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1

Patterns of NPP, GPP, Respiration and NEP During Boreal Forest Succession  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We deployed a mesonet of year-round eddy covariance towers in boreal forest stands that last burned in ~1850, ~1930, 1964, 1981, 1989, 1998, and 2003 to understand how CO2 exchange changes during secondary succession.The strategy of using multiple methods, including biometry and micrometeorology, worked well. In particular, the three independent measures of NEP during succession gave similar results. A stratified and tiered approach to deploying eddy covariance systems that combines many lightweight and portable towers with a few permanent ones is likely to maximize the science return for a fixed investment. The existing conceptual models did a good job of capturing the dominant patterns of NPP, GPP, Respiration and NEP during succession. The initial loss of carbon following disturbance was neither as protracted nor large as predicted. This muted response reflects both the rapid regrowth of vegetation following fire and the prevalence of standing coarse woody debris following the fire, which is thought to decay slowly. In general, the patterns of forest recovery from disturbance should be expected to vary as a function of climate, ecosystem type and disturbance type. The NPP decline at the older stands appears related to increased Rauto rather than decreased GPP. The increase in Rauto in the older stands does not appear to be caused by accelerated maintenance respiration with increased biomass, and more likely involves increased allocation to fine root turnover, root metabolism, alternative forms of respiration, mycorrhizal relationships, or root exudates, possibly associated with progressive nutrient limitation. Several studies have now described a similar pattern of NEP following boreal fire, with 10-to-15 years of modest carbon loss followed by 50-to-100 years of modest carbon gain. This trend has been sufficiently replicated and evaluated using independent techniques that it can be used to quantify the likely effects of changes in boreal fire frequency and stand age structure on regional carbon balance.

Goulden, Michael L.; McMillan, Andrew; Winston, Greg; Rocha, Adrian; Manies, Kristen; Harden, Jennifer W.; Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

Effects of warming on the structure and function of a boreal black spruce forest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A strong argument can be made that there is a greater need to study the effect of warming on boreal forests more than on any other terrestrial biome. Boreal forests, the second largest forest biome, are predicted to experience the greatest warming of any forest biome in the world, but a process-based understanding of how warming will affect the structure and function of this economically and ecologically important forest biome is lacking. The effects of warming on species composition, canopy structure and biogeochemical cycles are likely to be complex; elucidating the underlying mechanisms will require long-term whole-ecosystem manipulation to capture all the complex feedbacks (Shaver et al. 2000, Rustad et al. 2001, Stromgren 2001). The DOE Program for Ecosystem Research funded a three year project (2002-2005) to use replicated heated chambers on soil warming plots in northern Manitoba to examine the direct effects of whole-ecosystem warming. We are nearing completion of our first growing season of measurements (fall 2004). In spite of the unforeseen difficulty of installing the heating cable, our heating and irrigation systems worked extremely well, maintaining environmental conditions within 5-10% of the specified design 99% of the time. Preliminary data from these systems, all designed and built by our laboratory at the University of Wisconsin, support our overall hypothesis that warming will increase the carbon sink strength of upland boreal black spruce forests. I request an additional three years of funding to continue addressing the original objectives: (1) Examine the effect of warming on phenology of overstory, understory and bryophyte strata. Sap flux systems and dendrometer bands, monitored by data loggers, will be used to quantify changes in phenology and water use. (2) Quantify the effects of warming on nitrogen and water use by overstory, understory and bryophytes. (3) Compare effects of warming on autotrophic respiration and above- and belowground net primary production (NPP) budgets. Autotrophic respiration budgets will be constructed using chamber measurements for each tissue and NPP and standard allometry techniques (Gower et al. 1999). (4) Compare microbial and root dynamics, and net soil surface CO2 flux, of control and warmed soils to identify causes that may explain the hypothesized minimal effect of soil warming on soil surface CO2 flux. Fine root production and turnover will be quantified using minirhizotrons, and microbial dynamics will be determined using laboratory mineralization incubations. Soil surface CO2 flux will be measured using automated soil surface CO2 flux systems and portable CO2 analyzers. The proposed study builds on the existing research programs Gower has in northern Manitoba and would not be possible without in-kind services and financial support from Manitoba Hydro and University of Wisconsin.

Stith T.Gower

2010-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

3

Decomposition of peat from upland boreal forest: Temperature dependence and sources of respired carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2003 Decomposition of peat from upland boreal forest:of decomposition for upland boreal peat under black spruceand $50% in sphagnum moss peat), despite slow decomposition

Dioumaeva, Irina; Trumbore, Susan; Schuur, Edward A. G.; Goulden, Michael L.; Litvak, Marcy; Hirsch, Adam I.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Age-dependent variation in the biophysical properties of boreal forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2000) Increased carbon sequestration by a boreal deciduouson the annual carbon sequestration by a boreal aspen forest.1996) Measurements of carbon sequestration by long-term eddy

McMillan, Andrew M. S.; Goulden, M. L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Boreal Renewable Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunways JV Jump to:BhorukaBonfiglioliBoreal Renewable

6

National organization of radwaste management of the Hungarian NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Paks Nuclear Power Plant generates most of the radwaste in Hungary. Originally the Soviet suppliers of the NPP planned to accumulate all the solid and liquid waste of low, intermediate and high activity on the NPP site. Though the amount of the generated waste is much lower than the designed value, in accordance with international practice the NPP tried to find a disposal site in the eighties for their radwaste. This effort failed and in 1992 a national project was launched to solve the management and disposal of the NPP`s radwaste.

Vigassy, J.; Czoch, I. [Hungarian Atomic Energy Commission, Budapest (Hungary); Marothy, L.; Ormai, P. [Paks Nuclear Power Plant (Hungary)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

7

Challenges for Lithuania: Ignalina NPP Early Closure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a condition of accession into the European Union (EU), Lithuania is committed to the closure and decommissioning of Ignalina NPP comprising two RBMK-1500 reactor units (Fig. 1). It was agreed in a special protocol to the Accession Treaty that, in return for adequate EU financial assistance, Unit 1 would be closed before 2005 and Unit 2 by the end of 2009. The first unit was duly shut down on December 31, 2004. Lithuania, which has borders with Russia (Kaliningrad territory), Poland, Latvia and Belarus, spent fifty years as part of the Soviet Union and was deeply integrated into its economy and electrical infrastructure. At the break-up of the USSR, Lithuania inherited electricity generating capacity designed to supply the north-west region including ownership of Ignalina NPP located in the north-east of the country. Ignalina NPP Unit 1 was commissioned in 1983, Unit 2 in 1987; the planned lifespan of each unit was 30 years. Construction of a third unit was started but never completed. Since Lithuania became independent in 1990, Ignalina NPP has typically contributed more than 70% of national power supply. The town of Visaginas (population approx. 30,000) was purpose built to serve the plant and staff were brought in from throughout the USSR. With 3200 direct employees, Ignalina NPP remains by far the largest employer. Although there are pockets of Russian-language speakers in communities throughout Lithuania, Visaginas is the only example on a whole-town scale. Thus closure of Ignalina NPP within the restricted timescale required by the EU Accession Treaty commitment set an exceptional challenge to Lithuania. However, since the preparatory phase of decommissioning started in 2000, notable progress has been made, experience gained and lessons learnt. At present Unit 1 remains partially fueled in a state of care and maintenance. Partly burnt fuel is being transferred from Unit 1 to Unit 2 for further irradiation in order to minimize the commitment of new fuel thereby reducing operating costs and the final quantity of spent fuel. Design and construction of the facilities for spent fuel storage, waste processing and free-release is ongoing. The siting of the Near Surface Repository is now in the final stages of approval and construction of the landfill facility is under tendering. In order to facilitate the approval process and minimize the transport of waste, both disposal facilities will be within the boundary of the NPP site. Approximately 450 staff are employed at the shutdown Unit 1 for the safe maintenance of essential systems. The total staffing level at the plant is currently being reduced by around 200 each year, with a larger release to take place at the closure of Unit 2. It is envisaged that 2000 staff will be required for the dismantling operations. Although Ignalina NPP is still in the early stages of closure and decommissioning, some important lessons have already been learnt: Firstly, the importance considering social and financial issues as well as technical factors in deciding the decommissioning strategy. This should be done before the preparation is started of the FDP. The same broad consideration should also be given to the economic restructuring of the local area. Consultation is necessary with local and national authorities, and other stakeholders up to ensure a common vision. At Ignalina NPP it was considered essential to staff morale and the maintenance of a strong safety culture to guarantee the special social and employment benefits to dismissed staff in law [9]. At the same time, measures were also adopted to encourage certain key personnel to remain at the plant until closure. The case of Lithuania, which at independence had no legislative framework or management infrastructure for radioactive waste, may be exceptional; however, for all decommissioning projects it is necessary to have, from the outset, a clear strategy on waste storage and disposal. Finally, coordination at all levels must be assured, especially with the involvement of the nuclear regulators and other regulatory authorities, t

Teskeviciene, Birute [Ministry of Economy, Gedimino pr. 38/2, Vilnius, LT-01104 (Lithuania); Harrison, Peter [Central Project Management Agency, S. Konarskio 13, Vilnius, LT-03109 (Lithuania)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

american boreal forest: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fire on Climate Warming Geosciences Websites Summary: The Impact of Boreal Forest Fire on Climate Warming J. T. Randerson,1 * H. Liu,2 M. G. Flanner,1 S measurements and analysis...

9

Hydrodynamic model of Fukushima-Daiichi NPP Industrial site flooding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While the Fukushima-Daiichi was designed and constructed the maximal tsunami height estimate was about 3 m based on analysis of statistical data including Chile earthquake in 1960. The NPP project industrial site height was 10 m. The further deterministic estimates TPCO-JSCE confirmed the impossibility of the industrial site flooding by a tsunami and therefore confirmed ecological safety of the NPP. However, as a result of beyond design earthquake of 11 March 2011 the tsunami height at the shore near the Fukushima-Daiichi NPP reached 15 m. This led to flooding and severe emergencies having catastrophic environmental consequences. This paper proposes hydrodynamic model of tsunami emerging and traveling based on conservative assumptions. The possibility of a tsunami wave reaching 15 m height at the Fukushima-Daiichi NPP shore was confirmed for deduced hydrodynamic resistance coefficient of 1.8. According to the model developed a possibility of flooding is determined not only by the industrial site height, magni...

Vaschenko, V N; Gerasimenko, T V; Vachev, B

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

The effect of post-fire stand age on the boreal forest energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. , Lee, X. , 1997. Energy balance and canopy conductanceon the boreal forest energy balance B.D. Amiro a,b, *, A.L.reserved. Keywords: Energy balance; Forest fire; Boreal

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Comparing nocturnal eddy covariance measurements to estimates of ecosystem respiration made by scaling chamber measurements at six coniferous boreal sites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

construction respiration estimated as 0.25 times wood NPP [construction respiration estimated as 0.25 E times foliage NPP (construction respiration was 1.6-3.6 times greater than 0.25 times wood NPP

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

The net carbon footprint of a newly created boreal hydroelectric reservoir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The net carbon footprint of a newly created boreal hydroelectric reservoir Cristian R. Teodoru,1 of a boreal hydroelectric reservoir (Eastmain-1 in northern Québec, Canada). This is the result of a large. Citation: Teodoru, C. R., et al. (2012), The net carbon footprint of a newly created boreal hydroelectric

Long, Bernard

13

Barred Owl (Strix varia) Nest Site Characteristics in the Boreal Forest of Saskatchewan, Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Barred Owl (Strix varia) Nest Site Characteristics in the Boreal Forest of Saskatchewan, Canada active Barred Owl (Strix varia) nests in the boreal forest of central Saskatchewan, Canada. Eighty records exist. Our objective was to describe Barred Owl nests within the boreal forest of Saskatchewan

14

The seasonal water and energy exchange above and within a boreal aspen forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The seasonal water and energy exchange above and within a boreal aspen forest P.D. Blankena,*, T 2001; accepted 2 February 2001 Abstract The seasonal water and energy exchange of a boreal aspen forest: Biometeorology; Boreal forest; Deciduous forest; Transpiration; Radiation; Surface energy balance 1. Introduction

Lee, Xuhui

15

The Moose and Boreal Forests of Isle Royale and Sweden  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Moose and Boreal Forests of Isle Royale and Sweden John Pastor Dept. of Biology Univ #12;Exclosures in Sweden #12;Exclosures in Sweden Inga älgar 50 älgar / 1000 ha #12;McInnes et al. 1992. Ecology Moose browsing decreases aboveground productivity on Isle Royale #12;Pine Birch In Sweden

16

Main Ecosystem Characteristics and Distribution of Wetlands in Boreal and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9 Main Ecosystem Characteristics and Distribution of Wetlands in Boreal and Alpine Landscapes. Nilsson and J. Svensson Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Sweden 1. Introduction Wetlands filters in the landscape. Many kinds of wetlands and peatlands can be found, each with a particular

17

The Chernobyl NPP decommissioning: Current status and alternatives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After the Chernobyl accident of April 26, 1986, many contradictory decisions were taken concerning the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (NPP) future. The principal source of contradictions was a deadline for a final shutdown of the Chernobyl NPP units. Alterations in a political and socioeconomic environment resulted in the latest decision of the Ukrainian Authorities about 2000 as a deadline for a beginning of the Chernobyl NPP decommissioning. The date seems a sound compromise among the parties concerned. However, in order to meet the data a lot of work should be done. First of all, a decommissioning strategy has to be established. The problem is complicated due to both site-specific aspects and an absence of proven solutions for the RBMK-type reactor decommissioning. In the paper the problem of decommissioning option selection is considered taking into account an influence of the following factors: relevant legislative and regulatory requirements; resources required to carry out decommissioning (man-power, equipment, technologies, waste management infrastructure, etc.); radiological and physical status of the plant, including structural integrity and predictable age and weather effects; impact of planned activities at the destroyed unit 4 and within the 30-km exclusion zone of the Chernobyl NPP; planed use of the site; socio-economic considerations.

Mikolaitchouk, H. [Atomaudit Ltd., Kiev (Ukraine); Steinberg, N. [Atomaudit Ltd., Kiev (Ukraine)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

NPP training simulators in Hungary experience in development and utilization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The construction of the only NPP in Hungary - the Paks NPP - started in 1975. The four units of VVER-440/213 were connected to the grid in 1982, 1984, 1986 and 1987. During the construction no simulator has been delivered with the power plant. Moreover, there were no state-of-art simulators in Central and Eastern Europe and in the former Soviet Union; not for the given type, not for civil use. The only simulator for the VVER-440 existing that time was made for the Loviisa NPP in Finland. This plant is not very similar to the Paks NPP; moreover, the pressure suppression system in the hermetical part of the primary circuit, the instrumentation and control systems, the main control room and the secondary circuit are completely different. Anyway, the training of Paks operators on this simulator was out of question - regardless the similarity problems. The design of the Paks NPP was made in the Soviet Union, therefore not too much design information was available in Hungary. During the creation of simulation models the authors had to rely mostly on common theory and measured performance. Besides the efforts to create a basic principle, full-scope replica and compact simulators there was a great need to use verified codes with more detailed models for better understanding the behavior and for evaluation of the safety. Thanks to these great efforts, the simulators were expanded to evaluate the performance of the trainees, for simulation of SBLOCA and LBLOCA events; the authors are checking and validating the operational procedures; soon they start the design of the functions of a new reactor protection system and they participate in international efforts to deliver training simulators to other VVER-440 power plants. The paper gives an overview of all these activities, referring to some key publications for each of them.

Janosy, J.S. [Atomic Energy Research Institute, Budapest (Hungary)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Networking Strategies in Streptomyces coelicolor Rossello, M.R 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Networking Strategies in Streptomyces coelicolor Rossello, M.R 1 , Griffiths, N , Kalvala, S, Wellington, E.M, Gaze, W.H 1 Systems Biology, University of Warwick, England Email: m biology 1. Understanding Biological Systems Biological systems found in nature comprise of finely evolved

Griffiths, Nathan

20

Modular vault dry storage at Paks NPP technology and experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Paks NPP in Hungary, with its four VVER440 reactors, generates 50% of Hungary`s electricity. In 1990, it was faced with an uncertain future due to the changing political situation in Eastern Europe. The fuel storage ponds were rapidly filling up, with no secure route for disposal. The paper outlines the Paks approach to resolving the problem and the background to its chosen solution, concluding with a review of the experience of other applications of the system.

Bower, C.C.F. [Gec Alsthom Engineering Systems, Leicester (United Kingdom); Szabo, B. [Paks NPP (Hungary)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Preparation for Early Termination of Ignalina NPP Operation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seimas (Parliament of Lithuania) approved updated National Energy strategy where it is indicated that first Unit will be shutdown before the year 2005 and second Unit in 2009 if funding for decommissioning is available from EU and other donors. In accordance to Ignalina NPP Unit 1 Closure Law the Government of Lithuania approved the Ignalina NPP Unit 1 Decommissioning Program until year 2005. For enforcement of this program, the plan of measures for implementation of the program was prepared and approved by the Minister of Economy. The plan consists of two parts, namely technical- environmental and social-economic. Technical-environmental measures are mostly oriented to the safe management of spent nuclear fuel and operational radioactive waste stored at the plant and preparation of licensing documents for Unit 1 decommissioning. Social-economic measures are oriented to mitigate negative social and economic impact on Lithuania, inhabitants of the region, and, particularly, o n the staff of Ignalina NPP by means of creating favorable conditions for a balanced social and economic development of the region. In this paper analysis of planned activities, licensing requirements for decommissioning, progress in preparation of the Final Decommissioning Plan is discussed.

Poskas, P.; Poskas, R.

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

22

Soil and groundwater characteristics of saline sites supporting boreal mixedwood forests in northern Alberta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soil and groundwater characteristics of saline sites supporting boreal mixedwood forests September 2009. Lilles, E. B., Purdy, B. G., Chang, S. X. and Macdonald, S. E. 2010. Soil and groundwater characteristics of saline sites supporting boreal mixedwood forests in northern Alberta. Can. J. Soil Sci. 90: 1

Macdonald, Ellen

23

Post Doctoral Research Fellowship Simulating the greenhouse gas emission from boreal region reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of greenhouse gases from northern boreal reservoirs as part of a Natural Sciences and Engineering Research modified the DeNitrification-DeComposition (DNDC) model to simulate the exchange of CO2 between boreal by the creation of reservoirs for the production of hydro-electricity. We have recently developed a water column

24

Decomposition of peat from upland boreal forest: Temperature dependence and sources of respired carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decomposition of peat from upland boreal forest: Temperature dependence and sources of respired boreal peat under black spruce forest with sphagnum and feather moss understory using incubation increments. At temperatures below 0C, significant decomposition was observed in feather moss peat

Litvak, Marcy

25

pci)o>-,G)dII0U)-r1C() F1r1-t)flciO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ci 0`-1- ci4o0ci) 0OOci) (1 ti2-pbQj pIcFG)0-- o)fli pci)o>-,G)·dII0U)-r1C() -I F1r1-t)flciO tcg0P1-` P01.4 cclcE-cii'i+1 c'j0-1s--.$-i p 4 -ri-i-)lOci-1·Hli) !.(DCIS 00)OrI -1'ici.);)cjo(1) ciWd`c.4 ci))ci 4)·,-10'p4-.'3)crp:pi s_ri P4Ilc (i) ci 0 #12;cI1r''r') TC' The literature revealed that paraffin

Gudmundsson, Jon Steinar

26

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-11-005 R1 _INL-11-037 R1_.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 - Outline andPROPOSAL68 SECTION9 SECTION1-005 R1

27

Lessons Learned in Decommissioning of NPP A-1 After Accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Decommissioning of the NPP A-1 in Jaslovske Bohunice is encountered with great variation of the problems connected primarily with the high radiation fields and the high activity of the contaminated materials. Decontamination of the contaminated objects and the thorough radiological protection of decontamination workers are therefore the tasks of top priority. The successful realization of these jobs is based on the experience, good working practice and the utilization of all proven methods together with the newly developed ones. Since 1996, AllDeco Ltd. has applied the decontamination methods and processes in a wide scale in the decommissioning and dismantling of the NPP A-1 in the cooperation with SE-VYZ Inc. The monitoring of the radiation situation and the investigation of the type and character of the radioactive waste were first steps in the decontamination of all objects. For this works, remote controlled mechanical manipulators and remote controlled electrical carriage equipped with instruments recording the levels of dose rates and with telemetric data transmission system were used. The recorded data were used for the modeling and 3D visualization of the radiation fields and for following planning and preparation of the decontamination projects or ''working programs'' based on the ALARA principle. The minimization of the radioactive waste was also taken into consideration. A lot of time and energy was spent on the preparation and training of the staff including non-active trials of planned procedures. The gained experience was evaluated and lessons learned were given in the final reports.

Prazska, M.; Rezbarik, J.; Majersky, D.; Sekely, S.; Solcanyi, S.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

28

FEASIBILITY AND EXPEDIENCE TO VITRIFY NPP OPERATIONAL WASTE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Operational radioactive waste is generated during routine operation of NPP. Process waste is mainly generated by treatment of water from reactor or ancillaries including spent fuel storage pools and some decontamination operations. Typical process wastes of pressurized water reactors (PWR or WWER) are borated water concentrates, whereas typical process wastes of boiling and RBMK type reactors are water concentrates with no boron content. NPP operational wastes are classified as low and intermediate level waste (LILW). NPP operational waste must be solidified in order to ensure safe conditions of storage and disposal. Currently the most promising solidification method for this waste is the vitrification technology. Vitrification of NPP operational waste is a relative new option being developed for last years. Nevertheless there is already accumulated operational experience on vitrifying low and intermediate level waste in Russian Federation at Moscow SIA ''Radon'' vitrification plant. This plant uses the most advanced type induction high frequency melters that facilitate the melting process and significantly reduce the generation of secondary waste and henceforth the overall cost. The plant was put into operation by the end of 1999. It has three operating cold crucible melters with the overall capacity up to 75 kg/h. The vitrification technology comprises a few stages, starting with evaporation of excess water from liquid radioactive waste, followed by batch preparation, glass melting, and ending with vitrified waste blocks and some relative small amounts of secondary waste. First of all since the original waste contain as main component water, this water is removed from waste through evaporation. Then the remaining salt concentrate is mixed with necessary technological additives, thus a glass-forming batch is formed. The batch is fed into melters where the glass melting occurs. From here there are two streams: one is the glass melt containing the most part of radioactivity and second is the off gas flow, which contains off gaseous and aerosol airborne. The melt glass is fed into containers, which are slowly cooled in an annealing tunnel furnace to avoid accumulation of mechanical stresses in the glass. Containers with glass are the final processing product containing the overwhelming part of waste contaminants. The second stream from melter is directed to gas purification system, which is a rather complex system taking into account the necessity to remove from off gas not only radionuclides but also the chemical contaminants. Operation of this purification system leads to generation of a small amount of secondary waste. This waste stream slightly contaminated with volatilized radionuclides is recycled in the same technological scheme. As a result only non-radioactive materials are produced. They are either discharged into environment or reused. Based on the experience gained during operation of vitrification plant one can conclude on high efficiency achieved through vitrification method. Another significant argument on vitrifying NPP operational waste is the minimal impact of vitrified radioactive waste onto environment. Solidified waste shall be disposed of into a near surface disposal facility. Waste forms disposed of in a near-surface wet repository eventually come into contact with groundwater. Engineered structures used or designed to prevent or postpone such contact and the subsequent radionuclide release are complex and often too expensive. Vitrification technologies provide waste forms with excellent resistance to corrosion and gave the basic possibility of maximal simplification of engineered barrier systems. The most simple disposal option is to locate the vitrified waste form packages directly into earthen trenches provided the host rock has the necessary sorption and confinement properties. Such an approach will significantly make simpler the disposal facilities thus contributing both to enhancing safety and economic al efficiency.

LIFANOV, F.A.; OJOVAN, M.I.; STEFANOVSKY, S.V.; BURCL, R.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

29

Degradation and Failure Characteristics of NPP Containment Protective Coating Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A research program to investigate the performance and potential for debris formation of Service Level I coating systems used in nuclear power plant containment is being performed at the Savannah River Technology Center. The research activities are aligned to address phenomena important to cause coating disbondment as identified by the Industry Coatings Expert Panel. The period of interest for performance covers the time from application of the coating through 40 years of service, followed by a medium-to-large break loss-of-coolant accident scenario, which is a design basis accident (DBA) scenario. The interactive program elements are described in this report and the application of these elements to evaluate the performance of the specific coating system of Phenoline 305 epoxy-phenolic topcoat over Carbozinc 11 primer on a steel substrate. This system is one of the predominant coating systems present on steel substrates in NPP containment.

Sindelar, R.L.

2001-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

30

Comparison between VNIIEF computer programs used to study NPP safety and similar western codes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report gives schematic comparison between VNIIEF computer programs used to study NPP safety and similar western codes. This comparison is schematic and in no way pretends to be complete.

Pevnitsky, A.V.; Tarasov, V.A.; Solovyev, V.P. [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

31

E-Print Network 3.0 - alienation chernobyl npp Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

This document must be given to each patient at the first date of service after April 14, 2003... this is being handled. The NPP must be given to patients with whom we have a...

32

A Reusable Process Control System Framework for the Orbiting Carbon Observatory and NPP Sounder PEATE missions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PEATE missions Chris A. Mattmann, Dana Freeborn, Dan Crichton, Brian Foster, Andrew Hart, David Woollard missions: the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO), and NPP Sounder PEATE projects. 1 Introduction Data volume

Mattmann, Chris

33

Joint probability safety assessment for NPP defense infrastructure against extreme external natural hazards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the increasing tendency of natural hazards, the typhoon, hurricane and tropical Cyclone induced surge, wave, precipitation, flood and wind as extreme external loads menacing Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) in coastal and inland provinces of China. For all of planned, designed And constructed NPP the National Nuclear Safety Administration of China and IAEA recommended Probable Maximum Hurricane /Typhoon/(PMH/T), Probable Maximum Storm Surge (PMSS), Probable Maximum Flood (PMF), Design Basis Flood (DBF) as safety regulations for NPP defense infrastructures. This paper discusses the joint probability analysis of simultaneous occurrence typhoon induced extreme external hazards and compare with IAEA 2006-2009 recommended safety regulation design criteria for some NPP defense infrastructures along China coast. (authors)

Guilin, L. [College of Engineering, Ocean Univ. ot China, Yushan Road No. 5, Qingdao 266003 (China); Defu, L. [Disaster Prevention Research Inst., Ocean Univ. ot China, Yushan Road No. 5, Qingdao 266003 (China); Huajun, L. [College of Engineering, Ocean Univ. ot China, Yushan Road No. 5, Qingdao 266003 (China); Fengqing, W. [Disaster Prevention Research Inst., Ocean Univ. of China, Songling Road No.238, Qingdao 266100 (China); Tao, Z. [College of Engineering, Ocean Univ. of China, Songling Road No.238, Qingdao 266100 (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

A Nano-Quantum Photonic Model for Justification of Dispersion in Single Crystal Film of NPP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we present a nano-quantum photonic model for justification of normal dispersion in a thin crystal film of NPP. In this method, we assume a laser beam consists of a flow of energetic particles. By precise analyzing of photon interaction with pi-electron system of benzene ring in NPP crystal, we will attain refractive index (RI) in any wavelength and compare the results with experimental data.

Hassan Kaatuzian; AliAkbar Wahedy Zarch

2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

35

NIST Special Publication 1039r1 Liquid Flow Meter Calibrations with the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NIST Special Publication 1039r1 Liquid Flow Meter Calibrations with the 0.1 L/s and the 2.5 L Publication 1039r1 Liquid Flow Meter Calibrations with the 0.1 L/s and the 2.5 L/s Piston Provers Jodie G. Technol. Spec. Publ. 1039r1, 55 pages (December 2013) CODEN: NSPUE2 #12;Liquid Flow Meter Calibrations

36

Properties of Gamma factors for GSp(4) x GL(r) with r = 1, 2 /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

iv 4 GSp 4 GL 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .case. . . . 3 GSp 4 GL 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . .representations of GSp 4 GL r with r 1, 2. Main Theorem

Townsend, Nelson J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Sources and fluxes of carbon in a large boreal hydroelectric reservoir of eastern Canada: an isotopic approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sources and fluxes of carbon in a large boreal hydroelectric reservoir of eastern Canada Hydroelectric reservoirs emit greenhouse gases (GHGs). Although a few hypothesis have been put forward at the surface of a large boreal hydroelectric reservoir of eastern Canada (Robert-Bourassa) as well

Long, Bernard

38

Specification No. 203-HJT-9000R09000R1a Specification for a Pump System for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Specification No. 203-HJT-9000R09000R1a Specification for a Pump System for the High Power Mercury-Jet Target Experiment August 24Nov 1, 2005 #12;Specification for Syringe Pump System High Power Mercury Target Experiment 203-HJT-9000R09000R1a ii SPECIFICATION FOR A PUMP SYSTEM FOR THE HIGH POWER MERCURY

McDonald, Kirk

39

Modification of the Decontamination Facility at the Kruemmel NPP - 13451  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In February 2009, Siempelkamp Nukleartechnik GmbH was awarded the contract for the design, manufacture, delivery and construction of a new Decontamination Facility in the controlled area for Kruemmel NPP. The new decontamination equipment has been installed according to the state of art of Kruemmel NPP. The existing space required the following modification, retrofitting and reconstruction works: - Demounting of the existing installation: to create space for the new facility it was necessary to dismantle the old facility. The concrete walls and ceilings were cut into sizes of no more than 400 kg for ease of handling. This enabled decontamination so largest possible amount could be released for recycling. All steel parts were cut into sizes fitting for iron-barred boxes, respecting the requirement to render the parts decontaminable and releasable. - Reconstructing a decontamination facility: Reconstruction of a decontamination box with separate air lock as access area for the decontamination of components and assemblies was conducted using pressurized air with abrasives (glass beads or steel shots). The walls were equipped with sound protection, the inner walls were welded gap-free to prevent the emergence of interstices and were equipped with changeable wear and tear curtains. Abrasive processing unit positioned underneath the dry blasting box adjacent to the two discharge hoppers. A switch has been installed for the separation of the glass beads and the steel shot. The glass beads are directed into a 200 l drum for the disposal. The steel shot was cleaned using a separator. The cleaned steel shot was routed via transportation devices to the storage container, making it available for further blasting operations. A decontamination box with separate air lock as access area for the decontamination of components and assemblies using high pressure water technology was provided by new construction. Water pressures between 160 bar and 800 bar can be selected. The inner walls are welded gap-free and all rough edges are rounded off. All wetted parts are steel grade 1.4301 or higher. In an extension to the high pressure water decontamination box, 2 ultrasonic ponds and one washing station for small components as provide by new construction. A long pond with 3.25 m length for the decontamination of large components (e.g. turbine blades, pump rotors, driving rods) was installed. For the handling heavy components, a 2 t crane was installed. New construction of a mechanical effluent treatment facility including oil separator was connected to the existing effluent storage tank provided by the customer. One exhaust air filtration system is provided for each decontamination box, with the following requirements. The exhaust air is sent back to the room (recirculated air system). Dry blasting box including raw separator with dust collection in 200 l drum, filter for suspended particles; High pressure water decontamination box and wet area with water separator, pre-separator, filter for suspended particles. Installation of a steel platform at building height +12.85 above the decontamination boxes + 8.50 m for the erection of the high pressure water facilities, the recirculating air filter system, the air compressor and the respiratory air supply unit. The aforementioned components are placed on the steel platform and have been encased in a sound-lowering and accessible manner. New construction of the entire E and C technology for the TU system including modification of the supply lines from the switch gear. All devices are to be operated automatically. Dry blasting box, high pressure water decontamination box and wet area are designed to guarantee a unitary 'exterior view' of the decontamination facility. (authors)

Klute, Stefan; Kupke, Peter [Siempelkamp Nukleartechnik GmbH Am Taubenfeld 25/1, 69123 Heidelberg (Germany)] [Siempelkamp Nukleartechnik GmbH Am Taubenfeld 25/1, 69123 Heidelberg (Germany)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Improvement of Radwaste Management System at Bilibinskaya NPP in the Far North Conditions - 13456  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 2009 Bilibinskaya NPP is getting started to prepare to the decommissioning in the Far North conditions. Bilibinskaya NPP is located in the Far North of Russian Federation in Chukotka region. Since 1974 it operates 4 units EGP-6 with the capacity of 48 MW each. According to the contract, SIA Radon has performed the following works: - LLRW disposal safety analysis, - The technology of spent ion-exchanger and salt residue solidification is proposed, - Expected radwaste (till 2027) management economical analysis, - Technical proposals for LLRW and IRW management. (authors)

Fedorov, Denis; Adamovich, Dmitry; Savkin, Alexander [SUE SIA Radon, 2/14, 7th Rostovsky lane, Moscow, 119121 (Russian Federation)] [SUE SIA Radon, 2/14, 7th Rostovsky lane, Moscow, 119121 (Russian Federation)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Changing boreal methane sources and constant biomass burning during the last termination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of CH4, the second most import- ant anthropogenic greenhouse gas, is determined by a balance between natural and anthropogenic CH4 sources and sinks that is still debated. Photochemically induced oxidation important sinks9,10 . The dominating natural CH4 sources comprise tropical and boreal wetlands, ruminants

Stocker, Thomas

42

The disappearance of relict permafrost in boreal north America: Effects on peatland carbon storage and fluxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will partially or even completely offset this enhanced peatland carbon sink for at least 70 years followingThe disappearance of relict permafrost in boreal north America: Effects on peatland carbon storage carbon storage in peatlands. To determine whether differences in substrate quality across permafrost

Turetsky, Merritt

43

Snow ablation modelling in a mature aspen stand of the boreal forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of components of energy transfer at the forest ¯oor. Our previous work successfully predicted snow ablationSnow ablation modelling in a mature aspen stand of the boreal forest J. P. Hardy,1* R. E. Davis,1 R below forest canopies. This work represents a second test of our basic modelling scenario by predict

Ni-Meister, Wenge

44

Association of postfire peat accumulation and microtopography in boreal bogs1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Association of postfire peat accumulation and microtopography in boreal bogs1 Brian W. Benscoter, Dale H. Vitt, and R. Kelman Wieder Abstract: Peatlands accumulate organic matter as peat because of disproportionate rates of production and decomposi- tion. However, peat accumulation heterogeneity has not been

Benscoter, Brian W.

45

Robust Tensor Factorization Using R1 Norm Computer Science and Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robust Tensor Factorization Using R1 Norm Heng Huang Computer Science and Engineering University of Texas at Arlington heng@uta.edu Chris Ding Computer Science and Engineering University of Texas

Huang, Heng

46

A non-geodesic motion in the R^-1 theory of gravity tuned with observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the general picture of high order theories of gravity, recently, the R^-1 theory has been analyzed in two different frameworks. In this letter a third context is added, considering an explicit coupling between the R^-1 function of the Ricci scalar and the matter Lagrangian. The result is a non-geodesic motion of test particles which, in principle, could be connected with Dark Matter and Pioneer anomaly problems.

Christian Corda

2008-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

47

First Observations of SO2 from the Satellite Suomi NPP OMPS: Widespread Air Pollution Events over  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First Observations of SO2 from the Satellite Suomi NPP OMPS: Widespread Air Pollution Events over author: Kai Yang, Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory, Code 614, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Rd Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA. (Kai.Yang-1@nasa.gov) 1 Department of Atmospheric

Dickerson, Russell R.

48

Evaluation of Radiation Impacts of Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage (SNFS-2) of Chernobyl NPP - 13495  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiation effects are estimated for the operation of a new dry storage facility for spent nuclear fuel (SNFS-2) of Chernobyl NPP RBMK reactors. It is shown that radiation exposure during normal operation, design and beyond design basis accidents are minor and meet the criteria for safe use of radiation and nuclear facilities in Ukraine. (authors)

Paskevych, Sergiy; Batiy, Valiriy; Sizov, Andriy [Institute for Safety Problems of Nuclear Power Plants, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 36 a Kirova str. Chornobyl, Kiev region, 07200 (Ukraine)] [Institute for Safety Problems of Nuclear Power Plants, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 36 a Kirova str. Chornobyl, Kiev region, 07200 (Ukraine); Schmieman, Eric [Battelle Memorial Institute, PO Box 999 MSIN K6-90, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)] [Battelle Memorial Institute, PO Box 999 MSIN K6-90, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Closure report for underground storage tank 161-R1U1 and its associated underground piping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Underground storage tank (UST) 161-31 R at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) was registered with the State Water Resources Control Board on June 27, 1984. UST 161-31R was subsequently renamed UST 161-R1U1 (Fig. A-1, Appendix A). UST 161-R1U1 was installed in 1976, and had a capacity of 383 gallons. This tank system consisted of a fiberglass reinforced plastic tank, approximately 320 feet of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) underground piping from Building 161, and approximately 40 feet of PVC underground piping from Building 160. The underground piping connected laboratory drains and sinks inside Buildings 160 and 161 to UST 161-R1U1. The wastewater collected in UST 161-R1U1, contained organic solvents, metals, inorganic acids, and radionuclides, most of which was produced within Building 161. On June 28, 1989, the UST 161-R1U1 piping system.around the perimeter of Building 161 failed a precision test performed by Gary Peters Enterprises (Appendix B). The 161-R1U1 tank system was removed from service after the precision test. In July 1989, additional hydrostatic tests and helium leak detection tests were performed (Appendix B) to determine the locations of the piping failures in the Building 161 piping system. The locations of the piping system failures are shown in Figure A-2 (Appendix A). On July 11, 1989, LLNL submitted an Unauthorized Release Report to Alameda County Department of Environmental Health (ACDEH), Appendix C.

Mallon, B.J.; Blake, R.G.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Between the Tree and the Bark: The Politics of Boreal Forest Imaginaries in the Abitibi region, Qubec, Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines the politics of managing the boreal forest in the Abitibi region of Qubec in Canada. It pays particular attention to how the plurality of forest users produces multiple forest imaginaries that are ...

Nobert, Sbastien

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Phylogenetic relationships, host affinity, and geographic structure of boreal and arctic endophytes from three major plant lineages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phylogenetic relationships, host affinity, and geographic structure of boreal and arctic endophytes Although associated with all plants, fungal endophytes (microfungi that live within healthy plant tissues, or phylogenetic relationships. We surveyed endophytic Ascomycota from healthy photosyn- thetic tissues of three

Arnold, A. Elizabeth

52

Chernobyl NPP: Completion of LRW Treatment Plant and LRW Management on Site - 12568  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since a beginning of ChNPP operation, and after a tragedy in 1986, a few thousands m3 of LRW have been collected in a storage tanks. In 2004 ChNPP started the new project on creation of LRW treatment plant (LRWTP) financed from EBRD fund. But it was stopped in 2008 because of financial and contract problems. In 2010 SIA RADON jointly with Ukrainian partners has won a tender on completion of LRWTP, in particular I and C system. The purpose of LRTP is to process liquid rad-wastes from SSE 'Chernobyl NPP' site and those liquids stored in the LRWS and SLRWS tanks as well as the would-be wastes after ChNPP Power Units 1, 2 and 3 decommissioning. The LRTP design lifetime - 20 years. Currently, the LRTP is getting ready to perform the following activities: 1. retrieval of waste from tanks stored at ChNPP LWS using waste retrieval system with existing equipment involved; 2. transfer of retrieved waste into LRTP reception tanks with partial use of existing transfer pipelines; 3. laboratory chemical and radiochemical analysis of reception tanks contest to define the full spectrum of characteristics before processing, to acknowledge the necessity of preliminary processing and to select end product recipe; 4. preliminary processing of the waste to meet the requirements for further stages of the process; 5. shrinkage (concentrating) of preliminary processed waste; 6. solidification of preliminary processed waste with concrete to make a solid-state (end product) and load of concrete compound into 200-l drums; 7. curing of end product drums in LRTP curing hall; 8. radiologic monitoring of end product drums and their loading into special overpacks; 9. overpack radiological monitoring; 10. send for disposal (ICSRM Lot 3); The current technical decisions allow to control and return to ChNPP of process media and supporting systems outputs until they satisfy the following quality norms: salt content: < 100 g/l; pH: 1 - 11; anionic surface-active agent: < 25 mg/l; oil dissipated in the liquid: < 2 mg/l; overall gamma-activity: < 3,7 x10{sup 5} Bq/l. (authors)

Fedorov, Denis; Adamovich, Dmitry [SIA 'RADON', Moscow (Russian Federation); Klimenko, I.; Taranenko, L. [IVL Engineering, Kiev (Ukraine)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-14-042 R1.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 - Outline andPROPOSAL68R1 SECTION A.84-038901R1

54

Intercomparison of techniques to model water stress effects on CO2 and energy exchange in temperate and boreal deciduous forests  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Soil water deficits are a key controller of net ecosystem productivity (NEP) in deciduous broadleaf forests. Mathematical models of forest NEP need to represent the processes by which this control is exerted if they are to be used to predict the impacts of changing hydrology on forest C stocks. The key processes controlling NEP during soil water deficits are hydraulic limitations to water transfer in soil, roots, stems and leaves that impose constraints on gross primary productivity (GPP). We compare five ecosystem models with different techniques to simulate these processes for their ability to model reduced latent versus sensible heat fluxes, earlier diurnal declines in CO2 influxes and reduced soil CO2 effluxes during soil drying. Model accuracy was assessed using energy and CO2 fluxes measured by eddy covariance and surface chambers in a warm temperate and a cool boreal deciduous forest during a drying period. Diurnal declines in CO2 influxes during soil drying were consistently simulated by models in which soil drying lowered root and canopy water potentials ( c) and raised soil and root hydraulic resistances. Leaf stomatal conductance (gl), derived in these models from non-linear functions of c, then became more sensitive to diurnal changes in vapor pressure deficits (D). Diurnal declines in CO2 influxes could be simulated with comparable accuracy under most conditions by a model in which gl was empirically related to soil water potential and D, although these declines were sometimes not fully simulated. CO2 influxes declined too rapidly with diurnal rises in D in another model in which gl was calculated from CO2 fixation which was empirically related to soil water content. Divergences in modeled versus measured half-hourly or hourly CO2 exchange were also apparent in modeled versus measured annual GPP, net primary productivity (NPP) and NEP. The ability to distinguish among alternative algorithms for their accuracy in calculating CO2 and energy fluxes was often limited by uncertainty in the measurement of these fluxes using eddy covariance, especially when low wind speeds and stable boundary layers reduced atmospheric turbulence.

Grant, Robert F. [University of Alberta; Zhang, Y. [Canadian Centre for Remote Sensing; Yuan, F. [McMaster University; Wang, S. [Canadian Centre for Remote Sensing; Hanson, Paul J [ORNL; Gaumont-Guay, D. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Chen, j. [University of Toronto; Black, T. A. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Barr, A. [Environment Canada; Baldocchi, D. D. [University of California, Berkeley; Arain, A. [McMaster University

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

SEISMIC RESPONSE PREDICTION OF NUPEC'S FIELD MODEL TESTS OF NPP STRUCTURES WITH ADJACENT BUILDING EFFECT.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of a verification test program for seismic analysis computer codes for Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) structures, the Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC) of Japan has conducted a series of field model tests to address the dynamic cross interaction (DCI) effect on the seismic response of NPP structures built in close proximity to each other. The program provided field data to study the methodologies commonly associated with seismic analyses considering the DCI effect. As part of a collaborative program between the United States and Japan on seismic issues related to NPP applications, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission sponsored a program at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to perform independent seismic analyses which applied common analysis procedures to predict the building response to recorded earthquake events for the test models with DCI effect. In this study, two large-scale DCI test model configurations were analyzed: (1) twin reactor buildings in close proximity and (2) adjacent reactor and turbine buildings. This paper describes the NUPEC DCI test models, the BNL analysis using the SASSI 2000 program, and comparisons between the BNL analysis results and recorded field responses. To account for large variability in the soil properties, the conventional approach of computing seismic responses with the mean, mean plus and minus one-standard deviation soil profiles is adopted in the BNL analysis and the three sets of analysis results were used in the comparisons with the test data. A discussion is also provided in the paper to address (1) the capability of the analysis methods to capture the DCI effect, and (2) the conservatism of the practice for considering soil variability in seismic response analysis for adjacent NPP structures.

XU,J.COSTANTINO,C.HOFMAYER,C.ALI,S.

2004-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

56

Floor response spectra for seismic qualification of Kozloduy VVER 440-230 NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper the floor response spectra generation methodology for Kozloduy NPP, Unit 1-2 of VVER 440-230 is presented. The 2D coupled soil-structure interaction models are used combined with a simplified correction of the final results for accounting of torsional effects. Both time history and direct approach for in-structure spectra generation are used and discussion of results is made.

Kostov, M.K. [Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia (BG). Central Lab. for Seismic Mechanics and Earthquake Engineering; Ma, D.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Prato, C.A. [Univ. of Cordoba (AR); Stevenson, J.D. [Stevenson and Associates, Cleveland, OH (US)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

VT-2014-00407.R1 1 Abstract--Simulation-based design optimization of an electric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a motor design, thus confining its application to the early conceptual design stage. Practical electric analysis accuracy and efficiency, direct integration of a motor model into a system optimization model hasVT-2014-00407.R1 1 Abstract--Simulation-based design optimization of an electric vehicle (EV

Papalambros, Panos

58

The Specification of the Casimir Architecture1 Project R1-[ImageSpace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

architecture, we use entities in environmental and geographic space that can be conveyed through 2-dimensionalThe Specification of the Casimir Architecture1 Project R1-[ImageSpace] Sven Bertel, Thomas and mental diagrammatic representations. The diagrammatic processing architecture Casimir2 serves as a common

Bremen, Universität

59

Identifying the Proteins that Mediate the Ionizing Radiation Resistance of Deinococcus Radiodurans R1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objectives of this proposal was to define the subset of proteins required for the ionizing radiation (IR) resistance of Deinococcus radiodurans R1, characterize the activities of those proteins, and apply what was learned to problems of interest to the Department of Energy.

Battista, John R

2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

60

OVERVIEW ON BNL ASSESSMENT OF SEISMIC ANALYSIS METHODS FOR DEEPLY EMBEDDED NPP STRUCTURES.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was performed by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) under the sponsorship of the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC), to determine the applicability of established soil-structure interaction analysis methods and computer programs to deeply embedded and/or buried (DEB) nuclear power plant (NPP) structures. This paper provides an overview of the BNL study including a description and discussions of analyses performed to assess relative performance of various SSI analysis methods typically applied to NPP structures, as well as the importance of interface modeling for DEB structures. There are four main elements contained in the BNL study: (1) Review and evaluation of existing seismic design practice, (2) Assessment of simplified vs. detailed methods for SSI in-structure response spectrum analysis of DEB structures, (3) Assessment of methods for computing seismic induced earth pressures on DEB structures, and (4) Development of the criteria for benchmark problems which could be used for validating computer programs for computing seismic responses of DEB NPP structures. The BNL study concluded that the equivalent linear SSI methods, including both simplified and detailed approaches, can be extended to DEB structures and produce acceptable SSI response calculations, provided that the SSI response induced by the ground motion is very much within the linear regime or the non-linear effect is not anticipated to control the SSI response parameters. The BNL study also revealed that the response calculation is sensitive to the modeling assumptions made for the soil/structure interface and application of a particular material model for the soil.

XU,J.; COSTANTINO, C.; HOFMAYER, C.; GRAVES, H.

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

FM032_r1_0_Incident Report.doc 03/04/09 CNS Incident Report Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FM032_r1_0_Incident Report.doc 03/04/09 CNS Incident Report Form Incident Information Date and Time Instructions on reverse #12;FM032_r1_0_Incident Report.doc 03/04/09 FM032 Instructions 1. This form. This form is not a substitute for other reporting obligations including University Injury reports. #12;

62

Role of research reactors in training of NPP personnel with special focus on training reactor VR-1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research reactors play an important role in providing key personnel of nuclear power plants a hands-on experience from operation and experiments at nuclear facilities. Training of NPP (Nuclear Power Plant) staff is usually deeply theoretical with an extensive utilisation of simulators and computer visualisation. But a direct sensing of the reactor response to various actions can only improve the personnel awareness of important aspects of reactor operation. Training Reactor VR-1 and its utilization for training of NPP operators and other professionals from Czech Republic and Slovakia is described. Typical experimental exercises and good practices in organization of a training program are demonstrated. (authors)

Sklenka, L.; Rataj, J.; Frybort, J.; Huml, O. [Dept. of Nuclear Reactors, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical Univ. in Prague, V Holesovickach 2, Prague 8, 180 00 (Czech Republic)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Comparing fuel reduction treatments for reducing wildfire size and intensity in a boreal forest landscape of northeastern China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparing fuel reduction treatments for reducing wildfire size and intensity in a boreal forest, Columbia, MO 65211, USA H I G H L I G H T S Focusing on fuel load may ignore effects of other spatial controls on fire. We used burn probability to combine effects of fuel load and other spatial controls

He, Hong S.

64

Estimation of the mean depth of boreal lakes for use in numerical weather prediction and climate modelling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the numerical weather prediction (NWP) and climate models through parameterisation. For parameterisation, data. The effect of lakes should be parameterised in numerical weather prediction (NWP) and climate modellingEstimation of the mean depth of boreal lakes for use in numerical weather prediction and climate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

65

TESTING OF NOVEL INORGANIC ION EXCHANGERS FOR THE REMOVAL OF RADIOCOBALT FROM NPP WASTE EFFLUENTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New antimonysilicate (SbSi) ion exchanger is being developed for industrial use. Tentative screening tests using simulated waste liquids have indicated that this material can remove most key radionuclides such as {sup 60}Co, {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs in much broader pH-range than existing commercial materials. As a part of the development program, the material is being tested for the removal of {sup 60}Co from real nuclear power plant waste waters. In this context, test with small-scale laboratory columns (bed volume 0.5 mL) have been carried out using a Floor Drain water samples from Ginna NPP and Diablo Canyon NPP, USA. More than 90% of {sup 60}Co in these liquids was removable by mechanical filtration (0.45 {micro}m). SbSi columns removed more than 90% of the soluble {sup 60}Co that was left in the solutions after filtration. The tests were discontinued when about 2000 bed volumes were treated due to depletion of test liquids with no sign of column exhaustion.

Harjula, R.; Paajanen, A.; Mueller, T.; Lehto, J.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

66

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-13-009 R1.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 - Outline andPROPOSAL68 SECTION985209 R1 SECTION

67

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-14-020 R1.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 - Outline andPROPOSAL68R1 SECTION A. Project

68

Overview of Remote Handling Equipment Used for the NPP A1 Decommissioning - 12141  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first Czechoslovak NPP A1 was in operation from 1972 to 1977 and it was finally shutdown due to an accident (level 4 according to the INES). The presence of radioactive, toxic or hazardous materials limits personnel access to facilities and therefore it is necessary to use remote handling technologies for some most difficult characterization, retrieval, decontamination and dismantling tasks. The history of remote handling technologies utilization started in nineties when the spent nuclear fuel, including those fuel assemblies damaged during the accident, was prepared for the transport to Russia. Subsequent significant development of remote handling equipment continued during implementation of the NPP A1 decommissioning project - Stage I and ongoing Stage II. Company VUJE, Inc. is the general contractor for both mentioned stages of the decommissioning project. Various remote handling manipulators and robotics arms were developed and used. It includes remotely controlled vehicle manipulator MT-15 used for characterisation tasks in hostile and radioactive environment, special robust manipulator DENAR-41 used for the decontamination of underground storage tanks and multi-purposes robotics arms MT-80 and MT-80A developed for variety of decontamination and dismantling tasks. The heavy water evaporator facility dismantling is the current task performed remotely by robotics arm MT-80. The heavy water evaporator is located inside the main production building in the room No. 220 where loose surface contamination varies from 10 Bq/cm{sup 2} to 1x10{sup 3} Bq/cm{sup 2}, dose rate is up to 1.5 mGy/h and the feeding pipeline contained liquid RAW with high tritium content. Presented manipulators have been designed for broad range of decommissioning tasks. They are used for recognition, sampling, waste retrieval from large underground tanks, decontamination and dismantling of technological equipments. Each of the mentioned fields claims specific requirements on design of manipulator, their operation and control systems as well as tools of manipulators. Precise planning of decontamination and dismantling tasks is necessary for its successful performance by remotely controlled manipulator. The example of the heavy water evaporator demonstrates typical procedure for decommissioning of contaminated technological equipment by remotely controlled manipulators - planning of decommissioning tasks, preparatory tasks, modification of applied tools and design of specific supporting constructions for manipulator and finally decontamination and dismantling themselves. Due to the particularly demanding conditions in highly contaminated A1 NPP, a team of experts with special know-how in the field of decommissioning has grown up, and unique technological equipment enabling effective and safe work in environment with a high radiation level has been developed. (authors)

Kravarik, K.; Medved, J.; Pekar, A.; Stubna, M. [VUJE, Inc., Okruzna 5, 918 64 Trnava (Slovakia); Michal, V. [IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O.Box 100, A-1400 Vienna (Austria); Vargovcik, L. [ZTS VVU Kosice, Inc., Juzna Trieda 95, 041 24 Kosice (Slovakia)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Disappearance of Relict Permafrost in Boreal North America: Effects on Peatland Carbon Storage and Fluxes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boreal peatlands in Canada have harbored relict permafrost since the Little Ice Age due to the strong insulating properties of peat. Ongoing climate change has triggered widespread degradation of localized permafrost in peatlands across continental Canada. Here, we explore the influence of differing permafrost regimes (bogs with no surface permafrost, localized permafrost features with surface permafrost, and internal lawns representing areas of permafrost degradation) on rates of peat accumulation at the southernmost limit of permafrost in continental Canada. Net organic matter accumulation generally was greater in unfrozen bogs and internal lawns than in the permafrost landforms, suggesting that surface permafrost inhibits peat accumulation and that degradation of surface permafrost stimulates net carbon storage in peatlands. To determine whether differences in substrate quality across permafrost regimes control trace gas emissions to the atmosphere, we used a reciprocal transplant study to experimentally evaluate environmental versus substrate controls on carbon emissions from bog, internal lawn, and permafrost peat. Emissions of CO{sub 2} were highest from peat incubated in the localized permafrost feature, suggesting that slow organic matter accumulation rates are due, at least in part, to rapid decomposition in surface permafrost peat. Emissions of CH{sub 4} were greatest from peat incubated in the internal lawn, regardless of peat type. Localized permafrost features in peatlands represent relict surface permafrost in disequilibrium with the current climate of boreal North America, and therefore are extremely sensitive to ongoing and future climate change. Our results suggest that the loss of surface permafrost in peatlands increases net carbon storage as peat, though in terms of radiative forcing, increased CH{sub 4} emissions to the atmosphere will partially or even completely offset this enhanced peatland carbon sink for at least 70 years following permafrost degradation.

Turetsky, M. R.; Wieder, R. K.; Vitt, D. H.; Evans, R. J.; Scott, K. D.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Disturbance legacies and climate jointly drive tree growth and mortality in an intensively studied boreal forest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

How will regional growth and mortality change with even relatively small climate shifts, even independent of catastrophic disturbances? This question is particularly acute for the North American boreal forest, which is carbon-dense and subject The goals of this study were to combine dendrochronological sampling, inventory records, and machine-learning algorithms to understand how tree growth and death have changed at one highly studied site (Northern Old Black Spruce, NOBS) in the central Canadian boreal forest. Over the 1999-2012 inventory period, mean DBH increased even as stand density and basal area declined significantly from 41.3 to 37.5 m2 ha-1. Tree mortality averaged 1.40.6% yr-1, with most mortality occurring in medium-sized trees. A combined tree ring chronology constructed from 2001, 2004, and 2012 sampling showed several periods of extreme growth depression, with increased mortality lagging depressed growth by ~5 years. Minimum and maximum air temperatures exerted a negative influence on tree growth, while precipitation and climate moisture index had a positive effect; both current- and previous-year data exerted significant effects. Models based on these variables explained 23-44% of the ring-width variability. There have been at least one, and probably two, significant recruitment episodes since stand initiation, and we infer that past climate extremes led to significant NOBS mortality still visible in the current forest structure. These results imply that a combination of successional and demographic processes, along with mortality driven by abiotic factors, continue to affect the stand, with significant implications for our understanding of previous work at NOBS and the sustainable management of regional forests.

Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Rocha, Adrian; Calvin, Katherine V.; Holmes, Bruce; Wang, Chuankuan; Goulden, Michael L.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

ANSI X3H296264r1 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL MCI144  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANSI X3H2­96­264r1 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL MCI­144 I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Queries in the US and UK Proposals Source: ANSI Expert's Contribution Authors: Richard T. Snodgrass. (ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL MCI­99, ANSI X3H2­96­013r1.) [3] Snodgrass, R. T., M. H. B¨ohlen, C. S

Snodgrass, Richard T.

72

Failure Forewarning in NPP Equipment NERI2000-109 Final Project Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is forewarning of machine failures in critical equipment at next-generation nuclear power plants (NPP). Test data were provided by two collaborating institutions: Duke Engineering and Services (first project year), and the Pennsylvania State University (Applied Research Laboratory) during the second and third project years. New nonlinear methods were developed and applied successfully to extract forewarning trends from process-indicative, time-serial data for timely, condition-based maintenance. Anticipation of failures in critical equipment at next-generation NPP will improve the scheduling of maintenance activities to minimize safety concerns, unscheduled non-productive downtime, and collateral damage due to unexpected failures. This approach provides significant economic benefit, and is expected to improve public acceptance of nuclear power. The approach is a multi-tiered, model-independent, and data-driven analysis that uses ORNL's novel nonlinear method to extract forewarning of machine failures from appropriate data. The first tier of the analysis provides a robust choice for the process-indicative data. The second tier rejects data of inadequate quality. The third tier removes signal artifacts that would otherwise confound the analysis, while retaining the relevant nonlinear dynamics. The fourth tier converts the artifact-filtered time-serial data into a geometric representation, that is then transformed to a discrete distribution function (DF). This method allows for noisy, finite-length datasets. The fifth tier obtains dissimilarity measures (DM) between the nominal-state DF and subsequent test-state DFs. Forewarning of a machine failure is indicated by several successive occurrences of the DM above a threshold, or by a statistically significant trend in the DM. This paradigm yields robust nonlinear signatures of degradation and its progression, allowing earlier and more accurate detection of the machine failure.

Hively, LM

2004-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

73

The Management of the Radioactive Waste Generated by Cernavoda NPP, Romania, an Example of International Cooperation - 13449  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design criteria and constraints for the development of the management strategy for radioactive waste generated from operating and decommissioning of CANDU Nuclear Units from Cernavoda NPP in Romania, present many specific aspects. The main characteristics of CANDU type waste are its high concentrations of tritium and radiocarbon. Also, the existing management strategy for radioactive waste at Cernavoda NPP provides no treatment or conditioning for radioactive waste disposal. These characteristics embodied a challenging effort, in order to select a proper strategy for radioactive waste management at present, when Romania is an EU member and a signatory country of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management. The helping of advanced countries in radioactive waste management, directly or into the frame of the international organizations, like IAEA, become solve the aforementioned challenges at adequate level. (authors)

Barariu, Gheorghe [National Authority for Nuclear Activities - Subsidiary of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Projects - SITON, 409 Atomistilor Str., P.O. Box 5204, Mg4, Magurele (Romania)] [National Authority for Nuclear Activities - Subsidiary of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Projects - SITON, 409 Atomistilor Str., P.O. Box 5204, Mg4, Magurele (Romania)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Comparison of Candidate Sites for installation of Landfill facility at Ignalina NPP Site Using Fuzzy Logic Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is only one nuclear power plant in Lithuania - Ignalina NPP (Nuclear Power Plant). Two similar units with installed capacity of 1500 MW (each) were commissioned in 1983 and 1987 respectively. But the first Unit of Ignalina NPP was finally shutdown December 31, 2004, and second Unit is planned to be shutdown before 2010. Operational radioactive waste of different activities is generated at Ignalina NPP. After closure of INPP a waste from decommissioning should be managed also. According to Lithuanian regulatory requirements (1) the waste depending on the activity must be managed in different ways. In compliance with this Regulation very low-level radioactive waste (VLLW) could be disposed of in a Landfill facility. In such case very simple engineered barriers are required. A cap on the top of the repository is necessary from long-term safety point of view. Experience has shown that the effective and safe isolation of waste depends on the performance of the overall disposal system, which is formed by three major components: the site, the disposal facility and the waste form. The basic objective of the siting process is to select a suitable site for disposal and demonstrate that this site has characteristics which provide adequate isolation of radionuclides from the biosphere for desired periods of time. The methodology and results on evaluation and comparison of two candidate sites intended for construction of Landfill facility at Ignalina NPP site are presented in the paper. Criteria for comparison are based on the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) recommendations (2). Modeling of the radionuclide releases has been performed using ISAM (Improving of Safety Assessment Methodologies for Near Surface Disposal facilities) methodology (3). For generalization of the information and elaboration of the recommendations Fuzzy Logic approach was used (4). (authors)

Poskas, P.; Kilda, R. [Lithuanian Energy Institute, Kaunas (Lithuania); Poskas, G. [Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas (Lithuania)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Global regularity of wave maps III. Large energy from $\\R^{1+2}$ to hyperbolic spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that wave maps $\\phi$ from two-dimensional Minkowski space $\\R^{1+2}$ to hyperbolic spaces $\\H^m$ are globally smooth in time if the initial data is smooth, conditionally on some reasonable claims concerning the local theory of such wave maps, as well as the self-similar and travelling (or stationary solutions); we will address these claims in the sequels \\cite{tao:heatwave2}, \\cite{tao:heatwave3}, \\cite{tao:heatwave4} to this paper. Following recent work in critical dispersive equations, the strategy is to reduce matters to the study of an \\emph{almost periodic} maximal Cauchy development in the energy class. We then repeatedly analyse the stress-energy tensor of this development (as in \\cite{tao:forges}) to extract either a self-similar, travelling, or degenerate non-trivial energy class solution to the wave maps equation. We will then rule out such solutions in the sequels to this paper, establishing the desired global regularity result for wave maps.

Tao, Terence

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

CO (3 2) HIGH-RESOLUTION SURVEY OF THE GALACTIC PLANE: R1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first release (R1) of data from the CO High-Resolution Survey (COHRS), which maps a strip of the inner Galactic plane in {sup 12}CO (J = 3 ? 2). The data are taken using the Heterodyne Array Receiver Programme on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii, which has a 14 arcsec angular resolution at this frequency. When complete, this survey will cover |b| ? 0.5 between 10 < l < 65. This first release covers |b| ? 0.5 between 10.25 < l < 17.5 and 50.25 < l < 55.25, and |b| ? 0.25 between 17.5 < l < 50.25. The data are smoothed to a velocity resolution of 1 km s{sup 1}, a spatial resolution of 16 arcsec and achieve a mean rms of ?1 K. COHRS data are available to the community online at http://dx.doi.org/10.11570/13.0002. In this paper we describe the data acquisition and reduction techniques used and present integrated intensity images and longitude-velocity maps. We also discuss the noise characteristics of the data. The high resolution is a powerful tool for morphological studies of bubbles and filaments while the velocity information shows the spiral arms and outflows. These data are intended to complement both existing and upcoming surveys, e.g., the Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey (BGPS), ATLASGAL, the Herschel Galactic Plane Survey (Hi-GAL) and the JCMT Galactic Plane Survey with SCUBA-2 (JPS)

Dempsey, J. T.; Thomas, H. S.; Currie, M. J., E-mail: j.dempsey@jach.hawaii.edu, E-mail: h.thomas@jach.hawaii.edu, E-mail: m.currie@jach.hawaii.edu [Joint Astronomy Centre, 660 N. Aohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

BNL PREDICTION OF NUPECS FIELD MODEL TESTS OF NPP STRUCTURES SUBJECT TO SMALL TO MODERATE MAGNITUDE EARTHQUAKES.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of a verification test program for seismic analysis codes for NPP structures, the Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC) of Japan has conducted a series of field model test programs to ensure the adequacy of methodologies employed for seismic analyses of NPP structures. A collaborative program between the United States and Japan was developed to study seismic issues related to NPP applications. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and its contractor, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), are participating in this program to apply common analysis procedures to predict both free field and soil-structure interaction (SSI) responses to recorded earthquake events, including embedment and dynamic cross interaction (DCI) effects. This paper describes the BNL effort to predict seismic responses of the large-scale realistic model structures for reactor and turbine buildings at the NUPEC test facility in northern Japan. The NUPEC test program has collected a large amount of recorded earthquake response data (both free-field and in-structure) from these test model structures. The BNL free-field analyses were performed with the CARES program while the SSI analyses were preformed using the SASS12000 computer code. The BNL analysis includes both embedded and excavated conditions, as well as the DCI effect, The BNL analysis results and their comparisons to the NUPEC recorded responses are presented in the paper.

XU,J.; COSTANTINO,C.; HOFMAYER,C.; MURPHY,A.; KITADA,Y.

2003-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

78

BNL PREDICTION OF NUPECS FIELD MODEL TESTS OF NPP STRUCTURES SUBJECT TO SMALL TO MODERATE MAGNITUDE EARTHQUAKES.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of a verification test program for seismic analysis codes for NPP structures, the Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC) of Japan has conducted a series of field model test programs to ensure the adequacy of methodologies employed for seismic analyses of NPP structures. A collaborative program between the United States and Japan was developed to study seismic issues related to NPP applications. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and its contractor, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), are participating in this program to apply common analysis procedures to predict both free field and soil-structure Interaction (SSI) responses to recorded earthquake events, including embedment and dynamic cross interaction (DCI) effects. This paper describes the BNL effort to predict seismic responses of the large-scale realistic model structures for reactor and turbine buildings at the NUPEC test facility in northern Japan. The NUPEC test program has collected a large amount of recorded earthquake response data (both free-field and in-structure) from these test model structures. The BNL free-field analyses were performed with the CARES program while the SSI analyses were preformed using the SASS12000 computer code. The BNL analysis includes both embedded and excavated conditions, as well as the DCI effect, The BNL analysis results and their comparisons to the NUPEC recorded responses are presented in the paper.

XU,J.; COSTANTINO,C.; HOFMAYER,C.; MURPHY,A.; KITADA,Y.

2003-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

79

Progress in Low and Intermediate Level Operational Waste Characterization and Preparation for Disposal at Ignalina NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Lithuania about 70-80% of all electricity is generated at a single power station, Ignalina NPP, which has two RBMK-1500 type reactors. Units 1 and 2 will be closed by 2005 and 2010, respectively, taking into account the conditions of the long-term substantial financial assistance rendered by the European Union, G-7 countries and other states as well as international institutions. The Government approved the Strategy on Radioactive Waste Management. Objectives of this strategy are to develop the radioactive waste management infrastructure based on modern technologies and provide for the set of practical actions that shall bring management of radioactive waste in Lithuania in compliance with radioactive waste management principles of IAEA and with good practices in force in European Union Member States. SKB-SWECO International-Westinghouse Atom Joint Venture with participation of Lithuanian Energy Institute has prepared a reference design of a near surface repository for short-lived low and intermediate level waste. This reference design is applicable to the needs in Lithuania, considering its hydro-geological, climatic and other environmental conditions and is able to cover the expected needs in Lithuania for at least thirty years ahead. Development of waste acceptance criteria is in practice an iterative process concerning characterization of existing waste, repository development, safety and environmental impact assessment etc. This paper describes the position in Lithuania with regard to the long-term management of low and intermediate level waste in the absence of finalized waste acceptance criteria and a near surface repository.

Poskas, P.; Adomaitis, J. E.; Ragaisis, V.

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

80

Restoration of water environment contaminated by radioactive cesium released from Fukushima Daiichi NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the Fukushima Daiichi NPP Accident, large amounts of volatile radioactive nuclides, such as {sup 131}I, {sup 134}Cs and {sup 137}Cs, were released to the atmosphere and huge areas surrounding the nuclear site were contaminated by the radioactive fallout. In this study, a combined process with a hydrothermal process and a coagulation settling process was proposed for the separation of radioactive Cs from contaminated soil and sewage sludge. The coagulation settling operation uses Prussian Blue (Ferric ferrocyanide) and an inorganic coagulant. The recovery of Cs from sewage sludge sampled at Fukushima city (100.000 Bq/kg) and soil at a nearby village (55.000 Bq/kg), was tested. About 96% of Cs in the sewage sludge was removed successfully by combining simple hydrothermal decomposition and coagulation settling. However, Cs in the soil was not removed sufficiently by the combined process (Cs removal is only 56%). The hydrothermal decomposition with blasting was carried out. The Cs removal from the soil was increased to 85%. When these operations were repeated twice, the Cs recovery was over 90%. The combined process with hydrothermal blasting and coagulation settling is applicable to the removal of Cs from highly contaminated soil.

Takeshita, K.; Takahashi, H. [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 157-8550 (Japan); Jinbo, Y. [CDM Cosulting Co.Ltd., 1-13-13 Tsukiji Chuo-ku Tokyo 104-0045 (Japan); Ishido, A. [Radwaste and Decommissioning Center, 1-7-6 Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0001 (Japan)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Commissioning and Operation of a Robotic Arm for Waste Retrieval at Trawsfynydd NPP, North Wales - 12091  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Trawsfynydd is one of the UK's first generation Magnox nuclear power plants. It started operation in 1965 and ceased generation in 1991. Before the site can enter the 'care and maintenance' phase a number of wet and dry waste stores around the site must be emptied and their contents made safe. Wet wastes include sludges and resins produced during the operating life of the NPP. The sludges and resins are stored in a number of different tanks that vary significantly in terms of size, shape, internal features and access. A dexterous long reach manipulator arm has been designed and built to facilitate tank clearance. Commissioning of the arm was carried out in parallel with Factory Acceptance Testing (FAT) at the manufacturer's site in Colorado, USA. In addition to basic functional testing this work included a full range of task based testing to ensure that the arm, tools, control system and support equipment were thoroughly exercised in representative conditions. Trawsfynydd is one of the lead sites in the UK's program for nuclear plant decommissioning. As such the lessons learned, both in terms of technology and process, will be applicable across the remainder of the fleet. (authors)

Smith, Alan L.; Cabrera, David L. [Magnox Ltd (United Kingdom)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

ON THE BEST RANK-1 AND RANK-(R1, R2, . . . , RN ) APPROXIMATION OF HIGHER-ORDER TENSORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE BEST RANK-1 AND RANK-(R1, R2, . . . , RN ) APPROXIMATION OF HIGHER-ORDER TENSORS LIEVEN DE generalization of the best rank-R approximation problem for matrices, namely, the approximation of a given higher-order tensor, in an optimal least- squares sense, by a tensor that has prespecified column rank value, row rank

83

Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon (C) dynamics of boreal forest ecosystems have substantial implications for efforts to mitigate the rise of atmospheric CO2 and may be substantially influenced by warming and changing wildfire regimes. In this study we applied a large-scale ecosystem model that included dynamics of organic soil horizons and soil organic matter characteristics of multiple pools to assess forest C stock changes of the Yukon River Basin (YRB) in Alaska, USA, and Canada from 1960 through 2006, a period characterized by substantial climate warming and increases in wildfire. The model was calibrated for major forests with data from long-term research sites and evaluated using a forest inventory database. The regional assessment indicates that forest vegetation C storage increased by 46 Tg C, but that total soil C storage did not change appreciably during this period. However, further analysis suggests that C has been continuously lost from the mineral soil horizon since warming began in the 1970s, but has increased in the amorphous organic soil horizon. Based on a factorial experiment, soil C stocks would have increased by 158 Tg C if the YRB had not undergone warming and changes in fire regime. The analysis also identified that warming and changes in fire regime were approximately equivalent in their effects on soil C storage, and interactions between these two suggests that the loss of organic horizon thickness associated with increases in wildfire made deeper soil C stocks more vulnerable to loss via decomposition. Subbasin analyses indicate that C stock changes were primarily sensitive to the fraction of burned forest area within each subbasin and that boreal forest ecosystems in the YRB are currently transitioning from being sinks to sources at ;0.7% annual area burned. We conclude that it is important for international mitigation efforts focused on controlling atmospheric CO2 to consider how climate warming and changes in fire regime may concurrently affect the CO2 sink strength of boreal forests. It is also important for large-scale biogeochemical and earth system models to include organic soil dynamics in applications to assess regional C dynamics of boreal forests responding to warming and changes in fire regime.

Yuan, Fengming [ORNL; Yi, Shuhua [Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS; McGuire, A. David [University of Alaska; Johnson, Kristopher D [University of Alaska, Fairbanks; Liang, Jingjing [University of Alaska, Fairbanks; Harden, Jennifer [USGS, Menlo Park, CA; Kasischke, Eric S. [University of Maryland, College Park; Kurz, Werner [Canadian Forest Service

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Development, construction, and use of pneumometric tubes for measurement of steam flow in the steam lines of PVG-1000 at NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A system for the direct measurement of steam flow in steam lines after a steam generator, which utilizes a special design of pneumometric tubes and a computing unit that accounts for variation in steam pressure, has been developed to improve the quality of water-level regulation in the steam generators of VVER-1000 power-generating units in the stationary and transitional modes. The advantage of the pneumometric tubes consists in their structural simplicity, high erosion resistance, and absence of irrevocable losses during measurement of steam flow. A similar measurement system is used at foreign NPP. The measurement system in question has been placed in experimental service at the No. 3 unit of the Balakovo NPP, and has demonstrated its worthiness. This measurement system can also be used to determine steam flow in the steam lines of NPP units with VVER-1000 and VVER-440 reactors, and PBMK-1000 power-generating units.

Gorbunov, Yu. S.; Ageev, A. G.; Vasil'eva, R. V.; Korol'kov, B. M. [FGUP 'Elektrogorsk Scientific-Research Center for NPP Safety' (Russian Federation)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

85

Application of the leak-before-break concept to the primary circuit piping of the Leningrad NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A two-year Finnish-Russian cooperation program has been initiated in 1995 to demonstrate the applicability of the leak-before-break concept (LBB) to the primary circuit piping of the Leningrad NPP. The program includes J-R curve testing of authentic pipe materials at full operating temperature, screening and computational LBB analyses complying with the USNRC Standard Review Plan 3.6.3, and exchange of LBB-related information with emphasis on NDE. Domestic computer codes are mainly used, and all tests and analyses are independently carried out by each party. The results are believed to apply generally to RBMK type plants of the first generation.

Eperin, A.P.; Zakharzhevsky, Yu.O.; Arzhaev, A.I. [and others

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Deciphering the impact of land-uses on terrestrial organic matter and mercury inputs to large boreal lakes of central Qubec using lignin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

boreal lakes of central Québec using lignin biomarkers Matthieu Moingt , Marc Lucotte, Serge Paquet in sediment cores. In each core, THg concentrations gradually increased over the recent years. Using lignin a powerful tool to reconstruct both Hg and TOM transfers from the watersheds to the aquatic systems. Lignin

87

The comprehensive I and C modernization project ANIS+ of the Swiss NPP Leibstadt  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Swiss Nuclear Electricity Production consists of four sites with a total of 5 Reactors. Together they have a capacity of 3220 MW and cover 40% of the total Swiss Electricity production. Leibstadt is the first Swiss NPP which started a comprehensive modernization project of all process related I and C-equipment in regard of an intended operation at least until 2045. The project will take about 15 years since the stepwise implementation will be only possible during the scheduled outages. The first modernization step, the replacement of most of the former stand alone process computers including the Safety Parameter Display System SPDS by a common platform was finished in this year's outage with a delay of 2 years over the original target line. The project is rated as category C according IEC 61226 by the Swiss nuclear authority (V and V requirements). This first step is at the beginning an integrated plant information system for monitoring only, but it forms already the operating and monitoring level of the future integrated Process Control System (PCS) for operational- as well as safety-I and C, fully based on digital technology. With each of the upcoming further modernization steps, parts of the process level will be added to the digital system by replacing the existing analog equipment for signal interrogation, component control (on-off as well as modulating control) and automatic functions like sequencer or switch over functions. Today's I and C equipment comprises more than 20 different systems from different suppliers, but mostly based on a common cabling- and connection concept and homogenous operating and signalization concept. The structure of the existing I and C-systems in the main plant is mostly according to I and C-functions and not according to process functions, which was a benefit during the original design and construction but has some disadvantages in regard of modifications or addition of new features and for the modernization. In the auxiliary plants a multitude of structures exists, so that overall there is a rather inhomogeneous structure prevailing. One objective of the modernization is the transformation from the control function oriented structure to a process oriented structure to optimize the system performance, e.g. by minimizing data communication requirements and to form an optimum situation for the future maintenance and expandability. The paper will deal with I and C-aspects as well as with HSI- resp. HFE-aspects and issues, mainly in regard of preparation of the overall project, points to take care of and lessons learned with the first implementation step. (authors)

Maerzendorfer, M. [Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt AG, CH-5325 Leibstadt (Switzerland)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

A Radiological Survey Approach to Use Prior to Decommissioning: Results from a Technology Scanning and Assessment Project Focused on the Chornobyl NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objectives of this project are to learn how to plan and execute the Technology Scanning and Assessment (TSA) approach by conducting a project and to be able to provide the approach as a capability to the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) and potentially elsewhere. A secondary objective is to learn specifics about decommissioning and in particular about radiological surveying to be performed prior to decommissioning to help ChNPP decision makers. TSA is a multi-faceted capability that monitors and analyzes scientific, technical, regulatory, and business factors and trends for decision makers and company leaders. It is a management tool where information is systematically gathered, analyzed, and used in business planning and decision making. It helps managers by organizing the flow of critical information and provides managers with information they can act upon. The focus of this TSA project is on radiological surveying with the target being ChNPP's Unit 1. This reactor was stopped on November 30, 1996. At this time, Ukraine failed to have a regulatory basis to provide guidelines for nuclear site decommissioning. This situation has not changed as of today. A number of documents have been prepared to become a basis for a combined study of the ChNPP Unit 1 from the engineering and radiological perspectives. The results of such a study are expected to be used when a detailed decommissioning plan is created.

Milchikov, A.; Hund, G.; Davidko, M.

1999-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

89

Mapping Complexity Sources in Nuclear Power Plant Domains Understanding the sources of complexity in advanced Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) control rooms and their  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mapping Complexity Sources in Nuclear Power Plant Domains Understanding the sources of complexity in advanced Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) control rooms and their effects on human reliability is critical of complexity leveraging network theory. INTRODUCTION The nuclear power industry in United States has declined

Cummings, Mary "Missy"

90

Boreal forest fire emissions in fresh Canadian smoke plumes: C1-C10volatile organic compounds (VOCs), CO2, CO, NO2, NO, HCN andCH3CN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Fehsenfeld, F. C. : Emission sources and ocean uptake ofand No- vakov, T. : Emissions of trace gases and particlesGroot, W. J. : Future emissions from Canadian boreal forest

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Neutron Scattering Study of Charge-Ordering in R1/3Sr2/3FeO3(R=La, Pr, Nd, Sm, and Y).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The series of compounds R1/3Sr2/3FeO3 (R = La, Pr, Nd, and Sm) undergo a Verwey transition along with an antiferromagnetic ordering of Fe spins as (more)

Ma, Jie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Numerical Simulation and Analyses of the Loss of Feedwater Transient at the Unit 4 of Kola NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A three-dimensional numerical simulation of the loss-of-feed water transient at the horizontal steam generator of the Kola nuclear power plant is performed. Presented numerical results show transient change of integral steam generator parameters, such as steam generation rate, water mass inventory, outlet reactor coolant temperature, as well as detailed distribution of shell side thermal-hydraulic parameters: swell and collapsed levels, void fraction distributions, mass flux vectors, etc. Numerical results are compared with measurements at the Kola NPP. The agreement is satisfactory, while differences are close to or below the measurement uncertainties. Obtained numerical results are the first ones that give complete insight into the three-dimensional and transient horizontal steam generator thermal-hydraulics. Also, the presented results serve as benchmark tests for the assessment and further improvement of one-dimensional models of horizontal steam generator built with safety codes. (authors)

Stevanovic, Vladimir D. [University of Belgrade, Kraljice Marije 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro (Yugoslavia); Stosic, Zoran V.; Kiera, Michael; Stoll, Uwe [Framatome ANP GmbH, P.O. Box 3220, 91050 Erlangen (Germany)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

ANSI X3H2-96-264r1 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MCI-144  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANSI X3H2-96-264r1 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MCI-144 I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Queries in the US and UK Proposals Source: ANSI Expert's Contribution Authors: Richard T. Snodgrass JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MCI-99, ANSI X3H2-96-013r1. 3 Snodgrass, R. T., M. H. Bohlen, C. S. Jensen and A

Snodgrass, Richard T.

94

Radioactive Spent Ion-Exchange Resins Conditioning by the Hot Supercompaction Process at Tihange NPP - Early Experience - 12200  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spent ion-exchange resins are considered to be problematic waste that, in many cases, requires special approaches and precautions during their conditioning to meet the acceptance criteria for disposal. In Belgium, for economical reasons, the Volume Reduction Factor is a key criterion. After Tractebel Engineering performed a technical and economical comparison of the industrially available systems, Tihange NPP decided to install a spent ion-exchange resins hot supercompaction unit with Tractebel Engineering in the role of architect-engineer. The treatment and conditioning unit processes the spent ion-exchange resins through the following steps: dewatering of the resins, drying the resins under deep vacuum, discharging the dried resins into compactable drums, super-compacting the drums to generate pellets, grouting the pellets into standard 400 litres waste drums (overpacks) licensed for final disposal in the near-surface repository in Belgium. Several developments were required to adapt the reference process and equipment to PWR spent ion-exchange bead resins and Belgian radioactive waste acceptance criteria. In order to avoid cracks on the compacted drum, and external surface contamination from resin leaks, some improvements were achieved to minimize spring-back as well as the risk of cracking the drum wall. Placing the compactable drum inside a second, slightly larger drum, guarantees clean and reproducible pellets. Currently the commissioning phase is on-going. Numerous process validation tests have been completed. An acceptance file was transmitted to the Belgian Waste Management Authority recently. This will be followed by demonstration tests necessary to obtain their final acceptance of the installation. More than 3 800 drums of mixed powdered and bead resins have been processed by the reference Hot Compaction process, achieving a Volume Reduction Factor (VRF) of 2.5. The equipment has been proven to be a reliable technology with low operation and maintenance costs. Tractebel Engineering has managed the construction of a new application of this process in Belgium at Tihange NPP. Several developments were required to adapt the reference process and equipment to PWR spent ion-exchange bead resins and Belgian radioactive waste acceptance criteria. The chosen method of conditioning (draining, drying and compaction of the spent resins followed by grouting of the pellets in a 400 litres drum) immobilizes the spent resins under the form of a solid, compact, stable, and non dispersible block free of interstitial water. The various series of inactive tests which were conducted at Tihange NPP, helped among others to determine the best design of the compactable drum and lid and to set the value of critical parameters such as vapour temperature at the end of drying, speed, force and duration of compaction. In an environment of very limited space for interim storage and in the absence of an operational final repository site, or in the case of high final disposal costs, the process exhibits the following key advantages: - Achieving a Volume Reduction Factor (VRF) close to 1 (overpack included) for the interim storage instead of increased volumes observed with other currently available processes; - Achieving a water free end product; - Creating a flexible waste product for interim storage (pellet), which can be retrieved and routed into alternative types of package later, if not initially grouted; - Using well proven standard technologies like drying and compaction; - Flexible use of the system components for the supercompaction of other operational solid waste streams when not conducting resins conditioning campaigns. (authors)

Braet, Johan; Charpentier, David; Centner, Baudouin; Vanderperre, Serge [Nuclear Department, Tractebel Engineering (GDF-SUEZ), Avenue Ariane 7, B-1200 Brussels (Belgium)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Analysis of Alternatives for Dismantling of the Equipment in Building 117/1 at Ignalina NPP - 13278  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ignalina NPP was operating two RBMK-1500 reactors which are under decommissioning now. In this paper dismantling alternatives of the equipment in Building 117/1 are analyzed. After situation analysis and collection of the primary information related to components' physical and radiological characteristics, location and other data, two different alternatives for dismantling of the equipment are formulated - the first (A1), when major components (vessels and pipes of Emergency Core Cooling System - ECCS) are segmented/halved in situ using flame cutting (oxy-acetylene) and the second one (A2), when these components are segmented/halved at the workshop using CAMC (Contact Arc Metal Cutting) technique. To select the preferable alternative MCDA method - AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) is applied. Hierarchical list of decision criteria, necessary for assessment of alternatives performance, are formulated. Quantitative decision criteria values for these alternatives are calculated using software DECRAD, which was developed by Lithuanian Energy Institute Nuclear engineering laboratory. While qualitative decision criteria are evaluated using expert judgment. Analysis results show that alternative A1 is better than alternative A2. (authors)

Poskas, Povilas; Simonis, Audrius [Lithuanian Energy Institute, Kaunas (Lithuania)] [Lithuanian Energy Institute, Kaunas (Lithuania); Poskas, Gintautas [Lithuanian Energy Institute, Kaunas (Lithuania) [Lithuanian Energy Institute, Kaunas (Lithuania); Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas (Lithuania)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Reduction of Fe(III), Cr(VI), U(VI), and Tc(VII) by Deinococcus radiodurans R1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deinococcus radiodurans is an exceptionally radiation-resistant microorganism capable of surviving acute exposures to ionizing radiation doses of 15,000 Gy and previously described as having a strictly aerobic respiratory metabolism. Under strict anaerobic conditions, D. radiodurans R1 reduced Fe(III)-nitrilotriacetic acid coupled to the oxidation of lactate to CO{sub 2} and acetate but was unable to link this process to growth. D. radiodurans reduced the humic acid analog anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS) to its dihydroquinone form, AH{sub 2}DS, which subsequently transferred electrons to the Fe(III) oxides hydrous ferric oxide and goethite via a previously described electron shuttle mechanism. D. radiodurans reduced the solid-phase Fe(III) oxides in the presence of either 0.1 mM AQDS or leonardite humic acids (2 mg ml{sup {minus}1}) but not in their absence. D. radiodurans also reduced U(VI) and Tc(VII) in the presence of AQDS. In contrast, Cr(VI) was directly reduced in anaerobic cultures with lactate although the rate of reduction was higher in the presence of AQDS. The results are the first evidence that D. radiodurans can reduce Fe(III) coupled to the oxidation of lactate or other organic compounds. Also, D. radiodurans, in combination with humic acids or synthetic electron shuttle agents, can reduce U and Tc and thus has potential applications for remediation of metal- and radionuclide-contaminated sites where ionizing radiation or other DNA-damaging agents may restrict the activity of more sensitive organisms.

Fredrickson, J.K.; Kostandarithes, H.M.; Li, S.W.; Plymake, A.E.; Daly, M.J.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

7. I. Aramori and S. Nakanishi, ibid. 8, 757 (1992). 8. CHO cells expressing mGluR1 or MEF cells trans-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-intensified targeted vid- eo camera with Ca2 -sensitive fluorescent dye fura 2-AM, as described (7). Inhibitors were7. I. Aramori and S. Nakanishi, ibid. 8, 757 (1992). 8. CHO cells expressing mGluR1 or MEF cells 10 min be- fore the application of agonists. CHO cells were lysed in tris-NP40-EDTA ( TNE) buffer [H

Cushing, Jim. M.

98

R1 Climate Lessons from radiocarbon data (CLER) [depending on funding available; 1 PhD only in relation to WP1 and WP3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

output (Frlicher et al. 2008). B) Solar and Earth system variability: Solar forcing over the past54 R1 Climate Lessons from radiocarbon data (CLER) [depending on funding available; 1 PhD only research questions of the project How did cosmogenic radiocarbon (14C) production and solar activity vary

Richner, Heinz

99

Assessment of Hard-to-Detect Radionuclide Levels in Decommissioning Waste From the Bohunice NPP-A1, Slovakia, for Clearance and Disposal Purposes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For assessments of hard-to-detect radionuclides (HD-RN) contents in various type of radwastes at the NPP-A1, available empirical data referenced to 137Cs (actinides, 90Sr, 99Tc, 63Ni, 14C) and the theoretical assessment for the remaining HD-RN using calculated RN inventory and a simple model with effective relative (137Cs) spent fuel release fractions was applied. The analytical data of extended radiochemical analysis for the existing available operational radwaste forms have been reviewed for this purpose. 137Cs, 90Sr and 241Am were set up as release markers for partial spent fuel release groups of HD-RNs within which the total fractions of HD-RN released to the operational radwastes were assumed to be constant. It was shown by the assessment carried out that 137Cs and HD-RNs 129I, 99Tc, and partly 79Se and 14C are the main contributors to the disposal dose limit for the radioactive concentrate at NPP A-1. In the case of the radioactive sludge from the operational radwaste system the role of predominant dose contributors belongs to actinides 239,240Pu and 241Am. In the case of clearance of radioactive material from the NPP-A1 site, only the reference radionuclide, 137Cs was predicted to be the most dominant dose contributor. In all of these cases the estimated contributions of other hard-to-detect radionuclides to respective disposal or release dose limit are lower by 2 and more orders of magnitude. As a lesson learned, the most attention is proposed to focus on the control and measurement of the critical HD-RNs indicated by the assessment. For the control of less important HD-RNs, the developed release coefficient method is sufficient to be applied.

Slavik, O.; Moravek, J.; Stubna, M.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

100

Insights from a benchmark integrated system validation of a modernized NPP control room: Performance measurement and the comparison to the benchmark system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The technical basis for performing Integrated System Validation (ISV) of new or modernized NPP control rooms needs further development. Most of the basis for conducting benchmark testing can be found in the review guideline NUREG/CR-6393. The experiences from a benchmark ISV of a modernized control room led to the identification of several unsolved practical and methodological issues. This paper discusses two such issues, i.e. the construction of usable performance measurement batteries, and how one should identify noteworthy performance differences between the modernized system and the benchmark system. (authors)

Braarud, P. Oe.; Skraaning Jr, G. [OECD Halden Reactor Project, PO Box 173, NO-1751 Halden (Norway)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NONLINEARITY Nonlinearity 14 (2001) R1R24 www.iop.org/Journals/no PII: S0951-7715(01)14651-7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NONLINEARITY Nonlinearity 14 (2001) R1­R24 www Michael Baake1,3 and John A G Roberts2,4 1 Institut f¨ur Theoretische Physik, Universit¨at T¨ubingen, Auf, and there is an enormous literature on them (see [23]). Also, in the physics literature, cat maps are a popular area

Roberts, John A G

102

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 47 (2005) R1R34 doi:10.1088/0741-3335/47/2/R01  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review other fields and (b) attract the bright young talent needed for the future health of the field 47 (2005) R1­R34 doi:10.1088/0741-3335/47/2/R01 TOPICAL REVIEW Advances and challenges.iop.org/PPCF/47/R1 Abstract Scientific simulation, which provides a natural bridge between theory and experiment

103

06 Run R1.xls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNG IHDR€ÍSolar Energy41 (Dollars andUsing Artificial Barriers to AugmentRun

104

doeid11129r1.pdf  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of| Department ofDepartmentLieve LaurensThecrd title p1.ai crd

105

Evaluation of containment peak pressure and structural response for a large-break loss-of-coolant accident in a VVER-440/213 NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A collaborative effort between US and Hungarian specialists was undertaken to investigate the response of a VVER-440/213-type NPP to a maximum design-basis accident, defined as a guillotine rupture with double-ended flow from the largest pipe (500 mm) in the reactor coolant system. Analyses were performed to evaluate the magnitude of the peak containment pressure and temperature for this event; additional analyses were performed to evaluate the ultimate strength capability of the containment. Separate cases were evaluated assuming 100% effectiveness of the bubbler-condenser pressure suppression system as well as zero effectiveness. The pipe break energy release conditions were evaluated from three sources: (1) FSAR release rate based on Soviet safety calculations, (2) RETRAN-03 analysis and (3) ATHLET analysis. The findings indicated that for 100% bubbler-condenser effectiveness the peak containment pressures were less than the containment design pressure of 0.25 MPa. For the BDBA case of zero effectiveness of the bubbler-condenser system, the peak pressures were less than the calculated containment failure pressure of 0.40 MPa absolute.

Spencer, B.W.; Sienicki, J.J.; Kulak, R.F.; Pfeiffer, P.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Voeroess, L.; Techy, Z. [VEIKI Inst. for Electric Power Research, Budapest (Hungary); Katona, T. [Paks Nuclear Power Plant (Hungary)

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Radioecologycal study of {sup 239/240}Pu in Bangka Island and Muria Peninsula: Determination of {sup 239/240}Pu in marine sediment and seawater as part of baseline data collecting for sitting of candidates of first Indonesia NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radioisotope Pu-239/240 are alpha emitting nuclides important indicators of radioactive contamination of the marine environment. Global fallout is the main source of plutonium in the marine environment. There are very limited study on {sup 239/240}Pu in Indonesia coastal environments. The data of this radioisotopes is needed for baseline data of nuclear power plant (NPP) site candidates both in Bangka Island and Muria Peninsula. Bottom sediments play an important role in radioecological studies of the marine environment because a large proportion of radioactive substances entering the sea is adsorbed over time onto suspended particulate matter and deposited in sediments. Plutonium is particle reactive and deposited in marine sediment. Radioisotope {sup 239/240}Pu was determinated by alpha spectrometry after radiochemical procedure that was performed in both water and marine sediment from Bangka Island and Muria Peninsula. The sediment baseline of concentration {sup 239/240}Pu in Bangka Island and Muria Peninsula were range from 0.013 to 0.021 Bq.kg{sup ?1} and 0.018 to 0.024 Bq.kg{sup ?1} respectively. The water baseline concentration this isotope were range from 2.73 to 4.05 mBq.m{sup ?3} and 2.98 to 4.50 mBq.m{sup ?3}.

Suseno, Heny, E-mail: henis@batan.go.id [Radioactive Waste Technology Center - The Indonesian National Nuclear Energy Agency (Indonesia); Wisnubroto, Djarot S. [The Indonesian National Nuclear Energy Agency (Indonesia)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

107

R Supplement R.1 First Things First  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

issue the following command 5 astsadata() This will load all of the data files used in the text user manuals. You can find helpful tutorials by following CRAN's link to Contributed Documentation to choose the closest CRAN mirror to you. As with all packages, you have to load astsa before you use

Levine, Michael "Mihail"

108

Microsoft Word - spc-1252r1.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The vessel shall be designed and stamped in accordance with Section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. If computer calculations are to be used, the Applicant...

109

Microsoft Word - pln-1484r1.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for a comprehensive flow of work planning to work activity level requirements. Conduct of operations as defined in DOE Order 5480.19 and PRD-185, Conduct of Operations, is...

110

R Supplement R.1 First Things First  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. soiltemp - A 64 ? 36 matrix of surface soil temperatures. Chapter 2 oil - Crude oil, WTI spot price FOB (in

111

Microsoft Word - PLN-2803 R1.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Class 1 for forgings and A 533 Grade B Class 1 for rolled plate (referred to as "A 508A 533" in this report) A steam generator Possibly a heat exchanger with He as both...

112

Microsoft Word - pln-2489r1.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

providing a demonstration of this HTGR technology to economically and reliably produce electricity and hydrogen by the year 2021. As the nuclear technology development arm of...

113

R_1A | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket37963American |Purpose01/05/14RPAMMore Documents

114

ENG-RCAL-028-r1.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutronEnvironment > Voluntary ReportingAbout UsSponsorsIssue2 0 1

115

COLLOQUE DE PHYSIQUE C o l l o q u e C l , s u p p l 6 m e n t au n O 1 , T o m e 5 1 , j a n v i e r 1 9 9 0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

colleagues have developed a solid-solid diffusion bonding method/3,4/, which is founded on a classical diffu that at the early stage of diffusion-bonding treatment a nucleation of the grain must be took place in order r 1 9 9 0 FORMATION OF THE (Y/a) - INTERPHASE BOUNDARIES IN F e C r N i ALLOYS BY A DIFFUSION

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

116

Processing NPP Bottoms by Ferrocyanide Precipitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of work is a laboratory test of a technological scheme for cleaning bottoms from radionuclides by use of ozonization, ferrocyanide precipitation, filtration and selective sorption. At carrying out the ferrocyanide precipitation after ozonization, the specific activity of bottoms by Cs{sup 137} is reduced in 100-500 times. It has been demonstrated that the efficiency of ferrocyanide precipitation depends on the quality of consequent filtration. Pore sizes of a filter has been determined to be less than 0.2 {micro}m for complete separation of ferrocyanide residue. The comparison of two technological schemes for cleaning bottoms from radionuclides, characterized by presence of the ferrocyanide precipitation stage has been performed. Application of the proposed schemes allows reducing volumes of radioactive waste in many times.

Savkin, A. E.; Slastennikov Y. T.; Sinyakin O. G.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

117

Decommissioning Project of Bohunice A1 NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first (pilot) nuclear power plant A1 in the Slovak Republic, situated on Jaslovske Bohunice site (60 km from Bratislava) with the capacity of 143 MWel, was commissioned in 1972 and was running with interruptions till 1977. A KS 150 reactor (HWGCR) with natural uranium as fuel, D2O as moderator and gaseous CO2 as coolant was installed in the A1 plant. Outlet steam from primary reactor coolant system with the temperature of 410 C was led to 6 modules of steam generators and from there to turbine generators. Refueling was carried out on-line at plant full power. The first serious incident associated with refueling occurred in 1976 when a locking mechanism at a fuel assembly failed. The core was not damaged during that incident and following a reconstruction of the damaged technology channel, the plant continued in operation. However, serious problems were occurring with the integrity of steam generators (CO2 gas on primary side, water and steam on secondary side) when the plant had to be shut down frequently due to failures and subsequent repairs. The second serious accident occurred in 1977 when a fuel assembly was overheated with a subsequent release of D2O into gas cooling circuit due to a human failure in the course of replacement of a fuel assembly. Subsequent rapid increase in humidity of the primary system resulted in damages of fuel elements in the core and the primary system was contaminated by fission products. In-reactor structures had been damaged, too. Activity had penetrated also into certain parts of the secondary system via leaking steam generators. Radiation situation in the course of both events on the plant site and around it had been below the level of limits specified. Based on a technical and economical justification of the demanding character of equipment repairs for the restoration of plant operation, and also due to a decision made not to continue with further construction of gas cooled reactors in Czechoslovakia, a decision was made in 1977 to terminate plant operation. The decision on the A1 plant decommissioning was issued in 1979.

Stubna, M.; Pekar, A.; Moravek, J.; Spirko, M.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

118

NPP's Role in BSA Vision and Plans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ Distinguished Core universities: Columbia, Cornell, Harvard, MIT, Princeton, and Yale Impressive track record impact on DOE's mission Deep, proven and passionate management team, committed to the vision, to BNL; and accelerates DOE's mission in high energy physics, applied energy sciences, environmental/biological sciences

119

Boreal Renewable Energy Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey:formBlueBombay Beach,BonnerBorder Biofuels Jump

120

Boreal Energy Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunways JV Jump to:BhorukaBonfiglioli

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

inl-ext-07-12967r1.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atomics Issue Value Basis Value Basis Plan for Resolution Operating Conditions, including Power Level, Gas Temperatures, and Gas Pressure 500 MWt 950C Out 350C In 9 MPa Reactor...

122

Microsoft Word - CTR-310_r1b.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

design, and licensing efforts, the Phenomena Identification and Ranking Table (PIRT) process was applied to various aspects of the NGNP fuel (NUREGCR-6844 2004) and...

123

Attachment 4 Filter Differential Pressures r1.xls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Time MOD HIGH HEPA 1 HEPA 2 MOD HIGH HEPA 1 HEPA 2 2142014 0:00 0 0.0111 0 0 0 0 0 0 2142014 0:26 0 0.011099 0 0 0 0 0 0 2142014 0:53 0 0.011098 0 0 0 0 0 0 2142014...

124

Problems in ORNL/M-6633/R1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 IAQ Investigations Conducted in School Facilities Toxin Production by Fungi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Production of Volatile Emissions by Fungi

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

125

1 . . ., ` ', --/2004/3 R-1.0 20051  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Radioactive Waste Drums by Gamma Spectrometry: A Monte Carlo Technique for Efficiency Calibration', Heath Phys

126

CEC-1038 R1, (11-2011) RESERVATION REQUEST FORM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Height (For wind only - Tower, Pole, or Roof-mounted) Phone: ( ) Fax: ( ) Estimated annual energy of System Installation Submit complete application by fax at (916) 653-2543 or by mail to: California Energy: City: State: Zip 2. Purchaser Name and Mailing Address 6. Equipment (Turbines, fuel cells, inverters

127

28 Plariiiing June 2005 By Paul Sli i *r 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the smart growth and new urbanist concepts that other California cities have only contem- plated. Housing, which recently helped the city with a major planning update. "It has been chipping away at a smart is an urban place," says the city's former development administrator, Marsha Rood, FAICP. "It isn't suburban

Handy, Susan L.

128

CLAY AND SHALE--1998 R1 CLAY AND SHALE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) continued its work on the Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT for Hazardous Air Pollutants Program, which was established by the 1990 Amendments to the Clean Air Act. Clay are mainly underclays associated with coal. Domestic production data for clays were developed by the U

129

Submitted to Management Science manuscript 1100335.R1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the broker to steer demand to a provider to reach or exceed the threshold. A practical motivation for our that in equilibrium, contracts require positive sales thresholds. The threshold requirement can be best described and consumers and in some industries they are responsible for a large portion of sales. Providers rely

Gallego, Guillermo

130

Microsoft Word - NGNP_CDWP_TI-DDN_R1.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the core, depending upon break location. KL: - Data needed on effects of radiation damage on graphite. - Existing data from experiments varies with geometries and...

131

Doing What's Right_Poster_2x3_r1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesDataTranslocationDiurnal Cycle ofDoDocuments forWHAT'S RIGHT Con

132

2210R1 ES&H Staff Assignments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICS H.CarbonMarch Value of the verb5Np,331.0

133

Microsoft Word - ARRA small business 031510r1.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Suite, 200 Lexington, Kentucky 40513 NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Loretta Averna, U.S. DOE Public Affairs March 15, 2010 (859) 219-4010 Sandy Childers, LATAParallax...

134

inl-ext-07-12967r1.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

technology reference as the base. The shortcomings of achieving this mission with a small-scale NGNP test reactor (approximately 25-50 MWt) are the following. The proposed...

135

Microsoft Word - TWCB meeting minutes Aug12r1 web  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG | DepartmentEnergyMagna:MasterOffice0 1Energy PressLaTSLCC(TWCB)

136

Microsoft Word - V-ESR-G-00003_R1.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 -3 Subject: Trident Management Trident8

137

Microsoft PowerPoint - TWCB Summary Aug12r1  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG | DepartmentEnergyMagna:MasterOffice of Groundwater

138

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-13-006 R1-(INL-13-019 R1-redline).docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 - Outline andPROPOSAL68 SECTION9852 SECTION4506

139

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-13-006 R1-(INL-13-019 R1-redline...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

figure, below. The new route has been surveyed by both the INL CRM Office and Biological Resources personnel. All Environmental Aspects and Work Activities identified in the...

140

NPP operation and maintenance with French-built NPPs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In France, 80% of the electricity production will be nuclear in 1990. More than to-day, PWR units will be operated by Electricite de France on a load-follow basis. Every effort is made to reduce planned and forced outages. Maintenance is shared between EdF and Framatome, the latter being in charge of high technology operations. All these actions are eased by the standardization of units, within each power class, the resulting build-up of experience being available to all PWR operators in the world, more particularly those of Framatome-built units.

Mira, J.J.; Charbonneau, S.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Degradation and failure characteristics of NPP containment protective coating systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A research program to investigate the performance and potential for failure of Service Level 1 coating systems used in nuclear power plant containment is in progress. The research activities are aligned to address phenomena important to cause failure as identified by the industry coatings expert panel. The period of interest for performance covers the time from application of the coating through 40 years of service, followed by a medium-to-large break loss-of-coolant accident scenario, which is a design basis accident (DBA) scenario. The interactive program elements are discussed in this report and the application of these elements to the System 5 coating system (polyamide epoxy primer, carbon steel substrate) is used to evaluate performance.

Sindelar, R.L.

2000-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

142

Degradation and Failure Characteristics of NPP Containment Protective Coating Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear power plants (NPPs) must ensure that the emergency core cooling system (ECCS) or safety-related containment spray system (CSS) remains capable of performing its design safety function throughout the life of the plant. This requires ensuring that long-term core cooling can be maintained following a postulated loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA). Adequate safety operation can be impaired if the protective coatings which have been applied to the concrete and steel structures within the primary containment fail, producing transportable debris which could then accumulate on BWR ECCS suction strainers or PWR ECCS sump debris screens located within the containment. This document will present the data collected during the investigation of coating specimens from plants.

Sindelar, R.L.

2001-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

143

ASSESSMENT OF SEISMIC ANALYSIS METHODOLOGIES FOR DEEPLY EMBEDDED NPP STRUCTURES.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several of the new generation nuclear power plant designs have structural configurations which are proposed to be deeply embedded. Since current seismic analysis methodologies have been applied to shallow embedded structures (e.g., ASCE 4 suggest that simple formulations may be used to model embedment effect when the depth of embedment is less than 30% of its foundation radius), the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission is sponsoring a program at the Brookhaven National Laboratory with the objective of investigating the extent to which procedures acceptable for shallow embedment depths are adequate for larger embedment depths. This paper presents the results of a study comparing the response spectra obtained from two of the more popular analysis methods for structural configurations varying from shallow embedment to complete embedment. A typical safety related structure embedded in a soil profile representative of a typical nuclear power plant site was utilized in the study and the depths of burial (DOB) considered range from 25-100% the height of the structure. Included in the paper are: (1) the description of a simplified analysis and a detailed approach for the SSI analyses of a structure with various DOB, (2) the comparison of the analysis results for the different DOBs between the two methods, and (3) the performance assessment of the analysis methodologies for SSI analyses of deeply embedded structures. The resulting assessment from this study has indicated that simplified methods may be capable of capturing the seismic response for much deeper embedded structures than would be normally allowed by the standard practice.

XU, J.; MILLER, C.; COSTANTINO, C.; HOFMAYER, C. (BNL); GRAVES, H. (US NRC).

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Degradation and Failure Characteristics of NPP Containment Protective Coating Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A research program to investigate the performance and potential for failure of Service Level I coating systems used in nuclear power plant containment is in progress. The research activities are aligned to address phenomena important to cause failure as identified by the industry coatings expert panel.

Sindelar, R.L.

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Packaging, Transportation and Recycling of NPP Condenser Modules - 12262  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Perma-Fix was awarded contract from Energy Northwest for the packaging, transportation and disposition of the condenser modules, water boxes and miscellaneous metal, combustibles and water generated during the 2011 condenser replacement outage at the Columbia Generating Station. The work scope was to package the water boxes and condenser modules as they were removed from the facility and transfer them to the Perma-Fix Northwest facility for processing, recycle of metals and disposition. The condenser components were oversized and overweight (the condenser modules weighed ?102,058 kg [225,000 lb]) which required special equipment for loading and transport. Additional debris waste was packaged in inter-modals and IP-1 boxes for transport. A waste management plan was developed to minimize the generation of virtually any waste requiring landfill disposal. The Perma-Fix Northwest facility was modified to accommodate the ?15 m [50-ft] long condenser modules and equipment was designed and manufactured to complete the disassembly, decontamination and release survey. The condenser modules are currently undergoing processing for free release to a local metal recycler. Over three millions pounds of metal will be recycled and over 95% of the waste generated during this outage will not require land disposal. There were several elements of this project that needed to be addressed during the preparation for this outage and the subsequent packaging, transportation and processing. - Staffing the project to support 24/7 generation of large components and other wastes. - The design and manufacture of the soft-sided shipping containers for the condenser modules that measured ?15 m X 4 m X 3 m [50 ft X 13 ft X 10 ft] and weighed ?102,058 kg [225,000 lbs] - Developing a methodology for loading the modules into the shipping containers. - Obtaining a transport vehicle for the modules. - Designing and modifying the processing facility. - Movement of the modules at the processing facility. If any of these issues were not adequately resolved prior to the start of the outage, costly delays would result and the re-start of the power plant could be impacted. The main focus of this project was to find successful methods for keeping this material out of the landfills and preserving the natural resources. In addition, this operation provided a significant cost savings to the public utility by minimizing landfill disposal. The onsite portion of the project has been completed without impact to the overall outage schedule. By the date of presentation, the majority of the waste from the condenser replacement project will have been processed and recycled. The goals for this project included helping Energy Northwest maintain the outage schedule, package and characterize waste compliantly, perform transportation activities in compliance with 49CFR (Ref-1), and minimize the waste disposal volume. During this condenser replacement project, over three millions pounds of waste was generated, packaged, characterized and transported without injury or incident. It is anticipated that 95% of the waste generated during this project will not require landfill disposal. All of the waste is scheduled to be processed, decontaminated and recycled by June of 2012. (authors)

Polley, G.M. [Perma-Fix Environmental Services, 575 Oak Ridge Turnpike, Oak Ridge, TN 37830 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

anamalous npp auger: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pierre Auger Observatory (PAO), currently under construction in Province of Mendoza, Argentina, and with another site planned in the Northern hemisphere, is a major international...

147

almaraz npp experience: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The most basic theoretical challenge for understanding low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) and transmutation reaction (LETR) in condensed matters is to find mechanisms by which...

148

Boreal forests, aerosols and the impacts on clouds and climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of energy, momentum, water, carbon dioxide and other trace gas and aerosol species (figure 1). Through due to the absorption of the Sun's heat by the dark forest canopy. However, these studies ignored shown in figure 2) have a dark canopy (with low albedo) that obscures the snow-covered ground (with high

Spracklen, Dominick

149

alaskan boreal forests: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pulido (*) Forest Research Group, School of Forestry, University of Extremadura, Avenida Virgen del Puerto 2, Plasencia E-10600, Spain e-mail: nando@unex.es J. J Paris-Sud XI,...

150

alaskan boreal forest: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pulido (*) Forest Research Group, School of Forestry, University of Extremadura, Avenida Virgen del Puerto 2, Plasencia E-10600, Spain e-mail: nando@unex.es J. J Paris-Sud XI,...

151

ORIGINAL PAPER Boreal trees in the Mediterranean: recruitment of downy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

change than other European ecosystems. Predicted climatic scenarios in Mediterranean mountains show populations . Tree relicts 1 Introduction Mediterranean mountain ecosystems are more vulnerable to climate). In addition, recent simulations on the ability of temperate tree species to respond to climate change predict

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

152

Cost-efficient conservation strategies for boreal forest biodiversity.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Long and intensive forest management has made conservation measures in the forest landscape necessary to maintain forest biodiversity. The most common measure is to set (more)

Perhans, Karin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Holocene Carbon Accumulation of Fen Peatlands in Boreal Western  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by tephra deposition. Peat accumulation rates vary by more than an or- der of magnitude and decline from 5500 to 1300 cal BP, resulting in a convex depth­age curve, which contrasts with the carbon is a function of the balance be- tween the primary production of living plants and the decomposition of all

Yu, Zicheng

154

hep-th/0611241 ITPUH-25/06  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.2) with 1 r constructed as formal power series in some variable q) n=- (qn(npp +pr-p s) - q(np+s)(np +r) ) (1.6) with ^p,p r,s being the normalized character

Flohr, Michael

155

Estimation of net primary productivity using a process-based model in Gansu Province, Northwest China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ecological structure in the arid and semi-arid region of Northwest China with forest, grassland, agriculture, Gobi, and desert, is complex, vulnerable, and unstable. It is a challenging and sustaining job to keep the ecological structure and improve its ecological function. Net primary productivity (NPP) modeling can help to improve the understanding of the ecosystem, and therefore, improve ecological efficiency. The boreal ecosystem productivity simulator (BEPS) model provides the possibility of NPP modeling in terrestrial ecosystem, but it has some limitations for application in arid and semi-arid regions. In this paper we improve the BEPS model, in terms of its water cycle by adding the processes of infiltration and surface runoff, to be applicable in arid and semi-arid regions. We model the NPP of forest, grass, and crop in Gansu Province as an experimental area in Northwest China in 2003 using the improved BEPS model, parameterized with moderate resolution remote sensing imageries and meteorological data. The modeled NPP using improved BEPS agrees better with the ground measurements in Qilian Mountain than that with original BEPS, with a higher R2 of 0.746 and lower root mean square error (RMSE) of 46.53 gC/m2 compared to R2 of 0.662 and RMSE of 60.19 gC/m2 from original BEPS. The modeled NPP of three vegetation types using improved BEPS show evident differences compared to that using original BEPS, with the highest difference ratio of 9.21% in forest and the lowest value of 4.29% in crop. The difference ratios between different vegetation types lie on the dependence on natural water sources. The modeled NPP in five geographic zones using improved BEPS are higher than those with original BEPS, with higher difference ratio in dry zones and lower value in wet zones.

Wang, Peijuan; Xie, Donghui; Zhou, Yuyu; E, Youhao; Zhu, Qijiang

2014-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

156

Approved Module Information for BD1R1R, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Managing Quality Module Code: BD1R1R  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

codes, ISO 9001, ISO/TS 16949 (Learning Outcome: 03/05) Session 05 ? Quality Models e.g. EFQM, Baldrige

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

157

Microsoft Word - STIP Jan 13 Conf call 2013 Working Meeting r1...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

has been developed through which DOE's STI will be available in the near future. This search tool is referred to as the National Library of Energy (currently in Beta) and is...

158

Microsoft Word - PAD-WD-0011 R1 Waste Acceptance Criteria for...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and must be reported on the RFD: Type of equipment Manufacturer's name Identification or serial number Kilo Var rating, volume of liquid (electrical...

159

S e p t e m b e r 1 9 9 7 Biological and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Mankind 9 Enter the Animals 11 Constant Vigilance 13 Radiation Effects: A Closer Look 14 A Logical Climate 32 The Dynamic Ocean 35 The Outdoor Laboratory 36 Reclaiming the Past 41 A N E N D U R I N G M A N

160

ELECTROCHEMICAL CORROSION STUDIES CORE 308 SEGMENTS 14R1 & 14R2 TANK 241-AY-102  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document reports the results of electrochemical corrosion tests on AS1S Grade 60 carbon steel coupons exposed to tank 241-AY-102 sludge under conditions similar to those near the bottom of the tank. The tests were performed to evaluate the corrosive behavior of the waste in contact with sludge that does not meet the chemistry control limits of Administrative Control (AC) 5.15, Corrosion Mitigation Program.

DUNCAN JB; COOKE GA

2003-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

SAVE SERVICE IN AMERICA H.R. 1 Cuts Jobs and Eliminates Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the Volunteer Generation Fund and the Social Innovation Fund. These initiatives tap the energy and talent

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

162

Comparison of Numerical and Analytical Solutions of Heat Equation in R1n  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Example Analytical Calculation of Heat Equation in 1-D 4 4 2-D Matrix Methods for Numerical Approximations Bibliography 11 8 Appendices 11 8.1 Graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 8.2 Matlab Code

Marzuola, Jeremy

163

c h a p t e r 1 1 COMMUNICATING CLIMATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

....................................................................................................... COMMUNICATING CLIMATE CHANGE: CLOSING THE SCIENCE-ACTION GAP approaches to climate change communication. While we are also concerned about the seeming lack of public under- standing the way climate change has been communicated to date and how this communi- cation has

Neff, Jason

164

Microsoft PowerPoint - SRSCRO_Forum_01_27_2011R1.ppt [Compatibility...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and radiological emergencies within the U.S. and abroad A container with naturally occurring radioactivity processed through a radiation portal monitor as part of NNSA's Second...

165

R1S-M-2322 TABLE OF EXPOSURE RATE CONSTANTS AND DOSE EQUIVALENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in units of MeV/photon , (pen/p)air in cm2 /g gives r in R»m2 /Ci«h if the following conversion factors a point source . 4 5. DOSE BUILD-UP FACTORS 7 6. MASS ENERGY ABSORPTION COEFFICIENTS AND LINEAR

166

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-13-004 R1.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

process equipment from the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) Chemical Process Plant (CPP)-1634 to EFF. Activities at CPP-1634 were approved in...

167

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-13-009 R1.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

efficiency. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007) places its global warming potential (GWP) at 22,800 relative to CO 2 over a 100-year time horizon....

168

Microsoft Word - inl-ext-07-12999r1.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

site criteria - Numerical dose guidelines for determining the exclusion area boundary, low population zone, and population center distances 12. 10 CFR 835 - Occupational...

169

Viability of Existing INL Facilities for Dry Storage Cask Handling R1 |  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf The 2012Nuclear GuideReport |(GATE)DepartmentFleetsJanuary

170

DOE Acquisition Guide Chapter 16.2R1 (June 2014)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLEReport 2009SiteMajor Maintenance atT A * S H I E L DMedia

171

Microsoft Word - DP_cover_and_front matter_R1_Draft_3.DOC | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartment ofJared TemansonEnergy FINAL1.DOC More Documents

172

Microsoft Word - PLN-3607 R1 2050 SIM V&V.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

electrolysis - Coal to liquids - Oil extraction from tar sands - Oil extraction from oil shale - Ammonia production. - Co-generation Calculate economic and environmental...

173

Microsoft Word - 10-19037,R1_HTGRMarkets&Econ_Master_rbk_final...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ammonia production), enhanced oil recovery and upgrading (e.g., from oil sands and oil shale), synthetic transportation fuel and feedstock production from coal and biomass,...

174

Characterization of the thermal dependence of bioengineered glufosinate resistance in cotton. Dawson, K.R.1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterization of the thermal dependence of bioengineered glufosinate resistance in cotton isolated from glufosinate resistant cotton. The thermal dependencies of the Km of PAT for glufosinate the thermal dependence of the bioengineered glufosinate resistance in cotton will be determined. #12;

Mukhtar, Saqib

175

Microsoft Word - 2014-1-1 RCA Qtr 1 Metrics Attachment_R1  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |EnergyonSupport0.pdf5 OPAM SEMIANNUAL REPORTMAMay 20Field6.0855_Raines Draftfor35 Annual4

176

Microsoft Word - 2014-5-27 RCA Qtr 2 Metrics Attachment_R1  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |EnergyonSupport0.pdf5 OPAM SEMIANNUAL REPORTMAMay 20Field6.0855_Raines Draftfor35

177

Microsoft Word - DP_cover_and_front matter_R1_Draft_3.DOC  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |EnergyonSupport0.pdf5 OPAM SEMIANNUAL REPORTMAMayCross Reference Matrix IntroductionWest

178

Microsoft Word - CBU-PIT-2004-00010_R1.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 - Outline andPROPOSAL FACTBudget6

179

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-13-004 R1.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 - Outline andPROPOSAL68 SECTION9852 SECTION

180

Microsoft Word - EMSL Proposal Planning_FY2015.r1.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 - Outline andPROPOSAL68R18Requiringof4U.S. FormAn

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Microsoft Word - SRR-CWDA-2011-00054_R1.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 -3 Subject: TankINL1 3. EFFECTIVE

182

Microsoft Word - SRR-CWDA-2012-00026_R1_Text.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 -3 Subject: TankINL1 3. EFFECTIVE8 Revision

183

Microsoft Word - SRR-CWDA-2012-00045_R1.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 -3 Subject: TankINL1 3. EFFECTIVE8 Revision45

184

Microsoft Word - INL MIS-12-25696 Fuels_LWRS_Program_Plan R1...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

QA Quality Assurance QAPD Quality Assurance Program Document R&D Research and Development RIA Reactivity Initiated Accident SAD Selected area diffraction SCC Stress Corrosion...

185

C h a p t e r 1 0 Island in the Storm: Disturbance Ecology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

depression forms from increasing low pressure that absorbs air and thermal energy from the ocean. The air Ocean. The same kind of storm in #12;282 M. R. Gannon and M. R. Willig the Pacific Ocean is a typhoon

Willig, Michael

186

The primary circuit materials properties results analysis performed on archive material used in NPP V-1 and Kola NPP Units 1 and 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A very brief summary is provided of a primary circuit piping material properties analysis. The analysis was performed for the Bohunice V-1 reactor and the Kola-1 and -2 reactors. Assessment was performed on Bohunice V-1 archive materials and primary piping material cut from the Kola units after 100,000 hours of operation. Main research program tasks included analysis of mechanical properties, corrosion stability, and microstructural properties. Analysis results are not provided.

Kupca, L.; Beno, P. [Nuclear Power Plants Research Institute Inc., Trnava (Slovakia)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Digital controls for plant control systems at the Ulchin 5 and 6 NPP: Lessons for the U.S. NPP retrofits?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

South Korea, through its nuclear operating arm, Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power, Ltd. (KHNP), has been one of the leading countries in the routine construction and operation of nuclear power plants. While standardizing on certain design approaches in the plant, KHNP continues to stress the need for the most reliable and cutting edge I and C technologies available for safety and non safety related NSSS and BOP functions. Its specifications are among the most challenging in the world with regard to the system performance and reliability requirements that must be met for the systems to be supplied. The Ulchin Units 5 and 6 (1000 MW each) nuclear power plants have been recently commissioned (2004 and 2005 respectively) with advanced programmable digital control systems in the NSSS and BOP (which includes both safety and non-safety applications). The systems supplied met what the authors believe are the most rigorous performance and functional specification criteria in use today. The authors will highlight a number of the specification requirements, the rationale for same and the plant experiences in the resultant supplied systems. As the existing U.S. nuclear fleet is faced with the prospect of upgrading legacy controls with digital controls, there are valuable lessons to be learned in the Ulchin 5 and 6 experiences that can be applied to retrofits and even new U.S. plant designs. Ulchin 5 and 6 is one of the success stories in the application of advanced digital technology to nuclear power plants. The specification focus that guided the selection and project execution for the digital controls supplied for Ulchin was on several key areas: a) a high reliable fault tolerant system, b)functional segmentation to minimize the failure effects on operation, c) validation and verification of the owner's engineer's application design (for regulatory compliance) as well as validation and verification of the system architecture and operation (to assure system performance met intended use); d)system performance criteria (system response time is critical to plant performance); e)global long term system support (HMI, control system components; communications); f)diversity (safety and non-safety; high integrity communication) The paper will review the key specification criteria, not only in context of a successful implementation for the Ulchin plant, but will also discuss applicability to the challenges of using digital controls in retrofit applications in U.S. nuclear power plants and in particular with regard to system performance and regulatory issues. (authors)

McCreary, T.; Stevens, J. [HF Controls Corp., 16650 Westgrove, Addison, TX 75001 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

The concepts of leak before break and absolute reliability of NPP equipment and piping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the absolute reliability (AR) concept for ensuring safe operation of nuclear plant equipment and piping. The AR of a pipeline or component is defined as the level of reliability when the probability of an instantaneous double-ended break is near zero. AR analysis has been applied to Russian RBMK and VVER type reactors. It is proposed that analyses required for application of the leak before break concept should be included in AR implementation. The basic principles, methods, and approaches that provide the basis for implementing the AR concept are described.

Getman, A.F.; Komarov, O.V.; Sokov, L.M. [and others

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

REVIEW OF PRACTICE FOR DEEPLY EMBEDDED/BURIED NPP STRUCTURES SUBJECT TO SEISMIC LOADINGS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Motivated by many design considerations, several conceptual designs for advanced reactors have proposed that the entire reactor building and a significant portion of the steam generator building will be either partially or completely embedded below grade. For the analysis of seismic events, the soil-structure interaction (SSI) effect and passive earth pressure for these types of deeply embedded structures will have a significant influence on the predicted seismic response. Sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is carrying out a research program to assess the significance of these proposed design features for advanced reactors, and to evaluate the existing analytical methods to determine their applicability and adequacy in capturing the seismic behavior of the proposed designs. This paper summarizes a literature review performed by BNL to determine the state of knowledge and practice for seismic analyses of deeply embedded and/or buried (DEB) nuclear containment type structures. Included in the paper is BNL's review of the open literature of existing standards, tests, and practices that have been used in the design and analysis of DEB structures. The paper also provides BNL's evaluation of available codes and guidelines with respect to seismic design practice of DEB structures. Based on BNL's review, a discussion is provided to highlight the applicability of the existing technologies for seismic analyses of DEB structures and to identify gaps that may exist in knowledge and potential issues that may require better understanding and further research.

XU,J.HOFMAYER,C.MILLER,C.GRAVES,H.

2004-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

190

PROPOSAL OF A FINANCING SCHEME FOR A THIRD NPP IN BRAZIL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation discusses a proposal of a financing scheme for a third nuclear power plant in Brazil.

Filho, Z.D.T.

2004-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

191

Measurements of the subcriticality using advanced technique of shooting source during operation of NPP reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

According to the rules of nuclear safety, the measurements of the subcriticality of reactors should be carried out in the process of performing nuclear hazardous operations. An advanced technique of shooting source of neutrons is proposed to meet this requirement. As such a source, a pulsed neutron source (PNS) is used. In order to realize this technique, it is recommended to enable a PNS with a frequency of 120 Hz. The PNS is stopped after achieving a steady-state (on average) number of neutrons in the reactor volume. The change in the number of neutrons in the reactor volume is measured in time with an interval of discreteness of ?0.1 s. The results of these measurements with the application of a system of point-kinetics equations are used in order to calculate the sought subcriticality. The basic idea of the proposed technique used to measure the subcriticality is elaborated in a series of experiments on the Kvant assembly. The conditions which should be implemented in order to obtain a positive result of measurements are formulated. A block diagram of the basic version of the experimental setup is presented, whose main element is a pulsed neutron generator.

Lebedev, G. V., E-mail: lgv2004@mail.ru; Petrov, V. V. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation); Bobylyov, V. T.; Butov, R. I.; Zhukov, A. M.; Sladkov, A. A. [Dukhov VNIIA (Russian Federation)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Studies, Transport and Treatment Concept for Boilers from Berkeley NPP, England - 13599  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In November 2011 Studsvik was awarded a contract to transport five decommissioned boilers from the Berkeley Nuclear Licensed Site in the UK to the Studsvik Nuclear Site in Sweden for metal treatment and recycling. A key objective of the project was to remove the boilers from the site by 31 March 2012 and this was successfully achieved with all boilers off site by 22 March and delivered to Studsvik on 6 April. Four boilers have been processed and the fifth is planned for completion by end of December 2012.The project had many challenges including a very tight timescale and has been successfully delivered to cost and ahead of the baseline programme. This paper describes the project and the experience gained from treatment of the first four boilers. It is the first UK project to send large components overseas for recycling and provides new insight into the processing of Magnox gas-circuit components. (authors)

Wirendal, Bo [Studsvik Nuclear AB (Sweden)] [Studsvik Nuclear AB (Sweden); Saul, David; Robinson, Joe; Davidson, Gavin [Studsvik UK Ltd (United Kingdom)] [Studsvik UK Ltd (United Kingdom)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Trust in automation and meta-cognitive accuracy in NPP operating crews  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear power plant operators can over-trust or under-trust automation. Operator trust in automation is said to be mis-calibrated when the level of trust is not corresponding to the actual level of automation reliability. A possible consequence of mis-calibrated trust is degraded meta-cognitive accuracy. Meta-cognitive accuracy is the ability to correctly monitor the effectiveness of ones own performance while engaged in complex tasks. When operators misjudge their own performance, human control actions will be poorly regulated and safety and/or efficiency may suffer. An analysis of simulator data showed that meta-cognitive accuracy and trust in automation were highly correlated for knowledge-based scenarios, but uncorrelated for rule-based scenarios. In the knowledge-based scenarios, the operators overestimated their performance effectiveness under high levels of trust, they underestimated performance under low levels of trust, but showed realistic self-assessment under intermediate levels of trust in automation. The result was interpreted to suggest that trust in automation impact the meta-cognitive accuracy of the operators. (authors)

Skraaning Jr, G.; Miberg Skjerve, A. B. [OECD Halden Reactor Project, PO Box 173, 1751 Halden (Norway)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

MCNPX Monte Carlo burnup simulations of the isotope correlation experiments in the NPP obrigheim.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the simulation work of the Isotope Correlation Experiment (ICE) using the MCNPX Monte Carlo computer code package. The Monte Carlo simulation results are compared with the ICE-Experimental measurements for burnup up to 30 GWD/t. The comparison shows the good capabilities of the MCNPX computer code package for predicting the depletion of the uranium fuel and the buildup of the plutonium isotopes in a PWR thermal reactor. The Monte Carlo simulation results show also good agreements with the experimental data for calculating several long-lived and stable fission products. However, for the americium and curium actinides, it is difficult to judge the predication capabilities for these actinides due to the large uncertainties in the ICE-Experimental data. In the MCNPX numerical simulations, a pin cell model is utilized to simulate the fuel lattice of the nuclear power reactor. Temperature dependent libraries based on JEFF3.1 nuclear data files are utilized for the calculations. In addition, temperature dependent libraries based ENDF/B-VII nuclear data files are utilized and the obtained results are very close to the JEFF3.1 results, except for {approx}10% differences in the prediction of the minor actinide isotopes buildup.

Cao, Y.; Gohar, Y.; Broeders, C. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (Inst. for Neutron Physics and Reactor Technology)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Processing liquid radioactive waste by centrifuge and indrum dehydration facility at NPP Philippsburg  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Until 1989 the evaporator and filter concentrates have been treated by concreting. The centrifuge facility is used for the liquid waste from laundry, showers and also for processing filter concentrates and evaporator feedwater. The hot high pressure compacting of filter concentrates gives a volume reduction by a factor of 6. The evaporator concentrate is drained in a 200 l drum and this drum is heated by an external heating device. The indrum-dehydration facility reduces the treated volume by a factor of 12 compared with the former cementation.

Grundke, E.; Blaser, W. [NPP Philippsburg (Germany)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Cost estimation of HVDC transmission system of Bangkas NPP candidates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Regarding nuclear power plant development in Bangka Island, it can be estimated that produced power will be oversupply for the Bangka Island and needs to transmit to Sumatra or Java Island. The distance between the regions or islands causing considerable loss of power in transmission by alternating current, and a wide range of technical and economical issues. The objective of this paper addresses to economics analysis of direct current transmission system to overcome those technical problem. Direct current transmission has a stable characteristic, so that the power delivery from Bangka to Sumatra or Java in a large scale efficiently and reliably can be done. HVDC system costs depend on the power capacity applied to the system and length of the transmission line in addition to other variables that may be different.

Liun, Edwaren, E-mail: edwaren@batan.go.id; Suparman, E-mail: edwaren@batan.go.id [Centre for Nuclear Energy Development, National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia (Indonesia)

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

197

The Radioactivity Characteristics of the NPP Charcoal Sample Contaminated by Carbon-14 - 13531  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radioactivity of {sup 14}C-contaminated charcoal sample was analyzed by using a high temperature oxidation and liquid scintillation counting method. The radioactivity of the sample was monotonically increased according to the increase of the combustion time at each temperature where the experimental uncertainty was calculated in the 95 % confidence level. It showed that the {sup 14}C radioactivity was not completely extracted from the sample by simply increasing the combustion time unless the combustion temperature was high enough. The higher the combustion temperature was, the higher the recovery during the first 30 minutes was. The first 30 minute recoveries were 100 % at a temperature equal to or greater than 450 deg. C. The ratios of the recovery during the first 30 minutes to the total recovery during whole duration were more than 90 % at each experiment temperature. It was understood that the temperature was a critical factor for the complete removal of the {sup 14}C from the waste sample. (authors)

Kim, Hee Reyoung [Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, UNIST-gil 50, Eonyang-eup, Ulju-gun, Ulsan, 689-798 (Korea, Republic of)] [Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, UNIST-gil 50, Eonyang-eup, Ulju-gun, Ulsan, 689-798 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Exposure conditions of reactor internals of Rovno VVER-440 NPP units 1 and 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results of determination of irradiation conditions for vessel internals of VVER-440 reactor No. 1 and 2 at Rovno Nuclear Power Plant, obtained by specialists at Inst. for Nuclear Research Kyiv (Ukraine)), and Nuclear Research Inst. Rez (Czech Republic)), are presented. To calculate neutron transport, detailed calculation models of these reactors were prepared. Distribution of neutron flux functionals on the surface of reactor VVER-440 baffle and core barrel for different core loads was studied. Agreement between results obtained by specialists at Inst. for Nuclear Research and at Nuclear Research Inst. is shown. (authors)

Grytsenko, O.V.; Pugach, S.M.; Diemokhin, V.L.; Bukanov, V.N. [Inst. for Nuclear Research, Kyiv, 03680 (Ukraine); Marek, M.; Vandlik, S. [Nuclear Research Inst. Rez Plc., Rez, 25068 (Czech Republic)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

ARM - Field Campaign - ARM Radiosondes for NPOESS/NPP Validation - NSA  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience4AJ01)3, 2010September 30,JuneMayIII ARMgovCampaignsARM

200

ARM - Field Campaign - ARM Radiosondes for NPOESS/NPP Validation - SGP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience4AJ01)3, 2010September 30,JuneMayIII ARMgovCampaignsARMgovCampaignsARM

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Emission and transport of cesium-137 from boreal biomass burning in the summer of 2010  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While atmospheric concentrations of cesium-137 have decreased since the nuclear testing era, resuspension of Cs-137 during biomass burning provides an ongoing emission source. The summer of 2010 was an intense biomass burning season in western Russia, with high levels of particulate matter impacting air quality and visibility. A radionuclide monitoring station in western Russia shows enhanced airborne Cs-137 concentrations during the wildfire period. Since Cs-137 binds to aerosols, satellite observations of aerosols and fire occurrences can provide a global-scale context for Cs-137 emissions and transport during biomass burning events.

Strode, S.; Ott, Lesley E.; Pawson, Steven; Bowyer, Ted W.

2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

202

Intercalibration of Boreal and Tethyan timescales: the magneto-biostratigraphy of the Middle Triassic and the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-605 Robson St, Vancouver, BC, V6B 5J3, Canada (MOrchard@nrcan.gc.ca). 6 Dept. of Geology and Mineral Resources Engineering, NTNU, Norwegian University of Sciences and Technology, NO-7491, Trondheim, Norway palaeoclimatic and faunal changes at a global scale, defining stage boundaries, basin evolution and modelling

203

Post-fire changes in net shortwave radiation along a latitudinal gradient in boreal North America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a pre-fire albedo climatology for each lati- tudinal zone byInternational Satellite Cloud Climatology Project-D series 3

Y, Jin; Randerson, J T; Goulden, M L; Goetz, S J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Examination of multi-perturbation methods for ensemble prediction of the MJO during boreal summer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)/Madden­Julian oscillation (MJO), by recognition of its influence on the variability of the climate and the weather (Kessler University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 123 Clim Dyn DOI 10.1007/s00382-013-1819-4 #12;beginning of the forecast

Kang, In-Sik

205

Effect of stand age on whole ecosystem CO 2 exchange in the Canadian boreal forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

helicopter, powered by solar panels, and operated unattendedpowered by eight 90-watt solar panels (Siemens SR-90). Net

Litvak, Marcy; Miller, S.; Wofsy, S. C.; Goulden, M.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The Canadian Boreal Forest, which stretches across most of the country, is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Timber Companies in Landmark Environmental Deal A coalition of the Forest Products Association of Canada (FPAC)-- representing 21 Canadian forest companies--and nine environmental organizations has signed forest management for an area roughly the size of Texas. The plan immediately halts all logging on nearly

207

Interannual variability of surface energy exchange depends on stand age in a boreal forest fire chronosequence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

15 ] Half-hourly data of net radiation and sensible andhour time series data of net radiation, sensible heat flux,data in March of 2002. b K # : incoming shortwave radiation (

Liu, Heping; Randerson, James T

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Satellite Microwave remote sensing of contrasting surface water inundation changes within the ArcticBoreal Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-atmosphere water, energy and carbon (CO2, CH4) fluxes, and potential feedbacks to climate change. Here we report fractional open water (Fw) cover from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for EOS (AMSR-E). The AMSR ) of regions above 49°N (Brown et al., 1998). Although permafrost is widespread at high latitudes due to low

Montana, University of

209

Fire spread probabilities for experimental beds composed of mixedwood boreal forest fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that fire spread was largely determined by the heat sink, heat of combustion, and fuel bed depth. We found

Johnson, Edward A.

210

The effect of post-fire stand age on the boreal forest energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar radiation (S), albedo, sensible heat flux density (H), and latent heat flux density (LE), above the vegetation canopy from towers,

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Chasma Boreale, Mars: Topographic characterization from Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter data and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sediment mantle in the surrounding region. The lowest portions of the North Polar Basin received the rest of residual frost and ice (Api) and of layered materials (Apl) [Thomas et al., 1992], exist as both a continuous cap of polar materials (Api and Apl) and as an arc of outliers [Dial, 1984; Tanaka and Scott, 1987

Head III, James William

212

Carbon release from boreal peatland open water pools: Implication for the contemporary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) is produced by anaerobic peat decomposition through acetate fermentation and/or CO2 reduction and is released

213

The covariation of Northern Hemisphere summertime CO2 with surface temperature in boreal regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Community Earth System Model: evaluation anduncertainties in Earth system models and for diagnosing the

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

High-latitude cooling associated with landscape changes from North American boreal forest fires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Com- munity Earth System Model 1 (CESM1), Tellus A,CESM climate model. Other Earth system models with differentPrediction using Earth System Models (EaSM) grants to

Rogers, B. M; Randerson, J. T; Bonan, G. B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Simulated Local and Remote Biophysical Effects of Afforestation over the Southeast United States in Boreal Summer*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Afforestation has been proposed as a climate change mitigation strategy by sequestrating atmospheric carbon dioxide. With the goal of increasing carbon sequestration, a Congressional project has been plannedSimulated Local and Remote Biophysical Effects of Afforestation over the Southeast United States

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

216

Advanced Modeling and Evaluation of the Response of Base-Isolated Nuclear Facility Structures to Vertical Earthquake Excitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This construction represents the first NPP application ofing the construction of isolated French NPP designs inIn 1980, construction began on the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa NPP in

Keldrauk, Eric Scott

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Title V Semi-Annual Emissions Report for Permit P100R1 July 1, 2011 - December 31, 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reports of actual emissions from permitted sources in Section 2.0 shall be submitted on a 6 month basis. Reports shall not include emissions from insignificant activities. Emission estimates of criteria pollutants NOx, CO, SO2, PM and VOCs shall not include fugitive emissions. Emission estimates of HAPs shall include fugitive emissions. The reports shall include a comparison of actual emissions that occurred during the reporting period with the facility-wide allowable emission limits specified in Section 2.11 of this permit. The report required by Condition 4.1 shall be submitted within 90 days from the end of the reporting period. The semiannual report required by Condition 4.2 shall be submitted within 45 days from the end of the reporting period. The reporting periods are January 1st to June 30th and July 1st to December 31st. This condition is pursuant to 20.2.70.302.E.1 NMAC.

Whetham, Walter [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Statistica Sinica Preprint No: SS-09-226R1 Title Penalized blind kriging in computer experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Authors Ying Hung Corresponding Author Ying Hung E-mail yhung@stat.rutgers.edu Notice: The creation are subjected. #12;1 Penalized Blind Kriging in Computer Experiments Ying Hung Department of Statistics, Rutgers-accepted Paper #12;2 Ying Hung on modeling computer-simulated outputs as a Gaussian process (GP) with a spatial

Shepp, Larry

219

Mapping Sites of Potential Proximity between the Dihydropyridine Receptor and RyR1 in Muscle Using a Cyan Fluorescent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the DHPR sub- units. At several sites examined for both 1S (N-terminal, proximal II­III loop of a two-gated calcium channel consisting of a principal 1S subunit and the auxiliary subunits 2- , 1a, and (1­3). The ryanodine receptor is a calcium release channel composed of four identical subunits (4). One argument

Betz, William J.

220

ELECTROCHEMICAL CORROSION TESTS FOR TANK 241-AY-101 CORE 325 SEGMENTS 16R1 & 16R2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interstitial liquid in the double-shell tank 241-AY-101 settled solids layer is below the hydroxide chemistry control limit required by HNF-SD-WM-TSR-006, Tank Farms Technical Safety Requirements, Administrative Control 5.16, 'Corrosion Mitigation Controls'. Operating tanks outside of the specification may increase the propensity corrosion of the carbon steel wall. This report is concerned with generalized electrochemical corrosion mechanism that may occur at specific loci. All cyclic potentiodynamic polarization scans exhibited a negative hysteresis, scan reversing at lower current density, indicating that there was no pitting propensity. The general electrochemical corrosion rates ranged from 4.4E-02 to 1.5E-03 mpy with the first round of coupons, while the second round yielded corrosion rates of 2.5E-03 to 2.9E-02 mpy.

DUNCAN JB; WYRWAS RB

2007-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MOBILE COMPUTING, TMC-0278-1006.R1 1 Efficient Placement and Dispatch of Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Sensors in a Wireless Sensor Network You-Chiun Wang, Chun-Chi Hu, and Yu-Chee Tseng, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract-- Sensor deployment is a critical issue because it affects the cost and detection capability of a wireless sensor network. In this work, we consider two related deployment problems: sensor placement

Tseng, Yu-Chee

222

Microsoft Word - Final Draft FY-13 LWRS IPP R1 Clean Angie KAM_cjb-cvb.docx  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't32 Master EMAZINFO Department ofBalanced Scorecard

223

EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER N1!PA DEl'l!R1.llNAl'ION R[CIPIENT...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

their proposed actions. The plan will describe the plan 10 dispose of any sanitary or hazardous waste, e.g. construction and demolition debris. old light bulbs. lead ballasts,...

224

Use of Novel Highly Selective Ion Exchange Media for Minimizing the Waste Arising from Different NPP and Other Liquids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highly selective inorganic ion exchangers give new possibilities to implement and operate new innovative treatment systems for radioactive liquids. Because of high selectivity these ion exchangers can be used even in liquids of high salt concentrations. Only selected target nuclides will be separated and inactive salts are left in the liquid, which can be released or recategorized. Thus, it is possible to reduce the volume of radioactive waste dramatically. On the other hand, only a small volume of highly selective material is required in applications, which makes it possible to design totally new types of compact treatment systems. The major benefit of selective ion exchange media comes from the very large volume reduction of radioactive waste in final disposal. It is also possible to save in investment costs, because small ion exchanger volumes can be used and handled in a very small facility. This paper describes different applications of these highly selective ion exchangers, both commercial fullscale applications and laboratory tests, to give the idea of their efficiency for different liquids.

Tusa, Esko; Harjula, Risto; Lehto, Jukka

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

225

The LBB methodology application results performed on the safety related piping of NPP V-1 in Jaslovske Bohunice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A broad overview of the leak before break (LBB) application to the Slovakian V-1 nuclear power plant is presented in the paper. LBB was applied to the primary cooling circuit and surge lines of both WWER 440 type units, and also used to assess the integrity of safety related piping in the feed water and main steam systems. Experiments and calculations performed included analyses of stresses, material mechanical properties, corrosion, fatigue damage, stability of heavy component supports, water hammer, and leak rates. A list of analysis results and recommendations are included in the paper.

Kupca, L.; Beno, P. [Nuclear Power Plants Research Institute, Trnava (Slovakia)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Whole body counter surveys of Miharu-town school children for four consecutive years after the Fukushima NPP accident  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comprehensive whole-body counter surveys of Miharu town school children have been conducted for four consecutive years, in 2011-2014. This represents the only long-term sampling-bias-free study of its type conducted after the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident. For the first time in 2014, a new device called the Babyscan, which has a low $^{134/137}$Cs MDA of $< 50$ Bq/body, was used to screen the children shorter than 130 cm. No child in this group was found to have detectable level of radiocesium. Using the MDAs, upper limits of daily intake of radiocesium were estimated for each child. For those screened with the Babyscan, the upper intake limits were found to be <1 Bq/day for $^{137}$Cs. Analysis of a questionnaire filled out by the children's parents regarding their food and water consumption shows that the majority of Miharu children regularly consume local and/or home-grown rice and vegetables. This however does not increase the body burden.

Hayano, Ryugo S; Miyazaki, Makoto; Satou, Hideo; Sato, Katsumi; Masaki, Shin; Sakuma, Yu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Managing the Night Off-Peak Power Demand in the Central Region UPS with Newly Commissioned NPP Capacities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of hydrogen technologies as a controlled-load consumer based on the newly commissioned base-load nuclear power plants to level out the daily load profile is justified for the Unified Power System (UPS) of the Central Region of Russia, as an example, for the period till 2020.

Aminov, R. Z. [Saratov Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation); Pron, D. M. [Yu. A. Gagarin Saratov State Technical University (Russian Federation)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Whole-body counter survey results 4 months after the Fukushima Daiichi NPP accident in Minamisoma City, Fukushima  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the first WBC unit installed in Fukushima Prefecture after the accident, the radiocesium body burdens of 566 high-risk residents of Minamisoma city were measured in July 2011 at the Minamisoma Municipal General Hospital. The analysis of the data was challenging because this chair-type WBC unit did not have sufficient shielding against background gamma rays, and methods had to be developed to reliably compensate for the body-attenuated background radiation. Fortunately, data for repeated tests of hospital staff members using both the chair-type and well-shielded FASTSCAN WBC units, installed in September 2011, were available, and could be used to check the validity of the analysis. The CEDs of all subjects, estimated under the assumption of acute inhalation in March 2011, were found to be less than 1 mSv.

Hayano, Ryugo S; Nomura, Shuhei; Nemoto, Tsuyoshi; Tsubokura, Masaharu; Hanai, Tatsuo; Kumemoto, Yuki; Kowata, Satoshi; Oikawa, Tomoyoshi; Kanazawa, Yukio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Seasonal exchange of CO 2 and delta18 O-CO 2 varies with postfire succession in boreal forest ecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shows no unidirectional, fossil fuel controlled trend (asthe ocean, stratosphere, fossil fuels, and other terrestrialwhich the secular trend from fossil fuel emissions has been

Welp, L. R; Randerson, J. T; Liu, H. P

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Seasonal exchange of CO 2 and delta18 O-CO 2 varies with postfire succession in boreal forest ecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cuntz, M. , P. Ciais, G. Hoffmann, C. E. Allison, R. J.Cuntz, M. , P. Ciais, G. Hoffmann, C. E. Allison, and W.

Welp, L. R; Randerson, J. T; Liu, H. P

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Changes in surface albedo after fire in boreal forest ecosystems of interior Alaska assessed using MODIS satellite observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to 120 at the poles. The climatology of direct and diffusesection 2.1) by the NSRDB climatology of incoming shortwaveto build a seasonal climatology of prefire albedo. This

Lyons, Evan A; Jin, Yufang; Randerson, James T

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

The influence of burn severity on postfire vegetation recovery and albedo change during early succession in North American boreal forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and a prefire EVI climatology (averaged over all availableseverity. A prefire albedo climatology also was calculatedthan the prefire albedo climatology starting at between 2

Jin, Yufang; Randerson, James T.; Goetz, Scott J.; Beck, Pieter S. A.; Loranty, Michael M.; Goulden, Michael L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Simulating boreal forest carbon dynamics after stand-replacing fire disturbance: insights from a global process-based vegetation model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLIMVAR GPPCAL-CMCD CNT-CMCD ORC-STD FM-BF-NOSNAG AverageEC obs. period CMCD HHCD for only EC obs. period CMCD ORC-STD ORC-FM-NOSNAG Standard ORCHIDEE with fire and without

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

A Method for Locating Barr ed Owl ( Strix varia ) Nests in the Souther n Boreal For est of Saskatchewan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Saskatchewan Shanna D. Frith, Kurt M. Mazur , and Paul C. James 1 Abstract.--Barr ed Owl (Strix varia) nests forest of central Saskatchewan, Canada. During the nesting period, we located pairs of Barr ed Owls eal forest of Saskatchewan, Canada, are the largest reported for this species to date (Mazur 1997

235

Understory plant communities of boreal mixedwood forests in western Canada: Natural patterns and response to variable-retention harvesting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and response to variable-retention harvesting S. Ellen Macdonald *, Treena E. Fenniak Department of Renewable, mixedwood, conifer) in Alberta, Canada, before and for 2 years following variable-retention harvesting conditions. Variable-retention harvesting had little effect on understory cover, richness, or diversity

Macdonald, Ellen

236

Evolution of the Southeast Pacific ITCZ in Boreal Spring as viewed from SSM/I and SSM/T-2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

along 7'S over the eastern Pacific as a near mirror image of its northern counterpart. The evolution of the 1995 Southern ITCZ is subdivided into the developing, mature and dissipating phases, as defined by MCP. In the developing phase, convection occurs...

Serke, David John

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

B4WARMED: Boreal Forest Warming at an Ecotone in Danger Principal Investigator: Peter Reich (Regents Professor)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

composition by experimentallywarming forest plots (with infrared lamps and soil heating cables of warming treatment and Infrared lamps used in experiment (Bruce Kimball ARS,USDA) Our central hypothesis

Amin, S. Massoud

238

Summary We investigated controls over the emission of monoterpenes from two species of boreal forest conifers, black  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rates and affects important eco- system properties (1­3). The relative roles of abiotic supply and food, this relation- ship has never been documented. First, we ran fertiliza- tion experiments to deter- mine whether nitrogen (N) or phosphorus (P) limit the productivity of the plant and insect components of this eco

Litvak, Marcy

239

Geological challenges in radioactive waste isolation: Third worldwide review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8 units) under construction, Qinshan NPP(Phase 2 and 3),the design and construction of the Armenian NPP, the onlys electricity. Construction of the new Belene NPP (with two

Witherspoon editor, P.A.; Bodvarsson editor, G.S.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

CS 221: Computational Complexity Prof. Salil Vadhan Lecture Notes 7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

p k+1 = NPp k . Proof: We first show p k+1 NPp k . Given L p k+1, there exists a polynomial time M: NPp k p k+1. Given L NPp k , decided by some oracle NTM M (using an oracle L p k), our first for all i). Our claim follows. Corollary 5 p k+1 = NPp k = NPksat = NPp k Proof Sketch: We can just flip

Vadhan, Salil

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Final Accepted Version G-00355-2005.R1 Chronic PKC activation in HT-29 Cl.19A colonocytes (1) Prevents cAMP-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Prevents cAMP- mediated ion secretion by inhibiting apical membrane current generation James R. Broughman 1 augmentation of Tc ISC-cAMP at the level of the basolateral membrane demonstrated that transport events in mucosal cell anion permeability and ion transport changes recorded in virally infected mucosal cells (44

Xiang, Kevin Y.

242

GM Project G.6 R -1 October 2000 Administration on Aging. 1997.Demographic Changes. U.S. Department of Health and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.aoa.gov/factsheets/Transportation.html. American Health Care Association. 1997. The Nursing Home Facility Sourcebook: Facts and Trends 1997. p. 7. American Health Care Association. 1998. "The Looming Crisis." http://www.ahca.org/secure/nfres.htm and http.S. Department of Health and H u m a n S e r v i c e s . W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . http

243

X-ray Crystal Structure of the Acylated -Lactam Sensor Domain of BlaR1 from Staphylococcus aureus and the Mechanism of Receptor Activation for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to as methicillin-resistant S. aureus ("MRSA"). The description of recent MRSA isolates with the acquisition MRSA infections, has created a new and disconcerting chapter in the evolution of this pathogen.2-4 As a result, therapeutic options have become limited. Resistance to -lactams in MRSA may be due to production

Schlegel, H. Bernhard

244

J. Fluid Mech. (2014), vol. 759, R1, doi:10.1017/jfm.2014.590 Response of a laboratory aquifer to rainfall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the drainage network (Sanford, Parlange & Steenhuis 1993; Szilagyi & Parlange 1998; Andermann et al. 2012

245

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, 2008, MANUSCRIPT ID TNANO-00043-2008.R1 1 Estimation of Upper Bound of Power Dissipation in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bound for power loss that will occur with input change, even with the circuit staying at respective change. We categorize power loss in clocked QCA circuits into two types that are commonly used in circuit theory: switching power and leakage power. Leakage power loss is independent of input states and occurs

Sarkar, Sudeep

246

96 $+& &%XS&~S*#* % (Fi) 28 W**+#*) .~R*%A**% #+a +4fi4ti % #+El&% 2603 % 3 R % 1 R *$v*&%%%B4+%  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measurement (j) Spectral interferenceand chemicalinterferencefor atomic absorption spectroscopy. 2. (10 absorption spectrometry, the absorption behavior of atoms or ions are also caused by the promotion results, the absorption spectraof atomic and molecular species are quiet different, which one is line

Huang, Haimei

247

to Hollywood 42-45_BostoniaWinter12_03.r1.indd 42 2/6/12 11:52 AM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Order: Criminal Intent episode "Identity Crisis," Gray Vanderhoven is enjoying the high life, living immediately recognized its appeal and based "Identity Crisis" on the story. Wechsler (LAW'88) was drawn less 1999." But, she adds, "it's like riding a bike. Sometimes you fall off..." Wechsler began her law

Spence, Harlan Ernest

248

phys. stat. sol. (b) 212, R1 (1999) Subject classification: 78.30.Fs; S7.14; S8.11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or infrared and Raman-inactive (so-called silent) vibrational modes (for a review see, e.g., Ref. [1 the softening of the E1(LO) mode normally observed at 742 cm±±1 by a heating up of the sample due that heating up of the sample due to imperfectness and intrinsic defects can not be excluded. CdS exhibits

Nabben, Reinhard

249

arXiv:1401.3007v1[astro-ph.EP]13Jan2014 Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. GChen_wasp43_R1 c ESO 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences host star. We aim at securing a broad-band transmission spectrum and detecting its near and satellites: atmospheres ­ planets and satellites: fundamental parameters ­ techniques: photometric 1

Henning, Thomas

250

Psychometric properties of the Adolescent Sleep Hygiene A M Y S T O R F E R -I S S E R 1 , 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wrist actigraphy. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated the empirical and conceptually based factor that the ASHSr has satisfactory psychometric properties for a research instrument and is a useful research tool

251

U*2-5-~~~~ D0E10R1DOE/OR/20722-77 Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP)  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofofOxford SiteToledoSampling at the GrandSr:s I ] t 7Statep aU c t c

252

Neutron scattering study of charge-ordering in R1/3Sr2/3FeO3 (R=La, Pr, Nd, Sm, and Y)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The complicated physical phenomena in complex transition-metal oxides (TMO), such as high Tc superconductivity, colossal magnetoresistivity, metal-insulator transitions, etc., have long been the focus of intense inquiry and debate in condensed matter science, since they are related to strong electronic correlations and cannot be explained within the 'standard model' of solid state physics. These novel functionalities of the correlated electron systems have a wide range of potential for applications in industry, such as information storage, energy transportation, and so on. The charge-ordering (CO) transition is very common in TMO and there is a specific CO transition temperature, TCO. Above TCO, the charge is not ordered, which means that the electrons in a compound are itinerant and the positions of the electrons are not fixed. Below TCO, the charge is ordered, which means that the electrons are localized and the positions of the electrons are settled. Hence, the electrical conductivity of a material is changed at TCO and this transition is classified as metal-insulator transition. Usually the CO with commensurate hole doping in TMO is thought to play an important role in various cases, including the superconducting cuprates, where the spin/charge stripe formation competes with superconducting states, colossal magnetoresistive manganites, where CO competes with ferromagnetic metallic state stabilized by an external magnetic field, layered nickelates, where CO takes the form of the small polaron lattices, and layered manganites, where CO could be bothered by the correlated dynamics of spins and charges. Therefore understanding the causes and implications of CO phenomena is significantly important.

Ma, Jie

2010-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

253

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (MANUSCRIPT TBME-00741-2012R1) 1 Spatial Variability of the 12-Lead Surface ECG as a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the 12-Lead Surface ECG as a Tool for Noninvasive Prediction of Catheter Ablation Outcome in Persistent electrocardiogram (ECG) have been analyzed in previous works to predict AF termination by CA, such as fibrillatory-invasive predictor of CA outcome is adopted by exploring ECG inter-lead spatial variability. An automatic procedure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

254

E-Print Network 3.0 - actinocene complexes ann8-c8h82 Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Power Plant (NPP) control rooms and their Summary: Mapping Complexity Sources in Nuclear Power Plant Domains Understanding the sources of complexity... of complexity in the NPP...

255

KEY-CONCEPTS TO UNDERSTAND ITALIAN FORESTRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boreal coniferous forests (Vaccinio- Piceetea) Alps and Apennines Pine forests (Erico-Pinetea, Junipero

Pettenella, Davide

256

418 Journal of Marine Science and Technology, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 418-423 (2004) MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in operation in Taiwan, the first two (NPP-1 and NPP-2) are located along the northernmost coast and the third one (NPP-3) on the southernmost coast of Taiwan. In addition, the fourth nuclear power plant (NPP-4) sited at the north- east corner of Taiwan, is currently under construction. According to Taiwan

Huh, Chih-An

257

hal-00585316,version1-12Apr2011 Korea nuclear exports: Why did the Koreans win the UAE tender?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, thanks to an active national program of Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) construction, Korea has developed

258

Delaunay et al 1 Differential detergent resistance of the apical and basolateral NPPases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-resistant membranes; GPI, glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol; NPP, nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase; endo H transfected with the apical and basolateral pyrophosphatases/phosphodiesterases NPP3 and NPP1 to examine the relationship between detergent resistance and apical targeting. The apically expressed wild-type NPP3

259

Quantifying atmospheric pollution across north america from boreal forest fires: a combined analysis of atmospheric modelling and ground-based remote sensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the interpretation of the 2010 summer LIDAR observations from Dal- housie University, Nova Scotia. The GEOS-Chem global 3D chemistry transport model was used to identify the chemical and optical ...

Trigwell, Robert

2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

260

Microbial Activity, Growth, and Mortality in Environmental Assemblages: Population and Community Response to Rewetting of a Dry Mediterranean Soil and Anaerobic Methane Cycling in Tropical and Boreal Soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JT (2011). Validation of heavy-water stable isotope probingdeveloped application of heavy water (H 218 O) in SIPSchwartz et al 2007). In heavy water SIP experiments, H 218

Blazewicz, Steven Joseph

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Boreal lakes moderate seasonal and diurnal temperature variation and perturb atmospheric circulation: Analyses in the Community Earth System Model 1 (CESM1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

remote ocean temperatures to respond, whereas a terrestrial cooling,summer cooling at 850 hPa. Significant remote changescooling due to a change in ocean circulation would imply a compensating remote

Subin, Z.M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

-Structure and composition of edges next to regenerating clear-cuts in mixed-wood boreal forest -535 Journal of Vegetation Science 13: 535-546, 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significant primary responses to edge creation including increased tree mortality, snag breakage and amount: Edge influence; Forest structure; Mortality; Populus; Succession; Understory. Nomenclature: Moss (1983 directly from wind and microclimate effects causing canopy tree dam- age and death (Laurance & Yensen 1991

Macdonald, Ellen

263

Microbial Activity, Growth, and Mortality in Environmental Assemblages: Population and Community Response to Rewetting of a Dry Mediterranean Soil and Anaerobic Methane Cycling in Tropical and Boreal Soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Gulf of Mexico gas hydrates: comparative analysis of DNA-Sediment from a marine gas hydrate area coupled AOM tothat were also from gas hydrate areas, but lower rates (

Blazewicz, Steven Joseph

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

T H E S C I E N C E T E A C H E R38 i n d p o w e r = 1 / 2 p A V3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and high school students the abstract energy concepts, design features, and problems involved in harnessing wind energy originates as solar energy because uneven heating of the Earth's surface by the Sun creates p A V 3 Students get a charge from wind energy

Brewer, Carol

265

copyrisht@ree2bythen-""i"",,R3il:'J[$H#"",i*tTy"t"*r1"'J?rt;""mission orthecopyrightowner. Toward Orthogonal Self-Assembly of Redox Active  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Orthogonal Self-Assembly of Redox Active Molecules on Pt and Au: Selective Reaction of Disulfide with Au.; Uphaus,R. A. Microchem.J.1990,42, 44, and referencestherein on viologen monolayer electrochemistry. (5

Prentiss, Mara

266

V O L U M E 8 3 N U M B E R 1 S P R I N G 2 0 0 2 M A G A Z I N E  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-7727. Vanderbilt University is commit- ted to principles of equal opportunity and affirmative action. Copyright a criminal is the appropriate legal consequence, does that mean we should do it? 27 Are Civil Liberties of the first in the country from a private institution to become involved with efforts to help transition

Simaan, Nabil

267

NBI Power System (all Values in K$'s unless noted otherwise) Cost Center: 1180 JOB NO 2470 CD2 R1 from oz 030711 updated 04111 for FDR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 3 900 ft 0.055 $148.50 5 15 2 30 15 2 2 5 $260 HVDC Triax cables** Three (3) Cables 1 1 3 330 ft $0.12 $113.85 5 15 2 30 15 $5 10 10 20 $255 HVDC Triax cables terminations Six (6) terminations 1 1 1

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

268

The transport coefficients in (R1.5Ce0.5)RuSr2Cu2O10-5 (R=Gd,Eu) rutheno-cuprates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page Table 1. The onset of superconductivity and the values for first and second superconducting temperatures, Tc and Tcg superconducting temperatures for Ru-1222(Eu) with different oxygen content..............................................61... Table 2. The onset of superconductivity, the values for first and second superconducting temperatures, Tc and Tcg determined from resistivity data and the superconducting temperatures TcS determined from thermopower data for Ru-1222(Gd) with different...

Anatska, Maryna Petrovna

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

269

Net primary production of terrestrial ecosystems in China and its equilibrium response to changes in climate and atmospheric CO? concentration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM, version 4.0) was used to estimate net primary production (NPP) in China for contemporary climate and NPP responses to elevated CO? and climate changes projected by three atmospheric ...

Xiao, Xiangming.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Pan, Yude.; McGuire, A. David.; Helfrich III, J.V.K.

270

Limitations of the Upward Separation Technique Eric Allender  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the construction of an oracle relative to which there are extremely sparse sets in NP-P, but NEE = EE that Wilson's construction gives rise to an oracle relative to which P = NP, but NP-P contains no tally sets. In [20], Kurtz presented a seemingly stronger oracle construction, relative to which P = NP and NP-P

Allender, Eric

271

Phoenix-UrbanNon-Sacramentorural.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the ecosystem has yet to be fully constructed. Goals 1. To understand the drivers of carbon dynamics in urban. Vegetation (Trees and Shrubs) Storage and NPP Tree and Shrub Total NPP: 172 Gg C / Year Tree and Shrub Total on a per area basis, but there is more storage in trees and less in shrubs · NPP in urban mesic plots

Hall, Sharon J.

272

Constructive Contrasts Between Modeled and Measured Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constructive Contrasts Between Modeled and Measured Climate Responses Over a Regional Scale of simulated net primary production (NPP) to climate variables and the response observed in field measurements of NPP. Residual contrasts com- pared deviations of NPP from the empirical surface to identify groupings

Hargrove, William W.

273

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Quantification of net primary production of Chinese  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Net primary production (NPP) of terrestrial ecosystems provides food, fiber, construction to rising population and biofuel uses. Assessing national forest NPP is of importance to best use forest resources in China. To date, most estimates of NPP are based on process-based ecosystem modeling, forestry

Zhang, Tonglin

274

Geological Problems in Radioactive Waste Isolation: Second Worldwide Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

budget for the construction of the fourth NPP. Currently,construction and operation of Czechoslovak nuclear power plants (NPP).NPP Capacity (MW) Remarks Qinshan Zhejiang 300x2 in operation Qinshan (2nd phase) Zhejiang 600x2 under construction

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Tree damage, allometric relationships, and above-ground net primary production in central Amazon forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mortality; Forest fragmentation; NPP 1. Introduction Net primary production (NPP) is de®ned as the biochemical construction of new organic material over a speci®ed time interval, or gross primary production (GPP) less autotrophic respiration. The NPP of an ecosystem drives all heterotrophic activity (e

Chambers, Jeff

276

Global Patterns of Ecological Productivity and Tropical Forest Biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

those measurements in addition to climate data to construct a suite of empirical models of NPP productivity (NPP) on a global scale and biomass accumulation across thee tropics. Scientists have been model of terrestrial net primary productivity (NPP), and its simplicity and relative accuracy has led

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

277

Boreal forest fire emissions in fresh Canadian smoke plumes: C1-C10volatile organic compounds (VOCs), CO2, CO, NO2, NO, HCN andCH3CN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

propene, acetone, benzene, propane and ?-pinene (Table 1).cyanide Acetonitrile Ethane Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-= Ethane Ethane Ethane Ethane Propane Propane Propane ARCTAS

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

www.newphytologist.org 463 Blackwell Publishing Ltd  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and boreal forest ecosystems: a literature review Riitta Hyvönen1, Göran I. ?gren1, Sune Linder2, Tryggve

279

Climate Change Science Institute | Clean Energy | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

related to the carbon cycle. CCSI conducts major field programs to understand carbon processes in Arctic and boreal ecosystems. One important question being addressed...

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - aboveground primary production Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Aboveground Biomass in a Boreal Bog Meaghan... in an ombrotrophic bog in central Finland by measuring ... Source: Moore, Tim - Department of Geography, McGill University...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

E-Print Network 3.0 - aboveground carbon pools Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Aboveground Biomass in a Boreal Bog Meaghan... in an ombrotrophic bog in central Finland by measuring aboveground biomass and belowground production (by in... production....

282

E-Print Network 3.0 - aboveground net primary Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Aboveground Biomass in a Boreal Bog Meaghan... in an ombrotrophic bog in central Finland by measuring ... Source: Moore, Tim - Department of Geography, McGill University...

283

E-Print Network 3.0 - aboveground biomass production Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Aboveground Biomass in a Boreal Bog Meaghan... in an ombrotrophic bog in central Finland by measuring aboveground biomass and belowground production (by in... production....

284

An improved lake model for climate simulations: Model structure, evaluation, and sensitivity analyses in CESM1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the numerical weather prediction model COSMO, BorealCurrent numerical weather prediction (NWP) models, regionalof lakes in numerical weather prediction and climate models:

Subin, Z.M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Interactions of Water and Energy Mediate Responses of High-Latitude Terrestrial Ecosystems to Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the numerical weather prediction model COSMO. Borealinto the numerical weather prediction model COSMO. BorealCurrent numerical weather prediction (NWP) models, regional

Subin, Zachary Marc

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

E-Print Network 3.0 - anthropogenic fire mosaics Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

landscape mosaic on fire size distribution in mixedwood boreal forest using... , plus 13 forest mosaic scenarios whose compositions reflected lengths of fire cycle. Three fire...

287

E-Print Network 3.0 - australis convolvulaceae cuscuteae Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

L. 4, ann, Kosm Convolvulaceae +Convolvulus... ;Hordeum murinum L. 1, 4, per, Boreal Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trini ex Steud. 3, 4, per, Kos Poa Source: Marinova, Elena -...

288

Global fire emissions and the contribution of deforestation, savanna, forest, agricultural, and peat fires (1997-2009)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating direct carbon emissions from Canadian wildlandfuel consumption and carbon emissions in Canadian borealY. : Fire-related carbon emissions from land use transitions

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Model comparisons for estimating carbon emissions from North American wildland fire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hirsch (2001), Direct carbon emissions from Canadian forestin estimating carbon emissions from boreal forest fires, J.Law (2007), Pyrogenic carbon emission from a large wildfire

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Topology on locally finite metric spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The necessity of a theory of General Topology and, most of all, of Algebraic Topology on locally finite metric spaces comes from many areas of research in both Applied and Pure Mathematics: Molecular Biology, Mathematical Chemistry, Computer Science, Topological Graph Theory and Metric Geometry. In this paper we propose the basic notions of such a theory and some applications: we replace the classical notions of continuous function, homeomorphism and homotopic equivalence with the notions of NPP-function, NPP-local-isomorphism and NPP-homotopy (NPP stands for Nearest Point Preserving); we also introduce the notion of NPP-isomorphism. We construct three invariants under NPP-isomorphisms and, in particular, we define the fundamental group of a locally finite metric space. As first applications, we propose the following: motivated by the longstanding question whether there is a purely metric condition which extends the notion of amenability of a group to any metric space, we propose the property SN (Small Neighb...

Capraro, Valerio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

DOI: 10.1002/chem.200902350 Rigid-Strut-Containing Crown Ethers and [2]Catenanes for Incorporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as templates in the construction of me- chanically interlocked molecules (MIMs), such as catenanes (BPP34C10DA), and dicarboxylic acid 1,5-naphthoparaphenylene[36]crown-10 (NPP36C10DA). These novel10DA was determined by X- ray crystallography. The NPP36C10DA-based [2]catenane (H2NPP36C10DC-CAT·4PF

Yaghi, Omar M.

292

Comparing cropland net primary production estimates from inventory, a satellite-based model, and a process-based model in the Midwest of the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurately quantifying the spatial and temporal variability of net primary production (NPP) for croplands is essential to understand regional cropland carbon dynamics. We compared three NPP estimates for croplands in the Midwestern United States: inventory-based estimates using crop yield data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS); estimates from the satellite-based Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) NPP product; and estimates from the General Ensemble biogeochemical Modeling System (GEMS) process-based model. The three methods estimated mean NPP in the range of 469687 g C m?2 yr?1 and total NPP in the range of 318490 Tg C yr?1 for croplands in the Midwest in 2007 and 2008. The NPP estimates from crop yield data and the GEMS model showed the mean NPP for croplands was over 650 g C m?2 yr?1 while the MODIS NPP product estimated the mean NPP was less than 500 g C m?2 yr?1. MODIS NPP also showed very different spatial variability of the cropland NPP from the other two methods. We found these differences were mainly caused by the difference in the land cover data and the crop specific information used in the methods. Our study demonstrated that the detailed mapping of the temporal and spatial change of crop species is critical for estimating the spatial and temporal variability of cropland NPP. We suggest that high resolution land cover data with speciesspecific crop information should be used in satellite-based and process-based models to improve carbon estimates for croplands.

Li, Zhengpeng; Liu, Shuguang; Tan, Zhengxi; Bliss, N.; Young, Claudia J.; West, Tristram O.; Ogle, Stephen

2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

293

Density derived estimates of standing crop and net primary production in the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1991) Production and standing stocks of the kelp Macrocystisproduction in the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera Danielproduction (NPP) in the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera off

Reed, Daniel; Rassweiler, Andrew; Arkema, Katie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

The Decline and Death of Nuclear Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Explosion Energy Yield at Chernobyl NPP Accident. Pure andGonzlez, A. J. (1996). Chernobyl -- Ten Years After. IAEAAgency (1992). INSAG 7: The Chernobyl Incident: Updating of

Melville, Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Multilevel Optimization Modeling for Risk-Averse Stochastic ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 13, 2014 ... t (?) for all ? ? E by construction, and both (12) and (13) ...... We prove the result by reduction from the number partition problem (NPP), one of.

2014-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

296

Capturing diversity and interspecific variability in allometries: A hierarchical approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas Conaressional District: AR 3 Focus Category: NPP, EDU Descriptors. The Center currently is involved in two constructed wetland studies. One project is administered

Dietze, Michael

297

NNSA Continues to Assist Vietnam in Enhancing its Nuclear/Radiological...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

their initiative in developing an emergency preparedness and response program during the construction of their nuclear power plant (NPP). "The development of a full national...

298

CASL Industry Council Meeting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IndustryCouncil.shtml The new members that joined the Industry Council include NPP owneroperators with analysis capability: Tyrone Stevens of Exelon, and SMR vendors:...

299

Non-linear Seismic Soil Structure Interaction Method for Developing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

system validation * Lotung (14 scale containment model) LSST tests * Fukushima-Daiichi NPP data * Japanese NUPEC tests Slide from, Jeremic, High Performance, High Fidelity...

300

Learning Compatibility Coefficients for Relaxation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)(;1)( npp nn #12;Relaxation approach Follow gradient ascend rule with uses of radial projection (including projection onto positive quadrant). Under construction.... ) ~ ,( )( jk t i r s #12

Dudek, Gregory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

PARTIALLY PENALIZED IMMERSED FINITE ELEMENT METHODS ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

each interface element, it uses IFE functions constructed with piecewise ...... strate this, we plot errors of a classic bilinear IFE solution and a NPP IFE solution in.

2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

302

assay performance demonstration: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the ASME Section XI, Appendix VIII for nuclear power plant (NPP) nondestructive testing (NDT) workers. Qualified examinee is given a unknown authors 2 Coronagraphic phase...

303

DOE/ID-Number  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Organization NEI Nuclear Energy Institute NPIC & HMIT Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies NPP Nuclear Power Plant NRC Nuclear...

304

A I K E N  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

River National Laboratory (SRNL) and Nuclear Protection Products (NPP), a Norwegian manufacturer, on a possible next generation of radioactive material packaging systems for the...

305

E-Print Network 3.0 - age-related nerve decline Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

decline in NPP by making independent ... Source: DeLucia, Evan H. - Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Collection: Environmental Sciences...

306

On the role of internal atmospheric variability in ENSO dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~no is linked to a boreal spring phenomenon referred to as the Pacific Meridional Model (MM). The MM, character- ized by an anomalous north-south SST gradient and anomalous surface circulation in the northeasterly trade regime with maximum variance in boreal...

Zhang, Li

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

307

Emission and Long-Range Transport of Gaseous Mercury from a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emission and Long-Range Transport of Gaseous Mercury from a Large-Scale Canadian Boreal Forest FireQuebec.Thesemeasurementsindicated significant and highly correlated increases in Hg and CO during the plume event. The Hg:CO emissions ratio emissions and biomass burned to determine a mean area-based Hg emission flux density for boreal forest fires

Lee, Xuhui

308

Ecological Applications, 20(6), 2010, pp. 16331647 2010 by the Ecological Society of America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Canada Abstract. The boreal region stores a large proportion of the world's terrestrial carbon (C Quantifying fire severity, carbon, and nitrogen emissions in Alaska's boreal forest LESLIE A. BOBY,1,2 EDWARD) and is subject to high-intensity, stand-replacing wildfires that release C and nitrogen (N) stored in biomass

Wagner, Diane

309

14 Diffusive CO2 Flux at the Air-Water Interface of the Robert-Bourassa Hydroelectric Reservoir in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

14 Diffusive CO2 Flux at the Air-Water Interface of the Robert-Bourassa Hydroelectric Reservoir Hydroelectric reservoirs and lakes in boreal Québec produce greenhouse gases (GHG) mainly in the form of CO2 of the interface. When applied to the Robert- Bourassa hydroelectric reservoir in boreal Québec, this model

Long, Bernard

310

Genetic adaptation of aspen (Populus tremuloides) populations to spring risk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in populations from the central boreal plains of Saskatchewan and Alberta, and populations from Minnesota exhibit therefore caution against long- distance seed transfer of Minnesota provenances to the boreal plains exigences e´leve´es en sommes de tempe´rature ont e´te´ note´es pour les popula- tions des plaines bore

Hamann, Andreas

311

Venice data > year = 1931:1981  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:3,] year r1 1 1931 103 2 1932 78 3 1933 121 > attach(venice) ## > plot(year,r1) > lm(r1 ~ year) Call: lm(formula = r1 ~ year) #12;Coefficients: (Intercept) year -989.382 0.567 > lm(r1 ~ year - mean(year)) ## Error differ (found for 'mean(year)') ### > lm(r1 ~ I(year - mean(year))) Call: lm(formula = r1 ~ I(year - mean

Reid, Nancy

312

Estimating crop net primary production using inventory data and MODIS-derived parameters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

National estimates of spatially-resolved cropland net primary production (NPP) are needed for diagnostic and prognostic modeling of carbon sources, sinks, and net carbon flux. Cropland NPP estimates that correspond with existing cropland cover maps are needed to drive biogeochemical models at the local scale and over national and continental extents. Existing satellite-based NPP products tend to underestimate NPP on croplands. A new Agricultural Inventory-based Light Use Efficiency (AgI-LUE) framework was developed to estimate individual crop biophysical parameters for use in estimating crop-specific NPP. The method is documented here and evaluated for corn and soybean crops in Iowa and Illinois in years 2006 and 2007. The method includes a crop-specific enhanced vegetation index (EVI) from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), shortwave radiation data estimated using Mountain Climate Simulator (MTCLIM) algorithm and crop-specific LUE per county. The combined aforementioned variables were used to generate spatially-resolved, crop-specific NPP that correspond to the Cropland Data Layer (CDL) land cover product. The modeling framework represented well the gradient of NPP across Iowa and Illinois, and also well represented the difference in NPP between years 2006 and 2007. Average corn and soybean NPP from AgI-LUE was 980 g C m-2 yr-1 and 420 g C m-2 yr-1, respectively. This was 2.4 and 1.1 times higher, respectively, for corn and soybean compared to the MOD17A3 NPP product. Estimated gross primary productivity (GPP) derived from AgI-LUE were in close agreement with eddy flux tower estimates. The combination of new inputs and improved datasets enabled the development of spatially explicit and reliable NPP estimates for individual crops over large regional extents.

Bandaru, Varaprasad; West, Tristram O.; Ricciuto, Daniel M.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

313

07/10/2010 14:54Tug of War Pits Genes of Parents in the Fetus -NYTimes.com Page 1 of 4http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/14/health/14gene.html?_r=1&pagewanted=print  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

07/10/2010 14:54Tug of War Pits Genes of Parents in the Fetus - NYTimes.com Page 1 of 4http.nytreprints.com for samples and additional information. Order a reprint of this article now. September 13, 2010 Tug of War;07/10/2010 14:54Tug of War Pits Genes of Parents in the Fetus - NYTimes.com Page 2 of 4http

Gardner, Andy

314

T H E U N I V E R S I T Y O F B R I T I S H C O L U M B I A V O L U M E 5 1 | N U M B E R 1 | J A N U A RY 1 0 , 2 0 0 5 UBC REPORTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U A RY 1 0 , 2 0 0 5 UBC REPORTS 2 UBC in the News 3 Life-Saving Hospital Bed 5 Environmental Mine capsules directly to cancer tumours and diabetic ulcers holds enormous potential, says researcher. BY HIL there is insufficient leptin and the stimulus to eat more and con- serve energy gets activated. Kieffer believes

Farrell, Anthony P.

315

12/2/08 11:41 AMOpen Membership -Rise of College Club Teams Creates a Whole New Level of Success -NYTimes.com Page 1 of 5http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/02/sports/02club.html?_r=1&th=&emc=th&pagewanted=print  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12/2/08 11:41 AMOpen Membership - Rise of College Club Teams Creates a Whole New Level of Success Membership - Rise of College Club Teams Creates a Whole New Level of Success - NYTimes.com Page 2 of 5http=&emc=th&pagewanted=print Open Membership Playing for the Love of the Sport December 2, 2008 OPEN MEMBERSHIP Rise of College Club

Bradley, Elizabeth

316

11/10/09 12:30 PMIraq Swears by Bomb Detector U.S. Sees as Useless -NYTimes.com Page 1 of 4http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/04/world/middleeast/04sensors.html?_r=1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11/10/09 12:30 PMIraq Swears by Bomb Detector U.S. Sees as Useless - NYTimes.com Page 1 of 4http.Y. / REGION BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY SCIENCE HEALTH SPORTS OPINION ARTS STYLE TRAVEL JOBS REAL ESTATE AUTOS AFRICA Detector U.S. Sees as Useless Johan Spanner for The New York Times A device used by Iraqi forces to detect

Llope, William J.

317

10/5/08 10:00 AMSeeing Red and Blue Can Divide a Species --of Fish -NYTimes.com Page 1 of 1http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/07/science/07obfish.html?_r=1&ref=science&pagewanted=print&oref=slogin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10/5/08 10:00 AMSeeing Red and Blue Can Divide a Species -- of Fish - NYTimes.com Page 1 of 1http Red and Blue Can Divide a Species -- of Fish By HENRY FOUNTAIN Geographic isolation is a driving force features. In the other, found in shallower waters, the males are blue. What's more, in some parts

Carleton, Karen L.

318

10/15/2007 08:49 PMPoliteness and Authority at a Hilltop College in Minnesota -New York Times Page 1 of 2http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/15/opinion/15mon4.html?_r=1&oref=slogin&ref=opinion&pagewanted=print  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at Gustavus Adolphus College. The campus covers a hill above the small town of St. Peter, and the wind cuts, where I once taught -- and they said, "They're Norwegian. We're Swedish." Once, a town like St. Peter would have seemed like destination enough. After all, small farm towns with good colleges

Mahowald, Natalie

319

2/21/13 4:15 PMUnited States Patent: 8300220 Page 1 of 38http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOF...m&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,300,220.PN.&OS=PN/8,300,220&RS=PN/8,300,220  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2/21/13 4:15 PMUnited States Patent: 8300220 Page 1 of 38http ) United States Patent 8,300,220 Mahadevan-Jansen , et al. October 30, 2012 Device and method for non and proximal to the third optical port. #12;2/21/13 4:15 PMUnited States Patent: 8300220 Page 2 of 38http

Maxwell, Bruce D.

320

T H E U N I V E R S I T Y O F B R I T I S H C O L U M B I A V O L U M E 5 1 | N U M B E R 1 0 | O C T O B E R 6 , 2 0 0 5 UBC REPORTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is a UBC website and innovative teaching tool created by Griffin and Jo McFetridge, who graduated with a MA 2003, Griffin, McFetridge and Buys were all working as sum- mer staff at the Faculty of Arts IT help desk. They hatched the idea of using 3-D gaming technology to animate long-ago worlds. For example

Farrell, Anthony P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

CMPT 710 -Complexity Theory: Lecture 12 Valentine Kabanets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. If not, then Reject; otherwise, construct a new formula (x1, . . . , xn) "(x1, . . . , xn)[x1 . . . xn. Alternative definition of PH. p 0 = p 0 = P. For all i 0, p i+1 = NPp i and p i+1 = coNPp i . Finally, set PH

Kabanets, Valentine

322

File: NPPFIELD.DOC Word2000 1 of 9 Printed 1/24/2007 5:02:53 PM File: NPPFIELD.PRO ASCII  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protocol for Reading NPP Compiled by Cathie Sandell Edited by John Anderson, Cathie Sandell, Nancy Stotz Information We read the NPP sites in spring (May), when shrubs and spring annuals have reached peak biomass. A regression of biomass against volume is constructed by harvesting plants near but outside the grid

323

EARLY-AGE CONCRETE STRENGTH ESTIMATION TECHNIQUE USING EMBEDDED PIEZOELECTRIC SELF-SENSING IMPEDANCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-746 shparkpc@skku.edu ABSTRACT Recently, demands for the construction of Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) using high strength concrete (HSC) with a low W/C ratio and high compressive strength for construction NPP structures if the curing process is inadequate. To prevent unexpected collapse during and after the construction of HSC

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

324

ISSN 1897-1695 (online), 1733-8387 (print) 2007 GADAM Centre, Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contents (up to 813 pMC), probably indicating releases of the particulate material. Keywords: Ignalina NPP and all other types of biota. In case of the Ignalina NPP, Lithuania, the importance of 14 C is also due inventory in graphite (7.0?1014 Bq in all the irradiated graphite constructions of a reactor) (Maceika et al

325

Volumetric 3D Modeling of the X-ray Emission Region within the Planetary Nebula BD+303639  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel 4.4. Senior NPP Fellow, Code 662, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, GSenior NPP Fellow, Code 662, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD20771reenbelt, MD20771 Fig. 1 Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer (LETG/ACIS). - We used ISIS** to construct a series of APED** plasma

Dewey, Daniel

326

MEASUREMENT OF THE HIGH GAMMA RADIATION DOSE USING THE MEMS BASED DOSIMETER AND RADIOLISYS EFFECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Plants (NPP) and high energy physics facilities as Large Hadron Collider (LHC). All in the world and about 50 under construction, we are all concern about the safety operation of these facilities due to the cumulative absorbed dose. Needless to say that the typical NPP of 3rd generation

Boyer, Edmond

327

PERSPECTIVE Fertile forests produce biomass more efficiently  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Enquist et al. 2007; Van Oijen et al. 2010). The remaining carbon ­ termed net primary production (NPP into autotrophic respiration (Ra) and NPP would reflect the interdependence of respiration and photosynthesis to provide the energy required for construction of complex compounds such as carbon skeletons for protein

Malhi, Yadvinder

328

19 November 2001 Physics Letters A 290 (2001) 227233  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to solve the problem. In general it is not easy to construct algorithms for an ideal QC. The purpose of the (constrained) number partitioning problem. 2. Number partitioning The number partitioning problem (NPP. The NPP can be solved by dynamic programming, in a time bounded by a low-order polynomial in nB [4]. As n

329

CAP3: Urban Sustainability in the Dynamic Environment of Central Arizona  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

removal in Tres Rios Constructed Wetlands. Used long-term data from North Desert Village site. Continued to analyze data from 2011 PASS, focusing on economic analyses. Significant Results Modeled NPP of fringe agriculture, which occupies 14% of the CAP study area, accounts for 31% of total NPP (whereas turf

Hall, Sharon J.

330

Norm Observable Operator Models Ming-Jie Zhao  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exhibit several attractive advantages. In particular, a variety of highly efficient, constructive the negative probability problem (NPP): a given, learnt OOM may sometimes predict negative "probabilities avoid the NPP by design. Like OOMs, NOOMs use a set of linear operators to update system states

331

Integrated assessment of the carbon budget in the southeastern Jessica N. Cross a,b,n  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­2010), independent seasonal estimates of net primary production (NPP), net community production (NCP), vertical export production (Cexp), and benthic carbon consumption (BCC) were used to construct a shelf-wide carbon, and transport of NPP for the southeastern shelf region of the Bering Sea (spatially partitioned into Outer

Shull, David H.

332

New Phytologist (2003) 160: 511522 www.newphytologist.com 511 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% of total net primary productivity (NPP) in forest ecosystems may be allocated below-ground (Vogt et al., 1982; Fahey & Hughes, 1994), and the extent to which NPP becomes long-term carbon storage greatly for construction of new cells and nutrient uptake respiration provides the energy required by epidermal root cells

DeLucia, Evan H.

333

International Atomic Energy Agency Considerations before theConsiderations before the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the construction of a NPP after a policy decision has been taken Activities to implement a first NPP Maintenance the globe Countries with operating NPPs Countries with operating NPPs & new NPPs under construction Countries with operating NPPs Countries with operating NPPs & new NPPs under construction Countries

334

Isoprene emission from terrestrial ecosystems in response to global change: minding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACE apparatus (FACEp; 707 m2 ) was constructed in 1993, 10 years after planting, on a moderate (NPP) under CO2 e may be limited by nutrient availability (Ceulemans et al., 1999; Oren et al., 2001. Although CO2 e often increases NPP, it can also result in greater losses of C (relative to CO2 a ) via soil

335

Clique is hard to approximate within n 1 Johan H astad  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by constructing, for any ? > 0, a proba- bilistically checkable proof for NP which uses logarithmic randomness, in computer science, denoted by SAT and CLIQUE, respectively. It is still unknown whether NP=P, although, and indeed even this paper, would have to be reevaluated if NP=P. There is a group of problem in NP, called

Håstad, Johan

336

Impact of Public Policy and Societal Risk Perception on U.S. Civilian Nuclear Power Plant Construction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a new generation of NPP construction across the northeastern and southeastern United States. The Nuclear, com- plex projects. However, NPP construction has the potential to also be exposed to risks driven Construction Timothy R. B. Taylor1 ; David N. Ford2 ; and Kenneth F. Reinschmidt3 Abstract: Due

Ford, David N.

337

Net Primary Production and Biomass Distribution in the Blue Oak Savanna1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

challenges to measuring such fundamental ecosystem characteristics as net primary productivity (NPP). We address these challenges in the blue oak savanna in California by constructing comprehensive estimates of NPP for three adjacent watersheds. We directly assessed annual biomass increment of all plant

Standiford, Richard B.

338

MingJie Zhao Herbert Jaeger Norm observable operator models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(HMMs). Nevertheless, there is a critical issue, the negative probability problem (NPP), which remains. To avoid the NPP we introduce in this report a variation of OOM, the norm observable operator models (norm-product space D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.2 Constructing norm-OOMs in the space D

339

Submitted to IEEE Software 2009 -Special issue on "Software Development for Embedded Systems"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Controller) ESF-CCS #12;Existing Software Development ProcessExisting Software Development Process F M t NPP i K· For Most NPPs in Korea (e.g. Wolsung NPP) 6 #12;Proposed Software Development Process experts ­ 4 constructs · SDT (Structured Decision Table) · FSM (Finite State Machine) · TTS (Timed

340

Enhanced root exudation induces microbial feedbacks to N cycling in a pine forest under long-term CO2 fumigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enrichment increases tree seedling biomass (Curtis & Wang 1998), net primary production (NPP) in young forest enhancement of forest ecosystem NPP under elevated CO2 will require either the additional supply of limitingLETTER Enhanced root exudation induces microbial feedbacks to N cycling in a pine forest under long

Phillips, Richard P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

16 years of successful projects in16 years of successful projects in Nuclear Science & TechnologyNuclear Science & Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of operating NPP; · NPP decommissioning and waste treatment; · Novel reactor concepts and Nuclear Fuel CycleISTCISTC 16 years of successful projects in16 years of successful projects in Nuclear Science & TechnologyNuclear Science & Technology 13th CERNISTC SAC Seminar New Perspectives of High Energy Physics 01

342

Review of Methods Related to Assessing Human Performance in Nuclear Power Plant Control Room Simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the increased use of digital systems in Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) control rooms comes a need to thoroughly understand the human performance issues associated with digital systems. A common way to evaluate human performance is to test operators and crews in NPP control room simulators. However, it is often challenging to characterize human performance in meaningful ways when measuring performance in NPP control room simulations. A review of the literature in NPP simulator studies reveals a variety of ways to measure human performance in NPP control room simulations including direct observation, automated computer logging, recordings from physiological equipment, self-report techniques, protocol analysis and structured debriefs, and application of model-based evaluation. These methods and the particular measures used are summarized and evaluated.

Katya L Le Blanc; Ronald L Boring; David I Gertman

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Exploiting Equalities in Polynomial Programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 11, 2006 ... D ? V (r1r2), with r1,r2 ? R[x], to address polynomial programming problems ... Furthermore, if r1, r2 ? Pm(D), then the same holds under the...

2006-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

344

Lecture Notes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ian motion, named in honor of the botanist Robert Brown (1773-1858), who ...... R1. N (t), where the remainder term R1. N (t) is such that E( R1. N (t) k) is...

2009-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

345

REGULAR PATHS IN SPARQL: QUERYING THE NCI THESAURUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SELECT ?r1 ?r4 FROM htp://example.com/ex> WHERE { ?r1 part ?r2 . ?r2 part ?r3 . ?r3 contains ?r4 - AMIA SELECT ?r1 ?r4 FROM htp://example.com/ex> WHERE { ?r1 part ?r2 . ?r2 part ?r3 . ?r3 contains ?r4 r1 r4 B E 11/11/2008Todd Detwiler - AMIA Er Dr Cr Br 4? 3? 2? 1? SELECT ?r1 ?r4 FROM htp

Washington at Seattle, University of

346

CSCE 4610/5610 April 1, 2014 CSCE 4610/5610: Computer Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FP-1 FP-2 Integer LD F0, 0(R1) LD F6, -8(R1) LD F10, -16(R1) LD F14, -24(R1) LD F18, -32(R,F14, F2 ADDD F20,F18,F2 ADDD F24, F22,F2 SD 0(R1), F4 SD -8(R1), F8 ADDD F28, F26,F2

Kavi, Krishna

347

Lecture 5: Static ILP Basics Topics: loop unrolling, VLIW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,-8(R1) L.D F10,-16(R1) ADD.D F4,F0,F2 L.D F14,-24(R1) ADD.D F8,F6,F2 L.D F18,-32(R1) ADD.D F12,F10,F2 S.D F4,0(R1) ADD.D F16,F14,F2 S.D F8,-8(R1) ADD.D F20,F18,F2 S.D F12,-16(R1) DADDUI R1,

Balasubramonian, Rajeev

348

Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) for Fine-resolution Basal Ice Sheet Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-pass mode geometry R 1 R 2 Target RTOT1 = R1 + R1 RTOT2 = R2 + R2 TX1/RX1 TX2/RX2 a = 2(R1 - R2)/(R1 - R2) = 2 RTOT1 - RTOT2= 2(R1 - R2) Figure 2.2: Single-pass InSAR geometry R 1 R 2 Target RTOT1 = R1 + R1 RTOT2 = R1 + R2 TX1/RX1 RX2 a = (R1 - R2)/(R1... receiver. Page 22 of 104 Figure 2.4: Ping-pong mode geometry R 1 R 2 Target RTOT1 = R1 + R1 RTOT2 = R2 + R2 TX1/RX1 TX2/RX2 a = 2(R1 - R2)/(R1 - R2) = 2 RTOT1 - RTOT2= 2(R1 - R2) 2.3 InSAR ?R Relationship Next looking only at the geometry involving B...

Blake, William Arthur

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

349

arctic pond ecosystems: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rates have increased in the boreal forest; for example, there has been a doubling of the area burned in North America in the past 20 years. The disturbance regime in tundra may...

350

arctic tundra ecosystems: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rates have increased in the boreal forest; for example, there has been a doubling of the area burned in North America in the past 20 years. The disturbance regime in tundra may...

351

arctic north america: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the boreal forest; for example, there has been a doubling of the area burned in North America in the past 20 years. The disturbance regime in tundra may not have changed....

352

arctic microbial ecosystems: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rates have increased in the boreal forest; for example, there has been a doubling of the area burned in North America in the past 20 years. The disturbance regime in tundra may...

353

EXAMINING VEGETATION AND CLIMATE INTERACTIONS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DIFFERENT VEGETATION TYPES AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The mechanisms responsible for influencing the climate away from the surface, into the atmosphere, and to remote reduction in latent cooling. In contrast, boreal deforestation causes a large surface temperature cooling

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

354

Molecular hydrogen uptake by soils in forest, desert, and marsh ecosystems in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elkins (1999), Molecular hydrogen in the troposphere: GlobalGlobal budget of molecular hydrogen and its deuterium con-and dD of molecular hydrogen in boreal forests: Ecosys- tem-

Smith-Downey, Nicole V; Randerson, James T; Eiler, John M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Major Nitrogen Loss Pathways in Upland Blueberry Soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 O production in an arable peat soil in Central KalimantanTateyama brown forest soil + peat moss (1:1), SC- Soil +the tropical and boreal peat soils have a wide fungal

Vano, Imre

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Carbon Emissions from Smouldering Peat in Shallow and Strong Fronts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A series of experiments of shallow and strong smouldering fronts in boreal peat have been conducted under laboratory conditions to study the CO and CO2 emissions. Peat samples of 100 mm by 100 mm in cross section and 50 ...

Rein, Guillermo; Cohen, Simon; Simeoni, Albert

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Large interannual CO 2 and energy exchange variability in a freshwater marsh under consistent environmental conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the annual carbon sequestration by a boreal aspen forest,tions into wetland carbon sequestration as remediation forin order to assess its carbon sequestration potential. 5.2.

Rocha, Adrian V.; Goulden, Michael L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

E-Print Network 3.0 - aare kitsing aare Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

p1 (a) Data Indexed by AAR-tree. ...... ... ... ... ... R2... .a)hH(R1.h|R1.a|R1.PL|R1.PH...) (b) AAR-tree Nodes. Figure 6: AAR-tree. It can be shown that set LCA... Aggregation...

359

E-Print Network 3.0 - av fem aars Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

p1 (a) Data Indexed by AAR-tree. ...... ... ... ... ... R2... .a)hH(R1.h|R1.a|R1.PL|R1.PH...) (b) AAR-tree Nodes. Figure 6: ... Source: Boston University, Department of Computer...

360

Eos,Vol. 84, No. 46, 18 November 2003 0.00001 [Frankel et al.,2000].Only three sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,228 Mining and Mineral Resources Building,University of Kentucky, Lexington; E-mail: zmwang- mulation,and litter fall inputs to soil carbon pools.Global NPP of vegetation can be predicted using

Myneni, Ranga B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

THE JACOBIAN OF A RIEMANN SURFACE Fix a compact ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Given a divisor D = ? npp, recall that we can associate a sheaf OX(D). By ... compatible with restriction, and such that M is locally isomorphic to OX. The.

2013-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

362

Lecture 5: libraries and tools Prof. Mike Giles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by user host code: helper routines include "plan" construction compute routines perform 1D, 2D, 3D FFTs, reduction Thrust uses CUB for CUDA version of key algorithms Lecture 5 ­ p. 7 CUDA libraries NPP (NVIDIA

Giles, Mike

363

Proposal type: Postdoctoral Descriptive title: Formulating the next generation of models of the terrestrial carbon cycle in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Implications to Construction of Satellite Climate Data Record · Well characterize the errors of satellite-A ATMS NOAA6-14 NOAA15-19 Suomi NPP MetOp-A/B FY

Sarkar, Sahotra

364

Opponency Revisited: Competition and Cooperation Between Dopamine and Serotonin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with dopamine. Neuropsychopharmacology Reviews advance online publication, 29 September 2010; doi:10.1038/npp in instrumental conditioning. In the former, a model of the task is constructed and explicitly searched to work

Dayan, Peter

365

A METHOD FOR ESTIMATING THE CONFIDENCE IN THE IDENTIFICATION OF NUCLEAR TRANSIENTS BY A BAGGED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In this respect, a large number of diagnostic methods have been proposed in the past decade for application to NPP identification, which has been proposed by the authors in a previous work [11]. Bagging [12] is used to construct

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

366

Application of Simple Approximate System AvailabilityAnalysisTools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NPP are presented in this paper. For comparison, values,calculated using other methods are also model of the system is developed by constructing a Markov model of each redundant subsystem and finding

Borissova, Daniela

367

Biogeosciences, 6, 585599, 2009 www.biogeosciences.net/6/585/2009/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a simple saturated function for photosynthetic response of the canopy, and was constructed using the Ameri monthly net primary production (NPP) and monthly solar radiation (Monteith, 1972) that is limited by water

Richardson, Andrew D.

368

Arkansas Water Resources Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- ergy, a large number of coal-fired power plants are currently in operation or under construction- nounced relation between new particle production (NPP) by nucleation and sulphuric acid concentrations

Soerens, Thomas

369

ISSN 1745-9648 Bulgarian Electricity Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

facility, Kozloduy NPP, has allowed the country to become one of the major energy exporters in Europe ­ two 1,000MW light water reactors. Design and construction will be supervised by Parsons Europe Ltd

Feigon, Brooke

370

Assessment of temporal patterns in dissolved organic carbon in Tempe Town Lake Monica M. Palta1 and Hilairy E.Hartnett1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Explore potential for monitoring some component of phytoplankton/community respiration or NPP that can symbols, city of Tempe Time Series Data · Tempe Town Lake was constructed in 1999, and provides recreation

Hall, Sharon J.

371

Lecture 5: libraries and tools Prof. Mike Giles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of routines called by user host code: helper routines include "plan" construction compute routines perform 1D libraries NPP (NVIDIA Performance Primitives) library for imaging and video processing includes functions

Giles, Mike

372

Risk Framework for the Next Generation Nuclear Power Plant Construction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sector projects, and recently elevated to Best Practice status. However, its current format is inadequate to address the unique challenges of constructing the next generation of nuclear power plants (NPP). To understand and determine the risks...

Yeon, Jaeheum 1981-

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

373

(1) FastOpt GmbH, Hamburg, Germany, (2) Dept of Earth Science, University of Bristol, UK, (3) European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Global Environment Monitoring Unit, Italy, (4) European Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/Exclusion of atmospheric CO2 ­ Mission length Provides ­ Uncertainties in target quanties: NEP, NPP, evapotranspiration Constructed and demonstrated MBA tool Can evaluate indirect constraints of observations on simulated fluxes

Giering, Ralf

374

NOAA implements annual catch limits for all managed fisheries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Continental Shelf SEPT NOAA completes construction of supercomputers Stratus and Cirrus that improve weather NOAA releases Scientific Integrity Policy NOAA launches GOES-15 NOAA launches Suomi-NPP satellite NOAA

375

The RHIC Mid-Term Strategic Plan Status as of February 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

construction in FY 2010, a one-year delay from the schedule shown in the Mid-Term plan. As a result on February 14, 2006. The document can be found at: http://www.bnl.gov/npp/docs/RHICpl

376

RIEMANN'S INEQUALITY AND RIEMANN-ROCH DONU ARAPURA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of genus g. Riemann's inequality gives a sufficient condition to construct meromorphic functions is a finite formal sum D = npp with p X and np Z. We sometimes view this as sum over all points with np = 0

Arapura, Donu

377

Linking Animal Models of Psychosis to Computational Models of Dopamine Function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Neuropsychopharmacology (2007) 32, 54­66. doi:10.1038/sj.npp.1301086; published online 10 May 2006 Keywords: dopamine have been used to link some of these psychological constructs to the physiology of the dopamine system

Seriès, Peggy

378

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1291712924, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/12917/2011/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the highest CO2 emission scenario constructed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [1]. In order they affect C uptake, net primary productivity (NPP), and indirectly influence atmospheric CO2. C residence

Meskhidze, Nicholas

379

Online Appendix A: Supplementary methods for model construction We begin by defining pij as an indicator variable taking the value one if founder i in patch j  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Online Appendix A: Supplementary methods for model construction We begin by defining pij). Therefore we define pj t as Npp i ijj / tt = which denotes the average frequency of the plasmid, after

Rankin, Daniel

380

Building High-Quality Climate Data Records from Operational Satellites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Implications to Construction of Satellite Climate Data Record · Well characterize the errors of satellite-A ATMS NOAA6-14 NOAA15-19 Suomi NPP MetOp-A/B FY

Kuligowski, Bob

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Astronomy Department UC Berkeley B-20 Hearst Field Annex # 3411 Berkeley, CA 94720  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are primary goals of the Astronomy Decadal Review. NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD NPP Fellow://ratir.astroscu.unam.mx/public/ · Support the construction (mechanical, cryogenic, optical, and electronic systems), commissioning

Militzer, Burkhard

382

5. S. A. Thomas, A. M. Matsumoto, R. D. Palmiter, Nature 374, 643 (1995).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005 (10.1038/sj.npp.1301000). 8. R. Ventura, A. Alcaro, S. Puglisi-Allegra, Cereb. Cortex 15, 1877. Tran for technical assistance, and our colleagues for constructive suggestions. Supported by an NIH

Cook, Robert

383

This article was published in an Elsevier journal. The attached copy is furnished to the author for non-commercial research and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of spatial information technologies to achieve more scientific planning in bioenergy power plant construction production (NPP) estima- tion, which can be integrated to estimate biomass energy ARTICLE IN PRESS 0961

Elmore, Andrew J.

384

Removing Obstacles in Neuroscience Drug Discovery: The Future Path for Animal Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to ensure that basic science knowledge gained from improved animal models with good predictive and construct patients as quickly as possible. Neuropsychopharmacology Reviews (2009) 34, 74­89; doi:10.1038/npp.2008

Kalueff, Allan V.

385

Probabilistic Constrained Optimization: Methodology and Applications (S. P. Uryasev, Editor), pp. 102-131  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, are constructed. The problems of calculating lower and upper bounds for Bayes estimates is reduced to optimization Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) components that have scarce data samples. Although there are plenty of his

Uryasev, Stanislav

386

Mapping complexity sources in nuclear power plant domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the sources of complexity in advanced Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) control rooms and their effects on human reliability is critical for ensuring safe performance of both operators and the entire system. New ...

Sasangohar, Farzan

387

CASL Plan of Record 2 (1/11-6/11)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IC CASL Industry Council LWR Light Water Reactor M&S Modeling and Simulation NPP Nuclear Power Plant ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory PWR Pressurized Water Reactor R&D Research...

388

Response of the water balance to climate change in the United States over the 20th and 21st centuries: Results from the VEMAP Phase 2 model intercomparisons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distribution: The role of the water balance, Am. Nat. , 135,NPP): The importance of water avail- ability, Global Change1982a), Ecological optimality in water-limited natural soil-

Gordon, W. S; Famiglietti, J. S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Responses of primary production and total carbon storage to changes in climate and atmospheric CO? concentration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The authors used the terrestrial ecosystem model (TEM, version 4.0) to estimate global responses of annual net primary production (NPP) and total carbon storage to changes in climate and atmospheric CO2, driven by the ...

Xiao, Xiangming.; Kicklighter, David W.; Melillo, Jerry M.; McGuire, A. David.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P.

390

Biophysical Characterization of NEMO and IKK?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NF-?B IL-1? Signaling Overview Interstitial Fluid IL-1R TADNEMO TAD NPP IKK1 TAD N Cytosol IKK2 (Ub)n PP N TAD Nucleus TAD CBP et

Drew, Devin Lee

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

National Aeronautics and Space Administration goddardviewVolume 7 Issue 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

management and collaborative scientific research, pursue green building technologies and climate change and the Return of Atlantis ­ 3 NPP Runs the Gauntlet of Environmental Testing ­ 4 NASA Researchers: DNA Building

Christian, Eric

392

The Theoretical Limit to Plant Productivity Evan H. DeLucia,*,,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, as well as the desire for national energy security are increasing reliance on plant material as an energy including its human inhabitants.1 Estimates of terrestrial NPP derived from satellite images of vegetation

DeLucia, Evan H.

393

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 779802, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/779/2006/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-induced hazards that are representative for a whole class of hazards: Accidents due to nuclear power plants (NPP- ments (like embassies in the case of conventional threats) dis- play in the eye of potential aggressors

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

394

Development of a hybrid intelligent system for on-line real-time monitoring of nuclear power plant operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A nuclear power plant (NPP) has an intricate operational domain involving systems, structures and components (SSCs) that vary in scale and complexity. Many of the large scale SSCs contribute to the lost availability in the ...

Yildiz, Bilge, 1976-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Can New Nuclear Power Plants be Project Financed?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper considers the prospects for financing a wave of new nuclear power plants (NPP) using project financing, which is used widely in large capital intensive infrastructure investments, including the power and gas sectors, but has...

Taylor, Simon

396

Net Primary Productivity of Some California Soils Compared to Those of the Santa Catalina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

productivity of all land. Yields of cultivated crops are not such universally suitable indices, because. Net primary productivity (NPP) is the rate of biomass (or energy) accumulation by autotrophic plants

Standiford, Richard B.

397

Preprint of the paper submitted to the 4 t h I FA C -S y m p o s i u m o n M e c h a t r o n i c S y s t e m s H e i d e l b e r g , G e r m a n y , S e p t e m b e r 1 2 t h -1 4 t h , 2 0 0 6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

made them attractive for miniaturised and micro-technical systems (Dario, et al., 1997). The SMA MACROSCOPIC SMA WIRE BUNDLE ACTUATOR/SENSOR SYSTEM: DESIGN, MEASUREMENT, CONTROL APPROACH Robert Kratz, Maximilian Stelzer, and Oskar von Stryk Simulation and Systems Optimization Group Department of Computer

Stryk, Oskar von

398

Synthetic Efforts Toward Palau'amine Doug Behenna, Ryan McFadden  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic Efforts Toward Palau'amine Doug Behenna, Ryan McFadden Eric Ashley, Jenn Stockdill Cl H2N R1 R2 N N H N HN O NH2 H N NH H H OH NH2 Cl H2N R2 R1 R1 = R2 = H Palau'amine R1 = H, R2 = Br 4-Bromo Palau'amine R1 = R2 = Br Dibromo Palau'amine R1 = R2 = H Styloguanidine R1 = H, R2 = Br 3

Stoltz, Brian M.

399

Approximate String Joins in a Database (Almost) for Free Luis Gravano Panagiotis G. Ipeirotis H. V. Jagadish  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1AiQ.Pos - R2AjQ.Pos k AND R2AjQ.Pos - R1AiQ.Pos k AND LEN(R1.Ai) - LEN(R2.Aj) k AND LEN(R2.Aj) - LEN(R1.Ai) k GROUP BY R1.A0, R2.A0, R1.Ai, R2.Aj HAVING COUNT(*) LEN(R1.Ai)+q-1 - k*q AND COUNT(*) LEN(R2.Aj)+q-1 - k*q AND edit distance(R1.A

Gravano, Luis

400

EE512: Error Control Coding Solution for Assignment on Miscellaneous Topics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the code C1 is ^c = 00000, r1 + r2 + r3 + r4 + r5 is max, 01110, r1 - r2 - r3 - r4 + r5 is max, 10101, -r1 + r2 - r3 + r4 - r5 is max, 11011, -r1 - r2 + r3 - r4 - r5 is max. (b) ML hard-decision Decoder Decoder: ^c = 00000, r1 + r2 + r3 + r4 + r5 is max, 00110, r1 + r2 - r3 - r4 + r5 is max, 01001, r1 - r

Thangaraj, Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

RAVEN as Control Logic and Probabilistic Risk Assessment Driver for RELAP-7  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Next Generation of System Analysis Code (NGSAC) [1] aims to model and simulate the Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) thermo-hydraulic behavior with high level of accuracy. In this respect, Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is developing a NGSAC (known as RELAP-7) which will allow to model NPP responses for a set of accident scenarios (e.g., loss of off-site power).

C. Rabiti; A. Alfonsi; D. Mandelli; J. Cogliati; R. Martineau

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Nuclear Power Plant Concrete Structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nuclear power plant (NPP) involves complex engineering structures that are significant items of the structures, systems and components (SSC) important to the safe and reliable operation of the NPP. Concrete is the commonly used civil engineering construction material in the nuclear industry because of a number of advantageous properties. The NPP concrete structures underwent a great degree of evolution, since the commissioning of first NPP in early 1960. The increasing concern with time related to safety of the public and environment, and degradation of concrete structures due to ageing related phenomena are the driving forces for such evolution. The concrete technology underwent rapid development with the advent of chemical admixtures of plasticizer/super plasticizer category as well as viscosity modifiers and mineral admixtures like fly ash and silica fume. Application of high performance concrete (HPC) developed with chemical and mineral admixtures has been witnessed in the construction of NPP structures. Along with the beneficial effect, the use of admixtures in concrete has posed a number of challenges as well in design and construction. This along with the prospect of continuing operation beyond design life, especially after 60 years, the impact of extreme natural events ( as in the case of Fukushima NPP accident) and human induced events (e.g. commercial aircraft crash like the event of September 11th 2001) has led to further development in the area of NPP concrete structures. The present paper aims at providing an account of evolution of NPP concrete structures in last two decades by summarizing the development in the areas of concrete technology, design methodology and construction techniques, maintenance and ageing management of concrete structures.

Basu, Prabir [International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)] [International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Labbe, Pierre [Electricity of France (EDF)] [Electricity of France (EDF); Naus, Dan [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Standing Stocks and Faunal Zonation of Deep-Sea Benthos: Patterns and Predictions across Scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

constructed from 24 oceanographic institutions worldwide within the Census of Marine Life (CoML) field projects. The machine-learning algorithm, Random Forests, was employed to model and predict seafloor standing stocks from surface primary production... variables: Decadal mean and standard deviation (S.D.) of monthly net primary production (NPP) models (cbpm, vgpm), and the data inputs for the NPP models (Behrenfeld & Falkowski 1997, Westberry et al. 2008) including chlorophyll concentration (chl), sea...

Wei, Chih-Lin

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

404

An Additive Bivariate Hierarchical Model for Functional Data and Related Computations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 48 14 The estimated curves for ts made with di erent values of the penalty parameter. : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 49 15 NppToR sits as a utility in the system tray. : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 53 ix FIGURE Page 16 Npp... as computing penalty matrices. This methods allows for computing the transformations without numerical calculus, and reduces the calculus steps to linear algebra operations. This greatly improves speed and accuracy. Programming these many implementations...

Redd, Andrew Middleton

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

405

The History and Future of NDE in the Management of Nuclear Power Plant Materials Degradation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author has spent more than 25 years conducting engineering and research studies to quantify the performance of nondestructive evaluation (NDE) in nuclear power plant (NPP) applications and identifying improvements to codes and standards for NDE to manage materials degradation. This paper will review this fundamental NDE engineering/research work and then look to the future on how NDE can be optimized for proactively managing materials degradation in NPP components.

Doctor, Steven R.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

RESPONSES OF PRIMARY PRODUCTION AND TOTAL CARBON STORAGE TO CHANGES IN CLIMATE AND ATMOSPHERIC CO2 CONCENTRATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model (TEM, version 4.0) to estimate global responses of annual net primary production (NPP) and total. For contemporary climate with 315 ppmv CO2, TEM estimated that global NPP is 47.9 PgC/yr and global total carbon-q climate and +20.6% (9.9 PgC/yr) for the GISS climate. The responses of global total carbon storage are +17

407

Human Appropriation of Net Primary Productivity (HANPP) in Texas: A Statewide Analysis of Sustainability in the Agricultural and Timber Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Panhandle offer shorter growing seasons due to temperature limitations; approximately 5-10?C less than the Gulf Coast Regions (National Oceanic 14 and Atmospheric Administration 2008). In west Texas NPP is limited by water availability without human...). In Texas there is therefore a strong north- south gradient controlled by temperature and an east-west gradient controlled by moisture. Available solar radiation also controls NPP. Nemani et al. (2003) illustrated this by correlating how a decrease...

Graff, Christopher P.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

408

Underwater nuclear power plants: improved safety, environmental compatibility and efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The further development of nuclear power engineering depends on the creation of a new generation of nuclear power plant (NPP) projects that have a high degree of safety. Decisions ensuring secure NPP exploitation must be based on the possibility of eliminating or localizing accidents. Using environmental properties to achieve secure NPP exploitation and accident elimination leads to suggest the construction of NPPs in water. An efficient way to provide energy to remote coastal areas is through use of floatable construction of prefabricated units. Floatable construction raises the quality of works, reduces expenditures on industrial facilities, and facilities building conditions in districts with extreme climatic conditions. A type of NPP that is situated on a shelf with the reactor compartment placed at the sea bottom is proposed. The underwater location of the reactor compartment on the fixed depth allows the natural water environment conditions of natural hydrostatic pressure, heat transfer and circulation to provide NPP safety. An example of new concept for power units with under-water localization of the reactor compartment is provided by the double-block NPP in a VVER reactor.

Galustov, K.Z.; Abadjyan, K.A.; Pavlov, A.B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Development of an NDA system for high-level waste from the Chernobyl new safe confinement construction site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In early 2009, preliminary excavation work has begun in preparation for the construction of the New Safe Confinement (NSC) at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) in Ukraine. The NSC is the structure that will replace the present containment structure and will confine the radioactive remains of the ChNPP Unit-4 reactor for the next 100 years. It is expected that special nuclear material (SNM) that was ejected from the Unit-4 reactor during the accident in 1986 could be uncovered and would therefore need to be safeguarded. ChNPP requested the assistance of the United States Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) with developing a new non-destructive assay (NDA) system that is capable of assaying radioactive debris stored in 55-gallon drums. The design of the system has to be tailored to the unique circumstances and work processes at the NSC construction site and the ChNPP. This paper describes the Chernobyl Drum Assay System (CDAS), the solution devised by Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sonalysts Inc., and the ChNPP, under NNSA's International Safeguards and Engagement Program (INSEP). The neutron counter measures the spontaneous fission neutrons from the {sup 238}U, {sup 240}Pu, {sup 244}Cm in a waste drum and estimates the mass contents of the SNMs in the drum by using of isotopic compositions determined by fuel burnup. The preliminary evaluation on overall measurement uncertainty shows that the system meets design performance requirements imposed by the facility.

Lee, Sang-yoon [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Browne, Michael C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rael, Carlos D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Carroll, Colin J [SONALYST INC.; Sunshine, Alexander [NA-243; Novikov, Alexander [CHNPP; Lebedev, Evgeny [CHNPP

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Additions stroslectives sur les imines Prparation d'imines et leur lectrophilie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Réaction de Ugi #12;R H N R1 R H O R'M R R' OH Ligand chiral externe R R' OH + R R2 HN R1 Imines sont de

Charette, André

411

lagrangean duality applied on vehicle routing with time windows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 23, 2001 ... the R1 instances with 100 customers was decreased by a factor 6. Cutting- ... the trust-region algorithm to Dantzig-Wolfe's algorithm on R1 in-.

1910-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

412

On Handling Free Variables in Interior-Point Methods for Conic ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dual step-sizes, whereas we analyze a common step-size. Another simplification is the following assumption: the initial point (x1,z1,y1,s1) satisfies (r1 p,r1 d1. )...

413

M E Environmental Management Environmental Management  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

EM NA 1,480 RL-0040.R1.1 Complete Demolition of facility. 2902E Water Storage Tanks EM Industrial 926 RL-0040.R1.1 Complete Demolition of facility. 2902W Water Storage...

414

The Future of YouTube: Critical Reflections on YouTube Users Discussion over Its Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

r=1&th&emc=th Heng, M. , & de Moor, A. (2003). Fromto participatory democracy (Heng & de Moor, 2003). However,

Kim, Gooyong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Synthesis of Aziridines Ring-Closing Reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Aza-Darzens R1 N R3 R2 R1 R2 + LnM N R3 R1 EWG + AcO NH R3 R1 LG NHR3 R2 + N R3 R2O R LG #12;2 Free Nitrenes: Singlet and Triplet States Neutral, Electron-deficient, Monovalent Species Triplet state Rearrangement #12;5 Electron-Withdrawing Substituted-Nitrenes Electron-withdrawing substituents to minimize side

Charette, André

416

STABLE MAPS: EXAMPLES WITHOUT SADDLES. J. IGLESIAS, A. PORTELA, AND A. ROVELLA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

points that are Cr structurally stable (r > 1) and have nontrivial nonwandering sets, see [IPR1] and [IPR

417

CS120 Lab 7 --Arduino and LC3 The goal for this lab is to get everyone up to speed using both the LC3 simulator and the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS120 Lab 7 -- Arduino and LC3 The goal for this lab is to get everyone up to speed using both the LC3 simulator and the Arduino, and to make connections between C-language control structures (if ELSEPART AND R1, R1, #0 ADD R1, R1, #4 WHATEVER HALT .END Arduino code LC3 simulator code Type both code

Madden, Patrick H.

418

PROCEEDINGS OF 1976 SUMMER WORKSHOP ON AN ENERGY EXTENSION SERVICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conversion of steam plantfacthttes, Oale R1dge Natwnal Laboratory, Tennessee, $12,200,q~0: (1) Uranium

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Variation in ecological resilience: a fundamental concept for rangeland ecology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of restorability Historic black grama grassland T2 Threeawn -dropseed grassland R1T1 Mesquite coppice shrubland

420

Germanic Origins from the Perspective of the Y-Chromosome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the historical territory of Croatia and the directions ofR1b-M173 Peri?i? et al. 2005(b) Croatia Eu 18 Semino et al.2000(a) Croatia R1b Bara? et al. 2003 Croatia R1b Peri?i? et

St. Clair, Michael Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A Lattice Energy Calculation for LiH Lithium hydride is a white crystalline solid with the face-centered cubic crystal structure. The model for LiH(s)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operators for each of the electrons, and an electron-electron potential energy operator. HLi 1 2 r1 - 2 r1 r 2 - 1 r1 - 1 r2 - 1 r12 += When the trial wavefunction and the appropriate energy operator is usedA Lattice Energy Calculation for LiH Lithium hydride is a white crystalline solid with the face

Rioux, Frank

422

Disposal of radioactive waste from nuclear research facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Swiss radioactive wastes originate from nuclear power plants (NPP) and from medicine (e.g. radiation sources), industry (e.g. fire detectors) and research (e.g. CERN, PSI). Their conditioning, characterisation and documentation has to meet the demands given by the Swiss regulatory authorities including all information needed for a safe disposal in future repositories. For NPP wastes, arisings as well as the processes responsible for the buildup of short and long lived radionuclides are well known, and the conditioning procedures are established. The radiological inventories are determined on a routinely basis using a combined system of measurements and calculational programs. For waste from research, the situation is more complicated. The wide spectrum of different installations combined with a poorly known history of primary and secondary radiation results in heterogeneous waste sorts with radiological inventories quite different from NPP waste and difficult to measure long lived radionuclides. In order to c...

Maxeiner, H; Kolbe, E

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Cognitive decision errors and organization vulnerabilities in nuclear power plant safety management: Modeling using the TOGA meta-theory framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the field of nuclear power plant (NPP) safety modeling, the perception of the role of socio-cognitive engineering (SCE) is continuously increasing. Today, the focus is especially on the identification of human and organization decisional errors caused by operators and managers under high-risk conditions, as evident by analyzing reports on nuclear incidents occurred in the past. At present, the engineering and social safety requirements need to enlarge their domain of interest in such a way to include all possible losses generating events that could be the consequences of an abnormal state of a NPP. Socio-cognitive modeling of Integrated Nuclear Safety Management (INSM) using the TOGA meta-theory has been discussed during the ICCAP 2011 Conference. In this paper, more detailed aspects of the cognitive decision-making and its possible human errors and organizational vulnerability are presented. The formal TOGA-based network model for cognitive decision-making enables to indicate and analyze nodes and arcs in which plant operators and managers errors may appear. The TOGA's multi-level IPK (Information, Preferences, Knowledge) model of abstract intelligent agents (AIAs) is applied. In the NPP context, super-safety approach is also discussed, by taking under consideration unexpected events and managing them from a systemic perspective. As the nature of human errors depends on the specific properties of the decision-maker and the decisional context of operation, a classification of decision-making using IPK is suggested. Several types of initial situations of decision-making useful for the diagnosis of NPP operators and managers errors are considered. The developed models can be used as a basis for applications to NPP educational or engineering simulators to be used for training the NPP executive staff. (authors)

Cappelli, M. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy); Gadomski, A. M. [ECONA, Centro Interuniversitario Elaborazione Cognitiva Sistemi Naturali e Artificiali, via dei Marsi 47, Rome (Italy); Sepiellis, M. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy); Wronikowska, M. W. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy); Poznan School of Social Sciences (Poland)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Joint U.S./Russian Study on the Development of a Preliminary Cost Estimate of the SAFSTOR Decommissioning Alternative for the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant Unit #1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of the two joint Russian/U.S. Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) Unit #1 studies were the development of a safe, technically feasible, economically acceptable decom missioning strategy, and the preliminary cost evaluation of the developed strategy. The first study, resulting in the decommissioning strategy, was performed in 1996 and 1997. The preliminary cost estimation study, described in this report, was performed in 1997 and 1998. The decommissioning strategy study included the analyses of three basic RBM.K decommission- ing alternatives, refined for the Leningrad NPP Unit #1. The analyses included analysis of the requirements for the planning and preparation as well as the decommissioning phases.

SM Garrett

1998-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

425

Review of maintenance personnel practices at nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) sponsored Maintenance Qualifications and Staffing Project, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has conducted a preliminary assessment of nuclear power plant (NPP) maintenance practices. As requested by the NRC, the following areas within the maintenance function were examined: personnel qualifications, maintenance training, overtime, shiftwork and staffing levels. The purpose of the assessment was to identify the primary safety-related problems that required further analysis before specific recommendations can be made on the regulations affecting NPP maintenance operations.

Chockie, A.D.; Badalamente, R.V.; Hostick, C.J.; Vickroy, S.C.; Bryant, J.L.; Imhoff, C.H.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Joint electric power alternatives study. Appendix G. Joint parallel nuclear alternatives study for Russia. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Joint Parallel Nuclear Alternatives Study for Russia (JPNAS) is a parallel study to the Joint Electric Power Alternatives Study (JEPAS). The JPNAS assessed the costs of enhancing the safety level of Russian nuclear power plants (NPPs), decommissioning of RBMK-1000 and first generation VVER-440 units, completion of NPP construction, NPP repowering into fossil fuel plants, and construction of new generation NPPs. In the framework of the JEPAS, the JPNAS provides data on the nuclear sector which is needed to formulate an integrated resources plan and schedule for investments for the development of Russia`s power sector.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Financing the Nuclear Renaissance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ante, especially during the construction phase when a lot of capital is committed but the timing of revenues is uncertain. The history of NPP construction in the US especially is a very discouraging one and investors will need to be convinced... be negative for short periods. In the case of a new NPP the following aspects are noteworthy in the countries of concern to us: first the plant could be expected to operate for 60 years far beyond the horizon of any conventional calculations of net present...

Nuttall, William J; Taylor, S

428

Binary vapor-liquid equilibrium data without measurement of composition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Blak- ley for their assistance in serving as committee members and for their constructive criticisms of this thesis. The help rendered by Mr. B. Bala)i Singh in typing this thesis is appreciated. vii TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT. ACKNOWLZDGEMENTS...NUZ DO 300 J=1, NT NPV=NP(J, N) READ(MR, 100) (V(I)=1&NPV) FORMAT(5F10 ~ 5) NPP=NP(J, N) DO 301 I=1, NPP RHO(I, J, N)=1. 00/V(I) GONTINUZ THIS PART READS DATA FOR SATURATION ENVELOPES OF EACH BINARY MIXTURE READ& KMINS(N) & KMAXS(N) KMINT...

Nehzat, Mohammad Sadegh

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Activities for the remediation of TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the aim of fulfilling recovery work for the Fukushima Daiichi NPP, technological efforts have been made for the development of a survey robot system, adequate communication infrastructure technologies, high radiation environment compatible gamma cameras, heavy machinery-type robots (ASTACO-SoRa), remote decontamination devices (AROUNDER), and contaminated waste water treatment system. We have developed a new type of absorbents which remove cesium (Cs) and strontium (Sr) simultaneously at a high removal rate of 99 % or more. We will provide valuable solutions and rational systems for waste water treatment using this developed adsorbent as well as other various adsorbents for the recovery of Fukushima Daiichi NPP.

Kinoshita, Hirofumi; Kometani, Yutaka; Asano, Takashi; Ishiwata, Masayuki; Fukasawa, Tetsuo [Hitachi-GE Nuclear Energy, Ltd., 2-2, Omika-cho, 5-chome, Hitachi-shi Ibaraki-ken, 319-1221 (Japan); Tadokoro, Takahiro; Nagumo, Yasushi; Kani, Yuko; Matsui, Tetsuya [Hitachi Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd. 2-2, Omika-cho, 5-chome, Hitachi-shi Ibaraki-ken, 319-1221 (Japan)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Decline of net primary production over 10 years at a forest FACE experiment is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

declined from 20% in 2004 to 11% in 2007 NPP at Elevated CO2 / NPP at Ambient CO2 y = -0.02x + 35.30 R 2 = -0.58x + 1175.87 R2 = 0.87 y = -0.56x + 1133.46 R2 = 0.89 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 1996 1998 2000 2002-saturated photosynthetic rate (Amax) (Sands 1996, Aust. J. Plant Physiol) Amax depends on [CO2 ], leaf Narea & stomatal

431

Nuclear Safety Risk Management in Refueling Outage of Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NPP is used to planning maintenance, in-service inspection, surveillance test, fuel handling and design modification in the refueling outage; the operator response capability will be reduced plus some of the plant systems out of service or loss of power at this time. Based on 8 times refueling outage experiences of the Qinshan NPP, this article provide some good practice and lesson learned for the nuclear safety risk management focus at four safety function areas of Residual Heat Removal Capability, Inventory Control, Power availability and Reactivity control. (authors)

Meijing Wu; Guozhang Shen [Qinshan Nuclear power company (China)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Guidance for Deployment of Mobile Technologies for Nuclear Power Plant Field Workers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a guidance document prepared for the benefit of commercial nuclear power plants (NPPs) supporting organizations and personnel who are considering or undertaking deployment of mobile technology for the purpose of improving human performance and plant status control (PSC) for field workers in an NPP setting. This document especially is directed at NPP business managers, Electric Power Research Institute, Institute of Nuclear Power Operations, and other non-Information Technology personnel. This information is not intended to replace basic project management practices or reiterate these processes, but is to support decision-making, planning, and preparation of a business case.

Heather D. Medema; Ronald K. Farris

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Head Loss Through Fibrous Debris Bed with Different Types of Perforated Strainers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loss of Coolant Accident LWR Light Water Reactor MBLOCA Medium Break Loss of Coolant Accident MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet NEI Nuclear Energy Institute NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NPP Nuclear Power Plants NPSH Net... than the randomly generated debris bed on the sump strainer of the NPP. The U.S. NRC began their analysis in 1996 in order to predict and estimate the loss of the Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH) by establishing GSI-191. In 1995, NUREG/CR-6224...

Abdulsattar, Suhaeb S

2014-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

434

2005 The Society for the Study of Evolution. All rights reserved. Evolution, 59(7), 2005, pp. 16001603  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lund, Sweden 6E-mail: jan-ake.nilsson@zooekol.lu.se Abstract. Sedentary passerine birds living- entary passerine birds living in temperate and boreal regions. During this period, energy requirements is produced by shivering, primarily in the flight mus- cles. In situations where an increased sustained work

Hohtola, Esa

435

Ann. Geophys., 27, 41714181, 2009 www.ann-geophys.net/27/4171/2009/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy budget of the global climate system (Schulz et al., 2006). Lau et al. (2008) explicitly explained and model simulations we found that in boreal cold seasons anoma- lously high African aerosols (Precipitation; Radiative processes) 1 Introduction By absorbing and scattering solar radiation, aerosols can af

Zhang, Chidong

436

Processes of interannual mixed layer temperature variability in the thermocline ridge of the Indian Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dominates from July to November. Atmospheric fluxes generally damp SSTA generation in the TRIO region, there is no obvious peak in SSTA amplitude in boreal winter, as previously noted for heat content anomalies. Positive of the Indian Ocean (TRIO--Jayaku- mar et al. 2011). The TRIO is primarily maintained by wind stress curl

437

Shackleton, N.J., Curry, W.B., Richter, C., and Bralower, T.J. (Eds.), 1997 Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol. 154  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be tied to Northern Hemisphere glaciations through reduc- tion of the Boreal Heat Pump (e.g., Imbrie et al focus in Cenozoic paleoceanography is the relationship between global climate change and deep ocean circulation. An in- creasing number of studies has implicated deep-water circulation in climatic change

Zachos, James

438

WORKING PAPER Resource Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-04 ­ Smoke and Mirrors: The Kyoto Protocol and Beyond (van Kooten) 2003-05 ­ Creating Carbon Offsets Offsets? A Meta-Analysis of Forest Carbon Sinks (van Kooten, Eagle, Manley and Smolak) 2004-02 ­ Managing-10 ­ Viability of Carbon Offset Generating Projects in Boreal Ontario (Biggs and Laaksonen- Craig) 2004

439

A Study of Frontal-Scale Air-Sea Interaction in Midlatitude Western Boundary Current Regimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forecasting, WRF) at 27 km, two ensembles of simulations were conducted for boreal winter season in the North Pacific to study the possible local and remote influence of meso-scale oceanic eddies in the KER on the atmosphere. Filtering out meso-scale oceanic...

Ma, Xiaohui

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

440

Fire Regimes and Successional Dynamics of Pine and Oak Forests in the Central Appalachian Mountains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of fire in determining the structure and composition of many forested ecosystems is well documented (e.g. North American boreal forests; pion-juniper woodlands of the western US). Fire is also believed to be important in temperate forests...

Aldrich, Serena Rose

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Effects of soil moisture and water depth on ERS SAR backscatter measurements from an Alaskan wetland complex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009 Accepted 17 April 2009 Keywords: Wetlands Boreal region Synthetic aperture radar Water level SoilEffects of soil moisture and water depth on ERS SAR backscatter measurements from an Alaskan was negatively correlated to water depth in all open (non-forested) wetlands when water table levels were more

Turetsky, Merritt

442

A modelling approach to carbon, water and energy feedbacks and interactions across the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer BOREAS - (the) BOReal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study C - Carbon CABi A modelling approach to carbon, water and energy feedbacks and interactions across the land partitioning of energy, the evapotranspiration of water and if the land-surface is a sink or a source of CO2

443

International Conference MANAGING FORESTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Working Party 1.01.08 ­ Ecology and Silviculture of Spruces; co-hosted by the EU Interreg Project Forest of Alberta, Canada "Ecology and Silviculture of White Spruce in the Canadian Boreal Forest for Multiple Forest Integrity; Why Spruce is a Good Option" Kristina Blennow, SLU, Sweden "Perception of Risks

444

Ecology 2007 95, 12611273  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing Ltd Wind-throw mortality in the southern boreal forest: effects of tree mortality as influenced by species, diameter and stand age were assessed across a gradient in wind in tree size and wind intensity index, and for three stand ages. 3. Probability of mortality was higher

Minnesota, University of

445

Sixteen years of winter stress: an assessment of cold hardiness, growth performance and survival of hybrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of hybrid poplar clones at a boreal planting sitepce_2583 419..428 STEFAN G. SCHREIBER1 , ANDREAS HAMANN1 , UWE G. HACKE2 & BARB R. THOMAS1,3 1 Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2H1, 2 Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

Hamann, Andreas

446

GLOBAL DEFORESTATION, TIMBER, AND THE STRUGGLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GLOBAL DEFORESTATION, TIMBER, AND THE STRUGGLE FOR SUSTAINABILITY Making the Label Stick Stephan and Deforestation: Case Studies in Critical Ecosystems (19) A. Temperate and Boreal Deforestation: Background (19) 1 and Consumption (21) Deforestation and Impacts (21) The U.S. Role (22) Nuu-chah-nulth First Nations (22) Haisla

447

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 211222, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/211/2007/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the influence of sulfuric acid M. Ehn1, T. Pet¨aj¨a1, H. Aufmhoff2, P. Aalto1, K. H¨ameri1,3, F. Arnold2, A properties of ultrafine aerosol particles in the boreal forest: diurnal variation, solubility 64, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland 2Max-Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics (MPIK

Boyer, Edmond

448

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1164711680, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11647/2010/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

snow, contributing to the surface energy budget and leading to earlier snowmelt. In this study Arctic survey of Clarke and Noone. Samples were collected in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Svalbard, Norway, Russia, and in boreal forests. Snow was collected mostly in spring, when the en- tire winter snowpack is accessible

Warren, Stephen

449

State of the World 2013 SUSTAINABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" oil-shales for natural gas and petroleum, even as burning the stuff threatens to push the global. No doubt several factors contributed to this tragic implosion--perhaps a combination of natural stresses the boreal forest to get at tar-sands crude or jeopardize already shrinking water supplies by "frack- ing

Pedersen, Tom

450

The Severity of Smouldering Peat Fires and Damage to the Forest Soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the large loss of soil mass but poorly documented in the literature. A series of smouldering experiments with boreal peat have been conducted under laboratory conditions to quantify these effects using small-scale samples. Peat samples of 100 mm by 100 mm...

Rein, Guillermo; Cleaver, Natalie; Ashton, Clare; Pironi, Paolo; Torero, Jose L

451

Journal of Ecology 2008, 96, 12971305 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01438.x 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation 2008 British Ecological Society  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA; 4 Department of Plant Biology, Southern Illinois, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada; 2 14 CHRONO Centre, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, UK; 3 in boreal Alberta, Canada. Standard fractionation techniques as well as compound-specific pyrolysis

Turetsky, Merritt

452

Can Kalmia angustifolia interference to black spruce (Picea mariana) be explained by allelopathy?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in terms of high aboveground biomass due to sufficient sunlight to reach forest floor (Mallik, 1994 of Kalmia. # 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Allelochemicals; Boreal forest when species (1) utilize common resources that are in short supply (resource competition); (2) harm one

Mallik, Azim U.

453

Effects of experimental clearcut logging on thermal stratification, dissolved oxygen, and lake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

à blanc autour de trois lacs dimictiques de 30 à 40 ha du nord-ouest de l'Ontario a été associée à caused sedimentation and nutrient enrichment in streams in various parts of North America (e.g., Brown water quality changes af- ter logging around boreal lakes and streams (Holopainen et al. 1991; Rask et

Wisenden, Brian D.

454

TARGET SPECIES Table 1. Terrestrial target species.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that have only one or a very few number of key ecological functions. Functional specialist species could = Critical functional link species, species that are the only ones that perform a specific ecological Merganser Boreal Toad Wolverine FS Horned Grebe Long-toed Salamander CFLS BIRDS House Finch CFLS Northern

455

The Pleistocene biogeography of eastern North America: A nonmigration scenario for deciduous forest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current reconstruction of the vegetation of eastern North America at the last glacial maximum postulates a very wide zone of tundra and boreal forest south of the ice. This reconstruction requires that the deciduous forest retreated far to the south. The authors believe that this reconstruction is seriously in error. Geologic evidence for glacial activity or tundra is absent from the southern Appalachians. Positive evidence for boreal forest is based on pollen identifications for Picea, Betula, and Pinus, when in reality southern members of these genera have pollen that cannot be distinguished from that of northern members. Further, pollen of typical southern species such as oaks and hickories occurs throughout profiles that past authors had labeled boreal. Pollen evidence for a far southern deciduous forest refuge is lacking. Data on endemics are particularly challenging for the scenario in which deciduous forest migrated to the south and back. The southern Appalachian region is rife with endemics that are often extreme-habitat specialists unable to migrate. The previously glaciated zone is almost completely lacking in endemics. Outlier populations, range boundaries, and absence of certain hybrids all argue against a large boreal zone. The new reconstruction postulates a cold zone no more than 75--100 miles wide south of the ice in the East.

Loehle, C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Research Div.; Iltis, H. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Botany

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

456

64 Bryonora 38 (2006) NOV BRYOLOGICK LITERATURA XVI.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pseudocalliergon trifarium (Amblystegiaceae). ­ American Journal of Botany 93: 1313­1319. Blockeel T. L. J. & Rozema J. (2006): Outdoor studies on the effects of solar UV- B on bryophytes: Overview dominated forest floors of old-growth sub-boreal spruce forests in central British Columbia, Canada

Kucera, Jan

457

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 41774184, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/4177/2009/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

respiratory system, Correspondence to: K. Lehtipalo (katrianne.lehtipalo@helsinki.fi) where particles may around the world (Kulmala et al., 2004a), but the exact mechanisms how particles are formed from precursor vapors are still un- der debate. The prevailing nucleation mechanism, at least in boreal forest

Meskhidze, Nicholas

458

Biogeosciences, 5, 969980, 2008 www.biogeosciences.net/5/969/2008/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

changes under certain climatic or land-use change scenarios. 1 Introduction Boreal forests contain about adjacent spruce forests with different soil conditions in Russia J. Kurbatova1, C. Li2, A. Varlagin1, X of Sciences, Moscow, Russia 2Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, University of New Hampshire

459

Emissions of black carbon, organic, and inorganic aerosols from biomass burning in North America and Asia in 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assessment of the impact of aerosols emitted from boreal forest fires on the Arctic climate necessitates) in summer 2008 and in those transported from Asia (Siberia in Russia and Kazakhstan) in spring 2008. We the microphysical properties of clouds [Lubin and Vogelmann, 2006]. Deposition of BC onto snow and ice changes

Jimenez, Jose-Luis

460

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Takeshi Ise Paul R. Moorcroft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

November 2009 / Published online: 7 January 2010 The Ecological Society of Japan 2010 Abstract Boreal significant impacts on global climate-biosphere feedback as well as local to regional conservation- ests, simulation studies should be based on plant eco- physiological responses onto environmental

Moorcroft, Paul R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Characterizing Microclimate and Plant Community Variation in Wetlands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate . Wetlands . Soil . Temperature . Modeling . Boreal Introduction Groundwater-fed calcareous of Wetland Scientists 2013 Abstract Groundwater-fed calcareous wetlands (fens) sup- port diverse plant developed accurate daily resolution soil temperature models (min and max) from a 29-sensor network

Fridley, Jason D.

462

The power of q A course of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NOP NOP LD F18,-32(R1) LD F22,-40(R1) ADDD F4,F0,F2 ADDD F8,F6,F23 NOP LD F26,-48(R1) NOP ADDD F12,F10,F2 ADDD F16,F14,F2 NOP NOP NOP ADDD F20,F18,F2 ADDD F24,F22,F2 NOP SD 0(R1),F4 SD -8(R1),F8 ADDD F28

Blennerhassett, Peter

463

Ecology, 92(11), 2011, pp. 21082116 2011 by the Ecological Society of America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and prolonged periods of low nutrient availability in southern California, NPP by giant kelp was twice overwhelms top-down and bottom-up control of primary production in California kelp forests DANIEL C. REED,1 and consumer abundance to examine the relative importance of nutrient availability (bottom-up), grazing

Siegel, David A.

464

Nordisk kernesikkerhedsforskning Norrnar kjarnryggisrannsknir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

life of nuclear power plant (NPP) piping components is spent in the phase preceding the initiation NKS-126 ISBN 87-7893-188-6 Simulation and Analysis of Data for Enhancing Low Cycle Fatigue Test The simulation and analysis of data for enhancing low cycle fatigue test proce- dures is discussed in this report

465

A DATA-DRIVEN APPROACH FOR PREDICTING FAILURE SCENARIOS IN NUCLEAR SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in an irreversible manner. The attractiveness of prognostics for Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) accident management comes1 A DATA-DRIVEN APPROACH FOR PREDICTING FAILURE SCENARIOS IN NUCLEAR SYSTEMS Enrico Zio, Francesco Di Maio, Marco Stasi Energy Department, Polytechnic of Milan Via Ponzio 34/3, 20133 Milano, Italy

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

466

ACADEMrrE ROUMAThffi REVUE ROUMAINE DES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGETIQUE TOMES1 2006 1 Janvier - Mars ITIRE APART I EDITURA ACADEMIEI ROMANE #12;Thermotechnique et to solve the most important two mentioned problems. Thus even presently, countries with a high the third power unit in NPP Cernavoda will start to operate. Practically, the problem of active material

Baica, Malvina

467

5 - Department of Mathematics, Purdue University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jacques Kieben of Elsevier, for their work in helping this book to be published. ...... rock could be expressed as functions of P, = P, -nPp, where n is the effective stress ...... the cement consisted of quartz and orthoclase overgrowths [Green and

2009-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

468

US graphite reactor D&D experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the results of the U.S. Graphite Reactor Experience Task for the Decommissioning Strategy Plan for the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) Unit 1 Study. The work described in this report was performed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the Department of Energy (DOE).

Garrett, S.M.K.; Williams, N.C.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Effects of Bridge Shading on Estuarine Marsh Benthic Invertebrate Community Structure and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to estimate forest carbon storage and net primary productivity (NPP) from measurements of stem diameter that are species and site specific. Going to a new site or encountering a new species necessitates the construction, and its need to continually construct new allometries, is to develop ``universal'' allometries, either

Craft, Christopher B.

470

The USSR nuclear power: Expectation of renaissance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When the Soviet specialists presented the data on the causes and consequences of the largest world nuclear accident to the world community in 1986 and even in a year after the Chernobyl catastrophe, they kept certain optimism concerning continuous steady implementation of the nuclear power projects in this country. However five post Chernobyl years have shown that the installed capacities of the Soviet NPPs increased only by 5GW. Basing on the most optimistic current estimations it can be said that by the turn of the century the total NPP capacity will not have reached even a third of 190 GW to which the Soviet nuclear program, adopted in the beginning of the 80s, was oriented. It should be pointed out that the cause of reduction in the program was not only canceling of the orders for new NPP construction but also stopped construction works even at the final stage of NPP erection. In the whole, research works, construction and extension of NPP were interrupted on 39 sites of total capacity 109 GW. Not going into a detailed analysis of the causes of this situation, it should be pointed out that deep economical and ecological prerequisites for maintenance and further development of the nuclear component in the fuel and energy balance of this country not only did not vanish but rather are growing in time in the forecasted economic situation.

Gagarinski, A.; Ponomarev-Stepnoi, N. (I.V. Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy, Kurchatov Square (Russian Federation))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

CERNA WORKING PAPER SERIES What drives innovation in nuclear reactors technologies?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

driven by the conventional paradigm where both demand- pull, measured by NPPs constructions that the impact of public R&D expenditures and national NPPs construction on innovation is stronger when on innovation, one the other hand, regulatory decisions to temporarily close a NPP have an adverse impact

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

472

Developing the Scots pine resource Results from a 3 year project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Area of Scots pine Forest as a Proportion of Total Forest Area Entire Country NPP Area Finland 13000 65;End uses Finland Norway Scotland Sweden ·Pulpwood (55%) ·Construction ·Interior joinery and linings ·Transmission poles ·Log houses Pulpwood (45%) Construction Joinery Fencing Transmission poles Log houses Wood

473

Proceedings of the Fifth Canadian Conference on Computational Geometry, A. Lubiw and J. Urrutia Eds., University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, August 5--9, 1993, pp. 7--11.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the strong NP­hardness of the problem. Since the possibility of PSPACE=P and NP=P has not been ruled out construction of a coordinated mo­ tion planning that requires an exponential number of moves. This paper problem. Our reduction is built on top of their construction with some additional construction to force

Milenkovic, Victor

474

. Background for MFE R&D in Korea . A Strategy for K-DEMO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&D 1998 - 2001 Engineering Design and Facility Construction 2002 - 2007 Construction of KSTAR KSTAR Construction-Technology Development #12;6 Success of KSTAR is based on dedication and Technological " Utilize NPP technologies to cross-cut the design study of DEMO Plant; " Incorporate fusion research

475

Int. J. Simulation and Process Modelling, Vol. 3, Nos. 1/2, 2007 45 Copyright 2007 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to constructing and modelling Dependable Web Services (DeW) that are built by composing web components that can development and a consultant in a number of I&C NPP. Now he is a Leading Researcher on safety-related software

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

476

ISOMORPHISM CLASSES OF PICARD CURVES OVER FINITE FIELDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for construction of cryptosystems based on the discrete logarithm problem, and elliptic curve cryptography is now for constructing public key cryptosystems by Galbraith, Paulus and Smart in [8]. Besides providing an algorithm, of a place p is defined as the extension degree of the residue field of p over k. For a divisor D = npp (that

477

Exposure to the Taste of Alcohol Elicits Activation of the Mesocorticolimbic Neurocircuitry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Neuropsychopharmacology (2008) 33, 1391­1401; doi:10.1038/sj.npp.1301513; published online 25 July 2007 Keywords: alcohol The construct of craving for substances of abuse by humans has often been defined as the strong desire or urge

Banich, Marie T.

478

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

integration. A redesigned prototype was constructed as an alternative to the current simulator and hardcopy for nuclear power plants Nuclear power plant (NPP) control room operators observe and manipulate an extremely imposes new coordi- nation demands on operational teams (e.g. the need for communication to construct

Virginia, University of

479

Large River Food Webs: Influence of Nutrients, Turbidity, and Flow, and Implications for Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supporting consumers in rivers with different physicochemical characteristics, and hypotheses of how these factors affect instream productivity (R = respiration, NPP = net primary production). ........................................ 44 Figure 2... CHAPTER I GENERAL INTRODUCTION Humans have historically constructed civilizations along the banks of rivers. In addition to providing vital supplies of water and easy access to nutrient-rich, alluvial soils, rivers filter and remove nutrients...

Roach, Katherine

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

480

Les processus de surface `a l'echelle globale et leurs interactions avec  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mer Océan Atmosphère océanique Biogeochmie La construction d'un mod`ele du syst`eme terre passe par le biomass NPP #12;2.1. Les interactions syst`eme racinaire et humidit´e du sol

Madeleine, Jean-Baptiste

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "r1 npp boreal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Evaluation of inherent distortions in the IIST facility using the RELAP5/MOD3 code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Institute of Nuclear Energy Research (INER) integral system test (IIST) facility is a reduced-height, reduced-pressure test facility constructed at INER that is used to simulate the thermal hydraulics of the Maanshan nuclear power plant (NPP). A small-scaled facility is not capable of simulating all the physical phenomena of an NPP because the behavior of an NPP during accidents is very complicated. Proper scaling then plays an important role in the design of a test facility to ensure the usefulness and applicability of experimental data obtained from a small-scaled facility. However, distortions caused by necessary compromises in the design and construction of a small-scaled test facility exist. The analysis here evaluates whether the inherent distortions in the IIST facility will distort the thermal-hydraulic behaviors of a natural-circulation experiment and influence the usefulness and applicability of the experimental data. Based on the current calculations, the IIST experimental results are found to be partially distorted. Appropriate consideration of and correction for these distortion effects are needed before the results of the IIST natural-circulation experiments can be used to reliably investigate the Maanshan NPP behavior expected by way of an appropriate scale-up procedure.

Ferng, Y.M. [Inst. of Nuclear Energy Research, Lung-Tan (Taiwan, Province of China)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Original article Carbon balance and tree growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for wood construction and whether the fraction of assimilation used for production varies among social déterminer la pro- portion du carbone assimilé utilisée pour la construction de bois et sa variation en prima- ry productivity (NPP). To predict effects of global environmental change on ecosystems

Boyer, Edmond

483

A Generaliza+on of SAT and #SAT for Probabilis+c Inference and Verifica+on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

{, , ,...}n x : {T,F}n Alterna+ons and #-SAT P 1 1 PH P#P[1] NP#P PSPACE #P #PNP[1 Only useful if base BDD can be constructed cheaply DPLL · Two-level DPLL

Platzer, André

484

Bacterial Effector HopF2 Suppresses Arabidopsis Immunity by Targeting BAK1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fluorescence protein GST glutathione-S-transferase HA hemagglutinin HrpZ harpin Z LPS lipopolysaccharide LRR leucine-rich repeat MAPK mitogen-activated protein kinase MKK5 MAPK kinase 5 NB-LRR nucleotide binding domain leucine-rich repeat NPP1 necrosis... ............................................................. 12 Plant materials and growth conditions ....................................................................... 12 Plasmid construction and generation of transgenic plants ......................................... 12 Pathogen assay...

Zhou, Jinggeng

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

485

Comparison of Hazard Analysisp y Requirements of I&C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) M di l D i A id tShip Accident (Ferry Sewol) Medical Device Accident (Therac-25) 3 NPP Accident­ Software Fault Tree Analysis ­ By AECL, Nancy Leveson Name of Software Hazards No % Remarks For construct hazard 4 7For construct hazard 4 7 Initialization hazard 4 7 IF-THEN-ELSE construct hazard 38 67 CASE

486

Zeszyty Naukowe Katedry Mechaniki Stosowanej, nr 18/2002 Andrzej POWNUK1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of probabilistic characteristics of constructions. We are enforced in this situation to use the semi-probabilistic methods. In this paper a new method of calculation of safety of construction will be presented: [ ] [ ]0 1 0 1 0 1 0 11111 025.0,025.0,^ PPPPPPPP +-== +- (3) ][]3.1037,7.986[^11 NPP = (4) Now we can

Pownuk, Andrzej

487

Modelled effects of precipitation on ecosystem carbon and water dynamics in different climatic zones  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ongoing changes in the global climate expose the world s ecosystems not only to increasing CO2 concentrations and temperatures but also to altered precipitation (P) regimes. Using four well-established process-based ecosystem models (LPJ, DayCent, ORCHIDEE, TECO), we explored effects of potential P changes on water limitation and net primary production (NPP) in seven terrestrial ecosystems with distinctive vegetation types in different hydroclimatic zones. We found that NPP responses to P changes differed not only among sites but also within a year at a given site. The magnitudes of NPP change were basically determined by the degree of ecosystem water limitation, which was quantified here using the ratio between atmospheric transpirational demand and soil water supply. Humid sites and/or periods were least responsive to any change in P as compared with moderately humid or dry sites/periods. We also found that NPP responded more strongly to doubling or halving of P amount and a seasonal shift in P occurrence than that to altered P frequency and intensity at constant annual amounts. The findings were highly robust across the four models especially in terms of the direction of changes and largely consistent with earlier P manipulation experiments and modelling results. Overall, this study underscores the widespread importance of P as a driver of change in ecosystems, although the ultimate response of a particular site will depend on the detailed nature and seasonal timing of P change.

Gerten, Dieter [Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany; Luo, Yiqi [University of Oklahoma; Le Maire, Guerric [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environement, France; Parton, William [University of Colorado, Fort Collins; Keough, Cindy [University of Colorado, Fort Collins; Weng, Ensheng [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Beier, Claus [Riso National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark; Ciais, Philippe [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environement, France; Cramer, Wolfgang [Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany; Dukes, Jeff [University of Massachusetts, Boston; Hanson, Paul J [ORNL; Knapp, Alan [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Linder, Sune [Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Upsalla, Sweden; Nepstad, Daniel [Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), Woods Hole, MA; Rustad, Lindsey [USDA Forest Service; Sowerby, ALWYN [Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bangor, Gwynedd, United Kingdom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Testing of the CANDU Spent Fuel Storage Basket Package  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper described the results of testing for a CANDU Spent Fuel Storage Basket Package Prototype intended to be used for transport and storage of the CANDU spent fuel bundles within NPP CANDU Cernavoda, Romania. The results obtained proved that the objectives of those tests were achieved

Vieru, G.

2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

489

Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere Volume 36, Spring 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reinhart 1 From the Director's Desk 2 LAPS for Renewable Energy 4 Suomi NPP 8 FAA NextGen and Air Traffic the quality control for the Visible/Infrared Imager/Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) sensor. Dan Lindsey, Miller, Yoo. John Knaff, Mark DeMaria, and Andrea Schumacher have begun to exploit the high spatial and spectral

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

490

SAFETY MARGINS CONFIDENCE ESTIMATION FOR A PASSIVE RESIDUAL HEAT REMOVAL SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are traditionally performed for the verification of the safety performance of a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) under, Italy enrico.zio@polimi.it 2 INET, Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology Tsinghua University, Beijing,100084, China ABSTRACT For licensing purposes, safety cases of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) must

Boyer, Edmond

491

The relationships between net primary productivity, human population density  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). The rate of NPP is determined by the conversion of solar energy to plant matter via photosynthesis, NSW, 2640, Australia Correspondence: Gary Luck, Institute for Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, PO Box 789, Albury, NSW, 2640, Australia. E-mail: galuck@csu.edu.au ABSTRACT Aim In this study, I

Hansen, Andrew J.

492

The Effects of Urbanization on Net Primary Productivity in Southeastern China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, an expanding urban footprint on the landscape, and a growing take-out rate of net primary productivity (NPPThe Effects of Urbanization on Net Primary Productivity in Southeastern China Dengsheng Lu Abstract Net primary productivity (NPP) is one of the major ecosystem products on which human societies

Montana, University of

493

Niobium-mediated generation of P-P multiply bonded intermediates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The diphosphaazide complex (MesNPP)Nb(N[CH2 tBu]Ar)3, 1 (Mes = 2,4,6-tri-tert-butylphenyl, Ar = 3,5-dimethylphenyl), releases a P2 unit upon heating to form MesNNb(N[CH2 tBu]Ar)3, 2, in a first-order process. The chemistry ...

Piro, Nicholas A. (Nicholas Anthony)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

National Aeronautics and Space Administration goddardviewVolume 7 Issue 8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.m.putman@nasa.gov. Ideas for new stories are welcome but will be published as space allows. All submis- sions are subject Douglas Hurley, Mission Specialist Sandra Magnus, and Mission Specialist and Flight Engineer Rex Walheim-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Preparatory Project, or NPP, successfully separated from the Delta

Christian, Eric

495

Differential effects of extreme drought on production and respiration: synthesis and modeling analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ambient rainfall) at all four study sites. The sensitivity of NPP to drought was directly attributable to rainfall amount, whereas the sensitivity of Rh to drought was driven by soil drying, reduced carbon (C) input and a drought-induced reduction in soil...

Shi, Z.; Thomey, M. L.; Mowll, W.; Litvak, M.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Collins, S. L.; Pockman, W. T.; Smith, M. D.; Knapp, A. K.; Luo, Y.

2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

496

Assessment of the amount of cesium-137 released into the Pacific Ocean after the Fukushima accident  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the neighborhood of the plant. An underestimation was noticed for stations located 30 km offshore. The resulting into the ocean from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (NPP) after the accident in March 2011 and to gain Daiichi nuclear power plant following the earthquake and the tsunami of 11 March 2011 released large

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

497

Physics Department Management Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for improvement. Agenda #12;EMS and OHSAS Scope NPP Work (Office & Experiments) in Buildings 510, 515, 901A ATF Operations & Experiments in Building 820 CMPMSD in Building 510 CMPMSD is part of BES, but uses 510 in that area NYS DEC Hazardous Waste Audit 4/10 No findings #12;External Assessments EMS-OSH Surveillance

Homes, Christopher C.

498

259NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, VOL.38 NO.3 APRIL 2006 NuSEE: AN INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENT OF SOFTWARE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

259NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, VOL.38 NO.3 APRIL 2006 NuSEE: AN INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENT and Technology 1 Department of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering 2 Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer. In safety-critical systems such as a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), extremely high- confidence for software

499

Transactions of the Korean Nuclear Society Autumn Meeting Pyeongchang, Korea, October 30-31, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transactions of the Korean Nuclear Society Autumn Meeting Pyeongchang, Korea, October 30-31, 2014 A Translator Verification Technique for FPGA Software Development in Nuclear Power Plants Jaeyeob Kim a , Eui- critical system such as RPS (Reactor Protection System) in NPP (Nuclear Power Plants). Increasing

500

Eos,Vol. 85, No. 23, 8 June 2004 enhanced convergence,boundary layer desta-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-dynamics and aerosol-micro- physics arguments. Human-related activities associated with transportation,energy of the week in NewYork City.This cycle was hypothesized to be related to increased trans- portation activity,the impact of urbanization on net primary productivity (NPP) and its consequences for carbon balance and food

Segall, Paul