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Research and Innovation at Rutgers 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rattlesnake (Crotalus viridis), common raven (Corvus corax), black-billed magpie (Pica pica), loggerhead (Crotalus viridis), and other snake species. Nest predation significant cause of nest failure. American

Delgado, Mauricio


Raven Technology | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name Raven Technology Place Brunswick, Maine Zip 4011 Sector Efficiency Product Raven has created a high-efficiency AC power generation technology known as "AC-Direct," which seeks to overcome the limitations of inverters and synchronous generators for mobile, off-grid, and distributed power applications. Coordinates 44.743513°, -71.630893° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.743513,"lon":-71.630893,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}


Raven Biofuels International Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Raven Biofuels International Corporation Raven Biofuels International Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Raven Biofuels International Corporation Place Paramus, New Jersey Zip 07652-1236 Sector Biofuels Product Raven Biofuels International Corp is a producer and distributor of fuel-grade cellulosic ethanol. Coordinates 40.92673°, -74.060294° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.92673,"lon":-74.060294,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}


RavenBrick LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RavenBrick LLC RavenBrick LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: RavenBrick LLC Name RavenBrick LLC Address 2201A Lawrence Street Place Denver, Colorado Zip 80205 Sector Buildings Product Efficient window and daylighting systems Website http://www.ravenbrick.com/ Coordinates 39.754373°, -104.9890567° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.754373,"lon":-104.9890567,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}


DAKOTA reliability methods applied to RAVEN/RELAP-7.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the result of a NEAMS project focused on the use of reliability methods within the RAVEN and RELAP-7 software framework for assessing failure probabilities as part of probabilistic risk assessment for nuclear power plants. RAVEN is a software tool under development at the Idaho National Laboratory that acts as the control logic driver and post-processing tool for the newly developed Thermal-Hydraulic code RELAP-7. Dakota is a software tool developed at Sandia National Laboratories containing optimization, sensitivity analysis, and uncertainty quantification algorithms. Reliability methods are algorithms which transform the uncertainty problem to an optimization problem to solve for the failure probability, given uncertainty on problem inputs and a failure threshold on an output response. The goal of this work is to demonstrate the use of reliability methods in Dakota with RAVEN/RELAP-7. These capabilities are demonstrated on a demonstration of a Station Blackout analysis of a simplified Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR).

Swiler, Laura Painton; Mandelli, Diego [Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID; Rabiti, Cristian [Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID; Alfonsi, Andrea [Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID




Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RAVEN is a complex software tool that will have tasks spanning from being the RELAP-7 user interface, to using RELAP-7 to perform Risk Informed Safety Characterization (RISMC), and to controlling RELAP-7 calculation execution. The goal of this document is to: 1. Highlight the functional requirements of the different tasks of RAVEN 2. Identify shared functions that could be aggregate in modules so to obtain a minimal software redundancy and maximize software utilization. RAVEN is in fact a software framework that will allow exploiting the following functionalities: Derive and actuate the control logic required to: o Simulate the plant control system o Simulate the operator (procedure guided) actions o Perform Monte Carlo sampling of random distributed events o Perform event three based analysis Provide a GUI to: o Input a plant description to RELAP-7 (component, control variable, control parameters) o Concurrent monitoring of Control Parameters o Concurrent alteration of control parameters Provide Post Processing data mining capability based on o Dimensionality reduction o Cardinality reduction In this document it will be shown how an appropriate mathematical formulation of the control logic and probabilistic analysis leads to have most of the software infrastructure leveraged between the two main tasks. Further, this document will go through the development accomplished this year, including simulation results, and priorities for the next years development

Cristian Rabiti; Andrea Alfonsi; Joshua Cogliati; Diego Mandelli; Robert Kinoshita



Original Article Gastrointestinal Helminths of Magpies (Pica pica), Rooks (Corvus frugilegus) and Carrion Crows (Corvus corone) in Mazandaran Province, North of Iran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: Corvidae is a cosmopolitan family of oscine birds including crows, rooks, magpies, jays, chough, and ravens. These birds are migratory species, especially in the shortage of foods, so they can act like vectors for a wide range of microorganisms. They live generally in temperate climates and in a very close contact with human residential areas as well as poultry farms. There is no available information in the literature concerning the parasitic infections of these three species of corvidae in Mazandaran Province, northern Iran, so this study was conducted to clarify this. Methods: As there are three species of corvid birds in Mazandaran Province, 106 birds including 79 magpies, 11 rooks, and 16 carrion crows were examined between winter 2007 and spring 2008 at post mortem for gastrointestinal helminths. The helminths were drawn and identified morphologically in the

Iranian J Parasitol; A Halajian; A Eslami; I Mobedi; O Amin; J Mariaux; J Mansoori; S Tavakol



Accessibility validation with RAVEN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Testing is, for most, a necessary evil in the software life cycle. One very important form of testing is the evaluation of software products according to mandated criteria or guidelines such as those that specify level of accessibility. Such evaluations ... Keywords: AOP, GUI, Java, accessibility, reflection, rich-client

Barry Feigenbaum; Michael Squillace



A pilot golden eagle population study in the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area, California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Orloff and Flannery (1992) estimated that several hundred reports are annually killed by turbine collisions, wire strikes, and electrocutions at the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area (WRA). The most common fatalities were those of red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis), American kestrels (Falco sparvatius), and golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos), with lesser numbers of turkey vultures (Cathartes aura), common ravens (Corvus corax), bam owls (Tyto alba), and others. Among the species of raptors killed at Altamont Pass, the one whose local population is most likely to be impacted is the golden eagle. Besides its being less abundant than the others, the breeding and recruitment rates of golden eagles are naturally slow, increasing their susceptibility to decline as a result of mortality influences. The golden eagle is a species afforded special federal protection because of its inclusion within the Bald Eagle Protection Act as amended in 1963. There are no provisions within the Act which would allow the killing ``taking`` of golden eagles by WRA structures. This report details the results of field studies conducted during 19941. The primary purpose of the investigation is to lay the groundwork for determining whether or not turbine strikes and other hazards related to energy at Altamont Pass may be expected to affect golden eagles on a population basis. We also seek an understanding of the physical and biotic circumstances which attract golden eagles to the WRA within the context of the surrounding landscape and the conditions under which they are killed by wind turbines. Such knowledge may suggest turbine-related or habitat modifications that would result in a lower incidence of eagle mortality.

Hunt, G. [California Univ., Santa Cruz, CA (United States). Predatory Bird Research Group



Raven Culbreath University of Connecticut  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Me-Ups, Wattles 'n Snood, Hippity Hoppity Happy Handlers, 4-H Cattleman's Club, Branchburg Beef, Dairy & Livestock Winners: Chelsea Obermeier, Allie Mahon, Matt Race, Samantha Fisch, Sarah Stamets, Ali Krahenbeuhl, Todd Whitney Best Sr. Record Book: Sarah Ongaro Best Jr. Record Book: Chelsea Obermeier & Ashley Miller Cavy

Holsinger, Kent


RAVEN as Control Logic and Probabilistic Risk Assessment Driver for RELAP-7  

SciTech Connect

The Next Generation of System Analysis Code (NGSAC) [1] aims to model and simulate the Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) thermo-hydraulic behavior with high level of accuracy. In this respect, Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is developing a NGSAC (known as RELAP-7) which will allow to model NPP responses for a set of accident scenarios (e.g., loss of off-site power).

C. Rabiti; A. Alfonsi; D. Mandelli; J. Cogliati; R. Martineau



Sex differences in general intelligence: a psychometric investigation of group differences in mean and variability as measured by the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................................................ XI LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................... XIII LIST OF EQUATIONS ................................................................................. XVI GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS... ................................................................ 82 xvii GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS Acronym Definition 1PL One Parameter Logistic Model 2PL Two Parameter Logistic Model APM Advanced Progressive Matrices CAT Cognitive Abilities Test CFA Confirmatory Factor Analysis...

Savage-McGlynn, Emily



Science Summary  

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Speciation to Aerosol Solubility: Potential Effects of Aerosol Source on Ocean Photosynthesis summary written by Raven Hanna The world's animals depend on plants, plants depend...


CHE MIDDLE STATES COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION 3624 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-2630. Tel: 267-284-S000. Fax: 215-662-5501  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), Century City II, Crystal City, VA; Ner Israel Rabbinical College, Baltimore, MD; Northrop Grumman Corp Raven Academy, Baltimore, MD; Lockheed Martin Corporation, Middle River, MD; Lockheed Martin


IMRT Quality Assurance Using a Second Treatment Planning System  

SciTech Connect

We used a second treatment planning system (TPS) for independent verification of the dose calculated by our primary TPS in the context of patient-specific quality assurance (QA) for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). QA plans for 24 patients treated with inverse planned dynamic IMRT were generated using the Nomos Corvus TPS. The plans were calculated on a computed tomography scan of our QA phantom that consists of three Solid Water slabs sandwiching radiochromic films, and an ion chamber that is inserted into the center slab of the phantom. For the independent verification, the dose was recalculated using the Varian Eclipse TPS using the multileaf collimator files and beam geometry from the original plan. The data was then compared in terms of absolute dose to the ion chamber volume as well as relative dose on isodoses calculated at the film plane. The calculation results were also compared with measurements performed for each case. When comparing ion chamber doses, the mean ratio was 0.999 (SD 0.010) for Eclipse vs. Corvus, 0.988 (SD 0.020) for the ionization chamber measurements vs. Corvus, and 0.989 (SD 0.017) for the ionization chamber measurements vs. Eclipse. For 2D doses with gamma histogram, the mean value of the percentage of pixels passing the criteria of 3%, 3 mm was 94.4 (SD 5.3) for Eclipse vs. Corvus, 85.1 (SD 10.6) for Corvus vs. film, and 93.7 (SD 4.1) for Eclipse vs. film; and for the criteria of 5%, 3 mm, 98.7 (SD 1.5) for Eclipse vs. Corvus, 93.0 (SD 7.8) for Corvus vs. film, and 98.0 (SD 1.9) for Eclipse vs. film. We feel that the use of the Eclipse TPS as an independent, accurate, robust, and time-efficient method for patient-specific IMRT QA is feasible in clinic.

Anjum, Muhammad Naeem [McGill University Health Center, Department of Medical Physics, Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur (Pakistan); Parker, William, E-mail: william@medphys.mcgill.c [McGill University Health Center, Department of Medical Physics, Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Ruo, Russell; Aldahlawi, Ismail [McGill University Health Center, Department of Medical Physics, Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Afzal, Muhammad [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur (Pakistan)



Introduction Sex determination provides an ideal system for examining how  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mendis-Handagama and Siril Ariyaratne, 2001). Very little information is available regarding and Function (ed. S. G. Hillier), pp. 17-29. New York: Raven Press. Chamindrani Mendis-Handagama, S. M

Richardson, David


Virus constructed iron phosphate lithium ion batteries in unmanned aircraft systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FePO? lithium ion batteries that have cathodes constructed by viruses are scaled up in size to examine potential for use as an auxiliary battery in the Raven to power the payload equipment. These batteries are assembled ...

Kolesnikov-Lindsey, Rachel


US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

war (which Ravenal estimates cost $1050 billion in 1991of motor vehicle estimate total costs), and because one mustand deaths), and estimate the economic cost of the Iraq War

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James



2. Balkan Power Conference, 19. 21.06.2002, Belgrade Abstract--In hydro power plants of Macedonia there is a very  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the "Mavrovo Lake" and the HPP "Vrben" and HPP "Raven", it forms a cacade system, see Fig. 2. Fig. 2. Profile of the load-frequency control and electricity consumption daily diagram. The HPP "Vrutok" with the entire

Weber, Harald


Limnol. Oceanogr., 50(1), 2005, 237245 2005, by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transfer. Limnol. Oceanogr. 48: 2200­2207. RAVEN, J. A. 1984. A cost-benefit analysis of photon absorption- cocyanin from Spirulina sp.: Influence of processing of bio- mass on phycocyanin yield, analysis

Simis, Stefan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "raven corvus corax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


Specificity and Dependence (Necessary)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1991), vampire bats, Desmodus rotundus (Wilkinson 1984; Denault & McFarlane 1995), and other small the probability of mating, reducing harassment costs, lowering parasite load, acquiring higher rank, or increasing Ravens Heinrich 1988a, b, 1989 Reciprocity Vampire bats Wilkinson 1984; Denault & McFarlane 1995 Hyaenas

Mitchell, Randall J.


66 M A X P L A N C K F O R S C H U N G 4 / 2 0 0 4 Entwicklung  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-764, hrsg. von M. S. Gazzaniga. MIT Press. Cambridge 1995 3 Bergmann, R.: Relativsatz. Geburtstag, 51-66, hrsg. von E. Koller, H. Moser. Institut für Germanistik. Innsbruck 1985 4 Birbaumer, N., T of the Frontal Lobe. Raven, New York 1989 17 Geschwind, N., A. M. Galaburda (1984, Hrsg.). Cerebral Domi- nance


Infinitely Many Resolutions of Hempel's Paradox  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What sorts of observations could confirm the universal hypothesis that all ravens are black? Carl Hempel proposed a number of simple and plausible principles which had the odd ("paradoxical") result that not only do observations of black ravens confirm that hypothesis, but so too do observations of yellow suns, green seas and white shoes. Hempel's response to his own paradox was to call it a psychological illusion--i.e., white shoes do indeed confirm that all ravens are black. Karl Popper on the other hand needed no response: he claimed that no observation can confirm any general statement--there is no such thing as confirmation theory. Instead, we should be looking for severe tests of our theories, strong attempts to falsify them. Bayesian philosophers have (in a loose sense) followed the Popperian analysis of Hempel's paradox (while retaining confirmation theory): they have usually judged that observing a white shoe in a shoe store does not qualify as a severe test of the hypothesis and so, while providing Bayesian confirmation, does so to only a minute degree. This rationalizes our common intuition of non-confirmation. All of these responses to the paradox are demonstrably wrong--granting an ordinary Bayesian measure of confirmation. A proper Bayesian analysis reveals that observations of white shoes may provide the raven hypothesis any degree of confirmation whatsoever.

Kevin B. Korb



ThemagazineofTheJohnshopkinsWhiTingschoolofengineering sUmmer2007 Body Builders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Engineering 3400 N. Charles Street Baltimore, MD 21218 Phone: (410) 516-6852 Fax: (410) 516-5130 WILLKIRK Billick, head coach of the Baltimore Ravens *From the Chronicle of Higher Education Commencement Database joined Osiris Therapeutics Inc., a Baltimore-based stem cell technology company. There, her research team

Niebur, Ernst


Tuvinian images of demons from Tibet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

causing deseases see Tucci and Heissig (1970): 193, 195. As such demons the gdon are also briefly characterized by Tseng (2005): 51. For further general remarks on the gdon see Clifford (1984): 148-55. In a text composed by Mi pham rnam rgyal in 1908... . Ri dvags rgyal (Ri dvags rgyal po) deer (ri dvags) (Fig. 3) 3. sKem byed (sKem byed pa) young man (gzhon nu) (Fig. 2) 4. brJed byed (brJed byed pa) fox (wa) (Fig. 4) 5. Khu tshur can raven (bya rog) (Fig. 5) 6. Ma mo human being (mi...

Schwieger, Peter



Microsoft Word - S05993_CY2009 Annual Rpt.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

4 4 Additional Wildlife Observations In September, a dead crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) was observed dangling from the top of a spruce tree at the Site. Closer inspection revealed there was fishing line wrapped around the foot of the bird. Evidently the crow picked up the fishing line on its foot at one of the nearby reservoirs (since fishing is not allowed at the Site). The line was probably dangling from its foot when it landed on the branch. When it attempted to take off the line probably got caught in the tree branch, and the more the bird tried to free itself, the more it wrapped itself around the branch. Finally its foot was so tightly entangled around the branch that the bird could not move and eventually died on the branch. The bird was removed from the tree and disposed of.


Science Summary  

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Hasan Research Hasan Research Princeton News Release » Share this Article Laboratree Ologeez SciLink LabSpaces Macroscopic Quantum Insulator State Observed summary written by Raven Hanna One of the strangest consequences of quantum mechanics is the seemingly instantaneous communication of subatomic particles over long distances. Known as quantum entanglement, pairs or groups of particles can become linked so that any changes made to one will cause the others to respond quicker than the time it takes for light to travel between them. Scientists are interested in finding a material that shows quantum entanglement on a macroscopic scale but which is neither a superconductor nor a superfluid. Dubbed a topological insulator, this theorized, exotic state of matter would have unusual conducting properties. For example,



NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AMERICAN HERITAGE OF AMERICAN HERITAGE OF raven 10~ SUMMER 1995 $d.OU VOLUME 11/NU~IBH;R 1 i Y .rt: r "~ ~:rih a ~~ to Invent * Tf~e~'' ~ °of _._.. , _._~.__ ~y~,: ..~_, ec no o~ r HE TOM OMB FIFTY YEARS AGO THIS SUNI~fER, THE WORLD WAS changed forever when the first nuclear bomb ex- ploded above the New Mexico desert and then bombs were dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. The moral, psychological, and geopolitical ramifications of this most powerful and revolution- ary of all technologies and its use have been matters of universal con- cern ever since. They will undoubtedly be the subject of particularly intense discussion this summer. Invention ~ Technology's contribution is a look at the anniversary from the magazine's unique perspective, examining the making of the


Damien Forthomme  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Damien Forthomme Damien Forthomme Research Associate Chemistry Department Building 555 Brookhaven National Laboratory P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY 11973-5000 Phone: (631) 344-7674 FAX: (631) 344-5815 e-mail Gas-Phase Molecular Dynamics Education: Ph.D. - University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada - 2011 B.S. - Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France - 2005 Research Interests: Molecular spectroscopy, molecular dynamics, laser-molecule interactions, atomic physics, line shape. Publications: Argon-induced pressure broadening, shifting and narrowing in the CN A 2Π - X 2Σ+ (1-0) band. J. Phys. Chem. A, (2013). DOI: 10.1021/jp4030359. D. Forthomme, C.P. McRaven, T.J. Sears, and G.E. Hall Hyperfine structures in the v=1-0 vibrational band of the B 3Πg - A 3Σ+u of N2.


Science Summary  

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July 30, 2009 July 30, 2009 » Links Scientific Highlight Center for Advanced Molecular Photovoltaics, Stanford University » Share this Article Laboratree Ologeez SciLink LabSpaces Molecular Mixing in Organic Solar Cells summary written by Raven Hanna Solar panels contain a number of solar cells that convert light into electricity. Solar cells are traditionally made of crystalline silicon, which presently have 15-20% efficiency in conversion of light into electricity. However, these traditional cells are bulky and have high production costs that can take 5-7 years of solar panel operation to recover. Using solar cells made from organic materials could lower their production costs. This would lessen the time it takes for solar panels to generate more energy than consumed during production and would also result


Science Summary  

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pseudogap image pseudogap image » Links Scientific Highlight SIMES Shen Lab SLAC Today Article » Share this Article Laboratree Ologeez SciLink LabSpaces Scientists Find Unexpected Electron Behavior in the Pseudogap of High-temperature Superconductors summary written by Raven Hanna Superconductivity is a hot topic in physics for good reason. With an electrical resistance of zero, superconductors transport electrical current with no loss of energy. Unfortunately, scientists have only found materials to be superconducting at very low temperatures, much too low for widespread use. In the 1980s, scientists discovered a class of "high-temperature" superconductors that can be used at the temperature of liquid nitrogen (~-200°C). This discovery has raised scientists' hopes that materials may


Super Bowl City Leads on Energy Efficient Forefront | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bowl City Leads on Energy Efficient Forefront Bowl City Leads on Energy Efficient Forefront Super Bowl City Leads on Energy Efficient Forefront February 2, 2013 - 11:30am Addthis New Orleans' Mercedes-Benz Superdome features more than 26,000 LED lights on the building's exterior. The system uses only 10 kilowatts of electricity, equivalent to powering a small home. | Photo courtesy of SMG. New Orleans' Mercedes-Benz Superdome features more than 26,000 LED lights on the building's exterior. The system uses only 10 kilowatts of electricity, equivalent to powering a small home. | Photo courtesy of SMG. John Horst Public Affairs Specialist with the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy While the Baltimore Ravens and San Francisco 49ers compete to hoist the Vince Lombardi trophy this weekend, eco-friendly fans and city leaders in


Instrumentation of Current Technology Testing and Replicating Harsh Environments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abrasion Testing of Critical Components Abrasion Testing of Critical Components of Hydrokinetic Devices 10/17/2012 University of Alaska Anchorage 2 Project Team o Ocean Renewable Power Company (ORPC) o Jarlath McEntee o Monty Worthington o University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA) o Faculty o Thomas Ravens o Todd Petersen o Muhammad Ali o Research Assistants o Tim Kirk o Jacob Clark o Angus Bromaghin 10/17/2012 University of Alaska Anchorage 3 ORPC Technology o TideGen Power System (TGU) o Designed to generate electricity at water depths of 50 to 100 feet 10/17/2012 University of Alaska Anchorage 4 ORPC Technology 10/17/2012 University of Alaska Anchorage 5 TGU Performance Test Results o ORPC field testing on TGU prototype in 2008 showed significant wear on bearings and seals. 10/17/2012 University of Alaska Anchorage 6


Science Summary  

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February 25, 2010 February 25, 2010 seafloor_biofilms Image of pillow basalts from inside the Pisces Submersible. » Links Scientific Highlight Templeton Lab EMSL News Imaging at SSRL » Share this Article Laboratree Ologeez SciLink LabSpaces Researchers Discover an Unexpected Source of Energy for Deep-sea Microbial Communities summary written by Raven Hanna New rock formed by deep undersea volcanoes does not stay bare long. Microbes quickly move onto these basalts to form communities in the form of biofilms. As these biofilms grow and develop, they change the geology of their environment, forming mineral deposits. Since many of these communities are deep in the cold ocean waters, where sunlight does not reach, they must use alternative sources of energy. What these might be is unknown, but a common theory posits that the microbes may be obtaining


Science Summary  

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10 10 image Outside view of the T=4 subunit arrangement. » Links Scientific Highlight Johnson Lab » Share this Article Laboratree Ologeez SciLink LabSpaces Following the pH-dependent Conformational Changes of a Maturing Viral Capsid summary written by Raven Hanna The capsid that surrounds viruses is formed from subunit proteins that interact in specific ways to form a tight shell. The processes of coming together and forming interactions are multistep and complex and are fundamental events to acquire viral infectivity. The capsid maturation process of the Nudaurelia capensis omega virus includes pH-dependant conformational changes and auto-proteolysis. Like many human viruses such as HIV and herpes virus, NwV, an insect virus, requires these specific structural changes to become infectious.


Lateral Transfer of a Lectin-Like Antifreeze Protein Gene in Fishes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fishes living in icy seawater are usually protected from freezing by endogenous antifreeze proteins (AFPs) that bind to ice crystals and stop them from growing. The scattered distribution of five highly diverse AFP types across phylogenetically disparate fish species is puzzling. The appearance of radically different AFPs in closely related species has been attributed to the rapid, independent evolution of these proteins in response to natural selection caused by sea level glaciations within the last 20 million years. In at least one instance the same type of simple repetitive AFP has independently originated in two distant species by convergent evolution. But, the isolated occurrence of three very similar type II AFPs in three distantly related species (herring, smelt and sea raven) cannot be explained by this mechanism. These globular, lectin-like AFPs have a unique disulfide-bonding pattern, and share up to 85 % identity in their amino acid sequences, with regions of even higher identity in their genes. A thorough search of current databases failed to find a homolog in any other species with greater than 40 % amino acid sequence identity. Consistent with this result, genomic Southern blots showed the lectin-like AFP gene was absent from all other fish species tested. The remarkable conservation of both intron and exon sequences, the lack of correlation between evolutionary distance and mutation rate, and the pattern of silent vs non-silent codon changes make it unlikely that the gene for this AFP pre-existed but was lost from most branches of the teleost radiation. We propose instead that lateral gene transfer has resulted in the occurrence of the type II AFPs in herring, smelt and sea raven and

Laurie A. Graham; Stephen C. Lougheed; K. Vanya Ewart; Peter L. Davies



Avian risk behavior and fatalities at the Altamont Wind Resource Area: March 1998 - February 1999  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Since 1981, more than 7,000 wind turbines have been installed in the Altamont Wind Resource Area in north-central California. Currently, about 5,000 turbines are operating. Past research efforts demonstrated that wind turbines frequently kill birds, especially raptors. Little is known about the specific flight and perching behaviors by birds near wind turbines. A better understanding of these interactions may one day yield insights on how to minimize bird fatalities. This Phase 1 progress report summarizes research findings obtained at 20 study plots totaling 785 turbines of various configurations and conducted between March 1998 and February 1999. The authors examined bird use and behaviors and collected data on fatalities at the same turbines throughout the course of the surveys. They completed 745 30-minute point counts (1,702 bird observations) that quantified bird risk behaviors and bird use of the study plots. The four most frequently observed bird species were red-tailed hawks, common ravens, turkey vultures, and golden eagles. During the same period, the authors recorded 95 bird fatalities. Raptors represent 51% (n=49) of the kills found. The data indicate that the relative abundance of species observed does not predict the relative frequency of fatalities per species. Phase II of the research is underway.

Thelander, C.; Rugge, L.



Baseline avian use and behavior at the CARES wind plant site, Klickitat County, Washington  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a literature review on avian-wind turbine interactions and the results of a one-year avian baseline study conducted in 1998 at the proposed Conservation and Renewable Energy System (CARES) wind development site in Klickitat County, Washington. Avian use of the site ranged from 1.11/survey in the winter to 5.69/survey in the spring. Average use by passerines in the study plots ranged from 1.15 minutes/survey in the winter to 40.98 minutes/survey in the spring. Raptors spent much less time within plots than other groups, ranging from 0.05 minutes/survey in the winter to 0.77 minutes/survey during the fall. Thirteen percent of all flying birds were within the rotor-swept height (25 to 75 m); 41.6% of all raptors were flying at this height. Raptors with the greatest potential turbine exposure are red-tailed hawks and golden eagles. Passerines with the highest turbine exposure are common ravens, American robins, and horned larks. Spatial use data for the site indicate that avian use tends to be concentrated near the rim, indicating that placing turbines away from the rim may reduce risk. Avian use data at the CARES site indicate that if a wind plant is constructed in the future, avian mortality would likely be relatively low.

Erickson, W.P.; Johnson, G.D.; Strickland, M.D.; Kronner, K.; Becker, P.S.; Orloff, S.



Can All Centers Plan Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) Effectively? An External Audit of Dosimetric Comparisons Between Three-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy and IMRT for Adjuvant Chemoradiation for Gastric Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To compare dosimetric endpoints between three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) at our center with limited IMRT experience, and to perform an external audit of the IMRT plans. Methods and Materials: Ten patients, who received adjuvant chemoradiation for gastric cancer, formed the study cohort. For standardization, the planning target volume (PTV) and organs at risk were recontoured with the assistance of a study protocol radiologic atlas. The cohort was replanned with CMS Xio to generate coplanar 3D-CRT and IMRT plans. All 10 datasets, including volumes but without the plans (i.e., blinded), were transmitted to an experienced center where IMRT plans were designed using Nomos Corvus (IMRT-C) and ADAC Pinnacle (IMRT-P). All IMRT plans were normalized to D95% receiving 45 Gy. Results: Intensity-modulated radiotherapy yielded higher PTV V45 (volume that receives {>=}45 Gy) (p < 0.001) than 3D-CRT. No difference in V20 was seen in the right (p = 0.9) and left (p 0.3) kidneys, but the liver mean dose (p < 0.001) was superior with IMRT. For the external audit, IMRT-C (p = 0.002) and IMRT-P (p < 0.001) achieved significantly lower left kidney V20 than IMRT, and IMRT-P (p < 0.001) achieved lower right kidney V20 than IMRT. The IMRT-C (p = 0.003) but not IMRT-P (p = 0.6) had lower liver mean doses than IMRT. Conclusions: At our institution with early IMRT experience, IMRT improved PTV dose coverage and liver doses but not kidney doses. An external audit of IMRT plans showed that an experienced center can yield superior IMRT plans.

Chung, Hans T. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore)], E-mail: hanstchung@gmail.com; Lee, Brian [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA (United States); Park, Eileen; Lu, Jiade J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Xia Ping [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA (United States)



The effects of human disturbance on birds in Bastrop State Park  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With rapidly disappearing natural areas due to development and fragmentation, public lands provide important habitat for birds. However, the increasing use of public lands for recreation may decrease the value of these areas for bird use. Human disturbance can damage birds in many ways, including disrupting foraging or social behavior, increasing nest predation, interfering with parent-offspring and pair bonds, increasing nesting failures, and reducing the viability of fledglings. Additionally, birds may perceive humans as predators and leave an area, and the resulting decline in species abundance resembles the effects of habitat loss. Increased human outdoor activity has created the need for information regarding the effects of human disturbance on birds. I investigated the effects of human disturbance on birds in Bastrop State Park (BSP) in central Texas in 1998 and 1999. A wide variety of people use much of BSP, and many areas within the park experience significant amounts of disturbance from people and vehicles, particularly in campgrounds. I evaluated the effects of various types of human disturbance on the presence of 20 avian species, including seven neotropical migratory species. Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater), Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura), Carolina Wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus), and Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra), were sensitive to human presence, and Blue Jays (Cyanocitta cristata), and Downy Woodpeckers (Picoides pubescens) occurred in lower abundances in sites with higher numbers of vehicles. However, other species (e.g., American Crow [Corvus brachyrhynchos], Black-and-white Warbler [Mniotilta varia], Pileated Woodpecker [Dryocopus pileatus], Red-eyed Vireo [Vireo olivaceus], Ruby-throated Hummingbird [Archilochus colubris], White-eyed Vireo [Vireo griseus], and Yellow-billed Cuckoo [Coccyzus americanus]) tolerated humans, vehicles, or both. Neotropical migratory species did not show higher sensitivity to disturbance when compared to resident species, and forest interior species were not more sensitive than edge species. My results indicate that some species, including migrants, can become habituated to human presence in protected areas with low harassment and low-intensity, predictable disturbances. Management recommendations for BSP include protecting habitat, minimizing human disturbance in some areas, providing buffer zones between humandominated zones and sites containing vulnerable species, and softening edges in campgrounds.

Marcum, Heidi Ann


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An Innovative Approach for Data Collection and Handling to Enable Advancements in Micro Air Vehicle Persistent Surveillance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The success of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) in the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts has led to increased interest in further digitalization of the United States armed forces. Although unmanned systems have been a tool of the military for several decades, only recently have advances in the field of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technology made it possible to develop systems capable of being transported by an individual soldier. These miniature unmanned systems, more commonly referred to as micro air vehicles (MAV), are envisioned by the Department of Defense as being an integral part of maintaining America?s military superiority. As researchers continue to make advances in the miniaturization of flight hardware, a new problem with regard to MAV field operations is beginning to present itself. To date, little work has been done to determine an effective means of collecting, analyzing, and handling information that can satisfy the goal of using MAVs as tools for persistent surveillance. Current systems, which focus on the transmission of analog video streams, have been very successful on larger UAVs such as the RQ-11 Raven but have proven to be very demanding of the operator. By implementing a new and innovative data processing methodology, currently existing hardware can be adapted to effectively present critical information with minimal user input. Research currently being performed at Texas A&M University in the areas of attitude determination and image processing has yielded a new application of photographic projection. By replacing analog video with spatially aware high-resolution images, the present MAV handheld ground control stations (GCS) can be enhanced to reduce the number of functional manpower positions required during operation. Photographs captured by an MAV can be displayed above pre-existing satellite imagery to give an operator a lasting reference to the location of objects in his vicinity. This newly generated model also increases the functionality of micro air vehicles by allowing for target tracking and energy efficient perch and stare capabilities, both essential elements of persistent surveillance.

Goodnight, Ryan David



Fostering creativity: a meta-analytic inquiry into the variability of effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present study used the method of meta-analysis to synthesize the empirical research on the effects of intervention techniques for fostering creativity. Overall, the average effect sizes of all types of creativity training were sizable, and their effectiveness could be generalized across age levels and beyond school settings. Generally, among these training programs, CPS (Creative Problem Solving) spent the least training time and gained the highest training effects on creativity scores. In addition, ??Other Attitudes programs,?? which presumed to motivate or facilitate the creativity motivation, also presented sizable effect size as other types of creativity training programs. As for the issue of creativity ability vs. skills, this analysis did not support the notion that figural components of the TTCT (Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking) might be measuring the relatively stable aspects of creativity proposed by Rose and Lin (1984). Because the figural form of the TTCT did not obtain the lowest effect size, the results indicated that the view of multi-manifestation of creativity is a more plausible explanation. And since neither the Stroop Color and Word Test or the Raven Progressive Matrices was found in the studies, this issue was difficult to investigate further. From the path-model analysis, it can be implied that a research design with a control group and student sample would more likely lead to publication, which would influence the effect size index. Unfortunately, from the information provided in the articles included in this study, there were not any quantitative data about motivation or related measurement of the participants, which is a major problem and impedes this study for creating a better path-model. This study has many implications which merit investigation. One approach follows the concepts of aptitude-treatment interactions, which is focused on each individual??s unique strengths and talent, and the goals of a creativity training program should help them to recognize, to develop their own creative potential, and finally to learn to express it in their own way. Another involves developing the assessment techniques and criteria for individuals as well as collecting related information regarding attitudes and motivation during the training process.

Huang, Tse-Yang



CHRPR Operations Manual  

SciTech Connect

1.0 Overview The TSA systems VM-250AGN portal monitor is a set of two pillars made to detect nuclear material in a vehicle. Each pillar contains two polyvinyl toluene (PVT) plastic gamma ray detectors and four 3He neutron detectors, as well as a power supply and electronics to process the output from these detectors. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has designed and built a continuous high-resolution PVT readout (CHRPR) for the TSA portal to allow spectral readout from the gamma and neutron detectors. The CHRPR helps differentiate between different types of radioactive material through increased spectroscopic capability and associated developments. The TSA VM-250AGN continually monitors the natural neutron and gamma ray background which occurs around the pillars. When the system is installed, the two pillars are placed on either side of a roadway, and a vehicle presence sensor records the passage of cars between them. When radiation measurements exceed a preset alarm threshold, the system alarms to let the user know that a radioactive material is present. Time-stamped measurements are continually sent to a computer, where they can be recorded via a Windows terminal or the TSA RAVEN software. For each pillar in the original TSA model, output from each detector is amplified and shaped by a single channel analyzer, the SCA-775. Information from both SCA-775s are passed to the SC-770 in the master pillar. This is the detector interface module and main data processor. It counts electrical pulses and uses program software to output total readings to the computer, as well as trigger any appropriate alarms. The CHRPR allows a parallel approach to recording radiation readings from the TSA system. After installing the CHRPR system, all TSA power and signal connections are unchanged. The CHRPR captures electrical pulses containing detector and occupancy sensor information from the SCA-775 on either side. These pulses are converted to a signal with a time width proportional to the amplitude, via voltage to pulse width converters (VPW). These time widths are then digitized by a field programmable gate array (FPGA) and transmitted over Ethernet to a data acquisition computer. The CHRPR records the magnitude of each pulse to a continuous event mode file on or each detector and occupancy sensor This manual begins with CHRPR installation instructions, then a section on CHRPR software. Afterward is a brief overview of how the TSA system works, then an explanation of the CHRPR. This manual is meant as a supplement to the TSA VM-250AGN manual, which can be found at http://tsasystems.com/library/manuals/pm700agn-vm250agn_manual.pdf . That manual is the manufacturers guide for the installation, programming, and maintenance of the portal system.

Windsor, Bradford T.; Woodring, Mitchell L.; Myjak, Mitchell J.



Medium Truck Duty Cycle Data from Real-World Driving Environments: Project Interim Report  

SciTech Connect

Since the early part of the 20th century, the US trucking industry has provided a safe and economical means of moving commodities across the country. At the present time, nearly 80% of the US domestic freight movement involves the use of trucks. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is spearheading a number of research efforts to improve heavy vehicle fuel efficiencies. This includes research in engine technologies (including hybrid and fuel cell technologies), lightweight materials, advanced fuels, and parasitic loss reductions. In addition, DOE is developing advanced tools and models to support heavy vehicle truck research, and is leading the 21st Century Truck Partnership whose stretch goals involve a reduction by 50% of the fuel consumption of heavy vehicles on a ton-mile basis. This Medium Truck Duty Cycle (MTDC) Project is a critical element in DOE s vision for improved heavy vehicle energy efficiency and is unique in that there is no other national database of characteristic duty cycles for medium trucks. It involves the collection of real-world data for various situational characteristics (rural/urban, freeway/arterial, congested/free-flowing, good/bad weather, etc.) and looks at the unique nature of medium trucks drive cycles (stop-and-go delivery, power takeoff, idle time, short-radius trips), to provide a rich source of data that can contribute to the development of new tools for fuel efficiency and modeling, provide DOE a sound basis upon which to make technology investment decisions, and provide a national archive of real-world-based medium-truck operational data to support heavy vehicle energy efficiency research. The MTDC project involves a two-part field operational test (FOT). For the Part-1 FOT, three vehicles, each from two vocations (urban transit and dry-box delivery) were instrumented for one year of data collection. The Part-2 FOT will involve the towing/recovery and utility vocations. The vehicles participating in the MTDC project are doing so through gratis partnerships in return for early access to the results of this study. Partnerships such as these are critical to FOTs in which real-world data is being collected. In Part 1 of the project, Oak Ridge National Laboratory(ORNL) established partnerships with the H.T. Hackney Company, one of the largest wholesale distributors in the country, distributing products to 21 states; and with the Knoxville Area Transit (KAT), the City of Knoxville s transit system, operating services across the city of Knoxville and parts of Knox co. These partnerships and agreements provided ORNL access to three Class-7 2005/2007 International day-cab tractors, model 8600, which regularly haul 28 ft pup trailers (H.T. Hackney Co) and three Class-7 2005 Optima LF-34 buses (KAT), for collection of duty cycle data. In addition, ORNL has collaborated with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to determine if there were possible synergies between this duty cycle data collection effort and FMCSA s need to learn more about the operation and duty cycles of the second-largest fuel consuming commercial vehicle category in the US. FMCSA s primary interest was in collecting safety data relative to the driver, carrier, and vehicle. In order to collect the duty cycle and safety-related data, ORNL developed a data acquisition and wireless communication system that was placed on each test vehicle. Each signal recorded in this FOT was collected by means of one of the instruments incorporated into each data acquisition system (DAS). Native signals were obtained directly from the vehicle s J1939 and J1708 data buses. A VBOX II Lite collected Global Positioning System related information including speed, acceleration, and spatial location information at a rate of 5 Hz, and communicated this data via the CAN (J1939) protocol. The Air-Weigh LoadMaxx, a self-weighing system which determines the vehicle s gross weight by means of pressure transducers and posts the weight to the vehicle s J1939 data bus, was used to collect vehicle payload information. A cellular modem, the Raven X

Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL