National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for rack bulk download

  1. Donald R. Rack- Biography

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Don Rack has nearly 30 years' experience in the nuclear industry in both nuclear facility operations and oversight. He served for over 8 years in the U.S. Navy specializing in reactor plant operation, control system maintenance, and radiological controls.

  2. Integrated shipping and installation racking

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, Jr., Richard L; Russell, Richard J; Turk, Michael F

    2015-03-17

    The present invention relates to an adjustable racking system for transporting and mounting one or more solar panels to, for example, a rooftop.

  3. Rack protection monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Orr, Stanley G. (Wheaton, IL)

    2000-01-01

    A hardwired, fail-safe rack protection monitor utilizes electromechanical relays to respond to the detection by condition sensors of abnormal or alarm conditions (such as smoke, temperature, wind or water) that might adversely affect or damage equipment being protected. When the monitor is reset, the monitor is in a detection mode with first and second alarm relay coils energized. If one of the condition sensors detects an abnormal condition, the first alarm relay coil will be de-energized, but the second alarm relay coil will remain energized. This results in both a visual and an audible alarm being activated. If a second alarm condition is detected by another one of the condition sensors while the first condition sensor is still detecting the first alarm condition, both the first alarm relay coil and the second alarm relay coil will be de-energized. With both the first and second alarm relay coils de-energized, both a visual and an audible alarm will be activated. In addition, power to the protected equipment will be terminated and an alarm signal will be transmitted to an alarm central control. The monitor can be housed in a separate enclosure so as to provide an interface between a power supply for the protected equipment and the protected equipment.

  4. Rack Protection Monitor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orr, Stanley G.

    1998-10-21

    A hardwired, fail-safe rack protection monitor utilizes electromechanical relays to respond to the detection by condition sensors of abnormal or alarm conditions (such as smoke, temperature, wind or water) that might adversely affect or damage equipment being protected. When the monitor is reset, the monitor is in a detection mode with first and second alarm relay coils energized. If one of the condition sensors detects an abnormal condition, the first alarm relay coil will be de-energized, but the second alarm relay coil will remain energized. This results in both a visual and an audible alarm being activated. If a second alarm condition is detected by another one of the condition sensors while the first condition sensor is still detecting the first alarm condition, both the first alarm relay coil and the second alarm relay coil will be de-energized. With both the first and second alarm relay coils de-energized, both a visual and an audible alarm will be activated. In addition, power to the protected equipment will be terminated and an alarm signal will be transmitted to an alarm central control. The monitor can be housed in a separate enclosure so as to provide an interface between a power supply for the protected equipment and the protected equipment.

  5. Rack assembly for mounting solar modules

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Plaisted, Joshua Reed (Oakland, CA); West, Brian (San Francisco, CA)

    2010-12-28

    A rack assembly is provided for mounting solar modules over an underlying body. The rack assembly may include a plurality of rail structures that are arrangeable over the underlying body to form an overall perimeter for the rack assembly. One or more retention structures may be provided with the plurality of rail structures, where each retention structure is configured to support one or more solar modules at a given height above the underlying body. At least some of the plurality of rail structures are adapted to enable individual rail structures o be sealed over the underlying body so as to constrain air flow underneath the solar modules. Additionally, at least one of (i) one or more of the rail structures, or (ii) the one or more retention structures are adjustable so as to adapt the rack assembly to accommodate solar modules of varying forms or dimensions.

  6. Rack assembly for mounting solar modules

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Plaisted, Joshua Reed; West, Brian

    2012-09-04

    A rack assembly is provided for mounting solar modules over an underlying body. The rack assembly may include a plurality of rail structures that are arrangeable over the underlying body to form an overall perimeter for the rack assembly. One or more retention structures may be provided with the plurality of rail structures, where each retention structure is configured to support one or more solar modules at a given height above the underlying body. At least some of the plurality of rail structures are adapted to enable individual rail structures to be sealed over the underlying body so as to constrain air flow underneath the solar modules. Additionally, at least one of (i) one or more of the rail structures, or (ii) the one or more retention structures are adjustable so as to adapt the rack assembly to accommodate solar modules of varying forms or dimensions.

  7. Furniture Rack Corrosion Coupon Surveillance - 2012 Update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mickalonis, J. I.; Murphy, T. R.; Berry, C. J.

    2012-10-01

    Under the L Basin corrosion surveillance program furniture rack coupons immersed for 14 years (FY2009 coupons) and 16 years (FY2011 coupons) were analyzed and the results trended with coupons exposed for shorter times. In addition, a section harvested from an actual furniture rack that was immersed for 14 years was analyzed for pitting in the weld and heat-affected-zone (HAZ) regions. The L Basin operations maintained very good water quality over the entire immersion period for these samples. These results for FY2009 and FY2011 coupons showed that the average pit depths for the 6061 and 6063 base metal are 1 and 2 mils, respectively, while those for the weld and HAZ are 3 and 4 mils, respectively. The results for the weld and HAZ regions are similar to coupons removed during the period of FY2003 to FY2007. These similarities indicate that the pit development occurred quickly followed by slow kinetics of increase in pit depth. For the actual furniture rack sample average pits of 5 and 2 mils were measured for the HAZ and weld, respectively. These results demonstrate that pitting corrosion of the aluminum furniture racks used to support the spent fuel occurs in waters of good quality. The corrosion kinetics or pit depth growth rate is much less that 1 mil/year, and would not impact long-term use of this material system for fuel storage racks in L Basin if good water quality is maintained.

  8. Fail-safe storage rack for irradiated fuel rod assemblies

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lewis, D.R.

    1993-03-23

    A fail-safe storage rack is provided for interim storage of spent but radioactive nuclear fuel rod assemblies. The rack consists of a checkerboard array of substantially square, elongate receiving tubes fully enclosed by a double walled container, the outer wall of which is imperforate for liquid containment and the inner wall of which is provided with perforations for admitting moderator liquid flow to the elongate receiving tubes, the liquid serving to take up waste heat from the stored nuclear assemblies and dissipate same to the ambient liquid reservoir. A perforated cover sealing the rack facilitates cooling liquid entry and dissipation.

  9. Project Profile: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A 2010 Rocky Mountain Institute report estimated that structural systems alone cost about $0.95 per watt for rooftop installations. Cascade is developing a plastic-based photovoltaic (PV) racking...

  10. Involvement of Arabidopsis RACK1 in Protein Translation and Its Regulation by Abscisic Acid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Jianjun [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Wang, Shucai [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Valerius, Oliver [Universitaet Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany; Hall, Hardy [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Zeng, Qingning [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Li, Jian-Feng [Harvard University; Weston, David [ORNL; Ellis, Brian [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Chen, Jay [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    Earlier studies have shown that RACK1 functions as a negative regulator of ABA responses in Arabidopsis, but the molecular mechanism of the action of RACK1 in these processes remains elusive. Global gene expression profiling revealed that approximately 40% of the genes affected by ABA treatment were affected in a similar manner by the rack1 mutation, supporting the view that RACK1 is an important regulator of ABA responses. On the other hand, co-expression analysis revealed that >80% of the genes co-expressed with RACK1 encode ribosome proteins, implying a close relationship between RACK1 s function and the ribosome complex. These results implied that the regulatory role for RACK1 in ABA responses may be partially due to its putative function in protein translation, which is one of the major cellular processes that mammalian and yeast RACK1 is involved in. Consistently, all three Arabidopsis RACK1 homologous genes, namely RACK1A, RACK1B and RACK1C, complemented the growth defects of the S. cerevisiae cpc2/rack1 mutant. In addition, RACK1 physically interacts with Arabidopsis Eukaryotic Initiation Factor 6 (eIF6), whose mammalian homologue is a key regulator of 80S ribosome assembly. Moreover, rack1 mutants displayed hypersensitivity to anisomycin, an inhibitor of protein translation, and displayed characteristics of impaired 80S functional ribosome assembly and 60S ribosomal subunit biogenesis in a ribosome profiling assay. Gene expression analysis revealed that ABA inhibits the expression of both RACK1 and eIF6. Taken together, these results suggest that RACK1 may be required for normal production of 60S and 80S ribosomes and that its action in these processes may be regulated by ABA.

  11. The Effect of Slope in the Casimir Rack Gear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuliya Voronina; Petr Silaev

    2013-09-17

    The effect of slope for the rack gear in the massless scalar field model is considered. It appears, that the slope of profile surfaces can essentially change the value of normal Casimir force, whereas average value of tangential force remains almost unchanged. At the same time we observe essential shift of maximum and minimum tangential force positions.

  12. BICYCLE WARNING Bicycles must be parked in bicycle racks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    BICYCLE WARNING Bicycles must be parked in bicycle racks They are not to be locked to or leaned responsibilities of University employees. Bicycles found in violation are subject to ticketing and/or impoundment YOUR BICYCLE Fill the bike lock as much as possible This helps to prevent theft as tools are difficult

  13. Download App (Android & IPhone)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Download App (Android & IPhone) Photo credit: Dolphin Ecology Project LOC 911-1722 SEE & ID & Whale 911 Download App (Android & IPhone) Scan for More info! Photo credit: Hubbs-SeaWorld Research

  14. Performance Evaluation for Modular, Scalable Liquid-Rack Cooling Systems in Data Centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, TengFang

    2009-01-01

    3. Modius OpenData ® Data Center infrastructure Manager,Rack Cooling Systems in Data Centers Final Report To TheDATA CENTERS ..

  15. Downloads & Patient Materials - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Health Education & Wellness > Downloads & Patient Materials Health Education & Wellness Downloads & Patient Materials Ergonomics Fitness & Exercise Men's Health Nutrition Health &...

  16. Downloads | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HAB PacketDieselAbsorption Techniques | StanfordDougHybridDownloads

  17. Downloads | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HAB PacketDieselAbsorption Techniques | StanfordDougHybridDownloadsNews

  18. Downloads | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sector FullDOE Office10 Jan 2005 toDownloads Topic

  19. Downloads | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sector FullDOE Office10 Jan 2005 toDownloads

  20. Downloads | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sector FullDOE Office10 Jan 2005 toDownloads Press

  1. Downloads | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sector FullDOE Office10 Jan 2005 toDownloads

  2. Downloads | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sector FullDOE Office10 Jan 2005Downloads Topic -

  3. Downloads | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sector FullDOE Office10 Jan 2005Downloads Topic

  4. Downloads | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sector FullDOE Office10 Jan 2005Downloads

  5. Rack Aware Scheduling in HPC data centers An energy conservation strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhary, Vipin

    Rack Aware Scheduling in HPC data centers An energy conservation strategy Vikas Ashok Patil centers has become a long standing issue. With rising costs of operating the data center, various of the data center. We show that we can gain considerable energy savings by reducing the energy consumed

  6. Three-dimensional microelectromechanical tilting platform operated by gear-driven racks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klody, Kelly A.; Habbit, Jr., Robert D.

    2005-11-01

    A microelectromechanical (MEM) tiltable-platform apparatus is disclosed which utilizes a light-reflective platform (i.e. a micromirror) which is supported above a substrate by flexures which can be bent upwards to tilt the platform in any direction over an angle of generally .+-.10 degrees using a gear-driven rack attached to each flexure. Each rack is driven by a rotary microengine (i.e. a micromotor); and an optional thermal actuator can be used in combination with each microengine for initially an initial uplifting of the platform away from the substrate. The MEM apparatus has applications for optical switching (e.g. between a pair of optical fibers) or for optical beam scanning.

  7. Rotary bulk solids divider

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maronde, Carl P. (McMurray, PA); Killmeyer, Jr., Richard P. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1992-01-01

    An apparatus for the disbursement of a bulk solid sample comprising, a gravity hopper having a top open end and a bottom discharge end, a feeder positioned beneath the gravity hopper so as to receive a bulk solid sample flowing from the bottom discharge end, and a conveyor receiving the bulk solid sample from the feeder and rotating on an axis that allows the bulk solid sample to disperse the sample to a collection station.

  8. Fluctuation of the download network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. D. Han; J. G. Liu; Y. G. Ma

    2008-02-01

    The scaling behavior of fluctuation for a download network which we have investigated a few years ago based upon Zhang's Encophysics web page has been presented. A power law scaling, namely $\\sigma \\sim ^ \\alpha $ exists between the dispersion $\\sigma$ and average flux $$ of the download rates. The fluctuation exponent $\\alpha$ is neither 1/2 nor 1 which was claimed as two universal fluctuation classes in previous publication, instead it varies from 1/2 to 1 with the time window in which the download data were accumulated. The crossover behavior of fluctuation exponents can be qualitatively understood by the external driving fluctuation model for a small-size system or a network traffic model which suggests congestion as the origin.

  9. PSM-throttling: Minimizing Energy Consumption for Bulk Data Communications in WLANs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Songqing

    PSM-throttling: Minimizing Energy Consumption for Bulk Data Communications in WLANs Enhua Tan1, Lei saving mode (PSM) and its enhancements can reduce power consumption by putting the wireless network/downloading servers. We propose an application-independent protocol, called PSM-throttling. With a quick detection

  10. Download Grid Data to Excel Step-by-Step Procedure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cafarella, Michael J.

    /13/2010 Download Grid Data to Excel Overview Data grids that display a Download button can be saved Browser Security 4 Download Grid Data to Excel Detail Trans Page 1. Click Download . Notes: To save to Excel Step-by-Step Procedure 2 of 5 Last updated: 5/13/2010 File Download Page Saving the File 2. Click

  11. Energy Performance Testing of Asetek's RackCDU System at NREL's High Performance Computing Data Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sickinger, D.; Van Geet, O.; Ravenscroft, C.

    2014-11-01

    In this study, we report on the first tests of Asetek's RackCDU direct-to-chip liquid cooling system for servers at NREL's ESIF data center. The system was simple to install on the existing servers and integrated directly into the data center's existing hydronics system. The focus of this study was to explore the total cooling energy savings and potential for waste-heat recovery of this warm-water liquid cooling system. RackCDU captured up to 64% of server heat into the liquid stream at an outlet temperature of 89 degrees F, and 48% at outlet temperatures approaching 100 degrees F. This system was designed to capture heat from the CPUs only, indicating a potential for increased heat capture if memory cooling was included. Reduced temperatures inside the servers caused all fans to reduce power to the lowest possible BIOS setting, indicating further energy savings potential if additional fan control is included. Preliminary studies manually reducing fan speed (and even removing fans) validated this potential savings but could not be optimized for these working servers. The Asetek direct-to-chip liquid cooling system has been in operation with users for 16 months with no necessary maintenance and no leaks.

  12. Downloads: August 6-8, 2013 National Veterans Small Business...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Downloads: August 6-8, 2013 National Veterans Small Business Conference Download materials from the August 6-8, 2013 - National Veterans Small Business Conference, in St....

  13. Walleye dermal sarcoma virus Orf B functions through receptor for activated C kinase (RACK1) and protein kinase C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniels, Candelaria C.; Rovnak, Joel [Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (United States); Quackenbush, Sandra L. [Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (United States)], E-mail: sandra.quackenbush@colostate.edu

    2008-06-05

    Walleye dermal sarcoma virus is a complex retrovirus that is associated with walleye dermal sarcomas that are seasonal in nature. Fall developing tumors contain low levels of spliced accessory gene transcripts A and B, suggesting a role for the encoded proteins, Orf A and Orf B, in oncogenesis. In explanted tumor cells the 35 kDa Orf B accessory protein is localized to the cell periphery in structures similar to focal adhesions and along actin stress fibers. Similar localization was observed in mammalian cells. The cellular protein, receptor for activated C kinase 1 (RACK1), bound Orf B in yeast two-hybrid assays and in cell culture. Sequence analysis of walleye RACK1 demonstrated high conservation to other known RACK1 sequences. RACK1 binds to activated protein kinase C (PKC). Orf B associates with PKC{alpha}, which is constitutively activated and localized at the membrane. Activated PKC promoted cell survival, proliferation, and increased cell viability in Orf B-expressing cells.

  14. OpenEI Community - download

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart Grid Data available for download onst,/0 en BigArtby

  15. This content has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text. Download details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jegelka, Stefanie

    This content has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text. Download details: This content was downloaded by: jzsch IP Address: 141.5.17.110 This content was downloaded on 05 variability in gross primary production View the table of contents for this issue, or go to the journal

  16. Performance Evaluation for Modular, Scalable Liquid-Rack Cooling Systems in Data Centers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, TengFang

    2009-05-01

    Scientific and enterprise data centers, IT equipment product development, and research data center laboratories typically require continuous cooling to control inlet air temperatures within recommended operating levels for the IT equipment. The consolidation and higher density aggregation of slim computing, storage and networking hardware has resulted in higher power density than what the raised-floor system design, coupled with commonly used computer rack air conditioning (CRAC) units, was originally conceived to handle. Many existing data centers and newly constructed data centers adopt CRAC units, which inherently handle heat transfer within data centers via air as the heat transfer media. This results in energy performance of the ventilation and cooling systems being less than optimal. Understanding the current trends toward higher power density in IT computing, more and more IT equipment manufacturers are designing their equipment to operate in 'conventional' data center environments, while considering provisions of alternative cooling solutions to either their equipment or supplemental cooling in rack or row systems. In the meanwhile, the trend toward higher power density resulting from current and future generations of servers has created significant opportunities for precision cooling suppliers to engineer and manufacture packaged modular and scalable systems. The modular and scalable cooling systems aim at significantly improving efficiency while addressing the thermal challenges, improving reliability, and allowing for future needs and growth. Such pre-engineered and manufactured systems may be a significant improvement over current design; however, without an energy efficiency focus, their applications could also lead to even lower energy efficiencies in the overall data center infrastructure. The overall goal of the project supported by California Energy Commission was to characterize four commercially available, modular cooling systems installed in a data center. Such modular cooling systems are all scalable localized units, and will be evaluated in terms of their operating energy efficiency in a real data center, respectively, as compared to the energy efficiency of traditional legacy data center cooling systems. The technical objective of this project was to evaluate the energy performance of one of the four commercially available modular cooling systems installed in a data center in Sun Microsystems, Inc. This report is the result of a test plan that was developed with the industrial participants input, including specific design and operating characteristics of the selected modular localized cooling solution provided by vendor 3. The technical evaluation included monitoring and measurement of selected parameters, and establishing and calculating energy efficiency metrics for the selected cooling product, which is a modular, scalable liquid-rack cooling system in this study. The scope is to quantify energy performance of the modular cooling unit in operation as it corresponds to a combination of varied server loads and inlet air temperatures, under various chilled-water supply temperatures. The information generated from this testing when combined with documented energy efficiency of the host data center's central chilled water cooling plant can be used to estimate potential energy savings from implementing modular cooling compared to conventional cooling in data centers.

  17. Download

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-06-11

    structure of graphs more compactly and therefore obtain (well-)readable drawings ...... scheduling [23], assessment of corruption perception [1] and ranking in sports ...... pores 1. 30. 0.236. 383. 383. 29.9. 351.02. 15340. 383. 286.5 ibm32. 32.

  18. Download

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-08

    Jan 8, 2008 ... a user type is a commodity and one talks of supply and demand nodes ... for the linear function, with a relative optimality gap less than 10?5.

  19. Download

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-06-09

    there are multiple supply nodes and demand nodes for each commodity. Finding ...... The standard termination criterion is a small enough relative optimality gap:.

  20. Downloadable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-09-24

    Sep 24, 2012 ... Hence, as soon as an SVM library or any routine for ... approach yields comparable results, in terms of classification accuracy, against ad-hoc.

  1. Download

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-10-20

    Oct 20, 2003 ... dimensional potential energy function V (x1,...,xN ), where xi ... In the following, we discuss complete methods for finding the global minimizer(s) of an ..... DIRECT is based on branching and a Pareto principle for ...... unavoidable, but Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction techniques (Neumaier [243] might prove.

  2. Download

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-04-15

    A conic integer program is an integer programming problem with conic constraints. Many problems in finance, engineering, statistical learning, and probabilistic .... Here Ai, Gi, b are rational matrices with mi rows, and c, r, di,ei are rational row.

  3. Scale-free download network for publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. D. Han; J. G. Liu; Y. G. Ma; X. Z. Cai; W. Q. Shen

    2004-05-19

    The scale-free power-law behavior of the statistics of the download frequency of publications has been, for the first time, reported. The data of the download frequency of publications are taken from a well-constructed web page in the field of economic physics (http://www.unifr.ch/econophysics/). The Zipf-law analysis and the Tsallis entropy method were used to fit the download frequency. It was found that the power-law exponent of rank-ordered frequency distribution is $\\gamma \\sim 0.38 \\pm 0.04$ which is consistent with the power-law exponent $\\alpha \\sim 3.37 \\pm 0.45$ for the cumulated frequency distributions. Preferential attachment model of Barabasi and Albert network has been used to explain the download network.

  4. This content has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text. Download details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    This content has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text. Download details: IP Address: 129.104.29.1 This content was downloaded on 07/07/2014 at 14:43 Please note drop View the table of contents for this issue, or go to the journal homepage for more 2009 New J. Phys

  5. Commercialization of Bulk Thermoelectric Materials for Power...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Commercialization of Bulk Thermoelectric Materials for Power Generation Commercialization of Bulk Thermoelectric Materials for Power Generation Critical aspects of technology...

  6. Standard specification for boron-Based neutron absorbing material systems for use in nuclear spent fuel storage racks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2011-01-01

    1.1 This specification defines criteria for boron-based neutron absorbing material systems used in racks in a pool environment for storage of nuclear light water reactor (LWR) spent-fuel assemblies or disassembled components to maintain sub-criticality in the storage rack system. 1.2 Boron-based neutron absorbing material systems normally consist of metallic boron or a chemical compound containing boron (for example, boron carbide, B4C) supported by a matrix of aluminum, steel, or other materials. 1.3 In a boron-based absorber, neutron absorption occurs primarily by the boron-10 isotope that is present in natural boron to the extent of 18.3 ± 0.2 % by weight (depending upon the geological origin of the boron). Boron, enriched in boron-10 could also be used. 1.4 The materials systems described herein shall be functional – that is always be capable to maintain a B10 areal density such that subcriticality Keff design specification for the service...

  7. Modelling of bulk superconductor magnetization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ainslie, M. D.; Fujishiro, H.

    2015-03-30

    the physical mechanisms of their magnetization, to assist in interpretation of experimental results, and to predict the performance of practical bulk superconductor-based devices, which is particularly important as many superconducting applications head towards...

  8. Download the Final Agenda | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8,Department of2 Federal Register /1 DOE HydrogenDownload the

  9. Recent Device Developments with Advanced Bulk Thermoelectric...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    with Advanced Bulk Thermoelectric Materials at RTI Reviews work in engineered thin-film nanoscale thermoelectric materials and nano-bulk materials with high ZT undertaken by...

  10. INVESTIGATION OF BULK POWER MIDWEST REGION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    INVESTIGATION OF BULK POWER MARKETS MIDWEST REGION November 1, 2000 The analyses and conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11 1. Bulk Power Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24 D. Retail Access

  11. Thermoelectric Bulk Materials from the Explosive Consolidation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bulk Materials from the Explosive Consolidation of Nanopowders Thermoelectric Bulk Materials from the Explosive Consolidation of Nanopowders Describes technique of explosively...

  12. INVESTIGATION OF BULK POWER ERCOT (Texas)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    INVESTIGATION OF BULK POWER MARKETS ERCOT (Texas) November 1, 2000 The analyses and conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4 D. The New Wholesale Market and the Move Toward Retail Choice . . . . . . . . . . 4-6 3-8 A. The Bulk Power Transmission System

  13. Download/Export Wimba Recordings Please see the instructions below on how to download/export Wimba recordings. If you need any

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaucher, Eric

    1 Download/Export Wimba Recordings Please see the instructions below on how to download/export and MP4 allows you to download both audio and video contents of the archive in .mp4 format. Export board /voice podcast you want to export. 5. Select Export on the top menu bar. You have the option

  14. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of Washington-Tacoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of Washington-Tacoma] On ISSN: 0737-0024 print / 1532-7051 online DOI: 10.1080/07370020802016399 DownloadedBy:[UniversityofWashington-Tacoma

  15. Li3PX4: Bulk and Surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holzwarth, Natalie

    show considerable promise for advancing battery technology · Improved safety characteristics · Allow properties are: · Stability · Inteface stability · Ionic Conductivity Tesla Model S #12;Li3PX4: Bulk

  16. Nanostructured High Temperature Bulk Thermoelectric Energy Conversion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    stage expected to show a 5% fuel efficiency improvement in vehicle platform under US06 drive cycle caylor.pdf More Documents & Publications Nanostructured High-Temperature Bulk...

  17. Installation Metered Rack Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Hemmen, J. Leo

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Please recycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Install the PDU interface on the PDU shows the aggregate current being used by the PDU and its attached devices. An alarm occurs if the aggregate current is above the high threshold value or below the low threshold value

  18. Premelting at Defects Within Bulk Colloidal Crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collings, Peter

    Premelting at Defects Within Bulk Colloidal Crystals A. M. Alsayed,1 M. F. Islam,1 J. Zhang,1 P. J at grain boundaries and dislocations within bulk colloidal crystals using real- time video microscopy. The crystals are equilibrium close-packed, three- dimensional colloidal structures made from thermally

  19. Bulk equations of motion from CFT correlators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Kabat; Gilad Lifschytz

    2015-07-27

    To O(1/N) we derive, purely from CFT data, the bulk equations of motion for interacting scalar fields and for scalars coupled to gauge fields and gravity. We first uplift CFT operators to mimic local AdS fields by imposing bulk microcausality. This requires adding an infinite tower of smeared higher-dimension double-trace operators to the CFT definition of a bulk field, with coefficients that we explicitly compute. By summing the contribution of the higher-dimension operators we derive the equations of motion satisfied by these uplifted CFT operators and show that we precisely recover the expected bulk equations of motion. We exhibit the freedom in the CFT construction which corresponds to bulk field redefinitions.

  20. Bulk equations of motion from CFT correlators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabat, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    To O(1/N) we derive, purely from CFT data, the bulk equations of motion for interacting scalar fields and for scalars coupled to gauge fields and gravity. We first uplift CFT operators to mimic local AdS fields by imposing bulk microcausality. This requires adding an infinite tower of smeared higher-dimension double-trace operators to the CFT definition of a bulk field, with coefficients that we explicitly compute. By summing the contribution of the higher-dimension operators we derive the equations of motion satisfied by these uplifted CFT operators and show that we precisely recover the expected bulk equations of motion. We exhibit the freedom in the CFT construction which corresponds to bulk field redefinitions.

  1. The Bulk Viscosity of a Pion Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egang Lu; Guy D. Moore

    2011-01-31

    We compute the bulk viscosity of a gas of pions at temperatures below the QCD crossover temperature, for the physical value of pion mass, to lowest order in chiral perturbation theory. Bulk viscosity is controlled by number-changing processes which become exponentially slow at low temperatures when the pions become exponentially dilute, leading to an exponentially large bulk viscosity zeta ~ (F_0^8/m_\\pi^5) exp(2m_\\pi/T), where F_0 = 93 MeV is the pion decay constant.

  2. Title: Alberta Geological Survey GIS Downloads Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Alberta Geological Survey GIS Downloads Data Creator / Copyright Owner: Alberta Geological Survey Publisher: Alberta Geological Survey Edition: N/A Versions: N/A Publication Date: N/A Coverage Date(s): N/A Updates: N/A Abstract: Dataset contains geological information for the province of Alberta

  3. Downloading Hidden Web Content Alexandros Ntoulas Petros Zerfos Junghoo Cho

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Junghoo "John"

    in order to access the pages from certain Web sites. These pages are often referred to as the Hidden Web or the Deep Web. Since there are no static links to the Hidden Web pages, search engines cannot discover autonomously discover and download pages from the Hidden Web. Since the only "entry point" to a Hidden Web site

  4. UTS: Library Downloading an eBook into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    and install the Mac or PC version on your computer. Please note the public computers in the Library do on public library computers. 3- Select the loan length and select the format desired if the optionUTS: Library Downloading an eBook into Adobe Digital Editions February 2015 #12;Adobe Digital

  5. Summary - Demonstration Bulk Vitrification System (DBVS) for...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of the Demonstration Bulk Vitrification System (DBVS) for Low Activity Waste (LAW) at Hanford Why DOE-EM Did This Review The Department of Energy (DOE) is charged with the safe...

  6. 2009 Carb Sequestration Workshop Presentations for Download (zipped) 1. Click on Title to go to presentations and download.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniels, Jeffrey J.

    Laboratory Geochemical Tools for Monitoring Geologic Carbon Sequestration, (David Cole, ORNL) Andre Duguid-surface carbon sequestration T.S. Ramakrishnan (Jim Johnson, speaker) Schlumberger Capacity and Injectivity2009 Carb Sequestration Workshop Presentations for Download (zipped) 1. Click on Title to go

  7. This content has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text. Download details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daw, Murray S.

    -0393/23/4/045002) Home Search Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscience #12;1 Modelling and Simulation, Clemson, SC 29634, USA E-mail: daw@clemson.edu Received 24 October 2014, revised 10 February 2015 Accepted-source software and can be downloaded from the website http://jazz.sourceforge.net/. Keywords: vibrational mode

  8. The influence of molecular orientation on organic bulk heterojunction...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The influence of molecular orientation on organic bulk heterojunction solar cells The influence of molecular orientation on organic bulk heterojunction solar cells Print Monday, 28...

  9. THRESHOLD RADIOACTIVITY FOR BULK FOOD SAMPLES BY GAMMA SPECTROSCOPY...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    THRESHOLD RADIOACTIVITY FOR BULK FOOD SAMPLES BY GAMMA SPECTROSCOPY Citation Details In-Document Search Title: THRESHOLD RADIOACTIVITY FOR BULK FOOD SAMPLES BY GAMMA SPECTROSCOPY...

  10. Light-Emitting Diodes on Semipolar Bulk Gallium Nitride Substrate...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Light-Emitting Diodes on Semipolar Bulk Gallium Nitride Substrate Light-Emitting Diodes on Semipolar Bulk Gallium Nitride Substrate Presenter: Arpan Chakraborty, Soraa Inc. This...

  11. Nanostructured High-Temperature Bulk Thermoelectric Energy Conversion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High-Temperature Bulk Thermoelectric Energy Conversion for Efficient Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Nanostructured High-Temperature Bulk Thermoelectric Energy Conversion for...

  12. High Heat Flux Thermoelectric Module Using Standard Bulk Material...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Heat Flux Thermoelectric Module Using Standard Bulk Material High Heat Flux Thermoelectric Module Using Standard Bulk Material Presents high heat flux thermoelectric module design...

  13. Micro benchtop optics by bulk silicon micromachining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Pocha, Michael D. (Livermore, CA); McConaghy, Charles F. (Livermore, CA); Deri, Robert J. (Pleasanton, CA)

    2000-01-01

    Micromachining of bulk silicon utilizing the parallel etching characteristics of bulk silicon and integrating the parallel etch planes of silicon with silicon wafer bonding and impurity doping, enables the fabrication of on-chip optics with in situ aligned etched grooves for optical fibers, micro-lenses, photodiodes, and laser diodes. Other optical components that can be microfabricated and integrated include semi-transparent beam splitters, micro-optical scanners, pinholes, optical gratings, micro-optical filters, etc. Micromachining of bulk silicon utilizing the parallel etching characteristics thereof can be utilized to develop miniaturization of bio-instrumentation such as wavelength monitoring by fluorescence spectrometers, and other miniaturized optical systems such as Fabry-Perot interferometry for filtering of wavelengths, tunable cavity lasers, micro-holography modules, and wavelength splitters for optical communication systems.

  14. Thermal relics in cosmology with bulk viscosity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Iorio; G. Lambiase

    2014-11-28

    In this paper we discuss some consequences of cosmological models in which the primordial cosmic matter is described by a relativistic imperfect fluid. The latter takes into account the dissipative effects (bulk viscosity) arising from different cooling rates of the fluid components in the expanding Universe. We discuss, in particular, the effects of the bulk viscosity on Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and on the thermal relic abundance of particles, looking at recent results of PAMELA experiment. The latter has determined an anomalous excess of positron events, that cannot be explained by the conventional cosmology and particle physics.

  15. Decision Models for Bulk Energy Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Decision Models for Bulk Energy Transportation Networks James D. McCalley August 23, 2005 #12, and Electric Transportation Systems (1) What energy flow patterns would yield significantly improved energy (ISU - Randy Larabee) · City of Ames (Ames - Merlin Hove) · MidAmerican Energy (Des Moines - Alan O

  16. Decision Models for Bulk Energy Transportation Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    natural gas pipeline capacity from gulf to NE? Production: How would major investment in a specific/trading restrictions? What would be impacts on fuel and electricity markets? How do high natural gas prices drive1 Decision Models for Bulk Energy Transportation Networks Electrical Engineering Professor Jim Mc

  17. INVESTIGATION OF BULK POWER NORTHEAST REGION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    INVESTIGATION OF BULK POWER MARKETS NORTHEAST REGION November 1, 2000 The analyses and conclusions Activities and Retail Competition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-49 5. Prices, Market Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13 A. Overview of Product Markets, Market Design and Pricing Rules . . . . . . . 1-15 1. Energy

  18. This article was downloaded by:[UCLA Science Engineering Lib.] [UCLA Science Engineering Lib.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalet, Xavier

    This article was downloaded by:[UCLA Science Engineering Lib.] [UCLA Science Engineering Lib.] On. © Taylor and Francis 2007 #12;DownloadedBy:[UCLAScienceEngineeringLib.]At:02:151March2007 Journal of Modern{ and S. WEISSyzk yDepartment of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of California at Los Angeles, 607

  19. Rate Adaptation and Base Station Reconfiguration for Battery Efficient Video Download

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dey, Sujit

    dynamically depending on battery and buffer levels of the mobile device, the channel conditions experienced conditions so as to avoid stalling, and do not consider the effect of video download on mobile device batteryRate Adaptation and Base Station Reconfiguration for Battery Efficient Video Download Ranjini

  20. This article was downloaded by:[Georgia Technology Library] On: 27 July 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    This article was downloaded by:[Georgia Technology Library] On: 27 July 2007 Access Details 2007 #12;DownloadedBy:[GeorgiaTechnologyLibrary]At:17:0827July2007 Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 87, Nos cross-section and well-defined growth directions, with widths ranging from 30 nm to 2 mm, width

  1. This article was downloaded by:[Bowling Green State University] [Bowling Green State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGovern, Warren W.

    This article was downloaded by:[Bowling Green State University] [Bowling Green State University] On representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions. © Taylor and Francis 2007 #12;DownloadedBy:[BowlingGreenStateUniversity]At:00:0621June2007 Communications

  2. This article was downloaded by:[Los Alamos National Laboratory] [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurien, Susan

    This article was downloaded by:[Los Alamos National Laboratory] [Los Alamos National Laboratory] On 2007 #12;DownloadedBy:[LosAlamosNationalLaboratory]At:18:369July2007 Journal of Turbulence Volume 8, No, 92697, USA Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, 87544, USA Department

  3. This article was downloaded by:[Open University Library] On: 19 May 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, Michael

    , formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallThis article was downloaded by:[Open University Library] On: 19 May 2008 Access Details;DownloadedBy:[OpenUniversityLibrary]At:12:3419May2008 Philosophical Magazine Letters Vol. 88, No. 5, May 2008

  4. This article was downloaded by:[Univ of California Library] [Univ of California Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    , formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallThis article was downloaded by:[Univ of California Library] [Univ of California Library] On: 21 May. © Taylor and Francis 2007 #12;DownloadedBy:[UnivofCaliforniaLibrary]At:19:4921May2007 Molecular Physics

  5. This article was downloaded by:[University of Bristol Library] On: 2 August 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for anyThis article was downloaded by:[University of Bristol Library] On: 2 August 2007 Access Details 2007 #12;DownloadedBy:[UniversityofBristolLibrary]At:16:042August2007 Pharmacogenetic clinical trial

  6. This article was downloaded by:[Univ of California Library] [Univ of California Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    , formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallThis article was downloaded by:[Univ of California Library] [Univ of California Library] On: 21 May. © Taylor and Francis 2007 #12;DownloadedBy:[UnivofCaliforniaLibrary]At:19:3921May2007 Molecular Physics

  7. Microfabricated bulk wave acoustic bandgap device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olsson, Roy H. (Albuquerque, NM); El-Kady, Ihab F. (Albuquerque, NM); McCormick, Frederick (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, legal representative, Carol (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-11-23

    A microfabricated bulk wave acoustic bandgap device comprises a periodic two-dimensional array of scatterers embedded within the matrix material membrane, wherein the scatterer material has a density and/or elastic constant that is different than the matrix material and wherein the periodicity of the array causes destructive interference of the acoustic wave within an acoustic bandgap. The membrane can be suspended above a substrate by an air or vacuum gap to provide acoustic isolation from the substrate. The device can be fabricated using microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technologies. Such microfabricated bulk wave phononic bandgap devices are useful for acoustic isolation in the ultrasonic, VHF, or UHF regime (i.e., frequencies of order 1 MHz to 10 GHz and higher, and lattice constants of order 100 .mu.m or less).

  8. Microfabricated bulk wave acoustic bandgap device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olsson, Roy H.; El-Kady, Ihab F.; McCormick, Frederick; Fleming, James G.; Fleming, Carol

    2010-06-08

    A microfabricated bulk wave acoustic bandgap device comprises a periodic two-dimensional array of scatterers embedded within the matrix material membrane, wherein the scatterer material has a density and/or elastic constant that is different than the matrix material and wherein the periodicity of the array causes destructive interference of the acoustic wave within an acoustic bandgap. The membrane can be suspended above a substrate by an air or vacuum gap to provide acoustic isolation from the substrate. The device can be fabricated using microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technologies. Such microfabricated bulk wave phononic bandgap devices are useful for acoustic isolation in the ultrasonic, VHF, or UHF regime (i.e., frequencies of order 1 MHz to 10 GHz and higher, and lattice constants of order 100 .mu.m or less).

  9. Modeling direct interband tunneling. I. Bulk semiconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pan, Andrew; Chui, Chi On

    2014-08-07

    Interband tunneling is frequently studied using the semiclassical Kane model, despite uncertainty about its validity. Revisiting the physical basis of this formula, we find that it neglects coupling to other bands and underestimates transverse tunneling. As a result, significant errors can arise at low and high fields for small and large gap materials, respectively. We derive a simple multiband tunneling model to correct these defects analytically without arbitrary parameters. Through extensive comparison with band structure and quantum transport calculations for bulk InGaAs, InAs, and InSb, we probe the accuracy of the Kane and multiband formulas and establish the superiority of the latter. We also show that the nonlocal average electric field should be used when applying either of these models to nonuniform potentials. Our findings are important for efficient analysis and simulation of bulk semiconductor devices involving tunneling.

  10. DEMONSTRATION BULK VITRIFICATION SYSTEM (DBVS) EXTERNAL REVIEW

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HONEYMAN, J.O.

    2007-02-08

    The Hanford mission to retrieve and immobilize 53 million gallons of radioactive waste from 177 underground storage tanks will be accomplished using a combination of processing by the waste treatment plant currently under construction, and a supplemental treatment that would process low-activity waste. Under consideration for this treatment is bulk vitrification, a versatile joule-heated melter technology which could be deployed in the tank farms. The Department proposes to demonstrate this technology under a Research, Development and Demonstration (RD and D) permit issued by the Washington State Department of Ecology using both non-radioactive simulant and blends of actual tank waste. From the demonstration program, data would be obtained on cost and technical performance to enable a decision on the potential use of bulk vitrification as the supplemental treatment technology for Hanford. An independent review by sixteen subject matter experts was conducted to assure that the technical basis of the demonstration facility design would be adequate to meet the objectives of the Demonstration Bulk Vitrification System (DBVS) program. This review explored all aspects of the program, including flowsheet chemistry, project risk, vitrification, equipment design and nuclear safety, and was carried out at a time when issues can be identified and corrected. This paper describes the mission need, review approach, technical recommendations and follow-on activities for the DBVS program.

  11. Hydrogen isotope separation utilizing bulk getters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Knize, Randall J. (Los Angeles, CA); Cecchi, Joseph L. (Lawrenceville, NJ)

    1991-01-01

    Tritium and deuterium are separated from a gaseous mixture thereof, derived from a nuclear fusion reactor or some other source, by providing a casing with a bulk getter therein for absorbing the gaseous mixture to produce an initial loading of the getter, partially desorbing the getter to produce a desorbed mixture which is tritium-enriched, pumping the desorbed mixture into a separate container, the remaining gaseous loading in the getter being deuterium-enriched, desorbing the getter to a substantially greater extent to produce a deuterium-enriched gaseous mixture, and removing the deuterium-enriched mixture into another container. The bulk getter may comprise a zirconium-aluminum alloy, or a zirconium-vanadium-iron alloy. The partial desorption may reduce the loading by approximately fifty percent. The basic procedure may be extended to produce a multistage isotope separator, including at least one additional bulk getter into which the tritium-enriched mixture is absorbed. The second getter is then partially desorbed to produce a desorbed mixture which is further tritium-enriched. The last-mentioned mixture is then removed from the container for the second getter, which is then desorbed to a substantially greater extent to produce a desorbed mixture which is deuterium-enriched. The last-mentioned mixture is then removed so that the cycle can be continued and repeated. The method of isotope separation is also applicable to other hydrogen isotopes, in that the method can be employed for separating either deuterium or tritium from normal hydrogen.

  12. Hydrogen isotope separation utilizing bulk getters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Knize, R.J.; Cecchi, J.L.

    1991-08-20

    Tritium and deuterium are separated from a gaseous mixture thereof, derived from a nuclear fusion reactor or some other source, by providing a casing with a bulk getter therein for absorbing the gaseous mixture to produce an initial loading of the getter, partially desorbing the getter to produce a desorbed mixture which is tritium-enriched, pumping the desorbed mixture into a separate container, the remaining gaseous loading in the getter being deuterium-enriched, desorbing the getter to a substantially greater extent to produce a deuterium-enriched gaseous mixture, and removing the deuterium-enriched mixture into another container. The bulk getter may comprise a zirconium-aluminum alloy, or a zirconium-vanadium-iron alloy. The partial desorption may reduce the loading by approximately fifty percent. The basic procedure may be extended to produce a multistage isotope separator, including at least one additional bulk getter into which the tritium-enriched mixture is absorbed. The second getter is then partially desorbed to produce a desorbed mixture which is further tritium-enriched. The last-mentioned mixture is then removed from the container for the second getter, which is then desorbed to a substantially greater extent to produce a desorbed mixture which is deuterium-enriched. The last-mentioned mixture is then removed so that the cycle can be continued and repeated. The method of isotope separation is also applicable to other hydrogen isotopes, in that the method can be employed for separating either deuterium or tritium from normal hydrogen. 4 figures.

  13. Hydrogen isotope separation utilizing bulk getters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Knize, Randall J. (Los Angeles, CA); Cecchi, Joseph L. (Lawrenceville, NJ)

    1990-01-01

    Tritium and deuterium are separated from a gaseous mixture thereof, derived from a nuclear fusion reactor or some other source, by providing a casing with a bulk getter therein for absorbing the gaseous mixture to produce an initial loading of the getter, partially desorbing the getter to produce a desorbed mixture which is tritium-enriched, pumping the desorbed mixture into a separate container, the remaining gaseous loading in the getter being deuterium-enriched, desorbing the getter to a substantially greater extent to produce a deuterium-enriched gaseous mixture, and removing the deuterium-enriched mixture into another container. The bulk getter may comprise a zirconium-aluminum alloy, or a zirconium-vanadium-iron alloy. The partial desorption may reduce the loading by approximately fifty percent. The basic procedure may be extended to produce a multistage isotope separator, including at least one additional bulk getter into which the tritium-enriched mixture is absorbed. The second getter is then partially desorbed to produce a desorbed mixture which is further tritium-enriched. The last-mentioned mixture is then removed from the container for the second getter, which is then desorbed to a substantially greater extent to produce a desorbed mixture which is deuterium-enriched. The last-mentioned mixture is then removed so that the cycle can be continued and repeated. The method of isotope separation is also applicable to other hydrogen isotopes, in that the method can be employed for separating either deuterium or tritium from normal hydrogen.

  14. A new class of high ZT doped bulk nanothermoelectrics through...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    new class of high ZT doped bulk nanothermoelectrics through bottom-up synthesis A new class of high ZT doped bulk nanothermoelectrics through bottom-up synthesis Reports on...

  15. Bulk Energy Storage Webinar Rescheduled for February 9, 2012...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bulk Energy Storage Webinar Rescheduled for February 9, 2012 Bulk Energy Storage Webinar Rescheduled for February 9, 2012 February 1, 2012 - 12:48pm Addthis The U.S. Department of...

  16. Composition, structure, and performance of nanocrystal bulk heterojunction photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Kevin J. (Kevin Joon-Ming)

    2015-01-01

    We describe the fabrication and study of bulk heterojunction solar cells composed of PbS quantum dots and TiO2. In particular, we study the effects that bulk heterojunction composition and structure have on resulting device ...

  17. Improving the bulk data transfer experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guok, Chin; Guok, Chin; Lee, Jason R.; Berket, Karlo

    2008-05-07

    Scientific computations and collaborations increasingly rely on the network to provide high-speed data transfer, dissemination of results, access to instruments, support for computational steering, etc. The Energy Sciences Network is establishing a science data network to provide user driven bandwidth allocation. In a shared network environment, some reservations may not be granted due to the lack of available bandwidth on any single path. In many cases, the available bandwidth across multiple paths would be sufficient to grant the reservation. In this paper we investigate how to utilize the available bandwidth across multiple paths in the case of bulk data transfer.

  18. RAPID/Bulk Transmission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration JumpPublic UtilityQuintasNEPA Timelines <Bulk Transmission

  19. RAPID/BulkTransmission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration JumpPublic UtilityQuintasNEPA Timelines <Bulk

  20. The Bulk Channel in Thermal Gauge Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvey B. Meyer

    2010-02-17

    We investigate the thermal correlator of the trace of the energy-momentum tensor in the SU(3) Yang-Mills theory. Our goal is to constrain the spectral function in that channel, whose low-frequency part determines the bulk viscosity. We focus on the thermal modification of the spectral function, $\\rho(\\omega,T)-\\rho(\\omega,0)$. Using the operator-product expansion we give the high-frequency behavior of this difference in terms of thermodynamic potentials. We take into account the presence of an exact delta function located at the origin, which had been missed in previous analyses. We then combine the bulk sum rule and a Monte-Carlo evaluation of the Euclidean correlator to determine the intervals of frequency where the spectral density is enhanced or depleted by thermal effects. We find evidence that the thermal spectral density is non-zero for frequencies below the scalar glueball mass $m$ and is significantly depleted for $m\\lesssim\\omega\\lesssim 3m$.

  1. Bulk chemical and Hfâ??W isotopic consequences of incomplete accretion during planet formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dwyer, Christina A; Nimmo, Francis; Chambers, John E

    2015-01-01

    Bulk chemical and Hf–W isotopic consequences of incompletestyle affects the bulk chemical and isotopic outcomes ofto investigate the bulk chemical and isotopic consequences

  2. This article was downloaded by: [Lancaster University Library] On: 21 March 2015, At: 07:15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shallThis article was downloaded by: [Lancaster University Library] On: 21 March 2015, At: 07

  3. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Grubb, Gerd][The Royal Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grubb, Gerd

    doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for anyPLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Grubb, Gerd][The Royal Library] On

  4. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [KU Leuven Biomedical Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for anyPLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [KU Leuven Biomedical Library] On

  5. This article was downloaded by: [Vienna University Library] On: 15 September 2011, At: 03:47

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Likos, Christos N.

    doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for anyThis article was downloaded by: [Vienna University Library] On: 15 September 2011, At: 03

  6. This article was downloaded by: [Vienna University Library] On: 05 July 2011, At: 00:32

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Likos, Christos N.

    be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claimsThis article was downloaded by: [Vienna University Library] On: 05 July 2011, At: 00:32 Publisher

  7. This article was downloaded by: [Copenhagen University Library] On: 13 February 2014, At: 05:35

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grubb, Gerd

    and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shallThis article was downloaded by: [Copenhagen University Library] On: 13 February 2014, At: 05

  8. This article was downloaded by: [Georgia Tech Library] On: 10 April 2013, At: 14:09

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jeff

    be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claimsThis article was downloaded by: [Georgia Tech Library] On: 10 April 2013, At: 14:09 Publisher

  9. This article was downloaded by:[UNSW@ADFA Library] On: 22 April 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worboys, Mike

    , formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallThis article was downloaded by:[UNSW@ADFA Library] On: 22 April 2008 Access Details: [subscription

  10. This article was downloaded by: [UNSW Library] On: 15 April 2012, At: 21:51

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franklin, James

    , formulae, and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallThis article was downloaded by: [UNSW Library] On: 15 April 2012, At: 21:51 Publisher: Routledge

  11. This article was downloaded by: [University Library Utrecht] On: 23 January 2012, At: 12:32

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torsvik, Trond Helge

    , formulae, and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallThis article was downloaded by: [University Library Utrecht] On: 23 January 2012, At: 12

  12. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Yale Univ Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerstein, Mark

    , formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallPLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Yale Univ Library] On: 3 March 2010

  13. This article was downloaded by: [HKUST Library] On: 09 January 2015, At: 20:00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ling, Shiqing

    and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shallThis article was downloaded by: [HKUST Library] On: 09 January 2015, At: 20:00 Publisher: Taylor

  14. This article was downloaded by: [Vienna University Library] On: 06 February 2012, At: 00:32

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Likos, Christos N.

    be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claimsThis article was downloaded by: [Vienna University Library] On: 06 February 2012, At: 00

  15. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Yale Univ Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerstein, Mark

    , formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallPLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Yale Univ Library] On: 13 December

  16. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Georgia Technology Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieuwen, Timothy C.

    doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for anyPLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Georgia Technology Library] On: 20

  17. This article was downloaded by: [Dartmouth College Library] On: 26 February 2013, At: 09:03

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchaine, Bradley C.

    be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claimsThis article was downloaded by: [Dartmouth College Library] On: 26 February 2013, At: 09

  18. Document Downloaded: Monday April 20, 2015 Presentation on Deemed Export Controls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    Document Downloaded: Monday April 20, 2015 Presentation on Deemed Export Controls Author: Robert November 10-12 2004 Export Controls and Universities: Licensing Research? Robert Hardy Director Introduction Security concerns are increasingly impacting university research. Among these concerns are export

  19. Organic hybrid planar-nanocrystalline bulk heterojunctions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forrest, Stephen R.; Yang, Fan

    2013-04-09

    A photosensitive optoelectronic device having an improved hybrid planar bulk heterojunction includes a plurality of photoconductive materials disposed between the anode and the cathode. The photoconductive materials include a first continuous layer of donor material and a second continuous layer of acceptor material. A first network of donor material or materials extends from the first continuous layer toward the second continuous layer, providing continuous pathways for conduction of holes to the first continuous layer. A second network of acceptor material or materials extends from the second continuous layer toward the first continuous layer, providing continuous pathways for conduction of electrons to the second continuous layer. The first network and the second network are interlaced with each other. At least one other photoconductive material is interspersed between the interlaced networks. This other photoconductive material or materials has an absorption spectra different from the donor and acceptor materials.

  20. Organic hybrid planar-nanocrystalline bulk heterojunctions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forrest, Stephen R. (Ann Arbor, MI); Yang, Fan (Piscataway, NJ)

    2011-03-01

    A photosensitive optoelectronic device having an improved hybrid planar bulk heterojunction includes a plurality of photoconductive materials disposed between the anode and the cathode. The photoconductive materials include a first continuous layer of donor material and a second continuous layer of acceptor material. A first network of donor material or materials extends from the first continuous layer toward the second continuous layer, providing continuous pathways for conduction of holes to the first continuous layer. A second network of acceptor material or materials extends from the second continuous layer toward the first continuous layer, providing continuous pathways for conduction of electrons to the second continuous layer. The first network and the second network are interlaced with each other. At least one other photoconductive material is interspersed between the interlaced networks. This other photoconductive material or materials has an absorption spectra different from the donor and acceptor materials.

  1. DEVELOPMENT OF THE BULK TRITIUM SHIPPING PACKAGING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanton, P.; Eberl, K.

    2008-09-14

    A new radioactive shipping packaging for transporting bulk quantities of tritium, the Bulk Tritium Shipping Package (BTSP), has been designed for the Department of Energy (DOE) as a replacement for a package designed in the early 1970s. This paper summarizes significant design features and describes how the design satisfies the regulatory safety requirements of the Code of Federal Regulations and the International Atomic Energy Agency. The BTSP design incorporates many improvements over its predecessor by implementing improved testing, handling, and maintenance capabilities, while improving manufacturability and incorporating new engineered materials. This paper also discusses the results from testing of the BTSP to 10 CFR 71 Normal Conditions of Transport and Hypothetical Accident Condition events. The programmatic need of the Department of Energy (DOE) to ship bulk quantities of tritium has been satisfied since the late 1970s by the UC-609 shipping package. The current Certificate of Conformance for the UC-609, USA/9932/B(U) (DOE), will expire in late 2011. Since the UC-609 was not designed to meet current regulatory requirements, it will not be recertified and thereby necessitates a replacement Type B shipping package for continued DOE tritium shipments in the future. A replacement tritium packaging called the Bulk Tritium Shipping Package (BTSP) is currently being designed and tested by Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). The BTSP consists of two primary assemblies, an outer Drum Assembly and an inner Containment Vessel Assembly (CV), both designed to mitigate damage and to protect the tritium contents from leaking during the regulatory Hypothetical Accident Condition (HAC) events and during Normal Conditions of Transport (NCT). During transport, the CV rests on a silicone pad within the Drum Liner and is covered with a thermal insulating disk within the insulated Drum Assembly. The BTSP packaging weighs approximately 500 lbs without contents and is 50-1/2 inches high by 24-1/2 inches in outside diameter. With contents the gross weight of the BTSP is 650 lbs. The BTSP is designed for the safe shipment of 150 grams of tritium in a solid or gaseous state. To comply with the federal regulations that govern Type B shipping packages, the BTSP is designed so that it will not lose tritium at a rate greater than the limits stated in 10CFR 71.51 of 10{sup -6} A2 per hour for the 'Normal Conditions of Transport' (NCT) and an A2 in 1 week under 'Hypothetical Accident Conditions' (HAC). Additionally, since the BTSP design incorporates a valve as part of the tritium containment boundary, secondary containment features are incorporated in the CV Lid to protect against gas leakage past the valve as required by 10CFR71.43(e). This secondary containment boundary is designed to provide the same level of containment as the primary containment boundary when subjected to the HAC and NCT criteria.

  2. DEPLOYMENT OF THE BULK TRITIUM SHIPPING PACKAGE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanton, P.

    2013-10-10

    A new Bulk Tritium Shipping Package (BTSP) was designed by the Savannah River National Laboratory to be a replacement for a package that has been used to ship tritium in a variety of content configurations and forms since the early 1970s. The BTSP was certified by the National Nuclear Safety Administration in 2011 for shipments of up to 150 grams of Tritium. Thirty packages were procured and are being delivered to various DOE sites for operational use. This paper summarizes the design features of the BTSP, as well as associated engineered material improvements. Fabrication challenges encountered during production are discussed as well as fielding requirements. Current approved tritium content forms (gas and tritium hydrides), are reviewed, as well as, a new content, tritium contaminated water on molecular sieves. Issues associated with gas generation will also be discussed.

  3. Rack 30 nodes Compute Node

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    4 16 16 16 SPI LVAD DVI PCI 8 NIC1 NIC2 16 Gen2 8 Gen2 4 Gen2QPI Intel Xeon X5670 ×2 CPU0 2 1 0 1 045 RJ45 Serial RJ45 Intelkawela 82576 PCI-E SLOT PCI-E SLOT PCI-E SLOT PCI-E SLOT GPU GPU GPU PCIBand GPU Thin Medium Fat 3 Thin 17/2 2U CPU 2 Kepler GPU 3 QDR InfiniBand HCA 2 PCI Express Bus 3+1 SMX SMX

  4. Macroscopic and direct light propulsion of bulk graphene material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tengfei; Wu, Yingpeng; Xiao, Peishuang; Yi, Ningbo; Lu, Yanhong; Ma, Yanfeng; Huang, Yi; Zhao, Kai; Yan, Xiao-Qing; Liu, Zhi-Bo; Tian, Jian-Guo; Chen, Yongsheng

    2015-01-01

    It has been a great challenge to achieve the direct light manipulation of matter on a bulk scale. In this work, the direct light propulsion of matter was observed on a macroscopic scale for the first time using a bulk graphene based material. The unique structure and properties of graphene and the morphology of the bulk graphene material make it capable of not only absorbing light at various wavelengths but also emitting energetic electrons efficiently enough to drive the bulk material following Newtonian mechanics. Thus, the unique photonic and electronic properties of individual graphene sheets are manifested in the response of the bulk state. These results offer an exciting opportunity to bring about bulk scale light manipulation with the potential to realize long-sought proposals in areas such as the solar sail and space transportation driven directly by sunlight.

  5. Hyperon bulk viscosity in the presence of antikaon condensate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debarati Chatterjee; Debades Bandyopadhyay

    2009-10-31

    We investigate the hyperon bulk viscosity due to the non-leptonic process $n + p \\rightleftharpoons p + \\Lambda $ in $K^-$ condensed matter and its effect on the r-mode instability in neutron stars. We find that the hyperon bulk viscosity coefficient in the presence of antikaon condensate is suppressed compared with the case without the condensate. The suppressed hyperon bulk viscosity in the superconducting phase is still an efficient mechanism to damp the r-mode instability in neutron stars.

  6. RAPID/BulkTransmission/General Construction | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission‎ |RAPID/BulkTransmission/General

  7. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Idaho | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission‎RAPID/BulkTransmission/Idaho <

  8. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Land Access | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission‎RAPID/BulkTransmission/Idaho

  9. 1 Virtual Machine Download VMware Player 7.0.0 or latest version https://my.vmware.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    .ubuntu.com/download/desktop/ (It almost a Gig so you might want to find good internet) · Save the .iso somewhere you can find

  10. New nano structure approaches for bulk thermoelectric materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jeonghoon

    2010-01-01

    in bulk thermoelectric materials", M. Mater. Res. Soc.Thermoelectricity", Materials Reserach Society Symposium,Johnson, D. C. , Eds. Materials Research Society: Boston,

  11. Synovial fluid homeostasis : bulk flow, lubricant transport, and biophysical restoration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarty, William Joseph

    2012-01-01

    of synovial fluid lubricants hyaluronan and proteoglycan 4HOMEOSTASIS: BULK FLOW, LUBRICANT TRANSPORT, AND BIOPHYSICALmodel of synovial fluid lubricant composition in normal and

  12. Optimizing Morphology of Bulk Heterojunction Polymer Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Jing

    2014-01-01

    Heterojunction Polymer Solar Cells A dissertation submittedBulk Heterojunction Polymer Solar Cells by Jing Gao Doctorheterojunction polymer solar cells is profoundly influenced

  13. Discovery of New Alloys by Bulk Combinatorial Synthesis | The...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Discovery of New Alloys by Bulk Combinatorial Synthesis The Critical Materials Institute (CMI) is developing new capabilities in the search for new materials or substitutions in...

  14. Regulatory Roadmap Workshop for Federal Bulk Transmission Regulations...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Regulatory Roadmapping Pgower's picture Submitted by Pgower(50) Contributor 7 August, 2014 - 14:19 One-day workshop to review regulatory roadmaps for bulk transmission. Date:...

  15. Factors influencing photocurrent generation in organic bulk heterojunc...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Factors influencing photocurrent generation in organic bulk heterojunction solar cells: interfacial energetics and blend microstructure April 29, 2009 at 3pm36-428 Jenny Nelson...

  16. Economic manufacturing of bulk metallic glass compositions by microalloying

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liu, Chain T.

    2003-05-13

    A method of making a bulk metallic glass composition includes the steps of:a. providing a starting material suitable for making a bulk metallic glass composition, for example, BAM-11; b. adding at least one impurity-mitigating dopant, for example, Pb, Si, B, Sn, P, to the starting material to form a doped starting material; and c. converting the doped starting material to a bulk metallic glass composition so that the impurity-mitigating dopant reacts with impurities in the starting material to neutralize deleterious effects of the impurities on the formation of the bulk metallic glass composition.

  17. Lithium Ion Solvation and Diffusion in Bulk Organic Electrolytes...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Lithium Ion Solvation and Diffusion in Bulk Organic Electrolytes from First Principles and Classical Reactive Molecular Dynamics Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Lithium...

  18. Bulk viscosity of QCD matter near the critical temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Kharzeev; K. Tuchin

    2007-05-29

    Kubo's formula relates bulk viscosity to the retarded Green's function of the trace of the energy-momentum tensor. Using low energy theorems of QCD for the latter we derive the formula which relates the bulk viscosity to the energy density and pressure of hot matter. We then employ the available lattice QCD data to extract the bulk viscosity as a function of temperature. We find that close to the deconfinement temperature bulk viscosity becomes large, with viscosity-to-entropy ratio zeta/s about 1.

  19. Thermodynamic properties of bulk and confined water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mallamace, Francesco; Corsaro, Carmelo; Mallamace, Domenico; Vasi, Sebastiano; Vasi, Cirino; Stanley, H. Eugene

    2014-11-14

    The thermodynamic response functions of water display anomalous behaviors. We study these anomalous behaviors in bulk and confined water. We use nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to examine the configurational specific heat and the transport parameters in both the thermal stable and the metastable supercooled phases. The data we obtain suggest that there is a behavior common to both phases: that the dynamics of water exhibit two singular temperatures belonging to the supercooled and the stable phase, respectively. One is the dynamic fragile-to-strong crossover temperature (T{sub L} ? 225 K). The second, T{sup *} ? 315 ± 5 K, is a special locus of the isothermal compressibility K{sub T}(T, P) and the thermal expansion coefficient ?{sub P}(T, P) in the P–T plane. In the case of water confined inside a protein, we observe that these two temperatures mark, respectively, the onset of protein flexibility from its low temperature glass state (T{sub L}) and the onset of the unfolding process (T{sup *})

  20. Excitonic exchange splitting in bulk semiconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu, H.; Wang, L.; Zunger, A.

    1999-02-01

    We present an approach to calculate the excitonic fine-structure splittings due to electron-hole short-range exchange interactions using the local-density approximation pseudopotential method, and apply it to bulk semiconductors CdSe, InP, GaAs, and InAs. Comparing with previous theoretical results, the current calculated splittings agree well with experiments. Furthermore, we provide an approximate relationship between the short-range exchange splitting and the exciton Bohr radius, which can be used to estimate the exchange splitting for other materials. The current calculation indicates that a commonly used formula for exchange splitting in quantum dot is not valid. Finally, we find a very large pressure dependence of the exchange splitting: a factor of 4.5 increase as the lattice constant changes by 3.5{percent}. This increase is mainly due to the decrease of the Bohr radius via the change of electron effective mass. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

  1. Determination of Bulk Dimensional Variation in Castings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. James F. Cuttino Dr. Edward P. Morse

    2005-04-14

    The purpose of this work is to improve the efficiency of green sand foundries so that they may continue to compete as the most cost-effective method of fabrication while meeting tightening constraints on near-net shape manufacturing. In order to achieve this objective, the study is divided into two major components. The first component concentrated on identifying which processes control surface finish on the castings and which provide potential reductions in variations. The second component identified metrological methods that effectively discern between the geometry of bulk material versus surface finish in order to more accurately determine the quality of a part. The research resulted in the determination of an empirical relationship relating pouring parameters to dimensional variation, with an R2 value of greater than 0.79. A significant difference in variations obtained from vertical vs. horizontal molding machines was also noticed. When analyzed separately, however, the resulting empirical relationships for horizontal and vertical machines had reduced R2 values, probably due to the reduced data sets. Significant parameters when considering vertical and horizontal molding machines together included surface roughness, pattern type, iron type, pouring rate, copper content, amount of Western Bentonite, and permeability.

  2. Improving Bulk Microphysics Parameterizations in Simulations of Aerosol Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Yuan; Fan, Jiwen; Zhang, Renyi; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Franklin, Charmaine N.

    2013-06-05

    To improve the microphysical parameterizations for simulations of the aerosol indirect effect (AIE) in regional and global climate models, a double-moment bulk microphysical scheme presently implemented in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model is modified and the results are compared against atmospheric observations and simulations produced by a spectral bin microphysical scheme (SBM). Rather than using prescribed aerosols as in the original bulk scheme (Bulk-OR), a prognostic doublemoment aerosol representation is introduced to predict both the aerosol number concentration and mass mixing ratio (Bulk-2M). The impacts of the parameterizations of diffusional growth and autoconversion and the selection of the embryonic raindrop radius on the performance of the bulk microphysical scheme are also evaluated. Sensitivity modeling experiments are performed for two distinct cloud regimes, maritime warm stratocumulus clouds (SC) over southeast Pacific Ocean from the VOCALS project and continental deep convective clouds (DCC) in the southeast of China from the Department of Energy/ARM Mobile Facility (DOE/AMF) - China field campaign. The results from Bulk-2M exhibit a much better agreement in the cloud number concentration and effective droplet radius in both the SC and DCC cases with those from SBM and field measurements than those from Bulk-OR. In the SC case particularly, Bulk-2M reproduces the observed drizzle precipitation, which is largely inhibited in Bulk-OR. Bulk-2M predicts enhanced precipitation and invigorated convection with increased aerosol loading in the DCC case, consistent with the SBM simulation, while Bulk-OR predicts the opposite behaviors. Sensitivity experiments using four different types of autoconversion schemes reveal that the autoconversion parameterization is crucial in determining the raindrop number, mass concentration, and drizzle formation for warm 2 stratocumulus clouds. An embryonic raindrop size of 40 ?m is determined as a more realistic setting in the autoconversion parameterization. The saturation adjustment employed in calculating condensation/evaporation in the bulk scheme is identified as the main factor responsible for the large discrepancies in predicting cloud water in the SC case, suggesting that an explicit calculation of diffusion growth with predicted supersaturation is necessary for further improvements of the bulk microphysics scheme. Lastly, a larger rain evaporation rate below cloud is found in the bulk scheme in comparison to the SBM simulation, which could contribute to a lower surface precipitation in the bulk scheme.

  3. T-duality trivializes bulk-boundary correspondence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varghese Mathai; Guo Chuan Thiang

    2015-07-26

    Recently we introduced T-duality in the study of topological insulators. In this paper, we study the bulk-boundary correspondence for three phenomena in condensed matter physics, namely, the quantum Hall effect, the Chern insulator, and time reversal invariant topological insulators. In all of these cases, we show that T-duality trivializes the bulk-boundary correspondence.

  4. Bulk Acoustic Resonator Based on Piezoelectric ZnO Belts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Bulk Acoustic Resonator Based on Piezoelectric ZnO Belts Brent A. Buchine, William L. Hughes, F, a bulk acoustic resonator based on ZnO belts is demonstrated. This device shows a great deal of promise-like geometry, making them ideal candidates as SMR, FBAR, and beam resonators.13 However, handling belts can

  5. MORPHOLOGY DEPENDENT SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT IN BULK HETEROJUNCTION SOLAR CELL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Muhammad A.

    MORPHOLOGY DEPENDENT SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT IN BULK HETEROJUNCTION SOLAR CELL Biswajit Ray, Pradeep, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA ABSTRACT Polymer based bulk heterostructure (BH) solar cell offers a relatively inexpensive option for the future solar cell technology, provided its efficiency increases beyond

  6. New results on water in bulk, nanoconfined, and biological environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    contract as temperature decreases, liquid bulk water begins to expand when its temperature drops below 4°C remains at 4°C while colder layers of 0°C water "float" on top (cf.. Fig. 1 of Ref. [2]). The mysterious properties of liquid bulk water become more pronounced in the supercooled region below 0°C [3-5]. For example

  7. The Economic Case for Bulk Energy Storage in Transmission Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of using energy storage, optimized for multiple objectives, including cost, congestion, and emissions: Optimal Generation Expansion Planning with Integration of Variable Re- newables and Bulk Energy Storage Systems Pumped-hydroelectric energy storage has proven to be valuable as bulk energy storage for energy

  8. Inductively Coupled Plasma Etching of Bulk Titanium for MEMS Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Noel C.

    Inductively Coupled Plasma Etching of Bulk Titanium for MEMS Applications E. R. Parker,a, * B. J for the bulk micromachining of microelectromechanical MEMS devices. Titanium- based MEMS have the potential for the microfabrication of titanium-based MEMS devices. © 2005 The Electrochemical Society. DOI: 10.1149/1.2006647 All

  9. Short communication Fractal in fracture of bulk metallic glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Jianbo

    Short communication Fractal in fracture of bulk metallic glass M.Q. Jiang a,b , J.X. Meng a , J. Bulk metallic glass B. Dynamic fracture C. Nanoscale periodic corrugation C. Fractal a b s t r a c t We investigate the nanoscale periodic corrugation (NPC) structures on the dynamic fracture surface of a typical

  10. Bulk Vitrification Castable Refractory Block Protection Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrma, Pavel R.; Bagaasen, Larry M.; Beck, Andrew E.; Brouns, Thomas M.; Caldwell, Dustin D.; Elliott, Michael L.; Matyas, Josef; Minister, Kevin BC; Schweiger, Michael J.; Strachan, Denis M.; Tinsley, Bronnie P.; Hollenberg, Glenn W.

    2005-05-01

    Bulk vitrification (BV) was selected for a pilot-scale test and demonstration facility for supplemental treatment to accelerate the cleanup of low-activity waste (LAW) at the Hanford U.S. DOE Site. During engineering-scale (ES) tests, a small fraction of radioactive Tc (and Re, its nonradioactive surrogate) were transferred out of the LAW glass feed and molten LAW glass, and deposited on the surface and within the pores of the castable refractory block (CRB). Laboratory experiments were undertaken to understand the mechanisms of the transport Tc/Re into the CRB during vitrification and to evaluate various means of CRB protection against the deposition of leachable Tc/Re. The tests used Re as a chemical surrogate for Tc. The tests with the baseline CRB showed that the molten LAW penetrates into CRB pores before it converts to glass, leaving deposits of sulfates and chlorides when the nitrate components decompose. Na2O from the LAW reacts with the CRB to create a durable glass phase that may contain Tc/Re. Limited data from a single CRB sample taken from an ES experiment indicate that, while a fraction of Tc/Re is present in the CRB in a readily leachable form, most of the Tc/Re deposited in the refractory is retained in the form of a durable glass phase. In addition, the molten salts from the LAW, mainly sulfates, chlorides, and nitrates, begin to evaporate from BV feeds at temperatures below 800 C and condense on solid surfaces at temperatures below 530 C. Three approaches aimed at reducing or preventing the deposition of soluble Tc/Re within the CRB were proposed: metal lining, sealing the CRB surface with a glaze, and lining the CRB with ceramic tiles. Metal liners were deemed unsuitable because evaluations showed that they can cause unacceptable distortions of the electric field in the BV system. Sodium silicate and a low-alkali borosilicate glaze were selected for testing. The glazes slowed down molten salt condensate penetration, but did little to reduce the penetration of molten salt. Out of several refractory tile candidates, only greystone and fused-cast alumina-zirconia-silica (AZS) refractory remained intact and well bonded to the CRB after firing to 1000 C. The deformation of the refractory-tile composite was avoided by prefiring the greystone tile to 800 C. Condensed vapors did not penetrate the tiles, but Re salts condensed on their surface. Refractory corrosion tests indicated that a 0.25-inch-thick greystone tile would not corrode during a BV melt. Tiles can reduce both vapor penetration and molten salt penetration, but vapor deposition above the melt line will occur even on tiles. The Tc/Re transport scenario was outlined as follows. At temperatures below 700 C, molten ionic salt (MIS) that includes all the Tc/Re penetrates, by capillarity, from the feed into the CRB open porosity. At approximately 750 C, the MIS decomposes through the loss of NOx, leaving mainly sulfate and chloride salts. The Na2O formed in the decomposition of the nitrates reacts with insoluble grains in the feed and with the aluminosilicates in the CRB to form more viscous liquids that reduce further liquid penetration into the CRB. At 800 to 1000 C, a continuous glass phase traps the remains of the MIS in the form of inclusions in the bulk glass melt. At 1000 to 1200 C, the salt inclusions in the glass slowly dissolve but also rise to the surface. The Tc/Re salts also evaporate from the free surface of the glass melt that is rapidly renewed by convective currents. The vapors condense on cooler surfaces in the upper portion of the CRB, the box lid, and the off-gas system.

  11. Silicon bulk micromachined hybrid dimensional artifact.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Claudet, Andre A.; Tran, Hy D.; Bauer, Todd Marks; Shilling, Katherine Meghan; Oliver, Andrew David

    2010-03-01

    A mesoscale dimensional artifact based on silicon bulk micromachining fabrication has been developed and manufactured with the intention of evaluating the artifact both on a high precision coordinate measuring machine (CMM) and video-probe based measuring systems. This hybrid artifact has features that can be located by both a touch probe and a video probe system with a k=2 uncertainty of 0.4 {micro}m, more than twice as good as a glass reference artifact. We also present evidence that this uncertainty could be lowered to as little as 50 nm (k=2). While video-probe based systems are commonly used to inspect mesoscale mechanical components, a video-probe system's certified accuracy is generally much worse than its repeatability. To solve this problem, an artifact has been developed which can be calibrated using a commercially available high-accuracy tactile system and then be used to calibrate typical production vision-based measurement systems. This allows for error mapping to a higher degree of accuracy than is possible with a glass reference artifact. Details of the designed features and manufacturing process of the hybrid dimensional artifact are given and a comparison of the designed features to the measured features of the manufactured artifact is presented and discussed. Measurement results from vision and touch probe systems are compared and evaluated to determine the capability of the manufactured artifact to serve as a calibration tool for video-probe systems. An uncertainty analysis for calibration of the artifact using a CMM is presented.

  12. Temperature dependence of bulk viscosity in water using acoustic spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. J. Holmes; N. G. Parker; M. J. W. Povey

    2010-02-16

    Despite its fundamental role in the dynamics of compressible fluids, bulk viscosity has received little experimental attention and there remains a paucity of measured data. Acoustic spectroscopy provides a robust and accurate approach to measuring this parameter. Working from the Navier-Stokes model of a compressible fluid one can show that the bulk viscosity makes a significant and measurable contribution to the frequency-squared acoustic attenuation. Here we employ this methodology to determine the bulk viscosity of Millipore water over a temperature range of 7 to 50 degrees Celsius. The measured attenuation spectra are consistent with the theoretical predictions, while the bulk viscosity of water is found to be approximately three times larger than its shear counterpart, reinforcing its significance in acoustic propagation. Moreover, our results demonstrate that this technique can be readily and generally applied to fluids to accurately determine their temperature dependent bulk viscosities.

  13. Carbon nanotubes grown on bulk materials and methods for fabrication

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menchhofer, Paul A.; Montgomery, Frederick C.; Baker, Frederick S.

    2011-11-08

    Disclosed are structures formed as bulk support media having carbon nanotubes formed therewith. The bulk support media may comprise fibers or particles and the fibers or particles may be formed from such materials as quartz, carbon, or activated carbon. Metal catalyst species are formed adjacent the surfaces of the bulk support material, and carbon nanotubes are grown adjacent the surfaces of the metal catalyst species. Methods employ metal salt solutions that may comprise iron salts such as iron chloride, aluminum salts such as aluminum chloride, or nickel salts such as nickel chloride. Carbon nanotubes may be separated from the carbon-based bulk support media and the metal catalyst species by using concentrated acids to oxidize the carbon-based bulk support media and the metal catalyst species.

  14. The New England Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm.org at Harvard Library on October 16, 2014. For personal use only. No other uses without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alper, Chester A.

    The New England Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm.org at Harvard Library on October 16, 2014 Medical Society. All rights reserved. #12;The New England Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm.org at Harvard Library on October 16, 2014. For personal use only

  15. The New England Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm.org at HARVARD UNIVERSITY on October 28, 2013. For personal use only. No other uses without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alper, Chester A.

    The New England Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm.org at HARVARD UNIVERSITY on October 28 Massachusetts Medical Society. All rights reserved. #12;The New England Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm.org at HARVARD UNIVERSITY on October 28, 2013. For personal use

  16. This article was downloaded by:[King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals] [King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Qahtani, Hussain M.

    This article was downloaded by:[King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals] [King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals] On: 20 May 2007 Access Details: [subscription number 777447308. © Taylor and Francis 2007 #12;DownloadedBy:[KingFahdUniversityofPetroleumandMinerals]At:14:1620May2007

  17. Brane-Bulk energy exchange and agegraphic dark energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad Sheykhi

    2010-02-06

    We consider the agegraphic models of dark energy in a braneworld scenario with brane-bulk energy exchange. We assume that the adiabatic equation for the dark matter is satisfied while it is violated for the agegraphic dark energy due to the energy exchange between the brane and the bulk. Our study shows that with the brane-bulk interaction, the equation of state parameter of agegraphic dark energy on the brane, $w_D$, can have a transition from normal state where $w_D >-1 $ to the phantom regime where $w_D energy always satisfies $w^{\\mathrm{eff}}_D\\geq-1$.

  18. A bulk-flow model of angled injection Lomakin bearings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soulas, Thomas Antoine Theo

    2001-01-01

    A bulk-flow model for determination of the leakage and dynamic force characteristics of angled injection Lomakin bearings is presented. Zeroth- and first-order equations describe the equilibrium flow for a centered bearing and the perturbed flow...

  19. Supply chain management in the dry bulk shipping industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Bryan E. (Bryan Edward)

    2006-01-01

    This paper is intended to show the importance of supply chain management in the dry-bulk shipping industry. A hypothetical company, the Texas Grain and Bakery Corporation, was created. The values and calculations used are ...

  20. Structural and economic analysis of capesize bulk carriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadjiyiannis, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    Structural failures of bulk carriers continue to account for the loss of many lives every year. Capes are particularly vulnerable to cracking because of their large length, their trade in high density cargos, and the high ...

  1. New nano structure approaches for bulk thermoelectric materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jeonghoon

    2010-01-01

    developments in bulk thermoelectric materials", M. Mater.and M. D. Drsselhaus, "Thermoelectric figure of merit of aO'Quinn, " Thin-film thermoelectric devices with high room-

  2. Costs, Savings and Financing Bulk Tanks on Texas Dairy Farms. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Donald S.; Stelly, Randall; Parker, Cecil A.

    1958-01-01

    ,s - / cwdh\\@ Costs, Savi~gs;.itd Financing Bulk Tanks on Texas Dairy Farms . ?. I I 1 i I I ! ,:ravings in hauling - 10 cents I \\ \\ 1 \\ savings in hauling - 15 cents -----------____--- 'savings in hauling - 20 cents Annual production..., 1,000 pounds Estimated number of years required for savings from a bulk tank to equal additional costs at different levels of production and savings in hauling costs. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMEN'T STATION R. D. LEWIS. DIRECTOR. COLLEGE STATION...

  3. Enhancement of bulk photovoltaic effect in topological insulators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Liang Z

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the shift current bulk photovoltaic response of materials close to a band inversion topological phase transition. We find that the bulk photocurrent reverses direction across the band inversion transition, and that its magnitude is enhanced in the vicinity of the phase transition. These results are demonstrated with first principles DFT calculations of BiTeI and CsPbI$_3$ under hydrostatic pressure, and explained with an analytical model, suggesting that this phenomenon remains robust across disparate material systems.

  4. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission‎ | Environment Jump to: navigation,

  5. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment/New Mexico | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission‎ | Environment Jump to:

  6. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment/Oregon | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission‎ | Environment Jump

  7. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment/Texas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission‎ | Environment

  8. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment/Utah | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission‎ | EnvironmentPage Edit with form

  9. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment/Washington | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission‎ | EnvironmentPage Edit with

  10. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment/Wyoming | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission‎ | EnvironmentPage Edit

  11. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Exploration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission‎ | EnvironmentPage

  12. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Federal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission‎ |

  13. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Hawaii | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission‎

  14. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Montana | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ |RAPID/BulkTransmission/Montana < RAPID‎ |

  15. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Nevada | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ |RAPID/BulkTransmission/Montana < RAPID‎

  16. RAPID/BulkTransmission/New Mexico | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ |RAPID/BulkTransmission/Montana <

  17. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Oregon | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ |RAPID/BulkTransmission/Montana

  18. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Site Considerations | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎RAPID/BulkTransmission/Site Considerations < RAPID‎ |

  19. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Texas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎RAPID/BulkTransmission/Site Considerations < RAPID‎

  20. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Transmission Siting & Interconnection | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎RAPID/BulkTransmission/Site Considerations <

  1. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Utah | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎RAPID/BulkTransmission/Site Considerations

  2. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Washington | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎RAPID/BulkTransmission/Site

  3. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Water Quality | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎RAPID/BulkTransmission/SiteWater Quality < RAPID‎ |

  4. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Water Use | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎RAPID/BulkTransmission/SiteWater Quality < RAPID‎

  5. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Wyoming | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎RAPID/BulkTransmission/SiteWater Quality <

  6. Waste Form Qualification Compliance Strategy for Bulk Vitrification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bagaasen, Larry M.; Westsik, Joseph H.; Brouns, Thomas M.

    2005-01-03

    The Bulk Vitrification System is being pursued to assist in immobilizing the low-activity tank waste from the 53 million gallons of radioactive waste in the 177 underground storage tanks on the Hanford Site. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the bulk vitrification process, a research and development facility known as the Demonstration Bulk Vitrification System (DBVS) is being built to demonstrate the technology. Specific performance requirements for the final packaged bulk vitrification waste form have been identified. In addition to the specific product-performance requirements, performance targets/goals have been identified that are necessary to qualify the waste form but do not lend themselves to specifications that are easily verified through short-term testing. Collectively, these form the product requirements for the DBVS. This waste-form qualification (WFQ) strategy document outlines the general strategies for achieving and demonstrating compliance with the BVS product requirements. The specific objectives of the WFQ activities are discussed, the bulk vitrification process and product control strategy is outlined, and the test strategy to meet the WFQ objectives is described. The DBVS product performance targets/goals and strategies to address those targets/goals are described. The DBVS product-performance requirements are compared to the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant immobilized low-activity waste product specifications. The strategies for demonstrating compliance with the bulk vitrification product requirements are presented.

  7. Finsler geometric perspective on the bulk flow in the universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhe Chang; Ming-Hua Li; Sai Wang

    2013-05-09

    Astronomical observations showed that there may exist a bulk flow with peculiar velocities in the universe, which contradicts with the (\\Lambda)CDM model. The bulk flow reveals that the observational universe is anisotropic at large scales. In fact, a more reliable observation on the anisotropy of spacetime comes from the CMB power spectra. The WMAP and Planck satellites both show that there is a hemispherical power asymmetry at large-angular scales. In this paper, we propose a "wind" scenario to the bulk flow (or the anisotropy of spacetime). Under the influence of the "wind", the spacetime metric could become a Finsler structure. By resolving the null geodesic equation, we obtain the modified luminosity distance, which has a dipolar form at the leading order. Thus, the "wind" describes well the bulk flow. In addition, we perform a least-(\\chi^2) fit to the data of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) in the Union2.1 compilation. The peculiar velocity of the bulk flow has an upper limit (v_{bulk}\\lesssim 4000 \\rm{km/s}), which is compatible with all the existing observational values.

  8. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Open University Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gal-Ezer, Judith

    on an analysis of students' answers to questions addressing different computer science topics, we present severalPLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Open University Library] On: 16-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK Computer Science Education Publication details, including instructions

  9. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of California San Diego

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of California San DiegoQuire a ; Jennifer Collins a ; Seana Coulson a a Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego Received 9 December 2005; received

  10. This article was downloaded by:[North Carolina State University] On: 27 September 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    JH, UK Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science Publication details, including instructions of physical workload on cognitive task performance and situation awareness', Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics;DownloadedBy:[NorthCarolinaStateUniversity]At:17:1627September2007 Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science

  11. This article was downloaded by:[EBSCOHost EJS Content Distribution] [EBSCOHost EJS Content Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, May

    This article was downloaded by:[EBSCOHost EJS Content Distribution] [EBSCOHost EJS Content Distribution] On: 24 April 2007 Access Details: [subscription number 768320842] Publisher: Taylor & Francis://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t713599799 A framework to enhance semantic flexibility for analysis of distributed phenomena J. Mc

  12. This electronic thesis or dissertation has been downloaded from Explore Bristol Research,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaston, Kevin

    This electronic thesis or dissertation has been downloaded from Explore Bristol Research, http dehydrogenases. General rights The copyright of this thesis rests with the author, unless otherwise identified in the body of the thesis, and no quotation from it or information derived from it may be published without

  13. Using Space-Data-Routers for the timely and targeted downloading of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anastasiadis, Anastasios

    -atmosphere interactions and energy fluxes between the atmosphere and the ground. Urbanization introduces new surfaceUsing Space-Data-Routers for the timely and targeted downloading of Land Surface Temperature data for the assessment of the urban thermal environment, an issue of increasing scientific interest due to climate change

  14. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Rochester Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Rochester Institute of Technology://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t713723051 Microchannels--Short History and Bright Future Satish G. Kandlikar a a Mechanical Engineering Department, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, USA. Online Publication Date: 01 January 2003

  15. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Rochester Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Rochester Institute of Technology G. Kandlikar a a Heat in History Editor, Mechanical Engineering Department, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, New York. Online Publication Date: 01 March 2003 To cite this Article Kandlikar

  16. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Rochester Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    this special volume of Heat Transfer Engineering covering the heat transfer- and fluid flow-related papers in the single-phase cate- gory. The papers cover laminar-turbulent transition in liquid as well as in gas flowsPLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Rochester Institute of Technology

  17. This article was downloaded by: [INASP -Pakistan (PERI)] On: 20 November 2014, At: 22:26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This article was downloaded by: [INASP - Pakistan (PERI)] On: 20 November 2014, At: 22:26 Publisher Genetics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e- Azam Campus, Lahore, Pakistan b Department of Biology of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore, Pakistan Published online: 19 Nov 2014. To cite this article

  18. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [North Carolina State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hallen, Hans

    PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [North Carolina State University] On, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8202, USA First Published:February2009 To cite procedure for the study of inhomogeneous liquids F. Lado* Department of Physics, North Carolina State

  19. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of South Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of South Carolina] On relationships Diansheng Guoa a Department of Geography, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina Diansheng Guo* Department of Geography, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA

  20. This article was downloaded by:[Danish Veterinary and Agricultural Library] [Danish Veterinary and Agricultural Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Rasmus

    doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for anyThis article was downloaded by:[Danish Veterinary and Agricultural Library] [Danish Veterinary and Agricultural Library] On: 10 May 2007 Access Details: [subscription number 773444395] Publisher: Taylor

  1. This article was downloaded by:[Danish Veterinary and Agricultural Library] [Danish Veterinary and Agricultural Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Rasmus

    , formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallThis article was downloaded by:[Danish Veterinary and Agricultural Library] [Danish Veterinary and Agricultural Library] On: 25 April 2007 Access Details: [subscription number 773444395] Publisher: Taylor

  2. This article was downloaded by:[Yale University Sterling Memorial Library] [Yale University Sterling Memorial Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Andrew D.

    , formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallThis article was downloaded by:[Yale University Sterling Memorial Library] [Yale University Sterling Memorial Library] On: 11 May 2007 Access Details: [subscription number 769486266] Publisher

  3. This article was downloaded by: [University Library Utrecht] On: 23 January 2012, At: 12:34

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torsvik, Trond Helge

    , formulae, and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallThis article was downloaded by: [University Library Utrecht] On: 23 January 2012, At: 12 and concordant zircon and titanite ages may hint that the magnetisation could be primary. However

  4. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of Washington] On: 21, Ukraine b Department of Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA Online Publication, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA (Received 2 May 2007) A new entropy measure is proposed

  5. This article was downloaded by: [UNSW Library] On: 14 March 2012, At: 21:28

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Donna

    This article was downloaded by: [UNSW Library] On: 14 March 2012, At: 21:28 Publisher: Routledge the role of uncertainty in climate policy, the need for meaningful consultation with communities; vulnerability; adaptation; Indigenous; Australia 1. Introduction According to all the national-scale metrics

  6. End User License Agreement for IceSL Software By downloading, installing or using the software,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lévy, Bruno

    1/4 End User License Agreement for IceSL Software By downloading, installing" of the one part, accept the terms of this license agreement and agree mean the present End User License agreement for IceSL Software. Article 2

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  8. This article was downloaded by: [University of Vermont] On: 08 August 2012, At: 08:14

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    This article was downloaded by: [New York University] On: 26 November 2013, At: 12:27 Publisher and Linguistic Science , University of York , York, UK b Departments of Linguistics and Psychology , New York University , New York, NY, USA Published online: 02 Mar 2009. To cite this article: Eytan Zweig & Liina

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    This article was downloaded by: [University of Leeds] On: 21 August 2011, At: 22:32 Publisher, Bucharest, Romania b School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom c School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom Available online: 19 Aug 2011 To cite

  14. Authorized licensed use limited to: University of Texas at San Antonio. Downloaded on May 13,2010 at 19:14:14 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply. Authorized licensed use limited to: University of Texas at San Antonio. Downloaded on May 13,2010 at 19

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    Chronopoulos, Anthony T.

    Authorized licensed use limited to: University of Texas at San Antonio. Downloaded on May 13 of Texas at San Antonio. Downloaded on May 13,2010 at 19:14:14 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply. #12;Authorized licensed use limited to: University of Texas at San Antonio. Downloaded on May 13

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    Sibener, Steven

    Downloaded 14 Sep 2004 to 143.106.6.126. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 14 Sep 2004 to 143.106.6.126. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 14 Sep 2004

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    Simons, Jack

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    Apkarian, V. Ara

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    Miller, Willard

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    Barkley, Dwight

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    Glass, Leon

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  1. Downloaded 13 Mar 2004 to 129.97.80.195. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 13 Mar 2004 to 129.97.80.195. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/c

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    Le Roy, Robert J.

    Downloaded 13 Mar 2004 to 129.97.80.195. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 13 Mar 2004 to 129.97.80.195. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 13 Mar 2004

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    Texas at Austin. University of

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    Othmer, Hans

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

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    Holm, Darryl D.

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    Radin, Charles

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    Goddard III, William A.

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    Goddard III, William A.

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    Chen, Liu

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    Morse, Michael D.

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    Martin, Jan M.L.

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    California at San Diego, University of

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    Lebowitz, Joel

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    Everitt, Henry

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    Mezei, Mihaly

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    Dewar, Robert L.

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    Khuri-Yakub, Butrus T. "Pierre"

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    Lebowitz, Joel

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    Economou, Demetre J.

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    Bluman, George

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  2. Downloaded 03 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp Downloaded 03 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/cop

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    Lebowitz, Joel

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  3. Downloaded 04 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 04 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/cop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebowitz, Joel

    Downloaded 04 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 04 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 04

  4. Downloaded 14 May 2006 to 152.1.79.104. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 14 May 2006 to 152.1.79.104. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/cop

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    Siewert, Charles E.

    Downloaded 14 May 2006 to 152.1.79.104. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 14 May 2006 to 152.1.79.104. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 14

  5. Downloaded 18 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 18 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/cop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebowitz, Joel

    Downloaded 18 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 18 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 18

  6. Downloaded 08 Jan 2009 to 137.82.36.67. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 08 Jan 2009 to 137.82.36.67. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/cop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bluman, George

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    Brown, Michael R.

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    Krasinski, Andrzej

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hale, Barbara N.

    Downloaded 25 Oct 2005 to 131.151.76.4. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 25 Oct 2005 to 131.151.76.4. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 25

  10. Downloaded 23 May 2006 to 128.42.97.68. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 23 May 2006 to 128.42.97.68. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/cop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Philip R.

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  11. Downloaded 10 Dec 2007 to 128.6.62.225. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 10 Dec 2007 to 128.6.62.225. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/cop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebowitz, Joel

    Downloaded 10 Dec 2007 to 128.6.62.225. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 10 Dec 2007 to 128.6.62.225. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 10

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebowitz, Joel

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiao-Jing

    Downloaded 07 Jan 2006 to 129.64.99.48. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 07 Jan 2006 to 129.64.99.48. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 07

  14. Downloaded 22 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 22 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/cop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebowitz, Joel

    Downloaded 22 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 22 Feb 2005 to 128.6.62.224. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 22

  15. Downloaded 11 Dec 2007 to 128.6.62.225. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 11 Dec 2007 to 128.6.62.225. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/cop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebowitz, Joel

    Downloaded 11 Dec 2007 to 128.6.62.225. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see to AIP license or copyright; see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 11 Dec 2007 to 128.6.62.225. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 11

  16. Downloaded 09 Sep 2008 to 132.77.4.43. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://chaos.aip.org/chaos/copyright.jsp Downloaded 09 Sep 2008 to 132.77.4.43. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://chaos.aip.org/cha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rom-Kedar, Vered

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jan M.L.

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Peter D.

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

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    Dewar, Robert L.

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  1. Downloaded 29 Jul 2003 to 141.217.35.73. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp Downloaded 29 Jul 2003 to 141.217.35.73. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadehra, Jogindra M.

    Downloaded 29 Jul 2003 to 141.217.35.73. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 29 Jul 2003 to 141.217.35.73. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 29 Jul 2003 to 141.217.35

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

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  3. Dark goo: Bulk viscosity as an alternative to dark energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean-Sebastien Gagnon; Julien Lesgourgues

    2011-09-16

    We present a simple (microscopic) model in which bulk viscosity plays a role in explaining the present acceleration of the universe. The effect of bulk viscosity on the Friedmann equations is to turn the pressure into an "effective" pressure containing the bulk viscosity. For a sufficiently large bulk viscosity, the effective pressure becomes negative and could mimic a dark energy equation of state. Our microscopic model includes self-interacting spin-zero particles (for which the bulk viscosity is known) that are added to the usual energy content of the universe. We study both background equations and linear perturbations in this model. We show that a dark energy behavior is obtained for reasonable values of the two parameters of the model (i.e. the mass and coupling of the spin-zero particles) and that linear perturbations are well-behaved. There is no apparent fine tuning involved. We also discuss the conditions under which hydrodynamics holds, in particular that the spin-zero particles must be in local equilibrium today for viscous effects to be important.

  4. Dark goo: Bulk viscosity as an alternative to dark energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gagnon, Jean-Sebastien

    2011-01-01

    We present a simple (microscopic) model in which bulk viscosity plays a role in explaining the present acceleration of the universe. The effect of bulk viscosity on the Friedmann equations is to turn the pressure into an "effective" pressure containing the bulk viscosity. For a sufficiently large bulk viscosity, the effective pressure becomes negative and could mimic a dark energy equation of state. Our microscopic model includes self-interacting spin-zero particles (for which the bulk viscosity is known) that are added to the usual energy content of the universe. We study both background equations and linear perturbations in this model. We show that a dark energy behavior is obtained for reasonable values of the two parameters of the model (i.e. the mass and coupling of the spin-zero particles) and that linear perturbations are well-behaved. There is no apparent fine tuning involved. We also discuss the conditions under which hydrodynamics holds, in particular that the spin-zero particles must be in local eq...

  5. Bulk emission of scalars by a rotating black hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Casals; S. R. Dolan; P. Kanti; E. Winstanley

    2008-07-17

    We study in detail the scalar-field Hawking radiation emitted into the bulk by a higher-dimensional, rotating black hole. We numerically compute the angular eigenvalues, and solve the radial equation of motion in order to find transmission factors. The latter are found to be enhanced by the angular momentum of the black hole, and to exhibit the well-known effect of superradiance. The corresponding power spectra for scalar fields show an enhancement with the number of dimensions, as in the non-rotating case. We compute the total mass loss rate of the black hole for a variety of black-hole angular momenta and bulk dimensions, and find that, in all cases, the bulk emission remains significantly smaller than the brane emission. The angular-momentum loss rate is also computed and found to have a smaller value in the bulk than on the brane. We present accurate bulk-to-brane emission ratios for a range of scenarios.

  6. Palladium diffusion into bulk copper via the (100) surface.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bussmann, Ezra; Pohl, Karsten; Sun, Jiebing; Kellogg, Gary Lee

    2009-01-01

    Using low-energy electron microscopy, we measure the diffusion of Pd into bulk Cu at the Cu(100) surface. Interdiffusion is tracked by measuring the dissolution of the Cu(100)-c(2 x 2)-Pd surface alloy during annealing (T > 240 C). The activation barrier for Pd diffusion from the surface alloy into the bulk is determined to be (1.8 {+-} 0.6) eV. During annealing, we observe the growth of a new layer of Cu near step edges. Under this new Cu layer, dilute Pd remaining near the surface develops a layered structure similar to the Cu{sub 3}Pd L 1{sub 2} bulk alloy phase.

  7. No evidence for bulk velocity from type Ia supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huterer, Dragan; Schmidt, Fabian

    2015-01-01

    We revisit the effect of peculiar velocities on low-redshift type Ia supernovae. Velocities introduce an additional guaranteed source of correlations between supernova magnitudes that should be considered in all analyses of nearby supernova samples but has largely been neglected in the past. Applying a likelihood analysis to the latest compilation of nearby supernovae, we find no evidence for the presence of these correlations, although, given the significant noise, the data is also consistent with the correlations predicted for the standard LCDM model. We then consider the dipolar component of the velocity correlations - the frequently studied "bulk velocity" - and explicitly demonstrate that including the velocity correlations in the data covariance matrix is crucial for drawing correct and unambiguous conclusions about the bulk flow. In particular, current supernova data is consistent with no excess bulk flow on top of what is expected in LCDM and effectively captured by the covariance. We further clarify ...

  8. This article was downloaded by: [University of Chicago Library] On: 14 August 2013, At: 11:28

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barsegov, Valeri

    and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shallThis article was downloaded by: [University of Chicago Library] On: 14 August 2013, At: 11

  9. This article was downloaded by:[State Library of the University of Aarhus] [State Library of the University of Aarhus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Svane, Axel Torstein

    doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for anyThis article was downloaded by:[State Library of the University of Aarhus] [State Library

  10. This article was downloaded by: [McGill University Library] On: 01 April 2014, At: 07:58

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fussman, Gregor

    and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shallThis article was downloaded by: [McGill University Library] On: 01 April 2014, At: 07:58 Publisher

  11. This article was downloaded by: [Trinity University Library], [Peter Olofsson] On: 28 January 2013, At: 13:06

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olofsson, Peter

    be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claimsThis article was downloaded by: [Trinity University Library], [Peter Olofsson] On: 28 January 2013

  12. This article was downloaded by: [Naval Postgradute School, Dudley Knox Library] On: 18 April 2013, At: 11:04

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sritharan, S.S.

    be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claimsThis article was downloaded by: [Naval Postgradute School, Dudley Knox Library] On: 18 April 2013

  13. This article was downloaded by: [McGill University Library] On: 09 July 2013, At: 11:57

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levitin, Daniel

    and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shallThis article was downloaded by: [McGill University Library] On: 09 July 2013, At: 11:57 Publisher

  14. This article was downloaded by: [University of Chicago Library] On: 11 May 2014, At: 07:11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mykland, Per A.

    with primary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shall not be liable for any losses, actions, claimsThis article was downloaded by: [University of Chicago Library] On: 11 May 2014, At: 07

  15. This article was downloaded by:[State Library of the University of Aarhus] [State Library of the University of Aarhus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skibsted, Erik

    , formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallThis article was downloaded by:[State Library of the University of Aarhus] [State Library

  16. Properties of Bulk Sintered Silver As a Function of Porosity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wereszczak, Andrew A; Vuono, Daniel J; Wang, Hsin; Ferber, Mattison K; Liang, Zhenxian

    2012-06-01

    This report summarizes a study where various properties of bulk-sintered silver were investigated over a range of porosity. This work was conducted within the National Transportation Research Center's Power Device Packaging project that is part of the DOE Vehicle Technologies Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors Program. Sintered silver, as an interconnect material in power electronics, inherently has porosity in its produced structure because of the way it is made. Therefore, interest existed in this study to examine if that porosity affected electrical properties, thermal properties, and mechanical properties because any dependencies could affect the intended function (e.g., thermal transfer, mechanical stress relief, etc.) or reliability of that interconnect layer and alter how its performance is modeled. Disks of bulk-sintered silver were fabricated using different starting silver pastes and different sintering conditions to promote different amounts of porosity. Test coupons were harvested out of the disks to measure electrical resistivity and electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, coefficient of thermal expansion, elastic modulus, Poisson's ratio, and yield stress. The authors fully recognize that the microstructure of processed bulk silver coupons may indeed not be identical to the microstructure produced in thin (20-50 microns) layers of sintered silver. However, measuring these same properties with such a thin actual structure is very difficult, requires very specialized specimen preparation and unique testing instrumentation, is expensive, and has experimental shortfalls of its own, so the authors concluded that the herein measured responses using processed bulk sintered silver coupons would be sufficient to determine acceptable values of those properties. Almost all the investigated properties of bulk sintered silver changed with porosity content within a range of 3-38% porosity. Electrical resistivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, elastic modulus, Poisson's ratio, and yield stress all depended on the porosity content in bulk-sintered silver. The only investigated property that was independent of porosity in that range was coefficient of thermal expansion.

  17. Stress Tensor and Bulk Viscosity in Relativistic Nuclear Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainer J. Fries; Berndt Müller; Andreas Schäfer

    2008-08-30

    We discuss the influence of different initial conditions for the stress tensor and the effect of bulk viscosity on the expansion and cooling of the fireball created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. In particular, we explore the evolution of longitudinal and transverse components of the pressure and the extent of dissipative entropy production in the one-dimensional, boost-invariant hydrodynamic model. We find that a bulk viscosity consistent with recent estimates from lattice QCD further slows the equilibration of the system, however it does not significantly increase the entropy produced.

  18. Computing hypersurfaces which minimize surface energy plus bulk energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, John M.

    [Page 17] Computing hypersurfaces which minimize surface energy plus bulk energy John M. Sullivan this idea to construct an algorithm to find the minimum-energy surface on any boundary, where the surface energy density can depend on position or normal vector. Here we extend this algorithm to allow not only

  19. A phase space analysis for nonlinear bulk viscous cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giovanni Acquaviva; Aroonkumar Beesham

    2015-05-08

    We consider a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime filled with both viscous radiation and nonviscous dust. The former has a bulk viscosity which is proportional to an arbitrary power of the energy density, i.e. $\\zeta \\propto \\rho_v^{\

  20. TECHNICAL POLLUTION PREVENTION GUIDE FOR DRY BULK TERMINALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;TECHNICAL POLLUTION PREVENTION GUIDE FOR DRY BULK TERMINALS IN THE LOWER FRASER BASIN DOE FRAP 1996-19 Prepared for: Enviromnent Canada Environmental Protection Fraser Pollution Abatement North's report was fůnded by Environment Canada under the Fraser River Action Plan through its Fraser Pollution

  1. INTERNAL ELECTROSTATIC TRANSDUCTION FOR BULK-MODE MEMS RESONATORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Afshari, Ehsan

    This paper demonstrates a new approach to electrostatic drive and detection of bulk acoustic resonators coupled into the fundamental bending mode. The approach was deemed inefficient because air-gap capacitive by filling the air-gaps with a low Young's modulus, high- dielectric material. A more practical approach

  2. Synthesis of bulk superhard semiconducting B-C material

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solozhenko, Vladimir L.; Dubrovinskaia, Natalia A.; Dubrovinsky, Leonid S.

    2004-08-30

    A bulk composite superhard material was synthesized from graphitelike BC{sub 3} at 20 GPa and 2300 K using a multianvil press. The material consists of intergrown boron carbide B{sub 4}C and B-doped diamond with 1.8 at.%B. The material exhibits semiconducting behavior and extreme hardness comparable with that of single-crystal diamond.

  3. Stress tensor and bulk viscosity in relativistic nuclear collisions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fries, Rainer J.; Mueller, Berndt; Schaefer, Andreas.

    2008-01-01

    REVIEW C 78, 034913 (2008) Stress tensor and bulk viscosity in relativistic nuclear collisions Rainer J. Fries,1,2,3 Berndt Mu?ller,3,4 and Andreas Scha?fer3,5 1Cyclotron Institute and Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas...

  4. Permanent magnet with MgB{sub 2} bulk superconductor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamamoto, Akiyasu, E-mail: yamamoto@appchem.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp [The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); JST-PRESTO, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Ishihara, Atsushi; Tomita, Masaru [Railway Technical Research Institute, 2-8-38 Hikari, Kokubunji, Tokyo 185-8540 (Japan); Kishio, Kohji [The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

    2014-07-21

    Superconductors with persistent zero-resistance currents serve as permanent magnets for high-field applications requiring a strong and stable magnetic field, such as magnetic resonance imaging. The recent global helium shortage has quickened research into high-temperature superconductors (HTSs)—materials that can be used without conventional liquid-helium cooling to 4.2?K. Herein, we demonstrate that 40-K-class metallic HTS magnesium diboride (MgB{sub 2}) makes an excellent permanent bulk magnet, maintaining 3?T at 20?K for 1 week with an extremely high stability (<0.1 ppm/h). The magnetic field trapped in this magnet is uniformly distributed, as for single-crystalline neodymium-iron-boron. Magnetic hysteresis loop of the MgB{sub 2} permanent bulk magnet was determined. Because MgB{sub 2} is a simple-binary-line compound that does not contain rare-earth metals, polycrystalline bulk material can be industrially fabricated at low cost and with high yield to serve as strong magnets that are compatible with conventional compact cryocoolers, making MgB{sub 2} bulks promising for the next generation of Tesla-class permanent-magnet applications.

  5. Stresses resulting from compression of bulk cotton lint fibers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chimbombi, Ezekiel Maswe

    1998-01-01

    materials to determine if bale tie breakage would occur. Young's modulus of bulk lint cotton was found to be 9 MPa and the Poisson's ratio was 0. 1, while 12 MPa was recorded for the shear modulus. The FEA analysis showed that round steel ties, at six ties...

  6. Small Molecule Solution-Processed Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Candea, George

    Small Molecule Solution-Processed Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells Arthur Aebersold Supervisors: J in solution processed BHJ solar cells, which are made from a PCBM Squaraine DyeCyanine Dye Absorber Molecules solar cell performance show a trend for better devices with an intemediate active layer thickness

  7. Belt conveyors for bulk materials. 6th ed.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The 16 chapters are entitled: Belt conveyor general applications economics; Design considerations; Characteristics and conveyability of bulk materials; Capacities, belt widths and speeds; Belt conveyor idlers; Belt tension and power engineering; Belt selection; Pulleys and shafts; Curves; Steep angle conveying; Belt cleaners and accessories; Transfer points; Conveyor motor drives and controls; Operation, maintenance and safety; Belt takeups; and Emerging technologies. 6 apps.

  8. A COMPREHENSIVE TECHNICAL REVIEW OF THE DEMONSTRATION BULK VITRIFICATION SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SCHAUS, P.S.

    2006-09-29

    In May 2006, CH2M Hill Hanford Group, Inc. chartered an Expert Review Panel (ERP) to review the current status of the Demonstration Bulk Vitrification System (DBVS). It is the consensus of the ERP that bulk vitrification is a technology that requires further development and evaluation to determine its potential for meeting the Hanford waste stabilization mission. No fatal flaws (issues that would jeopardize the overall DBVS mission that cannot be mitigated) were found, given the current state of the project. However, a number of technical issues were found that could significantly affect the project's ability to meet its overall mission as stated in the project ''Justification of Mission Need'' document, if not satisfactorily resolved. The ERP recognizes that the project has changed from an accelerated schedule demonstration project to a formally chartered project that must be in full compliance with DOE 413.3 requirements. The perspective of the ERP presented herein, is measured against the formally chartered project as stated in the approved Justification of Mission Need document. A justification of Mission Need document was approved in July 2006 which defined the objectives for the DBVS Project. In this document, DOE concluded that bulk vitrification is a viable technology that requires additional development to determine its potential applicability to treatment of a portion of the Hanford low activity waste. The DBVS mission need statement now includes the following primary objectives: (1) process approximately 190,000 gallons of Tank S-109 waste into fifty 100 metric ton boxes of vitrified product; (2) store and dispose of these boxes at Hanford's Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF); (3) evaluate the waste form characteristics; (4) gather pilot plant operability data, and (5) develop the overall life cycle system performance of bulk vitrification and produce a comparison of the bulk vitrification process to building a second LAW Immobilization facility or other supplemental treatment alternatives as provided in M-62-08.

  9. Observing bulk diamond spin coherence in high-purity nanodiamonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helena S. Knowles; Dhiren M. Kara; Mete Atature

    2013-10-03

    Nitrogen-vacancy centres (NVs) in diamond are attractive for research straddling quantum information science and nanoscale magnetometry and thermometry. While ultrapure bulk diamond NVs sustain the longest spin coherence times among optically accessible spins, nanodiamond NVs display persistently poor spin coherence. Here we introduce high-purity nanodiamonds accommodating record-long NV coherence times, >60 us, observed via universal dynamical decoupling. We show that the main contribution to decoherence comes from nearby nitrogen impurities rather than surface states. We protect the NV spin free precession, essential to DC magnetometry, by driving solely these impurities into the motional narrowing regime. This extends the NV free induction decay time from 440 ns, longer than that in type Ib bulk diamond, to 1.27 us, which is comparable to that in type IIa (impurity-free) diamond. These properties allow the simultaneous exploitation of both high sensitivity and nanometre resolution in diamond-based emergent quantum technologies.

  10. Zinc-bromine batteries for bulk energy storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellows, R.J.; Einstein, H.; Elspass, C.; Grimes, P.; Katner, E.; Malachesky, P.; Newby, K.

    1983-08-01

    The development of a utility bulk energy market has been severely limited by the lack of better energy storage batteries. Lead acid batteries presently dominate the market. However, lead acid batteries suffer various limitations in the area of cost, maintenance, etc. Design projections for zinc-bromine batteries are attractive for bulk energy storage (BES) and electric vehicle (EV) applications in terms of low manufacturing costs and good performance characteristics. Zinc-bromine battery projections compare favorably with both current lead acid batteries and other advanced battery candidates. In recent years, Exxon's zinc-bromine battery program has shown rapid progress in terms of solving system problems and demonstrating both rapid scale-up of the system and competitively low cost manufacturing techniques.

  11. Accelerating cosmological expansion from shear and bulk viscosity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Floerchinger; Nikolaos Tetradis; Urs Achim Wiedemann

    2015-03-10

    The dissipation of energy from local velocity perturbations in the cosmological fluid affects the time evolution of spatially averaged fluid dynamic fields and the cosmological solution of Einstein's field equations. We show how this backreaction effect depends on shear and bulk viscosity and other material properties of the dark sector, as well as the spectrum of perturbations. If sufficiently large, this effect could account for the acceleration of the cosmological expansion.

  12. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Arizona | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration JumpPublic UtilityQuintasNEPARAPID/BulkTransmission/Arizona

  13. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Colorado | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration JumpPublicBulkTransmission/Colorado < RAPID‎ |

  14. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration JumpPublicBulkTransmission/Colorado < RAPID‎

  15. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment/Alaska | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration JumpPublicBulkTransmission/Colorado <

  16. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment/Arizona | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration JumpPublicBulkTransmission/Colorado

  17. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment/Colorado | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGenerationBulkTransmission/Environment/Colorado < RAPID‎ |

  18. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment/Federal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGenerationBulkTransmission/Environment/Colorado < RAPID‎

  19. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment/Hawaii | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGenerationBulkTransmission/Environment/Colorado <

  20. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Environment/Idaho | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGenerationBulkTransmission/Environment/Colorado

  1. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Land Use | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎ |

  2. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Power Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsourceBulkTransmission/Environment/Nevada < RAPID‎

  3. Bulk Hauling Equipment for CHG | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels| Department of EnergyEmergingEnergyBulk Hauling Equipment

  4. EFFECTIVE POROSITY IMPLIES EFFECTIVE BULK DENSITY IN SORBING SOLUTE TRANSPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flach, G.

    2012-02-27

    The concept of an effective porosity is widely used in solute transport modeling to account for the presence of a fraction of the medium that effectively does not influence solute migration, apart from taking up space. This non-participating volume or ineffective porosity plays the same role as the gas phase in single-phase liquid unsaturated transport: it increases pore velocity, which is useful towards reproducing observed solute travel times. The prevalent use of the effective porosity concept is reflected by its prominent inclusion in popular texts, e.g., de Marsily (1986), Fetter (1988, 1993) and Zheng and Bennett (2002). The purpose of this commentary is to point out that proper application of the concept for sorbing solutes requires more than simply reducing porosity while leaving other material properties unchanged. More specifically, effective porosity implies the corresponding need for an effective bulk density in a conventional single-porosity model. The reason is that the designated non-participating volume is composed of both solid and fluid phases, both of which must be neglected for consistency. Said another way, if solute does not enter the ineffective porosity then it also cannot contact the adjoining solid. Conceptually neglecting the fluid portion of the non-participating volume leads to a lower (effective) porosity. Likewise, discarding the solid portion of the non-participating volume inherently leads to a lower or effective bulk density. In the author's experience, practitioners virtually never adjust bulk density when adopting the effective porosity approach.

  5. Bulk Viscosity and Cavitation in Boost-Invariant Hydrodynamic Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishna Rajagopal; Nilesh Tripuraneni

    2010-02-16

    We solve second order relativistic hydrodynamics equations for a boost-invariant 1+1-dimensional expanding fluid with an equation of state taken from lattice calculations of the thermodynamics of strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma. We investigate the dependence of the energy density as a function of proper time on the values of the shear viscosity, the bulk viscosity, and second order coefficients, confirming that large changes in the values of the latter have negligible effects. Varying the shear viscosity between zero and a few times s/(4 pi), with s the entropy density, has significant effects, as expected based on other studies. Introducing a nonzero bulk viscosity also has significant effects. In fact, if the bulk viscosity peaks near the crossover temperature Tc to the degree indicated by recent lattice calculations in QCD without quarks, it can make the fluid cavitate -- falling apart into droplets. It is interesting to see a hydrodynamic calculation predicting its own breakdown, via cavitation, at the temperatures where hadronization is thought to occur in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions.

  6. Bulk Viscosity and Cavitation in Boost-Invariant Hydrodynamic Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Krishna

    2009-01-01

    We solve second order relativistic hydrodynamics equations for a boost-invariant 1+1-dimensional expanding fluid with an equation of state taken from lattice calculations of the thermodynamics of strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma. We investigate the dependence of the energy density as a function of proper time on the values of the shear viscosity, the bulk viscosity, and second order coefficients, confirming that large changes in the values of the latter have negligible effects. Varying the shear viscosity between zero and a few times s/(4 pi), with s the entropy density, has significant effects, as expected based on other studies. Introducing a nonzero bulk viscosity also has significant effects. In fact, if the bulk viscosity peaks near the crossover temperature Tc to the degree indicated by recent lattice calculations in QCD without quarks, it can make the fluid cavitate -- falling apart into droplets. It is interesting to see a hydrodynamic calculation predicting its own breakdown, via cavitation, at th...

  7. Standard practice for bulk sampling of liquid uranium hexafluoride

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2001-01-01

    1.1 This practice covers methods for withdrawing representative samples of liquid uranium hexafluoride (UF6) from bulk quantities of the material. Such samples are used for determining compliance with the applicable commercial specification, for example Specification C787 and Specification C996. 1.2 It is assumed that the bulk liquid UF6 being sampled comprises a single quality and quantity of material. This practice does not address any special additional arrangements that might be required for taking proportional or composite samples, or when the sampled bulk material is being added to UF6 residues already in a container (“heels recycle”). 1.3 The number of samples to be taken, their nominal sample weight, and their disposition shall be agreed upon between the parties. 1.4 The scope of this practice does not include provisions for preventing criticality incidents. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of th...

  8. Dynamics of dendritic polymers in the bulk and under confinement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chrissopoulou, K.; Fotiadou, S.; Androulaki, K.; Anastasiadis, S. H.; Tanis, I.; Karatasos, K.; Prevosto, D.; Labardi, M.; Frick, B.

    2014-05-15

    The structure and dynamics of a hyperbranched polyesteramide (Hybrane® S 1200) polymer and its nanocomposites with natural montmorillonite (Na{sup +}-MMT) are investigated by XRD, DSC, QENS, DS and Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation. In bulk, the energy-resolved elastically scattered intensity from the polymer exhibits two relaxation steps, one attributed to sub-T{sub g} motions and one observed at temperatures above the glass transition, T{sub g}. The QENS spectra measured over the complete temperature range are consistent with the elastic measurements and can be correlated to the results emerging from the detailed description afforded by the atomistic simulations, which predict the existence of three relaxation processes. Moreover, dielectric spectroscopy shows the sub- T{sub g} beta process as well as the segmental relaxation. For the nanocomposites, XRD reveals an intercalated structure for all hybrids with distinct interlayer distances due to polymer chains residing within the galleries of the Na{sup +}-MMT. The polymer chains confined within the galleries show similarities in the behavior with that of the polymer in the bulk for temperatures below the bulk polymer T{sub g}, whereas they exhibit frozen dynamics under confinement at temperatures higher than that.

  9. Generalized action-angle coordinates defined on island chains This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudson, Stuart

    Generalized action-angle coordinates defined on island chains This article has been downloaded from was downloaded on 18/12/2012 at 13:36 Please note that terms and conditions apply. View the table of contents) 014004 (5pp) doi:10.1088/0741-3335/55/1/014004 Generalized action-angle coordinates defined on island

  10. Client-Centered Energy and Delay Analysis for TCP Downloads Haijin Yan, Rupa Krishnan, Scott A. Watterson, David K. Lowenthal, Kang Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Kang

    time for energy savings during TCP downloads, in an attempt to reduce the energy*delay product. Effectively saving WNIC energy during a TCP download is difficult because TCP streams tend to be smooth power-saving mode. Results show that in Internet experiments our scheme outperforms baseline TCP by 64

  11. Downloaded 25 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp Downloaded 25 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    Downloaded 25 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 25 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 25 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    Downloaded 23 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 23 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 23 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Showalter, Kenneth

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    Pikovsky, Arkady

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    Economou, Demetre J.

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Shaul, Avinoam

    Downloaded 05 Dec 2003 to 132.64.1.37. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 05 Dec 2003 to 132.64.1.37. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 05 Dec 2003 to 132

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Jianshu

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attard, Phil

    Downloaded 02 Oct 2003 to 129.78.72.7. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 02 Oct 2003 to 129.78.72.7. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 02 Oct 2003 to 129

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downloaded 23 Nov 2005 to 198.35.4.75. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 23 Nov 2005 to 198.35.4.75. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 23 Nov 2005 to 198

  20. Downloaded 25 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp Downloaded 25 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

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  1. Downloaded 16 Aug 2008 to 132.77.4.43. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jap.aip.org/jap/copyright.jsp Downloaded 16 Aug 2008 to 132.77.4.43. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jap.aip.org/jap/copyr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiblum, Mordehai "Moty"

    Downloaded 16 Aug 2008 to 132.77.4.43. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jap.aip.org/jap/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 16 Aug 2008 to 132.77.4.43. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see to AIP license or copyright; see http://jap.aip.org/jap/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 16 Aug 2008 to 132

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebowitz, Joel

    Downloaded 18 Jun 2009 to 128.6.62.11. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 18 Jun 2009 to 128.6.62.11. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see to AIP license or copyright; see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 18 Jun 2009 to 128

  3. Downloaded 23 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp Downloaded 23 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    Downloaded 23 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 23 Jan 2004 to 18.51.1.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/jcpo/jcpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 23 Jan 2004 to 18

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agmon, Noam

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mynick, Harry E.

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  6. Downloaded 10 Feb 2005 to 198.35.4.95. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp Downloaded 10 Feb 2005 to 198.35.4.95. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mynick, Harry E.

    Downloaded 10 Feb 2005 to 198.35.4.95. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 10 Feb 2005 to 198.35.4.95. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 10 Feb 2005 to 198.35.4.95. Redistribution subject

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mynick, Harry E.

    Downloaded 11 Feb 2005 to 198.35.4.95. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pop.aip.org/pop/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 11 Feb 2005 to 198.35.4.95. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pop.aip.org/pop/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 11 Feb 2005 to 198.35.4.95. Redistribution subject

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

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  11. Analysis and forecast of the capesize bulk carriers shipping market using Artificial Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voudris, Athanasios V

    2006-01-01

    Investing in the bulk carrier market constitutes a rather risky investment due to the volatility of the bulk carrier freight rates. In this study it is attempted to uncover the benefits of using Artificial Neural Networks ...

  12. High-Energy, Low-Frequency Risk to the North American Bulk Power...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High-Energy, Low-Frequency Risk to the North American Bulk Power System (June 2010) High-Energy, Low-Frequency Risk to the North American Bulk Power System (June 2010) A...

  13. Notes 10. A thermohydrodynamic bulk-flow model for fluid film bearings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    San Andres, Luis

    2009-01-01

    The complete set of bulk-flow equations for the analysis of turbulent flow fluid film bearings. Importance of thermal effects in process fluid applications. A CFD method for solution of the bulk-flow equations....

  14. In vitro Corrosion and Haemocompatibility of Bulk Nanocrystalline 304 Stainless Steel by Severe Rolling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yufeng

    In vitro Corrosion and Haemocompatibility of Bulk Nanocrystalline 304 Stainless Steel by Severe; haemocompatibility. Abstract. Bulk nanocrystalline 304 stainless steel (nanocrystalline 304ss) discs had been successfully prepared by the commercial microcrystalline 304 stainless steel (microcrystalline 304ss) plate

  15. Risk-based Maintenance Allocation and Scheduling for Bulk Electric Power Transmission System Equipment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    risk of wide-area bulk transmission system failures. The work makes use of two previously developed1 Risk-based Maintenance Allocation and Scheduling for Bulk Electric Power Transmission System for bulk transmission equipment that is based on the cumulative long-term risk caused by each piece

  16. Strontium Titanate DC Electric Field Switchable and Tunable Bulk Acoustic Wave Solidly Mounted Resonator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    York, Robert A.

    Strontium Titanate DC Electric Field Switchable and Tunable Bulk Acoustic Wave Solidly Mounted.3 0/0. Index Terms - Acoustic resonators, bulk acoustic wave devices, delay filters, ferroelectric,4] that can be exploited to realize voltage-switchable bulk-acoustic wave (BAW) devices for RF applications [5

  17. dc electric field tunable bulk acoustic wave solidly mounted resonator using SrTiO3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    York, Robert A.

    dc electric field tunable bulk acoustic wave solidly mounted resonator using SrTiO3 G. N. SaddikTiO3 solidly mounted bulk acoustic wave resonator has been designed, fabricated, and tested of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.2759464 Thin film bulk acoustic wave resonators FBARs have been in use by research

  18. Automatic Bulk Weighing Systems EPO ABWS (Rev. 08/14) DRAFT Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Description of Test Methods The Automatic Bulk Weighing Systems (ABWS) code of NIST Handbook 44 requires/14) DRAFT Page 2 Proper selection of the best method to use for testing is dependent upon the amount of test bulk material entirely or a combination of bulk material and trim weights.1 Thus, the determination

  19. Automatic Bulk Weighing Systems EPO ABWS (Rev. 08/14) DRAFT Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Automatic Bulk Weighing Systems EPO ABWS (Rev. 08/14) DRAFT Page 1 EPO No. 16 Appendix B amount of scale error (high level steps 2 and 3) #12;Automatic Bulk Weighing Systems EPO ABWS (Rev. 08 step 1: Error = - 3 #12;Automatic Bulk Weighing Systems EPO ABWS (Rev. 08/14) DRAFT Page 3 Evaluating

  20. Automatic Bulk Weighing Systems EPO ABWS (Rev. 08/14) DRAFT Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Automatic Bulk Weighing Systems EPO ABWS (Rev. 08/14) DRAFT Page 1 EPO No. 16 Appendix B of the scale; then remove the error weights. #12;Automatic Bulk Weighing Systems EPO ABWS (Rev. 08/14) DRAFT consecutive digital increments not permitted to be greater than 0.3 d Lower Increment #12;Automatic Bulk

  1. View and download all Security Smarts for your safety and security meetings

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 -UsingHeat & Cool »VideoNewsand download all

  2. Bulk elastic fingering instability in Hele-Shaw cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baudouin Saintyves; Olivier Dauchot; Elisabeth Bouchaud

    2013-08-17

    We demonstrate experimentally the existence of a purely elastic fingering instability which arises when air penetrates into an elastomer confined in a Hele-Shaw cell. Fingers appear sequentially and propagate within the bulk of the material as soon as a critical strain, independent of the elastic modulus, is exceeded. Their width depends non-linearly on the distance between the confining glass plates. A key element in the driving force of the instability is the adhesion of layers of gels to the plates, which results in a considerable expense of elastic energy during the growth of the air bubble.

  3. Radiative cooling of bulk silicon by incoherent light pump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malyutenko, V. K. Bogatyrenko, V. V.; Malyutenko, O. Yu.

    2013-12-23

    In contrast to radiative cooling by light up conversion caused exclusively by a low-entropy laser pump and employing thermally assisted fluorescence/luminescence as a power out, we demonstrate light down conversion cooling by incoherent pumps, 0.47–0.94??m light emitting diodes, and employing thermal emission (TE) as a power out. We demonstrate ?3.5?K bulk cooling of Si at 450?K because overall energy of multiple below bandgap TE photons exceeds the energy of a single above bandgap pump photon. We show that using large entropy TE as power out helps avoid careful tuning of an incoherent pump wavelength and cool indirect-bandgap semiconductors.

  4. Multifunctional bulk plasma source based on discharge with electron injection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klimov, A. S.; Medovnik, A. V.; Tyunkov, A. V.; Savkin, K. P.; Shandrikov, M. V.; Vizir, A. V.

    2013-01-15

    A bulk plasma source, based on a high-current dc glow discharge with electron injection, is described. Electron injection and some special design features of the plasma arc emitter provide a plasma source with very long periods between maintenance down-times and a long overall lifetime. The source uses a sectioned sputter-electrode array with six individual sputter targets, each of which can be independently biased. This discharge assembly configuration provides multifunctional operation, including plasma generation from different gases (argon, nitrogen, oxygen, acetylene) and deposition of composite metal nitride and oxide coatings.

  5. Non-Brownian molecular self-diffusion in bulk water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janez Stepišnik; Aleš Mohori?; Igor Serša

    2010-10-06

    The paper presents the velocity autocorrelation spectrum of bulk water measured by a new technique of NMR modulated gradient spin echo method. This technique is unprecedented for the spectrum measurement in the frequency interval between a few Hz to about 100 kHz with respect to directness and clarity of results and shows that a simple model of Brownian self-diffusion is not applicable to describe the diffusion dynamics of water molecules. The observed temperature dependant spectra of water show the existence of a slow chain-like dynamics in water, which we explain by coupling of diffusing molecule to broken bonds in the hydrogen bond network.

  6. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Air Quality | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration JumpPublic UtilityQuintasNEPA TimelinesBulkTransmission/Air

  7. Comments on universal properties of entanglement entropy and bulk reconstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haehl, Felix M

    2015-01-01

    Entanglement entropy of holographic CFTs is expected to play a crucial role in the reconstruction of semiclassical bulk gravity. We consider the entanglement entropy of spherical regions of vacuum, which is known to contain universal contributions. After perturbing the CFT with a relevant scalar operator, also the first order change of this quantity gives a universal term which only depends on a discrete set of basic CFT parameters. We show that in gravity this statement corresponds to the uniqueness of the ghost-free graviton propagator on an AdS background geometry. While the gravitational dynamics in this context contains little information about the structure of the bulk theory, there is a discrete set of dimensionless parameters of the theory which determines the entanglement entropy. We argue that for every (not necessarily holographic) CFT, any reasonable gravity model can be used to compute this particular entanglement entropy. We elucidate how this statement is consistent with AdS/CFT and also give v...

  8. Powder metallurgy processing and deformation characteristics of bulk multimodal nickel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farbaniec, L.; Dirras, G.; Krawczynska, A.; Mompiou, F.; Couque, H.; Naimi, F.; Bernard, F.; Tingaud, D.

    2014-08-15

    Spark plasma sintering was used to process bulk nickel samples from a blend of three powder types. The resulting multimodal microstructure was made of coarse (average size ? 135 ?m) spherical microcrystalline entities (the core) surrounded by a fine-grained matrix (average grain size ? 1.5 ?m) or a thick rim (the shell) distinguishable from the matrix. Tensile tests revealed yield strength of ? 470 MPa that was accompanied by limited ductility (? 2.8% plastic strain). Microstructure observation after testing showed debonding at interfaces between the matrix and the coarse entities, but in many instances, shallow dimples within the rim were observed indicating local ductile events in the shell. Dislocation emission and annihilation at grain boundaries and twinning at crack tip were the main deformation mechanisms taking place within the fine-grained matrix as revealed by in-situ transmission electron microscopy. Estimation of the stress from loop's curvature and dislocation pile-up indicates that dislocation emission from grain boundaries and grain boundary overcoming largely contributes to the flow stress. - Highlights: • Bulk multi-modal Ni was processed by SPS from a powder blend. • Ultrafine-grained matrix or rim observed around spherical microcrystalline entities • Yield strength (470 MPa) and ductility (2.8% plastic strain) were measured. • Debonding was found at the matrix/microcrystalline entity interfaces. • In-situ TEM showed twinning, dislocation emission and annihilation at grain boundaries.

  9. Corrosion of Metal Inclusions In Bulk Vitrification Waste Packages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bacon, Diana H.; Pierce, Eric M.; Wellman, Dawn M.; Strachan, Denis M.; Josephson, Gary B.

    2006-07-31

    The primary purpose of the work reported here is to analyze the potential effect of the release of technetium (Tc) from metal inclusions in bulk vitrification waste packages once they are placed in the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF). As part of the strategy for immobilizing waste from the underground tanks at Hanford, selected wastes will be immobilized using bulk vitrification. During analyses of the glass produced in engineering-scale tests, metal inclusions were found in the glass product. This report contains the results from experiments designed to quantify the corrosion rates of metal inclusions found in the glass product from AMEC Test ES-32B and simulations designed to compare the rate of Tc release from the metal inclusions to the release of Tc from glass produced with the bulk vitrification process. In the simulations, the Tc in the metal inclusions was assumed to be released congruently during metal corrosion as soluble TcO4-. The experimental results and modeling calculations show that the metal corrosion rate will, under all conceivable conditions at the IDF, be dominated by the presence of the passivating layer and corrosion products on the metal particles. As a result, the release of Tc from the metal particles at the surfaces of fractures in the glass releases at a rate similar to the Tc present as a soluble salt. The release of the remaining Tc in the metal is controlled by the dissolution of the glass matrix. To summarize, the release of 99Tc from the BV glass within precipitated Fe is directly proportional to the diameter of the Fe particles and to the amount of precipitated Fe. However, the main contribution to the Tc release from the iron particles is over the same time period as the release of the soluble Tc salt. For the base case used in this study (0.48 mass% of 0.5 mm diameter metal particles homogeneously distributed in the BV glass), the release of 99Tc from the metal is approximately the same as the release from 0.3 mass% soluble Tc salt in the castable refractory block and it is released over the same time period as the salt. Therefore, to limit the impact of precipitated Fe on the release of 99Tc, both the amount of precipitated Fe in the BV glass and the diameter of these particles should be minimized.

  10. This article was downloaded by: [University of New Hampshire] On: 21 December 2014, At: 07:15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    This article was downloaded by: [University of New Hampshire] On: 21 December 2014, At: 07, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire, USA b Esri, Redlands, California, USA c School of Civil://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms- and-conditions Downloadedby[UniversityofNewHampshire]at07:1521December2014 #12;Marine Geodesy, 38

  11. This article was downloaded by: [University of New Hampshire] On: 16 July 2014, At: 12:20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    This article was downloaded by: [University of New Hampshire] On: 16 July 2014, At: 12:20 Publisher and Ocean Mapping, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, USA b National Oceanic and Atmospheric://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms- and-conditions Downloadedby[UniversityofNewHampshire]at12:2016July2014 #12;Marine Geodesy, 37

  12. This article was downloaded by: [University of Washington Libraries] On: 20 March 2013, At: 19:38

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Norman Makoto

    This article was downloaded by: [University of Washington Libraries] On: 20 March 2013, At: 19-pattern analysis, we derive measures of routineness from these real-world data. In terms of routineness, we show-patterns of interactions with information and computational media are important indicators of facets of routineness

  13. This article was downloaded by: [Institute of Geology and Geophysics of CAS] On: 29 November 2011, At: 16:34

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Weidong

    This article was downloaded by: [Institute of Geology and Geophysics of CAS] On: 29 November 2011 a & Dunyi Liu b a Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China b Beijing Fana and Dunyi Liub a Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

  14. Visit the National Academies Press online and register for... Instant access to free PDF downloads of titles from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    Visit the National Academies Press online and register for... Instant access to free PDF downloads permission of the National Academies Press. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF Press at http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12888 ISBN 978-0-309-15249-5 198 pages 6 x 9 PAPERBACK

  15. Visit the National Academies Press online and register for... Instant access to free PDF downloads of titles from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visit the National Academies Press online and register for... Instant access to free PDF downloads permission of the National Academies Press. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF Press at http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12781 ISBN 978-0-309-14585-5 144 pages 7 x 10

  16. This article was downloaded by: [University of Hawaii at Manoa] On: 26 January 2012, At: 17:10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    This article was downloaded by: [University of Hawaii at Manoa] On: 26 January 2012, At: 17: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/ujfm20 Technological and Economic Interrelationships in Hawaii's Troll Biosciences and Bioengineering, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1955 East-West Road, Agriculture Science

  17. Antenna Installation Request for Vendors (Please download, complete, print, and sign the request; and send it to Communications Services.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bigelow, Stephen

    06/01/01 Antenna Installation Request for Vendors (Please download, complete, print, and sign ____ Is a mast proposed for use with the whip? Yes ____ No____ If yes, state height, and mast construction material (wood, metal, fiberglass, etc.) ! Long wire ____ Length ____Height Of Mast ____ State mast

  18. Transmission eigenvalues This content has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cakoni, Fioralba

    Transmission eigenvalues This content has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down PROBLEMS Inverse Problems 29 (2013) 100201 (3pp) doi:10.1088/0266-5611/29/10/100201 EDITORIAL Transmission, transmission eigenvalues can be seen as the extension of the notion of resonant frequencies for impenetrable

  19. This article was downloaded by: [University North Carolina -Chapel Hill] On: 19 July 2012, At: 11:00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Haipeng

    This article was downloaded by: [University North Carolina - Chapel Hill] On: 19 July 2012, At: 11 of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599 b Biomedical Research Imaging Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599 c Department of Statistics and Operations Research

  20. This article was downloaded by: [North Carolina State University] On: 01 November 2013, At: 06:27

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    This article was downloaded by: [North Carolina State University] On: 01 November 2013, At: 06 of Forestry & Environmental Resources , North Carolina State University , Raleigh , North Carolina , USA b://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms- and-conditions Downloadedby[NorthCarolinaStateUniversity]at06:2701November2013 #12;Stakeholder

  1. This article was downloaded by: [North Carolina State University] On: 29 January 2013, At: 10:30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharf, Fred

    This article was downloaded by: [North Carolina State University] On: 29 January 2013, At: 10://www.tandfonline.com/loi/utaf20 Telemetry-Based Mortality Estimates of Juvenile Spot in Two North Carolina Estuarine Creeks Sarah d a Department of Biology, Center for Marine Sciences and Technology, North Carolina State

  2. This article was downloaded by: [North Carolina State University], [James R. Wilson] On: 03 August 2014, At: 08:12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This article was downloaded by: [North Carolina State University], [James R. Wilson] On: 03 August of Industrial and Systems Engineering, North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7906, Raleigh, NC 27695-7906, USA c Department of Textile and Apparel Technology and Management, North Carolina State University

  3. Interfaces within graphene nanoribbons This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    Interfaces within graphene nanoribbons This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please s i c s New Journal of Physics Interfaces within graphene nanoribbons J Wurm1,2,4 , M Wimmer1 , I the conductance through two types of graphene nanostructures: nanoribbon junctions in which the width changes from

  4. Polydimethylsiloxane based microfluidic diode This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quake, Stephen R.

    Polydimethylsiloxane based microfluidic diode This article has been downloaded from IOPscience­1521 doi:10.1088/0960-1317/15/8/020 Polydimethylsiloxane based microfluidic diode M L Adams1, M L Johnston2/1517 Abstract In this paper, we present a novel elastomer-based microfluidic device for rectifying flow

  5. This article was downloaded by: [University of South Carolina ] On: 03 June 2014, At: 00:20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    This article was downloaded by: [University of South Carolina ] On: 03 June 2014, At: 00 a University of South Carolina , Columbia, SC, USA b Brown University , Providence, RI, USA Published online anaphors in spoken language comprehension Amit Almor University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA Peter

  6. This article was downloaded by: [University of South Carolina ] On: 03 June 2014, At: 00:10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    This article was downloaded by: [University of South Carolina ] On: 03 June 2014, At: 00 Almor a b a Linguistics Program , University of South Carolina , Columbia, SC, USA b Psychology Department , University of South Carolina , Columbia, SC, USA Published online: 23 Jul 2010. To cite

  7. This article was downloaded by: [University of Stirling Library] On: 13 June 2012, At: 06:31

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Tony

    be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claimsThis article was downloaded by: [University of Stirling Library] On: 13 June 2012, At: 06 in connection with or arising out of the use of this material. Downloadedby[UniversityofStirlingLibrary]at06

  8. This article was downloaded by: [KU Leuven University Library] On: 29 July 2014, At: 04:09

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shallThis article was downloaded by: [KU Leuven University Library] On: 29 July 2014, At: 04. Downloadedby[KULeuvenUniversityLibrary]at04:0929July2014 #12;©2002 Marcel Dekker, Inc. All rights reserved

  9. This article was downloaded by: [KU Leuven University Library] On: 30 July 2014, At: 04:25

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be independently verified with primary sources of information. Taylor and #12;Francis shall not be liable for anyThis article was downloaded by: [KU Leuven University Library] On: 30 July 2014, At: 04://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms-and- conditions Downloadedby[KULeuvenUniversityLibrary]at04:2530July2014 #12;Baibing Li 2nd Bart De Moor Kcy !~t

  10. Visit the National Academies Press online and register for... Instant access to free PDF downloads of titles from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the National Academy of38 Sciences and the Department of Energy and National Nuclear Security AdministrationVisit the National Academies Press online and register for... Instant access to free PDF downloads permission of the National Academies Press. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF

  11. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at Oklahoma State University (http://www.hvac.okstate.edu) The correct citation for this paper is: Lorenzo in either paper or digital form without ASHRAE's permission. #12;This article was downloaded by: [Oklahoma a & Annamalai Ramesh a a School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater

  12. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at Oklahoma State University (http://www.hvac.okstate.edu) The correct citation for this paper is: Jeffrey without ASHRAE's permission. #12;This article was downloaded by: [Oklahoma State University] On: 16 Bernier PhD b a Fellow ASHRAE, Oklahoma State University b Member ASHRAE, Ecole Polytechnique de Montréal

  13. Home News Reviews How-To Blogs Videos Downloads Shop & Compare Community Business Center Subscribe & Get a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arizona, University of

    Home News Reviews How-To Blogs Videos Downloads Shop & Compare Community Business Center Magazine to Wolfgang Fink, a physicist and senior researcher at the California Institute of Technology. "Robotic VoIP Web Demo Learn how VoIP technology can improve your business communications. Join Us for a Live

  14. This article was downloaded by: [University of California, Riverside Libraries] On: 29 October 2014, At: 15:37

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This article was downloaded by: [University of California, Riverside Libraries] On: 29 October 2014: Phonon Thermal Transport Alexander A. Balandin a , Denis L. Nika b a Department of Electrical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering Program , University of California--Riverside , Riverside , California , U

  15. HowtoArchiveandPrint(orDownload)WebCTDiscussions 1. Login to WebCT and go into your course.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    a save or print option: · To save the Discussion messages as plain text with attachments, click the Save as File button. The file will be saved to your default download folder. · To print a hardcopy of the the discussion message, click the Print button and select your printer. · To save an HTML version

  16. Downloading files from Moodle 1) Log into you course using your UCID login and password (http://moodle.njit.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieber, Michael

    will ask you whether you want to "Open" or "Save" the file. The exact message will vary depending upon whatPoint. With both browsers, if "Save" is selected, the file will be downloaded to your computer and can then be opened by navigating to and opening the file. #12;Figure 3: Choose "Open" or "Save" 5) Top open a Word

  17. Management Racks | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousandReport)Price (Dollars perManagement Council EmilioGlobus

  18. Downloaded 08 Aug 2005 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pop.aip.org/pop/copyright.jsp Downloaded 08 Aug 2005 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pop.aip.org/pop/c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Downloaded 08 Aug 2005 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pop.aip.org/pop/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 08 Aug 2005 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

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    Chierchia, Luigi

    Downloaded 26 Jul 2004 to 193.204.165.181. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 26 Jul 2004 to 193.204.165.181. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downloaded 23 Feb 2012 to 171.64.124.19. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see.64.124.19. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Downloaded 23 Feb 2012 to 171.64.124.19. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http

  1. Downloaded 20 Apr 2008 to 134.219.176.140. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 20 Apr 2008 to 134.219.176.140. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jmp.aip.org/j

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    Essam, John W.

    Downloaded 20 Apr 2008 to 134.219.176.140. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 20 Apr 2008 to 134.219.176.140. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http

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    Marsden, Jerrold

    Downloaded 15 Jul 2004 to 131.215.226.111. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 15 Jul 2004 to 131.215.226.111. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

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    Berry, R. Stephen

    Downloaded 22 May 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 22 May 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

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    California at San Diego, University of

    Downloaded 05 Jun 2006 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 05 Jun 2006 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

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    Tomsovic, Steve

    Downloaded 04 Jun 2004 to 134.121.46.30. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://chaos.aip.org/chaos/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 04 Jun 2004 to 134.121.46.30. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downloaded 14 Mar 2006 to 171.64.124.26. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 14 Mar 2006 to 171.64.124.26. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  7. Downloaded 04 Nov 2004 to 136.142.113.102. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 04 Nov 2004 to 136.142.113.102. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Connell, Robert F.

    Downloaded 04 Nov 2004 to 136.142.113.102. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 04 Nov 2004 to 136.142.113.102. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  8. Downloaded 17 Sep 2008 to 170.140.113.140. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 17 Sep 2008 to 170.140.113.140. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weeks, Eric R.

    Downloaded 17 Sep 2008 to 170.140.113.140. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 17 Sep 2008 to 170.140.113.140. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http

  9. Downloaded 05 Oct 2004 to 137.82.36.23. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://chaos.aip.org/chaos/copyright.jsp Downloaded 05 Oct 2004 to 137.82.36.23. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://chaos.aip.org/c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balmforth, Neil

    Downloaded 05 Oct 2004 to 137.82.36.23. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://chaos.aip.org/chaos/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 05 Oct 2004 to 137.82.36.23. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  10. Downloaded 16 Jan 2009 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp Downloaded 16 Jan 2009 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://pof.aip.org/pof/c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Downloaded 16 Jan 2009 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 16 Jan 2009 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http

  11. Downloaded 19 Feb 2009 to 150.214.102.61. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://proceedings.aip.org/proceedings/cpcr.jsp Downloaded 19 Feb 2009 to 150.214.102.61. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://proc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franzese, Giancarlo

    Downloaded 19 Feb 2009 to 150.214.102.61. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see.214.102.61. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://proceedings.aip.org/proceedings/cpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 19 Feb 2009 to 150.214.102.61. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http

  12. Downloaded 08 Apr 2004 to 128.151.144.135. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jap.aip.org/jap/copyright.jsp Downloaded 08 Apr 2004 to 128.151.144.135. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jap.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teitel, Stephen L.

    Downloaded 08 Apr 2004 to 128.151.144.135. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jap.aip.org/jap/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 08 Apr 2004 to 128.151.144.135. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  13. Downloaded 19 Mar 2003 to 141.213.19.32. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://proceedings.aip.org/proceedings/cpcr.jsp Downloaded 19 Mar 2003 to 141.213.19.32. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://procee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umstadter, Donald

    Downloaded 19 Mar 2003 to 141.213.19.32. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see.213.19.32. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://proceedings.aip.org/proceedings/cpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 19 Mar 2003 to 141.213.19.32. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  14. Downloaded 20 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jap.aip.org/jap/copyright.jsp Downloaded 20 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jap.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    Downloaded 20 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jap.aip.org/jap/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 20 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  15. Downloaded 13 Sep 2004 to 132.203.76.16. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://chaos.aip.org/chaos/copyright.jsp Downloaded 13 Sep 2004 to 132.203.76.16. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://chaos.aip.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkley, Dwight

    Downloaded 13 Sep 2004 to 132.203.76.16. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://chaos.aip.org/chaos/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 13 Sep 2004 to 132.203.76.16. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  16. Downloaded 14 Sep 2004 to 128.196.212.217. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 14 Sep 2004 to 128.196.212.217. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibener, Steven

    Downloaded 14 Sep 2004 to 128.196.212.217. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 14 Sep 2004 to 128.196.212.217. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  17. Downloaded 29 Mar 2004 to 128.104.223.199. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp Downloaded 29 Mar 2004 to 128.104.223.199. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/p

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Downloaded 29 Mar 2004 to 128.104.223.199. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 29 Mar 2004 to 128.104.223.199. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  18. Downloaded 28 Dec 2005 to 132.229.227.120. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 28 Dec 2005 to 132.229.227.120. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Saarloos, Wim

    Downloaded 28 Dec 2005 to 132.229.227.120. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 28 Dec 2005 to 132.229.227.120. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  19. Downloaded 09 Feb 2010 to 171.64.124.75. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 09 Feb 2010 to 171.64.124.75. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downloaded 09 Feb 2010 to 171.64.124.75. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 09 Feb 2010 to 171.64.124.75. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http

  20. Downloaded 06 Mar 2009 to 128.135.186.78. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://proceedings.aip.org/proceedings/cpcr.jsp Downloaded 06 Mar 2009 to 128.135.186.78. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://proc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berthier, Ludovic

    Downloaded 06 Mar 2009 to 128.135.186.78. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see.135.186.78. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://proceedings.aip.org/proceedings/cpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 06 Mar 2009 to 128.135.186.78. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http

  1. Downloaded 20 Nov 2006 to 128.118.127.157. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 20 Nov 2006 to 128.118.127.157. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, James B.

    Downloaded 20 Nov 2006 to 128.118.127.157. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 20 Nov 2006 to 128.118.127.157. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  2. Downloaded 27 Apr 2004 to 128.208.71.208. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://chaos.aip.org/chaos/copyright.jsp Downloaded 27 Apr 2004 to 128.208.71.208. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://chaos.aip.o

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downloaded 27 Apr 2004 to 128.208.71.208. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://chaos.aip.org/chaos/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 27 Apr 2004 to 128.208.71.208. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  3. Downloaded 24 Jul 2005 to 150.203.2.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://rsi.aip.org/rsi/copyright.jsp Downloaded 24 Jul 2005 to 150.203.2.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://rsi.aip.org/rsi/c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, John

    Downloaded 24 Jul 2005 to 150.203.2.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://rsi.aip.org/rsi/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 24 Jul 2005 to 150.203.2.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  4. Downloaded 08 Dec 2005 to 128.197.177.207. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jap.aip.org/jap/copyright.jsp Downloaded 08 Dec 2005 to 128.197.177.207. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jap.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teich, Malvin C.

    Downloaded 08 Dec 2005 to 128.197.177.207. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jap.aip.org/jap/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 08 Dec 2005 to 128.197.177.207. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  5. Downloaded 01 Apr 2003 to 169.229.124.234. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://proceedings.aip.org/proceedings/cpcr.jsp Downloaded 01 Apr 2003 to 169.229.124.234. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    Downloaded 01 Apr 2003 to 169.229.124.234. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see.229.124.234. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://proceedings.aip.org/proceedings/cpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 01 Apr 2003 to 169.229.124.234. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  6. Downloaded 13 Apr 2009 to 129.110.241.122. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 13 Apr 2009 to 129.110.241.122. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Steven O.

    Downloaded 13 Apr 2009 to 129.110.241.122. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 13 Apr 2009 to 129.110.241.122. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http

  7. Downloaded 15 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 15 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    Downloaded 15 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 15 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  8. Downloaded 21 Nov 2003 to 128.32.113.135. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://proceedings.aip.org/proceedings/cpcr.jsp Downloaded 21 Nov 2003 to 128.32.113.135. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://proc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    Downloaded 21 Nov 2003 to 128.32.113.135. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see.32.113.135. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://proceedings.aip.org/proceedings/cpcr.jsp #12;s > 1 tail head tail Downloaded 21 Nov 2003 to 128.32.113.135. Redistribution subject to AIP license

  9. Downloaded 03 Nov 2004 to 136.142.113.102. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 03 Nov 2004 to 136.142.113.102. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Connell, Robert F.

    Downloaded 03 Nov 2004 to 136.142.113.102. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 03 Nov 2004 to 136.142.113.102. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  10. Downloaded 14 Sep 2004 to 163.245.136.141. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://rsi.aip.org/rsi/copyright.jsp Downloaded 14 Sep 2004 to 163.245.136.141. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://rsi.aip.org/r

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibener, Steven

    Downloaded 14 Sep 2004 to 163.245.136.141. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://rsi.aip.org/rsi/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 14 Sep 2004 to 163.245.136.141. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  11. Downloaded 08 Aug 2005 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp Downloaded 08 Aug 2005 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Downloaded 08 Aug 2005 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 08 Aug 2005 to 132.239.69.90. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  12. Downloaded 12 Jan 2005 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 12 Jan 2005 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    Downloaded 12 Jan 2005 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 12 Jan 2005 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  13. Downloaded 30 Dec 2009 to 128.183.109.168. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 30 Dec 2009 to 128.183.109.168. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackman, Charles H.

    Downloaded 30 Dec 2009 to 128.183.109.168. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 30 Dec 2009 to 128.183.109.168. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http

  14. Downloaded 22 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jap.aip.org/jap/copyright.jsp Downloaded 22 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jap.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    Downloaded 22 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jap.aip.org/jap/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 22 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  15. Downloaded 19 Nov 2004 to 128.59.51.151. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://chaos.aip.org/chaos/copyright.jsp Downloaded 19 Nov 2004 to 128.59.51.151. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://chaos.aip.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downloaded 19 Nov 2004 to 128.59.51.151. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://chaos.aip.org/chaos/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 19 Nov 2004 to 128.59.51.151. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  16. Downloaded 23 Feb 2012 to 171.64.124.19. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/about/rights and permissions Downloaded 23 Feb 2012 to 171.64.124.19. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.ai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downloaded 23 Feb 2012 to 171.64.124.19. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see.64.124.19. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Downloaded 23 Feb 2012 to 171.64.124.19. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http

  17. Downloaded 17 Apr 2006 to 150.203.2.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp Downloaded 17 Apr 2006 to 150.203.2.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dewar, Robert L.

    Downloaded 17 Apr 2006 to 150.203.2.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pof.aip.org/pof/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 17 Apr 2006 to 150.203.2.222. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  18. Downloaded 24 Apr 2003 to 169.229.124.237. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://proceedings.aip.org/proceedings/cpcr.jsp Downloaded 24 Apr 2003 to 169.229.124.237. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://pr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    Downloaded 24 Apr 2003 to 169.229.124.237. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see.229.124.237. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://proceedings.aip.org/proceedings/cpcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 24 Apr 2003 to 169.229.124.237. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  19. Downloaded 20 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 20 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    Downloaded 20 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 20 Mar 2004 to 128.135.233.250. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  20. Downloaded 20 Jul 2006 to 128.112.35.75. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 20 Jul 2006 to 128.112.35.75. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downloaded 20 Jul 2006 to 128.112.35.75. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 20 Jul 2006 to 128.112.35.75. Redistribution to 128.112.35.75. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  1. Downloaded 01 Feb 2006 to 128.112.35.206. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp Downloaded 01 Feb 2006 to 128.112.35.206. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    Downloaded 01 Feb 2006 to 128.112.35.206. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/copyright.jsp #12;Downloaded 01 Feb 2006 to 128.112.35.206. Redistribution to 128.112.35.206. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http

  2. Theory of anomalous optical properties of bulk Rashba conductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shibata, Junya; Kohno, Hiroshi; Tatara, Gen

    2015-01-01

    The Rashba interaction induced when inversion symmetry is broken in solids is a key interaction connecting spin and charge for realizing novel magnetoelectric cross-correlation effects. Here, we theoretically explore the optical properties of a bulk Rashba conductor by calculating the transport coefficients at finite frequencies. It is demonstrated that the combination of direct and inverse Edelstein effects leads to a softening of the plasma frequency for the electric field perpendicular to the Rashba field, resulting in a hyperbolic electromagnetic metamaterial. In the presence of magnetization, a significant enhancement of anisotropic propagation (directional dichroism) is predicted because of interband transition edge singularity.Based on an effective Hamiltonian analysis, the dichroism is demonstrated to be driven by toroidal and quadratic moments of the magnetic Rashba system. The effective theory of the cross-correlation effects has the same mathematical structure as that of insulating multiferroics.

  3. Interaction of graphene quantum dots with bulk semiconductor surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohapatra, P. K.; Singh, B. P.; Kushavah, Dushyant; Mohapatra, J.

    2015-05-15

    Highly luminescent graphene quantum dots (GQDs) are synthesized through thermolysis of glucose. The average lateral size of the synthesized GQDs is found to be ?5 nm. The occurrence of D and G band at 1345 and 1580 cm{sup ?1} in Raman spectrum confirms the presence of graphene layers. GQDs are mostly consisting of 3 to 4 graphene layers as confirmed from the AFM measurements. Photoluminescence (PL) measurement shows a distinct broadening of the spectrum when GQDs are on the semiconducting bulk surface compared to GQDs in water. The time resolved PL measurement shows a significant shortening in PL lifetime due to the substrate interaction on GQDs compared to the GQDs in solution phase.

  4. Irradiation Induced Dimensional Changes in Bulk Graphite; The theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. V. Panyukov; A. V. Subbotin; M. V. Arjakov

    2012-10-14

    Basing on experimental data on irradiation-induced deformation of graphite we introduced a concept of diffuse domain structure developed in reactor graphite produced by extrusion. Such domains are considered as random continuous deviations of local graphite texture from the global one. We elucidate the origin of domain structure and estimate the size and the degree of orientational ordering of its domains. Using this concept we explain the well known radiation-induced size effect observed in reactor graphite. We also propose a method for converting the experimental data on shape-change of finite-size samples to bulk graphite. This method gives a more accurate evaluation of corresponding data used in estimations of reactor graphite components lifetime under irradiation.

  5. Cavitation from bulk viscosity in neutron stars and quark stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jes Madsen

    2009-09-30

    The bulk viscosity in quark matter is sufficiently high to reduce the effective pressure below the corresponding vapor pressure during density perturbations in neutron stars and strange stars. This leads to mechanical instability where the quark matter breaks apart into fragments comparable to cavitation scenarios discussed for ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Similar phenomena may take place in kaon-condensed stellar cores. Possible applications to compact star phenomenology include a new mechanism for damping oscillations and instabilities, triggering of phase transitions, changes in gravitational wave signatures of binary star inspiral, and astrophysical formation of strangelets. At a more fundamental level it points to the possible inadequacy of a hydrodynamical treatment of these processes in compact stars.

  6. Cavitation from bulk viscosity in neutron stars and strange stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madsen, Jes

    2009-01-01

    The bulk viscosity in quark matter is sufficiently high to reduce the effective pressure below the corresponding vapor pressure during density perturbations in neutron stars and strange stars. This leads to mechanical instability where the quark matter breaks apart into fragments comparable to cavitation scenarios discussed for ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Similar phenomena may take place in kaon-condensed stellar cores. Possible applications to compact star phenomenology include a new mechanism for damping oscillations and instabilities, triggering of phase transitions, changes in gravitational wave signatures of binary star inspiral, and astrophysical formation of strangelets. At a more fundamental level it points to the possible inadequacy of a hydrodynamical treatment of these processes in compact stars.

  7. Fusion of conformal interfaces and bulk induced boundary RG flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anatoly Konechny

    2015-09-25

    We consider the basic radius changing conformal interface for a free compact boson. After investigating different theoretical aspects of this object we focus on the fusion of this interface with conformal boundary conditions. At fractions of the self-dual radius there exist exceptional D-branes. It was argued in [1] that changing the radius in the bulk induces a boundary RG flow. Following [2] we conjecture that fusing the basic radius changing interface (that changes the radius from a fraction of the self-dual radius) with the exceptional boundary conditions gives the boundary condition which is the end point of the RG flow considered in [1]. By studying the fusion singularities we recover RG logarithms and see, in particular instances, how they get resummed into power singularities. We discuss what quantities need to be calculated to gain full non-perturbative control over the fusion.

  8. FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF BULK TRITIUM SHIPPING PACKAGE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, J.

    2010-06-02

    The Bulk Tritium Shipping Package was designed by Savannah River National Laboratory. This package will be used to transport tritium. As part of the requirements for certification, the package must be shown to meet the scenarios of the Hypothetical Accident Conditions (HAC) defined in Code of Federal Regulations Title 10 Part 71 (10CFR71). The conditions include a sequential 30-foot drop event, 30-foot dynamic crush event, and a 40-inch puncture event. Finite Element analyses were performed to support and expand upon prototype testing. Cases similar to the tests were evaluated. Additional temperatures and orientations were also examined to determine their impact on the results. The peak stress on the package was shown to be acceptable. In addition, the strain on the outer drum as well as the inner containment boundary was shown to be acceptable. In conjunction with the prototype tests, the package was shown to meet its confinement requirements.

  9. Methods of synthesizing hydroxyapatite powders and bulk materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Luo, Ping (2843A Forest Ave., Berkeley, CA 94705)

    1999-01-12

    Methods are provided for producing non-porous controlled morphology hydroxyapatite granules of less than 8 .mu.m by a spray-drying process. Solid or hollow spheres or doughnuts can be formed by controlling the volume fraction and viscosity of the slurry as well as the spray-drying conditions. Methods of providing for homogenous cellular structure hydroxyapatite granules are also provided. Pores or channels or varying size and number can be formed by varying the temperature at which a hydroxyapatite slurry formed in basic, saturated ammonium hydroxide is spray-dried. Methods of providing non-porous controlled morphology hydroxyapatite granules in ammonium hydroxide are also provided. The hydroxyapatite granules and bulk materials formed by these methods are also provided.

  10. Methods of synthesizing hydroxyapatite powders and bulk materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Luo, P.

    1999-01-12

    Methods are provided for producing non-porous controlled morphology hydroxyapatite granules of less than 8 {micro}m by a spray-drying process. Solid or hollow spheres or doughnuts can be formed by controlling the volume fraction and viscosity of the slurry as well as the spray-drying conditions. Methods of providing for homogeneous cellular structure hydroxyapatite granules are also provided. Pores or channels or varying size and number can be formed by varying the temperature at which a hydroxyapatite slurry formed in basic, saturated ammonium hydroxide is spray-dried. Methods of providing non-porous controlled morphology hydroxyapatite granules in ammonium hydroxide are also provided. The hydroxyapatite granules and bulk materials formed by these methods are also provided. 26 figs.

  11. Fusion of conformal interfaces and bulk induced boundary RG flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konechny, Anatoly

    2015-01-01

    We consider the basic radius changing conformal interface for a free compact boson. After investigating different theoretical aspects of this object we focus on the fusion of this interface with conformal boundary conditions. At fractions of the self-dual radius there exist exceptional D-branes. It was argued in [1] that changing the radius in the bulk induces a boundary RG flow. Following [2] we conjecture that fusing the basic radius changing interface (that changes the radius from a fraction of the self-dual radius) with the exceptional boundary conditions gives the boundary condition which is the end point of the RG flow considered in [1]. By studying the fusion singularities we recover RG logarithms and see, in particular instances, how they get resummed into power singularities. We discuss what quantities need to be calculated to gain full non-perturbative control over the fusion.

  12. EERC Download

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Escalation Rate Calculator (EERC) computes an average annual escalation rate for a specified time period, which can be used as an escalation rate for contract payments in energy savings performance contracts and utility energy services contracts.

  13. Downloads Feed

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sector FullDOE Office10 Jan 2005 to

  14. Unpaired Majorana modes in Josephson-Junction Arrays with gapless bulk excitations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Pino, M.; Tsvelik, A.; Ioffe, L. B.

    2015-11-06

    In this study, the search for Majorana bound states in solid-state physics has been limited to materials that display a gap in their bulk spectrum. We show that such unpaired states appear in certain quasi-one-dimensional Josephson-junction arrays with gapless bulk excitations. The bulk modes mediate a coupling between Majorana bound states via the Ruderman-Kittel-Yosida-Kasuya mechanism. As a consequence, the lowest energy doublet acquires a finite energy difference. For a realistic set of parameters this energy splitting remains much smaller than the energy of the bulk eigenstates even for short chains of length L~10.

  15. The Role of Surface Chemistry and Bulk Properties on the Cycling...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    es084shaohorn2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications The Role of Surface Chemistry and Bulk Properties on the Cycling and Rate Capability of Lithium Positive Electrode...

  16. This content downloaded from 149.160.147.51 on Tue, 18 Jun 2013 14:55:13 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beer, Randall D.

    This content downloaded from 149.160.147.51 on Tue, 18 Jun 2013 14:55:13 PM All use subject:55:13 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions #12;This content downloaded from 149.160.147 from 149.160.147.51 on Tue, 18 Jun 2013 14:55:13 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions #12

  17. Tuned critical avalanche scaling in bulk metallic glasses

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Antonaglia, James; Xie, Xie; Schwarz, Gregory; Wraith, Matthew; Qiao, Junwei; Zhang, Yong; Liaw, Peter K.; Uhl, Jonathan T.; Dahmen, Karin A.

    2014-03-17

    In this study, ingots of the bulk metallic glass (BMG), Zr64.13Cu15.75Ni10.12Al10 in atomic percent (at. %), are compressed at slow strain rates. The deformation behavior is characterized by discrete, jerky stress-drop bursts (serrations). Here we present a quantitative theory for the serration behavior of BMGs, which is a critical issue for the understanding of the deformation characteristics of BMGs. The mean-field interaction model predicts the scaling behavior of the distribution, D(S), of avalanche sizes, S, in the experiments. D(S) follows a power law multiplied by an exponentially-decaying scaling function. The size of the largest observed avalanche depends on experimental tuning-parameters,more »such as either imposed strain rate or stress. Similar to crystalline materials, the plasticity of BMGs reflects tuned criticality showing remarkable quantitative agreement with the slip statistics of slowly-compressed nanocrystals. The results imply that material-evaluation methods based on slip statistics apply to both crystalline and BMG materials.« less

  18. International Round-Robin Testing of Bulk Thermoelectrics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Hsin [ORNL; Porter, Wallace D [ORNL; Bottner, Harold [Fraunhofer-Institute, Freiburg, Germany; Konig, Jan [Fraunhofer-Institute, Freiburg, Germany; Chen, Lidong [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Bai, Shengqiang [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Tritt, Terry M. [Clemson University; Mayolett, Alex [Corning, Inc; Smith, Charlene [Corning, Inc; Harris, Fred [ZT-Plus; Sharp, Jeff [Marlow Industries, Inc; Lo, Jason [CANMET - Materials Technology Laboratory, Natural Resources of Canada; Keinke, Holger [University of Waterloo, Canada; Kiss, Laszlo I. [University of Quebec at Chicoutimi

    2011-11-01

    Two international round-robin studies were conducted on transport properties measurements of bulk thermoelectric materials. The study discovered current measurement problems. In order to get ZT of a material four separate transport measurements must be taken. The round-robin study showed that among the four properties Seebeck coefficient is the one can be measured consistently. Electrical resistivity has +4-9% scatter. Thermal diffusivity has similar +5-10% scatter. The reliability of the above three properties can be improved by standardizing test procedures and enforcing system calibrations. The worst problem was found in specific heat measurements using DSC. The probability of making measurement error is great due to the fact three separate runs must be taken to determine Cp and the baseline shift is always an issue for commercial DSC. It is suggest the Dulong Petit limit be always used as a guide line for Cp. Procedures have been developed to eliminate operator and system errors. The IEA-AMT annex is developing standard procedures for transport properties testing.

  19. Magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of bulk dysprosium chromite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDannald, A.; Institute of Material Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 ; Kuna, L.; Jain, M.; Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269

    2013-09-21

    In this work, a polycrystalline bulk DyCrO{sub 3} sample was prepared by a solution route and the structural and magnetic properties were investigated. The phase purity and ionic valence state of the DyCrO{sub 3} sample were determined by x-ray diffraction/Raman spectroscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively. The AC and DC magnetization measurements revealed the onset of antiferromagnetic order at 146 K with an effective moment of 8.88 ?{sub B}. Isothermal magnetization measurements of this material are presented for the first time, showing a peak in the coercive field at 80 K that is explained by the competition between the paramagnetic Dy{sup 3+} and Cr{sup 3+} sublattices. DyCrO{sub 3} was found to display a large magnetocaloric effect (8.4 J/kg K) and relative cooling power (217 J/kg) at 4 T applied field, which renders DyCrO{sub 3} useful for magnetic refrigeration between 5 K and 30 K.

  20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1090/conm/426/08187 Licensed to Penn St Univ, University Park. Prepared on Sun Dec 29 17:35:46 EST 2013 for download from IP 128.118.88.48.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bressan, Alberto

    on Sun Dec 29 17:35:46 EST 2013 for download from IP 128.118.88.48. License or copyright restrictions may(t,O+),z(t))dt. ~ Licensed to Penn St Univ, University Park. Prepared on Sun Dec 29 17:35:46 EST 2013 for download from IP://www.ams.org/publications/ebooks/terms #12;~ Licensed to Penn St Univ, University Park. Prepared on Sun Dec 29 17:35:46 EST 2013 for download

  1. Proton transfer from the bulk to the bound ubiquinone QB of the reaction center in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinhoff, Heinz-Jürgen

    Proton transfer from the bulk to the bound ubiquinone QB of the reaction center in chromatophores, 1999) The mechanism of proton transfer from the bulk into the mem- brane protein interior was studied is accompanied by proton trapping. We used kinetic spec- troscopy to measure (i) the electron transfer to QB (at

  2. Cluster formation and bulk phase behavior of colloidal dispersions Tao Jiang and Jianzhong Wu*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jianzhong

    micro/mesoscopic phases may appear in bulk colloidal systems 1­4 or protein solutions 5­8 where diameter. The short-ranged attraction typically arises from chemical association such as hydrogen bonding of bulk col- loids is now well advanced 8­15 , much lagged behind are theoretical predictions of the micro

  3. Measuring Bulk Properties of Sound-Absorbing Materials using the Two-Source Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seybert, Andrew F.

    03NVC-200 Measuring Bulk Properties of Sound-Absorbing Materials using the Two-Source Method Z. Tao thickness absorbing material or (2) layered material and (3) using bulk properties for a multi-absorbing materials and are sufficient for many applications. These properties can be measured using the two

  4. Sub-100 ps bulk-recombination-limited InP:Fe photoconductive detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammond, R.B.; Paulter, N.G.; Iverson, A.E.; Smith, R.C.

    1981-01-01

    Both surface and bulk excited semi-insulating InP optoelectronic switches were studied. It was found that transient recombination in these devices is the same for both types of excitation. It is concluded that the recombination is a bulk controlled process.

  5. The Economic Implications of Adding Wind Capacity to a Bulk Power Transmission Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Economic Implications of Adding Wind Capacity to a Bulk Power Transmission Network by Tim Mount. * Corresponding author, tdm2@cornell.edu. #12;2 The Economic Implications of Adding Wind Capacity to a Bulk Power limitations of solving large AC Optimal Power Flows (OPF) for real networks, system operators typically use

  6. A BULK BLOWING SNOW MODEL STEPHEN J. DRY and M. K. YAU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dery, Stephen

    A BULK BLOWING SNOW MODEL STEPHEN J. DÉRY and M. K. YAU Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic model that de- picts a column of sublimating, blowing snow. This bulk model predicts the mixing ratio of suspended snow by solving an equation that considers the diffusion, settling and sublimation of blowing snow

  7. Surface chemistry of bulk nanocrystalline pure iron and electrochemistry study in gas-flow physiological saline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yufeng

    Surface chemistry of bulk nanocrystalline pure iron and electrochemistry study in gas greatly than that of MC-Fe. A further comparative study of corrosion and electrochemistry per- formance of bulk nanocrystalline pure iron and electrochemistry study in gas-flow physiological saline. J Biomed

  8. HIGH-ORDER COMPOSITE BULK ACOUSTIC RESONATORS Gavin K. Ho, Reza Abdolvand, and Farrokh Ayazi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayazi, Farrokh

    . The term "bulk" is used to signify energy storage in the bulk of the structure, instead of the definition on an underlying silicon layer. The impedance of these devices reduces as mode number increases. This is attributed of capacitively- transduced, silicon micromechanical resonators with high Q have been demonstrated [1,2]. Typical

  9. Liquid Polyamorphism: Some Unsolved Puzzles of Water in Bulk, Nanoconfined, and Biological Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    , liquid bulk water begins to ex- pand when its temperature drops below 4°C. Indeed, a simple kitchen layers of 0°C water "float" on top (cf, Fig. 1 of Ref [2]). The mysterious properties of liquidLiquid Polyamorphism: Some Unsolved Puzzles of Water in Bulk, Nanoconfined, and Biological

  10. Liquid Polyamorphism: Some Unsolved Puzzles of Water in Bulk, Nanoconfined, and Biological Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franzese, Giancarlo

    decreases, liquid bulk water begins to ex- pand when its temperature drops below 4C. Indeed, a simple while colder layers of 0C water "float" on top (cf., Fig. 1 of Ref. [2]). The mysterious propertiesLiquid Polyamorphism: Some Unsolved Puzzles of Water in Bulk, Nanoconfined, and Biological

  11. Bulk superconductivity in Type II superconductors near the second critical field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Fournais; B. Helffer

    2008-02-14

    We consider superconductors of Type II near the transition from the 'bulk superconducting' to the 'surface superconducting' state. We prove a new $L^{\\infty}$ estimate on the order parameter in the bulk, i.e. away from the boundary. This solves an open problem posed by Aftalion and Serfaty.

  12. Excitonic enhancement of nonradiative energy transfer to bulk silicon with the hybridization of cascaded quantum dots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demir, Hilmi Volkan

    Excitonic enhancement of nonradiative energy transfer to bulk silicon with the hybridization energy transfer to bulk silicon with the hybridization of cascaded quantum dots Aydan Yeltik,1 Burak sensitization of silicon through nonradiative energy transfer (NRET) of the excitons in an energy

  13. Bulk, surface and corner free energy series for the chromatic polynomial on the square and triangular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Bulk, surface and corner free energy series for the chromatic polynomial on the square, surface and corner free energies of the chromatic polynomial. This extends the existing series expression for the bulk free energy (to order q-40 ), and we are able to conjecture exact product formulae

  14. HIGH-ASPECT-RATIO INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA ETCHING OF BULK TITANIUM FOR MEMS APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Noel C.

    HIGH-ASPECT-RATIO INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA ETCHING OF BULK TITANIUM FOR MEMS APPLICATIONS E. R system for the bulk micromachining of MEMS devices. Titanium-based MEMS have the potential to be used for the microfabrication of titanium- based MEMS devices. INTRODUCTION Traditionally, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS

  15. Numerical modelling and comparison of MgB_2 bulks fabricated by HIP and infiltration growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zou, J.; Ainslie, M. D.; Fujishiro, H.; Bhagurkar, A. G.; Naito, T.; Hari Babu, N.; Fagnard, J.-F.; Vanderbemden, P.; Yamamoto, A.

    2015-05-26

    MgB_2 in bulk form shows great promise as trapped field magnets (TFMs) as an alternative to bulk (RE)BCO materials to replace permanent magnets in applications such as rotating machines, magnetic bearings and magnetic separation, and the relative...

  16. Size-dependent fracture toughness of bulk metallic glasses Bernd Gludovatz a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    metallic glasses; Fracture toughness; Sample size; Strain softening; Bending ductility 1. Introduction BulkSize-dependent fracture toughness of bulk metallic glasses Bernd Gludovatz a , Steven E. Naleway b form 22 January 2014; accepted 26 January 2014 Abstract The fracture toughness is a critical material

  17. Ab-initio Kinetic Monte Carlo Model of Ionic Conduction in Bulk Yttria-stabilized Zirconia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Wei

    Ab-initio Kinetic Monte Carlo Model of Ionic Conduction in Bulk Yttria-stabilized Zirconia Eunseok in bulk single crystal Yttria-stabilized Zirconia. An interacting energy barrier model is developed dynamics to simulate the vacancy diffusion in Yttria-stabilized Zirconia (YSZ). They concluded

  18. POLYMER PROGRAM SEMINAR "Structure at the surface and in the bulk in biomaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    POLYMER PROGRAM SEMINAR "Structure at the surface and in the bulk in biomaterials: Studies for investigating the surface and the bulk structure in biomaterials will be presented. Formation of thin polymer films on aqueous surfaces, and the adsorption of proteins onto polymer surfaces in the aqueous media

  19. The impact of gas bulk rotation on the Ly? line

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garavito-Camargo, Juan N.; Forero-Romero, Jaime E.; Dijkstra, Mark E-mail: je.forero@uniandes.edu.co

    2014-11-10

    We present results of radiative transfer calculations to measure the impact of gas bulk rotation on the morphology of the Ly? emission line in distant galaxies. We model a galaxy as a sphere with an homogeneous mixture of dust and hydrogen at a constant temperature. These spheres undergo solid-body rotation with maximum velocities in the range 0-300 km s{sup –1} and neutral hydrogen optical depths in the range ?{sub H} = 10{sup 5}-10{sup 7}. We consider two types of source distributions in the sphere: central and homogeneous. Our main result is that rotation introduces a dependence of the line morphology with viewing angle and rotational velocity. Observations with a line of sight parallel to the rotation axis yield line morphologies similar to the static case. For lines of sight perpendicular to the rotation axis, both the intensity at the line center and the line width increase with rotational velocity. Along the same line of sight, the line becomes single peaked at rotational velocities close to half the line width in the static case. Notably, we find that rotation does not induce any spatial anisotropy in the integrated line flux, the escape fraction or the average number of scatterings. This is because Lyman scattering through a rotating solid-body proceeds identically to the static case. The only difference is the Doppler shift from the different regions in the sphere that move with respect to the observer. This allows us to derive an analytic approximation for the viewing-angle dependence of the emerging spectrum, as a function of rotational velocity.

  20. Bulk Nanostructured FCC Steels With Enhanced Radiation Tolerance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Xinghang; Hartwig, K. Ted; Allen, Todd; Yang, Yong

    2012-10-27

    The objective of this project is to increase radiation tolerance in austenitic steels through optimization of grain size and grain boundary (GB) characteristics. The focus will be on nanocrystalline austenitic Fe-Cr-Ni alloys with an fcc crystal structure. The long-term goal is to design and develop bulk nanostructured austenitic steels with enhanced void swelling resistance and substantial ductility, and to enhance their creep resistance at elevated temperatures via GB engineering. The combination of grain refinement and grain boundary engineering approaches allows us to tailor the material strength, ductility, and resistance to swelling by 1) changing the sink strength for point defects, 2) by increasing the nucleation barriers for bubble formation at GBs, and 3) by changing the precipitate distributions at boundaries. Compared to ferritic/martensitic steels, austenitic stainless steels (SS) possess good creep and fatigue resistance at elevated temperatures, and better toughness at low temperature. However, a major disadvantage of austenitic SS is that they are vulnerable to significant void swelling in nuclear reactors, especially at the temperatures and doses anticipated in the Advanced Burner Reactor. The lack of resistance to void swelling in austenitic alloys led to the switch to ferritic/martensitic steels as the preferred material for the fast reactor cladding application. Recently a type of austenitic stainless steel, HT-UPS, was developed at ORNL, and is expected to show enhanced void swelling resistance through the trapping of point defects at nanometersized carbides. Reducing the grain size and increasing the fraction of low energy grain boundaries should reduce the available radiation-produced point defects (due to the increased sink area of the grain boundaries), should make bubble nucleation at the boundaries less likely (by reducing the fraction of high-energy boundaries), and improve the strength and ductility under radiation by producing a higher density of nanometer sized carbides on the boundaries. This project will focus on void swelling but advances in processing of austenitic steels are likely to also improve the radiation response of the mechanical properties.

  1. Bulk and surface controlled diffusion of fission gas atoms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andersson, Anders D.

    2012-08-09

    Fission gas retention and release impact nuclear fuel performance by, e.g., causing fuel swelling leading to mechanical interaction with the clad, increasing the plenum pressure and reducing the gap thermal conductivity. All of these processes are important to understand in order to optimize operating conditions of nuclear reactors and to simulate accident scenarios. Most fission gases have low solubility in the fuel matrix, which is especially pronounced for large fission gas atoms such as Xe and Kr, and as a result there is a significant driving force for segregation of gas atoms to extended defects such as grain boundaries or dislocations and subsequently for nucleation of gas bubbles at these sinks. Several empirical or semi-empirical models have been developed for fission gas release in nuclear fuels, e.g. [1-6]. One of the most commonly used models in fuel performance codes was published by Massih and Forsberg [3,4,6]. This model is similar to the early Booth model [1] in that it applies an equivalent sphere to separate bulk UO{sub 2} from grain boundaries represented by the sphere circumference. Compared to the Booth model, it also captures trapping at grain boundaries, fission gas resolution and it describes release from the boundary by applying timedependent boundary conditions to the circumference. In this work we focus on the step where fission gas atoms diffuse from the grain interior to the grain boundaries. The original Massih-Forsberg model describes this process by applying an effective diffusivity divided into three temperature regimes. In this report we present results from density functional theory calculations (DFT) that are relevant for the high (D{sub 3}) and intermediate (D{sub 2}) temperature diffusivities of fission gases. The results are validated by making a quantitative comparison to Turnbull's [8-10] and Matzke's data [12]. For the intrinsic or high temperature regime we report activation energies for both Xe and Kr diffusion in UO{sub 2{+-}x}, which compare favorably to available experiments. This is an extension of previous work [13]. In particular, it applies improved chemistry models for the UO{sub 2{+-}x} nonstoichiometry and its impact on the fission gas activation energies. The derivation of these models follows the approach that used in our recent study of uranium vacancy diffusion in UO{sub 2} [14]. Also, based on the calculated DFT data we analyze vacancy enhanced diffusion mechanisms in the intermediate temperature regime. In addition to vacancy enhanced diffusion we investigate species transport on the (111) UO{sub 2} surface. This is motivated by the formation of small voids partially filled with fission gas atoms (bubbles) in UO{sub 2} under irradiation, for which surface diffusion could be the rate-limiting transport step. Diffusion of such bubbles constitutes an alternative mechanism for mass transport in these materials.

  2. Power Handling of the Bulk Tungsten Divertor Row at JET: First Measurements and Comparison to the GTM Thermal Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power Handling of the Bulk Tungsten Divertor Row at JET: First Measurements and Comparison to the GTM Thermal Model

  3. Copyright ASCE 2004 Earth & Space 2004 Downloaded 20 Oct 2008 to 82.130.125.21. Redistribution subject to ASCE license or copyright; see http://www.ascelibrary.org/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bosché, Frédéric

    Copyright ASCE 2004 Earth & Space 2004 Downloaded 20 Oct 2008 to 82.130.125.21. Redistribution subject to ASCE license or copyright; see http://www.ascelibrary.org/ #12;Copyright ASCE 2004 Earth; see http://www.ascelibrary.org/ #12;Copyright ASCE 2004 Earth & Space 2004 Downloaded 20 Oct 2008

  4. Electron-beam-induced deposition of 3-nm-half-pitch patterns on bulk Si

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Oven, J. C.

    This paper demonstrates electron-beam-induced deposition of few-nm-width dense features on bulk samples by using a scanning electron-beam lithography system. To optimize the resultant features, three steps were taken: (1) ...

  5. Contributions to the theory of soundpropagation in ducts with bulk-reacting lining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rienstra, Sjoerd W.

    Contributions to the theory of soundpropagation in ducts with bulk-reacting lining S.W. Rienstra interfaceduct/liner modalamplitudeductfield outer radius duct with liner modalamplitudelinerfield wavenumber duct radial wavenumber liner axial wavenumber smallparameter ratioradialpressuregradientsat

  6. "Plastic" Solar Cells: Self-Assembly of Bulk HeterojunctionNano...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    "Plastic" Solar Cells: Self-Assembly of Bulk Heterojunction Nano-Materials by Spontaneous Phase Separation October 20, 2009 at 3pm36-428 Alan Heeger Department of Chemistry,...

  7. Role of phase instabilities in the early response of bulk fused...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Role of phase instabilities in the early response of bulk fused silica during laser-induced breakdown Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Role of phase instabilities in the...

  8. The Use of Small Scale Fire Test Data for the Hazard Assessment of Bulk Materials 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, Marianne

    1995-01-01

    An experimental study of fire testing of solid materials has been carried out to investigate whether or not these tests yield useful data for the burning of materials stored in bulk, for example in warehouses. Tests were ...

  9. Search for gas bulk motions in eight nearby clusters of galaxies with Suzaku

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ota, Naomi

    2015-01-01

    To search for bulk motions of the intracluster medium, we analyzed the X-ray spectra taken with the Suzaku satellite and measured the Doppler shift of Fe-K line emission from eight nearby clusters of galaxies with various X-ray morphologies. In the cores of the Centaurus and Perseus clusters, the gas bulk velocity does not exceed the sound velocity, which confirms the results of previous research. For the Cen45 subcluster, we found that the radial velocity relative to the Centaurus core, gas and galaxy distributions along the line of sight due to the subcluster merger. In A2199, A2142, A3667, and A133, no significant bulk motion was detected, indicating an upper limit on the radial velocity of 3000-4000 km s^-1. A sign of large bulk velocity in excess of the instrumental calibration uncertainty was found near the center of cool-core cluster A2029 and in the subcluster o...

  10. Bulk power risk analysis : ranking infrastructure elements according to their risk significance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koonce, Anthony M

    2006-01-01

    Disruptions in the bulk power grid can result in very diverse consequences that include economic, social, physical, and psychological impacts. In addition, power outages do not affect all end-users of the system in the ...

  11. Towards a detailed understanding of the NEXAFS spectra of bulk polyethylene copolymers and related alkanes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Towards a detailed understanding of the NEXAFS spectra of bulk polyethylene copolymers and related interpretation has not yet emerged. Initially, the low energy peak of polyethylene (PE) and long- chain alkanes

  12. Bulk glass formation in the Pd{endash}Ni{endash}P system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Y.; Schwarz, R.B.; Archuleta, J.I. [Center for Materials Science, MS K-765, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Center for Materials Science, MS K-765, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    1996-09-01

    Bulk amorphous Pd{endash}Ni{endash}P rods with diameters ranging from 10 to 25 mm were prepared by a fluxing technique over a wide composition range. For most bulk glassy alloys studied, the difference between the glass transition temperature and the crystallization temperature, {ital T}{sub {ital x}}{minus}{ital T}{sub {ital g}}, is larger than 90 K. Of all the alloy compositions examined, Pd{sub 40}Ni{sub 40}P{sub 20} has the highest glass formability, and 300-g bulk amorphous cylinders, 25 mm in diameter and 50 mm in length, were easily and repeatedly formed. This size, however, is not an upper limit. The elastic properties of these bulk amorphous alloys were determined by a resonant ultrasound spectroscopy technique.

  13. Residential Bulk-Fed Wood-Pellet Central Boilers and Furnace Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission (PUC) is offering rebates of 30% of the installed cost of qualifying new residential bulk-fed, wood-pellet central heating boilers or furnaces. The...

  14. Bulk Duals for Generic Static, Scale-Invariant Holographic CFT States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew Hickling

    2015-04-14

    Near horizon geometries have been widely studied, and have found many applications. Certain static, near horizon geometries are now understood to be bulk duals to CFTs with static scale-invariant sources under the AdS/CFT correspondence. However, static near-horizon geometries aren't just scale-invariant, they have extra `enhanced' symmetry. This means that they can only be the bulk duals for a special class of static, scale-invariant sources that share this enhanced symmetry. The purpose of this paper is to consider bulk duals for more generic static, scale-invariant sources, without this extra symmetry. These solutions are quite different to near-horizon geometries. In place of the extremal horizon they have a null singularity. We find specific examples of such bulk geometries numerically for the cases of pure gravity, and for an abelian gauge field.

  15. Tuning of defects in ZnO nanorod arrays used in bulk heterojunction solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iza, Diana C; Muńoz-Rojas, David; Jia, Quanxi; Swartzentruber, Brian; MacManus-Driscoll, Judith L

    2012-11-27

    Abstract With particular focus on bulk heterojunction solar cells incorporating ZnO nanorods, we study how different annealing environments (air or Zn environment) and temperatures impact on the photoluminescence response. Our work gives new insight...

  16. Using first principles Destiny Functional Theory methods to model the Seebeck coefficient of bulk silicon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehra, Saahil

    2008-01-01

    Thermoelectrics are gaining significant amounts of attention considering their relevance today in the areas of sustainable energy generation and energy efficiency. In this thesis, the thermoelectric properties of bulk ...

  17. Influence of Time-Varying External Magnetic Fields on Trapped Fields in Bulk Superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zou, Jin; Ainslie, Mark D.; Hu, Di; Cardwell, David A.

    2014-12-12

    than 2 T. Therefore, bulk HTS samples are ideal candidates to develop more compact and efficient devices, such as actuators, magnetic levitation systems, flywheel energy storage systems and electric machines. In electric machines, in particular...

  18. Complexity of shear localization in a Zr-based bulk metallic glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . A significant advance occurred when compositions and copper mold casting method allowing for bulk material of large defects such as dislocations. Yet, plasticity is still possible because of local structural

  19. The Role of Surface Chemistry and Bulk Properties on the Cycling...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    D.C. es084shaohorn2010p.pdf More Documents & Publications The Role of Surface Chemistry and Bulk Properties on the Cycling and Rate Capability of Lithium Positive Electrode...

  20. Dye-doped polymer nanoparticles for flexible, bulk luminescent solar concentrators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Ron, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    Bulk luminescent solar concentrators (LSC) cannot make use of Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET) due to necessarily low dye concentrations. In this thesis, we attempt to present a poly-vinylalcohol (PVA) waveguide ...

  1. Evaluation of bulk and packaged distribution strategies in a specialty chemical company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernández López, José Joaquín, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    A logistics cost model is developed for a chemical distribution system from a single plant using bulk and packaged transportation strategies. The purpose of this research is to provide a tool that helps understand the cost ...

  2. 2100 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 59, NO. 8, AUGUST 2012 A Distributed Bulk-Oxide Trap Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodwell, Mark J. W.

    a distributed circuit model for bulk-oxide traps based on tunneling between the semiconductor surface and trap explained by the distributed bulk-oxide trap model. Index Terms--Bulk-oxide trap, III­V, MOS, tunneling. I-oxide traps or border traps, do have long time constants as they interact with the conduction band electrons

  3. Emergent Universe in Brane World Scenario with Schwarzschild-de Sitter Bulk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asit Banerjee; Tanwi Bandyopadhyay; Subenoy Chakraborty

    2007-11-27

    A model of an emergent universe is obtained in brane world. Here the bulk energy is in the form of cosmological constant, while the brane consists of a fluid satisfying an equation of state of the form $p_{b}={1/3} \\rho_{b}$, which is effectively a radiation equation of state at high energies. It is shown that with the positive bulk cosmological constant, one of our models represents an emergent universe.

  4. Surface magnetism of Gd(0001): Evidence of ferromagnetic coupling to bulk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mulhollan, G.A.; Garrison, K.; Erskine, J.L. )

    1992-11-30

    Previous polarized electron experiments and recent {ital ab} {ital initio} calculations suggest that the surface layer magnetic moments of Gd(0001) are antiferromagnetically coupled to the bulk magnetic moments. Spin-polarized photoemission data are presented which show that the spin polarization of the magnetic surface state and the surface 4{ital f} states of Gd(0001) are coupled ferromagnetically to the bulk magnetic moment.

  5. Bulk and track etch properties of CR-39 SSNTD etched in NaOH/ethanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    Bulk and track etch properties of CR-39 SSNTD etched in NaOH/ethanol K.F. Chan, F.M.F. Ng, D. described the use of NaOH/ethanol as an etchant for the CR-39 detector, and have determined the corre and track etch properties of CR- 39 in NaOH/ethanol were derived from direct measurements. The bulk etch

  6. Vibration-Induced Conductivity Fluctuation Measurement for Soil Bulk Density Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrea Sz. Kishne; Cristine L. S. Morgan; Hung-Chih Chang; Laszlo B. Kish

    2007-05-03

    Soil bulk density affects water storage, water and nutrient movement, and plant root activity in the soil profile. Its measurement is difficult in field conditions. Vibration-induced conductivity fluctuation was investigated to quantify soil bulk density with possible field applications in the future. The AC electrical conductivity of soil was measured using a pair of blade-like electrodes while exposing the soil to periodic vibration. The blades were positioned longitudinally and transversally to the direction of the induced vibration to enable the calculation of a normalized index. The normalized index was expected to provide data independent from the vibration strength and to reduce the effect of soil salinity and water content. The experiment was conducted on natural and salinized fine sand at two moisture conditions and four bulk densities. The blade-shaped electrodes improved electrode-soil contact compared to cylindrical electrodes, and thereby, reduced measurement noise. Simulations on a simplified resistor lattice indicate that the transversal effect increases as soil bulk density decreases. Measurement of dry sand showed a negative correlation between the normalized conductivity fluctuation and soil bulk density for both longitudinal and transversal settings. The decrease in the transversal signal was smaller than expected. The wet natural and salinized soils performed very similarly as hypothesized, but their normalized VICOF response was not significant to bulk density changes.

  7. Bulk viscous Zel'dovich fluid model and it's asymptotic behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K., Rajagopalan Nair

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we have considered a flat FLRW universe with bulk viscous Zel'dovich as the cosmic component. Being considered the bulk viscosity as per the Eckart formalism, we have analyzed the evolution of the Hubble parameter and constrained the model with the Type Ia Supernovae data thus extracting the constant bulk viscous parameter and present Hubble parameter. Further we have analyzed the scale factor, equation of state and deceleration parameter. The model predicts the late time acceleration and is also compatible with the age of the universe as given by the oldest globular clusters. We have also studied the phase-space behavior of the model and found that a universe dominated by bulk viscous Zel'dovich fluid is stable. But on the inclusion of radiation component in addition to the Zel'dovich fluid, makes the model unstable. Hence, even though the bulk viscous Zel'dovich fluid dominated universe is a feasible one, the model as such failed to predict a prior radiation dominated phase.

  8. Evaluation of bulk paint worker exposure to solvents at household hazardous waste collection events

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cameron, M.

    1995-09-01

    In fiscal year 93/94, over 250 governmental agencies were involved in the collection of household hazardous wastes in the State of California. During that time, over 3,237,000 lbs. of oil based paint were collected in 9,640 drums. Most of this was in lab pack drums, which can only hold up to 20 one gallon cans. Cost for disposal of such drums is approximately $1000. In contrast, during the same year, 1,228,000 lbs. of flammable liquid were collected in 2,098 drums in bulk form. Incineration of bulked flammable liquids is approximately $135 per drum. Clearly, it is most cost effective to bulk flammable liquids at household hazardous waste events. Currently, this is the procedure used at most Temporary Household Hazardous Waste Collection Facilities (THHWCFs). THHWCFs are regulated by the Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) under the new Permit-by Rule Regulations. These regulations specify certain requirements regarding traffic flow, emergency response notifications and prevention of exposure to the public. The regulations require that THHWCF operators bulk wastes only when the public is not present. [22 CCR, section 67450.4 (e) (2) (A)].Santa Clara County Environmental Health Department sponsors local THHWCF`s and does it`s own bulking. In order to save time and money, a variance from the regulation was requested and an employee monitoring program was initiated to determine actual exposure to workers. Results are presented.

  9. Bulk Flows and End of the Dark Ages with the SKA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maio, Umberto; Koopmans, Leon V E

    2015-01-01

    The early Universe is a precious probe of the birth of primordial objects, first star formation events and consequent production of photons and heavy elements. Higher-order corrections to the cosmological linear perturbation theory predicts the formation of coherent supersonic gaseous streaming motions at decoupling time. These bulk flows impact the gas cooling process and determine a cascade effect on the whole baryon evolution. By analytical estimates and N-body hydrodynamical chemistry numerical simulations including atomic and molecular evolution, gas cooling, star formation, feedback effects and metal spreading for individual species from different stellar populations according to the proper yields and lifetimes, we discuss the role of these primordial bulk flows at the end of the dark ages and their detectable impacts during the first Gyr in view of the upcoming SKA mission. Early bulk flows can inhibit molecular gas cooling capabilities, suppressing star formation, metal spreading and the abundance of ...

  10. Thermal conductivity of bulk and nanowire Mg?SixSn1–x alloys from first principles

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Li, Wu; Lindsay, L.; Broido, D. A.; Stewart, Derek A.; Mingo, Natalio

    2012-11-29

    The lattice thermal conductivity (?) of the thermoelectric materials, Mg?Si, Mg?Sn, and their alloys, are calculated for bulk and nanowires, without adjustable parameters. We find good agreement with bulk experimental results. For large nanowire diameters, size effects are stronger for the alloy than for the pure compounds. For example, in 200 nm diameter nanowires ? is lower than its bulk value by 30%, 20%, and 20% for Mg?Si?.?Sn?.?, Mg?Si, and Mg?Sn, respectively. For nanowires less than 20 nm thick, the relative decrease surpasses 50%, and it becomes larger in the pure compounds than in the alloy. At room temperature, ?more »of Mg?SixSn1–x is less sensitive to nanostructuring size effects than SixGe1–x, but more sensitive than PbTexSe1–x. This suggests that further improvement of Mg?SixSn1–x as a nontoxic thermoelectric may be possible.« less

  11. Ice-assisted electron beam lithography of graphene This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ice-assisted electron beam lithography of graphene This article has been downloaded from IOPscience-assisted electron beam lithography of graphene Jules A Gardener1 and J A Golovchenko1,2 1 Department of Physics demonstrate that a low energy focused electron beam can locally pattern graphene coated with a thin ice layer

  12. The noise of coated cantilevers This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grütter, Peter

    The noise of coated cantilevers This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll Nanotechnology 23 (2012) 025503 (9pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/2/025503 The noise of coated cantilevers with a reflective coating are often used to reduce optical shot noise for deflection detection. However, static AFM

  13. Plasmonic light-sensitive skins of nanocrystal monolayers This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demir, Hilmi Volkan

    Plasmonic light-sensitive skins of nanocrystal monolayers This article has been downloaded from to the journal homepage for more Home Search Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscience #12;IOP light-sensitive skins of nanocrystal monolayers Shahab Akhavan1, Kivanc Gungor1, Evren Mutlugun1

  14. Detecting an extended light source through a lens This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gay, Timothy J.

    Detecting an extended light source through a lens This article has been downloaded from IOPscience to the journal homepage for more Home Search Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscience #12;IOP.1088/0143-0807/32/4/023 Detecting an extended light source through a lens E T Litaker, J R Machacek1 and T J Gay Department

  15. Second-order dust acoustic wave theory This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merlino, Robert L.

    Second-order dust acoustic wave theory This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please Phys. Scr. 85 (2012) 035506 (2pp) doi:10.1088/0031-8949/85/03/035506 Second-order dust acoustic wave-order perturbation theory for non-dispersive, undamped dust acoustic waves is presented. The analysis leads

  16. Proton and light ion induced charge exchange reactions in nuclei This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

    Proton and light ion induced charge exchange reactions in nuclei This article has been downloaded Scripta. Vol. 48, 101-104, 1993 Proton and Light Ion Induced Charge Exchange Reactions in Nuclei E. Oset of strength from the proton to the deu- teron targets and an even more remarkable shift of the strength

  17. Tokamak start-up with electron-cyclotron heating This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Tokamak start-up with electron-cyclotron heating This article has been downloaded from IOPscience September 1979 Final manuscript received 6 August 1981) TOKAMAK START-UP WITH ELECTRON- CYCLOTRON HEATING D States of America) ABSTRACT. Experiments are described in which the start-up voltage in a tokamak

  18. Multipole and tokamak research at the University of Wisconsin This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Multipole and tokamak research at the University of Wisconsin This article has been downloaded from AND TOKAMAK RESEARCH AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN* J.C. SPROTT, S.C. PRAGER University of Wisconsin, Madison and tokamak fusion research programme carried out at the University of Wisconsin since 1962. The programme has

  19. Enhancement of laser cooling by the use of magnetic gradients This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wunderlich, Christof

    Enhancement of laser cooling by the use of magnetic gradients This article has been downloaded from cooling by the use of magnetic gradients A Albrecht1,3 , A Retzker1 , C Wunderlich2 and M B Plenio1 1.1088/1367-2630/13/3/033009 Abstract. We present a laser cooling scheme for trapped ions and atoms using a combination of laser

  20. Restoration of chopped and nodded images in infrared astronomy This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertero, Mario

    Restoration of chopped and nodded images in infrared astronomy This article has been downloaded Problems 15 (1999) 345­372. Printed in the UK PII: S0266-5611(99)97670-0 Restoration of chopped and nodded-called chopped and nodded images, present large negative values and provide reliable representations uniquely