Sample records for ramsey nobel laureate

  1. 2011 Nobel Laureate Saul Perlmutter on the Value of National Labs

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Perlmutter, Saul

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    2011 Nobel Laureate, Saul Perlmutter, discusses what makes Lawrence Berkeley National Lab unique, and the value of national labs in award-winning research.

  2. NERSC Played Key Role in Nobel Laureate's Discovery

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  3. ORISE: Top graduate students from U.S. convene with Nobel Laureates...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Top graduate students from U.S. convene with Nobel Laureates in Lindau, Germany FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: June 12, 2013 FY13-18 OAK RIDGE, Tenn.-Seventy-three of the top graduate...

  4. Why have there been so few female Nobel laureates in science and just

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    Why have there been so few female Nobel laureates in science ­ and just two in physics? The usual werecausedbyoxidationatthetipsof thecarbonanodes.Shetookoutmany patents for searchlights and cinema projectors, and in 1902 be secondary." She ended up abandoning science. But being single did not make the life of the female scientist

  5. Nobel Laureate speaks on antibiotics and drug resistance | ornl.gov

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  6. NERSC Played Key Role in Nobel Laureates Discovery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  7. Berkeley Lab Nobel Laureates

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  8. 2008 NOBEL LAUREATES The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Guy

    Nationality: Japanese citizen Current position: Professor Emeritus, Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), Woods the GFP gene from Douglas Prasher, and Chalfie's PhD student Ghia Euskirchen expresses it in Escherichia coli ­ the bacteria glow green in UV light without the addition of any other factors Osamu Shimomura

  9. NERSC Played Key Role in Nobel Laureate's Discovery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    earlier images using "subtraction" software. By 1994 the SCP team could discover supernovae "on demand," and Perlmutter realized he would soon need more computing power to...

  10. Secretary of Energy Chu Congratulates 2011 Chemistry Nobel Laureate |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  11. DOE Research and Development Accomplishments Alfred Nobel Laureates

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  12. Nobel Laureate launches Wigner Distinguished Lecture Series | ornl.gov

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  13. Statement of Secretary Steven Chu on the Nobel Laureate Symposium |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

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  14. Statement of Secretary Steven Chu on the Nobel Laureate Symposium |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  15. Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How DOE Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Perlmutter, Saul

    2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) hosted an event Friday, January 13, with 2011 Physics Nobel Laureate Saul Perlmutter. Dr. Perlmutter, a physicist at the Department?s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and a professor of physics at the University of California at Berkeley, won the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics ?for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae.? DOE?s Office of Science has supported Dr. Perlmutter?s research at Berkeley Lab since 1983. After the introduction from Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, Dr. Perlmutter delivered a presentation entitled "Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How DOE Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize." [Copied with editing from DOE Media Advisory issued January 10th, found at http://energy.gov/articles/energy-department-host-event-2011-physics-nobel-laureate-saul-perlmutter

  16. Nobel Lecture Series Videos Now Available Online

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  17. Nobel Prize winner cites progress with more minorities in science |

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  18. Demotion of Mathematics Meets Groundswell of Protest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norman Ramsey, Nobel Laureate in physics, remarked on being told of the ... students; both graduate and advanced undergraduate physics students need to take ... that your programs in sciences and engineering will suffer a marked decline.

  19. In the summer of 1983, Nobel Laureate Hans Bethe, famous for his

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    working relationships with some of the In the high and dry desert of northern New Mexico--7,500 feet above driver of energy policy. If it weren't for the spectre of climate change, the U.S. could burn coal

  20. he late Nobel laureate Richard Smalley often said that "energy is the single greatest chal-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the conversion of coal into methane gas, and the use of less readily available oil reservoirs and oil shale

  1. &'() *+& ,-$./01.2"34/%567.!"% Nobel Laureates Beijing Forum 2007 Opened

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zare, Richard N.

    suggest promoting clean cars, such as electric cars and hydrogen energy cars. Meanwhile the emission

  2. Energy Department to Host Event With 2011 Physics Nobel Laureate Saul

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  3. DOE Nobel Laureates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

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  4. ORISE: Top graduate students from U.S. convene with Nobel Laureates in

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  5. Q&A with Nobel Laureate Burton Richter | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  6. Generalized Hyper-Ramsey Resonance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanon-Willette, T; Taichenachev, A V

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive an exact generalization of the Ramsey transition probability to improve ultra-high precision measurement and quantum state engineering when a particle is subjected to controllable separated oscillating fields. The phase-shift accumulated at the end of the interrogation scheme and associated to the particle wave-function is offering a very high-level control of quantum states in various laser parameters conditions. The Generalized Hyper-Ramsey Resonance based on independent manipulation of interaction time, field amplitude and frequency detuning is presented to increase performances in the next generation of atomic, molecular and nuclear clocks, to upgrade high resolution frequency measurement in Penning trap mass spectrometry, for a better control of light induced frequency shifts in matter wave interferometer and quantum information processing.

  7. Nobel Lecture Series Videos Now Available Online

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lecture Series Videos Now Available Online Nobel Lecture Videos Now Available Online May 29, 2014 by Kathy Kincade (0 Comments) Three of the NERSC Nobel Lecture Series videos --...

  8. Beverly Ramsey | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  9. Ramsey Theory on the Integers covers a variety of topics from the field of Ramsey theory, limiting its focus to the set of integers an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landman, Bruce M.

    Preface Ramsey Theory on the Integers covers a variety of topics from the field of Ramsey theory- larly "Erdos-type" problems. Many results in Ramsey theory sound rather complicated and can be hard of integers, the situation is much simpler. The student need not be intimidated by the words "Ramsey theory

  10. Dr. Perlmutter on his Nobel Prize-Winning Discovery

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dr. Saul Perlmutter presents, “Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How the Energy Department Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize.”

  11. A Livestream with our Latest Nobel Prize Winner

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dr. Perlmutter presents, “Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How the Energy Department Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize.”

  12. NERSC Sponsors Lunchtime Nobel Keynote Lecture Series

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  13. Energy-Department Supported Scientist Receives Nobel Prize for...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to receive the Nobel Prize in Physics for their invention of the blue light emitting diode, a game-changer in the history of LED lights. | Photo courtesy of Soraa. Shuji...

  14. APS Lights the Way to 2012 Chemistry Nobel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed APS Lights the Way to 2012 Chemistry Nobel OCTOBER 15, 2012 Bookmark and Share Brian Kobilka....

  15. Secretary Chu Statement on Stockholm Nobel Prize Events, Winners...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu, who is a co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics (1997), was in Stockholm over the past several days representing the United States as two...

  16. Ramsey County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  17. Ramsey, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: RaghurajiRamgraberRamsey, New Jersey:

  18. ICS Symposium in honor of the 2012 Wolf Prize laureates A. Paul Alivisatos and Charles M. Lieber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Joan

    ICS Symposium in honor of the 2012 Wolf Prize laureates A. Paul Alivisatos and Charles M. Lieber. Eran Rabani, Tel Aviv University | Paul Alivisatos | | Fernando Patolsky | | Ernesto Joselevich Ori Cheshnovski, Tel Aviv University 9:45-10:35 Prof. A. Paul Alivisatos, Department of Chemistry

  19. HISTORY Nobel physicist talks plants with a waiter, then

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoekstra, Hopi E.

    that renewable energies are problem-free p.168 AGEING Atul Gawande's call to action on end-of-life medical care pHISTORY Nobel physicist talks plants with a waiter, then what? p.168 ENERGY Don't assume. Hoekstraandcolleagues. I n October 1881, just six months before he died, Charles Darwin published his final book

  20. On Optimal Sequential Prediction for General Processes Andrew B. Nobel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nobel, Andrew

    -stationary processes under p-th power loss p(u, v) = |u-v|p , 1 'th power loss. Andrew Nobel is with the Department of Statistics, University of North Carolina, Chapel'th power loss of the form p(u, v) = |u - v|p, with 1

  1. Pat Thiel talks about attending the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Thiel, Pat

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pat Thiel, Ames Laboratory senior scientist and Iowa State University Distinguished Professor of Chemistry, was invited to be a guest at the ceremony on December 10th, in Stockholm, Sweden, where Danny Shechtman, Ames Laboratory scientist, received the 2011 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Following her return to the Lab, Thiel shared some of her recollections of the momentous event.

  2. Exploring Ramsey-coherent population trapping atomic clock realized with pulsed microwave modulated laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Jing; Yun, Peter [Key Laboratory of Atomic Frequency Standards, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071 (China); Tian, Yuan; Tan, Bozhong [Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Gu, Sihong, E-mail: shgu@wipm.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Atomic Frequency Standards, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071 (China); Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

    2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A scheme for a Ramsey-coherent population trapping (CPT) atomic clock that eliminates the acousto-optic modulator (AOM) is proposed and experimentally studied. Driven by a periodically microwave modulated current, the vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser emits a continuous beam that switches between monochromatic and multichromatic modes. Ramsey-CPT interference has been studied with this mode-switching beam. In eliminating the AOM, which is used to generate pulsed laser in conventional Ramsey-CPT atomic clock, the physics package of the proposed scheme is virtually the same as that of a conventional compact CPT atomic clock, although the resource budget for the electronics will slightly increase as a microwave switch should be added. By evaluating and comparing experimentally recorded signals from the two Ramsey-CPT schemes, the short-term frequency stability of the proposed scheme was found to be 46% better than the scheme with AOM. The experimental results suggest that the implementation of a compact Ramsey-CPT atomic clock promises better frequency stability.

  3. R&D Accomplishments Database

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    recent accomplishments, including the latest Nobel Laureates associated with DOE. Database * Selected documents about noted accomplishments * Documents and individual pages...

  4. Party Problems and Ramsey Theory 1 Problems Pertaining to People at Parties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Do, Norman

    that parties with enough people do possess this property. How many people do you need at a party to guarantee many people do you need at a party to guarantee that there are m people all of whom know each otherNorman Do Party Problems and Ramsey Theory 1 Problems Pertaining to People at Parties Suppose

  5. National Lab Scientists Win Nobel Recognition | Department of Energy

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  6. PRECISION IN COLLISION DISSECTING THE STANDARD MODEL In a 1963 lecture on the makings of a good scienti c theory, Nobel Laure-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    scienti c theory, Nobel Laure- ate Richard Feynman compared Newton's law of gravitation to a hypotheti

  7. Ramsey's Method of Separated Oscillating Fields and its Application to Gravitationally Induced Quantum Phaseshifts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Abele; T. Jenke; H. Leeb; J. Schmiedmayer

    2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose to apply Ramsey's method of separated oscillating fields to the spectroscopy of the quantum states in the gravity potential above a vertical mirror. This method allows a precise measurement of quantum mechanical phaseshifts of a Schr\\"odinger wave packet bouncing off a hard surface in the gravitational field of the earth. Measurements with ultra-cold neutrons will offer a sensitivity to Newton's law or hypothetical short-ranged interactions, which is about 21 orders of magnitude below the energy scale of electromagnetism.

  8. Bodo Ziegler VERA seminar Wien 27.10.2011 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics: Supernovae explosions and the Accelerating Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziegler, Bodo Leonhardt

    and the Accelerating Universe Bodo Ziegler Nobel Prize for Physics 2011 Institute for Astronomy University of Vienna Nobel Prize in Physics: Supernovae explosions and the Accelerating Universe For the discovery Prize in Physics: Supernovae explosions and the Accelerating Universe Overview Basic Cosmology Stellar

  9. Quantum-projection-noise-limited interferometry with coherent atoms in a Ramsey-type setup

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doering, D.; McDonald, G.; Debs, J. E.; Figl, C.; Altin, P. A.; Bachor, H.-A.; Robins, N. P.; Close, J. D. [Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Quantum-Atom Optics, Australian National University, Canberra, 0200 (Australia); Department of Quantum Science, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, 0200 (Australia)

    2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Every measurement of the population in an uncorrelated ensemble of two-level systems is limited by what is known as the quantum projection noise limit. Here, we present quantum-projection-noise-limited performance of a Ramsey-type interferometer using freely propagating coherent atoms. The experimental setup is based on an electro-optic modulator in an inherently stable Sagnac interferometer, optically coupling the two interfering atomic states via a two-photon Raman transition. Going beyond the quantum projection noise limit requires the use of reduced quantum uncertainty (squeezed) states. The experiment described demonstrates atom interferometry at the fundamental noise level and allows the observation of possible squeezing effects in an atom laser, potentially leading to improved sensitivity in atom interferometers.

  10. SouthacceSSrd. LAUREATE BLVD.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    417 EXIT 19 EXIT 19 OrlandO InTErnaTIOnal aIrpOrT (MCO) TO UCF MaIn CaMpUS Nemours Children's Hospital

  11. Advice for the New Molecular Biologist | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of U.S. 25,000, and be invited to an award ceremony in December 2011 in Stockholm, Sweden to receive their prize and to meet with the current Nobel laureates. One of the...

  12. Seating in Fermilab's, Ramsey Auditorium

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  13. Physics Meets Biology (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chu, Steve [Director, LBNL

    2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Summer Lecture Series 2006: If scientists could take advantage of the awesomely complex and beautiful functioning of biologys natural molecular machines, their potential for application in many disciplines would be incalculable. Nobel Laureate and Director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Steve Chu explores Possible solutions to global warming and its consequences.

  14. 4/11/12 1:50 PMNobel Prizes: Year In Review 2010 --Britannica Online Encyclopedia Page 1 of 1http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1719562/Nobel-Prizes-Year...-Review-2010/296811/Prize-for-Chemistry?sections=296811&view=print

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    4/11/12 1:50 PMNobel Prizes: Year In Review 2010 -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia Page 1 of 1http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1719562/Nobel-Prizes-Year...-Review-2010/296811/Prize-for-Chemistry?sections=296811&view=print Prize

  15. What You Missed: Tuesday Talk on The National Medals Laureates...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Director of Digital Content for the White House. Addthis Related Articles Edison vs. Tesla: The Battle of the Energy Inventors Energy Secretary Moniz Announces 2013 Ernest...

  16. TED KOOSER U.S. POET LAUREATE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKALINCOLN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logan, David

    materials, all delivered with very high production values, trumpeted the hands-on nature of the education;INSIDE COLUMNS 3 Professors Find Citizens Prefer "Stealth Democracy" Americans aren't nearly as attracted

  17. Award Laureates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

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  18. Award Laureates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

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  19. Small Ramsey Numbers Stanislaw P. Radziszowski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    , March 25 ElJC revision #3 1997, July 11 ElJC revision #4 1998, July 9 ElJC revision #5 1999, July 5 El of Technology Rochester, NY 14623, spr@cs.rit.edu http://www.cs.rit.edu/~spr Submitted: June 11, 1994; Revision Subject Number 05C55 Revisions 1993, February preliminary version, RIT-TR-93-009 [Ra2] 1994, July 3 first

  20. J. Michael Ramsey | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is Your Home as Ready for Summer as You

  1. LANL: AOT & LANSCE The Pulse April 2011

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Desk 3 lANsCe Former stuDeNt seleCteD to AtteND 61st liNDAu Nobel lAureAtes meetiNg iN germANy experimeNts At the NuCleAr sCieNCe leAD slowiNg-DowN speCtrometer 4 NeutroN...

  2. The Energy Problem: What the Helios Project Can Do About it (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chu, Steven

    2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy problem is one of the most important issues that science and technology has to solve. Nobel laureate and Berkeley Lab Director Steven Chu proposes an aggressive research program to transform the existing and future energy systems of the world away from technologies that emit greenhouse gases. Berkeley Lab's Helios Project concentrates on renewable fuels, such as biofuels, and solar technologies, including a new generation of solar photovoltaic cells and the conversion of electricity into chemical storage to meet future demand.

  3. Nobel de Fsica de Bose-Einstein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toral, Raúl

    ocu- pada, no se conforma y en vez de 2 INVESTIGACIÃ?N Y CIENCIA, noviembre, 2001 CIENCIA Y SOCIEDAD

  4. Cook Wins "Nobel of Ag" Happy Anniversary,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    as a truly historic day. As Cougs and sup- porters gathered at locations around the state--including our

  5. NERSC Sponsors Lunchtime Nobel Keynote Lecture Series

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Panel on Climate Change "The Brief History and Future Development of Earth System Models: Resolution and Complexity" Berkeley Lab, Bldg. 66 auditorium, 12 noon to 1:30...

  6. Small Ramsey Numbers Stanisl/aw P. Radziszowski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    , March 25 ElJC revision #3 1997, July 11 ElJC revision #4 1998, July 9 ElJC revision #5 1999, July 5 El of Technology Rochester, NY 14623, spr@cs.rit.edu http://www.cs.rit.edu/~spr Submitted: June 11, 1994; Revision Subject Number 05C55 Revisions 1993, February preliminary version, RIT­TR­93­009 [Ra2] 1994, July 3 first

  7. A Simple Proof of the Ramsey Savings Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Hodiri, Mohamed

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    have: d U’=U’L,dt dd--(U’fa V’) O, B- U+ V-eU’-a(U’f,,- V’) O. U’f.- V’=0. * Received by the editors, April 15, 1976. " Department of Economics, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045. The purpose of this note is purely pedantic since it reveals...

  8. MHK Projects/Ramsey Sound | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther, Oklahoma:Energy Information BasinRiver571°,NULL

  9. Norman Ramsey and the Separated Oscillatory Fields Method

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparencyDOE Project Taps HPCNew4OrganicNontoxic quantum

  10. Hyperspectral Imaging At Yellowstone Region (Hellman & Ramsey, 2004) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtel JumpCounty, Texas: EnergyHy9Moat of Long| Open Energy

  11. Multispectral Imaging At Yellowstone Region (Hellman & Ramsey, 2004) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill,SpurrMulberry,EnergyEnergy Information

  12. Ramsey County, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: RaghurajiRamgraber

  13. Geodetic Survey At Yellowstone Region (Hellman & Ramsey, 2004) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park,2005) | Open Energy Information Geodetic Survey

  14. What You Missed: Tuesday Talk on The National Medals Laureates of Science, Technology and Innovation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Watch the White House chat with award recipients Steven Sasson, the inventor of the digital camera; Marye Anne Fox, a pioneer in organic photochemistry and electrochemistry; and Warren Washington, a leader in climate change research.

  15. Interview of Vittorio Luzzati

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luzzati, Vittorio

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vittorio Luzzati interviewed by Alan Macfarlane 18th September 2009?   0:09:07 Born in Genoa, Italy, 1923; family belonged to the Jewish tribe from Piedmont, a small group of perhaps 2000 people, some remarkably distinguished (three... of them are Nobel laureates); in my own family there is nothing remarkable; my grandfather was born around 1865 in a Ghetto of a small town in the Papal State where Jews were still restricted to live; only in 1870, when Rome was taken over by the nascent...

  16. Noise Results on C-Mod

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337,2AprilBig EddyNobel Laureate speaks07/2007

  17. Nominations Open for 2013 NERSC HPC Achievement Awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337,2AprilBig EddyNobel Laureate speaks07/2007

  18. Non-Cost Barriers to Consumer Adoption of New Light-Duty Vehicle Technologies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337,2AprilBig EddyNobel Laureate

  19. Non-Cross-Linked Gel Polymer Electrolytes for Lithium Ion Batteries -

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337,2AprilBig EddyNobel LaureateEnergy Innovation

  20. Non-Invasive Energy Meter - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337,2AprilBig EddyNobel LaureateEnergy

  1. Non-Noble Metal Water Electrolysis Catalysts - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337,2AprilBig EddyNobel LaureateEnergyNon-Noble

  2. Non-Thermal Treatment of Hanford Site Low-Level Mixed Waste

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337,2AprilBig EddyNobel LaureateEnergyNon-Noble89

  3. Awards, Prestigious, past-honorees.doc NOBEL PRIZES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for determining molecular structure that has grown into neutron scattering research. Shull left ORNL" at ORNL and conducted neutron scattering experiments at the HFIR in the early 1980s. Reference - Ed) in the Solid State Division. He lead development of the biological neutron scattering effort originally founded

  4. Colloquium Nobel Celebration : Lederman, L, Schwartz, M and Steinberger, J

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Le DG H.Schopper félicite Mel Schwarz, Leon Ledermann et Jack Steinberger pour leurs haute distinction. Les trois "lauréats" prennent ainsi la parole.

  5. Engineering Nuclear spin has now been associated with Nobel Prizes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbon Capture and Sequestration (with Berend Smit, Curt Oldenburg, Ian Bourg, World Scientific Press

  6. artificial nobel gas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Global Optimization (Stochastic Approaches ). Carlos Fernandes 2005-03-02 482 Dynamics of artificial spin ice: a continuous honeycomb network MIT - DSpace Summary: We model the...

  7. NERSC User Martin Karplus Wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9, 2013 | Tags: Awards, Biological and Environmental Research (BER), Chemistry, Computer Science Contact: Linda Vu, +1 510 495 2402, lvu@lbl.gov Karplus605v1.jpg Martin Karplus...

  8. Englert and Higgs are awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwarzschild, Bertram M.

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The prize comes in the wake of the much anticipated discovery of the spinless fundamental particle their theoretical work predicted half a century ago.

  9. DOE Research and Development Accomplishments Nobel Chemists Associated with

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management Fermi SitePART I SECTIONPlasmaDatabase Help The DOE DNAthe

  10. DOE Research and Development Accomplishments Nobel Physicists Associated

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management Fermi SitePART I SECTIONPlasmaDatabase Help The DOE

  11. DOE Research and Development Accomplishments Nobels in Medicine Associated

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management Fermi SitePART I SECTIONPlasmaDatabase Help The DOEwith

  12. Secretary of Energy Chu Congratulates 2012 Chemistry and Physics Nobel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015ParentsMiddle| Department ofReliability | Department

  13. Nobel Keynote Lecture Series May 20 - June 11

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337,2AprilBig Eddy ArcheologicalCentralbucket

  14. Nobel Prizes | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurTheBrookhaven National LaboratoryJeffreyMs. Linda CerroneNamingNew »

  15. National Lab Scientists Win Nobel Recognition | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIRE BUILDSEnergy 1Department of Energy Day: How

  16. NERSC User Martin Karplus Wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1AllocationsNOVAPlayed Key RoleHome » News &

  17. Special lecture in memory of Glenn Theodore Seaborg (19 April 1912 - 25 February 1999) Glenn T. Seaborg's multi-faceted career

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, Darleane C.

    2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Glenn Theodore Seaborg (1912-1999) was a world-renowned nuclear chemist, a Nobel Laureate in chemistry in 1951, co-discoverer of plutonium and nine other transuranium elements, Chairman of the US Atomic Energy Commission from 1961-71, scientific advisor to ten US presidents, active in national and international professional societies, an advocate for nuclear power as well as for a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty, a prolific writer, an avid hiker, environmentalist, and sports enthusiast. He was known and esteemed not only by chemists and other scientists throughout the world, but also by lay people, politicians, statesmen, and students of all ages. This memorial includes a brief glimpse of Glenn Seaborg's early life and education, describes some of his major contributions to nuclear science over his long and fruitful career, and highlights his profound influence on nuclear science, both in the US and in the international community.

  18. Ramsey Pricing in a Congested Network with Market Power in Generation: A Numerical Illustration for Belgium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pepermans, Guido; Willems, Bert

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    request. Geertruidenberg Borssele Zandvliet Doel 1 MercatorMaasbracht Geertruidenberg Borssele TOTAL France Node Avelin

  19. Soil Sampling At Yellowstone Region (Hellman & Ramsey, 2004) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, New York:SiG26588°,Socorro

  20. Norman F. Ramsey, Jr., 1960 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337,2AprilBigto LithiumGMS-5

  1. Thermal And-Or Near Infrared At Yellowstone Region (Hellman & Ramsey, 2004)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolarTharaldson Ethanol LLC JumpWoodlands,Energy Information|

  2. Rock Sampling At Yellowstone Region (Hellman & Ramsey, 2004) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation,MazeOhio:Ohio: Energy ResourcesRockInformation

  3. Nobel Peace Prize Awarded to IAEA and Director General The Nobel Peace Prize for 2005 has been awarded to the International Atomic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pesic, Batric

    to date have been limited, but thus far globalization has had a limited impact on the U.S. economy the Committee on Globalization of Materials Research and Development in December 2003 to assess the status and potential impact of global- ization on the U.S. materials science and engineering R&D enterprise. Materials

  4. Robert Andrews Millikan was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1923, in large

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Jont

    or oil. Fletcher immediately got a crude apparatus working, using tiny droplets of watch oil made that evaporated more slowly. Millikan assigned Fletcher the job of de- vising a way to use mercury or glycerin. Through the eye- piece he saw the oil droplets dancing around-- Brownian motion, caused by impacts

  5. Nambu's Nobel Prize, the $?$ meson and the mass of visible matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Schumacher

    2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The electroweak Higgs boson has been discovered in ongoing experiments at the LHC, leading to a mass of this particle of 126 GeV. This Higgs boson mediates the generation of mass for elementary particles, including the mass of elementary (current) quarks. These current-quark masses leave 98% of the mass of the atom unexplained. This large fraction is mediated by strong interaction, where instead of the Higgs boson the $\\sigma$ meson is the mediating particle. Though already discovered in 1957 by Schwinger, the $\\sigma$ meson has been integrated out in many theories of hadron properties because it had not been observed and was doubted to exist. With the observation of the $\\sigma$ meson in recent experiments on Compton scattering by the nucleon at MAMI (Mainz) it has become timely to review the status of experimental and theoretical researches on this topic.

  6. NERSC Marks 40th Anniversary with Series of Lectures on Nobel...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1998. View his May 20, 2014 talk. "The Brief History and Future Development of Earth System Models: Resolution and Complexity" by Warren Washington, a senior scientist at the...

  7. DOE Scientists Contribute to 2007 Nobel Peace Prize Research about Climate

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management Fermi SitePARTOffice of ScientificEnergy, OfficeChange

  8. Secretary Chu Congratulates DOE-Supported Researcher on 2011 Nobel Prize in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  9. Secretary Chu Statement on Stockholm Nobel Prize Events, Winners from DOE

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015ParentsMiddle SchoolPhysics | DepartmentRecovery

  10. 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem Not Found Item Not Found The item youTheWSRC-TR-97-0100WHITE. ., .10MW

  11. DOE-Supported Physicists are Co-Winners of 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem Not Found Item Not Found The itemAIR57451 Clean Energy5655994DP-1513 . D i i

  12. Department of Energy - Nobel Prize in Chemistry News Release 10/5/2005

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem Not Found Item Not Found The itemAIR57451 CleanFOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE April 13, FOR

  13. DOE-Supported Researcher Is Co-Winner of 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No Significant6-2002 October5-99 FebruaryThreeCO2|Department of

  14. Secretary Chu Statement on Stockholm Nobel Prize Events, Winners from DOE

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »Usage »DownloadSolarSequestrationof the Americas

  15. DOE-Supported Researchers Are Co-Winners of 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0and Transparency,8-9612-985-2007 DOE-STD-3025-2007Department of Energy

  16. DOE-Supported Researcher Is Co-Winner of 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITION OF CALCIUMCOSTDOENuclear1 of

  17. DOE-Supported Researchers Are Co-Winners of 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITION OF CALCIUMCOSTDOENuclear1 ofDOE Office of Science

  18. LBNL Scientist Shares 2011 Physics Nobel Prize | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurTheBrookhaven NationalRegionalsResearchIdahoKansas Regions(SC) LBNL Scientist

  19. Energy-Department Supported Scientist Receives Nobel Prize for Blue Light

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisoryStandard |inHVAC |Department of

  20. DOE-Supported Researcher Is Co-Winner of 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015 Business42.1 DEPARTMENTSeptember 27, 2012AprilNovemberDepartmentDepartment of

  1. ASCR News Nobel Prize Winner | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4(SC)PrincipalStaffTheofanis G.FacilitiesX14 SciDAC 2 Advanced2007

  2. NERSC Marks 40th Anniversary with Series of Lectures on Nobel Prize-Winning

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1AllocationsNOVA Portal:Ott2006.jpg

  3. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 22 DECEMBER 2013 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2807 Ramsey-comb spectroscopy with intense

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    in the following. Traditionally, excitation of atoms or molecules with two short and phase-coherent laser pulses combs based on mode-locked lasers have revolutionized the field of metrology and precision spec pulses could be amplified, and phase shift effects during the amplification process compromised

  4. DETEW!INATION OF THE NEUTRON MAGNETIC FlONENT G.L. Greene and N.F. Ramsey

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITION OF CALCIUM SULFATE: A REVIEW OF THEDETEW!INATION OF THE

  5. PhMe, 150 C, 16 h sealed tube under air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoltz, Brian M.

    147 Noyes, 8:00 pm RNA Interference RNA Interference 2006 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine ·Nobel

  6. THE MAGAZINE OF THE UK COLLEGE OF ARTS&SCIENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    . Allen COVER PHOTO: Jane Vance, Kentucky Poet Laureate and English professor, on her farm in Central community 20 A Poet and a Teacher Jane Gentry Vance combines the roles of Poet Laureate and college

  7. Big Think | Get to Know! Welcome to Big Think! Sign Up Log In

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freire, Juliana

    Richard Armitage Former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Billy Collins Poet; Former U.S. Poet Laureate

  8. W.E. Henry Symposium compendium: The importance of magnetism in physics and material science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carwell, H.

    1997-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This compendium contains papers presented at the W. E. Henry Symposium, The Importance of Magnetism in Physics and Material Science. The one-day symposium was conducted to recognize the achievements of Dr. Warren Elliot Henry as educator, scientist, and inventor in a career spanning almost 70 years. Dr. Henry, who is 88 years old, attended the symposium. Nobel Laureate, Dr. Glenn Seaborg, a friend and colleague for over 40 years, attended the event and shared his personal reminiscences. Dr. Seaborg is Associate Director-At-Large at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The Compendium begins with three papers which demonstrate the ongoing importance of magnetism in physics and material science. Other contributions cover the highlights of Dr. Henry`s career as a researcher, educator, and inventor. Colleagues and former students share insights on the impact of Dr. Henry`s research in the field of magnetism, low temperature physics, and solid state physics; his influence on students as an educator; and his character, intellect and ingenuity, and passion for learning and teaching. They share a glimpse of the environment and times that molded him as a man, and the circumstances under which he made his great achievements despite the many challenges he faced.

  9. Resonant ultrasound spectroscopy and non-destructive testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Migliori, A.; Darling, T.W.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of mechanical resonances to test properties of materials is perhaps older than the industrial revolution. Early documented cases of British railroad engineers tapping the wheels of a train and using the sound to detect cracks perhaps mark the first real use of resonances to test the integrity of high-performance alloys. Attempts were made in the following years to understand the resonances of solids mathematically, based on the shape and composition. But Nobel Laureate Lord Rayleigh best summarized the state of affairs in 1894, stating {open_quotes}the problem has, for the most part, resisted attack{close_quotes}. More recently, modern computers and electronics have enabled Anderson and co-workers with their work on minerals, and our work at Los Alamos on new materials and manufactured components to advance the use of resonances to a precision non-destructive testing tool that makes anisotropic modulus measurements, defect detection and geometry error detection routine. The result is that resonances can achieve the highest absolute accuracy for any dynamic modulus measurement technique, can be used on the smallest samples, and can also enable detection of errors in certain classes of precision manufactured components faster and more accurately than any other technique.

  10. Big Bang Day : The Great Big Particle Adventure - 2. Who Ordered That?

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this series, comedian and physicist Ben Miller asks the CERN scientists what they hope to find. The atoms that make up our material world are important to us, but it turns out they aren't so significant on the cosmic stage. In fact early in the search for the stuff of atoms, researchers discovered particles that played no part in Earthly chemistry - for example particles in cosmic rays that resemble electrons (the stuff of electricity and the chemical glue in molecules) in almost all respects except that they weigh 140 times more. "Who ordered that?" one Nobel laureate demanded. They also discovered antimatter - the destructive mirror-image particles at obliterate all matter they come into contact with. In fact, the Universe is mostly made up of particles that could never make atoms, so that we are just the flotsam of the cosmos. But the main constituent of the Universe, what makes 80% of creation, has never been seen in the lab. Researchers at CERN believe they can create samples of it, down here on Earth.

  11. From the Proton Synchroton to the Large Hadron Collider - 50 Years of Nobel Memories in High-Energy Physics

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The seminars will be held in the Main Auditorium with transmission to : Council Chamber, IT Auditorium, Prévessin BE Auditorium , Kjell Johnssen Auditorium in Building 30, Room 40-S2-A01, and via webcast. Confirmed Speakers include: Prof. Jack Steinberger, Dr. Guenther Plass, Prof. Emilio Picasso, Dr. Steve Myers, Prof. Carlo Rubbia, Prof. Burton Richter, Dr. Lyndon Evans, Prof. Rolf-Dieter Heuer, Prof. Leon Lederman, Prof. Jim Cronin, Prof. Sheldon Glashow, Prof. Jerome Friedman, Prof. Frank Wilczek, Prof. Martinus Veltman, Prof. Gerardus 't Hooft, Prof. David Gross, Prof. Samuel Ting, Prof. Steven Weinberg (via teleconference) --- Contact: Directorate.Office@cern.ch

  12. China’s Talent Recruitment Programs: The Road to a Nobel Prize and World Hegemony in Science?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SALVINO, Liming

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDY OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA RESEARCH BRIEFThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is afor science, technology, and innovation are contributions

  13. DOE-Supported Researcher Is Co-Winner of 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics | U.S.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITION OF CALCIUMCOSTDOENuclear1 ofDOE Office of Science (SC)

  14. DOE-Supported Researcher Is Co-Winner of 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics | U.S.

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4(SC) MappingOctober 12, 2004 DOE-Funded Research Projects WinDOE

  15. USING TERRESTRIAL MULTISPECTRAL IMAGES AS A PROXY FOR CONSTRAINING NEW THERMAL INFRARED DATA OF MARS. Michael S. Ramsey, Department of Geology and Planetary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, Michael

    in extraction of mineral end-members on the surface. Much of the accuracy and confidence in such an approach Spectrometer (TES) instrument thus far has revealed only a few minerals [1,2]. However, with a thirty the potential of mapping very small regions. The author has shown that distinct minerals comprising only 5

  16. Public Health Assessment Gopher State Ethanol, City of St. Paul

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    Public Health Assessment Gopher State Ethanol, City of St. Paul Ramsey County, Minnesota September with the Gopher State Ethanol, St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota. It is based on a formal site evaluation....................................................................................................................... 3 Ethanol Production

  17. MOA - The Magnetic Field Amplified Thruster, a Novel Concept for a Pulsed Plasma Accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frischauf, Norbert; Hettmer, Manfred; Grassauer, Andreas; Bartusch, Tobias [QASAR Technologie(s) GmbH, Richard-Strauss-Strasse 12, A-1230, Vienna (Austria); Koudelka, Otto [Institute of Communication Networks and Satellite Communication, Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 12/I, A-8010 Graz (Austria)

    2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    More than 60 years after the later Nobel laureate Hannes Alfven had published a letter stating that oscillating magnetic fields can accelerate ionised matter via magneto-hydrodynamic interactions in a wave like fashion, the technical implementation of Alfven waves for propulsive purposes has been proposed, patented and examined for the first time by a group of inventors. The name of the concept is MOA - Magnetic field Oscillating Amplified thruster. Based on computer simulations, MOA is a highly flexible propulsion system, whose performance parameters might easily be adapted, by changing the mass flow and/or the power level. As such the system is capable to deliver a maximum specific impulse of 13116 s (12.87 mN) at a power level of 11.16 kW, using Xe as propellant, but can also be attuned to provide a thrust of 236.5 mN (2411 s) at 6.15 kW of power. While space propulsion is expected to be the prime application for MOA and is supported by numerous applications such as Solar and/or Nuclear Electric Propulsion or even as an 'afterburner system' for Nuclear Thermal Propulsion, other terrestrial applications can be thought of as well, making the system highly suited for a common space-terrestrial application research and utilisation strategy. This paper presents the recent developments of the MOA Thruster R and D activities at QASAR (www.qasar.at), the company in Vienna, which has been set up to further develop and test the Alfven wave technology and its applications.

  18. MOA: Magnetic Field Oscillating Amplified Thruster and its Application for Nuclear Electric and Thermal Propulsion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frischauf, Norbert [QASAR Technologie(s) GmbH, Johann Gottekgasse 39, A-1230, Vienna (Austria); Hettmer, Manfred; Grassauer, Andreas; Bartusch, Tobias [QASAR Technologie(s) GmbH, Johann Gottekgasse 39, A-1230, Vienna (Austria); Koudelka, Otto [Institute of Communication Networks and Satellite Communication, Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 12/I, A-8010 Graz (Austria)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    More than 60 years after the later Nobel laureate Hannes Alfven had published a letter stating that oscillating magnetic fields can accelerate ionised matter via magneto-hydrodynamic interactions in a wave like fashion, the technical implementation of Alfven waves for propulsive purposes has been proposed, patented and examined for the first time by a group of inventors. The name of the concept, utilising Alfven waves to accelerate ionised matter for propulsive purposes, is MOA - Magnetic field Oscillating Amplified thruster. Alfven waves are generated by making use of two coils, one being permanently powered and serving also as magnetic nozzle, the other one being switched on and off in a cyclic way, deforming the field lines of the overall system. It is this deformation that generates Alfven waves, which are in the next step used to transport and compress the propulsive medium, in theory leading to a propulsion system with a much higher performance than any other electric propulsion system. Based on computer simulations, which were conducted to get a first estimate on the performance of the system, MOA is a highly flexible propulsion system, whose performance parameters might easily be adapted, by changing the mass flow and/or the power level. As such the system is capable to deliver a maximum specific impulse of 13116 s (12.87 mN) at a power level of 11.16 kW, using Xe as propellant, but can also be attuned to provide a thrust of 236.5 mN (2411 s) at 6.15 kW of power. While space propulsion is expected to be the prime application for MOA and is supported by numerous applications such as Solar and/or Nuclear Electric Propulsion or even as an 'afterburner system' for Nuclear Thermal Propulsion, other terrestrial applications can be thought of as well, making the system highly suited for a common space-terrestrial application research and utilisation strategy. (authors)

  19. Branden Fitelson Philosophy 290 Notes 1 Conditionals Seminar: Day 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    Calculus Primer · Back to Bennett: Chapter 2 Wrap-Up, and then Chapters 3 & 4 ­ Ramsey and Grice (or, more accurately, Ramsey and Bennett's Grice) ­ Jackson on Conventional Implicature, the Ramsey Test, � attacks on it UCB Philosophy CHAPTERS 2 & 3 (CONT'D) & 4 (PERHAPS) OF BENNETT 09/14/04 #12;Branden

  20. Branden Fitelson Philosophy 290 Notes 1 Conditionals Seminar: Day 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    Calculus Primer · Back to Bennett: Chapter 2 Wrap-Up, and then Chapters 3 & 4 ­ Ramsey and Grice (or, more accurately, Ramsey and Bennett's Grice) ­ Jackson on Conventional Implicature, the Ramsey Test, � attacks on it UCB Philosophy CHAPTERS 2 & 3 (CONT'D) & 4 (PERHAPS) OF BENNETT 09/14/04 Branden Fitelson

  1. Billions of dollars and a Nobel Prize later, it looks like `microlending' doesn't actually do much to fight poverty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotko, William

    , or a snack cart or a stand selling cell phone cards, and through such petty entrepreneurship lift themselves or on a relatively big-ticket item like a TV or a daughter's wedding. And while microcredit champions point is not a transformational panacea that is going to lift people out of poverty," says Dean Karlan, an economics professor

  2. Shirin Ebadi, received the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize for promoting human rights, in particular, the rights of women, children, and political prisoners in Iran. She

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akhmedov, Azer

    , the rights of women, children, and political prisoners in Iran. She was the first Muslim woman to receive one of the first female judges in Iran. She served as president of the city court of Tehran from 1975's Initiative, and the PeaceJam Foundation. She is the author of Refugee Rights in Iran (2008) and Iran

  3. LGO Integrated Development Environment for Continuous Global Optimization http://catt.bus.okstate.edu/itorms/pinter/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumaier, Arnold

    - Chemical and phase equilibria - coating thickness standardization - combustion of propane - control systems - isomerization of alpha-pinene - Lennard-Jones clusters - minimal surfaces - pressure distribution - Ramsey

  4. american fox pseudalopex: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FOX, and BENNY SUDAKOV Abstract Ramsey. Conlon's work partially supported by a Royal Society University Research Fellowship. Fox's work partially, FOX, and SUDAKOV geometry,...

  5. ascorbic acid induces: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ramsey Theory Continue with Nesetril-Rodl Reminder Prigozhin, Leonid 174 ANTIBODY PURIFICATION USING CAPRYLIC ACID In mildly acidic conditions, the addition of short-chain...

  6. Employee Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bello, Madelyn

    2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Welcome to Berkeley Lab. You are joining or are already a part of a laboratory with a sterling tradition of scientific achievement, including eleven Nobel Laureates and thirteen National Medal of Science winners. No matter what job you do, you make Berkeley Lab the outstanding organization that it is. Without your hard work and dedication, we could not achieve all that we have. We value you and thank you for choosing to be part of our community. This Employee Handbook is designed to help you navigate the Lab. With over 3,000 employees, an additional 3,000 guests visiting from countries around the world, a 200-acre campus and many policies and procedures, learning all the ins and outs may seem overwhelming, especially if you're a new employee. However, even if you have been here for a while, this Handbook should be a useful reference tool. It is meant to serve as a guide, highlighting and summarizing what you need to know and informing you where you can go for more detailed information. The general information provided in this Handbook serves only as a brief description of many of the Lab's policies. Policies, procedures and information are found in the Lab's Regulations and Procedures Manual (RPM), Summary Plan Descriptions, University of California policies, and provisions of Contract 31 between the Regents of the University and the U.S. Department of Energy. In addition, specific terms and conditions for represented employees are found in applicable collective bargaining agreements. Nothing in this Handbook is intended to supplant, change or conflict with the previously mentioned documents. In addition, the information in this Handbook does not constitute a contract or a promise of continued employment and may be changed at any time by the Lab. We believe employees are happier and more productive if they know what they can expect from their organization and what their organization expects from them. The Handbook will familiarize you with the privileges, benefits, and responsibilities of being an employee at Berkeley Lab. In this organization, as in the rest of the world, circumstances are constantly changing. Policies and procedures can change at any time, so it is advisable to keep apprised of these changes by checking in frequently to the electronic version of this Employee Handbook found at www.lbl.gov/Workplace/HumanResources/EmployeeHandbook.

  7. APS News 2012 | Advanced Photon Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    crossroads event Wednesday, bridging the art and science of understanding Picasso. APS Lights the Way to 2012 Chemistry Nobel APS Lights the Way to 2012 Chemistry Nobel October 15,...

  8. October 24, 1995 Vol. XLVII No. 22

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    Grantees Win Nobel Prize for Medicine Two of the three researchers who shared the 1995 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine are longtime grantees of NIH; their studies of genes that control embryonic

  9. Retrospective: Edwin G. Krebs (1918 2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, John D.

    in chemistry, he was accepted into the laboratory of future Nobel laure- ates Carl and Gerty Cori in the depart

  10. Oak Ridge: A Historical Perspective

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    were the brainchild of Noble Laureate E. O. Lawrence. At its peak of production in World War II, Y-12 had 1,152 calutrons in operation in five Alpha buildings and four Beta...

  11. The epistle dedicatory in English drama: 1698-1730

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConal, Shirley Jean

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are frequently 7 acted in the Play-houses in Drury-lane and Lincoln's-Inn-Fields in this Country are full of prophane, irreverent, lewd, indecent, and immoral expressions, and tend to the displeasure of Almighty God, and to the corruption of the auditory both... ministers and Members of Parliament as writers were sought after and wooed. Beljame lists many offices given to playwrights during these political years: Charles Shadwell Poet Laureate Historiographer Royal Nicholas Rowe Poet Laureate Land Surveyor...

  12. Did you know that plastics can conduct electricity? Professors Alan Heeger, Alan Mac Diarmid and Hideki Shirakawa reveived the 2000 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery and development of conductive polymers.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Did you know that plastics can conduct electricity? Professors Alan Heeger, Alan Mac Diarmid of conductive polymers. Upon doping, an insulating plastic can become conducting such as a metal and be used

  13. Microsoft Word - March2014.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    radioactivity with Nobel Prize-winning chemist Otto Hahn and later discovering nuclear fission. It was her revelation that led Albert Einstein to write his famous warning...

  14. Closing the Culture Gap Between Academia and Industry | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    suspension of new clinical trials, furlough of employees in research institutions, and concurrent inability to conduct research - 4 of the 5 Nobel Prize-winning scientists were...

  15. Researchers Funded by the DOE "Genomes to Life" Program Achieve...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    pollution or to reduce the toxic effects of radioactive waste." Dr. Venter, Dr. Hamilton Smith, who was awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physiology, and their IBEA colleagues...

  16. S.Van der Meer tribute

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Plusieurs intervenants rendent hommage à Simon Van der Meer né en 1925 à La Haye NL et prix nobel de physique en 1984

  17. Argonne Distinguished Fellows | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Argonne Distinguished Fellows Argonne's world-class scientists have achieved national and international recognition, including: Three Nobel Prizes, 119 R&D 100 Awards, More than...

  18. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    related web sites. Dr. Chu has been director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) since August 2004 and received the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics "for development of...

  19. Energy Blog | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    A Livestream with our Latest Nobel Prize Winner Dr. Perlmutter presents, "Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How the Energy Department Helped to Win (yet...

  20. Staff | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    A Livestream with our Latest Nobel Prize Winner Dr. Perlmutter presents, "Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How the Energy Department Helped to Win (yet...

  1. alveolar ridge preservation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    awarding of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize to the Intergovern- mental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and to Al community has been uncovering stronger and stronger evidence that...

  2. MRI Beginnings - a Legacy | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Legacy From Nobel Ideas to Industrial Success - Bill Edelstein's Legacy Scott Smith 2014.06.13 Edelsteinwith-MRmachine Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) was discovered in...

  3. Press conference

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Exposés de plusieurs intervenants de la direction et du conseil, comme le Prof.Ramsey, président du conseil sur l'adhésion récente de la Finlande et le "boom" scientifique des pays de l'est.

  4. Spectroscopy of low-frequency noise and its temperature dependence in a superconducting qubit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orlando, Terry Philip

    We report a direct measurement of the low-frequency noise spectrum in a superconducting flux qubit. Our method uses the noise sensitivity of a free-induction Ramsey interference experiment, comprising free evolution in the ...

  5. Arguments For--Or Against--Probabilism? Alan Hajek

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    to credences A. H´ajek (B) Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia e-mail: alanh@coombs.anu.edu.au 1 Much like Earman (1992), p. 1. 2 The Ramsey

  6. Fermilab Today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a free screening of "Particle Fever." The documentary film on the search for the Higgs boson will be shown on Thursday, Aug. 21 at 6:45 p.m. in Ramsey Auditorium. A Fermilab ID...

  7. La fuente de obsidiana “Chivay” y su posición en los Andes Sur Centrales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tripcevich, Nicholas; Yepez, Willy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    de glaciares en el lado norte de Maymeja expone fallas. EnUniversidad Católica del Norte, Antofagasta. Ramsey, C.de Arica, Desierto de Atacama Norte Calogero M. Santoro y

  8. Forthcoming: Review of Economics and Statistics Superior Forecasts of the U.S. Unemployment Rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    and the editor Jim Stock for their thoughtful comments and helpful suggestions. We also appreciate, Hooker and Oswald (1998, henceforth "CHO"). Both MZTT and CHO take to heart Ramsey's (1996) admonition

  9. 14.452 Economic Growth, Fall 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    The basic machines of macroeconomics. Ramsey, Solow, Samuelson-Diamond, RBCs, ISLM, Mundell-Fleming, Fischer-Taylor. How they work, what shortcuts they take, and how they can be used. Half-term subject. From the course ...

  10. 14.452 Macroeconomic Theory II, Spring 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchard, Olivier (Olivier J.)

    The basic machines of macroeconomics. Ramsey, Solow, Samuelson-Diamond, RBCs, ISLM, Mundell-Fleming, Fischer-Taylor. How they work, what shortcuts they take, and how they can be used. Half-term subject. From the course ...

  11. Peeking into the Early Universe with Coded-Aperture Imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Harrison, Fiona Cook, Rick NSSTC Finger, Mark Fishman, Jerry Kouveliotou, Chryssa Ramsey, Brian Yale Coppi pointings for spectra EXIST Mission Overview Solar Panels IRTHET SXI S/C #12;EXIST vs Swift Solar Panels

  12. The assessment of mixing/solid suspension in a slab tank due to vibratory agitation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, Christopher Joseph

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE ASSESSMENT OF MIXING/SOLID SUSPENSION IN A SLAB TANK DUE TO VIBRATORY AGITATION A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER JOSEPH RAMSEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1988 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering THE ASSESSMENT OF MIXING/SOLID SUSPENSION IN A SLAB TANK DUE TO VIBRATORY AGITATION A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER JOSEPH RAMSEY Approved as to style and content by: Gar B. Tatterson...

  13. Big Bang: astrophysical fantasy fantastic fact?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korn, Andreas

    ) are in thephoton emission) are in the 100100 KK rangerange (Nobel price 2006).(Nobel price 2006). #12;BOOMERan ratios of hydroge,of hydroge, helium and lithiumhelium and lithium as a function of theas a function: helium in different cosmic sourcescosmic sources 1980s:1980s: lithium in old starslithium in old stars

  14. University of oslo Facts and Figures 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Løw, Erik

    · Innovative Natural Gas Processes and Products Nobel Prize Winners: · Fridtjof Nansen, Nobel Peace Prize 1922 Haavelmo, Economics 1989 "Market shares" of the University of Oslo - % of all Norwegian Higher Education · Physics of Geological Processes · Molecular Biology and Neuroscience · The Study of Mind in Nature

  15. Dissolution of Barite Scale using Chelating Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shende, Aniket Vishwanath

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Pentaacetic Acid Dissolvine DZ DTPA AkzoNobel L-glutamic acid N,N-diacetic acid Dissolvine GL-47-S GLDA AkzoNobel Methyl Glycine Diacetic acid Trilon M MGDA BASF 2.2 Establishing Procedure Several different procedures have been used in literature...

  16. UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO CHEMISTRYCHEMISTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolowski, Marla

    in the heart of downtown Toronto, and the beautiful, green campuses of Mississauga and Scarborough The U of T Library system is one of the top five research libraries in North AmericaThe U of T Library system is one of the top five research libraries in North America Six Nobel Prize-winning graduates and three Nobel Prize

  17. CRUISE ROUNDTRIP FROM ISTANBUL SPONSORED BY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    ... Left: Head of the Greek poet Sappho, Hellenistic stone sculpture, Archaeological Museum, Topkapi Palace they made! Honour the Light Brigade, Noble six hundred!" Alfred, Lord Tennyson, British poet laureate, 1809." Alfonso de Lamartine, French writer, poet and politician, 1790-1869 Dear Williams Alumni and Friends

  18. RICHARD A. DAVIS: CURRICULUM VITAE March 1, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Richard A.

    , 1995 Fellow of American Statistical Association, 2002 IBM Faculty Award, 2003 Professor Laureate Carolina, 2014. Professional Society Memberships American Statistical Association Institute of Mathematical of California, San Diego 1984­1989 Associate Professor of Statistics, Colorado State University #12;2 1984

  19. A review of "Write or Be Written: Early Modern Women Poets and Cultural Constraints." by Barbara Smith and Ursula Appelt, eds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elizabeth Skerpanwheeler

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , at the height of her success, was promoted by several prominent men: publishers Jacob Tonson and Joseph Hindmarsh, the poet-laureate John Dryden, and principals at the court of Charles II. Katherine Philips became a national icon and modern-day Sappho...

  20. Adrenal weight in a Texas white-tailed deer herd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, Charles Warren

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ADRENAL WEIGHT IN A TEXAS WHITE-TAILED DEER HERD A Thesis by CHARLES WARREN RAMSEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1975 Major... Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences ADRENAL WEIGHT IN A TEXAS WHITE-TAILED DEER HERD A Thesis by CHARLES WARREN RAMSEY Approved as to style and content by: ( airman o Committ ) (Head of Department) (Member) (Member) December 1975 1. 1, 1...

  1. Presentations of bdj50 conference lectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Speakers

    2012-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    to the pairing symmetry experiments •? Celebrated the Nobel Prize to Neville Mott •? Met John Clarke •? Superconductivity was much simpler then …. NATO Postdoctoral Fellowship q k 1 k' 1 k 2 k' 2 e e - - Conventional (“classic”) superconductivity...

  2. Ada Yonath: Another Pioneering Woman in Science

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In honor of Women's History Month, we're highlighting Ada Yonath, whose studies of the structure and function of the ribosome won her a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2009.

  3. Transaction-Cost Economics: Past and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbons, Robert S.

    Oliver Williamson is the founder and chief developer of transaction-cost economics (TCE). In this brief essay, on the occasion of his Nobel Memorial Prize, I offer a partial discussion of Williamson's contributions by first ...

  4. Slide07 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Provide compelling evidence that DOE R&D pays real dividends Led to all of nuclear power Led to all of nuclear medicine CAT scan, MRI Genome project Dozens of Nobel...

  5. Secretary Moniz Named One of 10 Most Influential in Lighting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to receive the Nobel Prize in Physics for their invention of the blue light emitting diode, a game-changer in the history of LED lights. | Photo courtesy of Soraa....

  6. Nichirenism as modernism : imperialism, fascism, and buddhism in modern Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iguchi, Gerald Scott

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Barnes and Nobel, 2004. Honda, Nissh?. Nichirenshugi K?y?.at the Tokyo headquarters of Honda Nissh?, a priest who wasvisited the headquarters of Honda Nissh?. In 1925 Egawa

  7. Earth&atmosphEricsciEncEs MatheMatics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lombardi, John R.

    research buildings currently under construction on our South Campus. The Division made impressive progress laboratories. The roster for our Biochem- istry Seminar included two speakers who went on to receive Nobel

  8. THE PATH OF CARBON IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvin, Melvin Nobel Prize lecture

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Path ot Carbon in Photosynthesis. Science" l2J. , 476 (48 THE PATH OF CARBON IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS Melvin Calvin Nobel8-A Fig. 1. Elementary photosynthesis scheme. DES IOU OF THE

  9. advanced pressurized light: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: Advanced Light Source QUICK FACTS Funding Agency: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1939. Today, the expanded...

  10. advanced laser light: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: Advanced Light Source QUICK FACTS Funding Agency: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1939. Today, the expanded...

  11. ` Barbara R. Snyder 10900 Euclid Avenue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    and the Nobel Prize-winning creator of the "bubble chamber" ­ a development essential for a series of subsequent ­ and a $10,000 prize. And, finally, Carbon Origins, designers of reusable rockets that carry science

  12. Researcher Supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Is Co-Winner...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    previously invisible processes as the development of nerve cells in the brain or how cancer cells are formed. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize...

  13. Colloquium P.G.de Gennes

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Lecture du Prof. Pierre Gilles de Gennes, prix nobel de physique 1991, Prof. du collège de France en 1971, directeur à l'école de Physique et chimie à Paris etc....

  14. President-Elect Obama Nominates Dr. Steven Chu as Energy Secretary...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Dr. Steven Chu, the current director of DOE's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), to be the next Secretary of Energy. Dr. Chu won the Nobel Prize for physics in 1997...

  15. NERSC-ScienceHighlightSlidesSeptember2011v2.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the discovery that led to the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics. (S. Perlmutter, UC BerkeleyLBNL) Materials A vastly improved organic semiconductor discovery is a key proof of...

  16. STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CHEMICAL INDUSTRY ENVIRONMENTAL...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Air Products and Chemicals, Akzo Nobel, Battelle, DuPont, NL Industries, OxyChem, and Praxair. With the exception of Battelle, all of the Petitioner's member companies are major...

  17. The future of the Higgs boson

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lykken, Joseph; Spiropulu, Maria

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimentalists and theorists are still celebrating the Nobel-worthy discovery of the Higgs boson that was announced in July 2012 at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider. Now they are working on the profound implications of that discovery.

  18. High-throughput on-chip in vivo neural regeneration studies usingfemtosecond laser nano-surgery and microfluidics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samara, Chrysanthi

    In recent years, the advantages of using small invertebrate animals as model systems for human disease have become increasingly apparent and have resulted in three Nobel Prizes in medicine or chemistry during the last six ...

  19. The Smallest Stable Fullerene, M@C28 (M = Ti, Zr, U) Gregory S. Boebinger, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    fascinated chemists since the original discovery of C60, leading to the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, or uranium directly into the buckyball from carbon vapor. Figure 1. The structure proposed for a C28

  20. Fullerenes Buckminster Fullerenes ("Buckyballs") have fascinated chemists since the original discovery of C60, leading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    discovery of C60, leading to the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for Curl, Kroto, and Smalley. Although metal ion, such as titanium, zirconium, or uranium directly from carbon vapor. The resulting M@C28

  1. Franois Perroux, a precursor of the current analyses of power Ren Sandretto *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    reached the apex of their popularity during the 1960s, namely in Europe and Latin America. Benjamin defended so forcefully seem to experience renewed interest. The Nobel prize awarded to

  2. MODELS FOR AN ANESTHESIA BREATHING CIRCUIT Paul E. Bigeleisen + and Margaret Cheney ++

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheney, Margaret

    MODELS FOR AN ANESTHESIA BREATHING CIRCUIT Paul E. Bigeleisen + and Margaret Cheney ++ + Department of Anesthesia, St. Paul Ramsey Medical Center, St. Paul, MN 55101; per­ manent address: Department­4824. ABSTRACT This paper presents a mathematical model of a semi­closed anesthesia breathing cir­ cuit

  3. UW MEDICINE ANNUAL ADDRESS 2014 UW MEDICINE'S ROLE IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    Care Center Progress in strategic initiatives #12;UW MEDICINE ANNUAL ADDRESS 2014 UW AdvancingUW MEDICINE ANNUAL ADDRESS 2014 UW MEDICINE'S ROLE IN IMPROVING HEALTH: 2014 Paul G. Ramsey, M.D. CEO, UW Medicine Executive Vice President for Medical Affairs and Dean of the School of Medicine

  4. Vol 440|16 March 2006 In a trial that opened on 6 March in Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    heart attack after taking Vioxx for eight months (see Nature 436, 1070; 2005). The award is likely who suffered a fatal heart attack after taking Vioxx for less than a month. These verdicts have helped last month, the Arlington, Virginia, stock-research com- pany Friedman Billings Ramsey lowered its

  5. Literate Programming using noweb Andrew L. Johnson and Brad C. Johnson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, Norman

    Literate Programming using noweb Andrew L. Johnson and Brad C. Johnson December 19, 2000. The Computer Journal (27)2:97-111]. This article focuses on Norman Ramsey's noweb--a simple to use, extensible{Introduction} This is [[autodefs.perl

  6. A numerical model to compute the morphodynamic impact of a human intervention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    of a pit dredged offshore Cane South, SC. The seabed bathymetry was measured before dredging, after dredging and one-year after dredging in January 2009, April 2009 and March 2010, respectively evolution of the dredged area (Ramsey et al., 2014). The CCM provides better quantitative results compared

  7. Controlled Coherent Excitations in a Single Cadmium Ion with an Ultrafast Laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monroe, Christopher

    of ultrafast pulses in a Ramsey interferometer. This ultrafast coupling is vital in a scheme for generationControlled Coherent Excitations in a Single Cadmium Ion with an Ultrafast Laser by Rudolph Nicolas: Controlled Coherent Excitations in a Single Cadmium Ion with an Ultrafast Laser written by R. N. Kohn Jr. has

  8. HISTORY 483 THE FIRST WORLD WAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    HISTORY 483 THE FIRST WORLD WAR Summer 2012 Saturday 9:00 ­ 14:30 ST139 Instructor: Paul Ramsey By far the most significant event of the twentieth century the legacy of the First World War continues, military, social, and economic spheres of the war ­ and the concept of `total war'. Students

  9. 4/28/2010 1Porous Pavements Porous Pavements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    4/28/2010 1Porous Pavements Porous Pavements for Stormwater Restoration in Urban Environments Cliff Aichinger Ramsey-Washington Metro Watershed District #12;4/28/2010 2Porous Pavements Porous Pavements Why am new volume reduction rules. Porous pavement is one of a relative few BMPs that address stormwater

  10. Publications of the Volcano Hazards Program 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    ://www.avo.alaska.edu/volcanoes/latlong.php Cameron, Cheryl, Guffanti, Marianne, Kimberly, Paul, Mayberry, Gari, McIntire, Jacqueline, Ramsey, David. L. A., Wilson, C. J. N., Lowenstern, J. B., Blake, S., van Calsteren, P. W., and Davidson, J. P

  11. PPPL-2878 UC-426 February 1993 Tritium Diagnostics by Balmer-alpha Emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PPPL-2878 UC-426 February 1993 Tritium Diagnostics by Balmer-alpha Emission C H Skinner, A T Ramsey emission from tritium in a plasma may be distinguished from deuterium emission by a small isotope shift. A diagnostic system to measure tritium Balmer-alpha emission from the plasma edge has been installed on TFTR

  12. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Promoting education, awareness, participation and effectiveness in composting on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , awareness, participation and effectiveness in composting on campus Christa Allason, Byron Ramsey, Elaine education, awareness, participation and effectiveness in composting on campus GROUP 2: Christa Allason Byron's difficult to ensure composting awareness and practice remains steady among residents. To increase awareness

  13. PubMed Help PubMed comprises over 23 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Judith G.

    the key concepts for your search. 2 Enter the terms (or key concepts) in the search box. 3 Suggestions by Bonnie W. Ramsey about gene therapy for cystic fibrosis enter the following search terms into the search will display as you type your search terms. Click Turn off to temporarily disable the autocomplete feature. 4

  14. James E. Smith J.B. Fuqua Professor of Business Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    's research interests lie primarily in the areas of decision analysis and focus on developing methods, Smith was awarded the Frank P. Ramsey Medal for distinguished contributions to decision analysis in 2004. Outside of Duke, Smith has been active with INFORMS' Decision Analysis Society and recently

  15. DIVISION S-10--WETLAND SOILS Carbon Accumulation and Storage in Mineral Subsoil beneath Peat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Tim

    DIVISION S-10--WETLAND SOILS Carbon Accumulation and Storage in Mineral Subsoil beneath Peat Tim R subsoil (Turunen and Moore, 2003). TheyWe showed that sandy subsoils beneath peat near Ramsey Lake conditions beneath the peat. soils beneath the forest, those beneath the peat contained similar In this paper

  16. NSLS 2009 Activity Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nasta K.; Mona R.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2009 was an incredibly exciting year for light sources at Brookhaven. The National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) hosted more than 2,200 visiting researchers, who, along with the about 50 members of our scientific staff, produced a total of 957 publications - about 20 percent of which appeared in premier journals. Covering topics ranging from Alzheimer's disease detection to ethanol-powered fuel cells, a sampling of these findings can be found in this Activity Report. We've also seen the resurfacing of some of our long-time users hard work. I was very proud to hear that two of the three recipients of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry have ties to the NSLS. Venki Ramakrishnan, a former employee in Brookhaven's biology department and long-time user of the NSLS, now at Cambridge University, and Thomas A. Steitz of Yale University, also a long-time NSLS user, shared the prize with Ada E. Yonath of the Weizmann Institute of Science for their work on the structure and function of the ribosome. In the late 1990s, Ramakrishnan and Steitz used protein crystallography at the NSLS to gather atomic-level images of two ribosome subunits: 30S (Ramakrishnan) and 50S (Steitz). Both laureates solved the high-resolution structures for these subunits based on this data. After struggling with a rough budget for several years, we received excellent funding, and then some, this year. In addition to NSLS operations funding, we received $3 million in funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). We used that additional money for two exciting projects: construction of a full-field x-ray microscope and acquisition of several advanced x-ray detectors. The x-ray microscope will be able to image objects with a targeted spatial resolution of 30 nanometers. This capability will be particularly important for new initiatives in energy research and will prepare our users for the projected 1-nanometer resolution benchmark at the National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II). The detectors project is expected to increase the throughput of several high-demand beamlines by an order of magnitude as well as enable new classes of experiments. In addition, a huge chunk of ARRA money - $150 million - was put toward accelerating the construction of NSLS-II, which is now taking shape across the street. Now physically much more than just a pile of dirt, NSLS-II was granted Critical Decision 3 status by the Department of Energy (DOE) early last year, giving the official go-ahead for construction. In July, construction began, marked by a groundbreaking ceremony that attracted elected officials, media, and DOE, Battelle, and Stony Brook University representatives from across the state and the country. As progress on NSLS-II continues, we're working with Stony Brook University to identify ways to capitalize on the facility's unique capabilities through the Joint Photon Sciences Institute (JPSI). Included in this effort is a series of workshops to encourage the development and application of the photon sciences with collaborative research between industries, universities, and national laboratories. We helped host three of these workshops this year, focusing on microelectronics, energy storage, and materials in next-generation energy systems. The conversation and ideas generated at these meetings has been fresh and valuable and we hope to use this model to organize research opportunities in other scientific fields. Also this year: Brookhaven was deemed the lead institution for one of DOE's 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers, focused on understanding the underlying nature of superconductivity in complex materials by using techniques at the NSLS and CFN; DOE awarded a $100,000 supplemental grant to our detector program to continue the development of a new generation of x-ray detectors that use germanium sensors, which, at high energies, are much more efficient than equivalent ones based on silicon; and funding for one of our largest consortia, Case Western Reserve University's Center for Synchrotron Biosciences (CSB), was renewed through the National Inst

  17. Dutch gas plant uses polymer process to treat aromatic-saturated water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A gas-processing plant in Harlingen, The Netherlands, operated by Elf Petroland has been running a porous-polymer extraction process since 1994 to remove aromatic compounds from water associated with produced natural gas. In the period, the unit has removed dispersed and dissolved aromatic compounds to a concentration of <1 ppm with energy consumption of only 17% that of a steam stripper, according to Paul Brooks, general manager for Akzo Nobel`s Macro Porous Polymer-Extraction (MPPE) systems. The paper describes glycol treatment the MPPE separation process, and the service contract for the system.

  18. Quantum engineering of atomic phase-shifts in optical clocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Zanon-Willette; S. Almonacil; E. de Clercq; A. D. Ludlow; E. Arimondo

    2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum engineering of time-separated Raman laser pulses in three-level systems is presented to produce an ultra-narrow optical transition in bosonic alkali-earth clocks free from light shifts and with a significantly reduced sensitivity to laser parameter fluctuations. Based on a quantum artificial complex-wave-function analytical model, and supported by a full density matrix simulation including a possible residual effect of spontaneous emission from the intermediate state, atomic phase-shifts associated to Ramsey and Hyper-Ramsey two-photon spectroscopy in optical clocks are derived. Various common-mode Raman frequency detunings are found where the frequency shifts from off-resonant states are canceled, while strongly reducing their uncertainties at the 10$^{-18}$ level of accuracy.

  19. The effect of processing parameters on oil content of corn tortilla chips 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dudley, Peta Rock

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    has been reported, much work has been done to reduce fat content of potato chips (Gamble et al. , 1987b; Gamble and Rice, 1987; Hannigan, 1981; Hill et al. , 1984; Kloos 1990; Lee, et al. , 1986; Morris, 1984; Prosise and Ramsey, 1990). Drying... potato slices before frying produces chips lower in fat than those produced by standard methods (Gamble and Rice, 1987). A similar method of production for tortilla chips would require little capital investment (i. e. , new equipment), and no notation...

  20. PREPARED FOR THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, UNDER CONTRACT DE-AC02-76CH03073

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .L. Jassby, R. Maqueda, H.K. Park, A. Ramsey, E.J. Synakowski, G. Taylor, and G.W. Warden December 2000 #12.W. Johnson, B. Grek, H. Kugel, M.G. Bell, R.E. Bell, R.A. Budny, C.E. Bush, E.D. Fredrickson, K.W. Hill, D into the Edge of TFTR Discharges D.K. Mansfield, D.W. Johnson, B. Grek# , H. Kugel, M.G. Bell, R.E. Bell, R

  1. Narrowing of the coherent population trapping resonance under zone pumping in cells with different characteristics of the wall coating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kazakov, G A; Litvinov, A N; Matisov, B G [St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

    2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that when coherent population trapping (CPT) resonance is excited by a narrow laser beam, the presence of elastic collisions with the cell wall significantly affects the line shape of the CPT-resonance. We have constructed a theoretical model, which is based on averaging over the random Ramsey sequences of the atom dwell time in the beam and dark zones and takes into account the probability of elastic bounce of an atom from the wall.

  2. 3 September 2014 Are our brains wired to ignore climate change?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    Klein. The book examines the psychology of climate change denial, following discussions with Nobel Prize eyes? "Environmentalists and scientists alike continue to assume that climate change denial canMEDIA TIP 3 September 2014 Are our brains wired to ignore climate change? "Why, when the evidence

  3. September 2011 Master students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Utrecht Utrecht University at a glance · Outstanding international reputation as a leading European quality English-taught degree programs and courses · 12 Nobel prize winners #12;Universiteit Utrecht) Utrecht University · No. 1 in the Netherlands (already the 9th year) · No. 12 in Europe · No. 48

  4. yale environmental NEWS Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, and Yale Institute for Biospheric Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and a Design Award from AIA Connecticut. The building is expected to achieve a platinum rating in the green-building, at the International Scientific Congress on Climate Change in Copenhagen, Yale's President Richard Levin announced. Pachauri, the head of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), who shared the Nobel Peace

  5. Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and Enrgy Science: A Talk from Leo Holberg and Allen Mills

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Holberg, Leo; Mills, Allen [NIST

    2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Leo Holberg and Allen Mills present a talk at Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics and Energy Science, a scientific symposium honoring Steve Chu, director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics. The symposium was held August 30, 2008 in Berkeley.

  6. DIRECTOR'S MESSAGE The Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE), founded in 1946, is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -2010 academic year witnessed the creation of RLE's seventh research theme: Energy, Power, and Electromagnetics million dollar Energy Frontier Research Center sponsored by the Department of Energy and directed the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on Bose-Einstein condensation. Major space renovations have

  7. Columbia University Medical Center CUMC Home | Columbia University | Jobs at CUMC | Contact CUMC | Find People Search CUMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University Medical Center CUMC Home | Columbia University | Jobs at CUMC | Contact CUMC and Molecular Biophysics and Pathology at Columbia University Medical Center and recipient of the 2004 Nobel University | Affiliated with New York-Presbyterian Hospital | Comments | Text-Only Version http://www.cumc.columbia

  8. Oldest and Largest WEATHER, p. 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of electronics." The Ig Informal Lectures are happening this week- end at 1 p.m. in 26-100. See the Ig Nobel- cation, the skills you've ac- quired here," Piñera said, according to the MIT News Office. "That's what

  9. Celebration of DOE's 35th Anniversary and the Secretary of Energy's Honor Awards, Keynote Address: Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chu, Steven (U.S. Energy Secretary)

    2012-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Dr. Steven Chu gives a keynote address marking the thirty-fifth anniversary of the Department of Energy (DOE). He highlights outstanding achievements of the Department and its scientists. Several of the Department's many Nobel Prize winners over the years are mentioned.

  10. ITER project to solve global energy problems 15/11/2005 18:29

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    project, which involves countries conducting extensive research on controlled thermonuclear fusion thermonuclear fusion, which is much safer than nuclear energy. Thermonuclear reactors cannot explode the way anything about thermonuclear fusion only fifty years ago. Nobel Prize winner Academician Igor Tamm and one

  11. Surface Electro Radiation and Photo Chemistry PARIS-SUD GENOVA PORTO POZNAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Surface Electro Radiation and Photo ­ Chemistry SERP-Chem PARIS-SUD GENOVA PORTO POZNAN SERP students 17 000 for European students Two-years master course in Surface, Electro, Radiation, and Photo, Radiation, and Photo Chemistry CONTACT INFORMATION ERASMUS MUNDUS Support of G.Ertl, Nobel price

  12. " ... It is estimated that [since the early 1960s] accelerator science has influenced almost 1/3 of physicists and physics studies and on average contributed to physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    .9 years." Haussecker & Chao, Physics in Perspective 13, 146 (2011). Use of accelerators Water#12;" ... It is estimated that [since the early 1960s] accelerator science has influenced almost 1/3 of physicists and physics studies and on average contributed to physics Nobel Prize-winning research every 2

  13. Leading Edge 204 Cell 141, April 16, 2010 2010 Elsevier Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    Leading Edge Commentary 204 Cell 141, April 16, 2010 ©2010 Elsevier Inc. The world goes through with the first Nobel Prizes in 1901. Science and technology played a pivotal role in this progress. In the 1990s with the creation of the European Union (EU), and China, Japan, and other so-called Asian Tigers assumed a major

  14. Poetry of Protest My generation grew up entranced by images of protest. From the non-violent resistance of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Xiao

    Guidelines 5 Volume 2 Issue 3 #12;Page 2 Conversing with the World: The Poet in Society By Rachel Galvin The politician wants men to know how to die courageously; the poet wants men to live coura- geously. --Italian poet Salvatore Quasimodo, Nobel lecture, 1959 Since the invasion of Iraq in 2003, the relationship

  15. The same or just much the same? Problems with coreference from the reader's perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ". The poet handed over part of the prize to the "SERCE" Foundation. the first task should identify precision cz nagrody ­ part of the prize nagrody ­ the prize poetka ­ the poet Fundacji ,,SERCE, poetk ­ Wislawa Szymborska, her, the poet Nagrod Nobla, nagrody ­ the Nobel Prize, the prize. All

  16. The Cornell Center for Materials Research (CCMR) is the pathfinder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

    of current materials research by supporting more than 100 top-flight researchers (including several Nobel development. More than 30 startup companies and hundreds of new jobs have been added to New York State based for workforce development. Life Science Enterprise LSE Stephen Kresovich (top), Plant Breeding and Plant Biology

  17. Cmo la globalizacin fomenta y mitiga a la vez la desigualdad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilbao Arrese, Jesús Mario

    premio Nobel de Economía de Harvard, el fallecido Simon Kuznets, enunció una famosa ley, la ley de Kuznets: 1) Las sociedades pobres y atrasadas tienden a sufrir gran desigualdad. 2) Sin embargo, cuando física o las matemáticas. La Ley de Kuznets, antes y después de que este gran estadístico muriera, empezó

  18. The Sun -II Alexei Gilchrist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wardle, Mark

    ://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/articles/bahcall/ More detail: #12;How much energy does the sun put out? Imagine an ice cube in the sun during summer most of the energy we consume goes in heat #12;Age of the sun? http://en.wikipedia of energy Sun is mostly Hydrogen Fusion will form Helium Lots of energy released weight He

  19. Everything we know is wrong On 1 April 2057, workers found the body of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    such promise for reversing the effects of global warming, winning him the Nobel and numerous other awards as waste. Atmospheric carbon levels were halved in little more than a decade. It was nothing less than by the Sinai LTC facility. But global temperatures continued to rise. Venice was lost, along with Bangladesh

  20. Photosynthesis Research 73: 1120, 2002. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee "Gov"

    Photosynthesis Research 73: 11­20, 2002. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed, historical notes, Nobel and Kettering awards related to photosynthesis Govindjee1 & David W. Krogmann2, 1 2002 Key words: algae, carbon-14, history of photosynthesis research, photosynthesis, plants Abstract

  1. engineering and applied

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -distance telephones. Irving Langmuir, Class of 1903, invented the gas-filled tungsten lamp; research in monolayering and surface chemistry led to a Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1932. In 1910, Professor Thomas Hunt Morgan's research on fruit flies led him to develop the chromosome theory of heredity--the cornerstone of modern

  2. The Economics of Learning Models: A Self-tuning Theory of Learning in Games

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greer, Julia R.

    The Economics of Learning Models: A Self-tuning Theory of Learning in Games Teck H. Ho, Colin F correspondence to the first author. Thanks to participants in the 2000 Southern Economics Association meetings Workshop, the Nobel Symposium on Behavioral and Experimental Economics (December 2001) and C. M´onica Capra

  3. T H E O H I O S T A T E U N I V E R S I T Y M E S S A G E F R O M M A C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Michelle

    achievements of Barack Obama. Dr. King was certainly the most memorable African American male of the 20th century, just as President Obama is already the most significant African American male of the 21st century accomplished and left behind a huge record of achievements: the Nobel Prize, youngest person ever to receive it

  4. 90-50-10 Celebration: Ernest Courant

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ernest Courant

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BNL hosts a celebration titled ?90-50-10? to celebrate the 90th birthday of Ernest Courant (of ?strong focusing? fame), the 50th anniversary of the startup of the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS, home of three Nobel Prizes), and the 10th anniversary of first collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC).

  5. 'What is Space?': Full of Possibilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A new PBS NOVA series, The Fabric of the Cosmos, peers into the perception of time, the realm of quantum physics, and the astonishing possibilities of the multiverse. Tonight's premiere episode features National Laboratory physicists, including recent Nobel Prize Winner Dr. Saul Perlmuter.

  6. Conference Salam/Musset

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Le DG L.Van Hove introduit le Prof. A.Salam né en 1926 dans l'ouest du Pakistan, un des gagnants du prix nobel de physique de cette année. Célébration de ses contributions théoriques mondialement connues. Après chaque discours, un petit historique est présenté par Paul Musset. Mention honorable aussi pour l'expérience Gargamelle et ses collaborateurs.

  7. Matching Gift Companies LEHIGH UNIVERSITY 1 Abbott Laboratories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    Foundation Dow Chemical Foundation The Dun & Bradstreet Corporation Foundation The Eaton Charitable Fund Eli AkzoNobel Foundation Albemarle Corporation Alcoa Foundation Alliance Capital Management, LP Alstom-Busch Foundation Aon Foundation ARAMARK Corporation Arch Chemicals, Inc. Armstrong Foundation Astoria Federal

  8. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 9 | MAY 2013 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 259 In northern Europe, spring has finally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    ') in "advancing a clean energy system". The expansion of natural-gas production in the USA in recent years has gas. Energy -- demand, consumption and the consequent impact on climate -- is a global issue. But one Secretary of Energy from Nobel- winning physicist Steven Chu. Moniz is also a physicist, at Massachusetts

  9. The Khorana Program Scientific Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ansari, Aseem Z.

    -12 weeks in summer · Experience research with international lab teams · Join top US undergrads on NSF-REU: An International Scholar Member of the UW faculty 1960-1970 1968 Nobel Prize in Physiology 1. Provide Indian and U.S. students with a transformative international experience 2. Contribute

  10. Large-Scale User Facility Imaging and Scattering Techniques to Facilitate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the advent of computed tomography1. This pioneering work was done by 1979 Nobel Prize winners Godfrey Hounsfield and Allan McLeod Cormack which evolved into the first prototype Computed Tomography (CT) scanner the active user facilities, 1 Computed Tomography and History: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computed_tomography

  11. Nitrogen Deposition in the Southern High Plains Nitrogen is necessary for life on earth, but

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    . As a result, converting dinitrogen to other forms of nitrogen requires a lot of energy to break that bond from the air. Photosynthetic energy in plants and chemical energy in soil microorganisms also can originated from industrial fertilizer production since the early 1900s, when the Nobel Prize-winning German

  12. Polymers: Molecular Structure [A polymer is a very large molecule comprising hundreds or thousands of atoms,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Christopher

    1 Polymers: Molecular Structure [A polymer is a very large molecule comprising hundreds into chain or network structures|The concept of the polymer is one of the great ideas of twentieth century with the name of Hermann Staudinger who received the Nobel Prize in 1953. The influence of the polymer (or

  13. Mobile and remote inertial sensing with atom interferometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Mobile and remote inertial sensing with atom interferometers B. Barrett, P.-A. Gominet, E. Cantin for equivalence principle tests. We also discuss fu- ture applications of this technology, such as remote sensing on laser-cooling and trapping neutral atoms [6, 7, 8, 9, 10] which eventually led to two nobel prizes

  14. than an industry buzzword. In the ten years the agency has presented the Green Chemistry Awards, the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    are working on such heterogeneous catalysts to ensure they can be easily recovered and reused. Just last year of consumers is creating demand for cleaner catalysis, says Virginia Gewin. Basic and applied: companies) and Robert Grubbs shared a Nobel last year for their work on environmentally friendly catalysis. N

  15. ESO 26/08 Instrument Release Under embargo till 4 September 20:00 CEST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hänsch, Theodor W.

    at ESO and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics. It uses ultra-short pulses of laser light for precise spectrographs. The method uses a Nobel Prize-winning technology called a `laser frequency comb accurate rulers to measure lengths correctly. In the present case, the laser provides a sort of ruler

  16. Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and Enrgy Science: A Talk by Carl Wieman

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wieman, Carl

    2008-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Carl Wieman presents a talk at Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics and Energy Science, a scientific symposium honoring Steve Chu, director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics. The symposium was held August 30, 2008 in Berkeley.

  17. Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and Energy Science: Remarks from Steve Chu at the Scientific Symposium Held in his Honor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chu, Steve

    2008-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Steve Chu, director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize, presents a talk at Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics and Energy Science, a scientific symposium in his honor. The symposium was held August 30, 2008 in Berkeley.

  18. Celebration of DOE's 35th Anniversary and the Secretary of Energy's Honor Awards, Keynote Address: Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chu, Steven (U.S. Energy Secretary) [U.S. Energy Secretary

    2012-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Dr. Steven Chu gives a keynote address marking the thirty-fifth anniversary of the Department of Energy (DOE). He highlights outstanding achievements of the Department and its scientists. Several of the Department's many Nobel Prize winners over the years are mentioned.

  19. Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy, and Why It Matters for Global Capitalism

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Robert J. Shiller

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In his lecture, Shiller discusses the premise of his 2009 book, coauthored with the Nobel Prize-winning economist George A. Akerlof. The book discusses how ?animal spirits,? or human emotions such as confidence, fear, and a concern for fairness, drive financial events, including today?s global financial crisis.

  20. A Celebration of Richard Feynman

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In honor of the 2005 World Year of Physics, on the birthday of Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman, BSA sponsored this celebration. Actor Norman Parker reads from Feynman's bestselling books, and Ralph Leighton and Tom Rutishauser, who played bongos with Feynman, reminisce on what it was like to drum with him.

  1. Quantized vortices in BEC and superconductors Department of Mathematics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Qiang

    condensates and more recently in Fermi gas. We will discuss some mathematical analysis and numerical simulations of the quantized vortex nucleations in superconductors and Bose-Einstein condensates and discuss ago in Bose-Einstein condensates (as part of the 2001 Nobel prize winning works of Cornell, Wieman

  2. PHYSIKALISCHES KOLLOQUIUM Sommersemester 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerwert, Klaus

    -NB Superconductivity from Repulsive Interaction Prof. Dr. Andrey V. Chubukov University of Wisconsin, Madison,USA The BCS theory of superconductivity, for which Nobel Prize was given in 1972, named electron and super-conduct. I review recent and not so recent works aiming to understand whether a nominally

  3. Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and Enrgy Science: A Talk by Carl Wieman

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Wieman, Carl

    2011-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Carl Wieman presents a talk at Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics and Energy Science, a scientific symposium honoring Steve Chu, director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics. The symposium was held August 30, 2008 in Berkeley.

  4. ASPB News,Vol. 35, No. 6 11 A Winding Road to a Happy Academic Career

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobin, Elaine

    ASPB News,Vol. 35, No. 6· 11 A Winding Road to a Happy Academic Career by Elaine Tobin Professor that naive!) One of the enjoyable biology courses was taught by Tom Scott, who had been one of Winslow Briggs Nobel Prize winners, and women "obviously" couldn't achieve at that level!) However, luckily for me, I

  5. ICRC 2007: Mrida, Mexico Highlights from the Pierre Auger Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and side-by- side." V.H.Hess, Nobel Lecture, December 1936 #12;2 Argentina Australia Brasil Bolivia* Mexico (stereo ­ low N) ~ 0.2° ~ 1 - 2° ~ 3 - 5° Flat with energy AND E, A, spectral mass and model (M) free slope and M dependent A and M free A and M A and M free dependent Angular Resolution Aperture Energy #12

  6. Superconducting qubit as a quantum transformer routing entanglement between a microscopic quantum memory and a macroscopic resonator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kemp, Alexander; Saito, Shiro; Semba, Kouichi [NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, 3-1 Morinosato Wakamiya Atsugi-shi, Kanagawa 243-0198 (Japan); Munro, William J. [NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, 3-1 Morinosato Wakamiya Atsugi-shi, Kanagawa 243-0198 (Japan); National Institute of Informatics 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo 101-8430 (Japan); Nemoto, Kae [National Institute of Informatics 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo 101-8430 (Japan)

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate experimentally the creation and measurement of an entangled state between a microscopic two-level system (TLS), formed by a defect in an oxide layer, and a macroscopic superconducting resonator, where their indirect interaction is mediated by an artificial atom, a superconducting persistent current qubit (PCQB). Under appropriate conditions, we found the coherence time of the TLS, the resonator, and the entangled state of these two are significantly longer than the Ramsey dephasing time of PCQB itself. This demonstrates that a PCQB can be used as a quantum transformer to address high coherence microscopic quantum memories by connecting them to macroscopic quantum buses.

  7. Vacuum induced Berry phases in single-mode Jaynes-Cummings models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu Liu; L. F. Wei; W. Z. Jia; J. Q. Liang

    2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by the work [Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 220404 (2002)] for detecting the vacuum-induced Berry phases with two-mode Jaynes-Cummings models (JCMs), we show here that, for a parameter-dependent single-mode JCM, certain atom-field states also acquire the photon-number-dependent Berry phases after the parameter slowly changed and eventually returned to its initial value. This geometric effect related to the field quantization still exists, even the filed is kept in its vacuum state. Specifically, a feasible Ramsey interference experiment with cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED) system is designed to detect the vacuum-induced Berry phase.

  8. Observation of interference fringes in Autler-Townes line shapes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, S. R.; Smith, A. V.; Scully, Marlan O.; Fry, Edward

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Observation of interference fringes in Autler-Townes line shapes Steven R. Wilkinson* and Arlee V. Smith Laser, Optics, and Remote Sensing, Department 1128, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1423 and Department... at Sandia National Labo- ratories under DOE Contract No. DE-AC04-94AL85000. M.O.S. would like to thank the ONR, the Welch Foundation, and the TARP for their support. @1# N. F. Ramsey, Phys. Rev. 76, 996 ~1949!. @2# M. M. Salour, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 667...

  9. Application of Advanced Reservoir Characterization, Simulation, and Production Optimization Strategies to Maximize Recovery in Slope and Basin Clastic Reservoirs, West Texas (Delaware Basin), Class III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dutton, Shirley P.; Flanders, William A.

    2001-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this Class III project was demonstrate that reservoir characterization and enhanced oil recovery (EOR) by CO2 flood can increase production from slope and basin clastic reservoirs in sandstones of the Delaware Mountain Group in the Delaware Basin of West Texas and New Mexico. Phase 1 of the project, reservoir characterization, focused on Geraldine Ford and East Ford fields, which are Delaware Mountain Group fields that produce from the upper Bell Canyon Formation (Ramsey sandstone). The demonstration phase of the project was a CO2 flood conducted in East Ford field, which is operated by Orla Petco, Inc., as the East Ford unit.

  10. Application of Advanced Reservoir Characterization, Simulation, and Production Optimization Strategies to Maximize Recovery in Slope and Basin Clastic Reservoirs, West Texas (Delaware Basin), Class III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dutton, Shirley P.; Flanders, William A.; Mendez, Daniel L.

    2001-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this Class 3 project was demonstrate that detailed reservoir characterization of slope and basin clastic reservoirs in sandstone's of the Delaware Mountain Group in the Delaware Basin of West Texas and New Mexico is a cost effective way to recover oil more economically through geologically based field development. This project was focused on East Ford field, a Delaware Mountain Group field that produced from the upper Bell Canyon Formation (Ramsey sandstone). The field, discovered in 9160, is operated by Oral Petco, Inc., as the East Ford unit. A CO2 flood was being conducted in the unit, and this flood is the Phase 2 demonstration for the project.

  11. An N-atom Collective State Atomic Clock with Root-N Fold Increase in Effective Frequency and Root-N Fold Reduction in Fringe Width

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May E. Kim; Resham Sarkar; Renpeng Fang; Selim M. Shahriar

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a collective state atomic clock with Ramsey fringes narrowed by a factor of $\\sqrt{N}$ compared to a conventional clock, N being the number of non-interacting atoms, without violating the uncertainty relation. This narrowing is explained as being due to interferences among the collective states, representing an effective $\\sqrt{N}$ fold increase in the clock frequency, without entanglement. The detection process, which measures a collective state, can be used to increase the quantum efficiency of detection significantly, yielding a net improvement in stability by as much as a factor of 10.

  12. Effects of head-up tilt on mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and regional cardiac output distribution in aging rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, Michael Wiechmann

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    on Mean Arterial Pressure, Heart Rate, and Regional Cardiac Output Distribution in Aging Rats. (December 2005) Michael Wiechmann Ramsey, B.S.; M.A., Sam Houston State University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Michael Delp Many senescent... to extend my gratitude to my friends as well as the faculty and staff that have supported me throughout my studies at Texas A&M University. Thanks also to Dr. Gary Oden who helped instill a love and appreciation of Exercise Physiology. A special thanks...

  13. Rancho Cordova, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: RaghurajiRamgraberRamsey, New

  14. Rancho Mirage, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: RaghurajiRamgraberRamsey, NewMirage,

  15. Rancho Palos Verdes, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: RaghurajiRamgraberRamsey, NewMirage,Palos

  16. Rancho San Diego, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: RaghurajiRamgraberRamsey,

  17. Rancho Santa Fe, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: RaghurajiRamgraberRamsey,California:

  18. Invention and History of the Bubble Chamber (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Glaser, Don

    2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Summer Lecture Series 2006: Don Glaser won the 1960 Nobel Prize for Physics for his 1952 invention of the bubble chamber at Berkeley Lab, a type of particle detector that became the mainstay of high-energy physics research throughout the 1960s and 1970s. He discusses how, inspired by bubbles in a glass of beer, he invented the bubble chamber and detected cosmic-ray muons.

  19. The Origin of Mass and the Feebleness of Gravity

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Frank Wilczek

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BSA Distinguished Lecture presented by Frank Wilczek, co-winner of the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics. Einstein's famous equation E=mc^2 asserts that energy and mass are different aspects of the same reality. The general public usually associates the equation with the idea that small amounts of mass can be converted into large amounts of energy, as in nuclear reactors and bombs. For physicists who study the basic nature of matter, however, the more important idea is just the opposite.

  20. Web 2.0 and Geospatial Convergence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiss, Geoff

    2007-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    © 2005 Autodesk 1 Web 2.0 and Geospatial Convergence Geoff Zeiss, Director of Technology 6th Annual GIS Day @ KU Symposium © 2005 Autodesk 2 Worldwide Challenges © 2005 Autodesk 3 Global Climate Change The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided... is Developing New Technologies © 2005 Autodesk 14 Location-enabling IT GIS Ge ne ral IT Ge ne ral IT Ge osp ati al en ab led 2005 / 2006 Examples: Web search, RDBMS, CAD, architectural design, engineering, … © 2005 Autodesk 15 Open Standards October 2007...

  1. Q&A with Nobelist George Smoot - 2009 BCCP Cosmology Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smoot, George

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    July 2009: What happens when dark matter and anti-dark mattter collide? If you were in a gravity free environment, what would happen to time? At the annual Cosmology Workshop at Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Nobelist George Smoot answers these questions and more from high school students and teachers. Dr. Smoot was co-awarded the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation. http://bccp.lbl.gov/

  2. Q&A with Nobelist George Smoot - 2009 BCCP Cosmology Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George Smoot

    2010-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    July 2009: What happens when dark matter and anti-dark mattter collide? If you were in a gravity free environment, what would happen to time? At the annual Cosmology Workshop at Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Nobelist George Smoot answers these questions and more from high school students and teachers. Dr. Smoot was co-awarded the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation.

  3. Q&A with Nobelist George Smoot - 2009 BCCP Cosmology Workshop

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    George Smoot

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    July 2009: What happens when dark matter and anti-dark mattter collide? If you were in a gravity free environment, what would happen to time? At the annual Cosmology Workshop at Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Nobelist George Smoot answers these questions and more from high school students and teachers. Dr. Smoot was co-awarded the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation.

  4. Fractional frequency instability in the 10{sup -14} range with a thermal beam optical frequency reference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McFerran, John J.; Luiten, Andre N. [School of Physics, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley 6009, W.A. (Australia)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate a means of increasing the signal-to-noise ratio in a Ramsey-Borde interferometer with spatially separated oscillatory fields on a thermal atomic beam. The {sup 1}S{sub 0}{r_reversible}{sup 3}P{sub 1} intercombination line in neutral {sup 40}Ca is used as a frequency discriminator, with an extended cavity diode laser at 423 nm probing the ground state population after a Ramsey-Borde sequence of 657 nm light-field interactions with the atoms. Evaluation of the instability of the Ca frequency reference is carried out by comparison with (i) a hydrogen-maser and (ii) a cryogenic sapphire oscillator. In the latter case the Ca reference exhibits a square-root {Lambda} variance of 9.2x10{sup -14} at 1 s and 2.0x10{sup -14} at 64 s. This is an order-of-magnitude improvement for optical beam frequency references, to our knowledge. The shot noise of the readout fluorescence produces a limiting square-root {Lambda} variance of 7x10{sup -14}/{radical}({tau}), highlighting the potential for improvement. This work demonstrates the feasibility of a portable frequency reference in the optical domain with 10{sup -14} range frequency instability.

  5. History of the Bevatron

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This 1993 documentary chronicles the Bevatron at Berkeley Lab. During its operation from 1954 until 1993, the Bevatron was among the world's leading particle accelerators, and during the 1950s and 1960s, four Nobel Prizes were awarded for work conducted in whole or in part there. The accelerator made major contributions in four distinct areas of research: high-energy particle physics, nuclear heavy-ion physics, medical research and therapy, and space-related studies of radiation damage and heavy particles in space.

  6. Seminar Andrej Sacharov

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A l'occasion de son 63me anniversaire 2 orateurs rendent hommage à A.Sacharov, physicien russe et né à Moscou, pour ses accomplissements scientifiques et son courage. A.Sacharov a dénoncé les dangers de la radioactivité et a tenté de persuader les autorités soviétiques de supprimer une série de test après le developpement de la bombe atomique en 1949 et la bombe à hydrogène en 1953 par un groupe de chercheurs soviétiques. Il a obtenu le prix Nobel en 1975.

  7. Interview of Haroon Ahmed - 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Haroon

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    46:36:01 Imperial College was full of inspiring people; I first came into contact with Dr Boothroyd later to be Professor Boothroyd, and he taught me transistors, which was just coming up then; also there was John Lamb, later to be Head of Electrical... to have his Nobel Prize for holography, who wanted me to stay on and do a PhD with him; I was terrified of him and declined; I did well there; as always afterwards I kept telling people that the basis of engineering is mathematics; if you can do maths...

  8. Enhanced Flux-Pinning Properties in Superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-? Thin Films with Nanoengineering Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsai, Chen-Fong

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    field. This work received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2003. 1.1.6 Discovery of the first cuprate BaxLa5-xCu5O3-y in 19867 In 1986, Georg Bednorz and Alex M?ller at IBM laboratory in Zurich Switzerland were exploring the perovskite materials... layers separated by dopant layers, and supercurrent flows through the copper oxide layers. In 1987, Paul C. W. Chu and M. K. Wu substituted Yttrium for Lanthanum to produce a new perovskite ceramic type-II superconductor- YBa2Cu3O7 7 and raised...

  9. Club of Rome

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Le Club de Rome s'est fait connaître du grand public par la publication du premier ouvrage "Halte à la croissance" qui a fait l'object d'un débat, il y a 2 ans. Le Prof. Tinbergen a commencé par s'adonner à la physique, il est docteur en physique et très tôt il s'est tourné vers les problèmes sociaux économiques. Il est expert auprès des nombreux gouvernements et organisations internationales et il a vu ses travaux couronnés par le prix Nobel en 1969.

  10. BELLE High Energy Physics Experiment at the KEK B-factory: Data and Physics Results for CPV, Rare, DKM, 5S, Charm, Tau, and New Particles

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Belle is a high-energy physics (HEP) experiment that began in 1999 at the KEK B-factory in Japan under the direction of the International Belle Collaboration. The Collaboration was formed around the common interest of clarifying a long standing physics puzzle, that of CP violation. The goal of the experiments was to make a definitive test of the Standard Models predictions for CP violations in the decays of B mesons. The original Belle experiment verified the KM theory, leading to a Nobel prize in 2008 for Kobayashi and Maskawa. Belle II Collaboration is now working on additional discoveries.

  11. Residential Absorption Heat Pump Water Heater | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  12. Residential Cold Climate Heat Pump with Variable-Speed Technology |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  13. Non-U.S. Citizens

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  14. Non-axisymmetric Flows

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  15. Non-destructive Assay improves accountability and safety | Y-12 National

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  16. Non-exclusive patent license agreement between Alliance and company

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  17. Non-wires round table meeting materials, future of Non-wires process evaluation final report 10-30-07

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  18. Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation, as

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  19. Nondisclosure & Material Transfer Agreements | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  20. None Currently | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  1. NERSC Featured Announcements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1AllocationsNOVA Portal: Submit VASPNewCallNobel Lecture

  2. NERSC Featured Announcements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  3. NERSC Featured Announcements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  4. NERSC Featured Announcements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  5. NERSC Reaches Out to Women in Computing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  6. NERSC Releases Mobile Apps to Users

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  7. NERSC Reminiscences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  8. NERSC Scientists Contribute to SC14 Technical Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  9. NERSC Seeks Industry Partners for Collaborative Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  10. Geometric frequency shift for electric dipole searches with trapped spin-1/2 particles in general fields and measurement cells of arbitrary shape with smooth or rough walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steyerl, A; Müller, G; Golub, R

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The important role of geometric phases in searches for a permanent electric dipole moment of the neutron, using Ramsey separated oscillatory field nuclear magnetic resonance, was first investigated by Pendlebury $\\textit{et al.}$ [Phys. Rev. A $\\mathbf{70}$, 032102 (2004)]. Their analysis was based on the Bloch equations. In subsequent work using the spin density matrix Lamoreaux and Golub [Phys. Rev. A $\\mathbf{71}$, 032104 (2005)] showed the usual relation between the frequency shifts and the correlation functions of the fields seen by trapped particles in general fields (Redfield theory). More recently we presented a solution of the Schr\\"odinger equation for spin-$1/2$ particles in circular cylindrical traps with smooth walls and exposed to arbitrary fields [Steyerl $\\textit{et al.}$, Phys.Rev. A $\\mathbf{89}$, 052129 (2014)]. Here we extend this work to show how the Redfield theory follows directly from the Schr\\"odinger equation solution and include wall roughness, cylindrical trap geometry with arbitra...

  11. Stability enhancement by joint phase measurements in a single cold atomic fountain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meunier, M; Geiger, R; Guerlin, C; Alzar, C L Garrido; Landragin, A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a method of joint interrogation in a single atom interferometer which overcomes the dead time between consecutive measurements in standard cold atomic fountains. The joint operation enables for a faster averaging of the Dick effect associated with the local oscillator noise in clocks and with vibration noise in cold atom inertial sensors. Such an operation allows achieving the lowest stability limit due to atom shot noise. We demonstrate a multiple joint operation in which up to five clouds of atoms are interrogated simultaneously in a single setup. The essential feature of multiple joint operation, demonstrated here for a micro-wave Ramsey interrogation, can be generalized to go beyond the current stability limit associated with dead times in present-day cold atom interferometer inertial sensors.

  12. Performance of a 229 Thorium solid-state nuclear clock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazakov, G A; Romanenko, V I; Yatsenko, L P; Romanenko, A V; Schreitl, M; Winkler, G; Schumm, T

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 7.8 eV nuclear isomer transition in 229 Thorium has been suggested as an etalon transition in a new type of optical frequency standard. Here we discuss the construction of a "solid-state nuclear clock" from Thorium nuclei implanted into single crystals transparent in the vacuum ultraviolet range. We investigate crystal-induced line shifts and broadening effects for the specific system of Calcium fluoride. At liquid Nitrogen temperatures, the clock performance will be limited by decoherence due to magnetic coupling of the Thorium nucleus to neighboring nuclear moments, ruling out the commonly used Rabi or Ramsey interrogation schemes. We propose a clock stabilization based on counting of flourescence photons and present optimized operation parameters. Taking advantage of the high number of quantum oscillators under continuous interrogation, a fractional instability level of 10^{-19} might be reached within the solid-state approach.

  13. Performance of a 229 Thorium solid-state nuclear clock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. A. Kazakov; A. N. Litvinov; V. I. Romanenko; L. P. Yatsenko; A. V. Romanenko; M. Schreitl; G. Winkler; T. Schumm

    2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The 7.8 eV nuclear isomer transition in 229 Thorium has been suggested as an etalon transition in a new type of optical frequency standard. Here we discuss the construction of a "solid-state nuclear clock" from Thorium nuclei implanted into single crystals transparent in the vacuum ultraviolet range. We investigate crystal-induced line shifts and broadening effects for the specific system of Calcium fluoride. At liquid Nitrogen temperatures, the clock performance will be limited by decoherence due to magnetic coupling of the Thorium nucleus to neighboring nuclear moments, ruling out the commonly used Rabi or Ramsey interrogation schemes. We propose a clock stabilization based on counting of flourescence photons and present optimized operation parameters. Taking advantage of the high number of quantum oscillators under continuous interrogation, a fractional instability level of 10^{-19} might be reached within the solid-state approach.

  14. Atom interferometry in an optical cavity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul Hamilton; Matt Jaffe; Justin M. Brown; Lothar Maisenbacher; Brian Estey; Holger Müller

    2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose and demonstrate a new scheme for atom interferometry, using light pulses inside an optical cavity as matter wave beamsplitters. The cavity provides power enhancement, spatial filtering, and a precise beam geometry, enabling new techniques such as low power beamsplitters ($modest power, or new self-aligned interferometer geometries utilizing the transverse modes of the optical cavity. As a first demonstration, we obtain Ramsey-Raman fringes with $>75\\%$ contrast and measure the acceleration due to gravity, $\\mathit{g}$, to $60 \\mathrm{\\mu \\mathit{g} / \\sqrt{Hz}}$ resolution in a Mach-Zehnder geometry. We use $>10^7$ cesium atoms in the compact mode volume ($600 \\mathrm{\\mu m}$ $1/e^2$ waist) of the cavity and show trapping of atoms in higher transverse modes. This work paves the way toward compact, high sensitivity, multi-axis interferometry.

  15. 5D relativistic atom optics and interferometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian J. Bordé

    2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This contribution is an update of a previous presentation of 5D matter- wave optics and interferometry with a correction of some algebraic errors. Electromagnetic interactions are explicitly added in the 5D metric tensor in complete analogy with Kaluza's work. The 5D Lagrangian is rederived and an expression for the Hamiltonian suitable for the parabolic approximation is presented. The corresponding equations of motion are also given. The 5D action is shown to cancel for the actual trajectory which is a null geodesics of the 5D metric. This presentation is mainly devoted to the classical aspects of the theory and only general consequences for the quantum phase of matter-waves are outlined. The application to Bord\\'e- Ramsey interferometers is given as an illustration.

  16. Calculation of geometric phases in electric dipole searches with trapped spin-1/2 particles based on direct solution of the Schrödinger equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Steyerl; C. Kaufman; G. Müller; S. S. Malik; A. M. Desai; R. Golub

    2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Pendlebury $\\textit{et al.}$ [Phys. Rev. A $\\textbf{70}$, 032102 (2004)] were the first to investigate the role of geometric phases in searches for an electric dipole moment (EDM) of elementary particles based on Ramsey-separated oscillatory field magnetic resonance with trapped ultracold neutrons and comagnetometer atoms. Their work was based on the Bloch equation and later work using the density matrix corroborated the results and extended the scope to describe the dynamics of spins in general fields and in bounded geometries. We solve the Schr\\"odinger equation directly for cylindrical trap geometry and obtain a full description of EDM-relevant spin behavior in general fields, including the short-time transients and vertical spin oscillation in the entire range of particle velocities. We apply this method to general macroscopic fields and to the field of a microscopic magnetic dipole.

  17. The Classical Bloch Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Frimmer; Lukas Novotny

    2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Coherent control of a quantum mechanical two-level system is at the heart of magnetic resonance imaging, quantum information processing, and quantum optics. Among the most prominent phenomena in quantum coherent control are Rabi oscillations, Ramsey fringes and Hahn echoes. We demonstrate that these phenomena can be derived classically by use of a simple coupled harmonic oscillator model. The classical problem can be cast in a form that is formally equivalent to the quantum mechanical Bloch equations with the exception that the longitudinal and the transverse relaxation times ($T_1$ and $T_2$) are equal. The classical analysis is intuitive and well suited for familiarizing students with the basic concepts of quantum coherent control, while at the same time highlighting the fundamental differences between classical and quantum theories.

  18. Sagnac interferometry with a single atomic clock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, R; Bishop, T; Lesanovsky, I; Fernholz, T

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We theoretically discuss an implementation of a Sagnac interferometer with cold atoms. In contrast to currently existing schemes our protocol does not rely on any free propagation of atoms. Instead it is based on superpositions of fully confined atoms and state-dependent transport along a closed path. Using Ramsey sequences for an atomic clock, the accumulated Sagnac phase is encoded in the resulting population imbalance between two internal (clock) states. Using minimal models for the above protocol we analytically quantify limitations arising from atomic dynamics and finite temperature. We discuss an actual implementation of the interferometer with adiabatic radio-frequency potentials that is inherently robust against common mode noise as well as phase noise from the reference oscillator.

  19. Sagnac interferometry with a single atomic clock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Stevenson; M. Hush; T. Bishop; I. Lesanovsky; T. Fernholz

    2015-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We theoretically discuss an implementation of a Sagnac interferometer with cold atoms. In contrast to currently existing schemes our protocol does not rely on any free propagation of atoms. Instead it is based on superpositions of fully confined atoms and state-dependent transport along a closed path. Using Ramsey sequences for an atomic clock, the accumulated Sagnac phase is encoded in the resulting population imbalance between two internal (clock) states. Using minimal models for the above protocol we analytically quantify limitations arising from atomic dynamics and finite temperature. We discuss an actual implementation of the interferometer with adiabatic radio-frequency potentials that is inherently robust against common mode noise as well as phase noise from the reference oscillator.

  20. First Use of High Charge States for Mass Measurements of Short-lived Nuclides in a Penning Trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Ettenauer; M. C. Simon; A. T. Gallant; T. Brunner; U. Chowdhury; V. V. Simon; M. Brodeur; A. Chaudhuri; E. Mané; C. Andreoiu; G. Audi; J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia; P. Delheij; G. Gwinner; A. Lapierre; D. Lunney; M. R. Pearson; R. Ringle; J. Ullrich; J. Dilling

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Penning trap mass measurements of short-lived nuclides have been performed for the first time with highly-charged ions (HCI), using the TITAN facility at TRIUMF. Compared to singly-charged ions, this provides an improvement in experimental precision that scales with the charge state q. Neutron-deficient Rb-isotopes have been charge bred in an electron beam ion trap to q = 8 - 12+ prior to injection into the Penning trap. In combination with the Ramsey excitation scheme, this unique setup creating low energy, highly-charged ions at a radioactive beam facility opens the door to unrivalled precision with gains of 1-2 orders of magnitude. The method is particularly suited for short-lived nuclides such as the superallowed {\\beta} emitter 74Rb (T1/2 = 65 ms). The determination of its atomic mass and an improved QEC-value are presented.

  1. Application of advanced reservoir characterization, simulation, and production optimization strategies to maximize recovery in slope and basin clastic reservoirs, West Texas (Delaware Basin), Class III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dutton, Shirley P.; Flanders, William A.; Zirczy, Helena H.

    2000-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this Class 3 project was to demonstrate that detailed reservoir characterization of slope and basin clastic reservoirs in sandstones of the Delaware Mountain Group in the Delaware Basin of West Texas and New Mexico is a cost effective way to recover a higher percentage of the original oil in place through strategic placement of infill wells and geologically based field development. Phase 1 of the project, reservoir characterization, was completed this year, and Phase 2 began. The project is focused on East Ford field, a representative Delaware Mountain Group field that produces from the upper Bell Canyon Formation (Ramsey sandstone). The field, discovered in 1960, is operated by Oral Petco, Inc., as the East Ford unit. A CO{sub 2} flood is being conducted in the unit, and this flood is the Phase 2 demonstration for the project.

  2. An optical beam frequency reference with 10{sup -14} range frequency instability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McFerran, J. J.; Hartnett, J. G.; Luiten, A. N. [School of Physics, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, 6009 Western Australia (Australia)

    2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors report on a thermal beam optical frequency reference with a fractional frequency instability of 9.2x10{sup -14} at 1 s reducing to 2.0x10{sup -14} at 64 s before slowly rising. The {sup 1}S{sub 0}{r_reversible}{sup 3}P{sub 1} intercombination line in neutral {sup 40}Ca is used as a frequency discriminator. A diode laser at 423 nm probes the ground state population after a Ramsey-Borde sequence of 657 nm light-field interactions on the atoms. The measured fractional frequency instability is an order of magnitude improvement on previously reported thermal beam optical clocks. The photon shot-noise of the read-out produces a limiting square root {lambda}-variance of 7x10{sup -14}/{radical}({tau})

  3. Direct observation of ultrafast many-body electron dynamics in a strongly-correlated ultracold Rydberg gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nobuyuki Takei; Christian Sommer; Claudiu Genes; Guido Pupillo; Haruka Goto; Kuniaki Koyasu; Hisashi Chiba; Matthias Weidemüller; Kenji Ohmori

    2015-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Many-body interactions govern a variety of important quantum phenomena ranging from superconductivity and magnetism in condensed matter to solvent effects in chemistry. Understanding those interactions beyond mean field is a holy grail of modern sciences. AMO physics with advanced laser technologies has recently emerged as a new platform to study quantum many-body systems. One of its latest developments is the study of long-range interactions among ultracold particles to reveal the effects of many-body correlations. Rydberg atoms distinguish themselves by their large dipole moments and tunability of dipolar interactions. Most of ultracold Rydberg experiments have been performed with narrow-band lasers in the Rydberg blockade regime. Here we demonstrate an ultracold Rydberg gas in a complementary regime, where electronic coherence is created using a broadband picosecond laser pulse, thus circumventing the Rydberg blockade to induce strong many-body correlations. The effects of long-range Rydberg interactions have been investigated by time-domain Ramsey interferometry with attosecond precision. This approach allows for the real-time observation of coherent and ultrafast many-body dynamics in which the electronic coherence is modulated by the interaction-induced correlations. The modulation evolves more rapidly than expected for two-body correlations by several orders of magnitude. We have actively controlled such ultrafast many-body dynamics by tuning the principal quantum number and the population of the Rydberg state. The observed Ramsey interferograms are well reproduced by a theoretical model beyond mean-field approximation, which can be relevant to other similar many-body phenomena in condensed matter physics and chemistry. Our new approach opens a new avenue to observe and manipulate nonequilibrium dynamics of strongly-correlated quantum many-body systems on the ultrafast timescale.

  4. History of the Bevatron

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    LBNL

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This 1993 documentary chronicles the Bevatron at Berkeley Lab. During its operation from 1954 until 1993, the Bevatron was among the world's leading particle accelerators, and during the 1950s and ... This 1993 documentary chronicles the Bevatron at Berkeley Lab. During its operation from 1954 until 1993, the Bevatron was among the world's leading particle accelerators, and during the 1950s and 1960s, four Nobel Prizes were awarded for work conducted in whole or in part there. The accelerator made major contributions in four distinct areas of research: high-energy particle physics, nuclear heavy-ion physics, medical research and therapy, and space-related studies of radiation damage and heavy particles in space.

  5. Julian Schwinger: Nuclear Physics, the Radiation Laboratory, Renormalized QED, Source Theory, and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. A. Milton

    2006-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Julian Schwinger's influence on twentieth century science is profound and pervasive. Of course, he is most famous for his renormalization theory of quantum electrodynamics, for which he shared the Nobel Prize with Richard Feynman and Sin-itiro Tomonaga. But although this triumph was undoubtedly his most heroic work, his legacy lives on chiefly through subtle and elegant work in classical electrodynamics, quantum variational principles, proper-time methods, quantum anomalies, dynamical mass generation, partial symmetry, and more. Starting as just a boy, he rapidly became the pre-eminent nuclear physicist in the late 1930s, led the theoretical development of radar technology at MIT during World War II, and then, soon after the war, conquered quantum electrodynamics, and became the leading quantum field theorist for two decades, before taking a more iconoclastic route during his last quarter century.

  6. The Big Bang, COBE, and the Relic Radiation of Creation (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Smoot, George

    2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Berkeley Lab's George Smoot won the 2006 Physics Nobel Prize, together with John Mather of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, for "the discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation." The anisotropy showed as small variations in the map of the early universe. This research looks back into the infant universe and provides a better understanding of the origin of galaxies and stars. The cosmic background radiation is a tool to understand the structure and history of the universe and the structure of space-time. These observations have provided increased support for the big bang theory of the universe's origin. The Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) NASA satellite, launched in 1989, carries instruments that measured various aspects of cosmic microwave background radiation, and produced the data for these compelling scientific results, which opened up a field that continues very actively today.

  7. A quantitative perspective on ethics in large team science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petersen, Alexander M; Semendeferi, Ioanna

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The gradual crowding out of singleton and small team science by large team endeavors is challenging key features of research culture. It is therefore important for the future of scientific practice to reflect upon the scientists' ethical responsibilities within teams. To facilitate this reflection we show labor force trends in the US revealing a skewed growth in academic ranks and increased levels of competition for promotion within the system; we analyze teaming trends across disciplines and national borders demonstrating why it is becoming difficult to distribute credit and to avoid conflicts of interest; and we use more than a century of Nobel prize data to show how science is outgrowing its old institutions of singleton awards. Of particular concern within the large team environment is the weakening of the mentor-mentee relation, which undermines the cultivation of virtue ethics across scientific generations. These trends and emerging organizational complexities call for a universal set of behavioral norm...

  8. Andrei Sakharov

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Ce discours donné par Mons.Jonauch qui est né en Tchécoslovaquie et a fait ses études à Leningrad, Moscou et Prague, est organisé par le comité Youri Orlov. Le conférencier parle de Andrei Sakharov, ce physicien et homme soviétique qui fit ses études à Moscou, effectua des recherches sur les armes thermonucléaires et entra à l'Académie des Sciences d'URSS en 1953. Il participa à la mise au point de la bombe à hydrogène, mais s'opposa quelques années plus tard à la poursuite des expériences nucléaires. Il créa en 1970 le comité pour la défense des droits de l'homme ce que lui valut le prix Nobel de la paix en 1975.

  9. The supernova cosmology cookbook: Bayesian numerical recipes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karpenka, N V

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretical and observational cosmology have enjoyed a number of significant successes over the last two decades. Cosmic microwave background measurements from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe and Planck, together with large-scale structure and supernova (SN) searches, have put very tight constraints on cosmological parameters. Type Ia supernovae (SNIa) played a central role in the discovery of the accelerated expansion of the Universe, recognised by the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2011. The last decade has seen an enormous increase in the amount of high quality SN observations, with SN catalogues now containing hundreds of objects. This number is expected to increase to thousands in the next few years, as data from next-generation missions, such as the Dark Energy Survey and Large Synoptic Survey Telescope become available. In order to exploit the vast amount of forthcoming high quality data, it is extremely important to develop robust and efficient statistical analysis methods to answer cosmological q...

  10. Falsification of dark energy by fluid mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Carl H

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded for the discovery of accelerating supernovae dimness, suggesting a remarkable change in the expansion rate of the Universe from a decrease since the big bang to an increase, driven by anti-gravity forces of a mysterious dark energy material comprising 70% of the Universe mass-energy. Fluid mechanical considerations falsify both the accelerating expansion and dark energy concepts. Kinematic viscosity is neglected in current standard models of self-gravitational structure formation, which rely on cold dark matter CDM condensations and clusterings that are also falsified by fluid mechanics. Weakly collisional CDM particles do not condense but diffuse away. Photon viscosity predicts superclustervoid fragmentation early in the plasma epoch and protogalaxies at the end. At the plasma-gas transition, the plasma fragments into Earth-mass gas planets in trillion planet clumps (proto-globular-star-cluster PGCs). The hydrogen planets freeze to form the dark matter of galaxies ...

  11. The Dark Energy Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burra G. Sidharth

    2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Some seventy five years ago, the concept of dark matter was introduced by Zwicky to explain the anomaly of galactic rotation curves, though there is no clue to its identity or existence to date. In 1997, the author had introduced a model of the universe which went diametrically opposite to the existing paradigm which was a dark matter assisted decelarating universe. The new model introduces a dark energy driven accelarating universe though with a small cosmological constant. The very next year this new picture was confirmed by the Supernova observations of Perlmutter, Riess and Schmidt. These astronomers got the 2011 Nobel Prize for this dramatic observation. All this is discussed briefly, including the fact that dark energy may obviate the need for dark matter.

  12. Geometric frequency shift for electric dipole searches with trapped spin-1/2 particles in general fields and measurement cells of arbitrary shape with smooth or rough walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Steyerl; C. Kaufman; G. Müller; R. Golub

    2015-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The important role of geometric phases in searches for a permanent electric dipole moment of the neutron, using Ramsey separated oscillatory field nuclear magnetic resonance, was first investigated by Pendlebury $\\textit{et al.}$ [Phys. Rev. A $\\mathbf{70}$, 032102 (2004)]. Their analysis was based on the Bloch equations. In subsequent work using the spin density matrix Lamoreaux and Golub [Phys. Rev. A $\\mathbf{71}$, 032104 (2005)] showed the usual relation between the frequency shifts and the correlation functions of the fields seen by trapped particles in general fields (Redfield theory). More recently we presented a solution of the Schr\\"odinger equation for spin-$1/2$ particles in circular cylindrical traps with smooth walls and exposed to arbitrary fields [Steyerl $\\textit{et al.}$, Phys.Rev. A $\\mathbf{89}$, 052129 (2014)]. Here we extend this work to show how the Redfield theory follows directly from the Schr\\"odinger equation solution and include wall roughness, cylindrical trap geometry with arbitrary cross section, and field perturbations that do not, in the frame of the moving particles, average to zero in time and which, therefore, do not satisfy the prerequisites of the statistical approach based on the spin-density matrix. We show by direct, detailed, calculation the agreement of the results from the Schr\\"odinger equation with the Redfield theory for the cases of a rectangular cell with specular walls and of a circular cell with diffuse reflecting walls.

  13. Generating Entanglement between Atomic Spins with Low-Noise Probing of an Optical Cavity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Kevin C; Greve, Graham P; Thompson, James K

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Atomic projection noise limits the ultimate precision of all atomic sensors, including clocks, inertial sensors, magnetometers, etc. The independent quantum collapse of $N$ atoms into a definite state (for example spin up or down) leads to an uncertainty $\\Delta \\theta_{SQL}=1/\\sqrt{N}$ in the estimate of the quantum phase accumulated during a Ramsey sequence or its many generalizations. This phase uncertainty is referred to as the standard quantum limit. Creating quantum entanglement between the $N$ atoms can allow the atoms to partially cancel each other's quantum noise, leading to reduced noise in the phase estimate below the standard quantum limit. Recent experiments have demonstrated up to $10$~dB of phase noise reduction relative to the SQL by making collective spin measurements. This is achieved by trapping laser-cooled Rb atoms in an optical cavity and precisely measuring the shift of the cavity resonance frequency by an amount that depends on the number of atoms in spin up. Detecting the probe light ...

  14. Generating Entanglement between Atomic Spins with Low-Noise Probing of an Optical Cavity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kevin C. Cox; Joshua M. Weiner; Graham P. Greve; James K. Thompson

    2015-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Atomic projection noise limits the ultimate precision of all atomic sensors, including clocks, inertial sensors, magnetometers, etc. The independent quantum collapse of $N$ atoms into a definite state (for example spin up or down) leads to an uncertainty $\\Delta \\theta_{SQL}=1/\\sqrt{N}$ in the estimate of the quantum phase accumulated during a Ramsey sequence or its many generalizations. This phase uncertainty is referred to as the standard quantum limit. Creating quantum entanglement between the $N$ atoms can allow the atoms to partially cancel each other's quantum noise, leading to reduced noise in the phase estimate below the standard quantum limit. Recent experiments have demonstrated up to $10$~dB of phase noise reduction relative to the SQL by making collective spin measurements. This is achieved by trapping laser-cooled Rb atoms in an optical cavity and precisely measuring the shift of the cavity resonance frequency by an amount that depends on the number of atoms in spin up. Detecting the probe light with high total efficiency reduces excess classical and quantum back-action of the probe. Here we discuss recent progress and a technique for reducing the relative frequency noise between the probe light and the optical cavity, a key requirement for further advances.

  15. Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0-3P1 transition in laser cooled 24Mg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friebe, J; Wübbena, T; Pape, A; Kelkar, H; Ertmer, W; Terra, O; Sterr, U; Weyers, S; Grosche, G; Schnatz, H; Rasel, E M

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform Ramsey-Borde spectroscopy on laser cooled magnesium atoms in free fall to measure the 1S0-3P1 intercombination transition frequency. The measured value of 655 659 923 839 730 (48) Hz is consistent with our former atomic beam measurement. We improve upon the fractional accuracy of the previous measurement by more than an order of magnitude to 7 x 10^-14. The magnesium frequency standard was referenced to a fountain clock of the Physikalisch Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) via a phase-stabilized telecom fiber link and its stability characterized for interrogation times up to 8000 s. Our measurement revealed a new systematic effect due to the movement of atoms across the spectroscopy beams. A remarkable property of this effect is the counterintuitive reduction of residual Doppler shift with increasing resolution. Our theoretical model of the atom-light interaction is in agreement with the observed effect and allows us to quantify its contribution in the uncertainty budget.

  16. Landfill gas cleanup for carbonate fuel cell power generation. CRADA final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steinfeld, G.; Sanderson, R.

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of the work reported here was to evaluate the extent to which conventional contaminant removal processes could be combined to economically reduce contaminant levels to the specifications for carbonate fuel cells. The technical effort was conducted by EPRI, consultant David Thimsen, Kaltec of Minnesota, Energy Research Corporation (ERC) and Interpoll Laboratories. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) made available two test skids originally used to test an ERC 30 kW carbonate fuel cell at the Destec Coal Gasification Plan in Plaquemine, LA. EPRI`s carbonate fuel cell pilot plant was installed at the Anoka County Regional Landfill in Ramsey, Minnesota. Additional gas cleaning equipment was installed to evaluate a potentially inexpensive, multi-stage gas cleaning process to remove sulfur and chlorine in the gas to levels acceptable for long-term, economical carbonate fuel cell operation. The pilot plant cleaned approximately 970,000 scf (27,500 Nm{sup 3}) of gas over 1,000 hours of operation. The testing showed that the process could achieve the following polished gas concentrations. Less than 80 ppbv hydrogen sulfide; less than 1 ppmv (the detection limit) organic sulfur; less than 300 ppbv hydrogen chloride; less than 20--80 ppbv of any individual chlorined hydrocarbon; and 1.5 ppm sulfur dioxide. These were the detection limits of the analytical procedures employed. It is probable that the actual concentrations are below these analytical limits.

  17. Effects of thermal motion on electromagnetically induced absorption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tilchin, E.; Wilson-Gordon, A. D.; Firstenberg, O. [Department of Chemistry, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan IL-52900 (Israel); Department of Physics, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa IL-32000 (Israel)

    2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the effect of thermal motion and buffer-gas collisions on a four-level closed N system interacting with strong pump(s) and a weak probe. This is the simplest system that experiences electromagnetically induced absorption (EIA) due to transfer of coherence via spontaneous emission from the excited state to the ground state. We investigate the influence of Doppler broadening, velocity-changing collisions (VCC), and phase-changing collisions (PCC) with a buffer gas on the EIA spectrum of optically active atoms. In addition to exact expressions, we present an approximate solution for the probe absorption spectrum, which provides physical insight into the behavior of the EIA peak due to VCC, PCC, and the wave-vector difference between the pump and probe beams. VCC are shown to produce a wide pedestal at the base of the EIA peak, which is scarcely affected by the pump-probe angular deviation, whereas the sharp central EIA peak becomes weaker and broader due to the residual Doppler-Dicke effect. Using diffusionlike equations for the atomic coherences and populations, we construct a spatial-frequency filter for a spatially structured probe beam and show that Ramsey narrowing of the EIA peak is obtained for beams of finite width.

  18. Effects of thermal motion on electromagnetically induced absorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Tilchin; O. Firstenberg; A. D. Wilson-Gordon

    2011-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the effect of thermal motion and buffer-gas collisions on a four-level closed N system interacting with strong pump(s) and a weak probe. This is the simplest system that experiences electromagnetically induced absorption (EIA) due to transfer of coherence via spontaneous emission from the excited to ground state. We investigate the influence of Doppler broadening, velocity-changing collisions (VCC), and phase-changing collisions (PCC) with a buffer gas on the EIA spectrum of optically active atoms. In addition to exact expressions, we present an approximate solution for the probe absorption spectrum, which provides physical insight into the behavior of the EIA peak due to VCC, PCC, and wave-vector difference between the pump and probe beams. VCC are shown to produce a wide pedestal at the base of the EIA peak, which is scarcely affected by the pump-probe angular deviation, whereas the sharp central EIA peak becomes weaker and broader due to the residual Doppler-Dicke effect. Using diffusion-like equations for the atomic coherences and populations, we construct a spatial-frequency filter for a spatially structured probe beam and show that Ramsey narrowing of the EIA peak is obtained for beams of finite width.

  19. Application of Advanced Reservoir Characterization, Simulation, and Production Optimization Strategies to Maximize Recovery in Slope and Basin Clastic Reservoirs, West Texas (Delaware Basin)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrew G. Cole; George B. Asquith; Jose I. Guzman; Mark D. Barton; Mohammad A. Malik; Shirley P. Dutton; Sigrid J. Clift

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this Class III project is to demonstrate that detailed reservoir characterization of clastic reservoirs in basinal sandstones of the Delaware Mountain Group in the Delaware Basin of West Texas and New Mexico is a cost-effective way to recover more of the original oil in place by strategic infill-well placement and geologically based enhanced oil recovery. The study focused on the Ford Geraldine unit, which produces from the upper Bell Canyon Formation (Ramsey sandstone). Reservoirs in this and other Delaware Mountain Group fields have low producibility (average recovery <14 percent of the original oil in place) because of a high degree of vertical and lateral heterogeneity caused by depositional processes and post-depositional diagenetic modification. Outcrop analogs were studied to better interpret the depositional processes that formed the reservoirs at the Ford Geraldine unit and to determine the dimensions of reservoir sandstone bodies. Facies relationships and bedding architecture within a single genetic unit exposed in outcrop in Culberson County, Texas, suggest that the sandstones were deposited in a system of channels and levees with attached lobes that initially prograded basinward, aggraded, and then turned around and stepped back toward the shelf. Channel sandstones are 10 to 60 ft thick and 300 to 3,000 ft wide. The flanking levees have a wedge-shaped geometry and are composed of interbedded sandstone and siltstone; thickness varies from 3 to 20 ft and length from several hundred to several thousands of feet. The lobe sandstones are broad lens-shaped bodies; thicknesses range up to 30 ft with aspect ratios (width/thickness) of 100 to 10,000. Lobe sandstones may be interstratified with laminated siltstones.

  20. Gaseous Detectors: recent developments and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxim Titov

    2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Since long time, the compelling scientific goals of future high energy physics experiments were a driving factor in the development of advanced detector technologies. A true innovation in detector instrumentation concepts came in 1968, with the development of a fully parallel readout for a large array of sensing elements - the Multiwire Proportional Chamber (MWPC), which earned Georges Charpak a Nobel prize in physics in 1992. Since that time radiation detection and imaging with fast gaseous detectors, capable of economically covering large detection volume with low mass budget, have been playing an important role in many fields of physics. Advances in photo-lithography and micro-processing techniques in the chip industry during the past decade triggered a major transition in the field of gas detectors from wire structures to Micro-Pattern Gas Detector (MPGD) concepts, revolutionizing cell size limitations for many gas detector applications. The high radiation resistance and excellent spatial and time resolution make them an invaluable tool to confront future detector challenges at the next generation of colliders. The design of the new micro-pattern devices appears suitable for industrial production. Novel structures where MPGDs are directly coupled to the CMOS pixel readout represent an exciting field allowing timing and charge measurements as well as precise spatial information in 3D. Originally developed for the high energy physics, MPGD applications has expanded to nuclear physics, UV and visible photon detection, astroparticle and neutrino physics, neutron detection and medical physics.

  1. Measurement of bitumen viscosity in the room-temperature drop experiment: student education, public outreach and modern science in one

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. T. Widdicombe; P. Ravindrarajah; A. Sapelkin; A. E. Phillips; D. Dunstan; M. T. Dove; V. V. Brazhkin; K. Trachenko

    2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Slow flow of the viscous liquid is a thought-provoking experiment that challenges students, academics and public to think about some fundamental questions in modern science. In the Queensland demonstration, the world-longest running experiment earning the Ig Nobel prize, one drop of pitch takes about 10 years to fall, leading to problems of actually observing the drops. Here, we describe our recent demonstration of slowly-flowing bitumen where appreciable flow is observed on the time scale of months. The experiment is free from dissipative heating effects and has the potential to improve the accuracy of measurement. Bitumen viscosity was calculated by undergraduate students during the summer project. The worldwide access to the running experiment is provided by webcams uploading the images to a dedicated website, enhancing student education experience and promotion of science. This demonstration serves as an attractive student education exercise and stimulates the discussion of fundamental concepts and hotly debated ideas in modern physics research: difference between solids and liquids, the nature of liquid-glass transition, emergence of long time scales in a physical process, and the conflict between human intuition and physical reality.

  2. Calix 2007:9th International Conference on Calixarene Chemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffery Davis

    2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE funds helped support an International Conference, Calix 2007, whose focus was on Supramolecular Chemistry. The conference was held at the University of Maryland from August 6-9, 2007 (Figure 1). The conference website is at www.chem.umd.edu/Conferences/Calix2007. This biannual conference had previously been held in the Czech Republic (2005), Canada (2003), Netherlands (2001), Australia (1999), Italy (1997), USA (Fort Worth, 1995) Japan (1993) and Germany (1991). Calixarenes are cup-shaped compounds that are a major part of Supramolecular Chemistry, for which Cram, Lehn and Pederson were awarded a Nobel Prize 20 years ago. Calixarene chemistry has expanded greatly in the last 2 decades, as these compounds are used in synthetic and mechanistic chemistry, separations science, materials science, nanoscience and biological chemistry. The organizing committee was quite happy that Calix 2007 encompassed the broad scope and interdisciplinary nature of the field. Our goal was to bring together leading scientists interested in calixarenes, molecular recognition, nanoscience and supramolecular chemistry. We believe that new research directions and collaborations resulted from an exchange of ideas between conferees. This grant from the DOE was crucial toward achieving that goal, as the funds helped cover some of the registration and accommodations costs for the speakers.

  3. Physics Results from KTeV (E799-II and E832): The Search for Direct CP Violation in 2 PI Decays and Rare Decays of the Neutral Kaon

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    KTeV includes the study of fundamental symmetries, rare decay processes, weak interactions, and polarization phenomena. A striking asymmetry of our world is the fact that the universe appears to be composed entirely of matter and no astronomical object made of anti-matter has ever been detected. In fact, the only anti-matter we find anywhere is minute quantities produced in high energy particle interactions like those studied at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab). At the time of this experiment, only one other place where an asymmetry of this kind, formally called "CP violation," has been observed. This is a tiny effect (about 1 part in 500) in certain decays of a particular elementary particle called the neutral Kaon. KTeV seeks to determine whether or not this effect can be fully understood in the context of the present picture of matter (the "Standard Model"). To do this, high-precision measurements on decays which are known to manifest CP violation are performed in order to study a variety of extremely rare decay processes.[copied with editing from http://ktev.fnal.gov/public/plain_english.html] This website provides access to numeric data and data plots from published papers. Drs Makoto Kobayashi, Toshihide Maskawa, and Yoichiro Nambu share a 2008 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work in this experiment.

  4. A Year of Exceptional Achievements FY 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    devore, L; Chrzanowski, P

    2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    2008 highlights: (1) Stockpile Stewardship and Complex Transformation - LLNL achieved scientific breakthroughs that explain some of the key 'unknowns' in nuclear weapons performance and are critical to developing the predictive science needed to ensure the safety, reliability, and security of the U.S. nuclear deterrent without nuclear testing. In addition, the National Ignition Facility (NIF) passed 99 percent completion, an LLNL supercomputer simulation won the 2007 Gordon Bell Prize, and a significant fraction of our inventory of special nuclear material was shipped to other sites in support of complex transformation. (2) National and Global Security - Laboratory researchers delivered insights, technologies, and operational capabilities that are helping to ensure national security and global stability. Of particular note, they developed advanced detection instruments that provide increased speed, accuracy, specificity, and resolution for identifying and characterizing biological, chemical, nuclear, and high-explosive threats. (3) Exceptional Science and Technology - The Laboratory continued its tradition of scientific excellence and technical innovation. LLNL scientists made significant contributions to Nobel Prize-winning work on climate change. LLNL also received three R&D 100 awards and six Nanotech 50 awards, and dozens of Laboratory scientists and engineers were recognized with professional awards. These honors provide valuable confirmation that peers and outside experts recognize the quality of our staff and our work. (4) Enhanced Business and Operations - A major thrust under LLNS is to make the Laboratory more efficient and cost competitive. We achieved roughly $75 million in cost savings for support activities through organizational changes, consolidation of services, improved governance structures and work processes, technology upgrades, and systems shared with Los Alamos National Laboratory. We realized nonlabor cost savings of $23 million. Severe fiscal constraints necessitated a major workforce restructuring and reduction.

  5. On Maximum Norm of Exterior Product and A Conjecture of C.N. Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhilin Luo

    2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Let $V$ be a finite dimensional inner product space over $\\mathbb{R}$ with dimension $n$, where $n\\in \\mathbb{N}$, $\\wedge^{r}V$ be the exterior algebra of $V$, the problem is to find $\\max_{\\| \\xi \\| = 1, \\| \\eta \\| = 1}\\| \\xi \\wedge \\eta \\|$ where $k,l$ $\\in \\mathbb{N},$ $\\forall \\xi \\in \\wedge^{k}V, \\eta \\in \\wedge^{l}V.$ This is a problem suggested by the famous Nobel Prize Winner C.N. Yang. He solved this problem for $k\\leq 2$ in [1], and made the following \\textbf{conjecture} in [2] : If $n=2m$, $k=2r$, $l=2s$, then the maximum is achieved when $\\xi_{max} = \\frac{\\omega^{k}}{\\| \\omega^{k}\\|}, \\eta_{max} = \\frac{\\omega^{l}}{\\| \\omega^{l}\\|}$, where $ \\omega = \\Sigma_{i=1}^m e_{2i-1}\\wedge e_{2i}, $ and $\\{e_{k}\\}_{k=1}^{2m}$ is an orthonormal basis of V. From a physicist's point of view, this problem is just the dual version of the easier part of the well-known Beauzamy-Bombieri inequality for product of polynomials in many variables, which is discussed in [4]. Here the duality is referred as the well known Bose-Fermi correspondence, where we consider the skew-symmetric algebra(alternative forms) instead of the familiar symmetric algebra(polynomials in many variables) In this paper, for two cases we give estimations of the maximum of exterior products, and the Yang's conjecture is answered partially under some special cases.

  6. Superacid catalysis of light hydrocarbon conversion. Sixth quarterly report, January 1, 1995--March 31, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gates, B.C. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iron- and Manganese-promoted sulfated zirconia is a catalyst for the conversion of propane, but the rate of conversion of propane is much less than the rate of conversion of butane. Whereas this catalyst appears to be a good candidate for practical, industrial conversion of butane, it appears to lack sufficient activity for practical conversion of propane. Perhaps more active catalysts will be useful for propane conversion. The propane conversion data reported here provide excellent insights into the chemistry of the catalytic conversions; they are consistent with the inference that the catalyst is a superacid and that the chemistry is analogous to. that determined in superacid solutions by G.A. Olah, who was awarded the most recent Nobel Prize in chemistry for his work. The catalyst was tested for conversion of propane at 1 bar, 200--300{degrees}C and propane partial pressures in the range of 0.01--0.05 bar. At 250{degrees}C, catalysis was demonstrated, as the number of propane molecules converted was at least 1 per sulfate group after 16 days of operation in a continues flow reactor. Propane was converted in high yield to butanes, but the conversions were low, for example being only a fraction of a percent at a space velocity of 9.1 {times} 10{sup {minus}7} mol(g of catalysis {center_dot} s) and 250{degrees}C. Coke formation was rapid. The observation of butanes, pentanes, and methane as products is consistent with Olah superacid chemistry, whereby propane is first protonated by a very strong acid to form a carbonium ion. The carbonium ion then decomposes into methane and an ethyl cation which undergoes oligocondensation reactions with propane to form higher molecular weight alkanes. The results are consistent with the identification of iron- and manganese-promoted sulfated zirconia as a superacid.

  7. Electron beam-based sources of ultrashort x-ray pulses.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zholents, A.; Accelerator Systems Division (APS)

    2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A review of various methods for generation of ultrashort x-ray pulses using relativistic electron beam from conventional accelerators is presented. Both spontaneous and coherent emission of electrons is considered. The importance of the time-resolved studies of matter at picosecond (ps), femtosecond (fs), and atttosecond (as) time scales using x-rays has been widely recognized including by award of a Nobel Prize in 1999 [Zewa]. Extensive reviews of scientific drivers can be found in [BES1, BES2, BES3, Lawr, Whit]. Several laser-based techniques have been used to generate ultrashort x-ray pulses including laser-driven plasmas [Murn, Alte, Risc, Rose, Zamp], high-order harmonic generation [Schn, Rund, Wang, Arpi], and laser-driven anode sources [Ande]. In addition, ultrafast streak-camera detectors have been applied at synchrotron sources to achieve temporal resolution on the picosecond time scale [Wulf, Lind1]. In this paper, we focus on a different group of techniques that are based on the use of the relativistic electron beam produced in conventional accelerators. In the first part we review several techniques that utilize spontaneous emission of electrons and show how solitary sub-ps x-ray pulses can be obtained at existing storage ring based synchrotron light sources and linacs. In the second part we consider coherent emission of electrons in the free-electron lasers (FELs) and review several techniques for a generation of solitary sub-fs x-ray pulses. Remarkably, the x-ray pulses that can be obtained with the FELs are not only significantly shorter than the ones considered in Part 1, but also carry more photons per pulse by many orders of magnitude.

  8. SUPPORT FOR CHEMISTRY SYMPOSIA AT THE 2011 AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE MEETING FEBRUARY 17-21, 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prof. Charles Casey, University of Wisconsin-Madison

    2011-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This proposal supported Chemistry Symposia at the 2011 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Meeting in Washington, DC February 17-21, 2011. The Chemistry Section of AAAS presented an unusually strong set of symposia for the 2011 AAAS meeting to help celebrate the 2011 International Year of Chemistry. The AAAS meeting provided an unusual opportunity to convey the excitement and importance of chemistry to a very broad audience and allowed access to a large contingent of the scientific press. Excellent suggestions for symposia were received from AAAS Chemistry Fellows and from the chairs of the American Chemical Society Technical Divisions. The AAAS Chemistry executive committee selected topics that would have wide appeal to scientists, the public, and the press for formal proposals of symposia. The symposia proposals were peer reviewed by AAAS. The Chemistry Section made a strong case to the program selection committee for approval of the chemistry symposia and 6 were approved for the 2011 annual meeting. The titles of the approved symposia were: (1) Powering the Planet: Generation of Clean Fuels from Sunlight and Water, (2) Biological Role and Consequences of Intrinsic Protein Disorder, (3) Chemically Speaking: How Organisms Talk to Each Other, (4) Molecular Self-Assembly and Artificial Molecular Machines, (5) Frontiers in Organic Materials for Information Processing, Energy and Sensors, and (6) Celebrating Marie Curie's 100th Anniversary of Her Nobel Prize in Chemistry. The Chemistry Section of AAAS is provided with funds to support only 1-2 symposia a year. Because of the much greater number of symposia approved in conjunction with observance of the 2011 International Year of Chemistry, additional support was sought from DOE to help support the 30 invited speakers and 8 symposia moderators/organizers. Support for the symposia provided the opportunity to highlight the excitement of current chemical research, to educate the public about the achievements of chemistry and its contributions to the well-being of humankind. The 2011 AAAS Annual Meeting provided an important opportunity to play a prominent role in the global celebration of the 2011 International Year of Chemistry.

  9. Final report : CO2 reduction using biomimetic photocatalytic nanodevices.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia, Robert M.; Shelnutt, John Allen; Medforth, Craig John (University of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM); Song, Yujiang; Wang, Zhongchun; Miller, James Edward; Wang, Haorong

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nobel Prize winner Richard Smalley was an avid champion for the cause of energy research. Calling it 'the single most important problem facing humanity today,' Smalley promoted the development of nanotechnology as a means to harness solar energy. Using nanotechnology to create solar fuels (i.e., fuels created from sunlight, CO{sub 2}, and water) is an especially intriguing idea, as it impacts not only energy production and storage, but also climate change. Solar irradiation is the only sustainable energy source of a magnitude sufficient to meet projections for global energy demand. Biofuels meet the definition of a solar fuel. Unfortunately, the efficiency of photosynthesis will need to be improved by an estimated factor of ten before biofuels can fully replace fossil fuels. Additionally, biological organisms produce an array of hydrocarbon products requiring further processing before they are usable for most applications. Alternately, 'bio-inspired' nanostructured photocatalytic devices that efficiently harvest sunlight and use that energy to reduce CO{sub 2} into a single useful product or chemical intermediate can be envisioned. Of course, producing such a device is very challenging as it must be robust and multifunctional, i.e. capable of promoting and coupling the multi-electron, multi-photon water oxidation and CO{sub 2} reduction processes. Herein, we summarize some of the recent and most significant work towards creating light harvesting nanodevices that reduce CO{sub 2} to CO (a key chemical intermediate) that are based on key functionalities inspired by nature. We report the growth of Co(III)TPPCl nanofibers (20-100 nm in diameter) on gas diffusion layers via an evaporation induced self-assembly (EISA) method. Remarkably, as-fabricated electrodes demonstrate light-enhanced activity for CO{sub 2} reduction to CO as evidenced by cyclic voltammograms and electrolysis with/without light irradiation. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first time to observe such a light-enhanced CO{sub 2} reduction reaction based on nanostructured cobalt(III) porphyrin catalysts. Additionally, gas chromatography (GC) verifies that light irradiation can improve CO production by up to 31.3% during 2 hours of electrolysis. In addition, a variety of novel porphyrin nano- or micro-structures were also prepared including nanospheres, nanotubes, and micro-crosses.

  10. National Synchrotron Light Source 2008 Activity Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nasta,K.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Basic Energy Sciences, the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) is a national user facility that operates two electron storage rings: X-Ray (2.8 GeV, 300 mA) and Vacuum Ultraviolet (VUV) (800 mev, 1.0A). These two rings provide intense light spanning the electromagnetic spectrum -- from very long infrared rays to ultraviolet light and super-short x-rays -- to analyze very small or highly dilute samples. The properties of this light, and the specially designed experimental stations, called beamlines, allow scientists in many diverse disciplines of research to perform experiments not possible at their own laboratories. Each year, about 2,200 scientists from more than 400 universities and companies use the NSLS for research in such diverse fields as biology, physics, chemistry, geology, medicine, and environmental and materials sciences. For example, researchers have used the NSLS to examine the minute details of computer chips, decipher the structures of viruses, probe the density of bone, determine the chemical composition of moon rocks, and reveal countless other mysteries of science. The facility has 65 operating beamlines, with 51 beamlines on the X-Ray Ring and 14 beamlines on the VUV-Infrared Ring. It runs seven days a week, 24 hours a day throughout the year, except during periods of maintenance and studies. Researchers are not charged for beam time, provided that the research results are published in open literature. Proprietary research is conducted on a full-cost-recovery basis. With close to 1,000 publications per year, the NSLS is one of the most prolific scientific facilities in the world. Among the many accolades given to its users and staff, the NSLS has won nine R&D 100 Awards for innovations ranging from a closed orbit feedback system to the first device able to focus a large spread of high-energy x-rays. In addition, a visiting NSLS researcher shared the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for work explaining how one class of proteins helps to generate nerve impulses.

  11. DUSEL Theory White Paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raby, S.; /Ohio State U.; Walker, T.; /Ohio State U. /Ohio State U., Dept. Astron. /Ohio State U., CCAPP; Babu, K.S.; /Oklahoma State U.; Baer, H.; /Florida State U.; Balantekin, A.B.; Barger, V.; /Wisconsin U., Madison; Berezhiani, Z.; /Gran Sasso; de Gouvea, A.; /Northwestern U.; Dermisek, R.; /Princeton U.; Dolgov, A.; /Moscow, ITEP /Ferrara U.; Fileviez Perez, P.; /Wisconsin U., Madison; Gabadadze, G.; /New York U.; Gal, A.; /Hebrew U.; Gondolo, P.; /Utah U.; Haxton, W.; /Washington U., Seattle; Kamyshkov, Y.; /Tennessee U.; Kayser, B.; /Fermilab; Kearns, E.; /Boston U.; Kopeliovich, B.; /Santa Maria U., Valparaiso; Lande, K.; /Pennsylvania U.; Marfatia, D.; /Kansas U. /Maryland U. /Northeastern U. /UC, Berkeley /LBL, Berkeley /Minnesota U. /SLAC /UC, Santa Cruz /SUNY, Stony Brook /Oklahoma State U. /Iowa State U. /Carnegie Mellon U.

    2011-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The scientific case for a Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory [DUSEL] located at the Homestake mine in Lead, South Dakota is exceptional. The site of this future laboratory already claims a discovery for the detection of solar neutrinos, leading to a Nobel Prize for Ray Davis. Moreover this work provided the first step to our present understanding of solar neutrino oscillations and a chink in the armor of the Standard Model of particle physics. We now know, from several experiments located in deep underground experimental laboratories around the world, that neutrinos have mass and even more importantly this mass appears to fit into the framework of theories which unify all the known forces of nature, i.e. the strong, weak, electromagnetic and gravitational. Similarly, DUSEL can forge forward in the discovery of new realms of nature, housing six fundamental experiments that will test the frontiers of our knowledge: (1) Searching for nucleon decay (the decay of protons and neutrons predicted by grand unified theories of nature); (2) Searching for neutrino oscillations and CP violation by detecting neutrinos produced at a neutrino source (possibly located at Brookhaven National Laboratory and/or Fermi National Laboratory); (3) Searching for astrophysical neutrinos originating from the sun, from cosmic rays hitting the upper atmosphere or from other astrophysical sources, such a supernovae; (4) Searching for dark matter particles (the type of matter which does not interact electromagnetically, yet provides 24% of the mass of the Universe); (5) Looking for the rare process known as neutrino-less double beta decay which is predicted by most theories of neutrino mass and allows two neutrons in a nucleus to spontaneously change into two protons and two electrons; and (6) Searching for the rare process of neutron- anti-neutron oscillations, which would establish violation of baryon number symmetry. A large megaton water Cherenkov detector for neutrinos and nucleon decay, located in DUSEL and roughly 20 times the size of current detectors, can perform the first three of these experiments. The last 3 can utilize the unique environment afforded by DUSEL to perform the most sensitive tests to date. Any one of these experiments can greatly increase our knowledge of nature. The Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory (DUSEL), with a Large Megaton Size Detector, is desperately needed to address a set of fundamental issues in particle and astrophysics.

  12. Figures and Data Plots from the Published Papers of the BELLE Experiment at the KEK - B Factory

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    This resource provides more than 300 citations to preprints and papers with the figures from each one pulled out separately for easy access and downloading. These are physics publications. Be sure to also see the page of Technical Journal publications at http://belle.kek.jp/belle/bellenim/index.htm and the lists of conference presentations from 2000 through 2009. Belle is a high-energy physics (HEP) experiment that began in 1999 at the KEK B-factory in Japan under the direction of the international Belle Collaboration. The original Letter of Intent from the Collaboration stated their scientific goal as follows:

    The laws of nature have a high degree of symmetry between matter and antimatter; violations of this symmetry, the so-called CP violations, are only seen as a small effect in the decays of neutral K mesons. Although experimental evidence for CP violation was first observed 30 years ago, we still do not understand how they occur. In 1973, Kobayashi and Maskawa (KM) noted that CP violation could be accommodated in the Standard Model only if there were at least six quark flavors, twice the number of quark flavors known at that time. The KM model for CP violation is now considered to be an essential part of the Standard Model. In 1980, Sanda and Carter pointed out that the KM model contained the possibility of rather sizable CP violating asymmetries in certain decay modes of the B meson. The subsequent observation of a long b quark lifetime and a large amount of mixing in the neutral B meson system indicated that it would be feasible to carry out decisive tests of the KM model by studying B meson decays. Our collaboration has been formed around the common interest of clarifying the long standing physics puzzle of CP violation. Our goal is to make a definitive test of the Standard ModelÆs predictions for CP violations in the decays of B mesons. [Copied, with editing, from Letter of Intent (KEK-Report94-2, April 1994); see http://belle.kek.jp/bdocs/old_publication.html and open the Letter of Intent file]

    That original Belle experiment verified the KM theory, leading to a Nobel prize in 2008 for Kobayashi and Maskawa. Belle II Collaboration is now working on additional discoveries.

  13. National Synchrotron Light Source 2010 Activity Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rowe, M.; Snyder, K. J.

    2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a very exciting period for photon sciences at Brookhaven National Laboratory. It is also a time of unprecedented growth for the Photon Sciences Directorate, which operates the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) and is constructing NSLS-II, both funded by the Department of Energy's Office of Science. Reflecting the quick pace of our activities, we chose the theme 'Discovery at Light Speed' for the directorate's 2010 annual report, a fiscal year bookended by October 2009 and September 2010. The year began with the news that NSLS users Venki Ramakrishnan of Cambridge University (also a former employee in Brookhaven's biology department) and Thomas A. Steitz of Yale University were sharing the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Ada E. Yonath of the Weizmann Institute of Science. Every research project has the potential for accolades. In 2010, NSLS users and staff published close to 900 papers, with about 170 appearing in premiere journals. Those are impressive stats for a facility nearly three decades old, testament to the highly dedicated team keeping NSLS at peak performance and the high quality of its user community. Our NSLS users come from a worldwide community of scientists using photons, or light, to carry out research in energy and environmental sciences, physics, materials science, chemistry, biology and medicine. All are looking forward to the new capabilities enabled by NSLS-II, which will offer unprecedented resolution at the nanoscale. The new facility will produce x-rays more than 10,000 times brighter than the current NSLS and host a suite of sophisticated instruments for cutting-edge science. Some of the scientific discoveries we anticipate at NSLS-II will lead to major advances in alternative energy technologies, such as hydrogen and solar. These discoveries could pave the way to: (1) catalysts that split water with sunlight for hydrogen production; (2) materials that can reversibly store large quantities of electricity or hydrogen; (3) high-temperature superconducting materials that carry electricity with no loss for efficient power transmission lines; and (4) materials for solid-state lighting with half of the present power consumption. Excitement about NSLS-II is evident in many ways, most notably the extraordinary response we had to the 2010 call for beamline development proposals for the anticipated 60 or more beamlines that NSLS-II will ultimately host. A total of 54 proposals were submitted and, after extensive review, 34 were approved. Funding from both the Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health has already been secured to support the design and construction of a number of these beamlines. FY11 is a challenging and exciting year for the NSLS-II Project as we reach the peak of our construction activity. We remain on track to complete the project by March 2014, a full 15 months ahead of schedule and with even more capabilities than originally planned. The Photon Sciences Directorate is well on its way to fulfilling our vision of being a provider of choice for world-class photon sciences and facilities.

  14. APS Science 2009.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibson, J. M; Mills, D. M.; Gerig, R.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is my pleasure to introduce the 2009 annual report of the Advanced Photon Source. This was a very good year for us. We operated with high reliability and availability, despite growing problems with obsolete systems, and our users produced a record output of publications. The number of user experiments increased by 14% from 2008 to more than 3600. We congratulate the recipients of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry-Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (Cambridge Institute for Medical Research), Thomas Steitz (Yale University), and Ada Yonath (Weizmann Institute) - who did a substantial amount of this work at APS beamlines. Thanks to the efforts of our users and staff, and the ongoing counsel of the APS Scientific Advisory Committee, we made major progress in advancing our planning for the upgrade of the APS (APS-U), producing a proposal that was positively reviewed. We hope to get formal approval in 2010 to begin the upgrade. With advocacy from our users and the support of our sponsor, the Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science, our operating budgets have grown to the level needed to more adequately staff our beamlines. We were also extremely fortunate to have received $7.9 M in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act ('stimulus') funding to acquire new detectors and improve several of our beamlines. The success of the new Linac Coherent Light Source at Stanford, the world's first x-ray free-electron laser, made us particularly proud since the undulators were designed and built by the APS. Among other highlights, we note that more than one-quarter of the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers, funded competitively across the U.S. in 2009 by the DOE, included the Advanced Photon Source in their proposed work, which shows that synchrotron radiation, and the APS in particular, are central to energy research. While APS research covers everything from fundamental to applied science (reflected by the highlights in this report), the challenge of sustainable energy provides an opportunity for expanded involvement with industrial research. We were privileged to recruit several outstanding new leaders at the APS. Linda Young, from Argonne's Chemical Sciences Division, became the new Director of the X-ray Science Division (XSD). Chris Jacobsen (from Stony Brook University) has been added to Linda's team as an XSD Associate Division Director, joining George Srajer. Alexander (Sasha) Zholents (formerly of Berkeley Lab) became Director of the Accelerator Systems Division. Sasha is the inventor of the short-pulse x-ray scheme that we plan to implement in the APS-U to obtain very high average brightness, broadband, 1-ps x-ray pulses. Walter Lowe (formerly of Howard University) has taken a new position as senior advisor for outreach and development of the user community. Walter's role is to increase the diversity of the user community (with diversity read broadly to include users, institutions, and technical disciplines that are underrepresented at APS). Walter is also leading an effort to increase access for industrial users. I am confident that we have in place a great team to help our users and the APS take fullest advantage of the APS-U opportunity. In planning with users for the proposed APS-U, we focused on the need to study 'real materials under real conditions in real time' on spatial and temporal scales unavailable today. Only by studying materials as they are made-or as they perform-in difficult environments can we solve the grand challenge of higher-performance, sustainable materials for energy and health. The proposed APS-U will improve the brightness of penetrating x-rays produced by the APS over 100 times, and support our efforts in developing state-of-the-art instruments to address these challenges.

  15. CEEM Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowers, John

    2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The mission of the Center for Energy Efficient Materials (CEEM) was to serve the Department of Energy and the nation as a center of excellence dedicated to advancing basic research in nano-structured materials and devices for applications to solar electricity, thermoelectric conversion of waste heat to electricity, and solidstate lighting. The foundation of CEEM was based on the unique capabilities of UCSB and its partner institutions to control, synthesize, characterize, model, and apply materials at the nanoscale for more efficient sustainable energy resources. This unique expertise was a key source of the synergy that unified the research of the Center. Although the Center’s focus was basic research, It’s longer-term objective has been to transfer new materials and devices into the commercial sector where they will have a substantial impact on the nation’s need for efficient sustainable energy resources. As one measure of the impact of the Center, two start-up companies were formed based on its research. In addition, Center participants published a total of 210 archival journal articles, of which 51 were exclusively sponsored by the DOE grant. The work of the Center was structured around four specific tasks: Organic Solar Cells, Solid-State Lighting, Thermoelectrics, and High Efficiency Multi-junction Photovoltaic devices. A brief summary of each follows – detailed descriptions are in Sections 4 & 5 of this report. Research supported through CEEM led to an important shift with respect to the choice of materials used for the fabrication of solution deposited organic solar cells. Solution deposition opens the opportunity to manufacture solar cells via economically-viable high throughput tools, such as roll to roll printing. Prior to CEEM, most organic semiconductors utilized for this purpose involved polymeric materials, which, although they can form thin films reliably, suffer from batch to batch variations due to the statistical nature of the chemical reactions that produce them. In response, the CEEM team developed well-defined molecular semiconductors that produce active layers with very high power conversion efficiencies, in other words they can convert a very high fraction of sunlight into useful electrical power. The fact that the semiconductor is formed from molecular species provides the basis for circumventing the unreliability of polymer counterparts and, as an additional bonus, allows one to attain much grater insight into the structure of the active layer. The latter is particularly important because efficient conversion is the result of a complex arrangement of two semiconductors that need to phase separate in a way akin to oil and water, but with domains that are described by nanoscale dimensions. CEEM was therefore able to provide deep insight into the influence of nanostructure, through the application of structural characterization tools and theoretical methods that describe how electrical charges migrate through the organic layer. Our research in light emitting diode (LED)-based solid state lighting (SSL) was directed at improving efficiency and reducing costs to enable the widespread deployment of economically-viable replacements for inefficient incandescent, halogen, and fluorescent-based lighting. Our specific focus was to advance the fundamental science and technology of light emitting diodes to both understand factors that limit efficiencies and to provide innovative and viable solutions to the current impediments. One of the main challenges we faced is the decrease in efficiency when LEDs are driven harder to increase light output---the so called “droop” effect. It requires large emitting surfaces to reach a desired optical output, and necessitates the use of costly heat sinks, both of which increase the cost. We successfully reduced droop by growing LED crystals having non-conventional orientations. As recognized by the award of the 2014 Nobel prize to the inventors of the nitride LEDs (one of whom was a member of CEEM), LEDs already have a large societal impact in both developed (l

  16. Computation Directorate 2007 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henson, V E; Guse, J A

    2008-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    If there is a single word that both characterized 2007 and dominated the thoughts and actions of many Laboratory employees throughout the year, it is transition. Transition refers to the major shift that took place on October 1, when the University of California relinquished management responsibility for Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (LLNS), became the new Laboratory management contractor for the Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). In the 55 years under the University of California, LLNL amassed an extraordinary record of significant accomplishments, clever inventions, and momentous contributions in the service of protecting the nation. This legacy provides the new organization with a built-in history, a tradition of excellence, and a solid set of core competencies from which to build the future. I am proud to note that in the nearly seven years I have had the privilege of leading the Computation Directorate, our talented and dedicated staff has made far-reaching contributions to the legacy and tradition we passed on to LLNS. Our place among the world's leaders in high-performance computing, algorithmic research and development, applications, and information technology (IT) services and support is solid. I am especially gratified to report that through all the transition turmoil, and it has been considerable, the Computation Directorate continues to produce remarkable achievements. Our most important asset--the talented, skilled, and creative people who work in Computation--has continued a long-standing Laboratory tradition of delivering cutting-edge science even in the face of adversity. The scope of those achievements is breathtaking, and in 2007, our accomplishments span an amazing range of topics. From making an important contribution to a Nobel Prize-winning effort to creating tools that can detect malicious codes embedded in commercial software; from expanding BlueGene/L, the world's most powerful computer, by 60% and using it to capture the most prestigious prize in the field of computing, to helping create an automated control system for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) that monitors and adjusts more than 60,000 control and diagnostic points; from creating a microarray probe that rapidly detects virulent high-threat organisms, natural or bioterrorist in origin, to replacing large numbers of physical computer servers with small numbers of virtual servers, reducing operating expense by 60%, the people in Computation have been at the center of weighty projects whose impacts are felt across the Laboratory and the DOE community. The accomplishments I just mentioned, and another two dozen or so, make up the stories contained in this report. While they form an exceptionally diverse set of projects and topics, it is what they have in common that excites me. They share the characteristic of being central, often crucial, to the mission-driven business of the Laboratory. Computational science has become fundamental to nearly every aspect of the Laboratory's approach to science and even to the conduct of administration. It is difficult to consider how we would proceed without computing, which occurs at all scales, from handheld and desktop computing to the systems controlling the instruments and mechanisms in the laboratories to the massively parallel supercomputers. The reasons for the dramatic increase in the importance of computing are manifest. Practical, fiscal, or political realities make the traditional approach to science, the cycle of theoretical analysis leading to experimental testing, leading to adjustment of theory, and so on, impossible, impractical, or forbidden. How, for example, can we understand the intricate relationship between human activity and weather and climate? We cannot test our hypotheses by experiment, which would require controlled use of the entire earth over centuries. It is only through extremely intricate, detailed computational simulation that we can test our theories, and simulati

  17. The big and little of fifty years of Moessbauer spectroscopy at Argonne.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westfall, C.

    2005-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Using radioactive materials obtained by chance, a turntable employing gears from Heidelberg's mechanical toy shops, and other minimal equipment available in post World War II Germany, in 1959 Rudolf Moessbauer confirmed his suspicion that his graduate research had yielded ground-breaking results. He published his conclusion: an atomic nucleus in a crystal undergoes negligible recoil when it emits a low energy gamma ray and provides the entire energy to the gamma ray. In the beginning Moessbauer's news might have been dismissed. As Argonne nuclear physicist Gilbert Perlow noted: ''Everybody knew that nuclei were supposed to recoil when emitting gamma rays--people made those measurements every day''. If any such effect existed, why had no one noticed it before? The notion that some nuclei would not recoil was ''completely crazy'', in the words of the eminent University of Illinois condensed matter physicist Frederich Seitz. Intrigued, however, nuclear physicists as well as condensed matter (or solid state) physicists in various locations--but particularly at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Harwell in Britain and at Argonne and Los Alamos in the U.S.--found themselves pondering the Moessbauer spectra with its nuclear and solid state properties starting in late 1959. After an exciting year during which Moessbauer's ideas were confirmed and extended, the physics community concluded that Moessbauer was right. Moessbauer won the Nobel Prize for his work in 1961. In the 1960s and 1970s Argonne physicists produced an increasingly clear picture of the properties of matter using the spectroscopy ushered in by Moessbauer. The scale of this traditional Moessbauer spectroscopy, which required a radioactive source and other simple equipment, began quite modestly by Argonne standards. For example Argonne hosted traditional Moessbauer spectroscopy research using mostly existing equipment in the early days and equipment that cost $100,000 by the 1970s alongside work at the $50 million Zero Gradient Synchrotron (ZGS) and the $30 million Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR) II. Starting in the mid-1990s, Argonne physicists expanded their exploration of the properties of matter by employing a new type of Moessbauer spectroscopy--this time using synchrotron light sources such as Argonne's Advanced Photon Source (APS), which at $1 billion was the most expensive U.S. accelerator project of its time. Traditional Moessbauer spectroscopy looks superficially like prototypical ''Little Science'' and Moessbauer spectroscopy using synchrotrons looks like prototypical ''Big Science''. In addition, the growth from small to larger scale research seems to follow the pattern familiar from high energy physics even though the wide range of science performed using Moessbauer spectroscopy did not include high energy physics. But is the story of Moessbauer spectroscopy really like the tale told by high energy physicists and often echoed by historians? What do U.S. national laboratories, the ''Home'' of Big Science, have to offer small-scale research? And what does the story of the 50-year development of Moessbauer spectroscopy at Argonne tell us about how knowledge is produced at large laboratories? In a recent analysis of the development of relativistic heavy ion science at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory I questioned whether it was wise for historians to speak in terms of ''Big Science'', pointing out at that Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory hosted large-scale projects at three scales, the grand scale of the Bevatron, the modest scale of the HILAC, and the mezzo scale of the combined machine, the Bevalac. I argue that using the term ''Big Science'', which was coined by participants, leads to a misleading preoccupation with the largest projects and the tendency to see the history of physics as the history of high energy physics. My aim here is to provide an additional corrective to such views as well as further information about the web of connections that allows national laboratory scientists working at a variety of scales to produce both technological and