Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

A constraint on a varying proton--electron mass ratio 1.5 billion years after the Big Bang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A molecular hydrogen absorber at a lookback time of 12.4 billion years, corresponding to 10$\\%$ of the age of the universe today, is analyzed to put a constraint on a varying proton--electron mass ratio, $\\mu$. A high resolution spectrum of the J1443$+$2724 quasar, which was observed with the Very Large Telescope, is used to create an accurate model of 89 Lyman and Werner band transitions whose relative frequencies are sensitive to $\\mu$, yielding a limit on the relative deviation from the current laboratory value of $\\Delta\\mu/\\mu=(-9.5\\pm5.4_{\\textrm{stat}} \\pm 5.3_{\\textrm{sys}})\\times 10^{-6}$.

Bagdonaite, J; Murphy, M T; Whitmore, J B

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Thermal and daylighting evaluation of the effect of varying aspect ratios in urban canyons in Curitiba, Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Urbanization is commonly associated with densification which may lead to vertical growth or urban consolidation. The present study evaluates the daylighting potential as a function of urban morphology for the city of Curitiba ( 25 ° 2 5 ? 5 0 ? ? S 46 ° 1 6 ? 1 5 ? ? W ). It also presents a thermal analysis for a representative street axis orientation in this location showing indoor conditions within a test office for different aspect ratios. In Curitiba certain street axes were designated to allow densification (in the so-called structural sector of the city). As a consequence there is a great risk of urban canyons being formed as local legislation does not impose height restrictions to adjacent buildings. Daylight analysis was based on software simulations with LUZ DO SOL DLN ECOTECT and RADIANCE. Thermal analysis was carried out by means of computer simulations with the IDA ICEsoftware. It was verified that diagonal axial orientations relative to the north (rotated in 45°) provide higher daylighting potentials to buildings located in urban canyons. With regard to the thermal effect of varying the aspect ratio in an east-west street axis results confirm daylighting simulations showing the interrelation between both comfort parameters.

Eduardo Krüger; Mauro Suga

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

" Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

" Level: National Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments within NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;" " Unit: Varies." ,,,,"Consumption" ,,,"Consumption","per...

4

What is the Chance that the Equity Premium Varies Evidence from Regressions on the Dividend-Price Ratio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the Dividend-Price Ratio Jessica A. Wachter University of Pennsylvania and NBER Missaka Warusawitharana Board of predictability. When we apply our methods to the dividend-price ratio, we find that even investors who are quite confronted by the historical time series of returns and predictor variables. Correctly taking into account

Kahana, Michael J.

5

Scaling of high-wavenumber energy spectra in the unit aspect-ratio rotating Boussinesq system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenomenological and numerical studies of the small scale spectra of energy are presented for high Reynolds number rotating Boussinesq flows in unit aspect-ratio domains. We introduce a non-dimensional parameter Gamma such that when the potential vorticity is nearly linear in the dynamical variables, we deduce that for Gamma much less than 1, the potential enstrophy suppresses the transfer of horizontal kinetic energy into wavemodes with large horizontal component k_h while forcing it to become independent of vertical wavevector component k_z, scaling as k_h^{-5}. When Gamma much greater than 1, the potential enstrophy suppresses the transfer of potential energy into the wavemodes with large vertical component k_z while forcing it to become independent of k_h, scaling as k_z^{-5) power. Spectra computed from high-resolution simulations of the Boussinesq equations with isotropic low-wavenumber forcing are used to explore such anisotropic constraints on the energy and provide a posteriori justification for the joint flux ansatz used to obtain the (-5) scaling exponent. In all cases the empirical evidence points to both energy and potential enstrophy being jointly transferred downscale with the spectral scaling of the the former constrained by the latter.

Susan Kurien

2010-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

6

Optimal control of the signal-to-noise ratio per unit time for a spin-1/2 particle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the maximum signal-to-noise ratio per unit time that can be achieved for a spin-1/2 particle subjected to a periodic pulse sequence. Optimal control techniques are applied to design the control field and the position of the steady state, leading to the best signal-to-noise performance. A complete geometric description of the optimal control problem is given in the unbounded case. We show the optimality of the well-known Ernst angle solution, which is widely used in spectroscopic and medical imaging applications, over a large control space allowing the use of shaped pulses.

M. Lapert; E. Assémat; S. J. Glaser; D. Sugny

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

7

Cosmology with varying constants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with a varying constant, say c, one can always, by a suitable rede nition of units of measurement, transform it into another theory...it follows that all we have to do is carry out appropriate rede nitions of our units of length, time and energy. Again, these...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

" Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2006;" 3 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2006;" " Level: National Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments within NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;" " Unit: Varies." ,,,,"Consumption" ,,,"Consumption","per Dollar" ,,"Consumption","per Dollar","of Value" "NAICS",,"per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments" "Code(a)","Economic Characteristic(b)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)" ,,"Total United States" " 311 - 339","ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES"

9

Software Engineering Model Schedule -(with CS 1131) example only; actual schedule may vary; see your academic dept. Includes 3 units of co-curricular activities.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software Engineering Model Schedule - (with CS 1131) example only; actual schedule may vary; see FALL SPRING FALL SPRING CS 1000 1 CS 2321 3 CS 1141 2 CS 3141 3 CS 1131 5 MA 2160 4 CS 2311 3 CS 3421 4 Activity (1) Total 17 Total 15 Total 14-15 Total 16-17 3rd Year 4th Year FALL SPRING FALL SPRING CS 3311 3

10

Table 6.2 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2002;" 2 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;" " Unit: Varies." ,,,"Consumption" " ",,"Consumption","per Dollar"," " " ","Consumption","per Dollar","of Value","RSE" "Economic","per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments","Row" "Characteristic(a)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)","Factors"

11

" Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2002;" 3 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2002;" " Level: National Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments within NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;" " Unit: Varies." " "," ",,,"Consumption"," " " "," ",,"Consumption","per Dollar" " "," ","Consumption","per Dollar","of Value","RSE" "NAICS",,"per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments","Row" "Code(a)","Economic Characteristic(b)","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)","Factors"

12

" Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

N7.1. Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 1998;" N7.1. Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;" " Unit: Varies." " "," ",,,"Consumption"," " " "," ",,"Consumption","per Dollar"," " " "," ","Consumption","per Dollar","of Value","RSE" "NAICS"," ","per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments","Row" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)","Factors"

13

" Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2002;" 1 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;" " Unit: Varies." " "," ",,,"Consumption"," " " "," ",,"Consumption","per Dollar"," " " "," ","Consumption","per Dollar","of Value","RSE" "NAICS"," ","per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments","Row" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)","Factors"

14

Fuel consumption rate in a heat-powered unit analyzed as a function of the temperature and consumption ratio of the air  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analysis of fuel consumption for a heat-powered unit in the ... of ceramic materials is given. The heat consumption rate is analyzed as a function of ... generating the working medium, and of the consumption r...

N. A. Tyutin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

" Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2006;" 1 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2006;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;" " Unit: Varies." ,,,,"Consumption" ,,,"Consumption","per Dollar" ,,"Consumption","per Dollar","of Value" "NAICS",,"per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)" ,,"Total United States" 311,"Food",879.8,5,2.2 3112," Grain and Oilseed Milling",6416.6,17.5,5.7

16

Cosmology with varying constants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...that is, energy of the vacuum: this can also be thought...in empty space (or vacuum). On smaller scales...extra dimensions? In accelerator physics, some possible...due to a number of nuclear-physics uncertainties...ratios from the natural nuclear reactor at the Oklo...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Table E7.1. Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 1998  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;" " Unit:...

18

isotopic ratio | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

isotopic ratio isotopic ratio Leads No leads are available at this time. Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. Abstract: As a candidate...

19

The growth and chemical composition of soybeans as influenced by varying sulphur applications, varying soluble salts and varying calcium: sodium ratios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8A5 R?83 R?30 3. 73 4 05 3?44 3?30 3. 86 g?80 2. 35 8, 88 1. 81 3 35 0 $6. 30! R?$e5 &?47 R?68 K. S. D? 0?05 lewd, I, . & 9. 0?01 local . 64 sulphuz $n %be. per sees ogden de7 we+h? of gkaa?a 4. 0 1 . 0 ~ 3. 0 2 ~ 0 XLsld 0 5...+ IIons 750 1500 None 750 1500 Mone 750 1500 1. 68 1. 68 2 15 1, 91 1. 95 2. 53 1, 64 1. 76 2. 50 1, 51 1, 52 2, 20 1. 52 1 69 2. 17 1. 98 2, 93 1-55 1 96 1. 79 1, 62 1 71 1. 86 2. 34 2% / 2 2. 25 6. 44 5. 56 5, 27 6. 59 5i79...

Peters, Doyle Burne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

20

Time varying arctic climate change amplification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the past 130 years the global mean surface air temperature has risen by about 0.75 K. Due to feedbacks -- including the snow/ice albedo feedback -- the warming in the Arctic is expected to proceed at a faster rate than the global average. Climate model simulations suggest that this Arctic amplification produces warming that is two to three times larger than the global mean. Understanding the Arctic amplification is essential for projections of future Arctic climate including sea ice extent and melting of the Greenland ice sheet. We use the temperature records from the Arctic stations to show that (a) the Arctic amplification is larger at latitudes above 700 N compared to those within 64-70oN belt, and that, surprisingly; (b) the ratio of the Arctic to global rate of temperature change is not constant but varies on the decadal timescale. This time dependence will affect future projections of climate changes in the Arctic.

Chylek, Petr [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dubey, Manvendra K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lesins, Glen [DALLHOUSIE U; Wang, Muyin [NOAA/JISAO

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Next MECS will be fielded in 2015 Table 6.1 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios; Unit: Varies. Consumption Consumption per Dollar Consumption per Dollar of Value NAICS per Employee of Value Added of Shipments Code(a) Subsector and Industry (million Btu) (thousand Btu) (thousand Btu) Total United States 311 Food 871.7 4.3 1.8 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 6,239.5 10.5 3.6 311221 Wet Corn Milling 28,965.0 27.1 12.6 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 7,755.9 32.6 13.4 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 861.3 4.8 2.2 3115 Dairy Products 854.8 3.5 1.1 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 442.9 3.5 1.2 312

22

Cost-Effectiveness Ratio  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cost?effectiveness ratio (CER) is a calculation that summarizes the intervention's net cost and effectiveness. The three types of CER are: the average cost?effectiveness ratio (ACER), the marginal cost?...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Local Varying-Alpha Theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent paper we demonstrated how the simplest model for varying alpha may be interpreted as the effect of a dielectric material, generalized to be consistent with Lorentz invariance. Unlike normal dielectrics, such a medium cannot change the speed of light, and its dynamics obey a Klein-Gordon equation. This work immediately suggests an extension of the standard theory, even if we require compliance with Lorentz invariance. Instead of a wave equation, the dynamics may satisfy a local algebraic relation involving the permittivity and the properties of the electromagnetic field, in analogy with more conventional dielectric (but still preserving Lorentz invariance). We develop the formalism for such theories and investigate some phenomenological implications. The problem of the divergence of the classical self-energy can be solved, or at least softened, in this framework. Some interesting new cosmological solutions for the very early universe are found, including the possibility of a bounce, inflation and expansion with a loitering phase, all of which are induced by early variations in alpha.

John D. Barrow; Joao Magueijo

2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

24

EMSL - isotopic ratio  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

isotopic-ratio en Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublicationsmagnesium-behavior-and-structural-def...

25

Impact of the energy loss spatial profile and shear viscosity to entropy density ratio for the Mach cone vs. head shock signals produced by a fast moving parton in a quark-gluon plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute the energy and momentum deposited by a fast moving parton in a quark-gluon plasma using linear viscous hydrodynamics with an energy loss per unit length profile proportional to the path length and with different values of the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio. We show that when varying these parameters, the transverse modes still dominate over the longitudinal ones and thus energy and momentum is preferentially deposited along the head-shock, as in the case of a constant energy loss per unit length profile and the lowest value for the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio.

Alejandro Ayala; Jorge David Castano-Yepes; Isabel Dominguez; Maria Elena Tejeda-Yeomans

2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

26

ARM - Measurement - Isotope ratio  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsIsotope ratio govMeasurementsIsotope ratio ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Isotope ratio Ratio of stable isotope concentrations. Categories Atmospheric Carbon, Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments FLASK : Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes Field Campaign Instruments FLASK : Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes Datastreams FLASK : Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes

27

API unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API unit [An arbitrary unit of the American Petroleum Institute for measuring natural radioactivity; used in certain well logging methods] ? API-Einheit f

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

System Identification: Time Varying and Nonlinear Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the choice of the generalized time varying ARX model (GTV-ARX) can be set to realize a time varying dead beat observer. Methods to use the developed algorithm(s) in this research are then considered for application to the identification of system models...

Majji, Manoranjan

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

29

Fractal analysis of time varying data  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Characteristics of time varying data, such as an electrical signal, are analyzed by converting the data from a temporal domain into a spatial domain pattern. Fractal analysis is performed on the spatial domain pattern, thereby producing a fractal dimension D.sub.F. The fractal dimension indicates the regularity of the time varying data.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Sadana, Ajit (Oxford, MS)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

UNIT NUMBER:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

193 UNIT NUMBER: 197 UNIT NAME: CONCRETE RUBBLE PILE (30) REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Outside plant security fence, north of the plant on Big Bayou Creek on private property....

31

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 UNIT NUMBER UNIT NAME Rubble oile 41 REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Butler Lake Dam, West end of Butler Lake top 20 ft wide, 10 ft APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 200 ft long, base 30...

32

Solar mass-varying neutrino oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose that the solar neutrino deficit may be due to oscillations of mass-varying neutrinos (MaVaNs). This scenario elucidates solar neutrino data beautifully while remaining comfortably compatible with atmospheric neutrino and K2K data...

Marfatia, Danny; Huber, P.; Barger, V.

2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

33

Note on Varying Speed of Light Cosmologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The various requirements on a consistent varying speed of light (`VSL') theory are surveyed, giving a short check-list of issues that should be satisfactorily handled by such theories.

George F R Ellis

2007-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

34

3D-Printing Spatially Varying BRDFs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new method fabricates custom surface reflectance and spatially varying bidirectional reflectance distribution functions (svBRDFs). Researchers optimize a microgeometry for a range of normal distribution functions and simulate the resulting surface's ... Keywords: Three-dimensional displays,Printing,Fabrication,Computational modeling,Solid modeling,Printers,Face recognition,computer graphics,bidirectional reflectance distribution function,BRDF,spatially varying bidirectional reflectance distribution function,svBRDF,3D printing,normal distribution function,NDF,microgeometry,surface reflectance

Olivier Rouiller; Bernd Bickel; Wojciech Matusik; Marc Alexa; Jan Kautz

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Peak power ratio generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A peak power ratio generator is described for measuring, in combination with a conventional power meter, the peak power level of extremely narrow pulses in the gigahertz radio frequency bands. The present invention in a preferred embodiment utilizes a tunnel diode and a back diode combination in a detector circuit as the only high speed elements. The high speed tunnel diode provides a bistable signal and serves as a memory device of the input pulses for the remaining, slower components. A hybrid digital and analog loop maintains the peak power level of a reference channel at a known amount. Thus, by measuring the average power levels of the reference signal and the source signal, the peak power level of the source signal can be determined.

Moyer, Robert D. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

174 10 12 92 UNIT NAME: C-745-K Low Level Storage Area REGULATORY STAU: -AOC LOCATION: Inside Security Fence , South of C-333 Cascade Building. APPROXIMATE...

37

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 UNIT NAME C-611 Underaround Diesel Tank REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Immediately southeast of C-611 APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 1000 gallon FUNCTION: Diesel storage OPERATIONAL...

38

UNIT NUMBER:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 KOW Toluene SDill Area UNIT NAME: REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Southwest of plant site APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 200 feet wide by 800 feet ong FUNCTION: Storage of Toluene...

39

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 UNIT NAME C-746-Al REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Northwest corner of C-746-A APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 4000 gallons FUNCTION: Underground storage tanks OPERATIONAL STATUS:...

40

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 UNIT NAME C-611 Underaround Gasoline Tank REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Immediately east of C-61l APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 50 ga on FUNCTION: Gasoline storage OPERATIONAL...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Building 9213 ? A long and varied history  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(1870-1965) presented to the United Nations on June 14, 1946, was intended to control the mining of uranium and the production of plutonium. Of course the USSR rejected the plan....

42

Singularities of varying light speed cosmologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the possible singularities of isotropic cosmological models that have a varying speed of light as well as a varying gravitational constant. The field equations typically reduce to two dimensional systems which are then analyzed both by dynamical systems techniques in phase space and by applying the method of asymptotic splittings. In the general case we find initially expanding closed models which recollapse to a future singularity and open universes that are eternally expanding towards the future. The precise nature of the singularities is also discussed.

John Miritzis; Spiros Cotsakis

2006-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

43

Grid Parity for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

local electricity prices, and various incentives. As a result, for a country like the United States, where these factors vary regionally, there can be considerable variation in...

44

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Table 6.1 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2006 Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios Unit: Varies. Consumption Consumption per Dollar Consumption per Dollar of Value NAICS per Employee of Value Added of Shipments Code(a) Subsector and Industry (million Btu) (thousand Btu) (thousand Btu) Total United States 311 Food 879.8 5.0 2.2 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 6,416.6 17.5 5.7 311221 Wet Corn Milling 21,552.1 43.6 18.2 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 6,629.2 31.3 12.2 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 1,075.3 5.5 2.8 3115 Dairy Products 956.3 4.3 1.3 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 493.8 4.4 1.6 312

45

Energy Profit Ratio Compared  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We need more oil energy to take out oil under the ground. Limit resources make us consider other candidates of energy source instead of oil. Electricity shall be the main role more and more like electric vehicles and air conditioners so we should consider electricity generation ways. When we consider what kind of electric power generation is the best or suitable, we should not only power generation plant but whole process from mining to power generation. It is good way to use EPR, Energy Profit Ratio, to analysis which type is more efficient and which part is to do research and development when you see the input breakdown analysis. Electricity by the light water nuclear power plant, the hydrogen power plant and the geothermal power plant are better candidates from EPR analysis. Forecasting the world primly energy supply in 2050, it is said that the demand will be double of the demand in 2000 and the supply will not be able to satisfy the demand in 2050. We should save 30% of the demand and increase nuclear power plants 3.5 times more and recyclable energy like hydropower plants 3 times more. When the nuclear power plants are 3.5 times more then uranium peak will come and we will need breed uranium. I will analysis the EPR of FBR. Conclusion: A) the EPR of NPS in Japan is 17.4 and it is the best of all. B) Many countries will introduce new nuclear power plants rapidly may be 3.5 times in 2050. C) Uranium peak will happen around 2050. (author)

Amano, Osamu [2-11-1, Iwado Kita, Komae-shi, Tokyo 201-8511 (Japan)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Columbia University Varying Electron Cyclotron ResonanceVarying Electron Cyclotron Resonance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

currently via two electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) sources: 2.5 kW at 2.45 GHz and 2.5 kW at 6 and heated via electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH).electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRHColumbia University Varying Electron Cyclotron ResonanceVarying Electron Cyclotron Resonance

47

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

- I - I United States Department of Energy D lSCk Al M E R "This book was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency

48

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 UNIT NAME C-333 North Side PCB Soil Contamination REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: North side of C-333 Building APPROXIMATE OIMENSIONS: 150 ft by 100 ft FUNCTION: Dust Palliative...

49

UNIT NUMBER:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 KPDES Outfall Ditch 017 Flume- Soil Backfill UNIT NAME: - REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: South of plant on the west side of the access road APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 30 feet wide...

50

UNIT NUMBER:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 C-617-A Sanitarv Waterline- Soil Backfill UNIT NAME: - REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Between southeast corner of C-531 Switchyard and C-617-A Water Treatment Facility. 4 feet...

51

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 UNIT NAME C-720 Inactive TCE Oegreaser REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: C-720 Building APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: Approx. 10 ft by 10 ft by 20 f1: deep FUNCTION: Used for cleaning...

52

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 UNIT NAME Rubble Dile 46 REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: 2000 ft southwest of curve on Kentucky Highway 473- near east end of Mitchell Lake APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: About 100 ft...

53

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 UNIT NAME Rubble oile 45 REGULATORY STATUS AOC LOCATION: West end of Mitche Lake APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 2000 ft long, ft thick 4 ft wide FUNCTION: Control erosion on face of dam...

54

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 UNIT NAME Rubble Dile 43 REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: West end of Happy Ho ow Lake APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 200 ft long by 4 ft wide -concrete 4-6 in thickness FUNCTION:...

55

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 UNIT NAME C-740 TCE Soill Site REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Northwest corner C-740 concrete pad area) APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 5 ft by 5 ft spill FUNCTION: Drum storage area...

56

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 C-I00 South Side Berms UNIT NAME REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: South Side C-IOO APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 2 berms approximately 200 ft long by SO ft wide eac FUNCTION:...

57

UNIT NUMBER:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 UNIT NAME: C-331 PCB Soil Contamination -West Side REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: West side C-331 building APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 100 feet wide by 420 feet long FUNCTION: Dust...

58

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 C-750B Diesel UST UNIT NAME REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Southeast corner of C-750 APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 10,000 gallon FUNCTION: Diesel storage OPERATIONAL STATUS: Removed...

59

UNIT NUMBER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 UNIT NAME C-633 PCB So111 Site REGULATORY STATUS CERCLA LOCATION C-633 Transformer area (Mac location 75) APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS I Unknown FUNCTION Soill site OPERATIONAL STATUS...

60

Fission Product Ratios as Treaty Monitoring Discriminants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) is currently under construction. The IMS is intended for monitoring of nuclear explosions. The radionuclide branch of the IMS monitors the atmosphere for short-lived radioisotopes indicative of a nuclear weapon test, and includes field collection and measurement stations, as well as laboratories to provide reanalysis of the most important samples and a quality control function. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Washington hosts the United States IMS laboratory, with the designation “RL16.” Since acute reactor containment failures and chronic reactor leakage may also produce similar isotopes, it is tempting to compute ratios of detected isotopes to determine the relevance of an event to the treaty or agreement in question. In this paper we will note several shortcomings of simple isotopic ratios: (1) fractionation of different chemical species, (2) difficulty in comparing isotopes within a single element, (3) the effect of unknown decay times. While these shortcomings will be shown in the light of an aerosol sample, several of the problems extend to xenon isotopic ratios. The result of the difficulties listed above is that considerable human expertise will be required to convert a simple mathematical ratio into a criterion which will reliably categorize an event as ‘reactor’ or ‘weapon’.

Miley, Harry S.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Arthur, Richard J.

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Plasma Wave Reflection in Slowly Varying Media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two mathematical formalisms are presented to describe wave reflection in a slowly varying spatially inhomogeneous thermal plasma described by the Vlasov equation. It is found that the transmitted wave which is the Wentzel?Kramer?Brillouin solution and the reflected wave can be expressed in terms of the local dielectric properties of the medium. In a numerical example it is shown that the intrinsic thermal properties of the plasma can supply reflection mechanisms that compete with the reflection coefficient predicted when the plasma is described by fluid equations.

H. L. Berk; C. W. Horton; M. N. Rosenbluth; R. N. Sudan

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Office of Research and EPA 600/R-941209 Environmental Protection Development January 1993 Agency Washington, DC 20460 Offsite Environmental 57,,7 Monitoring Report Radiation Monitoring Around United States Nuclear Test Areas, Calendar Year 1992 UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING SYSTEMS LABORATORY-LAS VEGAS P.O. BOX 93478 LAS VEGAS. NEVADA 891 93-3478 702/798-2100 Dear Reader: Since 1954, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its predecessor the U.S, Public Health Service (PHs) has conducted radiological monitoring in the offsite areas around United States nuclear test areas. The primary objective of this monitoring has been the protection of the health and safety of

63

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

BP Energy Company BP Energy Company OE Docket No. EA- 3 14 Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Mexico Order No. EA-3 14 February 22,2007 BP Energy Company Order No. EA-314 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 301(b) and 402(Q of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7 15 l(b), 7172(f)) and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C.S24a(e)) . On May 22,2006, BP Energy Company (BP Energy) applied to DOE for an authorization to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico as a power marketer. BP Energy proposes to purchase surplus electric energy from electric utilities and other suppliers within the United States and to export that energy to ~Mexico. The cnergy

64

TOKAMAK REACTOR DESIGNS AS A FUNCTION OF ASPECT RATIO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GA­A23168 TOKAMAK REACTOR DESIGNS AS A FUNCTION OF ASPECT RATIO by C.P.C. WONG and R.D. STAMBAUGH or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. #12;GA­A23168 TOKAMAK REACTOR DESIGNS JULY 1999 #12;C.P.C. WONG AND R.D. STAMBAUGH TOKAMAK REACTOR DESIGNS AS A FUNCTION OF ASPECT RATIO

California at Los Angeles, University of

65

Optimization Online - Varying the Population Size of Artificial ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 2, 2005 ... Varying the Population Size of Artificial Foraging Swarms on Time Varying ... Abstract: Swarm Intelligence (SI) is the property of a system ...

Carlos Fernandes

2005-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

66

Implications of Fast Reactor Transuranic Conversion Ratio  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theoretically, the transuranic conversion ratio (CR), i.e. the transuranic production divided by transuranic destruction, in a fast reactor can range from near zero to about 1.9, which is the average neutron yield from Pu239 minus 1. In practice, the possible range will be somewhat less. We have studied the implications of transuranic conversion ratio of 0.0 to 1.7 using the fresh and discharge fuel compositions calculated elsewhere. The corresponding fissile breeding ratio ranges from 0.2 to 1.6. The cases below CR=1 (“burners”) do not have blankets; the cases above CR=1 (“breeders”) have breeding blankets. The burnup was allowed to float while holding the maximum fluence to the cladding constant. We graph the fuel burnup and composition change. As a function of transuranic conversion ratio, we calculate and graph the heat, gamma, and neutron emission of fresh fuel; whether the material is “attractive” for direct weapon use using published criteria; the uranium utilization and rate of consumption of natural uranium; and the long-term radiotoxicity after fuel discharge. For context, other cases and analyses are included, primarily once-through light water reactor (LWR) uranium oxide fuel at 51 MWth-day/kg-iHM burnup (UOX-51). For CR<1, the heat, gamma, and neutron emission increase as material is recycled. The uranium utilization is at or below 1%, just as it is in thermal reactors as both types of reactors require continuing fissile support. For CR>1, heat, gamma, and neutron emission decrease with recycling. The uranium utilization exceeds 1%, especially as all the transuranic elements are recycled. exceeds 1%, especially as all the transuranic elements are recycled. At the system equilibrium, heat and gamma vary by somewhat over an order of magnitude as a function of CR. Isotopes that dominate heat and gamma emission are scattered throughout the actinide chain, so the modest impact of CR is unsurprising. Neutron emitters are preferentially found among the higher actinides, so the neutron emission varies much stronger with CR, about three orders of magnitude.

Steven J. Piet; Edward A. Hoffman; Samuel E. Bays

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

WASHINGTON, TUESDAY, JUNE 28, 1983 @nngmeional Ruord United States of America .__ -- . . ,- PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 9@ CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION United States Government Printing Office SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS Washmgton, D C 20402 OFFICIAL BUSINESS Penalty Ior pwate use. $xX Congresstonal Record (USPS 087-390) Postage and Fees Pad U S Government Prlnhng 0ffv.X 375 SECOND CLASS NEWSPAPER H.4578 ' C.QNGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE June 28, 1983 H.J. Res. 273: Mr. BOUND. Mr. W~.XMAN. Mr. OBERSTAR, Mr. BEDELL. Mr. BONER of Tennessee, Mr. OWENS. Mr. DAUB, Mr. CONTE. Mr. RAHALL; Mr. GRAY, Mr. VANDER JACT. Mr. TRAKLER, and Mr. Vxrrro. H. Con. Res. 107: Mr. KASICH. Mr. AUCOIN. Mr. CARPER, and Mr. SIZHFIJER. H. Con. Res. 118: Mr. FISH. Mr. LANTOS.

68

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ongrees;ional Record ongrees;ional Record United States of America __._ -.. I. :- PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 9tth CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION United States Government Printing Office SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS Washmcqton. Cl C 20402 OFFICIAL BUSINESS Penalty Ior pwate use. $300 Congressmal Record (USPS 087-390) Postage and Fees Pad U S Governme3n:jPnntmg OfIce SECOND CLASS NEWSPAPER H.4578 ' June 28, 1983 -: I H.J. Res. 273: Mr. BOLAND, Mr. WA-. Mr. OBERSTAFC, M' r. BEDELL, Mr. BONER of Tennessee, Mr. OWENS. Mr. DAUB. Mr. CONTE. Mr. RAHALL,. Mr. GRAY, Mr. VANDER JAGT. Mr. TRAKLER. and Mr. VENTO. H. Con. Res. iO7: Mr. KASICH. Mr. ALCOIN. Mr. CARPER. and Mr. SCHEUER. H. Con. Res. 118: Mr. FISH, Mr. LANTOS. Mr. KILDEE. Mr. SOLARZ Mr. Bmrr, Mr. BELWLL, Mr. RANG~L, Mr. DYMALLY. Mr.

69

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

E-T Global Energy, LLC E-T Global Energy, LLC OE Docket No. EA-381 Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Mexico Order No. EA-381 June 10, 2011 I. BACKGROUND E-T Global Energy, LLC Order No. EA-381 Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 301(b) and 402(f) of the Department ofEnergy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7151(b), 7172(f)) and require authorization under section 202(e) ofthe Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C.824a(e)) 1 * On May 10,2011, DOE received an application from E-T Global Energy, LLC (E-T Global) for authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico for five years as a power marketer using existing international transmission facilities. E-

70

Two-Stage Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) System to Increase Efficiency in Gasoline Powertrains  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presents two-stage variable compression ratio mechanism realized by varying the connecting rod length, description of the system layout, working principle and expected fuel savings benefits when used in current and future gasoline engine concepts

71

Mass Varying Neutrinos in the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we study the phenomenological consequences of the dependence of mass varying neutrinos on the neutrino density in the Sun, which we precisely compute in each point along the neutrino trajectory. We find that a generic characteristic of these scenarios is that they establish a connection between the effective Delta m^2 in the Sun and the absolute neutrino mass scale. This does not lead to any new allowed region in the oscillation parameter space. On the contrary, due to this effect, the description of solar neutrino data worsens for large absolute mass. As a consequence a lower bound on the level of degeneracy can be derived from the combined analysis of the solar and KamLAND data. In particular this implies that the analysis favours normal over inverted mass orderings. These results, in combination with a positive independent determination of the absolute neutrino mass, can be used as a test of these scenarios together with a precise determination of the energy dependence of the survival probability of solar neutrinos, in particular for low energies.

Marco Cirelli; M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; Carlos Pena-Garay

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

72

The orifice expansion correction for a 50 mm line size at various diameter ratios  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The expansion coefficient or factor for a compressible flowmeter corrects for the change in pressure and density as the fluid is accelerated through the flowmeter. The expansion correction currently in use in the United States and also in other countries was developed over fifty years ago by Buckingham and Bean. More recent work reported by Kinghorn shows the equation currently in use to be in error. This paper describes the results of a test program to determine the expansion factors for flange-tapped sharp-edged orifices with diameter ratios between 0.242 and 0.726 in a nominal 50 mm (2 inch) line. Critical flow Venturis are used as the reference standards and dry air as the flowing fluid. The ratio of differential pressure to inlet static pressure is varied over a range of zero to about 0.2 at a constant Reynolds number. The expansion factor is determined form the apparent change in discharge coefficient at a constant Reynolds number.

Seidl, W. [Colorado Engineering Experiment Station, Inc., Nunn, CO (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

73

ARM - Measurement - Backscatter depolarization ratio  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsBackscatter depolarization ratio govMeasurementsBackscatter depolarization ratio ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Backscatter depolarization ratio The ratio of cross polarized to co-polarized elastic backscatter. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments HSRL : High Spectral Resolution Lidar RL : Raman Lidar Field Campaign Instruments HSRL : High Spectral Resolution Lidar MIRAI : JAMSTEC Research Vessel Mirai MPL-AIR : Micropulse Lidar- Airborne

74

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5 5 United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CC-1-I Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives served through the facilities of Carolina Power & Light Company, Western Division (hereinafter called the Customers). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and sold in wholesale quantities. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating

75

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TexMex Energy, LLC TexMex Energy, LLC OE Docket No. EA-294-A Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Mexico Order No. EA-294-A February 22, 2007 TexMex Energy, LLC Order No. EA-294-A I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign count~y are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 301(b) and 402(f) of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7 15 1 (b), 71 72(f)) and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C.824a(e)) . On August 25,2004, DOE issued Order No. EA-294 authorizing TexMex Energy LLC (TexMex) to transmit electric energy fiom the United States to Mexico as a power marketer. That authority expired on August 25, 2006. On September 8, 2006, TexMex applied to renew the electricity export authority

76

United States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

United States United States Coal ................................................ 4,367 4,077 4,747 4,181 4,473 4,125 4,983 4,330 4,414 4,003 4,796 4,178 4,344 4,479 4,348 Natural Gas .................................... 2,802 2,843 3,694 2,863 2,713 2,880 3,636 2,707 2,792 2,972 3,815 2,849 3,052 2,986 3,109 Petroleum (a) .................................. 74 73 81 67 73 70 75 66 75 70 76 66 74 71 71 Other Gases ................................... 32 33 36 32 32 34 37 33 33 35 39 34 33 34 35 Nuclear ........................................... 2,176 2,044 2,257 2,170 2,106 2,037 2,167 2,010 2,144 2,074 2,206 2,055 2,162 2,080 2,120 Renewable Energy Sources: Conventional Hydropower ........... 736 886 716 633 765 887 708 646 767 919 729 659 742 751 768 Wind ............................................ 491 520 353 449 477 521 379 475

77

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tenaslta Power Services Co. Tenaslta Power Services Co. OE Docket No. EA-243-A Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Canada Order No. EA-243-A March 1,2007 Tenaska Power Services Co. Order No. EA-243-A I. BACKGROUND Exports of elcctricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 30 I(b) and 402(f) of the Departrncnt of' Energy Organizatio~l Act (42 U, S.C. 7 15 1 (b), 7 1 72Cf)) and rcquirc authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) ( Z 6 U. s.c.824a(e)j1. On August 16,2001, DOE issued Order No. EA-243 authorizing Tenaska Power Scrvices Co. (Tenaska) to transmit electric cncrgy from the United States to Canada as a power marketer. That authority expired on August 16,2003. On August 14,2006, Teilaska applied to renew the electricity export authority

78

A Model of Varying Fine Structure Constant and Varying Speed of Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent evidence for a cosmological evolution of the fine structure constant \\alpha=e^2/\\hbar c found from an analysis of absorption systems in the spectra of distant quasars, is modelled by a cosmological scenario in which it is assumed that only the speed of light varies. The model fits the spectral line data and can also lead to a solution of the initial value problems in cosmology.

J. W. Moffat

2001-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

79

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 7 United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CTV-1-H Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to the Tennessee Valley Authority (hereinafter called TVA). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy generated at the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Old Hickory, Cheatham, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and the Laurel Project sold under agreement between the Department of Energy and TVA. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating current at a frequency of approximately 60 hertz at the outgoing terminals of the Cumberland

80

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CTVI-1-A Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to customers (hereinafter called the Customer) who are or were formerly in the Tennessee Valley Authority (hereinafter called TVA) service area. Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy generated at the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Old Hickory, Cheatham, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and the Laurel Project sold under agreement between the Department of Energy and the Customer. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

UNITED STATES  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

f).~<~~ \--\c :y-,ai F p"- KG f).~<~~ \--\c :y-,ai F p"- KG WASHINOTDN 28.0. C. ' -lr ' \ ' ' --- ".I ?--" ' z I. .~;-4.' J frr*o& 2 ii, - - -4 70-147 LRL:JCD JAN !! 8 1958 Oregon Metallurgical Corporation P. 0. Box 484 Albany, Oregon Attention: Mr. Stephen M. Shelton General Manager Gentlemen: Enclosed is Special Nuclear Material License No. SNM-144, as amended. Very 33uly yours, r:; I,;, ll)~gQ""d".- Lyall Johnson Chief, Licensing Branch Division of Licensing & Regulation Enclosure: SNM-144, as amended Distribution: bRO0 Attn: Dr. H.M.Roth DFMusser NMM MMMann INS JCRyan FIN (2) HSteele LRL SRGustavson LRL Document room Formal file Suppl. file Br & Div rf's ' .b liwwArry s/VW- ' q+ ' yj/ 2; 2-' , COP' 1 J JAM01958 -- UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION

82

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule JW-2-F Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to the Florida Power Corporation (or Progress Energy Florida, hereinafter called the Company). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric energy generated at the Jim Woodruff Project (hereinafter called the Project) and sold to the Company in wholesale quantities. Points of Delivery: Power sold to the Company by the Government will be delivered at the connection of the Company's transmission system with the Project bus. Character of Service: Electric power delivered to the Company will be three-phase alternating current at a nominal frequency of 60 cycles per second.

83

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Bangor Hydro-Electric Company OE Docket No. PP-89-1 Amendment to Presidential Permit Order No. PP-89-1 December 30,2005 PRESIDENTIAL PERMIT AMENDMENT Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Order No. PP-89-1 I. BACKGROUND The Department of Energy (DOE) has responsibility for implementing Executive Order (E.O.) 10485, as amended by E.O. 12038, which requires the issuance of a Presidential permit by DOE before electric trans~nission facilities may be constructed, operated, maintained, or connected at the borders of the United States. DOE may issue such a permit if it determines that the permit is in the public interest and after obtaining favorable recommendations from the U.S. Departments of State and Defense. On December 16, 1988, Bangor Hydro-Electric Company (BHE) applied to DOE

84

Size Ratio Effects on Interparticle Interactions and Phase Behavior of Microsphere-Nanoparticle Mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Size Ratio Effects on Interparticle Interactions and Phase Behavior of Microsphere-Nanoparticle and phase behavior of microsphere-nanoparticle mixtures of high charge asymmetry and varying size ratio. In the absence of nanoparticles, negligibly charged microspheres flocculate as a result of van der Waals

Lewis, Jennifer

85

Termination unit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to a termination unit comprising an end-section of a cable. The end section of the cable defines a central longitudinal axis and comprising end-parts of N electrical phases, an end-part of a neutral conductor and a surrounding thermally insulation envelope adapted to comprising a cooling fluid. The end-parts of the N electrical phases and the end-part of the neutral conductor each comprising at least one electrical conductor and being arranged in the cable concentrically around a core former with a phase 1 located relatively innermost, and phase N relatively outermost in the cable, phase N being surrounded by the neutral conductor, electrical insulation being arrange between neighboring electrical phases and between phase N and the neutral conductor, and wherein the end-parts of the neutral conductor and the electrical phases each comprise a contacting surface electrically connected to at least one branch current lead to provide an electrical connection: The contacting surfaces each having a longitudinal extension, and being located sequentially along the longitudinal extension of the end-section of the cable. The branch current leads being individually insulated from said thermally insulation envelope by individual electrical insulators.

Traeholt, Chresten [Frederiksberg, DK; Willen, Dag [Klagshamn, SE; Roden, Mark [Newnan, GA; Tolbert, Jerry C [Carrollton, GA; Lindsay, David [Carrollton, GA; Fisher, Paul W [Heiskell, TN; Nielsen, Carsten Thidemann [Jaegerspris, DK

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

86

Envera Variable Compression Ratio Engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aggressive engine downsizing, variable compression ratio and use of the Atkinson cycle are being combined to improve fuel economy by up to 40 percent relative to port fuel injected gasoline engines, while maintaining full engine power. Approach Engine downsizing is viewed by US and foreign automobile manufacturers as one of the best options for improving fuel economy. While this strategy has already demonstrated a degree of success, downsizing and fuel economy gains are currently limited. With new variable compression ratio technology however, the degree of engine downsizing and fuel economy improvement can be greatly increased. A small variable compression ratio (VCR) engine has the potential to return significantly higher vehicle fuel economy while also providing high power. Affordability and potential for near term commercialization are key attributes of the Envera VCR engine. VCR Technology To meet torque and power requirements, a smaller engine needs to do more work per stroke. This is typically accomplished by boosting the incoming charge with either a turbo or supercharger so that more energy is present in the cylinder per stroke to do the work. With current production engines the degree of engine boosting (which correlates to downsizing) is limited by detonation (combustion knock) at high boost levels. Additionally, the turbo or supercharger needs to be responsive and efficient while providing the needed boost. VCR technology eliminates the limitation of engine knock at high load levels by reducing compression ratio to {approx}9:1 (or whatever level is appropriate) when high boost pressures are needed. By reducing the compression ratio during high load demand periods there is increased volume in the cylinder at top dead center (TDC) which allows more charge (or energy) to be present in the cylinder without increasing the peak pressure. Cylinder pressure is thus kept below the level at which the engine would begin to knock. When loads on the engine are low the compression ratio can be raised (to as much as 18:1) providing high engine efficiency. It is important to recognize that for a well designed VCR engine cylinder pressure does not need to be higher than found in current production turbocharged engines. As such, there is no need for a stronger crankcase, bearings and other load bearing parts within the VCR engine. The Envera VCR mechanism uses an eccentric carrier approach to adjust engine compression ratio. The crankshaft main bearings are mounted in this eccentric carrier or 'crankshaft cradle' and pivoting the eccentric carrier 30 degrees adjusts compression ratio from 9:1 to 18:1. The eccentric carrier is made up of a casting that provides rigid support for the main bearings, and removable upper bearing caps. Oil feed to the main bearings transits through the bearing cap fastener sockets. The eccentric carrier design was chosen for its low cost and rigid support of the main bearings. A control shaft and connecting links are used to pivot the eccentric carrier. The control shaft mechanism features compression ratio lock-up at minimum and maximum compression ratio settings. The control shaft method of pivoting the eccentric carrier was selected due to its lock-up capability. The control shaft can be rotated by a hydraulic actuator or an electric motor. The engine shown in Figures 3 and 4 has a hydraulic actuator that was developed under the current program. In-line 4-cylinder engines are significantly less expensive than V engines because an entire cylinder head can be eliminated. The cost savings from eliminating cylinders and an entire cylinder head will notably offset the added cost of the VCR and supercharging. Replacing V6 and V8 engines with in-line VCR 4-cylinder engines will provide high fuel economy at low cost. Numerous enabling technologies exist which have the potential to increase engine efficiency. The greatest efficiency gains are realized when the right combination of advanced and new technologies are packaged together to provide the greatest gains at the least cost. Aggressive engine downsiz

Charles Mendler

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

Varying electric charge in multi-scale spacetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the covariant equations of motion for Maxwell field theory and electrodynamics in multi-scale spacetimes with weighted Laplacian. An effective spacetime-dependent electric charge of geometric origin naturally emerges from the theory, thus giving rise to a varying fine-structure constant. The theory is compared with other varying-coupling models, such as those with a varying electric charge or varying speed of light. The theory is also confronted with cosmological observations, which can place constraints on the characteristic scales in the multi-fractional measure. We note that the model considered here is fundamentally different from those previously proposed in the literature, either of the varying-e or varying-c persuasion.

Calcagni, Gianluca; Fernández, David Rodríguez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Temporal variability of uranium concentrations and 234 activity ratios in the Mississippi river and its tributaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal variability of uranium concentrations and 234 U/238 U activity ratios in the Mississippi Department of Geology and Geophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77845, United States c/238 U activity ratios and total dissolved uranium concentrations in the Lower Mississippi River at New

89

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Fuels Used and End Uses in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings...

90

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Household Demographics of U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings...

91

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Asked (Apartments in Buildings" "With 5 or More Units)",19.1,5.8,6.2,2.8,2.8,1.5 "FoundationBasement of Single-Family" "Units and Apartments in Buildings With" "2 to 4 Units...

92

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Not Asked (Apartments in Buildings" "With 5 or More Units)",19.1,4.4,3.7,6.2,4.7 "FoundationBasement of Single-Family" "Units and Apartments in Buildings With" "2 to 4 Units...

93

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Not Asked (Apartments in Buildings" "With 5 or More Units)",19.1,9.6,5,2.2,1.5,0.8 "FoundationBasement of Single-Family" "Units and Apartments in Buildings With" "2 to 4 Units...

94

Weather-Corrected Performance Ratio  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) system performance depends on both the quality of the system and the weather. One simple way to communicate the system performance is to use the performance ratio (PR): the ratio of the electricity generated to the electricity that would have been generated if the plant consistently converted sunlight to electricity at the level expected from the DC nameplate rating. The annual system yield for flat-plate PV systems is estimated by the product of the annual insolation in the plane of the array, the nameplate rating of the system, and the PR, which provides an attractive way to estimate expected annual system yield. Unfortunately, the PR is, again, a function of both the PV system efficiency and the weather. If the PR is measured during the winter or during the summer, substantially different values may be obtained, making this metric insufficient to use as the basis for a performance guarantee when precise confidence intervals are required. This technical report defines a way to modify the PR calculation to neutralize biases that may be introduced by variations in the weather, while still reporting a PR that reflects the annual PR at that site given the project design and the project weather file. This resulting weather-corrected PR gives more consistent results throughout the year, enabling its use as a metric for performance guarantees while still retaining the familiarity this metric brings to the industry and the value of its use in predicting actual annual system yield. A testing protocol is also presented to illustrate the use of this new metric with the intent of providing a reference starting point for contractual content.

Dierauf, T.; Growitz, A.; Kurtz, S.; Cruz, J. L. B.; Riley, E.; Hansen, C.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Poisson's Ratio and the Densification of Glass under High Pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because of a relatively low atomic packing density, (C{sub g}) glasses experience significant densification under high hydrostatic pressure. Poisson's ratio ({nu}) is correlated to C{sub g} and typically varies from 0.15 for glasses with low C{sub g} such as amorphous silica to 0.38 for close-packed atomic networks such as in bulk metallic glasses. Pressure experiments were conducted up to 25 GPa at 293 K on silica, soda-lime-silica, chalcogenide, and bulk metallic glasses. We show from these high-pressure data that there is a direct correlation between {nu} and the maximum post-decompression density change.

Rouxel, T.; Ji, H. [Applied Mechanics Laboratory of the University of Rennes 1, LARMAUR, Universite de Rennes 1, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes cedex (France); Hammouda, T. [Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, CNRS-OPG , Universite Blaise Pascal, 5 rue Kessler, 63038 Clermont-Ferrand cedex (France); Moreac, A. [IPR, CNRS-Universite de Rennes 1, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes cedex (France)

2008-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

96

Performance Evaluation of Surveillance Systems Under Varying Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/outdoor, different weather conditions (precipitation, wind, and brightness), different cameras of metrics. Visualization of the performance results has proven critical for understanding the weaknesses, as the weather varies, the seasons change, and the daily events unfold. Performance evaluation of automatic

Senior, Andrew

97

Comments on "Note on varying speed of light theories"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent note Ellis criticizes varying speed of light theories on the grounds of a number of foundational issues. His reflections provide us with an opportunity to clarify some fundamental matters pertaining to these theories.

Joao Magueijo; John W. Moffat

2007-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

98

Simulating Random Natural Variability in Time-Varying Atmospheric  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Simulating Random Natural Variability in Time-Varying Atmospheric Simulating Random Natural Variability in Time-Varying Atmospheric Concentrations of Toxic Gas from Pipeline Ruptures Speaker(s): David J. Wilson Date: February 4, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Jeiwon Deputy Random time series are found everywhere in nature. The Brownian motion of small particles; the price of assets (stocks) in financial markets; the diffusion of individual molecules through a membrane; the ballistic deposition of nano-particles onto a lattice substrate; and the time-varying concentration fluctuations at a point downwind from a pollution source all have a common dynamic description. All are stochastic processes where the local rate of change of the variable has a natural drift back to some equilibrium state, combined with a random fluctuating component. We will

99

Brane World Cosmologies with Varying Speed of Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study cosmologies in the Randall-Sundrum models, incorporating the possibility of time-varying speed of light and Newton's constant. The cosmologies with varying speed of light (VSL) were proposed by Moffat and by Albrecht and Magueijo as an alternative to inflation for solving the cosmological problems. We consider the case in which the speed of light varies with time after the radion or the scale of the extra dimension has been stabilized. We elaborate on the conditions under which the flatness problem and the cosmological constant problem can be resolved. We find that the RS models are more restrictive about possible desirable VSL cosmological models than the standard general relativity. Particularly, the VSL cosmologies may provide with a possible mechanism for bringing the quantum corrections to the fine-tuned brane tensions after the SUSY breaking under control.

Donam Youm

2001-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

100

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

in Buildings" "With 5 or More Units)",19.1,4.4,1,0.5,0.5,3.4,2.4,0.6,0.5 "FoundationBasement of Single-Family" "Units and Apartments in Buildings With" "2 to 4 Units...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"With 5 or More Units)",19.1,2.3,16.8,"N","N","N","N","N","N",2.3,16.8,"N","N" "FoundationBasement of Single-Family" "Units and Apartments in Buildings With" "2 to 4 Units...

102

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

in Buildings" "With 5 or More Units)",19.1,2,0.7,1.3,2.6,4.1,3.5,2.5,2.4 "FoundationBasement of Single-Family" "Units and Apartments in Buildings With" "2 to 4 Units...

103

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"With 5 or More Units)",19.1,6.2,3.5,0.5,0.5,1.1,0.6,"Q",0.7,0.4,0.2,2,1.4,0.6 "FoundationBasement of Single-Family" "Units and Apartments in Buildings With" "2 to 4 Units...

104

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Buildings" "With 5 or More Units)",19.1,4.7,0.9,0.4,0.3,"Q",0.6,0.4,"Q",3.8,2.9,0.9 "FoundationBasement of Single-Family" "Units and Apartments in Buildings With" "2 to 4 Units...

105

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

in Buildings" "With 5 or More Units)",19.1,3.7,2.7,0.9,0.6,0.3,0.9,1,0.2,0.6,0.2 "FoundationBasement of Single-Family" "Units and Apartments in Buildings With" "2 to 4 Units...

106

Unit Testing Discussion C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unit Testing Discussion C #12;Unit Test public Method is smallest unit of code Input/output transformation Test if the method does what it claims Not exactly black box testing #12;Test if (actual result Expected Computed Input #12;Functionality Computation ­ Easy to test Time based Asynchronous interaction

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

107

Unintended Effects: Varying Icon Spacing Changes Users' Visual Search Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unintended Effects: Varying Icon Spacing Changes Users' Visual Search Strategy Sarah P. Everett control items, such as buttons and icons. Because this is so ubiquitous, it is important that the visual understanding of how the visual spacing between icons affects visual search times. We constructed an experiment

Byrne, Mike

108

Switching behaviour of two-phenotype bacteria in varying environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Switching behaviour of two-phenotype bacteria in varying environment G Friedman1, P Gurevich2, S McCarthy3 and D Rachinskii3 1 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Drexel University phenotype to the other in response to variations in environmental conditions. We model a population

Fiedler, Bernold

109

Cosmologies with varying speed of light: A historical perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility that natural laws and constants may not be true constants, but vary over cosmic periods of time, has recently attracted much attention. In this paper, I provide some historical background to the issue and consider, in the form of a historical review, some of the more spectacular developments within recent years. The focus of the paper is on the hypothesis of a varying speed of light, which appeared shortly after the announcement of the expanding universe. After a brief account of the history of this hypothesis, I consider in more details the varying c theories that have appeared during the last decade and were originally introduced as an alternative to the inflationary model. These so-called varying speed of light (VSL) theories have been surprisingly popular and created a flood of physics and cosmology papers. However, they have also been severely criticized from conceptual points of view and their status is as yet uncertain. Although a research programme in development, a historical perspective on VSL cosmology may not be out of place.

Helge S. Kragh

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Abundance Ratios in Early-Type Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although evidence is accumulating that abundance ratios in galaxies are often non-solar, they are far from understood. I resume the current evidence for non-solar abundance ratios, supplementing the recent review by Worthey (1998) with some new results. It appears that the Mg/Fe abundance ratio only depends on the mass of the galaxy, not on the formation time-scale. For massive galaxies [Mg/Fe] > 0, while small galaxies show solar abundance ratios. Information about abundances of other element is scarce, but new evidence is given that [Ca/Fe] is solar, or slightly lower than solar, contrary to what is expected for an alpha-element.

Reynier Peletier

1999-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

111

Thermal photons to dileptons ratio at LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the ratio of transverse momentum (p_T) distribution of thermal photons to dileptons produced in heavy ion collisions reaches a plateau above p_T=1 GeV. We argue that the value of the ratio in the plateau region can be used to estimate the initial temperature.

Jajati K. Nayak; Jan-e Alam; Sourav Sarkar; Bikash Sinha

2007-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

112

Acoustic radiation from a plate with sinusoidally varying properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acoustic radiation produced by an infinite flat plate with sinusoidally varying properties and driven by a distributed load is presented. The plate is assumed to be thin with constant thickness but with stiffness varying sinusoidally along the axis. The analysis is an extension of the work previously reported [M. Pierucci J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Suppl. 1 79 S35 (1986)]. The analysis consists of solving the coupled fluid?structure equations with the added difficulty of having nonconstant coefficients. The system reduces to a convoluted equation which has been solved analytically. The results indicate the presence of acoustic pressure components radiating in directions that are related to the difference between the forcing function wavenumber and the wavenumber of the stiffness variation. Acoustic radiation patterns will be presented.

Mauro Pierucci

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Testing varying neutrino mass with short gamma ray bursts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we study the possibility of probing for the absolute neutrino mass and its variation with short gamma ray burst (GRB). We have calculated the flight time difference between a massive neutrino and a photon in two different approaches to the mass varying neutrinos. Firstly we parametrize the neutrino mass as a function of the redshift in a model independent way, then we consider two specific models where the neutrino mass varies during the evolution of the quintessence fields. Our calculations show in general the value of the time delay is changed substantially relative to a constant neutrino mass and is also expected to be larger than the duration time of the short GRB.

Hong Li; Zigao Dai; Xinmin Zhang

2005-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

114

Electromagnetic radiation in a time-varying background medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analytical solutions are presented for the electromagnetic radiation by an arbitrary pulsed source into a homogeneous time-varying background medium. In the constant-impedance case an explicit radiation formula is obtained for the synchronous permittivity and permeability described by any positive function of time. As might be expected, such a medium introduces significant spectral shifts and spatio-temporal modulation, which are analized here for the linear and exponential time-variations of the medium parameters. In the varying-impedance case the solution is obtained for the fourth-order polynomial time-dependence of the permittivity. In addition to the spectral shifts and modulation this spatially homogeneous medium scatters the field introducing causal echoes at the receiver location.

Budko, Neil V

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Reflectivity of cholesteric liquid crystals with spatially varying pitch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solids with spatially varying photonic structure offer gaps to light of a wider range of frequencies than do simple photonic systems. We solve numerically the field distribution in a solid cholesteric with a linearly varying inverse pitch (helical wavevector) using equations we derive for the general case. The simple idea that the position where the Bragg condition is locally satisfied is where reflection takes place is only true in part. Here, reflection is due to a region where the waves are forced to become evanescent, and the rate of variation of structure determines over which distance the waves decay and therefore how complete reflection is. The approximate local Bragg-de Vries schemes are shown to break down in detail at the edges of the gap, and an analytical estimate is given for the transmission coefficient.

S. Kutter; M. Warner

2003-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

116

The CHUVA Project how does convection vary across the Brazil?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The CHUVA Project ­ how does convection vary across the Brazil? Luiz A. T. Machado1 , Maria A. F de Previsão de Tempo e Estudos Climáticos (CPTEC), Brazil. 2. Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Brazil. 3. Departamento de Ciências e Tecnologia Espacial

Chaboureau, Jean-Pierre

117

A linear time-varying simulation of the respiratory system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Dr, Wesley E. Bolch A new approach to modeling the lung has been proposed by a Task Group of the ICRP. The methodology describes biokinetic transport processes such as mechanical clearance, epithelial absorption, and alveolar transport of inhaled... time-varying system of differential equations is derived to describe the concentration of inhaled radioactive material in each lung compartment. Using the simulation computer code BIODEP. Recently determined values of breathing rates, tidal volumes...

Hernandez, Oscar Renato

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

118

Quantum cosmology with varying speed of light and Bohmian trajectories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical trajectories for FLRW universe with varying speed of light are obtained for the cases in which the cosmological constant depends or not depend on the velocity of light. The theory is then quantized and the corresponding WDW equation is solved. It is shown that the method of causal interpretation of Bohm can be applied successfully to the theory. Finally the Bohmian trajectories are obtained and compared with the classical ones.

F. Shojai; S. Molladavoudi

2007-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

119

f(R) cosmological solutions with varying speed of light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider f(R) modified gravity theories for describing varying speed of light in a spatially flat FRW model, and find some exact solutions. Also we examine the dynamics of this model by dynamical system method assuming a LambdaCDM background and we find some exact solutions by considering the character of critical points of the theory in both formalisms. The behaviour of the speed of light is obtained.

Azam Izadi; Ali Shojai

2010-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

120

Operational indistinguishably of varying speed of light theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The varying speed of light theories have been recently proposed to solve the standard model problems and anomalies in the ultra high energy cosmic rays. These theories try to formulate a new relativity with no assumptions about the constancy of the light speed. In this regard, we study two theories and want to show that these theories are not the new theories of relativity, but only re-descriptions of Einstein's special relativity.

Nosratollah Jafari; Ahmad Shariati

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Observational constraint on the varying speed of light theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The varying speed of light (VSL) theory is controversial. It succeeds in explaining some cosmological problems, but on the other hand it is excluded by mainstream physics because it will shake the foundation of physics. In the present paper, we devote ourselves to test whether the speed of light is varying from the observational data of the type Ia Supernova, Baryon Acoustic Oscillation, Observational $H(z)$ data and Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB). We select the common form $c(t)=c_0a^n(t)$ with the contribution of dark energy and matter, where $c_0$ is the current value of speed of light, $n$ is a constant, and consequently construct a varying speed of light dark energy model (VSLDE). The combined observational data show a much trivial constraint $n=-0.0033 \\pm 0.0045$ at 68.3\\% confidence level, which indicates that the speed of light may be a constant with high significance. By reconstructing the time-variable $c(t)$, we find that the speed of light almost has no variation for redshift $z < 10^{-1}$....

Qi, Jing-Zhao; Liu, Wen-Biao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Transmission Business Unit Manager  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

(See Frequently Asked Questions for more information). Where would I be working? Western Area Power Administration Rocky Mountain Region Transmission Services, (J7300) Transmission Busiess Unit 615...

123

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

124

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Household Demographics of Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census...

125

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Fuels Used and End Uses in Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census...

126

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Household Demographics of Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

127

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

HC.1.11 Fuels Used and End Uses in Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census...

128

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census Division",,,,,,"East...

129

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in Northeast Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,,,"New England Census...

130

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Household Demographics of Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

131

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" " ",,,"East North Central Census...

132

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Fuels Used and End Uses in Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

133

BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES FISH COMMISSION. 297 mere dissolved in warm water whose temperature varied between 300  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stretclied out on frames, as i s done with the common cabinet-makers'glue. SO'.-SPAWNING OF SPRING HERICING

134

EnergyUnited - Residential Energy Efficient Heat Pump Rebate Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EnergyUnited - Residential Energy Efficient Heat Pump Rebate EnergyUnited - Residential Energy Efficient Heat Pump Rebate Program EnergyUnited - Residential Energy Efficient Heat Pump Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Maximum Rebate 2 per dwelling Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Heat Pumps (14 SEER): $150 Heat Pumps (15 SEER +): $300 Provider EnergyUnited EnergyUnited offers rebates to residential customers who upgrade to high efficiency heat pumps. Rebates range from $150 - $300, varying by efficiency. The rebate form can be found on the program website and must be completed by the installing HVAC contractor. Each unit will require a separate form in order to qualify for rebates. Systems must be

135

Metal-mass-to-light ratios of the Perseus cluster out to the virial radius  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyzed XMM-Newton data of the Perseus cluster out to $\\sim$1 Mpc, or approximately half the virial radius. Using the flux ratios of Lyalpha lines of H-like Si and S to Kalpha line of He-like Fe, the abundance ratios of Si/Fe and S/Fe of the intracluster medium (ICM) were derived using the APEC plasma code v2.0.1. The temperature dependence of the line ratio limits the systematic uncertainty in the derived abundance ratio. The Si/Fe and S/Fe in the ICM of the Perseus cluster show no radial gradient. The emission-weighted averages of the Si/Fe and S/Fe ratios outside the cool core are 0.91 +- 0.08 and 0.93 +- 0.10, respectively, in solar units according to the solar abundance table of Lodders (2003). These ratios indicate that most Fe was synthesized by supernovae Ia. We collected K-band luminosities of galaxies and calculated the ratio of Fe and Si mass in the ICM to K-band luminosity, iron-mass-to-light ratio (IMLR) and silicon-mass-to-light ratio (SMLR). Within $\\sim$1 Mpc, the cumulative IMLR and SMLR ...

Matsushita, K; Sasaki, T; Sato, K; Simionescu, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Isotope ratio determination in boron analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Traditionally, boron (B) isotope ratios have been determined using thermal ionization...+, Cs+, or O-...for analyte ionization. TIMS can be used in negative or positive ion modes with high sensitivity and precisi...

Ram N. Sah; Patrick H. Brown

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Fuel Equivalence Ratio Imaging for Methane Jets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 2-D fuel/oxygen equivalence ratio imaging system has been developed. The technique exploits the efficient quenching of the fluorescence of organic molecules by molecular oxygen in...

Ni, T Q; Melton, L A

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Summary Max Total Units  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Max Total Units Max Total Units *If All Splits, No Rack Units **If Only FW, AC Splits 1000 52 28 28 2000 87 59 35 3000 61 33 15 4000 61 33 15 Totals 261 153 93 ***Costs $1,957,500.00 $1,147,500.00 $697,500.00 Notes: added several refrigerants removed bins from analysis removed R-22 from list 1000lb, no Glycol, CO2 or ammonia Seawater R-404A only * includes seawater units ** no seawater units included *** Costs = (total units) X (estimate of $7500 per unit) 1000lb, air cooled split systems, fresh water Refrig Voltage Cond Unit IF-CU Combos 2 4 5 28 References Refrig Voltage C-U type Compressor HP R-404A 208/1/60 Hermetic SA 2.5 R-507 230/1/60 Hermetic MA 2.5 208/3/60 SemiHerm SA 1.5 230/3/60 SemiHerm MA 1.5 SemiHerm HA 1.5 1000lb, remote rack systems, fresh water Refrig/system Voltage Combos 12 2 24 References Refrig/system Voltage IF only

139

Cosmological solutions of time varying speed of light theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider scalar-tensor theory for describing varying speed of light in a spatially flat FRW space-time. We find some exact solutions in the metric and Palatini formalisms. Also we examine the dynamics of this theory by dynamical system method assuming a $\\Lambda$CDM background and we find some exact solutions by considering the character of critical points of the theory in both formalisms. We show that for any attractor the form of non-minimal coupling coefficient is quadratic in terms of the scalar field $\\Psi$. Also we show that only attractors of the de Sitter era satisfy the horizon criteria.

Mahmood Roshan; Maryam Nouri; Fatimah Shojai

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

140

Quantum cosmology with varying speed of light: canonical approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate $(n+1)$--dimensional cosmology with varying speed of light. After solving corresponding Wheeler-DeWitt equation, we obtain exact solutions in both classical and quantum levels for ($c $--$\\Lambda$)--dominated Universe. We then construct the ``canonical'' wave packets which exhibit a good classical and quantum correspondence. We show that arbitrary but appropriate initial conditions lead to the same classical description. We also study the situation from de-Broglie Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics and show that the corresponding Bohmian trajectories are in good agreement with the classical counterparts.

P. Pedram; S. Jalalzadeh

2007-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Time-varying long range dependence in energy futures markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study aims to investigate the presence of long-range dependence in energy futures markets. Using a daily dataset covering from 1990 to 2013 (which includes crucial events for energy markets such as invasion of Iraq and global financial crisis of 2008), we estimate time-varying generalized Hurst exponents of several energy futures contracts with different times to maturity using a rolling window approach. Results reveal that efficiency of energy futures markets is clearly time-varying and changes drastically over the sample period. For futures contracts with 1–4 months to maturities, crude oil and gasoline are found to be more efficient compared to others. On the other hand, for contracts with 5–9 months to maturities, crude oil and natural gas futures are more efficient. For almost every different month to maturity, heating oil and gas oil futures are found to be the least efficient markets. Moreover in general, the efficiency of energy futures markets is found to be decreasing dramatically when time to maturity is increasing. Several implications are discussed.

Ahmet Sensoy; Erk Hacihasanoglu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Next Generation Rooftop Unit  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Next Generation Rooftop Unit - Next Generation Rooftop Unit - CRADA Bo Shen Oak Ridge National Laboratory shenb@ornl.gov; 865-574-5745 April 3, 2013 ET R&D project in support of DOE/BTO Goal of 50% Reduction in Building Energy Use by 2030. CRADA project with Trane TOP US Commercial HVAC Equipment OEM 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: half of all US commercial floor space cooled by packaged AC units, consumes more than 1.0 Quad source energy/year; highly efficient systems needed

143

Next Generation Rooftop Unit  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Next Generation Rooftop Unit - Next Generation Rooftop Unit - CRADA Bo Shen Oak Ridge National Laboratory shenb@ornl.gov; 865-574-5745 April 3, 2013 ET R&D project in support of DOE/BTO Goal of 50% Reduction in Building Energy Use by 2030. CRADA project with Trane TOP US Commercial HVAC Equipment OEM 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: half of all US commercial floor space cooled by packaged AC units, consumes more than 1.0 Quad source energy/year; highly efficient systems needed

144

Epidemic spreading in time-varying community networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spreading processes of many infectious diseases have comparable time scale as the network evolution. Here, we present a simple networks model with time-varying community structure, and investigate susceptible-infected-susceptible epidemic spreading processes in this model. By both theoretic analysis and numerical simulations, we show that the efficiency of epidemic spreading in this model depends intensively on the mobility rate q of the individuals among communities. We also find that there exists a mobility rate threshold q{sub c}. The epidemic will survive when q?>?q{sub c} and die when q?

Ren, Guangming, E-mail: wangxy@dlut.edu.cn, E-mail: ren-guang-ming@163.com [School of Electronic and Information, Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University, Guangzhou 510665 (China) [School of Electronic and Information, Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University, Guangzhou 510665 (China); Faculty of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Wang, Xingyuan, E-mail: wangxy@dlut.edu.cn, E-mail: ren-guang-ming@163.com [Faculty of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [Faculty of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Systems and methods of varying charged particle beam spot size  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and devices enable shaping of a charged particle beam. A modified dielectric wall accelerator includes a high gradient lens section and a main section. The high gradient lens section can be dynamically adjusted to establish the desired electric fields to minimize undesirable transverse defocusing fields at the entrance to the dielectric wall accelerator. Once a baseline setting with desirable output beam characteristic is established, the output beam can be dynamically modified to vary the output beam characteristics. The output beam can be modified by slightly adjusting the electric fields established across different sections of the modified dielectric wall accelerator. Additional control over the shape of the output beam can be excreted by introducing intentional timing de-synchronization offsets and producing an injected beam that is not fully matched to the entrance of the modified dielectric accelerator.

Chen, Yu-Jiuan

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

146

Bulk viscous FWR with time varying constants revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a full causal bulk viscous cosmological model with flat FRW symmetries and where the ``constants'' $G,c$ and $\\Lambda $ vary. We take into account the possible effects of a $c-$variable into the curvature tensor in order to outline the field equations. Using the Lie method we find the possible forms of the ``constants'' $G$ and $c$ that make integrable the field equations as well as the equation of state for the viscous parameter. It is found that $G,c$ and $\\Lambda $ follow a power law solution verifying the relationship $G/c^{2}=\\kappa .$ Once these possible forms have been obtained we calculate the thermodynamical quantities of the model in order to determine the possible values of the parameters that govern the quantities, finding that only a growing $G$ and $c$ are possible while $% \\Lambda $ behaves as a negative decreasing function.

J. A. Belinchón

2005-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

147

Optical waveguide device with an adiabatically-varying width  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Optical waveguide devices are disclosed which utilize an optical waveguide having a waveguide bend therein with a width that varies adiabatically between a minimum value and a maximum value of the width. One or more connecting members can be attached to the waveguide bend near the maximum value of the width thereof to support the waveguide bend or to supply electrical power to an impurity-doped region located within the waveguide bend near the maximum value of the width. The impurity-doped region can form an electrical heater or a semiconductor junction which can be activated with a voltage to provide a variable optical path length in the optical waveguide. The optical waveguide devices can be used to form a tunable interferometer (e.g. a Mach-Zehnder interferometer) which can be used for optical modulation or switching. The optical waveguide devices can also be used to form an optical delay line.

Watts; Michael R. (Albuquerque, NM), Nielson; Gregory N. (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

148

Collaboration between varied organizations develops larger, more precise  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Large Area Picosecond Photodetector (LAPPD) collaboration has developed cheaper, larger, more robust microchannel plates, seen here at a test facility at Argonne. The LAPPD team has partnered with Massachusetts-based fiber optics company INCOM Inc. to manufacture the plates. Click to enlarge. The Large Area Picosecond Photodetector (LAPPD) collaboration has developed cheaper, larger, more robust microchannel plates, seen here at a test facility at Argonne. The LAPPD team has partnered with Massachusetts-based fiber optics company INCOM Inc. to manufacture the plates. Click to enlarge. The Large Area Picosecond Photodetector (LAPPD) collaboration has developed cheaper, larger, more robust microchannel plates, seen here at a test facility at Argonne. The LAPPD team has partnered with Massachusetts-based fiber optics company INCOM Inc. to manufacture the plates. Click to enlarge. Collaboration between varied organizations develops larger, more precise photodetectors for the market By Chelsea Leu * November 5, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint Scientific particle detectors, medical imaging devices and cargo scanners

149

Redshift drift in varying speed of light cosmology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We derive a redshift drift formula within the framework of varying speed of light (VSL) theory using the specific ansatz for the variability of c ( t ) = c 0 a n ( t ) . We show that negative values of the parameter n, which correspond to diminishing value of the speed of light during the evolution of the universe, effectively rescale dust matter to become little negative pressure matter, and the cosmological constant to became phantom. Positive values of n (growing c ( t ) ) make VSL model to become more like Cold Dark Matter (CDM) model. Observationally, there is a distinction between the VSL model and the ?CDM model for the admissible values of the parameter n ? ? 10 ? 5 , though it will be rather difficult to detect by planned extremely large telescopes (EELT, TMT, GMT) within their accuracy.

Adam Balcerzak; Mariusz P. Da?browski

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Neutron Stars in a Varying Speed of Light Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study neutron stars in a varying speed of light (VSL) theory of gravity in which the local speed of light depends upon the value of a scalar field $\\phi$. We find that the masses and radii of the stars are strongly dependent on the strength of the coupling between $\\phi$ and the matter field and that for certain choices of coupling parameters, the maximum neutron star mass can be arbitrarily small. We also discuss the phenomenon of cosmological evolution of VSL stars (analogous to the gravitational evolution in scalar-tensor theories) and we derive a relation showing how the fractional change in the energy of a star is related to the change in the cosmological value of the scalar field.

A. W. Whinnett

2003-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

151

Determination of Light Water Reactor Fuel Burnup with the Isotope Ratio Method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the current project to demonstrate that isotope ratio measurements can be extended to zirconium alloys used in LWR fuel assemblies we report new analyses on irradiated samples obtained from a reactor. Zirconium alloys are used for structural elements of fuel assemblies and for the fuel element cladding. This report covers new measurements done on irradiated and unirradiated zirconium alloys, Unirradiated zircaloy samples serve as reference samples and indicate starting values or natural values for the Ti isotope ratio measured. New measurements of irradiated samples include results for 3 samples provided by AREVA. New results indicate: 1. Titanium isotope ratios were measured again in unirradiated samples to obtain reference or starting values at the same time irradiated samples were analyzed. In particular, 49Ti/48Ti ratios were indistinguishably close to values determined several months earlier and to expected natural values. 2. 49Ti/48Ti ratios were measured in 3 irradiated samples thus far, and demonstrate marked departures from natural or initial ratios, well beyond analytical uncertainty, and the ratios vary with reported fluence values. The irradiated samples appear to have significant surface contamination or radiation damage which required more time for SIMS analyses. 3. Other activated impurity elements still limit the sample size for SIMS analysis of irradiated samples. The sub-samples chosen for SIMS analysis, although smaller than optimal, were still analyzed successfully without violating the conditions of the applicable Radiological Work Permit

Gerlach, David C.; Mitchell, Mark R.; Reid, Bruce D.; Gesh, Christopher J.; Hurley, David E.

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Product Binding Varies Dramatically between Processive and Nonprocessive Cellulase Enzymes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cellulases hydrolyze {beta}-1,4 glycosidic linkages in cellulose, which are among the most prevalent and stable bonds in Nature. Cellulases comprise many glycoside hydrolase families and exist as processive or nonprocessive enzymes. Product inhibition negatively impacts cellulase action, but experimental measurements of product-binding constants vary significantly, and there is little consensus on the importance of this phenomenon. To provide molecular level insights into cellulase product inhibition, we examine the impact of product binding on processive and nonprocessive cellulases by calculating the binding free energy of cellobiose to the product sites of catalytic domains of processive and nonprocessive enzymes from glycoside hydrolase families 6 and 7. The results suggest that cellobiose binds to processive cellulases much more strongly than nonprocessive cellulases. We also predict that the presence of a cellodextrin bound in the reactant site of the catalytic domain, which is present during enzymatic catalysis, has no effect on product binding in nonprocessive cellulases, whereas it significantly increases product binding to processive cellulases. This difference in product binding correlates with hydrogen bonding between the substrate-side ligand and the cellobiose product in processive cellulase tunnels and the additional stabilization from the longer tunnel-forming loops. The hydrogen bonds between the substrate- and product-side ligands are disrupted by water in nonprocessive cellulase clefts, and the lack of long tunnel-forming loops results in lower affinity of the product ligand. These findings provide new insights into the large discrepancies reported for binding constants for cellulases and suggest that product inhibition will vary significantly based on the amount of productive binding for processive cellulases on cellulose.

Bu, L.; Nimlos, M. R.; Shirts, M. R.; Stahlberg, J.; Himmel, M. E.; Crowley, M. F.; Beckham, G. T.

2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

153

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Household Demographics of U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

154

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

155

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Fuels Used and End Uses in U.S. Homes, by Household Income, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2"...

156

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Census Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Census Region" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Northeast","Midwest","South","West" "Space...

157

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Household Income, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" ,,"Less than...

158

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,,"5 or More...

159

" Million Housing Units, Final...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Climate Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Climate Region2" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Very Cold","Mixed- Humid","Mixed-Dry"...

160

United Cool Air  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

While our process may start with a "basic model" it is seldom that we fabricate more than a few units that are identical.  Therefore, the definition of "basic model" has a large impact on the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Associative list processing unit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and permitting inserts to occur in a single clock cycle if all of the cell blocks are not full.

Hemmert, Karl Scott; Underwood, Keith D

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

United States Department of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a typical wind energy production facility, the results warrant further research on the use of acoustic;1 INTRODUCTION Over the past decade, wind energy production capacity in the United States has increased

163

United States of Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station Proceedings Research Station. 130 p. Declinesinhabitatofgreatersage, grazing practices, changes in wildfire regimes, increased spread of invasive species, gas and oil

164

TIME-VARYING FLAME IONIZATION SENSING APPLIED TO NATURAL GAS AND PROPANE BLENDS IN A PRESSURIZED LEAN PREMIXED (LPM) COMBUSTOR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In-situ monitoring of combustion phenomena is a critical need for optimal operation and control of advanced gas turbine combustion systems. The concept described in this paper is based on naturally occurring flame ionization processes that accompany the combustion of hydrocarbon fuels. Previous work has shown that flame ionization techniques may be applied to detect flashback, lean blowout, and some aspects of thermo-acoustic combustion instabilities. Previous work has focused on application of DC electric fields. By application of time-varying electric fields, significant improvements to sensor capabilities have been observed. These data have been collected in a lean premixed combustion test rig operating at 0.51-0.76 MPa (5-7.5 atm) with air preheated to 588 K (600°F). Five percent of the total fuel flow is injected through the centerbody tip as a diffusion pilot. The fuel composition is varied independently by blending approximately 5% (volume) propane with the pipeline natural gas. The reference velocity through the premixing annulus is kept constant for all conditions at a nominal value of 70 m/s. The fuel-air equivalence ratio is varied independently from 0.46 – 0.58. Relative to the DC field version, the time-varying combustion control and diagnostic sensor (TV-CCADS) shows a significant improvement in the correlation between the measured flame ionization current and local fuel-air equivalence ratio. In testing with different fuel compositions, the triangle wave data show the most distinct change in flame ionization current in response to an increase in propane content. Continued development of this sensor technology will improve the capability to control advanced gas turbine combustion systems, and help address issues associated with variations in fuel supplies.

D. L. Straub; B. T. Chorpening; E. D. Huckaby; J. D. Thornton; W. L. Fincham

2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

165

Role of Si/Al Ratio on Immobilization and Stability of Rhodium Complexes on ZSM-5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rhodium complexes within the pores of zeolite ZSM-5 with varying Si/Al ratios (Si/Al 23, Si/Al 50, and Si/Al 280) were prepared from Rh1+(CO)2(C5H7O2), Rh22+(CO2CH3)4, and Rh3+(C5H7O2)3 followed by thermal treatment in He. IR results indicate...

Long, Brandon

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

The effects of varied rates and ratios of fertilizer on forage yields and tillering of Austin wheat on Lufkin fine sandy loam and Miller clay soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

163 V9 136 5S 143 1Q ~ LQ Mf f erenee required for signifioanoe betveen sean treatments on c Iuaber of plots ( 27 ) 05 legal 31 31 ~ 01 level 41 + 57 e Treatseatt pounds pez' acre of Ht P205s azd X20c Rg e Oi 81 = 30' H2 60j I3 90$ Pp a Op Pl e... 4 92 3 13 tj 92 3. 13 4 92 2, 23 3 OV 2. 23 3. 07 2. 50 3. 60 1, 89 2~ e R - 30 pounds of nitrogen per sore R s 60 pounds, E3 90 pounds. Table 3. ? Lverage XiaM of ~ Porage in Pounds Per kore from Lufldn Soil Reoeiving Different Combinations...

Coffey, Lee Clayton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

167

Viscosity to entropy ratio at extremality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assuming gauge theory realization at the boundary, we show that the viscosity to entropy ratio is 1/(4 pi) where the bulk is represented by a large class of extremal black holes in anti-de Sitter space. In particular, this class includes multiple R-charged black holes in various dimensions.

Sayan K. Chakrabarti; Sachin Jain; Sudipta Mukherji

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

168

Blowing Ratio Effects on Film Cooling Effectiveness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The research focuses on testing the film cooling effectiveness on a gas turbine blade suction side surface. The test is performed on a five bladed cascade with a blow down facility. Four different blowing ratios are used in this study, which are 0...

Liu, Kuo-Chun

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

169

Best Buys and Unit Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This guide explains how to determine a unit price--the cost of an item based on a specific unit such as pound or ounce. Unit pricing can be used to identify foods that are the most economical....

Anding, Jenna

2000-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

170

Industries vary approaches to preventing pollution in wastewater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In wastewater management, various efforts considered to be pollution prevention activities technically fall under EPA's definition of waste minimization, which is one step below source reduction in the agency's pollution prevention hierarchy. EPA defines waste minimization as an umbrella term that includes the first two categories--source reduction and recycling--of its preferred hazardous waste management strategy. Because industrial processes vary, no particular technology can be used across the board to reduce the amount of wastewater generated or hazardous materials present in wastewater. Companies tend to implement the easiest and most cost-effective pollution-prevention processes first, according to Nellor. They then evolve to source-reduction activities, in response to other dynamics, such as product bans. True pollution prevention strategies are being required in some cases. The Clean Air Act Amendments mandate a unilateral production phase-out of ozone-depleting compounds by 1995. To beat this deadline, companies are phasing in use of environmentally-sound cleaning solutions to reduce volatile organic compounds in wastewater effluent.

Kratch, K.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Modeling of Time Varying Slag Flow in Coal Gasifiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is considerable interest within government agencies and the energy industries across the globe to further advance the clean and economical conversion of coal into liquid fuels to reduce our dependency on imported oil. To date, advances in these areas have been largely based on experimental work. Although there are some detailed systems level performance models, little work has been done on numerical modeling of the component level processes. If accurate models are developed, then significant R&D time might be saved, new insights into the process might be gained, and some good predictions of process or performance can be made. One such area is the characterization of slag deposition and flow on the gasifier walls. Understanding slag rheology and slag-refractory interactions is critical to design and operation of gasifiers with extended refractory lifetimes and also to better control of operating parameters so that the overall gasifier performance with extended service life can be optimized. In the present work, the literature on slag flow modeling was reviewed and a model similar to Seggiani’s was developed to simulate the time varying slag accumulation and flow on the walls of a Prenflo coal gasifier. This model was further extended and modified to simulate a refractory wall gasifier including heat transfer through the refractory wall with flowing slag in contact with the refractory. The model was used to simulate temperature dependent slag flow using rheology data from our experimental slag testing program. These modeling results as well as experimental validation are presented.

Pilli, Siva Prasad; Johnson, Kenneth I.; Williford, Ralph E.; Sundaram, S. K.; Korolev, Vladimir N.; Crum, Jarrod V.

2008-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

172

Quantum cosmologies with varying speed of light and the $?$ problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In quantum cosmology the closed universe can spontaneously nucleate out of the state with no classical space and time. For the universe filled with a vacuum of constant energy density the semiclassical tunneling nucleation probability can be estimated as $\\emph{P}\\sim\\exp(-\\alpha^2/\\Lambda)$ where $\\alpha$=const and $\\Lambda$ is the cosmological constant, so once it nucleates, the universe immediately starts the de Sitter inflationary expansion. The probability $\\emph{P} $ will be large for values of $\\Lambda$ that are large enough, whereas $\\Lambda$ of our Universe is definitely small. Of course, for the early universe filled with radiation or another ''matter'' the mentioned probability is large nevertheless ($\\emph{P}\\sim 1$) but in this case we have no inflation which is a standard solution for the flatness and horizon problems. In the other hand, the alternative solution of these problems can be obtained in framework of cosmologies with varying speed of light $c(t)$ (VSL). We show that, as a matter of principle, such quantum VSL cosmologies exist that $\\emph{P}\\sim 1$, $\\rho_{_\\Lambda}/\\rho_c\\sim 0.7$ ($\\Lambda$-problem) and both horizon and flatness problems are solvable without inflation.

A. V. Yurov; V. A. Yurov

2005-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

173

Numerical analysis of the optimal turbine pressure drop ratio in a solar chimney power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In a solar chimney power plant, only a fraction of the available total pressure difference can be used to run the turbine to generate electrical power. The optimal ratio of the turbine pressure drop to the available total pressure difference in a solar chimney system is investigated using theoretical analysis and 3D numerical simulations. The values found in the literature for the optimal ratio vary between 2/3 and 0.97. In this study, however, the optimal ratio was found to vary with the intensity of solar radiation, and to be around 0.9 for the Spanish prototype. In addition, the optimal ratios obtained from the analytical approach are close to those from the numerical simulation and their differences are mainly caused by the neglect of aerodynamic losses associated with skin friction, flow separation, and secondary flow in the theoretical analysis. This study may be useful for the preliminary estimation of power plant performance and the power-regulating strategy option for solar chimney turbines.

Penghua Guo; Jingyin Li; Yuan Wang; Yingwen Liu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Second United Nations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nations Nations . DISCLAIMER This report was prepared a s an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither t h e United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and

175

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

.2/06 WED 17:02 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG .2/06 WED 17:02 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG -** HQ . 001 United States Government Department of Energy Department of Energy memorandum DATE: February 9, 2006 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-06-07 REPLY TO ATTN OF; IG-32 (A050R014) SUBJECT: Audit of "The Department's Management of United States Enrichment Corporation Site Services" TO: Manager, Portsmouth/Paducah Project Office INTRODUCTTON AND OBJECTIVE The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (Paducah), located in western Kentucky, was constructed by the Department of Energy (Department) in the early 1950s to enrich uranium for use in various military and commercial applications. The Department operated the plant until the Energy Policy Act of 1992 created the United States Enrichment Corporation (USEC) as a Government-owned

176

Observations of O2:CO2 exchange ratios during ecosystem gas W. A. Brand, M. Heimann, and J. Lloyd2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and respiration, thermal ingassing and outgassing of O2 in ocean water, and combustion of fossil fuels and biomass than would be expected from fossil fuel combustion. This implies that the terrestrial biosphere has combustion consumes O2 and produces CO2 with exchange ratios (defined here as Ã?D[O2]/D[CO2]) varying from

177

Determining the slag fraction, water/binder ratio and degree of hydration in hardened cement pastes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for determining the original mix composition of hardened slag-blended cement-based materials based on analysis of backscattered electron images combined with loss on ignition measurements is presented. The method does not require comparison to reference standards or prior knowledge of the composition of the binders used. Therefore, it is well-suited for application to real structures. The method is also able to calculate the degrees of reaction of slag and cement. Results obtained from an experimental study involving sixty samples with a wide range of water/binder (w/b) ratios (0.30 to 0.50), slag/binder ratios (0 to 0.6) and curing ages (3 days to 1 year) show that the method is very promising. The mean absolute errors for the estimated slag, water and cement contents (kg/m{sup 3}), w/b and s/b ratios were 9.1%, 1.5%, 2.5%, 4.7% and 8.7%, respectively. 91% of the estimated w/b ratios were within 0.036 of the actual values. -- Highlights: •A new method for estimating w/b ratio and slag content in cement pastes is proposed. •The method is also able to calculate the degrees of reaction of slag and cement. •Reference standards or prior knowledge of the binder composition are not required. •The method was tested on samples with varying w/b ratios and slag content.

Yio, M.H.N., E-mail: marcus.yio11@imperial.ac.uk; Phelan, J.C.; Wong, H.S.; Buenfeld, N.R.

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

Theater SBI cost-effectiveness ratios  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To address M missiles spaced at intervals longer than the constillation reconstitution time t, the defense needs at the absentee ratio N{sub a} of SBIs to fill the belt plus the M SBIs needed for the intercepts; the resulting cost effectiveness scales as M/(M + N{sub a}). N{sub a} is large and CER small for small ranges and numbers of missiles. For several-hundred missile threats, CERs are greater than unity for ranges of interest.

Canavan, G.H.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

The impacts of the manager-to-worker ratio and institutional investors on the employment of production workers: 1985-1995  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as pay incentives decline. Most other advanced countries have administrative ratios that are less than half that of the United States (Gordon 1996). ' I am unable to measure compensation due to its omission from the EEOC database used for this analysis... as pay incentives decline. Most other advanced countries have administrative ratios that are less than half that of the United States (Gordon 1996). ' I am unable to measure compensation due to its omission from the EEOC database used for this analysis...

Fuchser, Daniel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

180

United States Department of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: For additional copies: U.S. FOREST SERVICE U.S. Forest Service 11 CAMPUS BLVD SUITE 200 Publications Distribution Forest, New Hampshire, began in 1932. One of the studies, still maintained today, consisted of severalUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northern Research Station Research Paper NRS

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

United States Department of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Station at Durham, New Hampshire. The computer program described in this publication was created usingUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northern Research Station General Technical://www.nrs.fs.fed.us/ Published by: For additional copies: U.S. FOREST SERVICE U.S. Forest Service 11 CAMPUS BLVD SUITE 200

182

United States of Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in wildlife management from the University of New Hampshire in 1988. She joined the Intermountain Research Station in 1993 after working for the States of New Hampshire and Wyoming on projects involving wetlandUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station General

183

United States Department of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

copies: USDA FOREST SERVICE USDA Forest Service 11 CAMPUS BLVD SUITE 200 Publications Distribution at Durham, New Hampshire; JENNIFER C. JENKINS, jjenkins@fs.fed.us, is a research foresterUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station General

184

FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1973 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 67 Prepared by STATISTICS a review of the fishery statistics for the year 1973 . These statistics include data on the volume and value of landings of fishery products, employment 1n the fish- eries, quantity of gear operated, number

185

FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1971 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 65 Prepared by STATISTICS ry statistics for the year 1971 . These statistics include data on the volume and value of landings of fishery products, employment in the fishe ries, quantity of gear operated, number of fishing craft e

186

United States Department of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

play an important role in a national program for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The conversion potential through conversion of nonforest land to forest land and through the management of forest lands and sinks in the United States can be identified. International treaties on greenhouse gas reduction require

187

United States Department of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as an offset, or for registering carbon dioxide reductions using the U.S. Department of Energy 1605(b. Brown Richard A. Birdsey #12;Visit our homepage at: http://www.nrs.fs.fed.us/ Published by forestry companies and managers of utility company lands, within the United States who are interested

188

United Nations Development Programme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

United Nations Development Programme Bureau for Development Policy Energy and Atmosphere Programme Development Programme with support from the Government of Norway #12;The views expressed in this volume. #12;5 Acknowledgements 6 Notes on Authors 7 Foreword 9 Executive Summary 27 Introduction: Energy

189

United States Environmental Protection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quality in public water systems; remediation of contaminated sites, sediments and ground water; preventionUnited States Environmental Protection Agency Hydrogeologic Framework, Ground-Water Geochemistry/R-02/008 January 2002 Hydrogeologic Framework, Ground-Water Geochemistry, and Assessment of Nitrogen

190

United States Department of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hills National Forest uses such a habitat capability model (HABCAP), but its accuracy is largely unknown, Wildlife Biologist with Black Hills National Forest, Custer, SD 2 South Dakota State UniversityUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment

191

United States Department of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

United States Department of Agriculture Managing Habitats for White-tailed DeerForest Service Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station Fort Collins, Colorado 80526 General Technical Report RM-GTR-274 Black Hills and Bear Lodge Mountains of South Dakota and Wyoming Carolyn Hull Sieg and Kieth E

192

United States Department of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station General.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 25 p. Estimates of forest of California's legislatively mandated green- house gas inventory. Reliable estimates of live-tree carbon stores

Fried, Jeremy S.

193

The scaling of transport AC losses in Roebel cables with varying strand parameters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Roebel cable is a good candidate for low-voltage windings in a high-temperature superconductor (HTS) transformer because of its high current-carrying capability and low AC loss. Transport AC loss measurements were carried out in 1.8 m long 15/5 (fifteen 5 mm wide strands) and 15/4 Roebel cables. The results were compared with those in many Roebel cables composed of 2 mm wide Roebel strands. Comparison of the AC losses hinted that the intrinsic difference in normalized transport AC losses is due to differences in the g/w (ratio of the horizontal gap between the Roebel strands over the Roebel strand width) values. The intrinsic difference was confirmed by measuring transport AC loss in a series of horizontally arranged parallel conductor pairs with various g values. A method to scale transport AC losses in Roebel cables with varying strand parameters was developed. The scaling method will be useful for a rough assessment of AC loss in one-layer solenoid winding coils, such as in a HTS transformer.

Zhenan Jiang; Mike Staines; Nicholas J Long; Rodney A Badcock; Chris Bumby; Evgeny Talantsev; Kent Hamilton; Robert G Buckley; Naoyuki Amemiya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

" Million U.S. Housing Units"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Type of Housing Unit, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Type of Housing Unit" ," Housing Units (millions) ","Single-Family...

195

METAL-MASS-TO-LIGHT RATIOS OF THE PERSEUS CLUSTER OUT TO THE VIRIAL RADIUS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyzed XMM-Newton data of the Perseus cluster out to {approx}1 Mpc, or approximately half the virial radius. Using the flux ratios of Ly{alpha} lines of H-like Si and S to K{alpha} line of He-like Fe, the abundance ratios of Si/Fe and S/Fe of the intracluster medium (ICM) were derived using the APEC plasma code v2.0.1. The temperature dependence of the line ratio limits the systematic uncertainty in the derived abundance ratio. The Si/Fe and S/Fe in the ICM of the Perseus cluster show no radial gradient. The emission-weighted averages of the Si/Fe and S/Fe ratios outside the cool core are 0.91 {+-} 0.08 and 0.93 {+-} 0.10, respectively, in solar units according to the solar abundance table of Lodders. These ratios indicate that most Fe was synthesized by supernovae Ia. We collected K-band luminosities of galaxies and calculated the ratio of Fe and Si mass in the ICM to K-band luminosity, iron-mass-to-light ratio (IMLR), and silicon-mass-to-light ratio (SMLR). Within {approx}1 Mpc, the cumulative IMLR and SMLR increase with radius. Using Suzaku data for the northwest and east directions, we also calculated the IMLR out to {approx}1.8 Mpc, or about the virial radius. We constrained the SMLR out to this radius and discussed the slope of the initial mass function of stars in the cluster. Using the cumulative IMLR profile, we discuss the past supernova Ia rate.

Matsushita, K.; Sakuma, E.; Sasaki, T.; Sato, K. [Department of Physics, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601 (Japan)] [Department of Physics, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601 (Japan); Simionescu, A., E-mail: matusita@rs.kagu.tus.ac.jp [KIPAC, Stanford University, 452 Lomita Mall, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

196

A Natural Gas, High Compression Ratio, High Efficiency ICRE ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A Natural Gas, High Compression Ratio, High Efficiency ICRE A Natural Gas, High Compression Ratio, High Efficiency ICRE Using natural gas and gasoline modeling, indications are...

197

Development of a Micropyrolyzer for Enhanced Isotope Ratio Measurement...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Micropyrolyzer for Enhanced Isotope Ratio Measurement. Development of a Micropyrolyzer for Enhanced Isotope Ratio Measurement. Abstract: This paper presents design, fabrication and...

198

CO (Carbon Monoxide Mixing Ratio System) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main function of the CO instrument is to provide continuous accurate measurements of carbon monoxide mixing ratio at the ARM SGP Central Facility (CF) 60-meter tower (36.607 °N, 97.489 °W, 314 meters above sea level). The essential feature of the control and data acquisition system is to record signals from a Thermo Electron 48C and periodically calibrate out zero and span drifts in the instrument using the combination of a CO scrubber and two concentrations of span gas (100 and 300 ppb CO in air). The system was deployed on May 25, 2005.

Biraud, S

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

199

High aspect ratio, remote controlled pumping assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A miniature dual syringe-type pump assembly which has a high aspect ratio and which is remotely controlled, for use such as in a small diameter penetrometer cone or well packer used in water contamination applications. The pump assembly may be used to supply and remove a reagent to a water contamination sensor, for example, and includes a motor, gearhead and motor encoder assembly for turning a drive screw for an actuator which provides pushing on one syringe and pulling on the other syringe for injecting new reagent and withdrawing used reagent from an associated sensor.

Brown, Steve B. (Livermore, CA); Milanovich, Fred P. (Lafayette, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Meteorological Effects on Air/Fuel Ratio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. "Temperature Compensat d Air/Fuel Ratio Control on a Recuperated Furnace," by J. L. Ferri. GTE Products Corporation, Towanda, PA, lECTC '83 2. Chemical Engineers Handbook, PerTY and Chilton, 5th ed.., (McGraw Hlln, p. 12-7. 3. "Technology..., E = (100 ... 10) (ill) - 100 = 17.2% excess a . 2 Example 2 A furnace uses recuperators which prehe~t the combustion air to 1200 OF using 30 OF air. WithJlOO OF air, the preheated air temperature will be approxIjrnately 1270 OF, a 70 OF increase...

Ferri, J. L.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Dust-to-Gas Ratios in Early-type Galaxies A. F. Crocker (University of Massachusetts Amherst), L. M. Young (New Mex-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dust-to-Gas Ratios in Early-type Galaxies A. F. Crocker (University of Massachusetts Amherst), L. M. Bureau, (University of Oxford, United Kingdom), Atlas3D Team We present dust-to-gas ratios for all mass. Cold gas masses are combined molecular and atomic masses, determined from single- dish CO

Bureau, Martin

202

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

uv /uu/u* ±.u.. J.OJ..L rAA , *. . uv /uu/u* ±.u.. J.OJ..L rAA , *. . 'A4 .. ± OO, I U444 flmI I.j102 ' -f- $I)002 EP<.1 (o-.vu) United States Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: January 30, 2004 REP.YTO: IG-35 (A03DN039) Audit Report No.: OAS-L-04-10 SUBJECT: Audit of the Safeguards and Security Program at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site To: Frazer Lockhart, Manager, Rocky Flats Field Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE Because of the terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001, the Department of Energy (Department) instituted additional security requirements beyond those already in place for normal security operations. These "Security Conditions" requirements were established by Department Notice 473.8 (Notice). The requirements are based on

203

United States Environmental Monitoring  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

EPA 60014-91/030 EPA 60014-91/030 Environmental Protection Systems Laboratory DOE/DP00539-063 Agency P.O. Box 93478 Las Vegas NV 891 93-3478 Research and Development Offsite Environmental Monitoring Report: 1 - 3 5 Radiation Monitorina Around * / (- P 7 1 United States ~ u c l g a r Test Areas Calendar Year 1990 This page intentionally left blank EPN60014-90 DOWDP Offsite Environmental Monitoring Report: Radiation Monitoring Around United States Nuclear Test Areas, Calendar Year 1990 Contributors: D.J. Chaloud, B.B. Dicey, D.G. Easterly, C.A. Fontana, R.W. Holloway, A.A. Mullen, V.E. Niemann, W.G. Phillips, D.D. Smith, N.R. Sunderland, D.J. Thome, and Nuclear Radiation Assessment Division Prepared for: U.S. Department of Energy under Interagency Agreement Number DE-A108-86-NV10522

204

l UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT lb 15 SUBJECT: THORFJM PROCURENENT PMF'N:TBU Jesse C. Johnson, Gtnager of IRaw Materials Operations3s.Office 3 R. W. Cook, Director of Production ~',LL:::+ I--- DATE: MAR ! 9 1951 The following list of suppliers of thorium and the amounts of materials procured from them by the Mew York Operations Office during calendar year 1950 is being supplied in accordance with Mr. Spelmanls telephone request of March 19. Thorium Lannett Bleachery iinde Air Products Co. Lindsey Light & Chemical Co. lliscellaneous NY0 Liscensing Division Rare Earths, Inc. Wolff-Alport Total - (kilograms) 179 38,2;2 -3 4,210 /vyeoi 4 -q- 2 : i ' \ iti 1 i 0 ;;\I:' --' I F 10 i;;;?/ \ --' L & ;:I :,- :,j( EZi 5 1 :' -I I ri _ I ' R i; .- . )- .i

205

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ng ng United States Government Department of Energy Memorandum OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL DATE: APR 18 2003 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-34 (A02PR010) Audit Report No.: OAS-L-03-15 SUBJECT: Audit of the Weatherization Assistance Program TO: Director, Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program, EE-2K The purpose of this report is to inform you of the results of our audit of the Weatherization Assistance Program. INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Weatherization Assistance Program (Program) was established to increase energy efficiency in dwellings owned or occupied by low-income persons to reduce their residential energy expenditures and improve their health and safety. Since its inception in 1976, the Program has reported that approximately 5 million dwelling units owned or occupied by low-income individuals have been weatherized.

206

United States Government Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OE r 1325.0 OE r 1325.0 (01.93) United States Government Department of memorandum DATE: March 23, 2006 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-06-09 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-32 (A060R040) SUBJECT: Audit of"The Department of Energy's Management of the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve" TO, Deputy Assistant Secrctary for Petroleum Reserves INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Energy Act of 2000 authorized the Secretary of Energy to create a Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (Reserve). The Reserve was established as an "emergency buffer" to supplement commercial supplies should a severe supply disruption occur in the heavily heating oil-dependent northeast United States. The Reserve consists of 2 million barrels of emergency home heating oil, enough to provide Northeast consumers adequate supplies for approximately

207

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

United States Government United States Government Department of Energy Memorandum DATE: July 29, 2005 REPLY TO ATTN TO: IG-34 (A05HQ002) Audit Report No. OAS-L-05-10 SUBJECT: Agreed-Upon Procedures for Federal Payroll TO: Director, Office of Management, Budget, and Evaluation/Chief Financial Officer, ME-1 INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Bulletin No. 01-02, "Audit Requirements for Federal Financial Statement," dated October 16, 2000, requires an annual audit of civilian payroll of executive departments and other Government agencies. Auditors are required to follow the agreed-upon procedures in Appendix I-1 of OMB Bulletin No. 01-02, to assess the reasonableness of life insurance, health benefits, and retirement withholdings and contributions.

208

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Menxmmhmz 9 Menxmmhmz 9 1 / UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT i TO : ThcFFles . mx.f I A. B. Piccct, +3lation section : DATE: .@.eti 16, 1949 SUBJECT: VISIT To HAVY OFfDHAlfCE DEPOT, EARIZ, B.J. FmmlTo ,sYmOL: DH:ARP . . : OnJuly 8,&g the uriterattendedameeting at the Navy Oxdnce Depot at Farle, Ii. J. for the purpose of advising the navy on i-adlatlon hazards involved In the dmping of contadnated AEC wastes at /?ea. " Presint were: J. Cook - Traffic & Transportation, AEC ~J.Moren- Utilifation, AEC ..J. Ccnmigl.io - Chief of Middlesex Operaticns A. PIhot -~Hadiation Section, AEC Captain Blossoin - Navy Captain hall - Navy ThefoSkndngwas agreedupcmby AFC andthe l&v. 1. 2. 3. 4. Contaminatedmaterial dnmied, I (loose in case of large contaminated units) loaded on truck&and lsonltored at'

209

Contamination analysis unit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The portable Contamination Analysis Unit (CAU) measures trace quantifies of surface contamination in real time. The detector head of the portable contamination analysis unit has an opening with an O-ring seal, one or more vacuum valves and a small mass spectrometer. With the valve closed, the mass spectrometer is evacuated with one or more pumps. The O-ring seal is placed against a surface to be tested and the vacuum valve is opened. Data is collected from the mass spectrometer and a portable computer provides contamination analysis. The CAU can be used to decontaminate and decommission hazardous and radioactive surface by measuring residual hazardous surface contamination, such as tritium and trace organics It provides surface contamination data for research and development applications as well as real-time process control feedback for industrial cleaning operations and can be used to determine the readiness of a surface to accept bonding or coatings.

Gregg, Hugh R. (Livermore, CA); Meltzer, Michael P. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Contamination analysis unit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The portable Contamination Analysis Unit (CAU) measures trace quantities of surface contamination in real time. The detector head of the portable contamination analysis unit has an opening with an O-ring seal, one or more vacuum valves and a small mass spectrometer. With the valve closed, the mass spectrometer is evacuated with one or more pumps. The O-ring seal is placed against a surface to be tested and the vacuum valve is opened. Data is collected from the mass spectrometer and a portable computer provides contamination analysis. The CAU can be used to decontaminate and decommission hazardous and radioactive surfaces by measuring residual hazardous surface contamination, such as tritium and trace organics. It provides surface contamination data for research and development applications as well as real-time process control feedback for industrial cleaning operations and can be used to determine the readiness of a surface to accept bonding or coatings. 1 fig.

Gregg, H.R.; Meltzer, M.P.

1996-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

211

Integrated solar heating unit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes an integral solar heating unit with an integral solar collector and hot water storage system, the unit comprising: (a) a housing; (b) a flat plate solar collector panel mounted in the housing and having a generally horizontal upper edge and an uninsulated, open back surface; (c) a cylindrical hot water tank operatively connected to the solar collector panel and mounted in the housing generally parallel to and adjacent to the upper edge; (d) the housing comprising a hood around the tank a pair of side skirts extending down at the sides of the panel. The hood and side skirts terminate at lower edges which together substantially define a plane such that upon placing the heating unit on a generally planar surface, the housing substantially encapsulates the collector panel and hot water tank in a substantially enclosed air space; (e) the collector including longitudinally extended U-shaped collector tubes and a glazed window to pass radiation through to the collector tubes, and a first cold water manifold connected to the tubes for delivering fresh water thereto and a second hot water manifold connected to the tubes to remove heated water therefrom. The manifolds are adjacent and at least somewhat above and in direct thermal contact with the tank; and, (f) the skirts and hood lapping around the collector panel, exposing only the glazed window, such that everything else in the heating unit is enclosed by the housing such that heat emanating from the uninsulated, open back face of the collector and tank is captured and retained by the housing to warm the manifolds.

Larkin, W.J.

1987-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

212

A New Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Physical Parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Physical of Mechanical Engineering) ABSTRACT Within a wave energy converter's operational bandwidth, device operation

Victoria, University of

213

Flexible Conversion Ratio Fast Reactor Systems Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conceptual designs of lead-cooled and liquid salt-cooled fast flexible conversion ratio reactors were developed. Both concepts have cores reated at 2400 MWt placed in a large-pool-type vessel with dual-free level, which also contains four intermediate heat exchanges coupling a primary coolant to a compact and efficient supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle power conversion system. Decay heat is removed passively using an enhanced Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System and a Passive Secondary Auxiliary Cooling System. The most important findings were that (1) it is feasible to design the lead-cooled and salt-cooled reactor with the flexible conversion ratio (CR) in the range of CR=0 and CR=1 n a manner that achieves inherent reactor shutdown in unprotected accidents, (2) the salt-cooled reactor requires Lithium thermal Expansion Modules to overcme the inherent salt coolant's large positive coolant temperature reactivity coefficient, (3) the preferable salt for fast spectrum high power density cores is NaCl-Kcl-MgCl2 as opposed to fluoride salts due to its better themal-hydraulic and neutronic characteristics, and (4) both reactor, but attain power density 3 times smaller than that of the sodium-cooled reactor.

Neil Todreas; Pavel Hejzlar

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

214

Hoechst plans Mexican unit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hoechst is considering plans to build its first ethoxylates project in Mexico, Mark Sijthoff, head of surfactants and auxiliaries for Hoechst`s specialty chemical business unit, tells CW. The company expects to make a decision on the 30,000-m.t./year project by the end of the year. Sijthoff would not disclose the site or where ethylene oxide (EO) feed would be obtained. The plan may depend on results of the privatization of Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex), which is the only producer of EO in Mexico. Hoechst is part of a consortium bidding on the privatization. Sources say the unit will be built at Quimica Hoechst`s Coatzacoalcos site, close to Pemex`s EO plants at Cangregera and Morelos. A planned EO expansion at Morelos will probably move ahead when the sell-off is completed. Sijthoff says that Hoechst is also looking at improving its US surfactants position, although the company has no plans to expand ethoxylates, as there is {open_quotes}plenty of capacity.{close_quotes} Hoechst started up a 150-million lbs/year plant at Clear Lake, TX last year, ending a tolling agreement with Union Carbide. In addition, Rhone-Poulenc recently started a unit at Marcus Hook, PA, and Condea Vista is doubling its ethoxylation capacity at Lake Charles, LA. Meanwhile, Hoechst is still considering construction of 30,000-m.t./year ethoxylation plant in India or China. A decision is expected later this year.

Wood, A.; Alperowicz, N.

1996-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

215

Optimal control of a time-varying catalytic fixed bed reactor with catalyst deactivation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper deals with the linear-quadratic control problem for a time-varying partial differential equation model of a catalytic fixed-bed reactor. The classical Riccati equation approach, for time-varying infinite-dimensional systems, is extended to ... Keywords: catalyst deactivation, fixed bed reactor, infinite dimensional time-varying system, linear quadratic optimal control

L. Mohammadi; I. Aksikas; J. F. Forbes

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Abundance ratios in hierarchical galaxy formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The chemical enrichment and stellar abundance ratios of galaxies which form in a hierarchical clustering scheme are calculated. For this purpose I adopt the star formation histories (SFH) as they are delivered by semi-analytic models in Kauffmann (1996}. It turns out that the average SFH of cluster ellipticals does not yield globally alpha-enhanced stellar populations. The star burst that occurs when the elliptical forms in the major merger plays therefore a crucial role in producing alpha-enhancement. Only under the assumption that the IMF is significantly flattened with respect to the Salpeter value during the burst, a Mg/Fe overabundant population can be obtained. In particular for the interpretation of radial gradients in metallicity and alpha-enhancement, the mixing of global and burst populations are of great importance. The model predicts bright field galaxies to be less alpha-enhanced than their counterparts in clusters.

D. Thomas

1999-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

217

Decommissioning Unit Cost Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rocky Flats Closure Site (Site) is in the process of stabilizing residual nuclear materials, decommissioning nuclear facilities, and remediating environmental media. A number of contaminated facilities have been decommissioned, including one building, Building 779, that contained gloveboxes used for plutonium process development but did little actual plutonium processing. The actual costs incurred to decommission this facility formed much of the basis or standards used to estimate the decommissioning of the remaining plutonium-processing buildings. Recent decommissioning activities in the first actual production facility, Building 771, implemented a number of process and procedural improvements. These include methods for handling plutonium contaminated equipment, including size reduction, decontamination, and waste packaging, as well as management improvements to streamline planning and work control. These improvements resulted in a safer working environment and reduced project cost, as demonstrated in the overall project efficiency. The topic of this paper is the analysis of how this improved efficiency is reflected in recent unit costs for activities specific to the decommissioning of plutonium facilities. This analysis will allow the Site to quantify the impacts on future Rocky Flats decommissioning activities, and to develop data for planning and cost estimating the decommissioning of future facilities. The paper discusses the methods used to collect and arrange the project data from the individual work areas within Building 771. Regression and data correlation techniques were used to quantify values for different types of decommissioning activities. The discussion includes the approach to identify and allocate overall project support, waste management, and Site support costs based on the overall Site and project costs to provide a ''burdened'' unit cost. The paper ultimately provides a unit cost basis that can be used to support cost estimates for decommissioning at other facilities with similar equipment and labor costs. It also provides techniques for extracting information from limited data using extrapolation and interpolation techniques.

Sanford, P. C.; Stevens, J. L.; Brandt, R.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

218

Energy Management in Olefins Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the point where waste heat from pyrolysis generates more than enough steam to power the olefins unit recovery section. Furthermore, incorporating gas turbine driven electrical generators or process compressors adds to the utility export potential of the unit...

Wells, T. A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Rapidity dependent K/ ratios in Au+Au collisions sNN = 62.4 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-chemical potential. We find that the K/ ratios measured at different rapidities in the analysed dataset have a common was interpreted by some[4] as a signal of the transition to a deconfined state of nuclear matter. The K+ /+ and KV dataset BRAHMS identified charged particles up to rapidity 3.4 which is less than one rapidity unit away

220

The optimum substrate to biomass ratio to reduce net biomass yields and inert compounds in biological leachate treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The optimum substrate to biomass ratio to reduce net biomass yields and inert compounds that microorganisms must satisfy their maintenance energy requirements prior to synthesizing new biomass, a set on the excess biomass production. Decreasing the supply of substrate per unit biomass resulted in gradual

Bae, Jin-Woo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

United States Science Offices Abroad  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... PLANS for United States Science ...Offices at A home and abroad are proposed in the extensive report entitled " ...

C. E. SUNDERLIN

1950-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

222

Breakeven Prices for Photovoltaics on Supermarkets in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The photovoltaic (PV) breakeven price is the PV system price at which the cost of PV-generated electricity equals the cost of electricity purchased from the grid. This point is also called 'grid parity' and can be expressed as dollars per watt ($/W) of installed PV system capacity. Achieving the PV breakeven price depends on many factors, including the solar resource, local electricity prices, customer load profile, PV incentives, and financing. In the United States, where these factors vary substantially across regions, breakeven prices vary substantially across regions as well. In this study, we estimate current and future breakeven prices for PV systems installed on supermarkets in the United States. We also evaluate key drivers of current and future commercial PV breakeven prices by region. The results suggest that breakeven prices for PV systems installed on supermarkets vary significantly across the United States. Non-technical factors -- including electricity rates, rate structures, incentives, and the availability of system financing -- drive break-even prices more than technical factors like solar resource or system orientation. In 2020 (where we assume higher electricity prices and lower PV incentives), under base-case assumptions, we estimate that about 17% of supermarkets will be in utility territories where breakeven conditions exist at a PV system price of $3/W; this increases to 79% at $1.25/W (the DOE SunShot Initiative's commercial PV price target for 2020). These percentages increase to 26% and 91%, respectively, when rate structures favorable to PV are used.

Ong, S.; Clark, N.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

United States Government Memorandum  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Department of Energy Department of Energy United States Government Memorandum DATE: March 21, 2008 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-08-08 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-321 (A07LV042) SUBJECT: Audit Report on "Accountability of Sensitive and High Risk Property at the Nevada Site Office" TO: Acting Manager, Nevada Site Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE and control over sensitive and high risk property because of the vulnerability to loss, theft or misuse and its potential impact on national security interests or proliferation concerns. Items such as portable and desktop computers, ammunition. and firearms are examples of sensitive property. In addition, federal regulations require that Departmental organizations and designated contractors account for and control govemroent-owned high risk property, such as body armor and gas masks,

224

United States Government DATE:  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

5oE(E;,8 ' 0 H .2+ L-1 5oE(E;,8 ' 0 H .2+ L-1 United States Government DATE: MAR 0 8 1994 REPLY TO AlTN OF: EM-421 (W. A. Williams, 903-8149) SUBJECT: Authority Determination -- Former Herring-Hall-Marvin Safe Co., Hamilton, Ohio TO: The File The attached review documents the basis for determining whether the Department of Energy (DOE) has authority for taking remedial action at the former Herring-Hall-Marvin Safe Co. facility in Hamilton, Ohio, under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). The facility was used for the shaping and machining of uranium metal by the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) during the Second World War. The following factors are significant in reaching a decision and are discussed in more detail in the attached authority review:

225

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

D;il$;,8 p! A . I I& - ' D;il$;,8 p! A . I I& - ' z United States Government &mtrne&' of Energy DATE: &uG 3, 9 394 REPLY TO AITN OF: EH-421 (W. A. Williams, 427-1719) SUBJECT: Elimination of the Sites from the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program To' The File In 1990, with the assistance of Mr. Doug Toukay and Ms. Michelle Landis, I reviewed a number of sites that had formerly provided goods and/or services to the Fernald facility as subcontractors. For 24 of.these sites, recommdations were made to eliminate them from further consideration under Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). In each case, I made or reviewed the evaluation, and, in each case, a handwritten evaluation was prepared. This is to provide a more formal record of the decision on these sites and to ratify and confirm the

226

Unite2 States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

+39J +39J t% (3740~ - Unite2 States Government m e m o randuin L3 DATE: AU6 3, 9 %g4 REPLY TO All-N OF: m -421 (U. A. W illiams, 427-1719) -. - >' SUBJECT: Elimination of the Sites from the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program To' The File In 1990, with the assistance of Hr. Doug Toukay and Ms. M ichelle Landis, I reviewed a number of sites that had formerly provided goods and/or services to the Fernald facility as subcontractors. For 24 of.these sites, recouwndations were made to eliminate them from further consideration under Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). In each case, I made or reviewed the evaluation, and, in each case, a handwritten evaluation was prepared. This is to provide a more formal record of the decision on these sites and to ratify and confirm the

227

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

LICE F 137: r.e Electr LICE F 137: r.e Electr onic Form App roved by CllR - 1010fJI2002 i/JI~~I United States Government Department of Energy Bonneville Power Admi istration memorandum DATE : REPLY TO AnN OF : KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum TO: Stephen Duncan Project Manager - TERS-3 Proposed Action: Removal of de-stabilized and downed trees resulting from a December 200 8 wind storm on the de-energized Lyons Ultra High Voltage Test Line NO.1. PP&A Project No.: PP&A 1309 Budget Information: Work Order # 184006 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart 0, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B 1.3 Routine maintenance/custodial services for buildings, structures, infrastructures, equipment. Location: Fee-owned ROW on the de-energized Lyons UHV Te st Line No .1 to the south of

228

United States Government Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

B.89) B.89) EFO (07-90) United States Government Department of Energ Memorandum SEP 24 20t DATE: REPLY TO: IG-34 (A04TG032) Audit Report No.: OAS-L-04-21 SUBJECT: Evaluation of "The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Cyber Security Program - 2004" TO: Chairman, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission The purpose of this report is to inform you of the results of our annual evaluation of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's unclassified cyber security program. This evaluation was initiated in June 2004 and our field work was conducted through September 2004. The evaluation methodology is described in the attachment to this report. Introduction and Objective The Commission's increasing reliance on information technology (IT) is consistent with satisfying the President's Management Agenda initiative of expanding electronic

229

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

/18/04 THU 11:31 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG -- /18/04 THU 11:31 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG -- + HQ 1002 DOE F 1325.8 (08-93) United States Government Department of Energy Memorandum DATE: March 17, 2004 Audit Report No. OAS-L-04-1 1 REPLY TO IG-36 (A04DN003) ATTN OF: SUBJECT; Audit of "Requests for Equitable Adjustment at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site" TO: Frazer R. Lockhart, Manager, Rocky Flats Project Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE Effective February 1, 2000, the Department of Energy's (Department) Rocky Flats Project Office (RFPO) and Kaiser-Hill Co., LLC (Kaiser-Hill), entered into a cost- plus-incentive-fee contract to close the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Rocky Flats) by December 15, 2006. Under the contract terms, Kaiser-Hlill's final incentive fee earned will be based on how well it meets established cost targets. For

230

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

. . . .... ...... ..... .. . .. . . .. . , . . . . ..- - --. -- -. , . . DOEF 1325,8 (08.93) United States Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: August 13, 2007 1 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-07-21 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-32 (A06PR047) SUBJECT: Audit of Executive Compensation at Selected National Nuclear Security Administration Sites TO: Director, Policy and Internal Controls Management, NA-66 INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE As part of a Department of Energy-wide audit of executive compensation, we reviewed fourN* Lti nai-.AL 4 ... :.. ,._*i Amiinistration (NiNSA)SsitCe. Speuiiiu-~l we reviewed executive cormpeisation costs incurred and claimed for Fiscal Years 2003, 2004, and 2005 at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Sandia National Laboratories, and the Y-12

231

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

. v-w. . v-w. ' ;H; (07.901 United States Government 0' ; Td 2, <.<~ Department of Energy ' m e m o randum DATE: REPLY TO Al-TN OF: EM-421 (W. A. W illiams, 903-8149) SUBJECT: Authorization for Remedial Action at Alba Craft Laboratory in Oxford, Ohio L. Price, OR TO: The former Alba Craft Laboratory site at lo-14 West Rose Avenue, Oxford, Ohio, is designated for remedial action under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). Dr. and M rs. Gilbert Pacey, of Oxford, Ohio, own the site. This designation is based on the results of a radiological survey and conclusions from an authority review as noted in the attached Designation Summary. Copies of the radiological survey letter report and the authority review are provided for your information.

232

UNITED STATES GOVERKMENT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Ojice Memornndz~nz 0 Ojice Memornndz~nz 0 UNITED STATES GOVERKMENT By application dated ;!ay 11, 1959, as a~zen:ii:d Hay 25, 1959, the a--T+- I-r-- cant requests that its license SW-33 be amend,ed to authorizt? proced- ures for t>e CCLl-ect conversion of LT6 to '3$ and by applicaticn datzci June 29, 1959, a.3 n:odifizd July 15, 1059, the shipment of uranium rdioxide pellets. Based on our rexiew of the information finished by the applicant, it is hereby determined that the applicant is qualified, by training and experience, to use special nuclear material for the pwpose requested and that the ap@icant's procedures, facilities and equip- ment are adequate to protect health and minimize danger to life and property. It is, therefore, determined that ~NM-33 may be amended to

233

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ocy F 1325.8 ocy F 1325.8 rcro1 . 6Fo0?-001 w 2 3-q United States Government Department of Energ) ~mc DATE: AUG 3,9 1994 y$Jf EH-421 (W. A. Yllliams, 427-1719) MA. \tQ SUBJECT: _ Elirinrtion of the Sites froa the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program TQ The File In 1990, with the assistance of Hr. Doug Tonkay and Hr. Nlchelle Landis, I reviewed a number of sites that had fomerly provided goods and/or services to the Fernald facility as subcontractors. For 24 of.these sites, recomendations were made to eliminate them from further consideration under Forwrly Utilized Sites Remedial A&Ion Program (FUSRAP). In each case, I made or reviewed the evaluation, and, in each case, a handwritten evaluation was prepared. This is to provide a more formal record of the decision on these sites l hd to ratify and confim the

234

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

:)£ F 13 :)£ F 13 ;' 5 H e Etectroou: Form Approved by CGJR - 01120195 (n·/w! United States Government Department of Energy Bonneville Power Administration memorandum DATE: 0 I. 7 20D 9 REPLY TO AnN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum TO : Robert Macy Project Manager - TELF-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Perform routine access road maintenance to the Rockdale Microwave site . Budget Information: Work Order #180709 PP&A Project No.: 1389 Categorical Exclusions Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3, Routine maintenance activities .. .for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment. .. routine maintenance activities, corrective .... are required to maintain ... infrastructures . ..in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose.

235

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE:F 1325.8 7 DOE:F 1325.8 7 (08-93) United States Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: April 10, 2006 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-32 (A05AL045) Audit Report Number: OAS-L-06-12 SUBJECT: Audit of Sandia National Laboratories' Safeguards and Security Path Forward Management Plan TO: Associate Administrator for Defense Nuclear Security INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE From 2001 to 2003, approximately 500 security-related findings and observations were identified at Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) by the Department of Energy's Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance (OA), the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Sandia Site Office (SSO), and Sandia's self assessments. Sandia senior management acknowledged the significance of the numerous findings and, in

236

United States Government Memorandum  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Department of Energy United States Government Memorandum DATE: January 26, 2007 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-07-05 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-34 (A06GT035) SUBJECT: Report on "The Department of Energy's Implementation of Revised OMB Circular No. A-123" TO: Acting Chief Financial Officer, CF-1 INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Office of Management arid Budget's (OMB) revised Circular No. A-123 (Circular) requires Federal agencies to assess the adequacy of their internal controls. Beginning in Fiscal Year (FY) 2006, the Circular requires agencies to strengthen their assessment, documentation and testing of internal controls over financial reporting and prepare an annual assurance statement on the operating effectiveness of those controls. In August 2005, the Department of Energy's

237

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4 DOE F 1325.8 (08-93) United States Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: April 23, 2004 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-04-16 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-35 (A04YT023) SUBJECT: Audit Report on "Modernization Activities at the Y-12 National Security Complex" TO: Richard Speidel, Director, Policy and Internal Controls Management, NA-66 INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE As part of the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) nuclear weapons complex, the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) performs critical roles in strengthening national security and reducing the global threat from weapons of mass destruction. The Y-12 modernization plan (plan) seeks to foster the development of a physical plant that is efficient and effective in serving its national security missions. The

238

. United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

,:n5.5.8 ,:n5.5.8 ,849, EfG pw, . United States Government DATE: AUG 2 i994 y#J;; EM-421 (W. A. Williams, 427-1719) sUBJECT: -Elimination of the Robbins & Myers Site, Springfield, Ohio 11179 I The File TO: I have reviewed the attached elimination recommendation and the original historical records for the Myers & Robbins facility in Springfield, Ohio. I have determined that there is little likelihood of radioactive contamination at these sites. The only record of activity at this site by Department of Energy predecessors is an equipment test of a pump in March 1975. This test involved limited amounts of radioactive materials and there was a serious effort to decontaminate the equipment at the conclusion of the tests. Based on the above, the Myers & Robbins site in Springfield, Ohio, is

239

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

DOE F 1325.8 DOE F 1325.8 E&M&& +\A .wz United States Government Department of Energy DATE: RUG 3, 9 %g4 y;;;; EM-421 (W. A. W illiaas, 427-1719) "; :+ 1 SUBJECT: Elimination of the Sites from the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program To' The File In 1990, with the assistance of M r. Doug Tohkay and Ms. M ichelle Landis, I reviewed a number of sites that had formerly provided goods and/or services to the Fernald facility as subcontractors. For 24 of.these sites, recomendations were made to eliminate then from further consideration under Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). In each case, I made or reviewed the evaluation, and, in each case, a handwritten evaluation was prepared. This is to provide a more formal record of the decision on these sites and to ratify and confirm the

240

Uniter+ States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

EFG (07-90) EFG (07-90) Uniter+ States Government ~L.aQ-i; Department of Energy inemorandum DATE: SEP 2 5 1992 REPLY TO Al-fN OF: EM-421 (W. A. W illiams, 903-8149) SUBJECT: Authorization for Remedial Action at the Former Dow Chemical Company Facility in M a d ison, Illinois TO: L. Price, OR The site of the Former Dow Chemical Company in M a d ison, Illinois, which is currently owned and operated by the Spectrulite Consortium, is designated for inclusion in the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). This designation is based upon the results of a preliminary radiological survey and other information described in the attached Designation Summary. The authority determination and preliminary survey report also are attached for information. The site has been assigned a low priority under the FUSRAP protocol, as

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

# Xx i' # Xx i' !325 8 I c&egJw, i&l d, 4 -1 United States Government Department of Energy DATE; AUG 3, 9 !gg4 I REPLYTo m-421 (W. A. Williams, 427-1719) sy I AlTN OF: SUBJECT: Elimination of the Sites from the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program To' The File In 1990, with the assistance of Mr. Doug Tonkay and Ms. Nichelle Landis, I reviewed a number of sites that had formerly provided goods a&/or services to the Fernald facility as subcontractors. For 24 of these sites, recoumendations were made to eliminate them from further consideration under Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). In each case, I made or reviewed the evaluation, and, in each case, a handwritten evaluation was prepared. This is to provide a more

242

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

EFS (07-W EFS (07-W United States Government memorandukn Department of Energy j ; I.-- ' -i;: /J DATE: j.gjG 2 9 1994 REPLY TO En-421 (W. A. Williams, 427-1719) AlTN OF: h p)\;--/ ;,;' J ( SUBJECT: Elimination of the Sites from the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program To' The File In 1990, with the assistance of Ur. Doug Tonkay and Us. Michelle Landis, I reviewed a number of sites that had formerly provided goods and/or services to the Fernald facility as subcontractors. For 24 of.these sites, recoPraendations were made to eliminate them from further consideration under Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). In each case, I made or reviewed the evaluation, and, in each case, a handwritten evaluation was prepared. This is to provide a more

243

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

nUnited States Government Department of Energy Bonneville Power Administration memorandum REPLY TO AnN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum TO: Robert Macy Project Manager - TELF-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Access road improvement and bridge replacement for the Raver-Paul No. transmission line structure 18/1. Budget Information: Work Order # 00220048 PP&A Project No.: 954 Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3, Routine maintenance activities .. .for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment. .. routine maintenance activities, corrective ....are required to

244

United States Government Memorandum  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8/16/07 09:15 FAX 301 903 4656 CAPITAL REGION 8/16/07 09:15 FAX 301 903 4656 CAPITAL REGION * 002 DOE F 1325.8 (08-93) Department of Energy United States Government Memorandum DATE: August 15, 2007 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-07-22 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-34 (A06GT006) SUBJECT: Report on "Hazardous Chemicals Inventory Management at the Savannah River Site" TO: Manager, Savannah River Operations Office BACKGROUND The Savannah River Site (Savannah River) maintains large inventories of hazardous chemicals for its scientific, environmental cleanup and production operations. Many of these chemicals are known carcinogens; some are corrosive, while others are highly flammable. As such, these chemicals can pose serious health and safety risks to workers and members of the public, the environment, and to emergency first responders if not properly managed and controlled.

245

,. United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

i. 001 i. 001 DOE F 1325.8 (8-89) EFG (07-90) ,. United States Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: September 11, 2003 REPLYTO: IG-34 (A03NE045) Audit Report No.: OAS-L-03-20 SUBJECT: Audit of Procurement Administration at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory TO: Director, Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/Chief Financial Officer, ME-1 The purpose of this report is to inform you of the results of our survey of procurement administration at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Laboratory). This review was initiated in May 2003 and fieldwork was conducted through August 2003. Our review methodology is described in an attachment to this report. INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE In Fiscal Year (FY) 2002, the Department of Energy's (Department) management contractors procured approximately $6.4 billion worth of goods and services from

246

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

31/07 THU 18:20 FAX 865 241 3897 OIG --- HQ 31/07 THU 18:20 FAX 865 241 3897 OIG --- HQ 00 DOE F 1325.8 (08&93) United States Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: May 31, 2007 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-07-13 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-32 (A07RL048) SUBJECT: Audit of Safety Allegations Related to the Waste Treatment Plant at the Hanford Site TO: Manager, Office of River Protection INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Department of Energy's (Department) Hanford Site is responsible for treating and preparing 53 million gallons of radioactive and chemically hazardous waste for disposal. Bechtel National, Inc. (Bechtel) is designing, building and commissioning the Waste Treatment Plant (Plant), a category II nuclear facility, which is comprised of a complex of treatment facilities to vitrify and immobilize radioactive waste into a

247

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OEF 1325.8 OEF 1325.8 (U8-93) United States Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: April 11, 2007 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-07-I1 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-32 (A07DN056) SUSJECT: Audit of the Department of Energy's Community and Regulatory Support Funding at the Richland Operations Office TO: Manager, Richland Operations Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Department of Energy's (Department) Office of Environmental Management provided $60.1 million in Community and Regulatory Support funding in Fiscal Year (FY) 2005 to a number of Departm- nt sites. The funding is intended to be used for activities indirectly related to nuclear and hazardous waste cleanup, such as agreements with state regulatory agencies and transportation departments. During FY 2005, the Department's Richland

248

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

a . a . r-z . "*& ., . .. uoi UA o. --.- flI gj UUX DOE F 1325.8 (08.93) United States Government Department of Ene memorandum DATE: August 19, 2004 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-04-18 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-36 (A03IF009) SUBJECT: Audit of the "Revised Pit 9 Cleanup Project at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory" TO: Paul Golan, Acting Assistant Secretary, Office of Environmental Management INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory's (iNEEL) subsurface disposal area was established in 1952 for disposal of solid radioactive waste and now encompasses an area of approximately 88 acres. Wastes from the INEEL and other Department of Energy (Department) sites, rmost notably Rocky Flats, were buried in

249

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

vu & . vu & . ,I / v a L U ; .8 " ',X v &..'*. "o uu V"x Ijo tf J ,*- , , i 4 w i tiJ U U 1 OEF S.a 135 (0B93) United States Government - Department of Energy memorandum DATE: February 27, 2007 REPLY TO Audit Repor Number: OAS-L-07-08 ATTN OF: IG-32 (A06ID015) SUBJECT: Audit of the "Design of the Engineered Barrier System at the Yucca Mountain Site" TO: Principal Deputy Director, Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTrVE In accordance with the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, the Department of Energy's (Department) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is responsible for designing, licensing, constructing, and operating a repository, known as Yucca Mountain, for the permanent disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level -

250

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

F 1325.8 F 1325.8 (08-93) United States Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: August 13, 2007 . . Audit Report Number: OAS-L-07-18 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-32 (A07PR061) SUBJECT: Audit of Executive Compensation at Brookhaven National Laboratory TO: Manager, Brookhaven Site Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE As part of a Department of Energy-wide audit of executive compensation, we reviewed executive compensation at the Office of Science's Brookhaven National La --- _ .r . . tc. av .... n . Ou audit covered executive cuupoci'A ;is in curred and claimed for Fiscal Years 2003, 2004, and 2005. Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC, operated Brookhaven under Department of Energy (Department) contract number DE-AC02-98CH10886. The amount of executive compensation that can be reimbursed to Department

251

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

')/06 MON 14:28 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG ')/06 MON 14:28 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG --- HQ 1o001 ,O " F 1325.8 (08-93) United States Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: April 10, 2006 Audit Report No.: OAS-L-06-11 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-32 (A05ID043) SUBJECT: Audit of "Contract Transition Activities at the Idaho Operations Office" TO: Manager, Idaho Operations Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Department of Energy's Idaho Operations Office has ongoing missions focused primarily in the areas of nuclear energy and environmental cleanup. From October 1, 1999 to February 1, 2005, Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC (Bechtel) managed facility operations for both of these missions. In Fiscal Year 2005, two separate contracts began in order to add focus and clarity to each respective mission. First, the Idaho National

252

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

-93) -93) United States Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: July 12, 2007 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-07-15 REPLY TO ATnN OF: IG-32 (A07ID055) SUBJECr: Audit of the Idaho National Laboratory Facility Footprint Reduction TO: Manager, Idaho Operations Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTTVE On February 1, 2005, Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC (BEA) assumed responsibility for managing and operating the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) for the Department of Energy (Department) under a new 10 year contract. ThI m.ion for ,the L s to nntance the Nation's energy security by becoming the preeminent, internationally recognized nuclear energy research, development, and demonstration laboratory.. To accomplish this mission, BEA proposed aggressive infrastructure initiatives

253

United States Government Departmen  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7/05 TUE 07:58 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG -** HQ @]002 7/05 TUE 07:58 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG -** HQ @]002 DOE F 1325.8 (08-93) United States Government Departmen of Energy memorandum DATE: December 20, 2005 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-06-03 REPLY TO A1TN OF; IG-36 (A05SR025) SUBJECT: Audit of "Defense Waste Processing Facility Operations at the Savannah River Site" TO: Jeffrey M. Allison, Manager, Savannah River Operations Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Department of Energy's (Department) Savannah River Site stores approximately 36 million gallons of liquid, high-level radioactive waste in 49 underground waste storage tanks. The contents of the waste tanks are broadly characterized as either "sludge waste" or "salt waste". Sludge waste is insoluble and settles to the bottom of a waste tank, beneath a layer of liquid supernate. Salt

254

* United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

-- -- DE;$r,e /q f-j * I3 - I * United States Government memorandum MAY 21 I991 DATE: REPLY TO Al-fN OF: 4ih55YhL Department of Energy JT:,i 5, f&A 0 ' - j4.~, ' -/ jl.a' \ A t -3 __..-_-. EM-421 SUBJECT: Elimination of the American Potash and Chemical Site The File TO: I have reviewed the attached site summary and elimination recommendation for the American Potash and Chemical Company Site in West Hanover, Massachusetts. I have determined that there is little likelihood of radioactive contamination at this site. Based on the above, the American Potash and Chemical Company site is hereby eliminated from further consideration under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. W. Alexander Williams, PhD Designation and Certification Manager

255

United States Goveinment  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

,325.B ,325.B jO8.93) United States Goveinment ~~~rntir-andu~rvi Depr?rtnient of Energy \L, IO' " 1' !ATE:' MAY i o 1995 ,' Kzb9. ":cz$ EM-421 (W.,A. Williams, 301-903-8149) SUBJECT: Records for the West Chicago Site .The File TO: After review.of the available r&rds concerning the former 'Lindsay Light and Chemical.Corhpany site in West Chicago, Illinois. I have determined that it is not necessary to transmit Department of Energy (DOE) records to the municipa,llty to inform public officials of the activities at this ~ site. This site has been licgnsed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for many.years, and the nature of the. rare'earth and thorium production at the site, are well known. Remediation of this faci'lity ii~ being addressed by the current owner, 'the NRC, the U.S; Environmental

256

; United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Don F 1328.8 Don F 1328.8 . . .449J ' Em wm ; United States Government , % - memorandum L c*m Al.)G 2 9 a34 yz;; EM-421 (If. A. Willlams, 427-1719) lq,iMAL Department of Energy m5 MA, \i& SUBJECT: Elimination of the Sites from the Formerly Utllized Sites Remedial A&Ion Prograa ' a The File In 1990, with the assistance of Hr. Doug Tonkay and Ms. Htchelle L&is, I reviewed a number of sites that had fomerly provided goods and/or services to the Fernald faclllty as subcontractors. For 24 of.these sites, recoarwndations were ude to eliainate thm from further consideratton under Formerly Utilized Sites Reaedial Actlon Progrm (FUSRAP). In each case, I made or revlewed the evaluation, and, in each case, a handwritten evaluation was prepared. This is to provide a more

257

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

'.... '|le , * f C. '.... '|le , * f C. Office Memorandum · UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT .-- J TO ' Leo Graup, Chief, DATE: September 29, 1958 Property Management Branch rFi0 : M. S. Weinstein Industrial Hygiene Branch, HASL SUBJBT: SURVEY AT HAIST PROPETIY SYMBOL: HSH:MSW. Thisl property was purchased during MED operation and used as a dumping ground for refinery residues generated by Linde Air Products during their period of participation in the refinery operations program. \It 2 consists of 10 acres in addition to a perpetual .ease- ment right to a strip of land, 10 feet wide and 3600 feet long. The area is located in North Tonawanda, New York near the Niagara River. Because of the growth of adjacent industries, this particular piece of property has appreciated in value. During its tenure as responsible property management office, Oak

258

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

OOE F 1325.8 OOE F 1325.8 - EFgzk3) United States Government tiemorandum 0 wt;? -J Department of Energy DATE: SEP 2 5 1992 REPLY TO Al-TN OF: EM-421 (W. A. W illiams, 903-8149) SUBJECT: Authorization for Remedial Action at Diamond Magnesium Site in Painesville, Ohio TO: L. Price, OR The former Diamond Magnesium Company site located at 720 Fairport-Nursery Road in Painesville, Ohio, is designated for remedial action under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). The site is owned by Uniroyal Chemical Company and by Lonza Chemical, Incorporated. This designation is based on the results of a radiological survey and conclusions from an authority review as noted in the attached Designation Summary. Copies of the radiological survey reports and the authority

259

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Z&Et,? y-p . c' Z&Et,? y-p . c' )7q/ I cuq,~ United States Government Department of Energy memoranduin I " . : I ;/ ,I DATE: hufi 2 9 1594 \ ' - y:oTFq M-421 (W. A. Ylllius, 427-1719) ' ii Y - SIJWECT: Elimination of the Sites from the Formerly Utilfzed Sites Remedial Actjon Progru TO The File In 1990, with the assistance of Mr. reviewed a number of sites that had services to the Fernald facility as sites, recommendations were made to ___ _- _ consideration under Formerly Utiltzed Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). In each case, I made or reviewed the evaluation, and, in each case, a handwritten evaluation was prepared. This is to provide a more formal record of the decision on these sites and to ratify and confirm the prior elimination of each site froa FUSRAP.

260

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

DOE F t325.8 DOE F t325.8 (s8s) Dl? l 36-z EFG (07-90) United States Government m e m o randum Department of Energy DATE: LUG 2 ' 3 1394 ",cl,'," EM-421 (W. A. W illiams, 427-1719) SUBJECT: Elimination of the Sites from the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program To' The File In 1990, with the assistance of M r. Doug Tonkay and Ms. M ichelle Landis, I reviewed a number of sites that had formerly provided goods and/or services to the Fernald facility as subcontractors. For 24 of these sites, recoamnendations were aade to eliminate them from further consideration under Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). In each case, I made or reviewed the evaluation, and, in each case, a handwritten evaluation was prepared. This is to provide a more

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

- United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

8 8 my EFG (07.90) . - United States Government . * Department of. Energy * inemorandum DATE: DEC :! ;j 1993 REPLY TO ATTN OF: EM-421 (W.'A. W illiams, 903-8149) : NY 41 I .' 41 G I? SUBJECT: Elimination of the T itanium Alloy Manufacturing Co., Niagara Falls, New York TO: The F ile I have reviewed the attached site. summary and elimination recommendation for the T itanium Alloy Manufacturing Company. I have determined that the potential for radiological contamination is low because of the lim ited duration of the activities at the site. Further, at least some of the contractual activities at the site were licensed under the Atomic Energy Act, and the licensed activities are thereby disqualified from further consideration under the Department of Energy's Formerly Utilized Sites

262

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

UOEF 1325.8 UOEF 1325.8 (5831 , - a.. L . . L. . c ,, . . . t ,' <, .* -,. .--1^ a "-2 (J 7 , pe-;L, United States Government memorandum Departmen: of Energy DATEAUG 1 0 1984 REPLY TO Al-fN OF: NE-20 SUBJECT: Action Description Memorandum (ADM) Review: Wayne, New Jersey Proposed 1984 Remedial Actions at TO: File After reviewing all of the pertinent facts including the attached Action Description Memorandum (ADM), I have determined that the remedial action described in the subject ADM is an action which in and of itself will have a clearly insignificant impact on the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq. The Conference Report accompanying the Energy and Water Appropriation Act

263

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

I8 891 I8 891 EFG (07.90) United States Government m e m o randum bepartrne% of Energy -P ' ; N. A *I Pi id : DATE: AUG 3, 9 1994 REPLY TO Al-iN OF: EM-421 (W. A. W illiams, 427-1719) r, )' \, ! c ' d, ' t ' 3 ' 2 -L SUBJECT: Elimination of the Sites from the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program To' The File In 1990, with the assistance of M r. Doug Tonlsay and Ms. M ichelle Landis, I reviewed a nmber of sites that had formerly provided goods and/or services to the Fernald facility as subcontractors. For 24 of.these sites, recommdations were made to eliminate them from further consideration under Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). In each case, I made or reviewed the evaluation, and, in each case, a handwritten evaluation was prepared. This is to provide a more

264

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

81278 81278 United States Government Department of Energy memorandum - ?71 S.EP 23 F; i: 54 DATE: SEP 1 8 1991 REPLY TO ATTNOF: EM-421 (P. Blom, 3-8148) SUBJECT: Approved Categorical Exclusion for Removal Actions at Elza Gate, Tennessee TO: Lester K. Price, OR Attached is a copy of the approved Categorical Exclusion (CX) for removal of contaminated material at the Elza Gate site in Tennessee. The removal action involves the removal of radioactive contaminated soil and concrete as well as the removal of Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) contaminated soil. This CX was approved by Carol Borgstrom, Office of National Environmental Policy Act Oversight (EH-25), September 9, 1991. Paul F. Blom Off-Site Branch Division of Eastern Area Programs Office of Environmental Restoration

265

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

D;F&g,8 C-r-I 3-3 D;F&g,8 C-r-I 3-3 .*. United States Government . memorandum DATE: JUNZO 1994 -... REPLY TO A?TN OF: EM-421 (W. A. Williams, 903-8149) Authority Determination -- Combustion Engineering Site, Windsor, SUBJECT: Connecticut To' The File The attached review, documents the basis for determining whether the Department of Energy (DOE) has authority for taking remedial action at the Combustion Engineering (CE) Site in Windsor, Connecticut, under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. CE was a prime contractor for the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and performed high-enriched uranium fuel fabrication work from 1955 to 1967. The services furnished at the CE site included some experimental work; however, it primarily consisted of fabrication of high-enriched uranium

266

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

DOEF1325.8 P4 0 * 1 - 1 DOEF1325.8 P4 0 * 1 - 1 - Iq \ b- United States Government memorandum pJ .T\ \b Department of Energy DATE: OCT 9 1984 REPLY TO NE-20 All-N OF: .- Authorizations for Actions Under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action SUBJECT: Program (FUSRAP) at the St. Louis Airport Storage Site, St. Louis, MO. and the W. R. Grace Site at Curtis Bay, Md. To: J. LaGrone, Manager Oak Ridge Operations Office St. Louis Airport Storage Site, MO The House and Senate Reports for the Energy and Water Development Appropriation Act (P.L. 98-360) directed the Department of Energy "...to take the necessary steps to consolidate and dispose of the waste material from the Latty Avenue site and nearby St. Louis Airport vicinity properties locally, by reacquiring, stabilizing, and using the old 21.7

267

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ooc F r325.8 ooc F r325.8 imo, EFO ,ww United States Government memorandum Department of Energy -fw?w 81ua DATE: FEB 1 5 1991 l+Ks6 sUsJECT: Elimination of the Buflovak Company Site from FUSRAP ho: The File I have reiiewed the attached preliminary site summary and recommendation for the Buflovak Company site in Buffalo, New York. I have determined that there is little likelihood of contamination at this site. Based on the above, the Buflovak Company site is hereby eliminated from further consideration under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. W. Alexander Williams Designation and Certification Manager Off-Site Branch Division of Eastern Area Programs Office of Environmental Restoration Attachment - I . b e e : W e s to n E M - 4 0 ( 3 ) E M - 4 2 ( 2 ) W illiams r

268

United States Attorney General  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

93, 5 U.S. Op. Off. Legal Counsel 1, 1981 WL 30865 (U.S.A.G.) 93, 5 U.S. Op. Off. Legal Counsel 1, 1981 WL 30865 (U.S.A.G.) United States Attorney General ***1 *293 January 16, 1981 **1 The President The White House Washington, D.C. 20500 MY DEAR MR. PRESIDENT: You have asked my opinion concerning the scope of currently existing legal and constitutional authorities for the continuance of government functions during a temporary lapse in appropriations, such as the Government sustained on October 1, 1980. As you know, some initial determination concerning the extent of these authorities had to be made in the waning hours of the last fiscal year in order to avoid extreme administrative confusion that might have arisen from Congress' failure timely to enact 11 of the 13 anticipated regular appropriations bills, FN;B1[FN1]FN;F1 or a

269

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3/02 TUE 08:59 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG *-* HQ 00o2 3/02 TUE 08:59 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG *-* HQ 00o2 DOE F 132,.8 W.I: ((07.9u) United States Government Department of Energy Memorandum DATE: December 2, 2002 REPLY TO REPLY TO -36 (A02SR013) Audit Report No.: OAS-L-03-07 ATTN OF: SUBJECT: Audit of Subcontracting Practices at the Savannah River Site TO: Jeffrey M. Allison, Acting Manager, Savannah River Operations Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Department of Energy (Department) has contracted with Westinghouse Savannah River Company, LLC (Westinghouse) to manage and operate the Savannah River Site (Savannah River) through September 30, 2006. As of August 2, 2002, Westinghouse had 534 open and active service procurements worth $100,000 or more each, with a total value of about $518 million, that it had awarded since October 1996.

270

United States Goverment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6/03 15:37 FAX 301 903 4656 _ CAPITAL REGION * FORS FIVEA 91002/004 6/03 15:37 FAX 301 903 4656 _ CAPITAL REGION * FORS FIVEA 91002/004 DOE-F 1325.8 (68-93) Depament of Energy United States Goverment Department of Energy Memorandum OFFICE OF .NSPECTOR GENERAL DATE: February 26, 2003 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-34 (A02CG004) Audit Report No.: OAS-L-03-11 SUBJECT: Audit of the Office of Science Infrastructure Modernization Initiatives TO: Acting Associate Director, Office of Laboratory Operations and Environment, Safety and Health, SC-80 The purpose of this report is to inform you of the results of our audit of the Office of Science's infrastructure modernization initiatives. The audit was performed between May and September 2002 at Departmental Headquarters, Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Argonne National Laboratory. The audit methodology is described in

271

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

w w f.b wr w f k--w .^^- - w w f.b wr w f k--w .^^- - - r - T- - * -* p -ldt - f f - - -J -vv- A n JV DOE F 1325.8 (08-93) United States Government ------- Department of Energy memorandum DATE: June 15, 2006 REPLY TO Audit Report Number: OAS-L-06-15 ATTN OF: IG-32 (A05SR029) SUBJECT Audit of "Storage Capacity of the Iligh Level Waste Tanks at the Savannah River TO: Manager, Savannah River Operations Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Savannah River Site in South Carolina currently stores about 36 million gallons of waste in 49 active underground storag,* .ks. Twenty-two of these .anks do not meet Environmcntal Protection A&-.y (EPA) requirements ybr full secondary containment and must be emptied and closed by 2022 in accordance with a closure schedule approved by the EPA and the 5oith Carolina Department

272

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0/02 WED 09:58 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG 0/02 WED 09:58 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG -.- +-+ HQ ]002 rFG (07-;1) United States Government Department of Energy Memorandum DATE: October 29, 2002 REPLY TO 1G-36 (A02DN028) Audit Report No.: OAS-L-03-01 ATTN OF; SUBJECT: Audit of Procurement at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site TO: Eugene Schmitt, Manager, Rocky Flats Field Office ' INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Department of Energy (Department) and its site contractor, Kaiser-Hill Company, LLC (Kaiser-Hill), contracted in January 2000 to close the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Rocky Flats) by a target date of December'15, 2006. As of May 2002, Kaiser-Hill had awarded 784 procurements worth more than $25,000 each, with a total value of about $368.6 million, to support the complex activities required for site closure.

273

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

uV,./ J.r./ i L .. * i. uV,./ J.r./ i L .. * i. 0 r '± J o ,. NL . Jurt -. rur.mO rI[ V Jg, ]VJUU"/UU4 DOE F 1325.8 (08-93) United States Government Department of Energy Memorandum OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL DATE: January 10, 2006 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-34 (A06GT029) Audit Report No.: OAS-L-06-06 SUBJECT: Review of the Independent Auditor's Report on The Institute for Genomic Research for the Year Ending December 31, 2004 * TO: Manager, Chicago Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Institute for Genomic Research (Institute) in Rockville, Maryland is a not-for- profit center that studies areas such as plant, microbial and mammalian genomics. The Institute receives funding from seven Federal agencies to advance its research and development. As required by the Office of Management and Budget (0MB)

274

Phase control of the photofragment branching ratio of the HI molecule in two intense few-cycle laser pulses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A time-dependent quantum wave packet method is used to calculate the branching ratio of photodissociation products of the HI molecule in two-color intense few-cycle laser pulses with varying relative phase. It is demonstrated that the relative phase between two intense few-cycle pulses (? and 2?) can be used for controlling the branching ratio of the photodissociation products I(P3?22) and I(P1?22) of the HI molecule. The nonadiabatic effect of the crossing potential energy curves on the photodissociation product yields of the HI molecule is also discussed.

Sen-Ming Wang; Kai-Jun Yuan; Ying-Yu Niu; Yong-Chang Han; Shu-Lin Cong

2006-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

275

Next Generation Rooftop Unit | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Generation Rooftop Unit A typical commercial rooftop air-conditioning unit (RTU) Credit: Oak Ridge National Lab A typical commercial rooftop air-conditioning unit (RTU) Credit:...

276

Testing of a loop heat pipe experimental apparatus under varied acceleration.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An experimental apparatus was designed and fabricated to test a Loop Heat Pipe under varied acceleration. The experiment consisted of both flight and ground testing… (more)

Kurwitz, Richard Cable

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

UNIT NUMBER SWMU 175 UNIT NAME: Concrete Rubble Pile (28...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

75 UNIT NAME: Concrete Rubble Pile (28) REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Outside Security Fence, East of C-360 Building in KPDES Outfall Ditch 002. APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 400 ft...

278

Final Report on Isotope Ratio Techniques for Light Water Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Isotope Ratio Method (IRM) is a technique for estimating the energy or plutonium production in a fission reactor by measuring isotope ratios in non-fuel reactor components. The isotope ratios in these components can then be directly related to the cumulative energy production with standard reactor modeling methods.

Gerlach, David C.; Gesh, Christopher J.; Hurley, David E.; Mitchell, Mark R.; Meriwether, George H.; Reid, Bruce D.

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

.---.-.-.--.- -.--..- .---.-.-.--.- -.--..- Department of Enery y memorandum si!%.rE:.c;. Letter Re,porr on "Sandi;;, Natianai .I:,al-ji~;.utory-?L'::'~~i bIe.xieo Stetdent hitern Saf2i-y Training" INS.-L.-OX-46 ('hspeztion 'i'4o. SOS:IS007:) Mzfiager:, Sandla Size 0fr"ice '7'his I.,etter Xtepor? provid.es the results of an CBffice ofInspec1-or Gel~eriii inspection of the student intern safety P P . O ~ T . ~ I X J af the Dcpaxtn~cnt of Energy's (Di:>Ilys] Srnnr1i.a National X,;ll,r>ratr>ry -S.Ist~xi bfexico (Sandia). Saldia is a Na~.ionsl !';i.uclear Security A cii~~i.r~isrmf.ic~~i (h%-SP,) facility operated by Sanldia Clc~q)i~r;it.iu~~. Saildia's missioi~ is ti) meet nu~iiaria! needs i r ~ thit arcas of nuclear we&pons, energy and Infrasrruci-ure stssalriirlce, nonprolik,ratio~.l> defense systems mlij assessl-raents, a

280

Second United Nations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

i' i' Second United Nations t Jnternational Conference 1 , of Atomic Energy on the Peaceful Uses 4 i \ Confidential until official release during Conference ORIGINAL: ENGLISH METHODS O F PARTICLE DETECTION FOR HIGH-ENERGY PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS t * H. B r a d n e r and D. A. Glaser - INTRODUCTION J 1 % c Recent advances in our knowledge of t h e phenomena of high-energy physics and o'f the e l e m e n t a r y p a r t i c l e s h a s r e s u l t e d f r o m rapid advances in the technology of p a r t i c l e a c c e l e r a t o r s and the art of p a r t i c l e detection. cl'asses: (1) the "track-imaging" device in which one s e e s o r photographs t r a c k s which coincide with the a c t u a l path taken by the p a r t i c l e s , and ( 2 ) counting d e - v i c e s which give only an indication that the p a r t i c l e s p a s s somewhere in the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

uq/Uu.3/uo U-L:i ' rAA OuL a uo oUu. 0tri.l± i m,.i,*, u". run.' r.yrcir V e.u uq/Uu.3/uo U-L:i ' rAA OuL a uo oUu. 0tri.l± i m,.i,*, u". run.' r.yrcir V e.u O000DOE F 1325.8 (08-93) Department of Energy United States Government Department of Energy Memorandum OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL DATE: March 31,2006 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-34 (A05TG028) Audit Report No.: OAS-L-06-10 SUBJECT: Report on Audit of "The Department's Information Technology Capital Planning and Investment Control Process" TO: Chief Information Officer, IM-1 INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE Federal guidance requires that Agencies develop and implement capital planning and investment control (CPIC) processes to help ensure that their major information technology investments achieve intended outcomes, represent the best allocation of resources, and reach strategic goals and objectives. The Department of Energy

282

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2/04 THU 14:52 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG -**- HQ l015 2/04 THU 14:52 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG -**- HQ l015 ol: Fi 13 5.8 (8-09) £1*G (in'mi^)) United States Government Department of Energy Memorandum DATE: April. 22, 2004 REPLY TO ATTN OF: T -36 (A04RL018) Audit Report No.: OAS-L-04-15 SUBJECT: Audit of Disposition of Excess Facilities at the Hanford Site TO: Keith A. Klein, Manager, Richland Operations Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Hanford Site (Hanford) is the largest of the three original defense production sites founded during World War II. Between 1943 and 1963, nine plutonium production reactors were built along the Columbia River and five processing facilities were built on the site's Central Plateau, with about 1,000 support facilities. Currently, Hanford has a total of 1,500 facilities of which an estimated 1,000 are excess to current and future mission

283

United States Goverment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

UO/J±0ou4 TcdJ ± O:S'. Aa. ou* o *.I. I 01j ' . UO/J±0ou4 TcdJ ± O:S'. Aa. ou* o *.I. I 01j ' . - - 00E F 1325,8 (08-93) United States Goverment Department of Energy memorandum DATE: August 13, 2007 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-07-19 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-32 (A07PR059) SUBJECT: Audit of Executive Compensation at Selected Office of Science Sites TO: Chief Operating, Officer, Office of Science INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE As part of a Department of Energy-wide audit of executive compensation, we reviewed seven Office of Science sites. Specifically, we reviewed executive compensation costs incurred ~,r claim~.- fr- F".*l*- Y. rs 2003, 2 , and 2005 at - Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne), Brookhaven National Laboratory (Brookhaven), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Princeton Plasma Physics

284

United States Government Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1/03 07:45 FAX 301 903 4656 CAPITAL REGION -* FORS FIVEA I002/004 1/03 07:45 FAX 301 903 4656 CAPITAL REGION -* FORS FIVEA I002/004 DOE F 1325 ' (8-69) EFO (07-90) United States Government Department of Eneray memorandum DATE: PR17 2003 Audit Report No.: OAS-L-03-14 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-34 (A03PT040) SUBJECT: Audit of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EE) Grants, Subsidies, and Cost Sharing Arrangements TO: Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, EE-1 The purpose of this report is to inform you of the results of our review of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EE) incentive payments and cost-share arrangements. The review was initiated in February 2003, and fieldwork was conducted through April 2003 at Department of Energy (Department) Headquarters. Our methodology is described in the attachment to this report.

285

Unit Process Library | netl.doe.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Unit Process Library LCA Projects Models-Tools Presentations Unit Process Library A unit process is the smallest building block in a life cycle model. Each unit process contains...

286

Regularization and model selection for quantile varying coefficient model with categorical effect modifiers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A varying coefficient model with categorical effect modifiers is an effective modeling strategy when the data set includes categorical variables. With categorial predictors the number of parameters can become very large. This paper focuses on the model ... Keywords: Categorical effect modifiers, Fused Lasso, Quantile regression, Variable selection, Varying coefficient model

Weihua Zhao, Riquan Zhang, Jicai Liu

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

4.1.1.6 Quiet and slowly varying radio emissions Arnold O. Benz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4.1.1.6 Quiet and slowly varying radio emissions of the sun Arnold O. Benz The solar atmosphere emits radio emission at all wavelengths and at all times. Its total flux density varies with magnetic. It is reached when the sun has been free of spots for some weeks. This is called the quiet radio emission

288

Optimal Multi-scale Capacity Planning under Hourly Varying Electricity Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimal Multi-scale Capacity Planning under Hourly Varying Electricity Prices Sumit Mitra Ignacio;2 Motivation of this work · Deregulation of the electricity markets caused electricity prices to be highly? (retrofit) · Challenge: Multi-scale nature of the problem! Hourly varying electricity prices vs. 10-15 years

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

289

Integrated storage and querying of spatially varying data quality information in a relational spatial database  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated storage and querying of spatially varying data quality information in a relational Variation in Quality Keywords Spatial data quality; spatial database; relational database management system for storing and retrieving spatially varying data quality information in a relational spatial database. Rather

Duckham, Matt

290

Utility-Optimal Scheduling in Time-Varying Wireless Networks with Delay Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

propose an on-line scheduling policy and prove that it is utility- optimal. Surprisingly, this policy doesUtility-Optimal Scheduling in Time-Varying Wireless Networks with Delay Constraints I-Hong Hou CSL-varying environment, we consider the system problem of maximizing the total utility of clients, where the utilities

291

Analysis of Heart Rate Variability Using Time-Varying Filtering of Heart Transplanted Patients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of Heart Rate Variability Using Time-Varying Filtering of Heart Transplanted Patients the heart rate variability (HRV), obtained by using the time-varying integral pulse frequency modulation (TVIPFM) which is well adapted to the exercise stress testing. We consider that the mean heart period

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

292

Stability criteria for BAM neural networks with leakage delays and probabilistic time-varying delays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with the stability criteria for bidirectional associative memory (BAM) neural networks with leakage time delay and probabilistic time-varying delays. By establishing a stochastic variable with Bernoulli distribution, the information ... Keywords: BAM neural networks, Leakage delay, Probabilistic time-varying delays

S. Lakshmanan, Ju H. Park, Tae H. Lee, H. Y. Jung, R. Rakkiyappan

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Year-Long Time-Varying 3D Air Quality Data Visualization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Year-Long Time-Varying 3D Air Quality Data Visualization Aidong Lu, Wei Chen, William Ribarsky, and David Ebert Abstract. Understanding air quality data is important for many environmental and climatic knowledge templates for visually analyzing multi-field, time-varying 3D air quality data. Specifically, we

Lu, Aidong

294

Transmutation characteristics of minor actinides in a low aspect ratio tokamak fusion reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The transmutation characteristics of minor actinides in the transmutation reactor of a low aspect ratio (LAR) tokamak are investigated. One-dimensional neutron transport and burn-up calculations coupled with a tokamak systems analysis were performed to determine optimal system parameters. The dependence of the transmutation characteristics, including the neutron multiplication factor, produced power, and the transmutation rate, on the aspect ratio A in the range of 1.5–2.0 was examined. By adding Pu239 to the transmutation blanket as a neutron multiplication material, it was shown that a single transmutation reactor producing a fusion power of 150 MWth can destroy minor actinides contained in the spent fuels for more than 38 units of 1 GWe pressurized water reactors (PWRs) while producing a power in the range of 1.8–6.8 GWth.

B.G. Hong; S.Y. Moon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Mg isotope ratios in giant stars of the globular clusters M 13 and M 71  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present Mg isotope ratios in 4 red giants of the globular cluster M 13 and 1 red giant of the globular cluster M 71 based on spectra obtained with HDS on the Subaru Telescope. We confirm earlier results by Shetrone that for M 13, the ratio varies from (25+26)Mg/24Mg = 1 in stars with the highest Al abundance to (25+26)Mg/24Mg = 0.2 in stars with the lowest Al abundance. However, we separate the contributions of all three isotopes and find a spread in the ratio 24Mg:25Mg:26Mg with values ranging from 48:13:39 to 78:11:11. As in NGC 6752, we find a positive correlation between 26Mg and Al, an anticorrelation between 24Mg and Al, and no correlation between 25Mg and Al. In M 71, our one star has a ratio 70:13:17. For both clusters, the lowest ratios of 25Mg/24Mg and 26Mg/24Mg exceed those observed in field stars at the same metallicity, a result also found in NGC 6752. The contribution of 25Mg to the total Mg abundance is constant within a given cluster and between clusters with 25Mg/(24+25+26)Mg = 0.13. For M 13 and NGC 6752, the ranges of the Mg isotope ratios are similar and both clusters show the same correlations between Al and Mg isotopes suggesting that the same process is responsible for the abundance variations in these clusters. While existing models fail to reproduce all the observed abundances, we continue to favor the scenario in which two generations of AGB stars produce the observed abundances. A first generation of metal-poor AGB stars pollutes the entire cluster and is responsible for the large ratios of 25Mg/24Mg and 26Mg/24Mg observed in cluster stars with compositions identical to field stars at the same metallicity. Differing degrees of pollution by a second generation of AGB stars of the same metallicity as the cluster provides the star-to-star scatter in Mg isotope ratios.

David Yong; Wako Aoki; David L. Lambert

2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

296

Impending United States Energy Crisis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...profiles for typical oil and gas reservoirs are shown in...period of time, while gas reservoirs decline much...reservoir is the ratio of remaining reserves to production...can be high early in the life ofa new field or when...ratios for many years. Gas reservoirs have lower...

ROBERT L. HIRSCH

1987-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

297

d/p and t/p ratios in nucleon-nucleus and heavy ion reactions: Can entropy be determined?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The relative yields of high energy deuterons and tritons as compared to protons have been measured in p+Kr, 16O+Kr and 20Ne+Ar reactions with a continuously varying beam energy up to 500A (400A)?MeV. Statistical (expanding) evaporation models are not able to reproduce these d/p or t/p ratios, which for high particle energy (>30?MeV) increase smoothly with beam energy. Models that contain nucleon-nucleon scattering, like cascade or nuclear molecular dynamics models, can only reproduce the ratios if a final-state interaction is introduced via the coalescence prescription. The coalescence radius that best fit the data is rather constant over wide beam energy intervals. Entropy can, however, not be directly determined from these ratios.

A. Fokin et al. ((CHIC Collaboration))

1999-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

298

Meteotsunami in the Great Lakes and on the Atlantic coast of the United States generated by the “derecho” of June 29–30, 2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tsunami-like intense sea-level oscillations, associated with atmospheric activity (meteorological tsunamis), are common in the Great Lakes and on the East Coast of the United States. They are generated by vari...

Jadranka Šepi?; Alexander B. Rabinovich

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Best Practice for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Fan-FilterUnits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The HVAC systems in cleanrooms may use 50 percent or more of the total cleanroom energy use. Fan energy use accounts for a significant portion (e.g., over 50%) of the HVAC energy use in cleanrooms such as ISO Classes 3, 4, or 5. Three types of air-handling systems for recirculating airflows are commonly used in cleanrooms: (1) fan-tower systems with pressurized plenum, (2) ducted HEPA systems with distributed-fans, and (3) systems with fan-filter units. Because energy efficiency of the recirculation systems could vary significantly from system type to system type, optimizing aerodynamic performance in air recirculation systems appears to be a useful approach to improve energy efficiency in cleanrooms. Providing optimal airflows through careful planning, design and operation, including air change rate, airflow uniformity, and airflow speed, is important for controlling particle contamination in cleanrooms. In practice, the use of fan-filter units (FFUs) in the air-handling system is becoming more and more popular because of this type of system may offer a number of advantages. Often modular and portable than traditional recirculation airflow systems, FFUs are easier to install, and can be easily controlled and monitored to maintain filtration performance. Energy efficiency of air handling systems using fan-filter units can, however, be lower than their counterparts and may vary significantly from system to system because of the difference in energy performance, airflow paths, and the operating conditions of FFUs.

Xu, Tengfang

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

Poisson's ratio and porosity at Coso geothermal area, California | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Poisson's ratio and porosity at Coso geothermal area, California Poisson's ratio and porosity at Coso geothermal area, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Poisson's ratio and porosity at Coso geothermal area, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: High-resolution, three-dimensional, compressional and shear wave velocity models, derived from microearthquake traveltimes, are used to map the distribution of Poisson's ratio and porosity at Coso Geothermal Area, Inyo County, California. Spatial resolution of the three-dimensional Poisson's ratio and porosity distributions is estimated to be 0.5 km horizontally and 0.8 km vertically. Model uncertainties, + or -1% in the interior and + or -2.3% around the edge of the model, are estimated by a jackknife method. We use perturbations of r = V p /V s ratio and Psi = V p

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A statefinder luminosity distance formula in varying speed of light cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive a luminosity distance formula for the varying speed of light (VSL) theory which involves higher order characteristics of expansion such as jerk, snap and lerk which can test the impact of varying $c$ onto the evolution of the universe. We show that the effect of varying $c$ is possible to be isolated due to the relations connecting observational parameters already by measuring the second-order term in redshift $z$ unless there is a redundancy between the curvature and an exotic fluid of cosmic strings scaling the same way as the curvature.

Adam Balcerzak; Mariusz P. Dabrowski

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

A statefinder luminosity distance formula in varying speed of light cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive a luminosity distance formula for the varying speed of light (VSL) theory which involves higher order characteristics of expansion such as jerk, snap and lerk which can test the impact of varying $c$ onto the evolution of the universe. We show that the effect of varying $c$ is possible to be isolated due to the relations connecting observational parameters already by measuring the second-order term in redshift $z$ unless there is a redundancy between the curvature and an exotic fluid of cosmic strings scaling the same way as the curvature.

Balcerzak, Adam

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

GUM Analysis for TIMS and SIMS Isotopic Ratios in Graphite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes GUM calculations for TIMS and SIMS isotopic ratio measurements of reactor graphite samples. These isotopic ratios are used to estimate reactor burn-up, and currently consist of various ratios of U, Pu, and Boron impurities in the graphite samples. The GUM calculation is a propagation of error methodology that assigns uncertainties (in the form of standard error and confidence bound) to the final estimates.

Heasler, Patrick G.; Gerlach, David C.; Cliff, John B.; Petersen, Steven L.

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Corrective Action Management Units and Temporary Units. RCRA Information Brief  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On February 16, 1993 the EPA published a final rule that allows either the EPA Regional Administrator or the authorized State to designate areas as corrective action management units (CAMUs) at hazardous waste management facilities for the specific purpose of managing remediation waste that has been generated as part of the facility`s corrective action activities. According to the rule, placement of remediation wastes into or within a CAMU does not constitute land disposal of hazardous waste and is not subject to RCRA land disposal restrictions. In addition, waste disposal units located within CAMUs are not required to be designed in accordance with RCRA minimum technological requirements applicable to land disposal units. This Information Brief explains the advantages of a CAMU designation, defines a Temporary Unit (TU) and explains the advantages of a TU designation. The process for initiating a CAMU or TU designation is described for DOE sites and interim status facilities.

Not Available

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Dual equilibrium in a finite aspect ratio tokamak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

achievable in conventional tokamaks. Previous research hasin a ?nite aspect ratio tokamak P. -A. Gourdain a , b ,? ,fusion reactor is the tokamak concept, a closed magnetic

Gourdain, P A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

13-Energy Efficiency Ratio Window Air Conditioner | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Window Air Conditioner 13-Energy Efficiency Ratio Window Air Conditioner Lead Performer: Oak Ridge National Laboratory - Oak Ridge, TN Partners: General Electric - Fairfield, CT...

307

The Heat Budget of a Body of Water of Varying Volume  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

internal energy of the system is equal to the net flux of heat ... The internal energy is represented by the temperature .... unit time. The conversion factor is the.

1999-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

308

Development of models for series and parallel fan variable air volume terminal units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the series and parallel units, with coefficients varying by size and manufacturer. Statistical modeling utilized SAS software (2002). Fan power and airflow data were collected at downstream static pressures over a range from 0.1 to 0.5 in. w.g. (25 to 125 Pa...

Furr, James C., Jr

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

309

DYNAMICS OF KDV SOLITONS IN THE PRESENCE OF A SLOWLY VARYING POTENTIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and is expected to carry through for the L2 subcritical gKdV-p equation, 1 -Sigal [4], motivated by a model of shallow water wave propagation over a slowly-varying bottom, have

310

Robust acoustic signal detection and synchronization in a time varying ocean environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Signal detection and synchronization in the time varying ocean environment is a difficult endeavor. The current common methods include using a linear frequency modulated chirped pulse or maximal length sequence as a detection ...

Gieleghem, Ryan Thomas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Achieving Consistent Maximum Brake Torque with Varied Injection Timing in a DI Diesel Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the characteristics of combustion for swept injection timings along the maximum brake torque plateau are determined. The research is conducted by varying injection timing at constant engine speed and load while measuring engine emissions and in-cylinder pressure...

Kroeger, Timothy H

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

312

Societal demand for increasing mineral resources continue to affect societythrough aspects as varied as  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as varied as highmetalprices,skillshortages,governmentalpolicy changes, and billions of dollars, and to provide trained individuals to industry. Vancouver has long been a global leader in exploration-based mining companies had Exploration Geochemistry research initiatives that led

Handy, Todd C.

313

Testing of a loop heat pipe experimental apparatus under varied acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experimental apparatus was designed and fabricated to test a Loop Heat Pipe under varied acceleration. The experiment consisted of both flight and ground testing as well as comparisons to a model developed from models found in literature...

Kurwitz, Richard Cable

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Nest distribution varies with dispersal method and familiarity-mediated aggression for two sympatric ants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nest distribution varies with dispersal method and familiarity-mediated aggression for two foraging effort, nest spatial distribution and aggression of two sympatric ant species that differ similar foraging strategies, they differ in nest distribution and aggressive behaviour. The spatial

Alvarez, Nadir

315

New Mexico grape growers unite  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Mexico grape growers unite, increase production New Mexico grape growers unite, increase production Grape Growers Association enlivens agriculture Growers association unites small parcels of land, enlivens production, protects water rights for Northern New Mexico agriculturists. August 6, 2012 Northern New Mexico Micro Grape Growers Association The NMSBA Entrepreneurial Networking program is helping Lucia Sanchez (C) Tim Martinez (R) and Robert Naranjo, the Northern New Mexico Micro Grape Growers Association, put small parcels of land back into production in Rio Arriba County. Contact Mariann Johnston (505) 667-4391 Email New Mexico grape growers unite to increase production, with help of Northern New Mexico Connect Over the last decade, a string of wineries has come to grace the scenic High Road to Taos. In 2010, Robert Naranjo, network facilitator for the

316

Reduction in Unit Steam Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 2001 the company's Arch-Brandenburg facility faced increased steam costs due to high natural gas prices and decreased production due to shutdown of a process. The facility was challenged to reduce unit steam consumption to minimize the effects...

Gombos, R.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

United States Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

United States Department of Energy Office of Hearings and Appeals In the Matter of: Washington State ) Fleet Operations ) ) Filing Date: November 13, 2013 ) Case No.: EXA-13-0001...

318

PLANNING UNIT October 26, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLANNING UNIT October 26, 2009 Advertisement for TRIPP Chair in the Institute A large number research work in the area of Transportation Planning for control of accidents and pollution with special

Prasad, Sanjiva

319

OpenEI - United States  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United States United States Renewable Energy Technical Potential http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/912 License

320

Million U.S. Housing Units Total............................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Attached Attached 2 to 4 Units Table HC2.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Type of Housing Unit, 2005 5 or More Units Mobile Homes Type of Housing Unit Housing Units (millions) Single-Family Units Apartments in Buildings With-- Home Electronics Usage Indicators Detached Energy Information Administration: 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables Million U.S. Housing Units Attached 2 to 4 Units Table HC2.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Type of Housing Unit, 2005 5 or More Units Mobile Homes Type of Housing Unit Housing Units (millions) Single-Family Units Apartments in Buildings With-- Home Electronics Usage Indicators Detached Status of PC When Not in Use Left On..............................................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

IEA Workshop 59 Shape and Aspect Ratio Optimization for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEA Workshop 59 Shape and Aspect Ratio Optimization for High Beta, Steady-State Tokamak SCOPE tokamak DEMO reactor. Many present tokamaks are addressing such operation for ITER and DEMO. Shape and aspect ratio is particularly important for achieving high beta and also for the optimization of edge

322

D-T gamma-to-neutron branching ratio determined from inertial confinement fusion plasmasa)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new deuterium-tritium (D-T)fusion gamma-to-neutron branching ratio [3H(d ?)5He/3H(d n)4He] value of (4.2?±?2.0)?×?10?5 was recently reported by this group [Y. Kim et al. Phys. Rev. C (submitted)]. This measurement conducted at the OMEGA laser facility located at the University of Rochester was made for the first time using inertial confinement fusion(ICF)plasmas. Neutron-induced backgrounds are significantly reduced in these experiments as compared to traditional beam-target accelerator-based experiments due to the short pulse nature of ICF implosions and the use of gas Cherenkov ?-ray detectors with fast temporal responses and inherent energy thresholds. It is expected that this ICF-based measurement will help resolve the large and long-standing inconsistencies in previously reported accelerator-based values which vary by a factor of approximately 30. The reported value at ICF conditions was determined by averaging the results of two methods: (1) a direct measurement of ICFD-T ?-ray and neutron emissions using absolutely calibrated detectors and (2) a separate cross-calibration against the better known D-3He gamma-to-proton branching ratio [3He(d ??)5Li/3He(d p)4He]. Here we include a detailed explanation of these results and introduce as a corroborative method an in-situ ?-ray detectorcalibration using neutron-induced ?-rays. Also by extending the established techniques to two additional series of implosions with significantly different ion temperatures we test the branching ratio dependence on ion temperature. The data show a D-T branching ratio is nearly constant over the temperature range 2–9?keV. These studies motivate further investigation into the 5He and 5Li systems resulting from D-T and D-3He fusion respectively and result in improved ICF ?-ray reaction history diagnosis at the National Ignition Facility.

Y. Kim; J. M. Mack; H. W. Herrmann; C. S. Young; G. M. Hale; S. Caldwell; N. M. Hoffman; S. C. Evans; T. J. Sedillo; A. McEvoy; J. Langenbrunner; H. H. Hsu; M. A. Huff; S. Batha; C. J. Horsfield; M. S. Rubery; W. J. Garbett; W. Stoeffl; E. Grafil; L. Bernstein; J. A. Church; D. B. Sayre; M. J. Rosenberg; C. Waugh; H. G. Rinderknecht; M. Gatu Johnson; A. B. Zylstra; J. A. Frenje; D. T. Casey; R. D. Petrasso; E. Kirk Miller; V. Yu Glebov; C. Stoeckl; T. C. Sangster

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

NISTIR 6045 Method for Estimating the Energy Efficiency Ratio of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to all electric units having rated cooling capacities less than 19 kW (65,000 Btu/h) and charged with Refrigerant 22. To estimate the EER(95) of one or more combinations that use the same condensing unit, a lab

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

324

SOLVING THE SHUGART QUEEN SAND PENASCO UNIT DECLINING PRODUCTION PROBLEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Penasco Shugart Queen Sand Unit located in sections 8, 9, 16 & 17, T18S, 31E Eddy County New Mexico is operated by MNA Enterprises Ltd. Co. Hobbs, NM. The first well in the Unit was drilled in 1939 and since that time the Unit produced 535,000 bbl of oil on primary recovery and 375,000 bbl of oil during secondary recovery operations that commenced in 1973. The Unit secondary to primary ratio is 0.7, but other Queen waterfloods in the area had considerably larger S/P ratios. On June 25 1999 MNA was awarded a grant under the Department of Energy's ''Technology Development with Independents'' program. The grant was used to fund a reservoir study to determine if additional waterflood reserves could be developed. A total of 14 well bores that penetrate the Queen at 3150 ft are within the Unit boundaries. Eleven of these wells produced oil during the past 60 years. Production records were pieced together from various sources including the very early state production records. One very early well had a resistivity log, but nine of the wells had no logs, and four wells had gamma ray-neutron count-rate perforating logs. Fortunately, recent offset deep drilling in the area provided a source of modern logs through the Queen. The logs from these wells were used to analyze the four old gamma ray-neutron logs within the Unit. Additionally the offset well log database was sufficient to construct maps through the unit based on geostatistical interpolation methods. The maps were used to define the input parameters required to simulate the primary and secondary producing history. The history-matched simulator was then used to evaluate four production scenarios. The best scenario produces 51,000 bbl of additional oil over a 10-year period. If the injection rate is held to 300 BWPD the oil rate declines to a constant 15 BOPD after the first year. The projections are reasonable when viewed in the context of the historical performance ({approx}30 BOPD with a {approx}600 BWPD injection rate during 1980-1990). If an additional source of water is developed, increasing the injection rate to 600 BWPD will double the oil-producing rate. During the log evaluation work the presence of a possibly productive Penrose reservoir about 200 ft below the Queen was investigated. The Penrose zone exists throughout the Unit, but appears to be less permeable than the Queen. The maps suggest that either well 16D or 16C are suitable candidates for testing the Penrose zone.

Lowell Deckert

2000-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

325

C/O RATIO AS A DIMENSION FOR CHARACTERIZING EXOPLANETARY ATMOSPHERES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Until recently, infrared observations of exoplanetary atmospheres have typically been interpreted using models that assumed solar elemental abundances. With the chemical composition fixed, attempts have been made to classify hot Jupiter atmospheres on the basis of stellar irradiation. However, recent observations have revealed deviations from predictions based on such classification schemes, and chemical compositions retrieved from some data sets have also indicated non-solar abundances. The data require a two-dimensional (2D) characterization scheme with dependence on both irradiation and chemistry. In this work, we suggest the carbon-to-oxygen (C/O) ratio as an important second dimension for characterizing exoplanetary atmospheres. In hot-hydrogen-dominated atmospheres, the C/O ratio critically influences the relative concentrations of several spectroscopically dominant species. Between a C/O of 0.5 (solar value) and 2, the H{sub 2}O and CH{sub 4} abundances can vary by several orders of magnitude in the observable atmosphere, and new hydrocarbon species such as HCN and C{sub 2}H{sub 2} become prominent for C/O {>=} 1, while the CO abundance remains almost unchanged. Furthermore, a C/O {>=} 1 can preclude a strong thermal inversion due to TiO and VO in a hot Jupiter atmosphere, since TiO and VO are naturally underabundant for C/O {>=} 1. We, therefore, suggest a new 2D classification scheme for hydrogen-dominated exoplanetary atmospheres with irradiation (or temperature) and C/O ratio as the two dimensions. We define four classes in this 2D space (O1, O2, C1, and C2) with distinct chemical, thermal, and spectral properties. Based on the most recent observations, we characterize the thermal structure and C/O ratios of six hot Jupiters (XO-1b, CoRoT-2b, WASP-14b, WASP-19b, WASP-33b, and WASP-12b) in the framework of our proposed 2D classification scheme. While the data for several systems in our sample are consistent with C-rich atmospheres, new observations are required to conclusively constrain their C/O ratios in the day side as well as the terminator regions of their atmospheres. We discuss how observations using existing and forthcoming facilities can constrain C/O ratios in exoplanetary atmospheres.

Madhusudhan, Nikku, E-mail: Nikku.Madhusudhan@yale.edu [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

326

HIGH ASPECT RATIO ION EXCHANGE RESIN BED - HYDRAULIC RESULTS FOR SPERICAL RESIN BEADS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A principal role of the DOE Savannah River Site is to safely dispose of a large volume of liquid nuclear waste held in many storage tanks. An in-tank ion exchange unit is being considered for cesium removal to accelerate waste processing. This unit is planned to have a relatively high bed height to diameter ratio (10:1). Complicating the design is the need to cool the ion exchange media; therefore, the ion exchange column will have a central cooling core making the flow path annular. To separate cesium from waste the media being considered is made of resorcinol formaldehyde resin deposited on spherical plastic beads and is a substitute for a previously tested resin made of crystalline silicotitanate. This spherical media not only has an advantage of being mechanically robust, but, unlike its predecessor, it is also reusable, that is, loaded cesium can be removed through elution and regeneration. Resin regeneration leads to more efficient operation and less spent resin waste, but its hydraulic performance in the planned ion exchange column was unknown. Moreover, the recycling process of this spherical resorcinol formaldehyde causes its volume to significantly shrink and swell. To determine the spherical media's hydraulic demand a linearly scaled column was designed and tested. The waste simulant used was prototypic of the wastes' viscosity and density. This paper discusses the hydraulic performance of the media that will be used to assist in the design of a full-scale unit.

Duignan, M; Charles Nash, C; Timothy Punch, T

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

327

Million U.S. Housing Units Total...............................  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

... 13.2 10.2 0.6 0.3 1.1 1.1 Table HC2.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Type of Housing Unit, 2005 Housing Units (millions) Single-Family Units...

328

Offshore Aquaculture in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Offshore Aquaculture in the United States: Economic Considerations, Implications & Opportunities). 2008. Offshore Aquaculture in the United States: Economic Considerations, Implications & Opportunities;Offshore Aquaculture in the United States: Economic Considerations, Implications & Opportunities Prepared

329

Saskatchewan Instructional Development and Research Unit (SIDRU)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saskatchewan Instructional Development and Research Unit (SIDRU) 25th ANNUAL REPORT 2009 2010 Saskatchewan Instructional Development & Research Unit Faculty of Education: SIDRU@uregina.ca #12; CONTENTS SASKATCHEWAN INSTRUCTIONAL DEVELOPMENT & RESEARCH UNIT

Argerami, Martin

330

The southwestern region of the United States is a land of extremes and contrasts. Elevations vary from below sea level in the Imperial Valley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and the Colorado Plateau of western Colorado and eastern Utah (Fig. 1). Our review of the status and trends of the Pecos River, most of New Mexico, Arizona, the Colorado Desert of southeast- ern California) for Arizona, Dick-Peddie (1993) for New Mexico, Harper et al. (1994) for the Colorado Plateau, and Mac

331

Software Engineering Model Schedule -(Starting with CS 1121) example only; actual schedule may vary; see your academic dept. Includes 3 units of co-curricular activities.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software Engineering Model Schedule - (Starting with CS 1121) example only; actual schedule may Year 2nd Year FALL SPRING FALL SPRING CS 1000 1 CS 1122 3 CS 1141 2 CS 2311 3 CS 1121 3 MA 2160 4 CS Cocurricular Activity (1) Total 15 Total 15 Total 14-15 Total 16-17 3rd Year 4th Year FALL SPRING FALL SPRING

332

Prominence seismology using the period ratio of transverse thread oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ratio of the period of the fundamental mode to that of the first overtone of kink oscillations, from here on the "period ratio", is a seismology tool that can be used to infer information about the spatial variation of density along solar magnetic flux tubes. The period ratio is 2 in longitudinally homogeneous thin tubes, but it differs from 2 due to longitudinal inhomogeneity. In this paper we investigate the period ratio in longitudinally inhomogeneous prominence threads and explore its implications for prominence seismology. We numerically solve the two-dimensional eigenvalue problem of kink oscillations in a model of a prominence thread. We take into account three nonuniform density profiles along the thread. In agreement with previous works that used simple piecewise constant density profiles, we find that the period ratio is larger than 2 in prominence threads. When the ratio of the central density to that at the footpoints is fixed, the period ratio depends strongly on the form of the density profi...

Soler, R; Ballester, J L

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

CANADA RUSSIA UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES Building / Launching / Operating first ever high definition,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CANADA · RUSSIA · UNITED KINGDOM · UNITED STATES 1 #12;2 Building / Launching / Operating first

334

Million U.S. Housing Units Total...............................  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Single-Family Units Apartments in Buildings With-- Table HC3.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Owner-Occupied Housing Unit, 2005 Home Appliances Usage Indicators...

335

Million U.S. Housing Units Total...............................  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Single-Family Units Apartments in Buildings With-- Table HC4.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Renter-Occupied Housing Unit, 2005 Home Appliances Usage Indicators...

336

" Million U.S. Housing Units"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Number of Household Members, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Number of Households With --" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"1 Member","2...

337

" Million U.S. Housing Units"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Year of Construction, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

338

Nuclear reactors in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear reactors in the United States ... A chart listing the operating and planned nuclear reactors in the United States. ... Nuclear / Radiochemistry ...

Hubert N. Alyea

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

United Solar Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Solar Systems Place: Troy, MI References: United Solar Systems1 Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type "CRADA" is not in the...

340

Unit Energy Europe AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro, Wind energy Product: Unit Energy develops and operates wind parks and hydroelectric power plants all across Europe. References: Unit Energy Europe AG1 This article...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

United States Atomic Energy Commission formed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

formed As the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission failed to come to grips with the growing nuclear weapons problem, the United States worked to establish its own formal...

342

Power and Energy Measurement Units and Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The SI system (International System of Units) is a set of definitions and rules which provides an organic and consistent approach for obtaining the units for each quantity.

Giovanni Petrecca

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Power and Energy Measurement Units and Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The SI system (International System of Units) is a set of definitions and rules which provides an organic and consistent approach for obtaining the units for each quantity.

Giovanni Petrecca

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

United Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Energy United Energy Name United Energy Address 284, Old Deal Rd Place Eatontown, New Jersey Zip 07722 Sector Solar Product Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Year founded 2009 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 201-697-8770 Website http://www.unitedenergypro.com Coordinates 40.2785975°, -74.0359722° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.2785975,"lon":-74.0359722,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

345

unit process | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unit process unit process Dataset Summary Description Datasets are for the US electricity grid system interconnect regions (ASCC, FRCC, HICC, MRO, NPCC, RFC, SERC, SPP, TRE, WECC) for 2008. The data is provided in life cycle inventory (LCI) forms (both xls and xml). A module report and a detailed spreadsheet are also included. Source US Life Cycle Inventory Database Date Released May 01st, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords ASCC FRCC HICC interconnect region LCI life cycle inventory MRO NPCC RFC SERC SPP TRE unit process US utilities WECC Data application/zip icon interconnect_lci_datasets_2008.zip (zip, 6.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

346

United States Environmental Monitoring EPA  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

United United States Environmental Monitoring EPA 600/R-93/141 Environmental Protection Systems Laboratory January 1992 Agency P.O. Box 93478 Las Vegas NV 89193-3478 Research and Development _EPA Offsite Environmental Monitoring Report: Radiation Monitoring Around United States Nuclear Test Areas, Calendar Year 1991 Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientificand Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak ridge,TN 39831; pricesavailablefrom (615) 576-8401 Availableto the publicfrom the NationalTechnicalInformationService, U.S. Departmentof Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161 Price Code: PrintedCopyof MicroficheA01 Frontand back cover: CommunityMonitorStation (front) and Whole BodyLaboratory(back), Craig A. Tsosle EnvironmentalMonitoringSystemsLaboratory-LasVegas, Nevada Offsite Environmental Monitoring Report:

347

Minor Actinide Transmutation Physics for Low Conversion Ratio Sodium Fast Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of varying the reprocessing strategy used in the closed cycle of a Sodium Fast Reactor (SNF) prototype are presented in this paper. The isotopic vector from the aqueous separation of transuranic (TRU) elements in Light Water Reactor (LWR) spent nuclear fuel (SNF) is assumed to also vary according to the reprocessing strategy of the closed fuel cycle. The decay heat, gamma energy, and neutron emission of the fuel discharge at equilibrium are found to vary depending on the separation strategy. The SFR core used in this study corresponds to a burner configuration with a conversion ratio of ~0.5 based on the Super-PRISM design. The reprocessing strategies stemming from the choice of either metal or oxide fuel for the SFR are found to have a large impact on the equilibrium discharge decay heat, gamma energy, and neutron emission. Specifically, metal fuel SFR with pyroprocessing of the discharge produces the largest amount of TRU consumption (166 kg per Effective Full Power Year or EFPY), but also the highest decay heat, gamma energy, and neutron emission. On the other hand, an oxide fuel SFR with PUREX reprocessing minimizes the decay heat and related parameters of interest to a minimum, even when compared to thermal Mixed Oxide (MOX) or Inert Matrix Fuel (IMF) on a per mass basis. On an assembly basis, however, the metal SFR discharge has a lower decay heat than an equivalent oxide SFR assembly for similar minor actinide consumptions (~160 kg/EFPY.) Another disadvantage in the oxide PUREX reprocessing scenario is that there is no consumption of americium and curium, since PUREX reprocessing separates these minor actinides (MA) and requires them to be disposed of externally.

Mehdi Asgari; Samuel E. Bays; Benoit Forget; Rodolfo Ferrer

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Oxygen And Carbon Isotope Ratios Of Hydrothermal Minerals From Yellowstone  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oxygen And Carbon Isotope Ratios Of Hydrothermal Minerals From Yellowstone Oxygen And Carbon Isotope Ratios Of Hydrothermal Minerals From Yellowstone Drill Cores Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Oxygen And Carbon Isotope Ratios Of Hydrothermal Minerals From Yellowstone Drill Cores Details Activities (3) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Oxygen and carbon isotope ratios were measured for hydrothermal minerals (silica, clay and calcite) from fractures and vugs in altered rhyolite, located between 28 and 129 m below surface (in situ temperatures ranging from 81 to 199°C) in Yellowstone drill holes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism of formation of these minerals. The Δ18O values of the thirty-two analyzed silica samples (quartz, chalcedony, α-cristobalite, and β-cristobalite) range from -7.5 to +2.8‰. About one

349

The Ne/O abundance ratio in the quiet Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aims: To determine the neon-to-oxygen abundance in the quiet Sun, a proxy for the photospheric abundance ratio. Method: An emission measure method applied to extreme ultraviolet emission lines of Ne IV-VI and O III-V ions observed by the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer on the SOHO satellite. Results: The average Ne/O abundance ratio in supergranule cell centre regions is 0.18 +/- 0.05, while in supergranule network regions is 0.16 +/- 0.04. A photospheric Ne/O ratio of 0.17 +/- 0.05 is suggested, in good agreement with the most recent compilation of solar photospheric abundances, but discrepant with a recent Ne/O ratio derived from stellar X-ray spectra and revised neon abundances suggested from solar interior models.

P. R. Young

2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

350

Development of High Expansion Ratio Helium Turbo Expander  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors developed a high expansion ratio radial inflow turbine for a helium liquefier of 100 L/h capacity for use with a 70 MW superconductive generator. The following results were obtained from this devel...

N. Ino; A. Machida; K. Ttsugawa; Y. Arai; M. Matsuki…

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

The E2/M1 ratio in {Delta} photoproduction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New high-precision measurements of p({rvec {gamma}}, {pi}) and p({rvec {gamma}}, {gamma}) cross sections and beam asymmetries have been combined with other polarization ratios in a simultaneous analysis of both reactions. The E2/M1 mixing ratio for the n {r_arrow} {Delta} transition extracted from this analysis is EMR = {minus}3.0% {+-} 0.3 (stat+sys) {+-} 0.2 (model).

Hoblit, S. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Physics Dept.]|[Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Blanpied, G. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States). Dept. of Physics; Blecher, M. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Physics Dept.] [and others; LEGS Collaboration

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Increasing the transformer ratio at the Argonne wakefield accelerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The transformer ratio is defined as the ratio of the maximum energy gain of the witness bunch to the maximum energy loss experienced by the drive bunch (or a bunch within a multidrive bunch train). This plays an important role in the collinear wakefield acceleration scheme. A high transformer ratio is desirable since it leads to a higher overall efficiency under similar conditions (e.g. the same beam loading, the same structure, etc.). One technique to enhance the transformer ratio beyond the ordinary limit of 2 is to use a ramped bunch train. The first experimental demonstration observed a transformer ratio only marginally above 2 due to the mismatch between the drive microbunch length and the frequency of the accelerating structure [C. Jing, A. Kanareykin, J. Power, M. Conde, Z. Yusof, P. Schoessow, and W. Gai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 144801 (2007)]. Recently, we revisited this experiment with an optimized microbunch length using a UV laser stacking technique at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator facility and measured a transformer ratio of 3.4. Measurements and data analysis from these experiments are presented in detail.

C. Jing, J. G. Power, M. Conde, W. Liu, Z. Yusof, A. Kanareykin, and W. Gai

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

353

Units  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Unidades Unidades Principal ESTOY PERDIDO!!! En la Aventura de la Partículas, usamos a menudo distintas unidades, sin explicar formalmente qué significan. Aquí le damos una breve sinopsis de las unidades más comunes en la física de partículas: Energía: en electrón-volts (eV). La energía ganada por un electrón que remonta una diferencia de potencial de un volt. 1 eV = 1.6 x 10^(-19) joules. Un MeV es un millón de electrón volts, y un GeV es un billón de electrón volts. Un GeV es aproximadamente 1/1000 de la energía cinética de un mosquito! Masa: en GeV/c2 (un billón de electrón volts dividido por la velocidad de la luz al cuadrado. La masa es medida en términos de energía, debido a que la masa es justamente una forma de energía -- recuerde .) 1 GeV es

354

Multi-strand coronal loop model and filter-ratio analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We model a coronal loop as a bundle of seven separate strands or filaments. Each of the loop strands used in this model can independently be heated (near their left footpoints) by Alfv\\'en/ion-cyclotron waves via wave-particle interactions. The Alfv\\'en waves are assumed to penetrate the strands from their footpoints, at which we consider different wave energy inputs. As a result, the loop strands can have different heating profiles, and the differential heating can lead to a varying cross-field temperature in the total coronal loop. The simulation of TRACE observations by means of this loop model implies two uniform temperatures along the loop length, one inferred from the 171:195 filter ratio and the other from the 171:284 ratio. The reproduced flat temperature profiles are consistent with those inferred from the observed EUV coronal loops. According to our model, the flat temperature profile is a consequence of the coronal loop consisting of filaments, which have different temperatures but almost similar e...

Bourouaine, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Mechanically stable, high aspect ratio, multifilar, wound, ribbon-type conductor and method for manufacturing same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mechanically stable, wound, multifilar, ribbon-type conductor having a cross-sectional aspect ratio which may be greater than 12:1, comprising a plurality of conductive strands wound to form a flattened helix containing a plastic strip into which the strands have been pressed so as to form a bond between the strip and the strands. The bond mechanically stabilizes the conductor under tension, preventing it from collapsing into a tubular configuration. In preferred embodiments the plastic strip may be polytetrafluoroethylene, and the conductive strands may be formed from a superconductive material. Conductors in accordance with the present invention may be manufactured by winding a plurality of conductive strands around a hollow mandrel; the cross-section of a hollow mandrel; the cross-section of the mandrel continuously varying from substantially circular to a high aspect ratio elipse while maintaining a constant circumference. The wound conductive strands are drawn from the mandrel as a multifilar helix while simultaneously a plastic strip is fed through the hollow mandrel so that it is contained within the helix as it is withdrawn from the mandrel. The helical conductor is then compressed into a ribbon-like form and the strands are bonded to the plastic strip by a combination of heat and pressure.

Cottingham, James G. (Center Moriches, NY)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

A new technology for producing hydrogen and adjustable ratio syngas from coke oven gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

About 15 billion Nm{sup 3} coke oven gas (COG) is emitted into the air in Shanxi Province in China as air pollutants. It is also a waste of precious chemical resources. In this study, COG was purified respectively by four methods including refrigeration, fiberglass, silica gel, and molecular sieve. Purified COG was separated by a prism membrane into two gas products. One consists mainly of H{sub 2} ({gt}90 vol %) and the other is rich in CH{sub 4} ({gt}60 vol %) with their exact compositions to vary with the membrane separation pressure and outlet gas flow ratio. The gas rich in CH{sub 4} was partially oxidized with oxygen in a high-temperature fixed-bed quartz reactor charged with coke particles of 10 mm size. At 1200-1300{sup o}C, a CH{sub 4} conversion of {gt}99% could be obtained. The H{sub 2}/CO ratio in the synthesis product gas can be adjusted in the range 0.3-1.4, very favorable for further C1 synthesis. 10 refs., 17 figs., 1t ab.

Jun Shen; Zhi-zhong Wang; Huai-wang Yang; Run-sheng Yao [Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan (China). Department of Chemical Engineering

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

United Nations on Trade and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the World Summit on Sustainable Development in September 2002, the United Nations Forum on Forests on the Management, Conservation and Sustainable Development of All Types of Forests, and the relevant Chapters on the Management, Conservation and Sustainable Development of All Types of Forests; (e) Recognizing the importance

358

Impending United States Energy Crisis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ERAB) of the U.S. Department of Energy and published in a report on future...this context are excerpted. The energy substructure of the United States...cogenerators of heat and electricity, wind-energy farmers, etc. It also includes...

ROBERT L. HIRSCH

1987-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

359

X-ray scattering study of the average polycyclic aromatic unit in Ledo coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Through an X-ray scattering analysis, the short-range structural features, the relationship(s) between the aryl/alkyl carbon ratio, and the size of the average polycyclic aromatic unit in Ledo coal from Makum coalfield, Assam, India, are elucidated.

Boruah, R.K.

2008-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

360

Laser Safety Web Resources The web links below represent varied resources for laser safety information and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser Safety Web Resources The web links below represent varied resources for laser safety endorsement by Georgia Tech. Please contact the Laser Safety Officer if you know of any helpful resources of Laser Physics and Technology, http://www.rp- photonics.com/encyclopedia.html Kentek, http

Houston, Paul L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

TIME-VARYING LINEAR MODEL APPROXIMATION: APPLICATION TO THERMAL AND AIRFLOW BUILDING SIMULATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TIME-VARYING LINEAR MODEL APPROXIMATION: APPLICATION TO THERMAL AND AIRFLOW BUILDING SIMULATION the computing time is still an open challenge. After spacial discretisation, the thermal model of a building is demonstrated by its application to the simulation of a multi-zones building. THERMAL AND AIRFLOW MODELS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

362

Time-varying Reeb Graphs for Continuous Space-Time Data Herbert Edelsbrunner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and/or a fee. SOCG '04 New York City, New York USA Copyright 2004 ACM ?? . . . $4.99. of dataTime-varying Reeb Graphs for Continuous Space-Time Data Herbert Edelsbrunner , John Harer , Ajith the evolving sequence into a single, partially persistent data structure. We envision this data structure

Pascucci, Valerio

363

Control-Oriented Linear Parameter-Varying Modelling of a Turbocharged Diesel Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control-Oriented Linear Parameter-Varying Modelling of a Turbocharged Diesel Engine Merten Jung-- In this paper, a third order nonlinear model of the airpath of a turbocharged diesel engine is derived, which nonlinear airpath model of the diesel engine will be described in Section III. The model will be derived

Cambridge, University of

364

Journal of Mammalogy, 84(2):354368, 2003 MAMMALIAN RESPONSE TO GLOBAL WARMING ON VARIED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

354 Journal of Mammalogy, 84(2):354­368, 2003 MAMMALIAN RESPONSE TO GLOBAL WARMING ON VARIED how Rocky Mountain mam- malian communities changed during past global warming events characterized not) in different ways. Nevertheless, examination of past global warming episodes suggested

California at Berkeley, University of

365

A new variant of the Zhang neural network for solving online time-varying linear inequalities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...solution of time-varying LIs. Computer simulation results further...verification In this subsection, computer simulations are performed to...the proposed NVZNN models. Computer simulation results have further...Science Foundation of China under grants 61075121 and 60935001, and...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Spatially-varying SAR models and Bayesian Inference for High-Resolution Lattice Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatially-varying SAR models and Bayesian Inference for High-Resolution Lattice Data Chiranjit Inverse problems Lattice data Non-stationary random fields Satellite imagery data Sparse spatial model- lenge our modelling and computational abilities as data volumes increase. Similarly, as spatial scales

West, Mike

367

Magnetization reversal through soliton flip in a biquadratic ferromagnet with varying exchange interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the phenomenon of magnetization reversal in the form of a soliton flip in a biquadratic ferromagnetic spin chain induced by varying bilinear and biquadratic exchange interactions. This is carried out by analyzing the evolution of the velocity and amplitude of the soliton using a perturbation analysis.

M. Daniel and L. Kavitha

2002-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

368

Tuning the plasmon energy of Palladium-Hydrogen systems by varying the Hydrogen concentration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to their importance in many applications such as hydrogen storage [16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21]. The novel scheme [8Tuning the plasmon energy of Palladium-Hydrogen systems by varying the Hydrogen concentration V M of bulk PdHx. Hydrogen concentrations between x = 0 and x = 1 are considered. The calculated spectra

Muiño, Ricardo Díez

369

Haptic icons are brief tangible stimuli with associated meanings, composed by varying the control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Haptic icons are brief tangible stimuli with associated meanings, composed by varying the control parameters of given haptic display. Transparent haptic icons convey information without grabbing your attention, unless it's needed. One Mechanism: Haptic Icons events · function identity · content identity

MacLean, Karon

370

Ris-R-1500(EN) Control design for a pitch-regulated, vari-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø-R-1500(EN) Control design for a pitch-regulated, vari- able speed wind turbine Morten H Laboratory Roskilde Denmark January 2005 #12;Author: Title: Control design for a pitch-regulated, variable speed and power through the collective blade pitch angle and generator moment. The aeroelastic

371

E ective Bandwidths of Departure Processes from Queues with Time Varying Capacities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E#11;ective Bandwidths of Departure Processes from Queues with Time Varying Capacities Cheng Zajic CIMAT Apartado Postal 402 36000 Guanajuato, GTO. M#19;exico Abstract In this paper, we consider process from such a queue. Two important observations are made: (i) the e#11;ec- tive bandwidths

Chang, Cheng-Shang

372

Time-to-Detect Trends in Precipitable Water Vapor with Varying Measurement Error  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study determined the theoretical time-to-detect (TTD) global climate model (GCM) precipitable water vapor (PWV) 100-yr trends when realistic measurement errors are considered. Global trends ranged from 0.055 to 0.072 mm yr?1 and varied ...

Jacola Roman; Robert Knuteson; Steve Ackerman

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

PERFORMANCE STUDY OF COMPRESSIVE SAMPLING FOR ECG SIGNAL COMPRESSION IN NOISY AND VARYING SPARSITY ACQUISITION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PERFORMANCE STUDY OF COMPRESSIVE SAMPLING FOR ECG SIGNAL COMPRESSION IN NOISY AND VARYING SPARSITY of compressive sam- pling (CS) for ECG compression in telecardiology, when the signal acquisition is noisy transform (TH-DWT), which is the best technique for real-time ECG compression. We show that CS is quite

Durrani, Salman

374

A Quintessence Problem in Brans-Dicke Theory with Varying Speed of Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that minimally coupled scalar field in Brans-Dicke theory with varying speed of light can solve the quintessence problem and it is possible to have a non-decelerated expansion of the present universe with BD-theory for anisotropic models without any matter.

Subenoy Chakraborty; N. C. Chakraborty; Ujjal Debnath

2003-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

375

Models of stochastic, spatially varying stress in the crust compatible with focal mechanism data Smith and Heaton 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models of stochastic, spatially varying stress in the crust compatible with focal mechanism data, spatially varying stress in the crust compatible with focal mechanism data ­ Smith and Heaton 3 Introduction ­ Smith and Heaton 1 Models of stochastic, spatially varying stress in the crust compatible with focal

Greer, Julia R.

376

1997 Housing Characteristics Tables Housing Unit Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Million U.S. Households; 45 pages, 128 kb) Million U.S. Households; 45 pages, 128 kb) Contents Pages HC1-1a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Climate Zone, Million U.S. Households, 1997 4 HC1-2a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Year of Construction, Million U.S. Households, 1997 4 HC1-3a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income, Million U.S. Households, 1997 4 HC1-4a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Type of Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 1997 3 HC1-5a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 1997 3 HC1-6a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Type of Rented Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 1997 3 HC1-7a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Four Most Populated States, Million U.S. Households, 1997 4

377

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION (UNITED  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

RTGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER RTGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NUMBER DE-FC04-02AL67628, DOE WAIVER NO. W(A) 02-038. The Petitioner, United Technologies, acting through the United Technologies Research Center (UTRC), has requested a waiver of all domestic and foreign patent iights to inventions that may be conceived or first actually reduced to practice in the course of UTRC's work as the prime contractor under Cooperative Agreement Number DI-FC04- 02AL67628 entitled "On-Board Vehicle, Cost Effective, Hydrogen Enhancement Technology PEM Fuel Cells" with the U S. Department of Energy (DOE). The work to be done will be the development and fabrication of an integrated high temperature water gas shift reactor/hydrogen separator for use in a PEM fuel cell power

378

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION (UNITED  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NUMBER DE-FC04-02AL67610, DOE WAIVER NO. W(A) 02-026. The Petitioner, United Technologies, acting through the United Technologies Research Center (UTRC), has requested a waiver of all domestic and foreign pateni rights to inventions that may be conceived or first actually reduced to practice in the course of UTRC's work as the prime contractor under Cooperative Agreement Number DE-FC04- 02AL67610 entitled "High Density Hydrogen Storage System Demonstration Using NaAIH4 Based Complex Compound Hydrides" with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The work to be done will be the design, development and evaluation of a nydrogen storage medium and system based on NaAIH4 with a 5 kg hydrogen storage capacity and

379

Evidence of Self-correction of Child Sex Ratios in India: A District-Level Analysis of Child Sex Ratios From 1981 to 2011  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sex ratios in India have become increasingly imbalanced over the past decades. We hypothesize that when sex ratios become very uneven, the shortage of girls will increase girls’ future value, leading sex ratio...

Nadia Diamond-Smith; David Bishai

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

DOE/SC-ARM/TR-128 Tower Water-Vapor Mixing Ratio Value-Added  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 8 Tower Water-Vapor Mixing Ratio Value-Added Product April 2013 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Hall viscosity to entropy ratio in higher derivative theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper based on the basic principles of gauge/gravity duality we compute the hall viscosity to entropy ratio in the presence of various higher derivative corrections to the dual gravitational description embedded in an asymptotically $ AdS_{4} $ space time. As the first step of our analysis, considering the back reaction we impose higher derivative corrections to the abelian gauge sector of the theory where we notice that the ratio indeed gets corrected at the leading order in the coupling. Considering the probe limit as a special case we compute this leading order correction over the fixed background of the charged black brane solution. Finally we consider higher derivative ($ R^{2} $) correction to the gravity sector of the theory where we notice that the above ratio might get corrected at the sixth derivative level.

Dibakar Roychowdhury

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

382

United Illuminating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Illuminating Illuminating Jump to: navigation, search Logo: United Illuminating Name United Illuminating Address 157 Church St Place New Haven, Connecticut Zip 06510 Sector Services Product Green Power Marketer Website http://www.uinet.com/ Coordinates 41.3073289°, -72.9247896° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.3073289,"lon":-72.9247896,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

383

Second United Nations International Conference  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Second United Nations Second United Nations International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy ON THE ANALYSIS O F BUBBLE CHAMBER TRACKS Q Hugh Bradner and F r a n k Solmitz INTRODUCTION A j , L. - i Since i t s iyvention by Glaser in 1953, the bubble chamber has become a m o s t valuable tool $high-energy physics. It combines a number of advan- tages of various older methods of particle detection: resolution, rapid accumulation of data, some time resolution, and some choice of the nucleus whose interaction one wants to study (bubble chambers have been -'made to operate with a large number of different liquids, including Hz, D2, He, Xe, and s e v e r a l hydrocarbons). resolution and rapid data accumulation, high- speed high-precision analysis procedures m u s t be developed.

384

United Nations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nations Nations Jump to: navigation, search Logo: United Nations Name United Nations Address UN Headquarters 1st Ave & 46th Street Place New York, NY Zip 10017 Region Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Year founded 1945 Website http://www.un.org/ Coordinates 40.7143528°, -74.0059731° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.7143528,"lon":-74.0059731,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

385

Second United Nations International Conference  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ORIGINAL: ENGLISH ORIGINAL: ENGLISH THE FREE ANTINmpliRINO ABSORPTION CROSS SECTION - P a r t I. P a r t 1 1 . Measurement of the Free Antineutrino Absorption Cross Section. by F. Reines and C. L. Cowan, Jr., Los Almcas Scientific Laboratory. Expected Cross Sectionfrmkasurernents of Fission Fragment Electron Spectrum. Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. R. E. Carter, F. Reines, J . J . Wagner, and M. E. W y m a n , Interpretation of Results. n i . DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal IiabiIity or responsibility for the accuracy, compJeteness, or usefulness of any information,

386

Second United Nations International Conference  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Confidential until official release during Conference Confidential until official release during Conference A/CONF 15/P/729 Abstract (USA) 7 March 1958 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH HIGH-ENERGY PHYSICS WITH HYDROGEN BUBBLE CHAMBERS~ Prepared by Abstract , _ - - ' ~ u i s W. Akvarez . I e - 4 - - a c bubble chambers in high-energy physics experiments. This paper @.scusses recent experience with liquid hydrogen # - . . . 1 sify of California, Berkeley, California / This document is DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency Thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process

387

United States | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

States States Dataset Summary Description No description given. Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released July 03rd, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated July 03rd, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords biopower csp geothermal hydropower hydrothermal Renewable Energy Technical Potential rooftop United States utility-scale wind Data text/csv icon United States Renewable Energy Technical Potential (csv, 7.7 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote

388

The muon charge ratio in cosmic ray air showers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The muon charge ratio of the lateral muon density distributions in single EAS is studied by simulations, in context of recent proposals to measure this observable in coincidence with EAS observations. While effects of the hadronic interaction do not lead to significant differences of the total muon plus and muon minus content, the differences of the azimuthal variation of the muon densities of opposite charges and the azimuthal variation of the muon charge ratio appear to be very much pronounced, dependent on the direction of EAS incidence. This is due to the influence of the geomagnetic field which induces related effects in radio emission from extended air showers.

H. Rebel; O. Sima; A. Haungs; C. Manailescu; B. Mitrica; C. Morariu

2008-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

389

Carbon Dioxide Enrichment: Data on the Response of Cotton to Varying CO2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide Enrichment: Data on the Response of Cotton to Varying CO2 Carbon Dioxide Enrichment: Data on the Response of Cotton to Varying CO2 Irrigation, and Nitrogen (1992) (NDP-037) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/vrc.ndp037 image Data image PDF file Investigators B. A. Kimball, J. R. Mauney, R. L. La Morte, G. Guinn, F. S. Nakayama, J. W. Radin, E. A. Lakatos, S. T. Michell, L. L. Parker, G. J. Peresta, P. E. Nixon III, B. Savoy, S. M. Harris, R. MacDonald, H. Pros, and J. Martinez This NDP presents data on the effects of continuous CO2 enrichment of cotton during five consecutive growing seasons, 1983 to 1987, under both optimal and limiting levels of water and nitrogen. Unlike many prior CO2-enrichment experiments in growth chambers or greenhouses, these studies were conducted on field-planted cotton at close to natural conditions with

390

Empirical evidences in favor of a varying-speed-of-light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The empirical evidences in favor of the hypothesis that the speed of light decreases by a few centimeters per second each year are examined. Lunar laser ranging data are found to be consistent with this hypothesis, which also provides a straightforward explanation for the so-called Pioneer anomaly, that is, a time-dependent blue-shift observed when analyzing radio tracking data from distant spacecrafts, as well as an alternative explanation for both the apparent time-dilation of remote events and the apparent acceleration of the Universe. The main argument against this hypothesis, namely, the constancy of fine-structure and Rydberg constants, is discussed. Both of them being combinations of several physical constants, their constancy imply that, if the speed of light is indeed time-dependent, then at least two other "fundamental constants" have to vary as well. This defines strong constraints which will have to be fulfilled by future varying-speed-of-light theories.

Yves-Henri Sanejouand

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

391

The Extensive Special Relativity and Comment on Local Lorentz Transformation in Varying Speed of Light Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is proved that local Lorentz transformations for different systems cannot derive varying speed of light. Based on the special relativity principle, an invariant speed is necessarily obtained. Therefore, the exact basic principles of the special relativity should be redefined as: I. The special relativity principle, which derives necessarily an invariant speed. II. Suppose that the invariant speed in the theory is the speed of light in the vacuum c. If the second principle does not hold, for example, the superluminal motions exist, the theory will be still the extensive special relativity, in which the formulations are the same, only c is replaced by the invariant speed. If the invariant speed are various invariant velocities, the diversity of space-time will correspond to many worlds. Varying speed of light theory is probably connected only with the general relativity.

Yi-Fang Chang

2007-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

392

Dynamic and Robust Capacitated Facility Location in Time Varying Demand Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, Halit ?Uster Committee Members, Guy L. Curry Benito E. Flores Eylem Tekin Head of Department, Brett..., Chihuahua, Me?xico M.E., Tecnolo?gico de Monterrey, Chihuahua, Me?xico Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Halit ?Uster This dissertation studies models for locating facilities in time varying demand environments. We describe the characteristics of the time...

Torres Soto, Joaquin

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

393

Ni(II) Sorption on Biogenic Mn-Oxides with Varying Mn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ni(II) Sorption on Biogenic Mn-Oxides with Varying Mn Octahedral Layer Structure M E N G Q I A N G(II) sorption mechanisms were determined at pH 7 and at different Ni(II) loadings, using isotherm and extended X in the interlayer of the BioMnOx and the maximum Ni(II) sorption capacity increases as the formation pH of Bio

Sparks, Donald L.

394

An analysis of beef cattle weights and gains measured at varying intervals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 1967 Major Subject. Animal Breeding AN ANALYSIS OF BEEF CATTLE WEIGHTS AND GAINS MEASURED AT VARYING INTERVALS A Thesis JAMES DAVID FOX Approved as to style and content hy: (Chairman Co t e) j ('. (Head of Department) embe ) (Member (N..., and inaccuracy of the scale or scale operator. The standard error (the square root of the residual variance component) of a weight measures the amount of un- accountable variation. A main objective of this study was to analyze statistically the variation...

Fox, James David

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Notes on Gauss law applied for time varying electric field in vacuum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gauss's law in integral form states that closed surface integral of electric field is proportional to net charge present within the volume bounded by this closed surface. Gauss's law in differential form states that divergence of electric field is proportional to charge's volume density. From Gauss's law it is concluded that in vacuum, where no electric charges are present, divergence of electric field and closed surface integral of electric field are zero. In this paper we make an attempt to theoretically prove that for time-varying electric fields Gauss's law is not valid. In other words, for time-varying electric field even in vacuum divergence of electric field and closed surface integral of electric field are non-zero. We do this by considering simple sinusoidal motion of the charge and then by calculating closed surface integral at specific time of time-varying electric field due to charge motion. Results show that for charges at still and at motion with constant velocity Gauss's law is valid. However f...

Zhakatayev, Altay

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

" Million Housing Units, Final"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Appliances in U.S. Homes, by Owner/Renter Status, 2009" 2 Appliances in U.S. Homes, by Owner/Renter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Detached",,"Attached",,"2 to 4 Units",,"5 or More Units",,"Mobile Homes" "Appliances",,"Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent" "Total Homes",113.6,76.5,37.1,63.2,8.6,3.9,2.8,1.5,7.6,2.3,16.8,5.5,1.4 "Cooking Appliances" "Stoves (Units With Both"

397

Limits on the Boron Isotopic Ratio in HD 76932  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data in the 2090 A B region of HD 76932 have been obtained at high S/N using the HST GHRS echelle at a resolution of 90,000. This wavelength region has been previously identified as a likely candidate for observing the B11/B10 isotopic splitting. The observations do not match a calculated line profile extremely well at any abundance for any isotopic ratio. If the B abundance previously determined from observations at 2500 A is assumed, the calculated line profile is too weak, indicating a possible blending line. Assuming that the absorption at 2090 A is entirely due to boron, the best-fit total B abundance is higher than but consistent with that obtained at 2500 A, and the best-fit isotopic ratio (B11/B10) is in the range ~10:1 to ~4:1. If the absorption is not entirely due to B and there is an unknown blend, the best-fit isotopic ratio may be closer to 1:1. Future observations of a similar metal-poor star known to have unusually low B should allow us to distinguish between these two possibilities. The constraints that can be placed on the isotopic ratio based on comparisons with similar observations of HD 102870 and HD 61421 (Procyon) are also discussed.

L. M. Rebull; D. K. Duncan; S. Johansson; J. Thorburn; B. Fields

1998-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

398

Branching ratios for the beta decay of Na-21  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have measured the beta-decay branching ratio for the transition from Na-21 to the first excited state of Ne-21. A recently published test of the standard model, which was based on a measurement of the beta-nu correlation in the decay of Na-21...

Iacob, V. E.; Hardy, John C.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Goodwin, J.; Nica, N.; Park, H. I.; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Zhai, Y.; Towner, I. S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

A genetically encoded fluorescent reporter of ATP:ADP ratio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A genetically encoded fluorescent reporter of ATP:ADP ratio Jim Berg1,2, Yin Pun Hung1 & Gary's affinity for Mg-ATP was o100 nM, as seen for other members of the bacterial PII regulator family, a surprisingly high affinity given that normal intracellular ATP concentration is in the millimolar range. ADP

Yellen, Gary

400

Application of Resource-Ratio Theory to Hydrocarbon Biodegradation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Application of Resource-Ratio Theory to Hydrocarbon Biodegradation ... We suggest that the procedures outlined here can be used to help guide practical decisions about the nutrients that are most likely to be growth-limiting and help define the subsequent nutrient application rates. ...

Val H. Smith; David W. Graham; Dale D. Cleland

1998-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Magnesium Isotope Ratios in omega Centauri Red Giants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have used high resolution observations obtained at the AAT with UHRF (R ~ 100,000) and at Gemini-S with b-HROS (R ~ 150,000) to determine magnesium isotope ratios for seven omega Centauri red giants that cover a range in iron abundance from [Fe/H] = --1.78 to --0.78 dex, and for two red giants in M4 (NGC 6121). The omega Centauri stars sample both the "primordial" (i.e., O-rich, Na and Al-poor) and the "extreme" (O-depleted, Na and Al-rich) populations in the cluster. The primordial population stars in both omega Centauri and M4 show (25Mg, 26Mg)/24 Mg isotopic ratios that are consistent with those found for the primordial population in other globular clusters with similar [Fe/H] values. The isotopic ratios for the omega Centauri extreme stars are also consistent with those for extreme population stars in other clusters. The results for the extreme population stars studied indicate that the 26Mg/24Mg ratio is highest at intermediate metallicities ([Fe/H] < --1.4 dex), and for the highest [Al/Fe] values....

Da Costa, G S; Yong, David

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Design studies of low aspect ratio quasi-omnigenous stellarators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optimization principles for the design of a more attractive reactor. These are 3 and 4 field period low aspect ratio quasi-omnigenous stellarators based on an optimization method that aims at improved confinement stability boundaries. 1. Configuration optimization The development of increasingly sophisticated

Martín-Solís, José Ramón

403

Holographic study of conventional and negative Poisson's ratio metallic foams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Inhomogeneous, non-affine deformation was observed holographically in both foam materials. Introduction in this series were determined from displacement measurements of high magnification video tapes of the tensile a very useful and reliable tool to determine the Poisson's ratio of orthotropic FRP (Fiber Reinforced

Lakes, Roderic

404

Measurement of Branching Ratio for K+?e+?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a 2?-sr magnetic spectrometer, the branching ratio for K+?e+? relative to that for K+??+? has been measured to be (2.42 ± 0.42) × 10-5, in good agreement with the predictions of the V-A theory.

A. R. Clark, Bruce Cork, T. Elioff, L. T. Kerth, J. F. McReynolds, David Newton, and W. A. Wenzel

1972-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

405

LITERATURE SURVEY ON ISOTOPIC ABUNDANCE RATIO MEASUREMENTS - 2001-2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Along with my usual weekly review of the published literature for new nuclear data, I also search for new candidates for best measurements of isotopic abundances from a single source. Most of the published articles, that I previously had found in the Research Library at the Brookhaven Lab, have already been sent to the members of the Atomic Weights Commission, by either Michael Berglund or Thomas Walczyk. In the last few days, I checked the published literature for any other articles in the areas of natural variations in isotopic abundance ratios, measurements of isotopic abundance ratios on samples of extra-terrestrial material and isotopic abundance ratio measurements performed using ICPMS instruments. Hopefully this information will be of interest to members of the Commission, the sub-committee on isotopic abundance measurements (SIAM), members of the former sub-committee on natural isotopic fractionation (SNIF), the sub-committee on extra-terrestrial isotope ratios (SETIR), the RTCE Task Group and the Guidelines Task Group, who are dealing with ICPMS and TIMS comparisons. In the following report, I categorize the publications in one of four areas. Measurements performed using either positive or negative ions with Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometer, TIMS, instruments; measurements performed on Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer, ICPMS, instruments; measurements of natural variations of the isotopic abundance ratios; and finally measurements on extra-terrestrial samples with instrumentation of either type. There is overlap in these areas. I selected out variations and ET results first and then categorized the rest of the papers by TIMS and ICPMS.

HOLDEN, N.E.

2005-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Proton Form Factor Ratio Measurements at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ratio of the proton form factors, G{sub Ep}/G{sub Mp}, has been measured from Q{sup 2} of 0.5 GeV{sup 2} to 8.5 GeV{sup 2}, at the Jefferson Laboratory, using the polarization transfer method. This ratio is extracted directly from the measured ratio of the transverse and longitudinal polarization components of the recoiling proton in elastic electron-proton scattering. The discovery that the proton form factor ratio measured in these experiments decreases approximately linearly with four-momentum transfer, Q{sup 2}, for values above #25;~1 GeV{sup 2}, is one of the most significant results to come out of JLab. These results have had a large impact on progress in hadronic physics; and have required a significant rethinking of nucleon structure. The increasingly common use of the double-polarization technique to measure the nucleon form factors, in the last 15 years, has resulted in a dramatic improvement of the quality of all four nucleon electromagnetic form factors, G{sub Ep}, G{sub Mp}, G{sub En} and G{sub Mn}. There is an approved experiment at JLab, GEP(V), to continue the ratio measurements to 12 GeV{sup 2}. A dedicated experimental setup, the Super Bigbite Spectrometer (SBS), will be built for this purpose. It will be equipped with a focal plane polarimeter to measure the polarization of the recoil protons. The scattered electrons will be detected in an electromagnetic calorimeter. In this presentation, I will review the status of the proton elastic electromagnetic form factors and discuss a number of theoretical approaches to describe nucleon form factors.

Punjabi, Vina A. [Norfolk State University, Norfolk, VA (United States); Perdrisat, Charles F. [William and Mary College, Williamsburg, VA (United States)

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 2012 CONGESTION STUDY COMMENTS OF THE PENNSYLVANIA PUBLIC UTILITY COMMISSION I. Introduction. The Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission ("PAPUC" or "Commission") herein files its comments to the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") Federal Register Notice published on November 10, 2011 (76 FR 70122) soliciting comments in preparation for the 2012 DOE Congestion Study. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 ("EPAct of 2005") directed that DOE perform a triennial study, in consultation with states, of electric transmission congestion on the national grid. After receipt and consideration of

408

United States Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

United States Department of Energy Office of Hearings and Appeals In the Matter of: ) ) Philips Lighting Company; ) Case Nos.: EXC-12-0001 GE Lighting; and ) EXC-12-0002 OSRAM SYLVANIA, Inc. ) EXC-12-0003 ) Filing Date: February 22, 2012 ) ____________________________________) Issued: April 16, 2012 _____________________ Decision and Order ______________________ This Decision and Order considers Applications for Exception filed by Philips Lighting Company (Philips), GE Lighting (GE) and OSRAM SYLVANIA, Inc. (OSI) (collectively, "the Applicants"), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, pertaining to Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test

409

Compact monolithic capacitive discharge unit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact monolithic capacitive discharge unit (CDU) is disclosed in which a thyristor switch and a flyback charging circuit are both sandwiched about a ceramic energy storage capacitor. The result is a compact rugged assembly which provides a low-inductance current discharge path. The flyback charging circuit preferably includes a low-temperature co-fired ceramic transformer. The CDU can further include one or more ceramic substrates for enclosing the thyristor switch and for holding various passive components used in the flyback charging circuit. A load such as a detonator can also be attached directly to the CDU.

Roesler, Alexander W. (Tijeras, NM); Vernon, George E. (Rio Rancho, NM); Hoke, Darren A. (Albuquerque, NM); De Marquis, Virginia K. (Tijeras, NM); Harris, Steven M. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

410

Definition: British thermal unit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

thermal unit thermal unit Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png British thermal unit The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit; often used as a unit of measure for the energy content of fuels.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The British thermal unit (BTU or Btu) is a traditional unit of energy equal to about 1055 joules. It is the amount of energy needed to cool or heat one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit. In scientific contexts the BTU has largely been replaced by the SI unit of energy, the joule. The unit is most often used as a measure of power (as BTU/h) in the power, steam generation, heating, and air conditioning industries, and also as a measure of agricultural energy production (BTU/kg). It is still used

411

UNIT NAME : KOW STANDPIPE REGULATORY STATUS: AOC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

093 UNIT NUMBER: 182 Pg 1 of 2 UNIT NAME : KOW STANDPIPE REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Outside plant security fence, southwest of C-611. 3 feet high by 3 feet in diameter....

412

The Sentara Mobile Mammography Unit | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Sentara Mobile Mammography Unit The Sentara Mobile Mammography Unit will be here at Jefferson Lab on December 11, 2014 from 9 a.m.-2 p.m. Mammography detects breast cancer and...

413

DSM BUYS RESINS UNIT OF AVECIA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

DSM BUYS RESINS UNIT OF AVECIA ... DSM HAS AGREED TO ACQUIRE Avecia's NeoResins coating resins business for almost $680 million. ... The unit will be known as DSM NeoResins and will become part of DSM Coating Resins. ...

PATRICIA SHORT

2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

414

" Million Housing Units, Final"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Appliances in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" Appliances in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,"5 or More Units","Mobile Homes" "Appliances",,"Detached","Attached","2 to 4 Units" "Total Homes",113.6,71.8,6.7,9,19.1,6.9 "Cooking Appliances" "Stoves (Units With Both" "an Oven and a Cooktop)" "Use a Stove",102.3,62.3,6.4,8.7,18.3,6.5 "1.",100.8,61,6.4,8.6,18.3,6.5 "2 or More",1.5,1.3,0.1,"Q","Q","Q" "Do Not Use a Stove",11.3,9.5,0.3,0.3,0.8,0.4

415

Catalytic hydrogenation unit studies. Topical report No. 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ebullated bed hydrotreater at the Advanced Coal Liquefaction R and D Facility in Wilsonville became fully operational during May 1981. This unit was installed to upgrade SRC product, expand the product slate flexibility, and improve hydrogen utilization efficiency. This topical report presents an analysis of the hydrotreater unit operating data from May 1981 (Run 228) to March 1982 (Run 236). During this period, SRC was produced from Kentucky 9 (Fies) coal and from Illinois 6 (Burning Star) coal and was processed using a commercially available cobalt-molybdenum hydrodesulfurizing catalyst manufactured by American Cyanamid Co. (HDS-1442B). The unit was operated over a fairly wide range of space velocities (1.1 to 2.2 lb/hr feed per lb catalyst) and reactor temperatures (650/sup 0/F to 830/sup 0/F). A total of twenty-six unit material balances, under varying operating conditions, were completed during this period. The daily operating and material balance data have been used for analysis and correlation. A three-lump first-order kinetic model has been developed to describe the steadystate behavior of the reactor. A catalyst deactivation model based on intrinsic activity, and rate of loss of this activity (separable decay) is proposed. These models, along with several heuristic correlations, were used to develop a computer simulation program which reasonably predicts product yields, product properties, and hydrogen consumption as a function of several process variables. Also presented is a general discussion of run results, product properties, catalyst selectivity, catalyst deactivation, H-donor activity of hydrotreated products, etc. 25 figures, 18 tables.

Lewis, H.E.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Helium Isotopes In Geothermal And Volcanic Gases Of The Western United  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Helium Isotopes In Geothermal And Volcanic Gases Of The Western United Helium Isotopes In Geothermal And Volcanic Gases Of The Western United States, I, Regional Variability And Magmatic Origin Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Helium Isotopes In Geothermal And Volcanic Gases Of The Western United States, I, Regional Variability And Magmatic Origin Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Helium isotope ratios in gases of thirty hot springs and geothermal wells and of five natural gas wells in the western United States show no relationship to regional conductive heat flow, but do show a correlation with magma-based thermal activity and reservoir fluid temperature (or total convective heat discharge). Gases from high-T (> 200°C) reservoirs have 3He/4He > 2 _ the atmospheric value, with high He

417

UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE UNITED NATIONS 1992 FCCC/INFORMAL/84 GE.05-62220 (E) 200705 #12;UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE The Parties to this Convention in predictions of climate change, particularly with regard to the timing, magnitude and regional patterns thereof

Laughlin, Robert B.

418

A NEW MULTIPLE-UNIT ELECTRODIALYSIS APPARATUS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...NEW MULTIPLE-UNIT ELECTRODIALYSIS APPARATUS 10.1126...NEW MULTIPLE-UNIT ELECTRODIALYSIS APPARATUS. | Journal...maturity, variety and treatment on the iodine value...CHICAGO, ILLINOIS WATER SOLUBLE MAGNESIUM...NEW MULTIPLE-UNIT ELECTRODIALYSIS ous fields of science...

Aasulv Löddesöl

1932-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

419

UNIT SPECIFIC PLAN FORM INVESTIGATOR INFORMATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performed in your work area. This information is requested to help EHS review your Unit Specific Plan Form or stored in your work areas, a" Standard Operating Procedure" (SOP), Appendix A of the Unit Specific Plan1 UNIT SPECIFIC PLAN FORM INVESTIGATOR INFORMATION Principal Investigator: E-Mail: Department

Maroncelli, Mark

420

" Million U.S. Housing Units,...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

in Buildings" "With 5 or More Units)",19.1,7,5.2,3.2,1.8,0.9,0.3,0.8,4.5 "FoundationBasement of Single-Family" "Units and Apartments in Buildings With" "2 to 4 Units...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

International Standards and Units of Radioactivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... latter could be measured and their radium contents expressed in grams. For the measurement of radon, grams (or cubic centimetres) of this gas are impracticable as units, and it ... gas are impracticable as units, and it was therefore decided to use as unit of radon the quantity which is in radioactive equilibrium with 1 gm. of radium; it was ...

1947-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

422

UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

e'-ä\r., e'-ä\r., a"àT#j UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGION 6 14,15 ROSS AVENUE, SUITE 1200 DALLAS, TX 752A2-n33 JA¡t 5 20ll cERTrrmD rytAlr- RETIIRN RECETPT REOITESIEn COPY Edward Ziemianski Acting Manager U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Field Offïce P.O. Box 3090 Carlsbad, NM 88221 RE: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 6 Response to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant OVPP) Approval Request to Use Panel 8 to Store and Land Dispose Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) at the WIPP Fasility located in Carlsbadr New Mexico DearMr. Ziemianski: After review ofthe design and proposed operation ofPanel 8, you are hereby approved to dispose of PCB wastes in Þanel 8 subject to the enclosed Conditions of Afproval. Your letter (dated October 25,2010) qéquested apprgrral to-qse

423

Novel Synchronization of Pulse-Coupled Oscillators on Time-Varying Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article I investigate the novel synchronization behaviors of evolving pulse-coupled oscillator networks. Unlike previous models, the time-varying mechanism is inspired by neural network development, where seldom used links die out while heavily used ones get strengthened. Even small network with all-to-all connected topology can have exotic dynamics under this circumstance. The oscillators can coevolve with the network, and finally form a co-synchronized pair. Or if we only allow a fraction of oscillators to send pulses every time, the oscillators can synchronize with the network remain chaotic.

Yuanzhao Zhang

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

424

Full causal bulk viscous LRS Bianchi I with time varying constants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study the evolution of a LRS Bianchi I Universe, filled with a bulk viscous cosmological fluid in the presence of time varying constants "but" taking into account the effects of a c-variable into the curvature tensor. We find that the only physical models are those which ``constants'' $G$ and $c$ are growing functions on time $t$, while the cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ is a negative decreasing function. In such solutions the energy density obeys the ultrastiff matter equation of state i.e. $\\omega=1$.

J. A. Belinchón

2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

Time-varying Reeb Graphs for Continuous Space-Time Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Reeb graph is a useful tool in visualizing real-valued data obtained from computational simulations of physical processes. We characterize the evolution of the Reeb graph of a time-varying continuous function defined in three-dimensional space. We show how to maintain the Reeb graph over time and compress the entire sequence of Reeb graphs into a single, partially persistent data structure, and augment this data structure with Betti numbers to describe the topology of level sets and with path seeds to assist in the fast extraction of level sets for visualization.

Edelsbrunner, H; Harer, J; Mascarenhas, A; Pascucci, V; Snoeyink, J

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

426

On The Varying Speed of Light in a Brane-Induced FRW Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate a string/M theoretic realization of the varying speed of light scenario. We consider a 3+1 dimensional probe-brane universe in the background of a black hole in the bulk formed by a stack of branes, in the spirit of Kiritsis (hep-th/9906206). We generalize the dynamics of the system at hand by including rotation and Hubble damping of the bulk space-time and show that this may lead to a mechanism to stabilize the brane-universe and hence fix the speed of light at late times.

Stephon H. S. Alexander

1999-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

427

How are Practices Made to Vary? Managing Practice Adaptation in a Multinational Corporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review 5 adapted resembles or deviates in kind from the features of the previous version of the practice (true or distant) and is related to the scope and meaning of the practice. Meaning can be changed through ‘hybridization’ where adopters combine... and provided a forum to facilitate and capture learning, thereby providing the infrastructure to cumulate experiences and to integrate them into the central tools and methodologies of ACE. First, ACE Council, consisting of UTC business unit leaders, played...

Ansari, Shaz; Reinecke, Juliane; Spaan, Amy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Limits on the Boron Isotopic Ratio in HD 76932  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data in the 2090 A B region of HD 76932 have been obtained at high S/N using the HST GHRS echelle at a resolution of 90,000. This wavelength region has been previously identified as a likely candidate for observing the B11/B10 isotopic splitting. The observations do not match a calculated line profile extremely well at any abundance for any isotopic ratio. If the B abundance previously determined from observations at 2500 A is assumed, the calculated line profile is too weak, indicating a possible blending line. Assuming that the absorption at 2090 A is entirely due to boron, the best-fit total B abundance is higher than but consistent with that obtained at 2500 A, and the best-fit isotopic ratio (B11/B10) is in the range ~10:1 to ~4:1. If the absorption is not entirely due to B and there is an unknown blend, the best-fit isotopic ratio may be closer to 1:1. Future observations of a similar metal-poor star known to have unusually low B should allow us to distinguish between these two possibilities. The constr...

Rebull, L M; Johansson, S; Thorburn, J; Fields, B

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

The E2/M1 ratio in {Delta} photoproduction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The properties of the transition from the nucleon to the {Delta}(1232) serve as a benchmark for models of nucleon structure. To first order, N {r_arrow} {Delta} photo-excitation is dominated by a simple M1 quark spin-flip transition. At higher order, small L = 2 components in the N and {Delta} wavefunctions allow this excitation to proceed via an electric quadrupole transition. Since Nucleon models differ greatly on the mechanisms used to generate these L = 2 components,, the ratio of E2/M1 transitions (EMR) provides a sensitive test for structure models. Here, new high-precision measurements of p({rvec {gamma}}, {pi}) and p({rvec {gamma}}, {gamma}) cross sections and beam asymmetries have been combined with other polarization ratios in a simultaneous analysis of both reactions. Compton scattering has provided two important new constraints on the photo-pion amplitude. The E2/M1 mixing ratio for the N {r_arrow} {Delta} transition extracted from this analysis is EMR = {minus}3.0% {+-} 0.3 (stat+sys) {+-} 0.2 (model).

Sandorfi, A.M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Physics Dept.; Blanpied, G. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States). Dept. of Physics; Blecher, M. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Physics Dept.] [and others; LEGS Collaboration

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Quick Estimate of IRR From Capital Estimate Ratios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, May 12-15, 1985 Table II Net Present Value of a unit of Capital ($1000) Time year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital $ -1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 Capital Assoc. $ 0 52 55 58 62 66 70 Expense (a. t.) Tax Effect of $ 0 72 106 101... Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, May 12-15, 1985 Table II Net Present Value of a unit of Capital ($1000) Time year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital $ -1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 Capital Assoc. $ 0 52 55 58 62 66 70 Expense (a. t.) Tax Effect of $ 0 72 106 101...

Larson, R. J.

431

" Million Housing Units, Final"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Household Demographics of U.S. Homes, by Owner/Renter Status, 2009" 2 Household Demographics of U.S. Homes, by Owner/Renter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Detached",,"Attached",,"2 to 4 Units",,"5 or More Units",,"Mobile Homes" "Household Demographics",,"Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent" "Total Homes",113.6,76.5,37.1,63.2,8.6,3.9,2.8,1.5,7.6,2.3,16.8,5.5,1.4 "Number of Household Members"

432

" Million Housing Units, Final"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Owner/Renter Status, 2009" 2 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Owner/Renter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,,,,"Detached",,"Attached",,"2 to 4 Units",,"5 or More Units",,"Mobile Homes" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent" "Televisions" "Total Homes",113.6,76.5,37.1,63.2,8.6,3.9,2.8,1.5,7.6,2.3,16.8,5.5,1.4 "Televisions" "Number of Televisions"

433

" Million Housing Units, Final"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Air Conditioning in U.S. Homes, by Owner/Renter Status, 2009" 2 Air Conditioning in U.S. Homes, by Owner/Renter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,,,,"Detached",,"Attached",,"2 to 4 Units",,"5 or More Units",,"Mobile Homes" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" "Air Conditioning",,"Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent" "Total Homes",113.6,76.5,37.1,63.2,8.6,3.9,2.8,1.5,7.6,2.3,16.8,5.5,1.4 "Air Conditioning Equipment"

434

" Million Housing Units, Final"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Owner/Renter Status, 2009" 2 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Owner/Renter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,,,,"Detached",,"Attached",,"2 to 4 Units",,"5 or More Units",,"Mobile Homes" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent","Own","Rent" "Space Heating" "Total Homes",113.6,76.5,37.1,63.2,8.6,3.9,2.8,1.5,7.6,2.3,16.8,5.5,1.4 "Space Heating Equipment"

435

The slowly varying density approximation for the surface tension and surface energy of  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a detailed study of the validity of the slowly varying density approximation to calculate the surface tension and the surface energy of Lennard-Jones fluids. To do so, we consider three explicit analytical expressions for the radial distribution function of the liquid phase, including one proposed by our research group, together with very accurate expressions for the liquid and vapour densities, also proposed by ourselves. The calculation of the surface tension from the direct correlation function using the Percus–Yevick and the hypernetted-chain approximations is also considered. Finally, our results are compared with those obtained by other authors by computer simulation, and also with those estimated via the general expressions (i.e., not in the ambit of the approximation studied here). We demonstrate that although the slowly varying density approximation is in good agreement with more complex expressions near the critical point, it is not adequate to calculate the surface energy and the surface tension of Lennard-Jones fluids at every temperature.

A Mulero; C Galán; F Cuadros

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Dynamical System Approach to Cosmological Models with a Varying Speed of Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methods of dynamical systems have been used to study homogeneous and isotropic cosmological models with a varying speed of light (VSL). We propose two methods of reduction of dynamics to the form of planar Hamiltonian dynamical systems for models with a time dependent equation of state. The solutions are analyzed on two-dimensional phase space in the variables $(x, \\dot{x})$ where $x$ is a function of a scale factor $a$. Then we show how the horizon problem may be solved on some evolutional paths. It is shown that the models with negative curvature overcome the horizon and flatness problems. The presented method of reduction can be adopted to the analysis of dynamics of the universe with the general form of the equation of state $p=\\gamma(a)\\epsilon$. This is demonstrated using as an example the dynamics of VSL models filled with a non-interacting fluid. We demonstrate a new type of evolution near the initial singularity caused by a varying speed of light. The singularity-free oscillating universes are also admitted for positive cosmological constant. We consider a quantum VSL FRW closed model with radiation and show that the highest tunnelling rate occurs for a constant velocity of light if $c(a) \\propto a^n$ and $-1 < n \\le 0$. It is also proved that the considered class of models is structurally unstable for the case of $n < 0$.

Marek Szydlowski; Adam Krawiec

2002-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

437

A geometrically-induced varying speed of light (VSL) and the accelerating universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We tackle the problem of the accelerating universe by reconsidering the most general form of the metric when the speed of light is allowed to evolve with time in a homogeneous and isotropic universe. A new varying speed of light (VSL) model naturally emerges. We find it unconvenient to perform a general coordinate transformation to obtain the usual constant $g_{tt}$ as such an operation would mask the relation existing between the evolution of the scale factor and the frequency shifts. In the model proposed the expansion rate and the acceleration of the universe turn out to be apparent effects induced by the evolution of the speed of light. The model is beneficial in that no sort of exotic (and so far unobserved) fluids, not even a cosmological constant, are needed for our solutions to be compatible with observations. Only dust and radiation are put into the energy-momentum tensor and these are found to be sufficient to reach the critical density for the model and therefore to obtain a spatially-flat universe. The field equations for the model are derived and solved. Among others, one fashinating possibility is that of an eternally bouncing universe. The relation with the varying-$\\alpha_\\textsc{em}$ results is discussed.

Corrado Appignani

2004-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

438

" Million Housing Units, Final"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Air Conditioning in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" Air Conditioning in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,," Detached"," Attached"," 2 to 4 Units","5 or More Units","Mobile Homes" "Air Conditioning" "Total Homes",113.6,71.8,6.7,9,19.1,6.9 "Air Conditioning Equipment" "Use Air Conditioning Equipment",94,61.1,5.6,6.3,15.2,5.8 "Have Air Conditioning Equipment But" "Do Not Use It",4.9,2.6,0.2,0.7,0.9,0.4 "Do Not Have Air Conditioning Equipment",14.7,8.1,0.9,2.1,3,0.7 "Type of Air Conditioning Equipment "

439

" Million Housing Units, Final"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Household Demographics of U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" Household Demographics of U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,," Detached"," Attached"," 2 to 4 Units","5 or More Units","Mobile Homes" "Household Demographics" "Total Homes",113.6,71.8,6.7,9,19.1,6.9 "Number of Household Members" "1 Person",31.3,14.4,2.1,3.4,9.6,1.9 "2 Persons",35.8,24.2,1.9,2.5,5,2.1 "3 Persons",18.1,12.1,1.2,1.3,2.2,1.2 "4 Persons",15.7,11.5,1,1,1.5,0.8 "5 Persons",7.7,5.8,0.3,0.5,0.6,0.5

440

" Million Housing Units, Final"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuels Used and End Uses in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" Fuels Used and End Uses in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,," Detached"," Attached"," 2 to 4 Units","5 or More Units","Mobile Homes" "Fuels Used and End Uses" "Total Homes",113.6,71.8,6.7,9,19.1,6.9 "Fuels Used for Any Use" "Electricity",113.6,71.8,6.7,9,19.1,6.9 "Natural Gas",69.2,45.6,4.7,6.1,11,1.8 "Propane/LPG",48.9,39.6,2.4,1.7,2,3.2 "Wood",13.1,11.4,0.3,0.2,0.5,0.7 "Fuel Oil",7.7,5.1,0.4,0.7,1.3,0.1

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Next Generation Rooftop Unit | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Next Generation Rooftop Unit Next Generation Rooftop Unit Next Generation Rooftop Unit The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research in a next generation rooftop unit (RTU). More than half of U.S. commercial building space is cooled by packaged heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment. Existing rooftop HVAC units consume more than 1.3% of the United States' annual energy usage annually. Project Description This project seeks to evaluate optimal design strategies for significantly improving the efficiency of rooftop units. The primary market for this project is commercial buildings, such as supermarkets and hotels. Project Partners Research is being undertaken through a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) between the Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National

442

" Million Housing Units, Final"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,," Detached"," Attached"," 2 to 4 Units","5 or More Units","Mobile Homes" "Water Heating" "Total Homes",113.6,71.8,6.7,9,19.1,6.9 "Number of Storage Tank Water Heaters" 0,2.9,1.8,0.1,0.2,0.6,0.1 1,108.1,67.5,6.5,8.8,18.5,6.8 "2 or More",2.7,2.5,0.1,"Q","Q","Q" "Number of Tankless Water Heaters2" 0,110.4,69.5,6.5,8.9,18.6,6.8 1,3.1,2.2,0.2,0.2,0.5,"Q"

443

" Million Housing Units, Final"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,," Detached"," Attached"," 2 to 4 Units","5 or More Units","Mobile Homes" "Space Heating" "Total Homes",113.6,71.8,6.7,9,19.1,6.9 "Space Heating Equipment" "Use Space Heating Equipment",110.1,70.5,6.5,8.7,17.7,6.7 "Have Space Heating Equipment But Do " "Not Use It",2.4,0.8,0.2,0.2,1,0.1 "Do Not Have Space Heating Equipment",1.2,0.6,"Q",0.1,0.4,"Q"

444

E-831 United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

bOE 51325.8 bOE 51325.8 - E-831 United States Government memorandum pa? 1.- -g..bJ %i7Dm--~, I' )! f&,:& Department of Energy DATE: OCT 9 1984 REPLY T O NE-20 ATTN OF: Authorizations for Actions Under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action SUBJECT: Program (FUSRAP) at the St. Louis Airport Storage Site, St. Louis, M O . and the W . R. Grace Site at Curtis Bay, Md. To: J. LaGrone, Manager Oak Ridge Operations O ffice St. Louis Airport Storage Site, M O The House and Senate Reports for the Energy and W a ter Development Appropriation Act (P.L. 98-360) directed the Department of Energy "...to take the necessary steps to consolidate and dispose of the waste material from the Latty Avenue site and nearby St. Louis Airport vicinity properties locally, by reacquiring , stabilizing, and using the old 21.7

445

UNITED STATES GOVERNIMI~NT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

.;. ,! r ?- 1; ,: ( ,T .;. ,! r ?- 1; ,: ( ,T UNITED STATES GOVERNIMI~NT 7.;; ,:;$ _ a, -;::I-;. t, ,. :., .~, . ,.,,, : Thomas J. McCarvill, Chief, Physical Exploration Branch, Division of Baw : Reginald W. Bdmonds, Mining Engineer Division of Raw Naterials SUBJECT: MONAZITB DREDGING OPERATIONS AhD PLACER DEPOSITS CONTAINING TBOL~IIJM MINER&S SYXBOL: B&PM3 While at the Bureau of Mines office on June 2, 1955, Mr. Prank Lamb gave me the following information: The contract covering monazite production between Baumhoff-P~shall, Inc., and tke Lindsay Chemical Compaq expired early this year. Rro dredges ara still operating In the Cascade area, Valley County, Idaho, but expect to shut down about August 1 when monaaite require- ments under the Government contract will be completed. The two dredges

446

United States Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 6 United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CK-1-H Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies served through the facilities of Kentucky Utilities Company, (hereinafter called the Customers.) Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and sold in wholesale quantities. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating current at a nominal frequency of 60 hertz. The power shall be delivered at nominal voltages

447

United States General Accounting Office  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Washington, DC 20548 Washington, DC 20548 Comptroller General of the United States Decision Matter of: The Jones/Hill Joint Venture File: B-286194.4; B-286194.5; B-286194.6 Date: December 5, 2001 William A. Roberts III, Esq., Phillip H. Harrington, Esq., William S. Lieth, Esq., and Janet L. Eichers, Esq., Wiley, Rein & Fielding, for the protester. Marvin D. Norman, Esq., Vicki E. O'Keefe, Esq., and Robert E. Little, Jr., Esq., Department of the Navy, for the agency. Louis A. Chiarella, Esq., John L. Formica, Esq., and James A. Spangenberg, Esq., Office of the General Counsel, GAO, participated in the preparation of the decision. DIGEST 1. A conflict of interest existed in an Office of Management and Budget Circular A-76 commercial activities study where a Navy employee and a private-sector consultant

448

United Nations | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nations Nations Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Project overview describing rationale, products and partners of the UNEP/GEF Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment project. (Purpose): Project overview for presentation at the Asia regional meeting at the Second International Conference on Renewable Energy Technology for Rural Development (RETRUD-03) in Katmandu on 12-14 October 2003 Source NREL Date Released October 14th, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated October 20th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords GEF solar SWERA UNEP United Nations wind Data application/zip icon Download Presentation (zip, 5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 1997 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below

449

United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

qU oSoLTJRC qU oSoLTJRC United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Protecting People and the Environment NUREG-1872, Vol. 2 HudcD [jE©wftamfsýýpc Wafm(M oran EA Office of New Reactors AVAILABILITY OF REFERENCE MATERIALS IN NRC PUBLICATIONS NRC Reference Material As of November 1999, you may electronically access NUREG-series publications and other NRC records at NRC's Public Electronic Reading Room at http:t/www.nrc..ov/reading-rm.html. Publicly released records include, to name a few, NUREG-series publications; Federal Register notices; applicant, licensee, and vendor documents and correspondence; NRC correspondence and internal memoranda; bulletins and information notices; inspection and investigative reports; licensee event reports; and Commission papers and their attachments.

450

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DAVID N. "DAVE" LOPEZ DAVID N. "DAVE" LOPEZ Title: Senior Aviation Policy Officer Organization: Office of Aviation Management/MA-30 Address: Headquarters, United States Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585 E-mail Address: David.Lopez@hq.doe.gov Phone Number: Office: (202) 586-6177, Mobile: (240) 449-0895 Fax Number: (202) 586-6008 Biographical Summary: Dave Lopez is a highly skilled manager and leader with over 34 years experience in government aviation operations and staff management /oversight programs. As an Air Force pilot, he served in a wide variety of aviation operations and management positions, and he retired in 1999 in the grade of Colonel as the Director, Commander-in-Chief's Staff Group, U.S. Strategic Command, Offutt AFB, NE. He joined DOE in 2000 as

451

Mixing Ratios of CO, CO2, CH4, and Isotope Ratios of Associated 13C, 18O,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Air Samples, Niwot Ridge, Colorado Air Samples, Niwot Ridge, Colorado Mixing Ratios of CO, CO2, CH4, and Isotope Ratios of Associated 13C, 18O, and 2H in Air Samples from Niwot Ridge, Colorado, and Montaña de Oro, California, USA (January 2004) image Abstract graphics Graphics data Data Investigator Stanley C. Tyler Department of Earth System Science University of California Irvine, CA DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/atg.db1022 Description and Methods Air samples from Niwot Ridge, Colorado (41°N, 105°W) and Montaña de Oro, CA (35°N, 121°W) have been collected at approximately semi-monthly to monthly intervals since the mid 1990s. The beginning dates for each gas and isotope analyzed are as follows: GASLAB Flask Sampling Network Data Available (April 2003) Gas or isotope Niwot Ridge Montaña de Oro

452

Impacts of Raindrop Fall Velocity and Axis Ratio Errors on Dual-Polarization Radar Rainfall Estimation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Motivated by the field observations of fall velocity and axis ratio deviations from predicted terminal velocity and equilibrium axis ratio values, the combined effects of raindrop fall velocity and axis ratio deviations on dual-polarization radar ...

Bin Pei; Firat Y. Testik; Mekonnen Gebremichael

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Robust and fault-tolerant linear parameter-varying control of wind turbines Christoffer Sloth a,,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robust and fault-tolerant linear parameter-varying control of wind turbines Christoffer Sloth a,,1 Keywords: Wind turbine control Linear parameter-varying (LPV) control Fault-tolerant control Robust control a b s t r a c t High performance and reliability are required for wind turbines to be competitive

Hansen, René Rydhof

454

General Project Sequence The following are typical steps on many projects. Actual required steps may vary from project to project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

General Project Sequence The following are typical steps on many projects. Actual required steps may vary from project to project depending upon the scope, complexity, and specific features. Time periods indicated will vary depending on the nature of the project and needs of the user group

Mather, Patrick T.

455

Effect of low steam/carbon ratio on water gas shift reaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts prepared by reverse co-precipitation and an industrial catalyst were used for the low-temperature water gas shift reaction. The catalysts were characterized by chemical analysis (atomic absorption spectroscopy), BET surface area, nitrous oxide chemisorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and catalytic activity in the target reaction. The catalyst prepared by reverse co-precipitation showed higher BET and copper surface areas, as well as higher catalytic activity. XRD patterns showed that the aurichalcite and hydrozincite precursors were converted into crystalline CuO and ZnO oxides when calcined in air at 623 K. TPR profiles revealed that Cu(I) oxide forms prior to Cu. Binding energies corresponding to several copper states on fresh catalysts were observed by XPS, but copper was in the metallic state during the reaction conditions (reduced catalyst). By varying the catalytic reaction conditions, such as vapor/carbon ratio and the time of contact, it is possible to obtain different conversion rates of carbon monoxide and thus operate under conditions of lower vapor consumption.

Renan Tavares Figueiredo; André Luis Dantas Ramos; Heloysa Martins Carvalho de Andrade; J.L.G. Fierro

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Measurements of the self?to?other ratio in an opera chorus in performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to obtain measurements of the self?to?other ratio (SOR) in the opera chorus on stage. Four members of the opera chorus of Opera Australia volunteered to carry wireless binaural microphones during a dress rehearsal of Verdi’s The Masked Ball in the Sydney Opera House. Conditions were those of actual performance in costume with soloists and orchestra. Hence the recordings are very realistic if acoustically not so stringently controlled. The SOR was estimated from the recordings using M/S matrixing complemented with L–R correlation by adaptive filtering. The results indicate how much louder the singers heard themselves relative to the rest of the ensemble including the orchestra. The SOR varied with score and on?stage formation but was 4–8 dB higher than in ordinary choirs (not opera) as might be expected from the podium acoustics. While each opera chorus artist can hear his or her own voice very well they often hear less of the rest of the chorus and very little of the orchestra. This was borne out in informal listening; the orchestra often became inaudible once the choir entered its louder passages. [Work supported by the Australian Research Council under the SPIRT program.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Grid Impacts of Wind Power: A Summary of Recent Studies in the United States; Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several detailed technical investigations of grid ancillary service impacts of wind power plants in the United States have recently been performed. These studies were applied to Xcel Energy (in Minnesota) and PacifiCorp and the Bonneville Power Administration (both in the northwestern United States). Although the approaches vary, three utility time frames appear to be most at issue: regulation, load following, and unit commitment. This paper describes and compares the analytic frameworks from recent analysis and discusses the implications and cost estimates of wind integration. The findings of these studies indicate that relatively large-scale wind generation will have an impact on power system operation and costs, but these impacts and costs are relatively low at penetration rates that are expected over the next several years.

Parsons, B.; Milligan, M.; Zavadil, B.; Brooks, D.; Kirby, B.; Dragoon, K.; Caldwell, J.

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

E-Print Network 3.0 - aspect ratio spherical Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

element aspect ratio. Currently in the final stages of development, these tools will be applied... possible tetrahedrons (brute force) sort tetrahedrons for aspect ratio sort...

459

1997 Housing Characteristics Tables Housing Unit Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Percent of U.S. Households; 45 pages, 121 kb) Percent of U.S. Households; 45 pages, 121 kb) Contents Pages HC1-1b. Housing Unit Characteristics by Climate Zone, Percent of U.S. Households, 1997 4 HC1-2b. Housing Unit Characteristics by Year of Construction, Percent of U.S. Households, 1997 4 HC1-3b. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income, Percent of U.S. Households, 1997 4 HC1-4b. Housing Unit Characteristics by Type of Housing Unit, Percent of U.S. Households, 1997 3 HC1-5b. Housing Unit Characteristics by Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit, Percent of U.S. Households, 1997 3 HC1-6b. Housing Unit Characteristics by Type of Rented Housing Unit, Percent of U.S. Households, 1997 3 HC1-7b. Housing Unit Characteristics by Four Most Populated States, Percent of U.S. Households, 1997 4

460

United States -Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

United States -Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan United States -Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan President Bush of the United States and Prime Minister Koizumi of Japan...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Neutrino flavor ratios as diagnostic of solar WIMP annihilation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the neutrino (and antineutrino) flavors arriving at Earth for neutrinos produced in the annihilation of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) in the Sun's core. Solar-matter effects on the flavor propagation of the resulting $\\agt$ GeV neutrinos are studied analytically within a density-matrix formalism. Matter effects, including mass-state level-crossings, influence the flavor fluxes considerably. The exposition herein is somewhat pedagogical, in that it starts with adiabatic evolution of single flavors from the Sun's center, with $\\theta_{13}$ set to zero, and progresses to fully realistic processing of the flavor ratios expected in WIMP decay, from the Sun's core to the Earth. In the fully realistic calculation, non-adiabatic level-crossing is included, as are possible nonzero values for $\\theta_{13}$ and the CP-violating phase $\\delta$. Due to resonance enhancement in matter, nonzero values of $\\theta_{13}$ even smaller than a degree can noticeably affect flavor propagation. Both normal and inverted neutrino-mass hierarchies are considered. Our main conclusion is that measuring flavor ratios (in addition to energy spectra) of $\\agt$ GeV solar neutrinos can provide discrinination between WIMP models. In particular, we demonstrate the flavor differences at Earth for neutrinos from the two main classes of WIMP final states, namely $W^+ W^-$ and 95% $b \\bar{b}$ + 5% $\\tau^+\\tau^-$. Conversely, if WIMP properties were to be learned from production in future accelerators, then the flavor ratios of $\\agt$ GeV solar neutrinos might be useful for inferring $\\theta_{13}$ and the mass hierarchy.

Ralf Lehnert; Thomas J. Weiler

2007-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

462

Separated Response Function Ratios in Exclusive, Forward pi^{+/-} Electroproduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study of exclusive $\\pi^{\\pm}$ electroproduction on the nucleon, including separation of the various structure functions, is of interest for a number of reasons. The ratio $R_L=\\sigma_L^{\\pi^-}/\\sigma_L^{\\pi^+}$ is sensitive to isoscalar contamination to the dominant isovector pion exchange amplitude, which is the basis for the determination of the charged pion form factor from electroproduction data. A change in the value of $R_T=\\sigma_T^{\\pi^-}/\\sigma_T^{\\pi^+}$ from unity at small $-t$, to 1/4 at large $-t$, would suggest a transition from coupling to a (virtual) pion to coupling to individual quarks. Furthermore, the mentioned ratios may show an earlier approach to pQCD than the individual cross sections. We have performed the first complete separation of the four unpolarized electromagnetic structure functions above the dominant resonances in forward, exclusive $\\pi^{\\pm}$ electroproduction on the deuteron at central $Q^2$ values of 0.6, 1.0, 1.6 GeV$^2$ at $W$=1.95 GeV, and $Q^2=2.45$ GeV$^2$ at $W$=2.22 GeV. Here, we present the $L$ and $T$ cross sections, with emphasis on $R_L$ and $R_T$, and compare them with theoretical calculations. Results for the separated ratio $R_L$ indicate dominance of the pion-pole diagram at low $-t$, while results for $R_T$ are consistent with a transition between pion knockout and quark knockout mechanisms.

G. M. Huber; H. P. Blok; C. Butuceanu; D. Gaskell; T. Horn; D. J. Mack; D. Abbott; K. Aniol; H. Anklin; C. Armstrong; J. Arrington; K. Assamagan; S. Avery; O. K. Baker; B. Barrett; E. J. Beise; C. Bochna; W. Boeglin; E. J. Brash; H. Breuer; C. C. Chang; N. Chant; M. E. Christy; J. Dunne; T. Eden; R. Ent; H. Fenker; E. F. Gibson; R. Gilman; K. Gustafsson; W. Hinton; R. J. Holt; H. Jackson; S. Jin; M. K. Jones; C. E. Keppel; P. H. Kim; W. Kim; P. M. King; A. Klein; D. Koltenuk; V. Kovaltchouk; M. Liang; J. Liu; G. J. Lolos; A. Lung; D. J. Margaziotis; P. Markowitz; A. Matsumura; D. McKee; D. Meekins; J. Mitchell; T. Miyoshi; H. Mkrtchyan; B. Mueller; G. Niculescu; I. Niculescu; Y. Okayasu; L. Pentchev; C. Perdrisat; D. Pitz; D. Potterveld; V. Punjabi; L. M. Qin; P. E. Reimer; J. Reinhold; J. Roche; P. G. Roos; A. Sarty; I. K. Shin; G. R. Smith; S. Stepanyan; L. G. Tang; V. Tadevosyan; V. Tvaskis; R. L. J. van der Meer; K. Vansyoc; D. Van Westrum; S. Vidakovic; J. Volmer; W. Vulcan; G. Warren; S. A. Wood; C. Xu; C. Yan; W. -X. Zhao; X. Zheng; B. Zihlmann

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

463

Simulating Potential Switchgrass Production in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using results from field trials of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) in the United States, the EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate) process-level agroecosystem model was calibrated, validated, and applied to simulate potential productivity of switchgrass for use as a biofuel feedstock. The model was calibrated with a regional study of 10-yr switchgrass field trials and subsequently tested against a separate compiled dataset of field trials from across the eastern half of the country. An application of the model in a national database using 8-digit watersheds as the primary modeling unit produces 30-yr average switchgrass yield estimates that can be aggregated to 18 major watersheds. The model projects average annual switchgrass productivity of greater than 7 Mg ha-1 in the Upper Mississippi, Lower Mississippi, and Ohio watersheds. The major factors limiting simulated production vary by region; low precipitation is the primary limiting factor across the western half of the country, while moderately acidic soils limit yields on lands east of the Mississippi River. Average projected switchgrass production on all crop land in the continental US is 5.6 Mg ha-1. At this level of productivity, 28.6 million hectares of crop land would be required to produce the 16 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol called for by 2022 in the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act. The model described here can be applied as a tool to inform the land-use and environmental consequences of switchgrass production.

Thomson, Allison M.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; West, T. O.; Parrish, David J.; Tyler, Donald D.; Williams, Jimmy R.

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

464

Product Price Spreads Over Crude Oil Vary With Seasons and Supply/Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Of course, petroleum product prices don't move in lockstep to crude oil prices, for a number of reasons. We find it useful to look at variations in the spread between product and crude oil prices, in this case comparing spot market prices for each. The difference between heating oil and crude oil spot prices tends to vary seasonally; that is, it's generally higher in the winter, when demand for distillate fuels is higher due to heating requirements, and lower in the summer. (Gasoline, as we'll see later, generally does the opposite.) However, other factors affecting supply and demand, including the relative severity of winter weather, can greatly distort these "typical" seasonal trends. As seen on this chart, the winters of 1995-96 and 1996-97 featured

465

Time-Varying Cosmological Term: Emergence and Fate of a FRW Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A time-varying cosmological "constant" Lambda is consistent with Einstein's equation, provided matter and/or radiation is created or destroyed to compensate for it. Supposing an empty primordial universe endowed with a very large cosmological term, matter will emerge gradually as Lambda decays. Provided only radiation or ultrarelativistic matter is initially created, the universe starts in a nearly de Sitter phase, which evolves towards a FRW regime as expansion proceeds. If, at some cosmological time, the cosmological term begins increasing again, as presently observed, expansion will accelerate and matter and/or radiation will be transformed back into dark energy. It is shown that such accelerated expansion is a route towards a new kind of gravitational singular state, characterized by an empty, conformally transitive spacetime in which all energy is dark.

R. Aldrovandi; J. P. Beltran Almeida; J. G. Pereira

2005-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

466

Varying properties of in situ heat treatment of a tar sands formation based on assessed viscosities  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for treating a tar sands formation includes providing heat to at least part of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from a plurality of heaters located in the formation. The heat is allowed to transfer from the heaters to at least a portion of the formation. A viscosity of one or more zones of the hydrocarbon layer is assessed. The heating rates in the zones are varied based on the assessed viscosities. The heating rate in a first zone of the formation is greater than the heating rate in a second zone of the formation if the viscosity in the first zone is greater than the viscosity in the second zone. Fluids are produced from the formation through the production wells.

Karanikas, John Michael; Vinegar, Harold J

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

467

Linear Parameter Varying Model Identification for Control of Rotorcraft-based UAV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A rotorcraft-based unmanned aerial vehicle exhibits more complex properties compared to its full-size counterparts due to its increased sensitivity to control inputs and disturbances and higher bandwidth of its dynamics. As an aerial vehicle with vertical take-off and landing capability, the helicopter specifically poses a difficult problem of transition between forward flight and unstable hover and vice versa. The LPV control technique explicitly takes into account the change in performance due to the real-time parameter variations. The technique therefore theoretically guarantees the performance and robustness over the entire operating envelope. In this study, we investigate a new approach implementing model identification for use in the LPV control framework. The identification scheme employs recursive least square technique implemented on the LPV system represented by dynamics of helicopter during a transition. The airspeed as the scheduling of parameter trajectory is not assumed to vary slowly. The exclu...

Budiyono, Agus

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Influence of spatially varying pseudo-magnetic field on a 2D electron gas in graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of a varying pseudo-magnetic field, which falls as $1/x^2$, on a two dimensional electron gas in graphene is investigated. By considering the second order Dirac equation, we show that its correct general solution is that which might present singular wavefunctions since such field induced by elastic deformations diverges as $x\\rightarrow0$. We show that only this consideration yields the known relativistic Landau levels when we remove such elastic field. We have observed that the zero Landau level fails to develop for certain values of it. We then speculate about the consequences of these facts to the quantum Hall effect on graphene. We also analyze the changes in the relativistic cyclotron frequency. We hope our work being probed in these contexts, since graphene has great potential for electronic applications.

L. G. da Silva Leite; D. Cogollo; C. Filgueiras; Edilberto O. Silva

2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

469

Oil commodity returns and macroeconomic factors: A time-varying approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper analyses the dynamic influence of macroeconomic factors on oil commodity returns (crude oil and heating oil) shown in monthly data over the period of 1990–2013. Using a time-varying parameter model via the Kalman filter, we find that macroeconomic factors are relevant for explaining oil commodity returns. We find that multilateral exchange rates have a negative effect on commodity returns. We confirm the existence of a strong linkage between energy and non-energy commodities. More importantly, we find shifts in global demand and SP500 effects that are not identified through the constant parameter model. These variables have had a progressively positive effect on oil commodity returns, especially since 2008.

Christophe Schalck; Régis Chenavaz

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Adaptive Selective Harmonic Minimization Based on ANNs for Cascade Multilevel Inverters With Varying DC Sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new approach for modulation of an 11-level cascade multilevel inverter using selective harmonic elimination is presented in this paper. The dc sources feeding the multilevel inverter are considered to be varying in time, and the switching angles are adapted to the dc source variation. This method uses genetic algorithms to obtain switching angles offline for different dc source values. Then, artificial neural networks are used to determine the switching angles that correspond to the real-time values of the dc sources for each phase. This implies that each one of the dc sources of this topology can have different values at any time, but the output fundamental voltage will stay constant and the harmonic content will still meet the specifications. The modulating switching angles are updated at each cycle of the output fundamental voltage. This paper gives details on the method in addition to simulation and experimental results.

Filho, Faete [ORNL; Maia, Helder Z [UFMS, Department of Electrical Engineering; Mateus, Tiago Henrique D [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Pinto, Joao Onofre P [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Magnetic field stabilization by temperature control of an azimuthally varying field cyclotron magnet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A magnetic field drift, gradual decrease of the order of 10{sup -4} in several tens of hours, was observed with the beam intensity decrease in an operation of an azimuthally varying field (AVF) cyclotron. From our experimental results, we show that the temperature increase of the magnet iron by the heat transfer from the excitation coils can induce such change of the magnetic field as to deteriorate the beam quality. The temperature control of the magnet iron was realized by thermal isolation between the main coil and the yoke and by precise control of the cooling water temperature of the trim coils attached to the pole surfaces in order to prevent temperature change of the magnet iron. The magnetic field stability of {+-}5x10{sup -6} and the beam intensity stability of {+-}2% have been achieved by this temperature control.

Okumura, S.; Arakawa, K.; Fukuda, M.; Nakamura, Y.; Yokota, W.; Ishimoto, T.; Kurashima, S.; Ishibori, I.; Nara, T.; Agematsu, T.; Sano, M.; Tachikawa, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), 1233 Watanuki, Takasaki, Gunma 370-1292 (Japan); Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd. (SHI), 5-2 Soubiraki, Niihama, Ehime 792-8588 (Japan)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Impact of Varying Atmospheric Profiles on Extensive Air Shower Observation: Fluorescence Light Emission and Energy Reconstruction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several experiments measure the fluorescence light produced by extensive air showers in the atmosphere. This light is converted into a longitudinal shower profile from which information on the primary energy and composition is derived. The fluorescence yield, as the conversion factor between light profile measured by EAS experiments and physical interpretation of showers, has been measured in several laboratory experiments. The results, however, differ considerably. In this article, a model calculation of the fluorescence emission from relevant band systems of nitrogen in dependence on wavelength and atmospheric conditions is presented. Different calculations are compared to each other in combination with varying input parameters. The predictions are compared with measurements and the altitude-dependence of the fluorescence yield is discussed in detail.

B. Keilhauer; J. Bluemer; R. Engel; H. O. Klages

2005-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

473

The semiclassical tunneling probability in quantum cosmologies with varying speed of light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In quantum cosmology the closed universe can spontaneously nucleate out of the state with no classical space and time. The semiclassical tunneling nucleation probability can be estimated as $\\emph{P}\\sim\\exp(-\\alpha^2/\\Lambda)$ where $\\alpha$=const and $\\Lambda$ is the cosmological constant. In classical cosmology with varying speed of light c(t) (VSL) it is possible to solve the horizon problem, the flatness problem and the $\\Lambda$-problem if c=sa^n with s=const and n0. Thus, the semiclassical tunneling nucleation probability in VSL quantum cosmology is very different from this one in quantum cosmology with c=const. In particular, this one is strongly suppressed for large values of $\\Lambda$.

A. V. Yurov; V. A. Yurov

2004-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

474

Probability Tables for Mendelian Ratios with Small Numbers.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-called ex- Total ...-...-..-..-....-.--. .9999 pected may lead to error in interpretation rather than serving as a valuable aid as it does with large numbers. Examples with other small numbers could be given, but this should iIIustrate the points... is set off so as to show the point beyond which the total probability in that direction is .0050 or less. Mendelian Ratios Combi- 1 130 121 112 10 3 9 4 8 5 7 6 6 7 5 8 4 9 3 10 2 11 .On95 0028 .O002 .. -- I ---- - 1 12 .0016 .0004...

Warwick, B. L. (Bruce L.)

1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

CISC controls and the union/non-union wage ratio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

57 CISC CONTROLS AND THE UNION/NON-UNION WAGE RATIO David Shulenburger, Robert A. McLean, Sara B. Rasch 1 Introduction The late 1960's witnessed relatively high rates of change in the hourly wages of craftsmen in the contract construction i.... The research reported here was supported by the Office of Construction Industry Servicc~, U.S. Depaitment of Labor. Hugh Conway and Tom Mobley of that office were especially helpful. Conclusions drawn and opinions expressed are those of the authors and 6o...

Shulenburger, David E.; McLean, Robert A.; Rasch, Sara B.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Effects of elevated CO2 concentration on growth and water usage of tomato seedlings under different ammonium/nitrate ratios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration is generally expected to enhance photosynthesis and growth of agricultural C3 vegetable crops, and therefore results in an increase in crop yield. However, little is known about the combined effect of elevated CO2 and N species on plant growth and development. Two growth-chamber experiments were conducted to determine the effects of NH4+/NO3? ratio and elevated CO2 concentration on the physiological development and water use of tomato seedlings. Tomato was grown for 45 d in containers with nutrient solutions varying in NH4+/NO3? ratios and CO2 concentrations in growth chambers. Results showed that plant height, stem thickness, total dry weight, dry weight of the leaves, stems and roots, G value (total plant dry weight/seedling days), chlorophyll content, photosynthetic rate, leaf-level and whole plant-level water use efficiency and cumulative water consumption of tomato seedlings were increased with increasing proportion of NO3? in nutrient solutions in the elevated CO2 treatment. Plant biomass, plant height, stem thickness and photosynthetic rate were 67%, 22%, 24% and 55% higher at elevated CO2 concentration than at ambient CO2 concentration, depending on the values of NH4+/NO3? ratio. These results indicated that elevating CO2 concentration did not mitigate the adverse effects of 100% NH4+-N (in nutrient solution) on the tomato seedlings. At both CO2 levels, NH4+/NO3? ratios of nutrient solutions strongly influenced almost every measure of plant performance, and nitrate-fed plants attained a greater biomass production, as compared to ammonium-fed plants. These phenomena seem to be related to the coordinated regulation of photosynthetic rate and cumulative water consumption of tomato seedlings.

Juan LI; Jian-min ZHOU; Zeng-qiang DUAN

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Ratio of the ternary-to-binary fission cross sections induced by thermal and resonance neutrons in 241Pu  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ternary-to-binary fission cross-section ratio (T/B) was determined for 241Pu for neutron induced fission in the energy region from 0.01 eV to 50 eV. The ternary and binary fission time-of-flight spectra were recorded at a 8.1 m flightpath at the CBNM Linac with a bank of four large gold-silicon surface-barrier detectors viewing a 1 mg/cm2 241Pu target. The ternary alpha pulse-height spectrum in the neutron energy region of interest was checked continuously. From the time-of-flight spectra the ratios of the areas of the strongest resonances in ternary and in binary fission were calculated; in the neutron energy region from 0.01 to 0.5 eV ratios were calculated for 18 zones throughout the spectrum. In the energy region from 1 to 50 eV the T/B ratio varies significantly from resonance to resonance, allowing a classification into a “high” and a “low” group. Although the statistical accuracy is poorer in the region below 1 eV we deduce from these T/B data that the 0.260 eV resonance probably belongs to the “high” group and also that there is only a slight difference between the T/B value at 0.260 eV and at thermal energy. We correlate these T/B values with the resonance spin J in terms of the channel theory of fission.

C. Wagemans; A.J. Deruytter

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Shear Viscosity to Entropy Density Ratio in Six Derivative Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate shear viscosity to entropy density ratio in presence of four derivative (with coefficient $\\alpha'$) and six derivative (with coefficient $\\alpha'^2$) terms in bulk action. In general, there can be three possible four derivative terms and ten possible six derivative terms in the Lagrangian. Among them two four derivative and eight six derivative terms are ambiguous, i.e., these terms can be removed from the action by suitable field redefinitions. Rest are unambiguous. According to the AdS/CFT correspondence all the unambiguous coefficients (coefficients of unambiguous terms) can be fixed in terms of field theory parameters. Therefore, any measurable quantities of boundary theory, for example shear viscosity to entropy density ratio, when calculated holographically can be expressed in terms of unambiguous coefficients in the bulk theory (or equivalently in terms of boundary parameters). We calculate $\\eta/s$ for generic six derivative gravity and find that apparently it depends on few ambiguous coefficients at order $\\alpha'^2$. We calculate six derivative corrections to central charges $a$ and $c$ and express $\\eta/s$ in terms of these central charges and unambiguous coefficients in the bulk theory.

Nabamita Banerjee; Suvankar Dutta

2009-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

479

Universal viscosity to entropy density ratio from entanglement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present evidence that the universal Kovtun-Son-Starinets shear viscosity to entropy density ratio of 1/4{pi} can be associated with a Rindler causal horizon in flat spacetime. Since there is no known holographic (gauge/gravity) duality for this spacetime, a natural microscopic explanation for this viscosity is in the peculiar properties of quantum entanglement. In particular, it is well known that the Minkowski vacuum state is a thermal state and carries an area entanglement entropy density in the Rindler spacetime. Based on the fluctuation-dissipation theorem, we expect a similar notion of viscosity arising from vacuum fluctuations. Therefore, we propose a holographic Kubo formula in terms of a two-point function of the stress tensor of matter fields in the bulk. We calculate this viscosity assuming a minimally coupled scalar field theory and find that the ratio with respect to the entanglement entropy density is exactly 1/4{pi} in four dimensions. The issues that arise in extending this result to nonminimally coupled scalar fields, higher spins, and higher dimensions provide interesting hints about the relationship between entanglement entropy and black hole entropy.

Chirco, Goffredo; Eling, Christopher; Liberati, Stefano [SISSA, Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste (Italy) and INFN Sezione di Trieste, Via Valerio 2, 34127 Trieste (Italy)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

480

Influence of Transport Variables on Isospin Transport Ratios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The symmetry energy in the nuclear equation of state affects many aspects of nuclear astrophysics, nuclear structure, and nuclear reactions. Recent constraints from heavy ion collisions, including isospin diffusion observables, have started to put constraints on the symmetry energy below nuclear saturation density, but these constraints depend on the employed transport model and input physics other than the symmetry energy. To understand these dependencies, we study the influence of the symmetry energy, isoscaler mean field compressibility and momentum dependence, in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections, and light cluster production on isospin diffusion within the pBUU transport code. In addition to the symmetry energy, several uncertain issues strongly affect isospin diffusion, most notably the cross sections and cluster production. In addition, there is a difference in the calculated isospin transport ratios, depending upon whether they are computed using the isospin asymmetry of either the residue or of all forward moving fragments. Measurements that compare the isospin transport ratios of these two quantities would help place constraints on the input physics, such as the density dependence of the symmetry energy.

D. D. S. Coupland; W. G. Lynch; M. B. Tsang; P. Danielewicz; Yingxun Zhang

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ratios unit varies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Economic environment of coal mining operations in Appalachia, United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Appalachia is a mountainous coal region, in the United States, where the small mining operation dominates. The large number of small coal operations makes the coal industry in that area very competitive, the industry concentration ratio being low. The vast majority of the small coal operations are contractors and nonunionized. There are various circumstances under which a large company will elect to supplement their coal production from their, usually larger, coal mines. The size of the coal mine is generally dictated by the size and location of the coal reserves. The optimum rate of coal extraction, and hence the life of the mine, is a factor of the size of the coal reserves and the contribution margin (coal price less variable cost). Large companies tend to have better safety records than smaller companies due to greater numbers of professional engineers and better management. Small mines have the advantage of closer supervision.

A.B. Szwilski

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Operating experience of Pyroflow boilers in a 250 MWe unit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cedar Bay Cogeneration project is a 250 MWe unit owned and operated by US Generating Company. This plant has one turbine rated at 250 MWe net which is supplied by three Pyroflow CFB boilers that operate in parallel while supplying a paper mill with steam on an uninterruptible basis. Compared to similar size CFB boilers the Cedar Bay boilers have certain unique features. First, these are reheat boilers which must continue to supply process steam even when the steam turbine is down. Second, the SO{sub 2} control operates at a very low Ca/S molar ratio by optimizing the process conditions and flyash reinjection. Third, the NO{sub x} reduction process utilizes aqueous ammonia injection. This paper presents the operating data at full load in terms of boiler efficiency, and the ability to limit gaseous emissions with minimum limestone and ammonia usage. Unique features relating to the multiple boiler installation are also discussed.

Chelian, P.K.; Hyvarinen, K. [Pyropower Corp., San Diego, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

483

Portable brine evaporator unit, process, and system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention discloses a comprehensive, efficient, and cost effective portable evaporator unit, method, and system for the treatment of brine. The evaporator unit, method, and system require a pretreatment process that removes heavy metals, crude oil, and other contaminates in preparation for the evaporator unit. The pretreatment and the evaporator unit, method, and system process metals and brine at the site where they are generated (the well site). Thus, saving significant money to producers who can avoid present and future increases in transportation costs.

Hart, Paul John (Indiana, PA); Miller, Bruce G. (State College, PA); Wincek, Ronald T. (State College, PA); Decker, Glenn E. (Bellefonte, PA); Johnson, David K. (Port Matilda, PA)

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

484

United States National Energy Technology Laboratory's (NETL)...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Laboratory's (NETL) Smart Grid Implementation Strategy Reference Library Website Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: United States National Energy Technology...

485

Douglas United Nuclear monthly report, June 1971  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the details of the activities of Douglas United Nuclear at the Hanford site during the month of June 1971.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

NEJM restricts use of SI units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... author of the editorial announcing the decision, called the controversy "a tempest in a teapot". He said the change affects only "which [unit] comes first in the ...

Traci Watson

1992-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

487

Problems of intraplate extensional tectonics, Western United...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on the Great Basin Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Proceedings: Problems of intraplate extensional tectonics, Western United...

488

United Oil Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: United Oil Company Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Product: Vegetable-Oil producer Biodiesel producer based in Pittsburgh, PA References:...

489

U. S. Military Expenditures to Protect the Use of Persian Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles: Report #15 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

United States and the Persian Gulf Conflict, Policy Analysisof land forces allocated to Persian Gulf. Uses this ratio tobut did not consume Persian- Gulf oil oilc 5. Motor vehicles

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Improving Unit Operations-Test Station Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) usage. The basic concept evaluates the varying criterias affecting these elements and their direct impact on production/test station operating costs. Second consideration explores other methods available to enhance mechanical compatibility with operator...

Filak, J. J. Jr.

491

E-Print Network 3.0 - aspect ratio tokamak Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

tokamak Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aspect ratio tokamak...

492

Shear-Viscosity to Entropy Density Ratio of a Relativistic Hadron Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) are thought to have produced a state of matter called the Quark-Gluon-Plasma, characterized by a very small shear viscosity to entropy density ratio $\\eta/s$, near the lower bound predicted for that quantity by Anti-deSitter space/Conformal Field Theory (AdS/CFT) methods. As the produced matter expands and cools, it evolves through a phase described by a hadron gas with rapidly increasing $\\eta/s$. We calculate $\\eta/s$ as a function of temperature in this phase and find that its value poses a challenge for viscous relativistic hydrodynamics, which requires small values of $\\eta/s$ throughout the entire evolution of the reaction in order to successfully describe the collective flow observables at RHIC. We show that the inclusion of non-unit fugacities will reduce $\\eta/s$ in the hadronic phase, yet not sufficiently to be compatible with viscous hydrodynamics. We therefore conclude that the origin of the low viscosity matter at RHIC must be in the partonic phase of the reaction.

Nasser Demir; Steffen A. Bass

2008-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

493

BRIDGE: Branching Ratio Inquiry/Decay Generated Events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the manual for the program BRIDGE: Branching Ratio Inquiry/Decay Generated Events. The program is designed to operate with arbitrary models defined within matrix element generators, so that one can simulate events with small final-state multiplicities, decay them with BRIDGE, and then pass them to showering and hadronization programs. BRI can automatically calculate widths of two and three body decays. DGE can decay unstable particles in any Les Houches formatted event file. DGE is useful for the generation of event files with long decay chains, replacing large matrix elements by small matrix elements followed by sequences of decays. BRIDGE is currently designed to work with the MadGraph/MadEvent programs for implementing and simulating new physics models. In particular, it can operate with the MadGraph implementation of the MSSM. In this manual we describe how to use BRIDGE, and present a number of sample results to demonstrate its accuracy.

Patrick Meade; Matthew Reece

2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

494

QCD Viscosity to Entropy Density Ratio in the Hadronic Phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shear viscosity (eta) of QCD in the hadronic phase is computed by the coupled Boltzmann equations of pions and nucleons in low temperatures and low baryon number densities. The eta to entropy density ratio eta/s maps out the nuclear gas-liquid phase transition by forming a valley tracing the phase transition line in the temperature-chemical potential plane. When the phase transition turns into a crossover, the eta/s valley gradually disappears. We suspect the general feature for a first-order phase transition is that eta/s has a discontinuity in the bottom of the eta/s valley. The discontinuity coincides with the phase transition line and ends at the critical point. Beyond the critical point, a smooth eta/s valley is seen. However, the valley could disappear further away from the critical point. The eta/s measurements might provide an alternative to identify the critical points.

Jiunn-Wei Chen; Yen-Han Li; Yen-Fu Liu; Eiji Nakano

2007-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

495

Influence of Transport Variables on Isospin Transport Ratios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The symmetry energy in the nuclear equation of state affects many aspects of nuclear astrophysics, nuclear structure, and nuclear reactions. Recent constraints from heavy ion collisions, including isospin diffusion observables, have started to put constraints on the symmetry energy below nuclear saturation density, but these constraints depend on the employed transport model and input physics other than the symmetry energy. To understand these dependencies, we study the influence of the symmetry energy, isoscaler mean field compressibility and momentum dependence, in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections, and light cluster production on isospin diffusion within the pBUU transport code. In addition to the symmetry energy, several uncertain issues strongly affect isospin diffusion, most notably the cross sections and cluster production. In addition, there is a difference in the calculated isospin transport ratios, depending upon whether they are computed using the isospin asymmetry of either the residue or of a...

Coupland, D D S; Tsang, M B; Danielewicz, P; Zhang, Yingxun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Modular low-aspect-ratio high-beta torsatron  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fusion-reactor device is described which the toroidal magnetic field and at least a portion of the poloidal magnetic field are provided by a single set of modular coils. The coils are arranged on the surface of a low-aspect-ratio toroid in planed having the cylindrical coordinate relationship phi = phi/sub i/ + kz, where k is a constant equal to each coil's pitch and phi/sub i/ is the toroidal angle at which the i'th coil intersects the z = o plane. The toroid defined by the modular coils preferably has a race track minor cross section. When vertical field coils and, preferably, a toroidal plasma current are provided for magnetic-field-surface closure within the toroid, a vacuum magnetic field of racetrack-shaped minor cross section with improved stability and beta valves is obtained.

Sheffield, G.V.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Modular low aspect ratio-high beta torsatron  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fusion reactor device in which the toroidal magnetic field and at least a portion of the poloidal magnetic field are provided by a single set of modular coils. The coils are arranged on the surface of a low aspect ratio toroid in planes having the cylindrical coordinate relationship .phi.=.phi..sub.i +kz where k is a constant equal to each coil's pitch and .phi..sub.i is the toroidal angle at which the i'th coil intersects the z=o plane. The device may be described as a modular, high beta torsation whose screw symmetry is pointed along the systems major (z) axis. The toroid defined by the modular coils preferably has a racetrack minor cross section. When vertical field coils and preferably a toroidal plasma current are provided for magnetic field surface closure within the toroid, a vacuum magnetic field of racetrack shaped minor cross section with improved stability and beta valves is obtained.

Sheffield, George V. (Hopewell, NJ); Furth, Harold P. (Princeton, NJ)

1984-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

498

A New Method for Detecting the Time-Varying Nonlinear Damping in Nonlinear Oscillation Systems: Nonparametric Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents an original method that can be used for identifying time-varying nonlinear damping characteristics of a nonlinear oscillation system. The method developed involves the nonparametric identification, in ...

Jang, T. S.

499

Coordinated formation pattern control of multiple marine surface vehicles with model uncertainty and time-varying ocean currents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers the coordinated formation pattern control of multiple marine surface vehicles in the presence of model uncertainty and time-varying ocean disturbances induced wind, waves and ocean currents. ...

Zhouhua Peng; Dan Wang; Hao Wang; Wei Wang

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING, VOL. 29, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2010 365 Data Specific Spatially Varying Regularization for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING, VOL. 29, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2010 365 Data Specific Spatially Varying Regularization for Multimodal Fluorescence Molecular Tomography Damon Hyde*, Eric L. Miller, Dana H. Brooks, and Vasilis Ntziachristos Abstract--Fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT) allows

Miller, Eric