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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Inference of Cloud Optical Depth from Aircraft-Based Solar Radiometric Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is introduced for inferring cloud optical depth ? from solar radiometric measurements made on an aircraft at altitude z. It is assessed using simulated radiometric measurements produced by a 3D Monte Carlo algorithm acting on fields of ...

H. W. Barker; A. Marshak; W. Szyrmer; J-P. Blanchet; A. Trishchenko; Z. Li

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Inferring Optical Depth of Broken Clouds above Green Vegetation Using Surface Solar Radiometric Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for inferring cloud optical depth ? is introduced and assessed using simulated surface radiometric measurements produced by a Monte Carlo algorithm acting on fields of broken, single-layer, boundary layer clouds derived from Landsat ...

Howard W. Barker; Alexander Marshak

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Determination of Cloud Liquid Water Distribution by Inversion of Radiometric Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is described whereby the distribution of liquid water through a cross section of a cloud may be determined from radiometric data. It involves the scanning of the cloud by a pair of ground-based centimeter wave radiometers and measuring ...

J. Warner; J. F. Drake; P. R. Krehbiel

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Dynamic properties of a radiometric monitoring system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On-line radiometric monitors (nuclear meters) have been in use in the industry for many years. They have been utilised for coal quality monitoring, in the control systems for coal blending, or for separating coals in the heavy media separation process. ... Keywords: adaptive monitor, nuclear meter dynamics, stochastic signal, stochastic signal filtration

Stanislaw Cierpisz

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Identification of Small Ice Cloud Particles Using Passive Radiometric Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is currently significant uncertainty about the extent to which cirrus clouds are composed of “small” ice crystals smaller than about 20-?m effective radius. This is due in part to concerns that in situ measurements from aircraft are plagued ...

Steven J. Cooper; Timothy J. Garrett

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Cloud Properties Working Group Low Clouds Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud Properties Working Group Cloud Properties Working Group Low Clouds Update Low Clouds Update Jennifer Comstock Jennifer Comstock Dave Turner Dave Turner Andy Andy Vogelmann Vogelmann Instruments Instruments 90/150 GHz microwave radiometer 90/150 GHz microwave radiometer Deployed during COPS AMF Deployed during COPS AMF Exploring calibration w/ DPR ( Exploring calibration w/ DPR ( Crewell Crewell & & L L ö ö hnert hnert ) ) See COPS Breakout, Wednesday evening See COPS Breakout, Wednesday evening 183 GHz (GVR) deployed at the NSA 183 GHz (GVR) deployed at the NSA Neural network algorithm to retrieve PWV & LWP (Maria Neural network algorithm to retrieve PWV & LWP (Maria Cadeddu Cadeddu ) ) Potential VAP candidate (RPWG) Potential VAP candidate (RPWG)

7

Zenith Radiance Retrieval of Cloud Properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

retrievals of cloud properties retrievals of cloud properties from the AMF/COPS campaign Preliminary retrievals of cloud properties from the AMF/COPS campaign Christine Chiu, UMBC/JCET Alexander Marshak, GSFC Yuri Knyazikhin, Boston University Warren Wiscombe, GSFC Christine Chiu, UMBC/JCET Alexander Marshak, GSFC Yuri Knyazikhin, Boston University Warren Wiscombe, GSFC The cloud optical properties of interest are: The cloud optical properties of interest are: * Cloud optical depth Ď„ - the great unknown * Radiative cloud fraction * Cloud effective drop size, r eff * Cloud optical depth Ď„ - the great unknown * Radiative cloud fraction * Cloud effective drop size, r eff Ď„ = 3 2 LWP r eff r eff in ÎĽm, LWP in g/m 2 The 2-ch narrow-field-of-view radiometer (2NFOV) The 2-ch narrow-field-of-view radiometer

8

Cirrus Cloud Properties from a Cloud-Resolving Model Simulation Compared to Cloud Radar Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud radar data collected at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Southern Great Plains site were used to evaluate the properties of cirrus clouds that occurred in a cloud-resolving model (CRM) simulation of the 29-day summer ...

Yali Luo; Steven K. Krueger; Gerald G. Mace; Kuan-Man Xu

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Cumulus Cloud Properties Derived Using Landsat Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS) digital data are used to remotely sense cumulus cloud properties such as cloud fraction and cloud reflectance, along with the distribution of cloud number and cloud fraction as a function of cloud size. The ...

Bruce A. Wielicki; Ronald M. Welch

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

A Comparison of Several Radiometric Methods of Deducing Path-Integrated Cloud Liquid Water  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using radiometer data collected during the Canadian Atlantic Storms Program, we have investigated five different methods of estimating the path-integrated, or columnar, cloud liquid water. The methods consist of one- and two-channel physical ...

Chong Wei; H. G. Leighton; R. R. Rogers

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Microphysical Properties of Single and Mixed-Phase Arctic Clouds...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abstract A novel new approach to retrieve cloud microphysical properties from mixed-phase clouds is presented. This algorithm retrieves cloud optical depth, ice fraction, and...

12

Cloud properties derived from the High Spectral Resolution Lidar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud properties derived from the High Spectral Resolution Lidar during MPACE Eloranta, Edwin University of Wisconsin Category: Field Campaigns Cloud properties were derived from...

13

Modeling of Submillimeter Passive Remote Sensing of Cirrus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scattering properties of cirrus clouds at submillimeter-wave frequencies are analyzed and characterized in this paper. This study lays a theoretical foundation for using radiometric measurements to investigate and monitor cirrus properties ...

K. Franklin Evans; Steven J. Walter; Andrew J. Heymsfield; Merritt N. Deeter

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storm Peak Lab Cloud Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment (STORMVEX) Operated by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility for the U.S. Department of Energy, the second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2) begins its inaugural deployment November 2010 in Steamboat Springs, Colorado, for the Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment, or STORMVEX. For six months, the comprehensive suite of AMF2 instruments will obtain measurements of cloud and aerosol properties at various sites below the heavily instrumented Storm Peak Lab, located on Mount Werner at an elevation of 3220 meters. The correlative data sets that will be created from AMF2 and Storm Peak Lab will equate to between 200 and 300 in situ aircraft flight hours in liquid, mixed phase, and precipitating

15

Postlaunch Radiometric Validation of the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) Proto-Flight Model on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Spacecraft through 1999  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Each Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) instrument contains three scanning thermistor bolometer radiometric channels. These channels measure broadband radiances in the shortwave (0.3–5.0 ?m), total (0.3–>100 ?m), and water vapor ...

Kory J. Priestley; Bruce R. Barkstrom; Robert B. Lee III; Richard N. Green; Susan Thomas; Robert S. Wilson; Peter L. Spence; Jack Paden; D. K. Pandey; Aiman Al-Hajjah

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

MODIS Cloud-Top Property Refinements for Collection 6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the Collection-6 refinements in the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) operational cloud-top properties algorithm. The focus is on calibration improvements and on cloud macrophysical properties including ...

Bryan A. Baum; W. Paul Menzel; Richard A. Frey; David C. Tobin; Robert E. Holz; Steve A. Ackerman; Andrew K. Heidinger; Ping Yang

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Relating Satellite-Observed Cloud Properties from MODIS to Meteorological Conditions for Marine Boundary Layer Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines 6 yr of cloud properties observed by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on board the NASA Terra satellite in five prominent marine boundary layer (MBL) cloud regions (California, Peru, Canary, Angola, ...

Guang J. Zhang; Andrew M. Vogelmann; Michael P. Jensen; William D. Collins; Edward P. Luke

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

The Retrieval of Ice-Cloud Properties from Cloud Radar and Lidar Synergy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds are an important component of the earth’s climate system. A better description of their microphysical properties is needed to improve radiative transfer calculations. In the framework of the Earth, Clouds, Aerosols, and Radiation Explorer (...

Claire Tinel; Jacques Testud; Jacques Pelon; Robin J. Hogan; Alain Protat; Julien Delanoë; Dominique Bouniol

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

A Summary of the Physical Properties of Cirrus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A review of existing literature is made to determine typical values for the physical properties cirrus clouds. The properties examined (with typical values and measured ranges) are cloud-center altitude (9 km, 4 to 20 km), cloud thickness (1.5 km,...

David R. Dowling; Lawrence F. Radke

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Cloud Properties inferred from 8?12-µm Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A trispectral combination of observations at 8-, 11-, and 12-µm bands is suggested for detecting cloud and cloud properties in the infrared. Atmospheric ice and water vapor absorption peak in opposite halves of the window region so that positive ...

Kathleen I. Strabala; Steven A. Ackerman; W. Paul Menzel

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Statistics of Cloud Optical Properties from Airborne Lidar Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate knowledge of cloud optical properties, such as extinction-to-backscatter ratio and depolarization ratio, can have a significant impact on the quality of cloud extinction retrievals from lidar systems because parameterizations of these ...

John E. Yorks; Dennis L. Hlavka; William D. Hart; Matthew J. McGill

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Computing and Partitioning Cloud Feedbacks Using Cloud Property Histograms. Part I: Cloud Radiative Kernels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study proposes a novel technique for computing cloud feedbacks using histograms of cloud fraction as a joint function of cloud-top pressure (CTP) and optical depth (?). These histograms were generated by the International Satellite Cloud ...

Mark D. Zelinka; Stephen A. Klein; Dennis L. Hartmann

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Posters Cloud Microphysical and Radiative Properties Measured  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Posters Cloud Microphysical and Radiative Properties Measured by Combined Lidar, Radar, and Infrared Radiometer W. L. Eberhard and J. M. Intrieri National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado K. P. Chan and G. Feingold Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences Boulder, Colorado also an order of magnitude smaller. These features make simple approximations in scattering calculations adequate for some applications, e.g., Eberhard (1993a). They also provide some unique capabilities, especially the technique described below for measuring drop sizes. One of the four IDP tasks is to characterize cloud signatures obtained by CO 2 lidar. For instance, our earlier work discovered that depolarization from ice particles was almost

24

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Cloud Property...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud Property Retrievals using AIRS data during MPACE Huang, Allen University of Wisconsin Li, Jun University of Wisconsin-Madison Baggett, Kevin University of Wisconsin-Madison...

25

Study of ice cloud properties using infrared spectral data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The research presented in this thesis involves the study of ice cloud microphysical and optical properties using both hyperspectral and narrowband infrared spectral data. First, ice cloud models are developed for the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) instrument onboard the METOP-A satellite, which provide the bulk-scattering properties of these clouds for the 8461 IASI channels between 645 and 2760 cm-1. We investigate the sensitivity of simulated brightness temperatures in this spectral region to the bulk-scattering properties of ice clouds containing individual ice crystal habits as well as for one habit distribution. The second part of this thesis describes an algorithm developed to analyze the sensitivity of simulated brightness temperatures at 8.5 and 11.0 µm to changes in effective cloud temperature by adjusting cloud top height and geometric thickness in a standard tropical atmosphere. Applicability of using these channels in a bi-spectral approach to retrieve cirrus cloud effective particle size and optical thickness is assessed. Finally, the algorithm is applied to the retrieval of these ice cloud properties for a case of single-layered cirrus cloud over a tropical ocean surface using measurements from the Moderate Resolution Infrared Spectroradiometer (MODIS). Cloud top height and geometric thickness in the profile are adjusted to assess the influence of effective cloud temperature on the retrieval.

Garrett, Kevin James

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Relating Cirrus Cloud Properties to Observed Fluxes: A Critical Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accuracy needed in cirrus cloud scattering and microphysical properties is quantified such that the radiative effect on climate can he determined. Our ability to compute and observe these properties to within needed accuracies is assessed, ...

A. M. Vogelmann; T. P. Ackerman

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Radar and Radiation Properties of Ice Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors derive relations of the equivalent radar reflectivity Ze and extinction coefficient ? of ice clouds and confirm the theory by in situ aircraft observations during the First International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project Regional ...

David Atlas; Sergey Y. Matrosov; Andrew J. Heymsfield; Ming-Dah Chou; David B. Wolff

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Radiosonde observations at Pt. Reyes and cloud properties retrieved from  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiosonde observations at Pt. Reyes and cloud properties retrieved from Radiosonde observations at Pt. Reyes and cloud properties retrieved from GOES-WEST Inoue, Toshiro MRI/JMA Category: Field Campaigns Low-level cloud formed off the west coast of continents plays an important role in general circulation and climate. Marine Stratus Radiation Aerosol and Drizzle (MASRAD) was conducted at the ARM mobile site deployed at Pt Reyes, California during April to September. Here, we studied the relationship between meteorological parameters observed by GPS sonde and cloud properties observed from GOES-WEST during the MASRAD intensive operational period. Cloud properties are retrieved from VISST (Visible Infrared Solar-infrared Split window Technique). The vertical profile of stability, relative humidity (RH) and wind speed observed by GPS sonde are

29

Global, Seasonal Cloud Variations from Satellite Radiance Measurements. Part II. Cloud Properties and Radiative Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global, daily, visible and infrared radiance measurements from the NOAA-5 Scanning Radiometer (SR) are analyzed for the months of January, April, July and October 1977 to infer cloud and surface radiative properties and their effects on the Earth ...

William B. Rossow; Andrew A. Lacis

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Cloud Properties Working Group Break Out Session  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(Kollias; Albecht) Q2: Growth of ice crystals in different environments: Ice initiation, ice growth regimes, precipitation formation, mixed-phase cloud lifecycle. (Korolev) Q3:...

31

Cloud Scavenging Effects on Aerosol Radiative and Cloud-nucleating Properties - Final Technical Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The optical properties of aerosol particles are the controlling factors in determining direct aerosol radiative forcing. These optical properties depend on the chemical composition and size distribution of the aerosol particles, which can change due to various processes during the particles’ lifetime in the atmosphere. Over the course of this project we have studied how cloud processing of atmospheric aerosol changes the aerosol optical properties. A counterflow virtual impactor was used to separate cloud drops from interstitial aerosol and parallel aerosol systems were used to measure the optical properties of the interstitial and cloud-scavenged aerosol. Specifically, aerosol light scattering, back-scattering and absorption were measured and used to derive radiatively significant parameters such as aerosol single scattering albedo and backscatter fraction for cloud-scavenged and interstitial aerosol. This data allows us to demonstrate that the radiative properties of cloud-processed aerosol can be quite different than pre-cloud aerosol. These differences can be used to improve the parameterization of aerosol forcing in climate models.

Ogren, John A.; Sheridan, Patrick S.; Andrews, Elisabeth

2009-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

32

Satellite Determination of Stratus Cloud Microphysical Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite measurements of liquid water path from SSM/I, broadband albedo from ERBE, and cloud characteristics from ISCCP are used to study stratus regions. An average cloud liquid water path of 0.120 ± 0.032 kg m?2 is derived by dividing the ...

Paquita Zuidema; Dennis L. Hartmann

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Effects of Cloud Optical Property Feedbacks on the Greenhouse Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud optical properties, in particular the optical thickness, affect the earth-atmosphere radiation budget, and their potential changes associated with climate changes may induce feedback effect. A one-dimensional radiative-forcing model was ...

Gyula Molnar; Wei-Chyung Wang

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

What Controls Stratocumulus Radiative Properties? Lagrangian Observations of Cloud Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Marine stratocumulus clouds have a large impact on the earth’s radiation budget. Their optical properties vary on two distinct timescales, one associated with the diurnal cycle of solar insolation and another with the downstream transition to ...

Robert Pincus; Marcia B. Baker; Christopher S. Bretherton

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

The Composite Characteristics of Cirrus Clouds: Bulk Properties Revealed by One Year of Continuous Cloud Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The properties of midlatitude cirrus clouds are examined using one year of continuous vertically pointing millimeter-wave cloud radar data collected at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Southern Great Plains site in Oklahoma. The goal ...

Gerald G. Mace; Eugene E. Clothiaux; Thomas P. Ackerman

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

In Situ Observations of the Microphysical Properties of Wave, Cirrus, and Anvil Clouds. Part I: Wave Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The microphysical properties of wave clouds based on data collected during 17 missions flown by a Learjet research aircraft are presented and discussed. This extensive dataset expands upon previous aircraft studies of wave clouds and introduces ...

Brad A. Baker; R. Paul Lawson

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Using MSG-SEVIRI Cloud Physical Properties and Weather Radar Observations for the Detection of Cb/TCu Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new automated daytime cumulonimbus/towering cumulus (Cb/TCu) cloud detection method for the months of May–September is presented that combines information on cloud physical properties retrieved from the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared ...

Cintia Carbajal Henken; Maurice J. Schmeits; Hartwig Deneke; Rob A. Roebeling

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Measuring Cloud Properties from Space: A Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A brief review of observations of clouds using satellites highlights open issues and directions for future studies. The key one is improved treatment of the effects of small-scale spatial inhomogeneity in remote sensing data analyses and in the ...

William B. Rossow

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

In Situ Observations of Cirrus Cloud Microphysical Properties Using the Counterflow Virtual Impactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents a new technique for making in situ measurements of cirrus cloud microphysical properties. Sampling of cirrus clouds was performed using a counterflow virtual impactor (CVI). The CVI was used to sample cloud elements larger ...

K. B. Noone; K. J. Noone; J. Heintzenberg; J. Ström; J. A. Ogren

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Aircraft Observations of Sub-cloud Aerosol and Convective Cloud Physical Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research focuses on aircraft observational studies of aerosol-cloud interactions in cumulus clouds. The data were collected in the summer of 2004, the spring of 2007 and the mid-winter and spring of 2008 in Texas, central Saudi Arabia and Istanbul, Turkey, respectively. A set of 24 pairs of sub-cloud aerosol and cloud penetration data are analyzed. Measurements of fine and coarse mode aerosol concentrations from 3 different instruments were combined and fitted with lognormal distributions. The fit parameters of the lognormal distributions are compared with cloud droplet effective radii retrieved from 260 cloud penetrations. Cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) measurements for a subset of 10 cases from the Istanbul region are compared with concentrations predicted from aerosol size distributions. Ammonium sulfate was assumed to represent the soluble component of aerosol with dry sizes smaller than 0.5 mm and sodium chloride for aerosol larger than 0.5 mm. The measured CCN spectrum was used to estimate the soluble fraction. The correlations of the measured CCN concentration with the predicted CCN concentration were strong (R2 > 0.89) for supersaturations of 0.2, 0.3 and 0.6%. The measured concentrations were typically consistent with an aerosol having a soluble fraction between roughly 0.5 and 1.0, suggesting a contribution of sulfate or some other similarly soluble inorganic compound. The predicted CCN were found to vary by +or-3.7% when the soluble fraction was varied by 0.1. Cumulative aerosol concentrations at cutoff dry diameters of 1.1, 0.1 and 0.06 mm were found to be correlated with cloud condensation nuclei concentrations but not with maximum cloud base droplet concentrations. It is also shown that in some cases the predominant mechanisms involved in the formation of precipitation were altered and modified by the aerosol properties. This study suggests that CCN-forced variations in cloud droplet number concentration can change the effective radius profile and the type of precipitation hydrometeors. These differences may have a major impact on the global hydrological cycle and energy budget.

Axisa, Duncan

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

ARM - Field Campaign - Colorado: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsColorado: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation govCampaignsColorado: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment (STORMVEX) Campaign Links STORMVEX Website Related Campaigns Colorado: CFH/CMH Deployment to StormVEx 2011.02.01, Mace, AMF Colorado: SP2 Deployment at StormVEx 2010.11.15, Sedlacek, AMF Colorado : Cavity Attenuated Phase Shift 2010.11.15, Massoli, AMF Colorado: Infrared Thermometer (IRT) 2010.11.15, Mace, AMF Colorado: StormVEX Aerosol Size Distribution 2010.11.15, Hallar, AMF Colorado: Direct Measurements of Snowfall 2010.11.15, McCubbin, AMF Colorado: Thunderhead Radiative Flux Analysis Campaign 2010.11.15, Long, AMF Colorado: Ice Nuclei and Cloud Condensation Nuclei Characterization 2010.11.15, Cziczo, AMF Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA.

42

Impact of Ice Crystal Roughness on Satellite Retrieved Cloud Properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ice Crystal Roughness on Satellite Retrieved Cloud Properties Ice Crystal Roughness on Satellite Retrieved Cloud Properties P. Minnis 1 , P. W. Heck 2 , R. F. Arduini 3 , R. Palikonda 3 , J. K. Ayers 3 , M. M. Khaiyer 3 , P. Yang 4 , Y. Xie 4 3 Science Systems & Applications, Inc. Hampton, VA 1 NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA Current Cirrus Models Inadequate Cirrus cloud optical depths Ď„ (heights z e ) are often over (under) estimated when derived from solar reflectances. In situ data suggest smaller asymmetry factors, g, than used in most retrieval models. Multi-angle measurements point to smoother phase functions than for solid, smooth xtals. Calculations show that solid crystals with roughened facets or embedded bubbles --both observed in real cirrus particles-- yield smoother phase functions & smaller g

43

Correlated k-Distribution Treatment of Cloud Optical Properties and Related Radiative Impact  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new scheme of water cloud optical properties is proposed for correlated k-distribution (CKD) models, in which the correlation in spectral distributions between the gaseous absorption coefficient and cloud optical properties is maintained. This ...

Peng Lu; Hua Zhang; Jiangnan Li

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

A Characterization of Cirrus Cloud Properties That Affect Laser Propagation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future high-altitude laser systems may be affected by cirrus clouds. Laser transmission models were applied to measured and retrieved cirrus properties to determine cirrus impact on power incident on a target or receiver. A major goal was to see ...

Donald C. Norquist; Paul R. Desrochers; Patrick J. McNicholl; John R. Roadcap

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Posters Ship-Based Measurements of Cloud Optical Properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Posters Ship-Based Measurements of Cloud Optical Properties During the Atlantic Stratocumulus Transition Experiment A. B. White Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado at Boulder National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, Colorado C. W. Fairall National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Research Laboratories Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Introduction The Atlantic Stratocumulus Transition Experiment (ASTEX), conducted in June 1992, was designed with the broad goal of improving the dynamical, radiative, and microphysical models of marine boundary layer (MBL) clouds. This goal was pursued by combining measurements from a number of different platforms including aircraft,

46

An Estimate of Low-Cloud Feedbacks from Variations of Cloud Radiative and Physical Properties with Sea Surface Temperature on Interannual Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulations of climate change have yet to reach a consensus on the sign and magnitude of the changes in physical properties of marine boundary layer clouds. In this study, the authors analyze how cloud and radiative properties vary with SST ...

Zachary A. Eitzen; Kuan-Man Xu; Takmeng Wong

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Determination of the Radiative Properties of Stratiform Clouds from a Nadir-Looking 95-GHz Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several space agencies are presently considering missions with active instruments (radar, lidar), which are able to document cloud stratification and cloud microphysical properties on the global scale. The objective of this paper is to develop an ...

A. Guyot; J. Testud; T. P. Ackerman

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

High and Dry: New Observations of Tropospheric and Cloud Properties above the Greenland Ice Sheet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud and atmospheric properties strongly influence the mass and energy budgets of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS). To address critical gaps in the understanding of these systems, a new suite of cloud- and atmosphere-observing instruments has been installed ...

Matthew D. Shupe; David D. Turner; Von P. Walden; Ralf Bennartz; Maria P. Cadeddu; Benjamin B. Castellani; Christopher J. Cox; David R. Hudak; Mark S. Kulie; Nathaniel B. Miller; Ryan R. Neely; III; William D. Neff; Penny M. Rowe

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Seasonal Variation of the Physical Properties of Marine Boundary Layer Clouds off the California Coast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Marine boundary layer (MBL) clouds can significantly regulate the sensitivity of climate models, yet they are currently poorly simulated. This study aims to characterize the seasonal variations of physical properties of these clouds and their ...

Wuyin Lin; Minghua Zhang; Norman G. Loeb

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

MASSES, RADII, AND CLOUD PROPERTIES OF THE HR 8799 PLANETS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The near-infrared colors of the planets directly imaged around the A star HR 8799 are much redder than most field brown dwarfs of the same effective temperature. Previous theoretical studies of these objects have concluded that the atmospheres of planets b, c, and d are unusually cloudy or have unusual cloud properties. Some studies have also found that the inferred radii of some or all of the planets disagree with expectations of standard giant planet evolution models. Here, we compare the available data to the predictions of our own set of atmospheric and evolution models that have been extensively tested against observations of field L and T dwarfs, including the reddest L dwarfs. Unlike some previous studies, we require mutually consistent choices for effective temperature, gravity, cloud properties, and planetary radius. This procedure thus yields plausible values for the masses, effective temperatures, and cloud properties of all three planets. We find that the cloud properties of the HR 8799 planets are not unusual but rather follow previously recognized trends, including a gravity dependence on the temperature of the L to T spectral transition-some reasons for which we discuss. We find that the inferred mass of planet b is highly sensitive to whether or not we include the H- and the K-band spectrum in our analysis. Solutions for planets c and d are consistent with the generally accepted constraints on the age of the primary star and orbital dynamics. We also confirm that, like in L and T dwarfs and solar system giant planets, non-equilibrium chemistry driven by atmospheric mixing is also important for these objects. Given the preponderance of data suggesting that the L to T spectral type transition is gravity dependent, we present an exploratory evolution calculation that accounts for this effect. Finally we recompute the bolometric luminosity of all three planets.

Marley, Mark S. [NASA Ames Research Center, MS-245-3, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Saumon, Didier [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mail Stop F663, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Cushing, Michael [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Toledo, 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH 43606 (United States); Ackerman, Andrew S. [NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, 2880 Broadway, New York, NY 10025 (United States); Fortney, Jonathan J. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Freedman, Richard, E-mail: Mark.S.Marley@NASA.gov, E-mail: dsaumon@lanl.gov, E-mail: michael.cushing@utoledo.edu, E-mail: andrew.ackerman@nasa.gov, E-mail: jfortney@ucolick.org, E-mail: freedman@darkstar.arc.nasa.gov [SETI Institute and NASA Ames Research Center, MS-245-3, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

ARM - PI Product - Cloud Properties and Radiative Heating Rates for TWP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsCloud Properties and Radiative Heating Rates for ProductsCloud Properties and Radiative Heating Rates for TWP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : Cloud Properties and Radiative Heating Rates for TWP 2002.01.01 - 2012.02.08 Site(s) TWP General Description A cloud properties and radiative heating rates dataset is presented where cloud properties retrieved using lidar and radar observations are input into a radiative transfer model to compute radiative fluxes and heating rates at three ARM sites located in the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) region. The cloud properties retrieval is a conditional retrieval that applies various retrieval techniques depending on the available data, that is if lidar, radar or both instruments detect cloud. This Combined Remote

52

ISCCP Cloud Properties Associated with Standard Cloud Types Identified in Individual Surface Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Individual surface weather observations from land stations and ships are compared with individual cloud retrievals of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP), stage C1, for an 8-yr period (1983–91) to relate cloud optical ...

Carole J. Hahn; William B. Rossow; Stephen G. Warren

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Systematic Flights Obtain Long-Term Data Set of Cloud Properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Systematic Flights Obtain Long-Term Data Set of Cloud Properties Systematic Flights Obtain Long-Term Data Set of Cloud Properties Beginning in January 2009, the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility is sponsoring the first-of-its-kind long-term airborne research campaign to obtain data from low-level clouds above its Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. The five-month campaign is centered near Lamont, Oklahoma, a mid-latitude region that experiences a wide range of cloud types, including the "thin" clouds that are the focus of the campaign. Thin clouds contain so little water that the sun can be seen through them. Scientists refer to such clouds as "clouds with low-optical water depth," or CLOWD. Because these clouds are often tenuous and scattered, even some of the best

54

Cloud Type and Macrophysical Property Retrieval Using Multiple Remote Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cloud detection algorithm based on ground-based remote sensors has been developed that can differentiate among various atmospheric targets such as ice and water clouds, virga, precipitation, and aerosol layers. Standard cloud type and ...

Zhien Wang; Kenneth Sassen

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Arctic mixed-phase cloud properties derived from surface-based sensors at SHEBA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mixed-phase clouds are an understudied component of global cloudiness and are thus poorly represented in models at all scales, which typically partition cloud phase as a function of temperature. The proper partitioning of cloud phase is particularly important considering the unique radiative properties of liquid droplets and ice particles, the impact of phase on precipitation processes, and the sensitivity of phase

M. D. Shupe; S. Y. Matrosov; T. Uttal

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Posters Ground-Based Radiometric Observations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Posters Ground-Based Radiometric Observations of Atmospheric Water for Climate Research J. B. Snider, D. A. Hazen, A. J. Francavilla, W. B. Madsen, and M. D. Jacobson National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Introduction Surface-based microwave and infrared radiometers have been employed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Environmental Technology Laboratory (NOAA/ETL) in climate research since 1987. The ability of these systems to operate continuously and unattended for extended periods of time has provided significant new information on atmospheric water vapor and cloud liquid. These data are being employed to improve our understanding of cloud-radiation feedback mechanisms, an understanding

57

Parameterization of ice cloud radiative properties and its application to the potential climatic importance of mixed-phase clouds  

SciTech Connect

It is often assumed, in modeling and radiation budget simulation, that clouds below the cirrus level are entirely in the liquid phase. There is substantive evidence from observations that low and middle clouds are often of mixed phase. Using a light-scattering program for hexagonal crystals, the authors update a parameterization of the radiative properties of ice clouds from an earlier study and use the new parameterization to investigate the role of mixed-phase clouds in three areas: (i) the interpretation of ISCCP optical depth, (ii) the simulation of the earth radiation budget, and (iii) the sensitivity of a simple radiative-convective model to an increase in CO{sub 2}. In all cases, mixed-phase clouds are shown to have the potential to significantly modify the results obtained using liquid phase clouds. A precise quantification is not yet possible as the dependence of the fraction of ice and liquid water is mixed-phase clouds on atmospheric properties, and the way in which the ice and liquid water are mixed, are not known with sufficient detail. 43 refs., 17 figs., 2 tabs.

Sun, Z.; Shine, K.P. [Univ. of Reading (United Kingdom)] [Univ. of Reading (United Kingdom)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Aerosol Size Distribution, Particle Concentration, and Optical Property Variability near Caribbean Trade Cumulus Clouds: Isolating Effects of Vertical Transport and Cloud Processing from Humidification Using Aircraft Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the effect of trade wind cumulus clouds on aerosol properties in the near-cloud environment using data from the Rain in Cumulus over the Ocean (RICO) campaign. Aerosol size distributions, particle concentrations, and optical ...

Robert M. Rauber; Guangyu Zhao; Larry Di Girolamo; Marilé Colón-Robles

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Properties of Tropical Cloud Ensembles Estimated Using a Cloud Model and an Observed Updraft Population  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple cloud model is developed which is designed for both diagnostic studies and mesoscale cumulus parameterization experiments. The cloud model is combined with an observed population of tropical convective updrafts and used to examine the ...

William M. Frank; Charles Cohen

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

The Radiative, Cloud, and Thermodynamic Properties of the Major Tropical Western Pacific Cloud Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the radiative, cloud, and thermodynamic characteristics of the atmosphere separated into objectively defined cloud regimes in the tropical western Pacific (TWP). A cluster analysis is applied to 2 yr of daytime-only data ...

Christian Jakob; George Tselioudis; Timothy Hume

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

heated by the sun, produces rising columns of air in which the moisture condenses into tall fleecy white clouds At night, when the sky is clear, the earth cools to give those...

62

Cloud microphysical properties retrieved from downwelling infrared radiance measurements made at Eureka, Nunavut, Canada (2006-2009)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The radiative properties of clouds are related to cloud microphysical and optical properties, including water path, optical depth, particle size, and thermodynamic phase. Ground-based observations provide high quality, long-term, continuous ...

Christopher J. Cox; David D. Turner; Penny M. Rowe; Matthew D. Shupe; Von P. Walden

63

Multichannel Microwave Radiometric Observations at Saipan during the 1990 Tropical Cyclone Motion Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To estimate mesoscale variations in integrated water vapor, cloud liquid water, and temperature in a tropical region, multiwavelength microwave radiometric observations were carried out over a seven-week period on the island of Saipan during the ...

Yong Han; Dennis W. Thomson

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Radiation Properties and Emissivity Parameterization of High Level Thin Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To parameterize emissivity of clouds at 11 ?m, a study has been made in an effort to understand the radiation field of thin clouds. The contributions to the intensity and flux from different sources and through different physical processes are ...

Man-Li C. Wu

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Radiometrics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Radiometrics Radiometrics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Radiometrics Details Activities (5) Areas (4) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Remote Sensing Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Passive Sensors Parent Exploration Technique: Passive Sensors Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Primary use is in mapping potassium alterations Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 8.04804 centUSD 0.00804 kUSD 8.04e-6 MUSD 8.04e-9 TUSD / mile Median Estimate (USD): 4,609.55460,955 centUSD 4.61 kUSD 0.00461 MUSD 4.60955e-6 TUSD / mile High-End Estimate (USD): 16,000.001,600,000 centUSD 16 kUSD 0.016 MUSD 1.6e-5 TUSD / mile Time Required Low-End Estimate: 0.05 days1.368925e-4 years

66

The Dependence of Cirrus Cloud-Property Retrievals on Size-Distribution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Dependence of Cirrus Cloud-Property Retrievals on Size-Distribution The Dependence of Cirrus Cloud-Property Retrievals on Size-Distribution Shape d'Entremont, Robert Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Mitchell, David Desert Research Institute Category: Cloud Properties Our project has focused on using satellite- and ground-based passive thermal infrared radiance observations to retrieve cirrus cloud properties, most importantly ice water path (IWP), effective particle size (Deff), and visible extinction optical thickness (tau). During this past year we began comparing our cirrus retrieval results with aircraft observations at the ARM CART site, and we are participating in a summary intercomparison study with other retrieval algorithms as a member of the high-clouds working group. Our passive-infrared retrieval scheme, based on different wavelength

67

Radiometrics At Fort Bliss Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Radiometrics At Fort Bliss Area (DOE GTP) Radiometrics At Fort Bliss Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Radiometrics At Fort Bliss Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Fort Bliss Area Exploration Technique Radiometrics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References (1 January 2011) GTP ARRA Spreadsheet Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Radiometrics_At_Fort_Bliss_Area_(DOE_GTP)&oldid=402615" Categories: Exploration Activities DOE Funded Activities ARRA Funded Activities What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 1863747441

68

The Retrieval of Marine Stratiform Cloud Properties from Multiple Observations in the 3.9-µm Window under Conditions of Varying Solar Illumination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiometric observations in the 3.9-µm region have been used by a number of investigators for the determination of cloud parameters or sea surface temperature at night. Only a few attempts have been made to perform quantitative assessments of ...

Thomas J. Kleespies

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Cloud properties derived from two lidars over the ARM SGP site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

[1] Active remote sensors such as lidars or radars can be used with other data to quantify the cloud properties at regional scale and at global scale (Dupont et al., 2009). Relative to radar, lidar remote sensing is sensitive to very thin and high clouds but has a significant limitation due to signal attenuation in the ability to precisely quantify the properties of clouds with a 20 cloud optical thickness larger than 3. In this study, 10-years of backscatter lidar signal data are analysed by a unique algorithm called STRucture of ATmosphere (STRAT, Morille et al., 2007). We apply the STRAT algorithm to data from both the collocated Micropulse lidar (MPL) and a Raman lidar (RL) at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site between 1998 and 2009. Raw backscatter lidar signal is processed and 25 corrections for detector deadtime, afterpulse, and overlap are applied. (Campbell et al.) The cloud properties for all levels of clouds are derived and distributions of cloud base height (CBH), top height (CTH), physical cloud thickness (CT), and optical thickness (COT) from local statistics are compared. The goal of this study is (1) to establish a climatology of macrophysical and optical properties for all levels of clouds observed over the ARM SGP site 30 and (2) to estimate the discrepancies induced by the two remote sensing systems (pulse energy, sampling, resolution, etc.). Our first results tend to show that the MPLs, which are the primary ARM lidars, have a distinctly limited range where all of these cloud properties are detectable, especially cloud top and cloud thickness, but even actual cloud base especially during summer daytime period. According to the comparisons between RL and MPL, almost 50% of situations show a signal to noise ratio too low (smaller than 3) for the MPL in order to detect clouds higher than 7km during daytime period in summer. Consequently, the MPLderived annual cycle of cirrus cloud base (top) altitude is biased low, especially for daylight periods, compared with those derived from the RL data, which detects 5 cloud base ranging from 7.5 km in winter to 9.5 km in summer (and tops ranging from 8.6 to 10.5 km). The optically thickest cirrus clouds (COT>0.3) reach 50% of the total population for the Raman lidar and only 20% for the Micropulse lidar due to the difference of pulse energy and the effect of solar irradiance contamination. A complementary study using the cloud fraction 10 derived from the Micropulse lidar for clouds below 5 km and from the Raman lidar for cloud above 5 km allows for better estimation of the total cloud fraction between the ground and the top of the atmosphere. This study presents the diurnal cycle of cloud fraction for each season in comparisons with the Long et al. (2006) cloud fraction calculation derived from radiative flux analysis.

Dupont, Jean-Charles; Haeffelin, Martial; Morille, Y.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Flynn, Connor J.; Long, Charles N.; Sivaraman, Chitra; Newsom, Rob K.

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

70

Microphysical Properties of Single and Mixed-Phase Arctic Clouds Derived from AERI Observations  

SciTech Connect

A novel new approach to retrieve cloud microphysical properties from mixed-phase clouds is presented. This algorithm retrieves cloud optical depth, ice fraction, and the effective size of the water and ice particles from ground-based, high-resolution infrared radiance observations. The theoretical basis is that the absorption coefficient of ice is stronger than that of liquid water from 10-13 mm, whereas liquid water is more absorbing than ice from 16-25 um. However, due to strong absorption in the rotational water vapor absorption band, the 16-25 um spectral region becomes opaque for significant water vapor burdens (i.e., for precipitable water vapor amounts over approximately 1 cm). The Arctic is characterized by its dry and cold atmosphere, as well as a preponderance of mixed-phase clouds, and thus this approach is applicable to Arctic clouds. Since this approach uses infrared observations, cloud properties are retrieved at night and during the long polar wintertime period. The analysis of the cloud properties retrieved during a 7 month period during the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic (SHEBA) experiment demonstrates many interesting features. These results show a dependence of the optical depth on cloud phase, differences in the mode radius of the water droplets in liquid-only and mid-phase clouds, a lack of temperature dependence in the ice fraction for temperatures above 240 K, seasonal trends in the optical depth with the clouds being thinner in winter and becoming more optically thick in the late spring, and a seasonal trend in the effective size of the water droplets in liquid-only and mixed-phase clouds that is most likely related to aerosol concentration.

Turner, David D.

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

[Treatment of cloud radiative effects in general circulation models  

SciTech Connect

This is a renewal proposal for an on-going project of the Department of Energy (DOE)/Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. The objective of the ARM Program is to improve the treatment of radiation-cloud in GCMs so that reliable predictions of the timing and magnitude of greenhouse gas-induced global warming and regional responses can be made. The ARM Program supports two research areas: (I) The modeling and analysis of data related to the parameterization of clouds and radiation in general circulation models (GCMs); and (II) the development of advanced instrumentation for both mapping the three-dimensional structure of the atmosphere and high accuracy/precision radiometric observations. The present project conducts research in area (I) and focuses on GCM treatment of cloud life cycle, optical properties, and vertical overlapping. The project has two tasks: (1) Development and Refinement of GCM Radiation-Cloud Treatment Using ARM Data; and (2) Validation of GCM Radiation-Cloud Treatment.

Wang, W.C.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Sensitivity of Simulated Global Climate to Perturbations in Low Cloud Microphysical Properties. Part II: Spatially Localized Perturbations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sensitivity of the global climate to spatially localized (20°–70°N) perturbations in the microphysical properties of low clouds is investigated using a general circulation model coupled to a mixed layer ocean with fixed cloud distributions. ...

C-T. Chen; V. Ramaswamy

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Implementation of the Daytime Cloud Optical and Microphysical Properties Algorithm (DCOMP) in PATMOS-x  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the daytime cloud optical and microphysical properties (DCOMP) retrieval for the Pathfinder Atmosphere’s Extended (PATMOS-x) climate dataset. Within PATMOS-x, DCOMP is applied to observations from the Advanced Very High ...

Andi Walther; Andrew K. Heidinger

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Cloud Properties Derived from Visible and Near-infrared Reflectance in the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud Properties Derived from Visible and Near-infrared Reflectance in the Cloud Properties Derived from Visible and Near-infrared Reflectance in the Presence of Aerosols Hofmann, Odele University of Colorado at Boulder Pilewskie, Peter University of Colorado Gore, Warren NASA Ames Research Center Russell, Phil NASA Ames Research Center Livingston, John SRI International Redemann, Jens BAERI/NASA Ames Research Center Bergstrom, Robert Bay Area Environmental Research Institute Platnick, Steven NASA-GSFC Daniel, John NOAA Aeronomy Laboratory Category: Cloud Properties The New England Air Quality Study - Intercontinental Transport and Chemical Transformation (NEAQS-ITCT) experiment conducted in July-August 2004 included objectives on the effects of urban-industrial pollution aerosols on cloud radiative properties, the so-called indirect effect. Measurements

75

A GCM Parameterization for the Shortwave Radiative Properties of Water Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new parameterization is presented for the shortwave radiative properties of water clouds, which is fast enough to be included in general circulation models (GCMs). It employs the simple relationships found by Slingo and Schrecker for the ...

A. Slingo

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

A Simple Method to Retrieve Cloud Properties from Atmospheric Transmittance and Liquid Water Column Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A deeper knowledge of the effects and interactions of clouds in the climatic system requires developing both satellite and ground-based methods to assess their optical properties. A simple method based on a parameterized inversion of a radiative ...

Salvador Matamoros; Josep-Abel González; Josep Calbó

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

On the Identification of the Large-Scale Properties of Tropical Convection using Cloud Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of cloud regimes in identifying tropical convection and the associated large-scale atmospheric properties is investigated. The regimes are derived by applying cluster analysis to satellite retrievals of daytime-averaged frequency ...

Jackson Tan; Christian Jakob; Todd P. Lane

78

Microwave Radiative Transfer through Clouds Composed of Realistically Shaped Ice Crystals. Part I. Single Scattering Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a detailed study of the microwave single scattering properties of ice crystals expected in cirrus clouds. The discrete dipole approximation is used to compute scattering quantities of particles ranging in size ...

K. Franklin Evans; Graeme L. Stephens

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Radiative Impacts of Free-Tropospheric Clouds on the Properties of Marine Stratocumulus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations from multiple satellites and large-eddy simulations (LESs) from the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) are used to determine the extent to which free-tropospheric clouds (FTCs) affect the properties of stratocumulus. ...

Matthew W. Christensen; Gustavo G. Carrió; Graeme L. Stephens; William R. Cotton

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

An Accurate Parameterization of the Solar Radiative Properties of Cirrus Clouds for Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An accurate parameterization of the solar radiative properties of cirrus clouds is developed based on improved light scattering calculations. Here 28 ice crystal size distributions from in situ aircraft observations in both tropical and ...

Qiang Fu

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Cloud Properties and Their Seasonal and Diurnal Variability from TOVS Path-B  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eight years of cloud properties retrieved from Television Infrared Observation Satellite-N (TIROS-N) Observational Vertical Sounder (TOVS) observations aboard the NOAA polar orbiting satellites are presented. The relatively high spectral ...

C. J. Stubenrauch; A. Chédin; G. Rädel; N. A. Scott; S. Serrar

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Factors influencing the microphysics and radiative properties of liquid-dominated Arctic clouds: insight from observations of aerosol and clouds during ISDAC  

SciTech Connect

Aircraft measurements during the Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC) in April 2008 are used to investigate aerosol indirect effects in Arctic clouds. Two aerosol-cloud regimes are considered in this analysis: single-layer stratocumulus cloud with below-cloud aerosol concentrations (N{sub a}) below 300 cm{sup -3} on April 8 and April 26-27 (clean cases); and inhomogeneous layered cloud with N{sub a} > 500 cm{sup -3} below cloud base on April 19-20, concurrent with a biomass burning episode (polluted cases). Vertical profiles through cloud in each regime are used to determine average cloud microphysical and optical properties. Positive correlations between the cloud droplet effective radius (Re) and cloud optical depth ({tau}) are observed for both clean and polluted cases, which are characteristic of optically-thin, non-precipitating clouds. Average Re values for each case are {approx} 6.2 {mu}m, despite significantly higher droplet number concentrations (Nd) in the polluted cases. The apparent independence of Re and Nd simplifies the description of indirect effects, such that {tau} and the cloud albedo (A) can be described by relatively simple functions of the cloud liquid water path. Adiabatic cloud parcel model simulations show that the marked differences in Na between the regimes account largely for differences in droplet activation, but that the properties of precursor aerosol also play a role, particularly for polluted cases where competition for vapour amongst the more numerous particles limits activation to larger and/or more hygroscopic particles. The similarity of Re for clean and polluted cases is attributed to compensating droplet growth processes for different initial droplet size distributions.

Earle, Michael; Liu, Peter S.; Strapp, J. Walter; Zelenyuk, Alla; Imre, D.; McFarquhar, Greg; Shantz, Nicole C.; Leaitch, W. R.

2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

83

Evaluation of Tropical Cirrus Cloud Properties and Dynamical...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

through the TTL into the stratosphere. The ability of large-scale models to correctly forecast tropical cirrus occurrence is important in predicting the role of these clouds on...

84

Retrieval of Cloud Microphysical Properties from MODIS and AIRS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) measurements from the NASA Earth Observing System Aqua satellite enable global monitoring of the distribution of clouds during day and night. ...

Jun Li; Hung-Lung Huang; Chian-Yi Liu; Ping Yang; Timothy J. Schmit; Heli Wei; Elisabeth Weisz; Li Guan; W. Paul Menzel

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Radiative Properties of Cirrus Clouds in the Infrared Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multiple-scattering radiative transfer model is employed to evaluate the 11 ?m and the broad-band infrared (IR) fluxes, cooling rates and emittances in model cirrus clouds for a number of standard vertical atmospheric profiles of temperature ...

Graeme L. Stephens

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Radiative Properties of Cirrus Clouds Derived from Surface Interferometric Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Beam transmittance, emittance, reflectance, and outgoing radiance are inferred from interferometric measurements in the infrared window region for 14 temperate continental and 12 subtropical cirrus cloud cash observed during FIRE II at Parsons, ...

Gordon H. Beck; John M. Davis; S. K. Cox

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Retrieving Properties of Thin Clouds from Solar Aureole Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a newly designed Sun and Aureole Measurement (SAM) aureolegraph and the first results obtained with this instrument. SAM measurements of solar aureoles produced by cirrus and cumulus clouds were taken at the Atmospheric ...

J. G. DeVore; A. T. Stair; A. LePage; D. Rall; J. Atkinson; D. Villanucci; S. A. Rappaport; P. C. Joss; R. A. McClatchey

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Cloud Activating Properties of Aerosol Observed during CELTIC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of aerosol size distribution, chemical composition, and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentration were performed during the Chemical Emission, Loss, Transformation, and Interactions with Canopies (CELTIC) field program at Duke ...

Craig A. Stroud; Athanasios Nenes; Jose L. Jimenez; Peter F. DeCarlo; J. Alex Huffman; Roelof Bruintjes; Eiko Nemitz; Alice E. Delia; Darin W. Toohey; Alex B. Guenther; Sreela Nandi

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Two Years of Cloud Cover Statistics Using VAS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistics of cloud characteristics over North America have been accumulated for the past 2 yr. The frequency of cloud cover with the associated heights and infrared attenuation were charted using the C02 channel radiometric data from the VISSR ...

D. P. Wylie; W. P. Menzel

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Global ice cloud observations: radiative properties and statistics from moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ice clouds occur quite frequently, yet so much about these clouds is unknown. In recent years, numerous investigations and field campaigns have been focused on the study of ice clouds, all with the ultimate goal of gaining a better understanding of microphysical and optical properties, as well as determining the radiative impact. Perhaps one of the most recognized instruments used for such research is the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), carried aboard the NASA EOS satellites Terra and Aqua. The present research aims to support ongoing efforts in the field of ice cloud research by use of observations obtained from Terra and Aqua MODIS. First, a technique is developed to infer ice cloud optical depth from the MODIS cirrus reflectance parameter. This technique is based on a previous method developed by Meyer et al. (2004). The applicability of the algorithm is demonstrated with retrievals from level-2 and -3 MODIS data. The technique is also evaluated with the operational MODIS cloud retrieval product and a method based on airborne ice cloud observations. From this technique, an archive of daily optical depth retrievals is constructed. Using simple statistics, the global spatial and temporal distributions of ice clouds are determined. Research has found that Aqua MODIS observes more frequent ice clouds and larger optical depths and ice water paths than does Terra MODIS. Finally, an analysis of the time series of daily optical depth values revealed that ice clouds at high latitudes, which are most likely associated with synoptic scale weather sytems, persist long enough to move with the upper level winds. Tropical ice clouds, however, dissipate more rapidly, and are in all likelihood associated with deep convective cells.

Meyer, Kerry Glynne

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Study of Ice Cloud Properties from Synergetic Use of Satellite Observations and Modeling Capabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dissertation first investigates the single-scattering properties of inhomogeneous ice crystals containing air bubbles. Specifically, a combination of the ray-tracing technique and the Monte Carlo method is used to simulate the scattering of light by randomly oriented large hexagonal ice crystals containing spherical or spheroidal air bubbles. The effect of the air bubbles within ice crystals is to smooth the phase functions, diminish the 22° and 46° halo peaks, and reduce the backscatter in comparison with the case of bubble-free ice crystals. Cloud reflectance look-up tables were generated at the wavelengths of 0.65 ?m and 2.13 ?m to examine the impact of accounting for air bubbles in ice crystal morphology on the retrieval of ice cloud optical thickness and effective particle size. To investigate the effect of the representation of aggregates on electromagnetic scattering calculations, an algorithm is developed to efficiently specify the geometries of aggregates and to compute some of their geometric parameters such as the projected area. Based on in situ observations, aggregates are defined as clusters of hexagonal plates with a chain-like overall shape. An aggregate model is developed with 10 ensemble members, each consisting of between 4-12 hexagonal plates. The scattering properties of an individual aggregate ice particle are computed using the discrete dipole approximation or an Improved Geometric Optics Method, depending upon the size parameter. The aggregate model provides an accurate and computationally efficient way to represent all aggregates occurring within ice clouds. We developed an algorithm to determine an appropriate ice cloud model for application to satellite-based retrieval of ice cloud properties. Collocated Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer and Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) data are used to retrieve the optical thicknesses of ice clouds as a function of scattering angle in the nine MISR viewing directions. The difference between cloud optical thickness and its averaged value over the nine viewing angles can be used to validate the ice cloud models. Using the data obtained on 2 July 2009, an appropriate ice cloud model is determined. With the presence of all the uncertainties in the current operational satellite-based retrievals of ice cloud properties, this ice cloud model has excellent performance in terms of consistency in cloud property retrievals with the nine MISR viewing angles.

Xie, Yu

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Derivation of Seasonal Cloud Properties at ARM-NSA from Multispectral MODIS Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Derivation of Seasonal Cloud Properties at ARM-NSA Derivation of Seasonal Cloud Properties at ARM-NSA from Multispectral MODIS Data D. A. Spangenberg Analytical Services and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia T. Uttal National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Q. Z. Trepte and S. S.-Mack Science Applications International Corporation Hampton, Virginia Introduction Improving climate model predictions over earth's Polar Regions requires a complete knowledge of polar cloud microphysics. Over the Arctic, there is minimal contrast between the clouds and background snow surface observed in satellite data, especially for visible wavelengths. This makes it difficult to

93

Observed and Simulated Cirrus Cloud Properties at the SGP CART Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Simulated Cirrus Cloud Properties and Simulated Cirrus Cloud Properties at the SGP CART Site A. D. Del Genio and A. B. Wolf National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, New York G. G. Mace University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah Introduction Despite their potential importance in a long-term climate change, less is known about cirrus clouds than most other cloud types, for a variety of reasons (Del Genio 2001) including: (1) the difficulty of remotely sensing ice water content (IWC), (2) uncertainty in the identities of ice nuclei and the relative importance of different nucleation processes, (3) significant variations in depth and optical thickness caused by formation and sedimentation of large particles, and (4) our relatively poor documentation of

94

Validation of Cloud Properties Derived from GOES-9 Over the ARM TWP Region  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud Properties Derived from Cloud Properties Derived from GOES-9 Over the ARM TWP Region M. M. Khaiyer, M. L. Nordeen, D. R. Doelling, and V. Chakrapani Analytical Services and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis and W. L. Smith, Jr. Atmospheric Sciences National Aeronautic and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction Satellite data are essential for monitoring clouds and radiative fluxes where ground-based instruments are unavailable. On April 24, 2003, the ninth geostationary operational environmental satellite (GOES-9) began operational coverage of the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), replacing the failing fifth geostationary meteorological satellite (GMS-5). The GOES-9 imager provides the opportunity for enhanced monitoring of clouds and radiation over the TWP because it has better spatial resolution and

95

A Balloon-Borne Continuous Cloud Particle Replicator for Measuring Vertical Profiles of Cloud Microphysical Properties: Instrument Design, Performance, and Collection Efficiency Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of a balloon-borne Formvar replicator that measures continuous profiles of cloud microphysical properties is investigated. The replicator measures the small particles (<100-?m diameter) that are undetectable or poorly resolved by ...

Larry M. Miloshevich; Andrew J. Heymsfield

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

A Climatology of Midlatitude Continental Clouds from the ARM SGP Central Facility: Part I: Low-Level Cloud Macrophysical, Microphysical, and Radiative Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A record of single-layer and overcast low cloud (stratus) properties has been generated using approximately 4000 h of data collected from January 1997 to December 2002 at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains Central ...

Xiquan Dong; Patrick Minnis; Baike Xi

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

ARM - Measurement - Cloud phase  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

property that captures the state o f the hydrometeors within a cloud (liquid, ice, or mixed-phase). This is distinct from cloud type that involves property descriptors...

98

The Microbase Value-Added Product: A Baseline Retrieval of Cloud Microphysical Properties  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility baseline cloud microphysical properties (MICROBASE) value-added product (VAP). MICROBASE uses a combination of millimeter-wavelength cloud radar, microwave radiometer, and radiosonde observations to estimate the vertical profiles of the primary microphysical parameters of clouds including the liquid/ice water content and liquid/ice cloud particle effective radius. MICROBASE is a baseline algorithm designed to apply to most conditions and locations using a single set of parameterizations and a simple determination of water phase based on temperature. This document provides the user of this product with guidelines to assist in determining the accuracy of the product under certain conditions. Quality control flags are designed to identify outliers and indicate instances where the retrieval assumptions may not be met. The overall methodology is described in this report through a detailed description of the input variables, algorithms, and output products.

Dunn, M; Johnson, K; Jensen, M

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

99

Computing and Partitioning Cloud Feedbacks Using Cloud Property Histograms. Part II: Attribution to Changes in Cloud Amount, Altitude, and Optical Depth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud radiative kernels and histograms of cloud fraction, both as functions of cloud-top pressure and optical depth, are used to quantify cloud amount, altitude, and optical depth feedbacks. The analysis is applied to doubled-CO2 simulations from ...

Mark D. Zelinka; Stephen A. Klein; Dennis L. Hartmann

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Definition: Radiometrics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Radiometrics Radiometrics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Radiometrics Radiometric (or Airborne Gamma-Ray Spectrometer) Surveys detect and map gamma rays. Gamma rays are natural radioactive emanations from materials in the rocks and soils. All detectable gamma radiation from earth materials come from the natural decay products of either potassium, uranium, or thorium. The gamma ray data are interpreted in combination with other airborne survey data, such as Magnetic Techniques, satellite images and geological and soil maps to map minerals with these radioactive elements, such as magnetite.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Airborne Gamma-Ray Spectrometer Surveying References ↑ Guidelines for Radioelement Mapping Using Gamma Ray Spectrometry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Solar differential rotation and properties of magnetic clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The most geoeffective solar drivers are magnetic clouds - a subclass of coronal mass ejections (CME's) distinguished by the smooth rotation of the magnetic field inside the structure. The portion of CME's that are magnetic clouds is maximum at sunspot minimum and mimimum at sunspot maximum. This portion is determined by the amount of helicity carried away by CME's which in turn depends on the amount of helicity transferred from the solar interior to the surface, and on the surface differential rotation. The latter can increase or reduce, or even reverse the twist of emerging magnetic flux tubes, thus increasing or reducing the helicity in the corona, or leading to the violation of the hemispheric helicity rule, respectively. We investigate the CME's associated with the major geomagnetic storms in the last solar cycle whose solar sources have been identified, and find that in 10 out of 12 cases of violation of the hemispheric helicity rule or of highly geoeffective CME's with no magnetic field rotation, they o...

Georgieva, K; Gavruseva, E; Javaraiah, J

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Solar differential rotation and properties of magnetic clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The most geoeffective solar drivers are magnetic clouds - a subclass of coronal mass ejections (CME's) distinguished by the smooth rotation of the magnetic field inside the structure. The portion of CME's that are magnetic clouds is maximum at sunspot minimum and mimimum at sunspot maximum. This portion is determined by the amount of helicity carried away by CME's which in turn depends on the amount of helicity transferred from the solar interior to the surface, and on the surface differential rotation. The latter can increase or reduce, or even reverse the twist of emerging magnetic flux tubes, thus increasing or reducing the helicity in the corona, or leading to the violation of the hemispheric helicity rule, respectively. We investigate the CME's associated with the major geomagnetic storms in the last solar cycle whose solar sources have been identified, and find that in 10 out of 12 cases of violation of the hemispheric helicity rule or of highly geoeffective CME's with no magnetic field rotation, they originate from regions with "anti-solar" type of surface differential rotation.

K. Georgieva; B. Kirov; E. Gavruseva; J. Javaraiah

2005-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

103

Rapid Daytime Estimation of Cloud Properties over a Large Area from Radiance Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm is developed to rapidly estimate cloud properties for a large area from daytime imager data. In this context, a large area refers to a grid cell composed of many imager pixels. The algorithm assumes a gamma distribution to model the ...

Andrew K. Heidinger

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Ice properties of single-layer stratocumulus during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ice properties of single-layer stratocumulus during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment: 2 opportunity to study poorly understood ice formation processes in mixed-phase stratocumulus. Using, were not significant sources of ice based on parameterizations from existing studies. After surveying

105

Effect of Cavities on the Optical Properties of Bullet Rosettes: Implications for Active and Passive Remote Sensing of Ice Cloud Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.e., the scattering phase matrix, extinction cross section, and single-scattering albedo) of nonspherical ice the parameterization of the bulk radiative properties of ice clouds, which is a Corresponding author address: Dr. Ping and Passive Remote Sensing of Ice Cloud Properties PING YANG,* ZHIBO ZHANG,* GEORGE W. KATTAWAR, STEPHEN G

Baum, Bryan A.

106

Parameterization of Ice Cloud Radiative Properties and Its Application to the Potential Climatic Importance of Mixed-Phase Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is often assumed, in modeling and radiation budget simulation, that clouds below the cirrus level are entirely in the liquid phase. There is substantive evidence from observations that low and middle clouds are often of mixed phase. Using a ...

Zhian Sun; Keith P. Shine

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

In Situ Observations of the Microphysical Properties of Wave, Cirrus, and Anvil Clouds. Part II: Cirrus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Learjet research aircraft was used to collect microphysical data, including cloud particle imager (CPI) measurements of ice particle size and shape, in 22 midlatitude cirrus clouds. The dataset was collected while the aircraft flew 104 ...

R. Paul Lawson; Brad Baker; Bryan Pilson; Qixu Mo

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Evaluating Global Aerosol Models and Aerosol and Water Vapor Properties Near Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Project goals: (1) Use the routine surface and airborne measurements at the ARM SGP site, and the routine surface measurements at the NSA site, to continue our evaluations of model aerosol simulations; (2) Determine the degree to which the Raman lidar measurements of water vapor and aerosol scattering and extinction can be used to remotely characterize the aerosol humidification factor; (3) Use the high temporal resolution CARL data to examine how aerosol properties vary near clouds; and (4) Use the high temporal resolution CARL and Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) data to quantify entrainment in optically thin continental cumulus clouds.

Richard A. Ferrare; David D. Turner

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Use of In Situ Observations to Characterize Cloud Microphysical and Radiative Properties: Application to Climate Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Use of In Situ Observations to Characterize Use of In Situ Observations to Characterize Cloud Microphysical and Radiative Properties: Application to Climate Studies G. M. McFarquhar and T. Nousiainen Department of Atmospheric Sciences University of Illinois Urbana, Illinois M. S. Timlin, S. F. Iacobellis, and R. C. J. Somerville Scripps Institution of Oceanography La Jolla, California Introduction Cloud radiative feedback is the most important effect determining climate response to human activity. Ice clouds reflect solar radiation and absorb thermal emission from the ground and the lower atmosphere and emit infrared radiation to space. The representation of these processes in models affects future climate predictions and there is much uncertainty in the representation of these processes. The size and

110

Computation of Domain-Averaged Irradiance with a Simple Two-Stream Radiative Transfer Model Including Vertical Cloud Property Correlations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computation of Domain-Averaged Irradiance Computation of Domain-Averaged Irradiance with a Simple Two-Stream Radiative Transfer Model Including Vertical Cloud Property Correlations S. Kato Center for Atmospheric Sciences Hampton University Hampton, Virginia Introduction Recent development of remote sensing instruments by Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM?) Program provides information of spatial and temporal variability of cloud structures. However it is not clear what cloud properties are required to express complicated cloud fields in a realistic way and how to use them in a relatively simple one-dimensional (1D) radiative transfer model to compute the domain averaged irradiance. To address this issue, a simple shortwave radiative transfer model that can treat the vertical cloud optical property correlation is developed. The model is based on the gamma-weighted

111

Wide-Angle Imaging Lidar Deployment at the ARM Southern Great Plains Site: Intercomparison of Cloud Property Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Wide-Angle Imaging Lidar (WAIL), a new instrument that measures cloud optical and geometrical properties by means of off-beam lidar returns, was deployed as part of a multi-instrument campaign to probe a cloud field at the Atmospheric ...

Igor N. Polonsky; Steven P. Love; Anthony B. Davis

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Investigation of the optical and cloud forming properties of pollution, biomass burning, and mineral dust aerosols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation describes the use of measured aerosol size distributions and size-resolved hygroscopic growth to examine the physical and chemical properties of several particle classes. The primary objective of this work was to investigate the optical and cloud forming properties of a range of ambient aerosol types measured in a number of different locations. The tool used for most of these analyses is a differential mobility analyzer / tandem differential mobility analyzer (DMA / TDMA) system developed in our research group. To collect the data described in two of the chapters of this dissertation, an aircraft-based version of the DMA / TDMA was deployed to Japan and California. The data described in two other chapters were conveniently collected during a period when the aerosol of interest came to us. The unique aspect of this analysis is the use of these data to isolate the size distributions of distinct aerosol types in order to quantify their optical and cloud forming properties. I used collected data during the Asian Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE-Asia) to examine the composition and homogeneity of a complex aerosol generated in the deserts and urban regions of China and other Asian countries. An aircraft-based TDMA was used for the first time during this campaign to examine the size-resolved hygroscopic properties of the aerosol. The Asian Dust Above Monterey (ADAM-2003) study was designed both to evaluate the degree to which models can predict the long-range transport of Asian dust, and to examine the physical and optical properties of that aged dust upon reaching the California coast. Aerosol size distributions and hygroscopic growth were measured in College Station, Texas to investigate the cloud nucleating and optical properties of a biomass burning aerosol generated from fires on the Yucatan Peninsula. Measured aerosol size distributions and size-resolved hygroscopicity and volatility were used to infer critical supersaturation distributions of the distinct particle types that were observed during this period. The predicted cloud condensation nuclei concentrations were used in a cloud model to determine the impact of the different aerosol types on the expected cloud droplet concentration. RH-dependent aerosol extinction coefficients were also calculated.

Lee, Yong Seob

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Interrelationships between Cloud Properties and Sea Surface Temperatures on Seasonal and Interannual Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monthly means of selected variables of the 2.5° International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) C2 total cloud cover (CC), cloud-top pressure (CTP), and cloud water (CW) are statistically related to sea surface temperature (SST). The ...

Bryan C. Weare

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Effects of Aerosols on the Radiative Properties of Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of anthropogenic aerosols, in the form of ship exhaust effluent, on the microphysics and radiative properties of marine stratocumulus is studied using data gathered from the U.K. Met. Office C-130 and the University of Washington C-...

Jonathan P. Taylor; Martin D. Glew; James A. Coakley Jr.; William R. Tahnk; Steven Platnick; Peter V. Hobbs; Ronald J. Ferek

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Cirrus Cloud Properties and the Large-Scale Meteorological Environment: Relationships Derived from A-Train and NCEP–NCAR Reanalysis Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Empirical knowledge of how cirrus cloud properties are coupled with the large-scale meteorological environment is a prerequisite for understanding the role of microphysical processes in the life cycle of cirrus cloud systems. Using active and ...

Elizabeth Berry; Gerald G. Mace

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Comparison of CALIPSO-Like, LaRC, and MODIS Retrievals of Ice-Cloud Properties over SIRTA in France and Florida during CRYSTAL-FACE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study compares cirrus-cloud properties and, in particular, particle effective radius retrieved by a Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO)-like method with two similar methods using Moderate-Resolution ...

M. Chiriaco; H. Chepfer; P. Minnis; M. Haeffelin; S. Platnick; D. Baumgardner; P. Dubuisson; M. McGill; V. Noël; J. Pelon; D. Spangenberg; S. Sun-Mack; G. Wind

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

A 3-Year Climatology of Cloud and Radiative Properties Derived from GOES-8 Data Over the Southern Great Plains  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-Year Climatology of Cloud and Radiative Properties 3-Year Climatology of Cloud and Radiative Properties Derived from GOES-8 Data Over the Southern Great Plains M. M. Khaiyer, A. D. Rapp, D. R. Doelling, and M. L. Nordeen Analytical Service and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis, W. L. Smith, Jr., and L. Nguyen Atmospheric Sciences Division National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction While the various instruments maintained at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility (CF) provide detailed cloud and radiation measurements for a small area, satellite cloud property retrievals provide a means of examining the large-scale properties of the surrounding region over an extended period of time. Seasonal and inter-annual

118

Measurements of Transformations in the Physical and Chemical Properties of Clouds Associated with Onshore Flow in Washington State  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preliminary measurements of several physical and chemical parameters associated with clouds in two cases of onshore flow over western Washington suggest that the physical and chemical properties of maritime, cloudy air passing over this region ...

Dean A. Hegg; Lawrence F. Radke; Peter V. Hobbs

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Properties of Northern Hemisphere Polar Stratospheric Clouds and Volcanic Aerosol in 1991/92 from UARS/ISAMS Satellite Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of polar stratospheric clouds by the Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder (ISAMS) experiment on the Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite (UARS) have revealed new details of their global properties and behavior. These ...

F. W. Taylor; A. Lambert; R. G. Grainger; C. D. Rodgers; J. J. Remedios

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Top-of-Atmosphere Albedo Estimation from Angular Distribution Models Using Scene Identification from Satellite Cloud Property Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The next generation of earth radiation budget satellite instruments will routinely merge estimates of global top-of-atmosphere radiative fluxes with cloud properties. This information will offer many new opportunities for validating radiative ...

Norman G. Loeb; Frédéric Parol; Jean-Claude Buriez; Claudine Vanbauce

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Effect of Cavities on the Optical Properties of Bullet Rosettes: Implications for Active and Passive Remote Sensing of Ice Cloud Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bullet rosette particles are common in ice clouds, and the bullets may often be hollow. Here the single-scattering properties of randomly oriented hollow bullet rosette ice particles are investigated. A bullet, which is an individual branch of a ...

Ping Yang; Zhibo Zhang; George W. Kattawar; Stephen G. Warren; Bryan A. Baum; Hung-Lung Huang; Yong X. Hu; David Winker; Jean Iaquinta

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Posters Diagnostic Analysis of Cloud Radiative Properties R.C.J. Somerville and S. F. Iacobellis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Posters Diagnostic Analysis of Cloud Radiative Properties R.C.J. Somerville and S. F. Iacobellis Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego La Jolla, California Introduction A current dilemma of climate modeling is that general circulation model (GCM) results are extremely sensitive to parameterizations of certain poorly understood physical processes, most notably cloud-radiation interactions. As a result, models with different plausible parameterizations give very different results. Yet, we have no firm basis for knowing which parameterization is more nearly "correct." It is true that parameterizations are not the only shortcoming of GCMs. Our current ability to create models that will adequately simulate today's climate and predict its evolution

123

STORMVEX: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment Science and Operations Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment (STORMVEX), a substantial correlative data set of remote sensing observations and direct in situ measurements from fixed and airborne platforms will be created in a winter season, mountainous environment. This will be accomplished by combining mountaintop observations at Storm Peak Laboratory and the airborne National Science Foundation-supported Colorado Airborne Multi-Phase Cloud Study campaign with collocated measurements from the second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2). We describe in this document the operational plans and motivating science for this experiment, which includes deployment of AMF2 to Steamboat Springs, Colorado. The intensive STORMVEX field phase will begin nominally on 1 November 2010 and extend to approximately early April 2011.

Mace, J; Matrosov, S; Shupe, M; Lawson, P; Hallar, G; McCubbin, I; Marchand, R; Orr, B; Coulter, R; Sedlacek, A; Avallone, L; Long, C

2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

124

LIRAD Observations of Tropical Cirrus Clouds in MCTEX. Part II: Optical Properties and Base Cooling in Dissipating Storm Anvil Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the Maritime Continent Thunderstorm Experiment (MCTEX), several decaying storm anvils were observed. The anvil clouds exhibited typical patterns of fallout and decay over a number of hours of observation. The anvil bases were initially ...

C. M. R. Platt; R. T. Austin; S. A. Young; A. J. Heymsfield

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

The Impact of Giant Cloud Condensation Nuclei on Drizzle Formation in Stratocumulus: Implications for Cloud Radiative Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of giant and ultragiant cloud condensation nuclei (>5-?m radius) on drizzle formation in stratocumuli is investigated within a number of modeling frameworks. These include a simple box model of collection, a trajectory ensemble model (...

Graham Feingold; William R. Cotton; Sonia M. Kreidenweis; Janel T. Davis

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Optical Properties and Phase of Some Midlatitude, Midlevel Clouds in ECLIPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several cloud optical quantities were measured for the first time in midlevel, mixed-phase clouds. These included cloud infrared emittance and absorption coefficient (10–12 ?m), effective backscatter-to-extinction ratio, and lidar depolarization ...

S. A. Young; C. M. R. Platt; R. T. Austin; G. R. Patterson

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Heterogeneous chemistry of atmospheric mineral dust particles and their resulting cloud-nucleation properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ice nucleation in ice and mixed- phase clouds are: 1. WhatWhat is the phase, hygroscopicity, and warm and ice cloudmixed phase clouds, while cirrus clouds are composed of ice

Sullivan, Ryan Christopher

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Exploration of the MODIS Cloud-Top Property Products for the Investigation of Equatorial Wave Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) observations provide an unprecedented opportunity for studying cloud macrophysical (cloud-top pressure, temperature, height, and phase), microphysical (effective particle size), and ...

Yue Li; Gerald R. North; Ping Yang; Bryan A. Baum

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Evaluating Global Aerosol Models and Aerosol and Water Vapor Properties Near Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 'Evaluating Global Aerosol Models and Aerosol and Water Vapor Properties Near Clouds' project focused extensively on the analysis and utilization of water vapor and aerosol profiles derived from the ARM Raman lidar at the Southern Great Plains ARM site. A wide range of different tasks were performed during this project, all of which improved quality of the data products derived from the lidar or advanced the understanding of atmospheric processes over the site. These activities included: upgrading the Raman lidar to improve its sensitivity; participating in field experiments to validate the lidar aerosol and water vapor retrievals; using the lidar aerosol profiles to evaluate the accuracy of the vertical distribution of aerosols in global aerosol model simulations; examining the correlation between relative humidity and aerosol extinction, and how these change, due to horizontal distance away from cumulus clouds; inferring boundary layer turbulence structure in convective boundary layers from the high-time-resolution lidar water vapor measurements; retrieving cumulus entrainment rates in boundary layer cumulus clouds; and participating in a field experiment that provided data to help validate both the entrainment rate retrievals and the turbulent profiles derived from lidar observations.

Turner, David, D.; Ferrare, Richard, A.

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

130

Using Surface Remote Sensors to Derive Mixed-Phase Cloud Radiative Forcing:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Surface Remote Sensors to Derive Mixed-Phase Cloud Radiative Forcing: Using Surface Remote Sensors to Derive Mixed-Phase Cloud Radiative Forcing: An Example from M-PACE Title Using Surface Remote Sensors to Derive Mixed-Phase Cloud Radiative Forcing: An Example from M-PACE Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors de Boer, Gijs, William D. Collins, Surabi Menon, and Charles N. Long Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Volume 11 Start Page 11937 Pagination 11937-11949 Abstract Measurements from ground-based cloud radar, high spectral resolution lidar and microwave radiometer are used in conjunction with a column version of the Rapid Radiative Transfer Model (RRTMG) and radiosonde measurements to derive the surface radiative properties under mixed-phase cloud conditions. These clouds were observed during the United States Department of Energy (US DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Mixed-Phase Arctic Clouds Experiment (M-PACE) between September and November of 2004. In total, sixteen half hour time periods are reviewed due to their coincidence with radiosonde launches. Cloud liquid (ice) water paths are found to range between 11.0-366.4 (0.5-114.1) gm-2, and cloud physical thicknesses fall between 286-2075 m. Combined with temperature and hydrometeor size estimates, this information is used to calculate surface radiative flux densities using RRTMG, which are demonstrated to generally agree with measured flux densities from surface-based radiometric instrumentation. Errors in longwave flux density estimates are found to be largest for thin clouds, while shortwave flux density errors are generally largest for thicker clouds. A sensitivity study is performed to understand the impact of retrieval assumptions and uncertainties on derived surface radiation estimates. Cloud radiative forcing is calculated for all profiles, illustrating longwave dominance during this time of year, with net cloud forcing generally between 50 and 90 Wm-2.

131

Dispersion of Cloud Droplet Size Distributions, Cloud Parameterization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Laboratory Upton, New York Introduction Most studies of the effect of aerosols on cloud radiative properties have considered only changes in the cloud droplet...

132

Radiometric Measurements and Data for Evaluating Photovoltaics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Photovoltiac Radiometric Measurements Task ddresses the impact of solar and optical radiation on photovoltaic (PV) devices. The task maintains spectral and broadband calibration capability directly traceable to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the World Radiometric Reference (WRR) of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

Myers, D. R.; Andreas, A.; Rymes, M.; Stoffel, T.; Reda, I.; Wilcox, S.; Treadwell, J.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

The Mass Distribution and Assembly of the Milky Way from the Properties of the Magellanic Clouds  

SciTech Connect

We present a new measurement of the mass of the Milky Way (MW) based on observed properties of its largest satellite galaxies, the Magellanic Clouds (MCs), and an assumed prior of a {Lambda}CDM universe. The large, high-resolution Bolshoi cosmological simulation of this universe provides a means to statistically sample the dynamical properties of bright satellite galaxies in a large population of dark matter halos. The observed properties of the MCs, including their circular velocity, distance from the center of the MW, and velocity within the MW halo, are used to evaluate the likelihood that a given halo would have each or all of these properties; the posterior probability distribution function (PDF) for any property of the MW system can thus be constructed. This method provides a constraint on the MW virial mass, 1.2{sup +0.7} - {sub 0.4}(stat.){sup +0.3} - {sub 0.3}(sys.) x 10{sup 12} M {circle_dot} (68% confidence), which is consistent with recent determinations that involve very different assumptions. In addition, we calculate the posterior PDF for the density profile of the MW and its satellite accretion history. Although typical satellites of 10{sup 12} M {circle_dot} halos are accreted over a wide range of epochs over the last 10 Gyr, we find a {approx}72% probability that the MCs were accreted within the last Gyr, and a 50% probability that they were accreted together.

Busha, Michael T.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Zurich U.; Marshall, Philip J.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Oxford U.; Wechsler, Risa H.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Klypin, Anatoly; /New Mexico State U.; Primack, Joel; /UC, Santa Cruz, Phys. Dept.

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

134

THE MASS DISTRIBUTION AND ASSEMBLY OF THE MILKY WAY FROM THE PROPERTIES OF THE MAGELLANIC CLOUDS  

SciTech Connect

We present a new measurement of the mass of the Milky Way (MW) based on observed properties of its largest satellite galaxies, the Magellanic Clouds (MCs), and an assumed prior of a {Lambda}CDM universe. The large, high-resolution Bolshoi cosmological simulation of this universe provides a means to statistically sample the dynamical properties of bright satellite galaxies in a large population of dark matter halos. The observed properties of the MCs, including their circular velocity, distance from the center of the MW, and velocity within the MW halo, are used to evaluate the likelihood that a given halo would have each or all of these properties; the posterior probability distribution function (PDF) for any property of the MW system can thus be constructed. This method provides a constraint on the MW virial mass, 1.2{sup +0.7}{sub -0.4} (stat.){sup +0.3}{sub -0.3} (sys.) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} M{sub Sun} (68% confidence), which is consistent with recent determinations that involve very different assumptions. In addition, we calculate the posterior PDF for the density profile of the MW and its satellite accretion history. Although typical satellites of 10{sup 12} M{sub Sun} halos are accreted over a wide range of epochs over the last 10 Gyr, we find a {approx}72% probability that the MCs were accreted within the last Gyr, and a 50% probability that they were accreted together.

Busha, Michael T.; Marshall, Philip J.; Wechsler, Risa H. [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Physics Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Klypin, Anatoly [Astronomy Department, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States); Primack, Joel, E-mail: mbusha@physik.uzh.ch, E-mail: pjm@slac.stanford.edu, E-mail: rwechsler@stanford.edu, E-mail: aklypin@nmsu.edu, E-mail: joel@ucsc.edu [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

135

Reply to Comments on ``Seasonal Variation of the Physical Properties of Marine Boundary Layer Clouds off the California Coast''  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CloudSat and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Stellite Observations (CALIPSO). J. Geophys

136

Molecular Cloud Properties and CO Line Emission in z >~ 6 Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore molecular cloud properties and the physics of CO transition lines in z >~ 6 Lyman-break galaxies and predict their CO fluxes using an analytic formalism built from global models of star formation in high-redshift galaxies that minimizes our reliance on local observations. Our model includes a new approach to calculating the molecular gas fraction that takes the total gas density, the star formation rate, and the star formation efficiency in clouds as the principle inputs. This method agrees with chemical equilibrium calculations of the molecular fraction based on local chemistry if galaxies at z >~ 6 have metallicities in the range of 3--30 percent of solar. Such low metallicities in turn imply that much of the carbon in these systems exists in ionized form rather than as CO. Moreover, we find that CO transitions will typically be sub-thermally populated, especially those higher-order lines observable at high redshift with ALMA. Ultimately, we expect current facilities will not be able to observe t...

Muńoz, Joseph A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Cluster Analysis of Cloud Properties over the Southern European Mediterranean Area in Observations and a Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates how satellite observations of the cloudiness over a complex area such as the European Mediterranean area can be classified into distinct cloud regimes by application of a K-means clustering algorithm to pixel-level cloud ...

Frédérique Chéruy; Filipe Aires

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

A Midlatitude Cirrus Cloud Climatology from the Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing. Part III: Radiative Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Part III of a series of papers describing the extended time high-cloud observations from the University of Utah Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing (FARS) supporting the First International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) ...

Kenneth Sassen; Jennifer M. Comstock

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

The Effects of In-Cloud Sulfate Production on Light-Scattering Properties of Continental Aerosol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Model calculations am presented for continental scenarios that demonstrate that the heterogeneity in the chemistry of different size cloud drops can have a significant impact on the amount of sulfate produced in cloud, its size distribution, and ...

Po-Fat Yuen; Dean A. Hegg; Timothy V. Larson

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Size Distributions and Dynamical Properties of Shallow Cumulus Clouds from Aircraft Observations and Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper aircraft observations of shallow cumulus over Florida during the Small Cumulus Microphysics Study (SCMS) are analyzed. Size distributions of cloud fraction, mass flux, and in-cloud buoyancy flux are derived. These distributions ...

Stefaan M. A. Rodts; Peter G. Duynkerke; Harm J. J. Jonker

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Clouds at Arctic Atmospheric Observatories. Part I: Occurrence and Macrophysical Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud observations over the past decade from six Arctic atmospheric observatories are investigated to derive estimates of cloud occurrence fraction, vertical distribution, persistence in time, diurnal cycle, and boundary statistics. Each ...

Matthew D. Shupe; Von P. Walden; Edwin Eloranta; Taneil Uttal; James R. Campbell; Sandra M. Starkweather; Masataka Shiobara

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Arctic Stratus Cloud Properties and Radiative Forcing Derived from Ground-Based Data Collected at Barrow, Alaska  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A record of single-layer and overcast low-level Arctic stratus cloud properties has been generated using data collected from May to September 2000 at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) North Slope of Alaska (NSA) (71.3°N, 156.6°W) site ...

Xiquan Dong; Gerald G. Mace

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

DOE/SC-ARM-10-021 STORMVEX: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 STORMVEX: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment Science and Operations Plan J Mace Principal Investigator S Matrosov B Orr M Shupe R Coulter P Lawson A Sedlacek G Hallar L Avallone I McCubbin C Long R Marchand September 2010 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service

144

ISCCP Cloud Algorithm Intercomparison  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) will provide a uniform global climatology of satellite-measured radiances and derive an experimental climatology of cloud radiative properties from these radiances. A pilot study to ...

W. B. Rossow; F. Mosher; E. Kinsella; A. Arking; M. Desbois; E. Harrison; P. Minnis; E. Ruprecht; G. Seze; C. Simmer; E. Smith

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Satellite and Surface Data Synergy for Developing a 3D Cloud Structure and Properties Characterization Over the ARM SGP. S...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Satellite and Surface Data Synergy for Developing Satellite and Surface Data Synergy for Developing a 3D Cloud Structure and Properties Characterization Over the ARM SGP Site Stage 1: Cloud Amounts, Optical Depths, and Cloud Heights Reconciliation I. Genkova and C. N. Long Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington P. W. Heck Analytical Services & Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction One of the primary Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program objectives is to obtain measurements applicable to the development of models for better understanding of radiative processes in the atmosphere. We address this goal by building a three-dimensional (3D) characterization of the

146

Mercury Geochemical, Groundwater Geochemical, And Radiometric Geophysical  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geochemical, Groundwater Geochemical, And Radiometric Geophysical Geochemical, Groundwater Geochemical, And Radiometric Geophysical Signatures At Three Geothermal Prospects In Northern Nevada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Mercury Geochemical, Groundwater Geochemical, And Radiometric Geophysical Signatures At Three Geothermal Prospects In Northern Nevada Details Activities (14) Areas (3) Regions (0) Abstract: Ground water sampling, desorbed mercury soil geochemical surveys and a radiometric geophysical survey was conducted in conjunction with geological mapping at three geothermal prospects in northern Nevada. Orientation sample lines from 610 m (2000 ft.) to 4575 m (15,000 ft.) in length were surveyed at right angles to known and suspected faults. Scintillometer readings (gamma radiation - total counts / second) were also

147

Suggestions for Radiometric Calibration Coefficient Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The great emphasis that studies of global change have placed on accurate absolute radiometric calibration of satellite sensors has led to the development of many new onboard and vicarious calibration techniques. With the launch in 1998 of the ...

Philip N. Slater; Stuart F. Biggar

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Vicarious Radiometric Calibrations of EOS Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four methods for the in-flight radiometric calibration and cross calibration of multispectral imaging sensors are described. Three make use of ground-based reflectance, irradiance, and radiance measurements in conjunction with atmospheric ...

Phlip N. Slater; Stuart F. Biggar; Kurtis J. Thome; David I. Gellman; Paul R. Spyak

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Normalization and Calibration of Geostationary Satellite Radiances for the international Satellite Cloud Climatology Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Procedures are described for normalizing the radiometric calibration of image radiances obtained from the suite of geostationary weather satellites that contributed data to the international Satellite Cloud Climatology Project. The key step is ...

Yves Desormeaux; William B. Rossow; Christopher L. Brest; G. Garrett Campbell

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Cirrus Cloud Microphysical Property Retrieval Using Lidar and Radar Measurements. Part II: Midlatitude Cirrus Microphysical and Radiative Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The lidar–radar algorithm described in Part I of this set of papers is applied to 1000 h of Raman lidar and millimeter wave cloud radar (MMCR) data collected at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program Southern Great Plains Clouds and ...

Zhien Wang; Kenneth Sassen

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

A Global Climatology of Single-Layer and Overlapped Clouds and their Optical Properties Developed Using a New Algorithm Applied to Terra/MODIS Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Climatology of Single-Layer and Overlapped Global Climatology of Single-Layer and Overlapped Clouds and their Optical Properties Developed Using a New Algorithm Applied to Terra/MODIS Data F.-L. Chang and Z. Li Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Z. Li Department of Meteorology University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Introduction To date, weather satellites are the only tool to measure cloud and climate variables on a global scale, an objective addressed by the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) (Rossow and Schiffer 1991; Rossow and Schiffer 1999). However, there is a dearth of information concerning the global climatology of cloud vertical structure and cirrus cloud properties. This is because the often-used

152

Analysis of Aircraft, Radiosonde, and Radar Observations in Cirrus Clouds Observed during FIRE II: The Interactions between Environmental Structure, Turbulence, and Cloud Microphysical Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ways to determine the turbulence intensity and the horizontal variability in cirrus clouds have been investigated using First International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) Regional Experiment II aircraft, radiosonde, and radar data. ...

Samantha A. Smith; Anthony D. DelGenio

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Obtaining Best Estimates for the Microphysical and Radiative Properties of Tropical Ice Clouds from TWP-ICE In Situ Microphysical Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Best estimates of the bulk microphysical and radiative properties (ice water content, visible extinction, effective radius, and total concentration) are derived for three case studies of tropical ice clouds sampled during the Tropical Warm Pool ...

A. Protat; G. M. McFarquhar; J. Um; J. Delanoë

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Demonstrating the Potential for First-Class Research in Underdeveloped Countries: Research on Stratospheric Aerosols and Cirrus Clouds Optical Properties, and Radiative Effects in Cuba (1988–2010)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optical properties of stratospheric aerosols and cirrus clouds and their radiative effects are currently important subjects of research worldwide. Those investigations are typical of developed countries, conducted by several highly specialized groups ...

Juan Carlos Antuńa Marrero; René Estevan Arredondo; Boris Barja González

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

BNL | Aerosol, Cloud, Precipitation Interactions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Atmospheric aerosols exert important "indirect effects" on clouds and climate by serving as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and ice nuclei that affect cloud radiative and microphysical properties. For example, an increase in CCN increases the number concentration of droplets enhances cloud albedo, and suppresses precipitation that alters cloud coverage and lifetime. However, in the case of moist and strong convective clouds, increasing aerosols may increase precipitation and enhance storm development. Although aerosol-induced indirect effects on climate are believed to have a significant impact on global climate change, estimating their impact continues to be one of the most uncertain climate forcings.

156

Modeling of Spectralon diffusers for radiometric calibration in remote sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling of Spectralon diffusers for radiometric calibration in remote sensing G. Bazalgette Courre Abstract. Onboard calibration of radiometric measurements in remote sensing is often achieved for publication May 28, 2003. 1 Introduction Light diffusers are used in remote sensing applications

Sprik, Rudolf

157

An Evaluation of a 94-GHz Radar for Remote Sensing of Cloud Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of a 94-GHz radar is evaluated for a variety of cloud conditions. Descriptions of the radar hardware, signal processing, and calibration provide an overview of the radar's capabilities. An important component of the signal ...

E. E. Clothiaux; M. A. Miller; B. A. Albrecht; T. P. Ackerman; J. Verlinde; D. M. Babb; R. M. Peters; W. J. Syrett

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Computation of Domain-Averaged Irradiance Using Satellite-Derived Cloud Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The respective errors caused by the gamma-weighted two-stream approximation and the effective thickness approximation for computing the domain-averaged broadband shortwave irradiance are evaluated using cloud optical thicknesses derived from 1 h ...

Seiji Kato; Fred G. Rose; Thomas P. Charlock

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Range–Height Scans of Lidar Depolarization for Characterizing Properties and Phase of Clouds and Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Backscatter and depolarization lidar measurements from clouds and precipitation are reported as functions of the elevation angle of the pointing lidar direction. The data were recorded by scanning the lidar beam (Nd:YAG) at a constant angular ...

Luc R. Bissonnette; Gilles Roy; Frédéric Fabry

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Cirrus Microphysical Properties and Air Motion Statistics Using Cloud Radar Doppler Moments. Part II: Climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The algorithm described in Part I has been applied to the millimeter cloud radar observations from January 1999 to December 2005 at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) and Tropical Western Pacific (...

Min Deng; Gerald G. Mace

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Retrieval of Cloud Microphysical Properties from Thermal Infrared Observations by a Fast Iterative Radiance Fitting Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm is presented for inferring the IR optical depth, effective radius, and liquid water path of clouds from multispectral observations of emitted thermal radiation, which takes advantage of the larger number of spectral channels of ...

C. Rathke; J. Fischer

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

A Missing Solution to the Transport Equation and Its Effect on Estimation of Cloud Absorptive Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of the existing cloud radiation models treat liquid water drops of a variety of sizes as an ensemble of particles. The ensemble approach assumes that all drop sizes are well represented in an elementary volume, and its scattering and ...

Y. Knyazikhin; A. Marshak; W. J. Wiscombe; J. V. Martonchik; R. B. Myneni

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Radiative Properties of Boundary Layer Clouds: Droplet Effective Radius versus Number Concentration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The plane-parallel model for the parameterization of clouds in global climate models is examined in order to estimate the effects of the vertical profile of the microphysical parameters on radiative transfer calculations for extended boundary ...

Jean-Louis Brenguier; Hanna Pawlowska; Lothar Schüller; Rene Preusker; Jürgen Fischer; Yves Fouquart

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Remote Sensing of Surface and Cloud Properties in the Arctic from AVHRR Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Algorithms to retrieve cloud optical depth and effective radius in the Arctic using Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data are developed, using a comprehensive radiative transfer model in which the atmosphere is coupled to the ...

W. Han; K. Stamnes; Dan Lubin

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Laboratory Studies of Scattering Properties of Polluted Cloud Droplets: Implications for FSSP Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laboratory experiments were conducted in the Mainz vertical wind tunnel to study the effects of pollutants dissolved or suspended in cloud droplets on the droplet size measurements of a Forward Scattering Spectrometer Probe (FSSP). The FSSP is a ...

Karoline Diehl; Günter Huber; Subir K. Mitra; Manfred Wendisch

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Investigation of Regional and Seasonal Variations in Marine Boundary Layer Cloud Properties from MODIS Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To aid in understanding the role that marine boundary layer (MBL) clouds play in climate and assist in improving their representations in general circulation models (GCMs), their long-term microphysical and macroscale characteristics are ...

Michael P. Jensen; Andrew M. Vogelmann; William D. Collins; Guang J. Zhang; Edward P. Luke

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Remote Sensing of Cloud Optical Properties from Ground-Based Measurements of Transmittance: A Feasibility Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present a retrieval technique for the inference of cloud optical depth from data obtained by a ground-based multichannel radiometer for use in climate-related studies. The basic steps of the analysis procedure are considered, ...

E. Leontieva; K. Stamnes

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Validating Model Clouds and Their Optical Properties Using Geostationary Satellite Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A real-time validation scheme for diagnosing radiatively active clouds has been in operation for a number of years at the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. It compares IR channel imagery from four geostationary satellites and equivalent forward ...

Zhian Sun; Lawrie Rikus

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Estimation of Liquid Cloud Properties that Conserve Total-Scene Reflectance Using Satellite Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method of deriving statistical moments related to the distribution of liquid water path over partially cloudy scenes is tested using a satellite cloud climatology. The method improves the ability to reconstruct total-scene visible ...

Michael J. Foster; Ralf Bennartz; Andrew Heidinger

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Evolution of Severe and Non-severe Convection Inferred from GOES-derived Cloud Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geostationary satellites (e.g. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite [GOES]) provide high temporal resolution of cloud development and motion, which is essential to the study of many mesoscale phenomena, including thunderstorms. ...

John L. Cintineo; Michael J. Pavolonis; Justin M. Sieglaff; Andrew K. Heidinger

171

Global Distribution and Climate Forcing of Marine Organic Aerosol - Part 2: Effects on Cloud Properties and Radiative Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of simulations with the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 (CAM5) with a 7-mode Modal Aerosol Model were conducted to assess the changes in cloud microphysical properties and radiative forcing resulting from marine organic aerosols. Model simulations show that the anthropogenic aerosol indirect forcing (AIF) predicted by CAM5 is decreased in absolute magnitude by up to 0.09 Wm{sup -2} (7 %) when marine organic aerosols are included. Changes in the AIF from marine organic aerosols are associated with small global increases in low-level incloud droplet number concentration and liquid water path of 1.3 cm{sup -3} (1.5 %) and 0.22 gm{sup -2} (0.5 %), respectively. Areas especially sensitive to changes in cloud properties due to marine organic aerosol include the Southern Ocean, North Pacific Ocean, and North Atlantic Ocean, all of which are characterized by high marine organic emission rates. As climate models are particularly sensitive to the background aerosol concentration, this small but non-negligible change in the AIF due to marine organic aerosols provides a notable link for ocean-ecosystem marine low-level cloud interactions and may be a candidate for consideration in future earth system models.

Gantt, Brett; Xu, Jun; Meskhidze, N.; Zhang, Yang; Nenes, Athanasios; Ghan, Steven J.; Liu, Xiaohong; Easter, Richard C.; Zaveri, Rahul A.

2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

172

CLUSTERED STAR FORMATION IN MAGNETIC CLOUDS: PROPERTIES OF DENSE CORES FORMED IN OUTFLOW-DRIVEN TURBULENCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the physical properties of dense cores formed in turbulent, magnetized, parsec-scale clumps of molecular clouds, using three-dimensional numerical simulations that include protostellar outflow feedback. The dense cores are identified in the simulated density data cube through a clumpfind algorithm. We find that the core velocity dispersion does not show any clear dependence on the core size, in contrast to Larson's linewidth-size relation, but consistent with recent observations. In the absence of a magnetic field, the majority of the cores have supersonic velocity dispersions. A moderately strong magnetic field reduces the dispersion to a subsonic or at most transonic value typically. Most of the cores are out of virial equilibrium, with the external pressure dominating the self-gravity. The implication is that the core evolution is largely controlled by the outflow-driven turbulence. Even an initially weak magnetic field can retard star formation significantly, because the field is amplified by the outflow-driven turbulence to an equipartition strength, with the distorted field component dominating the uniform one. In contrast, for a moderately strong field, the uniform component remains dominant. Such a difference in the magnetic structure is evident in our simulated polarization maps of dust thermal emission; it provides a handle on the field strength. Recent polarization measurements show that the field lines in cluster-forming clumps are spatially well ordered. It is indicative of a moderately strong, dynamically important field which, in combination with outflow feedback, can keep the rate of star formation in embedded clusters at the observationally inferred, relatively slow rate of several percent per free-fall time.

Nakamura, Fumitaka [National Astronomical Observatory, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Li Zhiyun, E-mail: fumitaka.nakamura@nao.ac.jp, E-mail: zl4h@virginia.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States)

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

173

On the Usage of Spectral and Broadband Satellite Instrument Measurements to Differentiate Climate Models with Different Cloud Feedback Strengths  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Top-of-atmosphere radiometric signals associated with different high- and low-cloud–radiative feedbacks have been examined through the use of an observing system simulation experiment (OSSE). The OSSE simulates variations in the spectrally ...

Daniel R. Feldman; Daniel M. Coleman; William D. Collins

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

On the Usage of Spectral and Broadband Satellite Instrument Measurements to Differentiate Climate Models with Different Cloud Feedback Strengths  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Top-of-atmosphere radiometric signals associated with different high- and low-cloud radiative feedbacks have been examined through the use of an observing system simulation experiment (OSSE). The OSSE simulates variations in the spectrally ...

Daniel R. Feldman; Daniel M. Coleman; William D. Collins

175

Radiative Effects of Cloud Inhomogeneity and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cloud-overlap assumptions and optical property approximations (Del Genio et al. 1996; Fowler and Randall 1996; Liang and Wang 1997). While GCMs require convection and cloud...

176

FINAL REPORT FOR THE DOE/ARM PROJECT TITLED Representation of the Microphysical and Radiative Properties of Ice Clouds in SCMs and GCMs  

SciTech Connect

The broad goal of this research is to improve climate prediction through better representation of cirrus cloud microphysical and radiative properties in global climate models (GCMs). Clouds still represent the greatest source of uncertainty in climate prediction, and the representation of ice clouds is considerably more challenging than liquid water clouds. While about 40% of cloud condensate may be in the form of ice by some estimates, there have been no credible means of representing the ice particle size distribution and mass removal rates from ice clouds in GCMs. Both factors introduce large uncertainties regarding the global net flux, the latter factor alone producing a change of 10 W/m2 in the global net flux due to plausible changes in effective ice particle fallspeed. In addition, the radiative properties of ice crystals themselves are in question. This research provides GCMs with a credible means of representing the full (bimodal) ice particle size distribution (PSD) in ice clouds, including estimates of the small crystal (D < 65 microns) mode of the PSD. It also provides realistic estimates of mass sedimentation rates from ice clouds, which have a strong impact on their ice contents and radiative properties. This can be done through proper analysis of ice cloud microphysical data from ARM and other field campaigns. In addition, this research tests the ice cloud radiation treatment developed under two previous ARM projects by comparing it against laboratory measurements of ice cloud extinction efficiency and by comparing it with explicit theoretical calculations of ice crystal optical properties. The outcome of this project includes two PSD schemes for ice clouds; one appropriate for mid-latitude cirrus clouds and another for tropical anvil cirrus. Cloud temperature and ice water content (IWC) are the inputs for these PSD schemes, which are based on numerous PSD observations. The temperature dependence of the small crystal mode of the PSD for tropical anvils is opposite to that of mid-latitude cirrus, and this results in very different radiative properties for these two types of cirrus at temperatures less than about 50 C for a given ice water path. In addition, the representative PSD fall velocity is strongly influenced by the small crystal mode, and for temperatures less than 52 C, this fall velocity for mid-latitude cirrus is 2-8 times greater than for tropical anvil cirrus. Finally, the treatment of ice cloud optical properties was found to agree with laboratory measurements and exact theory within 15% for any given wavelength, PSD and ice particle shape. This treatment is analytical, formulated in terms of the PSD and ice particle shape properties. It thus provides the means for explicitly coupling the ice cloud microphysical and radiative properties, and can treat any combination of ice particle shape. It is very inexpensive regarding computer time. When these three deliverables were incorporated into the GCM at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) under another project, it was found that the sunlight reflected and the amount of upwelling heat absorbed by cirrus clouds depended strongly on the PSD scheme used (i.e. mid-latitude or tropical anvil). This was largely due to the fall velocities associated with the two PSD schemes, although the PSD shape was also important.

Mitchell, David L.

2005-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

177

Clouds at Arctic Atmospheric Observatories. Part II: Thermodynamic Phase Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud phase defines many cloud properties and determines the ways in which clouds interact with other aspects of the climate system. The occurrence fraction and characteristics of clouds distinguished by their phase are examined at three Arctic ...

Matthew D. Shupe

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Cloud Microphysical and Radiative Properties Derived from MODIS, VIRS, AVHRR, and GMS Data Over the Tropical Western Pacific  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microphysical and Radiative Properties Derived Microphysical and Radiative Properties Derived from MODIS, VIRS, AVHRR, and GMS Data Over the Tropical Western Pacific G. D. Nowicki, M. L. Nordeen, P. W. Heck, D. R. Doelling, and M. M. Khaiyer Analytical Services and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis National Aeronautics and Space Administration Atmospheric Sciences Division Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia S. Sun-Mack Science Applications International Corporation Hampton, Virginia Introduction Utilization of the geostationary meteorological satellite (GMS) imagery has allowed for the derivation of cloud and radiative properties over the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) on relatively high spatial and temporal scales. The layered bispectral threshold method (LBTM) has been applied to GMS data

179

The Properties and Formation of Cirrus Clouds over the Tibetan Plateau Based on Summertime Lidar Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the Tibet Ozone, Aerosol and Radiation (TOAR) project, a micropulse lidar was operated in Naqu (31.5°N, 92.1°E; 4508 m MSL) on the Tibetan Plateau to observe cirrus clouds continuously from 19 July to 26 August 2011. During the ...

Q. S. He; C. C. Li; J. Z. Ma; H. Q. Wang; G. M. Shi; Z. R. Liang; Q. Luan; F. H. Geng; X. W. Zhou

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

A Ten-Winter Record of Cloud-Droplet Physical and Chemical Properties at a Mountaintop Site in Colorado  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-droplet spectra and coincident cloud water pH measurements have been made for a portion of ten consecutive winters (1983/84?1992/93) from clouds that enveloped Storm Peak Laboratory in northwestern Colorado; cloud water ion measurements ...

Edward E. Hindman; Mechel A. Campbell; Randolph D. Borys

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

IC cloud: Enabling compositional cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing has attracted great interest from both academic and industrial communities. Different paradigms, architectures and applications based on the concept of cloud have emerged. Although many of them have been quite successful, efforts are ... Keywords: Cloud computing, cloud elasticity, cloud service, compositional cloud, infrastructure as a service (IaaS)

Yi-Ke Guo; Li Guo

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Cloud Properties Simulated by a Single-Column Model. Part II: Evaluation of Cumulus Detrainment and Ice-Phase Microphysics Using a Cloud-Resolving Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is the second in a series in which kilometer-scale-resolving observations from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program and output from the University of California, Los Angeles/Colorado State University cloud-resolving model (CRM)...

Yali Luo; Steven K. Krueger; Kuan-Man Xu

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Objective Assessment of the Information Content of Visible and Infrared Radiance Measurements for Cloud Microphysical Property Retrievals over the Global Oceans. Part I: Liquid Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of accurately representing the role of clouds in climate change studies has become increasingly apparent in recent years, leading to a substantial increase in the number of satellite sensors and associated algorithms that are ...

Tristan S. L’Ecuyer; Philip Gabriel; Kyle Leesman; Steven J. Cooper; Graeme L. Stephens

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Climatology of High Cloud Dynamics Using Profiling ARM Doppler Radar Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ice cloud properties are influenced by cloud-scale vertical air motion. Dynamical properties of ice clouds can be determined via Doppler measurements from ground-based, profiling cloud radars. Here, the decomposition of the Doppler velocities into ...

Heike Kalesse; Pavlos Kollias

185

Radiometrics At Silver Peak Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References William R. Henkle Jr., Wayne C. Gundersen, Thomas D. Gundersen (2005) Mercury Geochemical, Groundwater Geochemical, And Radiometric Geophysical Signatures At Three...

186

Radiometrics At Reese River Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References William R. Henkle Jr., Wayne C. Gundersen, Thomas D. Gundersen (2005) Mercury Geochemical, Groundwater Geochemical, And Radiometric Geophysical Signatures At Three...

187

Radiometric instrumentation and measurements guide for photovoltaic performance testing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Photovoltaic Module and Systems Performance and Engineering Project at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory performs indoor and outdoor standardization, testing, and monitoring of the performance of a wide range of photovoltaic (PV) energy conversion devices and systems. The PV Radiometric Measurements and Evaluation Team (PVSRME) within that project is responsible for measurement and characterization of natural and artificial optical radiation which stimulates the PV effect. The PV manufacturing and research and development community often approaches project members for technical information and guidance. A great area of interest is radiometric instrumentation, measurement techniques, and data analysis applied to understanding and improving PV cell, module, and system performance. At the Photovoltaic Radiometric Measurements Workshop conducted by the PVSRME team in July 1995, the need to communicate knowledge of solar and optical radiometric measurements and instrumentation, gained as a result of NREL`s long-term experiences, was identified as an activity that would promote improved measurement processes and measurement quality in the PV research and manufacturing community. The purpose of this document is to address the practical and engineering need to understand optical and solar radiometric instrument performance, selection, calibration, installation, and maintenance applicable to indoor and outdoor radiometric measurements for PV calibration, performance, and testing applications. An introductory section addresses radiometric concepts and definitions. Next, concepts essential to spectral radiometric measurements are discussed. Broadband radiometric instrumentation and measurement concepts are then discussed. Each type of measurement serves as an important component of the PV cell, module, and system performance measurement and characterization process.

Myers, D.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Observations of Cloud-Top Entrainment in Marine Stratocumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the thermodynamic and dynamic properties of entrainment events in marine stratocumulus are used to explain why cloud-top entrainment instability may not lead to the breakup of the clouds and to define the role of cloud-top ...

Qing Wang; Bruce A. Albrecht

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Investigation of Thin Cirrus Cloud Optical and Microphysical Properties on the Basis of Satellite Observations and Fast Radiative Transfer Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation focuses on the global investigation of optically thin cirrus cloud optical thickness (tau) and microphysical properties, such as, effective particle size (D_(eff)) and ice crystal habits (shapes), based on the global satellite observations and fast radiative transfer models (RTMs). In the first part, we develop two computationally efficient RTMs simulating satellite observations under cloudy-sky conditions in the visible/shortwave infrared (VIS/SWIR) and thermal inferred (IR) spectral regions, respectively. To mitigate the computational burden associated with absorption, thermal emission and multiple scattering, we generate pre-computed lookup tables (LUTs) using two rigorous models, i.e., the line-by-line radiative transfer model (LBLRTM) and the discrete ordinates radiative transfer model (DISORT). The second part introduces two methods (i.e., VIS/SWIR- and IR-based methods) to retrieve tau and D_(eff) from satellite observations in corresponding spectral regions of the two RTMs. We discuss the advantages and weakness of the two methods by estimating the impacts from different error sources on the retrievals through sensitivity studies. Finally, we develop a new method to infer the scattering phase functions of optically thin cirrus clouds in a water vapor absorption channel (1.38-µm). We estimate the ice crystal habits and surface structures by comparing the inferred scattering phase functions and numerically simulated phase functions calculated using idealized habits.

Wang, Chenxi

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

A Midlatitude Cirrus Cloud Climatology from the Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing. Part I: Macrophysical and Synoptic Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A uniquely extensive high cloud dataset has been collected from the University of Utah Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing in support of the First (ISCCP) International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project Regional Experiment extended time ...

Kenneth Sassen; James R. Campbell

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Sensitivity Analysis of Cirrus Cloud Properties from High-Resolution Infrared Spectra. Part I: Methodology and Synthetic Cirrus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of simulated high-resolution infrared (IR) emission spectra of synthetic cirrus clouds is used to perform a sensitivity analysis of top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiance to cloud parameters. Principal component analysis (PCA) is applied to ...

Brian H. Kahn; Annmarie Eldering; Michael Ghil; Simona Bordoni; Shepard A. Clough

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The 27–28 October 1986 FIRE IFO Cirrus Case Study: Spectral Properties of Cirrus Clouds in the 8–12 ?m Window  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lidar and high spectral resolution infrared radiance observations taken on board the ER-2 on 28 October 1986 are used to study the radiative properties of cirrus cloud in the 8–12 ?m window region. Measurements from the High-spectral resolution ...

Steven A. Ackerman; W. L. Smith; H. E. Revercomb; J. D. Spinhirne

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

ARM - Measurement - Cloud extinction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

extinction extinction ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud extinction The removal of radiant energy from an incident beam by the process of cloud absorption and/or scattering. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments NEPHELOMETER : Nephelometer Field Campaign Instruments CEP : Cloud Extinction Probe CLDAEROSMICRO : Cloud and Aerosol Microphysical Properties EC-CONVAIR580-BULK : Environment Canada Convair 580 Bulk Parameters

194

TC_CLOUD_REGIME.cdr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical cloud properties as a function of regime Regimes? Monsoon versus Break * Different synoptic vertical velocity profiles - Changes convective inhibition, corresponding...

195

Development and Comparison of Ground and Satellite-based Retrievals of Cirrus Cloud Physical Properties  

SciTech Connect

This report is the final update on ARM research conducted at DRI through May of 2006. A relatively minor amount of work was done after May, and last month (November), two journal papers partially funded by this project were published. The other investigator on this project, Dr. Bob d'Entremont, will be submitting his report in February 2007 when his no-cost extension expires. The main developments for this period, which concludes most of the DRI research on this project, are as follows: (1) Further development of a retrieval method for cirrus cloud ice particle effective diameter (De) and ice water path (IWP) using terrestrial radiances measured from satellites; (2) Revision and publication of the journal article 'Testing and Comparing the Modified Anomalous Diffraction Approximation'; and (3) Revision and publication of our radar retrieval method for IWC and snowfall rate.

Mitchell, David L

2009-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

196

Use of ARM/NSA Data to Validate and Improve the Remote Sensing Retrieval of Cloud and Surface Properties in the Arctic from AVHRR Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARM/NSA Data to Validate and Improve the ARM/NSA Data to Validate and Improve the Remote Sensing Retrieval of Cloud and Surface Properties in the Arctic from AVHRR Data X. Xiong QSS Group, Inc. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service Office of Research and Applications Camp Springs, Maryland R. Storvold and C. Marty Geophysical Institute University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska K. H. Stamnes Stevens Institute of Technology Hoboken, New Jersey B. D. Zak Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico Introduction Clouds in the Arctic have an important impact on the radiative energy balance. However, the effects of clouds still constitute one of the largest uncertainties in the study of climate change. Because the surface

197

Retrieval of Cirrus Cloud Radiative and Backscattering Properties Using Combined Lidar and Infrared Radiometer (LIRAD) Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for retrieval of cirrus macrophysical and radiative properties using combined ruby lidar and infrared radiometer measurements is explained in detail. The retrieval algorithm includes estimation of a variable backscatter-to-extinction ...

Jennifer M. Comstock; Kenneth Sassen

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Remote Sounding of High Clouds. V: Infrared Properties and Structures of Tropical Thunderstorm Anvils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The infrared properties and structures of some anvils emanating from local thunderstorms were studied by lidar and infrared radiometry at Darwin, tropical Northern Australia. The anvils were typically from 1 to 2 km deep, at altitudes from 7 to ...

C. M. R. Platt; A. C. Dilley; J. C. Scott; I. J. Barton; G. L. Stephens

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Visible/infrared radiometric calibration station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have begun construction of a visible/infrared radiometric calibration station that will allow for absolute calibration of optical and IR remote sensing instruments with clear apertures less than 16 inches in diameter in a vacuum environment. The calibration station broadband sources will be calibrated at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and allow for traceable absolute radiometric calibration to within {plus_minus}3% in the visible and near IR (0.4--2.5 {mu}m), and less than {plus_minus}1% in the infrared, up to 12 {mu}m. Capabilities for placing diffraction limited images or for sensor full-field flooding will exist. The facility will also include the calibration of polarization and spectral effects, spatial resolution, field of view performance, and wavefront characterization. The configuration of the vacuum calibration station consists of an off-axis 21 inch, f/3.2, parabolic collimator with a scanning fold flat in collimated space. The sources are placed, via mechanisms to be described, at the focal plane of the off-axis parabola. Vacuum system pressure will be in the 10{sup {minus}6} Torr range. The broadband white-light source is a custom design by LANL with guidance from Labsphere Inc. The continuous operating radiance of the integrating sphere will be from 0.0--0.006 W/cm{sup 2}/Sr/{mu}m (upper level quoted for {approximately}500 nm wavelength). The blackbody source is also custom designed at LANL with guidance from NIST. The blackbody temperature will be controllable between 250--350{degrees}K. Both of the above sources have 4.1 inch apertures with estimated radiometric instability at less than 1%. The designs of each of these units will be described. The monochromator and interferometer light sources are outside the vacuum, but all optical relay and beam shaping optics are enclosed within the vacuum calibration station. These sources are described, as well as the methodology for alignment and characterization.

Byrd, D.A.; Maier, W.B. II; Bender, S.C.; Holland, R.F.; Michaud, F.D.; Luettgen, A.L.; Christensen, R.W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); O`Brian, T.R. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NML), Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Radiometric Physics Div.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Subarctic atmospheric aerosol composition: 3. Measured and modeled properties of cloud condensation nuclei  

SciTech Connect

Predicting the ability of aerosol particles to act as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) is still a challenge and not properly incorporated in current climate models. By using field data from measurements at the sub-arctic Stordalen site, approximately 200 km north of the Arctic Circle, a hygroscopicity closure study was performed. Measured CCN number concentrations were compared with predictions that involved size distribution data and hygroscopicity data measured by a HTDMA as a proxy for the chemical composition of the aerosol. The sensitivity of the predictions to simplifying assumptions re-garding mixing state of the particles and the temporal variability of the chemical composition were explored. It was found that involving the full growth factor probability density function (GF-PDF) or the averaged growth factor (GF) or a constant averaged ?-value resulted in reasonable agreement be-tween predicted and measured CCN number concentrations. Probability distribution histograms of the performances of the different closure approaches revealed that involving the full GF-PDF resulted in the narrowest and most symmetric distribution of the predicted-to-measured CCN number concentra-tion ratio around unity. While also involving the averaged GF showed a good agreement, the constant averaged ?-value-approach resulted in most of the cases in an overestimation of CCN number con-centrations by ~15 %. Approaches where a constant estimated hygroscopicity was involved predicted CCN number concentrations in some cases well but largely overestimated (assuming internally mixed ammonium sulphate particles) or underestimated (assuming internally mixed organic aerosol particles with ? = 0.1) CCN number concentrations. It is therefore recommended that at least an averaged measured proxy for the aerosol’s chemical composition be incorporated in future CCN predictions and climate models.

Kammermann, Lukas; Gysel, Martin; Weingartner, E.; Herich, Hanna; Holst, Thomas; Cziczo, Daniel J.; Svenningsson, Birgitta; Arneth, Almut; Baltensperger, Urs

2010-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A Prognostic Cloud Water Parameterization for Global Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An efficient new prognostic cloud water parameterization designed for use in global climate models is described. The scheme allows for life cycle effects in stratiform clouds and permits cloud optical properties to be determined interactively. ...

Anthony D. Del Genio; Mao-Sung Yao; William Kovari; Kenneth K-W. Lo

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Solar Radiative Transfer in Clouds with Vertical Internal Inhomogeneity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To investigate the photon transport in inhomogeneous clouds, a Monte Carlo cloud model with internal variation of optical properties is developed. The data for cloud vertical internal inhomogeneity are chosen from published observations. ...

J. Li; D. J. W. Geldart; Petr Chýlek

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Aerosol Remote Sensing over Clouds Using A-Train Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The detection of aerosol above clouds is critical for the estimate of both the aerosol and cloud radiative impacts. In this study, the authors present a new method to retrieve the aerosol properties over clouds that uses the multiangle ...

F. Waquet; J. Riedi; L. C. Labonnote; P. Goloub; B. Cairns; J-L. Deuzé; D. Tanré

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

A Model Predicting the Evolution of Ice Particle Size Spectra and Radiative Properties of Cirrus Clouds. Part I: Microphysics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Lagrangian time-dependent three-dimensional model was developed that predicts the evolution of ice particle size spectra in cirrus clouds in terms of the growth processes of vapor diffusion and aggregation, as well as the cloud updraft profile. ...

David L. Mitchell

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Effects of turbulent mixing on the structure and macroscopic properties of stratocumulus clouds demonstrated by a Lagrangian trajectory model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of turbulent mixing in formation of the structure of stratocumulus clouds is investigated using a Lagrangian-Eulerian parcel cloud model containing ~2000-5000 adjacent parcels with the linear size of 25-40 m, moving with a turbulent-like ...

L. Magaritz-Ronen; M. Pinsky; A. Khain

206

The Albedo Field and Cloud Radiative Forcing Produced by a General Circulation Model with Internally Generated Cloud Optics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A spectral general circulation model (GCM) is run for perpetual January with fixed sea surface temperature conditions. It has internally generated, variable cloud optical properties as well as variable cloud arm and heights. The cloud optics are ...

Thomas P. Charlock; V. Ramanathan

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Stratocumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews the current knowledge of the climatological, structural, and organizational aspects of stratocumulus clouds and the physical processes controlling them. More of Earth’s surface is covered by stratocumulus clouds than by any ...

Robert Wood

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Entrainment and Detrainment in Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical redistribution of air and its properties inside convective clouds can be studied by standard thermodynamic analyses (Paluch and saturation point diagrams) if the clouds are nonprecipitating and ice free. It is shown from such analysis ...

Gregory R. Taylor; Marcia B. Baker

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Cloud Particle Phase Determination with the AVHRR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An accurate determination of cloud particle phase is required for the retrieval of other cloud properties from satellite and for radiative flux calculations in climate models. The physical principles underlying phase determination using the ...

Jeffrey R. Key; Janet M. Intrieri

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Final Technical Report for "Ice nuclei relation to aerosol properties: Data analysis and model parameterization for IN in mixed-phase clouds"Ă?Âť (DOE/SC00002354)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds play an important role in weather and climate. In addition to their key role in the hydrologic cycle, clouds scatter incoming solar radiation and trap infrared radiation from the surface and lower atmosphere. Despite their importance, feedbacks involving clouds remain as one of the largest sources of uncertainty in climate models. To better simulate cloud processes requires better characterization of cloud microphysical processes, which can affect the spatial extent, optical depth and lifetime of clouds. To this end, we developed a new parameterization to be used in numerical models that describes the variation of ice nuclei (IN) number concentrations active to form ice crystals in mixed-phase (water droplets and ice crystals co-existing) cloud conditions as these depend on existing aerosol properties and temperature. The parameterization is based on data collected using the Colorado State University continuous flow diffusion chamber in aircraft and ground-based campaigns over a 14-year period, including data from the DOE-supported Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. The resulting relationship is shown to more accurately represent the variability of ice nuclei distributions in the atmosphere compared to currently used parameterizations based on temperature alone. When implemented in one global climate model, the new parameterization predicted more realistic annually averaged cloud water and ice distributions, and cloud radiative properties, especially for sensitive higher latitude mixed-phase cloud regions. As a test of the new global IN scheme, it was compared to independent data collected during the 2008 DOE-sponsored Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC). Good agreement with this new data set suggests the broad applicability of the new scheme for describing general (non-chemically specific) aerosol influences on IN number concentrations feeding mixed-phase Arctic stratus clouds. Finally, the parameterization was implemented into a regional cloud-resolving model to compare predictions of ice crystal concentrations and other cloud properties to those observed in two intensive case studies of Arctic stratus during ISDAC. Our implementation included development of a prognostic scheme of ice activation using the IN parameterization so that the most realistic treatment of ice nuclei, including their budget (gains and losses), was achieved. Many cloud microphysical properties and cloud persistence were faithfully reproduced, despite a tendency to under-predict (by a few to several times) ice crystal number concentrations and cloud ice mass, in agreement with some other studies. This work serves generally as the basis for improving predictive schemes for cloud ice crystal activation in cloud and climate models, and more specifically as the basis for such a scheme to be used in a Multi-scale Modeling Format (MMF) that utilizes a connected system of cloud-resolving models on a global grid in an effort to better resolve cloud processes and their influence on climate.

Paul J. DeMott, Anthony J. Prenni; Sonia M. Kreidenweis

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

211

The Role of Ice Particle Shapes and Size Distributions in the Single Scattering Properties of Cirrus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The roles of ice particle size distributions (SDs) and particle shapes in cirrus cloud solar radiative transfer are investigated by analyzing SDs obtained from optical array probe measurements (particle sizes larger than 20–40 ?m) during ...

Andreas Macke; Peter N. Francis; Greg M. McFarquhar; Stefan Kinne

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

A Method for Forecasting Cloud Condensation Nuclei Using Predictions of Aerosol Physical and Chemical Properties from WRF/Chem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Model investigations of aerosol–cloud interactions across spatial scales are necessary to advance basic understanding of aerosol impacts on climate and the hydrological cycle. Yet these interactions are complex, involving numerous physical and ...

Daniel Ward; William Cotton

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A Midlatitude Cirrus Cloud Climatology from the Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing. Part II: Microphysical Properties Derived from Lidar Depolarization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Part II of this series of papers describing the results of the extended time observations of cirrus clouds from the University of Utah Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing (FARS), the information content of laser backscatter depolarization ...

Kenneth Sassen; Sally Benson

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

The 27–28 October 1986 FIRE IFO Cirrus Case Study: Cloud Optical Properties Determined by High Spectral Resolution Lidar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the FIRE cirrus IFO, the High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) was operated from a roof top site on the University of Wisconsin–Madison campus. Because the HSRL technique separately measures the molecular and cloud particle backscatter ...

C. J. Grund; E. W. Eloranta

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Retrieval of cloud properties using CALIPSO Imaging Infrared Radiometer. Part II: effective diameter and ice water path  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper describes the version 3 Level 2 operational analysis of the Imaging Infrared Radiometer (IIR) data collected in the framework of the CALIPSO mission to retrieve cirrus cloud effective diameter and ice water path in synergy with the ...

Anne Garnier; Jacques Pelon; Philippe Dubuisson; Ping Yang; Michaël Faivre; Olivier Chomette; Nicolas Pascal; Pat Lucker; Tim Murray

216

Cirrus Cloud Properties Derived from POLDER-1/ADEOS Polarized Radiances: First Validation Using a Ground-Based Lidar Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bidirectional polarized reflectances measured with the POLDER-1 instrument on board Advanced Earth Observing Satellite-1 have been used to infer cloud altitude and thermodynamical phase (ice/liquid) at a global scale. This paper presents a ...

Hélčne Chepfer; Philippe Goloub; James Spinhirne; Pierre H. Flamant; Mario Lavorato; Laurent Sauvage; Gérard Brogniez; Jacques Pelon

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Cirrus Cloud Microphysical Property Retrieval Using Lidar and Radar Measurements. Part I: Algorithm Description and Comparison with In Situ Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A retrieval algorithm is described to estimate vertical profiles of cirrus-cloud ice water content (IWC) and general effective size Dge from combined lidar and radar measurements. In the algorithm, the lidar extinction coefficient ? is ...

Zhien Wang; Kenneth Sassen

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Statistical cloud coverage as a function of cloud optical thickness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The time-averaged, daylight fractional statistical cloud coverages as a function of cloud optical thickness and selected values of cloud transmission were determined for various geographic areas using D1 data from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP). The regions of interest chosen for this report are: global earth, global sea, global land, global coast, and the six 30{degree}-latitude bands over sea, over land, and over coast with longitude 0{degree}--360{degree}. This statistical information is deduced from data determined from satellite measurements of terrestrial, atmospheric and cloud properties by the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project. In particular the results are based on the ISCCP D1 data base.

Brower, K.L.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Radiative Transfer in Cirrus Clouds. Part IV: On Cloud Geometry, Inhomogeneity, and Absorption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of cloud geometry and inhomogeneity on the radiative properties of cirrus clouds are investigated by using the successive orders of scattering (SOS) approach for radiative transfer. This approach is an integral solution method that em ...

K. N. Liou; N. Rao

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Cloud Chmabers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Video - (Requires Windows Media Player) Build your own cloud chamber - Instructions Project Contact: Tom Jordan Web Maintainer: qnet-webmaster@fnal.gov Last Update: May 31, 2011...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

ARM - Measurement - Total cloud water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cloud water cloud water ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Total cloud water The total concentration (mass/vol) of ice and liquid water particles in a cloud; this includes condensed water content (CWC). Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. External Instruments NCEPGFS : National Centers for Environment Prediction Global Forecast System Field Campaign Instruments CSI : Cloud Spectrometer and Impactor PDI : Phase Doppler Interferometer

222

ARM - Measurement - Cloud droplet size  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

droplet size droplet size ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud droplet size Linear size (e.g. radius or diameter) of a cloud particle Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Field Campaign Instruments CPI : Cloud Particle Imager CVI-AIR : Counterflow Virtual Impactor MIRAI : JAMSTEC Research Vessel Mirai PDI : Phase Doppler Interferometer UAV-PROTEUS-MICRO : Proteus Cloud Microphysics Instruments SPEC-CPI : Stratton Park Engineering Company - Cloud particle imager

223

Cirrus Cloud Properties Derived from High Spectral Resolution Infrared Spectrometry during FIRE II. Part III: Ground-Based HIS Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During FIRE II, cirrus clouds were observed in the wavelength range 3–19, µm with two High Resolution Interferometer Sounders as described in the Part I companion paper. One, known as AC-HIS, was mounted on the NASA ER-2 aircraft in order to look ...

A. D. Collard; S. A. Ackerman; W. L. Smith; X. Ma; H. E. Revercomb; R. O. Knuteson; S-C. Lee

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

ARM - Measurement - Cloud base height  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

base height base height ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud base height For a given cloud or cloud layer, the lowest level of the atmosphere where cloud properties are detectable. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments BLC : Belfort Laser Ceilometer MPL : Micropulse Lidar MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler RL : Raman Lidar VCEIL : Vaisala Ceilometer External Instruments NOAASURF : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data, collected by NWS and NCDC

225

Cellular clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper progresses an analysis of what it means to be a cellular network operator and what form the ownership and control of future cellular networks may take. Alternative modes of ownership may allow for the creation of more flexible cellular networking ... Keywords: Cellular Cloud, Cellular network, Cloud Computing, Cognitive radio, DSA, LTE, MVNO, Services, Utility Cellular Network

Tim Forde; Linda Doyle

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

ARM - Evaluation Product - Cloud Classification VAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

properties includes cloud boundaries, thickness, phase, type, and precipitation information, and hence provides a useful tool for evaluation of model simulations and...

227

Cloud computing for dynamic systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing is a fast emerging model for enabling dynamic on-demand computing and IT-based services. It promotes dynamic properties and characteristics such as scalability, agility, flexibility, virtualised and distributed on-demand computing. However, ...

Khaled Sabry

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Possible Aerosol Effects on Ice Clouds via Contact Nucleation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The indirect effect of aerosols on water clouds, whereby aerosol particles change cloud optical properties, is caused by aerosol-induced changes of the size and number of cloud droplets. This affects the lifetime of the water clouds as well as ...

Ulrike Lohmann

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

ARM - Field Campaign - Spring Cloud IOP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsSpring Cloud IOP govCampaignsSpring Cloud IOP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Spring Cloud IOP 2000.03.01 - 2000.03.26 Lead Scientist : Gerald Mace For data sets, see below. Summary The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program conducted a Cloud Intensive Operational Period (IOP) in March 2000 that was the first-ever effort to document the 3-dimensional cloud field from observational data. Prior numerical studies of solar radiation propagation through the atmosphere in the presence of clouds have been limited by the necessity to use theoretical representations of clouds. Three-dimensional representations of actual clouds and their microphysical properties, such as the distribution of ice and water, had previously not been possible

230

Infrared Cloud Imager Deployment at the North Slope of Alaska During Early 2002  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Infrared Cloud Imager Deployment Infrared Cloud Imager Deployment at the North Slope of Alaska During Early 2002 J. A. Shaw and B. Thurairajah Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Montana State University Bozeman, Montana E. Edqvist National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado K. Mizutani Communications Research Laboratory Koganei, Tokyo, Japan Introduction Starting in February 2002, we deployed a new cloud-radiation sensor called the infrared cloud imager (ICI) at the North Slope of Alaska (NSA) site near Barrow, Alaska (71.32 N, 156.62 W). ICI records radiometrically calibrated images of the thermal infrared sky radiance in the 8µm to 14 µm wavelength band, from which spatial cloud statistics and spatially resolved cloud radiance can be determined.

231

Cloud Clearing over the Ocean in the Processing of Data from the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Infrared radiometric measurements of surface parameters are prone to error if clouds are present in the observation path. The along-track scanning radiometer (ATSR) with its novel dual-view feature is able to correct for absorption effects in the ...

Albin M. Závody; Christopher T. Mutlow; David T. Llewellyn-Jones

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

ARM - Measurement - Cloud ice particle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ice particle ice particle ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud ice particle Particles made of ice found in clouds. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation Field Campaign Instruments REPLICATOR : Balloon-borne Ice Crystal Replicator CPI : Cloud Particle Imager CVI-AIR : Counterflow Virtual Impactor LEARJET : Lear Jet PARTIMG : Particle imager UAV-PROTEUS-MICRO : Proteus Cloud Microphysics Instruments

233

ARM - Measurement - Cloud condensation nuclei  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

condensation nuclei condensation nuclei ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud condensation nuclei Small particles (typically 0.0002 mm, or 1/100 th the size of a cloud droplet) about which cloud droplets coalesce. Categories Aerosols, Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System CCN : Cloud Condensation Nuclei Particle Counter Field Campaign Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System

234

In Situ Cloud Sensing with Multiple Scattering Lidar: Simulations and Demonstration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the spatially inhomogeneous nature of clouds there are large uncertainties in validating remote sensing retrievals of cloud properties with traditional in situ cloud probes, which have sampling volumes measured in liters. This paper ...

K. Franklin Evans; R. Paul Lawson; Pat Zmarzly; Darren O'Connor; Warren J. Wiscombe

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Polarization Lidar at Summit, Greenland for the Detection of Cloud Phase and Particle Orientation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate measurements of cloud properties are necessary to document the full range of cloud conditions and characteristics. The Cloud, Aerosol Polarization and Backscatter Lidar (CAPABL) has been developed to address this need by measuring ...

Ryan R. Neely III; Matthew Hayman; Robert Stillwell; Jeffrey P. Thayer; R. Michael Hardesty; Michael O’Neill; Matthew D. Shupe; Catherine Alvarez

236

Sensitivity Studies of Aerosol–Cloud Interactions in Mixed-Phase Orographic Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anthropogenic aerosols serve as a source of both cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and ice nuclei (IN) and affect microphysical properties of clouds. Increasing aerosol number concentration is assumed to retard the cloud droplet coalescence and the ...

Andreas Muhlbauer; Ulrike Lohmann

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Polarization Lidar at Summit, Greenland, for the Detection of Cloud Phase and Particle Orientation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate measurements of cloud properties are necessary to document the full range of cloud conditions and characteristics. The Cloud, Aerosol Polarization and Backscatter Lidar (CAPABL) has been developed to address this need by measuring ...

Ryan R. Neely III; Matthew Hayman; Robert Stillwell; Jeffrey P. Thayer; R. Michael Hardesty; Michael O'Neill; Matthew D. Shupe; Catherine Alvarez

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

An Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Value-Added Product to Retrieve Optically Thin Cloud Visible Optical Depth using Micropulse Lidar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the Micropulse Lidar (MPL) Cloud Optical Depth (MPLCOD) Value-Added Product (VAP) is to retrieve the visible (short-wave) cloud optical depth for optically thin clouds using MPL. The advantage of using the MPL to derive optical depth is that lidar is able to detect optically thin cloud layers that may not be detected by millimeter cloud radar or radiometric techniques. The disadvantage of using lidar to derive optical depth is that the lidar signal becomes attenuation limited when ? approaches 3 (this value can vary depending on instrument specifications). As a result, the lidar will not detect optically thin clouds if an optically thick cloud obstructs the lidar beam.

Lo, C; Comstock, JM; Flynn, C

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Pre-Cloud Aerosol, Cloud Droplet Concentration, and Cloud Condensation Nuclei from the VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere Land Study (VOCALS) Field Campaign First Quarter 2010 ASR Program Metric Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this, the first of a series of Program Metric Reports, we (1) describe archived data from the DOE G-1 aircraft, (2) illustrate several relations between sub-cloud aerosol, CCN, and cloud droplets pertinent to determining the effects of pollutant sources on cloud properties, and (3) post to the data archive an Excel spreadsheet that contains cloud and corresponding sub-cloud data.

Kleinman, LI; Springston, SR; Daum, PH; Lee, Y-N; Sedlacek, AJ; Senum, G; Wang, J

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

240

Comparison of Airborne In Situ, Airborne Radar–Lidar, and Spaceborne Radar–Lidar Retrievals of Polar Ice Cloud Properties Sampled during the POLARCAT Campaign  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study illustrates the high potential of RALI, the French airborne radar–lidar instrument, for studying cloud processes and evaluating satellite products when satellite overpasses are available. For an Arctic nimbostratus ice cloud collected ...

Julien Delanoë; Alain Protat; Olivier Jourdan; Jacques Pelon; Mathieu Papazzoni; Régis Dupuy; Jean-Francois Gayet; Caroline Jouan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Cirrus Cloud Radiative and Microphysical Properties from Ground Observations and In Situ Measurements during FIRE 1991 and Their Application to Exhibit Problems in Cirrus Solar Radiative Transfer Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements from the FIRE 1991 cirrus cloud field experiment in the central United States are presented and analyzed.

S. Kinne; T. P. Ackerman; M. Shiobara; A. Uchiyama; A. J. Heymsfield; L. Miloshevich; J. Wendell; E. Eloranta; C. Purgold; R. W. Bergstrom

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Cloud computing beyond objects: seeding the cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing is an emerging computing milieu which dynamically enables scalable and virtually unlimited resources. This panel will discuss emerging tools, skills and technologies that will ""seed the cloud"" - enabling improved interoperability, security, ... Keywords: cloud computing, skills, technologies, tools

Steven Fraser; Robert Biddle; Scott Jordan; Kate Keahey; Bob Marcus; E. Michael Maximilien; Dave Thomas

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Arctic Mixed-Phase Cloud Properties Derived from Surface-Based Sensors at SHEBA MATTHEW D. SHUPE AND SERGEY Y. MATROSOV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, cloud-top liquid layer from which ice particles formed and fell, although deep, multilayered mixed-phase. These values are all larger than those found in single-phase ice clouds at SHEBA. Vertically resolved cloud phases can coexist is in question. A re- view of model parameterizations shows the lower tem- perature

Shupe, Matthew

244

Towards a Characterization of Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Towards a Characterization of Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds Towards a Characterization of Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds Shupe, Matthew CIRES/NOAA/ETL Kollias, Pavlos Brookhaven National Laboratory Category: Cloud Properties Mixed-phase clouds play a unique role in the Arctic, where the delicate balance of phases in these clouds can have a profound impact on the surface radiation balance and various cloud-atmosphere-radiation-surface feedback processes. A better understanding of these clouds is clearly important and has been a recent objective of the ARM program. To this end, multiple sensors including radar, lidar, and temperature soundings, have been utilized in an automated cloud type classification scheme for clouds observed at the North Slope of Alaska site. The performance of this new algorithm at identifying mixed-phase cloud conditions is compared with an

245

ARM - Measurement - Cloud particle size distribution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

size distribution size distribution ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud particle size distribution The number of cloud particles present in any given volume of air within a specified size range, including liquid and ice. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments WSACR : Scanning ARM Cloud Radar, tuned to W-Band (95GHz) Field Campaign Instruments CPI : Cloud Particle Imager CLDAEROSMICRO : Cloud and Aerosol Microphysical Properties

246

THE BOLOCAM GALACTIC PLANE SURVEY. III. CHARACTERIZING PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF MASSIVE STAR-FORMING REGIONS IN THE GEMINI OB1 MOLECULAR CLOUD  

SciTech Connect

We present the 1.1 mm Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey (BGPS) observations of the Gemini OB1 molecular cloud complex, and targeted NH{sub 3} observations of the BGPS sources. When paired with molecular spectroscopy of a dense gas tracer, millimeter observations yield physical properties such as masses, radii, mean densities, kinetic temperatures, and line widths. We detect 34 distinct BGPS sources above 5{sigma} = 0.37 Jy beam{sup -1} with corresponding 5{sigma} detections in the NH{sub 3}(1,1) transition. Eight of the objects show water maser emission (20%). We find a mean millimeter source FWHM of 1.12 pc and a mean gas kinetic temperature of 20 K for the sample of 34 BGPS sources with detections in the NH{sub 3}(1,1) line. The observed NH{sub 3} line widths are dominated by non-thermal motions, typically found to be a few times the thermal sound speed expected for the derived kinetic temperature. We calculate the mass for each source from the millimeter flux assuming the sources are isothermal and find a mean isothermal mass within a 120'' aperture of 230 {+-} 180 M{sub sun}. We find a total mass of 8400 M{sub sun} for all BGPS sources in the Gemini OB1 molecular cloud, representing 6.5% of the cloud mass. By comparing the millimeter isothermal mass to the virial mass calculated from the NH{sub 3} line widths within a radius equal to the millimeter source size, we find a mean virial parameter (M{sub vir}/M {sub iso}) of 1.0 {+-} 0.9 for the sample. We find mean values for the distributions of column densities of 1.0 x 10{sup 22} cm{sup -2} for H{sub 2}, and 3.0 x 10{sup 14} cm{sup -2} for NH{sub 3}, giving a mean NH{sub 3} abundance of 3.0 x 10{sup -8} relative to H{sub 2}. We find volume-averaged densities on the order of 10{sup 3}-10{sup 4} cm{sup -3}. The sizes and densities suggest that in the Gem OB1 region the BGPS is detecting the clumps from which stellar clusters form, rather than smaller, higher density cores where single stars or small multiple systems form.

Dunham, Miranda K.; Evans, Neal J.; Harvey, Paul; Merello, Manuel [Department of Astronomy, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C1400, Austin, TX 78712-0259 (United States); Rosolowsky, Erik [University of British Columbia, Okanagan, 3333 University Way, Kelowna BC V1V 1V7 (Canada); Cyganowski, Claudia J. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Aguirre, James [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Bally, John; Battersby, Cara; Ginsburg, Adam; Glenn, Jason; Stringfellow, Guy S. [CASA, University of Colorado, 389-UCB, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Bradley, Eric Todd [Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, FL 32816-2385 (United States); Dowell, Darren [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91104 (United States); Drosback, Meredith [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Schlingman, Wayne; Shirley, Yancy L. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Walawender, Josh [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 640 N. Aohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Williams, Jonathan P., E-mail: nordhaus@astro.as.utexas.ed [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)

2010-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

247

Improving Retrievals of Cirrus Cloud Particle Size Coupling Lidar and Three-Channel Radiometric Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study is intended to illustrate the potential advantage of combining lidar measurements and the split-window technique based on the infrared spectral information contained at the 8.65-, 11.15-, and 12.05-?m bands for inferring the ...

M. Chiriaco; H. Chepfer; V. Noel; A. Delaval; M. Haeffelin; P. Dubuisson; P. Yang

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Cloud Computing Operations Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper argues that the cloud computing industry faces many decision problems where operations research OR could add tremendous value. To this end, we provide an OR perspective on cloud computing in three ways. First, we compare the cloud computing ... Keywords: cloud IT, cloud computing, green IT, operations research, supply chain

Ilyas Iyoob, Emrah Zarifoglu, A. B. Dieker

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The 2004 North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2004 North Slope of Alaska 2004 North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment E. R. Westwater, M. A. Klein, and V. Leuski Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado A. J. Gasiewski, T. Uttal, and D. A. Hazen National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado D. Cimini Remote Sensing Division, CETEMPS Universita' dell'Aquila L'Aquila, Italy V. Mattioli Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettronica e dell'Informazione Perugia, Italy B. L. Weber and S. Dowlatshahi Science Technology Corporation Boulder, Colorado J. A. Shaw Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

250

The Impact of Ice Crystal Shapes, Size Distributions, and Spatial Structures of Cirrus Clouds on Solar Radiative Fluxes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solar radiative properties of cirrus clouds depend on ice particle shape, size, and orientation, as well as on the spatial cloud structure. Radiation schemes in atmospheric circulation models rely on estimates of cloud optical thickness only. ...

I. Schlimme; A. Macke; J. Reichardt

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Clouds as Seen by Satellite Sounders (3I) and Imagers (ISCCP). Part III: Spatial Heterogeneity and Radiative Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Their relatively good spectral resolution makes infrared sounders very useful for the determination of cloud properties (day and night), and their coarse spatial resolution has less effect on clouds with large spatial extents like cirrus clouds. ...

C. J. Stubenrauch; W. B. Rossow; N. A. Scott; A. Chédin

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Particle-resolved simulation of aerosol size, composition, mixing state, and the associated optical and cloud condensation nuclei activation properties in an evolving urban plume  

SciTech Connect

The recently developed particle-resolved aerosol box model PartMC-MOSAIC was used to simulate the evolution of aerosol mixing state and the associated optical and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) activation properties in an idealized urban plume. The model explicitly resolved the size and composition of individual particles from a number of sources and tracked their evolution due to condensation/evaporation, coagulation, emission, and dilution. The ensemble black carbon (BC) specific absorption cross section increased by 40% over the course of two days as a result of BC aging by condensation and coagulation. Three- and four-fold enhancements in CCN/CN ratios were predicted to occur within 6 hours for 0.2% and 0.5% supersaturations (S), respectively. The particle-resolved results were used to evaluate the errors in the optical and CCN activation properties that would be predicted by a conventional sectional framework that assumes monodisperse, internally-mixed particles within each bin. This assumption artificially increased the ensemble BC specific absorption by 14-30% and decreased the single scattering albedo by 0.03-0.07 while the bin resolution had a negligible effect. In contrast, the errors in CCN/CN ratios were sensitive to the bin resolution, and they depended on the chosen supersaturation. For S = 0.2%, the CCN/CN ratio predicted using 100 internally-mixed bins was up to 25% higher than the particle-resolved results, while it was up to 125% higher using 10 internally-mixed bins. Errors introduced in the predicted optical and CCN properties by neglecting coagulation were also quantified.

Zaveri, Rahul A.; Barnard, James C.; Easter, Richard C.; Riemer, Nicole; West, Matthew

2010-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

253

Radiometric Modeling of Mechanical Draft Cooling Towers to Assist in the Extraction of their Absolute Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiometric Modeling of Mechanical Draft Cooling Towers to Assist in the Extraction CENTER FOR IMAGING SCIENCE Title of Dissertation: Radiometric Modeling of Mechanical Draft Cooling Towers of Mechanical Draft Cooling Towers to Assist in the Extraction of their Absolute Temperature from Remote Thermal

Salvaggio, Carl

254

Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib Radiometric Processing of Remote Sensing Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 1 Chapter 4 Radiometric Processing of Remote Sensing Data #12;Remote. · Noise removal. · Point and edge detection. ­ Frequency domain. #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 3 Radiometric Calibration #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 4 Recorded Digital Numbers (DN) · Recorded grey

Habib, Ayman

255

Bulk Scattering Properties for the Remote Sensing of Ice Clouds. Part III: High-Resolution Spectral Models from 100 to 3250 cm?1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study reports on the development of bulk single-scattering models for ice clouds that are appropriate for use in hyperspectral radiative transfer cloud modeling over the spectral range from 100 to 3250 cm?1. The models are developed in a ...

Bryan A. Baum; Ping Yang; Shaima Nasiri; Andrew K. Heidinger; Andrew Heymsfield; Jun Li

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Cloud Condensation Nuclei  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The state of knowledge of the particles upon which liquid droplets condense to form atmospheric water clouds is presented. The realization of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) as a distinct aerosol subset originated with the cloud microphysical ...

James G. Hudson

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Forecasting of Supercooled Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using parameterizations of cloud microphysics, a technique to forecast supercooled cloud events is suggested. This technique can be coupled on the mesoscale with a prognostic equation for cloud water to improve aircraft icing forecasts. The ...

André Tremblay; Anna Glazer; Wanda Szyrmer; George Isaac; Isztar Zawadzki

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Stratocumulus Cloud Field Reflected Fluxes: The Effect of Cloud Shape  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reflected fluxes are calculated for stratocumulus cloud fields as a function of sky cover, cloud aspect ratio, and cloud shape. Cloud liquid water volume is held invariant as cloud shape is varied so that the results can be utilized more ...

R. M. Welch; B. A. Wielicki

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Aerosol First Indirect Effects on Non-Precipitating Low-Level Liquid Cloud Properties as Simulated by CAM5 at ARM Sites  

SciTech Connect

We quantitatively examine the aerosol first indirect effects (FIE) for non-precipitating low-level single-layer liquid phase clouds simulated by the Community Atmospheric Model version 5 (CAM5) running in the weather forecast mode at three DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) sites. The FIE is quantified in terms of a relative change in cloud droplet effective radius for a relative change in aerosol accumulation mode number concentration under conditions of fixed liquid water content (LWC). CAM5 simulates aerosol-cloud interactions reasonably well for this specific cloud type, and the simulated FIE is consistent with the long-term observations at the examined locations. The FIE in CAM5 generally decreases with LWC at coastal ARM sites, and is larger by using cloud condensation nuclei rather than aerosol accumulation mode number concentration as the choice of aerosol amount. However, it has no significant variations with location and has no systematic strong seasonal variations at examined ARM sites.

Zhao, Chuanfeng; Klein, Stephen A.; Xie, Shaocheng; Liu, Xiaohong; Boyle, James; Zhang, Yuying

2012-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

260

A Scheme for Parameterizing Ice-Cloud Water Content in General Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The optical properties of ice clouds are a primary issue for climate and climate change. Evaluating these optical properties in three-dimensional models for studying climate will require a method to calculate the ice water content of such clouds. ...

Andrew J. Heymsfield; Leo J. Donner

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Erroneous Relationships among Humidity and Cloud Forcing Variables in Three Global Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Links are examined between time-averaged cloud radiative properties, particularly the longwave and shortwave components of cloud radiative forcing (CRF), and properties of the long-term averages of atmospheric soundings, in particular upper-...

Florian Bennhold; Steven Sherwood

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey -- III. Characterizing Physical Properties of Massive Star-Forming Regions in the Gemini OB1 Molecular Cloud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the 1.1 millimeter Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey (BGPS) observations of the Gemini OB1 molecular cloud complex, and targeted ammonia observations of the BGPS sources. When paired with molecular spectroscopy of a dense gas tracer, millimeter observations yield physical properties such as masses, radii, mean densities, kinetic temperatures and line widths. We detect 34 distinct BGPS sources above 5-sigma=0.37 Jy/beam with corresponding 5-sigma detections in the ammonia (1,1) transition. Eight of the objects show water maser emission (20%). We find a mean millimeter source FWHM of 1.12 pc, and a mean kinetic temperature of 20 K for the sample of 34 BGPS sources. The observed ammonia line widths are dominated by non-thermal motions, typically found to be a few times the thermal sound speed expected for the derived kinetic temperature. We calculate the mass for each source from the millimeter flux assuming the sources are isothermal and find a mean isothermal mass within a 120" aperture of 230 +/- 180 s...

Dunham, Miranda K; Evans, Neal J; Cyganowski, Claudia J; Aguirre, James; Bally, John; Battersby, Cara; Bradley, Eric Todd; Dowell, Darren; Drosback, Meredith; Ginsburg, Adam; Glenn, Jason; Harvey, Paul; Merello, Manuel; Schlingman, Wayne; Shirley, Yancy L; Stringfellow, Guy S; Walawender, Josh; Williams, Jonathan P

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Glossary Term - Cloud Chamber  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ceres Previous Term (Ceres) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere) Composition of the
Earth's Atmosphere Cloud Chamber A cloud chamber showing the...

264

Nailing Down Ice in a Cloud Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nailing Down Ice in a Cloud Model Nailing Down Ice in a Cloud Model For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http://www.arm.gov/science/highlights/ Research Highlight A research team led by scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory identified specific strengths and weaknesses of four different ice cloud retrieval algorithms. Their comparisons tested the ability of the algorithms to obtain cloud properties from radar and lidar observational measurements. The team noted the sometimes large variances in heating/cooling measurements compared to the observed data. Identifying specific weaknesses will help scientists improve our understanding of cloud properties in the atmosphere, which can be used for climate model development and evaluation. "Measuring the effective size and mass of ice crystals impacts our understanding

265

Observations of the Madden Julian Oscillation for Cloud Modeling...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Manus MJO IOP * Scientific Focus - What are the primary cloud, precipitation, and thermodynamic property differences between the active and suppressed phases of the MJO,...

266

Impact of cloud microphysics on squall line organization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of turbulent- microphysical interactions and impact on optical properties. * Mixed-phase and ice clouds. We will use microphysical retrievals and aircraft observations from...

267

Foundations for Statistical-Physical Precipitation Retrieval from Passive Microwave Satellite Measurements. Part I: Brightness-Temperature Properties of a Time-dependent Cloud-Radiation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cloud-radiation model is used to investigate the relationship between emerging microwave brightness temperatures (TB's) and vertically distributed mixtures of liquid and frozen hydrometeors as a means to establish the framework for a hybrid ...

Eric A. Smith; Harry J. Cooper; Xuwu Xiang; Alberto Mugnai; Gregory J. Tripoli

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Information Content and Uncertainties in Thermodynamic Profiles and Liquid Cloud Properties Retrieved from the Ground-Based Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) observes spectrally resolved downwelling radiance emitted by the atmosphere in the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Profiles of temperature and water vapor, and cloud liquid ...

D.D. Turner; U. Löhnert

269

Evaluation of Hydrometeor Phase and Ice Properties in Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations of Tropical Deep Convection Using Radiance and Polarization Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite measurements are used to evaluate the glaciation, particle shape, and effective radius in cloud-resolving model simulations of tropical deep convection. Multidirectional polarized reflectances constrain the ice crystal geometry and the ...

Bastiaan van Diedenhoven; Ann M. Fridlind; Andrew S. Ackerman; Brian Cairns

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Procedure for Generating Data Quality Reports for SIRS Radiometric Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Procedure for Generating Data Quality Reports Procedure for Generating Data Quality Reports for SIRS Radiometric Measurements M. H. L. Anderberg, F. P. Rael, and T. L. Stoffell National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado Introduction The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program needs high-quality broadband shortwave (SW) (solar) and longwave (LW) irradiance information for the development and validation of atmospheric circulation and climate models. To this end, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) performs a quality assessment of the data from 22 Solar Infrared Stations (SIRS) in the Southern Great Plains (SGP). Data quality reports (DQRs) are instrumental in passing the resultant information to the scientific community. The value of these reports depends on clear and consistent

271

ARM - Measurement - Cloud optical depth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

optical depth optical depth ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud optical depth Amount of light cloud droplets or ice particles prevent from passing through a column of atmosphere. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. External Instruments GOES : Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites Field Campaign Instruments EC-CONVAIR580-BULK : Environment Canada Convair 580 Bulk Parameters GOES : Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites

272

Month-Long 2D Cloud-Resolving Model Simulation and Resultant Statistics of Cloud Systems Over the ARM SGP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Month-Long 2D Cloud-Resolving Model Simulation Month-Long 2D Cloud-Resolving Model Simulation and Resultant Statistics of Cloud Systems Over the ARM SGP X. Wu Department of Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Iowa State University Ames, Iowa X.-Z. Liang Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Illinois Introduction The cloud-resolving model (CRM) has recently emerged as a useful tool to develop improved representations of convections, clouds, and cloud-radiation interactions in general circulation models (GCMs). In particular, the fine spatial resolution allows the CRM to more realistically represent the detailed structure of cloud systems, including cloud geometric and radiative properties. The CRM simulations thus provide unique and comprehensive datasets, based on which more realistic GCM

273

Precipitating clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or virga An multiple sensor based approach to provide water phase as well as ice phase properties Measurements - MWR - MPL or Raman lidar - MMCR The approach Water...

274

Evaluation of the Hydrometeor Layers in the East and West Pacific Within ISCCP Cloud Top Pressure-Optical Depth Bins Using Merged CloudSat and CALIPSO Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ISCCP provides a multi-decadal and global description of cloud properties that are often grouped into joint histograms of column visible optical depth (?) and effective cloud top pressure (Ptop). It has not been possible until recently to know the ...

Gerald G. Mace; Forrest J. Wrenn

275

Distribution of Tropospheric Water Vapor in Clear and Cloudy Conditions from Microwave Radiometric Profiling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dataset gathered over 369 days in various midlatitude sites with a 12-frequency microwave radiometric profiler is used to analyze the statistical distribution of tropospheric water vapor content (WVC) in clear and cloudy conditions. The WVC ...

Alia Iassamen; Henri Sauvageot; Nicolas Jeannin; Soltane Ameur

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Radiometrics At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Radiometrics At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) Radiometrics At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Radiometrics At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) Exploration Activity Details Location Salt Wells Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Radiometrics Activity Date 2005 - 2005 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Geochemical water sampling, mineral distribution mapping, and shallow (30 cm) temperature probe measurements were conducted to expand on a previous field mapping study of surface geothermal features at Salt Wells, in order to evaluate the relationship between these features and structures that control geothermal fluid flow. Notes Borate minerals tincalconite and borax, sodium sulfate minerals mirabilite

277

Estimation of Surface Turbulent Fluxes through Assimilation of Radiometric Surface Temperature Sequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of land surface energy balance is used as a constraint on the estimation of factors characterizing land surface influences on evaporation and turbulent heat transfer from sequences of radiometric surface temperature measurements. The ...

Francesca Caparrini; Fabio Castelli; Dara Entekhabi

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Sensible Heat Flux-Radiometric Surface Temperature Relationship for Eight Semiarid Areas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of sensible heat flux, radiometric surface temperature, air temperature, and wind speed made at eight semiarid rangeland sites were used to investigate the sensible heat flux-aerodynamic resistance relationship. The individual sites ...

J. B. Stewart; W. P. Kustas; K. S. Humes; W. D. Nichols; M. S. Moran; H. A. R. de Bruin

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Feasibility Test of Multifrequency Radiometric Data Assimilation to Estimate Snow Water Equivalent  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A season-long, point-scale radiometric data assimilation experiment is performed in order to test the feasibility of snow water equivalent (SWE) estimation. Synthetic passive microwave observations at Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) and ...

Michael Durand; Steven A. Margulis

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Radiometric and Geometric Calibration of a Visible Spectral Electro-Optic “Fisheye” Camera Radiance Distribution System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Camera systems which measure a complete hemispherical field (“fisheye” lens systems), can be applied to the measurement of the radiance, but accurate radiometric and geometric calibrations are required to obtain absolute radiance data. The ...

Kenneth J. Voss; Giuseppe Zibordi

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Antarctic Cloud Radiative Forcing at the Surface Estimated from the AVHRR Polar Pathfinder and ISCCP D1 Datasets, 1985–93  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface cloud radiative forcing from the newly extended Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Polar Pathfinder (APP-x) dataset and surface cloud radiative forcing calculated using cloud and surface properties from the International ...

Michael J. Pavolonis; Jeffrey R. Key

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Continental Liquid-phase Stratus Clouds at SGP: Meteorological Influences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Continental Liquid-phase Stratus Clouds at SGP: Meteorological Influences Continental Liquid-phase Stratus Clouds at SGP: Meteorological Influences and Relationship to Adiabacity Kim, Byung-Gon Kangnung National University Schwartz, Stephen Brookhaven National Laboratory Miller, Mark Brookhaven National Laboratory Min, Qilong State University of New York at Albany Category: Cloud Properties The microphysical properties of continental stratus clouds observed over SGP appear to be substantially influenced by micrometeorological conditions, such as static stability and updraft velocity. These influences may contribute to the observed weak correlation of aerosol light scattering coefficient with cloud-drop effective radius [Kim et al., JGR, 2003], although aerosol light scattering coefficient is not necessarily the most suitable surrogate aerosol property for number concentration of cloud

283

Global Circuit Model with Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud data from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) database have been introduced into the global circuit model developed by Tinsley and Zhou. Using the cloud-top pressure data and cloud type information, the authors ...

Limin Zhou; Brian A. Tinsley

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop II. Purpose: On May 20, 2010, NIST hosted the first Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop. ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

285

Retrieval of Cloud Phase Using the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Data during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment  

SciTech Connect

Improving climate model predictions over Earth's polar regions requires a comprehensive knowledge of polar cloud microphysics. Over the Arctic, there is minimal contrast between the clouds and background snow surface, making it difficult to detect clouds and retrieve their phase from space. Snow and ice cover, temperature inversions, and the predominance of mixed-phase clouds make it even more difficult to determine cloud phase. Also, since determining cloud phase is the first step toward analyzing cloud optical depth, particle size, and water content, it is vital that the phase be correct in order to obtain accurate microphysical and bulk properties. Changes in these cloud properties will, in turn, affect the Arctic climate since clouds are expected to play a critical role in the sea ice albedo feedback. In this paper, the IR trispectral technique (IRTST) is used as a starting point for a WV and 11-{micro}m brightness temperature (T11) parameterization (WVT11P) of cloud phase using MODIS data. In addition to its ability to detect mixed-phase clouds, the WVT11P also has the capability to identify thin cirrus clouds overlying mixed or liquid phase clouds (multiphase ice). Results from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) MODIS phase model (AMPHM) are compared to the surface-based cloud phase retrievals over the ARM North Slope of Alaska (NSA) Barrow site and to in-situ data taken from University of North Dakota Citation (CIT) aircraft which flew during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (MPACE). It will be shown that the IRTST and WVT11P combined to form the AMPHM can achieve a relative high accuracy of phase discrimination compared to the surface-based retrievals. Since it only uses MODIS WV and IR channels, the AMPHM is robust in the sense that it can be applied to daytime, twilight, and nighttime scenes with no discontinuities in the output phase.

Spangenberg, D.; Minnis, P.; Shupe, M.; Uttal, T.; Poellot, M.

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

286

Phenomenological Description of Tropical Clouds Using CloudSat Cloud Classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two years of tropical oceanic cloud observations are analyzed using the operational CloudSat cloud classification product and Cloud–Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) lidar. Relationships are examined between ...

Ali Behrangi; Terry Kubar; Bjorn Lambrigtsen

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Automated cloud resource orchestration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Realizing Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) cloud requires a control platform for orchestrating the provisioning, configuration, management and decommissioning of a distributed set of diverse cloud resources (i.e., compute, storage, network) serving ...

Changbin Liu / Boon Thau Loo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

ARM - Measurement - Cloud type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

type ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud type Cloud type such as...

289

Entrainment in Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Entrainment of dry air into cumulus clouds influences the development of the clouds in a major way. The many aspects of the entrainment process are examined in this paper by critically reviewing the literature from the time when investigations ...

Alan M. Blyth

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Clouds in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds within the inner regions of tropical cyclones are unlike those anywhere else in the atmosphere. Convective clouds contributing to cyclogenesis have rotational and deep intense updrafts but tend to have relatively weak downdrafts. Within ...

Robert A. Houze Jr.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

North Australian Cloud Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A satellite classification and climatology of propagating mesoscale cloud fines in northern Australia is presented. These cloud fines range from long, narrow lines of shallow convection to extensive deep convective squall lines with mesoscale ...

W. Drosdowsky; G. J. Holland

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Clouds in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds within the inner regions of tropical cyclones are unlike those anywhere else in the atmosphere. Convective clouds contributing to cyclogenesis have rotational and deep intense updrafts but tend to have relatively weak downdrafts. Within the ...

Robert A. Houze Jr.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Intercomparison of Cloud Imagery from the DMSP OLS, NOAA AVHRR, GOES VISSR, and Landsat MSS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concurrent visible and infrared imagery from four satellite sensors (DMSP OLS, NOAA AVHRR, GOES VISSR, Landsat MSS) have been intercompared. Inherent differences in observed cloud properties and cloud field analyses are noted due to individual ...

R. G. Isaacs; J. C. Barnes

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

The Prospect for Remote Sensing of Cirrus Clouds with a Submillimeter-Wave Spectrometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given the substantial radiative effects of cirrus clouds and the need to validate cirrus cloud mass in climate models, it is important to measure the global distribution of cirrus properties with satellite remote sensing. Existing cirrus remote ...

K. Franklin Evans; Aaron H. Evans; Ira G. Nolt; B. Thomas Marshall

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Sources of Error in Dual-Wavelength Radar Remote Sensing of Cloud Liquid Water Content  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dual-wavelength ratio (DWR) techniques offer the prospect of producing high-resolution mapping of cloud microphysical properties, including retrievals of cloud liquid water content (LWC) from reflectivity measured by millimeter-wavelength radars. ...

John K. Williams; J. Vivekanandan

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Homogeneous Ice Nucleation and Supercooled Liquid Water in Orographic Wave Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates ice nucleation mechanisms in cold lenticular wave clouds, a cloud type characterized by quasi-steady-state air motions and microphysical properties. It is concluded that homogeneous ice nucleation is responsible for the ...

Andrew J. Heymsfield; Larry M. Miloshevich

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Influence of Cirrus Clouds on Weather and Climate Processes: A Global Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current understanding and knowledge of the composition and structure of cirrus clouds are reviewed and documented in this paper. In addition, the radiative properties of cirrus clouds as they relate to weather and climate processes are described ...

Kuo-Nan Liou

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

The Vertical Profile of Liquid and Ice Water Content in Midlatitude Mixed-Phase Altocumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The microphysical properties of mixed-phase altocumulus clouds are investigated using in situ airborne measurements acquired during the ninth Cloud Layer Experiment (CLEX-9) over a midlatitude location. Approximately ? of the sampled profiles are ...

Lawrence D. Carey; Jianguo Niu; Ping Yang; J. Adam Kankiewicz; Vincent E. Larson; Thomas H. Vonder Haar

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Climatology of Warm Boundary Layer Clouds at the ARM SGP Site and Their Comparison to Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 4-yr climatology (1997–2000) of warm boundary layer cloud properties is developed for the U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. Parameters in the climatology include cloud ...

Manajit Sengupta; Eugene E. Clothiaux; Thomas P. Ackerman

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Retrieval of Surface Solar Radiation Budget under Ice Cloud Sky: Uncertainty Analysis and Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates and accounts for the influence of various ice cloud parameters on the retrieval of the surface solar radiation budget (SSRB) from reflected flux at the top of the atmosphere (TOA). The optical properties of ice clouds ...

Ying Zhang; Zhanqing Li; Andreas Macke

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Plane-Parallel Albedo Bias of Liquid Clouds from MODIS Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present the global plane-parallel shortwave albedo bias of liquid clouds for two months, July 2003 and January 2004. The cloud optical properties necessary to perform the bias calculations come from the operational Moderate Resolution ...

Lazaros Oreopoulos; Robert F. Cahalan; Steven Platnick

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Calculating Monthly Radiative Fluxes and Heating Rates fromMonthly Cloud Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The radiative transfer model from NCAR’s general circulation model CCM3 is modified to calculate monthly radiative fluxes and heating rates from monthly observations of cloud properties from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project ...

John W. Bergman; Harry H. Hendon

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Gazing at Cirrus Clouds for 25 Years through a Split Window. Part I: Methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates that the split-window approach for estimating cloud properties can improve upon the methods commonly used for generating cloud temperature and emissivity climatologies from satellite imagers. Because the split-window ...

Andrew K. Heidinger; Michael J. Pavolonis

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Another Look at the Influence of Absorbing Aerosols in Drops on Cloud Absorption: Large Aerosols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since as early as 1969, solar absorbing aerosols inside of cloud drops have been suggested to influence cloud radiative properties. The absorbing aerosols were invoked to help explain two “anomalies”: 1) the maximum visible albedo of thick ...

Carynelisa Erlick; Dana Schlesinger

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

3D Atmospheric Radiative Transfer for Cloud System-Resolving Models: Forward Modelling and Observations  

SciTech Connect

Utilization of cloud-resolving models and multi-dimensional radiative transfer models to investigate the importance of 3D radiation effects on the numerical simulation of cloud fields and their properties.

Howard Barker; Jason Cole

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

306

An Intercomparison of Microphysical Retrieval Algorithms for Upper-Tropospheric Ice Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The large horizontal extent, with its location in the cold upper troposphere, and ice composition make cirrus clouds important modulators of the Earth's radiation budget and climate. Cirrus cloud microphysical properties are difficult to measure ...

Jennifer M. Comstock; Sally A. McFarlane; Robert d'Entremont; Daniel DeSlover; David D. Turner; Gerald G. Mace; Sergey Y. Matrosov; Matthew D. Shupe; Patrick Minnis; David Mitchell; Kenneth Sassen; Zhien Wang

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Cloud Computing at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud Computing Energy Efficient Computing Exascale Computing Performance & Monitoring Tools Petascale Initiative Science Gateway Development Storage and IO Technologies Testbeds...

308

Surface based remote sensing of aerosol-cloud interactions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surface based remote sensing of aerosol-cloud interactions Surface based remote sensing of aerosol-cloud interactions Feingold, Graham NOAA/Environmental Technology Laboratory Frisch, Shelby NOAA/Environmental Technology Laboratory Min, Qilong State University of New York at Albany Category: Cloud Properties We will present an analysis of the effect of aerosol on clouds at the Southern Great Plains ARM site. New methods for retrieving cloud droplet effective radius with radar (MMCR), multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR), and microwave radiometer (MWR) will be discussed. Relationships based on adiabatic clouds will be used to constrain retrievals. We will investigate the use of a range of proxies for cloud condensation nuclei, ranging from surface measurements of light scattering and accumulation mode number concentration, to lidar-measured extinction or

309

Time Correlations in Backscattering Radar Reflectivity Measurements from Cirrus Clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time Correlations in Backscattering Radar Reflectivity Time Correlations in Backscattering Radar Reflectivity Measurements from Cirrus Clouds K. Ivanova, H. N. Shirer, and E. E. Clothiaux Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania T. P. Ackerman Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction The state variables of the atmosphere exhibit correlations at various spatial and temporal scales. These correlations are crucial for understanding short- and long-term trends in climate. Cirrus clouds are important phenomena in the troposphere affecting climate. To improve future parameterization of cirrus clouds in climate models, we must understand the cloud properties and how they change within the cloud. We consider fluctuations of cloud radar signals obtained at isodepths within cirrus clouds

310

Rope Cloud over Land  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite imagery is used to document several rope clouds over the southeastern Unites States. Surface and upper-air data are examined for one of the rope clouds and possible reasons for the development and maintenance of this type cloud line are ...

Von S. Woods

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

User Centric Community Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the evolution in cloud technologies, users are becoming acquainted with seamless service provision. Nevertheless, clouds are not a user centric technology, and users become completely dependent on service providers. We propose a novel concept for ... Keywords: Cloud infrastructure, Identity management, User-centric systems

Joăo Paulo Barraca; Alfredo Matos; Rui L. Aguiar

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Turbulent molecular clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stars form within molecular clouds but our understanding of this fundamental process remains hampered by the complexity of the physics that drives their evolution. We review our observational and theoretical knowledge of molecular clouds trying to confront the two approaches wherever possible. After a broad presentation of the cold interstellar medium and molecular clouds, we emphasize the dynamical processes with special focus to turbulence and its impact on cloud evolution. We then review our knowledge of the velocity, density and magnetic fields. We end by openings towards new chemistry models and the links between molecular cloud structure and star--formation rates.

Hennebelle, Patrick

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Simulations of cirrus clouds using an explicit cloud model: integrating ARM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Simulations of cirrus clouds using an explicit cloud model: integrating ARM Simulations of cirrus clouds using an explicit cloud model: integrating ARM water vapor and forcing data for analysis of cirrus formation and evolution Comstock, Jennifer Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Lin, Ruei-Fong NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Starr, David NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Yang, Ping Texas A&M Category: Modeling Understanding the atmospheric conditions required to initiate cirrus formation and produce observed microphysical properties is crucial to improving the representation of cirrus clouds in climate models. Ice formation in cirrus generally occurs at cold temperatures (below -30 ď‚°C) and can take the form of either homogeneous or heterogeneous nucleation. The ice supersaturation required for ice formation is smaller for

314

Testing a New Cirrus Cloud Parameterizaton  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing a New Cirrus Cloud Parameterization Testing a New Cirrus Cloud Parameterization in NCAR CCM3 D. Zurovac-Jevtic, G. J. Zhang, and V. Ramanathan Center for Atmospheric Sciences Scripps Institute of Oceanography La Jolla, California Introduction Cirrus cloud cover and ice water content (IWC) are the two most important properties of cirrus clouds. However, in general circulation models (GCMs), their treatment is very crude. For example, in the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Climate Model (CCM3), IWC is prescribed as a function of column-integrated water vapor and height (Hack 1998). The in situ observations in the tropics indicate that the cirrus IWC is an order of magnitude larger than what is prescribed in the model (McFarquhar and Heymsfield 1996). The comparison with the International

315

Cloud displays for mobile users in a display cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The display cloud model allows users to select local and remote programmable displays, and add them to a user specific cloud display where the user can arrange them freely. On a cloud display, the abstraction representing remote graphical content is ... Keywords: cloud displays, display clouds, ubiquitous displays

Lars Tiede; John Markus Bjřrndalen; Otto J. Anshus

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Radiometrics At Salt Wells Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Salt Wells Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) Salt Wells Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Radiometrics At Salt Wells Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Salt Wells Area Exploration Technique Radiometrics Activity Date - 2005 Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Adsorbed mercury soil geochemical surveys and radiometric geophysical surveys were carried out in conjunction with geologic mapping to test the application of these ground-based techniques to geothermal exploration at three prospects in Nevada by Henkle Jr. et al. in 2005. Notes Soil sampling and geophysical surveys were conducted at 26 stations along an approximately 1981-m-long line oriented perpendicular to known major

317

Parameterizing Size Distribution in Ice Clouds  

SciTech Connect

PARAMETERIZING SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS IN ICE CLOUDS David L. Mitchell and Daniel H. DeSlover ABSTRACT An outstanding problem that contributes considerable uncertainty to Global Climate Model (GCM) predictions of future climate is the characterization of ice particle sizes in cirrus clouds. Recent parameterizations of ice cloud effective diameter differ by a factor of three, which, for overcast conditions, often translate to changes in outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) of 55 W m-2 or more. Much of this uncertainty in cirrus particle sizes is related to the problem of ice particle shattering during in situ sampling of the ice particle size distribution (PSD). Ice particles often shatter into many smaller ice fragments upon collision with the rim of the probe inlet tube. These small ice artifacts are counted as real ice crystals, resulting in anomalously high concentrations of small ice crystals (D < 100 µm) and underestimates of the mean and effective size of the PSD. Half of the cirrus cloud optical depth calculated from these in situ measurements can be due to this shattering phenomenon. Another challenge is the determination of ice and liquid water amounts in mixed phase clouds. Mixed phase clouds in the Arctic contain mostly liquid water, and the presence of ice is important for determining their lifecycle. Colder high clouds between -20 and -36 oC may also be mixed phase but in this case their condensate is mostly ice with low levels of liquid water. Rather than affecting their lifecycle, the presence of liquid dramatically affects the cloud optical properties, which affects cloud-climate feedback processes in GCMs. This project has made advancements in solving both of these problems. Regarding the first problem, PSD in ice clouds are uncertain due to the inability to reliably measure the concentrations of the smallest crystals (D < 100 µm), known as the “small mode”. Rather than using in situ probe measurements aboard aircraft, we employed a treatment of ice cloud optical properties formulated in terms of PSD parameters in combination with remote measurements of thermal radiances to characterize the small mode. This is possible since the absorption efficiency (Qabs) of small mode crystals is larger at 12 µm wavelength relative to 11 µm wavelength due to the process of wave resonance or photon tunneling more active at 12 µm. This makes the 12/11 µm absorption optical depth ratio (or equivalently the 12/11 µm Qabs ratio) a means for detecting the relative concentration of small ice particles in cirrus. Using this principle, this project tested and developed PSD schemes that can help characterize cirrus clouds at each of the three ARM sites: SGP, NSA and TWP. This was the main effort of this project. These PSD schemes and ice sedimentation velocities predicted from them have been used to test the new cirrus microphysics parameterization in the GCM known as the Community Climate Systems Model (CCSM) as part of an ongoing collaboration with NCAR. Regarding the second problem, we developed and did preliminary testing on a passive thermal method for retrieving the total water path (TWP) of Arctic mixed phase clouds where TWPs are often in the range of 20 to 130 g m-2 (difficult for microwave radiometers to accurately measure). We also developed a new radar method for retrieving the cloud ice water content (IWC), which can be vertically integrated to yield the ice water path (IWP). These techniques were combined to determine the IWP and liquid water path (LWP) in Arctic clouds, and hence the fraction of ice and liquid water. We have tested this approach using a case study from the ARM field campaign called M-PACE (Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment). This research led to a new satellite remote sensing method that appears promising for detecting low levels of liquid water in high clouds typically between -20 and -36 oC. We hope to develop this method in future research.

DeSlover, Daniel; Mitchell, David L.

2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

318

EVALUATING CLOUD RETRIEVAL ALGORITHMS WITH THE ARM BBHRP FRAMEWORK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of liquid, ice, and mixed-phase clouds have been processed in BBHRP for the ACRF Southern Great Plains (SGP, and phase of clouds above each ACRF site. Various approaches to retrieve the microphysical properties, including those from Microbase, the current `reference' retrieval approach in BBHRP. At the NSA, mixed-phase

319

Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. Part I: Single layer cloud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulation that is in the ice-phase. Note that the y-axis isradiative properties of ice and mixed-phase clouds. Quart.include liquid-phase only, ice-phase only, and mixed-phase.

Klein, Stephen A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

BNL | Cloud Lifecycle Infrastructure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud Life Cycle Infrastructure Cloud Life Cycle Infrastructure An important component of any long-term atmospheric measurement program is the quality control and maintenance of the datastreams from instrument systems. Further, the raw measurements from atmospheric remote sensing instrumentation are not directly useable by the majority of the scientific community. These raw measurements must be interpreted and converted to geophysical quantities that can be more readily used by a greater number of scientists to address important questions regarding the Earth's climate system. The cloud life cycle infrastructure group at BNL is led by Dr. Michael Jensen and is responsible for the development and production of cloud-related value-added products (VAPs). The cloud life cycle infrastructure group also provides mentorships for the millimeter cloud

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Indian Summer Monsoon Drought 2009: Role of Aerosol and Cloud Microphysics  

SciTech Connect

Cloud dynamics played a fundamental role in defining Indian summer monsoon (ISM) rainfall during drought in 2009. The anomalously negative precipitation was consistent with cloud properties. Although, aerosols inhibited the growth of cloud effective radius in the background of sparse water vapor, their role is secondary. The primary role, however, is played by the interactive feedback between cloud microphysics and dynamics owing to reduced efficient cloud droplet growth, lesser latent heating release and shortage of water content. Cloud microphysical processes were instrumental for the occurrence of ISM drought 2009.

Hazra, Anupam; Taraphdar, Sourav; Halder, Madhuparna; Pokhrel, S.; Chaudhari, H. S.; Salunke, K.; Mukhopadhyay, P.; Rao, S. A.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

BNL | Cloud Lifecycle Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to be one of the major sources of uncertainty in numerical simulations of climate and weather. Improvement of the representation of clouds in numerical models requires fundamental...

323

Reconciling Simulated and Observed Views of Clouds: MODIS, ISCCP, and the Limits of Instrument Simulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The properties of clouds that may be observed by satellite instruments, such as optical thickness and cloud-top pressure, are only loosely related to the way clouds are represented in models of the atmosphere. One way to bridge this gap is through ...

Robert Pincus; Steven Platnick; Steven A. Ackerman; Richard S. Hemler; Robert J. Patrick Hofmann

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Observations of chemical differentiation in clumpy molecular clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have extensively mapped a sample of dense molecular clouds (L1512, TMC-1C, L1262, Per 7, L1389, L1251E) in lines of HC3N, CH3OH, SO and C^{18}O. We demonstrate that a high degree of chemical differentiation is present in all of the observed clouds. We analyse the molecular maps for each cloud, demonstrating a systematic chemical differentiation across the sample, which we relate to the evolutionary state of the cloud. We relate our observations to the cloud physical, kinematical and evolutionary properties, and also compare them to the predictions of simple chemical models. The implications of this work for understanding the origin of the clumpy structures and chemical differentiation observed in dense clouds are discussed.

J. V. Buckle; S. D. Rodgers; E. S. Wirström; S. B. Charnley; A. J. Markwick-Kemper; H. M. Butner; S. Takakuwa

2007-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

325

Cloud Classification Before Luke Howard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A brief outline of the history of cloud painting prior to the first cloud classification schemes of Luke Howard and Lamarck is presented. It is shown that European painters had accurately represented most of the different cloud forms between ...

Stanely David Gedzelman

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Radar Reflectivity of Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationships between the radar reflectivity factor Z and significant physical cloud parameters are studied from a dataset collected with an instrumented aircraft in non- or very weakly precipitating warm clouds. The cloud droplet populations ...

Henri Sauvageot; Jilani Omar

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Posters Sensitivity of Cirrus Cloud Radiative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Posters Sensitivity of Cirrus Cloud Radiative Properties to Ice Crystal Size and Shape in General Circulation Model Simulations D. L. Mitchell Desert Research Institute Reno, Nevada J. E. Kristjánsson Department of Geophysics University of Oslo, Norway M. J. Newman Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico Introduction Recent research (e.g., Mitchell and Arnott 1994) has shown that the radiative properties of cirrus clouds (i.e., optical depth, albedo, emissivity) depend on the shapes and sizes of ice crystals. For instance, the cloud albedo may vary by a factor of two, depending on whether hexagonal columns or bullet rosette ice crystals are assumed for a given ice water path (IWP). This variance occurs primarily because, at sizes characteristic of cirrus

328

Evaluation of Model-Predicted Top-of-Atmosphere Radiation and Cloud Parameters over Africa with Observations from GERB and SEVIRI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study compared the Regional Atmospheric Climate Model version 2 (RACMO) with satellite data by simultaneously looking at cloud properties and top-of-atmosphere (TOA) fluxes. This study used cloud properties retrieved from Spinning Enhanced ...

Wouter Greuell; Erik van Meijgaard; Nicolas Clerbaux; Jan Fokke Meirink

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Using Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations of Deep Convection to Inform Cloud Parmaterizations in Large-Scale Models  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations Using Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations of Deep Convection to Inform Cloud Parameterizations in Large-Scale Models S. A. Klein National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Princeton, New Jersey R. Pincus National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science Climate Diagnostics Center Boulder, Colorado K. -M. Xu National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Abstract Cloud parameterizations in large-scale models struggle to address the significant non-linear effects of radiation and precipitation that arise from horizontal inhomogeneity in cloud properties at scales smaller than the grid box size of the large-scale models. Statistical cloud schemes provide an attractive

330

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV. ... NIST announces the Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV to be held on November 2, 3 and 4, 2011. ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

331

ARM - PI Product - Atmospheric State, Cloud Microphysics & Radiative Flux  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsAtmospheric State, Cloud Microphysics & ProductsAtmospheric State, Cloud Microphysics & Radiative Flux Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : Atmospheric State, Cloud Microphysics & Radiative Flux 1997.01.01 - 2010.12.31 Site(s) NSA SGP TWP General Description This data product contains atmospheric thermodynamics, cloud properties, radiative fluxes and radiative heating rates. The data represent a characterization of the physical state of the atmospheric column compiled on a five-minute temporal and 90m vertical grid. Sources for this information include raw measurements, cloud property and radiative retrievals, retrievals and derived variables from other third-party sources, and radiative calculations using the derived quantities.

332

The 27–28 October 1986 FIRE IFO Cirrus Case Study: A Five Lidar Overview of Cloud Structure and Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optical remote sensing measurements of cirrus cloud properties were collected by one airborne and four ground-based lidar systems over a 32-h period during this cue study from the First ISCCP (International Satellite Cloud Climatology Program) ...

Kenneth Sassen; Christian J. Grund; James D. Spinhirne; Michael M. Hardesty; Jose M. Alvarez

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

An Assessment of the Parameterization of Subgrid-Scale Cloud Effects on Radiative Transfer. Part II: Horizontal Inhomogeneity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of horizontal inhomogeneity in radiative transfer through cloud fields is investigated within the context of the two-stream approximation. Spatial correlations between cloud optical properties and the radiance field are introduced in the ...

Norman B. Wood; Philip M. Gabriel; Graeme L. Stephens

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Cirrus Clouds and the Large-Scale Atmospheric State: Relationships Revealed by Six Years of Ground-Based Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The properties of cirrus clouds observed at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) in Oklahoma are documented from a nearly continuous 6-yr record of 35-GHz cloud radar data. Cirrus frequency over the ACRF is ...

Gerald G. Mace; Sally Benson; Erik Vernon

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Marine Stratocumulus Cloud Fields off the Coast of Southern California Observed Using LANDSAT Imagery. Part II: Textural Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistical measures of the spatial distributions of gray levels (cloud reflectivities) are determined for LANDSAT Multispectral Scanner digital data. Textural properties for twelve stratocumulus cloud fields, seven cumulus fields, and two cirrus ...

R. M. Welch; S. K. Sengupta; K. S. Kuo

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Molecular Line Absorption in a Scattering Atmosphere. Part III: Pathlength Characteristics and Effects of Spatially Heterogeneous Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper analyzes the influence of horizontal variability of clouds on sunlight reflected in a narrow portion of the solar spectrum and how this influence affects the ability to estimate cloud properties from measurements of reflection. This ...

Andrew K. Heidinger; Graeme L. Stephens

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Toward Understanding of Differences in Current Cloud Retrievals of ARM Ground-based Measurements  

SciTech Connect

Accurate observations of cloud microphysical properties are needed for evaluating and improving the representation of cloud processes in climate models. However, large differences are found in current cloud products retrieved from ground-based remote sensing measurements using various retrieval algorithms. Understanding the differences is an important step to address uncertainties in the cloud retrievals. In this study, an in-depth analysis of nine existing ground-based cloud retrievals using ARM remote sensing measurements is carried out. We place emphasize on boundary layer overcast clouds and high level ice clouds, which are the focus of many current retrieval development efforts due to their radiative importance and relatively simple structure. Large systematic discrepancies in cloud microphysical properties are found in these two types of clouds among the nine cloud retrieval products, particularly for the cloud liquid and ice effective radius. It is shown that most of these large differences have their roots in the retrieval algorithms used by these cloud products, including the retrieval theoretical bases, assumptions, as well as input and constraint parameters. This study suggests the need to further validate current retrieval theories and assumptions and even the development of new retrieval algorithms with more observations under different cloud regimes.

Zhao, Chuanfeng; Xie, Shaocheng; Klein, Stephen A.; Protat, Alain; Shupe, Matthew D.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Delanoe, Julien; Deng, Min; Dunn, Maureen; Hogan, Robin; Huang, Dong; Jensen, Michael; Mace, Gerald G.; McCoy, Renata; O'Conner, Ewan J.; Turner, Dave; Wang, Zhien

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

338

Radiometric compensation for a low-cost immersive projection system Julien DEHOS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiometric compensation for a low-cost immersive projection system Julien DEHOS Eric ZEGHERS Catopsys is a low-cost projection system aiming at making mixed reality (virtual, augmented or diminished the optical axis of P. the home by developing a low-cost immersive projection system. This system is composed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

339

Investigation of Pre- and Post-Flight Radiometric Calibration Uncertainties from Surface Based Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new technique has been developed for inferring column ozone amounts and aerosol optical depths from zenith sky observations. A new radiometric calibration technique for large aperture remote sensing instruments observing the earth through space has been validated which subsequently increased the accuracy of remote sensing measurements of ozone and vertical profiles using measurements of back-scattered ultraviolet solar radiation.

Heath, D.F.; Wei, Z.Y.; Ahman, Z.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

CONTRIBUTED Green Cloud Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

widely dis- cussed, the shift in energy usage in a cloud computing model has received little attention cloud computing services typically operate. We consider energy consumption models of the transport of energy per bit also allows the results to be easily scaled to any usage level. We consider both public

Tucker, Rod

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Cryptographic cloud storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of building a secure cloud storage service on top of a public cloud infrastructure where the service provider is not completely trusted by the customer. We describe, at a high level, several architectures that combine recent and ...

Seny Kamara; Kristin Lauter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Molecular cloud regulated star formation in galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a numerical implementation of star formation in disk galaxies, in which the conversion of cooling gas to stars in the multiphase interstellar medium is governed by the rate at which molecular clouds are formed and destroyed. In the model, clouds form from thermally unstable ambient gas and get destroyed by feedback from massive stars and thermal conduction. Feedback in the ambient phase cycles gas into a hot galactic fountain or wind. We model the ambient gas hydrodynamically using smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH). However, we cannot resolve the Jeans mass in the cold and dense molecular gas and, therefore, represent the cloud phase with ballistic particles that coagulate when colliding. We show that this naturally produces a multiphase medium with cold clouds, a warm disk, hot supernova bubbles and a hot, tenuous halo. Our implementation of this model is based on the Gadget N-Body code. We illustrate the model by evolving an isolated Milky Way-like galaxy and study the properties of a disk formed in a rotating spherical collapse. Many observed properties of disk galaxies are reproduced well, including the molecular cloud mass spectrum, the molecular fraction as a function of radius, the Schmidt law, the stellar density profile and the appearance of a galactic fountain.

C. M. Booth; T. Theuns; T. Okamoto

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

343

Using ARM data to correct plane-parallel satellite retrievals of cloud  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using ARM data to correct plane-parallel satellite retrievals of cloud Using ARM data to correct plane-parallel satellite retrievals of cloud properties Dong, Xiquan University of North Dakota Minnis, Patrick NASA Langley Research Center Xi, Baike University of North Dakota Khaiyer, Mandana Analytical Services and Material, Inc. Category: Cloud Properties The angular variations of cloud properties derived from GOES data are examined using simultaneously collocated ARM surface observations/retrievals at the DOE ARM SGP site during the 6-yr period from January 1997 to December 2002. The dependencies of GOES cloud retrievals on solar zenith angle (SZA), scattering angle (SCA), and relative azimuth angle (RZA) are investigated for single-layer and overcast low-level stratus clouds. The GOES-retrieved cloud-droplet effective radius (re),

344

Modeling Entrainment and Finescale Mixing in Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model used to study entrainment and mixing of thermodynamic properties in the stratus-topped boundary layer has been extended to represent these processes in cumulus clouds. The new model, called the “explicit mixing parcel model” (EMPM), ...

Steven K. Krueger; Chwen-Wei Su; Patrick A. McMurtry

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

The characterization of particle clouds using optical imaging techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical imaging techniques can be used to provide a better understanding of the physical properties of particle clouds. The purpose of this thesis is to design, perform and evaluate a set of experiments using optical imaging ...

Bruce, Elizabeth J. (Elizabeth Jane), 1972-

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Supersaturation Fluctuations in Cirrus Clouds Driven by Colored Noise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fundamental properties of ice supersaturation variability in cirrus clouds are studied by means of an idealized probabilistic model. Damped supersaturation fluctuations are assumed to be exponentially correlated in time, statistically stationary, ...

B. Kärcher

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

On the Transition of Contrails into Cirrus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In situ observations of the microphysical properties of upper-tropospheric contrails and cirrus clouds have been performed during more than 15 airborne missions over central Europe. Experimental and technical aspects concerning in situ ...

F. Schröder; B. Kärcher; C. Duroure; J. Ström; A. Petzold; J.-F. Gayet; B. Strauss; P. Wendling; S. Borrmann

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

arm_stm_2007_revercomb_poster_cloud.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Assessment Part 2: Cirrus Radiative Flux Study Using RadarLidarAERI Derived Cloud Properties David Tobin, Lori Borg, David Turner, Robert Holz, Daniel DeSlover, Hank Revercomb,...

349

Overview of Arctic Cloud and Radiation Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To provide a background for ARM's activities at the North Slope of Alaska/Adjacent Arctic Ocean sites, an overview is given of our current state of knowledge of Arctic cloud and radiation properties and processes. The authors describe the Arctic ...

Judith A. Curry; Julie L. Schramm; William B. Rossow; David Randall

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

A new approach for simultaneously retrieving cloud albedo and cloud fraction from surface-based shortwave radiation measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS Environ. Res. Lett. 8 (2013) 044023 (9pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/4/044023 A new approach for simultaneously retrieving cloud albedo and cloud fraction from surface-based shortwave radiation measurements Yu Xie and Yangang Liu Environmental Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA E-mail: yxie@bnl.gov Received 27 June 2013 Accepted for publication 8 October 2013 Published 30 October 2013 Online at stacks.iop.org/ERL/8/044023 Abstract Surface-based measurements of shortwave (SW) radiative fluxes contain valuable information on cloud properties, but have not been fully used to infer those properties. Here a new analytical approach is presented that simultaneously infers cloud albedo and cloud fraction from surface-based measurements of total and direct radiative fluxes. An inspection of the

351

Small Cloud Particle Shapes in Mixed-Phase Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shapes of cloud particles with maximum dimensions Dmax between 35 and 60 ?m in mixed-phase clouds were studied using high-resolution particle images collected by a cloud particle imager (CPI) during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (M-...

Greg M. McFarquhar; Junshik Um; Robert Jackson

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

A High Resolution Hydrometer Phase Classifier Based on Analysis of Cloud Radar Doppler Spectra.  

SciTech Connect

The lifecycle and radiative properties of clouds are highly sensitive to the phase of their hydrometeors (i.e., liquid or ice). Knowledge of cloud phase is essential for specifying the optical properties of clouds, or else, large errors can be introduced in the calculation of the cloud radiative fluxes. Current parameterizations of cloud water partition in liquid and ice based on temperature are characterized by large uncertainty (Curry et al., 1996; Hobbs and Rangno, 1998; Intriery et al., 2002). This is particularly important in high geographical latitudes and temperature ranges where both liquid droplets and ice crystal phases can exist (mixed-phase cloud). The mixture of phases has a large effect on cloud radiative properties, and the parameterization of mixed-phase clouds has a large impact on climate simulations (e.g., Gregory and Morris, 1996). Furthermore, the presence of both ice and liquid affects the macroscopic properties of clouds, including their propensity to precipitate. Despite their importance, mixed-phase clouds are severely understudied compared to the arguably simpler single-phase clouds. In-situ measurements in mixed-phase clouds are hindered due to aircraft icing, difficulties distinguishing hydrometeor phase, and discrepancies in methods for deriving physical quantities (Wendisch et al. 1996, Lawson et al. 2001). Satellite-based retrievals of cloud phase in high latitudes are often hindered by the highly reflecting ice-covered ground and persistent temperature inversions. From the ground, the retrieval of mixed-phase cloud properties has been the subject of extensive research over the past 20 years using polarization lidars (e.g., Sassen et al. 1990), dual radar wavelengths (e.g., Gosset and Sauvageot 1992; Sekelsky and McIntosh, 1996), and recently radar Doppler spectra (Shupe et al. 2004). Millimeter-wavelength radars have substantially improved our ability to observe non-precipitating clouds (Kollias et al., 2007) due to their excellent sensitivity that enables the detection of thin cloud layers and their ability to penetrate several non-precipitating cloud layers. However, in mixed-phase clouds conditions, the observed Doppler moments are dominated by the highly reflecting ice crystals and thus can not be used to identify the cloud phase. This limits our ability to identify the spatial distribution of cloud phase and our ability to identify the conditions under which mixed-phase clouds form.

Luke,E.; Kollias, P.

2007-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

353

Cloud Computing Forensic Science Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud Computing Forensic Science Workshop. Purpose: The New Frontiers in IT and Measurement Science Rapid advances ...

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

354

A marketplace for cloud resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing is an emerging paradigm aimed to offer users pay-per-use computing resources, while leaving the burden of managing the computing infrastructure to the cloud provider. We present a new programming and pricing model that gives the cloud ... Keywords: cloud computing, iaas, large-scale scheduling, pricing models, worst-case execution time

Thomas A. Henzinger; Anmol V. Singh; Vasu Singh; Thomas Wies; Damien Zufferey

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

ARM - Field Campaign - MASRAD: Cloud Study from the 2NFOV at Pt. Reyes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsMASRAD: Cloud Study from the 2NFOV at Pt. Reyes Field govCampaignsMASRAD: Cloud Study from the 2NFOV at Pt. Reyes Field Campaign Campaign Links AMF Point Reyes Website Related Campaigns MArine Stratus Radiation Aerosol and Drizzle (MASRAD) IOP 2005.03.14, Miller, AMF Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : MASRAD: Cloud Study from the 2NFOV at Pt. Reyes Field Campaign 2005.06.02 - 2005.09.30 Lead Scientist : Warren Wiscombe For data sets, see below. Description Cloud optical depth is one of the most important cloud optical properties, and vital for any cloud-radiation parameterization. Our ARM Science Team project has pioneered an algorithm to retrieve cloud optical depth in a fully three-dimensional cloud situation using zenith radiances from the ARM

356

A new model of cloud drop distribution that simulates the observed drop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A new model of cloud drop distribution that simulates the observed drop A new model of cloud drop distribution that simulates the observed drop clustering: effect of clustering on extinction coefficient estimates Knyazikhin, Yuri Boston University Marshak, Alexander NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Larsen, Michael Michigan Technological University Wiscombe, Warren BNL/NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Category: Modeling Cloud droplet size distribution is one of the most fundamental subjects in cloud physics. Understanding of spatial distribution and small-scale fluctuations of cloud droplets is essential for both cloud physics and atmospheric radiation. For cloud physics, it relates to the coalescence growth of raindrops while for radiation, it has a strong impact on a cloud's radiative properties. We have developed new size dependent models

357

Toward understanding of differences in current cloud retrievals of ARM ground-based measurements  

SciTech Connect

Accurate observations of cloud microphysical properties are needed for evaluating and improving the representation of cloud processes in climate models and better estimate of the Earth radiative budget. However, large differences are found in current cloud products retrieved from ground-based remote sensing measurements using various retrieval algorithms. Understanding the differences is an important step to address uncertainties in the cloud retrievals. In this study, an in-depth analysis of nine existing ground-based cloud retrievals using ARM remote sensing measurements is carried out. We place emphasis on boundary layer overcast clouds and high level ice clouds, which are the focus of many current retrieval development efforts due to their radiative importance and relatively simple structure. Large systematic discrepancies in cloud microphysical properties are found in these two types of clouds among the nine cloud retrieval products, particularly for the cloud liquid and ice particle effective radius. Note that the differences among some retrieval products are even larger than the prescribed uncertainties reported by the retrieval algorithm developers. It is shown that most of these large differences have their roots in the retrieval theoretical bases, assumptions, as well as input and constraint parameters. This study suggests the need to further validate current retrieval theories and assumptions and even the development of new retrieval algorithms with more observations under different cloud regimes.

Zhao C.; Dunn M.; Xie, S.; Klein, S. A.; Protat, A.; Shupe, M. D.; McFarlane, S. A.; Comstock, J. M.; Delanoë, J.; Deng, M.; Hogan, R. J.; Huang, D.; Jensen, M. P.; Mace, G. G.; McCoy, R.; O’Connor, E. J.; Turner, D. D.; Wang, Z.

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

358

Long-term impacts of aerosols on vertical development of cloud and precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aerosols alter cloud density and the radiative balance of the atmosphere. This leads to changes in cloud microphysics and atmospheric stability, which can either suppress or foster the development of clouds and precipitation. The net effect is largely unknown, but depends on meteorological conditions and aerosol properties. Here, we examine the long-term impact of aerosols on the vertical development of clouds and rainfall frequencies, using a 10-year dataset of aerosol, cloud and meteorological variables collected in the Southern Great Plains in the United States. We show that cloud-top height and thickness increase with aerosol concentration measured near the ground in mixed-phase clouds-which contain both liquid water and ice-that have a warm, low base. We attribute the effect, which is most significant in summer, to an aerosol-induced invigoration of upward winds. In contrast, we find no change in cloud-top height and precipitation with aerosol concentration in clouds with no ice or cool bases. We further show that precipitation frequency and rain rate are altered by aerosols. Rain increases with aerosol concentration in deep clouds that have a high liquid-water content, but declines in clouds that have a low liquid-water content. Simulations using a cloud-resolving model confirm these observations. Our findings provide unprecedented insights of the long-term net impacts of aerosols on clouds and precipitation.

Li Z.; Liu Y.; Niu, F.; Fan, J.; Rosenfeld, D.; Ding, Y.

2011-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

359

CDIAC Cloud Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Period of Record A Gridded Climatology of Clouds over Land (1971-1996) and Ocean (1954-2008) from Surface Observations Worldwide (CDIAC NDP-026E) C.J. Hahn and S.G. Warren...

360

3. New Cloud Climatology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Cloud Climatology New Cloud Climatology Computed for the summers (May-Au- gust) 2000 through 2004 (Berg and Kassianov 2008). Uses ARSCL VAP, Total Sky Imager, and radar wind profiler. * * Initial Evaluation of the Cumulus Potential Scheme at the ACRF SGP Site Larry Berg, William Gustafson, and Evgueni Kassianov Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 1. Motivation Shallow clouds are poorly predicted by current global and regional scale models. A new parameterization has been devel- oped that links the boundary-layer turbu- lence and the shallow clouds. 2. The CuP Parameterization The Cumulus Potential (CuP) param- eterization uses Probability Density Functions (PDFs) of temperature and moisture to represent the subgrid scale

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

ISCCP Cloud Data Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The operational data collection phase of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) began in July 1983. Since then, visible and infrared images from an international network of weather satellites have been routinely processed ...

William B. Rossow; Robert A. Schiffer

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Cloud Transmissivities for Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transmissivities are determined for different cloud types using nine years of hourly irradiance measurements under overcast skies at six Canadian stations. Values for individual stations and for pooled data using irradiances uncorrected for ...

J. A. Davies; M. Abdel-Wahab; J. E. Howard

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

The cloud condensation nuclei and ice nuclei effects on tropical anvil characteristics and water vapor of the tropical tropopause layer  

SciTech Connect

Cloud anvils from deep convective clouds are of great importance to the radiative energy budget and the aerosol impact on them is the least understood. Few studies examined the effects of both cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and ice nuclei (IN) on anvil properties and water vapor content (WVC) in the Tropical Tropopause Layer (TTL). Using a 3-dimensional cloud-resolving model with size-resolved cloud microphysics, we focus on the CCN and IN effects on cloud anvil properties and WVC in the TTL. We find that cloud microphysical changes induced by CCN/IN play a very important role in determining cloud anvil area and WVC in the TTL, whether convection is enhanced or suppressed. Also, CCN effects on anvil microphysical properties, anvil size and lifetime are much more evident relative to IN. IN has little effect on convection, but can increase ice number and mass concentrations significantly under humid conditions. CCN in the PBL is found to have greater effects on convective strength and mid-tropospheric CCN has negligible effects on convection and cloud properties. Convective transport may only moisten the main convective outflow region but the cloud anvil size determines the WVC in the TTL domain. This study shows an important role of CCN in the lower-troposphere in modifying convection, the upper-level cloud properties. It also shows the effects of IN and the PBL CCN on the upper-level clouds depends on the humidity, resolving some contradictory results in past studies. 2

Fan, Jiwen; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Ovchinnikov, Mikhail

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

364

FORMATION OF MASSIVE MOLECULAR CLOUD CORES BY CLOUD-CLOUD COLLISION  

SciTech Connect

Recent observations of molecular clouds around rich massive star clusters including NGC 3603, Westerlund 2, and M20 revealed that the formation of massive stars could be triggered by a cloud-cloud collision. By using three-dimensional, isothermal, magnetohydrodynamics simulations with the effect of self-gravity, we demonstrate that massive, gravitationally unstable, molecular cloud cores are formed behind the strong shock waves induced by cloud-cloud collision. We find that the massive molecular cloud cores have large effective Jeans mass owing to the enhancement of the magnetic field strength by shock compression and turbulence in the compressed layer. Our results predict that massive molecular cloud cores formed by the cloud-cloud collision are filamentary and threaded by magnetic fields perpendicular to the filament.

Inoue, Tsuyoshi [Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5258 (Japan); Fukui, Yasuo, E-mail: inouety@phys.aoyama.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

365

An Evaluation of Radiometric Products from Fixed-Depth and Continuous In-Water Profile Data from Moderately Complex Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiometric products determined from fixed-depth and continuous in-water profile data collected at a coastal site characterized by moderately complex waters were compared to investigate differences and limitations between the two measurement ...

Giuseppe Zibordi; Jean-François Berthon; Davide D’Alimonte

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometric Observations of Precipitable Water Vapor: A Comparison with Ground Truth from Two Radiosonde Observing Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dual-channel microwave radiometric measurements of precipitable water vapor are compared with values determined from two types of radiosondes. The first type is used in conventional soundings taken by the National Weather Service. The second is ...

Ed R. Westwater; Michael J. Falls; Ingrid A. Popa Fotino

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Marine Cloud Brightening  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The idea behind the marine cloud-brightening (MCB) geoengineering technique is that seeding marine stratocumulus clouds with copious quantities of roughly monodisperse sub-micrometre sea water particles might significantly enhance the cloud droplet number concentration, and thereby the cloud albedo and possibly longevity. This would produce a cooling, which general circulation model (GCM) computations suggest could - subject to satisfactory resolution of technical and scientific problems identified herein - have the capacity to balance global warming up to the carbon dioxide-doubling point. We describe herein an account of our recent research on a number of critical issues associated with MCB. This involves (i) GCM studies, which are our primary tools for evaluating globally the effectiveness of MCB, and assessing its climate impacts on rainfall amounts and distribution, and also polar sea-ice cover and thickness; (ii) high-resolution modelling of the effects of seeding on marine stratocumulus, which are required to understand the complex array of interacting processes involved in cloud brightening; (iii) microphysical modelling sensitivity studies, examining the influence of seeding amount, seedparticle salt-mass, air-mass characteristics, updraught speed and other parameters on cloud-albedo change; (iv) sea water spray-production techniques; (v) computational fluid dynamics studies of possible large-scale periodicities in Flettner rotors; and (vi) the planning of a three-stage limited-area field research experiment, with the primary objectives of technology testing and determining to what extent, if any, cloud albedo might be enhanced by seeding marine stratocumulus clouds on a spatial scale of around 100 km. We stress that there would be no justification for deployment of MCB unless it was clearly established that no significant adverse consequences would result. There would also need to be an international agreement firmly in favour of such action.

Latham, John; Bower, Keith; Choularton, Tom; Coe, H.; Connolly, P.; Cooper, Gary; Craft, Tim; Foster, Jack; Gadian, Alan; Galbraith, Lee; Iacovides, Hector; Johnston, David; Launder, Brian; Leslie, Brian; Meyer, John; Neukermans, Armand; Ormond, Bob; Parkes, Ben; Rasch, Philip J.; Rush, John; Salter, Stephen; Stevenson, Tom; Wang, Hailong; Wang, Qin; Wood, Robert

2012-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

368

Mixed-Phase Cloud Retrievals Using Doppler Radar Spectra  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mixed-Phase Cloud Retrievals Using Mixed-Phase Cloud Retrievals Using Doppler Radar Spectra M. D. Shupe, S. Y. Matrosov, and T. L. Schneider National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado P. Kollias Rosentiel School of Marine Atmospheric Sciences University of Miami Miami, Florida Introduction The radar Doppler spectrum contains a wealth of information on cloud microphysical properties. Typically, radar-based cloud retrievals use only the zeroth or first moments of the Doppler spectrum - reflectivity and mean Doppler velocity - to derive quantities such as cloud water content and particle characteristic size (e.g., Liou and Sassen 1994; Matrosov et al. 2002). When using only the moments of the Doppler spectrum, important spectral information can be lost, particularly when the spectrum is

369

Posters A Stratiform Cloud Parameterization for General Circulation Models  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Posters A Stratiform Cloud Parameterization for General Circulation Models S. J. Ghan and L. R. Leung Pacific Northwest Laboratory Richland, Washington C. C. Chuang and J. E. Penner Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, California J. McCaa University of Washington Seattle, Washington The crude treatment of clouds in general circulation models (GCMs) is widely recognized as a major limitation in applying these models to predictions of global climate change. The purpose of this project is to develop a parameterization for stratiform clouds in GCMs that expresses stratiform clouds in terms of bulk microphysical properties and their subgrid variability. In this parameterization, precipitating cloud species are distinguished from non-precipitating species, and the liquid

370

Evaluate the Effect of Upper-Level Cirrus Clouds on Satellite Retrievals of Low-Level Cloud Droplet Effective Radius  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Effect of Upper-Level Cirrus Clouds the Effect of Upper-Level Cirrus Clouds on Satellite Retrievals of Low-Level Cloud Droplet Effective Radius F.-L. Chang and Z. Li Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Z. Li Department of Meteorology University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Introduction The earth's radiation budget is sensitive to changes in the microphysical properties of low-level stratiform clouds. Their extensive coverage can significantly reduce the solar energy absorbed by the earth system. An estimate of reducing the global-mean droplet effective radius (r e ) of these low-level clouds by ~2 µm, while keeping the column liquid water constant would balance the warming due to CO 2 doubling in the atmosphere (Slingo 1990). Accurate determination of the droplet r

371

Representation of Arctic Mixed-Phase clouds and the Wegener-Bergeron-Findeisen Process in Climate Models: Perspectives from a Cloud-Resolving Study  

SciTech Connect

Two types of Arctic mixed-phase clouds observed during the ISDAC and M-PACE field campaigns are simulated using a 3-dimensional cloud-resolving model (CRM) with size-resolved cloud microphysics. The modeled cloud properties agree reasonably well with aircraft measurements and surface-based retrievals. Cloud properties such as the probability density function (PDF) of vertical velocity (w), cloud liquid and ice, the regime of ice growth at the expense of liquid water (i.e., Wegener-Bergeron-Findeisen (WBF) process), and the inherent relationships among cloud properties/processes in the mixed-phase layers are examined to gain insights for improving the representation of the mixed-phase processes in General Circulation Models (GCMs). We find that, the WBF process only occurs in about 50% of the mixed-phase regime with the vast majority occurring in the downdrafts. In updrafts both liquid and ice grow simultaneously. But in GCMs, it is not necessary to treat the WBF process at the subgrid scale. Our CRM results produce a w distribution well represented by a Gaussian normal function, validating, at least for arctic clouds, the subgrid treatment used in GCMs. Our CRM results also support the assumption frequently used in GCMs that mixed phase clouds maintain water vapor very near liquid saturation. A Gamma function with a fixed variance does not accurately represent the subgrid variability of cloud liquid. The PDFs of cloud liquid and cloud ice can be fitted with Gamma functions, and a normal function can be used for total water, but the variance should not be fixed. The relationship between the ice depositional growth rate and cloud ice strongly depends on the capacitance of ice particles. The assumption for the capacitance of ice particles (e.g., 1.0 for spheres) used in GCMs could lead to a large deviation in ice depositional growth. At large sales, the maximum overlap assumption looks appropriate.

Fan, Jiwen; Ghan, Steven J.; Ovchinnikov, Mikhail; Liu, Xiaohong; Rasch, Philip J.; Korolev, Alexei

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

372

Cloud and Radiative Characteristics of Tropical Deep Convective Systems in Extended Cloud Objects from CERES Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The physical and radiative properties of tropical deep convective systems for the period from January to August 1998 are examined with the use of Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System Single-Scanner Footprint (SSF) data from the Tropical ...

Zachary A. Eitzen; Kuan-Man Xu; Takmeng Wong

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Aerosols and clouds in chemical transport models and climate models.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds exert major influences on both shortwave and longwave radiation as well as on the hydrological cycle. Accurate representation of clouds in climate models is a major unsolved problem because of high sensitivity of radiation and hydrology to cloud properties and processes, incomplete understanding of these processes, and the wide range of length scales over which these processes occur. Small changes in the amount, altitude, physical thickness, and/or microphysical properties of clouds due to human influences can exert changes in Earth's radiation budget that are comparable to the radiative forcing by anthropogenic greenhouse gases, thus either partly offsetting or enhancing the warming due to these gases. Because clouds form on aerosol particles, changes in the amount and/or composition of aerosols affect clouds in a variety of ways. The forcing of the radiation balance due to aerosol-cloud interactions (indirect aerosol effect) has large uncertainties because a variety of important processes are not well understood precluding their accurate representation in models.

Lohmann,U.; Schwartz, S. E.

2008-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

374

Comparisons of CCN with Supercooled Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than 140 supercooled clouds were compared with corresponding out-of-cloud cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) measurements. In spite of significant differences in altitude, temperature, distances from cloud base, updraft velocity (W), ...

James G. Hudson; Stephen Noble; Vandana Jha

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Effects of CCN Concentrations on Stratus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Comparisons between cloud-base CCN concentrations and cloud droplet concentrations in stratus clouds over San Diego and 100 km out to sea showed a positive correlation. The supersaturation in these clouds, as derived from the matching of the CCN ...

James G. Hudson

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Cirrus Clouds. Part I: A Cirrus Cloud Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional (x, z), time-dependent, numerical cloud model is developed for the purpose of investigating the role of various physical processes involved in the maintenance of cirriform clouds. In addition to accounting for dynamic and ...

David O'C. Starr; Stephen K. Cox

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

On the Use of Cloud Forcing to Estimate Cloud Feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uncertainty in cloud feedback is the leading cause of discrepancy in model predictions of climate change. The use of observed or model-simulated radiative fluxes to diagnose the effect of clouds on climate sensitivity requires an accurate ...

Brian J. Soden; Anthony J. Broccoli; Richard S. Hemler

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

ARM - Evaluation Product - CMWG Data - SCM-Forcing Data, Cloud  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsCMWG Data - SCM-Forcing Data, Cloud ProductsCMWG Data - SCM-Forcing Data, Cloud Microphysical Properties and Radiative Heating Profiles Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : CMWG Data - SCM-Forcing Data, Cloud Microphysical Properties and Radiative Heating Profiles Site(s) GAN HFE NSA SGP TWP General Description SCM-forcing data are derived from the ARM Program observational data using the constrained variational analysis approach (Zhang and Lin 1997 and Zhang et al. 2001). The resulting products include both the large-scale forcing terms and the evaluation fields, which can be used for driving the Single-Column Models (SCMs) and Cloud Resolving Models (CRMs) and validating model simulations. Results from our studies are then used to

379

Is the Sun Embedded in a Typical Interstellar Cloud?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physical properties and kinematics of the partially ionized interstellar material near the Sun are typical of warm diffuse clouds in the solar vicinity. The interstellar magnetic field at the heliosphere and the kinematics of nearby clouds are naturally explained in terms of the S1 superbubble shell. The interstellar radiation field at the Sun appears to be harder than the field ionizing ambient diffuse gas, which may be a consequence of the low opacity of the tiny cloud surrounding the heliosphere. The spatial context of the Local Bubble is consistent with our location in the Orion spur.

P. C. Frisch

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

380

Simulations of Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds in Forecasts with CAM3 and AM2 for M-PACE  

SciTech Connect

Simulations of mixed-phase clouds in short-range forecasts with the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Atmosphere Model version 3 (CAM3) and the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) climate model (AM2) for the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (M-PACE) are performed under the DOE CCPP-ARM Parameterization Testbed (CAPT), which initializes the climate models with analysis data produced from numerical weather prediction (NWP) centers. It is shown that CAM3 significantly underestimates the observed boundary layer mixed-phase clouds and cannot realistically simulate the variations with temperature and cloud height of liquid water fraction in the total cloud condensate based an oversimplified cloud microphysical scheme. In contrast, AM2 reasonably reproduces the observed boundary layer clouds while its clouds contain much less cloud condensate than CAM3 and the observations. Both models underestimate the observed cloud top and base for the boundary layer clouds. The simulation of the boundary layer mixed-phase clouds and their microphysical properties is considerably improved in CAM3 when a new physically based cloud microphysical scheme is used. The new scheme also leads to an improved simulation of the surface and top of the atmosphere longwave radiative fluxes in CAM3. It is shown that the Bergeron-Findeisen process, i.e., the ice crystal growth by vapor deposition at the expense of coexisting liquid water, is important for the models to correctly simulate the characteristics of the observed microphysical properties in mixed-phase clouds. Sensitivity tests show that these results are not sensitive to the analysis data used for model initializations. Increasing model horizontal resolution helps capture the subgrid-scale features in Arctic frontal clouds but does not help improve the simulation of the single-layer boundary layer clouds. Ice crystal number density has large impact on the model simulated mixed-phase clouds and their microphysical properties and needs to be accurately represented in climate models.

Xie, Shaocheng; Boyle, James; Klein, Stephen A.; Liu, Xiaohong; Ghan, Steven J.

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The Magellan Final Report on Cloud Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resources. 1. Finding Tropical Cyclones on a Cloud Computing2010 2. Finding Tropical Cyclones on Clouds, D. Hasenkamp

Coghlan, Susan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

ETSI CLOUD - initial standardization requirements for cloud services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While the technological basis for cloud services is relatively mature, the development of the market is still at an early stage. There is considerable potential, but also a number of widely held concerns which are inhibiting mainstream adoption of cloud ... Keywords: ETSI, cloud services, standardization

Karsten Oberle; Mike Fisher

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

More Observations of Small Funnel Clouds and Other Tubular Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this brief contribution, photographic documentation is provided of a variety of small, tubular-shaped clouds and of a small funnel cloud pendant from a convective cloud that appears to have been modified by flow over high-altitude mountains in ...

Howard B. Bluestein

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Internet ware cloud computing :Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After decades of engineering development and infrastructural investment, Internet connections have become commodity product in many countries, and Internet scale "cloud computing" has started to compete with traditional software business through its technological advantages and economy of scale. Cloud computing is a promising enabling technology of Internet ware Cloud Computing is termed as the next big thing in the modern corporate world. Apart from the present day software and technologies, cloud computing will have a growing impact on enterprise IT and business activities in many large organizations. This paper provides an insight to cloud computing, its impacts and discusses various issues that business organizations face while implementing cloud computing. Further, it recommends various strategies that organizations need to adopt while migrating to cloud computing. The purpose of this paper is to develop an understanding of cloud computing in the modern world and its impact on organizations and businesse...

Qamar, S; Singh, Mrityunjay

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Mechanisms of Banner Cloud Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Banner clouds are clouds in the lee of steep mountains or sharp ridges. Their formation has previously been hypothesized as due to three different mechanisms: (i) vertical uplift in a lee vortex (which has a horizontal axis), (ii) adiabatic ...

Matthias Voigt; Volkmar Wirth

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Remote Sensing of Cloud Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Day and night mapping of the global distributions of the horizontal cloud covers and the corresponding cloud-top pressure levels are derived from the same set of infrared radiance data used to retrieve clear-column temperature profiles. General ...

Moustafa T. Chahine

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

A Computer for the Clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computer for the Clouds A Computer for the Clouds August 1, 2008 By PHILIP E. ROSS Columnist IEEE Spectrum: Inside Technology In May an IBM-built supercomputer called Roadrunner...

388

Supersaturation Intermittency in Turbulent Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is hypothesized that bursts of high supersaturation are produced in turbulent, convective clouds through interactions between cloud droplets and the small-scale structure of atmospheric turbulence. This hypothesis is based on the observation ...

Raymond A. Shaw

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Liquid and Ice Cloud Microphysics in the CSU General Circulation Model. Part II: Impact on Cloudiness, the Earth's Radiation Budget, and the General Circulation of the Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A prognostic equation for the mass of condensate associated with large-scale cloudiness introduces a direct coupling between the atmospheric moisture budget and the radiation budget through interactive cloud amounts and cloud optical properties. ...

Laura D. Fowler; David A. Randall

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

The Vertical Structure of Cloud Occurrence and Radiative Forcing at the SGP ARM Site as Revealed by 8 Years of Continuous Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data collected at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program ground sites allow for the description of the atmospheric thermodynamic state, cloud occurrence, and cloud properties. This information allows for the derivation of estimates ...

Gerald G. Mace; Sally Benson

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Ash cloud aviation advisories  

SciTech Connect

During the recent (12--22 June 1991) Mount Pinatubo volcano eruptions, the US Air Force Global Weather Central (AFGWC) requested assistance of the US Department of Energy`s Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) in creating volcanic ash cloud aviation advisories for the region of the Philippine Islands. Through application of its three-dimensional material transport and diffusion models using AFGWC meteorological analysis and forecast wind fields ARAC developed extensive analysis and 12-hourly forecast ash cloud position advisories extending to 48 hours for a period of five days. The advisories consisted of ``relative`` ash cloud concentrations in ten layers (surface-5,000 feet, 5,000--10,000 feet and every 10,000 feet to 90,000 feet). The ash was represented as a log-normal size distribution of 10--200 {mu}m diameter solid particles. Size-dependent ``ashfall`` was simulated over time as the eruption clouds dispersed. Except for an internal experimental attempt to model one of the Mount Redoubt, Alaska, eruptions (12/89), ARAC had no prior experience in modeling volcanic eruption ash hazards. For the cataclysmic eruption of 15--16 June, the complex three-dimensional atmospheric structure of the region produced dramatically divergent ash cloud patterns. The large eruptions (> 7--10 km) produced ash plume clouds with strong westward transport over the South China Sea, Southeast Asia, India and beyond. The low-level eruptions (< 7 km) and quasi-steady-state venting produced a plume which generally dispersed to the north and east throughout the support period. Modeling the sequence of eruptions presented a unique challenge. Although the initial approach proved viable, further refinement is necessary and possible. A distinct need exists to quantify eruptions consistently such that ``relative`` ash concentrations relate to specific aviation hazard categories.

Sullivan, T.J.; Ellis, J.S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Schalk, W.W.; Nasstrom, J.S. [EG and G, Inc., Pleasanton, CA (United States)

1992-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

392

Ice Formation in Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds: Insights from a 3-D Cloud-Resolving Model with Size-Resolved Aerosol and Cloud Microphysics  

SciTech Connect

The single-layer mixed-phase clouds observed during the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program’s Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (MPACE) are simulated with a 3-dimensional cloud-resolving model the System for Atmospheric Modeling (SAM) coupled with an explicit bin microphysics scheme and a radar-lidar simulator. Two possible ice enhancement mechanisms – activation of droplet evaporation residues by condensation-followed-by-freezing and droplet freezing by contact freezing inside-out, are scrutinized by extensive comparisons with aircraft and radar and lidar measurements. The locations of ice initiation associated with each mechanism and the role of ice nuclei (IN) in the evolution of mixed-phase clouds are mainly addressed. Simulations with either mechanism agree well with the in-situ and remote sensing measurements on ice microphysical properties but liquid water content is slightly underpredicted. These two mechanisms give very similar cloud microphysical, macrophysical, dynamical, and radiative properties, although the ice nucleation properties (rate, frequency and location) are completely different. Ice nucleation from activation of evaporation nuclei is most efficient near cloud top areas concentrated on the edges of updrafts, while ice initiation from the drop freezing process has no significant location preference (occurs anywhere that droplet evaporation is significant). Both enhanced nucleation mechanisms contribute dramatically to ice formation with ice particle concentration of 10-15 times higher relative to the simulation without either of them. The contribution of ice nuclei (IN) recycling from ice particle evaporation to IN and ice particle concentration is found to be very significant in this case. Cloud can be very sensitive to IN initially and form a nonquilibrium transition condition, but become much less sensitive as cloud evolves to a steady mixed-phase condition. The parameterization of Meyers et al. [1992] with the observed MPACE IN concentration is able to predict the observed mixed-phase clouds reasonably well. This validation may facilitate the application of this parameterization in the cloud and climate models to simulate Arctic clouds.

Fan, Jiwen; Ovtchinnikov, Mikhail; Comstock, Jennifer M.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Khain, Alexander

2009-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

393

NIST Cloud Computing Related Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Challenging Security Requirements for US Government Cloud Computing Adoption", December 2012 C. Dabrowski and K. Mills, "VM Leakage and ...

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

394

Single-Column Modeling A Stratiform Cloud Parameterization for General Circulation Models  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Stratiform Cloud Parameterization A Stratiform Cloud Parameterization for General Circulation Models S. J. Ghan and L. R. Leung Pacific Northwest Laboratory Richland, WA 99352 C. C. Chuang and J. E. Penner Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory : Livermore. CA 94550 J. McCaa University of Washington Seattle, Washington The crude treatment of clouds in general circulation models (GCMs) is widely recognized as a major limitation in applying these models to predictions of global climate change. The purpose of this project is to develop in GCMs a stratiform cloud parameterization that expresses clouds in terms of bulk microphysical properties and their subgrid variability. Figure 1 summarizes the various cloud variables and their interactions. Precipitating cloud species are distinguished from non-precipitating species, and the liquid phase is

395

ARM - Field Campaign - Ground-based Cloud Tomography Experiment at SGP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsGround-based Cloud Tomography Experiment at SGP govCampaignsGround-based Cloud Tomography Experiment at SGP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Ground-based Cloud Tomography Experiment at SGP 2009.05.26 - 2009.07.17 Lead Scientist : Dong Huang For data sets, see below. Description Knowledge of 3D cloud properties is pressingly needed in many research fields. One of the problems encountered when trying to represent 3D cloud fields in numerical models is that the existing techniques cannot provide necessary observations at the required spatial scale and resolution. We tested a new promising technique for measuring 3D cloud microphysical structure, called cloud microwave tomography, at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site for one month in late April 2009. Five microwave scanning

396

Contract RBAC in cloud computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing is a fast growing field, which is arguably a new computing paradigm. In cloud computing, computing resources are provided as services over the Internet and users can access resources based on their payments. The issue of access control ... Keywords: Cloud computing, Contract, Contract RBAC, Datacenter, RBAC

Hsing-Chung (Jack) Chen, Marsha Anjanette Violetta, Cheng-Ying Yang

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Improving Utilization of Infrastructure Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A key advantage of infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) clouds is providing users on-demand access to resources. To provide on-demand access, however, cloud providers must either significantly overprovision their infrastructure (and pay a high price for ... Keywords: Cloud Computing, Infrastructure-as-a-Service, High Throughput Computing

Paul Marshall; Kate Keahey; Tim Freeman

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Parameterizing Vertically Coherent Cloud Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A parameterization for specifying subgrid-scale cloud distributions in atmospheric models is developed. The fractional area of a grid-scale column in which clouds from two levels overlap (i.e., the cloud overlap probability) is described in terms ...

John W. Bergman; Philip J. Rasch

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

On the Exchange of Kinetic and Magnetic Energy Between Clouds and the Interstellar Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate, through 2D MHD numerical simulations, the interaction of a uniform magnetic field oblique to a moving interstellar cloud. In particular we explore the transformation of cloud kinetic energy into magnetic energy as a result of field line stretching. Some previous simulations have emphasized the possible dynamical importance of a ``magnetic shield'' formed around clouds when the magnetic field is perpendicular to the cloud motion (Jones et al. 1996, Miniati et al. 1998). It was not clear, however, how dependent those findings were to the assumed field configuration and cloud properties. To expand our understanding of this effect, we examine several new cases by varing the magnetic field orientation angle with respect to the cloud motion (\\theta), the cloud-background density contrast, and the cloud Mach number. We show that in 2D and with \\theta large enough, the magnetic field tension can become dominant in the dynamics of the motion of high density contrast, low Mach number clouds. In such cases a significant fraction of cloud kinetic energy can be transformed into magnetic energy with the magnetic pressure at the cloud nose exceeding the ram pressure of the impinging flow. We derive a characteristic timescale for this process of energy ``conversion''. We find also that unless the cloud motion is highly aligned to the magnetic field, reconnection through tearing mode instabilities in the cloud wake limit the formation of a strong flux rope feature following the cloud. Finally we attempt to interpret some observational properties of the magnetic field in view of our results.

Francesco Miniati; T. W. Jones; Dongsu Ryu

1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

400

Evaluating cloud retrieval algorithms with the ARM BBHRP framework  

SciTech Connect

Climate and weather prediction models require accurate calculations of vertical profiles of radiative heating. Although heating rate calculations cannot be directly validated due to the lack of corresponding observations, surface and top-of-atmosphere measurements can indirectly establish the quality of computed heating rates through validation of the calculated irradiances at the atmospheric boundaries. The ARM Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) project, a collaboration of all the working groups in the program, was designed with these heating rate validations as a key objective. Given the large dependence of radiative heating rates on cloud properties, a critical component of BBHRP radiative closure analyses has been the evaluation of cloud microphysical retrieval algorithms. This evaluation is an important step in establishing the necessary confidence in the continuous profiles of computed radiative heating rates produced by BBHRP at the ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF) sites that are needed for modeling studies. This poster details the continued effort to evaluate cloud property retrieval algorithms within the BBHRP framework, a key focus of the project this year. A requirement for the computation of accurate heating rate profiles is a robust cloud microphysical product that captures the occurrence, height, and phase of clouds above each ACRF site. Various approaches to retrieve the microphysical properties of liquid, ice, and mixed-phase clouds have been processed in BBHRP for the ACRF Southern Great Plains (SGP) and the North Slope of Alaska (NSA) sites. These retrieval methods span a range of assumptions concerning the parameterization of cloud location, particle density, size, shape, and involve different measurement sources. We will present the radiative closure results from several different retrieval approaches for the SGP site, including those from Microbase, the current 'reference' retrieval approach in BBHRP. At the NSA, mixed-phase clouds and cloud with a low optical depth are prevalent; the radiative closure studies using Microbase demonstrated significant residuals. As an alternative to Microbase at NSA, the Shupe-Turner cloud property retrieval algorithm, aimed at improving the partitioning of cloud phase and incorporating more constrained, conditional microphysics retrievals, also has been evaluated using the BBHRP data set.

Mlawer,E.; Dunn,M.; Mlawer, E.; Shippert, T.; Troyan, D.; Johnson, K. L.; Miller, M. A.; Delamere, J.; Turner, D. D.; Jensen, M. P.; Flynn, C.; Shupe, M.; Comstock, J.; Long, C. N.; Clough, S. T.; Sivaraman, C.; Khaiyer, M.; Xie, S.; Rutan, D.; Minnis, P.

2008-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A Smooth Cloud Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a large-eddy “smooth” cloud (SC) model will be presented with smooth implying that the entire model converges under a Newton-based solution procedure or that time scales within the SC model are being resolved. Besides ensuring that ...

J. M. Reisner; C. A. Jeffery

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Spectral properties and reflectance curves of the revealed volcanic rocks in Syria using radiometric measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research aimed at studying the spectral reflectance intensity of different exposed volcanic rocks in Syria, and drawing their curves by radiometer measurements. In order to reach this goal, we have studied different kinds of volcanic rocks related ...

M. Rukieh; A. M. Al-Kafri; A. W. Khalaf

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Direct radiometric observations of the water vapor greenhouse effect over the equatorial Pacific ocean  

SciTech Connect

Airborne radiometric measurements were used to determine tropospheric profiles of the clear sky greenhouse effect. At sea surface temperatures (SSTs) larger than 300 kelvin, the clear sky water vapor greenhouse effect was found to increase with SST at a rate of 13 to 15 watts per square meter per kelvin. Satellite measurements of infrared radiances and SSTs indicate that almost 52 percent of the tropical oceans between 20{degrees}N and 20{degrees}S are affected during all seasons. Current general circulation models suggest that the increase in the clear sky water vapor greenhouse effect with SST may have climatic effects on a planetary scale. 23 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Valero, F.P.J.; Collins, W.D.; Bucholtz, A. [Univ. of California, La Jolla, CA (United States)] [and others

1997-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

404

Effects of aerosols on deep convective cumulus clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work investigates the effects of anthropogenic aerosols on deep convective clouds and the associated radiative forcing in the Houston area. The Goddard Cumulus Ensemble model (GCE) coupled with a spectral-bin microphysics is employed to investigate the aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation. First, aerosol indirect effects on clouds are separately investigated under different aerosol compositions, concentrations and size distributions. Then, an updated GCE model coupled with the radiative transfer and land surface processes is employed to investigate the aerosol radiative effects on deep convective clouds. The cloud microphysical and macrophysical properties change considerably with the aerosol properties. With varying the aerosol composition from only (NH4)2SO4, (NH4)2SO4 with soluble organics, to (NH4)2SO4 with slightly soluble organics, the number of activated aerosols decreases gradually, leading to a decrease in the cloud droplet number concentration (CDNC) and an increase in the droplet size. Ice processes are more sensitive to the changes of aerosol chemical properties than the warm rain processes. The most noticeable effect of increasing aerosol number concentrations is an increase of CDNC and cloud water content but a decrease in droplet size. It is indicated that the aerosol indirect effect on deep convection is more pronounced in relatively clean air than in heavily polluted air. The aerosol effects on clouds are strongly dependent on RH: the effect is very significant in humid air. Aerosol radiative effects (ARE) on clouds are very pronounced for mid-visible single-scattering albedo (SSA) of 0.85. Relative to the case without the ARE, cloud fraction and optical depth decrease by about 18% and 20%, respectively. The daytime-mean direct forcing is about 2.2 W m-2 at the TOA and -17.4 W m-2 at the surface. The semi-direct forcing is positive, about 10 and 11.2 W m-2 at the TOA and surface, respectively. Aerosol direct and semi-direct effects are very sensitive to SSA. The cloud fraction, optical depth, convective strength, and precipitation decrease with the increase of absorption, resulting from a more stable atmosphere due to enhanced surface cooling and atmospheric heating.

Fan, Jiwen

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Radiative Importance of ÂŤThinÂŽ Liquid Water Clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Program Accomplishments of the Cloud Properties Working Group (CPWG) August 2006 Cloud Radiative Forcing at the ARM Climate Research Facility: Using ARM Data to Establish Testable Metrics for GCM Predictions of Cloud Feedback Gerald Mace University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah The scientific underpinning of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is largely based on the premise that long term ground-based measurements of certain quantities provide information sufficient to test the skill of general circulation models (GCMs) to predict radiative heating and cloud feedbacks (Stokes and Schwartz, 1994; Ackerman and Stokes, 2003). This hypothesis is based on the assumption that some set of long-term ground-based measurements provide sufficient information to characterize the physical state of the atmospheric

406

ARM - Field Campaign - Biogenic Aerosols - Effects on Clouds and Climate:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsBiogenic Aerosols - Effects on Clouds and Climate: govCampaignsBiogenic Aerosols - Effects on Clouds and Climate: FIGAERO-ToF-CIMS Instrument in Hyytiala with AMF-2 Related Campaigns Biogenic Aerosols- Effects on Clouds and Climate 2014.02.01, Petäjä, AMF Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Biogenic Aerosols - Effects on Clouds and Climate: FIGAERO-ToF-CIMS Instrument in Hyytiala with AMF-2 2014.04.01 - 2014.06.01 Lead Scientist : Joel Thornton Description The ultimate goal of this work is to connect field and laboratory observations of organic aerosol chemical and physical properties during the nascent growth stage to the diurnal and vertical distributions of aerosol abundance measured over the boreal forest by the ARM Mobile Facility 2

407

MODTRAN cloud and multiple scattering upgrades with application to AVIRIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent upgrades to the MODTRAN atmospheric radiation code improve the accuracy of its radiance predictions, especially in the presence of clouds and thick aerosols, and for multiple scattering in regions of strong molecular line absorption. The current public-released version of MODTRAN (MODTRAN3.7) features a generalized specification of cloud properties, while the current research version of MODTRAN (MODTRAN4) implements a correlated-k (CK) approach for more accurate calculation of multiple scattered radiance. Comparisons to cloud measurements demonstrate the viability of the CK approach. The impact of these upgrades on predictions for AVIRIS viewing scenarios is discussed for both clear and clouded skies; the CK approach provides refined predictions for AVIRIS nadir and near-nadir viewing.

Berk, A.; Bernstein, L.S.; Acharya, P.K.; Robertson, D.C.; Adler-Golden, S.M. [Spectral Sciences, Inc., Burlington, MA (United States)] [Spectral Sciences, Inc., Burlington, MA (United States); Anderson, G.P.; Chetwynd, J.H. [Air Force Research Lab., Hanscom AFB, MA (United States). Geophysics Directorate] [Air Force Research Lab., Hanscom AFB, MA (United States). Geophysics Directorate

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

An Automated Cirrus Cloud Detection Method for a Ground-Based Cloud Image  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud detection is a basic research for achieving cloud-cover state and other cloud characteristics. Because of the influence of sunlight, the brightness of sky background on the ground-based cloud image is usually nonuniform, which increases the ...

Jun Yang; Weitao Lu; Ying Ma; Wen Yao

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

A Cloud-Resolving Model with an Adaptive Vertical Grid for Boundary Layer Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate cloud-resolving model simulations of cloud cover and cloud water content for boundary layer clouds are difficult to achieve without vertical grid spacing well below 100 m, especially for inversion-topped stratocumulus. The need for fine ...

Roger Marchand; Thomas Ackerman

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Preliminary definition of Barstow standard cloud model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The motion of cloud shadows across a collector field for a central receiver solar power plant can affect the design of such a facility. Cloud models were developed to be used for basis of design in technology areas. The first effect, that of the temperature gradient, is simulated by postulating the worst case cloud situation. The cyclic effects require realistic cloud shadow time histories for simulation. Cloud shadow models were developed to determine probable cloud type, the cloud area and shape, cloud velocity and cloud-to-cloud spacing. The probability of cloud occurrence is estimated. A collector field computer program is run to determine the effect of cloud variables on collector field power delivery capability. Recommendation of cloud models to be used for basis of design are then made.

None

1978-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

411

Hupmobile cloud chamber parameters  

SciTech Connect

The accompanying table lists the presently selected parameters for the twelve cloud chambers. The chambers are numbered consecutively from 4 through 15 as they are lined up in the bunker. The lowest number is closest to the source. All except the first chamber have some thin metal filters to attenuate the flux and harden the spectrum. Cloud chambers 10, 12, and 14 are shielded by a collimator with about 200 pinholes in it. The flux in these chambers is attenuated by the ratio of the pinhole area to total beam area which is a factor of 50. Various gases and gas pressures are used to obtain suitable track lengths and interaction cross sections. Neon, argon, and krypton are used to obtain photo electrons. Hydrogen is used to obtain Compton electrons.

Hansen, N. E.

1967-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

412

CloudCast: Cloud Computing for Short-Term Weather Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CloudCast provides clients with personalized short-term weather forecasts based on their current location using cloud services

Dilip Kumar Krishnappa; David Irwin; Eric Lyons; Michael Zink

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

FORMATION OF TURBULENT AND MAGNETIZED MOLECULAR CLOUDS VIA ACCRETION FLOWS OF H I CLOUDS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations, including the effects of radiative cooling/heating, chemical reactions, and thermal conduction, we investigate the formation of molecular clouds in the multi-phase interstellar medium. As suggested by recent observations, we consider the formation of molecular clouds due to accretion of H I clouds. Our simulations show that the initial H I medium is piled up behind the shock waves induced by accretion flows. Since the initial medium is highly inhomogeneous as a consequence of thermal instability, a newly formed molecular cloud becomes very turbulent owing to the development of the Richtmyer-Meshkov instability. The kinetic energy of the turbulence dominates the thermal, magnetic, and gravitational energies throughout the entire 10 Myr evolution. However, the kinetic energy measured using CO-fraction-weighted densities is comparable to the other energies, once the CO molecules are sufficiently formed as a result of UV shielding. This suggests that the true kinetic energy of turbulence in molecular clouds as a whole can be much larger than the kinetic energy of turbulence estimated using line widths of molecular emission. We find that clumps in a molecular cloud show the following statistically homogeneous evolution: the typical plasma {beta} of the clumps is roughly constant ({beta}) {approx_equal} 0.4; the size-velocity dispersion relation is {Delta}v {approx_equal} 1.5 km s{sup -1} (l/1 pc){sup 0.5}, irrespective of the density; the clumps evolve toward magnetically supercritical, gravitationally unstable cores; and the clumps seem to evolve into cores that satisfy the condition for fragmentation into binaries. These statistical properties may represent the initial conditions of star formation.

Inoue, Tsuyoshi [Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University, Fuchinobe, Chuou-ku, Sagamihara 252-5258 (Japan); Inutsuka, Shu-ichiro, E-mail: inouety@phys.aoyama.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

MAGIC: Marine ARM GPCI Investigation of Clouds  

SciTech Connect

The second Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Mobile Facility (AMF2) will be deployed aboard the Horizon Lines cargo container ship merchant vessel (M/V) Spirit for MAGIC, the Marine ARM GPCI1 Investigation of Clouds. The Spirit will traverse the route between Los Angeles, California, and Honolulu, Hawaii, from October 2012 through September 2013 (except for a few months in the middle of this time period when the ship will be in dry dock). During this field campaign, AMF2 will observe and characterize the properties of clouds and precipitation, aerosols, and atmospheric radiation; standard meteorological and oceanographic variables; and atmospheric structure. There will also be two intensive observational periods (IOPs), one in January 2013 and one in July 2013, during which more detailed measurements of the atmospheric structure will be made.

Lewis, ER; Wiscombe, WJ; Albrecht, BA; Bland, GL; Flagg, CN; Klein, SA; Kollias, P; Mace, G; Reynolds, RM; Schwartz, SE; Siebesma, AP; Teixeira, J; Wood, R; Zhang, M

2012-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

415

Dynamic Effects on the Tropical Cloud Radiative Forcing and Radiation Budget  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical velocity is used to isolate the effect of large-scale dynamics on the observed radiation budget and cloud properties in the tropics, using the methodology suggested by Bony et al. Cloud and radiation budget quantities in the tropics show ...

Jian Yuan; Dennis L. Hartmann; Robert Wood

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Broken and inhomogeneous cloud impact on satellite cloud particle effective radius and cloudphase retrievals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the particle size distribution, height, and thermo- dynamic phase of clouds. Water and ice clouds have parameterizations is the global dis- tribution of cloud thermodynamic phase, i.e., whether a cloud is composed on satellitederived cloud particle effective radius (re) and cloud phase (CPH) for broken and overcast inhomogeneous

Stoffelen, Ad

417

Cumulus Clouds and Reflected Sunlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cumulus Clouds and Reflected Sunlight Cumulus Clouds and Reflected Sunlight from Landsat ETM+ G. Wen and L. Oreopoulos National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center University of Maryland Baltimore County Joint Center of Earth System Technology Greenbelt, Maryland R. F. Cahalan and S. C. Tsay National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland Introduction Cumulus clouds attenuate solar radiation casting shows on the ground. Cumulus clouds can also enhance solar radiation in the clear region nearby. The enhancement of down-welling solar radiation has been observed at the ground level in the clear region near cumulus clouds (Mims and Frederick 1994). The additional diffuse radiation source from cumulus clouds makes the clear gaps appear to be

418

Size of Cloud from Shadow  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Size of Cloud from Shadow Size of Cloud from Shadow Name: mike Status: other Grade: other Location: N/A Country: USA Date: Summer 2011 Question: I see a cloud and I see its shadow in a field - knowing high sun angles - is there a way of telling how far away the cloud is or how big? - I am thinking if the shadow is 30' wide and the sun is at 2:00 pm- ? Replies: Hi Mike, Try this, draw a small circle representing the Sun. Somewhere below this circle and maybe to the right, draw an oblong, make this oblong bigger than the circle. Now connect the leftmost edge of the circle with the leftmost edge of the oblong with a straight line. Do the same for the rightmost edges. The oblong now represent the shadow of a cloud on the ground, and the lines represent the rays of the sun passing along the edges of the cloud.

419

Service Availability in Cloud Computing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Cloud computing provides access to on-demand computing resources and storage space, whereby applications and data are hosted with data centers managed by third parties,… (more)

Adegoke, Adekunle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

China Total Cloud Amount Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Total Cloud Amount Over China DOI: 10.3334CDIACcli.008 data Data image Graphics Investigator Dale P. Kaiser Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental...

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421

Study of Mechanisms of Aerosol Indirect Effects on Glaciated Clouds: Progress during the Project Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

This 3-year project has studied how aerosol pollution influences glaciated clouds. The tool applied has been an 'aerosol-cloud model'. It is a type of Cloud-System Resolving Model (CSRM) modified to include 2-moment bulk microphysics and 7 aerosol species, as described by Phillips et al. (2009, 2013). The study has been done by, first, improving the model and then performing sensitivity studies with validated simulations of a couple of observed cases from ARM. These are namely the Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) over the tropical west Pacific and the Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign (CLASIC) over Oklahoma. During the project, sensitivity tests with the model showed that in continental clouds, extra liquid aerosols (soluble aerosol material) from pollution inhibited warm rain processes for precipitation production. This promoted homogeneous freezing of cloud droplets and aerosols. Mass and number concentrations of cloud-ice particles were boosted. The mean sizes of cloud-ice particles were reduced by the pollution. Hence, the lifetime of glaciated clouds, especially ice-only clouds, was augmented due to inhibition of sedimentation and ice-ice aggregation. Latent heat released from extra homogeneous freezing invigorated convective updrafts, and raised their maximum cloud-tops, when aerosol pollution was included. In the particular cases simulated in the project, the aerosol indirect effect of glaciated clouds was twice than of (warm) water clouds. This was because glaciated clouds are higher in the troposphere than water clouds and have the first interaction with incoming solar radiation. Ice-only clouds caused solar cooling by becoming more extensive as a result of aerosol pollution. This 'lifetime indirect effect' of ice-only clouds was due to higher numbers of homogeneously nucleated ice crystals causing a reduction in their mean size, slowing the ice-crystal process of snow production and slowing sedimentation. In addition to the known indirect effects (glaciation, riming and thermodynamic), new indirect effects were discovered and quantified due to responses of sedimentation, aggregation and coalescence in glaciated clouds to changing aerosol conditions. In summary, the change in horizontal extent of the glaciated clouds ('lifetime indirect effects'), especially of ice-only clouds, was seen to be of higher importance in regulating aerosol indirect effects than changes in cloud properties ('cloud albedo indirect effects').

Phillips, Vaughan T. J.

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

422

Effective Radius of Cloud Droplets by Ground-Based Remote Sensing: Relationships to Aerosol?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effective Radius of Cloud Droplets by Ground-Based Effective Radius of Cloud Droplets by Ground-Based Remote Sensing: Relationships to Aerosol? B.-G. Kim, S. E. Schwartz, and M. A. Miller Environmental Sciences Department Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Q.-L. Min Atmospheric Science Research Center State University of New York Albany, New York Introduction Aerosol Indirect Effect Increases in anthropogenic sources of cloud condensation nuclei can increase cloud albedo by increasing the concentration and reducing the size of cloud droplets, usually referred to as the indirect effect of aerosol on climate (Twomey 1977). However, the magnitudes of the various kinds of indirect forcing are particularly uncertain, because they involve subtle changes in cloud radiative properties and lifetimes

423

A Comparison of Cirrus Cloud Visible Optical Depth Derived from Lidar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comparison of Cirrus Cloud Visible Optical Depth Derived from Lidar Comparison of Cirrus Cloud Visible Optical Depth Derived from Lidar Lo, Chaomei Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Comstock, Jennifer Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Flynn, Connor Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Category: Cloud Properties Optically thin clouds (e.g. optical depth < 3) can have a significant impact on radiative heating in the atmosphere, particularly in the cold upper troposphere. Currently, there is no value-added product (VAP) in the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program archive that produces thin cloud optical depth, particularly at the Tropical Western Pacific and North Slope of Alaska sites. A VAP is under development to obtain the cirrus cloud visible optical depth from the MPLNOR (Micro Pulse Lidar Normalized

424

Minimalist Model of Ice Microphysics in Mixed-phase Stratiform Clouds  

SciTech Connect

The question of whether persistent ice crystal precipitation from super cooled layer clouds can be explained by time-dependent, stochastic ice nucleation is explored using an approximate, analytical model, and a large-eddy simulation (LES) cloud model. The updraft velocity in the cloud defines an accumulation zone, where small ice particles cannot fall out until they are large enough, which will increase the residence time of ice particles in the cloud. Ice particles reach a quasi-steady state between growth by vapor deposition and fall speed at cloud base. The analytical model predicts that ice water content (wi) has a 2.5 power law relationship with ice number concentration ni. wi and ni from a LES cloud model with stochastic ice nucleation also confirm the 2.5 power law relationship. The prefactor of the power law is proportional to the ice nucleation rate, and therefore provides a quantitative link to observations of ice microphysical properties.

Yang, F.; Ovchinnikov, Mikhail; Shaw, Raymond A.

2013-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

425

Cloud Microphysical Relationships in California Marine Stratus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud microphysical measurements off the southern California coast are presented and compared with in situ airborne measurements of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) spectra. Large-scale variations in cloud droplet concentrations were due to CCN ...

James G. Hudson; Gunilla Svensson

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Statistical Description of Radiation Transfer in Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The statistical characteristics of simulated cloud fields constructed based on Poisson point fluxes are studied. The input parameters of mathematical models of cloudiness include the cloud fraction and the mean horizontal size of clouds ...

Georgi A. Titov

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Radiative Effects of Cloud-Type Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiative flux changes induced by the occurrence of different cloud types are investigated using International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project cloud data and a refined radiative transfer model from National Aeronautics and Space ...

Ting Chen; William B. Rossow; Yuanchong Zhang

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

CALIPSO/CALIOP Cloud Phase Discrimination Algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current cloud thermodynamic phase discrimination by Cloud-Aerosol Lidar Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) is based on the depolarization of backscattered light measured by its lidar [Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (...

Yongxiang Hu; David Winker; Mark Vaughan; Bing Lin; Ali Omar; Charles Trepte; David Flittner; Ping Yang; Shaima L. Nasiri; Bryan Baum; Robert Holz; Wenbo Sun; Zhaoyan Liu; Zhien Wang; Stuart Young; Knut Stamnes; Jianping Huang; Ralph Kuehn

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

The Visualization of Cloud Droplet Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper draws attention to the use of readily available, wire cage graphics for inspecting cloud droplet spectra measured using a Forward Light-Scattering Spectrometer Probe. The high resolution cloud droplet spectra from two different clouds ...

Robert R. Czys

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A Survey on Cloud Provider Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Survey on Cloud Provider Security Measures Alex Pucher, Stratos Dimopoulos Abstract Cloud take advantage of this model already, but security and privacy concerns limit the further adoption agencies and start offering security certifications and separate tightly controlled "government" cloud

431

Radiometric Modeling of Mechanical Draft Cooling Towers to Assist in the Extraction of their Absolute Temperature from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiometric Modeling of Mechanical Draft Cooling Towers to Assist in the Extraction108, Aiken, SC, USA ABSTRACT Determining the internal temperature of a mechanical draft cooling tower is to estimate the temperature of the air exiting a mechanical draft cooling tower (MDCT) through the use

Salvaggio, Carl

432

NIST Joint Cloud and Big Data Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Joint Cloud and Big Data Workshop. Purpose: ... The second and third days of the workshop focused on the intersection of Cloud and Big Data. ...

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

433

6.1 Cloud Management Broker  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the cloud-management-broker programming or human interface, and ... broker notifies cloud-user with error specifics or ... Transient errors can be retried ...

2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

434

AN EVOLUTIONARY MODEL FOR COLLAPSING MOLECULAR CLOUDS AND THEIR STAR FORMATION ACTIVITY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an idealized, semi-empirical model for the evolution of gravitationally contracting molecular clouds (MCs) and their star formation rate (SFR) and efficiency (SFE). The model assumes that the instantaneous SFR is given by the mass above a certain density threshold divided by its free-fall time. The instantaneous number of massive stars is computed assuming a Kroupa initial mass function. These stars feed back on the cloud through ionizing radiation, eroding it. The main controlling parameter of the evolution turns out to be the maximum cloud mass, M{sub max}. This allows us to compare various properties of the model clouds against their observational counterparts. A giant molecular cloud (GMC) model (M{sub max} {approx} 10{sup 5} M{sub Sun }) adheres very well to the evolutionary scenario recently inferred by Kawamura et al. for GMCs in the Large Magellanic Cloud. A model cloud with M{sub max} Almost-Equal-To 2000 M{sub Sun} evolves in the Kennicutt-Schmidt diagram, first passing through the locus of typical low-to-intermediate-mass star-forming clouds, and then moving toward the locus of high-mass star-forming ones over the course of {approx}10 Myr. Also, the stellar age histograms for this cloud a few Myr before its destruction agree very well with those observed in the {rho}-Oph stellar association, whose parent cloud has a similar mass, and imply that the SFR of the clouds increases with time. Our model thus agrees well with various observed properties of star-forming MCs, suggesting that the scenario of gravitationally collapsing MCs, with their SFR regulated by stellar feedback, is entirely feasible and in agreement with key observed properties of MCs.

Zamora-Aviles, Manuel; Vazquez-Semadeni, Enrique; Colin, Pedro [Centro de Radioastronomia y Astrofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apdo. Postal 3-72, Morelia, Michoacan, 58089 (Mexico)

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

435

How Common are the Magellanic Clouds  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a probabilistic approach to the problem of counting dwarf satellites around host galaxies in databases with limited redshift information. This technique is used to investigate the occurrence of satellites with luminosities similar to the Magellanic Clouds around hosts with properties similar to the Milky Way in the object catalog of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Our analysis uses data from SDSS Data Release 7, selecting candidate Milky-Way-like hosts from the spectroscopic catalog and candidate analogs of the Magellanic Clouds from the photometric catalog. Our principal result is the probability for a Milky-Way-like galaxy to host N{sub sat} close satellites with luminosities similar to the Magellanic Clouds. We find that 81 percent of galaxies like the Milky Way have no such satellites within a radius of 150 kpc, 11 percent have one, and only 3.5 percent of hosts have two. The probabilities are robust to changes in host and satellite selection criteria, background-estimation technique, and survey depth. These results demonstrate that the Milky Way has significantly more satellites than a typical galaxy of its luminosity; this fact is useful for understanding the larger cosmological context of our home galaxy.

Liu, Lulu; Gerke, Brian F.; Wechsler, Risa H.; Behroozi, Peter S.; Busha, Michael T.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC

2011-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

436

Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE): Cloud and Rain Characteristics in the Australian Monsoon  

SciTech Connect

The impact of oceanic convection on its environment and the relationship between the characteristics of the convection and the resulting cirrus characteristics is still not understood. An intense airborne measurement campaign combined with an extensive network of ground-based observations is being planned for the region near Darwin, Northern Australia, during January-February, 2006, to address these questions. The Tropical Warm Pool – International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) will be the first field program in the tropics that attempts to describe the evolution of tropical convection, including the large scale heat, moisture, and momentum budgets, while at the same time obtaining detailed observations of cloud properties and the impact of the clouds on the environment. The emphasis will be on cirrus for the cloud properties component of the experiment. Cirrus clouds are ubiquitous in the tropics and have a large impact on their environment but the properties of these clouds are poorly understood. A crucial product from this experiment will be a dataset suitable to provide the forcing and testing required by cloud-resolving models and parameterizations in global climate models. This dataset will provide the necessary link between cloud properties and the models that are attempting to simulate them. The experiment is a collaboration between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, the Bureau of Meteorology (BoM), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the European Commission DG RTD-1.2, and several United States, Australian, Canadian, and European Universities. This experiment will be undertaken over a 4-week period in early 2006. January and February corresponds to the wet phase of the Australia monsoon. This season has been selected because, despite Darwin’s coastal location, the convection that occurs over and near Darwin at this time is largely of maritime origin with a large fetch over water. Based on previous experiments, the convection appears typical of maritime convection with widespread convection that has complex organization, but is not as deep or as intense as continental or coastal convection. Therefore, it is expected that the convection and cloud characteristics will be representative of conditions typical for wide areas of the tropics.

PT May; C Jakob; JH Mather

2004-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

437

Angular Distribution Models for Top-of-Atmosphere Radiative Flux Estimation from the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System Instrument on the Terra Satellite. Part I: Methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Clouds and Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) provides coincident global cloud and aerosol properties together with reflected solar, emitted terrestrial longwave, and infrared window radiative fluxes. These data are needed to improve the ...

Norman G. Loeb; Seiji Kato; Konstantin Loukachine; Natividad Manalo-Smith

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Cloud Computing Towards Technological Convergence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the popularization and improvement of social and industrial IT development, information appears to explosively increase, and people put much higher expectations on the services of computing, communication and network. Today's public communication ... Keywords: Architectural Strategies, Cloud Computing, Cloud Environments, Communication Network, Computing, Convergence

P. Sasikala

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Enabling cloud interoperability with COMPSs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advent of Cloud computing has given to researchers the ability to access resources that satisfy their growing needs, which could not be satisfied by traditional computing resources such as PCs and locally managed clusters. On the other side, such ... Keywords: PaaS, cloud computing, data mining, parallel programming models

Fabrizio Marozzo; Francesc Lordan; Roger Rafanell; Daniele Lezzi; Domenico Talia; Rosa M. Badia

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A Liquid-Helium-Cooled Absolute Reference Cold Load forLong-Wavelength Radiometric Calibration  

SciTech Connect

We describe a large (78-cm) diameter liquid-helium-cooled black-body absolute reference cold load for the calibration of microwave radiometers. The load provides an absolute calibration near the liquid helium (LHe) boiling point, accurate to better than 30 mK for wavelengths from 2.5 to 25 cm (12-1.2 GHz). The emission (from non-LHe temperature parts of the cold load) and reflection are small and well determined. Total corrections to the LHe boiling point temperature are {le} 50 mK over the operating range. This cold load has been used at several wavelengths at the South Pole and at the White Mountain Research Station. In operation, the average LHe loss rate was {le} 4.4 l/hr. Design considerations, radiometric and thermal performance and operational aspects are discussed. A comparison with other LHe-cooled reference loads including the predecessor of this cold load is given.

Bensadoun, M.; Witebsky, C.; Smoot, George F.; De Amici,Giovanni; Kogut, A.; Levin, S.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Uncertainty Analysis for Broadband Solar Radiometric Instrumentation Calibrations and Measurements: An Update; Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The measurement of broadband solar radiation has grown in importance since the advent of solar renewable energy technologies in the 1970's, and the concern about the Earth's radiation balance related to climate change in the 1990's. In parallel, standardized methods of uncertainty analysis and reporting have been developed. Historical and updated uncertainties are based on the current international standardized uncertainty analysis method. Despite the fact that new and sometimes overlooked sources of uncertainty have been identified over the period 1988 to 2004, uncertainty in broadband solar radiometric instrumentation remains at 3% to 5% for pyranometers, and 2% to 3% for pyrheliometers. Improvements in characterizing correction functions for radiometer data may reduce total uncertainty. We analyze the theoretical standardized uncertainty sensitivity coefficients for the instrumentation calibration measurement equation and highlight the single parameter (thermal offset voltages), which contributes the most to the observed calibration responsivities.

Myers, D. R.; Reda, I. M.; Wilcox, S. M.; Stoffel, T. L.

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Absorption of Visible Radiation by Atmospheric Aerosol Particles Fog and Cloud Water Residues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Light absorption by samples of atmospheric aerosol particles as a function of size was studied using the integrating sphere method. In addition, the optical properties of fog and cloud-water residues were determined. The samples were taken at two ...

Karl Andre; Ralph Dlugi; Gottfried Schnatz

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Arctic Cloud Microphysics Retrievals from Surface-Based Remote Sensors at SHEBA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An operational suite of ground-based, remote sensing retrievals for producing cloud microphysical properties is described, assessed, and applied to 1 yr of observations in the Arctic. All measurements were made in support of the Surface Heat ...

Matthew D. Shupe; Taneil Uttal; Sergey Y. Matrosov

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Effective Radius of Ice Cloud Particle Populations Derived from Aircraft Probes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effective radius (re) is a crucial variable in representing the radiative properties of cloud layers in general circulation models. This parameter is proportional to the condensed water content (CWC) divided by the extinction (?). For ice ...

Andrew J. Heymsfield; Carl Schmitt; Aaron Bansemer; Gerd-Jan van Zadelhoff; Matthew J. McGill; Cynthia Twohy; Darrel Baumgardner

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

The Remote Sensing of Clouds and Precipitation from Space: A Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a critical review of a number of popular methods that have been developed to retrieve cloud and precipitation properties from satellite radiance measurements. The emphasis of the paper is on the retrieval uncertainties ...

Graeme L. Stephens; Christian D. Kummerow

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Unified Treatment of Thermodynamic and Optical Variability in a Simple Model of Unresolved Low Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Comparative studies of global climate models have long shown a marked sensitivity to the parameterization of cloud properties. Early attempts to quantify this sensitivity were hampered by diagnostic schemes that were inherently biased toward the ...

Christopher A. Jeffery; Philip H. Austin

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

A Clustering Approach to Compare Cloud Model Simulations to Satellite Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-resolving models (CRMs) offer an important pathway to interpret satellite observations of microphysical properties of storms. High-frequency microwave brightness temperatures (Tbs) respond to precipitating-sized ice particles and can ...

Fang Wang; Christian Kummerow

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Radiative Transfer on a Linear Lattice: Application to Anisotropic Ice Crystal Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of radiative transfer in a horizontally infinite cloud layer possessing anisotropy with respect to volume extinction and other single-scattering properties was solved using the method of discrete space theory. The model was applied to ...

Graeme L. Stephens

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Ground-Based and Satellite Observations of Cloud Fields in the Netherlands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study is performed on the combination of ground-based and satellite observations for the derivation of cloud properties. Ground-based measurements from a lidar ceilometer and an infrared radiometer were combined with measurements of the NOAA ...

Arnout Feut; André van Lammeren

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

A Case Study of Ships Forming and Not Forming Tracks in Moderately Polluted Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of anthropogenic particulate emissions from ships on the radiative, microphysical, and chemical properties of moderately polluted marine stratiform clouds are examined. A case study of two ships in the same air mass is presented where ...

Kevin J. Noone; Elisabeth Öström; Ronald J. Ferek; Tim Garrett; Peter V. Hobbs; Doug W. Johnson; Jonathan P. Taylor; Lynn M. Russell; Richard C. Flagan; John H. Seinfeld; Colin D. O’Dowd; Michael H. Smith; Philip A. Durkee; Kurt Nielsen; James G. Hudson; Robert A. Pockalny; Lieve De Bock; René E. Van Grieken; Richard F. Gasparovic; Ian Brooks

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Effect of Marine Stratocumulus Clouds on the Ocean-Surface Heat Budget  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mixed-layer stratocumulus model first developed by Lilly is extended to include liquid-water-dependent solar optical properties and infrared radiative fluxes. The ocean-surface heat budget under these clouds is discussed as a function of ...

Howard P. Hanson; Patricia L. Gruber

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Mature Thunderstorm Cloud-Top Structure and Dynamics: A Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An anelastic three-dimensional model is used to investigate the effects of vertical wind shear regime on cloud-top structure and internal properties of mature isolated midlatitude thunderstorms. Four comparative experiments, designated A through ...

Robert E. Schlesinger

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Environmental Control of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Polarity in Severe Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, it is hypothesized that the mesoscale environment can indirectly control the cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning polarity of severe storms by directly affecting their structural, dynamical, and microphysical properties, which in turn ...

Lawrence D. Carey; Kurt M. Buffalo

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Global, Seasonal Cloud Variations from Satellite Radiance Measurements. Part I: Sensitivity of Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global, daily, visible and infrared radiance measurements from the NOAA-5 Scanning Radiometer (SR) are analyzed for the months of January, April, July and October 1977 to infer cloud and surface radiative properties. In this first paper in a ...

William B. Rossow; Leonid C. Garder; Andrew A. Lacis

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Initial Tendencies of Cloud Regimes in the Met Office Unified Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Met Office unified forecast–climate model is used to compare the properties of simulated climatological cloud regimes with those produced in short-range forecasts initialized from operational analyses. The regimes are defined as principal ...

K. D. Williams; M. E. Brooks

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

A Fractal Dimensional Analysis on the Cloud Shape Parameters of Cumulus over Land  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution Landsat thematic mapper image data were employed in the present study to estimate the influence of regional wind systems on the macrophysical properties of cumulus clouds, such as perimeter fractal dimension, orientation angle, ...

Kazuo Gotoh; Yasuhiko Fujii

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Absorption of Solar Radiation by Stratocumulus Clouds: Aircraft Measurements and Theoretical Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aircraft observations of shortwave radiative properties of stratocumulus clouds were carried out over the western North Pacific Ocean during January 1991. Two aircraft were equipped with a pair of pyranometers and near-infrared pyranometers. ...

Tadahiro Hayasaka; Nobuyuki Kikuchi; Masayuki Tanaka

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Validation of MODIS-Retrieved Cloud Fractions Using Whole Sky Imager Measurements at the Three ARM Sites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MODIS-Retrieved Cloud Fractions Using MODIS-Retrieved Cloud Fractions Using Whole Sky Imager Measurements at the Three ARM Sites Z. Li, M. C. Cribb, and F.-L. Chang Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center University of Maryland College Park, Maryland A. P. Trishchenko Canada Centre for Remote Sensing Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Introduction Given the importance of clouds in modulating the surface energy budget, it is critical to obtain accurate estimates of their fractional amount in the atmospheric column for use in modeling studies. Satellite remote sensing of cloud properties such as cloud amount has the advantage of providing global coverage on a regular basis. Ground-based surveys of cloud fraction offer a practical database for use in determining the accuracy of these remotely sensed estimates of cloud fraction on a regional scale.

459

TWP Island Cloud Trail Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pacific Island Cloud Trail Studies Pacific Island Cloud Trail Studies W. M. Porch Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico S. Winiecki University of Chicago Chicago, Illinois Introduction Images and surface temperature measurements from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Multi- spectral Thermal Imaging (MTI) satellite are combined with geostationary meteorological satellite (GMS) images during 2000 and 2001 to better understand cloud trail formation characteristics from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site. Figure 1 shows a comparison on two consecutive days in December 2000. The day for which a cloud trail developed was more moist and cooler at the altitude the cloud developed (about 600 m) and there was very little

460

Cloud Computing: Exploring the scope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cloud computing refers a paradigm shift to overall IT solutions while raising the accessibility, scalability and effectiveness through its enabling technologies. However, migrated cloud platforms and services cost benefits as well as performances are neither clear nor summarized. Globalization and the recessionary economic times have not only raised the bar of a better IT delivery models but also have given access to technology enabled services via internet. Cloud computing has vast potential in terms of lean Retail methodologies that can minimize the operational cost by using the third party based IT capabilities, as a service. It will not only increase the ROI but will also help in lowering the total cost of ownership. In this paper we have tried to compare the cloud computing cost benefits with the actual premise cost which an organization incurs normally. However, in spite of the cost benefits, many IT professional believe that the latest model i.e. "cloud computing" has risks and security concerns. This ...

Pandey, Abhinav; Tandon, Ankit; Maurya, Brajesh Kr; Kushwaha, Upendra

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Comparison of the Vertical Velocity Used to Calculate the Cloud Droplet Number Concentration in a Cloud Resolving and a Global Climate Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comparison of the Vertical Velocity Comparison of the Vertical Velocity used to Calculate the Cloud Droplet Number Concentration in a Cloud-Resolving and a Global Climate Model H. Guo, J. E. Penner, M. Herzog, and X. Liu Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan Introduction Anthropogenic aerosols are effective cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). The availability of CCN affects the initial cloud droplet number concentration (CDNC) and droplet size; therefore, cloud optical properties (the so-called first aerosol indirect effect). However, the estimate of CDNC from a mechanistic treatment shows significant differences from the empirical schemes mainly due to the large bias of the large-scale vertical velocity (w) (Ghan et al. 1993, 1995; Boucher and Lohmann 1995;

462

Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Lubricant properties...45.0 6.80 103 0.67 � � 5W-30 motor oil, SG/CD, energy conserving II, ILSAC,

463

RACORO Extended-Term Aircraft Observations of Boundary-Layer Clouds  

SciTech Connect

A first-of-a-kind, extended-term cloud aircraft campaign was conducted to obtain an in-situ statistical characterization of boundary-layer clouds needed to investigate cloud processes and refine retrieval algorithms. Coordinated by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Aerial Facility (AAF), the Routine AAF Clouds with Low Optical Water Depths (CLOWD) Optical Radiative Observations (RACORO) field campaign operated over the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site from 22 January to 30 June 2009, collecting 260 h of data during 59 research flights. A comprehensive payload aboard the Center for Interdisciplinary Remotely-Piloted Aircraft Studies (CIRPAS) Twin Otter aircraft measured cloud microphysics, solar and thermal radiation, aerosol properties, and atmospheric state parameters. Proximity to the SGP's extensive complement of surface measurements provides ancillary data that supports modeling studies and enables evaluating a variety of surface retrieval algorithms. The five-month duration enabled sampling a range of conditions associated with the seasonal transition from winter to summer. Although about two-thirds of the cloud flights occurred in May and June, boundary-layer cloud fields were sampled under a variety of environmental and aerosol conditions, with about 75% of the flights occurring in cumulus and stratocumulus. Preliminary analyses show how these data are being used to analyze cloud-aerosol relationships, determine the aerosol sizes that are responsible for nucleating cloud drops, characterize the horizontal variability of the cloud radiative impacts, and evaluate air-borne and surface-based cloud property retrievals. We discuss how conducting an extended-term campaign requires a simplified operating paradigm that is different from that used for typical, short-term, intensive aircraft field programs.

Vogelmann, A. M.; McFarquhar, Greg; Ogren, John A.; Turner, David D.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Feingold, G.; Long, Charles N.; Jonsson, Haf; Bucholtz, Anthony; Collins, Donald R.; Diskin, G. S.; Gerber, H.; Lawson, Paul; Woods, Roy; Andrews, Elizabeth; Yang, Hee-Jung; Chiu, Christine J.; Hartsock, Daniel; Hubbe, John M.; Lo, Chaomei; Marshak, A.; Monroe, Justin; McFarlane, Sally A.; Schmid, Beat; Tomlinson, Jason M.; Toto, Tami

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

464

Discussion of Intelligent Cloud Computing System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud Computing System (CCS) aims to power the next generation data centers and enables application service providers to lease data center capabilities for deploying applications depending on user Quality of Service (QoS) requirements. Huge investments ... Keywords: cloud computing system, intelligent cloud computing system, data warehouse, cloud computing management information system

Yu Hua Zhang; Jian Zhang; Wei Hua Zhang

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Cloud Droplet Size Distributions in Low-Level Stratiform Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A database of stratus cloud droplet (diameter <50 ?m) size distribution parameters, derived from in situ data reported in the existing literature, was created, facilitating intercomparison among datasets and quantifying typical values and their ...

Natasha L. Miles; Johannes Verlinde; Eugene E. Clothiaux

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

AIRS Subpixel Cloud Characterization Using MODIS Cloud Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) measurements from the Earth Observing System's (EOS's) Aqua satellite enable improved global monitoring of the distribution of clouds. MODIS is ...

Jun Li; W. Paul Menzel; Fengying Sun; Timothy J. Schmit; James Gurka

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Icebergs in the clouds: the other risks of cloud computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing is appealing from management and efficiency perspectives, but brings risks both known and unknown. Well-known and hotly-debated information security risks, due to software vulnerabilities, insider attacks, and side-channels for example, ...

Bryan Ford

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Mixed phase clouds, cloud electrification and remote sensing.  

SciTech Connect

Most of hypothesis trying to explain charge separation in thunderstorm clouds require presence of ice and supercooled water. Thus the existence of ice or at least mixed phase regions near cloud tops should be a necessary (but not a sufficient) condition for development of lightning. We show that multispectral satellite based instruments, like the DOE MTI (Multispectral Thermal Imager) or NASA MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer), using the near infrared and visible spectral bands are able to distinguish between water, ice and mixed phase cloud regions. An analysis of the MTI images of mixed phase clouds - with spatial resolution of about 20 m - shows regions of pure water, pure ice as well as regions of water/ice mixtures. We suggest that multispectral satellite instruments may be useful for a short time forecast of lightning probabilities.

Chylek, P. (Petr); Borel, C. C. (Christoph C.); Klett, James

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

The Role of Cloud Top Entrainment in Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The entrainment process and its resultant effects on the microphysics and dynamics within cumuli are not yet clearly understood. This research was undertaken to discover the role which cloud top plays in the entrainment process and to determine ...

Joey F. Boatman; August H. Auer Jr.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Spatially Distributed Sensible Heat Flux over a Semiarid Watershed. Part II: Use of a Variable Resistance Approach with Radiometric Surface Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiometric surface temperature images from aircraft observations over the Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed, a semiarid rangeland watershed, were used with ground-based meteorological data at a reference site for extrapolating estimates of ...

William P. Kustas; Karen S. Humes

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Analysis of Radiosonde and Ground-Based Remotely Sensed PWV Data from the 2004 North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During 9 March–9 April 2004, the North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment was conducted at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program’s (ARM) “Great White” field site near Barrow, Alaska. The major goals of the experiment ...

V. Mattioli; E. R. Westwater; D. Cimini; J. C. Liljegren; B. M. Lesht; S. I. Gutman; F. J. Schmidlin

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Spatially Distributed Sensible Heat Flux over a Semiarid Watershed. Part I: Use of Radiometric Surface Temperatures and a Spatially Uniform Resistance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spatially distributed radiometric surface temperatures over a semiarid watershed were computed using remotely sensed data acquired with an aircraft-based multispectral scanner during the Monsoon ’90 Large Scale Field Experiment. The multispectral ...

K. S. Humes; W. P. Kustas; D. C. Goodrich

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Property  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 AUDIT REPORT PERSONAL PROPERTY AT THE OAK RIDGE OPERATIONS OFFICE AND THE OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF AUDIT SERVICES APRIL 1998 Page 10 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, DC 20585 April 6, 1998 MEMORANDUM FOR THE MANAGER, OAK RIDGE OPERATIONS OFFICE AND THE DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION FROM: Terry L. Brendlinger Eastern Regional Audit Office Office of Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Audit Report on "Personal Property at the Oak Ridge Operations Office and the Office of Scientific and Technical Information" BACKGROUND The Oak Ridge Operations Office (Operations Office) and the Office of Scientific and Technical Information

474

DOE Research and Development Accomplishments Tag Cloud  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Database Tag Cloud Database Tag Cloud This tag cloud is a specific type of weighted list that provides a quick look at the content of the DOE R&D Accomplishments database. It can be easily browsed because terms are in alphabetical order. With this tag cloud, there is a direct correlation between font size and quantity. The more times a term appears in the bibliographic citations, the larger the font size. This tag cloud is also interactive. Clicking on a term will activate a search for that term. Search results will then be received. absorption Accelerator Accelerators Acid Acids AEC air Alpha Analysis Angular Applications Applied Argonne Aspects atmospheric Atom Atomic atoms Background Basic Batteries Beam Beams Beta Biological Biology BNL Brookhaven Calculations Calvin Capture carbon Cells CH Change changes Chemical Chemistry CHLORINE climate Coal Collisions complex Complexes Compounds computed Computerized conditions Conservation Conversion Cosmic Cosmology Cross Crystal current cycle data Decay density design Detection detectors development Devices Diagnostic Diffraction Dioxide Discovery distribution DNA Effect Effects Efficiency Electric electricity Electromagnetic Electron Electrons Element elementary elements Emission Energy Environmental Equations even Exchange Experiment Experimental experiments Fermi field fields First Fission Fossil Free fuel fuels Fusion Future Gamma Gas Genome global greenhouse group Hadron Health heat Heating heavy high Historical history Human Hydrocarbons Hydrogen Imaging impacts important Information Institute Interaction Interactions International Invariance ion Ions Isotope Isotopes Kinetics large laser Lawrence LBL LBNL lepton level light Linear Lithium Livermore living LLNL long low Magnetic Mass material Materials mathematics Matter Measurement measurements Mechanics mechanism medical Medicine Mesons Metabolism Method methods Model Models Molecular Molecules momentum mu Nambu Neutral Neutrino Neutrinos Neutron neutrons Nuclear Nuclei Nucleon Odd Organic ORNL Oxides oxygen Particle Particles path PET Photosynthesis physical Physics pi Plants Plasma Plutonium Policy Polymers Positron Power problem processes production program Programs progress Properties Proton Protons Quantum Quark Radiation Radioactive Radioisotopes range Ratio ray Reaction Reactions Reactor Reactors Renewable report Research resolution Resonance results Review RTG scattering science Sciences scientific Seaborg Separation Solar Source Sources Space Spectra Spectroscopy spectrum Spin Stability state States storage Strong Structure Studies study supernovae symmetry Symposium Synthesis system Systems Tau technical Techniques technologies Technology Teller Temperature theoretical Theories Theory Therapy Thermal Thermoelectric Thin Time Tomography Top Tracer Transfer Transport type types Upton Uranium uses Velocity Water Weak Wigner yields

475

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Warm Pool Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment General Description The Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) was a collaborative effort led by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Beginning January 21 and ending February 14, 2006, the experiment was conducted in the region near the ARM Climate Research Facility in Darwin, Northern Australia. This permanent facility is fully equipped with sophisticated instruments for measuring cloud and other atmospheric properties to provide a long-term record of continuous observational data. Measurements obtained from the other experiment components (explained below) will complement this dataset to provide a detailed description of the tropical atmosphere.

476

ARM - Field Campaign - MASRAD: Cloud Condensate Nuclei Chemistry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsMASRAD: Cloud Condensate Nuclei Chemistry Measurements govCampaignsMASRAD: Cloud Condensate Nuclei Chemistry Measurements Campaign Links AMF Point Reyes Website Related Campaigns MArine Stratus Radiation Aerosol and Drizzle (MASRAD) IOP 2005.03.14, Miller, AMF Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : MASRAD: Cloud Condensate Nuclei Chemistry Measurements 2005.07.01 - 2005.07.30 Lead Scientist : Carl Berkowitz For data sets, see below. Description Principal Investigators: J. Ogren, C. Berkowitz, R. Halthore, A. Laskin, A. Strawa, J. Wang, A. Wexler As part of the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) deployment to Point Reyes, CA in the spring and summer of 2005, a suite of instrumentation was installed to measure the chemical, physical and optical properties of aerosol particles

477

Millimeter Wave Cloud Radar (MMCR) Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The millimeter cloud radar (MMCR) systems probe the extent and composition of clouds at millimeter wavelengths. The MMCR is a zenith-pointing radar that operates at a frequency of 35 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., cloud bottoms and tops). This radar will also report radar reflectivity (dBZ) of the atmosphere up to 20 km. The radar possesses a doppler capability that will allow the measurement of cloud constituent vertical velocities.

KB Widener; K Johnson

2005-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

478

Onboard Real-Time Absolute Radiometric Calibration for Thermal Infrared Channels of Chinese Geostationary Meteorological Satellites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forty-one cloud-free images of Qinghai Lake (QHL) in China and the corresponding digital numbers (DNs) of FengYun-2C (FY-2C) at 0000, 0600, 1200, and 1800 UTC from 1 July to 30 September 2005 are analyzed. The corresponding surface water ...

Jinjun Tong; Stephen J. Déry; Bo Hu; Yun Chen; Changjun Yang; Zhiguo Rong

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

From the warm magnetized atomic medium to molecular clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

{It has recently been proposed that giant molecular complexes form at the sites where streams of diffuse warm atomic gas collide at transonic velocities.} {We study the global statistics of molecular clouds formed by large scale colliding flows of warm neutral atomic interstellar gas under ideal MHD conditions. The flows deliver material as well as kinetic energy and trigger thermal instability leading eventually to gravitational collapse.} {We perform adaptive mesh refinement MHD simulations which, for the first time in this context, treat self-consistently cooling and self-gravity.} {The clouds formed in the simulations develop a highly inhomogeneous density and temperature structure, with cold dense filaments and clumps condensing from converging flows of warm atomic gas. In the clouds, the column density probability density distribution (PDF) peaks at $\\sim 2 \\times 10^{21} \\psc$ and decays rapidly at higher values; the magnetic intensity correlates weakly with density from $n \\sim 0.1$ to $10^4 \\pcc$, and then varies roughly as $n^{1/2}$ for higher densities.} {The global statistical properties of such molecular clouds are reasonably consistent with observational determinations. Our numerical simulations suggest that molecular clouds formed by the moderately supersonic collision of warm atomic gas streams.}

P. Hennebelle; R. Banerjee; E. Vazquez-Semadeni; R. Klessen; E. Audit

2008-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

480

Comparison of an Experimental NOAA AVHRR Cloud Dataset with Other Observed and Forecast Cloud Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CLAVR [cloud from AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer)] is a global cloud dataset under development at NOAA/NESDIS (National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service). Total cloud amount from two experimental cases, 9 ...

Yu-Tai Hou; Kenneth A. Campana; Kenneth E. Mitchell; Shi-Keng Yang; Larry L. Stowe

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiometric cloud properties" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Biogeography of Tropical Montane Cloud Forests. Part II: Mapping of Orographic Cloud Immersion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study details two unique methods to quantify cloud-immersion statistics for tropical montane cloud forests (TMCFs). The first technique uses a new algorithm for determining cloud-base height using Moderate Resolution Imaging ...

Udaysankar S. Nair; Salvi Asefi; Ronald M. Welch; D. K. Ray; Robert O. Lawton; Vani Starry Manoharan; Mark Mulligan; Tom L. Sever; Daniel Irwin; J. Alan Pounds

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Cloud-Resolving Simulation of Low-Cloud Feedback to an Increase in Sea Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the physical mechanisms of the low cloud feedback through cloud-resolving simulations of cloud-radiative equilibrium response to an increase in sea surface temperature (SST). Six pairs of perturbed and control simulations ...

Kuan-Man Xu; Anning Cheng; Minghua Zhang

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Aircraft Microphysical Documentation from Cloud Base to Anvils of Hailstorm Feeder Clouds in Argentina  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Documentation during January and February 2000 of the structure of severe convective storms in Mendoza, Argentina, with a cloud-physics jet aircraft penetrating the major feeder clouds from cloud base to the ?45°C isotherm level is reported. ...

Daniel Rosenfeld; William L. Woodley; Terrence W. Krauss; Viktor Makitov

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Biogeography of Tropical Montane Cloud Forests. Part I: Remote Sensing of Cloud-Base Heights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-base heights over tropical montane cloud forests are determined using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) cloud products and National Centers for Environmental Prediction global tropospheric final analysis (FNL) fields. ...

Ronald M. Welch; Salvi Asefi; Jian Zeng; Udaysankar S. Nair; Qingyuan Han; Robert O. Lawton; Deepak K. Ray; Vani Starry Manoharan

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

The Experimental Cloud Lidar Pilot Study (ECLIPS) for Cloud—Radiation Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Experimental Cloud Lidar Pilot Study (ECLIPS) was initiated to obtain statistics on cloud-base height, extinction, optical depth, cloud brokenness, and surface fluxes. Two observational phases have taken place, in October-December 1989 and ...

C. M. Platt; S. A. Young; A. I. Carswell; S. R. Pal; M. P. McCormick; D. M. Winker; M. DelGuasta; L. Stefanutti; W. L. Eberhard; M. Hardesty; P. H. Flamant; R. Valentin; B. Forgan; G. G. Gimmestad; H. Jäger; S. S. Khmelevtsov; I. Kolev; B. Kaprieolev; Da-ren Lu; K. Sassen; V. S. Shamanaev; O. Uchino; Y. Mizuno; U. Wandinger; C. Weitkamp; A. Ansmann; C. Wooldridge

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Estimation of Cloud Physical Parameters from Airborne Solar Spectral Reflectance Measurements for Stratocumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method is proposed to retrieve various cloud physical parameters of water clouds from the solar-flux reflectances at four wavelengths measured by using the airborne Multi-channel Cloud Pyranometer (MCP) system. The MCP system was designed ...

Shoji Asano; Masataka Shiobara; Akihiro Uchiyama

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Arctic Cloud Characteristics as Derived from MODIS, CALIPSO, and CloudSat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Cloud–Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP), and CloudSat Cloud Profiling Radar (CPR) set of sensors, all in the Afternoon Constellation (A-Train), has been regarded as among ...

Mark Aaron Chan; Josefino C. Comiso

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Kinetics of Cloud Drop Formation and Its Parameterization for Cloud and Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To study the kinetics of drop nucleation in clouds, the integro–differential equation for integral water supersaturation in cloud is derived and analyzed. Solving the supersaturation equation with an algebraic form of the cloud condensation ...

Vitaly I. Khvorostyanov; Judith A. Curry

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Observed Relationships between Arctic Longwave Cloud Forcing and Cloud Parameters Using a Neural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A neural network technique is used to quantify relationships involved in cloud–radiation feedbacks based on observations from the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic (SHEBA) project. Sensitivities of longwave cloud forcing (CFL) to cloud parameters ...

Yonghua Chen; Filipe Aires; Jennifer A. Francis; James R. Miller

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

ARM - Field Campaign - Cloud IOP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsCloud IOP govCampaignsCloud IOP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Cloud IOP 1998.04.27 - 1998.05.17 Lead Scientist : Gerald Mace For data sets, see below. Summary Monday, April 27, 1998 IOP Opening Activities: Heavy rain (nearly 2.5" since 12Z 4/26/98) at the central facility (CF) dominated the first day of the Cloud Physics/Single Column Model IOP and limited the daily activities. A 1430 GMT sonde launch commenced the 3-hour sonde launch schedule at the CF and 4 boundary facilities (BFs). Scientists/Instrumentation on Site: Citation: Has arrived and is located at the Ponca City Airport. No flights are currently planned. Flights are tentatively planned for stratus sampling when precipitation ends.

491

Clouds, Aerosols and Precipitation in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Marine Boundary Layer (CAP-MBL) Graciosa Island, Azores, NE Atlantic Ocean Graciosa Island, Azores, NE Atlantic Ocean May 2009-December 2010 May 2009-December 2010 Rob Wood, University of Washington Rob Wood, University of Washington AMF Deployment Team Thanks to Mark Miller: AMF Site Scientist Mark Miller: AMF Site Scientist Kim Nitschke: AMF Site Manager CAP-MBL Proposal Team Importance of Low-Clouds for Climate Imperative that we understand the processes controlling the formation, maintenance and dissipation of low clouds in order to formation, maintenance and dissipation of low clouds in order to improve their representation in climate models. Which clouds matter for climate sensitivity? Cli t F db k

492

NIST Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in this clause is a natural extension to the ... which take advantage of the homogeneity and power of cloud ... such as WS-I) and grid standards (such as ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

493

Fractal Statistics of Cloud Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS) and Thematic Mapper (TM) data, with 80 and 30 m spatial resolution, respectively, have been employed to study the spatial structure of boundary-layer and intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) clouds. The ...

Robert F. Cahalan; Joachim H. Joseph

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Cloud Cover and Climate Sensitivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study discusses how the sensitivity of climate may be affected by the variation of cloud cover based on the results from numerical experiments with a highly simplified, three-dimensional model of the atmospheric general circulation. The ...

Richard T. Wetherald; Syukuro Manabe

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Breaking the Cloud Parameterization Deadlock  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A key factor limiting the reliability of simulations of anthropogenic climate change is the inability to accurately represent the various effects of clouds on climate. Despite the best efforts of the community, the problem has resisted solution ...

David Randall; Marat Khairoutdinov; Akio Arakawa; Wojciech Grabowski

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

The Hercules-Aquila Cloud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present evidence for a substantial overdensity of stars in the direction of the constellations of Hercules and Aquila. The Cloud is centered at a Galactic longitude of about 40 degrees and extends above and below the Galactic plane by at least 50 degrees. Given its off-centeredness and height, it is unlikely that the Hercules-Aquila Cloud is related to the bulge or thick disk. More likely, this is a new structural component of the Galaxy that passes through the disk. The Cloud stretches about 80 degrees in longitude. Its heliocentric distance lies between 10 and 20 kpc so that the extent of the Cloud in projection is roughly 20 kpc by 15 kpc. It has an absolute magnitude of -13 and its stellar population appears to be comparable to, but somewhat more metal-rich than, M92.

Belokurov, V; Bell, E F; Irwin, M J; Hewett, P C; Koposov, S; Rockosi, C M; Gilmore, G; Zucker, D B; Fellhauer, M; Wilkinson, M I; Bramich, D M; Vidrih, S; Rix, H W; Beers, T C; Schneider, D P; Barentine, J C; Brewington, H; Brinkmann, J; Harvanek, M; Krzesínski, J; Long, D; Pan, K; Snedden, S A; Malanushenko, O; Malanushenko, V

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

The Hercules-Aquila Cloud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present evidence for a substantial overdensity of stars in the direction of the constellations of Hercules and Aquila. The Cloud is centered at a Galactic longitude of about 40 degrees and extends above and below the Galactic plane by at least 50 degrees. Given its off-centeredness and height, it is unlikely that the Hercules-Aquila Cloud is related to the bulge or thick disk. More likely, this is a new structural component of the Galaxy that passes through the disk. The Cloud stretches about 80 degrees in longitude. Its heliocentric distance lies between 10 and 20 kpc so that the extent of the Cloud in projection is roughly 20 kpc by 15 kpc. It has an absolute magnitude of -13 and its stellar population appears to be comparable to, but somewhat more metal-rich than, M92.

V. Belokurov; N. W. Evans; E. F. Bell; M. J. Irwin; P. C. Hewett; S. Koposov; C. M. Rockosi; G. Gilmore; D. B. Zucker; M. Fellhauer; M. I. Wilkinson; D. M. Bramich; S. Vidrih; H. -W. Rix; T. C. Beers; D. P. Schneider; J. C. Barentine; H. Brewington; J. Brinkmann; M. Harvanek; J. Krzesinski; D. Long; K. Pan; S. A. Snedden; O. Malanushenko; V. Malanushenko

2007-01-27T23:59:59.000Z