% (w/v).
Noda, Masashi; Ishimura, Kazuya; Nobusada, Katsuyuki [Institute for Molecular Science, Myodaiji, Okazaki, Aichi 444-8585 (Japan); Yabana, Kazuhiro; Boku, Taisuke [Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 (Japan)
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
A highly efficient program of massively parallel calculations for electron dynamics has been developed in an effort to apply the method to optical response of nanostructures of more than ten-nanometers in size. The approach is based on time-dependent density functional theory calculations in real-time and real-space. The computational code is implemented by using simple algorithms with a finite-difference method in space derivative and Taylor expansion in time-propagation. Since the computational program is free from the algorithms of eigenvalue problems and fast-Fourier-transformation, which are usually implemented in conventional quantum chemistry or band structure calculations, it is highly suitable for massively parallel calculations. Benchmark calculations using the K computer at RIKEN demonstrate that the parallel efficiency of the program is very high on more than 60?000 CPU cores. The method is applied to optical response of arrays of C{sub 60} orderly nanostructures of more than 10 nm in size. The computed absorption spectrum is in good agreement with the experimental observation.
Martin Wilde, Principal Investigator
2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
ABSTRACT Application of Real-Time Offsite Measurements in Improved Short-Term Wind Ramp Prediction Skill Improved forecasting performance immediately preceding wind ramp events is of preeminent concern to most wind energy companies, system operators, and balancing authorities. The value of near real-time hub height-level wind data and more general meteorological measurements to short-term wind power forecasting is well understood. For some sites, access to onsite measured wind data - even historical - can reduce forecast error in the short-range to medium-range horizons by as much as 50%. Unfortunately, valuable free-stream wind measurements at tall tower are not typically available at most wind plants, thereby forcing wind forecasters to rely upon wind measurements below hub height and/or turbine nacelle anemometry. Free-stream measurements can be appropriately scaled to hub-height levels, using existing empirically-derived relationships that account for surface roughness and turbulence. But there is large uncertainty in these relationships for a given time of day and state of the boundary layer. Alternatively, forecasts can rely entirely on turbine anemometry measurements, though such measurements are themselves subject to wake effects that are not stationary. The void in free-stream hub-height level measurements of wind can be filled by remote sensing (e.g., sodar, lidar, and radar). However, the expense of such equipment may not be sustainable. There is a growing market for traditional anemometry on tall tower networks, maintained by third parties to the forecasting process (i.e., independent of forecasters and the forecast users). This study examines the value of offsite tall-tower data from the WINDataNOW Technology network for short-horizon wind power predictions at a wind farm in northern Montana. The presentation shall describe successful physical and statistical techniques for its application and the practicality of its application in an operational setting. It shall be demonstrated that when used properly, the real-time offsite measurements materially improve wind ramp capture and prediction statistics, when compared to traditional wind forecasting techniques and to a simple persistence model.
Otálora Castro, José Camilo
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Real estate investment is becoming increasingly international. Deregulation and integration of global capital markets, growth of emerging market economies, demographic trends in developed economies, and geopolitical and ...
Burgett, Bonnie L. (Bonnie Leigh)
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis systematically evaluates how rapid developments in the nascent crowdfunding industry, combined with recent regulatory changes, will impact the commercial real estate markets. The phenomenon of crowdfunding, ...
Nutritive value of hydrolyzed feather meal
McCasland, William Edward
1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
al. 1955) indicates that pepsin digestibility, while furnishing valuable information regarding the nutritive value of some samples, may not always be reliable as a guide to feeding quality. Therefore, it was decided to determine if proteolytic... to sapplenenc Lhc hyarolyz . I f" lb. rs tn crcer to promote growth. I foe miso ac io compo at Ion;;r tf e I . ' theta, as previously shot!n, indicated that t he Feathers w re low in rsethrontne Lysins ?hi rid inc, and slightly Iow in t. yrosine ano phenyl...
The Rebate Value Process with Some Applications
Welch, Nathan M.
2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
short-rate process (i.e., a stochastic interest rate) {rt}t?0, which is assumed non-negative and adapted, and a discount process Dt := exp ( ? ˆ t 0 rsds ) , t ? 0. (1.1) Because P is a risk-neutral measure, if {St}t?0 is the price process of an asset... that makes no cash-flow payments (dividends), then the discounted price process {DtSt}t?0 is a P-martingale, see [20][p. 216]. Related to the stochastic discount factor D is a Zero Coupon Bond (ZCB). The value of a ZCB with maturity s at time t ? s is Bst = E...
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey Inside the PresentationsjobsClimate Change Project Is theOnlineReliabilityPV ValueÂ® Home
Fermilab | Employee Advisory Group | Value Statement
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville Power AdministrationHawaiiEnergyFlorida July 9, 2009 NAME:Internal Audit ServicesOfficesGroupGroupValue
Methods of valuing and pricing inventories
Futch, George Peyton
1947-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of the war period. It is intended that this paper will be of service in clearing up some of the controversial points of inventory valuing and pricing and aid in standardizing inventory methods GENERAL ASPECTS OF INVENTORIES The advent of the income tax... taxpayer should be' consistent from year to year, and greater weight is to be given to consistency than to any particular method of inventorying or basis of valuation so long as the method or basis used is substantia11y in accord with these regu1ations...
Jonestown Quadruple Net Value Report- Lake Boys
Cheek, Joseph; Davis, Zachary; Guerra, Daniel; McIntyre, Scott; Bishop, William; Hoff, Austin; Hernandez, Alex; Stewart, Sean; Kulka, William; Whitis, Dillon
2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z
the brave men and women who have served for our country. The no name trail connects Jones Brothers Park to downtown Conclusions: Jonestown has a lot of great open public land to gather for a picnic, large company event, play a game of football... to city leadership on how these aspects can be improved in accordance with Quadruple Net Value theory. The team met at city hall and was guided through the major parks, restaurants and other features of Jonestown to make our assessment. The major...
Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values
Ashurst, W. Robert
Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values Mass 1 kg = 1000 g = 0.001 metric ton = 2.921 inHg at 0 C Energy 1 J = 1 N·m = 107 ergs = 107 dyne·cm = 2.778×10-7 kW·h 1 J = 0.23901 cal = 0·R 10.73 psia·ft3 lbmol·R 62.36 liter·torr mol·K 0.7302 ft3·atm lbmol·R Temperature Conversions: T
Biofuels and bio-products derived from
Ginzel, Matthew
NEED Biofuels and bio- products derived from lignocellulosic biomass (plant materials) are part improve the energy and carbon efficiencies of biofuels production from a barrel of biomass using chemical and thermal catalytic mechanisms. The Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels IMPACT
Wind information derived from hot air
Haak, Hein
Wind information derived from hot air balloon flights for use in short term wind forecasts E Introduction/Motivation Hot air balloons as wind measuring device Setup of nested HIRLAM models Results · Three, The Nertherlands #12;Hot air balloon ·Displacement/time unit = wind speed ·Vertical resolution 30m ·Inertia (500 kg
Higher Derivative D-brane Couplings
Guo, Guangyu
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
supersymmetry. In the third part, we obtain the higher derivative D-brane action by using both linearized T-duality and string disc amplitude computation. We evaluate disc amplitude of one R-R field C^(p-3) and two NS-NS fields in the presence of a single Dp...
Background and Motivation Biomass derived syngas contains
Das, Suman
Background and Motivation · Biomass derived syngas contains: CO, H2, small hydrocarbons, H2S shown to be effective for syngas conditioning 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 0 1 2 3 Co2+(molm-2
Derivation of a poroelastic flexural shell model
Mikelic, Andro
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we investigate the limit behavior of the solution to quasi-static Biot's equations in thin poroelastic flexural shells as the thickness of the shell tends to zero and extend the results obtained for the poroelastic plate by Marciniak-Czochra and Mikeli\\'c. We choose Terzaghi's time corresponding to the shell thickness and obtain the strong convergence of the three-dimensional solid displacement, fluid pressure and total poroelastic stress to the solution of the new class of shell equations. The derived bending equation is coupled with the pressure equation and it contains the bending moment due to the variation in pore pressure across the shell thickness. The effective pressure equation is parabolic only in the normal direction. As additional terms it contains the time derivative of the middle-surface flexural strain. Derivation of the model presents an extension of the results on the derivation of classical linear elastic shells by Ciarlet and collaborators to the poroelastic shells case. The n...
Derivation of a Stochastic Neutron Transport Equation
Edward J. Allen
2010-04-14T23:59:59.000Z
Stochastic difference equations and a stochastic partial differential equation (SPDE) are simultaneously derived for the time-dependent neutron angular density in a general three-dimensional medium where the neutron angular density is a function of position, direction, energy, and time. Special cases of the equations are given such as transport in one-dimensional plane geometry with isotropic scattering and transport in a homogeneous medium. The stochastic equations are derived from basic principles, i.e., from the changes that occur in a small time interval. Stochastic difference equations of the neutron angular density are constructed, taking into account the inherent randomness in scatters, absorptions, and source neutrons. As the time interval decreases, the stochastic difference equations lead to a system of Ito stochastic differential equations (SDEs). As the energy, direction, and position intervals decrease, an SPDE is derived for the neutron angular density. Comparisons between numerical solutions of the stochastic difference equations and independently formulated Monte Carlo calculations support the accuracy of the derivations.
Isatin Derivatives as Inhibitors of Microtubule Assembly
Beckman, Karen
2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis describes the rationale, design, and syntheses of derivatives of isatin (1-H-indole-2,3-dione). Isatin was identified, during a high throughput screen of 10,000 compounds, as a potential scaffold for microtubule-destabilizing agents...
Constraining Higher Derivative Supergravity with Scattering Amplitudes
Yifan Wang; Xi Yin
2015-03-05T23:59:59.000Z
We study supersymmetry constraints on higher derivative deformations of type IIB supergravity by consideration of superamplitudes. Combining constraints of on-shell supervertices and basic results from string perturbation theory, we give a simple argument for the non-renormalization theorem of Green and Sethi, and some of its generalizations.
High speed point derivative microseismic detector
Uhl, James Eugene (Albuquerque, NM); Warpinski, Norman Raymond (Albuquerque, NM); Whetten, Ernest Blayne (Albuquerque, NM)
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A high speed microseismic event detector constructed in accordance with the present invention uses a point derivative comb to quickly and accurately detect microseismic events. Compressional and shear waves impinging upon microseismic receiver stations disposed to collect waves are converted into digital data and analyzed using a point derivative comb including assurance of quiet periods prior to declaration of microseismic events. If a sufficient number of quiet periods have passed, the square of a two point derivative of the incoming digital signal is compared to a trip level threshold exceeding the determined noise level to declare a valid trial event. The squaring of the derivative emphasizes the differences between noise and signal, and the valid event is preferably declared when the trip threshold has been exceeded over a temporal comb width to realize a comb over a given time period. Once a trial event has been declared, the event is verified through a spatial comb, which applies the temporal event comb to additional stations. The detector according to the present invention quickly and accurately detects initial compressional waves indicative of a microseismic event which typically exceed the ambient cultural noise level by a small amount, and distinguishes the waves from subsequent larger amplitude shear waves.
High speed point derivative microseismic detector
Uhl, J.E.; Warpinski, N.R.; Whetten, E.B.
1998-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
A high speed microseismic event detector constructed in accordance with the present invention uses a point derivative comb to quickly and accurately detect microseismic events. Compressional and shear waves impinging upon microseismic receiver stations disposed to collect waves are converted into digital data and analyzed using a point derivative comb including assurance of quiet periods prior to declaration of microseismic events. If a sufficient number of quiet periods have passed, the square of a two point derivative of the incoming digital signal is compared to a trip level threshold exceeding the determined noise level to declare a valid trial event. The squaring of the derivative emphasizes the differences between noise and signal, and the valid event is preferably declared when the trip threshold has been exceeded over a temporal comb width to realize a comb over a given time period. Once a trial event has been declared, the event is verified through a spatial comb, which applies the temporal event comb to additional stations. The detector according to the present invention quickly and accurately detects initial compressional waves indicative of a microseismic event which typically exceed the ambient cultural noise level by a small amount, and distinguishes the waves from subsequent larger amplitude shear waves. 9 figs.
Jeyapaul, Anand
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to Real-Time Information. (December 1992) Anand Jeyapaul, B. Tech. , Indian Institute of Technology Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Conrad L. Dudek A work-based telephone survey of commuters in Dallas was done primarily to study if the motorists... such as age, sex, average travel time, and importance of arriving at work on time. Using the survey, motorist time savings values were obtained for four hypothetical radio traffic advisory messages, designed to vary alternative route and congestion location...
Isolation of levoglucosan from pyrolysis oil derived from cellulose
Moens, L.
1994-12-06T23:59:59.000Z
High purity levoglucosan is obtained from pyrolysis oil derived from cellulose by: mixing pyrolysis oil with water and a basic metal hydroxide, oxide, or salt in amount sufficient to elevate pH values to a range of from about 12 to about 12.5, and adding an amount of the hydroxide, oxide, or salt in excess of the amount needed to obtain the pH range until colored materials of impurities from the oil are removed and a slurry is formed; drying the slurry azeotropically with methyl isobutyl ketone solvent to form a residue, and further drying the residue by evaporation; reducing the residue into a powder; continuously extracting the powder residue with ethyl acetate to provide a levoglucosan-rich extract; and concentrating the extract by removing ethyl acetate to provide crystalline levoglucosan. Preferably, Ca(OH)[sub 2] is added to adjust the pH to the elevated values, and then Ca(OH)[sub 2] is added in an excess amount needed. 3 figures.
Isolation of levoglucosan from pyrolysis oil derived from cellulose
Moens, Luc (Lakewood, CO)
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
High purity levoglucosan is obtained from pyrolysis oil derived from cellulose by: mixing pyrolysis oil with water and a basic metal hydroxide, oxide, or salt in amount sufficient to elevate pH values to a range of from about 12 to about 12.5, and adding an amount of the hydroxide, oxide, or salt in excess of the amount needed to obtain the pH range until colored materials of impurities from the oil are removed and a slurry is formed; drying the slurry azeotropically with methyl isobutyl ketone solvent to form a residue, and further drying the residue by evaporation; reducing the residue into a powder; continuously extracting the powder residue with ethyl acetate to provide a levoglucosan-rich extract; and concentrating the extract by removing ethyl acetate to provide crystalline levoglucosan. Preferably, Ca(OH).sub.2 is added to adjust the pH to the elevated values, and then Ca(OH).sub.2 is added in an excess amount needed.
Experimental constraints on the $?$-nucleus real potential
S. Friedrich; K. Makonyi; V. Metag; D. Bayadilov; B. Bantes; R. Beck; Y. A. Beloglazov; S. Böse; K. -T. Brinkmann; Th. Challand; V. Crede; T. Dahlke; F. Dietz; P. Drexler; H. Eberhardt; D. Elsner; R. Ewald; K. Fornet-Ponse; F. Frommberger; Ch. Funke; M. Gottschall; A. Gridnev; M. Grüner; E. Gutz; Ch. Hammann; D. Hammann; J. Hannappel; J. Hartmann; W. Hillert; S. Hirenzaki; P. Hoffmeister; Ch. Honisch; I. Jaegle; D. Kaiser; H. Kalinowsky; S. Kammer; I. Keshelashvili; V. Kleber; F. Klein; B. Krusche; M. Lang; I. V. Lopatin; Y. Maghrbi; M. Nanova; H. Nagahiro; J. Müller; T. Odenthal; D. Piontek; T. Rostomyan; S. Schaepe; Ch. Schmidt; H. Schmieden; R. Schmitz; T. Seifen; A. Thiel; U. Thoma; H. van Pee; D. Walther; J. Weil; Ch. Wendel; U. Wiedner; A. Wilson; A. Winnebeck; F. Zenke
2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
In a search for $\\omega$ mesic states, the production of $\\omega$-mesons in coincidence with forward going protons has been studied in photon induced reactions on $^{12}$C for incident photon energies of 1250 - 3100 MeV. The $\\pi^0 \\gamma$ pairs from decays of bound or quasi-free $\\omega$-mesons have been measured with the CBELSA/TAPS detector system in coincidence with protons registered in the MiniTAPS forward array. Structures in the total energy distribution of the $\\pi^0 \\gamma$ pairs, which would indicate the population and decay of bound $\\omega~^{11}$B states, are not observed. The $\\pi^0 \\gamma$ cross section of 0.3 nb/MeV/sr observed in the bound state energy regime between -100 and 0 MeV may be accounted for by yield leaking into the bound state regime because of the large in-medium width of the $\\omega$-meson. A comparison of the measured total energy distribution with calculations suggests the real part $V_0$ of the $\\omega~^{11}$B potential to be small and only weakly attractive with $V_0(\\rho=\\rho_0) = -15\\pm$ 35(stat) $\\pm$20(syst) MeV in contrast to some theoretical predictions of attractive potentials with a depth of 100 - 150 MeV.
Optimizing near real time accountability for reprocessing.
Cipiti, Benjamin B.
2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Near Real Time Accountability (NRTA) of actinides at high precision in reprocessing plants has been a long sought-after goal in the safeguards community. Achieving this goal is hampered by the difficulty of making precision measurements in the reprocessing environment, equipment cost, and impact to plant operations. Thus the design of future reprocessing plants requires an optimization of different approaches. The Separations and Safeguards Performance Model, developed at Sandia National Laboratories, was used to evaluate a number of NRTA strategies in a UREX+ reprocessing plant. Strategies examined include the incorporation of additional actinide measurements of internal plant vessels, more use of process monitoring data, and the option of periodic draining of inventory to key tanks. Preliminary results show that the addition of measurement technologies can increase the overall measurement uncertainty due to additional error propagation, so care must be taken when designing an advanced system. Initial results also show that relying on a combination of different NRTA techniques will likely be the best option. The model provides a platform for integrating all the data. The modeling results for the different NRTA options under various material loss conditions will be presented.
Real-Time Networked Control with Multiple Clients
Lee, Minhyung
2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
robot referred to as Clients 1, 2, and 3, respectively were used as Networked-Based-control (NCS) test beds to validate the proposed strategies. For real-time operation, Linux with Real-Time Application Interface (RTAI) and Control and Measurement...
Real-Time Plasma Control Tools for Advanced Tokamak Operation
Varandas, C. A. F.; Sousa, J.; Rodrigues, A. P.; Carvalho, B. B.; Fernandes, H.; Batista, A. J.; Cruz, N.; Combo, A.; Pereira, R. C. [Centro de FuSao Nuclear, Associacao Euratom/IST, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, P-1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)
2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z
Real-time control will play an important role in the operation and scientific exploitation of the new generation fusion devices. This paper summarizes the real-time systems and diagnostics developed by the Portuguese Fusion Euratom Association based on digital signal processors and field programmable gate arrays.
Roadmap for Real World Internet applications Socioeconomic scenarios
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Roadmap for Real World Internet applications Socioeconomic scenarios and design recommendations that is feasible to roadmap the dynamic deployment of Real World Internet applications. A multi- faceted scenarios. These scenarios are used as a roadmap for the system and architecture deployment. The application
Revista de la Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas,
Díaz, Jesús Ildefonso
1 23 Revista de la Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales. Serie A. Matematicas inaugurated a research journal, called the Revista de la Real Aca- demia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y with the name Revista de los progre- sos de las Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, consisted of little more
Real-Time Control with Parametric Timed Reachability Games
Boyer, Edmond
for the controller for the system, modeled as a timed automaton. Such a controller says when and which of someReal-Time Control with Parametric Timed Reachability Games A. Jovanovi S. Faucou D. Lime O. H control problems on real-time systems. A timed reachability game consists in finding a strategy
Jacobi forms over totally real number elds Howard Skogman
Skogman, Howard
Jacobi forms over totally real number #12;elds Howard Skogman 0 2000 Mathematics Subject Classi#12;cation: 11F50 1 #12; Abstract We de#12;ne Jacobi forms over a totally real algebraic number #12;eld K upper half space respectively. Then symplectic modular forms are created and Jacobi forms arise
Practical Data Prediction for Real-World Wireless Sensor Networks
Picco, Gian Pietro
1 Practical Data Prediction for Real-World Wireless Sensor Networks Usman Raza, Alessandro Camerra-wide gains, are key in determining the practical usefulness of data prediction in real-world WSN applications the data suppression rates above. To fully achieve the energy savings enabled by data prediction, the data
FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Real-time High-Performance
FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Real-time High-Performance Computing Infrastructure for Next- Generation Power Grid Analysis OBJECTIVE » We are developing infrastructure, software, formal models for real constraints » Application to power grid - To analyze large amounts of streaming sensor data (e.g., PMUs, smart
Mining, Modeling, and Analyzing Real-Time Social Trails
Kamath, Krishna Y
2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
Real-time social systems are the fastest growing phenomena on the web, enabling millions of users to generate, share, and consume content on a massive scale. These systems are manifestations of a larger trend toward the global sharing of the real...
Real-Time Message Routing and Scheduling Ronald Koch1
Nabben, Reinhard
Real-Time Message Routing and Scheduling Ronald Koch1 , Britta Peis1 , Martin Skutella1.math.tu-berlin.de/coga/ Abstract. Exchanging messages between nodes of a network (e.g., em- bedded computers) is a fundamental issue in real-time systems involving critical routing and scheduling decisions. In order for messages
14 ACCOUNTANTS TODAY September 2005 Real Estate Sector
Quartly, Graham
fiscal measures to stimulate the growth of real estate investment trusts (REITs) in Malaysia. A REIT growth of 4.9 and 6.5 per cent in the real estate sector for the years 2003 and 2004 (National Product treatment including tax treatment. Failure to com- ply with the rules and regulations may result
Power Minimisation for Real-time Dataflow Applications
Kuzmanov, Georgi
at lower frequencies on hardware resources thereby consuming less power. Real-time applications have for dataflow modelled real-time applications that may be mapped onto multiple hardware resources. We achieve this by using an application's static slack in order to perform DVFS while still satisfying the application
Flexible Scheduling Methods and Tools for Real-Time Control
, and real-time control systems constitute an important subclass of these embedded systems. Modern automoFlexible Scheduling Methods and Tools for Real-Time Control Systems Dan Henriksson Department- tive systems, e.g., contain several embedded ECUs (electronic control units) used for various feedback
EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS FOR TWO VARIABLE REAL ANALYTIC FUNCTION GERMS
EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS FOR TWO VARIABLE REAL ANALYTIC FUNCTION GERMS SATOSHI KOIKE & ADAM PARUSI´NSKI Abstract. For two variable real analytic function germs we compare the blow- analytic equivalence in the sense of Kuo to the other natural equivalence relations. Our main theorem states that C1 equivalent
Real-Time Computing Using GPUs The Challenge
Pollefeys, Marc
-time constraints exist. For example, envisioned automated automotive systems will require real-time sensing applications on heterogeneous platforms that may have multiple CPUs and GPUs. The Approach This goal-time applications implemented on GPU-enabled multicore platforms. This project will contribute new real
The Wavelet Dimension Function for Real Dilations and Dilations Admitting
Bownik, Marcin
The Wavelet Dimension Function for Real Dilations and Dilations Admitting non-MSF Wavelets Marcin Bownik and Darrin Speegle Abstract. The wavelet dimension function for arbitrary real dila- tions is defined and used to address several questions involving the existence of MRA wavelets and well
Strategic Management for Real-Time Business Intelligence
Palpanas, Themis
Strategic Management for Real-Time Business Intelligence Konstantinos Zoumpatianos, Themis Palpanas directions. 1 Introduction Strategic Management (SM) is concerned with the continuous evaluation and control-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013 #12;Strategic Management for Real-Time Business Intelligence 119 occur and keep
A TECHNIQUE FOR TESTING HIGHLY RELIABLE REAL-TIME SOFTWARE
Bieman, James M.
Task Plan ® A TECHNIQUE FOR TESTING HIGHLY RELIABLE REAL-TIME SOFTWARE Slide Presentation Biography that uses executable specifications based on Annotated Ada (Anna) for software testing in hard real process and does not interfere with the software under test. 1.0 INTRODUCTION Automating the verification
Data Mining in the Real World: Experiences, Challenges, and Recommendations
Weiss, Gary
Data Mining in the Real World: Experiences, Challenges, and Recommendations Gary M. Weiss Department of Computer and Information Science, Fordham University, Bronx, NY, USA Abstract - Data mining- ceptance. However, applying data mining methods to complex real-world tasks is far from straightforward
Deviational analyses for validating regulations on real systems
Kelly, Tim
Deviational analyses for validating regulations on real systems Fiona Polack, Thitima Srivatanakul to the validation of reg- ulations, in the sense of their application of regulations to real systems. Keyword: deviational analysis, dependability, regulation validation 1 Background Regulations are intended to control
Phosphine oxide derivatives as hosts for blue phosphors: A joint...
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oxide derivatives as hosts for blue phosphors: A joint theoretical and experimental study of their electronic Phosphine oxide derivatives as hosts for blue phosphors: A joint...
Exploring Hydrogen Generation from Biomass-Derived Sugar and...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Exploring Hydrogen Generation from Biomass-Derived Sugar and Sugar Alcohols to Reduce Costs Exploring Hydrogen Generation from Biomass-Derived Sugar and Sugar Alcohols to Reduce...
Low-Emissions Burner Technology using Biomass-Derived Liquid...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Low-Emissions Burner Technology using Biomass-Derived Liquid Fuels Low-Emissions Burner Technology using Biomass-Derived Liquid Fuels This factsheet describes a project that...
Progress toward Biomass and Coal-Derived Syngas Warm Cleanup...
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Progress toward Biomass and Coal-Derived Syngas Warm Cleanup: Proof-of-Concept Process Demonstration of Multicontaminant Removal Progress toward Biomass and Coal-Derived Syngas...
Interaction of coal-derived synthesis gas impurities with solid...
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coal-derived synthesis gas impurities with solid oxide fuel cell metallic components. Interaction of coal-derived synthesis gas impurities with solid oxide fuel cell metallic...
Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Targets (Presentation) Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets (Presentation) Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming...
Agenda for the Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review Agenda for the Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed...
Detailed Characterization of Lubricant-Derived Ash-Related Species...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Characterization of Lubricant-Derived Ash-Related Species in Diesel Exhaust and Aftertreatment Systems Detailed Characterization of Lubricant-Derived Ash-Related Species in Diesel...
BILIWG Meeting: High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation) BILIWG Meeting: High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation) Presented at the 2007...
Investigating Army systems and Systems of Systems for value robustness
Koo, Kevin C. K. (Kevin Cheng Keong)
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis proposes a value robustness approach to architect defense systems and Systems of Systems (SoS). A value robust system or SoS has the ability to provide continued value to stakeholders by performing well to meet ...
Managing unarticulated value : changeability in multi-attribute tradespace exploration
Ross, Adam Michael, 1977-
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A framework for creating value robust systems in the face of changing value perceptions during the architecture and design of systems is proposed. Both unarticulated value, that which is not explicitly communicated to ...
Loop-closure events during protein folding: Rationalizing the shape of Phi-value distributions
Thomas R. Weikl
2005-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
In the past years, the folding kinetics of many small single-domain proteins has been characterized by mutational Phi-value analysis. In this article, a simple, essentially parameter-free model is introduced which derives folding routes from native structures by minimizing the entropic loop-closure cost during folding. The model predicts characteristic folding sequences of structural elements such as helices and beta-strand pairings. Based on few simple rules, the kinetic impact of these structural elements is estimated from the routes and compared to average experimental Phi-values for the helices and strands of 15 small, well-characterized proteins. The comparison leads on average to a correlation coefficient of 0.62 for all proteins with polarized Phi-value distributions, and 0.74 if distributions with negative average Phi-values are excluded. The diffuse Phi-value distributions of the remaining proteins are reproduced correctly. The model shows that Phi-value distributions, averaged over secondary structural elements, can often be traced back to entropic loop-closure events, but also indicates energetic preferences in the case of a few proteins governed by parallel folding processes.
Weak values and weak coupling maximizing the output of weak measurements
Di Lorenzo, Antonio, E-mail: dilorenzo.antonio@gmail.com
2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
In a weak measurement, the average output ?o? of a probe that measures an observable A{sup -hat} of a quantum system undergoing both a preparation in a state ?{sub i} and a postselection in a state E{sub f} is, to a good approximation, a function of the weak value A{sub w}=Tr[E{sub f}A{sup -hat} ?{sub i}]/Tr[E{sub f}?{sub i}], a complex number. For a fixed coupling ?, when the overlap Tr[E{sub f}?{sub i}] is very small, A{sub w} diverges, but ?o? stays finite, often tending to zero for symmetry reasons. This paper answers the questions: what is the weak value that maximizes the output for a fixed coupling? What is the coupling that maximizes the output for a fixed weak value? We derive equations for the optimal values of A{sub w} and ?, and provide the solutions. The results are independent of the dimensionality of the system, and they apply to a probe having a Hilbert space of arbitrary dimension. Using the Schrödinger–Robertson uncertainty relation, we demonstrate that, in an important case, the amplification ?o? cannot exceed the initial uncertainty ?{sub o} in the observable o{sup -hat}, we provide an upper limit for the more general case, and a strategy to obtain ?o???{sub o}. - Highlights: •We have provided a general framework to find the extremal values of a weak measurement. •We have derived the location of the extremal values in terms of preparation and postselection. •We have devised a maximization strategy going beyond the limit of the Schrödinger–Robertson relation.
Cognitive Energy Value Chain: Leveraging Big Data to Optimize Energy
Birg, G.; Reitmeier, T.
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
: Capability Value Drivers ? Current Gross Margin Understand the gross margin value being generated by each component of the business ? Sensitivity Analyses Understand the value associated with incrementing any or all aspects of the business and the impact...: Capability Value Drivers ? Current Gross Margin Understand the gross margin value being generated by each component of the business ? Sensitivity Analyses Understand the value associated with incrementing any or all aspects of the business and the impact...
Aerosol Best Estimate Value-Added Product
Flynn, C; Turner, D; Koontz, A; Chand, D; Sivaraman, C
2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z
The objective of the Aerosol Best Estimate (AEROSOLBE) value-added product (VAP) is to provide vertical profiles of aerosol extinction, single scatter albedo, asymmetry parameter, and Angstroem exponents for the atmospheric column above the Central Facility at the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. We expect that AEROSOLBE will provide nearly continuous estimates of aerosol optical properties under a range of conditions (clear, broken clouds, overcast clouds, etc.). The primary requirement of this VAP was to provide an aerosol data set as continuous as possible in both time and height for the Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP in order to provide a structure for the comprehensive assessment of our ability to model atmospheric radiative transfer for all conditions. Even though BBHRP has been completed, AEROSOLBE results are very valuable for environmental, atmospheric, and climate research.
Real time or faster-than-real-time simulation of airflow in buildings Wangda Zuo Qingyan Chen*
Chen, Qingyan "Yan"
Real time or faster-than-real-time simulation of airflow in buildings Wangda Zuo Qingyan Chen flow simulation is crucial for emergency management in buildings, such as fire and accidental or intentional release of chemical/biological agents (contaminants). The simulation results can then be used
Broughton, S. Allen
1 Equivalence of Real Elliptic CurvesEquivalence of Real Elliptic Curves Part 2Part 2 -- Birational EquivalenceBirational Equivalence Allen Broughton Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology #12;2 CreditsCredits Discussion with Ken McMurdy #12;3 OutlineOutline -- 11 Recap of linear equivalence Complex elliptic curves
Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value)-Modeling and Analysis of Value of Advanced Pumped Storage Hydropower in the U.S. Pumped Storage Hydropower...
Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity...
Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The purpose of this...
The Value of Distributed Generation and CHP Resources in Wholesale...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
The Value of Distributed Generation and CHP Resources in Wholesale Power Markets, September 2005 The Value of Distributed Generation and CHP Resources in Wholesale Power Markets,...
Accounting for the phonetic value of nonspeech sounds
Finley, Gregory P.
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Accounting for the phonetic value of nonspeech sounds BySpring 2015 Abstract Accounting for the phonetic value ofsuggest an approach towards accounting for human perception
Value Analysis of Alternative Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Value Analysis of Alternative Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Substrates for Future Diesel Aftertreatment Systems Value Analysis of Alternative Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)...
Cooperativity in Protein Folding: From Lattice Models with Side Chains to Real Proteins
D. K. Klimov; D. Thirumalai
1998-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
We consider equilibrium folding transitions in lattice protein models with and without side chains. A dimensionless measure, $Omega_{c}$, is introduced to quantitatively assess the degree of cooperativity in lattice models and in real proteins. We show that larger values of $\\Omega_{c}$ resembling those seen in proteins are obtained in lattice models with side chains (LMSC). The enhanced cooperativity in LMSC is due to the possibility of denser packing of side chains in the interior of the model protein. We also establish that $\\Omega_{c}$ correlates extremely well with (\\sigma = (T_{\\theta} -T_{f} )/T_{\\theta}), where (T_{\\theta}) and (T_{f}) are collapse and folding transition temperatures, respectively. These theoretical ideas are used to analyze folding transitions in various real proteins. The values of $\\Omega _{c}$ extracted from experiments show a correlation with $\\sigma $. We conclude that the degree of cooperativity can be expressed in terms of the single parameter $\\sigma $, which can be estimated from experimental data.
Crosbie, Jeffrey C.; Rogers, Peter A. W. [Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Melbourne, The Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria 3052 (Australia); Stevenson, Andrew W. [CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, Clayton, Victoria 3169 (Australia); Hall, Christopher J. [Imaging and Medical Beamline, Australian Synchrotron, Clayton, Victoria 3168 (Australia); Lye, Jessica E. [Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency, Yallambie, Victoria 3085 (Australia); Nordstroem, Terese [KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm SE-100 44 (Sweden); Midgley, Stewart M. [School of Physics, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Lewis, Robert A. [Department of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)
2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: Novel, preclinical radiotherapy modalities are being developed at synchrotrons around the world, most notably stereotactic synchrotron radiation therapy and microbeam radiotherapy at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France. The imaging and medical beamline (IMBL) at the Australian Synchrotron has recently become available for preclinical radiotherapy and imaging research with clinical trials, a distinct possibility in the coming years. The aim of this present study was to accurately characterize the synchrotron-generated x-ray beam for the purposes of air kerma-based absolute dosimetry. Methods: The authors used a theoretical model of the energy spectrum from the wiggler source and validated this model by comparing the transmission through copper absorbers (0.1-3.0 mm) against real measurements conducted at the beamline. The authors used a low energy free air ionization chamber (LEFAC) from the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency and a commercially available free air chamber (ADC-105) for the measurements. The dimensions of these two chambers are different from one another requiring careful consideration of correction factors. Results: Measured and calculated half value layer (HVL) and air kerma rates differed by less than 3% for the LEFAC when the ion chamber readings were corrected for electron energy loss and ion recombination. The agreement between measured and predicted air kerma rates was less satisfactory for the ADC-105 chamber, however. The LEFAC and ADC measurements produced a first half value layer of 0.405 {+-} 0.015 and 0.412 {+-} 0.016 mm Cu, respectively, compared to the theoretical prediction of 0.427 {+-} 0.012 mm Cu. The theoretical model based upon a spectrum calculator derived a mean beam energy of 61.4 keV with a first half value layer of approximately 30 mm in water. Conclusions: The authors showed in this study their ability to verify the predicted air kerma rate and x-ray attenuation curve on the IMBL using a simple experimental method, namely, HVL measurements. The HVL measurements strongly supports the x-ray beam spectrum, which in turn has a profound effect on x-ray dosimetry.
A derivative standard for polarimeter calibration
Mulhollan, G.; Clendenin, J.; Saez, P. [and others
1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
A long-standing problem in polarized electron physics is the lack of a traceable standard for calibrating electron spin polarimeters. While several polarimeters are absolutely calibrated to better than 2%, the typical instrument has an inherent accuracy no better than 10%. This variability among polarimeters makes it difficult to compare advances in polarized electron sources between laboratories. The authors have undertaken an effort to establish 100 nm thick molecular beam epitaxy grown GaAs(110) as a material which may be used as a derivative standard for calibrating systems possessing a solid state polarized electron source. The near-bandgap spin polarization of photoelectrons emitted from this material has been characterized for a variety of conditions and several laboratories which possess well calibrated polarimeters have measured the photoelectron polarization of cathodes cut from a common wafer. Despite instrumentation differences, the spread in the measurements is sufficiently small that this material may be used as a derivative calibration standard.
Derivation of evolutionary payoffs from observable behavior
Feigel, Alexander; Engel, Assaf
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Interpretation of animal behavior, especially as cooperative or selfish, is a challenge for evolutionary theory. Strategy of a competition should follow from corresponding Darwinian payoffs for the available behavioral options. The payoffs and decision making processes, however, are difficult to observe and quantify. Here we present a general method for the derivation of evolutionary payoffs from observable statistics of interactions. The method is applied to combat of male bowl and doily spiders, to predator inspection by sticklebacks and to territorial defense by lions, demonstrating animal behavior as a new type of game theoretical equilibrium. Games animals play may be derived unequivocally from their observable behavior, the reconstruction, however, can be subjected to fundamental limitations due to our inability to observe all information exchange mechanisms (communication).
Enhanced Coset Symmetries and Higher Derivative Corrections
Neil Lambert; Peter West
2006-08-17T23:59:59.000Z
After dimensional reduction to three dimensions, the lowest order effective actions for pure gravity, M-theory and the Bosonic string admit an enhanced symmetry group. In this paper we initiate study of how this enhancement is affected by the inclusion of higher derivative terms. In particular we show that the coefficients of the scalar fields associated to the Cartan subalgebra are given by weights of the enhanced symmetry group.
Triamine chelants, their derivatives, complexes and conjugates
Troutner, D.E.; John, C.S.; Pillai, M.R.A.
1995-03-07T23:59:59.000Z
A group of functionalized triamine chelants and their derivatives that form complexes with radioactive metal ions are disclosed. The complexes can be covalently attached to a protein or an antibody or antibody fragment and used for therapeutic and/or diagnostic purposes. The chelants are of the formula, as shown in the accompanying diagrams, wherein n, m, R, R{sup 1}, R{sup 2} and L are defined in the specification.
Uncertainty estimates for derivatives and intercepts
Clark, E.L.
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Straight line least squares fits of experimental data are widely used in the analysis of test results to provide derivatives and intercepts. A method for evaluating the uncertainty in these parameters is described. The method utilizes conventional least squares results and is applicable to experiments where the independent variable is controlled, but not necessarily free of error. A Monte Carlo verification of the method is given 7 refs., 2 tabs.
Equivalence of Conventionally-Derived and Parthenote-Derived Human Embryonic Stem Cells
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Equivalence of Conventionally-Derived and Parthenote-6 | Issue 1 | e14499 Equivalence of hESC and phESC Figure 4.to determine points of equivalence and differences between
Transformation of spatial and perturbation derivatives of travel time
Cerveny, Vlastislav
Transformation of spatial and perturbation derivatives of travel time at a general interface and perturbation parameters. We derive the explicit equations for transforming these traveltime derivatives Hamiltonian function and are applicable to the transformation of traveltime derivatives in both isotropic
Instrumentation development for real time brainwave monitoring.
Anderson, Lawrence Frederick; Clough, Benjamin W.
2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The human brain functions through a chemically-induced biological process which operates in a manner similar to electrical systems. The signal resulting from this biochemical process can actually be monitored and read using tools and having patterns similar to those found in electrical and electronics engineering. The primary signature of this electrical activity is the ''brain wave'', which looks remarkably similar to the output of many electrical systems. Likewise, the device currently used in medical arenas to read brain electrical activity is the electroencephalogram (EEG) which is synonymous with a multi-channel oscilloscope reading. Brain wave readings and recordings for medical purposes are traditionally taken in clinical settings such as hospitals, laboratories or diagnostic clinics. The signal is captured via externally applied scalp electrodes using semi-viscous gel to reduce impedance. The signal will be in the 10 to 100 microvolt range. In other instances, where surgeons are attempting to isolate particular types of minute brain signals, the electrodes may actually be temporarily implanted in the brain during a preliminary procedure. The current configurations of equipment required for EEGs involve large recording instruments, many electrodes, wires, and large amounts of hard disk space devoted to storing large files of brain wave data which are then eventually analyzed for patterns of concern. Advances in sensors, signal processing, data storage and microelectronics over the last decade would seem to have paved the way for the realization of devices capable of ''real time'' external monitoring, and possible assessment, of brain activity. A myriad of applications for such a capability are likewise presenting themselves, including the ability to assess brain functioning, level of functioning and malfunctioning. Our plan is to develop the sensors, signal processing, and portable instrumentation package which could capture, analyze, and communicate information on brain activity which could be of use to the individual, medical personnel or in other potential arenas. To take this option one step further, one might foresee that the signal would be captured, analyzed, and communicated to a person or device and which would result an action or reaction by that person or device. It is envisioned that ultimately a system would include a sensor detection mechanism, transmitter, receiver, microprocessor and associated memory, and audio and/or visual alert system. If successful in prototyping, the device could be considered for eventual implementation in ASIC form or as a fully integrated CMOS microsystem.
Financial Derivatives and Partial Differential Equations
Almgren, Robert F.
at which trades actually occured; this picture contains 5400 data points. The fastest oscillations, on scales of a few seconds, represent "bounce" between bid and ask prices. But complicated structure half-hour time intervals, for 1999 (about 3000 data values). Although the direction of the changes
A real-time airborne scatterometer data processor
Reisor, Gary James
1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A REAL-TIME AIRBORNE SCATTEROMETER DATA PROCES'SOR A Thesis by Gary James Reisor Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A)M Vniversity in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1976 Major... Subject: Electrical Fngineering A REAL-TIME AIRBORNE SCATTEROMETER DATA PROCESSOR A Thesis by Gary James Reisor Approved as to style and content by: arrman o Committee Hea o Depa tment em er Mem er August 1976 ABSTRACT A Real-time Airborne...
Value of Laboratory Experiments for Code Validations
Wawersik, W.R.
1998-12-14T23:59:59.000Z
Numerical codes have become indispensable for designing underground structures and interpretating the behavior of geologic systems. Because of the complexities of geologic systems, however, code calculations often are associated with large quantitative uncertainties. This papers presents three examples to demonstrate the value of laboratory(or bench scale) experiments to evaluate the predictive capabilities of such codes with five major conclusions: Laboratory or bench-scale experiments are a very cost-effective, controlled means of evaluating and validating numerical codes, not instead of but before or at least concurrent with the implementation of in situ studies. The design of good laboratory validation tests must identifj what aspects of a code are to be scrutinized in order to optimize the size, geometry, boundary conditions, and duration of the experiments. The design of good and sometimes difficult numerical analyses and sensitivity studies. Laboratory validation tests must involve: Good validation experiments will generate independent data sets to identify the combined effect of constitutive models, model generalizations, material parameters, and numerical algorithms. Successfid validations of numerical codes mandate a close collaboration between experimentalists and analysts drawing from the full gamut of observations, measurements, and mathematical results.
Production of High Value Cellulose from Tobacco
Berson, R ERic; Dvaid, Keith; McGinley, W Mark; Meduri, Praveen; Clark, Ezra; Dayalan, Ethirajulu; Sumaneskera, Gamini; Donald Colliver, Mahendra Sunkara'
2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Kentucky Rural Energy Supply Program was established in 2005 by a federal direct appropriation to benefit the citizens of the Commonwealth by creating a unified statewide consortium to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency in Kentucky. The U.S. Department of EnergyÃ¢Â?Â?s (DOE) Office of Biomass Programs initially funded the consortium in 2005 with a $2 million operational grant. The Kentucky Rural Energy Consortium (KREC) was formed at the outset of the program to advance energy efficiency and comprehensive research on biomass and bioenergy of importance to Kentucky agriculture, rural communities, and related industries. In recognition of the successful efforts of the program, KREC received an additional $1.96 million federal appropriation in 2008 for renewal of the DOE grant. From the beginning, KREC understood the value of providing a statewide forum for the discussion of KentuckyÃ¢Â?Â?s long term energy needs and economic development potential. The new funding allowed KREC to continue to serve as a clearinghouse and support new research and development and outreach programs for energy efficiency and renewable energy.
Deriving a model for influenza epidemics from historical data.
Ray, Jaideep; Lefantzi, Sophia
2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this report we describe how we create a model for influenza epidemics from historical data collected from both civilian and military societies. We derive the model when the population of the society is unknown but the size of the epidemic is known. Our interest lies in estimating a time-dependent infection rate to within a multiplicative constant. The model form fitted is chosen for its similarity to published models for HIV and plague, enabling application of Bayesian techniques to discriminate among infectious agents during an emerging epidemic. We have developed models for the progression of influenza in human populations. The model is framed as a integral, and predicts the number of people who exhibit symptoms and seek care over a given time-period. The start and end of the time period form the limits of integration. The disease progression model, in turn, contains parameterized models for the incubation period and a time-dependent infection rate. The incubation period model is obtained from literature, and the parameters of the infection rate are fitted from historical data including both military and civilian populations. The calibrated infection rate models display a marked difference in which the 1918 Spanish Influenza pandemic differed from the influenza seasons in the US between 2001-2008 and the progression of H1N1 in Catalunya, Spain. The data for the 1918 pandemic was obtained from military populations, while the rest are country-wide or province-wide data from the twenty-first century. We see that the initial growth of infection in all cases were about the same; however, military populations were able to control the epidemic much faster i.e., the decay of the infection-rate curve is much higher. It is not clear whether this was because of the much higher level of organization present in a military society or the seriousness with which the 1918 pandemic was addressed. Each outbreak to which the influenza model was fitted yields a separate set of parameter values. We suggest 'consensus' parameter values for military and civilian populations in the form of normal distributions so that they may be further used in other applications. Representing the parameter values as distributions, instead of point values, allows us to capture the uncertainty and scatter in the parameters. Quantifying the uncertainty allows us to use these models further in inverse problems, predictions under uncertainty and various other studies involving risk.
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study
Pennycook, Steve
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study Phase 1, Task 2: Select Value Propositions Government or any agency thereof. #12;ORNL/TM-2008/056 Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Value Propositions Workshop held in Washington, D.C. in December 2007