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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

RETRIEVAL OF ATMOSPHERIC INVERSIONS USING GEOSTATIONARY HIGH-SPECTRAL-RESOLUTION SOUNDER RADIANCE INFORMATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P5.38 RETRIEVAL OF ATMOSPHERIC INVERSIONS USING GEOSTATIONARY HIGH-SPECTRAL- RESOLUTION SOUNDER RADIANCE INFORMATION Jun Li Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) University and possible fog formation, numerical model initialization, and sounding retrieval. High- spectral

Li, Jun

2

Influence of sky radiance measurement errors on inversion-retrieved aerosol properties  

SciTech Connect

Remote sensing of the atmospheric aerosol is a well-established technique that is currently used for routine monitoring of this atmospheric component, both from ground-based and satellite. The AERONET program, initiated in the 90's, is the most extended network and the data provided are currently used by a wide community of users for aerosol characterization, satellite and model validation and synergetic use with other instrumentation (lidar, in-situ, etc.). Aerosol properties are derived within the network from measurements made by ground-based Sun-sky scanning radiometers. Sky radiances are acquired in two geometries: almucantar and principal plane. Discrepancies in the products obtained following both geometries have been observed and the main aim of this work is to determine if they could be justified by measurement errors. Three systematic errors have been analyzed in order to quantify the effects on the inversion-derived aerosol properties: calibration, pointing accuracy and finite field of view. Simulations have shown that typical uncertainty in the analyzed quantities (5% in calibration, 0.2 Degree-Sign in pointing and 1.2 Degree-Sign field of view) yields to errors in the retrieved parameters that vary depending on the aerosol type and geometry. While calibration and pointing errors have relevant impact on the products, the finite field of view does not produce notable differences.

Torres, B.; Toledano, C.; Cachorro, V. E.; Bennouna, Y. S.; Fuertes, D.; Gonzalez, R.; Frutos, A. M. de [Atmospheric Optics Group (GOA), University of Valladolid, Valladolid (Spain); Berjon, A. J. [Izana Atmospheric Research Center, Meteorological State Agency of Spain (AEMET), Sta. Cruz de Tenerife (Spain); Dubovik, O.; Goloub, P.; Podvin, T.; Blarel, L. [Laboratory of Atmospheric Optics, Universite Lille 1, Villeneuve d'Ascq (France)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

3

Spatial and Temporal Variations in Mesoscale Water Vapor Retrieved from TOVS Infrared Radiances in a Nocturnal Inversion Situation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale moisture fields are retrieved from TOVS (TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder) infrared radiances from two polar-orbiting satellites. A special feature of the retrieval process is the determination of the surface skin temperature ...

Donald W. Hillger

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Nadir Correction of AIRS Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistical method to correct for the limb effect in off-nadir Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) channel radiances is described, using the channel radiance itself and principal components (PCs) of the other channel radiances to account for ...

Chee-Kiat Teo; Tieh-Yong Koh

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

radiance | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

radiance radiance Dataset Summary Description Freedom Field is a not-for-profit organization formed to facilitate development and commercialization of renewable energy solutions. The organization has installed a variety of renewable energy generating technologies at their facility (located at Rock River Water Reclamation in Rockford, IL), with the intention of serving as a demonstration facility. The facility monitors data (at 5-minute intervals) from a weather station, 12.4 kW of PV panels (56 220-watt panels), a 10kW wind turbine (HAWT), a 1.2 kW wind turbine (VAWT), an absorption cooling system, and biogas burners. Source Freedom Field Date Released July 19th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biogas monitoring data PV radiance solar temperature

6

Underwater Radiance Distributions Measured with Miniaturized Multispectral Radiance Cameras  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Miniaturized radiance cameras measuring underwater multispectral radiances in all directions at high-radiometric accuracy (CE600) are presented. The camera design is described, as well as the main steps of its optical and radiometric ...

David Antoine; André Morel; Edouard Leymarie; Amel Houyou; Bernard Gentili; Stéphane Victori; Jean-Pierre Buis; Nicolas Buis; Sylvain Meunier; Marius Canini; Didier Crozel; Bertrand Fougnie; Patrice Henry

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

The underwater radiance distribution problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE UNDERWATER RADIANCE DISTRIBUTION PROBLEM S. Q. DuntleyFunction of Depth in an Underwater Environment," which firsta Function of Depth in an Underwater Environment," which has

Duntley, Seibert Q

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

ARM - Measurement - Longwave spectral radiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spectral radiance spectral radiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Longwave spectral radiance The rate at which the spectrally resolved radiant energy in the longwave portion of the spectrum is emitted in a particular direction per unit area perpendicular to the direction of radiation. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer ASSIST : Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared Spectral

9

Radiance Covariance and Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectral empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs) derived from the covariance of satellite radiance spectra may be interpreted in terms of the vertical distribution of the covariance of temperature, water vapor, and clouds. This has been done for ...

Robert Haskins; Richard Goody; Luke Chen

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Validation of ERBS Scanner Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The earth radiation budget satellite (ERBS) has made broadband scanner measurements of the earth radiance for over 5 years. The redundancy between the shortwave, longwave, and total scanning radiometers and data averages have been used to ...

Richard N. Green; Lee M. Avis

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Radiance: Synthetic Imaging System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Radiance: Synthetic Imaging System Radiance: Synthetic Imaging System Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: RADIANCE Agency/Company /Organization: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: radsite.lbl.gov/radiance/ Cost: Free References: Radiance[1] Logo: RADIANCE RADIANCE is a highly accurate ray-tracing software system for UNIX computers that is licensed at no cost in source form. Radiance was developed with primary support from the U.S. Department Of Energy and additional support from the Swiss Federal Government. Radiance is a suite of programs for the analysis and visualization of lighting in design. Input files specify the scene geometry, materials, luminaires,time, date

12

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave narrowband radiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

narrowband radiance narrowband radiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Shortwave narrowband radiance A measure of the intrinsic radiant energy flux intensity, at wavelengths between 0.4 and 4 {mu}, emitted by a radiator in a given direction, expressed in units of energy per unit time per unit solid angle. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CSPHOT : Cimel Sunphotometer SWS : Shortwave Spectroradiometer

13

Radiance Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Radiance Solar Radiance Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Radiance Solar Place Atlanta, Georgia Zip 30318 Product Commercial and residential PV installer based in Atlanta. Coordinates 33.748315°, -84.391109° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.748315,"lon":-84.391109,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

14

Retrieval of Atmospheric Profiles from Satellite Radiance Data by Typical Shape Function Maximum a Posteriori Simultaneous Retrieval Estimators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The retrieval of vertical profiles of temperature and water vapor from atmospheric radiances is an ill-posed, nonlinear inversion problem. A linear retrieval estimator must be cast in a form which both minimizes the effects of unmodeled nonlinear ...

Michael J. Uddstrom

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Radiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiance Radiance Radiance logo. Advanced lighting simulation and rendering package; calculates spectral radiance values (illuminance & color) and spectral irradiance (illuminance & color) for interior and exterior spaces considering electric lighting, daylight and interreflection. Used by architects and designers to predict illumination, visual quality and appearance of design spaces. Used by researchers to evaluate new lighting and daylighting technologies and study visual comfort and similar quantities related to the visual environment. Keywords lighting, daylighting, rendering Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required High level of computer literacy required; 4 days training, minimum. Users Over 200. Audience Daylighting, lighting, and architectural designers.

16

NIST Lunar spectral irradiance and radiance (LUSI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... However, a spectrally resolved model that allows trending at the 0.1 % level ... of the lunar irradiance and radiance at reflected solar wavelengths. ...

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

17

Global illumination with radiance regression functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present radiance regression functions for fast rendering of global illumination in scenes with dynamic local light sources. A radiance regression function (RRF) represents a non-linear mapping from local and contextual attributes of surface points, ... Keywords: global illumination, neural network, non-linear regression, real time rendering

Peiran Ren; Jiaping Wang; Minmin Gong; Stephen Lin; Xin Tong; Baining Guo

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Update of Radiance Calibrations for ISCCP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since July 1983 ISCCP has collected, normalized, and calibrated radiance data (visible and thermal infrared) from the imaging radiometers on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration polar orbiters and from the geostationary satellites ...

Christopher L. Brest; William B. Rossow; Miriam D. Roiter

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Diagnosing Convective Instability from GOES-8 Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistical algorithms are developed to diagnose the vertical change in equivalent potential temperature (??e) between 920 and 620 hPa from GOES-8 radiance data. The models are prepared using a training dataset of radiosonde releases from 10 ...

P. Anil Rao; Henry E. Fuelberg

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Infrared Radiance Modeling by Optimal Spectral Sampling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a rapid and accurate technique for the numerical modeling of band transmittances and radiances in media with nonhomogeneous thermodynamic properties (i.e., temperature and pressure), containing a mixture of absorbing gases ...

Jean-Luc Moncet; Gennady Uymin; Alan E. Lipton; Hilary E. Snell

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A Parameterization of Broadband Conversion Factors for METEOSAT Visible Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conversion of radiances measured by the METEOSAT visible channel into broadband radiances can be performed as long as the appropriate conversion factors are known. A simple model allowing a spectral description of the optical properties of ...

J. Stum; B. Pinty; D. Ramond

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer. Part I: Instrument Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A ground-based Fourier transform spectrometer has been developed to measure the atmospheric downwelling infrared radiance spectrum at the earth's surface with high absolute accuracy. The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) ...

R. O. Knuteson; H. E. Revercomb; F. A. Best; N. C. Ciganovich; R. G. Dedecker; T. P. Dirkx; S. C. Ellington; W. F. Feltz; R. K. Garcia; H. B. Howell; W. L. Smith; J. F. Short; D. C. Tobin

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Evaluation of a New Operational Technique for Producing Clear Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To produce atmospheric temperature profiles from measurements of infrared data, it is necessary to obtain infrared radiances for clear areas. Clear radiances are obtained either by identifying spots that are completely clear or by extracting ...

L. M. McMillin; C. Dean

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Angular Distributions of Downward Longwave Radiance and Their Meteorological Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measured thermal radiances (? > 3 ?m) from clear and cloudy skies are averaged over azimuth angles to obtain average sky radiances at various zenith angles. The observed variation of sky emissivity with zenith angle can be explained through the ...

Charles A. Coombes; Anthony W. Harrison

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

SCALE DRAM subsystem power analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To address the needs of the next generation of low-power systems, DDR2 SDRAM offers a number of low-power modes with various performance and power consumption tradeoffs. The SCALE DRAM Subsystem is an energy-aware DRAM ...

Bhalodia, Vimal

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Review of IP multimedia subsystem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) defines a network that has an all-IP core. This enables it to provide convergence across multimedia applications. Legacy networks like PSTN, PLMN are being rapidly phased out and an all-IP based flat network is close ... Keywords: AS, CSCF, HSS, IMS, SIP, architecture, classification, review, services

M. Sayyad; N. Ansari; S. Burli; H. Shah; A. Khatanhar

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Acceleration of Radiance for Lighting Simulation by using Parallel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conference Location Sydney, Australia Abstract This study attempted to accelerate annual daylighting simulations for fenestration systems in Radiance ray-tracing program. The...

28

Assessing Stability of CERES-FM3 Daytime Longwave Unfiltered Radiance with AIRS Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) daytime longwave (LW) radiances are determined from the difference between a total (TOT) channel (0.3–200 ?m) measurement and a shortwave (SW) channel (0.3–5 ?m) measurement, while nighttime LW ...

Xianglei Huang; Norman G. Loeb; Huiwen Chuang

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Very high radiance edge-emitting LED  

SciTech Connect

A new light-emitting diode (LED) whose radiance is 1000 W/cm/sup 2/sr, an order of magnitude higher than any previous LED, is described. The LED is an (AlGa)As double-heterojunction edge-emitting structure. This structure acts as a waveguide for the internally generated light, and with appropriate Al concentration difference at the heterojunctions (..delta..x approximately equal to 0.3) and active region width (approximately 500 A), the radiation pattern perpendicular to the junction can be less than 30/sup 0/ (FWHM). For fiber-optic communications this LED is capable of coupling 850 ..mu..w, at a coupling loss of only -10 dB into a 0.14-numerical-aperture (NA), 90-..mu..m-diam low-loss fiber. The LED is capable of being directly modulated at 250 MHz and has a spectral width of less than 300 A.

Ettenberg, M.; Kressel, H.; Wittke, J.P.

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Absolute spectral radiance responsivity calibration of sun photometers  

SciTech Connect

Sun photometers are designed to measure direct solar irradiance and diffused sky radiance for the purpose of atmospheric parameters characterization. A sun photometer is usually calibrated by using a lamp-illuminated integrating sphere source for its band-averaged radiance responsivity, which normally has an uncertainty of 3%-5% at present. Considering the calibration coefficients may also change with time, a regular high precision calibration is important to maintain data quality. In this paper, a tunable-laser-based facility for spectral radiance responsivity calibration has been developed at the Key Laboratory of Optical Calibration and Characterization, Chinese Academy of Sciences. A reference standard radiance radiometer, calibrated against cryogenic radiometer, is used to determine the radiance from a laser-illuminated integrating sphere source. Spectral radiance responsivity of CIMEL CE318-2 sun photometer is calibrated using this new calibration system with a combined standard uncertainty of about 0.8%. As a validation, the derived band-averaged radiance responsivity are compared to that from a Goddard Space Flight Center lamp-based sphere calibration and good agreements (difference <1.4%) are found from 675 to 1020 nm bands.

Xu Qiuyun; Zheng Xiaobing; Zhang Wei; Wang Xianhua; Li Jianjun; Li Xin [Key Laboratory of Optical Calibration and Characterization, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Li Zhengqiang [Laboratoire d'Optique Atmospherique, Universite Lille 1, Villeneuve d'Ascq 59655 (France) and State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101 (China)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

31

The ARM Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): Status and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The ARM Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): Status and The ARM Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): Status and Preliminary Assessments of Instrument Deployments in 2006 Dedecker, Ralph University of Wisconsin Demirgian, Jack Argonne National Laboratory Knuteson, Robert University Of Wisconsin Revercomb, Henry University of Wisconsin-Madison Tobin, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Turner, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Category: Instruments One of the key operational instruments at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ACRF) is the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). This instrument provides the ARM program with surface-based observations of infrared spectrally resolved radiance from a vertically directed cone with better than 1% accuracy. The data from

32

Vertical Covariance Localization for Satellite Radiances in Ensemble Kalman Filters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A widely used observation space covariance localization method is shown to adversely affect satellite radiance assimilation in ensemble Kalman filters (EnKFs) when compared to model space covariance localization. The two principal problems are ...

William F. Campbell; Craig H. Bishop; Daniel Hodyss

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Global, Seasonal Surface Variations from Satellite Radiance Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global, daily, visible, and infrared radiance measurements from the NOAA-5 Scanning Radiometer (SR) are analyzed for the months of January, April, July, and October 1977 to infer surface radiative properties A radiative transfer model that ...

William B. Rossow; Christopher L. Brest; Leonid C. Garder

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Determination of Moisture From NOAA Polar Orbiting Satellite Sounding Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is presented for deducing lower troposphere moisture fields from radiances measured by the operational polar orbiting NOAA satellites. Statistical evaluation of the technique demonstrates the viability of the approach. A case study with ...

Christopher M. Hayden; William L. Smith; Harold M. Woolf

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Establishing the Moon as a Spectral Radiance Standard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new automated observatory dedicated to the radiometry of the moon has been constructed to provide new radiance information for calibration of earth-orbiting imaging instruments, particularly Earth Observing System instruments. Instrumentation ...

Hugh H. Kieffer; Robert L. Wildey

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Radiance and Cloud Analyses from GOES-VAS Dwell Soundings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis technique for Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-VISSR (Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer) Atmospheric Sounder (GOES-VAS) sounder data was developed to extract cloud and clear radiance information. This ...

Donald P. Wylie; Harold M. Woolf

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Determination of Total Ozone Amount from TIROS Radiance Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Total ozone amounts are determined from atmospheric radiances measured by the TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS). The retrieval procedure is one of linear regression where total ozone amounts derived from Dobson spectrophotometer ...

Walter G. Planet; David S. Crosby; James H. Lienesch; Michael L. Hill

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Installation package for the solaron solar subsystems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This package contains information that is intended to be a guide for installation, operation, and maintenance of the various Solaron Solar Subsystems. The subsystems consist of the following: collectors, storage, transport (air handler) and controller for heat pump and off-peak storage. Two prototype residential systems have been installed at Akron, Ohio, and Duffield, Virginia.

Not Available

1979-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Acceleration of the matrix multiplication of Radiance three phase  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acceleration of the matrix multiplication of Radiance three phase Acceleration of the matrix multiplication of Radiance three phase daylighting simulations with parallel computing on heterogeneous hardware of personal computer Title Acceleration of the matrix multiplication of Radiance three phase daylighting simulations with parallel computing on heterogeneous hardware of personal computer Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-6461E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Zuo, Wangda, Andrew McNeil, Michael Wetter, and Eleanor S. Lee Journal Journal of Building Performance Simulation Keywords daylighting simulation, graphics processing unit, multicore central processing unit, OpenCL, parallel computing Abstract Building designers are increasingly relying on complex fenestration systems to reduce energy consumed for lighting and HVAC in low energy buildings. Radiance, a lighting simulation program, has been used to conduct daylighting simulations for complex fenestration systems. Depending on the configurations, the simulation can take hours or even days using a personal computer. This paper describes how to accelerate the matrix multiplication portion of a Radiance three-phase daylight simulation by conducting parallel computing on heterogeneous hardware of a personal computer. The algorithm was optimized and the computational part was implemented in parallel using OpenCL. The speed of new approach was evaluated using various daylighting simulation cases on a multicore central processing unit and a graphics processing unit. Based on the measurements and analysis of the time usage for the Radiance daylighting simulation, further speedups can be achieved by using fast I/O devices and storing the data in a binary format.

40

Comparing the Vertical Structures of Weighting Functions and Adjoint Sensitivity of Radiance and Verifying Mesoscale Forecasts Using AIRS Radiance Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An adjoint sensitivity analysis is conducted using the adjoint of the hyperspectral radiative transfer model (RTM) that simulates the radiance spectrum from the Advanced Infrared Sounder (AIRS). It is shown, both theoretically and numerically, ...

Matthew J. Carrier; Xiaolei Zou; William M. Lapenta

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Maintenance cost studies of present aircraft subsystems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report describes two detailed studies of actual maintenance costs for present transport aircraft. The first part describes maintenance costs for jet transport aircraft broken down into subsystem costs according to an ...

Pearlman, Chaim Herman Shalom

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Location conveyance in the IP multimedia subsystem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) has proposed the IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) as a key element in the next-generation network (NGN) converged architecture supporting multimedia services. Extending the IMS towards provisioning support for ...

Miran Mosmondor; Lea Skorin-Kapov; Renato Filjar

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Solar Stray Light Effects in Meteosat Radiances Observed and Quantified Using Operational Data Monitoring at ECMWF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiances in the water vapor (WV) and infrared channels of the Meteorological Satellite (Meteosat)-5 and -7 are being continuously monitored in the form of clear-sky radiances using the operational European Centre for Medium-Range Weather ...

Christina Köpken

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

An All-Weather Observational Operator for Radiance Data Assimilation with Mesoscale Forecast Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assimilating satellite radiance data under all weather conditions remains an outstanding problem in numerical weather prediction. This study develops an observational operator for use in radiance assimilation under both clear and cloudy ...

Thomas J. Greenwald; Rolf Hertenstein; Tomislava Vuki?evi?

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Determination of Unfiltered Radiances from the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System Instrument  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for determining unfiltered shortwave (SW), longwave (LW), and window radiances from filtered radiances measured by the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) satellite instrument is presented. The method uses ...

Norman G. Loeb; Kory J. Priestley; David P. Kratz; Erika B. Geier; Richard N. Green; Bruce A. Wielicki; Patricia O’Rawe Hinton; Sandra K. Nolan

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Radiometric and Geometric Calibration of a Visible Spectral Electro-Optic “Fisheye” Camera Radiance Distribution System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Camera systems which measure a complete hemispherical field (“fisheye” lens systems), can be applied to the measurement of the radiance, but accurate radiometric and geometric calibrations are required to obtain absolute radiance data. The ...

Kenneth J. Voss; Giuseppe Zibordi

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Time series analysis of AERI radiances for GCM testing and improvement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time series analysis of AERI radiances for GCM testing and improvement Time series analysis of AERI radiances for GCM testing and improvement Dykema, John Harvard University Leroy, Stephen Harvard University Anderson, James Harvard University Tobin, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Knuteson, Robert University Of Wisconsin Revercomb, Henry University of Wisconsin-Madison Category: Radiation High resolution infrared radiances measured by the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) contained detailed information about the structure and dynamics of temperature, water vapor, and clouds below 3 km. Infrared radiances also contain the signature of radiative forcing by well-mixed gases that constitutes the greenhouse effect. Direct comparison of these radiance observations to similar radiances calculated from output

48

CIMEL Measurements of Zenith Radiances at the ARM SGP Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CIMEL Measurements of Zenith Radiances CIMEL Measurements of Zenith Radiances at the ARM SGP Site W. J. Wiscombe National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Climate and Radiation Branch Greenbelt, Maryland A. Marshak and K. Evans Joint Center for Earth Systems Technology University of Maryland Baltimore, Maryland Y. Knyazikhin Department of Geography Boston University Boston, Massachusetts H. W. Barker Environment Canada Downsview, Ontario, Canada C. F. Pavloski Department of Meteorology Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania A. B. Davis Los Alamos National Laboratory Space and Remote Sensing Sciences Los Alamos, New Mexico M. Miller Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Introduction The objective of our study is to exploit the sharp spectral contrast in vegetated surface reflectance across

49

Posters Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Data Analysis Methods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Posters Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Data Analysis Methods R. O. Knuteson, W. L. Smith, S. A. Ackerman, H. E. Revercomb, H. Woolf, and H. Howell Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, Wisconsin Introduction Data from the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Inter- ferometer (AERI) have been analyzed for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Fourier Transform Data Analysis Tools science team project under the direction of William L. Smith of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The data consist of observations of the downwelling infrared emission at the surface from gaseous atmospheric constituents and from cloud and particulate aerosols. The observations are at 0.5 cm-1 spectral resolution over the

50

ARM's Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Data  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) measures the absolute infrared spectral radiance (watts per square meter per steradian per wavenumber) of the sky directly above the instrument. The spectral measurement range of the instrument is 3300 to 520 wavenumbers (cm-1) or 3-19.2 microns for the normal-range instruments and 3300 to 400 cm-1 or 3-25 microns for the extended-range polar instruments. Spectral resolution is 1.0 cm-1. Instrument field-of-view is 1.3 degrees. A calibrated sky radiance spectrum is produced every 8 minutes in normal mode and every minute in rapid sampling mode. The actual sample scan time is 20-30 sec in rapid sampling mode with periodic gaps when the instrument is looking at the blackbodies. Rapid sampling will become available in all AERIs. Rapid sampling time will eventually be reduced to data every 20 seconds. The AERI data can be used for (1) evaluating line-by-line radiative transport codes, (2) detecting/quantifying cloud effects on ground-based measurements of infrared spectral radiance (and hence is valuable for cloud property retrievals), and (3) calculating vertical atmospheric profiles of temperature and water vapor and the detection of trace gases.[Copied from http://www.arm.gov/instruments/aeri]

The ARM Archive at Oak Ridge National Laboratory holds data collected from the AERI for three of the permanent ARM sites, North Slope Alaska (NSA), Southern Great Plains (SGP), and the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), as well as from mobile facilities used during specific field campaigns. AERI data has been collected since 1995.

51

IBM system z10 I/O subsystem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance, reliability, and functionality of a large server are greatly influenced by the design characteristics of its I/O subsystem. The critical components of the IBM System z10™ I/O subsystem have, therefore, been significantly ...

E. W. Chencinski; M. A. Check; C. DeCusatis; H. Deng; M. Grassi; T. A. Gregg; M. M. Helms; A. D. Koenig; L. Mohr; K. Pandey; T. Schlipf; T. Schober; H. Ulrich; C. R. Walters

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Energy Efficient Proactive Thermal Management in Memory Subsystem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Efficient Proactive Thermal Management in Memory Subsystem Raid Ayoub rayoub management of memory subsystem is challenging due to performance and thermal constraints. Big energy gains appreciable energy savings in memory sub-system and mini- mize thermal problems. We adopt the consolidation

Simunic, Tajana

53

Space reactor system and subsystem investigations: assessment of technology issues for the reactor and shield subsystem. SP-100 Program  

SciTech Connect

As part of Rockwell's effort on the SP-100 Program, preliminary assessment has been completed of current nuclear technology as it relates to candidate reactor/shield subsystems for the SP-100 Program. The scope of the assessment was confined to the nuclear package (to the reactor and shield subsystems). The nine generic reactor subsystems presented in Rockwell's Subsystem Technology Assessment Report, ESG-DOE-13398, were addressed for the assessment.

Atkins, D.F.; Lillie, A.F.

1983-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

54

Space-reactor electric systems: subsystem technology assessment  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the subsystem technology assessment. For the purpose of this report, five subsystems were defined for a space reactor electric system, and the report is organized around these subsystems: reactor; shielding; primary heat transport; power conversion and processing; and heat rejection. The purpose of the assessment was to determine the current technology status and the technology potentials for different types of the five subsystems. The cost and schedule needed to develop these potentials were estimated, and sets of development-compatible subsystems were identified.

Anderson, R.V.; Bost, D.; Determan, W.R.

1983-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

55

Double Shell Tank (DST) Process Waste Sampling Subsystem Definition Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report defines the Double-Shell Tank (DST) Process Waste Sampling Subsystem (PWSS). This subsystem definition report fully describes and identifies the system boundaries of the PWSS. This definition provides a basis for developing functional, performance, and test requirements (i.e., subsystem specification), as necessary, for the PWSS. The resultant PWSS specification will include the sampling requirements to support the transfer of waste from the DSTs to the Privatization Contractor during Phase 1 of Waste Feed Delivery.

RASMUSSEN, J.H.

2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

56

GPU-based Calculation for Scattering Characteristics of Complex Targets from Background Radiance in Infrared Spectrum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scattering characteristic of complex targets from sky and ground background radiance plays an important role in engineering fields. Firstly, a 5-parameter BRDF (Bidirectional Reflectance Distributional Function) model is introduced. Then MODTRAN is used ... Keywords: scattering characteristic, background radiance, BRDF, GPU, CUDA, optimization

Xing Guo, Zhensen Wu, Longxiang Linghu, Yufeng Yang, Yunhua Cao, Jiaji Wu

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Residential photovoltaic power conditioner subsystem test procedures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The inspections to be made, the conditions for measurement, the variables to be measured and the analyses to be performed in order to characterize the operation of a power-conditioning subsystem (PCS) are described. Of primary concern is the small, utility-interactive PCS in the 2- to 10-kW power range for use in a residential photovoltaic (PV) system feeding a single-phase 120/240-volt line. The procedure is broken down into four main tasks: analysis of the design, tests under nominal conditions, tests under extreme conditions, and accelerated environmental stress tests. The results of these tests will provide an objective assessment of PCS performance under the full range of conditions likely to be encountered in actual applications.

Cox, III, C. H.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Long-Term Trends in Downwelling Spectral Infrared Radiance over the U.S. Southern Great Plains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A trend analysis was applied to a 14-yr time series of downwelling spectral infrared radiance observations from the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) located at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) site in the U.S. ...

P. Jonathan Gero; David D. Turner

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Evaluation of a Strategy for the Assimilation of Satellite Radiance Observations with the Local Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper evaluates a strategy for the assimilation of satellite radiance observations with the local ensemble transform Kalman filter (LETKF) data assimilation scheme. The assimilation strategy includes a mechanism to select the radiance ...

José A. Aravéquia; Istvan Szunyogh; Elana J. Fertig; Eugenia Kalnay; David Kuhl; Eric J. Kostelich

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Meteorological Applications of Temperature and Water Vapor Retrievals from the Ground-Based Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) is a well-calibrated ground-based instrument that measures high-resolution atmospheric emitted radiances from the atmosphere. The spectral resolution of the instrument is better than one ...

Wayne F. Feltz; William L. Smith; Robert O. Knuteson; Henry E. Revercomb; Harold M. Woolf; H. Ben Howell

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Precomputed local radiance transfer for real-time lighting design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new method for real-time relighting of scenes illuminated by local light sources. We extend previous work on precomputed radiance transfer for distant lighting to local lighting by introducing the concept of unstructured light clouds. The unstructured light cloud enables a compact representation of local lights in the model and real-time rendering of complex models with full global illumination due to local light sources. We use simplification of lights, and clustered PCA to obtain a compressed representation. When storing only the indirect component of the illumination, we are able to get high quality with only 8– 16 lighting coefficients per vertex. Our results demonstrate real-time rendering of scenes with moving lights, dynamic cameras, glossy materials and global illumination.

Anders Wang Kristensen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

System integration of marketable subsystems (second collection of progress reports)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

These monthly reports, covering the period from February 1978 through June 1978, reflect the progress in five major areas: systems integration of marketable subsystems; development, design, and building of site data acquisition subsystems; development and operation of the central data processing system; operation of the MSFC solar test facility; and systems analysis. Some of these reports are in presentation form (charts)

Not Available

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

System integration of marketable subsystems (third collection of progress reports)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Six monthly progress reports are included, covering the period from July 1978 through December 1978. This NASA/MSFC activity calls for work in five major areas: systems integration of marketable subsystems; development, design, and building of site data acquisition subsystems; development and operation of the central data processing system; operation of the MSFC Solar Test Facility; and systems analysis. (MHR)

Not Available

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Preliminary systems design study assessment report. Volume 7, Subsystem concepts  

SciTech Connect

The System Design Study (SDS), part of the Waste Technology Development Department at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), examined techniques available for the remediation of hazardous and transuranic waste stored at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex`s Subsurface Disposal Area at the INEL. Using specific technologies, system concepts for treating the buried waste and the surrounding contaminated soil were evaluated. Evaluation included implementability, effectiveness, and cost. The SDS resulted in the development of technology requirements including demonstration, testing, and evaluation activities needed for implementing each. This volume contains the descriptions and other relevant information of the four subsystems required for most of the ex situ processing systems. This volume covers the metal decontamination and sizing subsystem, soils processing subsystem, low-level waste subsystem, and retrieval subsystem.

Mayberry, J.L.; Feizollahi, F.; Del Signore, J.C.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Super-radiance in the sodium resonance lines from sodium iodide arc lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Super-radiance observed within the centers of the sodium resonance D lines emitted by arc lamps containing sodium iodide as additive in a high-pressure mercury plasma environment was studied by high-resolution emission spectroscopy. The spectral radiance of these self-reversed lines including super-radiance was simulated by considering a local enhancement of the source function due to the presence of an additional source of radiation near the arc wall. Causes of this hitherto unrecognized source of radiation are given.

Karabourniotis, D. [Department of Physics, Institute of Plasma Physics, University of Crete, 71003 Heraklion (Greece); Drakakis, E. [Department of Electrical Engineering, Technological Educational Institute, Heraklion (Greece)

2010-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

66

Subsystem engineering and development of grid-connected photovoltaic systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The experience gained in fielding residential and intermediate sized photovoltaic application experiments is summarized. This experience is used to guide the engineering and development of array and power conditioning subsystems for grid-connected photovoltaic systems. A major consideration in this development effort is cost. Through innovative engineering, using a modular building block approach for the array subsystem, it is now possible to construct array fields, in moderate quantities, for about $52/m/sup 2/ excluding the photovoltaic modules. Similarly, results of power conditioning subsystem development indicate a projected cost of about $0.25/W/sub p/ for advanced units with conversion efficiencies in excess of 90%.

Burgess, E.L.; Post, H.N.; Key, T.S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Marie  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Marie Curie Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Marie Curie May 27, 2011 - 1:30pm Addthis Alan Alda | Photo Courtesy of www.alanalda.com Alan Alda | Photo Courtesy of www.alanalda.com Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science They might appear to have little in common. She received two Nobel Prizes. He won six Emmys. She was born in Poland and made her name in Paris. He was born in New York City, and made his fame in Hollywood. Despite their differences, Marie Curie and Alan Alda will be coming together on opening night of the upcoming World Science Festival, through a special reading of his first play, Radiance: The Passion of Marie Curie.

68

Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Marie  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Marie Curie Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Marie Curie May 27, 2011 - 1:30pm Addthis Alan Alda | Photo Courtesy of www.alanalda.com Alan Alda | Photo Courtesy of www.alanalda.com Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science They might appear to have little in common. She received two Nobel Prizes. He won six Emmys. She was born in Poland and made her name in Paris. He was born in New York City, and made his fame in Hollywood. Despite their differences, Marie Curie and Alan Alda will be coming together on opening night of the upcoming World Science Festival, through a special reading of his first play, Radiance: The Passion of Marie Curie.

69

The Marine-Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer: A High-Accuracy, Seagoing Infrared Spectroradiometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Marine-Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (M-AERI) is described, and some examples of the environmental variables that can be derived from its measurements and the types of research that these can support are briefly presented. The M-...

P. J. Minnett; R. O. Knuteson; F. A. Best; B. J. Osborne; J. A. Hanafin; O. B. Brown

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Dual-Regression Retrieval Algorithm for Real-Time Processing of Satellite Ultraspectral Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fast physically based dual-regression (DR) method is developed to produce, in real time, accurate profile and surface- and cloud-property retrievals from satellite ultraspectral radiances observed for both clear- and cloudy-sky conditions. The ...

William L. Smith Sr.; Elisabeth Weisz; Stanislav V. Kireev; Daniel K. Zhou; Zhenglong Li; Eva E. Borbas

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Assessing NOAA-16 HIRS Radiance Accuracy Using Simultaneous Nadir Overpass Observations from AIRS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The High-Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS) has been carried on NOAA satellites for more than two decades, and the HIRS data have been widely used for geophysical retrievals, climate studies, and radiance assimilation for numerical ...

Likun Wang; Changyong Cao; Pubu Ciren

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Interchannel Error Correlation Associated with AIRS Radiance Observations: Inference and Impact in Data Assimilation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interchannel observation error correlation (IOEC) associated with radiance observations is currently assumed to be zero in meteorological data assimilation systems. This assumption may lead to suboptimal analyses. Here, the IOEC is inferred ...

Louis Garand; Sylvain Heilliette; Mark Buehner

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Normalization and Calibration of Geostationary Satellite Radiances for the international Satellite Cloud Climatology Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Procedures are described for normalizing the radiometric calibration of image radiances obtained from the suite of geostationary weather satellites that contributed data to the international Satellite Cloud Climatology Project. The key step is ...

Yves Desormeaux; William B. Rossow; Christopher L. Brest; G. Garrett Campbell

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Development of a GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager Solar Channel Radiance Simulator for Ice Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the development of an ice cloud radiance simulator for the anticipated Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite R (GOES-R) Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) solar channels. The simulator is based on the discrete ...

Shouguo Ding; Ping Yang; Bryan A. Baum; Andrew Heidinger; Thomas Greenwald

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Impact Study of AMSR-E Radiances in the NCEP Global Data Assimilation System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of radiance observations from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for Earth Observing System (AMSR-E) was investigated in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Global Data Assimilation System (GDAS). The GDAS ...

Masahiro Kazumori; Quanhua Liu; Russ Treadon; John C. Derber

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

An Evaluation of Above- and In-Water Methods for Determining Water-Leaving Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-quality dataset collected at an oceanographic tower was used to compare water-leaving radiances derived from simultaneous above- and in-water optical measurements. The former involved two different above-water systems and four different ...

Stanford B. Hooker; Gordana Lazin; Giuseppe Zibordi; Scott McLean

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Global Observations of Upper-Tropospheric Water Vapor Derived from TOVS Radiance Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a physically based method for the retrieval of upper-tropospheric humidity (UTH) and upper-tropospheric column water vapor (UTCWV) based an the use of radiance data collected by the TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS), ...

Graeme L. Stephens; Darren L. Jackson; Ian Wittmeyer

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Surface Emissivity Impact on Temperature and Moisture Soundings from Hyperspectral Infrared Radiance Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An accurate land surface emissivity (LSE) is critical for the retrieval of atmospheric temperature and moisture profiles along with land surface temperature from hyperspectral infrared (IR) sounder radiances; it is also critical to assimilating IR ...

Zhigang Yao; Jun Li; Jinlong Li; Hong Zhang

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Global, Seasonal Cloud Variations from Satellite Radiance Measurements. Part II. Cloud Properties and Radiative Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global, daily, visible and infrared radiance measurements from the NOAA-5 Scanning Radiometer (SR) are analyzed for the months of January, April, July and October 1977 to infer cloud and surface radiative properties and their effects on the Earth ...

William B. Rossow; Andrew A. Lacis

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

A Method for Combining Radiances and Wind Shear to Define the Temperature Structure of the Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The retrieval of temperature from satellite-observed radiances has traditionally been addressed as a one-dimensional or columnar problem which uses a guess profile of temperature. In this study, the traditional approach is augmented by ...

John Lewis; Christopher Hayden; John Derber

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Evaluating Added Benefits of Assimilating GOES Imager Radiance Data in GSI for Coastal QPFs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) provide high-resolution, temporally continuous imager radiance data over the West Coast (GOES-West currently known as GOES-11) and East Coast (GOES-East currently GOES-12) of the United ...

Zhengkun Qin; Xiaolei Zou; Fuzhong Weng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Satellite Radiance Assimilation in the JMA Operational Mesoscale 4D-Var System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The direct radiance assimilation scheme used in the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) global analysis system is applied to the JMA mesoscale 4-dimensional variational (4D-Var) system with two modifications. First, the data thinning distance is ...

Masahiro Kazumori

83

Mesoscale Spectra of Mars’s Atmosphere Derived from MGS TES Infrared Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wavenumber spectra of the atmospheric potential energy of Mars at mesoscales (wavelengths of 64–957 km) were obtained as a function of latitude, season, and Martian year using infrared radiance data obtained by the Thermal Emission Spectrometer (...

Takeshi Imamura; Yasuhiro Kawasaki; Tetsuya Fukuhara

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Global, Seasonal Cloud Variations from Satellite Radiance Measurements. Part I: Sensitivity of Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global, daily, visible and infrared radiance measurements from the NOAA-5 Scanning Radiometer (SR) are analyzed for the months of January, April, July and October 1977 to infer cloud and surface radiative properties. In this first paper in a ...

William B. Rossow; Leonid C. Garder; Andrew A. Lacis

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

A Technique for Estimating Outgoing Longwave Radiation from HIRS Radiance Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new technique for estimating outgoing longwave radiation from observations on the NOAA operational satellites has been developed from a regression analysis of radiation model calculations. The technique consists of a weighted sum of radiance in ...

Robert G. Ellingson; David J. Yanuk; Hai-Tien Lee; Arnold Gruber

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Using Sun Glint to Check the Relative Calibration of Reflected Spectral Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of sunlight reflected from regions of sun glint are used to check the relative calibration of spectral radiances obtained with imaging radiometers. Reflectances at different wavelengths for sun-glint regions are linearly related. ...

Gunnar Luderer; James A. Coakley Jr.; William R. Tahnk

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Satellite Determinations of the Relationship between Total Longwave Radiation Flux and Infrared Window Radiance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nimbus-7 satellite observations are used to determine the relationship between the total longwave radiation flux and the radiance in the 10-12 ?m infrared window. The total longwave fluxes are obtained from the earth radiation budget (ERB) narrow-...

George Ohring; Arnold Gruber; Robert Ellingson

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Clear-Sky Window Channel Radiances: A Comparison between Observations and the ECMWF Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comparison of clear-sky radiances of the Meteosat window channel with the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model results is presented, aiming to assess both the model's performance and the quality of the observations. ...

Isabel F. Trigo; Pedro Viterbo

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Direct Insertion of MODIS Radiances in a Global Aerosol Transport Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper results are presented from a simple offline assimilation system that uses radiances from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) channels that sense atmospheric aerosols over land and ocean. The MODIS information ...

Clark Weaver; Arlindo da Silva; Mian Chin; Paul Ginoux; Oleg Dubovik; Dave Flittner; Aahmad Zia; Lorraine Remer; Brent Holben; Watson Gregg

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Double Shell Tank (DST) Monitor and Control Subsystem Specification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This specification revises the performance requirements and provides references to the requisite codes and standards to be applied during design of the Double-Shell Tank (DST) Monitor and Control Subsystem that supports the first phase of Waste Feed Delivery.

BAFUS, R.R.

2000-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

91

Double Shell Tank (DST) Process Waste Sampling Subsystem Specification  

SciTech Connect

This specification establishes the performance requirements and provides references to the requisite codes and standards to be applied to the Double-Shell Tank (DST) Process Waste Sampling Subsystem which supports the first phase of Waste Feed Delivery.

RASMUSSEN, J.H.

2000-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

92

Gamma Ray Array Detector Trigger Sub-System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamma Ray Array Detector (GRAD) is one of External Target Facility (ETF) subsystems at the Heavy Ion Research Facility at Lanzhou. The trigger subsystem of the GRAD has been developed based on Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGAs) and PXI interface. The GRAD trigger subsystem makes prompt L1 trigger decisions to select valid events. These decisions are made by processing the hit signals from 1024 CsI scintillators of the GRAD. According to the physical requirements, the GRAD trigger subsystem generates 12-bit trigger signals that are passed to the ETF global trigger system. In addition, the GRAD trigger subsystem generates trigger data that are packed and transmitted to the host computer via PXI bus for off-line analysis. The trigger processing is implemented in the front-end electronics and one FPGA of the trigger module. The logic of PXI transmission and reconfiguration is implemented in the other FPGA of the trigger module. The reliable and efficient performance in the Gamma-ray experiments demonstrates that the GRAD trigger subsystem is capable to satisfy the physical requirements.

Du Zhong-Wei; Su Hong; Qian Yi; Kong Jie

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

93

A budget of inversions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two problems of inversion are considered. First are the inverses in a stand ard circle of curves based on two fixed points, i.e., Circles of Apollonius, Conic Sections and Ovals of Cassini; then the inverses of lines not passing through the center of ... Keywords: Circles of Apollonius, City block metric, Conies, Inversion, Ovals of Cassini

J. A. Nickel

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Optimal decentralized control of coupled subsystems with control sharing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The optimal decentralized control of coupled subsystems with control sharing is investigated. The system consists of $n$-coupled subsystems, each with a local control station. The evolution of a subsystem is controlled by the actions of all control stations. However, each control station observes only the state of its subsystem and the one-step delayed actions of all control stations. At each time, a cost that depends on the state of all subsystems and the actions of all control stations is incurred. The system has non-classical information structure; since each control station observes the delayed control actions of all other control stations, the system is said to have \\emph{control-sharing} information structure. We first identify redundant data at each controller, then use the common-information based approach of Nayyar et al. (2011) to obtain the structure of optimal control strategies and a dynamic programming decomposition, and finally use the specifics of the model to simplify the structure of optimal...

Mahajan, Aditya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Double Shell Tank (DST) Monitor and Control Subsystem Specification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This specification establishes the performance requirements and provides references to the requisite codes and standards to be applied during design of the Double-Shell Tank (DST) Monitor and Control Subsystem that supports the first phase of Waste Feed Delivery. This subsystem specification establishes the interface and performance requirements and provides references to the requisite codes and standards to be applied during the design of the Double-Shell Tank (DST) Monitor and Control Subsystem. The DST Monitor and Control Subsystem consists of the new and existing equipment that will be used to provide tank farm operators with integrated local monitoring and control of the DST systems to support Waste Feed Delivery (WFD). New equipment will provide automatic control and safety interlocks where required and provide operators with visibility into the status of DST subsystem operations (e.g., DST mixer pump operation and DST waste transfers) and the ability to manually control specified DST functions as necessary. This specification is intended to be the basis for new project/installations (W-521, etc.). This specification is not intended to retroactively affect previously established project design criteria without specific direction by the program.

BAFUS, R.R.

2000-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

96

Double Shell Tank (DST) Transfer Piping Subsystem Specification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This specification establishes the performance requirements and provides references to the requisite codes and standards to be applied during design of the Double-Shell Tank (DST) Transfer Piping Subsystem that supports the first phase of Waste Feed Delivery. This specification establishes the performance requirements and provides references to the requisite codes and standards to be applied during design of the Double-Shell Tank (DST) Transfer Piping Subsystem that supports the first phase of waste feed delivery. This subsystem transfers waste between transfer-associated structures (pits) and to the River Protection Project (RPP) Privatization Contractor Facility where it will be processed into an immobilized waste form. This specification is intended to be the basis for new projects/installations (W-521, etc.). This specification is not intended to retroactively affect previously established project design criteria without specific direction by the program.

GRAVES, C.E.

2000-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

97

ACCELERATION OF RADIANCE FOR LIGHTING SIMULATION BY USING PARALLEL COMPUTING WITH OPENCL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ACCELERATION OF RADIANCE FOR LIGHTING SIMULATION BY USING ACCELERATION OF RADIANCE FOR LIGHTING SIMULATION BY USING PARALLEL COMPUTING WITH OPENCL Wangda Zuo, Andrew McNeil, Michael Wetter, Eleanor Lee Building Technologies Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA ABSTRACT We report on the acceleration of annual daylighting simulations for fenestration systems in the Radiance ray-tracing program. The algorithm was optimized to reduce both the redundant data input/output operations and the floating-point operations. To further accelerate the simulation speed, the calculation for matrix multiplications was implemented using parallel computing on a graphics processing unit. We used OpenCL, which is a cross- platform parallel programming language. Numerical

98

Polarized radiance fields under a dynamic ocean surface: a three-dimensional radiative transfer solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hybrid matrix operator, Monte Carlo (HMOMC) method previously reported [Appl. Opt.47, 1063-1071 (2008)APOPAI0003-693510.1364/AO.47.001063] is improved by neglecting higher-order terms in the coupling of the matrix operators and by introducing a dual grid scheme. The computational efficiency for solving the vector radiative transfer equation in a full 3D coupled atmosphere-surface-ocean system is substantially improved, and, thus, large-scale simulations of the radiance distribution become feasible. The improved method is applied to the computation of the polarized radiance field under realistic surface waves simulated by the power spectral density method. To the authors' best knowledge, this is the first time that the polarized radiance field under a dynamic ocean surface and the underwater image of an object above such an ocean surface have been reported.

You Yu; Zhai Pengwang; Kattawar, George W.; Yang Ping

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Ground test facility for nuclear testing of space reactor subsystems  

SciTech Connect

Two major reactor facilities at the INEL have been identified as easily adaptable for supporting the nuclear testing of the SP-100 reactor subsystem. They are the Engineering Test Reactor (ETR) and the Loss of Fluid Test Reactor (LOFT). In addition, there are machine shops, analytical laboratories, hot cells, and the supporting services (fire protection, safety, security, medical, waste management, etc.) necessary to conducting a nuclear test program. This paper presents the conceptual approach for modifying these reactor facilities for the ground engineering test facility for the SP-100 nuclear subsystem. 4 figs.

Quapp, W.J.; Watts, K.D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

IP multimedia subsystem testbed using open source elements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS), standardized by the 3GPP, is the most promising contender for replacing legacy, voice-dedicated mobile networks with an All-IP technology. As 3GPP IMS standards are in their embryonic state it becomes very crucial to ... Keywords: 3GPP, IMS, NGN, OpenIMSCore, PoC, VoIP, Wi-Fi, WiMax

A. H. Khan; M. A. Qadeer; M. Siddiqui

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Security issues with the IP multimedia subsystem (IMS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) is the basis for a significant new architecture for mobile applications incorporating voice, video and data services. The IMS is an overlay network on top of IP that uses SIP as the primary signaling mechanism. The IMS ... Keywords: IMS, SIP, VoIP, security

Michael T. Hunter; Russell J. Clark; Frank S. Park

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

ANALYTICAL TOOL DEVELOPMENT FOR AFTERTREATMENT SUB-SYSTEMS INTEGRATION  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The stringent emissions standards of 2007 and beyond require complex engine, aftertreatment and vehicle systems with a high degree of sub-system interaction and flexible control solutions. This necessitates a system-based approach to technology development, in addition to individual sub-system optimization. Analytical tools can provide an effective means to evaluate and develop such complex technology interactions as well as understand phenomena that is either too expensive or impossible to study with conventional experimental means. The analytical effort can also guide experimental development and thus lead to efficient utilization of available experimental resources.A suite of analytical models has been developed to represent PM and NOx aftertreatment sub-systems. These models range from computationally inexpensive zero-dimensional models for real-time control applications to CFD-based, multi-dimensional models with detailed temporal and spatial resolution. Such models in conjunction with well established engine modeling tools such as engine cycle simulation, engine controls modeling, CFD models of non-combusting and combusting flow, and vehicle models provide a comprehensive analytical toolbox for complete engine, aftertreatment and vehicle sub-systems development and system integration applications. However, the fidelity of aftertreatment models and application going forward is limited by the lack of fundamental kinetic data.

Bolton, B; Fan, A; Goney, K; Pavlova-MacKinnon, Z; Sisken, K; Zhang, H

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

103

Double Shell Tank (DST) Diluent and Flush Subsystem Specification  

SciTech Connect

The Double-Shell Tank (DST) Diluent and Flush Subsystem is intended to support Waste Feed Delivery. The DST Diluent and Flush Subsystem specification describes the relationship of this system with the DST System, describes the functions that must be performed by the system, and establishes the performance requirements to be applied to the design of the system. It also provides references for the requisite codes and standards. The DST Diluent and Flush Subsystem will treat the waste for a more favorable waste transfer. This will be accomplished by diluting the waste, dissolving the soluble portion of the waste, and flushing waste residuals from the transfer line. The Diluent and Flush Subsystem will consist of the following: The Diluent and Flush Station(s) where chemicals will be off-loaded, temporarily stored, mixed as necessary, heated, and metered to the delivery system; and A piping delivery system to deliver the chemicals to the appropriate valve or pump pit Associated support structures. This specification is intended to be the basis for new projects/installations. This specification is not intended to retroactively affect previously established project design criteria without specific direction by the program.

GRAVES, C.E.

2000-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

104

Information Content and Uncertainties in Thermodynamic Profiles and Liquid Cloud Properties Retrieved from the Ground-Based Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) observes spectrally resolved downwelling radiance emitted by the atmosphere in the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Profiles of temperature and water vapor, and cloud liquid ...

D.D. Turner; U. Löhnert

105

Monitoring of IR Clear-Sky Radiances over Oceans for SST (MICROS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monitoring of IR Clear-Sky Radiances over Oceans for SST (MICROS) is a Web-based tool to monitor “model minus observation” (M ? O) biases in clear-sky brightness temperatures (BTs) and sea surface temperatures (SSTs) produced by the Advanced Clear-...

Xingming Liang; Alexander Ignatov

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Assimilation of AIRS Radiances Affected by Mid- to Low-Level Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to make use of Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) cloud-affected infrared radiances has been developed at Météo-France in the context of the global numerical weather prediction model. The method is based on (i) the detection and the ...

Thomas Pangaud; Nadia Fourrie; Vincent Guidard; Mohamed Dahoui; Florence Rabier

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Immersion Factor of In-Water Radiance Sensors: Assessment for a Class of Radiometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spectral immersion factor of in-water radiance sensors If quantifies the effects of changes in the sensor's response when operated in water versus in air. The values of If are currently computed with a relationship derived from a basic sensor ...

Giuseppe Zibordi

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Autonomous Above-Water Radiance Measurements from an Offshore Platform: A Field Assessment Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An autonomous system for making above-water radiance measurements has been produced by adding a new measurement scenario to a CIMEL CE-318 sun photometer. The new system, called the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) Photometer ...

G. Zibordi; S. B. Hooker; J. F. Berthon; D. D'Alimonte

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Platform and Environmental Effects on Above-Water Determinations of Water-Leaving Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comparison of above- and in-water spectral measurements in Case-1 conditions showed the uncertainty in above-water determinations of water-leaving radiances depended on the pointing angle of the above-water instruments with respect to the side ...

Stanford B. Hooker; André Morel

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Functional Analysis for Double Shell Tank (DST) Subsystems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This functional analysis identifies the hierarchy and describes the subsystem functions that support the Double-Shell Tank (DST) System described in HNF-SD-WM-TRD-007, System Specification for the Double-Shell Tank System. Because of the uncertainty associated with the need for upgrades of the existing catch tanks supporting the Waste Feed Delivery (WFD) mission, catch tank functions are not addressed in this document. The functions identified herein are applicable to the Phase 1 WFD mission only.

SMITH, D.F.

2000-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

111

Radioisotope thermoelectric generator transportation system subsystem 143 software development plan  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This plan describes the activities to be performed and the controls to be applied to the process of specifying, developing, and qualifying the data acquisition software for the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) Transportation System Subsystem 143 Instrumentation and Data Acquisition System (IDAS). This plan will serve as a software quality assurance plan, a verification and validation (V and V) plan, and a configuration management plan.

King, D.A.

1994-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

112

Photovoltaic subsystem optimization and design tradeoff study. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Tradeoffs and subsystem choices are examined in photovoltaic array subfield design, power-conditioning sizing and selection, roof- and ground-mounted structure installation, energy loss, operating voltage, power conditioning cost, and subfield size. Line- and self-commutated power conditioning options are analyzed to determine the most cost-effective technology in the megawatt power range. Methods for reducing field installation of flat panels and roof mounting of intermediate load centers are discussed, including the cost of retrofit installations.

Stolte, W.J.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Double Shell Tank (DST) Transfer Pump Subsystem Specification  

SciTech Connect

This specification establishes the performance requirements and provides references to the requisite codes and standards to be applied to the Double-Shell Tank (DST) Transfer Pump Subsystem which supports the first phase of Waste Feed Delivery (WFD). This specification establishes the performance requirements and provides the references to the requisite codes and standards to be applied during the design of the DST Transfer Pump Subsystem that supports the first phase of (WFD). The DST Transfer Pump Subsystem consists of a pump for supernatant and or slurry transfer for the DSTs that will be retrieved during the Phase 1 WFD operations. This system is used to transfer low-activity waste (LAW) and high-level waste (HLW) to designated DST staging tanks. It also will deliver blended LAW and HLW feed from these staging tanks to the River Protection Project (RPP) Privatization Contractor facility where it will be processed into an immobilized waste form. This specification is intended to be the basis for new projects/installations (W-521, etc.). This specification is not intended to retroactively affect previously established project design criteria without specific direction by the program.

LESHIKAR, G.A.

2000-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

114

Double Shell Tank (DST) Transfer Valving Subsystem Specification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This specification establishes the performance requirements and provides references to the requisite codes and standards to be applied during design of the Double-Shell Tank (DST) Transfer Valving Subsystem that supports the first phase of Waste Feed Delivery. This specification establishes the performance requirements and provides references to the requisite codes and standards to be applied during design of the Double-Shell Tank (DST) Transfer Valving Subsystem that supports the first phase of Waste Feed Delivery (WFD). The DST Transfer Valving Subsystem routes waste and other media (e.g., diluent, flush water, filtered raw water) among DSTs and from the low-activity waste (LAW) and high-level waste (HLW) feed staging tanks to the River Protection Project (RPP) Privatization Contractor facility, where it will be processed into an immobilized waste form. This specification is intended to be the basis for new projects/installations (W-521, etc.). This specification is not intended to retroactively affect previously established project design criteria without specific direction by the program.

GRAVES, C.E.

2000-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

115

Maps and inverse maps in open quantum dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two kinds of maps that describe evolution of states of a subsystem coming from dynamics described by a unitary operator for a larger system, maps defined for fixed mean values and maps defined for fixed correlations, are found to be quite different for the same unitary dynamics in the same situation in the larger system. An affine form is used for both kinds of maps to find necessary and sufficient conditions for inverse maps. All the different maps with the same homogeneous part in their affine forms have inverses if and only if the homogeneous part does. Some of these maps are completely positive; others are not, but the homogeneous part is always completely positive. The conditions for an inverse are the same for maps that are not completely positive as for maps that are. For maps defined for fixed mean values, the homogeneous part depends only on the unitary operator for the dynamics of the larger system, not on any state or mean values or correlations. Necessary and sufficient conditions for an inverse are stated several different ways: in terms of the maps of matrices, basis matrices, density matrices, or mean values. The inverse maps are generally not tied to the dynamics the way the maps forward are. A trace-preserving completely positive map that is unital cannot have an inverse that is obtained from any dynamics described by any unitary operator for any states of a larger system.

Jordan, Thomas F., E-mail: tjordan@d.umn.ed [Physics Department, University of Minnesota, Duluth, MN 55812 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

The inverse crime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The inverse crime occurs when the same (or very nearly the same) theoretical ingredients are employed to synthesize as well as to invert data in an inverse problem. This act has been qualified as trivial and therefore to be avoided by Colton and Kress.

Armand Wirgin

2004-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

117

Posters Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer: Status and Water Vapor Continuum Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 Posters Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer: Status and Water Vapor Continuum Results H. E. Revercomb, R. O. Knuteson, W. L. Smith, F. A. Best, and R. G. Dedecker University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin H. B. Howell National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Systems Design and Applications Branch Madison, Wisconsin Introduction Accurate and spectrally detailed observations of the thermal emission from radiatively important atmospheric gases, aerosols, and clouds are now being provided to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) data base by the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) prototype at the Southern Great Plains Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site. Spectra over the range from 520 to 3000 cm -1 (3 to 19 microns) with a resolution of 0.5 cm

118

Process of preparing metal parts to be heated by means of infrared radiance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for preparing metal for heating by infrared radiance to enable uniform and consistent heating. The surface of one or more metal parts, such as aluminum or aluminum alloy parts, is treated to alter the surface finish to affect the reflectivity of the surface. The surface reflectivity is evaluated, such as by taking measurements at one or more points on the surface, to determine if a desired reflectivity has been achieved. The treating and measuring are performed until the measuring indicates that the desired reflectivity has been achieved. Once the treating has altered the surface finish to achieve the desired reflectivity, the metal part may then be exposed to infrared radiance to heat the metal part to a desired temperature, and that heating will be substantially consistent throughout by virtue of the desired reflectivity.

Mayer, Howard Robinson (Cincinnati, OH); Blue, Craig A. (Knoxville, TN)

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

119

Systems and methods for an integrated electrical sub-system powered by wind energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Various embodiments relate to systems and methods related to an integrated electrically-powered sub-system and wind power system including a wind power source, an electrically-powered sub-system coupled to and at least partially powered by the wind power source, the electrically-powered sub-system being coupled to the wind power source through power converters, and a supervisory controller coupled to the wind power source and the electrically-powered sub-system to monitor and manage the integrated electrically-powered sub-system and wind power system.

Liu, Yan (Ballston Lake, NY); Garces, Luis Jose (Niskayuna, NY)

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

120

Detection of Cloud-Top Height from Backscattered Radiances within the Oxygen A Band. Part 1: Theoretical Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of radiative transfer calculations were performed to study the possibility of determining cloud-top pressure (height) from backscattered solar radiances within the oxygen A-band absorption. For the development of a cloud-top pressure ...

J. Fischer; H. Grassl

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A Model for Solar Spectral Irradiance and Radiance at the Bottom and Top of a Cloudless Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple model is presented that, in a cloud-free atmosphere, calculates solar spectral direct and diffuse irradiance and directional radiance at the surface, spectral absorption within the atmosphere and the upward reflected spectral irradiance ...

C. G. Justus; M. V. Paris

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Profiling the Lower Troposphere over the Ocean with Infrared Hyperspectral Measurements of the Marine-Atmosphere Emitted Radiance Interferometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the spectra of infrared emission from the atmosphere were taken by a Marine-Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (M-AERI) deployed on the NOAA ship Ronald H. Brown during the Aerosol and Ocean Science Expedition (AEROSE) in ...

Malgorzata Szczodrak; Peter J. Minnett; Nicholas R. Nalli; Wayne F. Feltz

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Near-Continuous Profiling of Temperature, Moisture, and Atmospheric Stability Using the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) has funded the development and installation of five ground-based atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) systems at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. The ...

W. F. Feltz; W. L. Smith; H. B. Howell; R. O. Knuteson; H. Woolf; H. E. Revercomb

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Spatial Patterns of Climate Variability in Upper-Tropospheric Water Vapor Radiances from Satellite Data and Climate Model Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of multivariate fingerprints and spatial pattern correlation in the detection and attribution of climate change has concentrated on radiosonde temperature fields. However, the large body of radiance data from satellite-borne instruments ...

A. J. Geer; J. E. Harries; H. E. Brindley

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Toward an Integrated Land–Ocean Surface Skin Temperature Analysis from the Variational Assimilation of Infrared Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)-East and -West window channel radiances are directly assimilated using a 1D variational technique, providing surface skin temperature (Ts) estimates over all surface types (land, water, or ...

Louis Garand

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Piecewise Potential Vorticity Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The treatment of the potential vorticity (PV) distribution as a composite of individual perturbations is central to the diagnostic and conceptual utility of PV. Nonlinearity in the inversion operator for Ertel's potential vorticity renders ...

Christopher A. Davis

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

The Magnetotelluric Inverse Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1572–1592. Banks, R. , 1969: Geomagnetic variations and theThe inverse problem in geomagnetic induction. Z. Geophys. ,sound inferences from geomagnetic sounding, doi:10.1016/j.

Medin, Ashley E

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

The magnetotelluric inverse problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1572–1592. Banks, R. , 1969: Geomagnetic variations and theThe inverse problem in geomagnetic induction. Z. Geophys. ,sound inferences from geomagnetic sounding, doi:10.1016/j.

Medin, Ashley E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Inverse Lighting for Photography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a technique for improving photographs using inverse lighting, a new process based on algorithms developed in computer graphics for computing the reflection of light in 3D space. From a photograph and a 3D surface model for the object pictured, inverse lighting estimates the directional distribution of the incident light. We then use this information to process the photograph digitally to alter the lighting on the object. Inverse lighting is a specific example of the general idea of inverse rendering. This refers to the practice of using the methods of computer graphics, which normally are used to render images from scene information, to infer scene information from images. Our system uses physically based rendering technology to construct a linear least squares system that we solve to find the lighting. As an application, the results are then used to simulate a change in the incident light in the photograph. An implementation is described that uses 3D models from a laser...

Stephen R. Marschner; Donald P. Greenberg

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Reactor Subsystem Simulation for Nuclear Hybrid Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary system models have been developed by Idaho National Laboratory researchers and are currently being enhanced to assess integrated system performance given multiple sources (e.g., nuclear + wind) and multiple applications (i.e., electricity + process heat). Initial efforts to integrate a Fortran-based simulation of a small modular reactor (SMR) with the balance of plant model have been completed in FY12. This initial effort takes advantage of an existing SMR model developed at North Carolina State University to provide initial integrated system simulation for a relatively low cost. The SMR subsystem simulation details are discussed in this report.

Shannon Bragg-Sitton; J. Michael Doster; Alan Rominger

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Generalized Inverse Seesaws  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The seesaw mechanism can be generalized to a Type-III variant and a quintuplet variant. We present two models that provide analogous generalizations of the inverse seesaw mechanism. The first model employs a fermion triplet F ~ (1,3,0) and requires no additional multiplets or parameters relative to the standard inverse seesaw. We argue that, from a bottom-up perspective, there appears to be no particular reason to preference the usual scenario over this variant. The second model employs a fermion quintuplet F ~ (1,5,0) and requires an additional scalar S ~ (1,4,1). We also show that minimal inverse seesaws with even larger fermionic representations are not expected to realize naturally small neutrino masses.

Law, Sandy S C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Generalized Inverse Seesaws  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The seesaw mechanism can be generalized to a Type-III variant and a quintuplet variant. We present two models that provide analogous generalizations of the inverse seesaw mechanism. The first model employs a fermion triplet F ~ (1,3,0) and requires no additional multiplets or parameters relative to the standard inverse seesaw. We argue that, from a bottom-up perspective, there appears to be no particular reason to preference the usual scenario over this variant. The second model employs a fermion quintuplet F ~ (1,5,0) and requires an additional scalar S ~ (1,4,1). We also show that minimal inverse seesaws with even larger fermionic representations are not expected to realize naturally small neutrino masses.

Sandy S. C. Law; Kristian L. McDonald

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

133

Radiance Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Temperature using Detectors Calibrated for Absolute Spectral Power Response, HW ... A Third Generation Water Bath Based Blackbody Source, JB ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

134

Acceleration of Radiance for Lighting Simulation by Using Parallel Computing with OpenCL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the acceleration of annual daylighting simulations for fenestration systems in the Radiance ray-tracing program. The algorithm was optimized to reduce both the redundant data input/output operations and the floating-point operations. To further accelerate the simulation speed, the calculation for matrix multiplications was implemented using parallel computing on a graphics processing unit. We used OpenCL, which is a cross-platform parallel programming language. Numerical experiments show that the combination of the above measures can speed up the annual daylighting simulations 101.7 times or 28.6 times when the sky vector has 146 or 2306 elements, respectively.

Zuo, Wangda; McNeil, Andrew; Wetter, Michael; Lee, Eleanor

2011-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

135

Simulating the Daylight Performance of Complex Fenestration Systems Using Bidirectional Scattering Distribution Functions within Radiance  

SciTech Connect

We describe two methods which rely on bidirectional scattering distribution functions (BSDFs) to model the daylighting performance of complex fenestration systems (CFS), enabling greater flexibility and accuracy in evaluating arbitrary assemblies of glazing, shading, and other optically-complex coplanar window systems. Two tools within Radiance enable a) efficient annual performance evaluations of CFS, and b) accurate renderings of CFS despite the loss of spatial resolution associated with low-resolution BSDF datasets for inhomogeneous systems. Validation, accuracy, and limitations of the methods are discussed.

Ward, Gregory; Mistrick, Ph.D., Richard; Lee, Eleanor; McNeil, Andrew; Jonsson, Ph.D., Jacob

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

136

Electrical power subsystem integration and test for the NPS solar cell array tester CubeSat .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The electrical power subsystem is one of the most important elements of any satellite. This system must provide the necessary power to enable the payload… (more)

Fletcher James Martin.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Spacetime thermodynamics and subsystem observables in a kinetically constrained model of glassy systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spacetime thermodynamics and subsystem observables in aconcept of spacetime thermodynamics [3] is illus- trated indiscussion of space- time thermodynamics by considering the

Jack, Robert L.; Garrahan, Juan P.; Chandler, David

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Solar Pilot Plant, Phase I. Preliminary design report. Volume V. Thermal storage subsystem. CDRL item 2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Design, specifications, and diagrams for the thermal storage subsystem for the 10-MW pilot tower focus power plant are presented in detail. The Honeywell thermal storage subsystem design features a sensible heat storage arrangement using proven equipment and materials. The subsystem consists of a main storage containing oil and rock, two buried superheater tanks containing inorganic salts (Hitec), and the necessary piping, instrumentation, controls, and safety devices. The subsystem can provide 7 MW(e) for three hours after twenty hours of hold. It can be charged in approximately four hours. Storage for the commercial-scale plant consists of the same elements appropriately scaled up. Performance analysis and tradeoff studies are included.

None

1977-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Why inverse document frequency?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inverse Document Frequency (IDF) is a popular measure of a word's importance. The IDF invariably appears in a host of heuristic measures used in information retrieval. However, so far the IDF has itself been a heuristic. In this paper, we show IDF to ...

Kishore Papineni

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

A model for the directional distribution of the diffuse sky radiance with an application to a CPC collector  

SciTech Connect

The development of a new, semi-empirical model for the directional distribution of the diffuse radiance is reported. The proposed regression-type model, with the form of its base functions obtained from physical principles, is based on a combination of the purely physical reasoning approach and the purely empirical approach. Direct multiple-scattering calculations are circumvented through the use of the method of successive orders of scattering. The model is calibrated for the mean diffuse radiance estimated under all sky conditions reported in a large and comprehensive diffuse radiance data set. It is found that only a small increase in accuracy is gained by including higher orders of scattering, and this increase does not justify the complexity of the resulting model. Therefore, the single scattering approximation is recommended. The use of the model is illustrated in a typical application, in which the fraction of diffuse radiation intercepted by the receive of a compound parabolic concentrator is computed.

Siala, F.M.F. (Center for Solar Energy Studies, Tripoli (Libya)); Hooper, F.C. (Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Active Location Reporting for Emergency Call in UMTS IP Multimedia Subsystem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The IP Multimedia Core Network Subsystem (IMS) provides multimedia services for Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS). In IMS, an emergency call is established by an Emergency Call Session Control Function (ECSCF). The E-CSCF dispatches the ... Keywords: Emergency Call, IP Multimedia Core Network Subsystem (IMS), Location Tracking, Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS)

Meng-Hsun Tsai; Yi-Bing Lin; Hsiao-Han Wang

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Site data acquisition subsystem (SDAS) Mod 1, installation, operation, and maintenance manual  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Site Data Acquisition Subsystem (SDAS) Mod 1 is designed to collect sensor measurement data from a solar energy demonstration site. A brief description of the SDAS is given and the installation requirements and procedures, the operations description and the procedures for field maintenance of the subsystem are defined.

Not Available

1977-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

143

Preliminary design report for OTEC stationkeeping subsystems (SKSS)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lockheed Ocean Systems with IMODCO prepared these preliminary designs for OTEC Stationkeeping Subsystems (SKSS) under contract to NOAA in support of the Department of Energy OTEC program. The results of Tasks III, V, and VI are presented in this design report. The report consists of five sections: introduction, preliminary designs for the multiple anchor leg (MAL) and tension anchor leg (TAL), costs and schedule, and conclusions. Extensive appendixes provide detailed descriptions of design methodology and include backup calculations and data to support the results presented. The objective of this effort is to complete the preliminary designs for the barge-MAL and Spar-TAL SKSS. A set of drawings is provided for each which show arrangements, configuration, component details, engineering description, and deployment plan. Loads analysis, performance assessment, and sensitivity to requirements are presented, together with the methodology employed to analyze the systems and to derive the results presented. Life cycle costs and schedule are prepared and compared on a common basis. Finally, recommendations for the Commercial Plant SKSS are presented for both platform types.

Not Available

1979-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

144

Designing Scalable PGAS Communication Subsystems on Cray Gemini Interconnect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Cray Gemini Interconnect has been recently introduced as a next generation network architecture for building multi-petaflop supercomputers. Cray XE6 systems including LANL Cielo, NERSC Hopper, ORNL Titan and proposed NCSA BlueWaters leverage the Gemini Interconnect as their primary Interconnection network. At the same time, programming models such as the Message Passing Interface (MPI) and Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) models such as Unified Parallel C (UPC) and Co-Array Fortran (CAF) have become available on these systems. Global Arrays is a popular PGAS model used in a variety of application domains including hydrodynamics, chemistry and visualization. Global Arrays uses Aggregate Re- mote Memory Copy Interface (ARMCI) as the communication runtime system for Remote Memory Access communication. This paper presents a design, implementation and performance evaluation of scalable and high performance communication subsystems on Cray Gemini Interconnect using ARMCI. The design space is explored and time-space complexities of commu- nication protocols for one-sided communication primitives such as contiguous and uniformly non-contiguous datatypes, atomic memory operations (AMOs) and memory synchronization is presented. An implementation of the proposed design (referred as ARMCI-Gemini) demonstrates the efficacy on communication primitives, application kernels such as LU decomposition and full applications such as Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) application.

Vishnu, Abhinav; Daily, Jeffrey A.; Palmer, Bruce J.

2012-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

145

Electric and hybrid vehicle environmental control subsystem study. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to select the best technologies for the environmental control subsystem (ECS) for interior heating and cooling in electric and hybrid vehicles. The best technology must be selected from technologies that are available in the near term. The selected technology will serve as a basis on which development of a prototype ECS could start immediately. The technology selected as best ECS for the electric vehicle is the combination of a combustion heater and gasoline engine (Otto cycle) driven vapor compression air conditioner. All of the major ECS components, i.e., the combustion heater, the small gasoline engine, and the vapor compression air conditioner are commercially available. These technologies have good cost and performance characteristics. The cost for this best ECS is relatively close to the cost of current ECS's. At the same time, its effect on the vehicle's propulsion battery is minimal and the ECS size and weight do not have significant impact on the vehicle's range. The required technology also minimizes risk for the vehicle manufacturer because little new capital investment will be needed to produce the ECS. Since electric vehicles are likely to be in limited production for several years, the technology is appropriate for the market size.

Heitner, K. L.

1980-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

146

Inverter/controller subsystem optimized for photovoltaic applications  

SciTech Connect

Conversion of solar array dc power to ac power stimulated the specification, design, and simulation testing of an inverter/controller subsystem tailored to the photovoltaic power source characteristics. The optimization of the inverter/controller design as part of an overall Photovoltaic Power System (PPS) designed for maximum energy extraction from the solar array is discussed. The special design requirements for the inverter/controller include: (1) a power system controller (PSC) to control continuously the solar array operating point at the maximum power level based on variable solar insolation and cell temperatures; and (2) an inverter designed for high efficiency at rated load and low losses at light loadings to conserve energy. It must be capable of operating connected to the utility line at a level set by an external controller (PSC). This paper is presented in three sections: (1) the overall PPS and PSC design (Utility Mode); (2) the inverter design and test results; and (3) a PPS analysis and simulation testing, conducted at LeRC to verify the design control concepts and fix design parameters.

Pickrell, R.L.; O' Sullivan, G.; Merrill, W.C.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Improved ARM-SGP TOA OLR Fluxes from GOES-8 IR Radiances Based on CERES Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARM-SGP TOA OLR Fluxes from GOES-8 IR ARM-SGP TOA OLR Fluxes from GOES-8 IR Radiances Based on CERES Data D. R. Doelling and M. M. Khaiyer Analytical Services and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction The radiation budget at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) is a quantity of fundamental importance to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. Thus, it is necessary to measure the radiation budget components, broadband shortwave albedo and outgoing longwave radiation (OLR), as accurately as possible. Measurement of OLR over the ARM surface sites has only been possible since the advent of Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES; Wielicki et al. 1998) in 1998. Prior to

148

Worker health and safety in solar thermal power systems. III. Thermal energy storage subsystems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effects of the use of thermal energy storage (TES) subsystems in solar thermal power systems (STPS) on operating failures and on worker health and safety are examined. Revelant near- and medium-term designs for TES subsystems are reviewed. Generic failure events are considered by an event tree methodology. Three generic categories of initiating events are identified which can lead to release of storage fluids and other hazards. Three TES subsystem designs are selected for, and subjected to, analysis. A fluid release event tree for a sensible heat TES subsystem using mixed media organic oil/crushed rock and sand, designed for the Barstow, CA, 10 MWe pilot plant, is developed. Toxicology and flammability hazards are considered. The effect of component failures, including ullage and fluid maintenance units, on subsystem safety is considered. A latent heat subsystem using NaNO/sub 3//NaOH as the working medium is studied, and relevant failure events delineated. Mechanical equipment failures including the scraped wall heat exchangers, are examined. Lastly, a thermochemical TES subsystem using SO/sub 2//SO/sub 3/ interconversion is considered. Principle hazards identified include mechanical failures and storage fluid release. The integrity of the system is found to depend on catalyst and heat exchanger reliability. Dynamic response to off-normal system events is considered.

Ullman, A.Z.; Sokolow, B.B.; Daniels, J.; Hurt, P.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Superconducting Super Collider silicon tracking subsystem research and development  

SciTech Connect

The Alamos National Laboratory Mechanical Engineering and Electronics Division has been investigating silicon-based elementary particle tracking device technology as part of the Superconducting Super Collider-sponsored silicon subsystem collaboration. Structural, materials, and thermal issues have been addressed. This paper explores detector structural integrity and stability, including detailed finite element models of the silicon wafer support and predictive methods used in designing with advanced composite materials. The current design comprises a magnesium metal matrix composite (MMC) truss space frame to provide a sparse support structure for the complex array of silicon detectors. This design satisfies the 25-{mu}m structural stability requirement in a 10-Mrad radiation environment. This stability is achieved without exceeding the stringent particle interaction constraints set at 2.5% of a radiation length. Materials studies have considered thermal expansion, elastic modulus, resistance to radiation and chemicals, and manufacturability of numerous candidate materials. Based on optimization of these parameters, the MMC space frame will possess a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) near zero to avoid thermally induced distortions, whereas the cooling rings, which support the silicon detectors and heat pipe network, will probably be constructed of a graphite/epoxy composite whose CTE is engineered to match that of silicon. Results from radiation, chemical, and static loading tests are compared with analytical predictions and discussed. Electronic thermal loading and its efficient dissipation using heat pipe cooling technology are discussed. Calculations and preliminary designs for a sprayed-on graphite wick structure are presented. A hydrocarbon such as butane appears to be a superior choice of heat pipe working fluid based on cooling, handling, and safety criteria.

Miller, W.O.; Thompson, T.C.; Ziock, H.J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Gamble, M.T. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (USA). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering)

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

NREL: Computational Science - Inverse Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Inverse Design Inverse Design The NREL Computational Science Center collaborates with the High Throughput and Inverse Band Structure (HT/IBS) Group within the Center for Inverse Design (CID) to research, design, and create materials with given target properties. The Center for Inverse Design is an Energy Frontier Research Center of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. To address a crucial scientific grand challenge, the Center is pursuing a new approach to material science. Rather than using the conventional direct approach ("Given the structure, find the electronic properties"), we are using a "materials by inverse design" approach ("Given the desired property, find the structure"). Illustration of a blue arrow pointing to a graphic with three curved lines that represent an electronic structure and blue arrow pointing to a red and blue balls that represent an atomic configuration.

151

Subsystem functionals and the missing ingredient of confinement physics in density functionals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subsystem functional scheme is a promising approach recently proposed for constructing exchange-correlation density functionals. In this scheme, the physics in each part of real materials is described by mapping to a ...

Hao, Feng

152

Improving Gas-Fired Heat Pump Capacity and Performance by Adding a Desiccant Dehumidification Subsystem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the merits of coupling a desiccant dehumidification subsystem to a gas-engine- driven vapor compression air conditioner. A system is identified that uses a rotary, silica gel, parallel-plate dehumidifier. Dehumidifier data and analysis are based on recent tests. The dehumidification subsystem processes the fresh air portion and handles the latent portion of the load. Adding the desiccant subsystem increases the gas-based coefficient of performance 40% and increases the cooling capacity 50%. Increased initial manufacturing costs are estimated at around $500/ton ($142/kW) for volume production. This cost Level is expected to reduce the total initial cost per ton compared to a system without the desiccant subsystem.

Parsons, B. K.; Pesaran, A. A.; Bharathan, D.; Shelpuk, B. C.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Inverse Fusion PCR Cloning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inverse fusion PCR cloning (IFPC) is an easy, PCR based three-step cloning method that allows the seamless and directional insertion of PCR products into virtually all plasmids, this with a free choice of the insertion site. The PCR-derived inserts contain a vector-complementary 59-end that allows a fusion with the vector by an overlap extension PCR, and the resulting amplified insert-vector fusions are then circularized by ligation prior transformation. A minimal amount of starting material is needed and experimental steps are reduced. Untreated circular plasmid, or alternatively bacteria containing the plasmid, can be used as templates for the insertion, and clean-up of the insert fragment is not urgently required. The whole cloning procedure can be performed within a minimal hands-on time and results in the generation of hundreds to ten-thousands of positive colonies, with a minimal background.

Markus Spiliotis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Inverse problem for Bremsstrahlung radiation  

SciTech Connect

For certain predominantly one-dimensional distribution functions, an analytic inversion has been found which yields the velocity distribution of superthermal electrons given their Bremsstrahlung radiation. 5 refs.

Voss, K.E.; Fisch, N.J.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Evaluating Water Vapor in the NCAR CAM3 Climate Model with RRTMG/McICA using Modeled and Observed AIRS Spectral Radiances  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Vapor in the NCAR CAM3 Climate Model with Water Vapor in the NCAR CAM3 Climate Model with RRTMG/McICA using Modeled and Observed AIRS Spectral Radiances Michael J. Iacono, Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc., 131 Hartwell Avenue, Lexington, MA 02421 USA 1. Overview Objectives: * Evaluate water vapor and temperature simulation in two versions of CAM3 by comparing modeled and observed cloud-cleared AIRS spectral radiances. * Use spectral differences to verify comparisons between modeled water vapor and temperature and observed fields retrieved from AIRS radiances. Models: OSS: Optimal Spectral Sampling model developed at AER was used to simulate clear sky AIRS radiance spectra in CAM3. RRTMG/McICA: ARM-supported LW and SW radiative transfer model developed at AER for application to GCMs. RRTMG has been fully

156

Top-of-Atmosphere Radiance-to-Flux Conversion in the SW Domain for the ScaRaB-3 Instrument on Megha-Tropiques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The earth radiation budget (ERB) is the difference between the solar absorbed flux and the terrestrial emitted flux. These fluxes are calculated from satellite measurements of outgoing shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) radiances using empirical or ...

Michel Viollier; Carsten Standfuss; Olivier Chomette; Arnaud Quesney

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Satellite Data Assimilation in Numerical Weather Prediction Models. Part II: Uses of Rain-Affected Radiances from Microwave Observations for Hurricane Vortex Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid variational scheme (HVAR) is developed to produce the vortex analysis associated with tropical storms. This scheme allows for direct assimilation of rain-affected radiances from satellite microwave instruments. In the HVAR, the ...

Fuzhong Weng; Tong Zhu; Banghua Yan

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Impact of Assimilating AMSU-A Radiances on Forecasts of 2008 Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Initialized with a Limited-Area Ensemble Kalman Filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of assimilating radiance observations from the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (AMSU-A) on forecasts of several tropical cyclones (TCs) was studied using the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) and a limited-area ensemble ...

Zhiquan Liu; Craig S. Schwartz; Chris Snyder; So-Young Ha

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Intersatellite Radiance Biases for the High-Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounders (HIRS) on board NOAA-15, -16, and -17 from Simultaneous Nadir Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intersatellite radiance comparisons for the 19 infrared channels of the High-Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounders (HIRS) on board NOAA-15, -16, and -17 are performed with simultaneous nadir observations at the orbital intersections of the ...

Changyong Cao; Hui Xu; Jerry Sullivan; Larry McMillin; Pubu Ciren; Yu-Tai Hou

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Effects of the Choice of Meteorological Data on a Radiation Model Simulation of the NOAA Technique for Estimating Outgoing Longwave Radiation from Satellite Radiance Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The technique used by NOAA to estimate the outgoing longwave flux from 10 ?m window radiance observations has been reexamined because the data that result from the application of the empirically determined regression equation are systematically ...

Robert G. Ellingson; David J. Yanuk; Arnold Gruber

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Do Box Inverse Models Work?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of a box inverse model is tested using output from a near-eddy-resolving numerical model. Conservation equations are written in isopycnal layers for three properties: mass, heat, and salt anomaly. If the equations are free of ...

Peter C. McIntosh; Stephen R. Rintoul

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Solar Pilot Plant, Phase I. Preliminary design report. Volume III. Collector subsystem. CDRL item 2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Honeywell collector subsystem features a low-profile, multifaceted heliostat designed to provide high reflectivity and accurate angular and spatial positioning of the redirected solar energy under all conditions of wind load and mirror attitude within the design operational envelope. The heliostats are arranged in a circular field around a cavity receiver on a tower halfway south of the field center. A calibration array mounted on the receiver tower provides capability to measure individual heliostat beam location and energy periodically. This information and weather data from the collector field are transmitted to a computerized control subsystem that addresses the individual heliostat to correct pointing errors and determine when the mirrors need cleaning. This volume contains a detailed subsystem design description, a presentation of the design process, and the results of the SRE heliostat test program.

None

1977-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Coupled-cluster method: A lattice-path-based subsystem approximation scheme for quantum lattice models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approximation hierarchy, called the lattice-path-based subsystem (LPSUBm) approximation scheme, is described for the coupled-cluster method (CCM). It is applicable to systems defined on a regular spatial lattice. We then apply it to two well-studied prototypical (spin-(1/2) Heisenberg antiferromagnetic) spin-lattice models, namely, the XXZ and the XY models on the square lattice in two dimensions. Results are obtained in each case for the ground-state energy, the ground-state sublattice magnetization, and the quantum critical point. They are all in good agreement with those from such alternative methods as spin-wave theory, series expansions, quantum Monte Carlo methods, and the CCM using the alternative lattice-animal-based subsystem (LSUBm) and the distance-based subsystem (DSUBm) schemes. Each of the three CCM schemes (LSUBm, DSUBm, and LPSUBm) for use with systems defined on a regular spatial lattice is shown to have its own advantages in particular applications.

Bishop, R. F.; Li, P. H. Y. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Schuster Building, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

164

FY2002 Annual Progress Report for the Light Vehicle Propulsioin & Ancillary Subsystems Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Vehicle Technologies & Vehicle Technologies 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W. Washington, DC 20585-0121 FY 2002 Annual Progress Report for the Light Vehicle Propulsion & Ancillary Subsystems Program Submitted to: U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Vehicle Systems Team Robert Kost, Team Leader January 2003 Light Vehicle Propulsion & Ancillary Subsystems Program FY 2002 Annual Progress Report CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................... 1 II. TECHNOLOGY REQUIREMENTS DEFINITION....................................... 3 A. Simulation Model Development ..................................................................... 3 1. Improvement, Validation and Application of Advanced

165

System/subsystem specifications for the Worldwide Port System (WPS) Regional Integrated Cargo Database (ICDB)  

SciTech Connect

A system is being developed by the Military Traffic Management Command (MTMC) to provide data integration and worldwide management and tracking of surface cargo movements. The Integrated Cargo Database (ICDB) will be a data repository for the WPS terminal-level system, will be a primary source of queries and cargo traffic reports, will receive data from and provide data to other MTMC and non-MTMC systems, will provide capabilities for processing Advance Transportation Control and Movement Documents (ATCMDs), and will process and distribute manifests. This System/Subsystem Specifications for the Worldwide Port System Regional ICDB documents the system/subsystem functions, provides details of the system/subsystem analysis in order to provide a communication link between developers and operational personnel, and identifies interfaces with other systems and subsystems. It must be noted that this report is being produced near the end of the initial development phase of ICDB, while formal software testing is being done. Following the initial implementation of the ICDB system, maintenance contractors will be in charge of making changes and enhancing software modules. Formal testing and user reviews may indicate the need for additional software units or changes to existing ones. This report describes the software units that are components of this ICDB system as of August 1995.

Rollow, J.P.; Shipe, P.C.; Truett, L.F. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Faby, E.Z.; Fluker, J.; Grubb, J.; Hancock, B.R. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)] [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Ferguson, R.A. [Science Applications International Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)] [Science Applications International Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1995-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

166

Heat exchanger cleaning in support of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) - electronics subsystems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electronics systems supporting the development of biofouling countermeasures for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) are described. Discussed are the thermistor/thermopile amplifiers, heaters, flowmeters, temperature measurement, control systems for chlorination, flow driven brushes, and recirculating sponge rubber balls. The operation and troubleshooting of each electronic subsystem is documented.

Lott, D.F.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Design and implementation of the IP multimedia subsystem by using ITIL V3 recommendations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to describe the process of the design and implementation of IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) in one Telecom Operator in Bosnia and Herzegovina. IMS gives Telecom Operators the opportunity to do the convergence of fixed and mobile ... Keywords: IMS, ITIL V3, billing system, mediation system, provisioning system

A. Tanovic; I. Androulidakis; F. Orucevic

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

JETC: Joint Energy Thermal and Cooling Management for Memory and CPU Subsystems in Servers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JETC: Joint Energy Thermal and Cooling Management for Memory and CPU Subsystems in Servers Raid In this work we propose a joint energy, thermal and cooling management technique (JETC) that significantly re to thermal de- pendencies between CPU and memory and non-linearity in cooling energy. This motivates us

Simunic, Tajana

169

Integrated thermal and nonthermal treatment technology and subsystem cost sensitivity analysis  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) Environmental Management Office of Science and Technology (EM-50) authorized studies on alternative systems for treating contact-handled DOE mixed low-level radioactive waste (MLLW). The on-going Integrated Thermal Treatment Systems` (ITTS) and the Integrated Nonthermal Treatment Systems` (INTS) studies satisfy this request. EM-50 further authorized supporting studies including this technology and subsystem cost sensitivity analysis. This analysis identifies areas where technology development could have the greatest impact on total life cycle system costs. These areas are determined by evaluating the sensitivity of system life cycle costs relative to changes in life cycle component or phase costs, subsystem costs, contingency allowance, facility capacity, operating life, and disposal costs. For all treatment systems, the most cost sensitive life cycle phase is the operations and maintenance phase and the most cost sensitive subsystem is the receiving and inspection/preparation subsystem. These conclusions were unchanged when the sensitivity analysis was repeated on a present value basis. Opportunity exists for technology development to reduce waste receiving and inspection/preparation costs by effectively minimizing labor costs, the major cost driver, within the maintenance and operations phase of the life cycle.

Harvego, L.A.; Schafer, J.J.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Satellite Electrical Power Subsystem: Statistical Analysis of On-Orbit Anomalies and Failures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistical analysis of satellite Electrical Power Subsystem (EPS) failures is conducted in this paper, and of particular interest is the comparison of the failures between the EPS of LEO and GEO satellites. 12To investigate in more details the failure ...

So Young Kim; Jean-Francois Castet; Joseph H. Saleh

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Qualification test procedures and results for Honeywell solar collector subsystem, single-family residence  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The test procedures and results are described in qualifying the Honeywell solar collector subsystem. Testing began in mid-August 1976, and was concluded in late February 1977. Testing was done in the following areas: pressure, service loads, hail, solar degradation, pollutants, thermal degradation, and outgassing. Results from these tests are summarized.

Not Available

1977-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Multiphase inverse modeling: An Overview  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Inverse modeling is a technique to derive model-related parameters from a variety of observations made on hydrogeologic systems, from small-scale laboratory experiments to field tests to long-term geothermal reservoir responses. If properly chosen, these observations contain information about the system behavior that is relevant to the performance of a geothermal field. Estimating model-related parameters and reducing their uncertainty is an important step in model development, because errors in the parameters constitute a major source of prediction errors. This paper contains an overview of inverse modeling applications using the ITOUGH2 code, demonstrating the possibilities and limitations of a formalized approach to the parameter estimation problem.

Finsterle, S.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Archived Data at the University of Wisconsin Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The AERI instrument is an advanced version of the high spectral resolution interferometer sounder (HIS) designed and fabricated at the University of Wisconsin (Revercomb et al. 1988) to measure upwelling infrared radiances from an aircraft. The AERI is a fully automated ground-based passive infrared interferometer that measures downwelling atmospheric radiance from 3.3 - 18.2 mm (550 - 3000 cm-1) at less than 10-minute temporal resolution with a spectral resolution of one wavenumber. It has been used in DOEĆs Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program. Much of the data available here at the Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS), an institute within the University of Wisconsin’s Space Science and Engineering Center, may also be available in the ARM Archive. On this website, data and images from six different field experiments are available, along with AERIPLUS realtime data for the Madison, Wisconsin location. Realtime data includes temperature and water vapor time-height cross sections, SKEWT diagrams, convective stability indices, and displays from a rooftop Lidar instrument. The field experiments took place in Oaklahoma and Wisconsin with the AERI prototype.

174

Inverse scattering problem with isobars  

SciTech Connect

The inverse scattering problem is solved for a covariant, isobar-dominated scattering amplitude (including inelasticity). Application is made to the ..pi..N P/sub 33/ channel, with the ..pi..N ..delta.. vertex function and isobar bare mass as results.

Londergan, J.T.; Moniz, E.J.

1977-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Stress inversion using slip tendency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The in situ stress state is an important controlling factor for the slip behavior of faults and fractures in the earth's crust and hence for the productivity of faulted and fractured hydrocarbon reservoirs. Current methods for stress tensor estimation ... Keywords: Slip tendency, Stress inversion, Stress tensor, Structural geology

John M. McFarland; Alan P. Morris; David A. Ferrill

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

FY2001 Annual Progress Report for the Vehicle Propulsion & Ancillary Subsystems Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PROPULSION & PROPULSION & ANCILLARY SUBSYSTEMS 2 0 0 1 A N N UA L P R O G R E S S R E P O R T U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Transportation Technologies A C K N O W L E D G E M E N T We would like to express our sincere appreciation to Argonne National Laboratory and Computer Systems Management, Inc., for their artistic and technical contributions in preparing and publishing this report. In addition, we would like to thank all our program participants for their contributions to the programs and all the authors who prepared the project abstracts that comprise this report. U.S. Department of Energy Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585-0121 FY 2001 Annual Progress Report for the Vehicle Propulsion & Ancillary Subsystems Program

177

Report on Wind Turbine Subsystem Reliability - A Survey of Various Databases (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind industry has been challenged by premature subsystem/component failures. Various reliability data collection efforts have demonstrated their values in supporting wind turbine reliability and availability research & development and industrial activities. However, most information on these data collection efforts are scattered and not in a centralized place. With the objective of getting updated reliability statistics of wind turbines and/or subsystems so as to benefit future wind reliability and availability activities, this report is put together based on a survey of various reliability databases that are accessible directly or indirectly by NREL. For each database, whenever feasible, a brief description summarizing database population, life span, and data collected is given along with its features & status. Then selective results deemed beneficial to the industry and generated based on the database are highlighted. This report concludes with several observations obtained throughout the survey and several reliability data collection opportunities in the future.

Sheng, S.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Development and testing of the Solar Control Corporation modular Controller and Solarstat Subsystem. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document summarizes the final results of contract NAS8-32258 Solar Control Corporation, for the additional development work on their existing Controller and Solarstat Subsystem for use with solar heating and cooling systems. It discusses the intended use of the final report, describes the deliverable end items, lists program objectives, and relates how they were accomplished. The report shows that the products developed are marketable and suitable for public use.

Hankins, J.D.

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Central receiver solar thermal power system. Collector subsystem annual technical progress report  

SciTech Connect

In the Boeing collector subsystem concept, operating with a central receiver installation, circular membrane reflectors formed with aluminized polyester film, direct sunlight to the central receiver. Transparent air-supported plastic enclosures protect the lightweight reflectors from the environment. Reflectors are individually aimed with a 2-axis gimbal, driven by digital-controlled stepper motors. Minicomputers, at various locations in the heliostat field, provide signals to the stepper motors. Additional details of the collector subsystem design for both the Pilot Plant preliminary design (PD) baseline and research experiments is given. As part of this effort, three heliostats and a drive and control assembly are being fabricated and tested to provide design data and verification of the PD. In addition, an extensive evaluation program is being conducted on the key plastic materials used in the protective enclosure and reflector. Performance tests on large-scale heliostats are being conducted at a desert test site in northeast Oregon. Items completed during the past quarter include: fabrication of protective enclosures (domes) and reflectors; installation and initiation of environmental testing of two domes at Boardman, Oregon; and a major portion of assembly/integration tests on the collector subsystem, including domes, reflectors and the drive and control assembly. (WDM)

1976-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

180

Temperature Inversions in the Subarctic North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrographic data from the World Ocean Database 2001 and Argo profiling floats were analyzed to study temperature inversions in the subarctic North Pacific Ocean. The frequency distribution of temperature inversions [F(t-inv)] at a resolution of ...

Hiromichi Ueno; Ichiro Yasuda

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The inversion algorithm for digital simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inversion algorithm is an event-driven algorithm, whose performance rivals or exceeds that of levelized compiled code simulation, even at activity rates of 50% or more. The inversion algorithm has several unique features, the most remarkable of which ...

P. M. Maurer

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Generalized inversion and theory of agree  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis I examine some of the fundamental questions surrounding inversion structures. I first provide an analysis of Locative Inversion. I show that the mixed A- and A- syntactic behavior of the fronted PP in English ...

Wu, Hsiao-hung Iris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Numerical Transform Inversion Using Gaussian Quadrature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical inversion of Laplace transforms is a powerful tool in computational probability. It greatly enhances the applicability of stochastic models in many fields. In this article we present a simple Laplace transform inversion algorithm that can compute ...

Peter Den Iseger

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Solar Pilot Plant, Phase I. Preliminary design report. Volume IV. Receiver subsystem (CDRL item 2). [Contains engineering drawings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Honeywell receiver subsystem design uses well established fossil technology and consists of a cavity receiver housing, a steam generator, a cavity barrier, piping, and a support tower. The steam generator absorbs the redirected solar energy from the collector subsystem and converts it to superheated steam which drives the turbine. The receiver is adequately shielded to protect personnel and equipment. A cavity barrier is lowered at night to conserve heat and expedite startup the following day. This volume contains the subsystem design and methodology and the correlation with the design and performance characteristics of the SRE steam generator which was fabricated and successfully tested during the program.

None

1977-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Inverse Problems in Heat Transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter presents a stochastic modeling and statistical inference approach to the solution of inverse problems in thermal transport systems. Of particular interest is the inverse heat conduction problem (IHCP) of estimating an unknown boundary heat flux in a conducting solid given temperature data within the domain. Even though deterministic sequential and whole time domain estimation methods have been applied with success over the years for the solution of such problems, we herein introduce stochastic approaches to representing and solving the IHCP. As most engineering systems and processes operate in an uncertain environment, it becomes increasingly important to address their analysis and inverse design in a stochastic manner using statistical data-driven prior and concurrent information on the system response. Recent advances in spectral stochastic modeling, computational Bayesian and spatial statistics enable complete and e#cient solution procedures to such problems. Two distinct approaches to the IHCP are presented in this chapter one based on spectral stochastic modeling and the other on Bayesian inference. Although these techniques are discussed in the context of the IHCP, the methodologies presented are general and applicable to design and estimation problems in other more complex problems in thermal transport systems including problems in the presence of convection, radiation and conduction. 1

Nicholas Zabaras

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Theoretical analysis of inverse weibull distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study we present the theoretical analysis of Inverse weibull distribution. This paper presents the flexibility of the Inverse weibull distribution that approaches to different distributions. Here we compare the relevant parameters such as shape, ... Keywords: graphically analysis, inverse weibull distribution, simulation analysis

M. Shuaib Khan; G. R. Pasha; Ahmed Hesham Pasha

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Remotely Controlled, Continuous Observations of Infrared Radiance with the CSIRO/ARM Mark II Radiometer at the SGP CART Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Remotely Controlled, Continuous Observations of Remotely Controlled, Continuous Observations of Infrared Radiance with the CSIRO/ARM Mark II Radiometer at the SGP CART Site C. M. R. Platt and R. T. Austin Department of Atmospheric Science Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado C. M. R. Platt and J. A. Bennett Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Atmospheric Research Aspendale, Victoria, Australia Abstract The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization/Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (CSIRO/ARM) Program Mark II infrared (IR) filter radiometer operated continuously at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site for a period of five weeks. Data of high quality were obtained by remote operation and data transfer with no evidence of spurious

188

Three-Dimensional Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data on a PC,...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

additional parameters solved in the inversion. Initial inversion results for the Coso data set qualitatively resemble previous models from 2-D inversion stitches and from massively...

189

Computer program development specification for the air traffic control subsystem of the Man-Vehicle Systems Research Facility.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Functional summary: The Air Traffic Control (ATC) Subsystem of the Man-Vehicle System Research Facility (MVSRF) is a hardware/software complex which provides the MVSRF with the capability of simulating the multi-aircraft, ...

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Flight Transportation Laboratory

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Method of and apparatus for preheating pressurized fluidized bed combustor and clean-up subsystem of a gas turbine power plant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a gas turbine power plant having a pressurized fluidized bed combustor, gas turbine-air compressor subsystem and a gas clean-up subsystem interconnected for fluid flow therethrough, a pipe communicating the outlet of the compressor of the gas turbine-air compressor subsystem with the interior of the pressurized fluidized bed combustor and the gas clean-up subsystem to provide for flow of compressed air, heated by the heat of compression, therethrough. The pressurized fluidized bed combustor and gas clean-up subsystem are vented to atmosphere so that the heated compressed air flows therethrough and loses heat to the interior of those components before passing to the atmosphere.

Cole, Rossa W. (E. Rutherford, NJ); Zoll, August H. (Cedar Grove, NJ)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Photovoltaic power conditioning subsystem: state of the art and development opportunities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photovoltaic sytems, the state of the art of power conditioning subsystem components, and the design and operational interaction between photovoltaic systems and hot utilities are detailed in this document. Major technical issues relating to the design and development of power conditioning systems for photovoltaic application are also considered, including: (1) standards, guidelines, and specifications; (2) cost-effective hardware design; (3) impact of advanced components on power conditioning development; (4) protection and safety; (5) quality of power; (6) system efficiency; and (7) system integration with the host utility. In addition, theories of harmonic distortion and reactive power flow are discussed, and information about power conditioner hardware and manufacturers is provided.

Krauthamer, S.; Bahrami, K.; Das, R.; Macie, T.; Rippel, W.

1984-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Kinematic Stirling engine as an energy conversion subsystem for paraboloidal dish solar thermal power plants  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The potential of a suitably designed and economically manufactured Stirling engine as the energy conversion subsystem of a paraboloidal dish-Stirling solar thermal power module has been estimated. Results obtained by elementary cycle analyses have been shown to match quite well the performance characteristics of an advanced kinematic Stirling engine, the United Stirling P-40, as established by current prototypes of the engine and by a more sophisticated analytic model of its advanced derivative. In addition to performance, brief consideration has been given to other Stirling engine criteria such as durability, reliability, and serviceability. Production costs have not been considered here.

Bowyer, J.M.

1984-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

193

Statistical Inference in Inverse Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inverse problems have gained popularity in statistical research recently. This dissertation consists of two statistical inverse problems: a Bayesian approach to detection of small low emission sources on a large random background, and parameter estimation methods for partial differential equation (PDE) models. Source detection problem arises, for instance, in some homeland security applications. We address the problem of detecting presence and location of a small low emission source inside an object, when the background noise dominates. The goal is to reach the signal-to-noise ratio levels on the order of 10^-3. We develop a Bayesian approach to this problem in two-dimension. The method allows inference not only about the existence of the source, but also about its location. We derive Bayes factors for model selection and estimation of location based on Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation. A simulation study shows that with sufficiently high total emission level, our method can effectively locate the source. Differential equation (DE) models are widely used to model dynamic processes in many fields. The forward problem of solving equations for given parameters that define the DEs has been extensively studied in the past. However, the inverse problem of estimating parameters based on observed state variables is relatively sparse in the statistical literature, and this is especially the case for PDE models. We propose two joint modeling schemes to solve for constant parameters in PDEs: a parameter cascading method and a Bayesian treatment. In both methods, the unknown functions are expressed via basis function expansion. For the parameter cascading method, we develop the algorithm to estimate the parameters and derive a sandwich estimator of the covariance matrix. For the Bayesian method, we develop the joint model for data and the PDE, and describe how the Markov chain Monte Carlo technique is employed to make posterior inference. A straightforward two-stage method is to first fit the data and then to estimate parameters by the least square principle. The three approaches are illustrated using simulated examples and compared via simulation studies. Simulation results show that the proposed methods outperform the two-stage method.

Xun, Xiaolei

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Survey of solar thermal energy storage subsystems for thermal/electric applications  

SciTech Connect

A survey of the current technology and estimated costs of subsystems for storing the thermal energy produced by solar collectors is presented. The systems considered were capable of producing both electricity and space conditioning for three types of loads: a single-family detached residence, an apartment complex of 100 units, and a city of 30,000 residents, containing both single-family residences and apartments. Collector temperatures will be in four ranges: (1) 100 to 250/sup 0/F (used for space heating and single-cycle air conditioners and organic Rankine low-temperature turbines); (2) 300 to 400/sup 0/F (used for dual-cycle air conditioners and low-temperature turbines); (3) 400 to 600/sup 0/F (using fluids from parabolic trough collectors to run Rankine turbines); (4) 800 to 1000/sup 0/F (using fluids from heliostats to run closed-cycle gas turbines and steam Rankine turbines). The solar thermal energy subsystems will require from 60 to 36 x 10/sup 5/ kWhr (2.05 x 10/sup 5/ to 1.23 x 10/sup 10/ Btu) of thermal storage capacity. In addition to sensible heat and latent heat storage materials, several other media were investigated as potential thermal energy storage materials, including the clathrate and semiclathrate hydrates, various metal hydrides, and heat storage based on inorganic chemical reactions.

Segaser, C. L.

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Laser Extinction in Laminar Inverse Diffusion Flames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diagnostics, Chapter 9: Laser-Induced Incandescence,Laser Extinction in Laminar Inverse Diffusion Flames WesternFoundation, Arlington, VA Laser Extinction in Laminar

Macko, Kevin; Mikofski, Mark A; Fernandez-Pello, Carlos; Blevins, Linda G; Davis, Ronald W.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Solar Pilot Plant, Phase I. Preliminary design report. Volume VI. Electrical power generation; master control subsystems; balance of plant CDRL item 2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Honeywell electrical power generation subsystem centers on a General Electric dual admission, triple extraction turbine generator sized to the output requirements of the Pilot Plant. The turbine receives steam from the receiver subsystem and/or the thermal storage subsystem and supplies those subsystems with feedwater. The turbine condensor is wet cooled. The plant control system consists of a coordinated digital master and subsystem digital/analog controls. The remainder of the plant, work spaces, maintenance areas, roads, and reception area are laid out to provide maximum convenience compatible with utility and safety. Most of the activities are housed in a complex around the base of the receiver tower. This volume contains a description of the relationship of the electrical power generation subsystem to the rest of the plant, the design methodology and evolution, the interface integration and control, and the operation and maintenance procedures.

None

1977-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Approximation of Bayesian Inverse Problems for PDEs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inverse problems are often ill posed, with solutions that depend sensitively on data. In any numerical approach to the solution of such problems, regularization of some form is needed to counteract the resulting instability. This paper is based on an ... Keywords: Bayesian, Markov chain-Monte Carlo, Stokes flow, data assimilation, inverse problem

S. L. Cotter; M. Dashti; A. M. Stuart

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Department of Mathematics Analysis Inverse Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

McLaughlin In this talk we report the application of level-set techniques for reservoir facies for data inversion in reservoir modeling, Inverse Problems, 25 (2009), 035006. [4] M. A. Iglesias and D. McLaughlin.40­14.05 Anastasia Cornelio (Modena, Italy) Regularized Nonlinear Least Squares Methods for Hit Position

Hofmann, Bernd

199

Positive and inverse isotope effect on superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article improves the BCS theory to include the inverse isotope effect on superconductivity. An affective model can be deduced from the model including electron-phonon interactions, and the phonon-induced attraction is simply and clearly explained on the electron Green function. The focus of this work is on how the positive or inverse isotope effect occurs in superconductors.

Tian De Cao

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

200

Inverse Raman effect: applications and detection techniques  

SciTech Connect

The processes underlying the inverse Raman effect are qualitatively described by comparing it to the more familiar phenomena of conventional and stimulated Raman scattering. An experession is derived for the inverse Raman absorption coefficient, and its relationship to the stimulated Raman gain is obtained. The power requirements of the two fields are examined qualitatively and quantitatively. The assumption that the inverse Raman absorption coefficient is constant over the interaction length is examined. Advantages of the technique are discussed and a brief survey of reported studies is presented.

Hughes, L.J. Jr.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Inverse hyperbolic problems and optical black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we give a more geometrical formulation of the main theorem in [E1] on the inverse problem for the second order hyperbolic equation of general form with coefficients independent of the time variable. We apply this theorem to the inverse problem for the equation of the propagation of light in a moving medium (the Gordon equation). Then we study the existence of black and white holes for the general hyperbolic and for the Gordon equation and we discuss the impact of this phenomenon on the inverse problems.

Gregory Eskin

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

202

Inversion-free, noiseless Raman echoes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using double optical Raman rephasing, an inversion-free resonant Raman echo is studied in an inhomogeneously broadened spin ensemble of a solid medium, where the Raman optical field-excited spin coherence has a frozen propagation vector. Unlike photon echoes whose quantum memory application is strictly limited due to \\pi rephasing pulse-induced population inversion causing quantum noises, the optical Raman field-excited spin echo is inherently silent owing to the frozen propagation vector. Thus, the doubly rephased Raman echo can be directly applied for quantum interface in a population inversion-free environment.

Byoung S. Ham

2011-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

203

10-MWe solar-thermal central-receiver pilot plant: collector subsystem foundation construction. Revision No. 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Bid documents are provided for the construction of the collector subsystem foundation of the Barstow Solar Pilot Plant, including invitation to bid, bid form, representations and certifications, construction contract, and labor standards provisions of the Davis-Bacon Act. Instructions to bidders, general provisions and general conditions are included. Technical specifications are provided for the construction. (LEW)

Not Available

1979-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

204

The distribution of inversion lengths in bacteria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The distribution of the lengths of genomic segments inverted during the evolutionary divergence of two species cannot be inferred directly from the output of genome rearrangement algorithms, due to the rapid loss of signal from all but the shortest inversions. ...

David Sankoff; Jean-François Lefebvre; Elisabeth Tillier; Adrian Maler; Nadia El-Mabrouk

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Instrumentation and algorithms for electrostatic inverse problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes tracking objects with low-level electric fields. A physical model is presented that describes the important interactions and the required mathematical inversions. Sophisticated hardware used to perform ...

Strachan, John Paul, 1978-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Efficient Inverse Modeling of Barotropic Ocean Tides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computationally efficient relocatable system for generalized inverse (GI) modeling of barotropic ocean tides is described. The GI penalty functional is minimized using a representer method, which requires repeated solution of the forward and ...

Gary D. Egbert; Svetlana Y. Erofeeva

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Potential Vorticity Inversion on a Hemisphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several different kinds of accurate potential vorticity (PV) inversion operators, and the associated balanced models, are tested for the shallow water equations on a hemisphere in an attempt to approach the ultimate limitations of the balance, ...

Michael E. McIntyre; Warwick A. Norton

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

A fluorophosphate-based inverse Keggin structure  

SciTech Connect

An unusual PFO(3)(2-)-templated "inverse Keggin" polyanion, [Mo(12)O(46)(PF)(4)](4-), has been isolated from the degradation reaction of an {Mo(132)}-type Keplerate to [PMo(12)O(40)](3-) by [Cu(MeCN)(4)](PF(6)) in acetonitrile. (31)P-NMR studies suggest a structure-directing role for [Cu(MeCN)(4)](+) in the formation of the highly unusual all-inorganic inverse Keggin structure.

Fielden, John; Quasdorf, Kyle; Cronin, Leroy; Kogerler, Paul

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

209

Iterative inverse kinematics with manipulator configuration control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method, termed the offset modification method (OM method), for solving the manipulator inverse kinematics problem is presented. The OM method works by modifying the link offset values of a manipulator until it is possible to derive closed-form inverse kinematics equations for the resulting manipulator (termed the model manipulator). This procedure allows one to derive a set of three nonlinear equations in three unknowns that, when numerically solved, give an inverse kinematics solution for the original manipulator. The OM method can be applied to manipulators with any number of degrees of freedom, as long as the manipulator satisfies a given set of conditions (Theorem 1). The OM method is tested on a 6-degree-of-freedom manipulator that has no known closed-form inverse kinematics equations. It is shown that the OM method is applicable to real-time manipulator control, can be used to guarantee convergence to a desired endpoint position and orientation (if it exists), and allows one to directly choose which inverse kinematics solution the algorithm will converge to (as specified in the model manipulator closed-form inverse kinematics equations). Applications of the method to other 6-DOF manipulator geometries and to redundant manipulators (i.e. greater than 6 DOF geometries) are discussed.

Grudic, G.Z.; Lawrence, P.D. [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Definition of the requirements of a station keeping subsystem (SKSS) engineering evaluation tool (SKEET). Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A study of the requirements of an OTEC Station Keeping Subsystem (SKSS) Engineering Evaluation TOOL (SKEET) has been completed by Hoffman Maritime Consultants Inc. SKEET is intended to provide a basis for quantitative comparison and assessment of candidate SKSS performance based on realistic predictions of expected loads, motions and displacements obtained by modeling all significant environmental and operational factors. The objectives of the study are: to define the required elements of a SKEET, and to assess the state of the art of technology related to SKEET. The results provide a technical basis for decisions regarding the planning, acquisition and implementation of a SKEET. It is noted that selection of specific analytical methods to be incorporated in SKEET is beyond the scope of the present study. The requirements for formulation of a SKEET, based on supporting documentation provided in separate volumes, are summarized. The results of the study have shown that: existing technology and methods of analysis are adequate to fulfill the basic requirements of SKEET, except that further validation is required for methods of predicting second order wave drift forces for cases other than ship in beam seas. Therefore, it is concluded that: development of a SKEET is essentially a process of selection, adaptation, integration and validation; and that a basic SKEET capability could be achieved within a one year period.

Not Available

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Development of Standardized Power Electronic Components, Subsystems, and Systems for Increased Modularity and Scalability  

SciTech Connect

Power electronics devices hold substantial promise for making distributed energy applications more efficient and cost effective. This project is motivated towards developing and testing inverters that will allow distributed energy systems to provide ancillary services such as voltage and VAR regulation, and increased grid reliability by seamlessly transitioning between grid-tied and stand-alone operation modes. The objectives of this project are to identify system integration and optimization issues and technologies and to provide solutions through research, analysis, and testing of power electronic interfaces for distributed energy applications that are cost-competitive and have substantially faster response times than conventional technologies. In addition, the testing of power electronics interfaces will develop a technical basis for performance assessment for distributed energy systems, subsystems, and components that will finally create a foundation for standardized measurements and test procedures. The ultimate goal for this research is to advance the potential benefits of distributed energy to provide ancillary services, enhance power system reliability, and allow customer choice.

Chakraborty, S.; Pink, C.; Price, J.; Kroposki, B.; Kern, G.

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Radiance Temperature Calibrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Argon Supply and Alarm 55 "C Chilled Water/Cold Water Switch Digital Voltmeter Gold-filled Crucible Heat Pipe Furnace Personal Computer ...

2010-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

213

Work-efficient matrix inversion in polylogarithmic time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an algorithm for matrix inversion that combines the practical requirement of an optimal number of arithmetic operations and the theoretical goal of a polylogarithmic critical path length. The algorithm reduces inversion to matrix multiplication. ... Keywords: linear algebra, matrix inversion, newton approximation, numerics, parallel algorithms, polylogarithmic time, strassen's inversion algorithm

Peter Sanders, Jochen Speck, Raoul Steffen

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Solar Pilot Plant Phase I, detailed design report: collector subsystem research experiment. CDRL Item No. 6 (Approved)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The configurations of the experimental heliostat, power and control system, and support elements for the Barstow Solar Pilot Plant are described, and the analytical and experimental determination of performance parameters is discussed. A system analysis is presented, including demonstration of pointing accuracy by error analysis, and demonstration of loop performance by simulation. Engineering model test plans are given that are to evaluate subassemblies, processes, and procedures as well as provide insight into best tests for heliostat subsystem testing. Mirror module test data are analyzed. A comprehensive test plan for the experimental model is presented. Appended are: a heliostat power consumption analysis; collector subsystem research experiment detail specification; structural analysis; solar image analysis; computer and software information; breadboard test data; simulation of the heliostat control loop; mirror module reflectance measurements; plywood frame fixed focus mirror module test data; techniques for redirected image characterization; performance of a meteorological measuring system; and heliostat design data. (LEW)

Not Available

1976-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

215

Interactive Computer-Enhanced Remote Viewing System (ICERVS): Subsystem design report - Phase 2  

SciTech Connect

This ICERVS Phase II Subsystem Design Report describes the detailed software design of the Phase II Interactive Computer-Enhanced Remote Viewing System (ICERVS). ICERVS is a computer-based system that provides data acquisition, data visualization, data analysis, and model synthesis to support robotic remediation of hazardous environments. Due to the risks associated with hazardous environments, remediation must be conducted remotely using robotic systems, which, in turn, must rely on 3D models of their workspace to support both task and path planning with collision avoidance. Tools such as ICERVS are vital to accomplish remediation tasks in a safe, efficient manner. The 3D models used by robotic systems are based on solid modeling methods, in which objects are represented by enclosing surfaces (polygons, quadric surfaces, patches, etc.) or collections of primitive solids (cubes, cylinders, etc.). In general, these 3D models must be created and/or verified by actual measurements made in the robotics workspace. However, measurement data is empirical in nature, with typical output being a collection of xyz triplets that represent sample points on some surface(s) in the workspace. As such, empirical data cannot be readily analyzed in terms of geometric representations used in robotic workspace models. The primary objective of ICERVS is to provide a reliable description of a workspace based on dimensional measurement data and to convert that description into 3D models that can be used by robotic systems. ICERVS will thus serve as a critical factor to allow robotic remediation tasks to be performed more effectively (faster, safer) and economically than with present systems.

Smith, D.A.

1994-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

216

"Sousveillance": inverse surveillance in multimedia imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a personal narrative that began 30 years ago as a childhood hobby, of wearing and implanting various sensors, effectors, and multimedia computation in order to re-define personal space and modify sensory perception computationally. This work ... Keywords: computer mediated reality, cyborglog, equiveillance, eyetap, inverse surveillance, sousveillance, surveillance, weblog

Steve Mann

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Designing Optimal Spectral Filters for Inverse Problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectral filtering suppresses the amplification of errors when computing solutions to ill-posed inverse problems; however, selecting good regularization parameters is often expensive. In many applications, data are available from calibration experiments. ... Keywords: Bayes risk, Bayesian risk, Tikhonov, Wiener filter, empirical risk, filtering, ill-posed problem, image deblurring, machine learning, optimal design, optimal filtering, regularization, singular value decomposition, stochastic programming

Julianne Chung; Matthias Chung; Dianne P. O'Leary

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Arctic Inversion Strength in Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent work indicates that climate models have a positive bias in the strength of the wintertime low-level temperature inversion over the high-latitude Northern Hemisphere. It has been argued this bias leads to underestimates of the Arctic’s ...

Brian Medeiros; Clara Deser; Robert A. Tomas; Jennifer E. Kay

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

A search for inverse fission of uranium  

SciTech Connect

There is a long-term interest in running the fission reaction backward, i.e., studying the 'inverse fission' of uranium. The recent availability of beams of n-rich fission fragments has stimulated interest in this endeavor. The purpose is to search for inverse fission in the reactions {sup 124,132}Sn + {sup 100}Mo. In the {sup 124}Sn + {sup 100}Mo reaction, evaporation residues were searched for using in-beam detection of evaporation residues, in-beam {alpha} spectroscopy, and post-irradiation {alpha} spectroscopy, while in the {sup 132}Sn + {sup 100}Mo reaction, the evaporation residue {sup 230}U was searched for using post-irradiation {alpha} spectroscopy. No evidence for the occurrence of the inverse fission reactions was found. The upper-limit cross section for the latter reaction is {approx}550 {mu}b, while the experimental upper-limit cross section for the former reaction is about 21{sup -21}{sup +38} nb. The intensity of suitable radioactive beams is not high enough at present to detect inverse fission. For the {sup 124}Sn + {sup 100}Mo reaction, the observed upper limits are below the estimates of current models for these reactions, probably due to fusion hindrance.

Yanez, R [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Loveland, Walter [Oregon State University; Beckerman, J. [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Leonard, M. [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Pettersson, G. [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Gross, Carl J [ORNL; Shapira, Dan [ORNL; Liang, J Felix [ORNL; Kohley, Zachary W [ORNL; Varner Jr, Robert L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Inverse Problems in Classical and Quantum Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subject of this thesis is in the area of Applied Mathematics known as Inverse Problems. Inverse problems are those where a set of measured data is analysed in order to get as much information as possible on a model which is assumed to represent a system in the real world. We study two inverse problems in the fields of classical and quantum physics: QCD condensates from tau-decay data and the inverse conductivity problem. We use a functional method which allows us to extract within rather general assumptions phenomenological parameters of QCD (the condensates) from a comparison of the time-like experimental data with asymptotic space-like results from theory. The price to be paid for the generality of assumptions is relatively large errors in the values of the extracted parameters. Although we do not claim that our method is superior to other approaches, we hope that our results lend additional confidence to the numerical results obtained with the help of methods based on QCD sum rules. In this thesis, als...

Almasy, Andrea A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Inverse Problems in Classical and Quantum Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subject of this thesis is in the area of Applied Mathematics known as Inverse Problems. Inverse problems are those where a set of measured data is analysed in order to get as much information as possible on a model which is assumed to represent a system in the real world. We study two inverse problems in the fields of classical and quantum physics: QCD condensates from tau-decay data and the inverse conductivity problem. We use a functional method which allows us to extract within rather general assumptions phenomenological parameters of QCD (the condensates) from a comparison of the time-like experimental data with asymptotic space-like results from theory. The price to be paid for the generality of assumptions is relatively large errors in the values of the extracted parameters. Although we do not claim that our method is superior to other approaches, we hope that our results lend additional confidence to the numerical results obtained with the help of methods based on QCD sum rules. In this thesis, also two approaches of EIT image reconstruction are proposed. The first is based on reformulating the inverse problem in terms of integral equations. This method uses only a single set of measurements for the reconstruction. The second approach is an algorithm based on linearisation which uses more then one set of measurements. A promising result is that one can qualitatively reconstruct the conductivity inside the cross-section of a human chest. Even though the human volunteer is neither two-dimensional nor circular, such reconstructions can be useful in medical applications: monitoring for lung problems such as accumulating fluid or a collapsed lung and noninvasive monitoring of heart function and blood flow.

Andrea A. Almasy

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

222

Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation of Thermal Infrared Satellite Images Used in Geothermal Exploration Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation of Thermal Infrared Satellite Images Used in Geothermal Exploration Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Examples of nighttime temperature inversions are shown in thermal infrared satellite images collected over the Coso geothermal field in eastern California. Temperature-elevation plots show the normal trend of temperature decrease with elevation, on which temperature inversions appear superimposed as opposite trends. Such inversions are common and they should

223

High-Inversion Fog Episodes in Central California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The meteorological conditions associated with the high-inversion fog episode on 23–28 December 1978 near Chico, California, are described. In general, the meteorological conditions throughout the fog and inversion layers were characterized by ...

Stephen Holets; Robert N. Swanson

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Waves on a Marine Inversion Undergoing Mountain Leeside Wind Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inland penetration of a shallow layer of marine air is a common occurrence along the coast of southern California. The marine air generally is confined to the coastal basin by surrounding mountains and a capping inversion. Air above the inversion ...

William T. Sommers

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Error Budget of Inverse Box Models: The North Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linear inverse box models based on hydrographic data are widely used to estimate the ocean circulation and associated transports of heat and of other important quantities. The inverse method permits calculation of a circulation that is consistent ...

Alexandre Ganachaud

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Antarctic Low-Tropospheric Humidity Inversions: 10-Yr Climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Humidity inversions are nearly permanently present in the coastal Antarctic atmosphere. This is shown based on an investigation of statistical characteristics of humidity inversions at 11 Antarctic coastal stations using radiosonde data from the ...

Tiina Nygĺrd; Teresa Valkonen; Timo Vihma

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Wrist-Partitioned Inverse Kinematic Accelerations and Manipulator Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An efficient algorithm is presented for the calculation of the inverse kinematic accelerations for a 6 degree-of-freedom manipulator with a spherical wrist. The inverse kinematic calculation is shown to work synergistically ...

Hollerbach, John M.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Optical inverse-square displacement sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention comprises an optical displacement sensor that uses the inverse-square attenuation of light reflected from a diffused surface to calculate the distance from the sensor to the reflecting surface. Light emerging from an optical fiber or the like is directed onto the surface whose distance is to be measured. The intensity I of reflected light is angle dependent, but within a sufficiently small solid angle it falls off as the inverse square of the distance from the surface. At least a pair of optical detectors are mounted to detect the reflected light within the small solid angle, their ends being at different distances R and R + [Delta]R from the surface. The distance R can then be found in terms of the ratio of the intensity measurements and the separation length as given in an equation. 10 figs.

Howe, R.D.; Kychakoff, G.

1989-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

229

Optical inverse-square displacement sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention comprises an optical displacement sensor that uses the inverse-square attenuation of light reflected from a diffused surface to calculate the distance from the sensor to the reflecting surface. Light emerging from an optical fiber or the like is directed onto the surface whose distance is to be measured. The intensity I of reflected light is angle dependent, but within a sufficiently small solid angle it falls off as the inverse square of the distance from the surface. At least a pair of optical detectors are mounted to detect the reflected light within the small solid angle, their ends being at different distances R and R+.DELTA.R from the surface. The distance R can then be found in terms of the ratio of the intensity measurements and the separation length as ##EQU1##

Howe, Robert D. (San Mateo County, CA); Kychakoff, George (King County, WA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Modeling Direct and Inverse Problems in Ferritic Heat-Exchanger ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Data Analytics for Materials Science and Manufacturing. Presentation Title, Modeling Direct and Inverse Problems in Ferritic Heat- Exchanger Tubes.

231

Computationally efficient Bayesian inference for inverse problems.  

SciTech Connect

Bayesian statistics provides a foundation for inference from noisy and incomplete data, a natural mechanism for regularization in the form of prior information, and a quantitative assessment of uncertainty in the inferred results. Inverse problems - representing indirect estimation of model parameters, inputs, or structural components - can be fruitfully cast in this framework. Complex and computationally intensive forward models arising in physical applications, however, can render a Bayesian approach prohibitive. This difficulty is compounded by high-dimensional model spaces, as when the unknown is a spatiotemporal field. We present new algorithmic developments for Bayesian inference in this context, showing strong connections with the forward propagation of uncertainty. In particular, we introduce a stochastic spectral formulation that dramatically accelerates the Bayesian solution of inverse problems via rapid evaluation of a surrogate posterior. We also explore dimensionality reduction for the inference of spatiotemporal fields, using truncated spectral representations of Gaussian process priors. These new approaches are demonstrated on scalar transport problems arising in contaminant source inversion and in the inference of inhomogeneous material or transport properties. We also present a Bayesian framework for parameter estimation in stochastic models, where intrinsic stochasticity may be intermingled with observational noise. Evaluation of a likelihood function may not be analytically tractable in these cases, and thus several alternative Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) schemes, operating on the product space of the observations and the parameters, are introduced.

Marzouk, Youssef M.; Najm, Habib N.; Rahn, Larry A.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Preliminary designs for modular OTEC platform station-keeping subsystems. Final report. MR and S Report No. 6042-6  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This volume of the report presents the results of the third through the sixth tasks of the Station Keeping Subsystem (SKSS) design studies for 10/40 MW/sub e/ capacity OTEC Modular Experiment platforms (MEP). Tasks 3 through 6 are: (3) complete preliminary designs for one SKSS for each of the two platforms (SPAR and BARGE); (4) development and testing recommendations for the MEP SKSS; (5) cost-time analysis; and (6) commercial plant recommendations. The overall conclusions and recommendations for the modular, as well as the commercial, OTEC platform station keeping subsystems are delineated. The basic design assumptions made during the process, the technical approach followed, and the results of design iterations, reliability and performance analyses are given. A complete description of the preliminary design SKSS concept is presented. The summary cost estimates for each of the alternative SKSS concepts considered are presented and a time schedule for the recommended concept is provided. The effects of varying some of the important parameters used in SKSS design on the performance and cost of the mooring system are investigated and results presented. The tests required and other developmental recommendations in order to verify and confirm the basic design assumptions are discussed. Finally, the experience gained in the MEP preliminary designs are extended to future commercial OTEC plants' SKSS designs. (WHK)

None

1980-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

233

Preliminary design for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Stationkeeping Subsystem (SKSS). Task IV. Development and testing recommendations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The preliminary designs of Stationkeeping Subsystems (SKSS) for the OTEC Modular Experiment Plant are being prepared for a barge and spar platform. The SKSS selected by NOAA for the barge is a multiple anchor leg mooring with active tensioning (MAL), while that for the spar is a tension anchor leg (TAL) moor. The development and testing program required to provide design data and to validate performance predictions is described. Basic assumptions are made with regard to site characteristics, behavior of the SKSS and platform in the sea state, and characteristics of SKSS components. The test program is intended to provide the data necessary to confirm assumptions or to support design revisions. The testing program for the multiple anchor leg system is considered first, followed by the tension anchor leg program. Development and testing are recommended in the areas of materials, components and procedures which are beyond modest extrapolation of current ocean engineering practice. (WHK)

None

1979-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

234

Solar Pilot Plant Phase I, detailed design report: thermal storage subsystem research experiment. CDRL Item No. 8 (Approved)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Thermal Storage Subsystem Research Experiment is designed to give maximum information for evaluating the design, performance, and operating parameters of the Barstow Solar Pilot Plant. The experiment is summarized, and the experiment components detail design and integration are described. The experiment test and operation is described which is designed to collect engineering data to allow the design, performance, and operational characteristics to be specified for the Pilot Plant. Appended are: design documentation; pressure drop calculations; materials studies for thermal energy storage; flow charts for data acquisition and control; condenser detail design; instrumentation error analysis; logic diagrams for the control system; literature survey to evaluate the two-phase forced convection heat transfer; and the vaporizer performance model. (LEW)

Not Available

1976-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

235

Use of the ARM Measurement of Spectral Zenith Radiance For Better Understanding Of 3D Cloud-Radiation Processes and Aerosol-Cloud Interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our proposal focuses on cloud-radiation processes in a general 3D cloud situation, with particular emphasis on cloud optical depth and effective particle size. We also focus on zenith radiance measurements, both active and passive. The proposal has three main parts. Part One exploits the �¢����solar-background�¢��� mode of ARM lidars to allow them to retrieve cloud optical depth not just for thin clouds but for all clouds. This also enables the study of aerosol cloud interactions with a single instrument. Part Two exploits the large number of new wavelengths offered by ARM�¢����s zenith-pointing ShortWave Spectrometer (SWS), especially during CLASIC, to develop better retrievals not only of cloud optical depth but also of cloud particle size. We also propose to take advantage of the SWS�¢���� 1 Hz sampling to study the �¢����twilight zone�¢��� around clouds where strong aerosol-cloud interactions are taking place. Part Three involves continuing our cloud optical depth and cloud fraction retrieval research with ARM�¢����s 2NFOV instrument by, first, analyzing its data from the AMF-COPS/CLOWD deployment, and second, making our algorithms part of ARM�¢����s operational data processing.

D. Jui-Yuan Chiu

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

236

Atmospheric Longwave Irradiance Uncertainty: Pyrgeometers Compared to an Absolute Sky-Scanning Radiometer, Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer, and Radiative Transfer Model Calculations  

SciTech Connect

Because atmospheric longwave radiation is one of the most fundamental elements of an expected climate change, there has been a strong interest in improving measurements and model calculations in recent years. Important questions are how reliable and consistent are atmospheric longwave radiation measurements and calculations and what are the uncertainties? The First International Pyrgeometer and Absolute Sky-scanning Radiometer Comparison, which was held at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program's Souther Great Plains site in Oklahoma, answers these questions at least for midlatitude summer conditions and reflects the state of the art for atmospheric longwave radiation measurements and calculations. The 15 participating pyrgeometers were all calibration-traced standard instruments chosen from a broad international community. Two new chopped pyrgeometers also took part in the comparison. And absolute sky-scanning radiometer (ASR), which includes a pyroelectric detector and a reference blackbody source, was used for the first time as a reference standard instrument to field calibrate pyrgeometers during clear-sky nighttime measurements. Owner-provided and uniformly determined blackbody calibration factors were compared. Remarkable improvements and higher pyrgeometer precision were achieved with field calibration factors. Results of nighttime and daytime pyrgeometer precision and absolute uncertainty are presented for eight consecutive days of measurements, during which period downward longwave irradiance varied between 260 and 420 W m-2. Comparisons between pyrgeometers and the absolute ASR, the atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer, and radiative transfer models LBLRTM and MODTRAN show a surprisingly good agreement of <2 W m-2 for nighttime atmospheric longwave irradiance measurements and calculations.

Philipona, J. R.; Dutton, Ellsworth G.; Stoffel, T.; Michalsky, Joseph J.; Reda, I.; Stifter, Armin; Wendling, Peter; Wood, Norm; Clough, Shepard A.; Mlawer, Eli J.; Anderson, Gail; Revercomb, Henry E.; Shippert, Timothy R.

2001-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

237

The twin bilinear diffie-Hellman inversion problem and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new computational problem and call it the twin bilinear Diffie-Hellman inversion (BDHI) problem. Inspired by the technique proposed by Cash, Kiltz and Shoup, we have developed a new trapdoor test which enables us to prove that the twin BDHI ... Keywords: bilinear diffie-Hellman inversion problem, identity-based encryption, identity-based key encapsulation, trapdoor test, twin bilinear diffie-Hellman inversion problem

Yu Chen; Liqun Chen

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Analysis of boiling experiment using inverse modeling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Numerical predictions of geothermal reservoir behavior strongly depend on the assumed steam-water relative permeabilities, which are difficult and time-consuming to measure in the laboratory. This paper describes the esti- mation of the parameters of the relative per- meability and capillary pressure functions by automatically matching simulation results to data from a transient boiling experiment performed on a Berea sandstone. A sensitivity analysis reveals the strong dependence of the observed system behavior on effects such as heat transfer from the heater to the core, as well as heat losses through the insulation. Parameters of three conceptual models were estimated by inverse modeling. Each calibra- tion yields consistent effective steam perme- abilities, but the shape of the liquid relative permeability remains ambiguous.

Finsterle, S.; Guerrero, M.; Satik, C.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

240

Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretat...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation of Thermal Infrared Satellite Images Used in Geothermal Exploration Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Efficient Low-Lift Cooling with Radiant Distribution, Thermal Storage and Variable-Speed Chiller Controls Part I: Component and Subsystem Models  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

this paper develops component and subsystem models used to evaluat4e the performance of a low-lift cooling system with an air-colled chiller optimized for variable-speed and low-pressure-ratio operation, a hydronic radient distribution system, variable-speed transport miotor controls, and peak-shifting controls.

Armstrong, Peter; Jiang, Wei; Winiarski, David W.; Katipamula, Srinivas; Norford, L. K.; Willingham, ryan

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

242

Joint inversion of AVA data for elastic parameters by bootstrapping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A joint inversion method is developed to estimate the elastic constants of two elastic, homogeneous, isotropic media separated by a flat horizontal boundary. The method jointly uses P and S-converted wave reflection amplitude-versus-angle (AVA) data ... Keywords: AVA, Bootstrapping, Elastic parameters, Joint inversion, Zoeppritz equations

Hülya Kurt

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Parallel implementation of stochastic inversion of seismic tomography data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper parallel implementation of stochastic inversion of seismic tomography data was presented. Classical approach to travel time tomography assumes straight line of seismic rays between sources and receives points and isotropy of geological ... Keywords: inverse problem, master-slave paradigm, seismic anisotropy, seismic tomography

Maciej Dwornik; Anna Pi?ta

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Distribution et association des inversions chromosomiques dans trois populations naturelles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, one on each of the major autosome arms, are cosmopolitan. The Tunisian popu- lation shows the greatest distribution of cosmopolitan inversions between individuals of the French population is observed in the Tunisian lines. Linkage disequilibrium exists between pair of cosmopolitan inversions of the #12;second

Recanati, Catherine

245

Parallel algorithms for solution of air pollution inverse problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Parallelization of Marchuk's method for solution of inverse problems based on adjoint equations and dual representation of contaminant concentration functional is considered here. There are N individual adjoint equations independently solved at each ... Keywords: air pollution, domain decomposition, functional decomposition, inverse problems, parallel algorithms

Alexander Starchenko; Elena Panasenko

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Inverse Modelling of the Kawerau Geothermal Reservoir, NZ  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper we describe an existing model of the Kawerau geothermal field and attempts to improve this model using inverse modeling techniques. A match of model results to natural state temperatures and pressures at three reference depths are presented. These are used to form and ''objective function'' to be minimized by inverse modeling.

White, S.P.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Inverse problem of time-dependent heat sources numerical reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: This work studies the inverse problem of reconstructing a time-dependent heat source in the heat conduction equation using the temperature measurement specified at an internal point. Problems of this type have important applications in several ... Keywords: 35R30, 49J20, Green function, Heat source, Inverse problem, Landweber iteration, Numerical results

Liu Yang; Mehdi Dehghan; Jian-Ning Yu; Guan-Wei Luo

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Advanced algorithms for coupled and inverse problems in electrical engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents some theoretical and numerical problems that arise in the analysis of coupled electromagnetic-thermal problems, and inverse problems in electromagnetic devices. The principal objective of the paper is to describe some computational ... Keywords: coupled fields, finite element method, inverse problems

Ion Cârstea

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Aerosol Size Distributions from Genetic Inversion of Polar Nephelometer Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that genetic inversions can be used to recover lognormal aerosol size distributions from multiangle optical scattering cross-section data measured by a polar nephelometer at a wavelength of 0.532 ?m. The inversions can also be used to ...

B. R. Lienert; J. N. Porter; S. K. Sharma

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Authors Bill Foxall and D. W. Vasco Published Journal Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2008 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Citation Bill Foxall,D. W. Vasco. 2008. Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie

251

Linearized Functional Minimization for Inverse Modeling  

SciTech Connect

Heterogeneous aquifers typically consist of multiple lithofacies, whose spatial arrangement significantly affects flow and transport. The estimation of these lithofacies is complicated by the scarcity of data and by the lack of a clear correlation between identifiable geologic indicators and attributes. We introduce a new inverse-modeling approach to estimate both the spatial extent of hydrofacies and their properties from sparse measurements of hydraulic conductivity and hydraulic head. Our approach is to minimize a functional defined on the vectors of values of hydraulic conductivity and hydraulic head fields defined on regular grids at a user-determined resolution. This functional is constructed to (i) enforce the relationship between conductivity and heads provided by the groundwater flow equation, (ii) penalize deviations of the reconstructed fields from measurements where they are available, and (iii) penalize reconstructed fields that are not piece-wise smooth. We develop an iterative solver for this functional that exploits a local linearization of the mapping from conductivity to head. This approach provides a computationally efficient algorithm that rapidly converges to a solution. A series of numerical experiments demonstrates the robustness of our approach.

Wohlberg, Brendt [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tartakovsky, Daniel M. [University of California, San Diego; Dentz, Marco [Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Barcelona, Spain

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

252

Heat recovery subsystem and overall system integration of fuel cell on-site integrated energy systems. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project was to determine the best HVAC (heating, ventilating and air conditioning) subsystem to interface with the Engelhard fuel cell system for application in commercial buildings. To accomplish this objective, the effects of several system and site specific parameters on the economic feasibility of fuel cell/HVAC systems were investigated. The fuel cell system provides electricity for an electric water chiller and for domestic electric needs. Supplemental electricity is purchased from the utility if needed. An excess of electricity generated by the fuel cell system can be sold to the utility. The fuel cell system also provides thermal energy which can be used for absorption cooling, space heating and domestic hot water. Thermal storage can be incorporated into the system. Thermal energy is also provided by an auxiliary boiler if needed to supplement the fuel cell system output. Fuel cell/HVAC systems were analyzed with the TRACE computer program. TRACE is an energy and economic analysis program that has been developed by The Trane Company. Results are detailed. (WHK)

Mougin, L.J.

1983-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

New inversion methods for the Lorentz Integral Transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lorentz Integral Transform approach allows microscopic calculations of electromagnetic reaction cross sections without explicit knowledge of final state wave functions. The necessary inversion of the transform has to be treated with great care, since it constitutes a so-called ill-posed problem. In this work new inversion techniques for the Lorentz Integral Transform are introduced. It is shown that they all contain a regularization scheme, which is necessary to overcome the ill-posed problem. In addition it is illustrated that the new techniques have a much broader range of application than the present standard inversion method of the Lorentz Integral Transform.

Diego Andreasi; Winfried Leidemann; Christoph Reiss; Michael Schwamb

2005-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

254

A simulation tool for the study of symmetric inversions in bacterial genomes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the tool SIB that simulates genomic inversions in bacterial chromosomes. The tool simulates symmetric inversions but allows the appearance of nonsymmetric inversions by simulating small syntenic blocks frequently observed on bacterial genome ...

Ulisses Dias; Zanoni Dias; Joăo C. Setubal

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Calibration of Radiances from Space  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors compare the performance of broadband radiometers with spectrally dispersed measurements. Spectrally dispersed radiometers may be more accurately calibrated than is possible with broadband filter instruments. They also have a larger ...

Richard Goody; Robert Haskins

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Central receiver solar thermal power system, Phase 1. CRDL Item 2. Pilot plant preliminary design report. Volume III, Book 2. Collector subsystem  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The methods and plans for the manufacture of the 10-MW collector heliostats and associated controls for the pilot plant are detailed. An in-depth description of the production, installation, and verification testing of heliostats for the pilot plant is presented. Specifications for the performance, design, and test requirements for the pilot plant collector subsystem are included. Also, a heliostat location summary report is given. (WHK)

Hallet, Jr., R. W.; Gervais, R. L.

1977-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Central Receiver Solar Thermal Power System, Phase 1. CDRL Item 2. Pilot Plant preliminary design report. Volume III, Book 1. Collector subsystem  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The central receiver system consists of a field of heliostats, a central receiver, a thermal storage unit, an electrical power generation system, and balance of plant. This volume discusses the collector field geometry, requirements and configuration. The development of the collector system and subsystems are discussed and the selection rationale outlined. System safety and availability are covered. Finally, the plans for collector portion of the central receiver system are reviewed.

Hallet, Jr., R. W.; Gervais, R. L.

1977-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project: Exxon Research and Engineering. System design final report. Volume 3. Appendices pilot plan and design details and subsystem direct cost support  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Details of the design of a water desalination solar pilot plant in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia are presented. The major subsystems of the plant are defined, including solar energy collection and simulation, energy storage, energy delivery, reverse osmosis/multiple effect distillation, water storage, waste disposal, backup power generators, controls and instrumentation data acquisition, facilities and enclosures, and computers. A list of the plant equipment and a set of process flow diagrams are provided. A cost analysis of the pilot plant is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

On the inverse problem of entropy maximizations (Corresp.)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inverse isoperimetric problem of the entropy functional is considered in this Correspondence. This problem can be stated as follows: Given a known probability density function (pdf), what prior constraints are needed in order for this pdf to be the ...

J. Noonan; N. Tzannes; T. Costello

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Modeling and inversion of self-potential data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation presents data processing techniques relevant to the acquisition, modeling, and inversion of self-potential data. The primary goal is to facilitate the interpretation of self-potentials in terms of the ...

Minsley, Burke J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Inversion Breakup in Small Rocky Mountain and Alpine Basins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Comparisons are made between the postsunrise breakup of temperature inversions in two similar closed basins in very different climate settings, one in the eastern Alps and one in the Rocky Mountains. The small, high-altitude, limestone sinkholes ...

C. David Whiteman; Bernhard Pospichal; Stefan Eisenbach; Philipp Weihs; Craig B. Clements; Reinhold Steinacker; Erich Mursch-Radlgruber; Manfred Dorninger

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Inversion of Marine Radar Images for Surface Wave Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method to estimate sea surface elevation maps from marine radar image sequences is presented. This method is the extension of an existing inverse modeling technique to derive wave spectra from marine radar images, which assumes linear wave ...

JoséC. Nieto Borge; Germán RodrÍguez RodrÍguez; Katrin Hessner; Paloma Izquierdo González

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Global Datasets of Rooting Zone Depth Inferred from Inverse Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two inverse methods are applied to a land surface model to infer global patterns of the hydrologically active depth of the vegetation's rooting zone. The first method is based on the assumption that vegetation is optimally adapted to its ...

Axel Kleidon

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Integrated Forward Simulation and Inverse Design of Materials - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 18, 2007 ... Topic Title: Webcast: Integrated Forward Simulation and Inverse Design of ... Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Computational ... (Materials Computation and Simulation Environment) project at PSU and the ...

265

Simulations of Trade Wind Cumuli under a Strong Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fifth intercomparison of the Global Water and Energy Experiment Cloud System Studies Working Group 1 is used as a vehicle for better understanding the dynamics of trade wind cumuli capped by a strong inversion. The basis of the ...

Bjorn Stevens; Andrew S. Ackerman; Bruce A. Albrecht; Andrew R. Brown; Andreas Chlond; Joan Cuxart; Peter G. Duynkerke; David C. Lewellen; Malcolm K. Macvean; Roel A. J. Neggers; Enrique Sánchez; A. Pier Siebesma; David E. Stevens

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Row-Action Inversion of the Barrick–Weber Equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Barrick–Weber equations describe the interaction of radar signals with the dynamic ocean surface, and so provide a mathematical basis for oceanic remote sensing. This report considers the inversion of these equations with several of the row-...

J. J. Green; L. R. Wyatt

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

A Bernoulli Inverse Method for Determining the Ocean Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new inverse method for finding the large-scale ocean circulation is described. Unlike most previous methods it uses no horizontal gradient information, and is designed for widely spaced data. The method assumes that density, (linear) potential ...

Peter D. Killworth

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Forecasting Pacific SSTs: Linear Inverse Model Predictions of the PDO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linear inverse model (LIM) is used to predict Pacific (30°S–60°N) sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTAs), including the Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO). The LIM is derived from the observed simultaneous and lagged covariance statistics of ...

Michael A. Alexander; Ludmila Matrosova; Cécile Penland; James D. Scott; Ping Chang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Dynamical Adjustment of the Trade Wind Inversion Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In schematic north–south cross sections the trade inversion layer is often depicted as sloping upward as air flows toward the intertropical convergence zone. This conceptual view is consistent with purely thermodynamic boundary-layer models, ...

Wayne H. Schubert; Paul E. Ciesielski; Chungu Lu; Richard H. Johnson

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

A Particle Filter for Inverse Lagrangian Prediction Problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present a numerical method for the inverse Lagrangian prediction problem, which addresses retrospective estimation of drifter trajectories through a turbulent flow, given their final positions and some knowledge of the flow field. Of ...

T. Mike Chin; Arthur J. Mariano

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Forward and inverse metabolic engineering strategies for improving polyhydroxybyrate production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forward metabolic engineering (FME) is a rational approach to cellular engineering, relying on an understanding of the entire metabolic network to direct perturbations for phenotype improvement. Conversely, inverse metabolic ...

Tyo, Keith E. J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Inverse Optimization: An Application to the Capacitated Plant Location Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inverse optimization refers to the fact that each time a Lagrangean derived from a given mathematical programming problem is solved, it produces an optimal solution to some problem with a different right hand side. This ...

Bitran, Gabriel R.

273

The Inverse Ocean Modeling System. Part I: Implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Inverse Ocean Modeling (IOM) system constructs and runs weak-constraint, four-dimensional variational data assimilation (W4DVAR) for any dynamical model and any observing array. The dynamics and the observing algorithms may be nonlinear but ...

A. F. Bennett; B. S. Chua; B. L. Pflaum; M. Erwig; Z. Fu; R. D. Loft; J. C. Muccino

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Bayesian inverse problems with Monte Carlo forward models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The full application of Bayesian inference to inverse problems requires exploration of a posterior distribution that typically does not possess a standard form. In this context, Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods are ...

Bal, Guillaume

275

The Inverse Ocean Modeling System. Part II: Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Inverse Ocean Modeling (IOM) System is a modular system for constructing and running weak-constraint four-dimensional variational data assimilation (W4DVAR) for any linear or nonlinear functionally smooth dynamical model and observing array. ...

J. C. Muccino; H. Luo; H. G. Arango; D. Haidvogel; J. C. Levin; A. F. Bennett; B. S. Chua; G. D. Egbert; B. D. Cornuelle; A. J. Miller; E. Di Lorenzo; A. M. Moore; E. D. Zaron

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Central receiver solar thermal power system, Phase 1. CDRL Item 2. Pilot plant preliminary design report. Volume IV. Receiver subsystem. [10-MW Pilot Plant and 100-MW Commercial Plant  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The conception, design, and testing of the receiver subsystem proposed by the McDonnell Douglas/Rocketdyne Receiver team for the DOE 10-MW Pilot Plant and the 100-MW Commercial Plant are described. The receiver subsystem consists of the receiver unit, the tower on which the receiver unit is mounted above the collector field, and the supporting control and instrumentation equipment. The plans for implementation of the Pilot Plant are given including the anticipated schedule and production plan (procurement, installation, checkout, and maintenance). Specifications for the performance, design, and test requirements for the Pilot Plant receiver subsystem are included. (WHK)

Hallet, Jr., R. W.; Gervais, R. L.

1977-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Delivery Massager: A tool for propagating seismic inversion information into reservoir models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a new open-source program for transforming inversion data from the open-source Delivery seismic inversion software to industry-standard cornerpoint grid formats suitable for reservoir modelling and flow simulations. The seismic inversion ... Keywords: Bayesian, Cornerpoint grid, Downscaling, Geostatistics, Inversion, Open-source, Seismic, Shared earth model, Stochastic

James Gunning; Michael E. Glinsky; Chris White

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

A Target-Oriented Magnetotelluric Inversion Approach For Characterizing The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Target-Oriented Magnetotelluric Inversion Approach For Characterizing The Target-Oriented Magnetotelluric Inversion Approach For Characterizing The Low Enthalpy Gross Schonebeck Geothermal Reservoir Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Target-Oriented Magnetotelluric Inversion Approach For Characterizing The Low Enthalpy Gross Schonebeck Geothermal Reservoir Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Electrical conductivity is a key parameter for the exploration and characterization of geothermal reservoirs as hot mineralized formation water of active geothermal areas usually exhibits significantly higher conductivity than the surrounding host rock. Here we present results of a magnetotelluric (MT) exploration experiment carried out in the vicinity of the Gross Schonebeck geothermal test site in Northern Germany, where a

279

Development of inverse modeling techniques for geothermal applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have developed inverse modeling capabilities for the non-isothermal, multiphase, multicomponent numerical simulator TOUGH2 to facilitate automatic history matching and parameter estimation based on data obtained during testing and exploitation of geothermal fields. The TOUGH2 code allows one to estimate TOUGH2 input parameters based on any type of observation for which a corresponding simulation output can be calculated. In addition, a detailed residual and error analysis is performed, and the uncertainty of model predictions can be evaluated. One of the advantages of inverse modeling is that it overcomes the time and labor intensive tedium of trial- and error model calibration. Furthermore, the estimated parameters refer directly to the numerical model used for the subsequent predictions and optimization studies. This paper describes the methodology of inverse modeling and demonstrates an application of the method to data from a synthetic geothermal reservoir. We also illustrate its use for the optimization of fluid reinjection into a partly depleted reservoir.

Finsterle, S.; Pruess, K.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Reco level Smin and subsystem Smin: improved global inclusive variables for measuring the new physics mass scale in MET events at hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect

The variable {radical}s{sub min} was originally proposed in [1] as a model-independent, global and fully inclusive measure of the new physics mass scale in missing energy events at hadron colliders. In the original incarnation of {radical}s{sub min}, however, the connection to the new physics mass scale was blurred by the effects of the underlying event, most notably initial state radiation and multiple parton interactions. In this paper we advertize two improved variants of the {radical}s{sub min} variable, which overcome this problem. First we show that by evaluating the {radical}s{sub min} variable at the RECO level, in terms of the reconstructed objects in the event, the effects from the underlying event are significantly diminished and the nice correlation between the peak in the {radical}s{sub min}{sup (reco)} distribution and the new physics mass scale is restored. Secondly, the underlying event problem can be avoided altogether when the {radical}s{sub min} concept is applied to a subsystem of the event which does not involve any QCD jets. We supply an analytic formula for the resulting subsystem {radical}s{sub min}{sup (sub)} variable and show that its peak exhibits the usual correlation with the mass scale of the particles produced in the subsystem. Finally, we contrast {radical}s{sub min} to other popular inclusive variables such as H{sub T}, M{sub Tgen} and M{sub TTgen}. We illustrate our discussion with several examples from supersymmetry, and with dilepton events from top quark pair production.

Konar, Partha; /Florida U.; Kong, Kyoungchul; /SLAC; Matchev, Konstantin T.; Park, Myeonghun; /Florida U.

2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Stochastic spectral methods for efficient Bayesian solution of inverse problems  

SciTech Connect

We present a reformulation of the Bayesian approach to inverse problems, that seeks to accelerate Bayesian inference by using polynomial chaos (PC) expansions to represent random variables. Evaluation of integrals over the unknown parameter space is recast, more efficiently, as Monte Carlo sampling of the random variables underlying the PC expansion. We evaluate the utility of this technique on a transient diffusion problem arising in contaminant source inversion. The accuracy of posterior estimates is examined with respect to the order of the PC representation, the choice of PC basis, and the decomposition of the support of the prior. The computational cost of the new scheme shows significant gains over direct sampling.

Marzouk, Youssef M. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States)]. E-mail: ymarz@alum.mit.edu; Najm, Habib N. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States)]. E-mail: hnnajm@sandia.gov; Rahn, Larry A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States)]. E-mail: rahn@sandia.gov

2007-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

282

Stochastic spectral methods for efficient Bayesian solution of inverse problems.  

SciTech Connect

We present a reformulation of the Bayesian approach to inverse problems, that seeks to accelerate Bayesian inference by using polynomial chaos (PC) expansions to represent random variables. Evaluation of integrals over the unknown parameter space is recast, more efficiently, as Monte Carlo sampling of the random variables underlying the PC expansion. We evaluate the utility of this technique on a transient diffusion problem arising in contaminant source inversion. The accuracy of posterior estimates is examined with respect to the order of the PC representation, the choice of PC basis, and the decomposition of the support of the prior. The computational cost of the new scheme shows significant gains over direct sampling.

Marzouk, Youssef M.; Najm, Habib N.; Rahn, Larry A.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Receiver subsystem analysis report (RADL Item 4-1). 10-MWe Solar Thermal Central-Receiver Pilot Plant: solar-facilities design integration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results are presented of those thermal hydraulic, structural, and stress analyses required to demonstrate that the Receiver design for the Barstow Solar Pilot Plant will satisfy the general design and performance requirements during the plant's design life. Recommendations resulting from those analyses and supporting test programs are presented regarding operation of the receiver. The analyses are limited to receiver subsystem major structural parts (primary tower, receiver unit core support structure), pressure parts (absorber panels, feedwater, condensate and steam piping/components, flash tank, and steam mainfold) and shielding. (LEW)

Not Available

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

3D porosity prediction from seismic inversion and neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we address the problem of transforming seismic reflection data into an intrinsic rock property model. Specifically, we present an application of a methodology that allows interpreters to obtain effective porosity 3D maps from post-stack ... Keywords: Feed-forward neural network, Matlab, Reservoir characterization, Seismic inversion

Emilson Pereira Leite; Alexandre Campane Vidal

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Inversion of Newberry Volcano high-resolution traveltime residuals  

SciTech Connect

Inversion of the 1984 traveltime data from the array at Newberry Crater was accomplished using a variant of the method presented by Aki and others (1973). Five-hundred-sixty-five traveltime observations for Pg and a deeper reflection, weighted by their variance estimates, were included in the inversion. Azimuths from receiver-to-source range from 80 to 280. The initial-velocity model for the inversion has four layers. The top layer, starting at the surface and extending to an elevation of 1300 meters above sea level, had a P-velocity of 2.5 km/s. There are three layers below this one, each 1500-m thick, with P-velocities of 4.0, 4.6, and 5.2 km/s. The predominant feature in the inversion result in the upper two layers (surface to 200-m below sea level), is the ring of high velocities coincident with the caldera ring-fracture system. This high-velocity ring is up to 11% faster than the average for these two layers. In these layers velocities are a few percent slower than average in the center of the caldera and range from 5 to 10% slower outside the caldera to the south, east, and north. In the third layer (-200 to 1700 m elevation), the magnitude of the high-velocity anomaly around the ring-fracture system is reduced, but the bin in the center of the caldera is nearly 9% slower than the layer average.

Stauber, D.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Ph.D.Thesis Binary inversion of gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ph.D.Thesis Binary inversion of gravity data for salt imaging Richard A. Krahenbuhl Center for Gravity, Electrical & Magnetic Studies Colorado School of Mines Department of Geophysics Colorado School of gravity data for salt imaging Richard A. Krahenbuhl Center for Gravity, Electrical & Magnetic Studies

287

Adaptive and reverse adaptive responses for chromosomal inversions...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a response which can protect from inversion induction within four hours of high dose irradiation. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0.01 1 1000 1000+0.01 1000+1 Dose (mGy) M e a n in v e r s io n fr...

288

Intelligent seismic inversion workflow for high-resolution reservoir characterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developing a geological model is the first and a very important step during the reservoir simulation and modeling process. The geological model usually represents our best interpretation of the reservoir characteristics that extends beyond the well where ... Keywords: Buffalo Valley Field, Neural networks, Reservoir characterization, Seismic inversion

E. Artun; S. Mohaghegh

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Refactoring Composite to Visitor and Inverse Transformation in Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe how to use refactoring tools to transform a Java program conforming to the Composite design pattern into a program conforming to the Visitor design pattern with the same external behavior. We also describe the inverse transformation. We use the refactoring tools provided by IntelliJ IDEA and Eclipse.

Ajouli, Akram

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Molecular pulses: Population inversion with positively chirped short pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular pulses: Population inversion with positively chirped short pulses Jianshu Cao of molecular systems can be achieved with intense positively chirped broadband laser pulses. To provide and a four-level model is designed to demonstrate for molecular systems the correlation between the sign

Cao, Jianshu

291

Move-to-Front, Distance Coding, and Inversion Frequencies revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Move-to-Front, Distance Coding and Inversion Frequencies are three simple and effective techniques used to process the output of the Burrows-Wheeler Transform. In this paper we provide the first complete comparative analyses of these techniques, establishing ... Keywords: Burrows-Wheeler Transform, Data Compression, Empirical entropy

Travis Gagie; Giovanni Manzini

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

On a class of inverse electrostatic and elasticity problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the inverse electrostatic and elasticity problems associated with Poisson and Navier equations. The uniqueness of solutions of these problems is proved for piecewise constant electric charge and internal stress distributions having a checkered structure: they are constant on rectangular blocks. Such distributions appear naturally in practical applications. We also discuss computational challenges arising in the numerical implementation of our method.

Andrei Artemev; Leonid Parnovski; Iosif Polterovich

2012-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

293

DYNAMIC INVERSE PROBLEM IN A WEAKLY LATERALLY INHOMOGENEOUS MEDIUM.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the earth's crust which contain gas, oil or other minerals as well as determination of their physical costs and outcomes in exploitation. In practice, in e.g. oil exploration and seismology this inverse applications, a pure layered structure occurs rare. However, in many cases in seismology and oil exploration

294

Sensitivity study on hydraulic well testing inversion using simulated annealing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For environmental remediation, management of nuclear waste disposal, or geothermal reservoir engineering, it is very important to evaluate the permeabilities, spacing, and sizes of the subsurface fractures which control ground water flow. Cluster variable aperture (CVA) simulated annealing has been used as an inversion technique to construct fluid flow models of fractured formations based on transient pressure data from hydraulic tests. A two-dimensional fracture network system is represented as a filled regular lattice of fracture elements. The algorithm iteratively changes an aperture of cluster of fracture elements, which are chosen randomly from a list of discrete apertures, to improve the match to observed pressure transients. The size of the clusters is held constant throughout the iterations. Sensitivity studies using simple fracture models with eight wells show that, in general, it is necessary to conduct interference tests using at least three different wells as pumping well in order to reconstruct the fracture network with a transmissivity contrast of one order of magnitude, particularly when the cluster size is not known a priori. Because hydraulic inversion is inherently non-unique, it is important to utilize additional information. The authors investigated the relationship between the scale of heterogeneity and the optimum cluster size (and its shape) to enhance the reliability and convergence of the inversion. It appears that the cluster size corresponding to about 20--40 % of the practical range of the spatial correlation is optimal. Inversion results of the Raymond test site data are also presented and the practical range of spatial correlation is evaluated to be about 5--10 m from the optimal cluster size in the inversion.

Nakao, Shinsuke; Najita, J.; Karasaki, Kenzi

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Effects of Inversion Height and Surface Heat Flux on Downslope Windstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulations are presented focusing on the role of temperature inversions in controlling the formation and strength of downslope wind storms. Three mechanisms are examined depending on the relative height of the inversion with respect to the ...

Craig M. Smith; Eric D. Skyllingstad

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Skill in an Inversion Solution: CONVEX-91 Hydrographic Results Compared with ADCP Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates skill in simple linear inversion solutions in two ways: first, qualitatively, by showing that the inversion method can put in place a known feature of the deep circulation of the study region when initialized with ...

Sheldon Bacon

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Analysis of the Impact of Model Nonlinearities in Inverse Problem Solving  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the relationship between nonlinear model properties and inverse problem solutions is analyzed using a numerical technique based on the inverse problem theory formulated by Mosegaard and Tarantola. According to this theory, the ...

T. Vukicevic; D. Posselt

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Parameterization of Inversion Breakup in Idealized Valleys. Part II: Thermodynamic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple thermodynamic parameterization based on a modified version of the Whiteman and McKee inversion destruction model is presented to simulate the evolution of vertical temperature structure during the inversion breakup period in idealized ...

N. M. Zoumakis; G. A. Efstathiou

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Data Assimilation and Inverse Methods in Terms of a Probabilistic Formulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The weak constraint inverse for nonlinear dynamical models is discussed and derived in term of a probabilistic formulation. The well-known result that for Gaussian error statistics the minimum of the weak constraint inverse is equal to the ...

Peter Jan van Leeuwen; Geir Evensen

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Parameterization of Inversion Breakup in Idealized Valleys. Part I: The Adjustable Model Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The factors that affect the atmospheric energy budget approach used in the thermodynamic valley inversion destruction model of Whiteman and McKee are investigated theoretically. The height at which the sinking inversion top meets the rising ...

N. M. Zoumakis; G. A. Efstathiou

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Application of inverse modeling to geothermal reservoir simulation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The authors have developed inverse modeling capabilities for the non-isothermal, multiphase, multicomponent numerical simulator TOUGH2 to facilitate automatic history matching and parameter estimation based on data obtained during testing and exploitation of geothermal fields.The ITOUGH2 code allows one to estimate TOUGH2 input parameters based on any type of observation for which a corresponding simulation output can be calculated. Furthermore, a detailed residual and error analysis is performed, and the uncertainty of model predictions can be evaluated. Automatic history matching using ITOUGH2 is robust and efficient so that model parameters affecting geothermal field performance can reliably be estimated based on a variety of field measurements such as pressures, temperatures, flow rates, and enthalpies. The paper describes the methodology of inverse modeling and provides a detailed discussion of sample problems to demonstrate the application of the method to data from geothermal reservoirs.

Finsterle, S.; Pruess, K. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Earth Sciences Div.; Bullivant, D.P.; O`Sullivan, M.J. [Univ. of Auckland (New Zealand). Dept. of Engineering Science

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Radiative inverse seesaw neutrino mass and dark matter  

SciTech Connect

Seesaw mechanism provides a natural explanation of light neutrino masses through suppression of heavy seesaw scale. In inverse seesaw models the seesaw scale can be much lower than that in the usual seesaw models. If terms inducing seesaw masses are further induced by loop corrections, the seesaw scale can be lowered to be in the range probed by experiments at the LHC without fine tuning. This talk, presented by X-G He, discuss models constructed in a recent preprint by us (arxiv:201207.6308) in which neutrino masses are generated at two loop level through inverse seesaw mechanism. These models also naturally have dark matter candidates. Although the recent data from Xenon100 put stringent constraint on the models, they can be consistent with data on neutrino masses, mixing, dark matter relic density and direct detection.

Guo Gang [INPAC, Department of Physics and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai (China); He Xiaogang [INPAC, Department of Physics and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai (China) and Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, and NCTS, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Li Guannan [INPAC, Department of Physics and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Taiwan (China)

2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

303

Inverse variational problem for non-standard Lagrangians  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The non-standard Lagrangians (NSLs) for dissipative-like dynamical systems were introduced in an ad hoc fashion rather than being derived from the solution of the inverse problem of variational calculus. We begin with the first integral of the equation of motion and solve the associated inverse problem to obtain some of the existing results for NSLs. In addition, we provide a number of alternative Lagrangian representations. The case studies envisaged by us include (i) the usual modified Emden-type equation, (ii) Emden-type equation with dissipative term quadratic in velocity and (iii) Lokta-Volterra model. We point out that our method is quite general for applications to other physical systems.

Aparna Saha; B Talukdar

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

304

The use of Bayesian inversion to resolve plasma equilibrium  

SciTech Connect

Recently, Bayesian probability theory has been used at a number of experiments to fold uncertainties and interdependencies in the diagnostic data and forward models, together with prior knowledge of the state of the plasma, to increase accuracy of inferred physics variables. A new probabilistic framework, MINERVA, based on Bayesian graphical models, has been used at JET and W7-AS to yield predictions of internal magnetic structure. A feature of the framework is the Bayesian inversion for poloidal magnetic flux without the need for an explicit equilibrium assumption. Building on this, we discuss results from a new project to develop Bayesian inversion tools that aim to (1) distinguish between competing equilibrium theories, which capture different physics, using the MAST spherical tokamak, and (2) test the predictions of MHD theory, particularly mode structure, using the H-1 Heliac. Specifically, we report on correction of the motional Stark effect, pickup coils, flux-loop constrained Bayesian inferred equilibrium for varying toroidal flux.

Hole, M. J.; Nessi, G. von; Pretty, D.; Howard, J.; Blackwell, B. [Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, ACT 0200 (Australia); Svensson, J. [Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Teilinstitut Greifswald D17491 (Germany); Appel, L. C. [Euratom/CCFE, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX143DB (United Kingdom)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Simulated synchrotron and Inverse Compton emission from Pulsar Wind Nebulae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a complete set of diagnostic tools aimed at reproducing synthetic non-thermal (synchrotron and/or Inverse Compton, IC) emissivity, integrated flux energy, polarization and spectral index simulated maps in comparison to observations. The time dependent relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (RMHD) equations are solved with a shock capturing code together with the evolution of the maximum particles energy. Applications to Pulsar Wind Nebulae (PWNe) are shown.

Volpi, Delia; Amato, Elena; Bucciantini, Niccolo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

The Inverse Problem of Remote Neutrino Diagnostics of Intrareactor Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the well-known experimental data the inverse problem of neutrino diagnostics of reactor core is considered. The solution of this problem makes it possible to determine distantly the current value of nuclear density of each nuclear fuel components with known accuracy and also opens up the possibility for the development of neutrino online technology of temporal evolution of nuclear fuel isotopic structure and reactor power.

V. D. Rusov; T. N. Zelentsova; V. A. Tarasov; D. A. Litvinov

2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

307

Three-dimensional induced polarization data inversion for complex resistivity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The conductive and capacitive material properties of the subsurface can be quantified through the frequency-dependent complex resistivity. However, the routine three-dimensional (3D) interpretation of voluminous induced polarization (IP) data sets still poses a challenge due to large computational demands and solution nonuniqueness. We have developed a flexible methodology for 3D (spectral) IP data inversion. Our inversion algorithm is adapted from a frequency-domain electromagnetic (EM) inversion method primarily developed for large-scale hydrocarbon and geothermal energy exploration purposes. The method has proven to be efficient by implementing the nonlinear conjugate gradient method with hierarchical parallelism and by using an optimal finite-difference forward modeling mesh design scheme. The method allows for a large range of survey scales, providing a tool for both exploration and environmental applications. We experimented with an image focusing technique to improve the poor depth resolution of surface data sets with small survey spreads. The algorithm's underlying forward modeling operator properly accounts for EM coupling effects; thus, traditionally used EM coupling correction procedures are not needed. The methodology was applied to both synthetic and field data. We tested the benefit of directly inverting EM coupling contaminated data using a synthetic large-scale exploration data set. Afterward, we further tested the monitoring capability of our method by inverting time-lapse data from an environmental remediation experiment near Rifle, Colorado. Similar trends observed in both our solution and another 2D inversion were in accordance with previous findings about the IP effects due to subsurface microbial activity.

Commer, M.; Newman, G.A.; Williams, K.H.; Hubbard, S.S.

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Bayesian Uncertainty Quantification for Large Scale Spatial Inverse Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We considered a Bayesian approach to nonlinear inverse problems in which the unknown quantity is a high dimension spatial field. The Bayesian approach contains a natural mechanism for regularization in the form of prior information, can incorporate information from heterogeneous sources and provides a quantitative assessment of uncertainty in the inverse solution. The Bayesian setting casts the inverse solution as a posterior probability distribution over the model parameters. Karhunen-Lo'eve expansion and Discrete Cosine transform were used for dimension reduction of the random spatial field. Furthermore, we used a hierarchical Bayes model to inject multiscale data in the modeling framework. In this Bayesian framework, we have shown that this inverse problem is well-posed by proving that the posterior measure is Lipschitz continuous with respect to the data in total variation norm. The need for multiple evaluations of the forward model on a high dimension spatial field (e.g. in the context of MCMC) together with the high dimensionality of the posterior, results in many computation challenges. We developed two-stage reversible jump MCMC method which has the ability to screen the bad proposals in the first inexpensive stage. Channelized spatial fields were represented by facies boundaries and variogram-based spatial fields within each facies. Using level-set based approach, the shape of the channel boundaries was updated with dynamic data using a Bayesian hierarchical model where the number of points representing the channel boundaries is assumed to be unknown. Statistical emulators on a large scale spatial field were introduced to avoid the expensive likelihood calculation, which contains the forward simulator, at each iteration of the MCMC step. To build the emulator, the original spatial field was represented by a low dimensional parameterization using Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), then the Bayesian approach to multivariate adaptive regression spline (BMARS) was used to emulate the simulator. Various numerical results were presented by analyzing simulated as well as real data.

Mondal, Anirban

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Adaptive fuzzy model based inverse controller design using BB-BC optimization algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of inverse system model as a controller might be an efficient way in controlling non-linear systems. It is also a known fact that fuzzy logic modeling is a powerful tool in representing nonlinear systems. Therefore, inverse fuzzy model can be ... Keywords: Big Bang-Big Crunch optimization, Fuzzy logic controller, Fuzzy model inversion, Heat transfer process, Inverse model based control, pH process

Tufan Kumbasar; Ibrahim Eksin; Mujde Guzelkaya; Engin Yesil

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

A GPU-COMPUTING APPROACH TO SOLAR STOKES PROFILE INVERSION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new computational approach to the inversion of solar photospheric Stokes polarization profiles, under the Milne-Eddington model, for vector magnetography. Our code, named GENESIS, employs multi-threaded parallel-processing techniques to harness the computing power of graphics processing units (GPUs), along with algorithms designed to exploit the inherent parallelism of the Stokes inversion problem. Using a genetic algorithm (GA) engineered specifically for use with a GPU, we produce full-disk maps of the photospheric vector magnetic field from polarized spectral line observations recorded by the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) Vector Spectromagnetograph (VSM) instrument. We show the advantages of pairing a population-parallel GA with data-parallel GPU-computing techniques, and present an overview of the Stokes inversion problem, including a description of our adaptation to the GPU-computing paradigm. Full-disk vector magnetograms derived by this method are shown using SOLIS/VSM data observed on 2008 March 28 at 15:45 UT.

Harker, Brian J. [National Solar Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Mighell, Kenneth J., E-mail: bharker@nso.edu, E-mail: mighell@noao.edu [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

311

The application research of compound control based on the fuzzy neural network inverse method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Through the study of the boiler-turbine coordination and control network, this paper analysis the difficulties of the inverse system analytical method in practical use. A structure and learning method with close to the dynamic inverse system capacity ... Keywords: compound control, decoupling control instruction, inverse system, neural network

Qingli Wang; Yuanwei Jing; Lifu Wang; Zhi Kong

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Efficient scalable VLSI architecture for Montgomery inversion in GF(p)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multiplicative inversion operation is a fundamental computation in several cryptographic applications. In this work, we propose a scalable VLSI hardware to compute the Montgomery modular inverse in GF(p). We suggest a new correction phase ... Keywords: Montgomery inverse, elliptic curve cryptography, scalable hardware design

Adnan Abdul-Aziz Gutub; Alexandre Ferreira Tenca

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Inversion of Robin coefficient by a spectral stochastic finite element approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates a variational approach to the nonlinear stochastic inverse problem of probabilistically calibrating the Robin coefficient from boundary measurements for the steady-state heat conduction. The problem is formulated into an optimization ... Keywords: Conjugate gradient method, Robin inverse problem, Spectral stochastic finite element method, Stochastic inverse problems, Uncertainty quantification

Bangti Jin; Jun Zou

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Central receiver solar thermal power system, Phase 1. CDRL item 2. Pilot plant preliminary design report. Volume VI. Electrical power generation and master control subsystems and balance of plant  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The requirements, performance, and subsystem configuration for both the Commercial and Pilot Plant electrical power generation subsystems (EPGS) and balance of plants are presented. The EPGS for both the Commercial Plant and Pilot Plant make use of conventional, proven equipment consistent with good power plant design practices in order to minimize risk and maximize reliability. The basic EPGS cycle selected is a regenerative cycle that uses a single automatic admission, condensing, tandem-compound double-flow turbine. Specifications, performance data, drawings, and schematics are included. (WHK)

Hallet, Jr., R. W.; Gervais, R. L.

1977-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Mesozoic tectonic inversion in the Neuquen Basin of west-central Argentina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mesozoic tectonic inversion in the Neuquen Basin of west-central Argentina produced two main fault systems: (1) deep faults that affected basement and syn-rift strata where preexisting faults were selectively reactivated during inversion based on their length and (2) shallow faults that affected post-rift and syn-inversion strata. Normal faults formed at high angle to the reactivated half-graben bounding fault as a result of hangingwall expansion and internal deformation as it accommodated to the shape of the curved footwall during oblique inversion. Contraction during inversion was initially accommodated by folding and internal deformation of syn-rift sedimentary wedges, followed by displacement along half-graben bounding faults. We suspect that late during inversion the weight of the overburden inhibited additional fault displacement and folding became the shortening-accommodating mechanism. A Middle Jurassic inversion event produced synchronous uplift of inversion structures across the central Neuquen Basin. Later inversion events (during Late Jurassic, Early Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous time) produced an "inversion front" that advanced north of the Huincul Arch. Synchroneity of fault reactivation during the Callovian inversion event may be related to efficient stress transmission north of the Huincul Arch, probably due to easy reactivation of low-dip listric fault segments. This required little strain accumulation along "proximal" inversion structures before shortening was transferred to more distal structures. Later inversion events found harderto- reactivate fault segments, resulting in proximal structures undergoing significant inversion before transferring shortening. The time between the end of rifting and the different inversion events may have affected inversion. Lithosphere was probably thermally weakened at the onset of the initial Callovian inversion phase, allowing stress transmission over a large distance from the Huincul Arch and causing synchronous inversion across the basin. Later inversion affected a colder and more viscous lithosphere. Significant strain needed to accumulate along proximal inversion structures before shortening was transferred to more distal parts of the basin. Timing of inversion events along the central Neuquen Basin suggest a megaregional control by right-lateral displacement motion along the Gastre Fault Zone, an intracontinental megashear zone thought to have been active prior to and during the opening of the South Atlantic Ocean.

Grimaldi Castro, Gabriel Orlando

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Identifying Isotropic Events Using a Regional Moment Tensor Inversion  

SciTech Connect

We calculate the deviatoric and isotropic source components for 17 explosions at the Nevada Test Site, as well as 12 earthquakes and 3 collapses in the surrounding region of the western US, using a regional time-domain full waveform inversion for the complete moment tensor. The events separate into specific populations according to their deviation from a pure double-couple and ratio of isotropic to deviatoric energy. The separation allows for anomalous event identification and discrimination between explosions, earthquakes, and collapses. Confidence regions of the model parameters are estimated from the data misfit by assuming normally distributed parameter values. We investigate the sensitivity of the resolved parameters of an explosion to imperfect Earth models, inaccurate event depths, and data with low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) assuming a reasonable azimuthal distribution of stations. In the band of interest (0.02-0.10 Hz) the source-type calculated from complete moment tensor inversion is insensitive to velocity models perturbations that cause less than a half-cycle shift (<5 sec) in arrival time error if shifting of the waveforms is allowed. The explosion source-type is insensitive to an incorrect depth assumption (for a true depth of 1 km), and the goodness-of-fit of the inversion result cannot be used to resolve the true depth of the explosion. Noise degrades the explosive character of the result, and a good fit and accurate result are obtained when the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is greater than 5. We assess the depth and frequency dependence upon the resolved explosive moment. As the depth decreases from 1 km to 200 m, the isotropic moment is no longer accurately resolved and is in error between 50-200%. However, even at the most shallow depth the resultant moment tensor is dominated by the explosive component when the data have a good SNR.

Ford, S R; Dreger, D S; Walter, W R

2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

317

Matrix Inversion Lemma and Information Filter Mohammad Emtiyaz Khan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Matrix Inversion Lemma and Information Filter Mohammad Emtiyaz Khan Honeywell Technology Solutions) zt+1|t = (I -JtBT t )A-T t zt|t, Zt+1|t = (I -JtBT t )St (8) where St = A-T t P-1 t|t A-1 t and Jt = StBt(BT t StBt +Q-1 t )-1. The Kalman gain is given as Kt = Zt|tCT t R-1 t . For detailed proof see

Mitchell, Ian

318

Inverse problems for symmetric matrices with a submatrix constraint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with the following problems: Problem I(a). Given a full column rank matrix X@?R^n^x^p and symmetric matrices B@?R^p^x^p and A"0@?R^r^x^r, find an nxn symmetric matrix A such thatX^TAX=B,A([1,r])=A"0, where A([1,r]) is the rxr ... Keywords: Canonical correlation decomposition, Generalized singular value decomposition, Inverse problem, Least-squares solution, Optimal approximation, Symmetric matrix

Yongxin Yuan; Hua Dai

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Gravitational radiation from primordial helical inverse cascade magnetohydrodynamic turbulence  

SciTech Connect

We consider the generation of gravitational waves by primordial helical inverse-cascade magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence produced by bubble collisions at the electroweak phase transition. We extend the previous study 1 by considering both currently discussed models of MHD turbulence. For popular electroweak phase transition parameter values, the generated gravitational wave spectrum is only weakly dependent on the MHD turbulence model. Compared with the unmagnetized electroweak phase transition case, the spectrum of MHD-turbulence-generated gravitational waves peaks at lower frequency with larger amplitude and can be detected by the proposed Laser Interferometer Space Antenna.

Kahniashvili, Tina [Department of Physics, Kansas State University, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (United States); Department of Physics, Laurentian University, Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, ON P3E 2C6 (Canada); National Astrophysical Observatory, Ilia Chavchavadze State University, 2A Kazbegi Ave, Tbilisi, GE-0160 (Georgia); Campanelli, Leonardo [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); INFN - Sezione di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Gogoberidze, Grigol [Department of Physics, Kansas State University, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (United States); National Astrophysical Observatory, Ilia Chavchavadze State University, 2A Kazbegi Ave, Tbilisi, GE-0160 (Georgia); Centre for Plasma Astrophysics, K.U. Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Maravin, Yurii; Ratra, Bharat [Department of Physics, Kansas State University, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (United States)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

320

The LLNL/UCLA high gradient inverse free electron laser  

SciTech Connect

We describe the Inverse Free Electron Accelerator currently under construction at Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Upon completion of this accelerator, high brightness electrons generated in the photoinjector blowout regime and accelerated to 50 MeV by S-band accelerating sections will interact with > 4 TW peak power Ti:Sapphire laser in a highly tapered 50 cm undulator and experience an acceleration gradient of > 200 MeV/m. We present the final design of the accelerator as well as the results of start-to-end simulations investigating preservation of beam quality and tolerances involved with this accelerator.

Moody, J. T.; Musumeci, P.; Anderson, G.; Anderson, S.; Betts, S.; Fisher, S.; Gibson, D.; Tremaine, A.; Wu, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles California, 90095 (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Subsystem of Data Acquisition Using the ModBus Protocol in Real Time of the Digital Electro-Hydraulic Control and Its Integration with the Integral System of Process Information of Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, the achieved development is presented of a software module of data acquisition in real time using the ModBus protocol named Subsystem of Data Acquisition of the Digital Electro-Hydraulic Control and its integration with the New Data ... Keywords: Real time, Data acquisition System, Nuclear power plant, Modbus protocol, Linux, C++, TCP/IP

Efren Ruben Coronel Flores, Carlos Chairez Campos

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Application Of 3D Inversion To Magnetotelluric Data In The Ogiri Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Of 3D Inversion To Magnetotelluric Data In The Ogiri Geothermal Of 3D Inversion To Magnetotelluric Data In The Ogiri Geothermal Area, Japan Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Application Of 3D Inversion To Magnetotelluric Data In The Ogiri Geothermal Area, Japan Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A stable inversion technique has been developed for threedimensional (3D) interpretation of magnetotelluric (MT) data. The inversion method is based on the Gauss-Newton (linearized least-squares) method with smoothness regularization. Static shifts are also treated as unknown parameters in the inversion. The forward modeling is done by using the staggered-grid finite difference method. A Bayesian criterion ABIC is applied to searching for the optimum trade-off among the minimization of

323

Use of a Maximum Entropy Method as a Regularization Technique during the Retrieval of Trace Gas Profiles from Limb Sounding Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The retrieval of trace gas profiles from radiance measurements of limb sounding instruments represents an inverse problem: vertical profiles of mixing ratios have to be extracted from sequences of horizontally measured radiances recorded by a ...

J. Steinwagner; G. Schwarz; S. Hilgers

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Soliton Solutions with Real Poles in the Alekseev formulation of the Inverse-Scattering method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new approach to the inverse-scattering technique of Alekseev is presented which permits real-pole soliton solutions of the Ernst equations to be considered. This is achieved by adopting distinct real poles in the scattering matrix and its inverse. For the case in which the electromagnetic field vanishes, some explicit solutions are given using a Minkowski seed metric. The relation with the corresponding soliton solutions that can be constructed using the Belinskii-Zakharov inverse-scattering technique is determined.

S. Micciche; J. B. Griffiths

1999-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

325

On inverse problems in electromagnetic field in classical mechanics at fixed energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider inverse scattering and inverse boundary value problems at sufficiently large and fixed energy for the multidimensional relativistic and nonrelativistic Newton equations in a static external electromagnetic field $(V,B)$, $V\\in C^2,$ $B\\in C^1$ in classical mechanics. Developing the approach going back to Gerver-Nadirashvili 1983's work on an inverse problem of mechanics, we obtain, in particular, theorems of uniqueness.

Alexandre Jollivet

2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

326

Absolutely and uniformly convergent iterative approach to inverse scattering with an infinite radius of convergence  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for solving the inverse acoustic scattering problem using an iterative approach with consideration of half-off-shell transition matrix elements (near-field) information, where the Volterra inverse series correctly predicts the first two moments of the interaction, while the Fredholm inverse series is correct only for the first moment and that the Volterra approach provides a method for exactly obtaining interactions which can be written as a sum of delta functions.

Kouri, Donald J. (Houston, TX); Vijay, Amrendra (Houston, TX); Zhang, Haiyan (Houston, TX); Zhang, Jingfeng (Houston, TX); Hoffman, David K. (Ames, IA)

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Fast full-wave seismic inversion using source encoding.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Full Wavefield Seismic Inversion (FWI) estimates a subsurface elastic model by iteratively minimizing the difference between observed and simulated data. This process is extremely compute intensive, with a cost on the order of at least hundreds of prestack reverse time migrations. For time-domain and Krylov-based frequency-domain FWI, the cost of FWI is proportional to the number of seismic sources inverted. We have found that the cost of FWI can be significantly reduced by applying it to data processed by encoding and summing individual source gathers, and by changing the encoding functions between iterations. The encoding step forms a single gather from many input source gathers. This gather represents data that would have been acquired from a spatially distributed set of sources operating simultaneously with different source signatures. We demonstrate, using synthetic data, significant cost reduction by applying FWI to encoded simultaneous-source data.

Ho Cha, Young (ExxonMobil); Baumstein, Anatoly (ExxonMobil); Lee, Sunwoong (ExxonMobil); Hinkley, David (ExxonMobil); Anderson, John E. (ExxonMobil); Neelamani, Ramesh (ExxonMobil); Krebs, Jerome R. (ExxonMobil); Lacasse, Martin-Daniel (ExxonMobil)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Chirped pulse inverse free-electron laser vacuum accelerator  

SciTech Connect

A chirped pulse inverse free-electron laser (IFEL) vacuum accelerator for high gradient laser acceleration in vacuum. By the use of an ultrashort (femtosecond), ultrahigh intensity chirped laser pulse both the IFEL interaction bandwidth and accelerating gradient are increased, thus yielding large gains in a compact system. In addition, the IFEL resonance condition can be maintained throughout the interaction region by using a chirped drive laser wave. In addition, diffraction can be alleviated by taking advantage of the laser optical bandwidth with negative dispersion focusing optics to produce a chromatic line focus. The combination of these features results in a compact, efficient vacuum laser accelerator which finds many applications including high energy physics, compact table-top laser accelerator for medical imaging and therapy, material science, and basic physics.

Hartemann, Frederic V. (Dublin, CA); Baldis, Hector A. (Pleasanton, CA); Landahl, Eric C. (Walnut Creek, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Unified Dark Energy-Dark Matter model with Inverse Quintessence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a model where both dark energy and dark matter originate from the coupling of a scalar field with a non-conventional kinetic term to, both, a metric measure and a non-metric measure. An interacting dark energy/dark matter scenario can be obtained by introducing an additional scalar that can produce non constant vacuum energy and associated variations in dark matter. The phenomenology is most interesting when the kinetic term of the additional scalar field is ghost-type, since in this case the dark energy vanishes in the early universe and then grows with time. This constitutes an "inverse quintessence scenario", where the universe starts from a zero vacuum energy density state, instead of approaching it in the future.

Stefano Ansoldi; Eduardo I. Guendelman

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

330

INVERSIONS FOR AVERAGE SUPERGRANULAR FLOWS USING FINITE-FREQUENCY KERNELS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

I analyze the maps recording the travel-time shifts caused by averaged plasma anomalies under an 'average supergranule', constructed by means of statistical averaging over 5582 individual supergranules with large divergence signals detected in two months of Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager Dopplergrams. By utilizing a three-dimensional validated time-distance inversion code, I measure a peak vertical velocity of 117 {+-} 2 m s{sup -1} at depths around 1.2 Mm in the center of the supergranule and a root-mean-square vertical velocity of 21 m s{sup -1} over the area of the supergranule. A discrepancy between this measurement and the measured surface vertical velocity (a few m s{sup -1}) can be explained by the existence of the large-amplitude vertical flow under the surface of supergranules with large divergence signals, recently suggested by Duvall and Hanasoge.

Svanda, Michal, E-mail: michal@astronomie.cz [Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (v.v.i.), Fricova 298, CZ-25165 Ondrejov (Czech Republic)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

331

Inverse Faraday Effect with Linearly Polarized Laser Pulses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inverse Faraday effect is usually associated with circularly polarized radiation; here, we show that it can also occur for linearly polarized radiation. The quasistatic axial magnetic field generated by a laser propagating in plasma can be calculated by considering both the spin and the orbital angular momenta of the laser pulse. A net spin is present when the radiation is circularly polarized and a net orbital angular momentum is present if there is any deviation from perfect rotational symmetry. The orbital angular momentum gives an additional contribution to the axial magnetic field that can enhance or reduce the effect usually attributed to circular polarization and strongly depends on the intensity profile of the Laguerre-Gaussian modes involving the azimuthal and radial mode numbers.

Ali, S. [Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear--Laboratorio Associado, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Avenida Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); National Centre for Physics, Shahdra Valley Road, Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Davies, J. R.; Mendonca, J. T. [Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear-Laboratorio Associado, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Avenida Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

332

2D Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

D Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The Evaluation Of Low Enthalpy Geothermal Fields Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home...

333

The inverse kinetics method and PID compensation of the Annular Core Research Reactor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis explores the development of a model describing the Annular Core Research Reactor (ACRR), the application of the inverse kinetics method to calculate the… (more)

Garnas, Benjamin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Inverse beta decay reaction in $^{232}$Th and $^{233}$U fission antineutrino flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy spectra of antineutrinos coming from $^{232}$Th and $^{233}$U neutron-induced fission are calculated, relevant inverse beta decay $\\bar{{\

G. Domogatski; V. Kopeikin; L. Mikaelyan; V. Sinev

2004-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Spherical Resorcinol-Formaldehyde Synthesis by Inverse Suspension Polymerization  

SciTech Connect

Base catalyzed sol-gel polycondensation of resorcinol (1,3-dihydroxybenzene) with formaldehyde by inverse suspension polymerization leads to the formation of uniform, highly cross-linked, translucent, spherical gels, which have increased selectivity and capacity for cesium ion removal from high alkaline solutions. Because of its high selectivity for cesium ion, resorcinol-formaldehyde (R-F) resins are being considered for process scale column radioactive cesium removal by ion-exchange at the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP), which is now under construction at the Hanford site. Other specialty resins such as Superlig{reg_sign} 644 have been ground and sieved and column tested for process scale radioactive cesium removal but show high pressure drops across the resin bed during transition from column regeneration to loading and elution. Furthermore, van Deemter considerations indicate better displacement column chromatography by the use of spherical particle beads rather than irregularly shaped ground or granular particles. In our studies batch contact equilibrium experiments using a high alkaline simulant show a definite increase in cesium loading onto spherical R-F resin. Distribution coefficient (Kd) values ranged from 777 to 429 mL/g in the presence of 0.1M and 0.7M potassium ions, respectively. Though other techniques for making R-F resins have been employed, to our knowledge no one has made spherical R-F resins by inverse suspension polymerization. Moreover, in this study we discuss the data comparisons to known algebraic isotherms used to evaluate ion-exchange resins for WTP plant scale cesium removal operations.

Ray, Robert J.; Scrivens, Walter A.; Nash, Charles

2005-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

336

Atmospheric Inverse Estimates of Methane Emissions from Central California  

SciTech Connect

Methane mixing ratios measured at a tall-tower are compared to model predictions to estimate surface emissions of CH{sub 4} in Central California for October-December 2007 using an inverse technique. Predicted CH{sub 4} mixing ratios are calculated based on spatially resolved a priori CH{sub 4} emissions and simulated atmospheric trajectories. The atmospheric trajectories, along with surface footprints, are computed using the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) coupled to the Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport (STILT) model. An uncertainty analysis is performed to provide quantitative uncertainties in estimated CH{sub 4} emissions. Three inverse model estimates of CH{sub 4} emissions are reported. First, linear regressions of modeled and measured CH{sub 4} mixing ratios obtain slopes of 0.73 {+-} 0.11 and 1.09 {+-} 0.14 using California specific and Edgar 3.2 emission maps respectively, suggesting that actual CH{sub 4} emissions were about 37 {+-} 21% higher than California specific inventory estimates. Second, a Bayesian 'source' analysis suggests that livestock emissions are 63 {+-} 22% higher than the a priori estimates. Third, a Bayesian 'region' analysis is carried out for CH{sub 4} emissions from 13 sub-regions, which shows that inventory CH{sub 4} emissions from the Central Valley are underestimated and uncertainties in CH{sub 4} emissions are reduced for sub-regions near the tower site, yielding best estimates of flux from those regions consistent with 'source' analysis results. The uncertainty reductions for regions near the tower indicate that a regional network of measurements will be necessary to provide accurate estimates of surface CH{sub 4} emissions for multiple regions.

Zhao, Chuanfeng; Andrews, Arlyn E.; Bianco, Laura; Eluszkiewicz, Janusz; Hirsch, Adam; MacDonald, Clinton; Nehrkorn, Thomas; Fischer, Marc L.

2008-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

337

Low-Level Inversions over the Tropical Pacific—Thermodynamic Structure of the Boundary Layer and the Above-Inversion Moisture Structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure of the boundary layer over a broad region of the equatorial Pacific is studied using dropwinsonde measurements made in January, February, May and June of 1979. Low-level inversions of sufficient strength to inhibit deep convection ...

Kevin A. Kloesel; Bruce A. Albrecht

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Amendment to Metered Subsystem Agreement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center Units 3 and 4, into the Riverside MSS Agreement. Waiver of the Commission’s notice requirements pursuant to section 35.11 of the Commission's regulations (18 C.F.R. § 35.11) is granted, and the rate sheets as embodied in Amendment No. 2 to the Riverside MSS Agreement are accepted for filing effective September 28, 2010, as requested. Notice of this filing was issued on September 9, 2010, with protests, comments, or motions to intervene due on or before September 28, 2010. No protests, comments or motions to intervene were filed. Notices of intervention and unopposed timely filed motions to intervene are granted pursuant to the operation of Rule 214 of the Commission’s Rules of Practice and Procedure (18 C.F.R. § 385.214). Any unopposed or untimely filed motion to intervene is governed by the provisions of Rule 214. This acceptance for filing shall not be construed as constituting approval of the referenced filing or of any rate, charge, classification, or any rule, regulation or practice affecting such rate or service provided for in the filed documents; nor shall such acceptance be deemed as recognition of any claimed contractual right or obligation20101015-3015 FERC PDF (Unofficial) 10/15/2010 Docket No. ER10-2550-000-2associated therewith; and such acceptance is without prejudice to any findings or orders which have been or any which may hereafter be made by the Commission in any proceeding now pending or hereafter instituted by or against the California Independent

Washington D. C; Michael D. Dozier; Michael D. Dozier

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Energy management subsystem. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In todays environment-conscious world, increasing levels of automotive emissions have been recognized as a major source of pollutants and greenhouse gases. Despite increasingly stringent tailpipe emission standards, the increased use of the automobile has more than offset the lowered per-vehicle emissions. Consequently, there is a great deal of interest in so-called zero-emission vehicles, such as electric and hybrid-electric automobiles. Although very attractive in terms of emissions, these vehicle present some design challenges which are not generally part of conventional automotive design. One such challenge is the development of an effective energy management strategy for the vehicle. While a conventional automobile has an engine whose power output far exceeds the average vehicle needs, hybrid electric vehicles generally have very limited energy reserves and efficiency in the use of these reserves is paramount if acceptable overall performance is to be achieved. Man aspects of the vehicle design (such as aerodynamics, powertrain design, gross weight, etc.) strongly influence the overall vehicle efficiency. However, the actual performance achieved by any given driver is strongly dependent on his or her driving skills. One way to reduce the effect of differences in driving skills is to provide for automatic accelerator control, permitting the vehicle to be driven in an efficient manner without necessitating extensive driver training. This report describes an accelerator/brake control systems developed for use on the Zia Roadrunner New Mexico Tech`s entry in the 1993 Sunrayce for solar-electric hybrid vehicles.

Wightman, C.W.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Drum type fossil fueled power plant control based on fuzzy inverse MIMO model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a new fuzzy controller is proposed based on inverse model of boiler-turbine system. Gain scheduling scheme is used to keep feedback rule as close as possible to optimal condition while generating plant Input/Output data. Interaction between ... Keywords: ANFIS, drum type fossil fueled power plant (FFPP), interaction, inverse model control, nonlinear model, robustness

Ali Ghaffari; Mansour Nikkhah Bahrami; Hesam Parsa

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Normal Inverse Gaussian Error Distributions Applied for the Positioning of Petroleum Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Normal Inverse Gaussian Error Distributions Applied for the Positioning of Petroleum Wells Tony In this paper we present a new statistical model for the positioning of petroleum wells using magnetic of a well. The normal inverse Gaussian gives a more realistic fit to the magnetic observatory data than

Eidsvik, Jo

342

The inverse scattering problem for a discrete Sturm-Liouville equation on the line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the inverse scattering problem for a discrete Sturm-Liouville equation on the entire line with coefficients that stabilize to zero in one direction. We derive a necessary and a sufficient condition on the scattering data so that the inverse problem is uniquely solvable. Bibliography: 23 titles.

Khanmamedov, Agil Kh [Baku State University, Baku (Azerbaijan)

2011-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

343

An Analytical Model of the Diurnal Oscillation of the Inversion Base Due to the Sea Breeze  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The diurnal oscillation of the height of the inversion due to the sea breeze is studied analytically by use of a linear model. The base of the inversion over the sea moved downward during daytime and upward during nighttime. Over the land the ...

Yizhak Feliks

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Circulation within the Ocean Storms Area Located in the Northeast Pacific Ocean Determined by Inverse Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An inverse model was applied to hydrographic data obtained from a cruise in the autumn of 1987 in a small area (300 × 250 km) in the northeast Pacific Ocean. The inverse model used geostrophy and a linear ?-plane vorticity equation as dynamical ...

R. J. Matear

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Generation of pornographic blacklist and its incremental update using an inverse chi-square based method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presented an inverse chi-square based web content classification system that works along with an incremental update mechanism for incremental generation of pornographic blacklist. The proposed system, as indicated from the experimental results, ... Keywords: Incremental update, Inverse chi-square function, Pornographic blacklist, Web content classification

Lung-Hao Lee; Cheng-Jye Luh

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Gravity inversion using a binary formulation Richard A. Krahenbuhl* and Yaoguo Li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gravity inversion using a binary formulation Richard A. Krahenbuhl* and Yaoguo Li Gravity contrast that gives rise to zero gravity response on the surface. As a result, part of the salt structure structure using gravity data can be divided into two general categories. The first are interface inversions

347

Stability estimates for the inverse boundary value problem by partial Cauchy data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study the inverse conductivity problem with partial data in dimension $n\\geq 3$. We derive stability estimates for this inverse problem if the conductivity has $C^{1,\\sigma}(\\bar\\Omega)\\cap H^{3/2+\\sigma}(\\Omega)$ regularity for $0<\\sigma<1$.

Ru-Yu Lai

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

348

Dimensionality reduction and polynomial chaos acceleration of Bayesian inference in inverse problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a Bayesian approach to nonlinear inverse problems in which the unknown quantity is a spatial or temporal field, endowed with a hierarchical Gaussian process prior. Computational challenges in this construction arise from the need for repeated ... Keywords: Bayesian inference, Dimensionality reduction, Galerkin projection, Gaussian processes, Inverse problems, Karhunen-Ločve expansion, Markov chain Monte Carlo, Polynomial chaos, RKHS

Youssef M. Marzouk; Habib N. Najm

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

A 3-D gravity inversion tool based on exploration of model possibilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computational tool for the development and implementation of a recently published method of 3-D (three dimensional) inversion for gravity data is presented. This method seeks to determine the geometry of an indefinite number of anomalous bodies with ... Keywords: anomalous density contrast, gravity anomaly, gravity inversion, model exploration, three-dimensional models

Antonio G. Camacho; Fuensanta G. Montesinos; Ricardo Vieira

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

On inverse problems for the multidimensional relativistic Newton equation at fixed energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider inverse scattering and inverse boundary value problems at sufficiently large and fixed energy for the multidimensional relativistic Newton equation with an external potential $V$, $V\\in C^2$. Using known results, we obtain, in particular, theorems of uniqueness.

Alexandre Jollivet

2006-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

351

New Systolic Architectures for Inversion and Division in GF(2^m)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AbstractżWe present two systolic architectures for inversion and division in GF(2^m)based on a modified extended Euclidean algorithm. Our architectures are similar to those proposed by others in that they consist of two-dimensional arrays of computing ... Keywords: Finite fields, field arithmetic, inversion, division, systolic, extended Euclidean algorithm.

Zhiyuan Yan; Dilip V. Sarwate

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

A modified Tikhonov regularization method for a spherically symmetric three-dimensional inverse heat conduction problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with a spherically symmetric three-dimensional inverse heat conduction problem of determining the internal surface temperature distribution of a hollow sphere from the measured data at a fixed location inside it. This is an ill-posed ... Keywords: Error estimate, Ill-posed problem, Regularization, Spherically symmetric inverse heat conduction problem

Wei Cheng; Chu-Li Fu; Zhi Qian

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Development of an adaptive fuzzy logic-based inverse dynamic model for laser cladding process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The precision, performance, and robustness of model-based controllers depend, to a large extent, on the accuracy of the inverse dynamic model which is incorporated in the design of the controller. Due to complex nature of the laser cladding process and ... Keywords: Adaptive fuzzy modelling, Fuzzy c-means clustering, Inverse dynamic, Laser cladding

Meysar Zeinali; Amir Khajepour

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Significant Inversions and Rapid In Situ Cooling at a Well-Sited Oklahoma Mesonet Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The El Reno Oklahoma Mesonet (ELRE) site is one of a few Oklahoma Mesonet sites that has measured inversions of 10°C or greater between 1.5 and 9 m. Historical analyses revealed that strong inversions at ELRE have occurred because of rapid ...

Eric D. Hunt; Jeffrey B. Basara; Cynthia R. Morgan

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Analytical inverse model for post-event attribution of plutonium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An integral part of deterring nuclear terrorism is the swift attribution of any event to a particular state or organization. By quickly being able to identify the responsible party after a nuclear event, appropriate people may be held accountable for their actions. Currently, there is a system in place to determine the origin of nuclear devices and materials from post-event data; however, the system requires significant time to produce an answer within acceptable error margins. Described here is a deterministic approach derived from first principles to solve the inverse problem. The derivation starts with the basic change rate equation and ends in relationships for important nuclear concentrations and device yield. This results in a computationally efficient and timely method for producing an estimate of the material attributes. This estimate can then be used as a starting point for other more detailed methods and reduce the overall computation time of the post-event forensics. This work focused on a specific type of nuclear event: a plutonium improvised nuclear device (IND) explosion. From post-event isotopic ratios, this method determines the device’s pre-event isotopic concentrations of special nuclear material. From the original isotopic concentrations, the field of possible origins for the nuclear material is narrowed. In this scenario, knowing where the nuclear material did not originate is as important as knowing where it did. The derived methodology was tested using several cases of interest including simplified and realistic cases. For the simplistic cases, only two isotopes comprised the material being fissioned. In the realistic cases, both Weapons Grade and Reactor Grade plutonium were used to cover the spectrum of possible fissile material to be used by terrorists. The methodology performed very well over the desired energy range. Errors were under two percent from the expected values for all yields under 50 kT. In the realistic cases, competing reactions caused an increase in error; however, these stayed under five percent. As expected, with an increased yield, the error continued to rise, but these errors increased linearly. A sensitivity analysis was performed on the methodology to determine the impact of uncertainty in various physical constants. The result was that the inverse methodology is not overly sensitive to perturbations in these constants.

Miller, James Christopher

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Restarted inverse Born series for the Schrödinger problem with discrete internal measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Convergence and stability results for the inverse Born series [Moskow and Schotland, Inverse Problems, 24:065005, 2008] are generalized to mappings between Banach spaces. We show that by restarting the inverse Born series one obtains a class of iterative methods containing the Gauss-Newton and Chebyshev-Halley methods. We use the generalized inverse Born series results to show convergence of the inverse Born series for the Schr\\"odinger problem with discrete internal measurements. In this problem, the Schr\\"odinger potential is to be recovered from a few measurements of solutions to the Schr\\"odinger equation resulting from a few different source terms. An application of this method to a problem related to transient hydraulic tomography is given, where the source terms model injection and measurement wells.

Patrick Bardsley; Fernando Guevara Vasquez

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

357

Effects of burial history, rock ductility and recovery magnitude on inversion of normal faulted strata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inversion of normal faults at different burial depths is studied using physical models constructed with rock and deformed at confining pressure. Models consist of a 1 cm thick limestone layer above a fault dipping 70° in a rigid medium, and are subjected to a two-stage deformation path of layer-parallel extension followed by coaxial contraction. To investigate the effects of burial depth and relative ductility on kinematics of inversion, five model suites were run in which confining pressure and recovery magnitudes were varied. In all models, a normal fault forms in the limestone during extension. Subsequent inversion is accommodated in the limestone by reverse slip on the normal fault, creation and movement along new reverse faults, and distributed fracturing and folding. The relative contribution of these mechanisms depends on the relative ductility of the rock and magnitude of inversion. Reverse slip on the normal fault and distributed fracturing occur during early stages of inversion and new reverse faults form at intermediate stages. During late stage inversion, strata with low mean ductility shorten primarily by reverse slip on the pre-existing normal fault, whereas strata with high mean ductility shorten by continued slip on reverse faults. Evidence for inversion is provided by superposed fracture fabrics in the footwall at early stages (100% recovery). This change in fracture fabric during inversion could lead to an overpressured footwall in natural inversion structures. Reverse reactivation of the normal faults may occur during coaxial contraction even though such faults are unfavorably oriented assuming typical rock friction behavior and a homogeneous stress state. Localized reverse slip on normal faults is favored when strata display low ductility and less favored when strata work-harden during extension, however, the models show that the final inversion geometry is dependent on the ductility during both phases of deformation. Even a fault that is work-hardened during extension can reactivate if the ductility during contraction is low enough.

Kuhle, Nathan John

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Solving Inverse Detection Problems Using Passive Radiation Signatures  

SciTech Connect

The ability to reconstruct an unknown radioactive object based on its passive gamma-ray and neutron signatures is very important in homeland security applications. Often in the analysis of unknown radioactive objects, for simplicity or speed or because there is no other information, they are modeled as spherically symmetric regardless of their actual geometry. In these presentation we discuss the accuracy and implications of this approximation for decay gamma rays and for neutron-induced gamma rays. We discuss an extension of spherical raytracing (for uncollided fluxes) that allows it to be used when the exterior shielding is flat or cylindrical. We revisit some early results in boundary perturbation theory, showing that the Roussopolos estimate is the correct one to use when the quantity of interest is the flux or leakage on the boundary. We apply boundary perturbation theory to problems in which spherically symmetric systems are perturbed in asymmetric nonspherical ways. We apply mesh adaptive direct search (MADS) algorithms to object reconstructions. We present a benchmark test set that may be used to quantitatively evaluate inverse detection methods.

Favorite, Jeffrey A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Armstrong, Jerawan C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vaquer, Pablo A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

359

Study of atomic physics and population inversions with plasma focus  

SciTech Connect

The plasma focus can be used to generate high temperature and high density plasmas. Neon-like plasmas have previously been studied in Z-pinches and laser produced plasmas as sources for XUV and x-ray lasers. The plasma focus provides a simple and inexpensive source for studying atomic physics of highly ionized atoms. A detailed understanding of atomic physics at high temperatures, densities, and megagauss magnetic fields is necessary for possible x-ray laser designs. Methods that are generally used for obtaining population inversions include collisional ionization of the inner shells of multi-electron atoms and ions, photoexcitation, and electron collisional excitation of ions, collisional combination of ions, and atom-ion resonant charge exchange. We will discuss some possible experiments to help understand the atomic physics under the above condition. Some ideas and calculations will be given to show the feasibility of doing atomic physics relating to x-ray lasers with a plasma focus. 13 refs., 2 figs.

Oona, H.; Hodgdon, M.L.; Rickel, D.G.; Freeman, B.L.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Inverse Kriging to Enhance Spatial Resolution of Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a unique approach to image resolution enhancement, inverse kriging (IK), which takes advantage of the spatial relationship between high- and low-resolution images within an area of overlap. Once established, this mathematical relationship then can be applied across the entire low-resolution image to significantly sharpen the image. The mathematical relationship uses the spatial correlations within the low-resolution image and between the low and high spatial-resolution imagery. Two of the most important requirements of the technique are that the images be co-registered well within the resolution of the larger pixels and that the spatial structure of the training area (where the spatial correlation statistics are compared) is similar to the structure of the remaining image area where it will be applied. Testing was performed using same-sensor and multi-sensor imagery. We show results that indicate that the method does improve the low spatial-resolution imagery. The selection of a training area spatial structure similar to the area being processed is important, as areas with different spatial structure (e.g., vegetation versus buildings and roads) will produce poor results. Comparisons with bilinear interpolation demonstrate that IK could be used as an improved interpolation tool, for example, in the image-registration process.

Petrie, Gregg M. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Heasler, Patrick G. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Perry, Eileen M. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Thompson, Sandra E. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Daly, Don S. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

2002-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Development of an Inverse Algorithm for Resonance Inspection  

SciTech Connect

Resonance inspection (RI), which employs the natural frequency spectra shift between the good and the anomalous part populations to detect defects, is a non-destructive evaluation (NDE) technique with many advantages such as low inspection cost, high testing speed, and broad applicability to structures with complex geometry compared to other contemporary NDE methods. It has already been widely used in the automobile industry for quality inspections of safety critical parts. Unlike some conventionally used NDE methods, the current RI technology is unable to provide details, i.e. location, dimension, or types, of the flaws for the discrepant parts. Such limitation severely hinders its wide spread applications and further development. In this study, an inverse RI algorithm based on maximum correlation function is proposed to quantify the location and size of flaws for a discrepant part. A dog-bone shaped stainless steel sample with and without controlled flaws are used for algorithm development and validation. The results show that multiple flaws can be accurately pinpointed back using the algorithms developed, and the prediction accuracy decreases with increasing flaw numbers and decreasing distance between flaws.

Lai, Canhai; Xu, Wei; Sun, Xin

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Inverse Compton X-ray signature of AGN feedback  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bright AGN frequently show ultra-fast outflows (UFOs) with outflow velocities vout ! 0.1c. These outflows may be the source of AGN feedback on their host galaxies sought by galaxy formation modellers. The exact effect of the outflows on the ambient galaxy gas strongly depends on whether the shocked UFOs cool rapidly or not. This in turn depends on whether the shocked electrons share the same temperature as ions (one temperature regime; 1T) or decouple (2T), as has been recently suggested. Here we calculate the Inverse Compton spectrum emitted by such shocks, finding a broad feature potentially detectable either in mid-to-high energy X-rays (1T case) or only in the soft X-rays (2T). We argue that current observations of AGN do not seem to show evidence for the 1T component, while the limits on the 2T emission are far weaker. This suggests that UFOs are in the energy-driven regime outside the central few pc, and must pump considerable amounts of not only momentum but also energy into the ambient gas. We encoura...

Bourne, Martin A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Zenith Radiance Retrieval of Cloud Properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

retrievals of cloud properties retrievals of cloud properties from the AMF/COPS campaign Preliminary retrievals of cloud properties from the AMF/COPS campaign Christine Chiu, UMBC/JCET Alexander Marshak, GSFC Yuri Knyazikhin, Boston University Warren Wiscombe, GSFC Christine Chiu, UMBC/JCET Alexander Marshak, GSFC Yuri Knyazikhin, Boston University Warren Wiscombe, GSFC The cloud optical properties of interest are: The cloud optical properties of interest are: * Cloud optical depth Ď„ - the great unknown * Radiative cloud fraction * Cloud effective drop size, r eff * Cloud optical depth Ď„ - the great unknown * Radiative cloud fraction * Cloud effective drop size, r eff Ď„ = 3 2 LWP r eff r eff in ÎĽm, LWP in g/m 2 The 2-ch narrow-field-of-view radiometer (2NFOV) The 2-ch narrow-field-of-view radiometer

364

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Radiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

plots and contours, visual comfort levels, photograph-quality images and video animations. Computer Platform UNIX-compatible workstation, e.g. Sun, Silicon Graphics, Hewlett...

365

Precomputed radiance transfer: theory and practice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interactive rendering of realistic objects under general lighting models poses three principal challenges. Handling complex light transport phenomena like shadows, inter-reflections, caustics and sub-surface scattering is difficult to do in real time. ...

Jan Kautz; Peter-Pike Sloan; Jaakko Lehtinen

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Reflected Solar Radiances from Regional Scale Scenes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of bi-directional reflectance models is presented for various atmospheric scene types. The models were composited from data collected from an aircraft platform in May-July 1979 during Summer MONEX. The space scale of the composited models ...

John M. Davis; Stephen K. Cox

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Efficient Inversion of Multi-frequency and Multi-source Electromagnetic Data: Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BES grant DE-FG02-06ER15819 supported efforts at Oregon State University (OSU) to develop improved inversion methods for 3D subsurface electromagnetic (EM) imaging. Three interrelated activities have been supported by this grant, and its predecessor (DE-FG02-06ER15818): (1) collaboration with a former student of the PI, Dr. Weerachai Siripunvaraporn (now Professor at Mahidol University in Bangkok, Thailand) on developing and refining inversion methods for 3D Magnetotelluric (MT) data . (2) Development at Oregon State University of a new modular system of computer codes for EM inversion, and initial testing and application of this inversion on several large field data sets. (3) Research on more efficient approaches to multi-transmitter EM inverse problems, to optimize use of expensive data sensitivity calculations needed for gradient based inversion schemes. The last of these activities was the main motivation for this research project, but the first two activities were important enabling steps that produced useful products and results in their own right, including freely avaialable software for 3D inversion of EM geophysical data.

Gary D. Egbert

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

368

1 Lossy Electric Transmission Line Soft Fault Diagnosis: an Inverse Scattering Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—In this paper, the diagnosis of soft faults in lossy electric transmission lines is studied through the inverse scattering approach. The considered soft faults are modeled as continuous spatial variations of distributed characteristic parameters of transmission lines. The diagnosis of such faults from reflection and transmission coefficients measured at the ends of a line can be formulated as an inverse problem. The relationship between this inverse problem and the inverse scattering theory has been studied by Jaulent in 1982 through transformations from the telegrapher’s equations of transmission lines to Zakharov-Shabat equations. The present paper clarifies and completes the computation of the theoretic scattering data required by the inverse scattering transform from the practically measured engineering scattering data. The inverse scattering method is then applied to numerically simulated lossy transmission lines to confirm the feasibility of the studied approach to soft fault diagnosis. Index Terms—inverse scattering, lossy transmission line, soft fault diagnosis, telegrapher’s equations, Zakharov-Shabat equations. I.

Huaibin Tang; Qinghua Zhang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Anomaly-free perturbations with inverse-volume and holonomy corrections in Loop Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article addresses the issue of the closure of the algebra of constraints for generic (cosmological) perturbations when taking into account simultaneously the two main corrections of effective loop quantum cosmology, namely the holonomy and the inverse-volume terms. Previous works on either the holonomy or the inverse volume case are reviewed and generalized. In the inverse-volume case, we point out new possibilities. An anomaly-free solution including both corrections is found for perturbations, and the corresponding equations of motion are derived.

Thomas Cailleteau; Linda Linsefors; Aurelien Barrau

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

370

A genetic algorithm approach to a neural-network-based inverse kinematics solution of robotic manipulators based on error minimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solution of the inverse kinematics problem is fundamental in robot control. Many traditional inverse kinematics problem solutions, such as the geometric, iterative, and algebraic approaches, are inadequate for redundant robots. Recently, much attention ... Keywords: 6-Degree-of-freedom robot, Elman networks, Genetic algorithms, Inverse kinematics problem, Neural networks, Robotics

Ra?It KöKer

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Stochastic noise characteristics in matrix inversion tomosynthesis (MITS)  

SciTech Connect

Matrix inversion tomosynthesis (MITS) uses known imaging geometry and linear systems theory to deterministically separate in-plane detail from residual tomographic blur in a set of conventional tomosynthesis (''shift-and-add'') planes. A previous investigation explored the effect of scan angle (ANG), number of projections (N), and number of reconstructed planes (NP) on the MITS impulse response and modulation transfer function characteristics, and concluded that ANG=20 deg., N=71, and NP=69 is the optimal MITS imaging technique for chest imaging on our prototype tomosynthesis system. This article examines the effect of ANG, N, and NP on the MITS exposure-normalized noise power spectra (ENNPS) and seeks to confirm that the imaging parameters selected previously by an analysis of the MITS impulse response also yield reasonable stochastic properties in MITS reconstructed planes. ENNPS curves were generated for experimentally acquired mean-subtracted projection images, conventional tomosynthesis planes, and MITS planes with varying combinations of the parameters ANG, N, and NP. Image data were collected using a prototype tomosynthesis system, with 11.4 cm acrylic placed near the image receptor to produce lung-equivalent beam hardening and scattered radiation. Ten identically acquired tomosynthesis data sets (realizations) were collected for each selected technique and used to generate ensemble mean images that were subtracted from individual image realizations prior to noise power spectra (NPS) estimation. NPS curves were normalized to account for differences in entrance exposure (as measured with an ion chamber), yielding estimates of the ENNPS for each technique. Results suggest that mid- and high-frequency noise in MITS planes is fairly equivalent in magnitude to noise in conventional tomosynthesis planes, but low-frequency noise is amplified in the most anterior and posterior reconstruction planes. Selecting the largest available number of projections (N=71) does not incur any appreciable additive electronic noise penalty compared to using fewer projections for roughly equivalent cumulative exposure. Stochastic noise is minimized by maximizing N and NP but increases with increasing ANG. The noise trend results for NP and ANG are contrary to what would be predicted by simply considering the MITS matrix conditioning and likely result from the interplay between noise correlation and the polarity of the MITS filters. From this study, the authors conclude that the previously determined optimal MITS imaging strategy based on impulse response considerations produces somewhat suboptimal stochastic noise characteristics, but is probably still the best technique for MITS imaging of the chest.

Godfrey, Devon J.; McAdams, H. P.; Dobbins, James T. III [Department of Radiology, Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, DUMC 3295, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, DUMC 3308, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Department of Radiology and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, 2424 Erwin Rd., Suite 302, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

2D Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The Evaluation Of Low Enthalpy Geothermal Fields Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 2D Joint Inversion Of DC And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The Evaluation Of Low Enthalpy Geothermal Fields Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Audio-magnetotelluric (AMT) and resistivity (dc) surveys are often used in environmental, hydrological and geothermal evaluation. The separate interpretation of those geophysical data sets assuming two-dimensional models frequently produces ambiguous results. The joint inversion of AMT and dc data is advocated by several authors as an efficient method for reducing the ambiguity inherent to each of those

373

Peak Tracking by Simultaneous Inversion: Toward a One-Step Acoustic Tomography Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of geophysical observing techniques, including ocean acoustic tomography, obtain sequences of records of which the observed relative maxima (“peaks”) are used to infer properties of the system via inversions. Traditionally, these peaks ...

Uwe Send

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Prediction of Tropical Atlantic Sea Surface Temperatures Using Linear Inverse Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The predictability of tropical Atlantic sea surface temperature on seasonal to interannual timescales by linear inverse modeling is quantified. The authors find that predictability of Caribbean Sea and north tropical Atlantic sea surface ...

Cécile Penland; Ludmila Matrosova

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

A survey of current issues in inverse problem theory as applied to thermal wave imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recovery of optical and thermal property depth profiles using thermal waves relies directly on the application of inverse problem theory to the photothermal data. A general strategy for assessing and interrelating existing works in the field is presented.

J. F. Power

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

The Structure of the Marine inversion Layer off the Central California Coast: Mesoscale Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data collected on board an instrumented aircraft during the Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiments, West Coast (MABLES WC) field study are examined. The data were collected at several levels in the marine and inversion layers approximately ...

Alison F. C. Bridger; William C. Brick; Peter F. Lester

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Drainage Flow Characteristics and Inversion Breakup in Two Alberta Mountain Valleys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind and temperature profiles and corresponding acoustic sounder data collected in September 1982 are presented for nocturnal drainage flow and inversion breakup in two Alberta mountain valleys. The results show that the diurnal amplitude of ...

Steven K. Sakiyama

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Chemical Source Inversion Using Assimilated Constituent Observations in an Idealized Two-Dimensional System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A source inversion technique for chemical constituents is presented that uses assimilated constituent observations rather than directly using the observations. The method is tested with a simple model problem, which is a two-dimensional Fourier–...

Andrew Tangborn; Robert Cooper; Steven Pawson; Zhibin Sun

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

A Rate Equation for the Inversion Height in a Nocturnal Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of a self-similar profile in the integration of the temperature equation across the stable boundary layer leads to a rate equation for the inversion height. An analytic solution of the resulting equation is derived. Its behavior ...

F. T. M. Nieuwstadt

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Multifrequency and multistatic inverse synthetic aperture radar, with application to FM passive radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the imaging of a moving target using a multifrequency and multistatic radar consisting in one receiver and several narrowband transmitters. Considering two hypotheses about the studied target, we derive two multistatic inverse synthetic ...

Guillaume Ginolhac; Françoise Schmitt; Franck Daout; Philippe Forster

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Inverse Analysis Adjustment of the SOC Air–Sea Flux Climatology Using Ocean Heat Transport Constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are presented from a linear inverse analysis of the Southampton Oceanography Centre (SOC) air–sea flux climatology using 10 hydrographic ocean heat transport constraints distributed throughout the Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans. A ...

Jeremy P. Grist; Simon A. Josey

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Note on the Use of the Inverse Gaussian Distribution for Wind Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inverse Gaussian distribution is suggested as an alternative to the three-parameter Weibull distribution for the description of wind speed data with low frequencies of low speeds. A comparison of the two distributions indicates a region of ...

W. E. Bardsley

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Non-linear inversion modeling for Ultrasound Computer Tomography: transition from soft to hard tissues imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-linear inversion modeling for Ultrasound Computer Tomography: transition from soft to hard, the tomographic procedure used is adapted to broadband data acquired in scattering configurations while, Iterative Approximation, Soft Tissues Imaging, Hard Tissues Imaging, Breast, Bones 1. INTRODUCTION

384

Breakup of Temperature Inversions in Deep Mountain Valleys: Part II. Thermodynamic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thermodynamic model is developed to simulate the evolution of vertical temperature structure during the breakup of nocturnal temperature inversions in mountain valleys. The primary inputs to the model are the valley floor width, sidewall ...

C. David Whiteman; Thomas B. McKee

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Estimation of Meridional Heat Flux in the North Atlantic by Inverse Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrographic sections spanning the Atlantic Ocean at 24, 36 and 48°N are used to make an estimate of meridional heat flux in the ocean. An inverse method provides reference level velocities for geostrophic calculations, consistent with ...

Dean Roemmich

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Resolution Dependence of the Tropopause Inversion Layer in an Idealized Model for Upper-Tropospheric Anticyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note investigates the dependence of the extratropical tropopause inversion layer (TIL) on numerical resolution in an idealized modeling framework. Axisymmetric upper-tropospheric anticyclones are constructed by specifying potential vorticity ...

Andreas Müller; Volkmar Wirth

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Inverse Parameter Estimation of the Turbulent Surface Layer from Single-Level Data and Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple inverse parameter estimation method is used in a practical diagnostic approach to obtain the surface roughness lengths and surface resistance parameters from a chi-square cost function containing measurements of wind speed and air ...

P. Martano

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

The General Circulation and Meridional Heat Transport of the Subtropical South Atlantic Determined by Inverse Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using hydrographic data of the IGY and METEOR expeditions, the inverse method of Wunsch (1978) has been applied to the subtropical South Atlantic Ocean to determine its general circulation and meridional heat transport. The method is based on the ...

Lee-Lueng Fu

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Wintertime Evolution of the Temperature Inversion in the Colorado Plateau Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Colorado Plateau, surrounded by a ring of mountains, has the meteorological characteristics of a basin. Deep, persistent potential temperature inversions form in this basin in winter. The formation, maintenance, and dissipation of these ...

C. David Whiteman; Xindi Bian; Shiyuan Zhong

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

An Assessment of the Differential Inversion Method for Remote Sounding of Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have explored the applicability of the differential inversion (DI) method to temperature retrievals in both clear and cloudy atmospheres using red satellite data. The main theme of the DI is that the local Planck intensity can be exactly ...

S. C. Ou; K. N. Liou; J. F. King

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Dimensionality reduction and polynomial chaos acceleration of Bayesian inference in inverse problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a Bayesian approach to nonlinear inverse problems in which the unknown quantity is a spatial or temporal field, endowed with a hierarchical Gaussian process prior. Computational challenges in this construction ...

Marzouk, Youssef M.

392

In Situ Observations of Kelvin-Helmholtz Waves along a Frontal Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An unusual set of observations of amplifying Kelvin-Helmholtz waves along a New England coastal front inversion is presented and compared to linear theory. The waves were observed by instrumented aircraft traversing the coastal front at various ...

John W. Nielsen

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Effect of Varied Air Flow on Flame Structure of Laminar Inverse Diffusion Flames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D.A. , Combustion and Flame, 111:185, Table 1 IDF OperatingEffect of Varied Air Flow on Flame Structure ofLaminar Inverse Diffusion Flames Western States Section/

Mikofski, Mark A; Williams, Timothy C; Shaddix, Christopher R; Blevins, Linda G

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Laplace Transform Inversion and Passage-Time Distributions in Markov Processes Peter G. Harrison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by inspection, e.g. for a single Erlang distribution, the most common approach to deriving distributions in the time domain from transforms is by numerical inversion, see for example Davies and Martin (1979), Abate

Imperial College, London

395

A Look at the Surface-Based Temperature Inversion on the Antarctic Plateau  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from radiosondes, towers, and a thermistor string are used to characterize the temperature inversion at two stations: the Amundsen-Scott Station at the South Pole, and the somewhat higher and colder Dome C Station at a lower latitude.

Stephen R. Hudson; Richard E. Brandt

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

A Closed Form Solution for Inverse Kinematics of Robot Manipulator with Redundancy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A closed form equation for inverse kinematics of manipulator with redundancy is derived, using the Lagrangian multiplier method. The proposed equation is proved to provide the exact equilibrium state for the resolved ...

Chang, Pyung H.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Characterization of polycrystals with elongated duplex microstructure by inversion of ultrasonic backscattering data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this letter a simple analytical ultrasonic backscattering model is proposed for determination of characteristic microstructural scales in polycrystalline materials with elongated grains. The inversion methodology for microstructural parameters is based on backscattering coefficient ratios measured in different propagation directions. The ultrasonic backscattering measurements were performed on a Ti alloy sample with a duplex microstructure and the model was applied to experimental data inversion to size the material microtexture.

Lobkis, O. I.; Rokhlin, S. I. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Edison Joining Technology Center, Ohio State University, 1248 Arthur E. Adams Dr., Columbus, Ohio 43221 (United States)

2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

398

Joint inversion of marine seismic AVA and CSEM data using statistical rock-physics models and Markov random fields: Stochastic inversion of AVA and CSEM data  

SciTech Connect

Joint inversion of seismic AVA and CSEM data requires rock-physics relationships to link seismic attributes to electrical properties. Ideally, we can connect them through reservoir parameters (e.g., porosity and water saturation) by developing physical-based models, such as Gassmann’s equations and Archie’s law, using nearby borehole logs. This could be difficult in the exploration stage because information available is typically insufficient for choosing suitable rock-physics models and for subsequently obtaining reliable estimates of the associated parameters. The use of improper rock-physics models and the inaccuracy of the estimates of model parameters may cause misleading inversion results. Conversely, it is easy to derive statistical relationships among seismic and electrical attributes and reservoir parameters from distant borehole logs. In this study, we develop a Bayesian model to jointly invert seismic AVA and CSEM data for reservoir parameter estimation using statistical rock-physics models; the spatial dependence of geophysical and reservoir parameters are carried out by lithotypes through Markov random fields. We apply the developed model to a synthetic case, which simulates a CO{sub 2} monitoring application. We derive statistical rock-physics relations from borehole logs at one location and estimate seismic P- and S-wave velocity ratio, acoustic impedance, density, electrical resistivity, lithotypes, porosity, and water saturation at three different locations by conditioning to seismic AVA and CSEM data. Comparison of the inversion results with their corresponding true values shows that the correlation-based statistical rock-physics models provide significant information for improving the joint inversion results.

Chen, J.; Hoversten, G.M.

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

A modified R1 X R1 method for helioseismic rotation inversions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an efficient method for two dimensional inversions for the solar rotation rate using the Subtractive Optimally Localized Averages (SOLA) method and a modification of the R1 X R1 technique proposed by Sekii (1993). The SOLA method is based on explicit construction of averaging kernels similar to the Backus-Gilbert method. The versatility and reliability of the SOLA method in reproducing a target form for the averaging kernel, in combination with the idea of the R1 X R1 decomposition, results in a computationally very efficient inversion algorithm. This is particularly important for full 2-D inversions of helioseismic data in which the number of modes runs into at least tens of thousands.

F. P. Pijpers; M. J. Thompson

1995-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

400

High-Power Laser Pulse Recirculation for Inverse Compton Scattering-Produced Gamma-Rays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inverse Compton scattering of high-power laser pulses on relativistic electron bunches represents an attractive method for high-brightness, quasi-monoenergetic {gamma}-ray production. The efficiency of {gamma}-ray generation via inverse Compton scattering is severely constrained by the small Thomson scattering cross section. Furthermore, repetition rates of high-energy short-pulse lasers are poorly matched with those available from electron accelerators, resulting in low repetition rates for generated {gamma}-rays. Laser recirculation has been proposed as a method to address those limitations, but has been limited to only small pulse energies and peak powers. Here we propose and experimentally demonstrate an alternative method for laser pulse recirculation that is uniquely capable of recirculating short pulses with energies exceeding 1 J. Inverse Compton scattering of recirculated Joule-level laser pulses has a potential to produce unprecedented peak and average {gamma}-ray brightness in the next generation of sources.

Jovanovic, I; Shverdin, M; Gibson, D; Brown, C

2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Structure of the murine constitutive androstane receptor complexed to androstenol: a molecular basis for inverse agonism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nuclear receptor CAR is a xenobiotic responsive transcription factor that plays a central role in the clearance of drugs and bilirubin while promoting cocaine and acetaminophen toxicity. In addition, CAR has established a 'reverse' paradigm of nuclear receptor action where the receptor is active in the absence of ligand and inactive when bound to inverse agonists. We now report the crystal structure of murine CAR bound to the inverse agonist androstenol. Androstenol binds within the ligand binding pocket, but unlike many nuclear receptor ligands, it makes no contacts with helix H12/AF2. The transition from constitutive to basal activity (androstenol bound) appears to be associated with a ligand-induced kink between helices H10 and H11. This disrupts the previously predicted salt bridge that locks H12 in the transcriptionally active conformation. This mechanism of inverse agonism is distinct from traditional nuclear receptor antagonists thereby offering a new approach to receptor modulation.

Shan, L.; Vincent, J.; Brunzelle, J.S.; Dussault, I.; Lin, M.; Ianculescu, I.; Sherman, M.A.; Forman, B.M.; Fernandez, E. (Tennesse)

2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

402

Imaging earth's interior: Tomographic inversions for mantle P-wave velocity structure  

SciTech Connect

A formalism is developed for the tomographic inversion of seismic travel time residuals. The travel time equations are solved both simultaneously, for velocity model terms and corrections to the source locations, and progressively, for each set of terms in succession. The methods differ primarily in their treatment of source mislocation terms. Additionally, the system of equations is solved directly, neglecting source terms. The efficacy of the algorithms is explored with synthetic data as we perform simulations of the general procedure used to produce tomographic images of Earth's mantle from global earthquake data. The patterns of seismic heterogeneity in the mantle that would be returned reliably by a tomographic inversion are investigated. We construct synthetic data sets based on real ray sampling of the mantle by introducing spherical harmonic patterns of velocity heterogeneity and perform inversions of the synthetic data.

Pulliam, R.J.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Validation of Inverse Methods Applied to Forensic Analysis of Spent Fuel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inverse depletion/decay methods are useful tools for application to nuclear forensics. Previously, inverse methods were applied to the generic case of predicting the burnup, initial enrichment, and cooling time for selected spent nuclear fuels based on measured actinide and fission product concentrations. These existing measurements were not developed or optimized for use by these inverse techniques, and hence previous work demonstrated the prediction of only the fuel burnup, initial enrichment, and cooling time. Previously, nine spent fuel samples from an online data compilation were randomly selected for study. This work set out to demonstrate the full prediction capabilities using measured isotopic data, but with a more deliberate selection of fuel samples. The current approach is to evaluate nuclides within the same element to see if complementary information can be obtained in addition to the reactor burnup, enrichment, and cooling. Specifically, the reactor power and the fuel irradiation time values are desired to achieve the maximum prediction capabilities of these techniques.

Broadhead, Bryan L [ORNL; Weber, Charles F [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Three-Dimensional Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data on a PC, Methodology  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dimensional Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data on a PC, Methodology Dimensional Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data on a PC, Methodology and Applications to the Coso Geothermal Field Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Three-Dimensional Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data on a PC, Methodology and Applications to the Coso Geothermal Field Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We describe here efforts in technology development to invert magnetotelluric (MT) data collected in geothermal settings for three-dimensional resistivity models using desktop PC's or small clusters. A finite difference scheme is utilized for the forward problem, with various options to compute the parameter Jacobians, and parameter step estimates are defined using an explicit Gauss-Newton step. The paper

405

Ionic correlations at the nanoscale: inversion of selectivity in a bio-nanochannel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here we show, combining a simulation and theoretical study, that electrostatic correlations typical of multivalent ions can reverse the selectivity of a biological nanochannel. Our results provide a physical mechanism for a new, experimentally observed phenomenon, namely the inversion of the selectivity of a bacterial porin (the E. Coli OmpF) in presence of divalent and trivalent cations. Also, the differences and similarities between the driving force for this phenomenon and other similar nano and micro-escale electrokinetic effects (e.g. inversion of streaming current in silica nanochannels) are explored.

Marcel Aguilella-Arzo; Carles Calero; Jordi Faraudo

2010-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

406

On the ``inverse'' isotope effect in organic superconductors: New findings and implications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inverse deuterium isotope effect, previously found in K-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}CU(NCS){sub 2}, is also found in two other BEDT-TTF-based superconductors with different packing motifs and different types of anions. Remarkably, the magnitude of the isotope shift is essentially identical in all three superconductors, ca. +0.26 {+-} 0.06 K. These results, when taken together with the recent results of Lang et al. on the uniaxial pressure derivatives of T{sub c}, suggest that the inverse isotope effect may not have a direct relationship to the pairing mechanism but instead is a reflection of the change in the internal lattice pressure.

Kini, A. M.; Schlueter, J. A.; Ward, B. H.; Geiser, U. W.; Wang, H. H.

2000-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

407

Practical use of three-dimensional inverse method for compressor blade design  

SciTech Connect

The practical utility of a three-dimensional inverse viscous method is demonstrated by carrying out a design modification of a first-stage rotor in an industrial compressor. In this design modification study, the goal is to improve the efficiency of the original blade while retaining its overall aerodynamic, structural, and manufacturing characteristics. By employing a simple modification to the blade pressure loading distribution (which is the prescribed flow quantity in this inverse method), the modified blade geometry is predicted to perform better than the original design over a wide range of operating points, including an improvement in choke margin.

Damle, S.; Dang, T. [Syracuse Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace and Mfg. Engineering; Stringham, J.; Razinsky, E. [Solar Turbines, Inc., San Diego, CA (United States)

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Statistical method for resolving the photon-photoelectron-counting inversion problem  

SciTech Connect

A statistical inversion method is proposed for the photon-photoelectron-counting statistics in quantum key distribution experiment. With the statistical viewpoint, this problem is equivalent to the parameter estimation for an infinite binomial mixture model. The coarse-graining idea and Bayesian methods are applied to deal with this ill-posed problem, which is a good simple example to show the successful application of the statistical methods to the inverse problem. Numerical results show the applicability of the proposed strategy. The coarse-graining idea for the infinite mixture models should be general to be used in the future.

Wu Jinlong [LMAM and School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Li Tiejun, E-mail: tieli@pku.edu.c [LMAM and School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Peng, Xiang, E-mail: xiangpeng@pku.edu.c [CREAM Group, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks (Peking University) and Institute of Quantum Electronics, School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Guo Hong, E-mail: hongguo@pku.edu.c [CREAM Group, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks (Peking University) and Institute of Quantum Electronics, School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Thermal-hydraulic aspects of flow inversion in a research reactor  

SciTech Connect

PARET, a neutronics and thermal-hydraulics computer code, has been modified to account for natural convection in a reactor core. The code was then used to analyze the flow inversion that occurs in a reactor with heat removal by forced convection in the downward direction after a pump failure. Typical results are shown for a number of parameters. Research reactors normally operating much above ten MW are predicted to experience nucleate boiling in the event of a flow inversion. Comparison with experimental results from the Belgian BR2 reactor indicated general agreement although nucleate boiling that was analytically predicted was not noted in the BR2 data.

Smith, R.S.; Woodruff, W.L.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Final Scientific/Technical Report Grant title: Use of ARM Measurements of Spectral Zenith Radiance for Better Understanding of 3D Cloud-Radiation Processes and Aerosol-Cloud Interaction This is a collaborative project with the NASA GSFC project of Dr. A. Marshak and W. Wiscombe (PIs). This report covers BU activities from February 2011 to June 2011 and BU "Â?no-cost extension" activities from June 2011 to June 2012. This report summarizes results that complement a final technical report submitted by the PIs in 2011.  

SciTech Connect

Main results are summarized for work in these areas: spectrally-invariant approximation within atmospheric radiative transfer; spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths; seasonal changes in leaf area of Amazon forests from leaf flushing and abscission; and Cloud droplet size and liquid water path retrievals from zenith radiance measurements.

Knyazikhin, Y

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

411

Inverse Beta Decay in a Nonequilibrium Antineutrino Flux from a Nuclear Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evolution of the reactor antineutrino spectrum toward equilibrium above the inverse beta-decay threshold during the reactor operating period and the decay of residual antineutrino radiation after reactor shutdown are considered. It is found that, under certain conditions, these processes can play a significant role in experiments seeking neutrino oscillations.

V. I. Kopeikin; L. A. Mikaelyan; V. V. Sinev

2001-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

412

A Brief Comment on Post inversion formula for the Laplace transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we comment the Post inversion formula for Laplace transform, and its possible application to the branch of Analytic Number theory (Arithmetical functions, RH and PNT), involving a condition in the form of iterated limit to calculate the Riemann Hypothesis.

Jose Javier Garcia MOreta

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

413

From the Spectrum to Inflation: An Inverse Formula for the General Slow-Roll Spectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a general inverse formula for extracting inflationary parameters from the observed power spectrum of cosmological perturbations. Under the general slowroll scheme, which helps to probe the properties of inflation in a model independent way, we invert the leading order, single field, power spectrum formula. We also give some physically interesting examples to demonstrate its wide applicability and illuminate its properties.

Minu Joy; Ewan D. Stewart; Jinn-ouk Gong Hyun-chul Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Control of a high beta maneuvering reentry vehicle using dynamic inversion.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The design of flight control systems for high performance maneuvering reentry vehicles presents a significant challenge to the control systems designer. These vehicles typically have a much higher ballistic coefficient than crewed vehicles like as the Space Shuttle or proposed crew return vehicles such as the X-38. Moreover, the missions of high performance vehicles usually require a steeper reentry flight path angle, followed by a pull-out into level flight. These vehicles then must transit the entire atmosphere and robustly perform the maneuvers required for the mission. The vehicles must also be flown with small static margins in order to perform the required maneuvers, which can result in highly nonlinear aerodynamic characteristics that frequently transition from being aerodynamically stable to unstable as angle of attack increases. The control system design technique of dynamic inversion has been applied successfully to both high performance aircraft and low beta reentry vehicles. The objective of this study was to explore the application of this technique to high performance maneuvering reentry vehicles, including the basic derivation of the dynamic inversion technique, followed by the extension of that technique to the use of tabular trim aerodynamic models in the controller. The dynamic inversion equations are developed for high performance vehicles and augmented to allow the selection of a desired response for the control system. A six degree of freedom simulation is used to evaluate the performance of the dynamic inversion approach, and results for both nominal and off nominal aerodynamic characteristics are presented.

Watts, Alfred Chapman

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Retrieval Property of Associative Memory Based on Inverse Function Delayed Neural Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Self-connection can enlarge the memory capacity of an associative memory based on the neural network. However, the basin size of the embedded memory state shrinks. The problem of basin size is related to undesirable stable states which are spurious. ... Keywords: associative memory, inverse function delayed model, retrieval dynamics, basin of attraction, negative resistance

Hongge Li; Yoshihiro Hayakawa; Koji Nakajima

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Validation of statistical estimation of transmission loss in the presence of geoacoustic inversion uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, these sampled parameters are mapped to the transmission loss domain where a full multidimensional probability, exhaustive grid sampling was used to obtain the geoacoustic uncertainties and map these to the TL domainValidation of statistical estimation of transmission loss in the presence of geoacoustic inversion

Buckingham, Michael

417

Water Mass Conversion, Fluxes, and Mixing in the Scotia Sea Diagnosed by an Inverse Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An inverse box model of the Scotia Sea is constructed using hydrographic, tracer, and velocity data collected along the rim of the basin during the Antarctic Large-Scale Box Analysis and the Role of the Scotia Sea (ALBATROSS) cruise. The model ...

Alberto C. Naveira Garabato; David P. Stevens; Karen J. Heywood

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Lossy Electric Transmission Line Soft Fault Diagnosis: an Inverse Scattering Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Lossy Electric Transmission Line Soft Fault Diagnosis: an Inverse Scattering Approach Huaibin diagnosis is the reflectometry, which consists in analyzing the reflection and the transmission of electric Tang and Qinghua Zhang Abstract--In this paper, the diagnosis of soft faults in lossy electric

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

419

Method of sampling certain probability densities without inversion of their distribution functions  

SciTech Connect

A Monte Carlo device is described which bypasses the inversion x = p/sup -1/(r) involved in directly sampling the distribution P(x) of a stochastic variable x with given density p(x). The method is practical for all linear and a broad class of quadratic densities. (auth)

Everett, C.J.; Cashwell, E.D.; Turner, G.D.

1973-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

IMPROVED SEARCH OF PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS DATABASES FOR SPECTRO-POLARIMETRIC INVERSION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a simple technique for the acceleration of spectro-polarimetric inversions based on principal component analysis (PCA) of Stokes profiles. This technique involves the indexing of the database models based on the sign of the projections (PCA coefficients) of the first few relevant orders of principal components of the four Stokes parameters. In this way, each model in the database can be attributed a distinctive binary number of 2{sup 4n} bits, where n is the number of PCA orders used for the indexing. Each of these binary numbers (indices) identifies a group of ''compatible'' models for the inversion of a given set of observed Stokes profiles sharing the same index. The complete set of the binary numbers so constructed evidently determines a partition of the database. The search of the database for the PCA inversion of spectro-polarimetric data can profit greatly from this indexing. In practical cases it becomes possible to approach the ideal acceleration factor of 2{sup 4n} as compared to the systematic search of a non-indexed database for a traditional PCA inversion. This indexing method relies on the existence of a physical meaning in the sign of the PCA coefficients of a model. For this reason, the presence of model ambiguities and of spectro-polarimetric noise in the observations limits in practice the number n of relevant PCA orders that can be used for the indexing.

Casini, R.; Lites, B. W. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307-3000 (United States); Ramos, A. Asensio [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, c/Via Lactea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Ariste, A. Lopez [THEMIS, CNRS UPS 853, c/Via Lactea s/n, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Preparations for a high gradient inverse free electron laser experiment at Brookhaven national laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Preparations for an inverse free electron laser experiment at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Accelerator Test Facilty are presented. Details of the experimental setup including beam and laser transport optics are first discussed. Next, the driving laser pulse structure is investigated and initial diagnostics are explored and compared to simulations. Finally, planned improvements to the experimental setup are discussed.

Duris, J.; Li, R. K.; Musumeci, P.; Sakai, Y.; Threlkeld, E.; Williams, O.; Fedurin, M.; Kusche, K.; Pogorelsky, I.; Polyanskiy, M.; Yakimenko, V. [UCLA Department of Physics and Astronomy, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Accelerator Test Facility, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, 11973 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

422

Remote sensing of breaking wave phase speeds with application to non-linear depth inversions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote sensing of breaking wave phase speeds with application to non-linear depth inversions high-resolution remote sensing video and surface elevation records from fixed, in-situ wave gages. Wave phase speeds are extracted from the remote sensing data using a feature tracking technique, and local

Haller, Merrick

423

Convectivc Elements in the Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer. Part II: Entrainment at the Capping Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from two aircraft flights in the marine atmospheric boundary layer are analyzed in an investigation of entrainment processes at the top of the well-mixed layer. Both days had strong wind shear across the inversion, which is reflected in the ...

Siri Jodha Singh Khalsa; Gary K. Greenhut

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Stability analysis for the generalized Cohen-Grossberg neural networks with inverse Lipschitz neuron activations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, by using nonsmooth analysis approach, linear matrix inequality (LMI) technique, topological degree theory and Lyapunov-Krasovskii function method, the issue of global exponential stability is investigated for a class of generalized Cohen-Grossberg ... Keywords: Cohen-Grossberg neural networks, Global exponential stability, Inverse Lipschitz neuron activations, Linear matrix inequality, Nonsmooth behaved functions, Topological degree theory

Xiaobing Nie; Jinde Cao

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Low-Level Temperature Inversions of the Eurasian Arctic and Comparisons with Soviet Drifting Station Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal and regional variations in characteristics of the Arctic low-level temperature inversion are examined using up to 12 years of twice-daily rawinsonde data from 31 inland and coastal sites of the Eurasian Arctic and a total of nearly six ...

Mark C. Serreze; Russell C. Schnell; Jonathan D. Kahl

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Hardware generation of arbitrary random number distributions from uniform distributions via the inversion method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an automated methodology for producing hardware-based random number generator (RNG) designs for arbitrary distributions using the inverse cumulative distribution function (ICDF). The ICDF is evaluated via piecewise polynomial approximation ... Keywords: Chebyshev approximation and theory, algorithms implemented in hardware, automatic synthesis, computer arithmetic, elementary function approximation, error analysis, gate arrays, piecewise polynomial approximation

Ray C. C. Cheung; Dong-U Lee; Wayne Luk; John D. Villasenor

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Hysteresis Modeling and Inverse Feedforward Control of an AFM Piezoelectric Scanner Based on Nano Images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hysteresis Modeling and Inverse Feedforward Control of an AFM Piezoelectric Scanner Based on Nano of micro/nano technology. As a critical part of AFM system, the piezoelectric scanner exists many defects in this paper possess a good performance for AFM nano imaging. Index Terms-- Hysteresis modeling, feedforward

Li, Yangmin

428

SelInv---An Algorithm for Selected Inversion of a Sparse Symmetric Matrix  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe an efficient implementation of an algorithm for computing selected elements of a general sparse symmetric matrix A that can be decomposed as A = LDLT, where L is lower triangular and D is diagonal. Our implementation, ... Keywords: Electronic structure calculation, elimination tree, selected inversion, sparse LDLT factorization, supernodes

Lin Lin; Chao Yang; Juan C. Meza; Jianfeng Lu; Lexing Ying; Weinan E

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

On parameterization of the inverse problem for estimating aquifer properties using tracer data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for estimating aquifer properties using tracer data, Water Resour. Res., 48, W06535, doi:10.1029/2011WR011203. 1. However, the calibration of distributed ground- water models based on limited measurements is generally or smoothing in the property of interest, to make underdetermined inverse problems well posed [Yeh, 1986

Hubbard, Susan

430

Multi-dimensional electromagnetic modeling and inversion with application to near-surface earth investigations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical conductivity of the earth provides information about porosity, water saturation, salinity, clay content, and organic matter that cannot be duplicated by other geophysical methods of investigation. However, there is a complex relationship between ... Keywords: Electrical conductivity, Electromagnetics, Geophysics, Inversion, Modeling

Louise Pellerin; Philip E. Wannamaker

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

An integrated reception?plate inverse?force structure?borne noise source characterization test method.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An integrated reception?plate inverse?force method for vibration power and force transmitted from a mounted vibration source measurement has been prototyped and evaluated. The tests developed data to aid in understanding the repeatability and reproducibility of the method

Kevin H. Lai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Exponential instability in the inverse scattering problem on the energy interval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the inverse scattering problem on the energy interval in three dimensions. We are focused on stability and instability questions for this problem. In particular, we prove an exponential instability estimate which shows optimality of the logarithmic stability result of [Stefanov, 1990] (up to the value of the exponent).

Isaev, Mikhail

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Open-Ocean Modeling as an Inverse Problem: The Primitive Equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ill-posedness of regional primitive equation models is examined, using a regional shallow-water model. The ill-posedness is resolved by reformulation as a least-squares inverse problem, in the sense that the Euler-Lagrange or variational ...

Andrew F. Bennett; Boon S. Chua

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

1 Inverse Beta Decay in a Nonequilibrium Antineutrino Flux from a Nuclear Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evolution of the reactor antineutrino spectrum toward equilibrium above the inverse beta-decay threshold during the reactor operating period and the decay of residual Ż?e, radiation after reactor shutdown are considered. It is found that, under certain conditions, these processes can play a significant role in experiments seeking neutrino oscillations. 1.

V. I. Kopeikin A; L. A. Mikaelyan A; V. V. Sinev A

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Designing cyclic pressure pulsing in naturally fractured reservoirs using an inverse looking recurrent neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an inverse looking approach is presented to efficiently design cyclic pressure pulsing (huff 'n' puff) with N"2 and CO"2, which is an effective improved oil recovery method in naturally fractured reservoirs. A numerical flow simulation ... Keywords: Big Andy Field, CO2, Cyclic pressure pulsing, Huff 'n' puff, N2, Recurrent neural networks

E. Artun; T. Ertekin; R. Watson; B. Miller

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Structural fabric of the Palisades Monocline: a study of positive inversion, Grand Canyon, Arizona  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A field study of positive inversion is conducted to describe associated structural fabrics and to infer kinematic development of the Palisades Monocline, Grand Canyon, Arizona. These features are then compared to sand, clay and solid rock models of positive inversion to test model results and improve understanding of inversion processes. The N40W 90 oriented Palisades fault underlying the monocline has experienced northeast-southwest Precambrian extension and subsequent northeastsouthwest Laramide contraction. The magnitude of inversion is estimated to be 25% based on vertical offset across the fault, although this does not account for flexure or horizontal shortening. The preferred N50W 90 joint and vein orientation and N50W 68 NE and SW conjugate normal faults are consistent with the Palisades fault and northeastsouthwest extension. The N45E 90 joint orientation and approximately N40W 28 NE and SW conjugate thrust faults are consistent with northeast-southwest contraction. The deformation is characterized by three domains across the fault zone: 1) the hanging wall, 2) the footwall, and 3) an interior, fault-bounded zone between the hanging wall and footwall. Extensional features are preserved and dominate the hanging wall, contractional features define footwall deformation, and the interior, fault-bounded zone is marked by the co-existence of extensional and contractional features. Extension caused a master normal fault and hanging wall roll-over with distributed joints, veinsand normal faults. During inversion, contraction induced reverse reactivation of existing hanging wall faults, footwall folding and footwall thrust-faulting. Precambrian normal slip along the master normal fault and subsequent Laramide reverse slip along the new footwall bounding fault created an uplifted domain of relatively oldest strata between the hanging wall and footwall. Physical models of co-axial inversion suggest consistent development of the three domains of deformation described at the Palisades fault, however the models often require magnitudes of inversion greater than 50%. Although vertical block motion during horizontal compression is not predicted directly by the Mohr-Coulomb criterion, physical models and analytical solutions (incorporating Mohr- Coulomb criterion) suggest maximum stress trajectories and near vertical failure above high angle basement faults that compare favorably with the Palisades fault zone.

Orofino, James Cory

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Estimation of in-situ petrophysical properties from wireline formation tester and induction logging measurements: A joint inversion approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measurements: A joint inversion approach Faruk O. Alpak a, , Carlos Torres-Verdín a , Tarek M. Habashy b noise-free and noise-contaminated synthetic data. Joint inversion results provide a quantitative proof of measure- ments is jointly inverted to yield saturation-dependent functions. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All

Torres-VerdĂ­n, Carlos

438

User manual for INVICE 0.1-beta : a computer code for inverse analysis of isentropic compression experiments.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

INVICE (INVerse analysis of Isentropic Compression Experiments) is a FORTRAN computer code that implements the inverse finite-difference method to analyze velocity data from isentropic compression experiments. This report gives a brief description of the methods used and the options available in the first beta version of the code, as well as instructions for using the code.

Davis, Jean-Paul

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Feedback and imitation by a caregiver guides a virtual infant to learn native phonemes and the skill of speech inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite large-scale research, development of robust machines for imitation and inversion of human speech into articulatory movements has remained an unsolved problem. We propose a set of principles that can partially explain real infants' speech acquisition ... Keywords: ATP, Articulatory modeling, CG, CM, Caregiver feedback, DM, IM, Imitation, Language acquisition, LeVI, MFCC, Phonetic learning, Speech inversion, VQ

Heikki Rasilo, Okko RäSäNen, Unto K. Laine

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

High-resolution geostatistical inversion of a seismic data set acquired in a Gulf of Mexico gas reservoir.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-resolution geostatistical inversion of a seismic data set acquired in a Gulf of Mexico gas, UNOCAL Corporation Summary Geostatistical inversion is applied on a Gulf-of-Mexico, 3D post-stack seismic in this paper is located in the Gulf of Mexico, off the coast of Louisiana. Existing development wells reach two

Torres-VerdĂ­n, Carlos

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Comparing radiative and recoil corrections in neutron beta-decay and inverse beta-decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The inverse $\\beta$-decay reaction, anti-nu_e + p --> e^+ + n, for low-energy anti-neutrinos coming from nuclear reactors is of great current interest in connection with high-precision measurements of the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$. We have previously derived analytic expressions, up to next-to-leading order in heavy-baryon chiral perturbation theory, for the radiative corrections (RCs) and the nucleon-recoil corrections both for this reaction and for the related neutron $\\beta$-decay process. We investigate here the numerical consequences of these analytic expressions. We show that the recoil corrections are small for neutron $\\beta$-decay, but for inverse $\\beta$-decay, the recoil corrections are comparable in size to the RCs for typical energies of reactor anti-neutrinos, and they have opposite signs. It turns out that the RCs and the recoil corrections exhibit very different dependences on the neutrino energy.

Raha, U; Kubodera, K

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

3-D Inversion Of Borehole-To-Surface Electrical Data Using A  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » 3-D Inversion Of Borehole-To-Surface Electrical Data Using A Back-Propagation Neural Network Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 3-D Inversion Of Borehole-To-Surface Electrical Data Using A Back-Propagation Neural Network Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The "fluid-flow tomography", an advanced technique for geoelectrical survey based on the conventional mise-a-la-masse measurement, has been developed by Exploration Geophysics Laboratory at the Kyushu University. This technique is proposed to monitor fluid-flow behavior

443

Enhanced mu-e conversion in nuclei in the inverse seesaw model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate nuclear mu-e conversion in the framework of an effective Lagrangian arising from the inverse seesaw model of neutrino masses. We consider lepton flavour violation interactions that arise from short range (non-photonic) as well as long range (photonic) contributions. Upper bounds for the LFV parameters characterizing mu-e conversion are derived in the inverse seesaw model Lagrangian using the available limits on the mu-e conversion branching ratio, as well as the expected sensitivities of upcoming experiments. We comment on the relative importance of these two types of contributions and their relationship with the measured solar neutrino mixing angle theta_12 and the dependence on theta_13. Finally we show how the LFV mu-e conversion and the mu -> e gamma rates are strongly correlated in this model.

F. Deppisch; T. S. Kosmas; J. W. F. Valle

2005-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

444

Internal wave inversions for one year of Pioneer–Hawaii ATOC transmissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ATOC experiment transmitted 75?Hz signals from Pioneer Seamount off the coast of California to a vertical line array (VLA) off Hawaii. The combination of VLA and long?range propagation provides the opportunity to perform mode?based internal wave tomography. Each arrival is mode?filtered and the statistics of the mode arrivals are tabulated. These individual mode arrival time (centroid) and spread are then compared with calculated mode statistics from broadband PE modeling of the propagation path. In this manner a statistically robust inversion for the internal wave strength is performed. The weakness of the inversion is the sensitivity to the bottom scattering near the source. Results for one year of data will be presented for two different bottom types. The long?scale time series may indicate possible sources of internal waves in the ocean. Small time scale variations may be attributable to internal tides. a)The ATOC Group: A. B. Baggeroer

Kevin D. Heaney; ATOC Group

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Combining asteroid models derived by lightcurve inversion with asteroidal occultation silhouettes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asteroid sizes can be directly measured by observing occultations of stars by asteroids. When there are enough observations across the path of the shadow, the asteroid's projected silhouette can be reconstructed. Asteroid shape models derived from photometry by the lightcurve inversion method enable us to predict the orientation of an asteroid for the time of occultation. By scaling the shape model to fit the occultation chords, we can determine the asteroid size with a relative accuracy of typically ~ 10%. We combine shape and spin state models of 44 asteroids (14 of them are new or updated models) with the available occultation data to derive asteroid effective diameters. In many cases, occultations allow us to reject one of two possible pole solutions that were derived from photometry. We show that by combining results obtained from lightcurve inversion with occultation timings, we can obtain unique physical models of asteroids.

Durech, Josef; Herald, David; Dunham, David; Timerson, Brad; Hanus, Josef; Frappa, Eric; Talbot, John; Hayamizu, Tsutomu; Warner, Brian D; Pilcher, Frederick; Galad, Adrian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Coevolution of inverse cascade and nonlinear heat front in shear flows of strongly coupled Yukawa liquids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we report on the development and propagation of a nonlinear heat front in parallel shear flows of a strongly coupled Yukawa liquid. At a given coupling strength, a subsonic shear profile is superposed on an equilibrated Yukawa liquid and Kelvin Helmholtz (KH) instability is observed. Coherent vortices are seen to emerge towards the nonlinear regime of the instability. It is seen that while inverse cascade leads to a continuous transfer of flow energy towards the largest scales, there is also a simultaneous transfer of flow energy into the thermal velocities of grains at the smallest scale. The latter is an effect of velocity shear and thus leads to the generation of a nonlinear heat front. In the linear regime, the heat front is seen to propagate at speed much lesser than the adiabatic sound speed of the liquid. Spatio-temporal growth of this heat front occurs concurrently with the inverse cascade of KH modes.

Ashwin, J.; Ganesh, R. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat (India)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

Experimental Observation of the Inverse Spin Hall Effect at Room Temperature  

SciTech Connect

We observe the inverse spin Hall effect in a two-dimensional electron gas confined in Al-GaAs/InGaAs quantum wells. Specifically, they find that an inhomogeneous spin density induced by the optical injection gives rise to an electric current transverse to both the spin polarization and its gradient. The spin Hall conductivity can be inferred from such a measurement through the Einstein relation and the onsager relation, and is found to have the order of magnitude of 0.5(e{sup 2}/h). The observation is made at the room temperature and in samples with macroscopic sizes, suggesting that the inverse spin Hall effects is a robust macroscopic transport phenomenon.

Liu, Baoli; Shi, Junren; Wang, Wenxin; Zhao, Hongming; Li, Dafang; /Beijing, Inst. Phys.; Zhang, Shoucheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Xue, Qikun; Chen, Dongmin; /Beijing, Inst. Phys.

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

448

SOUND-SPEED INVERSION OF THE SUN USING A NONLOCAL STATISTICAL CONVECTION THEORY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Helioseismic inversions reveal a major discrepancy in sound speed between the Sun and the standard solar model just below the base of the solar convection zone. We demonstrate that this discrepancy is caused by the inherent shortcomings of the local mixing-length theory adopted in the standard solar model. Using a self-consistent nonlocal convection theory, we construct an envelope model of the Sun for sound-speed inversion. Our solar model has a very smooth transition from the convective envelope to the radiative interior, and the convective energy flux changes sign crossing the boundaries of the convection zone. It shows evident improvement over the standard solar model, with a significant reduction in the discrepancy in sound speed between the Sun and local convection models.

Zhang Chunguang; Deng Licai [Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China); Xiong Darun [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China); Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jorgen, E-mail: cgzhang@nao.cas.cn [Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Strategy for the inversion of Hinode spectropolarimetric measurements in the quiet Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we propose an inversion strategy for the analysis of spectropolarimetric measurements taken by {\\em Hinode} in the quiet Sun. The spectropolarimeter of the Solar Optical Telescope aboard {\\em Hinode} records the Stokes spectra of the \\ion{Fe}{i} line pair at 630.2 nm with unprecendented angular resolution, high spectral resolution, and high sensitivity. We discuss the need to consider a {\\em local} stray-light contamination to account for the effects of telescope diffraction. The strategy is applied to observations of a wide quiet Sun area at disk center. Using these data we examine the influence of noise and initial guess models in the inversion results. Our analysis yields the distributions of magnetic field strengths and stray-light factors. They show that quiet Sun internetwork regions consist mainly of hG fields with stray-light contaminations of about 0.8.

D. Orozco Suarez; L. R. Bellot Rubio; J. C. del Toro Iniesta; S. Tsuneta; B. W. Lites; K. Ichimoto; Y. Katsukawa; S. Nagata; T. Shimizu; R. A. Shine; Y. Suematsu; T. D. Tarbell; A. M. Title

2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

450

Universal inverse power-law distribution for temperature and rainfall in the UK region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meteorological parameters, such as temperature, rainfall, pressure etc., exhibit selfsimilar space-time fractal fluctuations generic to dynamical systems in nature such as fluid flows, spread of forest fires, earthquakes, etc. The power spectra of fractal fluctuations display inverse power-law form signifying long-range correlations. The author has developed a general systems theory which predicts universal inverse power-law form incorporating the golden mean for the fractal fluctuations of all size scales, i.e., small, large and extreme values. The model predicted distribution is in close agreement with observed fractal fluctuations in the historic month-wise temperature (maximum and minimum) and rainfall in the UK region. The present study suggests that fractal fluctuations result from the superimposition of an eddy continuum fluctuations. The observed extreme values result from superimposition of maxima (or minima) of dominant eddies (waves) in the eddy continuum.

A. M. Selvam

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

451

Comparing radiative and recoil corrections in neutron beta-decay and inverse beta-decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The inverse $\\beta$-decay reaction, anti-nu_e + p --> e^+ + n, for low-energy anti-neutrinos coming from nuclear reactors is of great current interest in connection with high-precision measurements of the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$. We have previously derived analytic expressions, up to next-to-leading order in heavy-baryon chiral perturbation theory, for the radiative corrections (RCs) and the nucleon-recoil corrections both for this reaction and for the related neutron $\\beta$-decay process. We investigate here the numerical consequences of these analytic expressions. We show that the recoil corrections are small for neutron $\\beta$-decay, but for inverse $\\beta$-decay, the recoil corrections are comparable in size to the RCs for typical energies of reactor anti-neutrinos, and they have opposite signs. It turns out that the RCs and the recoil corrections exhibit very different dependences on the neutrino energy.

U. Raha; F. Myhrer; K. Kubodera

2012-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

452

Inverse Load Calculation of Wind Turbine Support Structures - A Numerical Verification Using the Comprehensive Simulation Code FAST: Preprint (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Physically measuring the dynamic responses of wind turbine support structures enables the calculation of the applied loads using an inverse procedure. In this process, inverse means deriving the inputs/forces from the outputs/responses. This paper presents results of a numerical verification of such an inverse load calculation. For this verification, the comprehensive simulation code FAST is used. FAST accounts for the coupled dynamics of wind inflow, aerodynamics, elasticity and turbine controls. Simulations are run using a 5-MW onshore wind turbine model with a tubular tower. Both the applied loads due to the instantaneous wind field and the resulting system responses are known from the simulations. Using the system responses as inputs to the inverse calculation, the applied loads are calculated, which in this case are the rotor thrust forces. These forces are compared to the rotor thrust forces known from the FAST simulations. The results of these comparisons are presented to assess the accuracy of the inverse calculation. To study the influences of turbine controls, load cases in normal operation between cut-in and rated wind speed, near rated wind speed and between rated and cut-out wind speed are chosen. The presented study shows that the inverse load calculation is capable of computing very good estimates of the rotor thrust. The accuracy of the inverse calculation does not depend on the control activity of the wind turbine.

Pahn, T.; Jonkman, J.; Rolges, R.; Robertson, A.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Final Report: Improved Site Characterization And Storage Prediction Through Stochastic Inversion Of Time-Lapse Geophysical And Geochemical Data  

SciTech Connect

During the last months of this project, our project activities have concentrated on four areas: (1) performing a stochastic inversion of pattern 16 seismic data to deduce reservoir bulk/shear moduli and density; the need for this inversion was not anticipated in the original scope of work, (2) performing a stochastic inversion of pattern 16 seismic data to deduce reservoir porosity and permeability, (3) complete the software needed to perform geochemical inversions and (4) use the software to perform stochastic inversion of aqueous chemistry data to deduce mineral volume fractions. This report builds on work described in progress reports previously submitted (Ramirez et al., 2009, 2010, 2011 - reports fulfilled the requirements of deliverables D1-D4) and fulfills deliverable D5: Field-based single-pattern simulations work product. The main challenge with our stochastic inversion approach is its large computational expense, even for single reservoir patterns. We dedicated a significant level of effort to improve computational efficiency but inversions involving multiple patterns were still intractable by project's end. As a result, we were unable to fulfill Deliverable D6: Field-based multi-pattern simulations work product.

Ramirez, A; Mcnab, W; Hao, Y; White, D; Johnson, J

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

454

Three-dimensional gravity modeling and focusing inversion using rectangular meshes.  

SciTech Connect

Rectangular grid cells are commonly used for the geophysical modeling of gravity anomalies, owing to their flexibility in constructing complex models. The straightforward handling of cubic cells in gravity inversion algorithms allows for a flexible imposition of model regularization constraints, which are generally essential in the inversion of static potential field data. The first part of this paper provides a review of commonly used expressions for calculating the gravity of a right polygonal prism, both for gravity and gradiometry, where the formulas of Plouff and Forsberg are adapted. The formulas can be cast into general forms practical for implementation. In the second part, a weighting scheme for resolution enhancement at depth is presented. Modelling the earth using highly digitized meshes, depth weighting schemes are typically applied to the model objective functional, subject to minimizing the data misfit. The scheme proposed here involves a non-linear conjugate gradient inversion scheme with a weighting function applied to the non-linear conjugate gradient scheme's gradient vector of the objective functional. The low depth resolution due to the quick decay of the gravity kernel functions is counteracted by suppressing the search directions in the parameter space that would lead to near-surface concentrations of gravity anomalies. Further, a density parameter transformation function enabling the imposition of lower and upper bounding constraints is employed. Using synthetic data from models of varying complexity and a field data set, it is demonstrated that, given an adequate depth weighting function, the gravity inversion in the transform space can recover geologically meaningful models requiring a minimum of prior information and user interaction.

Commer, M.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Extended Grimus-Stockinger theorem and inverse square law violation in quantum field theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study higher-order corrections to the Grimus-Stockinger theorem dealing with the large-distance asymptotic behavior of the wave-packet modified neutrino propagator within the framework of field-theoretical description of the neutrino oscillation phenomenon. We discuss the possibility that these corrections are responsible for breakdown of the classical inverse-square law (ISL) at the macroscopic distances. In particular the ISL violation can be an explanation of the well-known reactor antineutrino anomaly.

Naumov, Vadim A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Extended Grimus-Stockinger theorem and inverse square law violation in quantum field theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study higher-order corrections to the Grimus-Stockinger theorem dealing with the large-distance asymptotic behavior of the wave-packet modified neutrino propagator within the framework of field-theoretical description of the neutrino oscillation phenomenon. We discuss the possibility that these corrections are responsible for breakdown of the classical inverse-square law (ISL) at the macroscopic distances. In particular the ISL violation can be an explanation of the well-known reactor antineutrino anomaly.

Vadim A. Naumov; Dmitry S. Shkirmanov

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

457

Inverse spectral problems for energy-dependent Sturm-Liouville equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the inverse spectral problem of reconstructing energy-dependent Sturm-Liouville equations from their Dirichlet spectra and sequences of the norming constants. For the class of problems under consideration, we give a complete description of the corresponding spectral data, suggest a reconstruction algorithm, and establish uniqueness of reconstruction. The approach is based on connection between spectral problems for energy-dependent Sturm-Liouville equations and for Dirac operators of special form.

Hryniv, Rostyslav

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Inverse scattering at fixed energy for the multidimensional Newton equation in short range radial potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the inverse scattering problem at fixed and sufficiently large energy for the nonrelativistic and relativistic Newton equation in $\\R^n$, $n \\ge 2$, with a smooth and short range electromagnetic field $(V,B)$. Using results of [Firsov, 1953] or [Keller-Kay-Shmoys, 1956] we obtain a uniqueness result when $B$ is assumed to be zero in a neighborhood of infinity and $V$ is assumed to be spherically symmetric in a neighborhood of infinity.

Alexandre Jollivet

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

459

Documentation and analysis of the Schlumberger interactive 1-D inversion program slumb  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This computer program is designed to accept field data from a Schlumberger resistivity array and invert it in terms of a one-dimensional layered geoelectrical model. Because the inverse problem is non-linear, an initial guess model is required. This input model can be obtained by traditional curve matching, or by repeated use of a forward algorithm. This program was written in FORTRAN V and developed on a UNIVAC 1108 computer.

Sandberg, S.

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

TIME-LAPSE SEISMIC MODELING & INVERSION OF CO2 SATURATION FOR SEQUESTRATION AND ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY  

SciTech Connect

Injection of carbon dioxide (CO2) into subsurface aquifers for geologic storage/sequestration, and into subsurface hydrocarbon reservoirs for enhanced oil recovery, has become an important topic to the nation because of growing concerns related to global warming and energy security. In this project we developed new ways to predict and quantify the effects of CO2 on seismic data recorded over porous reservoir/aquifer rock systems. This effort involved the research and development of new technology to: (1) Quantitatively model the rock physics effects of CO2 injection in porous saline and oil/brine reservoirs (both miscible and immiscible). (2) Quantitatively model the seismic response to CO2 injection (both miscible and immiscible) from well logs (1D). (3) Perform quantitative inversions of time-lapse 4D seismic data to estimate injected CO2 distributions within subsurface reservoirs and aquifers. This work has resulted in an improved ability to remotely monitor the injected CO2 for safe storage and enhanced hydrocarbon recovery, predict the effects of CO2 on time-lapse seismic data, and estimate injected CO2 saturation distributions in subsurface aquifers/reservoirs. We applied our inversion methodology to a 3D time-lapse seismic dataset from the Sleipner CO2 sequestration project, Norwegian North Sea. We measured changes in the seismic amplitude and traveltime at the top of the Sleipner sandstone reservoir and used these time-lapse seismic attributes in the inversion. Maps of CO2 thickness and its standard deviation were generated for the topmost layer. From this information, we estimated that 7.4% of the total CO2 injected over a five-year period had reached the top of the reservoir. This inversion approach could also be applied to the remaining levels within the anomalous zone to obtain an estimate of the total CO2 injected.

Mark A. Meadows

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radiance inversions subsystem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Robust inverse scattering full waveform seismic tomography for imaging complex structure  

SciTech Connect

Seismic tomography becomes important tool recently for imaging complex subsurface. It is well known that imaging complex rich fault zone is difficult. In this paper, The application of time domain inverse scattering wave tomography to image the complex fault zone would be shown on this paper, especially an efficient time domain inverse scattering tomography and their run in cluster parallel computer which has been developed. This algorithm is purely based on scattering theory through solving Lippmann Schwienger integral by using Born's approximation. In this paper, it is shown the robustness of this algorithm especially in avoiding the inversion trapped in local minimum to reach global minimum. A large data are solved by windowing and blocking technique of memory as well as computation. Parameter of windowing computation is based on shot gather's aperture. This windowing technique reduces memory as well as computation significantly. This parallel algorithm is done by means cluster system of 120 processors from 20 nodes of AMD Phenom II. Benchmarking of this algorithm is done by means Marmoussi model which can be representative of complex rich fault area. It is shown that the proposed method can image clearly the rich fault and complex zone in Marmoussi model even though the initial model is quite far from the true model. Therefore, this method can be as one of solution to image the very complex mode.

Nurhandoko, Bagus Endar B.; Sukmana, Indriani; Wibowo, Satryo; Deny, Agus; Kurniadi, Rizal; Widowati, Sri; Mubarok, Syahrul; Susilowati; Kaswandhi [Wave Inversion and Subsurface Fluid Imaging Research (WISFIR) Lab., Complex System Research Division, Physics Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung. and Rock Fluid Imaging Lab., Rock Physics and Cluster C (Indonesia); Rock Fluid Imaging Lab., Rock Physics and Cluster Computing Center, Bandung (Indonesia); Physics Department of Institut Teknologi Bandung (Indonesia); Rock Fluid Imaging Lab., Rock Physics and Cluster Computing Center, Bandung, Indonesia and Institut Teknologi Telkom, Bandung (Indonesia); Rock Fluid Imaging Lab., Rock Physics and Cluster Computing Center, Bandung (Indonesia)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

462

Design of semiconductor heterostructures with preset electron reflectance by inverse scattering techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the application of the inverse scattering method to the design of semiconductor heterostructures having a preset dependence of the (conduction) electrons' reflectance on the energy. The electron dynamics are described by either the effective mass Schr\\"odinger, or by the (variable mass) BenDaniel and Duke equations. The problem of phase (re)construction for the complex transmission and reflection coefficients is solved by a combination of Pad\\'e approximant techniques, obtaining reference solutions with simple analytic properties. Reflectance-preserving transformations allow bound state and reflection resonance management. The inverse scattering problem for the Schroedinger equation is solved using an algebraic approach due to Sabatier. This solution can be mapped unitarily onto a family of BenDaniel and Duke type equations. The boundary value problem for the nonlinear equation which determines the mapping is discussed in some detail. The chemical concentration profile of heterostructures whose self consistent potential yields the desired reflectance is solved completely in the case of Schroedinger dynamics and approximately for Ben-Daniel and Duke dynamics. The Appendix contains a brief digest of results from scattering and inverse scattering theory for the one-dimensional Schroedinger equation which are used in the paper.

Daniel Bessis; G. Andrei Mezincescu

1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

463

A Numerical Study of Inversion-Layer Breakup and the Effects of Topographic Shading in Idealized Valleys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations of inversion-layer breakup in idealized steep valleys are performed using the Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) to investigate the effects of valley width and depth, and topographic shade. Simulations of the diurnal ...

Augustin Colette; Fotini Katopodes Chow; Robert L. Street

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

A Direct Inverse Method for Inferring Open Boundary Conditions of a Finite-Element Linear Harmonic Ocean Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A direct inverse method is presented for inferring numerical model open boundary conditions from interior observational data. The dynamical context of the method is the frequency-domain 3D linear shallow water equations. A set of weight matrices ...

Zhigang Xu

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

The Subpolar Front of the Japan/East Sea. Part II: Inverse Method for Determining the Frontal Vertical Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An inverse method for inferring vertical velocities from high-resolution hydrographic/velocity surveys is formulated and applied to observations collected at the subpolar front of the Japan/East Sea (JES) taken during several cold-air outbreaks. ...

Leif N. Thomas; Craig M. Lee; Yutaka Yoshikawa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

The North Atlantic Circulation in the Early 1980s-An Estimate from Inversion of a Finite-Difference Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A finite-difference model of the North Atlantic is constructed for the purpose Of making an estimate of the circulation through an inverse calculation. The database is eclectic, and includes hydrography, oxygen, nutrients current meter and float ...

Françoise Martel; Carl Wunsch

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Multidataset Study of Optimal Parameter and Uncertainty Estimation of a Land Surface Model with Bayesian Stochastic Inversion and Multicriteria Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates the ability of Bayesian stochastic inversion (BSI) and multicriteria (MC) methods to search for the optimal parameter sets of the Chameleon Surface Model (CHASM) using prescribed forcing to simulate observed sensible and ...

Youlong Xia; Mrinal K. Sen; Charles S. Jackson; Paul L. Stoffa

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Decadal Predictability of the Atlantic Ocean in a Coupled GCM: Forecast Skill and Optimal Perturbations Using Linear Inverse Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The decadal predictability of three-dimensional Atlantic Ocean anomalies is examined in a coupled global climate model [the third climate configuration of the Met Office Unified Model (HadCM3)] using a linear inverse modeling (LIM) approach. It ...

Ed Hawkins; Rowan Sutton

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Pilot Study of Methods to Decrease Measurement Errors of Tropospheric Inversions by Ground-Based Microwave Radiometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results of radiometer temperature profile simulations are analyzed in order to examine the hypothesis that knowledge of temperature inversion parameters obtained from other instruments would substantially improve the accuracy of radiometric ...

Patricia A. Miller; Michael J. Falls

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Mesoscale (50–100 km) Circulations Revealed by Inverse and Classical Analysis of the JASIN Hydrographic Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inverse analysis (Wunsch, 1978) has been applied to two 10-day surveys of an area 15 km consisting of nearly 100 CTD stations, in order to determine the velocity field with a horizontal resolution of 45 km.

R. T. Pollard

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

The Morning Inversion Near the Ground and Its Daytime Transition at Two Rural Sites in the Carolinas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Six years of tower data from two dissimilar sites in the eastern piedmont of the Carolinas are analyzed to yield a selective climatology of the lower portion of the morning inversion. Its transition to daytime conditions is then described and ...

Allen J. Riordan; Jerry M. Davis; Raymond B. Kiess

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Wind Tunnel Study of Turbulent Flow Structure in the Convective Boundary Layer Capped by a Temperature Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments on simulating the atmospheric convective boundary layer (CBL), capped by a temperature inversion and affected by surface shear, were carried out in the thermally stratified wind tunnel of the Institute of Hydrology and Water Resources,...

Evgeni Fedorovich; Rolf Kaiser; Matthias Rau; Erich Plate

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Application of a Direct Inverse Data Assimilation Method to the M2 Tide on the Newfoundland and Southern Labrador Shelves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The barotropic M2 tide over the Newfoundland and southern Labrador Shelves and adjacent deep ocean is studied using a linear harmonic finite-element model and a newly developed direct inverse method for data assimilation. The dataset includes ...

Zhigang Xu; Ross M. Hendry; John W. Loder

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Fast MCMC sampling for sparse Bayesian inference in high-dimensional inverse problems using L1-type priors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sparsity has become a key concept for solving of high-dimensional inverse problems using variational regularization techniques. Recently, using similar sparsity-constraints in the Bayesian framework for inverse problems by encoding them in the prior distribution has attracted attention. Important questions about the relation between regularization theory and Bayesian inference still need to be addressed when using sparsity promoting inversion. A practical obstacle for these examinations is the lack of fast posterior sampling algorithms for sparse, high-dimensional Bayesian inversion: Accessing the full range of Bayesian inference methods requires being able to draw samples from the posterior probability distribution in a fast and efficient way. The most commonly applied Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) sampling algorithms for this purpose are Metropolis-Hastings (MH) schemes. However, we demonstrate in this article that for sparse priors relying on L1-norms, their efficiency dramatically decreases when the lev...

Lucka, Felix

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Rapid and Efficient cDNA Library Screening by Self-Ligation of Inverse PCR Products (SLIP)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an arrayed cDNA library by PCR. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA,polymerase chain reaction (RT–PCR) as a sensitive and rapidA.Y. (2003) Use of inverse PCR to clone cDNA ends. Methods

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Use of a Neurovariational Inversion for Retrieving Oceanic and Atmospheric Constituents from Ocean Color Imagery: A Feasibility Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a neurovariational method for inverting satellite ocean-color signals. The method is based on a combination of neural networks and classical variational inversion. The radiative transfer equations are modeled by neural ...

C. Jamet; S. Thiria; C. Moulin; M. Crepon

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Timing and Tectonic implications of basin inversion in the Nam Con Son Basin and adjacent areas, southern South China Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Nam Con Son (NCS) Basin, located offshore of SE Vietnam, is one of several Tertiary rift basins that formed during initial Eocene(?)-Oligocene rifting. Following cessation of rifting at the end of Oligocene time, these basins were subjected to spatially and temporally variable, complex inversion events during Miocene time. Fault orientations on inversion structures in the West Natuna Basin and the Western NCSB closely parallel the western side of the Natuna Arch, which may have served as a regional "buttress" where stress was concentrated and strain was deflected from Early to Late Miocene time. Early to Middle Miocene basin inversion across the Western NCSB was coincident with the most intense phase of basin inversion in the West Natuna and Malay basins. Contraction in the Western NCS, West Natuna, and Malay basins was accommodated through reactivation of major basin-bounding fault systems that resulted in asymmetric fault-bend folding of syn- and early post-rift strata. Inversion of western Sunda Shelf basins progressed from the West Natuna and Western Nam Con Son basins into the southern Malay Basin from Early to Middle Miocene time. The most intense inversion was recorded in the West Natuna Basin during Early Miocene time with regional uplift of the southern Malay and West Natuna basins during Middle Miocene time. Whereas both the Eastern and Western NCS sub-basins experienced fault reactivation during Miocene time, the timing and styles of inversion are different. Unlike the Western NCSB, the Eastern NCSB experienced only mild positive reactivation of pre-existing synthetic and antithetic hanging-wall faults, causing simple amplification of pre-existing rollover in the hanging-wall fill during Middle Miocene time. Basin inversion of the West Natuna, Western Nam Con Son, and Malay basins is attributed to collision-induced clockwise rotation of Borneo and the attached, rigid Natuna Arch and Natuna Basement Ridge, beginning during Early Miocene time. This accounts for: 1) the south to north progression of inversion from Early to Late Miocene time, 2) magnitudes of inversion documented within each basin, 3) the suggested NW-SE orientation of []?,4) the approximately N-S azimuth of compression that caused observed styles of inversion to form.

Olson, Christopher Charles

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Acoustic impedance inversion of the Lower Permian carbonate buildups in the Permian Basin, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbonate reservoirs are usually diffcult to map and identify in seismic sections due to their complex structure, lithology and diagenetic frabrics. The Midland Basin, located in the Permian Basin of West Texas, is an excellent example of these complex carbonate structures. In order to obtain a better characterization and imaging of the carbonate buildups, an acoustic impedance inversion is proposed here. The resolution of the acoustic impedance is the same as the input seismic data, which is greatly improved with the addition of the low frequency content extracted from well data. From the broadband volume, high resolution maps of acoustic impedance distributions were obtained, and therefore the locations of carbonate buildups were easily determined. A correlation between acoustic impedance and porosity extracted from well data shows that areas with high acoustic impedance were correlated with low porosity values, whereas high porosities were located in areas of low acoustic impedance. Theoretical analyses were performed using the time-average equation and the Gassmann equation. These theoretical models helped to understand how porosity distributions affect acoustic impedance. Both equations predicted a decrease in acoustic impedance as porosity increases. Inversion results showed that average porosity values are 5% [plus or minus] 5%, typical for densely cemented rocks. Previous studies done in the study area indicate that grains are moderately to well-sorted. This suggests that time-average approximation will overestimate porosity values and the Gassmann approach better predicts the measured data. A comparison between measured data and the Gassmann equation suggests that rocks with low porosities (less than 5%) tend to have high acoustic impedance values. On the other hand, rocks with higher porosities (5% to 10%) have lower acoustic impedance values. The inversion performed on well data also shows that the ?uid bulk modulus for currently producing wells is lower than in non-productive wells, (wells with low production rates for brine and hydrocarbons), which is consistent with pore ?uids containing a larger concentration of oil. The acoustic impedance inversion was demonstrated to be a robust technique for mapping complex structures and estimating porosities as well. However, it is not capable of differentiating different types of carbonate buildups and their origin.

Pablo, Buenafama Aleman

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Final Version: Orbital Specificity in the Unoccupied States of UO2 from Resonant Inverse Photoelectron Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

One of the crucial questions of all actinide electronic structure determinations is the issue of 5f versus 6d character and the distribution of these components across the density of states. Here, a break-though experiment is discussed, which has allowed the direct determination of the U5f and U6d contributions to the unoccupied density of states (UDOS) in Uranium Dioxide. A novel Resonant Inverse Photoelectron (RIPES) and X-ray Emission Spectroscopy (XES) investigation of UO{sub 2} is presented. It is shown that the U5f and U6d components are isolated and identified unambiguously.

Tobin, J G; Yu, S W

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

480

Entropy-Bayesian Inversion of Time-Lapse Tomographic GPR data for Monitoring Dielectric Permittivity and Soil Moisture Variations  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we evaluate the possibility of monitoring soil moisture variation using tomographic ground penetrating radar travel time data through Bayesian inversion, which is integrated with entropy memory function and pilot point concepts, as well as efficient sampling approaches. It is critical to accurately estimate soil moisture content and variations in vadose zone studies. Many studies have illustrated the promise and value of GPR tomographic data for estimating soil moisture and associated changes, however, challenges still exist in the inversion of GPR tomographic data in a manner that quantifies input and predictive uncertainty, incorporates multiple data types, handles non-uniqueness and nonlinearity, and honors time-lapse tomograms collected in a series. To address these challenges, we develop a minimum relative entropy (MRE)-Bayesian based inverse modeling framework that non-subjectively defines prior probabilities, incorporates information from multiple sources, and quantifies uncertainty. The framework enables us to estimate dielectric permittivity at pilot point locations distributed within the tomogram, as well as the spatial correlation range. In the inversion framework, MRE is first used to derive prior probability distribution functions (pdfs) of dielectric permittivity based on prior information obtained from a straight-ray GPR inversion. The probability distributions are then sampled using a Quasi-Monte Carlo (QMC) approach, and the sample sets provide inputs to a sequential Gaussian simulation (SGSim) algorithm that constructs a highly resolved permittivity/velocity field for evaluation with a curved-ray GPR forward model. The likelihood functions are computed as a function of misfits, and posterior pdfs are constructed using a Gaussian kernel. Inversion of subsequent time-lapse datasets combines the Bayesian estimates from the previous inversion (as a memory function) with new data. The memory function and pilot point design takes advantage of the spatial-temporal correlation of the state variables. We first apply the inversion framework to a static synthetic example and then to a time-lapse GPR tomographic dataset collected during a dynamic experiment conducted at the Hanford Site in Richland, WA. We demonstrate that the MRE-Bayesian inversion enables us to merge various data types, quantify uncertainty, evaluate nonlinear models, and produce more detailed and better resolved estimates than straight-ray based inversion; therefore, it has the potential to improve estimates of inter-wellbore dielectric permittivity and soil moisture content and to monitor their temporal dynamics more accurately.

Hou, Z; Terry, N; Hubbard, S S; Csatho, B

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Entropy-Bayesian Inversion of Time-Lapse Tomographic GPR data for Monitoring Dielectric Permittivity and Soil Moisture Variations  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we evaluate the possibility of monitoring soil moisture variation using tomographic ground penetrating radar travel time data through Bayesian inversion, which is integrated with entropy memory function and pilot point concepts, as well as efficient sampling approaches. It is critical to accurately estimate soil moisture content and variations in vadose zone studies. Many studies have illustrated the promise and value of GPR tomographic data for estimating soil moisture and associated changes, however, challenges still exist in the inversion of GPR tomographic data in a manner that quantifies input and predictive uncertainty, incorporates multiple data types, handles non-uniqueness and nonlinearity, and honors time-lapse tomograms collected in a series. To address these challenges, we develop a minimum relative entropy (MRE)-Bayesian based inverse modeling framework that non-subjectively defines prior probabilities, incorporates information from multiple sources, and quantifies uncertainty. The framework enables us to estimate dielectric permittivity at pilot point locations distributed within the tomogram, as well as the spatial correlation range. In the inversion framework, MRE is first used to derive prior probability density functions (pdfs) of dielectric permittivity based on prior information obtained from a straight-ray GPR inversion. The probability distributions are then sampled using a Quasi-Monte Carlo (QMC) approach, and the sample sets provide inputs to a sequential Gaussian simulation (SGSIM) algorithm that constructs a highly resolved permittivity/velocity field for evaluation with a curved-ray GPR forward model. The likelihood functions are computed as a function of misfits, and posterior pdfs are constructed using a Gaussian kernel. Inversion of subsequent time-lapse datasets combines the Bayesian estimates from the previous inversion (as a memory function) with new data. The memory function and pilot point design takes advantage of the spatial-temporal correlation of the state variables. We first apply the inversion framework to a static synthetic example and then to a time-lapse GPR tomographic dataset collected during a dynamic experiment conducted at the Hanford Site in Richland, WA. We demonstrate that the MRE-Bayesian inversion enables us to merge various data types, quantify uncertainty, evaluate nonlinear models, and produce more detailed and better resolved estimates than straight-ray based inversion; therefore, it has the potential to improve estimates of inter-wellbore dielectric permittivity and soil moisture content and to monitor their temporal dynamics more accurately.

Hou, Zhangshuan; Terry, Neil C.; Hubbard, Susan S.

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

482

FreedomCAR - Aftertreatment Subsystem Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The primary objective of this program was to develop generic aftertreatment technologies applicable for LDV and LDT engines ranging from 55 kW to 200kW, to develop an optimized and integrated aftertreatment system for a LDT (Light Duty Truck) type vehicle, and to demonstrate the technology which will enable light duty diesel engines to meet Federal Tier II regulation with minimum impact on fuel economy. Specifically, the development targets for emissions reduction and fuel injection penalty are given below: (1) NOx conversion efficiency > 90% (hot), > 84% (combined); (2) PM conversion efficiency > 90% (hot), > 84% (combined); (3) Fuel penalty over FTP-75 Less than 5%; and (4) Fuel penalty at Cruise condition Less than 3%. Development of cost-effective, highly efficient diesel exhaust aftertreatment systems in combination with very low engine out emission combustion development are essential elements for realization of Federal Tier II emission standards for Light Duty Trucks and Vehicles. Evaluation of several aftertreatment technologies was completed as part of this program. A combination of Diesel Oxidation Catalyst, NOx Adsorbing Catalyst and Catalyzed Soot Filter was found to provide the levels of conversion efficiency required to achieve the emission targets. While early systems required relatively large catalyst volumes, external dosing, sulfur traps, full bypass configurations and high levels of Platinum metals; the final system is a compact, scalable, flow-through, fully-integrated and engine-managed aftertreatment system capable of commercial application for Light Duty Vehicles and Trucks. NOx adsorber/particulate filter technology is particularly attractive for Light Duty applications due to the lower exhaust flow and temperature requirements as compared to Heavy Duty engines. Despite these strong positive aspects, NOx Adsorbers are challenged by their regeneration requirements and susceptibility to sulfur poisoning and thermal degradation. Capability was developed to regenerate the NOx Adsorber for NOx and SOx as well as the Particulate Filter for soot. This system was fully integrated into a truck and evaluated over the chassis dynamometer for emissions capability and in real-world winter field testing. Durability of the system was evaluated over a variety of accelerated and real-time dynamometer tests. Excellent NOx and PM conversion efficiency was demonstrated, even following 3000 hrs of endurance testing. Unregulated emissions emitted by the system were evaluated as was the fuel penalty associated with the DeNOx and DeSOx regeneration processes. In the final evaluation, the system demonstrated 90% NOx conversion and 99% PM conversion at a 6% fuel penalty over the FTP-75 test cycle. While target fuel penalty levels were demonstrated using full-bypass configuration systems, the cost associated with those systems was prohibitively high and would preclude successful commercialization of the technology. Although the flow-through configuration fell 1% short of the 5% fuel penalty target, the cost of this configuration is such that commercial application is feasible. Cost drivers for the final system configuration were identified and demonstrate areas where future development areas could focus.

Lisa A. Prentiss

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

483

COLLECTIVE EVIDENCE FOR INVERSE COMPTON EMISSION FROM EXTERNAL PHOTONS IN HIGH-POWER BLAZARS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the first collective evidence that Fermi-detected jets of high kinetic power (L{sub kin}) are dominated by inverse Compton emission from upscattered external photons. Using a sample with a broad range in orientation angle, including radio galaxies and blazars, we find that very high power sources (L{sub kin} > 10{sup 45.5} erg s{sup -1}) show a significant increase in the ratio of inverse Compton to synchrotron power (Compton dominance) with decreasing orientation angle, as measured by the radio core dominance and confirmed by the distribution of superluminal speeds. This increase is consistent with beaming expectations for external Compton (EC) emission, but not for synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) emission. For the lowest power jets (L{sub kin} < 10{sup 43.5} erg s{sup -1}), no trend between Compton and radio core dominance is found, consistent with SSC. Importantly, the EC trend is not seen for moderately high power flat spectrum radio quasars with strong external photon fields. Coupled with the evidence that jet power is linked to the jet speed, this finding suggests that external photon fields become the dominant source of seed photons in the jet comoving frame only for the faster and therefore more powerful jets.

Meyer, Eileen T.; Fossati, Giovanni [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 (United States); Georganopoulos, Markos [Department of Physics, Joint Center for Astrophysics, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States); Lister, Matthew L. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, 525 Northwestern Avenue, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States)

2012-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

484

Inverse optimal design of the radiant heating in materials processing and manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combined convective, conductive, and radiative heat transfer is analyzed during heating of a continuously moving load in the industrial radiant oven. A transient, quasi-three-dimensional model of heat transfer between a continuous load of parts moving inside an oven on a conveyor belt at a constant speed and an array of radiant heaters/burners placed inside the furnace enclosure is developed. The model accounts for radiative exchange between the heaters and the load, the conduction in the load, and convective heat transfer between the moving load and oven environment. The thermal model developed has been used to construct a general framework for an inverse optimal design of an industrial oven as an example. In particular, the procedure based on the Levenberg-Marquardt nonlinear least squares optimization algorithm has been developed to obtain the optimal temperatures of the heaters/burners that need to be specified to achieve a prescribed temperature distribution of the surface of a load. The results of calculations for several sample cases are reported to illustrate the capabilities of the procedure developed for the optimal inverse design of an industrial radiant oven.

Fedorov, A.G.; Lee, K.H.; Viskanta, R. [Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)] [Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

The Inverse-Compton And Extragalactic Components Of The Diffuse Gamma-Ray Emission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present spectra of the inverse-Compton and extragalactic components of the high-energy gamma-radiation based on an analysis of the emission at high galactic latitudes ($\\vert$b$\\vert$ $\\geq$ $30\\deg$). We correlate the gamma-ray intensity with a model consisting of an isotropic component, a component proportional to the 408 MHz synchrotron radiation, and a component proportional to atomic hydrogen (H I) column density with different emissivities in eight galactic octants. The spectrum of gamma-radiation that is correlated with the H I column density indicates that this component originates in cosmic-ray/matter interactions. The cosmic-ray electrons which produce the 408 MHz radio continuum emission also produce gamma-radiation through inverse-Compton interactions with interstellar photons. By correlating the gamma-radiation with the 408 MHz continuum, we measure the spectrum and absolute intensity of the IC emission. The isotropic component gives us the spectrum and intensity of the extragalactic gamma-radiation. We discuss interpretation of the extragalactic spectrum.

Andrew Chen; Joseph Dwyer; Philip Kaaret

1995-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

486

The inverse conjecture for the Gowers norm over finite fields via the correspondence principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The inverse conjecture for the Gowers norms $U^d(V)$ for finite-dimensional vector spaces $V$ over a finite field $\\F$ asserts, roughly speaking, that a bounded function $f$ has large Gowers norm $\\|f\\|_{U^d(V)}$ if and only if it correlates with a phase polynomial $\\phi = e_\\F(P)$ of degree at most $d-1$, thus $P: V \\to \\F$ is a polynomial of degree at most $d-1$. In this paper, we develop a variant of the Furstenberg correspondence principle which allows us to establish this conjecture in the large characteristic case $\\charac(F) \\geq d$ from an ergodic theory counterpart, which was recently established by Bergelson and the authors. In low characteristic we obtain a partial result, in which the phase polynomial $\\phi$ is allowed to be of some larger degree $C(d)$. The full inverse conjecture remains open in low characteristic; the counterexamples by Lovett-Meshulam-Samorodnitsky or Green-Tao in this setting can be avoided by a slight reformulation of the conjecture.

Tao, Terence

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Seismic Imaging and Inversion: Application of Linear Theory (2012), Cambridge University Press, co-authored with Bob Stolt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extracting information from seismic data requires knowledge of seismic wave propagation and reflection. The commonly used method involves solving linearly for a reflectivity at every point within the Earth, but this book follows an alternative approach which invokes inverse scattering theory. By developing the theory of seismic imaging from basic principles, the authors relate the different models of seismic propagation, reflection and imaging - thus providing links to reflectivity-based imaging on the one hand and to nonlinear seismic inversion on the other. The comprehensive and physically complete linear imaging foundation developed presents new results at the leading edge of seismic processing for target location and identification. This book serves as a fundamental guide to seismic imaging principles and algorithms and their foundation in inverse scattering theory and is a valuable resource for working geoscientists, scientific programmers and theoretical physicists.

Weglein, Arthur B.; Stolt, Bob H.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Inverse modeling of CO2 sources and sinks using satellite observations of CO2 from TES and surface flask measurements  

SciTech Connect

We infer CO2 surface fluxes using satellite observations of mid-tropospheric CO2 from the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) and measurements of CO2 from surface flasks in a time-independent inversion analysis based on the GEOS-Chem model. Using TES CO2 observations over oceans, spanning 40 S 40 N, we find that the horizontal and vertical coverage of the TES and flask data are complementary. This complementarity is demonstrated by combining the datasets in a joint inversion, which provides better constraints than from either dataset alone, when a posteriori CO2 distributions are evaluated against independent ship and aircraft CO2 data. In particular, the joint inversion offers improved constraints in the tropics where surface measurements are sparse, such as the tropical forests of South America. Aggregating the annual surface-to-atmosphere fluxes from the joint inversion for the year 2006 yields 1.13 0.21 PgC for the global ocean, 2.77 0.20 PgC for the global land biosphere and 3.90 0.29 PgC for the total global natural flux (defined as the sum of all biospheric, oceanic, and biomass burning contributions but excluding CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion). These global ocean and global land fluxes are shown to be near the median of the broad range of values from other inversion results for 2006. To achieve these results, a bias in TES CO2 in the Southern Hemisphere was assessed and corrected using aircraft flask data, and we demonstrate that our results have low sensitivity to variations in the bias correction approach. Overall, this analysis suggests that future carbon data assimilation systems can benefit by integrating in situ and satellite observations of CO2 and that the vertical information provided by satellite observations of mid-tropospheric CO2 combined with measurements of surface CO2, provides an important additional constraint for flux inversions.

Nassar, Ray [University of Toronto; Jones, DBA [University of Toronto; Kulawik, SS [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA; Worden, JR [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA; Bowman, K [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA; Andres, Robert Joseph [ORNL; Suntharalingam, P [University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom; Chen, j. [University of Toronto; Brenninkmeijer, CAM [Max Planck Institut fur Chemie, Mainz; Schuck, TJ [Max Planck Institut fur Chemie, Mainz; Conway, T.J. [NOAA, Boulder, CO; Worthy, DE [Environment Canada

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Inverse Transformation Optics and Reflection Analysis for Two-Dimensional Finite Embedded Coordinate Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inverse transformation optics is introduced, and used to calculate the boundary reflection of a two-dimensional (2D) finite embedded coordinate transformation which is discontinuous at the boundary. For an electromagnetic excitation of particular polarization, many pairs of original medium (in a virtual space) and transformation function can give exactly the same anisotropic medium through a conventional procedure of transformation optics. Non-uniqueness of these pairs is then exploited for the analysis and calculation of the boundary reflection. The reflection at the boundary of the anisotropic transformation medium (associated with vacuum in the virtual space) is converted to the simple reflection between two isotropic media in a virtual space by a new transformation continuous at the boundary. A necessary condition for reflectionless boundary of finite embedded coordinate transformation is found as a special case. The theory is verified numerically with the finite element method.

Zhang, Pu; He, Sailing

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

The d-bar approach to approximate inverse scattering at fixed energy in three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop the d-bar approach to inverse scattering at fixed energy in dimensions $d\\ge 3$ of [Beals, Coifman 1985] and [Henkin, Novikov 1987]. As a result we propose a stable method for nonlinear approximate finding a potential $v$ from its scattering amplitude $f$ at fixed energy $E>0$ in dimension $d=3$. In particular, in three dimensions we stably reconstruct n-times smooth potential $v$ with sufficient decay at infinity, $n>3$, from its scattering amplitude $f$ at fixed energy $E$ up to $O(E^{-(n-3-\\epsilon)/2})$ in the uniform norm as $E\\to +\\infty$ for any fixed arbitrary small $\\epsilon >0$ (that is with almost the same decay rate of the error for $E\\to +\\infty$ as in the linearized case near zero potential).

Roman Novikov

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

491

Photonic Design: From Fundamental Solar Cell Physics to Computational Inverse Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photonic innovation is becoming ever more important in the modern world. Optical systems are dominating shorter and shorter communications distances, LED's are rapidly emerging for a variety of applications, and solar cells show potential to be a mainstream technology in the energy space. The need for novel, energy-efficient photonic and optoelectronic devices will only increase. This work unites fundamental physics and a novel computational inverse design approach towards such innovation. The first half of the dissertation is devoted to the physics of high-efficiency solar cells. As solar cells approach fundamental efficiency limits, their internal physics transforms. Photonic considerations, instead of electronic ones, are the key to reaching the highest voltages and efficiencies. Proper photon management led to Alta Device's recent dramatic increase of the solar cell efficiency record to 28.3%. Moreover, approaching the Shockley-Queisser limit for any solar cell technology will require light extraction to ...

Miller, Owen D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Nonradiating and minimum energy sources and their fields: Generalized source inversion theory and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—A new general framework for characterizing scalar and electromagnetic (EM) nonradiating (NR) and minimum energy (ME) sources and their fields is developed that is of interest for both radiation and source reconstruction problems. NR sources are characterized in connection with the concept of reciprocity as nonreceptors. Localized ME sources are shown to be free fields truncated within the source’s support. A new source analysis tool is developed that is based on the decomposition of a source and its field into their radiating and NR components. The individual radiating and reactive energy roles of the radiating and NR parts of a source are characterized. The general theory is illustrated with a time-harmonic EM example. Index Terms—Inverse problems.

Edwin A. Marengo; Richard W. Ziolkowski

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Analysis and solution of the ill-posed inverse heat conduction problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inverse conduction problem arises when experimental measurements are taken in the interior of a body, and it is desired to calculate temperature and heat flux values on the surface. The problem is shown to be ill-posed, as the solution exhibits unstable dependence on the given data functions. A special solution procedure is developed for the one-dimensional case which replaces the heat conduction equation with an approximating hyperbolic equation. If viewed from a new perspective, where the roles of the spatial and time variables are interchanged, then an initial value problem for the damped wave equation is obtained. Since this formulation is well-posed, both analytic and numerical solution procedures are readily available. Sample calculations confirm that this approach produces consistent, reliable results for both linear and nonlinear problems.

Weber, C.F.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Measurement of Inverse Pion Photoproduction at Energies Spanning the N(1440) Resonance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Differential cross sections for the process pi^- p -> gamma n have been measured at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Alternating Gradient Synchrotron with the Crystal Ball multiphoton spectrometer. Measurements were made at 18 pion momenta from 238 to 748 MeV/c, corresponding to E_gamma for the inverse reaction from 285 to 769 MeV. The data have been used to evaluate the gamma n multipoles in the vicinity of the N(1440) resonance. We compare our data and multipoles to previous determinations. A new three-parameter SAID fit yields 36 +/- 7 (GeV)^-1/2 X 10^-3 for the A^n_1/2 amplitude of the P_11.

A. Shafi; S. Prakhov; I. I. Strakovsky; W. J. Briscoe; B. M. K. Nefkens; C. E. Allgower; R. A. Arndt; V. Bekrenev; C. Bennhold; M. Clajus; J. R. Comfort; K. Craig; D. Grosnick; D. Isenhower; N. Knecht; D. D. Koetke; A. Kulbardis; N. Kozlenko; S. Kruglov; G. Lolos; I. Lopatin; D. M. Manley; R. Manweiler; A. Marusic; S. McDonald; J. Olmsted; Z. Papandreou; D. Peaslee; N. Phaisangittisaku; J. W. Price; A. F. Ramirez; M. Sadler; H. Spinka; T. D. S. Stanislaus; A. Starostin; H. M. Staudenmaier; I. Supek; W. B. Tippens; R. L. Workman

2004-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

495

Inverse beta decay reaction in 232 Th and 233 U fission antineutrino flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy spectra of antineutrinos coming from 232 Th and 233 U neutroninduced fission are calculated, relevant inverse beta decay Ż?e + p ? n+e + positron spectra and total cross sections are found. This study is stimulated by a hypothesis that a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction is burning at the center of the Earth (“Georeactor”). The Georeactor, according to the author of this idea, provides energy necessary to sustain the Earth’s magnetic field. The Georeactor’s nuclear fuel is 235 U and, probably, 232 Th and 233 U. Results of present study may appear to be useful in future experiments aimed to test the Geore