Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

High differential pressure, radial flow characteristics of gun perforations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tubing conveyed completion techniques are being utilized more frequently than in the past, because of the apparent advantages derived from underbalanced perforating. These advantages include cleaner perforations, reductions of additional stimulation treatments and reduced completion times. This paper presents the results of a laboratory study of gun perforations made under high differential pressure, radial flow conditions. In this study, Berea sandstone cores, modified to permit radial flow, are used to determine the relationship between perforation characteristics and the time-dependent pressure differential between pore pressure (i.e. formation pressure) and ''well bore'' pressure during the completion process. The primary perforation characteristic investigated (Radial Flow Ratio) is defined as the ratio of the perforated flow rate to the flow rate of the unperforated core under identical conditions. The perforated flow rate is measured in radial flow after the perforation has been made under various time-dependent pressure differentials.

Regalbuto, J.A.; Riggs, R.S.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Workshop on gate valve pressure locking and thermal binding  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Workshop on Gate Valve Pressure Locking and Thermal Binding was to discuss pressure locking and thermal binding issues that could lead to inoperable gate valves in both boiling water and pressurized water reactors. The goal was to foster exchange of information to develop the technical bases to understand the phenomena, identify the components that are susceptible, discuss actual events, discuss the safety significance, and illustrate known corrective actions that can prevent or limit the occurrence of pressure locking or thermal binding. The presentations were structured to cover U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff evaluation of operating experience and planned regulatory activity; industry discussions of specific events, including foreign experience, and efforts to determine causes and alleviate the affects; and valve vendor experience and recommended corrective action. The discussions indicated that identifying valves susceptible to pressure locking and thermal binding was a complex process involving knowledge of components, systems, and plant operations. The corrective action options are varied and straightforward.

Brown, E.J.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Hollow cylinder dynamic pressurization and radial flow through permeability tests for cementitous materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saturated permeability is likely a good method for characterizing the susceptibility of portland cement concrete to various forms of degradation; although no widely accepted test exists to measure this property. The hollow cylinder dynamic pressurization test is a potential solution for measuring concrete permeability. The hollow cylinder dynamic pressurization (HDP) test is compared with the radial flow through (RFT) test and the solid cylinder dynamic pressurization (SDP) test to assess the accuracy and reliability of the HDP test. The three test methods, mentioned above, were used to measure the permeability of Vycor glass and portland cement paste and the results of the HDP test were compared with the results from the SDP and RFT tests. When the HDP and RFT test results were compared, the measured difference between the mean values of the two tests was 40% for Vycor glass and 47% for cement paste. When the HDP and SDP tests results were compared, the measured difference with Vycor glass was 53%. The cement paste permeability values could not be compared in the same manner since they were tested at various ages to show the time dependency of permeability in cement paste. The results suggest good correlation between the HDP test and both the SDP and RFT tests. Furthermore, good repeatability was shown with low coefficients of variation in all test permutations. Both of these factors suggest that the new HDP test is a valid tool for measuring the permeability of concrete materials.

Jones, Christopher Andrew

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Radial Diffraction Strength and Elastic Behavior of CaF2 in Low- and High-Pressure Phases  

SciTech Connect

The radial-diffraction lattice behavior of CaF2 was analyzed in its low-pressure (fluorite) and high-pressure phase up to 11.5 GPa using radial x-ray diffraction techniques in the diamond anvil cell. Between 3.5 and 7.1 GPa, fluorite develops a radial-diffraction strength of {approx}0.8 GPa. The corresponding lattice anisotropy of the fluorite phase was measured to be equal to 0.73, in good agreement with previous Brillouin spectroscopy measurements. By 8.8 GPa, CaF2 has undergone a phase transformation to its high-pressure (orthorhombic) phase, with a corresponding volume decrease of 10.4%. By 11.5 GPa, the volume drop between the low-pressure and high-pressure phase has increased to 11.5%. In addition, the high-pressure phase is found to withstand a significantly larger differential stress than the low-pressure fluorite phase, with a large degree of lattice anisotropy. In the maximum stress direction at 8.8 GPa, we observe a time-dependent evolution of the lattice parameters of CaF2, indicating that the high-pressure structure is still undergoing deformation on time scales of hours after the phase boundary has been crossed.

Kavner,A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Tuning the Gate Opening Pressure of Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) for the Selective Separation of Hydro-carbons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Separation of hydrocarbons is one of the most energy demanding processes. The need to develop materials for the selective adsorption of hydrocarbons, under reasonable conditions, is therefore of paramount importance. This work unveils unexpected hydrocarbon selectivity in a flexible Metal Organic Framework (MOF), based on differences in their gate opening pressure. We show selectivity dependence on both chain length and specific framework-gas interaction. Combining Raman spectroscopy and theoretical van der Waals Density Functional (vdW-DF) calculations, the separation mechanisms governing this unexpected gate opening behavior are revealed.

Nijem, Nour; Canepa, Pieremanuele; Marti, Anne; Balkus,, Kenneth J; Thonhauser, T; Li, Jing; Chabal, Yves J; 10.1021/ja305754f

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Pressure recovery in a cylindrical heat pipe at high radial Reynolds numbers and at high Mach numbers  

SciTech Connect

The pressure recovery in a cylindrical heat pipe has been investigated. The experiments cover average radial Reynolds numbers between 5 and 150 and average Mach numbers up to the velocity of sound. During preliminary experiments in a cylindrical, gravity-assisted heat pipe at high Mach numbers large condensate flow instabilities were observed. As a consequence the heat pipe power varied strongly. Based on these observations an improved heat pipe design was made that resulted in steady operating conditions throughout the entire parameter range. This heat pipe is described. The pressure recovery was measured and compared with results from a two-dimensional analytical model for describing compressible vapor flow in heat pipes. Good agreement with the experimental data was found.

Haug, F.; Busse, C.A.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Radial distribution of the inner magnetosphere plasma pressure using low-altitude satellite data during geomagnetic storm: the March 1-8, 1982 Event  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plasma pressure distribution in the inner magnetosphere is one of the key parameters for understanding the main magnetospheric processes including geomagnetic storms and substorms. However, the pressure profiles obtained from in-situ particle measurements by the high-altitude satellites do not allow tracking the pressure variations related to the storms and substorms, because a time interval needed to do this generally exceeds the characteristic times of them. On contrary, fast movement of low-altitude satellites makes it possible to retrieve quasi-instantaneous profiles of plasma pressure along the satellite trajectory, using the fluxes of precipitating particles. For this study, we used the Aureol-3 satellite data for plasma pressure estimation, and the IGRF, Tsyganenko 2001 and Tsyganenko 2004 storm time geomagnetic field models for the pressure mapping into the equatorial plane. It was found that during quiet geomagnetic condition the radial pressure profiles obtained coincide with the profiles, obtained ...

Stepanova, M; Bosqued, J M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine A rotor for use in turbine applications. June 26, 2013 Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine A rotor for use in...

9

What's Happening to Our Body after Drinking Coke? The Characteristic of the Blood Pressure Wave in Radial Artery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous literature has suggested that psychological state may be changed via drinking coke, however, studies empirically documenting the link between coke and blood pressure wave (BPW) are scant. Therefore, the current article attempts to explore how ... Keywords: Blood pressure wave (BPW), spectrum analysis, Sphygmogram, Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)

Sheng-Chieh Huang; Yung-Pin Lee; Min-Hua Hsieh; Hui-Min Wang; Mark C. Hou; Shih-Chun Chao; Cheng-Lung Tseng; Wei-Ta Hsiao; Chung-Hung Hong; Kai-Yu Shao; Shi-Han Luo; Wei-Chun Chiu; Wei-Yu Chen

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine A rotor for use in turbine applications. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine A rotor for use in turbine applications has a radial compressor/pump having radially disposed spaced apart fins forming passages and a radial turbine having hollow turbine blades interleaved with the fins and through which fluid from the radial compressor/pump flows. The rotor can, in some applications, be used to produce electrical power. U.S. Patent No.: 7,044,718 (DOE S-100,626) Patent Application Filing Date: July 8, 2003 Patent Issue Date: May 16, 2006 Licensing Status: Available for Express Licensing (?). View terms and a sample license agreement.

11

Radial-radial single rotor turbine  

SciTech Connect

A rotor for use in turbine applications has a radial compressor/pump having radially disposed spaced apart fins forming passages and a radial turbine having hollow turbine blades interleaved with the fins and through which fluid from the radial compressor/pump flows. The rotor can, in some applications, be used to produce electrical power.

Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

12

David Gates home page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gates home page http:www.pppl.gov%7EdgatesSiteDr.DavidA.Gates.html (1 of 4) 8302012 9:47:58 AM David Gates home page Dr. David A. Gates Princeton Plasma Physics...

13

1-D RADIAL SYSTEM STUDY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SIMILARITY SOLUTIONS SIMILARITY SOLUTIONS HYDRATE DISSOCIATION IN A RADIAL DOMAIN I. Domain Description 1-D Radial system, L x H = 1000 m x 1.0 m Discretization: 1000 cells of dimensions Δr x Δz = 0.02 m x 1 m 500 cells logarithmically distributed from r = 20 m to r = 1000 m 1 cells with Δr = 1.0e-3 m (outer boundary) The fine discretization is needed to accurately capture the front in thermal disso- ciation; it is less important in depressurization. II. Initial Conditions Thermal stimulation Pressure: P i = 4.6 MPa Temperature: T i = 3 o C Saturations: S H = 0.5, S A = 0.5 Depressurization Pressure: P i = 9.5 MPa Temperature: T i = 12 o C Saturations: S H = 0.4, S A = 0.6 III. Boundary Conditions At r = R max : Constant pressure, temperature, and saturations

14

Sliding-gate valve for use with abrasive materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a flow and pressure-sealing valve for use with abrasive solids. The valve embodies special features which provide for long, reliable operating lifetimes in solids-handling service. The valve includes upper and lower transversely slidable gates, contained in separate chambers. The upper gate provides a solids-flow control function, whereas the lower gate provides a pressure-sealing function. The lower gate is supported by means for (a) lifting that gate into sealing engagement with its seat when the gate is in its open and closed positions and (b) lowering the gate out of contact with its seat to permit abrasion-free transit of the gate between its open and closed positions. When closed, the upper gate isolates the lower gate from the solids. Because of this shielding action, the sealing surface of the lower gate is not exposed to solids during transit or when it is being lifted or lowered. The chamber containing the lower gate normally is pressurized slightly, and a sweep gas is directed inwardly across the lower-gate sealing surface during the vertical translation of the gate.

Ayers, Jr., William J. (Morgantown, WV); Carter, Charles R. (Fairmont, WV); Griffith, Richard A. (Morgantown, WV); Loomis, Richard B. (Bruceton Mills, WV); Notestein, John E. (Morgantown, WV)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

FLOW GATING  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

BS>This invention is a fast gating system for eiectronic flipflop circuits. Diodes connect the output of one circuit to the input of another, and the voltage supply for the receiving flip-flop has two alternate levels. When the supply is at its upper level, no current can flow through the diodes, but when the supply is at its lower level, current can flow to set the receiving flip- flop to the same state as that of the circuit to which it is connected. (AEC)

Poppelbaum, W.J.

1962-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Compact gate valve  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to a double-disc gate valve which is compact, comparatively simple to construct, and capable of maintaining high closing pressures on the valve discs with low frictional forces. The valve casing includes axially aligned ports. Mounted in the casing is a sealed chamber which is pivotable transversely of the axis of the ports. The chamber contains the levers for moving the valve discs axially, and an actuator for the levers. When an external drive means pivots the chamber to a position where the discs are between the ports and axially aligned therewith, the actuator for the levers is energized to move the discs into sealing engagement with the ports.

Bobo, Gerald E. (Knoxville, TN)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

East Gate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

East East Gate to: Rt. 59 Fermilab Village Main Entrance B u tt e r fi e ld R d . to: Farnsworth Ave, I-88 Kirk Rd. Site 56 Site 55 Buffalo Farm Lederman Science Center (Public Welcome) Prairie Trails Dog Training Area Nature Area Lake Law A.E. Sea Technical Division Illinois Accelerator Research Center Feynman Computing Center Muon Delivery Ring Main Injector Tevatron Test Accelerators Site 37 Site 39 Site 38 Neutrino Experiments Silicon Detector Facility Test Beam Facility DAB Site 50 Wilson Hall & Ramsey Auditorium (Public Welcome) Wilson St. Gate (Deliveries, Employees) NML CMTF A 1 R D D R D B RD S E O LA R D B A T A V I A R D E WILSON ST WILSON ST P IN E S T P O W E R L I N E R D N E O LA R D MCCHESNEY RD A B C D E 5 4 3 2 1 ´ 0 0.5 1 0.25 Miles Trails Public Areas Buildings Roads/Parking Ponds Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory 2013 Fermilab Site Map

18

Radial arm strike rail  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The radial arm strike rail assembly is a system for measurement of bearings, directions, and stereophotography for geologic mapping, particularly where magnetic compasses are not appropriate. The radial arm, pivoting around a shaft axis, provides a reference direction determination for geologic mapping and bearing or direction determination. The centerable and levelable pedestal provide a base for the radial arm strike rail and the telescoping camera pedestal. The telescoping feature of the radial arm strike rail allows positioning the end of the rail for strike direction or bearing measurement with a goniometer.

McKeown, Mark H. (Golden, CO); Beason, Steven C. (Lakewood, CO)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

The J-K Gate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For many years two-input NAND, AND, NOR, OR and EX-OR gates have been commercially available as cheap quad TTL integrated circuits (IC's). Ideas on quad programmable two-input gates (three inputs per gate) have been published in the literature but have ... Keywords: Digital circuit design, EX-OR gate, inverter, J-K gate, latch, logic circuit, NAND gate, NIMP gate, OR gate, programmable gate circuit, standard gate, zero/one-true/complement element.

R. M. M. Oberman

1976-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Triple acting radial seal  

SciTech Connect

A triple acting radial seal used as an interstage seal assembly in a gas turbine engine, where the seal assembly includes an interstage seal support extending from a stationary inner shroud of a vane ring, the interstage seal support includes a larger annular radial inward facing groove in which an outer annular floating seal assembly is secured for radial displacement, and the outer annular floating seal assembly includes a smaller annular radial inward facing groove in which an inner annular floating seal assembly is secured also for radial displacement. A compliant seal is secured to the inner annular floating seal assembly. The outer annular floating seal assembly encapsulates the inner annular floating seal assembly which is made from a very low alpha material in order to reduce thermal stress.

Ebert, Todd A (West Palm Beach, FL); Carella, John A (Jupiter, FL)

2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Gated strip proportional detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gated strip proportional detector includes a gas tight chamber which encloses a solid ground plane, a wire anode plane, a wire gating plane, and a multiconductor cathode plane. The anode plane amplifies the amount of charge deposited in the chamber by a factor of up to 10/sup 6/. The gating plane allows only charge within a narrow strip to reach the cathode. The cathode plane collects the charge allowed to pass through the gating plane on a set of conductors perpendicular to the open-gated region. By scanning the open-gated region across the chamber and reading out the charge collected on the cathode conductors after a suitable integration time for each location of the gate, a two-dimensional image of the intensity of the ionizing radiation incident on the detector can be made.

Morris, C.L.; Idzorek, G.C.; Atencio, L.G.

1985-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

22

Gated strip proportional detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gated strip proportional detector includes a gas tight chamber which encloses a solid ground plane, a wire anode plane, a wire gating plane, and a multiconductor cathode plane. The anode plane amplifies the amount of charge deposited in the chamber by a factor of up to 10.sup.6. The gating plane allows only charge within a narrow strip to reach the cathode. The cathode plane collects the charge allowed to pass through the gating plane on a set of conductors perpendicular to the open-gated region. By scanning the open-gated region across the chamber and reading out the charge collected on the cathode conductors after a suitable integration time for each location of the gate, a two-dimensional image of the intensity of the ionizing radiation incident on the detector can be made.

Morris, Christopher L. (Los Alamos, NM); Idzorek, George C. (Los Alamos, NM); Atencio, Leroy G. (Espanola, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Radial Inflow Turboexpander Redesign  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Steamboat Envirosystems, LLC (SELC) was awarded a grant in accordance with the DOE Enhanced Geothermal Systems Project Development. Atlas-Copco Rotoflow (ACR), a radial expansion turbine manufacturer, was responsible for the manufacturing of the turbine and the creation of the new computer program. SB Geo, Inc. (SBG), the facility operator, monitored and assisted ACR's activities as well as provided installation and startup assistance. The primary scope of the project is the redesign of an axial flow turbine to a radial inflow turboexpander to provide increased efficiency and reliability at an existing facility. In addition to the increased efficiency and reliability, the redesign includes an improved reduction gear design, and improved shaft seal design, and upgraded control system and a greater flexibility of application

William G. Price

2001-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

24

Radial Inflow Turboexpander Redesign  

SciTech Connect

Steamboat Envirosystems, LLC (SELC) was awarded a grant in accordance with the DOE Enhanced Geothermal Systems Project Development. Atlas-Copco Rotoflow (ACR), a radial expansion turbine manufacturer, was responsible for the manufacturing of the turbine and the creation of the new computer program. SB Geo, Inc. (SBG), the facility operator, monitored and assisted ACR's activities as well as provided installation and startup assistance. The primary scope of the project is the redesign of an axial flow turbine to a radial inflow turboexpander to provide increased efficiency and reliability at an existing facility. In addition to the increased efficiency and reliability, the redesign includes an improved reduction gear design, and improved shaft seal design, and upgraded control system and a greater flexibility of application

William G. Price

2001-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

25

Optical NAND gate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical NAND gate is formed from two pair of optical waveguide devices on a substrate, with each pair of the optical waveguide devices consisting of an electroabsorption modulator and a photodetector. One pair of the optical waveguide devices is electrically connected in parallel to operate as an optical AND gate; and the other pair of the optical waveguide devices is connected in series to operate as an optical NOT gate (i.e. an optical inverter). The optical NAND gate utilizes two digital optical inputs and a continuous light input to provide a NAND function output. The optical NAND gate can be formed from III-V compound semiconductor layers which are epitaxially deposited on a III-V compound semiconductor substrate, and operates at a wavelength in the range of 0.8-2.0 .mu.m.

Skogen, Erik J. (Albuquerque, NM); Raring, James (Goleta, CA); Tauke-Pedretti, Anna (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

26

Radial flow heat exchanger  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radial flow heat exchanger (20) having a plurality of first passages (24) for transporting a first fluid (25) and a plurality of second passages (26) for transporting a second fluid (27). The first and second passages are arranged in stacked, alternating relationship, are separated from one another by relatively thin plates (30) and (32), and surround a central axis (22). The thickness of the first and second passages are selected so that the first and second fluids, respectively, are transported with laminar flow through the passages. To enhance thermal energy transfer between first and second passages, the latter are arranged so each first passage is in thermal communication with an associated second passage along substantially its entire length, and vice versa with respect to the second passages. The heat exchangers may be stacked to achieve a modular heat exchange assembly (300). Certain heat exchangers in the assembly may be designed slightly differently than other heat exchangers to address changes in fluid properties during transport through the heat exchanger, so as to enhance overall thermal effectiveness of the assembly.

Valenzuela, Javier (Hanover, NH)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Text Processing with GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GATE is a free open-source infrastructure for developing and deploying software components that process human language. It is more than 15 years old and is in active use for all types of computational tasks involving language (frequently called natural ...

Hamish Cunningham; Diana Maynard; Kalina Bontcheva

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Estimation of radial acoustic wave propagation in relative motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sound emission and propagation through the moving air in front of aircraft compressors and behind the turbine assemblies is investigated at UPB in a current research program. Results of the sound waves radial propagation in the first stage of the low ... Keywords: acoustics, finite volumes method, relative fluid mechanics, sound pressure level, sound propagation, sound waves, wave modeling

Alina Bogoi; Radu D. Rugescu

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Radial lean direct injection burner  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A burner for use in a gas turbine engine includes a burner tube having an inlet end and an outlet end; a plurality of air passages extending axially in the burner tube configured to convey air flows from the inlet end to the outlet end; a plurality of fuel passages extending axially along the burner tube and spaced around the plurality of air passage configured to convey fuel from the inlet end to the outlet end; and a radial air swirler provided at the outlet end configured to direct the air flows radially toward the outlet end and impart swirl to the air flows. The radial air swirler includes a plurality of vanes to direct and swirl the air flows and an end plate. The end plate includes a plurality of fuel injection holes to inject the fuel radially into the swirling air flows. A method of mixing air and fuel in a burner of a gas turbine is also provided. The burner includes a burner tube including an inlet end, an outlet end, a plurality of axial air passages, and a plurality of axial fuel passages. The method includes introducing an air flow into the air passages at the inlet end; introducing a fuel into fuel passages; swirling the air flow at the outlet end; and radially injecting the fuel into the swirling air flow.

Khan, Abdul Rafey; Kraemer, Gilbert Otto; Stevenson, Christian Xavier

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

30

Anomalous radial transport in tokamak edge plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.2 Transport in tokamakAnomalous radial transport model for edge plasma . . . . . .Anomalous transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bodi, Vasudeva Raghavendra Kowsik

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Radial elasticity of multi-walled boron nitride nanotubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigated the radial mechanical properties of multi-walled boron nitride nanotubes (MW-BNNTs) using atomic force microscopy. The employed MW-BNNTs were synthesized using pressurized vapor/condenser (PVC) methods and were dispersed in aqueous solution using ultrasonication methods with the aid of ionic surfactants. Our nanomechanical measurements reveal the elastic deformational behaviors of individual BNNTs with two to four tube walls in their transverse directions. Their effective radial elastic moduli were obtained through interpreting their measured radial deformation profiles using Hertzian contact mechanics models. Our results capture the dependences of the effective radial moduli of MW-BNNTs on both the tube outer diameter and the number of tube layers. The effective radial moduli of double-walled BNNTs are found to be several-fold higher than those of single-walled BNNTs within the same diameter range. Our work contributes directly to a complete understanding of the fundamental structural and mechanical properties of BNNTs and the pursuits of their novel structural and electronics applications.

Michael W. Smith, Cheol Park, Meng Zheng, Changhong Ke ,In-Tae Bae, Kevin Jordan

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Penn State DOE GATE Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program at The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) was established in October 1998 pursuant to an award from the U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE). The focus area of the Penn State GATE Program is advanced energy storage systems for electric and hybrid vehicles.

Anstrom, Joel

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

33

Chemical evolution with radial mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Models of the chemical evolution of our Galaxy are extended to include radial migration of stars and flow of gas through the disc. The models track the production of both iron and alpha elements. A model is chosen that provides an excellent fit to the metallicity distribution of stars in the Geneva-Copenhagen survey (GCS) of the solar neighbourhood, and a good fit to the local Hess diagram. The model provides a good fit to the distribution of GCS stars in the age-metallicity plane although this plane was not used in the fitting process. Although this model's star-formation rate is monotonic declining, its disc naturally splits into an alpha-enhanced thick disc and a normal thin disc. In particular the model's distribution of stars in the ([O/Fe],[Fe/H]) plane resembles that of Galactic stars in displaying a ridge line for each disc. The thin-disc's ridge line is entirely due to stellar migration and there is the characteristic variation of stellar angular momentum along it that has been noted by Haywood in survey data. Radial mixing of stellar populations with high sigma_z from inner regions of the disc to the solar neighbourhood provides a natural explanation of why measurements yield a steeper increase of sigma_z with age than predicted by theory. The metallicity gradient in the ISM is predicted to be steeper than in earlier models, but appears to be in good agreement with data for both our Galaxy and external galaxies. The models are inconsistent with a cutoff in the star-formation rate at low gas surface densities. The absolute magnitude of the disc is given as a function of time in several photometric bands, and radial colour profiles are plotted for representative times.

Ralph Schoenrich; James Binney

2008-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

34

Radial Compression of Microtubules and the Mechanism of Action of Taxol and Associated Proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

determination of the struc- ture of bundles of hollow tubes under radial pressure. For deformable objects greatly increases so the buckled MTs form bundles (27). The deformation of tubes under pressure can be used to measure the mechanical properties of the tubes. Previous mechanical measurements of MTs have

Loncar, Marko

35

from Microsoft's Bill Gates. Summer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power surge (page 2) Developing fuel for next- generation nuclear reactors, with backing from Microsoft's Bill Gates. Summer fun (pages 4-5) All aboard a bus or train and tour Y-12...

36

Gate Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector Solar Product JV set up for the promotion, exploitation and sale of photovoltaic solar power plants. References Gate Solar1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No...

37

Radial Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Radial Wind Farm Radial Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Radial Wind Farm Facility Radial Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Radial Wind Developer Radial Wind Location Lake Michigan WI Coordinates 43.039°, -87.536° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.039,"lon":-87.536,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

38

Active Noise Control of a Radial Fan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis work aims at investigating the use of an active noise control (ANC) system on a radial fan. This was done by studying the (more)

Murthy, Muddala

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Randomized Benchmarking of Quantum Gates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A key requirement for scalable quantum computing is that elementary quantum gates can be implemented with sufficiently low error. One method for determining the error behavior of a gate implementation is to perform process tomography. However, standard process tomography is limited by errors in state preparation, measurement and one-qubit gates. It suffers from inefficient scaling with number of qubits and does not detect adverse error-compounding when gates are composed in long sequences. An additional problem is due to the fact that desirable error probabilities for scalable quantum computing are of the order of 0.0001 or lower. Experimentally proving such low errors is challenging. We describe a randomized benchmarking method that yields estimates of the computationally relevant errors without relying on accurate state preparation and measurement. Since it involves long sequences of randomly chosen gates, it also verifies that error behavior is stable when used in long computations. We implemented randomized benchmarking on trapped atomic ion qubits, establishing a one-qubit error probability per randomized pi/2 pulse of 0.00482(17) in a particular experiment. We expect this error probability to be readily improved with straightforward technical modifications.

E. Knill; D. Leibfried; R. Reichle; J. Britton; R. B. Blakestad; J. D. Jost; C. Langer; R. Ozeri; S. Seidelin; D. J. Wineland

2007-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

40

Grey-box radial basis function modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fundamental principle in data modelling is to incorporate available a priori information regarding the underlying data generating mechanism into the modelling process. We adopt this principle and consider grey-box radial basis function (RBF) modelling ... Keywords: Black-box model, Boundary value constraint, Data modelling, Grey-box model, Orthogonal least squares algorithm, Radial basis function network, Symmetry

Sheng Chen; Xia Hong; Chris J. Harris

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Generalized multiscale radial basis function networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel modelling framework is proposed for constructing parsimonious and flexible multiscale radial basis function networks (RBF). Unlike a conventional standard single scale RBF network, where all the basis functions have a common kernel width, the ... Keywords: Model term selection, Neural networks, Nonlinear system identification, Orthogonal least squares, Radial basis functions

Stephen A. Billings; Hua-Liang Wei; Michael A. Balikhin

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print The oxide gate layer is critical to every transistor, and present-day layer thicknesses are in the 10-20 Å range (1-2 nm). However, little information exists on the oxidation process at this thickness. Available results are either for thicker layers grown under high-pressure conditions or for only the first couple of monolayers studied under high-vacuum conditions. Now, for the first time, a group of researchers has obtained real-time oxidation results for this elusive range. Using the ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) endstation at ALS Beamline 9.3.2, they examined oxidation of Si(100) at pressures up to 1 torr and temperatures up to 450 ºC. The Si 2p chemical shifts allowed determination of oxide thickness as a function of time with a precision of 1-2 Å. The initial oxidation rate was very high (up to ~234 Å/h). Then, after an initial oxide thickness of 6-22 Å was formed, the rate decreased markedly (~1.5-4.0Å/h). Neither rate regime can be explained by the standard Deal-Grove (D-G) model for Si oxidation. These results are a significant step toward developing a better understanding of this critical thickness regime.

43

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print The oxide gate layer is critical to every transistor, and present-day layer thicknesses are in the 10-20 Å range (1-2 nm). However, little information exists on the oxidation process at this thickness. Available results are either for thicker layers grown under high-pressure conditions or for only the first couple of monolayers studied under high-vacuum conditions. Now, for the first time, a group of researchers has obtained real-time oxidation results for this elusive range. Using the ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) endstation at ALS Beamline 9.3.2, they examined oxidation of Si(100) at pressures up to 1 torr and temperatures up to 450 ºC. The Si 2p chemical shifts allowed determination of oxide thickness as a function of time with a precision of 1-2 Å. The initial oxidation rate was very high (up to ~234 Å/h). Then, after an initial oxide thickness of 6-22 Å was formed, the rate decreased markedly (~1.5-4.0Å/h). Neither rate regime can be explained by the standard Deal-Grove (D-G) model for Si oxidation. These results are a significant step toward developing a better understanding of this critical thickness regime.

44

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print The oxide gate layer is critical to every transistor, and present-day layer thicknesses are in the 10-20 Å range (1-2 nm). However, little information exists on the oxidation process at this thickness. Available results are either for thicker layers grown under high-pressure conditions or for only the first couple of monolayers studied under high-vacuum conditions. Now, for the first time, a group of researchers has obtained real-time oxidation results for this elusive range. Using the ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) endstation at ALS Beamline 9.3.2, they examined oxidation of Si(100) at pressures up to 1 torr and temperatures up to 450 ºC. The Si 2p chemical shifts allowed determination of oxide thickness as a function of time with a precision of 1-2 Å. The initial oxidation rate was very high (up to ~234 Å/h). Then, after an initial oxide thickness of 6-22 Å was formed, the rate decreased markedly (~1.5-4.0Å/h). Neither rate regime can be explained by the standard Deal-Grove (D-G) model for Si oxidation. These results are a significant step toward developing a better understanding of this critical thickness regime.

45

Chemical evolution with radial mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Models of the chemical evolution of our Galaxy are extended to include radial migration of stars and flow of gas through the disc. The models track the production of both iron and alpha elements. A model is chosen that provides an excellent fit to the metallicity distribution of stars in the Geneva-Copenhagen survey (GCS) of the solar neighbourhood, and an acceptable fit to the local Hess diagram. The model provides a good fit to the distribution of GCS stars in the age-metallicity plane although this plane was not used in the fitting process. Although this model's star-formation rate is monotonic declining, its disc naturally splits into an alpha-enhanced thick disc and a normal thin disc. In particular the model's distribution of stars in the ([O/Fe],[Fe/H]) plane resembles that of Galactic stars in displaying a ridge line for each disc. The thin-disc's ridge line is entirely due to stellar migration and there is the characteristic variation of stellar angular momentum along it that has been noted by Haywoo...

Schoenrich, Ralph

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Dynamic gating window for compensation of baseline shift in respiratory-gated radiation therapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To analyze and evaluate the necessity and use of dynamic gating techniques for compensation of baseline shift during respiratory-gated radiation therapy of lung tumors. Methods: Motion tracking data from 30 lung tumors over 592 treatment fractions were analyzed for baseline shift. The finite state model (FSM) was used to identify the end-of-exhale (EOE) breathing phase throughout each treatment fraction. Using duty cycle as an evaluation metric, several methods of end-of-exhale dynamic gating were compared: An a posteriori ideal gating window, a predictive trend-line-based gating window, and a predictive weighted point-based gating window. These methods were evaluated for each of several gating window types: Superior/inferior (SI) gating, anterior/posterior beam, lateral beam, and 3D gating. Results: In the absence of dynamic gating techniques, SI gating gave a 39.6% duty cycle. The ideal SI gating window yielded a 41.5% duty cycle. The weight-based method of dynamic SI gating yielded a duty cycle of 36.2%. The trend-line-based method yielded a duty cycle of 34.0%. Conclusions: Dynamic gating was not broadly beneficial due to a breakdown of the FSM's ability to identify the EOE phase. When the EOE phase was well defined, dynamic gating showed an improvement over static-window gating.

Pepin, Eric W.; Wu Huanmei; Shirato, Hiroki [School of Health Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Purdue School of Engineering Technology, IUPUI, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202 (United States); Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, 060-8638 (Japan)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Gate fidelity of arbitrary single-qubit gates constrained by conservation laws  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent investigations show that conservation laws limit the accuracy of gate operations in quantum computing. The inevitable error under the angular momentum conservation law has been evaluated so far for the CNOT, Hadamard, and NOT gates for spin 1/2 qubits, while the SWAP gate has no constraint. Here, we extend the above results to general single-qubit gates. We obtain an upper bound of the gate fidelity of arbitrary single-qubit gates implemented under arbitrary conservation laws, determined by the geometry of the conservation law and the gate operation on the Bloch sphere as well as the size of the ancilla.

Tokishiro Karasawa; Julio Gea-Banacloche; Masanao Ozawa

2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

48

Radial power flattening in sodium fast reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to improve a new design for a uranium startup sodium cooled fast reactor which was proposed at MIT, this thesis evaluated radial power flattening by varying the fuel volume fraction at a fixed U-235 enrichment of ...

Krentz-Wee, Rebecca (Rebecca Elizabeth)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards September 8, 2011 - 11:46am Addthis Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards DOE's Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) initiative will award $6.4 million over the course of five years to support seven Centers of Excellence at American colleges, universities, and university-affiliated research institutions. The awardees will focus on three critical automotive technology areas: hybrid propulsion, energy storage, and lightweight materials. By funding curriculum development and expansion as well as laboratory work, GATE allows higher education institutions to develop multidisciplinary training. As a result, GATE promotes the development of a

50

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards September 8, 2011 - 11:46am Addthis Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards DOE's Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) initiative will award $6.4 million over the course of five years to support seven Centers of Excellence at American colleges, universities, and university-affiliated research institutions. The awardees will focus on three critical automotive technology areas: hybrid propulsion, energy storage, and lightweight materials. By funding curriculum development and expansion as well as laboratory work, GATE allows higher education institutions to develop multidisciplinary training. As a result, GATE promotes the development of a

51

DETERMINATION OF RADIAL MOMENTS OF AN AEROSOL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DETERMINATION OF RADIAL MOMENTS OF AN AEROSOL DETERMINATION OF RADIAL MOMENTS OF AN AEROSOL SIZE DISTRIBUTION FROM MEASUREMENTS OF LIGHT TRANSMITTANCE AND SCATTERING Ernie R. Lewis and Stephen E. Schwartz Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11933 ses@bnl.gov elewis@bnl.gov MOMENTS FROM MEASUREMENTS As each of the measured quantities is linear in the size distribution dn/dr, it is possible to construct linear combinations of measurements that yield

52

Skew-Radial Basis Function Expansions for Empirical Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a skew-radial basis function (sRBF) expansion for the empirical model fitting problem. sRBFs employ a standard radial term, which is now made asymmetric by modulating, or skewing it with another function. The additional parameters in the skewing ... Keywords: data fitting, data interpolation, function approximation, manifold learning, radial basis function, skew-radial basis function

Arta A. Jamshidi; Michael J. Kirby

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Dispersion-free radial transmission lines  

SciTech Connect

A dispersion-free radial transmission line ("DFRTL") preferably for linear accelerators, having two plane conductors each with a central hole, and an electromagnetically permeable material ("EPM") between the two conductors and surrounding a channel connecting the two holes. At least one of the material parameters of relative magnetic permeability, relative dielectric permittivity, and axial width of the EPM is varied as a function of radius, so that the characteristic impedance of the DFRTL is held substantially constant, and pulse transmission therethrough is substantially dispersion-free. Preferably, the EPM is divided into concentric radial sections, with the varied material parameters held constant in each respective section but stepwise varied between sections as a step function of the radius. The radial widths of the concentric sections are selected so that pulse traversal time across each section is the same, and the varied material parameters of the concentric sections are selected to minimize traversal error.

Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Nelson, Scott D. (Patterson, CA)

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

54

Radial flow nuclear thermal rocket (RFNTR)  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radial flow nuclear thermal rocket fuel assembly includes a substantially conical fuel element having an inlet side and an outlet side. An annular channel is disposed in the element for receiving a nuclear propellant, and a second, conical, channel is disposed in the element for discharging the propellant. The first channel is located radially outward from the second channel, and separated from the second channel by an annular fuel bed volume. This fuel bed volume can include a packed bed of loose fuel beads confined by a cold porous inlet frit and a hot porous exit frit. The loose fuel beads include ZrC coated ZrC-UC beads. In this manner, nuclear propellant enters the fuel assembly axially into the first channel at the inlet side of the element, flows axially across the fuel bed volume, and is discharged from the assembly by flowing radially outward from the second channel at the outlet side of the element.

Leyse, Carl F. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Radial-fit bolts save millions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Radial Fit Coupling Bolt, developed by Pilgrim International in Oldham, England, is a device for coupling turbine shafts. It has been available for more than six years, and has now completed a full outage cycle. Bolts removed during a routine service outage at two nuclear power stations were undamaged, and could not only be reused but each reinstalled in minutes. Several power stations in England and the US which installed radial fit coupling bolts to turbines five years ago are now finding dramatic savings in outage costs, through the greater ease of separation and reassembly of turbine shafts, and the reusability of the bolts. 2 figs.

Jeffs, E.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Self?aligned high electron mobility transistor gate fabrication using focused ion beams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new gate fabrication technique has been developed based on focused ion beam exposure and reactive ion etching of a polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)/Ge/PMMA multilevel resist structure. The focused ion beam exposes the thin PMMA imaging layer that is transferred directly to the germanium layer using reactive ion etching (RIE). The underlying resist is etched first in oxygen at high pressure

G. M. Atkinson; R. L. Kubena; L. E. Larson; L. D. Nguyen; F. P. Stratton; L. M. Jelloian; M. V. Le; H. McNulty

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Timing driven power gating in high-level synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The power gating technique is useful in reducing standby leakage current, but it increases the gate delay. For a functional unit, its maximum allowable delay (for a target clock period) limits the smallest standby leakage current its power gating can ...

Shih-Hsu Huang; Chun-Hua Cheng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Extended foil capacitor with radially spoked electrodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An extended foil capacitor has a conductive disk electrically connected in noncrushing contact to the extended foil. A conductive paste is placed through spaces between radial spokes on the disk to electrically and mechanically connect the extended foil to the disk.

Foster, J.C.

1989-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

59

Robust gate sizing by geometric programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an efficient optimization scheme for gate sizing in the presence of process variations. Using a posynomial delay model, the delay constraints are modified to incorporate uncertainty in the transistor widths and effective channel lengths due ... Keywords: gate sizing, geometric program, optimization, posynomial, uncertainty ellipsoid

Jaskirat Singh; Vidyasagar Nookala; Zhi-Quan Luo; Sachin Sapatnekar

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Retaining latch for a water pit gate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to retaining devices which are used to latch two elements or parts together and, more particularly, to gate latches for use in locking a gate to a wall bracket in a water pit utilized to store or handle hazardous materials. A retaining latch is provided comprising a latch plate which is rotatably mounted to each end of the top of the gate and a recessed opening, formed in the gate frame, for engaging an edge of the latch plate. The latch plate is circular in profile with one side cut away or flat, such that the latch plate is D-shaped. The remaining circular edge of the latch plate comprises steps of successively reduced thickness. The stepped edge of the latch plate fits inside a recessed opening formed in the gate frame. As the latch plate is rotated, alternate steps of the latch plate are engaged by the recessed opening. When the latch plate is rotated such that the flat portion of the latch plate faces the recessed opening in the gate frame, there is no connection between the opening and the latch plate and the gate is unlatched from the gate frame.

Beale, A.R.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Airport Gate Scheduling with Time Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In contrast to the existing airport gate assignment studies where flight have fixed schedules, we consider the more realistic situation where flight arrival and departure times can change. Although we minimize walking distances (or travel time) in our ... Keywords: aircraft gate scheduling, memetic algorithm, tabu search

A. Lim; B. Rodrigues; Y. Zhu

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Automatically closing swing gate closure assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A swing gate closure assembly for nuclear reactor tipoff assembly wherein the swing gate is cammed open by a fuel element or spacer but is reliably closed at a desired closing rate primarily by hydraulic forces in the absence of a fuel charge.

Chang, Shih-Chih (Richland, WA); Schuck, William J. (Richland, WA); Gilmore, Richard F. (Kennewick, WA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

NMR quantum gate factorization through canonical cosets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The block canonical coset decomposition is developed as a universal algorithmic tool to synthesize n-qubit quantum gates out of experimentally realizable NMR elements. The two-, three-, and four-qubit quantum Fourier transformations are worked out as examples. The proposed decomposition bridges the state of the art numerical analysis with NMR quantum gate synthesis.

Renan Cabrera; Denys I. Bondar; Herschel A. Rabitz

2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

64

PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MedGate Occupational Health and Safety Medical System (OHS) (Includes the Drug and Alcohol Testing System (Assistant)) PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate...

65

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Notrees Wind Storage - Jeff Gates, Duke...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notrees Energy Storage Project Jeff Gates Duke Energy jeff.gates@duke-energy.com Project Objectives * Use energy storage to increase the value and practical application of wind...

66

SPEED CONTROL SYSTEM FOR AN ACCESS GATE - Energy Innovation Portal  

An access control apparatus for an access gate. The access gate typically has a rotator that is configured to rotate around a rotator axis at a first ...

67

CC Pressure Test  

SciTech Connect

The inner vessel heads including bypass and beam tubes had just been welded into place and dye penetrant checked. The vacuum heads were not on at this time but the vacuum shell was on covering the piping penetrating into the inner vessel. Signal boxes with all feed through boards, the instrumentation box, and high voltage boxes were all installed with their pump outs capped. All 1/4-inch instrumentation lines were terminated at their respective shutoff valves. All vacuum piping used for pumping down the inner vessel was isolated using o-ring sealed blind flanges. PV215A (VAT Series 12), the 4-inch VRC gate valve isolating the cyropump, and the rupture disk had to be removed and replaced with blind flanges before pressurizing due to their pressure limitations. Stresses in plates used as blind flanges were checked using Code calcualtions. Before the CC test, vacuum style blanks and clamps were hydrostatically pressure tested to 150% of the maximum test pressure, 60 psig. The Code inspector and Research Division Safety had all given their approval to the test pressure and procedure prior to filling the vessel with argon. The test was a major success. Based on the lack of any distinguishable pressure drop indicated on the pressure gages, the vessel appeared to be structurally sound throughout the duration of the test (approx. 3 hrs.). A major leak in the instrumentation tubing was discovered at half of the maximum test pressure and was quickly isolated by crimping and capping with a compression fitting. There were some slight deviations in the actual procedure used. The 44 psig relief valve located just outside the cleanroom had to be capped until the pressure in the vessel indicated 38 psi. This was to allow higher supply pressures and hence, higher flows through the pressurizing line. Also, in order to get pressure readings at the cryostat without exposing any personnel to the potentially dangerous stored energy near the maximum test pressure, a camera was installed at the top of the vessel to view the indicator mounted there. The monitor was viewed at the ante room adjacent to the cleanroom. The holding pressure of 32 psig (4/5 of the maximum test pressure) was only maintained for about 20 minutes instead of the half hour recommendation in the procedure. We felt that this was sufficient time to Snoop test and perform the pressure drop test. After the test was completed, the inspector for CBI Na-Con and the Research Divison Safety Officer signed all of required documentation.

Dixon, K.; /Fermilab

1990-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

68

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Center  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Center at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville has completed its sixth year of operation. During this period the Center has involved thirteen GATE Fellows and ten GATE Research Assistants in preparing them to contribute to advanced automotive technologies in the center's focus area: hybrid drive trains and control systems. Eighteen GATE students have graduated, and three have completed their course work requirements. Nine faculty members from three departments in the College of Engineering have been involved in the GATE Center. In addition to the impact that the Center has had on the students and faculty involved, the presence of the center has led to the acquisition of resources that probably would not have been obtained if the GATE Center had not existed. Significant industry interaction such as internships, equipment donations, and support for GATE students has been realized. The value of the total resources brought to the university (including related research contracts) exceeds $4,000,000. Problem areas are discussed in the hope that future activities may benefit from the operation of the current program.

Jeffrey Hodgson; David Irick

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

69

Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radial Air Bearing Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE

70

Radar Wind Profiler Radial Velocity: A Comparison with Doppler Lidar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accuracy of the radial wind velocity measured with a radar wind profiler will depend on turbulent variability and instrumental noise. Radial velocity estimates of a boundary layer wind profiler are compared with those estimated by a Doppler ...

Stephen A. Cohn; R. Kent Goodrich

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Solving Radial Topology Constrained Problems with Evolutionary Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report key algorithmic specific features involved in the evolutionary radial network problem solution. We focus on the dimensionality problem of large-scale networks and on the singularities of the radial topology search space. We (1) report the difficulties ...

P. M. S. Carvalho; L. A. F. M. Ferreira; L. M. F. Barruncho

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Quantum gates and their coexisting geometric phases  

SciTech Connect

Geometric phases arise naturally in a variety of quantum systems with observable consequences. They also arise in quantum computations when dressed states are used in gating operations. Here we show how they arise in these gating operations and how one may take advantage of the dressed states producing them. Specifically, we show that for a given, but arbitrary Hamiltonian, and at an arbitrary time {tau}, there always exists a set of dressed states such that a given gate operation can be performed by the Hamiltonian up to a phase {phi}. The phase is a sum of a dynamical phase and a geometric phase. We illustrate the dressed phase for several systems.

Wu Lianao [Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science, E-48011 Bilbao (Spain); Department of Theoretical Physics and History of Science, Basque Country University (EHU/UPV), P.O. Box 644, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain); Bishop, C. Allen [Physics Department, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901-4401 (United States); Byrd, Mark S. [Physics Department, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901-4401 (United States); Computer Science Department, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

David A Gates | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Gates A Gates Principal Research Physicist, Stellerator Physics Lead, Advanced Projects Division, Science Focus Group Leader for Macroscopic Stability David Gates is a principal research physicist for the advanced projects division of PPPL, and the stellarator physics leader at the Laboratory. In the latter capacity he leads collaborative efforts with the Wendelstein 7-X and Large Helical Device stellarator projects in Germany and Japan, respectively. Gates is first author of more than a dozen research papers, including an April, 2012, paper that proposed a possible solution to a critical barrier to fusion as a source of energy for generating electricity. Interests Collisional energy transport High-frequency Alfvén waves Fast-ion energy transfer Ideal and resistive magneto-hydrodynamic stability

74

Observations and Mechanisms of GATE Waterspouts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The GATE data base for days 261 and 186 is used for a combined observational and numerical investigation of interacting cumulus processes that may be important in the generation of waterspouts. The results suggest that the existence of cumulus-...

Joanne Simpson; Bruce R. Morton; Michael C. McCumber; Richard S. Penc

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Gate potential control of nanofluidic devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of an external gate potential control on the nanofluidic nanochannels was experimentally investigated in this work. Like in the field effect transistors (FET) in microelectronics, molecular transport in ...

Le Coguic, Arnaud

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

NBTI-aware power gating design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A header-based power gating structure inserts PMOS as sleep transistors between the power rail and the circuit. Since PMOS sleep transistors in the functional mode are turned-on continuously, Negative Bias Temperature Instability (NBTI) influences the ...

Ming-Chao Lee; Yu-Guang Chen; Ding-Kei Huang; Shih-Chieh Chang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

The GATE Boundary Layer Instrumentation System (BLIS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tethered sonde, the Boundary Layer Instrument System (BLIS), was designed for use from shipboard platforms in the GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE). This system was able to monitor the thermal and kinematic properties of the boundary ...

Donald P. Wylie; Chester F. Ropelewski

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Water gate array for current flow or tidal movement pneumatic harnessing system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention, which provides a system for harnessing power from current flow or tidal movement in a body of water, comprises first and second hydro-pneumatic chambers each having ingress and egress below the water surface near the river or ocean floor and water gates operative to open or seal the ports to the passage of water. In an exemplary embodiment, the gates are sychronized by shafts so that the ingress ports of each chamber are connected to the egress ports of each other chamber. Thus, one set of gates is closed, while the other is open, thereby allowing water to flow into one chamber and build air pressure therein and allowing water to flow out of the other chamber and create a partial vacuum therein. A pipe connects the chambers, and an air turbine harnesses the air movement within the pipe. When water levels are equilibrated, the open set of gates is closed by a counterweight, and the other set is allowed to open by natural force of the water differential. The water gates may be comprised of a plurality of louvers which are ganged for simultaneous opening and closing. The system is designed to operate with air turbines or other pneumatic devices. Its design minimizes construction cost and environmental impact, yet provides a clean renewable energy source.

Gorlov, Alexander M. (Brookline, MA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

GaTe semiconductor for radiation detection  

SciTech Connect

GaTe semiconductor is used as a room-temperature radiation detector. GaTe has useful properties for radiation detectors: ideal bandgap, favorable mobilities, low melting point (no evaporation), non-hygroscopic nature, and availability of high-purity starting materials. The detector can be used, e.g., for detection of illicit nuclear weapons and radiological dispersed devices at ports of entry, in cities, and off shore and for determination of medical isotopes present in a patient.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Burger, Arnold (Nashville, TN); Mandal, Krishna C. (Ashland, MA)

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

80

Methods and apparatus for radially compliant component mounting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus for a mounting assembly for a liner of a gas turbine engine combustor are provided. The combustor includes a combustor liner and a radially outer annular flow sleeve. The mounting assembly includes an inner ring surrounding a radially outer surface of the liner and including a plurality of axially extending fingers. The mounting assembly also includes a radially outer ring coupled to the inner ring through a plurality of spacers that extend radially from a radially outer surface of the inner ring to the outer ring.

Bulman, David Edward (Cincinnati, OH); Darkins, Jr., Toby George (Loveland, OH); Stumpf, James Anthony (Columbus, IN); Schroder, Mark S. (Greenville, SC); Lipinski, John Joseph (Simpsonville, SC)

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Range gated strip proximity sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A range gated strip proximity sensor uses one set of sensor electronics and a distributed antenna or strip which extends along the perimeter to be sensed. A micro-power RF transmitter is coupled to the first end of the strip and transmits a sequence of RF pulses on the strip to produce a sensor field along the strip. A receiver is coupled to the second end of the strip, and generates a field reference signal in response to the sequence of pulse on the line combined with received electromagnetic energy from reflections in the field. The sensor signals comprise pulses of radio frequency signals having a duration of less than 10 nanoseconds, and a pulse repetition rate on the order of 1 to 10 MegaHertz or less. The duration of the radio frequency pulses is adjusted to control the range of the sensor. An RF detector feeds a filter capacitor in response to received pulses on the strip line to produce a field reference signal representing the average amplitude of the received pulses. When a received pulse is mixed with a received echo, the mixing causes a fluctuation in the amplitude of the field reference signal, providing a range-limited Doppler type signature of a field disturbance. 6 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1996-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

82

Range gated strip proximity sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A range gated strip proximity sensor uses one set of sensor electronics and a distributed antenna or strip which extends along the perimeter to be sensed. A micro-power RF transmitter is coupled to the first end of the strip and transmits a sequence of RF pulses on the strip to produce a sensor field along the strip. A receiver is coupled to the second end of the strip, and generates a field reference signal in response to the sequence of pulse on the line combined with received electromagnetic energy from reflections in the field. The sensor signals comprise pulses of radio frequency signals having a duration of less than 10 nanoseconds, and a pulse repetition rate on the order of 1 to 10 MegaHertz or less. The duration of the radio frequency pulses is adjusted to control the range of the sensor. An RF detector feeds a filter capacitor in response to received pulses on the strip line to produce a field reference signal representing the average amplitude of the received pulses. When a received pulse is mixed with a received echo, the mixing causes a fluctuation in the amplitude of the field reference signal, providing a range-limited Doppler type signature of a field disturbance.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Characterizing Quantum Gates via Randomized Benchmarking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe and expand upon the scalable randomized benchmarking protocol proposed in Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 180504 (2011) which provides a method for benchmarking quantum gates and estimating the gate-dependence of the noise. The protocol allows the noise to have weak time and gate-dependence, and we provide a sufficient condition for the applicability of the protocol in terms of the average variation of the noise. We discuss how state preparation and measurement errors are taken into account and provide a complete proof of the scalability of the protocol. We establish a connection in special cases between the error rate provided by this protocol and the error strength measured using the diamond norm distance.

Easwar Magesan; Jay M. Gambetta; Joseph Emerson

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

84

Analysis of a radial-outflow reaction turbine concept for geothermal application  

SciTech Connect

The radial-outflow reaction turbine, a pure-reaction turbine designed to improve the conversion efficiency of geothermal energy into electrical power is described. It also has potential as a total-flow turbine for low-temperature water. The principle of incomplete expansion can be used to obtain a reduction in turbine size when the turbine exhausts into a low-pressure condenser. And, by adding this turbine to single- and two-stage flashed-steam systems, the conversion efficiency of systems utilizing low- and high-energy wellhead sources, respectively can be improved. The Appendix outlines the analysis of the radial-outflow reaction turbine and leads to an expression for engine efficiency.

House, P.A.

1978-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

85

Comparison between the radial density buildup in the TARA plugs using hydrogen versus deuterium neutral beams  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The WOLF code is used to compare the beam divergences from a TARA source using hydrogen and deuterium. Factors which influence the divergence which are investigated are the electron temperature, initial ion energy, electrode positions and ion beam current density. The beam divergence for 20 keV hydrogen is found to be only 20% smaller than for 25 keV deuterium for the same electrode positions. Since the optimal positioning of the electrodes is found to be independent of mesh spacing, a large parameter study is undertaken using little computer time. A time-dependent radial Fokker-Planck code is next used to examine the radial density buildup in a plug of the TARA tandem mirror. For both hydrogen and deuterium neutral beams, the influences of beam positioning, current and energy, edge neutral pressure and assumed electron temperature are studied.

Blackfield, D.T.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Effect of Oxygen on Ni-Silicided FUSI Metal Gate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continual evolution of the CMOS technology requires thinner gate dielectric to maintain high performance. However, when moving into the sub-65 nm CMOS generation, the traditional poly-Si gate approach cannot effectively ...

Yu, H.P.

87

Evolving GATE to meet new challenges in language engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present recent work on GATE, a widely-used framework and graphical development environment for creating and deploying Language Engineering components and resources in a robust fashion. The GATE architecture has facilitated the development ...

Kalina Bontcheva; Valentin Tablan; Diana Maynard; Hamish Cunningham

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Using GATE as an environment for teaching NLP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we argue that the GATE architecture and visual development environment can be used as an effective tool for teaching language engineering and computational linguistics. Since GATE comes with a customisable and extendable set of components, ...

Kalina Bontcheva; Hamish Cunningham; Valentin Tablan; Diana Maynard; Oana Hamza

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Simulation of multiple-gate quantum stub transistor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The quantum stub transistor has the potential for ultrafast, ultra low power signal processing in high density integrated circuits. However, the single gate stub transistor presents the shortcoming of requiring highly precise gate voltage to close the ... Keywords: multiple gate, simulation, stub transistor

Edval J. P. Santos; Alexandre B. Guerra

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Two methods of realising 10nm T-gate lithography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents two separate methods for the fabrication of 10nm footprint T-gates using a two-step gate process. We examine the limits of lithographic and pattern transfer processes using the exposure of ZEP520A resist by electron beam lithography, ... Keywords: Electron beam lithography, HEMT, ICP, RIE, Reactive ion etching, T-gate

S. Bentley; X. Li; D. A. J. Moran; I. G. Thayne

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Damascene TiN-Gd2O3-gate stacks: Gentle fabrication and electrical properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we present MOS capacitors and field effect transistors with a crystalline gadolinium oxide (Gd"2O"3) gate dielectric and metal gate electrode (titanium nitride) fabricated in a gentle damascene gate last process. Details of the gate last ... Keywords: Crystalline high-k dielectrics, Damascene metal gate technology, Gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3), Gentle process integration, MOSFET, Metal gate electrode

Ralf Endres; Tillmann Krauss; Frank Wessely; Udo Schwalke

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Waves at 200 mb during GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 200 mb data set obtained during the GATE experiment of the 1974 summer for the period 15 June-23 September and covering the global tropics 25S to 45N has been analyzed to determine the presence of certain wave modes in the tropical ...

Colin A. Depradine

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Efficient tiling patterns for reconfigurable gate arrays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a few potentially efficient tiling patterns for gate-array realizations. We start with a brief recapitulation of tiling patterns, and fundamental limits of placement/routing in a two-dimensional plane. We state the first principles ... Keywords: FPGA, hexagonal, octagonal, tiling

Sumanta Chaudhuri; Sylvain Guilley; Philippe Hoogvorst; Jean-Luc Danger

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Deep Convection on Day 261 of GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aircraft, radar, satellite and ship data, gathered on 18 September 1974 during GATE, have been brought to bear an clouds of the middle and upper troposphere associated with a cloud cluster occurring near the ridge axis of a 700 mb wave.

C. Warner; J. Simpson; G. Van Helvoirt; D. W. Martin; D. Suchman; G. L. Austin

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Gaussian mixture CPHD filter with gating technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cardinalized probability hypothesis density (CPHD) filter provides more accurate estimates of target number than the probability hypothesis density (PHD) filter, and hence, also of the states of targets. This additional capability comes at the price ... Keywords: Finite sets statistics, Gating, Gaussian mixture, Probability hypothesis density, Target tracking

Hongjian Zhang; Zhongliang Jing; Shiqiang Hu

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Hierarchical Structure for function approximation using radial basis function  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hierarchial network proposed (Multi-RBFNN), is composed of complete Radial Basis Function Neural Networks (RBFNNs) that are in charge of a reduced set of input variables with the property of which every Sub-RBFNN can take charge of a set of input ... Keywords: function approximation, hierarchical architectures, input variable selection, radial bases functions

A. Awad; H. Pomares; I. Rojas; L. J. Herrera; A. Guillen; O. Valenzuela

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Prediction of Critical Desalination Parameters Using Radial Basis Functions Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prediction of critical desalination parameters (recovery and salt rejection) of two distinct processes based on real operational data is presented. The proposed method utilizes the radial basis function network using data clustering and histogram equalization. ... Keywords: neural network, radial basis, reverse osmosis

Mutaz M. Jafar; Ali Zilouchian

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Research Project | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Research Project HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) radial air bearing heat exchangers. Rotary air bearing heat exchanger technology simultaneously solves four long standing problems of conventional "fan-plus-finned-heat-sink" heat exchangers. Project Description This project seeks to design, fabricate, and test successive generations of prototype radial air bearing heat exchanger devices based on lessons learned and further insights into device optimization, computational fluid dynamic studies for parametric optimization and determination of scaling laws, and laboratory measurement of flow field and heat transfer

99

Estimation of gate-to-channel tunneling current in ultra-thin oxide sub-50nm double gate devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Double gate (DG) FETs have emerged as the most promising technology for sub-50nm transistor design. However, analysis and control of the gate tunneling leakage in DGFET is necessary to fully exploit their advantages. In this paper we have modeled (numerically ... Keywords: Direct tunneling, Double gate, Leakage, Quantum confinement

Saibal Mukhopadhyay; Keunwoo Kim; Jae-Joon Kim; Shih-Hsien Lo; Rajiv V. Joshi; Ching-Te Chuang; Kaushik Roy

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Application of group electronegativity concepts to the effective work functions of metal gate electrodes on high- ? gate oxides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The empirical relationship between electronegativity and effective work function is applied to a diverse set of multi-element electrode materials on hafnium dioxide (HfO"2) gate dielectrics. To accommodate the multi-element nature of metal gate electrodes ... Keywords: Effective work function, Electronegativity, Hafnium dioxide, Metal gate electrode

J. K. Schaeffer; D. C. Gilmer; C. Capasso; S. Kalpat; B. Taylor; M. V. Raymond; D. Triyoso; R. Hegde; S. B. Samavedam; B. E. White, Jr

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Quantum process tomography of a controlled-NOT gate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate complete characterization of a two-qubit entangling process - a linear optics controlled-NOT gate operating with coincident detection - by quantum process tomography. We use maximum-likelihood estimation to convert the experimental data into a physical process matrix. The process matrix allows accurate prediction of the operation of the gate for arbitrary input states, and calculation of gate performance measures such as the average gate fidelity, average purity and entangling capability of our gate, which are 0.90, 0.83 and 0.73, respectively.

J. L. O'Brien; G. J. Pryde; A. Gilchrist; D. F. V. James; N. K. Langford; T. C. Ralph; A. G. White

2004-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

102

AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation Place Des Moines, Iowa Zip 50266 Product Offset aggregators that work with American farmers, ranchers, and private forest owners, providing clients with cash flows produced by the sale of credits. Offsets are sold on the Chicago Climate Exchange References AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation is a company located in Des Moines, Iowa . References ↑ "AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=AgraGate_Carbon_Credits_Corporation&oldid=341882"

103

Radial wave thermoacoustic engines: Theory and examples for refrigerators and high?gain narrow?bandwidth photoacoustic spectrometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theoretical analysis of radial wave thermoacoustic engines in cylindrical resonators is developed. Impedance and pressure translation equations are presented for open sections of the resonator and for heat exchangers. Coupled first?order differential equations are given for pressure and impedance in the temperature gradient supporting engine section (stack). These quantities are used to calculate heat and work flows and to predict engine performance. Theory and design of a variable quality factor resonator for enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy are presented. The short stack approximation is developed for the radial geometry and is used along with plane?wave equations to compare refrigerator performance for these two geometries. Results of the comparison are that engines in the plane?wave geometry are better overall refrigerators when maximizing the coefficient of performance and cooling capacity together.

W. Patrick Arnott; Richard Raspet; Hans Moosmller

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Edge Radial Electric Field on Alcator C-Mod  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Edge Radial Electric Field on Alcator C-Mod Edge Radial Electric Field on Alcator C-Mod R. M. McDermott 1 , B. Lipschultz 1 , K. Marr 1 , I. Bespamyatnov 2 , J. W. Hughes 1 , W. Rowan 2, , D. Whyte 1 1 Plasma Science and Fusion Center, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA 2 Fusion Research Center, University of Texas, Austin Texas, USA Edge CXRS System on Alcator C-Mod E r in L-Mode Plasmas Calculation of the Radial Electric Field C G D Edge Poloidal System:

105

Pressurized security barrier and alarm system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A security barrier for placement across a passageway is made up of interconnected pressurized tubing made up in a grid pattern with openings too small to allow passage. The tubing is connected to a pressure switch, located away from the barrier site, which activates an alarm upon occurrence of a pressure drop. A reinforcing bar is located inside and along the length of the tubing so as to cause the tubing to rupture and set off the alarm upon an intruder`s making an attempt to crimp and seal off a portion of the tubing by application of a hydraulic tool. Radial and rectangular grid patterns are disclosed.

Carver, D.W.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

106

Pressurized security barrier and alarm system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A security barrier for placement across a passageway is made up of interconnected pressurized tubing made up in a grid pattern with openings too small to allow passage. The tubing is connected to a pressure switch, located away from the barrier site, which activates an alarm upon occurrence of a pressure drop. A reinforcing bar is located inside and along the length of the tubing so as to cause the tubing to rupture and set off the alarm upon an intruder`s making an attempt to crimp and seal off a portion of the tubing by application of a hydraulic tool. Radial and rectangular grid patterns are disclosed. 7 figures.

Carver, D.W.

1995-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

107

Pressurized security barrier and alarm system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A security barrier for placement across a passageway is made up of interconnected pressurized tubing made up in a grid pattern with openings too small to allow passage. The tubing is connected to a pressure switch, located away from the barrier site, which activates an alarm upon occurrence of a pressure drop. A reinforcing bar is located inside and along the length of the tubing so as to cause the tubing to rupture and set off the alarm upon an intruder's making an attempt to crimp and seal off a portion of the tubing by application of a hydraulic tool. Radial and rectangular grid patterns are disclosed.

Carver, Don W. (Knoxville, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Gates, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gates, Oregon: Energy Resources Gates, Oregon: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.7562329°, -122.4167483° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.7562329,"lon":-122.4167483,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

109

Fractional diffusion modeling of ion channel gating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An anomalous diffusion model for ion channel gating is put forward. This modeling scheme is able to describe the non-exponential, power-law like gating behavior of residence time intervals in several types of ion channels. Our scheme presents a generalization of the discrete diffusion model by Millhauser, Salpeter and Oswald [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85, 1503 (1988)] to the case of a continuous, anomalously slow conformational diffusion. The corresponding generalization is derived from a continuous time random walk composed of nearest neighbor jumps which in the scaling limit results in a fractional diffusion equation. The studied model contains three parameters only: the mean residence time, a characteristic time of conformational diffusion, and the index of subdiffusion. A tractable analytical expression for the characteristic function of the residence time distribution (RTD) is obtained. In the limiting case of normal diffusion a prior result of Goychuk and Hanggi [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 3552 (20...

Goychuk, I; Goychuk, Igor; Hanggi, Peter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Patient training in respiratory-gated radiotherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Respiratory gating is used to counter the effects of organ motion during radiotherapy for chest tumors. The effects of variations in patient breathing patterns during a single treatment and from day to day are unknown. We evaluated the feasibility of using patient training tools and their effect on the breathing cycle regularity and reproducibility during respiratory-gated radiotherapy. To monitor respiratory patterns, we used a component of a commercially available respiratory-gated radiotherapy system (Real Time Position Management (RPM) System, Varian Oncology Systems, Palo Alto, CA 94304). This passive marker video tracking system consists of reflective markers placed on the patient's chest or abdomen, which are detected by a wall-mounted video camera. Software installed on a PC interfaced to this camera detects the marker motion digitally and records it. The marker position as a function of time serves as the motion signal that may be used to trigger imaging or treatment. The training tools used were audio prompting and visual feedback, with free breathing as a control. The audio prompting method used instructions to 'breathe in' or 'breathe out' at periodic intervals deduced from patients' own breathing patterns. In the visual feedback method, patients were shown a real-time trace of their abdominal wall motion due to breathing. Using this, they were asked to maintain a constant amplitude of motion. Motion traces of the abdominal wall were recorded for each patient for various maneuvers. Free breathing showed a variable amplitude and frequency. Audio prompting resulted in a reproducible frequency; however, the variability and the magnitude of amplitude increased. Visual feedback gave a better control over the amplitude but showed minor variations in frequency. We concluded that training improves the reproducibility of amplitude and frequency of patient breathing cycles. This may increase the accuracy of respiratory-gated radiation therapy.

Kini, Vijay R.; Vedam, Subrahmanya S.; Keall, Paul J.; Patil, Sumukh; Chen, Clayton; Mohan, Radhe

2003-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

111

The Effect of Horizontal Pressure Gradients on the Momentum Transport in Tropical Convective Lines. Part II: Lagrangian Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The movement of a set of Lagrangian parcels in the two-dimensional pressure field associated with a tropical convective line is considered. The results are compared with observational characteristics of GATE quasi-two-dimensional convective ...

Maria Flatau; Duane E. Stevens

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Design and parametric simulation of radially oriented electromagnetic actuators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the design and simulation of an electromagnetic actuator system capable of delivering large pulses of radial force onto a cylindrical surface. Due to its robust design, simple control scheme, and large ...

Bosworth, William R., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Pressure Tubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 8   Specifications for carbon and alloy steel pressure tubes (ASTM)...medium-strength carbon-molybdenum alloy

114

Dynamic Pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The higher pressure range will cover the important application of gas turbine engine testing. Gas turbines are used for propulsion on aircraft and ...

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

115

An Analytic Model of the Wind and Pressure Profiles in Hurricanes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analytic model of the radial profiles of sea level pressure and winds in a hurricane is presented. The equations contain two parameters which may be empirically estimated from observations in a hurricane or determined climatologically to ...

Greg J. Holland

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Radial Eigenmodes for a Toroidal Waveguide with Rectangular Cross Section  

SciTech Connect

In applying mode expansion to solve the CSR impedance for a section of toroidal vacuum chamber with rectangular cross section, we identify the eigenvalue problem for the radial eigenmodes which is different from that for cylindrical structures. In this paper, we present the general expressions of the radial eigenmodes, and discuss the properties of the eigenvalues on the basis of the Sturm-Liouville theory.

Rui Li

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

All-optical reversible logic gate via adiabatic population transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Toffoli gate is an essential logic element, which permits implementation of a reversible processor. It is of relevance both for classical as well as quantum logics. We propose and theoretically study all-optical implementations of three-bit and four-bit Toffoli gates by application of adiabatic population transfer techniques. For a three-bit Toffoli gate we use variants of stimulated Raman adiabatic passage (STIRAP) processes in a $\\Lambda$-type level scheme, driven by two laser pulses at sufficiently large detunings. For the implementation of a four-bit Toffoli gate, we apply reversible adiabatic population transfer in five-level quantum systems, interacting with three laser pulses. We demonstrate correct all-optical implementation of the truth table of three-bit and four-bit Toffoli gates. Moreover, we derive conditions for adiabatic evolution of the population dynamics and robust operation of the gates.

G. Grigoryan; V. Chaltykyan; E. Gazazyan; O. Tikhova; T. Halfmann

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

118

High fidelity gates in quantum dot spin qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several logical qubits and quantum gates have been proposed for semiconductor quantum dots controlled by voltages applied to top gates. Differences between the schemes can make it difficult to compare them meaningfully. Here we develop a theoretical framework to evaluate disparate qubit-gating schemes on an equal footing. We apply the procedure to two types of double-dot qubits: the singlet-triplet (ST) and the semiconducting quantum dot hybrid qubit. We investigate three quantum gates that flip the qubit state: a DC pulsed gate, an AC gate based on logical qubit resonance (LQR), and a gate-like process known as stimulated Raman adiabatic passage (STIRAP). These gates are all mediated by an exchange interaction that depends on a small number of experimental control parameters, including the interdot tunnel coupling $g$ and the detuning $\\epsilon$, which sets the energy difference between the dots. Our procedure has two steps. First, we optimize the gate fidelity ($f$) for fixed $g$ as a function of the other control parameters; this yields an $f^\\text{opt}(g)$ that is universal for different types of gates. Next, we identify physical constraints on the control parameters; this yields an upper bound $f^\\text{max}$ that is specific to the qubit-gate combination. We show that similar gate fidelities ($\\sim 99.5$%) should be attainable for ST qubits in isotopically purified Si, and for hybrid qubits in natural Si. Considerably lower fidelities are obtained for GaAs devices, due to the fluctuating magnetic fields $\\Delta B$ produced by nuclear spins.

Teck Seng Koh; S. N. Coppersmith; Mark Friesen

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

119

CLUSTERING OF CYCLIC-NUCLEOTIDE-GATED CHANNELS IN OLFACTORY CILIA.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cyclic nucleotide gated (CNG) channels play an important role in mediating sensory signal transduction in olfactory receptor neurons, which takes place primarily in olfactory cilia. (more)

FLANNERY, RICHARD JOHN

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

The Difficulty of Gate Control in Molecular Transistors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electrostatic gating effects on molecular transistors are investigated using the density functional theory (DFT) combined with the nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) method. When molecular energy levels are away from the Fermi energy they can be linearly shifted by the gate voltage, which is consistent with recent experimental observations [Nature 462, 1039 (2009)]. However, when they move near to the Fermi energy (turn-on process), the shifts become extremely small and almost independent of the gate voltage. The fact that the conductance may be beyond the gate control in the "ON" state will challenge the implementation of molecular transistors.

D. Hou; J. H. Wei

2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Gates/filters in Flow Cytometry Data Visualization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The flowViz package provides tools for visualization of flow cytometry data. This document describes the support for visualizing gates (a.k.a. filters). 1

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Gates/filters in Flow Cytometry Data Visualization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The flowViz package provides tools for visualization of flow cytometry data. This document describes the support for visualizing gates (a.k.a. filters). 1

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Composite Toffoli gate with two-round error detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a fault-tolerant construction to implement a composite quantum operation of four overlapping Toffoli gates. The same construction can produce two independent Toffoli gates. This result lowers resource overheads in designs for quantum computers by more than an order of magnitude. The procedure uses Clifford operations and 64 copies of the non-Clifford gate $T = \\exp[i \\pi (I - \\sigma^z) /8]$. Quantum codes detect errors in the circuit. When the dominant source of error is $T$-gate failure with probability $p$, then the composite Toffoli circuit has postselected failure rate of $3072p^4$ to lowest order.

Cody Jones

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

124

Magnetic instabilities in collisionless astrophysical rotating plasma with anisotropic pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique is developed for analytical study of instabilities in collisionless astrophysical rotating plasma with anisotropic pressure that may lead to magnetic turbulence. Description is based on a pair of equations for perturbations of the radial magnetic field and the sum of magnetic field and perpendicular plasma pressures. From these equations, a canonical second-order differential equation for the perturbed radial magnetic field is derived and, subsequently, the dispersion relation for local perturbations. The paper predicts two varieties of hybrid instabilities due to the effects of differential plasma rotation and pressure anisotropy: The rotational-firehose and rotational-mirror ones. When the gravitation force is weak compared with the perpendicular pressure gradient, a new family of instabilities (the pressure-gradient-driven) is revealed.

Mikhailovskii, A. B.; Pustovitov, V. D.; Erokhin, N. N. [Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, 1, Kurchatov Sq., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Lominadze, J. G. [Kharadze Abastumani National Astrophysical Observatory, 2a, Kazbegi Ave., Tbilisi 0160 (Georgia); Nodia Institute of Geophysics, 1, Aleksidze Str., Tbilisi 0193 (Georgia); Smolyakov, A. I. [Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, 1, Kurchatov Sq., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); University of Saskatchewan, 116 Science Place, Saskatoon S7N 5E2 (Canada); Churikov, A. P. [Syzran Branch of Samara Technical University, 45, Sovetskaya Str., Syzran, Samara Region 446001 (Russian Federation)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

Speed control system for an access gate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An access control apparatus for an access gate. The access gate typically has a rotator that is configured to rotate around a rotator axis at a first variable speed in a forward direction. The access control apparatus may include a transmission that typically has an input element that is operatively connected to the rotator. The input element is generally configured to rotate at an input speed that is proportional to the first variable speed. The transmission typically also has an output element that has an output speed that is higher than the input speed. The input element and the output element may rotate around a common transmission axis. A retardation mechanism may be employed. The retardation mechanism is typically configured to rotate around a retardation mechanism axis. Generally the retardation mechanism is operatively connected to the output element of the transmission and is configured to retard motion of the access gate in the forward direction when the first variable speed is above a control-limit speed. In many embodiments the transmission axis and the retardation mechanism axis are substantially co-axial. Some embodiments include a freewheel/catch mechanism that has an input connection that is operatively connected to the rotator. The input connection may be configured to engage an output connection when the rotator is rotated at the first variable speed in a forward direction and configured for substantially unrestricted rotation when the rotator is rotated in a reverse direction opposite the forward direction. The input element of the transmission is typically operatively connected to the output connection of the freewheel/catch mechanism.

Bzorgi, Fariborz M. (Knoxville, TN)

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

126

Twin logic gates: improved logic reliability by redundancy concerning gate oxide breakdown  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of the aggressive scaling of integrated circuits and the given limits of atomic scales, circuit designers have to become more and more aware of the arising reliability and yield concerns. So far, only very little research efforts have been put ... Keywords: gate oxide breakdown, integrated circuit design, redundant systems, reliability

Hagen Saemrow; Claas Cornelius; Frank Sill; Andreas Tockhorn; Dirk Timmermann

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

PRESSURE TRANSDUCER  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressure or mechanical force transducer particularly adaptable to miniature telemetering systems is described. Basically the device consists of a transistor located within a magnetic field adapted to change in response to mechanical force. The conduction characteristics of the transistor in turn vary proportionally with changes in the magnetic flux across the transistor such that the output (either frequency of amplitude) of the transistor circuit is proportional to mechanical force or pressure.

Sander, H.H.

1959-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Advanced high-? dielectric stacks with polySi and metal gates: recent progress and current challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper reviews our recent progress and current challenges in implementing advanced gate stacks composed of high-? dielectric materials and metal gates in mainstream Si CMOS technology. In particular, we address stacks of doped polySi gate electrodes ...

E. P. Gusev; V. Narayanan; M. M. Frank

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Radially Cooled Toroidal Field Centerpost --- Inventor Robert D. Woolley |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radially Cooled Toroidal Field Centerpost --- Inventor Robert D. Woolley Radially Cooled Toroidal Field Centerpost --- Inventor Robert D. Woolley This invention describes an improvement to Toroidal Field Centerpost cooling in Spherical Torus (ST) devices by changing direction of coolant flow from axial to radial, and flowing between internal inner and outer supply and return manifolds, both fed separately at top and bottom. Thus, the upper half of the centerpost is cooled from the top while the lower half is cooled from the bottom, both with U-shaped flow paths involving manifolds. The performance advantage results because less conductor material needs to be removed for the same coolant flow and because shorter average flow paths provide more heat removal cooling power. The fabrication advantage results because the invention eliminates the need to

130

Power gating design for standard-cell-like structured ASICs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structured ASIC has been introduced to bridge the power, performance, area and design cost gaps between ASIC and FPGA. As technology scales, leakage power consumption becomes a serious problem. Among the leakage power reduction techniques, power gating ... Keywords: low power, power-gating, structured ASIC, via-configurable

Sin-Yu Chen; Rung-Bin Lin; Hui-Hsiang Tung; Kuen-Wey Lin

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Logic synthesis for low power using clock gating and rewiring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditionally, clock gating for power saving is mainly done at Register Transistor Level (RTL), while in a lower logical level some synthesis techniques, e.g. Observability Don't Care (ODC) can also be used to provide more power savings. In this paper, ... Keywords: clock gating, logic synthesis, low power

Tak-Kei Lam; Steve Yang; Wai-Chung Tang; Yu-Liang Wu

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Some issues in advanced CMOS gate stack performance and reliability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes and analyzes some of our previous works on the advanced gate stacks for CMOS transistors focused on the following two topics: 1. Frequency dependence of Dynamic Bias Temperature Instability (DBTI) and the transistor degradation ... Keywords: CMOS, Gate Stack, Reliability

Ming-Fu Li; X. P. Wang; C. Shen; J. J. Yang; J. D. Chen; H. Y. Yu; Chunxiang Zhu; Daming Huang

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Non-deterministic Gates for Photonic Single Rail Quantum Logic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss techniques for producing, manipulating and measureing qubits encoded optically as vacuum and single photon states. We show that a universal set of non-deterministic gates can be constructed using linear optics and photon counting. We investigate the efficacy of a test gate given realistic detector efficiencies.

A. P. Lund; T. C. Ralph

2002-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

134

Controlled gates for multi-level quantum computation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-level (ML) quantum logic can potentially reduce the number of inputs/outputs or quantum cells in a quantum circuit which is a limitation in current quantum technology. In this paper we propose theorems about ML-quantum and reversible logic circuits. ... Keywords: Controlled gate, Multi-level logic gates, Quantum computing, Quantum cost, Reversible logic

Majid Mohammadi; Aliakbar Niknafs; Mohammad Eshghi

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Gating internal nodes to reduce power during scan shift  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is a common practice to gate a limited number of scan cells in order to reduce overall switching activity during shift, thereby, reducing the circuit's dynamic power consumption. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to reduce overall shift power ... Keywords: gating internal nodes, low power test, scan shift power reduction

Dheepakkumaran Jayaraman; Rajamani Sethuram; Spyros Tragoudas

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Cardiac perfusion defect detection using gated dynamic spect imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In our previous work we proposed a dynamic image reconstruction procedure for gated cardiac imaging, of which the goal is to obtain a single image sequence that shows simultaneously both cardiac motion and tracer distribution change over time. In this ... Keywords: 5D reconstruction, dynamic SPECT, gated SPECT, spatio-temporal processing

Xiaofeng Niu; Yongyi Yang; Miles N. Wernick

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Detectability of perfusion defect in gated dynamic cardiac spect images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently we developed an image reconstruction procedure aimed to unify gated imaging and dynamic imaging in nuclear cardiac imaging. It can yield a single image sequence to show simultaneously both cardiac motion and tracer distribution change over the ... Keywords: 5D reconstruction, dynamic SPECT, gated SPECT, spatio-temporal processing

Xiaofeng Niu; Yongyi Yang; Miles N. Wernick

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

City Marketing and Gated Communities: A Case Study of Guaynabo, Puerto Rico.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation focuses on the dynamics of gated communities with attention to the municipality of Guaynabo, Puerto Rico. Despite the growing numbers of gated communities (more)

Suarez-Carrasquillo, Carlos A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Inside the Castle Gates: How Foreign Corporations Nagivate Japan's Policymaking Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

II INSIDE THE CASTLE GATES: POLITICAL STRATEGIES OF MNCS INfortified castle, there are a number of strategies you mightthe castle gates (Part I), and these political strategies

Kushida, Kenji Erik

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Radial electron-beam-breakup transit-time oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radial electron-beam-breakup transit-time oscillator (RBTO) provides a compact high power microwave generator. The RBTO includes a coaxial vacuum transmission line having an outer conductor and an inner conductor. The inner conductor defines an annular cavity with dimensions effective to support an electromagnetic field in a TEM.sub.00m mode. A radial field emission cathode is formed on the outer conductor for providing an electron beam directed toward the annular cavity electrode. Microwave energy is then extracted from the annular cavity electrode.

Kwan, Thomas J. T. (Los Alamos, NM); Mostrom, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Inner shell radial pin geometry and mounting arrangement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Circumferentially spaced arrays of support pins are disposed through access openings in an outer turbine shell and have projections received in recesses in forward and aft sections of an inner turbine shell supported from the outer shell. The projections have arcuate sides in a circumferential direction affording line contacts with the side walls of the recesses and are spaced from end faces of the recesses, enabling radial and axial expansion and contraction of the inner shell relative to the outer shell. All loads are taken up in a tangential direction by the outer shell with the support pins taking no radial loadings.

Leach, David (Niskayuna, NY); Bergendahl, Peter Allen (Scotia, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

THE RADIAL VELOCITY EXPERIMENT (RAVE): THIRD DATA RELEASE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the third data release of the RAdial Velocity Experiment (RAVE) which is the first milestone of the RAVE project, releasing the full pilot survey. The catalog contains 83,072 radial velocity measurements for 77,461 stars in the southern celestial hemisphere, as well as stellar parameters for 39,833 stars. This paper describes the content of the new release, the new processing pipeline, as well as an updated calibration for the metallicity based upon the observation of additional standard stars. Spectra will be made available in a future release. The data release can be accessed via the RAVE Web site.

Siebert, A. [Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg, Universite de Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'universite, 67000 Strasbourg (France); Williams, M. E. K.; Siviero, A.; Boeche, C.; Steinmetz, M.; De Jong, R. S.; Enke, H.; Anguiano, B. [Leibniz-Institut fuer Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany); Reid, W.; Ritter, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Faculty of Sciences, Macquarie University, NSW 2109, Sydney (Australia); Fulbright, J.; Wyse, R. F. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 366 Bloomberg Center, 3400 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Munari, U. [INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, 36012 Asiago (Italy); Zwitter, T. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, Jadranska 19, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Watson, F. G.; Burton, D.; Cass, C. J. P.; Fiegert, K.; Hartley, M.; Russel, K. S. [Australian Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 296, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Retrofit of Tehran City Gate Station C.G.S. No. 2 by Using Turboexpander  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Worldwide energy crisis makes it necessary to optimize consumption. One of the fundamental ways to reduce energy consumption is recovery from wasted energy. This can be applied in oil, gas and petrochemical industries in which large amounts of energy waste occur. We can refer to gas transportation when there is a pressure reduction at natural gas pressure reducing stations. In common classic methods, this reduction is accomplished through regulators or throttle valves which the great amount of energy existing in pipelines lost by them. In this paper, it has been suggested to use expansion turbine for achieving pressure reduction, as well as energy recovery goals. In this regard, Tehran City Gate Station No.2 which is one of the large natural gas pressure reducing stations in Iran (both from capacity and inlet pressure perspectives), has been selected as a case study. In first step waste of energy was calculated by using exergy analysis and in second step, by using expansion turbines that are used parallel in the station for achieving the goals of gas reduction pressure and power recovery was simulated in four scenarios by Thermoflow1 software. The results show undeniable fact that the Energy loss at this station has been 38,443,578 KWhr for a year. As a result of using turboexpander , the exergy recovery will be 96%. At the final step, one scenario was selected as the best which its period of payback was about 2 years.

Seresht, R. T.; Ja, H. K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Computational modeling study of the radial line slot antenna microwave plasma source with comparisons to experiments  

SciTech Connect

The radial line slot antenna plasma source is a high-density microwave plasma source comprising a high electron temperature source region within the plasma skin depth from a coupling window and low electron temperature diffusion region far from the window. The plasma is typically comprised of inert gases like argon and mixtures of halogen or fluorocarbon gases for etching. Following the experimental study of Tian et al.[J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 24, 1421 (2006)], a two-dimensional computational model is used to describe the essential features of the source. A high density argon plasma is described using the quasi-neutral approximation and coupled to a frequency-domain electromagnetic wave solver to describe the plasma-microwave interactions in the source. The plasma is described using a multispecies plasma chemistry mechanism developed specifically for microwave excitation conditions. The plasma is nonlocal by nature with locations of peak power deposition and peak plasma density being very different. The spatial distribution of microwave power coupling depends on whether the plasma is under- or over-dense and is described well by the model. The model predicts the experimentally observed low-order diffusion mode radial plasma profiles. The trends of spatial profiles of electron density and electron temperature over a wide range of power and pressure conditions compare well with experimental results.

Raja, Laxminarayan L. [Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Mahadevan, Shankar [Esgee Technologies Inc., 1301 S. Capital of Texas Hwy. Suite B-122, Austin, Texas 78746 (United States); Ventzek, Peter L. G.; Yoshikawa, Jun [Tokyo Electron Ltd., Akasaka Biz Tower, 3-1 Akasaka 5-chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo 107-6325 (Japan)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Field emission cathode gating for RF electron guns and planar ...  

Metal surfaces are provided both radially around and behind the dielectric material to shape the electric fields that accelerate and guide the beam ...

146

A Radial Basis Function Method for Global Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a method that aims to find the global minimum of a continuous nonconvex function on a compact subset of \\dRd. It is assumed that function evaluations are expensive and that no additional information is available. ... Keywords: Global optimization, P-algorithm, interpolation, radial basis functions

H.-M. Gutmann

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

THE SPIN EFFECT ON PLANETARY RADIAL VELOCIMETRY OF EXOPLANETS  

SciTech Connect

We consider the effect of planetary spin on the planetary radial velocity (PRV) in dayside spectra of exoplanets. To understand the spin effect qualitatively, we derive an analytic formula of the intensity-weighted radial velocity from the planetary surface on the following assumptions: (1) constant and solid rotation without precession, (2) stable and uniform distribution of molecules/atoms, (3) emission models from the dayside hemisphere, and (4) a circular orbit. On these assumptions, we find that the curve of the PRV is distorted by the planetary spin and this anomaly is characterized by the spin radial velocity at the equator and a projected angle on a celestial plane between the spin axis and the axis of orbital motion {lambda}{sub p} in a manner analogous to the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect. The latter can constrain the planetary obliquity. Creating mock PRV data with 3 km s{sup -1} accuracy, we demonstrate how {lambda}{sub p} and the spin radial velocity at the equator are estimated. We find that the stringent constraint of eccentricity is crucial to detect the spin effect. Though our formula is still qualitative, we conclude that the PRV in the dayside spectra will be a powerful means for constraining the planetary spin.

Kawahara, Hajime, E-mail: divrot@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397 (Japan)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

148

Genetic algorithm for optimal capacitor allocation in radial distribution systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimum location and size of capacitors for a radial distribution system is presented. In the present study capacitor sizes are assumed as discrete known variables, which are to be placed on the buses such that it reduces the losses of the distribution ... Keywords: capacitor placement, distribution automation (DA), genetic algorithm (GA), loss minimisation, optimisation, power distribution system

K. S. Swarup

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Effects of Radial Electric Fields on ICRF Waves  

SciTech Connect

Equilibrium considerations infer that large localized radial electric fields are associated with internal transport barrier structures in tokamaks and other toroidal magnetic confinement configurations. In this paper, the effects of an equilibrium electric field on fast magnetosonic wave propagation are considered in the context of a cold plasma model.

C.K. Phillips; J.C. Hosea; M. Ono; J.R. Wilson

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

150

The gated community: residents' crime experience and perception of safety behind gates and fences in the urban area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary purpose of the study is to explore the connections between residents' perception of safety and their crime experience, and the existence of gates and fences in multi-family housing communities in urban areas. For cultivating discussions regarding the connections between gated community territory, safety, and crime experience, this study classifies apartment communities according to the conditions of their gating and fencing: gated communities, perceived gated communities, and non-gated communities. It investigates residents' perceptions of safety and their opinions and managers' opinions on gated territory and safety. The major findings from the surveys are: Residents felt safer in gated communities than in non-gated communities. Residents' perceptions of safety in perceived gated communities were similar to those in gated communities. These results reflected the territoriality issue for improving residents' perceived safety in apartment communities. Residents' perceptions of safety in architectural spaces showed that residents' fear of crime in public and semi-public spaces must first be addressed in order to ease residents' fear of crime in an apartment territory. The reality of crime in apartment communities differed from residents' perceptions of safety. Gated community residents reported a higher crime rate than nongated community residents. In addition to gates and fences that define apartment territory, such elements as patrol services, bright lighting, direct emergency buttons, and visual access to the local police were indicated as the important factors for improving residents' perceived safety. Some architectural factors and demographic factors exhibited statistical correlations with residents' perceptions of safety. Those were types of communities, dwelling floor level, educational attainment, family size, and annual income. For predicting residents' perceptions of safety in their apartment territory, multiple regression models were obtained and residents' neighborhood attachment was also considered in the multiple regression models. The apartment community managers emphasized direct maintenance issues and residents' social contact with neighbors for improving residents' perceived safety. In conclusion, design and managerial suggestions for safer communities were proposed. For creating safer multi-family housing communities, territoriality and related architectural conditions and managerial considerations and residents' participations are emphasized. The concept of community programming for safer multi-family housing communities is suggested.

Kim, Suk Kyung

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

MaGate Simulator: A Simulation Environment for a Decentralized Grid Scheduler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a simulator for of a decentralized modular grid scheduler named MaGate. MaGate's design emphasizes scheduler interoperability by providing intelligent scheduling serving the grid community as a whole. Each MaGate scheduler instance ... Keywords: Grid Scheduling, MaGate Simulator, Simulation, SmartGRID

Ye Huang; Amos Brocco; Michele Courant; Beat Hirsbrunner; Pierre Kuonen

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Characterization of silicon surface preparation processes for advanced gate dielectrics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper gives a short overview of issues associated with the surface preparation of silicon surfaces for advanced gate dielectrics and the appearance and nature of the wafer surface after different chemical treatments. The main portion of the paper ...

H. F. Okorn-Schmidt

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

The Inference of GATE Convective Rainfall from SMS-1 Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantitative precipitation estimates have been made for the GARP (Global Atmospheric Research Program) Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) from geosynchronous, infrared satellite imagery and a computer-automated technique that is described in ...

William L. Woodley; Cecilia G. Griffith; Joseph S. Griffin; Scott C. Stromatt

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

A Comparison of Two Satellite Rainfall Estimates for GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall estimates obtained for the GATE experiment by two satellite rainfall estimation techniques are compared for different time and space scales. The Kilonsky-Ramage technique uses polar-orbiting satellites for 1 resolution rainfall ...

Oswaldo Garcia

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Molecular Mechanisms of a Retinal Cyclic Nucleotide-Gated Channel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels mediate the transduction of light signals to electrical signals in vertebrate photoreceptors. These channels are non-selective for cations and open upon (more)

Martinez-Francois, Juan R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

TransForum v2n4 - GATE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with a "real-world" industrial base made up of 16 partners (such as British Petroleum, Exxon, General Motors, and Honda). The Ohio State University (OSU) GATE program is also...

157

Induction-based gate-level verification of multipliers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a method based on unrolling the inductive definition of binary number multiplication to verify gate-level implementations of multipliers. The induction steps successively reduce the size of the multiplier under verification. Through induction, ...

Ying Tsai Chang; Kwang Ting Tim Cheng

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Analysis and performance of radial flow rotary dessicant dehumidifiers  

SciTech Connect

A model is developed to predict the steady periodic performance of a radial flow desiccant wheel. The model is expressed in terms of the same dimensionless parameters that are commonly used in modeling of the conventional axial flow desiccant wheel. In addition a dimensionless geometrical ratio of the volume of the matrix to the volume of the wheel core is found to affect the performance of the wheel. A finite difference technique on staggered grid is used to discretize the governing dimensionless equations. The discretized equations are solved to predict the performance of the desiccant wheel at given values of operation parameters. A sensitivity study is carried out to investigate the effect of changing any of these parameters on the performance of the wheel. The performance of the radial flow desiccant wheel having the same values of the operation parameters.

Elsayed, M.M.; Chamkha, A.J. [Kuwait Univ., Safat (Kuwait). Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Dept.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

A TEST FOR RADIAL MIXING USING LOCAL STAR SAMPLES  

SciTech Connect

We use samples of local main-sequence stars to show that the radial gradient of [Fe/H] in the thin disk of the Milky Way decreases with mean effective stellar temperature. Many of these stars are visiting the solar neighborhood from the inner and outer Galaxy. We use the angular momentum of each star about the Galactic center to determine the guiding center radius and to eliminate the effects of epicyclic motion, which would otherwise blur the estimated gradients. We interpret the effective temperature as a proxy for mean age, and conclude that the decreasing gradient is consistent with the predictions of radial mixing due to transient spiral patterns. We find some evidence that the trend of decreasing gradient with increasing mean age breaks to a constant gradient for samples of stars whose main-sequence lifetimes exceed the likely age of the thin disk.

Yu Jincheng; Chen Li; Hou Jinliang [Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030 (China); Sellwood, J. A.; Pryor, Carlton, E-mail: yujc@shao.ac.cn, E-mail: chenli@shao.ac.cn, E-mail: houjl@shao.ac.cn, E-mail: sellwood@physics.rutgers.edu, E-mail: pryor@physics.rutgers.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, 136 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Electroluminescence in ion gel gated organic polymer semiconductor transistors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emission in ion gel gated, thin film organic semiconductor tran- sistors and investigates the light emission mechanism behind these devices. We report that ion gel gated organic polymer semiconductor transistors emit light when the drain source volt- age... the organic light emitting devices become mainstream, there are several challenges that need to be resolved and current research focus is to ad- dress those challenges. One particular challenge is relatively high operating volt- ages of light emitting organic...

Bhat, Shrivalli

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Experimental demonstration of a Hadamard gate for coherent state qubits  

SciTech Connect

We discuss and make an experimental test of a probabilistic Hadamard gate for coherent state qubits. The scheme is based on linear optical components, nonclassical resources, and the joint projective action of a photon counter and a homodyne detector. We experimentally characterize the gate for the coherent states of the computational basis by full tomographic reconstruction of the transformed output states. Based on the parameters of the experiment, we simulate the fidelity for all coherent state qubits on the Bloch sphere.

Tipsmark, Anders; Laghaout, Amine; Andersen, Ulrik L. [Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Dong, Ruifang [Quantum Frequency Standards Division, National Time Service Center (NTSC), Chinese Academy of Sciences, 710600 Lintong, Shaanxi (China); Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Marek, Petr [Department of Optics, Palacky University, 17. listopadu 12, CZ-77146 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Jezek, Miroslav [Department of Optics, Palacky University, 17. listopadu 12, CZ-77146 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Final Technical GATE Report, 1998-2006  

SciTech Connect

In 1998, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded 10 proposals to establish graduate automotive technology education (GATE) centers of excellence at nine universities, each addressing a specific technological area. The University of California, Davis was chosen for two centers: Fuel Cell Center and Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Design Center (power drivetrains and control strategies). This report is specific to the Fuel Cell Center only, which was housed at the UC Davis Institute of Transportation Studies (ITS-Davis). ITS-Davis created the Fuel Cell Vehicle Center, with the following goals: (1) create an interdisciplinary fuel cell vehicle curriculum that cuts across engineering, the physical sciences and, to a lesser extent, the social sciences; (2) expand and strengthen the then-emerging multidisciplinary fuel cell vehicle research program; (3) strengthen links with industry; (4) create an active public outreach program; and (5) serve as neutral ground for interactions between academia, the auto, energy, and technology industries, government, and public-interest non-governmental organizations. At the time of proposal, the Center had a solid track record in fuel cell research, strong connections with industry, strong campus support, a core group of distinguished and motivated faculty, and an established institutional foundation for fuel cell vehicle research and education.

GATE Fuel Cell Vehicle Center

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

163

Gated integrator with signal baseline subtraction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrafast, high precision gated integrator includes an opamp having differential inputs. A signal to be integrated is applied to one of the differential inputs through a first input network, and a signal indicative of the DC offset component of the signal to be integrated is applied to the other of the differential inputs through a second input network. A pair of electronic switches in the first and second input networks define an integrating period when they are closed. The first and second input networks are substantially symmetrically constructed of matched components so that error components introduced by the electronic switches appear symmetrically in both input circuits and, hence, are nullified by the common mode rejection of the integrating opamp. The signal indicative of the DC offset component is provided by a sample and hold circuit actuated as the integrating period begins. The symmetrical configuration of the integrating circuit improves accuracy and speed by balancing out common mode errors, by permitting the use of high speed switching elements and high speed opamps and by permitting the use of a small integrating time constant. The sample and hold circuit substantially eliminates the error caused by the input signal baseline offset during a single integrating window.

Wang, Xucheng (Lisle, IL)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Gated integrator with signal baseline subtraction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrafast, high precision gated integrator includes an opamp having differential inputs. A signal to be integrated is applied to one of the differential inputs through a first input network, and a signal indicative of the DC offset component of the signal to be integrated is applied to the other of the differential inputs through a second input network. A pair of electronic switches in the first and second input networks define an integrating period when they are closed. The first and second input networks are substantially symmetrically constructed of matched components so that error components introduced by the electronic switches appear symmetrically in both input circuits and, hence, are nullified by the common mode rejection of the integrating opamp. The signal indicative of the DC offset component is provided by a sample and hold circuit actuated as the integrating period begins. The symmetrical configuration of the integrating circuit improves accuracy and speed by balancing out common mode errors, by permitting the use of high speed switching elements and high speed opamps and by permitting the use of a small integrating time constant. The sample and hold circuit substantially eliminates the error caused by the input signal baseline offset during a single integrating window. 5 figs.

Wang, X.

1996-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

165

Optimizing Radial Basis Functions by D.C. Programming and its use ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 6, 2009 ... the use of derivative-free models based on radial basis functions .... known, one can use a radial basis functions (RBF) model of the form m(x) =.

166

Radially Classified Aerosol Detector for Aircraft-Based Submicron Aerosol Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A radially classified aerosol detector (RCAD) for fast characterization of fine particle size distributions aboard aircraft has been designed and implemented. The measurement system includes a radial differential mobility analyzer and a high-flow,...

Lynn M. Russell; Shou-Hua Zhang; Richard C. Flagan; John H. Seinfeld; Mark R. Stolzenburg; Robert Caldow

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Prognostic Equation for Radar Radial Velocity Derived by Considering Atmospheric Refraction and Earth Curvature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The prognostic equation for the radial velocity field observed with a Doppler radar is derived to include the effects of atmospheric refraction and earth curvature on radar-beam height and slope angle. The derived equation, called the radial ...

Qin Xu; Li Wei

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Free-surface flow simulations for discharge-based operation of hydraulic structure gates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We combine non-hydrostatic flow simulations of the free surface with a discharge model based on elementary gate flow equations for decision support in operation of hydraulic structure gates. A water level-based gate control used in most of today's general practice does not take into account the fact that gate operation scenarios producing similar total discharged volumes and similar water levels may have different local flow characteristics. Accurate and timely prediction of local flow conditions around hydraulic gates is important for several aspects of structure management: ecology, scour, flow-induced gate vibrations and waterway navigation. The modelling approach is described and tested for a multi-gate sluice structure regulating discharge from a river to the sea. The number of opened gates is varied and the discharge is stabilized with automated control by varying gate openings. The free-surface model was validated for discharge showing a correlation coefficient of 0.994 compared to experimental data. A...

Erdbrink, C D; Sloot, P M A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Process damage-free damascene metal gate technology for gentle integration of epitaxially grown high-k  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the first successful attempt to integrate crystalline high-k gate dielectrics into a virtually damage-free damascene metal gate process. Process details as well as initial electrical characterization results on fully functional gate ... Keywords: CMP, Crystalline high-k gate dielectric, Damascene metal gate, Gadolinium oxide, Rare-earth oxide

Ralf Endres; Yordan Stefanov; Frank Wessely; Florian Zaunert; Udo Schwalke

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Electron and hole gas in modulation-doped GaAs/Al{sub 1-x}Ga{sub x}As radial heterojunctions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We perform self-consistent Schroedinger-Poisson calculations with exchange and correlation corrections to determine the electron and hole gas in a radial heterojunction formed in a GaAs/AlGaAs core-multi-shell nanowire, which is either n- or p-doped. We show that the electron and hole gases can be tuned to different localizations and symmetries inside the core as a function of the doping density/gate potential. Contrary to planar heterojunctions, conduction electrons do not form a uniform 2D electron gas (2DEG) localized at the GaAs/AlGaAs interface, but rather show a transition between an isotropic, cylindrical distribution deep in the GaAs core (low doping) and a set of six tunnel-coupled quasi-1D channels at the edges of the interface (high doping). Holes, on the other hand, are much more localized at the GaAs/AlGaAs interface. At low doping, they present an additional localization pattern with six separated 2DEGs strips. The field generated by a back-gate may easily deform the electron or hole gas, breaking the sixfold symmetry. Single 2DEGs at one interface or multiple quasi-1D channels are shown to form as a function of voltage intensity, polarity, and carrier type.

Bertoni, Andrea; Royo, Miquel; Mahawish, Farah; Goldoni, Guido [CNR-NANO S3, Istituto Nanoscienze, Via Campi 213/a, 41125 Modena (Italy); Department of Physics, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and CNR-NANO S3, Istituto Nanoscienze, Via Campi 213/a, 41125 Modena (Italy)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

Entangling unitary gates on distant qubits with ancilla feedback  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By using an ancilla qubit as a mediator, two distant qubits can undergo a non-local entangling unitary operation. This is desirable for when attempting to scale up or distribute quantum computation by combining fixed static local sets of qubits with ballistic mediators. Using a model driven by measurements on the ancilla, it is possible to generate a maximally entangling CZ gate while only having access to a less entangling gate between the pair qubits and the ancilla. However this results in a stochastic process of generating control phase rotation gates where the expected time for success does not correlate with the entangling power of the connection gate. We explore how one can use feedback into the preparation and measurement parameters of the ancilla to speed up the expected time to generate a CZ gate between a pair of separated qubits and to leverage stronger coupling strengths for faster times. Surprisingly, by choosing an appropriate strategy, control of a binary discrete parameter achieves comparable speed up to full continuous control of all degrees of freedom of the ancilla.

Kerem Halil Shah; Daniel K. L. Oi

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

172

Acceleration of Meshfree Radial Point Interpolation Method on Graphics Hardware  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes a parallel computational technique to accelerate radial point interpolation method (RPIM)-based meshfree method using graphics hardware. RPIM is one of the meshfree partial differential equation solvers that do not require the mesh structure of the analysis targets. In this paper, a technique for accelerating RPIM using graphics hardware is presented. In the method, the computation process is divided into small processes suitable for processing on the parallel architecture of the graphics hardware in a single instruction multiple data manner.

Nakata, Susumu [College of Information Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University (Japan)

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

An optical fusion gate for W-states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a simple optical gate to fuse arbitrary size polarization entangled W-states to prepare larger W-states. The gate requires a polarizing beam splitter (PBS), a half wave plate (HWP) and two photon detectors. We study numerically and analytically the necessary resource consumption for preparing larger W-states by fusing smaller ones with the proposed fusion gate. We show analytically that resource requirement scales at most sub-exponentially with the increasing size of the state to be prepared. We numerically determine the resource cost for fusion without recycling where W-states of arbitrary size can be optimally prepared. Moreover, we introduce another strategy which is based on recycling and outperforms the optimal strategy for non-recycling case.

Sahin Kaya Ozdemir; Eiji Matsunaga; Toshiyuki Tashima; Takashi Yamamoto; Masato Koashi; Nobuyuki Imoto

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

174

Radial transmission line analysis of multi-layer structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The analysis of multi-layer beam tubes is a standard problem and involves axially propagating waves. This treatment is ill suited to a short multi-layer structure such as the present example of a ferrite covered ceramic break in the beam tube at the ERL photo-cathode electron gun. This paper demonstrates that such structure can better be treated by radial wave propagation. The theoretical method is presented and numerical results are compared with measured network analyser data and Microwave Studio generated simulations. The results confirm the concept of radial transmission lines as a valid analytical method. An Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) is being constructed at this laboratory for the purpose of research towards an envisioned Electron Ion Collider. One of the pertinent topics is damping of Higher Order Modes (HOM). In this ERL, the damping is provided by ferrite absorbers in the beam tube. A modified version thereof, a ceramic break surrounded by ferrite, is planed for the superconducting electron gun. The damper here is located at room temperature just outside of the gun. If used in a cavity chain, the ceramic break is in the vacuum tube at helium temperature whereas the ferrite is moved into the cryostat insulating vacuum allowing higher temperatures. The general properties of the ferrite HOM dampers have been published but are more detailed in this paper.

Hahn, H.; Hammons, L.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

175

Four-Dimensional Analysis Experiment During the Gate Period Part II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The GATE analysis was repeated utilizing the full GATE data set in the delayed mode and a revised four-dimensional analysis procedure. The resulting maps wore compared with maps of other author. Based on the new analysis, macroscale circulation ...

K. Miyakoda; J. Sheldon; J. Sirutis

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Gate-all-around silicon nanowire MOSFETs : top-down fabrication and transport enhancement techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scaling MOSFETs beyond 15 nm gate lengths is extremely challenging using a planar device architecture due to the stringent criteria required for the transistor switching. The top-down fabricated, gate-all-around architecture ...

Hashemi, Pouya

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Physical-aware simulated annealing optimization of gate leakage in nanoscale datapath circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For CMOS technologies below 65nm, gate oxide direct tunneling current is a major component of the total power dissipation. This paper presents a simulated annealing based algorithm for the gate leakage current reduction by simultaneous scheduling, allocation ...

Saraju P. Mohanty; Ramakrishna Velagapudi; Elias Kougianos

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Workfunction Tuning of n-Channel MOSFETs Using Interfacial Yttrium Layer in Fully Silicided Nickel Gate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continual scaling of the CMOS technology requires thinner gate dielectric to maintain high performance. However, when moving into the sub-45 nm CMOS generation, the traditional poly-Si gate approach cannot effectively ...

Yu, Hongpeng

179

Developing Reusable and Robust Language Processing Components for Information Systems using GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present GATE, an architecture and a graphical development environment which enables users to develop and deploy HLT applications in a robust fashion. GATE also provides reusable, extendable, and customisable language processing modules ...

Kalina Bontcheva; Hamish Cunningham; Diana Maynard; Valentin Tablan; Horacio Saggion

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Exact Solutions: Anisotropic Stars in Terms of Pressure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dev (2002) discussed some exact solutions of anisotropic stars for special forms of TOV for constant energy density. Considering Bijalwan (2011) ansatz for charged perfect fluids we present here some exact solutions to the generalized TOV equation for anisotropic fluids by representing equation in terms for radial pressure. Consequently, radial pressure is found to be an invertible arbitrary function of w(=c1+c2r^2), where c1 and c2 is nonzero are arbitrary constants, and r is the radius of star, i.e. p=p(w) . We present a general solution for anisotropic fluid in terms for w. We list and discuss some old and new solutions which fall in this category. Consequently, we present solutions for generalized TOV considering different forms of anisotropy factor in terms of w. Also, we investigated solutions of generalized TOV with negative density gradient (NDG).

Naveen Bijalwan

2011-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Radial Domany-Kinzel models with mutation and selection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effect of spatial structure, genetic drift, mutation, and selective pressure on the evolutionary dynamics in a simplified model of asexual organisms colonizing a new territory. Under an appropriate coarse-graining, ...

Davidson, James West

182

Embedded automatic parking management system based on RFID and existed gate system integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an Embedded Automatic Parking Management System (EAPMS) that integrates the existed gate system and RFID is proposed. This system includes Embedded Gate Hardware, Gate-PC Controller, RFID System, Parking Management Platform. Most systems ... Keywords: RFID, embedded, parking management, system integration

Ming-Shen Jian; Kuen Shiuh Yang; Chung-Lun Lee; Nan-Yuan Huang

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Modular RFID parking management system based on existed gate system integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a Modular RFID Parking Management System that integrates the existed gate system and RFID is proposed. This system includes Modular Gate-PC Controller and Embedded Gate Hardware, RFID System, Modular Parking Management Platform. Most systems ... Keywords: RFID, embedded, modular, parking management, system integration

Ming-Shen Jian; Kuen Shiuh Yang; Chung-Lun Lee

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Reducing transistor count in clocked standard cells with ambipolar double-gate FETs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a set of circuit design approaches to achieve clocked standard logic cell functions with ambipolar double-gate devices such as the Double Gate Carbon Nanotube FET (DG-CNTFET). The cells presented in this work use the infield controllability ... Keywords: CNTFETs, advanced technologies, ambipolar double-gate devices, dynamic logic, standard cells

K. Jabeur; D. Navarro; I. O'Connor; P. E. Gaillardon; M. H. Ben Jamaa; F. Clermidy

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

MaGate: An Interoperable, Decentralized and Modular High-Level Grid Scheduler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work presents the design and architecture of a decentralized grid scheduler named MaGate, which is developed within the SmartGRID project and focuses on grid scheduler interoperation. The MaGate scheduler is modular structured, and emphasizes the ... Keywords: Grid Computing, MaGate Scheduler, Meta-Scheduling, Scheduling, SmartGRID

Ye Huang; Amos Brocco; Michele Courant; Beat Hirsbrunne; Pierre Kuonen

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Integrated Power-Gating and State Assignment for Low Power FSM Synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power-gating is an effective technique for reducing standby leakage power and dynamic power. In power-gating one can shut off the power supply to sections of logic block while keeping other logic blocks active. However, careful design is required to ... Keywords: Low power synthesis, Power-gating, FSM decomposition, State encoding, Genetic Algorithm

Sambhu Nath Pradhan; M. Tilak Kumar; Santanu Chattopadhyay

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Low power interconnect design for fpgas with bidirectional wiring using nanocrystal floating gate devices (abstract only)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New architectures for the switch box and connection block are proposed for use in an energy efficient field programmable gate array (FPGA) with bidirectional wiring. Power-hungry SRAMs are replaced by non-volatile nanocrystal floating gate (NCFG) devices ... Keywords: bidirectional wiring, connection block, floating gate, fpga, high speed, low power, nanocrystal, switch box

Daniel Schinke; Wallace Shep Pitts; Neil Di Spigna; Paul Franzon

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Physical effects in rock under negative effective pressures: sound speeds and hydraulic diffusivity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A method for creating negative effective pressure in the laboratory has been developed and longitudinal sound speed and gas diffusivity under these conditions have been measured. The pressure field is created inside an annulus of fluid injection holes in a cylindrical sample; fluid flows radially outward down the pore pressure gradient to the sample's exterior. Pore pressure is monitored through capillary probes and the pressure field is uniform inside the injection ring. With pore fluid pressures to 1.2 MPa, decreases in both acoustic velocity and amplitude in an unconfined sample of fine-grained granite are observed. The velocity decrease is about 1.5% per MPa while amplitude decreases by approximately 10% per MPa. By measuring pressure relaxation after stepwise pore pressure increases, increases in gas diffusivity of approximately a factor of three between 0 and -1 MPa effective pressure are determined.

Shankland, T.J.; Halleck, P.M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

A NON-RADIAL OSCILLATION MODEL FOR PULSAR STATE SWITCHING  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pulsars are unique astrophysical laboratories because of their clock-like timing precision, providing new ways to test general relativity and detect gravitational waves. One impediment to high-precision pulsar timing experiments is timing noise. Recently, Lyne et al. showed that the timing noise in a number of pulsars is due to quasi-periodic fluctuations in the pulsars' spin-down rates and that some of the pulsars have associated changes in pulse profile shapes. Here we show that a non-radial oscillation model based on asteroseismological theory can explain these quasi-periodic fluctuations. Application of this model to neutron stars will increase our knowledge of neutron star emission and neutron star interiors and may improve pulsar timing precision.

Rosen, R. [NRAO, P.O. Box 2, Green Bank, WV 24944 (United States); McLaughlin, M. A. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, 436 Hodges Hall, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States); Thompson, S. E., E-mail: rrosen@nrao.edu [SETI Institute/NASA Ames Research Center, M/S 244-30, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)

2011-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

190

Temperature-controlled molecular depolarization gates in nuclear magnetic resonance  

SciTech Connect

Down the drain: Cryptophane cages in combination with selective radiofrequency spin labeling can be used as molecular 'transpletor' units for transferring depletion of spin polarization from a hyperpolarized 'source' spin ensemble to a 'drain' ensemble. The flow of nuclei through the gate is adjustable by the ambient temperature, thereby enabling controlled consumption of hyperpolarization.

Schroder, Leif; Schroder, Leif; Chavez, Lana; Meldrum, Tyler; Smith, Monica; Lowery, Thomas J.; E. Wemmer, David; Pines, Alexander

2008-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

191

Towards practical biomolecular computers using microfluidic deoxyribozyme logic gate networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a way of implementing a biomolecular computer in the laboratory using deoxyribozyme logic gates inside a microfluidic reaction chamber. We build upon our previous work, which simulated the operation of a flip-flop and an oscillator based on ...

Joseph Farfel; Darko Stefanovic

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Quantification of Priority-OR gates in temporal fault trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fault Tree Analysis has been used in reliability engineering for many decades and has seen various modifications to enable it to analyse fault trees with dynamic and temporal gates so it can incorporate sequential failure in its analysis. Pandora is ... Keywords: Markov chains, Monte Carlo, Pandora, dynamic fault trees, fault trees, safety

Ernest Edifor; Martin Walker; Neil Gordon

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Tropical Squall Lines over the Eastern Atlantic during GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the entire period of GATE, all oceanic squall lines over the A/B array developed in the vicinity of the near-equatorial convergence zone (NECZ) when a strong midtropospheric easterly jet along the leading and southern borders of a Saharan ...

Yi-Leng Chen

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Experimental Realization of Non-Abelian Geometric Gates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The geometric aspects of quantum mechanics are underlined most prominently by the concept of geometric phases, which are acquired whenever a quantum system evolves along a closed path in Hilbert space. The geometric phase is determined only by the shape of this path and is -- in its simplest form -- a real number. However, if the system contains degenerate energy levels, matrix-valued geometric phases, termed non-abelian holonomies, can emerge. They play an important role for the creation of synthetic gauge fields in cold atomic gases and the description of non-abelian anyon statistics. Moreover, it has been proposed to exploit non-abelian holonomic gates for robust quantum computation. In contrast to abelian geometric phases, non-abelian ones have been observed only in nuclear quadrupole resonance experiments with a large number of spins and without fully characterizing the geometric process and its non-commutative nature. Here, we realize non-abelian holonomic quantum operations on a single superconducting artificial three-level atom by applying a well controlled two-tone microwave drive. Using quantum process tomography, we determine fidelities of the resulting non-commuting gates exceeding 95 %. We show that a sequence of two paths in Hilbert space traversed in different order yields inequivalent transformations, which is an evidence for the non-abelian character of the implemented holonomic quantum gates. In combination with two-qubit operations, they form a universal set of gates for holonomic quantum computation.

A. A. Abdumalikov; J. M. Fink; K. Juliusson; M. Pechal; S. Berger; A. Wallraff; S. Filipp

2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

195

Advanced Gate Drive for the SNS High Voltage Converter Modulator  

SciTech Connect

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is developing a next generation H-bridge switch plate [1], a critical component of the SNS High Voltage Converter Modulator [2]. As part of that effort, a new IGBT gate driver has been developed. The drivers are an integral part of the switch plate, which are essential to ensuring fault-tolerant, high-performance operation of the modulator. The redesigned driver improves upon the existing gate drive in several ways. The new gate driver has improved fault detection and suppression capabilities; suppression of shoot-through and over-voltage conditions, monitoring of dI/dt and Vce(sat) for fast over-current detection and suppression, and redundant power isolation are some of the added features. In addition, triggering insertion delay is reduced by a factor of four compared to the existing driver. This paper details the design and performance of the new IGBT gate driver. A simplified schematic and description of the construction are included. The operation of the fast over-current detection circuits, active IGBT over-voltage protection circuit, shoot-through prevention circuitry, and control power isolation breakdown detection circuit are discussed.

Nguyen, M.N.; Burkhart, C.; Kemp, M.A.; /SLAC; Anderson, D.E.; /Oak Ridge

2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

196

Modeling And Analysis of Radial Flux Toroidally Wound Twin Rotor Permanent Magnet Motor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The main objective of current thesis is the study of Radial Flux Twin Rotor Permanent Magnet (RFTWTRPM) motor. The tasks were to review the literature (more)

Pratapa, Ravi Kishore

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Application Of A Spherical-Radial Heat Transfer Model To Calculate...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Application Of A Spherical-Radial Heat Transfer Model To Calculate Geothermal Gradients From Measurements In Deep Boreholes Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal...

198

An integral model for turbulent flame radial lengths under a ceiling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? An analytical study using an integral model for turbulent flame radial lengths under a ceiling is presented. Dimensionless equations give results in terms of (more)

Ding, Haiwen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Transmission gates combined with level-restoring CMOS gates reduce glitches in low-power low-frequency multipliers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Various 16-bit multiplier architectures are compared in terms of dissipated energy, propagation delay, energy-delay product (EDP), and area occupation, in view of low-power low-voltage signal processing for low-frequency applications. A novel practical ... Keywords: arithmetic, glitch, low frequency, low power, multiplier, switching activity, transmission gate

Flavio Carbognani; Felix Buergin; Norbert Felber; Hubert Kaeslin; Wolfgang Fichtner

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Phase gate of one superconducting qubit simultaneously controlling n qubits in a cavity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose how to realize a three-step controlled-phase gate of one superconducting qubit simultaneously controlling n qubits selected from N qubits in a cavity (1nN). The operation time of this gate is independent of the number n of qubits involved in the gate operation. This phase gate controlling at once n qubits is insensitive to the initial state of the cavity mode and can be used to produce an analogous CNOT gate simultaneously acting on n qubits.

Chui-Ping Yang; Yu-xi Liu; Franco Nori

2009-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

An experimental and computational investigation of flow in a radial inlet of an industrial pipeline centrifugal compressor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flow field of a complex three-dimensional radial inlet for an industrial pipeline centrifugal compressor has been experimentally determined on a half-scale model. Based on the experimental results, inlet guide vanes have been designed to correct pressure and swirl angle distribution deficiencies. The unvaned and vaned inlets are analyzed with a commercially available fully three-dimensional viscous Navier-Stokes code. Since experimental results were available prior to the numerical study, the unvaned analysis is considered a postdiction while the vaned analysis is considered a prediction. The computational results of the unvaned inlet have been compared to the previously obtained experimental results. The experimental method utilized for the unvaned inlet is repeated for the vaned inlet and the data have been used to verify the computational results. The paper will discuss experimental, design, and computational procedures, grid generation, boundary conditions, and experimental versus computational methods. Agreement between experimental and computational results is very good, both in prediction and postdiction modes. The results of this investigation indicate that CFD offers a measurable advantage in design, schedule, and cost and can be applied to complex, three-dimensional radial inlets.

Flathers, M.B. [Solar Turbines Inc., San Diego, CA (United States); Bache, G.E. [Advanced Scientific Computing Corp., El Dorado Hills, CA (United States); Rainsberger, R. [XYZ Scientific Applications Inc., Livermore, CA (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

pressure_measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... piston gauges, ball gages, pressure transducers, pressure gauges, non-mercurial barometers, and manometers in both gas and oil media using ...

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

203

Gas pressure reduction circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note describes passive pressure reduction devices for use with sensitive instruments. Two gas circuits are developed which not only provide a pressure reduction under flow demand

D. W. Guillaume; D. DeVries

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

A real-time respiration position based passive breath gating equipment for gated radiotherapy: A preclinical evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To develop a passive gating system incorporating with the real-time position management (RPM) system for the gated radiotherapy. Methods: Passive breath gating (PBG) equipment, which consists of a breath-hold valve, a controller mechanism, a mouthpiece kit, and a supporting frame, was designed. A commercial real-time positioning management system was implemented to synchronize the target motion and radiation delivery on a linear accelerator with the patient's breathing cycle. The respiratory related target motion was investigated by using the RPM system for correlating the external markers with the internal target motion while using PBG for passively blocking patient's breathing. Six patients were enrolled in the preclinical feasibility and efficiency study of the PBG system. Results: PBG equipment was designed and fabricated. The PBG can be manually triggered or released to block or unblock patient's breathing. A clinical workflow was outlined to integrate the PBG with the RPM system. After implementing the RPM based PBG system, the breath-hold period can be prolonged to 15-25 s and the treatment delivery efficiency for each field can be improved by 200%-400%. The results from the six patients showed that the diaphragm motion caused by respiration was reduced to less than 3 mm and the position of the diaphragm was reproducible for difference gating periods. Conclusions: A RPM based PBG system was developed and implemented. With the new gating system, the patient's breath-hold time can be extended and a significant improvement in the treatment delivery efficiency can also be achieved.

Hu Weigang; Xu Anjie; Li Guichao; Zhang Zhen; Housley, Dave; Ye Jinsong [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center and Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Department of Radiation Oncology, Swedish Cancer Institute, Seattle, Washington 98104 (United States)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

205

Structure of the gating ring from the human large-conductance Ca[superscript 2+]-gated K[superscript +] channel  

SciTech Connect

Large-conductance Ca{sup 2+}-gated K{sup +} (BK) channels are essential for many biological processes such as smooth muscle contraction and neurotransmitter release. This group of channels can be activated synergistically by both voltage and intracellular Ca{sup 2+}, with the large carboxy-terminal intracellular portion being responsible for Ca{sup 2+} sensing. Here we present the crystal structure of the entire cytoplasmic region of the human BK channel in a Ca{sup 2+}-free state. The structure reveals four intracellular subunits, each comprising two tandem RCK domains, assembled into a gating ring similar to that seen in the MthK channel and probably representing its physiological assembly. Three Ca{sup 2+} binding sites including the Ca{sup 2+} bowl are mapped onto the structure based on mutagenesis data. The Ca{sup 2+} bowl, located within the second RCK domain, forms an EF-hand-like motif and is strategically positioned close to the assembly interface between two subunits. The other two Ca{sup 2+} (or Mg{sup 2+}) binding sites, Asp367 and Glu374/Glu399, are located on the first RCK domain. The Asp367 site has high Ca{sup 2+} sensitivity and is positioned in the groove between the amino- and carboxy-terminal subdomains of RCK1, whereas the low-affinity Mg{sup 2+}-binding Glu374/Glu399 site is positioned on the upper plateau of the gating ring and close to the membrane. Our structure also contains the linker connecting the transmembrane and intracellular domains, allowing us to dock a voltage-gated K{sup +} channel pore of known structure onto the gating ring with reasonable accuracy and generate a structural model for the full BK channel.

Wu, Yunkun; Yang, Yi; Ye, Sheng; Jiang, Youxing (Zhejiang); (UTSMC)

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

206

Fully complex-valued radial basis function networks: Orthogonal least squares regression and classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a fully complex-valued radial basis function (RBF) network for regression and classification applications. For regression problems, the locally regularised orthogonal least squares (LROLS) algorithm aided with the D-optimality experimental ... Keywords: Classification, Complex-valued radial basis function network, D-optimality experimental design, Fisher ratio of class separability measure, Orthogonal least squares algorithm, Regression

S. Chen; X. Hong; C. J. Harris; L. Hanzo

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A forecasting system for car fuel consumption using a radial basis function neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A predictive system for car fuel consumption using a radial basis function (RBF) neural network is proposed in this paper. The proposed work consists of three parts: information acquisition, fuel consumption forecasting algorithm and performance evaluation. ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, Car fuel consumption, Radial basis function algorithm

Jian-Da Wu; Jun-Ching Liu

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

An application of radial basis function networks in operation of home appliances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neural networks (NN) have made a great impact in modeling and synthesizing non-linear mapping of input-output space. In this paper, we describe the design and testing of a particular class of NN, radial basis function networks, for dryness prediction ... Keywords: appliance engineering, dryness prediction, radial basis function networks

Yu-To Chen

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Curvewise DET confidence regions and pointwise EER confidence intervals using radial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Curvewise DET confidence regions and pointwise EER confidence intervals using radial sweep methodology to create pointwise confidence intervals for the equal error rate (EER). The EER is the rate or bootstrap methods to estimate the variability in both the DET and the EER. Our radial sweep is based

Schuckers, Michael E.

210

Boiling radial flow in fractures of varying wall porosity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The focus of this report is the coupling of conductive heat transfer and boiling convective heat transfer, with boiling flow in a rock fracture. A series of experiments observed differences in boiling regimes and behavior, and attempted to quantify a boiling convection coefficient. The experimental study involved boiling radial flow in a simulated fracture, bounded by a variety of materials. Nonporous and impermeable aluminum, highly porous and permeable Berea sandstone, and minimally porous and permeable graywacke from The Geysers geothermal field. On nonporous surfaces, the heat flux was not strongly coupled to injection rate into the fracture. However, for porous surfaces, heat flux, and associated values of excess temperature and a boiling convection coefficient exhibited variation with injection rate. Nucleation was shown to occur not upon the visible surface of porous materials, but a distance below the surface, within the matrix. The depth of boiling was a function of injection rate, thermal power supplied to the fracture, and the porosity and permeability of the rock. Although matrix boiling beyond fracture wall may apply only to a finite radius around the point of injection, higher values of heat flux and a boiling convection coefficient may be realized with boiling in a porous, rather than nonporous surface bounded fracture.

Barnitt, Robb Allan

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

South Gate, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gate, California: Energy Resources Gate, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.954737°, -118.2120161° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.954737,"lon":-118.2120161,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

212

Ocean Gate, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gate, New Jersey: Energy Resources Gate, New Jersey: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.926785°, -74.1337496° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.926785,"lon":-74.1337496,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

213

Synthesis of Reversible Functions Beyond Gate Count and Quantum Cost  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many synthesis approaches for reversible and quantum logic have been proposed so far. However, most of them generate circuits with respect to simple metrics, i.e. gate count or quantum cost. On the other hand, to physically realize reversible and quantum hardware, additional constraints exist. In this paper, we describe cost metrics beyond gate count and quantum cost that should be considered while synthesizing reversible and quantum logic for the respective target technologies. We show that the evaluation of a synthesis approach may differ if additional costs are applied. In addition, a new cost metric, namely Nearest Neighbor Cost (NNC) which is imposed by realistic physical quantum architectures, is considered in detail. We discuss how existing synthesis flows can be extended to generate optimal circuits with respect to NNC while still keeping the quantum cost small.

Robert Wille; Mehdi Saeedi; Rolf Drechsler

2010-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

214

Bayesian estimation of one-parameter qubit gates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address estimation of one-parameter unitary gates for qubit systems and seek for optimal probes and measurements. Single- and two-qubit probes are analyzed in details focusing on precision and stability of the estimation procedure. Bayesian inference is employed and compared with the ultimate quantum limits to precision, taking into account the biased nature of Bayes estimator in the non asymptotic regime. Besides, through the evaluation of the asymptotic a posteriori distribution for the gate parameter and the comparison with the results of Monte Carlo simulated experiments, we show that asymptotic optimality of Bayes estimator is actually achieved after a limited number of runs. The robustness of the estimation procedure against fluctuations of the measurement settings is investigated and the use of entanglement to improve the overall stability of the estimation scheme is also analyzed in some details.

Berihu Teklu; Stefano Olivares; Matteo G A Paris

2008-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

215

Optical Determination of Gate--Tunable Bandgap in Bilayer Graphene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electronic bandgap is an intrinsic property of semiconductors and insulators that largely determines their transport and optical properties. As such, it has a central role in modern device physics and technology and governs the operation of semiconductor devices such as p-n junctions, transistors, photodiodes and lasers. A tunable bandgap would be highly desirable because it would allow great flexibility in design and optimization of such devices, in particular if it could be tuned by applying a variable external electric field. However, in conventional materials, the bandgap is fixed by their crystalline structure, preventing such bandgap control. Here we demonstrate the realization of a widely tunable electronic bandgap in electrically gated bilayer graphene. Using a dual-gate bilayer graphene field-effect transistor (FET) and infrared microspectroscopy, we demonstrate a gate-controlled, continuously tunable bandgap of up to 250 meV. Our technique avoids uncontrolled chemical doping and provides direct evidence of a widely tunable bandgap -- spanning a spectral range from zero to mid-infrared -- that has eluded previous attempts. Combined with the remarkable electrical transport properties of such systems, this electrostatic bandgap control suggests novel nanoelectronic and nanophotonic device applications based on graphene.

Zhang, Yuanbo; Tang, Tsung-Ta; Girit, Caglar; Hao, Zhao; Martin, Michael C.; Zettl, Alex; Crommie, Michael F.; Shen, Y. Ron; Wang, Feng

2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

216

GATE Center for Automotive Fuel Cell Systems at Virginia Tech  

SciTech Connect

The Virginia Tech GATE Center for Automotive Fuel Cell Systems (CAFCS) achieved the following objectives in support of the domestic automotive industry: ? Expanded and updated fuel cell and vehicle technologies education programs; ? Conducted industry directed research in three thrust areas ?? development and characterization of materials for PEM fuel cells; performance and durability modeling for PEM fuel cells; and fuel cell systems design and optimization, including hybrid and plug-in hybrid fuel cell vehicles; ? Developed MS and Ph.D. engineers and scientists who are pursuing careers related to fuel cells and automotive applications; ? Published research results that provide industry with new knowledge which contributes to the advancement of fuel cell and vehicle systems commercialization. With support from the Dept. of Energy, the CAFCS upgraded existing graduate course offerings; introduced a hands-on laboratory component that make use of Virginia Tech??s comprehensive laboratory facilities, funded 15 GATE Fellowships over a five year period; and expanded our program of industry interaction to improve student awareness of challenges and opportunities in the automotive industry. GATE Center graduate students have a state-of-the-art research experience preparing them for a career to contribute to the advancement fuel cell and vehicle technologies.

Nelson, Douglas

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

217

Implementation of dynamically corrected gates for single-spin qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Precise control of an open quantum system is critical to quantum information processing, but is challenging due to inevitable interactions between the quantum system and the environment. We demonstrated experimentally at room temperature a type of dynamically corrected gates on the nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond. The infidelity of quantum gates caused by environment nuclear spin bath is reduced from being the second-order to the sixth-order of the noise to control field ratio, which offers greater efficiency in reducing the infidelity by reducing the noise level. The decay time of the coherent oscillation driven by dynamically corrected gates is shown to be two orders of magnitude longer than the dephasing time, and is essentially limited by spin-lattice relaxation. The infidelity of DCG, which is actually constrained by the decay time, reaches $4\\times 10^{-3}$ at room temperature and is further reducible by 2-3 orders of magnitudes via lowering temperature. The greatly reduced noise dependence of infidelity and the uttermost extension of the coherent time mark an important step towards fault-tolerant quantum computation in realistic systems.

Xing Rong; Jianpei Geng; Zixiang Wang; Qi Zhang; Chenyong Ju; Fazhan Shi; Chang-Kui Duan; Jiangfeng Du

2013-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

218

PressurePressure Indiana Coal Characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TimeTime PressurePressure · Indiana Coal Characteristics · Indiana Coals for Coke · CoalTransportation in Indiana · Coal Slurry Ponds Evaluation · Site Selection for Coal Gasification · Coal-To-Liquids Study, CTL · Indiana Coal Forecasting · Under-Ground Coal Gasification · Benefits of Oxyfuel Combustion · Economic

Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

219

Blade-Vortex Interactions in High Pressure Steam Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A detailed experimental and numerical investigation of the transport of streamwise (passage) vortices in high-pressure axial turbines and their interaction with the downstream blade rows was performed. The results indicate large variations in the downstream flow field, notably the development of the secondary flows. The mechanism of passage vortex transport was studied in two differently configured high-pressure turbine stages. In the first configuration, the blades are radially stacked while the second configuration features three-dimensionally stacked high-pressure steam turbine blading. The stator hub passage vortex is chopped by the downstream blade row in a similar way to the wake. The bowed vortex tube near the inlet to the rotor appeared to develop two counter-rotating legs extending back to the leading edges of the adjacent blades. These were termed the suction side leg and the pressure side leg. The two legs of the incoming passage vortex then convect with the respective velocities on the blade surfaces. The results are discussed for the radially stacked turbine and the 3-D turbine separately.

Venkata Siva Prasad Chaluvadi

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Underbalanced perforation characteristics as affected by differential pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Underbalanced, tubing-conveyed completions are increasing because of the apparent advantages of cleaner perforations, reduced completion times, and stimulation treatments. Radial-flow Berea sandstone core specimens are used to determine the perforation characteristics resulting from time-dependent pressure differentials between core pressure and wellbore pressure during the completion process. The primary perforation characteristic studied (radial flow ratio (RFR)) is defined as the ratio of the perforated flow rate to the flow rate of the unperforated core. The perforation flow tests included pressure differentials from 500 psi (3450 kPa) overbalanced to 1,000 psi (6900 kPa) underbalanced, with immediate or delayed surging. The RFR was affected most by the 500-psi and 1,000-psi (3450- and 6900-kPa) underbalance. The surged RFR's were from 50 to 58% greater than the no-surge RFR's. Perforation hole volumes were increased as much as 55% by the surge, indicating some elimination of the compacted, damaged-zone material. Underbalanced surge conditions (1,000 psi (6900 kPa)) increased hole volume to four times that resulting from 500 psi (3450 kPa) overbalanced, no-surge conditions. Underbalanced surging, either at the instant of perforation or subsequently, appears to improve the flow characteristics of shaped-charge perforations by simultaneously reducing the thickness of the low-permeability crushed zone and increasing the perforation surface area.

Regalbuto, J.A.; Riggs, R.S.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Effects of Radial Variation of the Magnetic Field on the Pressure Distribution in the European Liquid-Metal Blanket Concept  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In-Vessel Components - FW, Blanket, Shield & VV / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 1)

Leo Bhler; Chiara Mistrangelo

222

Radial flow has little effect on clusterization at intermediate energies in the framework of the Lattice Gas Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lattice Gas Model was extended to incorporate the effect of radial flow. Contrary to popular belief, radial flow has little effect on the clusterization process in intermediate energy heavy-ion collisions except adding an ordered motion to the particles in the fragmentation source. We compared the results from the lattice gas model with and without radial flow to experimental data. We found that charge yields from central collisions are not significantly affected by inclusion of any reasonable radial flow.

C. B. Das; L. Shi; S. Das Gupta

2004-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

223

Spin-Orbit Alignment of the TrES-4 Transiting Planetary System and Possible Additional Radial-Velocity Variation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report new radial velocities of the TrES-4 transiting planetary system, including observations of

Narita, Norio

224

Geometric phase gate on an optical transition for ion trap quantum computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a geometric phase gate of two ion qubits that are encoded in two levels linked by an optical dipole-forbidden transition. Compared to hyperfine geometric phase gates mediated by electric dipole transitions, the gate has many interesting properties, such as very low spontaneous emission rates, applicability to magnetic field insensitive states, and use of a co-propagating laser beam geometry. We estimate that current technology allows for infidelities of around 10$^{-4}$.

Kim, K; Aolita, L; Hffner, H; Nebendahl, V; Blatt, R

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Geometric phase gate on an optical transition for ion trap quantum computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a geometric phase gate of two ion qubits that are encoded in two levels linked by an optical dipole-forbidden transition. Compared to hyperfine geometric phase gates mediated by electric dipole transitions, the gate has many interesting properties, such as very low spontaneous emission rates, applicability to magnetic field insensitive states, and use of a co-propagating laser beam geometry. We estimate that current technology allows for infidelities of around 10$^{-4}$.

K. Kim; C. F. Roos; L. Aolita; H. Haeffner; V. Nebendahl; R. Blatt

2007-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

226

Tide gate sensor network as a forensic tool: establishing facts during superstorm sandy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents a Sensor Network based Tide Gate Monitoring System (SensorTGMS) that automatically collects the real-time water levels at tide gates in the New Jersey Meadowlands District where ninety percent of which lies within two feet of the ... Keywords: emergency management, flood alerts, forensic analysis, hurricane, hurricane damages, sensor network, superstorm sandy, tide gate monitoring system, water level, water quality

Soon Ae Chun; Francisco Artigas

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

PRESSURE WELDING--BIBLIOGRAPHY  

SciTech Connect

A bibliography containing 117 references from the years 1944 to 1961 on pressure welding is presented. (N.W.R.)

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Structural Insights into Ion Selectivity and Calcium Blockage in Cyclic Nucleotide Gated Channels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cyclic nucleotides-gated (CNG) channels play an essential role in the visual and olfactory sensory systems and are ubiquitously expressed in a variety of neuronal and (more)

[No author

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Bart Gordon, K&L Gates, Partner; Former Representative from Tennessee Stefan Heck, McKinsey & Co., Director, Leader of Global Cleantech Practice Carrie Houtman, The Dow Chemical...

230

U-9: Implementation of Parylene as a Low- ? Gate Dielectric Material ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For a top gated FET, the graphene-dielectric interface play an important role in the FET behavior and mobility degradation mainly due to carrier scattering after...

231

Operational Multiple-Doppler Wind Retrieval Inferred from Long-Range Radial Velocity Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent deployment of an innovative triple pulse rise time (PRT) scheme within the French operational radar network allows for the simultaneous collection of reflectivity and radial velocity measurements up to a range of 250 km with no ...

Olivier Bousquet; Pierre Tabary; Jacques Parent du Chtelet

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Optimizing radial basis functions by DC programming and its use in ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 12, 2009 ... Optimizing radial basis functions by D.C. programming and its use in direct search for global derivative-free optimization. An Le Thi Hoai(lethi...

233

EPRI First-Generation Advanced Radial Feeder for the Distribution System of the Future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a design for integrating distributed generation (DG) on a radial feeder, amounting to 75% of the feeder's peak load. A standard IEEE radial test feeder was used for the study, which was conducted using software tools readily available to utilities. Distributed Network Protocol (DNP3) to IEC 61850 mappings were developed to enable adaptive voltage control on the feeder. This type of automation to enable the strategic use of DG has not been implemented before.

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

234

THE EFFECT OF A MINIMUM WEIGHT RADIAL REFLECTOR ON SNAP SHIELDING REQUIREMENTS  

SciTech Connect

A model was derived for a minimum-weight radial reflector for SNAP reactors. The effect, which the use of this optimal reflector has on radiation shield weight requirements is investigated. Weights of systems employing conventional and optimal radial reflectors are compared using the FARSE and FARSER computer codes. It is found that for the configuration under study additional shield weight required when the optimal reflector is used is in excess of the reflector weight savings. (auth)

Bernick, R.L.

1963-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

235

Pressure reducing regulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressure reducing regulator that controls its downstream or outlet pressure to a fixed fraction of its upstream or inlet pressure is disclosed. The regulator includes a housing which may be of a titanium alloy, within which is located a seal or gasket at the outlet end which may be made of annealed copper, a rod, and piston, each of which may be made of high density graphite. The regulator is insensitive to temperature by virtue of being without a spring or gas sealed behind a diaphragm, and provides a reference for a system in which it is being used. The rod and piston of the regulator are constructed, for example, to have a 1/20 ratio such that when the downstream pressure is less than 1/20 of the upstream pressure the regulator opens and when the downstream pressure exceeds 1/20 of the upstream pressure the regulator closes. 10 figs.

Whitehead, J.C.; Dilgard, L.W.

1995-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

236

GATE Air-Sea Interactions II: Numerical-Model Calculation of Regional Sea-Surface Temperature Fields Using the GATE Version III Gridded Global Data Set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The numerical model of air-sea interaction previously described in Brown et al. (1982), Pandolfo and Jacobs (1972) and Pandolfo (1969) is applied over a limited horizontal portion of the GATE III Gridded Global Data set (including continental ...

P. S. Brown Jr.; J. P. Pandolfo; G. D. Robinson

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Fault diagnosis in reversible circuits under missing-gate fault model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a novel technique for fault detection as well as fault location in a reversible combinational circuit under the missing gate fault model. It is shown that in an (nxn) reversible circuit implemented with k-CNOT gates, addition of ...

Hafizur Rahaman; Dipak K. Kole; Debesh K. Das; Bhargab B. Bhattacharya

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Event-driven gate-level simulation with GP-GPUs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Logic simulation is a critical component of the design tool flow in modern hardware development efforts. It is used widely -- from high-level descriptions down to gate-level ones -- to validate several aspects of the design, particularly functional correctness. ... Keywords: gate-level simulation, general purpose graphics processing unit (GP-GPU), high-performance simulation

Debapriya Chatterjee; Andrew DeOrio; Valeria Bertacco

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Cumulonimbus Vertical Velocity Events in GATE. Part I: Diameter, Intensity and Mass Flux  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the first part of a two-part paper defining the nature of the vertical air motion in and around GATE cumulonimbus clouds. The statistics are from a total of 104 km of flight legs, flown on six days in GATE, at altitudes from near the ...

Margaret A. LeMone; Edward J. Zipser

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Multi-Input Floating Gate Differential Amplifier and Application to Intelligent Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-input floating gate differential amplifier (FGDA) is proposed which can perform any convolution operation with differential structure and feedback loop. All operations are in the voltage mode. Only one terminal is required for the negative feedback ... Keywords: DCT, floating gate, image compression, image sensor, signal processing

Takeyasu Sakai; Hiromasa Nagai; Takashi Matsumoto

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Bias temperature instability from gate charge characteristics investigations in N-Channel Power MOSFET  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports the effects of bias temperature stress (positive and negative bias temperature instabilites, PBTI-NBTI) on threshold voltage, input capacitance and Miller capacitance of N-Channel Power MOSFET. The device is stressed with gate voltage ... Keywords: Gate charge, NBTI, PBTI, Power MOSFET, Thermal cycling, Thermal stress

M. Alwan; B. Beydoun; K. Ketata; M. Zoaeter

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Work function control at metal high-dielectric-constant gate oxide interfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been difficulty in finding metals of sufficiently large or small effective work function to act as metal electrodes on high-dielectric-constant gate oxides. To understand the factors affecting the effective work function, we have calculated ... Keywords: High K oxides, Metal gates

K. Tse; J. Robertson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Dual-K Versus Dual-T Technique for Gate Leakage Reduction: A Comparative Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a result of aggressive technology scaling, gate leakage (gate oxide direct tunneling) has become a major component of total power dissipation. Use of dielectrics of higher permittivity (Dual-K) or use of silicon dioxide of higher thicknesses (Dual-T ...

Saraju P. Mohanty; Ramakrishna Velagapudi; Elias Kougianos

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Fiber-Optic Stethoscope: A Cardiac Monitoring and Gating System for Magnetic Resonance Microscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fiber-Optic Stethoscope: A Cardiac Monitoring and Gating System for Magnetic Resonance Microscopy monitoring and gating purposes. The fiber-optic stethoscope system offers a novel approach to measuring) small enough for use on rats and mice. METHODS Fiber-Optic Stethoscope System Design As shown in the MR

245

Gate capacitance modeling and width-dependent performance of graphene nanoribbon transistors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The width-dependent performance of armchair GNRs-FETs is investigated by developing a fully analytical gate capacitance model based on effective mass approximation and semiclassical ballistic transport. The model incorporates the effects of edge bond ... Keywords: Analytic ballistic model, Gate capacitance, Graphene FETs, Graphene nanoribbons, Performance metrics

George S. Kliros

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

3D modelling of an important symbol of the orthodox wooden churches: the imperial gates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents an on-going process to digitally reconstruct the Imperial Gates of the old Romanian orthodox churches scattered on a large geographical area in Transylvania. Due to the locations of the churches and to the indestructible character ... Keywords: 3d scanning, cultural heritage, imperial gates, orthodox wooden churches

Radu Moraru; Oana Gui; Ioan Chirila

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

HRTEM image simulations for the study of ultra-thin gate oxides  

SciTech Connect

We have performed high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) image simulations to qualitatively assess the visibility of various structural defects in ultra-thin gate oxides of MOSFET devices, and to quantitatively examine the accuracy of HRTEM in performing gate oxide metrology. Structural models contained crystalline defects embedded in an amorphous 16 {angstrom}-thick gate oxide. Simulated images were calculated for structures viewed in cross-section. Defect visibility was assessed as a function of specimen thickness and defect morphology, composition, size and orientation. Defect morphologies included asperities lying on the substrate surface, as well as ''bridging'' defects connecting the substrate to the gate electrode. Measurements of gate oxide thickness extracted from simulated images were compared to actual dimensions in the model structure to assess TEM accuracy for metrology. The effects of specimen tilt, specimen thickness, objective lens defocus and coefficient of spherical aberration (C{sub s}) on measurement accuracy were explored for nominal 10{angstrom} gate oxide thickness. Results from this work suggest that accurate metrology of ultra-thin gate oxides (i.e. limited to several per cent error) is feasible on a consistent basis only by using a C{sub s}-corrected microscope. However, fundamental limitations remain for characterizing defects in gate oxides using HRTEM, even with the new generation of C{sub s}-corrected microscopes.

Taylor, Seth T.; Mardinly, John; O'Keefe, Michael A.

2001-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

248

Energy-Delay Tradeoffs in Combinational Logic using Gate Sizing and Supply Voltage Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy-Delay Tradeoffs in Combinational Logic using Gate Sizing and Supply Voltage Optimization savings to the energy profile of a circuit. These savings are obtained by using gate sizing and supply of energy to delay is derived from a linear delay model extended to multiple supplies. The optimizations

Nikolic, Borivoje

249

A satisfiability algorithm for constant depth boolean circuits with unbounded fan-in gates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boolean Circuits with Unbounded Fan-In Gates A dissertationAC 0 by allowing unbounded fan-in M OD m 1 , . . . , M OD mSince each gate in ? has fan-in at most k and ? has depth D

Matthews, William Grant

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Integration of Gd silicate/TiN gate stacks into SOI n-MOSFETs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work we describe the gate first integration of gadolinium silicate (GdSiO) high-k dielectrics and metal gate electrodes into SOI n-MOSFETs. Fully functional devices are achieved and compared to reference devices with standard SiO"2. Analysis ... Keywords: Gadolinium silicate, High temperature stable high-k dielectric, SOI n-MOSFET with high-k

M. Schmidt; A. Stefani; H. D. B. Gottlob; H. Kurz

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational Health  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MedGate Occupational MedGate Occupational Health and Safety Medical System (OHS) (Includes the Drug and Alcohol Testing System (Assistant)) PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational Health and Safety Medical System (OHS) (Includes the Drug and Alcohol Testing System (Assistant)) PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational Health and Safety Medical System (OHS) (Includes the Drug and Alcohol Testing System (Assistant)) PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational Health and Safety Medical System (OHS) (Includes the Drug and Alcohol Testing System (Assistant)) More Documents & Publications PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) Procurement Cycle System (PCS) PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solutions (SRNS) Human Resource Management

252

Mechanism of activation gating in the full-length KcsA K[superscript +] channel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a constitutively active channel mutant, we solved the structure of full-length KcsA in the open conformation at 3.9 {angstrom}. The structure reveals that the activation gate expands about 20 {angstrom}, exerting a strain on the bulge helices in the C-terminal domain and generating side windows large enough to accommodate hydrated K{sup +} ions. Functional and spectroscopic analysis of the gating transition provides direct insight into the allosteric coupling between the activation gate and the selectivity filter. We show that the movement of the inner gate helix is transmitted to the C-terminus as a straightforward expansion, leading to an upward movement and the insertion of the top third of the bulge helix into the membrane. We suggest that by limiting the extent to which the inner gate can open, the cytoplasmic domain also modulates the level of inactivation occurring at the selectivity filter.

Uysal, Serdar; Cuello, Luis G.; Cortes, D. Marien; Koide, Shohei; Kossiakoff, Anthony A.; Perozo, Eduardo (UC)

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

253

Pressurized fluidized bed reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressurized fluid bed reactor power plant includes a fluidized bed reactor contained within a pressure vessel with a pressurized gas volume between the reactor and the vessel. A first conduit supplies primary gas from the gas volume to the reactor, passing outside the pressure vessel and then returning through the pressure vessel to the reactor, and pressurized gas is supplied from a compressor through a second conduit to the gas volume. A third conduit, comprising a hot gas discharge, carries gases from the reactor, through a filter, and ultimately to a turbine. During normal operation of the plant, pressurized gas is withdrawn from the gas volume through the first conduit and introduced into the reactor at a substantially continuously controlled rate as the primary gas to the reactor. In response to an operational disturbance of the plant, the flow of gas in the first, second, and third conduits is terminated, and thereafter the pressure in the gas volume and in the reactor is substantially simultaneously reduced by opening pressure relief valves in the first and third conduits, and optionally by passing air directly from the second conduit to the turbine.

Isaksson, Juhani (Karhula, FI)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Pressurized fluidized bed reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressurized fluid bed reactor power plant includes a fluidized bed reactor contained within a pressure vessel with a pressurized gas volume between the reactor and the vessel. A first conduit supplies primary gas from the gas volume to the reactor, passing outside the pressure vessel and then returning through the pressure vessel to the reactor, and pressurized gas is supplied from a compressor through a second conduit to the gas volume. A third conduit, comprising a hot gas discharge, carries gases from the reactor, through a filter, and ultimately to a turbine. During normal operation of the plant, pressurized gas is withdrawn from the gas volume through the first conduit and introduced into the reactor at a substantially continuously controlled rate as the primary gas to the reactor. In response to an operational disturbance of the plant, the flow of gas in the first, second, and third conduits is terminated, and thereafter the pressure in the gas volume and in the reactor is substantially simultaneously reduced by opening pressure relief valves in the first and third conduits, and optionally by passing air directly from the second conduit to the turbine. 1 fig.

Isaksson, J.

1996-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

255

Hydrostatic Pressure Retainment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There is a great deal of attention being concentrated on reducing the weight of pressure vessels and fuel/oxidizer tanks (tankage) by 10% to 20%. Most (more)

Setlock, Robert J., Jr.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Investigation of radial wire arrays for inertial confinement fusion and radiation effects science.  

SciTech Connect

Radial wire arrays provide an alternative x-ray source for Z-pinch driven Inertial Confinement Fusion. These arrays, where wires are positioned radially outwards from a central cathode to a concentric anode, have the potential to drive a more compact ICF hohlraum. A number of experiments were performed on the 7MA Saturn Generator. These experiments studied a number of potential risks in scaling radial wire arrays up from the 1MA level, where they have been shown to provide similar x-ray outputs to larger diameter cylindrical arrays, to the higher current levels required for ICF. Data indicates that at 7MA radial arrays can obtain higher power densities than cylindrical wire arrays, so may be of use for x-ray driven ICF on future facilities. Even at the 7MA level, data using Saturn's short pulse mode indicates that a radial array should be able to drive a compact hohlraum to temperatures {approx}92eV, which may be of interest for opacity experiments. These arrays are also shown to have applications to jet production for laboratory astrophysics. MHD simulations require additional physics to match the observed behavior.

Serrano, Jason Dimitri; Bland, Simon Nicholas (Imperial College, London); McBride, Ryan D.; Chittenden, Jeremy Paul (Imperial College, London); Suzuki-Vidal, Francisco Andres (Imperial College, London); Jennings, Christopher A.; Hall, Gareth Neville (Imperial College, London); Ampleford, David J.; Peyton, Bradley Philip; Lebedev, Sergey V. (Imperial College, London); Cleveland, Monica; Rogers, Thomas John; Cuneo, Michael Edward; Coverdale, Christine Anne; Jones, Brent Manley; Jones, Michael C.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Miniaturized pressurization system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to pressurization systems and liquid rocket propulsion systems, and particularly to those used to attitude control or maneuvering of small space vehicles or airborne vehicles where the requirement for thrust is intermittent rather than continuous, and must be available rapidly upon demand. This invention also relates to increasing performance of such propulsion systems, by way of eliminating inert mass from the propulsion system. The invention uses a fluid stored at a low pressure and provides the fluid at a high pressure. The invention allows the low pressure fluid to flow to a fluid bore of a differential pump and from the pump to a fluid pressure regulator. After flowing through the regulator the fluid is converted to a gas which is directed to a gas bore of the differential pump. By controlling the flow of gas entering and being exhausted from the gas bore, the invention provides pressure to the fluid. By setting the regulator, the high pressure fluid can be set at predetermined values. Because the invention only needs a low pressure fluid, the inventive apparatus has a low mass, and therefore would be useful in rocket propulsion systems.

Whitehead, J.C.; Swink, D.G.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

258

Gas-controlled dynamic vacuum insulation with gas gate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a dynamic vacuum insulation comprising sidewalls enclosing an evacuated chamber and gas control means for releasing hydrogen gas into a chamber to increase gas molecule conduction of heat across the chamber and retrieving hydrogen gas from the chamber. The gas control means includes a metal hydride that absorbs and retains hydrogen gas at cooler temperatures and releases hydrogen gas at hotter temperatures; a hydride heating means for selectively heating the metal hydride to temperatures high enough to release hydrogen gas from the metal hydride; and gate means positioned between the metal hydride and the chamber for selectively allowing hydrogen to flow or not to flow between said metal hydride and said chamber. 25 figs.

Benson, D.K.; Potter, T.F.

1994-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

259

Gas-controlled dynamic vacuum insulation with gas gate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a dynamic vacuum insulation comprising sidewalls enclosing an evacuated chamber and gas control means for releasing hydrogen gas into a chamber to increase gas molecule conduction of heat across the chamber and retrieving hydrogen gas from the chamber. The gas control means includes a metal hydride that absorbs and retains hydrogen gas at cooler temperatures and releases hydrogen gas at hotter temperatures; a hydride heating means for selectively heating the metal hydride to temperatures high enough to release hydrogen gas from the metal hydride; and gate means positioned between the metal hydride and the chamber for selectively allowing hydrogen to flow or not to flow between said metal hydride and said chamber.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1994-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

260

Nuclear reactor pressure vessel support system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A support system for nuclear reactor pressure vessels which can withstand all possible combinations of stresses caused by a postulated core disrupting accident during reactor operation. The nuclear reactor pressure vessel is provided with a flange around the upper periphery thereof, and the flange includes an annular vertical extension formed integral therewith. A support ring is positioned atop of the support ledge and the flange vertical extension, and is bolted to both members. The plug riser is secured to the flange vertical extension and to the top of a radially outwardly extension of the rotatable plug. This system eliminates one joint through which fluids contained in the vessel could escape by making the fluid flow path through the joint between the flange and the support ring follow the same path through which fluid could escape through the plug risers. In this manner, the sealing means to prohibit the escape of contained fluids through the plug risers can also prohibit the escape of contained fluid through the securing joint.

Sepelak, George R. (McMurray, PA)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

PRESSURE ACTIVATED SEALANT TECHNOLOGY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to develop new, efficient, cost effective methods of internally sealing natural gas pipeline leaks through the application of differential pressure activated sealants. In researching the current state of the art for gas pipeline sealing technologies we concluded that if the project was successful, it appeared that pressure activated sealant technology would provide a cost effective alternative to existing pipeline repair technology. From our analysis of current field data for a 13 year period from 1985 to 1997 we were able to identify 205 leaks that were candidates for pressure activated sealant technology, affirming that pressure activated sealant technology is a viable option to traditional external leak repairs. The data collected included types of defects, areas of defects, pipe sizes and materials, incident and operating pressures, ability of pipeline to be pigged and corrosion states. This data, and subsequent analysis, was utilized as a basis for constructing applicable sealant test modeling.

Michael A. Romano

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

STELLAR POPULATIONS AND RADIAL MIGRATIONS IN VIRGO DISK GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

We present new stellar age profiles, derived from well-resolved optical and near-infrared images of 64 Virgo cluster disk galaxies, whose analysis poses a challenge for current disk galaxy formation models. Our ability to break the age-metallicity degeneracy and the significant size of our sample represent key improvements over complementary studies of field disk galaxies. Our results can be summarized as follows: first, and contrary to observations of disk galaxies in the field, these cluster galaxies are distributed almost equally amongst the three main types of disk galaxy luminosity profiles (I/II/III), indicating that the formation and/or survival of Type II breaks is suppressed within the cluster environment. Second, we find examples of statistically significant inversions ({sup U}-shapes{sup )} in the age profiles of all three disk galaxy types, reminiscent of predictions from high-resolution simulations of classically truncated Type II disks in the field. These features characterize the age profiles for only about a third ({<=}36%) of each disk galaxy type in our sample. An even smaller fraction of cluster disks ({approx}11% of the total sample) exhibit age profiles that decrease outward (i.e., negative age gradients). Instead, flat and/or positive age gradients prevail ({>=}50%) within our Type I, II, and III subsamples. These observations thus suggest that while stellar migrations and inside-out growth can play a significant role in the evolution of all disk galaxy types, other factors contributing to the evolution of galaxies can overwhelm the predicted signatures of these processes. We interpret our observations through a scenario whereby Virgo cluster disk galaxies formed initially like their brethren in the field but which, upon falling into the cluster, were transformed into their present state through external processes linked to the environment (e.g., ram-pressure stripping and harassment). Current disk galaxy formation models, which have largely focused on field galaxies, fail to reproduce these results, thus calling for adequate hydrodynamical simulations of dense galaxy environments if we are to understand cluster disks. The current paper highlights numerous constraints for such simulations. In the Appendix, we confirm the claim by Erwin et al. that Type II breaks are absent in Virgo cluster S0s and discuss the detection of Type III breaks in such galaxies.

Roediger, Joel C.; Courteau, Stephane [Department of Physics, Engineering Physics and Astronomy, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario (Canada); Sanchez-Blazquez, Patricia [Deptartamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); McDonald, Michael, E-mail: jroediger@astro.queensu.ca, E-mail: courteau@astro.queensu.ca, E-mail: p.sanchezblazquez@uam.es, E-mail: mcdonald@space.mit.edu [Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

263

Line profile variations in classical Cepheids. Evidence for non-radial pulsations?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have investigated line profiles in a large sample of Cepheid spectra, and found four stars that show unusual (for Cepheids) line profile structure (bumps or/and asymmetries). The profiles can be phase dependent but the behavior persists over many cycles. The asymmetries are unlikely to be due to the spectroscopic binarity of these stars or the specific velocity field in their atmospheres caused by shock waves. As a preliminary hypothesis, we suggest that the observed features on the line profiles in the spectra of X Sgr, V1334 Cyg, EV Sct and BG Cru can be caused by the non-radial oscillations. It is possible that these non-radial oscillations are connected to resonances between the radial modes (3.2, 7.5 or 10.0 days).

V. V. Kovtyukh; S. M. Andrievsky; R. E. Luck; N. I. Gorlova

2003-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

264

Zinc Uptake and Radial Transport in Roots of Arabidopsis thaliana: A Modelling Approach to Understand Accumulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zinc uptake in roots is believed to be mediated by ZIP (ZRT-, IRT- like Proteins) transporters. Once inside the symplast, zinc is transported to the pericycle, where it exits by means of HMA (Heavy Metal ATPase) transporters. The combination of symplastic transport and spatial separation of influx and efflux produces a pattern in which zinc accumulates in the pericycle. Here, mathematical modelling was employed to study the importance of ZIP regulation, HMA level and symplastic transport in creation of the radial pattern of zinc in primary roots of Arabidopsis thaliana. A comprehensive one-dimensional dynamical model of radial zinc transport in roots was developed and used to conduct simulations. The model accounts for the structure of the root consisting of symplast and apoplast and includes effects of water flow, diffusion, and cross-membrane transport via transporters. It also incorporates the radial geometry and varying porosity of root tissues, as well as regulation of ZIP transporters. Steady state patt...

Claus, Juliane; Chavarra-Krauser, Andrs

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

A simple model for radial expansion reactivity in LMRs (liquid metal reactors)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presented in this report is a simple analytical model developed for evaluating the radial expansion reactivity in small modular liquid metal reactors (LMRs). The present model is based on a non-leakage representation of the effective neutron multiplication factor. The resultant analytical expression for the radial expansion reactivity is simple and can be used directly in a system code for safety analyses. Applications of the present model to PRISM and SAFR resulted in a good agreement with the values reported by vendors. This agreement establishes that the large negative reactivity insertion resulting from LMR core radial expansion can be confirmed using a simple analytical approach, and thus is important in the current effort to evaluate the reactor inherent feedbacks for the PRISM and SAFR designs.

Cheng, H.S.; Van Tuyle, G.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Pressurizer tank upper support  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressurizer tank in a pressurized water nuclear reactor is mounted between structural walls of the reactor on a substructure of the reactor, the tank extending upwardly from the substructure. For bearing lateral loads such as seismic shocks, a girder substantially encircles the pressurizer tank at a space above the substructure and is coupled to the structural walls via opposed sway struts. Each sway strut is attached at one end to the girder and at an opposite end to one of the structural walls, and the sway struts are oriented substantially horizontally in pairs aligned substantially along tangents to the wall of the circular tank. Preferably, eight sway struts attach to the girder at 90[degree] intervals. A compartment encloses the pressurizer tank and forms the structural wall. The sway struts attach to corners of the compartment for maximum stiffness and load bearing capacity. A valve support frame carrying the relief/discharge piping and valves of an automatic depressurization arrangement is fixed to the girder, whereby lateral loads on the relief/discharge piping are coupled directly to the compartment rather than through any portion of the pressurizer tank. Thermal insulation for the valve support frame prevents thermal loading of the piping and valves. The girder is shimmed to define a gap for reducing thermal transfer, and the girder is free to move vertically relative to the compartment walls, for accommodating dimensional variation of the pressurizer tank with changes in temperature and pressure. 10 figures.

Baker, T.H.; Ott, H.L.

1994-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

267

Pressurizer tank upper support  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressurizer tank in a pressurized water nuclear reactor is mounted between structural walls of the reactor on a substructure of the reactor, the tank extending upwardly from the substructure. For bearing lateral loads such as seismic shocks, a girder substantially encircles the pressurizer tank at a space above the substructure and is coupled to the structural walls via opposed sway struts. Each sway strut is attached at one end to the girder and at an opposite end to one of the structural walls, and the sway struts are oriented substantially horizontally in pairs aligned substantially along tangents to the wall of the circular tank. Preferably, eight sway struts attach to the girder at 90.degree. intervals. A compartment encloses the pressurizer tank and forms the structural wall. The sway struts attach to corners of the compartment for maximum stiffness and load bearing capacity. A valve support frame carrying the relief/discharge piping and valves of an automatic depressurization arrangement is fixed to the girder, whereby lateral loads on the relief/discharge piping are coupled directly to the compartment rather than through any portion of the pressurizer tank. Thermal insulation for the valve support frame prevents thermal loading of the piping and valves. The girder is shimmed to define a gap for reducing thermal transfer, and the girder is free to move vertically relative to the compartment walls, for accommodating dimensional variation of the pressurizer tank with changes in temperature and pressure.

Baker, Tod H. (O' Hara Township, Allegheny County, PA); Ott, Howard L. (Kiski Township, Armstrong County, PA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

The Gated X-ray Detector for the National Ignition Facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two new gated x-ray imaging cameras have recently been designed, constructed and delivered to the National Ignition Facility in Livermore, CA. These Gated X-ray Detectors are each designed to fit within an aluminum airbox with a large capacity cooling plane and are fitted with an array of environmental housekeeping sensors. These instruments are significant different from earlier generations of gated x-ray images due in parts to an innovative impendence matching scheme, advanced phosphor screens, pulsed phosphor circuits, precision assembly fixturing, unique system monitoring and complete remote computer control. Preliminary characterization has shown repeatable uniformity between imaging strips, improved spatial resolution and no detectable impendence reflections.

Oertel, J A; Barnes, C; Archuleta, T; Casper, L; Fatherley, V; Heinrichs, T; King, R; Landers, D; Lopez, F; Sanchez, P; Sandoval, G; Schrank, L; Walsh, P; Bell, P; Brown, M; Costa, R; Holder, J; Montalongo, S; Pederson, N

2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

269

Imperfect linear-optical photonic gates with number-resolving photodetection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use the numerical optimization techniques of Uskov et al.[Phys. Rev. A 81, 012303 (2010)] to investigate the behavior of the success rates for Knill-Laflamme-Milburn-style [Knill et al., Nature (London) 409, 46 (2001)] two- and three-qubit entangling gates. The methods are first demonstrated at perfect fidelity and then extended to imperfect gates. We find that as the perfect fidelity condition is relaxed, the maximum attainable success rates increase in a predictable fashion depending on the size of the system, and we compare that rate of increase for several gates.

Smith, A. Matthew [Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118 (United States); Air Force Research Laboratory, Information Directorate, Rome, New York 13440 (United States); Uskov, D. B. [Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118 (United States); Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Brescia University, Owensboro, Kentucky 42301 (United States); Ying, L. H.; Kaplan, L. [Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118 (United States)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Stability analysis of a Morris-Thorne-Bronnikov-Ellis wormhole with pressure  

SciTech Connect

The model of a spherical Morris-Thorne-Bronnikov-Ellis wormhole is analyzed for stability. The matter of this wormhole is composed of a radial monopole magnetic field and a quasi-perfect phantom fluid. In the stationary case, the energy density of this fluid is negative and equal in magnitude to twice the energy density of the magnetic field. There is no pressure of this fluid in the stationary case (phantom dust), while in the case where the fluid energy density deviates from its stationary value, the pressure is proportional to the deviation of the energy density from its stationary value. An example of a wormhole stable against radial perturbations has been obtained.

Novikov, I. D., E-mail: novikov@asc.rssi.ru; Shatskiy, A. A., E-mail: shatskiy@asc.rssi.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Astrospace Center, Lebedev Physical Institute (Russian Federation)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric pressure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

pressure pressure ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric pressure The pressure exerted by the atmosphere as a consequence of gravitational attraction exerted upon the "column" of air lying directly above the point in question. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System

272

Giraffe blood pressure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

thing that happens to you when you raise or lower your head. The arteries serving your heart (carotids) constrict when you lower your head, and that lowers the blood pressure...

273

Capacitance pressure sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microelectromechanical (MEM) capacitance pressure sensor integrated with electronic circuitry on a common substrate and a method for forming such a device are disclosed. The MEM capacitance pressure sensor includes a capacitance pressure sensor formed at least partially in a cavity etched below the surface of a silicon substrate and adjacent circuitry (CMOS, BiCMOS, or bipolar circuitry) formed on the substrate. By forming the capacitance pressure sensor in the cavity, the substrate can be planarized (e.g. by chemical-mechanical polishing) so that a standard set of integrated circuit processing steps can be used to form the electronic circuitry (e.g. using an aluminum or aluminum-alloy interconnect metallization).

Eaton, William P. (Tijeras, NM); Staple, Bevan D. (Albuquerque, NM); Smith, James H. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Critical CRBR core pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conditions are detailed under which gas pressure will cause or initiate failure in the structural containment of the fuel core. The Clinch River Breeder Reactor Plant is the prototype structure. Two general classes of problems have been studied, representing two entirely distinct configurations of containment failure. The first model determines the minimum pressure to lift a portion or the entire core from its containment. The second model estimates the critical pressure above which the fuel rods interior to the hexagonal fuel can warp, leading to blockage of the gas passages. Such blockage might cause further buildup of the gas pressure to a level causing the failure of the fuel rod containment in the hexagonal fuel container.

Ju, F.D.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Pressure multiplying dispenser  

SciTech Connect

A pressure multiplying dispenser for delivering fluid, preferably as a spray to the atmosphere, from a source of fluid, preferably a spray bottle, is described. The dispenser includes in combination a hollow cylindrical member, a nozzle delivery tube within the cylindrical member and a hollow actuator piston slideable within the cylindrical member which acts to multiply the pressure of a squeeze applied to the spray bottle.

DeFord, Henry S. (Kennewick, WA); Moss, Owen R. (Kennewick, WA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

ECN Pressure Test  

SciTech Connect

This note describes: the rationale for the test pressure of the inner ECN cryostat vessel, the equipment to be used in this test, the test procedure, the status of the vessel prior to the test, the actual test results, and a schematic diagram of the testing set up and the pressure testing permit. The test, performed in the evening of July 17, 1991, was a major success. Based on a neglible pressure drop indicated on the pressure gages (1/4 psi), the vessel appeared to be structurally sound throughout the duration of the test (approx. 1.5 hrs.). No pressure increases were observed on the indicators looking at the beam tube bellows volumes. There was no indication of bubbles form the soap test on the welds and most of the fittings that were checked. There were some slight deviations in the actual procedure used. The UO filter was removed after the vessel had bled down to about 18 psig in order to speed up that aspect of the test. The rationale was that the higher velocity gas had already passed through at the higher pressures and there was no visible traces of the black uo particles. The rate of 4 psi/10 minutes seemed incredibly slow and often that time was reduced to just over half that rate. The testing personnel was allowed to stay in the pit throughout the duration of the test; this was a slight relaxation of the rules.

Dixon, K.; /Fermilab

1991-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

277

Fast static available transfer capability determination using radial basis function neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a competitive electricity market, available transfer capability information is required by market participants as well as the system operator for secure operation of the power system. The on-line updating of available transfer capability information ... Keywords: Available transfer capability, Euclidean distance based clustering technique, Radial basis function neural network, Random forest technique

T. Jain; S. N. Singh; S. C. Srivastava

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

15/06/2005 Solar Wind 11/SOHO 16 1 Radial Dependence of Solar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15/06/2005 Solar Wind 11/SOHO 16 1 Radial Dependence of Solar Energetic Particle Events M.-B. Kallenrode #12;15/06/2005 Solar Wind 11/SOHO 16 2 Outline No discussion about composition and charge states spectra) #12;15/06/2005 Solar Wind 11/SOHO 16 3 Propagation of a delta-pulse Delta-pulse gives Green

Kallenrode, May-Britt

279

Aerodynamically induced radial forces in a centrifugal gas compressor: Part 2 -- Computational investigation  

SciTech Connect

Radial loads and direction of a centrifugal gas compressor containing a high specific speed mixed flow impeller and a single tongue volute were determined both experimentally and computationally at both design and off-design conditions. The experimental methodology was developed in conjunction with a traditional ASME PTC-10 closed-loop test to determine radial load and direction. The experimental study is detailed in Part 1 of this paper (Moore and Flathers, 1998). The computational method employs a commercially available, fully three-dimensional viscous code to analyze the impeller and the volute interaction. An uncoupled scheme was initially used where the impeller and volute were analyzed as separate models using a common vaneless diffuser geometry. The two calculations were then repeated until the boundary conditions at a chosen location in the common vaneless diffuser were nearly the same. Subsequently, a coupled scheme was used where the entire stage geometry was analyzed in one calculation, thus eliminating the need for manual iteration of the two independent calculations. In addition to radial load and direction information, this computational procedure also provided aerodynamic stage performance. The effect of impeller front face and rear face cavities was also quantified. The paper will discuss computational procedures, including grid generation and boundary conditions, as well as comparisons of the various computational schemes to experiment. The results of this study will show the limitations and benefits of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) for determination of radial load, direction, and aerodynamic stage performance.

Flathers, M.B.; Bache, G.E.

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

A genetic fuzzy radial basis function neural network for structural health monitoring of composite laminated beams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a new neural network learning procedure, called genetic fuzzy hybrid learning algorithm (GFHLA) is proposed for training the radial basis function neural network (RBFNN). The method combines the genetic algorithm and fuzzy logic to optimize ... Keywords: Fuzzy logic, Genetic algorithm, RBF neural network, Structural health monitoring

Shi-jie Zheng; Zheng-qiang Li; Hong-tao Wang

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Effect of radial power distribution on MITR-II fuel element and control blade worth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This summary has been prepared to document and discuss several effects on fuel element and control blade reactivity worths that occur due to changes in the radial power distribution of the 5-MW(t) Massachusetts Institute of Technology Research Reactor (MITR-II). These results were obtained from reactor physics measurements and core power distribution calculations made during the past decade.

Bernard, J.A.; Kwok, K.S.; Lanning, D.D.; Clark, L.L. Jr.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Modeling of Sludge Compost Maturity Degree Based on Radial Basic Function Network for Sewage Treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of the complicated interaction of the sludge compost components, it makes the compost maturity degree judging system appear the non-linearity and uncertainty. According to the physical circumstances of sludge compost, a compost maturity degree ... Keywords: Compost, Maturity degree, Radial basic function network, Modeling

Jingwen Tian; Meijuan Gao; Yanxia Liu; Shiru Zhou; Fan Zhang

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Modelling of mixing in bioreactors with mobile beds of immobilized biocatalysts for six radial impellers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influences of the main factors on mixing efficiency and distribution for a bioreactor with stirred/mobile bed of immobilized S. cerevisiae cells in alginate (biocatalyst particles with 4, 4.6 and 5.2 mm diameters) have been comparatively analyzed ... Keywords: bioreactor, disperser sawtooth, immobilized cells, mixing time, pumper mixer, radial impeller, rushton turbine, smith turbine, stirred bed, yeasts

Marius Turnea; Anca Lup??teanu; Anca-Irina Galaction; Dan Ca?caval

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

CNT-based gas ionizers with integrated MEMS gate for portable mass spectrometry applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the fabrication and experimental characterization of a novel low-cost carbon nanotube (CNT)-based electron impact ionizer (EII) with integrated gate for portable mass spectrometry applications. The device achieves ...

Velasquez-Garcia, Luis Fernando

285

Diagnosis of Convective and Mesoscale Motions During Phase IH of Gate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observational evidence from GATE suggests that a significant fraction of precipitation in tropical disturbances over the eastern Atlantic occurs beneath anvil-type mesoscale convective systems that are frequently associated with intense ...

Richard H. Johnson

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

VIDEO: Bill Gates and Secretary Chu Chat on the Future of Energy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VIDEO: Bill Gates and Secretary Chu Chat on the Future of Energy VIDEO: Bill Gates and Secretary Chu Chat on the Future of Energy VIDEO: Bill Gates and Secretary Chu Chat on the Future of Energy March 5, 2012 - 1:24pm Addthis Secretary Chu sits down with Microsoft Founder and Chairman Bill Gates at the 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Last week, attendees at the 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit heard from a variety of leaders from across the research, business and government sectors who spoke at the conference of nearly 2,400. These speakers, along with the startup companies and innovators in attendance, converged outside of Washington, D.C., to offer their take on how America can tackle our energy challenges. One of the top-level highlights from the Summit included this fireside chat

287

The Moist Available Energy of a Conditionally Unstable Atmosphere. Part II: Further Analysis of GATE Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The generalized convective available potential energy (GCAPE) observed during GATE has been analyzed using the Lagrangian algorithm of Lorenz, as modified by Randall and Wang. The effects of ice are included and are discussed in an Appendix. A ...

Junyi Wang; David A. Randall

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Low-power flip-flop using internal clock gating and adaptive body bias.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation presents a new systematic approach to flip-flop design using Internal Clock Gating, (ICG), and Adaptive Body-Bias, (ABB), in order to reduce power consumption. (more)

Galvis, Jorge Alberto

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

An Analysis of Convective System on a 100-km Scale during GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Usig data on a 100 km-scale from Phase III of GATE, the kinematic and thermodynamic, properties of the mesoscale environment in which convective clouds of varying intensities exist are investigated. Classifications into disturbed and suppressed ...

R. P. Pearce; J. Bayo Omotosho

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

A Compact Propagation Delay Model for Deep-Submicron CMOS Gates including Crosstalk  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a compact, fully physical, analytical model for the propagation delay and the output transition time of deep-submicron CMOS gates. The model accounts for crosstalk effects, short-circuit currents, the input-output coupling capacitance and ...

J. L. Rossell; J. Segura

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Mesoscale Motion Fields Associated with a Slowly Moving GATE Convective Band  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure of the convective band of 14 September in the dense GATE observing array is determined using wind and thermodynamic data primarily from multiple aircraft penetrations, which are well distributed in the vertical and in time.

Edward J. Zipser; Rebecca J. Meitn; Margaret A. LeMone

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Explicit Simulation of Cumulus Ensembles with the GATE Phase III Data: Comparison with Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The macroscopic behavior of cumulus convection and its mesoscale organization during Phase III of the Global Atmospheric Research Program's (GARP) Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) is simulated with a two-dimensional (2D) cloud ensemble model. ...

Kuan-Man Xu; David A. Randall

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Single electron effects and structural effects in ultrascaled silicon nanocrystal floating-gate memories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a nanometer-sized floating-gate memory device, fabricated on silicon-on-insulator substrate and using silicon nanocrystals as storage nodes. Single electron charging and discharging phenomena occurring at room temperature will ...

G. Molas; B. De Salvo; G. Ghibaudo; D. Mariolle; A. Toffoli; N. Buffet; R. Puglisi; S. Lombardo; S. Deleonibus

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Lessons learned in the design and erection of box girder bridges from the West Gate collapse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The West Gate Bridge, intended to span the Yarra River in Australia, collapsed during its third year of construction in 1970. Investigation into the project revealed numerous issues in the bridge's design and construction. ...

Burton, Alia Christine

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Electrical gating effects on the magnetic properties of (Ga,Mn)As diluted magnetic semiconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Future Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 7.2.1 Voltage-pulse magnetization switching . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 7.2.2 Electrolyte-gating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 A Fabrication steps 122 A.1 Processes...

Owen, Man Hon Samuel

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

296

Determination of Mean Cumulus Cloud vorticity from GATE A/B-Scale Potential Vorticity Budget  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of cumulus clouds on the large-scale potential vorticity field are investigated using GATE data. Clouds are found to modify the mean potential vorticity field not only through vertical mixing but also through the generation of ...

Lawrence Cheng; Tsoi-Ching Yip; Han-Ru Cho

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Further Analysis of the Composite Wind and Thermodynamic Structure of the 12 September GATE Squall Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An objective analysis technique is applied to the time-composite wind and thermodynamic fields of the 12 September GATE tropical squall line. Previous subjective analyses described by Gamache and Houze are confirmed and several new results are ...

John F. Gamache; Robert A. Houze Jr.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Lifetime of high-k gate dielectrics and analogy with strength of quasibrittle structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The two-parameter Weibull distribution has been widely adopted to model the lifetime statistics of dielectric breakdown under constant voltage, but recent lifetime testing for high-k gate dielectrics has revealed a systematic ...

Le, Jia-Liang

299

All-optical logic gates based on vertical cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND FIGURES Tables: Table 2.2.1: Truth Table for NOR-Gate SR13 Table 2.5.1: Truth Table for VCSOA SR Flip-Truth Table ..

Gauss, Veronica Andrea

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

P1-15: Gating System Optimisation Design Study of a Cast ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Different designs of the gating and risering systems for the cast automobile ... P1- 04: 3D Microstructural Characterization of Uranium Oxide as a Surrogate Nuclear ... P2-27: Characterization of Carbonate Rocks through X-ray Microtomography.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Multimodal Properties of the Surface-Wave Field Observed with Pitch-Roll Buoys During GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A sophisticated analysis technique is applied to a subset of pitch-roll buoy data collected by the research vessels Gilliss and Quadra during the GARP Tropical Atlantic Experiment (GATE) in September 1974. The procedure enables the examination of ...

Linda Marie Lawson; Robert Bryan Long

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

A Systematic Search for Trapped Equatorial Waves in the GATE Velocity Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moored current meter data taken over a 60-day period during GATE (GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment) near the equator at 28W, have been systematically searched for vertically propagating equatorially trapped waves. Three independent tests ...

A. M. Horigan; R. H. Weisberg

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

The robustness of magic state distillation against errors in Clifford gates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum error correction and fault-tolerance have provided the possibility for large scale quantum computations without a detrimental loss of quantum information. A very natural class of gates for fault-tolerant quantum computation is the Clifford gate set and as such their usefulness for universal quantum computation is of great interest. Clifford group gates augmented by magic state preparation give the possibility of simulating universal quantum computation. However, experimentally one cannot expect to perfectly prepare magic states. Nonetheless, it has been shown that by repeatedly applying operations from the Clifford group and measurements in the Pauli basis, the fidelity of noisy prepared magic states can be increased arbitrarily close to a pure magic state [1]. We investigate the robustness of magic state distillation to perturbations of the initial states to arbitrary locations in the Bloch sphere due to noise. Additionally, we consider a depolarizing noise model on the quantum gates in the decoding ...

Jochym-O'Connor, Tomas; Helou, Bassam; Laflamme, Raymond

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Association of State Dam Safety Officials (ASDSO)/EPRI Spillway Gate Workshop: January 5 & 6, 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Maintaining the integrity of dams at hydroelectric projects is essential to the protection of communities, the surrounding environment, and the power and resource management infrastructure. The Spillway Gate Workshop, sponsored by the Association of State Dam Safety Officials (ASDSO) and EPRI, and with funding from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), focused on a critical aspect of the safety issues related to analysis, inspection, maintenance, and performance of spillway gates. The intent of...

2000-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

305

Carrier transport mechanism in La-incorporated high-k dielectric/metal gate stack MOSFETs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, carrier transport mechanism of MOSFETs with HfLaSiON was analyzed. It was shown that gate current is consisted of Schottky emission, Frenkel-Poole (F-P) emission and Fowler-Nordheim (F-N) tunneling components. Schottky barrier height is ... Keywords: Fowler-Nordheim (F-N) tunneling, Frenkel-Poole (F-P) emission, Gate current, HfLaSiON, High-k, Schottky emission, Trap energy level, Trap-assisted tunneling (TAT)

Hyuk-Min Kwon; Won-Ho Choi; In-Shik Han; Min-Ki Na; Sang-Uk Park; Jung-Deuk Bok; Chang-Yong Kang; Byoung-Hun Lee; Raj Jammy; Hi-Deok Lee

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Technical Feasibility Assessment of LED Roadway Lighting on the Golden Gate Bridge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsequent to preliminary investigations by the Golden Gate Bridge Highway & Transportation District (GGB), in coordination with Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E), the GATEWAY Demonstration program was asked to evaluate the technical feasibility of replacing existing roadway lighting on the bridge with products utilizing LED technology. GGB and PG&E also indicated interest in induction (i.e., electrodeless fluorescent) technology, since both light source types feature rated lifetimes significantly exceeding those of the existing high-pressure sodium (HPS) and low-pressure sodium (LPS) products. The goal of the study was to identify any solutions which would reduce energy use and maintenance without compromising the quantity or quality of existing illumination. Products used for roadway lighting on the historic bridge must be installed within the existing amber-lensed shoebox-style luminaire housings. It was determined that induction technology does not appear to represent a viable alternative for the roadway luminaires in this application; any energy savings would be attributable to a reduction in light levels. Although no suitable LED retrofit kits were identified for installation within existing luminaire housings, several complete LED luminaires were found to offer energy savings of 6-18%, suggesting custom LED retrofit kits could be developed to match or exceed the performance of the existing shoeboxes. Luminaires utilizing ceramic metal halide (CMH) were also evaluated, and some were found to offer 28% energy savings, but these products might actually increase maintenance due to the shorter rated lamp life. Plasma technology was evaluated, as well, but no suitable products were identified. Analysis provided in this report was completed in May 2012. Although LED technologies are expected to become increasingly viable over time, and product mock-ups may reveal near-term solutions, some options not currently considered by GGB may ultimately merit evaluation. For example, it would be preferable in terms of performance to simply replace existing luminaires (some of which may already be nearing end of life) with fully-integrated LED or CMH luminaires rather than replacing internal components. Among other benefits, this would allow reputable manufacturers to offer standard warranties for their products. Similarly, the amber lenses might be reformulated such that they do not render white light sources in a greenish cast, thereby allowing the use of off-the-shelf LED or CMH products. Last, it should be noted that the existing amber-lensed shoeboxes bear no daytime resemblance to the LPS luminaires originally used to light the roadway.

Tuenge, Jason R.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

GATE Center of Excellence at UAB in Lightweight Materials for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the accomplishments of the UAB GATE Center of Excellence in Lightweight Materials for Automotive Applications. The first Phase of the UAB DOE GATE center spanned the period 2005-2011. The UAB GATE goals coordinated with the overall goals of DOE's FreedomCAR and Vehicles Technologies initiative and DOE GATE program. The FCVT goals are: (1) Development and validation of advanced materials and manufacturing technologies to significantly reduce automotive vehicle body and chassis weight without compromising other attributes such as safety, performance, recyclability, and cost; (2) To provide a new generation of engineers and scientists with knowledge and skills in advanced automotive technologies. The UAB GATE focused on both the FCVT and GATE goals in the following manner: (1) Train and produce graduates in lightweight automotive materials technologies; (2) Structure the engineering curricula to produce specialists in the automotive area; (3) Leverage automotive related industry in the State of Alabama; (4) Expose minority students to advanced technologies early in their career; (5) Develop innovative virtual classroom capabilities tied to real manufacturing operations; and (6) Integrate synergistic, multi-departmental activities to produce new product and manufacturing technologies for more damage tolerant, cost-effective, and lighter automotive structures.

None

2011-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

308

Ca 2? permeation in cyclic nucleotide-gated channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels conduct Na ?, K ? and Ca2 ? currents under the control of cGMP and cAMP. Activation of CNG channels leads to depolarization of the membrane voltage and to a concomitant increase of the cytosolic Ca2 ? concentration. Several polypeptides were identified that constitute principal and modulatory subunits of CNG channels in both neurons and non-excitable cells, co-assembling to form a variety of heteromeric proteins with distinct biophysical properties. Since the contribution of each channel type to Ca2 ? signaling depends on its specific Ca2 ? conductance, it is necessary to analyze Ca2 ? permeation for each individual channel type. We have analyzed Ca2 ? permeation in all principal subunits of vertebrates and for a principal subunit from Drosophila melanogaster. We measured the fractional Ca2 ? current over the physiological range of Ca2 ? concentrations and found that Ca2 ? permeation is determined by subunit composition and modulated by membrane voltage and extracellular pH. Ca2 ? permeation is controlled by the Ca2?-binding affinity of the intrapore cation-binding site, which varies profoundly between members of the CNG channel family, and gives rise to a surprising diversity in the ability to generate Ca2 ? signals.

Claudia Dzeja; Volker Hagen; Stephan Frings

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Range-gated imaging for near-field target identification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The combination of two complementary technologies developed independently at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) has demonstrated feasibility of target detection and image capture in a highly light-scattering, medium. The technique uses a compact SNL developed Photoconductive Semiconductor Switch/Laser Diode Array (PCSS/LDA) for short-range (distances of 8 to 10 m) large Field-Of-View (FOV) target illumination. Generation of a time-correlated echo signal is accomplished using a photodiode. The return image signal is recorded with a high-speed shuttered Micro-Channel-Plate Image Intensifier (MCPII), declined by LANL and manufactured by Philips Photonics. The MCPII is rated using a high-frequency impedance-matching microstrip design to produce 150 to 200 ps duration optical exposures. The ultra first shuttering producer depth resolution of a few inches along the optic axis between the MCPII and the target, producing enhanced target images effectively deconvolved from noise components from the scattering medium in the FOV. The images from the MCPII are recorded with an RS-170 Charge-Coupled-Device camera and a Big Sky, Beam Code, PC-based digitizer frame grabber and analysis package. Laser pulse data were obtained by the but jitter problems and spectral mismatches between diode spectral emission wavelength and MCPII photocathode spectral sensitivity prevented the capture of fast gating imaging with this demonstration system. Continued development of the system is underway.

Yates, G.J.; Gallegos, R.A.; McDonald, T.E. [and others

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

New Way To Realize Pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Ever since then, civilization has used the toxic liquid metal to measure pressure. ... The pressure and temperature of a gas are directly related to its ...

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

311

Unsteady Flow Visualization at Part-Load Conditions of a Radial Diffuser Pump: by PIV and CFD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present study provides flow visualization on complex internal flows in a radial diffuser pump under part-load conditions by using the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes code CFX-10 with Detached Eddy Simulation (DES) turbulence model. Particle Image ... Keywords: CFD, Flow separation, Flow visualization, PIV, Radial pump

J. Feng; F.-K. Benra; H. J. Dohmen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Adjoint-Method Retrievals of Low-Altitude Wind Fields from Single-Doppler Reflectivity and Radial-Wind Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The simple adjoint (SA) method is extended to use both the reflectivity equation and the radial-wind equation to retrieve the low-altitude horizontal wind field from single-Doppler reflectivity and radial-wind data. Three extended methods are ...

Qin Xu; Chong-Jian Qiu

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Passive blast pressure sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive blast pressure sensor for detecting blast overpressures of at least a predetermined minimum threshold pressure. The blast pressure sensor includes a piston-cylinder arrangement with one end of the piston having a detection surface exposed to a blast event monitored medium through one end of the cylinder and the other end of the piston having a striker surface positioned to impact a contact stress sensitive film that is positioned against a strike surface of a rigid body, such as a backing plate. The contact stress sensitive film is of a type which changes color in response to at least a predetermined minimum contact stress which is defined as a product of the predetermined minimum threshold pressure and an amplification factor of the piston. In this manner, a color change in the film arising from impact of the piston accelerated by a blast event provides visual indication that a blast overpressure encountered from the blast event was not less than the predetermined minimum threshold pressure.

King, Michael J.; Sanchez, Roberto J.; Moss, William C.

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

314

PRESSURE SENSING DEVICE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This device is primarily useful as a switch which is selectively operable to actuate in response to either absolute or differential predetermined pressures. The device generally comprises a pressure-tight housing divided by a movable impermeable diaphragm into two chambers, a reference pressure chamber and a bulb chamber containing the switching means and otherwise filled with an incompressible non-conducting fluid. The switch means comprises a normally collapsed bulb having an electrically conductive outer surface and a vent tube leading to the housing exterior. The normally collapsed bulb is disposed such that upon its inflation, respensive to air inflow from the vent, two contacts fixed within the bulb chamber are adapted to be electrically shorted by the conducting outer surface of the bulb.

Pope, K.E.

1959-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

315

Pressure suppression containment system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressure suppression containment system includes a containment vessel surrounding a reactor pressure vessel and defining a drywell therein containing a non-condensable gas. An enclosed wetwell pool is disposed inside the containment vessel, and a gravity driven cooling system (GDCS) pool is disposed above the wetwell pool in the containment vessel. The wetwell pool includes a plenum for receiving the non-condensable gas carried with steam from the drywell following a loss-of coolant-accident (LOCA). The wetwell plenum is vented to a plenum above the GDCS pool following the LOCA for suppressing pressure rise within the containment vessel. A method of operation includes channeling steam released into the drywell following the LOCA into the wetwell pool for cooling along with the non-condensable gas carried therewith. The GDCS pool is then drained by gravity, and the wetwell plenum is vented into the GDCS plenum for channeling the non-condensable gas thereto.

Gluntz, Douglas M. (San Jose, CA); Townsend, Harold E. (San Jose, CA)

1994-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

316

Pressure suppression containment system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressure suppression containment system includes a containment vessel surrounding a reactor pressure vessel and defining a drywell therein containing a non-condensable gas. An enclosed wetwell pool is disposed inside the containment vessel, and a gravity driven cooling system (GDCS) pool is disposed above the wetwell pool in the containment vessel. The wetwell pool includes a plenum for receiving the non-condensable gas carried with steam from the drywell following a loss-of-coolant-accident (LOCA). The wetwell plenum is vented to a plenum above the GDCS pool following the LOCA for suppressing pressure rise within the containment vessel. A method of operation includes channeling steam released into the drywell following the LOCA into the wetwell pool for cooling along with the non-condensable gas carried therewith. The GDCS pool is then drained by gravity, and the wetwell plenum is vented into the GDCS plenum for channeling the non-condensable gas thereto. 6 figures.

Gluntz, D.M.; Townsend, H.E.

1994-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Einstein's Gravity Under Pressure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mysterious `dark energy' needed to explain the current observations, poses a serious confrontation between fundamental physics and cosmology. The present crisis may be an outcome of the (so far untested) prediction of the general theory of relativity that the pressure of the matter source also gravitates. In this view, a theoretical analysis reveals some surprising inconsistencies and paradoxes faced by the energy-stress tensor (in the presence of pressure) which is used to model the matter content of the universe, including dark energy.

Ram Gopal Vishwakarma

2007-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

318

Wellbore pressure transducer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Subterranean earth formations containing energy values are subjected to hydraulic fracturing procedures to enhance the recovery of the energy values. These fractures are induced in the earth formation by pumping liquid into the wellbore penetrating the earth formation until the pressure of the liquid is sufficient to fracture the earth formation adjacent to the wellbore. The present invention is directed to a transducer which is positionable within the wellbore to generate a signal indicative of the fracture initiation useful for providing a timing signal to equipment for seismic mapping of the fracture as it occurs and for providing a measurement of the pressure at which the fracture is initiated.

Shuck, Lowell Z. (Morgantown, WV)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Molecular Characterization of Radial Spoke Subcomplex Containing Radial Spoke Protein 3 and Heat Shock Protein 40 in Sperm Flagella of the Ascidian Ciona intestinalis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Members of the heat-shock protein (HSP)40 regulate the protein folding activity of HSP70 proteins and help the functional specialization of this molecular chaperone system in various types of cellular events. We have recently identified Hsp40 as a component of flagellar axoneme in the ascidian Ciona intestinalis, suggesting a correlation between Hsp40 related chaperone system and flagellar function. In this study, we have found that Ciona 37-kDa Hsp40 is extracted from KCl-treated axonemes with 0.5 M KI solution and comigrates with radial spoke protein (RSP)3 along with several proteins as a complex through gel filtration and ion exchange columns. Peptide mass fingerprinting with matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization/time of flight/mass spectrometry revealed that other proteins in the complex include a homolog of sea urchin spokehead protein (homolog of RSP4/6), a membrane occupation and recognition nexus repeat protein with sequence similarity with meichroacidin, and a functionally unknown 33-kDa protein. A spoke head protein, LRR37, is not included in the complex, suggesting that the complex constructs the stalk of radial spoke. Immunoelectron microscopy indicates that Hsp40 is localized in the distal portion of spoke stalk, possibly at the junction between spoke head and the stalk.

Yuhkoh Satouh; Potturi Padma; Toshifusa Toda; Nori Satoh; Hiroyuki Ide; Kazuo Inaba

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Hybrid Electric Power Train and Control Strategies Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) offer societal benefits through their ability to displace the use of petroleum fuels. Petroleum fuels represent a polluting and politically destabilizing energy carrier. PHEV technologies can move transportation away from petroleum fuel sources by enabling domestically generated electricity and liquids bio-fuels to serve as a carrier for transportation energy. Additionally, the All-Electric-Range (AER) offered by PHEVs can significantly reduce demand for expensive and polluting liquid fuels. The GATE funding received during the 1998 through 2004 funding cycle by the UC Davis Hybrid Electric Vehicle Center (HEVC) was used to advance and train researchers in PHEV technologies. GATE funding was used to construct a rigorous PHEV curriculum, provide financial support for HEVC researchers, and provide material support for research efforts. A rigorous curriculum was developed through the UC Davis Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering Department to train HEVC researchers. Students' research benefited from this course work by advancing the graduate student researchers' understanding of key PHEV design considerations. GATE support assisted HEVC researchers in authoring technical articles and producing patents. By supporting HEVC researchers multiple Master's theses were written as well as journal articles and publications. The topics from these publications include Continuously Variable Transmission control strategies and PHEV cross platform controls software development. The GATE funding has been well used to advance PHEV systems. The UC Davis Hybrid Electric Vehicle Center is greatly appreciative for the opportunities GATE funding provided. The goals and objectives for the HEVC GATE funding were to nourish engineering research in PHEV technologies. The funding supplied equipment needed to allow researchers to investigate PHEV design sensitivities and to further optimize system components. Over a dozen PHEV researchers benefited from the GATE funding and produced journal articles and intellectual property as a result. The remainder of this document outlines the productivity resulting from GATE funds. The topics include the following: GATE Hybrid Vehicle Systems Related Courses; Students Supported; Publications; and Patents. A discussion regarding the HEVC accomplishments with respect to the GATE funding goals is provided in the conclusion.

Andrew Frank

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

SALTSTONE OSMOTIC PRESSURE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent research into the moisture retention properties of saltstone suggest that osmotic pressure may play a potentially significant role in contaminant transport (Dixon et al., 2009 and Dixon, 2011). The Savannah River Remediation Closure and Disposal Assessments Group requested the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to conduct a literature search on osmotic potential as it relates to contaminant transport and to develop a conceptual model of saltstone that incorporates osmotic potential. This report presents the findings of the literature review and presents a conceptual model for saltstone that incorporates osmotic potential. The task was requested through Task Technical Request HLW-SSF-TTR- 2013-0004. Simulated saltstone typically has very low permeability (Dixon et al. 2008) and pore water that contains a large concentration of dissolved salts (Flach and Smith 2013). Pore water in simulated saltstone has a high salt concentration relative to pore water in concrete and groundwater. This contrast in salt concentration can generate high osmotic pressures if simulated saltstone has the properties of a semipermeable membrane. Estimates of osmotic pressure using results from the analysis of pore water collected from simulated saltstone show that an osmotic pressure up to 2790 psig could be generated within the saltstone. Most semi-permeable materials are non-ideal and have an osmotic efficiency <1 and as a result actual osmotic pressures are less than theoretical pressures. Observations from laboratory tests of simulated saltstone indicate that it may exhibit the behavior of a semi-permeable membrane. After several weeks of back pressure saturation in a flexible wall permeameter (FWP) the membrane containing a simulated saltstone sample appeared to have bubbles underneath it. Upon removal from the FWP the specimen was examined and it was determined that the bubbles were due to liquid that had accumulated between the membrane and the sample. One possible explanation for the accumulation of solution between the membrane and sample is the development of osmotic pressure within the sample. Osmotic pressure will affect fluid flow and contaminant transport and may result in the changes to the internal structure of the semi-permeable material. B?nard et al. 2008 reported swelling of wet cured Portland cement mortars containing salts of NaNO{sub 3}, KNO{sub 3}, Na{sub 3}PO{sub 4}x12H{sub 2}O, and K{sub 3}PO{sub 4} when exposed to a dilute solution. Typically hydraulic head is considered the only driving force for groundwater in groundwater models. If a low permeability material containing a concentrated salt solution is present in the hydrogeologic sequence large osmotic pressures may develop and lead to misinterpretation of groundwater flow and solute transport. The osmotic pressure in the semi-permeable material can significantly impact groundwater flow in the vicinity of the semi-permeable material. One possible outcome is that groundwater will flow into the semi-permeable material resulting in hydrologic containment within the membrane. Additionally, hyperfiltration can occur within semi-permeable materials when water moves through a membrane into the more concentrated solution and dissolved constituents are retained in the lower concentration solution. Groundwater flow and transport equations that incorporate chemical gradients (osmosis) have been developed. These equations are referred to as coupled flow equations. Currently groundwater modeling to assess the performance of saltstone waste forms is conducted using the PORFLOW groundwater flow and transport model. PORFLOW does not include coupled flow from chemico-osmotic gradients and therefore numerical simulation of the effect of coupled flow on contaminant transport in and around saltstone cannot be assessed. Most natural semi-permeable membranes are non-ideal membranes and do not restrict all movement of solutes and as a result theoretical osmotic potential is not realized. Osmotic efficiency is a parameter in the coupled flow equation that accounts for the

Nichols, R.

2013-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

322

SALTSTONE OSMOTIC PRESSURE  

SciTech Connect

Recent research into the moisture retention properties of saltstone suggest that osmotic pressure may play a potentially significant role in contaminant transport (Dixon et al., 2009 and Dixon, 2011). The Savannah River Remediation Closure and Disposal Assessments Group requested the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to conduct a literature search on osmotic potential as it relates to contaminant transport and to develop a conceptual model of saltstone that incorporates osmotic potential. This report presents the findings of the literature review and presents a conceptual model for saltstone that incorporates osmotic potential. The task was requested through Task Technical Request HLW-SSF-TTR- 2013-0004. Simulated saltstone typically has very low permeability (Dixon et al. 2008) and pore water that contains a large concentration of dissolved salts (Flach and Smith 2013). Pore water in simulated saltstone has a high salt concentration relative to pore water in concrete and groundwater. This contrast in salt concentration can generate high osmotic pressures if simulated saltstone has the properties of a semipermeable membrane. Estimates of osmotic pressure using results from the analysis of pore water collected from simulated saltstone show that an osmotic pressure up to 2790 psig could be generated within the saltstone. Most semi-permeable materials are non-ideal and have an osmotic efficiency <1 and as a result actual osmotic pressures are less than theoretical pressures. Observations from laboratory tests of simulated saltstone indicate that it may exhibit the behavior of a semi-permeable membrane. After several weeks of back pressure saturation in a flexible wall permeameter (FWP) the membrane containing a simulated saltstone sample appeared to have bubbles underneath it. Upon removal from the FWP the specimen was examined and it was determined that the bubbles were due to liquid that had accumulated between the membrane and the sample. One possible explanation for the accumulation of solution between the membrane and sample is the development of osmotic pressure within the sample. Osmotic pressure will affect fluid flow and contaminant transport and may result in the changes to the internal structure of the semi-permeable material. B?nard et al. 2008 reported swelling of wet cured Portland cement mortars containing salts of NaNO{sub 3}, KNO{sub 3}, Na{sub 3}PO{sub 4}x12H{sub 2}O, and K{sub 3}PO{sub 4} when exposed to a dilute solution. Typically hydraulic head is considered the only driving force for groundwater in groundwater models. If a low permeability material containing a concentrated salt solution is present in the hydrogeologic sequence large osmotic pressures may develop and lead to misinterpretation of groundwater flow and solute transport. The osmotic pressure in the semi-permeable material can significantly impact groundwater flow in the vicinity of the semi-permeable material. One possible outcome is that groundwater will flow into the semi-permeable material resulting in hydrologic containment within the membrane. Additionally, hyperfiltration can occur within semi-permeable materials when water moves through a membrane into the more concentrated solution and dissolved constituents are retained in the lower concentration solution. Groundwater flow and transport equations that incorporate chemical gradients (osmosis) have been developed. These equations are referred to as coupled flow equations. Currently groundwater modeling to assess the performance of saltstone waste forms is conducted using the PORFLOW groundwater flow and transport model. PORFLOW does not include coupled flow from chemico-osmotic gradients and therefore numerical simulation of the effect of coupled flow on contaminant transport in and around saltstone cannot be assessed. Most natural semi-permeable membranes are non-ideal membranes and do not restrict all movement of solutes and as a result theoretical osmotic potential is not realized. Osmotic efficiency is a parameter in the coupled flow equation that accounts for the

Nichols, R.

2013-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

323

GATE Air-Sea Interaction. I: Numerical Model Calculation of Local Sea-Surface Temperatures on Diurnal Time Scales Using the GATE Version III Gridded Global Data Set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The numerical model of air-sea interaction previously described in Jacobs (1978), Pandolfo and Jacobs (1972) and Pandolfo (1969) is inserted at one horizontal grid point in the GATE III Gridded Global Data Set to calculate a model-generated, ...

P. S. Brown Jr.; J. P. Pandolfo; S. J. Thoren

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Reactor pressure vessel nozzle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nozzle for joining a pool of water to a nuclear reactor pressure vessel includes a tubular body having a proximal end joinable to the pressure vessel and a distal end joinable in flow communication with the pool. The body includes a flow passage therethrough having in serial flow communication a first port at the distal end, a throat spaced axially from the first port, a conical channel extending axially from the throat, and a second port at the proximal end which is joinable in flow communication with the pressure vessel. The inner diameter of the flow passage decreases from the first port to the throat and then increases along the conical channel to the second port. In this way, the conical channel acts as a diverging channel or diffuser in the forward flow direction from the first port to the second port for recovering pressure due to the flow restriction provided by the throat. In the backflow direction from the second port to the first port, the conical channel is a converging channel and with the abrupt increase in flow area from the throat to the first port collectively increase resistance to flow therethrough. 2 figs.

Challberg, R.C.; Upton, H.A.

1994-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

325

Pressure swing adsorption process  

SciTech Connect

An adiabatic pressure swing adsorption process is described for the separation of gas mixtures by adsorbing at least one gas component in each of at least 8 phase staggered operated adsorbent beds, which can continue to be operated without any stoppage of installation even if one adsorbent bed is removed from operation due to a defective valve. 6 claims.

De Meyer, H.; Doclo, R.; Seynaeve, J.

1980-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

326

Transient, radial temperature distribution in a porous medium during fluid injection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Analytical and numerical solutions are presented for the transient, radial temperature distribution in a porous medium which is subjected to a constant-rate injection of an incompressible fluid from a wellbore. The formulation includes energy transfer by conduction and convection, and the Danckwerts boundary condition is applied at the finite-radius wellbore. At late times, the numerical solutions approach a self-similar form which can be described in terms of the incomplete Gamma function. In typical petroleum and geothermal applications, convergence to the asymptotic similarity solutions occurs on a time scale of roughly one hour. The results are generally applicable to a broad range of convection-diffusion phenomena which are best described in radial coordinates.

Dunn, J.C.; Nilson, R.H.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Application Of A Spherical-Radial Heat Transfer Model To Calculate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Application Of A Spherical-Radial Heat Transfer Model To Calculate Geothermal Gradients From Measurements In Deep Boreholes Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Application Of A Spherical-Radial Heat Transfer Model To Calculate Geothermal Gradients From Measurements In Deep Boreholes Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: This paper presents estimates of the undisturbed formation temperatures in a geothermal exploration well drilled in the Ceboruco area in the western part of the Mexican Volcanic Belt. The method used assumes

328

Pre-Equilibrium Radial Flow from Central Shock-Wave Collisions in AdS5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using gauge/gravity duality, central ultrarelativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions are modelled as collisions of shock waves in five-dimensional asymptotic AdS space. For early times after the collision, it is possible to analytically match the metric from the past to the future light-cone. This allows extraction of the pre-equilibrium energy-momentum tensor of the strongly coupled, large N gauge theory. For central collisions, this allows qualitative statements concerning the build-up of radial flow at mid-rapidity in AA and pA collisions. We find that the early-time radial flow buildup is identical to that expected from ideal hydrodynamics with an entropy density proportional to the square root of the product of the matter densities in the individual "nuclei".

Paul Romatschke; J. Drew Hogg

2013-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

329

Economics of Steam Pressure Reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics of Steam Pressure Reduction is a technical paper that addresses the operating and economic advantages associated with the program to lower the steam operating pressure. Evaluation of a testing program will be discussed. The paper will address the following. 1. Factors that determine the feasibility of reducing the plant steam operating pressure. 2. The operating advantages and disadvantages associated with the decreased steam pressure. 3. The economics of steam pressure reduction. Appropriate visual aids will be utilized as part of the discussion.

Sylva, D. M.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Effect of tensor interaction in the Dirac-attractive radial problem under pseudospin symmetry limit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We approximately investigated pseudospin symmetric solutions of the Dirac equation for attractive radial potential, including a Coulomb-like tensor interaction under pseudospin symmetry limit for any spin-orbit quantum number {kappa}. By using the parametric generalization of the Nikiforov-Uvarov method, the energy eigenvalues equation and the corresponding wave functions have been obtained in closed forms. Some numerical results are also given. We presented tensor interaction removes degeneracy between two states in pseudospin doublets.

Hamzavi, M. [Department of Basic Sciences, Shahrood Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Eshghi, M. [Department of Physics, Imam Hossein Comprehensive University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ikhdair, S. M. [Physics Department, Near East University, 922022 Nicosia, North Cyprus, Mersin 10 (Turkey)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

Radial Velocity Jitter in Stars from the California and Carnegie Planet Search at Keck Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present an empirical model for predicting a star's radial velocity jitter from its B-V color, activity level, and absolute magnitude. This model is based on observations of 450 well- observed stars from Keck Observatory for the California and Carnegie Planet Search Program. The model includes noise from both astrophysical sources and systematic errors, and describes jitter as generally increasing with a star's activity and height above the main sequence.

J. T. Wright

2005-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

332

Scanning transmission electron microscopy of gate stacks with HfO2 dielectrics and TiN electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scanning transmission electron microscopy of gate stacksEELS) in scanning transmission electron microscopy were usedWe use scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM)

Agustin, Melody P.; Fonseca, Leo R. C.; Hooker, Jacob C.; Stemmer, Susanne

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Using Radial Basis Functions to Approximate Battery Differential Capacity and Differential Voltage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the Department of Energys Applied Battery Research Program, lithium-ion cells of various sizes and chemistries are aged with periodic reference performance tests to ascertain degradation rates. The reference tests included a very slow discharge and charge based on a constant current equal to 1/25th of the rated capacity to elucidate the true electrochemical capacity of the cell. A differential analysis of these data helps to identify the individual kinetic and thermodynamic contributions of the anode and cathode. However, differential curves are very noisy, and previous smoothing methods included simple data reduction and moving averages. This paper introduces an alternative method of finding the differential voltage and differential capacity curves based on radial basis functions. The voltage profile is fit with a number of Gaussian curves, and the resulting model is differentiated. This approach also has the added advantage of assessing model uncertainty based on a bootstrap analysis. The radial basis function method was successfully applied to various lithium-ion chemistries tested under the Applied Battery Research Program. The resulting differential capacity and differential voltage curves were generally smoother than the corresponding curves found by previous methods and also showed little variance, indicating a good model fit. These results imply that the radial basis function technique is a more robust tool for assessing differential data.

Jon P. Christophersen; Steven R. Shaw

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

The Rossiter-McLaughlin effect and analytic radial velocity curves for transiting extrasolar planetary systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A transiting extrasolar planet sequentially blocks off the light coming from the different parts of the disk of the host star in a time dependent manner. Due to the spin of the star, this produces an asymmetric distortion in the line profiles of the stellar spectrum, leading to an apparent anomaly of the radial velocity curves, known as the Rossiter - McLaughlin effect. Here, we derive approximate but accurate analytic formulae for the anomaly of radial velocity curves taking account of the stellar limb darkening. The formulae are particularly useful in extracting information of the projected angle between the planetary orbit axis and the stellar spin axis, \\lambda, and the projected stellar spin velocity, V sin I_s. We create mock samples for the radial curves for the transiting extrasolar system HD209458, and demonstrate that constraints on the spin parameters (V sin I_s, \\lambda) may be significantly improved by combining our analytic template formulae and the precision velocity curves from high-resolution spectroscopic observations with 8-10 m class telescopes. Thus future observational exploration of transiting systems using the Rossiter - McLaughlin effect is one of the most important probes to better understanding of the origin of extrasolar planetary systems, especially the origin of their angular momentum.

Yasuhiro Ohta; Atsushi Taruya; Yasushi Suto

2004-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

335

AN AFFINE-INVARIANT SAMPLER FOR EXOPLANET FITTING AND DISCOVERY IN RADIAL VELOCITY DATA  

SciTech Connect

Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) proves to be powerful for Bayesian inference and in particular for exoplanet radial velocity fitting because MCMC provides more statistical information and makes better use of data than common approaches like chi-square fitting. However, the nonlinear density functions encountered in these problems can make MCMC time-consuming. In this paper, we apply an ensemble sampler respecting affine invariance to orbital parameter extraction from radial velocity data. This new sampler has only one free parameter, and does not require much tuning for good performance, which is important for automatization. The autocorrelation time of this sampler is approximately the same for all parameters and far smaller than Metropolis-Hastings, which means it requires many fewer function calls to produce the same number of independent samples. The affine-invariant sampler speeds up MCMC by hundreds of times compared with Metropolis-Hastings in the same computing situation. This novel sampler would be ideal for projects involving large data sets such as statistical investigations of planet distribution. The biggest obstacle to ensemble samplers is the existence of multiple local optima; we present a clustering technique to deal with local optima by clustering based on the likelihood of the walkers in the ensemble. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the sampler on real radial velocity data.

Hou Fengji; Hogg, David W. [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003 (United States); Goodman, Jonathan; Weare, Jonathan [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, 251 Mercer Street, New York, NY 10012 (United States); Schwab, Christian, E-mail: fh417@nyu.edu [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, 260 Whitney Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Demonstration of an all-optical quantum controlled-NOT gate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The promise of tremendous computational power, coupled with the development of robust error-correcting schemes, has fuelled extensive efforts to build a quantum computer. The requirements for realizing such a device are confounding: scalable quantum bits (two-level quantum systems, or qubits) that can be well isolated from the environment, but also initialized, measured and made to undergo controllable interactions to implement a universal set of quantum logic gates. The usual set consists of single qubit rotations and a controlled-NOT (CNOT) gate, which flips the state of a target qubit conditional on the control qubit being in the state 1. Here we report an unambiguous experimental demonstration and comprehensive characterization of quantum CNOT operation in an optical system. We produce all four entangled Bell states as a function of only the input qubits' logical values, for a single operating condition of the gate. The gate is probabilistic (the qubits are destroyed upon failure), but with the addition of linear optical quantum non-demolition measurements, it is equivalent to the CNOT gate required for scalable all-optical quantum computation.

J L O'Brien; G J Pryde; A G White; T C Ralph; D Branning

2004-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

337

Eye tracking and gating system for proton therapy of orbital tumors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: A new motion-based gated proton therapy for the treatment of orbital tumors using real-time eye-tracking system was designed and evaluated. Methods: We developed our system by image-pattern matching, using a normalized cross-correlation technique with LabVIEW 8.6 and Vision Assistant 8.6 (National Instruments, Austin, TX). To measure the pixel spacing of an image consistently, four different calibration modes such as the point-detection, the edge-detection, the line-measurement, and the manual measurement mode were suggested and used. After these methods were applied to proton therapy, gating was performed, and radiation dose distributions were evaluated. Results: Moving phantom verification measurements resulted in errors of less than 0.1 mm for given ranges of translation. Dosimetric evaluation of the beam-gating system versus nongated treatment delivery with a moving phantom shows that while there was only 0.83 mm growth in lateral penumbra for gated radiotherapy, there was 4.95 mm growth in lateral penumbra in case of nongated exposure. The analysis from clinical results suggests that the average of eye movements depends distinctively on each patient by showing 0.44 mm, 0.45 mm, and 0.86 mm for three patients, respectively. Conclusions: The developed automatic eye-tracking based beam-gating system enabled us to perform high-precision proton radiotherapy of orbital tumors.

Shin, Dongho; Yoo, Seung Hoon; Moon, Sung Ho; Yoon, Myonggeun; Lee, Se Byeong; Park, Sung Yong [Proton Therapy Center, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi 410-769 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiation Oncology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Gyeonggi 463-712 (Korea, Republic of); Proton Therapy Center, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi 410-769 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiological Science, Korea University, Seoul 136-703 (Korea, Republic of); Proton Therapy Center, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi 410-769 (Korea, Republic of); Proton Therapy Center, McLaren Cancer Institute, Flint, Michigan 48532 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

UC Davis Fuel Cell, Hydrogen, and Hybrid Vehicle (FCH2V) GATE Center of Excellence  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the UC Davis Fuel Cell, Hydrogen, and Hybrid Vehicle (FCH2V) GATE Center of Excellence which spanned from 2005-2012. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) established the Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program, to provide a new generation of engineers and scientists with knowledge and skills to create advanced automotive technologies. The UC Davis Fuel Cell, Hydrogen, and Hybrid Vehicle (FCH2V) GATE Center of Excellence established in 2005 is focused on research, education, industrial collaboration and outreach within automotive technology. UC Davis has had two independent GATE centers with separate well-defined objectives and research programs from 1998. The Fuel Cell Center, administered by ITS-Davis, has focused on fuel cell technology. The Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Design Center (HEV Center), administered by the Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, has focused on the development of plug-in hybrid technology using internal combustion engines. The merger of these two centers in 2005 has broadened the scope of research and lead to higher visibility of the activity. UC Davis??s existing GATE centers have become the campus??s research focal points on fuel cells and hybrid-electric vehicles, and the home for graduate students who are studying advanced automotive technologies. The centers have been highly successful in attracting, training, and placing top-notch students into fuel cell and hybrid programs in both industry and government.

Erickson, Paul

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

339

Pressure suppression system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressure suppression system includes a containment vessel surrounding a reactor pressure vessel and defining a drywell therein containing a non-condensable gas. An enclosed wetwell pool is disposed inside the containment vessel, and an enclosed gravity driven cooling system (GDCS) pool is disposed above the wetwell pool in the containment vessel. The GDCS pool includes a plenum for receiving through an inlet the non-condensable gas carried with steam from the drywell following a loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA). A condenser is disposed in the GDCS plenum for condensing the steam channeled therein and to trap the non-condensable gas therein. A method of operation includes draining the GDCS pool following the LOCA and channeling steam released into the drywell following the LOCA into the GDCS plenum for cooling along with the non-condensable gas carried therewith for trapping the gas therein.

Gluntz, Douglas M. (San Jose, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

High pressure furnace  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature high pressure furnace has a hybrid partially externally heated construction. A metallic vessel fabricated from an alloy having a composition of at least 45% nickel, 15% chrome, and 10% tungsten is utilized (the preferred alloy including 55% nickel, 22% chrome, 14% tungsten, 2% molybdenum, 3% iron (maximum) and 5% cobalt (maximum). The disclosed alloy is fabricated into 11/4 or 2 inch, 32 mm or 50 mm bar stock and has a length of about 22 inches, 56 cm. This bar stock has an aperture formed therein to define a closed high temperature, high pressure oxygen chamber. The opposite and closed end of the vessel is provided with a small blind aperture into which a thermocouple can be inserted. The closed end of the vessel is inserted into an oven, preferably heated by standard nickel chrome electrical elements and having a heavily insulated exterior.

Morris, Donald E. (Kensington, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

High pressure oxygen furnace  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature high pressure oxygen furnace having a hybrid partially externally heated construction is disclosed. A metallic bar fabricated from an alloy having a composition of at least 45% nickel, 15% chrome, and 10% tungsten is utilized, the preferred alloy including 55% nickel, 22% chrome, 14% tungsten, 2% molybdenum, 3% iron (maximum) and 5% cobalt (maximum). The disclosed alloy is fabricated into 11/4 inch bar stock and has a length of about 17 inches. This bar stock is gun drilled for over 16 inches of its length with 0.400 inch aperture to define a closed high temperature, high pressure oxygen chamber. The opposite and closed end of the bar is provided with a small support aperture into which both a support and a thermocouple can be inserted. The closed end of the gun drilled bar is inserted into an oven, preferably heated by standard nickel chrome electrical elements and having a heavily insulated exterior. 5 figs.

Morris, D.E.

1992-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

342

High pressure oxygen furnace  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature high pressure oxygen furnace having a hybrid partially externally heated construction is disclosed. A metallic bar fabricated from an alloy having a composition of at least 45% nickel, 15% chrome, and 10% tungsten is utilized (the preferred alloy including 55% nickel, 22% chrome, 14% tungsten, 2% molybdenum, 3% iron (maximum) and 5% cobalt (maximum). The disclosed alloy is fabricated into 11/4 inch bar stock and has a length of about 17 inches. This bar stock is gun drilled for over 16 inches of its length with 0.400 inch aperture to define a closed high temperature, high pressure oxygen chamber. The opposite and closed end of the bar is provided with a small support aperture into which both a support and a thermocouple can be inserted. The closed end of the gun drilled bar is inserted into an oven, preferably heated by standard nickel chrome electrical elements and having a heavily insulated exterior.

Morris, Donald E. (Kensington, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

High pressure furnace  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature high pressure furnace has a hybrid partially externally heated construction. A metallic vessel fabricated from an alloy having a composition of at least 45% nickel, 15% chrome, and 10% tungsten is utilized (the preferred alloy including 55% nickel, 22% chrome, 14% tungsten, 2% molybdenum, 3% iron (maximum) and 5% cobalt (maximum)). The disclosed alloy is fabricated into 11/4 or 2 inch, 32 mm or 50 mm bar stock and has a length of about 22 inches, 56 cm. This bar stock has an aperture formed therein to define a closed high temperature, high pressure oxygen chamber. The opposite and closed end of the vessel is provided with a small blind aperture into which a thermocouple can be inserted. The closed end of the vessel is inserted into an oven, preferably heated by standard nickel chrome electrical elements and having a heavily insulated exterior. 19 figures.

Morris, D.E.

1993-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

344

High pressure storage vessel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed herein is a composite pressure vessel with a liner having a polar boss and a blind boss a shell is formed around the liner via one or more filament wrappings continuously disposed around at least a substantial portion of the liner assembly combined the liner and filament wrapping have a support profile. To reduce susceptible to rupture a locally disposed filament fiber is added.

Liu, Qiang

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

345

pressure | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

pressure pressure Dataset Summary Description This raw data reflects readings from instruments mounted on or near a 82 meter meteorological tower located at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC), approximately 5 miles south of Boulder, CO (specifically: 39.9107 N, 105.2348 W, datum WGS84). The base elevation at the site is 1,855 meters AMSL. Source NREL Date Released Unknown Date Updated March 10th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords DOE humidity irrandiance NREL NWTC pressure temperature turbulence wind wind direction wind speed Data text/plain icon Raw data (8/24/2001 - 3/10/2011) (txt, 681 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon Field IDs for above .txt file (xls, 69.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Scientists and Technicians are notified real-time via email of instruments outside the above min/max or delta comparisons (http://www.nrel.gov/midc/nwtc_m2/) Data have not been reviewed for accuracy or completeness; disclaimer available (http://www.nrel.gov/disclaimer.html).

346

Method of sustaining a radial electric field and poloidal plasma rotation over most of the cross-section of a tokamak  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radial electric field of a desired magnitude and configuration is created hroughout a substantial portion of the cross-section of the plasma of a tokamak. The radial electric field is created by injection of a unidirectional electron beam. The magnitude and configuration of the radial electric field may be controlled by the strength of the toroidal magnetic field of the tokamak.

Darrow, Douglass S. (Plainsboro, NJ); Ono, Masayuki (Princeton Jct., NJ)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

In Situ High-Pressure X-ray Diffraction Study of H2O Ice VII  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ice VII was examined over the entire range of its pressure stability by a suite of x-ray diffraction techniques in order to understand a number of unexplained characteristics of its high-pressure behavior. Axial and radial polycrystalline (diamond anvil cell) x-ray diffraction measurements reveal a splitting of diffraction lines accompanied by changes in sample texture and elastic anisotropy. In situ laser heating of polycrystalline samples resulted in the sharpening of diffraction peaks due to release of nonhydrostatic stresses but did not remove the splitting. Radial diffraction measurements indicate changes in strength of the material at this pressure. Taken together, these observations provide evidence for a transition in ice VII near 14 GPa involving changes in the character of the proton order/disorder. The results are consistent with previous reports of changes in phase boundaries and equation of state at this pressure. The transition can be interpreted as ferroelastic with the appearance of spontaneous strain that vanishes at the hydrogen bond symmetrization transition near 60 GPa.

Somayazulu,M.; Shu, J.; Zha, C.; Goncharov, A.; Tschauner, O.; Mao, H.; Hemley, R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders February 28, 2012 - 7:02am Addthis Washington D.C. - This week, the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) is hosting its third annual Energy Innovation Summit, which is designed to unite key players from all sectors of America's energy innovation community to share ideas for how to lead the world in the development of next generation clean energy technologies, develop our nation's energy resources, and build an American economy that lasts. Tomorrow's full agenda with speakers is below. For specific press requests, please contact Keri Fulton at keri.fulton@hq.doe.gov.

349

ARPA-E Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred Smith and Lee Scott ARPA-E Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred Smith and Lee Scott September 9, 2011 - 9:25am Addthis New York, NY - The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) Director, Arun Majumdar, announced yesterday that the Agency will hold its third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit from February 27 - 29, 2012 at the Gaylord Convention Center just outside Washington, D.C. Bill Gates, founder and chairman of Microsoft; Fred Smith, chairman, president and CEO of FedEx; and Lee Scott, former CEO of Wal-Mart; will join Secretary Chu and Director Majumdar as distinguished keynote speakers. "After two successful Summits, I'm excited to once again bring some of

350

Optical imaging through turbid media with a degenerate four-wave mixing correlation time gate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical imaging through turbid media is demonstrated using a degenerate four-wave mixing correlation time gate. An apparatus and method for detecting ballistic and/or snake light while rejecting unwanted diffusive light for imaging structures within highly scattering media are described. Degenerate four-wave mixing (DFWM) of a doubled YAG laser in rhodamine 590 is used to provide an ultrafast correlation time gate to discriminate against light that has undergone multiple scattering and therefore has lost memory of the structures within the scattering medium. Images have been obtained of a test cross-hair pattern through highly turbid suspensions of whole milk in water that are opaque to the naked eye, which demonstrates the utility of DFWM for imaging through turbid media. Use of DFWM as an ultrafast time gate for the detection of ballistic and/or snake light in optical mammography is discussed.

Sappey, Andrew D. (Golden, CO)

1998-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

351

Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders February 28, 2012 - 7:02am Addthis Washington D.C. - This week, the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) is hosting its third annual Energy Innovation Summit, which is designed to unite key players from all sectors of America's energy innovation community to share ideas for how to lead the world in the development of next generation clean energy technologies, develop our nation's energy resources, and build an American economy that lasts. Tomorrow's full agenda with speakers is below. For specific press requests, please contact Keri Fulton at keri.fulton@hq.doe.gov.

352

Performance and reliability improvement of HfSiON gate dielectrics using chlorine plasma treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of chlorine plasma treatment on HfSiON gate dielectrics were investigated with respect to device performance and reliability characteristics. The chlorine plasma treatment was performed on atomic layer deposited HfSiON films to remove the residual carbon content. The optimal chlorine plasma treatment is shown to lower gate leakage current density without increasing equivalent oxide thickness of the gate stack. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy depth profiling showed that the carbon residue in HfSiON was reduced by the chlorine plasma treatment. It is demonstrated that an optimized chlorine plasma treatment improves the transistor I{sub on}-I{sub off} characteristics and reduces negative-bias temperature instability.

Park, Hong Bae; Ju, Byongsun [Samsung Electronics R and D Center (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Chang Yong; Park, Chanro; Park, Chang Seo [SEMATECH, Austin, Texas 78741 (United States); Lee, Byoung Hun [Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Tea Wan; Kim, Beom Seok; Choi, Rino [Inha University, 253 Yonghyun-dong, Nam-gu, Incheon 402-751 (Korea, Republic of)

2009-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

353

Dual Gate Thin Film Transistors Based on Indium Oxide Active Layers  

SciTech Connect

Polycrystalline Indium Oxide (In{sub 2}O{sub 3}) thin films were employed as an active channel layer for the fabrication of bottom and top gate thin film transistors. While conventional SiO{sub 2} served as a bottom gate dielectric, cross-linked poly-4-vinylphenol (PVP) was used a top gate dielectric. These nano-crystalline TFTs exhibited n-channel behavior with their transport behavior highly dependent on the thickness of the channel. The correlation between the thickness of the active layer and TFT parameters such as on/off ratio, field-effect mobility, threshold voltage were carried out. The optical spectra revealed a high transmittance in the entire visible region, thus making them promising candidates for the display technology.

Kekuda, Dhananjaya; Rao, K. Mohan; Tolpadi, Amita [Department of Physics, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal University, Manipal 576 104 (India); Chu, C. W. [Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Graphene Enabled Low-Control Quantum Gates between Static and Mobile Spins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the feature of Klein tunneling makes graphene a unique interface for implementing low control quantum gates between static and mobile qubits. A ballistic electron spin is considered as the mobile qubit, while the static qubit is the electronic spin of a quantum dot fixed in a graphene nanoribbon. Scattering is the low control mechanism of the gate, which, in other systems, is really difficult to exploit because of both back-scattering and the momentum dependence of scattering. We find that Klein tunneling enables the implementation of quasi-deterministic quantum gates regardless of the momenta or the shape of the wave function of the incident electron. The Dirac equation is used to describe the system in the one particle approximation with the interaction between the static and the mobile spins modelled by a Heisenberg Hamiltonian. Furthermore, we discuss an application of this model to generate entanglement between two well separated static qubits.

G. Cordourier-Maruri; Y. Omar; R. de Coss; S. Bose

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

355

High-fidelity CZ gate for resonator-based superconducting quantum computers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A possible building block for a scalable quantum computer has recently been demonstrated [M. Mariantoni et al., Science 334, 61 (2011)]. This architecture consists of superconducting qubits capacitively coupled both to individual memory resonators as well as a common bus. In this work we study a natural primitive entangling gate for this and related resonator-based architectures, which consists of a CZ operation between a qubit and the bus. The CZ gate is implemented with the aid of the non-computational qubit |2> state [F. W. Strauch et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 167005 (2003)]. Assuming phase or transmon qubits with 300 MHz anharmonicity, we show that by using only low frequency qubit-bias control it is possible to implement the qubit-bus CZ gate with 99.9% (99.99%) fidelity in about 17ns (23ns) with a realistic two-parameter pulse profile, plus two auxiliary z rotations. The fidelity measure we refer to here is a state-averaged intrinsic process fidelity, which does not include any effects of noise or decoherence. These results apply to a multi-qubit device that includes strongly coupled memory resonators. We investigate the performance of the qubit-bus CZ gate as a function of qubit anharmonicity, indentify the dominant intrinsic error mechanism and derive an associated fidelity estimator, quantify the pulse shape sensitivity and precision requirements, simulate qubit-qubit CZ gates that are mediated by the bus resonator, and also attempt a global optimization of system parameters including resonator frequencies and couplings. Our results are relevant for a wide range of superconducting hardware designs that incorporate resonators and suggest that it should be possible to demonstrate a 99.9% CZ gate with existing transmon qubits, which would constitute an important step towards the development of an error-corrected superconducting quantum computer.

Joydip Ghosh; Andrei Galiautdinov; Zhongyuan Zhou; Alexander N. Korotkov; John M. Martinis; Michael R. Geller

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

356

The robustness of magic state distillation against errors in Clifford gates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum error correction and fault-tolerance have provided the possibility for large scale quantum computations without a detrimental loss of quantum information. A very natural class of gates for fault-tolerant quantum computation is the Clifford gate set and as such their usefulness for universal quantum computation is of great interest. Clifford group gates augmented by magic state preparation give the possibility of simulating universal quantum computation. However, experimentally one cannot expect to perfectly prepare magic states. Nonetheless, it has been shown that by repeatedly applying operations from the Clifford group and measurements in the Pauli basis, the fidelity of noisy prepared magic states can be increased arbitrarily close to a pure magic state [1]. We investigate the robustness of magic state distillation to perturbations of the initial states to arbitrary locations in the Bloch sphere due to noise. Additionally, we consider a depolarizing noise model on the quantum gates in the decoding section of the distillation protocol and demonstrate its effect on the convergence rate and threshold value. Finally, we establish that faulty magic state distillation is more efficient than fault-tolerance-assisted magic state distillation at low error rates due to the large overhead in the number of quantum gates and qubits required in a fault-tolerance architecture. The ability to perform magic state distillation with noisy gates leads us to conclude that this could be a realistic scheme for future small-scale quantum computing devices as fault-tolerance need only be used in the final steps of the protocol.

Tomas Jochym-O'Connor; Yafei Yu; Bassam Helou; Raymond Laflamme

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

357

Radial Wind Super-Obs from the WSR-88D Radars in the NCEP Operational Assimilation System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spatial and temporal densities of Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) raw radar radial wind represent a rich source of high-resolution observations for initializing numerical weather prediction models. A characteristic of these ...

Jordan C. Alpert; V. Krishna Kumar

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Load Transfer Analysis in Short Carbon Fibers with Radially-Aligned Carbon Nanotubes Embedded in a Polymer Matrix  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel shortfiber composite in which the microscopic advanced fiber reinforcements are coated with radially aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is analyzed in this study. A shear-lag model is developed to analyze the load ...

Ray, M. C.

359

Integrin alpha 5 beta 1 is necessary for regulation of radial migration of cortical neurons during mouse brain development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During cerebral cortex development, post-mitotic neurons interact with radial glial fibers and the extracellular environment to migrate away from the ventricular region and form a correct laminar structure. Integrin receptors ...

Marchetti, Giovanni

360

Variational Analysis of Oversampled Dual-Doppler Radial Velocity Data and Application to the Analysis of Tornado Circulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the detection of severe weather phenomena such as tornados, mesocyclones, and strong wind shear, the azimuthal resolution of radial velocity measurements is more important. The typical azimuthal resolutions of 1 for the Weather Surveillance ...

Ming Xue; Shun Liu; Tian-You Yu

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Effect of recess pressure ratio on the characteristics of a hybrid bearing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid (Combination Hydrostatic and Hydrodynamic) bearings have shown good properties in testing and in consideration for applications such as the Space Shuttle Main Engine High Pressure Oxygen Turbopump. However, properties have not been examined for a variation in the design parameters of radial clearance, recess pressure ratio, and recess to land area ratio while holding the other parameters constant. This thesis presents the theoretical and experimental characteristics for an orificecompensated, annulus-fed hybrid water journal bearing for variation in recess pressure ratio. Recess pressure ratio Pr is defined as [ ] where Pr is the recess pressure, P, is the supply pressure, and Pa is the discharge pressure. Rowe (1983) showed that the bearing load capacity can be maximized by a Pr value of 0.58 at the concentric position for hydrostatic bearings. Experimental results showed the maximum load capacity to bear near 0.58 with slight variation as rotor speed and supply pressure are varied. Test results show that maximum stiffness occurs over a range of Pr from 0.4 to 0.7 with variation in operating speed and supply pressure. The direct damping increases as recess pressure ratio is decreased. Whirl frequency ratio and torque show little variation with recess pressure ratio. Predictions are made using HYDROBEARC developed by San Andres (1992). Accuracy of prediction is analyzed by comparison with experimental test results and found to be adequate, with decreasing accuracy as supply pressure and especially rotor speed are increased. Previous work found the accuracy of prediction by HYDROBEARC to increase as the rotor speed is increased.

Ingram, Michael William

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Hafnium-doped tantalum oxide high-k gate dielectric films for future CMOS technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel high-k gate dielectric material, i.e., hafnium-doped tantalum oxide (Hf-doped TaOx), has been studied for the application of the future generation metal-oxidesemiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET). The film's electrical, chemical, and structural properties were investigated experimentally. The incorporation of Hf into TaOx impacted the electrical properties. The doping process improved the effective dielectric constant, reduced the fixed charge density, and increased the dielectric strength. The leakage current density also decreased with the Hf doping concentration. MOS capacitors with sub-2.0 nm equivalent oxide thickness (EOT) have been achieved with the lightly Hf-doped TaOx. The low leakage currents and high dielectric constants of the doped films were explained by their compositions and bond structures. The Hf-doped TaOx film is a potential high-k gate dielectric for future MOS transistors. A 5 ?? tantalum nitride (TaNx) interface layer has been inserted between the Hf-doped TaOx films and the Si substrate to engineer the high-k/Si interface layer formation and properties. The electrical characterization result shows that the insertion of a 5 ?? TaNx between the doped TaOx films and the Si substrate decreased the film's leakage current density and improved the effective dielectric constant (keffective) value. The improvement of these dielectric properties can be attributed to the formation of the TaOxNy interfacial layer after high temperature O2 annealing. The main drawback of the TaNx interface layer is the high interface density of states and hysteresis, which needs to be decreased. Advanced metal nitride gate electrodes, e.g., tantalum nitride, molybdenum nitride, and tungsten nitride, were investigated as the gate electrodes for atomic layer deposition (ALD) HfO2 high-k dielectric material. Their physical and electrical properties were affected by the post metallization annealing (PMA) treatment conditions. Work functions of these three gate electrodes are suitable for NMOS applications after 800?°C PMA. Metal nitrides can be used as the gate electrode materials for the HfO2 high-k film. The novel high-k gate stack structures studied in this study are promising candidates to replace the traditional poly-Si-SiO2 gate stack structure for the future CMOS technology node.

Lu, Jiang

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Single-photon two-qubit SWAP gate for entanglement manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A SWAP operation between different types of qubits of single photons is essential for manipulating hyperentangled photons for a variety of applications. We have implemented an efficient SWAP gate for the momentum and polarization degrees of freedom of single photons. The SWAP gate was utilized in a single-photon two-qubit quantum logic circuit to deterministically transfer momentum entanglement between a pair of down-converted photons to polarization entanglement. The polarization entanglement thus obtained violates Bell's inequality by more than 150 standard deviations.

Marco Fiorentino; Taehyun Kim; Franco N. C. Wong

2004-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

364

Prediction of solubility of gases in polystyrene by Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System and Radial Basis Function Neural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) and Radial Basis Function Neural Network (RBF NN) have been developed for prediction of solubility of various gases in polystyrene. Solubility of butane, isobutene, carbon dioxide, 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane ... Keywords: ANFIS, ANN, ARD, Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS), BP, HCFC-142b, HFC-134a, HFC-l52a, MLP, PS, Polystyrene, RBF NN, Radial Basis Function Neural Network (RBF NN), S-L EOS, Solubility

Aboozar Khajeh; Hamid Modarress

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

A Radar Study of Convective Cells in Mesoscale Systems in GATE. Part II: Life Cycles of Convective Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is Part II of a two-part paper describing the vertical profile of radar reflectivity in GATE convective cells. Time-height radar life histories for 42 cells over three GATE days are examined, using data from the Quadra radar with 5-minute ...

Edward J. Szoke; Edward J. Zipser

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Crystal Structure of the Mammalian GIRK2 KplusChannel and Gating Regulation by G Proteins PIP2 and Sodium  

SciTech Connect

G protein-gated K{sup +} channels (Kir3.1--Kir3.4) control electrical excitability in many different cells. Among their functions relevant to human physiology and disease, they regulate the heart rate and govern a wide range of neuronal activities. Here, we present the first crystal structures of a G protein-gated K{sup +} channel. By comparing the wild-type structure to that of a constitutively active mutant, we identify a global conformational change through which G proteins could open a G loop gate in the cytoplasmic domain. The structures of both channels in the absence and presence of PIP{sub 2} suggest that G proteins open only the G loop gate in the absence of PIP{sub 2}, but in the presence of PIP{sub 2} the G loop gate and a second inner helix gate become coupled, so that both gates open. We also identify a strategically located Na{sup +} ion-binding site, which would allow intracellular Na{sup +} to modulate GIRK channel activity. These data provide a structural basis for understanding multiligand regulation of GIRK channel gating.

M Whorton; R MacKinnon

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

367

Recovery of negative bias temperature instability induced degradation of p-MOSFETs with SiON gate dielectric  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the recovery property of p-MOSFETs with an ultra-thin SiON gate dielectric which are degraded by negative bias temperature instability (NBTI). The experimental results indicate that the recovery of the NBTI degradation occurs ... Keywords: Gate dielectric, MOSFET, Negative bias temperature instability (NBTI), Reliability, Silicon oxynitride

Y. D. Kim; S. U. Han; H. S. Kang; B. K. Kang

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The progress and challenges of threshold voltage control of high-k/metal-gated devices for advanced technologies (Invited Paper)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses recent progress in and challenges of threshold voltage control for advanced high-k/metal-gated (HKMG) devices. It presents the impact on threshold voltage (V"t) control of incorporating La and Al into HKMG devices. A dipole moment ... Keywords: CMOS, Capping layer, EOT, High-k, Metal gate, Threshold voltage control

Hsing-Huang Tseng; Paul Kirsch; C. S. Park; Gennadi Bersuker; Prashant Majhi; Muhammad Hussain; Raj Jammy

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

A field programmable gate array unit for the diagnosis and control of neoclassical tearing modes on MAST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A field programmable gate array unit for the diagnosis and control of neoclassical tearing modes OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 83, 10E312 (2012) A field programmable gate array unit for the diagnosis and control, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom 2 EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre

370

Electrical and physical characteristics of HfLaON-gated metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors with various nitrogen concentration profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The comparative studies of electrical and physical characteristics of HfLaON-gated metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) capacitors with various nitrogen concentration profiles (NCPs) were investigated. Various NCPs in HfLaON gate dielectrics were adjusted ... Keywords: Charge trapping, Current-conduction, High-k dielectric, Metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS), Nitrogen concentration profiles (NCPs)

Chin-Lung Cheng; Jeng-Haur Horng; Hung-Yang Tsai

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Managed Pressure Drilling Candidate Selection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Managed Pressure Drilling now at the pinnacle of the 'Oil Well Drilling' evolution tree, has itself been coined in 2003. It is an umbrella term for a few new drilling techniques and some preexisting drilling techniques, all of them aiming to solve several drilling problems, including non-productive time and/or drilling flat time issues. These techniques, now sub-classifications of Managed Pressure Drilling, are referred to as 'Variations' and 'Methods' of Managed Pressure Drilling. Although using Managed Pressure Drilling for drilling wells has several benefits, not all wells that seem a potential candidate for Managed Pressure Drilling, need Managed Pressure Drilling. The drilling industry has numerous simulators and software models to perform drilling hydraulics calculations and simulations. Most of them are designed for conventional well hydraulics, while some can perform Underbalanced Drilling calculations, and a select few can perform Managed Pressure Drilling calculations. Most of the few available Managed Pressure Drilling models are modified Underbalanced Drilling versions that fit Managed Pressure Drilling needs. However, none of them focus on Managed Pressure Drilling and its candidate selection alone. An 'Managed Pressure Drilling Candidate Selection Model and software' that can act as a preliminary screen to determine the utility of Managed Pressure Drilling for potential candidate wells are developed as a part of this research dissertation. The model and a flow diagram identify the key steps in candidate selection. The software performs the basic hydraulic calculations and provides useful results in the form of tables, plots and graphs that would help in making better engineering decisions. An additional Managed Pressure Drilling worldwide wells database with basic information on a few Managed Pressure Drilling projects has also been compiled that can act as a basic guide on the Managed Pressure Drilling variation and project frequencies and aid in Managed Pressure Drilling candidate selection.

Nauduri, Anantha S.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Pressure Data Within BOP- ODS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This file describes the components within the BOP and the pressure readings taken during diagnostic operations on May 25.

373

Pressure Data Within BOP- XLS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This file describes the components within the BOP and the pressure readings taken during diagnostic operations on May 25.

374

Low pressure turbine installation  

SciTech Connect

Low-pressure turbine installation is described comprising a casing, at least two groups of turbine stages mounted in said casing, each turbine stage having blades so arranged that a flow of steam passes through the respective turbine stages in contraflow manner, partition means in said casing for separating the opposed final stages of said turbine stages from each other, and steam exhausting means opened in the side walls of said casing in a direction substantially perpendicular to the axis of said turbine, said steam exhausting means being connected to condensers.

Iizuka, N.; Hisano, K.; Ninomiya, S.; Otawara, Y.

1976-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

375

Open-ended Taiwan history and spirit-oriented cultural politics : a study of Cloud Gate's works in the postcolonial and global age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Novel and Literary History (1934-41). The BakhtinCorporealizing Taiwans History: Cloud Gates Portrait ofZhang 116-135. ---. Dance History and Cultural Politics: A

Wei, Ling-Chen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Fiber-optic pressure sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressure wave sensor utilizing fiber optic interferometry techniques to determine pressure in a bar. Light from a fiber optic coil around the bar is mixed with light from a reference optical fiber to produce interference fringes as a function of time. These fringes over time are related to the pressure versus time existing in the bar. 2 figs.

Dingus, R.S.

1989-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

377

High pressure testing of see-through labyrinth seals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detailed results are presented for teeth-on-stator labyrinth seals tested under high pressure of 70 bar-a (1015 psi-a) and 52 bar-a (754 psi-a) in the centered position. The seals were tested at pressure ratios of 0.52, 0.36 and 0.16, speeds of 10,200, 15,200 and 20,200 rpm and clearances of 0.1 and 0.2 mm. The effects of changes in radial clearance and pressure differential across the seal are studied for various inlet tangential velocities. The results confirm the existence of negative direct stiffness, positive cross-coupled stiffness as shown by Benckert and Wachter and low direct damping (when compared to hole-pattern seals). Experimental results are compared with predictions from the one-control-volume model (Childs and Scharrer) and two-control-volume model (Scharrer). Results show that both models under-predict the rotordynamic coefficients significantly. Leakage is also under predicted by both the codes. However, the effective damping and whirl frequency ratio (wfr) predicted by the one-control volume theory is comparable with the test results.

Picardo, Arthur Michael

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

A CAD tool for the power estimation of CMOS, BiCMOS and BiNMOS gates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes a CAD tool for the power estimation of CMOS, BiCMOS and BiNMOS gates. Using analytical models for the transient behavior of the gates, accurate estimates of the power dissipated by each type of gate during a typical transition are arrived at. The values thus obtained show a very good agreement with those obtained from HSPICE simulations. A detailed transient analysis is performed on the BiCMOS gate in particular and a expression for the current response is derived. This piecewise expression accurately models the current behavior of the BICMOS gate taking into account all important second-order effects. The current expression obtained enables a quick and accurate estimate of the power dissipation.

Islam, Kazi Inamul

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Radial transport of energetic ions in the presence of trapped electron mode turbulence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nature of transport of hot ions is studied in the presence of microturbulence generated by the trapped electron mode in a Tokamak using massively parallel, first principle based global nonlinear gyrokinetic simulation, and with the help of a passive tracer method. Passing and trapped hot ions are observed to exhibit inverse and inverse square scaling with energy, while those with isotropic pitch distribution are found to exhibit inverse dependence on energy. For all types of hot ions, namely, isotropic, passing, and trapped, the radial transport appears to be subdiffusive for the parameters considered.

Chowdhury, J.; Wang, W.; Ethier, S.; Manickam, J. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Ganesh, R. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

380

Combustor oscillation pressure stabilizer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In accordance with the objective of the present invention, the active control of unsteady combustion induced oscillations in a combustion chamber fired by a suitable fuel and oxidizer mixture, such as a hydrocarbon fuel and air mixture, is provided by restructuring and moving the position of the main flame front and thereby increasing the transport time and displacing the pressure wave further away from the in-phase relationship with the periodic heat release. The restructuring and repositioning of the main flame are achieved by utilizing a pilot flame which is pulsed at a predetermined frequency corresponding to less than about one-half the frequency of the combustion oscillation frequency with the duration of each pulse being sufficient to produce adequate secondary thermal energy to restructure the main flame and thereby decouple the heat release from the acoustic coupling so as to lead to a reduction in the dynamic pressure amplitude. The pulsating pilot flame produces a relatively small and intermittently existing flame front in the combustion zone that is separate from the oscillating main flame front but which provides the thermal energy necessary to effectively reposition the location of the oscillating main flame front out of the region in the combustion zone where the acoustic coupling can occur with the main flame and thereby effectively altering the oscillation-causing phase relationship with the heat of combustion.

Gemmen, R.S.; Richards, G.A.; Yip, M.T.J.; Robey, E.; Cully, S.R.; Addis, R.E.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A fluid pressure and deformation analysis for geological sequestration of carbon dioxide  

SciTech Connect

We present a hydro-mechanical model and deformation analysis for geological sequestration of carbon dioxide. The model considers the poroelastic effects by taking into account the two-way coupling between the geomechanical response and the fluid flow process in greater detail. In order for analytical solutions, the simplified hydro-mechanical model includes the geomechanical part that relies on the theory of linear elasticity, while the fluid flow is based on the Darcy's law. The model was derived through coupling the two parts using the standard linear poroelasticity theory. Analytical solutions for fluid pressure field were obtained for a typical geological sequestration scenario and the solutions for ground deformation were obtained using the method of Green's function. Solutions predict the temporal and spatial variation of fluid pressure, the effect of permeability and elastic modulus on the fluid pressure, the ground surface uplift, and the radial deformation during the entire injection period.

Xu, Zhijie; Fang, Yilin; Scheibe, Timothy D.; Bonneville, Alain HR

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

382

Scanning gate microscopy on graphene: charge inhomogeneity and extrinsic doping This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mode tip and local top gate. Electrical transport through graphene at various back gate voltages is monitored as a function of tip voltage and tip position. Near the Dirac point, the response of graphene, USA. graphene field effect transistor (GFET), a voltage applied to a gate (capacitively coupled

Chen, Yong P.

383

Numerical analysis of the heat transfer for packing design of cryogenic gate valve  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The packing, among the components comprising the gate valve, is used to sustain the airtightness and the study on change of shape or pattern has been carried out to maximize the functions, but the study on changing the location or the size of the packing ... Keywords: cryogenic, heat transfer, liquefied natural gas, numerical analysis, packing

Si Pom Kim; Rock Won Jeon; Il Ju Hwang; Jae Hoon Lee; Won Heaop Shin

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Method and system for measuring gate valve clearances and seating force  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Valve clearances and seating force, as well as other valve operational parameters, are determined by measuring valve stem rotation during opening and closing operations of a translatable gate valve. The magnitude of the stem rotation, and the relative difference between the stem rotation on opening and closing provides valuable data on the valve internals in a non-intrusive manner.

Casada, Donald A. (Knoxville, TN); Haynes, Howard D. (Knoxville, TN); Moyers, John C. (Oak Ridge, TN); Stewart, Brian K. (Burns, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Analyzing Combined Impacts of Parameter Variations and BTI in Nano-scale Logical Gates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyzing Combined Impacts of Parameter Variations and BTI in Nano-scale Logical Gates Seyab Khan conclusions. 2 Background and Analysis Framework Fig. 1(a) shows the threshold voltage increment (Vth) due variation, delay model, and presents the analysis framework. First MEDIAN Workshop 2012 7 #12;2 Seyab Khan

Hamdioui, Said

386

A quantum logic gate between a solid-state quantum bit and a photon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated quantum photonics provides a promising route towards scalable solid-state implementations of quantum networks, quantum computers, and ultra-low power opto-electronic devices. A key component for many of these applications is the photonic quantum logic gate, where the quantum state of a solid-state quantum bit (qubit) conditionally controls the state of a photonic qubit. These gates are crucial for development of robust quantum networks, non-destructive quantum measurements, and strong photon-photon interactions. Here we experimentally realize a quantum logic gate between an optical photon and a solid-state qubit. The qubit is composed of a quantum dot (QD) strongly coupled to a nano-cavity, which acts as a coherently controllable qubit system that conditionally flips the polarization of a photon on picosecond timescales, implementing a controlled-NOT (cNOT) gate. Our results represent an important step towards solid-state quantum networks and provide a versatile approach for probing QD-photon inter...

Kim, Hyochul; Shen, Thomas C; Solomon, Glenn S; Waks, Edo; 10.1038/nphoton.2013.48

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

The effect of interfacial layer properties on the performance of Hf-based gate stack devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-k-induced oxygen deficiency in the IL consistent with the electrical data. It is concluded that high temperature. © 2006 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.2362905 I. INTRODUCTION To sustain the historical rate of transistor scaling, the conventional SiO2 gate dielectric layer must be replaced

Pennycook, Steve

388

Numerical Modeling of a Line of Towering Cumulus on Day 226 of GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional numerical model with warm rain bulk cloud physics is used to investigate the shallow convection observed on day 226 of GATE. This convection had cloud tops at 3.0 km, cloud bases at 0.4 km and approximately 0.1 cm of rain at ...

Frank B. Lipps; Richard S. Hemler

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Basic State Energy Budget Analysis for Phases 1, 2 and 3 of GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diagnostic study of the budget of zonal and eddy components of available potential and kinetic energy is presented for the large-scale basic (time-averaged) state of the atmosphere for Phases 1, 2 and 3 of GATE. The Final Validated Data Set (...

Randy A. Peppler; Dayton G. Vincent

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Effect of lateral strain on gate induced control of electrical conduction in single layer graphene device  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study numerically the effect of various types of in-plane strain on the electronic transport property in the single layer graphene connected to two metallic electrodes, with the special attention to the dependences on the gate voltage, channel length, ... Keywords: Electronic transport, Graphene, Strain

Satofumi Souma; Yusuke Ohmi; Matsuto Ogawa

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

PGCapping: exploiting power gating for power capping and core lifetime balancing in CMPs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimizing the performance of a chip multiprocessor (CMP) within a power cap has recently received a lot of attention. However, most existing solutions rely solely on DVFS, which is anticipated to have only limited actuation ranges in the future. Power ... Keywords: chip multiprocessor, control theory, lifetime balancing, power capping, power control, power gating

Kai Ma; Xiaorui Wang

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Characterization of voltage-gated ionic currents in a peripheral sensory neuron in larval Drosophila  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the normalized I-V relationship for INa in larval dbds (n = 8). These data show that in dbds, INa begins to activate at - 50 to -40 mV and reaches peak amplitude at -30 to -20 mV. Discussion In this study, we have presented measurements of volt- age-gated ionic...

Nair, Amit; Bate, Michael; Pulver, Stefan R

2010-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

393

Case Studies on Variation Tolerant and Low Power Design Using Planar Asymmetric Double Gate Transistor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In nanometer technologies, process variation control and low power have emerged as the first order design goal after high performance. Process variations cause high variability in performance and power consumption of an IC, which affects the overall yield. Short channel effects (SCEs) deteriorate the MOSFET performance and lead to higher leakage power. Double gate devices suppress SCEs and are potential candidates for replacing Bulk technology in nanometer nodes. Threshold voltage control in planar asymmetric double gate transistor (IGFET) using a fourth terminal provides an effective means of combating process variations and low power design. In this thesis, using various case studies, we analyzed the suitability of IGFET for variation control and low power design. We also performed an extensive comparison between IGFET and Bulk for reducing variability, improving yield and leakage power reduction using power gating. We also proposed a new circuit topology for IGFET, which on average shows 33.8 percent lower leakage and 34.9 percent lower area at the cost of 2.8 percent increase in total active mode power, for basic logic gates. Finally, we showed a technique for reducing leakage of minimum sized devices designed using new circuit topology for IGFET.

Singh, Amrinder

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Investigating physical and chemical changes in high-k gate stacks using nanoanalytical electron microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermal budget involved in processing high-k gate stacks can cause undesirable physical and chemical changes which limit device performance. The transmission electron microscope and associated analytical techniques provide a way of investigating ... Keywords: Electron energy loss near edge structure, Electron energy loss spectroscopy, High-k dielectrics, Nanoanalytical electron microscopy

A. J. Craven; M. MacKenzie; D. W. McComb; F. T. Docherty

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Device performance of in situ steam generated gate dielectric nitrided by remote plasma nitridation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In situ steam generated (ISSG) oxides have recently attracted interest for use as gate dielectrics because of their demonstrated reliability improvement over oxides formed by dry oxidation. [G. Minor, G. Xing, H. S. Joo, E. Sanchez, Y. Yokota, C. Chen, D. Lopes, and A. Balakrishna, Electrochem. Soc. Symp. Proc. 99-10, 3 (1999); T. Y. Luo, H. N. Al-Shareef, G. A. Brown, M. Laughery, V. Watt, A. Karamcheti, M. D. Jackson, and H. R. Huff, Proc. SPIE 4181, 220 (2000).] We show in this letter that nitridation of ISSG oxide using a remote plasma decreases the gate leakage current of ISSG oxide by an order of magnitude without significantly degrading transistor performance. In particular, it is shown that the peak normalized transconductance of n-channel devices with an ISSG oxide gate dielectric decreases by only 4% and the normalized drive current by only 3% after remote plasma nitridation (RPN). In addition, it is shown that the reliability of the ISSG oxide exhibits only a small degradation after RPN. These observations suggest that the ISSG/RPN process holds promise for gate dielectric applications. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Al-Shareef, H. N.; Karamcheti, A.; Luo, T. Y.; Bersuker, G.; Brown, G. A.; Murto, R. W.; Jackson, M. D.; Huff, H. R.; Kraus, P.; Lopes, D. (and others)

2001-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

396

A Diagnostic Study of the Diurnal Rainfall Variation in the GATE B-Scale Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat and moisture budgets are used to compute net condensation rates in the GATE B-scale network for four hours of the day: 0000, 0600, 1200 and 1800 GMT. Budgets are presented for all phases combined, for selected periods of enhanced convection ...

Mark D. Albright; Donald R. Mock; Ernest E. Recker; Richard J. Reed

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

The Surface Wave Environment In the GATE B/C ScalePhase III  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The surface wave environment in the GATE B/C scale is described from wave measurements made from buoys and aircraft during Phase III (September 1974). Particular emphasis is given to the wave measurements made from the pitch-roll buoy deployed in ...

V. Cardone; H. Carlson; J. A. Ewing; K. Hasselmann; S. Lazanoff; W. McLeish; D. Ross

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

UC Davis Fuel Cell, Hydrogen, and Hybrid Vehicle (FCH2V) GATE Center of Excellence  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

UC Davis??s existing GATE centers have become the campus??s research focal points on fuel cells and hybrid-electric vehicles, and the home for graduate students who are studying advanced automotive technologies. The centers have been highly successful in attracting, training, and placing top-notch students into fuel cell and hybrid programs in both industry and government.

Erickson, Paul

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

399

Useful-Skew Clock Routing with Gate Sizing for Low Power Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new problem formulation and algorithm of clock routing combined with gate sizing for minimizing total logic and clock power. Instead of zero-skew or assuming a fixed skew bound, we seek to produce useful skews in clock routing. ...

Joe Gufeng Xi; Wayne Wei-Ming Dai

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

US DOE Sponsored Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program at Penn State Emphasizing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- power in-vehicle energy storage for hybrid electric and fuel cell vehicles covering the fundamental into energy storage curriculum including vehicle topologies, advanced combustion, fuel cells, power from DOE. ME 597F HIL Advanced Vehicles (3) Contact: Joel R. Anstrom Director of Penn State GATE Center

Lee, Dongwon

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A low-power, multichannel gated oscillator-based CDR for short-haul applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A gated current-controlled oscillator (GCCO) based topology is used to implement a low-power multi-channel clock and data recovery (CDR) system in a 0.18um digital CMOS technology. A systematic approach is presented to design a reliable and low-power ...

Armin Tajalli; Paul Muller; Mojtaba Atarodi; Yusuf Leblebici

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Uniaxial Strain Effects on the Performance of a Ballistic Top Gate Graphene Nanoribbon on Insulator Transistor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of uniaxial strain on the bandgap and performance of a top gate graphene nanoribbon (GNR) on insulator transistor are studied using pi-orbital basis 3-D ballistic quantum simulation. The bandgap variation with strain shows zigzag pattern ... Keywords: Graphene nanoribbon (GNR) on insulator transistor, nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) formalism, performance of GNR transistor, strain effects

K. Alam

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Novel universal threshold logic gate based on RTD and its application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Resonant tunneling diodes (RTDs) are receiving much attention because of their high-speed switching capability and functional versatility. Due to the negative differential resistance exhibited by RTDs, great functionality with a single gate can be achieved. ... Keywords: Monostable-bistable logic element (MOBILE), Resonant tunneling diode (RTD), Spectral technology, Threshold logic

Yi Wei; Jizhong Shen

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Guardians at the Gates of Hell Estimating the Risk of Nuclear Theft and Terrorism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of nuclear theft in Russia, Pakistan, and from HEU-fueled research reactors are highlighted. SecondGuardians at the Gates of Hell Estimating the Risk of Nuclear Theft and Terrorism ­ and Identifying the Highest-Priority Risks of Nuclear Theft by Matthew Bunn SB and SM, Political Science, MIT, 1985 SUBMITTED

de Weck, Olivier L.

405

Dosimetric effect of intrafraction tumor motion in phase gated lung stereotactic body radiotherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: A major concern for lung intensity modulated radiation therapy delivery is the deviation of actually delivered dose distribution from the planned one due to simultaneous movements of multileaf collimator (MLC) leaves and tumor. For gated lung stereotactic body radiotherapy treatment (SBRT), the situation becomes even more complicated because of SBRT's characteristics such as fewer fractions, smaller target volume, higher dose rate, and extended fractional treatment time. The purpose of this work is to investigate the dosimetric effect of intrafraction tumor motion during gated lung SBRT delivery by reconstructing the delivered dose distribution with real-time tumor motion considered. Methods: The tumor motion data were retrieved from six lung patients. Each of them received three fractions of stereotactic radiotherapy treatments with Cyberknife Synchrony (Accuray, Sunnyvale, CA). Phase gating through an external surrogate was simulated with a gating window of 5 mm. The resulting residual tumor motion curves during gating (beam-on) were retrieved. Planning target volume (PTV) was defined as physician-contoured clinical target volume (CTV) surrounded by an isotropic 5 mm margin. Each patient was prescribed with 60 Gy/3 fractions. The authors developed an algorithm to reconstruct the delivered dose with tumor motion. The DMLC segments, mainly leaf position and segment weighting factor, were recalculated according to the probability density function of tumor motion curve. The new DMLC sequence file was imported back to treatment planning system to reconstruct the dose distribution. Results: Half of the patients in the study group experienced PTV D95% deviation up to 26% for fractional dose and 14% for total dose. CTV mean dose dropped by 1% with tumor motion. Although CTV is almost covered by prescribed dose with 5 mm margin, qualitative comparison on the dose distributions reveals that CTV is on the verge of underdose. The discrepancy happens due to tumor excursion outside of the gating window, which, for our study group, is mainly caused by baseline shift, i.e., the change in general trend of the motion curve during extended period of treatment time. Conclusions: The dose deviation in PTV and CTV due to target motion is not always negligible in gated SBRT. Although CTVs are covered sufficiently with prescribed dose in most cases, some are on the verge of underdose due to large tumor excursion caused by factors such as baseline shift.

Zhao Bo; Yang Yong; Li Tianfang; Li Xiang; Heron, Dwight E.; Huq, M. Saiful [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232 (United States) and Department of Radiation Oncology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232 (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

Radial heat flux limits in potassium heat pipes: An experimental and analytical investigation  

SciTech Connect

A radial flux limit of 147 W/cm{sup 2} at the wetted inner tube wall has been demonstrated with a Nb-1%Zr/K heat pipe, a flux 5 times greater than the previously accepted safe design level of 25-30 W/cm{sup 2}. The wick structure was an annular gap type fabricated from 100 {times} 100 mesh Nb-1%Zr screen. Rigorous fabrication and cleaning procedures are believed to be critical to good wetting, resulting in significantly reduced active nucleation site size and a higher boiling limit. The procedure used to clean this heat pipe included acid wash, Freon-TF degrease, ethanol wash, high-vacuum firing, and operation as a lithium heat pipe. A heat pipe boiling limit model, based on the active nucleation site radius, is described. An active nucleation site radius of 6 {times} 10{sup -6} m (2.4 {times} 10{sup -4} in) correlates the radial flux boiling limit measured in these tests. 4 refs., 2 figs.

Woloshun, K.A.; Sena, J.T.; Keddy, E.S.; Merrigan, M.A.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Can gas in young debris disks be constrained by their radial brightness profiles?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disks around young stars are known to evolve from optically thick, gas-dominated protoplanetary disks to optically thin, almost gas-free debris disks. It is thought that the primordial gas is largely removed at ages of ~10 Myr, but it is difficult to discern the true gas densities from gas observations. This suggests using observations of dust: it has been argued that gas, if present with higher densities, would lead to flatter radial profiles of the dust density and surface brightness than those actually observed. However, here we show that these profiles are surprisingly insensitive to variation of the parameters of a central star, location of the dust-producing planetesimal belt, dustiness of the disk and - most importantly - the parameters of the ambient gas. This result holds for a wide range of gas densities (three orders of magnitude), for different radial distributions of the gas temperature, and different gas compositions. The brightness profile slopes of -3...-4 we find are the same that were theore...

Krivov, Alexander V; Brandeker, Alexis; Thbault, Philippe

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Design of Radial pin Si Nanowires for High Performance Solar Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The quantum efficiency of solar cells, like of any photon detector, is dictated by the ability to absorb photons to create conducting carriers, and the efficiency to drive such carriers to electrodes for collection. Having a medium that enables full photon absorption in a short length, together with a long carrier lifetime that allows photo-generated carriers to reach electrodes before recombining are ideal, but are not always realistic. For example, silicon photovoltaics, despite being a major player in the solar cell market, suffer from the low absorption coefficient, thus requiring a thick absorbing layer which impairs the efficiency with which photogenerated carriers are collected. Radial silicon nanowires have been proposed as a candidate for reducing the optical absorption length and required processing purity in Si based solar cells without compromising their quantum efficiency and yet reducing the overall cell cost. On the one hand, incident light propagates along the axial dimension of the wires, and thus has a greater chance of being absorbed when the wire length extends beyond 10m due to inter-array light scattering effects. On the other hand, the core/shell p-i-n structure leads electrical current flow along sub-micron radii, which enables rapid collection of most photogenerated carriers as the transport length is typically less than the diffusion lengths of minority carriers. In this work, we perform Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) simulation to investigate the absorption process in arrayed radial nanowires.

Nguyen, Binh-Minh [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yoo, Jinkyoung [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dayeh, Shadi [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Picraux, Samuel Thomas [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

409

Nuclear reactor removable radial shielding assembly having a self-bowing feature  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A removable radial shielding assembly for use in the periphery of the core of a liquid-metal-cooled fast-breeder reactor, for closing interassembly gaps in the reactor core assembly load plane prior to reactor criticality and power operation to prevent positive reactivity insertion. The assembly has a lower nozzle portion for inserting into the core support and a flexible heat-sensitive bimetallic central spine surrounded by blocks of shielding material. At refueling temperature and below the spine is relaxed and in a vertical position so that the tolerances permitted by the interassembly gaps allow removal and replacement of the various reactor core assemblies. During an increase in reactor temperature from refueling to hot standby, the bimetallic spine expands, bowing the assembly toward the core center line, exerting a radially inward gap-closing-force on the above core load plane of the reactor core assembly, closing load plane interassembly gaps throughout the core prior to startup and preventing positive reactivity insertion.

Pennell, William E. (Greensburg, PA); Kalinowski, Joseph E. (Smithton, PA); Waldby, Robert N. (New Stanton, PA); Rylatt, John A. (Monroeville, PA); Swenson, Daniel V. (Greensburg, PA)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

CDIAC Atmospheric Pressure Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Pressure Atmospheric Pressure CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Atmospheric Pressure Data Global Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN); Vs. 1 (CDIAC NDP-041) R.S. Vose et al. Surface stations; monthly mean sea-level pressure Varies by station; through 1990 Extended Edited Synoptic Cloud Reports from Ships and Land Stations Over the Globe, 1952-2009 (CDIAC NDP-026C) C.J. Hahn, S.G. Warren, and R. Eastman Six-hourly synoptic observations of sea-level pressure Land 1971-2009; Ocean 1952-2008 Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN); Vs. 2 (Note: the above link takes you to NOAA's National Climatic Data Center website.) R.S. Vose et al. Surface stations; monthly mean sea-level pressure Varies by station; some through most recent month

411

Computer Based Training: Pressure Measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ETTM Pressure Measurement is a computer based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace. It provides graphics and limited interactive features to enhance learning. The purpose of this training module is to provide an understanding of the engineering principles associated with pressure measurement through the review of: Definitions and laws, Operation of some typical plant pressure instruments and, Installation and correction considerations that will...

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

412

A Deep-Sea Differential Pressure Gauge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A pressure gauge configured to respond to the difference between the ocean pressure and the pressure within a confined volume of compressible oil is found to be especially useful for detecting pressure fluctuations in the frequency range from a ...

Charles Cox; Thomas Deaton; Spahr Webb

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Radial-Gap Permanent Magnet Motor and Drive Research FY 2004  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this task was to study permanent magnet (PM) radial-gap traction drive systems that could meet the U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR Program's 2010 goals to expose weaknesses or identify strengths. Initially, the approach was to compare attributes such as physical deformations during operation, performance (torque, power, efficiency versus speed), material requirements (strength), material costs, manufacturability, weight, power density, specific power, reliability, and drivability for specific motors. Three motors selected were the commercially available 60-kW radial-gap surface-mounted PM motor manufactured by UQM Technologies, Inc.; a hypothetical PM motor with rotor-supported magnets similar to the Honda MCF-21; and Delphi's automotive electric machine drive motor, whose rotor is a ferromagnetic cylinder, held at one end by a shaft that supports the magnets on its inner surface. Potential problems have appeared related to PM motors, such as (1) high no-load spin losses and high operational power losses, probably from eddy current losses in the rotor; (2) the undemonstrated dual mode inverter control (DMIC) for driving a brushless dc motor (BDCM) (UQM and Delphi motors); (3) uncertainty about the potential for reducing current with DMIC; and (4) uncertainty about the relation between material requirements and maximum rotor speed. Therefore, the approach was changed to study in detail three of the comparison attributes: drivability, performance, and material requirements. Drivability and related problems were examined by demonstrating that DMIC may be used to drive an 18-pole 30-kW PM motor to 6000 rpm, where the maximum electrical frequency is 900 Hz. An available axial-gap test motor with 18 poles was used because its control is identical to that of a radial gap PM motor. Performance was analytically examined, which led to a derivation showing that DMIC controls a PM motor so that the motor uses minimum current to produce any power regardless of speed for relative speeds, n = {omega}/{omega}{sub base} {ge} 2. Performance was also examined with efficiency measurements during the 30-kW PM motor test. Material requirements were examined with finite-element analyses (FEA) to determine the speed and location where yield starts and the corresponding deformations and stresses.

McKeever, J.W.

2005-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

414

CHARACTERIZING THE GALACTIC WHITE DWARF BINARY POPULATION WITH SPARSELY SAMPLED RADIAL VELOCITY DATA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a method to characterize statistically the parameters of a detached binary sample-binary fraction, separation distribution, and mass-ratio distribution-using noisy radial velocity data with as few as two, randomly spaced, epochs per object. To do this, we analyze the distribution of {Delta}RV{sub max}, the maximum radial velocity difference between any two epochs for the same object. At low values, the core of this distribution is dominated by measurement errors, but for large enough samples there is a high-velocity tail that can effectively constrain the parameters of the binary population. We discuss our approach for the case of a population of detached white dwarf (WD) binaries with separations that are decaying via gravitational wave emission. We derive analytic expressions for the present-day distribution of separations, integrated over the star formation history of the Galaxy, for parameterized initial WD separation distributions at the end of the common-envelope phase. We use Monte Carlo techniques to produce grids of simulated {Delta}RV{sub max} distributions with specific binary population parameters, and the same sampling cadences and radial velocity errors as the observations, and we compare them to the real {Delta}RV{sub max} distribution to constrain the properties of the binary population. We illustrate the sensitivity of the method to both the model and observational parameters. In the particular case of binary WDs, every model population predicts a merger rate per star which can easily be compared to specific Type Ia supernova rates. In a companion paper, we apply the method to a sample of {approx}4000 WDs from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The binary fractions and separation distribution parameters allowed by the data indicate a rate of WD-WD mergers per unit stellar mass in the Galactic disk, {approx}1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -13} mergers yr{sup -1} M{sup -1}{sub Sun }, remarkably similar to the rate per unit mass of Type Ia supernovae in Milky Way like galaxies.

Maoz, Dan; Badenes, Carles [School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Bickerton, Steven J., E-mail: maoz@astro.tau.ac.il, E-mail: badenes@pitt.edu, E-mail: bick@astro.princeton.edu [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Peyton Hall, Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544-1001 (United States)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

High fidelity gate operations within the coupled nuclear and electron spins of a nitrogen vacancy center in diamond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we investigate the dynamics of a single negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy center (NV-) coupled to the spin of the nucleus of a 15-nitrogen atom and show that high fidelity gate operations are possible without the need for complicated composite pulse sequences. These operations include both the electron and nuclear spin rotations, as well as an entangling gate between them. These are experimentally realizable gates with current technology of sufficiently high fidelities that they can be used to build graph states for quantum information processing tasks.

Mark S. Everitt; Simon Devitt; W. J. Munro; Kae Nemoto

2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

416

High Pressure Studies of Superconductivity.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Superconductivity has been studied extensively since it was first discovered over 100 years ago. High pressure studies, in particular, have been vital in furthering our (more)

Hillier, Narelle Jayne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

CONTAM Libraries - Appendix B: CONTAM Wind Pressure ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Appendix B: CONTAM Wind Pressure Profile Library. The table below contains information on the wind pressure profiles ...

419

High pressure heterogeneous catalysis in a low pressure UHV environment  

SciTech Connect

The major thrust of our research is to carry out for the first time a heterogeneous catalytic reaction that normally is observed only at high pressures (>1 atm) of reactant gas at low pressures (<10{sup {minus}4} Torr) in an ultrahigh vacuum environment. The reaction we have chosen is the steam reforming of methane on a Ni(111) crystal.

Ceyer, S.T.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Distributed control of reactive power flow in a radial distribution circuit with high photovoltaic penetration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show how distributed control of reactive power can serve to regulate voltage and minimize resistive losses in a distribution circuit that includes a significant level of photovoltaic (PV) generation. To demonstrate the technique, we consider a radial distribution circuit with a single branch consisting of sequentially-arranged residential-scale loads that consume both real and reactive power. In parallel, some loads also have PV generation capability. We postulate that the inverters associated with each PV system are also capable of limited reactive power generation or consumption, and we seek to find the optimal dispatch of each inverter's reactive power to both maintain the voltage within an acceptable range and minimize the resistive losses over the entire circuit. We assume the complex impedance of the distribution circuit links and the instantaneous load and PV generation at each load are known. We compare the results of the optimal dispatch with a suboptimal local scheme that does not require any com...

Turitsyn, Konstantin; Backhaus, Scott; Chertkov, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Angular Averaged Profiling of the Radial Electric Field in Compensated FTICR Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recent publication from this laboratory (1) reported a theoretical analysis comparing approaches for creating harmonic ICR cells. We considered two examples of static segmented cells - namely, a seven segment cell developed in this laboratory (2) and one described by Rempel et al (3), along with a recently described dynamically harmonized cell (4). This conceptual design for a dynamically harmonized cell has now been reduced to practice and first experimental results obtained with this cell were recently reported in this journal (5). This publication reports details of cell construction and describes its performance in a 7 Tesla Fourier Transform mass spectrometer. Herein, we describe the extension of theoretical analysis presented in (1) to include angular-averaged radial electric field calculations and a discussion of the influence of trapping plates.

Tolmachev, Aleksey V.; Robinson, Errol W.; Wu, Si; Smith, Richard D.; Futrell, Jean H.; Pasa-Tolic, Ljiljana

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

422

Radial arrays of nano-electrospray ionization emitters and methods of forming electrosprays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrospray ionization emitter arrays, as well as methods for forming electrosprays, are described. The arrays are characterized by a radial configuration of three or more nano-electrospray ionization emitters without an extractor electrode. The methods are characterized by distributing fluid flow of the liquid sample among three or more nano-electrospray ionization emitters, forming an electrospray at outlets of the emitters without utilizing an extractor electrode, and directing the electrosprays into an entrance to a mass spectrometry device. Each of the nano-electrospray ionization emitters can have a discrete channel for fluid flow. The nano-electrospray ionization emitters are circularly arranged such that each is shielded substantially equally from an electrospray-inducing electric field.

Kelly, Ryan T [West Richland, WA; Tang, Keqi [Richland, WA; Smith, Richard D [Richland, WA

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

423

Fast Calculations of Electrostatic Solvation Free Energy from Reconstructed Solvent Density Using Proximal Radial Distribution Functions  

SciTech Connect

Although detailed atomic models may be applied for a full description of solvation, simpler phenomenologicalmodels are particularly useful to interpret the results for scanning many large, complex systems, where a full atomic model is too computationally expensive to use. Among the most costly are solvation free-energy evaluations by simulation. Here we develop a fast way to calculate electrostatic solvation free energy while retaining much of the accuracy of explicit solvent free-energy simulation. The basis of our method is to treat the solvent not as a structureless dielectric continuum but as a structured medium by making use of universal proximal radial distribution functions. Using a deca-alanine peptide as a test case, we compare the use of our theory with free-energy simulations and traditional continuum estimates of the electrostatic solvation free energy.

Lin, Bin; Wong, Ka-Yiu; Hu, Char Y.; Kokubo, Hironori; Pettitt, Bernard M.

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

424

THE NON-RADIAL PROPAGATION OF CORONAL STREAMERS WITHIN A SOLAR CYCLE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have analyzed the shape of the solar corona using the data of daily observations with Mark-III/IV (1980-2008) and SOHO/LASCO-2 (1996-2009) telescopes. The angles of deviation of coronal rays from the radial direction {Delta}{theta} vary cyclically, reaching the maximum deviation toward the solar equator at the minimum of the solar activity. We consider the relations between the angles of deviation of coronal rays and the parameters of the heliospheric current sheet, and discuss the hypothesis according to which the variations of the inclination {Delta}{theta} of coronal rays can affect the parameters of the solar wind and the indices of geomagnetic perturbations at the minima of the solar activity cycles.

Tlatov, A. G., E-mail: tlatov@mail.r [Kislovodsk Mountain Station, Central Astronomical Observatory of RAS at Pulkovo, 357700, Box-145, Ggarina St., 100, Kislovodsk (Russian Federation)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Effects of edge plasma turbulence on radial correlation length measurements with BES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recently developed technique of beam emission spectroscopy (BES) provides a tool to study long-wavelength density turbulence (coherence length {much gt} ion gyroradius) in hot tokamak plasmas. To provide an accurate conversion of the measured light intensity fluctuations to a local {ital {tilde n}}/{ital n} density fluctuation and to assess the influence of density fluctuations in the neutral beam induced by large edge turbulence, a multistate neutral beam excitation/transport code for realistic experimental geometries has been written. Results from this code show that the attenuation of the beam density induced by edge turbulence can give rise to significant levels of common-mode fluctuation power in signals from the plasma core and that the derivation of quantitative values of {ital {tilde n}}/{ital n} from experimental measurements depends weakly on the radial extent of the density fluctuations.

Gianakon, T.A.; Fonck, R.J.; Callen, J.D.; Durst, R.D.; Kim, J.S. (Department of Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)); Paul, S.F. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Radial electric field 3D modeling for wire arrays driving dynamic hohlraums on Z.  

SciTech Connect

The anode-cathode structure of the Z-machine wire array results in a higher negative radial electric field (Er) on the wires near the cathode relative to the anode. The magnitude of this field has been shown to anti-correlate with the axial radiation top/bottom symmetry in the DH (Dynamic Hohlraum). Using 3D modeling, the structure of this field is revealed for different wire-array configurations and for progressive mechanical alterations, providing insight for minimizing the negative Er on the wire array in the anode-to-cathode region of the DH. Also, the 3D model is compared to Sasorov's approximation, which describes Er at the surface of the wire in terms of wire-array parameters.

Mock, Raymond Cecil

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Development and validation of a radial inflow turbine model for simulation of the SNL S-CO2 split-flow loop.  

SciTech Connect

A one-dimensional model for a radial inflow turbine has been developed for super-critical carbon dioxide (S-CO{sub 2}) Brayton cycle applications. The model accounts for the main phenomena present in the volute, nozzle, and impeller of a single-stage turbine. These phenomena include internal losses due to friction, blade loading, and angle of incidence and parasitic losses due to windage and blade-housing leakage. The model has been added as a component to the G-PASS plant systems code. The model was developed to support the analysis of S-CO{sub 2} cycles in conjunction with small-scale loop experiments. Such loops operate at less than a MWt thermal input. Their size permits components to be reconfigured in new arrangements relatively easily and economically. However, the small thermal input combined with the properties of carbon dioxide lead to turbomachines with impeller diameters of only one to two inches. At these sizes the dominant phenomena differ from those in larger more typical machines. There is almost no treatment in the literature of turbomachines at these sizes. The present work therefore is aimed at developing turbomachine models that support the task of S-CO{sub 2} cycle analysis using small-scale tests. Model predictions were compared against data from an experiment performed for Sandia National Laboratories in the split-flow Brayton cycle loop currently located at Barber-Nichols Inc. The split-flow loop incorporates two turbo-alternator-compressor (TAC) units each incorporating a radial inflow turbine and a radial flow compressor on a common shaft. The predicted thermodynamic conditions at the outlet of the turbine on the main compressor shaft were compared with measured values at different shaft speeds. Two modifications to the original model were needed to better match the experiment data. First, a representation of the heat loss from the volute downstream of the sensed inlet temperature was added. Second, an empirical multiplicative factor was applied to the Euler head and another to the head loss to bring the predicted outlet pressure into better agreement with the experiment. These changes also brought the overall efficiency of the turbine into agreement with values cited by Barber Nichols for small turbines. More generally, the quality of measurement set data can in the future be improved by additional steps taken in the design and operation of the experimental apparatus. First, a thermocouple mounted at the nozzle inlet would provide a better indication of temperature at this key point. Second, heat losses from the turbine should be measured directly. Allowing the impeller to free wheel at inlet conditions and measuring the temperature drop between inlet and outlet would provide a more accurate measure of heat loss. Finally, the enthalpy change during operation is more accurately obtained by measuring the torque on the stator using strain gauges rather than by measuring pressure and temperature at inlet and outlet to infer thermodynamic states.

Vilim, R. B. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

428

Vertical Shearing Instabilities in Radially Shearing Disks: The Dustiest Layers of the Protoplanetary Nebula  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gravitational instability of a vertically thin, dusty sheet near the midplane of a protoplanetary disk has long been proposed as a way of forming planetesimals. Before Roche densities can be achieved, however, the dust-rich layer, sandwiched from above and below by more slowly rotating dust-poor gas, threatens to overturn and mix by the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (KHI). Whether such a threat is real has never been demonstrated: the Richardson criterion for the KHI is derived for 2-D Cartesian shear flow and does not account for rotational forces. Here we present 3-D numerical simulations of gas-dust mixtures in a shearing box, accounting for the full suite of disk-related forces: the Coriolis and centrifugal forces, and radial tidal gravity. Dust particles are assumed small enough to be perfectly entrained in gas; the two fluids share the same velocity field but obey separate continuity equations. We find that the Richardson number Ri does not alone determine stability. The critical value of Ri below which the dust layer overturns and mixes depends on the height-integrated metallicity Z (surface density ratio of dust to gas). Nevertheless, for Z between one and five times solar, the critical Ri is nearly constant at 0.1. Keplerian radial shear stabilizes those modes that would otherwise disrupt the layer at large Ri. If Z is at least 5 times greater than the solar value of 0.01, then midplane dust densities can approach Roche densities. Such an environment might be expected to produce gas giant planets having similarly super-solar metallicities.

E. Chiang

2007-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

429

Electrokinetically pumped high pressure sprays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrokinetic pump capable of producing high pressure is combined with a nozzle having a submicron orifice to provide a high pressure spray device. Because of its small size, the device can be contained within medical devices such as an endoscope for delivering biological materials such as DNA, chemo therapeutic agents, or vaccines to tissues and cells.

Schoeniger, Joseph S. (Oakland, CA); Paul, Phillip H. (Livermore, CA); Schoeniger, Luke (Pittsford, NY)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Electrokinetically pumped high pressure sprays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrokinetic pump capable of producing high pressure is combined with a nozzle having a submicron orifice to provide a high pressure spray device. Because of its small size, the device can be contained within medical devices such as an endoscope for delivering biological materials such as DNA, chemo therapeutic agents, or vaccines to tissues and cells.

Schoeniger, Joseph S. (Oakland, CA); Paul, Phillip H. (Livermore, CA); Schoeniger, Luke (Pittsford, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

NETL: Pressure Swing Absorption Device  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pressure Swing Absorption Device and Process for Separating CO2 from Shifted Syngas and its Capture for Subsequent Storage Pressure Swing Absorption Device and Process for Separating CO2 from Shifted Syngas and its Capture for Subsequent Storage Project No.: DE-FE0001323 New Jersey Institute of Technology is developing an advanced pressure swing absorption-based (PSAB) device via laboratory-based experiments. The device will be used to accomplish a cyclic process to process low temperature post-shift-reactor synthesis gas resulting from the gasification process into purified hydrogen at high pressure for use by the combustion turbine of an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant. The overall goal of the proposed work is to develop an advanced PSAB device and cyclic process for use in a coal-fired IGCC plant to produce purified hydrogen at high pressure and a highly purified CO2 stream suitable for use or sequestration.

432

High-Pressure Hydrogen Tanks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 8 February 8 th , 2005 Mark J. Warner, P.E. Principal Engineer Quantum Technologies, Inc. Irvine, CA Low Cost, High Efficiency, Low Cost, High Efficiency, High Pressure Hydrogen Storage High Pressure Hydrogen Storage This presentation does not contain any proprietary or confidential information. 70 MPa Composite Tanks Vent Line Ports Defueling Port (optional) Fill Port Filter Check Valve Vehicle Interface Bracket with Stone Shield In Tank Regulator with Solenoid Lock-off Pressure Relief Device Manual Valve Compressed Hydrogen Storage System In-Tank Regulator Pressure Sensor (not visible here) Pressure Relief Device (thermal) In Tank Gas Temperature Sensor Carbon Composite Shell (structural) Impact Resistant Outer Shell (damage resistant) Gas Outlet Solenoid Foam Dome (impact protection)

433

Fundamentals of high pressure adsorption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-pressure adsorption attracts research interests following the world's attention to alternative fuels, and it exerts essential effect on the study of hydrogen/methane storage and the development of novel materials addressing to the storage. However, theoretical puzzles in high-pressure adsorption hindered the progress of application studies. Therefore, the present paper addresses the major theoretical problems that challenged researchers: i.e., how to model the isotherms with maximum observed in high-pressure adsorption; what is the adsorption mechanism at high pressures; how do we determine the quantity of absolute adsorption based on experimental data. Ideology and methods to tackle these problems are elucidated, which lead to new insights into the nature of high-pressure adsorption and progress in application studies, for example, in modeling multicomponent adsorption, hydrogen storage, natural gas storage, and coalbed methane enrichment, was achieved.

Zhou, Y.P.; Zhou, L. [Tianjin University, Tianjin (China). High Pressure Adsorption Laboratory

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

atmospheric pressure | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

pressure pressure Dataset Summary Description (Abstract):Atmospheric Pressure (kPa)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Atmospheric Pressure (kPa)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords atmospheric pressure climate NASA SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 46 MiB)

435

An in depth examination of semi floating gate ultra low voltage flip-flops for high speed applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis 4 different ultra low voltage (ULV) flip-flops are presented. Floating gates has been exploited to significantly increase the drain-source current. This technique (more)

Simenstad, Erik Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR CONSEQUENCES OF DISEASE ASSOCIATED PROCESSING DEFECTS IN CONE PHOTORECEPTOR CYCLIC NUCLEOTIDE-GATED CHANNELS .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels are heterotetrameric (2A3:2B3) cation channels critical to the molecular cascade that couples light stimulus to membrane potential changes in photoreceptor cells. (more)

Duricka, Deborah Lynn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Notrees Wind Storage - Jeff Gates, Duke Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notrees Energy Storage Project Notrees Energy Storage Project Jeff Gates Duke Energy jeff.gates@duke-energy.com Project Objectives * Use energy storage to increase the value and practical application of wind generation * Integrate storage with intermittent renewable energy production * Improve use of power-producing assets by storing energy during non-peak generation periods * Demonstrate benefits of using fast response energy storage to provide ancillary services for grid management * Verify that energy storage solutions can operate within the ERCOT market protocols * Demonstrate ramp control and Energy Storage System * Technology: Advanced lead-acid battery * OEM Partner - Xtreme Power (XP) * 36 MW / 24 MWh output * Modules housed in ~ 6,000 sq. ft. building Project Activities to Date * Site construction began December

438

Implications of Simultaneous Requirements for Low Noise Exchange Gates in Double Quantum Dots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Achieving low-error, exchange-interaction operations in quantum dots for quantum computing imposes simultaneous requirements on the exchange energy's dependence on applied voltages. A double quantum dot (DQD) qubit, approximated with a quadratic potential, is solved using a full configuration interaction method. This method is more accurate than Heitler-London and Hund-Mulliken approaches and captures new and significant qualitative behavior. We show that multiple regimes can be found in which the exchange energy's dependence on the bias voltage between the dots is compatible with current quantum error correction codes and state-of-the-art electronics. Identifying such regimes may prove valuable for the construction and operation of quantum gates that are robust to charge fluctuations, particularly in the case of dynamically corrected gates.

Nielsen, Erik; Muller, Richard P; Carroll, M S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Implications of Simultaneous Requirements for Low Noise Exchange Gates in Double Quantum Dots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Achieving low-error, exchange-interaction operations in quantum dots for quantum computing imposes simultaneous requirements on the exchange energy's dependence on applied voltages. A double quantum dot (DQD) qubit, approximated with a quadratic potential, is solved using a full configuration interaction method. This method is more accurate than Heitler-London and Hund-Mulliken approaches and captures new and significant qualitative behavior. We show that multiple regimes can be found in which the exchange energy's dependence on the bias voltage between the dots is compatible with current quantum error correction codes and state-of-the-art electronics. Identifying such regimes may prove valuable for the construction and operation of quantum gates that are robust to charge fluctuations, particularly in the case of dynamically corrected gates.

Erik Nielsen; Ralph W. Young; Richard P. Muller; M. S. Carroll

2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

440

Practical fast gate rate InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche photodiodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a practical and easy-to-implement method for high-speed near infrared single-photon detection based on InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche photodiodes (SPADs), combining aspects of both sine gating and self-differencing techniques. At a gating frequency of 921 MHz and temperature of -30 $^{\\circ}$C we achieve: a detection efficiency of 9.3 %, a dark count probability of 2.8$\\times10^{-6}$ ns$^{-1}$, while the afterpulse probability is 1.6$\\times10^{-4}$ ns$^{-1}$, with a 10 ns "count-off time" setting. In principle, the maximum count rate of the SPAD can approach 100 MHz, which can significantly improve the performance for diverse applications.

Jun Zhang; Rob Thew; Claudio Barreiro; Hugo Zbinden

2009-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Nanocrystals Embedded Zirconium-doped Hafnium Oxide High-k Gate Dielectric Films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanocrystals embedded zirconium-doped hafnium oxide (ZrHfO) high-k gate dielectric films have been studied for the applications of the future metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and nonvolatile memory. ZrHfO has excellent gate dielectric properties and can be prepared into MOS structure with a low equivalent oxide thickness (EOT). Ruthenium (Ru) modification effects on the ZrHfO high-k MOS capacitor have been investigated. The bulk and interfacial properties changed with the inclusion of Ru nanoparticles. The permittivity of the ZrHfO film was increased while the energy depth of traps involved in the current transport was lowered. However, the barrier height of titanium nitride (TiN)/ZrHfO was not affected by the Ru nanoparticles. These results can be important to the novel metal gate/high-k/Si MOS structure. The Ru-modified ZrHfO gate dielectric film showed a large breakdown voltage and a long lifetime. The conventional polycrystalline Si (poly-Si) charge trapping layer can be replaced by the novel floating gate structure composed of discrete nanodots embedded in the high-k film. By replacing the SiO2 layer with the ZrHfO film, promising memory functions, e.g., low programming voltage and long charge retention time, can be expected. In this study, the ZrHfO high-k MOS capacitors that separately contain nanocrystalline ruthenium oxide (nc-RuO), indium tin oxide (nc-ITO), and zinc oxide (nc-ZnO) have been successfully fabricated by the sputtering deposition method followed with the rapid thermal annealing process. Material and electrical properties of these kinds of memory devices have been investigated using analysis tools such as XPS, XRD, and HRTEM; electrical characterizations such as C-V, J-V, CVS, and frequency-dependent measurements. All capacitors showed an obvious memory window contributed by the charge trapping effect. The formation of the interface at the nc-RuO/ZrHfO and nc-ITO/ZrHfO contact regions was confirmed by the XPS spectra. Charges were deeply trapped to the bulk nanocrystal sites. However, a portion of holes were loosely trapped at the nanocrystal/ZrHfO interface. Charges trapped to the different sites lead to different detrapping characteristics. For further improving the memory functions, the dual-layer nc-ITO and -ZnO embedded ZrHfO gate dielectric stacks have been fabricated. The dual-layer embedded structure contains two vertically-separated nanocrystal layers with a higher density than the single-layer embedded structure. The critical memory functions, e.g., memory window, programming efficiency, and charge retention can be improved by using the dual-layer nanocrystals embedded floating gate structure. This kind of gate dielectric stack is vital for the next-generation nonvolatile memory applications.

Lin, Chen-Han

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

An entangling quantum-logic gate operated with an ultrabright single photon-source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate unambiguous entangling operation of a photonic quantum-logic gate driven by an ultrabright solid-state single-photon source. Indistinguishable single photons emitted by a single semiconductor quantum dot in a micropillar optical cavity are used as target and control qubits. For a source brightness of 0.56 collected photons-per-pulse, the measured truth table has an overlap with the ideal case of 68.4%, increasing to 73.0% for a source brightness of 0.17 photons- per-pulse. The gate is entangling: at a source brightness of 0.48, the Bell-state fidelity is above the entangling threshold of 50%, and reaches 71.0% for a source brightness of 0.15.

O. Gazzano; M. P. Almeida; A. K. Nowak; S. L. Portalupi; A. Lematre; I. Sagnes; A. G. White.; P. Senellart

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Engineered Gate Oxides for Wide Bandgap Semiconductor MOSFETs - Jon Ihlefeld, SNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-5 -5 10 -4 10 -3 10 -2 10 -1 10 0 10 1 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 |J Leakage | (A-cm -2 ) Semiconductor Voltage (V) Engineered Gate Oxides for Wide Bandgap S emiconductor M OSFETs* Jon I hlefeld, M ichael B rumbach, S andeepan D asGupta, and Stanley AtciEy Sandia NaGonal Laboratories *Sponsored b y t he U .S. D epartment o f E nergy's O ffice o f E lectricity E nergy S torage Systems P rogram jihlefe@sandia.gov, 505---844---3162; s atciE@sandia.gov, 505---284---2701 Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND No. 2011-XXXXP Cooling Power electronics Energy storage Energy storage -V gate Low defect oxide Metal gate Wide

444

Conservation-Law-Induced Quantum Limits for Physical Realizations of the Quantum NOT Gate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent investigations, it has been found that conservation laws generally lead to precision limits on quantum computing. Lower bounds of the error probability have been obtained for various logic operations from the commutation relation between the noise operator and the conserved quantity or from the recently developed universal uncertainty principle for the noise-disturbance trade-off in general measurements. However, the problem of obtaining the precision limit to realizing the quantum NOT gate has eluded a solution from these approaches. Here, we develop a new method for this problem based on analyzing the trace distance between the output state from the realization under consideration and the one from the ideal gate. Using the mathematical apparatus of orthogonal polynomials, we obtain a general lower bound on the error probability for the realization of the quantum NOT gate in terms of the number of qubits in the control system under the conservation of the total angular momentum of the computational qubit plus the the control system along the direction used to encode the computational basis. The lower bound turns out to be more stringent than one might expect from previous results. The new method is expected to lead to more accurate estimates for physical realizations of various types of quantum computations under conservation laws, and to contribute to related problems such as the accuracy of programmable quantum processors.

Tokishiro Karasawa; Masanao Ozawa

2007-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

445

Dynamic and short-circuit power of CMOS gates driving lossless transmission lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AbstractThe dynamic and short-circuit power consumption of a complementary metaloxidesemidconductor (CMOS) gate driving an inductancecapacitance (LC) transmission line as a limiting case of an RLC transmission line is investigated in this paper. Closed-form solutions for the output voltage and shortcircuit power of a CMOS gate driving an LC transmission line are presented. A closed form solution for the short-circuit power is also presented. These solutions agree with circuit simulations within 11 % error for a wide range of transistor widths and line impedances for a 0.25-"m CMOS technology. The ratio of the short circuit to dynamic power is shown to be less than 7 % for CMOS gates driving LC transmission lines where the line is matched or underdriven. The total power consumption is expected to decrease as inductance effects becomes more significant as compared to a resistancecapacitance (RC)-dominated interconnect line. Index TermsCMOS, dynamic, interconnect, LC, power dissipation, RC, RLC, short-circuit, transmission lines.

Yehea I. Ismail; Eby G. Friedman; Senior Member; Jose Luis Neves

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Pulse-dilation enhanced gated optical imager with 5 ps resolution (invited)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 5 ps gated framing camera was demonstrated using the pulse-dilation of a drifting electron signal. The pulse-dilation is achieved by accelerating a photoelectron derived information pulse with a time varying potential [R. D. Prosser, J. Phys. E 9, 57 (1976)]. The temporal dependence of the accelerating potential causes a birth time dependent axial velocity dispersion that spreads the pulse as it transits a drift region. The expanded pulse is then imaged with a conventional gated microchannel plate based framing camera and the effective gating time of the combined instrument is reduced over that of the framing camera alone. In the drift region, electron image defocusing in the transverse or image plane is prevented with a large axial magnetic field. Details of the unique issues associated with rf excited photocathodes were investigated numerically and a prototype instrument based on this principle was recently constructed. Temporal resolution of the instrument was measured with a frequency tripled femtosecond laser operating at 266 nm. The system demonstrated 20x temporal magnification and the results are presented here. X-ray image formation strategies and photometric calculations for inertial confinement fusion implosion experiments are also examined.

Hilsabeck, T. J.; Kilkenny, J. D. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States); Hares, J. D.; Dymoke-Bradshaw, A. K. L. [Kentech Instruments Ltd., Wallingford, Oxfordshire OX10 (United Kingdom); Bell, P. M.; Koch, J. A.; Celliers, P. M.; Bradley, D. K.; McCarville, T.; Pivovaroff, M.; Soufli, R.; Bionta, R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

Light-induced switching in the back-gated organic transistors with built-in conduction channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on observation of a light-induced switching of the conductance in the back-gated organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) with built-in conduction channel. In the studied devices, the built-in channel is formed owing to the self-sensitized photo-oxidation of rubrene surface. In the dark, the back gate controls the charge injection from metal contacts into the built-in channel: the high-current ON state corresponds to zero or negative back-gate voltage; the low-current OFF state - to a positive back-gate voltage that blocks the Schottky contacts. Illumination of the OFET in the OFF state with a short pulse of light switches the device into the ON state that persists in the dark for days. The OFF state can be restored by cycling the back gate voltage. The observed effect can be explained by screening of the back-gate electric field by the charges photo-generated in the bulk of organic semiconductor.

V. Podzorov; V. M. Pudalov; M. E. Gershenson

2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

448

Optimal control of quantum gates and suppression of decoherence in a system of interacting two-level particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methods of optimal control are applied to a model system of interacting two-level particles (e.g., spin-half atomic nuclei or electrons or two-level atoms) to produce high-fidelity quantum gates while simultaneously negating the detrimental effect of decoherence. One set of particles functions as the quantum information processor, whose evolution is controlled by a time-dependent external field. The other particles are not directly controlled and serve as an effective environment, coupling to which is the source of decoherence. The control objective is to generate target one- and two-qubit unitary gates in the presence of strong environmentally-induced decoherence and under physically motivated restrictions on the control field. The quantum-gate fidelity, expressed in terms of a novel state-independent distance measure, is maximized with respect to the control field using combined genetic and gradient algorithms. The resulting high-fidelity gates demonstrate the feasibility of precisely guiding the quantum evolution via optimal control, even when the system complexity is exacerbated by environmental coupling. It is found that the gate duration has an important effect on the control mechanism and resulting fidelity. An analysis of the sensitivity of the gate performance to random variations in the system parameters reveals a significant degree of robustness attained by the optimal control solutions.

Matthew Grace; Constantin Brif; Herschel Rabitz; Ian A. Walmsley; Robert L. Kosut; Daniel A. Lidar

2007-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

449

In situ high-pressure x-ray diffraction study of H[subscript 2]O ice VII  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ice VII was examined over the entire range of its pressure stability by a suite of x-ray diffraction techniques in order to understand a number of unexplained characteristics of its high-pressure behavior. Axial and radial polycrystalline (diamond anvil cell) x-ray diffraction measurements reveal a splitting of diffraction lines accompanied by changes in sample texture and elastic anisotropy. In situ laser heating of polycrystalline samples resulted in the sharpening of diffraction peaks due to release of nonhydrostatic stresses but did not remove the splitting. Radial diffraction measurements indicate changes in strength of the material at this pressure. Taken together, these observations provide evidence for a transition in ice VII near 14 GPa involving changes in the character of the proton order/disorder. The results are consistent with previous reports of changes in phase boundaries and equation of state at this pressure. The transition can be interpreted as ferroelastic with the appearance of spontaneous strain that vanishes at the hydrogen bond symmetrization transition near 60 GPa.

Somayazulu, M.; Shu, J.; Zha, C.-S.; Goncharov, A.F. (CIW)

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

450

An Adaptive Dealiasing Method Based on Variational Analysis for Radar Radial Velocities Scanned with Small Nyquist Velocities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous velocityazimuth display (VAD)-based methods of dealiasing folded radial velocities have relied heavily on the VAD uniform-wind assumption and, thus, can fail when the uniform-wind assumption becomes poor around azimuthal circles in a ...

Qin Xu; Kang Nai

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

An outdoor time scenes simulation scheme based on support vector regression with radial basis function on DCT domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a novel strategy for forecasting outdoor scenes is introduced. This new approach combines the support vector regression in neural network computation and the discrete cosine transform (DCT). In 1995, Vapnik introduced a neural-network ... Keywords: Discrete cosine transform, Neural network, Radial basis function (RBF), Scene, Support vector regression

Chen-Chung Liu; Kai-Wen Chuang

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Multilayer perceptrons and radial basis function neural network methods for the solution of differential equations: A survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since neural networks have universal approximation capabilities, therefore it is possible to postulate them as solutions for given differential equations that define unsupervised errors. In this paper, we present a wide survey and classification of different ... Keywords: Backpropagation algorithm, Differential equations, Multilayer perceptron, Neural network, Radial basis functions

Manoj Kumar; Neha Yadav

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Transformation between radial generalized Higgs model and generalized CRS model with application to quasi-exactly solvable generalized Higgs model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a coordinate transformation between the generalized Carinena-Ranada-Santander model and the radial generalized Higgs model. Furthermore, based on this transformation, we obtain a series of quasi-exactly solvable potential of the two-dimensional generalized Higgs model.

Ci Song; Yan Li; Jing-Ling Chen

2013-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

454

Combining the radial basis function eulerian and Lagrangian schemes with geostatistics for modeling of radionuclide migration through the geosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To assess the long-term safety of a radioactive waste disposal system, mathematical models are used to describe groundwater flow, chemistry, and potential radionuclide migration through geological formations. A number of processes need to be considered, ... Keywords: Eulerian method, Geostatistics, Lagrangian method, Radial basis function, Radionuclide migration

L. Vrankar; G. Turk; F. Runovc

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Electrokinetic high pressure hydraulic system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact high pressure hydraulic pump having no moving mechanical parts for converting electric potential to hydraulic force. The electrokinetic pump, which can generate hydraulic pressures greater than 2500 psi, can be employed to compress a fluid, either liquid or gas, and manipulate fluid flow. The pump is particularly useful for capillary-base systems. By combining the electrokinetic pump with a housing having chambers separated by a flexible member, fluid flow, including high pressure fluids, is controlled by the application of an electric potential, that can vary with time.

Paul, Phillip H. (Livermore, CA); Rakestraw, David J. (Fremont, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Self pressuring HTP feed systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogen peroxide tanks can be pressurized with decomposed HTP (high test hydrogen peroxide) originating in the tank itself. In rocketry, this offers the advantage of eliminating bulky and heavy inert gas storage. Several prototype self-pressurizing HTP systems have recently been designed and tested. Both a differential piston tank and a small gas-driven pump have been tried to obtain the pressure boost needed for flow through a gas generator and back to the tank. Results include terrestrial maneuvering tests of a prototype microsatellite, including warm gas attitude control jets.

Whitehead, J.

1999-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

457

Respiration Induced Heart Motion and Indications of Gated Delivery for Left-Sided Breast Irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate respiration-induced heart motion for left-sided breast irradiation using a four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) technique and to determine novel indications to assess heart motion and identify breast patients who may benefit from a gated treatment. Methods and Materials: Images of 4DCT acquired during free breathing for 20 left-sided breast cancer patients, who underwent whole breast irradiation with or without regional nodal irradiation, were analyzed retrospectively. Dose distributions were reconstructed in the phases of 0%, 20%, and 50%. The intrafractional heart displacement was measured in three selected transverse CT slices using D{sub LAD} (the distance from left ascending aorta to a fixed line [connecting middle point of sternum and the body] drawn on each slice) and maximum heart depth (MHD, the distance of the forefront of the heart to the line). Linear regression analysis was used to correlate these indices with mean heart dose and heart dose volume at different breathing phases. Results: Respiration-induced heart displacement resulted in observable variations in dose delivered to the heart. During a normal free-breathing cycle, heart-induced motion D{sub LAD} and MHD changed up to 9 and 11 mm respectively, resulting in up to 38% and 39% increases of mean doses and V{sub 25.2} for the heart. MHD and D{sub LAD} were positively correlated with mean heart dose and heart dose volume. Respiratory-adapted gated treatment may better spare heart and ipsilateral-lung compared with the conventional non-gated plan in a subset of patients with large D{sub LAD} or MHD variations. Conclusion: Proposed indices offer novel assessment of heart displacement based on 4DCT images. MHD and D{sub LAD} can be used independently or jointly as selection criteria for respiratory gating procedure before treatment planning. Patients with great intrafractional MHD variations or tumor(s) close to the diaphragm may particularly benefit from the gated treatment.

Qi, X. Sharon, E-mail: xiangrong.qi@ucdenver.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Hu, Angela [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Wang Kai [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Newman, Francis [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Crosby, Marcus; Hu Bin; White, Julia; Li, X. Allen [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

X-ray scattering intensities of water at extreme pressure and temperature  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have calculated the coherent x-ray scattering intensity of several phases of water at 1500 and 2000 K under high pressure, using ab initio Density Functional Theory (DFT). Our calculations span the molecular liquid, ice VII, and superionic solid phases, including the recently predicted symmetrically hydrogen bonded region of the superionic phase. We show that wide angle x-ray scattering intensity could be used to determine phase boundaries between these high pressure phases, and we compare the results for ice VII and superionic water. We compute simulated spectra and provide new atomic scattering form factors for water at extreme conditions, which take into account frequently neglected changes in ionic charge and electron delocalization. We show that our modifed atomic form factors allow for a nearly exact comaprison to the total x-ray scattering intensities calculated from DFT. Finally, we analyze the effect our new form factors have on determination of the oxygen-oxygen radial distribution function.

Goldman, N; Fried, L E

2007-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

459

Electrokinetic high pressure hydraulic system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrokinetic high pressure hydraulic pump for manipulating fluids in capillary-based systems. The pump uses electro-osmotic flow to provide a high pressure hydraulic system, having no moving mechanical parts, for pumping and/or compressing fluids, for providing valve means and means for opening and closing valves, for controlling fluid flow rate, and manipulating fluid flow generally and in capillary-based systems (Microsystems), in particular. The compact nature of the inventive high pressure hydraulic pump provides the ability to construct a micro-scale or capillary-based HPLC system that fulfills the desire for small sample quantity, low solvent consumption, improved efficiency, the ability to run samples in parallel, and field portability. Control of pressure and solvent flow rate is achieved by controlling the voltage applied to an electrokinetic pump.

Paul, Phillip H. (Livermore, CA); Rakestraw, David J. (Fremont, CA); Arnold, Don W. (Livermore, CA); Hencken, Kenneth R. (Pleasanton, CA); Schoeniger, Joseph S. (Oakland, CA); Neyer, David W. (Castro Valley, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Low-Pressure Sodium Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Low-pressure sodium lighting provides more energy-efficient outdoor lighting than high-intensity discharge lighting, but it has very poor color rendition. Typical applications include highway and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "radial gates pressure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Low pressure carbonylation of heterocycles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heterocycles, e.g., epoxides, are carbonylated at low pressure with high percentage conversion to cyclic, ring expanded products using the catalyst ##STR00001## where L is tetrahydrofuran (THF).

Coates, Geoffrey W. (Lansing, NY); Kramer, John W. (Mt. Pleasant, MI); Schmidt, Joseph A. R. (Sylvania, OH)

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

462

Low pressure carbonylation of heterocycles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heterocycles, e.g., epoxides, are carbonylated at low pressure with high percentage conversion to cyclic, ring expanded products using the catalyst ##STR00001## where L is tetrahydrofuran (THF).

Coates, Geoffrey W. (Ithaca, NY); Kramer, John (Ithaca, NY)

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

463

Studying Materials Under Extreme Pressure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studying Materials Under Extreme Pressure Studying Materials Under Extreme Pressure Coupling undulator radiation from Advanced Photon Source (APS) beamlines 3-ID and 13-ID to nuclear resonant inelastic scattering techniques, researchers have determined the phonon density of states for iron under pressures up to 153 gigapascals, equivalent to those found at the Earth's core. Image of the Earth's core. Although indirect measurements and theory have, since the early 1950s, produced an informed picture of the structure and composition of the materials that make up the core of the Earth, direct proof and the answers to some intriguing questions remain unanswered. Previously, ultrahigh-pressure experiments using nuclear resonant inelastic scattering have been difficult to carry out due the tiny samples required.

464

High pressure synthesis gas fermentation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The construction of the high pressure gas phase fermentation system has been completed. Photographs of the various components of the system are presented, along with an operating procedure for the equipment.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Improved Off-State Stress Critical Voltage on AlGaN/GaN High Electron Mobility Transistors Utilizing Pt/Ti/Au Based Gate Metallization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The critical voltage for degradation of AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) employed with the Pt/Ti/Au gate metallization instead of the commonly used Ni/Au was significantly increased during the off-state stress. The typical critical voltage for HEMTs with Ni/Au gate metallization was around -60V. By sharp contrast, no critical voltage was observed for the HEMTs with Pt/Ti/Au gate metallization, even up to -100V, which was the instrumental limitation in this experiment. Both Schottky forward and reverse gate characteristics of the Ni/Au degraded once the gate voltage passed the critical voltage of around -60V. There was no degradation exhibited for the HEMTs with Pt-gated HEMTs.

Lo, C. F. [University of Florida; Liu, L. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Kang, Tsung Sheng [University of Florida, Gainesville; Davies, Ryan [University of Florida; Gila, Brent P. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Pearton, S. J. [University of Florida; Kravchenko, Ivan I [ORNL; Laboutin, O. [Kopin Corporation, Taunton, MA; Cao, Yu [Kopin Corporation, Taunton, MA; Johnson, Wayne J. [Kopin Corporation, Taunton, MA; Ren, F. [University of Florida

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Nonlinear Extraction of Independent Components of Natural Images Using Radial Gaussianization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the problem of efficiently encoding a signal by transforming it to a new representation whose components are statistically independent. A widely studied linear solution, known as independent component analysis (ICA), exists for the case when the signal is generated as a linear transformation of independent nongaussian sources. Here, we examine a complementary case, in which the source is nongaussian and elliptically symmetric. In this case, no invertible linear transform suffices to decompose the signal into independent components, but we show that a simple nonlinear transformation, which we call radial gaussianization (RG), is able to remove all dependencies. We then examine this methodology in the context of natural image statistics. We first show that distributions of spatially proximal bandpass filter responses are better described as elliptical than as linearly transformed independent sources. Consistent with this, we demonstrate that the reduction in dependency achieved by applying RG to either nearby pairs or blocks of bandpass filter responses is significantly greater than that achieved by ICA. Finally, we show that the RG transformation may be closely approximated by divisive normalization, which has been used to model the nonlinear response properties of visual neurons.

Siwei Lyu; Eero P. Simoncelli

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Distributed control of reactive power flow in a radial distribution circuit with high photovoltaic penetration  

SciTech Connect

We show how distributed control of reactive power can serve to regulate voltage and minimize resistive losses in a distribution circuit that includes a significant level of photovoltaic (PV) generation. To demonstrate the technique, we consider a radial distribution circuit with a single branch consisting of sequentially-arranged residential-scale loads that consume both real and reactive power. In parallel, some loads also have PV generation capability. We postulate that the inverters associated with each PV system are also capable of limited reactive power generation or consumption, and we seek to find the optimal dispatch of each inverter's reactive power to both maintain the voltage within an acceptable range and minimize the resistive losses over the entire circuit. We assume the complex impedance of the distribution circuit links and the instantaneous load and PV generation at each load are known. We compare the results of the optimal dispatch with a suboptimal local scheme that does not require any communication. On our model distribution circuit, we illustrate the feasibility of high levels of PV penetration and a significant (20% or higher) reduction in losses.

Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Turitsyn, Konstantin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Backhaus, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sule, Petr [NEW MEXICO CONSORTIUM

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Large deviation sum-queue optimality of a radial sum-rate monotone opportunistic scheduler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A centralized wireless system is considered that is serving a fixed set of users with time varying channel capacities. An opportunistic scheduling rule in this context selects a user (or users) to serve based on the current channel state and user queues. Unless the user traffic is symmetric and/or the underlying capacity region a polymatroid, little is known concerning how performance optimal schedulers should tradeoff "maximizing current service rate" (being opportunistic) versus "balancing unequal queues" (enhancing user-diversity to enable future high service rate opportunities). By contrast with currently proposed opportunistic schedulers, e.g., MaxWeight, Exp Rule, a radial sum-rate monotonic (RSM) scheduler de-emphasizes queue-balancing in favor of greedily maximizing the system service rate as the queue-lengths are scaled up linearly. In this paper it is shown that an RSM opportunistic scheduler, p-Log Rule, is not only throughput-optimal, but also maximizes the asymptotic exponential decay rate of the...

Sadiq, Bilal

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Energies and radial distributions of B_s mesons on the lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a follow-up to our earlier work for the energies and the charge (vector) and matter (scalar) distributions for S-wave states in a heavy-light meson, where the heavy quark is static and the light quark has a mass about that of the strange quark. We now study excited states of these mesons with higher angular momentum and with radial nodes. The calculation is carried out with dynamical fermions on a 16^3 times 32 lattice with a lattice spacing approximately 0.10 fm. The lattice configurations were generated by the UKQCD Collaboration. Attempts are now being made to understand these results in terms of the Dirac equation. In nature the closest equivalent of this heavy-light system is the B_s meson, which allows us to compare our lattice calculations to experimental results (where available) or give a prediction where the P-wave states should lie. We pay particular attention to the spin-orbit splitting, to see which one of the states (for a given angular momentum L) has the lower energy.

J. Koponen

2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

470

Energies and radial distributions of B_s mesons - the effect of hypercubic blocking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a follow-up to our earlier work for the energies and the charge (vector) and matter (scalar) distributions for S-wave states in a heavy-light meson, where the heavy quark is static and the light quark has a mass about that of the strange quark. We study the radial distributions of higher angular momentum states, namely P- and D-wave states, using a "fuzzy" static quark. A new improvement is the use of hypercubic blocking in the time direction, which effectively constrains the heavy quark to move within a 2a hypercube (a is the lattice spacing). The calculation is carried out with dynamical fermions on a 16^3 times 32 lattice with a lattice spacing approximately 0.10 fm generated using the non-perturbatively improved clover action. The configurations were generated by the UKQCD Collaboration using lattice action parameters beta = 5.2, c_SW = 2.0171 and kappa = 0.1350. In nature the closest equivalent of this heavy-light system is the B_s meson. Attempts are now being made to understand these results in terms of the Dirac equation.

UKQCD Collaboration; J. Koponen

2007-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

471

Distributed control of reactive power flow in a radial distribution circuit with high photovoltaic penetration  

SciTech Connect

We show how distributed control of reactive power can serve to regulate voltage and minimize resistive losses in a distribution circuit that includes a significant level of photovoltaic (PV) generation. To demonstrate the technique, we consider a radial distribution circuit with a single branch consisting of sequentially-arranged residential-scale loads that consume both real and reactive power. In parallel, some loads also have PV generation capability. We postulate that the inverters associated with each PV system are also capable of limited reactive power generation or consumption, and we seek to find the optimal dispatch of each inverter's reactive power to both maintain the voltage within an acceptable range and minimize the resistive losses over the entire circuit. We assume the complex impedance of the distribution circuit links and the instantaneous load and PV generation at each load are known. We compare the results of the optimal dispatch with a suboptimal local scheme that does not require any communication. On our model distribution circuit, we illustrate the feasibility of high levels of PV penetration and a significant (20% or higher) reduction in losses.

Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Turitsyn, Konstantin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Backhaus, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sule, Petr [NEW MEXICO CONSORTIUM

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Evaluation of hydrogen and ammonia gas mixtures with the suspended- gate field-effect transistor sensor array  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Generation of hydrogen represents a severe industrial hazard primarily because the mixture of hydrogen with air in the ratio 4.0--74.2 vol % is explosive. In some industrial applications, such as waste remediation, hydrogen, as a product of radiolysis and corrosion, occurs in the presence of ammonia, nitrous oxide, water vapor and other molecules. A low cost, reliable method for monitoring these gaseous mixtures is essential. Palladium-based layers have been used successfully as hydrogen sensitive layers in several potentiometric sensors for many years. Since the sensing mechanism is based on the catalytic decomposition of hydrogen molecules, other hydrogen-bearing gases can also produce a response. From this viewpoint, using an array of sensing elements with catalytic and noncatalytic chemically selective layers in these applications can be highly effective. Moreover, integration of this array on a single chip can be routinely achieved. The Suspended Gate Field-Effect Transistor (SGFET) is microfabricated in silicon. The metal gate of the transistor is separated from the substrate by an air gap. The chemically sensitive layer is electrodeposited on the bottom of the suspended gate. Chemical species can penetrate into the gate area and interact with the sensing layer. This interaction modulates the work function of the layer. The change in the work function results in the shift of the transistor threshold voltage. The measured threshold voltage shift is a function of the gas concentration in the sensor vicinity. By passing a small current through the suspended gate, it is possible to control the operating temperature of the sensing layer (up to 200{degrees}C) and, therefore, to modulate the sensor sensitivity, selectivity, response and recovery times. Due to the very low thermal mass, the heat is localized on the gate so that many devices can be operated on a single chip, each with the gate at different temperature.

Domansky, K.; Li, H.S.; Josowicz, M.; Janata, J.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Patient radiation dose in prospectively gated axial CT coronary angiography and retrospectively gated helical technique with a 320-detector row CT scanner  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate radiation dose to patients undergoing computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) for prospectively gated axial (PGA) technique and retrospectively gated helical (RGH) technique. Methods: Radiation doses were measured for a 320-detector row CT scanner (Toshiba Aquilion ONE) using small sized silicon-photodiode dosimeters, which were implanted at various tissue and organ positions within an anthropomorphic phantom for a standard Japanese adult male. Output signals from photodiode dosimeters were read out on a personal computer, from which organ and effective doses were computed according to guidelines published in the International Commission on Radiological Protection Publication 103. Results: Organs that received high doses were breast, followed by lung, esophagus, and liver. Breast doses obtained with PGA technique and a phase window width of 16% at a simulated heart rate of 60 beats per minute were 13 mGy compared to 53 mGy with RGH technique using electrocardiographically dependent dose modulation at the same phase window width as that in PGA technique. Effective doses obtained in this case were 4.7 and 20 mSv for the PGA and RGH techniques, respectively. Conversion factors of dose length product to the effective dose in PGA and RGH were 0.022 and 0.025 mSv mGy{sup -1} cm{sup -1} with a scan length of 140 mm. Conclusions: CTCA performed with PGA technique provided a substantial effective dose reduction, i.e., 70%-76%, compared to RGH technique using the dose modulation at the same phase windows as those in PGA technique. Though radiation doses in CTCA with RGH technique were the same level as, or some higher than, those in conventional coronary angiography (CCA), the use of PGA technique reduced organ and effective doses to levels less than CCA except for breast dose.

Seguchi, Shigenobu; Aoyama, Takahiko; Koyama, Shuji; Fujii, Keisuke; Yamauchi-Kawaura, Chiyo [Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Daikominami, Higashi-ku, Nagoya 461-8673 (Japan) and Department of Medical Technology, Nagoya Daini Red Cross Hospital, Myouken-chou, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8650 (Japan); Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Daikominami, Higashi-ku, Nagoya 461-8673 (Japan); Section of Radiological Protection, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Daikominami, Higashi-ku, Nagoya 461-8673 (Japan)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

474