National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for radiation epa limiting

  1. October 13, 2015 Webinar - EPA Radiation Risk Assessment Approach |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy 3, 2015 Webinar - EPA Radiation Risk Assessment Approach October 13, 2015 Webinar - EPA Radiation Risk Assessment Approach Performance & RIsk Assessment (P&RA) Community of Practice (CoP) Webinar - October 13, 2015 - EPA Radiation Risk Assessment Approach by Mr. Stuart Walker, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2-3 pm Eastern Time. Agenda - October 13, 2015 - P&RA CoP Webinar (284.55 KB) Presentation - U.S. EPA Superfund Remedial Program's Approach for

  2. JOINT EPA/DOE STATEMENT: Radiation Monitors Confirm That No Radiation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Levels of Concern Have Reached the United States | Department of Energy JOINT EPA/DOE STATEMENT: Radiation Monitors Confirm That No Radiation Levels of Concern Have Reached the United States JOINT EPA/DOE STATEMENT: Radiation Monitors Confirm That No Radiation Levels of Concern Have Reached the United States March 18, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - The United States Government has an extensive network of radiation monitors around the country and no radiation levels of concern have been

  3. JOINT EPA/DOE STATEMENT: Radiation Monitors Confirm That No Radiation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    JOINT EPADOE STATEMENT: Radiation Monitors Confirm That No Radiation Levels of Concern Have Reached the United States JOINT EPADOE STATEMENT: Radiation Monitors Confirm That No ...

  4. Evaluation of the WIPP Project`s compliance with the EPA radiation protection standards for disposal of transuranic waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neill, R.H.; Chaturvedi, L.; Rucker, D.F.; Silva, M.K.; Walker, B.A.; Channell, J.K.; Clemo, T.M. |

    1998-03-01

    The US Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA) proposed rule to certify that the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) meets compliance with the long-term radiation protection standards for geologic repositories (40CFR191 Subparts B and C), is one of the most significant milestones to date for the WIPP project in particular, and for the nuclear waste issue in general. The Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) has provided an independent technical oversight for the WIPP project since 1978, and is responsible for many improvements in the location, design, and testing of various aspects of the project, including participation in the development of the EPA standards since the early 1980s. The EEG reviewed the development of documentation for assessing the WIPP`s compliance by the Sandia National Laboratories following the 1985 promulgation by EPA, and provided many written and verbal comments on various aspects of this effort, culminating in the overall review of the 1992 performance assessment. For the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) compliance certification application (CCA), the EEG provided detailed comments on the draft CCA in March, 1996, and additional comments through unpublished letters in 1997 (included as Appendices 8.1 and 8.2 in this report). Since the October 30, 1997, publication of the EPA`s proposed rule to certify WIPP, the EEG gave presentations on important issues to the EPA on December 10, 1997, and sent a December 31, 1997 letter with attachments to clarify those issues (Appendix 8.3). The EEG has raised a number of questions that may have an impact on compliance. In spite of the best efforts by the EEG, the EPA reaction to reviews and suggestions has been slow and apparently driven by legal considerations. This report discusses in detail the questions that have been raised about containment requirements. Also discussed are assurance requirements, groundwater protection, individual protection, and an evaluation of EPA`s responses to EEG`s comments.

  5. Environmental radiation standards and risk limitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kocher, D.C.

    1987-01-01

    The Environmental Protection Agency and Nuclear Regulatory Commission have established environmental radiation standards for specific practices which correspond to limits on risk to the public that vary by several orders of magnitude and often are much less than radiation risks that are essentially unregulated, e.g., risks from radon in homes. This paper discusses a proposed framework for environmental radiation standards that would improve the correspondence with limitation of risk. This framework includes the use of limits on annual effective dose equivalent averaged over a lifetime, rather than limits on dose equivalent to whole body or any organ for each year of exposure, and consideration of exposures of younger age groups as well as adults; limits on annual effective dose equivalent averaged over a lifetime no lower than 0.25 mSv (25 mrem) per practice; maintenance of all exposures as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA); and establishment of a generally applicable de minimis dose for public exposures. Implications of the proposed regulatory framework for the current system of standards for limiting public exposures are discussed. 20 refs.

  6. ARM: Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Shi, Yan; Riihimaki, Laura

    1994-01-07

    Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits

  7. EPA_03-07-2012

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EPA_03-07-2012

  8. United States Environmental Monitoring EPA

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    United States Environmental Monitoring EPA 600/R-93/141 Environmental Protection Systems Laboratory January 1992 Agency P.O. Box 93478 Las Vegas NV 89193-3478 Research and Development _EPA Offsite Environmental Monitoring Report: Radiation Monitoring Around United States Nuclear Test Areas, Calendar Year 1991 Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientificand Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak ridge,TN 39831; pricesavailablefrom (615) 576-8401 Availableto the publicfrom

  9. EPA`s risk assessment guidelines: Overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patton, D.E.

    1990-12-31

    The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) risk assessment guidelines for cancer, quantification, and exposure issues are discussed.

  10. Tribal/EPA Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is hosting their annual Tribal/EPA Conference featuring tribal leader roundtables, keynote speakers, and breakout sessions and workshops covering...

  11. EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2004. The Integrated Environmental Strategies Handbook. EPA430-B-04-006. Washington, DC. Office of Air and Radiation.2 "The IES program promotes integrated planning to...

  12. EPA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Logo: United States Environmental Protection Agency Name: United States Environmental Protection Agency Abbreviation: EPA Address: Ariel Rios Building...

  13. EPA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to environmental protection. 2000s - Mercury emissions, visibility rules further improve air quality. EPA responds to 911. Clean diesel engines cut emissions from trucks,...

  14. Transport simulations of a density limit in radiation-dominated tokamak discharges: II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stotler, D.P.

    1991-05-01

    The procedures developed previously to simulate the radiatively induced tokamak density limit are used to examine in more detail the scaling of the density limit. It is found that the maximum allowable density increases with auxiliary power and decreases with impurity concentration. However, it is demonstrated that there is little dependence of the density limit on plasma elongation. These trends are consistent with experimental results. Our previous work used coronal equilibrium impurities; the primary result of that paper was that the maximum density increases with current when peaked profiles are assumed. Here, this behavior is shown to occur with a coronal nonequilibrium impurity as well. 26 refs., 4 figs.

  15. EPA - Ground Water Discharges (EPA's Underground Injection Control...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ground Water Discharges (EPA's Underground Injection Control Program) webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA - Ground Water...

  16. Physics of Radiation-driven Islands Near the Tokamak Density Limit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.A. Gates, L. Delgado-Apricio and R.B. White

    2013-01-10

    In previous work [1], the onset criterion for radiation driven islands [2] in combination with a simple cylindrical model of tokamak current channel behavior was shown to be consistent with the empirical scaling of the tokamak density limit [3]. A number of the unexplained phenomena at the density limit are consistent with this novel physics mechanism. In this work, a more formal theoretical underpinning, consistent with cylindrical tearing mode theory, is developed for the onset criteria of these modes. The appropriate derivation of the radiation-driven addition to the modified Rutherford equation is discussed. Additionally, the ordering of the terms in the MRE is examined in a regime near the density limit. It is hoped that given the apparent success of this simple model in explaining the observed global scalings will lead to a more comprehensive analysis of the possibility that radiation driven islands are the physics mechanism responsible for the density limit. In particular, with modern diagnostic capabilities detailed measurements of current densities, electron densities and impurity concentrations at rational surfaces should be possible, enabling verification of the concepts described above.

  17. EPA Clean Power Plan Seminar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is hosting an informational seminar addressing the opportunities and challenges presented by EPA's Clean Power Plan.

  18. EPA Green Power Leadership Awards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Green Power Leadership Awards recognize exceptional achievement among EPA Green Power Partners and among green power suppliers.

  19. Limiter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cohen, S.A.; Hosea, J.C.; Timberlake, J.R.

    1984-10-19

    A limiter with a specially contoured front face is provided. The front face of the limiter (the plasma-side face) is flat with a central indentation. In addition, the limiter shape is cylindrically symmetric so that the limiter can be rotated for greater heat distribution. This limiter shape accommodates the various power scrape-off distances lambda p, which depend on the parallel velocity, V/sub parallel/, of the impacting particles.

  20. Asymptotic diffusion limit of cell temperature discretisation schemes for thermal radiation transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smedley-Stevenson, Richard P.; McClarren, Ryan G.

    2015-04-01

    This paper attempts to unify the asymptotic diffusion limit analysis of thermal radiation transport schemes, for a linear-discontinuous representation of the material temperature reconstructed from cell centred temperature unknowns, in a process known as ‘source tilting’. The asymptotic limits of both Monte Carlo (continuous in space) and deterministic approaches (based on linear-discontinuous finite elements) for solving the transport equation are investigated in slab geometry. The resulting discrete diffusion equations are found to have nonphysical terms that are proportional to any cell-edge discontinuity in the temperature representation. Based on this analysis it is possible to design accurate schemes for representing the material temperature, for coupling thermal radiation transport codes to a cell centred representation of internal energy favoured by ALE (arbitrary Lagrange–Eulerian) hydrodynamics schemes.

  1. THE GENERAL RELATIVISTIC EQUATIONS OF RADIATION HYDRODYNAMICS IN THE VISCOUS LIMIT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coughlin, Eric R.; Begelman, Mitchell C. E-mail: mitch@jila.colorado.edu

    2014-12-20

    We present an analysis of the general relativistic Boltzmann equation for radiation, appropriate to the case where particles and photons interact through Thomson scattering, and derive the radiation energy-momentum tensor in the diffusion limit with viscous terms included. Contrary to relativistic generalizations of the viscous stress tensor that appear in the literature, we find that the stress tensor should contain a correction to the comoving energy density proportional to the divergence of the four-velocity, as well as a finite bulk viscosity. These modifications are consistent with the framework of radiation hydrodynamics in the limit of large optical depth, and do not depend on thermodynamic arguments such as the assignment of a temperature to the zeroth-order photon distribution. We perform a perturbation analysis on our equations and demonstrate that as long as the wave numbers do not probe scales smaller than the mean free path of the radiation, the viscosity contributes only decaying, i.e., stable, corrections to the dispersion relations. The astrophysical applications of our equations, including jets launched from super-Eddington tidal disruption events and those from collapsars, are discussed and will be considered further in future papers.

  2. Limiter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cohen, Samuel A.; Hosea, Joel C.; Timberlake, John R.

    1986-01-01

    A limiter with a specially contoured front face accommodates the various power scrape-off distances .lambda..sub.p, which depend on the parallel velocity, V.sub..parallel., of the impacting particles. The front face of the limiter (the plasma-side face) is flat with a central indentation. In addition, the limiter shape is cylindrically symmetric so that the limiter can be rotated for greater heat distribution.

  3. EPA`s program for risk assessment guidelines: Quantification issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dourson, M.L.

    1990-12-31

    The quantitative procedures associated with noncancer risk assessment include reference dose (RfD), benchmark dose, and severity modeling. The RfD, which is part of the EPA risk assessment guidelines, is an estimation of a level that is likely to be without any health risk to sensitive individuals. The RfD requires two major judgments: the first is choice of a critical effect(s) and its No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL); the second judgment is choice of an uncertainty factor. This paper discusses major assumptions and limitations of the RfD model.

  4. Miscellaneous EPA Submittals

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EPA Individual Permit: Miscellaneous EPA Submittals An abundance of Individual Permit documents, from implementation to reporting, is available to the public. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email Force Majeure SMA Site Submittal Date Document ACID-SMA-2 01-002(b)-00 June 6, 2016 NPDES Permit No. NM0030759 - Update on Certificate of Completion for Site 01-002(b)-00 Monitored within ACID-SMA-2 and ACID-SMA-2.1

  5. EPA Climate Leadership Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in collaboration with the Association of Climate Change Officers (ACCO), Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES), and the Climate Registry, is hosting the Climate Leadership Conference in Washington, D.C., on Feb. 23-25, 2015.

  6. WIPP Documents - EPA Certification

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EPA Certification Compliance Certification Application DOE's 72,000-page application submitted to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency showing how WIPP meets all applicable federal transuranic radioactive waste standards. (Click on CCA -1996) Compliance Recertification Application - 2004 The recertification application showing how WIPP continues to meet all applicable federal transuranic radioactive waste standards. Compliance Recertification Application - 2009 The recertification

  7. Guidance on Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Environmental Review Process (EPA, 1993) Guidance on Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy into the Environmental Review Process (EPA, 1993) The guidance discusses ...

  8. EPA's groundwater protection strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, J. )

    1992-06-01

    What the EPA, working jointly with the states, hopes to accomplish over the next ten years in order to integrate and coordinate all the groundwater programs within the agency is discussed. Although many other EPA programs such as Superfund, Clean Air Act, and Wetlands Management are often highlighted in the media, EPA does not down rate the importance of groundwater protection. Indeed as a resource, it is one of the most important commodities. Groundwater is the basis for life in this country. Recharge rates are no where near what the withdrawal rates are in many areas of the country. Twenty-five percent of all the potable water comes from groundwater. Groundwater supplies 50 percent of the needs for all the US population. If you include strictly rural areas, it supplies 95 percent of all the use. Something that most people who are not groundwater hydrologists would not think about is the fact that groundwater is a recharge mechanism that provides over 30 percent of the flow in streams and major rivers.

  9. EPA Redesigns Conversion Certification Policies

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    EPA Redesigns Conversion Certification Policies At a recent meeting held in Washington, DC, officials from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) opened dialogue about proposed changes to its emission certification policies that affect alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). "We are trying to accommo- date the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) and Executive Order requirements while trying to change enforce- ment policies and guidance with respect to conversions," said Rich Ackerman of EPA's

  10. Frequently Asked Questions on Filing EISs with EPA's Office of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Frequently Asked Questions on Filing EISs with EPA's Office of Federal Activities (EPA, 1994) Frequently Asked Questions on Filing EISs with EPA's Office of Federal Activities (EPA, ...

  11. Electronic Submittal of Environmental Impact Statements to EPA (EPA, 2012)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    e-NEPA is EPA’s tool for submitting EIS documents electronically. The system meets EPA's requirements for EIS filing, and eliminates the need to mail hard copies of EISs to EPA. As before, to have your agency’s EIS appear in EPA’s Federal Register Notice of Availability, submit by 5:00 pm Eastern Standard Time on the prior Friday.

  12. EPA SPCC webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SPCC webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA SPCC webpage Abstract This website provides information regarding EPA's Spill...

  13. EPA Diesel Update | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Diesel Update 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters PDF icon 2005deercharmley.pdf More Documents & Publications EPA Mobile Source ...

  14. EPA -- Addressing Children's Health through Reviews Conducted...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA -- Addressing Children's Health through Reviews Conducted Pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act and Section 309 of the Clean Air Act EPA -- Addressing Children's ...

  15. Effects of radiation and compression on propagating spherical flames of methane/air mixtures near the lean flammability limit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Zheng [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, Department of Mechanics and Aerospace Engineering, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2010-12-15

    Large discrepancies between the laminar flame speeds and Markstein lengths measured in experiments and those predicted by simulations for ultra-lean methane/air mixtures bring a great concern for kinetic mechanism validation. In order to quantitatively explain these discrepancies, a computational study is performed for propagating spherical flames of lean methane/air mixtures in different spherical chambers using different radiation models. The emphasis is focused on the effects of radiation and compression. It is found that the spherical flame propagation speed is greatly reduced by the coupling between thermal effect (change of flame temperature or unburned gas temperature) and flow effect (inward flow of burned gas) induced by radiation and/or compression. As a result, for methane/air mixtures near the lean flammability limit, the radiation and compression cause large amounts of under-prediction of the laminar flame speeds and Markstein lengths extracted from propagating spherical flames. Since radiation and compression both exist in the experiments on ultra-lean methane/air mixtures reported in the literature, the measured laminar flame speeds and Markstein lengths are much lower than results from simulation and thus cannot be used for kinetic mechanism validation. (author)

  16. Historical - Submitting Environmental Impact Statements (EPA, 2011) |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Historical - Submitting Environmental Impact Statements (EPA, 2011) Historical - Submitting Environmental Impact Statements (EPA, 2011) Guidance from the Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Federal Activities on the filing of EISs. Submitting Environmental Impact Statements (41.64 KB) More Documents & Publications Partially Superceded - Frequently Asked Questions on Filing EISs with EPA's Office of Federal Activities (EPA, 1994) EIS-0470: EPA Amended Notice

  17. THERMAL AND RADIATIVE ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS FEEDBACK HAVE A LIMITED IMPACT ON STAR FORMATION IN HIGH-REDSHIFT GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roos, Orianne; Juneau, Stéphanie; Bournaud, Frédéric; Gabor, Jared M.

    2015-02-10

    The effects of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) on their host galaxies depend on the coupling between the injected energy and the interstellar medium (ISM). Here, we model and quantify the impact of long-range AGN ionizing radiation—in addition to the often considered small-scale energy deposition—on the physical state of the multi-phase ISM of the host galaxy and on its total star formation rate (SFR). We formulate an AGN spectral energy distribution matched with observations, which we use with the radiative transfer (RT) code Cloudy to compute AGN ionization in a simulated high-redshift disk galaxy. We use a high-resolution (∼6 pc) simulation including standard thermal AGN feedback and calculate RT in post-processing. Surprisingly, while these models produce significant AGN-driven outflows, we find that AGN ionizing radiation and heating reduce the SFR by a few percent at most for a quasar luminosity (L {sub bol} = 10{sup 46.5} erg s{sup –1}). Although the circumgalactic gaseous halo can be kept almost entirely ionized by the AGN, most star-forming clouds (n ≳ 10{sup 2} {sup –} {sup 3} cm{sup –3}) and even the reservoirs of cool atomic gas (n ∼ 0.3-10 cm{sup –3})—which are the sites of future star formation (SF; 100-200 Myr), are generally too dense to be significantly affected. Our analysis ignores any absorption from a putative torus, making our results upper limits on the effects of ionizing radiation. Therefore, while the AGN-driven outflows can remove substantial amounts of gas in the long term, the impact of AGN feedback on the SF efficiency in the interstellar gas in high-redshift galaxies is marginal, even when long-range radiative effects are accounted for.

  18. 23rd Annual Tribal/EPA Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is hosting their annual Tribal/EPA Conference featuring tribal leader roundtables, keynote speakers, and breakout sessions and workshops covering renewable energy and climate change.

  19. EPA ENERGY STAR Webcast: Portfolio Manager 101

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Join us as we introduce and demonstrate the core functionality of EPAs new ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager tool. Attendees will learn how to: navigate the new Portfolio Manager; add a property and...

  20. EPA State Manifest Requirements | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: EPA State Manifest RequirementsLegal Abstract Provided by the EPA, this website provides...

  1. EPA ENERGY STAR Webcast: Portfolio Manager 201

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Continue to learn about EPAs new ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager tool, with a deeper dive into more advanced functionalities such as: managing and tracking changes to your property uses over time;...

  2. EPA -- Electronic Submittal of Environmental Impact Statements...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    copies of EISs to EPA. As before, to have your agency's EIS appear in EPA's Federal Register Notice of Availability, submit by 5:00 pm Eastern Standard Time on the prior Friday. ...

  3. EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies (Redirected from Mexico-EPA Integrated Environmental Strategy) Jump to: navigation, search Name EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies...

  4. EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies (Redirected from Philippines-EPA Integrated Environmental Strategy) Jump to: navigation, search Name EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies...

  5. EPA's Recent Advance Notice on Greenhouse Gases | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA's Recent Advance Notice on Greenhouse Gases EPA's Recent Advance Notice on Greenhouse Gases Summary EPA's advanced notice of proposed rulemaking on mobile sources of greenhouse ...

  6. An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Howells, M. R.; Beetz, T.; Chapman, H. N.; Cui, C.; Holton, J. M.; Jacobsen, C. J.; Kirz, J.; Lima, E.; Marchesini, S.; Miao, H.; et al

    2008-11-17

    X-ray diffraction microscopy (XDM) is a new form of x-ray imaging that is being practiced at several third-generation synchrotron-radiation x-ray facilities. Nine years have elapsed since the technique was first introduced and it has made rapid progress in demonstrating high-resolution three-dimensional imaging and promises few-nm resolution with much larger samples than can be imaged in the transmission electron microscope. Both life- and materials-science applications of XDM are intended, and it is expected that the principal limitation to resolution will be radiation damage for life science and the coherent power of available x-ray sources for material science. In this paper wemore » address the question of the role of radiation damage. We use a statistical analysis based on the so-called "dose fractionation theorem" of Hegerl and Hoppe to calculate the dose needed to make an image of a single life-science sample by XDM with a given resolution. We find that for simply-shaped objects the needed dose scales with the inverse fourth power of the resolution and present experimental evidence to support this finding. To determine the maximum tolerable dose we have assembled a number of data taken from the literature plus some measurements of our own which cover ranges of resolution that are not well covered otherwise. The conclusion of this study is that, based on the natural contrast between protein and water and "Rose-criterion" image quality, one should be able to image a frozen-hydrated biological sample using XDM at a resolution of about 10 nm.« less

  7. OHIO E.P.A.

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    OHIO E.P.A. JUL 16 zm2 BEFORE THE OHIO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY dHEi(Eu DihECTOfrs JOURNAL In the Matter of United StatesD~artment of Energy Portsmouth/Paducah Project Office 1017 Majestic Drive, Suite 200 lexington, Kentucky 40513 Respondent For the Site Known As: The DOE Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (Decontamination And Decommissioning Project) Director's Final Findings and Orders - Second Modification of April 13, 2010 Director's Final Findings and Orders for Removal Action and

  8. Recent EPA pollution prevention initiatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bryant, C. )

    1993-01-01

    Today's rapidly developing and changing technologies and industrial practices frequently carry with them the increased generation of wastes and materials which, if improperly managed, may threaten public health and the environment. The US Environmental Protection Agency is charged with the mission of protecting public health and the environment from the hazards posed by these wastes and materials. As part of its effort to achieve this mandate, it has recently adopted a Pollution Prevention Program. Among other things, the program encourages the development and adoption of processing technologies and products that will lead to reducing the aggregate generation rates for pollutants entering the environment. This paper will address EPA's efforts under its Pollution Prevention Program. The paper will address regulatory and non-regulatory action EPA has taken pursuant to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act, the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990, and other Federal statutes. In addition, the paper will present case studies in pollution prevention.

  9. EPA Regulation Compliance | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Regulation Compliance EPA Regulation Compliance OE offers technical assistance on implementing the new and pending EPA air rules affecting the electric utility industry. Examples of typical assistance include technical information on cost and performance of the various power plant pollution retrofit control technologies; technical information on generation, demand-side or transmission alternatives for any replacement power needed for retiring generating units; and assistance to regulators

  10. Microsoft Word - DOE Initiates EPA Recertificaton Process

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DOE Initiates EPA Recertification Process CARLSBAD, N.M., March 24, 2009 - Ten years after the start of disposal operations, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) will demonstrate its continued compliance with U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations for radioactive waste disposal. Today, DOE submitted its second Compliance Recertification Application (CRA) to EPA, initiating a recertification process required by Congress. "This application is

  11. EPA Native Science and Environmental Health Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is hosting a webinar on the complex environmental issues facing many tribal and indigenous communities.

  12. EPA Launches 2014 National Building Competition

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Let the battle begin! The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in mid-July launched the 2014 National Building Competition.

  13. EPA NONROAD Model | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: EPA NONROAD Model AgencyCompany Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation, Agriculture...

  14. EPA - UIC Well Classifications | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Well Classifications Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA - UIC Well Classifications Author Environmental Protection Agency Published...

  15. EPA - Environmental Justice webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Justice webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA - Environmental Justice webpage Abstract This webpage provides an overview of...

  16. EPA's Brownfields Application Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Application Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA's Brownfields Application Website Abstract This website provides information...

  17. EPA Regulations Overview Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Overview Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA Regulations Overview Website Abstract This website contains information about...

  18. EPA Environmental Finance Center Grant Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is accepting applications to provide multimedia environmental finance expertise and outreach to regulated communities to help them meet environmental requirements.

  19. Memorandum of Understanding Between U.S. EPA Superfund and U.S. NRC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, Stuart

    2008-01-15

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation (OSRTI) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) are responsible for implementing the 'Memorandum of Understanding Between the Environmental Protection Agency and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission: Consultation and Finality on Decommissioning and Decontamination of Contaminated Sites'. This paper provides a brief overview of the origin of the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), the major features of the MOU, and how the MOU has been implemented site specifically. EPA and NRC developed the MOU in response to direction from the House Committee on Appropriations to EPA and NRC to work together to address the potential for dual regulation. The MOU was signed by EPA on September 30, 2002 and NRC on October 9, 2002. The two agencies had worked on the MOU since March 2000. While both EPA and NRC have statutory authority to clean up these sites, the MOU provides consultation procedures between EPA and NRC to eliminate dual regulation. Under the MOU, EPA and NRC identified the interactions of the two agencies for the decommissioning and decontamination of NRC-licensed sites and the ways in which those responsibilities will be exercised. Except for Section VI, which addresses corrective action under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), this MOU is limited to the coordination between EPA, when acting under its CERCLA authority, and NRC, when a facility licensed by the NRC is undergoing decommissioning, or when a facility has completed decommissioning, and the NRC has terminated its license. EPA believes that implementation of the MOU between the two agencies will ensure that future confusion about dual regulation does not occur regarding the cleanup and reuse of NRC-licensed sites. NRC and EPA have so far exchanged MOU consultation letters on eight NRC-licensed sites. EPA has responded to each consultation request with a letter expressing its views on actions

  20. Mr. W. Librirzi Regional Superfund Office EPA Region II

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    W. Librirzi Regional Superfund Office EPA Region II 4th Floor 26 Federal Plaza New York, ... S. Lichtman, EPA R. Guimond, EPA C. Goddard, NYS bee: wo encls. V. De Carlo, PE-243 C. ...

  1. Sandia National Laboratories: Pollution Prevention: EPA WasteWise

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EPA WasteWise EPA WasteWise Logo Sandia National Laboratories has been an EPA WasteWise partner through Pollution Prevention (P2) since 1997. P2 participates in the annual waste...

  2. Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) 2010: User Guide (EPA...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... MOVES2010 is intended for official use. Please see the MOVES2010 policy statement available on the EPA's MOVES web site http:www.epa.govotaqmodelsmovesindex.htm for EPA's ...

  3. EIS-0459: EPA Notice of Availablity for the Draft Programmatic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    EPA announced the availability of DOE's Hawaii Clean Energy Draft Programmatic EIS. EIS-0459-EPA-NOA-2014.pdf More Documents & Publications EIS-0474: EPA Notice of Availability of...

  4. EIS-0414: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0414: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement Energia Sierra Juarez Transmission Project EPA announces the availability of the Final...

  5. EIS-0361: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0250-S1 and EIS-0250-S2: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental Environmental...

  6. EIS-0426: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0473: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0433-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement...

  7. EIS-0370: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    EIS-0440: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0350-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement...

  8. EIS-0400: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0403-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of the Supplement to the Draft Programmatic Environmental...

  9. EIS-0447: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0460: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0403-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of the Supplement to the Draft Programmatic Environmental...

  10. EIS-0450: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    EIS-0450: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0423-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement...

  11. EIS-0460: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Illinois PDF icon EIS-0460-DEIS-EPA-NOA-2013.pdf More Documents & Publications EIS-0288-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement...

  12. EIS-0404: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0407: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0423-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement...

  13. EIS-0460: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    EIS-0447: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0403-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of the Supplement to the Draft Programmatic Environmental...

  14. EIS-0370: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Impact Statement EIS-0440: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0350-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental Environmental...

  15. EIS-0468: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0468: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement American Centrifuge Plant, ...

  16. EIS-0408: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0408: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Upper Great Plains Wind Energy Programmatic EIS EPA announces the availabilty of the ...

  17. EIS-0488: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0488: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Cameron Liquefaction Project, Cameron Parish, Louisiana EPA announces the availability of the Draft EIS ...

  18. EPA-GHG Inventory Capacity Building | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EPA-GHG Inventory Capacity Building Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: US EPA GHG inventory Capacity Building AgencyCompany Organization: United States Environmental...

  19. EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Asia, Central America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia References EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies1 EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2004. The Integrated...

  20. EPA Region 6 NPDES General Permits | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Permits Abstract Access to NPDES General Permits for EPA Region 6. Author United States Environmental Protection Agency Published EPA, Date Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check...

  1. EPA 401 Water Quality Certification website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    OtherOther: EPA 401 Water Quality Certification websiteLegal Abstract The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) provides various information and resources related...

  2. Applicable EPA Regulations and Description Website | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    provides information regarding EPA regulations that apply to brownfields grants. Author Environmental Protection Agency Published EPA, Date Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check...

  3. EPA Brownfields and Land Revitalization Website: Basic Information...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Abstract This site provides basic information regarding EPA's Brownfields program. Author Environmental Protection Agency Published EPA, Date Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check...

  4. EIS-0499: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0499: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Great Northern Transmission Line Project, Minnesota EPA announced the availability of the Draft ...

  5. EIS-0474: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0474: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Southline Transmission Line Project; Arizona and New Mexico EPA announces the availability of the ...

  6. US EPA Landfill Methane Outreach Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EPA Landfill Methane Outreach Program Jump to: navigation, search Name US EPA Landfill Methane Outreach Program AgencyCompany Organization United States Environmental Protection...

  7. http://www.epa.gov/climateleaders/smallbiz/footprint.html

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    you Climate Leaders Page 1 of 2 How to Calculate your Carbon Footprint | Climate Leaders | US EPA 5252011 http:www.epa.govclimateleaderssmallbizfootprint.html collect data ...

  8. EPA - Permit Compliance System webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    System webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA - Permit Compliance System webpage Abstract This webpage contains EPA's...

  9. EIS-0440: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0440: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Quartzsite Solar Energy ...

  10. EIS-0423: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    : EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0423: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Long -Term Management and ...

  11. EIS-0470: EPA Amended Notice of Adoption | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    70: EPA Amended Notice of Adoption EIS-0470: EPA Amended Notice of Adoption Cape Wind Energy Project in Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts The Environmental Protection Agency's Notice ...

  12. EIS-0386: EPA Notice of Availability of the Programmatic Final...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of the Programmatic Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0386: EPA Notice of Availability of the Programmatic Final Environmental Impact Statement ...

  13. EIS-0387: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0387: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final ... More Documents & Publications EIS-0445: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft ...

  14. EIS-0409: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0409: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Kemper County Integrated ...

  15. EIS-0450: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0450: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement TransWest Express Transmission ...

  16. EIS-0472: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0472: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement ...

  17. EIS-0387: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0387: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft ... More Documents & Publications EIS-0391: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft ...

  18. EIS-0435: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0435: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Groton Generation Station ...

  19. EIS-0336: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0336: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Tucson Electric Power ...

  20. EIS-0469: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0469: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement Wilton IV Wind Energy Center; ...

  1. EIS-0481: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0481: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Engineered ...

  2. EIS-0464: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project, Lake Charles, Louisiana and Brazoria County, Texas EPA...

  3. EPA's Hawaii NPS Program Webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    cited 20141013. Available from: http:www.epa.govregion9waternonpointhi Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleEPA%27sHawaiiNPSProgramWebpa...

  4. EIS-0499: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0499: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement Great Northern Transmission Line ...

  5. EIS-0525: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0525: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Nationwide ...

  6. http://www.epa.gov/greeningepa/practices/eo13423.htm

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    You are here: EPA Home Greening EPA More Green Practices Executive Order 13423 Executive Order 13423 Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management ...

  7. EIS-0463: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0463: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Northern Pass Transmission Line Project, New Hampshire EPA announced the availability of the Draft ...

  8. EIS-0459: EPA Notice of Availablity for the Draft Programmatic...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EPA announced the availability of DOE's Hawaii Clean Energy Draft Programmatic EIS. EIS-0459-EPA-NOA-2014.pdf More Documents &...

  9. Integrated Engine and Aftertreatment Technology Roadmap for EPA...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Engine and Aftertreatment Technology Roadmap for EPA 2010 Heavy-duty Emissions Regulations Integrated Engine and Aftertreatment Technology Roadmap for EPA 2010 Heavy-duty Emissions ...

  10. EIS-0413: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement Searchlight Wind Energy Project, Searchlight, NV EPA announces the availability of the Draft EIS for the...

  11. EIS-0442: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0389: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0433-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement ...

  12. EIS-0486: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications EIS-0487: Notice of EIS Adoption EIS-0375: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0288-S1: EPA Notice of Availability ...

  13. EIS-0501: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    EIS-0501: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Golden Pass LNG Export Project; Texas and Louisiana EPA announced the availability of a Draft EIS, ...

  14. Revisions to US EPA Superfund Risk and Dose Assessment Models and Guidance - 13403

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, Stuart A.

    2013-07-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Superfund program's six Preliminary Remediation Goal (PRG) and Dose Compliance Concentration (DCC) internet based calculators for risk and dose assessment at Superfund sites are being revised to reflect better science, revisions to existing exposure scenarios and new scenarios, and changes to match up more closely with the EPA chemical regional screening level calculator. A revised version of the 1999 guidance document that provides an overview for the Superfund risk assessment process at radioactively contaminated sites, 'Radiation Risk Assessment At CERCLA Sites: Q and A', is being completed that will reflect Superfund recommended guidance and other technical documents issued over the past 13 years. EPA is also issuing a series of fact sheets in the document 'Superfund Radiation Risk Assessment: A Community Tool-kit'. This presentation would go over those changes that are expected to be finished by this spring. (authors)

  15. United States Environmental Protection Agency Radiation Office...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Environmental Protection Agency Radiation Office of Radiation Programs Technical Note Las Vegas Facility ORPLV-78-3 P.O. Box 15027 October 1978 Las Vegas NV 89114 &EPA Levels and ...

  16. EPA Environmental Justice Small Grants Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is seeking applications to support activities designed to empower and educate communities to understand environmental and public health issues and to identify ways to address these issues at the local level.

  17. EPA to Require Electronic Filing of EISs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Starting October 1, 2012, all Federal agencies must file their draft and final EISs electronically, pursuant to amended EIS Filing System Guidelines issued by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (77 FR 51530; August 24, 2012).

  18. EPA - SPCC FAQs webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SPCC FAQs webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA - SPCC FAQs webpage Abstract This webpage provides information on Spill...

  19. EPA Webinar: Clean Power Plan for Communities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is hosting a webinar to cover the Clean Power Plan and the first-ever national standards that address carbon pollution from power plants. It will...

  20. EPA Source Reduction Assistance Grant Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is accepting applications for the Source Reduction Assistance Grant Program to support pollution prevention/source reduction and/or resource conservation projects that reduce or eliminate pollution at the source.

  1. Un~ted States Environmental Monltorlng EPA/600/4-86/022 Env~ronmental Protection

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Environmental Monltorlng EPA/600/4-86/022 Env~ronmental Protection Systems Laboratory DOE/DP/00539/056 Agency P.0 Box 15027 A p r ~ l 1986 Las Vegas NV 891 14-5027 3 Research and Development Off -Site Environmental Monitoring Report: Radiation Monitoring Around United States Nuclear Test Areas, Calendar Year prepared for the United States Department of Energy under Interagency Agreement Number DE-AI08-76DP00539 This page intentionally left blank EPA-60014-86-022 DOE/DP/00539-056 April 1986

  2. Statutory complexity disguises agency capture in Citizens Coal Council v. EPA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mullen, R.

    2007-07-01

    In Citizens Coal Council v. EPA, an en banc panel for the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals considered a challenge to EPA regulations promulgated pursuant to the Clean Water Act (CWA). The EPA promulgated the regulations in an attempt to incentivize coal companies to remine once abandoned mine sites. Petitioners, two nonprofit environmental organizations, claimed that the regulations violated the Clean Water Act and Administrative Procedure Act by allowing coal companies to remine without adhering to any enforceable pollution limitations. The EPA countered that more remining would improve water quality at abandoned sites. The Sixth Circuit rejected Petitioners' claims, finding that the EPA's regulations were reasonably consistent with the CWA's goal of restoring the integrity of the nation's waters. In so holding, the court struggled to understand the meaning of the CWA's complex procedural and technical language, and allowed the EPA to justify the rule based on the CWA's broad statement of purpose. Such superficial judicial review sets a dangerous precedent in environmental law, because it exacerbates the risk of agency capture. A captured agency promulgates regulations that benefit-industry, not the environment. Without the judiciary acting as a meaningful check against agency capture, the public loses a valuable tool in the fight against major-industrial polluters like the domestic coal industry. Citizens Coal Council therefore stands as a cautionary tale, a warning sign that the judiciary may be unable to identify agency capture where the regulations at issue are promulgated pursuant to a complex statute like the Clean Water Act.

  3. Consideration Of Cumulative Impacts In EPA Review of NEPA Documents (EPA, 1999)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of this guidance is to assist EPA reviewers of NEPA documents in providing accurate, realistic, and consistent comments on the assessment of cumulative impacts. The guidance focuses on specific issues that are critical in EPA's review of NEPA documents under Section 309 of the Clean Air Act. The guidance offers information on what issues to look for in the analysis, what practical considerations should be kept in mind when reviewing the analysis, and what should be said in EPA comments concerning the adequacy of the analysis.

  4. EPA Native Science and Environmental Health Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is hosting a webinar on the complex environmental issues facing many tribal and indigenous communities. The guest speaker Dr. Clint Carroll, Cherokee Nation, explores the intersection of indigenous governance and indigenous environmental perspectives in settler state contexts.

  5. EPA Clean Diesel Funding Assistance Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is accepting applications for the Clean Diesel Funding Assistance Program for projects to achieve significant reductions in diesel emissions in terms of tons of pollution produced by diesel engines and diesel emissions exposure, particularly from fleets operating at or servicing goods movement facilities located in areas designated as having poor air quality.

  6. EPA Tribal Clean Diesel Funding Assistance Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is accepting applications for the Tribal Clean Diesel Funding Assistance Program for tribal projects to achieve significant reductions in diesel emissions in terms of tons of pollution produced by diesel engines and diesel emissions exposure. Eligible entities include tribal governments.

  7. EPA Environmental Education Model Grants Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is accepting grant proposals from eligible applicants to support environmental education projects that promote environmental awareness and stewardship and help provide people with the skills to take responsible actions to protect the environment.

  8. United States Environmental Monitoring EPA-600/4-81-047 Environmental Protection Systems Laboratory DOE/DP/00539-043

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    EPA-600/4-81-047 Environmental Protection Systems Laboratory DOE/DP/00539-043 Agency P.O. Box 15027 June 1981 Las Vegas NV 891 14 Research and Development Offsite Environmental Monitoring Report Radiation Monitoring Around United States Nuclear Test Areas, Calendar Year 1980 prepared for the Nevada Operations Office U.S. Department of Energy This page intentionally left blank EPA-60014-81-047 DOE/DP/00539-043 June 1981 OFFSITE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT Radiation moni t o r i ng around U n

  9. SU-E-T-378: Limits and Possibilities of a Simplistic Approach to Whole Breast Radiation Therapy Planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hipp, E; Osa, E; No, H; Jozsef, G; Rosman, M; Formenti, S

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Challenges for radiation therapy in developing countries include unreliable infrastructure and high patient load. We propose a system to treat whole breast in the prone position without computed tomography and/or planning software. Methods: Six parameters are measured using calipers and levels with the patient prone in the treatment position. (1) The largest separation; (2) the angle that separation makes with the horizontal; (3) the separation 2 cm posterior to the nipple; (4) the vertical distance between these two separations; (5) the sup/inf length and (6) angle of the desired posterior field edge. The data in (5) (6) and (2) provide field length, collimator and gantry angles. Isocenter is set to the midpoint of (1), anterior jaw setting is 20cm (half-beam setup), and the dose is prescribed to a point 1.5 cm anterior to isocenter. MUs and wedge angles are calculated using an MU calculator and by requiring 100% dose at that point and 100-105% at the midpoint of (3). Measurements on 30 CT scans were taken to obtain the data 1-6. To test the resulting MU/wedge combinations, they were entered into Eclipse (Varian) and dose distributions were calculated. The MU/wedge combinations were recorded and tabulated. Results: Performing a dose volume histogram analysis, the contoured breast V95 was 90.5%, and the average V90 was 94.1%. The maximum dose never exceeded 114.5%, (average 108%). The lung V20 was <5% for 96.7%, and the heart V5 was <10% for 93.3% of our sample. Conclusion: A method to provide prone whole breast treatment without CT-planning was developed. The method provides reasonable coverage and normal tissue sparing. This approach is not recommended if imaging and planning capabilities are available; it was designed to specifically avoid the need for CT planning and should be reserved to clinics that need to avoid that step.

  10. Consideration of Cumulative Impacts in EPA Review of NEPA Documents, EPA Office of Federal Activities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of this guidance is to assist EPA reviewers of NEPA documents in providing accurate, realistic, and consistent comments on the assessment of cumulative impacts. The guidance focuses on...

  11. Guidance on Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy into the Environmental Review Process (EPA, 1993)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The guidance discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's definition of pollution prevention; how to incorporate pollution prevention into the EPA environmental review process and interagency liaison function; and federal pollution prevention awards programs.

  12. EPA Hazardous Waste TSDF Guide | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: EPA Hazardous Waste TSDF GuideLegal Abstract Guidance document prepared by the EPA for hazardous waste...

  13. Epas Product GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Epas Product GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Epas Product GmbH Place: Leipzig, Germany Zip: D-04316 Product: Stirling engine manufacturer; phone number did not work as of...

  14. Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar: EPA Clean Power Plan: What Tribes...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Renewable Energy Webinar: EPA Clean Power Plan: What Tribes Need to Know Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar: EPA Clean Power Plan: What Tribes Need to Know November 18, 2015 11:00AM...

  15. EPA Clean Water Rule Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Water Rule Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA Clean Water Rule Website Abstract EPA's webpage tracking implementation of...

  16. EIS-0486: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0486: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement (153.66 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0433-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental ...

  17. EIS-0375: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0375: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement (192.33 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0288-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental ...

  18. EIS-0451: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0451-DEIS-EPANOA-2013.pdf (194.56 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0433-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0473: EPA ...

  19. Energy Department Receives EPA Award for Top Green Power Purchase...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Receives EPA Award for Top Green Power Purchase Energy Department Receives EPA Award for Top Green Power Purchase September 24, 2013 - 12:19pm Addthis The Energy Department ...

  20. EJSCREEN: Environmental Justice Screening and Mapping Tool (EPA)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    EJSCREEN is an environmental justice mapping and screening tool provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

  1. EIS-0447: EPA Notice of Availability Final Environmental Impact Statement |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0447: EPA Notice of Availability Final Environmental Impact Statement Champlain Hudson Power Express Transmission Line Project, New York EPA announces the availability of the Champlain Hudson Power Express Transmission Line Project Final Environmental Impact Statement. Review Period Ends: 09/15/2014. EIS-0447-FEIS-EPANOA-2014.pdf (54.65 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0288-S1: Revision to EPA

  2. EIS-0486: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0486: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission Project EPA announces the availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission Project. The comment period ends on March 19, 2015, as indicated in the EPA correction notice. For more information visit the project

  3. The influence of differential irradiation and circulation on the thermal evolution of gas giant planets. I. Upper limits from radiative equilibrium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rauscher, Emily; Showman, Adam P.

    2014-04-01

    As a planet ages, it cools and its radius shrinks at a rate set by the efficiency with which heat is transported from the interior out to space. The bottleneck for this transport is at the boundary between the convective interior and the radiative atmosphere; the opacity there sets the global cooling rate. Models of planetary evolution are often one dimensional (1D), such that the radiative-convective boundary (RCB) is defined by a single temperature, pressure, and opacity. In reality the spatially inhomogeneous stellar heating pattern and circulation in the atmosphere could deform the RCB, allowing heat from the interior to escape more efficiently through regions with lower opacity. We present an analysis of the degree to which the RCB could be deformed and the resultant change in the evolutionary cooling rate. In this initial work we calculate the upper limit for this effect by comparing an atmospheric structure in local radiative equilibrium to its 1D equivalent. We find that the cooling through an uneven RCB could be enhanced over cooling through a uniform RCB by as much as 10%-50%. We also show that the deformation of the RCB (and the enhancement of the cooling rate) increases with a greater incident stellar flux or a lower inner entropy. Our results indicate that this mechanism could significantly change a planet's thermal evolution, causing it to cool and shrink more quickly than would otherwise be expected. This may exacerbate the well-known difficulty in explaining the very large radii observed for some hot Jupiters.

  4. SU-F-BRE-01: A Rapid Method to Determine An Upper Limit On a Radiation Detector's Correction Factor During the QA of IMRT Plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamio, Y; Bouchard, H

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Discrepancies in the verification of the absorbed dose to water from an IMRT plan using a radiation dosimeter can be wither caused by 1) detector specific nonstandard field correction factors as described by the formalism of Alfonso et al. 2) inaccurate delivery of the DQA plan. The aim of this work is to develop a simple/fast method to determine an upper limit on the contribution of composite field correction factors to these discrepancies. Methods: Indices that characterize the non-flatness of the symmetrised collapsed delivery (VSC) of IMRT fields over detector-specific regions of interest were shown to be correlated with IMRT field correction factors. The indices introduced are the uniformity index (UI) and the mean fluctuation index (MF). Each one of these correlation plots have 10 000 fields generated with a stochastic model. A total of eight radiation detectors were investigated in the radial orientation. An upper bound on the correction factors was evaluated by fitting values of high correction factors for a given index value. Results: These fitted curves can be used to compare the performance of radiation dosimeters in composite IMRT fields. Highly water-equivalent dosimeters like the scintillating detector (Exradin W1) and a generic alanine detector have been found to have corrections under 1% over a broad range of field modulations (0 – 0.12 for MF and 0 – 0.5 for UI). Other detectors have been shown to have corrections of a few percent over this range. Finally, a full Monte Carlo simulations of 18 clinical and nonclinical IMRT field showed good agreement with the fitted curve for the A12 ionization chamber. Conclusion: This work proposes a rapid method to evaluate an upper bound on the contribution of correction factors to discrepancies found in the verification of DQA plans.

  5. EPA proposes to control automotive VOC emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-09-01

    US Environmental Protection Agency has proposed a vehicle control system for reducing gasoline vapors that can escape into the environment during refueling of motor vehicles. It has also has been proposed that gasoline refiners lower the volatility of commercial fuels in summer to reduce vehicle evaporative emissions. EPA said nationwide emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC), a major contributor to the formation of urban ozone, could be reduced as much as 10% under the proposed pollution-control measures.

  6. EPA Mobile Source Enforcement Memo 1A

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY WASHINGTON, D.C. 20460 OFFICE OF ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE ASSURANCE September 4, 1997 Addendum to Mobile Source Enforcement Memorandum 1A SUBJECT: Tampering Enforcement Policy for Alternative Fuel Aftermarket Conversions A. Purpose The purpose of this document is to clarify and revise the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) "tampering" enforcement policy for motor vehicles and motor vehicle engines originally designed to

  7. Diesel Particulate Filters and NO2 Emission Limits | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Filters and NO2 Emission Limits Diesel Particulate Filters and NO2 Emission Limits EPAs New air quality standards for NO2 will impact future DPF designs deer09ibrahim.pdf (1.05 ...

  8. A Contralateral Esophagus-Sparing Technique to Limit Severe Esophagitis Associated With Concurrent High-Dose Radiation and Chemotherapy in Patients With Thoracic Malignancies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Halabi, Hani; Paetzold, Peter; Sharp, Gregory C.; Olsen, Christine; Willers, Henning

    2015-07-15

    Purpose: Severe (Radiation Therapy Oncology Group [RTOG] grade 3 or greater) esophagitis generally occurs in 15% to 25% of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients undergoing concurrent chemotherapy and radiation therapy (CCRT), which may result in treatment breaks that compromise local tumor control and pose a barrier to dose escalation. Here, we report a novel contralateral esophagus-sparing technique (CEST) that uses intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to reduce the incidence of severe esophagitis. Methods and Materials: We reviewed consecutive patients with thoracic malignancies undergoing curative CCRT in whom CEST was used. The esophageal wall contralateral (CE) to the tumor was contoured as an avoidance structure, and IMRT was used to guide a rapid dose falloff gradient beyond the target volume in close proximity to the esophagus. Esophagitis was recorded based on the RTOG acute toxicity grading system. Results: We identified 20 consecutive patients treated with CCRT of at least 63 Gy in whom there was gross tumor within 1 cm of the esophagus. The median radiation dose was 70.2 Gy (range, 63-72.15 Gy). In all patients, ≥99% of the planning and internal target volumes was covered by ≥90% and 100% of prescription dose, respectively. Strikingly, no patient experienced grade ≥3 esophagitis (95% confidence limits, 0%-16%) despite the high total doses delivered. The median maximum dose, V45, and V55 of the CE were 60.7 Gy, 2.1 cc, and 0.4 cc, respectively, indicating effective esophagus cross-section sparing by CEST. Conclusion: We report a simple yet effective method to avoid exposing the entire esophagus cross-section to high doses. By using proposed CE dose constraints of V45 <2.5 cc and V55 <0.5 cc, CEST may improve the esophagus toxicity profile in thoracic cancer patients receiving CCRT even at doses above the standard 60- to 63-Gy levels. Prospective testing of CEST is warranted.

  9. Additional Survival Benefit of Involved-Lesion Radiation Therapy After R-CHOP Chemotherapy in Limited Stage Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwon, Jeanny; Kim, Il Han; Kim, Byoung Hyuck; Kim, Tae Min; Heo, Dae Seog

    2015-05-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of involved-lesion radiation therapy (ILRT) after rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) chemotherapy in limited stage diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) by comparing outcomes of R-CHOP therapy alone with R-CHOP followed by ILRT. Methods and Materials: We identified 198 patients treated with R-CHOP (median, 6 cycles) for pathologically confirmed DLBCL of limited stage from July 2004 to December 2012. Clinical characteristics of these patients were 33% with stage I and 66.7% with stage II; 79.8% were in the low or low-intermediate risk group; 13.6% had B symptoms; 29.8% had bulky tumors (≥7 cm); and 75.3% underwent ≥6 cycles of R-CHOP therapy. RT was given to 43 patients (21.7%) using ILRT technique, which included the prechemotherapy tumor volume with a median margin of 2 cm (median RT dose: 36 Gy). Results: After a median follow-up of 40 months, 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 85.8% and 88.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed ≥6 cycles of R-CHOP (PFS, P=.004; OS, P=.004) and ILRT (PFS, P=.021; OS, P=.014) were favorable prognosticators of PFS and OS. A bulky tumor (P=.027) and response to R-CHOP (P=.012) were also found to be independent factors of OS. In subgroup analysis, the effect of ILRT was prominent in patients with a bulky tumor (PFS, P=.014; OS, P=.030) or an elevated level of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH; PFS, P=.004; OS, P=.012). Conclusions: Our results suggest that ILRT after R-CHOP therapy improves PFS and OS in patients with limited stage DLBCL, especially in those with bulky disease or an elevated serum LDH level.

  10. EPA`s proposed renewable oxygenate requirement (ROR): Pros and cons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Czeskleba, H.M.

    1995-12-31

    In December 1993, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released its final rule that sets for the details for requirements to sell reformulated gasoline (RFG) in certain ozone non-attainment areas. At the same time, EPA also issued a proposed rule to require that 30% of the oxygen required in RFG be based on a renewable oxygenate. Renewables include ethanol and its ether derivatives such as ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE). The RFG rule is a final rule, while the Renewable Oxygenate Requirement (ROR) rule is a proposed rule yet to be finalized and subject to revision. Included in this paper are brief reviews of Ashland petroleum Company`s ethanol usage, oxygenated fuel and reformulated gasoline blending economics, and some comments on the EPA proposed renewable oxygenate requirement.

  11. Real-Time Pretreatment Review Limits Unacceptable Deviations on a Cooperative Group Radiation Therapy Technique Trial: Quality Assurance Results of RTOG 0933

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gondi, Vinai; Cui, Yunfeng; Mehta, Minesh P.; Manfredi, Denise; Xiao, Ying; Galvin, James M.; Rowley, Howard; Tome, Wolfgang A.

    2015-03-01

    cases passed the pre-enrollment credentialing, the pretreatment centralized review disqualified 5.7% of reviewed cases, prevented unacceptable deviations in 24% of reviewed cases, and limited the final unacceptable deviation rate to 5%. Thus, pretreatment review is deemed necessary in future hippocampal avoidance trials and is potentially useful in other similarly challenging radiation therapy technique trials.

  12. Phase II Study of Accelerated High-Dose Radiotherapy With Concurrent Chemotherapy for Patients With Limited Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Protocol 0239

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Komaki, Ritsuko; Paulus, Rebecca; Ettinger, David S.; Videtic, Gregory M.M.; Bradley, Jeffrey D.; Glisson, Bonnie S.; Sause, William T.; Curran, Walter J.; Choy, Hak

    2012-07-15

    Purpose: To investigate whether high-dose thoracic radiation given twice daily during cisplatin-etoposide chemotherapy for limited small-cell lung cancer (LSCLC) improves survival, acute esophagitis, and local control rates relative to findings from Intergroup trial 0096 (47%, 27%, and 64%). Patients and Methods: Patients were accrued over a 3-year period from 22 US and Canadian institutions. Patients with LSCLC and good performance status were given thoracic radiation to 61.2 Gy over 5 weeks (daily 1.8-Gy fractions on days 1-22, then twice-daily 1.8-Gy fractions on days 23-33). Cisplatin (60 mg/m{sup 2} IV) was given on day 1 and etoposide (120 mg/m{sup 2} IV) on days 1-3 and days 22-24, followed by 2 cycles of cisplatin plus etoposide alone. Patients who achieved complete response were offered prophylactic cranial irradiation. Endpoints included overall and progression-free survival; severe esophagitis (Common Toxicity Criteria v 2.0) and treatment-related fatalities; response (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors); and local control. Results: Seventy-two patients were accrued from June 2003 through May 2006; 71 were evaluable (median age 63 years; 52% female; 58% Zubrod 0). Median survival time was 19 months; at 2 years, the overall survival rate was 36.6% (95% confidence interval [CI] 25.6%-47.7%), and progression-free survival 19.7% (95% CI 11.4%-29.6%). Thirteen patients (18%) experienced severe acute esophagitis, and 2 (3%) died of treatment-related causes; 41% achieved complete response, 39% partial response, 10% stable disease, and 6% progressive disease. The local control rate was 73%. Forty-three patients (61%) received prophylactic cranial irradiation. Conclusions: The overall survival rate did not reach the projected goal; however, rates of esophagitis were lower, and local control higher, than projected. This treatment strategy is now one of three arms of a prospective trial of chemoradiation for LSCLC (Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 0538

  13. ORISE: EPA awards ENERGY STAR® certification to ORISE building for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    superior energy efficiency ORISE building earns EPA's ENERGY STAR® certification for superior energy efficiency FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE March 16, 2016 FY16-16 Chad Becker, Eddy Whitson and Kevin Fritts with EPA ENERGY STAR certificate Left to Right: Director of Facilities and Transportation Department Chad Becker, Facilities Management Services Manager Eddy Whitson and Sustainability Manager Kevin Fritts display the new EPA ENERGY STAR® certification for the ORISE Facilities and

  14. EIS-0487: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Impact Statement | Department of Energy a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0472: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Uranium Leasing Program, Mesa, Montrose, and San Miguel Counties, Colorado EPA announces the availability of the Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Uranium Leasing Program. EIS-0472-DEIS-EPA-NOA-2013.pdf (193.5 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0441: Amended Notice of Availability

  15. EIS-0463: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0463: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Northern Pass Transmission Line Project, New Hampshire EPA announced the availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (Draft EIS) for the Northern Pass Transmission Line Project. The Draft EIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of a DOE proposal to grant a Presidential permit to Northern Pass

  16. EIS-0481: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environmental

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Impact Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0481: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Engineered High Energy Crop (EHEC) Programs Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EPA announces the availability of the Engineered High Energy Crop (EHEC) Programs Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for public review and comment. Comment period ends:

  17. EIS-0488: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy 8: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0488: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Cameron Liquefaction Project, Cameron Parish, Louisiana EPA announces the availability of the Draft EIS for the Cameron Liquefaction Project, Cameron Parish, Louisiana. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) proposes to expand an existing liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal to enable it to liquefy

  18. EIS-0393: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0393: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement Montanore Project; Montana EPA announced the availability of a Final EIS prepared by USDA Forest Service (Kootenai National Forest) and the Montana Department of Environmental Quality to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of a proposed copper and silver underground mine about 18 miles south of Libby,

  19. EIS-0496: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0496: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement San Luis Transmission Project; Alameda, Merced, San Joaquin, and Stanislaus Counties, California EPA announced the availability of a final EIS/Environmental Impact Report, prepared by Western Area Power Administration and the San Luis & Delta-Mendota Water Authority as joint federal and state lead agencies, that

  20. EIS-0499: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0499: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement Great Northern Transmission Line Project, Minnesota EPA announced the availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Great Northern Transmission Line Project. The Final EIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of a DOE proposal to grant a Presidential permit to Minnesota Power to construct,

  1. EIS-0501: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0501: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Golden Pass LNG Export Project; Texas and Louisiana EPA announced the availability of a Draft EIS, prepared by Federal Energy Regulatory Commission that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to construct and operate natural gas liquefaction and export facilities at the existing Golden Pass

  2. EIS-0523: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environmental

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Impact Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0523: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Non-Contiguous United States EPA announces the availability of the Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Non-Contiguous United

  3. EIS-0525: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environmental

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Impact Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0525: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Eastern United States EPA announces the availability of the Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Eastern United States. For

  4. DOE Headquarters Receives Energy Star Recognition from EPA | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Headquarters Receives Energy Star Recognition from EPA DOE Headquarters Receives Energy Star Recognition from EPA July 9, 2008 - 2:15pm Addthis WASHINGTON - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today accepted a plaque from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) certifying the Department of Energy's (DOE) James Forrestal Headquarters Building as an ENERGY STAR® building. The Forrestal building uses 40 percent less energy than the average office building, saving taxpayers

  5. DOE Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives EPA Recertification | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives EPA Recertification DOE Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Receives EPA Recertification March 29, 2006 - 9:42am Addthis CARLSBAD, NM - The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Carlsbad Field Office today reached a significant milestone when its Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) was recertified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This decision indicates that after a thorough evaluation of the physical state and performance of the facility,

  6. EIS-0521: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0521: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Gunnison Sage-Grouse Rangewide Draft Resource Management Plan Amendment and Draft Environmental Impact Statement EPA announced the availability of a Bureau of Land Management Draft EIS that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of proposed Resource Management Plan amendments that would incorporate conservation

  7. EIS-0414: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0414: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Energia Sierra Juarez U.S. Transmission Line Project, Construction, Operation, Maintenance,...

  8. Energy and EPA Webinar Series Promotes Tribal Energy Sufficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Promotes Tribal Energy Sufficiency and Economic Development Energy and EPA Webinar Series Promotes Tribal Energy Sufficiency and Economic Development January 20, 2012 - 11:40am ...

  9. EIS-0427: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of a Final Environmental Impact Statement Interconnection of the Grapevine Canyon Wind Project, Coconino County, Arizona EPA announces the availability of the Final...

  10. EIS-0422: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DOEEIS-0422 (July 2010 - 75 FR 38517) More Documents & Publications EIS-0403-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of the Supplement to the Draft Programmatic Environmental...

  11. EIS-0481: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Final Environmental Impact Statement More Documents & Publications EIS-0463-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Supplement to the Draft Environmental Impact Statement...

  12. DOE - NNSA/NFO -- Photo Library EPA Farm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EPA Farm NNSA/NFO Language Options U.S. DOE/NNSA - Nevada Field Office Photo Library - EPA Farm In November 1981, the last cattle roundup took place at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) experimental farm, managed for DOE by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Operations at this unique 30-acre experimental farm in Area 15 started in 1964 when the EPA was contracted to conduct research to determine if radioactive materials found in the environment were being transported to humans.

  13. EIS-0489: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (Coos County, OR) and Pacific Connector Pipeline Project (Coos, Klamath, Jackson, and Douglas Counties, OR) EPA announced the availability of a Draft EIS prepared by the Federal...

  14. EIS-0491: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Lake Charles Liquefaction Project, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana The Environmental Protection Agency issued a...

  15. EIS-0407: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Abengoa Biorefinery Project near Hugoton, Kansas PDF icon EIS-0407-NOA-FEIS-2010.pdf More Documents &...

  16. EIS-0505: EPA Notice of Availability of Supplemental Draft Environment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0505: EPA Notice of Availability of Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0505: Vantage to Pomona Heights 230 kV Transmission Line Project; Yakima, Grant, ...

  17. EIS-0444: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0444: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Texas Clean Energy Project, Ector, Texas 2011-19917.pdf More Documents & Publications...

  18. EIS-0421: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0421: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Big Eddy-Knight Transmission Project Proposal to Construct, Operate, and Maintain a 27-28...

  19. EIS-0421: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0421: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Big Eddy-Knight Transmission Project, Wasco County, OR and Klickitat County, WA PDF icon...

  20. Integrated Vehicle and Powertrain Technology for EPA 2010 and...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    over Transient Operation Heavy-Duty Engine Combustion Optimization for High Thermal Efficiency Targeting EPA 2010 Emissions State-of-the-Art and Emergin Truck Engine ...

  1. EPA Furlough Day on May 24 Will Affect EIS Filing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    EISs must be filed with EPA by Thursday, May 23rd for publication of a Notice of Availability on May 31, 2013.

  2. EPA-GHG Inventory Capacity Building | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Capacity Building) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: US EPA GHG inventory Capacity Building AgencyCompany Organization: United States Environmental Protection...

  3. EIS-0431: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project, Kern County, CA EPA announces the availability ... Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project, Kern County, CA for public review and comment. ...

  4. EIS-0357: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Gilberton Coal-to-Clean Fuels and Power Project, DOEEIS-0357 (November 2007) 72 FR 62229 More Documents & Publications EIS-0394: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft...

  5. EPA Environmental Justice Collaborative Problem-Solving Cooperative...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    13, 2016 (All day) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a request for proposals for the Environmental Justice Collaborative...

  6. Frequently Asked Questions on Filing EISs with EPA's Office of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Filing EISs with EPA's Office of Federal Activities This letter from the Director of the Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Federal Activities addresses common questions...

  7. EPA State and Local Transportation Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EPA State and Local Transportation Resources AgencyCompany Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Transportation Phase:...

  8. Brazil-US EPA Environmental Management Activities | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name Brazil-US EPA Program AgencyCompany Organization United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis Website...

  9. EPA Climate Leaders Mobile Source Guidance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EPA Climate Leaders Mobile Source Guidance AgencyCompany Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Phase: Determine...

  10. EPA Handbook on 401 Water Quality Certifications | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: EPA Handbook on 401 Water Quality CertificationsPermittingRegulatory...

  11. Temporary EPA ID Number Request | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Temporary EPA ID Number RequestLegal Abstract A developer that may "generate hazardous waste only from an episodic event" may instead apply for a temporary hazardous waste...

  12. EIS-0496: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    San Luis Transmission Project; Alameda, Merced, San Joaquin, and Stanislaus Counties, California EPA announced the availability of a final EISEnvironmental Impact Report, prepared ...

  13. EIS-0483: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement EIS-0483: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project, Larimer County, Colorado...

  14. EPA-Fuel Economy Guide | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EPA-Fuel Economy Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Fuel Economy Guide AgencyCompany Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency...

  15. EPA Hazardous Waste Generators Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Generators Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA Hazardous Waste Generators Website Abstract This webpage provides general...

  16. EPA - NPDES Permit Program webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Program webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA - NPDES Permit Program webpage Abstract This is the Environmental Protection...

  17. EIS-0495: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0495: Walla Walla Basin Spring Chinook Hatchery Program; Umatilla County, Oregon EPA announced the availability of...

  18. EPA - Underground Injection Control Classes of Wells webpage...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Underground Injection Control Classes of Wells webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA - Underground Injection Control Classes of...

  19. EPA Rainfall Erosivity Factor Calculator Website | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Calculator Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA Rainfall Erosivity Factor Calculator Website Abstract This website allows...

  20. EPA Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments (CZARA) Section...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Section 6217 Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments (CZARA) Section 6217 Webpage...

  1. EIS-0526: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Lower Yellowstone Intake Diversion Dam Fish Passage Project; near Glendive, Montana EPA ... joint lead agencies, for the Lower Yellowstone Intake Diversion Dam Fish Passage Project. ...

  2. EIS-0474: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Southline Transmission Line Project; Arizona and New Mexico EPA announces the availability of the Southline Transmission Project, (Arizona and New Mexico), draft EIS that was issued by ...

  3. EPA National Environmental Policy Act Guidance | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    To meet NEPA requirements federal agencies prepare a detailed statement known as an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). EPA reviews and comments on EISs prepared by other...

  4. EIS-0478: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Antelope Valley Station to Neset Transmission Project, Mercer, Dunn, Billings, Williams, McKenzie, and Mountrail Counties, North Dakota EPA announces the availability of the...

  5. EPA - Rainfall Erosivity Factor Calculator webpage | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for EPA - Rainfall Erosivity Factor Calculator webpage Citation Environmental...

  6. EPA - Construction General Permit webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Agency, 2014 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for EPA - Construction General Permit webpage Citation Environmental Protection...

  7. EPA Tier2 Submit Software Webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for EPA Tier2 Submit Software Webpage Citation United States Environmental...

  8. EPA Region 7 Air Program Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for EPA Region 7 Air Program Website Citation Environmental Protection Agency....

  9. EPA - Source Water Protection webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for EPA - Source Water Protection webpage Citation Environmental Protection...

  10. EIS-0441: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    a Draft Environmental Impact Statement Mohave County Wind Farm Project, Mohave County, Arizona EPA announces the availability of BLM's Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the...

  11. EIS-0442: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and Vegetation Management on Western Area Power Administration Transmission Lines on Forest Service Lands, Colorado, Nebraska, and Utah EPA announces the availability of the...

  12. EIS-0397: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Lyle Falls Fish Passage Project To Improve Fish Passage to Habitat in the Upper Part of the Watershed,...

  13. AMO Industrial Distributed Energy: Summary of EPA Final Rules...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Summary of EPA Final Rules for Air Toxic Standards for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional (ICI) Boilers and Process Heaters ICF International for U.S. Department of Energy...

  14. http://epa.gov/air/oaqps/greenbk/index.html

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    EPA Headquarters should be contacted only when the Regional Office is unable to answer a question. Areas of the country where air pollution levels persistently exceed the national ...

  15. EPA Clean Energy Incentive Program Stakeholder Calls - Potential...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Incentive Program Stakeholder Calls - Potential CEIP Project Partners EPA Clean Energy Incentive Program Stakeholder Calls - Potential CEIP Project Partners November 23,...

  16. EIS-0463: Revision to EPA Notice Of Availability Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0463: Revision to EPA Notice Of Availability Draft Environmental Impact Statement Northern Pass Transmission Line Project, New Hampshire This Notice of Availability was first ...

  17. EIS-0425: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement Bonneville Power Administration Mid-Columbia Coho Restoration Project, Chelan and Okanogan Counties, WA...

  18. DOE and EPA Release 2011 Annual Fuel Economy Guide | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA and DOE will provide additional fuel economy information online as more 2011 vehicles, including electric and plug-in hybrid cars, become available. In addition to being ...

  19. EIS-0404: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0404: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Los Vaqueros Reservoir Expansion Project, California...

  20. EIS-0492: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0492: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Oregon LNG ... the proposed Oregon LNG Terminal and Pipeline Project and Washington Expansion Project. ...

  1. EIS-0487: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Freeport LNG Liquefaction Project, Brazoria County, Texas EPA announces the availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Freeport LNG Liquefaction ...

  2. EPA Section 401 Water Quality Certification Manual | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Section 401 Water Quality Certification Manual Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Reference: EPA Section 401 Water Quality Certification Manual...

  3. EIS-0431: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    EIS-0431: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Hydrogen Energy California's Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle and Carbon Capture and...

  4. EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lessons learnedbest practices Website http:www.epa.gov Program Start 1998 Country Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, India, Mexico, Philippines, South Korea South America, South...

  5. Office of radiation and indoor air: Program description

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-06-01

    The goal of the Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA) Office of Radiation and Indoor Air is to protect the public and the environment from exposures to radiation and indoor air pollutants. The Office develops protection criteria, standards, and policies and works with other programs within EPA and other agencies to control radiation and indoor air pollution exposures; provides technical assistance to states through EPA`s regional offices and other agencies having radiation and indoor air protection programs; directs an environmental radiation monitoring program; responds to radiological emergencies; and evaluates and assesses the overall risk and impact of radiation and indoor air pollution. The Office is EPA`s lead office for intra- and interagency activities coordinated through the Committee for Indoor Air Quality. It coordinates with and assists the Office of Enforcement in enforcement activities where EPA has jurisdiction. The Office disseminates information and works with state and local governments, industry and professional groups, and citizens to promote actions to reduce exposures to harmful levels of radiation and indoor air pollutants.

  6. The process of consensus on EMF: SAB review of the EPA draft document on EMF and cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, B.W.

    1992-06-01

    The EPA Draft Document on EMF and Cancers grew out of an earlier effort by EPA to track biological effects literature relative to radio-frequency (RF) exposure. Scope of the document was broadened to include extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields prior to an announcement in 1986 that EPA would formally review the whole area of non-ionizing radiation. An extensive survey of the relevant bioeffects and epidemiologic literature was carried out, and writing on the document began in earnest on the document sometime in 1989. In its draft form, the document reviewed the literature on mechanisms of Interaction between electromagnetic fields and biological tissue, EMF epidemiologic studies, supporting evidence for carcinogenicity and research needs. In the early summer of 1990, a draft of the document was reviewed by some 22 individuals within the EPA and other government agencies. It was also sent out for external review to an additional 9 qualified scientists who had worked in the area and were familiar with EMF-related literature in epidemiology, biology, and physics. Many of the comments sent to EPA from this first review, prior to release of the draft for public comment, were strikingly similar to those resulting from the second (public) review process. Thus, it appears that much of the controversy that was later associated with the document could have been avoided had the authors been diligent in following the recommendations of the initial set of reviewers.

  7. U. S. EPA's flare policy: update and review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, B.C.

    1985-04-01

    The effect of flaring operations on the environment continues to be of concern to regulatory agencies and industry. Recent regulatory initiatives by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have established regulatory performance and design standards for flare operations. It is recommended EPA change its flare policy to accept the more general concept of flame stability as an indicator of efficient flare operation.

  8. EPA's Clean Power Plan Community Training in Arizona

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is hosting an education session for the public to learn about the EPA's Clean Power Plan efforts. The training event is to develop a basic understanding of the Clean Power Plan and the Proposed Federal Plan.

  9. EPA's Clean Power Plan Community Training in New Mexico

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is hosting an education session for the public to learn about the EPA's Clean Power Plan efforts. The training event is to develop a basic understanding of the Clean Power Plan and the Proposed Federal Plan.

  10. Single-Fraction Versus 5-Fraction Radiation Therapy for Metastatic Epidural Spinal Cord Compression in Patients With Limited Survival Prognoses: Results of a Matched-Pair Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rades, Dirk; Huttenlocher, Stefan; Šegedin, Barbara; Perpar, Ana; Conde, Antonio J.; Garcia, Raquel; Veninga, Theo; Stalpers, Lukas J.A.; Cacicedo, Jon; Rudat, Volker; Schild, Steven E.

    2015-10-01

    Purpose: This study compared single-fraction to multi-fraction short-course radiation therapy (RT) for symptomatic metastatic epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC) in patients with limited survival prognosis. Methods and Materials: A total of 121 patients who received 8 Gy × 1 fraction were matched (1:1) to 121 patients treated with 4 Gy × 5 fractions for 10 factors including age, sex, performance status, primary tumor type, number of involved vertebrae, other bone metastases, visceral metastases, interval between tumor diagnosis and MESCC, pre-RT ambulatory status, and time developing motor deficits prior to RT. Endpoints included in-field repeated RT (reRT) for MESCC, overall survival (OS), and impact of RT on motor function. Univariate analyses were performed with the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test for in-field reRT for MESCC and OS and with the ordered-logit model for effect of RT on motor function. Results: Doses of 8 Gy × 1 fraction and 4 Gy × 5 fractions were not significantly different with respect to the need for in-field reRT for MESCC (P=.11) at 6 months (18% vs 9%, respectively) and 12 months (30% vs 22%, respectively). The RT regimen also had no significant impact on OS (P=.65) and post-RT motor function (P=.21). OS rates at 6 and 12 months were 24% and 9%, respectively, after 8 Gy × 1 fraction versus 25% and 13%, respectively, after 4 Gy × 5 fractions. Improvement of motor function was observed in 17% of patients after 8 Gy × 1 fraction and 23% after 4 Gy × 5 fractions, respectively. Conclusions: There were no significant differences with respect to need for in-field reRT for MESCC, OS, and motor function by dose fractionation regimen. Thus, 8 Gy × 1 fraction may be a reasonable option for patients with survival prognosis of a few months.

  11. RESRAD for Radiological Risk Assessment. Comparison with EPA CERCLA Tools - PRG and DCC Calculators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, C.; Cheng, J. -J.; Kamboj, S.

    2015-07-01

    The purpose of this report is two-fold. First, the risk assessment methodology for both RESRAD and the EPA’s tools is reviewed. This includes a review of the EPA’s justification for 2 using a dose-to-risk conversion factor to reduce the dose-based protective ARAR from 15 to 12 mrem/yr. Second, the models and parameters used in RESRAD and the EPA PRG and DCC Calculators are compared in detail, and the results are summarized and discussed. Although there are suites of software tools in the RESRAD family of codes and the EPA Calculators, the scope of this report is limited to the RESRAD (onsite) code for soil contamination and the EPA’s PRG and DCC Calculators also for soil contamination.

  12. Cost analysis for compliance with EPA's regional NOx emissions reductions for fossil-fired power generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, D.; Mann, A.; Ward, J.; Ramezan, M.

    1999-07-01

    To achieve a more stringent ambient-air ozone standard promulgated in 1997, the U.S. EPA has established summer NOx emissions limits for fossil-fired electric power generating units in the Ozone Transport Rulemaking region, consisting of 22 eastern and midwestern states and the District of Columbia. These jurisdictions are required to submit State Implementation Plans by September 1999 in response to EPA's rule, with compliance required by 2007. There are 1757 affected units in this region. In the present study, projected state-by-state growth rates for power production are used to estimate power production and NOx emissions by unit in the year 2007. NOx emissions reductions expected by January 1, 2000 due to Title IV compliance are estimated, leaving a substantial balance of emissions reductions to be achieved by post-combustion NOx control. Cost estimates are developed for achieving these remaining reductions.

  13. New Stochastic Annual Limits on Intake for Selected Radionuclides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carbaugh, Eugene H.

    2009-08-24

    Annual limits on intake (ALI) have historically been tabulated by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (e.g., ICRP 1979, 1961) and also by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 1988). These compilations have been rendered obsolete by more recent ICRP dosimetry methods, and, rather than provide new ALIs, the ICRP has opted instead to provide committed dose coefficients from which an ALI can be determined by a user for a specific set of conditions. The U.S. Department of Energy historically has referenced compilations of ALIs and has defined their method of calculation in its radiation protection regulation (10 CFDR 835), but has never provided a specific compilation. Under June 2007 amendments to 10 CFR 835, ALIs can be calculated by dividing an appropriate dose limit, either 5-rem (0.05 Sv) effective dose or 50 rem (0.5 Sv) equivalent dose to an individual organ or tissue, by an appropriate committed dose coefficient. When based on effective dose, the ALI is often referred to as a stochastic annual limit on intake (SALI), and when based on the individual organ or tissue equivalent limit, it has often been called a deterministic annual limit on intake (DALI).

  14. Consideration Of Cumulative Impacts In EPA Review of NEPA Documents

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of this guidance is to assist EPA reviewers of NEPA documents in providing accurate, realistic, and consistent comments on the assessment of cumulative impacts. The guidance focuses on specific issues that are critical in EPA's review of NEPA documents under Section 309 of the Clean Air Act. The guidance offers information on what issues to look for in the analysis, what practical considerations should be kept in mind when reviewing the analysis, and what should be said in EPA comments concerning the adequacy of the analysis.

  15. Proposed EPA Rules Will Cut Carbon Pollution While Maintaining Reliability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy Proposed EPA Rules Will Cut Carbon Pollution While Maintaining Reliability Proposed EPA Rules Will Cut Carbon Pollution While Maintaining Reliability June 3, 2014 - 4:20pm Addthis Photo via iStock by Getty Images. Photo via iStock by Getty Images. Melanie A. Kenderdine Melanie A. Kenderdine Director of the Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis Learn More Watch a video that explains how EPA's Clean Power Plan works. See the projected public health benefits of the

  16. EIS-0423-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    23-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0423-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement...

  17. EIS-0380: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Site-Wide Environmen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0380: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement...

  18. EIS-0423-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0423-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Long-Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury EPA announces the availability of ...

  19. EIS-0463-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Supplement to the...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    EIS-0463-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Supplement to the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Northern Pass Transmission Line Project, New Hampshire EPA announced the ...

  20. EIS-0288-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Supplemental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0288-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft ... For more information: http:energy.govnode299827. Download Document EIS-0288-S1: EPA ...

  1. EIS-0433-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0433-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact ...

  2. EIS-0423-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0423-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact ...

  3. Corporate planning for compliance with EPA`s proposed risk management program rule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mannan, M.; Keeney, R.C.

    1995-12-31

    On October 20, 1993, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published in the Federal Register the proposed rule entitled Risk Management Programs for Chemical Accidental Release Prevention (40 CFR 68). Subsequently, on January 31, 1994, EPA published in the Federal Register the finalized list of 77 regulated toxic substances and 63 regulated flammable substances that are to be covered under the rule along with the associated threshold quantities for each substance. This list of substances will dictate which stationary sources will have to comply with the requirements of the proposed risk management program rule. The risk management program rule will most likely be finalized sometime after mid-1995. Covered facilities will then have a total of three years to achieve complete compliance with the requirements of the rule. This paper presents an approach for corporations with multiple sites to develop action plans for implementation of the risk management program rule. The process starts with a determination of which facilities are potentially covered, development of a matrix of requirements that each facility must comply with, and finally, common strategies that may be used in achieving compliance. Thus, a multi-facility corporation can develop a baseline compliance guideline document that individual plants can use in developing and implementing their risk management programs.

  4. Voluntary Environmental auditing in light of EPA`s criminal enforcement initiatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buehler, D.C.; Sarlo, C.H.

    1995-12-01

    With the advent and encouragement of recent initiatives by EPA and state environmental regulators for the development and use by business entities of voluntary environmental compliance and audit programs has come an increased concern over the potential for criminal prosecution of individuals charged with the responsibility for ensuring environmental compliance. With the EPA avoiding the issue of whether audit findings will be used as evidence in a joint civil and criminal investigation (i.e., multi-media inspection), a sense of heightened concern has been prevalent in the regulated community. This paper will address the use of audit methodologies that incorporate law enforcement/criminal investigatory techniques as well as suggested attorney-client reporting structure that should be applied in auditing in order to prevent/mitigate the potential for criminal enforcement actions. The goals of the paper are to enable both corporate compliance managers and environmental auditors to be aware of the potential pitfalls and/or liabilities associated with compliance audit findings. Additionally, to educate auditors on when and how to take further steps, through the use of investigatory interviewing techniques, in order to develop answers to questionable data and/or confirm findings of the environmental audit to avoid civil and criminal penalties. The goals of an environment audit should be to avoid both civil and criminal prosecution through the advanced identification of liabilities and the subsequent development of protocols to achieve compliance. However, oftentimes the use of a pre-established {open_quotes}checklist.

  5. Notification for Underground Storage Tanks (EPA Form 7530-1)...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Notification for Underground Storage Tanks (EPA Form 7530-1) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: Notification for Underground Storage Tanks...

  6. Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar: EPA Clean Power Plan: What Tribes...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    November 18, 2015 11:00AM to 12:30PM MST The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will present on the final rule for the Clean Power Plan and the proposed Federal Plan and...

  7. Team Up Now for the 2015 EPA National Building Competition!

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Registration for the 2015 EPA National Building Competition opens in January. Don't wait until the last minute to set up your winning team or start assembling your energy-saving playbook! Join us...

  8. Tribal EPA 22nd Annual Region 9 Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This year marks the 22nd anniversary of the Annual Tribal/EPA Conference. For the past 22 years, the annual conference has been an important opportunity for partnership and ongoing collaboration...

  9. EIS-0473: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO2 Capture and Sequestration Project, Fort Bend County, TX EPA announces the availability of the W.A. Parish Post-Combusion CO2 W.A. Parish ...

  10. DOE Assistance on EPA MATS Rule and CSAPR Implementation Options

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is offering technical assistance to state public utility commissioners, generation owner/operators, and utilities on implementing the new and pending EPA air...

  11. EPA Diesel Rule and the Sulfur Effects (DECSE) Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-05-08

    The VT program collaborated with industry stakeholders and the EPA (in an effort initiated in 1998 called Diesel Emission Control – Sulfur Effects study, otherwise known as DECSE) to quantify the effects of fuel sulfur on emission control technologies.

  12. EPA Catalog of Federal Funding Sources for Watershed Protection...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Catalog of Federal Funding Sources for Watershed Protection Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA Catalog of Federal Funding Sources for...

  13. RCRA Notification of Regulated Waste Activity (EPA Form 8700...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Notification of Regulated Waste Activity (EPA Form 8700-12) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: RCRA Notification of Regulated Waste Activity...

  14. Title 40 CFR 270: EPA Administered Programs: The Hazardous Waste...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    270: EPA Administered Programs: The Hazardous Waste Program Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Title 40 CFR...

  15. EPA Citizens Guide to Hazardous Waste Permitting Process | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Citizens Guide to Hazardous Waste Permitting Process Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA Citizens Guide to Hazardous Waste Permitting...

  16. 2012 Fuel Economy of New Vehicles Sets Record High: EPA

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reported that model year 2012 vehicles achieved an all-time high fuel economy average of 23.6 miles per gallon.

  17. http://www.epa.gov/climateleaders/smallbiz/footprint.html

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    What Do I Do Next? Join the Climate Leaders Small Business Network to set a goal, share ... 2010 Page 2 of 2 How to Calculate your Carbon Footprint | Climate Leaders | US EPA 514

  18. EIS-0419: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    75-megawatt Wind Turbine Facility, City of White Salmon, Skamania County, WA EIS-0419-NOA-DEIS-2010.pdf More Documents & Publications EIS-0456: EPA Notice of Availability of the...

  19. EPA EPCRA Section 304 Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Section 304 Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA EPCRA Section 304 Website Abstract This website explains Emergency Planning...

  20. EPA - NPDES Permit Writers Manual | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Permit Writers Manual Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA - NPDES Permit Writers Manual Abstract This manual provides an overview of...

  1. EPA Final Ground Water Rule Available Online, 3/07

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On November 8, 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a final Ground Water Rule (GWR) to promote increased protection against microbial pathogens that may be present in...

  2. EPA - Permit Applications and Forms webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Forms webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA - Permit Applications and Forms webpage Abstract This webpage provides the...

  3. EPA Class V Permitting Authorities Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Authorities Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA Class V Permitting Authorities Website Abstract Provides overview of Class V...

  4. DOE and EPA Release 2012 Annual Fuel Economy Guide

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are releasing the 2012 Fuel Economy Guide, providing consumers with information that can help...

  5. U.S. EPA Region 10 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for U.S. EPA Region 10 Citation United States Environmental Protection Agency....

  6. EIS-0399: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Montana Alberta Tie Ltd. 230-kV Transmission Line Montana Alberta Tie Ltd. 230-kV transmission line...

  7. Three State Capitals to Receive Green Design Assistance from EPA

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on January 9 announced urban planning design assistance to help the capital cities of Michigan, Washington, and Wisconsin develop greener designs, including the use of renewable energy technologies.

  8. EIS-0403: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Programmatic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of the Interior's Bureau of Land Management are Joint Lead Agencies. EIS-0403-EPA-NOA-FEIS-2012.pdf More Documents & Publications...

  9. Proposed EPA Rules Will Cut Carbon Pollution While Maintaining...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Watch a video that explains how EPA's Clean Power Plan works. See the projected public health benefits of the Clean Power Plan, including fewer asthma attacks, missed work days and ...

  10. Sole Source Aquifer Protection Program (EPA) | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Sole Source Aquifer Protection Program (EPA) Section 1424(e) of the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-523, 42 U.S.C. 300 et. seq) authorizes the U.S. Environmental ...

  11. EIS-0523: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Programmatic Environment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    For more information, see: http:energy.govnode1627056. EIS-0523DPEISEPANOA2016.pdf (192.33 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0288-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of ...

  12. EIS-0447: EPA Notice of Availability Final Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Review Period Ends: 09152014. EIS-0447-FEIS-EPANOA-2014.pdf (54.65 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0288-S1: Revision to EPA Notice of Availability Draft Supplemental ...

  13. EIS-0473: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0473-FEIS-EPANOA-2013.pdf (194.56 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0433-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement ...

  14. National radiation exposures and risks caused by implementing EPA`s proposed revised national primary drinking water regulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, S.C.; Rowe, M.D.; Holtzman, S.; Meinhold, A.F.

    1993-05-01

    This report estimates risks to workers and the public associated with treatment processes and their associated waste products that would be mandated under proposed regulations of radium, radon, and uranium in drinking water. Three scenarios were examined: (1) all wastes flushed to the sanitary sewer; (2) all wastes disposed on land; (3) similar to (2) but radon removal by granulated activated carbon rather than packed tower aeration. Risks considered included accidental injury and cancer. Worker risks for both scenarios I and II were estimated to be 0.025 and 0.01 deaths per year of operation for radium-226 and radium-228, respectively. Worker risks for uranium were estimated to be 0.13 deaths/year of operation for scenario I and 0.5 deaths/year of operation for scenario II. Worker risks for radon removal were estimated to be 1.7 deaths/year of operation for scenario I and 2.2 deaths/year of operation for scenario II. Risks to the public for scenarios I and II for radium-226 were 4 {times} 10{sup {minus}4} and for radium-228 were 9 {times} 10{sup {minus}5} deaths/year of operation. Risks to the public for scenarios I and II for uranium were 7.3 {times} 10{sup {minus}2} and 2 {times} 10{sup {minus}4}, respectively. Risks to the public for scenario I and II for radon were 24 deaths/year of operation and for scenario III were nil. Public risks were quantified only for people exposed during a year of operation. For example, effects of public exposures in future years via groundwater contamination associated with landfill of treatment waste were not considered.

  15. Energy Secretary Chu, EPA Administrator Jackson, Washington State Governor

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Gregoire and Oregon Governor Kulongoski Join Elected Officials in Announcing Agreement on New Commitments for Hanford Cleanup | Department of Energy Chu, EPA Administrator Jackson, Washington State Governor Gregoire and Oregon Governor Kulongoski Join Elected Officials in Announcing Agreement on New Commitments for Hanford Cleanup Energy Secretary Chu, EPA Administrator Jackson, Washington State Governor Gregoire and Oregon Governor Kulongoski Join Elected Officials in Announcing Agreement

  16. Congress ends session with a whimper, but EPA is roaring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Begley, R.

    1994-10-19

    The end of session for Congress (October 1994) marked a disturbing end for environmental concerns which did not see Congressional action. EPA`s agenda of worker protection, chemical monitoring and criminal enforcement will most likely resurface. Legislation that died included Superfund reform, Clean Water Act and Product liability. However, NAFTA got passed, as did a hazardous materials transportation reauthorization and risk assessment in an agricultural bill.

  17. EIS-0491: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0491: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Lake Charles Liquefaction Project, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana The Environmental Protection Agency issued a notice of availability of a Draft EIS prepared by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (with DOE as a cooperating agency) that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to construct and

  18. EIS-0515: EPA Notice of Availability of Supplemental Draft Environmental

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Impact Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0515: EPA Notice of Availability of Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement Bay Delta Conservation Plan; Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California The Environmental Protection Agency announced the availability of a Supplemental Draft EIS/EIR for the Bay Delta Conservation Plan. For more information on this project, see the project page:

  19. EPA Mobile Source Rule Update | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Mobile Source Rule Update EPA Mobile Source Rule Update 2003 DEER Conference Presentation: U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program deer_2003_charmley.pdf (847.05 KB) More Documents & Publications EPA Diesel Update Technical Challenges and Opportunities Light-Duty Diesel Engines in North America Development on simultaneous reduction system of NOx and PM from a diesel engine

  20. EIS-0474: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0474: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement Southline Transmission Line Project; Arizona and New Mexico The Bureau of Land Management and Western Area Power Administration announced the availability of a final EIS that evaluates the potential environmental impacts of the proposed Southline Transmission Project and addresses associated potential land use plan

  1. EIS-0486: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0486: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission Project EPA announces the availability of a final EIS that evaluates the potential environmental impacts of DOE participating with Clean Line Energy Partners LLC (Clean Line) in the proposed Plains & Eastern Project. The proposed Project would include an overhead ± 600-kilovolt

  2. EIS-0503: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0503: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement New England Clean Power Link, Vermont DOE prepared this Final EIS to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of a DOE proposal to grant a Presidential permit to Transmission Developers, Inc.-New England, to construct, operate, maintain, and connect a new 1000-megawatt electric transmission system across the

  3. SUSTAINABILITY NEWS Three Sites win EPA Federal Green Challenge Awards

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Three Sites win EPA Federal Green Challenge Awards DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), and East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) were all recognized by EPA's Federal Green Challenge for their 2012 accomplishments. NREL won a national award for Improvement in Purchasing for their Green Cleaning Plan, which uses 100 percent bio-based cleaning products. BNL and ETTP each won regional awards for Purchasing and Water & Innovation, respectively.

  4. Integrated Engine and Aftertreatment Technology Roadmap for EPA 2010

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Heavy-duty Emissions Regulations | Department of Energy Engine and Aftertreatment Technology Roadmap for EPA 2010 Heavy-duty Emissions Regulations Integrated Engine and Aftertreatment Technology Roadmap for EPA 2010 Heavy-duty Emissions Regulations 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters 2005_deer_aneja.pdf (810.94 KB) More Documents & Publications Future Diesel Engine Thermal Efficiency Improvement andn Emissions Control Technology Thermal

  5. Integrated Vehicle and Powertrain Technology for EPA 2010 and Beyond |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Vehicle and Powertrain Technology for EPA 2010 and Beyond Integrated Vehicle and Powertrain Technology for EPA 2010 and Beyond Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT). deer07_aneja.pdf (2.21 MB) More Documents & Publications Technical Demonstration of 2010

  6. Permitting: Lessons from a case study--the U.S. EPA`s Wood Products Enforcement Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Umberger, N.,

    1995-12-01

    U.S. EPA`s Wood Products Initiative has resulted in the settlement with Louisiana-Pacific (L-P) for over eleven million dollars in fines and much more in expenditures for corporate environmental improvements. EPA claimed that L-P`s corporate environmental structure inadequately addressed the environmental requirements of the Clean Air Act. L-P failed to obtain the necessary permits and provide the permitting authorities with accurate and complete information on air emissions. The author concentrates on the steps companies must follow to ensure that adequate permitting is obtained. The paper states clearly the expectations EPA has of permitting authorities and permit applicants. A checklist of criteria necessary to avoid permitting dilemmas is presented, along with practical advice for environmental managers responsible for permitting and interactions with regulatory authorities. The steps of source identification, emissions quantification, control technology selection, and permit completion are detailed.

  7. Statement from Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz on Proposed New EPA Rules for Existing Power Plants

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz's statement on the EPA's proposed new rules for existing power plants.

  8. Un~ted States Env~ronmental Monltor~ng EPA.600 '4-88, 021 Envtronmental Protect~on Systems Laboratory DOE/OP/00539/060

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Env~ronmental Monltor~ng EPA.600 '4-88, 021 Envtronmental Protect~on Systems Laboratory DOE/OP/00539/060 Agency P 0. Box 93478 June 1988 Las Vegas NV 89193-5478 Research and Development Off-Site Environmental Monitoring Report Radiation Monitoring Around United States 1 ' 7 L 8 f Nuclear Test Areas This page intentionally left blank EPA-60014-88-021 DOE/DPI0053?-060 May 1988 OFF-SITE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT R a d i a t i o n M o n i t o r i n g Around U n i t e d States Nuclear Test

  9. PPPL earns top EPA award | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PPPL earns top EPA award By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe March 14, 2013 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook The demolition and sale of the C-Site motor generators yielded over 4 million pounds of metal. The recycling of the metal was a big factor in PPPL winning the 2012 EPA WasteWise Program's Federal Partner of the Year. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of Communications ) The demolition and sale of the C-Site motor generators yielded over 4 million pounds of metal. The recycling of the

  10. PPPL earns top EPA award | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PPPL earns top EPA award By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe March 14, 2013 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook The demolition and sale of the C-Site motor generators yielded over 4 million pounds of metal. The recycling of the metal was a big factor in PPPL winning the 2012 EPA WasteWise Program's Federal Partner of the Year. (Photo by Elle Starkman/PPPL Office of Communications) The demolition and sale of the C-Site motor generators yielded over 4 million pounds of metal. The recycling of the

  11. EIS-0375: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0375: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement Disposal of Greater-than-Class-C (GTCC) Low-Level Radioactive Waste and GTCC-Like Waste The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announces the availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Disposal of Greater-Than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste and GTCC-Like Waste (DOE/EIS-0375). Document

  12. Energy Efficiency Wins Top Prize at EPA App Contest

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The winner of best overall app at the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Apps for the Environment is called Light Bulb Finder, a free iOS and Android application that helps a user choose the energy efficient bulbs that best match their home’s current lighting conditions.

  13. EPA Environmental Justice Collaborative Problem-Solving Cooperative Agreement RFP

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a request for proposals for the Environmental Justice Collaborative Problem-Solving (EJCPS) Cooperative Agreement to support community-based organization to collaborate and partner with industry, government, academia, and other stakeholders to develop and implement solutions that address local environmental and public health issues.

  14. EPA Webinar: An Introduction to Community Solar Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Green Power Partnership will host a webinar examining the community solar model, which is an emerging model allowing customers to buy, lease, or subscribe to a portion of a shared solar system that is located away from their home or business.

  15. The role of EPA`s Acid Rain Division in the Ozone Transport Commission`s NOx budget program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schary, C.; Culligan, K.

    1997-12-31

    The Ozone Transport Commission`s (OTC) Nitrogen Oxides (NO{sub x}) Budget Program will implement the emissions reduction goal of the 1994 Memorandum of Understanding between its twelve member states and the District of Columbia. The program will achieve its significant NO{sub x} reductions from electric utilities and industrial boilers using a {open_quotes}cap-and-trade{close_quotes} approach modeled after the US Environmental Protection Agency`s sulfur dioxide emissions trading under the Acid Rain Program. The similarity of the two programs has led to the development of an important partnership between the OTC states and EPA`s Acid Rain Division, Over the past two years, Acid Rain Program staff have shared their technical expertise and assisted extensively in the development of the program`s rules. Leveraging the investment EPA made in the systems used to run the Acid Rain Program, the OTC states have asked the Acid Rain Division to administer the data systems for them, and together are working to expand its existing Emissions Tracking System and to modify a clone of the sulfur dioxide Allowance Tracking System, to fulfill the unique requirements of the NO{sub x} Budget Program. This partnership is an important example of the new type of cooperation and sharing of expertise and resources that should develop between EPA and states as they launch multi-state programs to address regional pollution problems that defy a single-state solution.

  16. DOE/EIS-0463 and EIS-0463-S1: EPA Notice of Public Comment Period...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOEEIS-0463 and EIS-0463-S1: EPA Notice of Public Comment Period Extension DOEEIS-0463 and EIS-0463-S1: EPA Notice of Public Comment Period Extension Northern Pass Transmission...

  17. 2012 Fuel Economy of New Vehicles Sets Record High: EPA | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2012 Fuel Economy of New Vehicles Sets Record High: EPA 2012 Fuel Economy of New Vehicles Sets Record High: EPA December 18, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis The U.S. Environmental...

  18. Ohio, et al. v. EPA, Order of Stay | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ohio, et al. v. EPA, Order of Stay Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal CaseHearing: Ohio, et al. v. EPA, Order of StayLegal Abstract US Sixth...

  19. RCRA Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest (EPA Form 8700-22) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest (EPA Form 8700-22) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: RCRA Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest (EPA Form...

  20. EPA and DOE Honor 2016 Energy Star Partners of the Year for Outstandin...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    March 29, 2016 - 2:57pm Addthis EPA NEWS MEDIA CONTACT Enesta Jones Jones.enesta@epa.gov ... Depot developed and implemented a new sales strategy that resulted in a significant ...

  1. DOE/EIS-0463 and EIS-0463-S1: EPA Notice of Public Comment Period...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOEEIS-0463 and EIS-0463-S1: EPA Notice of Public Comment Period Extension Northern Pass Transmission Line Project, New Hampshire EPA announces that DOE has extended the public ...

  2. DOE Refers Two ENERGY STAR Models to EPA for Potential De-Listing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Two ENERGY STAR Models to EPA for Potential De-Listing DOE Refers Two ENERGY STAR Models to EPA for Potential De-Listing January 11, 2012 - 11:00am Addthis U.S. Department of...

  3. EIS-0387: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0387: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Y-12 National Security Complex Project, Oak Ridge, Tennessee EIS-0387-DEIS-EPANOA-2009.pdf (134.82 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0391: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0374: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0236-S4: EPA Notice of Availability of the

  4. EIS-0433-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy 3-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0433-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Keystone XL Project EPA announces the availability fo the Keystone XL Project Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement. EIS-0433-S1-DSEIS-EPANOA-2013.pdf (194.56 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0451: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft

  5. EIS-0451: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0451: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement Hooper Springs Transmission Project, Caribou County, Idaho EPA announces the availability of the Hooper Springs Project, Caribou County, Idaho Draft Environmental Impact Statement. EIS-0451-DEIS-EPANOA-2013.pdf (194.56 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0433-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft

  6. EIS-0472: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Impact Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0472: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Uranium Leasing Program, Mesa, Montrose, and San Miguel Counties, Colorado EPA announces the availability of the Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Uranium Leasing Program. EIS-0472-DEIS-EPA-NOA-2013.pdf (193.5 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0441:

  7. Development of adjustment factors for the EPA city and highway MPG values

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hellman, K.H.; Murrell, J.D.

    1984-01-01

    This paper describes the development of adjustment factors applicable to the EPA City and Highway MPG values. The paper discusses the data bases used, and the analytical methods employed to arrive at adjustment factors of 0.90 for the EPA City MPG value and 0.78 for the EPA Highway MPG value.

  8. Lesson 4 - Ionizing Radiation | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 - Ionizing Radiation Lesson 4 - Ionizing Radiation Lesson Three showed that unstable isotopes emit energy as they become more stable. This energy is known as radiation. This lesson explores forms of radiation, where radiation is found, how we detect and measure radiation, what sources of radiation people are exposed to, whether radiation is harmful, and how we can limit our exposure. Specific topics covered in this lesson include: Types of radiation Non-ionizing Ionizing Forms of ionizing

  9. ORISE: EPA recognizes ORISE as Federal Green Challenge award winner

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ORISE recognized by EPA as Federal Green Challenge award winner Improvements in water consumption and electronics recycling noted FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE June 18, 2014 FY14-48 OAK RIDGE, Tenn.-The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), managed by ORAU for the Department of Energy, received a 2014 Federal Green Challenge award from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for improving its water consumption levels and its electronic sustainability and recycling efforts in 2013 by

  10. SUSTAINABILITY NEWS EPA's 2013 Federal Electronics Challenge Accepting Nominations

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    EPA's 2013 Federal Electronics Challenge Accepting Nominations Nominations are currently being accepted for the Environmental Protection Agency's 2013 Federal Electronics Challenge (FEC). The FEC recognizes teams and individuals from across the Federal government who demonstrate a commitment to electronic stewardship through sustainable purchasing, management, and disposal of electronic assets. Last year, DOE won one-third of all FEC awards. The deadline for nominations is January 31, 2013. For

  11. EPA and the Federal Technology Transfer Act: Opportunity knocks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gatchett, A.M.; Fradkin, L.; Moore, M.; Gorman, T.; Ehrlich, A.

    1990-12-31

    In 1986, the Federal Technology Transfer Act (FTTA) was established to promote a closer, collaborative relationship between federal government agencies and the private sector. With the increasing need for new cost-effective technologies to prevent and control pollution, both the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and private industry are encouraged to facilitate the transfer of knowledge and technology under this Act. The FTTA removed several of the legal and institutional barriers to cooperative research that existed before the Act`s passage. Through the FTTA, the government strives to promote the movement of its products, processes, skills, and knowledge into the private sector for further development and commercialization by encouraging the exchange of technical personnel and the sharing of facilities and other resources. Collaborative efforts between industry, federal agencies, and academia are made possible through cooperative research and development agreements (CRADAs). Forty-two CRADAs and five licensing agreements have been initiated with EPA under this program. This paper provides an overview of this new and innovative program within the EPA. 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  12. 10 CFR 835- Occupational Radiation Protection

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The rules in this part establish radiation protection standards, limits, and program requirements for protecting individuals from ionizing radiation resulting from the conduct of DOE activities.

  13. Selective radiative heating of nanostructures using hyperbolic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    to break the diffraction limit for imaging and enhance near-field radiative heat transfer. ... Our result can find applications in radiative thermal management. Authors: Ding, Ding 1 ...

  14. Verification of EPA's ''Preliminary Remediation Goals for radionuclides'' (PRG) electronic calculator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jannik, Tim; Stagich, Brooke

    2015-08-28

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requested an external, independent verification study of their updated “Preliminary Remediation Goals for Radionuclides” (PRG) electronic calculator. The calculator provides PRGs for radionuclides that are used as a screening tool at Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) sites. These risk-based PRGs establish concentration limits under specific exposure scenarios. The purpose of this verification study is to determine that the calculator has no inherit numerical problems with obtaining solutions as well as to ensure that the equations are programmed correctly. There are 167 equations used in the calculator. To verify the calculator, all equations for each of seven receptor types (resident, construction worker, outdoor and indoor worker, recreator, farmer, and composite worker) were hand calculated using the default parameters. The same four radionuclides (Am-241, Co-60, H-3, and Pu-238) were used for each calculation for consistency throughout.

  15. Application of EPA regulations to low-level radioactive waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowerman, B.S.; Piciulo, P.L.

    1985-01-01

    The survey reported here was conducted with the intent of identifying categories of low-level radioactive wastes which would be classified under EPA regulations 40 CFR Part 261 as hazardous due to the chemical properties of the waste. Three waste types are identified under these criteria as potential radioactive mixed wastes: wastes containing organic liquids; wastes containing lead metal; and wastes containing chromium. The survey also indicated that certain wastes, specific to particular generators, may also be radioactive mixed wastes. Ultimately, the responsibility for determining whether a facility's wastes are mixed wastes rest with the generator. However, the uncertainties as to which regulations are applicable, and the fact that no legal definition of mixed wastes exists, make such a determination difficult. In addition to identifying mixed wastes, appropriate methods for the management of mixed wastes must be defined. In an ongoing study, BNL is evaluating options for the management of mixed wastes. These options will include segregation, substitution, and treatments to reduce or eliminate chemical hazards associated with the wastes listed above. The impacts of the EPA regulations governing hazardous wastes on radioactive mixed waste cannot be assessed in detail until the applicability of these regulations is agreed upon. This issue is still being discussed by EPA and NRC and should be resolved in the near future. Areas of waste management which may affect generators of mixed wastes include: monitoring/tracking of wastes before shipment; chemical testing of wastes; permits for treatment of storage of wastes; and additional packaging requirements. 3 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  16. Dose Limits

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Dose Limits ERAD (Question Posted to ERAD in May 2012) Who do you define as a member of the public for the onsite MEI? This question implies that there may be more than one maximally exposed individual (MEI), one on-site and one off-site, when demonstrating compliance with the Public Dose Limit of DOE Order 458.1. Although all potential MEIs should be considered and documented, as well as the calculated doses and pathways considered, the intent of DOE Order 458.1 is in fact to ultimately identify only one MEI, a theoretical individual who could be either on-site or off-site.

  17. Alpha Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Basics of Radiation Gamma Radiation and X-Rays Beta Radiation Alpha Radiation Irradiation Radioactive Contamination Definitions Detection Measurement Safety Around Radiation Sources Types of Radiation Exposure Managing Radiation Emergencies Basics of Radiation Characteristics of Alpha Radiation 1. Alpha radiation is not able to penetrate skin. 2. Alpha-emitting materials can be harmful to humans if the materials are inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed through open wounds. 3. A variety of instruments

  18. EPA issues draft general permits for industrial stormwater discharges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    EPA on Nov. 16, 1990, issued stormwater discharge regulations associated with industrial activity'' under the authority of CWA's National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES). Those regulations established NPDES permit application requirements for industrial and certain municipal separate stormwater discharge systems. Three permit application options were made available for industrial stormwater discharges -- filing an individual application, becoming a participant in a group application or filing a notice of intent to be covered under a general permit and its requirements. The Agency of Nov. 19 proposed a draft general permit for group applications. Industrial dischargers choosing the group option previously were required to file in two parts. Part 1 was due by Sept. 30, 1991, and Part 2 was due by Oct. 1, 1992. The proposed permit would apply to industrial facilities, including certain Indian lands, in selected areas of EPA Regions I, II, III, IV, VI, VIII, IX and X. The permit would cover industrial stormwater discharges to US waters, and would include discharges transmitted through large, medium-sized and other municipal separate storm sewer systems.

  19. Introduction to benchmark dose methods and U.S. EPA's benchmark dose software (BMDS) version 2.1.1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, J. Allen; Gift, Jeffrey S.; Zhao, Q. Jay

    2011-07-15

    Traditionally, the No-Observed-Adverse-Effect-Level (NOAEL) approach has been used to determine the point of departure (POD) from animal toxicology data for use in human health risk assessments. However, this approach is subject to substantial limitations that have been well defined, such as strict dependence on the dose selection, dose spacing, and sample size of the study from which the critical effect has been identified. Also, the NOAEL approach fails to take into consideration the shape of the dose-response curve and other related information. The benchmark dose (BMD) method, originally proposed as an alternative to the NOAEL methodology in the 1980s, addresses many of the limitations of the NOAEL method. It is less dependent on dose selection and spacing, and it takes into account the shape of the dose-response curve. In addition, the estimation of a BMD 95% lower bound confidence limit (BMDL) results in a POD that appropriately accounts for study quality (i.e., sample size). With the recent advent of user-friendly BMD software programs, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (U.S. EPA) Benchmark Dose Software (BMDS), BMD has become the method of choice for many health organizations world-wide. This paper discusses the BMD methods and corresponding software (i.e., BMDS version 2.1.1) that have been developed by the U.S. EPA, and includes a comparison with recently released European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) BMD guidance.

  20. Testing of a Continuous Sampling Mercury CEM at the EPA-Rotary Kiln Incinerator Simulator Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.P. Baldwin; S.J. Bajic; D.E. Eckels; D.S. Zamzow

    2002-04-12

    This report has been prepared to document the performance of the continuous sampling mercury monitoring system developed by Ames Laboratory for use as a continuous emission monitor (CEM). This work was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management, Office of Science and Technology, through the Mixed Waste Focus Area. The purpose of the project is to develop instrumentation and methods for spectroscopic field-monitoring applications. During FY01 this included continued development and testing of an echelle spectrometer system for the detection of mercury (Hg) by atomic absorption. Due to the relatively poor limits of detection for Hg by optical emission techniques, the CEM has been designed for the detection of elemental Hg by optical absorption. The sampling system allows continuous introduction of stack gas into the CEM for analysis of elemental and total Hg in the gas stream. A heated pyrolysis tube is used in this system to convert oxidized Hg compounds to elemental Hg prior to analysis for total Hg. The pyrolysis tube is bypassed to measure elemental Hg. The CEM is designed to measure the elemental Hg concentration of the gas sample, measure the total Hg concentration, perform a zero check (analysis of room air), and then re-zero the system (to correct for any instrumental drift that occurs over time). This is done in an automated, sequential measurement cycle to provide continuous monitoring of Hg concentrations in the stack gas. The continuous sampling Hg CEM was tested at the EPA-Rotary Kiln in Durham, NC at the beginning of FY02. This report describes the characteristics and performance of the system and the results of the field tests performed at EPA. The Hg CEM system was developed in response to the need of DOE and other organizations to monitor Hg that may be released during the processing or combustion of hazardous or mixed-waste materials. The promulgation of regulations limiting the release of Hg and requiring continuous

  1. U.S. EPA, DOE Announce Changes to Bolster ENERGY STAR Program | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy EPA, DOE Announce Changes to Bolster ENERGY STAR Program U.S. EPA, DOE Announce Changes to Bolster ENERGY STAR Program April 14, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy today jointly announced changes to the ENERGY STAR® product certification process to ensure that only products meeting the ENERGY STAR® requirements can receive an ENERGY STAR® label. These changes accelerate steps DOE and EPA have initiated

  2. Fact #651: November 29, 2010 Hybrid Vehicles Dominate EPA's Top Ten Fuel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sippers List for 2011 | Department of Energy 1: November 29, 2010 Hybrid Vehicles Dominate EPA's Top Ten Fuel Sippers List for 2011 Fact #651: November 29, 2010 Hybrid Vehicles Dominate EPA's Top Ten Fuel Sippers List for 2011 Each year, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) produces a list of the top ten most fuel efficient vehicles for the model year. In past years, it was the small, lightweight vehicles that achieved the highest ratings. However, in recent years, hybrid vehicle

  3. EIS-0361: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Statement | Department of Energy 1: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0361: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Western Greenbrier Co-Production Demonstration Project Notices of Availability Western Greenbrier Co-Production Demonstration Project Final Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS-0361 (72FR63579) (11/09/07) (47.94 KB) More Documents & Publications EIS-0361: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft

  4. EIS-0408: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Impact Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0408: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Upper Great Plains Wind Energy Programmatic EIS EPA announces the availabilty of the Upper Great Plains Programmatic Wind Project Programmatic EIS, that is being prepared jointly by DOE's Western Area Power Administration and the Department of the Interior's Fish and Wildlife

  5. EIS-0423: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy : EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0423: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Long -Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury Storage Project, Designate a Facility or Facilities for Mercy Storage, Seven Alternative Sites, Colorado, Idaho, Missouri, Nevada, South Carolina, and Washington Download Document EIS-0423: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact

  6. EIS-0440: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy 0: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0440: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement Quartzsite Solar Energy Project, La Paz County, AZ EPA announces the availability of the Quartzsite Solar Energy Project, La Paz County, AZ FEIS. This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of interconnecting a proposed 100-megawatt concentrating solar power plant to Western's Bouse-Kofa 161-kilovolt

  7. EIS-0423-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental Environmental

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Impact Statement | Department of Energy Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0423-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Long-Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury EPA announces the availability of the Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for Long-Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury. Download Document EIS-0423-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement

  8. EIS-0288-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental Environmental

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Impact Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0288-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Production of Tritium in a Commercial Light Water Reactor EPA announces the availability of the Production of Tritium in a Commercial Light Water Reactor (CLWR) Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement. For more information: http://energy.gov/node/299827.

  9. EIS-0463-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Supplement to the Draft

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy -S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Supplement to the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0463-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Supplement to the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Northern Pass Transmission Line Project, New Hampshire EPA announced the availability of the Supplement to the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (Supplement) for the Northern Pass Transmission Line Project. The Supplement analyzes a new alternative

  10. EIS-0526: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0526: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Lower Yellowstone Intake Diversion Dam Fish Passage Project; near Glendive, Montana EPA issued a notice of availability for a Draft EIS, prepared by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Bureau of Reclamation as joint lead agencies, for the Lower Yellowstone Intake Diversion Dam Fish Passage Project. DOE's

  11. EIS-0527: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Impact Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0527: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Central United States EPA announces the availability of the Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Central United States. For

  12. LANSCE Beam Current Limiter (XL)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gallegos, F.R.; Hall, M.J.

    1997-01-01

    The Radiation Security System (RSS) at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) is an engineered safety system that provides personnel protection from prompt radiation due to accelerated proton beams. The Beam Current Limiter (XL), as an active component of the RSS, limits the maximum average current in a beamline, thus the current available for a beam spill accident. Exceeding the pre-set limit initiates action by the RSS to mitigate the hazard (insertion of beam stoppers in the low energy beam transport). The beam limiter is an electrically isolated, toroidal transformer and associated electronics. The device was designed to continuously monitor beamline currents independent of any external timing. Fail-safe operation was a prime consideration in its development. Fail-safe operation is defined as functioning as intended (due to redundant circuitry), functioning with a more sensitive fault threshold, or generating a fault condition. This report describes the design philosophy, hardware, implementation, operation, and limitations of the device.

  13. EIS-0403-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of the Supplement to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of the Supplement to the Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0403-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of the Supplement to the Draft Programmatic Environmental...

  14. EIS-0423-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0423-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Draft...

  15. EPA and DOE Join States to Speed Energy Efficiency Progress in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    energy efficiency is action number one. We can cut greenhouse gases and protect our environment while we save money for homeowners, schools and businesses," said EPA...

  16. Summary of EPA Final Rules for Air Toxic Standards for Industrial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    This summary of EPA Final Rules for Air Toxic Standards for Industrial, Commercial, and ... December 2012 Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance - ...

  17. EIS-0458: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Draft EPA/EIS No. 20110087, Topaz Solar Farm Project, Issuing a Loan Guarantee to Royal Bank of Scotland for Construction and Startup, San Luis Obispo County, CA

  18. EPA's Clean Power Plan to Fight Climate Change and Build the...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    carbon pollution from existing power plants, in the video above. | Video courtesy of ... About 40 percent of America's carbon pollution comes from power plants. EPA's Clean Power ...

  19. Microsoft PowerPoint - P&RA CoP EPA optimization Biggs final...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ...Biggs703-823-3081biggs.kirby@epa.gov * Regional management involved in optimization * ... * Historical information and data * Geology, hydrogeology, chemistry, operations * ...

  20. EPA Tribal Training and Outreach Support for the American Indian Air Quality Training Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is accepting applications to provide training, and technical and outreach support for the American Indian Air Quality Training Program.

  1. EIS-0283-S2: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    on this project, see the project webpage: http:energy.govnode299815. Download Document EIS-0283-S2: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact...

  2. Understanding, Developing, and Implementing an EPA-Tribal Environmental Plan Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this webinar, attendees will learn why an EPA-Tribal Environmental Plan can keep programs on track and maximize the use of available resources.

  3. EIS-0433-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Availability of Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Keystone XL Pipeline SEIS (Montana, South Dakota, and Nebraska) EPA announces the availability of the...

  4. EIS-0350-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Impact Statement EIS-0350-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Nuclear Facility Portion of the Chemistry and Metallurgy...

  5. ENERGY STAR Webinar - Update: EPA's Research into a Potential 1-100 Water

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Score for Multifamily Housing | Department of Energy Webinar - Update: EPA's Research into a Potential 1-100 Water Score for Multifamily Housing ENERGY STAR Webinar - Update: EPA's Research into a Potential 1-100 Water Score for Multifamily Housing August 30, 2016 2:00PM to 3:30PM EDT Hosted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) ENERGY STAR, this webinar will cover research and findings to date on the water use for multifamily properties. EPA will solicit your input on some

  6. EIS-0458: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Final EPA/EIS No. 20110087, Topaz Solar Farm Project, Issuing a Loan Guarantee to Royal Bank of Scotland for Construction and Startup, San Luis Obispo County, CA

  7. EIS-0288-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of Final Supplemental...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Production of Tritium in a Commercial Light Water Reactor EPA announces the availability of the Production of Tritium in a Commercial Light Water Reactor (CLWR) Final Supplemental ...

  8. EIS-0288-S1: Revision to EPA Notice of Availability Draft Supplemental...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIS-0288-S1: Revision to EPA Notice of Availability Draft Supplemental Environmental ... For more information: http:energy.govnode299827 Download Document EIS-0288-S1: ...

  9. Approaches to cancer assessment in EPA's Integrated Risk Information System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gehlhaus, Martin W.; Gift, Jeffrey S.; Hogan, Karen A.; Kopylev, Leonid; Schlosser, Paul M.; Kadry, Abdel-Razak

    2011-07-15

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Program develops assessments of health effects that may result from chronic exposure to chemicals in the environment. The IRIS database contains more than 540 assessments. When supported by available data, IRIS assessments provide quantitative analyses of carcinogenic effects. Since publication of EPA's 2005 Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment, IRIS cancer assessments have implemented new approaches recommended in these guidelines and expanded the use of complex scientific methods to perform quantitative dose-response assessments. Two case studies of the application of the mode of action framework from the 2005 Cancer Guidelines are presented in this paper. The first is a case study of 1,2,3-trichloropropane, as an example of a chemical with a mutagenic mode of carcinogenic action thus warranting the application of age-dependent adjustment factors for early-life exposure; the second is a case study of ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, as an example of a chemical with a carcinogenic action consistent with a nonlinear extrapolation approach. The use of physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling to quantify interindividual variability and account for human parameter uncertainty as part of a quantitative cancer assessment is illustrated using a case study involving probabilistic PBPK modeling for dichloromethane. We also discuss statistical issues in assessing trends and model fit for tumor dose-response data, analysis of the combined risk from multiple types of tumors, and application of life-table methods for using human data to derive cancer risk estimates. These issues reflect the complexity and challenges faced in assessing the carcinogenic risks from exposure to environmental chemicals, and provide a view of the current trends in IRIS carcinogenicity risk assessment.

  10. 2008-03 "Actions Regarding the EPA Stormwater Discharge Permit" |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy 3 "Actions Regarding the EPA Stormwater Discharge Permit" 2008-03 "Actions Regarding the EPA Stormwater Discharge Permit" The intent of this recommendation is to prevent any pollutant located at LANL from spreading via stormwater discharge. Rec 2008-03 - July 30, 2008 (20.36

  11. EPA Presentation: Reducing Pollution from Power Plants, October 29, 2010

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation to the Electricity Advisory Committe on October 29, 2010 by the US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Air and Radiation on Reducing Pollution from Power Plants and the need for...

  12. Using OSHA`s requirement for the revalidation of PHA`s to comply with EPA`s proposed risk management rule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Him, M.S.; Mannan, M. [RMT/Jones and Neuse, Inc., Austin, TX (United States)

    1996-11-01

    OSHA`s Process Safety Management rule not only requires the performance of process hazards analyses (PHA`s) of covered areas, but the revalidation of these PHA`s every 5 years. With the May 26, 1997 deadline for the completion of initial PHA`s nearing and the pending approval on or before March 1996 of EPA`s Risk Management Programs (RMP) for Chemical Accidental Release Prevention ({section}40 CFR 68), PSM-covered facilities must start developing plans for compliance with one or more of the requirements of these regulations. This paper discusses some of the strategies that companies falling under Tier 3 of EPA`s RMP rule may use to comply with OSHA`s revalidation of PHA`s and the upcoming EPA rule. The paper also provides details on the use of other PSM elements for PHA revalidation (such as compliance audits and management of change), the development of schedules for PHA revalidation, preparation time, the revalidation process, and the documentation/identification of RMP hazard scenarios.

  13. Using OSHA`s requirement for the revalidation of PHA`STo comply with EPA`s proposed risk management rule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Him, M.S.; Mannan, M. [RMT/Jones & Neuse, Inc., Austin, TX (United States)

    1996-08-01

    OSHA`s Process Safety Management rule not only requires the performance of process hazards analyses (PHA`s) of covered areas, but the revalidation of these PHA`s every 5 years. With the May 26, 1997 deadline for the completion of initial PHA`s nearing and the pending approval on or before March 1996 of EPA`s Risk Management Programs (RMP) for Chemical Accidental Release Prevention ({section}40 CFR 68), PSM-covered facilities must start developing plans for compliance with one or more of the requirements of these regulations. This paper discusses some of the strategies that companies falling under Tier 3 of EPA`s RMP rule may use to comply with OSHA`s revalidation of PHA`s and the upcoming EPA rule. The paper also provides details on the use of other PSM elements for PHA revalidation (such as compliance audits and management of change), the development of schedules for PHA revalidation, preparation time, the revalidation process, and the documentation/identification of RMP hazard scenarios.

  14. EIS-0473: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0473: EPA Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO2 Capture and Sequestration Project (PCCS), Fort Bend County, TX EPA Notice of Availability of the W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO2 Capture and Sequestration Project (PCCS), Fort Bend County, TX Final Environmental Impact Statement. EIS-0473-FEIS-EPANOA-2013.pdf (194.56 KB) More

  15. EIS-0470: EPA Notice of Adoption of the Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy 0: EPA Notice of Adoption of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0470: EPA Notice of Adoption of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Cape Wind Energy Project in Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts The Environmental Protection Agency's Notice, dated December 26, 2012, of DOE's adoption of the U.S. Department of the Interior's final EIS was published in the Federal Register on December 31, 2012. EIS-0470-FEIS-EPA-NOA-2012.pdf (192.06 KB) More Documents

  16. DOE Grants Funds to Ohio EPA for Portsmouth Site Cleanup Oversight |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Grants Funds to Ohio EPA for Portsmouth Site Cleanup Oversight DOE Grants Funds to Ohio EPA for Portsmouth Site Cleanup Oversight July 1, 2016 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact: Brad Mitzelfelt, 859-219-4035 brad.mitzelfelt@lex.doe.gov LEXINGTON, Ky. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced today it has awarded a grant of approximately $3 million to the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (Ohio EPA) to support ongoing oversight and monitoring of the environmental

  17. DOE/EIS-0463 and EIS-0463-S1: EPA Notice of Public Comment Period Extension

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy DOE/EIS-0463 and EIS-0463-S1: EPA Notice of Public Comment Period Extension DOE/EIS-0463 and EIS-0463-S1: EPA Notice of Public Comment Period Extension Northern Pass Transmission Line Project, New Hampshire EPA announces that DOE has extended the public comment period for the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Northern Pass Transmission Line Project (DOE/EIS-0463) to April 4, 2016. Comments submitted to DOE concerning the Northern Pass Draft EIS prior to this

  18. Code of Federal Regulations PART 835-OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    rules in this part establish radiation protection standards, limits, and program requirements for protecting individuals from ionizing radiation resulting from the conduct of DOE ...

  19. Beta Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Beta Radiation 1. Beta radiation may travel meters in air and is moderately penetrating. 2. Beta radiation can penetrate human skin to the "germinal layer," where new skin cells ...

  20. EEG operational radiation surveillance of the WIPP Project during 2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, Donald H.; Ballard, Sally C.; Channell, James K.

    2002-12-31

    The Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) has measured the levels of 241Am, 238Pu, 239/240Pu, 137Cs, and 90Sr in samples of air and water collected at and in the vicinity of the U. S. Department of Energys (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) during 2001. The WIPP received the first shipment of waste in March 1999 and became operational at that time. The EEG has compared these levels to those measured in the preoperational phase, prior to receipt of waste, as well as to the results of other monitoring organizations and to the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) dose standards established for the WIPP at 40 CFR 191, Subpart A, and, by an agreement between the DOE and the EPA, at 40 CFR 61, Subpart H. Based on these analyses and applying a t test for significant differences for normally-distributed data (Taylor 1987), or analysis of variance (ANOVA) for non-normal data, the EEG concludes that: 1. Three measurements of radionuclides in the environment around WIPP during 2001 were different from the preoperational baseline levels. Only two of these 241Am in both the Loving and WIPP3 low volume air sampler (LVAS) samples, first quarter and second quarter, respectively exceeded the minimum detectable activity (MDA). These measurements were carefully investigated, but no clearly assignable cause was discovered. No measurements of 241Am in effluent air from the WIPP underground exceeded the action level, and converting the highest LVAS measured concentration to radiation dose yielded a committed dose of much less than 1% of the limit allowable under the EPA standard. 2. Comparison of the EEGs 2001 results with those of other monitoring organizations revealed two sets of measurements which did not agree. One set 241Am in surface water was found to be in agreement with the corresponding EEG baseline. The other 90Sr in groundwater was probably a result

  1. Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar: EPA Clean Power Plan: What Tribes Need to Know

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will present on the final rule for the Clean Power Plan and the proposed Federal Plan and Model Rules with a focus on what tribes need to know.

  2. Guidance on Considering Environmental Justice During the Development of Regulatory Actions (EPA, 2015)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidance was created to ensure understanding and foster consistency with efforts across EPA’s programs and regions to consider environmental justice and make a visible difference in America’s communities.

  3. EPA ENERGY STAR Webcast: Portfolio Manager Office Hours, Focus Topic: Responding to a Data Request

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Portfolio Manager "Office Hours" is a live webinar that gives all users an opportunity to ask their questions directly to EPA in an open forum. We will plan to spend the first 20-30 minutes of each...

  4. EIS-0283-S2: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    For more information on this project, see the project webpage: http:energy.govnode299815. Download Document PDF icon EIS-0283-S2: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft...

  5. Energy and EPA Webinar Series Promotes Tribal Energy Sufficiency and Economic Development

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department's Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, Tribal Energy Program, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA's) Green Power Partnership Program, and Western Area...

  6. Understanding, Developing, and Implementing an EPA-Tribal Environmental Plan Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this webinar, attendees will learn why an EPA-Tribal Environmental Plan can keep programs on track and maximize the use of available resources. Josh Simmons, the Principal Consultant of Prosper...

  7. EPA Air Pollution and the Clean Air Act Webpage | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Air Pollution and the Clean Air Act Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA Air Pollution and the Clean Air Act Webpage Abstract...

  8. EPA and DOE Join States to Speed Energy Efficiency Progress in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    These goals range from establishing state-of-the art billing systems that provide ... for states advancing energy efficiency. Media contact(s): (202) 586-4940 EPA MEDIA ...

  9. EPA ENERGY STAR Webcast- Portfolio Manager® Office Hours, Focus Topic: Portfolio Manager 2015 Priorities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Portfolio Manager "Office Hours" is a live webinar that gives all users an opportunity to ask their questions directly to EPA in an open forum. We will plan to spend the first 20-30 minutes of each...

  10. North Dakota, et al. v. EPA, Memorandum Opinion and Order Granting...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    North Dakota, et al. v. EPA, Memorandum Opinion and Order Granting Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

  11. EPA Webinar: Tapping into Energy Efficiency Programming at the State and Local Levels

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), this webinar will give an overview of the national landscape for energy efficiency programming. Participants will have the opportunity to...

  12. EPA ENERGY STAR Webinar: Portfolio Manager Office Hours, Focus Topic: Understanding Energy Metrics

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Portfolio Manager "Office Hours" is a live webinar that gives all users an opportunity to ask their questions directly to EPA in an open forum. We will plan to spend the first 20-30 minutes of each...

  13. EPA ENERGY STAR Webcast- Portfolio Manager Office Hours, Focus Topic: Weather Data and Metrics

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Portfolio Manager "Office Hours" is a live webinar that gives all users an opportunity to ask their questions directly to EPA in an open forum. In 2014, Office Hours will be held once a month. We...

  14. http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/tsd/pcbs/pubs/stordisp.htm

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Your local yellow pages or state environmental agency may have a more in depth listing. EPA'S Where You Live web page links to many state environmental agencies. As of July 2010 ...

  15. EPA ENERGY STAR Webcast: Portfolio Manager Office Hours, Focus Topic: Sharing Forward and Transfer Ownership

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Portfolio Manager "Office Hours" is a live webinar that gives all users an opportunity to ask their questions directly to EPA in an open forum. In 2014, Office Hours will be held once a month. We...

  16. Fact #765: February 4, 2013 EPA's Top 10 Conventionally-Fueled...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    All vehicles making this list are hybrid vehicles, and six of the ten cars making the list are classified as midsize or large sedans and wagons. Fueleconomy.gov's Top Ten EPA-Rated ...

  17. EPA Plain English Guide to the Clean Air Act | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Plain English Guide to the Clean Air Act Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA Plain English Guide to the Clean Air Act Author...

  18. U.S. NO₂ trends (2005-2013): EPA air quality system (AQS) data...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    U.S. NO trends (2005-2013): EPA air quality system (AQS) data versus improved observations from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) Prev Next Title: U.S. NO trends ...

  19. EPA ENERGY STAR Webcast: ENERGY STAR and Green Building Rating Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    During this session, attendees will learn how to use EPA tools and resources to help meet requirements for green building rating systems such as the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in...

  20. PART FOUR INTEGRATION OF EPA AND ECOLOGY RESPONSIBILITIES ARTICLE XXIII. RCRA/CERCLA INTERFACE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    49- PART FOUR INTEGRATION OF EPA AND ECOLOGY RESPONSIBILITIES ARTICLE XXIII. RCRA/CERCLA INTERFACE 86. Part Two of this Agreement requires DOE to carry out RCRA TSD work under the direction and authority of Ecology. Part Three of this Agreement requires DOE to carry out investigations and cleanup of past- practice units through the CERCLA process under the authority of EPA, or through the RCRA Corrective Action process under the authority of Ecology. This Part Four establishes the framework for

  1. EPA Honors NREL-Sponsored Habitat For Humanity Home - News Releases | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EPA Honors NREL-Sponsored Habitat For Humanity Home Energy Efficient House Earns New Millennium Builder Award October 21, 2003 Golden, Colo. - An energy efficient home built in partnership with the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Habitat for Humanity of Metro Denver was honored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) with the Energy Star® New Millennium Builder Award for 2003. This award recognizes Habitat for Humanity for its

  2. Fact #824: June 9, 2014 EPA Sulfur Standards for Gasoline | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy 4: June 9, 2014 EPA Sulfur Standards for Gasoline Fact #824: June 9, 2014 EPA Sulfur Standards for Gasoline Sulfur naturally occurs in gasoline and diesel fuel, contributing to pollution when the fuel is burned. Beginning in 2004, standards were set on the amount of sulfur in gasoline (Tier 2 standards). Separate standards were set for different entities, such as large refiners, small refiners, importers, downstream wholesalers, etc. In March 2014, Tier 3 standards were finalized by

  3. EIS-0409: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0409: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Kemper County Integrated Gasification Combined-Cycle (IGCC) Project, Kemper County, Mississippi Kemper County Integrated Gasification Combined-Cycle (IGCC) Project, Construction and Operation of Advanced Power Generation Plant, U.S. Army COE Section 404 Permit, Kemper County, Mississippi Notice of Availability

  4. EIS-0468: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy 8: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0468: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement American Centrifuge Plant, Piketon, OH EIS No. 20110153, Final EIS, DOE, OH, ADOPTION-American Centrifuge Plant, Gas Centrifuge Uranium Enrichment Facility, Construction, Operation, and Decommission, License Issuance, Piketon, OH, Review Period Ends: 06/20/2011, Contact: Mathew McMillen 202-586-7248. U.S.

  5. EIS-0469: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy 9: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0469: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement Wilton IV Wind Energy Center; Burleigh County, North Dakota This EIS will evaluate the environmental impacts of interconnecting NextEra Energy Resources proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, near Bismarck, North Dakota, to one of DOE's Western Area Power Administration's existing substations and to

  6. Tri Party Agreement Administrative Record Presentation for Dennis A. Faulk, EPA Jane A. Hedges, Ecology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TPA) and Milestone Tutorial John Price, Ecology What is it? Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (HFFACO) * Legal Agreement, Parts One - Five - Federal Facility Agreement between US Department of Energy and US Environmental Protection Agency (US DOE and US EPA) - Consent Order between US DOE and Washington Department of Ecology - A 3-party agreement [TPA] on how to integrate the Federal Facility Agreement with the Consent Order Why is there an EPA-DOE Federal Facility Agreement?

  7. EIS-0463: Revision to EPA Notice Of Availability Draft Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy Revision to EPA Notice Of Availability Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0463: Revision to EPA Notice Of Availability Draft Environmental Impact Statement Northern Pass Transmission Line Project, New Hampshire This Notice of Availability was first published in the Federal Register on July 31, 2015. The Notice was amended in the October 9, 2015, Federal Register to extend the comment period to December 31, 2015. For more information, including possible

  8. EIS-0486: EPA Notice of Public Comment Period Extension | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Public Comment Period Extension EIS-0486: EPA Notice of Public Comment Period Extension Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission Project EPA announces that the DOE is extending the public comment period for the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission Project (DOE/EIS-0486) to April 20, 2015. Comments submitted to DOE concerning the Plains & Eastern EIS prior to this announcement do not need to be resubmitted as a result of this

  9. EERE Success Story-EPA and DOE Honor 2015 Energy Star Partners of the

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Year, Recognizing Leadership and Action in Energy Efficiency, Featuring Better Buildings Challenge | Department of Energy EPA and DOE Honor 2015 Energy Star Partners of the Year, Recognizing Leadership and Action in Energy Efficiency, Featuring Better Buildings Challenge EERE Success Story-EPA and DOE Honor 2015 Energy Star Partners of the Year, Recognizing Leadership and Action in Energy Efficiency, Featuring Better Buildings Challenge April 24, 2015 - 11:30am Addthis 128 businesses and

  10. SUSTAINABILITY NEWS GSA, DOE, EPA, and USFS Sign Innovative Solar PPA

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    GSA, DOE, EPA, and USFS Sign Innovative Solar PPA The General Services Administration (GSA), Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Forest Service (USFS) recently collaborated on the first ever joint solar power procurement in California and Nevada. As part of the Federal Aggregated Solar Procurement Pilot (FASPP), the project combines several small to mid-size photovoltaic (PV) installation opportunities within northern California and northern Nevada into a

  11. Heavy-Duty Engine Technology for High Thermal Efficiency at EPA 2010

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Emissions Regulations | Department of Energy Technology for High Thermal Efficiency at EPA 2010 Emissions Regulations Heavy-Duty Engine Technology for High Thermal Efficiency at EPA 2010 Emissions Regulations Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs. 2006_deer_aneja.pdf (1.56 MB) More Documents & Publications NAFTA Heavy Duty Engine and Aftertreatment

  12. Radiation Effects In Space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tripathi, Ram K.

    2011-06-01

    Protecting space missions from severe exposures from radiation, in general, and long duration/deep space human missions, in particular, is a critical design driver, and could be a limiting factor. The space radiation environment consists of galactic cosmic rays (GCR), solar particle events (SPE), trapped radiation, and includes ions of all the known elements over a very broad energy range. These ions penetrate spacecraft materials producing nuclear fragments and secondary particles that damage biological tissues and microelectronic devices. One is required to know how every element (and all isotopes of each element) in the periodic table interacts and fragments on every other element in the same table as a function of kinetic energy ranging over many decades. In addition, the accuracy of the input information and database, in general and nuclear data in particular, impacts radiation exposure health assessments and payload penalty. After a brief review of effects of space radiation on materials and electronics, human space missions to Mars is discussed.

  13. Superfund record of decision amendment (EPA Region 4): Wrigley Charcoal Superfund Site, Hickman County, Wrigley, TN, February 2, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-03-01

    This decision document presents the selected Interim Remedial Action (IRA) for the Wrigley Charcoal Site, in Wrigley, Hickman County, Tennessee. The U.S. EPA has modified a wide variety of items that require immediate response action for the first step of cleanup activities to be taken at the Wrigley Charcoal Site. The major goal of these cleanup activities is to address the most serious threats at the Wrigley Charcoal Site by removing contaminated media from the Primary Site flood plain, remediating wastes at the Storage Basin, and through limited access restrictions at the Primary Site and the Storage Basin. The cleanup activities as presented in this IRA Record of Decision (ROD) Amendment will achieve significant risk reduction and will prepare the Site for future remedial activities.

  14. Data Quality Objectives Supporting the Environmental Direct Radiation Monitoring Program for the INL Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lundell, J. F.; Magnuson, S. O.; Scherbinske, P.; Case, M. J.

    2015-07-01

    This document presents the development of the data quality objectives (DQOs) for the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Environmental Direct Radiation Monitoring Program and follows the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) DQO process (EPA 2006). This document also develops and presents the logic to determine the specific number of direct radiation monitoring locations around INL facilities on the desert west of Idaho Falls and in Idaho Falls, at locations bordering the INL Site, and in the surrounding regional area. The selection logic follows the guidance from the Department of Energy (DOE) (2015) for environmental surveillance of DOE facilities.

  15. Review and analysis of proposed EPA groundwater standards for the UMTRA Project. Summary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-10-01

    The Title I groundwater standards for inactive uranium mill tailings sites, which were promulgated on January 5, 1983, by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project, were remanded to the EPA on September 3, 1985, by the US Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals. The Court instructed the EPA to compile general groundwater standards for all sites. On September 24, 1987, the EPA published proposed standards in response to the remand. This Summary Report includes an evaluation of the potential effects of the proposed EPA groundwater standards on the UMTRA Project as well as a discussion of the DOE`s position on the proposed standards. This report is accompanied by a detailed Technical Report and Appendices which provide supporting information and analyses. This Summary Report results from a study undertaken to: determine the impact of the proposed standards on the UMTRA Project; and recommend provisions for the implementation of the final standards that will minimize adverse impact to the conduct of the UMTRA Project while ensuring protection of human health and the environment. Specifically, the following were considered: the flexibility of the proposed standards; interpretations of the proposed standards; the extent of aquifer restoration that may be required to implement the proposed standards at each site; the costs of aquifer restoration; and design changes necessary to meet the standards.

  16. Danger radiations

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Le conférencier Mons.Hofert parle des dangers et risques des radiations, le contrôle des zones et les précautions à prendre ( p.ex. film badge), comment mesurer les radiations etc.

  17. New EPA Guidelines for Review of Surface Coal Mining Operations in Appalachia (released in AEO2010)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2010-01-01

    On April 1, 2010, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a set of new guidelines to several of its Regional offices regarding the compliance of surface coal mining operations in Appalachia with the provisions of the Clean Water Act (CWA), the National Environmental Policy Act, and the environmental justice Executive Order (E.O. 12898). The stated purpose of the guidance was to explain more fully the approach that the EPA will be following in permit reviews, and to provide additional assurance that its Regional offices use clear, consistent, and science-based standards in reviewing the permits. Although the new guidelines go into effect immediately, they will be subjected to review both by the public and by the EPA's Science Advisory Board, with a set of final guidelines to be issued no later than April 1, 2011.

  18. DOE 2011 occupational radiation exposure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2012-12-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Analysis within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) publishes the annual DOE Occupational Radiation Exposure Report to provide an overview of the status of radiation protection practices at DOE (including the National Nuclear Security Administration [NNSA]). The DOE 2011 Occupational Radiation Exposure Report provides an evaluation of DOE-wide performance regarding compliance with Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), Part 835, Occupational Radiation Protection dose limits and as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) process requirements. In addition, the report provides data to DOE organizations responsible for developing policies for protection of individuals from the adverse health effects of radiation. The report provides a summary and an analysis of occupational radiation exposure information from the monitoring of individuals involved in DOE activities. The occupational radiation exposure information is analyzed in terms of aggregate data, dose to individuals, and dose by site over the past five years.

  19. DOE 2012 occupational radiation exposure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2013-10-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Analysis within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) publishes the annual DOE Occupational Radiation Exposure Report to provide an overview of the status of radiation protection practices at DOE (including the National Nuclear Security Administration [NNSA]). The DOE 2012 Occupational Radiation Exposure Report provides an evaluation of DOE-wide performance regarding compliance with Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), Part 835, Occupational Radiation Protection dose limits and as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) process requirements. In addition, the report provides data to DOE organizations responsible for developing policies for protection of individuals from the adverse health effects of radiation. The report provides a summary and an analysis of occupational radiation exposure information from the monitoring of individuals involved in DOE activities. Over the past 5-year period, the occupational radiation exposure information is analyzed in terms of aggregate data, dose to individuals, and dose by site.

  20. Demand-side management program evaluation and the EPA Conservation Verification Protocols. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willems, P.; Ciraulo, J.; Smith, B.

    1993-11-01

    The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Conservation Verification Protocols (CVPs) are a set of step-by-step procedures for impact monitoring and evaluation of electric utility demand-side management (DSM) programs. The EPA developed these protocols as part of its mission to implement the Acid Rain Program authorized by Title IV of the Clean Air Amendments of 1990. This report provides an overview of the CVPs and how they can be used by electric utilities in DSM program monitoring and evaluation. Both the CVPs Monitoring Path and Stipulated Path procedures are summarized and reviewed. Several examples are provided to illustrate how to calculate DSM program energy savings using the CVPSs.

  1. Energy Secretary Moniz, EPA Administrator McCarthy and World Bank President

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Kim to Keynote ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit | Department of Energy Moniz, EPA Administrator McCarthy and World Bank President Kim to Keynote ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit Energy Secretary Moniz, EPA Administrator McCarthy and World Bank President Kim to Keynote ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit December 9, 2015 - 2:05pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-0976 DOENews@hq.doe.gov WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy today announced that U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz, U.S.

  2. Join a White House Google+ Hangout with Energy Secretary Moniz & EPA

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Administrator McCarthy | Department of Energy a White House Google+ Hangout with Energy Secretary Moniz & EPA Administrator McCarthy Join a White House Google+ Hangout with Energy Secretary Moniz & EPA Administrator McCarthy May 14, 2014 - 12:17pm Addthis Editor's note: The live event has concluded. Watch the full video recap above. Marissa Newhall Marissa Newhall Director of Digital Strategy and Communications How can I participate? Tune in Monday, May 19, at 1 p.m. ET by visiting

  3. US EPA record of decision review for landfills: Sanitary landfill (740-G), Savannah River Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-06-01

    This report presents the results of a review of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Record of Decision System (RODS) database search conducted to identify Superfund landfill sites where a Record of Decision (ROD) has been prepared by EPA, the States or the US Army Corps of Engineers describing the selected remedy at the site. ROD abstracts from the database were reviewed to identify site information including site type, contaminants of concern, components of the selected remedy, and cleanup goals. Only RODs from landfill sites were evaluated so that the results of the analysis can be used to support the remedy selection process for the Sanitary Landfill at the Savannah River Site (SRS).

  4. Relevant Studies for NERC’s Analysis of EPA's Clean Power Plan 111 (d) Compliance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahlstrom, Mark; Smith, Charlie; Piwko, Dick; Lew, Debra; Bloom, Aaron; Mai, Trieu; Clark, Kara; Milligan, Michael

    2015-06-12

    The purpose of this paper is to describe multiple studies of wind and solar integration that have found CO2 reductions of approximately 30%. These studies can be viewed in several ways, including as viable paths to compliance with the EPA rule, alternative ''bookend cases'' to compare to compliance based largely on natural gas, or something in between. The studies in this paper represent a body of work that can help inform the public discussion surrounding the cost and reliability impacts of complying with the proposed EPA CPP.

  5. Measurement of the W Gamma --> mu nu gamma Cross-Section, Limits on Anomalous Trilinear Vector Boson Couplings, and the Radiation Amplitude Zero in p anti-p Collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96 TeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Askew, Andrew Warren

    2004-11-01

    This thesis details the measurement of the p{bar p} {yields} W{gamma} + X {yields} {mu}{nu}{gamma} + X cross section at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV using the D0 detector at Fermilab, in 134.5 pb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. From the photon E{sub T} spectrum limits on anomalous couplings of the photon to the W are obtained. At 95% confidence level, limits of -1.05 < {Delta}{kappa} < 1.04 for {lambda} = 0 and -0.28 < {lambda} < 0.27 for {Delta}{kappa} = 0 are obtained on the anomalous coupling parameters. The charge signed rapidity difference from the data is displayed, and its significance discussed.

  6. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells through ROSCa{sup 2+}JNK mitochondrial pathways

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yuanyuan; Han, Lirong; Qi, Wentao; Cheng, Dai; Ma, Xiaolei; Hou, Lihua; Cao, Xiaohong; Wang, Chunling

    2015-01-24

    Highlights: EPA evoked ROS formation, [Ca{sup 2+}]{sub c} accumulation, the opening of MPTP and the phosphorylation of JNK. EPA-induced [Ca{sup 2+}]{sub c} elevation was depended on production of ROS. EPA-induced ROS generation, [Ca{sup 2+}]{sub c} increase, and JNK activated caused MPTP opening. The apoptosis induced by EPA was related to release of cytochrome C through the MPTP. EPA induced HepG2 cells apoptosis through ROSCa{sup 2+}JNK mitochondrial pathways. - Abstract: Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), a well-known dietary n?3 PUFAS, has been considered to inhibit proliferation of tumor cells. However, the molecular mechanism related to EPA-induced liver cancer cells apoptosis has not been reported. In this study, we investigated the effect of EPA on HepG2 cells proliferation and apoptosis mechanism through mitochondrial pathways. EPA inhibited proliferation of HepG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner and had no significant effect on the cell viability of humor normal liver L-02 cells. It was found that EPA initially evoked ROS formation, leading to [Ca{sup 2+}]{sub c} accumulation and the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening; EPA-induced HepG2 cells apoptosis was inhibited by N-acetylcysteine (NAC, an inhibitor of ROS), 1,2-bis (2-aminophenoxy) ethane-N,N,N?,N?-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA-AM, a chelator of calcium) and CsA (inhibitor of MPTP). The relationship between ROS production, the increase of cytoplasmic Ca and MPTP opening was detected. It seems that ROS may act as an upstream regulator of EPA-induced [Ca{sup 2+}]{sub c} generation, moreover, generation of ROS, overload of mitochondrial [Ca{sup 2+}]{sub c}, and JNK activated cause the opening of MPTP. Western blotting results showed that EPA elevated the phosphorylation status of JNK, processes associated with the ROS generation. Simultaneously, the apoptosis induced by EPA was related to release of cytochrome C from mitochondria to cytoplasm through the MPTP and activation of

  7. Measuring Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Measurement Activity SI Units and Prefixes Conversions Safety Around Radiation Sources Types of Radiation Exposure Managing Radiation Emergencies Procedure Demonstration Measurement Activity: How Much Is Present? The size or weight of a container or shipment does not indicate how much radioactivity is in it. The amount of radioactivity in a quantity of material can be determined by noting how many curies of the material are present. This information should be found on labels and/or shipping

  8. Radiation Safety

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety Home MSDS Search MSDS Help Safety Training and Tests Contact Links LSU Campus Safety Glossary Radiation Safety Manual Radiation Safety Test NOTE: All Training and Testing Material is for LSU CAMD Users ONLY! **Please allow two weeks for your badge to be processed.** Regulations and Hierarchy The CAMD Safety Officer reports to two separate individuals regarding safety. These are the Radiation Safety Officer for the University, and the Campus Safety Officer in all other matters. Thus safety

  9. U.S EPA Research Triangle Park Campus, Typical Office Wing

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Research Triangle Park, NC The EPA's new RTP campus includes laboratories and offices for over 2,000 people. One of the three 3-story office blocks is described here. The building sits on the shore of an artificial lake, and is part of a larger campus of federal facilities that share a central cooling plant.

  10. Plant toxicity studies made publicly available by EPA and the TSCA Interagency Testing Committee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, J.D.

    1994-12-31

    The purpose of this presentation is to briefly describe the ITC, describe the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Test Submissions (TSCATS) database and how the EPA makes unpublished health and safety studies publicly available through TSCATS as a result of ITC testing recommendations and other activities and to describe some of the unpublished plant toxicity studies that are available tin TSCATS. In 1976, under section 4(e) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), the US Congress created the ITC to implement the initial phases of testing TSCA-regulable chemicals. Congress directed the ITC to: (1) make testing decisions on about 70,000 chemicals, (2) develop the TSCA Section 4(e) Priority Testing List, (3) coordinate chemical testing and (4) revise the List at least every six months. The creation, structure, functions and contributions of the ITC from 1977 to 1992 have been previously described. TSCATS is an EPA database. It is an online pointer file that identifies all the unpublished studies that have been submitted to EPA under TSCA sections 4 and 8 and as For Your Information studies. Most of the studies in TSCATS were submitted by manufacturers of chemicals that ITC has added to the Priority Testing List because EPA has published Federal Register notices requesting that manufacturers of ITC chemicals submit unpublished data under TSCA section 8 or conduct testing and submit the data that were developed under TSCA section 4. Data from plant toxicity studies indexed in TSCATS will be presented.

  11. EPA ENERGY STAR Webinar: How to Apply for the ENERGY STAR

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is hosting a webinar on how to apply for ENERGY STAR certification in Portfolio Manager. Understand the value of the ENERGY STAR certification, see the step-by-step process of applying, and gain tips to help your property get from application to award.

  12. DuPont extends CFC production after EPA warns of scarcity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirschner, E.

    1994-01-05

    DuPont reversed its voluntary commitment to phase out CFC production at the end of 1994 to prevent a possible shortage for automotive air conditioning repairs. In a December letter, the US EPA asked Dupont to continue producing its full 1995 allowance of 76 million tons of CFC-12 under the Montreal Protocol.

  13. EPA Workshop for Environmental Justice Communities on the Clean Power Plan

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is hosting a two-day training on the proposed federal plan and model rules for the Clean Power Plan. Some topics covered include the Clean Energy Incentive Program, stakeholder Perspective on the Clean Power Plan, organizing and developing effective public comments, and other resources.

  14. EPA Webinar- Solar for All: Making it Happen in Low-Income Communities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), this webinar is the third in a multi-part series highlighting efforts by state and local agencies, nonprofits, and utilities to bring energy efficiency and renewable energy to low-income households.

  15. Analysis of Phosphonic Acids: Validation of Semi-Volatile Analysis by HPLC-MS/MS by EPA Method MS999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Owens, J; Vu, A; Koester, C

    2008-10-31

    The Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Region 5 Chicago Regional Laboratory (CRL) developed a method titled Analysis of Diisopropyl Methylphosphonate, Ethyl Hydrogen Dimethylamidophosphate, Isopropyl Methylphosphonic Acid, Methylphosphonic Acid, and Pinacolyl Methylphosphonic Acid in Water by Multiple Reaction Monitoring Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry: EPA Version MS999. This draft standard operating procedure (SOP) was distributed to multiple EPA laboratories and to Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, which was tasked to serve as a reference laboratory for EPA's Environmental Reference Laboratory Network (ERLN) and to develop and validate analytical procedures. The primary objective of this study was to validate and verify the analytical procedures described in EPA Method MS999 for analysis of the listed phosphonic acids and surrogates in aqueous samples. The gathered data from this validation study will be used to: (1) demonstrate analytical method performance; (2) generate quality control acceptance criteria; and (3) revise the SOP to provide a validated method that would be available for use during a homeland security event. The data contained in this report will be compiled, by EPA CRL, with data generated by other EPA Regional laboratories so that performance metrics of EPA Method MS999 can be determined.

  16. Radiation monitor for liquids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Koster, James E.; Bolton, Richard D.

    1999-01-01

    A radiation monitor for use with liquids that utilizes air ions created by alpha radiation emitted by the liquids as its detectable element. A signal plane, held at an electrical potential with respect to ground, collects these air ions. A guard plane or guard rings is used to limit leakage currents. In one embodiment, the monitor is used for monitoring liquids retained in a tank. Other embodiments monitor liquids flowing through a tank, and bodies of liquids, such as ponds, lakes, rivers and oceans.

  17. Radiation monitor for liquids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Koster, J.E.; Bolton, R.D.

    1999-03-02

    A radiation monitor for use with liquids that utilizes air ions created by alpha radiation emitted by the liquids as its detectable element. A signal plane, held at an electrical potential with respect to ground, collects these air ions. A guard plane or guard rings is used to limit leakage currents. In one embodiment, the monitor is used for monitoring liquids retained in a tank. Other embodiments monitor liquids flowing through a tank, and bodies of liquids, such as ponds, lakes, rivers and oceans. 4 figs.

  18. DOE 2008 occupational radiation exposure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2009-10-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Corporate Safety Analysis (HS-30) within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) publishes the annual DOE Occupational Radiation Exposure Report to provide an overview of the status of radiation protection practices at DOE. The DOE 2008 Occupational Radiation Exposure Report provides an evaluation of DOE-wide performance regarding compliance with DOE Part 835 dose limits and as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) process requirements. In addition, the report provides data to DOE organizations responsible for developing policies for protection of individuals from the effects of radiation. This report provides a summary and an analysis of occupational radiation exposure information from the monitoring of individuals involved in DOE activities. The occupational radiation exposure information is analyzed in terms of aggregate data, dose to individuals, and dose by site over the past 5 years.

  19. DOE 2010 occupational radiation exposure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2011-11-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Analysis within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) publishes the annual DOE Occupational Radiation Exposure Report to provide an overview of the status of radiation protection practices at DOE.* The DOE 2010 Occupational Radiation Exposure Report provides an evaluation of DOE-wide performance regarding compliance with DOE Part 835 dose limits and as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) process requirements. In addition, the report provides data to DOE organizations responsible for developing policies for protection of individuals from the effects of radiation. The report provides a summary and an analysis of occupational radiation exposure information from the monitoring of individuals involved in DOE activities. The occupational radiation exposure information is analyzed in terms of aggregate data, dose to individuals, and dose by site over the past 5 years.

  20. Radiation detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fultz, B.T.

    1980-12-05

    Apparatus is provided for detecting radiation such as gamma rays and x-rays generated in backscatter Moessbauer effect spectroscopy and x-ray spectrometry, which has a large window for detecting radiation emanating over a wide solid angle from a specimen and which generates substantially the same output pulse height for monoenergetic radiation that passes through any portion of the detection chamber. The apparatus includes a substantially toroidal chamber with conductive walls forming a cathode, and a wire anode extending in a circle within the chamber with the anode lying closer to the inner side of the toroid which has the least diameter than to the outer side. The placement of the anode produces an electric field, in a region close to the anode, which has substantially the same gradient in all directions extending radially from the anode, so that the number of avalanche electrons generated by ionizing radiation is independent of the path of the radiation through the chamber.

  1. Radiation detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fultz, Brent T.

    1983-01-01

    Apparatus is provided for detecting radiation such as gamma rays and X-rays generated in backscatter Mossbauer effect spectroscopy and X-ray spectrometry, which has a large "window" for detecting radiation emanating over a wide solid angle from a specimen and which generates substantially the same output pulse height for monoenergetic radiation that passes through any portion of the detection chamber. The apparatus includes a substantially toroidal chamber with conductive walls forming a cathode, and a wire anode extending in a circle within the chamber with the anode lying closer to the inner side of the toroid which has the least diameter than to the outer side. The placement of the anode produces an electric field, in a region close to the anode, which has substantially the same gradient in all directions extending radially from the anode, so that the number of avalanche electrons generated by ionizing radiation is independent of the path of the radiation through the chamber.

  2. How much radiation is too much?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    How much radiation is too much? How much radiation is too much? Federal government standards limit the dose that the public may receive from Laboratory operations. August 1, 2013 For an individual living near LANL in 2012, the average radiation exposure from all sources was estimated at approximately 751 mrem. One-tenth of one percent can be attributed to LANL sources. For an individual living near LANL in 2012, the average radiation exposure from all sources was estimated at approximately 751

  3. Preoperational radiation surveillance of the WIPP Project by EEG for the years 1993 - 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kenney, J.W.; Gray, D.H.; Ballard, S.C.

    1998-03-01

    Average {sup 241}Am, {sup 239+240}Pu and {sup 238}Pu concentrations measured in ambient air near the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site during 1993, 1994 and 1995 are consistent with similar data reported by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) for Espanola, Pojoaque and Santa Fe, New Mexico. Through the use of replicate analyses of matrix blanks minimum detectable activity (MDA), minimum detectable concentration (MDC) and action levels (ACTL) were established for the Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) measurement system. Using MDA data from fixed air sampler (FAS) filters and conservative assumptions applied in the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) Report 123 (NCRP 1996), it is shown that the EEG sampling and measurement methodology is capable of detecting effluent air emissions which would produce a dose that is approximately 1000 times below the 40 CFR 191 Subpart A limit of 2.5E{sup -4} Sv/y (25 mrem/y). A similar calculation using the NCRP worksheet with storm water effluent MDCs found the EEG measurement program capable of detecting actinide emissions which would result in a dose that is approximately 10 times below the dose limits in 40 CFR 191 Subpart A and 40 CFR 61 Subpart H.

  4. Code of Federal Regulations OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION Code of Federal Regulations OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION The rules in this part establish radiation protection standards, limits, and program requirements for protecting individuals from ionizing radiation resulting from the conduct of DOE activities. Code of Federal Regulations OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION (329.58 KB) More Documents & Publications Code of Federal Regulations PART 835-OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION Subpart A -

  5. Definition of Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gamma Radiation and X-Rays Beta Radiation Alpha Radiation Irradiation Radioactive Contamination Definitions Detection Measurement Safety Around Radiation Sources Types of ...

  6. 10 C.F.R. PART 835-OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION, Subpart...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    835-OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION Authority: 42 U.S.C. 2201; 7191. Source: 58 FR ... The rules in this part establish radiation protection standards, limits, and program ...

  7. EPA programs to reduce NO{sub x} and particulate matter emissions from electric utility sources and the possible impact of deregulation on those EPA programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Field, A.B.

    1997-12-31

    At the same time that the electric utility industry is in the midst of deregulation, it could be hit with numerous additional regulatory burdens. For example, EPA now plans to decide by July 1997 whether to make major changes to the current ozone and particulate matter ambient standards -- changes which could force utilities to reduce significantly both their nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) and sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) emissions. Even if EPA does not adopt new ambient standards, though, many electric utilities still face the prospect of making additional NO{sub x} reductions if they are found to be contributing to ozone levels in areas that are not meeting the current ozone ambient standards. Several multi-state groups -- notably the Ozone Transport Assessment Group (OTAG) and the Northeast Ozone Transport Commission (OTC) -- are evaluating programs that could lead to calls for additional NO{sub x} reductions from power plants in ozone nonattainment areas and from plants located outside the nonattainment areas but found to be contributing to ozone levels in those areas. And these multi-state groups are motivated not only by pollution levels they see now, but also by what they fear will be increased pollution levels as a result of deregulation. This paper examines the status of the major rulemakings now underway that could force substantial additional reductions in electric utility NO{sub x} and SO{sub 2} emissions. It also discusses the impacts that deregulation could have in those rulemakings.

  8. Hyperon radiative decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaxiras, Efthimios; Moniz, Ernest J.; Soyeur, Madeleine

    1985-08-01

    The radiative decay widths of the low-lying strange baryons are calculated both within the relativistic quark bag model and the nonrelativistic potential model. These widths are found to depend sensitively upon the quark-model dynamics through multiplet mixing and q4q-bar admixtures. The comparison between our calculated results and the very limited experimental data is discussed.

  9. Radiation dosimeter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fox, R.J.

    1981-09-01

    A radiation detector readout circuit is provided which produces a radiation dose-rate readout from a detector even through the detector output may be highly energy dependent. A linear charge amplifier including an output charge pump circuit amplifies the charge signal pulses from the detector and pumps the charge into a charge storage capacitor. The discharge rate of the capacitor through a resistor is controlled to provide a time-dependent voltage which when integrated provides an output proportional to the dose-rate of radiation detected by the detector. This output may be converted to digital form for readout on a digital display.

  10. Radiation dosimeter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fox, Richard J.

    1983-01-01

    A radiation detector readout circuit is provided which produces a radiation dose-rate readout from a detector even though the detector output may be highly energy dependent. A linear charge amplifier including an output charge pump circuit amplifies the charge signal pulses from the detector and pumps the charge into a charge storage capacitor. The discharge rate of the capacitor through a resistor is controlled to provide a time-dependent voltage which when integrated provides an output proportional to the dose-rate of radiation detected by the detector. This output may be converted to digital form for readout on a digital display.

  11. RADIATION DETECTOR

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wilson, H.N.; Glass, F.M.

    1960-05-10

    A radiation detector of the type is described wherein a condenser is directly connected to the electrodes for the purpose of performing the dual function of a guard ring and to provide capacitance coupling for resetting the detector system.

  12. Radiation Transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Urbatsch, Todd James

    2015-06-15

    We present an overview of radiation transport, covering terminology, blackbody raditation, opacities, Boltzmann transport theory, approximations to the transport equation. Next we introduce several transport methods. We present a section on Caseology, observing transport boundary layers. We briefly broach topics of software development, including verification and validation, and we close with a section on high energy-density experiments that highlight and support radiation transport.

  13. Storm and combined sewer overflow: An overview of EPA's Research Program. Book chapter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Field, R.

    1993-01-01

    The report represents an overview of the EPA's Storm and Combined Sewer Pollution Control Research Program performed over a 20-year period beginning with the mid-1960s. It covers Program involvements in the development of a diverse technology including pollution-problem assessment/solution methodology and associated instrumentation and stormwater management models, best management practices, erosion control, infiltration/inflow, control, control-treatment technology and the associated sludge and solids residuals handling and many others.

  14. The preparation for and survival of an EPA Title IV and Title V facility audit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Facca, G.L.; Faler, M.

    1999-07-01

    As part of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, major facilities are required to obtain federally enforceable operating permits (Title V). In a separate permitting action, the electric utilities with units generating more then 25 megawatts are required to obtain permits for NO{sub x} and SO{sub x}, the emissions which contribute to acid rain (Title IV). The Title IV permit is included as part of the Title V permit. This paper will use an actual audit experience at a coal fired generation facility as a case study for the preparation for and outcome of an EPA Title IV Level 3 audit. The paper will document the procedures for preparation, the audit process, and the outcome. The audit is part of the EPA's process for review of the record keeping and instrument calibration methods outlined in Title IV. Both types of permits have many different record keeping and monitoring requirements as well as separate reporting requirements which are submitted to both federal; state and local regulatory agencies for review and evaluation. Title IV units include very specific instrument calibration/audit requirements, and Title V has compliance testing and monitoring requirements. Alliant Power was notified in August 1998 of the intent of EPA Region VII to conduct a Level 3 audit at the Lansing Generation Station. The US EPA and the State of Iowa intended to review all Title IV record keeping (Level 1), continuous emission monitoring calibrations and linearity testing (Level 2) and observe the annual Relative Accuracy Testing Audit performed by an outside contractor. In addition, during this facility site visit, the compliance with Title V permit requirements was also audited.

  15. EIS-0360: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Statement | Department of Energy Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0360: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Construction and Operation of a Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Conversion Facility at the Portsmouth, Ohio, Site The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) proposes, via a contract awarded at the direction of Congress (Public Law 107-206), to design, construct, and operate two conversion facilities for converting depleted uranium hexafluoride

  16. Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 9): Newmark Groundwater Contamination Site, San Bernardino, CA, August 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-04

    This decision document presents the selected remedial action for the Newmark Operable Unit, Newmark Groundwater Contamination Superfund site. EPA has selected an interim remedy for the Newmark plume of groundwater contamination in the Newmark Groundwater Contamination Superfund Site. This portion of the site cleanup is referred to as the Newmark Operable Unit (OU). The Newmark OU is an interim action focusing on contamination in the undergound water supply in the Bunker Hill Basin of San Bernardino, north and east of the Shandin Hills.

  17. EIS-0387: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement | Department of Energy Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0387: EPA Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement Y-12 National Security Complex Project, Oak Ridge, Tennessee Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement: Y-12 National Security Complex Project, to Support the Stockpile Stewardship Program and to Meet the Mission Assigned to Y-12, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (DOE/EIS-0387)(03/04/2011)(76FR12109) (34.64 KB) More Documents

  18. Microsoft PowerPoint - P&RA CoP EPA optimization Biggs final 111215

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Implementing Optimization in the Superfund Program __________________________________________________ For the Interagency Performance and Risk Assessment Community of Practice (P&RA CoP) November 12, 2015 Kirby Biggs National Optimization Program Coordinator Technology Integration and Information Branch Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Integration Washington DC 20460 biggs.kirby@epa.gov . 703-823-3081 . www.cluin.org/optimization (Cleanup Horizon: 2004 - 2033) Source:

  19. Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, Marla; Homan, Gregory; Lai, Judy; Brown, Richard

    2009-09-24

    This report provides a top-level summary of national savings achieved by the Energy Star voluntary product labeling program. To best quantify and analyze savings for all products, we developed a bottom-up product-based model. Each Energy Star product type is characterized by product-specific inputs that result in a product savings estimate. Our results show that through 2007, U.S. EPA Energy Star labeled products saved 5.5 Quads of primary energy and avoided 100 MtC of emissions. Although Energy Star-labeled products encompass over forty product types, only five of those product types accounted for 65percent of all Energy Star carbon reductions achieved to date, including (listed in order of savings magnitude)monitors, printers, residential light fixtures, televisions, and furnaces. The forecast shows that U.S. EPA?s program is expected to save 12.2 Quads of primary energy and avoid 215 MtC of emissions over the period of 2008?2015.

  20. US EPA biomass fuel analytical laboratory. Report for January-April 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baskin, E.; Lee, C.W.; Natschke, D.F.

    1997-01-01

    The paper describes the U.S. EPA`s biomass fuel analytical laboratory at its Environmental Research Center in Research Triangle Park, NC. There is increasing interest in utlizing biomass-based fuels in thermal energy systems as an effective means for global warming remediation. The laboratory is examining biomass fuels and the variation in products of incomplete combustion (PICs) with combustion conditions. The objectives are to evaluate the kinetics of combustion and emission characteristics (e.g., structure and composition) of representative samples of relevant types of biomass fuels by studying (1) the local pyrolysis and combustion processes and products, and (2) the overall degradation rate as influenced by heat transmission. Biomass fuel samples will be examined by thermogravimetric analysis with an on-line Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (TGA-FTIR). EPA has built a prototype TGA, capable of handling a 100 g sample with 1 microgram resolution for this laboratory. This instrument is capable of heating the sample to 1200 C. Samples can be pyrolyzed and combusted sequentially by automated gas switching.

  1. Radiation Protection | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment Water sampling and analysis at Idaho National Lab Water sampling and analysis at Idaho National Lab Idaho National Lab(INL) in partnership with the US Geological Service(USGS) sample, collect and analyze data in order to ensure that exposure to the public and the environment within and around the INL Complex are below the required authorized limits set by DOE. Read more

  2. Fact #779: May 13, 2013 EPA's Top Ten Rated Vehicles List for Model Year 2013 is All Electric

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 2013 model year marks the first time when the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) top ten most fuel efficient vehicles list is comprised entirely of electric vehicles. Electric vehicles...

  3. Statement by U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman on EPA's Renewable Fuel Standard Waiver Announcement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON -- The following is a statement from U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman in response to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) announcement on the Renewable Fuel Standard...

  4. Reflecting the Revised PM 2.5 National Ambient Air Quality Standard in NEPA Evaluations (EPA, 2007)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This letter, from the Director of the Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Federal Activities, outlines EPA's position as to how the revised National Air Quality Standard should be reflected in NEPA evaluations of proposed actions.

  5. RADIATION INTEGRATOR

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Glass, F.M.; Wilson, H.N.

    1959-02-17

    Radiation detecting and measuring systems, particularly a compact, integrating, background monitor, are discussed. One of the principal features of the system is the use of an electrometer tube where the input of the tube is directly connected to an electrode of the radiation detector and a capacitor is coupled to the tube input. When a predetermined quantity of radiation has been integrated, a trigger signal is fed to a recorder and a charge is delivered to the capacitor to render the tube inoperative. The capacitor is then recharged for the next period of operation. With this arrangement there is a substantial reduction in lead lengths and the principal components may be enclosed and hermetically sealed to insure low leakage.

  6. Use of Authorized Limits During Decontamination and Demolition Phase |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Use of Authorized Limits During Decontamination and Demolition Phase Use of Authorized Limits During Decontamination and Demolition Phase Donald Dihel; Orville W. Cypret*; G. Vazquez; W. Alexander Williams Abstract: Protecting the public and the environment against undue risk from radiation associated with radiological activities conducted under the control of the Department of Energy (DOE) is the purpose of DOE environmental radiation protection programs. To meet this

  7. Radiation receiver

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hunt, Arlon J.

    1983-01-01

    The apparatus for collecting radiant energy and converting same to alternate energy form includes a housing having an interior space and a radiation transparent window allowing, for example, solar radiation to be received in the interior space of the housing. Means are provided for passing a stream of fluid past said window and for injecting radiation absorbent particles in said fluid stream. The particles absorb the radiation and because of their very large surface area, quickly release the heat to the surrounding fluid stream. The fluid stream particle mixture is heated until the particles vaporize. The fluid stream is then allowed to expand in, for example, a gas turbine to produce mechanical energy. In an aspect of the present invention properly sized particles need not be vaporized prior to the entrance of the fluid stream into the turbine, as the particles will not damage the turbine blades. In yet another aspect of the invention, conventional fuel injectors are provided to inject fuel into the fluid stream to maintain the proper temperature and pressure of the fluid stream should the source of radiant energy be interrupted. In yet another aspect of the invention, an apparatus is provided which includes means for providing a hot fluid stream having hot particles disbursed therein which can radiate energy, means for providing a cooler fluid stream having cooler particles disbursed therein, which particles can absorb radiant energy and means for passing the hot fluid stream adjacent the cooler fluid stream to warm the cooler fluid and cooler particles by the radiation from the hot fluid and hot particles.

  8. Radiation receiver

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hunt, A.J.

    1983-09-13

    The apparatus for collecting radiant energy and converting same to alternate energy form includes a housing having an interior space and a radiation transparent window allowing, for example, solar radiation to be received in the interior space of the housing. Means are provided for passing a stream of fluid past said window and for injecting radiation absorbent particles in said fluid stream. The particles absorb the radiation and because of their very large surface area, quickly release the heat to the surrounding fluid stream. The fluid stream particle mixture is heated until the particles vaporize. The fluid stream is then allowed to expand in, for example, a gas turbine to produce mechanical energy. In an aspect of the present invention properly sized particles need not be vaporized prior to the entrance of the fluid stream into the turbine, as the particles will not damage the turbine blades. In yet another aspect of the invention, conventional fuel injectors are provided to inject fuel into the fluid stream to maintain the proper temperature and pressure of the fluid stream should the source of radiant energy be interrupted. In yet another aspect of the invention, an apparatus is provided which includes means for providing a hot fluid stream having hot particles disbursed therein which can radiate energy, means for providing a cooler fluid stream having cooler particles disbursed therein, which particles can absorb radiant energy and means for passing the hot fluid stream adjacent the cooler fluid stream to warm the cooler fluid and cooler particles by the radiation from the hot fluid and hot particles. 5 figs.

  9. Limited Test Ban Treaty

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Detection System (USNDS), which monitors compliance with the international Limited Test Ban Treaty (LTBT). The LTBT, signed by 108 countries, prohibits nuclear testing in the...

  10. Code of Federal Regulations PART 835-OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Subpart A - General Provisions | Department of Energy PART 835-OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION Subpart A - General Provisions Code of Federal Regulations PART 835-OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION Subpart A - General Provisions The rules in this part establish radiation protection standards, limits, and program requirements for protecting individuals from ionizing radiation resulting from the conduct of DOE activities. Code of Federal Regulations PART 835-OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION

  11. Code of Federal Regulations PART 835-OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy PART 835-OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION Code of Federal Regulations PART 835-OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION General. The rules in this part establish radiation protection standards, limits, and program requirements for protecting individuals from ionizing radiation resulting from the conduct of DOE activities. Code of Federal Regulations PART 835-OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION (127.39 KB) More Documents & Publications Order Module--NNSA OCCUPATIONAL

  12. How to Detect Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    How to Detect Radiation How to Survey Measurement Safety Around Radiation Sources Types of Radiation Exposure Managing Radiation Emergencies Procedure Demonstration Detection How to Detect Radiation Radiation cannot be detected by human senses. A variety of instruments are available for detecting and measuring radiation. Examples of radiation survey meters: photos of survey meters alphacounter1.JPG (28857 bytes) This probe is used for the detection of alpha radiation. The most common type of

  13. EPA Clean Energy Incentive Program Stakeholder Calls- Potential CEIP Project Partners

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is inviting participants to a stakeholder call to gather input and ideas about the Clean Energy Incentive Program (CEIP), a Clean Power Plan program designed to provide additional incentives for early investments in zero-emitting wind or solar power projects as well as in energy efficiency measures in low-income communities. This call will focus on hearing ideas and input from groups that have a general interest in CEIP projects, such as environmental justice groups, community groups, local governments, tribes, and environmental non-governmental organizations.

  14. Laboratory testing of geomembrane for waste containment EPA Method 9090, March 1995. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitlock, R.W.

    1995-05-15

    This report describes the work performed by TRI/Environmental, Inc. (TRI) to determine the chemical compatibility of one geomembrane and one seamed geomembrane with four synthetically generated leachates. The objective was to determine the resistance of the geomembrane to changes caused by exposure to the leachates. Changes in physical and mechanical properties were measured after exposure to the leachates at 23 C and 50 C for 30, 60, 90 and 120 days. Exposures were performed in accordance with the exposure regimen specified in US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Method 9090A. Methods, results and discussion are provided. Test results are also provided in the Tables of Results which accompany this report.

  15. DOE Offers Technical Assistance on EPA Rules Implementation to States and the Utility Industry

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is offering technical assistance to state public utility commissioners, generation owner/operators, and utilities on implementing the new and pending EPA air rules affecting the electric utility industry. Examples of typical assistance include technical information on cost and performance of the various power plant pollution retrofit control technologies; technical information on generation, demand-side or transmission alternatives for any replacement power needed for retiring generating units; and assistance to public utility commissions regarding any regulatory evaluations or approvals they may have to make on utility compliance strategies.

  16. radiation.p65

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Potential Health Hazards of Radiation Man-made sources of radiation, most notably from medical uses and consumer products, contribute to the remaining radiation dose that ...

  17. ARM - Field Campaign - RAdiative Divergence using AMF, GERB and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    could not be obtained. A fundamental problem with all airborne experiments is the limited spatial and temporal sampling of the variability of the radiative fluxes, because of the...

  18. http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cemp/Radiation.html

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Potassium-40 in table salt, Radium- 226 in drinking ... radiation, usually with a limited penetrating power. ... events, and turn water into steam for electricity. ...

  19. CONTROL LIMITER DEVICE

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    DeShong, J.A.

    1960-03-01

    A control-limiting device for monltoring a control system is described. The system comprises a conditionsensing device, a condition-varying device exerting a control over the condition, and a control means to actuate the condition-varying device. A control-limiting device integrates the total movement or other change of the condition-varying device over any interval of time during a continuum of overlapping periods of time, and if the tothl movement or change of the condition-varying device exceeds a preset value, the control- limiting device will switch the control of the operated apparatus from automatic to manual control.

  20. Optical limiting materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McBranch, Duncan W.; Mattes, Benjamin R.; Koskelo, Aaron C.; Heeger, Alan J.; Robinson, Jeanne M.; Smilowitz, Laura B.; Klimov, Victor I.; Cha, Myoungsik; Sariciftci, N. Serdar; Hummelen, Jan C.

    1998-01-01

    Optical limiting materials. Methanofullerenes, fulleroids and/or other fullerenes chemically altered for enhanced solubility, in liquid solution, and in solid blends with transparent glass (SiO.sub.2) gels or polymers, or semiconducting (conjugated) polymers, are shown to be useful as optical limiters (optical surge protectors). The nonlinear absorption is tunable such that the energy transmitted through such blends saturates at high input energy per pulse over a wide range of wavelengths from 400-1100 nm by selecting the host material for its absorption wavelength and ability to transfer the absorbed energy into the optical limiting composition dissolved therein. This phenomenon should be generalizable to other compositions than substituted fullerenes.

  1. Survivable pulse power space radiator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mims, James; Buden, David; Williams, Kenneth

    1989-01-01

    A thermal radiator system is described for use on an outer space vehicle, which must survive a long period of nonuse and then radiate large amounts of heat for a limited period of time. The radiator includes groups of radiator panels that are pivotally connected in tandem, so that they can be moved to deployed configuration wherein the panels lie largely coplanar, and to a stowed configuration wherein the panels lie in a stack to resist micrometeorite damage. The panels are mounted on a boom which separates a hot power source from a payload. While the panels are stowed, warm fluid passes through their arteries to keep them warm enough to maintain the coolant in a liquid state and avoid embrittlement of material. The panels can be stored in a largely cylindrical shell, with panels progressively further from the boom being of progressively shorter length.

  2. Survivable pulse power space radiator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mims, J.; Buden, D.; Williams, K.

    1988-03-11

    A thermal radiator system is described for use on an outer space vehicle, which must survive a long period of nonuse and then radiate large amounts of heat for a limited period of time. The radiator includes groups of radiator panels that are pivotally connected in tandem, so that they can be moved to deployed configuration wherein the panels lie largely coplanar, and to a stowed configuration wherein the panels lie in a stack to resist micrometerorite damage. The panels are mounted on a boom which separates a hot power source from a payload. While the panels are stowed, warm fluid passes through their arteries to keep them warm enough to maintain the coolant in a liquid state and avoid embrittlement of material. The panels can be stored in a largely cylindrical shell, with panels progressively further from the boom being of progressively shorter length. 5 figs.

  3. RADIATION SHIELDING COMPOSITION

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dunegan, H.L.

    1963-01-29

    A light weight radiation shielding composition is described whose mechanical and radiological properties can be varied within wide limits. The composition of this shielding material consists of four basic ingredients: powder of either Pb or W, a plastic resin, a resin plasticizer, and a polymerization catalyst to promote an interaction of the plasticizer with the plastic resin. Air may be mixed into the above ingredients in order to control the density of the final composition. For equivalent gamma attenuation, the shielding composition weighs one-third to one-half as much as conventional Pb shielding. (AEC)

  4. Radiation Protection and Safety Training | Environmental Radiation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Radiation Protection and Safety Training (3 hrs) Instructors: John Seaman and Neil Miller ... with an introduction to the fundamentals of ionizing radiation protection and safety. ...

  5. PEAK LIMITING AMPLIFIER

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goldsworthy, W.W.; Robinson, J.B.

    1959-03-31

    A peak voltage amplitude limiting system adapted for use with a cascade type amplifier is described. In its detailed aspects, the invention includes an amplifier having at least a first triode tube and a second triode tube, the cathode of the second tube being connected to the anode of the first tube. A peak limiter triode tube has its control grid coupled to thc anode of the second tube and its anode connected to the cathode of the second tube. The operation of the limiter is controlled by a bias voltage source connected to the control grid of the limiter tube and the output of the system is taken from the anode of the second tube.

  6. Radiation-induced lung injury

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosiello, R.A.; Merrill, W.W. )

    1990-03-01

    The use of radiation therapy is limited by the occurrence of the potentially fatal clinical syndromes of radiation pneumonitis and fibrosis. Radiation pneumonitis usually becomes clinically apparent from 2 to 6 months after completion of radiation therapy. It is characterized by fever, cough, dyspnea, and alveolar infiltrates on chest roentgenogram and may be difficult to differentiate from infection or recurrent malignancy. The pathogenesis is uncertain, but appears to involve both direct lung tissue toxicity and an inflammatory response. The syndrome may resolve spontaneously or may progress to respiratory failure. Corticosteroids may be effective therapy if started early in the course of the disease. The time course for the development of radiation fibrosis is later than that for radiation pneumonitis. It is usually present by 1 year following irradiation, but may not become clinically apparent until 2 years after radiation therapy. It is characterized by the insidious onset of dyspnea on exertion. It most often is mild, but can progress to chronic respiratory failure. There is no known successful treatment for this condition. 51 references.

  7. DOE 2013 occupational radiation exposure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2014-11-01

    The Office of Analysis within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environment, Health, Safety and Security (EHSS) publishes the annual DOE Occupational Radiation Exposure Report to provide an overview of the status of radiation protection practices at DOE (including the National Nuclear Security Administration [NNSA]). The DOE 2013 Occupational Radiation Exposure Report provides an evaluation of DOE-wide performance regarding compliance with Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), Part 835, Occupational Radiation Protection dose limits and as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) process requirements. In addition, the report provides data to DOE organizations responsible for developing policies for protection of individuals from the adverse health effects of radiation. The report provides a summary and an analysis of occupational radiation exposure information from the monitoring of individuals involved in DOE activities. Over the past five-year period, the occupational radiation exposure information has been analyzed in terms of aggregate data, dose to individuals, and dose by site.

  8. Air pollution EPA'S efforts to control gasoline vapors from motor vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    This report examines ozone, often called smog, which is a respiratory irritant, and long-term exposure may cause permanent lung damage. Attempts by EPA to reduce gasoline vapors, a major contributor to ozone, by requiring refiners to lower the volatility (evaporation rate) of gasoline sold during the summer months when most high ozone levels occur and auto manufacturers to install vapor recovery equipment (onboard controls) on motor vehicles. Beginning in 1989 (Phase I), the maximum volatility of gasoline sold during the summer would fall to 10.5 pounds per square inch and beginning in 1992 (Phase II), the maximum volatility would fall to 9.0 pounds per square inch. EPA has not yet acted on Phase II reductions because it disagrees with the Department of Transportation on the dangers of adding onboard controls to vehicles. DOT believes the onboard controls may pose an increased risk of fire during crashes. In this report's view, the Stage II controls are a practical and feasible way to control refueling vapors and that onboard controls may well surpass the effectiveness of Phase II controls and therefore should not be abandoned as a way to reduce gasoline vapors.

  9. Drive Cycle Powertrain Efficiencies and Trends Derived From EPA Vehicle Dynamometer Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, John F

    2014-01-01

    Vehicle manufacturers among others are putting great emphasis on improving fuel economy (FE) of light-duty vehicles in the U.S. market, with significant FE gains being realized in recent years. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) data indicates that the aggregate FE of vehicles produced for the U.S. market has improved by over 20% from model year (MY) 2005 to 2013. This steep climb in FE includes changes in vehicle choice, improvements in engine and transmission technology, and reducing aerodynamic drag, rolling resistance, and parasitic losses. The powertrain related improvements focus on optimizing in-use efficiency of the transmission and engine as a system, and may make use of what is termed downsizing and/or downspeeding. This study explores quantifying recent improvements in powertrain efficiency, viewed separately from other vehicle alterations and attributes (noting that most vehicle changes are not completely independent). A methodology is outlined to estimate powertrain efficiency for the U.S city and highway cycle tests using data from the EPA vehicle database. Comparisons of common conventional gasoline powertrains for similar MY 2005 and 2013 vehicles are presented, along with results for late-model hybrid electric vehicles, the Nissan Leaf, Chevy Volt and other selected vehicles.

  10. Drive Cycle Powertrain Efficiencies and Trends Derived from EPA Vehicle Dynamometer Results

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Thomas, John

    2014-10-13

    Vehicle manufacturers among others are putting great emphasis on improving fuel economy (FE) of light-duty vehicles in the U.S. market, with significant FE gains being realized in recent years. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) data indicates that the aggregate FE of vehicles produced for the U.S. market has improved by over 20% from model year (MY) 2005 to 2013. This steep climb in FE includes changes in vehicle choice, improvements in engine and transmission technology, and reducing aerodynamic drag, rolling resistance, and parasitic losses. The powertrain related improvements focus on optimizing in-use efficiency of the transmission and engine asmore » a system, and may make use of what is termed downsizing and/or downspeeding. This study explores quantifying recent improvements in powertrain efficiency, viewed separately from other vehicle alterations and attributes (noting that most vehicle changes are not completely independent). A methodology is outlined to estimate powertrain efficiency for the U.S city and highway cycle tests using data from the EPA vehicle database. Comparisons of common conventional gasoline powertrains for similar MY 2005 and 2013 vehicles are presented, along with results for late-model hybrid electric vehicles, the Nissan Leaf, Chevy Volt and other selected vehicles.« less

  11. Drive Cycle Powertrain Efficiencies and Trends Derived from EPA Vehicle Dynamometer Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, John

    2014-10-13

    Vehicle manufacturers among others are putting great emphasis on improving fuel economy (FE) of light-duty vehicles in the U.S. market, with significant FE gains being realized in recent years. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) data indicates that the aggregate FE of vehicles produced for the U.S. market has improved by over 20% from model year (MY) 2005 to 2013. This steep climb in FE includes changes in vehicle choice, improvements in engine and transmission technology, and reducing aerodynamic drag, rolling resistance, and parasitic losses. The powertrain related improvements focus on optimizing in-use efficiency of the transmission and engine as a system, and may make use of what is termed downsizing and/or downspeeding. This study explores quantifying recent improvements in powertrain efficiency, viewed separately from other vehicle alterations and attributes (noting that most vehicle changes are not completely independent). A methodology is outlined to estimate powertrain efficiency for the U.S city and highway cycle tests using data from the EPA vehicle database. Comparisons of common conventional gasoline powertrains for similar MY 2005 and 2013 vehicles are presented, along with results for late-model hybrid electric vehicles, the Nissan Leaf, Chevy Volt and other selected vehicles.

  12. Review and analysis of proposed EPA groundwater standards for the UMTRA Project. [Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-10-01

    The Title I groundwater standards for inactive uranium mill tailings sites, which were promulgated on January 5, 1983, by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project, were remanded to the EPA on September 3, 1985, by the US Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals. The Court instructed the EPA to compile general groundwater standards for all sites. On September 24, 1987, the EPA published proposed standards in response to the remand. This Summary Report includes an evaluation of the potential effects of the proposed EPA groundwater standards on the UMTRA Project as well as a discussion of the DOE's position on the proposed standards. This report is accompanied by a detailed Technical Report and Appendices which provide supporting information and analyses. This Summary Report results from a study undertaken to: determine the impact of the proposed standards on the UMTRA Project; and recommend provisions for the implementation of the final standards that will minimize adverse impact to the conduct of the UMTRA Project while ensuring protection of human health and the environment. Specifically, the following were considered: the flexibility of the proposed standards; interpretations of the proposed standards; the extent of aquifer restoration that may be required to implement the proposed standards at each site; the costs of aquifer restoration; and design changes necessary to meet the standards.

  13. Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Contacts Hirohito Ogasawara, Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource Dennis Nordlund, Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource Anders Nilsson, Stanford Synchrotron ...

  14. Types of Radiation Exposure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    External Irradiation Contamination Incorporation Biological Effects of Acute, Total Body Irradiation Managing Radiation Emergencies Procedure Demonstration Types of radiation ...

  15. EPA's law enforcement authority. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session, December 19, 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    Criminal investigators from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its field offices testified at a hearing on whether EPA has sufficient authority to investigate criminal violations, particularly in the area of illegal disposal of hazardous materials. They reported on the agency's progress in staffing a unit with authority comparable to that of Customs and the FBI. The Justice Department opposed deputizing EPA investigators, but the committee found that investigators in the 22 states surveyed operate with law-enforcement powers. Material submitted for the record by EPA, the Justice Department, and others follows the testimony of 10 witnesses.

  16. Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) chemical substances inventory: PMN number to EPA accession number link (for microcomputers). Data file

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-11-01

    The PMN Number to EPA Accession Number Link Diskette provides a cross-reference of these numbers for commenced PMNs on the confidential portion of the TSCA Master Inventory File. Neither this cross-reference nor the additional information included is TSCA Confidential Business Information. Provided on the diskette for each confidential commenced PMN are the PMN Case Number, EPA Accession Number, Generic Name, and EPA special flags. The sequence of the file is in ascending PMN Case Number order with `P` case numbers sorted first, followed by `Y` case numbers. For more detailed information on the confidential portion of the TSCA Inventory, including generic names, users can consult the introductory material of the printed TSCA Inventory: 1985 Edition and its 1990 Supplement. New versions of this file may be issued in the future. No search software is provided with this DOS formatted diskette.

  17. Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) chemical substances inventory: PMN number to EPA accession number link (for microcomputers). Data file

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-01

    The PMN Number to EPA Accession Number Link Diskette provides a cross-reference of these numbers for commenced PMNs on the confidential portion of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Master Inventory File. Neither this cross-reference nor the additional information included is TSCA Confidential Business Information. Provided on the diskette for each confidential commenced PMN are the PMN Case Number, EPA Accession Number, Generic Name, and EPA special flags. For more detailed information on the confidential portion of the TSCA Inventory, including generic names, users can consult the introductory material of the printed TSCA Inventory: 1985 Edition and its 1990 Supplement. New versions of this file may be issued in the future.

  18. Improved limited discrepancy search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korf, R.E.

    1996-12-31

    We present an improvement to Harvey and Ginsberg`s limited discrepancy search algorithm, which eliminates much of the redundancy in the original, by generating each path from the root to the maximum search depth only once. For a complete binary tree of depth d this reduces the asymptotic complexity from O(d+2/2 2{sup d}) to O(2{sup d}). The savings is much less in a partial tree search, or in a heavily pruned tree. The overhead of the improved algorithm on a complete binary tree is only a factor of b/(b - 1) compared to depth-first search. While this constant factor is greater on a heavily pruned tree, this improvement makes limited discrepancy search a viable alternative to depth-first search, whenever the entire tree may not be searched. Finally, we present both positive and negative empirical results on the utility of limited discrepancy search, for the problem of number partitioning.

  19. United States Office of Radiation and EP A Environmental Protection Indoor Air August 1997

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    EP A Environmental Protection Indoor Air August 1997 Agency Washington, DC 20460 EPA-402-R-97-015 GEPA Offsite Environmental RECEIVED Monitoring Report , , , , , , 0 . S T I Radiation Monitoring Around United States Nuclear Test Areas, Calendar Year 1996 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Governrnent. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied,

  20. Optical limiting materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McBranch, D.W.; Mattes, B.R.; Koskelo, A.C.; Heeger, A.J.; Robinson, J.M.; Smilowitz, L.B.; Klimov, V.I.; Cha, M.; Sariciftci, N.S.; Hummelen, J.C.

    1998-04-21

    Methanofullerenes, fulleroids and/or other fullerenes chemically altered for enhanced solubility, in liquid solution, and in solid blends with transparent glass (SiO{sub 2}) gels or polymers, or semiconducting (conjugated) polymers, are shown to be useful as optical limiters (optical surge protectors). The nonlinear absorption is tunable such that the energy transmitted through such blends saturates at high input energy per pulse over a wide range of wavelengths from 400--1,100 nm by selecting the host material for its absorption wavelength and ability to transfer the absorbed energy into the optical limiting composition dissolved therein. This phenomenon should be generalizable to other compositions than substituted fullerenes. 5 figs.

  1. Nevada Test Site Radiation Protection Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radiological Control Managers' Council, Nevada Test Site

    2007-08-09

    Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 835, 'Occupational Radiation Protection', establishes radiation protection standards, limits, and program requirements for protecting individuals from ionizing radiation resulting from the conduct of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) activities. 10 CFR 835.101(a) mandates that DOE activities be conducted in compliance with a documented Radiation Protection Program (RPP) as approved by DOE. This document promulgates the RPP for the Nevada Test Site (NTS), related (onsite or offsite) DOE National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) operations, and environmental restoration offsite projects.

  2. Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 2): Renora, Inc., operable unit 2, Edison Township, Middlesex County, NJ, September 30, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-04-01

    This Record of Decision (ROD) Amendment documents the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) selection of a modified remedy for the Renora, Inc. site. The initial ROD for the Renora site included the excavation and off-site disposal of soils contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls, (PCBs) and biodegradation of PAH-contaminated soils. The first phase of the remedy, involving the PCB-contaminated soils, has been completed. Therefore, the remedy will be modified to include the removal of surface soils contaminated with PAHs.

  3. The OSHA and EPA programs on preventing chemical accidents and potential applications in the photovoltaic industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fthenakis, V.M.

    1996-08-01

    OSHA issued in 1992, the Process Safety Management (PSM) of Highly Hazardous Substances. This rule requires owners/operators of facilities that handle hazardous chemicals in quantities greater than the listed thresholds to establish all the elements of a PSM. EPA has issued in June 1996, the rules for a Risk Management Program which also refers to specific substances and threshold quantities. These rules are applicable to all the facilities that use or store any of 139 regulated substances at quantities ranging from 100 lb to 10,000 lb. The RMP rule covers off-site hazards, while the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) rule covers worker safety issues within the plant boundary. Some of the listed substances may be found in photovoltaic manufacturing facilities. This brief report presents the basic elements of these two rules and discusses their potential applicability in the photovoltaic industry.

  4. Combined heat recovery and dry scrubbing for MWCs to meet the new EPA guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finnis, P.J.; Heap, B.M.

    1997-12-01

    Both the UK and US Municipal Waste Combuster (MWC) markets have undergone upgraded regulatory control. In the UK, the government`s Integrated Pollution Control (IPC) regime, enforced by the 1990 Environmental Protection Act (EPA) Standard IPR5/3 moved control of emissions of MWCs from local councils to the government Environmental Authority (EA). Existing MWCs had until December 1, 1996 to complete environmental upgrades. Simultaneously, the European Community (EC) was finalizing more stringent legislation to take place in the year 2001. In the US, the 1990 Clean Air Act amendments required the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to issue emission guidelines for new and existing facilities. Existing facilities are likely to have only until the end of 1999 to complete upgrades. In North America, Procedair Industries Corp had received contracts from Kvaerner EnviroPower AB, for APC systems of four new Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) fluid bed boilers that incorporated low outlet temperature economizers as part of the original boiler equipment. The Fayetteville, North Carolina facility was designed for 200,000 tpy. What all these facilities have in common is low economizer outlet temperatures of 285{degrees}F coupled with a Total Dry Scrubbing System. MWC or RDF facilities using conventional spray dryer/fabric filter combinations have to have economizer gas outlet temperatures about 430{degrees}F to allow for evaporation of the lime slurry in the spray dryer without the likelihood of wall build up or moisture carry over. Since the Totally Dry Scrubbing System can operate with economizer gas outlet temperatures about 285{degrees}F, the added energy available for sale from adding low outlet temperature economizer heat recovery can be considerable. This paper focuses on Procedair`s new plant and retrofit experience using `Dry Venturi Reactor/Fabric Filter` combinations with the lower inlet temperature operating conditions.

  5. RADIATION COUNTER

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goldsworthy, W.W.

    1958-02-01

    This patent relates to a radiation counter, and more particularly, to a scintillation counter having high uniform sensitivity over a wide area and capable of measuring alpha, beta, and gamma contamination over wide energy ranges, for use in quickly checking the contami-nation of personnel. Several photomultiplier tubes are disposed in parallel relationship with a light tight housing behind a wall of scintillation material. Mounted within the housing with the photomultipliers are circuit means for producing an audible sound for each pulse detected, and a range selector developing a voltage proportional to the repetition rate of the detected pulses and automatically altering its time constant when the voltage reaches a predetermined value, so that manual range adjustment of associated metering means is not required.

  6. Radiation dosimeters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoelsher, James W.; Hegland, Joel E.; Braunlich, Peter F.; Tetzlaff, Wolfgang

    1992-01-01

    Radiation dosimeters and dosimeter badges. The dosimeter badges include first and second parts which are connected to join using a securement to produce a sealed area in which at least one dosimeter is held and protected. The badge parts are separated to expose the dosimeters to a stimulating laser beam used to read dose exposure information therefrom. The badge is constructed to allow automated disassembly and reassembly in a uniquely fitting relationship. An electronic memory is included to provide calibration and identification information used during reading of the dosimeter. Dosimeter mounts which reduce thermal heating requirements are shown. Dosimeter constructions and production methods using thin substrates and phosphor binder-layers applied thereto are also taught.

  7. DOE occupational radiation exposure 2007 report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2007-12-31

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Corporate Safety Analysis (HS-30) within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) publishes the annual DOE Occupational Radiation Exposure Report to provide an overview of the status of radiation protection practices at DOE.* The annual DOEOccupational Radiation Exposure 2007 Report provides an evaluation of DOE-wide performance regarding compliance with DOE Part 835 dose limits and ALARA process requirements. In addition the report provides data to DOE organizations responsible for developing policies for protection of individuals from the effects of radiation. This report provides a summary and an analysis of occupational radiation exposure information from the monitoring of individuals involved in DOE activities. The occupational radiation exposure information is analyzed in terms of aggregate data, dose to individuals, and dose by site over the past five years.

  8. Offsite environmental monitoring report: Radiation monitoring around United States nuclear test areas, calendar year 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaloud, D.J.; Dicey, B.B.; Mullen, A.A.; Neale, A.C.; Sparks, A.R.; Fontana, C.A.; Carroll, L.D.; Phillips, W.G.; Smith, D.D.; Thome, D.J.

    1992-01-01

    This report describes the Offsite Radiation Safety Program conducted during 1991 by the Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory-Las Vegas. This laboratory operates an environmental radiation monitoring program in the region surrounding the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and at former test sites in Alaska, Colorado, Mississippi, Nevada, and New Mexico. The surveillance program is designed to measure levels and trends of radioactivity, if present, in the environment surrounding testing areas to ascertain whether current radiation levels and associated doses to the general public are in compliance with existing radiation protection standards. The surveillance program additionally has the responsibility to take action to protect the health and well being of the public in the event of any accidental release of radioactive contaminants. Offsite levels of radiation and radioactivity are assessed by sampling milk, water, and air; by deploying thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) and using pressurized ion chambers (PICs); and by biological monitoring of animals, food crops, and humans. Personnel with mobile monitoring equipment are placed in areas downwind from the test site prior to each nuclear weapons test to implement protective actions, provide immediate radiation monitoring, and obtain environmental samples rapidly after any occurrence of radioactivity release. Comparison of the measurements and sample analysis results with background levels and with appropriate standards and regulations indicated that there was no radioactivity detected offsite by the various EPA monitoring networks and no exposure above natural background to the population living in the vicinity of the NTS that could be attributed to current NTS activities. Annual and long-term trends were evaluated in the Noble Gas, Tritium, Milk Surveillance, Biomonitoring, TLD, PIC networks, and the Long-Term Hydrological Monitoring Program.

  9. Heat flux limiting sleeves

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harris, William G. (Tampa, FL)

    1985-01-01

    A heat limiting tubular sleeve extending over only a portion of a tube having a generally uniform outside diameter, the sleeve being open on both ends, having one end thereof larger in diameter than the other end thereof and having a wall thickness which decreases in the same direction as the diameter of the sleeve decreases so that the heat transfer through the sleeve and tube is less adjacent the large diameter end of the sleeve than adjacent the other end thereof.

  10. Adaptors for radiation detectors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Livesay, Ronald Jason

    2014-04-22

    Described herein are adaptors and other devices for radiation detectors that can be used to make accurate spectral measurements of both small and large bulk sources of radioactivity, such as building structures, soils, vessels, large equipment, and liquid bodies. Some exemplary devices comprise an adaptor for a radiation detector, wherein the adaptor can be configured to collimate radiation passing through the adapter from an external radiation source to the radiation detector and the adaptor can be configured to enclose a radiation source within the adapter to allow the radiation detector to measure radiation emitted from the enclosed radiation source.

  11. Adaptors for radiation detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Livesay, Ronald Jason

    2015-07-28

    Described herein are adaptors and other devices for radiation detectors that can be used to make accurate spectral measurements of both small and large bulk sources of radioactivity, such as building structures, soils, vessels, large equipment, and liquid bodies. Some exemplary devices comprise an adaptor for a radiation detector, wherein the adaptor can be configured to collimate radiation passing through the adapter from an external radiation source to the radiation detector and the adaptor can be configured to enclose a radiation source within the adapter to allow the radiation detector to measure radiation emitted from the enclosed radiation source.

  12. EPA and DOE Honor 2015 Energy Star Partners of the Year for Leadership on Energy Efficiency, Acting on Climate

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) are honoring 128 businesses and organizations in 33 states with the Energy Star’s Partner of the Year award for their commitment to saving energy and protecting the environment through superior energy efficiency achievements.

  13. Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment. The Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, authorizes DOE to protect the health and safety of the public against radiation. It is the Department's objective to operate its facilities and conduct activities so that radiation exposures to members of the public and the environment are maintained as low as is reasonably achievable (ALARA), within limits established in DOE O 458.1, Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment.

  14. Detailed balance limit of power conversion efficiency for organic photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seki, Kazuhiko; Furube, Akihiro; Yoshida, Yuji

    2013-12-16

    A fundamental difference between inorganic photovoltaic (IPV) and organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells is that charges are generated at the interface in OPV cells, while free charges can be generated in the bulk in IPV cells. In OPV cells, charge generation involves intrinsic energy losses to dissociate excitons at the interface between the donor and acceptor. By taking into account the energy losses, we show the theoretical limits of the power conversion efficiency set by radiative recombination of the carriers on the basis of the detailed balance relation between radiation from the cell and black-body radiation.

  15. Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, R. L.

    2002-02-27

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued radiation protection standards for the potential spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste disposal system in Yucca Mountain, Nevada. These standards are found in Part 197 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR Part 197). The Energy Policy Act of 1992 directed, and gave the authority to, EPA to take this action based upon input from the National Academy of Sciences (NAS). The final standards were published in the Federal Register (66 FR 32073) on 13 June 2001. The 40 CFR Part 197 standards have four major parts: (1) individual-protection during storage activities; (2) individual-protection following closure of the repository; (3) human-intrusion; and (4) ground-water protection. The storage standard is 150 microsieverts (Sv) annual committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE) to any member of the general public. The disposal standards are: (1) 150 Sv annual CEDE for the reasonably maximally exposed individual (RMEI) for 10,000 years after disposal; (2) 150 Sv received by the RMEI within 10,000 years after disposal as a result of human intrusion; and (3) the levels of radionuclides in the ground water cannot exceed 40 Sv from beta and gamma emitters, 5 picocuries per liter (pCi/L) of radium-226 and -228, and 15 pCi/L of gross alpha activity. There are also requirements related to the post-10,000-year period, the basis of compliance judgments, and performance assessments. The Agency has published its responses to the comments received, its technical background document, and its economic impact analysis. In addition to printed form, the documents are available on the World Wide Web at http://www.epa.gov/radiation/yucca/index.html.

  16. Fault current limiter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Darmann, Francis Anthony

    2013-10-08

    A fault current limiter (FCL) includes a series of high permeability posts for collectively define a core for the FCL. A DC coil, for the purposes of saturating a portion of the high permeability posts, surrounds the complete structure outside of an enclosure in the form of a vessel. The vessel contains a dielectric insulation medium. AC coils, for transporting AC current, are wound on insulating formers and electrically interconnected to each other in a manner such that the senses of the magnetic field produced by each AC coil in the corresponding high permeability core are opposing. There are insulation barriers between phases to improve dielectric withstand properties of the dielectric medium.

  17. (Limiting the greenhouse effect)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, S.

    1991-01-07

    Traveler attended the Dahlem Research Conference organized by the Freien Universitat, Berlin. The subject of the conference was Limiting the Greenhouse Effect: Options for Controlling Atmospheric CO{sub 2} Accumulation. Like all Dahlem workshops, this was a meeting of scientific experts, although the disciplines represented were broader than usual, ranging across anthropology, economics, international relations, forestry, engineering, and atmospheric chemistry. Participation by scientists from developing countries was limited. The conference was divided into four multidisciplinary working groups. Traveler acted as moderator for Group 3 which examined the question What knowledge is required to tackle the principal social and institutional barriers to reducing CO{sub 2} emissions'' The working rapporteur was Jesse Ausubel of Rockefeller University. Other working groups examined the economic costs, benefits, and technical feasibility of options to reduce emissions per unit of energy service; the options for reducing energy use per unit of GNP; and the significant of linkage between strategies to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions and other goals. Draft reports of the working groups are appended. Overall, the conference identified a number of important research needs in all four areas. It may prove particularly important in bringing the social and institutional research needs relevant to climate change closer to the forefront of the scientific and policy communities than hitherto.

  18. Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Sheep Cortical Bone Using Synchrotron Radiation Transmission X-ray Microscopy", PLoS ONE ... Garry R. Brock, Cornell University Joy C. Andrews, Stanford Synchrotron Radiation ...

  19. Radiation Effects Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Facilities Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Reasearch Facility Geomechanics and ... Twitter Google + Vimeo Newsletter Signup SlideShare Radiation Effects Sciences Home...

  20. Offsite environmental monitoring report: Radiation monitoring around United States nuclear test areas, calendar year 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaloud, D.J; Daigler, D.M.; Davis, M.G.

    1996-06-01

    This report describes the Offsite Radiation Safety Program conducted during 1993 by the Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory - Las Vegas (EMSL-LV). This laboratory operates an environmental radiation monitoring program in the region surrounding the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and at former test sites in Alaska, Colorado, Mississippi, Nevada, and New Mexico. The surveillance program is designed to measure levels and trends of radioactivity, if present, in the environment surrounding testing areas to ascertain whether current radiation levels and associated doses to the general public are in compliance with existing radiation protection standards. The surveillance program additionally has the responsibility to take action to protect the health and well being of the public in the event of any accidental release of radioactive contaminants. Offsite levels of radiation and radioactivity are assessed by sampling milk, water, and air; by deploying thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) and using pressurized ionization chambers (PICs); by biological monitoring of foodstuffs including animal tissues and food crops; and by measurement of radioactive material deposited in humans.