Sample records for rain disdrometer disdrometer

  1. Disdrometer and Tipping Bucket Rain Gauge Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartholomew. MJ

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Distromet disdrometer model RD-80 and NovaLynx tipping bucket rain gauge model 260-2500E-12 are two devices deployed a few meters apart to measure the character and amount of liquid precipitation. The main purpose of the disdrometer is to measure drop size distribution, which it does over 20 size classes from 0.3 mm to 5.4 mm. The data from both instruments can be used to determine rain rate. The disdrometer results can also be used to infer several properties including drop number density, radar reflectivity, liquid water content, and energy flux. Two coefficients, N0 and ?, from an exponential fit between drop diameter and drop number density, are routinely calculated. Data are collected once a minute. The instruments make completely different kinds of measurements. Rain that falls on the disdrometer sensor moves a plunger on a vertical axis. The disdrometer transforms the plunger motion into electrical impulses whose strength is proportional to drop diameter. The rain gauge is the conventional tipping bucket type. Each tip collects an amount equivalent to 0.01 in. of water, and each tip is counted by a data acquisition system anchored by a Campbell CR1000 data logger.

  2. ARM - Field Campaign - Rain Microphysics Study with Disdrometer and

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  3. Dead-time Corrected Disdrometer Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Bartholomew, Mary Jane

    Original and dead-time corrected disdrometer results for observations made at SGP and TWP. The correction is based on the technique discussed in Sheppard and Joe, 1994. In addition, these files contain calculated radar reflectivity factor, mean Doppler velocity and attenuation for every measurement for both the original and dead-time corrected data at the following wavelengths: 0.316, 0.856, 3.2, 5, and 10cm (W,K,X,C,S bands). Pavlos Kollias provided the code to do these calculations.

  4. Rainfall measurement comparison between two types of disdrometers S. Fillon (1), A. Gires (1), I. Tchiguirinskaia (1), D. Schertzer (1), S. Lovejoy (2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    variability on standard comparison tools between radar and rain gauge data. Submitted to Atm. Res. Schertzer D Rainfall point measurements: - Tipping bucket rain gauges (usually 0.2 mm tips) -Disdrometers (binned size rate (Total depth ~ 30 mm) Temporal evolution of N(D) Avg N(D) (m-3mm-1) (in log) = 2.66 = max min

  5. ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E): Multi-Frequency Profilers, Parcivel Disdrometer (williams-disdro)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Williams, Christopher; Jensen, Mike

    This data was collected by the NOAA 449-MHz and 2.8-GHz profilers in support of the Department of Energy (DOE) and NASA sponsored Mid-latitude Continental Convective Cloud Experiment (MC3E). The profiling radars were deployed in Northern Oklahoma at the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Mission (ARM) Southern Great Plans (SGP) Central Facility from 22 April through 6 June 2011. NOAA deployed three instruments: a Parsivel disdrometer, a 2.8-GHz profiler, and a 449-MHz profiler. The parasivel provided surface estimates of the raindrop size distribution and is the reference used to absolutely calibrate the 2.8 GHz profiler. The 2.8-GHz profiler provided unattenuated reflectivity profiles of the precipitation. The 449-MHz profiler provided estimates of the vertical air motion during precipitation from near the surface to just below the freezing level. By using the combination of 2.8-GHz and 449-MHz profiler observations, vertical profiles of raindrop size distributions can be retrieved. The profilers are often reference by their frequency band: the 2.8-GHz profiler operates in the S-band and the 449-MHz profiler operates in the UHF band. The raw observations are available as well as calibrated spectra and moments. This document describes how the instruments were deployed, how the data was collected, and the format of the archived data.

  6. ARM - Campaign Instrument - disdrometer

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  7. ARM - Datastreams - disdrometer

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  8. ARM - Instrument - disdrometer

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  9. Influence of small scale rainfall variability on standard comparison tools between radar and rain gauge data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in revised form 18 October 2013 Accepted 8 November 2013 Rain gauges and weather radars do not measure some usual practice. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Radar­rain gauge comparison are tipping bucket rain gauges, disdrometers, weather radars and (passive or active) sensors onboard

  10. DOE/SC-ARM/TR-079 Disdrometer and Tipping Bucket Rain Gauge

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  11. ARM - Field Campaign - AMIE-Gan Ancillary Disdrometer

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  12. ARM - PI Product - Dead-time Corrected Disdrometer Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  13. Winter Precipitation Microphysics Characterized by Polarimetric Radar and Video Disdrometer Observations in Central Oklahoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Ming

    Observations in Central Oklahoma GUIFU ZHANG AND SEAN LUCHS School of Meteorology, and Atmospheric Radar Research Center, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma ALEXANDER RYZHKOV Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies, Norman, Oklahoma MING XUE School of Meteorology, and Center for Analysis

  14. Evaluation of Cloud-resolving and Limited Area Model Intercomparison Simulations using TWP-ICE Observations. Part 2: Rain Microphysics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Varble, Adam; Zipser, Edward J.; Fridlind, Ann; Zhu, Ping; Ackerman, Andrew; Chaboureau, Jean-Pierre; Fan, Jiwen; Hill, Adrian; Shipway, Ben; Williams, Christopher R.

    2014-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Ten 3D cloud-resolving model (CRM) simulations and four 3D limited area model (LAM) simulations of an intense mesoscale convective system observed on January 23-24, 2006 during the Tropical Warm Pool – International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) are compared with each other and with observations and retrievals from a scanning polarimetric radar, co-located UHF and VHF vertical profilers, and a Joss-Waldvogel disdrometer in an attempt to explain published results showing a low bias in simulated stratiform rainfall. Despite different forcing methodologies, similar precipitation microphysics errors appear in CRMs and LAMs with differences that depend on the details of the bulk microphysics scheme used. One-moment schemes produce too many small raindrops, which biases Doppler velocities low, but produces rain water contents (RWCs) that are similar to observed. Two-moment rain schemes with a gamma shape parameter (?) of 0 produce excessive size sorting, which leads to larger Doppler velocities than those produced in one-moment schemes, but lower RWCs than observed. Two moment schemes also produce a convective median volume diameter distribution that is too broad relative to observations and thus, may have issues balancing raindrop formation, collision coalescence, and raindrop breakup. Assuming a ? of 2.5 rather than 0 for the raindrop size distribution improves one-moment scheme biases, and allowing ? to have values greater than 0 may improve two-moment schemes. Under-predicted stratiform rain rates are associated with under-predicted ice water contents at the melting level rather than excessive rain evaporation, in turn likely associated with convective detrainment that is too high in the troposphere and mesoscale circulations that are too weak. In addition to stronger convective updrafts than observed, limited domain size prevents a large, well-developed stratiform region from developing in CRMs, while a dry bias in ECMWF analyses does the same to the LAMs.

  15. Waving in the rain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavaleri, Luigi; Bidlot, Jean-Raymond

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the effect of rain on wind wave generation and dissipation. Rain falling on a wavy surface may have a marked tendency to dampen the shorter waves in the tail of the spectrum, the related range increasing with the rain rate. Following the coupling between meteorological and wave models, we derive that on the whole this should imply stronger wind and higher waves in the most energetic part of the spectrum. This is supported by numerical experiments. However, a verification based on the comparison between operational model results and measured data suggests that the opposite is true. This leads to a keen analysis of the overall process, in particular on the role of the tail of the spectrum in modulating the wind input and the white-capping. We suggest that the relationship between white-capping and generation by wind is deeper and more implicative than presently generally assumed.

  16. Rain sampling device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nelson, D.A.; Tomich, S.D.; Glover, D.W.; Allen, E.V.; Hales, J.M.; Dana, M.T.

    1991-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention constitutes a rain sampling device adapted for independent operation at locations remote from the user which allows rainfall to be sampled in accordance with any schedule desired by the user. The rain sampling device includes a mechanism for directing wet precipitation into a chamber, a chamber for temporarily holding the precipitation during the process of collection, a valve mechanism for controllably releasing samples of the precipitation from the chamber, a means for distributing the samples released from the holding chamber into vessels adapted for permanently retaining these samples, and an electrical mechanism for regulating the operation of the device. 11 figures.

  17. Rain sampling device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nelson, Danny A. (Richland, WA); Tomich, Stanley D. (Richland, WA); Glover, Donald W. (Prosser, WA); Allen, Errol V. (Benton City, WA); Hales, Jeremy M. (Kennewick, WA); Dana, Marshall T. (Richland, WA)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention constitutes a rain sampling device adapted for independent operation at locations remote from the user which allows rainfall to be sampled in accordance with any schedule desired by the user. The rain sampling device includes a mechanism for directing wet precipitation into a chamber, a chamber for temporarily holding the precipitation during the process of collection, a valve mechanism for controllably releasing samples of said precipitation from said chamber, a means for distributing the samples released from the holding chamber into vessels adapted for permanently retaining these samples, and an electrical mechanism for regulating the operation of the device.

  18. West Texas Rain 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supercinski, Danielle

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tx H2O | pg. 19 West Texas Rain Story by Danielle Supercinski Rainwater, one of the purest sources of wateravailable, is scarce in West Texas. Residentsin this arid land must use all availablemethods of saving water. Rainwater har- vesting, a... in West Texas to educate the public about its potential as an alternative and inexpensive source of high-quality water. Most rainwater harvesting systems in the past were for personal use, but some businesses, industries and public institutions...

  19. ARM - Instrument - rain

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  20. Singin' in the Rain

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  1. Investigating acid rain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A report is given of an address by Kathleen Bennett, Assistant Administrator of Air, Noise and Radiation, Environmental Protection Agency which was presented to the US Senate Committee on the Environment and Public Works. Bennet explained that in view of the many unknowns about acid rain, and the possible substantial cost burden of additional controls, EPA is proceeding with its program to investigate this environmental malady over a 10-year period. The three major areas of the research program are (1) transport, transformation, and deposition processes, (2) effects of acid deposition, and (3) assessments and policy studies. Other issues discussed were global transboundary air pollution and Senate amendments addressing long-range transport. (JMT)

  2. Jack Rains | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jack Rains Jack Rains Oral History Videos Speakers INTRODUCTION Ed Bailey Jim Bailey Kay Bailey Ken Bernander Willard Brock Wilma Brooks Elmer Brummitt Naomi Brummitt Blake Case...

  3. Controlling acid rain : policy issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, James A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The policy and regulatory ramifications of U.S. acid rain control programs are examined; particularly, the alternative of a receptor-oriented strategy as constrasted to emission-oriented proposals (e.g., the Mitchell bill) ...

  4. CHAPTER 13. ACID RAIN Acid rain was discovered in the 19th century by Robert Angus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Daniel J.

    247 CHAPTER 13. ACID RAIN Acid rain was discovered in the 19th century by Robert Angus Smith, a pharmacist from Manchester (England), who measured high levels of acidity in rain falling over industrial decline of fish populations in the lakes of southern Norway and traced the problem to acid rain. Similar

  5. Optical Rain Gauge and Tipping Bucket Rain Gauge Comparisons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  6. Acid rain information book. Draft final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acid rain is one of the most widely publicized environmental issues of the day. The potential consequences of increasingly widespread acid rain demand that this phenomenon be carefully evaluated. Reveiw of the literature shows a rapidly growing body of knowledge, but also reveals major gaps in understanding that need to be narrowed. This document discusses major aspects of the acid rain phenomenon, points out areas of uncertainty, and summarizes current and projected research by responsible government agencies and other concerned organizations.

  7. Rain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, William Joseph

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fire, a woodchip flaring in his cupped palm as he passed. A fireman had come out after Brusher from the entrance of the fire temple across the way. The king summarily returned the enchanted wave of the man-boy, whose longish face became doubly...

  8. WHAT IS A RAIN BARREL? A rain barrel is any type of container used to catch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    or pet consumption. · Due to lack of research data, water collected in a rain barrel is not recommended

  9. WIND/RAIN BACKSCATTER MODELING AND WIND/RAIN RETRIEVAL FOR SCATTEROMETER AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    WIND/RAIN BACKSCATTER MODELING AND WIND/RAIN RETRIEVAL FOR SCATTEROMETER AND SYNTHETIC APERTURE. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology #12;#12;ABSTRACT WIND/RAIN BACKSCATTER MODELING AND WIND- surements, and numerical predicted wind fields (ECMWF), the sensitivity of C-band backscatter measurement

  10. acid rains status: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    48 4 2012318 Soon It's Gonna Rain Biotechnology Websites Summary: 4 2012318 NO1. Soon It's Gonna Rain As climate warms, the atmosphere holds more moisture, and increased...

  11. atlanta urban rain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    54 4 2012318 Soon It's Gonna Rain Biotechnology Websites Summary: 4 2012318 NO1. Soon It's Gonna Rain As climate warms, the atmosphere holds more moisture, and increased...

  12. acid rain stress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    59 4 2012318 Soon It's Gonna Rain Biotechnology Websites Summary: 4 2012318 NO1. Soon It's Gonna Rain As climate warms, the atmosphere holds more moisture, and increased...

  13. acid rain controls: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    66 4 2012318 Soon It's Gonna Rain Biotechnology Websites Summary: 4 2012318 NO1. Soon It's Gonna Rain As climate warms, the atmosphere holds more moisture, and increased...

  14. acid rain impacts: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    63 4 2012318 Soon It's Gonna Rain Biotechnology Websites Summary: 4 2012318 NO1. Soon It's Gonna Rain As climate warms, the atmosphere holds more moisture, and increased...

  15. african equatorial rain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    50 4 2012318 Soon It's Gonna Rain Biotechnology Websites Summary: 4 2012318 NO1. Soon It's Gonna Rain As climate warms, the atmosphere holds more moisture, and increased...

  16. acid rain program: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    54 4 2012318 Soon It's Gonna Rain Biotechnology Websites Summary: 4 2012318 NO1. Soon It's Gonna Rain As climate warms, the atmosphere holds more moisture, and increased...

  17. acid rain control: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    66 4 2012318 Soon It's Gonna Rain Biotechnology Websites Summary: 4 2012318 NO1. Soon It's Gonna Rain As climate warms, the atmosphere holds more moisture, and increased...

  18. Long range transport of acid rain precursors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, James A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A model of the long range transport of primary and secondary pollutants derived by Fay and Rosenzweig (1) is applied to the problem of the transport of acid rain precursors. The model describes the long term average (annual ...

  19. Modelling and Simulating of Rain Derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modelling and Simulating of Rain Derivatives Master thesis Cathrin van Emmerich Supervisor, Februar 2005 Cathrin van Emmerich i #12;Table of Contents Table of Contents ii 1 Introduction 1 2

  20. artificial acid rain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    State 60 4 2012318 Soon It's Gonna Rain Biotechnology Websites Summary: 4 2012318 NO1. Soon It's Gonna Rain As climate warms, the atmosphere holds more moisture, and increased...

  1. acid rain workshop: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Doug 53 4 2012318 Soon It's Gonna Rain Biotechnology Websites Summary: 4 2012318 NO1. Soon It's Gonna Rain As climate warms, the atmosphere holds more moisture, and increased...

  2. alluvial atlantic rain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Also 66 4 2012318 Soon It's Gonna Rain Biotechnology Websites Summary: 4 2012318 NO1. Soon It's Gonna Rain As climate warms, the atmosphere holds more moisture, and increased...

  3. acid rain researchniva: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in rain falling over industrial decline of fish populations in the lakes of southern Norway and traced the problem to acid rain. Similar Jacob, Daniel J. 5 Long range transport...

  4. acid rain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in rain falling over industrial decline of fish populations in the lakes of southern Norway and traced the problem to acid rain. Similar Jacob, Daniel J. 5 Long range transport...

  5. acid rain research: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in rain falling over industrial decline of fish populations in the lakes of southern Norway and traced the problem to acid rain. Similar Jacob, Daniel J. 5 Long range transport...

  6. Original article Effect of simulated acid rain on mycorrhizae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Effect of simulated acid rain on mycorrhizae of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis in the three experiments. In substrata of neutro-basic pH, short-term exposures to acid rain positively affected ectomycorrhizal fungi, in parti- cular, Suillus species. acid rain / mycorrhizae / pH / Pinus

  7. International negotiations on acid rains in Northern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toint, Philippe

    International negotiations on acid rains in Northern Europe: a discrete time iterative process by M on acid rains in Northern Europe: a discrete time iterative process \\Lambda Marc Germain y Philippe L is provided by Kaitala et al. (1995) in the context of the ``acid rain game'' in Northern Europe, that is

  8. Climatology of extreme rainfall from rain gauges and weather radar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    by conventional rain gauge networks. A 10-year radar-based climatology of rainfall depths for durations of 15 minClimatology of extreme rainfall from rain gauges and weather radar Aart Overeem #12;Thesis:30 PM in the Aula #12;Aart Overeem Climatology of extreme rainfall from rain gauges and weather radar

  9. The greenhouse effect and acid rain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Traeger, R.K.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxides and chlorofluorocarbons is increasing in the earth's atmosphere. Increased concentrations of these trace gases could lead to global warming, increased acid rain and increased UV radiation on the earth's surface; however, the actual impacts are still uncertain and are also the subject of great debate. Application of clean'' energy sources such as geothermal are obviously desirable for decreasing these effects and improving our overall general environment. This paper briefly summarizes the global environment concerns, providing a backdrop for the following papers which describe the geothermal role in future environmental considerations. 5 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Rain Machine (Solar Still) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of ContaminationHubs+18, 2012 Qualified11 Connecticut2 of 3)the Office98Rain Machine

  11. Comparing TRMM rainfall retrieval with NOAA buoy rain gauge data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Amy Blackmore

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to December of 2001. TRMM's 3G68 product provides instantaneous rain rate data averaged over 0.5? x 0.5? latitude-longitude grid boxes for the TRMM Microwave Imager (TMI), Precipitation Radar (PR), and a combined algorithm (COMB). The buoy's rain rate data...

  12. Sulfur controls edge closer in acid-rain debate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The role of airborne sulfur emissions from midwestern and southern coal-fired power plants in exacerbating the acid rain problem is discussed. This problem is discussed from the standpoint of legislation, compliance costs, scrubber performance and cost, and chemistry of acid rains.

  13. Stellar mixing length theory with entropy rain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandenburg, Axel

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stellar mixing length theory is modified to include the effects of a nongradient term that originates from the motion of convective elements with entropy perturbations of either sign. It is argued that such a term, first studied by Deardorff in the meteorological context, represents the effects of thin intense downdrafts caused by the rapid cooling in the granulation layer at the top of the convection zone. They transport heat nonlocally, as originally anticipated by Spruit in the 1990s, who describes the convection in the strongly stratified simulations of Stein & Nordlund as entropy rain. Although our model has ill-determined free parameters, it demonstrates that solutions can be found that look similar to the original ones, except that the deeper layers are now Schwarzschild stable, so no giant cells are produced and the typical convective scale is that of granules even at larger depth. Consequences for modeling solar differential, the global dynamo, and sunspots are briefly discussed.

  14. THE MAGIC FIELD CAMPAIGN IN THE EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC E. R. Lewis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    at the 7th International Scientific Conference on the Global Water and Energy Cycle, the Hague, Netherlands (Atmospheric Radiation Measurement) Climate Research Facility of the US Department of Energy, occurred between radars, lidars, a ceilometer, microwave radiometers, a total sky imager, disdrometers, and other

  15. Dimethyl sulfide in the Amazon rain forest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jardine, Kolby; Yanez-Serrano, A. M.; Williams, J.; Kunert, N.; Jardine, A.; Taylor, T.; Abrell, L.; Artaxo, Paulo; Guenther, Alex B.; Hewitt, C. N.; House, E.; Florentino, A. P.; Manzi, A.; Higuchi, N.; Kesselmeier, J.; Behrendt, T.; Veres, P. R.; Derstroff, B.; Fuentes, J.; Martin, Scot T.; Andreae, M. O.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Surface-to-atmosphere emissions of dimethyl sulfide (DMS) may impact global climate 44 through the formation of gaseous sulfuric acid, which can yield secondary sulfate 45 aerosols and contribute to new particle formation. While oceans are generally 46 considered the dominant source of DMS, a shortage of ecosystem observations prevents 47 an accurate analysis of terrestrial DMS sources. Using mass spectrometry, we quantified 48 ambient DMS mixing ratios within and above a primary rainforest ecosystem in the 49 central Amazon Basin in real-time (2010-2011) and at high vertical resolution (2013-50 2014). Elevated but highly variable DMS mixing ratios were observed within the 51 canopy, showing clear evidence of a net ecosystem source to the atmosphere during 52 both day and night in both the dry and wet seasons. Periods of high DMS mixing ratios 53 lasting up to 8 hours (up to 160 ppt) often occurred within the canopy and near the 54 surface during many evenings and nights. Daytime gradients showed mixing ratios (up 55 to 80 ppt) peaking near the top of the canopy as well as near the ground following a rain 56 event. The spatial and temporal distribution of DMS suggests that ambient levels and 57 their potential climatic impacts are dominated by local soil and plant emissions. A soil 58 source was confirmed by measurements of DMS emission fluxes from Amazon soils as 59 a function of temperature and soil moisture. Furthermore, light and temperature 60 dependent DMS emissions were measured from seven tropical tree species. Our study 61 has important implications for understanding terrestrial DMS sources and their role in 62 coupled land-atmosphere climate feedbacks. 63

  16. Relation between hydrogen isotopic ratios of bone collagen and rain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cormie, A.B.; Schwarcz, H.P. (McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada)); Gray, J. (Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton (Canada))

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The hydrogen isotopic value ([delta]D) of deer bone collagen is related to both [delta]D of rain during the growing season and growing season relative humidity (RH). With correction for the effects of RH, bone [delta]D is related to growing season rain [delta]D in a simple manner with a slope of 1.0. This indicates that, with RH correction, there are no additional sources of bias in the [delta]D of bone due to unaccounted for biologic or climatic effects. Due to a low sensitivity of bone [delta]D to RH effects, both yearly and growing season rain [delta]D can be estimated with considerable accuracy (R = 0.97 and R = 0.96) from bone collagen [delta]D and [delta][sup 15]N. Here, [delta][sup 15]N is used to correct bone [delta]D for the effects of RH. From these estimates of rain [delta]D, it may then be possible to evaluate temperature since the [delta]D of rain primarily reflects local temperature. Therefore, the measurement of bone collagen [delta]D has good potential for evaluating paleoclimates.

  17. acid rain effects: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    acid rain effects First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Original article Effect of simulated...

  18. Atmospheric deposition of ^Be by rain events, in central Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

    Atmospheric deposition of ^Be by rain events, in central Argentina Juri Ayub, J. , Di Gregorio, B Aplicada San Luis. UniversidadNacional de San Luis - CONICET. Ejercito de los Andes 950. Argentina. 2 Buenos Aires, Argentina 3. Escuela de Cienciay Tecnologia, Universidad Nacional de San Martin. Martin de

  19. Ten utilities receive acid rain bonus allowances from EPA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently awarded 1,349 acid rain bonus allowances to ten utilities for energy efficiency and renewable energy measures. An allowance licensesthee emission of one ton of sulfur dioxide. A limited number of allowances are allocated to utilities to ensure that emissions will be cut to less than 9 million tons per year.

  20. CHOOSING A TRADING COUNTERPART IN THE U.S. ACID RAIN MARKET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    CHOOSING A TRADING COUNTERPART IN THE U.S. ACID RAIN MARKET María Eugenia SANIN November 2009 COUNTERPART IN THE U.S. ACID RAIN MARKET María Eugenia SANIN1 November 2009 Cahier n° 2009-49 Abstract as the "Acid Rain Program". Its name refers to the acid rain provoked in certain areas of the U.S. due to SO2

  1. The development of winter hardiness of pine and spruce seedlings in a simulated acid rain experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The development of winter hardiness of pine and spruce seedlings in a simulated acid rain-April, when the starch grains again appeared (Fig. 4). The exposure to acid rain did not significantly affect.g., Davison and Barnes, 1986; Freer- Smith and Mansfield, 1987). However, the effects of acid rain on conifer

  2. Atmospheric Environment 36 (2002) 503509 Trend of acid rain and neutralization by yellow sand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atmospheric Environment 36 (2002) 503­509 Trend of acid rain and neutralization by yellow sand 2001; accepted 11 April 2001 Abstract Acid rain and its neutralization by yellow sand in East Asia were was obtained. Firstly, the trend of the acid rain in East Asia due to the rapid increase of Chinese pollutants

  3. ECOS Inquiries Series -University of Montana Effect of Acid Rain on the Ability of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewer, Carol

    1 ECOS Inquiries Series - University of Montana Effect of Acid Rain on the Ability of Soil Microbes OF ACID RAIN ON THE ABILITY OF SOIL MICROBES TO DECOMPOSE ORGANIC NITROGEN 3. GOALS AND OBJECTIVES: a ecosystems. One well known example of this is the production of acid rain due to certain air pollutants

  4. Neutralization of soil aerosol and its impact on the distribution of acid rain over east Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neutralization of soil aerosol and its impact on the distribution of acid rain over east Asia on the distribution of acid rain over east Asia. A modified deflation module is designed to provide explicit, and the distribution pattern of acid rain was also altered. The annual mean pH values in northern China and Korea show

  5. Acid rain-the GEGB view G. D. HowellsandA. S. Kallend

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    Acid rain-the GEGB view G. D. HowellsandA. S. Kallend The article by John Franks (CJ'ern. -B conceh wirh acid rain follows thal policy In 1972.when Swedenput hs Case study on acid tain ro rhe United.Leatherhead,Sury Kr22 7SE. to acid rain,which does not justify th6 conlidenceshown by Franks. 'Acid in

  6. An iterative process for international negociations on acid rain in Northern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toint, Philippe

    An iterative process for international negociations on acid rain in Northern Europe using a general 138.48.4.14) #12; An iterative process for international negotiations on acid rain in Northern Europe transboundary pollution problem related to acid rain in Northern Europe. This simulation shows the need

  7. The Power of Rain: Rainfall Variability and Erosion in Cape Verde

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jetten, Victor

    . Tom Veldkamp University of Twente ITC dissertation number 217 ITC, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands ISBN: 978­90­6164­343­2 Printed by: ITC Printing Department, Enschede, The Netherlands © Juan rain has spoken, holds and beats inside my heart The friend rain Old Mom the rain That for so long did

  8. A General Systems Theory for Rain Formation in Warm Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Selvam

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A cumulus cloud model which can explain the observed characteristics of warm rain formation in monsoon clouds is presented. The model is based on classical statistical physical concepts and satisfies the principle of maximum entropy production. Atmospheric flows exhibit selfsimilar fractal fluctuations that are ubiquitous to all dynamical systems in nature, such as physical, chemical, social, etc and are characterized by inverse power law form for power (eddy energy) spectrum signifying long-range space-time correlations. A general systems theory model for atmospheric flows developed by the author is based on the concept that the large eddy energy is the integrated mean of enclosed turbulent (small scale) eddies. This model gives scale-free universal governing equations for cloud growth processes. The model predicted cloud parameters are in agreement with reported observations, in particular, the cloud dropsize distribution. Rain formation can occur in warm clouds within 30minutes lifetime under favourable conditions of moisture supply in the environment.

  9. 1984 issues: gas decontrol, energy tax, acid rain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Betts, M.

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy analysts predict that Congress will propose a limited natural gas deregulation bill, an energy tax to offset budget deficits, and acid rain legislation that will focus on scrubber requirements for boilers. Politics will play an important role in whether legislation materializes since Democrats generally favor federal conservation programs and Republicans want to speed up deregulation. The November election will indicate which direction Congress will lean. (DCK)

  10. A little rain doesn't fix it: Farmers and ranchers remain cautious as drought continues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalisek, Danielle

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A little rain doesn?t fix it Farmers and ranchers remain cautious as drought continues Summer 2012 tx H2O 11 ] Story by Danielle Kalisek Rains in the Brazos Valley early in 2012 helped this grass green up, but more rains are needed now... to help warm-season grasses. Photo by Danielle Kalisek. This might sound like a broken record, but it still rings true: Last year?s drought was historic the worst one-year drought in Texas? history. #31;ough recent rains in some parts of the state...

  11. Acid rain control strategists overlook dust removal benefits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various strategies for controlling acid rain by reducing SO{sub 2} from existing utilities have failed to take into account the incidental particulate removal abilities of SO{sub 2} scrubbers. This has resulted in over-estimating the costs of acid rain control by 25% or more. This oversight has also caused utilities to invest in preliminary engineering of precipitator upgrades which will never have to be made if scrubbers are installed. While it seems inexplicable that a factor of this importance could have been overlooked by the industry, it is because of the unique situation in old U.S. utility power plants. These plants have relatively inefficient particulate control equipment which is not subject to new source performance standards. New power plants incorporate highly efficient particulate control devices so the ability of the downstream scrubbers to remove dust is irrelevant. The very small amount of particulate entering the scrubber from a highly efficient precipitator could be offset by escaping sulfate particles from a poorly operated scrubber. So an informal guideline was established to indicate that the scrubber had no overall effect on particulate emissions. The industry has generalized upon this guideline when, in fact, it only applies to new plants. The McIlvaine Company in its FGD Knowledge Network has thoroughly documented evidence that SO{sub 2} scrubbers will remove as much as 95% of the particulate being emitted from the relatively low efficiency precipitators operating on the nations existing coal-fired power plants.

  12. Rain splash of dry sand revealed by high-speed imaging and sticky paper splash targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rain splash of dry sand revealed by high-speed imaging and sticky paper splash targets David Jon by raindrop impacts. We use high-speed imaging of drop impacts on dry sand to describe the drop (2007), Rain splash of dry sand revealed by high-speed imaging and sticky paper splash targets, J

  13. On the infiltration of rain water through the soil with runo# of the excess water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fasano, Antonio

    On the infiltration of rain water through the soil with runo# of the excess water Iacopo Borsi '' Viale Morgagni 67/A, 50134 Firenze, Italy Abstract This paper deals with the modelling of the rain water infiltration through the soil above the aquifer in case of runo# of the excess water. The main feature

  14. Influence of concrete fracture on the rain infiltration and thermal performance of building facades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influence of concrete fracture on the rain infiltration and thermal performance of building facades., Foray G., Roux J.-J., 2013. Influence of concrete fracture on the rain infiltration and thermal is to be accounted for in long-term hygrothermal performance as- sessments of the building envelope. The present work

  15. Multicriteria design of rain gauge networks for flash flood prediction in semiarid catchments with complex terrain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Troch, Peter

    events. Using weather radar observations and a dense network of 40 tipping bucket rain gauges, this studyMulticriteria design of rain gauge networks for flash flood prediction in semiarid catchments. [1] Despite the availability of weather radar data at high spatial (1 km2 ) and temporal (5­15 min

  16. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Benefits of Installing Additional Rain Sensors within the UBC Irrigation System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Additional Rain Sensors within the UBC Irrigation System Michael Thiessen, Chelsie Drysdale University of Installing Additional Rain Sensors within the UBC Irrigation System A Business Case Analysis Prepared for: Dr................................................................................................................................................................... 5 DESCRIPTION OF CURRENT UBC IRRIGATION WATER USE

  17. Isotopic evidence for source changes of nitrate in rain at Bermuda Meredith Galanter Hastings and Daniel M. Sigman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sigman, Daniel M.

    ), or nitrate (NO3 Ă? ), is a significant contributor to acid rain, an important species in marineIsotopic evidence for source changes of nitrate in rain at Bermuda Meredith Galanter Hastings O is 68.6% and 76.9% (versus Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water). The few cool season rain events

  18. IMPROVED MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING OF HURRICANE WIND SPEED AND RAIN RATES USING THE HURRICANE IMAGING RADIOMETER (HIRAD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruf, Christopher

    IMPROVED MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING OF HURRICANE WIND SPEED AND RAIN RATES USING THE HURRICANE) that measures wind speed and rain rate along the ground track directly beneath the aircraft. This paper presents are presented, which illustrate wind speed and rain rate measurement spatial resolutions and swath coverage. 1

  19. Summary of EPIC-2001 Rain Map Files EPIC Rainmap files were generated using all surveillance scans (3 tilt, full PPI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    information about the rain map cartesian grid and data values of radar reflectivity (dBZ) and rain rate (mm hrSummary of EPIC-2001 Rain Map Files EPIC Rainmap files were generated using all surveillance scans of the surveillance radar scan in UTC. The gif file (1) shows a 1-km height map (CAPPI) of rainfall intensity (mm hr-1

  20. The multi-thermal and multi-stranded nature of coronal rain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antolin, P; Pereira, T M D; van der Voort, L Rouppe; Scullion, E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we analyse coordinated observations spanning chromospheric, TR and coronal temperatures at very high resolution which reveal essential characteristics of thermally unstable plasmas. Coronal rain is found to be a highly multi-thermal phenomenon with a high degree of co-spatiality in the multi-wavelength emission. EUV darkening and quasi-periodic intensity variations are found to be strongly correlated to coronal rain showers. Progressive cooling of coronal rain is observed, leading to a height dependence of the emission. A fast-slow two-step catastrophic cooling progression is found, which may reflect the transition to optically thick plasma states. The intermittent and clumpy appearance of coronal rain at coronal heights becomes more continuous and persistent at chromospheric heights just before impact, mainly due to a funnel effect from the observed expansion of the magnetic field. Strong density inhomogeneities on spatial scales of 0.2"-0.5" are found, in which TR to chromospheric temperature ...

  1. Analysis of TRMM Precipitation Radar Algorithms and Rain over the Tropics and Southeast Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Funk, Aaron

    2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    rates associated with the attenuation-corrected reflectivity. Updates to the 2A23 algorithm for Version 7 (V7) have resulted in an increase (decrease) in the fraction of rain echo classified as convective (stratiform) compared with previous versions...

  2. Allowance trading activity and state regulatory rulings : evidence from the U.S. Acid Rain Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Elizabeth M.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Acid Rain Program is one of the first, and by far the most extensive, applications of a market based approach to pollution control. From the beginning, there has been concern whether utilities would participate ...

  3. Allowance trading activity and state regulatory rulings : evidence from the U.S. Acid Rain Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Elizabeth M.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Acid Rain Program is one of the first, and by far the most extensive, applications of a market based approach to pollution control. From the beginning, there has been concern whether utilities would participate ...

  4. Acid Rain Program 2 0 0 5 P R O G R E S S R E P O R T

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Acid Rain Program 2 0 0 5 P R O G R E S S R E P O R T #12;Acid Rain Program 2005 Progress Report....................................................................................................2 Origins of the Acid Rain Program ................................................................4 Quantifying Costs and Benefits of the Acid Rain Program...........................24 Further National Controls

  5. Morphology of rain water channelization in systematically varied model sandy soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Wei; C. M. Cejas; R. Barrois; R. Dreyfus; D. J. Durian

    2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We visualize the formation of fingered flow in dry model sandy soils under different raining conditions using a quasi-2d experimental set-up, and systematically determine the impact of soil grain diameter and surface wetting property on water channelization phenomenon. The model sandy soils we use are random closely-packed glass beads with varied diameters and surface treatments. For hydrophilic sandy soils, our experiments show that rain water infiltrates into a shallow top layer of soil and creates a horizontal water wetting front that grows downward homogeneously until instabilities occur to form fingered flows. For hydrophobic sandy soils, in contrast, we observe that rain water ponds on the top of soil surface until the hydraulic pressure is strong enough to overcome the capillary repellency of soil and create narrow water channels that penetrate the soil packing. Varying the raindrop impinging speed has little influence on water channel formation. However, varying the rain rate causes significant changes in water infiltration depth, water channel width, and water channel separation. At a fixed raining condition, we combine the effects of grain diameter and surface hydrophobicity into a single parameter and determine its influence on water infiltration depth, water channel width, and water channel separation. We also demonstrate the efficiency of several soil water improvement methods that relate to rain water channelization phenomenon, including pre-wetting sandy soils at different level before rainfall, modifying soil surface flatness, and applying superabsorbent hydrogel particles as soil modifiers.

  6. Integrated Title V/acid rain permits: Transitioning through initial permit issuance and reopenings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloomfield, C. [Environmental Protection Agency, San Francisco, CA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Titles IV and V of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (Act or CAA) created two new stationary source permitting programs, one specific to acid rain (Title IV), and a second for operating permits in general (Title V). The Phase 2 portion of the acid rain program was designed to be implemented through the Title V operating permit program, thereby subjecting all Phase 2 acid rain sources to the requirements of Title V. Permits issued pursuant to Phase 2 of the acid rain program will be viewed as a self-contained portion of the Title V operating permit and will be governed by regulations promulgated under both Title IV and Title V. The requirements imposed by Title IV may not always be consistent with the broader operating permit program requirements of Title V, and when inconsistency occurs, the acid rain requirements will take precedence. This nonalignment will perhaps be most apparent during two stages of initial permitting: (1) the transition period following Title V program approval when permit application, issuance, and effective dates differ between the two programs, and (2) at the point when acid rain permits must be reopened to incorporate Phase 2 NO{sub x} requirements. This paper explores strategies for streamlining implementation of the two programs with particular focus on these two coordination issues.

  7. On the Differences in Storm Rainfall from Hurricanes Isidore and Lili. Part I: Satellite Observations and Rain Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Haiyan

    and freshwater flooding is the number one cause of death from hurricanes in the United States (Elsberry 2002 1998­2000, Lonfat et al. (2004) showed that the maximum azimuthally averaged rainfall rate is about 12. of rain (24 h) 1 ] and Tropical Storm Allison (2001, $6 billion in damages, 27 deaths, 35­40 in. of rain

  8. Rain Garden construction in Monmouth County has accelerated consid-erably since the early planning days in 2003 with our local Watershed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Robert M.

    and shore tour- ism industry came from people pollution Sunny Days for Rain Gardens -- Progress towardsRain Garden construction in Monmouth County has accelerated consid- erably since the early planning

  9. HURRICANE IMAGING RADIOMETER WIND SPEED AND RAIN RATE RETRIEVAL: [PART-1] DEVELOPMENT OF AN IMPROVED OCEAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruf, Christopher

    HURRICANE IMAGING RADIOMETER WIND SPEED AND RAIN RATE RETRIEVAL: [PART-1] DEVELOPMENT U.S.A * selnimri@mail.ucf.edu 2 NOAA/AOML/Hurricane Research Division, Miami, Florida, USA 3 Space model has been developed to support the analysis and design of the new airborne Hurricane Imaging

  10. Tellus(1985),37A, 209-232 Fractal propertiesof rain, and a fractal model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovejoy, Shaun

    t i.."* i.. j lv Tellus(1985),37A, 209-232 Fractal propertiesof rain, and a fractal model By S with other approaches. The theory of fractals has been in part motivated by the Hurst effect, which is an empirical observationin hydrology and climatology. A fractal is an unsmooth shapethat is scaling,that is

  11. Tellus (1985),37A, 209-232 Fractal properties of rain, and a fractal model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovejoy, Shaun

    Tellus (1985),37A, 209-232 Fractal properties of rain, and a fractal model By S. LOVEJOY, EERMICRMD is also compared with other approaches. The theory of fractals has been in part motivated by the Hurst effect. which is an empirical observation in hydrology and climatology. A fractal is an unsmooth shape

  12. Formation and evolution of coronal rain observed by SDO/AIA on February 22, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vashalomidze, Z; Zaqarashvili, T V; Oliver, R; Shergelashvili, B; Ramishvili, G; Poedts, S; De Causmaecker, P

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The formation and dynamics of coronal rain are currently not fully understood. Coronal rain is the fall of cool and dense blobs formed by thermal instability in the solar corona towards the solar surface with acceleration smaller than gravitational free fall. We aim to study the observational evidence of the formation of coronal rain and to trace the detailed dynamics of individual blobs. We used time series of the 171 \\AA\\, and 304 \\AA\\, spectral lines obtained by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamic Observatory (SDO) above active region AR 11420 on February 22, 2012. Observations show that a coronal loop disappeared in the 171 \\AA\\ channel and appeared in the 304 \\AA\\ line$\\text{}\\text{}$ more than one hour later, which indicates a rapid cooling of the coronal loop from 1 MK to 0.05 MK. An energy estimation shows that the radiation is higher than the heat input, which indicates so-called catastrophic cooling. The cooling was accompanied by the formation of coronal rain in the fo...

  13. Response of shoot growth and gas exchange of Picea abies clones to rain acidity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Response of shoot growth and gas exchange of Picea abies clones to rain acidity and the addition, particularly the effect of acidity and the addition of a realistic ionic mixture to simulated acidic.0 with a mixture of sulfuric and nitric acids (S02-/NO-weight ratio = 2.4). Ionic concentrations m mg/1were: 4.50 S

  14. Cycling in the wet Wet weather (or at least the threat of rain) puts a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bristol, University of

    lubrication so you may need to check items such as chain and gears on a daily basis during a spell of bad weather. Make sure your brakes are in top condition, tyres well pumped and remember that it takes longer such as painted road markings and metal plates can provide very little friction in the rain and can be extremely

  15. Adriano Galati Christian Olms Jonathan Haber Kasia Warpas ... let it rain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Sriram

    Adriano Galati Christian Olms Jonathan Haber Kasia Warpas ... let it rain Tuesday, 12 July 2011 #12@cs.nott.ac.uk christian.olms@stud.uni-due.de jonhaber@gmail.com kasia.warpas@gmail.com Tuesday, 12 July 2011 #12;

  16. Crowdsourcing, Climate Change and Student Science: The Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    it one of the most innovative citizen science programs in the nation. Students of all ages at over 100Crowdsourcing, Climate Change and Student Science: The Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow: Dr. Nolan Doesken Address: Department of Atmospheric Science 1371 Campus Delivery Colorado State

  17. Foraging Ecology, Reproduction, and Systematics of Stenoderma rufum in the Tabonuco Rain Forest of Puerto Rico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gannon, Michael R.

    in the Tabonuco Rain Forest of Puerto Rico © Michael R. Gannon 1991 Doctoral would like to convey special thanks to Dr. Waide for support while in Puerto Rico, without which expertise and logistic support in Puerto Rico, and to Stephen B. Cox for assisting with computer data entry

  18. Direct numerical simulation of an iron rain in the magma ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    investigate the conversion of gravitational energy into viscous heating and the thermal equilibration betweenDirect numerical simulation of an iron rain in the magma ocean H. Ichikawa,1,2 S. Labrosse,1 and K of metal in a magma ocean. The model, using a fully Lagrangian approach called the moving particle semi

  19. A phase screen model for simulating numerically the propagation of a laser beam in rain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lukin, I P; Rychkov, D S; Falits, A V [Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Lai, Kin S; Liu, Min R [DSO National Laboratories 20 (Singapore)

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The method based on the generalisation of the phase screen method for a continuous random medium is proposed for simulating numerically the propagation of laser radiation in a turbulent atmosphere with precipitation. In the phase screen model for a discrete component of a heterogeneous 'air-rain droplet' medium, the amplitude screen describing the scattering of an optical field by discrete particles of the medium is replaced by an equivalent phase screen with a spectrum of the correlation function of the effective dielectric constant fluctuations that is similar to the spectrum of a discrete scattering component - water droplets in air. The 'turbulent' phase screen is constructed on the basis of the Kolmogorov model, while the 'rain' screen model utiises the exponential distribution of the number of rain drops with respect to their radii as a function of the rain intensity. Theresults of the numerical simulation are compared with the known theoretical estimates for a large-scale discrete scattering medium. (propagation of laser radiation in matter)

  20. Climate change as a confounding factor in reversibility of acidification: RAIN and CLIMEX projects Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 5(3), 477486 (2001) EGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    canopy at KIM catchment excluded about 80% of ambient acid deposition; clean rain was sprinkled under on the south coast in the zone of maximum acid deposition for Norway. The RAIN project used a 1200 m2 roofClimate change as a confounding factor in reversibility of acidification: RAIN and CLIMEX projects

  1. Rain or Shine, Students Keep Their Race Cars Going - News Feature | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Radiation Protection Regulations:RadiologicalRadorrletryreportsRain

  2. Voluntary compliance with market-based environment poliy [sic] : evidence from the U.S. acid rain program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montero, Juan Pablo

    The U.S. acid rain program, Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, is a pioneering experience in environmental regulation by setting a market for electric utility emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and by including ...

  3. Changes in Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) retrievals due to the orbit boost estimated from rain gauge data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeMoss, Jeremy

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    in precipitation retrievals from the satellite data alone. We estimate changes in TRMM Microwave Imager (TMI) and the Precipitation Radar (PR) precipitation retrievals due to the orbit boost by comparing them with surface rain gauges on ocean buoys operated...

  4. Empirical Analysis of the Effects of Rain on Measured Freeway Traffic Parameters1 Meead Saberi K.4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Empirical Analysis of the Effects of Rain on Measured Freeway Traffic Parameters1 2 3 Meead Saberi November 200954 55 Word Count: 7,456 (9 figures and 2 tables)56 #12;Saberi and Bertini 2 Abstract

  5. TRACKING THE LITTLE BLACK "RAIN" CLOUDS: AN ENVIRO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF AMBIENT AIR POLLUTION EFFECTS ON PEDIATRIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    TRACKING THE LITTLE BLACK "RAIN" CLOUDS: AN ENVIRO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF AMBIENT AIR POLLUTION Pollution and Respiratory Health Branch were wonderful research hosts and helpful model critics. Thank you

  6. ARM - Field Campaign - Marine ARM GPCI Investigations of Clouds (MAGIC):

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa- Polarization Diversity Lidar (PDL) Campaign LinksUltra-HighParsivel Disdrometer

  7. ARM TR-008

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProducts (VAP) VAP Update Information on new,Scanning Radar32 Chilled Disdrometer

  8. A little rain doesn't fix it: Farmers and ranchers remain cautious as drought continues 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalisek, Danielle

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and climate, along with the #17;#19;.#16;#25; billion of agricultural losses in #25;#24;#23;#23; plus crop, hay and livestock losses, leave the question: What is the outlook for agricultural crops, forage and livestock this year? Agricultural outlook ?It... rain doesn?t #30;x it continued Forage outlook #31;e drought took a toll on pastures, leaving most ranchers without any hay to cut and bare spots in the forage for livestock. ?A lot of our pastures, speci#28;cally hay meadows, were probably...

  9. Microsoft PowerPoint - 07 Raines 2010 PMWS-Final BBB | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312),Microgrid Workshop Report AugustPROJECT7 Raines 2010

  10. Microsoft PowerPoint - 16.0855_Raines Draft Rev 4 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005 atthe District ofInstituteMicrosoft PowerPoint -0855_Raines Draft Rev 4

  11. Overview of the oxidation and scavenging characteristics of April rains (OSCAR) experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Easter, R.C.; Dana, M.T.; Thorp, J.M.; Busness, K.M.; Hales, J.M.; Raynor, G.S.; Benkovitz, C.M.; Tanner, R.L.; Shannon, J.D.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The OSCAR (Oxidation and Scavenging Characteristics of April Rains) field experiment was conducted in April, 1981, as part of the MAP3S/RAINE program. The OSCAR study was designed to provide detailed characterizations of the physicochemical and dynamical features of selected cyclonic storm systems as they traversed the eastern U.S. Major experiment components included sequential precipitation chemistry measurements, aircraft measurements both in cloud and in clear air in storm inflow regions, surface-level air chemistry measurements, and supporting meteorological measurements. The precipitation chemisty network consisted of an intermediate-density network with 37 sampling sites covering the region from southern Ontario to Tennessee and from Illinois to New Hampshire, and a high-density network with 47 sampling sites located in a 100 by 100 km area in northeast Indiana. A total of four storm events were studied during the experiment. The report describes the design and operational aspects for the high-density and intermediate-density components of the experiment, and the composition of the integrated OSCAR data set which has been developed. A synoptic meteorological description of the four storm events studied during OSCAR is also provided. 17 references, 13 figures, 8 tables.

  12. Rain-Induced Increase in Background Radiation Detected by Radiation Portal Monitors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hausladen, Paul [ORNL; Blessinger, Christopher S [ORNL; Guzzardo, Tyler [ORNL; Livesay, Jake [ORNL

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A complete understanding of both the steady state and transient background measured by Radiation Portal Monitors (RPMs) is essential to predictable system performance, as well as maximization of detection sensitivity. To facilitate this understanding, a test bed for the study of natural background in RPMs has been established at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This work was performed in support of the Second Line of Defense Program's mission to detect the illicit movement of nuclear material. In the present work, transient increases in gamma ray counting rates in RPMs due to rain are investigated. The increase in background activity associated with rain, which has been well documented in the field of environmental radioactivity, originates from the atmospheric deposition of two radioactive daughters of radon-222, namely lead-214 and bismuth-214 (henceforth {sup 222}Rn, {sup 214}Pb and {sup 214}Bi). In this study, rainfall rates recorded by a co-located weather station are compared with RPM count rates and High Purity Germanium spectra. The data verifies these radionuclides are responsible for the dominant transient natural background fluctuations in RPMs. Effects on system performance and potential mitigation strategies are discussed.

  13. Ecophysiological Responses of C3 Forbs and C4 Grasses to Drought and Rain on a Tallgrass Prairie in Northeastern Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Craig E.; Harris, Fred S.; Norman, Frank J.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ecophysiological responses to drought and a 3-cm rain were measured in seven C3 forb and five C4 grass species on a tallgrass prairie in northeastern Kansas. In general, midday leaf water potentials and conductances increased after rain to a greater...

  14. ATOC 3500/CHEM 3151 Problem 11, Spring 2014 We Didn't Get Much into Acid Rain...this shows how rainwater is naturally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    ATOC 3500/CHEM 3151 ­ Problem 11, Spring 2014 We Didn't Get Much into Acid Rain...this shows how rainwater is naturally acidic from atmospheric carbon dioxide alone The pH of fresh water is determined equilibrium, calculate the amount of dissolved CO2 ([H2CO3]) in a rain droplet that is equilibrium with air

  15. Raindrop size distributions and radar reflectivity-rain rate relationships for radar hydrology Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 5(4), 615627 (2001) EGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Raindrop size distributions and radar reflectivity-rain rate relationships for radar hydrology 615 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 5(4), 615­627 (2001) © EGS Raindrop size distributions and radar reflectivity­rain rate relationships for radar hydrology* Remko Uijlenhoet1 Sub-department Water Resources

  16. Multiple antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli from a tropical rain forest stream

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrasco, C.E.; Alvarez, H.J.; Ortiz, N.; Bisbal, M.; Arias, W.; Baerga, C. [Univ. of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras (Puerto Rico). Dept. of Biology; Hazen, T.C. [E.I. DuPont de Nemours and Co., Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River Lab.

    1988-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    High densities of fecal coliforms were obtained from a pristine site and sewage contaminated site in a tropical rain forest watershed in Puerto Rico. Confirmation of fecal coliform isolates as Escherichia coli was significantly lower than for temperate waters. Antibiotic resistance and multiple antibiotic resistance were common for isolates at both sites; however, the site receiving sewage effluent had a greater proportion of multiple antibiotic resistant isolates. R. plasmids were recovered from 4 MAR isolates, 2 from each site. All recovered plasmids were approximately 1 kilobase. The recovered plasmid were also capable of transforming E. coli HB101 in vitro. The high concentrations of enterobacteriaceae, small R-plasmid size, R-plasmid transformability, and long term survival of fecal origin bacteria in tropical freshwater environments give increasing importance to adequate sewage treatment, and better indicator monitoring methods for tropical areas.

  17. ATOC/CHEM 5151 Fall 2014 The San Joaquin Valley, acid rain, and a simple "box" model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    ATOC/CHEM 5151 ­ Fall 2014 Problem 26 The San Joaquin Valley, acid rain, and a simple "box" model. In this problem, use a simple box model to estimate the formation of so-called "acid fogs" in this valley. Assume the steady-state SO2 concentration (in units of molecules cm-3 ). (2) Sulfuric acid is produced from

  18. Week 4, Rain in my Brain On top of the Harbor Cone, Otago Peninsula, Pacific Ocean in the distance.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bardsley, John

    Week 4, Rain in my Brain On top of the Harbor Cone, Otago Peninsula, Pacific Ocean in the distance of the ocean or of this beautiful city from on-high and it all comes back that we're here, a dream come true

  19. Dew, fog, and rain as supplementary sources of water in south-western I. Lekoucha,b,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the growing tourist industry. To face the conventional water shortage and rising water prices, the use1 Dew, fog, and rain as supplementary sources of water in south-western Morocco I. Lekoucha,b,c , M as alternative or supplemental sources of water. Four standard dew condensers and a passive fog net collector

  20. Survival and distribution of Vibrio cholerae in a tropical rain forest stream

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perez-Rosas, N. [Univ. of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras (Puerto Rico). Microbial Ecology Lab.; Hazen, T.C. [E.I. DuPont de Nemours and Co., Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River Lab.

    1988-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    For 12 months Vibrio cholerae and fecal coliforms were monitored along with 9 other water quality parameters at 12 sites in a rain forest watershed in Puerto Rico. Densities of V. cholerae and fecal coliforms were not significantly correlated even though the highest densities of both bacteria were found at a sewage outfall. High densities of V. cholerae were also found at pristine sites high in the watershed. V. cholerae and Escherichia coli were inoculated into membrane diffusion chambers, placed at two sites and monitored for 5 days on two different occasions. Two different direct count methods indicated that the density of E. coli and V. cholerae did not change significantly during the course of either study. Physiological activity, as measured by INT-reduction and relative nucleic acid composition declined for E. coli during the first 12 h then increased and remained variable during the remainder of the study. V. cholerae activity, as measured by relative nucleic acid concentrations, remained high and unchanged for the entire study. INT-reduction in V. cholerae declined initially but regained nearly all of it`s original activity within 48 h. This study suggests that V. cholerae is an indigenous organism in tropical freshwaters and that assays other than fecal coliforms or E. coli must be used for assessing public health risk in tropical waters.

  1. Current and Future Carbon Budgets of Tropical Rain Forest: A Cross Scale Analysis. Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oberbauer, S. F.

    2004-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project was to make a first assessment of the major carbon stocks and fluxes and their climatic determinants in a lowland neotropical rain forest, the La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. Our research design was based on the concurrent use of several of the best available approaches, so that data could be cross-validated. A major focus of our effort was to combine meteorological studies of whole-forest carbon exchange (eddy flux), with parallel independent measurements of key components of the forest carbon budget. The eddy flux system operated from February 1998 to February 2001. To obtain field data that could be scaled up to the landscape level, we monitored carbon stocks, net primary productivity components including tree growth and mortality, litterfall, woody debris production, root biomass, and soil respiration in a series of replicated plots stratified across the major environmental gradients of the forest. A second major focus of this project was on the stocks and changes of carbon in the soil. We used isotope studies and intensive monitoring to investigate soil organic stocks and the climate-driven variation of soil respiration down the soil profile, in a set of six 4m deep soil shafts stratified across the landscape. We measured short term tree growth, climate responses of sap flow, and phenology in a suite of ten canopy trees to develop individual models of tree growth to daytime weather variables.

  2. Acid rain regs will be falling on utilities in '84, but not too hard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smock, R.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Regulations will probably call for sulfur dioxide scrubber retrofits on some older power plants in 1984, but because the action will likely be administrative under the Clean Air Act rather than new legislation, the rulings will be less harsh. A response to Canadian pressures was delayed when administration attention focused on military problems and rejected the first Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposals submitted by the new director as too costly. Failure to take action in 1984, however, will be politically damaging to the administration during an election year. A lack of scientific data hampers decision making, but EPA scientists predict there will be enough information by 1988 to accurately quantify acid-rain damage. EPA must decide which states to include in the regulations, how much to reduce sulfur dioxide emissions, and how to allocate quotas. Complicating the issue is the effect on the jobs of high-sulfur coal miners and the high capital costs of scrubbers. A low-cost retrofit may be possible with a furnace-injection technique now under study. 2 figures, 3 tables. (DCK)

  3. Vegetation History And Logging Disturbance: Effects On Rain Forest In The Lope Reserve, Gabon (With Special Emphasis On Elephants and Apes) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Lee JT

    An investigation of the effects of commercial mechanised selective logging on rain forest vegetation and mammals, was undertaken in the Lope Reserve, central Gabon, between January 1989 to July 1991. Vegetation in Lope ...

  4. The role of land surface processes on the mesoscale simulation of the July 26, 2005 heavy rain event over Mumbai, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niyogi, Dev

    The role of land surface processes on the mesoscale simulation of the July 26, 2005 heavy rain Mesoscale convection Weather research and forecast model Indian summer monsoon Land surface processes

  5. The Common Occurrence of Highly Supercooled Drizzle and Rain near the Coastal Regions of the Western United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosenfeld, Daniel; Chemke, Rei; DeMott, Paul J.; Sullivan, Ryan C.; Rasmussen, R M.; McDonough, Frank; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Schmid, Beat; Tomlinson, Jason M.; Jonsson, Haf; Suski, Kaitlyn; Cazorla, Alberto; Prather, Kimberly

    2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The formation of highly supercooled rain was documented by aircraft observations in clouds at a wide range of conditions near the coastal region of the western United States. Several case studies are described in detail using combined cloud and aerosol measurements to document both the highly super-cooled condition and the relatively pristine aerosol conditions under which it forms. The case studies include: (1) Marine convective clouds over the coastal waters of northern California, as measured by cloud physics probes flown on a Gulfstream-1 aircraft during the CALWATER campaign in February and early March 2011. The clouds had extensive drizzle in their tops, which extended downward to the 0°C isotherm as supercooled rain. Ice multiplication was observed only in mature parts of the clouds where cloud water was already depleted. (2) Orographically triggered convective clouds in marine air mass over the foothills of the Sierra Nevada to the east of Sacramento, as measured in CALWATER. Supercooled rain was observed down to -21°C. No indications for ice multiplication were evident. (3) Orographic layer clouds over Yosemite National Park, also measured in CALWATER. The clouds had extensive drizzle at -21°C, which intensified with little freezing lower in the cloud, and (4) Supercooled drizzle drops in layer clouds near Juneau, Alaska, as measured by the Wyoming King Air as part of a FAA project to study aircraft icing in this region. Low concentrations of CCN was a common observation in all these clouds, allowing for the formation of clouds with small concentration of large drops that coalesced into supercooled drizzle and raindrops. Another common observation was the absence of ice nuclei and/or ice crystals in measurable concentrations was associated with the persistent supercooled drizzle and rain. Average ice crystal concentrations were 0.007 l-1 at the top of convective clouds at -12°C and 0.03 l-1 in the case of layer clouds at -21°C. In combination these two conditions provide ideal conditions for the formation of highly supercooled drizzle and rain. These results help explain the anomalously high incidences of aircraft icing at cold temperatures in U.S. west coast clouds (Bernstein et al., 2004) and highlight the need to include aerosol effects when simulating aircraft icing with cloud models. These case studies can also serve as benchmarks for explicit cloud microphysics models attempting to simulate the formation of precipitation in these types of pristine conditions.

  6. A comparison of NEXRAD WSR-88D rain estimates with gauge measurements for high and low reflectivity gradient precipitation events.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jendrowski, P.; Kelly, D. S.; Klazura, G. E.; Thomale, J. M.

    1999-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Rain gauge measurements were compared with radar-estimated storm total precipitation for 43 rain events that occurred at ten locations. Gauge-to-radar ratios (G/R) were computed for each case. The G/R ratio is strongly related to precipitation type, with the mean G/R slightly less than 1.00 for high-reflectivity gradient cases and greater than 2.00 (factor of 2 radar underestimation) for low-reflectivity gradient cases. both precipitation types indicated radar underestimate at the nearest ranges. However, the high-reflectivity gradient cases indicated radar overestimation at further ranges, while the low-reflectivity gradient cases indicated significant radar underestimation at all ranges. Occurrences of radar overestimates may have been related to high reflectivity returns from melting ice, bright-band effects in stratiform systems and hail from convective systems. Bright-band effects probably were responsible for improving the radar underestimates in the second range interval (50-99.9 km) for the low-reflectivity gradient cases. Other possibilities for radar overestimates are anomalous propagation (AP) of the radar beam. Smith, et al. (1996) concluded that bright band and AP lead to systematic overestimate of rainfall at intermediate ranges.

  7. Seed rain and seed bank of third- and fifth-order streams on the western slope of the cascade range. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harmon, J.M.; Franklin, J.F.

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors compared the composition and density of the on-site vegetation, seed bank, and seed rain of three geomorphic and successional surfaces along third- and fifth- order streams on the western slope of the Cascade Range in Oregon. The on-site vegetation generally was dominated by tree species, the seed bank by herb species, and the seed rain by tree and herb species. Seed rain density generally correspond to the successional stage of the geomorphic surface and frequency of site disturbance, with the youngest and least vegetatively stable geomorphic surfaces having the highest density of trapped viable seeds. The highest density and greatest species richness of seed germinants were found on the intermediate-aged geomorphic surfaces, which had moderate levels of disturbance.

  8. Climate change after Bali If the estimated 10,000 that gathered in London in the rain last Saturday is anything

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinke, Dietmar

    Climate change after Bali If the estimated 10,000 that gathered in London in the rain last Saturday is anything to go by, climate change occupies a marginal place on the global political agenda. In contrast undoubtedly delivered a blow to direct action, yet it is still hard to imagine climate change galvanizing

  9. Microbial Fuel Cells -Solar Times http://solar.rain-barrel.net/microbial-fuel-cells/ 1 of 3 6/28/2006 11:32 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    Microbial Fuel Cells - Solar Times http://solar.rain-barrel.net/microbial-fuel-cells/ 1 of 3 6/28/2006 11:32 AM Microbial Fuel Cells Posted in Alternative Energy by admin. The other end of solar energy? As the search for fuel cells goes on, many environmentalists give all their attention to solar energy

  10. Rainwater harvesting systems that collect and convey rain-water from roofs to storage tanks are often the best or only

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polz, Martin

    PROBLEM Rainwater harvesting systems that collect and convey rain- water from roofs to storage-yearrecord Rigorous analysis of rainwater harvesting system design can improve reliability and water quality CEE-yield of the rainwater harvesting systems, defining reliability as days per year on which the community's water de- mand

  11. An Examination of Version 5 Rainfall Estimates from the TRMM Microwave Imager, Precipitation Radar, and Rain Gauges on Global, Regional, and Storm Scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    An Examination of Version 5 Rainfall Estimates from the TRMM Microwave Imager, Precipitation Radar, and Rain Gauges on Global, Regional, and Storm Scales STEPHEN W. NESBITT1 AND EDWARD J. ZIPSER Department Current affiliation: Radar Meteorology Group, Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University

  12. Environmental radiological monitoring of air, rain, and snow on and near the Hanford Site, 1945-1957

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanf, R.W.; Thiede, M.E.

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a result of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The goal of the HEDR Project is to estimate the radiation dose that individuals could have received from emissions since 1944 at the Hanford Site near Richland, Washington. Members of the HEDR Project`s Environmental Monitoring Data Task have developed databases of historical environmental measurements of such emissions. Hanford documents were searched for information on the radiological monitoring of air, rain, and snow at and near the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington. The monitoring information was reviewed and summarized. The end product is a yearly overview of air, rain, and snow samples as well as ambient radiation levels in the air that were measured from 1945 through 1957. The following information is provided in each annual summary: the media sampled, the constituents (radionuclides) measured/reported, the sampling locations, the sampling frequencies, the sampling methods, and the document references. For some years a notes category is included that contains additional useful information. For the years 1948 through 1957, tables summarizing the sampling locations for the various sample media are also included in the appendix. A large number of documents were reviewed to obtain the information in this report. A reference list is attached to the end of each annual summary. All of the information summarized here was obtained from reports originating at Hanford. These reports are all publicly available and can be found in the Richland Operations Office (RL) public reading room. The information in this report has been compiled without analysis and should only be used as a guide to the original documents.

  13. Controlling acid rain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, James A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn the northeastern USA are caused by the large scale combustion of fossil fuels within this region. Average precipitation acidity is pH 4.2, but spatial and temporal ...

  14. West Texas Rain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supercinski, Danielle

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the first in this area. These West Texas demonstrations help promote the systems in the area, said Mike Mecke, Extension water program specialist with TWRI in Far West Texas. ?Rainwater harvesting is of special interest in the drier half of Texas...

  15. ARM - Campaign Instrument - rain

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492air Comments? We would love to hear from you!jplcarter-scott Comments?govInstrumentsrain Comments? We

  16. ARM - Cloud and Rain

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492air Comments? We would love to heargovInstrumentstdma Comments?History OrganizationTwist

  17. ARM - Datastreams - rain

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492airDatastreamsncepgfsnausfc Documentation XDCDatastreamsprpfrsr Documentation Data

  18. Chemical alteration of limestone and marble samples exposed to acid rain and weathering in the eastern United States, 1984--1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reimann, K.J.

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a long-term program that began in 1984, limestone and marble briquettes have been exposed to both anthropogenic acid deposition and natural weathering of four field sites in the eastern United States. Similar tests began at an Ohio site in 1986. Effects of exposure on the briquettes and other materials at the sites are evaluated periodically by several federal agencies cooperating in the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). A primary contribution of Argonne National Laboratory to the NAPAP has been chemical analysis to determine changes in the samples caused by exposure to the environment. Wet chemical analysis was used to detect sulfates, nitrates, fluorides, chlorides, and a series of metal cations in sequential layers of stone removed from the briquettes after field exposure. Results from the first four years of the program indicate that rinsing by rain keeps skyward-facing stone relatively clean of reaction products, especially sulfate, the most abundant product. On groundward-facing samples, sulfate concentrations increased linearly with exposure time, and values were proportional to atmospheric SO{sub 2} concentrations at the site. Sulfate concentrations in groundward samples were much higher in limestone than in marble, because of the greater porosity of the limestone. A steep sulfate gradient was seen in both sample types from the surface to the interior. On skyward surfaces, material losses per rain event due to complete dissolution of accumulated sulfates were approximately equal to concentrations measured in runoff. Preexposed limestone samples had sulfate accumulations deep in their interiors, while fresh, unexposed limestone did not. No substantial changes in cation accumulations wee detected in either limestone or marble.

  19. Ribonuclease A Ronald T. Raines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raines, Ronald T.

    . Subsites 1048 B. Substrate Specificity 1049 C. One-Dimensional Diffusion 1049 D. Processive Catalysis 1050 abundant in the bovine pancreas and more heterogeneous in their glycosylation.7,8 RNase A has been

  20. A ACID RAIN Audrey Gibson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    acid and nitric acid. Sunlight increases the rate of most of these reactions. Electric utility plants;Gas Natural Sources Concentration Carbon dioxide CO2 Decomposition 355 ppm Nitric oxide NO Electric, 2010 #12;Gas Non-Natural Sources Concentration Nitric oxide NO Internal Combustion (cars) 0.2 ppm

  1. ARM - Lesson Plans: Acid Rain

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDC documentationBarrow, Alaska Outreach Home RoomPlans OutreachAcid

  2. ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E): Multi-Frequency Profilers, 449 MHz Profiler(williams-449_prof)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Williams, Christopher; Jensen, Mike

    This data was collected by the NOAA 449-MHz and 2.8-GHz profilers in support of the Department of Energy (DOE) and NASA sponsored Mid-latitude Continental Convective Cloud Experiment (MC3E). The profiling radars were deployed in Northern Oklahoma at the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Mission (ARM) Southern Great Plans (SGP) Central Facility from 22 April through 6 June 2011. NOAA deployed three instruments: a Parsivel disdrometer, a 2.8-GHz profiler, and a 449-MHz profiler. The parasivel provided surface estimates of the raindrop size distribution and is the reference used to absolutely calibrate the 2.8 GHz profiler. The 2.8-GHz profiler provided unattenuated reflectivity profiles of the precipitation. The 449-MHz profiler provided estimates of the vertical air motion during precipitation from near the surface to just below the freezing level. By using the combination of 2.8-GHz and 449-MHz profiler observations, vertical profiles of raindrop size distributions can be retrieved. The profilers are often reference by their frequency band: the 2.8-GHz profiler operates in the S-band and the 449-MHz profiler operates in the UHF band. The raw observations are available as well as calibrated spectra and moments. This document describes how the instruments were deployed, how the data was collected, and the format of the archived data.

  3. ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E): Multi-Frequency Profilers, Vertical Air Motion (williams-vertair)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Williams, Christopher; Jensen, Mike

    This data was collected by the NOAA 449-MHz and 2.8-GHz profilers in support of the Department of Energy (DOE) and NASA sponsored Mid-latitude Continental Convective Cloud Experiment (MC3E). The profiling radars were deployed in Northern Oklahoma at the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Mission (ARM) Southern Great Plans (SGP) Central Facility from 22 April through 6 June 2011. NOAA deployed three instruments: a Parsivel disdrometer, a 2.8-GHz profiler, and a 449-MHz profiler. The parasivel provided surface estimates of the raindrop size distribution and is the reference used to absolutely calibrate the 2.8 GHz profiler. The 2.8-GHz profiler provided unattenuated reflectivity profiles of the precipitation. The 449-MHz profiler provided estimates of the vertical air motion during precipitation from near the surface to just below the freezing level. By using the combination of 2.8-GHz and 449-MHz profiler observations, vertical profiles of raindrop size distributions can be retrieved. The profilers are often reference by their frequency band: the 2.8-GHz profiler operates in the S-band and the 449-MHz profiler operates in the UHF band. The raw observations are available as well as calibrated spectra and moments. This document describes how the instruments were deployed, how the data was collected, and the format of the archived data.

  4. ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E): Multi-Frequency Profilers, S-band Radar (williams-s_band)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Williams, Christopher

    This data was collected by the NOAA 449-MHz and 2.8-GHz profilers in support of the Department of Energy (DOE) and NASA sponsored Mid-latitude Continental Convective Cloud Experiment (MC3E). The profiling radars were deployed in Northern Oklahoma at the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Mission (ARM) Southern Great Plans (SGP) Central Facility from 22 April through 6 June 2011. NOAA deployed three instruments: a Parsivel disdrometer, a 2.8-GHz profiler, and a 449-MHz profiler. The parasivel provided surface estimates of the raindrop size distribution and is the reference used to absolutely calibrate the 2.8 GHz profiler. The 2.8-GHz profiler provided unattenuated reflectivity profiles of the precipitation. The 449-MHz profiler provided estimates of the vertical air motion during precipitation from near the surface to just below the freezing level. By using the combination of 2.8-GHz and 449-MHz profiler observations, vertical profiles of raindrop size distributions can be retrieved. The profilers are often reference by their frequency band: the 2.8-GHz profiler operates in the S-band and the 449-MHz profiler operates in the UHF band. The raw observations are available as well as calibrated spectra and moments. This document describes how the instruments were deployed, how the data was collected, and the format of the archived data.

  5. ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E): Multi-Frequency Profilers, Surface Meteorology (williams-surfmet)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Williams, Christopher; Jensen, Mike

    This data was collected by the NOAA 449-MHz and 2.8-GHz profilers in support of the Department of Energy (DOE) and NASA sponsored Mid-latitude Continental Convective Cloud Experiment (MC3E). The profiling radars were deployed in Northern Oklahoma at the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Mission (ARM) Southern Great Plans (SGP) Central Facility from 22 April through 6 June 2011. NOAA deployed three instruments: a Parsivel disdrometer, a 2.8-GHz profiler, and a 449-MHz profiler. The parasivel provided surface estimates of the raindrop size distribution and is the reference used to absolutely calibrate the 2.8 GHz profiler. The 2.8-GHz profiler provided unattenuated reflectivity profiles of the precipitation. The 449-MHz profiler provided estimates of the vertical air motion during precipitation from near the surface to just below the freezing level. By using the combination of 2.8-GHz and 449-MHz profiler observations, vertical profiles of raindrop size distributions can be retrieved. The profilers are often reference by their frequency band: the 2.8-GHz profiler operates in the S-band and the 449-MHz profiler operates in the UHF band. The raw observations are available as well as calibrated spectra and moments. This document describes how the instruments were deployed, how the data was collected, and the format of the archived data.

  6. Singing in the Rain 26 January 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    Hansen spoke as an Expert Witness. His testimony was a disgrace in that he asserted global warming is so of simulating global temperature change, predicting a warming that so far is about 1/3 greater than observations station) are justified because the benefit of the electricity the power station provided was outweighed

  7. 8, 87738816, 2008 Mumbai heavy rain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    modeling system (RAMS 4.3), with and without an explicit urban energy balance model-town energy budget (TEB the Indian monsoon region. The impact of including an explicit urban energy balance on surface thermodynamic in the upwind region of Mumbai city is increased in the simulation, possibly as a feedback from the sea breeze

  8. NH Acid Rain Control Act (New Hampshire)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Act is implemented under New Hampshire's acid deposition control program established under the Rules to Control Air Pollution in Chapter Env-A 400. The goal of the Act is to reduce emissions...

  9. The effect of rain on freeway capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Edward Roy

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    determined. Dividing the regression mean square by the residual mean square would provide the statistical F-value which could be used to test the hypothesis that the slope of the re- gression line was zero, or, in other words... PF) FC I &IT~", 110~I. ' F J 900~, :=I', 0 II", 0 9 A. 'I. 0307 C306 0 3 2 '2 ". 422 0505 0507 0509 0605 0606 0612 06]1 9 F F 0 0 i) 0 0 0 C , 04 0 ~ 02 0 0 0 . 01 22 . 04 ~ 02 0 . i)6 ~ 13 ~ 02 0 1017' 1021 1022...

  10. Robert B. Raines | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City,Enriched UraniumPhysical SecurityResponding to EmergenciesB.

  11. asian tropical rain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    J. 37 Ocean-atmosphere-land feedbacks on the western North Pacific-East Asian summer climate Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: limiting poleward extent of...

  12. Berry Brook Watershed 2011 Rain Barrel Sale for Dover Residents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proper sized over flow with tubing to direct water away from the foundation, back into the normal drain

  13. Caes, Palte, and Raines Supplementary Information MATERIALS AND METHODS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raines, Ronald T.

    chemicals were of reagent grade or better and were used without further purification. 1-Ethyl-3), and metal chlorides were from Sigma Chemical (St. Louis, MO). Magnesium chloride hexahydrate was from Fisher indicated otherwise. Values of the coupling constant J are given in Hertz. Mass spectrometry was performed

  14. ALTERING THE RESIDUES OF RIBONUCLEASE A R. T. Raines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raines, Ronald T.

    'rminator PH05 I GA~DH (ROSENBERG et al. 1984). In our promoter t RNase A temunator . . ' expressIon system

  15. Peter Tuthill The rain spattered on the glass panes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuthill, Peter

    through the last pages of the partially comprehensible report from forensics. He cast a withering glance nowdispelledbythereportinfrontof him. He let the new information sink in: Rufus Jaeger died with his stomach laced with a cocktail

  16. Rain on the Roof-Evaporative Spray Roof Cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachman, L. R.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -air principles are covered and a simplified method of evaluation presented. A life cycle energy savings example is discussed. Benefits of roof life and roof top equipment efficiency and maintenance are covered as well as water consumption and performance trade...

  17. Rain-Making and Benefunder 20 October 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    fossil fuel emissions is a rising carbon fee. Only a few major nations must agree, e.g., China will be hastened by a rising carbon fee. So why is an agreement on a carbon fee at Paris in December 2015 not a foregone conclusion?1 The old excuse, that it would be costly, has been shot down. A steadily rising carbon

  18. Incentive mechanisms as a strategic option for acid rain compliance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    South, D.W.; Bailey, K.A.; McDermott, K.A.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990 (P.L. 101--549) establishes the use of flexible emission compliance strategies for electric utilities to reduce the emissions of add precursors (SO[sub 2], NO[sub 2]). To control SO[sub 2] emissions, tradeable emission allowances will be used; NO[sub 2] emissions will be controlled by an emission standard, but a utility is permitted to average NO[sub 2] emissions systemwide to meet the standard. Both of these policies promote flexibility and cost savings for the utility while achieving the prescribed emission reduction goals of P.L. 101--549. The use of SO[sub 2] emission allowances has two notable benefits: A utility has the choice of a wide range of compliance methods allowing it to minimize compliance costs and second; the use of transferable emission allowances promote technological innovation with respect to emissions reduction/control. This report discusses the use of regulatory incentives towards the achievement of a Title IV goal of cost reduction of SO[sub 2] emissions.

  19. Incentive mechanisms as a strategic option for acid rain compliance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    South, D.W.; Bailey, K.A.; McDermott, K.A.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990 (P.L. 101--549) establishes the use of flexible emission compliance strategies for electric utilities to reduce the emissions of add precursors (SO{sub 2}, NO{sub 2}). To control SO{sub 2} emissions, tradeable emission allowances will be used; NO{sub 2} emissions will be controlled by an emission standard, but a utility is permitted to average NO{sub 2} emissions systemwide to meet the standard. Both of these policies promote flexibility and cost savings for the utility while achieving the prescribed emission reduction goals of P.L. 101--549. The use of SO{sub 2} emission allowances has two notable benefits: A utility has the choice of a wide range of compliance methods allowing it to minimize compliance costs and second; the use of transferable emission allowances promote technological innovation with respect to emissions reduction/control. This report discusses the use of regulatory incentives towards the achievement of a Title IV goal of cost reduction of SO{sub 2} emissions.

  20. amazon rain forest: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Dja reserve has not yet been subject to forest logging. But the high processing of timber extraction and the commercial hunting of large mammals around the reserve, result...

  1. atlantic rain forest: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Dja reserve has not yet been subject to forest logging. But the high processing of timber extraction and the commercial hunting of large mammals around the reserve, result...

  2. amazonian rain forest: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Dja reserve has not yet been subject to forest logging. But the high processing of timber extraction and the commercial hunting of large mammals around the reserve, result...

  3. african rain forest: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Dja reserve has not yet been subject to forest logging. But the high processing of timber extraction and the commercial hunting of large mammals around the reserve, result...

  4. african rain forests: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Dja reserve has not yet been subject to forest logging. But the high processing of timber extraction and the commercial hunting of large mammals around the reserve, result...

  5. Uncertainty of microwave radiative transfer computations in rain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Sung Wook

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    of the vertical resolution effect on the BT. Secondly, a new temperature profile based on observations was absorbed in the Texas A&M University (TAMU) algorithm. The Precipitation Radar (PR) and Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI...

  6. acid rain information: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brody , Lane P. Hughston of a cumulative gains process. The problem of modelling and pricing such an asset and associated derivatives of the cumulative gains, and the terminal...

  7. NREL: News Feature - Rain or Shine, Students Keep Their Race...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the uniform tunics from the 1960s show-Teegan's in red and Kira's in blue. The model electric car they're racing in the 25th Annual Junior Solar Sprint and Lithium Ion Battery...

  8. Ringing in the rain : an agent based weather warning system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Chao-Chi, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    People's daily lives are impacted by lots of dynamic environmental information, such as weather and traffic. Though most of this information is available on the Internet, there is no easy way for someone to access it while ...

  9. Stronger and (now) Longer Synthetic Collagen Ronald T. Raines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raines, Ronald T.

    -type (PPII) helix (which is left-handed), are wound around a common axis to form a triple helix (which is right-handed) (Figure 1A). The packing of this coiled-coil structure requires that every third residue-hydroxyproline (Hyp). In human type I collagen, which is the most abundant form, 28% of the Xaa residues are Pro

  10. acid rain compliance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paper: Improving Browsing Environment Compliance Evaluations for Websites Cyntrica Eaton heterogeneous browsing environments, the browser, browser version, and operating...

  11. July 2006 / ACCJ Journal / 55 rain-powered remote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cichocki, Andrzej

    eyeglasses. Cichocki, an expert in biomedical signal processing, and his team at the Laboratory for Advanced

  12. Virtual Field Trip: Temperate Rain Forest Douglas Fir and Western

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Andrew J.

    Disturbance Cascade Creek fire on the southwest flank of Mount Adams. Sept 2012 #12;Frequency: none Frequency: 250-500 yrs Severity: high Size: large Frequency: 50-90 yrs Severity: low Size: small Fire in the PNW Natural Disturbance #12;Vegetation Succession #12;Species and Trophic relationships Pacific Giant

  13. Virtual Field Trip: Temperate Rain Forest Knysna Forest Biome near

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Andrew J.

    Disturbance #12;Frequency: none Frequency: 250-500 yrs Severity: high Size: large Frequency: 50-90 yrs Severity: low Size: small Fire in the PNW Natural Disturbance #12;Vegetation Succession #12;Species

  14. Sediment detachment by rain power Emmanuel J. Gabet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabet, Emmanuel "Manny"

    long been recognized that raindrop impact detaches soil particles that may be subsequently transported of California, Santa Barbara, California, USA Thomas Dunne Donald Bren School of Environmental Science and Management and Department of Geological Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara

  15. Ostwald ripening and the kinetics of rain initiation Michael Wilkinson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, Michael

    a strong effect on the radiation balance of the atmo- sphere [1]. Perhaps the most complex aspect of cloud of the physical parameters of the cloud. In fact, this mechanism is so effective that the emphasis should shift and Statistics, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, England A central problem in cloud

  16. Rain or Shine: We Cycle for Science | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - TProcuring SolarNo.Frequency |DepartmentEvent |Rafael

  17. Solar Decathlon: Rain and Shine | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssues DOE's Nuclear EnergySmart Meters and| Department of:

  18. Rains County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Raghuraji Agro

  19. NNSA Procurement Projects Perspective - Bob Raines, Associate Administrator

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked QuestionsDepartment of Energy 3ServicesNEETfor Acquisition and Project

  20. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Karl Kong, Pei Wen Lei, Yabo Li, Rain Yuan Rain Tian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SUSTAINABILITY PROJECT REPORT #12;APSC 262 SUSTAINABILITY PROJECT REPORT 1 ABSTRACT Green carts in the UBC libraries and researching on the internet. As a result of the investigation, two solutions............................................................................................................ 7 2.2. GREEN CARTS

  1. The Mid-Latitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petersen,W.; Jensen,M.; Genio, A. D.; Giangrande, S.; Heymsfield, A.; Heymsfield, G.; Hou, A.; Kollias, P.; Orr, B.; Rutledge, S.; Schwaller, M.; Zipser, E.

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Midlatitude Continental Convective Cloud Experiment (MC3E) will take place in central Oklahoma during the April-May 2011 period. The experiment is a collaborative effort between the U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radition Measurement Program and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission Ground Validation program. The Intensive Observation Period leverages the unprecedented observing infrastructure currently available in the central United States, combined with an extensive sounding array, remote sensing and in situ aircraft observations, NASA GPM ground validation remote sensors and new ARM instrumentation purchased with American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funding. The overarching goal is to provide the most complete characterization of convective cloud systems, precipitation and the environment that has ever been obtained, providing constraints for model cumulus parameterizations and space-based rainfall observations over land that have never before been available. Several different components of convective processes tangible to the convective parameterization problem are targeted such as, pre-convective environment and convective initiation, updraft / downdraft dynamics, condensate transport and detrainment, precipitation and cloud microphysics, influence on the environment and radiation and a detailed description of the large-scale forcing. MC3E will use a new multi-scale observing strategy with the participation of a network of distributed sensors (both passive and active). The approach is to document in 3-D not only the full spectrum of precipitation rates, but also clouds, winds and moisture in an attempt to provide a holistic view of convective clouds and their feedback with the environment. A goal is to measure cloud and precipitation transitions and environmental quantities that are important for satellite retrieval algorithms, convective parameterization in large-scale models and cloud-resolving model simulations. This will be accomplished through the deployment of several different elements that complement the existing (and soon to become available) ARM facilities: a network of radiosonde stations, NASA scanning multi-frequency/parameter radar systems at three different frequencies (Ka/Ku/S), high-altitude remote sensing and in situ aircraft, wind profilers and a network of surface disdrometers. In addition to these special MC3E instruments, there will be important new instrumentation deployed by DOE at the ARM site including: 3 networked scanning X-band radar systems, a C-band scanning radar, a dual wavelength (Ka/W) scanning cloud radar, a Doppler lidar and upgraded vertically pointing millimeter cloud radar (MMCR) and micropulse lidar (MPL).To fully describe the properties of precipitating cloud systems, both in situ and remote sensing airborne observations are necessary. The NASA GPM-funded University of North Dakota (UND) Citation will provide in situ observations of precipitation-sized particles, ice freezing nuclei and aerosol concentrations. As a complement to the UND Citation's in situ observations, the NASA ER-2 will provide a high altitude satellite simulator platform that carrying a Ka/Ku band radar and passive microwave radiometers (10-183 GHZ).

  2. Harvesting the Rain, An Overview of the Rainwater Collection Systems at McKinney ISD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schreppler, S.; Estes, J. M.; Dupont, D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the planning and design phases at four elementary schools in McKinney ISD. By harvesting the rainwater from the roof of the building and channeling this water into six oncampus storage tanks, enough rainwater can be collected to flush the toilets and irrigate...

  3. Beamfilling correction study for retrieval of oceanic rain from passive microwave observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ruiyue

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    the beamfilling problem for TRMM. The ARMAR system was deployed during the TOGA/COARE and KWAJEX field experiments. TOGA/COARE took place in the western Pacific in early 1993. KWAJEX was on the Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands, in the central...

  4. The efficiency and robustness of allowance banking in the U.S. Acid Rain Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an empirical evaluation of the efficiency of allowance banking (i.e., abating more in early periods in order to abate less in later periods) in the nationwide market for sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission ...

  5. Lessons from Phase 2 compliance with the U.S. Acid Rain Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides preliminary answers to four questions concerning the behavior of agents operating under the SO2 Allowance Trading Program that could not be adequately answered until several years' data on compliance ...

  6. 1996 update on compliance and emissions trading under the U.S. acid rain program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    November 1997This paper reports on the second year of compliance with the sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions-reduction and -trading provisions of the Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA). The material is intended ...

  7. ENJOYING THE RAIN FOREST Nowhere in the world will your eyes observe a greater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    will see today are the same as those that dazzled the first Spanish explorers more than 500 years ago. You

  8. Influence of concrete fracture on the rain infiltration and thermal performance of building facades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the occupants. Over time, the pore structure of such materials may however be altered by cracks and defects for the purpose of durability assessments as well. Keywords heat; moisture; modelling; building material; fracture is to be accounted for in any long-term performance assessment. Hygrothermal simulations of building components

  9. The time it never rained: How Texas water management has changed because of recurring droughts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    #29;ll in with water. #30;at was really the only source of water for the livestock. Luckily, back then nobody really had many ca#31;le. Mostly folks would have a few mules and a milk cow or two, so livestock water wasn?t as important... inundate Amarillo from January through March. Seven times, the visibility declines to zero. One complete blackout lasts 11 hours, and one storm rages for 3 1/2 days. The Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board is established to enforce...

  10. The rain on underground porous media Part I. Analysis of a Richards model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of models. In opposite to Darcy's or Brinkman's systems (see [13] for all these models), this equation which is derived by combining Darcy's generalized equation with the mass conservation law is highly nonlinear , Adel Blouza2 , and Linda El Alaoui3 Abstract: Richards equation models the water flow in a partially

  11. 164 J. Neurosurg. / Volume 106 / January, 2007 RAIN shift during neurosurgery can significantly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhary, Vipin

    brain shift was predicted for two additional head orientations. Two patient-specific FE models were. Substantial intraoperative brain shift has been well documented in recent literature. Cortical displacement have reported that a very extensive range of brain surface shift (0­50 mm) can occur throughout surgery

  12. Insights on the conformational stability of collagen Cara L. Jenkins and Ronald T. Raines*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raines, Ronald T.

    unique tertiary structure, consisting of three parallel left-handed polyproline II-type strands wound around a common axis to form a triple helix with a shallow right-handed superhelical pitch (Fig. 1). The packing of this coiled-coil structure requires that every third residue be glycine (Gly), resulting

  13. Rutkoski, Kink, Strong, and Raines Supporting Information Materials. mPEGmaleimide1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raines, Ronald T.

    ]Thymidine incorporation into K-562 and DU 145 genomic DNA was quantitated by scintillation counting using a Microbeta TriLux liquid scintillation and luminescence counter (PerkinElmer, Wellesley, MA). Molecular mass was determined by MALDI­TOF mass spectrometry using a Voyager-DE-PRO Biospectrometry Workstation (Applied Biosystems

  14. Ellis, Hornung, and Raines Supplementary Data Potentiation of ribonuclease cytotoxicity by a poly(amidoamine)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raines, Ronald T.

    was quantified by scintillation counting using a Microbeta TriLux liquid scintillation and luminescence counter by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI­TOF) mass spectrometry using a Voyager

  15. Using a furrow system for surface drainage under unsteady rain , J.C, Mailhol2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    function is based on the kinematic wave model, the explicit solution of which is coupled with the water typical rainfalls. Key words: Runoff, furrow system, unsteady rainfall, overland flow, kinematic wave-EAU, Maison des sciences de l'eau 300 Av E. Jeanbrau, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, France Abstract Water excess

  16. Radar-sferics investigation of a theoretical mechanism of thunderstorm rain electrification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgers, Wayne Fitzpatrick

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    prominent theories to explain chess processes hsvo been presented by Simpco . (28), Vi). eon (3$) I and Workman sod Reynolds (34) ~ Simpson~a theory is based on e process, first investigated by Lsnsrd (16, 17), which is called "waterfall, " "spray... cbnrgs gcnoraeing regions of a thunder?ecru. Hmevor, loob points out tbsc ious msy be produced by other ms?no in such quantities chat the Hilson mechanism may add appreciably to ehe charge segregation, Relsny (35) and Hschy (19) investigated...

  17. Influences of clouds and rain on the large-scale transport and deposition of sulfur

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luecken, D.J.; Berkowitz, C.M.; Easter, R.C.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the application of a three-dimensional, global-scale Eulerian model with an explicit description of cloud and chemical processes. Simulation results describing the transport of sulfur from North America and Europe across the north Atlantic Ocean during a climatological July are presented. Wet deposition was found to contribute slightly more to total sulfur deposition than dry deposition, a feature explained by the large amounts of precipitation during this month. The wet deposition patterns did not always correspond to the emissions patterns. The precipitation rate and spatial distribution had a large effect on the calculated concentrations of soluble sulfur species. 10 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  18. Estimated increases in the cost of electricity under three acid-rain control bills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hillsman, E.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Alvic, D.R. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several bills were introduced in the past two Congresses to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from electric power plants. The effects of these bills on electricity costs depend on features of the bills, on the mix of generating capacity owned by different electric utilities, on the technologies available for complying with the legislation, and on the time horizon used to calculate the costs. A system of computer software has been developed to make utility-specific estimates of the effects of different legislation on electricity costs. This paper presents sample results from a larger analysis of six pieces of legislation. These results suggest that the emissions trading systems proposed in some legislation, and adopted in the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1991, may have less effect than expected on the cost of complying with the legislation. 5 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. Costs to Maryland utilities and ratepayers of an acid-rain control strategy: an update analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahal, M.I.

    1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1985, the Power Plant Research Program (PPRP) published a study that developed estimates of cost and electric-rate impacts for a hypothetical control scenario for each major electric utility operating in the State. This report updates that earlier study by incorporating new information. Important differences include revised financial/accounting assumptions, a decline in the cost premium for low-sulfur coal, increases in scrubber construction costs and changes in control strategies. Also, the update incorporates control of NOx emissions. The original study was limited to evaluating the costs of controlling sulfur-emissions only.

  20. Photo of the Week: Rain or Shine, Preparing for the 2013 Hurricane Season |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagementOPAM5Parabolic TroughPhoto Gallery: EnergyEnergyPi + NASA

  1. Streamflow Forecasting Based on Statistical Applications and Measurements Made with Rain Gage and Weather Radar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudlow, M.D.

    Techniques for streamflow forecasting are developed and tested for the Little Washita River in Oklahoma. The basic input for streamflow forecasts is rainfall. the rainfall amounts may be obtained from several sources; however, this study...

  2. Water vapor, cloud liquid water paths, and rain rates over northern high latitude open seas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuidema, Paquita

    longwave radiation caused by differences in cloud cover can produce an JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL-level stratus con- tribute the most to the total Arctic cloud cover of any cloud type according to surface presence during summertime but otherwise the Wentz internal sea-ice screening appears effective

  3. Microsoft PowerPoint - 16.0855_Raines Draft Rev 4

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312),Microgrid Workshop ReportAligning Leadership andin

  4. BioEE 668 Principles of Biogeochemistry Spring, 2006; 4 credits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodale, Christine L.

    biogeochemistry (CLG) ** Discussion Mar. 30 Acid rain: terrestrial ecosystems (CLG) Apr. 4 Acid rain: aquatic

  5. Scientific Written and Oral Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Huiqiang

    resources including the rain forest, the ocean, global warming, droughts, floods, acid rain and wildfires

  6. Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment TWP-ICE Cloud and rain characteristics in the Australian Monsoon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    May, P.T., Jakob, C., and Mather, J.H.

    2004-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact of oceanic convection on its environment and the relationship between the characteristics of the convection and the resulting cirrus characteristics is still not understood. An intense airborne measurement campaign combined with an extensive network of ground-based observations is being planned for the region near Darwin, Northern Australia, during January-February, 2006, to address these questions. The Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) will be the first field program in the tropics that attempts to describe the evolution of tropical convection, including the large scale heat, moisture, and momentum budgets, while at the same time obtaining detailed observations of cloud properties and the impact of the clouds on the environment. The emphasis will be on cirrus for the cloud properties component of the experiment. Cirrus clouds are ubiquitous in the tropics and have a large impact on their environment but the properties of these clouds are poorly understood. A crucial product from this experiment will be a dataset suitable to provide the forcing and testing required by cloud-resolving models and parameterizations in global climate models. This dataset will provide the necessary link between cloud properties and the models that are attempting to simulate them.

  7. Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE): Cloud and Rain Characteristics in the Australian Monsoon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PT May; C Jakob; JH Mather

    2004-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact of oceanic convection on its environment and the relationship between the characteristics of the convection and the resulting cirrus characteristics is still not understood. An intense airborne measurement campaign combined with an extensive network of ground-based observations is being planned for the region near Darwin, Northern Australia, during January-February, 2006, to address these questions. The Tropical Warm Pool – International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) will be the first field program in the tropics that attempts to describe the evolution of tropical convection, including the large scale heat, moisture, and momentum budgets, while at the same time obtaining detailed observations of cloud properties and the impact of the clouds on the environment. The emphasis will be on cirrus for the cloud properties component of the experiment. Cirrus clouds are ubiquitous in the tropics and have a large impact on their environment but the properties of these clouds are poorly understood. A crucial product from this experiment will be a dataset suitable to provide the forcing and testing required by cloud-resolving models and parameterizations in global climate models. This dataset will provide the necessary link between cloud properties and the models that are attempting to simulate them. The experiment is a collaboration between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, the Bureau of Meteorology (BoM), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the European Commission DG RTD-1.2, and several United States, Australian, Canadian, and European Universities. This experiment will be undertaken over a 4-week period in early 2006. January and February corresponds to the wet phase of the Australia monsoon. This season has been selected because, despite Darwin’s coastal location, the convection that occurs over and near Darwin at this time is largely of maritime origin with a large fetch over water. Based on previous experiments, the convection appears typical of maritime convection with widespread convection that has complex organization, but is not as deep or as intense as continental or coastal convection. Therefore, it is expected that the convection and cloud characteristics will be representative of conditions typical for wide areas of the tropics.

  8. ATOC 3500/CHEM 3151 Spring 2014 The San Joaquin, acid rain, and using a simple "box" model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    in the United States - experiences extended periods of stagnant air in the wintertime. These episodes are often are there in this "box?" (b) The major source of air pollution in the valley is from steam generators used in the oil recovery process. These generators emit SO2 at a rate of 400 moles km-2 day-1 . The SO2 is removed from

  9. The south central Texas heavy rain event of October 1998: an MM5 simulation and diagnosis of convective initiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Richard Kevin

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the weekend of 17-18 October 1998, extremely heavy rainfall over south central Texas resulted in widespread flash flooding and numerous river floods. Southern Hays County received 760 mm of rainfall, and an area of 18,000 km˛ recorded over...

  10. Possible linkages between Saharan dust and tropical cyclone rain band invigoration in the eastern Atlantic during NAMMA-06

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    for tropical cyclogenesis, it also provides an infusion of cloud condensation and ice nuclei which can

  11. A study of the observed areal distribution of rainfall as a function of the density of rain gages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez Bernal, Fernando

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . W. K. Henry A study was made of reported rainfall as a function of the density oi gages for several geographical areas including Tezas, Colombia, Guyana, Panama, Venezuela, and Ecuador--each having different terrain effects. Consideration..., and Panama areas using mean-monthly data. . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . 40 Comparison of depth-area relations from different gage density for one storm in East Yegua basin Cl?niiydg I l. 'ITRC?'UCTTOK Those "!ho i:ork i!it/ raiuf all iiata know...

  12. Radar MeteorologyRadar Meteorology Feb 20, 1941 10 cm (S-band) radar used to track rain showers (Ligda)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    (Ligda) Possibility of such observations was predicted by Ryde (1941) MIT Radiation Laboratory made in 1943 First operational weather radar, Panama, 1943 Science of radar meteorology born from WWII research fluctuations at 1/2 the wavelength of the incident radiation (a few meters in this case). Power returned from

  13. Catalysis of Protein Disulfide Bond Isomerization in a Homogeneous Substrate Elizabeth A. Kersteen,, Seth R. Barrows, and Ronald T. Raines*,,|

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raines, Ronald T.

    Catalysis of Protein Disulfide Bond Isomerization in a Homogeneous Substrate Elizabeth A. Kersteen in these assays are, however, heterogeneous, which complicates mechanistic analyses. Here, we report the first use this continuous assay to analyze catalysis by wild-type human PDI and a variant in which the C

  14. Co-Designing Sustainable Communities: The Identification and Incorporation of Social Performance Metrics in Native American Sustainable Housing and Renewable Energy System Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shelby, Ryan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conditions using rain water harvesting Conserve waterby using rain water harvesting Reduce energy consumption infor Pumping Water Baseball Fields Rain Harvesting Drawing &

  15. Marine Ecology Biology 335 Sonoma State University Spring 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Karina J.

    weather conditions. Required field gear: a. Rubber boots (knee-high) b. Rain coat (rain pants recommended

  16. A Robust Method for Computing Vehicle Ego-motion Gideon P. Stein Ofer Mano Amnon Shashua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shashua, Amnon

    and thus contributes false measurements for ego-motion calculation; also rain drops, wiper moving in rain

  17. Create a team*) out of colleagues from the KNMI R&D department Plan a weekend (3 -5 September 2010) with a lot of sunshine and no rain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    Create a team*) out of colleagues from the KNMI R&D department Plan a weekend (3 - 5 September 2010 and twelve year old whisky The team: Marietta Berkel, Hannelore Bloemink, Jan Willem Noteboom, Maarten & DEVELOPMENT "Innovation, Knowledge- and Project Management" Business Challenges Our Solution The Results Team

  18. Field Projects and Research Highlights for Jeff Nystuen 2004/2005 1. Spatial Averaging of Rain Generated Sound in the Ionian Sea, Greece: Jan-Apr 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nystuen, Jeffrey A.

    Generated Sound in the Ionian Sea, Greece: Jan-Apr 2004 An acoustic mooring with 4 PALs was deployed in 3 km deep water off the southwestern coast of Greece. Co-located radar measurements show the spatial

  19. Numerical simulation of the 16-19 October 1994 southeast Texas heavy rain event: precipitation results and diagnosis of the lifting mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petroski, Thomas John

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the period 16-19 October 1994, a mesoscale convective system (MCS) developed within a weakly forced large-scale environment over relatively flat terrain. This resulted in extreme rainfall totals and subsequent widespread flash flooding...

  20. The Junkyard in the Jungle: Transnational, Transnatural Nature in Karen Tei Yamashita’s Through the Arc of the Rain Forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simal, Begońa

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    distinct  field  within  literary  theory  and  criticism, field,” 12  with  the  turn  of  the  century  and  of  the  millennium,  ecocritical  theory Fields (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2009), which argues in favor of a “transnational  ecocritical theory” 

  1. Ch.3 Earth's Modern Atmosphere Learning Objective One

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Feifei

    ;Learning Objective Five: Acid Rain #12;Acid Rain "Acid rain" is a broad term referring to a mixture of wet. (US EPA) #12;The effects of acid rain Surface waters and aquatic animals Forests Automotive coatings Materials Visibility Human health #12;Acid rain damage to

  2. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 36, 14111414 (2001) Available online at http://www.uark.edu/meteor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    " and range from "acid rain" to "zoogeomorphology". They are well written and would be understandable to any", "landscape sensitivity", "medical geology", "rain splash" and "ecclesiastical geology" (that deals

  3. Magne&c fusion energy from physics to DEMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Clean no greenhouse gases, no acid rain · Safe passive safety · Clean no greenhouse gases, no acid rain · Safe passive safety

  4. Volcanic Hazards Introduc1on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Po

    & acid rain ­ lahars (mud flows, debris flows) ­ jokulhaups (glacical outbursts ­ tephra clouds ­ pyroclas1c flows & base surges ­ gases & acid rain

  5. Rainwater Harvesting in San Francisco Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bintliff, Jacob M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and planned rain- water harvesting (RWH) systems areadopted the Rain- water Harvesting Guidelines in ear- lywater management education was matched with a de- SFUSD Rainwater Harvesting

  6. An algebraic approach to machine learning and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markov, Zdravko

    rain mild high weak yes 5 rain cool normal weak yes 6 rain cool normal strong no 7 overcast cool normal strong yes 8 sunny mild high weak no 9 sunny cool normal weak yes 10 rain mild normal weak yes 11 sunny Machine Learning, c Tom M. Mitchell, McGraw Hill, 1997 3 #12;Conceptual Clustering No. covering milk

  7. RESOURCES FOR OUTDOOR WATER USE DETERMINATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melody, Moya

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    existing system, enabling irrigation as plants need it. • Consider installing rain-sensing technology

  8. Marine Fisheries On the cover: A coho salmon smoll

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fishery Management Council Members Named, Global Acid Rain Found, Chesapeake Bay Stripers Gain, Volcanic

  9. 1. Constituents of rainwater 2. pH and pKa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schofield, Jeremy

    Acid Rain Outline: 1. Constituents of rainwater 2. pH and pKa 3. Sources of acid rain 4. Adverse e#11;ects of acid rain 5. Controls 1: Constituents of rainwater #15; Gases are soluble in water: Henry. Strong acids formed upon dissolving: H 2 SO 4 and H 2 SO 3 . #12; Chemistry of Acid Rain #15; NO 2

  10. 134 MAY/JUNE 2006 THE SOCIAL STUDIES uch of Mesoamerica's rich cul-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahl, Jonathan D. W.

    eroding because of acid rain. Just as water dis- solves an Alka-Seltzer tablet, acid rain erodes Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) to study acid rain at Mexico's archaeological sites. One product, called Acid Thunder: Saving El TajĂ­n from Acid Rain. The supplement is in the form of a Webquest

  11. SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIATION IN CALCIUM AND ALUMINUM IN NORTHERN HARDWOOD FOREST FLOORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Richard P.

    -6955) (Received 23 December 2003; accepted 22 July 2004) Abstract. Acid rain results in losses of exchangeable: acid rain, Ca:Al, cation depletion, forest floor, soil 1. Introduction Acid rain is thought to have and Simonsson, 2003). Alternatively, mobilization of Al by acid rain from the mineral soil below may provide

  12. Single photon ionization of van der Waals clusters with a soft x-ray laser: ,,SO2...n and ,,SO2...n,,H2O...m

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocca, Jorge J.

    that return to earth in the form of acid depositions or "acid rain." Acid rain is one of the biggest environmental problems at present. Sulfur dioxide is the major contributor to acid rain and a generator of soot. The process of SO2 and water form- ing acid rain has been studied for some time in order to determine

  13. UnitOverview:AcidsintheEnvironment This set of three labs introduces the issue of ecosystem acidification. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    /base learning goals from lecture, while also introducing a tool relevant to environmental chemistry. #12;1 AcidRain will be considering how certain pollutants react in the environment to cause acid rain, also how acid rain can cause;2 Acid rain is attributed to a similar set of reactions involving sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides

  14. Multigrid and Multilevel Methods in Science and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    engineering (reservoir or pipeline simu­ lation), environmental studies (pollution tracking, acid rain

  15. Quality Control and Captive Rearing Genetics of the Biological Control Agent Trichogramma pretiosum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez-Cabrera, Jaime

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rain, presence of agrochemicals, parasitoid dispersion, orresidues of toxic agrochemicals, high parasitoid dispersion

  16. Global oceanic rainfall estimation from AMSR-E data based on a radiative transfer model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Kyoung-Wook

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    retrieval uncertainties. The algorithm uses six channels (dual polarizations at 36.5, 18.7 and 10.65GHz) and retrieves rain rates on a pixel-by-pixel basis. Monthly rain totals are estimated by summing average rain rates computed by merging six rain rates...

  17. Tom Pelland SDM class of 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & ventilation systems Vapor cycle systems Fuel tank inerting systems Bleed air systems Ice & rain protection

  18. To cite this document: Rousseau, A. and Darbon, S. and Paillet, P. and Girard, S. and Bourgade, J. L. and Raine, M. and Duhamel, O. and Goiffon, Vincent and Magnan,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mailhes, Corinne

    . and Cervantes, Paola and Hamel, M. and Larour, J. Nuclear background effects on plasma diagnostics for megajoule-oatao@inp-toulouse.fr #12;Nuclear background effects on plasma diagnostics for megajoule class laser facility A. Rousseau at higher radiative constraints. Other facilities such as nuclear reactor or accelerator have been also used

  19. STORMREADY! Winter weather at Appalachian usually includes snow, ice, freezing rain, and sleet from November through April. Those that have spent several years in the Boone area understand how quickly the weather can

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Annkatrin

    and signals. Inspect: Check your vehicle's tires, wiper blades, fluids, lights, belts and hoses. Time: Allow

  20. The May 22, 1915, explosive eruption of Lassen Peak, California, blasted rock fragments and pumice high into the air and rained fine volcanic ash as far away as Winnemucca, Nevada, 200 miles to the east. In this photograph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The May 22, 1915, explosive eruption of Lassen Peak, California, blasted rock fragments and pumice of volcanic rock, called lava domes, were created by eruptions of lava too viscous to flow readily away from its source. Eruptions about 27,000 years ago formed Lassen Peak, probably in only a few years

  1. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of Delaware

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House, 37 in rain or snow. The resulting "acid rain" may produce serious ecological effects on the environment3

  2. Institute Science Camp Rules 1. Campers should arrive at and depart from the Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (1 E. Hazelwood Dr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bashir, Rashid

    and lab coats will be provided while in the lab. The lab can be chilly, so layering clothes is recommended, at least one liter of drinking water, wet wipes or antibacterial sanitizer, rain gear (if rain is expected

  3. Financing Your Graduate Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    8 Spring 2014 #12;Creating Key Words 9 Effect of acid rain on reproduction of freshwater fish & leisure activities Population biology Sport fishing Reproductive biology Environmental Studies Acid rain

  4. GR Focus Review Impacts of global warming on Permo-Triassic terrestrial ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    with long-term aridification and short-term bursts of warming and acid rain. Wildfires at the Permo have succumbed primarily to acid rain, mass wasting, and aridification. Plants may have been more

  5. Modeling Tag Dependencies in Tagged Documents Timothy N. Rubin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Tim

    ACID RAIN 11 AGNI MISSILE 1 party .014 iran .021 abortion .098 acid .070 missile .032 government .014 arms .019 court .033 rain .067 india .031 political .011 reagan .014 abortions .028 lakes .028

  6. Trent University Environmental and Resource Studies Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Michael

    scale problem of acid rain from sulphur emissions and the important problem of tropospheric ozone Acid Rain, Modelling and Critical Loads Air Pollution Topics [Ă? 3] Steady-State Water Chemistry model

  7. Regression analysis Dependent variable (WMMY)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langseth, Helge

    ;64 65 #12;66 Multiple Linear Regression 67 Example ­ Acid rain in Norwegian lakes Data from a study of the influence of acid rain on Norwegian lakes, made in 1986. Totally 1005 lakes were studied. In this example

  8. acid hypersecretory states: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    15 Allowance trading activity and state regulatory rulings : evidence from the U.S. Acid Rain Program MIT - DSpace Summary: The U.S. Acid Rain Program is one of the first,...

  9. MAC 560 --Tropospheric Chemistry I Spring, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    chemistry · to learn the atmospheric chemistry behind well-known phenomena such as smog, acid rain.3. Sulfur chemistry and acid rain 5.4. Nitrogen chemistry 5.5. Organic acids 5.6. Ecological and structural

  10. Pollution Ecology: ERSC 355 page 1/4 POLLUTION ECOLOGY: ERSC 355

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Michael

    Pollution MH/TH 2 Sept 17 London Smog & LA Smog (photochemical smog) TH 3 Sept 24 Acid Rain effects on Aquatic Ecosystems MH 4 Oct 1 Acid Rain effects on Terrestrial Ecosystems & Air Pollution in the Kawartha

  11. Volcanoes and the Great Dying: The end-Permian extinction Continental Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    Sul dic ocean Acid rain #12;Annually averaged pH and sulfur induce intense acid rain Black et al. (Geology, 2014) #12;CH3Cl released in lower troposphere

  12. acid catabolism evidence: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Index 21 Allowance trading activity and state regulatory rulings : evidence from the U.S. Acid Rain Program MIT - DSpace Summary: The U.S. Acid Rain Program is one of the first,...

  13. ATMOSPHERIC ~ ~ RESEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moelders, Nicole

    . 1. Introduction Air pollution and acid rain have become the subject of (not only) scientific within the troposphere and the transport of pollutants as well as acid rain even in rural regions

  14. Water Transfer from Soil to the Atmosphere as Related to Climate and Soil Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wendt, C. W.

    of the soil surface is the limiting parameter. Effects of Crude Oil on Evaporation - Crude oil applied to the wet soil surfaces of the lysimeters following rains suppressed evaporation immediately following the rains. However, the value of the crude oil...

  15. ST 27 cvr pgs.indd

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    product goes up when it rains and down without rain because they don't have storage or infrastructure to take advantage of water resources," says Finley. Develop- ing countries...

  16. Must . . . stay . . . strong!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Fintel, Kai

    It is a recurring matra that epistemic must creates a statement that is weaker than the corresponding flat-footed assertion: It must be raining vs. It’s raining. Contrary to classic discussions of the phenomenon such as ...

  17. Use of multi-sources 10-years quantitative precipitation estimation re-analyses in a lumped rainfall-runoff model.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of precipitation depths. Indeed, meteorological radar provides spatially distributed rainfall depths information (radars, hourly and daily rain gauges, satellite data, model freezing level heights, etc with rain gauge network. First, a methodology for automated identification and treatment of radar

  18. Reduction of NOx by plasma-assisted methods , F. Leipold1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    acid rain and ozone production when it is released into the air. Reduction of NOx in the exhaust gas

  19. H IGHLIGHTS PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    low­cost fuel. . No chemical combustion products and therefore no contribution to acid rain or global

  20. Investigating the preservation of nitrate isotopic composition in a tropical ice core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    ., 2009; Holtgrieve et al., 2011] and a primary component of acid rain in the form of nitric acid (HNO3

  1. Southwest MN IPM STUFF All the pestilence that's fit to print

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    sprayed volunteers in corn. SBA on small soybeans are susceptible to mortality from heavy rain and wind

  2. Innovative Water Reuse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaber, F. H.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concern? Urban BMPs ? Rain garden- bioretention areas ? Porous pavements ? Green roofs ? Rainwater harvesting Home Rain Garden Rain Garden in Parking Lot Types of Permeable Pavement Paver blocks Porous asphalt Porous concrete Turf Paver... management 1.Rain gardens 2.Porous pavement 3.Green roofs Hydrologic Cycle ISSUES ? Water Conservation ? Is there enough? ? Can conservation make a difference? ? Water Quality ? Contamination/pollution due to runoff Eagle...

  3. RECLAIMing Air, Redefining Democracy : : A History of the Regional Clean Air Incentives Market, Environmental Justice, and Risk, 1960 - present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tribbett, Krystal L.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    acid rain: reduce these emissions by using lower sulfur content fuel, or by installing control technology known as scrubbers

  4. policyELSEVIER Research Policy 26 (1997) 157-168 Policy for science for policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    : A commentary on Lambright on ozone depletion and acid rain Roger A. Pielke Jr. a,*, Michele M. Betsill b a En. We find that the primary lesson of the ozone experience, supported in the case of acid rain, lies: Ozone depletion; Acid rain; Policy relevance; Policy-for-science-for-policy 1. Introduction

  5. This article was downloaded by: [73.183.71.173] On: 06 July 2014, At: 21:50

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Brenden

    : Cartographically Constructing the Acid Rain Environmental Issue, 1972­1980 Brenden E. McNeil a & Karen L. Culcasi L. Culcasi (2014): Maps on Acid: Cartographically Constructing the Acid Rain Environmental Issue://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms- and-conditions #12;Maps on Acid: Cartographically Constructing the Acid Rain Environmental Issue, 1972

  6. The determination of regionalised wind roses for the UK, for use with the HARM acid depositional model.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metcalfe Dr. Claire Jarvis & Dr. Jim Nicholson #12;Abstract- The Hull acid rain (HARM) depositional model of Geography) is not permitted. #12;1 INTRODUCTION The Hull acid rain (HARM) Lagrangian receptor depositional, 2002, p1 & 6). Other acid rain models that use the Lagrangian receptor technique such as the original

  7. 82 2010 USDA Research Forum on Invasive Species GTR-NRS-P-75 MULTITROPHIC EFFECTS OF CALCIUM AVAILABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Delaware, Departments of Entomology and Wildlife Ecology, Newark, DE 19716 ABSTRACT Acid rain adsorbed to soil surfaces, and (2) aluminum is released to soil water by acid rain and displaces adsorbed, causing calcium to be more readily leached from the soil. The effects of acid rain on soil calcium

  8. I was going to become a science I was going to become

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    Environmentand Future.The severe effects of acid rain on Swedish lakes were just being observed by some.The research project we worked on had to do with acid rain,an area that would generate most of my research in a variety of directions. As a consequence of going to acid rain conferences and being interested in the area

  9. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 1050910516, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/10509/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Jeffrey

    of formic acid (Monod et al., 2000), which in turn increases acidification of rain. These various- centrations measured in 49 rain events collected between 28 August 2007 and 10 July 2008 in Wilmington, NC production, but there are also increases in biogenic activity during this time period. Rain events

  10. Supervolcanoes! General feedback on talks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jellinek, Mark

    eruptions is: a) "Volcanic Winter" b) Acid Rain c) Ozone Depletion d) Ocean Acidification JUSTIFY YOUR is: a) "Volcanic Winter" b) Acid Rain c) Ozone Depletion d) Ocean Acidification JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWER and aerosols into the stratosphere that rain out as SO2 droplets in a few years. b) Inject ash and aerosols

  11. These notes are from 2010 Cap and Trade Working Already

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    Acid Rain These notes are from 2010 #12;Cap and Trade Working Already December 15, 2009 10:14 AM across the country decreased emissions of SO2, a precursor to acid rain, to 7.6 million tons in 2008. #12;Overview of Acid Rain Phenomenon Most common term for acidification of the environment, which can occur

  12. Fate of Acids in Clouds 1. Combination with bases dissolved in clouds: acids neutralized

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schofield, Jeremy

    problems. E#11;ects of Acid Rain 1. Vegetation: SO 2 is toxic to plants #15; Leaves damaged below pH 3 rain { Athens and Rome cathedrals and statues: pollution leads to acid rain #15; SteelFate of Acids in Clouds 1. Combination with bases dissolved in clouds: acids neutralized NH 3 (g

  13. 4, 32853315, 2007 Predicting long-term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    is rain-fed and strongly affected by acid atmospheric deposition, the other spring- fed and only to the rain-fed will be limited to only the acid-tolerant stone- fly, caddisfly and dipteran taxa of the rain-fed branch, and predict future recovery up to 2050 under current proposed emissions levels

  14. Joint Implementation: Lessons from Title IV's Voluntary Compliance Programs1 by Erica Atkeson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ' 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA), also known as the Acid Rain Program, is the largest public policy-in participants from entering the Acid Rain Program. The differing response to Title IV's two voluntary programs ..................................................................................... 9 3. The United States Acid Rain Program

  15. Thursday, March 11, 2010 Pages to read: CH5, 407-422

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    Acid Rain Thursday, March 11, 2010 Pages to read: CH5, 407-422 #12;Cap and Trade Working Already rain, to 7.6 million tons in 2008. #12;Overview of Acid Rain Phenomenon Most common term Agency announced that power plants across the country decreased emissions of SO2, a precursor to acid

  16. Ordering Transactions with Prediction in Distributed Object Stores Ittay Eyal1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keidar, Idit

    Nodes (ACID-RAIN). This preliminary ordering decreases abort rate, and eliminates aborts in error using the Transactional-YCSB work- loads show the scalability and benefits of ACID- RAIN. 1 Introduction. In this paper, we present ACID-RAIN -- an architecture for ACID transactions in a Resilient Archive

  17. 863 58884112 FAX:58884035

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zare, Richard N.

    Zare, because sulfur dioxide will be oxidized to sulfuric acid, which acidifies rains, is it going to have negative climate outcomes such as acid rain while utilizing sulfur dioxide aerosol to block causes acid rain, but the atmosphere we mentioned is specifically stratosphere. All the sulfur dioxide

  18. From Acid Dip to Thriving Waters The Impact of Emissions Reductions on Lake Recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    . 1 Introduction Acid rain, ozone depletion and climate change have been termed the three since then, little discussion remains of acid rain and ozone depletion. This is due in large part of ozone depletion and acid rain are no longer intensifying, damage from excessive pollution in the past

  19. Gene E. Likens CURRENT PUBLICATIONS 2010-present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canham, Charles D.

    (7):733-735. Likens, G. E. 2010. Acid rain. In: C. J. Cleveland (ed.) Encyclopedia of Earth. (Washington, D in the Encyclopedia of Earth October 2006; Last revised January 2, 2010; Acid_rain. E. and T. J. Butler. 2011. Acid rain. Encyclopaedia Britannica. http

  20. Current Event: Vice-Minister of Environmental Protection, Zhang Lijun -China is still producing more ,,traditional pollutants than it can bear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    Acid Rain Current Event: Vice-Minister of Environmental Protection, Zhang Lijun -China is still and ammonium nitrate will also be cut by 8-10% Acid Rain: caused by the emission of NOx and SO2. Originally acid, nitric acid and sulfuric acid, which fall as rain. -pH acidic. A pH > 7 are alkaline

  1. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Vol. 113A, No. 4, pp. 369-374, 1996 Copyright 0 1996 Elsevier Science Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tattersall, Glenn

    balance, acid rain, amphibia INTRODUCTION Numerous hypotheses have been proposed to explain the recent dis- ease, predation and acid rain are but some of the potential causes (2). Acidification of amphibian breeding ponds by acid rain (especially spring snow melt), acid mine drainage and naturally acidic

  2. Comparative study of nitrogen assimilation in woodland J. Pearson, E.C.M. Clough J.L. Kershaw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to acid rain a particular tree spe- cies might be. A low capacity for leaf nitro- gen assimilation may, Such pools might repre- sent an important buffering capacity in relation to acid rain inputs (Raven, 1988). #12;Certainly, of the broad leaf trees, it seems that recent reports for acid rain damage are becoming

  3. SPECIAL FEATURE Terrestrial and Freshwater Biogeochemistry1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Robert B.

    on the small watershed-ecosystem approach, this research has been instrumental in identifying acid rain with land use. It continues through the important discoveries of acid rain and nitrogen saturation in Europe to recover that must be considered in managing ecosystem recovery from acid rain and similar large

  4. Environmental factors determining the trace-level sorption of silver and thallium to soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    of the sorbents, as well as other environmental factors (simulated acid rain application and the presence not effectively sorb Tl. Acid rain and addition of potassium (K+ ) and ammonium (NH4 + ) as competing ions had.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Silver; Thallium; Sorption; Acid rain; Selectivity; Soil 0048

  5. For permission to copy, contact editing@geosociety.org 2003 Geological Society of America 373

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, William P.

    record from the Finger Lakes, New York: Impact of acid rain on a buffered terrane C.K. Lajewski H rain have been conducted in areas with low acid-neutralizing, or buffering, capaci- ty. In contrast- tionally been thought to be ``insensitive'' to the effects of acid rain. To address this fun- damental

  6. New Phytol. (1985) 99, 389^H)5 389 DIRECT FOLIAR EFFECTS OF SIMULATED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neufeld, Howard S.

    New Phytol. (1985) 99, 389^H)5 389 DIRECT FOLIAR EFFECTS OF SIMULATED ACID RAIN I. DAMAGE, GROWTH acid rain (pH 5-6, 40, 30 and 2 0) were observed for seedlings of four deciduous tree species native have contributed to the observed reductions in growth. Key words: Acid rain, gas exchange

  7. ISRAEL JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, Vol. 55, 2009, pp. 153156 DOI: 10.1560/IJEE.55.2.153

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mangel, Marc

    . In a desert, rain falls in pulses that are patchy in space. In some coastal deserts rain may not fall for long in Chile and Peru, it is claimed that rain did not fall for nearly 400 years). Temperature is also clearly between the photosynthetic pathway (C3, C4, or the less common Crassulacean Acid Metabolism [CAM]), plant

  8. Persistent Eects of Short-term, High Exposure to Chlorine Gas on Physiology and Growth of Pinus ponderosa and Pseudotsuga menziesii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewer, Carol

    of exposure to chlorine gas are similar to those of acid rain and acid mist because chlorine gas forms highly that acid rain and acid mist aect the composition and structure of plant cuticles and their production, foliar damage from acid mist and rain consists of chlorosis, necrotic mottling, and necrosis (e.g. Heck

  9. NOAAlNMFS Developments Regional Fishery Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , G.H.C. Reid & Company, Inc., Pago Pago, American Samoa. Acid Rain Detected In Isolated Areas Globally Acidity - some occurring naturally, some from manmade causes - has been found in rain in five announced. The Commerce Department agency said acid rain from manmade causes was found in St. G

  10. New Phytol. (1985) 99, 407^16 DIRECT FOLIAR EFFECTS OF SIMULATED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neufeld, Howard S.

    New Phytol. (1985) 99, 407^16 DIRECT FOLIAR EFFECTS OF SIMULATED ACID RAIN IL LEAF SURFACE to damage from simulated acid rain. The species examined differed in the type and extent of epicuticular wax different among species, and is highly correlated with previous reports of damage from simulated acid rain

  11. ISSN: 1047-3289 J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc. 61:12461261 DOI: 10.1080/10473289.2011.596741

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jun

    2Ă? . INTRODUCTION Acid rain is a popular term for the atmospheric deposition of acidified rain, snow chemical, meteorological, physical, and biological processes. Acid rain is a particularly important.1080/10473289.2011.596741 Copyright 2011 Air & Waste Management Association TECHNICAL PAPER Simulated Seasonal Variations in Wet Acid

  12. biologists is to separate the normative aspect of their work (preventing extinction and conserving diversity) from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    ), ISBN: 978-0-19- 928588-4 (acid-free paper). Key words: biodiversity; conservation biology; rain forest­1547 � 2011 by the Ecological Society of America Tropical rain forest ecology Ghazoul, Jaboury, and Douglas Sheil. 2010. Tropical rain forest ecology, diversity, and conservation. Oxford University Press

  13. Vertical structure of tropical oceanic convective clouds and its relation to precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Dennis

    data are collocated with precipitation rates from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR high tops that are nearly two km deeper than moderately raining or non- raining high clouds. Rain rate.1029/2007GL032811. 1. Introduction [2] Tropical convection plays an important role in the energy and moisture

  14. Ensemble Tropical Rainfall Potential (eTRaP) Forecasts ELIZABETH E. EBERT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebert, Beth

    for more than 300 deaths in the United States during the period 1970­99, including 50 deaths related landfall in the United States between 2004 and 2008 shows that the eTRaP rain amounts are more accurate-h rain forecast based on estimated rain rates from microwave sensors aboard polar

  15. The Clipper Group, Inc. -Technology Acquisition Consultants Strategic Advisors 888 Worcester Street Suite 140 Wellesley, Massachusetts 02482 U.S.A. 781-235-0085 781-235-5454 FAX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was driving, the windshield wipers came on automat- ically! I thought that I had hit the wiper switch by accident, as it did not appear to be raining, but while I was searching for the wiper control, they stopped to rain. As I observed the wipers, I realized that they were operating at a faster rate as the rain became

  16. ENVIRONMETRICS Environmetrics (in press)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Bo

    ) radar-reflectivity data and the corresponding rain gauge measurements. Simulation experiments with hydrological models. Since rain gauges physically measure the depth of rainfall at the points of measurement simulating large river basins. Compared to rain gauges, weather radars such as the Next generation weather

  17. The French community Quantitative Precipitation Estimation (QPE) Re-analysis Project : Establishment of a reference multi-year, multi-source, nation-wide, hourly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    distributed rainfall depths that are potentially more informative than traditional ground rain gauge networks (radars, hourly and daily rain gauges, satellite data, model freezing level heights, ...) to obtain combination of radar data with hourly and daily rain gauge network. First, methodology for automated

  18. GENE E. LIKENS FOUNDING DIRECTOR AND PRESIDENT EMERITUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canham, Charles D.

    . Likens. 2012. Acid rain, in Encyclopedia of Environmetrics Second Edition. In: A.-H. El-Shaarawi and W Butler, T. J. and G.E. Likens. 2012. Acid rain, in Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/3761/acid-rain> #12;2012-13 Annual Report -- Dr. Gene E. Likens 2 D'Elia, C. F and G. E. Likens. 2012

  19. Roofing as a Contributor to Urban Runoff Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Shirley E.

    at: http://www.eng.ua.edu/~rpitt Map courtesy of U.S. Geological Website on Acid Rain #12;2 Roof · Summer 2002: Laboratory TCLP (acid rain simulation) · Fall/Winter 2002 and Spring 2003: Laboratory Testing Set-Up at Penn State Harrisburg During Rain Event, August 2005 pH Rainfall pH Range: 3.9 ­ 6

  20. cnEiFrnr,:-BR,1;q*tsE ns John Franks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    cnEiFrnr,:- BR,1;q*tsE ns Acid rain John Franks The liDk betwccn sulphur at|d dtrogen odde5 sofe.i,rc fro; th..f..ts torhesethe6xh6ustsofmiilionsol porlol of acid rain, little has been don. Acid rain was mntioned by Bdish chemistRobenAngus Smirhas a factor in lhe air a.ound Manchesterand 'cor

  1. Direct effects of acidic wet deposition on photosynthesis and stomatal conductance of two Populus clones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    in a greenhouse in plastic containers (11.2 1) and exposed to simu- lated acidic rain of pH 4.0 or to a control effects of acid precipitation. The interactive effects of leaf age and expo- sure to acid rain on leaf gas significant differ- ences between the two pH treatments. Results Net photosynthesis was decreased by acid rain

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - amide bonds stabilize Sample Search Results

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    Amide-Amide and Amide-Water Hydrogen Bonds Summary: Bonds: Implicationsfor Protein Folding and Stability Eric S.Eberhardt and Ronald T. Rained Department... folds, many of...

  3. A Scienca Ssrvice Featurp 7 WHY THE LrEATHER 1

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    @.rYgale, and betmen a four-inch deluge and a two-inch heavy rain, .,.-..---rr-- (TOMORROW: Quiet Weather) A l l r i g

  4. Selection of bioclimatically representative biological reserve systems under climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pyke, C R; Fischer, Douglas T

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of the American Water Resources Association 39, 771–for bicriterion problems. Water Resources Research 15, 1001–the accumulation of rain water while restricting the in?

  5. NNSA Procurement Perspective - Joe Waddell, NNSA Senior Procurement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Procurement Projects Perspective - Bob Raines, Associate Administrator for Acquisition and Project Management, NNSA Aligning Contract Incentives Subject: Cost and Price Analysis...

  6. Construction Projects May 2014 Section Campus

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    Blows, Mark

    Construction Pinjarra Hills S10 N/A Replace Rain/River Alert Gauge on UQ Grounds at Pinjarra Hills. TBA TBA

  7. Monthly Performance Report

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    a windstorm when one of the guy wire anchors failed. The instrumentation equipment (solar panel, storage battery, temperature sensor, rain tip bucket, wind vane and data...

  8. SRM 2372: Past, Present, Erica Butts, Margaret Kline,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ Microfluidic (Fluidigm BioMark) ­ Emulsion/droplet PCR (Bio-Rad QX100, RainDance) · Each partition will contain

  9. acid conserved neutralizing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: itself against acidification and is used to monitor the effect of acid rain on watersheds. From 1993MASTERS REPORT ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF ACID...

  10. acid biosynthesis revealed: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: bioavailability of aluminum triggered by in- dustrialization and acid rain 20. The presence of organic acidsThe Metabolism of Aluminum Citrate and...

  11. acid aerosol exposure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nenes, Athanasios 8 Neutralization of soil aerosol and its impact on the distribution of acid rain over east Asia Geosciences Websites Summary: Neutralization of soil aerosol and...

  12. acid biosynthesis inhibitors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: bioavailability of aluminum triggered by in- dustrialization and acid rain 20. The presence of organic acidsThe Metabolism of Aluminum Citrate and...

  13. acid leather yellow: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Atmospheric Environment 36 (2002) 503509 Trend of acid rain and neutralization by yellow sand Geosciences Websites Summary: Atmospheric...

  14. abscisic acid biosynthesis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: bioavailability of aluminum triggered by in- dustrialization and acid rain 20. The presence of organic acidsThe Metabolism of Aluminum Citrate and...

  15. ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: CHP GUIDE #1 - Q & A ON COMBINED...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the overall energy consumption, with its associated negative environmental impact (acid rain, smog, poor air quality) and political consequences (reliance on foreign oil) of...

  16. australian acid sulfate: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Robock, Alan 5 Suppression of rice methane emission by sulfate deposition in simulated acid rain Geosciences Websites Summary: from rice agriculture. Emissions from rice plants...

  17. acid ono-2506 treated: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    al. 2001-01-01 19 Suppression of rice methane emission by sulfate deposition in simulated acid rain Geosciences Websites Summary: from rice agriculture. Emissions from rice plants...

  18. acids suppresses diethylnitrosamine-induced: Topics by E-print...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Topic Index 1 Suppression of rice methane emission by sulfate deposition in simulated acid rain Geosciences Websites Summary: from rice agriculture. Emissions from rice plants...

  19. Quantum Chemical Calculations of Sulfate Adsorption at the Al-and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    such as Ca2+ and Mg2+ are often replaced by Al3+ in regions affected by acid rain (1). In acid mine drainage

  20. acid neutralization capacity: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: itself against acidification and is used to monitor the effect of acid rain on watersheds. From 1993MASTERS REPORT ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF ACID...

  1. acid suppression therapy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2006-01-01 2 Suppression of rice methane emission by sulfate deposition in simulated acid rain Geosciences Websites Summary: from rice agriculture. Emissions from rice plants...

  2. acid fgd additives: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere. Efforts to curb damage to the environment by acid rain has necessitated the construction of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems...

  3. acid suppresses uv-b-induced: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Topic Index 1 Suppression of rice methane emission by sulfate deposition in simulated acid rain Geosciences Websites Summary: from rice agriculture. Emissions from rice plants...

  4. acid suppression trial: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1997-01-01 2 Suppression of rice methane emission by sulfate deposition in simulated acid rain Geosciences Websites Summary: from rice agriculture. Emissions from rice plants...

  5. acid d13c analysis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: itself against acidification and is used to monitor the effect of acid rain on watersheds. From 1993MASTERS REPORT ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF ACID...

  6. acid neutralizing capacity: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: itself against acidification and is used to monitor the effect of acid rain on watersheds. From 1993MASTERS REPORT ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF ACID...

  7. acidic alpha-amino acids: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    acid indicated that more succinic acid... Gilliland, Patti Lynn 2012-06-07 24 A ACID RAIN Audrey Gibson Geosciences Websites Summary: , oxygen, and oxidants to form...

  8. acid levels metabolic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: bioavailability of aluminum triggered by in- dustrialization and acid rain 20. The presence of organic acidsThe Metabolism of Aluminum Citrate and...

  9. Quantitative Analysis of Variability and Uncertainty in Environmental Data and Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, H. Christopher

    ..................................................................................... 12 2.2.2 Role of NOx in Acid Rain Formation ................................................................................................................ 9 2.1.3 Effects of Acid Deposition

  10. acid function biosynthesis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: bioavailability of aluminum triggered by in- dustrialization and acid rain 20. The presence of organic acidsThe Metabolism of Aluminum Citrate and...

  11. acid biosynthesis leads: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: bioavailability of aluminum triggered by in- dustrialization and acid rain 20. The presence of organic acidsThe Metabolism of Aluminum Citrate and...

  12. acidic sulfate electrolyte: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Robock, Alan 5 Suppression of rice methane emission by sulfate deposition in simulated acid rain Geosciences Websites Summary: from rice agriculture. Emissions from rice plants...

  13. acid soil tolerance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Websites Summary: 1980; however, soils collected during the earlier phases of acid rain research have led to a growing Indications of Soil Recovery from Acidic...

  14. acid copper sulfate: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Robock, Alan 7 Suppression of rice methane emission by sulfate deposition in simulated acid rain Geosciences Websites Summary: from rice agriculture. Emissions from rice plants...

  15. acid biosynthesis synthesis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: bioavailability of aluminum triggered by in- dustrialization and acid rain 20. The presence of organic acidsThe Metabolism of Aluminum Citrate and...

  16. acid biosynthesis genes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: bioavailability of aluminum triggered by in- dustrialization and acid rain 20. The presence of organic acidsThe Metabolism of Aluminum Citrate and...

  17. acid suppression predict: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Davis, Matt 2 Suppression of rice methane emission by sulfate deposition in simulated acid rain Geosciences Websites Summary: from rice agriculture. Emissions from rice plants...

  18. actual acid sulfate: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Robock, Alan 5 Suppression of rice methane emission by sulfate deposition in simulated acid rain Geosciences Websites Summary: from rice agriculture. Emissions from rice plants...

  19. Bayesian networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Judea Pearl

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    evidence that it is wet (abduction). O n the other hand, ifon or that it is raining (abduction); but if we then observe

  20. Teaching Organic Farming and Gardening: Resources for Instructors, 3rd Edition. Part 1 - Skills and Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Residual and decomposed organic matter held in the soil Infiltration The absorption of waterresidual rain moisture is typically lost from the root zone as water

  1. Bedmap2: improved ice bed, surface and thickness datasets for Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Subglacial topography inferred from ice surface ter- rainSubglacial topography inferred from ice surface ter- rainsurface eleva- tion, ice thickness and subglacial topography

  2. atlantic forest reserve: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Archive Summary: An investigation of the effects of commercial mechanised selective logging on rain forest vegetation and mammals, was undertaken in the Lope Reserve, central...

  3. Cutaneous cancers in Calabar, Southern Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asuquo, Maurice E; Ebughe, Godwin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Skin cancer in Zaria, Nigeria. Trop Doct 1995; 25(Suppl. ):Malignancies in Kano, Northern Nigeria: A histopathologicalequatorial rain forest of Nigeria. International Journal of

  4. Crime and Demographics: An Analysis of LAPD Crime Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cung, Bianca

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    38 k-Means41 Comparison of Clusters in k-Means Clustering with k =44 Clusters in k-Means Clustering Starting with Rain vs. No

  5. VERTIGO (VERtical Transport In the Global Ocean): A study of particle sources and flux attenuation in the North Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buesseler, K.O.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2007. Relating estimates of CaCO3 production, export, andcolumn to measurements of CaCO3 rain into sediment traps and

  6. Appalachian State University Water Resources Planning Committee Impacts of Urbanization on Headwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thaxton, Christopher S.

    Temperature surges (Summer Months): · Contact and runoff from impervious surfaces during afternoon rain storms by groundwater influx UPSTREAM MIDSTREAM DOWNSTREAM #12;Appalachian State University ­ Water Resources Planning

  7. Released on receipt but intended for use

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    hadders and roa.bfl. An unusually bright mrning in When a fine drizzle of rain falls people i n &n a C a l

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - anopheles darlingi colectados Sample Search...

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    PIA MALANEY, SONIA EHRLICH SACHS, Summary: , 1984. Anopheles darlingi Root in the Suriname rain forest. Bull Entomol Res 74: 129-142. 35. Laubach HE... and behaviour of...

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - anopheles darlingi diptera Sample Search...

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    PIA MALANEY, SONIA EHRLICH SACHS, Summary: , 1984. Anopheles darlingi Root in the Suriname rain forest. Bull Entomol Res 74: 129-142. 35. Laubach HE... . Environmen- tal...

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - anopheles darlingi collected Sample Search...

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    PIA MALANEY, SONIA EHRLICH SACHS, Summary: , 1984. Anopheles darlingi Root in the Suriname rain forest. Bull Entomol Res 74: 129-142. 35. Laubach HE... and behaviour of...

  11. We All Share One Planet: Comparative Case Studies in Education for Sustainable Development in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arribas Layton, Lucas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    production and harvesting of drinking water. However, Pandyaalternative water sources like rainwater harvesting. (of its own water through a system of rain harvesting. All of

  12. aid increase foreign: Topics by E-print Network

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    are not yet sufficiently developed to become applied in tropical rain forests. The support of universities and the infrastructure for higher education in forestry, agriculture,...

  13. ap dna endonuclease: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    specificity Raines, Ronald T. 2 A DNA and restriction enzyme implementation of Turing Ma (Turing machines; Universal Turing machines; recombinant DNA; nonpalindromic...

  14. Webinar: Creating a Green Infrastructure Plan to Transform Your Community

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Green infrastructure approaches, such as incorporating trees and rain gardens into street designs, can help communities better manage stormwater while achieving other environmental, public health,...

  15. EPA Webcast- Creating a Green Infrastructure Plan to Transform Your Community

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Green infrastructure approaches, such as incorporating trees and rain gardens into street designs, can help communities better manage stormwater while achieving other environmental, public health,...

  16. Understanding Bulk Power Reliability: The Importance of Good Data and A Critical Review of Existing Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Emily

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    separation ConEd NY - Terrorist Attack WECC- AZNMSNVcontractor accident WECC- NWPP severe weather Date #Rain TransEnergie short circuit WECC line fault Jacksonville

  17. A,Science Service 3bature Released XGoiI receipt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bees returning w i t h either a partial or no load of nectar. Even the approach of clouds without rain

  18. ARM - Field Campaign - Observations and Modeling of the Green...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    future climate scenarios resulting from human activities globally show the possible drying and the eventual possible conversion of rain forest to savanna in response to global...

  19. --No Title--

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    assessing the performance of roof or wall assemblies in driving rain, estimating the drying time of masonry with trapped moisture and predicting the impact of repairs. The WUFI...

  20. The Strip: Las Vegas and the Symbolic Destruction of Spectacle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al, Stefan Johannes

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to double as an ice-skating rink, closed one year after itsa swimming tank, an ice-skating rink, a rain curtain and a

  1. Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to cellulose, which is critical for biofuels production. Tropical rain forest soils in Puerto Rico are characterized by frequent anoxic conditions and fluctuating redox,...

  2. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW FOR CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    areas, and other water sources that are vital in a region); and (vii) Tundra, coral reefs, or rain forests; or x (5) Involve genetically engineered organisms, synthetic...

  3. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW FOR CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    areas, and other water sources that are vital in a region); and (vii) Tundra, coral reefs, or rain forests; or x 5 ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW FOR CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION...

  4. Bouse Hills Pumping Plant to Harcuvar 115-kV Transmission Line

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    areas, and other water sources that are vital in a region); and X (vii) Tundra, coral reefs, or rain forests.; or X (5) Involve genetically engineered organisms, synthetic...

  5. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW FOR CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    areas, and other water sources that are vital in a region); and (vii) Tundra, coral reefs, or rain forests; or X (5) Involve genetically engineered organisms, synthetic X...

  6. Western Area Power Administration, Desert Southwest Region Parker...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    areas, and other water sources that are vital in a region); and X (vii) Tundra, coral reefs, or rain forests.; or X (5) Involve genetically engineered organisms, synthetic...

  7. Mead-Liberty 345-kV Transmission Line Access Road Maintenance...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    areas, and other water sources that are vital in a region); and X (vii) Tundra, coral reefs, or rain forests.; or X (5) Involve genetically engineered organisms, synthetic...

  8. ENVIRONMENT AL REVIEW FOR CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    areas, and other water sources that are vital in a region); and (vii) Tundra, coral reefs, or rain forests; or x 6 ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW FOR CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION...

  9. Application of Categorical Exclusions (1021.410) Disagree Agree...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    areas, and other water sources that are vital in a region); and X (vii) Tundra, coral reefs, or rain forests.; or X (5) Involve genetically engineered organisms, synthetic...

  10. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW for CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a ; and * Tundra, coral reefs, or rain forests . 1 Applicable statutory, regulatory, or permit requirements for environment, safety and health, including requirements of DOE and...

  11. Can Federal Funding Create Bicycle Friendly Cities? A Comparative Study of Bicycle Planning in Sacramento and Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal, Sept. 28th, 2004. Beatley, Timothy (2000). Greencontribute to acid rain) (Beatley, 2000). Carbon dioxideas European cities (Beatley, 2000). Additionally increased

  12. New York building stands out, saves energy | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and other features, the building mitigates heat radiation. A rain water harvesting unit reduces runoff into the sewage system, and the water is reused for nonpotable purposes...

  13. Fun With The Sun - Teacher's Activity Guide for Elementary Grades...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the primary causes of environmental pollution including smog, acid rain, and the Greenhouse effect. Smog is formed when exhaust fumes of cars and buses mix with sunlight. The...

  14. aqueous carbonate process: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    acid rain, ground water pollution, depletion of stratospheric ozone and concerns over global warming have become issues that can no longer be ignored. With the increasing...

  15. The southeastern snowstorms of 10-13 January and 8-11 February 1973

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Jiann-Sang Al

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to give a nece sary condition for forecasting snow (sleet and freezing rain) vs rain. A three- dimensional approach i necessary in order to describe properly the relation among the types of precipitation. DEDICATION To my Nother ond Father, Yua... or equal to zero. Hilworth and Bailey (1971), using 1000-mb vs 850-mb wet- bulb temperature, designed a decision graph f' or the forecasting of rain, freezing rain, mixed precipitation, or snow. The deci ion graph for this method is given in Fig. l...

  16. Z .Cold Regions Science and Technology 30 1999 3541 www.elsevier.comrlocatercoldregions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Hans-Peter

    ) Corresponding author. Tel.: q1-206-616-5393; E-mail: hpm@geophys.washington.edu snowpacks during rain and also

  17. A Modeling Study of Typhoon Nari (2001) at Landfall. Part I: Topographic Effects MING-JEN YANG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Da-Lin

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    features as well as structural changes, as verified against radar and rain gauge observations depth, latent heat release from TCs, and coastal surface conditions. The multiscale interac- tions

  18. BEHIND THE SCENES: TAKE A LOOK AT THE CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    CHANGES along the sidewalk entry to the parking lot now allow stormwater run-off to drain into this rain. This minor paving change reaps huge benefits to improving stormwater quality as rain can now can seep back into the ground rather than flow directly into our storm drain system. 4. The same approach applies to the NEW

  19. Oregon State University Sun Grant Western Regional Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    to smog, acid rain, and other atmospheric pollutants. The multi-institutional team seeks to determine emissions of green house gases and those contributing to acid rain. Progress to Date Four institutions developed a protocol to investigate fatty acid differences attributable to temperature, as affected

  20. Name /entc/25_105 09/27/2005 12:24PM Plate # 0-Composite pg 37 # 1 Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 000000, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vatnick, Itzick

    between acid rain and atmospheric pollution and coined the term acid rain. Many sources of acid and Chemistry, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 000­000, 2006 2006 SETAC Printed in the USA 0730-7268/06 $12.00 .00 ACID 7 July 2005) Abstract--Acidic environments are physiological stressors for amphibians. The objective

  1. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    - pheric moisture to produce volcanic smog (vog) and acid rain. Vog poses a health hazard by aggravating preexist- ing respiratory ailments, and acid rain damages crops and can leach lead into household water acid and other sulfate compounds. Small amounts of several toxic metals, including selenium, mercury

  2. Air Quality Standards & ATOC/CHEM 5151

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    2) · Irritating to lung tissue ­ flu-like symptoms · Huge issue for acid rain and regional wet not an issue in the US any more · SO2 ­ significant component of acid rain and urban particulates; respiratory

  3. Group Presentations: 1. Flooding Oct 29, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sylke

    . Smog Nov 15, 2010 5. Acid rain Nov 22, 2010 6. Monsoons Nov 24, 2010 7. El Nino/El Nina Nov 29, 2010 8, 2010 14. Carbon cycle tba 15. Rain Making tba 16. Ocean circulation tba 17. Atmosphere of Venus tba 18

  4. I n s i d e t h i s i s s u e

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    as acid rain and secondhand smoke. To read the full article published online click here. Sixth College at Conference in one of my races, regardless of the pouring rain. As a team I'm most proud of how we've come

  5. Meeting NSPI's 2010 SO2 emission reduction cap Larry Hughes, Mandeep Dhaliwal, and Nikita Sheth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    The Canada-Wide Acid Rain Strategy for Post-2000. One of the objectives of the strategy is "to meet 141,750 108,750 2010 94,500 72,500 1 In the 2003 Annual Progress Report for The Canada-Wide Acid Rain the environmental threshold of critical loads for acid position across Canada" through a number of actions

  6. Atmospheric Environment 39 (2005) 45754582 Conjugate mass transfer during gas absorption by falling liquid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elperin, Tov

    , and then it is converted to sulfuric acid in the presence of water, forming acid fogs and acid rains. Fundamental mechanism of the acid rain formation partially results from sulfur oxidation and absorption by water droplets the wet acid deposition in the environment. Oxides of nitrogen (NOx) such as nitric oxide and nitrogen

  7. Carbonate equilibria is a fundamental concept within the geosciences. An understanding of carbonate equilibria is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the weathering process, although human caused acid rain may increase the weathering rates of rocks (Miller et al to buffer against acid rain (Newton et al., 1987; Bricker and Rice, 1989). The purpose of this paper, and global climate. Equilibria and acid-base relationships are difficult to understand without hands

  8. Trace Elements in Tree Rings: Evidence of Recent and Historical Air Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baes, Fred

    the relation between growth and acid rain (6). Ulrich (7) proposed that acid precipitation increases changes in rain acidity and associated increased metals deposition from burning of fossil fuels in recent analysis of tree rings can provide information on temporal changes in air pollution, acid deposition

  9. Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Carl

    clear that p(WM) and p(WD) should remain unchanged in passing from p to q. So by JC, q(W) = (0, clear }, with u(rain) = 0.6, etc., along with the assumptions that rain => a muddy track, and clear

  10. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 105, NO. Dl, PAGES 1387-1415, JANUARY 20,2000 Sulfur chelllistry in the National Center for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    Understanding the tropospheric sulfur cycle is impor- tant because of its contribution to acid rain and its effect on the Earth's radiation balance. The role of sulfuric acid in acid rain has been recognizedJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 105, NO. Dl, PAGES 1387-1415, JANUARY 20,2000 Sulfur

  11. Plant Ecology 131: 223231, 1997. 223 c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in Belgium.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavin, Daniel G.

    . Spatial structure and regeneration of Tetramerista glabra in peat swamp rain forest in Indonesian Borneo Hampshire, 03755, USA; ( current address: College of Forest Resources, Box 352100, University of Washington in peat swamp rain forest in Borneo (West Kalimantan, Indonesia). T. glabra has strong spatial structure

  12. Hurricane "Rainfall Potential" Derived from Satellite Observations Aids Overland Rainfall Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Haiyan

    is used to quantify the rainfall distribution in tropical cyclones that made landfall in the United States storm total rain over land in the United States. The range of the maximum storm overland rain forecast associated with hurricanes in the United States (Rappaport 2000). Skill in tropical cyclone (TC) track

  13. Sources of error in microwave link rainfall estimation Hidde Leijnse1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    generated using time series of measured DSDs in combination with wind speed measurements. Taylor, especially from commercial cellular communication networks, can be used operationally. To assess the quality and the rainfall intensity may depend on the type of rain. Because rain is known to be variable in both time

  14. Cloud-Top Temperatures for Precipitating Winter Clouds JAY W. HANNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, David

    1 Cloud-Top Temperatures for Precipitating Winter Clouds JAY W. HANNA NOAA/NESDIS Satellite of satellite-derived cloud-top brightness temperatures from GOES longwave infrared (channel 4) satellite data, rain, freezing rain, and sleet. The distributions of cloud-top brightness temperatures were constructed

  15. Potential Water Use Conflicts Generated by Irrigated Agriculture in Rhode Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gold, Art

    Potential Water Use Conflicts Generated by Irrigated Agriculture in Rhode Island Arthur Gold. Drought stress regularly occurs in turf and nursery crops planted on loam and sandy loam soils. Epstein rain in the summer for sandy loam soils and after 6 days without rain on silt loam soils. Supplemental

  16. Water Conservation Songs 1 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Water Conservation Songs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Conservation Songs 1 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Water Conservation Songs Gallon the drain, It's my job to turn it off, I want to save that rain! Cups, cups, cups of water, Running down the drain, It's my job to turn it off, I want to save that rain! Gallons, gallons, gallons of water Rushing

  17. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , rain water harvesting has been a principal source of potable water for the residents of the USVI such as rain water harvesting, alternative on-site sewage disposal systems and investigation of applicableVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2010 Virgin Islands

  18. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Historically, rain water harvesting has been a principal source of potable water for the residents of the USVI such as rain water harvesting, alternative on-site sewage disposal systems and investigation of applicableVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2011 Virgin Islands

  19. Released on receipt 'but intended for use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    weather are so generally recognized that wind shield wipers are required by law in some states. Outside troublesome. Occasionally, in a hcavy rain, it The wiper takes care of the may be easier to see out if thc divcray as a number of large drops. The worst problem for the windshield wiper is freezing rain

  20. Roofing in the Urban Environment: Pollution Source of Opportunity for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Shirley E.

    ://www.eng.ua.edu/~rpitt #12;2 Map courtesy of U.S. Geological Website on Acid Rain Roof Runoff Concentrations: Western + roofing paper/tar) Total: 166 Dissolved: 128 : Laboratory exposure to simulated acid rain. · Spring 2003 ­ Fall 2004: Long-term, outdoor investigation from

  1. Roofing in the Urban Environment: Pollution Source of Opportunity for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Shirley E.

    ://www.eng.ua.edu/~rpitt Shifting to a more local focus... #12;2 Map courtesy of U.S. Geological Website on Acid Rain Roof Runoff-up roof (plywood + roofing paper/tar) Total: 166 Dissolved: 128 Methodology · Summer 2002: Laboratory exposure to simulated acid rain. · Spring 2003 ­ Fall 2004: Long

  2. These are practically rainless but persistently cool and humid because of foggy air drifting off the cold offshore current. The California Coast in summer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richerson, Peter J.

    an extensive root system deep onto sand or rock crevices find water to sustain photosynthesis. #12;10 Many they are thin enough, water can enter the seed and it germinates. If enough rain falls, the plant will mature the talus to form sources of groundwater. #12;14 The plant puts on a coat of thin tiny leaves when rains

  3. Lake and Reservoir Management 21(1):24-29, 2005 Copyright by the North American Lake Management Society 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    derived from erosion of the exposed shoreline (i.e., by rain and runoff), or wave-driven resuspension in flood control reservoirs expose those sedi- ments previously deposited in deeper areas to resuspension by waves and rain. Resuspension of sediment by wind has been documented in shallow lakes with constant lake

  4. Distributed in furtherance of the Acts of Congress of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, William F.

    guidance for bioretention (also termed rain gardens) was provided in 2001 in Designing Rain Gardens (Bio Hill, Louisburg, and Charlotte. Findings from this re- search reveal that bioretention cells the amount of total nitrogen (TN) entering the storm sewer by 33 percent, 40 per- cent, and 43 percent

  5. J.F. Meirink et al., Precipitation retrievals from SEVIRI ---IPC, 1 July 2013 Retrieval of precipitation from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    of median and 95th percentile of CPP/radar rain rate as a function of solar zenith angle. Based on data over Cloud Top Temperature [K] Height liquid column [m] Cloud Phase LWP > 160 g m-2 re (water) > 15 m Output --- IPC, 1 July 2013 Solar zenith angle dependence Positive bias in CPP rain rates at high solar zenith

  6. On-line river flow forecasting with `Hydromax' : successes and challenges after

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bastin, Georges

    frequent on-line field measurements of rainfall depths in raingauges, weather radar data, wa- ter levels in 88 automatic telemetered rain- gauges and two weather radars. Preprints of the 15th IFAC Symposium BOCQ EAU D'HEURE Rain Gauges River flow meas. stations MEUSE M EUSE Fig. 1. The Meuse river basin

  7. Mesoscale Organiza/on along Cold Pool Boundaries in Tradewind Region observed during RICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuidema, Paquita

    Polarimetric (SPol) radar reflec*vi*es acquired at 0.5° eleva*on, during surveillance scans every 20 minutes rain rate (uncorrected mm/hr, op*cal rain gauge). Other data include water vapor path (WVP), liquid signaltonoise ra*o (SNR) from Miami uncalibrated ver*callypoin*ng 9.4 GHz radar, and sea surface temperature

  8. Adv. Geosci., 12, 107114, 2007 www.adv-geosci.net/12/107/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    gauges data; (c) meteorological radar rainfall calibration and analysis; (d) field measurements for durations of 1 h and more as well as for the daily rain depth values. In the most severely affected area the atmospheric conditions and the source of moisture (Dayan et al., 2001; Ziv et al., 2005); rain gauge data

  9. Eden Apartments East Village Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netoff, Theoden

    median income · Rain Garden and Green Roof Su stainable Multi-Family L iving Location: Rosemount, MN UMore Park Sustainable Aspects · Rain Garden · Green Roof · Walkable Streets · Multi-Use Zoning · Minimal Impervious Surface · Energy Star Appliances · Low VOC Materials · Electricity from Eco

  10. An analysis of winter precipitation in the northeast and a winter weather precipitation type forecasting tool for New York City 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Christopher James

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1's accuracy in forecasting frozen precipitation. . . . 60 23 25 Same as FIG. 22 except for model 2 . . . . Same as FIG. 22 except for model 3 . . . . Same as FIG. 22 except for model 4 . . . . 61 62 26 Histogram of responses for snow cases... to the logistic regression analysis of snow cases versus rain cases for model 1. 64 FIGURE Page 27 Histogram of responses for rain cases to the logistic regression analysis of snow cases versus rain cases for model 1 28 Histogram of responses for snow cases...

  11. Ogmios 23

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostler, Nicholas D M

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    know things, they think you are a liar. This is a very nice and useful tool. Imagine if, in the argument about weapons of mass destruction, people had had to say how they knew about whatever they said. That would have saved us quite a lot of breath... the intensity of its remote beauty (and maybe buy a native basket) before motoring out to the anchored cruise ship and a night of pisco sours. “A lot of rain,” announces Juan Carlos. The fire crackles and hisses. The rain continues, staccato. “Rain,” Gabriela...

  12. Freezing precipitation in the Southeastern United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, William Robert

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the rain and snow sectors with the freezing precipitation generally falling along or near the dividing line In regard to forecasting in Georgia~ Harms (1974) states that~ ". ~ in general, snow will occur north of the 850-mb 0 C i. sotherm...? and freezing rain and sleet in a 30 to 60 n. m band to the south. ? This conflicts somewhat with the rule-of-thumb expo'~ed by Diercks 17 (1970) in which he stated that~ for the eastern United States~ a mixture of snow~ sleet, and rain including freezing...

  13. Constructed farm wetlands (CFWs) designed for remediation of farmyard runoff: an evaluation of their water treatment efficiency, ecological value, costs and benefits 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gouriveau, Fabrice

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Farmyard runoff, i.e. the effluent generated by the rain falling over farmyards, tracks and roofs, is a significant and overlooked source of nutrients and pathogens which degrades aquatic ecosystems through eutrophication, ...

  14. Musum national d'Histoire naturelle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Aboveground biomass and productivity in a rain forest of eastern South America. Journal of Tropic., HoussayE a. & BöhmE W. - 2008. Bone vascular supply in monitor lizards (Squamata: Varanidae): influence

  15. aerosol bound particulates: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Data) cloud drop size distributions and (iv) TWP-ICE (Darwin, Australia) rain drop size distributions. A. M. Selvam 2010-05-08 26 7, 1569315721, 2007 Particulate PAH Computer...

  16. The good lake, the possible sea : ethics and environment in Northern Vanuatu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wescott, Jeffrey

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s massive covering, a great deluge of rain came and filledFall and the Great Deluge, just as they offer warnings toattempt to contain the deluge of seawater gushing from the

  17. architecture collagen structure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stability Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Collagen Structure and Stability Matthew D. Shoulders1 and Ronald T. Raines1,2 1 Department play a key role in that stability. The...

  18. An integrated assessment of air pollutant abatement opportunities in a computable general equilibrium framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waugh, C. (Caleb Joseph)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Air pollution and anthropogenic greenhouse gas emission reduction policies are desirable to reduce smog, tropospheric concentrations of ozone precursors, acid rain, and other adverse effects on human health, the environment, ...

  19. THE SUPPLY OF ENERGY TO fuel economic development remains a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    processes, the energy supply also has a high potential as a polluter of the environ- ment, with catastrophes consumption). Local air pollu- tion, discharges to the soil and water, acid rain, and the risk of climate

  20. Department of Intercollege Programs for Science Education 1 | P a g e This Summer 2013 Bulletin includes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    appropriate for mixed- weather and rugged terrain. Several classes will travel into high altitude back country repellant, rain/wind protective jacket, warm layer of clothing, and solid-shoes or boots. A hand lens

  1. Dynamic Analysis of Moisture Transport Through Walls and Associated Cooling Loads in the Hot/Humid Climate of Florianopolis, Brazil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendes, N.; Winkelmann, F. C.; Lamberts, R.; Philippi, P. C.; Da Cunha, Neto, J. A. B.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The simulation results were compared to those obtained by pure conduction heat transfer without moisture effects. Also analyzed were the influence on cooling loads of high moisture content due to rain soaking of materials. and the influence of solar radiation...

  2. 2013 Core Training Supply List All Participants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinberger, Hans

    into computer 10.A positive attitude and a good sense of humor PBS, HBS, MI, BI: Laboratory coat and safety, rain gear, and a jacket. Students also need to be prepared to present their final project before a jury

  3. CHALLENGE COURSE WHAT TO BRING The Challenge Course is a series of activities that require your attention to safety. Because of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Stryland, Eric

    . ACCEPTABLE ITEMS Appropriate athletic attire Close-toed athletic shoes Rain Coat Hat Sun Screen Bug Repellant equipment, and must use the gear provided by the UCF Challenge Course. 6. Participants must wear appropriate

  4. Sun, 12 Dec 2004 01:35:39 -0800 (PST) New Zealand 5: From Glaciers to Sandy Beaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beimel, Amos

    option involves a hike to the glacier and then walking on it, near its edge, with the appropriate gear pedi-hike. Oh, the pain of disappointment . At 15:00, with sturdy socks and boots, heavy rain coats

  5. Explaining low sulfur dioxide allowance prices : the effect of expectation errors and irreversibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montero, Juan-Pablo

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The low price of allowances has been a frequently noted featured of the implementation of the sulfur dioxide emissions market of the U.S. Acid Rain Program. This paper presents theoretical and numerical analyses that explain ...

  6. Hello Exploring Africa FIG Student, And welcome to the University of Oregon! My name is Hayley Bridwell and I will be your FIG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    ' undecided on my major, I am considering a major in international studies. I love to work with different, Professor Wooten and I would like you to read Monique and the Mango Rains by Kris Holloway. The book

  7. acid mononucleotide adenylyltransferase: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 14 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  8. acids syn anti-1-amino-3-2-iodoethenyl-cyclobutane-1-carboxylic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 43 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  9. aminoadipic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 7 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  10. aminocaproic acid eaca: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 7 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  11. ariab acidic min-influenced: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 7 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  12. acid hydrazone dpktch: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 11 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  13. acids povedenie monatsita: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 7 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  14. aminolevulinic acid dehydratase: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 18 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  15. acid-dependent ribonucleic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 40 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  16. Environmental Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Pennsylvania that are getting involved with remediation of stream acidity due to past coal mining and acid rain for Acid Waters in Pennsylvania. The guide was intended for use by the large number of watershed groups

  17. acid docosahexaenoic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 38 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  18. aminobutyric acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 36 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  19. acid controls expression: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  20. acid permease aap6: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 14 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  1. acid aspartic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 20 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  2. asparagic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 8 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  3. acid effluent streams: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: mining often exposes unweathered rock to wind and rain, which can leach heavy metals into streams grants to study the dynamics of acid mine...

  4. acroleic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 7 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  5. acid transporter subtype: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Long range transport of acid rain precursors MIT - DSpace Summary: A model of the long range transport of primary...

  6. alkenoic acids: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 7 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  7. acid caffeic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 11 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  8. acidic meglcua xylotetrasaccharide: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 7 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  9. acid dicamba dicloran: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 10 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  10. aminolevulinic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 12 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  11. acid riboside salvage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 30 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  12. acid sulfites: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 18 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  13. acid hydroperoxide lyase1: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 25 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  14. anf 4-hydroxyhomocitric acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 15 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  15. acid dioxygenase hpd: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 37 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  16. acid propionic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 19 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  17. acid sorbic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 9 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  18. acid ascorbyl palmitate: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 27 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  19. amoxicillin clavulanic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 13 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  20. acid show improved: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Marton 2001-01-01 8 ATOC 3500CHEM 3151 Problem 11, Spring 2014 We Didn't Get Much into Acid Rain...this shows how rainwater is naturally Geosciences Websites Summary: ATOC 3500...

  1. acid dehydratase alad: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 15 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  2. acetoacetic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 8 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  3. u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJ ECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of this project are: (1) 3.407,500 Ibs of C02 annually reduced , (2) 18,750 Ibs of SOx (acid rain) annually reduced, (3) 9,000 fbs of NOx (smog) annually reduced, (4) 3,575...

  4. acidic pathogenesis-related pr-1: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 23 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  5. acid benzoic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 24 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  6. acid transporter nat: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    C. Voigt et al. Title Page Paris-Sud XI, Universit de 4 Long range transport of acid rain precursors MIT - DSpace Summary: A model of the long range transport of primary...

  7. acid transporter glt-1: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (GLT-1) are the most abundant subtypes Bergles, Dwight 5 Long range transport of acid rain precursors MIT - DSpace Summary: A model of the long range transport of primary...

  8. acetylsalicylic acid aspirin: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 29 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  9. acid nda 22-562: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 17 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  10. acid vliyanie sernoj: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 7 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  11. azo barbituric acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 35 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  12. acephate cacodylic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 9 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  13. www.frontiersinecology.org The Ecological Society of America The concept of a "critical load" can facilitate commu-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    discussing how to address acid-rain effects, a CL approach was never formally incorporated into the Clean Air-pollution impacts has been used to evaluate the effects of acid precipitation on ecosystems in Canada and Europe

  14. acid lna taqman: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 46 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  15. acid desaturase sfat-1-transgenic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 34 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  16. amygdalic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 8 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  17. acid phytases paphy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 18 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  18. acid 3-np-induced neurotoxicity: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 30 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  19. acid propanoic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 9 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  20. arachidic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 30 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  1. acid transporter gat1: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Xenopus laevis oocytes by using tracer flux Eskandari, Sepehr 7 Long range transport of acid rain precursors MIT - DSpace Summary: A model of the long range transport of primary...

  2. acid phenylmethyl eater: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 14 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  3. acid phosphoribosyltransferase 1-deficient: Topics by E-print...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 19 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  4. acid desaturases fad2: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 35 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  5. adipic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 11 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  6. alpha-amino-isobutyric acid aib: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 21 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  7. acid dmsa renography: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 8 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  8. acid methoxyacetic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 7 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  9. anthranilic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 10 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  10. acid hiryusan hasseigata: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 7 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  11. ameliorates subsoil acidity: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 32 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  12. aminocaproic acids: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 7 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  13. acid precipitation precursors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Long range transport of acid rain precursors MIT - DSpace Summary: A model of the long range transport of primary...

  14. aldehydo acids: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 7 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  15. acid eicosapentaenoic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 18 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  16. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Characterization of the cellulolytic and hydrogen-producing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or acid rain (Nath and Das 2004). Moreover, H2 can be produced biologically from renew- able resources this efficiently through physicochemical techniques such as steam explo- sion and dilute-acid pretreatment, as well

  17. acids eicosapentaenoic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 18 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  18. acid transport protein: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Howard W. Davidson; Clare H Mcgowan; William E Balch 1992-01-01 4 Long range transport of acid rain precursors MIT - DSpace Summary: A model of the long range transport of primary...

  19. air-spun polyl-lactic acid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by USDA and U of I researchers Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of 7 Controlling acid rain MIT - DSpace Summary: High concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acid in raTn fn...

  20. acid transport proteins: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Howard W. Davidson; Clare H Mcgowan; William E Balch 1992-01-01 4 Long range transport of acid rain precursors MIT - DSpace Summary: A model of the long range transport of primary...