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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Energy Rating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consistent, accurate, and uniform ratings based on a single statewide rating scale Reasonable estimates of potential utility bill savings and reliable recommendations on cost-effective measures to improve energy efficiency Training and certification procedures for home raters and quality assurance procedures to promote accurate ratings and to protect consumers Labeling procedures that will meet the needs of home buyers, homeowners, renters, the real estate industry, and mortgage lenders with an interest in home energy ratings

Cabec Conference; Rashid Mir P. E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Hazardous Waste: Resource Pack for Trainers and Communicators | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hazardous Waste: Resource Pack for Trainers and Communicators Hazardous Waste: Resource Pack for Trainers and Communicators Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Hazardous Waste: Resource Pack for Trainers and Communicators Agency/Company /Organization: International Solid Waste Association (ISWA), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Sector: Energy, Land, Water Focus Area: Renewable Energy, - Waste to Energy Phase: Evaluate Options Topics: Adaptation, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials Website: www.trp-training.info/ Cost: Paid Language: English References: Training Resource Pack[1] "The new TRP+ provides a structured package of notes, technical summaries, visual aids and other training material concerning the (hazardous) waste

3

Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack February 17, 2012 - 10:32am Addthis Fuel cell forklifts like the one shown here are used by leading companies across the U.S. as part of their daily business operations. | Energy Department file photo. Fuel cell forklifts like the one shown here are used by leading companies across the U.S. as part of their daily business operations. | Energy Department file photo. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager, Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technology Program What does the report show? The 34 companies profiled used more than 250 fuel cells totaling 30+ MW of stationary power -- enough to supply electricity for over 21,000 households. What do WalMart, Coca-Cola, Sysco, and Whole Foods have in common? They're leading the pack when it comes to hydrogen and fuel cells.

4

Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack February 17, 2012 - 10:32am Addthis Fuel cell forklifts like the one shown here are used by leading companies across the U.S. as part of their daily business operations. | Energy Department file photo. Fuel cell forklifts like the one shown here are used by leading companies across the U.S. as part of their daily business operations. | Energy Department file photo. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager, Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technology Program What does the report show? The 34 companies profiled used more than 250 fuel cells totaling 30+ MW of stationary power -- enough to supply electricity for over 21,000 households. What do WalMart, Coca-Cola, Sysco, and Whole Foods have in common? They're leading the pack when it comes to hydrogen and fuel cells.

5

Energy Rating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Home Energy Audit shall be completed for a home only if it is completed as specified by these regulations and the HERS Technical Manual.” Scope and Application

California Home

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Energy Saving in Distillation Using Structured Packing and Vapor Recompression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Distillation is a big consumer of energy in process plant operations. A first step to energy cost savings is the use of high efficiency structured packing in place of trays or dumped packings in conventionally operated distillation columns. Larger savings, as much as 80%, may be obtained by using a direct vapor recompression (VRC) heat pump instead of the conventional column operation with a steam heated reboiler. A main criterion of the suitability of a distillation for VRC is a low temperature difference across the column. VRC uses hot compressed overhead vapors, instead of steam, to heat the reboiler. Cost savings are highest when the pressure ratio for the compressor is low. The pressure ratio depends on the boiling point difference of top and bottom products, the reboiler-condenser driving force temperature and the column pressure drop. Structured packing has a low pressure drop; thus increasing the savings obtained with VRC - for retrofits or new columns - and increasing the range of applications where VRC is suitable for distillations. For low pressure distillation application, a column with a small pressure drop is especially important. An example of a vacuum distillation which is made suitable for VRC with use of structured packing is separation of styrene and ethyl benzene. "

Hill, J.H.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

LEDS Collaboration in Action Workshop Participant Pack | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » LEDS Collaboration in Action Workshop Participant Pack Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us ACDS Workshop Participant Pack Agenda Accommodations Participants Location Arrival Form Open Space Sessions Speakers Presentations Links Contact Us Participant Pack Pack.pdf Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you

8

Battery pack  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A battery pack is described, having a center of mass, for use with a medical instrument including a latch, an ejector, and an electrical connector, the battery pack comprising: energy storage means for storing electrical energy; latch engagement means, physically coupled to the energy storage means, for engaging the latch; ejector engagement means, physically coupled to the energy storage means, for engaging the ejector; and connector engagement means, physically coupled to the energy storage means, for engaging the connector, the latch engagement means, ejector engagement means, and connector engagement means being substantially aligned in a plane offset from the center of mass of the battery pack.

Weaver, R.J.; Brittingham, D.C.; Basta, J.C.

1993-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

9

Modeling of an adiabatic packed bed brine-air contactor for use in a solar energy driven food processing system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mathematical model was developed for a packed bed brine-air contacting system which has applications in a solar energy driven food processing system. The model considers mass transfer resistances of both phases, but neglects the heat transfer resistance of the liquid phase. It takes into account the large heat effects associated with water absorption into and desorption from the brine. A computational method was also developed to calculate the minimum air flow rate which would prevent a pinch. A packed bed brine-air contactor was built, and experiments were conducted for a range of brine and air conditions. Good agreement between the computed and experimental results warrants use of the model to design and optimize the packed bed water stripping process. A periodic-flow packed bed heat regenerator was built to recover heat from the exit air of the contactor so as to improve the energy efficiency of the system. It was possible to preheat the inlet air to a temperature close to that of the exit air. The inlet air, however, during its passage through the regenerator picked up the condensate deposited from the exit air. This led to a decrease in the driving potential to mass transfer in the contactor. Optimization studies show that using a combined solar driven boiler and air assisted packed bed water stripper would be more economical than using a solar driven boiler alone or using flat plate solar collectors to drive the water stripper.

Biswal, R.N.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Distillation: Energy Savings and Other Benefits From the Use of High Efficiency Packings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A great deal of attention has been focused lately on the use of high-efficiency packings for distillation applications. This paper discusses benefits that can be derived from the use of these devices. In particular, the reduction in energy requirements for a given separation is addressed for both new and retrofit applications. Pressure loss and product decomposition are also considered, and the basis for an alternative analysis is established. An example is shown in which an existing distillation tray column is retrofitted with a high-efficiency packing. The process advantages achieved, including energy savings, are discussed, as well as the factors governing the selection of the packing. The current limitations on design models for high-efficiency packings with respect to mass transfer efficiency, pressure drop, and capacity in distillation are mentioned briefly. Finally, the applications of these devices to alternative technologies such as liquid-liquid extraction are discussed.

Bravo, J. L.; Fair, J. R.; Humphrey, J. L.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Energy distributions and effective temperatures in the packing of elastic sheets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OFFPRINT Energy distributions and effective temperatures in the packing of elastic sheets S) 24002 www.epljournal.org doi: 10.1209/0295-5075/85/24002 Energy distributions and effective temperatures-section are broadly distributed. We find distributions of energy with exponential tails. This setup naturally divides

Boudaoud, Arezki

12

Energy distributions and effective temperatures in the packing of elastic sheets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy distributions and effective temperatures in the packing of elastic sheets S. Deboeuf, M of the branches forming the cross-section are broadly distributed. We find distributions of energy and within the bulk. While the geometrical properties of the sub-systems differ, their energy distributions

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

13

Building energy benchmarks and rating tools | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building energy benchmarks and rating tools Building energy benchmarks and rating tools Building energy benchmarks and rating tools Building energy benchmarks and rating tools More...

14

Energy Management Through Innovative Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increased costs and a continuing dependence on uncertain supplies of domestic and foreign energy resources have prompted many companies to focus their attention on energy management. The author explores the potential for achieving a greater measure of energy efficiency in the industrial sector and specific rate design alternatives for doing so.

Williams, M. L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Rate Schedules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rate Schedules Rate Schedules Rate Schedules One of the major responsibilities of Southeastern is to design, formulate, and justify rate schedules. Repayment studies prepared by the agency determine revenue requirements and appropriate rate levels and these studies for each of Southeastern's four power marketing systems are updated annually. They demonstrate the adequacy of the rates for each system. Rates are considered to be adequate when revenues are sufficient to repay all costs associated with power production and transmission costs, which include the amortization of the Federal investment allocated to power. Latest Rate Schedules October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012

16

Building Energy Performance Certificate. Asset Rating.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Non-Domestic Building Energy Performance Asset Rating ... Asset Rating. Author: BRE Subject: LCEA029636 Keywords: Energy Performance Certificate ...

17

Electronically configured battery pack  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Battery packs for portable equipment must sometimes accommodate conflicting requirements to meet application needs. An electronically configurable battery pack was developed to support two highly different operating modes, one requiring very low power consumption at a low voltage and the other requiring high power consumption at a higher voltage. The configurable battery pack optimizes the lifetime and performance of the system by making the best use of all available energy thus enabling the system to meet its goals of operation, volume, and lifetime. This paper describes the cell chemistry chosen, the battery pack electronics, and tradeoffs made during the evolution of its design.

Kemper, D.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Improved Battery Pack Thermal Management to Reduce Cost and Increase Energy Density: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-12-499  

SciTech Connect

Under this CRADA NREL will support Creare's project for the Department of Energy entitled 'Improved Battery Pack Thermal Management to Reduce Cost and Increase Energy Density' which involves the development of an air-flow based cooling product that increases energy density, safety, and reliability of hybrid electric vehicle battery packs.

Smith, K.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Energy Efficiency Interest Rate Reduction Program | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interest Rate Reduction Program Energy Efficiency Interest Rate Reduction Program Eligibility Residential Savings For Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial...

20

Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rate Rate Escalations to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Greenhouse Gases Water Efficiency Basics Federal Requirements Best Management Practices Analysis and Evaluation Water Rate Escalations Evaluation Service Contracts Case Studies Resources

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Corridor Rate Analysis Results - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration 113 ... with the pipeline company tariff rates obtained using the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Automated System for Tariff

22

Definition: Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

power, such as transformers, or transport it from one location to another, such as transmission lines, the power rating almost always refers to the maximum power flow...

23

Energy Crossroads: Home Energy Rating Systems | Environmental...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contractors Association (CBPCA) helps green contractors identify and perform quality Green Home Energy Upgrades - our name for comprehensive (i.e., whole-house) energy...

24

Kold Pack: Order (2013-CE-5323)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Kold Pack, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Kold Pack had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

25

Utility Rate Discounts | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Discounts Discounts Jump to: navigation, search A few electric utilities offer rate discounts to encourage residential energy efficiency. For homes that meet certain energy efficiency criteria, such as those established by the federal Energy Star program, the owner or tenant is awarded a percentage discount on each month’s electric bill. [1] Contents 1 Utility Rate Discount Incentives 2 References Utility Rate Discount Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 14) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Cleco Power - Power Miser New Home Program (Louisiana) Utility Rate Discount Louisiana Residential Building Insulation Central Air conditioners Clothes Washers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Doors Duct/Air sealing Furnaces Heat pumps

26

Wholesale Power Rate Schedules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Rate Schedules » Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Services » Rate Schedules » Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke On-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Central System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Self-Schedulers System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: South Mississippi Electric Power Association

27

Wholesale Power Rate Schedules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Rate Schedules » Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Services » Rate Schedules » Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke On-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Central System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Self-Schedulers System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: South Mississippi Electric Power Association

28

Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BUILDING BUILDING ENERGY ASSET RATING WORKSHOP December 8-9, 2011 Washington, D.C. Nora Wang (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Will Gorrissen (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Molly McCabe (Hayden Tanner, LLC) Cody Taylor (Department of Energy) 1 I Asset Rating D.C. Workshop eere.energy.gov PRE-DECISIONAL Information included in this document is for discussion purposes and does not constitute the final program design. FOR INFORMATION ONLY 2 I Asset Rating D.C. Workshop eere.energy.gov Program Goals * Facilitate cost-effective investment in energy efficiency and reduce energy use in the commercial building sector * Establish a national standard for voluntary commercial building asset rating * Create a tool to help building owners identify and implement

29

Energy Consumption Tools Pack Leandro Fontoura Cupertino, Georges DaCosta,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compare power estimators in any environment Energy profiler (valgreen) 1 Software development 1 Cupertino Energy Consumption Library Data Acquisition Tool Data Monitoring Tool Energy Profiler 3 Conclusions load Workload classes differ depending on DC type App Monitor App Profiler Resource Manager Energy

Lefèvre, Laurent

30

Austin Energy's Residential Solar Rate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leslie Libby Leslie Libby Austin Energy Project Manager 2020 Utility Scale Solar Goal 175 MW 30 MW PPA at Webberville 2020 Distributed Solar Goal 25 MW Residential - 7.0 MW Commercial - 1.4 MW Municipal and Schools - 1.0 MW TOTAL - 9.4 MW $0 $2 $4 $6 $8 $10 $12 $14 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 Installed Cost ($/Watt-DC) Residential Commercial Municipal Residential Rebate $2.00/Watt Average Installed Cost $3.75/Watt - SEIA Q2 2012 Report - Austin had the lowest installed cost in the nation ($3.88/W-DC)

31

Rating the energy performance of buildings  

SciTech Connect

In order to succeed in developing a more sustainable society, buildings will need to be continuously improved. This paper discusses how to rate the energy performance of buildings. A brief review of recent approaches to energy rating is presented. It illustrates that there is no single correct or wrong concept, but one needs to be aware of the relative impact of the strategies. Different strategies of setting energy efficiency standards are discussed and the advantages of the minimum life cycle cost are shown. Indicators for building energy rating based on simulations, aggregated statistics and expert knowledge are discussed and illustrated in order to demonstrate strengths and weaknesses of each approach. In addition, the importance of considering the level of amenities offered is presented. Attributes of a rating procedure based on three elements, flexible enough for recognizing different strategies to achieve energy conservation, is proposed.

Olofsson, Thomas; Meier, Alan; Lamberts, Roberto

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Jammed Packings of Hard Particles Aleksandar Donev  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of disordered and ordered hard-sphere and hard-ellipsoid packings. In the first part of this dissertation-equilibrium) free energy of nearly jammed packings of hard particles is designed and implemented. In the second partJammed Packings of Hard Particles Aleksandar Donev A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty

Mohri, Mehryar

33

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Photovoltaic Energy Ratings Methods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaic Energy Ratings Methods Validation Photovoltaic Energy Ratings Methods Validation The Photovoltaic (PV) Engineering group at NREL validates energy ratings methods by standards committees to establish an energy rating methodology. We are evaluating techniques to account for the impact on PV performance from variations in the spectral distribution of solar radiation. Two types of methods were evaluated for correcting the short-circuit current of PV modules for variations in the solar spectrum under clear skies: (1) empirical relationships based on air mass, and (2) use of spectral irradiance models and PV module spectral response data. Methods of the first type were the Sandia National Laboratories absolute air-mass function, or f(AMa), and the CREST air-mass function, or f(AM). The second

34

Utility Rate Discount | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Discount Discount Jump to: navigation, search A few electric utilities offer rate discounts to encourage residential energy efficiency. For homes that meet certain energy efficiency criteria, such as those established by the federal Energy Star program, the owner or tenant is awarded a percentage discount on each month’s electric bill. [1] Utility Rate Discount Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 14) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Cleco Power - Power Miser New Home Program (Louisiana) Utility Rate Discount Louisiana Residential Building Insulation Central Air conditioners Clothes Washers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Doors Duct/Air sealing Furnaces Heat pumps Water Heaters Windows Yes Dominion North Carolina Power - Energy Saver Home Plus (North Carolina) Utility Rate Discount North Carolina Residential Water Heaters

35

Rating of Solar Energy Devices (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Public Utility Commission has regulatory authority over solar energy devices installed and used in the state of Texas. The Commission can choose to adopt standards pertaining to the rating of...

36

Austin Energy's Residential Solar Rate | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Austin Energy's Residential Solar Rate This presentation was given by Leslie Libby of Austin Energy at the February 19, 2013, CommRE webinar which focused on how municipal...

37

Water Rate Escalations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rate Escalations Rate Escalations Water Rate Escalations October 8, 2013 - 9:55am Addthis Federal agencies need accurate water cost escalation rates to perform life cycle cost analyses for water efficiency projects to meet Executive Order 13514 and Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 requirements. To estimate long-term escalation rates of potable water, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted an analysis. Using the trends from this study, Federal facility managers can select escalation rates from studied cities with similar circumstances to their facility locations such as U.S. region, water source, or drought tendencies. Also they can make more informed choices on possible water escalation rates that can be used in economic analysis of water efficiency projects.

38

Home Energy Ratings and Building Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of the Home Energy Rating System (HERS). A short summary of the origination and history of the HERS system will lead to a more detailed description of the inspection and testing protocol. The HERS rating provides an accepted method to determine home efficiency based on standards developed and overseen by the Residential Energy Services Network (RESNET), a not-for-profit corporation. The paper will discuss the effect of various building systems and effects of local climate as they affect the rating score of a proposed or completed structure. The rating is used to determine the most cost effective mechanical systems, building envelope design including window and door types, effect of various roofing materials and radiant barriers. The paper will conclude by comparing specifics of an actual report to the construction characteristics of a home as they relate to the HERS Rating and the result.

Gardner, J.C.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

PSNC Energy (Gas) - Green Building Rate Discount | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PSNC Energy (Gas) - Green Building Rate Discount PSNC Energy (Gas) - Green Building Rate Discount PSNC Energy (Gas) - Green Building Rate Discount < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Utility Rate Discount Rebate Amount $0.05 discount/therm Provider PSNC Energy This discounted rate is available to commercial customers whose building meets the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification or equivalent. To qualify, the customer must be on the Rate 125. Qualifying customers pay $.05 per therm

40

Temporal Variability of the Energy Balance of Thick Arctic Pack Ice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The temporal variability of the six terms of the energy balance equation for a slab of ice 3 m thick is calculated based on 45 yr of surface meteorological observations from the drifting ice stations of the former Soviet Union. The equation ...

R. W. Lindsay

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Rate-Making Policy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rate-Making Policy Rate-Making Policy Rate-Making Policy < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 2005 State Wisconsin Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Provider Public Service Commission of Wisconsin WI Act 7 states that, when proposing the purchase or construction of an electric generating facility, a utility may "apply to the [WI Public Service Commission] for an order specifying in advance the rate-making principles" that the Public Service Commission will use for "future rate-making proceedings." The Nuclear Energy Institute highlights that "There is no restriction on

42

Relevant energy ranges for astrophysical reaction rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effective energy windows (Gamow windows) of astrophysical reaction rates for (p,gamma), (p,n), (p,alpha), (alpha,gamma), (alpha,n), (alpha,p), (n,gamma), (n,p), and (n,alpha) on targets with 10<=Z<=83 from proton to neutron dripline are calculated using theoretical cross sections. It is shown that widely used approximation formulas for the relevant energy ranges are not valid for a large number of reactions relevant to hydrostatic and explosive nucleosynthesis. The influence of the energy dependence of the averaged widths on the location of the Gamow windows is discussed and the results are presented in tabular form.

Rauscher, Thomas [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstr. 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

Property:HeatRate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HeatRate HeatRate Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "HeatRate" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AES Mendota Biomass Facility + 17,873.6 + APS Biomass I Biomass Facility + 8,911 + Acme Landfill Biomass Facility + 12,916.67 + Adrian Energy Associates LLC Biomass Facility + 13,170.6 + Agrilectric Power Partners Ltd Biomass Facility + 17,327.1 + Al Turi Biomass Facility + 15,600.2 + Alabama Pine Pulp Biomass Facility + 15,826.23 + Albany Landfill Gas Utilization Project Biomass Facility + 11,913.9 + Altamont Gas Recovery Biomass Facility + 10,500 + American Canyon Power Plant Biomass Facility + 10,886.8 + American Ref-Fuel of Delaware Valley Biomass Facility + 18,674.9 +

44

Building Energy Transparency: A Framework for Implementing... Energy Rating  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transparency: A Framework for Implementing... Transparency: A Framework for Implementing... Energy Rating & Disclosure Policy Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

45

Energy Policy Act Transportation Rate Study: Interim Report on ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

ii Energy Information Administration/ Energy Policy Act Transportation Rate Study: Interim Report on Coal Transportation Contacts This report, Energy Policy Act ...

46

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/EnergyRateStructure/Tier5Rate | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rate" Rate" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 00c88d6d-e3b0-4128-ad3e-a93f686cf6e3 + 0.227 + 00c88d6d-e3b0-4128-ad3e-a93f686cf6e3 + 0.227 + 00c88d6d-e3b0-4128-ad3e-a93f686cf6e3 + 0.227 + 019be14c-4635-4529-af90-799cbf5d7865 + 0.0335 + 019be14c-4635-4529-af90-799cbf5d7865 + 0.0335 + 02b061e1-f065-421e-9ebc-76aef4734486 + 0.079 + 02b061e1-f065-421e-9ebc-76aef4734486 + 0.079 + 02fc76fd-35ff-44c3-bc85-1fb1918f125b + 0.0978 + 02fc76fd-35ff-44c3-bc85-1fb1918f125b + 0.0978 + 0402cc99-ab16-40cc-83e7-2c5910a825a1 + 0.061 + 0402cc99-ab16-40cc-83e7-2c5910a825a1 + 0.061 + 041466a9-81ca-4fce-90e3-e718159347a9 + 0.0587 +, 0.044 + 041466a9-81ca-4fce-90e3-e718159347a9 + 0.044 + 041466a9-81ca-4fce-90e3-e718159347a9 + 0.0587 + 047086c9-976d-4a05-90d5-b67afaf60851 + 0.0583 +

47

Liability aspects of home energy-rating systems  

SciTech Connect

Liability aspects of home energy rating systems are discussed. An introduction to the rating system concept, including types of rating systems, implementation efforts to date, and possible groups to conduct ratings, is also included. The home energy rating system concept involves the periodic rating of the energy efficiency of residential buildings. The rating can provide a relative indication of a home's energy efficiency and also a quantitative estimate of consumption, fuel cost, or both. Primary attention is given to liability issues associated with developing and performing ratings. Secondary attention is given to possible liability associated with misuse of a rating once it has been performed.

Hendrickson, P.L.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Energy Performance Ratings for Windows, Doors, and Skylights | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Performance Ratings for Windows, Doors, and Skylights Energy Performance Ratings for Windows, Doors, and Skylights Energy Performance Ratings for Windows, Doors, and Skylights June 18, 2012 - 9:35am Addthis Before you shop for energy-efficient windows, doors, and skylights, learn about energy performance ratings. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/JamesBrey. Before you shop for energy-efficient windows, doors, and skylights, learn about energy performance ratings. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/JamesBrey. What does this mean for me? Energy performance ratings make it easier for you to purchase the window most appropriate for your home's climate and orientation. Using energy performance ratings, you can fine-tune window placement in your home. You can use the energy performance ratings of windows, doors, and skylights

49

Energy Performance Ratings for Windows, Doors, and Skylights | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Performance Ratings for Windows, Doors, and Skylights Energy Performance Ratings for Windows, Doors, and Skylights Energy Performance Ratings for Windows, Doors, and Skylights June 18, 2012 - 9:35am Addthis Before you shop for energy-efficient windows, doors, and skylights, learn about energy performance ratings. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/JamesBrey. Before you shop for energy-efficient windows, doors, and skylights, learn about energy performance ratings. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/JamesBrey. What does this mean for me? Energy performance ratings make it easier for you to purchase the window most appropriate for your home's climate and orientation. Using energy performance ratings, you can fine-tune window placement in your home. You can use the energy performance ratings of windows, doors, and skylights

50

Rating the energy performance of buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Low Energy and Sustainable Buildings, 2004Journal of Low Energy and Sustainable Buildings, Vol. 3, (Journal of Low Energy and Sustainable Buildings, Vol. 2 pp.

Olofsson, Thomas; Meier, Alan; Lamberts, Roberto

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Empowering the Market: How Building Energy Performance Rating...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Empowering the Market: How Building Energy Performance Rating and Disclosure Policies Encourage U.S. Energy Efficiency Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio...

52

Rating the energy performance of buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Government of the United States of America (1992) Energy Policythe US Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT) (Government of the

Olofsson, Thomas; Meier, Alan; Lamberts, Roberto

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Rating the energy performance of buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and includes different energy audit results. In Montreal,from energy end use measurement, walk-through and audits in

Olofsson, Thomas; Meier, Alan; Lamberts, Roberto

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Definition: Thermal Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Thermal Rating The maximum amount of electrical current that a transmission line or electrical facility can conduct over a...

55

Form:Utility Rate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Form Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Form:Utility Rate Jump to: navigation, search Add or Update Utility Rate Information Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

56

Rating the energy performance of buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and present results, Energy and Buildings Vol. 33, pp. 229-for Existing Houses, Energy and Buildings, Vol. 29, pp. 107-Laboratory Building, Energy and Buildings, Vol. 34, pp. 203-

Olofsson, Thomas; Meier, Alan; Lamberts, Roberto

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: REM/Rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

REM/Rate REM/Rate REM/Rate logo. User-friendly, yet highly sophisticated, residential energy analysis, code compliance and rating software developed specifically for the needs of HERS providers. REM/Rate calculates heating, cooling, hot water, lighting, and appliance energy loads, consumption and costs for new and existing single and multi-family homes. Climate data is available for cities and towns throughout North America. A home energy rating is calculated based on the proposed DOE HERS guidelines (10 CFR 437) as modified by the RESNET/NASEO HERS Technical Committee. In addition to an energy rating, REM/Rate creates value added information including energy efficiency mortgage report, energy appraisal addendum, energy code compliance (MEC, IECC, and ASHRAE), improvement analysis (existing homes), design optimization (new homes),

58

Kold Pack: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5323)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Kold Pack, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

59

Rating the energy performance of buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy and Sustainable Buildings, 2004 Available at http://Energy and Sustainable Buildings, Vol. 3, (2004), Olofsson,for a commercial office building in Melbourne, Australia,

Olofsson, Thomas; Meier, Alan; Lamberts, Roberto

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Wholesale Power Rate Schedules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Schedules Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules October 1, 2011 CBR-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Big Rivers and Henderson, KY System: CU October 1, 2011 CSI-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Southern Illinois System: CU October 1, 2011 CK-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: KU Area System: CU October 1, 2011 CEK-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: East Kentucky System: CU October 1, 2011 CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: CP&L Area, Western Division System: CU September 20, 2011 JW-1-J Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Woodruff Preference Customer System: Jim Woodruff September 20, 2011 JW-2-F Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Florida Power Corporation System: Jim Woodruff November 17, 2010 AP-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American Electric Power

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Slimhole frac pack tools overcome erosion problems  

SciTech Connect

The application of frac pack technology for stimulation and sand control in the Gulf of Mexico`s unconsolidated formations has steadily increased during the past several years. In addition, re-entry drilling has been one of the fastest growing development techniques used by operators for optimizing reservoir productivity. As such, smaller casing sizes are becoming more common in oil and gas producing wells. Gravel pack tools were being used for frac packing in 7-in. casing sizes and larger, but no tools were available to frac pack in the smaller 5-in. and 5{1/2}-in. casing. The erosion problems operators were experiencing in 7-in. gravel pack tools heightened concerns about fracturing through 5-in. tools with even smaller flow areas. Flow cutting in the 7-in. tools was so severe that it caused fluid communication between the gravel pack ports and the return flow holes in the crossover tool. This allowed fluid and proppant to return to the annulus above the packer, which could cause possible early screen-out and sticking of the crossover tool. The flow cutting could also reduce the tool`s pressure and tensile ratings. Any one of these problems could jeopardize the success of the frac pack operation. Therefore, an erosion resistant crossover tool for slimhole casing was developed to address these problems and optimize frac pack success.

Stout, G. [BJ Services, Tomball, TX (United States). Research and Development Center; Matte, T. [BJ Services, Lafayette, LA (United States); Rogers, B. [Marathon Oil Co., Lafayette, LA (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/EnergyRateStructure/Period | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/EnergyRateStructure/Period Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. The allowed values for this property are: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/EnergyRateStructure/Period" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 000b6dfa-a541-428a-9029-423006e22a34 + 1 +, 2 + 000b6dfa-a541-428a-9029-423006e22a34 + 1 + 000b6dfa-a541-428a-9029-423006e22a34 + 2 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 1 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 1 + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 1 + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 1 + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 1 + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 1 +

63

Definition: Emergency Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Emergency Rating Emergency Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Emergency Rating The rating as defined by the equipment owner that specifies the level of electrical loading or output, usually expressed in megawatts (MW) or Mvar or other appropriate units, that a system, facility, or element can support, produce, or withstand for a finite period. The rating assumes acceptable loss of equipment life or other physical or safety limitations for the equipment involved.[1] Related Terms rating References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Emergency_Rating&oldid=480317" Categories:

64

Instrumented home energy rating and commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technology, utility regulation, and homeowner needs have become more complicated to address historic problems of excessive energy

Wray, Craig P.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Graphitic packing removal tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Graphitic packing removal tools are described for removal of the seal rings in one piece from valves and pumps. The packing removal tool has a cylindrical base ring the same size as the packing ring with a surface finish, perforations, knurling or threads for adhesion to the seal ring. Elongated leg shanks are mounted axially along the circumferential center. A slit or slits permit insertion around shafts. A removal tool follower stabilizes the upper portion of the legs to allow a spanner wrench to be used for insertion and removal.

Meyers, K.E.; Kolsun, G.J.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

66

Definition: Penetration Rate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Penetration Rate Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Penetration Rate The Rate of penetration, abbreviated as ROP as used in the drilling industry, is the speed at which a drill bit breaks the rock under it to deepen the borehole. It is normally measured in feet per minute or meters per hour, but sometimes it is expressed in minutes per foot.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The Rate of penetration, abbreviated as ROP as used in the drilling industry, is the speed at which a drill bit breaks the rock under it to deepen the borehole. Also known as penetration rate or drill rate. It is normally measured in feet per minute or meters per hour, but sometimes it is expressed in minutes per foot.

67

Definition: Dynamic Capability Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Capability Rating Capability Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Dynamic Capability Rating Dynamic capability rating can be achieved through real-time determination of an element's (e.g., line, transformer etc.) ability to carry load based on electrical and environmental conditions.[1] Related Terms rating References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Functions' An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Dynamic_Capability_Rating&oldid=506158" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

68

Definition: Facility Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

any equipment comprising the facility.1 Related Terms reactive power, equipment rating, power, smart grid References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl...

69

Definition: Equipment Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rating Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Equipment Rating The maximum and minimum voltage, current, frequency, real and reactive power flows on individual equipment under steady state, short-circuit and transient conditions, as permitted or assigned by the equipment owner.[1] Also Known As Standard current ratings Related Terms reactive power, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Equipment_Rating&oldid=502535" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

70

Rigidity of packings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Ludwig Danzer's Habilitatiionsschrift [L. Danzer, Endliche Punktmengen auf der 2-Sphare mit moglichst grossem minimalabstand, Habilitationsschrift, Gottingen, 1963] he initiated a study of the local nature of the packings from the point of view of ...

Robert Connelly

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Packing sets of patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Packing density is a permutation occurrence statistic which describes the maximal number of permutations of a given type that can occur in another permutation. In this article we focus on containment of sets of permutations. Although this question has ...

Alexander Burstein; Peter Hästö

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Rail Coal Transportation Rates - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... this $1 adder was determined based on research by the U.S. Department of Energy and was only incorporated into the GIS analysis below; ...

73

Definition: Rated power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Rated power Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Rated power The power output of a device under specific or nominal operating conditions[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In electrical and electronic engineering, the power rating of a device is a guideline set by the manufacturer as a maximum power to be used with that device. This limit is usually set somewhat lower than the level where the device will be damaged, to allow a margin of safety. In devices which primarily dissipate electric power or convert it into mechanical power, such as resistors, electric motors, and speakers, the power rating given is usually the maximum power that can be safely dissipated by the

74

ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to the PowerSouth Energy Cooperative. This rate schedule shall be applicable to power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters, and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under contract between the Cooperative and the Government. This rate schedule does not apply to energy from pumping operations at the Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects. Document Available for Download ALA-1-N Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule

75

Stress Effect on Charge and Discharge Rate and Energy Efficiency ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Stress Effect on Charge and Discharge Rate and Energy Efficiency of Li-alloy Electrodes. Author(s), Yifan Gao, Min Zhou. On-Site Speaker

76

Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

month. The Value of Solar rate is based upon several factors* including: loss savings, energy savings, generation capacity savings, fuel price hedge value, transmission and...

77

Empowering the Market: How Building Energy Performance Rating and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Empowering the Market: How Building Energy Performance Rating and Empowering the Market: How Building Energy Performance Rating and Disclosure Policies Encourage U.S. Energy Efficiency Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition

78

Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Tool User's Guide  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Tool is a web-based system that is designed to allow building owners, managers, and operators to more accurately assess the energy performance of their commercial buildings. This document provide a step-by-step instruction on how to use the tool.

Wang, Na; Makhmalbaf, Atefe; Matsumoto, Steven W.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Update to ENERGY STAR Ratings for Hotels, FAQs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Update to ENERGY STAR Ratings for Hotels Update to ENERGY STAR Ratings for Hotels May 2009 Frequently Asked Questions EPA's energy performance rating system evaluates actual, as-billed energy data to create a whole building indicator of energy performance and compare a building to its national peer group. EPA analyzes national survey data, develops regression models to predict energy use based on operation, and assigns a 1-to-100 rating to a building. Each point on the performance scale represents one percentile of buildings. A full overview of this process and specific details on the hotel model are available online. 1 A revised rating model for hotels was released into Portfolio Manager on February 23, 2009. How was the Hotel Model Updated? The new hotel model incorporates several updates to the original model, as described below. All of the changes have

80

CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: MEAM, MDEA, and SMEPA System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to the South Mississippi Electric Power Association, Municipal Energy Agency of Mississippi, and Mississippi Delta Energy Agency. This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and sold in wholesale quantities. Document Available for Download CM-1-H Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications CEK-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CSI-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: MEAM, MDEA, and SMEPA System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to the South Mississippi Electric Power Association, Municipal Energy Agency of Mississippi, and Mississippi Delta Energy Agency. This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and sold in wholesale quantities. Document Available for Download CM-1-H Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications CEK-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CSI-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule

82

Category:Utility Rates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Utility Rates Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Utility Rate Pages in category "Utility Rates" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 42,539 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 0 Data:0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 Data:000086db-7a5e-4356-9c57-c912f7d1622e Data:0003a8b3-04b9-4ecb-b06d-6022e7f0f009 Data:000470c7-df04-47aa-bdd2-d70f0a2c52b3 Data:000b6dfa-a541-428a-9029-423006e22a34 Data:000db36e-b548-43e7-a283-d37ecc77cef1 Data:000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 Data:00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f Data:001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d

83

Electric rate structures for thermal energy storage evaluation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Future electric rate structures are critical to thermal energy storage (TES) technologies that are specifically designed to take advantage of electric energy costs that vary depending on the magnitude, duration, and timing of power demand (e.g., cool storage). In fact, rate structure characteristics may affect the TES system design and operating approach as well as economic feasibility. The objective of this study, conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory for the US Department of Energy, was to define reference electric utility rate structures to be used in technical assessments of TES technologies. Electric rate structures were characterized for residential, commercial and industrial sectors. A range of conditions for several alternative rate structures was identified for each sector to capture the variability of likely conditions. Individual rate structure characteristics include demand charges and energy charges applicable during different months of the year, days of the week, and hours of the day. 7 refs., 21 tabs.

Brown, D R; Garrett, S M; Sedgewick, J M

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Rates for Alternate Energy Production Facilities (Iowa) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rates for Alternate Energy Production Facilities (Iowa) Rates for Alternate Energy Production Facilities (Iowa) Rates for Alternate Energy Production Facilities (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Provider Iowa Utilities Board The Utilities Board may require public utilities furnishing gas, electricity, communications, or water to public consumers, to own alternate energy production facilities, enter into long-term contracts to purchase power from such facilities, and/or provide supplemental or backup power to alternate energy production facilities. Uniform rates for these transactions will be set by the board. Some exemptions apply

85

Duke Energy (Electric)- Energy Star Homes Rate Discount Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Duke Energy encourages residential customers to buy energy-efficient homes through the utility's [http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=new_homes.hm_index Energy Star Homes Program], which awards a...

86

Analyzing utilization rates in data centers for optimizing energy management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we explore academic data center utilization rates from an energy management perspective with the broader goal of providing decision support for green computing. The utilization rate is defined as the overall extent to which data center ... Keywords: Utilization Rates,Cloud,Data Centers,Forecasting,Green IT

Michael Pawlish; Aparna S. Varde; Stefan A. Robila

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Replacement Energy System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, South Carolina, or North Carolina to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale energy purchased to meet contract minimum energy and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download Replacement-1 Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications Replacement-3 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule

88

Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 10/01/2012 State Texas Austin Energy, the municipal utility of Austin Texas, offers the Value of Solar rate for residential solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. The Value of Solar tariff, designed by Austin Energy and approved by Austin City Council in June 2012, will be available for all past, present and future residential solar customers beginning October 1, 2012. This tariff replaces net billing for residential solar PV systems no larger than 20 kilowatts (kW). Under this new tariff, residential customers will be credited monthly for their solar generation based on the Value of Solar energy generated from

89

Property:IndustrialAvgRate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IndustrialAvgRate IndustrialAvgRate Jump to: navigation, search Property Name IndustrialAvgRate Property Type Number Description Industrial Average Rate Subproperties This property has the following 279 subproperties: A AEP Generating Company AEP Texas Central Company AEP Texas North Company AES Eastern Energy LP APN Starfirst, L.P. Accent Energy Holdings, LLC Alabama Municipal Elec Authority Alaska Electric & Energy Coop Alaska Energy Authority Alaska Power and Telephone Co Allegheny Electric Coop Inc Alliant Energy Ameren Energy Marketing Ameren Illinois Company American Electric Power Co., Inc. American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc American Samoa Power Authority American Transmission Systems Inc Anoka Electric Coop Appalachian Power Co Aquila Inc Aquila Inc (Missouri) Arizona Electric Pwr Coop Inc

90

Property:CommercialAvgRate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CommercialAvgRate CommercialAvgRate Jump to: navigation, search Property Name CommercialAvgRate Property Type Number Description Commercial Average Rate Subproperties This property has the following 279 subproperties: A AEP Generating Company AEP Texas Central Company AEP Texas North Company AES Eastern Energy LP APN Starfirst, L.P. Accent Energy Holdings, LLC Alabama Municipal Elec Authority Alaska Electric & Energy Coop Alaska Energy Authority Alaska Power and Telephone Co Allegheny Electric Coop Inc Alliant Energy Ameren Energy Marketing Ameren Illinois Company American Electric Power Co., Inc. American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc American Samoa Power Authority American Transmission Systems Inc Anoka Electric Coop Appalachian Power Co Aquila Inc Aquila Inc (Missouri) Arizona Electric Pwr Coop Inc

91

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandRateStructure/Tier4Rate | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rate" Rate" Showing 13 pages using this property. 4 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 +, 6 +, 3 +, ... 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 6 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 3 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 7 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 8 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 6 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 6 + E E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 1 + E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 1 + E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 1 + Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandRateStructure/Tier4Rate&oldid=53975

92

Energy-loss rate of a fast particle in graphene  

SciTech Connect

The energy-loss rate of a fast particle in graphene is studied. The energy-loss rate always increases with increasing incident particle energy, which is quite unusual when compared to electron gas in normal metal. Graphene exhibits a ''discriminating'' behavior where there exists a low energy cut-off below which the scattering process is strictly forbidden, leading to lossless traverse of an external particle in graphene. This low energy cutoff is of the order of nearest neighbor hopping bandwidth. Our results suggest that backscattering is also absent in the external particle scattering of graphene.

Ang, Yee Sin; Zhang, C. [School of Engineering Physics, University of Wollongong, 2522 NSW (Australia); Kee, Chun Yun [Department of Mathematics, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 119260 (Singapore)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule October 1, 2011 - 3:22pm Addthis Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to the South Mississippi Electric Power Association, Municipal Energy Agency of Mississippi, and Mississippi Delta Energy Agency (hereinafter called the Customers). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and sold in wholesale quantities. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three phase

94

Replacement-2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Replacement-2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Replacement Energy System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in North Carolina and Virginia to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the customer from the John H. Kerr and Philpott Projects (or Kerr-Philpott System). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale of wholesale energy purchased to meet contract minimum energy and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download Replacement-2-A Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications Southeastern Power Administration 2010 Annual Report

95

Growth Rates of Global Energy Systems and Future Outlooks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The world is interconnected and powered by a number of global energy systems using fossil, nuclear, or renewable energy. This study reviews historical time series of energy production and growth for various energy sources. It compiles a theoretical and empirical foundation for understanding the behaviour underlying global energy systems' growth. The most extreme growth rates are found in fossil fuels. The presence of scaling behaviour, i.e. proportionality between growth rate and size, is established. The findings are used to investigate the consistency of several long-range scenarios expecting rapid growth for future energy systems. The validity of such projections is questioned, based on past experience. Finally, it is found that even if new energy systems undergo a rapid 'oil boom'-development-i.e. they mimic the most extreme historical events-their contribution to global energy supply by 2050 will be marginal.

Hoeoek, Mikael, E-mail: Mikael.Hook@fysast.uu.se [Uppsala University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Global Energy Systems (Sweden); Li, Junchen [China University of Petroleum-Beijing, School of Business Administration (China); Johansson, Kersti [Uppsala University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Global Energy Systems (Sweden); Snowden, Simon [University of Liverpool, Management School (United Kingdom)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

96

Progress Energy Carolinas- Rate Discount for Energy Star Homes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Progress Energy Carolinas (PEC) offers an incentive to residential customers for improving the energy efficiency of homes. To qualify, the home must meet the standards of the U.S. Environmental...

97

Progress Energy Carolinas- Rate Discount for Energy Star Homes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Progress Energy Carolinas (PEC) offers an incentive to residential customers for purchasing or building new energy efficient homes. To qualify the home must meet the standards of the US...

98

Optimization of time-based rates in forward energy markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a new two-step design approach of Time-Based Rate (TBR) programs for markets with a high penetration of variable energy sources such as wind power. First, an optimal market time horizon must be determined ...

Wang, J.

99

Energy Dissipation Rates of Turbulence in the Stable Free Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For stable stratification, it is pointed out that there exists a strong correlation between the intensity of atmospheric turbulence and the energy dissipation rate ?. It is given in terms of the variance of vertical velocity ?w2 and the Brunt-...

J. Weinstock

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Optimization of blended battery packs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis reviews the traditional battery pack design process for hybrid and electric vehicles, and presents a dynamic programming (DP) based algorithm that eases the process of cell selection and pack design, especially ...

Erb, Dylan C. (Dylan Charles)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Santee-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Santee-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Santee-Cooper System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter call the Customer) in South Carolina served through the transmission facilities of South Carolina Public Service Authority (hereinafter called the Authority). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule does not apply to energy from pumping operations at the Carters and Richard B.

102

Duke-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Duke-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke On-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in North Carolina and South Carolina to whom power may be transmitted and scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and Duke Energy Company (hereinafter called the Company) and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule does

103

MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: South Mississippi Electric Power Association System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to the South Mississippi Electric Power Association (hereinafter called the Customer) to whom power may be wheeled pursuant to contracts between the Government and PowerSouth Energy Cooperative (hereinafter called PowerSouth). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule does

104

Duke-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Duke-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Self-Schedulers System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in North Carolina and South Carolina served through the transmission facilities of Duke Energy Company (hereinafter called the Company) and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule does

105

CTVI-1-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CTVI-1-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CTVI-1-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CTVI-1-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Former customers of TVA System: Cumberland This rate schedule shall be available to customers (hereinafter called the Customer) who are or were formerly in the Tennessee Valley Authority (hereinafter called TVA) service area. This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy generated at the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Old Hickory, Cheatham, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and the Laurel Project sold under agreement between the Department of Energy and the Customer. Document Available for Download CTVI-1-A Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications

106

Packed Bed Combustion: An Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Packed Bed Combustion: An Overview William Hallett Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Université d'Ottawa - University of Ottawa #12;Packed Bed Combustion - University of Ottawa - CICS 2005 Introduction air fuel feedproducts xbed grate Packed Bed Combustion: fairly large particles of solid fuel on a grate, air supplied

Hallett, William L.H.

107

Farmers Electric Cooperative (Kalona) - Renewable Energy Purchase Rate |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Farmers Electric Cooperative (Kalona) - Renewable Energy Purchase Farmers Electric Cooperative (Kalona) - Renewable Energy Purchase Rate Farmers Electric Cooperative (Kalona) - Renewable Energy Purchase Rate < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate Payment limited to 25% of customers monthly kWh usage Program Info State Iowa Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount $0.20/kWh Provider Farmers Electric Cooperative Farmers Electric Cooperative offers a production incentive to members that install qualifying wind and solar electricity generating systems. Qualifying grid-tied solar and wind energy systems are eligible for a $0.20 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) production incentive for up to 10 years for energy production that offsets up to 25% of monthly energy usage.

108

Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Program -- Market Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under contract to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, HaydenTanner, LLC conducted an in-depth analysis of the potential market value of a commercial building energy asset rating program for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The market research objectives were to: (1) Evaluate market interest and need for a program and tool to offer asset rating and rapidly identify potential energy efficiency measures for the commercial building sector. (2) Identify key input variables and asset rating outputs that would facilitate increased investment in energy efficiency. (3) Assess best practices and lessons learned from existing national and international energy rating programs. (4) Identify core messaging to motivate owners, investors, financiers, and others in the real estate sector to adopt a voluntary asset rating program and, as a consequence, deploy high-performance strategies and technologies across new and existing buildings. (5) Identify leverage factors and incentives that facilitate increased investment in these buildings. To meet these objectives, work consisted of a review of the relevant literature, examination of existing and emergent asset and operational rating systems, interviews with industry stakeholders, and an evaluation of the value implication of an asset label on asset valuation. This report documents the analysis methodology and findings, conclusion, and recommendations. Its intent is to support and inform the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy on the market need and potential value impacts of an asset labeling and diagnostic tool to encourage high-performance new buildings and building efficiency retrofit projects.

McCabe, Molly J.; Wang, Na

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

109

Duke Energy (Electric)- Energy Star Homes Rate Discount Program (South Carolina)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Duke Energy encourages residential customers to buy energy-efficient homes through its [http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=new_homes.hm_index Energy Star Homes Program], which awards a rate...

110

CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carolina Power & Light Company, Western Division System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives served through the facilities of Carolina Power & Light Company, Western Division (hereinafter called the Customers). This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and sold in wholesale quantities. Document Available for Download CC-1-I Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule

111

CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carolina Power & Light Company, Western Division System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives served through the facilities of Carolina Power & Light Company, Western Division (hereinafter called the Customers). This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and sold in wholesale quantities. Document Available for Download CC-1-I Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule

112

Duke-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Duke-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in North Carolina and South Carolina to whom power may be scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and Duke Energy Company (hereinafter called the Company) and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer.

113

Duke-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Duke-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Central System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in North Carolina and South Carolina to whom power may be transmitted pursuant to contracts between the Government and Duke Energy Company (hereinafter called the Company) and the Customer. The Customer is responsible for providing a scheduling arrangement with the Government. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate

114

Superdense Crystal Packings of Ellipsoids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particle packing problems have fascinated people since the dawn of civilization, and continue to intrigue mathematicians and scientists. Resurgent interest has been spurred by the recent proof of Kepler's conjecture: the face-centered cubic lattice provides the densest packing of equal spheres with a packing fraction $\\phi\\approx0.7405$ \\cite{Kepler_Hales}. Here we report on the densest known packings of congruent ellipsoids. The family of new packings are crystal (periodic) arrangements of nearly spherically-shaped ellipsoids, and always surpass the densest lattice packing. A remarkable maximum density of $\\phi\\approx0.7707$ is achieved for both prolate and oblate ellipsoids with aspect ratios of $\\sqrt{3}$ and $1/\\sqrt{3}$, respectively, and each ellipsoid has 14 touching neighbors. Present results do not exclude the possibility that even denser crystal packings of ellipsoids could be found, and that a corresponding Kepler-like conjecture could be formulated for ellipsoids.

Aleksandar Donev; Frank H. Stillinger; P. M. Chaikin; Salvatore Torquato

2004-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

115

Neutrino energy loss rates and positron capture rates on $^{55}$Co for presupernova and supernova physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proton-neutron quasi-particle random phase approximation (pn-QRPA) theory has recently being used for calculation of stellar weak interaction rates of $fp$-shell nuclide with success. Neutrino losses from proto-neutron stars play a pivotal role to decide if these stars would be crushed into black holes or explode as supernovae. The product of abundance and positron capture rates on $^{55}$Co is substantial and as such can play a role in fine tuning of input parameters of simulation codes specially in the presupernova evolution. Recently we introduced our calculation of capture rates on $^{55}$Co, in a luxurious model space of $7 \\hbar \\omega$, employing the pn-QRPA theory with a separable interaction. Simulators, however, may require these rates on a fine scale. Here we present for the first time an expanded calculation of the neutrino energy loss rates and positron capture rates on $^{55}$Co on an extensive temperature-density scale. These type of scale is appropriate for interpolation purposes and of greater utility for simulation codes. The pn-QRPA calculated neutrino energy loss rates are enhanced roughly up to two orders of magnitude compared with the large-scale shell model calculations and favor a lower entropy for the core of massive stars.

Jameel-Un Nabi; Muhammad Sajjad

2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

116

Santee-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Santee-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter call the Customer) in South Carolina to whom power may be scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and South Carolina Public Service Authority (hereinafter called the Authority). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule does

117

Santee-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Santee-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Central, Bamberg, and Georgetown System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter call the Customer) in South Carolina to whom power may be wheeled and scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and South Carolina Public Service Authority (hereinafter called the Authority). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule does

118

VA-4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule VA-4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia and North Carolina served through the transmission facilities of Virginia Electric and Power Company (hereinafter called the Company) and PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the John H. Kerr and Philpott Projects (hereinafter called the Projects) and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download VA-4-B Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications

119

AP-4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule AP-4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American Electric Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia served through the facilities of American Electric Power Service Corporation (hereinafter called the Company) and PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the John H. Kerr and Philpott Projects (hereinafter called the Projects) and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download AP-4-B Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications

120

Santee-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Santee-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter call the Customer) in South Carolina to whom power may be wheeled pursuant to contracts between the Government and South Carolina Public Service Authority (hereinafter called the Authority). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule does

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates July 2, 2012 - 8:09pm Addthis Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. What are the key facts? Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. Distributing the electricity demand more evenly ensures that a steady and reliable stream of electricity is available for everyone. To help reduce their peak power demands and save money, many utilities are

122

Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates July 2, 2012 - 8:09pm Addthis Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. What are the key facts? Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. Distributing the electricity demand more evenly ensures that a steady and reliable stream of electricity is available for everyone. To help reduce their peak power demands and save money, many utilities are

123

The Gamma Ray Burst Rate at High Photon Energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some gamma-ray burst (GRB) spectra exhibit high energy tails with the highest photon energy detected at 18 GeV. The spectral slope of the high-energy tails is sufficiently flat in nu F_nu to consider the possibility of their detection at still higher energies. We calculate how many bursts can reasonably be expected above a given energy threshold for a cosmological distribution of bursts satisfying the observed apparent brightness distribution. The crucial point is that the gamma-ray absorption by pair production in the intergalactic diffuse radiation field eliminates bursts from beyond the gamma-ray horizon tau ~ 1, thus drastically reducing the number of bursts at high energies. Our results are consistent with the non-detection of bursts by current experiments in the 100 GeV to 100 TeV energy range. For the earth-bound detector array MILAGRO, we predict a maximal GRB rate of ~ 10 events per year. The Whipple Observatory can detect, under favorable conditions, ~1 event per year. The event rate for the HEGRA array is ~ 0.01 per year. Detection of significantly higher rates of bursts would severely challenge cosmological burst scenarios.

Karl Mannheim; Dieter Hartmann; Burkhardt Funk

1996-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

124

Energy Productivity Via Time-of-Day Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prompted by a combination of PURPA and a national concern about electricity price and supply, many utilities now have in place industrial time-of-day electric rates. When properly designed, these rates present an opportunity for energy-intensive industrial customers to lower their cost of power while at the same time improving the load characteristics of their utility supplier. This paper examines the present state of time-of-day rates and discusses steps that Air Products is taking to maximize their electric use productivity.

Michael, R. S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Energy ratings for metal oxide varistors under repetitively pulsed operation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Nonlinear resistors can be used to improve the energy transfer efficiency of inductive energy storage systems that use resistive transfer elements. Improved energy transfer efficiency can result in significant cost savings in some large systems if the cost of the nonlinear resistor is less than the cost of the energy storage and charging hardware that the resistor replaces. This report describes experimental tests that were done to determine appropriate energy ratings for ZnO Metal Oxide Varistors (MOVs) for pulsed conditions from 10 to 20 ms long. Tests were performed first on single MOV units which were forced to failure in a small number of shots. Then several sets of matched pairs were operated under identical conditions to investigate current sharing and the statistics of failure. Test results show that the standard rating method used by manufacturers relating peak current, pulse length, and expected lifetime are adequate, but somewhat conservative. The manufacturers' energy ratings project to a very economical nonlinear transfer resistor. 7 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Melton, J.G.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

AP-3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule AP-3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American Electric Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia to whom power may be scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government, American Electric Power Service Corporation (hereinafter called the Company), PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM), and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the John H. Kerr and Philpott Projects (hereinafter called the Projects) and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download

127

Pump-2 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 2 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Pump-2 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carters & Russell Pumping-Self Schedulers System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives who provide their own scheduling arrangement and elect to allow Southeastern to use a portion of their allocation for pumping (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, South Carolina, or North Carolina to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale energy generated from pumping operations at the Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and

128

SOCO-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SOCO-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: AMEA, Unaffil AL Munis and Coops, Hampton, East Miss., SMEPA off-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida to whom power may be transmitted and scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and Southern Company Services, Incorporated (hereinafter called the Company) and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F.

129

AP-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule AP-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American Electric Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia to whom power may be transmitted pursuant to contracts between the Government, American Electric Power Service Corporation (hereinafter called the Company), the Company's Transmission Operator, currently PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM), and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the John H. Kerr and Philpott Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download

130

SOCO-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SOCO-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Off-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida to whom power may be transmitted pursuant to contracts between the Government and Southern Company Services, Incorporated (hereinafter called the Company) and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate

131

SOCO-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SOCO-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: OPC System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida served through the transmission facilities of Southern Company Services, Inc. (hereinafter called the Company) or the Georgia Integrated Transmission System. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects (hereinafter referred to collectively as the Projects) and sold under appropriate contracts between

132

SOCO-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SOCO-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: MEAG, Dalton System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida to whom power may be scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and Southern Company Services, Incorporated (hereinafter called the Company) and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects (hereinafter referred to collectively as the Projects) and sold under appropriate contracts between

133

SOCO-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SOCO-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SOCO-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SOCO-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: AMEA, Unaffil AL Munis and Coops, Hampton, East Miss., SMEPA off-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida to whom power may be transmitted and scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and Southern Company Services, Incorporated (hereinafter called the Company) and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F.

134

AP-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule AP-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American Electric Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia to whom power may be transmitted and scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government, American Electric Power Service Corporation (hereinafter called the Company), the Company's Transmission Operator, currently PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM), and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the John H. Kerr and Philpott Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer.

135

VA-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule VA-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia and North Carolina to whom power may be transmitted pursuant to contracts between the Government, Virginia Electric and Power Company (hereinafter called the Company), the Company's Transmission Operator, currently PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM), and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the John H. Kerr and Philpott Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download

136

Photovoltaic module energy rating procedure. Final subcontract report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document describes testing and computation procedures used to generate a photovoltaic Module Energy Rating (MER). The MER consists of 10 estimates of the amount of energy a single module of a particular type (make and model) will produce in one day. Module energy values are calculated for each of five different sets of weather conditions (defined by location and date) and two load types. Because reproduction of these exact testing conditions in the field or laboratory is not feasible, limited testing and modeling procedures and assumptions are specified.

Whitaker, C.M.; Newmiller, J.D. [Endecon Engineering (United States)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

What to Pack for Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

De Weck, O.L. “What to Pack for Mars.” Spectrum, IEEE 46.6 (2009): 39. © 2009 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

De Weck, Olivier L.

138

Review of existing residential energy efficiency certification and rating programs  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared for the Office of Buildings and Community Systems, US Department of Energy (DOE). The principal objective of the report is to present information on existing Home Energy Rating Systems (HERS) and their features. Much of the information in this report updates a 1982 report (PNL-4359), also prepared by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for DOE. Secondary objectives of the report are to qualitatively examine the benefits and costs of HERS programs, review survey results on the attitudes of various user groups toward the programs, and discuss selected design and implementation issues.

Hendrickson, P.L.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Open-cycle absorption cooling using packed-bed absorbent reconcentration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The technical feasibility of a lithium chloride open-cycle absorption air conditioner using solar-heated air for reconcentration of the absorbent solution is examined. In contrast to a successfully operating Soviet design (in which absorbent reconcentration is accomplished by trickling the solution across a sloping black roof exposed to the sun), this study involves a packed-bed concentrator. Solar-heated air reconcentrates the solution by vaporizing water (the refrigerant) from the solution in the packed bed, enabling the system to be incorporated into a conventional solar air heating system and avoiding numerous problems associated with the roof concentrator. A thermodynamic analysis provides the criteria for the design of the packed bed. Heat and mass transfer processes occurring simultaneously in the bed are modeled using an iterative technique with the aid of a digital computer. The size of the packed-bed required to reconcentrate the absorbent solution at a rate corresponding to 10,550 W of cooling is determined, using flow rates, temperatures, and humidities typical of residential solar air-heating systems. Based on these results, the system air conditioning capability with solar energy input is predicted over the course of a clear summer day for Fort Collins, Colorado, and St. Louis, Missouri. Sufficient cooling capacity to meet a 10,550 W peak load using a 70 m/sup 2/ flatplate collector array is predicted by the model for both locations.

Leboeuf, C. M.; Loef, G. O.G.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Piedmont EMC - Rate Discount for Energy Star Homes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Piedmont EMC - Rate Discount for Energy Star Homes Piedmont EMC - Rate Discount for Energy Star Homes Piedmont EMC - Rate Discount for Energy Star Homes < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Utility Rate Discount Rebate Amount Monthly Energy Discount Provider Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation (PEMC) offers an incentive to its residential customers for residing in an energy efficient home. To qualify, the home must meet the standards of the US Environmental Protection Agency's Energy Star-labeled home program and be verified by a registered third party. Eligible houses will receive a discount on monthly electric

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Air Exchange Rates in New Energy-Efficient Manufactured Housing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the 1989-1990 heating season, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, for the Bonneville Power Administration, measured the ventilation characteristics of 139 newly constructed energy-efficient manufactured homes and a control sample of 35 newer manufactured homes. A standard door fan pressurization technique was used to estimate shell leakiness, and a passive perfluorocarbon tracer technique was used to estimate overall air exchange rates. A measurement of the designated whole-house exhaust system flow rate was taken as well as an occupant and structure survey. The energy-efficient manufactured homes have very low air exchange rates, significantly lower than either existing manufactured homes or site-built homes. The standard deviation of the effective leakage area for this sample of homes is small (25% to 30% of the mean), indicating that the leakiness of manufactured housing stock can be confidently characterized by the mean value. There is some indication of increased ventilation due to the energy-efficient whole-house ventilation specification, but not directly related to the operation of the wholehouse system. The mechanical systems as installed and operated do not provide the intended ventilation; consequently indoor air quality could possibly be adversely impacted and moisture/condensation in the living space is a potential problem.

Hadley, D. L.; Bailey, S. A.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Valve stem and packing assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A valve stem and packing assembly is provided in which a rotatable valve stem includes a first tractrix surface for sliding contact with a stem packing and also includes a second tractrix surface for sliding contact with a bonnet. Force is applied by means of a spring, gland flange, and gland on the stem packing so the stem packing seals to the valve stem and bonnet. This configuration serves to create and maintain a reliable seal between the stem packing and the valve stem. The bonnet includes a second complementary tractrix surface for contacting the second sliding tractrix surface, the combination serving as a journal bearing for the entire valve stem and packing assembly. The journal bearing so configured is known as a Schiele`s pivot. The Schiele`s pivot also serves to maintain proper alignment of the valve stem with respect to the bonnet. Vertical wear between the surfaces of the Schiele`s pivot is uniform at all points of contact between the second sliding tractrix surface and the second complementary tractrix surface of a bonnet. The valve stem is connected to a valve plug by means of a slip joint. The valve is opened and closed by rotating the valve stem. The slip joint compensates for wear on the Schiele`s pivot and on the valve plug. A ledge is provided on the valve bonnet for the retaining nut to bear against. The ledge prevents overtightening of the retaining nut and the resulting excessive friction between stem and stem packing.

Wordin, J.J.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

143

Co-combustion of textile residues with cardboard and waste wood in a packed bed  

SciTech Connect

The combustible fraction of the municipal waste is mostly bio-derived. Energy recovery of the wastes that cannot be economically recycled is a key part of sustainable energy policy and waste management. Textile residues have high energy content. When burned alone in a packed bed system, however, their combustion efficiency is low due to the irregular propagation of the ignition front and the low burning rates. In order to achieve more efficient combustion of textile residues, a series of co-combustion tests were carried out for various mixture compositions and air flow rates in a packed bed combustor. The combustion performance of these materials was evaluated by using quantitative measures such as ignition rate, burning rate and equivalence ratio. Co-combustion of textile residues with cardboard for a textile fraction of up to 30% achieved satisfactorily high burning rate and low unburned carbon content in the bottom ash. The mixture was more resistant to convective cooling by air, which significantly expanded the range of air flow rate for combustion at high burning rates. In co-combustion with a material that has a very low ignition front speed such as waste wood, the propagation of the ignition front was governed by textile residues. Therefore, the co-combustion of textile residues can be better performed with a material having similar ignition front speeds, in which the two materials simultaneously burn at the ignition front. (author)

Ryu, Changkook; Phan, Anh N; Sharifi, Vida N; Swithenbank, Jim [Sheffield University Waste Incineration Centre (SUWIC), Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

Assessment of the Energy Rating of Insulated Wall Assemblies - A Step Towards Building Energy Labeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considerable efforts are recently focusing on energy labeling of components and systems in buildings. In Canada, the energy rating of windows was established, which provides a protocol to rate different types of windows with respect to their energy performance. It takes into account the interaction between: solar heat gain, heat loss due to air leakage and due to the thermal properties of the entire window assembly. A major research project, jointly sponsored by NRC-IRC and the polyurethane spray foam industry, was established to assess the thermal and air leakage performance of insulated walls with the focus on developing an energy rating procedure for insulated wall assemblies. This paper is one in a series of publications to present partial results of this project. Experimental data and computer simulation comparison of a set of wall specimens are presented together with a summary of the proposed procedure for the determination of the energy rating of insulated walls (WER).

Elmahdy, H.; Maref, W.; Saber, H.; Swinton, M.; Glazer, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Test problems for quasi-satellite packing????  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Test problems for quasi-satellite packing: Cylinders packing with behavior constraints and all the optimal solutions known. Chao Che. School of Mechanical  ...

146

A generalized window energy rating system for typical office buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detailed computer simulation programs require lengthy inputs, and cannot directly provide an insight to relationship between the window energy performance and the key window design parameters. Hence, several window energy rating systems (WERS) for residential houses and small buildings have been developed in different countries. Many studies showed that utilization of daylight through elaborate design and operation of windows leads to significant energy savings in both cooling and lighting in office buildings. However, the current WERSs do not consider daylighting effect, while most of daylighting analyses do not take into account the influence of convective and infiltration heat gains. Therefore, a generalized WERS for typical office buildings has been presented, which takes all primary influence factors into account. The model includes embodied and operation energy uses and savings by a window to fully reflect interactions among the influence parameters. Reference locations selected for artificial lighting and glare control in the current common simulation practice may cause uncompromised conflicts, which could result in over- or under-estimated energy performance. Widely used computer programs, DOE2 and ADELINE, for hourly daylighting and cooling simulations have their own weaknesses, which may result in unrealistic or inaccurate results. An approach is also presented for taking the advantages of the both programs and avoiding their weaknesses. The model and approach have been applied to a typical office building of Hong Kong as an example to demonstrate how a WERS in a particular location can be established and how well the model can work. The energy effect of window properties, window-to-wall ratio (WWR), building orientation and lighting control strategies have been analyzed, and can be indicated by the localized WERS. An application example also demonstrates that the algebraic WERS derived from simulation results can be easily used for the optimal design of windows in buildings similar to the typical buildings. (author)

Tian, Cheng; Chen, Tingyao; Yang, Hongxing; Chung, Tse-ming [Research Center for Building Environmental Engineering, Department of Building Services Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong (China)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Pseudo 3-D simulator optimizes gravel-packed completions  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses a three-dimensional computer simulation which allows the consistent use of a gravel pack in oil and gas well completions. The primary thrust of the paper is dealing with horizontal oil and gas wells in unconsolidated reservoir rock. The model's objective is to provide an overall computer-aided design and evaluation tool for circulation and squeeze gravel packing. It is based on equations representing conservation of mass, momentum, and energy.

Ali, S.A.; Sanclemente, L.W. (Chevron USA Production Co., New Orleans, LA (United States)); Tupper, M.A. (Dowell, New Orleans, LA (United States))

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Dismantling (H)EV Battery Packs, an Integral Part of Umicore's ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

June 2012, a battery pack dismantling facility was opened in Maxton, NC based on ... Cost, Energy, Emissions, and Resource Assessment of the Production of ...

149

Valve stem and packing assembly  

SciTech Connect

A valve stem and packing assembly is provided in which a rotatable valve stem includes a first tractrix surface for sliding contact with a stem packing and also includes a second tractrix surface for sliding contact with a bonnet. Force is applied by means of a spring, gland flange, and gland on the stem packing so the stem packing seals to the valve stem and bonnet. This configuration serves to create and maintain a reliable seal between the stem packing and the valve stem. The bonnet includes a second complementary tractrix surface for contacting the second sliding tractrix surface, the combination serving as a journal bearing for the entire valve stem and packing assembly. The journal bearing so configured is known as a Schiele's pivot. The Schiele's pivot also serves to maintain proper alignment of the valve stem with respect to the bonnet. Vertical wear between the surfaces of the Schiele's pivot is uniform at all points of contact between the second sliding tractrix surface and the second complementary tractrix surface of a bonnet. The valve stem is connected to a valve plug by means of a slip joint. The valve is opened and closed by rotating the valve stem. The slip joint compensates for wear on the Schiele's pivot and on the valve plug. A ledge is provided on the valve bonnet for the retaining nut to bear against. The ledge prevents overtightening of the retaining nut and the resulting excessive friction between stem and stem packing.

Wordin, John J. (Bingham County, ID)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Valve stem and packing assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A valve stem and packing assembly is provided in which a rotatable valve stem includes a first tractrix surface for sliding contact with a stem packing and also includes a second tractrix surface for sliding contact with a bonnet. Force is applied by means of a spring, gland flange, and gland on the stem packing so the stem packing seals to the valve stem and bonnet. This configuration serves to create and maintain a reliable seal between the stem packing and the valve stem. The bonnet includes a second complementary tractrix surface for contacting the second sliding tractrix surface, the combination serving as a journal bearing for the entire valve stem and packing assembly. The journal bearing so configured is known as a Schiele's pivot. The Schiele's pivot also serves to maintain proper alignment of the valve stem with respect to the bonnet. Vertical wear between the surfaces of the Schiele's pivot is uniform at all points of contact between the second sliding tractrix surface and the second complementary tractrix surface of a bonnet. The valve stem is connected to a valve plug by means of a slip joint. The valve is opened and closed by rotating the valve stem. The slip joint compensates for wear on the Schiele's pivot and on the valve plug. A ledge is provided on the valve bonnet for the retaining nut to bear against. The ledge prevents over tightening of the retaining nut and the resulting excessive friction between stem and stem packing. 2 figures.

Wordin, J.J.

1991-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

151

Valve stem and packing assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A valve stem and packing assembly is provided in which a rotatable valve stem includes a first tractrix surface for sliding contact with a stem packing and also includes a second tractrix surface for sliding contact with a bonnet. Force is applied by means of a spring, gland flange, and gland on the stem packing so the stem packing seals to the valve stem and bonnet. This configuration serves to create and maintain a reliable seal between the stem packing and the valve stem. The bonnet includes a second complementary tractrix surface for contacting the second sliding tractrix surface, the combination serving as a journal bearing for the entire valve stem and packing assembly. The journal bearing so configured is known as a Schiele's pivot. The Schiele's pivot also serves to maintain proper alignment of the valve stem with respect to the bonnet. Vertical wear between the surfaces of the Schiele's pivot is uniform at all points of contact between the second sliding tractrix surface and the second complementary tractrix surface of a bonnet. The valve stem is connected to a valve plug by means of a slip joint. The valve is opened and closed by rotating the valve stem. The slip joint compensates for wear on the Schiele's pivot and on the valve plug. A ledge is provided on the valve bonnet for the retaining nut to bear against. The ledge prevents overtightening of the retaining nut and the resulting excessive friction between stem and stem packing.

Wordin, J.J.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Direct contact condensation of immiscible fluids in packed beds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An experimental study of a film type direct contact heat exchanger using immiscible fluids is made. Laboratory experiments were conducted on a R-113-water system using both 2.5 cm Berl saddles and 3.2 cm spheres as packing, in a 14.6 cm diameter column. The configuration was counter flow, with the vapor phase entering at the base of the column, and condensing on the laminar water film that coated the packing surface. Packing height, water temperature and both water and vapor flow rates were varied in obtaining heat transfer data. These and other packed bed heat transfer data published in the literature were reduced and correlated to yield a relationship between the Stanton number and the important vessel operating parameters.

Thomas, K.D.; Jacobs, H.R.; Boehm, R.F.

1978-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marketing > RATES Marketing > RATES RATES Current Rates Past Rates 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Rates Schedules Power CV-F13 CPP-2 Transmissions CV-T3 CV-NWT5 PACI-T3 COTP-T3 CV-TPT7 CV-UUP1 Ancillary CV-RFS4 CV-SPR4 CV-SUR4 CV-EID4 CV-GID1 Future and Other Rates SNR Variable Resource Scheduling Charge FY12-FY16 (October 1, 2012) SNR Rates Process Calendar (PDF - 171K) Procedures Informal Process Transmission Action Items List (PDF - 144K) Power Action Item List updated on 4-27-10 (PDF - 155K) Power Action Item List (Quick links to relevant documents) Formal Process Rates Brochure (01/11/2011) (PDF - 900K) Appendix A - Federal Register Notice (01/03/2011) (PDF - 8000K) Appendix B - Central Valley Project Power Repayment Study (PDF - 22,322K) Appendix C - Development of the CVP Cost of Service Study (PDF - 2038K)

154

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planning & Projects Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates You are here: SN Home page > Power Marketing > RATES Rates and Repayment Services Rates Current Rates Power Revenue Requirement Worksheet (FY 2014) (Oct 2013 - Sep 2014) (PDF - 30K) PRR Notification Letter (Sep 27, 2013) (PDF - 959K) FY 2012 FP% True-Up Calculations(PDF - 387K) Variable Resource Scheduling Charge FY12-FY16 (October 1, 2012) PRR Forecast FY14-FY17 (May 23, 2013) (PDF - 100K) Forecasted Transmission Rates (May 2013) (PDF - 164K) Past Rates 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 Historical CVP Transmission Rates (April 2013) (PDF - 287K) Rate Schedules Power - CV-F13 - CPP-2 Transmission - CV-T3 - CV-NWT5 - PACI-T3 - COTP-T3 - CV-TPT7 - CV-UUP1 Ancillary - CV-RFS4 - CV-SPR4 - CV-SUR4 - CV-EID4 - CV-GID1 Federal Register Notices - CVP, COTP and PACI

155

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RATES RATES Rates Document Library SNR Rates Process Calendar (PDF - 171K) Procedures Informal Process Transmission Action Items List (PDF - 144K) Power Action Item List updated on 4-27-10 (PDF - 155K) Power Action Item List (Quick links to relevant documents) Formal Process Rates Brochure (01/11/2011) (PDF - 900K) Appendix A - Federal Register Notice (01/03/2011) (PDF - 8000K) Appendix B - Central Valley Project Power Repayment Study (PDF - 22,322K) Appendix C - Development of the CVP Cost of Service Study (PDF - 2038K) Appendix D - Western Transmission System Facilities Map (PDF - 274K) Appendix E - Estimated FY12 FP and BR Customer (PDF - 1144K) Appendix F - Forecasted Replacements and Additions FY11 - FY16 (PDF - 491K) Appendix G - Definitions (PDF - 1758K) Appendix H - Acronyms (PDF - 720K)

156

Pilot States Program report: Home energy ratings systems and energy-efficient mortgages  

SciTech Connect

This report covers the accomplishments of the home energy ratings systems/energy-efficient mortgages (HERS/EEMs) pilot states from 1993 through 1998, including such indicators as funding, ratings and EEMs achieved, active raters, and training and marketing activities. A brief description of each HERS program's evolution is included, as well as their directors' views of the programs' future prospects. Finally, an analysis is provided of successful HERS program characteristics and factors that appear to contribute to HERS program success.

Farhar, B.

2000-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

157

Widget:UtilityRateEntryHelperVideo | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search This widget displays the utility rate database form helper video. For example: Widget:UtilityRateEntryHelperVideo Retrieved from "http:...

158

Rail Coal Transportation Rates - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

In this latest release of Coal Transportation Rates to the Electric ... This report covers railroad transportation rates from 2001-2010 and barge and truck ...

159

Widget:UtilityRateNamingHelper | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Widget Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Widget:UtilityRateNamingHelper Jump to: navigation, search This widget displays the utility rate database form. For example:...

160

Widget:UtilityRateEntryHelper | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Widget Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Widget:UtilityRateEntryHelper Jump to: navigation, search This widget displays the utility rate database form. For example:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Packed fluidized bed blanket for fusion reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A packed fluidized bed blanket for a fusion reactor providing for efficient radiation absorption for energy recovery, efficient neutron absorption for nuclear transformations, ease of blanket removal, processing and replacement, and on-line fueling/refueling. The blanket of the reactor contains a bed of stationary particles during reactor operation, cooled by a radial flow of coolant. During fueling/refueling, an axial flow is introduced into the bed in stages at various axial locations to fluidize the bed. When desired, the fluidization flow can be used to remove particles from the blanket.

Chi, John W. H. (Mt. Lebanon, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Definition: Dynamic Capability Rating System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Capability Rating System Capability Rating System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Dynamic Capability Rating System Dynamic capability rating adjusts the thermal rating of power equipment based on factors such as air temperature, wind speed, and solar radiation to reflect actual operating conditions. These systems are primarily used on high capacity or critical power system elements such as transmission lines and large power transformers.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, Dynamic capability rating, thermal rating, power, solar radiation, rating, transmission line, transformer References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/dynamic_capability_rating_system [[Category LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. : Smart Grid Definitions|Template:BASEPAGENAME]]

163

Widget:UtilityRateFinder | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

file include script. Usage Widget:UtilityRateFinder

Browse rates by utility

164

Radiation dose-rate meter using an energy-sensitive counter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radiation dose-rate meter is provided which uses an energy-sensitive detector and combines charge quantization and pulse-rate measurement to monitor radiation dose rates. The charge from each detected photon is quantized by level-sensitive comparators so that the resulting total output pulse rate is proportional to the dose-rate. 3 figs.

Kopp, M.K.

1986-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

165

Radiation dose-rate meter using an energy-sensitive counter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radiation dose-rate meter is provided which uses an energy-sensitive detector and combines charge quantization and pulse-rate measurement to monitor radiation dose rates. The charge from each detected photon is quantized by level-sensitive comparators so that the resulting total output pulse rate is proportional to the dose-rate.

Kopp, Manfred K. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Gravel packing method and apparatus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is described of gravel packing a well formation intersected by a well bore, the method comprising: forming a gel for transporting solids; mixing the solids with the gel; pumping the gel and solids mixed through a tool string disposed in the well bore to a subterranean position above the formation; pumping a breaker fluid to the subterranean position through an annulus breaker between the tool string and the wall of the well bore; introducing the breaker fluid into the tool string at the subterranean position and mixing the breaker fluid with the gel and solids whereby the gel is broken into a low viscosity fluid; and transporting the resultant low viscosity fluid and solids mixed to the formation for packing.

Bolin, M.L.

1987-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

167

Pack Cementation Aluminizing of Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Partial list of commercial applications of pack cementation aluminizing...Carbon and stainless steels Steam power and cogeneration Waterwall tubes 2 % Cr-1% Mo steel Fluidized bed combustor tubes 2 % Cr-1% Mo steel Waste heat boiler tubes Carbon steel Economizer and air preheater tubes 2 % Cr-1% Mo steel Superheater tubes 2 % Cr-1% Mo steel Aerospace (a) Turbine blades...

168

Purifying Decane A. Prepare Packing Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to prevent escape of packing material. 4. Seal bottom of column and fill column with packing material to the remaining space at the top of the column. 2. Seal top of column and connect to nitrogen tank. Set with decane. Note: Never allow top of packing material to contact the air after it has been wetted by decane 4

Buckley, Jill S.

169

Definition: Time-Based Rate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Based Rate Program Based Rate Program Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Time-Based Rate Program Electricity rates paid by customers in which rates vary for different days, times of the day, or events (such as days with extremely high loads). Various types of customer systems facilitate implementation of these time-variant pricing programs. These systems include smart meters, controls, and communications systems and software that provide two-way information between utilities and customers. Such systems may control customer load, based on the time-variant pricing program, or provide information for customers to alter their electricity consumption pattern in response to different rates during any given hour of the day. There are different pricing programs such as: Time Of Use (TOU) where the day is

170

Help:Utility Rate Data Entry | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Entry Jump to: navigation, search This blog is intended to help the National Utility Rate Database Team accomplish their job in populating and updating the OPENEI Database. The...

171

VA-3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Company (hereinafter called the Company), the Company's Transmission Operator, currently PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM), and the Customer. This rate schedule...

172

VA-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Company (hereinafter called the Company), the Company's Transmission Operator, currently PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM), and the Customer. This rate schedule...

173

Packing microstructure and local density variations of experimental and computational pebble beds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In pebble bed type nuclear reactors the fuel is contained in graphite pebbles, which form a randomly stacked bed with a non-uniform packing density. These variations can influence local coolant flow and power density and are a possible cause of hotspots. To analyse local density variations computational methods are needed that can generate randomly stacked pebble beds with a realistic packing structure on a pebble-to-pebble level. We first compare various properties of the local packing structure of a computed bed with those of an image made using computer aided X-ray tomography, looking at properties in the bulk of the bed and near the wall separately. Especially for the bulk of the bed, properties of the computed bed show good comparison with the scanned bed and with literature, giving confidence our method generates beds with realistic packing microstructure. Results also show the packing structure is different near the wall than in the bulk of the bed, with pebbles near the wall forming ordered layers similar to hexagonal close packing. Next, variations in the local packing density are investigated by comparing probability density functions of the packing fraction of small clusters of pebbles throughout the bed. Especially near the wall large variations in local packing fractions exists, with a higher probability for both clusters of pebbles with low (0.65) packing fraction, which could significantly affect flow rates and, together with higher power densities, could result in hotspots. (authors)

Auwerda, G. J.; Kloosterman, J. L.; Lathouwers, D.; Van Der Hagen, T. H. J. J. [Delft Univ. of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB, Delft (Netherlands)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Thermal vacancies in close-packing solids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on Stillinger's version of cell cluster theory, we derive an expression for the equilibrium concentration of thermal monovacancies in solids which allows for a transparent interpretation of the vacancy volume and the energetic/entropic part in the corresponding Gibbs energy of vacancy formation $\\Delta G_{\\rm v}$. For the close--packing crystals of the hard sphere and Lennard--Jones model systems very good agreement with simulation data is found. Application to metals through the embedded--atom method (EAM) reveals a strong sensitivity of the variation of $\\Delta G_{\\rm v}$ with temperature to details of the EAM potential. Our truncation of the cell cluster series allows for an approximate, but direct measurement of crystal free energies and vacancy concentration in colloidal model systems using laser tweezers.

Mostafa Mortazavifar; Martin Oettel

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

175

Reducing Network Energy Consumption via Sleeping and Rate-Adaptation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to save power when routers are idle. The performance states we assume dynamically change the rate of links where ps states reduce power consumption by lowering the rate at which work consumption. We also assume a penalty for transitioning between power states. For simplicity, we measure

Ratnasamy, Sylvia

176

NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia Power/CP&L System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia and North Carolina to whom power may be transmitted pursuant to a contract between the Government and Virginia Electric and Power Company (hereinafter called the Virginia Power) and PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM), scheduled pursuant to a contract between the Government and Carolina Power & Light Company (hereinafter called CP&L), and billed pursuant to contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power

177

The Social Rate of Return to R&D in Energy* David Corderi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the manufacturing of energy related products and in the electricity, gas and water supply industries for a number This paper estimates the social rate of return to research and development in the energy industry. Our model1 The Social Rate of Return to R&D in Energy* David Corderi , C.-Y. Cynthia Lin Abstract

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

178

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: REM/Rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

utility DSM compliance analysis, and U.S. EPA Energy Star Home analysis. REMRate operates in Windows and has many unique features, including a simplified input...

179

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) The Office of Environmental Management (EM) Project Definition Rating Index (EM-PDRI) is a modification of a commercially developed planning tool that has been tested by an EM team specifically for EM's projects. EM-PDRI Team members represent a number of EM sites, and have already used this project planning tool successfully. The EM-PDRI examines a wide range of project factors related to cost, scope, and schedule, and develops a numerical score as a measure of how well these factors are defined. It applies to all of EM's projects including Traditional/Construction; Environmental Remediation; and Facility Disposition (including Transition, Deactivation, and Decommissioning). If you have questions about the EM-PDRI, please

180

OpenEI/PageKeyword Electricity Rates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Special page Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon OpenEIPageKeyword Electricity Rates Jump to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEI...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Ethanol Excise Tax Rates (South Dakota) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Ethanol Excise Tax Rates (South Dakota) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most...

182

Energy-efficient mortgages and home energy rating systems: A report on the nation`s progress  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes progress throughout the nation in establishing voluntary programs linking home energy rating systems (HERS) and energy-efficient mortgages (EEMs). These programs use methods for rating the energy efficiency of new and existing homes and predicting energy cost savings so lenders can factor in energy cost savings when underwriting mortgages. The programs also encourage lenders to finance cost-effective energy-efficiency improvements to existing homes with low-interest mortgages or other instruments. The money saved on utility bills over the long term can more than offset the cost of such energy-efficiency improvements. The National Collaborative on HERS and EEMs recommended that this report be prepared.

Farhar, B.C.; Eckert, J.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Models for Metal Hydride Particle Shape, Packing, and Heat Transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A multiphysics modeling approach for heat conduction in metal hydride powders is presented, including particle shape distribution, size distribution, granular packing structure, and effective thermal conductivity. A statistical geometric model is presented that replicates features of particle size and shape distributions observed experimentally that result from cyclic hydride decreptitation. The quasi-static dense packing of a sample set of these particles is simulated via energy-based structural optimization methods. These particles jam (i.e., solidify) at a density (solid volume fraction) of 0.665+/-0.015 - higher than prior experimental estimates. Effective thermal conductivity of the jammed system is simulated and found to follow the behavior predicted by granular effective medium theory. Finally, a theory is presented that links the properties of bi-porous cohesive powders to the present systems based on recent experimental observations of jammed packings of fine powder. This theory produces quantitative experimental agreement with metal hydride powders of various compositions.

Kyle C. Smith; Timothy S. Fisher

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

184

New Rate Schedule CV-GID1 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GID1 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL VALLEY PROJECT SCHEDULE OF RATE FOR GENERATOR IMBALANCE SERVICE Effective: October 1, 2011,...

185

New Rate Schedule CV-UUP1 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UUP1 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL VALLEY PROJECT SCHEDULE OF RATE FOR UNRESERVED USE PENALTIES Effective: October 1, 2011, through...

186

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Western Area Power Administration Provo River Project Rate Order No. WAPA-149  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Western Area Power Administration Provo River Project Rate Order No. WAPA-149 AGENCY: Western Area Power Administration, DOE. ACTION: Notice of Rate Order Concerning a Power Rate Formula. SUMMARY: The Deputy Secretary of Energy confinned and approved Rate Order No. W AP A-149, placing a power rate fOlIDula for the Provo River Project (PRP) of Western Area Power Administration (Western) into effect on an interim basis. The provisional power rate formula will remain in effect on an interim basis until the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) COnfilIDs, approves, and places it into effect on a final basis, or until the power rate formula is replaced by another power rate fOlIDula. DATES: The provisional power rate fonnula will be placed into effect on an interim basis on

187

Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July 2, 2012 - 8:09pm Addthis Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times....

188

Evaluation of the Turbulent Kinetic Energy Dissipation Rate Inside ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Inferring the vertical variation of the mean turbulent kinetic energy ..... the times at which a threshold-crossings occurs are defined by the indicator function .... of noise infection and noise intensity, introducing a threshold Tc significantly ...

189

Energy Analysis Department Supporting Photovoltaics in Market-Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inspector, Atlanta Gas-Light Company, Atlanta, GA 4.0 HONORS AND AWARDS 2008 Harpole Professor of Electrical under High Penetration of Variable Generation," US Department of Energy office of Electricity Delivery

190

Property:FirstWellFlowRate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:FirstWellFlowRate Jump to: navigation, search Property Name FirstWellFlowRate Property Type Quantity Use this type to express a quantity of flow rate by mass. The default unit is kilogram per second (kg/s). Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: Kilogram per second - 1 kg/s,kilogram per second Kilogram per minute - 60 kg/min,kilogram per minute Kilogram per hour - 3600 kg/hour,kilogram per hour,kg/h Kilogram per day - 86400 kg/day,kilogram per day Liter per second - 1.0000000001 L/s,l/s,liters per second,l/sec,L/sec,liters/sec,Liters/sec Gallon per minute - 15.85032 gal/min,gallons per minute,gpm,gallons/min,Gallons/min Barrel per minute - 0.00839 bar/min,barrels per minute,barrel/min,barrels/min,Barrels/min

191

Property:Heat Recovery Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rating Rating Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "Heat Recovery Rating" Showing 22 pages using this property. D Distributed Generation Study/10 West 66th Street Corp + 300,000 + Distributed Generation Study/615 kW Waukesha Packaged System + 2,500,000 + Distributed Generation Study/Aisin Seiki G60 at Hooligans Bar and Grille + 46,105 + Distributed Generation Study/Arrow Linen + 3,000,000 + Distributed Generation Study/Dakota Station (Minnegasco) + 290,000 + Distributed Generation Study/Elgin Community College + 11,200,000 + Distributed Generation Study/Emerling Farm + 2,000,000 + Distributed Generation Study/Floyd Bennett + 230,000 + Distributed Generation Study/Harbec Plastics + 3,750,000 + Distributed Generation Study/Hudson Valley Community College + 32,500,000 +

192

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandRateStructure/Tier3Max | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Max" Max" Showing 13 pages using this property. 4 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 6 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 7 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 3 +, 4 +, 5 +, ... 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 9 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 3 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 30 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 4 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 36 + E E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 200 + E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 200 + E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 200 + Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandRateStructure/Tier3Max&oldid=539747

193

Energy Analysis Department Electricity Markets and Policy Group The Impact of Rate Design and Net  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Analysis Department Electricity Markets and Policy Group The Impact of Rate Design and Net of Energy #12;Energy Analysis Department Electricity Markets and Policy Group 2 Project Overview Context alternative compensation mechanisms #12;Energy Analysis Department Electricity Markets and Policy Group 3

194

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/Source | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Source Source Property Type Text Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/Source" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + http://www.prairielandelectric.com/Rates_PDF/MKEC%20Rates.pdf 000086db-7a5e-4356-9c57-c912f7d1622e + http://www.talquinelectric.com/rates_elec.aspx 0003a8b3-04b9-4ecb-b06d-6022e7f0f009 + http://www.centralelectriconline.com/page.php?p=7&s=80 000470c7-df04-47aa-bdd2-d70f0a2c52b3 + http://psc.wi.gov/apps40/tariffs/viewfile.aspx?type=electric&id=4130 000b6dfa-a541-428a-9029-423006e22a34 + http://psc.wi.gov/apps40/tariffs/viewfile.aspx?type=electric&id=4740 000db36e-b548-43e7-a283-d37ecc77cef1 + http://www.surprisevalleyelectric.org/_uploads/SVECratecar122011.pdf

195

Evaluation of the home-energy-rating concept and the Massachusetts Pilot Project  

SciTech Connect

This is a report on the results of an evaluation of a home-energy-rating concept based on a Massachusetts pilot project. The focus of the evaluation was on: (1) the compatibility of the Massachusetts rating with the RCS program, (2) who would use the rating and how, (3) qualitative estimates of benefits and costs, and (4) recommendations for further use and testing of the rating. In addition the evaluation of the rating concept also attempted to determine what if any effect the home energy rating has on the demand for energy audits, on the propensity of customers who received ratings to undertake recommended energy-efficiency home improvements, and on changes in mortgage-lending procedures for energy-efficient homes. The evaluation consisted of telephone and in-person discussions with the project developers, the various professional user groups, the recipients of the energy ratings, and control groups of audit customers that did not receive the energy rating. The evaluation was designed to determine the results of the pilot project, assess the project's effectiveness, and analyze the potential for transferring the rating procedure to other geographic locations.

Frankel, M.L.; Duberg, J.A.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Evaluation of the home-energy-rating concept and the Massachusetts Pilot Project  

SciTech Connect

This is a report on the results of an evaluation of a home-energy-rating concept based on a Massachusetts pilot project. The focus of the evaluation was on: (1) the compatibility of the Massachusetts rating with the RCS program, (2) who would use the rating and how, (3) qualitative estimates of benefits and costs, and (4) recommendations for further use and testing of the rating. In addition the evaluation of the rating concept also attempted to determine what if any effect the home energy rating has on the demand for energy audits, on the propensity of customers who received ratings to undertake recommended energy-efficiency home improvements, and on changes in mortgage-lending procedures for energy-efficient homes. The evaluation consisted of telephone and in-person discussions with the project developers, the various professional user groups, the recipients of the energy ratings, and control groups of audit customers that did not receive the energy rating. The evaluation was designed to determine the results of the pilot project, assess the project's effectiveness, and analyze the potential for transferring the rating procedure to other geographic locations.

Frankel, M.L.; Duberg, J.A.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandRateStructure/Period | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Period Period Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. The allowed values for this property are: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandRateStructure/Period" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 1 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 1 + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 1 + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 1 + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 1 + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 1 + 00178d3d-17cb-46ed-8a58-24c816ddce96 + 1 + 00178d3d-17cb-46ed-8a58-24c816ddce96 + 1 + 001d1952-955c-411b-8ce4-3d146852a75e + 1 + 001d1952-955c-411b-8ce4-3d146852a75e + 1 + 0022e9a5-942c-4e97-94d7-600f5d315ce8 + 1 + 0022e9a5-942c-4e97-94d7-600f5d315ce8 + 1 +

198

The Packing of Granular Polymer Chains  

SciTech Connect

Rigid particles pack into structures, such as sand dunes on the beach, whose overall stability is determined by the average number of contacts between particles. However, when packing spatially extended objects with flexible shapes, additional concepts must be invoked to understand the stability of the resulting structure. Here, we examine the disordered packing of chains constructed out of flexibly connected hard spheres. Using x-ray tomography, we find that long chains pack into a low-density structure whose mechanical rigidity is mainly provided by the backbone. On compaction, randomly oriented, semi-rigid loops form along the chain, and the packing of chains can be understood as the jamming of these elements. Finally, we uncover close similarities between the packing of chains and the glass transition in polymers.

Zou, Ling-Nan; Cheng, Xiang; Rivers, Mark L.; Jaeger, Heinrich M.; Nagel, Sidney R.; UC

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Impact of Industrial Electric Rate Structure on Energy Conservation - A Utility Viewpiont  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the price of energy rises, changes in industrial electric rates will have an impact on energy usage and conservation. Utilities interested in reducing system peak demands may reflect this need in the rate structure as an incentive for the industrial customer to alter their present operation. Utilities recognize that industry offers the greatest potential for peak load reduction.

Williams, M. M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

College Fights Energy Rate Hikes with 'Grid Positive' Plan | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

College Fights Energy Rate Hikes with 'Grid Positive' Plan College Fights Energy Rate Hikes with 'Grid Positive' Plan College Fights Energy Rate Hikes with 'Grid Positive' Plan August 26, 2010 - 4:11pm Addthis Butte College's solar panels are helping it make more energy than it uses, providing it financial as well environmental benefits. | Photo courtesy of Butte College | Butte College's solar panels are helping it make more energy than it uses, providing it financial as well environmental benefits. | Photo courtesy of Butte College | Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers What does this mean for me? Community college campus will have 25,000 solar panels after latest installation and will generate 6,381 megawatt-hours of solar energy annually. $12.65 million in Clean Renewable Energy Bonds helped fund final 15,000 panels.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Experimental study of the heat and mass transfer in a packed bed liquid desiccant air dehumidifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Desiccant cooling systems have the ability to provide efficient humidity and temperature control while reducing the electrical energy requirement for air conditioning as compared to a conventional system. Naturally, the desiccant air dehumidification process greatly influences the overall performance of the desiccant system. Therefore, the effects of variables such as air and desiccant flow rates, air temperature and humidity, desiccant temperature and concentration, and the area available for heat and mass transfer are of great interest. Due to the complexity of the dehumidification process, theoretical modeling relies heavily upon experimental studies. However, a limited number of experimental studies are reported in the literature. This paper presents results from a detailed experimental investigation of the heat and mass transfer between a liquid desiccant (triethylene glycol) and air in a packed bed absorption tower using high liquid flow rates. A high performance packing that combines good heat and mass transfer characteristics with low pressure drop is used. The rate of dehumidification, as well as the effectiveness of the dehumidification process are assessed based on the variables listed above. Good agreement is shown to exist between the experimental findings and predictions from finite difference modeling. In addition, a comparison between the findings in the present study and findings previously reported in the literature is made. The results obtained from this study make it possible to characterize the important variables which impact the system design.

Oeberg, V.; Goswami, D.Y. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Vibrations of Jammed Disk Packings with Hertzian Interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contact breaking and Hertzian interactions between grains can both give rise to nonlinear vibrational response of static granular packings. We perform molecular dynamics simulations at constant energy in 2D of frictionless bidisperse disks that interact via Hertzian spring potentials as a function of energy and measure directly the vibrational response from the Fourier transform of the velocity autocorrelation function. We compare the measured vibrational response of static packings near jamming onset to that obtained from the eigenvalues of the dynamical matrix to determine the temperature above which the linear response breaks down. We compare packings that interact via single-sided (purely repulsive) and double-sided Hertzian spring interactions to disentangle the effects of the shape of the potential from contact breaking. Our studies show that while Hertzian interactions lead to weak nonlinearities in the vibrational behavior (e.g. the generation of harmonics of the eigenfrequencies of the dynamical matrix), the vibrational response of static packings with Hertzian contact interactions is dominated by contact breaking as found for systems with repulsive linear spring interactions.

Carl F. Schreck; Corey S. O'Hern; Mark D. Shattuck

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

203

Mass burning rate of premixed stretched flames: integral analysis versus large activation energy asymptotics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mass burning rate of premixed stretched flames: integral analysis versus large activation energy, The Netherlands Abstract. New expressions for the mass burning rate are derived from a recently introduced burning rate. The consequences for experimental and numerical studies are investigated. Keywords: premixed

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

204

A national program for energy-efficient mortgages and home energy rating systems: A blueprint for action  

SciTech Connect

This Review Draft reports findings and recommendations of the National Collaborative on Home Energy Rating Systems and Mortgage Incentives for Energy Efficiency. The US Department of Energy, in cooperation with the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, formed this National Collaborative as a National Energy Strategy initiative. Participating in the Collaborative were representatives of the primary and secondary mortgage markets, builder and remodeler organizations, real estate and appraiser associations, the home energy rating system industry, utility associations, consumer and public interest groups, state and local government interest groups, and environmental organizations. The Collaborative's purpose was to develop a voluntary national program encouraging energy efficiency in homes through mortgage incentives linked to home energy ratings.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

A national program for energy-efficient mortgages and home energy rating systems: A blueprint for action. Review draft  

SciTech Connect

This Review Draft reports findings and recommendations of the National Collaborative on Home Energy Rating Systems and Mortgage Incentives for Energy Efficiency. The US Department of Energy, in cooperation with the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, formed this National Collaborative as a National Energy Strategy initiative. Participating in the Collaborative were representatives of the primary and secondary mortgage markets, builder and remodeler organizations, real estate and appraiser associations, the home energy rating system industry, utility associations, consumer and public interest groups, state and local government interest groups, and environmental organizations. The Collaborative`s purpose was to develop a voluntary national program encouraging energy efficiency in homes through mortgage incentives linked to home energy ratings.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The evaporation rate, free energy, and entropy of amorphous water Robin J. Speedy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evaporation rate, free energy, and entropy of amorphous water at 150 K Robin J. Speedy can be interpreted as giving a measure of their free energy difference, i a G 150 K 1100 100 J of amorphous water (a) and ice (i) near 150 K and suppose that their ratio gives a measure of their free energy

207

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/Utility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Utility Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Name: Utility Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: A Data:Add4bb7f-e6bd-4427-a614-3a92bd5ba15d Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/Utility" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + Prairie Land Electric Coop Inc + 000086db-7a5e-4356-9c57-c912f7d1622e + Talquin Electric Coop, Inc + 0003a8b3-04b9-4ecb-b06d-6022e7f0f009 + Central Electric Membership Corporation + 000470c7-df04-47aa-bdd2-d70f0a2c52b3 + New London Electric&Water Util + 000b6dfa-a541-428a-9029-423006e22a34 + City of Plymouth, Wisconsin (Utility Company) + 000db36e-b548-43e7-a283-d37ecc77cef1 + Surprise Valley Electrification Corp. +

208

Energy dependence of ion-assisted chemical etch rates in reactive plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a highly cited paper, Steinbruechel [C. Steinbruechel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1960 (1989)] has demonstrated that in the sub-keV region the etch yield scales like the square root of the ion energy. Based on this result, many authors have subsequently applied this specific energy dependence to ion-assisted chemical etch rates of various materials in different etch tools. In this work, it is demonstrated that in contrast to the etch yield, the etch rate cannot universally be modeled by a simple square-root energy dependence. A novel model accounting for the correct energy dependence of ion-assisted chemical etch rates is therefore proposed. Application of this model to the etching of SiO{sub 2} and ZnO in halogenated plasma chemistries provides a quantitative description of the simultaneous dependence of the etch rate on ion energy and on ion and reactive neutral fluxes.

Stafford, L.; Margot, J.; Chaker, M.; Pearton, S.J. [Departement de physique, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); INRS-Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, Varennes, Quebec (Canada); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida (United States)

2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

The Home Energy Scoring Tool: A Simplified Asset Rating for Single Family  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Home Energy Scoring Tool: A Simplified Asset Rating for Single Family The Home Energy Scoring Tool: A Simplified Asset Rating for Single Family Homes Title The Home Energy Scoring Tool: A Simplified Asset Rating for Single Family Homes Publication Type Conference Proceedings LBNL Report Number LBNL-5714E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Bourassa, Norman, Leo I. Rainer, Evan Mills, and Joan Glickman Conference Name 2012 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Date Published 05/2012 Conference Location Pacific Grove, CA, USA Abstract In 2010, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) initiated development of a new web-based computer tool and method for providing an energy asset rating of single-family homes. The resulting Home Energy Scoring Tool (http://homeenergyscore.lbl.gov) is a key component of the DOE's Home Energy Score Program (http://www.homeenergyscore.gov) for residential building energy labeling, a voluntary national asset rating method that uses a simplified and standardized energy assessment process. The Scoring Tool component of the program has been designed to support the existing energy analysis marketplace by providing a substantially lower-cost entry-level assessment method. This paper presents technical details of the Home Energy Scoring Tool itself, including the Scoring Tool's relationship to the Home Energy Saver building simulation engine, the Home Energy Score calculation methodology, and the web services feature that allows any qualified third-party software developer to integrate the Home Energy Score method into their own webbased applications and market delivery strategy.

210

Geometrical Properties of Simulated Packings of Spherocylinders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a wide range of industrial applications there appear systems of hard particles of different shapes and sizes, known as "packings". In this work, the force-biased algorithm, primarily designed to model close packings of equal spheres, is adapted to ...

Monika Bargie?

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

VripPack User's Guide Brian Curless  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and compiling vrip is fairly straightforward. VripPack depends on Tcl/Tk being installed and has been compiled most recently against Tcl/Tk version 8.4. VripPack comes with these libraries for Linux, but you may. The following web page is a good reference for installing Cygwin and Tcl/Tk as needed for vrip: http

Davis, James E.

212

DOE Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Program Focus Groups with Primary Stakeholders in Seattle -- Final Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Building Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Program Focus Groups with Primary Stakeholders in Seattle Final Report G Redmond Wolf J Dohack LD Winges Battelle Centers for Public Health Research and Evaluation Seattle, Washington Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Washington, D.C. February 2012 DOE Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Program Focus Groups with Primary Stakeholders in Seattle Final Report G Redmond Wolf J Dohack LD Winges Centers for Public Health Research and Evaluation Seattle, Washington Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Washington, D.C. February 2012 Contents 1.0 Introduction .................................................................................................................................. 1

213

Neutrino Energy Loss Rates due to {sup 54,55,56}Fe in Stellar Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutrino energy loss rates are required as a key nuclear physics input parameter in the simulation codes of core-collapse supernovae of massive stars. The weak interaction rates due to isotopes of iron, {sup 54,55,56}Fe, are considered to play an important role during the presupernova evolution of massive stars. Proton-neutron quasi-particle random phase approximation (pn-QRPA) theory has recently being used for a microscopic calculation of stellar weak interaction rates of iron isotopes with success. The calculation of neutrino energy loss rates due to {sup 54,55,56}Fe is presented along with a comparison with large scale shell model results.

Nabi, Jameel-Un [Faculty of Engineering Sciences, GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Topi 23640, Swabi, NWFP (Pakistan)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Method for gravel packing wells  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a method for gravel packing a well that penetrates an unconsolidated or poorly consolidated subterranean oil or gas reservoir. It comprises: providing a borehole casing through the reservoir; perforating the casing at preselected intervals therealong to form at least one set of longitudinal, perforation tunnels adjacent a substantial portion of the reservoir; locating a sand screen inside the casing and in juxtaposition with the perforation tunnels, an annulus being formed between the sand screen and the casing; positioning a conduit in juxtaposition with the sand screen extending substantially the length of the sand screen and having its upper extremity open to fluids; injecting a fluid slurry containing gravel down through the annulus and conduit whereby the fluid portion of the slurry is forced out of the annulus through the perforation tunnels into the reservoir and the gravel portion of the slurry deposited in the annulus and forced into the perforation tunnels into the formation; sizing the cross-sectional area of the conduit and the annulus so that if gravel forms a bridge in a portion of the annulus thereby blocking the flow of fluid slurry through the the annulus, fluid slurry containing gravel will continue to flow through the conduit and into the annulus around the gravel bridge; and terminating the injection of the slurry.

Jones, L.G.

1990-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

215

An Analysis of Statewide Adoption Rates of Building Energy Code by Local Jurisdictions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to generally inform the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building Energy Codes Program of the local, effective energy code adoption rate for a sample set of 21 states, some which have adopted statewide codes and some that have not. Information related to the residential energy code adoption process and status at the local jurisdiction was examined for each of the states. Energy code status information was gathered for approximately 2,800 jurisdictions, which effectively covered approximately 80 percent of the new residential building construction in the 21 states included in the study.

Cort, Katherine A.; Butner, Ryan S.

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

216

Measurement of Turbulent Kinetic Energy Dissipation Rate with a Lagrangian Float  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study tests the ability of a neutrally buoyant float to estimate the dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy ? from its vertical acceleration spectrum using an inertial subrange method. A Lagrangian float was equipped with a SonTek ...

Ren-Chieh Lien; Eric A. D'Asaro

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Reflectivity, Rain Rate, and Kinetic Energy Flux Relationships Based on Raindrop Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationships between radar reflectivity factor Z, rainfall rate R, and rainfall kinetic energy flux E were analyzed based on a multiyear raindrop spectra dataset recorded by a Joss–Waldvogel disdrometer in the Goodwin Creek research ...

Matthias Steiner; James A. Smith

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

An Analysis of Building Energy Code Statewide Adoption Rates by Local  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Analysis of Building Energy Code Statewide Adoption Rates by Local An Analysis of Building Energy Code Statewide Adoption Rates by Local Jurisdiction The purpose of this study is to quantify the energy code adoption rate by local jurisdictions from a sample set of 21 states. Some of the states within this sample have statewide energy codes, while others do not. Using construction starts and weighting results by localities that have or have not adopted energy codes, the findings can suggest a means of identifying which states have "effectively" adopted state-wide codes through local adoption and enforcement. Publication Date: Monday, December 31, 2012 BEC_Statewide_Adoption.pdf Document Details Last Name: Cort Initials: KA Affiliation: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Document Number: PNNL-21963 Prepared by:

219

SCE&G-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SCE&G-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available public bodies and cooperatives (any one of which is hereinafter called the Customer) in South Carolina served through the transmission facilities of South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (hereinafter called the Company). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule does not apply to energy from pumping operations at the Carters and Richard B.

220

Delay Bounded Rate and Power Control in Energy Harvesting Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In [3] solar energy was modeled as a Markov process after analysis of years of observed dataDelay Bounded Rate and Power Control in Energy Harvesting Wireless Networks R.A. Raghuvir and Dinesh Rajan Department of Electrical Engineering Southern Methodist University Dallas, TX 75275

Rajan, Dinesh

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A Rate-Energy-Distortion Analysis for Compressed-Sensing-Enabled Wireless Video Streaming on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Rate-Energy-Distortion Analysis for Compressed-Sensing-Enabled Wireless Video Streaming. The objective of this paper is to conduct an experiment- driven analysis of the energy on Multimedia Sensors Scott Pudlewski, Tommaso Melodia Department of Electrical Engineering State University

Melodia, Tommaso

222

Self-Constructive High-Rate System Energy Modeling for Battery-Powered Mobile Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Lin Zhong Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Rice University 6100 Main St., TX 77005 for the great diversity in the hardware and usage of mobile systems. Moreover, existing system energy models intervals of at least 10 ms, or at a rate no lower than 100 Hz. Per-application energy accounting is useful

Zhong, Lin

223

A comparison of photovoltaic module performance evaluation methodologies for energy ratings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The rating of photovoltaic (PV) modules has always been a controversial topic in the PV community. Currently, there is no industry standard methodology to evaluate PV modules for energy production. This issue must be discussed and resolved for the benefit of system planners, utilities, and other consumers. Several methodologies are available to rate a module`s peak power, but do any accurately predict energy output for flat-plate modules? This paper analyzes the energy performance of PV modules using six different energy calculation techniques and compares the results to the measured amount of energy produced. The results indicate which methods are the most effective for predicting energy output in Golden, Colorado, under prevailing meteorological conditions.

Kroposki, B.; Emery, K.; Myers, D.; Mrig, L.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Rate-Independent Energy Dissipation Mechanisms in Fiber-Matrix Material Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Rate-independent energy dissipation associated with high-strain high-stress behavior of the material is considered. This rate-independent energy dissipation is associated with damage and relative motion inside the fiber-matrix material system. Simple mechanical models for energy dissipation were presented to facilitate the understanding of the phenomena. Three mechanisms for internal energy dissipation in fibermatrix material systems are considered: fiber fracture and failure; frictional sliding at the fibermatrix interface during fiber pull-out: and matrix deformation. Comparison of dissipation energy capabilities through fiber fracture and failure was examined separately for brittle fibers and for ductile wires. Various commercially available brittle fibers were compared in tables and graphs. For brittle fibers, energy dissipation density values as high as 107 J/cm 3 and 45 J/g were found during fiber failure. The ductile wires studied in this paper included stainless steel, alu...

Victor Giurgiutiu; Kenneth L. Reifsnider; Craig A. Rogers

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Recovery Act: Energy Efficiency of Data Networks through Rate Adaptation (EEDNRA) - Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

This Concept Definition Study focused on developing a scientific understanding of methods to reduce energy consumption in data networks using rate adaptation. Rate adaptation is a collection of techniques that reduce energy consumption when traffic is light, and only require full energy when traffic is at full provisioned capacity. Rate adaptation is a very promising technique for saving energy: modern data networks are typically operated at average rates well below capacity, but network equipment has not yet been designed to incorporate rate adaptation. The Study concerns packet-switching equipment, routers and switches; such equipment forms the backbone of the modern Internet. The focus of the study is on algorithms and protocols that can be implemented in software or firmware to exploit hardware power-control mechanisms. Hardware power-control mechanisms are widely used in the computer industry, and are beginning to be available for networking equipment as well. Network equipment has different performance requirements than computer equipment because of the very fast rate of packet arrival; hence novel power-control algorithms are required for networking. This study resulted in five published papers, one internal report, and two patent applications, documented below. The specific technical accomplishments are the following: • A model for the power consumption of switching equipment used in service-provider telecommunication networks as a function of operating state, and measured power-consumption values for typical current equipment. • An algorithm for use in a router that adapts packet processing rate and hence power consumption to traffic load while maintaining performance guarantees on delay and throughput. • An algorithm that performs network-wide traffic routing with the objective of minimizing energy consumption, assuming that routers have less-than-ideal rate adaptivity. • An estimate of the potential energy savings in service-provider networks using feasibly-implementable rate adaptivity. • A buffer-management algorithm that is designed to reduce the size of router buffers, and hence energy consumed. • A packet-scheduling algorithm designed to minimize packet-processing energy requirements. Additional research is recommended in at least two areas: further exploration of rate-adaptation in network switching equipment, including incorporation of rate-adaptation in actual hardware, allowing experimentation in operational networks; and development of control protocols that allow parts of networks to be shut down while minimizing disruption to traffic flow in the network. The research is an integral part of a large effort within Bell Laboratories, Alcatel-Lucent, aimed at dramatic improvements in the energy efficiency of telecommunication networks. This Study did not explicitly consider any commercialization opportunities.

Matthew Andrews; Spyridon Antonakopoulos; Steve Fortune; Andrea Francini; Lisa Zhang

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

226

NFRC efforts to develop a residential fenestration annual energy rating methodology  

SciTech Connect

This paper documents efforts currently being undertaken by the National Fenestration Rating Council`s Annual Energy Rating Subcommittee to develop procedures to quantify the energy impacts of fenestration products in typical residential buildings throughout the US. Parallel paths focus on (1) the development of simplified heating and cooling indices and (2) the development of a more detailed methodology to calculate the cost and energy impacts of specific products in a variety of housing types. These procedures are currently under discussion by NFRC`s Technical Committee; future efforts will also address commercial buildings.

Crooks, B.; Larsen, J. [Cardinal IG, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Sullivan, R.; Arasteh, D.; Selkowitz, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Building Technologies Program

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Model of home heating and calculation of rates of return to household energy conservation investment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study attempts to find out if households' investments on energy conservation yield expected returns. It first builds a home-heating regression model, then uses the results of the model to calculate the rates of return for households' investments on the energy conservation. The home heating model includes housing characteristics, economic and demographic variables, appliance related variables, and regional dummy variables. Housing characteristic variables are modeled according to the specific physical relationship between the house and its heating requirement. Data from the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) of 1980-1981 is used for the empirical testing of the model. The model is estimated for single-detached family houses separately for three major home-heating fuel types: electricity, natural gas and fuel oil. Four scenarios are used to calculate rates of return for each household. The results show in the Northern areas the rates of return in most of the cases are a lot higher than market interest rates. In the Western and Southern areas, with few exceptions, the rates of return are lower than market interest rates. The variation of heating degree days and energy prices can affect the rates of return up to 20 percentage points.

Hsueh, L.M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Compost Bedded Pack Barns: Management Practices and Economic Implications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Compost bedded pack (CBP) barn design and pack maintenance procedures vary considerably, making advising and problem-solving challenging. One objective of this research was to characterize… (more)

Black, Randi Alyson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Groundwater well with reactive filter pack  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for the remediation of contaminated soil and ground water wherein a reactive pack material is added to the annular fill material utilized in standard well construction techniques.

Gilmore, Tyler J. (Pasco, WA); Holdren, Jr., George R. (Kennewick, WA); Kaplan, Daniel I. (Richland, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

test problem for packing_sumit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Test problems of circles in circle packing with constraints and known the optimal solutions*. Hong-fei Teng1, 2**, Chao Che 2, Yu Chen 1, Yi-shou Wang 1. 1.

231

Fast synchrotron X-ray tomography study of the rod packing structures  

SciTech Connect

We present a fast synchrotron X-ray tomography study of the packing structures of rods under tapping. Utilizing the high flux of the X-rays generated from the third-generation synchrotron source, we can complete a tomography scan within several seconds, after which the three-dimensional (3D) packing structure can be obtained for the subsequent structural analysis. Due to the high-energy nature of the X-ray beam, special image processing steps including image phase-retrieval has been implemented. Overall, this study suggests the possibility of acquiring statistically significant static packing structures within a reasonable time scale using high-intensity X-ray sources.

Zhang Xiaodan; Xia Chengjie; Sun Haohua; Wang Yujie [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dong Chuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China)

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

232

Heat and mass transfer in packed bed liquid desiccant regenerators -- An experimental investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Liquid desiccant cooling can provide control of temperature and humidity, while at the same time lowering the electrical energy requirement for air conditioning. Since the largest energy requirement associated with desiccant cooling is low temperature heat for desiccant regeneration, the regeneration process greatly influences the overall system performance. Therefore, the effects of variables such as air and desiccant flow rates, air temperature and humidity, desiccant temperature and concentration, and the area available for heat and mass transfer on the regeneration process are of great interest. Due to the complexity of the regeneration process, which involves simultaneous heat and mass transfer, theoretical modeling must be verified by experimental studies. However, a limited number of experimental studies are reported in the literature. This paper presents results from a detailed experimental investigation of the heat and mass transfer between a liquid desiccant (triethylene glycol) and air in a packed bed regenerator using high liquid flow rates. To regenerate the desiccant, it is heated to temperatures readily obtainable from flat-plate solar collectors. A high performance packing that combines good heat and mass transfer characteristics with low pressure drop is used. The rate of water evaporation, as well as the effectiveness of the regeneration process is assessed based on the variables listed above. Good agreement is shown to exist between the experimental findings and predictions from finite difference modeling. In addition, the findings in the present study are compared to findings previously reported in the literature. Also, the results presented here characterize the important variables that impact the system design.

Martin, V.; Goswami, D.Y.

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

On universal structural characteristics of granular packs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the dependence of the structure of granular materials on grain parameters is key to predictive modelling of granular matter. Structural characteristics are commonly believed to be sensitive, for a given packing process, to intergranular friction, particle size distribution and initial conditions. We show here that the intergranular friction coefficient and the initial conditions are details, which can be scaled away, and that structures are determined mainly by the packing dynamics and the grain size distribution. This we do using the quadron description to analyse the structures of a number of numerically-generated planar disc packs in mechanical equilibrium, varying all these parameters. Our findings are as follows. 1. The mean coordination number is a universal function of the packing fraction, independent of the initial conditions, intergranular friction and size distribution we used, when "rattlers" are ignored. 2. For a given packing process and disc size distribution, both the total and conditional quadron volume distributions collapse to universal forms, independent of the initial conditions and intergranular friction. 3. The cell order distribution collapses to a universal form for all friction coefficients, initial conditions and for the two disc size distributions we studied. These results suggest that mechanically stable granular structures are determined mainly by the packing dynamics and the grains size / shape distributions - the effects of the intergranular friction and initial state can be scaled away and are therefore predictable.

Takashi Matsushima; Raphael Blumenfeld

2013-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

234

SCE&G-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SCE&G-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available public bodies and cooperatives (any one of which is hereinafter called the Customer) in South Carolina to whom power may be wheeled pursuant to contracts between the Government and the South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (hereinafter called the Company). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule does

235

SCE&G-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SCE&G-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available public bodies and cooperatives (any one of which is hereinafter called the Customer) in South Carolina to whom power may be scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and the South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (hereinafter called the Company). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule does

236

CP&L-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CP&L-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carolina Power & Light, Eastern Division System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in North Carolina and South Carolina to whom power may be transmitted pursuant to contracts between the Government and Carolina Power & Light Company (hereinafter called the Company) and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the John H. Kerr and Philpott Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download CP&L-2-B Rate Schedule

237

CP&L-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CP&L-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carolina Power & Light, Eastern Division System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in North Carolina and South Carolina to whom power may be transmitted and scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and Carolina Power & Light Company (hereinafter called the Company) and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the John H. Kerr and Philpott Projects and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download CP&L-1-B Rate Schedule

238

Overview of existing residential energy-efficiency rating systems and measuring tools  

SciTech Connect

Three categories of rating systems/tools were identified: prescriptive, calculational, and performance. Prescriptive systems include rating systems that assign points to various conservation features. Most systems that have been implemented to date have been prescriptive systems. The vast majority of these are investor-owned utility programs affiliated with the National Energy Watch program of the Edison Electric Institute. The calculational category includes computational tools that can be used to estimate energy consumption. This estimate could then be transformed, probably by indexing, into a rating. The available computational tools range from very simple to complex tools requiring use of a main-frame computer. Performance systems refer to residential energy-efficiency ratings that are based on past fuel consumption of a home. There are few of these systems. For each identified system/tool, the name, address, and telephone number of the developer is included. In addition, relevant publications discussing the system/tool are cited. The extent of field validation/verification of individual systems and tools is discussed. In general, there has been little validation/verification done. A bibliography of literature relevant to the use and implementation of a home energy rating system is also included.

Hendrickson, P.L.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Williams, T.A.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

We Energies - Solar Buy-Back Rate (Wisconsin) | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Wisconsin Administrative Code Chapter PSC 119; the state's Distributed Generation Interconnection Agreement, and "Energy for Tomorrow" Power Partner Program Agreement...

240

Energy Policy Act transportation rate study: Availability of data and studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pursuant to Section 1340(c) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT), this report presents the Secretary of Energy`s review of data collected by the Federal Government on rates for rail and pipeline transportation of domestic coal, oil, and gas for the years 1988 through 1997, and proposals to develop an adequate data base for each of the fuels, based on the data availability review. This report also presents the Energy Information Administration`s findings regarding the extent to which any Federal agency is studying the impacts of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA90) and other Federal policies on the transportation rates and distribution patterns of domestic coal, oil, and gas.

Not Available

1993-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Energy policy act transportation study: Interim report on natural gas flows and rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report, Energy Policy Act Transportation Study: Interim Report on Natural Gas Flows and Rates, is the second in a series mandated by Title XIII, Section 1340, ``Establishment of Data Base and Study of Transportation Rates,`` of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102--486). The first report Energy Policy Act Transportation Study: Availability of Data and Studies, was submitted to Congress in October 1993; it summarized data and studies that could be used to address the impact of legislative and regulatory actions on natural gas transportation rates and flow patterns. The current report presents an interim analysis of natural gas transportation rates and distribution patterns for the period from 1988 through 1994. A third and final report addressing the transportation rates and flows through 1997 is due to Congress in October 2000. This analysis relies on currently available data; no new data collection effort was undertaken. The need for the collection of additional data on transportation rates will be further addressed after this report, in consultation with the Congress, industry representatives, and in other public forums.

NONE

1995-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

242

Nuclear reaction rates and energy in stellar plasmas : The effect of highly damped modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of the highly damped modes in the energy and reaction rates in a plasma are discussed. These modes, with wavenumbers $k \\gg k_{D}$, even being only weakly excited, with less than $k_{B}T$ per mode, make a significant contribution to the energy and screening in a plasma. When the de Broglie wavelength is much less than the distance of closest approach of thermal electrons, a classical analysis of the plasma can

Merav Opher; Luis O. Silva; Dean E. Dauger; Viktor K. Decyk; John M. Dawson

2001-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

243

Self-constructive high-rate system energy modeling for battery-powered mobile systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System energy models are important for energy optimization and management in mobile systems. However, existing system energy models are built in a lab setting with the help from a second computer. Not only are they labor-intensive; but also they do not adequately account for the great diversity in the hardware and usage of mobile systems. Moreover, existing system energy models are intended for energy estimation for time intervals of one second or longer; they do not provide the required rate for fine-grain use such as per-application energy accounting. In this work, we study a self-modeling paradigm in which a mobile system automatically generates its energy model without any external assistance. Our solution, Sesame, leverages the possibility of self power measurement through the smart battery interface and employs a suite of novel techniques to achieve accuracy and rate much higher than that of the smart battery interface. We report the implementation and evaluation of Sesame on a laptop and a smartphone. The experiment results show that Sesame is able to generate system energy models of 95 % accuracy at one estimation per second and of 88 % accuracy at one estimation per 10 ms, without any external assistance. Two fiveday field studies with four laptop and four smartphones users further demonstrate the effectiveness, efficiency, and noninvasiveness of Sesame.

Mian Dong; Lin Zhong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Rating energy efficiency and sustainability in laboratories: Results and lessons from the Labs21 program  

SciTech Connect

Laboratories are very energy intensive, with significant opportunities for improved efficiency. However, their inherent complexity and variety makes benchmarking of their energy and environmental performance a unique and challenging task. Furthermore, laboratories have a myriad of health and safety requirements that significantly affect energy use, adding complexity to their benchmarking. The Labs21 program, a joint program of the US EPA and US DOE, has developed two resources specifically for assessing laboratory energy and environmental performance: (1) An energy benchmarking tool which allows users to compare laboratories using a standard set of building and system level energy use metrics. (2) The Environmental Performance Criteria (EPC) a point-based rating system that builds on the LEED(TM) green building rating system, designed to score overall environmental performance. In this paper, for each of these tools we present the underlying methodology and results from their use. For the benchmarking tool, we contrast our approach, which includes a simulation model-based component, with those used for other building types. We also present selected results from data collection and analysis of about 40 private and public sector laboratory facilities. In the case of the EPC, we describe variations from the LEED standard, focusing on the energy credits. Finally, using laboratories as a case in point, we discuss lessons learned that can be applied to the development of similar tools for other building types that have complex requirements impacting energy and environmental performance.

Mathew, Paul; Sartor, Dale; van Geet, Otto; Reilly, Sue

2004-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

245

SCE&G-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SCE&G-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: South Carolina Electric & Gas Area System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available public bodies and cooperatives (any one of which is hereinafter called the Customer) in South Carolina to whom power may be wheeled and scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and the South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (hereinafter called the Company). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under appropriate

246

CP&L-3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CP&L-3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carolina Power & Light, Eastern Division System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in North Carolina and South Carolina to whom power may be scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and Carolina Power & Light Company (hereinafter called the Company) and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the John H. Kerr and Philpott Projects (hereinafter called the Projects) and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download

247

Method for packed column separations and purifications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention encompasses a method of packing and unpacking a column chamber. A mixture of a fluid and a matrix material are introduced through a column chamber inlet so that the matrix material is packed within a column chamber to form a packed column. The column chamber having the column chamber inlet or first port for receiving the mixture further has an outlet port and an actuator port. The outlet port is partially closed for capturing the matrix material and permitting the fluid to flow therepast by rotating relative one to the other of a rod placed in the actuator port. Further rotation relative one to the other of the rod and the column chamber opens the outlet and permits the matrix material and the fluid to flow therethrough thereby unpacking the matrix material from the column chamber.

Holman, David A. (Richland, WA); Bruckner-Lea, Cynthia J. (Richland, WA); Brockman, Fred J. (Kennewick, WA); Chandler, Darrell P. (Richland, WA)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

On energy exchange rate and entropy production operators in quantum fluctuation-dissipation relations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For quantum systems with externally time-varied Hamiltonians a definition of operators of system's energy change rate (work per unit time) and entropy production observables is suggested and discussed in the context of rigorous statistical equalities (generalized fluctuation-dissipation relations) under the Jordan-symmetrized chronological operator ordering rule.

Yu. E. Kuzovlev

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Labeling energy cost on light bulbs lowers implicit discount rates Jihoon Min a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis Labeling energy cost on light bulbs lowers implicit discount rates Jihoon Min a , Inês L considerably. To quantify the influence of factors that drive consumer choices for light bulbs, we conducted incandescent bulbs. About half of the total lighting service (in terms of lumens) was provided by incandes

Michalek, Jeremy J.

250

The Connection between Bubble Size Spectra and Energy Dissipation Rates in the Upper Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A formula for the maximum size of a bubble for which surface tension forces can prevent bubble breakup by inertial forces, combined with the observed sizes of air bubbles in breaking waves, implies an energy dissipation rate. One dataset from the ...

Chris Garrett; Ming Li; David Farmer

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Energy production rates in fluid mixtures of inelastic rough hard spheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this work is to explore the combined effect of polydispersity and roughness on the partial energy production rates and on the total cooling rate of a granular fluid mixture. We consider a mixture of inelastic rough hard spheres of different number densities, masses, diameters, moments of inertia, and mutual coefficients of normal and tangential restitution. Starting from the first equation of the BBGKY hierarchy, the collisional energy production rates associated with the translational and rotational temperatures ($T_i^\\text{tr}$ and $T_i^\\text{rot}$) are expressed in terms of two-body average values. Next, those average values are estimated by assuming a velocity distribution function based on maximum-entropy arguments, allowing us to express the energy production rates and the total cooling rate in terms of the partial temperatures and the parameters of the mixture. Finally, the results are applied to the homogeneous cooling state of a binary mixture and the influence of inelasticity and roughness on the temperature ratios $T_1^\\text{tr}/T_1^\\text{rot}$, $T_2^\\text{tr}/T_1^\\text{tr}$, and $T_2^\\text{rot}/T_1^\\text{rot}$ is analyzed.

Andrés Santos; Gilberto M. Kremer; Vicente Garzó

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

252

Geometric packing under non-uniform constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the problem of discrete geometric packing. Here, given weighted regions (say in the plane) and points (with capacities), one has to pick a maximum weight subset of the regions such that no point is covered more than its capacity. We provide ... Keywords: independent set, optimization, rounding scheme

Alina Ene; Sariel Har-Peled; Benjamin Raichel

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Adapting compilation techniques to enhance the packing of instructions into registers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The architectural design of embedded systems is becoming increasingly idiosyncratic to meet varying constraints regarding energy consumption, code size, and execution time. Traditional compiler optimizations are often tuned for improving general architectural constraints, yet these heuristics may not be as beneficial to less conventional designs. Instruction packing is a recently developed compiler/architectural approach for reducing energy consumption, code size, and execution time by placing the frequently occurring instructions into an Instruction Register File (IRF). Multiple IRF instructions are made accessible via special packed instruction formats. This paper presents the design and analysis of a compilation framework and its associated optimizations for improving the efficiency of instruction packing. We show that several new heuristics can be developed for IRF promotion, instruction selection, register re-assignment and instruction scheduling, leading to significant reductions in energy consumption, code size, and/or execution time when compared to results using a standard optimizing compiler targeting the IRF.

Stephen Hines; David Whalley; Gary Tyson

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Small scale ethanol production demonstration: comparison of packed versus plate rectifying column  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Johnson Environmental and Energy Center with assistance from the Madison County Farm Bureau Association received a grant in 1980 from the US Department of Energy to design, fabricate, and evaluate a small scale continuous ethanol plant. In 1981, the Center received a second DOE grant to compare the economics of replacing the plate rectifying column in the initial unit with a packed rectifying column. The results of the study indicate that the distillation unit with the packed rectifying column is capable of producing 14 gallons per hour of 170 proof ethanol. The energy ratio for distillation was a positive 2:1. Cost of the packed column was considerably less than the plate column. 1 reference, 19 figures, 9 tables.

Adcock, II, L E; Eley, M H; Schroer, B J

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Remarks on the energy release rate for an antiplane moving crack in couple stress elasticity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with the steady-state propagation of an antiplane semi-infinite crack in couple stress elastic materials. A distributed loading applied at the crack faces and moving with the same velocity of the crack tip is considered, and the influence of the loading profile variations and microstructural effects on the dynamic energy release rate is investigated. The behaviour of both energy release rate and maximum total shear stress when the crack tip speed approaches the critical speed (either that of the shear waves or that of the Rayleigh waves) is studied. The limit case corresponding to vanishing characteristic scale lengths is addressed both numerically and analytically by means of a comparison with classical elasticity results.

L. Morini; A. Piccolroaz; G. Mishuris

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

256

'Tilted' Industrial Electric Rates: A New Negative Variable for Energy Engineers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cost of purchased electricity for industry is rising even faster than for other sectors. Conventional means of reducing power costs include internal techniques like load management, demand controls and energy conservation. External mechanisms such as contract negotiations with the serving utility can also help keep unit costs of purchased power down. But regulatory policy by agencies governing the serving utility can also have a major impact on electric rate design, by imposing rate structures that require the industrial user to pay above-cost power prices. New trends in electricity ratemaking depart so radically from traditional cost-of-service standards that power-intensive manufacturers could soon end up paying up to 25% more for their electricity than it actually costs to generate and deliver it. Political pressure to mitigate the impact of high energy prices on residential customers led to enactment of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA), requiring every state to consider implementing alternatives to traditional cost-of-service ratemaking techniques. Increasingly, state legislation is also being introduced to achieve similar goals. The stakes for a manufacturing company can be great. If a company is small or unstable, or otherwise unable to absorb or pass on above cost energy prices, it may go out of business. Alternately, it may increase the price of its product in order to recover the new cost of electricity, plus all the administrative costs of handling what is in effect a straight cost pass-through. Traditionally, energy engineers have managed costs by securing favorable power contracts, and by using electricity efficiently. Increasingly, however, they will have to become involved in the public policy debate on electricity rate making in order to help assure that industry has equitable rates in the future.

Greenwood, R. W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Home energy rating system business plan feasibility study in Washington state  

SciTech Connect

In the Fall of 1993, the Washington State Energy Office funded the Washington Home Energy Rating System project to investigate the benefits of a Washington state HERS. WSEO established a HERS and EEM Advisory Group. Composed of mortgage lenders/brokers, realtors, builders, utility staff, remodelers, and other state agency representatives, the Advisory Group met for the first time on November 17, 1993. The Advisory Group established several subcommittees to identify issues and options. During its March 1994 meeting, the Advisory Group formed a consensus directing WSEO to develop a HERS business plan for consideration. The Advisory Group also established a business plan subcommittee to help draft the plan. Under the guidance of the business plan subcommittee, WSEO conducted research on how customers value energy efficiency in the housing market. This plan represents WSEO`s effort to comply with the Advisory Group`s request. Why is a HERS Business Plan necessary? Strictly speaking this plan is more of a feasibility plan than a business plan since it is designed to help determine the feasibility of a new business venture: a statewide home energy rating system. To make this determination decision makers or possible investors require strategic information about the proposed enterprise. Ideally, the plan should anticipate the significant questions parties may want to know. Among other things, this document should establish decision points for action.

Lineham, T.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Probe with integrated heater and thermocouple pack  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A probe for measuring heat includes an elongate rod fitted within a sheath, and a plurality of annular recesses are formed on the surface of the rod in a spaced-apart relationship to form annular chambers that are resistant to heat flow. A longitudinal bore extends axially into the rod and within the cylinders defined by the annular chambers, and an integrated heater and thermocouple pack is dimensioned to fit within the bore. In construction, the integrated pack includes a plurality of wires disposed in electrical insulation within a sheath and a heater cable. These wires include one common wire and a plurality of thermocuple wires. The common wire is constructed of one type of conductive material while the thermocouple wires are each constructed of two types of materials so that at least one thermocouple junction is formed therein. All of the wires extend the length of the integrated pack and are connected together at their ends. The thermocouple wires are constructed to form thermocouple junctions proximate to each annular chamber for producing electromotive forces corresponding to the temperature of the rod within the annular chambers relative to outside the chambers. In the preferred embodiment, each thermocouple wire forms two thermocouple junctions, one junction being disposed within an annular chamber and the second junction being disposed outside of, but proximate to, the same annular chamber. In one embodiment two thermocouple wires are configured to double the sensitivity of the probe in one region.

McCulloch, Reg W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Dial, Ralph E. (Concord, TN); Finnell, Wilber K. R. (Kingston, TN)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Probe with integrated heater and thermocouple pack  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A probe for measuring heat includes an elongate rod fitted within a sheath, and a plurality of annular recesses are formed on the surface of the rod in a spaced-apart relationship to form annular chambers that are resistant to heat flow. A longitudinal bore extends axially into the rod and within the cylinders defined by the annular chambers, and an integrated heater and thermocouple pack is dimensioned to fit within the bore. In construction, the integrated pack includes a plurality of wires disposed in electrical insulation within a sheath and a heater cable. These wires include one common wire and a plurality of thermocouple wires. The common wire is constructed of one type of conductive material while the thermocouple wires are each constructed of two types of materials so that at least one thermocouple junction is formed therein. All of the wires extend the length of the integrated pack and are connected together at their ends. The thermocouple wires are constructed to form thermocouple junctions proximate to each annular chamber for producing electromotive forces corresponding to the temperature of the rod within the annular chambers relative to outside the chambers. In the preferred embodiment, each thermocouple wire forms two thermocouple junctions, one junction being disposed within an annular chamber and the second junction being disposed outside of, but proximate to, the same annular chamber. In one embodiment two thermocouple wires are configured to double the sensitivity of the probe in one region.

McCulloch, Reginald W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Dial, Ralph E. (Concord, TN); Finnell, Wilber K. R. (Kingston, TN)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

The Scaleup of Structured Packing from Distillation Pilot Plant Testing to Commercial Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structured packing is being utilized more and more in the process industry for increased efficiency, greater capacity, and energy savings in distillation columns. Pilot plant testing of the actual chemical system using commercially available structured packing is invaluable, but years of experience in pilot plant testing have shown that scaleup to successful commercial designs is a complicated process. In this paper an actual case history is cited as an example of the problems and benefits of conducting pilot plant tests which set the commercial design bases for a distillation train. The actual pilot plant testing involved a different structured packing type and blocked out operations to simulate a large number of theoretical stages. The pilot plant results verified the thermodynamic data to a high confidence level. As a result, the initial commercial installation of structured packing was started immediately. The actual installation and the startup are covered with a discussion of the energy savings and quality improvement which were obtained by replacing trays with the packing. Another case of retrofit testing in the new Koch Development Pilot Plant is discussed indicating other areas for attention to detail.

Berven, O. J.; Ulowetz, M. A.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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261

New Rate Schedule CV-UUP1 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UUP1 UUP1 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL VALLEY PROJECT SCHEDULE OF RATE FOR UNRESERVED USE PENALTIES Effective: October 1, 2011, through September 30, 2016. Available: Within the marketing area served by the Western Area Power Administration (Western), Sierra Nevada Customer Service Region (SNR). Applicable: Western added this penalty rate for unreserved use of transmission service for the Central Valley Project, California-Oregon Transmission Project, and Pacific Alternating Current Intertie effective October 1, 2011. This penalty is applicable to point-to-point (PTP) transmission customers using transmission not reserved or in excess of reservation or network customers when they schedule delivery of off-system non-designated purchases using transmission capacity

262

New Rate Schedule CV-GID1 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GID1 GID1 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL VALLEY PROJECT SCHEDULE OF RATE FOR GENERATOR IMBALANCE SERVICE Effective: October 1, 2011, through September 30, 2016. Available: Within the marketing area served by the Western Area Power Administration (Western), Sierra Nevada Customer Service Region (SNR). Applicable: To generators receiving Generator Imbalance Service (GI). Character and Conditions of Service: GI is provided when a difference occurs between the scheduled and actual delivery of energy from an eligible generation resource within the Sub-Balancing Authority (SBA), over an hour, or in accordance with approved policies. The deviation in megawatts is the net scheduled amount of generation minus the net metered output from the generator's (actual generation)

263

Exclusive Measurements of the b to s gamma Transition Rate and Photon Energy Spectrum  

SciTech Connect

We use 429 fb{sup -1} of e{sup +}e{sup -} collision data collected at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector to measure the radiative transition rate of b {yields} s{gamma} with a sum of 38 exclusive final states. The inclusive branching fraction with a minimum photon energy of 1.9 GeV is found to be {Beta}({bar B} {yields} Xs{gamma}) = (3.29 {+-} 0.19 {+-} 0.48) x 10{sup -4} where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. We also measure the first and second moments of the photon energy spectrum and extract the best fit values for the heavy-quark parameters, m{sub b} and {mu}{sub {pi}}{sup 2}, in the kinetic and shape function models.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Palano, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; /Bergen U.; Brown, David Nathan; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T.S.; McKenna, J.A.; /British Columbia U.; Khan, A.; /Brunel U.; Blinov, V.E.; Buzykaev, A.R.; /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U., Comp. Sci. Dept. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U.; /more authors..

2012-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

264

Impact of Continuous Commissioning® on the Energy Star® Rating of Hospitals and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Re-commissioning, retro-commissioning, Continuous Commissioning® (CC®) are examples of successful systematic processes implemented in buildings to reduce overall building energy consumption, and improve efficiency of systems and their operations and control. The impact of the Continuous Commissioning® Process on the Energy Star® Rating (ESR) of office buildings and hospitals is examined in this thesis. The improvement in performance of a building, and subsequently its ESR, is found to be influenced by its initial ESR, while its location has no impact on improvement. The improvement in ESR is observed to be almost linearly proportional to the percentage of energy saved. For 10% - 20% reductions in energy use typical of the CC® process, the ESR is increased by 10-19 ESR ranks for office buildings and by 13 - 26 ESR ranks for hospitals. The CC® process is found to potentially enable an office building of average initial ESR of 62 and a hospital of average initial ESR of 55, located anywhere in the US, to be eligible to achieve ESR of 75 and consequently the Energy Star recognition. The improvement of ESR is a function of the initial ESR and the building type; hence it is observed to be different for hospitals and office buildings in the study. For hospital and office building models occupying 100,000 ft² of floor area each, a difference of about 30% in the ESR improvement (greater for hospitals) is observed. The energy intensities may be different for buildings with same ESRs that have different location and/or type. An averaged maximum difference of energy intensity of approximately 10% is observed to exist for identical buildings and of the same type but located at different locations. Hospitals are observed to be more than twice as energy intensive as office buildings for the same location and equal ESRs. ESR plotted against % energy savings at site reveals the stepped nature of ESR system. At specific initial ESR and corresponding % savings a reduction of up to approximately 1% for office buildings and up to 1.5% for hospitals does not change the respective ESRs for the model set of buildings in the study.

Kulkarni, Aditya Arun

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Questions & Answers Solicitation to Address High Purchase Costs and Disposal Impacts of PEV Battery Packs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Questions & Answers Solicitation to Address High Purchase Costs and Disposal Impacts of PEV Battery Packs PON12501 1. Relating to both Research Topic Areas, at what stage of the research does the Energ Commission envision a battery manufacturer needing to be involved? y The Energy

266

Excitation energies, polarizabilities, multipole transition rates, and lifetimes of ions along the francium isoelectronic sequence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relativistic many-body perturbation theory is applied to study properties of ions of the francium isoelectronic sequence. Specifically, energies of the 7s, 7p, 6d, and 5f states of Fr-like ions with nuclear charges Z = 87 - 100 are calculated through third order; reduced matrix elements, oscillator strengths, transition rates, and lifetimes are determined for 7s - 7p, 7p - 6d, and 6d - 5f electric-dipole transitions; and 7s - 6d, 7s - 5f, and 5f_5/2 - 5f_7/2 multipole matrix elements are evaluated to obtain the lifetimes of low-lying excited states. Moreover, for the ions Z = 87 - 92 calculations are also carried out using the relativistic all-order single-double method, in which single and double excitations of Dirac-Fock wave functions are included to all orders in perturbation theory. With the aid of the SD wave functions, we obtain accurate values of energies, transition rates, oscillator strengths, and the lifetimes of these six ions. Ground state scalar polarizabilities in Fr I, Ra II, Ac III, and Th IV...

Safronova, U I; Safronova, M S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Excitation energies, polarizabilities, multipole transition rates, and lifetimes in Th IV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Excitation energies of the ns_{1/2} (n=7-10), np_j (n=7-9), nd_j (n=6-8), nf_{j} (n=5-7), and ng_{j} (n=5-6) states in Th IV are evaluated. First-, second-, third-, and all-order Coulomb energies and first- and second-order Coulomb-Breit energies are calculated. Reduced matrix elements, oscillator strengths, transition rates, and lifetimes are determined for the 96 possible nl_j-n'l'_j' electric-dipole transitions. Multipole matrix elements (7s_{1/2}-6d_j, 7s_{1/2}-5f_j, and 5f_{5/2}-5f_{7/2}) are evaluated to obtain the lifetimes of the $5f_{7/2}$ and 7s_{1/2}$ states. Matrix elements are calculated using both relativistic many-body perturbation theory, complete through third order, and a relativistic all-order method restricted to single and double (SD) excitations. Scalar and tensor polarizabilities for the 5f_{5/2} ground state in Th3+ are calculated using relativistic third-order and all-order methods. These calculations provide a theoretical benchmark for comparison with experiment and theory.

Safronova, U I; Safronova, M S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Rate Schedule CV-T3 (Supersedes Schedules CV- T2) UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

T3 T3 (Supersedes Schedules CV- T2) UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL VALLEY PROJECT SCHEDULE OF RATE FOR POINT-TO-POINT TRANSMISSION SERVICE Effective: October 1, 2011, through September 30, 2016. Available: Within the marketing area served by the Western Area Power Administration (Western), Sierra Nevada Customer Service Region. Applicable: To customers receiving Central Valley Project (CVP) firm and/or non-firm Point-to-Point (PTP) transmission service. Character and Conditions of Service: Transmission service for three-phase, alternating current at 60-hertz, delivered and metered at the voltages and points of delivery or receipt, adjusted for losses, and delivered to points of

269

Utility rate structures and distributed thermal energy storage: a cost/benefit analysis. Basic research report, October 1978-February 1979  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines three alternative methods by which electric utilities might take advantage of distributed thermal energy storage to smooth out their load profiles. These three methods are: time-specific rates, time-invariant rates with subsidized storage, and direct load controls. The optimal form of each of these policies is determined, and formulas indicating the relative desirability of each policy are developed.

Koening, E.F.; Cambel, A.B.

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Rating energy efficiency and sustainability in laboratories: Results and lessons from the Labs21 program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

building systems and resulting energy use. The Labs21 Benchmarkbuilding types that have complex requirements impacting energy and environmental performance. Energy Benchmarking Why Benchmark

Mathew, Paul; Sartor, Dale; van Geet, Otto; Reilly, Sue

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Phonon Dispersion and Elastic Moduli of Two-Dimensional Disordered Colloidal Packings of Soft-Particles with Frictional Interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particle tracking and displacement covariance matrix techniques are employed to investigate the phonon dispersion relations of two-dimensional colloidal glasses composed of soft, thermoresponsive microgel particles whose temperature-sensitive size permits in situ variation of particle packing fraction. Bulk modulus, B, and shear modulus, G, of the colloidal glasses are extracted from the dispersion relations as a function of packing fraction. The ratio G/B is found to agree quantitatively with predictions for jammed packings of frictional soft particles with only one parameter required for the fit - the packing fraction for the onset of jamming in the limit of infinite friction. In addition, G and B individually agree with numerical predictions for frictional particles. This remarkable level of agreement enabled us to extract the inter-particle friction coefficient and an energy scale for the inter-particle interaction from the individual elastic constants.

Tim Still; Carl P. Goodrich; Ke Chen; Peter J. Yunker; Samuel Schoenholz; Andrea J. Liu; A. G. Yodh

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

272

Phonon Dispersion and Elastic Moduli of Two-Dimensional Disordered Colloidal Packings of Soft Particles with Frictional Interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particle tracking and displacement covariance matrix techniques are employed to investigate the phonon dispersion relations of two-dimensional colloidal glasses composed of soft, thermoresponsive microgel particles whose temperature-sensitive size permits \\textit{in situ} variation of particle packing fraction. Bulk, $B$, and shear, $G$, moduli of the colloidal glasses are extracted from the dispersion relations as a function of packing fraction, and variation of the ratio $G/B$ with packing fraction is found to agree quantitatively with predictions for jammed packings of frictional soft particles. In addition, $G$ and $B$ individually agree with numerical predictions for frictional particles. This remarkable level of agreement enabled us to extract an energy scale for the inter-particle interaction from the individual elastic constants and to derive an approximate estimate for the inter-particle friction coefficient.

Tim Still; Carl P. Goodrich; Ke Chen; Peter J. Yunker; Samuel Schoenholz; Andrea J. Liu; A. G. Yodh

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

273

One-Sun Multisource Solar Simulator brings accurate energy-rating predictions that account for the nonlinear behavior of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One-Sun Multisource Solar Simulator brings accurate energy- rating predictions that account for the nonlinear behavior of multijunction photovoltaic devices. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL horizons in developing simulators and measurement methods. Current solar simulators are not well suited

274

Future perspectives of using hollow fibers as structured packings in light hydrocarbon distillation  

SciTech Connect

Olefin and paraffin are the largest chemical commodities. Furthermore, they are major building blocks for the petrochemical industry. Each year, petroleum refining, consumes 4,500 TBtu/yr in separation energy, making it one of the most energy-intensive industries in the United States). Just considering liquefied petroleum gas (ethane/propane/butane) and olefins (ethylene and propylene) alone, the distillation energy consumption is about 400 TBtu/yr in the US. Since petroleum distillation is a mature technology, incremental improvements in column/tray design will only provide a few percent improvements in the performance. However, each percent saving in net energy use amounts to savings of 10 TBtu/yr and reduces CO{sub 2} emissions by 0.2 MTon/yr. In practice, distillation columns require 100 to 200 trays to achieve the desired separation. The height of a transfer unit (HTU) of conventional packings is typical in the range of 36-60 inch. Since 2006, we had explored using several non-selective membranes as the structured packings to replace the conventional packing materials used in propane and propylene distillation. We obtained the lowest HTU of < 8 inch for the hollow fiber column, which was >5 times shorter than that of the conventional packing materials. In 2008, we also investigated this type of packing materials in iso-/n-butane distillation. Because of a slightly larger relative volatility of iso-/n-butane than that of propane/propylene, a wider and a more stable operational range was obtained for the iso-/n-butane pair. However, all of the experiments were conducted on a small scale with flowrate of < 25 gram/min. Recently, we demonstrated this technology on a larger scale (<250 gram/min). Within the loading range of F-factor < 2.2 Pa{sup 0.5}, a pressure drop on the vapor side is below 50 mbar/m, which suggests that the pressure drop of hollow fibers packings is not an engineering barrier for the applications in distillations. The thermal stability study suggests that polypropylene hollow fibers are stable after a long time exposure to C{sub 2} - C{sub 4} mixtures. The effects of packing density on the separation efficiency will be discussed.

Yang, Dali [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Orler, Bruce [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tornga, Stephanie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Welch, Cindy [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

275

Future perspectives of using hollow fibers as structured packings in light hydrocarbon distillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Olefin and paraffin are the largest chemical commodities. Furthermore, they are major building blocks for the petrochemical industry. Each year, petroleum refining, consumes 4,500 TBtu/yr in separation energy, making it one of the most energy-intensive industries in the United States). Just considering liquefied petroleum gas (ethane/propane/butane) and olefins (ethylene and propylene) alone, the distillation energy consumption is about 400 TBtu/yr in the US. Since petroleum distillation is a mature technology, incremental improvements in column/tray design will only provide a few percent improvements in the performance. However, each percent saving in net energy use amounts to savings of 10 TBtu/yr and reduces CO{sub 2} emissions by 0.2 MTon/yr. In practice, distillation columns require 100 to 200 trays to achieve the desired separation. The height of a transfer unit (HTU) of conventional packings is typical in the range of 36-60 inch. Since 2006, we had explored using several non-selective membranes as the structured packings to replace the conventional packing materials used in propane and propylene distillation. We obtained the lowest HTU of 5 times shorter than that of the conventional packing materials. In 2008, we also investigated this type of packing materials in iso-/n-butane distillation. Because of a slightly larger relative volatility of iso-/n-butane than that of propane/propylene, a wider and a more stable operational range was obtained for the iso-/n-butane pair. However, all of the experiments were conducted on a small scale with flowrate of < 25 gram/min. Recently, we demonstrated this technology on a larger scale (<250 gram/min). Within the loading range of F-factor < 2.2 Pa{sup 0.5}, a pressure drop on the vapor side is below 50 mbar/m, which suggests that the pressure drop of hollow fibers packings is not an engineering barrier for the applications in distillations. The thermal stability study suggests that polypropylene hollow fibers are stable after a long time exposure to C{sub 2} - C{sub 4} mixtures. The effects of packing density on the separation efficiency will be discussed.

Yang, Dali [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Orler, Bruce [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tornga, Stephanie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Welch, Cindy [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

276

Dense Packings of Superdisks and the Role of Symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct the densest known two-dimensional packings of superdisks in the plane whose shapes are defined by |x^(2p) + y^(2p)| 0.5, with the circular-disk case p = 1) and concave-shaped particles (0 Donev, Torquato and Stillinger, J. Comput. Phys. 202 (2005) 737] suggest exact constructions of the densest known packings. We find that the packing density (covering fraction of the particles) increases dramatically as the particle shape moves away from the "circular-disk" point (p = 1). In particular, we find that the maximal packing densities of superdisks for certain p 6 = 1 are achieved by one of the two families of Bravais lattice packings, which provides additional numerical evidence for Minkowski's conjecture concerning the critical determinant of the region occupied by a superdisk. Moreover, our analysis on the generated packings reveals that the broken rotational symmetry of superdisks influences the packing characteristics in a non-trivial way. We also propose an analytical method to construct dense packings of concave superdisks based on our observations of the structural properties of packings of convex superdisks.

Y. Jiao; F. H. Stillinger; S. Torquato

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

277

State-of-the-art software for window energy-efficiency rating and labeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State andand Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State and

Arasteh, D.; Finlayson, E.; Huang, J.; Huizenga, C.; Mitchell, R.; Rubin, M.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Minimizing formation damage during gravel pack operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is described for minimizing formation damage caused by intrusive fluids prior to a gravel packing operation in loosely consolidated formations penetrated by at least one well. The method comprises: filling the casing of the well with an underbalanced completion fluid; placing within the well a removable packer capable of isolating the space between the casing and the formation from the downhole well pressure; setting through the packer a first tubing suitable for perforating and stabilizing the flow of fluids into the well; perforating the casing; and introducing a blocking agent into the formation via the perforations which agent upon solidification is sufficient to minimize formation damage by avoiding the introduction of formation fluids.

Jennings, A.R. Jr.

1987-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

279

Volatile Components from Packing Matrials, Rev. 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An outgassing study was conducted on five packing materials, comprising two experiments. These materials comprised 277-4 borated concrete, Borobond4 concrete, polyethylene bags, silica-filled silicone rubber seals, and silicone foam padding. The purpose was measure the volume of gases which diffuse from packaging materials when sealed in containers. Two heating profiles were used to study the offgassing quantities in a set of accelerated aging tests. It was determined that the concretes contain a large quantity of water. The plastic materials hold much less moisture, with the silicone materials even consuming water, possibly due to the presence of silica filler. Polyethylene tends to degrade as the temperature is elevated and the foam stiffens.

Smith, R. A.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Real time cross-layer adaptation for minimum energy wireless image transport using bit error rate control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In wireless multimedia systems, significant power is consumed in processing image/video content This research looks specifically at the energy cost of wireless image/video transport focusing on image quality as an end metric. The quality of received ... Keywords: PSNR values, real-time cross-layer adaptation, minimum-energy wireless image transport, bit error rate control, wireless multimedia systems, wireless image-video content processing, communication channel, image-video data compression, received signal quality, minimal RF energy consumption, optimization procedure, varying channel conditions, baseband signal, RF power amplifier, RF PA, optimal transmission bit error rate value, closed loop feedback control

J. Natarajan; S. Sen; A. Chatterjee

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Achieving real transparency : optimizing building energy ratings and disclosure in the U.S. residential sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residential energy efficiency in the U.S. has the potential to generate significant energy, carbon, and financial savings. Nonetheless, the market of home energy upgrades remains fragmented, and the number of homes being ...

Nadkarni, Nikhil S. (Nikhil Sunil)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

A DC CIRCUIT BREAKER FOR AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE BATTERY PACK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A DC CIRCUIT BREAKER FOR AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE BATTERY PACK Geoff Walker Dept of Computer Science vehicle battery packs require DC circuit breakers for safety. These must break thousands of Amps DC at hundreds of Volts. The Sunshark solar racing car has a 140V 17Ahr battery box which needs such a breaker

Walker, Geoff

283

Packed bed reactor for photochemical .sup.196 Hg isotope separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Straight tubes and randomly oriented pieces of tubing having been employed in a photochemical mercury enrichment reactor and have been found to improve the enrichment factor (E) and utilization (U) compared to a non-packed reactor. One preferred embodiment of this system uses a moving bed (via gravity) for random packing.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); Speer, Richard (Reading, MA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

A Genetic Approach for Two Dimensional Packing with Constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a new genetic algorithm based method is proposed for packing rectangular cargos of different sizes into a given loading area in a two dimensional framework. A novel penalty function method is proposed for checking the solution strings ... Keywords: genetic algorithm, penalty function, sentry point, two dimensional packing

Wee Sng Khoo; P. Saratchandran; N. Sundararajan

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Packing assembly for use in a plunger bore  

SciTech Connect

A packing assembly is described which is adapted to be installed in a machine, such as a pump, the machine having a housing with a plunger bore and a plunger therin to provide a fluid-tight seal for the machine. The assembly consists of: a packing gland which fastens into one end of the plunger bore; a packing gland spacer positioned adjacent to and in contact with the packing gland; a lubrication gland positioned adjacent to and in contact with the packing gland spacer; a separate stack of packing rings, which includes at least two packing rings, each ring in the stack has a front face defining a concave shape, a rear face defining a convex shape, and a groove, defining a concave shape, in the front face; a female adaptor ring positioned between the lubrication gland and the packing ring stack, the female adaptor ring has a front face with a concave shape, the concave shape defines an angle which substantially conforms to the angle defined by the convex shape of the rear face of the last packing ring in the stack, such that the front face of the female adaptor ring can seat firmly against the rear face of the last packing ring; a male-female adaptor ring positioned between two packing rings in the stack, the male-female adaptor ring has a front face and rear face, the rear face has a convex shape and an integral rib member defining a convex shape, on the rear face, and the front face has a concave shape; the convex shape of the rear face of the male-female adaptor ring defines an angle which substantially conforms to the angle defined by the concave shape of the front face of the last packing ring in the stack and the convex shape of the face of the last packing ring in the stack and the convex shape of the rib member substantially conforms to the concave shape of the groove in the front face of the last packing ring.

Cameron, D.C.; Cobb, H.V.; Winn, F.M.

1986-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

286

Novel Hybrid Monte Carlo/Deterministic Technique for Shutdown Dose Rate Analyses of Fusion Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect

The rigorous 2-step (R2S) method uses three-dimensional Monte Carlo transport simulations to calculate the shutdown dose rate (SDDR) in fusion reactors. Accurate full-scale R2S calculations are impractical in fusion reactors because they require calculating space- and energy-dependent neutron fluxes everywhere inside the reactor. The use of global Monte Carlo variance reduction techniques was suggested for accelerating the neutron transport calculation of the R2S method. The prohibitive computational costs of these approaches, which increase with the problem size and amount of shielding materials, inhibit their use in the accurate full-scale neutronics analyses of fusion reactors. This paper describes a novel hybrid Monte Carlo/deterministic technique that uses the Consistent Adjoint Driven Importance Sampling (CADIS) methodology but focuses on multi-step shielding calculations. The Multi-Step CADIS (MS-CADIS) method speeds up the Monte Carlo neutron calculation of the R2S method using an importance function that represents the importance of the neutrons to the final SDDR. Using a simplified example, preliminarily results showed that the use of MS-CADIS enhanced the efficiency of the neutron Monte Carlo simulation of an SDDR calculation by a factor of 550 compared to standard global variance reduction techniques, and that the increase over analog Monte Carlo is higher than 10,000.

Ibrahim, Ahmad M [ORNL; Peplow, Douglas E. [ORNL; Peterson, Joshua L [ORNL; Grove, Robert E [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Improving the density of jammed disordered packings using ellipsoids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Packing problems, such as how densely objects can fill a volume, are among the most ancient and persistent problems in mathematics and science. For equal spheres, it has only recently been proved that the face-centered cubic lattice has the highest possible packing fraction ? = ? / ? 18 ? 0.74. It is also well-known that certain random (amorphous) jammed packings have ? ? 0.64. Here we show experimentally and with a new simulation algorithm that ellipsoids can randomly pack more densely; up to ? = 0.68 ? 0.71 for spheroids with an aspect ratio close to that of M&M’S r?Candies, and even approach ? ? 0.74 for general ellipsoids. We suggest that the higher density is directly related to the higher number of degrees of freedom per particle and thus the larger number of particle contacts required to mechanically stabilize the packing. We support this by

Aleksandar Donev; Ibrahim Cisse; David Sachs; Evan A. Variano; Frank H. Stillinger; Robert Connelly; Salvatore Torquato; P. M. Chaikin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Unconsolidated sand grain shape, size impact frac-pack design  

SciTech Connect

The shape and size of sand grains, as well as the saturating fluid, influence the mechanical properties of unconsolidated sands and need to be considered in frac-pack design. These mechanical properties of unconsolidated properties of unconsolidated sands play an important role in determining the geometry of frac-pack treatments. Stress-strain curves obtained for unconsolidated sands at elevated stresses show highly nonlinear hysteretic behavior. The impact of these findings on frac-pack design can be significant. The nonlinear elastic properties of unconsolidated sand can give rise to some unique features in the pressure response and in the fracture geometry that may not be observed in hard rocks. This article focuses on the impact of mechanical properties of poorly consolidated and unconsolidated sands on the geometry of frac packs. The paper discusses frac packs, mechanical properties (Young`s modulus, shear failure) and effective treatments.

Wang, E.; Sharma, M.M. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

1997-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

289

Ring type dumped packing saving 30% on tower cost  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the packing problems of a flue gas processing plant that recovers 90,000 lb/hr of carbon dioxide for use in an enhanced oil recovery (EOR) project. A concentrated absorption solution was needed to keep the liquid circulation low, and a packing with low pressure drop and high effective surface area was needed to keep the fan horsepower and column size down and minimize the amount of CO/sub 2/ that slips through the column. The solution was to use a high concentration CO/sub 2/ recovery solvent and a proprietary ring type packing was used which gives 50% less pressure drop than conventional packing and provides high efficiency. Carbon steel packing rings were used except for two sections.

Wiggins, W.R. III; Hodel, A.E.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Sustainable energy for all. Technical report of task force 2 in support of doubling the global rate of energy efficiency improvement and doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030  

SciTech Connect

The UN Secretary General established the Sustainable Energy for All initiative in order to guide and support efforts to achieve universal access to modern energy, rapidly increase energy efficiency, and expand the use of renewable energies. Task forces were formed involving prominent energy leaders and experts from business, government, academia and civil society worldwide. The goal of the Task Forces is to inform the implementation of the initiative by identifying challenges and opportunities for achieving its objectives. This report contains the findings of Task Force Two which is dedicated energy efficiency and renewable energy objectives. The report shows that doubling the rate of energy efficiency improvements and doubling the share of energy from renewable sources by 2030 is challenging but feasible if sufficient actions are implemented. Strong and well-informed government policies as well as extensive private investment should focus on the high impact areas identified by the task force.

Nakicenovic, Nebojsa [International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis and Vienna University of Technology (Austria); Kammen, Daniel [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Jewell, Jessica [International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Austria)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

Dielectric Elastomers for Actuation and Energy Harvesting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy harvesting from a backpack instrumented with piezoelectricto harness mechanical energy. Piezoelectric materials haveEnergy harvesting through a back- pack employing a mechanically amplified piezoelectric

Brochu, Paul

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Influence of ion mixing on the energy dependence of the ion-assisted chemical etch rate in reactive plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, Stafford et al. [Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071502 (2005)] have shown that in contrast to the etch yield on a saturated surface, the ion-assisted chemical etch rate cannot universally be modeled by a simple square-root energy dependence. This results from the surface coverage by reactive neutral species being also a function of the ion energy. In this work, we further point out that depending on the plasma-material combination, the etch rate can exhibit two regimes that are characterized by different dependences on the ion energy. While these results are inconsistent with currently available models, we show that they can be interpreted by taking into account ion mixing effects on the desorption rate of volatile reaction products involved in the model of Stafford et al. Application of this rate model to the etching of Si, SiO{sub 2}, HfO{sub 2}, and ZrO{sub 2} in chlorine and fluorine plasma chemistries provides an excellent description of the simultaneous dependence of the etch rate on ion energy and on ion and reactive neutral fluxes.

Stafford, L.; Pearton, S. J.; Margot, J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Departement de Physique, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7 (Canada)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

EMPIRICAL DETERMINATION OF THE ENERGY LOSS RATE OF ACCELERATED ELECTRONS IN A WELL-OBSERVED SOLAR FLARE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present electron images of an extended solar flare source, deduced from RHESSI hard X-ray imaging spectroscopy data. We apply the electron continuity equation to these maps in order to determine empirically the form of the energy loss rate for the bremsstrahlung-emitting electrons. We show that this form is consistent with an energy transport model involving Coulomb collisions in a target with a temperature of about 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 7} K, with a continuous injection of fresh deka-keV electrons at a rate of approximately 10{sup -2} electrons s{sup -1} per ambient electron.

Torre, Gabriele; Pinamonti, Nicola; Guo, Jingnan; Piana, Michele [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Genova, Genova, via Dodecaneso 35, 16146 Genova (Italy); Emslie, A. Gordon [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY 42101 (United States); Massone, Anna Maria, E-mail: torre@dima.unige.it, E-mail: pinamont@dima.unige.it, E-mail: guo@pitagora.dima.unige.it, E-mail: piana@dima.unige.it, E-mail: emslieg@wku.edu, E-mail: annamaria.massone@cnr.it [CNR-SPIN, Via Dodecaneso 33, I-16146 Genova (Italy)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Guidelines for Energy Cost Savings Resulting from Tracking and Monitoring Electrical nad Natural Gas Usage, Cost, and Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses how improved energy information in schools and hospitals from tracking and monitoring electrical and natural gas usage, cost, and optional rate structures, can reduce energy costs. Recommendations, methods, and guidelines for monitoring and tracking of utilities are provided. These recommendations, methods, and guidelines are the result of on-site work for schools and hospitals . Recently completed energy usage survey and observations of several hospitals in Texas are included. Opportunities exist for schools, hospitals, and other buildings t o achieve significant dollar savings by good utility management. Understanding utility rate structures is essential for minimizing energy costs. The authors' data is for Texas schools and hospitals, but the principles presented apply to other geographic areas.

McClure, J. D.; Estes, M. C.; Estes, J. M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The TDF System for Thermonuclear Plasma Reaction Rates, Mean Energies and Two-Body Final State Particle Spectra  

SciTech Connect

The rate of thermonuclear reactions in hot plasmas as a function of local plasma temperature determines the way in which thermonuclear ignition and burning proceeds in the plasma. The conventional model approach to calculating these rates is to assume that the reacting nuclei in the plasma are in Maxwellian equilibrium at some well-defined plasma temperature, over which the statistical average of the reaction rate quantity {sigma}v is calculated, where {sigma} is the cross-section for the reaction to proceed at the relative velocity v between the reacting particles. This approach is well-understood and is the basis for much nuclear fusion and astrophysical nuclear reaction rate data. The Thermonuclear Data File (TDF) system developed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Warshaw 1991), which is the topic of this report, contains data on the Maxwellian-averaged thermonuclear reaction rates for various light nuclear reactions and the correspondingly Maxwellian-averaged energy spectra of the particles in the final state of those reactions as well. This spectral information closely models the output particle and energy distributions in a burning plasma, and therefore leads to more accurate computational treatments of thermonuclear burn, output particle energy deposition and diagnostics, in various contexts. In this report we review and derive the theoretical basis for calculating Maxwellian-averaged thermonuclear reaction rates, mean particle energies, and output particle spectral energy distributions for these reactions in the TDF system. The treatment of the kinematics is non-relativistic. The current version of the TDF system provides exit particle energy spectrum distributions for two-body final state reactions only. In a future report we will discuss and describe how output particle energy spectra for three- and four-body final states can be developed for the TDF system. We also include in this report a description of the algorithmic implementation of the TDF system, which is in two parts: the code which generates the data file itself from the nuclear reaction cross-sections, and the lookup utilities (bundled in a Fortran 77 subroutine library) which are used to retrieve the appropriate thermonuclear data from the file on demand. Unique approaches to generating, retrieving and looking up the data that were developed will be described in some detail. These developments resulted in an unusually compact data file which can be quickly generated, and from which an enormous amount of thermonuclear reaction rate, output particle energy and particle energy spectrum data can be rapidly retrieved. It is this compactness, speed and relative platform independence that distinguishes the LLNL TDF system from others.

Warshaw, S I

2001-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

296

An Energy Signature Scheme for Steam Trap Assessment and Flow Rate Estimation Using Pipe-Induced Acoustic Measurements  

SciTech Connect

The US Congress has passed legislation dictating that all government agencies establish a plan and process for improving energy efficiencies at their sites. In response to this legislation, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has recently conducted a pilot study to explore the deployment of a wireless sensor system for a real-time measurement-based energy efficiency optimization framework within the steam distribution system within the ORNL campus. We make assessments on the real-time status of the distribution system by observing the state measurements of acoustic sensors mounted on the steam pipes/traps/valves. In this paper, we describe a spectral-based energy signature scheme that interprets acoustic vibration sensor data to estimate steam flow rates and assess steam traps health status. Experimental results show that the energy signature scheme has the potential to identify different steam trap health status and it has sufficient sensitivity to estimate steam flow rate. Moreover, results indicate a nearly quadratic relationship over the test region between the overall energy signature factor and flow rate in the pipe. The analysis based on estimated steam flow and steam trap status helps generate alerts that enable operators and maintenance personnel to take remedial action. The goal is to achieve significant energy-saving in steam lines by monitoring and acting on leaking steam pipes/traps/valves.

Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL; Allgood, Glenn O [ORNL; Kuruganti, Phani Teja [ORNL; Lake, Joe E [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Influence of Particle Size Distribution on Random Close Packing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The densest amorphous packing of rigid particles is known as random close packing. It has long been appreciated that higher densities are achieved by using collections of particles with a variety of sizes. The variety of sizes is often quantified by the polydispersity of the particle size distribution: the standard deviation of the radius divided by the mean radius. Several prior studies quantified the increase of the packing density as a function of polydispersity. Of course, a particle size distribution is also characterized by its skewness, kurtosis, and higher moments, but the influence of these parameters has not been carefully quantified before. In this work, we numerically generate many packings with different particle radii distributions, varying polydispersity and skewness independently of one another. We find two significant results. First, the skewness can have a significant effect on the packing density and in some cases can have a larger effect than polydispersity. Second, the packing fraction is relatively insensitive to the value of the kurtosis. We present a simple empirical formula for the value of the random close packing density as a function of polydispersity and skewness.

Kenneth W. Desmond; Eric R. Weeks

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

298

INDOOR AIR QUALITY AND ENERGY EFFICIENT VENTILATION RATES AT A NEW YORK CITY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inorganic pollutants: carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide,odor perception, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulfurkeywords; pollution, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, energy

Young, Rodger A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

REP-Rated Target Injection for Inertial Fusion Energy (A24820)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fusion Sci. And Technol. 47, 1143 (2005)16th Topical Meeting on Technology Fusion Energy Madison Wisconsin, US, 2004999609950

Frey, D.T.

2004-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

300

Energy Policy Act Transportation Study: Interim Report on Natural Gas Flows and Rates  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report, summarized data and studies that could be used to address the impact of legislative and regulatory actions on natural gas transportation rates and flow patterns.

Information Center

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Saving Energy and Improving TCP Throughput with Rate Adaptation in Ethernet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

traffic due to the effect of packet pacing. Index Terms--power consumption, link rate adaptation, packet. In addition, some interfaces can be configured to intentionally negotiate a lower data rate to save power [4 to good power savings but may be unsuitable for some systems or traffic patterns where transitions

Shenoy, Prashant

302

Impact of Utility Rates on PV Economics - Digital Appendix | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Impact of Utility Rates on PV Economics - Digital Appendix Impact of Utility Rates on PV Economics - Digital Appendix Jump to: navigation, search Welcome to the Digital Appendix for The Impacts of Utility Rates and Building Type on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems. This digital appendix contains supplement material for the NREL technical report, The Impacts of Utility Rates and Building Type on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems. Detailed results for each building type, location, and rate structure are provided in this appendix. Users may browse either by building type, or location using one of the two links in the "Detailed Charts and Data" section. Summary tables are also provided for reference. Summary Results Tables The summary tables provide overview results for all locations and building

303

Nanostructure and Nanomechanics of Cement: Polydisperse Colloidal Packing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cement setting and cohesion are governed by the precipitation and growth of calcium-silicate-hydrate, through a complex evolution of microstructure. A colloidal model to describe nucleation, packing, and rigidity of ...

Masoero, Enrico

304

Frac packs: A specialty option or primary completion technique?  

SciTech Connect

High permeability fracture treatments have taken place at Alaska`s North Slope, in the North Sea, and most recently, in the unconsolidated Miocene formations of the Gulf of Mexico -- where gravel pack completions have historically been used to prevent sand production. In the Gulf of Mexico, attempts were made as early as the mid-1960s to hydraulically fracture sands. However, some of these early treatments failed because of improper techniques, poor candidate selection and lack of understanding of rock property mechanics. Recent developments in fracturing technology, and the use of this technology to fracture through damage has achieved more favorable results than gravel packing and sandstone acidizing, and has led to widespread use of these fracture treatments. The procedure for fracturing high permeability formations is called frac packing. These frac pack treatments are typically used to remove near-wellbore damage that occurs from drilling and completion operations.

NONE

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Investigation on Operating Characteristics of Individual Cell among Battery Pack.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Due to the discrepancy among series-connected cells in a lead-acid battery pack, the restored capacities may not be the same during the charging/discharging processes. Through… (more)

Chen, Wen-Chih

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

A hybrid heuristic algorithm for the rectangular packing problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid heuristic algorithm for the two-dimensional rectangular packing problem is presented. This algorithm is mainly based on divide-and-conquer and greedy strategies. The computational results on a class of benchmark problems have shown that the ...

Defu Zhang; Ansheng Deng; Yan Kang

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Lawrence Pack, train conductor, and Y-12s uranium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lawrence Pack, train conductor, and Y-12's uranium? Trains were the primary means of long haul transportation in the 1940's. Many trains brought building materials to Y-12 and...

308

Arbitrary Convex and Concave Rectilinear Module Packing Using TCG  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we deal with arbitrary convex and concave rectilinearmodule packing using the Transitive Closure Graph (TCG) representation.The geometric meanings of modules are transparent to TCG and itsinduced operations, which makes TCG an ideal representation ...

J. Lin; H. Chen; Y. Chang

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Impacts of increased outdoor air flow rates on annual HVAC energy costs in office environment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The use of different ventilation systems has an important impact on the energy cost of office buildings. This paper examines the relationship between heating and… (more)

Destrez, Adrien

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Instruction Packing for a 32-bit Stack-Based Processor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract- This work proposed a design and development of a 32-bit stack-based processor for embedded systems. A reference processor has a 32-bit stack-based instruction set. This work proposed a technique of instruction packing which packs several instructions into one 32-bit instruction unit. Therefore, the instruction size is reduced. The result of the experiment shows that the proposed technique achieves around 30 % reduction in code size.

Witcharat Lertteerawattana; Tanes Jedsadawaranon; Prabhas Chongstitvatana

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Compilation of COG Packing Reports 2002-2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under a technical exchange agreement, EPRI has obtained several reports documenting research conducted by the Candu Owners Group (COG). This report presents a compilation of COG reports documenting research conducted in 20022003 to investigate the frictional performance characteristics of several valve packing materials that contain Teflon (PTFE). The testing conducted by the COG includes the effects of previous ionizing radiation exposure on the frictional performance of these packing materials

2006-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

312

Shock-Induced Flows through Packed Beds: Transient Regimes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The early stage of the transient regimes in the shock-induced flows within solid-packed beds are investigated in the linear longwave and high-frequency approximation. The transient resistance law is refined as the Duhameltime integral that follows from the general concept of dynamic tortuosity and compressibility of the packed beds. A closed-form solution is expected to describe accurately the early stage of the transient regime flow and is in qualitative agreement with available experimental data.

Yuri M. Shtemler; Isaac R. Shreiber; Alex Britan

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

313

Effects of parasites on host energy expenditure: the resting metabolic rate stalemate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of feeding immature Karoo paralysis ticks Ixodes rubicundus (Acari: Ixodidae) on the metabolic rate Thomas and Schwann, 1906) Karoo paralysis tick (Ixodes rubicundus) 6 6 ­0.88 0.37 ­17.98 Kristan

314

OpenEI/PageKeyword Utility Rate Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon OpenEIPageKeyword Utility Rate Database Jump to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEI...

315

Net Energy Dissipation Rates in the Tropical Ocean and ENSO Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How unstable is the tropical ocean–atmosphere system? Are two successive El Niño events independent, or are they part of a continual (perhaps weakly damped) cycle sustained by random atmospheric disturbances? How important is energy dissipation ...

Alexey V. Fedorov

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Category:Utility Rate Impacts on PV Economics By Location | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Impacts on PV Economics By Location Utility Rate Impacts on PV Economics By Location Jump to: navigation, search Impact of Utility Rates on PV Economics Montgomery, AL Little Rock, AR Flagstaff, AZ Phoenix, AZ Tucson, AZ Arcata, CA LA, CA San Francisco, CA Boulder, CO Eagle County, CO Pueblo, CO Bridgeport, CT Wilmington, DE Miami, FL Tampa, FL Atlanta, GA Savannah, GA Des Moines, IA Mason, IA Boise, ID Chicago, IL Springfield, IL Indianapolis, IN Goodland, KS Wichita, KS Lexington, KY New Orleans, LA Shreveport, LA Boston, MA Baltimore, MD Caribou, ME Portland, ME Detroit, MI Houghton-Lake, MI Traverse City, MI International Falls, MN Minneapolis, MN Kansas City, MO Jackson, MS Billings, MT Greensboro, NC Wilmington, NC Bismarck, ND Minot, ND Omaha, NE Concord, NH Atlantic City, NJ Albuquerque, NM Las Vegas, NV Reno, NV New York, NY

317

The rate schedule below was approved on a final basis by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on March 17, 2000, for the p  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CM-1-H Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to the South Mississippi Electric Power Association, Municipal Energy Agency of Mississippi, and Mississippi Delta Energy Agency (hereinafter called the Customers). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and sold in wholesale quantities. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating

318

Exclusive measurements of b?s? transition rate and photon energy spectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use 429??fb[superscript -1] of e[superscript +]e[superscript -] collision data collected at the ?(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector to measure the radiative transition rate of b?s? with a sum of 38 exclusive final ...

Dujmic, Denis

319

Sum-Rate Optimal Power Policies for Energy Harvesting Transmitters in an Interference Channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper considers a two-user Gaussian interference channel with energy harvesting transmitters. Different than conventional battery powered wireless nodes, energy harvesting transmitters have to adapt transmission to availability of energy at a particular instant. In this setting, the optimal power allocation problem to maximize sum throughput within a given deadline is formulated. The convergence of the proposed iterative coordinate descent method for the problem is proved and the short-term throughput maximizing offline power allocation policy is found. Examples for interference regions with known sum capacities are given with directional water-filling interpretations when possible. Next, stochastic data arrivals are addressed. Finally online and/or distributed near-optimal policies are proposed. Performance of the proposed algorithms are demonstrated through simulations.

Tutuncuoglu, Kaya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Changing ventilation rates in U.S. offices: Implications for health, work performance, energy, and associated economics  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides quantitative estimates of benefits and costs of providing different amounts of outdoor air ventilation in U.S. offices. For four scenarios that modify ventilation rates, we estimated changes in sick building syndrome (SBS) symptoms, work performance, short-term absence, and building energy consumption. The estimated annual economic benefits were $13 billion from increasing minimum ventilation rates (VRs) from 8 to 10 L/s per person, $38 billion from increasing minimum VRs from 8 to 15 L/s per person, and $33 billion from increasing VRs by adding outdoor air economizers for the 50% of the office floor area that currently lacks economizers. The estimated $0.04 billion in annual energy-related benefits of decreasing minimum VRs from 8 to 6.5 L/s per person are very small compared to the projected annual costs of $12 billion. Benefits of increasing minimum VRs far exceeded energy costs while adding economizers yielded health, performance, and absence benefits with energy savings.

Fisk, William; Black, Douglas; Brunner, Gregory

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Down hole packing gland and method for long stroke pumper  

SciTech Connect

A packing gland is positioned down within an oil well hole and is held in place by elastomeric sealing and locking devices which are actuated from above the hole through a torque tube. Rotation of the torque tube in one direction lowers the tube axially relative to the elastomers and causes them to expand radially thus locking and sealing the stuffing gland assembly in the well head equipment at a depth of about 100 feet below the ground surface. Counter rotation of the torque tube allows the elastomers to retract radially thus releasing the stuffing gland assembly. Once the stuffing gland assembly is released, a union joint assembly is moved downward relative to the stuffing gland assembly and a unique spring ring slides over a cylindrical boss on the packing gland assembly to couple the union joint assembly with the packing gland assembly. The packing gland assembly then is raised above the ground surface simultaneously with lifting the polish rod from the hole. A drain port is provided between the elastomer locking and sealing devices to provide a flow passage back into the well when the packing gland is removed allowing the portion of the casing housing the wire rope to drain dry.

Hollenbeck, A.L.; De Tuerk, A.V.; Cooper, J.T.

1978-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

322

Energy Policy Act transportation rate study: Interim report on coal transportation  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of this report is to examine changes in domestic coal distribution and railroad coal transportation rates since enactment of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA90). From 1988 through 1993, the demand for low-sulfur coal increased, as a the 1995 deadline for compliance with Phase 1 of CAAA90 approached. The shift toward low-sulfur coal came sooner than had been generally expected because many electric utilities switched early from high-sulfur coal to ``compliance`` (very low-sulfur) coal. They did so to accumulate emissions allowances that could be used to meet the stricter Phase 2 requirements. Thus, the demand for compliance coal increased the most. The report describes coal distribution and sulfur content, railroad coal transportation and transportation rates, and electric utility contract coal transportation trends from 1979 to 1993 including national trends, regional comparisons, distribution patterns and regional profiles. 14 figs., 76 tabs.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/TOUWeekendSchedule | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TOUWeekendSchedule TOUWeekendSchedule Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Text. Name: TOU Weekend Schedule Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/TOUWeekendSchedule" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 000086db-7a5e-4356-9c57-c912f7d1622e + 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111

324

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/TOUWeekdaySchedule | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TOUWeekdaySchedule TOUWeekdaySchedule Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Text. Name: TOU Weekday Schedule Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/TOUWeekdaySchedule" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 000086db-7a5e-4356-9c57-c912f7d1622e + 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111

325

California Federal Facilities: Rate-Responsive Buidling Operating for Deeper Cost and Energy Savings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rouggly, energy manager at SSA's Frank Hagel Federal Building in Richmond Rouggly, energy manager at SSA's Frank Hagel Federal Building in Richmond California, reports that the facility garnered $35,000 in credits in 2011 on PG&E's Peak Day Pricing (PDP) tariff. "Frankly I was stunned! It's getting a lot of positive attention with our management," said Rouggly. "We were able to drop 400 kW by pre-cooling the building and shutting down one chiller during peak events. We also turned off 2 of our 8 elevators and reduced lighting in corridors to emergency levels. We got about $100 per day just for being on the program, but the big credits we earned were for trimming demand and reducing kWh during peak events." Rouggly plans to increase curtailment efforts further this summer. Dynamic pricing electricity tariffs,

326

Upgrade energy building standards and develop rating system for existing low-income housing  

SciTech Connect

The city of Memphis Division of Housing and Community Development (HCD) receives grant funding each year from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to provide local housing assistance to low-income residents. Through the years, HCD has found that many of the program recipients have had difficulty in managing their households, particularly in meeting monthly financial obligations. One of the major operating costs to low-income households is the utility bill. Furthermore, HCD`s experience has revealed that many low-income residents are simply unaware of ways to reduce their utility bill. Most of the HCD funds are distributed to low-income persons as grants or no/low interest loans for the construction or rehabilitation of single-family dwellings. With these funds, HCD builds 80 to 100 new houses and renovates about 500 homes each year. Houses constructed or renovated by HCD must meet HUD`s minimum energy efficiency standards. While these minimum standards are more than adequate to meet local building codes, they are not as aggressive as the energy efficiency standards being promoted by the national utility organizations and the home building industry. Memphis Light, Gas and Water (MLGW), a city-owned utility, has developed an award-winning program named Comfort Plus which promotes energy efficiency{open_quote} in new residential construction. Under Comfort Plus, MLGW models house plans on computer for a fee and recommends cost-effective alterations which improve the energy efficiency of the house. If the builder agrees to include these recommendations, MLGW will certify the house and guarantee a maximum annual heating/cooling bill for two years. While the Comfort Plus program has received recognition in the new construction market, it does not address the existing housing stock.

Muller, D.; Norville, C. [Memphis and Shelby County Div. of Planning and Development, TN (United States)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Report on the study of the tax and rate treatment of renewable energy projects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study was conducted in response to the requirements of Section 1205 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT), which states: The Secretary (of Energy), in conjunction with State regulatory commissions, shall undertake a study to determine if conventional taxation and ratemaking procedures result in economic barriers to or incentives for renewable energy power plants compared to conventional power plants. The purpose of the study, therefore, is not to compare the cost-effectiveness of different types of renewable and conventional electric generating plants. Rather, it is to determine the relative impact of conventional ratemaking and taxation procedures on the selection of renewable power plants compared to conventional ones. To make this determination, we quantify the technical and financial parameters of renewable and conventional electric generating technologies, and hold them fixed throughout the study. Then, we vary taxation and ratemaking procedures to determine their effects on the financial criteria that investor-owned electric utilities (IOUs) and nonutility electricity generators (NUGs) use to make technology-adoption decisions. In the planning process of a typical utility, the opposite is usually the case. That is, utilities typically hold ratemaking and taxation procedures constant and look for the least-cost mix of resources, varying the values of engineering and financial parameters of generating plants in the process.

Hadley, S.W.; Hill, L.J.; Perlack, R.D.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Fluid loss to formation stopped prior to gravel packing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Union Texas Petroleum has combined special techniques in offshore Louisiana gravel-packing operations to combat severe fluid loss that had jeopardized previous gravel-packed completions. By using an annulus pressure-controlled circulation valve and a crosslinked polymer gelled block, Union Texas was able to totally halt loss of fluid to a formation that had an 1,835-psi overbalanced (the hydrostatic pressure of well fluid in the treating string-to-casing annulus exceeded formation pressure by 1,835 psi). The pressure-controlled valve permitted process control without pipe movement, and the gelled block prevented fluid loss to the formation while the gravel pack was being installed. The well was perforated underbalanced, using tubing-conveyed guns, for perforation cleanup.

Quarnstrom, T.F. (Union Texas Petroleum, Houston, TX (US)); Cavender, T.W.; Shelton, G. (Vann Systems Houston, TX (US))

1989-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

329

Hydrogen gettering packing material, and process for making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydrogen gettering system for a sealed container is disclosed comprising packing material for use within the sealed container, and a coating film containing hydrogen gettering material on at least a portion of the surface of such packing material. The coating film containing the hydrogen gettering material comprises a mixture of one or more organic materials capable of reacting with hydrogen and one or more catalysts capable of catalyzing the reaction of hydrogen with such one or more organic materials. The mixture of one or more organic materials capable of reacting with hydrogen and the one or more catalysts is dispersed in a suitable carrier which preferably is a curable film-forming material. In a preferred embodiment, the packing material comprises a foam material which is compatible with the coating film containing hydrogen gettering material thereon.

LeMay, James D. (Castro Valley, CA); Thompson, Lisa M. (Knoxville, TN); Smith, Henry Michael (Overland Park, KS); Schicker, James R. (Lee' s Summit, MO)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Hydrogen gettering packing material and process for making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydrogen gettering system for a sealed container is disclosed comprising packing material for use within the sealed container, and a coating film containing hydrogen gettering material on at least a portion of the surface of such packing material. The coating film containing the hydrogen gettering material comprises a mixture of one or more organic materials capable of reacting with hydrogen and one or more catalysts capable of catalyzing the reaction of hydrogen with such one or more organic materials. The mixture of one or more organic materials capable of reacting with hydrogen and the one or more catalysts is dispersed in a suitable carrier which preferably is a curable film-forming material. In a preferred embodiment, the packing material comprises a foam material which is compatible with the coating film containing hydrogen gettering material thereon.

LeMay, James D.; Thompson, Lisa M.; Smith, Henry Michael; Schicker, James R.

1999-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

331

Packing hyperspheres in high-dimensional Euclidean spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a study of disordered jammed hard-sphere packings in four-, five-, and six-dimensional Euclidean spaces. Using a collision-driven packing generation algorithm, we obtain the first estimates for the packing fractions of the maximally random jammed ?MRJ ? states for space dimensions d=4, 5, and 6 to be ? MRJ?0.46, 0.31, and 0.20, respectively. To a good approximation, the MRJ density obeys the scaling form ? MRJ=c 1/2 d +?c 2d?/2 d, where c 1=?2.72 and c 2=2.56, which appears to be consistent with the highdimensional asymptotic limit, albeit with different coefficients. Calculations of the pair correlation function g 2?r ? and structure factor S?k ? for these states show that short-range ordering appreciably decreases with increasing dimension, consistent with a recently proposed “decorrelation principle, ” which, among other things, states that unconstrained correlations diminish as the dimension increases and vanish entirely in the limit d??. As in three dimensions ?where ? MRJ?0.64?, the packings show no signs of crystallization, are isostatic, and have a power-law divergence in g 2?r ? at contact with power-law exponent ?0.4. Across dimensions, the cumulative number of neighbors equals the kissing number of the conjectured densest packing close to where g 2?r ? has its first minimum. Additionally, we obtain estimates for the freezing and melting packing fractions for the equilibrium hard-sphere fluid-solid transition, ? F?0.32 and ? M ?0.39, respectively, for d=4, and ? F?0.20 and ? M ?0.25, respectively, for d=5. Although our results indicate the stable phase at high

Monica Skoge; Ar Donev; Frank H. Stillinger; Salvatore Torquato

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Fort Devens: Cold Climate, Energy-Efficient, Market-Rate Townhomes  

SciTech Connect

In 2009, Mass Development issued an RFQ and subsequent RFP for teams to develop moderately priced high-efficiency homes on two sites within the Devens Regional Enterprise Zone. MassDevelopment, a Massachusetts agency that owns the Devens site (formerly Fort Devens Army Base, in Harvard, Massachusetts), set a goal of producing a replicable example of current and innovative sustainable building practices with a near-zero energy potential. Metric Development, as primary developer and construction manager, formed one of the successful teams that included CARB and Cambridge Seven Architects (C7A).

Zoeller, W.; Slattery, M.; Grab, J.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth8 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth8 Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. The allowed values for this property are: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth8" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 1 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 1 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1 + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 1 + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 1 + 00178d3d-17cb-46ed-8a58-24c816ddce96 + 1 + 001d1952-955c-411b-8ce4-3d146852a75e + 1 + 001ea8be-7a59-4bcb-a923-e8f1015946ee + 1 + 001eaca9-6ce7-4c0f-8578-44fc29654e97 + 1 + 0022e9a5-942c-4e97-94d7-600f5d315ce8 + 1 +

334

Rate schedule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Firm Power Service Provided by Rate/Charges Firm Power Service Provided by Rate/Charges Rate/Charges Effective Through (or until superceded) Firm Sales (SLIP-F9) Composite Rate SLIP 29.62 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Demand Charge SLIP $5.18/kW-month 9/30/2015 Energy Charge SLIP 12.19 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Cost Recovery Charge (CRC) SLIP 0 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Transmission Service Provided by Current Rates effective10/12 - 9/15 (or until superceded) Rate Schedule Effective Through Firm Point-to-Point Transmission (SP-PTP7) CRSP $1.14 per kW-month $13.69/kW-year $0.00156/kW-hour $0.04/kW-day $0.26/kW-week 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Network Integration Transmission (SP-NW3) CRSP see rate schedule 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Non-Firm Point-to-Point Transmission (SP-NFT6) CRSP see rate schedule 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Ancillary Services Provided by Rate Rate Schedule

335

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandChargePeriod2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandChargePeriod2" Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandChargePeriod2" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0044fc17-f119-47eb-ae5d-0f489e09b203 + 12.94 + 0070a37f-0d41-4331-8115-df40c62e00f3 + 3.49 + 00cdded9-47a1-49b6-a217-10941ffbefc6 + 10.865 + 00fb7dca-d0a6-4b11-b7de-791c2fb9f2e1 + 8.15 + 00ff280d-1664-4b09-979b-5ee1e370b704 + 0.26 + 018673f0-093a-4a53-869d-3ac77d260efb + 0 + 01dd3bae-411e-40ee-b067-b2a0430baba3 + 6.75 + 01f6f9b2-3658-45e2-aa3e-f7afaf9b481d + 17.96 + 024ac306-1e30-4870-94f8-ef12908abe23 + 16.89 + 0253037f-3371-4224-b225-523d48a5e4c8 + 0.0267 + 02f09bc0-ae05-47af-a5ec-0074226c199b + 4.03 + 0385ea12-8fa5-45aa-8fc9-05df0358cd07 + 23.65 + 05146a64-a5a4-4271-a5ad-cb3a9a1e9345 + 33.94 + 05490683-8158-4d2f-ad96-66d5e4980890 + 0 +

336

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandChargePeriod5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandChargePeriod5" Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandChargePeriod5" Showing 25 pages using this property. 0 0934dd86-7cbe-437a-8cc5-47f469d3a745 + 8.516 + 0cbf0ab5-6819-42a2-bec6-1474dedf49c7 + 12.05 + 1 15d745ce-504b-4b58-8398-bd0feecd6cd3 + 12.08 + 16c96f08-175e-4914-b959-38a16682f377 + 12.178 + 1f892ab7-b5e8-4c7d-9e3d-d8fd46472ccc + 1.66 + 2 243d213c-25ea-4709-b421-6ff602b22d53 + 11.89 + 3 3436a635-b3b2-43a5-93ea-e0df37ef26c0 + 15.42 + 37ba48cd-8228-413b-b67c-8924492a64ce + 12.34 + 4 479553d6-3efc-4773-88d7-7c87804c0a65 + 0.27 + 4bc8edda-d0e1-40ee-aac2-c2b32603a6b4 + 0.408 + 4d4a192d-b047-4a30-b719-27b28886d52b + 0 + 6 6431b6d0-4fce-4b94-ac92-b8e1634e144f + 1.66 + 9 98c27d12-986e-49f2-bba0-c6a507f49195 + 13.1 + A A8443e10-6622-42f0-ad0b-5dbf429bf993 + 11.778 +

337

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/EndDate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EndDate EndDate Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Date. Name: End Date Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: 1 Data:1be26ba6-8ade-4326-ba5a-3d3d2c018a57 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/EndDate" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0040547f-b53d-4f32-9d99-4332fa248212 + 20 June 2012 + 0043b3de-5af2-4e22-81dc-0b5970af00a8 + 14 May 2014 + 00600334-b991-4883-b549-e6482dd21f02 + 30 September 2012 + 013319c0-4652-4e81-af0b-98dc9628c4aa + 30 September 2013 + 01ab2ed6-82b0-431e-bb72-800dd8ab3cbe + 30 September 2013 + 01dd3bae-411e-40ee-b067-b2a0430baba3 + 20 March 2013 + 0220efd9-0912-4a8c-bb85-36bb6acae860 + 10 July 2012 + 039a3e5e-2f58-41c1-aaa7-a50d3f42fa0e + 30 June 2012 +

338

DEFORMATION MODES OF PACKINGS OF FRICTIONLESS POLYDISPERSE SPHERES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 DEFORMATION MODES OF PACKINGS OF FRICTIONLESS POLYDISPERSE SPHERES O. I. IMOLE, N. KUMAR, AND S as a function of volume fraction are reported for both uniaxial and deviatoric deformation modes. Our findings, and pressure (isotropic stress) are reported as function of volume fraction and isotropic strain, while

Luding, Stefan

339

Packed rod neutron shield for fast nuclear reactors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fast neutron nuclear reactor including a core and a plurality of vertically oriented neutron shield assemblies surrounding the core. Each assembly includes closely packed cylindrical rods within a polygonal metallic duct. The shield assemblies are less susceptible to thermal stresses and are less massive than solid shield assemblies, and are cooled by liquid coolant flow through interstices among the rods and duct.

Eck, John E. (Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, PA); Kasberg, Alvin H. (Murrysville, PA)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Smart-Grid electricity allocation via strip packing with slicing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One advantage of smart grids is that they can reduce the peak load by distributing electricity-demands over multiple short intervals. Finding a schedule that minimizes the peak load corresponds to a variant of a strip packing problem. Normally, for strip ...

Soroush Alamdari, Therese Biedl, Timothy M. Chan, Elyot Grant, Krishnam Raju Jampani, Srinivasan Keshav, Anna Lubiw, Vinayak Pathak

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FlatDemandMonth5 FlatDemandMonth5 Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. The allowed values for this property are: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth5" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 1 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 1 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1 + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 1 + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 1 + 00178d3d-17cb-46ed-8a58-24c816ddce96 + 1 + 001d1952-955c-411b-8ce4-3d146852a75e + 1 + 001ea8be-7a59-4bcb-a923-e8f1015946ee + 1 + 001eaca9-6ce7-4c0f-8578-44fc29654e97 + 1 + 0022e9a5-942c-4e97-94d7-600f5d315ce8 + 1 + 002661b8-2e71-48b8-b657-44ff7372f757 + 1 + 0026b4d3-dd02-4423-95e1-56430d887b28 + 1 +

342

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth1 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fixed Demand Charge Month 1 Fixed Demand Charge Month 1 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth1" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 7 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1.71 + 0030a241-5084-4404-9fe4-ed558aad8b59 + 8.28 + 0049111b-fba2-46ba-827d-7ce95609a1d9 + 9.51 + 0055db46-f535-4dc9-a192-920d1bdf382b + 3.2 + 0070a37f-0d41-4331-8115-df40c62e00f3 + 13.24 + 007f7b1f-0cba-450c-9023-df962aa387a4 + 5.28 + 008960d4-14ad-4822-b293-140640cf0bcf + 4.924 + 00cdded9-47a1-49b6-a217-10941ffbefc6 + 1.468 + 00e0b930-90c6-43c2-971a-91dade33f76a + 3.35 + 010f37ad-90a9-4aa8-bbdf-c55e72ee1495 + 4.74 + 017a32a0-140a-4e0b-a10c-f6f67905829c + 4.5 + 019941c8-cc3b-452c-b12e-201301099603 + 11.95 +

343

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandReactivePowerCharge | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DemandReactivePowerCharge DemandReactivePowerCharge Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandReactivePowerCharge" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 00b7ccdc-c7e0-40d2-907f-acb6ae828292 + 0.25 + 00e0b930-90c6-43c2-971a-91dade33f76a + 0.32 + 00e2a43f-6844-417a-b459-edf32d33b051 + 0.0092 + 00fb7dca-d0a6-4b11-b7de-791c2fb9f2e1 + 2.7 + 01a64840-7edc-4193-8073-ed5604e098ca + 0.83 + 035f3d22-3650-47cc-a427-bb35170db128 + 0.3 + 042f06f4-6a5b-424f-a31f-8e1c5a838700 + 0.27 + 0479cd85-894d-412b-b2ce-3b96912e9014 + 0.2 + 04bab597-fe1e-4507-8d90-144980aeba73 + 0.3 + 05211bd7-b6d3-425c-9f96-0845b7828c3c + 0.27 + 052fbe23-ac02-4195-b76d-e572cc53f669 + 0.68 + 05490683-8158-4d2f-ad96-66d5e4980890 + 0.25 +

344

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth11 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name: Fixed Demand Charge Month 11 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth11" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 7 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1.71 + 0030a241-5084-4404-9fe4-ed558aad8b59 + 8.28 + 0049111b-fba2-46ba-827d-7ce95609a1d9 + 9.51 + 0055db46-f535-4dc9-a192-920d1bdf382b + 3.2 + 0070a37f-0d41-4331-8115-df40c62e00f3 + 13.24 + 007f7b1f-0cba-450c-9023-df962aa387a4 + 5.28 + 008960d4-14ad-4822-b293-140640cf0bcf + 4.924 + 00cdded9-47a1-49b6-a217-10941ffbefc6 + 1.468 + 00e0b930-90c6-43c2-971a-91dade33f76a + 3.35 + 010f37ad-90a9-4aa8-bbdf-c55e72ee1495 + 4.74 + 017a32a0-140a-4e0b-a10c-f6f67905829c + 4.5 + 019941c8-cc3b-452c-b12e-201301099603 + 11.95 +

345

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth12 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name: Fixed Demand Charge Month 12 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth12" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 7 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1.71 + 0030a241-5084-4404-9fe4-ed558aad8b59 + 8.28 + 0049111b-fba2-46ba-827d-7ce95609a1d9 + 9.51 + 0055db46-f535-4dc9-a192-920d1bdf382b + 3.2 + 0070a37f-0d41-4331-8115-df40c62e00f3 + 13.24 + 007f7b1f-0cba-450c-9023-df962aa387a4 + 5.28 + 008960d4-14ad-4822-b293-140640cf0bcf + 4.924 + 00cdded9-47a1-49b6-a217-10941ffbefc6 + 1.468 + 00e0b930-90c6-43c2-971a-91dade33f76a + 3.35 + 010f37ad-90a9-4aa8-bbdf-c55e72ee1495 + 4.74 + 017a32a0-140a-4e0b-a10c-f6f67905829c + 4.5 + 019941c8-cc3b-452c-b12e-201301099603 + 11.95 +

346

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth10 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name: Fixed Demand Charge Month 10 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth10" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 7 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1.71 + 0030a241-5084-4404-9fe4-ed558aad8b59 + 10.59 + 0049111b-fba2-46ba-827d-7ce95609a1d9 + 9.51 + 0055db46-f535-4dc9-a192-920d1bdf382b + 3.2 + 0070a37f-0d41-4331-8115-df40c62e00f3 + 13.24 + 007f7b1f-0cba-450c-9023-df962aa387a4 + 5.28 + 008960d4-14ad-4822-b293-140640cf0bcf + 4.924 + 00cdded9-47a1-49b6-a217-10941ffbefc6 + 1.468 + 00e0b930-90c6-43c2-971a-91dade33f76a + 2.71 + 010f37ad-90a9-4aa8-bbdf-c55e72ee1495 + 4.74 + 017a32a0-140a-4e0b-a10c-f6f67905829c + 4.5 + 019941c8-cc3b-452c-b12e-201301099603 + 11.95 +

347

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FlatDemandMonth3 FlatDemandMonth3 Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. The allowed values for this property are: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth3" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 1 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 1 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1 + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 1 + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 1 + 00178d3d-17cb-46ed-8a58-24c816ddce96 + 1 + 001d1952-955c-411b-8ce4-3d146852a75e + 1 + 001ea8be-7a59-4bcb-a923-e8f1015946ee + 1 + 001eaca9-6ce7-4c0f-8578-44fc29654e97 + 1 + 0022e9a5-942c-4e97-94d7-600f5d315ce8 + 1 + 002661b8-2e71-48b8-b657-44ff7372f757 + 1 + 0026b4d3-dd02-4423-95e1-56430d887b28 + 2 +

348

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FlatDemandMonth2 FlatDemandMonth2 Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. The allowed values for this property are: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth2" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 1 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 1 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1 + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 1 + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 1 + 00178d3d-17cb-46ed-8a58-24c816ddce96 + 1 + 001d1952-955c-411b-8ce4-3d146852a75e + 1 + 001ea8be-7a59-4bcb-a923-e8f1015946ee + 1 + 001eaca9-6ce7-4c0f-8578-44fc29654e97 + 1 + 0022e9a5-942c-4e97-94d7-600f5d315ce8 + 1 + 002661b8-2e71-48b8-b657-44ff7372f757 + 1 + 0026b4d3-dd02-4423-95e1-56430d887b28 + 2 +

349

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FlatDemandMonth4 FlatDemandMonth4 Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. The allowed values for this property are: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth4" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 1 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 1 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1 + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 1 + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 1 + 00178d3d-17cb-46ed-8a58-24c816ddce96 + 1 + 001d1952-955c-411b-8ce4-3d146852a75e + 1 + 001ea8be-7a59-4bcb-a923-e8f1015946ee + 1 + 001eaca9-6ce7-4c0f-8578-44fc29654e97 + 1 + 0022e9a5-942c-4e97-94d7-600f5d315ce8 + 1 + 002661b8-2e71-48b8-b657-44ff7372f757 + 1 + 0026b4d3-dd02-4423-95e1-56430d887b28 + 2 +

350

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FlatDemandMonth7 FlatDemandMonth7 Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. The allowed values for this property are: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth7" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 1 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 1 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1 + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 1 + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 1 + 00178d3d-17cb-46ed-8a58-24c816ddce96 + 1 + 001d1952-955c-411b-8ce4-3d146852a75e + 1 + 001ea8be-7a59-4bcb-a923-e8f1015946ee + 1 + 001eaca9-6ce7-4c0f-8578-44fc29654e97 + 1 + 0022e9a5-942c-4e97-94d7-600f5d315ce8 + 1 + 002661b8-2e71-48b8-b657-44ff7372f757 + 1 + 0026b4d3-dd02-4423-95e1-56430d887b28 + 1 +

351

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FlatDemandMonth1 FlatDemandMonth1 Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. The allowed values for this property are: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth1" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 1 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 1 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1 + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 1 + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 1 + 00178d3d-17cb-46ed-8a58-24c816ddce96 + 1 + 001d1952-955c-411b-8ce4-3d146852a75e + 1 + 001ea8be-7a59-4bcb-a923-e8f1015946ee + 1 + 001eaca9-6ce7-4c0f-8578-44fc29654e97 + 1 + 0022e9a5-942c-4e97-94d7-600f5d315ce8 + 1 + 002661b8-2e71-48b8-b657-44ff7372f757 + 1 + 0026b4d3-dd02-4423-95e1-56430d887b28 + 2 +

352

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/StartDate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Date. Date. Name: Start Date Subproperties This property has the following 3 subproperties: 3 Data:3b30c6ad-8e21-4b82-a0c6-fdd209e0c401 4 Data:42e028e3-2489-485e-a4b1-c2abf1b556bb B Data:B539eb8f-20ff-4da6-bfbc-a329b7eb4859 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/StartDate" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 14 January 2010 + 0003a8b3-04b9-4ecb-b06d-6022e7f0f009 + 1 January 2010 + 000470c7-df04-47aa-bdd2-d70f0a2c52b3 + 1 July 2009 + 000b6dfa-a541-428a-9029-423006e22a34 + 22 December 2011 + 000db36e-b548-43e7-a283-d37ecc77cef1 + 1 December 2011 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 15 January 2013 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1 January 2012 + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 31 May 2010 +

353

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandChargePeriod2FAdj | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuel Adj Fuel Adj Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandChargePeriod2FAdj" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 02317cd6-a0ec-4111-8627-09664a2c083c + 0.84 + 1 13087919-93aa-4ea4-a980-9651069273c7 + 7.31 + 16aa4028-86d4-4e27-be38-fe817b497238 + 0.497 + 1a72490d-bb6a-4115-99a7-7dbc54cb1824 + 11.49 + 2 2367240f-bd28-4b73-ae88-b8f1d7ed70c1 + 0.497 + 24f48897-8a68-4ae0-99d9-ecc0281f7ece + 8.73 + 3 3bbd220c-c3da-4420-99dc-f2eeb44ce2e3 + 0.0295 + 4 448aa8c8-e896-439a-82c8-b61a66a80429 + 0.412 + 479553d6-3efc-4773-88d7-7c87804c0a65 + 0.91 + 4bc8edda-d0e1-40ee-aac2-c2b32603a6b4 + 6.5e-4 + 4d4a192d-b047-4a30-b719-27b28886d52b + 1.5 + 4e7a224a-8960-4bbf-8843-321a81d7c3a8 + 0.888 + 4f0014b5-64b1-4487-8c74-3e19564df58e + 0.402 +

354

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FlatDemandMonth6 FlatDemandMonth6 Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. The allowed values for this property are: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/FlatDemandMonth6" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 1 + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + 1 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1 + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + 1 + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + 1 + 00178d3d-17cb-46ed-8a58-24c816ddce96 + 1 + 001d1952-955c-411b-8ce4-3d146852a75e + 1 + 001ea8be-7a59-4bcb-a923-e8f1015946ee + 1 + 001eaca9-6ce7-4c0f-8578-44fc29654e97 + 1 + 0022e9a5-942c-4e97-94d7-600f5d315ce8 + 1 + 002661b8-2e71-48b8-b657-44ff7372f757 + 1 + 0026b4d3-dd02-4423-95e1-56430d887b28 + 1 +

355

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandChargePeriod6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Name: Demand Charge Period 6 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandChargePeriod6" Showing 13 pages using this property. 0 0cbf0ab5-6819-42a2-bec6-1474dedf49c7 + 4.94 + 2 243d213c-25ea-4709-b421-6ff602b22d53 + 4.94 + 3 3436a635-b3b2-43a5-93ea-e0df37ef26c0 + 0 + 37ba48cd-8228-413b-b67c-8924492a64ce + 4.94 + 4 479553d6-3efc-4773-88d7-7c87804c0a65 + 0.13 + 4bc8edda-d0e1-40ee-aac2-c2b32603a6b4 + 0.406 + 4d4a192d-b047-4a30-b719-27b28886d52b + 0 + C C65fb7a2-3639-410b-9164-fc6aa9e8e68c + 0.18 + D D21bf95c-9259-4058-ba7c-21aabd1edf31 + 0 + Df73a354-dd92-4e20-91b2-db16bde25dbb + 6 + E E0f831df-88a7-45a7-853c-d3958e41be83 + 1.2 + F F43273e8-6ef9-443f-9cee-9e20ab9b47d0 + 4.94 + F71b0b63-1b9c-4afd-8481-7af45939042a + 0 +

356

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/UseNetMetering | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UseNetMetering UseNetMetering Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Name: Use Net Metering Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/UseNetMetering" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + false + 000086db-7a5e-4356-9c57-c912f7d1622e + false + 0003a8b3-04b9-4ecb-b06d-6022e7f0f009 + false + 000470c7-df04-47aa-bdd2-d70f0a2c52b3 + false + 000b6dfa-a541-428a-9029-423006e22a34 + false + 000db36e-b548-43e7-a283-d37ecc77cef1 + false + 000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 + false + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + false + 001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d + false + 00141c43-a74b-4768-aacc-47357b9e7858 + false + 0015a129-b638-4018-8e5b-aa54dd07b223 + false + 0016f771-cda9-4312-afc2-63f10c8d8bf5 + false +

357

Experimental study of the performance of a laminar flow silica gel desiccant packing suitable for solar air conditioning application  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An experimental study of the performance of a low pressure drop silica gel desiccant packing has been carried out. The packing is in the form of narrow passages lined with a single layer of small silica gel particles. A near optimum particle size of 0.25 mm, and a range of passage widths of 1.46 to 3.75 mm were chosen based on the predictions of a computer simulation model. A test chamber was constructed with sufficient thermal insulation to allow close to adiabatic conditions for the 12 cm x 12 cm cross section of packing. Step change adsorption and desorption tests were performed for various plate spacings, air flow rates, air inlet conditions, and gel initial water contents. Air outlet moisture content and temperature, as well as pressure drop were measured. The experimental results were compared with predictions of the computer simulation model: This model is based on gas side controlled heat and mass transfer, with the small solid side mass transfer resistance incorporated in a crude manner, and heat transfer into the packing handled as a lumped thermal capacitance. Reasonable agreement was obtained between theoretical prediction and experiment. The match was found to improve with increased passage width. The discrepancies are chiefly attributed to an excessive air bypass, and to inaccurate accounting for heat transfer from the sides of the unit. Use of the computer code for prototype scale design purposes is recommended.

Biswas, P.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: measuring the cosmic growth rate with the two-point galaxy correlation function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The growth history of large-scale structure in the Universe is a powerful probe of the cosmological model, including the nature of dark energy. We study the growth rate of cosmic structure to redshift $z = 0.9$ using more than $162{,}000$ galaxy redshifts from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. We divide the data into four redshift slices with effective redshifts $z = [0.2,0.4,0.6,0.76]$ and in each of the samples measure and model the 2-point galaxy correlation function in parallel and transverse directions to the line-of-sight. After simultaneously fitting for the galaxy bias factor we recover values for the cosmic growth rate which are consistent with our assumed $\\Lambda$CDM input cosmological model, with an accuracy of around 20% in each redshift slice. We investigate the sensitivity of our results to the details of the assumed model and the range of physical scales fitted, making close comparison with a set of N-body simulations for calibration. Our measurements are consistent with an independent power-spe...

Contreras, Carlos; Poole, Gregory B; Marin, Felipe; Brough, Sarah; Colless, Matthew; Couch, Warrick; Croom, Scott; Croton, Darren; Davis, Tamara M; Drinkwater, Michael J; Forster, Karl; Gilbank, David; Gladders, Mike; Glazebrook, Karl; Jelliffe, Ben; Jurek, Russell J; Li, I-hui; Madore, Barry; Martin, D Christopher; Pimbblet, Kevin; Pracy, Michael; Sharp, Rob; Wisnioski, Emily; Woods, David; Wyder, Ted K; Yee, H K C; 10.1093/mnras/sts608

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

A Preliminary Study of the Effect of Shifts in Packing Fraction on k-effective in Pebble-Bed Reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A preliminary examination of the effect of pebble packing changes on the reactivity of a pebble-bed reactor (PBR) is performed. As a first step, using the MCNP code, the modeling of a PBR core as a continuous and homogenous region is compared to the modeling as a collection of discrete pebbles of equal average fuel density. It is shown that the two modeling approaches give the same trends inasmuch as changes in keff are concerned. It is thus shown that for the purpose of identifying trends in keff changes, the use of a homogeneous model is sufficient. A homogenous model is then used to assess the effect of pebble packing arrangement changes on the reactivity of a PBR core. It is shown that the changes can be large enough to result in prompt criticality. It is shown that for uranium fueled PBRs, thermal feedback could have the potential to offset the increase in activity, whereas for plutonium fueled systems, thermal feedback may not be sufficient for totally offsetting the packing-increase reactivity insertion and could even exacerbate the initial response. It is thus shown that a full study, including reactor kinetics, thermal feedback, and the dynamics of energy deposition and removal is warranted to fully characterize the potential consequences of packing shifts.

Ougouag, Abderrafi Mohammed-El-Ami; Terry, William Knox

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Effects of Sequence Partitioning on Compression Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the paper, a theoretical work is done for investigating effects of splitting data sequence into packs of data set. We proved that a partitioning of data sequence is possible to find such that the entropy rate at each subsequence is lower than entropy rate of the source. Effects of sequence partitioning on overall compression rate are argued on the bases of partitioning statistics, and then, an optimization problem for an optimal partition is defined to improve overall compression rate of a sequence.

Alagoz, B Baykant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Piston ring pack design effects on production spark ignition engine oil consumption : a simulation analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the most significant contributors to an engine's total oil consumption is the piston ring-pack. As a result, optimization of the ring pack is becoming more important for engine manufacturers and lubricant suppliers. ...

Senzer, Eric B

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

The effect of surface finish on piston ring-pack performance in advanced reciprocating engine systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frictional losses in the piston ring-pack of an engine account for approximately 20% of the total frictional losses within an engine. Methods of surface texture optimization were investigated to reduce piston ring-pack ...

Jocsak, Jeffrey (Jeffrey Alan)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Modeling the lubrication of the piston ring pack in internal combustion engines using the deterministic method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Piston ring packs are used in internal combustion engines to seal both the high pressure gas in the combustion chamber and the lubricant oil in the crank case. The interaction between the piston ring pack and the cylinder ...

Chen, Haijie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Effects of lubricant viscosity and surface texturing on ring-pack performance in internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The piston ring-pack contributes approximately 25% of the mechanical losses in an internal combustion engine. Both lubricant viscosity and surface texturing were investigated in an effort to reduce this ring-pack friction ...

Takata, Rosalind (Rosalind Kazuko), 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Homochiral 3D Metal-Organic Frameworks from Chiral 1D Rods: 6 – Way Helical Packing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The chiral 3D MOFs resulted from the packing of chiral 1D SBBs were studied. It was demonstrated that the final packing pattern is dependent on the dimension of SBB's. In addition, we were able to identify a new plywood-like network from ligand 2H2 exhibiting an unprecedented six-way chiral helical packing motif, which can be added on the list of invariant rod packings.

Shin, Sung M.; Moon, Dohyun; Jeong, Kyung S.; Kim, Jaheon; Thallapally, Praveen K.; Jeong, Nakcheol

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

366

New packing in absorption systems for trapping benzene from coke-oven gas  

SciTech Connect

The efficiency of benzene removal from coke-oven gas in absorption units OAO Alchevskkoks with new packing is assessed.

V.V. Grabko; V.M. Li; T.A. Shevchenko; M.A. Solov'ev [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

Close-packed array of light emitting devices  

SciTech Connect

A close-packed array of light emitting diodes includes a nonconductive substrate having a plurality of elongate channels extending therethrough from a first side to a second side, where each of the elongate channels in at least a portion of the substrate includes a conductive rod therein. The conductive rods have a density over the substrate of at least about 1,000 rods per square centimeter and include first conductive rods and second conductive rods. The close-packed array further includes a plurality of light emitting diodes on the first side of the substrate, where each light emitting diode is in physical contact with at least one first conductive rod and in electrical contact with at least one second conductive rod.

Ivanov, Ilia N.; Simpson, John T.

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

368

Internal states of model isotropic granular packings. III. Elastic properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this third and final paper of a series, elastic properties of numerically simulated isotropic packings of spherical beads assembled by different procedures and subjected to a varying confining pressure P are investigated. In addition P, which determines the stiffness of contacts by Hertz's law, elastic moduli are chiefly sensitive to the coordination number, the possible values of which are not necessarily correlated with the density. Comparisons of numerical and experimental results for glass beads in the 10kPa-10MPa range reveal similar differences between dry samples compacted by vibrations and lubricated packings. The greater stiffness of the latter, in spite of their lower density, can hence be attributed to a larger coordination number. Voigt and Reuss bounds bracket bulk modulus B accurately, but simple estimation schemes fail for shear modulus G, especially in poorly coordinated configurations under low P. Tenuous, fragile networks respond differently to changes in load direction, as compared to lo...

Agnolin, Ivana

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

MULTIPLE WELL VARIABLE RATE WELL TEST ANALYSIS OF DATA FROM THE AUBURN UNIVERSITY THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBL-9459. experimental Thermal energy storage in confinedAUBURN UNIVERSITY THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE PROGRM1 Christineseries of aquifer thermal energy storage field experiments.

Doughty, Christine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Biomass growth restriction in a packed bed reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

When carrying out continuous biologically catalyzed reactions with anaerobic microorganisms attached to a support in an upflow packed bed column, growth of the microorganisms is restricted to prevent the microorganisms from plugging the column by limiting the availability of an essential nutrient and/or by the presence of predatory protozoa which consume the anaerobic microorganisms. A membrane disruptive detergent may be provided in the column to lyse dead microorganisms to make them available as nutrients for live microorganisms.

Griffith, William L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Compere, Alicia L. (Knoxville, TN)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Numerical analysis of the heat transfer for packing design of cryogenic gate valve  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The packing, among the components comprising the gate valve, is used to sustain the airtightness and the study on change of shape or pattern has been carried out to maximize the functions, but the study on changing the location or the size of the packing ... Keywords: cryogenic, heat transfer, liquefied natural gas, numerical analysis, packing

Si Pom Kim; Rock Won Jeon; Il Ju Hwang; Jae Hoon Lee; Won Heaop Shin

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Design of a Lithium-ion Battery Pack for PHEV Using a Hybrid Optimization Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design of a Lithium-ion Battery Pack for PHEV Using a Hybrid Optimization Method Nansi Xue1 Abstract This paper outlines a method for optimizing the design of a lithium-ion battery pack for hy- brid, volume or material cost. Keywords: Lithium-ion, Optimization, Hybrid vehicle, Battery pack design

Papalambros, Panos

373

High density packings of equal circles in rectangles with variable aspect ratio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Arranging a fixed number n of equal non-overlapping circles in a rectangle with variable aspect ratio is a non-standard packing problem. It arises if one has to decide how a certain number of circular items should be packed into a rectangular box when ... Keywords: Circle packing, Container design, Hexagonal grid, Rectangular container, Variable aspect ratio

E. Specht

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Biofiltration of isopentane in peat and compost packed beds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commercially available biofiltration systems have used natural bioactive materials in packed beds due to low media cost and easy availability. Detailed understanding and modeling of biofiltration systems are lacking in existing literature. Experimental studies on the isopentane treatment in air using peat- and compost-packed beds were conducted with inlet isopentane concentrations of 360 to 960 ppmv, and empty-bed gas-phase residence times of 2 to 10 min. High removal efficiencies (>90%) were achieved at low contaminant concentrations (8 min). For both peat and compost biofilters, there was an optimal water content that gave the highest removal efficiency. For higher water content, mass transfer of isopentane through the liquid phase controlled the biofiltration removal efficiency. At low water content, irreversible changes in the bioactivity of peat and compost occurred, resulting in an irrecoverable loss of removal efficiency. Increases in biofilter bed temperature from 25 to 40 C improved the removal efficiency. A mathematical model incorporating the effect of water content and temperature was developed to describe the packed-bed biofilter performance. Model predictions agreed closely with experimental data.

Wang, Z.; Govind, R. [Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Minimizing formation damage under adverse conditions during gravel pack operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is described for minimizing formation damage caused by intrusive fluids prior to a gravel packing operation in loosely consolidated formations penetrated by at least one well comprising: (a) filling the casing of the well with an underbalanced completion fluid; (b) placing within the well a removable packer capable of isolating the space between the casing and the formation from the downhole well pressure; (c) setting through the packer a first tubing suitable for perforating and stabilizing the flow of fluids into the well; (d) perforating the casing; (e) introducing a blocking agent into the formation via the perforations which agent upon solidification is sufficient to minimize formation damage by avoiding the introduction of formation fluids where the agent is a gel; (f) causing the blocking agent to solidify while forming a solidified plug within the well and a solid mass within the adjacent washed out portion of the formation; (g) removing the first tubing from the well; (h) placing within the well a second tubing having a slotted portion therein sufficient to allow gravel packing of the well and the formation; (i) removing the solidified plug from the wellbore along with solidified gel from the washed-out portion of the formation; and (j) placing a gravel pack within the well and the washed-out portion of the formation via the second tubing which consolidates the formation.

Jennings, A.R. Jr.; Shu, P.

1989-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

376

Using a Family of Dividing Surfaces Normal to the Minimum EnergyPath for Quantum Instanton Rate Constants  

SciTech Connect

One of the outstanding issues in the quantum instanton (QI) theory (or any transition state-type theory) for thermal rate constants of chemical reactions is the choice of an appropriate ''dividing surface'' (DS) that separates reactants and products. (In the general version of the QI theory, there are actually two dividing surfaces involved.) This paper shows one simple and general way for choosing DS's for use in QI Theory, namely using the family of (hyper) planes normal to the minimum energy path (MEP) on the potential energy surface at various distances s along it. Here the reaction coordinate is not one of the dynamical coordinates of the system (which will in general be the Cartesian coordinates of the atoms), but rather simply a parameter which specifies the DS. It is also shown how this idea can be implemented for an N-atom system in 3d space in a way that preserves overall translational and rotational invariance. Numerical application to a simple system (the colliner H + H{sub 2} reaction) is presented to illustrate the procedure.

Li, Yimin; Miller, Wlliam H.

2006-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

377

Nano-sized structured layered positive electrode materials to enable high energy density and high rate capability lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Nano-sized structured dense and spherical layered positive active materials provide high energy density and high rate capability electrodes in lithium-ion batteries. Such materials are spherical second particles made from agglomerated primary particles that are Li.sub.1+.alpha.(Ni.sub.xCo.sub.yMn.sub.z).sub.1-tM.sub.tO.sub.2-dR.sub.d- , where M is selected from can be Al, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn, Cr, Ag, Ca, Na, K, In, Ga, Ge, V, Mo, Nb, Si, Ti, Zr, or a mixture of any two or more thereof, R is selected from F, Cl, Br, I, H, S, N, or a mixture of any two or more thereof, and 0.ltoreq..alpha..ltoreq.0.50; 0

Deng, Haixia; Belharouak, Ilias; Amine, Khalil

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

378

Free volume distribution of nearly jammed hard sphere packings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the free volume distributions of nearly jammed packings of monodisperse and bidisperse hard sphere configurations. These distributions differ qualitatively from those of the fluid, displaying a power law tail at large free volumes, which constitutes a distinct signature of nearly jammed configurations, persisting for moderate degrees of decompression. We reproduce and explain the observed distribution by considering the pair correlation function within the first coordination shell for jammed hard sphere configurations. We analyze features of the equation of state near jamming, and discuss the significance of observed asphericities of the free volumes to the equation of state.

Moumita Maiti; Srikanth Sastry

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

379

2009 Rate Adjustments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provisional rates will be in effect until the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) confirms and approves them on a final basis or until they are replaced by other rates....

380

Microsoft PowerPoint - EnergyCS Altair Nano Prius PHEVs Fleet...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North American PHEV Demonstration North American PHEV Demonstration Fleet Summary Report: EnergyCS Prius (Altairnano pack) Number of Vehicles: 2 (EnergyCS Data Loggers) Reporting...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Microsoft PowerPoint - EnergyCS Valence Prius PHEVs Fleet report...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Activity North American PHEV Demonstration Fleet Summary Report:- EnergyCS Prius (Valance pack) Number of Vehicles: 5 (EnergyCS Data Logger) Reporting Period: 2008 Summary *...

382

Rate Schedule CPP-2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or rate schedule accepted or approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) or other regulatory bodies will be passed on to each relevant customer. The FERC's or...

383

Measurement of the Rates of Production and Dissipation of Turbulent Kinetic Energy in an Energetic Tidal Flow: Red Wharf Bay Revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simultaneous measurements of the rates of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) dissipation (?) and production (P) have been made over a period of 24 h at a tidally energetic site in the northern Irish Sea in water of 25-m depth. Some ? profiles from 5 ...

Tom P. Rippeth; John H. Simpson; Eirwen Williams; Mark E. Inall

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Effects of residence time distribution and packing on methanol oxidation in biotrickling filter  

SciTech Connect

The effects of residence time distribution (RTD) on biotrickling filter systems and the comparison of the maximum elimination capacity (EC) and poisoning limits as functions of loadings of two packing media, Celite Biocatalyst Carrier R-635 and a subbituminous coal (Hat Creek coal from British Columbia), were studied. To alter the RTD patterns in the two reactor columns, two baffle designs were chosen. The RTD tests were done under dry conditions, over a range of airflow rates, with zero baffle, one baffle, and two baffles added into each column. Mixed culture from compost was used to acclimate the bed for the methanol removal efficiency study. No nutrients were added in the coal column. To study the poisoning limit, the inlet methanol concentration was randomly increased until a severe drop in removal efficiency occurred. From the RTD tests and the removal efficiency runs, which did not result in 100% conversion, number of tank-in-series (N) values, maximum EC values, and rate constants of each column with different baffle configurations could be obtained. Results from duplicate runs showed that addition of baffles decreased the N values of the columns and increased the back mixing in both systems. Maximum EC values, critical loadings, and poisoning limits also increased with increasing back mixing. Coal was superior to Celite Biocatalyst Carrier R-635 because it gave good conversions without additional nutrients. In all runs, the rate of methanol removal was controlled by a zero order process. 14 refs., 10 figs., 7 tabs.

Yuanita W. Hutomo; K.L. Pinder [University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada). Chemical and Biological Engineering Department

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Potential use of battery packs from NCAP tested vehicles.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several large electric vehicle batteries available to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration are candidates for use in future safety testing programs. The batteries, from vehicles subjected to NCAP crashworthiness testing, are considered potentially damaged due to the nature of testing their associated vehicles have been subjected to. Criteria for safe shipping to Sandia is discussed, as well as condition the batteries must be in to perform testing work. Also discussed are potential tests that could be performed under a variety of conditions. The ultimate value of potential testing performed on these cells will rest on the level of access available to the battery pack, i.e. external access only, access to the on board monitoring system/CAN port or internal electrical access to the battery. Greater access to the battery than external visual and temperature monitoring would likely require input from the battery manufacturer.

Lamb, Joshua; Orendorff, Christopher J.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Research Article Continuous Production of Lipase-Catalyzed Biodiesel in a Packed-Bed Reactor: Optimization and Enzyme Reuse Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copyright © 2011 Hsiao-Ching Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. An optimal continuous production of biodiesel by methanolysis of soybean oil in a packed-bed reactor was developed using immobilized lipase (Novozym 435) as a catalyst in a tert-butanol solvent system. Response surface methodology (RSM) and Box-Behnken design were employed to evaluate the effects of reaction temperature, flow rate, and substrate molar ratio on the molar conversion of biodiesel. The results showed that flow rate and temperature have significant effects on the percentage of molar conversion. On the basis of ridge max analysis, the optimum conditions were as follows: flow rate 0.1 mL/min, temperature 52.1 ? C, and substrate molar ratio 1: 4. The predicted and experimental values of molar conversion were 83.31 ± 2.07 % and 82.81 ±.98%, respectively. Furthermore, the continuous process over 30 days showed no appreciable decrease in the molar conversion. The paper demonstrates the applicability of using immobilized lipase and a packed-bed reactor for continuous biodiesel synthesis. 1.

Hsiao-ching Chen; Hen-yi Ju; Tsung-ta Wu; Yung-chuan Liu; Chih-chen Lee; Cheng Chang; Yi-lin Chung; Chwen-jen Shieh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Electra: An Electron Beam Pumped KrF Rep-Rate Laser System for Inertial Fusion Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High Average Power Laser and Other IFE R&D / Eighteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Part 1)

P. M. Burns et al.

388

Two-Phase Liquid Dielectric - Energy Innovation Portal  

Energy Innovation Portal ... the interstices between macro-sized dielectric beads packed into a confined volume so that the beads inhibit electro-hydro dynamically ...

389

A new exact method for the two-dimensional bin-packing problem with fixed orientation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new exact method for the well-known two-dimensional bin-packing problem. It is based on an iterative decomposition of the set of items into two disjoint subsets. We tested the efficiency of our method against benchmarks of the literature. ... Keywords: Branch-and-bound, Cutting and packing, Dual-feasible functions, Lower bounds

FrançOis Clautiaux; Jacques Carlier; Aziz Moukrim

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Designing nanostructured heterogeneous catalysts to exploit pulsing in gas-liquid packed bed reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

41 Designing nanostructured heterogeneous catalysts to exploit pulsing in gas-liquid packed bed nanostructured catalysts for gas-liquid reactions, which have a system of macro pores designed to take advantage in volume of gas-liquid packed bed reactors (a.k.a. "trickle" beds) by an order of magnitude or more because

McCready, Mark J.

391

A hybrid genetic algorithm for a variant of two-dimensional packing problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A variant of two-dimensional packing problem was given in the GECCO'2008 competition. This paper describes the genetic algorithm that produced the best result and thus won the No. 1 prize. As the problem is naturally represented by a two-dimensional ... Keywords: breadth-first search, geographic crossover, hybrid genetic algorithm, local search, packing, two-dimensional

Jin Kim; Byung-Ro Moon

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Molecular Packing Parameter in Bolaamphiphile Solutions: Adjustment of Aggregate Morphology by Modifying the Solution Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Packing Parameter in Bolaamphiphile Solutions: Adjustment of Aggregate Morphology of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, and College of Life Science, Peking UniVersity, Beijing, 100871, People of molecular packing parameters in a bolaamphiphile solution was tested with experimental results. By modifying

Huang, Jianbin

393

Estimates of deep drainage rates at the U.S. Department of Energy Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In FY 1996, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) provided technical assistance to Battelle Columbus Operations (BCO) in their ongoing assessment of contaminant migration at the Pantex Plant in Amarillo, Texas. The objective of this report is to calculate deep drainage rates at the Pantex Plant. These deep drainage rates may eventually be used to predict contaminant loading to the underlying unconfined aquifer for the Pantex Plant Baseline Risk Assessment. These rates will also be used to support analyses of remedial activities involving surface alterations or the subsurface injection withdrawal of liquids or gases. The scope of this report is to estimate deep drainage rates for the major surface features at the Pantex Plant, including ditches and playas, natural grassland, dryland crop rotation, unvegetated soil, and graveled surfaces. Areas such as Pantex Lake that are outside the main plant boundaries were not included in the analysis. All estimates were derived using existing data or best estimates; no new data were collected. The modeling framework used to estimate the rates is described to enable future correlations, improvements, and enhancements. The scope of this report includes only data gathered during FY 1996. However, a current review of the data gathered on weather, soil, plants, and other information in the time period since did not reveal anything that would significantly alter the results presented in this report.

Fayer, M.J.; Richmond, M.C.; Wigmosta, M.S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Kelley, M.E. [Battelle Environmental Restoration Dept., Columbus, OH (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Stability of Satellites in Closely Packed Planetary Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform numerical integrations of four-body (star, planet, planet, satellite) systems to investigate the stability of satellites in planetary Systems with Tightly-packed Inner Planets (STIPs). We find that the majority of closely-spaced stable two-planet systems can stably support satellites across a range of parameter-space which is only slightly decreased compared to that seen for the single-planet case. In particular, circular prograde satellites remain stable out to $\\sim 0.4 R_H$ (where $R_H$ is the Hill Radius) as opposed to $\\sim 0.5 R_H$ in the single-planet case. A similarly small restriction in the stable parameter-space for retrograde satellites is observed, where planetary close approaches in the range 2.5 to 4.5 mutual Hill radii destabilize most satellites orbits only if $a\\sim 0.65 R_H$. In very close planetary pairs (e.g. the 12:11 resonance) the addition of a satellite frequently destabilizes the entire system, causing extreme close-approaches and the loss of satellites over a range of cir...

Payne, Matthew J; Holman, Matthew J; Perets, Hagai B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

PLANET-PLANET SCATTERING LEADS TO TIGHTLY PACKED PLANETARY SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

The known extrasolar multiple-planet systems share a surprising dynamical attribute: they cluster just beyond the Hill stability boundary. Here we show that the planet-planet scattering model, which naturally explains the observed exoplanet eccentricity distribution, can reproduce the observed distribution of dynamical configurations. We calculated how each of our scattered systems would appear over an appropriate range of viewing geometries; as Hill stability is weakly dependent on the masses, the mass-inclination degeneracy does not significantly affect our results. We consider a wide range of initial planetary mass distributions and find that some are poor fits to the observed systems. In fact, many of our scattering experiments overproduce systems very close to the stability boundary. The distribution of dynamical configurations of two-planet systems may provide better discrimination between scattering models than the distribution of eccentricity. Our results imply that, at least in their inner regions which are weakly affected by gas or planetesimal disks, planetary systems should be 'packed', with no large gaps between planets.

Raymond, Sean N. [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, 389 UCB, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Barnes, Rory [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Veras, Dimitri [Astronomy Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32111 (United States); Armitage, Philip J. [JILA, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Gorelick, Noel [Google, Inc., 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043 (United States); Greenberg, Richard [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)], E-mail: sean.raymond@colorado.edu

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

DOE Guidance-Category Rating  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This memorandum is to establish the Department of Energy's (DOE's) policy for the use of Category Rating.

397

High-energy threshold reaction rates on 0.8 GeV proton-irradiated thick Pb-target  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This works presents results of activation-aided determination of threshold reaction rates in 92 209Bi, natPb, 197Au, 181Ta, 169Tm, natIn, 93Nb, 64Zn, 65Cu, 63Cu, 59Co, 19F, and 12C samples and in 121 27Al samples. All the samples were aligned with the proton beam axis inside and outside the demountable 92-cm thick Pb target of 15-cm diameter assembled of 23 4-cm thick discs. The samples were placed on 12 target disks to reproduce the long axis distribution of protons and neutrons. In June 2006, the target was exposed for 18 hours to a 800-MeV proton beam extracted from the ITEP U-10 accelerator. The proton fluence and the proton beam shape were determined using the 27Al(p,x)7Be monitor reaction. The reaction rates were determined by the direct gamma-spectrometry techniques. In total, 1196 gamma-spectra have been measured, and about 1500 reaction rates determined. The measured reaction rates were simulated by the MCNPX code using the following databases: ENDF/B6 for neutrons below 20 MeV, MENDL2 for 20-100 MeV neutrons, and MENDL2P for proton cross sections up to 200 MeV. An acceptable agreement of simulations with experimental data has been found.

Yu. E. Titarenko; V. F. Batyaev; A. Yu. Titarenko; M. A. Butko; K. V. Pavlov; R. S. Tikhonov; S. N. Florya; S. G. Mashnik; W. Gudowski

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

398

High-Energy Threshold Reaction Rates on 0.8 GeV Proton-Irradiated Thick W and W-Na Targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Threshold activation reaction rates in 12C, 19F, 27Al, 59Co, 63Cu, 65Cu, 64Zn, 93Nb, 115In, 169Tm, 181Ta, 197Au, and 209Bi experimental samples placed along the axis inside and outside the 0.8 GeV proton-irradiated 92-cm thick W-Na and 4-cm thick W targets where measured at the ITEP proton synchrotron. 158 reactions of up to +AH4-0.5 GeV thresholds have been measured in 123 activation samples for W-Na target, and 157 reactions in 36 activation samples for W target. The reaction rates were determined using the gamma-spectrometry method. In total, more than 1000 values of activation reactions were determined in the experiments. In both cases the measured reaction rates were compared with the LAHET code simulated rates and using several nuclear databases for the respective excitation functions, namely, ENDF/B6 for cross section of neutrons at energies below 20 MeV and MENDL2 together with MENDL2P for cross sections of protons and neutrons of 20 to 100 MeV energies. A general satisfactory agreement between simulated and experimental data has been found.

Yu. E. Titarenko; V. F. Batyaev; E. I. Karpikhin; V. M. Zhivun; A. B. Koldobsky; R. D. Mulambetov; S. V. Mulambetova; S. L. Zaitsev; S. G. Mashnik; R. E. Prael

2004-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

399

4. Trends in Natural Gas Transportation Rates  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration 39 Energy Policy Act Transportation Study: Interim Report on Natural Gas Flows and Rates 4. Trends in Natural Gas Transportation Rates

400

Rate Schedules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

One of the major responsibilities of Southeastern is to design, formulate, and justify rate schedules. Repayment studies prepared by the agency determine revenue requirements and appropriate rate...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

HTR-PROTEUS PEBBLE BED EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM CORE 4: RANDOM PACKING WITH A 1:1 MODERATOR-TO-FUEL PEBBLE RATIO  

SciTech Connect

In its deployment as a pebble bed reactor (PBR) critical facility from 1992 to 1996, the PROTEUS facility was designated as HTR-PROTEUS. This experimental program was performed as part of an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on the Validation of Safety Related Physics Calculations for Low Enriched HTGRs. Within this project, critical experiments were conducted for graphite moderated LEU systems to determine core reactivity, flux and power profiles, reaction-rate ratios, the worth of control rods, both in-core and reflector based, the worth of burnable poisons, kinetic parameters, and the effects of moisture ingress on these parameters. One benchmark experiment was evaluated in this report: Core 4. Core 4 represents the only configuration with random pebble packing in the HTR-PROTEUS series of experiments, and has a moderator-to-fuel pebble ratio of 1:1. Three random configurations were performed. The initial configuration, Core 4.1, was rejected because the method for pebble loading, separate delivery tubes for the moderator and fuel pebbles, may not have been completely random; this core loading was rejected by the experimenters. Cores 4.2 and 4.3 were loaded using a single delivery tube, eliminating the possibility for systematic ordering effects. The second and third cores differed slightly in the quantity of pebbles loaded (40 each of moderator and fuel pebbles), stacked height of the pebbles in the core cavity (0.02 m), withdrawn distance of the stainless steel control rods (20 mm), and withdrawn distance of the autorod (30 mm). The 34 coolant channels in the upper axial reflector and the 33 coolant channels in the lower axial reflector were open. Additionally, the axial graphite fillers used in all other HTR-PROTEUS configurations to create a 12-sided core cavity were not used in the randomly packed cores. Instead, graphite fillers were placed on the cavity floor, creating a funnel-like base, to discourage ordering effects during pebble loading. Core 4 was determined to be acceptable benchmark experiment.

John D. Bess; Leland M. Montierth

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Thermal Characterization and Analysis of A123 Systems Battery Cells, Modules and Packs: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-07-243  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In support of the A123 Systems battery development program with USABC/DOE, NREL provided technical support in thermal characterization, analysis and management of batteries. NREL's effort was part of Energy Storage Project funded by DOE Vehicle Technologies Program. The purpose of this work was for NREL to perform thermal characterization and analysis of A123 Systems cells and modules with the aim for Al23 Systems to improve the thermal performance of their battery cells, modules and packs.

Pesaran, A.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

dvudownloadsidp-job-aid Article From Lab to Market: Energy Department Researchers Lead R&D 100 Energy Department scientists and researchers led the pack at this year's R&D 100...

404

Breaker concentrations required to improve the permeability of proppant packs damaged by concentrated linear and borate-crosslinked fracturing fluids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on the concentrations of an oxidative breaker required to reduce significantly the proppant-pack permeability damage caused by aqueous hydraulic fracturing fluids. Long-term, proppant-pack permeability testing was used to evaluate linear and borate-crosslinked gels. Results indicate that increasing the breaker concentration can reduce proppant-pack permeability damage very effectively.

Brannon, H. (BJ Services (United States)); Pulsinelli, R.J. (Dowell Schlumberger, Tulsa, OK (United States))

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

National Utility Rate Database: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

When modeling solar energy technologies and other distributed energy systems, using high-quality expansive electricity rates is essential. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed a utility rate platform for entering, storing, updating, and accessing a large collection of utility rates from around the United States. This utility rate platform lives on the Open Energy Information (OpenEI) website, OpenEI.org, allowing the data to be programmatically accessed from a web browser, using an application programming interface (API). The semantic-based utility rate platform currently has record of 1,885 utility rates and covers over 85% of the electricity consumption in the United States.

Ong, S.; McKeel, R.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Dynamic performance of packed-bed dehumidifiers: experimental results from the SERI desiccant test loop  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Discussed are the design and construction of a desiccant test loop and results of tests with a silica-gel-packed bed. The test loop consists of two centrifugal fans, two duct heaters, a steam humidifier, 24.4m (80 ft) of 30-cm (12-in.) circular duct, instrumentation, and a test section. The loop is capable of testing adsorption and desorption modes at flow rates up to 0.340 kg/s (600 scfm) and at regeneration temperatures up to 120/sup 0/C (248/sup 0/F). Tests of a 74-cm(29-in.)-diameter, 3.2-cm(1.25-in.)-thick silica gel bed indicated that mass transfer occurs more readily in the adsorption direction than in the desorption direction. Pressure drop data indicated that the resistance of each of the two screens that hold the silica gel in place was equivalent to 2.5-cm(1-in.) of silica gel due to plugging. Results of the tests were also used to validate a SERI desiccant computer model, DESSIM.

Kutscher, C F; Barlow, R S

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Rates - WAPA-137 Rate Order  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WAPA-137 Rate Order WAPA-137 Rate Order 2009 CRSP Management Center Customer Rates Second Step Presentation from the June 25, 2009, Customer Meeting Handout Materials from the June 25, 2009, Customer Meeting Customer Comment Letters ATEA CREDA Farmington ITCA AMPUA Rate Adjustment Information The second step of WAPA-137 SLCA/IP Firm Power, CRSP Transmission and Ancillary Services rate adjustment. FERC Approval of Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Notice Of Filing for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Published Final FRN for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Letter to Customers regarding the published Notice of Extension of Public Process for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Published Extension of Public Process for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 FRN Follow-up Public Information and Comment Forum Flier WAPA-137 Customer Meetings and Rate Adjustment Schedule

408

Mesoscale Boundary Layer and Heat Flux Variations over Pack Ice–Covered Lake Erie  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of extensive pack ice fields on the Great Lakes significantly influences lake-effect storms and local airmass modification, as well as the regional hydrologic cycle and lake water levels. The evolution of the ice fields and their ...

Mathieu R. Gerbush; David A. R. Kristovich; Neil F. Laird

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Designing Safe Lithium-Ion Battery Packs Using Thermal Abuse Models (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL and NASA developed a thermal-electrical model that resolves PTC and cell behavior under external shorting, now being used to evaluate safety margins of battery packs for spacesuit applications.

Pesaran, A. A.; Kim, G. H.; Smith, K.; Darcy, E.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Olive Oil: Chemistry and Technology, 2nd EditionChapter 11 Storage & Packing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Olive Oil: Chemistry and Technology, 2nd Edition Chapter 11 Storage & Packing Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf...

411

Electrically recharged battery employing a packed/spouted bed metal particle electrode  

SciTech Connect

A secondary metal air cell, employing a spouted/packed metal particle bed and an air electrode. More specifically a zinc air cell well suited for use in electric vehicles which is capable of being either electrically or hydraulically recharged.

Siu, Stanley C. (Alameda, CA); Evans, James W. (Piedmont, CA); Salas-Morales, Juan (Berkeley, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Disk Packing in a Square: A New Global Optimization Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An interesting alternative could be to consider the unconstrained minimization of the energy function (3) as done in [Nurmela et al. (1997)]. As remarked in ...

413

A heuristic approach for packing rectangles in convex regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 1, 2010 ... state the fact that we aim at minimizing the waste. This can ...... lowest energy structures of Lennard-Jones clusters containing up to 110 atoms ...

414

COURSE NOTES: Granta CES2007 EduPack  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2007 ... In addition, the data on energy conservation, sustainability, and ecological impact of the materials and manufacturing ... Eco Audit Tool.

415

Nanoparticle Dispersion and Packing Behavior Control by Surface ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Modified Pidgeon Process for Energy Savings and Low Carbon Dioxide Emission · A New Production Route for Titanium Dioxide Pigment That Eliminates  ...

416

Recovery Act: Hydroelectric Facility Improvement Project - Replacement of Current Mechanical Seal System with Rope Packing System  

SciTech Connect

On January 27, 2010 the City of North Little Rock, Arkansas received notification of the awarding of a Department of Energy (DOE) grant totaling $450,000 in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) under the Project Title: Recovery Act: Hydroelectric Facility Improvement Project – Automated Intake Clearing Equipment and Materials Management. The purpose of the grant was for improvements to be made at the City’s hydroelectric generating facility located on the Arkansas River. Improvements were to be made through the installation of an intake maintenance device (IMD) and the purchase of a large capacity wood grinder. The wood grinder was purchased in order to receive the tree limbs, tree trunks, and other organic debris that collects at the intake of the plant during high flow. The wood grinder eliminates the periodic burning of the waste material that is cleared from the intake and reduces any additional air pollution to the area. The resulting organic mulch has been made available to the public at no charge. Design discussion and planning began immediately and the wood grinder was purchased in July of 2010 and immediately put to work mulching debris that was gathered regularly from the intake of the facility. The mulch is currently available to the public for free. A large majority of the design process was spent in discussion with the Corps of Engineers to obtain approval for drawings, documents, and permits that were required in order to make changes to the structure of the powerhouse. In April of 2011, the City’s Project Engineer, who had overseen the application, resigned and left the City’s employ. A new Systems Mechanical Engineer was hired and tasked with overseeing the project. The transfer of responsibility led to a re-examination of the original assumptions and research upon which the grant proposal was based. At that point, the project went under review and a trip was booked for July 2011 to visit facilities that currently had an IMD installed. This further study of facilities revealed that the implementation of the project as originally described, while proving the benefits described in the original grant application, would likely intensify sand intake. Increased sand intake would lead to an increase in required shutdowns for maintenance and more rapid depreciation of key equipment which would result in a loss of generation capacity. A better solution to the problem, one that continued to meet the criteria for the original grant and ARRA standards, was developed. A supporting day trip was planned to visit other facilities located on the Arkansas River to determine how they were coping with the same strong amounts of sand, silt, and debris. Upon returning from the trip to other Arkansas River facilities it was extremely clear what direction to go in order to most efficiently address the issue of generator capacity and efficiency. Of the plants visited on the Arkansas River, every one of them was running what is called a rope packing shaft sealing system as opposed to mechanical shaft seals, which the facility was running. Rope packing is a time proven sealing method that has been around for centuries. It has proved to perform very well in dirty water situations just like that of the Arkansas River. In April of 2012 a scope change proposal was submitted to the DOE for approval. In August of 2012 the City received word that the change of scope had been approved. Plans were immediately set in motion to begin the conversion from mechanical seals to a packing box at the facility. Contractors arrived on October 1st, 2012 and the project team began unwatering the unit for disassembly. The seal conversion was completed on February 29th, 2013 with start-up of the unit. Further testing and adjusting was done throughout the first two weeks of March.

Stephens, Jessica D.

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

417

Insertion Rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HOME > Insertion Rates. TECH HEADLINES. Research Explores a New Layer in Additive Manufacturin... Grand Opening Slated for Electron Microscopy Facility.

418

Measurement of the solar 8B neutrino rate with a liquid scintillator target and 3 MeV energy threshold in the Borexino detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the measurement of electron neutrino elastic scattering from 8B solar neutrinos with 3 MeV energy threshold by the Borexino detector in Gran Sasso (Italy). The rate of solar neutrino-induced electron scattering events above this energy in Borexino is 0.217 +- 0.038 (stat) +- 0.008 (syst) cpd/100 t, which corresponds to the equivalent unoscillated flux of (2.4 +- 0.4 (stat) +- 0.1 (syst))x10^6 cm^-2 s^-1, in good agreement with measurements from SNO and SuperKamiokaNDE. Assuming the 8B neutrino flux predicted by the high metallicity Standard Solar Model, the average 8B neutrino survival probability above 3 MeV is measured to be 0.29+-0.10. The survival probabilities for 7Be and 8B neutrinos as measured by Borexino differ by 1.9 sigma. These results are consistent with the prediction of the MSW-LMA solution of a transition in the solar electron neutrino survival probability between the low energy vacuum-driven and the high-energy matter-enhanced solar neutrino oscillation regimes.

The Borexino Collaboration

2008-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

419

The Transition to a Carbon-Neutral Energy Economy: Exploring UCSD's Role  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an impact on the amount of hydroelectric power that can besupply of hydropower. Hydroelectric power has significantsnow pack and less hydroelectric energy supply. In addition

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Foolproof completions for high rate production wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Operators, especially those managing production from deepwater reservoirs, are striving to produce hydrocarbons at higher and higher rates without exposing the wells to completion failure risk. To avoid screen failures, recent studies have favored gravel pack (GP) and high rate water pack (HRWP) completions over high-permeability fracturing (HPF), known in the vernacular as a frac&pack (FP) for very high rate wells. While a properly designed GP completion may prevent sand production, it does not stop formation fines migration, and, over time, fines accumulation in the GP will lead to increasing completion skin. Although, and not always, the skin can be removed by acidizing, it is not practical to perform repeated acid treatments on deepwater wells, particularly those with subsea wellheads, and the alternative has been to subject the completion to increasingly high drawdown, accepting a high skin effect. A far better solution is to use a HPF completion. Of course the execution of a successful HPF is not a trivial exercise, and frequently, there is a steep learning curve for such a practice. This work explains the importance to HPF completions of the well trajectory through the interval to be hydraulically fractured, for production, not execution, reasons. A new model quantifies the effect of the well inclination on the connectivity between the fracture and the well via perforations. Guidelines based on the maximum target production rate, including forecasts of multiphase flow, are provided to size the HPF completion to avoid common completion failures that may result from high fluid rate and/or fines movement. Skin model will be developed for both vertical and deviated wells. Once the HPF is properly designed and executed, the operators should end up with a long term low skin good completion quality well. The well will be safely produced at the maximum flow rates, with no need for well surveillance and monitoring.

Tosic, Slavko

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Apparatus and method for determining solids circulation rate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to a method of determining bed velocity and solids circulation rate in a standpipe experiencing a moving packed bed flow, such as the in the standpipe section of a circulating bed fluidized reactor The method utilizes in-situ measurement of differential pressure over known axial lengths of the standpipe in conjunction with in-situ gas velocity measurement for a novel application of Ergun equations allowing determination of standpipe void fraction and moving packed bed velocity. The method takes advantage of the moving packed bed property of constant void fraction in order to integrate measured parameters into simultaneous solution of Ergun-based equations and conservation of mass equations across multiple sections of the standpipe.

Ludlow, J. Christopher (Morgantown, WV); Spenik, James L. (Morgantown, WV)

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

422

HTR-PROTEUS Pebble Bed Experimental Program Cores 1, 1A, 2, and 3: Hexagonal Close Packing with a 1:2 Moderator-to-Fuel Pebble Ratio  

SciTech Connect

In its deployment as a pebble bed reactor (PBR) critical facility from 1992 to 1996, the PROTEUS facility was designated as HTR-PROTEUS. This experimental program was performed as part of an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on the Validation of Safety Related Physics Calculations for Low Enriched HTGRs. Within this project, critical experiments were conducted for graphite moderated LEU systems to determine core reactivity, flux and power profiles, reaction-rate ratios, the worth of control rods, both in-core and reflector based, the worth of burnable poisons, kinetic parameters, and the effects of moisture ingress on these parameters. Four benchmark experiments were evaluated in this report: Cores 1, 1A, 2, and 3. These core configurations represent the hexagonal close packing (HCP) configurations of the HTR-PROTEUS experiment with a moderator-to-fuel pebble ratio of 1:2. Core 1 represents the only configuration utilizing ZEBRA control rods. Cores 1A, 2, and 3 use withdrawable, hollow, stainless steel control rods. Cores 1 and 1A are similar except for the use of different control rods; Core 1A also has one less layer of pebbles (21 layers instead of 22). Core 2 retains the first 16 layers of pebbles from Cores 1 and 1A and has 16 layers of moderator pebbles stacked above the fueled layers. Core 3 retains the first 17 layers of pebbles but has polyethylene rods inserted between pebbles to simulate water ingress. The additional partial pebble layer (layer 18) for Core 3 was not included as it was used for core operations and not the reported critical configuration. Cores 1, 1A, 2, and 3 were determined to be acceptable benchmark experiments.

John D. Bess; Barbara H. Dolphin; James W. Sterbentz; Luka Snoj; Igor Lengar; Oliver Köberl

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Design of a novel rotary compact power pack for the series hybrid electric vehicle. Design and simulation of a compact power pack consisting of a novel rotary engine and outer rotor induction machine for the series hybrid electric vehicle powertrain.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hybrid electric vehicles significantly reduce exhaust emissions and increase fuel economy. Power packs are the most fundamental components in a series powertrain configuration of a… (more)

Amirian, Hossein

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

BeginPackage "rfPack`" Modified 28 Jul 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

voltage vRF, stable phase angle £ in units of 2¥ , and wavelength ¤ ." bucketHF::usage ¡ "bucketHF ¢ ,h compaction ¢ , an RF system with harmonic number h, peak voltage vRF, and stable phase angle £ in units of 2 with harmonic number h, peak voltage vRF, and stable phase angle £ in units of 2¥ , for particles of energy E

Keil, Eberhard

425

Effects of the Distributions of Energy or Charge Transfer Rates on Spectral Hole Burning in Pigment-Protein Complexes at Low Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effects of the distributions of excitation energy transfer (EET) rates (homogeneous line widths) on the nonphotochemical (resonant) spectral hole burning (SHB) processes in photosynthetic chlorophyll-protein complexes (reaction center [RC] and CP43 antenna of Photosystem II from spinach) are considered. It is demonstrated that inclusion of such a distribution results in somewhat more dispersive hole burning kinetics. More importantly, however, inclusion of the EET rate distributions strongly affects the dependence of the hole width on the fractional hole depth. Different types of line width distributions have been explored, including those resulting from Foerster type EET between weakly interacting pigments as well as Gaussian ones, which may be a reasonable approximation for those resulting, for instance, from so-called extended Foerster models. For Gaussian line width distributions, it is possible to determine the parameters of both line width and tunneling parameter distributions from SHB data without a priori knowledge of any of them. Concerning more realistic asymmetric distributions, we demonstrate, using the simple example of CP43 antenna, that one can use SHB modeling to estimate electrostatic couplings between pigments and support or exclude assignment of certain pigment(s) to a particular state.

Herascu, N.; Ahmouda, S.; Picorel, R.; Seibert, M.; Jankowiak, R.; Zazubovich, V.

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

426

Similarity and generalized analysis of efficiencies of thermal energy storage systems  

SciTech Connect

This paper examined the features of three typical thermal storage systems including: (1) direct storage of heat transfer fluid in containers, (2) storage of thermal energy in a packed bed of solid filler material, with energy being carried in/out by a flowing heat transfer fluid which directly contacts the packed bed, and (3) a system in which heat transfer fluid flows through tubes that are imbedded into a thermal storage material which may be solid, liquid, or a mixture of the two. The similarity of the three types of thermal storage systems was discussed, and generalized energy storage governing equations were introduced in both dimensional and dimensionless forms. The temperatures of the heat transfer fluid during energy charge and discharge processes and the overall energy storage efficiencies were studied through solution of the energy storage governing equations. Finally, provided in the paper are a series of generalized charts bearing curves for energy storage effectiveness against four dimensionless parameters grouped up from many of the thermal storage system properties including dimensions, fluid and thermal storage material properties, as well as the operational conditions including mass flow rate of the fluid, and the ratio of energy charge and discharge time periods. Engineers can conveniently look up the charts to design and calibrate the size of thermal storage tanks and operational conditions without doing complicated individual modeling and computations. It is expected that the charts will serve as standard tools for thermal storage system design and calibration.

Peiwen Li; Jon Van Lew; Cholik Chan; Wafaa Karaki; Jake Stephens; J. E. O'Brien

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Pull-Chain "Polymer" Solves Puzzle of Complex Molecular Packing |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Discovering New Talents for Diamond Discovering New Talents for Diamond Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Pull-Chain "Polymer" Solves Puzzle of Complex Molecular Packing MARCH 4, 2010 Bookmark and Share Partial three-dimensional reconstruction, from x-ray tomographic data, of the packing of 2.1-mm ball chains, projected onto a plane. When tightly packed, the chains form nearly circular rigid loops, like the one in the lower right of the image. This behavior may form the basis of a model for better predictions of the rigidity of polymers. (Image courtesy of Ling-Nan Zou and Mark L. Rivers, The University of Chicago) Sometimes the simplest things hold the key to understanding complex

428

AN UPDATED {sup 6}Li(p, {alpha}){sup 3}He REACTION RATE AT ASTROPHYSICAL ENERGIES WITH THE TROJAN HORSE METHOD  

SciTech Connect

The lithium problem influencing primordial and stellar nucleosynthesis is one of the most interesting unsolved issues in astrophysics. {sup 6}Li is the most fragile of lithium's stable isotopes and is largely destroyed in most stars during the pre-main-sequence (PMS) phase. For these stars, the convective envelope easily reaches, at least at its bottom, the relatively low {sup 6}Li ignition temperature. Thus, gaining an understanding of {sup 6}Li depletion also gives hints about the extent of convective regions. For this reason, charged-particle-induced reactions in lithium have been the subject of several studies. Low-energy extrapolations of these studies provide information about both the zero-energy astrophysical S(E) factor and the electron screening potential, U{sub e} . Thanks to recent direct measurements, new estimates of the {sup 6}Li(p, {alpha}){sup 3}He bare-nucleus S(E) factor and the corresponding U{sub e} value have been obtained by applying the Trojan Horse method to the {sup 2}H({sup 6}Li, {alpha} {sup 3}He)n reaction in quasi-free kinematics. The calculated reaction rate covers the temperature window 0.01 to 2T{sub 9} and its impact on the surface lithium depletion in PMS models with different masses and metallicities has been evaluated in detail by adopting an updated version of the FRANEC evolutionary code.

Lamia, L.; Spitaleri, C.; Sergi, M. L. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Pizzone, R. G.; Tumino, A.; La Cognata, M. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, I-95125 Catania (Italy); Tognelli, E.; Degl'Innocenti, S.; Prada Moroni, P. G. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa (Italy); Pappalardo, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra, Universita di Ferrara, I-44100 Ferrara (Italy)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Rates and Repayment Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tariff Rates FY 2014 Rates and Rate Schedules FY 2013 Rates and Rate Schedules FY 2012 Rates and Rate Schedules FY 2011 Rates and Rate Schedules FY 2010 Rates and Rate Schedules FY...

430

Modeling engine oil vaporization and transport of the oil vapor in the piston ring pack on internal combustion engines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A model was developed to study engine oil vaporization and oil vapor transport in the piston ring pack of internal combustion engines. With the assumption… (more)

Cho, Yeunwoo, 1973-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Adsorption and desorption of noble gases on activated charcoal: II. sup 222 Rn studies in a monolayer and packed bed  

SciTech Connect

The adsorptive and desorptive characteristics of canisters containing a petroleum-based charcoal were investigated under controlled conditions of temperature, relative humidity, and Rn concentration. Charcoals exposed in a monolayer and packed bed during exposure intervals of 1-7 d demonstrate that Rn adsorption and desorption are dependent on bed depth and the amount of water adsorbed. Changes in the adsorptive and desorptive properties of the charcoal occurred near the break-point where the pores became occluded by water vapor that condenses in the entrance capillaries. Radon-222 adsorption is decreased by an order of magnitude as the amount of adsorbed water exceeds the break-point of the charcoal. The reduction in pore surface due to adsorbed water results in a marked increase in the rate of Rn loss from exposed canisters, accounting for reduced adsorption. The apparent desorption time-constant for a 2-cm bed of loose Witco 6 x 10 mesh charcoal containing 0.220-0.365 kg H{sub 2}O kg-1 is typically between 2-8 h. The apparent desorption time-constant for an equivalent packed bed containing a water vapor content of 0.026-0.060 kg H{sub 2}O kg-1, which is below the break-point of the charcoal, is about 15-30 h. Conventional charcoal canisters, if exposed in the fully-opened configuration, can achieve the break-point in less than 4 d at 70% humidity. The use of a diffusion barrier would allow for longer exposure times until the break-point of the charcoal is achieved.

Scarpitta, S.C.; Harley, N.H. (Department of Energy, New York, NY (USA))

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Commercial Building Asset Rating Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 eere.energy.gov 1 eere.energy.gov Commercial Building Asset Rating Program August 23, 2011 12 p.m. ET, 9 a.m. PT Presenter: Cody Taylor PRE-DECISIONAL Information included in this document is for discussion purposes and does not constitute the final program design. FOR INFORMATION ONLY 2 eere.energy.gov Outline * Goals * Scope & schedule * Guiding principles * Program design issues - Metrics - Rating method - Rating scale - Opportunities for efficiency improvement - Quality assurance Please submit clarifying questions during today's webinar via the Q&A function of Live Meeting. 3 eere.energy.gov National Building Rating Program Goals * Facilitate cost-effective investment in energy efficiency and reduce energy use in the commercial building sector * Establish a national standard for voluntary commercial building asset rating

433

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81 - 2890 of 26,777 results. 81 - 2890 of 26,777 results. Download Commercial Cooling Par Engineering: Order (2013-CE-5312) DOE ordered Commercial Cooling Par Engineering, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Commercial Cooling Par Engineering had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/commercial-cooling-par-engineering-order-2013-ce-5312 Download Kold Pack: Order (2013-CE-5323) DOE ordered Kold Pack, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Kold Pack had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/kold-pack-order-2013-ce-5323

434

Fort Devens: Cold Climate Market-Rate Townhomes Targeting HERS Index of 40, Harvard, Massachusetts (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Achieving aggressive energy efficiency targets requires tight coordination and clear communication among owners, designers, builders, and subcontractors. For this townhome project, MassDevelopment, the quasi-governmental agency owner, selected Metric Development of Boston, teaming with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) and Cambridge Seven Architects, to build very high performing market-rate homes. Fort Devens is part of a decommissioned army base in working-class Harvard, Massachusetts, approximately one hour northwest of Boston. The team proposed 12 net zero energy-ready townhomes, meaning that the application of renewable energy systems would result in annual net zero energy use in the homes. The homes were also designed to achieve a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Index Score of 41 before adding renewables. For this project, CARB drew on its experience working with Rural Development Inc. on a series of affordable townhomes in northern Massachusetts. The team carefully planned the site to maximize solar access, daylighting, and efficient building forms. The basic strategy was to design a very efficient thermal enclosure while minimizing incremental cost increases compared with standard construction. Using BEopt modeling software, the team established the requirements of the enclosure and investigated multiple assembly options. They settled on double-wall construction with dense-pack cellulose fill. High performance vinyl windows (U-0.24, solar heat gain coefficient [SHGC]-0.22), a vented R-59 attic, and exceptional air sealing completed the package.

Metzger, C.; Zoeller, W.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Server efficiency rating tool (SERT)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Server Efficiency Rating Tool (SERT) [1] has been developed by Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC) [2] at the request of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) [3], prompted by concerns that US datacenters consumed almost 3% ... Keywords: benchmark, datacenter, energy efficiency, energy star, environmental protection agency, epa, power, rating tool, sert, server, spec

Klaus-Dieter Lange; Mike G. Tricker; Jeremy A. Arnold; Hansfried Block; Sanjay Sharma

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Gas-Liquid Contact Area of Random and Structured Packing Ian David Wilson, B.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas-Liquid Contact Area of Random and Structured Packing By Ian David Wilson, B.S. Thesis Presented are preferred over spray and tray towers for gas/liquid contacting when minimizing pressure drop and maximizing the flue gas and the liquid solvent. The gas exits from the top with a low concentration of CO2 while

Rochelle, Gary T.

437

An observer looks at the cell temperature in automotive battery packs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An observer looks at the cell temperature in automotive battery packs Maxime Deberta , Guillaume.bloch@univ-lorraine.fr Abstract The internal temperature of Li-ion batteries for electric or hybrid vehicles is an important measurement and a model. This paper presents the simplified modelling of heat transfers in a battery module

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

438

Electrically recharged battery employing a packed/spouted bed metal particle electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A secondary metal air cell, employing a spouted/packed metal particle bed and an air electrode, is described. More specifically a zinc air cell well suited for use in electric vehicles which is capable of being either electrically or hydraulically recharged. 5 figs.

Siu, S.C.; Evans, J.W.; Salas-Morales, J.

1995-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

A Genetic Algorithm with Exon Shuffling Crossover for Hard Bin Packing Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to fail. GAs Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for personalA Genetic Algorithm with Exon Shuffling Crossover for Hard Bin Packing Problems Philipp Rohlfshagen segments from its parents. The algo- rithm is tested on a set of hard benchmark problems and the results

Heinke, Dietmar

440

Study of the collision of one rapid sphere on 3D packings: Experimental and numerical results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on experimental studies of the collision process between an incident bead and a three-dimensional packing of mono-size beads. The understanding of such a process and the resulting ejection of grains is, in particular, crucial to describe aeolian ... Keywords: DEM modelisation, Granular transport, Saltation

L. Oger; M. Ammi; A. Valance; D. Beladjine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Silicon Atom Substitution Enhances Interchain Packing in a Thiophene-Based Polymer System  

SciTech Connect

A new silole-containing low bandgap polymer is synthesized by replacing the 5-position carbon of PCPDTBT with a silicon atom (PSBTBT). Through experiments and computational calculations, we show that the material properties, particular the packing of polymer chains, can be altered significantly. As a result, the polymer changes from amorphous to highly crystalline with the replacement of the silicon atom.

H Chen; J Hou; A Hayden; H Yang; K Houk; Y Yang

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

442

Rate Schedule CV-EID4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CV-EID3) UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL VALLEY PROJECT SCHEDULE OF RATE FOR ENERGY IMBALANCE SERVICE Effective: October 1, 2011,...

443

Measuring Frac-pack Conductivity at Reservoir Temperature and High Closure Stress  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultra-deepwater reservoirs are important non-conventional reservoirs that hold the potential to produce billions of barrels of hydrocarbons but present major challenges. Hydraulic fracturing or frac-packing high permeability reservoirs is different from the conventional hydraulic fracturing technology used in low permeability formations. While the main purpose of the conventional technique is to create a long, highly conductive path, frac-packing on the other hand is used predominantly to get past near wellbore formation damage, control sand production and reduce near wellbore pressure drop. Ultra-deepwater reservoirs are usually high temperature and high pressure with high permeabilities. Frac-packing these types of wells requires short fractures packed with high proppant concentrations. Understanding the behavior of the fracture fluid and proppant is critical to pump such a job successfully and to ensure long term productivity from the fracture. A series of laboratory experiments have been conducted to research the different problems resulting from high temperature and pressure which negatively affect conductivity. Unlike conventional long-term conductivity measurements, we placed the proppant into the fracture and pumped fracture fluid through it and then measured conductivity by pumping oil to represent true reservoir conditions. Proppant performance and fracture fluids clean-up during production were examined. High strength proppant is ideal for deep fracture stimulations and in this study different proppant loadings at different stresses were tested to measure the impact of crushing and embedment on conductivity. The preliminary test results indicated that oil at reservoir conditions does improve clean-up of fracture fluid left back in the proppant pack. Increasing the proppant concentration in the fracture showed higher conductivity values even at high closure stress. The increase in effective closure stress with high temperature yielded significant loss in conductivity values as compared to those obtained from industry tests.

Fernandes, Preston X.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Rates and Repayment Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Customer Letter - Preliminary Review of Drought Adder Component for 2011 Firm Power Rates 2010 Rates and Rate Schedule - Current * 2009 Rates and Rate Schedule 2008 Rates and...

445

Survey of innovative rates, 1991  

SciTech Connect

Current innovative rate data from 135 major utilities throughout the United States were gathered and analyzed. Over 1000 innovative rates that were in use by the utilities in 1990 and 1991 were identified, abstracted and entered into a database. Survey results indicate that over 616 million MWh were sold to the nearly five million customers using the innovative rates offered. From an annual sales perspective, the most widely used rates are demand-side management rates -- rates intended to change customer energy use -- and rates that are market-driven.'' The survey identified 525 demand-side management rates serving our four million customers with reported sales of approximately 520 million MWh. These rates serve over 80% of the total innovative rate customers and account for 84% of the total MWh sales. Also important in terms of MWh sales they represent are market-driven rates, which accounted for sales of 48 million MWh in 1990. Both demand-side management and market-driven rates show a 20% customer growth rate between 1988 and 1990. Other innovative rates examined in the survey included: prepaid service; load retention incentive rates; technology specific rates; and those rates related expressly to non-utility generators -- namely buy-back and standby rates.

White, L.J.; Wakefield, R.A.; McVicker, C.M.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Survey of innovative rates, 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current innovative rate data from 135 major utilities throughout the United States were gathered and analyzed. Over 1000 innovative rates that were in use by the utilities in 1990 and 1991 were identified, abstracted and entered into a database. Survey results indicate that over 616 million MWh were sold to the nearly five million customers using the innovative rates offered. From an annual sales perspective, the most widely used rates are demand-side management rates -- rates intended to change customer energy use -- and rates that are market-driven.'' The survey identified 525 demand-side management rates serving our four million customers with reported sales of approximately 520 million MWh. These rates serve over 80% of the total innovative rate customers and account for 84% of the total MWh sales. Also important in terms of the MWh sales they represent are market-driven rates, which accounted for sales of 48 million MWh in 1990. Both demand-side management and market-driven rates show a 20% customer growth rate between 1988 and 1990. Other innovative rates examined in the survey included: prepaid service; load retention incentive rates; technology specific rates; and those rates related expressly to non-utility generators -- namely buy-back and standby rates.

White, L.J.; Wakefield, R.A.; McVicker, C.M.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kold Pack, Inc. Kold Pack, Inc. (walk-in coolers and walk-in freezers) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2013-CE-5323 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: January 31,2013 Number of alleged violations: 1825 (365 days, 5 models) Maximum possible assessment: $365,000 Proposed civil penalty: $36,500 The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") Office of the General Counsel, Office of Enforcement, alleges that Kold Pack, Inc. has violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6291 et seq. ("the Act"), and 10 C.F.R. § 429.12. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Kold Pack, Inc. has manufactured 1 a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer (WICFs) components. 2. Kold Pack, Inc. has distributed for at least 365 days, and continues to distribute, WICF

448

COMMERCIALIZATION & INNOVATION - Energy  

Energy’s efforts to increase the rate and scale of clean energy technology market penetration across the country .

449

Utah Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Utah Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

450

West Virginia Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

West Virginia Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

451

Kansas Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kansas Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

452

Kentucky Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kentucky Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

453

Mississippi Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Mississippi Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

454

West Virginia Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

West Virginia Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

455

Federal Gulf Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Federal Gulf Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

456

Alabama Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Alabama Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

457

North Dakota Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

North Dakota Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

458

Pennsylvania Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Pennsylvania Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

459

Florida Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Florida Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

460

California Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

California Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rated pack energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

United States Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

United States Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

462

Alaska Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Alaska Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

463

Colorado Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Colorado Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

464

Texas Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Texas Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

465

Oklahoma Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Oklahoma Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

466

North Dakota Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

North Dakota Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

467

Wyoming Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wyoming Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

468

Florida Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Florida Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

469

Michigan Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Michigan Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

470

United States Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

United States Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

471

Federal Gulf Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Federal Gulf Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

472

South Dakota Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

South Dakota Percent of Historical Oil Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

473

Texas Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Texas Percent of Historical Gas Wells by Production Rate Bracket. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

474

Computation of Dancoff Factors for Fuel Elements Incorporating Randomly Packed TRISO Particles  

SciTech Connect

A new method for estimating the Dancoff factors in pebble beds has been developed and implemented within two computer codes. The first of these codes, INTRAPEB, is used to compute Dancoff factors for individual pebbles taking into account the random packing of TRISO particles within the fuel zone of the pebble and explicitly accounting for the finite geometry of the fuel kernels. The second code, PEBDAN, is used to compute the pebble-to-pebble contribution to the overall Dancoff factor. The latter code also accounts for the finite size of the reactor vessel and for the proximity of reflectors, as well as for fluctuations in the pebble packing density that naturally arises in pebble beds.

J. L. Kloosterman; Abderrafi M. Ougouag

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Removal of polychlorinated phenols in sequential anaerobic-aerobic biofilm reactors packed with tire chips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scrap vehicle tire chips were used as packing material for sequential anaerobic-aerobic biofilm reactors to remove persistent chlorinated hydrocarbons. Adsorption capacity of scrap tires was greater under acidic conditions than under basic conditions. However, it was only approximately 0.04 to 0.3% of that of activated carbon. The amount of biomass that attached to the surface of scrap tires was 3.16 and 3.72 mg volatile suspended solids/cm{sup 2} after 14 and 37 days, respectively. Two laboratory-scale, down-flow anaerobic-aerobic biofilm reactors packed with tire chips were operated to remove 2,4-dichlorophenol (DCP) and 4-chlorophenol (CP). More than 98% of DCP was dehalogenated to CP in the anaerobic reactor, 70 to 98% of which was subsequently degraded in the aerobic reactor. Scrap tires did not cause any operational problems when used as biofilter media.

Shin, H.S.; Yoo, K.S.; Park, J.K.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Valve Packing Performance Improvement: Sealing Technology and Plant Leakage Reduction Series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

"Valve Packing Performance Improvement" is the seventh in a series of training modules addressing leakage at nuclear power plants. The first six modules in this series address: o Leakage management programs o Assembling bolted joints with spiral-wound gaskets o Preload requirements for bolted joints with spiral-wound gaskets o Lube oil system leakage mitigation o Leakage reduction from threaded joints o Leakage reduction from bolted joints with sheet gaskets

2002-03-28T23:59:59.000Z