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  1. A Preliminary Resistivity Investigation (Ves) Of The Langada...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Ves) Of The Langada Hot Springs Area In Northern Greece Abstract In total 24 direct current resistivity soundings were carried out during the preliminary stages of a...

  2. Brigadier General (Sel.) Ronald J. Haeckel Appointed to NNSA...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    (Sel.) Ronald J. Haeckel Appointed to NNSA Defense Programs Post Press Release Sep 4, 2001 Brigadier General (Sel.) Ronald J. Haeckel Appointed to NNSA Defense Programs Post (PDF...

  3. Federal Railroad Administration | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Railroad Administration Federal Railroad Administration Federal Railroad Administration More Documents & Publications Evaluation of Shortline Railroads & SNFHLW Rail Shipment...

  4. Enhancing Railroad Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Safety Enhancing Railroad Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety Presented by Kevin R. Blackwell, Radioactive Materials Program Manager. Enhancing Railroad Hazardous Materials...

  5. Reviving'demand+pull'perspec2ves:' The'effect'of'demand'uncertainty'and'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    / Daniele&Rotolo& D.Rotolo@sussex.ac.uk/ Associate(Editors& Area& Florian&Kern& Energy& F.Kern@sussex.ac.ukReviving'demand+pull'perspec2ves:' The'effect'of'demand'uncertainty'and' stagnancy'on'R&D'strategy'which'case'the'Associate'Editors'may'decide'to'skip'internal'review'process.' Website' SWPS:'www.sussex.ac.uk

  6. Railroad and locomotive technology roadmap.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stodolsky, F.; Gaines, L.; Energy Systems

    2003-02-24

    Railroads are important to the U.S. economy. They transport freight efficiently, requiring less energy and emitting fewer pollutants than other modes of surface transportation. While the railroad industry has steadily improved its fuel efficiency--by 16% over the last decade--more can, and needs to, be done. The ability of locomotive manufacturers to conduct research into fuel efficiency and emissions reduction is limited by the small number of locomotives manufactured annually. Each year for the last five years, the two North American locomotive manufacturers--General Electric Transportation Systems and the Electro-Motive Division of General Motors--have together sold about 800 locomotives in the United States. With such a small number of units over which research costs can be spread, outside help is needed to investigate all possible ways to reduce fuel usage and emissions. Because fuel costs represent a significant portion of the total operating costs of a railroad, fuel efficiency has always been an important factor in the design of locomotives and in the operations of a railroad. However, fuel efficiency has recently become even more critical with the introduction of strict emission standards by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, to be implemented in stages (Tiers 0, 1, and 2) between 2000 and 2005. Some of the technologies that could be employed to meet the emission standards may negatively affect fuel economy--by as much as 10-15% when emissions are reduced to Tier 1 levels. Lowering fuel economy by that magnitude would have a serious impact on the cost to the consumer of goods shipped by rail, on the competitiveness of the railroad industry, and on this country's dependence on foreign oil. Clearly, a joint government/industry R&D program is needed to help catalyze the development of advanced technologies that will substantially reduce locomotive engine emissions while also improving train system energy efficiency. DOE convened an industry-government workshop in January 2001 to gauge industry interest. As a result, the railroads, their suppliers, and the federal government5 have embarked on a cooperative effort to further improve railroad fuel efficiency--by 25% between now and 2010 and by 50% by 2020, on an equivalent gallon per revenue ton-mile basis, while meeting emission standards, all in a cost-effective, safe manner. This effort aims to bring the collaborative approaches of other joint industry-government efforts, such as FreedomCAR and the 21st Century Truck partnership, to the problem of increasing rail fuel efficiency. Under these other programs, DOE's Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies has supported research on technologies to reduce fuel use and air emissions by light- and heavy-duty vehicles. DOE plans to bring similar efforts to bear on improving locomotives. The Department of Transportation's Federal Railroad Administration will also be a major participant in this new effort, primarily by supporting research on railroad safety. Like FreedomCAR and the 21st Century Truck program, a joint industry-government research effort devoted to locomotives and railroad technology could be a 'win' for the public and a 'win' for industry. Industry's expertise and in-kind contributions, coupled with federal funding and the resources of the DOE's national laboratories, could make for an efficient, effective program with measurable energy efficiency targets and realistic deployment schedules. This document provides the necessary background for developing such a program. Potential R&D pathways to greatly improve the efficiency of freight transportation by rail, while meeting future emission standards in a cost-effective, safe manner, were developed jointly by an industry-government team as a result of DOE's January 2001 Workshop on Locomotive Emissions and System Efficiency and are presented here. The status of technology, technical targets, barriers, and technical approaches for engine, locomotive, rail systems, and advanced power plants and fuels are presented.

  7. Enhancing Railroad Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Safety Rail Routing Enhancing Railroad Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety Rail Routing Presentation made by Kevin Blackwell for the NTSF annual meeting held from May 14-16,...

  8. Evaluation of Shortline Railroads & SNF/HLW Rail Shipment Inspections...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    INFORMATION NUMBER of GRADE CROSSINGS NUMBER of GRADE CROSSINGS ACTIVE ACTIVE - - PASSIVE PASSIVE - - Evaluation of Shortline Railroads Evaluation of Shortline Railroads...

  9. Evaluation of Shortline Railroads & SNF/HLW Rail Shipment Inspections...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel Task: Identify Shortline Railroads Serving Nuclear Power Plants Establish Contact Information with Railroads Officials Field Review of each...

  10. Union Pacific Railroad`s LNG locomotive test program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grimaila, B.

    1995-12-31

    Union Pacific Railroad is testing LNG in six locomotives through 1997 to determine if the liquefied natural gas technology is right for them. Two of the six LNG test locomotives are switch, or yard, locomotives. These 1,350 horsepower locomotives are the industry`s first locomotives totally fueled by natural gas. They`re being tested in the yard in the Los Angeles area. The other four locomotives are long-haul locomotives fueled by two tenders. These units are duel-fueled, operating on a mixture of LNG and diesel and are being tested primarily on the Los Angeles to North Platte, Nebraska corridor. All the information concerning locomotive emissions, locomotive performance, maintenance requirements, the overall LNG system design and the economic feasibility of the project will be analyzed to determine if UPR should expand, or abandon, the LNG technology.

  11. Ultrasonic guided waves for structural health monitoring and application to rail inspection prototype for the Federal Railroad Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coccia, Stefano

    2007-01-01

    US Federal Railroad Administration,Ē Third European Workshopresearch,? Federal Railroad Administration, Department ofthe Federal Railroad Administration, Coccia, S. , Bartoli,

  12. Field tests of timber railroad bridge piles†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donovan, Kendra Ann

    2005-02-17

    generated model and previous test data. Field testing involved consent from a railroad company to install load cells and string potentiometers on an in-situ timber bridge. While simultaneously taking load and deflection measurements for bridges under...

  13. Optimal Railroad Rail Grinding for Fatigue Mitigation†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tangtragulwong, Potchara

    2012-02-14

    This dissertation aims to study the benefit of rail grinding on service life of railroad rails, focusing on failures due to rolling contact fatigue (RCF) at the rail head. Assuming a tangent rail with one-point contact at ...

  14. Train derailment and railroad barrier interaction simulation†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Heping

    1990-01-01

    or eliminate the risk of the passenger track intrusion by derailing cars on adjacent track is of concern to the railroad authorities. The purpose of this study is through computer simulation to investigate the behavior of the train derailment and to determine... the feasibility of the use of a barrier wall to restrain derailing railroad cars. An analytical model has been developed for the simulation. In the theoretical analysis the equation of motion in the horizontal plane for each derailed car was derived...

  15. Textiles, Guano and Railroads: The Role of the United States in the Early Development Failures of Peru, 1818-1876

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bollinger, William

    2012-01-01

    completion of the U.S. transcontinental railroad. Men standConstructing the U.S. transcontinental railroad over thefinancing for their own transcontinental railroad. E NGLISH

  16. Thomas H. Benton and the Pacific Railroad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Liona Blanche

    1920-01-01

    that it did not have power to construct other works of improvement especially roads within a state. When the bill for the improvement of the Cumberland road passed congress, Benton opposed it on the ground that it was an invasion of state rights.... Benton; Yiew I, p. 22. 14. See speech on Pac. Railroad Bill, 33 Cong., 2 Sess. p. 335. 8. territory, it was the duty of the Government to construct roads and thus facilitate settlement16* One of Bentons early projects which he succeeded in getting...

  17. Diesel Locomotive Fueling Problem (LFP) in Railroad Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murty, Katta G.

    Chapter 2 Diesel Locomotive Fueling Problem (LFP) in Railroad Operations Bodhibrata Nag Katta G their operating costs low. About 75% of transport by railroads in the world is based on diesel locomotives by diesel locomotives. One of the major compo- nents in the operating cost of diesel powered rail transport

  18. Fatigue tests of under-strenghth timber railroad bridge stringers†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Christopher Ryan

    2002-01-01

    As the ability to obtain high-grade material becomes more difficult, assessing the value of under-strength timber for use in maintaining timber railroad bridges has become increasingly important. The objective of this ...

  19. An analysis of railroad accident dynamics in College Station, Texas†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Hart Stefan

    1998-01-01

    The intersection between the Union Pacific Railroad (UP) Valley Junction line and Texas A&M University (TAMU) poses a significant potential or risk to the people who utilize the campus. The line carried over I 1,000 loads ...

  20. Philippine Islands: a tectonic railroad siding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gallagher, J.J. Jr.

    1984-09-01

    In 1976, significant quantities of oil were discovered offshore northwest of Palawan Island by a Philippine-American consortium led by Philippines-Cities Service Inc. This was the first commercial oil found in the Philippine Islands. Other exploration companies had decided that there was no commercial oil in the Philippines. They fell prey to a situation Wallace E. Pratt, who began his career in 1909 in the Philippines, later described: There are many instances where our knowledge, supported in some cases by elaborate and detailed studies has convinced us that no petroleum resources were present in areas which subsequently became sites of important oil fields. Some explorers are blinded by the negative implications of the same knowledge that successful explorers use to find important oil fields. The Palawan discoveries are examples of successful use of knowledge. Recognition that the Philippine Islands are a tectonic railroad siding may be the key to future exploration success. These islands are continental fragments, each with its own individual geologic characteristics, that have moved from elsewhere to their present positions along a major strike-slip zone. Play concepts can be developed in the Philippines for continental fragments in each of the three major present-day tectono-stratigraphic systems that are dominated by strike-slip, but include subduction and extension tectonics, with both carbonate and clastic sediments.

  1. The Nevada railroad system: Physical, operational, and accident characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-09-01

    This report provides a description of the operational and physical characteristics of the Nevada railroad system. To understand the dynamics of the rail system, one must consider the system`s physical characteristics, routing, uses, interactions with other systems, and unique operational characteristics, if any. This report is presented in two parts. The first part is a narrative description of all mainlines and major branchlines of the Nevada railroad system. Each Nevada rail route is described, including the route`s physical characteristics, traffic type and volume, track conditions, and history. The second part of this study provides a more detailed analysis of Nevada railroad accident characteristics than was presented in the Preliminary Nevada Transportation Accident Characterization Study (DOE, 1990).

  2. Energy Conservation Projects to Benefit the Railroad Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford Mirman; Promod Vohra

    2009-12-31

    The Energy Conservation Projects to benefit the railroad industry using the Norfolk Southern Company as a model for the railroad industry has five unique tasks which are in areas of importance within the rail industry, and specifically in the area of energy conservation. The NIU Engineering and Technology research team looked at five significant areas in which research and development work can provide unique solutions to the railroad industry in energy the conservation. (1) Alternate Fuels - An examination of various blends of bio-based diesel fuels for the railroad industry, using Norfolk Southern as a model for the industry. The team determined that bio-diesel fuel is a suitable alternative to using straight diesel fuel, however, the cost and availability across the country varies to a great extent. (2) Utilization of fuel cells for locomotive power systems - While the application of the fuel cell has been successfully demonstrated in the passenger car, this is a very advanced topic for the railroad industry. There are many safety and power issues that the research team examined. (3) Thermal and emission reduction for current large scale diesel engines - The current locomotive system generates large amount of heat through engine cooling and heat dissipation when the traction motors are used to decelerate the train. The research team evaluated thermal management systems to efficiently deal with large thermal loads developed by the operating engines. (4) Use of Composite and Exotic Replacement Materials - Research team redesigned various components using new materials, coatings, and processes to provide the needed protection. Through design, analysis, and testing, new parts that can withstand the hostile environments were developed. (5) Tribology Applications - Identification of tribology issues in the Railroad industry which play a significant role in the improvement of energy usage. Research team analyzed and developed solutions which resulted in friction modification to improve energy efficiency.

  3. Ivelina Alexandrova, Generating VHs Using Predefined Bodily and Facial Emotions in Real-Time VEs 17.01.11 Abstract This thesis proposes a pipeline for generating a virtual human that can express realistic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    predefine the body motions of our virtual human using animations generated using full body motion capture data. To generate the facial expressions of our virtual human we animate predefined meshes of face-Time VEs 17.01.11 Abstract Abstract This thesis proposes a pipeline for generating a virtual human that can

  4. Texas Railroad Commission - Pollution Discharge Regulations | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | OpensourceInformation Railroad Commission - Pollution

  5. The potential for LNG as a railroad fuel in the U.S.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fritz, S.G.

    2000-01-01

    Freight railroad operations in the US represent a substantial opportunity for liquefied natural gas (LNG) to displace diesel fuel. With the promise of achieving an overwhelming economic advantage over diesel fuel, this paper presents some discussion to the question, ``Why is the application of LNG for railroad use in the US moving so slowly?'' A brief overview of the freight railroad operations in the US is given, along with a summary of several railroad LNG demonstration projects. US Environmental Protection Agency and California Air Resources Board exhaust emission regulations may cause the railroad industry to move from small-scale LNG demonstration projects to using LNG as a primary freight railroad transportation fuel in selected regions or route-specific applications.

  6. 16 TAC 3.30 - Memorandum of Understanding between the Railroad...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Understanding between the Railroad Commission and the Commission on Environmental Quality Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Memorandum: 16 TAC...

  7. An evaluation of modifications to the advance warning sign at passive highway-railroad grade crossings†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Bridgette DeWees

    1995-01-01

    to an advance warning preceding a passive railroad crossing would result in adverse driver reactions such as slamming on the brakes or erratic steering maneuvers. Approaching motor vehicles detected by a motion sensor activate a strobe light which flashed until...

  8. Fatigue behavior of full-size soild-sawn timber railroad stringers†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maingot, Martin Rex

    1999-01-01

    As part of the Timber Bridge Life Extension Program sponsored by the Association of American Railroads (AAR), the objective of this thesis is to investigate the fatigue behavior of large solid-sawn timber beams. Specifically, ...

  9. Wireless Power Transfer for High-precision Position Detection of Railroad Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryu, Hyun-Gyu

    2015-01-01

    Detection of vehicle position is critical for successful operation of intelligent transportation system. In case of railroad transportation systems, position information of railroad vehicles can be detected by GPS, track circuits, and so on. In this paper, position detection based on tags onto sleepers of the track is investigated. Position information stored in the tags is read by a reader placed at the bottom of running railroad vehicle. Due to limited capacity of battery or its alternative in the tags, power required for transmission of position information to the reader is harvested by the tags from the power wirelessly transferred from the reader. Basic mechanism in wireless power transfer is magnetic induction and power transfer efficiency according to the relative location of the reader to a tag is discussed with simulation results. Since power transfer efficiency is significantly affected by the ferromagnetic material (steel) at the bottom of the railroad vehicle and the track, magnetic beam shaping b...

  10. Fire modeling for Building 221-T - T Plant Canyon Deck and Railroad Tunnel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oar, D.L.

    1994-09-29

    This report was prepared by Hughes Associates, Inc. to document the results of fire models for building 221-T Canyon Deck and Railroad Tunnel. Backup data is contained in document No. WHC-SD-CP-ANAL-010, Rev. 0.

  11. An investigation of driver behavior at highway-railroad grade crossings†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Lee Anne

    1996-01-01

    Highway-railroad grade crossings are classified as either "active" or "passive" depending on the ability of the warning system to indicate the presence of an approaching train. Active crossings are characterized by warning systems such as flashing...

  12. Railroad electrification in America's future: an assessment of prospects and impacts. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, R.K.; Yabroff, I.W.; Dickson, E.M.; Zink, R.A.; Gray, M.E.; Moon, A.E.

    1980-01-01

    Such considerations as the level of traffic, the relative financial health of individual railroads, the capacity of the associated supply and engineering/construction industries, and the logical connecting points at classifying yards, as well as the national interest value of creating a continuous system, continental in scope, were used to construct a scenario for railroad electrification that closely approximates how an electrification program might be implemented. For the economic reasons cited, much of the US railroad system would remain conventionally powered. This scenario provides for an electrified network involving 14 mainlines operated by 10 companies that could transport much of the nation's rail-borne freight. Five years of planning and engineering work would be required for each link before construction could begin. With 1000 miles or less of electrified route per year, 14 years would be needed to construct the 9000-mile network of our scenario. (The scenario constructed runs from 1980 to 1998.) The analysis was aided with the construction of the SRI Railroad Industry Model. Basically a model of industry operations and finances, the model produces income statements and balance sheets at yearly intervals. Railroad energy costs, railroad freight levels, maintenance costs, purchases and leases of rooling stock, electrification facility investments, future inflation, rate setting practices, annual depreciation, taxes, and profits were calculated.

  13. Ultrasonic guided waves for structural health monitoring and application to rail inspection prototype for the Federal Railroad Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coccia, Stefano

    2007-01-01

    railroad industry, in non- destructive testing handbook, 3rdguided waves,Ē Insight - Non-Destructive Testing & Conditionwave based non-destructive testing,? PhD Dissertation. San

  14. SEL-2015-02

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1 SECTION J APPENDIX A ADVANCE UNDERSTANDING

  15. History of transcontinental railroads and coal mining on the Northern Plains to 1920

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bryans, W.S.

    1987-01-01

    This history examines the symbiotic relationship between three transcontinental railroads-the Union Pacific, Northern Pacific, and Great Northern-and coal mining in Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming through 1920. Throughout their dual existence, American railroads and the coal industry enjoyed a mutually beneficial association. On the Northern Plains, however, this partnership assumed new dimensions. There, the coal and rails exerted unique influences upon one another. The location of deposits determined many of the transcontinentals' early decisions, especially route selection. The native fuel also was used to promote settlement on railroad lands. Two of the roads, the Union Pacific and Northern Pacific, held land grants containing valuable deposits. The Great Northern, having no such subsidy, acquired coal lands in northern Montana. On these properties, the three railroads pioneered the region's commercial coal mining industry. Eventually, each formed subsidiaries to direct their coal operations. While much of their production supplied steam locomotives, some was sold to the public. Furthermore, the policies of the Northern Pacific and Great Northern especially enabled their coal to stimulate non-railroad enterprises. In addition, all three provided the transportation which made exploitation by others economically feasible.

  16. Prospects of development of the power industry in the zone of influence of the transcontinental railroad

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fel`dman, B.N.; Luk`yanov, V.A.

    1994-02-01

    The authors examine the possibilities of developing a power industry in the zone of influence of the transcontinental railroad (TCR). Two aspects of development are studied in particular: (1) the electric power supply for construction and subsequently for the operating railroad in coordination with simultaneous provision for the needs of adjacent regions; (2) the construction of a transcontinental transmission line with the use of a tunnel and railroad for its construction and with the creation of a unified transport--power corridor. Of great interest are the possibilities of constructing hydrostations in regions of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Chukchi Peninsula, and in the southern part of the Magadan region. The route of the proposed main line is located in the zone of influence of a number of prospective hydropower installations. 2 tabs.

  17. Ferrocarriles nacionales de Mexico: the existing rate structure for grain/soybean shipments and likely effect on freight rates as a result of railroad privatization in Mexico†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neyer, David McAlister

    1994-01-01

    The government owned railway monopoly in Mexico, Ferrocarriles Nacionales de Mexico (FNM), is undergoing a series of reforms designed to create a market orientated railroad company. Railroad freight rates are being deregulated ...

  18. LNG as a fuel for railroads: Assessment of technology status and economics. Topical report, June-September 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pera, C.J.; Moyer, C.B.

    1993-01-06

    The objective of the research was to investigate the feasibility of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a fuel for railroads. The investigation included assessment of the status of relevant technologies (i.e., LNG-fueled locomotive engines, tender cars, refueling equipment), a review of current demonstration projects, and an analytical evaluation of LNG railroad economics.

  19. Enhancements to passive warning devices for use at railroad-highway grade crossings†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mynier, Charles Leroy

    1992-01-01

    ENHANCEMENTS TO PASSIVE WARNING DEVICES FOR USE AT RAILROAD-HIGHWAY GRADE CROSSINGS A Thesis by CHARLES LEROY MYNIER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Civil Engineering ENHANCEMENTS TO PASSIVE WARNING DEVICES FOR USE AT RAILROAD-HIGHWAY GRADE CROSSINGS A Thesis by C~S LEROY MYNIER Approved as to style and content by: Neilon wan (Chair of ommittee...

  20. RAILROAD STRATEGY FOR CRUDE OIL TRANSPORT: Considering Public Policy and Pipeline Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entekhabi, Dara

    RAILROAD STRATEGY FOR CRUDE OIL TRANSPORT: Considering Public Policy and Pipeline Competition S.M. Candidate Transportation and Engineering Systems S. Joel Carlson MOTIVATIONS While crude oil is mainly 9,500 carloads in 2008 to 234,000 in 2012 (AAR 2013) The explosion of a crude oil unit-train in Lac

  1. Toward a State of Good Repair for Railroad Bridges through Structural Health Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, FabiŠn E.

    Toward a State of Good Repair for Railroad Bridges through Structural Health Monitoring NUTC of this research is to add a new tool to the asset management toolbox: structural health monitoring, particularly is Structural Health Monitoring (SHM)? SHM is process of intelligently collecting data from sensors on critical

  2. Corpus Callosum Volume in Railroad Workers With Chronic Exposure to Solvents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corpus Callosum Volume in Railroad Workers With Chronic Exposure to Solvents Marc W. Haut, Ph reported after long-term exposure to solvents. Solvents are hypothesized to affect brain white matter to solvents. Methods: We manually traced (blind to group membership) the volume of the corpus callosum in 31

  3. EFFECT OF COAL DUST ONEFFECT OF COAL DUST ON RAILROAD BALLAST STRENGTHRAILROAD BALLAST STRENGTH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    1 EFFECT OF COAL DUST ONEFFECT OF COAL DUST ON RAILROAD BALLAST STRENGTHRAILROAD BALLAST STRENGTH for Laboratory StudyFouling Mechanism / Need for Laboratory Study Mechanical Properties of Coal DustMechanical Properties of Coal Dust Grain Size AnalysisGrain Size Analysis AtterbergAtterberg LimitsLimits Specific

  4. Experimental and Numerical Study of Spar Buoy-magnet/spring Oscillators Used as Wave Energy Annette R. Grilli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grilli, Stťphan T.

    sensor systems, tracking and identification of maritime ves- sels, and miniature underwater sensor take off system (e.g. turbine), no external working parts, and minimizing the number of moving parts

  5. Progress in Organic Coatings 56 (2006) 135145 Incorporation of benzoic acid and sodium benzoate into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Juhani, Abdulhadi A.

    2006-01-01

    for naval ves- sels. Biofouling is also directly responsible for the bio-corrosion and other related problems [4≠7]. Antifouling paints have long been the most effective method to prevent biofouling, where

  6. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 52295241, 2015 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/15/5229/2015/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Petersburg. Most ships were running at reduced speed (10 kn), i.e., not at their optimal load. Ves- sels shore sites near the island of Kronstadt and along the Neva River in the ur- ban area of Saint

  7. Market effects of environmental regulation: coal, railroads, and the 1990 Clean Air Act

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busse, M.R.; Keohane, N.O.

    2007-01-01

    Many environmental regulations encourage the use of 'clean' inputs. When the suppliers of such an input have market power, environmental regulation will affect not only the quantity of the input used but also its price. We investigate the effect of the Title IV emissions trading program for sulfur dioxide on the market for low-sulfur coal. We find that the two railroads transporting coal were able to price discriminate on the basis of environmental regulation and geographic location. Delivered prices rose for plants in the trading program relative to other plants, and by more at plants near a low-sulfur coal source.

  8. Determination of a strength parameter for In Situ evaluation of timber railroad bridge piles subject to decay and fatigue damage accumulation†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sculley, Peter Jonathan

    2003-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to devise a method to determine the residual strength of used creosote treated timber railroad bridge piles of various dimensions that have been subjected to varying degrees of environmental ...

  9. An Analysis of Stream Culvert Fish Passage on the Navy Railroad Line between Bremerton and Shelton, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    May, Christopher W.; Miller, Martin C.; Southard, John A.

    2004-10-25

    The Navy railroad service line runs between Shelton, Bremerton, and Silverdale, and is used by the Navy to transfer freight to its facilities. It is also used by commercial clients to ship service items and bulk cargo for municipalities along portions of the route. Culverts of various size and construction convey streams and stormwater runoff under the railroad line. These allow transfer of water and, in some cases allow for passage of juvenile and adult salmon into waters upstream of the culverts. As part of this project, 21 culverts along a 34-mile reach (Shelton to Bremerton) of this railroad were surveyed to evaluate their function and ability to allow salmon to utilize the streams. The culverts and attached watersheds were evaluated using criteria developed by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife to assign a Priority Index (PI) to barriers present on each fish-bearing stream. The PI is a relative numeric rating indicator, assigned using consistent criteria related to the degree of potential habitat gained by removing barriers and improving the function of the watershed. Of the 21 culverts evaluated, five were found to be complete fish-passage barriers and six were found to be partial barriers, primarily to juvenile salmon. Three of these culverts had PI ratings above 10 and five others had ratings between 7 and 10. Corrective action can be taken based on any PI rating, but the WDFW normally assigns lower priority to projects with PI scores lower than 15. Several of the stream and culverts had previously been evaluated for structural integrity and function and have been scheduled for repair. A narrative indicating the condition of the culvert has been prepared as well as a table indicating the PI scores and a summary of recommendations for action for each culvert.

  10. Unity, Justice and Protection: The Colored Trainmen of America's Struggle to End Jim Crow in the American Railroad Industry [and Elsewhere]†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Ervin

    2012-10-19

    to monumental federal court cases such as Smith v. Allwright (1944), Sweatt v. Painter (1950), Brown v. Board (1954), Davis v. County School Board Prince Edward County (1957), the legal decisions handed down in Steele v. Louisville and Nashville Railroad... ?Chapel Hill, 1????. N.F. Davis, ?Trade Unionsí Practices and the Negro Worker: The Establishment and Implementation of AFL-CIO Anti-Discrimination Policy,? (Ph.D. diss., Indiana University, 1960). Merle E. Reed, ?FEPC and the Federal Agencies...

  11. CNS Enforcement Letter SEL-2015-01

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l DeInsulation at04-86)ContractorsCNG Exports by Truck out of theof

  12. win0203SelUpdates.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thI D- 6 0 4 2 r mReducingwhistleblower | National1) 1

  13. win0203SelUpdates.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thI D- 6 0 4 2 r mReducingwhistleblower | National1) 1December

  14. win0203SelUpdates.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thI D- 6 0 4 2 r mReducingwhistleblower | National1)

  15. win0203SelUpdates0203.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thI D- 6 0 4 2 r mReducingwhistleblower | National1) Updated

  16. win0203SelUpdates0303.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thI D- 6 0 4 2 r mReducingwhistleblower | National1) UpdatedEn

  17. Vessel Segmentation in 2D-Projection Images Using a Supervised Linear Hysteresis Classifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LŁbeck, Universitšt zu

    Vessel Segmentation in 2D-Projection Images Using a Supervised Linear Hysteresis Classifier, Germany Abstract 2D projection imaging is a widely used procedure for vessel visualization. For the subsequent analysis of the vasculature, precise measurements of e.g. vessel area, ves- sel length

  18. 1.1 INTRODUCTION Since 2002 Leuven University has been conduct-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinova, Elena

    at the site, which date mainly to the Old Kingdom, the First Intermediate Period, and the Middle Kingdom was littered with these stone artefacts, which are certainly drills4 for hollowing out stone ves- sels. Also, a pile of stone dťbris, drill cores and grinders, marks the site of a small set- tlement of workers

  19. Japan Tuna Fishery Bankruptcies Mount New Manuals Promote Seafood Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    management structure com- pounded by the energy crisis that struck the industry. The Agency, which in 1974 had provided 9 billion yen (US$30 million) to help the tuna industry re- cover from the energy crisis percent of the high-seas tuna fleet (of about 1,200 ves- sels) is indicative of the grave crisis

  20. MRI-based Microrobotic system for the Propulsion and Navigation of Ferromagnetic Microcapsules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    MRI-based Microrobotic system for the Propulsion and Navigation of Ferromagnetic Microcapsules 3-D navigation of a microdevice in blood ves- sels, namely: (i) vessel path planner, (ii) magnetic, magnetic resonance imaging, minimally invasive interventions, real-time control Email address: antoine

  1. Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) Plan for Corrective Action Unit 539: Area 25 and Area 26 Railroad Tracks, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark Krauss

    2010-06-01

    This Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) Plan addresses the actions needed to achieve closure for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 539, Areas 25 and 26 Railroad Tracks, as identified in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO). A modification to the FFACOwas approved in May 2010 to transfer the two Railroad Tracks corrective action sites (CASs) from CAU 114 into CAU539. The two CASs are located in Areas 25 and 26 of the Nevada Test Site: ē 25-99-21, Area 25 Railroad Tracks ē 26-99-05, Area 26 Railroad Tracks This plan provides the methodology for field activities needed to gather the necessary information for closing the two CASs. There is sufficient information and process knowledge from historical documentation and investigations of similar sites regarding the expected nature and extent of potential contaminants to recommend closure of the CAU 539 Railroad Tracks CASs using the SAFER process. Additional information will be obtained by conducting a field investigation before selecting the appropriate corrective action for each CAS. The results of the field investigation should support a defensible recommendation that no further corrective action is necessary. If it is determined that complete clean closure cannot be accomplished during the SAFER, then a hold point will have been reached and the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) will be consulted to determine whether the remaining contamination will be closed under the alternative corrective action of closure in place with use restrictions. This will be presented in a closure report that will be prepared and submitted to the NDEP for review and approval. The sites will be investigated based on the data quality objectives (DQOs) developed on December 14, 2009, by representatives of U.S.Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office; Navarro Nevada Environmental Services, LLC (NNES); and National Security Technologies, LLC. The DQO process has been used to identify and define the type, amount, and quality of data needed to determine and implement appropriate corrective actions for each Railroad Tracks CAS in CAU 539. The following text summarizes the SAFER activities that will support the closure of CAU 539: ē Perform site preparation activities (e.g., utilities clearances, radiological surveys). ē Collect in situ dose measurements. ē Collect environmental samples from designated target populations (e.g., lead bricks) to confirm or disprove the presence of contaminants of concern (COCs) as necessary to supplement existing information. ē If no COCs are present at a CAS, establish no further action as the corrective action. ē If COCs exist, collect environmental samples from designated target populations (e.g., clean soil adjacent to contaminated soil) and submit for laboratory analyses to define the extent of COC contamination. If a COC is present at a CAS, NNES will consult NDEP to determine the path forward, then either: ē Establish clean closure as the corrective action. The material to be remediated will be removed, disposed of as waste, and verification samples will be collected from remaining soil, or ē Establish closure in place as the corrective action and implement the appropriate use restrictions.

  2. VES-0071- In the Matter of Mississippi Power Company

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On May 1, 2000, the Mississippi Power Company, of Gulfport, Mississippi (Mississippi Power), filed with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy an Application for...

  3. A Preliminary Resistivity Investigation (Ves) Of The Langada Hot Springs

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton JumpProgram | OpenEnergyEvaluationOpen Energy

  4. Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 539: Areas 25 and 26 Railroad Tracks Nevada National Security Site, Nevada with ROTC-1, Revision 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark Kauss

    2011-06-01

    This Closure Report (CR) presents information supporting the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 539: Areas 25 and 26 Railroad Tracks, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada. This CR complies with the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the State of Nevada; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Management; U.S. Department of Defense; and DOE, Legacy Management. The corrective action sites (CASs) within CAU 539 are located within Areas 25 and 26 of the Nevada National Security Site. Corrective Action Unit 539 comprises the following CASs: ē 25-99-21, Area 25 Railroad Tracks ē 26-99-05, Area 26 Railroad Tracks The purpose of this CR is to provide documentation supporting the completed corrective actions and provide data confirming that the closure objectives for CASs within CAU 539 were met. To achieve this, the following actions were performed: ē Reviewed documentation on historical and current site conditions, including the concentration and extent of contamination. ē Conducted radiological walkover surveys of railroad tracks in both Areas 25 and 26. ē Collected ballast and soil samples and calculated internal dose estimates for radiological releases. ē Collected in situ thermoluminescent dosimeter measurements and calculated external dose estimates for radiological releases. ē Removed lead bricks as potential source material (PSM) and collected verification samples. ē Implemented corrective actions as necessary to protect human health and the environment. ē Properly disposed of corrective action and investigation wastes. ē Implemented an FFACO use restriction (UR) for radiological contamination at CAS 25-99-21. The approved UR form and map are provided in Appendix F and will be filed in the DOE, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO), Facility Information Management System; the FFACO database; and the NNSA/NSO CAU/CAS files. From November 29, 2010, through May 2, 2011, closure activities were performed as set forth in the Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) Plan for Corrective Action Unit 539: Areas 25 and 26 Railroad Tracks, Nevada Test Site, Nevada. The purposes of the activities as defined during the data quality objectives process were as follows: ē Determine whether contaminants of concern (COCs) are present. ē If COCs are present, determine their nature and extent, implement appropriate corrective actions, and properly dispose of wastes. Analytes detected during the closure activities were evaluated against final action levels (FALs) to determine COCs for CAU 539. Assessment of the data generated from closure activities revealed the following: ē At CAS 26-99-05, the total effective dose for radiological releases did not exceed the FAL of 25 millirem per Industrial Area year. Potential source material in the form of lead bricks was found at three locations. A corrective action of clean closure was implemented at these locations, and verification samples indicated that no further action is necessary. ē At CAS 25-99-21, the total effective dose for radiological releases exceeds the FAL of 25 millirem per Industrial Area year. Potential source material in the form of lead bricks was found at eight locations. A corrective action was implemented by removing the lead bricks and soil above FALs at these locations, and verification samples indicated that no further action is necessary. Pieces of debris with high radioactivity were identified as PSM and remain within the CAS boundary. A corrective action of closure in place with a UR was implemented at this CAS because closure activities showed evidence of remaining soil contamination and radioactive PSM. Future land use will be restricted from surface and intrusive activities. Closure activities generated waste streams consisting of industrial solid waste, recyclable materials, low-level radioactive waste, and mixed low-level radioactive waste. Wastes were disposed of in the appropriate onsite landfills. The NNSA/NSO prov

  5. Intermodal Railroad Daniel Brock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    intermodal 1970s Intermodal - Industrial, agricultural, electronics, foods, and a vast array of consumer congestion cost $101 bill. and 4.8 bill. hours wasted 1.9 bill. gallons of fuel wasted in congestion

  6. Railroad Car and Parts†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    distinguish water use and consumption Having enough water available for municipal and agricultural needs is o?en discussed; however, having the water needed to generate electric power and the electricity needed to treat and transport water is a struggle... all its own. According to Water for Texas ????, the state water plan, steam-electric power generation demand in ???? was ???,??? acre-feet of water per year and is projected to increase to ?,???,??? by ????; however, that amount only accounts...

  7. Eos, Vol. 86, No. 44, 1 November 2005 U.S. Navy Sued Over Sonar Use The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Sarah T.

    Eos, Vol. 86, No. 44, 1 November 2005 U.S. Navy Sued Over Sonar Use The Natural Resources Defense.S. Navy over its use of mid-frequency sonar, the principle system used aboard U.S. naval ves- sels,including the Marine Mammals Protection Act.NRDC lawyer Andrew Wetzler said the goal of this suit is to compel the Navy

  8. Laboratory Performance Evaluation Report of SEL 421 Phasor Measurement Unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Zhenyu; faris, Anthony J.; Martin, Kenneth E.; Hauer, John F.; Bonebrake, Christopher A.; Shaw, James M.

    2007-12-01

    PNNL and BPA have been in close collaboration on laboratory performance evaluation of phasor measurement units for over ten years. A series of evaluation tests are designed to confirm accuracy and determine measurement performance under a variety of conditions that may be encountered in actual use. Ultimately the testing conducted should provide parameters that can be used to adjust all measurements to a standardized basis. These tests are performed with a standard relay test set using recorded files of precisely generated test signals. The test set provides test signals at a level and in a format suitable for input to a PMU that accurately reproduces the signals in both signal amplitude and timing. Test set outputs are checked to confirm the accuracy of the output signal. The recorded signals include both current and voltage waveforms and a digital timing track used to relate the PMU measured value with the test signal. Test signals include steady-state waveforms to test amplitude, phase, and frequency accuracy, modulated signals to determine measurement and rejection bands, and step tests to determine timing and response accuracy. Additional tests are included as necessary to fully describe the PMU operation. Testing is done with a BPA phasor data concentrator (PDC) which provides communication support and monitors data input for dropouts and data errors.

  9. Brigadier General (Sel.) Ronald J. Haeckel Appointed to NNSA Defense

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the t-) S/,,5 'a C | NationalBenefits | NationalPrograms

  10. ACCESSIBILITY KB&S Railroad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    Purdue's ONEWAY PGG Grave STEW PMU Memorial DuhmeDr. WWaldraldronSt.onSt. Columbia St. FSTW FSTE HNLY

  11. 18 MAY 2012 VOL 336 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org814 PersPectiVes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    wine, epigal- locatechin gallate from green tea, and capsa- icin from peppers, activate AMPK (2 EGCG Salicylate A769662 Hotpeppers Willow tree bark Green te a Red wine grapesFrenchlilac OH OH HO HO H

  12. PROCESSING CLINICAl NARRAI]}VES IN IIUNGAR]:AN G4bor PrGsz~.ky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ]' describes a systemU~at extracl:s in1:ormal:ion lrom 14urlgarlan descriptive texLs o£ medical domain. lex:il:Len in MPROIOG language and JLs experJmenta] versj.on ['lllls OIl PROPER-]6, a tlungarian made (]BM-XI compatib RUlE SYS. Jill ~ PARSING RUL[{S 1oil sequence o:[ parLs of speeel ....... - ~ EVALUAIING

  13. Prospects and alterna.ves for development of US stellarator program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    equilibrium and stability -Energy, par^cle, and impurity transport -Alpha par.1-0.4% (reduced neoclassical xport) Quasi-axisymmetry (RS tokamak) Compact system size 5 W% Helical ripple 1% (reduced neoclassical xport) Isodynamic (Shafranov shiq ~ 0

  14. Inr. J. Pres. Ves. & Piping 62 (1995)C-W 0199s Elsevier Science Limited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cizelj, Leon

    1995-01-01

    . Research already performed proved the applicability of probabilistic fracture mechanics and first to the highly asymmetric stress field. Provisions are also made to account for the reactor coolant temperature.'.* Following the knowledge gained by research, a plugging strategy based on a crack length criterion has been

  15. Forced Migra,on: Global Perspec,ves and Prac,ces Student Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saunders, Mark

    , as well as the con@nua@on of exis@ng pressures, like protracted refugee situa of Movement ∑ Protracted Refugee Situa@ons, Refugee Camps and Durable Solu@ons ∑ Interna

  16. Railroads and shippers clash over coal dust

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchsbaum, L.

    2007-11-15

    In an effort to reduce coal spillage from railcars, mines in the Powder River Basin (PRB) now load coal with a loaf profile but, reportedly, beginning in 2008, Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) will announce guidelines requiring all PRB coal loads to be sprayed with a chemical surfactant. If this does not fix the problem, greater measures will be taken. At the time of going to press, the details of how this would be implemented and regulated were unresolved. 1 photo.

  17. Railroad Surveying as Practiced in Bulgaria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patchejieff, Boris J.

    1913-01-01

    In the following pages, I will try to give a description of the methods used for railway surveying in Bulgaria. These methods are results of long years of experience and practice and are suited to meet the requirements of the country...

  18. Enhancing Railroad Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    June 1 2009 * Production version online June 1, 2009 Introduction The Rail Corridor Risk Management System (RCRMS) is a tool to be used by rail carriers (RCRMS) is a tool to...

  19. Map of principal railroads of Cuba†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States. Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce

    1950-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify the perceptions of novice and veteran teachers regarding the role of the principal in retaining teachers in the profession. Also, the research investigated whether and to what extent there are differences...

  20. Railroad transportation of spent nuclear fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wooden, D.G.

    1986-03-01

    This report documents a detailed analysis of rail operations that are important for assessing the risk of transporting high-level nuclear waste. The major emphasis of the discussion is towards ''general freight'' shipments of radioactive material. The purpose of this document is to provide a basis for selecting models and parameters that are appropriate for assessing the risk of rail transportation of nuclear waste.

  1. Distillate Fuel Oil Sales for Railroad Use

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4Cubic43,728 243,242 246,243 142,696

  2. Railroad Commission of Texas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-b < RAPID‚Äé |RENERCOEnergyRadiumRail Splitter

  3. Railroad Valley Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-b < RAPID‚Äé |RENERCOEnergyRadiumRail

  4. dieSel/heAvy equipMent College of Rural and Community Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    credits The diesel and heavy equipment mechanics program offers the student training in the maintenance and repair of trucks, buses and heavy equip- ment. This one-year certificate program emphasizes hands of equipment problems and make nec- essary repairs and adjustments from tune-ups to complete engine

  5. MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY THROUGH: ARUN MAJUNIDAR SElVlOR...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    WILLIAM J. VALDEZ ACTING DIRECTOR, IMPACT AND DIVERSITY SUBJECT: Department of Energy Policy on lndian Energy Purchase Preference under the Energy Policy Act of 2005 ISSUE: The...

  6. Genet. Sel. Evol. 38 (2006) 535550 535 c INRA, EDP Sciences, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

    2006-01-01

    to the melanogaster group, seven to the willistoni group, seven to the obscura group, six to the saltans group, two in Drosophila species of the repleta and melanogaster groups Luciane M. DE ALMEIDAa , Claudia M.A. CARARETOa studied in the melanogaster group of Drosophila species, very little is known about copia dynamism

  7. Brigadier General (Sel.) Ronald J. Haeckel Appointed to NNSA Defense Programs Post

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReporteeo | National Nucleara minNuclear Security FOR IMMEDIATE

  8. Enforcement Letter, CH2M Oak Ridge, LLC - SEL-2012-01 | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015 Infographiclighbulbs - high-resolution JPG20, 2008 NoticeBWXT

  9. APPLICATION OF CAST AND STPA TO RAILROAD SAFETY IN CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leveson, Nancy

    The accident analysis method called STAMP (System-Theoretic Accident Model), developed by Prof. Nancy Leveson

  10. Permeability, Resistivity and Strength of Fouled Railroad Ballast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, A. J.

    2013-08-31

    stream_size 103650 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Rahman_ku_0099M_12866_DATA_1.pdf.txt stream_source_info Rahman_ku_0099M_12866_DATA_1.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859...

  11. Remote Sensing of Railroad Locomotive Emissions: A Feasibility Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    . Carbon monoxide (CO) levels become elevated primarily due to direct emission of the gas. Ground are equipped with direct current motors. The electrical connection between the powerplant and the drive wheels the powerplant in a locomotive is electrically connected to the drive wheels, however, the locomotive engine can

  12. ONE WAY ONE WAY KB&S Railroad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    WSLR STEW PMU PGG KRAN RAWL HAWK PGW SMTHLILY GRS LSA HORT NLSN VMIF EHSA PRSVMMDC ADM PVP BRK PWD MANN

  13. Application of CAST and STPA to railroad safety in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Airong, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    The accident analysis method called STAMP (System-Theoretic Accident Model), developed by Prof. Nancy Leveson from MIT, was used here to re-analyze a High Speed Train accident in China. On July 23rd, 2011, 40 people were ...

  14. Sponsored by William W. Hay Railroad Engineering Seminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    Expenditures (In Billions) 4 #12;5 Network Planning's role is critical to company success Service Growth Capital Network Planning... -- Identifies where to add capacity to accommodate future growth -- Ensures Planning makes sure that the network is in the right place, with the right capabilities, to serve the right

  15. Enhancing Railroad Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety Rail Routing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation made by Kevin Blackwell for the NTSF annual meeting held from May 14-16, 2013 in Buffalo, NY

  16. Railroad electrification as applied to a helper-engine district

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purton, Thomas Anthony

    1915-01-01

    . The Mallet engine in i ts earlier forms has four cylinders, two high pressure and two low pressure. The driving wheels are divided up into two sets, the two sets being connected by an articulated joint. The boiler reaches over both sets and either has a... DA TA. Service Pusher. Fuel ' Bituminous coal. Tractive effort, compound 160,000 lbs. Total weight on drivers 761,600 lbs. Total weight of engine and tender.. . . . . . . 853,050 lbs. Diameter of drivers 63 inches. Steam pressure in boiler...

  17. Effect of Railroad Deregulation on Export - Grain Transportation Rate Structures.†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuller, Stephen; MacDonald, James; Bessler, David; Wohlgenant, Michael

    1988-01-01

    to this market. More effective transportation competiti01 would exist if the region depended on spatially separate markets that were linked to the supply region by several carriers. The Corn Belt, in contrast to the Plains, seems to be in a more competitive... Belt and the Plains regions. Predicting the outcome of deregulation is complicated by conflicting notions regarding the regulator's behavior during the pre-Staggers era. Historically, it was thought that the ICC tended to follow the value...

  18. Name: Lisa Anderson Organization: Tri-City Railroad Company

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines lightGeospatialDevelopment of09 AugustPlasmaResearchersStudyThe9085023

  19. Railroad Commission of Texas, Oil and Gas Division | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA)OptionsEquivalent URI

  20. Alaska Administrative Code - Title 17, Chapter 15 - Utility and Railroad

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5 - Applications JumpPermits | Open Energy

  1. Historic Railroad Building Goes Net Zero | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nA Guide to TappingWORK

  2. MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY THROUGH: ARUN MAJUNIDAR SElVlOR ADVISOR/DIRECTOR, ARPA-E

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA PublicLED1,400 Jobs |Inc.MEETING MATERIALS: December

  3. In The Name Of The Father, The Governor, And "A-1 Good Men": Performing Gender and Statehood In Territorial New Mexico, 1880 - 1912

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Sabrina

    2013-01-01

    the introduction of several transcontinental railroad routeswestbound trains. 6 The transcontinental railroadís presencewanted statehood, these transcontinental tracks represented

  4. Migration, Displacement, and Movements in the Global Space: Ming-Yuen S. Maís Multi-Media Project Xin Lu: A Travelogue in Four Parts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xiaojing

    2012-01-01

    workers building the transcontinental railroad, and makingcompletion of the transcontinental railroad which dependedthe completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869.

  5. Ask Dr. Chu: An Interview with a Peruvian-born Chinese Canadian Living in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chancellor, Renate; Chu, Clara M.

    2007-01-01

    cheap labor to build the transcontinental railroad and theto celebrate the transcontinental railroad being opened and

  6. ReOrienting Asian/American Subjectivities: On the Cultural (Re)Writings of All- American Girl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ah-Sue, Geraldine

    2009-01-01

    Okihiro, 38), on the transcontinental railroad in Californiathe completion of the transcontinental railroad, that all-

  7. Thermal And-Or Near Infrared At Railroad Valley Area (Laney, 2005) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |InformationThe2009) | Open Energy2008) | OpenEnergyEnergy

  8. An integrated approach to dynamic analysis of railroad track transitions behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 205 North Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, United. This differential move- ment often results in the formation of a ``bump'' in the track profile. Bridge approaches-mail addresses: dmishra2@illinois.edu (D. Mishra), yuqian1@illinois. edu (Y. Qian), huh16@psu.edu (H. Huang

  9. Emergency response planning for railroad transportation related spills of oil or other hazardous materials†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reeder, Geoffrey Benton

    1995-01-01

    In December 1984 an unintentional release of poison gas from a chemical plant in Bhopal, India killed over 2,500 people. Thousands of others were injured. Although this material was not in transportation at the time, this accident raised public...

  10. Multispectral Machine Vision for Improved Undercarriage Inspection of Railroad Rolling Stock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todorovic, Sinisa

    mechanical or electrical systems, for example, brakes and traction motors, respectively. Thermal energy are developing a machine vision system to improve both the efficiency and effectiveness of this inspection. Camera location was the first to be considered because it affects various other design elements

  11. Understanding government and railroad strategy for crude oil transportation in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlson, S. Joel (Stephen Joel)

    2014-01-01

    On July 6, 2013, an oil-laden unit train derailed and exploded in Lac-Megantic, Quebec, Canada, killing 47 people, shocking and saddening many, and leading to significantly increased public scrutiny of crude oil transported ...

  12. Formal Safety analysis of a radio-based railroad crossing using Deductive Cause-Consequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, Wolfgang

    and effects analysis (FMEA) and fault tree analysis (FTA). We apply the method to a real world case study like FMEA [10], FMECA [4] and FTA [3]. The logical framework of DCCA may be used to rigorously verify of what can by analyzed) than traditional FMEA. We show, that the results of DCCA have the same semantics

  13. Formal Safety analysis of a radiobased railroad crossing using Deductive CauseConsequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, Wolfgang

    #ects analysis (FMEA) and fault tree analysis (FTA). We apply the method to a real world case study: a radio (DCCA). This technique is a formal generalization of well≠known safety analysis methods like FMEA [10 by analyzed) than traditional FMEA. We show, that the results of DCCA have the same semantics as those

  14. Guidelines for storage distance between highway-highway and highway-railroad intersections†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harry, Scott Raymond

    2000-01-01

    fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Deceased Daniel Fambro (Co-Chair of Committee) James Bonneson (Co-Chair of Committee) / / Scott B (Member) t tJ . Niedzwe ( e d of Department... successful completion of the graduate program at Texas ASM University. Dr. Fambro was a great mentor to all students and will be in our thoughts and prayers forever. I would also like to thank Dr. Bonneson who served as my committee co-chair, and Dr. Berry...

  15. Crew resource management training's effect on railroad crews' perceptions of task interdependence and teamwork†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kyte, Tobin Bruce

    2008-10-10

    University; M.A., New York University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Winfred Arthur, Jr. The accuracy and similarity of team membersí perceptions regarding the interdependencies of their task as well as the criticality of teamwork behaviors... is essential to team performance. Unfortunately, these perceptions are not always accurate or similar, which has led to calls for research evaluating the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving these perceptions. The present study evaluated...

  16. Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons on the vegetation of a railroad right-of-way†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancock, James Leonard

    1969-01-01

    of carcinogenic PAH in grain samples grown in the industrial Ruhr District were !. en times higher than in similar samples taken from lower Saxonia and other non industrial areas, GRAF and DIEHL (1966) presented evidence that the foliage of various trees...

  17. An investigation into the use of highway traffic signals at highway-railroad grade crossings†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frieslaar, Andre Henry

    1997-01-01

    Rail-highway grade crossings are amongst the most dangerous of intersections a driver will encounter. One out of every nine accidents at rail-highway crossings produces a fatality. In half of these cases, the crossing is an active crossing, meaning...

  18. Applications of Engineering and Financial Analysis to the Valuation of Investments in Railroad Infrastructure†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roco, Craig E.

    2010-01-16

    This record of study presents the findings of industry research projects performed during a one-year doctoral internship with the Austin Rail Group of HNTB Corporation. Four main internship objectives were established that address infrastructure...

  19. Analysis of improvements in system efficiency and safety at highway-railroad-pedestrian grade crossings†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tydlacka, Jonathan Michael

    2013-02-22

    ' Tran Speed Qsbfbudm d Cmcem = 60k 30 10' Smid Tern Tom Sheet Qstiitsam OsdOe Smlmm Tele Tran Speed Qmbubm Qd seen Kk X-10 Kk X. 15 Sk 4M5 Kk SNG Kk 6NG Kk X05 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kk SI05 Sk 3015 SR 4FIO Kk 5010 Kk BNID 5Ck Sl10 Kk 30-10 SR... 30-15 SR 4M5 Kk 5005 IKk EOtkl Kk 3NG 4R 3NG Kk 3010 fKk 3015 Kk 4NO Kk 5005 SR EDX SR 3166 D D D D D D 0 0 D D 0 0 0 0 0 0 D D D D IKk 3N6 SR SI15 t!Ck 4l ID SR Sl10 SR 6NG SR 30 10 XXX Sk 3M6 6CkX 15 SR 4l10 6CX 6010...

  20. 16 TAC 3.30 - Memorandum of Understanding between the Railroad Commission

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton Jump to:Wylie, Texas:V.S.A. Chapter 5 CommonOpen5414Cal. -

  1. Annual Energy Outlook 2014 foresees growth of LNG as a fuel for railroads

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural Gas ReservesAlabamaAbout EIA.govDistribution: FocusGlobal14,

  2. Impact of Fe (III) on the Performance of Viscoelastic Surfactant-Based Acids†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu, Yi

    2013-08-02

    Viscoelastic surfactant (VES)-based acid systems have been used successfully in matrix and acid fracturing treatments. However, the existence of Fe (III) as a contaminant in such systems may lead to many problems, due to interactions between VES...

  3. Virtual Environments for Surface Mining Powered Haulage Training Ryan P. McMahan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    computer games, desktop animations, and web-based 3D communities. Particular VEs that create the illusion

  4. September 1 , 2012 -June 30, 2015 Agreement Botween

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    |VES................ .................................6 ARTICLE IV- UNION SECURIryAND POLITICAL CHECK-OFF.. ..........7 ARTTCLE V - NO STRTKE OR LOCKOUT

  5. The Effect Of Viscoelastic Surfactants Used In Carbonate Matrix Acidizing On Wettability†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adejare, Oladapo

    2012-07-16

    on wettability. In a previous study using contact angle experiments, it was reported that spent acid solutions with VES only, and with VES and EGMBE are water-wetting. In this thesis, we studied the effect of two amphoteric amine-oxide VES', designated as "A...

  6. Implementing Mapping the Beat in the 8th Grade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Ronald Craig Ed.D.

    2010-01-01

    construction of the transcontinental railroad. Quick-write:the construction of the transcontinental railroad. Studentsand construction of the transcontinental railroad (National

  7. Excavating Chinese America in the Delta: Race and the historical archaeology of the Isleton Chinese American community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fong, Kelly Nicole

    2013-01-01

    laborers to build the Transcontinental Railroad or work onlocal lines and the Transcontinental Railroad; levees andthe completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1869.

  8. The Shores of US Empire: Islands and Geographies of Historical Struggle in the Literary Imagination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheese, Emily Ann

    2012-01-01

    s role in constructing the transcontinental railroad. In thefor the needs of the transcontinental railroad project.and touched. The transcontinental railroad was finishedÖ.the

  9. Civic and Political Engagement of Chinese Americans in Ethnic Suburbs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Sophia

    2012-01-01

    Americans worked on the Transcontinental Railroad or asGold Rush and on the Transcontinental Railroad contributed

  10. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-203. 2007. 251 Fire Performance in Traditional Silvicultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the transcontinental railroad, demand increased for wood to build the Central Pacific and other Sierran Railroads

  11. Purchase Obligations, Earnings Persistence and Stock Returns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kwang June

    2010-01-01

    inventory and raw materials Shipbuilding, Railroad EquipmentMean Median Q1 Q3 Min Max Shipbuilding, Railroad Equipment

  12. Crossing the continentCrossing the continent http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/CUTS/ce490/rr.pdfhttp://www.uwm.edu/Dept/CUTS/ce490/rr.pdf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Engineering for the Transcontinental RailroadTranscontinental Railroad 18631863--18691869 "Nothing like it in the World" book by used by the Union Pacific for the transcontinental railroad."Pacific for the transcontinental railroad--1850's.1850's. Transcontinental Railroad ActTranscontinental Railroad Act Build from the east

  13. Ultrasonic guided waves for structural health monitoring and application to rail inspection prototype for the Federal Railroad Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coccia, Stefano

    2007-01-01

    F. , 2005. ďOn line High-Speed Rail Defect Detection, FinalFateh M. ďOn-Line High- Speed Rail Defect DetectionĖPhaseScalea, F. ďOn line High-Speed Rail Defect Detection, Final

  14. Current Trends and Future Challenges in the Freight Railroad Industry: Balancing Private Industry Interests and the Public Welfare†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Sarah; Kelson, Kendra; Migl, Hayden; Schmidt, Rodney; Shoemaker, David; Thomson, Heather

    2008-01-01

    ?s?improved?position?since?economic?deregulation,?especially?as?it?relates?to?infrastructure? investment?and?safety?performance.?Chapter?3?follows?with?an?evaluation?of?the?current?operating? environment?as?it?relates?to?demand,?capacity,?and?productivity.?In?light?of?demand?forecasts,?we?assess? the...?the?report?with?public?policy?recommendations?designed?to?ensure?the?health,? safety,?and?economic?vitality?of?the?industry,?its?employees?and?customers,?and?the?public.?Based?on? assessments?of?the?industry?s?current?performance?and?predictions?of?future?challenges,?the?following? recommendations...

  15. Ultrasonic guided waves for structural health monitoring and application to rail inspection prototype for the Federal Railroad Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coccia, Stefano

    2007-01-01

    Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, July, 5th-7th,Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, Granada, Spain. P.2004). ?Automated structural health monitoring system using

  16. Ultrasonic guided waves for structural health monitoring and application to rail inspection prototype for the Federal Railroad Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coccia, Stefano

    2007-01-01

    of UAV wing skin-to-spar joints using guided waves and macroMonitoring the Wing Skin-to- Spar Bond in Unmanned Aerialsystem for the wing skin-to-spar bond in unmanned aerial

  17. Textiles, Guano and Railroads: The Role of the United States in the Early Development Failures of Peru, 1818-1876

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bollinger, William

    2012-01-01

    P RIDE AND R ACE Guano gave Peru power that was resented inand nation-building. Peruís naval power Ė a vital factor inthe context of the rise to power of Peruís self-described ď

  18. Textiles, Guano and Railroads: The Role of the United States in the Early Development Failures of Peru, 1818-1876

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bollinger, William

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. documents on the MarŪa Luz affair gave the Japanesechallenged Japan over the MarŪa Luz matter, the latter wouldthe Peruvian Barque MarŪa Luz, with Appendix. Yokohama: Ni-

  19. Textiles, Guano and Railroads: The Role of the United States in the Early Development Failures of Peru, 1818-1876

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bollinger, William

    2012-01-01

    Giesecke, Margarita. La bolsa de valores de Lima: 140 aŮosEnglish edition, Lima: Bolsa de Valores de Lima, 1997. óóó.Margarita Giesecke, La bolsa de valores de Lima: 140 aŮos de

  20. Fatigue analysis of stringer to floor beam connections in through plate girder and through truss railroad bridges†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Leslie Virginia

    1999-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to determine fatigue stresses in the stringer to floor beam connections of through plate girder (TPG) and through truss (TT) bridges in order to predict failure. Field observations by the Association of American...

  1. The evaluation of Cooper ratings for in-service timber railroad bridge stringers independent of the timber specie†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartell, Brent Cameron

    2003-01-01

    that can safely traverse the structure. Furthermore, a method to determine the strength of stringers, previously subjected to fatigue loading, is sought. Consequently, this study includes 1) the analysis of 14 bridge models to determine shear and bending...

  2. Ultrasonic guided waves for structural health monitoring and application to rail inspection prototype for the Federal Railroad Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coccia, Stefano

    2007-01-01

    to- Spar Bond in Unmanned Aerial VehiclesĒ, Proceedings ofto-spar bond in unmanned aerial vehicles,Ē IWSHM - The 5th

  3. Dr. Googin and his early days at Y-12, part 5 ¬Ą Beside the railroad tracks with John Googin

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sector FullDOE Office10 Jan2Energy Ernest0

  4. Studies on Reading Techniques Victor Basili, Gianluigi Caldiera, Filippo Lanubile, and Forrest Shull

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basili, Victor R.

    of Maryland Cleanroom study [Selby,Basili,Baker87]) to a case study (the first SEL Cleanroom study) to multi-project variation (the set of SEL Cleanroom projects [Basili,Green94]) and most recently, back to blocked subject

  5. Inservice and Preservice Teacher Knowledge and Perceptions of Social Emotional Learning and Its Impact on Reading and Overall Academic Attainment†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglass, April Gayle

    2012-10-19

    This dissertation describes the results of two studies that examined preservice and inservice teachers' knowledge of social and emotional learning (SEL) and its impact on academic achievement. Components of SEL, such as self-efficacy and self...

  6. Skip to content News blog for the UT Arlington Science & Engineering Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    Skip to content exSEL News News blog for the UT Arlington Science & Engineering Library Blog About team up to alleviate pain with wireless stimulators ę exSEL N... 8/10/2010http://blog Page 2 of 4Researchers team up to alleviate pain with wireless stimulators ę exSEL N... 8/10/2010http://blog

  7. AcademicAffairsUpdate Ini2a2vesfor20092010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    AcademicAffairsUpdate≠ Ini2a2vesfor20092010 JeremyHaefner Provost February2010 #12;Priorities Student Success; Inclusivity The0910Ini2a2ves #12;Initiative Status Priority Establish faculty associate to make decision Academic Operations The0910Ini2a2ves #12;Initiative Status Priority Develop new framework

  8. Roy A. Ruddle* Stephen J. Payne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruddle, Roy

    of VEs that are used in applications such as train- ing, data visualization, virtual tourism, and virtual et al., 1996). However, many people who explore VEs that are used for virtual tourism or virtual shopping, or are accessed via the World Wide Web will only experience the virtual version

  9. An analytical study of rail grinding optimization for rail-head fatigue defect prevention†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Scott Laurence

    1997-01-01

    Over the last two decades, the railroad industry has experienced a significant increase in heavy axle loads acting on railroad rails. In addition, railroad operations have been consolidated resulting in the elimination of ...

  10. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Railroad Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Railroad Consumers (Thousand...

  11. SA TEC Meeting Notes -- Final

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    by Short Line railroads. In addition, several Short Lines provide connections and switching between Class I railroads that serve power plants. The FRA initiated a study of...

  12. The Trans-Atlantic Cable Charles Byrne (Charles Byrne@uml.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, Charles

    , things were different. The US was a transcontinental power, integrated by railroads, telegraph. The US was a transcontinental power, integrated by railroads, telegraph, steamboats, the Erie Canal

  13. "The Waters . . . Belong To The People": Populist Victory Over Big Business and Progressive Federal Policy in the Nevada Water Law of 1913

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McFarlane, Richard Alan

    2011-01-01

    was completion of the Ďtranscontinentalí railroad after themiles, including four transcontinental lines. 124 ďTwos water law, once the transcontinental railroad effectively

  14. Preemptive Strike: Law in the Campaign for Clean Trucks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Scott

    2015-01-01

    to the approaching transcontinental railroad, which locala law directing the transcontinental railroad to run throughDetermined to bring transcontinental service to Los Angeles,

  15. "We Seek to Be Patient": Jeanne Wier and the Nevada Historical Society, 1904-1950

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Su Kim

    2015-01-01

    of the Collections .. 271 Transcontinental HighwayPacific Railroad during the transcontinental railroad days)HighwayĒóthe main transcontinental road through the state.

  16. Map of Cuba: its provinces, railroads, cities, towns, harbors, bays, etc. also southern Florida and neighboring islands of the West Indies†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowell Publishing Company

    1897-01-01

    study type problems for use in conjunction with a redeveloped Project Management Seminar; development of the rudiments of a field based control system for major capital construction projects; and participation in and enhancement of vendor... and Construction Quality ........... 24 Introduction Field Quality Information System Development Vendor Material Quality ..................................... 44 Introduction Preinspection Meetings Vendor Evaluation Shop Inspections Proposed Inspection...

  17. Fatigue analysis of single-span and two-span solid-sawn, creosote-treated southern pine railroad bridge stringers†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comardo, Angelique France

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess the performance and reliability of existing timber bridges that have been subjected to heavy axle load (HAL) operations. Specifically, the study focuses on the behavior of a single-span ...

  18. Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freight pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian > Ports and waterways >>> Transportation operat and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian > Ports and waterways >>> Transportation operations pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian

  19. Tools | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Information Resources Tools Tools Below are links to tools that assist users with project planning and analysis. Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Spectrally Enhanced Lighting (SEL)...

  20. EA-1917-MAP-2012.pdf

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Service NNMREC Northwest National Marine Energy Center ODFW Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife OSU Oregon State University SEL sound exposure level USFWS U.S. Fish and...

  1. *Transport and Mobility Laboratory, School of Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering, cole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne, Station 18, Lausanne, CH 1015, Email: {prem.viswanathan, michel.bierlaire}@epfl.ch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierlaire, Michel

    distinct cost components. Fueling stations charge a location dependent price for the fuel in addition's railroads operate with diesel fuel. Even though most of the railroad network in Europe is electrified, US railroads depend almost entirely on diesel fuel. Association of American Railroads has calculated

  2. Scheduling Direct and Indirect Trains and Containers in an Intermodal Setting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    transcontinental railroad. Other difficulties arise, in part, due to basic management and information lim- itations

  3. Slanted Allusions Bilingual Poetics and Transnational Politics in Marilyn Chin and Russell Leong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, K-K

    2011-01-01

    emigrants who built the transcontinental railroad. Here,the creation of the transcontinental railway. Henry himself

  4. Geographic scope, scale, and local social structure: Survival of chain and independent retailers in California, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacGregor, Nydia Marie

    2011-01-01

    2005. † Riding †the †Transcontinental †Rails: †Overland †celebrated †the †Transcontinental †Railroad †as †a †mighty †

  5. Clipperships, the Celebrities of the Sea Continued on page 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    , improvements in ocean- going steamers, and the completion of the transcontinental railroad all led to its

  6. Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Yield in a Marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    @ve for energy resources in aqua@c biological organisms ∑ Biohydrogen produc@on from@ves for sustainable energy sources. #12;Biohydrogen from Cyanobacteria - Hydrogen can of fermenta@ve products including hydrogen ∑ Engineering metabolic pathways that could

  7. Effect of Hydrolysis on the Properties of a New Viscoelastic Surfactant-Based Acid†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Zhenhua

    2013-08-07

    Viscoelastic surfactants (VES) have been widely used in acidizing and acid fracturing. They are used as diversion agents during matrix acid treatments and leakoff control agents during acid fracturing. At high temperatures, ...

  8. Investigation and Improvement of American Grapes at the Munson Experiment Grounds near Denison, Texas, from 1876 to 1900.†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munson, T. V. (Thomas Volney)

    1899-01-01

    - Thigh ton. Wyoming. -7. Del-aware. Concord. Rlartl~a. Wilder. Barry. 1\\Iissouri Eiesli ng. Foccklington. - - Catawba. "' Goethe. Highland. 3icPike. Worden. Moore Diamond. Lindley. Early Victor. Salem, ileawarn I 1ves. Herbert. This sho...

  9. The Biology of Reproductive Delays in Mammals: Reproductive Decisions, Energetics, and Evolutionary Ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orr, Teri Jean

    2012-01-01

    taxus). In Comparative Biology of Reproduction in Mammals. (variables. Systematic Biology 59, 9-26. I VES , A. R. & HThe Journal of Experimental Biology 266, R ACEY , P. A. & E

  10. Leverage Your VIVO Profiles with Modern Metrics to Tell the Stories of Your Research†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Andrea; Herbert, Bruce; Parkhill, Marianne

    2015-08-15

    our mission Defining Goals TAMU Strategic Planning TAMU Strategic Planning, 2015-≠?2020 h"p://provost.tamu.edu/ini3a3ves/ strategic-≠?planning-≠?2015-≠?2020 Moving Forward The Manziel...

  11. Molecular Simulation Study of Diverting Materials Used in Matrix Acidizing†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sultan, Abdullah S.

    2010-10-12

    Recently there has been a great deal of attention in the oilfield industry focused on the phenomenal properties of viscoelastic surfactants (VES). The interest is motivated by their applications as switchable smart fluids, their surface tension...

  12. SYNOPTIC ENVIRONMENTS AND CONVECTIVE MODES ASSOCIATED WITH SIGNIFICANT TORNADOES IN THE CONTIGUOUS UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 SYNOPTIC ENVIRONMENTS AND CONVECTIVE MODES ASSOCIATED WITH SIGNIFICANT TORNADOES the formation of the Severe Local Storms (SELS) Center of the United States Weather Bureau in the early 1950s in the early days of SELS was limited largely to pattern recognition, sounding analysis, and subjectively

  13. A review of "War, Domination, and the Monarchy of France: Claude de Seyssel and the Language of Politics in the Renaissance" by Rebecca Ard Boone†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Paul

    2009-01-01

    , the author could be reproached for limiting original research to Seys- sel?s own writings, and relying on secondary sources (notably Alberto Caviglia?s 1928 biography) for sketching out his life. A reconstruc- tion of Seyssel?s career based on archival...

  14. AUGUST 1999 507C O R F I D I The Birth and Early Years of the Storm Prediction Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -man operation under the direction of K. M. Barnett on 21 May 1952. The group was responsible for the issuance Barnett as SELS chief early that year. House instituted changes that led to more accurate watches. He also by Barnett. SELS continued to grow as additional forecast and support staff were added through the remainder

  15. SmartCast - Novel Textile Sensors for Embedded Pressure Sensing of Orthopedic Casts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danilovic, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    set_sleep_mode(SLEEP_MODE_PWR_DOWN); //enter Power-down Mode4 #define SEL2_PB0 8 #define SEL1_PD7 7 #define PWR_CTRL_PINPD5 #define PWR_CTRL_SD_CARD 6 //SmartCast bitFields for

  16. Public Meeting In Chicago - Rail Infrastructure Presentation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to-date average. The railroad cycle time is the time it takes a railroad to move a loaded coal train from the mine to the power plant plus the time it takes to move the train back...

  17. Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for a Geologic...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    construct and operate a railroad to transport spent nuclear fuel, high-level radioactive waste, and other materials from an existing railroad in Nevada to a repository at Yucca...

  18. Use of Technical Standards in Regulation of Oil and Gas Pipelines

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Hazmat Enhancing Railroad Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety Rail Routing Kevin R. Blackwell Radioactive Materials Program Manager Hazardous Materials Division Federal...

  19. Behaviors of impulses and instants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karre, Ross Patrick

    2011-01-01

    responsible for expedited transcontinental traversal, Lelands persistence with the transcontinental railroad projectalong Stanfordís transcontinental railway. Seventy years

  20. Will Nicaragua's Interoceanic Canal Result in an Environmental Catastrophe for Central America?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    .S. transcontinental railroad connected the east and west coasts,1 and make the lake an ideal route for an interoceanic

  1. Zachary Horowitz David Evans and Associates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    ∑ Transcontinental railroad ∑ US line mileage peaked ≠ 1916 ∑ 142,000 miles of track today ∑ UP's Bailey Yard #12;CTS

  2. June 20, 2012 June 20, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    of roads and canals in the early days of our Nation, to later construction of the transcontinental railroad

  3. 356 BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES FISH COMMIbSION. with Van Tieghem, that all plants are carnivorous, and we add that it

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Following the completion of the transcontinental railroad about tho year 18G9-"70,some of the oyster firmsin

  4. Post Offices as a Measure of Nebraska's Settlement Frontier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Andrew

    2011-04-27

    was proclaiming that the area, with the help of the railroad, could easily burst to life. Benton, Stephen Douglas, and other politicians were actually more interested in a transcontinental railroad to connect the East with the new states of California... greatly tarnished. The awarding of railroad grants in Nebraska started in 1862. A federal act that year gave the Union Pacific Company 4,846,108 acres, which was to be used to supplement construction of the first transcontinental railroad. This grant...

  5. 1 Copyright 2014 by ASME Proceedings of the 2014 Joint Rail Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    railroads in North America have made substantial investments in mainline and intermodal terminal capacity increase in freight traffic on Class 1 railroads in North America. From 1993 to 2012, Class 1 railroad doubling over this same period. Coal traffic also increased steadily, with tons originated increasing by 46

  6. A Molecular Railroad with Large Pores: Synthesis and Structure of Ni(4,4-bpy)2.5(H2O)2(ClO4)2,1.5(4,4-bpy),2H2O

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    and the study of their framework stability.3 Third, uncovering their unusual molecular sieving and ion network, where large pores of 11 ◊ 11 Ň dimensions exist despite the tendency of such networks to self.; Washizu, S.; Ogura, K. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1994, 116, 1151. (i) MacGillivray, L. R.; Subramanian, S

  7. Physical Layer Characteristics and Techniques for Visible Light Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Kaiyun

    2012-01-01

    and B. Gallagher. Using led lighting for ubiquitous indoorcommunications using white led lighting. IEEE J. on Sel.the receiver. If the future LED lighting evolves into a main

  8. Proceedings of the 29th Ann& Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences -1996 Syntax and Selmantics of PRETSEL-A Specification Language for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -time avionics applicaitons. In this paper we de- scribe the sysntax and operational semantics of PRET- SEL, displays, and data/control interaction with other subsystems. Some of the com- mon tasks in various Air

  9. Exchange Reactions Between a Molten Salt and a Solution of Tri...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Exchange Reactions Between a Molten Salt and a Solution of Tri-Butyl Phosphate in a Liquid Silicone; REACTIONS D'ECHANGE ENTRE UN SEL FONDU ET UNE SOLUTION DE...

  10. The Eleventh Annual Conference of the Graduate Students of the Department of Spanish & Portuguese at the University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emshwiller, Eve

    īs`El terremoto de Charleston'" 1:15pm-2:45pm -- Lunch #12;Thursday, March 12, 2015 cont'd 2:45pm-5:00pm -- El

  11. Physical Layer Characteristics and Techniques for Visible Light Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Kaiyun

    2012-01-01

    and B. Gallagher. Using led lighting for ubiquitous indoorcommunications using white led lighting. IEEE J. on Sel.based on either indoor LED lighting or outdoor LED tra?c

  12. Genome scale analysis of the role of superantigens in Staphylococcus aureus disease pathogenesis†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Gillian Jane C.

    2011-07-05

    Staphylococcus aureus produces a family of at least 21 distinct superantigens (SAgs) which include staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs), staphylococcal enterotoxin-like toxins (SEls), and toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1), ...

  13. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 99 February 1991 Marine Flora and Fauna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and mortgage in- surance and ve sel construction subsidies. It collects, analyzes, and publishes statistics system at San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, by Milton S. Love, Meenu Sandhu, Jeffrey Stein, Kevin T

  14. An Economic Appraisal of the Texas Hog Industry.†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeely, John G.; Kincannon, John A. (John Alvin)

    1952-01-01

    a recognized need for a -method of marketing livestock which permits buyers and sel- lers to meet on an equal basis with a reasonable assurance of a fair and equitable price. Prior to the establishment of public stockyards...

  15. Maria Druzhinina Anna Stefanopoulou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    of the vehicle's turbocharged diesel engine using a variable valve timing actuator. A model reference adaptive the turbocharged die- sel engine, that powers HDVs, into a compressor that absorbs kinetic energy from

  16. It's More Than Just Your Wallet... Identity Theft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    ple mo9ves: ≠ Creditor and tax evasion ≠ Avoiding criminal arrest records by provider, hospital by hospital, office by office and correct each record.... ≠ "...while you're... trying to clean up the records, the iden9ty thief can con9nue

  17. Pd-Catalyzed CdC Double-Bond Formation by Coupling of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jianbo

    of Organo- palladium Chemistry for Organic Synthesis; Wiley-Interscience: New York, 2002. (b) Lloyd-Jones, G, 234. (d) Tsuji, J. Palladium Reagents and Catalysts, New PerspectiVes For the 21st Century, 2nd ed, C. M.; Fairlamb, I. J. S.; Kapdi, A. R.; Serrano, J. L.; Taylor, R. J. K.; Sanchez, G. AdV. Synth

  18. Ris-R-1515(EN) Lifetime Modelling of Lead Acid Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RisÝ-R-1515(EN) Lifetime Modelling of Lead Acid Batteries Henrik Bindner, Tom Cronin, Per Lundsager Baring-Gould Title: Lifetime Modelling of Lead Acid Batteries Department: VEA, VES RisÝ-R-1515 April 2005 storage in batteries are an important part of many renewable based energy systems. Not only do batteries

  19. Wind Energy Department Annual Progress Report 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wind Energy Department Annual Progress Report 2003 Edited by Birgitte D. Johansen and Ulla Riis 2003 p. 6 Projects of the Department Meteorology (MET) p. 11 Aeroelastic Design (AED) p. 30 Wind Turbines (VIM) p. 36 Wind Energy Systems (VES) p. 41 Test and Measurements (TEM) p. 53 Sparkśr Blade Test

  20. What's the Greenhouse Effect? The earth is surrounded by a blanket of gases. This

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    of $100/ton (1 January 1991 ) ∑ Taxed the use of oil, coal, natural gas, petroleum gas (liquid), petrol on electricity, natural gas or oil ∑ makes using dirty fuels more expensive, and alterna@ves more compe@on ∑ And these guys... #12;Natural C02 Emissions ∑ Nature produces about 30 @mes more CO2 than human ac

  1. Accelerated Leach Test(s) Program: Annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dougherty, D.R.; Pietrzak, R.F.; Fuhrmann, M.; Colombo, P.

    1986-09-01

    A computerized data base of LLW leaching data has been developed. Long-term tests on portland cement, bitumen and vinyl ester-styrene (VES) polymer waste forms containing simulated wastes are underway which are designed to identify and evaluate factors that accelerate leaching without changing the mechanisms.

  2. spot marketss The impact of heat waves on electricity spot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universitšt

    : Electricity Market, Heat Wave, Germany, Climate Change JEL: Q41, Q54 Department of Economics, Carl von power production. During the 2006 heat wave, record electricity spot mar- ket prices of e 2,000 per conomi nburg, D urg D in E ves on nna Pec aus Eise ≠ 357 ≠ June 20 ics D-2611 Discu cono n electr han

  3. Using Nanotechnology in Viscoelastic Surfactant Stimulation Fluids†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurluk, Merve Rabia 1986-

    2012-11-12

    -networked VES fluid systems were analyzed in an HP/HT viscometer. A series of rheology experiments have been performed by using 2-4 vol% amidoamine oxide surfactant in 13 to 14.2 ppg CaBr2 brines and 10.8 to 11.6 ppg CaCl2 brines at different temperatures up...

  4. CoyoteCreekwatershedhistoriCaleCologystudy e x e C u t i v e s u m m a r y //exeCutivesummary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to reduce flood risk. InfIltratIon Versus DraInage--reDesIgnIng tHe way water moVes tHrougH tHe Valley-scale infiltration projects will be important to both flood protection and water supply, especially given predicted the report: Coyote Creek Watershed Historical Ecology Study: Historical Condition, Landscape Change

  5. Multi-User Layer in the EVE Distributed Virtual Reality Ch. Bouras D. Psaltoulis Ch. Psaroudis Th. Tsiatsos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the traditional user interfaces over the World Wide Web evolved into Virtual Environments (VEs) [6], in order worlds and the user can only interact with the environment. The need for new services in order to transform a single-user VRML world to a multi- user VRML world. This results in a very complex

  6. montoya_qer_santafe.pptx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AGENDA * Pipeline S afety P rogram - Pipeline S afety a nd S tate P rogram O verview - NAPSR's T op P riori;es f or 2 014 - NAPSR's N a;onal P erspec;ves * Excava;on Damage...

  7. Liberty County State of the Community Report†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shakra, Vera Abou; Page, Hilary; Yan, Wenqian

    2015-01-01

    map (Courtesy of TAMU, 2015) 26 Liberty County State of Community Railroads Both Burlington Northern & Santa Fe Railroad (BNSF) and Union Pacific Railroad (UP) operate and have track rights on rail throughout Liberty County (see Figure 31... the development of a 32-mile rail bypass route from the CMC rail yard west of Dayton northward to connect to the BNSF and/or UP to the east...

  8. Smart Structures and Systems, Vol. 6, No. 5-6 (2010) 675-687 675 Ultra low-power active wireless sensor for structural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Dong S.

    2010-01-01

    , holes, corrosion, collusions, delimitations, and loose joints, and can be applied to various kinds of infrastructures such as buildings, railroads, windmills, bridges and aircrafts. A *Corresponding Author, Professor

  9. A Self-powered Wireless Sensor Node for Structural Health , Dong Sam Haa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Dong S.

    infrastructures such as aircrafts, railroads, bridges, buildings and windmills using a sensing system integrated, holes, corrosion, delaminations, and loose joints. In the SHM process, the structure is monitored

  10. "Table 2. Real Average Annual Coal Transportation Costs, By Primary...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Real Average Annual Coal Transportation Costs, By Primary Transport Mode and Supply Region" "(2013 dollars per ton)" "Coal Supply Region",2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013 "Railroad"...

  11. Location Map

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Lane, Michael

    2013-06-27

    Map file package containing shaded relief base with Hot Pot project area, major roads, railroads, and rivers. The inset map shows regional Paleozoic structural elements.

  12. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    elements including Union Pacific Railroad, gas and electric utilities, and high-voltage transmission lines that provide power to the Grand Valley. Loss of the power lin

  13. Property:RAPID/Contact/ID3/Name | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Environmental Protection + Jon McRae + New Mexico State Land Office + Kelly Brooks Smith + O Oregon Department of Environmental Quality + David Cole + R Railroad Commission of...

  14. Microsoft PowerPoint - NTPAHWG_Jones [Compatibility Mode

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    criteria Test criteria through evaluation of primary and alternate routes from shut down sites to the nearest Class 1 railroad Preliminary Routing Activities 11 National...

  15. DOE issues Finding of No Significant Impact on the Disposition...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    - including a concussion wall, an observation tower, powder rooms, a gantry crane, gun abutments and railroad tracks. Interpretive signs discussing the World War II era will...

  16. Location Map

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Lane, Michael

    Map file package containing shaded relief base with Hot Pot project area, major roads, railroads, and rivers. The inset map shows regional Paleozoic structural elements.

  17. Lessons Learned Quarterly Report Archive | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    NEPA process. As noted in articles on recently issued DOE EISs (Complex Transformation, Yucca Mountain Repository and Railroad, and Western Energy Corridors), DOE has received...

  18. May 7, 2014 NOTES ON THE HISTORY OF FORESTRY IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franklin, Jerry

    "drivable" streams in the inventories of Forest Reserves Splash dams Railroad logging Different ≠ big Fumbled efforts to avert listing of the owl

  19. Property:RAPID/Contact/ID5/Position | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (State Lands Contact) + N Nevada Division of Environmental Protection + Bureau of Waste Management SW Branch Supervisor + R Railroad Commission of Texas + Discharge Permitting...

  20. Canadian Atlas Map Bundle Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Keywords (Subject): Railroads, mountains, parks and islands. Data Type: Vector Digital Data Format: Shapefile Datum / Map Projection: NAD83

  1. _

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    than the Railroad Alternative. Although the two routes are essentially equivalent in terms of length, the acreage of wetlands within proximity to the Project route is...

  2. Airport Modern: The Space between International Departures and Arrivals in Modern Korean National Imaginings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Alice S.

    2013-01-01

    of National(ist) Journeys: Transcontinental Railroads, theAirport Modern: Transcontinental Railways to Transpacificreplaced colonial-era transcontinental railways in the

  3. Dancing on the Rim of Dreams: A Variety Show Starring Five California Dance Pioneers in Five Acts With Prelude, Sagas, Historical Asides and Finale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Ann

    2011-01-01

    program cinched when the transcontinental railroad opened ins southernmost transcontinental interstate, extending fromBoulevard, is the transcontinental highway that opened in

  4. Military Formations: Mexican American Civil Rights And Community Belonging During The World War II Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bueno, Marianne

    2012-01-01

    industries (railroads and shipyards) where African Americanfactories, service jobs, shipyards, mills and a plethora offactories, steel mills, shipyards and aircraft repair

  5. Machine Vision Condition Monitoring of Heavy-Axle Load Railcar Structural Underframe Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todorovic, Sinisa

    , 97331 USA 3 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Computer Vision and Robotics Laboratory and efficient operation of the approximately 1.6 million freight cars (wagons) in the North American railroad There are approximately 1.6 million freight cars (wagons) operating in the North American railroad network

  6. materials so as to avoid populated areas (13). Furthermore, the inevitable transferal of risk from one community to another raises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    and Christopher P. L. Barkan 65 Hazardous materials traffic originates and terminates at numerous locations of security concerns and several fatal railroad hazardous materials accidents, railroads' interest in all possible means of reduc- ing hazardous materials transportation risk has intensified in recent years

  7. EXTENDING THE SERVICE LIFE OF TIMBER RAILWAY BRIDGES A. S. Uppal 111 and S. H. Rizkalla 121

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Its strength in compression, #12;2 shear and bending as well as its modulus of elasticity increase to extend the service life of existing railroad bridges. This paper outlines the various factors which playa into preventive, early remedial and major are discussed. The paper concludes that railroad bridges are cost

  8. 1 Copyright 2010 by ASME Proceedings of JRC2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    and reducing railroad accident risk. Improving tank car safety design [2, 3], optimizing route selection [4, 5 in infrastructure and equipment, improved safety design of railcars, employee training, and development. The benefits of reducing derailments were calculated using data on the costs of railroad accidents, combined

  9. New York State Department of Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    1 New York State Department of Transportation MTA Metro-North Railroad New York State Thruway Presentation May 7, 2010 #12;2 New York State Department of Transportation MTA Metro-North Railroad New York ∑ Unique Environmental Process ∑ Bridge Requirements ∑ Transit Analyses and Decisions #12;3 New York State

  10. The effect of heat and chemicals on the pericarp of the tomato, Lycopersicum esulentum Mill†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heddins, Gerald C

    1964-01-01

    RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ F81 1 obrp Anatolllg 1 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Varietal sisllariti. es . . . . . . . ~ Varietal d1fferenoes Varietal Feel1ng Charaoteristics ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Niorosoopio Studies of the Perloarp of Heat... next to the looules of the perioarp consists cf one layer cf flattened carenchyma cells mush smallex than the ad)oining oelle, Peeling Methods arid Related, Faotors The first canners removed the peel ent1rely by hand wi, th the a1d of sharp kn1ves...

  11. Flutter analysis of a cascade of staggered blades in subsonic flow†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kronenberger, Louis

    1977-01-01

    . DEDICATION To Lynda, Michelle, and Kellie. TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS DEDICATION TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES NOMENCLATURE INTRODUCTION AERODYNAMIC THEORY General Boundary Conditions Numerical Procedure... Variation on Aerodynamic Deri vati ves 26 2 Effect of Blade Segment Variation on Aerodynamic Derivatives 28 3 Summary of Two Degree of Freedom Flutter Analysis 46 LIST OF FIGURES Fi gure Cascade of Airfoi1s Blade Coordinates Two Degree of Freedom...

  12. Administrator's Manual Programming Systems Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Science Building New York, NY 10027 (212) ≠ 854≠2736 fax: (212) ≠ 666≠0140 TR CUCS--032≠91 October 9, 1991&T, BNR, DEC and SRA, by the New York State Center for Advanced Technology in Computers and Infor≠ mation : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 46 4 SEL programmer's guide 48 4.0.1 Envelopes

  13. Ferdinand Emmerich Quer durch Hawaii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    Ferdinand Emmerich Quer durch Hawaii 1. KAPITEL. Mein Kurs lag ostw√§rts. Meine Aufgabe war nahe- zu erf√ľllt. Noch blieb mir die Durchquerung der In- sel Hawaii, dann winkte mir eine l√§ngere Ruhepau- se. Wie Frachtdampfers, der mich nach Hawaii bringen sollte. Ich w√§hlte in Yokohama diesen schlichten Landsmann aus der

  14. CATCH BY LEADI G COU TIS 1960 70 U.N. USES NEARLY 100 FISHING VESSELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , test sea w a t e r , and to analyze samples of the aquat ic life fish eat . FAO Aims T he aims and marine engineers d sign th flshm sels and arrange constructton and d h The department head IS Jan-) TI-bottom quality, and presence of heavy metals (like mercury and cadmium) were che cked. Many Below Safety Levels

  15. SCHOLAR SPOTLIGHT TRAINING SCHOOL STAFF IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    can student teachers and school social worker interns learn to support their students' social-service training in SEL for UIC students that focused on race and class. The group training occurred over sixMarch 2014 SCHOLAR SPOTLIGHT TRAINING SCHOOL STAFF IN SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL LEARNING Introduction How

  16. On the Use, and Reuse, of Polymers for the Treatment of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Water Via a Solidliquid Partitioning Bioreactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daugulis, Andrew J.

    On the Use, and Reuse, of Polymers for the Treatment of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Water Via a Solid solution for treatment of diesel contaminated water. The lit- erature contains numerous reports describing strategy for the treatment of die- sel contaminated water by combining the advantage

  17. Temperature measurement and stabilization in a birefringent whispering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Nofrarias, J. Ramos-Castro, and P. J. Riu, "Thermal diagnostics front-end electronics for LISA pathfinder," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 33≠39 (2006). 10. V. S. Ilchenko, X. S. Yao, and L. Maleki, "Nonstationary nonlinear effects in optical microspheres," Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, ed. A

  18. Kernel Development for High Assurance Kevin Elphinstone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Gerwin

    practitioners. We espouse the use of functional programming lan- guages as a medium for prototyping microkernel. 1 Introduction We describe our approach to constructing seL4 -- a useful yet formally verified environments, means that the time is right to attempt formal verification by proof of a real- world microkernel

  19. Towards a Practical, Verified Kernel Kevin Elphinstone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roscoe, Timothy

    practitioners. We espouse the use of functional programming lan- guages as a medium for prototyping microkernel. 1 Introduction We describe our approach to constructing seL4 -- a useful yet formally verified environments, means that the time is right to attempt formal verification by proof of a real- world microkernel

  20. Oceanography Vol.23, No.124 MouNtaiNs iN the se a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandwell, David T.

    Oceanography Vol.23, No.124 MouNtaiNs iN the se a The Global seamount Census By Pau l We s sel , DaVi estimates for the global census of seamounts. BathyMetriC seaMouNt stuDies Bill Menard began the modern era

  1. A review of "The Politics of Rape: Sexual Atrocity, Propaganda Wars, and the Restoration Stage" by Jennifer L. Airey†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappa, Joseph

    2013-01-01

    -1 ??? ???????????-??????? ???? Jennifer L. Airey. ?e Politics of Rape: Sexual Atrocity, Propaganda Wars, and the Restoration Stage. Lanham, Maryland: University of Delaware Press, ????. viii + ??? pp. $??.??. Review by ?????? ?????, ?????????? ???????. In a ???? review essay, James... Grantham Turner observed how ?emergent scholars feel the pressure to theorize, to philosophize, to psychoanalyze, to politicize, which often leads to feverishly exaggerated theses? (SEL ?? (????), ???). In her Politics of Rape, Jennifer Airey has...

  2. Electric field Monte Carlo simulations of focal field distributions produced by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potma, Eric Olaf

    , and T. Wilson, "Adaptive aberration correction in a confocal micro- scope," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 5788≠5792 (2002). 5. L. Sherman, J. Y. Ye, O. Albert, and T. B. Norris, "Adaptive correction-Kortum, "Three-dimensional computation of light scattering from cells," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2

  3. Tailored Macroporous SiCN and SiC Structures for High-Temperature Fuel Reforming**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenis, Paul J. A.

    Tailored Macroporous SiCN and SiC Structures for High-Temperature Fuel Reforming** By In-Kyung Sung such as the reforming of hydrocarbon fuels (e.g., die- sel or JP-8) into hydrogen for use in portable power sources. Performing heterogeneous catalytic reactions in porous struc- tures at the microscale has certain advantages

  4. Executive Summary of Initiative Launching a Re-envisioning Initiative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    these public services 1 Message from the University Librarian about the SEL Chemistry Closure, http://blogs.library1 Executive Summary of Initiative Launching a Re-envisioning Initiative The UC Berkeley Library has embarked upon a process to re-envision library services that will result in a new service model

  5. An Architectural Approach for Cost Effective Trustworthy Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuz, Ihor

    may trust an individual to keep a secret but not to be able to leap tall buildings in a single bound. Keeping a secret and leaping a building are two distinct properties with different techniques the formally verified operating system microkernel, seL4 [4], and designing and verifying systems built on top

  6. Realistic Evaluation of the Precision and Accuracy of Instrument Calibration Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    measurement methods. As Chief of the Statistical Engineering Laboratory (SEL), Applied Mathematics Division publication on the subject. With impeccable scholarship and commitment to detail, Eisenhart synthesized his to measurement processes. Three basic concepts in the paper were immediately accepted by metrologists at NBS

  7. all im part.-st com$ined.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    brow. share.- all.- Cheer-fuI-ness, Un - sel-fish, Che - rished you are you are you are by by by so SO SO well loved well loved well loved laugh - con-side me -mo #12;jo - y that kind-ness that you have

  8. Engineering task plan for the annual revision of the rotary mode core sampling system safety equipment list

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BOGER, R.M.

    1999-05-13

    This Engineering Task Plan addresses an effort to provide an update to the RMCS Systems 3 and 4 SEL and DCM in order to incorporate the changes to the authorization basis implemented by HNF-SD-WM-BIO-001, Rev. 0 (Draft), Addendum 5 , Safety Analysis for Rotary Mode Core Sampling. Responsibilities, task description, cost estimate, and schedule are presented.

  9. Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels Jason- out reducing food supplies. We use these criteria to evaluate, through life-cycle accounting, ethanol from corn grain and biodie- sel from soybeans. Ethanol yields 25% more energy than the energy invested

  10. PolynomialTime Membership Comparable Sets Mitsunori Ogihara 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogihara, Mitsunori

    , Sel82a, AH92, Ko83, Tod91, LS93, BvHT93, NOS93, HNOS93, HHO + 93, HNOS94]. Recently, there have been¬≠time complexity classes occur. Hemachan¬≠ dra et al [HHO + 93] studied internal structure of the class of sets Ňł p

  11. Derived equivalence classi cation of weakly symmetric algebras of Euclidean type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holm, Thorsten

    is isomorphic to its top P= rad P . The classical examples of sel#12;njective algebras (respectively, symmetricDerived equivalence classi#12;cation of weakly symmetric algebras of Euclidean type Rafa l Bocian Copernicus University, Chopina 12/18, 87-100 Toru#19;n, Poland b Institut fur Algebra und Geometrie, Fakult

  12. Chaos detection tools: application to a self-consistent triaxial model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NicolŠs Maffione; Luciano Darriba; Pablo Cincotta; Claudia Giordano

    2012-12-13

    Together with the variational indicators of chaos, the spectral analysis methods have also achieved great popularity in the field of chaos detection. The former are based on the concept of local exponential divergence. The latter are based on the numerical analysis of some particular quantities of a single orbit, e.g. its frequency. In spite of having totally different conceptual bases, they are used for the very same goals such as, for instance, separating the chaotic and the regular component. In fact, we show herein that the variational indicators serve to distinguish both components of a Hamiltonian system in a more reliable fashion than a spectral analysis method does. We study two start spaces for different energy levels of a self-consistent triaxial stellar dynamical model by means of some selected variational indicators and a spectral analysis method. In order to select the appropriate tools for this paper, we extend previous studies where we make a comparison of several variational indicators on different scenarios. Herein, we compare the Average Power Law Exponent (APLE) and an alternative quantity given by the Mean Exponential Growth factor of Neary Orbits (MEGNO): the MEGNO's Slope Estimation of the largest Lyapunov Characteristic Exponent (SElLCE). The spectral analysis method selected for the investigation is the Frequency Modified Fourier Transform (FMFT). Besides a comparative study of the APLE, the Fast Lyapunov Indicator (FLI), the Orthogonal Fast Lyapunov Indicator (OFLI) and the MEGNO/SElLCE, we show that the SElLCE could be an appropriate alternative to the MEGNO when studying large samples of initial conditions. The SElLCE separates the chaotic and the regular components reliably and identifies the different levels of chaoticity. We show that the FMFT is not as reliable as the SElLCE to describe clearly the chaotic domains in the experiments.

  13. Doctor of Engineering internship at Dow Chemical U.S.A.: an internship report†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snowden, James Derwood, 1945-

    2013-03-13

    of Engineering of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of DOCTOR OF ENGINEERING August 1976 Major Subject: Civil Engineering DOCTOR OF ENGINEERING INTERNSHIP AT DOW CHEMICAL U.S.A. An Internship Report by JAMES... Chart for Engineering and Construction Services, Plant B, Freeport, Texas 3 Plan View of Polyethylene Plant and Railroad Spur 4 East Elevation View of Railroad Loading Structure 5 Typical Cross-Section of Railroad Spur PAGE 3 7 13 14 15...

  14. A study of open payment fare systems : system design, fare engine algorithm and GTFS extension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    This thesis describes the design and implementation of the key parts of an open payment system that supports mobile phone ticketing for the Long Island Railroad (LIRR), a part of the New York Metropolitan Transportation ...

  15. Advanced Technology for Railway Hydraulic Hazard Forecasting†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huff, William Edward 1988-

    2012-12-05

    Railroad bridges and culverts in the United States are often subject to extreme floods, which have been known to washout sections of track and ultimately lead to derailments. The potential for these events is particularly high in the western U...

  16. Stefan Schmid @ T-Labs, 2011 Network Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmid, Stefan

    . Nervous system. Google+ users. Smart grid. 2Stefan Schmid @ T-Labs Berlin, 2013/4 #12;Good Topologies the cities of a country with an efficient railroad or telecommunication infrastructure? (Expensive?) - How

  17. The reconstruction of the Lake Champlain sidewheel steamer Champlain II†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldwin, Elizabeth Robinson

    1997-01-01

    , the Rutland Railroad, the Delaware and Hudson Company and the Champlain Transportation Company, and chronicles the changes in Oakes Ames ownership and her subsequent refit as a passenger line boat. Particular attention is paid to the details of the wreck...

  18. Adverse Event Detection (AED) System for Continuously Monitoring and Evaluating Structural Health Status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Dong S.

    is capable of detecting, locating, and quantifying various types of damage such as cracks, holes, corrosion, railroads, windmills, bridges, and aircraft. To detect or locate various types of defects, it necessitates

  19. Advances in Environmental Vibration Fifth International Symposium on Environmental Vibration, Chengdu, China, October 20-22, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    Advances in Environmental Vibration Fifth International Symposium on Environmental Vibration, Chengdu, China, October 20-22, 2011 Ballast Vibrations and Deformations due to Different Train Loading patterns on the vibration and permanent deformation accumulation trends of railroad ballast. As opposed

  20. A systems approach for developing, designing, and transitioning moving map technology in U.S. rail applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voelbel, Kathleen

    2014-01-01

    Safety, efficiency and productivity are top priorities for rail industries, but technology implementation faces many barriers. While the demands of locomotive engineers and railroads are increasing, the industry lacks a ...

  1. Absenteeism prediction and labor force optimization in rail dispatcher scheduling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Taylor (Taylor Moroni)

    2013-01-01

    Unplanned employee absences are estimated to account for a loss of 3% of scheduled labor hours. This can be costly in railroad dispatcher scheduling because every absence must be filled through overtime or a qualified extra ...

  2. Ownership of Carbon Dioxide Captured by Clean Coal Project (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation stipulates that the Railroad Commission of Texas automatically acquires the title to any carbon dioxide captured by a clean coal project in the state. The Bureau of Economic...

  3. The EP-4(0) shielding kits: a new approach to protection from induced voltage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vorob'ev, A. Yu.; Otmorskii, S. G.; Smekalov, V. V.; Gorozhankina, E. N.; Sosunov, N. N.; Bol'shunov, A. M.

    2011-09-15

    Problems of safety in work on overhead power lines and the overhead railroad ac contact network under induced voltages are considered. The use of additional individual protection systems is proposed to provide protection from electric shock during such work.

  4. PURDUE EXTENSION Animal Damage Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    to equipment, injury to livestock, and create significant erosion problems in levees, pond dams and railroad, small ears and a short, bushy tail. The body fur is long, coarse, and grizzled grayish-brown in color

  5. Slide 1

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Transfer packages in process for K-31K- 33 and Former PowerhouseDuct Island areas - Portal 4: CROET interest for potential railroad museum 12 www.energy.govEM 13 Historic...

  6. 54th Lessons Learned Quarterly Report, March 2008

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Welcome to the 54th quarterly report on lessons learned in the†NEPA process. As noted in articles on recently issued DOE†EISs (Complex Transformation, Yucca Mountain Repository†and Railroad, and...

  7. Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that were previously unprofitable and are often the lifeline for many rural agriculture communities. Texas for many rural agriculture communities. Texas currently has 41 short line railroads that operate on more

  8. Assessing the impact of regulation and deregulation on the rail and trucking industries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lowtan, Donavan M. (Donavan Mahees), 1975-

    2004-01-01

    (cont.) Many Class I railroads disappeared and severe competition bankrupted many small carriers in the trucking industry. Larger trucking carriers gained market dominance. Real wages in the trucking industry fell. The ...

  9. Union Station, Tacoma, Washington : a design study for a surplus rail site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, Jeffrey David

    1982-01-01

    Recent technological changes in railroads, mergers, major shifts in urban land use patterns, and declining rail passenger travel has resulted in a surplus of urban rail lands. These lands represent a significant resource ...

  10. Estimating commuter rail demand to Kendall Square along the Grand Junction Corridor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bockelie, Adam

    2012-01-01

    Since acquiring the Grand Junction Railroad in June 2010 from CSX, the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority (MBTA) has explored the possibility of using the line for commuter rail service. In addition the Grand Junction ...

  11. Investigating the Effects of Corrosion on the Fatigue Life of Welded Steel Attachments†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soape, Jack

    2012-07-16

    The railroad industry plays a pivotal role in commerce and greatly impacts America's economy. With this in mind, they cannot afford downtime or service interruptions due to bridge or member replacement. Corrosion of bridges ...

  12. TEC/WG Tribal Topic Group

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    has identified 39 Tribes with reservations along potential highway and railroad routes to Yucca Mountain. Jay has visited 4 of those Tribes, where he made a presentation on the...

  13. Trucking country : food politics and the transformation of rural life in Postwar America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Shane, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Trucking replaced railroads as the primary link between rural producers and urban consumers in the mid-twentieth century. With this technological change came a fundamental transformation of the defining features of rural ...

  14. Future Impacts of Coal Distribution Constraints on Coal Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCollum, David L

    2007-01-01

    RailroadsĒ, Conference on the Future of Coal, U.S. SenateFuture Impacts of Coal Distribution Constraints on Coal Costone at that! -ii- Future Impacts of Coal Distribution

  15. SBIR/STTR ALERTING SERVICE --October 14, 2011 The SBIR/STTR Alerting Service is a free service that provides bi-weekly notification of SBIR and STTR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -- NIH New Start-Up Evaluation License and Start-Up Commercial License Agreements Announced -- SBIR II: $700K Federal Railroad Administration 12.1-FR3 Advanced Locomotive Energy Storage System

  16. Micro- and nano- scale experimental approach to surface engineer metals†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asthana, Pranay

    2007-09-17

    , and surface modification for tribological augmentation of surfaces. An effort has been made to study these aspects through gaining insights by fundamental studies leading to specific practical applications in railroads. The basic idea was to surface engineer...

  17. A Science Service ,P?ature-Released upon receipt but illtended f o r use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    centering at St. Louis experienced serious losses every winter i n connection with shipments of sand. before the railroads adopted ths obvious remedy of gctting rJgular temperature fore- casts from

  18. WiFi Meet FuFi: Research Topics in SCM and DSS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Datta, Shoumen

    2008-07-31

    Disruptive innovation catalysed by energy (carbon footprint) may reshape supply chain and logistics. The continents of Europe, Asia and Africa may evolve as a connected value network through railroad logistics.

  19. Ecological Indicators 11 (2011) 304310 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olden, Julian D.

    2011-01-01

    Ecological Indicators 11 (2011) 304≠310 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Ecological.g., number of canals, dams), and human development (e.g., road and railroads density, pollution sites

  20. Transportation Science and the Dynamics of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    water or electricity? 1952 - Samuelson gave a rigorous mathematical formulation of spatial price: Unification of Evolutionary Variational Inequalities and Projected Dynamical Systems #12;Components of Common Stations, Plants Pipelines, Transmission Lines Water, Gas, Oil, Electricity #12;US Railroad Freight Flows

  1. Dynamic Networks: Recent Results and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    water or electricity? 1952 - Samuelson gave a rigorous mathematical formulation of spatial price: Unification of Evolutionary Variational Inequalities and Projected Dynamical Systems #12;Components of Common Stations, Plants Pipelines, Transmission Lines Water, Gas, Oil, Electricity #12;US Railroad Freight Flows

  2. EIA Energy Information Administration

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    amounts of gas to offset low coal stocks and delayed deliveries of coal. The logistics problem has been brought about by the planned merger of two railroad systems that...

  3. Microsoft Word - Test4.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    for the possibility of a warmer-than- normal summer and the continuing railroad logistics problems in the Southwest. The current trading price for the June, July, and August...

  4. Assessing Exposures to Particulate Matter and Manganese in Welding Fumes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIU, SA

    2010-01-01

    nickel†and†manganese†in†shipyard†welding†fumes. †Welding†on†weld†fume†exposures†in†a†shipyard†confined†space†welding†1: Manufacturing 2: Shipyard 3: Railroad 4: Automobile 0:

  5. Network Economics Anna Nagurney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Performance/Efficiency Measure with Applications to a Variety of Network Systems ∑ Transportation Network Network Satellite and Undersea Cable Networks Duke Energy Gas Pipeline Network Transportation with transportation as the unifying application. #12;Subway Network Railroad Network Iridium Satellite Constellation

  6. Decision Models for Bulk Energy Transportation Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    & pipelines ∑ Coal mines & rail/barges ∑ Storage ∑ Electricity market ∑ Electric gen & trans ∑ Costs ... ... Primary Energy Supplies Gas Coal Railroad, Barge ... ... Storage & Transportation Systems Energy Transportation Networks #12;Structural Model: Energy Flows GAS COAL ELECTRIC Case A: 2002

  7. Safety equipment list for the light duty utility arm system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnes, G.A.

    1998-03-02

    The initial issue (Revision 0) of this Safety Equipment List (SEL) for the Light Duty Utility Arm (LDUA) requires an explanation for both its existence and its being what it is. All LDUA documentation leading up to creation of this SEL, and the SEL itself, is predicated on the LDUA only being approved for use in waste tanks designated as Facility Group 3, i.e., it is not approved for use in Facility Group 1 or 2 waste tanks. Facility Group 3 tanks are those in which a spontaneous or induced hydrogen gas release would be small, localized, and would not exceed 25% of the LFL when mixed with the remaining air volume in the dome space; exceeding these parameters is considered unlikely. Thus, from a NFPA flammable gas environment perspective the waste tank interior is not classified as a hazardous location. Furthermore, a hazards identification and evaluation (HNF-SD-WM-HIE-010, REV 0) performed for the LDUA system concluded that the consequences of actual LDUA system postulated accidents in Flammable Gas Facility Group 3 waste tanks would have either NO IMPACT or LOW IMPACT on the offsite public and onsite worker. Therefore, from a flammable gas perspective, there is not a rationale for classifying any of SSCs associated with the LDUA as either Safety Class (SC) or Safety Significant (SS) SSCs, which, by default, categorizes them as General Service (GS) SSCs. It follows then, based on current PHMC procedures (HNF-PRO-704 and HNF-IP-0842, Vol IV, Section 5.2) for SEL creation and content, and from a flammable gas perspective, that an SEL is NOT REQ@D HOWEVER!!! There is both a precedent and a prudency to capture all SSCS, which although GS, contribute to a Defense-In-Depth (DID) approach to the design and use of equipment in potentially flammable gas environments. This Revision 0 of the LDUA SEL has been created to capture these SSCs and they are designated as GS-DID in this document. The specific reasons for doing this are listed.

  8. EIS-0250-S2: Supplemental EIS for a Geologic Repository for the Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste at Yucca Mountain, Nye County, Nevada- Nevada Rail Transportation Corridor

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This SEIS is to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of constructing and operating a railroad for shipments of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste from an existing rail line in Nevada to a geologic repository at Yucca Mountain. The purpose of the evaluation is to assist the Department in deciding whether to construct and operate a railroad in Nevada, and if so, in which corridor and along which specific alignment within the selected corridor.

  9. "Mightier than the Sword" and integrated marketing communications strategy for Lathrop & Gage LLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichols, Stephen G.

    2014-09-03

    . 5 The firmís first and oldest client is the BNSF Railroad ("Our Approach: Lathrop," 2013). The firm also operates a human resources consultancy called HROI Human Resources Return on Investment; a government relations firm called EnGage LLC.... 5 The firmís first and oldest client is the BNSF Railroad ("Our Approach: Lathrop," 2013). The firm also operates a human resources consultancy called HROI Human Resources Return on Investment; a government relations firm called EnGage LLC...

  10. Rail transportation update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchsbaum, L.

    2009-01-15

    Record western coal shipments and lucrative export traffic lead America's railroad to their fourth most profitable year in history. But with the coal boom going bust, higher rates, and a new administration and congress, what sort of transportation year can coal mines and shippers expect in 2009? The article gives the opinions of company executives and discusses findings of the recent so-called Christenson Report which investigated growing railroad market power. 1 ref., 1 fig.

  11. The use of a synthetic attractant as a survey instrument for the southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmerman†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nash, Charles Ross

    1970-01-01

    ? ch 1s 2 t1(. n?t+1 fa iin 2?00th;. . Ot" 1 cap. Ti;is i" ~)~?Ortant because of the southern pine beet" e'0 ahi -:t~ to ?cove rpi?ard in thc Stir&en to the top o the trap ;)here '" ua?1'cs in -"= circu&zr pct!? around? . he ri ?of the cap. i, sel...

  12. A review of "To Repair the Ruins: Reading Milton" edited by Mary C. Fenton and Louis Schwartz†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welch, Anthony

    2013-01-01

    rejects familiar models of readerly recogni- tion and self-discovery, seeking instead to foster forms of reading, and loving, that move beyond all sel?sh expectations of ??nding oneself? in a moral lesson or a decoded riddle (???). Further historicizing.... Jonathan Shears. ?e Romantic Legacy of Paradise Lost: Reading against the Grain. Farnham and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, ????. ix + ??? pp. ???.??/$??.??. Review by ??? ? ?. ?????, ???? ? ???????. In this helpful book, Jonathan Shears focuses on ?the...

  13. PO#TA#OV ALGEBRA DAVID STANOVSK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barto, Libor

    #tsŇł√≠ spole#n√Ĺ d#litel #i rozklad na ireducibiln√≠ #initele. Mnoho rychl√Ĺch algoritm# je zalozŇłeno na tzv. moŇłit√≠ algoritm#, kter√© se nau#√≠me, pat#√≠ v√Ĺpo#etn√≠ teorie #√≠sel (rozklady, testy prvo#√≠selnosti, apod.), v√Ĺpo

  14. A hierarchical circuit extractor†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ledbetter, William Burl

    1982-01-01

    committee. V1 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION II CIRCUIT EXTRACTION III HIERARCHICAL CIRCUIT EXTRACTION IV A HIERARCHICAL CIRCUIT EXTRACTOR V EVALUATION VI CONCLUSIONS REFERENCES APPENDIX A APPENDIX B VITA PAGE 12 16 29 39 43 44... 46 103 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE I Symbolic Node Name Differentiation Z SIE Node Connectivity Algorithm 3 Sel ecti ve Interface Extr acti on Al gori thm 4 Checkplot of LEDRC 5 Extraction of LEDRC 6 Schematic of LEDRC . 7 Checkplot of LEDIN . 8...

  15. Characterization Plan for Soils Around Drain Line PLA-100115

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. Shanklin

    2006-05-24

    This Characterization Plan supports the Hazardous Waste Management Act/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (HWMA/RCRA) closure of soils that may have been contaminated by releases from drain line PLA-100115, located within the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center at the Idaho National Laboratory Site. The requirements to address the closure of soils contaminated by a potential release from this line in a characterization plan was identified in the "HWMA/RCRA Less Than 90-day Generator Closure Report for the VES-SFE-126."

  16. The modification of a radio frequency Cockcroft Walton generator†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Joseph Marion

    1954-01-01

    Coeheroft galton yenerator by rodeo%rainy and rebuiMing the entire unit? Th? obgeeti. ves of this nedifieation are to increase the pacer ef' the units te develop a separate pecker supply for heating tho filaaents, te aohisre eompaetnose by oil innsrs... an infinite i@pod?no? "ine? several investir~tor?~t~I9 have obtained th? sana relation fer tho volt~re efficienay of tho gaerator by relubiog th? at: ek te various equivalent transnission line?, the develep cent presented by Lerrain and )'vorhart4' nay be...

  17. Amplifier insensitive integrator design for active RC filter synthesis†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Glenn Roger

    1980-01-01

    the integrating capacitors by an appropriate resistor, Rf . Thus K can be represented as follows: K = Rf/R (74) Fig. 22 g1ves an example of this substitut1on into the integrator of Fig. 9 (p. 29). The correspond1ng ampl1f1er transfer funct1on 1s given... Figure Second-order, state-variable band-pass filter structure. Page 2. Operat1onal amplifier. 3. General filter us1ng at least one integrator. 4. General three-op amp RC active circuit. 5. First-order RC passive circuit. 6. Rea'l1zation of first...

  18. The use of lysine supplementation in broiler diets containing cottonseed oil meal and sesame oil meal†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, William Kenneth

    1960-01-01

    The Uee of Iyeine Suppleaentetdon in LhoLler Qiets Gonteisdag Cottonseed Oil Meel snd Seseae Oil Meal Suhaitted to the (heduete Sohool of the kgrioulturel end Meehenioel College of Texas in pertiel fulfillaent of the reya1reeeate for the degree... of Meeter of Soieaoe hugest 1/60 ~or Sub)est~ Poultry Soieeos (LLutrition) Ths Ves of ~inc Suppleeentation in Brollex Diets Containing Cottonseed 011 Heal aad ossans Oil Nsal Milliaa Kenneth Siwaona Approved aa to style and content by: ToblAI of Cocl...

  19. QER- Comment of Steve Sharp

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    From: Steve Sharp Sent: Thursday, June 26, 2014 2:53 PM To: Richards, John Cc: Steve Sharp; Scott McAdory Subject: Freight rail "Quote a Rate" issue John: Attached is a map we often use to help explain the "Quote a Rate" problem that we have with the freight railroads in the United States. There are many other similar situations but this one is a good example. The Rodemacher Plant near Alexandria, Louisiana primarily burns Powder River Basin (PRB) coal from near Gillette, Wyoming. This power plant is less than 20 miles from Alexandria, Louisiana. The distance from Gillette, Wyoming to Alexandria, Louisiana is about 1,500 miles. As you can see from the map, you could deliver coal from the PRB to Alexandria by using only the Union Pacific (UP) or you could (it would appear) use the Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) and the Kansas City Southern (KCS). From Alexandria the only one of the rail lines that actually goes to the plant is UP. So it would appear that the only portion of the route that doesn't have rail competition is the last portion from Alexandria to the plant which is less than 20 miles. Even though all these railroads are Common Carrier railroads, the STB practices and administrative decisions over the years allow railroads to refuse to quote customers a rate in this situation. In other words, UP will only give the owner of the plant a rate to haul PRB coal from Wyoming to the plant. They will not quote a rate from Alexandria to the plant, Kansas City to the plant, etc. Other traffic is interchanged between these same railroads at these locations. Decisions like these were originally intended to help boost the finances of railroads that were on the verge of bankruptcy. Now that the railroads are financially healthy, these past decisions need to be reviewed and reversed. Steve Sharp CURE President

  20. LNG Safety Assessment Evaluation Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muna, Alice Baca; LaFleur, Angela Christine

    2015-05-01

    Sandia National Laboratories evaluated published safety assessment methods across a variety of industries including Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), hydrogen, land and marine transportation, as well as the US Department of Defense (DOD). All the methods were evaluated for their potential applicability for use in the LNG railroad application. After reviewing the documents included in this report, as well as others not included because of repetition, the Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen Safety Plan Checklist is most suitable to be adapted to the LNG railroad application. This report was developed to survey industries related to rail transportation for methodologies and tools that can be used by the FRA to review and evaluate safety assessments submitted by the railroad industry as a part of their implementation plans for liquefied or compressed natural gas storage ( on-board or tender) and engine fueling delivery systems. The main sections of this report provide an overview of various methods found during this survey. In most cases, the reference document is quoted directly. The final section provides discussion and a recommendation for the most appropriate methodology that will allow efficient and consistent evaluations to be made. The DOE Hydrogen Safety Plan Checklist was then revised to adapt it as a methodology for the Federal Railroad Administrationís use in evaluating safety plans submitted by the railroad industry.

  1. Summary of canister overheating incident at the Carbon Tetrachloride Expedited Response Action site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Driggers, S.A.

    1994-03-10

    The granular activated carbon (GAC)-filled canister that overheated was being used to adsorb carbon tetrachloride vapors drawn from a well near the 216-Z-9 Trench, a subsurface disposal site in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. The overheating incident resulted in a band of discolored paint on the exterior surface of the canister. Although there was no other known damage to equipment, no injuries to operating personnel, and no releases of hazardous materials, the incident is of concern because it was not anticipated. It also poses the possibility of release of carbon tetrachloride and other hazardous vapors if the incident were to recur. All soil vapor extraction system (VES) operations were halted until a better understanding of the cause of the incident could be determined and controls implemented to reduce the possibility of a recurrence. The focus of this report and the intent of all the activities associated with understanding the overheating incident has been to provide information that will allow safe restart of the VES operations, develop operational limits and controls to prevent recurrence of an overheating incident, and safely optimize recovery of carbon tetrachloride from the ground.

  2. Robotic vehicle with multiple tracked mobility platforms

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Salton, Jonathan R. (Albuquerque, NM); Buttz, James H. (Albuquerque, NM); Garretson, Justin (Albuquerque, NM); Hayward, David R. (Wetmore, CO); Hobart, Clinton G. (Albuquerque, NM); Deuel, Jr., Jamieson K. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2012-07-24

    A robotic vehicle having two or more tracked mobility platforms that are mechanically linked together with a two-dimensional coupling, thereby forming a composite vehicle of increased mobility. The robotic vehicle is operative in hazardous environments and can be capable of semi-submersible operation. The robotic vehicle is capable of remote controlled operation via radio frequency and/or fiber optic communication link to a remote operator control unit. The tracks have a plurality of track-edge scallop cut-outs that allow the tracks to easily grab onto and roll across railroad tracks, especially when crossing the railroad tracks at an oblique angle.

  3. Great Republic: a historical and archaeological analysis of a Pacific mail steamship†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Andrew Philip

    2009-05-15

    -completion of the transcontinental railroad, the United States of America was in a position to take control of trade to the Far East. Once the railroad was complete, an established line of steamships finished the route from the eastern seaboard to the Far East. This route... of the transcontinental railway in 1869, the United States became the dominant power in the Asian market. Great Republic was a product of this movement. Built in 1866 as the premier steamship of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company?s China route, Great Republic...

  4. Ann bay lodyans 9 / se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    LibenĒ) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon NouvŤl : Fondasyon Alfa LwŤs, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml MARYAJ MALIS TWOUKOUKOU Vwala se Malis ki gen yon sel... rantre nan chanm Ian ak yon lanp. Yo gade, epi yo we moun ak mouchwa wouj la. Yo peze kou moun ak foula a jous li toufe, epi yo ale. Nan denmen maten, Malis leve. L al di yo: "Mezanmi, mesi anpil. M gen lontan m pa gen yon bon nwit kon sa...

  5. Threadleaf Groundsel and Forage Response to Herbicides in the Davis Mountains.†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, R.D.; Ueckert, D.N.; Nelson J.T.; Cox, J.R.

    1982-01-01

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 9 KEYWORDS: Poisonous plan tslrange managemen t / threadleaf groundsel/woolly groundsel/woolly senecio/2 , 4D/dicam bal picloram/tebuthiuron/pelleted herbicides. Threadleaf Groundsel and Forage Response to Herbicides in the Davis Mountains R. D... and Igneous Hill and Moun tain range sites in the Davis Mountains. Tebuthiuron applied as sprays of wettable powder in water or pellets at 1.1 kglha during summer reduced threadleaf ground sel densities by 99 to 100 percent for almost 20 months after...

  6. Biodiversity | Savannah River National Environmental Park

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBeryllium andSampler As AnEl biodiésel es unNatural

  7. Bioelectrocatalysis of hydrogen oxidation/production by hydrogenases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBeryllium andSampler As AnEl biodiésel es

  8. Bioenergy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBeryllium andSampler As AnEl biodiésel esBioenergy

  9. Biofuels | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBeryllium andSampler As AnEl biodiésel

  10. Biographical sketch - Ana Moore | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBeryllium andSampler As AnEl biodiéselProduction

  11. Stefan Schmid @ T-Labs, 2011 Foundations of Distributed Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmid, Stefan

    or Gnutella) sometimes it can be designed (e.g., smart grid network, overlay p2p network), - sometimes nodes. Smart grid. Stefan Schmid @ T-Labs Berlin, 2012 4 #12;Shared Memory vs Message Passing? Similarities is a ,,good topology"? It depends... - How to interconnect the cities of a country with an efficient railroad

  12. CEE@UIUC E-Newsletter http://universityofillinois.createsend5.com/T/ViewEmail/r/9021E815CA0FE14A/0BB0EBF6DB9D17A244D0DD5392A9C75A[5/3/2010 11:41:39 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Tonghun

    on the earthquake response CEE High-Speed Rail a New Focus for Illinois Railroad Engineering Program High-speed rail, the first university-level class in high- speed rail to be offered in the country. In addition, a major international rail conference will be held on the U of I campus in April, featuring high-speed and intercity

  13. Tibet Train

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2005-12-14

    history of doing what the rest of the world considers impossible. Think Great Wall. Think Three Gorges Dam. When the railroad is finished in 2007, it will run 695 miles from Lhasa to Golmud at nosebleeding heights of up to 16,000 feet above sea level...

  14. Mount Everest Highway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2007-08-08

    Broadcast Transcript: If China has a national sport, well, it's got to be Extreme Engineering. The Great Wall. The Grand Canal. The Three Gorges Dam. The railroad at the top of the world. And now the Mt. Everest Highway, a 3.2 mile paved road...

  15. HumanWildlife Conflicts 1(2):224234, Fall 2007 Efficacy of CPTH-treated egg baits for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    power transmission lines (Knight and Kawashima 1993). Raven abundance has tripled in the past 40 years. 2004). Ravens often use electrical transmission towers, highway overpasses, and railroad trestles), lambing sites (Larsen and Dietrich 1970), rangelands (Knight 1984), and linear right-of-ways of electric

  16. Final work plan for targeted investigation at Hilton, Kansas.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

    2007-08-28

    This Work Plan outlines the scope of a targeted investigation to update the status of carbon tetrachloride contamination in groundwater associated with grain storage operations at Hilton, Kansas. The Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), operated a grain storage facility in Hilton during the 1950s and 1960s. At the time of the CCC/USDA operation in Hilton, grain storage facilities (CCC/USDA and private) were located along the both sides of the former Union Pacific railroad tracks (Figure 1.1). The main grain storage structures were on or near the railroad right-of-way. The proposed targeted investigation, to be conducted by Argonne National Laboratory on the behalf of CCC/USDA, will supplement Argonne's Phase I and Phase II investigations in 1996-1997. The earlier investigations erroneously focused on an area east of the railroad property where the CCC/USDA did not operate, specifically on a private grain storage facility. In addition, the investigation was limited in scope, because access to railroad property was denied (Argonne 1997a,b). The hydrogeologic system at Hilton is potentially complex.

  17. Microsoft Word - FINAL TEC Agenda.doc

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    - Keith Borman, ASLRRA 10:00 a.m. - 10:30 a.m. Break 10:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Plenary III-Shipping Experience of spent Fuel by Rail Moderator: Kevin Blackwell, Federal Railroad...

  18. TRANSPORTATION NETWORKS PROGRAM OF THE MID-AMERICA EARTHQUAKE CENTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the nation's highway and railroad systems, major waterways and shipping facilities on the Mississippi, could cripple the transport of goods across the central United States and impact shipping major hub airport in Memphis. Airport control towers, fueling equipment, and terminal support systems

  19. Transcontinental Rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danskin, Floyd Brown

    1913-01-01

    ≠ struction of the statute as laid down in re Louisville and Nashville Railroad Company, and that this decision was in strict conformity with that one. As the Commission had beEn i:nformed that the traffic managers of the various continenial roads were...

  20. Rail costs and capital adjustments in a quasi-regulated environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedlaender, Ann Fetter

    1990-01-01

    This paper reports on results obtained from estimation of a rail cost function using a pooled time-series cross section of Class I U.S. railroads for the period 1973-1986. Based on the results of this cost function, an ...

  1. Reducing the Risk of Rail Transport of Hazardous Materials by Route Rationalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    Reducing the Risk of Rail Transport of Hazardous Materials by Route Rationalization Athaphon;Kawprasert & Barkan 08-2801 2 ABSTRACT Hazardous materials traffic originates and terminates at numerous different locations throughout the North American railroad network. Rerouting of this traffic, especially

  2. L A N D U S E H I S T O R Y3 Above. Henry Miller's Bloomfield Ranch, near Gilroy, ca. 1890 (Unknown ca. 1890a). Below. Label from canned peaches, Filice & Perrelli Canning Co.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spanish colonization, American statehood, and more recently, rapid urban and suburban expansion. Each, such as orchards and alfalfa, while the railroad connection between Gilroy and San Josť in 1869 helped provide conflict with valley oak lands. Nineteenth-century orchards (planted on well-drained alluvial soils) caused

  3. south santa clara valley hIstorIcal ecoloGy stuDy including Soap lake, the upper pajaro river, and llagaS, uvaS-carnadero, and pacheco creekS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the cattle industry 23 Railroads and wheat 24 Orchards, dairies, and wells: agricultural intensification (1874-1930) 25 Artesian wells 25 Dairies 26 Orchards 28 Irrigation 29 Drainage 31 Millers Canal 32 The groundwater problem 32 Flood control and urban expansion: modern era (1930-present) 33 Water storage 33 Flood

  4. ESD Working Paper Series ESD-WP-2014-03 March 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    of Canada as well as to the US Gulf of Mexico Coast (USGC). Pipeline opponents are concerned not only about that a denial of pipeline permits by the Canadian and US governments would lead to more CBR, which they argue and levelling its downtown. Following a dramatic increase in crude oil shipments on US Class I railroads from

  5. Commercial Fertilizers in 1922-23.†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Asbury, S. E. (Samuel E.)

    1923-01-01

    Company ................................ 1 ......................... Icelly Weber & Company . Ltd 2 ........................ Longview Cotton Oil Company 18 ......................... Marshall Cotton Oil Company 18 ........................... Meridian... Planters' Fertilizer and Chemical Company ............. 24 ........................... Shreveport Fertilizer Works 1 .................................. Swift and Company 146 Tennessee Coal. Iron and Railroad Company ............ 1 Van Zandt Cotton Oil...

  6. Commercial Fertilizers in 1918-19.†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1919-01-01

    Fertilizer Co ............................. 1 Houston County Cotton Oil Mill and Mfg . Co ..... 2 Houston Pack~ng Co ............................ 1 Longview Cotton Oil Co ........................ 3 Marshall Fertilizer Factory ...................... 3... &rings Acid and Fertilizer Co ............ 7 .................................... Swift&Co 84 Tennessee Coal . Iron and Railroad Co ............ 1 ............. ...... Union Seed and Feitilizer Co : 10 ................... Virginia-Carolina Chemical Co...

  7. Commercial Fertilizers in 1923-24.†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asbury, S. E. (Samuel E.); Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1924-01-01

    Company .......................... Jefferson Oil Company .................. Kelly, Weber and Company, Ltd ................... Lonpiew Cotton Oil Company .................... Marshall Cotton Oil Company ...................... Meridian Fertilizer... Company ........ 1 33 ..................... Shreveport Fertilizer Works ............................. Swift and Company Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company ....... Van Zandt Cotton Oil Company ................... Virginia-Carolina Chemical...

  8. ENVIRONMENTAL CAPABILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ∑ Radome Transmissivity Testing ∑ Panel Shielding Effectiveness Testing ∑ Saturated Fuel Testing ∑ 60k 75ft X 25ft. (Integral Foam Fire Suppression System for Fueled Aircraft Testing) ∑ Aircraft Hot FuelEquipment∑FAA ∑Medical ∑Electrical ∑Automotive ∑Mechanical ∑RailRoad ∑Pneumatic ∑Nautical ∑Hydraulic ∑Metallic/Non-Metallic

  9. Commissioner Catherine J.K. Sandoval California Public Utilities Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoltz, Brian M.

    Commissioner Catherine J.K. Sandoval California Public Utilities Commission Caltech April 2, 2014 by Constitutional Amendment as the Railroad Commission. ∑ In 1912, the Legislature passed the Public Utilities Act Utilities Commission. ∑ CPUC regulates Investor-Owned Utilities that provide: ≠ Electricity ≠ Gas

  10. http://tti.tamu.edu Research. Service. Results.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freight and pipeline transpo Airport-3135 A PUBLICATION OF ON THE COVER: Keeping our communities safe is at the heart of many of the Texas Transportation-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural

  11. Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A celebration of Asians and Pacific Islanders in the United States. The month of May was chosen to commemorate the immigration of the first Japanese to the United States on May 7, 1843, and to mark the anniversary of the completion of the transcontinental railroad on May 10, 1869. The majority of the workers who laid the tracks were Chinese immigrants.

  12. Old Sacramento: Place as Presence, Palimpsest, and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scofield Wilson, David

    1988-01-01

    Old Sacramento: Place as Presence, Palimpsest, andO n the surface, O l d Sacramento is a familiar sort of A mRailroad M u s e u m and Sacramento H i s t o r y Center c o

  13. Cleanup Verification Package for the 118-F-6 Burial Ground

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    H. M. Sulloway

    2008-10-02

    This cleanup verification package documents completion of remedial action for the 118-F-6 Burial Ground located in the 100-FR-2 Operable Unit of the 100-F Area on the Hanford Site. The trenches received waste from the 100-F Experimental Animal Farm, including animal manure, animal carcasses, laboratory waste, plastic, cardboard, metal, and concrete debris as well as a railroad tank car.

  14. Sagamore Bridge Richard Mitchell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Sagamore Bridge Richard Mitchell Justin Murphy (DJ) Dennis Morin Jr. #12;Critical Link in a Fragile for Infrastructure Two cantilever bridges and a railroad bridge were constructed Drawbacks: Provided narrow passageways for ships Traffic delays when the bridge was raised #12;Canal Transfer of Ownership Belmont

  15. Decision Models for Bulk Energy Transportation Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    ... ... Primary Energy Supplies Gas Coal Railroad, Barge ... ... Storage & Transportation Systems Energy Transportation Networks #12;Structural Model: Energy Flows GAS COAL ELECTRIC Case A: 2002, and the amount of electricity generated #12;Structural Model: Effects of Katrina Average natural gas nodal price

  16. Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Scientific Computing Where We Have Been And

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valtorta, Marco

    , 1950 ≠ Atomic Energy Commission asked E.I. Du Pont de Nemours & Company to undertake a new atomic Railroads Blueprints Process Steel 4 SRNL-STI-2014-00563 #12;Site History ∑ The Atomic Energy Commission River Site ∑ Sept. 23, 1949 ≠ President Truman announced Russia tested its first atomic weapon ∑ June 12

  17. Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    tool for modeling transportation routing. TRAGIS offers numerous options for route calculation the ability to: · Select an origin and destination from a list of city names; · Automatically calculate, railroad companies, or states; · Calculate highway routes that meet U.S. Department of Transportation

  18. Computers, Ethics, and Society STSC 465 Summer 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ensmenger, Nathan

    Deathstreak," New Yorker (2010) NERDS!!! Week 2 May 31: Hacker Ethics, Cyber-Criminals Issues/topics: the origins of computing subculture; the Hacker Ethic; hackers as heroes/villians; lusers; victimless crimes; spam, fraud, and censorship. #12;Levy, Steve. "The Model Railroad Club," and "The Hacker Ethic

  19. SOUTHWEST GROUNDWATER CONSULTING, LLC 7425 Amanda Ellis Way

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Houston, TX 77004 RE: Report on Findings Related to the Restoration of In-Situ Uranium Mines in South Mining The regulation of in-situ uranium mining in Texas falls under the Texas Railroad Commission (TRC is one of the final steps in the process of in-situ uranium mining. TCEQ sets restoration standards (in

  20. Optimization of Siding Location for Single-track Lines with Non-Uniform Track Speed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    Single-track with proper allocation of passing sidings (loops) is a substantial option to save investment in commodity flows and energy markets. With new demand from the shale oil and gas industry, railroads have capital investment required for siding projects, the relationship between train delay reduction, traffic

  1. UndergraduateEducation2010 MICHIGAN TECH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Designing a human-powered grain mill for Africa Summer in Finland Engineering the railroads Project Agua Sustainable juice Charging electric vehicles with wind and solar power Advanced Metalworks Merging two student to Recreation Initiative. An upcoming project involves the creation of a sonic system to enable the visually

  2. -A Scienq Service Feature \\VHY THE WEATHER ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    No. 408 Sept, 1 -A Scienq Service Feature \\VHY THE WEATHER ? By Dr, Charles E'. Brooks of Clark University. HOT RAILRDAD TRAINS Especially i n warm weather the railroad train i s likely to lose passengers Weather) I All rights reserved by Science Service Science Service, B and 21st Sts,, Washington, D .C #12;

  3. Tools for Easier Gardening By Margaret Hagen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Road Elk Grove Village IL 60007 1-800-334-3675 Access to Recreation, Inc. 8 Sandra Court Newbury Park Idea PO Box 955 Vail CO 81658 1-800-538-6690 Ames True Temper 465 Railroad Avenue Camp Hill PA 17001

  4. i The Nation Builders A Sesquicentennial History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    as a nation. In 1838 Congress established the Corps of Topographical Engineers, an organization whose main-railroads, highways, and inland waterways. They provided maps for overland travelers and charts for navi- gators on our Great Lakes. By the time that the organization was abolished during the Civil War, it had played

  5. OMB Control No. DOE F 5484.3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JURISDICTION. Printed with soy ink on recycled paper U.S. Department of Energy INDIVIDUAL ACCIDENT Other Explosion: Vapor Chemical Fluids High Explosives Dust Mechanical: Linear energy Rotational Energy fixed wing, n.e.c. Other Vehicles: Railroad Marine Equipment/Hardware/Vehicle Involved (as applicable

  6. Appendix A-1 A Gallery of Truss Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    River Bridge, County Rd. 269, Sheridan County, WY #12;APPENDIX A Appendix A-9 25. Roaring Run Bridge over the Kickapoo River, Vernon County, WI 2. Rock Island Bridge, Rock Island Arsenal, IL 3. Albion Bridge over Blackstone River, Cumberland, RI 4. Railroad Bridge over Lin Branch Creek, Clinton County, MO

  7. Transportation Network Equilibrium --The Formalism for Networks Today from the Internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    #12;US Railroad Freight Flows #12;Natural Gas Pipeline Network in the US #12;World Oil Trading Network Econometrics Input/Output Analysis Engineering - OR/MS Computer Science Routing Algorithms Price of Anarchy; ∑ alternative and at times conflicting criteria used in decision-making; ∑ constraints on resources: natural

  8. Evaluating sealed storage of high moisture sorghum grain for a beef finishing program†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cross, Julian Frederick

    1959-01-01

    Bedaced coNan and rice, . cro. ge has resulted in a search for crops of hip& ecoiiomic return. har;w corsages h. =ve bean pi". uted to grain sor, -hum and, h ve proluced nigh yields. T%s, problem of, attkising this sorghum grain has sparked 4 grominp...~:fora ~ainee rn aver -j. ?s. of 2. l6 pounIls ~sr Dog, rhile thnie fel, ~nle ~in ~ in& 2. . 'I6 . ". our8O-~er 8:g. . i hi~her i -i . , Qsgres'o'f finish pgihishnr aellin, , price ve"s ohtcinel an 'ths steers fe4 tho' prounIi gs, g, ', Ponos statee. that enr...

  9. Comparison between block and computer controlled techniques of scheduling for a job shop†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, William Ray

    1965-01-01

    ~ 4 ~ WRITE&6 ~ 220)NI ltfR I'TE(6 ~ 221 ) (STA ( IH eNI ) e )He|I 1 LOA) GQ TO 500 A LOCATION WAS FOVND IN THE BEFORE NEW VALUES ARE MOVED ACTIVE QR INACTIVE' DO 88 ICB=leLOA IF&STA(ICBeNI))88 ' 88t89 CONTINUE IF DROPS TQ HERE ~ ~ ~ THE MACH I... IDLE TIME IF ( INTL3 (Ni ) )41 I 441 I t412 SOM&NI)=ST INTI 3&NI)40 GQ TO 420 TIDI E(NI )4TIDI E(NI )+ST SQIT(N1 & CLK(Nl ) 4ST+STI ( 1st N1 ) EOT(NI)4CLK(NI) INDKX &N1 ) = IH MOVE VAI VES INTO ACTIVE ARRA CONTINUE JNA ( I HeNI )4'JNI & I 8 ~ Nl...

  10. Hybrid Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. A. Meyer; E. S. Swanson

    2015-03-04

    A review of the theoretical and experimental status of hybrid hadrons is presented. The states $\\pi_1(1400)$, $\\pi_1(1600)$, and $\\pi_1(2015)$ are thoroughly reviewed, along with experimental results from GAMS, VES, Obelix, COMPASS, KEK, CLEO, Crystal Barrel, CLAS, and BNL. Theoretical lattice results on the gluelump spectrum, adiabatic potentials, heavy and light hybrids, and transition matrix elements are discussed. These are compared with bag, string, flux tube, and constituent gluon models. Strong and electromagnetic decay models are described and compared to lattice gauge theory results. We conclude that while good evidence for the existence of a light isovector exotic meson exists, its confirmation as a hybrid meson awaits discovery of its iso-partners. We also conclude that lattice gauge theory rules out a number of hybrid models and provides a reference to judge the success of others.

  11. A safety equipment list for rotary mode core sampling systems operation in single shell flammable gas tanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SMALLEY, J.L.

    1999-05-18

    This document identifies all interim safety equipment to be used for rotary mode core sampling of single-shell flammable gas tanks utilizing Rotary Mode Core Sampling systems (RMCS). This document provides the safety equipment for RMCS trucks HO-68K-4600, HO-68K-4647, trucks three and four respectively, and associated equipment. It is not intended to replace or supersede WHC-SD-WM-SEL-023, (Kelly 1991), or WHC-SD-WM-SEL-032, (Corbett 1994), which classifies 80-68K-4344 and HO-68K-4345 respectively. The term ''safety equipment'' refers to safety class (SC) and safety significant (SS) equipment, where equipment refers to structures, systems and components (SSC's). The identification of safety equipment in this document is based on the credited design safety features and analysis contained in the Authorization Basis (AB) for rotary mode core sampling operations in single-shell flammable gas tanks. This is an interim safety classification since the AB is interim. This document will be updated to reflect the final RMCS equipment safety classification designations upon completion of a final AB which will be implemented with the release of the Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR).

  12. Transporation Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford Mirman; Promod Vohra

    2012-06-30

    This Transportation Energy Project is comprised of four unique tasks which work within the railroad industry to provide solutions in various areas of energy conservation. These tasks addressed: energy reducing yard related decision issues; alternate fuels; energy education, and energy storage for railroad applications. The NIU Engineering and Technology research team examined these areas and provided current solutions which can be used to both provide important reduction in energy usage and system efficiency in the given industry. This project also sought a mode in which rural and long-distance education could be provided. The information developed in each of the project tasks can be applied to all of the rail companies to assist in developing efficiencies.

  13. Electronic Compliance and Approval Project (ECAP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morgan, Hope; Varela, Richard A.; LaHood, Deborah; Cisco, Susan; Benavides, Mary Ann; Burks, Donna

    2002-03-20

    The Texas Railroad Commission (RRC), working in partnership with the United States Department of Energy and the oil and gas industry it regulates, implemented a strategy for improving efficiency in regulations and significantly reducing administrative operating costs through the Electronic Compliance and Approval Process (ECAP). This project streamlined regulatory compliance and reporting by providing the ability to electronically submit, process, and query oil and gas applications and reports through the Internet-based ECAP system.

  14. Men near a Train†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    volume commitments from the shipper in exchange for lower rates. Railroads are able to reduce operating costs through multi ple-car, point-to-point grain movements. Multicar shipments generally expedite equipment han dling, shorten equipment... of making multiple car load shipments for which significant rate reduc tions are offered. Most contract arrangements allow the grain shipper only 24 hours for purposes of loading the multicar unit. Most country eleva tors do not have the necessary rail...

  15. Mexican-Origin Interregional Migration from the Southwest: Human, Household, and Community Capital Hypotheses†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siordia, Carlos

    2010-01-16

    their neighborhood and make residential location decisions (Ellis, Wright, & Parks 2006). The key difference between human and household social capital is that in general terms human capital theory focuses on the individual?s characteristics while household social... geographic areas to another. For example, the core?s grip can be seen as loosening its grip on the Mexican-origin population at the beginning of the 20 th century when agricultural, manufacturing, and railroad industries produced several pull forces...

  16. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON TRIANGULAR APERTURE GEOGRID-REINFORCED BASES OVER WEAK SUBGRADE UNDER CYCLIC LOADING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Yu

    2009-12-09

    in civil engineering including roads, airfields, railroads, embankments, earth retaining structures, reservoirs, canals, dams, and bank and coastal protection. Geosynthetics can be divided into nine main types: (1) geotextile, (2) geogrid, (3) geonet... the geosynthetic provides full or partial separation, lateral restraint of the overlying granular material, and a tensioned membrane effect when deformed extensively. Geotextiles and geogrids are two main types of geosynthetics used in unpaved roads. However...

  17. Abilene Metropolitan Area Metropolitan Transportation Plan 2010-2035†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abilene Metropolitan Planning Organization

    2010-01-12

    Lindley, former Abilene City Engineer MPO Staff (Non-Voting) Robert Allen, Abilene MPO Transportation Planning Director Dyess AFB SH 351 SH 351 FM 10 82 Jones County JonesCounty Jones County Jones County Jones County Te xt Jones County Jones... Area Urbanized Area Boundary county lines City Limits Freeways and Expressways Major Streets and Highways Railroad 0241Miles Tye Potosi Caps Dyess AFB Abilene Regional Airport Abilene ??? 20 ??? 20 ??? 20 Hamby State Prisons Lake Fort Phantom Hill...

  18. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 7

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Jennifer Topinka; Anthony H Furman; Paul K Houpt

    2004-11-03

    Experimental and analytical work has continued on advanced fuel injection. Experimental trends continue to agree with modeling predictions. Based on rub tests, polymeric abradable coating compositions were downselected and evaluated in the turbocharger, to give encouraging performance gains. The detailed hybrid battery duty cycle was studied and battery life testing procedure required adjustments. Optimizer algorithm robustness has been improved, and a real-time optimizer simulation system was constructed and demonstrated at a railroad suppliers trade meeting.

  19. Are shorted pipeline casings a problem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibson, W.F. )

    1994-11-01

    The pipeline industry has many road and railroad crossings with casings which have been in service for more than 50 years without exhibiting any major problems, regardless of whether the casing is shorted to or isolated from the carrier pipe. The use of smart pigging and continual visual inspection when retrieving a cased pipeline segment have shown that whether shorted or isolated, casings have no significant bearing on the presence or absence of corrosion on the carrier pipe.

  20. Texas Renewable Energy Industries Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | OpensourceInformation Railroad Commission -

  1. Texas Solar Energy Society | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | OpensourceInformation Railroad Commission -Society Jump

  2. Texas Surface Water Quality Standards Webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | OpensourceInformation Railroad Commission -Society

  3. Texas TNRC 141.003, Definitions for Geothermal Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | OpensourceInformation Railroad Commission

  4. Texas TUC 37.051, Certificate of Convenience and Necessity Requirements |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | OpensourceInformation Railroad CommissionOpen Energy

  5. Texas Water Code 27A General Provisions for Injection Wells | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | OpensourceInformation Railroad CommissionOpen

  6. Texas's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | OpensourceInformation Railroad

  7. Texas's 15th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | OpensourceInformation RailroadInformation 5th

  8. Texas's 17th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | OpensourceInformation RailroadInformation

  9. Experimental development of the predictive relations for the eddy exchange coefficients for momentum and heat in the atmospheric boundary layer†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Paul Alfred

    1972-01-01

    . 3 &ii. t' i' 1i~:. . ;at of: t'ai. , : -. . '. ; r. ;. ;. r, ': i r:;. - ~ leer-. . - . :. . . , , . ;: o i r ". pc i' FC:"1;', );, 1')7p EXPERIYENT'L Dj. 'VELOPkjENT OF THE PRFDICTZFF. RETATIONS 1'OR T13E Fl)DY E1CH'NGF CO1'FFZCZENTS I'OR 3j... m~. 'rir g scheme 44 V. TROCRSSINO i!RAN Dz&T4 VI. ANAIULSIS I'ROCRDURL 49 51 VII. RDDT ILXCDWCR CO. II'ICIRNl ICR NONRNTI!N (i) Sel ec L" on og for'ms occ Z m (Li ) Besu l ls (i'i) Discusscon 60 v2 p, p rf I I, "7)i r', ?'. 'XCIIAir...

  10. Regmi Research Series ,Year 7, December 1, 1975

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regmi, Mahesh C

    1975-01-01

    . Activit ies of the Guthi Corporation .le .. Prel i ri,inacy tJotes on thE: Nature ol: R~na Law and ( 'overrun en t 19 . The HarHHnan- Dmka .Palace 20 . Selected Documents of Kartik- Marga, 1 8 87 21. The Fak i rana Levy . 22 . 'l'he DhilrmSel e c- t cd...

  11. The Wanlass Polyphase Rotating Magnetic Device in Electric Motor and Induction Generator Applications†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asp, D. E.

    1984-01-01

    . The machIne "n question is a Westinghouse 300 horse~ower 460 volt four Dole device. The motor wa" ested utilizing the IEEE 112 method B ot"'ocedure. The motor was then remanufactured to the Wanlass desicn an~ t~e~ re este u51l'"g .he same cest...'J.t'e ..} This .o1t' hart snc,ws the oet~foY'rl'a ICE! characterist ics Ql'"rIV at the f'J 1 :. l,:,aa II:j i "'1'(, l~i th t he sel f-':Jpt imiziy,g feature of thl= war,l""ss r,l I J't c?t' Imp","'ctved pet' f':Jr'n'dnce she? .\\ 1G be evioE!l'"It tnr...

  12. Light Collection in the Prototypes of the ANAIS Dark Matter Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amarť, Julio; Cuesta, Clara; GarcŪa, Eduardo; MartŪnez, MarŪa; OlivŠn, Miguel A; Ortigoza, Ysrael; de Solůrzano, Alfonso OrtŪz; Pobes, Carlos; Puimedůn, Jorge; Sarsa, MarŪa Luisa; Villar, Josť Ńngel; Villar, Patricia

    2015-01-01

    The ANAIS experiment aims at the confirmation of the DAMA/LIBRA signal using the same target and technique at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory (LSC) in Spain. ANAIS detectors consist of large NaI crystals coupled to two photomultipliers (PMTs). In this work we present Single Electron Response (SER) data for several units of the Hamamatsu R12669SEL2 PMT model extracted from normal operation data of ANAIS underground prototypes and we compare them with PMT SER characterization previously done at surface lab before coupling them to NaI crystal. Moreover, total light collection for different ANAIS prototypes has been calculated, producing an excellent average result of 15 phe/keV, which has a good impact in both energy resolution and threshold.

  13. Design of a mechanized paddy harvester for inundated areas of East Pakistan†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowdhury, Md. Abdul Karim

    1971-01-01

    'TS OF 'I'lit. 1 cOAT li' RVvSTI'R. 22 I'oss ihl e Dc. a i e-ns. Dc'si El'! Sel ? . tl on, Desi"n Considerations 27 25 27 V DESIGii A?ID At?IALYSIS 01' THE BOAT RIIAPEB. 37 General De; riot it n?!I ilo, !t R?'aper. I oad Carr? ing Cat:. c: i ty ot.... The sickle bar is reciprocated , it 300 to 600 cpm through a pitman mechanism. Tlie pitsian is connected to the main shaft through roller chain, sprue'kets and bevel pear arrangers nts. The scvereil stalks arc iioved to the middle of the pontoons by a 9...

  14. High temperature performance of high-efficiency, multi-layer solar selective coatings for tower applications

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gray, M. H.; Tirawat, R.; Kessinger, K. A.; Ndione, P. F.

    2015-05-01

    The roadmap to next-generation concentrating solar power plants anticipates a progression to central towers with operating temperatures in excess of 650įC. These higher temperatures are required to drive higher power-cycle efficiencies, resulting in lower cost energy. However, these conditions also place a greater burden on the materials making up the receiver. Any novel absorber material developed for next-generation receivers must be stable in air, cost effective, and survive thousands of heating and cooling cycles. The collection efficiency of a power tower plant can be increased if the energy absorbed by the receiver is maximized while the heat loss from themore†Ľreceiver to the environment is minimized. Thermal radiation losses can be significant (>7% annual energy loss) with receivers at temperatures above 650įC. We present progress toward highly efficient and durable solar selective absorbers (SSAs) intended for operating temperatures from 650įC to 1000įC. Selective efficiency (?sel) is defined as the energy retained by the absorber, accounting for both absorptance and emittance, relative to the energy incident on the surface. The low emittance layers of multilayer SSAs are binary compounds of refractory metals whose material properties indicate that coatings formed of these materials should be oxidation resistant in air to 800-1200įC. On this basis, we initially developed a solar selective coating for parabolic troughs. This development has been successfully extended to meet the absorptance and emittance objectives for the more demanding, high temperature regime. We show advancement in coating materials, processing and designs resulting in the initial attainment of target efficiencies ?sel > 0.91 for proposed tower conditions. Additionally, spectral measurements show that these coatings continue to perform at targeted levels after cycling to temperatures of 1000įC in environments of nitrogen and forming gas.ę†less

  15. High temperature performance of high-efficiency, multi-layer solar selective coatings for tower applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, M. H.; Tirawat, R.; Kessinger, K. A.; Ndione, P. F.

    2015-05-01

    The roadmap to next-generation concentrating solar power plants anticipates a progression to central towers with operating temperatures in excess of 650įC. These higher temperatures are required to drive higher power-cycle efficiencies, resulting in lower cost energy. However, these conditions also place a greater burden on the materials making up the receiver. Any novel absorber material developed for next-generation receivers must be stable in air, cost effective, and survive thousands of heating and cooling cycles. The collection efficiency of a power tower plant can be increased if the energy absorbed by the receiver is maximized while the heat loss from the receiver to the environment is minimized. Thermal radiation losses can be significant (>7% annual energy loss) with receivers at temperatures above 650įC. We present progress toward highly efficient and durable solar selective absorbers (SSAs) intended for operating temperatures from 650įC to 1000įC. Selective efficiency (?sel) is defined as the energy retained by the absorber, accounting for both absorptance and emittance, relative to the energy incident on the surface. The low emittance layers of multilayer SSAs are binary compounds of refractory metals whose material properties indicate that coatings formed of these materials should be oxidation resistant in air to 800-1200įC. On this basis, we initially developed a solar selective coating for parabolic troughs. This development has been successfully extended to meet the absorptance and emittance objectives for the more demanding, high temperature regime. We show advancement in coating materials, processing and designs resulting in the initial attainment of target efficiencies ?sel > 0.91 for proposed tower conditions. Additionally, spectral measurements show that these coatings continue to perform at targeted levels after cycling to temperatures of 1000įC in environments of nitrogen and forming gas.

  16. The potential use of biogeochemistry in the detection of petroleum microseepage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klusman, R.W.; Saeed, M.A. (Colorado School of Mines, Golden (United States)); Abu-Ali, M.A. (Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1992-06-01

    Biogeochemistry was applied to the indirect detection of petroleum microseepage in the vicinity of Eagle Springs oil field, Railroad Valley, Nevada, and Cave Canyon field, Paradox basin, Utah. Trace elements were measured in native vegetation over and surrounding areas of production at the test sites. The oxidation of microseepage in the upper part of the soil column is postulated to cause an increase in plant uptake of transition trace elements such as iron, manganese, and vanadium, and a decrease in plant uptake of alkaline earth elements such as calcium, strontium, and barium. Compared to nonproductive areas, an increase in uptake of transition trace elements and a decrease in alkaline earth elements was observed in Fourwing salt-bush over Eagle Springs field. The postulated increase in uptake of transition trace elements and decrease in alkaline earth elements was not as apparent in Big sage-brush nor in Utah juniper over the Cave Canyon field. The observation of the postulated effects on vegetation at Eagle Springs may be due to the relatively large rates of microseepage independently observed using other methods, and the extensive faulting in Railroad Valley. The weaker response observed at Cave Canyon may reflect the lack of faulting and the retention of light hydrocarbons in the reservoir. Another possible reason for weal response is that the available plant species at Cave Canyon do not exhibit the effect at the lower soil pH measured in the area. At low pH and low Eh, the solubility of transition elements in soil pore waters and plant uptake is increased. Due to the high soil pH of the Railroad Valley area, the uptake of alkaline earth elements should be decreased where microseepage is occurring because of crystallization of carbonate minerals.

  17. Structural Impairment Detection Using Arrays of Competitive Artificial Neural Networks†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Story, Brett

    2012-07-16

    for their financial support of this work and for the opportunity to develop my research with such a unique testbed. Specifically, Mr. Steven Rogers and the BNSF crew at the Salmon Bay Bridge worked efficiently and safely and were instrumental in the success... bridge that spans a high traffic volume waterway called Lake Washington Ship Canal, or Salmon Bay. Figure 1.5 is a photograph of the Salmon Bay Bridge partially open. The bridge lies on a main railroad line for the Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF...

  18. Safety issues relating to the liquefied petroleum gas, compressed natural gas and liquefied natural gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petru, T.D.

    1995-12-31

    The Railroad Commission of Texas, LP-Gas Division, is statutorily responsible for the safety aspects of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) most commonly known as LP-gas or propane, compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG). This presentation will address the safety issues relating to their use as alternative fuels. The paper discusses the safety of pressure vessels used for storage of the fuels at refueling facilities and the containers mounted in vehicles. Other topics include the lack of odorants in LNG, the use of protective clothing when handling cryogenic fluids, and where to obtain a copy of the safety regulations for handling these three fuels.

  19. Coal Transportation Issues (released in AEO2007)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2007-01-01

    Most of the coal delivered to U.S. consumers is transported by railroads, which accounted for 64% of total domestic coal shipments in 2004. Trucks transported approximately 12% of the coal consumed in the United States in 2004, mainly in short hauls from mines in the East to nearby coal-fired electricity and industrial plants. A number of minemouth power plants in the West also use trucks to haul coal from adjacent mining operations. Other significant modes of coal transportation in 2004 included conveyor belt and slurry pipeline (12%) and water transport on inland waterways, the Great Lakes, and tidewater areas (9%).

  20. Artificial weathering of siderite (FeCO3) taken from lignite overburden†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frisbee, Nellie Mae

    1992-01-01

    is calculated after determining the inorganic carbon content (CO2) and the cation exchange capacity (CEC). A/Bb = [CaCO3 + 0. 2 CEC] ? [PA + EA] [8] The CEC for the sample is determined by two methods, as outlined by the Texas Railroad Commission, depending... on the pH of the sample. For samples with a pH less than 5. 0, the CEC is a sum of the exchangeable bases and the KCl exchangeable acidity (Thomas, 1982). The exchangeable bases are determined by a pH 7. 0 ammonium acetate extraction. For samples with a...

  1. Kansas Labor Unions: Past, Present and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shulenburger, David E.; Johnson, Nancy Brown

    1983-06-01

    Labor Unions: Past, Present and Future,Ē Kansas Business Review, with N.B. Johnson, Volume 6 (May-June, 1983), pp. 13-17. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml and N. B. Johnson Kansas Labor Unions: Past, Present, and Future... that the strikers were " . . . sober, in≠ telligent, orderly men" and encouraged the railroad to "arrange terms for an amicable settlement."6 Governor Martin's stalwart stand not to intervene with troops represented one of the earliest occasions in which a state...

  2. Experimental Study on Geocell-Reinforced Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP) Bases under Static and Cyclic Loading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thakur, Jitendra Kumar

    2011-01-13

    .1.2 Standard Proctor compaction curve of subgrade 94 Figure 5.1.3 CBR versus moisture content curve of subgrade 95 Figure 5.2.1 Schematic diagram for the set up of cyclic plate load test 96 Figure 5.2.2 Cyclic loading wave 97 Figure 5.2.3 Geotextile... and coastal protection, airfields, railroads, subgrade improvement, and reinforcement to base courses of road sections etc. since the 1970s. Today, there are many types of geosynthetic products (e.g., geogrid, geotextile, geocell, geomembrane, geonet...

  3. Natural Gas Regulatory Policy: Current Issues†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, G.

    1988-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-IE-88-09-56.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 1211 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name ESL-IE-88-09-56.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 NATURAL GAS... REGULATORY roLICY: CURRENT ISSUES G. GAIL WATKINS Railroad Commission of Texas Austin, Texas ABSTRACT Many changes have occurred in recent months in both federal and state natural gas regulation. Those changes have increased the options of industrial...

  4. Upper Cretaceous coccoliths from Texas and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bukry, D.

    1969-03-14

    Micropalťontologie, at place where the railroad Saintes-Saujon crosses D-128, 3 km. south of Saintes, France. Collector: W. W. Hay. SF-11-Type middle Santonian (marl), beneath water tower at intersection of Rue des Anemones and N-137, Saintes, France. Collector: W. W... at moderate vibration level. Afterward, the beaker was allowed to sit undisturbed for 1 to 2 minutes. During this period the coarse noncoccolith fraction settled to the bottom. The decantant, containing the coccolith fraction, was then carefully poured into a...

  5. What explains the increased utilization of Powder River Basin coal in electric power generation?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerking, S.; Hamilton, S.F. [University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States)

    2008-11-15

    This article examines possible explanations for increased utilization of Powder River Basin (PRB) coal in electric power generation that occurred over the last two decades. Did more stringent environmental policy motivate electric power plants to switch to less polluting fuels? Or, did greater use of PRB coal occur because relative price changes altered input markets in favor of this fuel. A key finding is that factors other than environmental policy such as the decline in railroad freight rates together with elastic demand by power plants were major contributors to the increased utilization of this fuel.

  6. The Nature of Power Synthesizing the History of Technology and Environmental History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Edmund P.; Allison, James; Finger, Thomas; Brown, John K.; Balogh, Brain; Carlson, W. Bernard

    2011-04-01

    in these transformations and applications. 4. Power is energy put to work, and all organisms use energy to stay alive, so all organisms exercise some power. 5. Energy can be concentrated, which has enabled some people to deploy more power than others. These ideas can lead... they converted solar energy into chemical energy. Farmers used chemical energy in wheat to power their bodies while harvesting the wheat. The mill used energy to turn machinery that ground the wheat into flour. Railroads used stored solar energy in coal or wood...

  7. Texas TWC 11, Water Rights | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | OpensourceInformation Railroad CommissionOpen EnergyTWC

  8. Alternative energy sources for non-highway transportation: technical section

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    Eighteen different alternative fuels were considered in the preliminary screening, from three basic resource bases. Coal can be used to provide 13 of the fuels; oil shale was the source for three of the fuels; and biomass provided the resource base for two fuels not provided from coal. In the case of biomass, six different fuels were considered. Nuclear power and direct solar radiation were also considered. The eight prime movers that were considered in the preliminary screening are boiler/steam turbine; open and closed cycle gas turbines; low and medium speed diesels; spark ignited and stratified charge Otto cycles; electric motor; Stirling engine; free piston; and fuel cell/electric motor. Modes of transport considered are pipeline, marine, railroad, and aircraft. Section 2 gives the overall summary and conclusions, the future outlook for each mode of transportation, and the R and D suggestions by mode of transportation. Section 3 covers the preliminary screening phase and includes a summary of the data base used. Section 4 presents the methodology used to select the fuels and prime movers for the detailed study. Sections 5 through 8 cover the detailed evaluation of the pipeline, marine, railroad, and aircraft modes of transportation. Section 9 covers the demand related issues.

  9. Review of Enabling Technologies to Facilitate Secure Compute Customization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aderholdt, Ferrol; Caldwell, Blake A; Hicks, Susan Elaine; Koch, Scott M; Naughton, III, Thomas J; Pelfrey, Daniel S; Pogge, James R; Scott, Stephen L; Shipman, Galen M; Sorrillo, Lawrence

    2014-12-01

    High performance computing environments are often used for a wide variety of workloads ranging from simulation, data transformation and analysis, and complex workflows to name just a few. These systems may process data for a variety of users, often requiring strong separation between job allocations. There are many challenges to establishing these secure enclaves within the shared infrastructure of high-performance computing (HPC) environments. The isolation mechanisms in the system software are the basic building blocks for enabling secure compute enclaves. There are a variety of approaches and the focus of this report is to review the different virtualization technologies that facilitate the creation of secure compute enclaves. The report reviews current operating system (OS) protection mechanisms and modern virtualization technologies to better understand the performance/isolation properties. We also examine the feasibility of running ``virtualized'' computing resources as non-privileged users, and providing controlled administrative permissions for standard users running within a virtualized context. Our examination includes technologies such as Linux containers (LXC [32], Docker [15]) and full virtualization (KVM [26], Xen [5]). We categorize these different approaches to virtualization into two broad groups: OS-level virtualization and system-level virtualization. The OS-level virtualization uses containers to allow a single OS kernel to be partitioned to create Virtual Environments (VE), e.g., LXC. The resources within the host's kernel are only virtualized in the sense of separate namespaces. In contrast, system-level virtualization uses hypervisors to manage multiple OS kernels and virtualize the physical resources (hardware) to create Virtual Machines (VM), e.g., Xen, KVM. This terminology of VE and VM, detailed in Section 2, is used throughout the report to distinguish between the two different approaches to providing virtualized execution environments. As part of our technology review we analyzed several current virtualization solutions to assess their vulnerabilities. This included a review of common vulnerabilities and exposures (CVEs) for Xen, KVM, LXC and Docker to gauge their susceptibility to different attacks. The complete details are provided in Section 5 on page 33. Based on this review we concluded that system-level virtualization solutions have many more vulnerabilities than OS level virtualization solutions. As such, security mechanisms like sVirt (Section 3.3) should be considered when using system-level virtualization solutions in order to protect the host against exploits. The majority of vulnerabilities related to KVM, LXC, and Docker are in specific regions of the system. Therefore, future "zero day attacks" are likely to be in the same regions, which suggests that protecting these areas can simplify the protection of the host and maintain the isolation between users. The evaluations of virtualization technologies done thus far are discussed in Section 4. This includes experiments with 'user' namespaces in VEs, which provides the ability to isolate user privileges and allow a user to run with different UIDs within the container while mapping them to non-privileged UIDs in the host. We have identified Linux namespaces as a promising mechanism to isolate shared resources, while maintaining good performance. In Section 4.1 we describe our tests with LXC as a non-root user and leveraging namespaces to control UID/GID mappings and support controlled sharing of parallel file-systems. We highlight several of these namespace capabilities in Section 6.2.3. The other evaluations that were performed during this initial phase of work provide baseline performance data for comparing VEs and VMs to purely native execution. In Section 4.2 we performed tests using the High-Performance Computing Conjugate Gradient (HPCCG) benchmark to establish baseline performance for a scientific application when run on the Native (host) machine in contrast with execution under Docker and KVM. Our tests verified prior studie

  10. A COMPUTATIONAL WORKBENCH ENVIRONMENT FOR VIRTUAL POWER PLANT SIMULATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike Bockelie; Dave Swensen; Martin Denison; Adel Sarofim; Connie Senior

    2004-12-22

    In this report is described the work effort to develop and demonstrate a software framework to support advanced process simulations to evaluate the performance of advanced power systems. Integrated into the framework are a broad range of models, analysis tools, and visualization methods that can be used for the plant evaluation. The framework provides a tightly integrated problem-solving environment, with plug-and-play functionality, and includes a hierarchy of models, ranging from fast running process models to detailed reacting CFD models. The framework places no inherent limitations on the type of physics that can be modeled, numerical techniques, or programming languages used to implement the equipment models, or the type or amount of data that can be exchanged between models. Tools are provided to analyze simulation results at multiple levels of detail, ranging from simple tabular outputs to advanced solution visualization methods. All models and tools communicate in a seamless manner. The framework can be coupled to other software frameworks that provide different modeling capabilities. Three software frameworks were developed during the course of the project. The first framework focused on simulating the performance of the DOE Low Emissions Boiler System Proof of Concept facility, an advanced pulverized-coal combustion-based power plant. The second framework targeted simulating the performance of an Integrated coal Gasification Combined Cycle - Fuel Cell Turbine (IGCC-FCT) plant configuration. The coal gasifier models included both CFD and process models for the commercially dominant systems. Interfacing models to the framework was performed using VES-Open, and tests were performed to demonstrate interfacing CAPE-Open compliant models to the framework. The IGCC-FCT framework was subsequently extended to support Virtual Engineering concepts in which plant configurations can be constructed and interrogated in a three-dimensional, user-centered, interactive, immersive environment. The Virtual Engineering Framework (VEF), in effect a prototype framework, was developed through close collaboration with NETL supported research teams from Iowa State University Virtual Reality Applications Center (ISU-VRAC) and Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). The VEF is open source, compatible across systems ranging from inexpensive desktop PCs to large-scale, immersive facilities and provides support for heterogeneous distributed computing of plant simulations. The ability to compute plant economics through an interface that coupled the CMU IECM tool to the VEF was demonstrated, and the ability to couple the VEF to Aspen Plus, a commercial flowsheet modeling tool, was demonstrated. Models were interfaced to the framework using VES-Open. Tests were performed for interfacing CAPE-Open-compliant models to the framework. Where available, the developed models and plant simulations have been benchmarked against data from the open literature. The VEF has been installed at NETL. The VEF provides simulation capabilities not available in commercial simulation tools. It provides DOE engineers, scientists, and decision makers with a flexible and extensible simulation system that can be used to reduce the time, technical risk, and cost to develop the next generation of advanced, coal-fired power systems that will have low emissions and high efficiency. Furthermore, the VEF provides a common simulation system that NETL can use to help manage Advanced Power Systems Research projects, including both combustion- and gasification-based technologies.

  11. BEAM DYNAMICS IN NS-FFAG EMMAWITH DYNAMICAL MAPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giboudot, Y; Edgecock, R; Wolski, A

    2010-01-01

    The Non Scal≠ing Fixed Field Al≠ter≠nat≠ing Gra≠di≠ent EMMA has a com≠pact lin≠ear lat≠tice. Ef≠fect of Fringe Field on the beam has to be stud≠ied care≠ful≠ly. A nu≠mer≠i≠cal mag≠net≠ic field map is gen≠er≠at≠ed by mag≠net mea≠sure≠ments or mag≠net de≠sign soft≠wares. We de≠vel≠oped a tech≠nique that pro≠duces from the nu≠mer≠i≠cal field map, a dy≠nam≠i≠cal map for a par≠ti≠cle trav≠el≠ling in the en≠tire EMMA cell for a ref≠er≠ence en≠er≠gy with≠out ac≠cel≠er≠a≠tion. Since the beam dy≠nam≠ics change with en≠er≠gy, a set of maps have been pro≠duce with dif≠fer≠ent ref≠er≠ence en≠er≠gies be≠tween 10 and 20MeV. For each ref≠er≠ence en≠er≠gy, sim≠u≠lat≠ed tune and time of flight (TOF) have been com≠pared with re≠sults in Zgoubi - track≠ing di≠rect≠ly through nu≠mer≠i≠cal field map. The range of va≠lid≠i≠ty of a sin≠gle map has been in≠ves≠ti≠gat≠ed by track≠ing par≠ti≠cle with large en≠er≠gy de≠vi≠a≠tion. From that, a ...

  12. Single Event Effect Hardness for the Front-end ASICs Applied in BGO Calorimeter of DAMPE Satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Shan-Shan; Feng, Chang-Qing; Xi, Kai; Liu, Shu-Bin; An, Qi

    2015-01-01

    Dark Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE) is a Chinese scientific satellite designed for cosmic ray study with a primary scientific goal of indirect search of dark matter particles. As a crucial sub-detector, BGO calorimeter measures the energy spectrum of cosmic rays in the energy range from 5 GeV to 10 TeV. In order to implement high-density front-end electronics (FEE) with the ability to measure 1848 signals from 616 photomultiplier tubes on the strictly constrained satellite platform, two kinds of 32-channel front-end ASICs, VA160 and VATA160, are customized. However, a space mission period of more than 3 years makes single event effect (SEE) a probable threat to reliability. In order to evaluate the SEE sensitivity of the chips and verify the effectiveness of mitigation methods, a series of laser-induced and heavy ion-induced SEE tests were performed. Benefiting from the single event latch-up (SEL) protection circuit for power supply, the triple module redundancy (TMR) technology for the configuration regist...

  13. Primary and secondary scintillation measurements in a xenon Gas Proportional Scintillation Counter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. M. P. Fernandes; E. D. C. Freitas; M. Ball; J. J. Gůmez-Cadenas; C. M. B. Monteiro; N. Yahlali; D. Nygren; J. M. F. dos Santos

    2010-09-15

    NEXT is a new experiment to search for neutrinoless double beta decay using a 100 kg radio-pure high-pressure gaseous xenon TPC. The detector requires excellent energy resolution, which can be achieved in a Xe TPC with electroluminescence readout. Hamamatsu R8520-06SEL photomultipliers are good candidates for the scintillation readout. The performance of this photomultiplier, used as VUV photosensor in a gas proportional scintillation counter, was investigated. Initial results for the detection of primary and secondary scintillation produced as a result of the interaction of 5.9 keV X-rays in gaseous xenon, at room temperature and at pressures up to 3 bar, are presented. An energy resolution of 8.0% was obtained for secondary scintillation produced by 5.9 keV X-rays. No significant variation of the primary scintillation was observed for different pressures (1, 2 and 3 bar) and for electric fields up to 0.8 V cm-1 torr-1 in the drift region, demonstrating negligible recombination luminescence. A primary scintillation yield of 81 \\pm 7 photons was obtained for 5.9 keV X-rays, corresponding to a mean energy of 72 \\pm 6 eV to produce a primary scintillation photon in xenon.

  14. TREKisM Issue 52†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1987-01-01

    PIs+no s911 +R4M wI4 6UIM04S '(9:J.11uewnH 0+ snouoslod) 9J94dsow+e le9J ,s04+08 0+ ~JI~ s+JodsueJ+ 9H 'v '4::>e9sMolq + Ol JO:J.+IP9J::>IIn.:l 'O~ Aq SUIM ~JI~ 'AI+::>ex99UIWJ9+9P 0+ PJe4 s,+1 46n04+le '4::>e9Zl p9+uno::>9A,1 .£ (tSJ94+0 AUR) IJI6 9...UI++n::>Aq) ;,'+eoJ4+ Aw +n::>JO ew 9~04::>J94+1311 :eAe4 0+ 9~11 IIe p,9M 9JnS W,I 9UO -- 9::>104::>e ue4~ SJ9:J.:J.OAo~::>W 'L Z1 ∑s~el pauJnds 'pa+JafaJ 'Jood pue 60ol~ BJe peBp BJe BJnS A++BJd BJ,BM SBUO AluO B41 'OZ '4JeB Z '(u06UII~) seJ~ pue...

  15. RF System Modeling for the CEBAF Energy Upgrade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomasz Plawski, J. Hovater

    2009-05-01

    An RF system model, based on MATLAB/SIMULINK, has been developed for analyzing the basic characteristics of the low level RF (LLRF) control system being designed for the CEBAF 12 GeV Energy Upgrade. In our model, a typical passband cavity representation is simplified to in-phase and quadrature (I&Q) components. Lorentz Force and microphonic detuning are incorporated as a new quadrature carrier frequency (frequency modulation). Beam is also represented as in-phase and quadrature components and superpositioned with the cavity field vector. Signals pass through two low pass filters, where the cutoff frequency is equal to half of the cavity bandwidth, then they are demodulated using the same detuning frequency. Because only baseband I&Q signals are calculated, the simulation process is very fast when compared to other controller-cavity models. During the design process we successfully analyzed gain requirements vs. field stability for different superconducting cavity microphonic backgrounds and Lorentz Force coefficients. Moreover, we were able to evaluate different types of a LLRF systemís control algorithm: GDR (Generator Driven Resonator) and SEL (Self Excited Loop) [1] as well as klystron power requirements for different cavities and beam loads.

  16. Coal: the cornerstone of America's energy future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, R.A. [National Coal Council (United Kingdom)

    2006-06-15

    In April 2005, US Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman asked the National Coal Council to develop a 'report identifying the challenges and opportunities of more fully exploring our domestic coal resources to meet the nation's future energy needs'. The Council has responded with eight specific recommendations for developing and implementing advanced coal processing and combustion technologies to satisfy our unquenchable thirst for energy. These are: Use coal-to-liquids technologies to produce 2.6 million barrels/day; Use coal-to-natural gas technologies to produce 4 trillion ft{sup 3}/yr; Build 100 GW of clean coal plants by 2025; Produce ethanol from coal; Develop coal-to-hydrogen technologies; Use CO{sub 2} to enhance recovery of oil and coal-bed methane; Increase the capacity of US coal mines and railroads; and Invest in technology development and implementation. 1 ref.; 4 figs.; 1 tab.

  17. Coal cars - the first three hundred years

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin Robert Karig III

    2007-12-15

    This is the comprehensive study of the freight cars that conveyed coal across broad swaths of land that had been impassible before the invention of the steam engine. This volume traces the history and evolution of coal cars from their earliest use in England to the construction of major railways for the purpose of coal hauling and the end of the steam era on American railroads. In addition to contextualizing coal cars in the annals of industrial history, the book features extensive design specifications and drawings as well as a complete history of the various safety and mechanical innovations employed on these freight cars. It concludes with a photographic essay illustrating the development of the coal car over its first 300 years of use. 608 photos.

  18. Overfilling of cavern blamed for LPG blasts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-07-06

    Three explosions and a fire Apr. 7 at an LPG salt dome storage cavern near Brenham, Tex., were triggered when the cavern was overfilled, the Texas Railroad Commission (TRC) has reported. This paper reports that a TRC investigation found that LPG escaped to the surface at the Brenham site through brine injection tubing after excessive fill from an LPG line forced the cavern's water level below the brine tubing's bottom. At the surface, LPG was released into a brine storage pit where it turned into a dense, explosive vapor. At 7:08 a.m., the vapor was ignited by an unknown source. The resulting blast killed three persons and injured 19 and brought operations at the site to a halt.

  19. The role of active and ancient geothermal processes in the generation, migration, and entrapment of oil in the basin and Range Province, western USA. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hulen, J.B.; Collister, J.W.; Curtiss, D.K. [and others

    1997-06-01

    The Basin and Range (B&R) physiographic province of the western USA is famous not only for its geothermal and precious-metal wealth, but also for its thirteen oil fields, small but in some cases highly productive. The Grant Canyon field in Railroad Valley, for example, for years boasted production of more than 6000 barrels of oil (BO) per day from just two wells; aggregate current production from the Blackburn field in Pine Valley commonly exceeds 1000 BO per day. These two and several other Nevada oil fields are unusually hot at reservoir depth--up to 130{degrees}C at depths as shallow as 1.1 km, up to three times the value expected from the prevailing regional geothermal gradient.

  20. Optimal recovery sequencing for critical infrastructure resilience assessment.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vugrin, Eric D.; Brown, Nathanael J. K.; Turnquist, Mark Alan

    2010-09-01

    Critical infrastructure resilience has become a national priority for the U. S. Department of Homeland Security. System resilience has been studied for several decades in many different disciplines, but no standards or unifying methods exist for critical infrastructure resilience analysis. This report documents the results of a late-start Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project that investigated the identification of optimal recovery strategies that maximize resilience. To this goal, we formulate a bi-level optimization problem for infrastructure network models. In the 'inner' problem, we solve for network flows, and we use the 'outer' problem to identify the optimal recovery modes and sequences. We draw from the literature of multi-mode project scheduling problems to create an effective solution strategy for the resilience optimization model. We demonstrate the application of this approach to a set of network models, including a national railroad model and a supply chain for Army munitions production.

  1. Wildlife Impact Assessment and Summary of Previous Mitigation Related to Hydroelectric Projects in Montana, Volume One, Libby Dam Project, Operator, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yde, Chris A.

    1984-10-01

    This assessment addresses the impacts to the wildlife populations and wildlife habitats due to the Libby Dam project on the Kootenai River and previous mitigation of these losses. The current assessment documents the best available information concerning the impacts to the wildlife populations inhabiting the project area prior to construction of the dam and creation of the reservoir. Many of the impacts reported in this assessment differ from those contained in the earlier document compiled by the Fish and Wildlife Service; however, this document is a thorough compilation of the available data (habitat and wildlife) and, though conservative, attempts to realistically assess the impacts related to the Libby Dam project. Where appropriate the impacts resulting from highway construction and railroad relocation were included in the assessment. This was consistent with the previous assessments.

  2. Transfer stations and long-haul transport systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, P.; Pferdehirt, W.; O'Leary, P. (Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Solid and Hazardous Waste Education Center)

    1993-12-01

    Transfer stations can be an important link between pickup at the curb and ultimate disposal, often allowing significant savings in the total costs to move wastes from the generator to the disposal site. A transfer station is simply a facility where collection trucks bring collected materials for loading into larger vehicles and subsequent shipment, usually to a landfill, waste-to-energy plant, or composting facility. Transferred wastes are typically shipped out in large trailers, but barges and railroad cars are also transport options. Although modern transfer stations usually include some provisions for handling recyclables, solid waste transfer dominates the operation of most facilities. Some communities have begun experimenting with transferring commingled, source-separated recyclables to regional processing centers. Transfer facilities can be as simple as a pavement slab and a front-end loader. Alternatively, transfer stations can cost millions of dollars and move thousands of tons of waste each day.

  3. Successful so far, coal lobby's campaign may run out of steam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-05-15

    The anti-coal lobby has mounted a highly successful campaign that has brought the permitting, financing, and construction of new conventional coal-fired plants to a virtual halt. But the coal lobby is not yet ready to concede defeat. With powerful constituents in coal-mining and coal-burning states and influential utilities, mining companies, and railroads, it continues to fight for its survival using any and all gimmicks and scare tactics in the book. The battle is being waged in courtrooms, public forums, media campaigns, and especially in Congress. The problem with the coal lobby is that it refuses to admit that coal combustion to generate electricity is among the chief sources of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions; unless they address this issue honestly, effectively, and immediately, their efforts are going to win few converts in the courts of law or public opinion.

  4. Coal Transportation Rate Sensitivity Analysis

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    On December 21, 2004, the Surface Transportation Board (STB) requested that the Energy Information Administration (EIA) analyze the impact of changes in coal transportation rates on projected levels of electric power sector energy use and emissions. Specifically, the STB requested an analysis of changes in national and regional coal consumption and emissions resulting from adjustments in railroad transportation rates for Wyoming's Powder River Basin (PRB) coal using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). However, because NEMS operates at a relatively aggregate regional level and does not represent the costs of transporting coal over specific rail lines, this analysis reports on the impacts of interregional changes in transportation rates from those used in the Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO2005) reference case.

  5. Evaluation of aftermarket LPG conversion kits in light-duty vehicle applications. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bass, E.A.

    1993-06-01

    SwRI was contracted by NREL to evaluate three LPG conversion kits on a Chevrolet Lumina. The objective of the project was to measure the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) emissions and fuel economy of these kits, and compare their performance to gasoline-fueled operation and to each other. Varying LPG fuel blends allowed a preliminary look at the potential for fuel system disturbance. The project required kit installation and adjustment according to manufacturer`s instructions. A limited amount of trouble diagnosis was also performed on the fuel systems. A simultaneous contract from the Texas Railroad Commission, in cooperation with NREL, provided funds for additional testing with market fuels (HD5 propane and industry average gasoline) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions speciation to determine the ozone-forming potential of LPG HC emissions. This report documents the procurement, installation, and testing of these LPG conversion kits.

  6. Freight Shuttle System: Cross-Border Movement of Goods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-05-31

    The Freight Shuttle System (FSS) is designed to provide freight transportation services between those short and intermediate distance locations (within 600 miles) that are currently handling large volumes of freight traffic. Much like trucks, the FSS's transporters are autonomous: each transporter has its own propulsion and travels independently of other transporters. Inspired by railroads, each FSS transporter has steel wheels operating on a steel running surface and can carry either a standardsize freight container or an over-the-road truck trailer. However, unlike either rail or trucks, the FSS runs on an elevated, dedicated guideway to avoid the interference of other transportation systems. The objective of this report is to examine the potential viability for an alternative transportation system for trailers and containers in a multi-national, cross-border setting. The El Paso-Ciudad Juarez region serves as the environment of this analysis.

  7. Expanded public notice: Washington State notice of intent for corrective action management unit, Hanford Environmental Restoration Disposal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    This document is to serve notice of the intent to operate an Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF), adjacent to the 200 West Area of the Hanford Facility, Richland, Washington, as a Corrective Action Management Unit (CAMU), in accordance with 40 Code of Federal Regulation (CFR) 264.552. The ERDF CAMU will serve as a management unit for the majority of waste (primarily soil) excavated during remediation of waste management sites on the Hanford Facility. Only waste that originates from the Hanford Facility can be accepted in this ERDF CAMU. The waste is expected to consist of dangerous waste, radioactive waste, and mixed waste. Mixed waste contains radioactive and dangerous components. The primary features of the ERDF could include the following: one or more trenches, rail and tractor/trailer container handling capability, railroads, an inventory control system, a decontamination building, and operational offices.

  8. Test of Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve Cavern Bryan Mound 104. [Salt cavern entry wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goin, K.L.

    1985-05-01

    This document reports the certification test of Cavern Bryan Mound 104 conducted between September 19 and November 9, 1984. The test included pressurization with oil to near maximum test gradient, depressuring to maximum operating gradient, and doing nitrogen leak tests of the three cavern entry wells. Test results indicate nitrogen loss rates from the wells of 35 bbl/y from 104A, 19 bbl/y from 104B, and 0 bbl/y from 104C. These nitrogen loss rates can reasonably be assumed to correspond to a total cavern oil loss rate of 5.4 bbl/y, which is well within the DOE acceptance criterion of 100 bbl/y of oil per cavern. The final phase of the nitrogen leak test was observed by a representative of the Texas Railroad Commission. 7 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

  9. The politics of Peacekeeper Rail Garrison. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Tassel, A.R.

    1992-01-01

    In 1985, the Congress capped at 50 the number of Peacekeeper ICBMs that could be deployed in vulnerable Minuteman silos, thereby sending the Reagan administration and the Air Force in search of another basing mode so that 100 of the ton-warhead missiles could be deployed as recommended by the Scowcroft Commission. The result was Peacekeeper rail garrison--a strategic nuclear weapon system that combined the Peacekeeper missile with railroad trains garrisoned at military installations. The missile trains would have dispersed across the nation's railways only during times of 'national need like the Cuban Missile Crisis. This case study examines the politics of that weapon system in order to contribute to the literature regarding weapons acquisition, test a number of propositions suggested by the bureaucratic politics model, and assess the influence of nonbureaucratic forces and actors on Peacekeeper rail garrison's fortunes.

  10. Potential for the use of biogeochemistry in the detection of petroleum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klusman, R.W.; Saeed, M.A. (Colorado School of Mines, Golden (United States)); Abu-Ali, M.A. (ARAMCO, Golden, CO (United States))

    1991-03-01

    Biogeochemistry was applied to the indirect detection of petroleum microseepage in the vicinity of the Eagle Springs oil field, Railroad Valley, Nevada and Cave Canyon field, Paradox basin, Utah. Trace elements were measured in native vegetation over and surrounding areas of production at the test sites. The oxidation of microseepage in the upper part of the soil column is postulated to cause an increase in plant uptake of transition trace elements such as iron, manganese, vanadium, and a decrease in plant uptake of alkaline earth elements such as calcium, strontium, and barium. An increase in uptake of transition trace elements and a decrease in alkaline earth elements was observed in Fourwing saltbush over the Eagle Springs field. The postulated increase in uptake of transition trace elements and decrease in alkaline earth elements was not observed in Big Sagebrush nor in Utah juniper over the Cave Canyon field. The observation of the postulated effects at Eagle Springs may be due to the relatively large rates of microseepage independently observed using other methods, or the loss of the light hydrocarbons and extensive faulting in Railroad Valley. The apparent failure to observed the same effect at Cave Canyon may reflect the lack of faulting and the retention of light hydrocarbons in the reservoir. Another possibility is that the available plant species at Cave Canyon do not exhibit the effect at the lower soil pH measured in the area. The theory predicts that the increased uptake of transition elements and decreased uptake of alkaline earth elements will be enhanced at high soil pH.

  11. Agenda of critical issues: coal price and availability. Final report. [Includes effect of legislation, sulfur content and rail transport costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tennican, M.L.; Wayland, R.E.; Weinstein, D.M.

    1984-10-01

    Temple, Barker, and Sloane, Inc. developed an agenda of critical issues regarding future coal prices and coal availability for EPRI. TBS interviewed nearly 50 utility, coal company, and railroad officials, academic experts, and coal consultants; held a one-day participatory workshop; and conducted a literature review and follow-up interviews with selected utilities. TBS found four causes of uncertainty in the utility industry over future coal prices. First, the acid deposition proposals in Congress vary in terms of the structure of the legislation, the costs of compliance, and the impact on coal prices; in turn these uncertainties impede utility fuel planning and decision making. Second, powerplant-specific factors will have a major impact on whether utilities switch or scrub in response to acid deposition legislation; existing analyses do not capture these factors. The most important powerplant-specific factors are matching unit characteristics with coal specifications, retrofit scrubber costs, and differing state regulatory environments. Third, TBS found that utility fuel managers have great uncertainty over the availability and future cost of compliance coal. TBS estimated that the existing production capacity of eastern compliance coal is at least twice as high as current production. Fourth, TBS concluded that uncertainty over future coal transportation rates was a major reason for utilities' uncertainty over future delivered prices of coal. Critical transportation-related issues are the strategic and tactical response of eastern coal producers to the Staggers Act; the impact on rail rates of the sale of Conrail, of possible transcontinental mergers, and of multi-modal mergers; and the future pricing policies that eastern railroads will adopt in response to imports of Colombian coal. 21 references.

  12. Improved DC Gun Insulator Assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sah, R.; Dudas, A.; Neubauer, M. L.; Poelker, M.; Surles-Law, K. E.L.

    2010-05-23

    Many user fa≠cil≠i≠ties such as syn≠chrotron ra≠di≠a≠tion light sources and free elec≠tron lasers re≠quire ac≠cel≠er≠at≠ing struc≠tures that sup≠port elec≠tric fields of 10-100 MV/m, es≠pe≠cial≠ly at the start of the ac≠cel≠er≠a≠tor chain where ce≠ram≠ic in≠su≠la≠tors are used for very high gra≠di≠ent DC guns. These in≠su≠la≠tors are dif≠fi≠cult to man≠u≠fac≠ture, re≠quire long com≠mis≠sion≠ing times, and often ex≠hib≠it poor re≠li≠a≠bil≠i≠ty. Two tech≠ni≠cal ap≠proach≠es to solv≠ing this prob≠lem will be in≠ves≠ti≠gat≠ed. First≠ly, in≠vert≠ed ce≠ram≠ics offer so≠lu≠tions for re≠duced gra≠di≠ents be≠tween the elec≠trodes and ground. An in≠vert≠ed de≠sign will be pre≠sent≠ed for 350 kV, with max≠i≠mum gra≠di≠ents in the range of 5-10 MV/m. Sec≠ond≠ly, novel ce≠ram≠ic man≠u≠fac≠tur≠ing pro≠cess≠es will be stud≠ied, in order to pro≠tect triple junc≠tion lo≠ca≠tions from emis≠sion, by ap≠ply≠ing a coat≠ing with a bulk re≠sis≠tiv≠i≠ty. The pro≠cess≠es for cre≠at≠ing this coat≠ing will be op≠ti≠mized to pro≠vide pro≠tec≠tion as well as be used to coat a ce≠ram≠ic with an ap≠pro≠pri≠ate gra≠di≠ent in bulk re≠sis≠tiv≠i≠ty from the vac≠u≠um side to the air side of an HV stand≠off ce≠ram≠ic cylin≠der. Ex≠am≠ple in≠su≠la≠tor de≠signs are being com≠put≠er mod≠elled, and in≠su≠la≠tor sam≠ples are being man≠u≠fac≠tured and test≠ed

  13. USDOE Top-of-Rail Lubricant Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohumad F. Alzoubi; George R. Fenske; Robert A. Erck; Amrit S. Boparai

    2002-02-01

    Lubrication of wheel/rail systems has been recognized for the last two decades as a very important issue for railroads. Energy savings and less friction and wear can be realized if a lubricant can be used at the wheel/rail interface. On the other hand, adverse influences are seen in operating and wear conditions if improper or excessive lubrication is used. Also, inefficiencies in lubrication need to be avoided for economic and environmental reasons. The top-of-rail (TOR) lubricant concept was developed by Texaco Corporation to lubricate wheels and rails effectively and efficiently. Tranergy Corporation has been developing its SENTRAEN 2000{trademark} lubrication system for the last ten years, and this revolutionary new high-tech on-board rail lubrication system promises to dramatically improve the energy efficiency, performance, safety, and track environment of railroads. The system is fully computer-controlled and ensures that all of the lubricant is consumed as the end of the train passes. Lubricant quantity dispensed is a function of grade, speed, curve, and axle load. Tranergy also has its LA4000{trademark} wheel and rail simulator, a lubrication and traction testing apparatus. The primary task of this project was collecting and analyzing the volatile and semivolatile compounds produced as the lubricant was used. The volatile organic compounds were collected by Carbotrap cartridges and analyzed by adsorption and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The semivolatile fraction was obtained by collecting liquid that dripped from the test wheel. The collected material was also analyzed by GC/MS. Both of these analyses were qualitative. The results indicated that in the volatile fraction, the only compounds on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund List of Analytes detected were contaminants either in the room air or from other potential contamination sources in the laboratory. Similarly, in the semivolatile fraction none of the detected compounds are on the EPA's Superfund List of Analytes. The major compound in the semivolatile fraction is 1,2-propanediol, which was also found as the major component of the TOR lubricant before testing. Other compounds found in trace quantities either were present in the TOR lubricant or were small fragments from the polymeric component of the TOR lubricant. The second task for Argonne in this project was to investigate the effects of axle load, angle of attack, and quantity of lubricant on lateral friction forces, as well as the consumption time of the TOR lubricant. The second task was to collect and qualitatively identify any volatile and semivolatile compounds produced upon use of the TOR lubricant.

  14. Spent Fuel Transportation Package Response to the Baltimore Tunnel Fire Scenario

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adkins, Harold E.; Cuta, Judith M.; Koeppel, Brian J.; Guzman, Anthony D.; Bajwa, Christopher S.

    2006-11-15

    On July 18, 2001, a freight train carrying hazardous (non-nuclear) materials derailed and caught fire while passing through the Howard Street railroad tunnel in downtown Baltimore, Maryland. The United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC), one of the agencies responsible for ensuring the safe transportation of radioactive materials in the United States, undertook an investigation of the train derailment and fire to determine the possible regulatory implications of this particular event for the transportation of spent nuclear fuel by railroad. Shortly after the accident occurred, the USNRC met with the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB, the U.S. agency responsible for determining the cause of transportation accidents), to discuss the details of the accident and the ensuing fire. Following these discussions, the USNRC assembled a team of experts from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses (CNWRA), and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to determine the thermal conditions that existed in the Howard Street tunnel fire and analyze the effects of this fire on various spent fuel transportation package designs. The Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) code, developed by NIST, was used to determine the thermal environment present in the Howard Street tunnel during the fire. The FDS results were used as boundary conditions in the COBRA-SFS and ANSYSģ computer codes to evaluate the thermal performance of different package designs. The staff concluded that larger transportation packages resembling the HOLTEC Model No. HI STAR 100 and TransNuclear Model No. TN-68 would withstand a fire with thermal conditions similar to those that existed in the Baltimore tunnel fire event with only minor damage to peripheral components. This is due to their sizable thermal inertia and design specifications in compliance with currently imposed regulatory requirements. The staff also concluded that some components of smaller transportation packages resembling the NAC Model No. LWT, despite placement within an ISO container, could degrade. USNRC staff evaluated the radiological consequences of the package responses to the Baltimore tunnel fire. Though components in some packages heated up beyond their service temperatures, the staff determined that there would be no significant dose as a result of the fire for any of these and similar packages.

  15. Top-of-Rail lubricant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alzoubi, M. F.; Fenske, G. R.; Erck, R. A.; Boparai, A. S.

    2000-07-14

    Analysis of the volatile and semivolatile fractions collected after use of the TOR lubricant indicated that other than contaminants in the collection laboratory, no compounds on the EPA's Target Compound Lists (Tables 2 and 5) were detected in these fractions. The data of these qualitative analyses, given in the various tables in the text, indicate only the relative amounts of the tentatively identified compounds. The authors recommend that quantitative analysis be performed on the volatile and semivolatile fractions to allow confirmation of the tentatively identified compounds and to obtain absolute amounts of the detected compounds. Additionally, the semivolatile fraction should be analyzed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry to identify compounds that are not chromatographable under the temperature program used for determination of semivolatile compounds. Introducing the top-of-rail (TOR) lubricant into the wheel/rail interface results in a reduction of almost 60% of lateral friction force over the forces encountered under dry conditions. This reveals good potential for energy savings, as well as wear reduction, for railroad companies. In TOR lubrication, an increase in the angle of attack and axle load results in increased lateral friction and rate of lubricant consumption. The most efficient TOR lubricant quantity to be used in the wheel/rail interface must be calculated precisely according to the number of cars, axle loads, train speed, and angle of attack.

  16. Historic, enthnohistoric and prehistoric cultural resource inventory. Final technical report, November 1980-May 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    The goal of this study is to provide a literature search and write a historical narrative of the cultural significance of the study area for the proposed WyCoalGas Inc., pipeline, railroad, well fields, and coal gasification plant. The request for a cultural resource investigation states at a minimum the study shall be a literature search on the narrow one mile corridor along the proposed pipelines, areas included within the various facilities plus a one mile buffer surrounding these facilities. In addition, the study must be tied into appropriate local, state, and national history. The writer of this history has felt a responsibility for providing a realistic assessment of the themes of the study area's historical development. Several ideas have been concentrated upon: its American Indian heritage; the Euro-American's exploitive relationship with the region; and the overriding fragile, arid nature of its land. It is hoped that the government agencies and ultimately the energy company will feel a similiar responsibility toward the study area's historical integrity.

  17. LNG infrastructure and equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forgash, D.J.

    1995-12-31

    Sound engineering principals have been used by every company involved in the development of the LNG infrastructure, but there is very little that is new. The same cryogenic technology that is used in the manufacture and sale of nitrogen, argon, and oxygen infrastructure is used in LNG infrastructure. The key component of the refueling infrastructure is the LNG tank which should have a capacity of at least 15,000 gallons. These stainless steel tanks are actually a tank within a tank separated by an annular space that is void of air creating a vacuum between the inner and outer tank where superinsulation is applied. Dispensing can be accomplished by pressure or pump. Either works well and has been demonstrated in the field. Until work is complete on NFPA 57 or The Texas Railroad Commission Rules for LNG are complete, the industry is setting the standards for the safe installation of refueling infrastructure. As a new industry, the safety record to date has been outstanding.

  18. LNG -- A paradox of propulsion potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKay, D.J.

    1995-12-31

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) has been demonstrating its viability as a clean-burning alternative fuel for buses and medium- and heavy-duty trucks for the past 30 years. The first known LNG vehicle project began in San Diego in 1965, When San Diego Gas and Electric converted 22 utility trucks and three passenger vehicles to dedicated LNG. A surge in LNG vehicle project activity over the past five years has led to a fairly robust variety of vehicles testing the fuel, from Class 8 tractors, refuse haulers and transit buses to railroad locomotives and ferry boats. Recent technology improvements in engine design, cryogenic tanks, fuel nozzles and other related equipment have made LNG more practical to use than in the 1960s. LNG delivers more than twice the driving range from the same-sized fuel tank as a vehicle powered by compressed natural gas (CNG). Although technical and economic hurdles must be overcome before this fuel can achieve widespread use, various ongoing demonstration projects are showing LNG`s practicality, while serving the vital role of pinpointing those areas of performance that are the prime candidates for improvement.

  19. Corrective Action Decision Document for Corrective Action Unit 168: Area 25 and 26 Contaminated Materials and Waste Dumps, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Rev. No.: 2 with Errata Sheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wickline, Alfred

    2006-12-01

    This Corrective Action Decision Document has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 168: Area 25 and 26, Contaminated Materials and Waste Dumps, Nevada Test Site, Nevada. The purpose of this Corrective Action Decision Document is to identify and provide a rationale for the selection of a recommended corrective action alternative for each corrective action site (CAS) within CAU 168. The corrective action investigation (CAI) was conducted in accordance with the ''Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 168: Area 25 and 26, Contaminated Materials and Waste Dumps, Nevada Test Site, Nevada'', as developed under the ''Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order'' (1996). Corrective Action Unit 168 is located in Areas 25 and 26 of the Nevada Test Site, Nevada and is comprised of the following 12 CASs: CAS 25-16-01, Construction Waste Pile; CAS 25-16-03, MX Construction Landfill; CAS 25-19-02, Waste Disposal Site; CAS 25-23-02, Radioactive Storage RR Cars; CAS 25-23-13, ETL - Lab Radioactive Contamination; CAS 25-23-18, Radioactive Material Storage; CAS 25-34-01, NRDS Contaminated Bunker; CAS 25-34-02, NRDS Contaminated Bunker; CAS 25-99-16, USW G3; CAS 26-08-01, Waste Dump/Burn Pit; CAS 26-17-01, Pluto Waste Holding Area; and CAS 26-19-02, Contaminated Waste Dump No.2. Analytes detected during the CAI were evaluated against preliminary action levels (PALs) to determine contaminants of concern (COCs) for CASs within CAU 168. Radiological measurements of railroad cars and test equipment were compared to unrestricted (free) release criteria. Assessment of the data generated from the CAI activities revealed the following: (1) Corrective Action Site 25-16-01 contains hydrocarbon-contaminated soil at concentrations exceeding the PAL. The contamination is at discrete locations associated with asphalt debris. (2) No COCs were identified at CAS 25-16-03. Buried construction waste is present in at least two disposal cells contained within the landfill boundaries. (3) No COCs were identified at CAS 25-19-02. (4) Radiological surveys at CAS 25-23-02 identified 13 railroad cars that exceeded the NV/YMP Radiological Control Manual limits for free release. Six railroad cars were below these limits and therefore met the free-release criteria. (5) An In-Situ Object Counting System survey taken at CAS 25-23-02 identified two railroad cars possibly containing fuel fragments; both exceeded the NV/YMP Radiological Control Manual free release criteria. (6) Corrective Action Site 25-23-18 contains total petroleum hydrocarbons-diesel-range organics, Aroclor-1260, uranium-234, uranium-235, strontium-90, and cesium-137 that exceed PALs. (7) Radiological surveys at CAS 25-34-01 indicate that there were no total contamination readings that exceeded the NV/YMP Radiological Control Manual limits for free release. (8) Radiological surveys at CAS 25-34-02 indicate that there were no total contamination readings that exceeded the NV/YMP Radiological Control Manual limits for free release. (9) Radiological surveys at CAS 25-23-13 identified six pieces of equipment that exceed the NV/YMP Radiological Control Manual limits for free release. (10) Corrective Action Site 25-99-16 was not investigated. A review of historical documentation and current site conditions showed that no further characterization was required to select the appropriate corrective action. (11) Corrective Action Site 26-08-01 contains hydrocarbon-contaminated soil at concentrations exceeding the PAL. The contamination is at discrete locations associated with asphalt debris. (12) Corrective Action Site 26-17-01 contains total petroleum hydrocarbons-diesel-range organics and Aroclor-1260 exceeding the PALs. (13) Radiological surveys at CAS 26-19-02 identified metallic debris that exceeded the NV/YMP Radiological Control Manual limits for free release. Concentrations of radiological or chemical constituents in soil did not exceed PALs.

  20. Opacity meter for monitoring exhaust emissions from non-stationary sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dec, John Edward (Livermore, CA)

    2000-01-01

    Method and apparatus for determining the opacity of exhaust plumes from moving emissions sources. In operation, a light source is activated at a time prior to the arrival of a diesel locomotive at a measurement point, by means of a track trigger switch or the Automatic Equipment Identification system, such that the opacity measurement is synchronized with the passage of an exhaust plume past the measurement point. A beam of light from the light source passes through the exhaust plume of the locomotive and is detected by a suitable detector, preferably a high-rate photodiode. The light beam is well-collimated and is preferably monochromatic, permitting the use of a narrowband pass filter to discriminate against background light. In order to span a double railroad track and provide a beam which is substantially stronger than background, the light source, preferably a diode laser, must provide a locally intense beam. A high intensity light source is also desirable in order to increase accuracy at the high sampling rates required. Also included is a computer control system useful for data acquisition, manipulation, storage and transmission of opacity data and the identification of the associated diesel engine to a central data collection center.

  1. Factors fragmenting the Russian Federation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, E.

    1993-10-06

    This paper examines the factors that threaten the future of the Russian Federation (RF). The observations are based on a study that focused on eight republics: Mordova, Udmurtia, Tatarstan, Mari El, Bashkortostan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Buryatia, and Altay Republic. These republics were selected for their geographic and economic significance to the RF. Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Udmurtia, and Mari El are located on important supply routes, such as the Volga River and the trans-Siberian railroad. Some of these republics are relatively wealthy, with natural resources such as oil (e.g., Tatarstan and Bashkortostan), and all eight republics play significant roles in the military-industrial complex. The importance of these republics to the RF contrasts to the relative insignificance of the independence-minded Northern Caucasus area. The author chose not to examine the Northern Caucasus region (except Kabardino-Balkaria) because these republics may have only a minor impact on the rest of the RF if they secede. Their impact would be minimized because they lie on the frontiers of the RF. Many Russians believe that {open_quotes}it might be best to let such a troublesome area secede.{close_quotes}

  2. Study of the impacts of regulations affecting the acceptance of Integrated Community Energy Systems: public utility, energy facility siting and municipal franchising regulatory programs in Washington. Preliminary background report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L; Gallagher, K C; Hejna, D; Rielley, K J

    1980-01-01

    The Washinton State Constitution grants authority to the legislature to regulate railroads and other common carriers as well as telegraph and telephone companies in the state. No section of the constitution expressly provides for the regulation of electric, gas, water, or heating utilities. The authority to regulate public utilities is vested generally in the Utilities and Transportation Commission, formerly designated at the Public Service Commission. The Commission is composed of three members appointed by the governor, with the consent of the senate. The term of office for commissioners is six years. Recently enacted legislation provides for the implementation of tax incentives to encourage the development of cogeneration facilities in the state. This plan is to be administered by the Department of Revenue in conjunction with the Energy Office. Public utility regulatory statutes, energy facility siting programs, and municipal franchising authority are examined to identify how they may impact on the ability of an organization, whether or not it be a regulated utility, to construct and operate an ICES.

  3. Long Term Stewardship Challenges at the St. Louis District FUSRAP Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dell'Orco, L.; Chambers, D.

    2002-02-27

    Non-Federally owned radioactively contaminated sites in St. Louis, Missouri are currently being remediated by the St. Louis District Corps of Engineers under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). When FUSRAP remediation is complete, inaccessible soils which have levels of contamination greater than unrestricted use standards, will remain. The purpose of this paper is to document the initial challenges facing the project team during its development of the Long Term Stewardship plan for the management of these soils. These soils are located under buildings, roads, railroads and bridges. The Long Term Stewardship plan for the majority of the sites is being developed simultaneously with the remedy selection process. A living document, it will ultimately document the remedial action end state and location of inaccessible soils and implement the plan for ensuring these soils are not a threat to human health and the environment. Although these soils are protective in their current configuration, at some point in time, when activities such as maintenance, utility or property improvement occur, the soils will become accessible and need to be addressed by the federal government. Up until that point in time they will need to be effectively managed to ensure they remain protective. The St. Louis District is in the process of collaboratively developing this plan with its regulators, affected stakeholders and interested parties.

  4. Remedial Design/Remedial Action Work Plan for Operable Units 6-05 and 10-04, Phase III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. P. Wells

    2006-09-19

    The remedial design/remedial action for Operable Unit 6-05 (Waste Area Group 6) and Operable Unit 10-04 (Waste Area Group 10) - collectively called Operable Unit 10-04 has been divided into four phases. Phase I consists of developing and implementing institutional controls at Operable Unit 10-04 sites and developing and implementing Idaho National Laboratory-wide plans for both institutional controls and ecological monitoring. Phase II will remediate sites contaminated with trinitrotoluene and Royal Demolition Explosive. Phase III will remediate lead contamination at a gun range, and Phase IV will remediate hazards from unexploded ordnance. This Phase III remedial Design/Remedial Action Work Plan addresses the remediation of lead-contaminated soils found at the Security Training Facility (STF)-02 Gun Range located at the Idaho National Laboratory. Remediation of the STF-02 Gun Range will include excavating contaminated soils; physically separating copper and lead for recycling; returning separated soils below the remediation goal to the site; stabilizing contaminated soils, as required, and disposing of the separated soils that exceed the remediation goal; encapsulating and disposing of creosote-contaminated railroad ties and power poles; removing and disposing of the wooden building and asphalt pads found at the STF-02 Gun Range; sampling and analyzing soil to determine the excavation requirements; and when the remediation goals have been met, backfilling and contouring excavated areas and revegetating the affected area.

  5. Urban dispersion : challenges for fast response modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M. J. (Michael J.)

    2004-01-01

    There is renewed interest in urban dispersion modeling due to the need for tools that can be used for responding to, planning for, and assessing the consequences of an airborne release of toxic materials. Although not an everyday phenomenon, releases of hazardous gases and aerosols have occurred in populated urban environments and are potentially threatening to human life. These releases may stem from on-site accidents as in the case of industrial chemical releases, may result during transport of hazardous chemicals as in tanker truck or railroad spills, or may be premeditated as in a chemical, biological, or radiological (CBR) agent terrorist attack. Transport and dispersion in urban environments is extremely complicated. Buildings alter the flow fields and deflect the wind, causing updrafts and downdrafts, channeling between buildings, areas of calm winds adjacent to strong winds, and horizontally and vertically rotating-eddies between buildings, at street corners, and other places within the urban canopy (see review by Hosker, 1984). Trees, moving vehicles, and exhaust vents among other things further complicate matters. The distance over which chemical, biological, or radiological releases can be harmful varies from tens of meters to many kilometers depending on the amount released, the toxicity of the agent, and the atmospheric conditions. As we will show later, accounting for the impacts of buildings on the transport and dispersion is crucial in estimating the travel direction, the areal extent, and the toxicity levels of the contaminant plume, and ultimately for calculating exposures to the population.

  6. Office of Inspector General audit report on Hanford Site contractors` use of site services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The mission of the Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (Richland) is to safely manage legacy wastes, develop and deploy science and technology, and provide stewardship of the Hanford Site (Site). To accomplish its mission, Richland employs five prime contractors: Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc. (Fluor Daniel); Bechtel Hanford, Inc. (Bechtel); Battelle-Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (Battelle); Hanford Environmental Health Foundation; and BNFL, Inc. Some of these contractors, in turn, have multiple subcontractors. To operate the Site, contractors need to use numerous services, such as telecommunications, copying, and photography. Richland directed certain contractors to provide these and other services, called site services, for the benefit of all contractors and assigned responsibility for optimal utilization of these services to its Site Infrastructure Division (SID). In the past, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) audited several site services, including groundwater monitoring, protective forces, personnel security clearances, railroad services, and fleet management. These audits disclosed that the services were not always efficiently and effectively coordinated. Therefore, the objective of this audit was to examine other site services, principally those provided at least in part by Fluor Daniel, to determine if contractors were acquiring services already available.

  7. Plowshare Program - American Atomic Bomb Tests For Industrial Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-04-22

    The United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) established the Plowshare Program as a research and development activity to explore the technical and economic feasibility of using nuclear explosives for industrial applications. The reasoning was that the relatively inexpensive energy available from nuclear explosions could prove useful for a wide variety of peaceful purposes. The Plowshare Program began in 1958 and continued through 1975. Between December 1961 and May 1973, the United States conducted 27 Plowshare nuclear explosive tests comprising 35 individual detonations. Conceptually, industrial applications resulting from the use of nuclear explosives could be divided into two broad categories: 1) large-scale excavation and quarrying, where the energy from the explosion was used to break up and/or move rock; and 2) underground engineering, where the energy released from deeply buried nuclear explosives increased the permeability and porosity of the rock by massive breaking and fracturing. Possible excavation applications included: canals, harbors, highway and railroad cuts through mountains, open pit mining, construction of dams, and other quarry and construction-related projects. Underground nuclear explosion applications included: stimulation of natural gas production, preparation of leachable ore bodies for in situ leaching, creation of underground zones of fractured oil shale for in situ retorting, and formation of underground natural gas and petroleum storage reservoirs.

  8. Technology Transfer Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-12-31

    BPF developed the concept of a mobile, on-site NORM remediation and disposal process in late 1993. Working with Conoco and receiving encouragement born the Department of Energy, Metarie Office, and the Texas Railroad Commission the corporation conducted extensive feasibility studies on an on-site disposal concept. In May 1994, the Department of Energy issued a solicitation for cooperative agreement proposal for, "Development and Testing of a Method for Treatment and Underground Disposal of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM)". BPF submitted a proposal to the solicitation in July 1994, and was awarded a cooperative agreement in September 1995. BPF proposed and believed that proven equipment and technology could be incorporated in to a mobile system. The system would allow BPF to demonstrate an environmentally sound and commercially affordable method for treatment and underground disposal of NORM. The key stop in the BPF process incorporates injection of the dissolved radioactive materials into a water injection or disposal well. Disposal costs in the BPF proposal of July 1995 were projected to range from $1000 to $5000 per cubic yard. The process included four separate steps. (1) De-oiling (2) Volume Reduction (3) Chemical Dissolution of the Radium (4) Injection

  9. Assessment of the facilities on Jackass Flats and other Nevada Test Site facilities for the new nuclear rocket program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandler, G.; Collins, D.; Dye, K.; Eberhart, C.; Hynes, M.; Kovach, R.; Ortiz, R.; Perea, J.; Sherman, D.

    1992-12-01

    Recent NASA/DOE studies for the Space Exploration Initiative have demonstrated a critical need for the ground-based testing of nuclear rocket engines. Experience in the ROVER/NERVA Program, experience in the Nuclear Weapons Testing Program, and involvement in the new nuclear rocket program has motivated our detailed assessment of the facilities used for the ROVER/NERVA Program and other facilities located at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The ROVER/NERVA facilities are located in the Nevada Research L, Development Area (NRDA) on Jackass Flats at NTS, approximately 85 miles northwest of Las Vegas. To guide our assessment of facilities for an engine testing program we have defined a program goal, scope, and process. To execute this program scope and process will require ten facilities. We considered the use of all relevant facilities at NTS including existing and new tunnels as well as the facilities at NRDA. Aside from the facilities located at remote sites and the inter-site transportation system, all of the required facilities are available at NRDA. In particular we have studied the refurbishment of E-MAD, ETS-1, R-MAD, and the interconnecting railroad. The total cost for such a refurbishment we estimate to be about $253M which includes additional contractor fees related to indirect, construction management, profit, contingency, and management reserves. This figure also includes the cost of the required NEPA, safety, and security documentation.

  10. New public information resources on salt caverns.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomasko, D.; Veil, J. A.

    1999-08-25

    For the past decade, interest has been growing in using underground salt caverns for disposing of wastes. The Railroad Commission of Texas has permitted a few caverns for disposal of nonhazardous oil field waste (NOW) and one cavern for disposal of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) from oil field activities. Several salt caverns in Canada have also been permitted for disposal of NOW. In addition, oil and gas agencies in Louisiana and New Mexico are developing cavern disposal regulations. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has funded several studies to evaluate the technical feasibility, legality, economic viability, and risk of disposing of NOW and NORM in caverns. The results of these studies have been disseminated to the scientific and regulatory communities. However, as use of caverns for waste disposal increases, more government and industry representatives and members of the public will become aware of this practice and will need adequate information about how disposal caverns operate and the risks they pose. In anticipation of this need, DOE has fi.mded Argonne National Laboratory to develop a salt cavern public outreach program. Key components of this program are an informational brochure designed for nontechnical persons and a website that provides greater detail on cavern operations and allows downloadable access to the reports on the topic funded by DOE. This paper provides an overview of the public outreach program.

  11. New public information resources on salt caverns.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomasko, D.; Veil, J. A.

    1999-08-25

    For the past decade, interest has been growing in using underground salt caverns for disposing of wastes. The Railroad Commission of Texas has permitted a few caverns for disposal of nonhazardous oil field waste (NOW) and one cavern for disposal of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) from oil field activities. Several salt caverns in Canada have also been permitted for disposal of NOW. In addition, oil and gas agencies in Louisiana and New Mexico are developing cavern disposal regulations. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has funded several studies to evaluate the technical feasibility, legality, economic viability, and risk of disposing of NOW and NORM in caverns. The results of these studies have been disseminated to the scientific and regulatory communities. However, as use of caverns for waste disposal increases, more government and industry representatives and members of the public will become aware of this practice and will need adequate information about how disposal caverns operate and the risks they pose. In anticipation of this need, DOE has funded Argonne National Laboratory to develop a salt cavern public outreach program. Key components of this program are an informational brochure designed for nontechnical persons and a website that provides greater detail on cavern operations and allows downloadable access to the reports on the topic funded by DOE. This paper provides an overview of the public outreach program.

  12. Consortium for coal log pipeline research and development. Final technical progress report, August 10, 1993--August 9, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marrero, T.R.

    1996-10-01

    The main objective of this project was to conduct intensive research and development of the Coal Log Pipeline (CLP). Specifically, the R & D was to concentrate on previously neglected and insufficiently studied aspects of CLP which were deemed significant. With improvements in these areas, CLP could be implemented for commercial use within five years. CLP technology is capable of transporting coal logs for long distances. The many potential advantages of CLP over truck and railroad transportation include: lower freight costs, less energy consumption, less air pollution, decreased environmental problems, increased safety, and improved reliability. Previous studies have shown that CLP is advantageous over slurry pipeline technology. First, CLP uses one-third the water required by a coal slurry pipeline. Second, CLP provides easier coal dewatering. Third, the CLP conveying capacity of coal is twice as much as a slurry transport line of equal diameter. In many situations, the cost for transporting each ton of coal is expected to be less expensive by CLP as compared to other competing modes of transportation such as: truck, unit train and slurry pipeline.

  13. Coal data: A reference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-02-01

    This report, Coal Data: A Reference, summarizes basic information on the mining and use of coal, an important source of energy in the US. This report is written for a general audience. The goal is to cover basic material and strike a reasonable compromise between overly generalized statements and detailed analyses. The section ``Supplemental Figures and Tables`` contains statistics, graphs, maps, and other illustrations that show trends, patterns, geographic locations, and similar coal-related information. The section ``Coal Terminology and Related Information`` provides additional information about terms mentioned in the text and introduces some new terms. The last edition of Coal Data: A Reference was published in 1991. The present edition contains updated data as well as expanded reviews and additional information. Added to the text are discussions of coal quality, coal prices, unions, and strikes. The appendix has been expanded to provide statistics on a variety of additional topics, such as: trends in coal production and royalties from Federal and Indian coal leases, hours worked and earnings for coal mine employment, railroad coal shipments and revenues, waterborne coal traffic, coal export loading terminals, utility coal combustion byproducts, and trace elements in coal. The information in this report has been gleaned mainly from the sources in the bibliography. The reader interested in going beyond the scope of this report should consult these sources. The statistics are largely from reports published by the Energy Information Administration.

  14. HIGHWAY INFRASTRUCTURE FOCUS AREA NEXT-GENERATION INFRASTRUCTURE MATERIALS VOLUME I - TECHNICAL PROPOSAL & MANAGEMENTENHANCEMENT OF TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE WITH IRON-BASED AMORPHOUS-METAL AND CERAMIC COATINGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farmer, J C

    2007-12-04

    The infrastructure for transportation in the United States allows for a high level of mobility and freight activity for the current population of 300 million residents, and several million business establishments. According to a Department of Transportation study, more than 230 million motor vehicles, ships, airplanes, and railroads cars were used on 6.4 million kilometers (4 million miles) of highways, railroads, airports, and waterways in 1998. Pipelines and storage tanks were considered to be part of this deteriorating infrastructure. The annual direct cost of corrosion in the infrastructure category was estimated to be approximately $22.6 billion in 1998. There were 583,000 bridges in the United States in 1998. Of this total, 200,000 bridges were steel, 235,000 were conventional reinforced concrete, 108,000 bridges were constructed using pre-stressed concrete, and the balance was made using other materials of construction. Approximately 15 percent of the bridges accounted for at this point in time were structurally deficient, primarily due to corrosion of steel and steel reinforcement. Iron-based amorphous metals, including SAM2X5 (Fe{sub 49.7}Cr{sub 17.7}Mn{sub 1.9}Mo{sub 7.4}W{sub 1.6}B{sub 15.2}C{sub 3.8}Si{sub 2.4}) and SAM1651 (Fe{sub 48}Mo{sub 14}Cr{sub 15}Y{sub 2}C{sub 15}B{sub 6}) have been developed, and have very good corrosion resistance. These materials have been prepared as a melt-spun ribbons, as well as gas atomized powders and thermal-spray coatings. During electrochemical testing in several environments, including seawater at 90 C, the passive film stabilities of these materials were found to be comparable to that of more expensive high-performance alloys, based on electrochemical measurements of the passive film breakdown potential and general corrosion rates. These materials also performed very well in standard salt fog tests. Chromium (Cr), molybdenum (Mo) and tungsten (W) provided corrosion resistance, and boron (B) enabled glass formation. The high boron content of this particular amorphous metal made it an effective neutron absorber, and suitable for criticality control applications. These amorphous alloys appear to maintain their corrosion resistance up to the glass transition temperature. Visionary research is proposed to extend the application of corrosion-resistant iron-based amorphous metal coatings, and variants of these coatings, to protection of the Nation's transportation infrastructure. Specific objectives of the proposed work are: (1) fabrication of appropriate test samples for evaluation of concept; (2) collection of production and test data for coated steel reinforcement bars, enabling systematic comparison of various coating options, based upon performance and economic considerations; and (3) construction and testing of concrete structures with coated steel reinforcement bars, thereby demonstrating the value of amorphous-metal coatings. The benefits of ceramic coatings as thermal barriers will also be addressed.

  15. High-pressure coal fuel processor development. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenhalgh, M.L. [Caterpillar, Inc., Peoria, IL (United States)

    1992-12-01

    Caterpillar shares DOE/METC interest in demonstrating the technology required to displace petroleum-based engine fuels with various forms of low cost coal. Current DOE/METC programs on mild gasification and coal-water-slurries are addressing two approaches to this end. Engine and fuel processor system concept studies by Caterpillar have identified a third, potentially promising, option. This option includes high-pressure fuel processing of run-of-the-mine coal and direct injection of the resulting low-Btu gas stream into an ignition assisted, high compression ratio diesel engine. The compactness and predicted efficiency of the system make it suitable for application to line-haul railroad locomotives. Two overall conclusions resulted from Task 1. First direct injected, ignition assisted Diesel cycle engine combustion systems can be suitably modified to efficiently utilize low-Btu gas fuels. Second, high pressure gasification of selected run-of-the-mine coals in batch-loaded fuel processors is feasible. These two findings, taken together, significantly reduce the perceived technical risk associated with the further development of the proposed coal gas fueled Diesel cycle power plant concept. The significant conclusions from Task 2 were: An engine concept, derived from a Caterpillar 3600 series engine, and a fuel processor concept, based on scaling up a removable-canister configuration from the test rig, appear feasible; and although the results of this concept study are encouraging, further, full-scale component research and development are required before attempting a full-scale integrated system demonstration effort.

  16. High-pressure coal fuel processor development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenhalgh, M.L. (Caterpillar, Inc., Peoria, IL (United States))

    1992-12-01

    Caterpillar shares DOE/METC interest in demonstrating the technology required to displace petroleum-based engine fuels with various forms of low cost coal. Current DOE/METC programs on mild gasification and coal-water-slurries are addressing two approaches to this end. Engine and fuel processor system concept studies by Caterpillar have identified a third, potentially promising, option. This option includes high-pressure fuel processing of run-of-the-mine coal and direct injection of the resulting low-Btu gas stream into an ignition assisted, high compression ratio diesel engine. The compactness and predicted efficiency of the system make it suitable for application to line-haul railroad locomotives. Two overall conclusions resulted from Task 1. First direct injected, ignition assisted Diesel cycle engine combustion systems can be suitably modified to efficiently utilize low-Btu gas fuels. Second, high pressure gasification of selected run-of-the-mine coals in batch-loaded fuel processors is feasible. These two findings, taken together, significantly reduce the perceived technical risk associated with the further development of the proposed coal gas fueled Diesel cycle power plant concept. The significant conclusions from Task 2 were: An engine concept, derived from a Caterpillar 3600 series engine, and a fuel processor concept, based on scaling up a removable-canister configuration from the test rig, appear feasible; and although the results of this concept study are encouraging, further, full-scale component research and development are required before attempting a full-scale integrated system demonstration effort.

  17. Feasibility study for a 10-MM-GPY fuel ethanol plant, Brady Hot Springs, Nevada. Volume 1. Process and plant design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-09-01

    An investigation was performed to determine the technical and economic viability of constructing and operating a geothermally heated, biomass, motor fuel alcohol plant at Brady's Hot Springs. The results of the study are positive, showing that a plant of innovative, yet proven design can be built to adapt current commerical fermentation-distillation technology to the application of geothermal heat energy. The specific method of heat production from the Brady's Hot Spring wells has been successful for some time at an onion drying plant. Further development of the geothermal resource to add the capacity needed for an ethanol plant is found to be feasible for a plant sized to produce 10 million gallons of motor fuel grade ethanol per year. A very adequate supply of feedgrains is found to be available for use in the plant without impact on the local or regional feedgrain market. The effect of diverting supplies from the animal feedlots in Northern Nevada and California will be mitigated by the by-product output of high-protein feed supplements that the plant will produce. The plant will have a favorable impact on the local farming economies of Fallon, Lovelock, Winnemucca and Elko, Nevada. It will make a positive and significant socioeconomic contribution to Churchill County, providing direct employment for an additional 61 persons. Environmental impact will be negligible, involving mostly a moderate increase in local truck traffic and railroad siding activity. The report is presented in two volumes. Volume 1 deals with the technical design aspects of the plant. The second volume addresses the issue of expanded geothermal heat production at Brady's Hot Springs, goes into the details of feedstock supply economics, and looks at the markets for the plant's primary ethanol product, and the markets for its feed supplement by-products. The report concludes with an analysis of the economic viability of the proposed project.

  18. Publications on maglev technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, J.L.; Coffey, H.T.; Rote, D.M.; Wang, Z.

    1991-12-01

    Magnetically levitated passenger-transportation vehicles, using attractive and repulsive magnetic forces, are currently in the development or prototype-revenue stages in Japan and Germany. The basic principles of these technologies have been understood for several decades, but their practical applications awaited advances in high-power electronic devices, modern controls, superconducting magnets, and improvements in our transportation infrastructures. A considerable amount of work was devoted to magnetic-levitation (maglev) transportation system in the late 1960s and the 1970s. Detailed development was sustained primarily in Germany and Japan. This listing of publications was begun as the initial phase of a design study for a maglev development facility sponsored by the State of Illinois. The listing has been continually updated under programs sponsored by the Federal Railroad Administration and the US Army Corps of Engineers. In 1991, the National Maglev Initiative issued 27 contracts for the study of technical issues related to maglev and four contracts for the definition of maglev systems. In December 1991, the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act was enacted, mandating the development of a US-designed maglev system in a six-year period. This listing is offered as an aid to those working on these projects, to help them locate technical papers on relevant technologies. The design and installation of a maglev transportation system will require the efforts of workers in many disciplines, from electronics to economics to safety. Accordingly, the references have been grouped in 14 different sections to expedite review of the listing. In many case, the references are annotated to indicate the general content of the papers. Abstracts are not available. A list of information services from which the listed documents might be obtained and an author index are provided.

  19. Preliminary analysis of the postulated changes needed to achieve rail cask handling capabilities at selected light water reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konzek, G.J.

    1986-02-01

    Reactor-specific railroad and crane information for all LWRs in the US was extracted from current sources of information. Based on this information, reactors were separated into two basic groups consisting of reactors with existing, usable rail cask capabilities and those without these capabilities. The latter group is the main focus of this study. The group of reactors without present rail cask handling capabilities was further separated into two subgroups consisting of reactors considered essentially incapable of handling a large rail cask of about 100 tons and reactors where postulated facility changes could result in rail cask handling capabilities. Based on a selected population of 127 reactors, the results of this assessment indicate that usable rail cask capabilities exist at 83 (65%) of the reactors. Twelve (27%) of the remaining 44 reactors are deemed incapable of handling a large rail cask without major changes, and 32 reactors are considered likely candidates for potentially achieving rail cask handling capabilities. In the latter group, facility changes were postulated that would conceptually enable these reactors to handle large rail casks. The estimated cost per plant of required facility changes varied widely from a high of about $35 million to a low of <$0.3 million. Only 11 of the 32 plants would require crane upgrades. Spur track and right-of-way costs would apparently vary widely among sites. These results are based on preliminary analyses using available generic cost data. They represent lower bound values that are useful for developing an initial assessment of the viability of the postulated changes on a system-wide basis, but are not intended to be absolute values for specific reactors or sites.

  20. Coal supply/demand, 1980 to 2000. Task 3. Resource applications industrialization system data base. Final review draft. [USA; forecasting 1980 to 2000; sector and regional analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fournier, W.M.; Hasson, V.

    1980-10-10

    This report is a compilation of data and forecasts resulting from an analysis of the coal market and the factors influencing supply and demand. The analyses performed for the forecasts were made on an end-use-sector basis. The sectors analyzed are electric utility, industry demand for steam coal, industry demand for metallurgical coal, residential/commercial, coal demand for synfuel production, and exports. The purpose is to provide coal production and consumption forecasts that can be used to perform detailed, railroad company-specific coal transportation analyses. To make the data applicable for the subsequent transportation analyses, the forecasts have been made for each end-use sector on a regional basis. The supply regions are: Appalachia, East Interior, West Interior and Gulf, Northern Great Plains, and Mountain. The demand regions are the same as the nine Census Bureau regions. Coal production and consumption in the United States are projected to increase dramatically in the next 20 years due to increasing requirements for energy and the unavailability of other sources of energy to supply a substantial portion of this increase. Coal comprises 85 percent of the US recoverable fossil energy reserves and could be mined to supply the increasing energy demands of the US. The NTPSC study found that the additional traffic demands by 1985 may be met by the railways by the way of improved signalization, shorter block sections, centralized traffic control, and other modernization methods without providing for heavy line capacity works. But by 2000 the incremental traffic on some of the major corridors was projected to increase very significantly and is likely to call for special line capacity works involving heavy investment.

  1. Remedial actions at the former Vitro Rare Metals plant site, Canonsburg, Washington County, Pennsylvania. Final Environmental Impact Statement. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-07-01

    The environmental impacts associated with remedial actions in connection with residual radioactive materials remaining at the inactive uranium processing site located in Canonsburg, Washington County, Pennsylvania are evaluated. The Canonsburg site is an 18.5-acre property that was formerly owned by the Vitro Rare Metals Company. The expanded Canonsburg site would be 30-acre property that would include the Canonsburg site (the former Vitro Rare Metals plant), seven adjacent private houses, and the former Georges Pottery property. During the period 1942 through 1957 the Vitro Manufacturing Company and its successor, the Vitro Corporation of America, processed onsite residues and ores, and government-owned ores, concentrates, and scraps to extract uranium and other rare metals. The Canonsburg site is now the Canon Industrial Park. In addition to storing the residual radioactive materials of this process at the Canonsburg site, about 12,000 tons of radioactively contaminated materials were transferred to a railroad landfill in Burrell Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania. This Canonsburg FEIS evaluates five alternatives for removing the potential public health hazard associated with the radioactively contaminated materials. In addition to no action, these alternatives involve various combinations of stabilization of the radioactively contaminated materials in place or decontamination of the Canonsburg and Burrell sites by removing the radioactively contaminated materials to another location. In addition to the two sites mentioned, a third site located in Hanover Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania has been considered as a disposal site to which the radioactively contaminated materials presently located at either of the other two sites might be moved.

  2. An evaluation of gas field rules in light of current conditions and production practices in the Panhandle non-associated gas fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brady, C.L.; O`Rear, C.H.

    1996-09-01

    During the early years of development in the Panhandle fields the Rule of Capture was king. Under the Rule of Capture each property owner has the right to drill as many wells as desired at any location. Adjacent property owners protect their rights by doing the same. Courts adopted the Rule of Capture to protect mineral owners from liability due to migration of oil and gas across property boundary lines. This general practice {open_quotes}to go and do likewise{close_quotes} generally leads to enormous economic and natural resource waste. Established to offset the waste created under the Rule of Capture is the doctrine of Correlative Rights. Correlative Rights is the fight of each mineral owner to obtain oil and gas from a common source of supply under lawful operations conducted from his property. However, each mineral owner has a duty to every other mineral owner not to extract oil and gas in a manner injurious to the common source of supply. This paper will examine the historical context of these common law principles with regard to the Panhandle non-associated gas fields. Discovered in 1917, the Panhandle fields are ideal to evaluate the merit of statutes and regulations enacted in response to production practices. As in many Texas fields, proration in the Panhandle fields is the primary mechanism to protect correlative rights and prevent waste. Signed and made effective May 1989, the current field rules pre-date much of the enhanced recovery techniques that use well-head vacuum compression. This paper reviews the gas rules in the 1989 Texas Railroad Commission order in light of current reservoir conditions and production practices.

  3. Development of a structural health monitoring system for the life assessment of critical transportation infrastructure.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roach, Dennis Patrick; Jauregui, David Villegas; Daumueller, Andrew Nicholas

    2012-02-01

    Recent structural failures such as the I-35W Mississippi River Bridge in Minnesota have underscored the urgent need for improved methods and procedures for evaluating our aging transportation infrastructure. This research seeks to develop a basis for a Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) system to provide quantitative information related to the structural integrity of metallic structures to make appropriate management decisions and ensuring public safety. This research employs advanced structural analysis and nondestructive testing (NDT) methods for an accurate fatigue analysis. Metal railroad bridges in New Mexico will be the focus since many of these structures are over 100 years old and classified as fracture-critical. The term fracture-critical indicates that failure of a single component may result in complete collapse of the structure such as the one experienced by the I-35W Bridge. Failure may originate from sources such as loss of section due to corrosion or cracking caused by fatigue loading. Because standard inspection practice is primarily visual, these types of defects can go undetected due to oversight, lack of access to critical areas, or, in riveted members, hidden defects that are beneath fasteners or connection angles. Another issue is that it is difficult to determine the fatigue damage that a structure has experienced and the rate at which damage is accumulating due to uncertain history and load distribution in supporting members. A SHM system has several advantages that can overcome these limitations. SHM allows critical areas of the structure to be monitored more quantitatively under actual loading. The research needed to apply SHM to metallic structures was performed and a case study was carried out to show the potential of SHM-driven fatigue evaluation to assess the condition of critical transportation infrastructure and to guide inspectors to potential problem areas. This project combines the expertise in transportation infrastructure at New Mexico State University with the expertise at Sandia National Laboratories in the emerging field of SHM.

  4. Assessment of the facilities on Jackass Flats and other Nevada test site facilities for the new nuclear rocket program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandler, G.; Collins, D.; Dye, K.; Eberhart, C.; Hynes, M.; Kovach, R.; Ortiz, R.; Perea, J.; Sherman, D. (Field Test Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States))

    1993-01-15

    Recent NASA/DOE studies for the Space Exploration Initiative have demonstrated a critical need for the ground-based testing of nuclear rocket engines. Experience in the ROVER/NERVA Program, experience in the Nuclear Weapons Testing Program, and involvement in the new nuclear rocket program has motivated our detailed assessment of the facilities used for the ROVER/NERVA Program and other facilities located at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The ROVER/NERVA facilities are located in the Nevada Research Development Area (NRDA) on Jackass Flats at NTS, approximately 85 miles northwest of Las Vegas. To guide our assessment of facilities for an engine testing program we have defined a program goal, scope, and process. In particular we have assumed that the program goal will be to certify a full engine system design as flight test ready. All nuclear and non-nuclear components will be individually certified as ready for such a test at sites remote from the NRDA facilities, the components transported to NRDA, and the engine assembled. We also assume that engines of 25,000--100,000 lb thrust levels will be tested with burn times of 1 hour or longer. After a test, the engine will be disassembled, time critical inspections will be executed, and a selection of components will be transported to remote inspection sites. The majority of the components will be stored for future inspection at Jackass Flats. To execute this program scope and process will require ten facilities. We considered the use of all relevant facilities at NTS including existing and new tunnels as well as the facilities at NRDA. Aside from the facilities located at remote sites and the inter-site transportation system, all of the required facilities are available at NRDA. In particular we have studied the refurbishment of E-MAD, ETS-1, R-MAD, and the interconnecting railroad.

  5. Coal sector profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-06-05

    Coal is our largest domestic energy resource with recoverable reserves estimated at 268 billion short tons or 5.896 quads Btu equivalent. This is approximately 95 percent of US fossil energy resources. It is relatively inexpensive to mine, and on a per Btu basis it is generally much less costly to produce than other energy sources. Its chief drawbacks are the environmental, health and safety concerns that must be addressed in its production and consumption. Historically, coal has played a major role in US energy markets. Coal fueled the railroads, heated the homes, powered the factories. and provided the raw materials for steel-making. In 1920, coal supplied over three times the amount of energy of oil, gas, and hydro combined. From 1920 until the mid 1970s, coal production remained fairly constant at 400 to 600 million short tons a year. Rapid increases in overall energy demands, which began during and after World War II were mostly met by oil and gas. By the mid 1940s, coal represented only half of total energy consumption in the US. In fact, post-war coal production, which had risen in support of the war effort and the postwar Marshall plan, decreased approximately 25 percent between 1945 and 1960. Coal demand in the post-war era up until the 1970s was characterized by increasing coal use by the electric utilities but decreasing coal use in many other markets (e.g., rail transportation). The oil price shocks of the 1970s, combined with natural gas shortages and problems with nuclear power, returned coal to a position of prominence. The greatly expanded use of coal was seen as a key building block in US energy strategies of the 1970s. Coal production increased from 613 million short tons per year in 1970 to 950 million short tons in 1988, up over 50 percent.

  6. Results of the radiological survey at 146 W. Central Avenue, Maywood, New Jersey (MJ034)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, R.D.; Carrier, R.F.

    1989-11-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and reining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from OaK Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Th, derived from the MCW site. These surveys typically include direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, a private property at 146 West Central Avenue, Maywood, New Jersey (MJ034), was conducted during 1987 and 1988. While some measurements at this property were greater than background levels typically encountered in the New jersey area, no radiation levels nor radionuclide concentrations exceeded the guidelines established by the DOE for the Maywood, New Jersey, area remedial action plan. However, because of the proximity of the railroad property, which will be remediated, and the DOE's ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) policy, concurrent removal of the slightly elevated soil layers at 146 W. Central Avenue may be justified. 6 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  7. Educating the public about America`s fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul, J.H. [C.E.E.D., Northfield, NJ (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Today we would like to take a few moments of your time to talk about America`s fuel-coal, and a new organization created to educate decision makers, the public and educators. The Center for Energy & Economics Development (CEED) began as a concept in late 1992, and began operations with the creation of the Southern Region in March of 1993. Discussions began among several railroad CEO`s who were concerned that their major revenue commodity - coal - was experiencing serious problems due to public opposition and governmental restrictions. Conversations with their counterparts in the coal industry resulted in an agreement to forget parochial and often conflicting interests in Washington, and pursue the development of an overall grassroots joint-effort to protect the coal option. Those of you familiar with the history of conflict between these two industries recognize that this was a major step, and one that has led to an exciting new initiative. The coal/rail discussions examined a variety of approaches that the coalition might follow. Rather than jumping off into unchartered waters, or retraveling old roads, the group decided to first find out what was known and unknown about coal and energy. A Washington public relations firm, and a well known polling organization began the process in December of 1992 with a comprehensive opinion research program that would allow us to understand attitudes and opinions about energy and economic development, specifically coal and related issues. We reviewed the public-opinion history of coal beginning with the first national survey conducted in 1944, and then held a series of qualitative focus discussions in Tampa, Hartford, Denver and Indianapolis. In each city there was a discussion between business leaders and environmental activists, and one with the general public. In January of 1993, the focus groups were followed by a quantitative assessment of national opinion measuring trends, collecting demographic and geographic differences.

  8. Oil field waste disposal costs at commercial disposal facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veil, J.A.

    1997-10-01

    The exploration and production segment of the U.S. oil and gas industry generates millions of barrels of nonhazardous oil field wastes annually. In most cases, operators can dispose of their oil fields wastes at a lower cost on-site than off site and, thus, will choose on-site disposal. However, a significant quantity of oil field wastes are still sent to off-site commercial facilities for disposal. This paper provides information on the availability of commercial disposal companies in different states, the treatment and disposal methods they employ, and how much they charge. There appear to be two major off-site disposal trends. Numerous commercial disposal companies that handle oil field wastes exclusively are located in nine oil-and gas-producing states. They use the same disposal methods as those used for on-site disposal. In addition, the Railroad Commission of Texas has issued permits to allow several salt caverns to be used for disposal of oil field wastes. Twenty-two other oil- and gas-producing states contain few or no disposal companies dedicated to oil and gas industry waste. The only off-site commercial disposal companies available handle general industrial wastes or are sanitary landfills. In those states, operators needing to dispose of oil field wastes off-site must send them to a local landfill or out of state. The cost of off-site commercial disposal varies substantially, depending on the disposal method used, the state in which the disposal company is located, and the degree of competition in the area.

  9. An Aerosol Condensation Model for Sulfur Trioxide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grant, K E

    2008-02-07

    This document describes a model for condensation of sulfuric acid aerosol given an initial concentration and/or source of gaseous sulfur trioxide (e.g. fuming from oleum). The model includes the thermochemical effects on aerosol condensation and air parcel buoyancy. Condensation is assumed to occur heterogeneously onto a preexisting background aerosol distribution. The model development is both a revisiting of research initially presented at the Fall 2001 American Geophysical Union Meeting [1] and a further extension to provide new capabilities for current atmospheric dispersion modeling efforts [2]. Sulfuric acid is one of the most widely used of all industrial chemicals. In 1992, world consumption of sulfuric acid was 145 million metric tons, with 42.4 Mt (mega-tons) consumed in the United States [10]. In 2001, of 37.5 Mt consumed in the U.S., 74% went into producing phosphate fertilizers [11]. Another significant use is in mining industries. Lawuyi and Fingas [7] estimate that, in 1996, 68% of use was for fertilizers and 5.8% was for mining. They note that H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} use has been and should continue to be very stable. In the United States, the elimination of MTBE (methyl tertiary-butyl ether) and the use of ethanol for gasoline production are further increasing the demand for petroleum alkylate. Alkylate producers have a choice of either a hydrofluoric acid or sulfuric acid process. Both processes are widely used today. Concerns, however, over the safety or potential regulation of hydrofluoric acid are likely to result in most of the growth being for the sulfuric acid process, further increasing demand [11]. The implication of sulfuric acid being a pervasive industrial chemical is that transport is also pervasive. Often, this is in the form of oleum tankers, having around 30% free sulfur trioxide. Although sulfuric acid itself is not a volatile substance, fuming sulfuric acid (referred to as oleum) is [7], the volatile product being sulfur trioxide. Sulfate aerosols and mist may form in the atmosphere on tank rupture. From chemical spill data from 1990-1996, Lawuyi02 and Fingas [7] prioritize sulfuric acid as sixth most serious. During this period, they note 155 spills totaling 13 Mt, out of a supply volume of 3700 Mt. Lawuyi and Fingas [7] summarize information on three major sulfuric acid spills. On 12 February 1984, 93 tons of sulfuric acid were spilled when 14 railroad cars derailed near MacTier, Parry Sound, Ontario. On 13 December 1978, 51 railroad cars derailed near Springhill, Nova Scotia. One car, containing 93% sulfuric acid, ruptured, spilling nearly its entire contents. In July 1993, 20 to 50 tons of fuming sulfuric acid spilled at the General Chemical Corp. plant in Richmond, California, a major industrial center near San Francisco. The release occurred when oleum was being loaded into a nonfuming acid railroad tank car that contained only a rupture disk as a safety device. The tank car was overheated and this rupture disk blew. The resulting cloud of sulfuric acid drifted northeast with prevailing winds over a number of populated areas. More than 3,000 people subsequently sought medical attention for burning eyes, coughing, headaches, and nausea. Almost all were treated and released on the day of the spill. By the day after the release, another 5,000 people had sought medical attention. The spill forced the closure of five freeways in the region as well as some Bay Area Rapid Transit System stations. Apart from corrosive toxicity, there is the additional hazard that the reactions of sulfur trioxide and sulfuric acid vapors with water are extremely exothermic [10, 11]. While the vapors are intrinsically denser than air, there is thus the likelihood of strong, warming-induced buoyancy from reactions with ambient water vapor, water-containing aerosol droplets, and wet environmental surface. Nordin [12] relates just such an occurrence following the Richmond, CA spill, with the plume observed to rise to 300 m. For all practical purposes, sulfur trioxide was the constituent released from the heated tank

  10. Geothermal Exploration in Hot Springs, Montana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toby McIntosh, Jackola Engineering

    2012-09-26

    The project involves drilling deeper in the Camp Aqua well dri lled in June 1982 as part of an effort to develop an ethanol plant. The purpose of the current drill ing effort is to determine if water at or above 165√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬įF exists for the use in low temperature resource power generation. Previous geothermal resource study efforts in and around Hot Springs , MT and the Camp Aqua area (NE of Hot Springs) have been conducted through the years. A confined gravel aquifer exists in deep alluvium overlain by approximately 250√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬? of si lt and c lay deposits from Glacial Lake Missoula. This gravel aquifer overlies a deeper bedrock aquifer. In the Camp Aqua area several wel l s exist in the gravel aquifer which receives hot water f rom bedrock fractures beneath the area. Prior to this exploration, one known well in the Camp Aqua area penetrated into the bedrock without success in intersecting fractures transporting hot geothermal water. The exploration associated with this project adds to the physical knowledge database of the Camp Aqua area. The dri l l ing effort provides additional subsurface information that can be used to gain a better understanding of the bedrock formation that i s leaking hot geothermal water into an otherwise cold water aquifer. The exi s t ing well used for the explorat ion is located within the √?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?center√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ě of the hottest water within the gravel aquifer. This lent i t sel f as a logical and economical location to continue the exploration within the existing well. Faced with budget constraints due to unanticipated costs, changing dril l ing techniques stretched the limited project resources to maximize the overa l l well depth which f e l l short of original project goals. The project goal of finding 165√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬įF or hotter water was not achieved; however the project provides additional information and understanding of the Camp Aqua area that could prove valuable in future exploration efforts

  11. Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adkins, Harold E.

    2013-04-01

    Under current U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulation, it is not sufficient for used nuclear fuel (UNF) to simply maintain its integrity during the storage period, it must maintain its integrity in such a way that it can withstand the physical forces of handling and transportation associated with restaging the fuel and moving it to treatment or recycling facilities, or a geologic repository. Hence it is necessary to understand the performance characteristics of aged UNF cladding and ancillary components under loadings stemming from transport initiatives. Researchers would like to demonstrate that enough information, including experimental support and modeling and simulation capabilities, exists to establish a preliminary determination of UNF structural performance under normal conditions of transport (NCT). This research, development and demonstration (RD&D) plan describes a methodology, including development and use of analytical models, to evaluate loading and associated mechanical responses of UNF rods and key structural components. This methodology will be used to provide a preliminary assessment of the performance characteristics of UNF cladding and ancillary components under rail-related NCT loading. The methodology couples modeling and simulation and experimental efforts currently under way within the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign (UFDC). The methodology will involve limited uncertainty quantification in the form of sensitivity evaluations focused around available fuel and ancillary fuel structure properties exclusively. The work includes collecting information via literature review, soliciting input/guidance from subject matter experts, performing computational analyses, planning experimental measurement and possible execution (depending on timing), and preparing a variety of supporting documents that will feed into and provide the basis for future initiatives. The methodology demonstration will focus on structural performance evaluation of Westinghouse WE 17◊17 pressurized water reactor fuel assemblies with a discharge burnup range of 30-58 GWd/MTU (assembly average), loaded in a representative high-capacity (?32 fuel rod assemblies) transportation package. Evaluations will be performed for representative normal conditions of rail transport involving a rail conveyance capable of meeting the Association of American Railroads (AAR) S-2043 specification. UNF modeling is anticipated to be defined to the pellet-cladding level and take in to account influences associated with spacer grids, intermediate fluid mixers, and control components. The influence of common degradation issues such as ductile-to-brittle-transition will also be accounted for. All model development and analysis will be performed with commercially available software packages exclusively. Inputs and analyses will be completely documented, all supporting information will be traceable, and bases will be defendable so as to be most useful to the U.S. Department of Energy community and mission. The expected completion date is the end of fiscal year (FY) 2013.

  12. TEXAS LPG FUEL CELL DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECT Full-Text - Submission contains both citation data and full-text of the journal article. Full-text can be either a pre-print or post-print, but not the copyrighted article.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SOUTHWEST RESEARCH LABORATORY SUBMITTED BY SUBCONTRACTOR, RAILROAD COMMISSION OF TEXAS

    2004-07-26

    The State Energy Conservation Office has executed its first Fuel Cell Project which was awarded under a Department of Energy competitive grant process. The Texas LPG Fuel Processor Development and Fuel Cell Demonstration Program is a broad-based public/private partnership led by the Texas State Energy Conservation Office (SECO). Partners include the Alternative Fuels Research and Education Division (AFRED) of the Railroad Commission of Texas; Plug Power, Inc., Latham, NY, UOP/HyRadix, Des Plaines, IL; Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), San Antonio, TX; the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC), and the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT). The team proposes to mount a development and demonstration program to field-test and evaluate markets for HyRadix?s LPG fuel processor system integrated into Plug Power?s residential-scale GenSys? 5C (5 kW) PEM fuel cell system in a variety of building types and conditions of service. The program?s primary goal is to develop, test, and install a prototype propane-fueled residential fuel cell power system supplied by Plug Power and HyRadix in Texas. The propane industry is currently funding development of an optimized propane fuel processor by project partner UOP/HyRadix through its national checkoff program, the Propane Education and Research Council (PERC). Following integration and independent verification of performance by Southwest Research Institute, Plug Power and HyRadix will produce a production-ready prototype unit for use in a field demonstration. The demonstration unit produced during this task will be delivered and installed at the Texas Department of Transportation?s TransGuide headquarters in San Antonio, Texas. Simultaneously, the team will undertake a market study aimed at identifying and quantifying early-entry customers, technical and regulatory requirements, and other challenges and opportunities that need to be addressed in planning commercialization of the units. For further information please contact Mary-Jo Rowan at mary-jo.rowan@cpa.state.tx.us

  13. Environmental Baseline Survey Report for the Title Transfer of Land Parcel ED-4 at the East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SAIC

    2008-05-01

    This environmental baseline survey (EBS) report documents the baseline environmental conditions of a land parcel referred to as 'ED-4' (ED-4) at the U. S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP). DOE is proposing to transfer the title of this land to the Heritage Center, LLC. Parcel ED-4 is a land parcel that consists of two noncontiguous areas comprising a total of approximately 18 acres located east of the ETTP. The western tract of ED-4 encompasses approximately 8.5 acres in the northeastern quadrant of the intersection of Boulevard Road and Highway 58. The eastern tract encompasses an area of approximately 9.5 acres in the northwestern quadrant of the intersection of Blair Road and Highway 58 (the Oak Ridge Turnpike). Aerial photographs and site maps from throughout the history of the ETTP, going back to its initial development in the 1940s as the Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant (ORGDP), indicate that this area has been undeveloped woodland with the exception of three support facilities for workers constructing the ORGDP since federal acquisition in 1943. These three support facilities, which were located in the western tract of ED-4, included a recreation hall, the Town Hall Camp Operations Building, and the Property Warehouse. A railroad spur also formerly occupied a portion of Parcel ED-4. These former facilities only occupied approximately 5 percent of the total area of Parcel ED-4. This report provides supporting information for the transfer of this government-owned property at ETTP to a non-federal entity. This EBS is based upon the requirements of Sect. 120(h) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA). In order to support a Clean Parcel Determination (CPD) in accordance with CERCLA Sect. 120(h)(4)(d), groundwater and sediment samples were collected within, and adjacent to, the Parcel ED-4 study area. The potential for DOE to make a CPD for ED-4 is further supported by a No Further Investigation (NFI) determination made on land that adjoins ED-4 to the east (DOE 1997a) and to the south (DOE 1997b).

  14. Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration Plan for Corrective Action Unit 398: Area 25 Spill Sites, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. B. Campbell

    2001-11-01

    This Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) plan addresses the activities necessary to close Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 398: Area 25 Spill Sites. CAU 398, located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site, is currently listed in Appendix III of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) (FFACO, 1996), and consists of the following 13 Corrective Action Sites (CASs) (Figure 1): (1) CAS 25-44-01 , a fuel spill on soil that covers a concrete pad. The origins and use of the spill material are unknown, but the spill is suspected to be railroad bedding material. (2) CAS 25-44-02, a spill of liquid to the soil from leaking drums. (3) CAS 25-44-03, a spill of oil from two leaking drums onto a concrete pad and surrounding soil. (4) CAS 25-44-04, a spill from two tanks containing sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide used for a water demineralization process. (5) CAS 25-25-02, a fuel or oil spill from leaking drums that were removed in 1992. (6) CAS 25-25-03, an oil spill adjacent to a tipped-over drum. The source of the drum is not listed, although it is noted that the drum was removed in 1991. (7) CAS 25-25-04, an area on the north side of the Engine-Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly (E-MAD) facility, where oils and cooling fluids from metal machining operations were poured directly onto the ground. (8) CAS 25-25-05, an area of oil and/or hydraulic fluid spills beneath the heavy equipment once stored there. (9) CAS 25-25-06, an area of diesel fuel staining beneath two generators that have since been removed. (10) CAS 25-25-07, an area of hydraulic oil spills associated with a tunnel-boring machine abandoned inside X-Tunnel. (11) CAS 25-25-08, an area of hydraulic fluid spills associated with a tunnel-boring machine abandoned inside Y-Tunnel. (12) CAS 25-25-16, a diesel fuel spill from an above-ground storage tank located near Building 3320 at Engine Test Stand-1 (ETS-1) that was removed in 1998. (13) CAS 25-25-17, a hydraulic oil spill associated with the historical operations of a vacuum pump oil recovery system at the E-MAD facility.

  15. Recent Developments in the Management of Cameco Corporation's Fuel Services Division Waste - 13144

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Thomas P.

    2013-07-01

    Cameco Corporation is a world leader in uranium production. Headquartered in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan our operations provide 16% of the world uranium mine production and we have approximately 435 million pounds of proven and probable uranium reserves. Cameco mining operations are located in Saskatchewan, Wyoming, Nebraska and Kazakhstan. Cameco is also a major supplier of uranium processing services required to produce fuel for the generation of clean energy. These operations are based in Blind River, Cobourg and Port Hope, Ontario and are collectively referred to as the Fuel Services Division. The Fuel Services Division produces uranium trioxide from uranium ore concentrate at the Blind River Refinery. Cameco produces uranium hexafluoride and uranium dioxide at the Port Hope Conversion Facility. Cameco operates a fuel manufacturing facility in Port Hope, Ontario and a metal fabrication facility located in Cobourg, Ontario. The company manufactures fuel bundles utilized in the Candu reactors. Cameco's Fuel Services Division produces several types of low-level radioactively contaminated wastes. Internal processing capabilities at both the Blind River Refinery and Port Hope Conversion Facility are extensive and allow for the recycling of several types of waste. Notwithstanding these capabilities there are certain wastes that are not amenable to the internal processing capabilities and must be disposed of appropriately. Disposal options for low-level radioactively contaminated wastes in Canada are limited primarily due to cost considerations. In recent years, Cameco has started to ship marginally contaminated wastes (<500 ppm uranium) to the United States for disposal in an appropriate landfill. The landfill is owned by US Ecology Incorporated and is located near Grand View, Idaho 70 miles southeast of Boise in the Owyhee Desert. The facility treats and disposes hazardous waste, non-hazardous industrial waste and low-activity radioactive material. The site's arid climate, deep groundwater and favourable geology help ensure permanent waste isolation. Combined with a state of the art multi-layer landfill liner system, the Grand View facility represents an ideal choice to minimize environmental liability. Marginally contaminated wastes from operations within the Fuel Services Division are typically loaded into PacTec IP-2 rated Intermediary Bulk Containers and then transported by road to a nearby rail siding. The Intermediary Bulk Containers are then loaded in US Ecology owned gondola rail-cars. The gondolas are then transported via Canadian Pacific and Union Pacific railroads to the US Ecology Rail Transfer facility located in Mayfield, Idaho. The Intermediary Bulk Containers are unloaded into trucks for transport to the disposal facility located approximately 32 miles away. (authors)

  16. Authorized Limits for the Release of a 25 Ton Locomotive, Serial Number 21547, at the Area 25 Engine Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeremy Gwin and Douglas Frenette

    2010-04-08

    This document contains process knowledge and radiological data and analysis to support approval for release of the 25-ton locomotive, Serial Number 21547, at the Area 25 Engine Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly (EMAD) Facility, located on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The 25-ton locomotive is a small, one-of-a-kind locomotive used to move railcars in support of the Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application project. This locomotive was identified as having significant historical value by the Nevada State Railroad Museum in Boulder City, Nevada, where it will be used as a display piece. A substantial effort to characterize the radiological conditions of the locomotive was undertaken by the NTS Management and Operations Contractor, National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec). During this characterization process, seven small areas on the locomotive had contamination levels that exceeded the NTS release criteria (limits consistent with U.S. Department of Energy [DOE] Order DOE O 5400.5, ďRadiation Protection of the Public and the EnvironmentĒ). The decision was made to perform radiological decontamination of these known accessible impacted areas to further the release process. On February 9, 2010, NSTec personnel completed decontamination of these seven areas to within the NTS release criteria. Although all accessible areas of the locomotive had been successfully decontaminated to within NTS release criteria, it was plausible that inaccessible areas of the locomotive (i.e., those areas on the locomotive where it was not possible to perform radiological surveys) could potentially have contamination above unrestricted release limits. To access the majority of these inaccessible areas, the locomotive would have to be disassembled. A complete disassembly for a full radiological survey could have permanently destroyed parts and would have ruined the historical value of the locomotive. Complete disassembly would also add an unreasonable financial burden for the contractor. A decision was reached between the NTS regulator and NSTec, opting for alternative authorized limits from DOE Headquarters. In doing so, NSTec personnel performed a dose model using the DOE-approved modeling code RESRAD-BUILD v3.5 to evaluate scenarios. The parameters used in the dose model were conservative. NSTecís Radiological Engineering Calculation, REC-2010-001, ďPublic Dose Estimate from the EMAD 25 Ton Locomotive,Ē concluded that the four scenarios evaluated were below the 25-millirem per year limit, the ďlikelyĒ dose scenarios met the ďfew millirem in a yearĒ criteria, and that the EMAD 25-ton locomotive met the radiological requirements to be released with residual radioactivity to the public.

  17. AN ELECTROMAGNETIC PNEUMO CAPSULE SYSTEM FOR CONVEYING MINERALS AND MINE WASTES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henry Liu; Charles W. Lenau

    2005-03-01

    The purpose of this project is to investigate the technical and economic feasibility of using a new and advanced pneumatic capsule pipeline (PCP) system for transporting minerals and mine wastes. The new system is different from conventional PCPs in two main respects: (1) it uses linear induction motors (LIMs) instead of blowers (fans) at the inlet of the pipeline to drive (pump) the capsules and the air through the pipeline; and (2) the capsules in the PCP have steel wheels running on steel rails as opposed to capsules in conventional systems, which use wheels with rubber tires running inside a pipe without rail. The advantage of using LIM pump instead of blower is that the former is non-intrusive and hence does not block the passage of capsules, enabling the system to run continuously without having to make the capsules bypass the pump. This not only simplifies the system but also enables the system to achieve much larger cargo throughput than that of PCPs using blowers, and use of LIMs as booster pumps which enables the system to have any length or to be used for transporting cargoes over practically any distance, say even one thousand kilometers or miles. An advantage of using steel wheels rolling on steel rails instead of using rubber tires rolling inside a pipeline is that the rolling friction coefficient and hence the use of energy is greatly reduced from that of conventional PCP systems. Moreover, rails enable easy control of capsule motion, such as switching capsules to a branch line by using railroad switching equipment. The advanced PCP system studied under this project uses rectangular conduits instead of circular pipe, having cross-sectional areas of 1 m by 1 m approximately. The system can be used for various transportation distances, and it can transport up to 50 million tonnes (metric tons) of cargo annually--the throughput of the largest mines in the world. Both an aboveground and an underground system were investigated and compared. The technical feasibility of this new PCP system was determined by designing the details of the system and conducting a detail analysis of the system--both steady and unsteady analyses. Through the detailed design and analyses, it was found that no technical problem or hurdle exist that would otherwise prevent commercial use of the system today. Still, since it is a new technology, it will be prudent and advantageous to run a demonstration project before this technology is used.

  18. PLAY ANALYSIS AND DIGITAL PORTFOLIO OF MAJOR OIL RESERVOIRS IN THE PERMIAN BASIN: APPLICATION AND TRANSFER OF ADVANCED GEOLOGICAL AND ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES FOR INCREMENTAL PRODUCTION OPPORTUNITIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shirley P. Dutton; Eugene M. Kim; Ronald F. Broadhead; Caroline L. Breton; William D. Raatz; Stephen C. Ruppel; Charles Kerans

    2004-05-01

    The Permian Basin of west Texas and southeast New Mexico has produced >30 Bbbl (4.77 x 10{sup 9} m{sup 3}) of oil through 2000, most of it from 1,339 reservoirs having individual cumulative production >1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}). These significant-sized reservoirs are the focus of this report. Thirty-two Permian Basin oil plays were defined, and each of the 1,339 significant-sized reservoirs was assigned to a play. The reservoirs were mapped and compiled in a Geographic Information System (GIS) by play. Associated reservoir information within linked data tables includes Railroad Commission of Texas reservoir number and district (Texas only), official field and reservoir name, year reservoir was discovered, depth to top of the reservoir, production in 2000, and cumulative production through 2000. Some tables also list subplays. Play boundaries were drawn for each play; the boundaries include areas where fields in that play occur but are <1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) of cumulative production. This report contains a summary description of each play, including key reservoir characteristics and successful reservoir-management practices that have been used in the play. The CD accompanying the report contains a pdf version of the report, the GIS project, pdf maps of all plays, and digital data files. Oil production from the reservoirs in the Permian Basin having cumulative production >1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) was 301.4 MMbbl (4.79 x 10{sup 7} m{sup 3}) in 2000. Cumulative Permian Basin production through 2000 from these significant-sized reservoirs was 28.9 Bbbl (4.59 x 10{sup 9} m{sup 3}). The top four plays in cumulative production are the Northwest Shelf San Andres Platform Carbonate play (3.97 Bbbl [6.31 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), the Leonard Restricted Platform Carbonate play (3.30 Bbbl 5.25 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}), the Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian Horseshoe Atoll Carbonate play (2.70 Bbbl [4.29 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), and the San Andres Platform Carbonate play (2.15 Bbbl [3.42 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]).

  19. QER- Comment of Jeff Cobb 2

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Hello, Please also see the letter after my signature at the bottom. I was at the unitization hearing for the Helis Oil planned fracking operation in St. Tammany Parish. I refrained from speaking, because I do not live in St. Tammany. I wish to affirm my support for everything said at that hearing in opposition to the unitization permit, and everything relayed to the Army Corps of Engineers regarding the wetlands permit opposing it. As well as opposition to fracking not only in St Tammany, but anywhere in the world, for the multiple reasons I outline below. Primarily I'm opposed because the Texas Railroad Commission has conducted a study that shows conclusively that water wells located near fracking operations in the Barnett Shale have been contaminated with hyropcarbons that could ONLY have come from the Barnett Shale. Given that the Southern Hills Aquifer is the sole source aquifer for Baton Rouge as well as hundreds of thousands of other people in southeastern Louisiana including much if not all of St Tammany Parish, and the recent Legislative Auditors report showing DNR's regulation of thousands of oil and gas wells is negligent, allowing any drilling in ANY sole source aquifer is an accident waiting to happen, with repercussions lasting centuries. The World Bank is in agreement with other global experts such as PricewaterhouseCoopers that only 20% of the known fossil fuel reserves can be burned (http://blogs.worldbank.org/climatechange/carbon-bubbles-stranded-assets.) This means the remaining 80% of reserves are stranded assets, resulting in a carbon bubble in the investment market. The biggest of the Big Five global accounting firms, PricewaterhouseCoopers agrees with this in their report, 'Too Late for Two Degrees?' (http://www.pwc.co.uk/sustainability-climate-change/publications/low-carb...). ExxonMobil has recognized this carbon bubble risk, and then dismissed it (http://corporate.exxonmobil.com/en/environment/climate-change/managing-c...). Which is like an alcoholic admitting their addiction, and then saying 'but my continued drinking of alcohol is necessary'. Denial is the most seductive whore in the human psyche. All nations in the UN agreed to keep global warming driven mostly by the burning of fossil fuels below 2 degrees C in 2009. We are currently on track for 3-4 degrees C warming, perhaps higher. We have already identified fossil fuel reserves containing 2,795 gigatons of carbon (www.carbontracker.org), while we can only burn 565 gigatons of carbon to stay below the agreed upon 2 degrees C target (https://www.pik-potsdam.de/news/press-releases/archive/2009/on-the-way-t...). As we have five times more identified reserves than we can burn, the search for more is an exercise in futility. Although EPA has conducted two major studies linking well water contamination to fracking in both Pavilion, Wyoming and Dimock, Pennsylvania, this study by the Texas Railroad Commission is the most definitive to date (http://www.earthworksaction.org/media/detail/scientists_fracking_pollute...). Lower level EPA employees were told to discontinue and/or bury the results of those two studies, no doubt because higher level EPA employees were paid by the fossil fuel industry to hide the ugly truth that fossil fuels knew from the beginning. Louisiana already has some of the most polluted water in the US (http://www.nola.com/business/index.ssf/2014/06/louisiana_waterways_among...), as described in "Wasting Our Waterways: Toxic Industrial Pollution and Restoring the Promise of the Clean Water Act" (http://environmentamericacenter.org/sites/environment/files/reports/US_w...). Continued oil and gas activities, and particularly fracking which requires millions of gallons of water, and the 'produced' water that results which is too polluted and poisoned with benzenes, brine, and radioactive materials to be purified, must be stopped ASAP. The entire energy infrastructure for the planet needs to be upgraded to the supergrid and moved to renewables. Needless to say, after the Legislative Auditors Report it is clear that Louisiana can't be

  20. The Rail Alignment Environmental Impact Statement: An Update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. Sweeney

    2005-01-20

    On July 23,2002, the President of the United States signed into law a joint resolution of the United States Congress designating the Yucca Mountain site in Nye County, Nevada, for development as a geologic repository for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. If the US. Nuclear Regulatory Commission authorizes construction of the repository and receipt and possession of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive at Yucca Mountain, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) would be responsible for transporting these materials to the Yucca Mountain repository as part of its obligation under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act. Part of the site recommendation decision included the analysis of a nation-wide shipping campaign to the proposed repository site. The ''Final Environmental Impact Statement for a Geologic Repository for the Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste at Yucca Mountain, Nye County, Nevada'' (February 2002) (Repository EIS) evaluated the potential impacts of the transportation of 70,000 Metric Tons of Heavy Metal spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste from 77 locations around the nation to the potential repository in Nevada over a 24 year shipping campaign. In the Repository EIS, DOE identified mostly rail as its preferred mode of transportation, both nationally and in the State of Nevada. In December 2003, based on public comments and the environmental analyses in the Repository EIS, DOE identified a preference for the Caliente rail corridor in Nevada. On April 8, 2004, DOE issued a Record of Decision (ROD) on the Mode of Transportation and Nevada Rail Corridor for the Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste at Yucca Mountain, Nye County, Nevada. In this ROD, the DOE announced that it had decided to select the mostly rail scenario analyzed in the Repository EIS as the transportation mode both on a national basis and in the State of Nevada. Under the mostly rail scenario, the DOE would rely on a combination of rail, truck and possibly barge to transport to the repository site at Yucca Mountain up to 70,000 MTHM of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste, with most of the spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste being transported by rail. This will ultimately require construction of a rail line in Nevada to the repository. In addition, the DOE has decided to select the Caliente rail corridor in which to examine potential alignments within which to construct that rail line. A corridor is a strip of land, approximately 400 meters (0.25 miles) wide, that encompasses one of several possible routes through which DOE could build a rail line. An alignment is the specific location of a rail line in a corridor, and would likely be 60 meters [200 feet] or less in width. Also on April 8, 2004, DOE issued a Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Alignment, Construction, and Operation of a Rail Line to a Geologic Repository at Yucca Mountain, Nye County, NV. In the Notice of Intent, the Department announced its intent to prepare a Rail Alignment EIS to assist in selecting a possible alignment for construction of a rail line that would connect the repository at Yucca Mountain to an existing main rail line in Nevada. The Rail Alignment EIS also would consider the potential construction and operation of a rail-to-truck intermodal transfer facility, proposed to be located at the confluence of an existing mainline railroad and a highway, to support legal-weight truck transportation until the rail system is fully operational. This corridor is approximately 513 kilometers (319 miles) long and would cost an estimated $880 million (2001 dollars). Should DOE decide to build the Caliente corridor, it may be the longest rail line built in the United States since the Transcontinental Railroad was constructed in 1869. Some of the challenges in building this rail corridor are steep grades (the corridor crosses over 7 mountain ranges), isolated terrain, possible tunnels, and stakeholder acceptance.

  1. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction (E-SMARRT): Precision Casting of Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Von L. Richards

    2011-09-30

    This project addresses improvements in metal casting processes by reducing scrap and reducing the cost of production, due to scrap reduction from investment casting and yield improvement offered by lost foam casting as compared to no-bake or green sand molding. The objectives for the investment casting portion of the subtask are to improve knowledge of fracture toughness of mold shells and the sources of strength limiting flaws and to understand the effects of wax reclamation procedures on wax properties. Applying 'clean steel' approaches to pouring technology and cleanliness in investment casting of steel are anticipated to improve incoming materials inspection procedures as they affect the microstructure and toughness of the shell. This project focused on two areas of study in the production of steel castings to reduce scrap and save energy: (1) Reducing the amount of shell cracking in investment cast steel production; (2) Investigate the potential of lost foam steel casting The basic findings regarding investment casting shell cracking were: (1) In the case of post pouring cracking, this could be related to phase changes in silica upon cooling and could be delayed by pouring arrangement strategies that maintained the shell surface at temperature for longer time. Employing this delay resulted in less adherent oxidation of castings since the casting was cooler at the time o fair exposure. (2) A model for heat transfer through water saturated shell materials under steam pressure was developed. (3) Initial modeling result of autoclave de-waxing indicated the higher pressure and temperature in the autoclave would impose a steeper temperature gradient on the wax pattern, causing some melt flow prior to bulk expansion and decreasing the stress on the green shell. Basic findings regarding lost foam casting of steel at atmospheric pressure: (1) EPS foam generally decomposes by the collapse mode in steel casting. (2) There is an accumulation of carbon pick-up at the end of the casting opposite the gate. (3) It is recommended that lost foam castings in steel be gated for a quiescent fill in an empty cavity mold to prevent foam occlusion defects from the collapse mode. The energy benefit is primarily in yield savings and lower casting weight per function due to elimination of draft and parting lines for the larger lost foam castings. For the smaller investment casting, scrap losses due to shell cracking will be reduced. Both of these effects will reduce the metal melted per good ton of castings. There will also be less machine stock required per casting which is a yield savings and a small additional energy savings in machining. Downstream savings will come from heavy truck and railroad applications. Application of these processes to heavy truck castings will lighten the heavy truck fleet by about ten pounds per truck. Using ten years to achieve full penetration of the truck fleet at linear rate this will result in a fuel savings of 131 trillion BTU over ten years.

  2. FEED SYSTEM INNOVATION FOR GASIFICATION OF LOCALLY ECONOMICAL ALTERNATIVE FUELS (FIGLEAF)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael L. Swanson; Mark A. Musich; Darren D. Schmidt; Joseph K. Schultz

    2003-02-01

    The Feed System Innovation for Gasification of Locally Economical Alternative Fuels (FIGLEAF) project was conducted by the Energy & Environmental Research Center and Gasification Engineering Corporation of Houston, Texas (a subsidiary of Global Energy Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio), with 80% cofunding from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The goal of the project was to identify and evaluate low-value fuels that could serve as alternative feedstocks and to develop a feed system to facilitate their use in integrated gasification combined-cycle and gasification coproduction facilities. The long-term goal, to be accomplished in a subsequent project, is to install a feed system for the selected fuel(s) at Global Energy's commercial-scale 262-MW Wabash River Coal Gasification Facility in West Terre Haute, Indiana. The feasibility study undertaken for the project consisted of identifying and evaluating the economic feasibility of potential fuel sources, developing a feed system design capable of providing a fuel at 400 psig to the second stage of the E-Gas (Destec) gasifier to be cogasified with coal, performing bench- and pilot-scale testing to verify concepts and clarify decision-based options, reviewing information on high-pressure feed system designs, and determining the economics of cofeeding alternative feedstocks with the conceptual feed system design. A preliminary assessment of feedstock availability within Indiana and Illinois was conducted. Feedstocks evaluated included those with potential tipping fees to offset processing cost: sewage sludge, municipal solid waste, used railroad ties, urban wood waste (UWW), and used tires/tire-derived fuel. Agricultural residues and dedicated energy crop fuels were not considered since they would have a net positive cost to the plant. Based on the feedstock assessment, sewage sludge was selected as the primary feedstock for consideration at the Wabash River Plant. Because of the limited waste heat available for drying and the ability of the gasifier to operate with alternative feedstocks at up to 80% moisture, a decision was made to investigate a pumping system for delivering the as-received fuel across the pressure boundary into the second stage of the gasifier. A high-pressure feed pump and fuel dispersion nozzles were tested for their ability to cross the pressure boundary and adequately disperse the sludge into the second stage of the gasifier. These results suggest that it is technically feasible to get the sludge dispersed to an appropriate size into the second stage of the gasifier although the recycle syngas pressure needed to disperse the sludge would be higher than originally desired. A preliminary design was prepared for a sludge-receiving, storage, and high-pressure feeding system at the Wabash River Plant. The installed capital costs were estimated at approximately $9.7 million, within an accuracy of {+-}10%. An economic analysis using DOE's IGCC Model, Version 3 spreadsheet indicates that in order to justify the additional capital cost of the system, Global Energy would have to receive a tipping fee of $12.40 per wet ton of municipal sludge delivered. This is based on operation with petroleum coke as the primary fuel. Similarly, with coal as the primary fuel, a minimum tipping of $16.70 would be required. The availability of delivered sludge from Indianapolis, Indiana, in this tipping-fee range is unlikely; however, given the higher treatment costs associated with sludge treatment in Chicago, Illinois, delivery of sludge from Chicago, given adequate rail access, might be economically viable.

  3. Constraint-Based Routing Models for the Transport of Radioactive Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, Steven K

    2015-01-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has a historic programmatic interest in the safe and secure routing, tracking, and transportation risk analysis of radiological materials in the United States. In order to address these program goals, DOE has funded the development of several tools and related systems designed to provide insight to planners and other professionals handling radioactive materials shipments. These systems include the WebTRAGIS (Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System) platform. WebTRAGIS is a browser-based routing application developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) focused primarily on the safe transport of spent nuclear fuel from US nuclear reactors via railway, highway, or waterway. It is also used for the transport planning of low-level radiological waste to depositories such as the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) facility. One particular feature of WebTRAGIS is its coupling with high-resolution population data from ORNL s LandScan project. This allows users to obtain highly accurate population count and density information for use in route planning and risk analysis. To perform the routing and risk analysis WebTRAGIS incorporates a basic routing model methodology, with the additional application of various constraints designed to mimic US Department of Transportation (DOT), DOE, and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulations. Aside from the routing models available in WebTRAGIS, the system relies on detailed or specialized modal networks for the route solutions. These include a highly detailed network model of the US railroad system, the inland and coastal waterways, and a specialized highway network that focuses on the US interstate system and the designated hazardous materials and Highway Route Controlled Quantity (HRCQ) -designated roadways. The route constraints in WebTRAGIS rely upon a series of attributes assigned to the various components of the different modal networks. Routes are determined via a constrained shortest-path Dijkstra algorithm that has an assigned impedance factor. The route constraints modify the various impedance weights to bias or prefer particular network characteristics as desired by the user. Both the basic route model and the constrained impedance function calculations are determined by a series of network characteristics and shipment types. The study examines solutions under various constraints modeled by WebTRAGIS including possible routes from select shut-down reactor sites in the US to specific locations in the US. For purposes of illustration, the designated destinations are Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee and the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. To the degree that routes express sameness or variety under constraints serves to illustrate either a) the determinism of particular transport modes by either configuration or regulatory compliance, and/or b) the variety of constrained routes that are regulation compliant but may not be operationally feasible.

  4. Preliminary Evaluation of Removing Used Nuclear Fuel from Shutdown Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maheras, Steven J.; Best, Ralph E.; Ross, Steven B.; Buxton, Kenneth A.; England, Jeffery L.; McConnell, Paul E.; Massaro, Lawrence M.; Jensen, Philip J.

    2014-10-01

    This report presents a preliminary evaluation of removing used nuclear fuel (UNF) from 12 shutdown nuclear power plant sites. At these shutdown sites the nuclear power reactors have been permanently shut down and the sites have been decommissioned or are undergoing decommissioning. The shutdown sites are Maine Yankee, Yankee Rowe, Connecticut Yankee, Humboldt Bay, Big Rock Point, Rancho Seco, Trojan, La Crosse, Zion, Crystal River, Kewaunee, and San Onofre. The evaluation was divided into four components: characterization of the UNF and greater-than-Class C low-level radioactive waste (GTCC waste) inventory; a description of the on-site infrastructure and conditions relevant to transportation of UNF and GTCC waste; an evaluation of the near-site transportation infrastructure and experience relevant to shipping transportation casks containing UNF and GTCC waste, including identification of gaps in information; and, an evaluation of the actions necessary to prepare for and remove UNF and GTCC waste. The primary sources for the inventory of UNF and GTCC waste are the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) RW-859 used nuclear fuel inventory database, industry sources such as StoreFUEL and SpentFUEL, and government sources such as the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The primary sources for information on the conditions of site and near-site transportation infrastructure and experience included observations and information collected during visits to the Maine Yankee, Yankee Rowe, Connecticut Yankee, Humboldt Bay, Big Rock Point, Rancho Seco, Trojan, La Crosse, and Zion sites; information provided by managers at the shutdown sites; Facility Interface Data Sheets compiled for DOE in 2005; Services Planning Documents prepared for DOE in 1993 and 1994; industry publications such as Radwaste Solutions; and Google Earth. State and Regional Group representatives, a Tribal representative, and a Federal Railroad Administration representative participated in six of the shutdown site visits. Every site was found to have at least one off-site transportation mode option for removing its UNF and GTCC waste; some have multiple options. Experience removing large components during reactor decommissioning provided an important source of information used to identify the transportation mode options for the sites. Especially important in conducting the evaluation were site visits, through which information was obtained that would not have been available otherwise. Extensive photographs taken during the site visits proved to be particularly useful in documenting the current conditions at or near the sites. Additional conclusions from this evaluation include: The 12 shutdown sites use designs from 4 different suppliers involving 9 different (horizontal and vertical) dry storage systems that would require the use of 8 different transportation cask designs to remove the UNF and GTCC waste from the shutdown sites; Although there are common aspects, each site has some unique features and/or conditions; Although some regulatory actions will be required, all UNF at the initial 9 shutdown sites (Maine Yankee, Yankee Rowe, Connecticut Yankee, Humboldt Bay, Big Rock Point, Rancho Seco, Trojan, La Crosse, and Zion) is in licensed systems that can be transported, including a small amount of high-burnup fuel; Each site indicated that 2-3 years of advance time would be required for its preparations before shipments could begin; Most sites have more than one transportation option, e.g., rail, barge, or heavy haul truck, as well as constraints and preferences. It is expected that additional site visits will be conducted to add to the information presented in the evaluation.

  5. FEED SYSTEM INNOVATION FOR GASIFICATION OF LOCALLY ECONOMICAL ALTERNATIVE FUELS (FIGLEAF)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael L. Swanson; Mark A. Musich; Darren D. Schmidt

    2001-11-01

    The Feed System Innovation for Gasification of Locally Economical Alternative Fuels (FIGLEAF) project is being conducted by the Energy and Environmental Research Center and Gasification Engineering Corporation of Houston, Texas (a subsidiary of Global Energy Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio), with 80% cofunding from the U.S. Department of Energy. The goal of the project is to identify and evaluate low-value fuels that could serve as alternative feedstocks and to develop a feed system to facilitate their use in integrated gasification combined cycle and gasification coproduction facilities. The long-term goal, to be accomplished in a subsequent project, is to install a feed system for the selected fuels at Global Energy's commercial-scale 262-MW Wabash River Coal Gasification Facility in West Terre Haute, Indiana. The feasibility study undertaken for the project consists of identifying and evaluating the economic feasibility of potential fuel sources, developing a feed system design capable of providing a fuel at 400 psig to the second stage of the E-Gas (Destec) gasifier to be cogasified with coal at up to 30% on a Btu basis, performing bench- and pilot-scale testing to verify concepts and clarify decision-based options, reviewing prior art with respect to high-pressure feed system designs, and determining the economics of cofeeding alternative feedstocks with the conceptual feed system design. Activities and results thus far include the following. Several potential alternative fuels have been obtained for evaluation and testing as potential feedstocks, including sewage sludge, used railroad ties, urban wood waste, municipal solid waste, and used waste tires/tire-derived fuel. Only fuels with potential tipping fees were considered; potential energy crop fuels were not considered since they would have a net positive cost to the plant. Based on the feedstock assessment, sewage sludge has been selected as one of the primary feedstocks for consideration at the Wabash plant. Because of the limited waste heat available for drying and the ability of the gasifier to operate with alternative feedstocks at up to 80% moisture, a decision was made to investigate a pumping system for delivering the as-received fuel across the pressure boundary. High-temperature drop-tube furnace tests were conducted to determine if explosive fragmentation of high-moisture sludge droplets could be expected, but showed that these droplets underwent a shrinking and densification process that implies that the sludge will have to be well dispersed when injected into the gasifier. Fuel dispersion nozzles have been obtained for measuring how well the sludge can be dispersed in the second stage of the gasifier. Future work will include leasing a Schwing America pump to test pumping sewage sludge against 400 psig. In addition, sludge dispersion testing will be completed using two different dispersion nozzles to determine their ability to generate sludge particles small enough to be entrained out of the E-Gas entrained-flow gasifier.