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1

"Projected Real GDP Growth Trend"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

69465655,0.02391459409,0.01807394932 " * These are historical annual growth rates in real GDP (2005 chained dollars). The annual changes are compounded and averaged in the table...

2

North Dakota sees increases in real GDP per capita following ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

In recent years, North Dakota has seen significant gains in real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, coinciding with development of the Bakken shale play.

3

New Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup New Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup August 18, 2010 - 10:47am Addthis Elizabeth Meckes Elizabeth Meckes Director of User Experience & Digital Technologies, Office of Public Affairs Last week, we took a closer look at the dismantling of the final W62 warhead, a major milestone in the nation's efforts to reduce the amount of nuclear weapons in its stockpile. But after five decades of nuclear weapons production, the Cold War didn't just create a stockpile -- it left 1.5 million cubic meters of solid waste and 88 million gallons of liquid waste. This waste requires treatment and permanent safe storage in gaseous diffusion plants, like the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (GDP) in south-central Ohio. This week, the Department of Energy accelerated Portsmouth GDP cleanup

4

GDP Jobs Direct Structure of Australian economy, employment and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% GDP Jobs Direct emissions Inclusive emissions Structure Biomass Solar PV 3020 Abatement below businss as usual Mt CO2e Industry Buildings Forestry Power Transport Employment intensity Jobs / $m valu-add 13 2 10 4 14 10 11 Gross value added ABS Australian Nat'l Accounts

Pezzey, Jack

5

Cotton Growing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cotton Growing Cotton Growing Name: anna Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Hi, My name is Anna, and I live in southern Maryland. Everybody i ask says I'm crazy or they don't have a clue about growing cotton. I believe any thing is possible. I would love to grow some not as a crop because i dont have that much room. But ihave even gone to places like SouthernStates and they can't hlep me even find seeds or whatever it is you plant. If yu could please tell me how to get some, along with maybe some instruction to grow it. I would be mighty obliged, Well Thank You Kindly For any help. P.S. please don't tell me you can't grow cotton in Maryland. L, Anna Replies: Dear Anna, The following may be useful: http://muextension.missouri.edu/xplor/agguides/crops/g04268.htm

6

U.S. Primary Energy Use and GDP, 1970-1998 (chart)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Energy Users > Energy Efficiency Page > Figure 2. U.S. primary energy use and GDP [Trends in Building-Related Energy and ...

7

Real values derived using the GDP Chain-type Price Index, 2005 = 100.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 8. Estimated average rail transportation rates for coal originating in the Uinta Basin Transportation cost per short ton (nominal) Transportation

8

Empirical Analysis on the Cities' GDP and the Main Economic Indicators of High-Tech Industrial Parks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the national 54 high-tech industrial parks' main economic indicators and their cities' GDP are analyzed respectively with clustering analysis. It is found that there is a certain degree of correlation between them. To reveal the inner ... Keywords: Cities' GDP, High-tech industrial parks' economic, Correlation Analysis, Clustering Analysis

Yu-Chen Song; Sha Zhen

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

U.S. Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007 Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007 Danilo J. Santini, Ph. D. Senior Economist Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue Phone: 630 252 3758 Fax: 630 252 3443 E-mail: dsantini@anl.gov David A Poyer, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Economics Morehouse College 830 Westview Dr. SW Atlanta, GA 30314 Phone: 404 681 2800, ext. 2553 E-mail: dpoyer@morehouse.edu THE 66th INTERNATIONAL ATLANTIC ECONOMIC CONFERENCE Montreal, Canada 9-12 October 2008 BUSINESS FLUCTUATIONS AND CYCLES 12 October 2008 Sunday 11:15 AM - 1:15 PM The submitted manuscript has been created by UChicago Argonne, LLC, Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ("Argonne"). Argonne, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. . The U.S. Government

10

362 “Oil price shocks and real GDP growth: empirical evidence for some OECD countries” by R. Jiménez-Rodríguez and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2004 all publications will carry a motif taken from the €100 banknote. This paper can be downloaded without charge from

Rebeca Jiménez-rodríguez; Marcelo Sánchez; Rebeca Jiménez-rodríguez; Marcelo Sánchez

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

How do plants grow?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How do plants grow? How do plants grow? Name: Sally McCombs Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: A 4th grade class at our school is doing plant research and would like to know if plants grow from the top up or from the bottom up? Thanks for your help! Replies: Plants grow from the top up (or from the bottom down, in the case of root growth). Right at the tip, more cells form by division, and just behind that is an area where cells get bigger). More amazing than all of this is where your question comes from. I went to 4th grade there!!! Amazing, Just after the school was built, I think, maybe around 1959 to about early 1960's. Then I moved on to St. Pete High School, then my parents got jobs in Alabama, where I did the last year of High School. Then onto college in New England, graduate school in California, a research job in England, and now finally as a professor at the University of Washington in Seattle. Brings back memories...

12

P E Appendix D N D I Real Gross Domestic Product by State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Appendix D Real Gross Domestic Product by State The real gross domestic product (GDP) ... R 75.5 R 76.9 R 75.0 R 78.7 R 82.4 R 86.3 R 87.2 R 92.0 R 96.5 R 96.4

13

Mitigation, Adaptation, Uncertainty -- Growing Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UrbanLab is Sarah Dunn + Martin Felsen, with Lee Greenberg,Growing Water Martin Felsen and Sarah Dunn The Growing Water

Felsen, Martin; Dunn, Sarah

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Stability of growing vesicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the stability of growing vesicles using the formalism of nonequilibrium thermodynamics. The vesicles are growing due to the accretion of lipids to the bilayer which forms the vesicle membrane. The thermodynamic description is based on the hydrodynamics of a water{/}lipid mixture together with a model of the vesicle as a discontinuous system in the sense of linear nonequilibrium thermodynamics. This formulation allows the forces and fluxes relevant to the dynamic stability of the vesicle to be identified. The method is used to analyze the stability of a spherical vesicle against arbitrary axisymmetric perturbations. It is found that there are generically two critical radii at which changes of stability occur. In the case where the perturbation takes the form of a single zonal harmonic, only one of these radii is physical and is given by the ratio $2 L_p / L_\\gamma$, where $L_p$ is the hydraulic conductivity and $L_\\gamma$ is the Onsager coefficient related to changes in membrane area due to lipid accretion. The stability of such perturbations is related to the value of $l$ corresponding to the particular zonal harmonic: those with lower $l$ are more unstable than those with higher $l$. Possible extensions of the current work and the need for experimental input are discussed.

Richard G. Morris; Alan J. McKane

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

15

China's Pathways to Achieving 40percent 45percent Reduction in CO2 Emissions per Unit of GDP in 2020: Sectoral Outlook and Assessment of Savings Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy and Carbon Emission Outlook to 2050. ” Berkeley, CA:of GDP in 2020: Sectoral Outlook and Assessment of Savings2 Sectoral Outlook and

Zheng, Nina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Mutational, Structural, and Kinetic Evidence for a Dissociative Mechanism in the GDP-mannose Mannosyl Hydrolase Reaction  

SciTech Connect

GDP-mannose hydrolase (GDPMH) catalyzes the hydrolysis of GDP-{alpha}-D-sugars by nucleophilic substitution with inversion at the anomeric C1 atom of the sugar, with general base catalysis by H124. Three lines of evidence indicate a mechanism with dissociative character. First, in the 1.3 Angstrom X-ray structure of the GDPMH-Mg{sup 2+}-GDP{center_dot}Tris{sup +} complex, the GDP leaving group interacts with five catalytic components: R37, Y103, R52, R65, and the essential Mg{sup 2+}. As determined by the effects of site-specific mutants on k{sub cat}, these components contribute factors of 24-, 100-, 309-, 24-, and {ge}10{sup 5}-fold, respectively, to catalysis. Both R37 and Y103 bind the {beta}-phosphate of GDP and are only 5.0 Angstroms apart. Accordingly, the R37Q/Y103F double mutant exhibits partially additive effects of the two single mutants on k{sub cat}, indicating cooperativity of R37 and Y103 in promoting catalysis, and antagonistic effects on K{sub m}. Second, the conserved residue, D22, is positioned to accept a hydrogen bond from the C2-OH group of the sugar undergoing substitution at C1, as was shown by modeling an {alpha}-D-mannosyl group into the sugar binding site. The D22A and D22N mutations decreased k{sub cat} by factors of 10{sup 2.1} and 10{sup 2.6}, respectively, for the hydrolysis of GDP-{alpha}-D-mannose, and showed smaller effects on K{sub m}, suggesting that the D22 anion stabilizes a cationic oxocarbenium transition state. Third, the fluorinated substrate, GDP-2F-{alpha}-D-mannose, for which a cationic oxocarbenium transition state would be destabilized by electron withdrawal, exhibited a 16-fold decrease in k{sub cat} and a smaller, 2.5-fold increase in K{sub m}. The D22A and D22N mutations further decreased the k{sub cat} with GDP-2F-{alpha}-D-mannose to values similar to those found with GDP-{alpha}-D-mannose, and decreased the K{sub m} of the fluorinated substrate. The choice of histidine as the general base over glutamate, the preferred base in other Nudix enzymes, is not due to the greater basicity of histidine, since the pK{sub a} of E124 in the active complex (7.7) exceeded that of H124 (6.7), and the H124E mutation showed a 10{sup 2.2}-fold decrease in k{sub cat}and a 4.0-fold increase in K{sub m} at pH 9.3. Similarly, the catalytic triad detected in the X-ray structure (H124---Y127---P120) is unnecessary for orienting H124, since the Y127F mutation had only 2-fold effects on k{sub cat} and K{sub m} with either H124 or E124 as the general base. Hence, a neutral histidine rather than an anionic glutamate may be necessary to preserve electroneutrality in the active complex.

Xia,Z.; Azurmendi, H.; lairson, L.; Withers, S.; Gabelli, S.; Bianchet, M.; Amzel, L.; Mildvan, A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

How plants grow toward light  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How plants grow toward light How plants grow toward light Name: schwobtj Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: When a seed is planted below the surface of the ground, how does it "know" to grow toward the light? Replies: Plants don't know where the light is, they do respond to gravity. Since light is usually up, a plant seed grows up and finds light enough to keep things going. Psych One way that plants below ground can tell which way is up is with the use of STATOLITHS. Statoliths are dense pieces of material that settle to the bottom of a STATOCYST. In plants, pieces of starch or another material denser than water will settle to the bottom of the cell. Somehow the plant cell determines on what side the statolith has fallen, and then somehow relays a message (probably a chemical) that tells the bottom cells to grow faster than the top cells, therefore causing upward growth. There is still quite a lot of mystery in there to be discovered. I got this explanation from BIOLOGY by Neil Campbell. This is similar to the way in which plants use chemical signals to help them grow towards light.

18

Growing tissue in the lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

tissue in the lab tissue in the lab Name: mike s Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: How do Scientists grow new tissue cells in the lab? Replies: I'm not quite sure what you mean by "new" cells. Several kinds of cell growing are done. One way is to break an organ or tissue apart into its individual cells and grow them in a medium of nutrients, controlled temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide/oxygen. This is called "primary culture" because the cells come right out of an organism. Another method is to create an "immortal cell line". This is a type of cell isolated from a cancerous tumor, or a non-tumor cell which is infected with a cancer gene after it's isolated. Being cancerous, these cells grow forever in a dish, with the appropriate nutrients etc as long as you remove cells from time to time to prevent overcrowding. These cells can be frozen at about -100F forever and rethawed when needed. There is a library of frozen cells, thousands of types, and a catalog. Scientists can order what they need any time! Finally, you can make specific mutant cell lines by starting as above with an immortal cell, and inserting a specific gene (or deleting one) permanently from the DNA of the cell to change almost any property you want. So there it is.

19

Grow NJ (New Jersey) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grow NJ (New Jersey) Grow NJ (New Jersey) Eligibility Commercial Savings For Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization...

20

Silicon crystal growing by oscillating crucible technique  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for growing silicon crystals from a molten melt comprising oscillating the container during crystal growth is disclosed.

Schwuttke, G.H.; Kim, K.M.; Smetana, P.

1983-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Growing Nanowires Horizontally Yields New Benefit: 'Nano ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Growing Nanowires Horizontally Yields New Benefit: 'Nano-LEDs'. ... Optical microscope image of “nano LEDs” emitting light. ...

2012-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

22

Forecast Technical Document Growing Stock Volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecast Technical Document Growing Stock Volume Forecasts A document describing how growing stock (`standing') volume is handled in the 2011 Production Forecast. Tom Jenkins Robert Matthews Ewan Mackie Lesley Halsall #12;PF2011 ­ Growing stock volume forecasts Background A forecast of standing volume (or

23

On carbon footprints and growing energy use  

SciTech Connect

Could fractional reductions in the carbon footprint of a growing organization lead to a corresponding real reduction in atmospheric CO{sub 2} emissions in the next ten years? Curtis M. Oldenburg, head of the Geologic Carbon Sequestration Program of LBNL’s Earth Sciences Division, considers his own organization's carbon footprint and answers this critical question? In addressing the problem of energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate change, it is essential that we understand which activities are producing GHGs and the scale of emission for each activity, so that reduction efforts can be efficiently targeted. The GHG emissions to the atmosphere of an individual or group are referred to as the ‘carbon footprint’. This terminology is entirely appropriate, because 85% of the global marketed energy supply comes from carbon-rich fossil fuel sources whose combustion produces CO{sub 2}, the main GHG causing global climate change. Furthermore, the direct relation between CO2 emissions and fossil fuels as they are used today makes energy consumption a useful proxy for carbon footprint. It would seem to be a simple matter to reduce energy consumption across the board, both individually and collectively, to help reduce our carbon footprints and therefore solve the energyclimate crisis. But just how much can we reduce carbon footprints when broader forces, such as growth in energy use, cause the total footprint to simultaneously expand? In this feature, I present a calculation of the carbon footprint of the Earth Sciences Division (ESD), the division in which I work at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), and discuss the potential for reducing this carbon footprint. It will be apparent that in terms of potential future carbon footprint reductions under projections of expected growth, ESD may be thought of as a microcosm of the situation of the world as a whole, in which alternatives to the business-as-usual use of fossil fuels are needed if absolute GHG emission reductions are to be achieved.

Oldenburg, C.M.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

SAR Imagery Segmentation by Statistical Region Growing and Hierarchical Merging  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an approach to accomplish synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image segmentation, which are corrupted by speckle noise. Some ordinary segmentation techniques may require speckle filtering previously. Our approach performs radar image segmentation using the original noisy pixels as input data, eliminating preprocessing steps, an advantage over most of the current methods. The algorithm comprises a statistical region growing procedure combined with hierarchical region merging to extract regions of interest from SAR images. The region growing step over-segments the input image to enable region aggregation by employing a combination of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test with a hierarchical stepwise optimization (HSWO) algorithm for the process coordination. We have tested and assessed the proposed technique on artificially speckled image and real SAR data containing different types of targets.

Ushizima, Daniela Mayumi; Carvalho, E.A.; Medeiros, F.N.S.; Martins, C.I.O.; Marques, R.C.P.; Oliveira, I.N.S.

2010-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

25

Scientists Classify Forest Disturbances to Grow Understanding...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientists Classify Forest Disturbances to Grow Understanding of Climate Change Daniel Hayes, shown here outside of Nome, Alaska, traveled to the Arctic in June to study climate...

26

Real time monitoring in web telerobotics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a growing need for humans to perform complex remote operations and to extend the intelligence and experience of experts to distant applications. A blending of human intelligence, modern information technology, remote control, and intelligent ... Keywords: TCP/IP, UDP, control, internet, monitoring, real-time, telerobotics, web

Ionut Resceanu; Marius Niculescu; Cristina Pana

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

GDP-L-fucose: {beta}-D-galactoside 2-{alpha}-Lfucosyltransferases, DNA sequences encoding the same, method for producing the same and a method of genotyping a person  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The gene encoding GDP-L-fucose: {beta}-D-Galactoside 2-{alpha}-Lfucosyltransferase has been cloned, and a mutation in this gene has been found to be responsible for an individual being a non-secretor. 30 figs.

Lowe, J.B.; Lennon, G.; Rouquier, S.; Giorgi, D.; Kelly, R.J.

1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

28

Only tough choices in Meeting growing demand  

SciTech Connect

U.S. electricity demand is not growing very fast by international or historical standards. Yet meeting this relatively modest growth is proving difficult because investment in new capacity is expected to grow at an even slower pace. What is more worrisome is that a confluence of factors has added considerable uncertainties, making the investment community less willing to make the long-term commitments that will be needed during the coming decade.

NONE

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

29

Energy Intensity Trends in AEO2010 (released in AEO2010)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Energy intensity (energy consumption per dollar of real GDP) indicates how much energy a country uses to produce its goods and services. From the early 1950s to the early 1970s, U.S. total primary energy consumption and real GDP increased at nearly the same annual rate (Figure 17). During that period, real oil prices remained virtually flat. In contrast, from the mid-1970s to 2008, the relationship between energy consumption and real GDP growth changed, with primary energy consumption growing at less than one-third the previous average rate and real GDP growth continuing to grow at its historical rate. The decoupling of real GDP growth from energy consumption growth led to a decline in energy intensity that averaged 2.8 percent per year from 1973 to 2008. In the AEO2010 Reference case, energy intensity continues to decline, at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent from 2008 to 2035.

Information Center

2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

30

Green Button Initiative Growing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Button Initiative Growing Green Button Initiative Growing Green Button Initiative Growing May 17, 2013 - 1:17pm Addthis The Green Button initiative, which is the common-sense idea that electricity customers should be able to securely download their own energy usage information from their utility websites, is continuing to gain traction across the country. In the May 1 issue of PowerGrid International, OE's smart grid standards and interoperability coordinator Chris Irwin discusses the growth of Green Button. This initiative to enable energy innovation is part of a comprehensive grid modernization strategy to move the nation to a cleaner, more secure energy future. Addthis Related Articles At the White House Energy Datapalooza in October 2012, developers showcased new apps that help consumers harness and interpret their energy use data. The expanding Green Button movement will make apps like these more ubiquitous. | Photo by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department.

31

Prealloyed catalyst for growing silicon carbide whiskers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A prealloyed metal catalyst is used to grow silicon carbide whiskers, especially in the .beta. form. Pretreating the metal particles to increase the weight percentages of carbon or silicon or both carbon and silicon allows whisker growth to begin immediately upon reaching growth temperature.

Shalek, Peter D. (Los Alamos, NM); Katz, Joel D. (Niagara Falls, NY); Hurley, George F. (Los Alamos, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Real exchange rate and international reserves in an era of growing financial and trade integration*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Turkey Uganda Uruguay Venezuela Zambia First Year Last YearParaguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela Export Composition: The twoAlgeria Russia Norway Venezuela Chile Australia Canada South

Aizenman, Joshua; Riera-Crichton, Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

China's Pathways to Achieving 40% ~ 45% Reduction in CO{sub 2} Emissions per Unit of GDP in 2020: Sectoral Outlook and Assessment of Savings Potential  

SciTech Connect

Achieving China’s goal of reducing its carbon intensity (CO{sub 2} per unit of GDP) by 40% to 45% percent below 2005 levels by 2020 will require the strengthening and expansion of energy efficiency policies across the buildings, industries and transport sectors. This study uses a bottom-up, end-use model and two scenarios -- an enhanced energy efficiency (E3) scenario and an alternative maximum technically feasible energy efficiency improvement (Max Tech) scenario – to evaluate what policies and technical improvements are needed to achieve the 2020 carbon intensity reduction target. The findings from this study show that a determined approach by China can lead to the achievement of its 2020 goal. In particular, with full success in deepening its energy efficiency policies and programs but following the same general approach used during the 11th Five Year Plan, it is possible to achieve 49% reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions per unit of GDP (CO{sub 2} emissions intensity) in 2020 from 2005 levels (E3 case). Under the more optimistic but feasible assumptions of development and penetration of advanced energy efficiency technology (Max Tech case), China could achieve a 56% reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions intensity in 2020 relative to 2005 with cumulative reduction of energy use by 2700 Mtce and of CO{sub 2} emissions of 8107 Mt CO{sub 2} between 2010 and 2020. Energy savings and CO{sub 2} mitigation potential varies by sector but most of the energy savings potential is found in energy-intensive industry. At the same time, electricity savings and the associated emissions reduction are magnified by increasing renewable generation and improving coal generation efficiency, underscoring the dual importance of end-use efficiency improvements and power sector decarbonization.

Zheng, Nina; Fridley, David; Zhou, Nan; Levine, Mark; Price, Lynn; Ke, Jing

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

34

Electricity Real Options Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

Broszkiewicz-Suwaj, E

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Electricity Real Options Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

Ewa Broszkiewicz-Suwaj

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

36

Modeling wealth distribution in growing markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce an auto-regressive model which captures the growing nature of realistic markets. In our model agents do not trade with other agents, they interact indirectly only through a market. Change of their wealth depends, linearly on how much they invest, and stochastically on how much they gain from the noisy market. The average wealth of the market could be fixed or growing. We show that in a market where investment capacity of agents differ, average wealth of agents generically follow the Pareto-law. In few cases, the individual distribution of wealth of every agent could also be obtained exactly. We also show that the underlying dynamics of other well studied kinetic models of markets can be mapped to the dynamics of our auto-regressive model.

Urna Basu; P. K. Mohanty

2008-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

37

Many small consumers, one growing problem: Achieving energy savings...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Many small consumers, one growing problem: Achieving energy savings for electronic equipment operating in low power modes Title Many small consumers, one growing problem: Achieving...

38

Residential Investment over the Real Estate Cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Much attention recently has been given to the possibility of a slowdown in the U.S. residential real estate market.While real residential investment has continued to grow and existing house prices have held up through the first quarter of 2006, analysts have pointed to other signs of slowing.Two commonly cited indicators are an apparent slowing of sales of new and existing homes and a buildup of inventories of new homes in many markets. In this Economic Letter, I characterize past episodes of residential investment downturns and evaluate how specific housing market variables, such as sales volumes and inventories, perform as predictors of downturns. Figure 1 Change in real residential fixed investment

unknown authors

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Quantum grow—A quantum dynamics sampling approach for growing potential energy surfaces and nonadiabatic couplings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A quantum sampling algorithm for the interpolation of diabatic potential energy matrices by the Grow method is introduced. The new procedure benefits from penetration of the wave packet into classically forbidden regions

Oded Godsi; Michael A. Collins; Uri Peskin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Table 2. Real Gross Domestic Product, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Real Gross Domestic Product, Projected vs. Actual Real Gross Domestic Product, Projected vs. Actual Projected Real GDP Growth Trend (cumulative average percent growth in projected real GDP from first year shown for each AEO) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 3.1% 3.2% 2.9% 2.8% 2.7% 2.7% 2.6% 2.6% 2.6% 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.3% 2.3% AEO 1995 3.7% 2.8% 2.5% 2.7% 2.7% 2.6% 2.6% 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.3% 2.3% 2.2% AEO 1996 2.6% 2.2% 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.3% 2.3% 2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 1.6% AEO 1997 2.1% 1.9% 2.0% 2.2% 2.3% 2.3% 2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 2.1% 2.1% 1.5% AEO 1998 3.4% 2.9% 2.6% 2.5% 2.4% 2.4% 2.3% 2.3% 2.3% 2.3% 2.3% 2.3% 2.3% 2.2% 1.8% AEO 1999 3.4% 2.5% 2.5% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.3% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 1.8% AEO 2000 3.8% 2.9% 2.7% 2.6% 2.6% 2.6% 2.6% 2.6% 2.5% 2.5%

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Geek-Up[10.15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from 15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from Bacteria and Wireless Water Heaters Geek-Up[10.15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from Bacteria and Wireless Water Heaters October 15, 2010 - 5:56pm Addthis Nanoparticles grown under the irradiation of high-energy X-rays | Source: Argonne National Lab and Carnegie Institution of Washington Nanoparticles grown under the irradiation of high-energy X-rays | Source: Argonne National Lab and Carnegie Institution of Washington Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Watching nanoparticles in real time can help improve the performance of their application as solar cells, chemical and biological sensors and diagnostic imaging. Scientists are using bacteria with free wastewater to develop

42

Science.gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year | OSTI, US Dept  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year December 5, 2012 Science.gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year Washington, DC - Science.gov, known for its groundbreaking search and retrieval of government science information, is celebrating its 10th Anniversary. Through federated one-stop search of U.S. government science information, the portal offers free access to research and development results from 17 organizations within 13 federal science agencies. Science.gov was the first government science search engine to rank results for relevancy in real time and was a pioneer in precision searching across full-text documents. In addition, over the past 10 years the number of pages available at Science.gov has grown from 47 million to over 200

43

Geek-Up[10.15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Geek-Up[10.15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from Geek-Up[10.15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from Bacteria and Wireless Water Heaters Geek-Up[10.15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from Bacteria and Wireless Water Heaters October 15, 2010 - 5:56pm Addthis Nanoparticles grown under the irradiation of high-energy X-rays | Source: Argonne National Lab and Carnegie Institution of Washington Nanoparticles grown under the irradiation of high-energy X-rays | Source: Argonne National Lab and Carnegie Institution of Washington Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Watching nanoparticles in real time can help improve the performance of their application as solar cells, chemical and biological sensors and diagnostic imaging.

44

A non-intrusive fault tolerant framework for mission critical real-time systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The need for dependable real-time systems for embedded application is growing, and, at the same time, so does the amount of functionality required from these systems. As testing can only show the presence of errors, not ...

Gorelov, Sébastien

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Real-time shading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time procedural shading was once seen as a distant dream. When the first version of this course was offered four years ago, real-time shading was possible, but only with one-of-a-kind hardware or by combining the effects of tens to hundreds of rendering ...

Marc Olano; Kurt Akeley; John C. Hart; Wolfgang Heidrich; Michael McCool; Jason L. Mitchell; Randi Rost

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Canastota`  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A distinct male cultivar of Salix sachalinensis.times.S. miyabeana named `Canastota`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 2.7-fold more woody biomass than its female parent (Salix sachalinensis `SX61`), 28% greater woody biomass yield than its male parent (Salix miyabeana `SX64`), and 20% greater woody biomass yield than a standard production cultivar, Salix dasyclados `SV1` when grown in the same field for the same length of time (two growing seasons after coppice) in Tully, N.Y. `Canastota` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. `Canastota` displays a low incidence of rust disease or damage by willow sawfly.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P. (Marcellus, NY); Kopp, Richard F. (Marietta, NY); Smart, Lawrence B. (Geneva, NY); Volk, Timothy A. (Syracuse, NY)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

REAL ESTATE PROCESS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REAL ESTATE PROCESS REAL ESTATE PROCESS TABLE OF CONTENTS DISCLAIMER The content of this information is somewhat dated and not specifically reflective of actual documents in use. It is provided for reference only and as such provides a vast wealth of information and corporate knowledge. Any information taken from this source should be referenced against modern standards. The sources for such are the Federal Management Regulations, Code of Federal Regulations, DOE Orders, Guides and written policy. Additional information is available from variety of agency websites. Most leasing requirements can be found at the GSA website. DOE Real Estate Process.................................................................. Page 1 Appendix 1.................................................................................. Page 3

48

THE REAL ESTATE ROUNDTABLE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of of THE REAL ESTATE ROUNDTABLE to the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Regarding Request for Information Published at 75 Fed. Reg. 26,203 (May 11, 2010) "Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy" July 12, 2010 Board of Directors Chairman Daniel M. Neidich Chief Executive Officer Dune Real Estate Partners President and CEO Jeffrey D. DeBoer Secretary Robert S. Taubman Chairman, President and CEO Taubman Centers, Inc. Treasurer Jeffrey Schwartz Chairman Global Logistic Properties Jamie Behar Managing Director - Real Estate And Alternative Investments Chairman of the Board

49

Real Time Pricing and the Real Live Firm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

response to electricity real-time prices: short run and longwith respect to real time prices has not been extensivelywere linked to real-time prices, most customers indicated

Moezzi, Mithra; Goldman, Charles; Sezgen, Osman; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Turkey opens electricity markets as demand grows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turkey's growing power market has attracted investors and project developers for over a decade, yet their plans have been dashed by unexpected political or financial crises or, worse, obstructed by a lengthy bureaucratic approval process. Now, with a more transparent retail electricity market, government regulators and investors are bullish on Turkey. Is Turkey ready to turn the power on? This report closely examine Turkey's plans to create a power infrastructure capable of providing the reliable electricity supplies necessary for sustained economic growth. It was compiled with on-the-ground research and extensive interview with key industrial and political figures. Today, hard coal and lignite account for 21% of Turkey's electricity generation and gas-fired plants account for 50%. The Alfin Elbistan-B lignite-fired plant has attracted criticism for its lack of desulfurization units and ash dam facilities that have tarnished the industry's image. A 1,100 MW hard-coal fired plant using supercritical technology is under construction. 9 figs., 1 tab.

McKeigue, J.; Da Cunha, A.; Severino, D. [Global Business Reports (United States)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

An optimal k-exclusion real-time locking protocol motivated by multi-GPU systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graphics processing units (GPUs) are becoming increasingly important in today's platforms as their growing generality allows for them to be used as powerful co-processors. In previous work, the authors showed that GPUs may be integrated into real-time ... Keywords: GPGPU, Global scheduling, Real-time systems, Semaphore protocols

Glenn A. Elliott; James H. Anderson

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Cultivation of fast-growing hardwoods  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The intensive culture of hybrid poplar has received in-depth study as part of the Fast-Growing Hardwood Program. Research has concentrated on short-rotation intensive culture systems. Specific studies and operations included establishing and maintaining a nursery/cutting orchard, installing clone-site trials in central and southern New York State and initiating studies of no-till site preparation, nutrient utilization efficiency, wood quality and soil solution chemistry. The nursery/cutting orchard was used to provide material for various research plantings and as a genotype repository. Clone- site trials results showed that hybrid poplar growth potential was affected by clone type and was related to inherent soil-site conditions. No-till techniques were shown to be successful in establishing hybrid poplar in terms of survival and growth when compared to conventional clean tillage and/or no competition control, and can be considered for use on sites that are particularly prone to erosion. Nutrient use efficiency was significantly affected by clone type, and should be a consideration when selecting clones for operational planting if fertilization is to be effectively and efficiently used. Wood quality differed among clones with site condition and tree age inferred as important factors. Soil solution chemistry was minimally affected by intensive cultural practices with no measured adverse effect on soil water quality. Generally, results of these studies showed that appropriate hybrid poplar clones grown in short-rotation intensively cultured systems can be used successfully in New York State if proper site conditions exist and appropriate establishment and maintenance techniques are used. 37 refs., 4 figs., 22 tabs.

White, E.H.; Abrahamson, L.P. (State Univ. of New York, Syracuse, NY (United States). Coll. of Environmental Science and Forestry)

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Real time wind turbine simulator.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A novel dynamic real-time wind turbine simulator (WTS) is developed in this thesis, which is capable of reproducing dynamic behavior of real wind turbine. The… (more)

Gong, Bing

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

As computer networks grow in size and complexity, the need ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... exchange bias effect has been fueled by ... real heterogeneous structure of individual nanomaterial. ... research on magnetic nanomaterials might be ...

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

55

Federal Real Property Council Guidance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Real Property Council Federal Real Property Council Guidance for Improved Asset Management December 22, 2004 Federal Real Property Council Guidance for Improved Asset Management Table of Contents I. Overview............................................................................. 1 II. Guiding Principles .................................................................... 3 III. Asset Management Plan - Required Components............................... 4 IV. Asset Management Plan - "Shelf Document".................................. 5 V. Inventory Data Elements and Performance Measures Definitions.......... 26 i Federal Real Property Council Guidance for Improved Asset Management I. Overview On February 4, 2004, President Bush signed Executive Order 13327, "Federal Real Property

56

FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives and Policies Home > Groups > Utility Rate Graham7781's picture Submitted by...

57

NREL: Wind Research - Providing Incentives to Help Grow Small...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Providing Incentives to Help Grow Small Wind: Wind Powering America Lessons Learned February 25, 2013 Wind Powering America asked Mark Mayhew, small wind program manager for the...

58

Real Time Pricing and the Real Live Firm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2002. “Industrial response to electricity real-time prices:industrial customer operated their facility using hourly electricity prices

Moezzi, Mithra; Goldman, Charles; Sezgen, Osman; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program (Illinois) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program (Illinois) Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program (Illinois) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Illinois Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity The Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program encourages companies to remain, expand, or locate in Illinois. The program provides tax credits to qualifying companies equal to the amount of state income taxes withheld from salaries for newly created jobs. A company must

60

Maine Company Growing with Weatherization Work | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maine Company Growing with Weatherization Work Maine Company Growing with Weatherization Work Maine Company Growing with Weatherization Work January 5, 2010 - 2:15pm Addthis BIOSAFE Environmental Services Inc. touts itself as a leader in lead and asbestos removal and has worked for more than a decade making homes hazard-free. So it came as a surprise to Mark Coleman, president and founder of BIOSAFE, when in 2003 he received an interesting proposal from Maine's regional community action programs. "They realized we had talent in . . . lead abatement and home repair and approached us about expanding into weatherization," he said. Mark welcomed the chance to collaborate with the community action groups to grow the business and offer employment to out-of-work individuals, he says. "We saw an opportunity to create job growth through federal funding and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana) Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana) Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Commercial Agricultural Industrial Construction Retail Supplier Fuel Distributor Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Indiana Economic Development Corporation The Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit is awarded to businesses with projects that result in net new jobs. The tax credit must be a major factor in the company's decision to move forward with the project in Indiana. The refundable tax credit is calculated as a percentage of the expected increased tax withholdings generated from the new jobs. The

62

Hanford Grows Young Minds Through Site Tours | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hanford Grows Young Minds Through Site Tours Hanford Grows Young Minds Through Site Tours Hanford Grows Young Minds Through Site Tours June 3, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis John Britton, with Office of River Protection contractor Washington River Protection Solutions, explains the Hanford tank waste program to Western Washington University students in a recent tour of the Hanford site. John Britton, with Office of River Protection contractor Washington River Protection Solutions, explains the Hanford tank waste program to Western Washington University students in a recent tour of the Hanford site. RICHLAND, Wash. - It is harvest season for cherries, raspberries and rhubarb in Washington state. But employees at the Hanford site are helping grow the young minds of the nation's future science, technology,

63

Solar Among the Fastest Growing Job Markets in America | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to expand at a double-digit annual growth rate shows that efforts to grow the solar market and make solar energy more accessible to all Americans are working. The solar...

64

Idaho Cleanup Project grows its workforce to complete ARRA work  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Idaho Cleanup Project grows its workforce to complete ARRA work CWI President and CEO John Fulton greets newly hired ICP employees at a June orientation session in Idaho Falls....

65

Tropospheric Static Stability and Central North American Growing Season Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the relation between tropospheric static stability and central North American growing season (May–August) rainfall for the highly contrasting years of 1975. 1976, and 1979. It uses two extensive sets of meteorological data ...

Randy A. Peppler; Peter J. Lamb

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

System development & validation process for emerging growing organizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis has the main purpose of presenting the Development and Validation phase of the product development system from the point of view of an emerging and growing product development organization, denoting the obstacles ...

Almazán López, José Antonio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

REAL ESTATE PROCESS | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REAL ESTATE PROCESS REAL ESTATE PROCESS Table of Contents.pdf Real Estate Process.pdf More Documents & Publications dgappendices.pdf Site Selection Process EIS-0222: Amended...

68

Abstract--Wind power generation is growing rapidly. However, maintaining the wind turbine connection to grid is a real  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

induction generator (DFIG). However, no attention has been given to the impact of internal faults) that interface the DFIG with the grid. This paper investigates the impact of the rotor side converter (RSC) IGBT flashover fault on the common coupling (PCC) reactive power and the FRT capability of the DFIG. A proper

Pota, Himanshu Roy

69

Real Property | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Real Property Real Property Real Property DOE has the unique authority under the Atomic Energy Act to dispose or transfer property under certain conditions or to access the services of the General Services Administration to dispose excess real property. During the last 10 years, DOE has transferred more than 30 sites, facilities or property rights (e.g., easements) to other federal agencies, tribal nations, local governments, and private companies. LM is responsible for nearly 13,000 acres of the DOE's land holdings. LM's preference is to transfer excess properties and facilities to other public or private sector parties for management and reuse. LM's Office of Site Operations (LM-20) is responsible for: Setting real estate policy and providing guidance to LM for acquisitions, leases, and disposal of real property.

70

Economic growth continues to drive China's growing need for energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... which has grown at an average real rate of about 10 percent per year over the last 10 years, is a key driver of the increase in energy consumption, ...

71

Economic growth continues to drive China's growing need for energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

China is the world's largest energy consumer. China's economy, which has grown at an average real rate of about 10 percent per year over the last 10 years, is a key ...

72

The Growing Web of Open Data | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Growing Web of Open Data The Growing Web of Open Data The Growing Web of Open Data September 26, 2012 - 10:57am Addthis NREL's Visual API Browser presents energy data APIs as a web of key words. NREL's Visual API Browser presents energy data APIs as a web of key words. Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Across the federal government, Open Data Initiatives aim to "liberate" government data to empower entrepreneurs, improve the lives of Americans, and create jobs. An example of this process is the way that the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration makes weather data freely available for download by anyone. This open data has been used to improve weather newscasts, mobile applications, websites, and even insurance plans.

73

The Growing Web of Open Data | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Growing Web of Open Data The Growing Web of Open Data The Growing Web of Open Data September 26, 2012 - 10:57am Addthis NREL's Visual API Browser presents energy data APIs as a web of key words. NREL's Visual API Browser presents energy data APIs as a web of key words. Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Across the federal government, Open Data Initiatives aim to "liberate" government data to empower entrepreneurs, improve the lives of Americans, and create jobs. An example of this process is the way that the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration makes weather data freely available for download by anyone. This open data has been used to improve weather newscasts, mobile applications, websites, and even insurance plans.

74

Northern Virginia Grows Local Energy Business | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northern Virginia Grows Local Energy Business Northern Virginia Grows Local Energy Business Northern Virginia Grows Local Energy Business January 7, 2010 - 1:08pm Addthis Kristan Castro weatherizes a northern Virginia home. | Photo courtesy EDGE Energy Kristan Castro weatherizes a northern Virginia home. | Photo courtesy EDGE Energy Joshua DeLung What does this mean for me? American taxpayers can benefit from the Residential Energy Property Credit (Section 1121) that increases the energy tax credit for homeowners' energy-efficiency improvements to their existing homes. It didn't take long for Kristan Castro to be convinced of the benefits of performing energy audits on homes and weatherizing them to improve their energy efficiency. He's been in the remodeling business for about 13 years, but it wasn't until this year that he decided to join a team that

75

Better Buildings Challenge Continues to Grow | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Better Buildings Challenge Continues to Grow Better Buildings Challenge Continues to Grow Better Buildings Challenge Continues to Grow June 18, 2012 - 9:49am Addthis Heather Zichal, Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change, at the 23rd Annual Energy Efficiency Forum in Washington, D.C. | Photo courtesy of the Energy Efficiency Forum. Heather Zichal, Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change, at the 23rd Annual Energy Efficiency Forum in Washington, D.C. | Photo courtesy of the Energy Efficiency Forum. Maria Tikoff Vargas Director, Department of Energy Better Buildings Challenge What are the key facts? The Better Buildings Challenge helps America's commercial and industrial buildings become 20 percent more efficient over the next decade. Last week, at the 23rd Annual Energy Efficiency Forum, six new

76

Growing bubbles in a slightly supersaturated liquid solution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have designed and constructed an experimental system to study gas bubble growth in slightly supersatu- rated liquids. This is achieved by working with carbon dioxide dissolved in water, pressurized at a maximum of 1 MPa and applying a small pressure drop from saturation conditions. Bubbles grow from hydrophobic cavities etched on silicon wafers, which allows us to control their number and position. Hence, the experiment can be used to investigate the interaction among bubbles growing in close proximity when the main mass transfer mechanism is diffusion and there is a limited availability of the dissolved species.

Enríquez, Oscar R; Bruggert, Gert-Wim; Lohse, Detlef; Prosperetti, Andrea; van der Meer, Devaraj; Sun, Chao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

(Assessment of the potential of Yunnan Province, China to grow and convert biomass to electricity)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the trip was to conduct a preliminary evaluation of biomass energy development in Yunnan Province, China. The evaluation included an assessment of the potential to grow and convert biomass to electricity, and an evaluation of the institutional relationships, which would be critical to the establishment of a collaborative biomass energy development project. This site visit was undertaken to evaluate the potential of an integrated biomass energy project, including the growing and handling of biomass feedstocks and its conversion to electricity. Based on this site visit, it was concluded that biomass production risks are real and further research on species screening and experiments is necessary before proceeding to the conversion phase of this project. The location of potential sites inspected and the logistics required for handling and transporting biomass may also be a concern. The commitment of support (labor and land) and leadership to this project by the Chinese is overwhelming exceeding all pre-site visit expectations. In sum, there is a definite opportunity in Yunnan for an integrated biomass energy project and a potential market for US technology.

Perlack, R.D.

1990-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

2013 Real Property Desk Guide | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2013 Real Property Desk Guide 2013 Real Property Desk Guide Real Estate Desk Guide - 2013 update.pdf More Documents & Publications REAL ESTATE PROPERTY GUIDE 2013 REAL ESTATE...

79

Federal Real Property Council Guidance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9/18/2012 FY 2012 FRPC DATA REPORTING INSTRUCTIONS I. Background Executive Order 13327, "Federal Real Property Asset Management" was created to promote the efficient and economical use of the Federal Government's real property assets. The E.O. established the interagency Federal Real Property Council (FRPC), established the role of the Senior Real Property Officer, and mandated the creation of a centralized real property database. This document provides instructions for populating the required data in FIMS so that the Department can report in accordance with the FY 2012 reporting requirements. II. Summary of Changes There are no new FIMS data elements required for 2012 reporting and several data elements have been eliminated from reporting. Some of these elements will remain in FIMS when needed for management

80

Greater fuel diversity needed to meet growing US electricity demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricity demand is growing in the USA. One way to manage the uncertainty is to diversity fuel sources. Fuel sources include coal, natural gas, nuclear and renewable energy sources. Tables show actual and planned generation projects by fuel types. 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Burt, B.; Mullins, S. [Industrial Info Resources (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

POFGEC: growing neural network of classifying potential function generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose an architecture and learning algorithm for a growing neural network. Drawing inspiration from the idea of electrical potentials, we develop a classifier based on a set of synthesised potential fields over the domain of input ... Keywords: classification rules, electrical potentials, kernels, neural networks, potential function generators, potential functions

Natacha Gueorguieva; Iren Valova; Georgi Georgiev

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

HEAT THAT GROWS ON TREES Short description of timber energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEAT THAT GROWS ON TREES 6 Short description of timber energy · Along with hydro-electric power, wood is Switzerland's most important energy source. · Wood is CO2-neutral: in sustainably managed, a balance is maintained between growth and combustion). · Wood energy represents a welcome potential use

83

Temperature Dependence of Static Charging in Ice Growing by Riming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Charge transfer between colliding ice particles is measured using a wind tunnel inside a cold room. A cylinder growing by riming in a wind tunnel was used as a target for collisions between 5 and 6 m s?1 with ice spheres of 100-µm diameter. The ...

Eldo E. Avila; Guillermo G. Aguirre Varela; Giorgio M. Caranti

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Real-time Java has become already real  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enhanced complexity of the designed real-time computer systems requires that the developers seek for efficient methods and tools to solve the posed problems. The most obvious and simple approach is to employ technologies that have demonstrated their ...

S. N. Zyl'

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Monthly Energy Review - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other Energy Consumption per Real Dollar of GDP (Thousand Btu per chained (2005) dollar) Total Energy Consumption per Real Dollar of GDP

86

A real time priority scheduler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The real time priority scheduler reported herein evolved from a design effort to provide software aids for handling the interrupts that occur in hybrid computation. Since these interrupts are both internal and external (i.e., generated internal and external ...

Karl Ramsay; Jon C. Strauss

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Essays in real estate finance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is a collection of three essays in real estate finance. In the first essay, we observe that between 1985 and 2007, the share of household mortgage debt as a proportion of the total value of housing in the ...

Bokhari, Sheharyar Javaid

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Process for growing silicon carbide whiskers by undercooling  

SciTech Connect

A method of growing silicon carbide whiskers, especially in the .beta. form, using a heating schedule wherein the temperature of the atmosphere in the growth zone of a furnace is first heated to or beyond the growth temperature and then is cooled to or below the growth temperature to induce nucleation of whiskers at catalyst sites at a desired point in time which results in the selection.

Shalek, Peter D. (Los Alamos, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Renewable energy has political support, room to grow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Renewable energy sources enjoy growing political support and have plenty of room to grow in the worldwide energy mix. And grow they will, according to most projections. The US Energy Information Administration`s (EIA`s) International Energy Outlook 1997 says consumption of hydroelectricity and other renewables will increase by 56% during 1995--2015. The renewable share of the total energy mix will remain at about current levels, however. The EIA projection includes only renewable fuels used in the generation of electricity. It therefore excludes most biomass energy. Despite the importance of biomass energy, data on consumption of it are sparse. IEA estimates that in the industrialized world, the biomass share of primary energy consumption amounts to 3.5%. Also excluded from EIA`s projection because of insufficiency of data are dispersed renewables, a category that includes energy consumed at the site of production, such as solar panels used for water heating. This paper discusses regional trends, North American activity, Western Europe, Asian developments, and the rest of the world.

NONE

1997-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

90

Optimal Management of Renewable Resources with Growing Demand and Stock Externalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAi\\IAGEMEJ. 'n' OF RENEWABLE RESOURCES WIlli GROWING DEMANDapproximation, the problem of a renewable resource is: -f" (MA. ? \\IAGEMENl' OF RENEWABLE RESOURCES WIlli GROWING

Berck, Peter

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Far East LPG sales will grow faster than in West  

SciTech Connect

LPG sales through 2010 in regions east of the Suez Canal (East of Suez) will grow at more than twice those in regions west of the canal. East-of-Suez sales will grow at more than 4.0%/year, compared to slightly less than 2.0%/year growth in sales West of Suez. East-of-Suez sales will reach 92 million tons/year (tpy) by 2010, accounting for 39% of the worldwide total. This share was 31% in1995 and only 27% in 1990. LPG sales worldwide will reach 192 million tons in 2000 and 243 million tpy by 2010. In 1995, they were 163 million tons. These are some of the major conclusions of a recent study by Frank R. Spadine, Christine Kozar, and Rudy Clark of New York City-based consultant Poten and Partners Inc. Details of the study are in the fall report ``World Trade in LPG 1990--2010``. This paper discusses demand segments, seaborne balance, Western sources, largest trading region, North American supplies, and other supplies.

1996-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

92

Growing Pains for New Energy-Saving Technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As we contemplate a revolution in the lighting industry, it is yet unclear in what form tomorrow's solid-state lighting will emerge. Similarly, photovoltaic (PV) power supplied on a utility scale may take a different form from today's flat-plate silicon modules. The success of the PV industry-now a multibillion dollar a year industry and growing at more than 25% per year-has largely come from integrating solar cells into other products. In many cases, this integration required the formation of new business entities. The solid-state lighting industry faces hurdles that are similar to those faced by the PV industry. Therefore, based on the experiences of the PV industry and others, we predict that the growing pains of the solid-state lighting industry will include: (1) identifying entry markets, (2) integrating light-emitting diodes into attractive products, (3) attaining high reliability for these products, and (4) increasing production of these products, thus lowering costs and opening up new markets. These activities must be implemented, keeping in mind that most consumers do not care about buying ''solid-state lighting'' and ''solar cells.'' Rather, they want to buy attractive lighting and inexpensive electricity.

Kurtz, S.

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Real-Time Airborne Particle Analyzer  

Geology, biology, and environmental science HAZMAT Weapons inspection : Real-time method for measuring elemental composition

94

Macroeconomic Real Gross Domestic Product  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Macroeconomic Macroeconomic Real Gross Domestic Product (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) ............. 15,584 15,680 15,819 15,886 15,970 16,068 16,173 16,295 16,422 16,557 16,701 16,832 15,742 16,127 16,628 Real Disposable Personal Income (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) ............. 11,502 11,618 11,703 11,757 11,883 11,970 12,057 12,151 12,273 12,363 12,451 12,526 11,645 12,015 12,403 Real Personal Consumption Expend. (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) ............. 10,644 10,692 10,729 10,813 10,884 10,959 11,036 11,114 11,191 11,264 11,343 11,416 10,719 10,998 11,304 Real Fixed Investment (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) ............. 2,420 2,458 2,491 2,508 2,551 2,604 2,655 2,700 2,752 2,816 2,885 2,944 2,469 2,627 2,849 Business Inventory Change (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) .............

95

Blue Chip Consensus US GDP Forecast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and metro area from Moody’s Economy.com Equivalent to US-level Gross Domestic Product ? The GMP forecasts have a large impact on the peak load forecasts Rule of thumb: 1 % growth in RTO GMP ? approx. 1,000 MW growth in forecast RTO peak load

James F. Wilson

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Oil demand continues to grow in the U.S. and worldwide  

SciTech Connect

Rising oil consumption is challenging the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production quota--but not the group`s ability to meet demand. In the second half of 1995, the oil market will continue to need more oil from OPEC members than the group claims to be willing to produce with its quota at 24.52 million b/d. If the quota really limited supply, ingredients would be in place for a significant price hike. Growth in a non-OPEC production intensities temptations on OPEC members to cheat on quotas and has become a key factor in the market. OPEC producers have seen that if they don`t meet incremental demand at the current price, other producers will. OPEC eventually will have to raise its quota or acknowledge that the artificial production limit lacks meaning. At present, the only real limit to supply is production capacity, which remains in excess relative to demand and which has demonstrated its ability to grow both within and outside of OPEC when prices rise. The paper discusses worldwide trends, pressures on OPEC, world crude prices, US prices, natural gas prices, US energy demand, natural gas use, gas supply, US demand for petroleum products, imports, and inventories.

Tippee, B.; Beck, R.J.

1995-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

97

Scientists Classify Forest Disturbances to Grow Understanding of Climate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 SHARE Scientists Classify Forest Disturbances to Grow Understanding of Climate Change Daniel Hayes, shown here outside of Nome, Alaska, traveled to the Arctic in June to study climate change. Image credit: Santonu Goswami Daniel Hayes, shown here outside of Nome, Alaska, traveled to the Arctic in June to study climate change. Image credit: Santonu Goswami (hi-res image) This feature describes Oak Ridge National Laboratory research presented at the 98th annual meeting of the Ecological Society of America. The theme of the meeting, held Aug. 4-9 in Minnesota, is "Sustainable Pathways: Learning From the Past and Shaping the Future." Fire, logging, insects and extreme weather can wreak havoc on forests. With support from the Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation,

98

COLLOQUIUM: Are Mushrooms the Next Polymers?: Growing Plastic Replacements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 20, 2013, 4:15pm to 6:30pm March 20, 2013, 4:15pm to 6:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Are Mushrooms the Next Polymers?: Growing Plastic Replacements with Fungi Mr. Gavin McIntyre Ecovative Design LLC Colloquium Committee: The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory 2013-2014 Colloquium Committee is comprised of the following people. Please feel free to contact them by e-mail regarding any possible speakers or topics for future colloquia. Carol Ann Austin caustin@pppl.gov John Greenwald, Chair jgreenwa@pppl.gov Charles H. Skinner cskinner@pppl.gov Daren Stotler dstotler@pppl.gov Carol Ann Austin 609-243-2484 Contact Information Coordinator(s): Ms. Carol Ann Austin caustin@pppl.gov Host(s): Ms. Kelsey Tresemer ktreseme@pppl.gov PPPL Entrance Procedures Visitor Information, Directions, Security at PPPL

99

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Tully Champion`  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A distinct female cultivar of Salix viminalis.times.S. miyabeana named `Tully Champion`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 25% more woody biomass than two current production clones (Salix dasyclados `SV1` and Salix miyabeana `SX64`), more than 2.5-fold greater biomass than one of its parents (Salix miyabeana `SX67`), and nearly 3-fold more biomass than another production clone (Salix sacchalinensis, `SX61`) when grown in the same field for the same length of time (two growing seasons after coppice) in Tully, N.Y. `Tully Champion` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested repeatedly after two to four years of growth. `Tully Champion` displays a low incidence of rust disease and is not damaged by potato leafhoppers.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P. (Marcellus, NY); Kopp, Richard F. (Marietta, NY); Smart, Lawrence B. (Geneva, NY); Volk, Timothy A. (Syracuse, NY)

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

100

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: April 20, 7: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on AddThis.com... Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older The median age of cars continues to grow in 2008 while the median age of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

In Search of Real Rigidities ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The closed and open economy literatures work on evaluating the role of real rigidities, but in parallel. This paper brings the two literatures together. We use international price data and exchange rate shocks to evaluate the importance of real rigidities in price setting. We show that consistent with the presence of real rigidities the response of reset-price inflation to exchange rate shocks depicts significant persistence. Individual import prices, conditional on changing, respond to exchange rate shocks prior to the last price change. At the same time aggregate reset-price inflation for imports, like that for consumer prices, depicts little persistence. Competitor prices affect firm pricing, and exchange rate pass-through into import prices is greater in response to tradeweighted as opposed to bilateral exchange rate shocks. We quantitatively evaluate sticky price models (Calvo and menu cost) with variable markups at the wholesale level and constant markups at the retail level, consistent with empirical evidence. Variable markups alone generate price sluggishness at the aggregate level, while they fall short of matching price persistence at the micro level. Finally, variable markups magnify the size of the contract multiplier, but their absolute effects are modest unless they are coupled with exogenous sources of persistence.

Gita Gopinath

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Impacts of Climate Change on the Growing Season in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding the effects of climate change on the vegetative growing season is key to quantifying future hydrologic water budget conditions. The U.S. Geological Survey modeled changes in future growing season length at 14 basins across 11 states. ...

Daniel E. Christiansen; Steven L. Markstrom; Lauren E. Hay

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Human Contribution to the Lengthening of the Growing Season during 1950–99  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing surface temperatures are expected to result in longer growing seasons. An optimal detection analysis is carried out to assess the significance of increases in the growing season length during 1950–99, and to measure the anthropogenic ...

Nikolaos Christidis; Peter A. Stott; Simon Brown; David J. Karoly; John Caesar

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Neustar White Paper: When Smart Grids Grow Smart Enough to Solve...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Solve Crimes Neustar White Paper: When Smart Grids Grow Smart Enough to Solve Crimes Smart Grid data access Neustar White Paper: When Smart Grids Grow Smart Enough to Solve...

105

Investigations into the Robustness of Sustainable Real Estate Premiums and Commercial Real Estate Econometrics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation consists of three papers, all using CoStar Group, Inc. Commercial Real Estate (CRE) data. The first two papers explore Sustainable Real Estate (Energy… (more)

Robinson, Spenser J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Biotechnology and genetic optimization of fast-growing hardwoods  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A biotechnology research program was initiated to develop new clones of fast-growing Populus clones resistant to the herbicide glyphosate and resistant to the leaf-spot and canker disease caused by the fungus Septoria musiva. Glyphosate-resistant callus was selected from stem segments cultured in vitro on media supplemented with the herbicide. Plants were regenerated from the glyphosate-resistant callus tissue. A portion of plants reverted to a glyphosate susceptible phenotype during organogenesis. A biologically active filtrate was prepared from S. musiva and influenced fresh weight of Populus callus tissue. Disease-resistant plants were produced through somaclonal variation when shoots developed on stem internodes cultured in vitro. Plantlets were screened for disease symptoms after spraying with a suspension of fungal spores. A frequency of 0.83 percent variant production was observed. Genetically engineered plants were produced after treatment of plant tissue with Agrobacterium tumefasciens strains carrying plasmid genes for antibiotic resistance. Transformers were selected on media enriched with the antibiotic, kanamycin. Presence of foreign DNA was confirmed by Southern blot analysis. Protoplasts of popular were produced but did not regenerate into plant organs. 145 refs., 12 figs., 36 tabs.

Garton, S.; Syrkin-Wurtele, E.; Griffiths, H.; Schell, J.; Van Camp, L.; Bulka, K. (NPI, Salt Lake City, UT (United States))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Soviet Union oil sector outlook grows bleaker still  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the outlook for the U.S.S.R's oil sector which grows increasingly bleak and with it prospects for the Soviet economy. Plunging Soviet oil production and exports have analysts revising near term oil price outlooks, referring to the Soviet oil sector's self-destructing and Soviet oil production in a freefall. County NatWest, Washington, citing likely drops in Soviet oil production and exports (OGJ, Aug. 5, p. 16), has jumped its projected second half spot price for West Texas intermediate crude by about $2 to $22-23/bbl. Smith Barney, New York, forecasts WTI postings at $24-25/bbl this winter, largely because of seasonally strong world oil demand and the continued collapse in Soviet oil production. It estimates the call on oil from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries at more than 25 million b/d in first quarter 1992. That would be the highest level of demand for OPEC oil since 1980, Smith Barney noted.

Not Available

1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

108

Interest grows in African oil and gas opportunities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As African countries continue a slow drift towards democratic government and market economics, the continent is increasingly attractive to international oil and gas companies. Though Africa remains politically diverse, and its volatile politics remains a major barrier to petroleum companies, a number of recent developments reflect its growing significance for the industry. Among recent projects and events reflecting changes in Africa: oil and gas exporter Algeria has invited foreign oil companies to help develop major gas discoveries, with a view to boosting exports to Europe; oil and gas producer Egypt invited foreign companies to explore in the Nile Delta region, and the result appears to be a flowering world scale gas play; west African offshore exploration has entered deep water and new areas, and a number of major projects are expected in years to come; Nigeria`s reputation as a difficult place to operate has been justified by recent political and civil events, but a long-planned liquefied natural gas (LNG) export plant is being built there; South Africa, which has returned to the international scene after years of trade isolation because of apartheid, is emerging as a potential driver for energy industry schemes throughout the continent. Activities are discussed.

Knott, D.

1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

109

OPEC influence grows with world output in next decade  

SciTech Connect

World crude oil and condensate output will rise to 75 million bopd in 2004, concludes a recently released Petroconsultant study, entitled Worldwide Crude Oil 10-Year Forecast. It also projects that OPEC`s role in supplying demand will simultaneously grow to nearly 50% of total output. In reaching these conclusions, this report analyzed and predicted each of 94 significant producing nations for the 1995--2004 period. Output has been projected separately for the onshore and offshore sectors. Each nation, including the new republics of the former Soviet Union and individual emirates of the United Arab Emirates, is discussed within its regional and global framework; and key aspects of each of the seven major regions have been delineated. The study integrated full-cycle resource analysis, economics, infrastructure, politics, history, consumption levels and patterns, energy balances, and other pertinent data to cover both supply and demand pictures. The entire discovery and production history was used to frame exploration and development maturity. Future discovery potential has been estimated from largely geologic parameters.

Foreman, N.E. [Petroconsultants, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Surveillance and human-computer interaction applications of self-growing models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of the work is to build self-growing based architectures to support visual surveillance and human-computer interaction systems. The objectives include: identifying and tracking persons or objects in the scene or the interpretation of user gestures ... Keywords: Growing Neural Gas, Human-computer interaction, Self-growing models, Surveillance systems, Topology preservation

José García-Rodríguez; Juan Manuel García-Chamizo

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Predictable real-time software synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Formal theories for real-time systems (such as timed process algebra, timed automata and timed petri nets) have gained great success in the modeling of concurrent timing behavior and in the analysis of real-time properties. However, due to the ineliminable ... Keywords: Formal methods, Program synthesis, Real-time systems

Jinfeng Huang; Jeroen Voeten; Henk Corporaal

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

MESA Makes It Real The  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microsystems & Engineering Microsystems & Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) MESA Makes It Real The Microsystems & Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Complex represents the essential facilities and equipment to design, develop, manufacture, integrate, and qualify microsystems for national security needs that cannot or should not be made in industry- either because the low volumes required for these applications are not profitable for the private sector, or because of stringent security requirements for high-consequence systems. Microsystems extend the information processing capabilities of silicon integrated circuits to add functions such as sensing, actuation, and communication-all integrated within a single package. The MESA Complex integrates the scientific,

113

Real time infrared aerosol analyzer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for analyzing aerosols in essentially real time includes a virtual impactor which separates coarse particles from fine and ultrafine particles in an aerosol sample. The coarse and ultrafine particles are captured in PTFE filters, and the fine particles impact onto an internal light reflection element. The composition and quantity of the particles on the PTFE filter and on the internal reflection element are measured by alternately passing infrared light through the filter and the internal light reflection element, and analyzing the light through infrared spectrophotometry to identify the particles in the sample.

Johnson, Stanley A. (Countryside, IL); Reedy, Gerald T. (Bourbonnais, IL); Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Cisco Systems, Inc. Responses to Department of Commerce ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to-year increase in real per capita GDP ... But beyond increases in GDP and employment ... by dramatic innovation in healthcare, education, and energy. ...

2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

115

U.S. States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, ... Total Energy Consumption: Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Energy Consumption per Real Dollar of GDP: State: Trillion Btu:

116

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Real Time Pricing Xcel Energy (Public Service Companywith Real Time Pricing Xcel Energy, MDC (MinnesotaUtilities Division). 2001. “Xcel Energy’s Real-Time Pricing

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Real Scalar Fields on Manifolds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A generic theory of a single real scalar field is considered, and a simple method is presented for obtaining a class of solutions to the equation of motion. These solutions are obtained from a simpler equation of motion that is generated by replacing a set of the original coordinates by a set of generalized coordinates, which are harmonic functions in the spacetime. These ansatz solutions solve the original equation of motion on manifolds that are defined by simple constraints. These manifolds, and their dynamics, are independent of the form of the scalar potential. Some scalar field solutions, and manifolds upon which they exist, are presented for Klein-Gordon and quartic potentials as examples. Solutions existing on leaves of a foliated space may allow inferences of the characteristics expected of exact bulk solutions.

J. R. Morris

2008-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

118

Acquisition of Real Property | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Acquisition of Real Property Acquisition of Real Property Acquisition of Real Property Acquisition of Real Property Memorandum of Understanding Between the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Army Amendment to the Memorandum of Understanding Between the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Army Standard Form 118 and 118A Report of Excess Real Property Forms Requirements: Document Title P.L. 106-580 Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, As Amended P.L. 95-91, Section 647 U.S. Department of Energy Organization Act P.L. 83-703 (68 Stat. 919), Section 161g Grants Special Authority as Required in the Act to Acquire, Sell, Dispose, etc., of Real Property in Furtherance of the Department's Mission (Under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954)

119

Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chapter 17.3 (March 2011) Chapter 17.3 (March 2011) 1 Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate References DEAR 917.74 - Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate DOE Directives DOE Order 413.3B, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, or current version DOE Order 430.1B, Real Property Asset Management, or current version Overview This section provides internal Departmental information and DOE and NNSA points of contact for issues dealing with real estate acquisition, use, and disposal for cost reimbursement and fixed price contracts when in performance of the contract, the contractor will acquire or proposes to acquire use of real property. Background DEAR Subpart 917.74 - Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate provides the policy and

120

Photo of the Week: How to Grow Superconducting Crystals | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How to Grow Superconducting Crystals How to Grow Superconducting Crystals Photo of the Week: How to Grow Superconducting Crystals September 13, 2013 - 11:29am Addthis Many of the materials that scientists work with at Brookhaven National Laboratory are too small and too precise for traditional tools. In cases like these, the labs grow materials instead of building them. Brookhaven physicist Genda Gu pioneered techniques that grow some of the largest single-crystal high-temperature superconductors in the world. The glowing chamber in this photo grows superconducting crystals. To do so, the furnace focuses infrared light onto a rod, melting it around 4,000 degrees Fahrenheit. Under just the right conditions, the liquefied material recrystallizes as a single uniform structure, which is highly sensitive and takes about one month to form. | Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Research Energy Systems Integration Real Time2) integration with CA ISO energy management system (EMS);2) integration with CA ISO energy management system (EMS);

Eto, Joe

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Student's algorithm solves real-world problem  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

how to use powerful computers to analyze, model, and solve real-world problems," Jordan Medlock wins supercomputer challenge with his algorithm that automates counting and...

123

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Navin Bhatt (American Electric Power) Participants of theStability Analysis”, Electric Power System Research, Vol.  and M.  Skowronski, Electric Power Group.  2003.  ?Real?

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

real_property_asset_ver_10.indd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOEME-0060 Editors Notes: This Real Property Asset Management Plan covers the Department of Energy including the National Nuclear Security Administration, the Energy Information...

125

Real options valuation in energy markets .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Real options have been widely applied to analyze investment planning and asset valuation under uncertainty in many industries, especially energy markets. Because of their close… (more)

Zhou, Jieyun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Science.gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

5, 2012 Science.gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year Washington, DC - Science.gov, known for its groundbreaking search and retrieval of government science...

127

Effect of energy supply on amino acid utilization by growing steers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Effects of energy supply on the efficiency of methionine and leucine utilization in growing steers were evaluated in 3 studies. We hypothesized that increased energy… (more)

Schroeder, Guillermo Fernando

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Investigating the feasibility of growing algae for fuel in southern Nevada.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Microalgae capable of growing in waste are adequate to be mass-cultivated for biodiesel, avoiding fertilizers and clean water, two obstacles to sustainability of the feedstock… (more)

Moazeni, Faegheh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Material World: Forecasting Household Appliance Ownership in a Growing Global Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Household Income and Appliance Ownership. ECEEE Summerof decreasing prices of appliances, if price data becomesForecasting Household Appliance Ownership in a Growing

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Market Drivers Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue Figure 35. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data The output of the Nation’s economy, measured by GDP, is projected to grow by 3.1 percent per year between 2003 and 2025 (with GDP based on 2000 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 35). The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year between 2003 and 2025. Labor productivity growth in the nonfarm business sector is projected at 2.2 percent per year. Compared with the second half of the 1990s, the rates of growth in GDP and nonfarm employment were lower from 2000 through 2002. Economic growth has

131

EIA - AEO2010 - Energy intensity trends in AEO2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

intensity trends in AEO2010 intensity trends in AEO2010 Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Figure 17. Trends in U.S. oil prices, energy consumption, and economic output, 1950-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Energy intensity trends in AEO2010 Energy intensity—energy consumption per dollar of real GDP—indicates how much energy a country uses to produce its goods and services. From the early 1950s to the early 1970s, U.S. total primary energy consumption and real GDP increased at nearly the same annual rate (Figure 17). During that period, real oil prices remained virtually flat. In contrast, from the mid-1970s to 2008, the relationship between energy consumption and real GDP growth changed, with primary energy consumption growing at less than one-third the previous average rate and real GDP growth continuing to grow at its historical rate. The decoupling of real GDP growth from energy consumption growth led to a decline in energy intensity that averaged 2.8 percent per year from 1973 to 2008. In the AEO2010 Reference case, energy intensity continues to decline, at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent from 2008 to 2035.

132

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May 2010 May 2010 1 May 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook May 11, 2010 Release Highlights  EIA projects U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) will grow by 3.0 percent and world real oil-consumption-weighted GDP will increase by 3.6 percent in 2010, both of which are 0.2 percent higher than in the previous Outlook. The 2011 forecast for real GDP growth is at 2.9 percent and 3.7 percent for the United States and the world, respectively.  The more optimistic economic growth forecasts lead to an increase of about $2 per barrel in EIA's projections for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices compared with the prior Outlook. EIA expects WTI prices to average

133

Separation axioms and the fuzzy real lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that for each lattice L which is completely distributive and equipped with an order-reversing involution, the canonical topology of the fuzzy real line @?(L) is uniformizable in the sense of Hutton; furthermore, this uniformity induces a pseudometric ... Keywords: ?-Hausdorff, Fuzzy subspace, Fuzzy topology, Product L-fuzzy real line, Pseudometrizable, Quasi-uniformity, Suitable, Uniformity

S. E. Rodabaugh

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Harvest evaluation model and system of fast-growing and high-yield poplar plantation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper is based on the research of forestry experts' systems funded by ''National Tenth-Five-Year 863 Plan''. In the context of the collective forest rights system reforms, in order to enhance the technological support to the farmers in the fast-growing ... Keywords: Decision support system, Fast-growing poplar plantation, Forest management, Growth model, Harvest evaluation and prediction, Harvest model

Baoguo Wu; Yan Qi; Chi Ma; Hongquan Zhang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

NRRI NowSpring/Summer 2008 GrowingStrongIndustries~DevelopingNewIdeas~NurturingNaturalResources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,500 mattresses a month to Duluth Goodwill Industries (and growing!) 360 pounds per cubic yard ­ compaction rateNRRI NowSpring/Summer 2008 GrowingStrongIndustries~DevelopingNewIdeas~NurturingNaturalResources 2 The afterlife of mattresses Birds in the riparian zone Pellet industry heats up Watchdogs for change Biology

Netoff, Theoden

136

Student's algorithm solves real-world problem  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Student's algorithm solves real-world problem Student's algorithm solves real-world problem Supercomputing Challenge: student's algorithm solves real-world problem Students learn how to use powerful computers to analyze, model, and solve real-world problems. April 3, 2012 Jordon Medlock of Albuquerque's Manzano High School won the 2012 Lab-sponsored Supercomputing Challenge Jordon Medlock of Albuquerque's Manzano High School won the 2012 Lab-sponsored Supercomputing Challenge by creating a computer algorithm that automates the process of counting and analyzing plaques, substances in the blood such as fat and cholesterol found in persons diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. Contact Kurt Steinhaus (505) 665-7370 Email "The mission of the Supercomputing Challenge is to teach students how to use powerful computers to analyze, model, and solve real-world problems,"

137

Theorem Proving with the Real Numbers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis discusses the use of the real numbers in theorem proving. Typically, theorem provers only support a few `discrete' datatypes such as the natural numbers. However the availability of the real numbers opens up many interesting and important application areas, such as the verification of floating point hardware and hybrid systems. It also allows the formalization of many more branches of classical mathematics, which is particularly relevant for attempts to inject more rigour into computer algebra systems. Our work is conducted in a version of the HOL theorem prover. We describe the rigorous definitional construction of the real numbers, using a new version of Cantor's method, and the formalization of a significant portion of real analysis. We also describe an advanced derived decision procedure for the `Tarski subset' of real algebra as well as some more modest but practically useful tools for automating explicit calculations and routine linear arithmetic reasoning. Finally,...

John Robert Harrison

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

The real mission of ITER  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For future machines, the plasma stored energy is going up by factors of 20-40x, and plasma currents by 2-3x, while the surface to volume ratio is at the same time decreasing. Therefore the disruption forces, even for constant B, (which scale like IxB), and associated possible localized heating on machine components, are more severe. Notably, Tore Supra has demonstrated removal of more than 1 GJ of input energy, over nearly a 400 second period. However, the instantaneous stored energy in the Tore Supra system (which is most directly related to the potential for disruption damage) is quite small compared to other large tokamaks. The goal of ITER is routinely described as studying DT burning plasmas with a Q {approx} 10. In reality, ITER has a much more important first order mission. In fact, if it fails at this mission, the consequences are that ITER will never get to the eventual stated purpose of studying a burning plasma. The real mission of ITER is to study (and demonstrate successfully) plasma control with {approx}10-17 MA toroidal currents and {approx}100-400 MJ plasma stored energy levels in long-pulse scenarios. Before DT operation is ever given a go-ahead in ITER, the reality is that ITER must demonstrate routine and reliable control of high energy hydrogen (and deuterium) plasmas. The difficulty is that ITER must simultaneously deal with several technical problems: (1) heat removal at the plasma/wall interface, (2) protection of the wall components from off-normal events, and (3) generation of dust/redeposition of first wall materials. All previous tokamaks have encountered hundred's of major disruptions in the course of their operation. The consequences of a few MA of runaway electrons (at 20-50 MeV) being generated in ITER, and then being lost to the walls are simply catastrophic. They will not be deposited globally, but will drift out (up, down, whatever, depending on control system), and impact internal structures, unless 'ameliorated'. Basically, this represents an extraordinarily robust e-beam welding machine, capable of deep penetration into any armor tiles, to the cooling channels which are embedded less than 1 cm below the tile surface. When energy is deposited in a fraction of a second on (or in) a tile, the presence of underlying water cooling does no good for the purposes of heat removal.

Wurden, G A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

JAVA & Parallelism/Real-time systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Windowing Toolkit (AWT) in a memory-efficient way. JAVA Application Environment (JAE) Support enables the same applets and applications to run on other servers or platforms running the JAVA Virtual Machine. CHAPTER 2 Embedded and Real-Time JAVA According to the designers at Sun Microsystems, is JAVA also suitable for Embedded or Real-Time systems. Before proceeding further it is worth trying to define the phrase `real-time system' more precisely. 2.1 Definition of a real-time system There are many interpretations of the exact nature of a real-time system; however, they all have in common the notion of response time, the time taken for the system to generate output from some associated input. The Oxford Dictionary of Computing [48] gives the following definition of a real-time system. A real-time system is... Any system in which the time at which output is produced is significant. This is usually because the input corresponds to some movement in the physical world, and the output ha...

D. F. Nooren

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Growing value organically : sustainable real estate development and long term value creation in rural communities on the north shore of Oahu, Hawaii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The topics explored in this thesis are first how the value inherent in agriculturally zoned land can be used to support the development of an organic farm and sustainable living demonstration center; and second, whether ...

Karau, Gordon G., 1978-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Real time sensor for therapeutic radiation delivery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a real time sensor for therapeutic radiation. A probe is placed in or near the patient that senses in real time the dose at the location of the probe. The strength of the dose is determined by either an insertion or an exit probe. The location is determined by a series of vertical and horizontal sensing elements that gives the operator a real time read out dose location relative to placement of the patient. The increased accuracy prevents serious tissue damage to the patient by preventing overdose or delivery of a dose to a wrong location within the body. 14 figs.

Bliss, M.; Craig, R.A.; Reeder, P.L.

1998-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

142

Real time sensor for therapeutic radiation delivery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a real time sensor for therapeutic radiation. A probe is placed in or near the patient that senses in real time the dose at the location of the probe. The strength of the dose is determined by either an insertion or an exit probe. The location is determined by a series of vertical and horizontal sensing elements that gives the operator a real time read out dose location relative to placement of the patient. The increased accuracy prevents serious tissue damage to the patient by preventing overdose or delivery of a dose to a wrong location within the body.

Bliss, Mary (West Richland, WA); Craig, Richard A. (West Richland, WA); Reeder, Paul L. (Richland, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

High-Level Real-Time Concurrency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary goal of all real-time systems is predictability. Achieving this goal requires all levels of the system to be well de ned and have a xed worst-case execution time. These needs have resulted in the creation of overly restrictive commercial real-time systems providing only ad-hoc scheduling facilities and basic concurrent functionality. Ad-hoc scheduling makes developing, verifying, and maintaining a real-time system extremely dicult and time consuming. Basic concurrent functionality forces programmers to develop complex concurrent programs without the aid of high-level concurrency features.

Ashif S. Harji; C Ashif S. Harji

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Property:Real-Time | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Real-Time Real-Time Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Real-Time Property Type String Pages using the property "Real-Time" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + No + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + A Alden Large Flume + Yes + Alden Small Flume + Yes + Alden Tow Tank + Yes + Alden Wave Basin + Yes + B Breakwater Research Facility + No + Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + No + C Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + No + Carderock 3-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + No + Carderock Circulating Water Channel + No +

145

Enterprise Zone Real Property Investment Grant (Virginia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Enterprise Zone Real Property Investment Grant provides qualified zone investors with cash grants for industrial, commercial or mixed use property. The grant is equal to 20% of the excess...

146

Real Time Energy Pricing Web Services Implementation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real Time Energy Pricing Web Services Implementation Speaker(s): Jim Boch Kim McCaffrey Robert Nawy Date: December 15, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of...

147

Real time estimation of Bayesian networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For real time evaluation of a Bayesian network when there is not sufficient time to obtain an exact solution, a guaranteed response time, approximate solution is required. It is shown that non traditional methods utilizing estimators based on an archive ...

Robert L. Welch

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Real-time rendering systems in 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a case for future real-time rendering systems that support non-physically-correct global illumination techniques by using ray tracing visibility algorithms, by integrating scene management with rendering, and by executing on general-purpose ...

William R. Mark; Donald Fussell

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Turkish residential real estate investment analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the investment potential for Turkish Residential Real Estate Market, focusing mainly on Istanbul. With a stable economy since 2002, dynamic population, geo-political location and the potential accession ...

Ciller, Berk (Berk U.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Revisiting performance persistence in real estate funds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, real estate opportunity fund returns were analyzed for evidence of persistence in subsequent funds from the same manager; it is designed to update and enhance a prior thesis performed by Cathy C. Hahn (2003), ...

LaFever, Robert A. (Robert Anthony)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Real-Time Mesoscale Prediction on workstations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experience in performing real-time mesoscale numerical prediction forecasts using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) over Colorado for a winter season on high-performance workstations is summarized. Performance evaluation is done for ...

William R. Cotton; Gregory Thompson; Paul W. Mieike Jr.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Real time PCR measurement by fluorescence anisotropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the gold-standard for quantitation in both mutation and gene expression analyses. Already this technique has found valuable clinical application in disease diagnosis and progression ...

Crane, Bryan Lee, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Virtualisation: Real security for virtual machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Server virtualisation offers many real benefits to enterprises, maximising hardware resources and providing significant cost and energy savings. But there is a downside: all of the security issues we battle on networked systems also plague virtual machines, ...

Ulf Mattsson

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Gaiam Real Goods | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gaiam Real Goods Gaiam Real Goods Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Gaiam Real Goods Name Gaiam Real Goods Address 833 W So. Boulder Rd Place Boulder, Colorado Zip 80307 Sector Solar Product PV panel, efficient lighting distributor Website http://www.gaiam.com/realgoods Coordinates 39.986413°, -105.198189° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.986413,"lon":-105.198189,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

155

Near Real-Time Push Middleware  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Architecture.. 102 System Trial .. 109 Chapter 6 Electric vehicle smart charging and vehicle-to-gridSmart Grid, to address deficiencies in existing research, and to advance the state of the art in near real-time push architectures.

Mal, Siddhartha Byron

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Real-Time Green--Making Urban Climate Protection Matter in a Recession  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real-Time Green--Making Urban Climate Protection Matter in a Recession Real-Time Green--Making Urban Climate Protection Matter in a Recession Speaker(s): Scott Bernstein Date: September 16, 2011 - 11:30am Location: 90-3075 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Mark Levine In the 1980s, the number of cities or regions that assembled an energy or carbon baseline could be counted on one hand; today that number is in the thousands. But much of the excitement about an aggressive approach to effective climate protection has been sobered by the economic situation. While a greener economy is necessary to a full recovery, maintaining commitments made while the larger economy was growing is difficult. Scott Bernstein of the Center for Neighborhood Technology, who was directly involved in the crafting of the Chicago Climate Action Plan, will present a

157

Growing machines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

construction is developed in three dimensions. It is similarly shown that right-angled tetrahedrons, when folded from an edge-connected string, can generate any three dimensional structure where the primitive pixel (or ...

Griffith, Saul Thomas, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

The Interannual Variability of the Onset of the Maize Growing Season over South Africa and Zimbabwe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsistence farmers within southern Africa have identified the onset of the maize growing season as an important seasonal characteristic, advance knowledge of which would aid preparations for the planting of rain-fed maize. Onset over South ...

M. A. Tadross; B. C. Hewitson; M. T. Usman

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Building community assets through individual development accounts : growing a strategic network in Lawrence, Massachusetts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis aims to inform the decision-making process for growing an asset-building program through strategic partnerships with other community-based organizations (CBOs). The impetus for this paper came from Lawrence ...

Wu, Cindy C. (Cindy Cin-Wei)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Microphysical Measurements from an Aircraft Ascending with a Growing Isolated Maritime Cumulus Tower  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of precipitation in the top of an isolated maritime cumulus tower is traced by four rapid penetrations with an instrumented aircraft between 400 and 1000 m below the visible top of the growing tower. The hydrometeor distribution ...

Paul T. Willis; John Hallett

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Senior Real Property Officer (SRPO) Responsibilities About Senior Real Property Officers (SRPO)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Senior Real Property Officer (SRPO) Senior Real Property Officer (SRPO) Responsibilities About Senior Real Property Officers (SRPO) The SRPO is a senior-level manager who develops and implements agency asset management plans. The SRPO is responsible for ensuring that the asset management plan meets the following requirements: Identify and categorize real property owned, leased, or managed by the SRPO's agency Identify and pursue goals with appropriate deadlines for real property and measure agency progress Prioritize actions to be taken to improve the operational and financial management of the agency's real property inventory and make life cycle estimations associated with the prioritized actions Identify and pursue goals, with appropriate deadlines, consistent with and supportive of the

162

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response to Electricity Real-Time Prices: Short Run and Longat the prevailing real time price. Because only marginalService Rate RTP: Real Time Price Rate Experimental Day

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Wealth Transfers from Implementing Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

who are charged real-time prices. I discuss the politicalif customers exhibit real-time price elasticities of -0.1, Iit sees the actual real-time electricity price and responds.

Borenstein, Severin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Current status of DIII-D real-time digital plasma control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the current status of real-time digital plasma control for the DIII-D tokamak. The digital plasma control system (PCS) has been in place at DIII-D since the early 1990s and continues to expand and improve in its capabilities to monitor and control plasma parameters for DIII-D fusion science experiments. The PCs monitors over 200 tokamak parameters from the DIII-D experiment using a real-time data acquisition system that acquires a new set of samples once every 60 {micro}s. This information is then used in a number of feedback control algorithms to compute and control a variety of parameters including those affecting plasma shape and position. A number of system related improvements has improved the usability and flexibility of the DIII-D PCS. These include more graphical user interfaces to assist in entering and viewing the large and ever growing number of parameters controlled by the PCS, increased interaction and accessibility from other DIII-D applications, and upgrades to the computer hardware and vended software. Future plans for the system include possible upgrades of the real-time computers, further links to other DIII-D diagnostic measurements such as real-time Thomson scattering analysis, and joint collaborations with other tokamak experiments including the NSTX at Princeton.

Penaflor, B.G.; Piglowski, D.A.; Ferron, J.R.; Walker, M.L.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Development of a process for releasing non-real property under order DOE 5400.5.  

SciTech Connect

It is the policy of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to improve environmental quality and conserve natural and economic resources by, among other things, increasing the reuse and recycle of recoverable materials in order to minimize land disposal of wastes. Consistent with this policy, DOE's Office of Environmental Management believes it is important to pursue strategies for reusing and recycling the large and growing DOE inventory of recoverable non-real property. However, responsible pursuit of such strategies requires careful prior consideration of the available alternatives, given the radiological character of much of the non-real property to be released. Requirements applicable to considerations of this type are established by Order DOE 5400.5, Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment. This article describes the development and content of a step-by-step process designed to provide confidence that radiological doses to the public from recycle or reuse of released non-real property containing residual radioactive material meet applicable regulatory standards, are as low as reasonably achievable, and meet the requirements in Order DOE 5400.5 for release of such material. The full process, described in the Draft Handbook for Controlling Release for Reuse or Recycle of Non-Real Property Containing Residual Radioactive Material (for interim use and comment), DOE-HDBK-xxxx-97 (June 1997), is available for viewing and downloading at http://www.em.doe.gov/recyc.

Warren, S.; Ranek, N. L.; Hensley, J.; Environmental Assessment; DOE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Real Time System Operations (RTSO) 2006-2007 project focused on two parallel technical tasks: (1) Real-Time Applications of Phasors for Monitoring, Alarming and Control; and (2) Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment (RTVSA) Prototype Tool. The overall goal of the phasor applications project was to accelerate adoption and foster greater use of new, more accurate, time-synchronized phasor measurements by conducting research and prototyping applications on California ISO's phasor platform - Real-Time Dynamics Monitoring System (RTDMS) -- that provide previously unavailable information on the dynamic stability of the grid. Feasibility assessment studies were conducted on potential application of this technology for small-signal stability monitoring, validating/improving existing stability nomograms, conducting frequency response analysis, and obtaining real-time sensitivity information on key metrics to assess grid stress. Based on study findings, prototype applications for real-time visualization and alarming, small-signal stability monitoring, measurement based sensitivity analysis and frequency response assessment were developed, factory- and field-tested at the California ISO and at BPA. The goal of the RTVSA project was to provide California ISO with a prototype voltage security assessment tool that runs in real time within California ISO?s new reliability and congestion management system. CERTS conducted a technical assessment of appropriate algorithms, developed a prototype incorporating state-of-art algorithms (such as the continuation power flow, direct method, boundary orbiting method, and hyperplanes) into a framework most suitable for an operations environment. Based on study findings, a functional specification was prepared, which the California ISO has since used to procure a production-quality tool that is now a part of a suite of advanced computational tools that is used by California ISO for reliability and congestion management.

Eto, Joseph H.; Parashar, Manu; Lewis, Nancy Jo

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

167

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing List ofUtility Experience with Real Time Pricing Table of Contents Acknowledgements iii Table of Contents..v List

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Multi-Criteria Optimisation using Past, Real Time and Predictive...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multi-Criteria Optimisation using Past, Real Time and Predictive Performance Benchmarks Title Multi-Criteria Optimisation using Past, Real Time and Predictive Performance...

169

A passion for physics, Zoe Martin, receives exposure to real...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for physics student receives exposure to real-world science A passion for physics, Zoe Martin, receives exposure to real-world science Physics undergraduate runs computer...

170

Appendix C: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment (VSA) Prototype Functional SpecificationsPrototype Development Title Appendix C: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security...

171

Appendix B: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

B: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment (VSA) Summary Report Title Appendix B: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment (VSA) Summary Report Publication...

172

Appendix A: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A: California ISO Real Time Voltage Security Assessment (VSA) Project: Summary of Survey Results on Methodologies for use in Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment Title Appendix A:...

173

Real-Time Chemical Imaging of Bacterial Biofilm Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real-Time Chemical Imaging of Bacterial Biofilm Development Real-Time Chemical Imaging of Bacterial Biofilm Development Print Wednesday, 25 August 2010 00:00 Scientists have...

174

Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Use, and Disposal of Real Estate More Documents & Publications Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides Chapter 17 - Special Contracting Methods...

175

City and County of Honolulu - Real Property Tax Exemption for...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Real Property Tax Exemption for Alternative Energy Improvements City and County of Honolulu - Real Property Tax Exemption for Alternative Energy Improvements Eligibility Commercial...

176

Wireless technology collects real-time information from oil and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wireless technology collects real-time information from oil and gas wells Wireless technology collects real-time information from oil and gas wells The patented system delivers...

177

2013 guidance fo real Property Inventory Reporting | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2013 guidance fo real Property Inventory Reporting 2013 guidance fo real Property Inventory Reporting SIGNEDFY13RptInstructions REV - 2013.08.15.pdf More Documents &...

178

Real Property Asset Management Plan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Real Property Asset Management Plan Real Property Asset Management Plan coverbooked.indd More Documents & Publications coverbooked.indd coverbooked.indd Tribal Summit Book.indd...

179

Definition: Real-Time Load Transfer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Real-time load transfer is achieved through real-time feeder reconfiguration and optimization to relieve load on equipment, improve asset utilization, improve distribution...

180

California ISO Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment (VSA) Project...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT California ISO Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment (VSA) Project: Summary of Survey Results on Methodologies...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

REAL ESTATE PROPERTY GUIDE 2013 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Publications REAL ESTATE PROPERTY GUIDE 2013 2013 guidance fo real Property Inventory Reporting Policy Flash 2013-54 Acquisition Certification Program Handbook 4th Edition...

182

Department of Energy and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Energy and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch Alliance to Reduce Energy Consumption of Buildings Department of Energy and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch Alliance...

183

Environmental WindowsEnvironmental Windows Real Problems and PotentialReal Problems and Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental WindowsEnvironmental Windows Real Problems and PotentialReal Problems and Potential Window - a period during which dredging may occur Seasonal Restriction - a period during which dredging and effective management guidelines such as dredging windows..." #12;Schubel et al. 1979. A conceptual framework

US Army Corps of Engineers

184

Real Property Asset Management | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Site & Facility Restoration » Facility Engineering » Services » Site & Facility Restoration » Facility Engineering » Real Property Asset Management Real Property Asset Management The Real Property Asset Management (RPAM) portion of Deactivation & Decommissioning/Facility Engineering (D&D/FE) presents a driving programmatic challenge within the EM-D&D Clean-up program effort which currently involves 114 sites with 4,900 buildings and other structures which currently account for 28 percent of the Department's assets. The overall goal of RPAM is to ensure sustainment for enduring EM facilities by: Funding maintenance for worker safety and health and mission readiness, Identifying and implementing best practices and lessons learned from existing efforts, and Developing new tools and processes to mitigate risk

185

RealEnergy Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RealEnergy Inc RealEnergy Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name RealEnergy Inc Place Yountville, California Zip 94599 Product Installer and manager of distributed energy capacity. Helps companies with office or light manufacturing premises apply for grants and then implement CHP solutions. Coordinates 38.403455°, -122.361839° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.403455,"lon":-122.361839,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

186

Commercial Real Estate: Looking for Energy Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real Estate: Real Estate: Looking for Energy Solutions Turn to an ENERGY STAR ® Service and Product Provider Partner ENERGY STAR Service and Product Providers (SPPs) have the experience and tools to implement energy-efficient strategies that are right for you. Following the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Guidelines for Energy Management, a proven strategy devel- oped from ENERGY STAR partner successes, SPPs can help your organization gain control of energy consumption and costs. Energy Efficiency Benefits the Commercial Real Estate Industry, Your Tenants, and the Environment ENERGY STAR SPPs can help building owners and managers reap the financial and environmental benefits of superior energy efficiency. Energy use is the single largest operating expense in commercial office

187

Real gas effects for compressible nozzle flows  

SciTech Connect

Numerical simulation of compressible nozzle flows of real gas with or without the addition of heat is presented. A generalized real gas method, using an upwind scheme and curvilinear coordinates, is applied to solve the unsteady compressible Euler equations in axisymmetric form. The present method is an extension of a previous 2D method, which was developed to solve the problem for a gas having the general equation of state in the form p=p ([rho], i). In the present work the method is generalized for an arbitrary P-V-T equation of state introducing an iterative procedure for the determination of the temperature from the specific internal energy and the flow variables. The solution procedure is applied for the study of real gas effects in an axisymmetric nozzle flow.

Drikakis, D.; Tsangaris, S. (National Technical Univ. of Athens, (Greece). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Axial Tomography from Digitized Real Time Radiography  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Axial tomography from digitized real time radiographs provides a useful tool for industrial radiography and tomography. The components of this system are: x-ray source, image intensifier, video camera, video line extractor and digitizer, data storage and reconstruction computers. With this system it is possible to view a two dimensional x-ray image in real time at each angle of rotation and select the tomography plane of interest by choosing which video line to digitize. The digitization of a video line requires less than a second making data acquisition relatively short. Further improvements on this system are planned and initial results are reported.

Zolnay, A. S.; McDonald, W. M.; Doupont, P. A.; McKinney, R. L.; Lee, M. M.

1985-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

189

Axial tomography from digitized real time radiography  

SciTech Connect

Axial tomography from digitized real time radiographs provides a useful tool for industrial radiography and tomography. The components of this system are: x-ray source, image intensifier, video camera, video line extractor and digitizer, data storage and reconstruction computers. With this system it is possible to view a two dimensional x-ray image in real time at each angle of rotation and select the tomography plane of interest by choosing which video line to digitize. The digitization of a video line requires less than a second making data acquisition relatively short. Further improvements on this system are planned and initial results are reported.

Zolnay, A.S.; McDonald, W.M.; Doupont, P.A.; McKinney, R.L.; Lee, M.M.

1985-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

190

Low-Power Design for Real-Time Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time Systems often are located in the special environments where the power consumption is a big concern. Upon presence of timing constraints, the low power design on the real-time systems has significant impact on the performance as well as the ... Keywords: embedded system, instruction set, low power design, real time operating system, real time scheduling

Sheng-Tzong Cheng; Chia-Mei Chen; Jing-Wen Hwang

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Real-time static voltage scaling on multiprocessors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a real-time static voltage scaling (RT-SVS) technique called T-L plane transforming, which is an extension of LLREF, an optimal real-time scheduling algorithm for multiprocessor systems. We present two RT-SVS algorithms for different types ... Keywords: energy consumption, multiprocessor systems, real-time scheduling, real-time voltage scaling

Kenji Funaoka; Shinpei Kato; Nobuyuki Yamasaki

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Real-Counter automata and their decision problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce real-counter automata, which are two-way finite automata augmented with counters that take real values. In contrast to traditional word automata that accept sequences of symbols, real-counter automata accept real words that are bounded and ...

Zhe Dang; Oscar H. Ibarra; Pierluigi San Pietro; Gaoyan Xie

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money March 12, 2010 - 5:20pm Addthis Reginald Speight, CEO of Martin County Community Action | Photo courtesy of Martin County Community Action Reginald Speight, CEO of Martin County Community Action | Photo courtesy of Martin County Community Action Joshua DeLung North Carolina will receive $132 million, or 10 times more money than in years past, for its weatherization program through the Recovery Act. Martin County Community Action is tasked with weatherizing about 1,029 units with its $7.7 million share. The agency has also surpassed its 123 units from its usual fiscal year funding. "It's been interesting ramping up like this, but we've put our agency in a position the last couple of years to be able to do more creative

194

Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing Solar Industry Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing Solar Industry February 21, 2013 - 3:06pm Addthis Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing Solar Industry Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? Sign up at the Google+ Event page. Email questions to newmedia@hq.doe.gov, and tweet questions to @ENERGY using #AskEnergy. Tune in at 2pm ET on energy.gov/live. Over the past four years, solar energy generation in the U.S. has more than doubled. At the same time, the cost of solar power continues to fall each year and American companies and workers are helping to lead the way with

195

N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money March 12, 2010 - 5:20pm Addthis Reginald Speight, CEO of Martin County Community Action | Photo courtesy of Martin County Community Action Reginald Speight, CEO of Martin County Community Action | Photo courtesy of Martin County Community Action Joshua DeLung North Carolina will receive $132 million, or 10 times more money than in years past, for its weatherization program through the Recovery Act. Martin County Community Action is tasked with weatherizing about 1,029 units with its $7.7 million share. The agency has also surpassed its 123 units from its usual fiscal year funding. "It's been interesting ramping up like this, but we've put our agency in a position the last couple of years to be able to do more creative

196

Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing Solar Industry Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing Solar Industry February 21, 2013 - 3:06pm Addthis Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing Solar Industry Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? Sign up at the Google+ Event page. Email questions to newmedia@hq.doe.gov, and tweet questions to @ENERGY using #AskEnergy. Tune in at 2pm ET on energy.gov/live. Over the past four years, solar energy generation in the U.S. has more than doubled. At the same time, the cost of solar power continues to fall each year and American companies and workers are helping to lead the way with

197

Solar Among the Fastest Growing Job Markets in America | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Among the Fastest Growing Job Markets in America Solar Among the Fastest Growing Job Markets in America Solar Among the Fastest Growing Job Markets in America November 8, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) -- currently the largest solar photovoltaic power plant in the Eastern United States -- generates enough renewable energy to power approximately 4,500 homes. LISF is located at Brookhaven National Laboratory. | Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) -- currently the largest solar photovoltaic power plant in the Eastern United States -- generates enough renewable energy to power approximately 4,500 homes. LISF is located at Brookhaven National Laboratory. | Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory. Minh Le Minh Le Program Manager, Solar Program

198

Umatilla Tribes to Grow Native Plants for Hanford | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Umatilla Tribes to Grow Native Plants for Hanford Umatilla Tribes to Grow Native Plants for Hanford Umatilla Tribes to Grow Native Plants for Hanford January 2, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation’s field station, located in Mission, Ore., will be home to one-of-a-kind research and development for revegetation efforts. The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation's field station, located in Mission, Ore., will be home to one-of-a-kind research and development for revegetation efforts. Tribal construction workers stand in front of the hexagonal greenhouse dome structure that will house the seeds for revegetation efforts. Tribal construction workers stand in front of the hexagonal greenhouse dome structure that will house the seeds for revegetation efforts.

199

Mesoscopic model for filament orientation in growing actin networks: the role of obstacle geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Propulsion by growing actin networks is a universal mechanism used in many different biological systems. Although the core molecular machinery for actin network growth is well preserved in most cases, the geometry of the propelled obstacle can vary considerably. In recent years, filament orientation distribution has emerged as an important observable characterizing the structure and dynamical state of the growing network. Here we derive several continuum equations for the orientation distribution of filaments growing behind stiff obstacles of various shapes and validate the predicted steady state orientation patterns by stochastic computer simulations based on discrete filaments. We use an ordinary differential equation approach to demonstrate that for flat obstacles of finite size, two fundamentally different orientation patterns peaked at either +35/-35 or +70/0/-70 degrees exhibit mutually exclusive stability, in agreement with earlier results for flat obstacles of very large lateral extension. We calculat...

Weichsel, Julian; 10.1088/1367-2630/15/3/035006

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

A Note on Real Tunneling Geometries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the Hartle-Hawking ``no boundary'' approach to quantum cosmology, a real tunneling geometry is a configuration that represents a transition from a compact Riemannian spacetime to a Lorentzian universe. I complete an earlier proof that in three spacetime dimensions, such a transition is ``probable,'' in the sense that the required Riemannian geometry yields a genuine maximum of the semiclassical wave function.

S. Carlip

2005-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Real-time var control by SCADA  

SciTech Connect

This paper outlines the operation and advantages of the SCADA capacitor control called CAPCON, developed by the Virginia Electric and Power Company (Virginia Power). CAPCON is used to control vars system-wide by switching substation capacitor banks based on real-time var and voltage data instead of the traditional time clock method.

Girotti, T.B.; Tweed, N.B.; Houser, N.R. (Virginia Power Co., Richmond, VA (USA))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

The weight filtration for real algebraic varieties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the work of Guillen and Navarro Aznar we associate to each real algebraic variety a filtered chain complex, the weight complex, which is well-defined up to filtered quasi-isomorphism, and which induces on Borel-Moore homology with Z/2 coefficients an analog of the weight filtration for complex algebraic varieties.

McCrory, Clint

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Towards real-time dynamic spectrum auctions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a low-complexity auction framework to distribute spectrum in real-time among a large number of wireless users with dynamic traffic. Our design consists of a compact and highly expressive bidding format, two pricing models to ... Keywords: Algorithms, Auctions, Spectrum

Sorabh Gandhi; Chiranjeeb Buragohain; Lili Cao; Haitao Zheng; Subhash Suri

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Real time video streaming over heterogeneous networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technological advances allow handheld devices to be equipped with faster processors and wireless interfaces, making the performance comparable to laptop Computers. In this paper, we describe real-time video streaming over heterogeneous networks namely ... Keywords: GPRS-EDGE, IEEE802.11, IETF, MPEG-4, PSS, RTCP, RTP, RTSP, bluetooth, performance, piconet, quality of service, video streaming, wireless LANs

Mohammed A. Qadeer; Rehan Ahmad; Mohd Siddique Khan; Tauseef Ahmad

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

User customizable real-time fur  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent advances in real-time fur rendering have enabled the development of more realistic furry characters. In this sketch, we outline a number of advances to the shell and fin based fur rendering technique by Lengyel et al [2001] using the pixel and ...

John Isidoro; Jason L. Mitchell

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Efficient real-time divisible load scheduling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Providing QoS and performance guarantees to arbitrarily divisible loads has become a significant problem for many cluster-based research computing facilities. While progress is being made in scheduling arbitrarily divisible loads, current approaches ... Keywords: Arbitrarily divisible loads, Cluster computing, Real-time computing, Scheduling efficiency

Anwar Mamat; Ying Lu; Jitender Deogun; Steve Goddard

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Verifying mixed real-integer quantifier elimination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a formally verified quantifier elimination procedure for the first order theory over linear mixed real-integer arithmetics in higher-order logic based on a work by Weispfenning. To this end we provide two verified quantifier elimination procedures: ...

Amine Chaieb

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Real-time signal processing IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following topics were dealt with: parallel computation algorithms and architectures; very high-speed integrated circuit processing; multiple processor systems; real-time signal processing technologies and applications. 48 papers were presented, 40 of which are published in full in the present proceedings. Abstracts of individual papers can be found under the relevant classification codes in this or other issues.

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Real-time individualized virtual humans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This tutorial will present the latest techniques to model fast individualized animatable virtual humans for Real-Time applications. As a human is composed of a head and a body, we will analyze how these two parts can be modeled and globally animated ...

Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann; Daniel Thalmann

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increased need to manage California?s electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically-integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management -- construction of new transmission lines -- has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools. This project: (1) developed and conducted first-ever demonstrations of two prototype real-time software tools for voltage security assessment and phasor monitoring; and (2) prepared a scoping study on improving load and generator response models. Additional funding through two separate subsequent work authorizations has already been provided to build upon the work initiated in this project.

Eto, Joe; Eto, Joe; Lesieutre, Bernard; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Parashar, Manu

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

211

Detection of Oil Spills in SAR Images Using Wavelets and Region Growing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detection of Oil Spills in SAR Images Using Wavelets and Region Growing R�GIA T. S. ARA�JO, FÁTIMA an algorithm to detect oil spills in Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images that can be used to support sensing of environmental disasters. Spillage of oil in coastal waters can be a catastrophic event

de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

212

The effect of palm oil supplementation on growth and carcass composition of growing lambs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of palm oil supplementation on growth and carcass composition of growing lambs M Hilmi Selangor, Malaysia Palm oil is considered as a cheap source of energy supplementation in a commercial feed for sheep. However there is a scarcity of report on the effect of oil supplementation on the growth

Recanati, Catherine

213

Water is used for many purposes, includ-ing growing crops, producing copper,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WATER USES Water is used for many purposes, includ- ing growing crops, producing copper, generating electricity, watering lawns, keeping clean, drinking and recreation. Bal- ancing the water budget comes down of the water budget. Reducing demand involves re- ducing how much water each person uses, lim- iting the number

214

improving energy efficiency in the built environment is now seen as a growing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

improving energy efficiency in the built environment is now seen as a growing policy priority the 1973 oil embargo. Codes by state but they generally establish a minimum energy efficiency stan- dard.S. Department of Energy to establish building code energy efficiency targets by January 1, 2014. it also

Kotchen, Matthew J.

215

Technology Assistance Program Growing technology-based business with free service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) may be just what you're looking for. Created in 1994 and sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, the TAP program at PNNL helps grow and diversify the nation Assistance Program leverages PNNL's expertise in a variety of scientific disciplines to help members

216

Sea Surface Temperature Patterns on the West Florida Shelf Using Growing Hierarchical Self-Organizing Maps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neural network analyses based on the self-organizing map (SOM) and the growing hierarchical self-organizing map (GHSOM) are used to examine patterns of the sea surface temperature (SST) variability on the West Florida Shelf from time series of ...

Yonggang Liu; Robert H. Weisberg; Ruoying He

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

NRRI's Bill Berguson promotes fast-growing trees as part of America's new energy future.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to increase energy independence with new biorefinery industries and sustainable new crops. A study undertaken Commission with representatives from the union, paper industry, legislature, University, energy company andNRRI's Bill Berguson promotes fast-growing trees as part of America's new energy future. Winter

Netoff, Theoden

218

Technical Qualifications for Treating Photovoltaic Assets as Real Property by Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It has been proposed that Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) have the potential to lower the cost and increase the adoption of photovoltaic systems (PV) by offering a more attractive source of capital. The purpose of this paper is to explain the fundamental physical characteristics of PV and compare them to the characteristics of 'real' property, to help determine whether REITs can own PV systems.

Feldman, D.; Mendelsohn, M.; Coughlin, J.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Real Goods Solar Ukiah | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ukiah Ukiah Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Ukiah Name Real Goods Solar Ukiah Address 301 L Kunzler Ranch Rd Place Ukiah, California Zip 95482 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Phone number 707-468-9300 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com Coordinates 39.1777031°, -123.207505° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.1777031,"lon":-123.207505,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

220

Real Goods Solar Fresno | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fresno Fresno Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Fresno Name Real Goods Solar Fresno Address 3109 N. Miami Avenue #101 Place Fresno, California Zip 93727 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Phone number 559-457-8365 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com Coordinates 36.778419°, -119.689961° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.778419,"lon":-119.689961,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Real Goods Solar Murrieta | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Murrieta Murrieta Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Murrieta Name Real Goods Solar Murrieta Address 41690 Corporate Center Drive Place Murrieta, California Zip 92562 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Phone number 951-927-0782 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com Coordinates 33.5278741°, -117.1792462° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.5278741,"lon":-117.1792462,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

222

Real Goods Solar Campbell | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Goods Solar Campbell Goods Solar Campbell Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Campbell Name Real Goods Solar Campbell Address 1624 Dell Avenue Place Campbell, California Zip 95008 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Phone number 408-370-3600 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com Coordinates 37.26282°, -121.956767° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.26282,"lon":-121.956767,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

223

October 2009Rethinking Real Time Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most US consumers are charged a near-constant retail price for electricity, despite substantial hourly variation in the wholesale market price. This paper evaluates the …rst program to expose residential consumers to hourly real time pricing (RTP). I …nd that enrolled households are statistically signi…cantly price elastic and that consumers responded by conserving energy during peak hours, but remarkably did not increase average consumption during o¤-peak times. Welfare analysis suggests that program households were not su ¢ ciently price elastic to generate e ¢ ciency gains that substantially outweigh the estimated costs of the advanced electricity meters required to observe hourly consumption. Although in electricity pricing, congestion pricing, and many other settings, economists’intuition is that prices should be aligned with marginal costs, residential RTP may provide an important real-world example of a situation where this is not currently welfare-enhancing given contracting or information costs.

Hunt Allcott; Hunt Allcott; Bill Hogan; Erich Muehlegger; Larry Katz; Erin Mansur; Sendhil Mullainathan; Paul Niehaus; Chris Nosko; Ariel Pakes; Dave Rapson; Rob Stavins; Frank Wolak

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Real time gamma-ray signature identifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A real time gamma-ray signature/source identification method and system using principal components analysis (PCA) for transforming and substantially reducing one or more comprehensive spectral libraries of nuclear materials types and configurations into a corresponding concise representation/signature(s) representing and indexing each individual predetermined spectrum in principal component (PC) space, wherein an unknown gamma-ray signature may be compared against the representative signature to find a match or at least characterize the unknown signature from among all the entries in the library with a single regression or simple projection into the PC space, so as to substantially reduce processing time and computing resources and enable real-time characterization and/or identification.

Rowland, Mark (Alamo, CA); Gosnell, Tom B. (Moraga, CA); Ham, Cheryl (Livermore, CA); Perkins, Dwight (Livermore, CA); Wong, James (Dublin, CA)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

real_property_asset_ver_10.indd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management, Budget and Evaluation. The point of contact for this document is Eduard A. Dailide, P Management, Budget and Evaluation. The point of contact for this document is Eduard A. Dailide, P .E. who can be reached at (202) 586-5422 or by e-mail to ed.dailide@hq.doe.gov. Cover Photo: Night, in the form of a crescent moon, overtakes the fading light of day beyond Wilson Hall at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. i DEPUTY SECRETARY'S MESSAGE I am proud to present the Department of Energy's 2005 Real Property Asset Management Plan. The success of the Department of Energy in meet- ing its mission is directly linked to the effi cient and effective management of its real property portfolio. The portfolio is comprised of diverse, technically complex, and one-of-a-kind facilities with a value of over $77 billion. It is a mission enabler not only

226

CRTF Real-Time Aperture Flux system  

SciTech Connect

The Real-Time Aperture Flux system (TRAF) is a test measurement system designed to determine the input power/unit area (flux density) during solar experiments conducted at the Central Receiver Test Facility, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico. The RTAF is capable of using both thermal sensors and photon sensors to determine the flux densities in the RTAF measuring plane. These data are manipulated in various ways to derive input power and flux density distribution to solar experiments.

Davis, D.B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook Retrospective Review  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy intensity (Energy consumption/real $ GDP) About the Annual Energy Outlook. Contact Information and Staff; ... Updated capital cost for ...

228

FLEXIBLE CLIPMAPS FOR MANAGING GROWING TEXTURES Dirk Feldmann, Frank Steinicke, Klaus H. Hinrichs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, for example, in microscopy, robotics or aerial photography for purposes of survey- ing and mapping clipmap. New technologies in the area of remote sensing generate aerial images in real- time at a high. For instance, miniature unmanned aerial vehicles (MUAVs) equipped with cameras can capture image data about

Hinrichs, Klaus

229

FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and Energy FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives and Policies Home > Groups > Utility Rate Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 12 December, 2012 - 11:30 DOE energy efficiency FOA funding opportunity Renewable Energy A new funding opportunity is available to anyone interested in helping develop a public database of federal, state, and local policies and incentives. These resources will be made available through state-of-the-art web and mobile interfaces, on-demand web services, and a downloadable data feed designed to reach a wide variety of stakeholders including energy professionals and end consumers. The Department of Energy is anticipating providing $1.5 million total to one Awardee over a period of up to three years to accomplish the goals of

230

Contoured inner after-heater shield for reducing stress in growing crystalline bodies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for growing hollow crystalline bodies by the EFG process, comprising an EFG die having a top surface shaped for growing a hollow crystalline body having a cross-sectional configuration in the shape of a polygon having n faces, and a radiation shield adjacent to and surrounded by the top end surface of the die, characterized in that the shield has an inner edge defining a similar polygon with n sides, and the inner edge of the shield is notched so that the spacing between the n faces and the n sides is greatest between the central portions of the n faces and the n sides, whereby the greater spacing at the central portions helps to reduce lateral temperature gradients in the crystalline body that is grown by use of the die.

Kalejs, Juris P. (Wellesley, MA)

1996-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

231

Evaluating and mitigating execution risk in Indian real estate development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real estate development is a complex process in which developers and equity investors look to capitalize on favorable financial markets and economic forces to produce investment returns. Real estate development is a risky ...

Howard, Neal (Neal David)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and access to hourly energy usage data .. 26access to their hourly energy usage data on a real-time orfor Access to hourly energy usage data on a real- price

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Real-Time Precipitation Estimation Based on Index Station Percentiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operational hydrologic models are typically calibrated using meteorological inputs derived from retrospective station data that are commonly not available in real time. Inconsistencies between the calibration and (generally sparser) real-time ...

Qiuhong Tang; Andrew W. Wood; Dennis P. Lettenmaier

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ES2 Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle-Miles Traveled, Consumer Price Index (CPI-U), and Real Average Retail Gasoline Price, 1978-2004, 1985100...

235

17.3 - Acquisition, Use and Disposal of Real Property  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Real Estate References DEAR 917.74 - Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate DOE Directives DOE Order 413.3B, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of...

236

Mesoscopic model for filament orientation in growing actin networks: the role of obstacle geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Propulsion by growing actin networks is a universal mechanism used in many different biological systems. Although the core molecular machinery for actin network growth is well preserved in most cases, the geometry of the propelled obstacle can vary considerably. In recent years, filament orientation distribution has emerged as an important observable characterizing the structure and dynamical state of the growing network. Here we derive several continuum equations for the orientation distribution of filaments growing behind stiff obstacles of various shapes and validate the predicted steady state orientation patterns by stochastic computer simulations based on discrete filaments. We use an ordinary differential equation approach to demonstrate that for flat obstacles of finite size, two fundamentally different orientation patterns peaked at either +35/-35 or +70/0/-70 degrees exhibit mutually exclusive stability, in agreement with earlier results for flat obstacles of very large lateral extension. We calculate and validate phase diagrams as a function of model parameters and show how this approach can be extended to obstacles with piecewise straight contours. For curved obstacles, we arrive at a partial differential equation in the continuum limit, which again is in good agreement with the computer simulations. In all cases, we can identify the same two fundamentally different orientation patterns, but only within an appropriate reference frame, which is adjusted to the local orientation of the obstacle contour. Our results suggest that two fundamentally different network architectures compete with each other in growing actin networks, irrespective of obstacle geometry, and clarify how simulated and electron tomography data have to be analyzed for non-flat obstacle geometries.

Julian Weichsel; Ulrich S. Schwarz

2013-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

237

Optimization of Real Asset Portfolio using a Coherent Risk Measure ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keywords Portfolio Optimization · Real Assets · CVaR · Decomposition ... techniques evolved to the use of enterprise portfolio management, very common.

238

Efficient scheduling of soft real-time applications on multiprocessors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In soft real-time applications, tasks are allowed to miss their deadlines. Thus, less-costly scheduling algorithms can be used at the price of occasional violations of timing constraints. This may be acceptable if reasonable tardiness bounds (i.e., bounds ... Keywords: Fairness, multiprocessors, quality-of-service, real-time scheduling, soft real-time applications, tardiness

Anand Srinivasan; James H. Anderson

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Detection and tracking of driver's hands in real time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a complete driver's hands detection and tracking system suitable for working in real time conditions has been developed. The proposed system has been successfully tested in close-real world conditions in different scenarios on a very realistic ... Keywords: automotive application, image processing, real time, tracking

Raúl Crespo; Isaac Martín De Diego; Cristina Conde; Enrique Cabello

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Real time reactive programming in lucid enriched with contexts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a synchronous approach to real-time reactive programming in Lucid enriched with contexts as first class objects. The declarative intensional approach allows real-time reactive programs to manipulate both events and state-based representations ... Keywords: contexts, formal verification, intensional programming, real-time reactive programming

Kaiyu Wan; Vasu Alagar; Joey Paquet

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Optimal Real-time Dispatch for Integrated Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In these figures the real-time price is plotted on the rightto 6:00 PM 7.2.4.3 Real-time Prices City specific hourlyIn these figures the real-time price is plotted on the right

Firestone, Ryan Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Platform-independent design for embedded real-time systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the increasing complexity of the emerging embedded real-time systems, traditional design approaches can not provide sufficient support for the development of these systems anymore. They especially lack the ability to trace and analyse real-time ... Keywords: platform-independent, real-time, system design

Jinfeng Huang; Jeroen P. M. Voeten; Andre Ventevogel; Leo van Bokhoven

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Error computation for predictable real-time software synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthesizing an implementation from a model in a predictable way is one of the major challenges in real-time system design. In our previous work we addressed this problem by generating in real-time an execution path through a model and by synchronizing ... Keywords: error computation, predictable design, property prediction, real-time systems

Jeroen Voeten; Oana Florescu; Jinfeng Huang; Henk Corporaal

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

International diversification opportunities for real estate investment portfolios : a fresh look focusing on private real estate after the Great Crash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the topic of diversification opportunities in international real estate, with focus on private real estate markets in developed countries. In examining the characteristics of returns and interrelatedness ...

Boontanorm, Onousa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Bristol BS8 1TNThe Real Interest Rate, the Real Oil Price, and US Unemployment Revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The time series evidence on the relationship between unemployment and the real prices of capital and energy is re-examined for US data. In contrast to previous studies, results indicate that the real interest rate matters little, if at all, for equilibrium unemployment. Using a Markov Switching vector autoregressive method proposed by Psaradakis, Ravn, Sola (2005) [JApplEconometrics 20(5), pp. 665-683] to investigate time-varying Granger causality, the paper shows that the real rate helps forecast unemployment during NBER expansions only. Granger causality from the oil price to unemployment occurs in recessions. The results support the view that the price of crude induces at least some recessions, while not being a regular feature of the US business cycle.

Spyros Andreopoulos; Spyros Andreopoulos

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Bose-Einstein condensation in real space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We illustrate how Bose-Einstein condensation occurs not only in momentum space but also in coordinate (or real) space. Analogies between the isotherms of a van der Waals gas of extended (or finite-diameter) identical atoms and the point (or zero-diameter) particles of an ideal Bose gas allow one to conclude that, in contrast to the van der Waals case, the volume per particle can go to zero in the pure Bose condensate phase precisely because the particle diameter is zero. PACS # 03.75.Hh; 05.30.Jp; 05.70.Fh 1 1

J. J. Valencia; M. De Llano; M. A. Solís

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Market Trends - Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025 Market Trends - Market Drivers Index (click to jump links) Trends in Economic Activity International Oil Markets Figure 38. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Trends in Economic Activity Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue The output of the Nation's economy, measured by gross domestic product (GDP), is projected to grow by 3.0 percent per year between 2002 and 2025 (with GDP based on 1996 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 38). The projected growth rate is slightly lower than the 3.1-percent rate projected in AEO2003. The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year

248

Microsoft PowerPoint - gallery-cover page.ppt  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

March 2010 March 2010 1 March 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook March 9, 2010 Release Highlights  Although spot crude oil prices continue to fluctuate on a daily basis, EIA's projections for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices have remained relatively stable over the last 4 Outlooks. EIA expects WTI prices to average above $80 per barrel this spring, rising to an average of about $82 per barrel by the end of the year and to $85 per barrel by the end of 2011.  Projected economic growth this year is higher in this forecast, with U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) growing by 2.8 percent and world oil- consumption-weighted real GDP growing by 3.4 percent, compared with 2.3

249

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

11 11 1 February 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook February 8, 2011 Release Highlights  EIA expects the price of WTI crude oil to average about $93 per barrel in 2011, $14 higher than the average price last year. For 2012, EIA projects that WTI prices will continue to rise, averaging $98 per barrel. EIA's forecast assumes U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows 3.0 percent in 2011 and 2.8 percent in 2012, while world real GDP (weighted by oil consumption) grows by 3.9 percent and 4.0 percent, respectively, in 2011 and 2012.  EIA expects regular-grade motor gasoline retail prices to average $3.15 per gallon in 2011, 37 cents per gallon higher than the 2010 average, and $3.30 per

250

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NEMS overview and brief description of cases NEMS overview and brief description of cases Table E1. Summary of the AEO2012 cases Reference Baseline economic growth (2.5 percent per year from 2010 through 2035), oil price, and technology assumptions. Complete projection tables in Appendix A. Light, sweet crude oil prices rise to about $145 per barrel (2010 dollars) in 2035. Assumes RFS target to be met as soon as possible. Low Economic Growth Real GDP grows at an average annual rate of 2.0 percent from 2010 to 2035. Other energy market assumptions are the same as in the Reference case. Partial projection tables in Appendix B.. High Economic Growth Real GDP grows at an average annual rate of 3.0 percent from 2010 to 2035. Other energy market assumptions are the same as in the Reference case. Partial projection tables in Appendix B.

251

Highlights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January 2010 January 2010 1 January 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook January 12, 2010 Release Highlights This edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook is the first to include monthly forecasts through December 2011. EIA expects that the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil, which averaged $62 per barrel in 2009, will average about $80 and $84 per barrel in 2010 and 2011, respectively. EIA's forecast assumes that U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows by 2.0 percent in 2010 and by 2.7 percent in 2011, while world oil-consumption-weighted real GDP grows by 2.5 percent and 3.7 percent in 2010 and 2011, respectively. Escalating crude oil prices drive the annual average regular-grade gasoline retail price from $2.35 per gallon in 2009 to $2.84 in 2010 and $2.96 in 2011.

252

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

August 2011 August 2011 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration August 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook August 9, 2011 Release Highlights  EIA expects the U.S. average refiner acquisition cost of crude oil will rise from $100 per barrel in 2011 to $107 per barrel in 2012 as global spare production capacity and inventories continue to decline. This forecast assumes that U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows by 2.4 percent this year and 2.6 percent next year, while world oil-consumption-weighted real GDP grows by 3.4 and 4.1 percent in 2011 and 2012, respectively. These assumptions do not fully reflect recent economic and financial developments that point towards a

253

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

10 10 1 December 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook December 7, 2010 Release Highlights  EIA expects the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil to average about $84 per barrel this winter (October 1 to March 31), more than $6 higher than the average price last winter. Projected WTI prices rise to $89 per barrel by the end of 2011, a $2 per barrel increase from last month's Outlook, as U.S. and global economic conditions improve. EIA's forecast assumes U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows 2.7 percent in 2010 and 2.1 percent in 2011, while world real GDP (weighted by oil consumption) grows by 4.0 percent and 3.2 percent, in 2010 and 2011, respectively.

254

Fig1.xls  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2009 December 2009 1 December 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook December 8, 2009 Release Highlights  EIA expects the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil will average about $76 per barrel this winter (October-March). The forecast for the monthly average WTI price dips to $75 early next year then rises to $82 per barrel by December 2010, assuming U.S. and world economic conditions continue to improve. EIA's forecast assumes that U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows by 1.9 percent in 2010 and world oil-consumption-weighted real GDP grows by 2.6 percent.  Rising crude oil prices contribute to an increase in the annual average regular-

255

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 1 November 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook November 10, 2009 Release Highlights  EIA is raising the forecast price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil by $7 per barrel compared with the last Outlook, to average about $77 per barrel this winter (October-March). The forecast for monthly average WTI prices rises to about $81 per barrel by December 2010, assuming U.S. and world economic conditions continue to improve, particularly in Asia, where current growth has been stronger than expected. EIA's forecast assumes U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows by 1.9 percent in 2010 and world oil-consumption- weighted real GDP grows by 2.6 percent.

256

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

11 11 1 January 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook January 11, 2011 Release Highlights  This edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook is the first to include forecasts (monthly, quarterly and annual) through December 2012.  EIA expects the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil to average about $93 per barrel in 2011, $14 higher than the average price last year. For 2012, EIA expects WTI prices to continue to rise, with a forecast average price of $99 per barrel in the fourth quarter 2012. EIA's forecast assumes U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows 2.2 percent in 2011 and 2.9 percent in 2012, while world real GDP (weighted by oil consumption) grows by 3.3

257

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

September 2011 September 2011 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration September 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook September 7, 2011 Release Highlights  EIA's economic growth assumptions have been lowered substantially compared with last month's Outlook. This forecast assumes that U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows by 1.5 percent this year and 1.9 percent next year compared with 2.4 percent and 2.6 percent, respectively, in the previous Outlook. World oil-consumption-weighted real GDP grows by 3.1 percent and 3.8 percent in 2011 and 2012, respectively, compared with 3.4 percent and 4.1 percent in the last Outlook. With weaker economic growth and lower

258

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NEMS overview and brief description of cases NEMS overview and brief description of cases Table E1. Summary of the AEO2011 cases Reference Baseline economic growth (2.7 percent per year from 2009 through 2035), world oil price, and technology assumptions. Complete projection tables in Appendix A. World light, sweet crude oil prices rise to about $125 per barrel by 2035 in year 2009 dollars. Assumes RFS target to be met as soon as possible. Fully integrated Low Economic Growth Real GDP grows at an average annual rate of 2.1 percent from 2009 to 2035. Other energy market assumptions are the same as in the Reference case. Partial projection tables in Appendix B. Fully integrated High Economic Growth Real GDP grows at an average annual rate of 3.2 percent from 2009 to 2035. Other energy market assumptions are the same as in the Reference case. Partial projection tables in Appendix B. Fully integrated

259

Monitoring Acidophilic Microbes with Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Assays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many techniques that are used to characterize and monitor microbial populations associated with sulfide mineral bioleaching require the cultivation of the organisms on solid or liquid media. Chemolithotrophic species, such as Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and Leptospirillum ferrooxidans, or thermophilic chemolithotrophs, such as Acidianus brierleyi and Sulfolobus solfataricus can grow quite slowly, requiring weeks to complete efforts to identify and quantify these microbes associated with bioleach samples. Real-time PCR (polymerase chain reaction) assays in which DNA targets are amplified in the presence of fluorescent oligonucleotide primers, allowing the monitoring and quantification of the amplification reactions as they progress, provide a means of rapidly detecting the presence of microbial species of interest, and their relative abundance in a sample. This presentation will describe the design and use of such assays to monitor acidophilic microbes in the environment and in bioleaching operations. These assays provide results within 2-3 hours, and can detect less than 100 individual microbial cells.

Frank F. Roberto

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Residential Real-time Price Response Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electric industry is gaining experience with innovative price responsive demand pilots and limited roll-outs to customers. One of these pilots is investigating real-time pricing signals to engage end-use systems and local distributed generation and storage in a distributed optimization process. Attractive aspects about the approach include strong scalability characteristics, simplified interfaces between automation devices, and the adaptability to integrate a wide variety of devices and systems. Experience in this nascent field is revealing a rich array of for engineering decisions and the application of complexity theory. To test the decisions, computer simulations are used to reveal insights about design, demand elasticity, and the limits of response (including consumer fatigue). Agent-based approaches lend themselves well in the simulation to modeling the participation and interaction of each piece of equipment on a distribution feeder. This paper discusses rate design and simulation experiences at the distribution feeder level where consumers and their HVAC systems and water heaters on a feeder receive real-time pricing signals.

Widergren, Steven E.; Subbarao, Krishnappa; Chassin, David P.; Fuller, Jason C.; Pratt, Robert G.

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Real Goods Solar Denver | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Denver Denver Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Denver Name Real Goods Solar Denver Address 7003 E. 47th Ave Dr, Unit 700 Place Denver, Colorado Zip 80218 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Number of employees 51-200 Phone number 303-222-8950 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com Coordinates 39.7824444°, -104.9094738° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.7824444,"lon":-104.9094738,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

262

Real Time Simulation of Power Grid Disruptions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DOE-OE and DOE-SC workshops (Reference 1-3) identified the key power grid problem that requires insight addressable by the next generation of exascale computing is coupling of real-time data streams (1-2 TB per hour) as the streams are ingested to dynamic models. These models would then identify predicted disruptions in time (2-4 seconds) to trigger the smart grid s self healing functions. This project attempted to establish the feasibility of this approach and defined the scientific issues, and demonstrated example solutions to important smart grid simulation problems. These objectives were accomplished by 1) using the existing frequency recorders on the national grid to establish a representative and scalable real-time data stream; 2) invoking ORNL signature identification algorithms; 3) modeling dynamically a representative region of the Eastern interconnect using an institutional cluster, measuring the scalability and computational benchmarks for a national capability; and 4) constructing a prototype simulation for the system s concept of smart grid deployment. The delivered ORNL enduring capability included: 1) data processing and simulation metrics to design a national capability justifying exascale applications; 2) Software and intellectual property built around the example solutions; 3) demonstrated dynamic models to design few second self-healing.

Chinthavali, Supriya [ORNL; Dimitrovski, Aleksandar D [ORNL; Fernandez, Steven J [ORNL; Groer, Christopher S [ORNL; Nutaro, James J [ORNL; Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL; Omitaomu, Olufemi A [ORNL; Shankar, Mallikarjun [ORNL; Spafford, Kyle L [ORNL; Vacaliuc, Bogdan [ORNL

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Department of Energy and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch Alliance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch Alliance to Reduce Energy Consumption of Buildings Department of Energy and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch Alliance to Reduce Energy Consumption of Buildings April 9, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Top executives from 19 commercial real estate companies met with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) officials in New York City today to discuss plans to dramatically reduce the sector's energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. The meeting officially launched DOE's Commercial Real Estate Energy Alliance (CREEA), a partnership of commercial real estate owners and operators who have volunteered to work together with DOE to make lasting change in the energy consumption of commercial real estate buildings in the United States. Currently, commercial buildings

264

Microsoft Word - RealPropertyAssetManagement.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Real Property Asset Management Real Property Asset Management On February 4, 2004, the President issued Executive Order (EO) 13327- Federal Real Property Asset Management. The Order promotes the efficient and economical use of Federal real property resources in accordance with their value as national assets and in the best interests of the Nation. It established an interagency Federal Real Property Council (FRPC), chaired by the Deputy Director for Management at the Office of Management and Budget, to establish and promote appropriate guidelines on the management of the Federal real property portfolio. In conjunction with the Executive Order, the Federal Real Property Asset Management Program Initiative was added to the President's Management Agenda, The President's Management Agenda initiative and the efforts of the FRPC are

265

Real Time Search User Behavior Real time search is an increasingly important area of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Query Terms: the terms as entered by the user. Key concepts for search (i.e., the process of a searcher. The most frequently used terms accounted for only 0.03% of the total terms. Concerning search topics Web search. Searchers of real time content often repeat queries overtime, perhaps indicating long term

Jansen, James

266

Response to Comments on "A Bacterium That Can Grow Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus"  

SciTech Connect

Concerns have been raised about our recent study describing a bacterium that can grow using arsenic (As) instead of phosphorus (P). Our data suggested that As could act as a substitute for P in major biomolecules in this organism. Although the issues raised are of investigative interest, we contend that they do not invalidate our conclusions. We argue that while no single line of evidence we presented was sufficient to support our interpretation of the data, taken as an entire dataset we find no plausible alternative to our conclusions. Here we reply to the critiques and provide additional arguments supporting the assessment of the data we reported.

Wolfe-Simon, F; Blum, J S; Kulp, T R; Gordon, G W; Hoeft, S E; Pett-Ridge, J; Stolz, J F; Webb, S M; Weber, P K; Davies, P W; Anbar, A D; Oremland, R S

2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

267

Method of growing films by flame synthesis using a stagnation-flow reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of stabilizing a strained flame in a stagnation flow reactor. By causing a highly strained flame to be divided into a large number of equal size segments it is possible to stablize a highly strained flame that is on the verge of extinction, thereby providing for higher film growth rates. The flame stabilizer is an annular ring mounted coaxially and coplanar with the substrate upon which the film is growing and having a number of vertical pillars mounted on the top surface, thereby increasing the number of azimuthal nodes into which the flame is divided and preserving an axisymmetric structure necessary for stability.

Hahn, David W. (Dublin, CA); Edwards, Christopher F. (Sunnyvale, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Solar Photovoltaic Economic Development: Building and Growing a Local PV Industry, August 2011 (Book)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. photovoltaic (PV) industry is forecast to grow, and it represents an opportunity for economic development and job creation in communities throughout the United States. This report helps U.S. cities evaluate economic opportunities in the PV industry. It serves as a guide for local economic development offices in evaluating their community?s competitiveness in the solar PV industry, assessing the viability of solar PV development goals, and developing strategies for recruiting and retaining PV companies to their areas.

Not Available

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Method of growing films by flame synthesis using a stagnation-flow reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for stabilizing a strained flame in a stagnation flow reactor. By causing a highly strained flame to be divided into a large number of equal size segments it is possible to stablize a highly strained flame that is on the verge of extinction, thereby providing for higher film growth rates. The flame stabilizer is an annular ring mounted coaxially and coplanar with the substrate upon which the film is growing and having a number of vertical pillars mounted on the top surface, thereby increasing the number of azimuthal nodes into which the flame is divided and preserving an axisymmetric structure necessary for stability. 5 figs.

Hahn, D.W.; Edwards, C.F.

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

270

Monthly GDP Estimates for Inter-War Britain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nsumption, electricity consumption, merchandise on railways, commercial motors in use, postal receipts, building activity, iron and steel for home consumption, raw cotton delivered to mills, imports of raw materials, exports British manufactures, shipping... and the General tariff in February 1932 6 . However, neither of these policies seems to have generated immediate observable effects on the path of recovery with the economy continuing to slide between February and September 1932. Clearly, Temin’s hypothesis...

Mitchell, James; Solomou, Solomos; Weale, Martin

271

Monthly and Quarterly GDP Estimates for Interwar Britain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ended the Great depression we need good quality high frequency data and provided some high frequency analysis of the recovery profiles in the USA and Germany. However, he did not provide the high-frequency data needed to analyse the British case... -values Factor loadings (x100) Autoregressive Coeff t-value Coeff t-value Employment 1.27 12.65 -0.20 -2.62 Coal Consumption 0.96 7.40 0.79 3.96 Electricity Consumption 0.52 0.83 -0.37 -4.86 Railways 0.51 2.28 -0.50 -6.87 Motor 3.00 6.31 -0.39 -5...

Mitchell, James; Solomou, Solomos; Weale, M

272

Real-TIme Raman Gas Composition Analyzer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analyzer Analyzer Opportunity The Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is seeking collaborative research partners interested in implementing United States Provisional Patent Application entitled "Gas Sensing System Employing Raman Scattering". Disclosed in this application is a gas analyzing sensor that characterizes gaseous fuel, exhaust gases, or other process gas streams. The sensor reports concentrations of all majority gases at better than 0.3% accuracy in 1 second or less, and can be used for real-time gas analysis and system control. The sensor relies on novel techniques to enhance usually weak spontaneous Raman emissions from sample gases, enabling the application of Raman spectroscopy to rapid gas analysis. No commercially available sensor or sensing

273

Real WinWin | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WinWin WinWin Jump to: navigation, search Name Real WinWin Place Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Zip 19103 Sector Efficiency Product Consulting firm for energy efficiency in homes and small businesses. Coordinates 39.95227°, -75.162369° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.95227,"lon":-75.162369,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

274

Annual Real Natural Gas Prices by Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Major regulatory reforms at the Federal level began at the end of the 1970s with the passage of the Natural Gas Policy Act, and have affected most phases of the industry and markets Over time the movement to a more competitive model led to lower prices starting around 1983, which was accentuated by the drop in world oil prices in 1986 Gas consumers in all sectors seem to have benefited, on average, from a more competitive marketplace However, several factors have come together recently that have pushed spot gas prices up sharply and which are expected to reverse the downward trend in in real gas prices for the next year or so: U.S. gas production has been relatively flat. Expected demand is high under normal weather assumptions. Gas storage levels are below normal.

275

Optimal, real-time control--colliders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With reasonable definitions, optimal control is possible for both classical and quantal systems with new approaches called PISC(Parallel) and NISC(Neural) from analogy with RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computing). If control equals interaction, observation and comparison to some figure of merit with interaction via external fields, then optimization comes from varying these fields to give design or operating goals. Structural stability can then give us tolerance and design constraints. But simulations use simplified models, are not in real-time and assume fixed or stationary conditions, so optimal control goes far beyond convergence rates of algorithms. It is inseparable from design and this has many implications for colliders. 12 refs., 3 figs.

Spencer, J.E.

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Real-time scheduling with regenerative energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates real-time scheduling in a system whose energy reservoir is replenished by an environmental power source. The execution of tasks is deemed primarily energy-driven, i.e., a task may only respect its deadline if its energy demand can be satisfied early enough. Hence, a useful scheduling policy should account for properties of the energy source, capacity of the energy storage as well as power dissipation of the single tasks. We show that conventional scheduling algorithms (like e.g. EDF) are not suitable for this scenario. Based on this motivation, we state and prove optimal scheduling algorithms that jointly handle constraints from both energy and time domain. Furthermore, an offline schedulability test for a set of periodic or even bursty tasks is presented. Finally, we validate the proposed theory by means of simulation and compare our algorithms with the classical Earliest Deadline First Algorithm. 1.

C. Moser; D. Brunelli; L. Thiele; L. Benini

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Rethinking Real-Time Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most US consumers are charged a near-constant retail price for electricity, despite substantial hourly variation in the wholesale market price. This paper evaluates the …rst program to expose residential consumers to hourly real-time pricing (RTP). I …nd that enrolled households are statistically signi…cantly price elastic and that consumers responded by conserving energy during peak hours, but remarkably did not increase average consumption during o¤-peak times. The program increased consumer surplus by $10 per household per year. While this is only one to two percent of electricity costs, it illustrates a potential additional bene…t from investment in retail Smart Grid applications, including the advanced electricity meters required to observe a household’s hourly consumption.

Hunt Allcott; Bill Hogan; Erich Muehlegger; Larry Katz; Erin Mansur; Sendhil Mullainathan; Paul Niehaus; Chris Nosko; Ariel Pakes; Dave Rapson; Rob Stavins; Frank Wolak

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Real time speech formant analyzer and display  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A speech analyzer for interpretation of sound includes a sound input which converts the sound into a signal representing the sound. The signal is passed through a plurality of frequency pass filters to derive a plurality of frequency formants. These formants are converted to voltage signals by frequency-to-voltage converters and then are prepared for visual display in continuous real time. Parameters from the inputted sound are also derived and displayed. The display may then be interpreted by the user. The preferred embodiment includes a microprocessor which is interfaced with a television set for displaying of the sound formants. The microprocessor software enables the sound analyzer to present a variety of display modes for interpretive and therapeutic used by the user. 19 figs.

Holland, G.E.; Struve, W.S.; Homer, J.F.

1987-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

279

Real-World Hydrogen Technology Validation: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Department of Energy, the Department of Defense's Defense Logistics Agency, and the Department of Transportation's Federal Transit Administration have funded learning demonstrations and early market deployments to provide insight into applications of hydrogen technologies on the road, in the warehouse, and as stationary power. NREL's analyses validate the technology in real-world applications, reveal the status of the technology, and facilitate the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, manufacturing, and operations. This paper presents the maintenance, safety, and operation data of fuel cells in multiple applications with the reported incidents, near misses, and frequencies. NREL has analyzed records of more than 225,000 kilograms of hydrogen that have been dispensed through more than 108,000 hydrogen fills with an excellent safety record.

Sprik, S.; Kurtz, J.; Wipke, K.; Ramsden, T.; Ainscough, C.; Eudy, L.; Saur, G.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

EULER - A Real Virtual Library for Mathematics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The EULER project completed its work in November 2002. It forms the last part of a very successful project in the specialized but global discipline of mathematics. After a successful RTD project had created the technology, a take-up project has effectively exploited it to the point where its future is assured through a not-for-profit consortium. EULER is a European based, world class, real virtual library for mathematics with up-to-date technological solutions, well accepted by users. In particular, EULER provides a world reference and delivery service, transparent to the end user and offering full coverage of the mathematics literature world-wide, including bibliographic data, peer reviews and/or abstracts, indexing, classification and search, transparent access to library services, co-operation with commercial information providers (publishers, bookstores). The EULER services provide a gateway to the electronic catalogues and repositories of participating institutions, while the latter retain complete respo...

Jost, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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281

China's growing CO{sub 2} emissions - a race between increasing consumption and efficiency gains  

SciTech Connect

China's rapidly growing economy and energy consumption are creating serious environmental problems on both local and global scales. Understanding the key drivers behind China's growing energy consumption and the associated CO{sub 2} emissions is critical for the development of global climate policies and provides insight into how other emerging economies may develop a low emissions future. Using recently released Chinese economic input-output data and structural decomposition analysis we analyze how changes in China's technology, economic structure, urbanization, and lifestyles affect CO{sub 2} emissions. We find that infrastructure construction and urban household consumption, both in turn driven by urbanization and lifestyle changes, have outpaced efficiency improvements in the growth of CO{sub 2} emissions. Net trade had a small effect on total emissions due to equal, but significant, growth in emissions from the production of exports and emissions avoided by imports. Technology and efficiency improvements have only partially offset consumption growth, but there remains considerable untapped potential to reduce emissions by improving both production and consumption systems. As China continues to rapidly develop there is an opportunity to further implement and extend policies, such as the Circular Economy, that will help China avoid the high emissions path taken by today's developed countries. 65 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Glen P. Peters; Christopher L. Weber; Dabo Guan; Klaus Hubacek [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NEMS overview and brief description of cases NEMS overview and brief description of cases Table E1. Summary of the AEO2013 cases Case name Description Reference Real GDP grows at an average annual rate of 2.5 percent from 2011 to 2040. Crude oil prices rise to about $163 per barrel (2011 dollars) in 2040. Complete projection tables in Appendix A. Low Economic Growth Real GDP grows at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent from 2011 to 2040. Other energy market assumptions are the same as in the Reference case. Partial projection tables in Appendix B. High Economic Growth Real GDP grows at an average annual rate of 2.9 percent from 2011 to 2040. Other energy market assumptions are the same as in the Reference case. Partial projection tables in Appendix B. Low Oil Price Low prices result from a combination of low demand for petroleum and other liquids in the non-OECD nations and higher global supply. Lower demand is measured by lower economic growth relative to the Reference case. On the supply side, OPEC increases its market share to 49 percent, and the costs of other liquids production technologies are lower than in the Reference case.Light, sweet crude oil prices fall to $75 per barrel in 2040. Partial projection tables in Appendix C.

283

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NEMS overview and brief description of cases NEMS overview and brief description of cases Table E1. Summary of the AEO2013 cases Case name Description Reference Real GDP grows at an average annual rate of 2.5 percent from 2011 to 2040. Crude oil prices rise to about $163 per barrel (2011 dollars) in 2040. Complete projection tables in Appendix A. Low Economic Growth Real GDP grows at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent from 2011 to 2040. Other energy market assumptions are the same as in the Reference case. Partial projection tables in Appendix B. High Economic Growth Real GDP grows at an average annual rate of 2.9 percent from 2011 to 2040. Other energy market assumptions are the same as in the Reference case. Partial projection tables in Appendix B. Low Oil Price Low prices result from a combination of low demand for petroleum and other liquids in the non-OECD nations and higher global supply. Lower demand is measured by lower economic growth relative to the Reference case. On the supply side, OPEC increases its market share to 49 percent, and the costs of other liquids production technologies are lower than in the Reference case.Light, sweet crude oil prices fall to $75 per barrel in 2040. Partial projection tables in Appendix C.

284

Office of Legacy Management Real Property Reuse Strategy, August 2009 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Real Property Reuse Strategy, August Real Property Reuse Strategy, August 2009 Office of Legacy Management Real Property Reuse Strategy, August 2009 LM is committed to the environmentally sound disposition, and the beneficial reuse, of property. LM is currently conducting real property reuse activities at LM sites throughout the country. This strategy document addresses LM's property disposition and real property reuse priorities for the next several years. Office of Legacy Management Real Property Reuse Strategy, August 2009 More Documents & Publications Quarterly EMS Performance FY 2013 Second Quarter Process for Transition of Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title II Disposal Sites to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management for Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance

285

Real world market representation with agents.  

SciTech Connect

As power markets are relatively new and still continue to evolve, there is a growing need for advanced modeling approaches that simulate the behavior of electricity markets over time and how market participants may act and react to the changing economic, financial and regulatory environments in which they operate. A new and rather promising approach is to model the electricity market as a complex adaptive system using an agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS) approach. The purpose of an ABMS model is not necessarily to predict the outcome of a system but to reveal and understand the complex and aggregate system behaviors that emerge from the interactions of the heterogeneous individual entities. Emergent behavior is a key feature of ABMS and is not easily inferred from the simple sum of the behavior of its components. By relying on both established engineering modeling techniques as well as advanced quantitative economic market principles, the ABMS approach is uniquely suited to addressing the strategic issues of interest to different market participants as well as those of market monitors and regulators.

Koritarov, V.; Decision and Information Sciences

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Real and imaginary chemical potential in 2-color QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study the finite temperature SU(2) gauge theory with staggered fermions for non-zero imaginary and real chemical potential. The method of analytical continuation of Monte Carlo results from imaginary to real chemical potential is tested by comparison with simulations performed {\\em directly} for real chemical potential. We discuss the applicability of the method in the different regions of the phase diagram in the temperature -- imaginary chemical potential plane.

P. Giudice; A. Papa

2004-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

287

Real-WoRld Technology TesTs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

drillbit is used for seismic while drilling, enabling real-time imaging in deep HPHT wells. Robert P. Radtke, Technology International, Inc.; and Mandy Cepeda, RMOTC An...

288

Adaptive Real-Time Methodology for Optimizing Energy-Efficient...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Email Adaptive Real-Time Methodology for Optimizing Energy-Efficient Computing Dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS) is an effective way to reduce energy and power...

289

USAA Real Estate Company's Energy Policy | ENERGY STAR Buildings...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

USAA Real Estate Company's Energy Policy Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new...

290

Real-Time Optimization Strategies for Building Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 2, 2011 ... Abstract: We propose real-time optimization strategies for energy ... reductions of energy intensity compared with traditional strategies.

291

The role of sustainability in real estate finance and investments.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Conventional real estate development practices and the operation of existing buildings create significant negative externalities. New practices collectively known as “green building” or “sustainable development”… (more)

Torvestad, Garth Robert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Investment opportunities in green technology real estate projects.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The real estate sector accounts for more than a third of global greenhouse gas emissions and potentially provides great opportunity for carbon reduction. Energy efficient… (more)

B?aszczuk, Krzysztof (Krzysztof Aleksander)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Real-Time Molecular Study...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real-Time Molecular Study of Bystander Effects Using Imaging and Nano-Particle Optics Mohan Natarajan University of Texas Health Science Center Why this Project? To develop...

294

Master Limited Partnerships and Real Estate Investment Trusts...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Real Estate Investment Trusts: Opportunities and Potential Complications for Renewable Energy David Feldman and Edward Settle Technical Report NRELTP-6A20-60413 November...

295

EIA releases energy infrastructure map with real-time ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

With peak hurricane season approaching, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) is introducing interactive maps that combine real-time data ...

296

Real-Time Chemical Imaging of Bacterial Biofilm Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real-Time Chemical Imaging of Bacterial Biofilm Development Print Scientists have developed a robust and label-free method to probe the chemical underpinnings of developing...

297

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at the ALS, developed a new technique for monitoring protein phosphorylation inside living mammalian cells, enabling them to follow cellular chemical changes in real time,...

298

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CA. November 15. Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI).with Real Time Pricing Electric Power Research Institute (Electric) 67 American Electric Power (Public Service

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Real Power Regulation for the Utility Power Grid via ...  

Real Power Regulation for the Utility Power Grid via Responsive Loads Technology Summary A new methodology for dynamically managing an electrical ...

300

Towards a High Quality Real-Time Graphics Pipeline.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Modern graphics hardware pipelines create photorealistic images with high geometric complexity in real time. The quality is constantly improving and advanced techniques from feature film… (more)

Munkberg, Jacob

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Vector Graphics for Real-time 3D Rendering.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Algorithms are presented that enable the use of vector graphics representations of images in texture maps for 3D real time rendering. Vector graphics images are… (more)

Qin, Zheng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

2012 Federal Real Property Council Reporting Guidance | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance 2012 Federal Real Property Council Reporting Guidance FRPP 2012 Data Dictionary FINAL.pdf More Documents & Publications FRPC User Guidance -for FY2006 FRPC User...

303

Sensor Technology for Real Time Monitoring of Molten Salt ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Sensor Technology for Real Time Monitoring of Molten Salt Electrolytes During Nuclear Fuel Electrorefining. Author(s), Michael F. Simpson, ...

304

Method for real-time analysis of biosensor data  

Disclosure Number 200501550 Technology Summary This invention is a method for real-time rapid analysis of data that is collected by biosensors or ...

305

Optimization of Real Asset Portfolio using a Coherent Risk Measure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 19, 2008 ... Optimization of Real Asset Portfolio using a Coherent Risk Measure: ... initial techniques evolved to the use of enterprise portfolio management, ...

306

Laboratory academy provides teachers with 'real world' context...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

computational modeling experience they can use in the classroom. Photo by Jamie DouglasLLNL. Laboratory academy provides teachers with 'real world' context to teach science...

307

GROW1: a crop growth model for assessing impacts of gaseous pollutants from geothermal technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A preliminary model of photosynthesis and growth of field crops was developed to assess the effects of gaseous pollutants, particularly airborne sulfur compounds, resulting from energy production from geothermal resources. The model simulates photosynthesis as a function of such variables as irradiance, CO/sub 2/ diffusion resistances, and internal biochemical processes. The model allocates the products of photosynthesis to structural (leaf, stem, root, and fruit) and storage compartments of the plant. The simulations encompass the entire growing season from germination to senescence. The model is described conceptually and mathematically and examples of model output are provided for various levels of pollutant stress. Also, future developments that would improve this preliminary model are outlined and its applications are discussed.

Kercher, J.R.

1977-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

308

Method of synthesizing and growing copper-indium-diselenide (CuInSe.sub.2) crystals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for preparing CuInSe.sub.2 crystals includes melting a sufficient quantity of B.sub.2 O.sub.3 along with stoichiometric quantities of Cu, In, and Se in a crucible in a high pressure atmosphere of inert gas to encapsulate the CuInSe.sub.2 melt and confine the Se to the crucible. Additional Se in the range of 1.8 to 2.2 percent over the stoichiometric quantity is preferred to make up for small amounts of Se lost in the process. The crystal is grown by inserting a seed crystal through the B.sub.2 O.sub.3 encapsulate into contact with the CuInSe.sub.2 melt and withdrawing the seed upwardly to grow the crystal thereon from the melt.

Ciszek, Theodore F. (Evergreen, CO)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Seasonal Prediction of Air Temperature Associated with the Growing-Season Start of Warm-Season Crops across Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal prediction of growing-season start of warm-season crops (GSSWC) is an important task for the agriculture sector to identify risks and opportunities in advance. On the basis of observational daily surface air temperature at 210 stations ...

Zhiwei Wu; Hai Lin; Ted O’Brien

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Seasonal Prediction of Killing-Frost Frequency in South-Central Canada during the Cool/Overwintering-Crop Growing Season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal killing-frost frequency (KFF) during the cool/overwintering-crop growing season is important for the Canadian agricultural sector to prepare and respond to such extreme agrometeorological events. On the basis of observed daily surface air ...

Zhiwei Wu; Hai Lin; Yun Li; Youmin Tang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Strategic framework for real estate investment in emerging markets : the case of commercial real estate in Bogotá, Colombia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real estate investment is becoming increasingly international. Deregulation and integration of global capital markets, growth of emerging market economies, demographic trends in developed economies, and geopolitical and ...

Otálora Castro, José Camilo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

MONOCULAR OPTICAL FLOW FOR REAL-TIME VISION SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MONOCULAR OPTICAL FLOW FOR REAL-TIME VISION SYSTEMS Stephen M. Benoit and Frank P. Ferrie TR-CIM-96 268510 FAX: 514 398-7348 Email: cim@cim.mcgill.ca #12;MONOCULAR OPTICAL FLOW FOR REAL-TIME VISION SYSTEMS

Dudek, Gregory

313

Towards the compositional verification of real-time UML designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current techniques for the verification of software as e.g. model checking are limited when it comes to the verification of complex distributed embedded real-time systems. Our approach addresses this problem and in particular the state explosion problem ... Keywords: embedded systems, object constraint language (OCL), pattern, real-time, unified modelling language (UML)

Holger Giese; Matthias Tichy; Sven Burmester; Wilhelm Schäfer; Stephan Flake

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Analysis of Wind Generation System by Real-Time Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the demand of green energy, the number of wind turbines installed has been increased drastically worldwide. Comparing with the traditional utility generation systems, the dynamic characteristic and response of wind farms are totally different. ... Keywords: Doubly-fed induction generator, real-time simulation, PC cluster-based real-time simulator, wind farm

H. C. Su; G. W. Chang; H. M. Huang; K. K. Jen; G. C. Chung; G. Z. Wu

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Real-time deformable models for surgery simulation: a survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulating the behaviour of elastic objects in real time is one of the current objectives of computer graphics. One of its fields of application lies in virtual reality, mainly in surgery simulation systems. In computer graphics, the models used for ... Keywords: Animation, Deformable model, Elasticity, Real time, Surgery simulation

U. Meier; O. López; C. Monserrat; M. C. Juan; M. Alcañiz

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Real-time Remote Sensing of Snowmobiles Emissions at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real-time Remote Sensing of Snowmobiles Emissions at Yellowstone National Park: An Oxygenated Fuel 68509 #12;Real-time Remote Sensing of Snowmobile Emissions at Yellowstone National Park 2 Executive Summary In the winter of 1999, the University of Denver conducted a remote sensing study at Yellowstone

Denver, University of

317

Dynamic software updates for real-time systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seamlessly updating software in running systems has recently gained momentum. Dynamically updating the software of real-time embedded systems, however, still poses numerous challenges: such systems must meet hard deadlines, cope with limited resources, ... Keywords: dynamic software update, embedded, real-time

Michael Wahler; Stefan Richter; Manuel Oriol

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

High-speed real-time multi-rate simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent research has focused on developing techniques that use digital signal processors (DSPs) and field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) to support real-time simulation with frame times of a few microseconds or less. These techniques can be used ... Keywords: FPGA, distributed, high-speed, multi-rate, real-time

Roy Crosbie; Dale Word; John Zenor; Richard Bednar; Wilfred Ghonsalves; Narain Hingorani

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

A timeband framework for modelling real-time systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex real-time systems must integrate physical processes with digital control, human operation and organisational structures. New scientific foundations are required for specifying, designing and implementing these systems. One key challenge is to ... Keywords: Cyber physical, Modelling, Real-time systems

Alan Burns; Ian J. Hayes

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Neural Networks for Real-Time Traffic Signal Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time traffic signal control is an integral part of the urban traffic control system, and providing effective real-time traffic signal control for a large complex traffic network is an extremely challenging distributed control problem. This paper ... Keywords: Distributed control, hybrid model, neural control, online learning, traffic signal control

D. Srinivasan; Min Chee Choy; R. L. Cheu

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Matching customer requests to service offerings in real-time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Classic request-response Service-oriented architecture (SOA) has reached a level of maturity where SOA inspired extensions are enabling new and creative domains like the Internet of Things, real-time business or real-time Web. These new domains impose ... Keywords: SOA, complex event processing, mediation, nonfunctional properties, service selection

Marcel Tilly; Stephan Reiff-Marganiec

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Overhead elimination mechanisms in real-time systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The OEM (Overhead Elimination Mechanism), a scheduler for finding minimal overheads with reduced context switches in real-time systems, was developed using procedural methods. Software produced by these methods has often proven to be inflexible and difficult ... Keywords: Real-time scheduling, context switches, object-oriented, procedural, rate monotonic algorithm

Ilhyun Lee; Haesun K. Lee; Narayan Debnath

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Real-Time Camera Planning for Navigation in Virtual Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we have developed a real-time camera control module for navigation in virtual environments. With this module, the tracking motion of a third-person camera can be generated automatically to allow a user to focus on the control of an avatar. ... Keywords: Budget-based Planning, Intelligent Cam-era Control, Probabilistic Roadmap, Real-Time Camera Planning

Tsai-Yen Li; Chung-Chiang Cheng

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Evaluation of real options in an oil field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subject of this paper is the application of real options models for valuing an offshore oil property in the North of Africa. Three different approaches were used - one based on the traditional Black-Scholes model, the Marketed Asset Disclaimer (MAD) ... Keywords: capital budgeting, decision analysis, investment appraisal, oil fields, real options

João Oliveira Soares; Diogo Baltazar

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Identification of probable real words: an entropy-based approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a method for identifying probable real words among out-of-vocabulary (OOV) words in text. The identification of real words is done based on entropy of probability of character trigrams as well as the morphological rules of English. ...

Youngja Park

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Challenge benchmarks for verification of real-time programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time systems, and in particular safety-critical systems, are a rich source of challenges for the program verification community as software errors can have catastrophic consequences. Unfortunately, it is nearly impossible to find representative ... Keywords: java, real-time, verification

Tomas Kalibera; Pavel Parizek; Ghaith Haddad; Gary T. Leavens; Jan Vitek

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Modeling the Impact of Warming in Climate Change Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any economic analysis of climate change policy requires some model that describes the impact of warming on future GDP and consumption. Most integrated assessment models (IAMs) relate temperature to the level of real GDP ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

328

Gas-export potential will grow until domestic economies hike local demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prospects appear good for near-term growth of exportable natural-gas supplies for some member countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (C.I.S.). These conclusions are a result of Enron Corp.'s recent investigations in the C.I.S. and other former Soviet republics. They are based on data obtained in cooperation with Vinigaz, the research arm of the Russian state gas concern Gazprom, and from various other research and consulting groups. These studies indicate that gas-export potential will grow as local demand for gas shrinks in the C.I.S. (as the energy needs of the individual republics decline during the period of economic transition) and while the C.I.S.-area countries continue to require foreign currency to help fund redevelopment and reduce debt. This concluding of two articles reviews the economic outlook for outside investment in the oil, gas, and gas-liquids infrastructure and the role of natural-gas supply and price in the development of domestic and export markets.

Carson, M.; Stram, B. (Enron Corp., Houston, TX (United States))

1993-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

329

Reviewing real-time performance of nuclear reactor safety systems  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to recommend regulatory guidance for reviewers examining real-time performance of computer-based safety systems used in nuclear power plants. Three areas of guidance are covered in this report. The first area covers how to determine if, when, and what prototypes should be required of developers to make a convincing demonstration that specific problems have been solved or that performance goals have been met. The second area has recommendations for timing analyses that will prove that the real-time system will meet its safety-imposed deadlines. The third area has description of means for assessing expected or actual real-time performance before, during, and after development is completed. To ensure that the delivered real-time software product meets performance goals, the paper recommends certain types of code-execution and communications scheduling. Technical background is provided in the appendix on methods of timing analysis, scheduling real-time computations, prototyping, real-time software development approaches, modeling and measurement, and real-time operating systems.

Preckshot, G.G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Outlook 2011  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Table A20. Macroeconomic Indicators (Billion 2005 Chain-Weighted Dollars, Unless Otherwise Noted) Indicators Reference Case Annual Grow th 2009-2035 (percent) 2008 2009 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 Real Gross Domestic Product . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13229 12881 15338 17422 20015 22735 25692 2.7% Components of Real Gross Domestic Product Real Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9265 9154 10444 11669 13277 15049 16978 2.4% Real Investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1957 1516 2590 2991 3549 4132 4853 4.6% Real Government Spending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2503 2543 2555 2665 2796 2935 3069 0.7% Real Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1648 1491 2437 3381 4488 5763 7336 6.3% Real Imp orts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2152 1854 2622 3152 3845 4736 5912 4.6% Energy Inten sity (thousand Btu per 2005 dollar of GDP) Delivered Energy . . . . . . .

331

RTJBench: A RealTime Java Benchmarking Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The paper gives an overview of RTJBench, a framework designed to assist in the task of benchmarking programs written in the Real-Time Specification for Java, but with potentially more general applicability. RTJBench extends the JUnit framework for unit testing of Java applications with tools for real-time environment configuration, simple data processing and configurable graphical presentation services. We present design principles of RTJBench and give an example of a benchmarking suite we have been using for daily regression benchmarking of the Open Virtual Machine. Keywords: Benchmarking, regression benchmarking, Real-Time Specification for Java

Marek Prochazka; Andrey Madan; Jan Vitek; Wenchang Liu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Harmonizing Melodies in Real-Time: the Connectionist Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a sequential neural network for harmonizing melodies in real time. It models aspects of human cognition. This neural network succeeds reasonably well, if we take into consideration the constraints imposed by real time processing. The model exploits efficiently the available sequential information. The net contains a sub-net for meter that produces a periodic index of meter, providing the needed metric awareness. The net learns the relations between important notes of the melody and their harmonies and is able to produce harmonies for new melodies in real time, i.e., without knowledge of the future development of the melody.

Dan Gang; Daniel Lehmann; Naftali Wagner

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Formal specification of real-time dependable systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complex and critical nature of real-time, dependable systems (henceforth referred to as RTD systems) necessitates the use of analyzable specifications and specification analysis techniques supporting the assessment of behavioral, safety-critical, ... Keywords: analyzable specifications, behavioral quality, consistency check, fault-tolerant quality, formal reasoning systems, formal specification, multilevel description, nonfunctional qualities, precise specification language, real-time dependable systems, real-time systems, safety-critical quality, safety-critical software, security of data, security quality, software fault tolerance, specification analysis techniques, specification languages, system monitoring

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Real (MEER) Real (MEER) Jump to: navigation, search Name Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Agency/Company /Organization International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Country Brazil, China, India, Mexico, Russia South America, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, Eastern Europe References International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation[1] Program Overview The MEER will include a comprehensive inventory of international energy efficiency projects, as well as in-depth analysis of the opportunities to

335

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

10 10 1 November 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook November 9, 2010 Release Highlights  EIA expects the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil to average about $83 per barrel this winter (October 1 to March 31), a $5.50-per-barrel increase over last winter and $3 per barrel more than in last month's Outlook. Projected WTI prices rise gradually to $87 per barrel by the fourth quarter of 2011 as U.S. and global economic conditions improve. EIA's forecast assumes U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) grows by 2.6 percent in 2010 and 2.2 percent in 2011, while world real GDP weighted by oil consumption grows by 3.9 percent and 3.3 percent, respectively.

336

Real Time Flux Control in PM Motors  

SciTech Connect

Significant research at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center (PEEMRC) is being conducted to develop ways to increase (1) torque, (2) speed range, and (3) efficiency of traction electric motors for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) within existing current and voltage bounds. Current is limited by the inverter semiconductor devices' capability and voltage is limited by the stator wire insulation's ability to withstand the maximum back-electromotive force (emf), which occurs at the upper end of the speed range. One research track has been to explore ways to control the path and magnitude of magnetic flux while the motor is operating. The phrase, real time flux control (RTFC), refers to this mode of operation in which system parameters are changed while the motor is operating to improve its performance and speed range. RTFC has potential to meet an increased torque demand by introducing additional flux through the main air gap from an external source. It can augment the speed range by diverting flux away from the main air gap to reduce back-emf at high speeds. Conventional RTFC technology is known as vector control [1]. Vector control decomposes the stator current into two components; one that produces torque and a second that opposes (weakens) the magnetic field generated by the rotor, thereby requiring more overall stator current and reducing the efficiency. Efficiency can be improved by selecting a RTFC method that reduces the back-emf without increasing the average current. This favors methods that use pulse currents or very low currents to achieve field weakening. Foremost in ORNL's effort to develop flux control is the work of J. S. Hsu. Early research [2,3] introduced direct control of air-gap flux in permanent magnet (PM) machines and demonstrated it with a flux-controlled generator. The configuration eliminates the problem of demagnetization because it diverts all the flux from the magnets instead of trying to oppose it. It is robust and could be particularly useful for PM generators and electric vehicle drives. Recent efforts have introduced a brushless machine that transfers a magneto-motive force (MMF) generated by a stationary excitation coil to the rotor [4]. Although a conventional PM machine may be field weakened using vector control, the air-gap flux density cannot be effectively enhanced. In Hsu's new machine, the magnetic field generated by the rotor's PM may be augmented by the field from the stationery excitation coil and channeled with flux guides to its desired destination to enhance the air-gap flux that produces torque. The magnetic field can also be weakened by reversing the current in the stationary excitation winding. A patent for advanced technology in this area is pending. Several additional RTFC methods have been discussed in open literature. These include methods of changing the number of poles by magnetizing and demagnetizing the magnets poles with pulses of current corresponding to direct-axis (d-axis) current of vector control [5,6], changing the number of stator coils [7], and controlling the air gap [8]. Test experience has shown that the magnet strengths may vary and weaken naturally as rotor temperature increases suggesting that careful control of the rotor temperature, which is no easy task, could yield another method of RTFC. The purpose of this report is to (1) examine the interaction of rotor and stator flux with regard to RTFC, (2) review and summarize the status of RTFC technology, and (3) compare and evaluate methods for RTFC with respect to maturity, advantages and limitations, deployment difficulty and relative complexity.

Otaduy, P.J.

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

337

Evaluation of Concurrency Control Strategies for Mixed Soft Real-Time Database Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Evaluation of Concurrency Control Strategies for Mixed Soft Real-Time Database Systems Kam of the miss rate of soft real-time transactions. Although many new database applications have significant soft real-time database systems (MSRTDBS), in which both non-real-time and soft real-time transactions

Cheng, Reynold Cheng Chun

338

Real-time energy management control for hybrid electric powertrains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on embedded control of a hybrid powertrain concepts for mobile vehicle applications. Optimal robust control approach is used to develop a real-time energy management strategy. The main idea is to store the normally wasted mechanical ...

Mohamed Zaher, Sabri Cetinkunt

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

A note on the real coarse Baum-Connes conjecture.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We document some versions, in real K-theory, of well-known properties of the coarse assembly map in complex K-theory. These results are well-known, but difficult to find in the literature.

John Roe

340

Real time reconstruction of quasiperiodic multi parameter physiological signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A modern intensive care unit (ICU) has automated analysis systems that depend on continuous uninterrupted real time monitoring of physiological signals such as electrocardiogram (ECG), arterial blood pressure (ABP), and ...

Ganeshapillai, Gartheeban

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Real-Time ALARA Plan Tracking Tool: Phase 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary objective of this project was to develop a generic industry template for tracking and trending live, Real Time (RT) exposure data by task and RWP (Radiation Work Permit).

2007-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

342

Barriers to growth in the US real estate derivatives market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial real estate is an important asset class but it does not yet have a well-developed derivatives market in the United States. A derivative is a contract that derives its value from an underlying index or asset. ...

Venter, Jani

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis The invention apparatus can also be used to monitor for the presence of halogens, sulfur and silicon. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis There has been invented a process for analyzing ambient air in a microwave induced plasma without use of an additional carrier gas. There has also been invented an apparatus for analyzing ambient air, other sample gas, or nebulized and desolvated liquids wherein a novel arrangement of plasma gas and sample gas conduits is used to enhance dependability of the plasma. This apparatus embodiment of the invention has a concentric arrangement of

344

Definition: Real-Time Load Measurement And Management | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Management Management Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Real-Time Load Measurement And Management This function provides real-time measurement of customer consumption and management of load through Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) systems (smart meters, two-way communications) and embedded appliance controllers that help customers make informed energy use decisions via real-time price signals, time-of-use (TOU) rates, and service options.[1] Related Terms advanced metering infrastructure, time-of-use pricing, smart grid References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Functions' An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Real-Time_Load_Measurement_And_Management&oldid=493115

345

Improving Real World Efficiency of High Performance Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improving Real World Efficiency of High Performance Buildings Buildings End-Use Energy Efficiency Research www.energy.ca.gov/research/buildings February 2012 The Issue Highperformance buildings efficiency in highperformance buildings, however, are not always realized in practice. Addressing

346

Software development with real-time collaborative editing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents Collabode, a web-based integrated development environment for Java. With real-time collaborative editing, multiple programmers can use Collabode to edit the same source code at the same time. Collabode ...

Goldman, Max, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Will the Real Higgs Boson...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Will the Real Higgs Boson Please Stand Up? By Lori Ann White August 9, 2011 Although physicists from two experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider and from Fermilab's Tevatron...

348

Investment opportunities in green technology real estate projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The real estate sector accounts for more than a third of global greenhouse gas emissions and potentially provides great opportunity for carbon reduction. Energy efficient and green buildings have a huge potential in ...

B?aszczuk, Krzysztof (Krzysztof Aleksander)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Device Specific Real-time Energy Monitoring, Control, and Dynamic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Device Specific Real-time Energy Monitoring, Control, and Dynamic Demand Response Solutions Speaker(s): Jake Masters Olcay Ungun Date: February 23, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122...

350

List Processing in Real Time on a Serial Computer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A real-time list processing system is one in which the time required by each elementary list operation (CONS, CAR, CDR, RPLACA, RPLACD, EQ, and ATOM in LISP) is bounded by a (small) constant. Classical list processing ...

Baker, Henry G. Jr.

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Towards Near Real-Time Availability With Enhanced Accuracy Turbo...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Turbo" ARSCL Towards Near Real-Time Availability With Enhanced Accuracy Turbo-ARSCL Project The goal is to speed delivery of the widely-used ARSCL product while improving the...

352

FBLT: a real-time contention manager with improved schedulability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider software transactional memory (STM) concurrency control for embedded multicore real-time software, and present a novel contention manager for resolving transactional conflicts, called FBLT. We upper bound transactional retries and task response ...

Mohammed Elshambakey, Binoy Ravindran

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Real-time analog acquisition of electrophysiological signals with Soma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soma is a high-density recording system for real-time acquisition and analysis of extracellular electrophysiological signals. Here I describe the design, implementation, and evaluation of the Soma Acquisition Board, an ...

Jonas, Eric Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Evaluation of Data Reduction Algorithms for Real-Time Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data reduction tools are developed and evaluated using a data analysis framework. Simple (nonadaptive) and intelligent (adaptive) thinning algorithms are applied to both synthetic and real data and the thinned datasets are ingested into an ...

Steven M. Lazarus; Michael E. Splitt; Michael D. Lueken; Rahul Ramachandran; Xiang Li; Sunil Movva; Sara J. Graves; Bradley T. Zavodsky

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Platforms and real options in large-scale engineering systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis introduces a framework and two methodologies that enable engineering management teams to assess the value of real options in programs of large-scale, partially standardized systems implemented a few times over ...

Kalligeros, Konstantinos C., 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Available Technologies: Real-Time Monitoring of Plant ...  

... which act as common building blocks of plant ... the gases emitted by the living plant tissue are analyzed in real-time for emissions of 13C in both organic ...

357

MJO Initiation in the Real-Time Multivariate MJO Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) initiation in the real-time multivariate MJO (RMM) index is explored through an analysis of observed case studies and composite events. Specific examples illustrate that both the dates of MJO initiation and the ...

Katherine H. Straub

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

NETL: Gasification Systems - Real Time Flame Monitoring of Gasifier...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real Time Flame Monitoring of Gasifier Burner and Injectors Project No.: DE-FC26-02NT41585 Gas Technology Institute is developing a reliable, practical, and cost effective means to...

359

Reflectance and texture of real-world surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we investigate the visual appearance of real-world surfaces and the dependence of appearance on the geometry of imaging conditions. We discuss a new texture representation called the BTF (bidirectional texture function) which captures the ...

Kristin J. Dana; Bram van Ginneken; Shree K. Nayar; Jan J. Koenderink

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Opportunities and obstacles for foreign investors in Turkish real estate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the Turkish real estate market from the viewpoint of foreign investors contemplating entering into that market. Since 2002, the government of Turkey has been implementing an aggressive economic reform ...

Halkali, Hasan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Factors influencing German private equity investment in US real estate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis identifies and ranks in order of importance the key factors influencing high net-worth German investors' decisions about US real estate private equity investments. Through research and in-depth interviews with ...

Paelmo, Kay L. (Kay Lee), 1977-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

International real estate investments by US pension and endowment funds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The last decade has seen a renewed interest and resurgence in private IRE investments by US institutional investors. Pension Plan Sponsors and Endowment Funds have sought out foreign real estate to accomplish a variety of ...

Mullins, Michael J., 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Opportunities and challenges of investing in Indian real estate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, global real estate investment has become an important component of efficient global mixed asset portfolios. Although these investments carry increased political, regulatory and currency risk, international ...

Wadhwani, Kunal (Kunal P.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Real World Adobe Illustrator CS5, 1st edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real World Adobe Illustrator CS5 is the definitive reference to Adobe's industry-standard vector graphics software. With an easy, engaging style, author and past Illustrator product manager Mordy Golding takes readers through all of the features of the ...

Mordy Golding

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

The paths and characteristics of real estate entrepreneurs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What paths have real estate entrepreneurs taken to establish their own firm? Also, what characteristics did they develop and utilize in the process? This thesis gives the unique opportunity to better understand the life ...

Kazmierski, Michael (Michael Anthony)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

New Real-Time Quantum Efficiency Measurement System: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes a newly developed technique for measuring the quantum eficiiency in solar cells in real-time using a unique, electronically controlled, full-spectrum light source.

Young, D. L.; Egaas, B.; Pinegar, S.; Stradins, P.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Decoupled Sampling for Real-Time Graphics Pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose decoupled sampling, an approach that decouples shading from visibility sampling in order to enable motion blur and depth-of-field at reduced cost. More generally, it enables extensions of modern real-time graphics ...

Ragan-Kelley, Jonathan

2010-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

368

Real options approach to capacity planning under uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis highlights the effectiveness of Real Options Analysis (ROA) in capacity planning decisions for engineering projects subject to uncertainty. This is in contrast to the irreversible decision-making proposed by ...

Mittal, Geetanjali, 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Exploiting temporal coherence in real-time rendering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Temporal coherence (TC), the correlation of contents between adjacent rendered frames, exists across a wide range of scenes and motion types in practical real-time rendering. By taking advantage of TC, we can save redundant computation and improve ...

Daniel Scherzer; Lei Yang; Oliver Mattausch

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Event Order Abstraction for Parametric Real-Time System Verification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new abstraction technique, event order abstraction (EOA), for parametric safety verification of real-time systems in which ``correct orderings of events'' needed for system correctness are maintained by timing ...

Umeno, Shinya

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

371

Scalable modeling of real graphs using Kronecker multiplication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given a large, real graph, how can we generate a synthetic graph that matches its properties, i.e., it has similar degree distribution, similar (small) diameter, similar spectrum, etc? We propose to use "Kronecker graphs", which naturally obey ...

Jure Leskovec; Christos Faloutsos

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

An investigation of real gas effects in supercritical CO? compressors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a comprehensive assessment of real gas effects on the performance and matching of centrifugal compressors operating with CO2 at supercritical conditions. The analytical framework combines first principles ...

Baltadjiev, Nikola D. (Nikola Dimitrov)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Management of real-time streaming data grid services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss the architectural and management support for real time data stream applications, both in terms of lower level messaging and higher level service, filter and session structures. In our approach, messaging systems act as a Grid substrate that ...

Geoffrey Fox; Galip Aydin; Harshawardhan Gadgil; Shrideep Pallickara; Marlon Pierce; Wenjun Wu

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Essays on the real and financial allocation of capital  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three papers studying how firms allocate real and financial capital, and how taxes, the labor market and asymmetric information affect these allocation decisions. The first paper studies the ...

Ramírez Verdugo, Arturo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

The 8 requirements of real-time stream processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applications that require real-time processing of high-volume data steams are pushing the limits of traditional data processing infrastructures. These stream-based applications include market feed processing and electronic trading on Wall Street, network ...

Michael Stonebraker; U?ur Çetintemel; Stan Zdonik

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Sustainability in Real Estate- "Do Green Buildings make Investors Happy?"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

“If you don’t join in, you have lost already!” or “Green Building is just a trend.”- Quotes like these have dominated the real estate press over the past year. Who will prove right in the end? It will soon be decided when real estate assessors and chartered surveyors start accounting for energy efficiency, the health and comfort issues of occupants as well as other sustainability aspects. Occupants are already showing interest in the sustainability issues of their real estate. According to an opinion poll completed in June 2008 among tenants of Union Investment Real Estate AG, 68 percent of tenants would be willing to pay a premium for renewable energy sources enhancing the efficiency of energy consumption in their buildings. After all, service charges will be lower with new technology and after the implementation of a coherent sustainability strategy tenants will benefit from a higher quality work environment. An even higher percentage, 72 percent of tenants, state that the degree of sustainability of the building has an influence on future decisions to rent or not to rent in a given building. Tenant preferences not only make the sustainability of real estate economically relevant but also make it key to a real estate portfolio, which is able to survive the next cycle with lower vacancy rates and higher yields as it accounts for the needs of the occupants as well as for the high standards of multinational corporations. The latter often have to show their ethical behavior in annual reports. Members of the carbon disclosure project, for instance, need to declare their CO²- footprint regularly throughout the fiscal year. In the end the financial performance of real estate is determined by the preferences of the occupants. As such it becomes obvious why sustainable real estate is in the investor´s best interest. High ethical standards and entrepreneurial responsibility prompted Union Investment Real Estate AG to get involved and participate in the activities of the German sustainable building council (DGNB). Its goal is to develop a system for certification comparable to established international standards like LEED or BREEAM. A wide variety of interest groups within the construction and real estate industry work together with the DGNB to measure and map specific criteria and the requirements of sustainability in the German market. Union Investment Real Estate AG is convinced that "Green Building" is an irreversible development, as it results in ecologically and socially reasonable investments and demonstrates the responsible attitude of the industry in times of ever increasing energy costs, which also makes it a plain economic necessity to act sustainably.

Bode, R.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

The Covariant Electromagnetic Casimir Effect for Real Conducting Cylindrical Shells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using covariant quantization of the electromagnetic field, the Casimir force per unit area experienced by a long conducting cylindrical shell, under both Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions, is calculated. The renormalization procedure is based on the plasma cut-off frequency for real conductors. The real case of a gold (silver) cylindrical shell is considered and the corresponding electromagnetic Casimir pressure is computed. It is discussed that the Dirichlet and Neumann problems should be considered separately without adding their corresponding results.

H. Razmi; N. Fadaei

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

378

Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report Title Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2008 Authors Eto, Joseph H., Manu Parashar, Bernard C. Lesieutre, and Nancy J. Lewis Pagination 62 Date Published 12/2008 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords consortium for electric reliability technology solutions (certs), energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract The increased need to manage California's electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management - construction of new transmission lines - has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools.

379

Estimating forest structural characteristics with airborne lidar scanning and a near-real time profiling laser systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) directly measures canopy vertical structures, and provides an effective remote sensing solution to accurate and spatiallyexplicit mapping of forest characteristics, such as canopy height and Leaf Area Index. However, many factors, such as large data volume and high costs for data acquisition, precludes the operational and practical use of most currently available LiDARs for frequent and large-scale mapping. At the same time, a growing need is arising for realtime remote sensing platforms, e.g., to provide timely information for urgent applications. This study aims to develop an airborne profiling LiDAR system, featured with on-the-fly data processing, for near real- or real- time forest inventory. The development of such a system involves implementing the on-board data processing and analysis as well as building useful regression-based models to relate LiDAR measurements with forest biophysical parameters. This work established a paradigm for an on-the-fly airborne profiling LiDAR system to inventory regional forest resources in real- or near real- time. The system was developed based on an existing portable airborne laser system (PALS) that has been previously assembled at NASA by Dr. Ross Nelson. Key issues in automating PALS as an on-the-fly system were addressed, including the design of an archetype for the system workflow, the development of efficient and robust algorithms for automatic data processing and analysis, the development of effective regression models to predict forest biophysical parameters from LiDAR measurements, and the implementation of an integrated software package to incorporate all the above development. This work exploited the untouched potential of airborne laser profilers for realtime forest inventory, and therefore, documented an initial step toward developing airborne-laser-based, on-the-fly, real-time, forest inventory systems. Results from this work demonstrated the utility and effectiveness of airborne scanning or profiling laser systems for remotely measuring various forest structural attributes at a range of scales, i.e., from individual tree, plot, stand and up to regional levels. The system not only provides a regional assessment tool, one that can be used to repeatedly, remotely measure hundreds or thousands of square kilometers with little/no analyst interaction or interpretation, but also serves as a paradigm for future efforts in building more advanced airborne laser systems such as real-time laser scanners.

Zhao, Kaiguang

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Advanced Analysis of the Responses of Cotton Genotypes Growing Under Water Stress  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ever-growing world population raises the concern and necessity of rational use and distribution of limited water resources. Water deficit is the single most dominant abiotic factor limiting cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) yield in drought-prone Texas croplands. Characterizing plant traits conferring drought tolerance to cotton genotypes and then transferring this information back to breeders and geneticists have the potential of significantly increasing and stabilizing production statewide. Although a plethora of physiological studies have been conducted and have demonstrated that drought tolerance in plants is likely to be conferred by a combination of plant traits rather than a single trait, this knowledge has not translated into improved breeding lines. Experiments were conducted in 2010 and 2011 in the Drought Tolerance Laboratory (Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center in Corpus Christi, TX) to analyze the responses of cotton genotypes to different levels of water stress. This facility is equipped with computerized systems capable of continuously monitoring whole-plant water use as well as several environmental parameters. Sixteen cotton genotypes were provided by Monsanto Co. and the Texas AgriLife Cotton Improvement Programs at College Station and Lubbock. Seeds were pre-germinated in wet paper towels and then hand planted in large pots previously filled with fritted clay. A total of 3 and 8 (2010 and 2011, respectively) pots containing plants of each genotype were permanently placed on micro-lysimeters for continuous measurement of water use. Water regimes were imposed in 2010 (well-watered and water-stressed), and 2011 (water-stressed) when plants reached the early-flowering stage and were carried until plants reached maturity (100% open bolls). Data collected showed that genotypes have very distinct water use patterns. The water stress treatment imposed on the test plants negatively affected plant growth that was indicated by a lower plant height, total number of leaves, and main-stem nodes of stressed plants when contrasted to their well-watered counterparts. Stomatal density was remarkably different among genotypes and a higher density was found on the abaxial (lower) leaf surface for all genotypes studied. Root dry mass production had different responses depending upon the severity of the water stress. Highest root dry mass was observed when plants were exposed to a mild stress and lowest when a more severe water restriction was imposed.

Maeda, Murilo 1985-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The relationship between residual feed intake and feeding behavior in growing heifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to determine if feeding behavior traits are correlated with performance and feed efficiency traits in growing heifers. Individual dry matter intake (DMI) was measured in Brangus heifers (n = 115) fed a roughage-based diet (ME = 2.1 Mcal/kg) for 70 d using Calan gate feeders (6 heifers/pen). Residual feed intake (RFI) was computed as the residuals from linear regression of DMI on mid-test BW0.75 and average daily gain (ADG). Heifers with the highest (n = 18) and lowest (n = 18) RFI were identified for feeding behavior measurements. During days 28 through 56 of the 70-d feeding trial, continuous video recordings were obtained for all heifers. Video images of two sets of four 24-h periods, two weeks apart, were analyzed for the focal animals. All occurrences of feeding were timed and counted per day, and the eight 24-h periods averaged to derive the overall feeding event (FE) and meal duration and frequency for each focal heifer. Total feeding event duration was defined as the total min per day the animal’s head was down in the feed bunk. A meal included all visits an animal made to the feed bunk that were separated by less than 5 min. The mean RFI values for the low and high RFI heifers were (mean ± SE) - 1.03 and 1.00 ± 0.03 kg/d, respectively. Low RFI heifers consumed 21.9% less (P < 0.0001) DMI, but had similar BW and ADG compared to high RFI heifers. Heifers with low RFI spent more time (P < 0.0001) eating (152 vs 124 ± 4.26 min/d) at a lower eating rate (62.8 vs 99.6 ± 3.28 g/min), but had similar FE frequencies compared to high RFI heifers. Feeding event duration was negatively correlated with RFI while FE frequency and FE eating rate were positively correlated with RFI. However, meal duration and frequency were not correlated with RFI. Therefore, measuring FE characteristics could prove more useful than analyzing meals when trying to predict RFI. Additionally, eating rate appeared to be more closely related to RFI than any of the other feeding behavior traits measured.

Bingham, Glenda Marie

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Don't Look: Growing Clonal Versus Nonclonal Neural Stem Cell BRENDA L.K. COLES-TAKABE,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the presence of stem cells many researchers have taken advantage of the in vitro proliferation of neural stem Genetics, TD-CCBR, Room 1102, 160 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E1, Canada. Telephone: 416 adhesiveness, since the neural stem cells that grow in the neuro- sphere assay require only a light mechanical

Zandstra, Peter W.

383

Remote area wind energy harvesting for low-power autonomous sensors Abstract--A growing demand for deployment of autonomous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote area wind energy harvesting for low-power autonomous sensors Abstract--A growing demand wind energy harvesting is presented, with a focus on an anemometer-based solution. By utilizing for localized, independent energy harvesting capabilities for each node. In this paper, a method of remote area

384

A real options analysis of Olympic Village development : how design flexibility adds value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis applies past research on real options - a right, but not an obligation to take some action on a real asset in the future - to a very specific type of real estate development related to Olympic Village development. ...

Martinson, Robert J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Valuing innovative technology R&D as a real option : application to fuel cell vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis aims to elucidate real option thinking and real option valuation techniques for innovative technology investment. Treating the fuel cell R&D investment as a real option for General Motor's light passenger vehicle ...

Tsui, Maggie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

RTZen: Highly Predictable, Real-time Java Middleware for Distributed and Embedded Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real-Time Speci?cation for Java. Addison-Wesley (2000) 8.Vitek, J. : Real-time java scoped memory: Design patternsof the jRate Real-Time Java Implementation. In Meersman,

Raman, Krishna; Zhang, Yue; Panahi, Mark; Colmenares, Juan A; Klefstad, Raymond; Harmon, Trevor

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Is Real-Time Pricing Green?: The Environmental Impacts of Electricity Demand Variance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for responding to real-time prices. 3 Recently someof RTP. the higher real-time price, each would use lessretail price, p . For real-time prices below the ?at price,

Holland, Stephen P.; Mansur, Erin T.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Residential Customer Response to Real-time Pricing: The Anaheim Critical Peak Pricing Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to reduce the day-ahead or real-time price in the Californiaon day- ahead and real-time prices, particularly duringday-ahead and real-time wholesale prices. Declaring a CPP

Wolak, Frank A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Wealth Transfers Among Large Customers from Implementing Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

who are charged real-time prices. I discuss the politicalor loss relative to the real-time price that obtains in eachits expected demand at the real-time price. Throughout this

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Customer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill Volatility and Hedgability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

then pay/receive the real- time price for deviations fromI assume that the retail real-time prices customers face arewould likely dampen real-time price volatility and the

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Detection and quantitation of HPV in genital and oral tissues and fluids by real time PCR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oral tissues and fluids by real time PCR. Virology Journalsamples by a real-time PCR- based system. J Virol MethodsMolecular beacon-based real-time PCR method for detection of

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Review of processes for the release of DOE real and non-real property for reuse and recycle  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the underlying historical and regulatory framework supporting the concept of authorizing release for restricted or unrestricted reuse or recycle of real and non-real U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) properties containing residual radioactive material. Basic radiation protection principles as recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection are reviewed, and international initiatives to investigate radiological clearance criteria are reported. Applicable requirements of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Environmental Protection Agency, DOE, and the State of Washington are discussed. Several processes that have been developed for establishing cleanup and release criteria for real and non-real DOE property containing residual radioactive material are presented. Examples of DOE real property for which radiological cleanup criteria were established to support unrestricted release are provided. Properties discussed include Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Project sites, Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project sites, the Shippingport decommissioning project, the south-middle and south-east vaults in the 317 area at Argonne National Laboratory, the Heavy Water Components Test Reactor at DOE`s Savannah River Site, the Experimental Boiling Water Reactor at Argonne National Laboratory, and the Weldon Spring site. Some examples of non-real property for which DOE sites have established criteria to support unrestricted release are also furnished. 10 figs., 4 tabs.

Ranek, N.L.; Kamboj, S.; Hensley, J.; Chen, S.Y.; Blunt, D.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

DOE O 430.1B Chg 2, Real Property and Asset Management  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The directive establishes an integrated corporate-level, performance based approach to the life-cycle management of our real property assets. It links real ...

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

394

Design automation of real-life asynchronous devices and systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The number of gates on a chip is quickly growing toward and beyond the one billion mark. Keeping all the gates running at the beat of a single or a few rationally related clocks is becoming impossible. In static timing analysis process variations and ...

Alexander Taubin; Jordi Cortadella; Luciano Lavagno; Alex Kondratyev; Ad Peeters

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Speaker(s): Osman Sezgen Date: August 1, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare As some end-users of energy and aggregators are choosing to be exposed to real-time prices and energy price volatility, they are coming across new DSM opportunities that would not be feasible under typical utility rate structures. Effective evaluation of such opportunities requires a good understanding of the wholesale energy markets and the use of models based on recent financial techniques for option pricing. The speaker will give examples of such modeling approaches based on his experience in the retail-energy industry. Specific examples will include evaluation of distributed generation, load curtailment, dual-fuel cooling, and energy

396

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Protein phosphorylation regulates protein function in a cell, either activating or inactivating the proteins responsible for many cell functions ranging from cell proliferation to differentiation to metabolism to signaling, and even programmed cell death. This chemical process has been studied intensively, but until now it has been impossible to watch phosphorylation at the molecular level without damaging cells or interfering with the very processes being examined. Using ALS Infrared Beamline 1.4.3, a group of researchers led by Hoi-Ying Holman, director of the Berkeley Synchrotron Infrared Structural Biology program at the ALS, developed a new technique for monitoring protein phosphorylation inside living mammalian cells, enabling them to follow cellular chemical changes in real time, without bias.

397

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Protein phosphorylation regulates protein function in a cell, either activating or inactivating the proteins responsible for many cell functions ranging from cell proliferation to differentiation to metabolism to signaling, and even programmed cell death. This chemical process has been studied intensively, but until now it has been impossible to watch phosphorylation at the molecular level without damaging cells or interfering with the very processes being examined. Using ALS Infrared Beamline 1.4.3, a group of researchers led by Hoi-Ying Holman, director of the Berkeley Synchrotron Infrared Structural Biology program at the ALS, developed a new technique for monitoring protein phosphorylation inside living mammalian cells, enabling them to follow cellular chemical changes in real time, without bias.

398

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge RFITS has enabled DOE ORO to establish a complex-wide initiative, supporting on-site electronic shipping and transportation of waste while utilizing industry best practices to develop and maintain a cost effective and sustainable logistics and inventory management system. Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge More Documents & Publications Above on the left is K-25, at Oak Ridge before and after the 844,000 sq-ft demolition. In addition, on the right: K Cooling Tower at Savannah River Site demolition.

399

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Protein phosphorylation regulates protein function in a cell, either activating or inactivating the proteins responsible for many cell functions ranging from cell proliferation to differentiation to metabolism to signaling, and even programmed cell death. This chemical process has been studied intensively, but until now it has been impossible to watch phosphorylation at the molecular level without damaging cells or interfering with the very processes being examined. Using ALS Infrared Beamline 1.4.3, a group of researchers led by Hoi-Ying Holman, director of the Berkeley Synchrotron Infrared Structural Biology program at the ALS, developed a new technique for monitoring protein phosphorylation inside living mammalian cells, enabling them to follow cellular chemical changes in real time, without bias.

400

Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Agency/Company /Organization International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Country Russia Eastern Europe References International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation[1] Program Overview The MEER will include a comprehensive inventory of international energy efficiency projects, as well as in-depth analysis of the opportunities to increase market penetration of EE. MEER will explore the role of international institutions in addressing key

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Protein phosphorylation regulates protein function in a cell, either activating or inactivating the proteins responsible for many cell functions ranging from cell proliferation to differentiation to metabolism to signaling, and even programmed cell death. This chemical process has been studied intensively, but until now it has been impossible to watch phosphorylation at the molecular level without damaging cells or interfering with the very processes being examined. Using ALS Infrared Beamline 1.4.3, a group of researchers led by Hoi-Ying Holman, director of the Berkeley Synchrotron Infrared Structural Biology program at the ALS, developed a new technique for monitoring protein phosphorylation inside living mammalian cells, enabling them to follow cellular chemical changes in real time, without bias.

402

MEMORANDUM FROM: PAUL BOSCO AND CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENTISENIOR REAL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

15 2009 15 2009 MEMORANDUM FROM: PAUL BOSCO AND CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENTISENIOR REAL PROPERTY OFFICER SUBJECT: FY 2009 Federal Real Property Reporting Requirement The attached document provides implementing instructions for FY 2009 real property inventory reporting. Please distribute it to the appropriate elements of your organization. This effort is central to the Department's efforts toward removal from the GAO High Risk List. As in previous years, the Department will use the data in the Facility Information Management System (FIMS) to report to GSA. There is very little change in reporting requirements h m last year. The attached guidance contains detailed instructions for each of the requireddata elements. Please ensure that the requireddata is entered into FIMS by November 13,2009, so that the

403

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tracking Living Cells as They Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Thursday, 27 September 2012 00:00 Protein phosphorylation regulates protein function in a cell, either activating or inactivating the proteins responsible for many cell functions ranging from cell proliferation to differentiation to metabolism to signaling, and even programmed cell death. This chemical process has been studied intensively, but until now it has been impossible to watch phosphorylation at the molecular level without damaging cells or interfering with the very processes being examined. Using ALS Infrared Beamline 1.4.3, a group of researchers led by Hoi-Ying Holman, director of the Berkeley Synchrotron Infrared Structural Biology program at the ALS, developed a new technique for monitoring protein phosphorylation inside living mammalian cells, enabling them to follow cellular chemical changes in real time, without bias.

404

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Research Highlights - Real-time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real-time imaging of repair processes possible with Nickel-63 Real-time imaging of repair processes possible with Nickel-63 microirradiator Microscope Microscope stage-mounted microirradiation system. (A) Overall system shown mounted on a micromanipulator housed within a heated, humidified, environmental chamber of a microscope. (B) Close-up showing attachment of device to the micromanipulator. (C) Detail showing the bend in the enclosing capillary, which allows positioning of the active surface directly above the target cell. (D) Microirradiator tip in dissecting microscope. (E) Close-up view through microscope optics (scale bar, 10 microns.) Background: Scientists know that mammalian cells begin a nucleoplasmic repair process within seconds after being exposed to ionizing radiation. Real-time imaging of this process could further understanding of the

405

Mr. Anthony Reale Engineering Department Lutheran Medical Center  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Anthony Reale Anthony Reale Engineering Department Lutheran Medical Center 1550 55th Street Brooklyn, NY 11220 Dear Mr. Reale: The site of the Lutheran Medical Center was formerly used by the American Machine and Foundry Company (AMF) to provide various serviceslto the 111 Department of Energy's predecessor agency, the U.S. The services included the machining and shaping of two uranium and thorium. At the request of the Department with the consent of the Lutheran Medical Center, Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) visited the Center for the purpose of brief monitoring. The visit included radiological monitoring and soil 55th Street, where available records indicate that metals were machined. The monitoring did not radioactivity from the prior operations.

406

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge RFITS has enabled DOE ORO to establish a complex-wide initiative, supporting on-site electronic shipping and transportation of waste while utilizing industry best practices to develop and maintain a cost effective and sustainable logistics and inventory management system. Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge More Documents & Publications Above on the left is K-25, at Oak Ridge before and after the 844,000 sq-ft demolition. In addition, on the right: K Cooling Tower at Savannah River Site demolition.

407

Flash Memory Garbage Collection in Hard Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to advances in capacity, speed, and economics, NAND-based flash memory technology is increasingly integrated into all types of computing systems, ranging from enterprise servers to embedded devices. However, due to its unpredictable up-date behavior and time consuming garbage collection mechanism, NAND-based flash memory is difficult to integrate into hard-real-time embedded systems. In this thesis, I propose a performance model for flash memory garbage collection that can be used in conjunction with a number of different garbage collection strategies. I describe how to model the cost of reactive (lazy) garbage collection and compare it to that of more proactive schemes. I develop formulas to assess the schedulability of hard real- time periodic task sets under simplified memory consumption models. Results show that I prove the proactive schemes achieve the larger maximum schedulable utilization than the traditional garbage collection mechanism for hard real-time systems in flash memory.

Lai, Chien-An

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

A Simplification of a Real-Time Verification Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We revisit the problem of real-time verification with dense dynamics using timeout and calendar based models and simplify this to a finite state verification problem. To overcome the complexity of verification of real-time systems with dense dynamics, Dutertre and Sorea, proposed timeout and calender based transition systems to model the behavior of real-time systems and verified safety properties using k-induction in association with bounded model checking. In this work, we introduce a specification formalism for these models in terms of Timeout Transition Diagrams and capture their behavior in terms of semantics of Timed Transition Systems. Further, we discuss a technique, which reduces the problem of verification of qualitative temporal properties on infinite state space of (a large fragment of) these timeout and calender based transition systems into that on clockless finite state models through a two-step process comprising of digitization and canonical finitary reduction. This technique enables us to ve...

Saha, Indranil; Roy, Suman; 10.1007/978-3-540-75596-8_21

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Precomputed local radiance transfer for real-time lighting design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new method for real-time relighting of scenes illuminated by local light sources. We extend previous work on precomputed radiance transfer for distant lighting to local lighting by introducing the concept of unstructured light clouds. The unstructured light cloud enables a compact representation of local lights in the model and real-time rendering of complex models with full global illumination due to local light sources. We use simplification of lights, and clustered PCA to obtain a compressed representation. When storing only the indirect component of the illumination, we are able to get high quality with only 8– 16 lighting coefficients per vertex. Our results demonstrate real-time rendering of scenes with moving lights, dynamic cameras, glossy materials and global illumination.

Anders Wang Kristensen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Java Automation Controller and Real-Time Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Java Automation Controller and Real-Time Systems Java Automation Controller and Real-Time Systems Speaker(s): Greg Bollella Date: June 29, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Java has always been a disruptive technology and now it is breaking the mold in industrial, process, building, and transportation automation systems. For many years, programmable logic controllers (PLCs), the digital versions of old relay-based control systems (such as that used in the NYC Subway system in the late 1800s) have primarily controlled these systems. PLCs are the workhorses of the controls industry but the market is characterized by proprietary, closed, expensive, special-purpose solutions. A Java-based automation controller breaks the mold by allowing control algorithms, which require strict real-time capabilities, to run on

411

Mexico-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Mexico-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Agency/Company /Organization International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Country Mexico Central America References International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation[1] Program Overview The MEER will include a comprehensive inventory of international energy efficiency projects, as well as in-depth analysis of the opportunities to increase market penetration of EE. MEER will explore the role of international institutions in addressing key

412

Puget Sound Operational Forecast System - A Real-time Predictive Tool for Marine Resource Management and Emergency Responses  

SciTech Connect

To support marine ecological resource management and emergency response and to enhance scientific understanding of physical and biogeochemical processes in Puget Sound, a real-time Puget Sound Operational Forecast System (PS-OFS) was developed by the Coastal Ocean Dynamics & Ecosystem Modeling group (CODEM) of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PS-OFS employs the state-of-the-art three-dimensional coastal ocean model and closely follows the standards and procedures established by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Ocean Service (NOS). PS-OFS consists of four key components supporting the Puget Sound Circulation and Transport Model (PS-CTM): data acquisition, model execution and product archive, model skill assessment, and model results dissemination. This paper provides an overview of PS-OFS and its ability to provide vital real-time oceanographic information to the Puget Sound community. PS-OFS supports pacific northwest region’s growing need for a predictive tool to assist water quality management, fish stock recovery efforts, maritime emergency response, nearshore land-use planning, and the challenge of climate change and sea level rise impacts. The structure of PS-OFS and examples of the system inputs and outputs, forecast results are presented in details.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang; Chase, Jared M.; Wang, Taiping

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Toward Real Time Data Analysis for Smart Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the architecture and design of a novel system for supporting large-scale real-time data analysis for future power grid systems. The widespread deployment of renewable generation, smart grid controls, energy storage, plug-in hybrids, and new conducting materials will require fundamental changes in the operational concepts and principal components of the grid. As a result, the whole system becomes highly dynamic and requires constant adjusting based on real time data. Even though millions of sensors such as phase measurement units (PMU) and smart meters are being widely deployed, a data layer that can analyze this amount of data in real time is needed. Unlike the data fabric in other cloud services, the data layer for smart grids has some unique design requirements. First, this layer must provide real time guarantees. Second, this layer must be scalable to allow a large number of applications to access the data from millions of sensors in real time. Third, reliability is critical and this layer must be able to continue to provide service in face of failures. Fourth, this layer must be secure. We address these challenges though a scalable system architecture that integrates the I/O and data processing capability in a devise set of devices. Data process operations can be placed anywhere from sensors, data storage devices, to control centers. We further employ compression to improve performance. We design a lightweight compression customized for power grid data. Our system can reduce end-to-end response time by reduce I/O overhead through compression and overlap compression operations with I/O. The initial prototype of our system was demonstrated with several use cases from PNNL’s FPGI and show that our system can provide real time guarantees to a diverse set of applications.

Yin, Jian; Gorton, Ian; Sharma, Poorva

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

414

Many Small Consumers, One Growing Problem: Achieving Energy Savings for Electronic Equipment Operating in Low Power Modes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Consumers, One Growing Problem: Achieving Energy Savings Small Consumers, One Growing Problem: Achieving Energy Savings for Electronic Equipment Operating in Low Power Modes Christopher Payne, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Alan Meier, International Energy Agency ABSTRACT An increasing amount of electricity is used by equipment that is neither fully "on" nor fully "off." We call these equipment states low power modes, or "lopomos." "Standby" and "sleep" are the most familiar lopomos, but some new products already have many modes. Lopomos are becoming common in household appliances, safety equipment, and miscellaneous products. Ross and Meier (2000) reports that several international studies have found standby power to be as much as 10% of residential energy consumption. Lopomo energy consumption is

415

Using RPS Policies to Grow the Solar Market in the United States  

SciTech Connect

The market for photovoltaics in the United States remains small relative to the nation's solar resource potential. Nonetheless, annual grid-connected PV installations have grown from just 4 MW in 2000 to over 100 MW in 2006, fast enough to the catch the attention of the global solar industry. The state of California deserves much of the credit for this growth. The State's historical rebate programs resulted in roughly 75% of the nation's grid-connected PV additions from 2000 through 2006 being located in California, and the $3 billion California Solar Initiative will ensure that the State remains a mainstay of the US solar industry for years to come. But California is not the only market for solar in the US; other states have recently developed policies that may rival those of the western state in terms of future growth potential. In particular, 25 states, as well as Washington, D.C., have established renewables portfolio standards (RPS), sometimes called quota systems in Europe, requiring electricity suppliers in those states to source a minimum portion of their need from renewable electricity. (Because a national RPS is not yet in place, my focus here is on state policies). Under many of these state policies, solar is not expected to fare particularly well: PV installations simply cannot compete on cost or scale with large wind plants in the US, at least not yet. In response, an expanding list of states have established solar or distributed generation (DG) set-asides within their RPS policies, effectively requiring that some fraction of RPS-driven supply derive from solar energy. The popularity of set-asides for solar and/or DG has increased dramatically in recent years. Already, 11 states and D.C. have developed such RPS set-asides. These include states with outstanding solar resources, such as Nevada, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico, as well as areas where the solar resource is less robust, including North Carolina, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, New Hampshire, Delaware, and DC. Among those states with set-asides, two are restricted to PV applications, nine also allow solar-thermal electric to qualify, three allow solar heating and/or cooling to qualify, and three have broader renewable DG set-asides. The policies also differ in their targets and timeframes, whether projects must be located in-state, the application of cost caps, and the degree of oversight on how suppliers contract with solar projects. Only three of these states have more than two years of experience with solar or DG set-asides so far: Arizona, Nevada, and New Jersey. And yet, despite the embryonic stage of these policies, they have already begun to have a significant impact on the grid-connected PV market. From 2000-2006, 16% (or 48 MW) of grid-connected PV installations in the US occurred in states with such set-asides, a percentage that increases to 67% if one only considers PV additions outside of California. The importance of these programs is growing and will continue to expand. In fact, if one assumes (admittedly somewhat optimistically) that these policies will be fully achieved, then existing state solar or DG set-asides could result in 400 MW of solar capacity by 2010, 2,000 MW by 2015, and 6,500 MW by 2025. This equates to annual additions of roughly 100 MW through 2010, increasing to over 500 MW per year by 2015 and 700 MW per year by 2020. PV is not assured of all of this capacity, and will receive strong competition from solar-thermal electric facilities in the desert southwest. Nonetheless, set-asides in those states outside of the southwest will favor PV, and even some of the southwestern states have designed their RPS programs to ensure that PV fares well, relative to other forms of solar energy. Since 2000, Arizona and, more recently, New Jersey have represented the largest solar set-aside-driven PV markets. Even more-recent additions are coming from Colorado, Nevada, New York, and Pennsylvania. In the long-term, the largest markets for solar electricity are predicted to include New Jersey, Maryland,

Wiser, Ryan H; Wiser, Ryan H.

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

416

Using RPS Policies to Grow the Solar Market in the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The market for photovoltaics in the United States remains small relative to the nation's solar resource potential. Nonetheless, annual grid-connected PV installations have grown from just 4 MW in 2000 to over 100 MW in 2006, fast enough to the catch the attention of the global solar industry. The state of California deserves much of the credit for this growth. The State's historical rebate programs resulted in roughly 75% of the nation's grid-connected PV additions from 2000 through 2006 being located in California, and the $3 billion California Solar Initiative will ensure that the State remains a mainstay of the US solar industry for years to come. But California is not the only market for solar in the US; other states have recently developed policies that may rival those of the western state in terms of future growth potential. In particular, 25 states, as well as Washington, D.C., have established renewables portfolio standards (RPS), sometimes called quota systems in Europe, requiring electricity suppliers in those states to source a minimum portion of their need from renewable electricity. (Because a national RPS is not yet in place, my focus here is on state policies). Under many of these state policies, solar is not expected to fare particularly well: PV installations simply cannot compete on cost or scale with large wind plants in the US, at least not yet. In response, an expanding list of states have established solar or distributed generation (DG) set-asides within their RPS policies, effectively requiring that some fraction of RPS-driven supply derive from solar energy. The popularity of set-asides for solar and/or DG has increased dramatically in recent years. Already, 11 states and D.C. have developed such RPS set-asides. These include states with outstanding solar resources, such as Nevada, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico, as well as areas where the solar resource is less robust, including North Carolina, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, New Hampshire, Delaware, and DC. Among those states with set-asides, two are restricted to PV applications, nine also allow solar-thermal electric to qualify, three allow solar heating and/or cooling to qualify, and three have broader renewable DG set-asides. The policies also differ in their targets and timeframes, whether projects must be located in-state, the application of cost caps, and the degree of oversight on how suppliers contract with solar projects. Only three of these states have more than two years of experience with solar or DG set-asides so far: Arizona, Nevada, and New Jersey. And yet, despite the embryonic stage of these policies, they have already begun to have a significant impact on the grid-connected PV market. From 2000-2006, 16% (or 48 MW) of grid-connected PV installations in the US occurred in states with such set-asides, a percentage that increases to 67% if one only considers PV additions outside of California. The importance of these programs is growing and will continue to expand. In fact, if one assumes (admittedly somewhat optimistically) that these policies will be fully achieved, then existing state solar or DG set-asides could result in 400 MW of solar capacity by 2010, 2,000 MW by 2015, and 6,500 MW by 2025. This equates to annual additions of roughly 100 MW through 2010, increasing to over 500 MW per year by 2015 and 700 MW per year by 2020. PV is not assured of all of this capacity, and will receive strong competition from solar-thermal electric facilities in the desert southwest. Nonetheless, set-asides in those states outside of the southwest will favor PV, and even some of the southwestern states have designed their RPS programs to ensure that PV fares well, relative to other forms of solar energy. Since 2000, Arizona and, more recently, New Jersey have represented the largest solar set-aside-driven PV markets. Even more-recent additions are coming from Colorado, Nevada, New York, and Pennsylvania. In the long-term, the largest markets for solar electricity are predicted to include New Jersey, Maryland, Arizona, and P

Wiser, Ryan H; Wiser, Ryan H.

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

417

Corporate real estate resources | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Corporate real estate resources Corporate real estate resources Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

418

Real Time Flame Monitoring of Gasifier Burner and Injectors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real Time Flame Monitoring of Gasifier Real Time Flame Monitoring of Gasifier Burner and Injectors Background The Gasification Technologies Program at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) supports research and development (R&D) in the area of gasification-a process whereby carbon-based materials (feedstocks) such as coal are converted into synthesis gas (syngas), which is separated into hydrogen (H 2 ) and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) gas streams in a combustion turbine-generator as a way to generate clean electricity while

419

Commercial real estate resources | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial real estate resources Commercial real estate resources Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

420

Integration of Real-Time Data Into Building Automation Systems  

SciTech Connect

The project goal was to investigate the possibility of using predictive real-time information from the Internet as an input to building management system algorithms. The objectives were to identify the types of information most valuable to commercial and residential building owners, managers, and system designers. To comprehensively investigate and document currently available electronic real-time information suitable for use in building management systems. Verify the reliability of the information and recommend accreditation methods for data and providers. Assess methodologies to automatically retrieve and utilize the information. Characterize equipment required to implement automated integration. Demonstrate the feasibility and benefits of using the information in building management systems. Identify evolutionary control strategies.

Mark J. Stunder; Perry Sebastian; Brenda A. Chube; Michael D. Koontz

2003-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Handheld portable real-time tracking and communications device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Portable handheld real-time tracking and communications devices include; a controller module, communications module including global positioning and mesh network radio module, data transfer and storage module, and a user interface module enclosed in a water-resistant enclosure. Real-time tracking and communications devices can be used by protective force, security and first responder personnel to provide situational awareness allowing for enhance coordination and effectiveness in rapid response situations. Such devices communicate to other authorized devices via mobile ad-hoc wireless networks, and do not require fixed infrastructure for their operation.

Wiseman, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Riblett, Jr., Loren E. (Edgewood, NM); Green, Karl L. (Albuquerque, NM); Hunter, John A. (Albuquerque, NM); Cook, III, Robert N. (Rio Rancho, NM); Stevens, James R. (Arlington, VA)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

422

Research and development of stock management strategies to optimise growth potential in on-growing of Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, and Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Aquaculture is an essential developing sector for world food production, however the attainment of sexual maturity during commercial on-growing is a major bottleneck to industry… (more)

Cowan, Mairi E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

with Small Businesses and Entrepreneurs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to grow organic food year- round using renewable energy. ... have about 15 percent growth per year, offer ... GDP refers to private, non-farm gross ...

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

424

Uncertainty and Industry Structure Effects on Managerial Intuition About Information Technology Real Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real options analysis is an important but costly tool for valuing many information technology (IT) investments. As a low-cost substitute for real options-based methods, firms often depend on managerial intuition, which sometimes approximates real options-based ... Keywords: Behavioral Finance, It Investments, Real Options Theory

Nancy Lankton; Joan Luft

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Multivariate Analysis of Real Option Value Based on Grey Relational Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real option value is determined by a variety of uncertain factors. It is very important to assess the intensity and importance of these factors affecting the real option value for investment decision makers. In this paper, the real option value system ... Keywords: real option value, multivariate analysis, grey relational model, optimization

Zheng-Xin Wang; Ling-ling Pei

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

HARTEX: a safe real-time kernel for distributed computer control systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hard real-time kernel is presented for distributed computer control systems (DCCS), highlighting a number of novel features, such as integrated scheduling of hard and soft real-time tasks as well as tasks and resources; high-performance time management ... Keywords: distributed computer control systems, object modelling techniques, real-time communication, real-time operating systems, scheduling algorithms

C. K. Angelov; I. E. Ivanov; A. Burns

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Energy-aware real-time communication in wireless ad-hoc micro sensors network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Perfect functioning not only at hardware level but also at software level design is indispensable to quench the thirst of an ideal real time communication. From software perspective, in the timeless sensitive communication context, Real-Time Operating ... Keywords: energy awareness, real-time communication, real-time operating system, sensor network

Sohail Jabbar; Abid Ali Minhas

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic Justin Pearson Department Processes (CSP) [Hoa85] and a version of Propositional Temporal Logic (PTL), derived from [Eme90]. CSP. The behaviour of a CSP process is dependent on its environment; it is therefore difficult to assert global

Kent, University of

429

Concurrent and Real Time Systems: the CSP approach Steve Schneider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concurrent and Real Time Systems: the CSP approach by Steve Schneider First published 1999 Systems the CSP approach Steve Schneider A Wiley-Interscience Publication JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC. New York Whitehead This book provides an introduction to Communicating Sequential Processes (CSP) and its use

Doran, Simon J.

430

Active learning for real-time motion controllers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an approach to building real-time highly-controllable characters. A kinematic character controller is built on-the-fly during a capture session, and updated after each new motion clip is acquired. Active learning is used to identify ... Keywords: active learning, human motion, motion capture

Seth Cooper; Aaron Hertzmann; Zoran Popovi?

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

ADWICE – anomaly detection with real-time incremental clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomaly detection, detection of deviations from what is considered normal, is an important complement to misuse detection based on attack signatures. Anomaly detection in real-time places hard requirements on the algorithms used, making many proposed ... Keywords: adaptability, anomaly detection, clustering, intrusion detection, realtime

Kalle Burbeck; Simin Nadjm-Tehrani

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Real-Time Optimization Strategies for Building Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our analysis indicates that it is possible to obtain energy savings of more than ... This information can be used to compute economic-optimal set-point ... This ability is key in reducing the exposure of buildings to real-time market volatility and.

433

Real-time pricing program in a smart grid environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improving system efficiency and reliability is motivating countries to design and execute different types of time of use demand response programs. However, certain deficiencies prevent these programs from reaching their goals. Smart meters as a mechanism ... Keywords: real-time pricing, smart grid, time of use programs

Hassan Monsef, Bin Wu

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Does your distillation simulation reflect the real world?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The question ``Do you have a simulation?`` is asked during almost every troubleshooting investigation. A question equally important: ``Does your simulation reflect the real world?`` is raised far less frequently. To correctly answer the latter question, it is imperative that the simulation reflects the real world (i.e., plant data). Any mismatch provides a warning of a potential simulation deficiency. A previous paper described a case where a seemingly minor mismatch led to the discovery of a major simulation deficiency. Undiscovered, the deficiency would have led to a failed tower debottleneck. This paper expands on this previous theme, but focuses on column troubleshooting. A simulation that did not reflect the real world steered a troubleshooting investigation toward an incorrect diagnosis and into inadequate solutions. Once revised to reflect the real world, the same simulation proved invaluable for identifying the correct root cause and guiding the investigation toward the proper solution. An initial simulation of an aromatics fractionator revealed no cause for an operational instability apparent in the tower. Field testing of the tower, establishing correct energy balances, overcoming an analytical limitation, and finally, identifying a simulation trap, yielded information that led to revision of the initial simulation. The revised simulation readily identified the cause of the tower instability.

Kister, H.Z. [Brown and Root, Alhambra, CA (United States); Neves, S.B.; Siles, R.C.; Costa Lima, R. da [Copene Petroquimica do Nordeste S.A., Camacari, Bahia (Brazil)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Real-Time Forecasting of Snowfall Using a Neural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of 53 snowfall reports was collected in real time from the 2004/05 and 2005/06 cold seasons (November–March). Three snowfall-amount forecast methods were tested: neural network, surface-temperature-based 676-USDT table, and climatological ...

Paul J. Roebber; Melissa R. Butt; Sarah J. Reinke; Thomas J. Grafenauer

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Dynamic control in real-time heuristic search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time heuristic search is a challenging type of agent-centered search because the agent's planning time per action is bounded by a constant independent of problem size. A common problem that imposes such restrictions is pathfinding in modern computer ...

Vadim Bulitko; Mitja Luštrek; Jonathan Schaeffer; Yngvi Björnsson; Sverrir Sigmundarson

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

The extensions of gravitational soliton solutions with real poles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyse vacuum gravitational "soliton" solutions with real poles in the cosmological context. It is well known that these solutions contain singularities on certain null hypersurfaces. Using a Kasner seed solution, we demonstrate that these may contain thin sheets of null matter or may be simple coordinate singularities, and we describe a number of possible extensions through them.

J. B. Griffiths; S. Micciche

1998-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

438

Hybrid or electric vehicles? A real options perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the decision of an automaker concerning the alternative promotion of a hybrid vehicle (HV) and a full electric vehicle (EV). We evaluate the HV project by considering the option to change promotion from the HV to the EV in the ... Keywords: Alternative projects, American options on multiple assets, Exercise region, Hybrid and electric vehicles, Real options

Michi Nishihara

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Configurable model for real-time crane erection visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detailed simulation and visualization of crane activities have been recently introduced to help engineers identify potential problems with critical erection tasks; however, the development of real-time erection visualizations for different types of cranes ... Keywords: Cooperative, Crane, Erection, Multibody, Physics Engine, Simulation, Visualization

Wei-Han Hung, Shih-Chung Kang

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Real-time locomotion control by sensing gloves: Research Articles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensing gloves are often used as an input device for virtual 3D games. We propose a new method to control characters such as humans or animals in real-time by using sensing gloves. Based on existing motion data of the body, a new method to map the hand ... Keywords: 3D game, 3D user interface, Computer puppetry, Sensing glove

Taku Komura; Wai-Chun Lam

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Real-Time Face Detection in Color Video  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a novel and fast facedetection algorithm for detecting face in color videosequences. This algorithm can be integrated into a real-timesurveillance or a video retrieval or indexing system.We focus on both speed and accuracy in ...

Szu-Hao Huang; Shang-Hong Lai

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Optimal Real-time Dispatch for Integrated Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and HVAC operations. A real-time optimization program suchHVAC IES ISO-NE LBNL MILP NOx NP NRC NREL OLS P&DC PJM PUCT PURPA PV RETScreen RReDC Hybrid OptimizationHVAC equipment and other building energy equipment. This research is similar to the IES dispatch optimization

Firestone, Ryan Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

CGLive - A Real Time Power Monitoring Solution for Enterprises  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CGLive is a real time energy monitoring software tool that could be used to monitor and reduce energy consumption of PC's in a enterprise network environment. Working of CGLive has been tested in a lab environment and was found to be successful. Dashboard ... Keywords: Green IT, Intelligent Green IT Management, Energy audit, M2M technology, Sensor Networks, Performance Optimization, Remote monitoring

Subrahmanya VRK Rao; S. Ramesh; V. Arun Muthuraj; Karthik Sundararaman; Jinka Parthasarathi

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Playable character: extending digital games into the real world  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a series of research probe games developed to investigate how real-world activity could be incorporated into digital game systems. These culminated in the design of our final game, Forest, which was conceived for the San Francisco ... Keywords: design, forest, games, location-based, social games

Jason Linder; Wendy Ju

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Evaluating transport coefficients in real time thermal field theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transport coefficients in a hadronic gas have been calculated earlier in the imaginary time formulation of thermal field theory. The steps involved are to relate the defining retarded correlation function to the corresponding time-ordered one and to evaluate the latter in the conventional perturbation expansion. Here we carry out both the steps in the real time formulation.

S. Mallik; Sourav Sarkar

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

446

A real-time virtual machine implementation for small microcontrollers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A way to host a full general purpose virtual machine (VM) interpreter on a very small microcontroller platform is described. This machine provides a comprehensive set of general and enhanced functionality efficiently by abstracting the VM instruction ... Keywords: Microcontrollers, Real-time systems, Virtual machine

W. Roger Davis; Phillip A. Laplante; Bo I. Sandén

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Technical Note Real-time functional brain mapping using electrocorticography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al., 1994; Keles et al., 2004). In contrast, methods that read endogenous signals, such as somato) 504­507 #12;the 80­200 Hz band (Grenier et al., 2001). This real-time mapping technique should. J. Neurophysiol. 94, 4269­4280. Grenier, F., Timofeev, I., Steriade, M., 2001. Focal synchronization

Rao, Rajesh

448

Real-time tessellation of terrain on graphics hardware  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthetic terrain is a key element in many applications, which can lessen the sense of realism if it is not handled correctly. We propose a new technique for visualizing terrain surfaces by tessellating them on the GPU. The presented algorithm introduces ... Keywords: GPU, Level of detail, Real-time rendering, Terrain simulation, Tessellation

Oscar Ripolles; Francisco Ramos; Anna Puig-Centelles; Miguel Chover

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Framework for realistic surface representation of real objects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a simple framework to represent images of real objects and show developed results. In the framework, we acquire characteristics of the objects' surface from their original images and reproduce new photo-realistic images of the objects by using ... Keywords: BRDF, device characterization, light reflection, photorealistic image, radiometric calibration, spectral power distribution, synthesis image, texture mapping

Haedong Kim; Sungye Kim; Jinseo Kim; Byeongtae Choi

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Real-time concepts for block-based watermarking schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a concept to transfer a non real-time watermarking system into a watermarking system, which meets the requirements of a media-on-demand system. Several applications scenarios requiring the embedding of watermarks with maximum ...

Michael Arnold; Oliver Lobisch

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Scalable real time data management for smart grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents GridMW, a scalable and reliable data middleware layer for smart grids. Smart grids promise to improve the efficiency of power grid systems and reduce green house emissions through incorporating power generation from renewable sources ... Keywords: data management middleware, efficiency, near real time, performance, smart grids

Jian Yin; Anand Kulkarni; Sumit Purohit; Ian Gorton; Bora Akyol

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Real-time personalized sports video filtering and summarization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate a real-time fully automated software system for filtering important events in sports video. Events represent occurrences of actions or state changes in video content. In the current prototype, we demonstrate detection of pitching in baseball ... Keywords: MPEG-7, event detection, indexing, summarization, video filtering

Di Zhong; Raj Kumar; Shih-Fu Chang

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Real-time SPECT and 2D ultrasound image registration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a technique for fully automatic, real-time 3D SPECT (Single Photon Emitting Computed Tomography) and 2D ultrasound image registration. We use this technique in the context of kidney lesion diagnosis. Our registration algorithm ...

Marek Bucki; Fabrice Chassat; Francisco Galdames; Takeshi Asahi; Daniel Pizarro; Gabriel Lobo

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Statistical Characteristics of a Real-Time Precipitation Forecasting Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At Colorado State University the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) has been used to produce real-time forecasts of precipitation for the Colorado mountain region since 1991. Originally a so-called dump-bucket scheme was used to generate ...

Brian Gaudet; William R. Cotton

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

A Real-Time Global Sea Surface Temperature Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A global monthly sea surface temperature analysis is described which uses real-lime in situ (ship and buoy) and satellite data. The method combines the advantages of both types of data: the ground truth of in situ data and the improved coverage ...

Richard W. Reynolds

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

A real-time, multimodal, and dimensional affect recognition system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on the development of a real-time automatic affect recognition system. It adapts a multimodal approach, where affect information taken from two modalities are combined to arrive at an emotion label that is represented in a valence-arousal ... Keywords: dimensional labels, emotion models, multimodal, regression

Nicole Nielsen Lee; Jocelynn Cu; Merlin Teodosia Suarez

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Ideal, real and virtual textile structure modelling and visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Usually the software for textile visualization uses ideal model based on simplified structure assumptions that may not be in a good agreement with reality. Real model reconstructs a small volume of structure from 2D parallel cuts. Proposed virtual model ... Keywords: FFT, OpenGL, VRML, image processing, virtual reality

Miloslav Kosek; Tomas Mikolanda; Bohumila Koskova

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Cell decomposition of almost smooth real algebraic surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Let Z be a two dimensional irreducible complex component of the solution set of a system of polynomial equations with real coefficients in N complex variables. This work presents a new numerical algorithm, based on homotopy continuation ... Keywords: Algebraic curve, Algebraic surface, Cell decomposition, Homotopy, Numerical algebraic geometry, Polynomial system

Gian Mario Besana; Sandra Rocco; Jonathan D. Hauenstein; Andrew J. Sommese; Charles W. Wampler

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

TOWARDS REAL-TIME GENERATION SCHEDULING IN MICROGRIDS WITH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TOWARDS REAL-TIME GENERATION SCHEDULING IN MICROGRIDS WITH PERFORMANCE GUARANTEE LIAN LU, JINLONG TU, CHI-KIN CHAU, MINGHUA CHEN, ZHAO XU AND XIAOJUN LIN INTRODUCTION Microgrid is an emerging- generation improves generation efficiency by 2-3x. A key problem in microgrid operations is how to schedule

Zhang, Junshan

460

Slicing concurrent real-time system specifications for verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high-level specification language CSP-OZ-DC has been shown to be well-suited for modelling and analysing industrially relevant concurrent real-time systems. It allows us to model each of the most important functional aspects such as control flow, ...

Ingo Brückner

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "real gdp grows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

REAL-TIME TRACER MONITORING OF RESERVOIR STIMULATION PROCEDURES  

SciTech Connect

Ongoing Phase 2 work comprises the development and field-testing of a real-time reservoir stimulation diagnostic system. Phase 3 work commenced in June 2001, and involved conducting research, development and field-testing of real-time enhanced dual-fluid stimulation processes. Experimental field-testing to date includes three well tests. Application of these real-time stimulation processes and diagnostic technologies has been technically successful with commercial production from the ''marginal'' reservoirs in the first two well tests. The third well test proved downhole-mixing is an efficient process for acid stimulation of a carbonate reservoir that produced oil and gas with 2200 psi bottomhole reservoir pressure, however, subsequent shut-in pressure testing indicated the reservoir was characterized by low-permeability. Realtimezone continues to seek patent protection in foreign markets to the benefit of both RTZ and NETL. Realtimezone and the NETL have licensed the United States patented to Halliburton Energy Services (HES). Ongoing Phase 2 and Phase 3 field-testing continues to confirm applications of both real-time technologies, from well testing conducted over the last 12-month work period and including well test scheduled for year-end of 2002. Technical data transfer to industry is ongoing via Internet tech-transfer, public presentations and industry publications. Final Phase 3 test work will be focused on further field-testing the innovational process of blending stimulation fluids downhole. This system provides a number of advantages in comparison to older industry fracturing techniques and allows the operator to control reservoir fracture propagation and concentrations of proppant placed in the reservoir, in real-time. Another observed advantage is that lower friction pressures result, which results in lower pump treating pressures and safer reservoir hydraulic fracturing jobs.

George Scott III

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Real-Time Traffic Information for Emergency Evacuations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are many instances in which it is possible to plan ahead for an emergency evacuation (e.g., a chemical processing facility explosion). For those cases, if an accident were to happen, then the best evacuation plan for the prevailing network and weather conditions would be deployed. In other cases (e.g., the derailment of a train transporting hazardous materials), there may not be any previously developed plan to be implemented, and decisions must be made ad-hoc on how to proceed with an emergency evacuation. In both situations, the availability of real-time traffic information plays a critical role in the management of the evacuation operations. Due to cost constraints, only large urban areas have traffic sensor deployments that permit access to some sort of real-time traffic information; an evacuation taking place in other areas of the country would have to proceed without real-time traffic information. In order to improve operations during a vehicular emergency evacuation anywhere, a system of sensors that uses newly developed real-time traffic-information-gathering technologies to assess traffic conditions and to detect incidents on the main evacuation routes is presented in this paper. A series of tests, both in a controlled environment and in the field, were conducted to study the feasibility of such a system of traffic sensors and to assess its ability to provide real-time traffic information during an emergency evacuation. The results of these tests indicated that the prototype sensors are reliable and accurate for the type of application that is the focus of this paper.

Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Zhang, Li [Mississippi State University (MSU); Mahmoud, Anas M. [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Real-time garbage collection for flash-memory storage systems of real-time embedded systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flash-memory technology is becoming critical in building embedded systems applications because of its shock-resistant, power economic, and nonvolatile nature. With the recent technology breakthroughs in both capacity and reliability, flash-memory storage ... Keywords: Embedded systems, flash memory, garbage collection, real-time system, storage systems

Li-Pin Chang; Tei-Wei Kuo; Shi-Wu Lo

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Virtual Reality in Brazil 2011: RPR-SORS: Real-time photorealistic rendering of synthetic objects into real scenes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a review of the Photorealistic Augmented Reality field and proposes a solution for interactively rendering virtual objects into dynamic real scenes in a photorealistic way. This solution features a rendering pipeline that comprises ... Keywords: Augmented reality, Authoring toolkit, Computer graphics, Photorealism, Pipeline

Saulo A. Pessoa; Guilherme de S. Moura; Joao Paulo S. do M. Lima; Veronica Teichrieb; Judith Kelner

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Order Module--DOE O 430.1B, REAL PROPERTY ASSET MANAGEMENT | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

30.1B, REAL PROPERTY ASSET MANAGEMENT 30.1B, REAL PROPERTY ASSET MANAGEMENT Order Module--DOE O 430.1B, REAL PROPERTY ASSET MANAGEMENT "The objective of DOE O 430.1B, Real Property Asset Management, is to establish a corporate, holistic, and performance-based approach to real property life-cycle asset management that links real property asset planning, programming, budgeting, and evaluation to program mission projections and performance outcomes. To accomplish the objective, this Order identifies requirements and establishes reporting mechanisms and responsibilities for real property asset management. This Order implements DOE P 580.1, Management Policy for Planning, Programming, Budgeting, Operation, Maintenance and Disposal of Real Property, dated 5/20/02. DOE Order Self Study Modules - DOE O 430.1B Real Property Asset Management

466

V-049: RealPlayer Buffer Overflow and Invalid Pointer Flaw Let Remote Users  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: RealPlayer Buffer Overflow and Invalid Pointer Flaw Let 9: RealPlayer Buffer Overflow and Invalid Pointer Flaw Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-049: RealPlayer Buffer Overflow and Invalid Pointer Flaw Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code December 18, 2012 - 1:30am Addthis PROBLEM: RealPlayer Buffer Overflow and Invalid Pointer Flaw Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code PLATFORM: Windows RealPlayer 15.0.6.14 and prior. ABSTRACT: Two vulnerabilities were reported in RealPlayer. REFERENCE LINKS: RealPlayer Security Vulnerabilities Secunia Advisory SA51589 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027893 CVE-2012-5690 CVE-2012-5691 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: Two vulnerabilities have been reported in RealPlayer, which can be exploited by malicious people to compromise a user's system. A remote user can create a specially crafted RealAudio file that, when

467

Real Time Monitoring of Self Assembled Monolayers Using ATR: Implications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real Time Monitoring of Self Assembled Monolayers Using ATR: Implications Real Time Monitoring of Self Assembled Monolayers Using ATR: Implications to Atmospheric Organic Surfaces Speaker(s): Yael Dubowski Date: December 10, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Hugo Destaillats Most studies of heterogeneous reactions on aerosols have focused on their implications for gas phase species. Less attention, however, has been given to the modification of aerosol surfaces during such reactions. Alteration of aerosol surface species may affect their hygroscopic and radiative properties as well as their reactivity toward other atmospheric trace species. In the present study, we use self-assembled organic monolayers (SAM) as proxies for atmospheric organic aerosols. Detection of even very short carbon chains (i.e., C3) as well as continuous monitoring of the SAMs

468

REAL-TIME BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION USING ENERGYPLUS AND THE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

REAL-TIME BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION USING ENERGYPLUS AND THE REAL-TIME BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION USING ENERGYPLUS AND THE BUILDING CONTROLS VIRTUAL TEST BED Xiufeng Pang 1 , Prajesh Bhattacharya 1 , Zheng O'Neill 2 , Philip Haves 1 , Michael Wetter 1 , and Trevor Bailey 2 1 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA 2 United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT, USA ABSTRACT Most commercial buildings do not perform as well in practice as intended by the design and their performances often deteriorate over time. Reasons include faulty construction, malfunctioning equipment, incorrectly configured control systems and inappropriate operating procedures (Haves et al., 2001, Lee et al., 2007). To address this problem, the paper presents a simulation-based whole building performance monitoring tool that allows a

469

MHK Projects/Leancon Real Sea Test | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Leancon Real Sea Test Leancon Real Sea Test < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.2481,"lon":7.91208,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

470

REAL ESTATE & EQUIPMENT LEASING / RENTAL CALIFORNIA LAWRENCE BERKELEY LAB  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REAL ESTATE & EQUIPMENT LEASING / RENTAL REAL ESTATE & EQUIPMENT LEASING / RENTAL CALIFORNIA LAWRENCE BERKELEY LAB POC David Chen Telephone (510) 486-4506 Email dtchen@lbl.gov Construction, Mining, and Forestry Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing 532412 Office Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing 532420 LAWRENCE LIVERMORE LAB POC Jill Swanson Telephone (925) 423-4535 Email swanson6@llnl.gov Construction, Mining, and Forestry Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing 532412 Office Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing 532420 COLORADO GOLDEN FIELD OFFICE POC Karen Downs Telephone (720) 356-1269 Email karen.downs@go.doe.gov Lessors of Residential Buildings and Dwellings 531110 Lessors of Nonresidential Buildings (except Miniwarehouses) 531120 Lessors of Miniwarehouses and Self-Storage Units 531130 Truck, Utility Trailer, and RV (Recreational Vehicle) Rental and Leasing

471

Photon Sciences | About Photon Sciences | Levitation: Is it Real?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Levitation: Is it Real? Levitation: Is it Real? « Back One hundred years ago, in 1911, a Dutchman by the name of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes discovered superconductivity. He found that mercury had no electrical resistance when cooled to 4.15 kelvins, or -451.93 degrees Fahrenheit. (Dry ice has a surface temperature of -109.3 ºF. Handling dry ice with your bare hand will give you frostbite!) Today, the race is on to find materials that are superconducting at room temperature. Once this happens, the world-wide web of electronics, power and transportation will be revolutionized. NSLS supports a rich program of research to understand the basic phenomenon of superconductivity and develop it in ways that will facilitate commercialization. Often, the work zigzags in unexpected ways. Over a decade ago, scientists

472

REAL TIME GRID RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT 2005 PIER FINAL PROJECT REPORT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

REAL TIME GRID RELIABILITY REAL TIME GRID RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT 2005 Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program Prepared By: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory PIER FINAL PROJECT REPORT LBNL-62368 ii Legal Notice This report was prepared as a result of work sponsored by the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission). It does not necessarily represent the views of the Energy Commission, its employees, or the State of California. The Energy Commission, the State of California, its employees, contractors, and subcontractors make no warrant, express or implied, and assume no legal liability for the information in this report; nor does any party represent that the use of this information will not infringe upon privately owned rights. This report has not been

473

Real-Time Raman Gas Composition Sensor.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sensor Sensor Opportunity Technology/Capability Overview Benefits to Partner Development Status Contact The NETL Real-time Raman Gas Composition Analyzer determines the composition of a flowing gaseous sample in real-time and provides the concentration of each gas in that sample. . . . ‡ Testing partners would have the opportunity to evaluate the performance of the prototype system, implement new feed-forward controls, and may help shape the commercial product configuration ‡ This sensor will greatly benefit the power industry, as well as other industries utilizing gaseous input or output streams by enabling smarter control to increase process efficiency and reduce emissions ‡ We are seeking opportunities to field test the prototype instruments in power and industrial applications, as well

474

Real Goods Solar San Rafael | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rafael Rafael Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar San Rafael Name Real Goods Solar San Rafael Address 27 Simms Street Place San Rafael, California Zip 94901 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Phone number 415-456-2800 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com Coordinates 37.9584203°, -122.5046361° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.9584203,"lon":-122.5046361,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

475

Real Goods Solar Santa Cruz | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Goods Solar Santa Cruz Goods Solar Santa Cruz Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Santa Cruz Name Real Goods Solar Santa Cruz Address 1115 Thompson Avenue, #1 Place Santa Cruz, California Zip 95062 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Phone number 831-477-0943 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com/ Coordinates 36.967958°, -121.971606° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.967958,"lon":-121.971606,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

476

Resource Reclaiming in Multiprocessor Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most real-time scheduling algorithms schedule tasks with respect to their worst case computation times. Resource reclaiming refers to the problem of utilizing the resources left unused by a task when it executes less than its worst case computation time, or when a task is deleted from the current schedule. Resource reclaiming is a very important issue in dynamic real-time multiprocessor environments. In this paper, we present dynamic resource reclaiming algorithms that are effective, avoids any run time anomalies, and have bounded overhead cost that is independent of the number of tasks in the schedule. Each Task is assumed to have a worst case computation time, a deadline, and a set of resource requirements. The algorithms utilize the information given in a multiprocessor task schedule and perform on-line local optimization. The effectiveness of the algorithms is demonstrated through simulation studies. The algorithms have also been implemented in the Spring Kernel [15].

Chia Shen; Krithi Ramamritham; John A. Stankovic

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Performance assessment on continuous air monitors under real operating conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the nuclear industry, workers may be exposed to artificial radioactive aerosols. These aerosols are generally composed of particles with a diameter measuring between 0.1 {mu}m and 10 {mu}m. To protect workers in nuclear facilities, monitors that continuously measure radioactivity in the air are used. The main function of the monitor is to provide real-time measurement of activity concentration. Measurement of aerosol activity concentration can be affected by a number of factors specific to the aerosols and the instrument. The first part of the article will present the general operating principles of continuous air monitors (CAMs) and inherent measurement difficulties, as well as the main standard tests. The second section describes the experimental ICARE facility The ICARE facility generates standard artificial and natural radioactive aerosols for calibrating continuous air monitors under real operating conditions. (authors)

Monsanglant-Louvet, C.; Liatimi, N.; Gensdarmes, F. [Inst. of Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety- IRSN, Saclay (France)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Wide-area, real-time monitoring and visualization system  

SciTech Connect

A real-time performance monitoring system for monitoring an electric power grid. The electric power grid has a plurality of grid portions, each grid portion corresponding to one of a plurality of control areas. The real-time performance monitoring system includes a monitor computer for monitoring at least one of reliability metrics, generation metrics, transmission metrics, suppliers metrics, grid infrastructure security metrics, and markets metrics for the electric power grid. The data for metrics being monitored by the monitor computer are stored in a data base, and a visualization of the metrics is displayed on at least one display computer having a monitor. The at least one display computer in one said control area enables an operator to monitor the grid portion corresponding to a different said control area.

Budhraja, Vikram S. (Los Angeles, CA); Dyer, James D. (La Mirada, CA); Martinez Morales, Carlos A. (Upland, CA)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

Real-time performance monitoring and management system  

SciTech Connect

A real-time performance monitoring system for monitoring an electric power grid. The electric power grid has a plurality of grid portions, each grid portion corresponding to one of a plurality of control areas. The real-time performance monitoring system includes a monitor computer for monitoring at least one of reliability metrics, generation metrics, transmission metrics, suppliers metrics, grid infrastructure security metrics, and markets metrics for the electric power grid. The data for metrics being monitored by the monitor computer are stored in a data base, and a visualization of the metrics is displayed on at least one display computer having a monitor. The at least one display computer in one said control area enables an operator to monitor the grid portion corresponding to a different said control area.

Budhraja, Vikram S. (Los Angeles, CA); Dyer, James D. (La Mirada, CA); Martinez Morales, Carlos A. (Upland, CA)

2007-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

480

Wide-area, real-time monitoring and visualization system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A real-time performance monitoring system for monitoring an electric power grid. The electric power grid has a plurality of grid portions, each grid portion corresponding to one of a plurality of control areas. The real-time performance monitoring system includes a monitor computer for monitoring at least one of reliability metrics, generation metrics, transmission metrics, suppliers metrics, grid infrastructure security metrics, and markets metrics for the electric power grid. The data for metrics being monitored by the monitor computer are stored in a data base, and a visualization of the metrics is displayed on at least one display computer having a monitor. The at least one display computer in one said control area enables an operator to monitor the grid portion corresponding to a different said control area.

Budhraja, Vikram S.; Dyer, James D.; Martinez Morales, Carlos A.

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Real time markerless motion tracking using linked kinematic chains  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A markerless method is described for tracking the motion of subjects in a three dimensional environment using a model based on linked kinematic chains. The invention is suitable for tracking robotic, animal or human subjects in real-time using a single computer with inexpensive video equipment, and does not require the use of markers or specialized clothing. A simple model of rigid linked segments is constructed of the subject and tracked using three dimensional volumetric data collected by a multiple camera video imaging system. A physics based method is then used to compute forces to align the model with subsequent volumetric data sets in real-time. The method is able to handle occlusion of segments and accommodates joint limits, velocity constraints, and collision constraints and provides for error recovery. The method further provides for elimination of singularities in Jacobian based calculations, which has been problematic in alternative methods.

Luck, Jason P. (Arvada, CO); Small, Daniel E. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

482

Refinement and Verification of Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses highly general mechanisms for specifying the refinement of a real-time system as a collection of lower level parallel components that preserve the timing and functional requirements of the upper level specification. These mechanisms are discussed in the context of ASTRAL, which is a formal specification language for real-time systems. Refinement is accomplished by mapping all of the elements of an upper level specification into lower level elements that may be split among several parallel components. In addition, actions that can occur in the upper level are mapped to actions of components operating at the lower level. This allows several types of implementation strategies to be specified in a natural way, while the price for generality (in terms of complexity) is paid only when necessary. The refinement mechanisms are first illustrated using a simple digital circuit; then, through a highly complex phone system; finally, design guidelines gleaned from these specifications are presented.

Kolano, Paul Z; Kemmerer, Richard A; Mandrioli, Dino

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Slicing Concurrent Real-Time System Specifications for Verification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The high-level specification language CSP-OZ-DC has been shown to be well-suited for modelling and analysing industrially relevant concurrent real-time systems. It allows us to model each of the most important functional aspects such as control flow, data, and real-time requirements in adequate notations, maintaining a common semantic foundation for subsequent verification. Slicing on the other hand has become an established technique to complement the fight against state space explosion during verification which inherently accompanies increasing system complexity. In this paper, we exploit the special structure of CSP-OZ-DC specifications by extending the dependence graph—which usually serves as a basis for slicing—with several new types of dependencies, including timing dependencies derived from the specification’s DC part. Based on this we show how to compute a specification slice and prove correctness of our approach.

Ingo Brückner

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Program on Technology Innovation: Real Time NDE for Welding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes real-time nondestructive evaluation (NDE) for welding and provides an update on the NDE methods being investigated and developed for flaw detection during welding and the corresponding technical results. It also provides a summary of the future proposed work.BackgroundIt has been recognized that efficient, high-quality welding processes are essential to the economical development and safety of new advanced and operational nuclear ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

485

Texture mapping 3D models of real-world scenes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Texture mapping has become a popular tool in the computer graphics industry in the last few years because it is an easy way to achieve a high degree of realism in computer-generated imagery with very little effort. Over the last decade, texture-mapping ... Keywords: anti-aliasing, height field, homogeneous coordinates, image perspective transformation, image warping, multiresolution data, perspective projection, polygons, ray tracing, real-time scene generation, rectification, registration, texture mapping, visual simulators, voxels

Frederick M. Weinhaus; Venkat Devarajan

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Real-time pricing -- supplanted by Price-risk derivatives?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future trends in pricing options for wholesale electrical generation are discussed. Specifically, the effect of price derivatives on electricity consumption are examined. Economic analyses are presented for customer demand in real-time pricing scenarios with and without a price derivative hedge. It is determined that consumption will be curtailed even when price caps have been purchased. Consumption behavior is also analyzed to determine the effect of different price caps; regardless of price, consumption is curtailed in response to price.

O`Sheasy, M.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Real time loss detection for SNM in process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the basis of a design for real time special nuclear material (SNM) loss detectors. The design utilizes process measurements and signal processing techniques to produce a timely estimate of material loss. A state estimator is employed as the primary signal processing algorithm. Material loss is indicated by changes in the states or process innovations (residuals). The design philosophy is discussed in the context of these changes.

Candy, J.V.; Dunn, D.R.; Gavel, D.T.

1980-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

488

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print The oxide gate layer is critical to every transistor, and present-day layer thicknesses are in the 10-20 Å range (1-2 nm). However, little information exists on the oxidation process at this thickness. Available results are either for thicker layers grown under high-pressure conditions or for only the first couple of monolayers studied under high-vacuum conditions. Now, for the first time, a group of researchers has obtained real-time oxidation results for this elusive range. Using the ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) endstation at ALS Beamline 9.3.2, they examined oxidation of Si(100) at pressures up to 1 torr and temperatures up to 450 ºC. The Si 2p chemical shifts allowed determination of oxide thickness as a function of time with a precision of 1-2 Å. The initial oxidation rate was very high (up to ~234 Å/h). Then, after an initial oxide thickness of 6-22 Å was formed, the rate decreased markedly (~1.5-4.0Å/h). Neither rate regime can be explained by the standard Deal-Grove (D-G) model for Si oxidation. These results are a significant step toward developing a better understanding of this critical thickness regime.

489

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print The oxide gate layer is critical to every transistor, and present-day layer thicknesses are in the 10-20 Å range (1-2 nm). However, little information exists on the oxidation process at this thickness. Available results are either for thicker layers grown under high-pressure conditions or for only the first couple of monolayers studied under high-vacuum conditions. Now, for the first time, a group of researchers has obtained real-time oxidation results for this elusive range. Using the ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) endstation at ALS Beamline 9.3.2, they examined oxidation of Si(100) at pressures up to 1 torr and temperatures up to 450 ºC. The Si 2p chemical shifts allowed determination of oxide thickness as a function of time with a precision of 1-2 Å. The initial oxidation rate was very high (up to ~234 Å/h). Then, after an initial oxide thickness of 6-22 Å was formed, the rate decreased markedly (~1.5-4.0Å/h). Neither rate regime can be explained by the standard Deal-Grove (D-G) model for Si oxidation. These results are a significant step toward developing a better understanding of this critical thickness regime.

490

Real-time Pricing Demand Response in Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract—Dynamic pricing schemes have been implemented in commercial and industrial application settings, and recently they are getting attention for application to residential customers. Time-of-use and critical-peak-pricing rates are in place in various regions and are being piloted in many more. These programs are proving themselves useful for balancing energy during peak periods; however, real-time (5 minute) pricing signals combined with automation in end-use systems have the potential to deliver even more benefits to operators and consumers. Besides system peak shaving, a real-time pricing system can contribute demand response based on the locational marginal price of electricity, reduce load in response to a generator outage, and respond to local distribution system capacity limiting situations. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is teaming with a mid-west electricity service provider to run a distribution feeder-based retail electricity market that negotiates with residential automation equipment and clears every 5 minutes, thus providing a signal for lowering or raising electric consumption based on operational objectives of economic efficiency and reliability. This paper outlines the capability of the real-time pricing system and the operational scenarios being tested as the system is rolled-out starting in the first half of 2012.

Widergren, Steven E.; Marinovici, Maria C.; Berliner, Teri; Graves, Alan

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

491

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print The oxide gate layer is critical to every transistor, and present-day layer thicknesses are in the 10-20 Å range (1-2 nm). However, little information exists on the oxidation process at this thickness. Available results are either for thicker layers grown under high-pressure conditions or for only the first couple of monolayers studied under high-vacuum conditions. Now, for the first time, a group of researchers has obtained real-time oxidation results for this elusive range. Using the ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) endstation at ALS Beamline 9.3.2, they examined oxidation of Si(100) at pressures up to 1 torr and temperatures up to 450 ºC. The Si 2p chemical shifts allowed determination of oxide thickness as a function of time with a precision of 1-2 Å. The initial oxidation rate was very high (up to ~234 Å/h). Then, after an initial oxide thickness of 6-22 Å was formed, the rate decreased markedly (~1.5-4.0Å/h). Neither rate regime can be explained by the standard Deal-Grove (D-G) model for Si oxidation. These results are a significant step toward developing a better understanding of this critical thickness regime.

492

Imaging gene expression in real-time using aptamers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Signal transduction pathways are usually activated by external stimuli and are transient. The downstream changes such as transcription of the activated genes are also transient. Real-time detection of promoter activity is useful for understanding changes in gene expression, especially during cell differentiation and in development. A simple and reliable method for viewing gene expression in real time is not yet available. Reporter proteins such as fluorescent proteins and luciferase allow for non-invasive detection of the products of gene expression in living cells. However, current reporter systems do not provide for real-time imaging of promoter activity in living cells. This is because of the long time period after transcription required for fluorescent protein synthesis and maturation. We have developed an RNA reporter system for imaging in real-time to detect changes in promoter activity as they occur. The RNA reporter uses strings of RNA aptamers that constitute IMAGEtags (Intracellular MultiAptamer GEnetic tags), which can be expressed from a promoter of choice. The tobramycin, neomycin and PDC RNA aptamers have been utilized for this system and expressed in yeast from the GAL1 promoter. The IMAGEtag RNA kinetics were quantified by RT-qPCR. In yeast precultured in raffinose containing media the GAL1 promoter responded faster than in yeast precultured in glucose containing media. IMAGEtag RNA has relatively short half-life (5.5 min) in yeast. For imaging, the yeast cells are incubated with their ligands that are labeled with fluorescent dyes. To increase signal to noise, ligands have been separately conjugated with the FRET (Förster resonance energy transfer) pairs, Cy3 and Cy5. With these constructs, the transcribed aptamers can be imaged after activation of the promoter by galactose. FRET was confirmed with three different approaches, which were sensitized emission, acceptor photobleaching and donor lifetime by FLIM (fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy). Real-time transcription was measured by FLIM-FRET, which was detected by the decrease in donor lifetime resulting from ligand binding to IMAGEtags that were newly synthesized from the activated GAL1 promoter. The FRET signal was specific for transcribed IMAGEtags.

Shin, Il Chung

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

493

V-114: RealPlayer MP4 Processing Buffer Overflow Vulnerability | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

14: RealPlayer MP4 Processing Buffer Overflow Vulnerability 14: RealPlayer MP4 Processing Buffer Overflow Vulnerability V-114: RealPlayer MP4 Processing Buffer Overflow Vulnerability March 19, 2013 - 12:01am Addthis PROBLEM: RealPlayer MP4 Processing Buffer Overflow Vulnerability PLATFORM: Versions prior to 16.0.1.18. ABSTRACT: A vulnerability has been reported in RealPlayer REFERENCE LINKS: RealNetworks, Inc Secunia Advisory SA52692 CVE-2013-1750 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION: The vulnerability is caused due to an error when processing MP4 files and can be exploited to cause a heap-based buffer overflow via a specially crafted MP4 file. IMPACT: Successful exploitation may allow execution of arbitrary code. SOLUTION: Update to version 16.0.1.18. Addthis Related Articles U-042: Mac RealPlayer Multiple Vulnerabilities V-228: RealPlayer Buffer Overflow and Memory Corruption Error Let Remote

494

Geek-Up[09.03.10] -- Innovative Silicon Wafers, Real-Time Power...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9.03.10 -- Innovative Silicon Wafers, Real-Time Power Traders and Petascale & Exascale Supercomputers Geek-Up09.03.10 -- Innovative Silicon Wafers, Real-Time Power Traders and...

495

Binary Segmentation of Video Sequences in Real Time Francisco J. HernandezLopez and Mariano Rivera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Binary Segmentation of Video Sequences in Real Time Francisco J. Hernandez­Lopez and Mariano Rivera [8, 9]. Francisco Hernandez-Lopez and Mariano Rivera, Binary Segmentation of Video Sequences in Real

Rivera, Mariano

496

Hybrid lattice and decision analysis of real options : application to a supply chain strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In many real world systems, two types of uncertainties exist: those that evolve in small, continuous increments and those that may create large, discrete changes in the system. The field of engineering real options posits ...

Quispez-Asin, Nestor

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Liquid real estate investment fund in Latin America : analysis of worldwide best practices and portfolio proposal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work was inspired by three factors: as real estate increasingly becomes a global investment option, investors around the world turn their attention to real estate emerging markets, such as the Latin American one, ...

Martinez, Andres (Martinez Sanchez Hidalgo)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Microsoft Word - GRS Review_OMB White Paper - Real Property Right...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GRS ReviewOMB White Paper - Real Property Right-sizing and Carbon Reduction August 7 2009 2.docx Microsoft Word - GRS ReviewOMB White Paper - Real Property Right-sizing and...

499

Microsoft Word - GRS Review_OMB White Paper - Real Property Right...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Microsoft Word - GRS ReviewOMB White Paper - Real Property Right-sizing and Carbon Reduction August 7 2009 2.docx Microsoft Word - GRS ReviewOMB White Paper - Real Property...

500

Financing alternative development through double bottom line private equity funds & a real estate social investment framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The post-WWII period has seen a radical change in the growth patterns and composition of American cities, as a decentralized form of real estate development, conventional development, has become the dominant real estate ...

Levy, Jeffrey Elliot

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z