Sample records for rapid economic expansion

  1. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation into Rapidly Renewable Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of renewable resources. Renewable resources, whether it is energy or material, are the ones that can be regenerated within a short period time. Rapidly Renewable Materials (RRMs) are examples of such resources into Rapidly Renewable Materials: Bamboo and Cotton Mohammad Hassan Jafarian Thanet (Vic) Ying-udomrat Xiao

  2. Environmental and Resource Economics Household Energy Demand in Urban China: Accounting for regional prices and rapid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Demand in Urban China: Accounting for regional prices and rapid income change Article Type and changing demographics. We estimate income and price elasticities for these energy types using a two effects into account, we find that total energy is price-inelastic for all income groups. For individual

  3. Economic and technological advantages of using high speed sintering as a rapid manufacturing alternative in footwear applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Mike (George Mike)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapid manufacturing is a family of technologies that employ additive layer deposition techniques to construct parts from computer based design models.[2] These parts can then be used as prototypes or finished goods. One ...

  4. Rapid land use change after socio-economic disturbances: the collapse of the Soviet Union versus Chernobyl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    Chernobyl This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article after socio-economic disturbances: the collapse of the Soviet Union versus Chernobyl Patrick Hostert1 were at least as drastic as those of the nuclear disaster in the Chernobyl region in 1986. While

  5. Load regulating expansion fixture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wagner, Lawrence M. (San Jose, CA); Strum, Michael J. (San Jose, CA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A free standing self contained device for bonding ultra thin metallic films, such as 0.001 inch beryllium foils. The device will regulate to a predetermined load for solid state bonding when heated to a bonding temperature. The device includes a load regulating feature, whereby the expansion stresses generated for bonding are regulated and self adjusting. The load regulator comprises a pair of friction isolators with a plurality of annealed copper members located therebetween. The device, with the load regulator, will adjust to and maintain a stress level needed to successfully and economically complete a leak tight bond without damaging thin foils or other delicate components.

  6. Load regulating expansion fixture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wagner, L.M.; Strum, M.J.

    1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A free standing self contained device for bonding ultra thin metallic films, such as 0.001 inch beryllium foils is disclosed. The device will regulate to a predetermined load for solid state bonding when heated to a bonding temperature. The device includes a load regulating feature, whereby the expansion stresses generated for bonding are regulated and self adjusting. The load regulator comprises a pair of friction isolators with a plurality of annealed copper members located therebetween. The device, with the load regulator, will adjust to and maintain a stress level needed to successfully and economically complete a leak tight bond without damaging thin foils or other delicate components. 1 fig.

  7. SAGEWASP. Optimal Electric Utility Expansion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, P.D.II; Ullrich, C.J. [Lakeland Electric and Water, FL (United States)

    1989-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    SAGE-WASP is designed to find the optimal generation expansion policy for an electrical utility system. New units can be automatically selected from a user-supplied list of expansion candidates which can include hydroelectric and pumped storage projects. The existing system is modeled. The calculational procedure takes into account user restrictions to limit generation configurations to an area of economic interest. The optimization program reports whether the restrictions acted as a constraint on the solution. All expansion configurations considered are required to pass a user supplied reliability criterion. The discount rate and escalation rate are treated separately for each expansion candidate and for each fuel type. All expenditures are separated into local and foreign accounts, and a weighting factor can be applied to foreign expenditures.

  8. Economics Undergraduate BSc Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Economics Undergraduate BSc Economics BSc Economics and Politics #12;www.bath.ac.uk/economics Welcome to the Department of Economics The Department has a strong international research reputation in mainstream economics. Our teaching is internationally respected and our students are in demand by employers

  9. Economics Postgraduate MSc Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Economics Postgraduate MSc Economics MSc Economics & Finance MSc International Money & Banking #12;www.bath.ac.uk/economics Welcome to the Department of Economics The Department offers a range. The Department has a strong international research reputation in mainstream economics. Our teaching and research

  10. Urban Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    property taxation regional economics residential segregationexternalities urban economics urban production externalitiesproperty taxation regional economics residential segregation

  11. university-logo Graph Expansions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    St Andrews, University of

    university-logo Graph Expansions Green's Relations Closing Remarks Semigroup Graph Expansions January 2009 Rebecca Noonan Heale Semigroup Graph Expansions: #12;university-logo Graph Expansions Green;university-logo Graph Expansions Green's Relations Closing Remarks History Definitions Graph Expansions

  12. Technology transfer, resources import, and economic growth of newly industrializing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheung, Y.H.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The general characteristics of developing economies are poor resources endowments and relatively backward technologies. These characteristics are considered to be obstacles to economic growth. Yet, despite embodying these characteristics, Hong Kong, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan have grown rapidly in the past two decades. Their phenomenal growth is attributed to rapid export expansion which serves as a vehicle in securing the financing of resources import and technology transfer. The important role of export expansion was investigated in models of economic growth and international trade. The models generally fall into two classes. The first class is solely concerned with the importation of resources while the second class emphasizes transfer of technology. This dissertation presents a new class of model combining the two existing classes. In the new model, resources are being introduced into the technology transfer model developed by Feldstein and Hartman, Berglas and Jones, and Khang. Thus, the new model contains two types of imports instead of one. The two imports are advanced capital, which embodies advanced technology, and resources. The new model explains fully the phenomenal growth of the four Asian NICs by demonstrating that rapid economic growth requires massive technology transfer and the alleviation of resource constraints.

  13. The Economics Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Economics Initiative Department of Economics #12;Economics at LSE The Department of Economics is the top ranked economics department in Europe and among the top 12 worldwide. It is one of the largest economics departments in the world, with over 60 faculty and 1,000 students and a department which makes

  14. Static gas expansion cooler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Guzek, J.C.; Lujan, R.A.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is a cooler for television cameras and other temperature sensitive equipment. The cooler uses compressed gas ehich is accelerated to a high velocity by passing it through flow passageways having nozzle portions which expand the gas. This acceleration and expansion causes the gas to undergo a decrease in temperature thereby cooling the cooler body and adjacent temperature sensitive equipment.

  15. Polytope expansion of Lie characters and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walton, Mark A., E-mail: walton@uleth.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta T1K 3M4 (Canada)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The weight systems of finite-dimensional representations of complex, simple Lie algebras exhibit patterns beyond Weyl-group symmetry. These patterns occur because weight systems can be decomposed into lattice polytopes in a natural way. Since lattice polytopes are relatively simple, this decomposition is useful, in addition to being more economical than the decomposition into single weights. An expansion of characters into polytope sums follows from the polytope decomposition of weight systems. We study this polytope expansion here. A new, general formula is given for the polytope sums involved. The combinatorics of the polytope expansion are analyzed; we point out that they are reduced from those of the Weyl character formula (described by the Kostant partition function) in an optimal way. We also show that the weight multiplicities can be found easily from the polytope multiplicities, indicating explicitly the equivalence of the two descriptions. Finally, we demonstrate the utility of the polytope expansion by showing how polytope multiplicities can be used in the calculation of tensor product decompositions, and subalgebra branching rules.

  16. Constraints on Cardassian Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. J. Frith

    2003-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    High redshift supernovae and Cosmic Microwave Background data are used to constrain the Cardassian expansion model (Freese & Lewis 2002), a cosmology in which a modification to the Friedmann equation gives rise to a flat, matter-dominated Universe which is currently undergoing a phase of accelerated expansion. In particular, the precision of the positions of the Doppler peaks in the CMB angular power spectrum provided by WMAP tightly constrains the cosmology. The available parameter space is further constrained by various high redshift supernova datasets taken from Tonry et al. (2003), a sample of 230 supernovae collated from the literature, in which fits to the distance and extinction have been recomputed where possible and a consistent zero-point has been applied. In addition, the Cardassian model can also be loosely constrained by inferred upper limits on the epoch at which the Cardassian term in the modified Friedmann equation begins to dominate the expansion (z_eq). Using these methods, a Cardassian cosmology is constrained at the 2 sigma level to 0.191, as opposed to the supernova data which supports a high-Omega_m, low-n cosmology.

  17. AIAA 20030185 Aerodynamically Controlled Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    undesirable over-expansion in generalized supersonic nozzle flows. Nomenclature A cross-sectional area fgAIAA 2003­0185 Aerodynamically Controlled Expansion Nozzle for STOVL Aircraft D.A. Terrier Lockheed Controlled Expansion Nozzle for STOVL Aircraft Douglas A. Terrier* Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, Fort

  18. 0 | P a g e Economic Impact of Medical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    for Consideration 7 Economic Impact Evaluation of Medical School Models 8 Facility Considerations 10 Key Findings 110 | P a g e Economic Impact of Medical Education Expansion in Nevada EconomicImpact Assessment Table of Contents Page Introduction 2 Evaluation of Market Needs 3 Medical School Models

  19. SOLVING GENERATION EXPANSION PLANNING PROBLEMS WITH ENVIRONMENTAL CONSTRAINTS BY A BUNDLE METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solodov, Mikhail V.

    for the construction of new power plants, while ensuring economic and reliable supply to the future electricity demandSOLVING GENERATION EXPANSION PLANNING PROBLEMS WITH ENVIRONMENTAL CONSTRAINTS BY A BUNDLE METHOD discuss the energy generation expansion planning with environmental constraints, formulated as a nonsmooth

  20. Multipole Expansion Qij +

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Walter R.

    Multipole Expansion (r) = 1 4 0 q r + p · r r3 + 1 2 ij rirj r5 Qij + · · · q = (r) d3 r p = (r) r of multipole r0: E = - = 1 4 0 qn |r - r0|2 + 3 n(p · n) - p |r - r0|3 + · · · where n is unit vector in direction r - r0. Energy of multipole in external field: W = q(r0) - p · E(r0) - 1 6 ij Qij Ei rj r0

  1. Economics versus Politics: Pitfalls of Policy Advice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The standard approach to policy-making and advice in economics implicitly or explicitly ignores politics and political economy, and maintains that if possible, any market failure should be rapidly removed. This essay ...

  2. Burial Ground Expansion Hydrogeologic Characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaughan , T.F.

    1999-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Sirrine Environmental Consultants provided technical oversight of the installation of eighteen groundwater monitoring wells and six exploratory borings around the location of the Burial Ground Expansion.

  3. FINANCIAL ECONOMICS RESOURCE ECONOMICS AND POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    ECONOMICS FINANCIAL ECONOMICS RESOURCE ECONOMICS AND POLICY Program of Study The School of Economics at the University of Maine provides excellent opportunities for graduate students to study applied economics, financial economics, and policy analysis. The School of Economics administers the Master

  4. Essays in Labor Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harker Roa, Arturo

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Eco- nomicQuarterly Journal of Economics, August 1996, 111, 779-804. [Journal of Development Economics, 1996, 50, 297-312. [5

  5. Assessing economic consequences of radiation accidents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rowe, M.D.; Lee, J.C.; Grimshaw, C.A.; Kalb, P.D.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project reviewed the literature on the economic consequences of accidents to determine the availability of assessment methods and data and their applicability to the high-level radioactive waste (HLW) disposal system before closure; determined needs for expansion, revision, or adaptation of methods and data for modeling economic consequences of accidents of the scale projected for the disposal system; and gathered data that might be useful for the needed revisions. 8 refs., 1 tab.

  6. Economics of ALMR deployment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delene, J.G.; Fuller, L.C.; Hudson, C.R.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor (ALMR) has the potential to extend the economic life of the nuclear option and of reducing the number of high level waste repositories which will eventually be needed in an expanding nuclear economy. This paper reports on an analysis which models and evaluates the economics of the use of ALMRs as a component of this country`s future electricity generation mix. The ALMR concept has the ability to utilize as fuel the fissile material contained in previously irradiated nuclear fuel (i.e., spent fuel) or from surplus weapons grade material. While not a requirement for the successful deployment of ALMR power plant technology, the reprocessing of spent fuel from light water reactors (LWR) is necessary for any rapid introduction of ALMR power plants. In addition, the reprocessing of LWR spent fuel may reduce the number of high level waste repositories needed in the future by burning the long-lived actinides produced in the fission process. With this study, the relative economics of a number of potential scenarios related to these issues are evaluated. While not encompassing the full range of all possibilities, the cases reported here provide an indication of the potential costs, timings, and relative economic attractiveness of ALMR deployment.

  7. What economics courses are there? Economics and International Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Economics Essentials What economics courses are there? BA Economics Economics and International Development Economics and International Relations Economics and Politics Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) (p103) BSc Economics Economics and Management Studies Finance and Business (p46) Mathematics

  8. WARWICK ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT WARWICK ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Christopher

    WARWICK ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT twenty thirteen- fourteen Prospectus #12;WARWICK ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT-being worldwide." "Economics is the issue of the times in which we live." Contents ninety-four The percent Inspirational instruction 11 Highlighted Research 13 Behavioural Economics 14 Development 16 Economic History 18

  9. Discussion Papers in Economics Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doran, Simon J.

    Discussion Papers in Economics Department of Economics University of Surrey Guildford Surrey GU2 7 participants at Aberdeen, Essex, LSE, UCL, the Paris School of Economics and from participants in the 2007 Royal Economic Society annual conference held in Warwick, the 2007 American Law and Economics

  10. Economic analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) mandated that minimum energy efficiency standards be established for classes of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment, kitchen ranges and ovens, central air conditioners, and furnaces. EPCA requires that standards be designed to achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency that is technologically feasible and economically justified. Following the introductory chapter, Chapter Two describes the methodology used in the economic analysis and its relationship to legislative criteria for consumer product efficiency assessment; details how the CPES Value Model systematically compared and evaluated the economic impacts of regulation on the consumer, manufacturer and Nation. Chapter Three briefly displays the results of the analysis and lists the proposed performance standards by product class. Chapter Four describes the reasons for developing a baseline forecast, characterizes the baseline scenario from which regulatory impacts were calculated and summarizes the primary models, data sources and assumptions used in the baseline formulations. Chapter Five summarizes the methodology used to calculate regulatory impacts; describes the impacts of energy performance standards relative to the baseline discussed in Chapter Four. Also discussed are regional standards and other program alternatives to performance standards. Chapter Six describes the procedure for balancing consumer, manufacturer, and national impacts to select standard levels. Details of models and data bases used in the analysis are included in Appendices A through K.

  11. Essays in Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazzi, Samuel Ali

    are weak,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 2004, 86,Essays in Development Economics A dissertation submitted indegree Doctor of Philosophy in Economics by Samuel Ali Bazzi

  12. Essays in Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romem, Israel Hadas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Science and Urban Economics 41 (1), 67 – 76. Anenberg, E. (Dynamics. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2012-48.University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations

  13. Essays in Regulatory Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerrero, Santiago

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 58(2) (Journal of Environmental Economics and Management (2009), inevidence. ” Eastern Economics Journal, 23 (3) (1997), 253-

  14. Essays in Applied Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crost, Benjamin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A. D. 2008, Review of Economics and Statistics, 90, 191J. 2008, Journal of Health Economics, 27, 218 Blattman, C. &Ilmakunnas, P. 2009, Health Economics, 18, 161 Caliendo,

  15. Essays in behavioral economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eil, David Holding

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Essays in Behavioral Economics A dissertation submitted inDoctor of Philosophy in Economics by David Holding Eilfunction,” The Review of Economics and Statistics, 1995,

  16. Essays in Labor Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Donald Eric

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    staff at IRLE and the Economics Depart- ment, especiallyof New Employees,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 1985,Firm Level,” Journal of Labor Economics, 1993, 11, 442–470.

  17. Essays in Labor Economics and Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakovlev, Evgeny

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Russian Style." Journal of Public Economics 76(3):337-368Examples)”, RAND Journal of Economics, Summer. Bertrand,Quarterly Journal of Economics 119(1):249-275. Bhattacharya,

  18. Relativistic effects on plasma expansion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benkhelifa, El-Amine; Djebli, Mourad, E-mail: mdjebli@usthb.dz [USTHB, Faculty of Physics, Theoretical Physics Laboratory, B.P. 32 Bab-Ezzouar, 16079 Algiers (Algeria)

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The expansion of electron-ion plasma is studied through a fully relativistic multi-fluids plasma model which includes thermal pressure, ambipolar electrostatic potential, and internal energy conversion. Numerical investigation, based on quasi-neutral assumption, is performed for three different regimes: nonrelativistic, weakly relativistic, and relativistic. Ions' front in weakly relativistic regime exhibits spiky structure associated with a break-down of quasi-neutrality at the expanding front. In the relativistic regime, ion velocity is found to reach a saturation limit which occurs at earlier stages of the expansion. This limit is enhanced by higher electron velocity.

  19. > PAPER FOR THE SPECIAL SECTION ON TRANSMISSION INVESTMENT, PRICING AND CONSTRUCTION economic perspective, the appropriate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --From an economic perspective, the appropriate criterion for assessing the merits of a transmission investment, it must be capable of evaluating the economic impacts on the various effected stakeholders and account. Index Terms--Market power, network expansion planning, power system economics, power transmission

  20. Economic Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGasRelease Date:research community -- hostedEconomic Development

  1. ECONOMIC DISPATCH

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S.ContaminationJulySavannah River Site for Use by theDelivery,ECONOMIC DISPATCH OF

  2. Essays in Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keats, Anthony

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Discontinuity Designs in Economics," Journal of EconomicJournal of Development Economics 87(1): 57-75. [21] Ozier,Journal of Development Economics 94, 151-163. [9] Delavande,

  3. WEST VIRGINIA ECONOMIC OUTLOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    WEST VIRGINIA ECONOMIC OUTLOOK 2009 BUREAU OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMIC RESEARCH College of Business and Economics West Virginia University #12;West Virginia Economic Outlook 2009 George W. Hammond, Associate Director, BBER, and Associate Professor of Economics West Virginia Economic Outlook 2009 is published

  4. Economics & Finance Degree options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    98 Economics & Finance Degree options MA or BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Applied Economics Economics Financial Economics BA (International Honours Degree) Economics (See page 51) MA or BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Economics and one of: Geography Management Mathematics MA (Joint Honours Degrees

  5. Economic Growth and Development Economics 777

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    Economic Growth and Development Economics 777 July 18, 2008 Fall Semester 2008 Professor J. H. Mc of economic growth and development. We will analyze several different growth models and look at some recent empirical research. Text The text for this course is: Economic Growth (2nd Edition) by Robert J. Barro

  6. Essays in Applied Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rider, Jessica Kristin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GRAND RAPIDS GREEN BAY HARRISBURG/SCRANT HARTFORD HOUSTONGRAND RAPIDS GREEN BAY HARRISBURG/SCRANT HARTFORD HOUSTON

  7. Essays on monetary economics and financial economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sok Won

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    ESSAYS ON MONETARY ECONOMICS AND FINANCIAL ECONOMICS A Dissertation by SOK WON KIM Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR... OF PHILOSOPHY August 2006 Major Subject: Economics ESSAYS ON MONETARY ECONOMICS AND FINANCIAL ECONOMICS A Dissertation by SOK WON KIM Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University...

  8. Calculate thermal-expansion coefficients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yaws, C.L. [Lamar Univ., Beaumont, TX (United States)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To properly design and use process equipment, an engineer needs a sound knowledge of physical and thermodynamic property data. A lack of such knowledge can lead to design or operating mistakes that can be dangerous, costly or even fatal. One useful type of property data is the thermal-expansion coefficient. This article presents equations and tables to find the thermal-expansion coefficients of many liquids that contain carbon. These data are useful in process-engineering applications, including the design of relief systems which are crucial to safeguarding process equipment. Data are provided for approximately 350 compounds. A computer software program, which contains the thermophysical property data for all of the compounds discussed in this article, is available for $43 prepaid from the author (Carl L. Yaws, Box 10053, Lamar University, beaumont, TX 77710; Tel. 409-880-8787; fax 409-880-8404). The program is in ASCII format, which can be accessed by most other types of computer software.

  9. Production expansion continues to accelerate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) is continuing its accelerated Crude Oil Expansion Program initiated in 1989 that aims at achieving a 10 million bpd productive capacity by 1995. In addition to major engineering, construction and renovation work related to production expansion, Saudi Aramco drilling and workover operations have been markedly expanded. Since January 1991, rig activity has doubled. As an indication of aging of Saudi production, projects include modernizing current injection water treatment facilities, installing a new seawater injection plant on the Persian Gulf, installing dewatering facilities in a number of locations and installing a pilot gas lift project. In addition, equipment orders indicate the new discoveries south of Riyadh may also need the assistance of water injection from inception of production.

  10. Capacity expansion in contemporary telecommunication networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivaraman, Raghavendran

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study three capacity expansion problems in contemporary long distance telecommunication networks. The first two problems, motivated by a major long distance provider, address capacity expansion in national hybrid long ...

  11. Modified Fourier expansions: theory, construction and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adcock, Ben

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Modified Fourier expansions present an alternative to more standard algorithms for the approximation of nonperiodic functions in bounded domains. This thesis addresses the theory of such expansions, their effective construction and computation...

  12. Greening the Internal Market in a Difficult Economic Climate 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howarth, D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2008 was a year of turmoil in the financial markets, rapid economic slowdown and the start of recession in several European economies, bank bailouts and growing calls for protectionism. We might expect the principal casualties of these developments...

  13. Opportunities for technological and economic development policy in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalquist, Stephanie K. (Stephanie Kay), 1981-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil's transformation from an agriculturally-based colonial economy to an industrial republic spans seven decades - from the 1930s to the present - with three rapid growth phases which were each followed by economic and ...

  14. Water Scarcity, Climate Change, and Water Quality: Three Economic Essays 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Yongxia

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation is composed of three essays investigating three aspects of future water issues. The first essay focuses on an examination of water scarcity issues caused by rapid population growth and economic development ...

  15. Indian Policy and Westward Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malin, James Claude

    1921-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and the in vestigation of his activity on that committee led to a study of Indian policy in the Trans-Mississippi Valley and its relation to the westward movement. This latter problem, begun as a phase of Atchison's career in the Senate, de veloped into one... policy and its relation to westward expansion now furnish a frame-work upon which the history of the Trans-Mississippi Valley before the Civil War may be written. The period is given a unity otherwise impossible and a foundation is laid upon which...

  16. Essays in Energy Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spurlock, Cecily Anna

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of work,” Journal of Labor Economics, pp. 209–236. Chen, X.Regional science and urban economics, 12(3), 313–324.2009): “Psychology and economics: Evidence from the field,”

  17. Essays in Team Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tumlinson, Justin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3] Becker, G. , The Economics of Discrimination. UniversityEngland and Wales. ”Labour Economics, 7 (2000): 603-28. [5]The Bell Journal of Economics, 13 (1982): [11] Judge, T.

  18. Essays in Public Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Insook

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evasion and Labour Supply" Economics Let- ters, 3(1): 53-among Siblings" Review of Economics and Statistics, 86 (2):Quarterly Journal of Economics, 87 (4): 608-626. [22

  19. Essays on health economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shafrin, Jason T.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Quarterly Journal of Economics Davidson SM, Manheim LM,The Quarterly Journal of Economics 84(3): 488-500. Atella V,data. Journal of Health Economics 27(3): 770-785. Averett S

  20. Essays in Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hicks, Joan Hamory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Handbook of Development Economics, Volume I (pp. 713-762).Journal of Development Economics, 81, 80-96. Behrman, JereJournal of Development Economics, 79, 349-373. Dercon,

  1. Essays in Public Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liscow, Zachary

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a Battleground. ” Defense Economics, 2: 219-233. Bailey, TA,Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112: 1057-1090. Coakley, J.Goldin, C. 1973. “The Economics of Emancipation. ” Journal

  2. Essays in Applied Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rider, Jessica Kristin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, 41(1):82, [8]hard times. Journal of Health Economics, [31] C.J. Ruhm. AreJournal of Agricultural Economics, 87(5):1159– [2] J.K.

  3. Essays in labor economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, Tiffany

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Population Economics , 15(4), 667-682. Akerlof,A. & Rachel E. Kranton. (2000). Economics and Identity.Quarterly Journal of Economics , 115(3), 715-753. Albanesi,

  4. Essays in monetary economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghent, Andra C.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rium. Journal of Urban Economics 9, 332-348. Whelan, K. ,Framework. Journal of Monetary Economics 12, 383-398. Chari,Journal of Monetary Economics 46, 281-313. Fernald, J. ,

  5. Essays in Public Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wingender, Philippe

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117(4), 1329-1368.eds. , Handbook of Labor Economics, Vol.3. Bound, J. ,Journal of Labor Economics, 19(1), 22-64. Chen, X. and

  6. Essays in Financial Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohn, Sung Bin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Financial Economics, 67, 149– Asquith, P. and D.Journal of Financial Economics, 15, 61–89. Back, K. and J.The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 113, 869–902. Blanchard,

  7. Essays in Environmental Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallagher, Justin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sites. RAND Journal of Economics, 27(3), 1996. [57] Robertequations. Journal of Urban Economics, 10(1), July 1981. [Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(1), February 2001. [16

  8. Essays in Environmental Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foreman, Kathleen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Regional Sci- ence and Urban Economics, 22(1):103–121, MarchBridge. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 14(2):pp.Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 5(1):66 – 88,

  9. Essays on International Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cravino, Javier Pablo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of International Economics, Vol. 65, 375–99. [33]Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 51, No. 1, pp. 1–32. [Trade”, Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 54, No. 6, pp.

  10. Essays in Financial Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shabani, Reza

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Financial Economics 92:66–91. [7] Chen, J. , H.G.Journal of Financial Economics 66:171–205. [8] Harrison,Journal of Financial Economics 66:207–239. [15] Keown,

  11. Can combining economizers with improved filtration save energy and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    electricity demand in this rapidly growing economic sector. Widespread economizer implementation, however, has electricity demand. For example, in 2005, US data center operations required about 45 billion k center energy demand while providing a level of protection from particles of outdoor origin similar

  12. An Economic Exploration of Biofuel basedAn Economic Exploration of Biofuel based Greenhouse Gas Emission MitigationGreenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    An Economic Exploration of Biofuel basedAn Economic Exploration of Biofuel based Greenhouse Gas Afforestation, Forest management, Biofuels, Ag soil, Animals, Fertilization, Rice, Grassland expansion, Manure of Biofuel strategies Examine the dynamics of mitigation strategies #12;PolicyPolicy ContextContext U

  13. High thermal expansion, sealing glass

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brow, Richard K. (Albuquerque, NM); Kovacic, Larry (Albuquerque, NM)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A glass composition for hermetically sealing to high thermal expansion materials such as aluminum alloys, stainless steels, copper, and copper/beryllium alloys, which includes between about 10 and about 25 mole percent Na.sub.2 O, between about 10 and about 25 mole percent K.sub.2 O, between about 5 and about 15 mole percent Al.sub.2 O.sub.3, between about 35 and about 50 mole percent P.sub.2 O.sub.5 and between about 5 and about 15 mole percent of one of PbO, BaO, and mixtures thereof. The composition, which may also include between 0 and about 5 mole percent Fe.sub.2 O.sub.3 and between 0 and about 10 mole percent B.sub.2 O.sub.3, has a thermal expansion coefficient in a range of between about 160 and 210.times.10-7/.degree.C. and a dissolution rate in a range of between about 2.times.10.sup.- 7 and 2.times.10.sup.-9 g/cm.sup.2 -min. This composition is suitable to hermetically seal to metallic electrical components which will be subjected to humid environments over an extended period of time.

  14. High thermal expansion, sealing glass

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brow, R.K.; Kovacic, L.

    1993-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A glass composition is described for hermetically sealing to high thermal expansion materials such as aluminum alloys, stainless steels, copper, and copper/beryllium alloys, which includes between about 10 and about 25 mole percent Na[sub 2]O, between about 10 and about 25 mole percent K[sub 2]O, between about 5 and about 15 mole percent Al[sub 2]O[sub 3], between about 35 and about 50 mole percent P[sub 2]O[sub 5] and between about 5 and about 15 mole percent of one of PbO, BaO, and mixtures thereof. The composition, which may also include between 0 and about 5 mole percent Fe[sub 2]O[sub 3] and between 0 and about 10 mole percent B[sub 2]O[sub 3], has a thermal expansion coefficient in a range of between about 160 and 210[times]10[sup [minus]7]/C and a dissolution rate in a range of between about 2[times]10[sup [minus]7] and 2[times]10[sup [minus]9]g/cm[sup 2]-min. This composition is suitable to hermetically seal to metallic electrical components which will be subjected to humid environments over an extended period of time.

  15. Gyrification from constrained cortical expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuomas Tallinen; Jun Young Chung; John S. Biggins; L. Mahadevan

    2015-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The exterior of the mammalian brain - the cerebral cortex - has a conserved layered structure whose thickness varies little across species. However, selection pressures over evolutionary time scales have led to cortices that have a large surface area to volume ratio in some organisms, with the result that the brain is strongly convoluted into sulci and gyri. Here we show that the gyrification can arise as a nonlinear consequence of a simple mechanical instability driven by tangential expansion of the gray matter constrained by the white matter. A physical mimic of the process using a layered swelling gel captures the essence of the mechanism, and numerical simulations of the brain treated as a soft solid lead to the formation of cusped sulci and smooth gyri similar to those in the brain. The resulting gyrification patterns are a function of relative cortical expansion and relative thickness (compared with brain size), and are consistent with observations of a wide range of brains, ranging from smooth to highly convoluted. Furthermore, this dependence on two simple geometric parameters that characterize the brain also allows us to qualitatively explain how variations in these parameters lead to anatomical anomalies in such situations as polymicrogyria, pachygyria, and lissencephalia.

  16. Abductive Reasoning, Belief Expansion and Nonmonotonic Consequence \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pagnucco, Maurice

    Abductive Reasoning, Belief Expansion and Nonmonotonic Consequence \\Lambda Maurice Pagnucco Abhaya operator known as abductive expansion which adds abductive inference to the belief expansion process. They develop rationality postulates for abductive belief expansion and provide a construction in terms

  17. Rapid road repair vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mara, Leo M. (Livermore, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed are improvments to a rapid road repair vehicle comprising an improved cleaning device arrangement, two dispensing arrays for filling defects more rapidly and efficiently, an array of pre-heaters to heat the road way surface in order to help the repair material better bond to the repaired surface, a means for detecting, measuring, and computing the number, location and volume of each of the detected surface imperfection, and a computer means schema for controlling the operation of the plurality of vehicle subsystems. The improved vehicle is, therefore, better able to perform its intended function of filling surface imperfections while moving over those surfaces at near normal traffic speeds.

  18. Accelerated expansion from cosmological holography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Putten, Maurice H P M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that holographic cosmology implies an evolving Hubble radius $c^{-1}\\dot{R}_H = -1 + 3\\Omega_m$ in the presence of a dimensionless matter density $\\Omega_m$ scaled to the closure density $3H^2/8\\pi G$, where $c$ denotes the velocity of light and $H$ and $G$ denote the Hubble parameter and Newton's constant. It reveals a dynamical dark energy and a sixfold increase in gravitational attraction to matter on the scale of the Hubble acceleration. It reproduces the transition redshift $z_t\\simeq 0.4$ to the present epoch of accelerated expansion and is consistent with $(q_0,(dq/dz)_0)$ of the deceleration parameter $q(z)=q_0+(dq/dz)_0z$ observed in Type Ia supernovae.

  19. Light disappears rapidly (exponentially)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kudela, Raphael M.

    #12;#12;#12;#12;Light disappears rapidly (exponentially) with depth At the same time, the color of the light shifts #12;#12;#12;#12;· Euphotic zone ­ plentiful light ­ 0-100 m (about) · Dysphotic zone ­ very, very little light ­ 100-1000 m (about) · Aphotic zone ­ no light ­ below 1000 m #12;Sunlight in Water

  20. Economics Department Mission Statement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Huiqiang

    Economics Department Mission Statement The mission of the Economics Department at the University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown is to develop the ability of our students to understand economic concepts, and in public policy. The central goals of an education in economics are to acquire: -- an understanding of how

  1. DOE/EA-0845 Environmental Assessment Expansion

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    45 Environmental Assessment Expansion of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Research Center March 1994 U.S. Department of Energy MASTER DOE Idaho Operations Office Idaho...

  2. Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Infrastructure Security...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Year-in-Review: 2010 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability U.S....

  3. 1 Economics The study of economics investigates the consequences of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    1 Economics ECONOMICS The study of economics investigates the consequences of scarcity, which forces people, organizations and governments to choose among competing objectives. Economics looks, unemployment, inflation, economic growth and the use and distribution of resources within and across nations

  4. Application of Fast Marching Methods for Rapid Reservoir Forecast and Uncertainty Quantification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olalotiti-Lawal, Feyisayo

    2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapid economic evaluations of investment alternatives in the oil and gas industry are typically contingent on fast and credible evaluations of reservoir models to make future forecasts. It is often important to also quantify inherent risks...

  5. Leveraging infrastructure : sustainable bus rapid transit route planning in Beirut, Lebanon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabti, Jumana M., 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis applies the concepts of urban design, public transportation planning, economic development, and sustainability, to the routing and site plan of a two-kilometer bus rapid transit (BRT) line segment into downtown ...

  6. Rapid road repair vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mara, Leo M. (Livermore, CA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is a rapid road repair vehicle capable of moving over a surface to be repaired at near normal posted traffic speeds to scan for and find an the high rate of speed, imperfections in the pavement surface, prepare the surface imperfection for repair by air pressure and vacuum cleaning, applying a correct amount of the correct patching material to effect the repair, smooth the resulting repaired surface, and catalog the location and quality of the repairs for maintenance records of the road surface. The rapid road repair vehicle can repair surface imperfections at lower cost, improved quality, at a higher rate of speed than was was heretofor possible, with significantly reduced exposure to safety and health hazards associated with this kind of road repair activities in the past.

  7. Rapid road repair vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mara, L.M.

    1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is a rapid road repair vehicle capable of moving over a surface to be repaired at near normal posted traffic speeds to scan for and find at the high rate of speed, imperfections in the pavement surface, prepare the surface imperfection for repair by air pressure and vacuum cleaning, applying a correct amount of the correct patching material to effect the repair, smooth the resulting repaired surface, and catalog the location and quality of the repairs for maintenance records of the road surface. The rapid road repair vehicle can repair surface imperfections at lower cost, improved quality, at a higher rate of speed than was not heretofor possible, with significantly reduced exposure to safety and health hazards associated with this kind of road repair activities in the past. 2 figs.

  8. Rapidly refuelable fuel cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Joy, R.W.

    1982-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A rapidly refuelable dual cell of an electrochemical type is described wherein a single anode cooperates with two cathodes and wherein the anode has a fixed position and the cathodes are urged toward opposite faces of the anodes at constant and uniform force. The associated cathodes are automatically retractable to permit the consumed anode remains to be removed from the housing and a new anode inserted between the two cathodes.

  9. Delayed Linear Expansion of Two Ultra-low Expansion Dental Stones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oppedisano, Michael

    2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to measure the linear setting expansion of two ultra-low expansion dental stones used in definitive cast/ prosthesis fabrication which claim to have very low to no setting expansion. Five specimens of each material...

  10. Delayed Linear Expansion of Two Ultra-low Expansion Dental Stones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oppedisano, Michael

    2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to measure the linear setting expansion of two ultra-low expansion dental stones used in definitive cast/ prosthesis fabrication which claim to have very low to no setting expansion. Five specimens of each material...

  11. Matched asymptotic expansions in financial engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howison, Sam

    Matched asymptotic expansions in financial engineering Sam Howison OCIAM and Nomura Centre of the approach in `plain vanilla' option valuation, in valuation using a fast mean-reverting-stochastic expansions applied directly to stochastic processes of diffusion type is also proposed. Keywords: option

  12. Multipole expansion method for supernova neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duan, Huaiyu

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate a multipole expansion method to calculate collective neutrino oscillations in supernovae using the neutrino bulb model. We show that it is much more efficient to solve multi-angle neutrino oscillations in multipole basis than in angle basis. The multipole expansion method also provides interesting insights into multi-angle calculations that were accomplished previously in angle basis.

  13. Multipole expansion method for supernova neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huaiyu Duan; Shashank Shalgar

    2014-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate a multipole expansion method to calculate collective neutrino oscillations in supernovae using the neutrino bulb model. We show that it is much more efficient to solve multi-angle neutrino oscillations in multipole basis than in angle basis. The multipole expansion method also provides interesting insights into multi-angle calculations that were accomplished previously in angle basis.

  14. Multipole Expansion Model in Gravitational Lensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Fukuyama; Y. Kakigi; T. Okamura

    1997-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-transparent models of multipole expansion model and two point-mass model are analyzed from the catastrophe theory. Singularity behaviours of $2^n$-pole moments are discussed. We apply these models to triple quasar PG1115+080 and compare with the typical transparent model, softened power law spheroids. Multipole expansion model gives the best fit among them.

  15. Essays in labor economics and the economics of education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Jaime Lynn

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quarterly Journal of Economics. Kane, Thomas J. and CeciliaEducational Aspirations. ” Economics of Education Review,Educational Attainment. ” Economics of Education Review, 19:

  16. DILIP MOOKHERJEE Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    09/09 DILIP MOOKHERJEE OFFICE: Department of Economics 270 Bay State Road Boston, MA 02215. Tel: Development, Microeconomics. EDUCATION: Ph.D. (Economics), London School of Economics, 1982. M.Sc.(Econometrics and Mathematical Economics), London School of Economics, 1980. M.A . (Economics), Delhi School of Economics, 1978

  17. Economic Value of Agricultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic Value of Agricultural Research Public Investment in Texas Agricultural Research Yields Significant Economic Returns #12;Texas agricultural producers and especially consumers benefit directly from public investment in agricultural research. According to a 2006 study (Huffman and Evenson), the overall

  18. Water Resources Policy & Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    Water Resources Policy & Economics FOR 4984 Selected Course Topics · Appropriative and riparian water institutions · Incentives for conservation · Water rights for in-stream environmental use · Surface water-groundwater management · Water quality regulations · Water markets · Economic and policy

  19. Economic Improvement Districts (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A legislative body may adopt an ordinance establishing an economic improvement district and an Economic Improvement Board to manage development in a respective district. The Board can choose to...

  20. in Economics and Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Torre, Leon

    Master's in Economics and Finance ­ #12;2 3 "A research-centred institution with a personal REASONS TO STUDY The Master's in Economics and Finance programme targets students wishing to obtain a comprehensive and rigorous education in Economics and Finance. It emphasizes the complementary nature

  1. Economic Evaluation of Radiopharmaceutical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    97-2 Planning Report Economic Evaluation of Radiopharmaceutical Research at NIST U.S Department Radiation Division Physics Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology #12;Economic Evaluation in this report. #12;Economic Evaluation of Radiopharmaceutical Research at NIST I. Introduction Nuclear medicine

  2. CHARTING BC'S ECONOMIC FUTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavanagh, Karen L.

    CHARTING BC'S ECONOMIC FUTURE discussionguide 100communityconversations #12;1 Thank you for agreeing to participate in this Community Conversation about BC's economic future. Each year Simon Fraser is "Charting BC's Economic Future". Faced with an increasingly competitive global economy, it is more important

  3. Three Essays on Financial Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Haonan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Financial Economics, February 2003, 67 (2), 217–Journal of Financial Economics, March 2008, 87 (3), 706–739.International Finance and Economics, 2008. Schiozer, Rafael

  4. Sudden Expansion of a One-Dimensional Bose Gas from Power-Law Traps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Campbell; D. M. Gangardt; K. V. Kheruntsyan

    2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze free expansion of a trapped one-dimensional Bose gas after a sudden release from the confining trap potential. By using the stationary phase and local density approximations, we show that the long-time asymptotic density profile and the momentum distribution of the gas are determined by the initial distribution of Bethe rapidities (quasimomenta) and hence can be obtained from the solutions to the Lieb-Liniger equations in the thermodynamic limit. For expansion from a harmonic trap, and in the limits of very weak and very strong interactions, we recover the self-similar scaling solutions known from the hydrodynamic approach. For all other power-law traps and arbitrary interaction strengths, the expansion is not self-similar and shows strong dependence of the density profile evolution on the trap anharmonicity. We also characterize dynamical fermionization of the expanding cloud in terms of correlation functions describing phase and density fluctuations.

  5. Concentric ring flywheel without expansion separators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuklo, Thomas C. (Oakdale, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A concentric ring flywheel wherein the adjacent rings are configured to eliminate the need for differential expansion separators between the adjacent rings. This is accomplished by forming a circumferential step on an outer surface of an inner concentric ring and forming a matching circumferential step on the inner surface of an adjacent outer concentric ring. During operation the circumferential steps allow the rings to differentially expand due to the difference in the radius of the rings without the formation of gaps therebetween, thereby eliminating the need for expansion separators to take up the gaps formed by differential expansion.

  6. Concentric ring flywheel without expansion separators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuklo, T.C.

    1999-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A concentric ring flywheel wherein the adjacent rings are configured to eliminate the need for differential expansion separators between the adjacent rings. This is accomplished by forming a circumferential step on an outer surface of an inner concentric ring and forming a matching circumferential step on the inner surface of an adjacent outer concentric ring. During operation the circumferential steps allow the rings to differentially expand due to the difference in the radius of the rings without the formation of gaps therebetween, thereby eliminating the need for expansion separators to take up the gaps formed by differential expansion. 3 figs.

  7. Aussie LNG players target NE Asia in expansion bid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Australia's natural gas players, keen to increase their presence in world liquefied natural gas trade, see Asia as their major LNG market in the decades to come. That's despite the fact that two spot cargoes of Australian Northwest Shelf LNG were shipped to Europe during the last 12 months and more are likely in 1994. Opportunities for growth are foreseen within the confines of the existing Northwest Shelf gas project for the rest of the 1990s. But the main focus for potential new grassroots project developers and expansions of the existing LNG plant in Australia is the expected shortfall in contract volumes of LNG to Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan during 2000--2010. Traditionally the price of crude oil has been used as a basis for calculating LNG prices. This means the economics of any new 21st century supply arrangements are delicately poised because of the current low world oil prices, a trend the market believes is likely to continue. In a bid to lessen the effect of high initial capital outlays and still meet projected demand using LNG from new projects and expansion of the existing plant, Australia's gas producers are working toward greater cooperation with prospective Asian buyers.

  8. Major Business Expansion Bond Program (Maine)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Major Business Expansion Bond Program provides long-term, credit-enhanced financing up to $25,000,000 at taxable bond rates for businesses creating or retaining at least 50 jobs; up to $10,000...

  9. Expansion of Bubbles in Inflationary Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Mohazzab; M. M. Sheikh Jabbari; H. Salehi

    1995-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that particle production during the expansion of bubbles of true vacuum in the sea of false vacuum is possible and calculate the resulting rate. As a result the nucleated bubbles cannot expand due to the transfer of false vacuum energy to the created particles inside the bubbles. Therefore all the inflationary models dealing with the nucleation and expansion of the bubbles (including extended inflation) may not be viable.

  10. Solid state rapid thermocycling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beer, Neil Reginald; Spadaccini, Christopher

    2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The rapid thermal cycling of a material is targeted. A solid state heat exchanger with a first well and second well is coupled to a power module. A thermoelectric element is coupled to the first well, the second well, and the power module, is configured to transfer thermal energy from the first well to the second well when current from the power module flows through the thermoelectric element in a first direction, and is configured to transfer thermal energy from the second well to the first well when current from the power module flows through the thermoelectric element in a second direction. A controller may be coupled to the thermoelectric elements, and may switch the direction of current flowing through the thermoelectric element in response to a determination by sensors coupled to the wells that the amount of thermal energy in the wells falls below or exceeds a pre-determined threshold.

  11. Direct Entry Accounting and Economics School of Business and Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    Direct Entry ­ Accounting and Economics School of Business and Economics Accounting Students who.acis.canterbury.ac.nz #12;Direct Entry ­ Accounting and Economics School of Business and Economics Economics In order to obtain direct entry to 200 level economics (ECON 206 and ECON 207/208) in their first year of university

  12. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS MIHAYLO COLLEGE OF BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS MIHAYLO COLLEGE OF BUSINESS & ECONOMICS Economics Up to Two Tenure-Track Positions The Department of Economics at the Mihaylo College of Business and Economics at California State of Economics, 800 North State College Blvd., Fullerton, CA 92831. Application Deadline Incomplete files

  13. Advances in rapid prototyping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atwood, C.L.; McCarty, G.D.; Pardo, B.T.; Bryce, E.A.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent advances in stereolithography and selective laser sintering have had a significant impact on the overall quality of parts produced using these rapid prototyping processes. The development and implementation of 3D System`s QuickCast{trademark} resin and software for building investment casting patterns have proven to be major steps toward fabricating highly accurate patterns with very good surface finishes. Sandia uses patterns generated from rapid prototyping processes to reduce the cycle time and cost of fabricating prototype parts in support of a Sandia National Laboratories managed program called FASTCAST. As participants in the Beta test program for QuickCast{trademark} resin and software, they experienced a steep learning curve and were able to build accurate parts in a short period of time. It is now possible, using this technology, to produce highly accurate prototype parts as well as acceptable firs article and small lots size production parts. They use the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) process to fabricate prototype wax patterns for investment casting. DTM Corporation recently introduced the use of their polycarbonate material for fabricating investment casting patterns. The polycarbonate material is processed significantly faster, with improved strength, dimensional stability, and without a support structure during the build process. Sandia is currently changing from investment casting wax to polycarbonate for the fabrication of investment casting patterns using the SLS process. This presentation will focus on the successes with these new materials from the standpoints of application, accuracy, surface finish, and post processing. Also presented will be examples of parts manufactured by these processes.

  14. WOLFGANG PESENDORFER Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WOLFGANG PESENDORFER Department of Economics Princeton University (609) 258 4017 DATE May 2014. EMPLOYMENT Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Northwestern University, 1992-96. Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Northwestern University, 1996-97 Professor, Department of Economics

  15. Heat Flow Database Expansion for NGDS Data Development, Collection...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Heat Flow Database Expansion for NGDS Data Development, Collection and Maintenance (SMU) Heat Flow Database Expansion for NGDS Data Development, Collection and Maintenance (SMU)...

  16. Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Year-in-Review 2011...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Infrastructure Events and Expansions Year-in-Review 2011 Available (April 2012) Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Year-in-Review 2011 Available (April 2012) May 1, 2012 -...

  17. Year-in-Review: 2014 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Year-in-Review: 2014 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Report Now Available (May 2015) Year-in-Review: 2014 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Report Now...

  18. Year-in-Review: 2013 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Now Available (May 2014) Year-in-Review: 2013 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Now Available (May 2014) May 12, 2014 -...

  19. Year-in-Review: 2012 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Now Available (July 2013) Year-in-Review: 2012 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Now Available (July 2013) July 26, 2013 -...

  20. Expansion of Novolyte Capacity for Lithium Ion Electrolyte Production...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    15eswise2012p.pdf More Documents & Publications Expansion of Novolyte Capacity for Lithium Ion Electrolyte Production Expansion of Novolyte Capacity for Lithium Ion Electrolyte...

  1. Expansion of Novolyte Capacity for Lithium Ion Electrolyte Production...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    15eswise2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications Expansion of Novolyte Capacity for Lithium Ion Electrolyte Production Expansion of Novolyte Capacity for Lithium Ion Electrolyte...

  2. High Efficiency Full Expansion (FEx) Engine for Automotive Application...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Full Expansion (FEx) Engine for Automotive Applications High Efficiency Full Expansion (FEx) Engine for Automotive Applications Large increases in engine thermal efficiency result...

  3. PICES Press Vol. 20, No. 1 North Pacific Marine Science Organization 2011 PICES Rapid Assessment Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    countries and are also indispensable for international calibration and standardization of both taxonomyPICES Press Vol. 20, No. 1 North Pacific Marine Science Organization 2011 PICES Rapid for harmful organisms' expansion in the Pacific Rim" supported by a voluntary contribution from the Ministry

  4. Effects of restraint on expansion due to delayed ettringite formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bouzabata, Hassina [Universite de Toulouse, UPS, INSA, LMDC (Laboratoire Materiaux et Durabilite des Constructions), 135, avenue de Rangueil, F-31 077 Toulouse Cedex 04 (France); Laboratoire Materiaux et Durabilite des Constructions, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Constantine (Algeria); Multon, Stephane, E-mail: multon@insa-toulouse.fr [Universite de Toulouse, UPS, INSA, LMDC (Laboratoire Materiaux et Durabilite des Constructions), 135, avenue de Rangueil, F-31 077 Toulouse Cedex 04 (France); Sellier, Alain [Universite de Toulouse, UPS, INSA, LMDC (Laboratoire Materiaux et Durabilite des Constructions), 135, avenue de Rangueil, F-31 077 Toulouse Cedex 04 (France); Houari, Hacene [Laboratoire Materiaux et Durabilite des Constructions, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Constantine (Algeria)

    2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Delayed ettringite formation (DEF) is a chemical reaction that causes expansion in civil engineering structures. The safety level of such damaged structures has to be reassessed. To do this, the mechanical conditions acting on DEF expansions have to be analysed and, in particular, the variation of strength with expansion and the effect of restraint on the DEF expansion. This paper highlights several points: DEF expansion is isotropic in stress-free conditions, compressive stresses decrease DEF expansion in the direction subjected to restraint and lead to cracks parallel to the restraint, and expansion measured in the stress-free direction of restrained specimens is not modified. Thus restraint causes a decrease of the volumetric expansion and DEF expansion under restraint is anisotropic. Moreover, the paper examines the correlation between DEF expansion and concrete damage, providing data that can be used for the quantification of the effect of stresses on DEF induced expansion.

  5. Forecasting oilfield economic performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, M.E. (Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)); Wood, A.R.O. (BP Exploration, Anchorage, AK (United States))

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a general method for forecasting oilfield economic performance that integrates cost data with operational, reservoir, and financial information. Practices are developed for determining economic limits for an oil field and its components. The economic limits of marginal wells and the role of underground competition receive special attention. Also examined is the influence of oil prices on operating costs. Examples illustrate application of these concepts. Categorization of costs for historical tracking and projections is recommended.

  6. Economics (College of Arts and Sciences) The economics major focuses on economics as a social science.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    Economics (College of Arts and Sciences) The economics major focuses on economics as a social in the world? What types of political regimes best promote economic development? Are resource-rich developing countries cursed? Are drug cartels economically sound? Can humans work towards a better economic basis

  7. SWAMC Economic Summit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 27th Annual Southwest Alaska Economic Summit and Business Meeting is a three-day conference covering energy efficiency planning, information on Alaska programs, and more.

  8. Essays in Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romem, Israel Hadas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kingdom in Ancient Egypt Introduction . . . . . . . . . .D. and E. Teeter (2007). Egypt and the Egyptians. Cambridge:of the State in Ancient Egypt. Explorations in Economic

  9. Deformation and mechanical properties of the expansive cements produced by inter-grinding cement clinker and MgOs with various reactivities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mo, Liwu; Liu, Meng; Al-Tabbaa, Abir; Deng, Min

    2015-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    additive in normal concrete, particularly in the concrete for hydraulic structures 54 under deep water, was limited. The ettringite-based expansive additive can produce rapid 55 expansion at early age, mainly within 14 days, which has been widely used [7... . Cem. 481 Concr. Compos., 26 (2004), pp. 677-685. 482 [3] P. Lura. Autogenous deformation and internal curing of concrete. PhD thesis, Delft 483 24 University of Technology, Delft: Delft University Press, 2003. 484 [4] B. Lothenbach, K. Scrivener...

  10. On the Road: Access to Transportation Infrastructure and Economic Growth in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Abhijit

    2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper estimates the effect of access to transportation networks on regional economic outcomes in China over a twenty-period of rapid income growth. It addresses the problem of the endogenous placement of networks by ...

  11. Adiabatic expansion, early x-ray data and the central engine in GRBs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Barniol Duran; P. Kumar

    2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Swift satellite early x-ray data shows a very steep decay in most of the Gamma-Ray Bursts light curves. This decay is either produced by the rapidly declining continuation of the central engine activity or by some left-over radiation starting right after the central engine shuts off. The latter scenario consists of the emission from an "ember" that cools via adiabatic expansion and, if the jet angle is larger than the inverse of the source Lorentz factor, the large angle emission. In this work, we calculate the temporal and spectral properties of the emission from such a cooling ember, providing a new treatment for the micro-physics of the adiabatic expansion. We use the adiabatic invariance of p_{\\perp}^2/B (p_{\\perp} is the component of the electrons' momentum normal to the magnetic field, B) to calculate the electrons' Lorentz factor during the adiabatic expansion; the electron momentum becomes more and more aligned with the local magnetic field as the expansion develops. We compare the theoretical expectations of the adiabatic expansion (and the large angle emission) with the current observations of the early x-ray data and find that only about 20% of our sample of 107 bursts is potentially consistent with this model. This leads us to believe that, for most bursts, the central engine does not turn off completely during the steep decay of the x-ray light curve; therefore, this phase is produced by the continued rapidly declining activity of the central engine.

  12. Method for rapidly producing microporous and mesoporous materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Coronado, P.R.; Poco, J.F.; Hrubesh, L.W.; Hopper, R.W.

    1997-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved, rapid process is provided for making microporous and mesoporous materials, including aerogels and pre-ceramics. A gel or gel precursor is confined in a sealed vessel to prevent structural expansion of the gel during the heating process. This confinement allows the gelation and drying processes to be greatly accelerated, and significantly reduces the time required to produce a dried aerogel compared to conventional methods. Drying may be performed either by subcritical drying with a pressurized fluid to expel the liquid from the gel pores or by supercritical drying. The rates of heating and decompression are significantly higher than for conventional methods. 3 figs.

  13. Method for rapidly producing microporous and mesoporous materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Coronado, Paul R. (Livermore, CA); Poco, John F. (Livermore, CA); Hrubesh, Lawrence W. (Pleasanton, CA); Hopper, Robert W. (Danville, CA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved, rapid process is provided for making microporous and mesoporous materials, including aerogels and pre-ceramics. A gel or gel precursor is confined in a sealed vessel to prevent structural expansion of the gel during the heating process. This confinement allows the gelation and drying processes to be greatly accelerated, and significantly reduces the time required to produce a dried aerogel compared to conventional methods. Drying may be performed either by subcritical drying with a pressurized fluid to expel the liquid from the gel pores or by supercritical drying. The rates of heating and decompression are significantly higher than for conventional methods.

  14. Hysteresis and Economics Taking the economic past into account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lamba, Harbir

    Hysteresis and Economics Taking the economic past into account R. Cross M. Grinfeld H. Lamba of hysteresis to economic models. In particular, we explain why many aspects of real economic systems control. The growing appreciation of the ways that memory effects influence the functioning of economic

  15. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS UNIVERSITY OF CANTERBURY CHRISTCHURCH, NEW ZEALAND IV Estimation of a Panel Threshold Model of Tourism Specialization and Economic of Economics and Finance College of Business and Economics University of Canterbury Private Bag 4800

  16. For additional information, contact: Department of Agricultural Economics & Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    For additional information, contact: Department of Agricultural Economics & Economics Montana State.montana.edu/econ agecon@montana.edu 1 2 AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS & ECONOMICS KELLY GORHAM 1 Austin Owens traveled to Greece as mentors for students in Economics 101 4 Chris Stoddard was the recipient of a MSU Cox Family Faculty

  17. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS UNIVERSITY OF CANTERBURY/2010 Department of Economics and Finance College of Business and Economics University of Canterbury Private Bag in Leading ASEAN Destinations* Chia-Ling Chang Department of Applied Economics National Chung Hsing

  18. Wind Economic Development (Postcard)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides information on the economic development benefits of wind energy. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to the economic development benefits section on the Wind Powering America website.

  19. Effects of Economic Structure on Regional Economic Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Sa Heum

    2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    critical factor that constitutes regional economic performance. Thus, in this dissertation, I evaluate regional economic performance in terms of both growth and stability. In most previous studies, economic structure was found to be a factor that can...

  20. Three Essays on Development Economics and Behavioral Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Changcheng

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112 (2), 407-441. Crawford,Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(4), 1233-1260. Gul,Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112 (2), 407-441. Carlin, B.

  1. Polymer Expansions for Cycle LDPC Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas Macris; Marc Vuffray

    2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove that the Bethe expression for the conditional input-output entropy of cycle LDPC codes on binary symmetric channels above the MAP threshold is exact in the large block length limit. The analysis relies on methods from statistical physics. The finite size corrections to the Bethe expression are expressed through a polymer expansion which is controlled thanks to expander and counting arguments.

  2. Climate Science: Tropical Expansion by Ocean Swing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Jian

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The tropical belt has become wider over the past decades, but climate models fall short of capturing the full rate of the expansion. The latest analysis of the climate simulations suggests that a long-term swing of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation is the main missing cause.

  3. Loop expansion in Yang-Mills thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ralf Hofmann

    2009-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We argue that a selfconsistent spatial coarse-graining, which involves interacting (anti)calorons of unit topological charge modulus, implies that real-time loop expansions of thermodynamical quantities in the deconfining phase of SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills thermodynamics are, modulo 1PI resummations, determined by a finite number of connected bubble diagrams.

  4. Taylor Expansion Diagrams: A Canonical Representation for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalla, Priyank

    Taylor series expansion that allows one to model word-level signals as algebraic symbols. This power systems has made it essential to address verification issues at early stages of the design cycle representations. TEDs are applicable to modeling, symbolic simulation, and equivalence verification of dataflow

  5. Application of Gradient Expansion to Inflationary Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yasusada Nambu; Atsushi Taruya

    1994-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the long wave perturbation scheme(gradient expansion), the effect of inhomogeneity on the inflationary phase is investigated. We solved the perturbation equation of which source term comes from inhomogeneity of a scalar field and a seed metric. The result indicates that sub-horizon scale inhomogeneity strongly affects the onset of inflation.

  6. LANGUAGE INFORMED BANDWIDTH EXPANSION EECS department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pardo, Bryan

    . INTRODUCTION Audio Bandwidth Expansion (BWE) refers to methods that increase the frequency bandwidth. A typical application of BWE is telephone speech en- hancement [1]. The degradation of speech quality loudspeakers and high-quality reproduction of historical recordings. Most BWE methods are based on the source

  7. Expansion dynamics of laser produced plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doggett, B.; Lunney, J. G. [School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the applicability of the isentropic, adiabatic gas dynamical model of plume expansion for laser ablation in vacuum. We show that the model can be applied to ionized plumes and estimate the upper electron temperature limit on the applicability of the isentropic approximation. The model predictions are compared with Langmuir ion probe measurements and deposition profiles obtained for excimer laser ablation of silver.

  8. Advanced Methods for Incorporating Solar Energy Technologies into Electric Sector Capacity-Expansion Models: Literature Review and Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, P.; Eurek, K.; Margolis, R.

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Because solar power is a rapidly growing component of the electricity system, robust representations of solar technologies should be included in capacity-expansion models. This is a challenge because modeling the electricity system--and, in particular, modeling solar integration within that system--is a complex endeavor. This report highlights the major challenges of incorporating solar technologies into capacity-expansion models and shows examples of how specific models address those challenges. These challenges include modeling non-dispatchable technologies, determining which solar technologies to model, choosing a spatial resolution, incorporating a solar resource assessment, and accounting for solar generation variability and uncertainty.

  9. 216-B-3 expansion ponds closure plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the activities for clean closure under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) of the 216-B-3 Expansion Ponds. The 216-B-3 Expansion Ponds are operated by the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL) and co-operated by Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford). The 216-B-3 Expansion Ponds consists of a series of three earthen, unlined, interconnected ponds that receive waste water from various 200 East Area operating facilities. The 3A, 3B, and 3C ponds are referred to as Expansion Ponds because they expanded the capability of the B Pond System. Waste water (primarily cooling water, steam condensate, and sanitary water) from various 200 East Area facilities is discharged to the Bypass pipe (Project X-009). Water discharged to the Bypass pipe flows directly into the 216-B-3C Pond. The ponds were operated in a cascade mode, where the Main Pond overflowed into the 3A Pond and the 3A Pond overflowed into the 3C Pond. The 3B Pond has not received waste water since May 1985; however, when in operation, the 3B Pond received overflow from the 3A Pond. In the past, waste water discharges to the Expansion Ponds had the potential to have contained mixed waste (radioactive waste and dangerous waste). The radioactive portion of mixed waste has been interpreted by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to be regulated under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954; the dangerous waste portion of mixed waste is regulated under RCRA.

  10. Minnesota's Transportation Economic Development (TED)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Minnesota's Transportation Economic Development (TED) Pilot Program Center for Transportation Studies Transportation Research Conference May 24-25, 2011 #12;Transportation Role in Economic Development · Carefully targeted transportation infrastructure improvements will: ­ Stimulate new economic development

  11. The Economic University, FY2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    The Economic Impact of Binghamton University, FY2011 (July 1, 2010-June 30, 2011) Office....................................................................................................................2 ECONOMIC OUTPUT and Tioga counties) and the New York State economy in terms of economic output, jobs, and human capital

  12. The Economic Impact of Binghamton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    The Economic Impact of Binghamton University, FY2010 (July 1, 2009-June 30, 2010) Office .......................................................................................................... 2 ECONOMIC OUTPUT and Tioga counties and the overall impact of New York State in terms of economic output, jobs, and human

  13. Three Essays on Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakagawa, Hideyuki

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Public Economics 89(4): 705-727. Gertler, P andJournal of Labour Economics , Vol. 17, No. 2, April, 2010Smoothing”, Journal of Economics Perspectives , 9(3), 103-

  14. Three essays in labor economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Liang Choon

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 123 (3), pp. 1111-1159.Kibbutz,” Journal of Public Economics, vol. 93, pp. 498-511.Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 106(40), pp. 979-

  15. Three essays in labor economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong, Patricia K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    home outcomes. Health Economics 7: 639-653. Spector WD,Journal of Labor Economics, Vol 11(4), pp. 629-Three Essays in Labor Economics A dissertation submitted in

  16. Essays in Empirical Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozier, Owen Whitfield

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    story,” Journal of Development Economics, 91(1), 128–139.Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 58(4), 450–474.to Learn,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 91(3), 437–

  17. Three essays on behavioral economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Juanjuan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112(2): 407-441. Crawford,Quarterly Journal of Economics, 121(4): 1133-1165. K?szegi,Models" The Review of Economics and Statistics, 79(4): 551-

  18. Essays in Behavioral Health Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montoy, Juan Carlos Cantu

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 121(3): 1063–1102, 2006.Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(1): 55–79, 2001. D.Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(4): 1149–87, 2001. G.

  19. Nucleosynthesis in Fast Expansions of High-Entropy, Proton Rich Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. C. Jordan IV; B. S. Meyer

    2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate that nucleosynthesis in rapid, high-entropy expansions of proton-rich matter from high temperature and density can result in a wider variety of abundance patterns than heretofore appreciated. In particular, such expansions can produce iron-group nuclides, p-process nuclei, or even heavy, neutron-rich isotopes. Such diversity arises because the nucleosynthesis enters a little explored regime in which the free nucleons are not in equilibrium with the abundant alpha particles. This allows nuclei significantly heavier than iron to form in t he presence of abundant free nucleons early in the expansion. As the temperature drops, nucleons increasingly assemble into alpha particles and heavier nuclei. If the assembly is efficient, the resulting depletion of free neutrons allows disintegrat ion flows to drive nuclei back down to iron and nickel. If this assembly is inefficient, then the large abundance of free nucleons prevents the disintegration flows and leaves a distribution of heavy nuclei after reaction freezeout. For cases in between, an intermediate abundance distribution, enriched in p-process isotopes, is frozen out. These last expansions may contribute to the solar system's supply of the p-process nuclides if mildly proton-rich, high-entropy matter is ejected from proto-neutron stars winds or other astrophysical sites. Also sign ificant is the fact that, because the nucleosynthesis is primary, the signature of this nucleosyn thesis may be evident in metal poor stars.

  20. Essays in Environmental Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandes, Julia

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , Finch, Komor, & Mignogna, 2012; Wiser & Barbose, 2008; Wiser, Namovicz, Gielecki, & Smith, 2007), economic analysis (e.g. Chen, Wiser, Mills, & Bolinger, 2009; Cappers & Goldman, 2010), specifically, electricity rate impacts (e.g. Kung, 2012; Morey...

  1. Essays in labor economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Tyler (Tyler Kenneth)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I addressed three questions in Labor Economics, using experimental and quasi-experimental variation to determine causality. In the first chapter, I ask whether playing longer in the NFL increases mortality in retirement. ...

  2. Essays in financial economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severino Díaz, Felipe

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis consists of three empirical essays in financial economics, examining the consequences of imperfect financial markets for households, small business and house prices. In the first chapter (co-authored with Meta ...

  3. Essays in computational economics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pugh, David

    2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of my PhD research has been on the acquisition of computational modeling and simulation methods used in both theoretical and applied Economics. My first chapter provides an interactive review of finite-difference ...

  4. Essays in environmental economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deryugina, Tatyana

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines various aspects of environmental economics. The first chapter estimates how individuals' beliefs about climate change are affected by local weather fluctuations. Climate change is a one-time uncertain ...

  5. Opportunity and Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    of projects related to wood pellet emissions, operations, economics, and applications. The facility would research partnerships, and be an architectural prototype for natural materials, innovative wood products LIFESTYLE #12;CANADA'S GREENUNIVERSITYTM 1Build a Forest Products and Bioenergy Innovation Centre

  6. Essays in Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keats, Anthony

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can’t save alone: commitment in rotating savings and creditDo Simple Savings Accounts Help the Poor to Save? EvidenceSave More Tomorrow: Using Behavioral Economics to Increase Employee Saving”.

  7. Essays in financial economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmans, Alex

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis consists of three essays in financial economics. Chapter 1 is entitled "Inside Debt." Existing theories advocate the use of cash and equity in executive compensation. However, recent empirical studies have ...

  8. Transportation Economic Assistance Program (Wisconsin)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Transportation Economic Assistance Program provides state grants to private business and local governments to improve transportation to projects improving economic conditions and creating or...

  9. Rapid prototyping of green composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peek, Nadya (Nadya Meile)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapid prototyping employs digital fabrication techniques to quickly manufacture parts. However, the available materials are not yet suitable for making strong, large or durable objects. Composites are materials which are ...

  10. Economic Costs and Benefits of the Trans Mountain Expansion Project (TMX)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .................................................................................................................33 3.6.3 Increased Revenues for Crude Producers .................................................................................................................41 3.7.3 Increased Revenues for Crude Producers

  11. Economic and technical impacts of wind variability and intermittency on long-term generation expansion planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paristech 2009 Submitted to the Engineering Systems Division in partial fulfillment of the requirements to the Engineering Systems Division on May 6, 2011 in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of the U.S. I aggregate an hourly dataset of load and wind resource in eleven regions in order to capture

  12. ELECTRICITY CASE: ECONOMIC COST ESTIMATION FACTORS FOR ECONOMIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hai

    ELECTRICITY CASE: ECONOMIC COST ESTIMATION FACTORS FOR ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF TERRORIST ATTACKS Zimmerman, R. CREATE REPORT Under FEMA Grant EMW-2004-GR-0112 May 31, 2005 Center for Risk and Economic #12;2 Abstract The major economic effects of electric power outages are usually associated with three

  13. COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS Potomac Highlands Region Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    OUTLOOK COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS Potomac Highlands Region Economic Outlook 2014 is published by: Bureau of Business & Economic Research West Virginia University College of Business and Economics Jose V. "Zito" Sartarelli, Ph.D., Milan Puskar Dean P.O. Box 6527, Morgantown, WV 26506-6527 (304

  14. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    on economic (monetary) incentives; and (ii) non-pecuniary, which rely primarily on psychological incentives and efficiency. Arguably, in practice, most of these mechanisms involve both types of incentives ­ economicDEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS UNIVERSITY OF CANTERBURY CHRISTCHURCH

  15. BS in ECONOMICS (736021) MAP Sheet Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen Jr., Dan R.

    BS in ECONOMICS (736021) MAP Sheet Department of Economics For students entering the degree program The Economics Department requires a minimum of 21 hours in the major to be taken in residency at BYU courses: complete the following with a grade of C- or better: Econ 110* Economics Principles and Problems

  16. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS UNIVERSITY OF CANTERBURY McAleer WORKING PAPER No. 35/2010 Department of Economics and Finance College of Business and Economics University of Canterbury Private Bag 4800, Christchurch New Zealand #12;1 Combining Non

  17. BS in ECONOMICS (736021) MAP Sheet Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen Jr., Dan R.

    BS in ECONOMICS (736021) MAP Sheet Department of Economics For students entering the degree program approved list from approved list Econ 110* from approved list personal choice The Economics Department the following with a grade of C- or better: Econ 110* Economics Principles and Problems Econ 378 Statistics

  18. Gatton College of Business and Economics ECO Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    Gatton College of Business and Economics ECO Economics KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped University of Kentucky 2013-2014 Undergraduate Bulletin 1 ECO 101 CONTEMPORARY ECONOMIC ISSUES. (3) A basic course in the analysis of contemporary economic issues with emphasis on current

  19. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS UNIVERSITY OF CANTERBURY CHRISTCHURCH, NEW ZEALAND THE IMPACT OF QUESTION FORMAT IN PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS CLASSES: EVIDENCE FROM NEW ZEALAND Stephen Hickson WORKING PAPER No. 10/2010 Department of Economics and Finance College of Business

  20. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS UNIVERSITY OF CANTERBURY CHRISTCHURCH, NEW ZEALAND How Accurate are Government Forecasts of Economic Fundamentals? The Case of Taiwan Chia-Lin Chang, Philip Hans Franses & Michael McAleer WORKING PAPER No. 16/2010 Department of Economics

  1. BA in ECONOMICS (736020) MAP Sheet Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen Jr., Dan R.

    BA in ECONOMICS (736020) MAP Sheet Department of Economics For students entering the degree program The Economics Department requires a minimum of 21 hours in the major to be taken in residency at BYU courses: complete the following with a grade of C- or better: Econ 110* Economics Principles and Problems

  2. BA in ECONOMICS (736020) MAP Sheet Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen Jr., Dan R.

    BA in ECONOMICS (736020) MAP Sheet Department of Economics For students entering the degree program from approved list from approved list Econ 110* from approved list personal choice The Economics: complete the following with a grade of C- or better: Econ 110* Economics Principles and Problems Econ 378

  3. Frostless heat pump having thermal expansion valves

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Fang C. (Knoxville, TN); Mei, Viung C. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2002-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A heat pump system having an operable relationship for transferring heat between an exterior atmosphere and an interior atmosphere via a fluid refrigerant and further having a compressor, an interior heat exchanger, an exterior heat exchanger, a heat pump reversing valve, an accumulator, a thermal expansion valve having a remote sensing bulb disposed in heat transferable contact with the refrigerant piping section between said accumulator and said reversing valve, an outdoor temperature sensor, and a first means for heating said remote sensing bulb in response to said outdoor temperature sensor thereby opening said thermal expansion valve to raise suction pressure in order to mitigate defrosting of said exterior heat exchanger wherein said heat pump continues to operate in a heating mode.

  4. Low thermal expansion seal ring support

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dewis, David W. (San Diego, CA); Glezer, Boris (Del Mar, CA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Today, the trend is to increase the temperature of operation of gas turbine engines. To cool the components with compressor discharge air, robs air which could otherwise be used for combustion and creates a less efficient gas turbine engine. The present low thermal expansion sealing ring support system reduces the quantity of cooling air required while maintaining life and longevity of the components. Additionally, the low thermal expansion sealing ring reduces the clearance "C","C'" demanded between the interface between the sealing surface and the tip of the plurality of turbine blades. The sealing ring is supported by a plurality of support members in a manner in which the sealing ring and the plurality of support members independently expand and contract relative to each other and to other gas turbine engine components.

  5. Locally-smeared operator product expansions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monahan, Christopher; Orginos, Kostantinos

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a "locally-smeared Operator Product Expansion" (sOPE) to decompose non-local operators in terms of a basis of locally-smeared operators. The sOPE formally connects nonperturbative matrix elements of smeared degrees of freedom, determined numerically using the gradient flow, to non-local operators in the continuum. The nonperturbative matrix elements do not suffer from power-divergent mixing on the lattice, provided the smearing scale is kept fixed in the continuum limit. The presence of this smearing scale prevents a simple connection to the standard operator product expansion and therefore requires the construction of a two-scale formalism. We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach using the example of real scalar field theory.

  6. Tests for the Expansion of the Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Lopez-Corredoira

    2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Almost all cosmologists accept nowadays that the redshift of the galaxies is due to the expansion of the Universe (cosmological redshift), plus some Doppler effect of peculiar motions, but can we be sure of this fact by means of some other independent cosmological test? Here I will review some recent tests: CMBR temperature versus redshift, time dilation, the Hubble diagram, the Tolman or surface brightness test, the angular size test, the UV surface brightness limit and the Alcock--Paczy\\'nski test. Some tests favour expansion and others favour a static Universe. Almost all the cosmological tests are susceptible to the evolution of galaxies and/or other effects. Tolman or angular size tests need to assume very strong evolution of galaxy sizes to fit the data with the standard cosmology, whereas the Alcock--Paczynski test, an evaluation of the ratio of observed angular size to radial/redshift size, is independent of it.

  7. Tests for the Expansion of the Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Corredoira, Martin

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Almost all cosmologists accept nowadays that the redshift of the galaxies is due to the expansion of the Universe (cosmological redshift), plus some Doppler effect of peculiar motions, but can we be sure of this fact by means of some other independent cosmological test? Here I will review some recent tests: CMBR temperature versus redshift, time dilation, the Hubble diagram, the Tolman or surface brightness test, the angular size test, the UV surface brightness limit and the Alcock--Paczy\\'nski test. Some tests favour expansion and others favour a static Universe. Almost all the cosmological tests are susceptible to the evolution of galaxies and/or other effects. Tolman or angular size tests need to assume very strong evolution of galaxy sizes to fit the data with the standard cosmology, whereas the Alcock--Paczynski test, an evaluation of the ratio of observed angular size to radial/redshift size, is independent of it.

  8. Center-symmetric 1/N expansion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaden, Martin [Department of Physics, Rutgers University in Newark, 365 Smith Hall, 101 Warren Street, Newark, New Jersey 07102 (United States)

    2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The free energy of U(N) gauge theory is expanded about a center-symmetric topological background configuration with vanishing action and vanishing Polyakov loops. We construct this background for SU(N) lattice gauge theory and show that it uniquely describes center-symmetric minimal action orbits in the limit of infinite lattice volume. The leading contribution to the free energy in the 1/N expansion about this background is of O(N{sup 0}) rather than O(N{sup 2}) as one finds when the center symmetry is spontaneously broken. The contribution of planar 't Hooft diagrams to the free energy is O(1/N{sup 2}) and subleading in this case. The change in behavior of the diagrammatic expansion is traced to Linde's observation that the usual perturbation series of non-Abelian gauge theories suffers from severe infrared divergences [A. Linde, Phys. Lett. B 96, 289 (1980).]. This infrared problem does not arise in a center-symmetric expansion. The 't Hooft coupling {lambda}=g{sup 2}N is found to decrease {proportional_to}1/ln(N) for large N. There is evidence of a vector-ghost in the planar truncation of the model.

  9. Expansion and Collapse in the Cosmic Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Rauch; George D. Becker; Matteo Viel; Wallace L. W. Sargent; Alain Smette; Robert A. Simcoe; Thomas A. Barlow; Martin G. Haehnelt

    2005-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the kinematics of the gaseous cosmic web at high redshift with Lyman alpha forest absorption in multiple QSO sightlines. Using a simple analytic model and a cosmological hydrodynamic simulation we constrain the underlying three-dimensional distribution of velocities from the observed line-of-sight distribution of velocity shear across the plane of the sky. The distribution is found to be in good agreement with the intergalactic medium (IGM) undergoing large scale motions dominated by the Hubble flow. Modeling the Lyman alpha clouds analytically and with a hydrodynamics simulation, the average expansion velocity of the gaseous structures causing the Lyman alpha forest in the lower redshift (z = 2) sample appears about 20 percent lower than the local Hubble expansion velocity. We interpret this as tentative evidence for some clouds undergoing gravitational collapse. However, the distribution of velocities is highly skewed, and the majority of clouds at redshifts from 2 to 3.8 expand typically about 5 - 20 percent faster than the Hubble flow. This behavior is explained if most absorbers in the column density range typically detectable are expanding filaments that stretch and drain into more massive nodes. We find no evidence for the observed distribution of velocity shear being significantly influenced by processes other than Hubble expansion and gravitational instability, like galactic winds. To avoid overly disturbing the IGM, winds may be old and/or limp by the time we observe them in the Lyman alpha forest, or they may occupy only an insignificant volume fraction of the IGM. (abridged)

  10. Small distance expansion for radiative heat transfer between curved objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golyk, Vladyslav A.

    We develop a small distance expansion for the radiative heat transfer between gently curved objects, in terms of the ratio of distance to radius of curvature. A gradient expansion allows us to go beyond the lowest-order ...

  11. Year-in-Review: 2011 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions (April 2012) Year-in-Review: 2011 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions (April 2012) The 2011 Year-in-Review (YIR) provides a...

  12. Procedures to predict vertical differential soil movement for expansive soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naiser, Donald David

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Damage to lightly loaded structures, paving and service piping in areas of expansive clay soils has occurred throughout the world. The cause of this damage has been the inability to accurately model expansive soil movement so that foundations...

  13. Earth pressures and deformations in civil infrastructure in expansive soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Gyeong Taek

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation includes the three major parts of the study: volume change, and lateral earth pressure due to suction change in expansive clay soils, and design of civil infrastructure drilled pier, retaining wall and pavement in expansive soils...

  14. An Expansion in the Exponent for Compound Binomial Approximations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roos, Bero

    distributions. One paper in this direction was published by Bikelis [5], who proposed an expansion, which identic

  15. IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board Daniel D. Huppert, Chair Lon L. Peters, Vice-Chair Joel R and Guidance for Economic Analysis in Subbasin Planning Independent Economic Analysis Board January 2003, document IEAB 2003-2 Summary Subbasin planning may need to consider two types of economic issues; 1

  16. Jobs and Economic Development Modeling

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Project objective: Develop models to estimate jobs and economic impacts from geothermal project development and operation.

  17. Wide-ranging research programs address issues of local, state and national concern, from immigration reform and Medicaid expansion to national parks management, regional transportation issues,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    thoughtful dialogue PUBLIC POLICY R E S E A R C H STRENGTHS Economic development, access to health care immigration reform and Medicaid expansion to national parks management, regional transportation issues. GOVERNMENT · HEALTH · ENERGY #12;Informed and insightful decision-making begins with identifying

  18. Matching of asymptotic expansions for the wave propagation in media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Matching of asymptotic expansions for the wave propagation in media with thin slot S-SAM Matching of asymptotic expansions for the wave propagation in media with thin slot ­ p.1/38 inria-00528070 of asymptotic expansions for the wave propagation in media with thin slot ­ p.2/38 inria-00528070,version1-21Oct

  19. Matching of asymptotic expansions for the wave propagation in media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Matching of asymptotic expansions for the wave propagation in media with thin slot S-SAM Matching of asymptotic expansions for the wave propagation in media with thin slot ­ p.1/29 inria-00528072 The wavelength The width of the slot ¡ Matching of asymptotic expansions for the wave propagation in media

  20. A test of Taylor- and modified Taylor-expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Max Wilfling; Christof Gattringer

    2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We compare Taylor expansion and a modified variant of Taylor expansion, which incorporates features of the fugacity series, for expansions in the chemical potential around a zero-density lattice field theory. As a first test we apply both series to the cases of free fermions and free bosons. Convergence and other properties are analyzed.

  1. Dynamical effects in the Coulomb expansion following nuclear fragmentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, K.C.; Donangelo, R.; Schechter, H.

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of the Coulomb expansion on the fragment kinetic energy spectrum for a fragmentating hot nuclear system is investigated. In particular, /sup 12/C-fragment spectra are calculated and compared with those predicted by the uniform expansion approximation. The results indicate that the energy spectra of fragments are quite sensitive to the details of the Coulomb expansion treatment.

  2. Grid cell firing patterns signal environmental novelty by expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgess, Neil

    Grid cell firing patterns signal environmental novelty by expansion Caswell Barrya,b,c,1 , Lin Lin novelty causes the spatial firing patterns of grid cells to expand in scale and reduce in regularity firing fields remapped and showed a smaller, temporary expansion. Grid expansion provides a potential

  3. Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India* Jeffrey D. Sachs Director The Earth Institute at Columbia_ramiah@yahoo.co.uk Asian Economic Papers 1:3 © 2002 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Massachusetts

  4. Biomass Rapid Analysis Network (BRAN)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Helping the emerging biotechnology industry develop new tools and methods for real-time analysis of biomass feedstocks, process intermediates and The Biomass Rapid Analysis Network is designed to fast track the development of modern tools and methods for biomass analysis to accelerate the development of the emerging industry. The network will be led by industry and organized and coordinated through the National Renewable Energy Lab. The network will provide training and other activities of interest to BRAN members. BRAN members will share the cost and work of rapid analysis method development, validate the new methods, and work together to develop the training for the future biomass conversion workforce.

  5. On the thermal expansion of composite materials and cross-property connection between thermal expansion and thermal conductivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevostianov, Igor

    expansion and thermal conductivity Igor Sevostianov Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, NewOn the thermal expansion of composite materials and cross-property connection between thermal: Composite material Thermal expansion Cross-property Microstructure Thermal conductivity a b s t r a c

  6. Economizer Control Using Mixed Air Enthalpy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, J.; Liu, M.; Pang, W.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    economizer is db-temperature based economizer. Table7. Economizer Operation Testing Period: April.3 rd ~Aug. 22 th ,2007 Temperature- based Economizer Mixed-air enthalpy economizer Operation hours 888 1251 Energy saving - 15.7% 6...

  7. Lattice-structures and constructs with designed thermal expansion coefficients

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spadaccini, Christopher; Hopkins, Jonathan

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A thermal expansion-managed lattice structure having a plurality of unit cells each having flexure bearing-mounted tabs supported on a base and actuated by thermal expansion of an actuator having a thermal expansion coefficient greater than the base and arranged so that the tab is inwardly displaced into a base cavity. The flexure bearing-mounted tabs are connected to other flexure-bearing-mounted tabs of adjacent unit cells so that the adjacent unit cells are spaced from each other to accommodate thermal expansion of individual unit cells while maintaining a desired bulk thermal expansion coefficient of the lattice structure as a whole.

  8. Economics and LID Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --for both construction budgets and project life-cycle costs. These economic benefits are increasingly being-competitive drainage system was designed for a large retail development in Greenland, NH. F A C T S H E E-based strategies by municipalities, commercial developers, and others. There are increasing numbers of case studies

  9. City of Grand Rapids Building Solar Roof Demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeClercq, Mark; Martinez, Imelda

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Grand Rapids, Michigan is striving to reduce it environmental footprint. The municipal government organization has established environmental sustainability policies with the goal of securing 100% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020. This report describes the process by which the City of Grand Rapids evaluated, selected and installed solar panels on the Water/Environmental Services Building. The solar panels are the first to be placed on a municipal building. Its new power monitoring system provides output data to assess energy efficiency and utilization. It is expected to generate enough clean solar energy to power 25 percent of the building. The benefit to the public includes the economic savings from reduced operational costs for the building; an improved environmentally sustainable area in which to live and work; and increased knowledge about the use of solar energy. It will serve as a model for future energy saving applications.

  10. Is Hubble's Expansion due to Dark Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. C. Gupta; Anirudh Pradhan

    2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    {\\it The universe is expanding} is known (through Galaxy observations) since 1929 through Hubble's discovery ($V = H D$). Recently in 1999, it is found (through Supernovae observations) that the universe is not simply expanding but is accelerating too. We, however, hardly know only $4\\%$ of the universe. The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) satellite observational data suggest $73\\%$ content of the universe in the form of dark-energy, $23\\%$ in the form of non-baryonic dark-matter and the rest $4\\%$ in the form of the usual baryonic matter. The acceleration of the universe is ascribed to this dark-energy with bizarre properties (repulsive-gravity). The question is that whether Hubble's expansion is just due to the shock of big-bang & inflation or it is due to the repulsive-gravity of dark-energy? Now, it is believed to be due to dark-energy, say, by re-introducing the once-discarded cosmological-constant $\\Lambda$. In the present paper, it is shown that `the formula for acceleration due to dark-energy' is (almost) exactly of same-form as `the acceleration formula from the Hubble's law'. Hence, it is concluded that: yes, `indeed it is the dark-energy responsible for the Hubble's expansion too, in-addition to the current on-going acceleration of the universe'.

  11. Exploration of Resource and Transmission Expansion Decisions in the Western Renewable Energy Zone Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Andrew D.; Phadke, Amol A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

    2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The Western Renewable Energy Zone (WREZ) initiative brings together a diverse set of voices to develop data, tools, and a unique forum for coordinating transmission expansion in the Western Interconnection. In this paper we use a new tool developed in the WREZ initiative to evaluate possible renewable resource selection and transmission expansion decisions. We evaluate these decisions under a number of alternative future scenarios centered on meeting 33percent of the annual load in the Western Interconnection with new renewable resources located within WREZ-identified resource hubs. Our analysis finds that wind energy is the largest source of renewable energy procured to meet the 33percent RE target across nearly all scenarios analyzed (38-65percent). Solar energy is almost always the second largest source (14-41percent). We find several load zones where wind energy is the least cost resource under a wide range of sensitivity scenarios. Load zones in the Southwest, on the other hand, are found to switch between wind and solar, and therefore to vary transmission expansion decisions, depending on uncertainties and policies that affect the relative economics of each renewable option. Further, we find that even with total transmission expenditures of $17-34 billion these costs still represent just 10-19percent of the total delivered cost of renewable energy.

  12. Taught degrees Graduate Diploma in Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Essentials Taught degrees Graduate Diploma in Economics MSc in Development Economics MSc in Economics MSc in International Economics Research degrees MPhil, PhD in Economics Related degrees MSc in a subject other than economics or a lower second-class undergraduate degree in economics MSc A first

  13. Faculty of Social Sciences School of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, Paul

    Faculty of Social Sciences School of Economics Postgraduate Courses Winner Whatuni.com Student Choice Awards #12;Contents 01 Welcome to the School of Economics 02 Why Study Economics at the University Economics 07 MSc Finance and Economics 08 MSc Industrial Economics 09 MSc Experimental Economics 10 MSc

  14. Refund for Economic Development (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Refund for Economic Development under the Tax Code for state tax refunds for economic development. Some Texas property owners may be eligible to receive refunds of state sales and use taxes and...

  15. Energy Prices and California's Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    1 Energy Prices and California's Economic Security David RolandHolst October, 2009 on Energy Prices, Renewables, Efficiency, and Economic Growth: Scenarios and Forecasts, financial support drivers, the course of fossil fuel energy prices, energy efficiency trends, and renewable energy

  16. Economics of Steam Pressure Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sylva, D. M.

    Economics of Steam Pressure Reduction is a technical paper that addresses the operating and economic advantages associated with the program to lower the steam operating pressure. Evaluation of a testing program will be discussed. The paper...

  17. Nonabelian plasma instabilities in Bjorken expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anton Rebhan

    2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Plasma instabilities are parametrically the dominant nonequilibrium dynamics of a weakly coupled quark-gluon plasma. In recent years the time evolution of the corresponding collective colour fields has been studied in stationary anisotropic situations. Here I report on recent numerical results on the time evolution of the most unstable modes in a longitudinally expanding plasma as they grow from small rapidity fluctuations to amplitudes where non-Abelian self-interactions become important.

  18. Economical Condensing Turbines?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, J. E.

    Economical Condensing Turbines? by J.E.Dean, P.E. Steam turbines have long been used at utilities and in industry to generate power. There are three basic types of steam turbines: condensing, letdown 1 and extraction/condensing. ? Letdown... turbines reduce the pressure of the incoming steam to one or more pressures and generate power very efficiently, assuming that all the letdown steam has a use. Two caveats: ? Letdown turbines produce power based upon steam requirements and not based upon...

  19. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Colin A.; Novan, Kevin; Rausser, Gordon; Iho, Antti; Parker, Doug; Zilberman, David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Agricultural Economics • University of California Animal WasteAgricultural and Food Markets Gordon Rausser..4 Animal Waste

  20. Rapidity-Dependent Jet Vetoes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shireen Gangal; Maximilian Stahlhofen; Frank J. Tackmann

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Jet vetoes are a prominent part of the signal selection in various analyses at the LHC. We discuss jet vetoes for which the transverse momentum of a jet is weighted by a smooth function of the jet rapidity. With a suitable choice of the rapidity-weighting function, such jet-veto variables can be factorized and resummed allowing for precise theory predictions. They thus provide a complementary way to divide phase space into exclusive jet bins. In particular, they provide a natural and theoretically clean way to implement a tight veto on central jets with the veto constraint getting looser for jets at increasingly forward rapidities. We mainly focus our discussion on the 0-jet case in color-singlet processes, using Higgs production through gluon fusion as a concrete example. For one of our jet-veto variables we compare the resummed theory prediction at NLL'+NLO with the recent differential cross section measurement by the ATLAS experiment in the $H\\to\\gamma\\gamma$ channel, finding good agreement. We also propose that these jet-veto variables can be measured and tested against theory predictions in other SM processes, such as Drell-Yan, diphoton, and weak diboson production.

  1. IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board Kenneth L. Casavant, Chair Roger Mann, Vice-Chair Joel R of Independent Economic Analysis Board's Activities and Contributions to NPPC Fish and Wildlife Planning document of achieving the same sound biological objective exist, the alternative with the minimum economic cost

  2. Economic Sustainability and Ecological Compatibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic Sustainability and Ecological Compatibility: Where is the room to move? October 21st - 22: Economic Sustainability and Ecological Compatibility: Where is the room to move? October 21st - 22nd , 2010, Economic Sustainability: Room to Move? Workshop Hosted by Colorado Forest Restoration Institute Walden

  3. IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board Daniel D. Huppert, Chair Lon L. Peters, Vice-Chair Joel R. Hamilton Kenneth L. Casavant Jack A. Richards Roger Mann Paul C. Sorensen Hans Radtke Economic Review of Instream Water Supply Components of the Salmon Creek Project Independent Economic Analysis Board Northwest

  4. IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board Roger Mann, Chair Noelwah R. Netusil, Vice-Chair Kenneth L. Casavant Daniel D. Huppert Joel R. Hamilton Lon L. Peters Susan S. Hanna Hans Radtke A I - 1 Economic Effects From Columbia River Basin Anadromous Salmonid Fish Production Independent Economic Analysis Board

  5. IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board Hans Radtke, Chair Roger Mann, Vice-Chair Daniel D. Huppert Joel R. Hamilton Susan S. Hanna John Duffield Noelwah R. Netusil Independent Economic Analysis Board Task Number 139 Integrated Hatchery Operations: Fish and Wildlife Program Costs and Other Economic

  6. IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board Kenneth L. Casavant, Chair Roger Mann, Vice-Chair Joel R Application of the IEAB's Recommendations and Guidance for Economic Analysis in Subbasin Planning improvements related to economic content of the draft Clearwater Subbasin Management Plan (the draft Clearwater

  7. Assessment Report Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogaerts, Steven

    1 Assessment Report Department of Economics August, 2012 Mission Statement The mission of the Economics Department is to impart knowledge, to both majors and non- majors, about the methods, core theory. Relation to the University at Large Economics is an important part of a liberal arts education because

  8. Assessment Report Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogaerts, Steven

    1 Assessment Report Department of Economics September, 2009 Mission Statement The mission of the Economics Department is to impart knowledge, to both majors and non-majors, about the methods, core theory discipline. Relation to the University at Large Economics is an important part of a liberal arts education

  9. Hassan BENCHEKROUN Department of Economics,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    1 Hassan BENCHEKROUN Department of Economics, McGill University 855 Sherbrooke West, Montreal, QC University, Jan. 98-May 99. EDUCATION Sep. 1993 - Apr. 1998: Ph.D. in Economics, Université Laval Jan. 1993-2013) and Co-Editor (2013-) of Environmental and Resource Economics. Official journal of the European

  10. Economic Architecture and Sustainable Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    Economic Architecture and Sustainable Communities Wednesday, January 30, 2013 12:00 ­ 1:30 p and investment conditions during the sustainability movement. Join scientist and Green Sense radio show host Robert Colangelo and author and economic developer Mark Lautman to discuss how economic architecture

  11. March 2012 Pittsburgh Economic Quarterly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    of brownfield sites has been a historically popular tool for economic devel- opment for states and municipalities. Prior to redevelop- ment, brownfields create economic and ecological stress on surrounding and contributed to its brownfield status act as barriers to entry for community investment and economic activity

  12. Economics of Defense in a Globalized World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MCGUIRE, MARTIN C

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    be influenced by economic incentives --- economic carrots orto identify the economic and strategic incentives by whicheconomic insight that this system is driven by incentives,

  13. Essays in Public Economics and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerard, Francois

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    but only economic incentives (kWh) Simulations: totargets through economic incentives is often consideredtargets through economic incentives (e.g. , prices) is often

  14. Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis additional cost of fuelWind Hybrid: Economic Analysis Levelized Generation CostCoal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis Notes: All Cost are in

  15. Essays in Psychological and Political Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tasoff, Joshua David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    per share,” Journal of Accounting and Economics, 1999, 28,Bagwell, Kyle, “The Economics of Advertising: Introduction,”Strategy,” Journal of Economics and Management Strategy,

  16. EMPIRE ULTIMATE EXPANSION: RESONANCES AND COVARIANCES.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HERMAN,M.; MUGHABGHAB, S.F.; OBLOZINSKY, P.; ROCHMAN, D.; PIGNI, M.T.; KAWANO, T.; CAPOTE, R.; ZERKIN, V.; TRKOV, A.; SIN, M.; CARSON, B.V.; WIENKE, H. CHO, Y.-S.

    2007-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The EMPIRE code system is being extended to cover the resolved and unresolved resonance region employing proven methodology used for the production of new evaluations in the recent Atlas of Neutron Resonances. Another directions of Empire expansion are uncertainties and correlations among them. These include covariances for cross sections as well as for model parameters. In this presentation we concentrate on the KALMAN method that has been applied in EMPIRE to the fast neutron range as well as to the resonance region. We also summarize role of the EMPIRE code in the ENDF/B-VII.0 development. Finally, large scale calculations and their impact on nuclear model parameters are discussed along with the exciting perspectives offered by the parallel supercomputing.

  17. Systematic expansion for infrared oscillator basis extrapolations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. J. Furnstahl; S. N. More; T. Papenbrock

    2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent work has demonstrated that the infrared effects of harmonic oscillator basis truncations are well approximated by imposing a partial-wave Dirichlet boundary condition at a properly identified radius L. This led to formulas for extrapolating the corresponding energy E_L and other observables to infinite L and thus infinite basis size. Here we reconsider the energy for a two-body system with a Dirichlet boundary condition at L to identify and test a consistent and systematic expansion for E_L that depends only on observables. We also generalize the energy extrapolation formula to nonzero angular momentum, and apply it to the deuteron. Formulas given previously for extrapolating the radius are derived in detail.

  18. Prolate spheroidal harmonic expansion of gravitational field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fukushima, Toshio, E-mail: Toshio.Fukushima@nao.ac.jp [National Astronomical Observatory, Ohsawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a modification of the oblate spheroidal case, a recursive method is developed to compute the point value and a few low-order derivatives of the prolate spheroidal harmonics of the second kind, Q{sub nm} (y), namely the unnormalized associated Legendre function (ALF) of the second kind with its argument in the domain, 1 < y < ?. They are required in evaluating the prolate spheroidal harmonic expansion of the gravitational field in addition to the point value and the low-order derivatives of P-bar {sub nm}(t), the 4? fully normalized ALF of the first kind with its argument in the domain, |t| ? 1. The new method will be useful in the gravitational field computation of elongated celestial objects.

  19. Rapid gas hydrate formation process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brown, Thomas D.; Taylor, Charles E.; Unione, Alfred J.

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides a method and apparatus for forming gas hydrates from a two-phase mixture of water and a hydrate forming gas. The two-phase mixture is created in a mixing zone which may be wholly included within the body of a spray nozzle. The two-phase mixture is subsequently sprayed into a reaction zone, where the reaction zone is under pressure and temperature conditions suitable for formation of the gas hydrate. The reaction zone pressure is less than the mixing zone pressure so that expansion of the hydrate-forming gas in the mixture provides a degree of cooling by the Joule-Thompson effect and provides more intimate mixing between the water and the hydrate-forming gas. The result of the process is the formation of gas hydrates continuously and with a greatly reduced induction time. An apparatus for conduct of the method is further provided.

  20. Year-in-Review: 2012 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in the face of both manmade and natural disasters, visit the Energy Assurance page. Year-in-Review: 2012 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions More Documents &...

  1. Load Expansion with Diesel/Gasoline RCCI for Improved Engine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    with DieselGasoline RCCI for Improved Engine Efficiency and Emissions Load Expansion with DieselGasoline RCCI for Improved Engine Efficiency and Emissions This poster will...

  2. Load Expansion of Stoichiometric HCCI Using Spark Assist and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Stoichiometric HCCI Using Spark Assist and Hydraulic Valve Actuation Load Expansion of Stoichiometric HCCI Using Spark Assist and Hydraulic Valve Actuation Presentation given at...

  3. FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives and Policies Home > Groups > Utility Rate Graham7781's picture Submitted by...

  4. accelerated cosmic expansion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an accelerated expansion (cosmological constant, quintessence) introduce a component of dark energy besides standard'' cold dark matter (CDM) we resort to a phenomenological...

  5. adiabatic expansion cooling: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    As illustrative examples we consider the ultrafast expansion of a Tonks-Girardeau gas and of Bose-Einstein condensates in different dimensions, where the method exhibits an...

  6. Rapid thermal processing by stamping

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stradins, Pauls; Wang, Qi

    2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A rapid thermal processing device and methods are provided for thermal processing of samples such as semiconductor wafers. The device has components including a stamp (35) having a stamping surface and a heater or cooler (40) to bring it to a selected processing temperature, a sample holder (20) for holding a sample (10) in position for intimate contact with the stamping surface; and positioning components (25) for moving the stamping surface and the stamp (35) in and away from intimate, substantially non-pressured contact. Methods for using and making such devices are also provided. These devices and methods allow inexpensive, efficient, easily controllable thermal processing.

  7. Economics of Grade Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Paul J.

    1914-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Fig. C - Curves of Moan Effective Pressure.... —Follows Page No. 201 Fig. D - Speed Factor Curves --Follows Pago No. 203 Fig. E - Curves of M.E.P. Compound Engines.... --Follows page Ho. 208 Fig. G - Typical Profile Showing Velocity Grades... #84 of A. R. E. A. Mr* A* M. Wellington-Book-"Railway Location.* Mr. G. R. Henderson-Book-"Locomotive Operation." Prof. &* Webb-Book-"Economics of Railroad Con- struction* Mr. Edward C. SchmIdt~"FreIght Train Resistance*" Published as University...

  8. Quantum Theory of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir I. Zverev; Alexander M. Tishin

    2009-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In the given work the first attempt to generalize quantum uncertainty relation on macro objects is made. Business company as one of economical process participants was chosen by the authors for this purpose. The analogies between quantum micro objects and the structures which from the first sight do not have anything in common with physics are given. The proof of generalized uncertainty relation is produced. With the help of generalized uncertainty relation the authors wanted to elaborate a new non-traditional approach to the description of companies' business activity and their developing and try to formulate some advice for them. Thus, our work makes the base of quantum theory of econimics

  9. Economic Development - SRSCRO

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGasRelease Date:research community -- hostedEconomic

  10. Conflict Between Economic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would like submitCollector/ReceiverConflict Between Economic Growth and

  11. Contact Information College of Business and Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Contact Information College of Business and Economics Center for Business Research and Economic Research and Economic Development Center What's your challenge? We help businesses and organizations can lie in Accountancy, Economics, Information Technology and Supply Chain Management, International

  12. Notices 20 Miles Northwest of Rapid City SD Rapid City SD 57702

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Notices 20 Miles Northwest of Rapid City SD Rapid City SD 57702 Landholding Agency: Agriculture Property Number: 15201410016 Status: Excess Comments: off-site removal only; 55 sq....

  13. Rapidity and centrality dependence of proton and anti-proton production from 197Au+197Au collisions at {radical}(s{sub NN}) = 130 GeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, J.; Adler, C.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett, J.; Anderson, B.D.; Anderson, M.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G.S.; Badyal, S.K.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L.S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, V.V.; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bezverkhny, B.I.; Bhardwaj, S.; Bhaskar, P.; Bhati, A.K.; Bichsel, H.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, L.C.; Blyth, C.O.; Bonner, B.E.; Botje, M.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, A.; Bravar, A.; Cadman, R.V.; Cai, X.Z.; Caines, H.; Calderon de la Barca Sanchez, M.; Cardenas, A.; Carroll, J.; Castillo, J.; Castro, M.; Cebra, D.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H.F.; Chen, Y.; Chernenko, S.P.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, B.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J.P.; Cormier, T.M.; Corral, M.M.; Cramer, J.G.; Crawford, H.J.; Das, D.; Das, S.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Dong, X.; Draper, J.E.; Du, F.; Dubey, A.K.; Dunin, V.B.; Dunlop, J.C.; Dutta Mazumdar, M.R.; Eckardt, V.; Efimov, L.G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Fachini, P.; Faine, V.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi, R.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fisyak, Y.; Flierl, D.; Foley, K.J.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C.A.; Ganti, M.S.; Gutierrez, T.D.; Gagunashvili, N.; Gans, J.; Gaudichet, L.; Germain, M.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez, J.E.; Grachov, O.; Grigoriev, V.; Grosnick, D.; Guedon, M.; Guertin, S.M.; Gupta, A.; Gushin, E.; Hallman, T.J.; Hardtke, D.; Harris, J.W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T.W.; Heppelmann, S.; Herston, T.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Horsley, M.; Huang, H.Z.; Huang, S.L.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Janik, M.; Johnson, I.; Jones, P.G.; Judd, E.G.; Kabana, S.; Kaneta, M.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klay, J.; Klein, S.R.; Klyachko, A.; Koetke, D.D.; Kollegger, T.; Konstantinov, A.S.; Kopytine, M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kovalenko, A.D.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger, K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, A.I.; Kumar, A.; et al.

    2003-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the rapidity and centrality dependence of proton and anti-proton transverse mass distributions from {sup 197}Au + {sup 197}Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 130 GeV as measured by the STAR experiment at RHIC. Our results are from the rapidity and transverse momentum range of |y| < 0.5 and 0.35 < p{sub t} < 1.00 GeV/c. For both protons and anti-protons, transverse mass distributions become more convex from peripheral to central collisions demonstrating characteristics of collective expansion. The measured rapidity distributions and the mean transverse momenta versus rapidity are flat within |y| < 0.5. Comparisons of our data with results from model calculations indicate that in order to obtain a consistent picture of the proton(anti-proton) yields and transverse mass distributions the possibility of pre-hadronic collective expansion may have to be taken into account.

  14. Rapid starting methanol reactor system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chludzinski, Paul J. (38 Berkshire St., Swampscott, MA 01907); Dantowitz, Philip (39 Nancy Ave., Peabody, MA 01960); McElroy, James F. (12 Old Cart Rd., Hamilton, MA 01936)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to a methanol-to-hydrogen cracking reactor for use with a fuel cell vehicular power plant. The system is particularly designed for rapid start-up of the catalytic methanol cracking reactor after an extended shut-down period, i.e., after the vehicular fuel cell power plant has been inoperative overnight. Rapid system start-up is accomplished by a combination of direct and indirect heating of the cracking catalyst. Initially, liquid methanol is burned with a stoichiometric or slightly lean air mixture in the combustion chamber of the reactor assembly. The hot combustion gas travels down a flue gas chamber in heat exchange relationship with the catalytic cracking chamber transferring heat across the catalyst chamber wall to heat the catalyst indirectly. The combustion gas is then diverted back through the catalyst bed to heat the catalyst pellets directly. When the cracking reactor temperature reaches operating temperature, methanol combustion is stopped and a hot gas valve is switched to route the flue gas overboard, with methanol being fed directly to the catalytic cracking reactor. Thereafter, the burner operates on excess hydrogen from the fuel cells.

  15. Graduate School of Economics Kyoto Universitycontents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Economies Economic Change and Restructuring #12;#12;Canadian Journal of Economics Journal of Environmental Theory Journal of Banking and Finance Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control #12;Review of Economic Studies Journal of Economic Theory Journal of Technology Transfer Japanese Economic Review #12;Journal

  16. Climate impacts of a large-scale biofuels expansion*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate impacts of a large-scale biofuels expansion* Willow Hallgren, C. Adam Schlosser, Erwan impacts of a large-scale biofuels expansion Willow Hallgren,1 C. Adam Schlosser,1 Erwan Monier,1 David March 2013. [1] A global biofuels program will potentially lead to intense pressures on land supply

  17. Multipole expansion for relativistic Coulomb excitation H. Esbensen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    Multipole expansion for relativistic Coulomb excitation H. Esbensen Physics Division, Argonne a general expression for the multipole expansion of the electromagnetic interaction in relativistic heavy. The interaction has diagonal as well as off-diagonal multipole components, associated with the intrinsic

  18. BUCKLING OF DOUBLE BELLOWS EXPANSION JOINTS UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newland, David E.

    of the bellows and the bellows supporting structure. To reduce the susceptibility to buckling, lateral supports270 BUCKLING OF DOUBLE BELLOWS EXPANSION JOINTS UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE By D. E. Newland* Corrugated bellows expansion joints may buckle under internal pressure in the same way as an elasticstrut may

  19. Prudence in Panama: George H.W. Bush, Noriega, and economic aid, May 1989-May 1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanton, Troy Franklin

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    be ?minimized by patience, 5 understanding of Latin sensitivity and values, rapid withdrawal from Panama,? and renewed ?attention to the region?s economic problems.?5 Unlike scholarly works, journalistic interpretations focus on America?s ?Big Stick...? in Latin America. Journalist Kevin Buckley?s Panama: The Whole Story, published the year after the invasion, portrayed the Bush Administration?s efforts in Panama as a fumbling fiasco. He considered the policy options of economic sanctions, threats...

  20. Technology experience and economics of oil shale mining in Estonia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fraiman, J.; Kuzmiv, I. [Estonian Oil Shale State Co., Jyhvi (Estonia). Scientific Research Center

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The exhaustion of fuel-energy resources became an evident problem of the European continent in the 1960s. Careful utilization of their own reserves of coal, oil, and gas (Germany, France, Spain) and assigned shares of imports of these resources make up the strategy of economic development of the European countries. The expansion of oil shale utilization is the most topical problem. The experience of mining oil shale deposits in Estonia and Russia, in terms of the practice and the economic results, is reviewed in this article. The room-and-pillar method of underground mining and the open-cut technology of clearing the ground ensure the fertility of a soil. The economics of underground and open pit oil shale mines is analyzed in terms of natural, organizational, and technical factors. These analyses are used in the planning and management of oil shale mining enterprises. The perspectives of the oil shale mining industry of Estonia and the economic expediency of multiproduction are examined. Recommendations and guidelines for future industrial utilization of oil shale are given in the summary.

  1. Indeterminism and predictability in economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barton, David Merritt

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    happens to embrace. Empirical evidence, however, does not support the view that economic behavior is predictable, nor the view that deterministic theories of economic change are suitable descriptions of the real world, A C K N 0 N L E D g E ME N T I... I. DETERMINISil VERSUS INDETERMINISM--THE ISSUE II. THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND III. THE CONTROVERSY XN MODERN PHYSICS AVD BIOLOGY 13 23 IV. THE PROBLEM OF PREDICTABILITY IN ECONOMIC THEORY CONCLUSION 44 66 BIBLIOGRAPHY VITA 75 INTRODUCTION...

  2. Economics of Irrigation Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amosson, Stephen H.; New, Leon; Almas, Lal; Bretz, Fran; Marek, Thomas

    2002-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    -inch for the intermediate water-use scenario (sorghum/soybeans) at 350- foot pumping lift for the six irrigation systems. dollars/acre-inch of water Cost Component/System CF SF MESA LESA LEPA SDI A. Fixed cost Depreciation 0.32 0.45 0.76 1.06 1.22 2.09 Taxes 0.02 0.02 0... of $832.23 per acre (Table 2). The economic feasibility of a new irrigation system can be affected by the marginal tax rate. For example, if a producer?s marginal tax rate is 28 percent instead of 15 percent, the net investment in subsurface drip...

  3. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    incentives to contribute to the global commons of disease pre- vention, while high-income countries will benefit most in economic

  4. Economic Recovery Loan Program (Maine)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Economic Recovery Loan Program provides subordinate financing to help businesses remain viable and improve productivity. Eligibility criteria are based on ability to repay, and the loan is...

  5. Economic Development Project Districts (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Redevelopment commissions may petition legislative bodies to designate economic development project districts in cities with populations between 80,500 and 500,000. Such districts may be...

  6. Economic Development Incentive Program (Massachusetts)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Economic Development Incentive Program (EDIP) is a tax incentive program designed to foster job creation and stimulate business growth throughout the Commonwealth. Participating companies may...

  7. Economic Development Fund (New York)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Empire State Development operates the Economic Development Fund, which offers financial assistance to businesses that create or retain business activity and jobs. The program can provide financing...

  8. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Europe. It is producing biodiesel from veg- etable oil, fromsuch as Jatropha, for biodiesel. Some industrial forestsfor the production of biodiesel. The econom- ics of algae as

  9. Introduction to the Invasive Plant Species and the New Bioeconomy Symposium The rapid expansion of the plant bioeconomy is creating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sims, Gerald K.

    actions that it believes are likely to cause or promote the introduction or spread of invasive species positive role that bioenergy crops can play in offsetting the global rise in atmospheric CO2Tomaso et al. 2007). It was with this in mind that the WSSA Sustainable Agriculture Committee organized

  10. Abstract--With the rapid expansion of satellite communication, an increasing number of unattended ground terminals are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Changcheng

    ground terminals are spreading out to serve local customers. And there is a great demand to equip the terminals with fault identification functionality so that the remote satellite operators can be notified signal behaviors of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) measured at the ground terminal with different type

  11. Local gravitational physics of the Hubble expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergei Kopeikin

    2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We study physical consequences of the Hubble expansion of FLRW manifold on measurement of space, time and light propagation in the local inertial frame. We analyse the solar system radar ranging and Doppler tracking experiments, and time synchronization. FLRW manifold is covered by global coordinates (t,y^i), where t is the cosmic time coinciding with the proper time of the Hubble observers. We introduce local inertial coordinates x^a=(x^0,x^i) in the vicinity of a world line of a Hubble observer with the help of a special conformal transformation. The local inertial metric is Minkowski flat and is materialized by the congruence of time-like geodesics of static observers being at rest with respect to the local spatial coordinates x^i. We consider geodesic motion of test particles and notice that the local coordinate time x^0=x^0(t) taken as a parameter along the world line of particle, is a function of the Hubble's observer time t. This function changes smoothly from x^0=t for a particle at rest (observer's clock), to x^0=t+1/2 Ht^2 for photons, where H is the Hubble constant. Thus, motion of a test particle is non-uniform when its world line is parametrized by time t. NASA JPL Orbit Determination Program presumes that motion of light (after the Shapiro delay is excluded) is uniform with respect to the time t but it does not comply with the non-uniform motion of light on cosmological manifold. For this reason, the motion of light in the solar system analysed with the Orbit Determination Program appears as having a systematic blue shift of frequency, of radio waves circulating in the Earth-spacecraft radio link. The magnitude of the anomalous blue shift of frequency is proportional to the Hubble constant H that may open an access to the measurement of this fundamental cosmological parameter in the solar system radiowave experiments.

  12. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    provided by intermittent renewable electricity generation.driving rapid growth in renewable electricity generation.by the belief that renewable electricity will reduce

  13. Coastal development decision-making in Costa Rica : the need for a new framework to balance socio-economic and environmental impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquivel, Maricarmen

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Costa Rica needs to pay attention to the rapid change that coastal regions have been undergoing as a result of tourism and real estate projects. Despite the economic benefits in terms of jobs and foreign investment, many ...

  14. Economic Feasibility of Recycling Photovoltaic Modules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, J.K.; Fthenakis, V.

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The market for photovoltaic (PV) electricity generation has boomed over the last decade, and its expansion is expected to continue with the development of new technologies. Taking into consideration the usage of valuable resources and the generation of emissions in the life cycle of photovoltaic technologies dictates proactive planning for a sound PV recycling infrastructure to ensure its sustainability. PV is expected to be a 'green' technology, and properly planning for recycling will offer the opportunity to make it a 'double-green' technology - that is, enhancing life cycle environmental quality. In addition, economic feasibility and a sufficient level of value-added opportunity must be ensured, to stimulate a recycling industry. In this article, we survey mathematical models of the infrastructure of recycling processes of other products and identify the challenges for setting up an efficient one for PV. Then we present an operational model for an actual recycling process of a thin-film PV technology. We found that for the case examined with our model, some of the scenarios indicate profitable recycling, whereas in other scenarios it is unprofitable. Scenario SC4, which represents the most favorable scenario by considering the lower bounds of all costs and the upper bound of all revenues, produces a monthly profit of $107,000, whereas the least favorable scenario incurs a monthly loss of $151,000. Our intent is to extend the model as a foundation for developing a framework for building a generalized model for current-PV and future-PV technologies.

  15. CCPExecutiveSummary An Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    CCPExecutiveSummary September 2008 An Economic Assessment of EC Merger Control W: www.ccp.uea.ac.uk T: +44 (0)1603 593715 A: UEA, Norwich, NR4 7TJ An Economic Assessment of EC Merger Control: 1958, impeding entry and reducing the incentives to innovate. This can harm both domestic consumers

  16. Competitive economics of nuclear power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hellman, R.

    1981-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Some 12 components of a valid study of the competitive economics of a newly ordered nuclear power plant are identified and explicated. These are then used to adjust the original cost projections of four authoritative studies of nuclear and coal power economics.

  17. Coal production expansion: a selected bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grissom, M.C. (ed.)

    1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The expeditious and economic transport of coal from producing regions to consuming regions is essential to any policy designed to increase the use of coal as an energy source. Obtaining an optimal coal transportation system, including terminal facilities, is significant in providing US coal to its users in the United States and abroad. Rail, barge, truck, slurry pipeline, and ship are the modes used to move coal from the producer to the user. Transportation costs represent a large percentage of the delivered price. This bibliography includes 138 selected citations on coal export, transport, and production. The references are to reports from the Department of Energy and its contractors, reports from other government or private organizations, and journal articles, books, conference papers, and monographs from US originators. These citations and hundreds of additional citations on this subject are available for on-line searching and retrieval from the Technical Information Center's Energy Data Base using the DOE/RECON interactive system. Approximately 50,000 citations on coal and coal products are a part of this data base. Current additions to data base on this subject are announced monthly in Fossil Energy Update. DOE-sponsored work is also announced in Energy Research Abstracts. The citations in this publication are arranged in broad subject categories as shown in the table of contents. Five indexes are provided: Corporate, Author, Subject, Contract Number, and Report Number. Included as an appendix are some tables and figures from Energy Information Administration reports covering coal production and disposition.

  18. Rapid prototyping applications for manufacturing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atwood, C.L.; Maguire, M.C.; Pardo, B.T.; Bryce, E.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent advances in stereolithography and selective laser sintering have had a significant impact on the overall quality of parts produced using these rapid prototyping processes. The development and implementation of 3D System`s QuickCast{sup TM} resin and software for building investment casting patterns have proven to be major steps toward fabricating highly accurate patterns with very good surface finishes. As participants in the Beta test program for QuickCast{sup TM} resin and software, we experienced a steep learning curve and were able to build accurate parts in a short period of time. It is now possible using this technology to produce highly accurate prototype parts as well as acceptable first article and small lot size production parts. We use the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) process to fabricate prototype wax patterns for investment casting. DTM Corporation recently introduced the use of their polycarbonate material for fabricating investment casting patterns. The polycarbonate material is processed significantly faster with improved strength, dimensional stability, and without a support structure during the build process. Sandia is currently changing from investment casting wax to polycarbonate for the fabrication of investment casting patterns using the SLS process. This report will focus on our successes with these new materials from the standpoints of application, accuracy, surface finish, and post processing. Also presented will be examples of parts manufactured by these processes. 6 refs., 10 figs.

  19. On equivalence of high temperature series expansion and coupling parameter series expansion in thermodynamic perturbation theory of fluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sai Venkata Ramana, A., E-mail: asaivenk@barc.gov.in [Theoretical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The coupling parameter series expansion and the high temperature series expansion in the thermodynamic perturbation theory of fluids are shown to be equivalent if the interaction potential is pairwise additive. As a consequence, for the class of fluids with the potential having a hardcore repulsion, if the hard-sphere fluid is chosen as reference system, the terms of coupling parameter series expansion for radial distribution function, direct correlation function, and Helmholtz free energy follow a scaling law with temperature. The scaling law is confirmed by application to square-well fluids.

  20. University of Wisconsin Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    University of Wisconsin Department of Economics Economics 548: The Economics of Health Care Spring, uncertainty, government involvement, and externalities, the economics of the health care sector and its will learn how to apply microeconomic tools to study the medical care system and analyze the economic aspects

  1. ECONOMICS UPDATE Issue 1 Autumn 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Ran

    ECONOMICS UPDATE Issue 1 Economics Update Autumn 2014 UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN ­ DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS IN THIS ISSUE Welcome to the first Economics update! In this twice-yearly publication, we. In the Research Assessment Exercise results of 2008, 100% of Economics research, was judged to be of international

  2. March 2014 KEVIN LANG Professor, Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    March 2014 KEVIN LANG Professor, Economics Department of Economics Boston University 270 Bay State, Economics, 1978-1982. M.Sc. Universite de Montreal, Economics, 1976-1978 B.A. University of Oxford (St. Catherine's College), Philosophy, Politics, and Economics (PPE), (1973-1976; M.A. awarded 1980) ACADEMIC

  3. School of Management Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    econoMics School of Management Department of Economics 907-474-7461 www.uaf.edu/som/programs/econ/ BA, BBA Degrees Minimum Requirements for Degrees: 120 credits Economics is the study of social social phenomena and problems have economic aspects, and therefore, knowledge of economic systems

  4. BIO: Milton H. Marquis Professor of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowers, Philip L.

    BIO: Milton H. Marquis Professor of Economics Bellamy Building Department of Economics Florida received a Mas- ter of Arts degree in Economics in 1982 and a Ph.D. in Economics in 1985 from Indiana University. He has taught economics and finance at St. Olaf College in Northfield, MN and at Florida State

  5. Info Lit @ Mac Economics 2K03

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haykin, Simon

    Info Lit @ Mac Economics 2K03 Canadian Economic History Amanda Etches-Johnson Reference Librarian email/MSN: library@mcmaster.ca September 14, 2006 #12;Info Lit @ Mac Economics 2K03 Canadian Economic History Olga Perkovic Reference Librarian email/MSN: library@mcmaster.ca September 21, 2006 #12;Economics

  6. Neuropsychologia xxx (2005) xxxxxx Rapid publication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrieli, John

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neuropsychologia xxx (2005) xxx­xxx Rapid publication Making sense of another mind: The role. Wexler / Neuropsychologia xxx (2005) xxx­xxx LaBar, Crupain, V

  7. Generation and transmission expansion planning for renewable energy integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bent, Russell W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Berscheid, Alan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Toole, G. Loren [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years the expansion planning problem has become increasingly complex. As expansion planning (sometimes called composite or integrated resource planning) is a non-linear and non-convex optimization problem, researchers have traditionally focused on approximate models of power flows to solve the problem. The problem has also been split into generation expansion planning (GEP) and transmission network expansion planning (TNEP) to improve computational tractability. Until recently these approximations have produced results that are straight-forward to combine and adapt to the more complex and complete problem. However, the power grid is evolving towards a state where the adaptations are no longer easy (e.g. large amounts of limited control, renewable generation, comparable generation and transmission construction costs) and necessitates new approaches. Recent work on deterministic Discrepancy Bounded Local Search (DBLS) has shown it to be quite effective in addressing the TNEP. In this paper, we propose a generalization of DBLS to handle simultaneous generation and transmission planning.

  8. QCD Multipole Expansion and Hadronic Transitions in Heavy Quarkonium Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu-Ping Kuang

    2006-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We review the developments of QCD multipole expansion and its applications to hadronic transitions and some radiative decays of heavy quarkonia. Theoretical predictions are compsred with updated experimental results.

  9. Expansion Joint Concepts for High Temperature Insulation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, M. R.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As high temperature steam and process piping expands with heat, joints begin to open between the insulation sections, resulting in increased energy loss and possible unsafe surface temperatures. Many different expansion joint designs are presently...

  10. Value of Options in Airport Expansion - Example of AICM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morgado, Frederico

    Investments decisions for airport capacity expansion are usually taken, either when demand exceeds the current capacity and the airport is working under congestion, or when current demand is expected to overcome current ...

  11. Cropland expansion changes deforestation dynamics in the southern Brazilian Amazon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camara, Gilberto

    Cropland expansion changes deforestation dynamics in the southern Brazilian Amazon Douglas C ranching or new deforestation has not been quantified and has major implications for future deforestation dynamics, carbon fluxes, forest fragmentation, and other ecosystem services. We combine deforestation maps

  12. Ion emission and expansion in laser-produced tin plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burdt, Russell Allen

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    scale length laser-produced tin plasmas, PhD dissertation,and Expansion in Laser-Produced Tin Plasma A dissertationof a CO 2 laser pulse with tin-based plasma for an extreme

  13. Can combining economizers with improved filtration save energy and protect equipment in data centers?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shehabi, Arman; Ganguly, Srirupa; Gundel, Lara A.; Horvath, Arpad; Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Lunden, Melissa M.; Tschudi, William; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Nazaroff, William W

    2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Economizer use in data centers is an energy efficiency strategy that could significantly limit electricity demand in this rapidly growing economic sector. Widespread economizer implementation, however, has been hindered by potential equipment reliability concerns associated with exposing information technology equipment to particulate matter of outdoor origin. This study explores the feasibility of using economizers in data centers to save energy while controlling particle concentrations with high-quality air filtration. Physical and chemical properties of indoor and outdoor particles were analyzed at an operating northern California data center equipped with an economizer under varying levels of air filtration efficiency. Results show that when improved filtration is used in combination with an economizer, the indoor/outdoor concentration ratios for most measured particle types were similar to levels when using conventional filtration without economizers. An energy analysis of the data center reveals that, even during the summer months, chiller savings from economizer use greatly outweigh any increase in fan power associated with improved filtration. These findings indicate that economizer use combined with improved filtration could reduce data center energy demand while providing a level of protection from particles of outdoor origin similar to that observed with conventional design.

  14. Biochemical and photochemical control of leaf disk expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Ralph A.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    promotive effect with kin ins .............. ................ k9 f. Relation of kinetin added to its analogs... .. 51 (1) Effect of kinin-KEN combinations on the relative amount of leaf expansion with red light versus darkness....... .. 53 (2) Effect...-naphthalene acetic acid,..... ,,??? 87 (4) Effect of X-irradiation on leaf disk expansion with kin ins, IAA, and low intensity light.................... 9^ b. Response of X-irradiated intact plants to kinins, IAA, and low intensity light... ?????? 101 LIST...

  15. Multipole expansion at the level of the action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Ross

    2013-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Sources of long wavelength radiation are naturally described by an effective field theory (EFT) which takes the form of a multipole expansion. Its action is given by a derivative expansion where higher order terms are suppressed by powers of the ratio of the size of the source over the wavelength. In order to determine the Wilson coefficients of the EFT, i.e. the multipole moments, one needs the mapping between a linear source term action and the multipole expansion form of the action of the EFT. In this paper we perform the multipole expansion to all orders by Taylor expanding the field in the source term and then decomposing the action into symmetric trace free tensors which form irreducible representations of the rotation group. We work at the level of the action, and we obtain the action to all orders in the multipole expansion and the exact expressions for the multipole moments for a scalar field, electromagnetism and linearized gravity. Our results for the latter two cases are manifestly gauge invariant. We also give expressions for the energy flux and the (gauge dependent) radiation field to all orders in the multipole expansion. The results for linearized gravity are a component of the EFT framework NRGR and will greatly simplify future calculations of gravitational wave observables in the radiation sector of NRGR.

  16. Appalachian Colleges Community Economic Development Partnership The Small Private Colleges Economic Development Toolkit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Jonathan

    Partnerships o Evaluation: Measuring Effectiveness #12;The Small Private Colleges Economic Development ToolkitAppalachian Colleges Community Economic Development Partnership The Small Private Colleges Economic and sustainable economic development outreach programs. It contains carefully selected articles and case studies

  17. BA Economics and BA Financial Economics Assessment Plan Program Learning Objectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    BA Economics and BA Financial Economics ­ Assessment Plan Program Learning Objectives The program will prepare graduates: 1. Understand the "economic way model economic decisions. 3. The ability to analyze historical and current events

  18. The Political History of Hydraulic Fracturing’s Expansion Across the West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbis, Robert E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Political History of Hydraulic Fracturing’s Expansion AcrossPolitical History of Hydraulic Fracturing’s Expansion Acrosss use of the hydraulic fracturing development process.

  19. EXPANSIVE SUBDYNAMICS FOR ALGEBRAIC Zd-ACTIONS MANFRED EINSIEDLER, DOUGLAS LIND, RICHARD MILES, AND THOMAS WARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lind, Douglas A.

    EXPANSIVE SUBDYNAMICS FOR ALGEBRAIC Zd-ACTIONS MANFRED EINSIEDLER, DOUGLAS LIND of Zd * *on compact metric spaces was proposed by Boyle and Lind in terms of expansive

  20. Rapid thermal cycling of metal-supported solid oxide fuel cellmembranes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matus, Yuriy B.; De Jonghe, Lutgard C.; Jacobson, Craig P.; Visco, Steven J.

    2004-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) membranes were developed in which zirconia-based electrolyte thin films were supported by a composite metal/ceramic electrode, and were subjected to rapid thermal cycling between 200 and 800 C. The effects of this cycling on membrane performance were evaluated. The membranes, not yet optimized for performance, showed a peak power density of 350mW/cm2at 900 C in laboratory-sized SOFCs that was not affected by the thermal cycling. This resistance to cycling degradation is attributed to the close matching of thermal expansion coefficient of the cermet support electrode with that of the zirconia electrolyte.

  1. APPALACHIAN COLLEGES COMMUNITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Jonathan

    customized community economic development engagement strategies. · Provide on-site Partnership evaluation to undertake new economic development programs. Communication, Sustainability, and Evaluation--Years 1, 2 and 3APPALACHIAN COLLEGES COMMUNITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP The UNC-Chapel Hill Office

  2. The Economic and Community Impacts of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    The Economic and Community Impacts of Freight Rail #12;Overview · 18 month project (started, Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT) · Vann Cunningham, Assistant Vice President, Economic Development, BNSF · Kevin Kelleher, Economic Development Program Specialist, Minnesota Department

  3. Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations and Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PSERC Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations and Economic Aspects Engineering Research Center Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations and Economic and Economic Aspects for Large Interconnected Grids." We express our appreciation for the support provided

  4. Essays in Labor and Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutsalklisana, Charles Saharuk

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1980s,” Journal of Labor Economics, 15, 1- 42 Blinder, Alan,Differentials,” The Review of Economics and Statistics, 70,Canadian Journal of Economics, 35, 646- 688 Lewbel, A. ,

  5. Essays in Health and Labor Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Matthew James

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 1(2):241-260,Safety? Journal of Health Economics, 25(6):1069–93, MaySafety. Journal of Health Economics, 30(4):764-773, July

  6. Essays on Macroeconomics and Information Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zambrano Riveros, Jorge Andres

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on-Hudson, NY: Levy Economics Institute, Bard College, 2010.Journal of Labor Economics, 7(3):281–302, 1989. [4] S.N.Quarterly Jour- nal of Economics, 109(3):659, 1994. [6] Y.

  7. Essays in Finance and Environmental Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Thomas A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Life Cycle. Review of Economics and Statistics 88:348–and Expectations in Modern Economics: In Honor of Edmund S.eds. ), Handbook of Public Economics, Volume 3. Amsterdam:

  8. Essays on Environmental and Resource Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toledo, Chantal Nathalie

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Public Economics, 95(9-10): 1082-1095. [5]Curve. ” Journal of Public Economics, 80(2): 269–86. [10]Agriculture and Resource Economics). [13] Auffhammer, M. ,

  9. Three Applied Essays in Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapoor, Shruti

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We Learned from the Economics of the Family? ’, Americanof Labor’, Journal of Labor Economics 3(1), S33–58. Becker,Quarterly Journal of Economics 90(2), 285–307. Ben-Porath,

  10. Women Empowerment and Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duflo, Esther

    Women empowerment and economic development are closely related: in one direction, development alone can play a major role in driving down inequality between men and women; in the other direction, empowering women may benefit ...

  11. Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Cord

    Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany" The Bachelor and Master Programmes at a Glance 2011 #12professorsatthejuniororassistantrankin theUS,UK,andGermany. ·CareersintheGovernment:ForeignOffice, GTZ

  12. Three essays in development economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leight, Jessica E. (Jessica Ellen)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis seeks to analyze two questions central to the economic welfare of rural households in developing countries: the trade-offs between equity and efficiency induced by hybrid forms of property rights, and the ...

  13. Economic Inducement Financing Program (Connecticut)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Companies relocating to or expanding within the state are eligible for CDA direct loans up to $5 million through its Economic Inducement Financing Program. proceeds may be used for working capital...

  14. Economic Development Loan Fund (Virginia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Economic Development Loan Fund helps to fill the financing gap between private debt financing and private equity. Up to $1 million is available for each project and can be used for the...

  15. Economic Development Bond Program (Iowa)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Through its Economic Development Bond Program, the Iowa Finance Authority (IFA) issues tax-exempt bonds on behalf of private entities or organizations for eligible purposes. The responsibility for...

  16. BY DR. PEARL KAMER ECONOMIC IMPACT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    and Workforce Development Programs................................. 9 ECONOMIC IMPACT OF BNL SPENDING: FISCAL and Workforce Development Programs................................. 9 ECONOMIC IMPACT OF BNL SPENDING: FISCAL Research...................................................................................... 8

  17. Revolving Economic Development and Initiative (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Revolving Economic Development and Initiative (REDI) provides low interest loans to start-up firms, businesses that are expanding or relocating and local economic development corporations. The...

  18. Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (Virginia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (VACEDA) was created in 1988 to encourage economic development in the western section of the state. The Authority administers incentive and...

  19. Energy Economic Zone Pilot Program (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In the 2009 Legislative Session, the Florida Legislature established the Pilot Program to address economic development and the creation of energy efficient land use patterns. The Energy Economic...

  20. Sandia National Laboratories: economically competitive next generation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    economically competitive next generation biofuels JBEI Updates Techno-Economic Modeling Tools for Biofuels On September 18, 2013, in Biofuels, Biomass, Computational Modeling &...

  1. Economics of ALMR deployment in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delene, J.G.; Fuller, L.C.; Hudson, C.R.

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor (ALMR) has the potential to extend the economic life of the nuclear option and of reducing the number of high-level waste repositories which will eventually be needed in an expanding nuclear economy. This paper reports on an analysis which models and evaluates the economics of the use of ALMRs as a component of this country`s future electricity generation mix. The ALMR concept has the ability to utilize as fuel the fissile material contained in previously irradiated nuclear fuel (i.e., spent fuel) or from surplus weapons-grade material. While not a requirement for the successful deployment of ALMR power plant technology, the reprocessing of spent fuel from light water reactors (LWR) is necessary for any rapid introduction of ALMR power plants. In addition, the reprocessing of LWR spent fuel may reduce the number of high-level waste repositories needed in the future by burning the long-lived actinides produced in the fission process. With this study, the relative economics of a number of potential scenarios related to these issues are evaluated. While not encompassing the full range of all possibilities, the cases reported here provide an indication of the potential costs, timings, and relative economic attractiveness of ALMR deployment.

  2. The Magnitude of Pain and Suffering Damages from a Law and Economics and Health Economics Point of View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karapanou, Vaia; Visscher, Louis

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Theory and Methods of Economic Evaluation of Health Care,measures in economic evaluation’, (3) Health TechnologyMeasurement in Economic Evaluation’, (5) Health Economics

  3. Wire core and coronal plasma expansion in wire-array Z pinches with small numbers of wires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shelkovenko, T. A.; Pikuz, S. A.; Douglass, J. D.; Blesener, I. C.; Greenly, J. B.; McBride, R. D.; Hammer, D. A.; Kusse, B. R. [Laboratory of Plasma Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)

    2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Wire core and coronal plasma formation and expansion in wire-array Z pinches with small numbers of wires have been studied on a 1 MA, 100 ns rise time pulsed power generator and a 500 kA, 50 ns generator. Two-frame point-projection x-ray imaging and three-frame laser optical imaging and interferometry were the principal diagnostic methods used for these studies. The x-ray images show that dense coronal plasma forms and is maintained close to each dense wire core in the array. A less dense, rapidly expanding ({approx}10 {mu}m/ns) coronal plasma, best seen in the laser images, surrounds the {approx}100 {mu}m radius dense corona. These results are in agreement with computer simulations and modeling carried out by Yu et al. [Phys. Plasmas 14, 022705 (2007)]. Results are also presented for the dependence of the wire core and coronal plasma expansion rates on the wire diameter, number of wires and current through individual wires and the overall configuration for Al, Cu, and W wire arrays. For example, the W wire dense core expansion rate increases with increasing initial wire diameter from 5.1 {mu}m (0.1 {mu}m/ns) to 12.7 {mu}m diameter (0.3 {mu}m/ns)

  4. Promoting environmental protection during economic development in a growth region in Indonesia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gleason, M.; Mire, J.; Gade, K.; Allison, T.; Weil, L.; Platt, D.; Popkin, B.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The extreme pressures for economic development and the required infrastructure for expanding populations in regions such as Southeast Asia often result in extensive degradation and contamination of the environment. Protection of natural resources during the rapid growth in developing areas depends on local and regional environmental planning that incorporates lessons learned in developed nations concerning natural resource assessments and accurate predictions of environmental, socio-economic, and human health risks of development alternatives. This case study focuses on Batam, Indonesia, a bonded economic region near Singapore and Malaysia that is the site of intensive and rapid government-sponsored development. The authors are assessing the environmental impacts of current development activities and providing guidance in selecting industries or development alternatives that will have the lowest environmental cost. In particular, they are evaluating the long-term and short-term consequences of different development strategies using a cost-benefit approach that incorporates life cycle analysis, cumulative effects models, and industrial ecology models to make recommendations concerning which types of economic activities will result in the lowest environmental cost to the region, while still providing sufficient economic gains. Environmental planning and technical assistance to developing regions must integrate resource planning, ecological-economic models, and appropriate institutional strengthening and training to move towards sustainable development goals. Pollution-prevention and predictive risk assessment should become important components of technology transfer from post-industrial to developing nations.

  5. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SPECIALIZATIONS IN ECONOMICS Economics graduates pursue many different careers including careers in economics consulting, finance, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    including careers in economics consulting, finance, and public policy. Economics graduates also go on to M Economics #12;ECO 311 Environmental Economics ECO 353 Public Finance: Federal ECO 354 Public Finance: State International Finance ECO 295 Microfinance ECO 395 Political Economy of Iraq Recommended courses beyond those

  6. TEMPERATURE DEPENDENT CREEP EXPANSION OF Ti-6Al-4V LOW DENSITY CORE SANDWICH STRUCTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadley, Haydn

    by their high manufacturing costs. Interest has therefore developed in an entrapped gas expansion process entrapped gas expansion processing the driving force governing the re-expansion step is the internal pore of the expansion itself (an increase in void volume lowers the gas pressure) or because of gas lost through

  7. Locally smeared operator product expansions in scalar field theory

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Monahan, Christopher J. [College of William & Mary; Orginos, Kostas [William and Mary College, JLAB

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new locally smeared operator product expansion to decompose non-local operators in terms of a basis of smeared operators. The smeared operator product expansion formally connects nonperturbative matrix elements determined numerically using lattice field theory to matrix elements of non-local operators in the continuum. These nonperturbative matrix elements do not suffer from power-divergent mixing on the lattice, which significantly complicates calculations of quantities such as the moments of parton distribution functions, provided the smearing scale is kept fixed in the continuum limit. The presence of this smearing scale complicates the connection to the Wilson coefficients of the standard operator product expansion and requires the construction of a suitable formalism. We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach with examples in real scalar field theory.

  8. Generating expansion model incorporating compact DC power flow equations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nderitu, D.G.; Sparrow, F.T.; Yu, Z. [Purdue Inst. for Interdisciplinary Engineering Studies, West Lafayette, IN (United States)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a compact method of incorporating the spatial dimension into the generation expansion problem. Compact DC power flow equations are used to provide real-power flow coordination equations. Using these equations the marginal contribution of a generator to th total system loss is formulated as a function of that generator`s output. Incorporating these flow equations directly into the MIP formulation of the generator expansion problem results in a model that captures a generator`s true net marginal cost, one that includes both the cost of generation and the cost of transport. This method contrasts with other methods that iterate between a generator expansion model and an optimal power flow model. The proposed model is very compact and has very good convergence performance. A case study with data from Kenya is used to provide a practical application to the model.

  9. Perturbation Expansion for Option Pricing with Stochastic Volatility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petr Jizba; Hagen Kleinert; Patrick Haener

    2007-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We fit the volatility fluctuations of the S&P 500 index well by a Chi distribution, and the distribution of log-returns by a corresponding superposition of Gaussian distributions. The Fourier transform of this is, remarkably, of the Tsallis type. An option pricing formula is derived from the same superposition of Black-Scholes expressions. An explicit analytic formula is deduced from a perturbation expansion around a Black-Scholes formula with the mean volatility. The expansion has two parts. The first takes into account the non-Gaussian character of the stock-fluctuations and is organized by powers of the excess kurtosis, the second is contract based, and is organized by the moments of moneyness of the option. With this expansion we show that for the Dow Jones Euro Stoxx 50 option data, a Delta-hedging strategy is close to being optimal.

  10. Self-similar expansion of a warm dense plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Djebli, Mourad [USTHB, Faculty of Physics, Theoretical Physics Laboratory, B.P. 32 Bab-Ezzouar, 16079 Algiers (Algeria)] [USTHB, Faculty of Physics, Theoretical Physics Laboratory, B.P. 32 Bab-Ezzouar, 16079 Algiers (Algeria); Moslem, Waleed M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Port Said University, Port Said (Egypt)] [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Port Said University, Port Said (Egypt)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The properties of an expanding plasma composed of degenerate electron fluid and non-degenerate ions are studied. For our purposes, we use fluid equations for ions together with the electron momentum equation that include quantum forces (e.g., the quantum statistical pressure, forces due to the electron-exchange and electron correlations effects) and the quasi-neutrality condition. The governing equation is written in a tractable form by using a self-similar transformation. Numerical results for typical beryllium plasma parameters revealed that, during the expansion, the ion acoustic speed decreases for both isothermal and adiabatic ion pressure. When compared with classical hydrodynamic plasma expansion model, the electrons and ions are found to initially escape faster in vacuum creating thus an intense electric field that accelerates most of the particles into the vacuum ahead of the plasma expansion. The relevancy of the present model to beryllium plasma produced by a femto-second laser is highlighted.

  11. Locally smeared operator product expansions in scalar field theory

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Monahan, Christopher J.; Orginos, Kostas

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new locally smeared operator product expansion to decompose non-local operators in terms of a basis of smeared operators. The smeared operator product expansion formally connects nonperturbative matrix elements determined numerically using lattice field theory to matrix elements of non-local operators in the continuum. These nonperturbative matrix elements do not suffer from power-divergent mixing on the lattice, which significantly complicates calculations of quantities such as the moments of parton distribution functions, provided the smearing scale is kept fixed in the continuum limit. The presence of this smearing scale complicates the connection to the Wilson coefficients of the standardmore »operator product expansion and requires the construction of a suitable formalism. We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach with examples in real scalar field theory.« less

  12. Overlapping Community Detection Using Neighborhood-Inflated Seed Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whang, Joyce Jiyoung; Dhillon, Inderjit S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Community detection is an important task in network analysis. A community (also referred to as a cluster) is a set of cohesive vertices that have more connections inside the set than outside. In many social and information networks, these communities naturally overlap. For instance, in a social network, each vertex in a graph corresponds to an individual who usually participates in multiple communities. In this paper, we propose an efficient overlapping community detection algorithm using a seed expansion approach. The key idea of our algorithm is to find good seeds, and then greedily expand these seeds based on a community metric. Within this seed expansion method, we investigate the problem of how to determine good seed nodes in a graph. In particular, we develop new seeding strategies for a personalized PageRank clustering scheme that optimizes the conductance community score. Experimental results show that our seed expansion algorithm outperforms other state-of-the-art overlapping community detection meth...

  13. Glass ceramics for sealing to high-thermal-expansion metals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilder, Jr., J. A.

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Glass ceramics were studied, formulated in the Na/sub 2/O CaO.P/sub 2/O/sub 5/, Na/sub 2/O.BaOP/sub 2/O/sub 5/, Na/sub 2/O.Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/.P/sub 2/O/sub 5/, and Li/sub 2/O.BaO.P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ systems to establish their suitability for sealing to high thermal expansion metals, e.g. aluminum, copper, and 300 series stainless steels. Glass ceramics in Na/sub 2/O.CaO.P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ and Na/sub 2/O.BaO.P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ systems have coefficients of thermal expansion in the range 140 x 10/sup -1/ per /sup 0/C less than or equal to ..cap alpha.. less than or equal to 225 x 10/sup -7/ per /sup 0/C and fracture toughness values generally greater than those of phosphate glasses; they are suitable for fabricating seals to high thermal expansion metals. Crystal phases include NaPo/sub 3/, (NaPO/sub 3/)/sub 3/, NaBa(PO/sub 3/)/sub 3/, and NaCa(PO/sub 3/)/sub 3/. Glass ceramics formed in the Na/sub 2/O.Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/.P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ systems have coefficients of thermal expansion greater than 240 x 10/sup -7/ per /sup 0/C, but they have extensive microcracking. Due to their low thermal expansion values (..cap alpha.. less than or equal to 120 x 10/sup -7/ per /sup 0/C), glass ceramics in the Li/sub 2/O.BaO.P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ system are unsuitable for sealing to high thermal expansion metals.

  14. Planning Report 11-2 Economic Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Planning Report 11-2 Economic Evaluation of the Baldrige Performance Excellence Program Albert N of Economics Dartmouth College December 16, 2011 #12;Economic Evaluation of the Baldrige Performance Excellence. Link Department of Economics University of North Carolina at Greensboro John T. Scott Department

  15. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CENTURY ALUMINUM OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CENTURY ALUMINUM OF WEST VIRGINIA, INC. By Randall A. Childs Bureau of Business and Economic Research College of Business and Economics West Virginia more than 660 employees with a production capacity of 170,000 tonnes per year. The economic impact

  16. Prepared by Ryan T. Kennelly, Economic Analyst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    Prepared by Ryan T. Kennelly, Economic Analyst Center for Business and Economic Research Lee Business School University of Nevada, Las Vegas October 2012 #12;The Center for Business and Economic new economic indexes for the metropolitan area of Las Vegas, Nevada. We first construct a coincident

  17. Consulting Assistance on Economic Discussion Papers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Consulting Assistance on Economic Reform II Discussion Papers The objectives of the Consulting Assistance on Economic Reform (CAER II) project are to contribute to broad-based and sustainable economic, Bureau for Global Programs, Field Support and Research, Center for Economic Growth and Agricultural

  18. The Economic Impact of the University of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ollivier-Gooch, Carl

    The Economic Impact of the University of British Columbia Walter Sudmant Planning and Institutional "economic impact"? 6 What do we mean by Economic Impact? 7 1. Direct spending by UBC 9 2. Student Spending 10 3. Visitor Spending 11 4. The Economic Impact of UBC Research 13 · Spillover Effect 14 a. A case

  19. THE ECONOMIC SITUATION IN THE ECE REGION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE ECONOMIC SITUATION IN THE ECE REGION DIETER HESSE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS DIVISION UNECE #12;Major trends in the global economy so far in 2003 Global economic activity picked up ­ but uneven regional growth forces United States remains main engine of global economic growth Japan and Asian emerging

  20. An Economic Profile of the Biosciences Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    An Economic Profile of the Biosciences Industry in West Virginia1 February 2008 By Anthony C. Gregory & Tom S. Witt Bureau of Business and Economic Research College of Business and Economics West are the responsibility of the authors. Mr. Gregory is a graduate research assistant, Bureau of Business and Economic

  1. Economic Assessment of the NIST Ceramic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    98-3 Planning Report Economic Assessment of the NIST Ceramic Phase Diagram Program Prepared by and Economic Analysis Group February 1998 U.S Department of Commerce Technology Administration #12;#12;ECONOMIC of Standards and Technology Program Office Strategic Planning and Economic Analysis Group Prepared under

  2. Economic benefits of greenspace Research Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic benefits of greenspace Research Report #12;#12;Research Report Economic benefits of greenspace A critical assessment of evidence of net economic benefits Forestry Commission: Edinburgh Vadim. ISBN 978-0-85538-865-2 Saraev, V. (2012) Economic benefits of greenspace: a critical assessment

  3. Economic Assessment of the NIST Alternative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    98-1 Planning Report Economic Assessment of the NIST Alternative Refrigerants Research Program and Economic Analysis Group January 1998 U.S Department of Commerce Technology Administration #12;ECONOMIC and Economic Analysis Group Prepared by: Matthew T. Shedlick Albert N. Link John T. Scott Approved by: David P

  4. COMPUTATIONAL ECONOMICS AT THE COMPUTATION INSTITUTE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    discussed the modern economic theory of incentives. Asymmetric information is common in economic relationsCOMPUTATIONAL ECONOMICS AT THE COMPUTATION INSTITUTE Summary of 3-D Discussions Prepared by Ken and economists to discuss a variety of topics on how computational methods can advance economic analysis

  5. Economics UMass Lowell Commonwealth Honors Track

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    Economics UMass Lowell Commonwealth Honors Track Fall 2013 and Beyond Freshman Year/ Fall Semester.201 (H) Honors Economics I 3 49.202 Economics II 3 92.121 Pre-calc or any higher level 3 92.109 First Year Seminar 1 16 16 Sophomore Year/Fall Semester Cr Sophomore/Spring Semester 49.3/4 Economics

  6. Job advertisement for: Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    Job advertisement for: Department of Economics McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario Canada L8S 4M4 July 1, 2011, in the Department of Economics at McMaster University. The Department has a particular interest in the fields of environmental economics/natural resources, international economics

  7. Dr. James F. Booker Professor of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dr. James F. Booker Professor of Economics Siena College Economics Department voice: 518.siena.edu/booker Home: 19 Lincoln Ave, Delmar, NY 12054 Professional Experience Professor of Economics. Department of Economics, Siena College. Douglas T. Hickey Professor of Business 2002-04; Associate Professor 2002

  8. Economics Major? Need Money for School?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economics Major? Need Money for School? Then Apply for a: The Economics Department will award two scholarships, each in the amount of $750 this Spring 2014 to students majoring in Economics at San Francisco. First - a retired member of the Economics faculty. Both graduate and undergraduate students

  9. Charged particle rapidity distributions at relativistic energies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, ZW; Pal, S.; Ko, Che Ming; Li, Ba; Zhang, B.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a multiphase transport model (AMPT), which includes both initial partonic and final hadronic interactions, we study the rapidity distributions of charged particles such as protons, antiprotons, pions, and kaons in heavy ion collisions at RHIC...

  10. WVU Personal Rapid Transit Benefit Cost Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    WVU Personal Rapid Transit Benefit Cost Analysis Morgantown, West Virginia Prepared For: West.......................................................................................... 15 Travel Time Value - Understanding Travel Time Costs................................................. 15 Travel Time Value - Understanding Travel Time Costs

  11. Proton polarizabilities from polarized Compton scattering: low-energy expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadiia Krupina

    2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We reexamine the low-energy expansion of polarized Compton scattering off the proton and show that the leading non-Born contribution to the beam asymmetry of low-energy Compton scattering is given by the magnetic polarizability alone, the electric polarizability cancels out. Based on this fact we propose to determine the magnetic dipole polarizability of the proton from the beam asymmetry. We also present the low-energy expansion of doubly-polarized observables, from which the spin polarizabilities can be extracted.

  12. Clean Energy Alliance Expansion Continues http://www.mmdnewswire.com/pdf-86054/clean-energy-alliance-expansion-continues.pdf[2/3/2012 12:13:14 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    Clean Energy Alliance Expansion Continues http://www.mmdnewswire.com/pdf-86054/clean-energy-alliance-expansion-continues.pdf[2/3/2012 12:13:14 PM] Clean Energy Alliance Expansion Continues UCSD and Chicago Members Expand CEA's Geographic Reach Golden, CO (MMD Newswire) February 1, 2012 -- Clean Energy Alliance, Inc. (CEA

  13. Proceedings of Student Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 9th, 2003 Modeling Economic Time Series Using a Focused Time Lagged

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tappert, Charles

    Series Using a Focused Time Lagged FeedForward Neural Network N. Moseley ABSTRACT, - Artificial neural other series expansion.[2]. The motivation for analysis of time series using neural netwoProceedings of Student Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 9th, 2003 Modeling Economic Time

  14. Syllabus Natural Resource Policy & Economics 1 Natural Resource Policy & Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    resource policies using basic economic tools (e.g., graphical welfare analysis), and by applying ecological: The Eighth Fold Path to More Effective Problem Solving. Chatham House Publishers, New York. 3. Bowles, S Ecological Perspective on the Valuation of Ecosystem Services," Biological Conservation, 120:549-565. 6

  15. Mihaylo College of Business and Economics Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    competing uses in a global economy and across different market structures under conditions of limited of government in the economy in the context of business activity, income distribution, economic growth, globalization and market failure. Engage in policy oriented analysis To understand the theory used to analyze

  16. Economic Development | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGasRelease Date:research community -- hostedEconomic Economic

  17. Economics is a social science concerned with the economic behavior of consumers and producers as well

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5/2013 ECONOMICS Economics is a social science concerned with the economic behavior of consumers and producers as well as the operation and evaluation of economic systems. Economists study questions like why does the price of gasoline go up and down and what can we do to improve the economy. Studying economics

  18. Causality in Economics and Econometrics An Entry for the New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    Causality in Economics and Econometrics An Entry for the New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics Kevin;Causality in Economics and Econometrics K.D. Hoover 9 June 2006 Abstract of Causality in Economics and Econometrics An entry for the New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. Traces the history of causality

  19. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Health Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weyde, Tillman

    economic evaluation takes place; to familiarise students with key economic issues confronting health of microeconomics applied to health and health care. · Apply principles and methods of economic evaluation and economic evaluation Skills: · Appraise critically quantitative health economics research. · Work both

  20. Economics, Mathematics, Statistics MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY BOZEMAN MOUNTAINS & MINDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    Economics, Mathematics, Statistics MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY BOZEMAN MOUNTAINS & MINDS Economics The Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics offers a broad education involving the domestic, and for graduate study in economics and in related fields including business administra- tion, finance, public

  1. Chaos expansion of local time of fractional Brownian motions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Yaozhong; Oksendal, B.

    2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We find the chaos expansion of local time l(T)((H))(x, (.)) of fractional Brownian motion with Hurst coefficient H is an element of (0, 1) at a point x is an element of R-d. As an application we show that when H(0)d < 1 then l...

  2. Right tail expansion of Tracy-Widom beta laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaëtan Borot; Céline Nadal

    2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Using loop equations, we compute the large deviation function of the maximum eigenvalue to the right of the spectrum in the Gaussian beta matrix ensembles, to all orders in 1/N. We then give a physical derivation of the all order asymptotic expansion of the right tail Tracy-Widom beta laws, for all positive beta, by studying the double scaling limit.

  3. Beta-conjugates of real algebraic numbers as Puiseux expansions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Beta-conjugates of real algebraic numbers as Puiseux expansions Jean-Louis Verger-Gaugry Abstract. The beta-conjugates of a base of numeration > 1, being a Parry number, were introduced by Boyd, in the context of the R´enyi-Parry dynamics of numeration system and the beta-transformation. These beta

  4. Gradient expansion of superhorizon perturbations in G-inflation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frusciante, Noemi; Zhou, Shuang-Yong; Sotiriou, Thomas P., E-mail: nfruscia@sissa.it, E-mail: szhou@sissa.it, E-mail: sotiriou@sissa.it [SISSA and INFN Sezione di Trieste, Via Bonomea 265, 34136, Trieste (Italy)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop the gradient expansion formalism for shift-symmetric Galileon-type actions. We focus on backgrounds that undergo inflation, work in the synchronous gauge, and obtain a general solution up to second order without imposing extra conditions at first order. The solution simplifies during the late stages of inflation. We also define a curvature perturbation conserved up to first order.

  5. Testing of Expansive Clays in a Centrifuge Permeameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    Testing of Expansive Clays in a Centrifuge Permeameter M. D. Plaisted & J. G. Zornberg with the objective of characterizing the swelling of highly plastic clays using a centrifuge permeameter. The new. This study, conducted using a comparatively simple, non- instrumented centrifuge device complements ongo- ing

  6. ORIGINAL PAPER Range expansion and prey use of American mink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ORIGINAL PAPER Range expansion and prey use of American mink in Argentinean Patagonia: dilemmas of American mink as an introduced species in Patagonia and elsewhere, together with our own survey, we discuss the implications of this invasion for biodiversity conservation in Argentinean Patagonia and the associated

  7. YOKAYO BIOFUELS, INC. GRANT FOR IMPROVEMENTS AND EXPANSION OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YOKAYO BIOFUELS, INC. GRANT FOR IMPROVEMENTS AND EXPANSION OF AN EXISTING FACILITY INITIAL STUDY-11-601) to expand an existing biofuels production facility (Yokayo Biofuels, Inc.) located at 350 Orr: THE PROPOSED PROJECT: Yokayo Biofuels, Inc. is an existing biofuels facility located at 350 Orr Springs Road

  8. Sequence space and the ongoing expansion of the protein universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nachman, Michael

    LETTERS Sequence space and the ongoing expansion of the protein universe Inna S. Povolotskaya1 whether these restrictions impose a global limit on how far homologous protein sequences can diverge from each other. Here we explore the limits of protein evolution using sequence divergence data. We

  9. A Novel Visual Secret Sharing Scheme without Image Size Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heys, Howard

    A Novel Visual Secret Sharing Scheme without Image Size Expansion Nazanin Askari, Cecilia Moloney. Visual cryptography is a secure secret sharing scheme that divides secret images into shares which on their own reveal no information of the original secret image. Recovery of the secret image can be performed

  10. THE EXPANSION OF ACTIVE REGIONS INTO THE EXTENDED SOLAR CORONA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morgan, Huw; Jeska, Lauren; Leonard, Drew, E-mail: hmorgan@aber.ac.uk [Sefydliad Mathemateg a Ffiseg, Prifysgol Aberystwyth, Ceredigion SY23 3BZ (United Kingdom)

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced image processing of Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph Experiment (LASCO) C2 observations reveals the expansion of the active region closed field into the extended corona. The nested closed-loop systems are large, with an apparent latitudinal extent of 50 Degree-Sign , and expanding to heights of at least 12 R{sub Sun }. The expansion speeds are {approx}10 km s{sup -1} in the AIA/SDO field of view, below {approx}20 km s{sup -1} at 2.3 R{sub Sun }, and accelerate linearly to {approx}60 km s{sup -1} at 5 R{sub Sun }. They appear with a frequency of one every {approx}3 hr over a time period of around three days. They are not coronal mass ejections (CMEs) since their gradual expansion is continuous and steady. They are also faint, with an upper limit of 3% of the brightness of background streamers. Extreme ultraviolet images reveal continuous birth and expansion of hot, bright loops from a new active region at the base of the system. The LASCO images show that the loops span a radial fan-like system of streamers, suggesting that they are not propagating within the main coronal streamer structure. The expanding loops brighten at low heights a few hours prior to a CME eruption, and the expansion process is temporarily halted as the closed field system is swept away. Closed magnetic structures from some active regions are not isolated from the extended corona and solar wind, but can expand to large heights in the form of quiescent expanding loops.

  11. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator Aug 2013 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator Aug 2013 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  12. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2013 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), Calif

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2013 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  13. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2010 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2010 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  14. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Califo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2012 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  15. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2012 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  16. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2011 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Califo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2011 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  17. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2011 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2011 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  18. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2014 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2014 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  19. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Cal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2012 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  20. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2011 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Cal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2011 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  1. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator February 2014 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), Calif

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator February 2014 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  2. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2014 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), Califor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2014 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  3. The Economics of Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    The Economics of Energy Efficiency Winter 2013 Why does Comcast give you set-top boxes that use the adoption of more energy- efficient technologies. This course will mostly not cover the "big picture landlord insulate the attic? What makes an investment in energy efficiency attractive? How does a company

  4. Economics of natural gas upgrading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hackworth, J.H.; Koch, R.W.

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural gas could be an important alternative energy source in meeting some of the market demand presently met by liquid products from crude oil. This study was initiated to analyze three energy markets to determine if greater use could be made of natural gas or natural gas derived products and if those products could be provided on an economically competitive basis. The three markets targeted for possible increases in gas use were motor fuels, power generation, and the chemical feedstocks market. The economics of processes to convert natural gas to transportation fuels, chemical products, and power were analyzed. The economic analysis was accomplished by drawing on a variety of detailed economic studies, updating them and bringing the results to a common basis. The processes analyzed included production of methanol, MTBE, higher alcohols, gasoline, CNG, and LNG for the transportation market. Production and use of methanol and ammonia in the chemical feedstock market and use of natural gas for power generation were also assessed. Use of both high and low quality gas as a process feed stream was evaluated. The analysis also explored the impact of various gas price growth rates and process facility locations, including remote gas areas. In assessing the transportation fuels market the analysis examined production and use of both conventional and new alternative motor fuels.

  5. IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Huppert Noelwah R. Netusil JunJie Wu Cost-Effectiveness of Fish Tagging Technologies and Programs in the Columbia River Basin1 Independent Economic Analysis Board Fish and Wildlife Program Northwest Power and Conservation Council June 2, 2013 1 This report benefitted from the meetings of the Fish Tagging Forum

  6. Crisis Aftermath: Economic policy changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisis Aftermath: Economic policy changes in the EU and its Member States 8th-9th March, 2012 University of Szeged, Hungary Fabian Zuleeg Chief Economist, European Policy Centre, Brussels, Belgium Professor Masahiko Yoshii Kobe University, EU Institute, Kobe, Japan Gabriele Cipriani Director, European

  7. ASIAN DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Winter 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, John

    and the Financial System Week 8 (02/27) Chapter 11 Globalization and the New Economy Week 9 (03/03) Chapter 13 economies to which the US economy is increasingly connected. The course will give students a flavor of political economy to examine Asia's economic development Prerequisites: ECON 271, ECON 272 or permission

  8. Air Pollution Socio-Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Traffic Air Pollution and Socio-Economic Status Gregory C Pratt PhD Kristie Ellickson PhD #12 · Relationships #12;Living near traffic increases exposure to air pollution and is associated with adverse health exposed to traffic and air pollution. They are also more vulnerable and have an increased risk of adverse

  9. Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    management skills and good independent thinking as well as selective reading skills in order to get the best life environment then Philosophy, Politics and Economics could be for you. You will need good time out of this degree. You will be expected to do lots of background reading in order to do well

  10. Climate Change Economics and Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Daniela

    AFRICA COLLEGE Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy Adapting to Climate Change 3 CLIMATE...Furthermore, there is strong scientific evidence that climate change will disrupt the global economy, environment and society a growing population in a changing climate is, therefore, a major global challenge. Changes in climate

  11. The Role of Demand Resources In Regional Transmission Expansion Planning and Reliable Operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirby, Brendan J [ORNL

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Investigating the role of demand resources in regional transmission planning has provided mixed results. On one hand there are only a few projects where demand response has been used as an explicit alternative to transmission enhancement. On the other hand there is a fair amount of demand response in the form of energy efficiency, peak reduction, emergency load shedding, and (recently) demand providing ancillary services. All of this demand response reduces the need for transmission enhancements. Demand response capability is typically (but not always) factored into transmission planning as a reduction in the load which must be served. In that sense demand response is utilized as an alternative to transmission expansion. Much more demand response is used (involuntarily) as load shedding under extreme conditions to prevent cascading blackouts. The amount of additional transmission and generation that would be required to provide the current level of reliability if load shedding were not available is difficult to imagine and would be impractical to build. In a very real sense demand response solutions are equitably treated in every region - when proposed, demand response projects are evaluated against existing reliability and economic criteria. The regional councils, RTOs, and ISOs identify needs. Others propose transmission, generation, or responsive load based solutions. Few demand response projects get included in transmission enhancement plans because few are proposed. But this is only part of the story. Several factors are responsible for the current very low use of demand response as a transmission enhancement alternative. First, while the generation, transmission, and load business sectors each deal with essentially the same amount of electric power, generation and transmission companies are explicitly in the electric power business but electricity is not the primary business focus of most loads. This changes the institutional focus of each sector. Second, market and reliability rules have, understandably, been written around the capabilities and limitations of generators, the historic reliability resources. Responsive load limitations and capabilities are often not accommodated in markets or reliability criteria. Third, because of the institutional structure, demand response alternatives are treated as temporary solutions that can delay but not replace transmission enhancement. Financing has to be based on a three to five year project life as opposed to the twenty to fifty year life of transmission facilities. More can be done to integrate demand response options into transmission expansion planning. Given the societal benefits it may be appropriate for independent transmission planning organizations to take a more proactive role in drawing demand response alternatives into the resource mix. Existing demand response programs provide a technical basis to build from. Regulatory and market obstacles will have to be overcome if demand response alternatives are to be routinely considered in transmission expansion planning.

  12. Takashi Negishi,"Kyoto School of Modern Economic Theory", Kyoto Economic Review, 73-1, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    2011 33 8 41 2009 27 7 34 HoChiMinhCityUniversityof Technology 2010 2012 Studies International Finance Theory International Trade Theory Development Economics Economic Development in Asia ASEAN Economy and Sustainable Development Comparative Development Studies Environmental Economic

  13. Bubbling Reactor Technology for Rapid Synthesis of Uniform, Small...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bubbling Reactor Technology for Rapid Synthesis of Uniform, Small MFI-Type Zeolite Crystals . Bubbling Reactor Technology for Rapid Synthesis of Uniform, Small MFI-Type Zeolite...

  14. RAPID COMMUNICATIONS IN MASS SPECTROMETRY Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2005; 19: 32483252

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Myung Soo

    to be that photofragment ions generated at this wavelength are similar to those from low- and high-energy CAD, and are thusRAPID COMMUNICATIONS IN MASS SPECTROMETRY Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2005; 19: 3248 of singly protonated peptides at 193 nm investigated with tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry Jeong Hee

  15. RAPID COMMUNICATIONS IN MASS SPECTROMETRY Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2005; 19: 24812487

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Myung Soo

    chromophore dissociated efficiently when a suf- ficiently high laser pulse energy was used. Also, the pulseRAPID COMMUNICATIONS IN MASS SPECTROMETRY Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2005; 19: 2481 time-of- flight (TOF) mass spectrometry of ions generated by matrix-assisted laser desorption

  16. RAPID COMMUNICATION / COMMUNICATION RAPIDE Validation of Sr isotopes in otoliths by laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    RAPID COMMUNICATION / COMMUNICATION RAPIDE Validation of Sr isotopes in otoliths by laser ablation à plasma inductif avec multicollecteur après ablation au laser (LA-MC-ICPMS) et par spectrométrie de ratios using laser abla- tion multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA

  17. Economics & Finance MA or BSc (Single Honours Degrees)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    88 Economics & Finance MA or BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Applied Economics Economics Financial Economics BA (International Honours Degrees) Economics See page 13 MA or BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Economics and one of: Management Mathematics MA (Joint Honours Degrees) Economics and one of: Ancient

  18. Essays in experimental and development economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Healy, Andrew J

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a collection of three essays on economic development and experimental economics. In Chapter 1, I present experimental evidence about how Thais treat information from domestic and foreign sources. Thai students ...

  19. Economic Assessment of the NIST Thermocouple Calibration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    97-1 Planning Report Economic Assessment of the NIST Thermocouple Calibration Program U of Standards and Technology #12;ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF THE NIST THERMOCOUPLE CALIBRATION PROGRAM July 11, 1997 ............................................................................................................... 4 1.2 NIST Thermocouple Calibration Program

  20. Essays in development and environmental economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanna, Rema

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on economic development and environmental economics. Chapter 1 measures the response of U.S. based multinational firms to the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA), which ...

  1. Key Implications of the Global Economic Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lansky, Joshua

    Key Implications of the Global Economic Environment For PCT Filings: A Survey of the Issues DMI...............................................................................9 Annex 1: Incentives for Patent Filing: The Analytical Framework...........................11 I-1 Intellectual property, innovation, and economic growth.................................13 2-2 Individual

  2. Economic Viability of Dynamic Spectrum Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    providers, and government regulatory bodies. Providing proper economic incentives for everyone involved, proper economic incentives, and timely policy reforms. DSM is a promising solution to this issue. In DSMEconomic Viability of Dynamic Spectrum Management Jianwei Huang Network Communications

  3. Variables Affecting Economic Development of Wind Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL's JEDI Wind model performed an analysis of wind-power-related economic development drivers. Economic development benefits for wind and coal were estimated using NREL's JEDI Wind and JEDI Coal models.

  4. Essays in public finance and labor economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ananat, Elizabeth Oltmans

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines three questions of causality relevant to public finance and labor economics: the effect of racial segregation on city characteristics, the effect of divorce on women's economic outcomes, and the effect ...

  5. Essays on conflict, cooperation and economic development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ralston, Laura R. (Laura Rosalind)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation consists of three chapters on topics relating to conflict, social cooperation and development economics. Several studies have identified the impact of adverse economic shocks on civil conflict using ...

  6. BRUSSELS DIPLOMATIC ACADEMY ECONOMIC DIPLOMACY AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    BRUSSELS DIPLOMATIC ACADEMY ECONOMIC DIPLOMACY AND INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS BRUSSELS DIPLOMATIC ACADEMY Master classes for diplomats Master classes for international businessmen Topical seminars Academy has a clear focus on economic diplomacy and international entrepreneurship. We prepare students

  7. Assessing the economic case for stratified medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goren, Amir, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this study is to explore the economic conditions that favor the joint development of therapeutics and companion diagnostics. I hypothesize that predictive biomarkers can generate economic value in drug development ...

  8. Economic feasibility of bagasse charcoal in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamimoto, Lynn K. (Lynn Kam Oi)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The economics of implementing bagasse-based charcoal manufacturing in Haiti was investigated. From these main inputs, three different manufacturing economic scenarios were modeled using a simple, dynamic excel spreadsheet. ...

  9. Economic targeting in modern warfare

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lambeth, B.S.; Lewis, K.N.

    1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear weapons and strategies for their use play a variety of roles in the defense and foreign policies of the United States and Soviet Union. Accordingly, both nations buy forces and prepare war plans for many purposes. Although it is perhaps the least likely contingency for which either country prepares, the scenario in which both sides launch more or less all-out attacks against their opponent's economic or urban-industrial target system often dominates public consideration of strategic policy issues. These kinds of strikes, generically termed countervalue attacks, are usually assumed to throw many thousands of nuclear weapons against cities and isolated facilities in order to destroy the adversary nation as an organized, functioning, and economically viable entity.

  10. The Elusive Coefficients of Thermal Expansion in PBX 9502

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C.B. Skidmore; T.A. Butler; C.W. Sandoval

    2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PBX 9502 has been in war reserve service for over two decades. Ninety-five percent of the solid phase of this insensitive high explosive is composed of energetic crystallites designated as TATB (1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene), held together by the remaining solid fraction--an inert, polymeric binder named Kel-F 800. The unusual combination of extreme insensitivity and adequate performance characteristics is not the only enigmatic feature of such TATB-based materials. In this report, we describe the difficulty and progress to date in reliably determining the coefficients of thermal expansion for consolidated components of PBX 9502. We provide bulk linear coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) values for PBX 9502 consolidated to a density of approximately 1.890 g/cm{sup 3} and offer a simple set of equations for calculating dimensional changes for temperatures from 218 to 347 K (-55 C to 74 C).

  11. Multipole expansions in four-dimensional hyperspherical harmonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Meremianin

    2006-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The technique of vector differentiation is applied to the problem of the derivation of multipole expansions in four-dimensional space. Explicit expressions for the multipole expansion of the function $r^n C_j (\\hr)$ with $\\vvr=\\vvr_1+\\vvr_2$ are given in terms of tensor products of two hyperspherical harmonics depending on the unit vectors $\\hr_1$ and $\\hr_2$. The multipole decomposition of the function $(\\vvr_1 \\cdot \\vvr_2)^n$ is also derived. The proposed method can be easily generalised to the case of the space with dimensionality larger than four. Several explicit expressions for the four-dimensional Clebsch-Gordan coefficients with particular values of parameters are presented in the closed form.

  12. Unitary Fermi gas, epsilon expansion, and nonrelativistic conformal field theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yusuke Nishida; Dam Thanh Son

    2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We review theoretical aspects of unitary Fermi gas (UFG), which has been realized in ultracold atom experiments. We first introduce the epsilon expansion technique based on a systematic expansion in terms of the dimensionality of space. We apply this technique to compute the thermodynamic quantities, the quasiparticle spectrum, and the critical temperature of UFG. We then discuss consequences of the scale and conformal invariance of UFG. We prove a correspondence between primary operators in nonrelativistic conformal field theories and energy eigenstates in a harmonic potential. We use this correspondence to compute energies of fermions at unitarity in a harmonic potential. The scale and conformal invariance together with the general coordinate invariance constrains the properties of UFG. We show the vanishing bulk viscosities of UFG and derive the low-energy effective Lagrangian for the superfluid UFG. Finally we propose other systems exhibiting the nonrelativistic scaling and conformal symmetries that can be in principle realized in ultracold atom experiments.

  13. Experiences using DAKOTA stochastic expansion methods in computational simulations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Templeton, Jeremy Alan; Ruthruff, Joseph R.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uncertainty quantification (UQ) methods bring rigorous statistical connections to the analysis of computational and experiment data, and provide a basis for probabilistically assessing margins associated with safety and reliability. The DAKOTA toolkit developed at Sandia National Laboratories implements a number of UQ methods, which are being increasingly adopted by modeling and simulation teams to facilitate these analyses. This report disseminates results as to the performance of DAKOTA's stochastic expansion methods for UQ on a representative application. Our results provide a number of insights that may be of interest to future users of these methods, including the behavior of the methods in estimating responses at varying probability levels, and the expansion levels for the methodologies that may be needed to achieve convergence.

  14. Theoretical model for plasma expansion generated by hypervelocity impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ju, Yuanyuan; Zhang, Qingming, E-mail: qmzhang@bit.edu.cn; Zhang, Dongjiang; Long, Renrong; Chen, Li; Huang, Fenglei [State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Gong, Zizheng [National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Reliability and Environment Engineering, Beijing Institute of Spacecraft Environment Engineering, Beijing 100094 (China)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The hypervelocity impact experiments of spherical LY12 aluminum projectile diameter of 6.4?mm on LY12 aluminum target thickness of 23?mm have been conducted using a two-stage light gas gun. The impact velocity of the projectile is 5.2, 5.7, and 6.3?km/s, respectively. The experimental results show that the plasma phase transition appears under the current experiment conditions, and the plasma expansion consists of accumulation, equilibrium, and attenuation. The plasma characteristic parameters decrease as the plasma expands outward and are proportional with the third power of the impact velocity, i.e., (T{sub e}, n{sub e})???v{sub p}{sup 3}. Based on the experimental results, a theoretical model on the plasma expansion is developed and the theoretical results are consistent with the experimental data.

  15. Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shehabi, Arman

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Studyoccupants. To investigate contamination levels, particlemethod of collecting contamination readings. The system,

  16. A Century of American Economic Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; Piatti, Marco

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review, 70(5): 950–59. – Kuznets, Simon. 1955. “EconomicMarschak, Haberler, Kuznets, and many others. Later, as

  17. ForPeerReview Cavity expansion in cross anisotropic rock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Peter

    for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics Manuscript ID: NAG-10-0026.R1 Wiley - Manuscript type in Geomechanics #12;ForPeerReview Only Cavity expansion in cross-anisotropic rock Dimitrios Kolymbas Peter Wagner://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/nag International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

  18. Intermediate Vapor Expansion Distillation and Nested Enrichment Cascade Distillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erickson, D. C.

    INTERMEDIATE VAPOR EXPANSION DISTILLATION AND NESTED ENRICHMENT CASCADE DISTILLATION D.. C. Erickson Energy Concepts Company Annapolis, Maryland ABSTRACT Although it is known that incorporating an intermediate reboiler or reflux... condenser in a distillation ~olumn will improve column efficiency by 15 to 100%, there has been little use of this technique to date." Intermediate vapor compression heat pumping was recently introduced as one practical means of achieving this benefit...

  19. Adiabatic expansion and magnetic fields in AGN jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. B. Pushkarev; Y. Y. Kovalev; A. P. Lobanov

    2008-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of high-resolution simultaneous multi-frequency 8.1-15.4 GHz VLBA polarimetric observations of relativistic jets in active galactic nuclei (the MOJAVE-2 project) are analyzed. We compare characteristics of VLBI features with jet model predictions and test if adiabatic expansion is a dominating mechanism for the evolution of relativistic shocks in parsec-scale AGN jets. We also discuss magnetic field configuration, both predicted by the model and deduced from electric vector position angle measurements.

  20. Single eta production in heavy quarkonia: breakdown of multipole expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu. A. Simonov; A. I. Veselov

    2008-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The $\\eta$ production in the $(n,n')$ bottomonium transitions $\\Upsilon (n) \\to \\Upsilon (n') \\eta, $ is studied in the method used before for dipion heavy quarkonia transitions. The widths $\\Gamma_\\eta(n,n')$ are calculated without fitting parameters for $n=2,3,4,5, n'=1$. Resulting $\\Gamma_\\eta(4,1)$ is found to be large in agreement with recent data. Multipole expansion method is shown to be inadequate for large size systems considered.

  1. Comment on "Accelerating cosmological expansion from shear and bulk viscosity"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giovannini, Massimo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a recent Letter [Phys. Rev. Lett. 114 091301 (2105)] the cause of the acceleration of the present Universe has been identified with the shear viscosity of an imperfect relativistic fluid even in the absence of any bulk viscous contribution. The gist of this comment is that the shear viscosity, if anything, can only lead to an accelerated expansion over sufficiently small scales well inside the Hubble radius.

  2. An engineering geology analysis of home foundations on expansive clays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castleberry, Joe Patterson

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Center Lift Model 70 14 Regression Analysis With Interactions End Lift Model 71 APPENDIX C C-1 Studies in Which Swelling Potential and Pressure Were Compared Against Several Soil Index Properties . . . . . . . . . 126 iX Table APPENDIX D Page.... environmental parameters. Studies directed toward light foundations on expansive soil have been limited to case histories of damaged structures, and, for most purposes, do little more than restate the problem. The Carter's &rove Addition, located...

  3. Adaptive sparse polynomial chaos expansion based on least angle regression

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blatman, Geraud, E-mail: geraud.blatman@edf.f [Clermont Universite, IFMA, EA 3867, Laboratoire de Mecanique et Ingenieries, BP 10448, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand (France); EDF R and D, Departement Materiaux et Mecanique des Composants, Site des Renardieres, 77250 Moret-sur-Loing cedex (France); Sudret, Bruno [Clermont Universite, IFMA, EA 3867, Laboratoire de Mecanique et Ingenieries, BP 10448, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand (France); Phimeca Engineering, Centre d'Affaires du Zenith, 34 rue de Sarlieve, F-63800 Cournon d'Auvergne (France)

    2011-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Polynomial chaos (PC) expansions are used in stochastic finite element analysis to represent the random model response by a set of coefficients in a suitable (so-called polynomial chaos) basis. The number of terms to be computed grows dramatically with the size of the input random vector, which makes the computational cost of classical solution schemes (may it be intrusive (i.e. of Galerkin type) or non intrusive) unaffordable when the deterministic finite element model is expensive to evaluate. To address such problems, the paper describes a non intrusive method that builds a sparse PC expansion. First, an original strategy for truncating the PC expansions, based on hyperbolic index sets, is proposed. Then an adaptive algorithm based on least angle regression (LAR) is devised for automatically detecting the significant coefficients of the PC expansion. Beside the sparsity of the basis, the experimental design used at each step of the algorithm is systematically complemented in order to avoid the overfitting phenomenon. The accuracy of the PC metamodel is checked using an estimate inspired by statistical learning theory, namely the corrected leave-one-out error. As a consequence, a rather small number of PC terms are eventually retained (sparse representation), which may be obtained at a reduced computational cost compared to the classical 'full' PC approximation. The convergence of the algorithm is shown on an analytical function. Then the method is illustrated on three stochastic finite element problems. The first model features 10 input random variables, whereas the two others involve an input random field, which is discretized into 38 and 30 - 500 random variables, respectively.

  4. The rapid tooling testbed: a distributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yong

    the manufacturing activity, and that little additional communication between these activities is necessary. UnderThe rapid tooling testbed: a distributed design-for- manufacturing system David W. Rosen Yong Chen Engineer at 3D Systems, Valencia, California, USA. Shiva Sambu is a Manufacturing Engineer at Align

  5. High precision, rapid laser hole drilling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Jim J.; Friedman, Herbert W.; Comaskey, Brian J.

    2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A laser system produces a first laser beam for rapidly removing the bulk of material in an area to form a ragged hole. The laser system produces a second laser beam for accurately cleaning up the ragged hole so that the final hole has dimensions of high precision.

  6. High precision, rapid laser hole drilling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Jim J.; Friedman, Herbert W.; Comaskey, Brian J.

    2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A laser system produces a first laser beam for rapidly removing the bulk of material in an area to form a ragged hole. The laser system produces a second laser beam for accurately cleaning up the ragged hole so that the final hole has dimensions of high precision.

  7. High precision, rapid laser hole drilling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Jim J.; Friedman, Herbert W.; Comaskey, Brian J.

    2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A laser system produces a first laser beam for rapidly removing the bulk of material in an area to form a ragged hole. The laser system produces a second laser beam for accurately cleaning up the ragged hole so that the final hole has dimensions of high precision.

  8. RAPID COMMUNICATION Navigational Skills Correlate With Hippocampal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iaria, Giuseppe

    ; topographical orientation; virtual environment; cognitive map INTRODUCTION Evidence from human and non-humanRAPID COMMUNICATION Navigational Skills Correlate With Hippocampal Fractional Anisotropy in Humans animals (O'Keefe and Nadel, 1978; Mellet et al., 2000) has shown that successful orientation within

  9. Enabling Rapid Development of Parallel Tree Search Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeffrey P. Gardner; Andrew Connolly; Cameron McBride

    2007-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Virtual observatories will give astronomers easy access to an unprecedented amount of data. Extracting scientific knowledge from these data will increasingly demand both efficient algorithms as well as the power of parallel computers. Nearly all efficient analyses of large astronomical datasets use trees as their fundamental data structure. Writing efficient tree-based techniques, a task that is time-consuming even on single-processor computers, is exceedingly cumbersome on massively parallel platforms (MPPs). Most applications that run on MPPs are simulation codes, since the expense of developing them is offset by the fact that they will be used for many years by many researchers. In contrast, data analysis codes change far more rapidly, are often unique to individual researchers, and therefore accommodate little reuse. Consequently, the economics of the current high-performance computing development paradigm for MPPs does not favor data analysis applications. We have therefore built a library, called Ntropy, that provides a flexible, extensible, and easy-to-use way of developing tree-based data analysis algorithms for both serial and parallel platforms. Our experience has shown that not only does our library save development time, it can also deliver excellent serial performance and parallel scalability. Furthermore, Ntropy makes it easy for an astronomer with little or no parallel programming experience to quickly scale their application to a distributed multiprocessor environment. By minimizing development time for efficient and scalable data analysis, we enable wide-scale knowledge discovery on massive datasets.

  10. Influence of structure formation on the cosmic expansion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clarkson, Chris; Ananda, Kishore; Larena, Julien [Cosmology and Gravity Group, Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, Cape Town (South Africa)

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the effect that the average backreaction of structure formation has on the dynamics of the cosmological expansion, within the concordance model. Our approach in the Poisson gauge is fully consistent up to second order in a perturbative expansion about a flat Friedmann background, including a cosmological constant. We discuss the key length scales which are inherent in any averaging procedure of this kind. We identify an intrinsic homogeneity scale that arises from the averaging procedure, beyond which a residual offset remains in the expansion rate and deceleration parameter. In the case of the deceleration parameter, this can lead to a quite large increase in the value, and may therefore have important ramifications for dark energy measurements, even if the underlying nature of dark energy is a cosmological constant. We give the intrinsic variance that affects the value of the effective Hubble rate and deceleration parameter. These considerations serve to add extra intrinsic errors to our determination of the cosmological parameters, and, in particular, may render attempts to measure the Hubble constant to percent precision overly optimistic.

  11. On Perturbation theory improved by Strong coupling expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masazumi Honda

    2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In theoretical physics, we sometimes have two perturbative expansions of physical quantity around different two points in parameter space. In terms of the two perturbative expansions, we introduce a new type of smooth interpolating function consistent with the both expansions, which includes the standard Pad\\'e approximant and fractional power of polynomial method constructed by Sen as special cases. We point out that we can construct enormous number of such interpolating functions in principle while the "best" approximation for the exact answer of the physical quantity should be unique among the interpolating functions. We propose a criterion to determine the "best" interpolating function, which is applicable except some situations even if we do not know the exact answer. It turns out that our criterion works for various examples including specific heat in two-dimensional Ising model, average plaquette in four-dimensional SU(3) pure Yang-Mills theory on lattice and free energy in c=1 string theory at self-dual radius. We also mention possible applications of the interpolating functions to system with phase transition.

  12. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION, L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTI...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION, L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 11-161-LNG - ORDER 3357 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION, L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE...

  13. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTIO...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    EXPANSION L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE DKT. 10-160-LNG - ORDER 2913 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE DKT. 10-160-LNG - ORDER...

  14. The expansion of woody riparian vegetation, and subsequent stream restoration, influences the metabolism of prairie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodds, Walter

    The expansion of woody riparian vegetation, and subsequent stream restoration, influences, the restoration allowed recovery of some features of open-canopy prairie streams. Woody expansion apparently. Keywords: macroalgae, microalgae, primary production, restoration, streams Introduction North American

  15. Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC - FE...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC - FE Dkt. No. 11-161-LNG Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC - FE Dkt. No. 11-161-LNG On November 15,...

  16. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTIO...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-06-LNG - ORDER 3066 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE DKT. NO....

  17. EXPANSIVE SUBDYNAMICS FOR ALGEBRAIC Z d ACTIONS MANFRED EINSIEDLER, DOUGLAS LIND, RICHARD MILES, AND THOMAS WARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lind, Douglas A.

    EXPANSIVE SUBDYNAMICS FOR ALGEBRAIC Z d ­ACTIONS MANFRED EINSIEDLER, DOUGLAS LIND, RICHARD MILES spaces was proposed by Boyle and Lind in terms of expansive behavior along lower­dimensional subspaces

  18. EXPANSIVE SUBDYNAMICS FOR ALGEBRAIC Zd-ACTIONS MANFRED EINSIEDLER, DOUGLAS LIND, RICHARD MILES, AND THOMAS WARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lind, Douglas A.

    EXPANSIVE SUBDYNAMICS FOR ALGEBRAIC Zd-ACTIONS MANFRED EINSIEDLER, DOUGLAS LIND, RICHARD MILES spaces was proposed by Boyle and Lind in terms of expansive behavior along lower-dimensional subspaces

  19. Policy Research Unit in Economic Evaluation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Policy Research Unit in Economic Evaluation of Health and Care Interventions Responsiveprogrammeto of conducting economic evaluation The methodological approaches to this responsive strand of work can take. This project will develop fresh approaches to economic evaluations to advise on cost- effectiveness

  20. Planning Report 01-3 Economic Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Planning Report 01-3 Economic Evaluation of the Baldrige National Quality Program Prepared by Administration #12;Economic Evaluation of the Baldrige National Quality Program by Albert N. Link Department in Applications B. Award Winners VI. Economic Evaluation of the Baldrige National Quality Program A. Overview

  1. A NEW APPROACH FOR EVALUATING ECONOMIC FORECASTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    APPROACH FOR EVALUATING ECONOMIC FORECASTS Tara M. Sinclair , H.O. Stekler, and Warren Carnow Department of Economics The George Washington University Monroe Hall #340 2115 G Street NW Washington, DC 20052 JEL Codes, Mahalanobis Distance Abstract This paper presents a new approach to evaluating multiple economic forecasts

  2. The Economic Legacy of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    The Economic Legacy of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Prof. Nader Habibi Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Iran's sixth and working-class Iranians. His campaign promises regarding redistributing wealth, enlarging economic, during his two terms in office, Ahmadinejad indeed implemented a number of important economic reforms

  3. Economic Approaches to Understanding Scientific Norms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strevens, Michael

    Economic Approaches to Understanding Scientific Norms Michael Strevens To appear in Episteme A A theme of much work taking an "economic approach" to the study of sci- ence is the interaction between of formal methods, proponents of the economic approach offer what are in substantive terms profoundly

  4. RISING ECONOMIC INSECURITY AMONG SENIOR SINGLE WOMEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    RISING ECONOMIC INSECURITY AMONG SENIOR SINGLE WOMEN Tatjana Meschede Martha Cronin Laura Sullivan paying bills, forgoing home maintenance or medical needs. New research shows that economic insecurity of the Great Recession had been felt--economic insecurity among this population subgroup increased by one

  5. 2013 Midyear Economic Forecast Sponsorship Opportunity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    2013 Midyear Economic Forecast Sponsorship Opportunity Thursday, April 18, 2013, ­ Hyatt Regency Irvine 11:30 a.m. ­ 1:30 p.m. Dr. Anil Puri presents his annual Midyear Economic Forecast addressing and Economics at California State University, Fullerton, the largest accredited business school in California

  6. NZER WORKING PAPER SERIES BOLIVIA'S ECONOMIC CRISIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NZER WORKING PAPER SERIES BOLIVIA'S ECONOMIC CRISIS Juan Antonio Morales Jeffrey Sachs Working Paper No. 2620 NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138 of a monograph on "Bolivian Economic Performance and Foreign Debt", undertaken as part of the NBER project

  7. Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India Jeffrey D. Sachs, Nirupam Bajpai and Ananthi Ramiah Papers #12;Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India Jeffrey D. Sachs Center for International Development (CID) Harvard University Ananthi_Ramiah@harvard.edu This paper was prepared for the Asian Economic

  8. The School of Business, Economics and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harding, Karin

    The School of Business, Economics and Law 2009ANNUAL MAGAZINE EFMD #12;Graphic design & production of Gothenburg, Jeffrey Johns/School of Business, Economics and Law, Maria Norrström/School of Business at the School of Business, Economics and Law in Gothenburg Photo by: Niklas Bernstone The School

  9. Economic Incentives for Protecting Digital Rights Online

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright , Matthew

    Economic Incentives for Protecting Digital Rights Online N. Boris Margolina, , Brian Neil Levineb propose the use of economic incentives to both limit and detect unautho- rized sharing. This approach has using direct economic incentives to discourage illegitimate shar- ing and to detect it when it occurs

  10. Forging the Link: Linking the Economic Incentives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forging the Link: Linking the Economic Incentives of Low Impact Development with Community on the economic incentives of LID to address the local decisional realities of community watershed protection in nature but details the economic incentives to LID. It is best suited for audiences seeking to understand

  11. The economics of electronic journals Andrew Odlyzko

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odlyzko, Andrew M.

    and perverse economic incentives. 1. Introduction It is now practically universally accepted that scholarly be revolutionized by new technology. However, institutional and economic incentives are different there, soThe economics of electronic journals Andrew Odlyzko AT&T Labs ­ Research amo

  12. Economics in Film Professors: Dr. Naphtali Hoffman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Economics in Film Professors: Dr. Naphtali Hoffman Office:LT 912 Office Phone: (607) 735: This course is designed to achieve two goals: The first is to introduce students to economic problems, debates, and ideas. The second is to develop critical thinking skill by applying what you know of economics

  13. ROBERT A. BLECKER Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lansky, Joshua

    ROBERT A. BLECKER Professor Department of Economics American University 4400 Massachusetts Ave., N://www.american.edu/cas/faculty/blecker.cfm Curriculum Vitae DATE: August 11, 2014 EMPLOYMENT (Since graduate school) Professor, Department of Economics (CLALS, 2010-present). Chair, Department of Economics, American University, Washington, DC, June 2008

  14. The Economics of HOl1icultural Biotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradford, Kent

    The Economics of HOl1icultural Biotechnology Julian M. Alston Kent J. Bradford Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes SUMMARY. Technological change has driven economic progress in agIiculture and will continue, Department of Agricultural and Resource Econom- ics, University of California, Davis and Associate Director

  15. Strategic Plan for 2020 Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strategic Plan for 2020 Department of Economics E. J. Ourso College of Business MISSION AND VISION The mission of the Department of Economics is to enhance the reputation of the Department, the College scholars and teachers. Our vision is to be recognized as an excellent and nationally recognized economics

  16. Min Ouyang, April. 2011 Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    Min Ouyang, April. 2011 1 Min Ouyang Department of Economics 3151 Social Science Plaza B University.D. University of Maryland at College Park, Economics, August 2005, Dissertation title "Productivity Dynamics Vincent. M.A. University of Maryland at College Park, Economics, December 2003 B.A. Beijing University

  17. WEST VIRGINIA COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    EASTERN PANHANDLE region OUTLOOK WEST VIRGINIA COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS Bureau of Business and Economic Research 2013 #12;EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Eastern Panhandle region was severely impacted by the Great Recession, experiencing a significant reduction in total economic activity, large job losses

  18. IGOR KOPYLOV Associate Professor of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    IGOR KOPYLOV Associate Professor of Economics University of California, Irvine SSPA 3177, Social · Visiting Lecturer, New Economic School, Moscow, spring 2002 EDUCATION · University of Rochester, Ph.D. in Economics, October 2003 Thesis: 'Essays on Subjective Probability, Risk, and Ambiguity', supervised by L

  19. ECONOMICS TUTORS (Updated 09/30/14)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    ECONOMICS TUTORS (Updated 09/30/14) 2014-2015 ACADEMIC YEAR This list of tutors is provided by the Economics Department for those students expressing a desire/need for tutoring. Those on the list have not been screened, but are graduate students in Economics who have indicated a willingness/ability to tutor

  20. ROBERT A. BLECKER Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lansky, Joshua

    ROBERT A. BLECKER Professor Department of Economics American University 4400 Massachusetts Ave., N://www.american.edu/cas/faculty/blecker.cfm Curriculum Vitae DATE:March 3, 2014 EMPLOYMENT (Since graduate school) Professor, Department of Economics (CLALS, 2010-present). Chair, Department of Economics, American University, Washington, DC, June 2008

  1. Economic Impact of Standard Reference Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    00-1 Planning Report Economic Impact of Standard Reference Materials for Sulfur in Fossil Fuels Administration #12;February 2000 Economic Impact of Standard Reference Materials for Sulfur in Fossil Fuels Final-006 Economic Impact of Standard Reference Materials for Sulfur in Fossil Fuels Final Report February 2000

  2. The Economics of a Technology-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    98-2 Planning Report The Economics of a Technology-Based Service Sector Prepared by: TASC, Inc. for National Institute of Standards & Technology Program Office Strategic Planning and Economic Analysis Group January 1998 U.S Department of Commerce Technology Administration #12;#12;THE ECONOMICS OF A TECHNOLOGY

  3. Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    i Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel development in Asia Pacific Christina Schott Jakarta, 2009 #12;ii Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel development in Asia Pacific Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel of many biofuels has turned out to be far from sustainable. The carbon balance often proves to be negative

  4. LAND USE CHANGE IN BRAZIL: INTEGRATING ECOLOGY, ECONOMICS AND POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .g. Hydropower) Transport (e.g. roads) Agricultural Expansion Cultivation (e.g Smallholders) Cattle Ranching

  5. Economic Incentives to Promote Innovation in Healthcare Delivery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luft, Harold S.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U E S IN ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY Economic Incentives to Promoteservice offers no economic incentives for clinicians to ef?10, October 2009 Economic Incentives Promoting Innovation

  6. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 The role of economics in lifecycle environmental impact3 Economics of biofuels: Impact on food and 3.1Agricultural & Resource Economics, UCB, page 1058, 2008. [5

  7. A study of the mechanism of laser welding defects in low thermal expansion superalloy GH909

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yan, Fei; Wang, Chunming, E-mail: yanxiangfei225@163.com; Wang, Yajun; Hu, Xiyuan; Wang, Tianjiao; Li, Jianmin; Li, Guozhu

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we describe experimental laser welding of low-thermal-expansion superalloy GH909. The main welding defects of GH909 by laser in the weld are liquation cracks and porosities, including hydrogen and carbon monoxide porosity. The forming mechanism of laser welding defects was investigated. This investigation was conducted using an optical microscope, scanning electron microscope, energy diffraction spectrum, X-ray diffractometer and other methodologies. The results demonstrated that porosities appearing in the central weld were related to incomplete removal of oxide film on the surface of the welding samples. The porosities produced by these bubbles were formed as a result of residual hydrogen or oxygenium in the weld. These elements failed to escape from the weld since laser welding has both a rapid welding speed and cooling rate. The emerging crack in the heat affected zone is a liquation crack and extends along the grain boundary as a result of composition segregation. Laves–Ni{sub 2}Ti phase with low melting point is a harmful phase, and the stress causes grain boundaries to liquefy, migrate and even crack. Removing the oxides on the surface of the samples before welding and carefully controlling technological parameters can reduce welding defects and improve formation of the GH909 alloy weld. - Highlights: ? It is a new process for the forming of GH909 alloy via laser welding. ? The forming mechanism of laser welding defects in GH909 has been studied. ? It may be a means to improve the efficiency of aircraft engine production.

  8. Energy recovery during expansion of compressed gas using power plant low-quality heat sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ochs, Thomas L. (Albany, OR); O'Connor, William K. (Lebanon, OR)

    2006-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of recovering energy from a cool compressed gas, compressed liquid, vapor, or supercritical fluid is disclosed which includes incrementally expanding the compressed gas, compressed liquid, vapor, or supercritical fluid through a plurality of expansion engines and heating the gas, vapor, compressed liquid, or supercritical fluid entering at least one of the expansion engines with a low quality heat source. Expansion engines such as turbines and multiple expansions with heating are disclosed.

  9. Incomplete beta-function expansions of the solutions to the confluent Heun equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artur Ishkhanyan

    2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Several expansions of the solutions to the confluent Heun equation in terms of incomplete Beta functions are constructed. A new type of expansion involving certain combinations of the incomplete Beta functions as expansion functions is introduced. The necessary and sufficient conditions when the derived expansions are terminated, thus generating closed-form solutions, are discussed. It is shown that termination of a Beta-function series solution always leads to a solution that is necessarily an elementary function.

  10. Rapid Estimation of Zero-Point Energies of Molecules Using Hartree-Fock Atomic Partial Adrienn Ruzsinszky, Sandor Kristyan, Jozsef L. Margitfalvi, and Gabor I. Csonka*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Csonka, Gábor István

    of the kinetic molecular theory and the principle of the equipartition of energy. A database of 61 moleculesRapid Estimation of Zero-Point Energies of Molecules Using Hartree-Fock Atomic Partial Charges of Inorganic Chemistry, Budapest UniVersity of Technology and Economics, H-1521 Budapest, Hungary, and Chemical

  11. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS The Department of Economics, The University of Winnipeg, invites applications for one

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeff

    DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS The Department of Economics, The University of Winnipeg, invites with qualifications and experience. Applicants will hold or be near completing a PhD in Economics. Preference will be given to applicants in the fields of macroeconomics, international finance, monetary economics

  12. REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARTS IN ECONOMICS Economics 1485

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARTS IN ECONOMICS Economics 1485 Notes: To ensure in economics are highly encouraged to complete Math 155 and 156. Objective 1: Communication English 101 _____ 3 English 102 _____ 3 Objective 2: Math and Science Math 126A, 126B, 126C, or 153_____ 3-4 Economics 225

  13. Asymptotic expansions in n-1 percolation critical values on the n-cube and Zn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slade, Gordon

    Hofstad Gordon Slade October 19, 2004 Abstract We use the lace expansion to prove that the critical values.4) was reported in [12], but with no rigorous bound on the remainder. We expect that the full asymptotic expansion is based on the lace expansion and follows the same general approach as that used for the connective

  14. Multipole expansion for inclusions in a lamellar phase M. S. Turner1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sens, Pierre

    Multipole expansion for inclusions in a lamellar phase M. S. Turner1,2 and P. Sens3 1 Department the ordering of nearby layers. We argue that a multipole expansion for this distortion represents a powerful a multipole expansion. We argue that this represents a powerful technique as it allows us to extract the far

  15. TRANSMISSION EXPANSION PLANNING WITH RE-DESIGN A Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    for the managing entity to change the electrical power system, adding new transmission lines and power generatorsTRANSMISSION EXPANSION PLANNING WITH RE-DESIGN A Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedure Rosa: TRANSMISSION EXPANSION PLANNING: NETWORK DESIGN: GRASP. Abstract: Transmission expansion planning with re

  16. Household operational energy consumption in urban China : a multilevel analysis on Jinan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Dong, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With decades of economic growth and socio-economic transformation, China's residential sector has seen rapid expansion in energy consumption, and is now the second largest energy consuming sector in the country. Faced with ...

  17. Economics of Current and Future Biofuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tao, L.; Aden, A.

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work presents detailed comparative analysis on the production economics of both current and future biofuels, including ethanol, biodiesel, and butanol. Our objectives include demonstrating the impact of key parameters on the overall process economics (e.g., plant capacity, raw material pricing, and yield) and comparing how next-generation technologies and fuels will differ from today's technologies. The commercialized processes and corresponding economics presented here include corn-based ethanol, sugarcane-based ethanol, and soy-based biodiesel. While actual full-scale economic data are available for these processes, they have also been modeled using detailed process simulation. For future biofuel technologies, detailed techno-economic data exist for cellulosic ethanol from both biochemical and thermochemical conversion. In addition, similar techno-economic models have been created for n-butanol production based on publicly available literature data. Key technical and economic challenges facing all of these biofuels are discussed.

  18. Reconsidering Rapid Qubit Purification by Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. M. Wiseman; J. F. Ralph

    2006-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reconsiders the claimed rapidity of a scheme for the purification of the quantum state of a qubit, proposed recently in Jacobs 2003 Phys. Rev. A67 030301(R). The qubit starts in a completely mixed state, and information is obtained by a continuous measurement. Jacobs' rapid purification protocol uses Hamiltonian feedback control to maximise the average purity of the qubit for a given time, with a factor of two increase in the purification rate over the no-feedback protocol. However, by re-examining the latter approach, we show that it mininises the average time taken for a qubit to reach a given purity. In fact, the average time taken for the no-feedback protocol beats that for Jacobs' protocol by a factor of two. We discuss how this is compatible with Jacobs' result, and the usefulness of the different approaches.

  19. On seismic signatures of rapid variation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Houdek; D. O. Gough

    2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an improved model for an asteroseismic diagnostic contained in the frequency spacing of low-degree acoustic modes. By modelling in a realistic manner regions of rapid variation of dynamically relevant quantities, which we call acoustic glitches, we can derive signatures of the gross properties of those glitches. In particular, we are interested in measuring properties that are related to the helium ionization zones and to the rapid variation in the background state associated with the lower boundary of the convective envelope. The formula for the seismic diagnostic is tested against a sequence of theoretical models of the Sun, and is compared with seismic diagnostics published previously by Monteiro & Thompson (1998, 2005) and by Basu et al. (2004).

  20. Economics of new MTBE design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Jarallah, A.M.; Lee, A.K.K.

    1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) is produced industrially by catalytic reaction between methanol and isobutene. The catalyst that is widely used is an acidic ion exchange resin. This article explores design and economics when sulfuric acid is the catalyst. The profitability of MTBE production depends mainly on the cost of butenes and methhanol. Thus, the example shows MTBE made with a catalyst of sulfuric acid was profitable at a Saudi Arabian location, even though it was not profitable at a U.S. Gulf Coast location.

  1. The Economics of Antifoulant Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegell, J. H.

    exchanger fouling is often considerable. In addition to the value of the unrecovered heat. there is a significant maintenanc~ cost associated with the disassembly and cleaning of the heat exchangers. A1so, whil e the heat recovery capabilities...) ClJ. The TFRE is a combination of the economic value of the heat lost, heat exchanger cleaning costs, production losses; and annual antifou1ant costs: TFRE = (H + E + P) N + A (1) It is a function of the time between exchanger cleanings...

  2. SRS Economic Impact Study - SRSCRO

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear Press ReleasesIn theTreatmentSRS Economic Impact Study The

  3. Local Option Municipal Economic Development Act (Nebraska)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This act gives local governments the option to provide direct and indirect assistance to business enterprises in their communities, whether for expansion of existing operations, the creation of new...

  4. On the rapid intensification of typhoons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holliday, Charles Richard

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    readings for typhoons typical of type 2 development (Virginia, . June 1957; and Anita, August 1970). Arrow indicates onset of rapid deepening (& 1. 75 mb h 1). s deep typhoons (& 920 mb) and the maximum 24-h pressure fall Central pressure fall rates... of typhoon Betty (12 August 1972) with cloudiness features south of the typhoon depicting outflow into the upper tropospheric easterli. es. 30. ITOS-1 satellite view of. typhoon Anita (20 August 1970) with cloudiress absent equatorward of the typhoon...

  5. Rapid determination of actinides in asphalt samples

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Maxwell, Sherrod L.; Culligan, Brian K.; Hutchison, Jay B.

    2014-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A new rapid method for the determination of actinides in asphalt samples has been developed that can be used in emergency response situations or for routine analysis If a radiological dispersive device (RDD), Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) or a nuclear accident such as the accident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant in March, 2011 occurs, there will be an urgent need for rapid analyses of many different environmental matrices, including asphalt materials, to support dose mitigation and environmental clean up. The new method for the determination of actinides in asphalt utilizes a rapid furnace step to destroy bitumen and organicsmore »present in the asphalt and sodium hydroxide fusion to digest the remaining sample. Sample preconcentration steps are used to collect the actinides and a new stacked TRU Resin + DGA Resin column method is employed to separate the actinide isotopes in the asphalt samples. The TRU Resin plus DGA Resin separation approach, which allows sequential separation of plutonium, uranium, americium and curium isotopes in asphalt samples, can be applied to soil samples as well.« less

  6. Rapid determination of actinides in asphalt samples

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Maxwell, Sherrod L.; Culligan, Brian K.; Hutchison, Jay B.

    2014-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A new rapid method for the determination of actinides in asphalt samples has been developed that can be used in emergency response situations or for routine analysis If a radiological dispersive device (RDD), Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) or a nuclear accident such as the accident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant in March, 2011 occurs, there will be an urgent need for rapid analyses of many different environmental matrices, including asphalt materials, to support dose mitigation and environmental clean up. The new method for the determination of actinides in asphalt utilizes a rapid furnace step to destroy bitumen and organics present in the asphalt and sodium hydroxide fusion to digest the remaining sample. Sample preconcentration steps are used to collect the actinides and a new stacked TRU Resin + DGA Resin column method is employed to separate the actinide isotopes in the asphalt samples. The TRU Resin plus DGA Resin separation approach, which allows sequential separation of plutonium, uranium, americium and curium isotopes in asphalt samples, can be applied to soil samples as well.

  7. Rapid Deployment Drilling System for on-site inspections under a Comprehensive Test Ban Preliminary Engineering Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maurer, W.C.; Deskins, W.G.; McDonald, W.J.; Cohen, J.H. [Maurer Engineering, Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Heuze, F.E.; Butler, M.W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While not a new drilling technology, coiled-tubing (CT) drilling continues to undergo rapid development and expansion, with new equipment, tools and procedures developed almost daily. This project was undertaken to: analyze available technological options for a Rapid Deployment Drilling System (RDDS) CT drilling system: recommend specific technologies that best match the requirements for the RDDS; and highlight any areas where adequate technological solutions are not currently available. Postshot drilling is a well established technique at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Drilling provides essential data on the results of underground tests including obtaining samples for the shot zone, information on cavity size, chimney dimensions, effects of the event on surrounding material, and distribution of radioactivity.

  8. Rapid Oscillatory quintessence with variable equation of state parameter in non minimal derivative coupling model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Mohseni Sadjadi

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The rapid oscillating scalar field is considered as the quintessence in the framework of nonminimal kinetic coupling model. The scalar field behaves like a perfect fluid with a variable equation of state parameter which can be expressed as a function of the Hubble parameter. This feature enables us to study its evolution via continuity equation. The scalar field may behave as dark energy in the present epoch, while it behaves like dark matter in the future. This characteristic allows the occurrence of a decelerated expansion after the present acceleration, without invoking any interaction. The model is also studied in the presence of an interaction between dark sectors alleviating the coincidence problem. The stability of the model is investigated and the stable attractor solutions are studied.

  9. Community Shared Solar: Expansions Underway in Solar America Communities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Community shared solar is expanding rapidly as a model ownership structure for solar PV. By offering customers an option to purchase or lease part of a larger solar array instead of having to purchase the entire system, the model greatly expands participatory opportunities to a large new market segment of citizens and customers, with very low or no cost to local government.

  10. Life originated during accelerating expansion in the multiverse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedro F. Gonzalez-Diaz

    2009-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    It is argued that all notions associated with the origin of life should be related with the participatory anthropic principle of Wheeler and must be extended into the realm of the multiverse. Also discussed is the notion that life can only be possible in a given universe during a finite period along which such a universe expands in an accelerated fashion. We advance finally the idea that life, cosmic accelerated expansion and quantum theory are nothing but three distinct faces from a single, unique coin which describes the physical reality.

  11. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Expansion Process Flow Diagram

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688 760,877 951,322Development & Expansion >

  12. ARM - Lesson Plans: Expansion of Population and Environment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDC documentationBarrow, Alaska Outreach HomeClimateExpansion of

  13. Tanzania Energy Development and Access Expansion Project | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to:Holdings Co08.0Information Expansion Project Jump to:

  14. Ghabezloo: Micromechanics analysis of thermal expansion and thermal pressurization of a hardened cement paste Micromechanics analysis of thermal expansion and thermal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    pore fluid is anomalously higher than the one of pure bulk water. The micromechanics model water-to-cement ratios. It permits also to calculate the pore volume thermal expansion coefficient expansion and thermal pressurization of a hardened cement paste, Cement and Concrete Research, DOI 10.1016/j

  15. Feather weights : rapid redeployable structures for interim use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willis, Robin (Robin Christian)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines vacant urban parcels that are either unviable for development or stalled as a result of the economic crisis, and asks: How is it possible to generate both economic and urban value on these sites until ...

  16. Phantom Friedmann Cosmologies and Higher-Order Characteristics of Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mariusz P. Dabrowski; Tomasz Stachowiak

    2005-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss a more general class of phantom ($p -1$) matter. We show that many types of evolution which include both Big-Bang and Big-Rip singularities are admitted and give explicit examples. Among some interesting models, there exist non-singular oscillating (or "bounce") cosmologies, which appear due to a competition between positive and negative pressure of variety of matter content. From the point of view of the current observations the most interesting cosmologies are the ones which start with a Big-Bang and terminate at a Big-Rip. A related consequence of having a possibility of two types of singularities is that there exists an unstable static universe approached by the two asymptotic models - one of them reaches Big-Bang, and another reaches Big-Rip. We also give explicit relations between density parameters $\\Omega$ and the dynamical characteristics for these generalized phantom models, including higher-order observational characteristics such as jerk and "kerk". Finally, we discuss the observational quantities such as luminosity distance, angular diameter, and source counts, both in series expansion and explicitly, for phantom models. Our series expansion formulas for the luminosity distance and the apparent magnitude go as far as to the fourth-order in redshift $z$ term, which includes explicitly not only the jerk, but also the "kerk" (or "snap") which may serve as an indicator of the curvature of the universe.

  17. Glass-ceramic hermetic seals to high thermal expansion metals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kramer, D.P.; Massey, R.T.

    1987-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for forming glass-ceramic materials from an alkaline silica-lithia glass composition comprising 60-72 mole-% SiO/sub 2/, 18-27 mole-% Li/sub 2/O, 0-5 mole-% Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/, 0-6 mole-% K/sub 2/O, 0-3 mole-% B/sub 2/O/sub 3/, and 0.5-2.5 mole-% P/sub 2/O/sub 5/, which comprises heating said glass composition at a first temperature within the 950-1050/degree/C range for 5-60 minutes, and then at a devitrification temperature within the 700-900/degree/C range for about 5-300 minutes to obtain a glass-ceramic having a thermal expansion coefficient of up to 210 x 10/sup /minus/7///degree/C. These ceramics form strong, hermetic seals with high expansion metals such as stainless steel alloys. An intermediate nucleation heating step conducted at a temperature within the range of 675-750/degree/C for 10-120 minutes may be employed between the first stage and the devitrification stage. 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  18. Multipole expansions and Fock symmetry of the Hydrogen atom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Meremianin; J-M. Rost

    2006-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The main difficulty in utilizing the O(4) symmetry of the Hydrogen atom in practical calculations is the dependence of the Fock stereographic projection on energy. This is due to the fact that the wave functions of the states with different energies are proportional to the hyperspherical harmonics (HSH) corresponding to different points on the hypersphere. Thus, the calculation of the matrix elements reduces to the problem of re-expanding HSH in terms of HSH depending on different points on the hypersphere. We solve this problem by applying the technique of multipole expansions for four-dimensional HSH. As a result, we obtain the multipole expansions whose coefficients are the matrix elements of the boost operator taken between hydrogen wave functions (i.e. hydrogen form-factors). The explicit expressions for those coefficients are derived. It is shown that the hydrogen matrix elements can be presented as derivatives of an elementary function. Such an operator representation is convenient for the derivation of recurrency relations connecting matrix elements between states corresponding to different values of the quantum numbers $n$ and $l$.

  19. Feasibility of wavelet expansion methods to treat the energy variable

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Rooijen, W. F. G. [Research Inst. of Nuclear Engineering, Univ. of Fukui, Kanawa-cho 1-2-4, 914-0055, Fukui-ken, Tsuruga-shi (Japan)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the use of the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) to implement a functional expansion of the energy variable in neutron transport. The motivation of the work is to investigate the possibility of adapting the expansion level of the neutron flux in a material region to the complexity of the cross section in that region. If such an adaptive treatment is possible, 'simple' material regions (e.g., moderator regions) require little effort, while a detailed treatment is used for 'complex' regions (e.g., fuel regions). Our investigations show that in fact adaptivity cannot be achieved. The most fundamental reason is that in a multi-region system, the energy dependence of the cross section in a material region does not imply that the neutron flux in that region has a similar energy dependence. If it is chosen to sacrifice adaptivity, then the DWT method can be very accurate, but the complexity of such a method is higher than that of an equivalent hyper-fine group calculation. The conclusion is thus that, unfortunately, the DWT approach is not very practical. (authors)

  20. Expansion joint for guideway for magnetic levitation transportation system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rossing, T.D.

    1993-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    An expansion joint that allows a guideway of a magnetic levitation transportation system to expand and contract while minimizing transients occurring in the magnetic lift and drag forces acting on a magnetic levitation vehicle traveling over the joint includes an upper cut or recess extending downwardly from the upper surface of the guideway and a non-intersecting lower cut or recess that extends upwardly from the lower surface of the guideway. The side walls of the cuts can be parallel to each other and the vertical axis of the guideway; the depth of the lower cut can be greater than the depth of the upper cut; and the overall combined lengths of the cuts can be greater than the thickness of the guideway from the upper to lower surface so that the cuts will overlap, but be spaced apart from each other. The distance between the cuts can be determined on the basis of the force transients and the mechanical behavior of the guideway. A second pair of similarly configured upper and lower cuts may be disposed in the guideway; the expansion joint may consist of two upper cuts and one lower cut; or the cuts may have non-parallel, diverging side walls so that the cuts have a substantially dove-tail shape.